1. A channel measurement and measurement result reporting method, comprising:receiving, by terminal equipment, a broadcast message or dedicated signaling transmitted from network equipment, the broadcast message or dedicated signaling comprising configuration information, wherein the broadcast message is a System Information Block (SIB) message, or the dedicated signaling is a signaling used for releasing connection of the terminal equipment to switch from the connection state into the idle state of the terminal equipment;
measuring, by the terminal equipment, a channel of an unlicensed frequency band according to the configuration information, wherein the terminal equipment is in an idle state; and
transmitting, by the terminal equipment, a measurement result of the unlicensed frequency band to the network equipment when the terminal equipment is in a connection state,
wherein the SIB message comprises the configuration information in the following manner: introducing a new SIB message different from the SIB message and including corresponding to an Information Element (IE) corresponding to the configuration information,
wherein the configuration information comprises frequency information of the unlicensed frequency band, measurement period information, measurement duration information and a measurement parameter, and
wherein measuring, by the terminal equipment, the channel of the unlicensed frequency band according to the configuration information comprises:
measuring, by the terminal equipment, a measurement parameter in a measurement duration on a carrier frequency in the configuration information according to a measurement period in the configuration information, the measurement period comprising a variable measurement duration.