US Pat. No. 11,114,799

HOUSING FOR A PLUG COMPRISING A DISPLAY UNIT

TE Connectivity Germany G...


1. A housing for a plug having a contact space for contacts, comprising:a display unit indicating a complete plugging of a counter-plug into the housing, the display unit is movable along a longitudinal axis of the housing between an initial position and an assembly position, the display unit including a locking element, a guide element, and a supporting element, the locking element has a resilient bridge with a first end fixed to the guide element; and
a first stop preventing the display unit from moving in the initial position by abutment of a free end of the bridge on the first stop, the free end is bent in a bending plane in a direction of the guide element when moving in a direction of the first stop, the supporting element is arranged in the bending plane between the bridge and the guide element, the supporting element supports the bridge at the guide element when the bridge deforms in the direction of the guide element and prevents a deformation of the bridge away from the abutment on the first stop.

US Pat. No. 11,114,798

CONNECTOR

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...


1. A connector to be mounted on a case to electrically connect a device arranged inside the case and a device arranged outside the case, comprising:a housing made of resin and including a separation wall separating an inside and an outside of the case;
a cover made of resin and to be mounted on the housing;
accommodating portions defined by the housing and the cover;
a partition wall provided between the accommodating portions and partitioning between the accommodating portions,
a plurality of busbars, each of the busbars including a first end part provided with a connecting portion to be connected to a terminal of a wire routed inside the case, the connecting portions individually being accommodated respectively in the accommodating portions defined by the housing and the cover so that the connecting portions are covered by the cover, and each of the busbars further having a second end part on a side opposite to the first end part, the busbars being embedded in the separation wall, with the first end part and the second end part of each of the busbars being exposed from the separation wall.

US Pat. No. 11,114,797

CAGE, ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND PARTITION ASSEMBLY

Tyco Electronics (Shangha...


1. A cage, comprising:a housing; and
a partition assembly mounted in the housing and separating an inner space of the housing into an upper space and a lower space, the partition assembly including a first support plate and a second support plate arranged horizontally, and at least a pair of support frames disposed between the first support plate and the second support plate to separate the first support plate from the second support plate by a predetermined height, the support frames have a plurality of through holes, the support frames are formed by bending a front end of one of the first support plate and the second support plate, the front end of the first support plate is bent upward by 90 degrees to form a front support frame of the support frame, an upper end of the front support frame is bent backward by 90 degrees to form an upper support frame, and a rear end of the upper support frame is bent downward by 90 degrees to form a rear support frame.

US Pat. No. 11,114,796

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR WITH MODULAR HOUSING FOR ACCOMMODATING VARIOUS CONTACT LAYOUTS

Carlisle Interconnect Tec...


1. An electrical connector comprising:a shell having a cavity; and
an electrical contact assembly housed within the cavity of the shell, the electrical contact assembly including:a contact housing including a core extending along an axial direction and a plurality of fins radiating outwardly from the core, each of the fins separating adjacent housing-receiving cavities from one another;
a first housing structure having a first plurality of electrical contacts housed therein, the first housing structure seated within a first housing-receiving cavity of the contact housing; and
a second housing structure having a second plurality of electrical contacts housed therein, the second housing structure seated within a second housing-receiving cavity of the contact housing, wherein the first and second plurality of electrical contacts are different from one another, wherein the first and second housing structures each includes a flange extending outwardly therefrom, the electrical connector further including a fastener extending into the core of the contact housing, the fastener engaging the flange of the first and second housing structures to retain the first and second housing structures within the contact housing.


US Pat. No. 11,114,795

MALE TERMINAL, MALE CONNECTOR, JIG AND METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING MALE CONNECTOR

AutoNetworks Technologies...


1. A male connector, comprising:a male terminal including a terminal body with a tab extending forward and a cover slidable between a protection position for accommodating the tab inside a sheath portion and a retracted position for exposing a front end part of the tab from a front end of the sheath portion, the cover including a magnet or a magnetic material;
a connector housing including a cavity for accommodating the male terminal, and
a retainer movable with respect to the connector housing between a partial locking position separated from the male terminal and a full locking position for retaining the male terminal by being held in contact with the male terminal,
wherein:
the connector housing is provided with a full locking portion for holding the retainer at the full locking position by locking the retainer,
a cam pin projecting outward is provided on an outer surface of the retainer, and
the retainer is moved to the full locking position with the cam pin located in a starting end part of a cam groove provided in a jig and the retainer is moved to the partial locking position with the cam pin moved to a final end part of the cam groove.

US Pat. No. 11,114,794

CONNECTOR ON ELECTRIC VEHICLE FOR CHARGING THE ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...


1. A connector, comprising:a first terminal including a shaft-like first terminal portion and a first flange protruding from the first terminal portion;
a second terminal including a shaft-like second terminal portion and a second flange protruding from the second terminal portion;
a housing open forward and including a first accommodating portion into which the first terminal is accommodated from behind and retained so as not to come out forward and a second accommodating portion into which the second terminal is accommodated from behind and retained so as not to come out forward; and
a retainer to be assembled with the housing from behind the housing;
wherein:
the first terminal is positioned at a proper position in a front-rear direction with respect to the housing by being accommodated into the first accommodating portion along an axial direction of the first terminal portion and having the first flange locked by a first locking portion provided on an inner wall of the first accommodating portion; and
the second terminal is positioned at a proper position in the front-rear direction with respect to the housing by being accommodated into the second accommodating portion along an axial direction of the second terminal portion and having the second flange locked by a second locking portion provided on an inner wall of the second accommodating portion and the second terminal is positioned rearward of the proper position in the front-rear direction if the second terminal is accommodated into the first accommodating portion and the second flange is locked by the first locking portion;
the first flange has disc-shaped parts with outer diameters that become larger toward a rear end to define steps in the front-rear direction;
the first locking portion is shaped so that a part of the inner wall of the accommodating portion protrudes inward while defining a through hole penetrating in the front-rear direction and having a protruding part that is stepped in the front-rear direction so that an opening diameter of the through hole becomes larger toward the rear in a stepwise manner, and having contact surfaces to be held in contact with the first flange in the front-rear direction when the first terminal is in the first accommodating portion; and
the second flange is a single disc that has a thickness in the front-rear direction larger than a thickness in the front-rear direction of the disc-shaped part of the first flange that is located on a rearmost position on the first flange, and the second flange is in contact with only the contact surface located at a rearmost position on the first locking portion if the second terminal is in the first accommodating portion.

US Pat. No. 11,114,793

ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION FOR CONNECTING MALE TERMINALS TO FEMALE TERMINALS

GJM, S.A., La Roca del V...


1. A connector assembly for connecting male terminals to female terminals that comprises:a connector (20) defining a body (1) and input openings (2) which communicate with a housing (12) for input male terminals (3);
output openings (4) through which female terminal (5) wiring is passed;
separation walls (7);
a first cover (6) hinged to the connector (20);
a second cover (9) comprising a base (10) and hinged to the said connector (20) and facing the first cover (6);
female terminals (5) made of an electrical conductive material and housed in the housing (12) of the connector (20), which expand when the male terminals (3) are inserted inside them, and wherein a space in the housing (12) is larger than a space occupied by the female terminals (5) prior to expanding; and
side tabs (8) extending outward from opposite sides of the connector (20) body (1) such that the first cover (6) and the second cover (9) lock together between the side tabs (8) to block in the female terminals (5) when the first cover (6) and second cover (9) are closed.

US Pat. No. 11,114,792

CONTACT AND CONNECTOR

Tyco Electronics Japan G....


1. A contact, comprising:a pair of side walls;
a front end upper wall extending from the side walls;
a rear end upper wall extending from the side walls;
a lance extending in a rearward direction from a rear end of the front end upper wall, the lance has a catch portion at a rear end portion of the lance, the catch portion is caught in a housing when the contact is inserted into the housing; and
an extension piece extending in the rearward direction from the rear end portion of the lance, the extension piece positioned under the rear end upper wall, the extension piece has a folded-back portion folded downward from the rear end portion in a direction lateral to the rear end portion.

US Pat. No. 11,114,791

CONNECTOR

CHICONY POWER TECHNOLOGY ...


1. A connector, comprising:a main body comprising a first opening and a second opening;
a terminal module comprising a terminal portion and an insulating portion, wherein the insulating portion partially covers the terminal portion, the terminal portion comprises a plurality of terminals, a middle portion and a pin portion, the terminals protrude beyond one side of the insulating portion, the middle portion is covered by the insulating portion, the pin portion is exposed from another side of the insulating portion opposite to the side of the insulating portion, the insulating portion is disposed adjacent to the second opening and connected to the main body, and the terminals are disposed in the main body and exposed from the first opening;
a cable module comprising a connecting portion electrically connected to the pin portion;
a housing covering the main body and the terminals, wherein the housing has an end portion disposed adjacent to the insulating portion, and the end portion is configured with a plurality of third openings; and
an insulating material covering the end portion, the connecting portion, the pin portion and the insulating portion, and filling the third openings.

US Pat. No. 11,114,790

REVERSIBLE DUAL-POSITION ELECTRIC CONNECTOR


1. A reversible dual-position electrical connector, comprising:a metal snapping plate with left side and right side being provided with one depressed snap having a locking surface made of metal material;
an inner insulating structure being integrally molded in a plastic injection molding with the metal snapping plate embedded in the inner insulating structure, the inner insulating structure is provided with an upper supporting surface disposed above the upper side of the metal snapping plate and with a lower supporting surface disposed below the lower side of the metal snapping plate, the upper supporting surface and the lower supporting surface are each provided with one row of terminal positioning slots;
two rows of terminals each being integrally provided with a contact in the front end and an extension in the rear end, the two rows of terminals are positioned at the two rows of terminal positioning slots of the upper and lower supporting surfaces of the inner insulating structure, the two rows of contacts rest against the upper and lower supporting surfaces of the inner insulating structure; and
an insulation seat, wherein the insulation seat is integrally plastic injection molded and embedded with the two rows of terminals and the inner insulating structure, the insulation seat is provided with a base seat and a tongue, a front end of the base seat is projectingly provided with the tongue, the tongue is provided with two connection surfaces, the two rows of contacts are in flat surface contact with the tongue and exposed from the two connection surfaces, the locking surfaces of the two depressed snaps are respectively exposed at the left and right sides of the tongue, and the tongue can be bidirectionally docked and positioned with a docking electrical connector in a dual-position manner;
wherein at least one of a front section and a rear section of the metal snapping plate is cut-out to form a hollow region at the middle so that the right side and the left side of the metal snapping plate are respectively formed with two metal plate sheets extending from the front section of the metal snapping plate to the rear section of the metal snapping plate, the length of the hollow region of the metal snapping plate along the direction from the front section of the metal snapping plate to the rear section of the metal snapping plate is greater than half the length of the metal snapping plate, and the snap is provided at the outer side of each of the metal plate sheets.

US Pat. No. 11,114,789

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR WITH ROTATIONALLY RESTRICTED COVER MEMBER


1. An electrical connector comprising:a main body comprising an insertion opening into which a connection target is inserted and an accommodation space to accommodate the connection target inserted into the insertion opening;
a conductive contact held in the main body so as to be connected to the connection target in the accommodation space;
a cover member rotatably mounted on the main body so as to cover at least a part of an outer shell of the main body and to be rotatable around a rotation axis passing through the main body, wherein the cover member comprises:a restricting member configured to switch, in response to a rotation of the cover member around the rotation axis, between a first state in which removal of the connection target in the accommodation space is restricted and a second state in which the connection target is released; and
a main plate which protrudes from a base end portion along the rotation axis, overlaps the main body in the first state, and is separated from the main body in the second state, wherein the restricting member is provided on the main plate; and

a stopper portion protruding from the outer shell of the main body to restrict a rotation range of the main plate of the cover member with respect to the main body in the second state in which the connection target is released.

US Pat. No. 11,114,788

PCB DIRECT CONNECTOR HAVING TWO-ROW TERMINAL STRUCTURE

LG Chem, Ltd.


1. A PCB direct connector comprising:terminal members arranged in two rows to contact upper conductive patterns provided to an upper surface of a circuit board and lower conductive patterns provided to a lower surface of the circuit board, respectively;
a connector housing configured to accommodate the terminal members therein and configured to allow a connector connection portion formed at an end of a first side of the circuit board to be fitted into and released from the connector housing; and
a latch positioned on the connector housing, wherein the latch includes a hook at a first end thereof so as to be hooked to a fastening hole positioned in the circuit board,
wherein the PCB direct connector is directly mounted to the circuit board by the latch.

US Pat. No. 11,114,787

TERMINAL FOR CONNECTOR MOUNTED TO PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD AND CONNECTOR SUPPORTING SAID TERMINAL

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)


1. A connector terminal, comprising:a cable fixing unit configured to connect to a signal transmission cable;
an upper contact-pressing unit extending lengthwise in a first direction from the cable fixing unit; and
a lower contact-pressing unit extending lengthwise in the first direction parallel to the upper contact-pressing unit with a gap defining a distance between the upper contact-pressing unit and the lower contact-pressing unit in a second direction that is not parallel to the first direction,

wherein at least one of the upper contact-pressing unit or the lower contact-pressing unit is configured to be elastically movable to increase or decrease the gap, and
wherein the upper contact-pressing unit comprises:a support part integrally formed with the cable fixing unit; and
an elastic displacing part connected to the support part by at least one elastic member, wherein the elastic member is configured to apply an elastic restoring force on the elastic displacing part in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 11,114,786

PCB DIRECT CONNECTOR

LG Chem, Ltd.


1. A printed circuit board (PCB) direct connector, wherein the PCB direct connector is directly mounted to a circuit board, the PCB direct connector comprising:a plurality of terminal members, each terminal member having a pair of contact portions configured to elastically contact an upper surface and a lower surface of the circuit board, respectively, such that the terminal member is electrically connected to conductive patterns disposed on at least one of the upper surface and the lower surface; and
a connector housing configured to accommodate the terminal members therein and to allow a portion of an end of the circuit board to be fitted into and released from the connector housing wherein the connector housing includes:a lower plate; and
a first upper plate;
a second upper plate, wherein front portions of the first and second upper plates are spaced apart from the lower plate by at least a thickness of the circuit board so that the portion of the end of the circuit board is capable of being inserted between the lower plate and the first and second upper plates to a predetermined depth; and
a latch positioned on an upper surface of the lower plate and between the first upper plate and the second upper plate.


