US Patent No. 10,137,960

ELECTRIC BICYCLE


Patent No. 10,137,960
Issue Date November 27, 2018
Title Electric Bicycle
Inventorship Henry Albert Gibbings, Monaco (MC)
Assignee S.C.P. TYPHOON, Monaco (MC)

Claim of US Patent No. 10,137,960

1. A system of battery-powered electric motor propulsion for supplying assistive propelling power to conventional bicycles, comprising:a bicycle frame comprising one or more interconnecting frame tubes and a bottom bracket shell;
a bottom bracket comprising at least a spindle and a crown and bearing assembly ringed around the spindle;
one or more drivetrains, each comprising a motor connected to a drive shaft having a pinion with a fixed drive system; and
a drivetrain controller comprising:
a user interface providing user controls for commanding the start and stop of the motor, and selecting one or more torque levels of the motor; and
a motor control circuitry connected to the user interface and the motor and configured to execute a motor control sequence comprising:
an initial motor speed detection state activated by a start command from the user interface during which the motor speed is being detected for an initial motor speed detection state period;
if the motor speed is higher than a power assist motor speed threshold continuously during the initial motor speed detection state period, then a power assist state is activated during which the motor is turned on fully and output one of the one or more torque levels selected by the user interface;
a continuous motor speed detection state where the motor speed is being continuously detected, and if the motor speed is detected to be below a power shutdown motor speed threshold continuously for a power shutdown state period, then the motor is turned off, wherein the continuous motor speed detection state is canceled and the motor is turned off if a stop command from the user interface is received;
wherein at least one of the interconnecting frame tubes connects with the bottom bracket shell;
wherein the bottom bracket shell has a through-hole at where each of the frame tubes that is connecting with the bottom bracket shell such that interior space of the frame tubes is accessible from within the bottom bracket shell;
wherein, when assembled, each of the drivetrains is inserted and secured within the interior space of one of the frame tubes that is connecting with the bottom bracket shell;
wherein, when assembled, a bottom bracket housing is housed within the bottom bracket shell; and
wherein, when assembled, the drive shaft of each of the drivetrains is extended into the bottom bracket such that the pinion of the drive shaft is aligned and engaged with crown gear teeth of the crown and bearing assembly allowing torque generated from the motor of each of the drivetrains to transfer to the crown and bearing assembly and in turn to the spindle.