1. An adaptable LED-based lighting unit, comprising:a plurality of LEDs producing a light output having at least one adaptable light output characteristic;
a controller electrically coupled to the plurality of LEDs and controlling the at least one adaptable light output characteristic in accordance with received lighting configuration data comprising light distribution or color temperature data; and
an RFID reader to receive said lighting configuration data and transmit said lighting configuration data to said controller;
wherein said lighting configuration data is selected from a set of predefined lighting configuration data comprising light distribution or color temperature data, is received in response to integration of said LEDs within a particular lighting implementation, and is specific to said particular lighting implementation.