US Pat. No. 11,114,785

CONNECTOR

DONGGUAN LUXSHARE TECHNOL...


1. A connector, comprising:a connector body comprising an electrical connection slot, a circuit board slot, and a wiring slot; the electrical connection slot is disposed at one end of the connector body; the circuit board slot and the wiring slot are disposed at the other end of the connector body; the electrical connection slot respectively communicates with the circuit board slot and the wiring slot;
a plurality of signal terminals disposed on the sidewall of the electrical connection slot; one end of each of the plurality of signal terminals away from the electrical connection slot is disposed in the circuit board slot;
a plurality of wiring terminals disposed on the sidewall of the electrical connection slot; the plurality of wiring terminals corresponds to the plurality of signal terminals, respectively; one end of each of the plurality of wiring terminals away from the electrical connection slot extends toward the wiring slot; and
a circuit board comprising a circuit board body and a plurality of conductive pads disposed on the circuit board body; the circuit board is inserted into the circuit board slot; the plurality of conductive pads is respectively in contact with the corresponding signal terminals.

US Pat. No. 11,114,784

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR STRUCTURE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...


1. A connector structure configured to electrically connect an electrical component to a circuit board, the connector structure comprising:a female connector secured to the circuit board; and
a male terminal extending from the electrical component and inserted into the female connector,
wherein
the female connector comprises:a connector housing secured to the circuit board;
a connector-side terminal located within the connector housing and including a female contact configured to receive the male terminal; and
a contact sleeve located within the connector housing and secured to the female contact,

the female contact is displaceable within the connector housing, andthe male terminal is elastically deformed so as to press the contact sleeve against a frictional inner surface of the connector housing by a restoring force of the male terminal.


US Pat. No. 11,114,783

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INCORPORATING AN INLINE INDUCTOR INTO A CONNECTOR

Rockwell Automation Techn...


1. A multi-drop cable for communicatively coupling a plurality of industrial automation components, the multi-drop cable comprising:a first transmission line and a second transmission line, wherein the first and second transmission lines are associated with a first pair of differential transmission lines; and
an electrical connector, wherein the electrical connector comprises: a printed circuit board (PCB) layer;
a first input pin configured to electrically couple to the first transmission line;
a first output pin configured to electrically couple to the second transmission line, wherein the first input pin is configured to electrically couple to the first output pin such that a first signal from the first transmission line is transposed to the second transmission line;
a second input pin configured to electrically couple to the second transmission line; and
a second output pin configured to electrically couple to the first transmission line, wherein the second input pin is configured to electrically couple to the second output pin such that a second signal from the second transmission line is transposed to the first transmission line;
wherein the PCB layer comprises a first inductor configured to electrically couple between the first input pin and the first output pin;
wherein the first inductor is planar and comprises a conductor disposed in a spiral shape.

US Pat. No. 11,114,782

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING CIRCUIT BOARD STRUCTURE

Unimicron Technology Corp...


1. A method of manufacturing circuit board structure, comprising:providing a first flexible circuit board and a second flexible circuit board, the first flexible circuit board comprising a first dielectric layer and a first conductive circuit on the first dielectric layer, the second flexible circuit board comprising a second dielectric layer and a second conductive circuit on the second dielectric layer, wherein the first dielectric layer has a first dielectric loss value, and the second dielectric layer has a second dielectric loss value;
disposing a rigid board structure connecting the first flexible circuit board and the second flexible circuit board, wherein the rigid board structure comprises:a third dielectric layer having a third dielectric loss value less than each of the first dielectric loss value and the second dielectric loss value, wherein the third dielectric loss value ranges from 0.001 to 0.002;
a first metal layer on the third dielectric layer; and
a first hole and a second hole both in the third dielectric layer and penetrating through the first metal layer to respectively expose the first conductive circuit and the second conductive circuit;

respectively forming a first conductive plug and a second conductive plug in the first hole and the second hole, the first conductive plug and the second conductive plug respectively connecting the first conductive circuit and the second conductive circuit;
patterning the first metal layer to form a first patterned metal layer;
forming a fourth dielectric layer and a second metal layer on the first patterned metal layer, wherein the fourth dielectric layer is located between the first patterned metal layer and the second metal layer;
forming a plurality of third holes penetrating through the fourth dielectric layer and the second metal layer to expose the first patterned metal layer;
forming a plurality of third conductive plugs filling the third holes; and
patterning the second metal layer to form a second patterned metal layer.

US Pat. No. 11,114,781

SEALED FLEXIBLE PRINTED CIRCUIT CONNECTOR

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...


1. A connector comprising:a plurality of contacts, each having a contacting portion at a first end;
a housing having a top surface, the top surface having one or more openings, the contacting portion for each of the plurality of contacts extending through the one or more openings and above the top surface;
a gasket on the top surface of the housing and laterally surrounding the one or more openings in the top surface;
a shell having a first arm extending along a first side and a second arm extending along a second side, the first arm terminating in a first prong, the second arm terminating in a second prong, the first prong and the second prong near a front of the connector, the shell further comprising a first raised portion; and
a cover having a first arm, the first arm having a first dimple to fit in a first detent on a first side of the housing and a second arm, the second arm having a second dimple to fit in a second detent on the second side of the housing, the cover further having a first tab to fit under the first prong of the shell when the cover is in a locked position and a second tab to fit under the second prong of the shell when the cover is in the locked position, the cover further having a first extension to fit under the first raised portion when the cover is in the locked position.

US Pat. No. 11,114,780

ELECTRONIC MODULE WITH AN ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE PRESS-FIT TERMINAL HAVING A PRESS-FIT SECTION

Infineon Technologies AG,...


1. A method, comprising:providing an electronic module comprising an electrically conductive press-fit terminal, the electrically conductive press-fit terminal comprising a press-fit section;
providing an electric part comprising a contact hole, the press-fit section having a maximum lateral dimension greater than a minimum lateral width of the contact hole as measured in a same lateral direction as the maximum lateral dimension of the press-fit section; and
pressing the press-fit section into the contact hole such that the press-fit section plastically deforms, and both mechanically and electrically contacts the electric part,
wherein the press-fit section comprises a first leg, a second leg, a protrusion, and a recess opposite the protrusion.

US Pat. No. 11,114,779

TERMINAL BASE AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTION STRUCTURE OF DEVICES

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...


1. A terminal base comprising:a plurality of terminals configured to electrically connect a first device and a second device to each other, each of the plurality of terminals being electrically conductive; and
a housing configured to hold the plurality of terminals, the housing being made of an electrically insulating resin,
wherein each of the plurality of terminals comprises a first connection portion exposed to an outside of the housing so as to be connected to the first device, a second connection portion exposed to the outside of the housing so as to be connected to the second device, and an insert portion insert-molded in the housing,
wherein the insert portion has a solid cylindrical shape or a hollow cylindrical shape,
wherein the insert portion comprises a surface processed portion over an entire circumference of an outer surface of the insert portion, and
wherein the surface processed portion is formed by laser processing and is formed in a shape having minute irregularities.

US Pat. No. 11,114,778

CABLE CONNECTOR TO PCB INTERCONNECT

Tektronix, Inc., Beavert...


1. A device, comprising:a coaxial connector, the coaxial connector including:a signal portion configured to electrically couple with a signal portion of a printed circuit board (PCB) to enable transmission of a signal therebetween,
a ground portion configured to electrically couple with a ground portion of the PCB to establish a common ground therebetween, and
at least one mounting portion each of which is configured to interact with a mounting component to secure the coaxial connector to the PCB;

a compressible and conductive component configured to be positioned and deformed between the ground portion of the coaxial connector and the ground portion of the PCB; and
a standoff positioned between the coaxial connector and the PCB and configured to accurately control deformation of the compressible and conductive component.

US Pat. No. 11,114,777

BATTERY CLAMP DEVICE

THE NOCO COMPANY, Glenwi...


1. A battery clamp device, comprising:a first inner metal battery clamp member having a handle portion and a clamp portion;
a second inner metal battery clamp member having a handle portion and a clamp portion;
a first outer insulating battery clamp member having a handle portion and a clamp portion connected to the first inner metal battery clamp;
a second outer insulating battery clamp member having a handle portion and a clamp portion connected to the second inner metal battery clamp;
a pivot pin pivotally connecting the first inner metal battery clamp member to the second inner metal battery clamp member; and
a battery cable connector connected to an inner side at least one of the first inner metal battery clamp member and the second inner metal battery clamp member, the battery cable connector being a metal plate having a threaded hole,
wherein the metal plate is oriented to allow a user's fingers or a tool to align with a threaded fastener for tightening or loosening the threaded fastener without mechanical interference from handle portions of the battery clamp device,
wherein the first inner metal battery clamp member having the handle portion and the clamp portion nests within at least a portion of the first outer insulating battery clamp member having the handle portion and the clamp portion connected to the first inner metal battery clamp,
wherein a second inner metal battery clamp member having a handle portion and a clamp portion nests within at least a portion of the second outer insulating battery clamp member having the handle portion and the clamp portion connected to the second inner metal battery clamp,
wherein the first outer insulating battery clamp member snap fits onto the first inner metal battery clamp member,
wherein the second outer insulating battery clamp member snap fits onto the second inner metal battery clamp member,
wherein the first outer insulation battery clamp member comprises a snap fit protrusion snap fitting into a slot provided in the first inner metal battery clamp member, and
wherein the second outer insulation battery clamp member comprises a snap fit protrusion snap fitting into a slot provided in the second inner metal battery clamp member.

US Pat. No. 11,114,776

METHOD FOR CONNECTING CONDUCTIVE FABRIC TO WIRE

JOYSON SAFETY SYSTEMS ACQ...


1. A method of connecting wire to conductive fabric, the method comprising:providing a conductive fabric having a main portion and a protrusion extending from the main portion and at least partially along a protrusion central axis, the protrusion having a distal edge spaced apart from the main portion and side edges that extend between the main portion and the distal edge;
placing a wire along at least a portion of the protrusion, the wire having a first end and a second end opposite the first end;
folding the distal edge of the protrusion one or more times to form a folded portion of the protrusion such that the protrusion is folded over the wire; and
after folding the distal edge, securing the folded portion of the protrusion with a securing device.

US Pat. No. 11,114,775

CONTACTING DEVICE FOR CONTACTING A SHIELDING CONDUCTOR OF AN ELECTRICAL LINE WITH A GROUNDING SECTION


1. A contacting device for contacting a shielding conductor of an electrical line with a grounding portion, comprising:a housing which encloses a receptacle space into which the electrical line comprising the shielding conductor is insertable, the housing being attachable to the grounding portion such that the grounding portion extends in the receptacle space; and
a spring element which is arranged on the housing so as to be pivotable about a pivot axis from an open position into a clamping position, in order, in the clamping position, to contact the shielding conductor of the electrical line inserted into the receptacle space with the grounding portion to which the housing is attached,
wherein the spring element has an actuating leg which is pivotally mounted on the housing, and a clamping leg which is bent towards the actuating leg and is configured to be brought into clamping abutment with the shielding conductor of the electrical line inserted into the receptacle space,
wherein the actuating leg has at least one latching leg at an end portion remote from the clamping leg configured to provide a latching connection to at least one latching projection of the housing in the clamping position,
wherein the contacting device further comprises a tool engagement feature arranged at the end portion of the actuating leg, the tool engagement feature being configured to release the spring element from the clamping position,
wherein the housing has two parallel side walls which are mutually spaced in a transverse direction and between which the receptacle space is formed, and a base which interconnects the side walls,
wherein the shielding conductor of the electrical line is insertable into the housing such that the shielding conductor extends along a longitudinal axis between the side walls through the receptacle space, and
wherein the shielding conductor of the electrical line is insertable into the receptacle space in an insertion direction transversely to the longitudinal axis and transversely to the transverse direction.

US Pat. No. 11,114,774

DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....


1. A display device comprising:a display panel;
a flexible primed circuit board electrically connected to the display panel a first pad disposed on the display panel;
a second pad disposed on the flexible printed circuit board and overlapping the first pad; and
a first anisotropic conductive film disposed between the first pad and the second pad, the first anisotropic conductive film configured to bond the first pad to the second pad;
wherein the first anisotropic conductive film includes a conductive polymer, and
the first anisotropic conductive film includes a first conductive region that is configured to electrically connect the first pad and the second pad and a first insulating region, and
wherein the first conductive region includes trans-polyacetylene, and
the first insulating, region includes cis-polyacetylene.

US Pat. No. 11,114,772

DUAL POLARIZED OMNI-DIRECTIONAL ANTENNA AND BASE STATION INCLUDING SAME

KMW INC., Hwaseong-si (K...


1. A dual polarized omni-directional antenna, comprising:a plurality of radiating elements disposed to be spaced apart in one direction; and
a feed line for providing a feed signal to the plurality of radiating elements,
wherein the plurality of radiating elements comprise a first radiator for generating one polarization of dual polarization, and a second radiator for generating the other polarization of the dual polarization, respectively,
wherein the first radiator is prepared on a first surface, and the second radiator is prepared on a second surface, and
wherein a main lobe direction of the first radiator and a main lobe direction of the second radiator are different directions from each other,
wherein the dual polarized omni-directional antenna further comprises a feed plate on which a feed pattern has been formed so as to feed the first radiator and the second radiator, respectively, and
wherein the feed plate comprises:
a support layer having the feed pattern formed on an upper surface thereof; and
a ground layer formed on a lower surface of the support layer, and on which a ground pattern has been formed,
wherein an inner conductor of the feed lime penetrates the feed plate td be electrically connected with the feed pattern, and
wherein an outer conductor of the feed line is electrically connected with the ground pattern.

US Pat. No. 11,114,771

ANTENNA DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...


