11. A method for manufacturing, comprising:coating a substrate with a matrix comprising a sacrificial resin and containing nanoparticles to be patterned on the substrate;
irradiating the coated substrate with an energy beam so as to fix a pattern in the matrix by modifying a state of the sacrificial resin so as to cause cohesion between the nanoparticles without fully sintering the nanoparticles, such that a resistivity of the pattern remains at least ten times greater than a final resistivity that is to be achieved after full sintering;
removing the matrix remaining on the substrate outside the fixed pattern; and
after removing the matrix, sintering the nanoparticles in the pattern so as to achieve the final resistivity of the pattern.