6. A system comprising:
an automotive vehicle including a fuel cell stack configured to provide power to move the vehicle, the fuel cell stack including
a plurality of fuel cells each having (i) a porous plate with an embedded flow field formed therein, (ii) a catalyst ink,
including an ionomer and hydrophobic additives, supported on and within the porous plate and (iii) a proton exchange membrane
in contact with the porous plate and catalyst, wherein a porosity of the porous plate in a vicinity of the proton exchange
membrane is less than a porosity of the porous plate away from the proton exchange membrane.