1. An electronic device comprising:a multiple layer circuit board;
a plurality of first radiating bodies attached to a side surface of the multiple layer circuit board in a direction along an edge between the side surface and a top surface of the multiple layer circuit board; and
a plurality of second radiating bodies, wherein at least a part of a second radiating body of the second radiating bodies is attached to the top surface of the multiple layer circuit board, and the second radiating bodies are attached in the direction along the edge,
wherein a first radiating body of the first radiating bodies transmits and receives a first polarized signal, and
wherein the second radiating body transmits and receives a second polarized signal which is orthogonal to the first polarized signal.

US Pat. No. 11,114,770

ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING THE SAME

Shenzhen Next Generation ...


1. An antenna structure comprising:a plurality of first antenna units; and
a plurality of second antenna units, each of the second antenna units is positioned adjacent the first antenna units, each of the first antenna units and each of the second antenna units is restricted to emit a radio beam in a single polarization direction, the first antenna unit emits radio waves in a first polarization direction, the second antenna unit emits radio waves in a second polarization direction; wherein the first polarization direction is perpendicular to the second polarization direction;
wherein each of the first antenna unit comprises a first antenna, each of the first antennas comprises a main body, and a first end of the main body portion defines two notches configured for increasing a bandwidth of the first antenna.

US Pat. No. 11,114,769

ANTENNA INCLUDING CONDUCTIVE PATTERN AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING ANTENNA

Samsung Electronics Co., ...


12. An electronic device comprising:a housing including:a first plate,
a second plate facing away from the first plate, and
a side member surrounding a space between the first plate and the second plate, connected to the second plate or integrally formed with the second plate, and including a conductive material;

an injection-molding material disposed in the space between the first plate and the second plate in the housing and formed of a non-conductive material;
an antenna module including a plurality of conductive radiators and supported by the injection-molding material, wherein at least a partial conductive radiator of the plurality of conductive radiators is disposed to transmit and/or receive a signal through the second plate; and
a conductive pattern disposed on a first surface adjacent to the second plate of the injection-molding material or disposed inside the injection-molding material and disposed adjacent to at least a part of an edge of the antenna module corresponding to a boundary between the antenna module and the injection-molding material when viewed from the second plate in a direction of the first plate.

US Pat. No. 11,114,768

MULTIBEAM ANTENNA DESIGNS AND OPERATION

Cohere Technologies, Inc....


1. An antenna system, comprising:a multibeam lens antenna having a radiation-side curved surface and a feed reception surface, the lens antenna structured to focus radio frequency (RF) radiations entering from the radiation-side curved surface on a focal point located at the feed reception surface; and
antenna elements positioned at or near the focal point, the antenna elements being separated from each other by a one-half integer multiple of a center wavelength of a frequency band of operation, wherein each of the antenna elements is communicatively coupled to at least one RF transmit chain and at least one RF receive chain, and each of the antenna elements being able to transmit and/or receive data from the at least one RF transmit chain according to a transmission scheme of the frequency band of operation;
wherein the communicative coupling of each antenna element to the at least one RF transmit chain and the at least one RF receive chain includes an attenuation factor that causes beams emitted from the antenna elements to undergo a windowing operation when emanating from the antenna system;
wherein the antenna elements are configured to operate in 3 GHz and 5 GHz cellular frequency bands.

US Pat. No. 11,114,767

TILED REFLECTOR FOR FIXED WIRELESS APPLICATIONS


1. A directed reflect array, comprising:a substrate; and
a plurality of reflective tiles of different dimensions disposed on the substrate, wherein the plurality of reflective tiles are individually arranged to produce a directed radiation pattern that is directed toward a target reflection point based at least on a reflection phase of one or more reflective tiles in the plurality of reflective tiles.

US Pat. No. 11,114,766

TAPERED SLOT ANTENNA

IXI Technology Holdings, ...


1. A tapered slot antenna, comprising:a cavity disposed proximate to a bottom of the tapered slot antenna;
a first antenna flange disposed on a first half of the tapered slot antenna, the first antenna flange tapering from a greater flange width proximate to a top of the tapered slot antenna to a lesser flange width proximate to the cavity;
a second antenna flange disposed on a second half of the antenna and electrically coupled to the first antenna flange, the second antenna flange tapering from the greater flange width proximate to the top of the tapered slot antenna to the lesser flange width proximate to the cavity;
a tapered slot disposed approximately equidistant between the first and second antenna flanges, and extending from the cavity to the top of the tapered slot antenna;
a first current wing disposed on the first half of the antenna and electrically coupled to the first and second antenna flanges, a first flange gap being disposed between the first antenna flange and the first current wing; and
a second current wing disposed on the second half of the antenna, the second current wing being electrically coupled to the first current wing and the first and second antenna flanges, a second flange gap being disposed between the second antenna flange and the second current wing;
wherein first and second sidewalls disposed on the first and second halves of the tapered slot antenna, respectively, taper from a greater antenna width proximate to the top of the tapered slot antenna to a lesser antenna width proximate to the bottom of the tapered slot antenna.

US Pat. No. 11,114,765

DIPOLE ANTENNA STRUCTURE

SHENZHEN ANTOP TECHNOLOGY...


1. A dipole antenna structure, comprising:a planar antenna element; and
a reflection plate,
wherein the reflection plate is directly under the planar antenna element, the planar antenna element includes a main radiator and secondary radiators, the main radiator is a rectangular metal sheet in which a rectangular opening and two convex portions are provided, a gap is provided between the two convex portions which bisect the rectangular opening into two rectangular portions of equal size, the gap connects the two rectangular portions, and the secondary radiators are arranged on short sides of the planar antenna element, and
wherein the secondary radiators include four L-shaped radiators each of which extends outwardly from four ends of the short sides respectively and bends and extends toward a central axis of a short side to form an L-shaped structure.

US Pat. No. 11,114,764

ANTENNA MODULE

AMOTECH CO., LTD., Inche...


1. An antenna module, comprising:a magnetic sheet having a first region, a second region, and a third region;
a first antenna resonating in a first frequency band, and located to be biased to the first region of the magnetic sheet; and
a second antenna spaced apart from the first antenna to resonate in a second frequency band, and located to be biased to the third region of the magnetic sheet,
wherein the first antenna comprisesa first circuit board where a first radiation pattern is located;
a second circuit board where a second radiation pattern is located; and
a first adhesion layer interposed between the first circuit board and the second circuit board,

wherein the first adhesion layer forms a receiving space formed in a pocket shape, the pocket shape having one side opened to receive the magnetic sheet, and
wherein the first region of the magnetic sheet inserted into the receiving space through the one side of the pocket shape.

US Pat. No. 11,114,763

HIGH GAIN AND LARGE BANDWIDTH ANTENNA INCORPORATING A BUILT-IN DIFFERENTIAL FEEDING SCHEME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...


1. A base station, comprising:an radio frequency (RF) transceiver configured to provide RF signals to be transmitted; and
an antenna array configured to radiate the RF signals, the antenna array comprising a sub-array, wherein the sub-array comprises:a first transmission line,
a second transmission line;
vertical feeds;
a first antenna element that includes horizontal feeds; and
a second antenna element that includes horizontal feeds,

wherein the first transmission line and the second transmission line are connected with the horizontal feeds of the first antenna element and of the second antenna element via the vertical feeds,
wherein the first transmission line feeds two vertical feeds that correspond to the first antenna element and feeds two vertical feeds that correspond to the second antenna element, and
wherein the second transmission line feeds two vertical feeds that correspond to the first antenna element and feeds two vertical feeds that correspond to the second antenna element.

US Pat. No. 11,114,762

METHOD OF OUTPUTTING A SIGNAL USING AN ANTENNA DISPOSED ADJACENT TO A CONDUCTIVE MEMBER OF A CONNECTOR AND AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...


1. An electronic device, comprising:a first housing forming a portion of an outside surface of the electronic device;
a second housing coupled with the first housing and forming another portion of the outside surface of the electronic device;
an antenna formed in at least a portion of the second housing and connected with a feeding circuit for wireless communication;
a universal serial bus (USB) connector including one or more connection pins for connection with an external device, at least a portion of an outside surface of the USB connector being formed of a conductive member;
an adjusting circuit electrically connected to the portion of the outside surface of the USB connector formed of the conductive member via a first capacitor and connected directly to at least one ground of the electronic device; and
a processor configured to:control an impedance of the adjusting circuit based on a signal to be output through the antenna, and
output the signal through the antenna, with the impedance of the adjusting circuit being controlled.


US Pat. No. 11,114,761

ANTENNA WITH PARTIALLY SATURATED DISPERSIVE FERROMAGNETIC SUBSTRATE

TDF, Montrouge (FR) UNIV...


1. Antenna adapted to receive or emit at least one working frequency comprised in a kilometric (30-300 kHz), hectometric (0.3-3 MHz), decametric (3-30 MHz) and metric (30-300 MHz) band of frequencies, comprising:at least two non-ferrous metal plates extending mainly according to a horizontal plane, at least one first plate forming a radiating portion and a second plate forming a mass plane,
at least one substrate extending mainly according to a horizontal plane, arranged between the mass plane and the radiating portion,
an excitor of length at least equal to the thickness of the substrate, extending between the mass plane and the radiating portion and connected to the radiating portion, and adapted to supply the antenna,
said antenna wherein the substrate is a dispersive ferromagnetic substrate, called dispersive ferrite, presenting at said at least one working frequency, as magnetic features, a high relative magnetic permeability comprised between 10 and 10,000 and a high magnetic loss tangent greater than 0.1, said antenna comprising local modification means of the magnetic features of the dispersive ferrite, such that the relative magnetic permeability and the magnetic losses of the dispersive ferrite are reduced gradually and locally.

US Pat. No. 11,114,760

MAGNETIC SHUTTER ANTENNA

The Regents of the Univer...


1. A magnetic shutter antenna comprising:at least one dipole magnet comprising a first end and a second end;
at least one shutter of magnetically soft material comprising at least one opening and disposed proximate the first end of the at least one dipole magnet; and
a motor coupled to the shutter, the motor configured to move the shutter between a first closed position comprising the magnetic material being positioned adjacent the first end of the dipole magnet and a second open configuration comprising the opening being positioned adjacent the first end of the dipole magnet,
wherein alternation between the first closed position and the second open position modulates a magnetic flux emitting from the first end of the at least one dipole magnet.

US Pat. No. 11,114,759

BEAMFORMING CIRCUIT FOR MULTIPLE ANTENNAS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...


1. An apparatus for multi-antenna wireless communication, comprising:a first layer 2-dimensional (2D) Butler matrix having first layer input ports and first layer output ports;
a second layer 2D Butler matrix having second layer input ports and second layer output ports; and
a first layer to second layer switch configurable, based on a control signal applied to a control input pin of the first layer to second layer switch, to selectively connect the first layer output ports of the first layer 2D Butler matrix to at least a subset of the second layer input ports of the second layer 2D Butler matrix.

US Pat. No. 11,114,758

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR USING A BEAM-FORMING NETWORK IN CONJUNCTION WITH MAXIMAL-RATIO-COMBINING TECHNIQUES

GO NET SYSTEMS LTD, Tel-...


1. A wireless communication system for generating a plurality of transmission beams via an antenna array using combined capabilities of at least two radio frequency beamforming networks, said system comprising:an antenna array comprising two or more antennas, at least one of said two or more antennas being a cross-polarized antenna comprising a first-polarity antenna segment with associated input and a second-polarity antenna segment with associated input;
a first transmission (Tx) beamforming network comprising two or more array Tx ports, each of said array ports being connected to a different polarity input of at least one of said antennas;
wherein one of said array Tx ports of said first beamforming network is connected to said at least one cross-polarized antenna via said first-polarity input, and a second array Tx port of said first beamforming network is connected to said at least one cross-polarized antenna via a said second-polarity input such that said first beam forming network generates a first Tx beam in a first direction through said first polarity segment and a second Tx beam in a second direction through said second polarity antenna segment; and
wherein a second beamforming network is configured to generate one or more Tx beams through said antenna array using either the first or the second polarity inputs.

US Pat. No. 11,114,757

EMBEDDED ANTENNA ARRAY METROLOGY SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...


17. A phased antenna array comprising:an antenna array testing circuit integrated in an integrated circuit of the phased antenna array;
a plurality of antenna elements; and
a plurality of memory registers of the antenna array testing circuit configured to:store, for each antenna element of the plurality of antenna elements of the phased antenna array, a corresponding antenna element identifier (ID);
store a testing step identifier (ID) indicative of a testing step of a sequence of testing steps,

a testing sequence generation logic integrated in the integrated circuit of the phased antenna army and configured to determine, for each antenna element of the plurality of antenna elements of the phased antenna array, using a combination of the corresponding antenna element ID and the testing step ID, a corresponding testing signal indicative of a testing state of the antenna element during the testing step indicated by the testing step ID; and
a testing control logic integrated in the integrated circuit of the phased antenna array and configured to cause, each antenna element of the plurality of antenna elements of the phased antenna array, to be configured according to the corresponding testing signal during the testing step indicated by the testing step ID;
wherein testing signals generated by the testing sequence generation logic and indicative of testing states of the plurality of antenna elements across the sequence of testing steps represent a testing matrix.

US Pat. No. 11,114,756

ANTENNA SYSTEM

WISTRON CORP., New Taipe...


1. An antenna system, comprising:a first antenna;
a second antenna;
an isolation metal element, disposed between the first antenna and the second antenna;
a third antenna, defining a notch region, wherein the second antenna at least partially extends into the notch region, and a distance between the third antenna and the second antenna is from 1 mm to 10 mm; and
a nonconductive support element, wherein the first antenna, the second antenna, the third antenna, and the isolation metal element are disposed on the nonconductive support element.

US Pat. No. 11,114,755

ANTENNA DEVICE WITH RADOME

DENSO TEN Limited, Kobe ...


1. An antenna device comprising:a substrate at which a transmission antenna and a reception antenna are provided; and
a radome provided facing the substrate,
wherein the radome comprises:
a transmission side radome facing the transmission antenna; and
a reception side radome facing the reception antenna, and
wherein a region in which a gain is increased as compared with a case in which the radome is not provided in a beam pattern in a plane of the transmission antenna including a predetermined direction and a region in which a gain is increased as compared with a case in which the radome is not provided in a beam pattern in the plane of the reception antenna are at different angular positions, and
wherein the beam pattern of the transmission antenna has, at an angular position on one side with respect to a main lobe, a first change region in which a gain is increased as compared with the case in which the radome is not provided, and
wherein the beam pattern of the reception antenna has, at an angular position on other side with respect to the main lobe, a second change region in which a gain is increased as compared with the case in which the radome is not provided.

US Pat. No. 11,114,754

RADAR ANTENNA DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SHIELDING A RADAR ANTENNA DEVICE

TMT TAPPING-MEASURING-TEC...


1. A radar antenna device (16) having an antenna arrangement (19) that is accommodated in a housing (17) and is provided with a protective plate (20) for being separated with respect to a furnace atmosphere formed within a furnace chamber, said protective plate (20) being disposed on the housing, characterized in that a radar-transparent limp material layer (21) comprising pores (30) is disposed as a shield at a distance upstream of the protective plate (20) in such a manner that a space (23) which is separated by the material layer (21) is formed with respect to the furnace chamber, a fluid line (24) opening into said space (23) for applying a fluid flow (26) to the material layer (21), wherein the radar-transparent material layer (21) has a fabric structure (33).

US Pat. No. 11,114,753

ANTENNA WINDOWS FOR BASE COVERS

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A base cover for a lower housing of a convertible device, comprising:a metal body; and
an antenna window attached to the metal body, wherein the antenna window comprises:a non-metallic structure; and
a metallic structure disposed within the non-metallic structure such that the metallic structure corresponds to an antenna slot defined in an upper housing of the convertible device, wherein the metallic structure is a protrusion that protrudes from the metal body, and wherein the non-metallic structure is attached to the protrusion to form the antenna window.


US Pat. No. 11,114,752

THREE-DIMENSIONAL ANTENNA APPARATUS HAVING AT LEAST ONE ADDITIONAL RADIATOR

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...


1. An antenna apparatus, comprising:a substrate extending in a substrate plane,
wherein the substrate comprises a first side and an opposite second side, wherein a first antenna is arranged on the first side of the substrate, and
a three-dimensional shape structure arranged on the first side and extending out of the substrate plane and across the first antenna so that the first antenna is arranged between the substrate and the three-dimensional shape structure, and
wherein a second antenna is arranged on the three-dimensional shape structure.

US Pat. No. 11,114,751

SMALL CELL INSTALLATION STRUCTURE

EasyStreet Systems, Inc.,...


1. A small cell installation structure, comprising:a carbon fiber skeleton to provide stability and an attachable framework to mount wireless technology equipment;
a formable foam material configured as a formable aesthetic housing around the carbon fiber skeleton; and
a hardened polymer coating over the formable foam material adapted to a shape of the formable aesthetic housing, the hardened polymer coating configured to resist environmental conditions that may otherwise hamper performance of the wireless technology equipment.

US Pat. No. 11,114,750

SATELLITE ANTENNA HAVING FIDUCIAL DEVICES FOR COMPENSATING PHYSICAL DISTORTION AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

EAGLE TECHNOLOGY, LLC, M...


1. An antenna for a satellite comprising:first and second extensible booms, each configured to extend outwardly from the satellite in opposite directions from a stored position to a deployed position;
a first set of ribs carried by the first extensible boom and a second set of ribs carried by the second extensible boom, the first and second sets of ribs configured to be in spaced apart relation when the first and second extensible booms are in the deployed position;
a Radio Frequency (RF) reflective film carried by the first and second sets of ribs to define a curved RF reflector surface;
a first set of phased array antenna feeds carried by the first extensible boom and a second set of phased array antenna feeds carried by the second extensible boom, the first and second sets of phased array antenna feeds directed toward the RF reflective film;
a first set of fiducial devices carried by the first set of ribs and a second set of fiducial devices carried by the second set of ribs;
at least one camera directed toward the first and second sets of fiducial devices to sense a physical distortion of the RF reflective film; and
a controller cooperating with the at least one camera to operate the first and second sets of phased array antenna feeds to account for sensed physical distortion of the RF reflective film.

US Pat. No. 11,114,749

COMMUNICATION APPARATUS AND METHOD, ANTENNA APPARATUS, AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...


1. A communication apparatus that performs wireless communication via an antenna element, the communication apparatus comprising:detection circuitry configured to detect a coupled antenna element positioned in the vicinity of the communication apparatus;
a controller configured to control adaptation of impedance on the basis of a detection result of the coupled antenna element by the detection circuitry;
adaptation circuitry configured to adapt the impedance on the basis of control of the controller; and
communication circuitry configured to perform wireless communication via the antenna element whose impedance has been adapted by the adaptation circuitry,
wherein the detection circuitry includes a surrounding environment sensor separate from the antenna element, the surrounding environment sensor being configured to wirelessly determine that the coupled antenna element is positioned in the vicinity of the communication apparatus when a change in a wireless parameter of an environment around the communication apparatus is detected.

US Pat. No. 11,114,748

FLEXIBLE PRINTED CIRCUIT STRUCTURES FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICE ANTENNAS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...


1. An electronic device comprising:peripheral conductive housing structures;
a first antenna having a resonating element arm formed from a segment of the peripheral conductive structures and having an antenna feed coupled to the resonating element arm;
a flexible printed circuit substrate coupled to the peripheral conductive housing structures;
a radio-frequency transmission line on the flexible printed circuit substrate and coupled to the antenna feed, the radio-frequency transmission line being configured to convey radio-frequency signals for the first antenna;
a second antenna on the flexible printed circuit substrate, wherein the second antenna is configured to radiate in a cellular ultra-high band; and
a third antenna on the flexible printed circuit substrate, wherein the third antenna is configured to radiate in an ultra-wideband communications band.

US Pat. No. 11,114,747

ANTENNA INCLUDING CONDUCTIVE PATTERN AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...


1. An electronic device comprising:a housing including a first plate, a second plate facing away from the first plate, and a side member surrounding a space between the first plate and the second plate;
a first printed circuit board (PCB) disposed in parallel with the first plate in the space between the first plate and the second plate, and including a first face facing the first plate and a second face facing the second plate;
at least one conductive plate formed on the second face;
a first conductive pattern embedded in the first PCB and disposed to be closer to a portion of the side member than the conductive plate when viewed from above the first plate;
a first wireless communication circuit mounted on a first face of the first PCB, electrically coupled to the conductive plate and the first conductive pattern, and configured to perform at least one of transmission and reception of a signal having a frequency in the range of about 6 GHz to 100 GHz;
a dielectric structure disposed on the first face between the conductive plate and the side member when viewed from above the first plate;
a second conductive pattern constructed on one face of the dielectric structure or embedded at least partially inside thereof; and
a second wireless communication circuit electrically coupled to the second conductive pattern and configured to perform at least one of transmission and reception of a signal having a frequency in the range of about 0.5 GHz to 6 GHz.

US Pat. No. 11,114,746

TERMINAL

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...


1. A terminal, comprising:a printed circuit board;
a conductive substrate disposed opposite to and separate from the printed circuit board, wherein the conductive substrate comprises a first slot disposed as an opening within the conductive substrate in a direction from a first side edge of the conductive substrate to a center of the conductive substrate, and wherein a projection of the printed circuit board on the conductive substrate is located inside the conductive substrate; and
a first feeder disposed inside the first slot in the opening within the conductive substrate, wherein a first connection end of the first feeder is coupled to a lap joint of the first side edge, wherein a second connection end of the first feeder is coupled to a first feeding source on the printed circuit board, and wherein projections of the lap joint of the first side edge and the first feeding source on the conductive substrate are located on two sides of the first slot.

US Pat. No. 11,114,745

ANTENNA PACKAGE FOR SIGNAL TRANSMISSION

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...


8. An antenna package, comprising:a dielectric layer;
antenna region structures, wherein each of the antenna region structures comprises:one or more through interposer via walls (TIV-walls); and
one or more TIV-gratings, wherein a bottom surface of the one or more TIV-gratings is in contact with a top surface of the dielectric layer;

a die attached to the dielectric layer and adjacent to the antenna region structures;
a molding compound disposed between the die and each of the antenna region structures; and
an interconnect layer disposed on the die and the antenna region structures.

US Pat. No. 11,114,744

ANTENNA HAVING SINGLE NON-CONDUCTIVE PORTION AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...


1. An electronic device comprising:a foldable housing including:a hinge structure;

a first housing structure connected to the hinge structure and including:a first surface facing in a first direction,
a second surface facing in a second direction opposite to the first direction, and
a first side member,

wherein the first side member encloses at least a portion of a space between the first surface and the second surface and includes a first conductive portion, a first non-conductive portion, and a second conductive portion arranged in sequence from the hinge structure; and
a second housing structure connected to the hinge structure and foldable with the first housing structure with respect to the hinge structure, and including:a third surface facing in a third direction,
a fourth surface facing in a fourth direction opposite to the third direction, and
a second side member,

wherein the second side member encloses at least a portion of a space between the third surface and the fourth surface and includes a third conductive portion, a second non-conductive portion, a fourth conductive portion, a third non-conductive portion, and a fifth conductive portion arranged in sequence from the hinge structure, and
wherein the first surface faces the third surface in a folded state and the third direction is the same as the first direction in an unfolded state;
a flexible display extending from the first surface to the third surface;
a printed circuit board disposed between the first surface and the second surface and including at least one ground layer;
at least one wireless communication circuit disposed in the printed circuit board and including:a first electrical path carrying a first signal of a first frequency band, and
a second electrical path carrying a second signal of a second frequency band;

a first variable element including:a first terminal electrically connected to the first electrical path, a second terminal electrically connected to the at least one ground layer, and
a third terminal electrically connected to a first position of the second conductive portion; and

a second variable element including:a fourth terminal electrically connected to the second electrical path,
a fifth terminal electrically connected to the at least one ground layer, and
a sixth terminal electrically connected to a third electrical path connected to a second position of the second conductive portion, the second position being closer to the first non-conductive portion than the first position.


US Pat. No. 11,114,743

ELECTRONIC DEVICES WITH ANTENNAS

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. An enclosure of an electronic device, comprising:a first side and a second side, wherein the first side and the second side are opposite to each other;
a first slot on the first side of the enclosure, wherein the first slot is to receive a keyboard unit;
a second slot for a hinge, wherein the hinge is to couple the enclosure to a display unit; and
an antenna positioned on the second side of the enclosure, the antenna comprising an antenna holder, the antenna holder spanning within a length of the second slot and having an excitation surface facing the second slot, the excitation surface to transceive signals, and a first ground surface along a length of the antenna holder, the first ground surface having a first beveled edge, wherein the first ground surface meets the excitation surface at the first beveled edge.

US Pat. No. 11,114,742

WINDOW ANTENNAS

View, Inc., Milpitas, CA...


1. A method of monitoring the location of a device or an asset containing the device, the method comprising:(a) one or both of: (i) determining that one or more first antennas has received a first electromagnetic transmission from the device, and (ii) determining that the device has received a first electromagnetic transmission from one or more first antennas, whereinthe one or more first antennas are disposed on optically switchable windows and/or window controllers in a building;

(b) determining a first location of the device by analyzing information from reception of the first electromagnetic transmission by the one or more first antennas;
(c) after (a), determining that one or more second antennas has received a second electromagnetic transmission from the device, wherein the one or more second antennas are disposed on optically switchable windows or window controllers in the building;
(d) determining a second location of the device by analyzing information from reception of the second electromagnetic transmission by the at least one or more second antennas; and
(e) determining whether the device has crossed a virtual boundary by moving from the first location to the second location.

US Pat. No. 11,114,741

ANTENNA MODULE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE COMPRISING SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...


1. A portable communication device comprising:a front non-conductive cover;
a rear non-conductive cover including a planar surface and a curved surface extended from the planar surface;
a housing including a first side portion, and a second side portion opposite to the first side portion, the first side portion including a first conductive portion partially exposed to an outside of the portable communication device and a first non-conductive portion adjacent to the first conductive portion, the second side portion including a second conductive portion partially exposed to the outside and a second non-conductive portion adjacent to the second conductive portion;
a first antenna module accommodated in the housing and disposed adjacent to the first side portion, and the first antenna module including a first plurality of patch antennas; and
a second antenna module accommodated in the housing and disposed adjacent to the second side portion, and the second antenna module including a second plurality of patch antennas,
wherein the first plurality of patch antennas is inclined with respect to the planar surface of the rear non-conductive cover, and is configured, together, to radiate a beam toward a curved portion of the rear non-conductive cover and the first non-conductive portion, and
wherein the second plurality of patch antennas is configured, together, to radiate a beam toward at least one of the rear non-conductive cover or the second non-conductive portion.

US Pat. No. 11,114,740

COUPLING MECHANISM, COUPLING MECHANISM GROUP, AND ANTENNA DEVICE

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...


1. A coupling mechanism comprising:a plate-like member group including (i) a first plate-like member which is joined to a heat generating element and (ii) a second plate-like member which is joined to a radiator; and
a shaft member configured to hold the first plate-like member and the second plate-like member so as to allow the first plate-like member and the second plate-like member to rotate on a shared axis which is orthogonal to main surfaces of the respective first and second plate-like members, while causing a partial region of the main surface of the first plate-like member to be in plane contact with a partial region of the main surface of the second plate-like member,
wherein:
(i) the first plate-like member is a single plate-like member, the second plate-like member includes two plate-like members, and the single plate-like member is provided between the two plate-like members so as to be opposite to the two plate-like members; or
(ii) the second plate-like member is a single plate-like member, the first plate-like member includes two plate-like members, and the single plate-like member is provided between the two plate-like members so as to be opposite to the two plate-like members.

US Pat. No. 11,114,739

MITIGATING WIND DAMAGE TO WIND EXPOSED DEVICES

DISH Network L.L.C., Eng...


1. A collapsible attachment device, for use in configuring an antenna system into each of a first orientation and a third orientation, comprising:an upper mast onto which an antenna system may be affixed;
a pivot gear in association with the upper mast;
wherein the pivot gear comprises one or more detents in a curved portion of the pivot gear;
wherein one of the one or more detents provide a rotational tension force when the one of the one or more detents is engaged with a tab provided by a middle mast;
an axel around which the pivot gear may rotate; and
a downward retention force provided by one or more retention elements;
wherein when a load applied to the antenna system causes a first load force exceeding at least one of the retention force and the tension force, the collapsible attachment device is configured to facilitate rotation of the upper mast from a first orientation into a third orientation.

US Pat. No. 11,114,738

TUNABLE RESONANT CIRCUIT COMPRISING A RF RESONATOR GEOMETRY DISPOSED ON AN ACTIVE MATERIAL LAYER SUCH THAT RESONANCE CHANGES WHEN PHOTON ENERGY IS APPLIED

United States of America ...


1. A resonant circuit comprising:an active material substrate having a top face;
a busline having a single input and a single output located on the top face of the active material substrate;
a RF resonator geometry located on the top face of the active material substrate in electrical communication with the busline,
wherein application of photon energy to the active material substrate changes the resonance of the RF resonator geometry at room temperatures, and
wherein the RF resonator geometry has a gap, and wherein the photon energy is applied to the gap of the RF resonator geometry, and
wherein the RF resonator geometry comprises split ring resonators (SRRs).

US Pat. No. 11,114,737

SIMPLIFICATION OF COMPLEX WAVEGUIDE NETWORKS

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...


1. A device for directing waveguide routes, the device comprising:at least two housings attached together, the at least two housings comprising:a first housing including one or more first housing waveguide channels, wherein each of the one or more first housing waveguide channels includes a first housing input port and a first housing output port; and
a second housing configured to attach to the first housing, wherein the second housing includes one or more second housing waveguide channels, wherein each of the one or more second housing waveguide channels includes a second housing input port and a second housing output port; and

a sheet, disposed between the first housing and the second housing, the sheet being of a thickness less than any dimension of any of the one or more first housing waveguide channels and one or more second housing waveguide channels;
wherein the second housing is configured to receive a signal from the first housing input port of the one or more first housing waveguide channels;
wherein the second housing is configured to redirect the signal to the second housing output port via a first aperture in the sheet or the first housing output port via the first aperture in the sheet and a second aperture in the sheet; and
wherein a number of waveguide channels in the second housing is different than a number of waveguide channels in the first housing.

US Pat. No. 11,114,736

MULTI-CHANNEL POWER COMBINER WITH PHASE ADJUSTMENT

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...


1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a multi-channel power combiner, comprising:at least two channels, wherein each channel comprises:a phase alignment circuit comprising a plurality of PMOS transistors and NMOS transistors each having an adjustable back gate bias voltage;
at least one frequency multiplier after the phase alignment circuit; and
at least one power amplifier after the at least one frequency multiplier and configured to amplify the power of a differential output of the phase alignment circuit;


at least one back gate voltage generator configured to provide the adjustable back gate bias voltage to at least one of the transistors;
a power combiner circuit configured to combine the power of the outputs of each channel, to yield a combined output having a power;
a sensor configured to sense the power of the combined output; and
a control circuit configured to adjust the back gate bias voltage provided by the at least one back gate voltage generator, based at least in part on the power of the combined output sensed by the sensor, wherein the back gate bias voltage may be used to adjust the phase of the input signal received by the phase alignment circuit.

US Pat. No. 11,114,735

COAXIAL TO WAVEGUIDE TRANSDUCER INCLUDING AN L SHAPE WAVEGUIDE HAVING AN OBLIQUELY ARRANGED CONDUCTOR AND METHOD OF FORMING THE SAME

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...


1. A coaxial waveguide transducer comprising:a waveguide having a substantially L shape formed of a first waveguide part and a second waveguide part arranged substantially orthogonal to each other, the waveguide having one end which is on a side of the first waveguide part to which a coaxial line is connected;
a stepwise step bend part formed in an outer corner part of an L-shaped bent part of the waveguide;
a first conductor and a second conductor arranged along respective inner side walls of the first waveguide part in such a way that the first conductor and the second conductor are extended in a direction in which a central conductor of the coaxial line is extended and are positioned on a plane that is the same as a plane where the central conductor is provided; and
a third conductor having one end connected to the central conductor and another end connected to one of the first conductor and the second conductor, the third conductor being arranged obliquely with respect to the direction in which the central conductor is extended.

US Pat. No. 11,114,734

WAVEGUIDE TO PLANAR SURFACE INTEGRATED WAVEGUIDE AND PLANAR STRIPLINE TRANSITIONS

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...


1. An apparatus comprising:a substrate assembly having a first side and a second side;
a waveguide antenna element positioned on the first side of the substrate assembly;
a microstrip line positioned within the substrate assembly, wherein the waveguide antenna element overlaps the microstrip line;
a first conductive plane positioned on the first side of the substrate assembly;
a second conductive plane positioned on the second side of the substrate assembly;
a first plurality of electrical vias electrically shorting the first conductive plane and the second conductive plane; and
a second plurality of electrical vias electrically shorting the first conductive plane and the second conductive plane, wherein the first conductive plane, the second conductive plane, the first plurality of electrical vias, and the second plurality of electrical vias define a surface integrated waveguide, and wherein the microstrip line is electrically connected to the surface integrated waveguide.

US Pat. No. 11,114,733

WAVEGUIDE INTERCONNECT TRANSITIONS AND RELATED SENSOR ASSEMBLIES

Veoneer US, Inc., Southf...


1. An antenna module, comprising:an antenna block comprising one or more structures defining a first waveguide on a first surface of the antenna block and a second waveguide comprising one or more structures on a second surface of the antenna block, the first surface being distinct from the second surface such that the one or more structures of the first surface extend in a different direction with respect to the one or more structures of the second surface; and
a vertical waveguide extending from the first surface of the antenna block to the second surface of the antenna block, wherein the vertical waveguide is coupled with the first waveguide and the second waveguide, wherein the first waveguide comprises a transitional region adjacent to the vertical waveguide, wherein the transitional region is configured to facilitate redirection of electromagnetic waves from the first waveguide to the vertical waveguide.

US Pat. No. 11,114,732

WAVEGUIDE NON-REFLECTIVE TERMINATOR AND WAVEGUIDE CIRCUIT

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...


1. A waveguide non-reflective terminator, comprising:a waveguide unit whose one end is closed by a short circuit plane provided with a plurality of through holes; and
a plurality of radio wave absorbers absorbing a frequency signal being a non-reflective target in a state of being inserted through the plurality of through holes toward an inside of the waveguide unit and contacting with inner surfaces of the plurality of through holes, respectively,
wherein portions of the plurality of radio wave absorbers are exposed to an outside of the waveguide unit from the plurality of through holes and are larger than the plurality of through holes, respectively.

US Pat. No. 11,114,731

BATTERY MODULE

SAFT, Levallois-Perret (...


1. A housing-cell assembly comprising:a) an electrochemical cell comprising a cylindrical container and two current output terminals arranged on a wall of one of the ends of the container, the two current output terminals being each electrically connected to an electrical connection bar;
b) a housing having the form of a tube wherein the electrochemical cell is housed, the housing electrically insulating the electrochemical cell and having one or more foolproof positioning devices;
c) a housing cover provided with a means for causing the electrochemical cell to rotate about its longitudinal axis, wherein the means to cause the electrochemical cell to rotate causes rotation of the two electrical connection bars and connection of each electrical connection bar to an electrically conductive track, wherein the housing cover comprises two orifices for the passage of the current output terminals.

US Pat. No. 11,114,730

ACCUMULATOR BATTERY PACK, COMPRISING DEVICES FOR PASSIVE MAGNETIC BETWEEN ACCUMULATORS AND BUSBARS, AND, WHERE APPROPRIATE, PASSIVE SHUNT OF ONE OR MORE ACCUMULATORS IN CASE OF FAILURE OF THESE ONES


1. A battery pack comprising:a plurality of electrochemical batteries or accumulators, each comprising:
a housing or a flexible packaging,
a first output terminal and a second output terminal of an opposite polarity to the first output terminal;
at least one of the output terminals comprising:
an electrically conductive part,
a magnetic lock comprising a permanent magnet;at least one ferromagnetic part secured to an electrical connecting busbar, called busbar, forming a closure plate of a magnetic circuit with the magnetic lock of the output terminal;

the battery pack being configured such that:
i/ in normal operation of the accumulator, magnetic attraction force of the permanent magnet of the output terminal on the closure plate of a first busbar, in a closed magnetic circuit configuration, ensures the mechanical and electrical connection between the output terminal and the first busbar,
ii/ upon a failure of the accumulator provoking an overheating thereof, the permanent magnet of the output terminal heats up and at least to a temperature from which it loses its magnetic properties, to the point of mechanical disconnection between the output terminal and the first busbar, which causes the accumulator to drop through gravity.

US Pat. No. 11,114,729

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...


1. An energy storage device, comprising:an electrode assembly which includes an electrode converged portion; and
a current collector,
wherein the electrode converged portion includes converged current collecting foils stacked in a stacking direction,
wherein the current collector includes an electrode connecting portion connected to the electrode converged portion,
wherein the electrode connecting portion includes a first portion and a second portion which has a smaller wall thickness than the first portion and is joined to the electrode assembly,
wherein one of the second portion and the electrode converged portion includes a first convex portion projecting toward another of the second portion and the electrode converged portion in a joined portion in the stacking direction, and
wherein the another of the second portion and the electrode converged portion includes a second convex portion that projects from the another of the second portion and the electrode converged portion away from the one of the second portion and the electrode converged portion in the stacking direction.

US Pat. No. 11,114,728

HEAT APPLIED ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL SEPARATOR

Energizer Brands, LLC, S...


1. An electrochemical cell comprising:a container;
a ring-shaped cathode disposed within the container wherein the cathode includes an exterior surface in contact with the container and an interior surface surrounding a hollow interior;
an anode disposed within the hollow interior of the cathode; and
a separator positioned between the cathode and the anode,
wherein the separator has a tubular sidewall and a closed bottom end,
wherein the tubular sidewall has at least one overlapping portion defined by at least two layers of a separator sheet being positioned between the cathode and the anode,
wherein at least a portion of the separator is steamed while in place adjacent to the interior surface of the ring-shaped cathode, and
wherein at least part of the overlapping portion is heat sealed after the at least a portion of the separator is steamed, such that the at least two layers are bonded relative to one another.

US Pat. No. 11,114,727

POWER STORAGE DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...


1. A power storage device comprising:a case;
an electrode body located in the case, the electrode body having opposed first and second principal surfaces, the electrode body comprising a positive electrode, a negative electrode, and a separator located between the positive and negative electrodes;
at least one tape which extends between the first and second principal surfaces to integrate the positive electrode, the negative electrode and the separator together, edges of the at least one tape cooperating with the first principal surface of the electrode body to define a recessed portion at the first principal surface;
an electrically insulating bonding layer located in the recessed portion and bonding the electrode body to an inner surface of the case; and
an electrolyte located in the case and contacting the electrode body.

US Pat. No. 11,114,726

BATTERY BOX

Contemporary Amperex Tech...


1. A battery box, comprising:a lower box body, wherein the lower box body comprises:
a first plate, comprising: a bottom wall; a peripheral wall, which is connected to a periphery of the bottom wall and extends upward; and the bottom wall and the peripheral wall form an accommodating space opening upwards;
a second plate, which is fixed to the bottom wall from a bottom and engages with the bottom wall to form a flow passage, wherein the second plate is provided with: at least one protrusion, which protrudes from a side facing at least one reinforcing beam to the first plate and extends along a transverse direction; and at least one opening, which runs through the at least one protrusion of the second plate along a height direction and extends along the transverse direction, the at least one protrusion of the second plate being connected to the bottom wall of the first plate in a sealed manner; and
the battery box also comprises: the at least one reinforcing beam, which is arranged under the second plate and extends along the transverse direction, the at least one reinforcing beam being installed at a position corresponding to the at least one opening and being fixedly connected to the first plate and/or the second plate.

US Pat. No. 11,114,725

CAPACITANCE REDUCTION IN BATTERY SYSTEMS

WISK AERO LLC, Mountain ...


1. A method comprising:providing a battery cell;
providing a thermally insulating layer;
providing a thermally conducting layer having a surface in physical contact with the battery cell;
determining a desired capacitance for the thermally conducting layer;
determining a placement of at least one discontinuity based on the desired capacitance;
forming the at least one discontinuity on the surface of the thermally conducting layer in physical contact with the battery cell based on the desired capacitance, wherein the at least one discontinuity is configured to reduce an individual capacitance associated with the thermally conducting layer to the desired capacitance; and
stacking at least the battery cell, the thermally insulating layer and the thermally conducting layer including the at least one discontinuity into a battery submodule.

US Pat. No. 11,114,724

BATTERY MODULE, AND BATTERY PACK AND ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...


1. A battery module, comprising:a plurality of battery cells, each battery cell having a top surface, a bottom surface opposite the top surface, a first end surface and a second end surface opposite the first end surface, the plurality of battery cells stacked in a first direction;
a module case configured to accommodate the plurality of battery cells; and
at least one forming portion, the at least one forming portion comprising:a first forming groove extending in a second direction and having a first end and a second end spaced from each other in the second direction, the first forming groove engaged with the top surface of a corresponding battery cell of the plurality of battery cells; and
a second forming groove formed at each of the first end and the second end of the first forming groove, the second grooves respectively contacting the first end surface and the second end surface of a corresponding battery cell,

wherein the module case includes first and second cases coupled to each other by hooking and having shapes corresponding to each other.

US Pat. No. 11,114,722

VEHICLE BATTERY MODULE

Ford Global Technologies,...


1. A vehicle comprising:two members spaced from each other and elongated along a vehicle-longitudinal axis; and
a first battery module including end plates spaced from each other along the vehicle-longitudinal axis, battery cells sandwiched between the end plates, and a connector extending from one end plate to the other end plate;
a second battery module having end plates spaced from each other along the vehicle-longitudinal axis and battery cells sandwiched between the end plates, one of the end plates of the second battery module abutting one of the end plates of the first battery module;
the end plates extending from one of the members to the other of the members;
each of the end plates of the first battery module and the second battery module having a short section and a long section between the members, the short section of one end plate of the first battery module abutting the long section of one end plate of the second battery module.

US Pat. No. 11,114,721

ENCLOSURE ASSEMBLY MID-TRAYS FOR ELECTRIFIED VEHICLE BATTERY PACKS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...


1. A battery pack, comprising:a battery array;
an enclosure assembly housing the battery array and including a tray, a cover, and a mid-tray; and
a plurality of internal components secured within the mid-tray to establish an electrical subassembly within the enclosure assembly,
wherein the mid-tray is secured and sealed to the tray via a tongue and groove connection,
wherein the plurality of internal components includes a bussed electrical center (BEC), a battery electric control module (BECM), a wiring harness, and an I/O connector,
wherein at least a portion of the mid-tray is exposed outside of the enclosure assembly,
a first pocket formed in the mid-tray and including a first pocket wall and a first protrusion that protrudes inwardly from the first pocket wall, wherein the first protrusion retains the BEC from movement in at least one direction;
a second pocket formed in the mid-tray and including a second pocket wall and a second protrusion that protrudes inwardly from the second pocket wall, wherein the second protrusion retains the BECM from movement in at least one direction;
a channel formed in the mid-tray and including a channel wall and a third protrusion that protrudes inwardly from the channel wall, wherein the third protrusion retains the wiring harness from movement in at least one direction; and
a core hole formed in the mid-tray and configured to receive the I/O connector.

US Pat. No. 11,114,720

CYLINDRICAL BATTERY HOUSING CASE

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...


1. A cylindrical battery housing case comprising:a plurality of cylindrical battery housing chambers, each of the cylindrical battery housing chambers being configured to house one cylindrical battery, wherein
each of the cylindrical battery housing chambers comprises a side wall having a plurality of notches and a plurality of elongated resilient members provided in a cantilevered manner inside the notches, each of the elongated resilient members comprising a protrusion configured to hold a cylindrical portion of the cylindrical battery,
the plurality of cylindrical battery housing chambers comprises a first cylindrical battery housing chamber and a second cylindrical battery housing chamber adjacent to the first cylindrical battery housing chamber,
the plurality of elongated resilient members of the first cylindrical battery housing chamber comprises a first elongated resilient member and a second elongated resilient member arranged along a circumferential direction of the first cylindrical battery housing chamber,
the plurality of notches in the side wall of the first cylindrical battery housing chamber includes a common notch, and the plurality of notches in the side wall of the second cylindrical battery housing chamber includes the common notch, and
the plurality of elongated resilient members of the second cylindrical battery housing chamber comprises a third elongated resilient member located in the common notch and arranged, in a front view of the cylindrical battery housing case, at an intermediate position between the first elongated resilient member and the second elongated resilient member in the circumferential direction of the first cylindrical battery housing chamber.

US Pat. No. 11,114,719

ELECTRIC CELL POTTING COMPOUND AND METHOD OF MAKING

H.B. Fuller Company, St....


1. A battery module comprising:an electric cell potted in a potting compound;
the potting compound comprising a cured mixture ofa flame retardant component;
a first component havingan isocyanate reactive compound and water; and

a second component havingan isocyanate compound,

wherein the potting compound is a foam.


US Pat. No. 11,114,718

ENERGY STORAGE APPARATUS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ENERGY STORAGE APPARATUS

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...


1. An energy storage apparatus comprising:an energy storage device;
an outer case; and
an adhesive material which is injected between at least one surface out of a first surface and a second surface which are two surfaces of the energy storage device disposed adjacently to each other and an inner surface of the outer case thus making the at least one surface and the inner surface of the outer case adhere to each other by surface adhesion,
wherein the inner surface of the outer case includes a projecting portion which projects toward the energy storage device, and
wherein the projecting portion and the energy storage device are brought into contact and abut with each other.

US Pat. No. 11,114,717

LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY

SK INNOVATION CO., LTD., ...


1. A lithium secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly to which an electrode tap is attached;
an electrode tap receptor configured to house a portion of the electrode assembly; wherein the electrode tap receptor comprises a hole through which a portion of the electrode tap protrudes to an outside; and
a case formed from one sheet configured to surround the electrode assembly,
wherein an end of the electrode tap receptor and an end of the case partially overlap each other, and the end of the case is disposed over the end of the electrode tap receptor to seal the electrode assembly,
wherein the case surrounds sides of the electrode assembly to which the electrode tap is not attached,
wherein the electrode tap receptor includes a gas barrier layer,
wherein the gas barrier layer includes at least one selected from a group consisting of ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymer, polyvinylidene chloride, polyvinyl alcohol, nylon, polyamide, polyacrylonitrile, ionomer copolymer, a coating layer made of at least one selected from a group consisting of silica, alumina, rubber, glass and amorphous carbon, and a film having a coating layer in which layered silicate nano particles are dispersed in a polyvinyl alcohol binder,
wherein the electrode tap receptor is formed in a plurality of layers, and the gas barrier layer is included in an inner layer of the electrode tap receptor, and
wherein the gas barrier layer is formed on a portion of the electrode tap receptor which contacts the electrode assembly.

US Pat. No. 11,114,716

SECONDARY BATTERY, BATTERY PACK AND DEVICE USING BATTERY

Contemporary Amperex Tech...


1. A secondary battery, comprising a shell and an end cover assembly, wherein the end cover assembly covers an opening of the shell to form a housing assembly of the secondary battery, wherein the end cover assembly comprises: an end cover, provided with a through hole for injection of electrolyte and an accommodating part, wherein the accommodating part is arranged on a side, far away from the shell, of the end cover and is arranged along a circumferential direction of the through hole; a sealing element, sealing the through hole; and a cover body, covering at least part of the sealing element, wherein the cover body is rotatable and comprises a limiting part, wherein when the cover body rotates to a first position, the limiting part is located inside the accommodating part to limit separation of the cover body from the end cover, and wherein when the cover body rotates to a second position, the limiting part and the accommodating part are misplaced along the circumferential direction of the through hole, to realize separation of the cover body from the end cover.

US Pat. No. 11,114,714

MINIATURE ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL HAVING A CASING OF A METAL CONTAINER CLOSED WITH A CERAMIC PLATE HAVING TWO VIA HOLES SUPPORTING OPPOSITE POLARITY PLATINUM-CONTAINING CONDUCTIVE PATHWAYS

Greatbatch Ltd., Clarenc...


1. An electrochemical cell, comprising:a) a casing, comprising:i) an open-ended container of an electrically conductive material;
ii) a header comprising a ceramic plate hermetically secured to an outer annular metallic ring, the ceramic plate having a ceramic plate inner surface opposite a ceramic plate outer surface;
iii) a first electrically conductive pathway comprising a first platinum-containing fill material residing in a first via hole extending through the ceramic plate, and a second electrically conductive pathway comprising a second platinum-containing fill material residing in a second via hole extending through the ceramic plate, wherein the first and second conductive pathways have respective first and second conductive pathway inner surfaces located at or adjacent to the ceramic plate inner surface and first and second conductive pathway outer surfaces located at or adjacent to the ceramic plate outer surface; and
iv) a weld hermetically securing the outer annular ring of the header to the open end of the container; and

b) an electrode assembly, comprising:i) a cathode current collector contacted to the ceramic plate inner surface at the first conductive pathway inner surface;
ii) a cathode active material conductively contacted to the cathode current collector opposite the first conductive pathway in the first via hole, the cathode active material having an outer peripheral edge;
iii) a solid electrolyte that curves over and around the cathode active material including its outer peripheral edge so that the solid electrolyte contacts the inner surface of the ceramic plate;
iv) an anode current collector contacted to the ceramic plate inner surface at the second conductive pathway inner surface, the anode current collector spaced from the cathode current collector; and
v) an anode active material contacting the solid electrolyte opposite the cathode active material, the anode active material conductively contacted to the anode current collector opposite the second conductive pathway in the second via hole extending through the ceramic plate of the header,

c) wherein the outer surfaces of the first and second conductive pathways are configured for electrical connection to a load.

US Pat. No. 11,114,713

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR BATTERY CELLS AND METHODS OF THEIR MANUFACTURE

California Institute of T...


1. A thermal management system for batteries comprising:at least one battery holding compartment comprising:a non-porous interior wall defining the battery holding compartment configured to contain at least one battery cell, the non-porous interior wall being configured to conformally contact at least a portion of the at least one battery cell and configured to transport heat to or from the battery cell through conduction;
a cavity disposed adjacent to the non-porous interior wall in a direction distal from the at least one battery cell;
a non-porous exterior wall disposed adjacent to the cavity;
a working fluid disposed within the cavity; and
a heat transfer plate disposed in thermal contact on a first side with at least the working fluid, and on a second side with a cooling or heating environment;
wherein the cavity further comprises:
a porous wick; and
a vapor space disposed adjacent to the porous wick;
wherein the porous wick is an enclosed system configured to contain and cycle the working fluid between a liquid and a vapor phase, such that when the working fluid is in a liquid phase it saturates and travels through the porous wick allowing for the transfer of heat to or from the interior wall and the heat transfer plate, and such that when the working fluid is in a vapor phase it escapes the porous wick into the vapor space to transfer heat to or from the heat transfer plate;
wherein the thermal management system and the at least one battery holding compartment, including at least the non-porous interior and exterior walls, the porous wick, and the heat transfer plate are all formed as a single continuous monolithic structure.


US Pat. No. 11,114,712

BATTERY MODULE HAVING IMPROVED COOLING STRUCTURE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...


1. A battery module comprising:a pouch cell laminate comprising a first pouch cell and a second pouch cell located adjacent to the first pouch cell, each pouch cell comprising:an accommodation portion for containing an electrode assembly, the accommodation portion having a top wall, a bottom wall and a sidewall, the sidewall forming an outer circumference of the accommodation portion;
a sealing portion extending outwardly from the outer circumference of the accommodation portion; and
an electrode lead extending outwardly from the sealing portion;

a first cooling fin having such a size and a shape to contact and surround the sidewall forming the outer circumference of the accommodation portion and contacts the sealing portion of each of the first pouch cell and the second pouch cell; and
a cooling plate located on one side of the pouch cell laminate and configured to contact the first cooling fin perpendicularly to a planar direction of the first cooling fin,
wherein the first cooling fin has a first side, a second side, a first end and a second end,
wherein each pouch cell comprises two electrode leads that extend outwardly from the sealing portion at opposite ends of each pouch cell that correspond to the first end and the second end of the first cooling fin,
wherein the cooling plate directly contacts the first side of the first cooling fin and the cooling plate does not overlap the two electrode leads that extend outward from the sealing portion.

US Pat. No. 11,114,711

RAPID LOW-TEMPERATURE SELF-HEATING METHOD AND DEVICE FOR BATTERY

BEIJING INSTITUTE OF TECH...


1. A rapid low-temperature self-heating method for a battery, wherein a control method of a heating system specifically comprises the following steps:triggering a large-current external short-circuit for rapid heating of the battery, recording short-circuit duration and a short-circuit current when the external short-circuit occurs on the battery, and if the short-circuit duration satisfies any one of the following three conditions, terminating the external short-circuit:
condition 1: the short-circuit duration reaches an initially set lossless short-circuit time threshold, wherein the initially set lossless short-circuit time threshold is associated with an initial battery state of charge (SOC);
condition 2: a second current peak appears, and the short-circuit duration reaches a corrected lossless short-circuit time threshold, wherein the corrected lossless short-circuit time threshold is obtained by correcting the initially set lossless short-circuit time threshold on line by using a time at which a second short-circuit current peak of the battery appears; and
condition 3: battery temperature is higher than target temperature; and
estimating a predicted temperature rise when the external short-circuit occurs on the battery, and if a sum of initial temperature and the predicted temperature rise is higher than the target temperature, ending the heating, and starting a battery system; or
if the sum of initial temperature and the predicted temperature rise is lower than the target temperature, conducting external heating by using the external short-circuit of the battery and an external heater together, and after the battery temperature is higher than or equal to the target temperature, ending heating, and starting the battery system, wherein
the corrected lossless short-circuit time threshold is a mean value of the time at which the second current peak appears and the initially set lossless short-circuit time threshold.

US Pat. No. 11,114,710

BATTERY MODULE, BATTERY PACK INCLUDING BATTERY MODULE, AND VEHICLE INCLUDING BATTERY PACK

LG Chem, Ltd.


1. A battery module, comprising:a plurality of battery cells;
a top plate configured to cover an upper side of the battery cells;
a bottom plate disposed opposite to the top plate to cover a lower side of the battery cells;
a pair of side plates configured to connect the bottom plate and the top plate and to cover both side surfaces of the battery cells;
a bus bar unit connected to the pair of side plates and configured to cover a front side and a rear side of the battery cells, the bus bar unit being electrically connected to the battery cells; and
a pair of heatsinks each having a coolant injection portion and a coolant discharge portion protruding out of the battery module, the pair of heat sinks being provided at the upper side and the lower side of the battery cells, respectively.

US Pat. No. 11,114,708

BATTERY PACK TEMPERATURE CONTROL METHOD AND DEVICE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...


1. A method for controlling a temperature of a battery pack, the method comprising: a battery pack temperature measurement step of measuring a temperature value of the battery pack before charging/discharging; an initial heat generating part driving step of controlling a turning-on/off of a heat generating unit switch through a pulse modulation (PWM) signal having a predetermined first duty ratio so that the heat generating unit is intermittently driven when the temperature value of the battery pack, which is measured in the battery pack temperature measurement step, is less than a preset second reference temperature value; a heat generating unit duration increasing step of outputting the PWM signal having the first duty ratio in the initial heat generating unit driving step as a PWM signal having a second duty ratio to turn-on/off the heat generating unit switch when the temperature of the battery pack is equal to or greater than the preset second reference temperature value and less than a preset first reference temperature value after the heat generating unit is driven in the initial heat generating unit driving step; and a continuous heat generating unit driving step of setting the duty ratio of the PWM signal having the second duty ratio to 100% to continuously turn on the heat generating unit switch so that the heat generating unit is continuously driven when the temperature of the battery pack is equal to or greater than the preset first reference temperature value after the heat generating unit duration increasing step, wherein the second duty ratio is greater than the first duty ratio, and wherein the first duty ratio is set to 30% for ?42° C. to ?40° C. and 25% for ?44° C. to ?42°.

US Pat. No. 11,114,707

MONITORING APPARATUS FOR ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE, ENERGY STORAGE APPARATUS, AND A METHOD OF MONITORING ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...


1. A monitoring apparatus for an energy storage device provided at a movable body and electrically connected to a load of the movable body via a switch, the monitoring apparatus comprising:a monitoring unit supplied with power from the energy storage device,
wherein the monitoring unit executes a monitoring operation of bringing the switch from a closed state into an opened state under a condition that the energy storage device has a voltage not more than a discharge voltage threshold, and bringing the switch from the opened state into the closed state under a condition that the switch is in the opened state and the energy storage device satisfies a predetermined discharge recovery condition, and extends an interval of the monitoring operation when the movable body is parked while the switch is in the opened state, in comparison to a case where the movable body is not parked.

US Pat. No. 11,114,706

LIQUID DETECTION INSIDE A BATTERY TRAY TO AVOID BATTERY MALFUNCTION

DUS Operating, LLC, Aubu...


1. A vehicle battery safety sensor system providing liquid detection inside a battery pack, comprising:a battery pack having a structure defining a battery cell bay receiving a battery;
a first sensor mounted to the structure proximate to a low point area of the battery cell bay for sensing an operating condition within the low point area of the battery cell bay;
a second sensor mounted to the structure elevated above the first sensor for sensing an operating condition above the low point area of the battery cell bay; and
a safety module processing signals received from the first sensor and the second sensor and identifying if the operating condition within the low point area of the battery cell bay defines a fluid present in the low point area of the battery cell bay, the safety module having memory for storing a condition of the battery cell, wherein the condition of the battery cell is defined as a liquid is present in the battery cell bay when a predetermined capacitance difference between a capacitance of the first sensor and a capacitance of the second sensor exceeds a predetermined threshold, and
wherein the predetermined capacitance difference between the capacitance of the first sensor and the capacitance of the second sensor is ratiometric to a liquid level in the low point area of the battery cell bay.

US Pat. No. 11,114,705

CURRENT MEASUREMENT AND VOLTAGE CONTROL APPROACH

Honeywell International I...


1. A voltage measurement and current control system comprising:a switch;
a battery having a first terminal connected to a first terminal of the switch, and a second terminal connected to a reference voltage;
a resistor having a first terminal connected to a second terminal of the switch;
a capacitor having a first terminal connected to a second terminal of the resistor and having a second terminal connected to the reference voltage; and
a controller having an input voltage supply terminal connected to the first terminal of the capacitor and a second terminal connected to the reference voltage, having a first input connected to the first terminal of the battery, having a second input connected to the first terminal of the capacitor, having a first output connected to a third terminal of the switch, and having a second output connected to voltage dividers for the first and second inputs of the controller.

US Pat. No. 11,114,704

DEPASSIVATION OF COMPLETION TOOL BATTERIES

Halliburton Energy Servic...


1. A method comprising:providing a completion tool disposed within a wellbore penetrating at least a portion of a subterranean formation, wherein the completion tool is electrically coupled to an at least partially passivated lithium battery;
depassivating the at least partially passivated lithium battery in the wellbore by discharging the lithium battery, wherein the depassivating comprises:measuring a resistance of the battery; and
depassivating the battery based on the measured resistance of the battery; and

powering the completion tool with the at least partially depassivated lithium battery.

US Pat. No. 11,114,703

BATTERY PACK

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...


1. A battery pack, comprising:a battery including a plurality of battery cells;
a first pack terminal and a second pack terminal, each disposed to be connected to a charger;
a cut-off switch arranged on a path through which charge and discharge currents of the battery flow; and
a battery manager configured to monitor a state of the battery and to turn off the cut-off switch when there is a risk of the battery being damaged, and configured to determine whether the charger is a dedicated charger,
wherein:
the battery manager is configured to operate in a first charge mode when it is determined that the charger is not the dedicated charger,
the battery manager is configured to operate in a second charge mode, different from the first charge mode, when it is determined that the charger is the dedicated charger,
the battery manager is configured to, in the first charge mode and the second charge mode, initially permit charging of the battery with the cut-off switch in a turn-on state,
in the first charge mode, the cut-off switch is in a turned-off state when a pack voltage that is a voltage between the first pack terminal and the second pack terminal is greater than or equal to a first reference voltage,
in the second charge mode, the cut-off switch remains in the turn-on state when the voltage between the first pack terminal and the second pack terminal is greater than or equal to the first reference voltage, and
in the second charge mode, when the voltage between the first pack terminal and the second pack terminal reaches the first reference voltage, the battery manager transmits information to the charger to notify the charger to complete charging of the battery.

US Pat. No. 11,114,702

THIN BATTERY SEPARATORS AND METHODS

Celgard, LLC, Charlotte,...


1. A multilayer battery separator for a lithium secondary battery that comprises a microporous membrane comprising:at least three coextruded dry-stretch process polypropylene (PP) layers and optionally one or more polyethylene (PE) layers that each has a thickness of less than or equal to 4 microns; and
wherein the microporous membrane has a thickness in the range of 2 to 12 microns and has a ceramic coating or a polymer coating on at least one side thereof.

US Pat. No. 11,114,701

METHOD OF PRODUCING AN ELECTRODE-SEPARATOR WINDING, ELECTRODE-SEPARATOR WINDING AND BUTTON CELL WITH SUCH A WINDING

VARTA Microbattery GmbH, ...


1. A method of producing an electrode-separator winding comprising:feeding a first current collector in strip form, which is divided in the longitudinal direction into mass sections covered with a positive electrode material and, arranged between the mass sections, contact sections not covered with the electrode material, to a winding device,
feeding a second current collector in strip form, which is divided in the longitudinal direction into mass sections covered with a negative electrode material and, arranged between the mass sections, contact sections not covered with the electrode material, to the winding device,
feeding two separators in strip form to the winding device, and
winding up the first current collector in strip form, the second current collector in strip form and the separators in the winding device to form a winding with the sequence first current collector/separator/second current collector/separator or second current collector/separator/first current collector/separator,

whereina contact strip is welded on in at least one of the contact sections for the electrical contacting of the current collectors, or at least one of the contact sections is folded over to form a contact strip for the electrical contacting of the current collectors, and
at least one of the separators is reinforced in a Z-shaped folding and at least one risk region in which the at least one separator within the completed electrode-separator winding lies against the at least one contact section in which the contact strip is welded on or against the at least one contact section folded over to form a contact strip.

US Pat. No. 11,114,700

POUCH-SHAPED SECONDARY BATTERY HAVING STRUCTURE IN WHICH BIDIRECTIONAL CELL IS CHANGED TO UNIDIRECTIONAL CELL

LG Chem, Ltd.


1. A pouch-shaped secondary battery comprising a unit cell assembly received within a pouch sheathing member, the unit cell assembly comprising:two or more stacked bicells, each bicell including an electrode assembly including a first electrode and a second electrode stacked in a state in which a separator is interposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, a first electrode tab and a second electrode tab protruding from the respective first electrode and second electrode at opposite sides of the electrode assembly, the first electrode tab and the second electrode tab joined to respective first and second electrode leads;
first and second unidirectional structures, the first unidirectional structure having a planar surface thereof disposed adjacent a first planar surface of the pouch sheathing member, the second unidirectional structure having a planar surface thereof disposed adjacent a second planar surface of the pouch sheathing member opposite the first planar surface, the two or more stacked bicells each being disposed between the first and second unidirectional structures, each of the first and second unidirectional structures having respective first and second opposite ends, the first end of each of the first and second unidirectional structures joined to the first electrode lead of each of the two or more stacked bicells, the second end of each of the first and second unidirectional structures extending in a direction toward the second electrode lead of each of the two or more stacked bicells; and
first and second electrode terminals exposed to an outside of the pouch sheathing member and extending from a single common side of the pouch sheathing member, the first electrode terminal being or extending from the second end of the each of the first and second unidirectional structures, and the second electrode terminal being or extending from an end of the second electrode lead of each of the two or more stacked bicells,
wherein the first electrode terminal and the second electrode terminal have different polarities.

US Pat. No. 11,114,699

BATTERY AND BATTERY MANUFACTURING METHOD WITH FOLDED CONSTRUCTION

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...


1. A battery manufacturing method using a battery manufacturing apparatus,wherein the battery manufacturing apparatus includes an electrode layer forming unit, a counter electrode layer forming unit, a solid electrolyte layer forming unit, and a current collector folding unit that folds a current collector,
wherein the current collector includes a first front face region, a first rear face region, a second front face region, a second rear face region, and a first fold region,
wherein the first rear face region is a region situated on the rear face of the first front face region,
wherein the second rear face region is a region situated on the rear face of the second front face region,
wherein the first fold region is a region situated between the first front face region and the second front face region,
the method comprising steps of:
forming (a1) the first electrode layer in contact with the second front face region by the electrode layer forming unit;
forming (b1) the first counter electrode layer, which is a counter electrode of the first electrode layer, in contact with the first front face region, by the counter electrode layer forming unit;
forming a first solid electrolyte layer on the first fold region by the solid electrolyte layer forming unit; and
folding (c1) the first fold region by the current collector folding unit,
wherein the first rear face region and the second rear face region are positioned facing each other, due to the current collector being folded at the first fold region in the folding step (c1).

US Pat. No. 11,114,697

CONFIGURATIONS FOR BATTERY CELL PACKAGING

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...


1. A battery comprising:a battery cell comprising a longitudinal body section and a lateral body section extending from and normal to the longitudinal body section, wherein an intersection of the longitudinal body section and the lateral body section defines an interior corner;
a pouch extending about the battery cell, wherein the pouch defines a seal where a first section of the pouch is sealed to a second section of the pouch externally to the battery cell about a plurality of sides of the battery cell including at the interior corner, and wherein the seal is folded against the pouch and coupled with the pouch along multiple sides of the battery cell; and
tape disposed along and folded over an exterior edge of the seal along each side of the plurality of sides of the battery cell along which the seal is formed, wherein the tape comprises a separate piece of tape for each side of the plurality of sides of the battery cell along which the seal is formed, wherein a first corner tape piece is positioned on one side of the seal at the interior corner, and wherein a second corner tape piece is positioned on an opposite side of the seal as the first corner tape piece.

US Pat. No. 11,114,696

ELECTROLYTE SYSTEM FOR LITHIUM-CHALCOGEN BATTERIES

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...


1. An electrochemical cell that cycles lithium ions comprising:an electrode comprising a chalcogen-containing electroactive material; and
an electrolyte system comprising:one or more lithium salts selected from the group consisting of: lithium bis(fluorosulfonyl)imide (LiN(FSO2)2), bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide lithium salt (LiN(CF3SO2)2), lithium hexafluorophosphate (LiPF6), lithium hexafluoroarsenate (LiAsF6), lithium tetrafluoroborate (LiBF4), lithium perchlorate (LiClO4), lithium iodide (LiI), lithium bromide (LiBr), lithium thiocyanate (LiSCN), lithium difluoro(oxalato)borate (LiBF2(C2O4)), LiPF3(C2F5)3, LiPF4(CF3)2, lithium tetrafluoro(oxalato)phosphate (LiPF4(C2O4)), LiPF3(CF3)3, LiSO3CF3, and combinations thereof; and
a solvent mixture comprising dimethyl dicarbonate (DMDC) and at least one solvent selected from methyl formate, methyl acetate, methyl propionate, ?-butyrolactone, ?-valerolactone, 1,2-diethoxyethane, and ethoxymethoxyethane, wherein the electrolyte system is substantially free of lithium nitrate (LiNO3) and the electrochemical cell has a minimum charge potential of greater than or equal to about 0.8 V to less than or equal to about 1.8 V.


US Pat. No. 11,114,695

ELECTROLYTE FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE, ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION, AND ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE

OTSUKA CHEMICAL CO., LTD....


1. An electrolyte composition comprising:a compound having a cation unit represented by Formula (1):





wherein R1 and R2 are independently a C1-6 alkyl group or a C1-4 alkoxy C1-6 alkyl group, and R3 and R4 together form a ring; andan electrolyte, which is a compound having a quaternary ammonium cation unit.

US Pat. No. 11,114,694

LITHIUM BATTERY

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...


1. A lithium battery, comprising:a cathode including a cathode active material;
an anode including an anode active material; and
an organic electrolytic solution between the cathode and the anode,
wherein:
the organic electrolytic solution includes a first lithium salt, an organic solvent, an oligomer compound, and a bicyclic sulfate-based compound represented by Formula 1 below:




in Formula 1, each of A1, A2, A3, and A4 is independently a covalent bond, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C5 alkylene group, a carbonyl group, or a sulfinyl group, provided that A1 and A2 are not simultaneously a covalent bond and provided that A3 and A4 are not simultaneously a covalent bond,
an amount of the bicyclic sulfate-based compound is from about 0.4 wt % to about 5 wt % based on a total weight of the organic electrolytic solution,
an amount of the oligomer compound is from about 0.5 wt % to about 5 wt % based on the total weight of the organic electrolytic solution, and
the oligomer compound includes a vinylene carbonate oligomer, a vinyl ethylene carbonate oligomer, an allyl vinyl carbonate oligomer, a vinyl acetate oligomer, a divinyl adipate oligomer, a 2-vinylpyridine oligomer, a vinylpyridine oligomer, a maleic anhydride oligomer, a methyl cinnamate oligomer, a vinyl ethylene sulfite oligomer, or an acrylonitrile oligomer.

US Pat. No. 11,114,693

ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION FOR NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION SECONDARY BATTERIES AND NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION SECONDARY BATTERY

Central Glass Company, Lt...


1. An electrolytic solution for nonaqueous electrolytic solution secondary batteries, the electrolytic solution comprising:a nonaqueous solvent,
an electrolyte dissolved in the nonaqueous solvent,
(I) a difluoro ionic complex (1) represented by the general formula (1), and
(II) at least one compound selected from the group consisting of cyclic sulfonic acid ester, cyclic sulfonic acid ester having an unsaturated bond, cyclic sulfuric acid ester, cyclic disulfonic acid ester, chain disulfonic acid ester, cyclic disulfonic acid anhydride, nitrile group-containing compound, silyl phosphate ester derivative, and silyl borate ester derivative:
wherein 95 mol % or more of the difluoro ionic complex (1) is a difluoro ionic complex (1-Cis) in a cis conformation represented by the general formula (1-Cis),








wherein in (1-Cis),




wherein in the general formulas (1) and (1-Cis), A+ is any one selected from the group consisting of a metal ion, a proton, and an onium ion, and M is any one selected from the group consisting of Si, P, As, and Sb;
F is a fluorine atom; O is an oxygen atom;
t is 2 when M is Si, and t is 1 when M is P, As, or Sb;
X is an oxygen atom or —N(R1)—; N is a nitrogen atom; R1 is a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms and optionally having a hetero atom and/or a halogen atom (the hydrocarbon group optionally having a branched-chain or ring structure when the number of carbon atoms is 3 or more);
when X is —N(R1)—, and p is 0, X and W are bonded directly and optionally form a structure as shown in the general formulas (1-Cis-1) to (1-Cis-3) below; in the case of the general formula (1-Cis-2) below where the direct bond is a double bond, R1 is not present;
Y is a carbon atom or a sulfur atom; q is 1 when Y is a carbon atom, and q is 1 or 2 when Y is a sulfur atom;
W represents a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms and optionally having a hetero atom and/or a halogen atom (the hydrocarbon group optionally having a branched-chain or ring structure when the number of carbon atoms is 3 or more), or —N(R2)—; wherein, R2 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkaline metal, or a hydrocarbon group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms and optionally having a hetero atom and/or a halogen atom; when the number of carbon atoms is 3 or more, R2 optionally has a branched-chain or ring structure; and
p is 0 or 1, q is an integer of 0 to 2, r is an integer of 0 to 2, and p+r?1:





US Pat. No. 11,114,692

POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FOR SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd.


1. A polymer electrolyte for a secondary battery, the polymer electrolyte comprising:a polymer represented by Formula 1 or Formula 2; and
an electron-acceptor having at least one double bond, as a dopant:




wherein R and R5 are each independently carbon (C) or sulfur (S),
R1 is





wherein R9 is —C(CF3)2—,R2 and R7 are




R3 is —S(CF2)2SO3?Li+,
R4 is





wherein R10 is —C(CF3)2—,R6 is





wherein R9 is —C(CF3)2—,R8 is




o and o1 are 1 or 2,
p, p1, q, q1, r, and s are 0 or 1,
a ratio of n:m is in a range of 95:5 to 5:95 as a molar ratio, and
a ratio of n?:m? is in a range of 95:5 to 5:95 as a molar ratio.

US Pat. No. 11,114,691

SULFIDE-BASED SOLID ELECTROLYTE FOR LITHIUM BATTERY, METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME, AND LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE SULFIDE-BASED SOLID ELECTROLYTE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...


1. A sulfide solid electrolyte comprising:a sulfide electrolyte for a lithium battery; and
a metal-organic framework comprising hydrogen sulfide adsorbed in a pore of the metal-organic framework.

US Pat. No. 11,114,690

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLID ELECTROLYTE FOR ALL-SOLID CELLS, SOLID ELECTROLYTE MANUFACTURED USING THE METHOD, AND ALL-SOLID CELL INCLUDING THE SOLID ELECTROLYTE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...


1. A method of manufacturing a solid electrolyte for all-solid cells, comprising:preparing an electrolyte admixture comprising a solid electrolyte precursor and a solvent;
drying the electrolyte admixture and removing the solvent to form a dry electrolyte mixture; and
heat-treating the dry electrolyte mixture to form a crystallized solid electrolyte,
wherein the crystallized solid electrolyte has an argyrodite-type crystalline structure.

US Pat. No. 11,114,688

LITHIUM-ION MIXED CONDUCTOR MEMBRANE IMPROVES THE PERFORMANCE OF LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERY AND OTHER ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES

UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN CA...


1. A lithium ion mixed conduction membrane comprising:a polymeric binder; and
a lithium ion conductive material having lithium ion conductivity and electrical conductivity dispersed within the polymeric binder, the lithium ion conductive material being partially lithiated in an amount from 35 mole percent to 90 mole percent per mole of lithium in the lithium ion conductive material when the lithium ion conductive material is fully lithiated wherein the lithium ion conductive material is selected from the group consisting of wherein the lithium ion conductive material is selected from the group consisting of LizMnO2, Li2zMnO3, LizCo2O4, LizFeSO4F, LizVPO4F, LizMoS2 and combinations thereof, with z being from 0.3 to 0.9 and wherein the lithium ion conductive is partially lithiated such that the electrode potential of the lithium ion mixed conduction membrane does overlap with the electrode potential range of a sulfur-containing cathode when the lithium ion mixed conduction membrane is positioned in a battery including the sulfur-containing cathode.

US Pat. No. 11,114,687

BATTERY

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...


1. A battery, comprising:a first electrode layer; and
a second electrode layer disposed on the first electrode layer and serving as a counter electrode for the first electrode layer,
wherein the first electrode layer includes a first current collector, a first active material layer, and a first solid electrolyte layer,
the first active material layer is disposed to be in contact with the first current collector and to occupy a smaller area than that of the first current collector with respect to a plan view,
the first solid electrolyte layer is disposed to be in contact with the first current collector and the first active material layer, wherein the first solid electrolyte layer and the first current collector occupy a same coextensive area with respect to the plan view,
the first active material layer faces the second electrode layer with the first solid electrolyte layer therebetween,
the first electrode layer includes a peripheral portion including a first rounded portion,
the second electrode layer includes a second current collector and a second active material layer,
the second active material layer is disposed to be in contact with the second current collector and to occupy a smaller area than that of the second current collector with respect to the plan view,
the first solid electrolyte layer is disposed to be in contact with the second current collector and the second active material layer, wherein the first solid electrolyte layer and the second current collector occupy the same coextensive area with respect to the plan view,
the second active material layer faces the first active material layer with the first solid electrolyte layer therebetween,
the second current collector includes a peripheral portion including a second rounded portion,
the first rounded portion and the second rounded portion have an identical shape, and
the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer are disposed on each other, and an edge portion of the first rounded portion and an edge portion of the second rounded portion are located to coincide with each other.

US Pat. No. 11,114,686

SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING ELECTRODE LEAD EXPOSED WITHIN THE SEALING PART AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd.


1. A secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly comprising an electrode and a separator;
an exterior accommodating the electrode assembly, the exterior including an exterior body and a sealing part sealing an inner space defined by the exterior body; and
one or more electrode leads connected to the electrode assembly,
wherein each of the electrode leads comprises:an insulation part that is an area surrounded by the exterior;
an exposure part disposed inside the sealing part and inside the insulation part and having an area that is exposed to an outside of the exterior, the area of the exposure part being configured to electrically connect with a component exterior to the secondary battery; and
a connection part connecting the electrode assembly with the exposure part and disposed inside the insulation part, the connection part extending in a first direction from the electrode assembly into the sealing part, the exposure part extending in a second direction from the connection part to the area that is exposed to the outside of the exterior, the second direction being perpendicular to the first direction;
wherein at least a portion of the exposure part is disposed inside the insulation part,
wherein the electrode lead does not protrude to the outside of the exterior, and
wherein the insulation part surrounds an entirety of the exposure part and the connection part.


US Pat. No. 11,114,685

BONDING DIES FOR FUEL CELL

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...


1. Bonding dies for producing a fuel cell, the fuel cell including an electrode assembly that includes a membrane electrode assembly having gas diffusion layers stacked on opposite faces of the membrane electrode assembly, and a resin frame fixed on the membrane electrode assembly via a bonded portion of the resin frame, so as to surround an outer periphery of the membrane electrode assembly, the bonding dies being adapted to thermally compress a pair of separators, including a first separator and a second separator, that are arranged on opposite faces of the electrode assembly, thereby bonding the pair of separators to the resin frame, the first separator and the second separator facing and contacting the electrode assembly,the bonding dies comprise: a first die and a second die, such that when the pair of separators are inserted between the bonding dies the first die faces and contacts the first separator, and the second die faces and contacts the second separator, wherein:
the first die includes a central receiving portion and an outer periphery receiving portion disposed outside of the central receiving portion, the central receiving portion receiving a central region of the first separator when the pair of separators are inserted between the bonding dies, and the outer periphery receiving portion receiving a peripheral region of the first separator when the pair of separators are inserted between the bonding dies, the peripheral region of the first separator being disposed on an outer periphery of the central region of the first separator,
the second die includes an inner die and an outer die formed so as to surround the inner die, the inner die pressurizing a central region of the second separator when the pair of separators are inserted between the bonding dies, and the outer die thermally compressing a peripheral region of the second separator when the pair of separators are inserted between the bonding dies, the peripheral region of the second separator being disposed on an outer periphery of the central region of the second separator,
the inner die of the second die extends from a portion corresponding to the central region of the second separator, along an open edge formed in the resin frame, up to a region closer to an outer periphery side of the electrode assembly than the bonded portion of the resin frame bonded to the membrane electrode assembly when the pair of separators are inserted between the bonding dies, so as to pressurize the resin frame via the second separator,
there is a clearance formed between the inner die and the outer die of the second die, and
each of the inner die and the outer die of the second die are independently movable in a direction toward the first die, with respect to each other.

US Pat. No. 11,114,684

FUEL CELL MEMBRANE-ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY


1. A membrane-electrode assembly for a fuel cell comprising:a cathode electrode and an anode electrode which are positioned oppositely to each other; and
a polymer electrolyte membrane which is positioned between the cathode electrode and the anode electrode,
the cathode electrode and the anode electrode each including:
an electrode substrate;
a micropore layer which is positioned on the electrode substrate; and
a first catalyst layer which is positioned on the micropore layer,
the cathode electrode, the anode electrode, or both thereof further including a second catalyst layer being positioned between the first catalyst layer and the polymer electrolyte membrane,
wherein the second catalyst layer includes a reaction inducing material, and
wherein the reaction inducing material is Ir8Ru2FeOx, wherein x is an integer of 0.5 to 2.

US Pat. No. 11,114,683

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...


1. A fuel cell system comprising:a fuel cell configured to generate power through a reaction of air supplied to a cathode electrode and hydrogen gas supplied to an anode electrode;
a compressor configured to supply air to the cathode electrode of the fuel cell;
an outlet valve connected to a discharge port through which air is discharged from the cathode electrode;
an injector configured to supply hydrogen gas to the anode electrode of the fuel cell;
a circulation pump provided in a circulation path that returns the hydrogen gas discharged from the anode electrode to the anode electrode; and
a controller programmed to control power generation of the fuel cell, wherein
before a component that allows air to enter the cathode electrode when the component is removed,
the controller is programmed to execute the following steps:
a first step of opening the outlet valve, driving the compressor, and supplying air to the cathode electrode; and
a second step of driving the circulation pump to cause hydrogen gas that remains inside the anode electrode and the circulation path to be circulated in a state in which the hydrogen gas is not supplied to the anode electrode from the injector.

US Pat. No. 11,114,682

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...


1. A method for controlling a fuel cell system, comprising:upon start of a fuel cell stack, obtaining, by a controller, a flow rate of air supplied into a cathode after an air regulator configured to regulate the air supplied into the cathode is opened; and
determining, by the controller, a sealing state of the fuel cell stack, based on the obtained flow rate of the air,
wherein the fuel cell stack is determined to be in a normal sealing state when the flow rate of the air is greater than or equal to a preset threshold value and in an abnormal sealing state when the flow rate of the air is less than the preset threshold value.

US Pat. No. 11,114,681

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...


1. A fuel cell system, comprising:a fuel cell that generates power by electrochemical reaction between anode gas and cathode gas;
an exhaust pipe that has an exhaust port for discharging exhaust gas including the cathode gas and the anode gas discharged from the fuel cell;
a cathode gas supply flow path that supplies the cathode gas to the fuel cell;
a compressor that is provided in the cathode gas supply flow path to feed the cathode gas to the fuel cell;
an anode gas detector that is provided outside a flow path of the anode gas to detect the anode gas; and
a control unit configured to perform, when an exhaust port inundation condition is satisfied, prevention control for preventing the anode gas detector from detecting the anode gas as leakage of the anode gas, the prevention control includes a gas amount increase control for increasing a supply flow rate of the cathode gas to the exhaust pipe, as compared with a case without the prevention control, wherein
the control unit is configured to determine the exhaust port inundation condition is satisfied when at least one of(i) a flow rate proportion, found by dividing a measured flow rate that is a flow rate of cathode gas introduced by the compressor by an assumed flow rate of the cathode gas estimated on a basis of an outside air pressure and a rotation speed of the compressor, is smaller than a predetermined flow rate proportion threshold,
(ii) a pressure proportion, found by dividing a measured gas pressure that is a pressure at a cathode gas inlet or cathode gas outlet of the fuel cell by an assumed gas pressure estimated on the basis of the outside air pressure and the rotation speed of the compressor, is larger than a predetermined pressure proportion threshold, and
(iii) a voltage proportion, found by dividing a measured voltage that is an outlet voltage of the fuel cell by an assumed voltage of the fuel cell estimated on the basis of a measured current that is an output current of the fuel cell and the rotation speed of the compressor, is smaller than a predetermined voltage proportion threshold,

is satisfied.

US Pat. No. 11,114,680

REDOX FLOW BATTERY SYSTEM


1. A reservoir for a redox flow battery comprising:at least one inner tank for electrolyte, the or each inner tank having at least one inner tank wall of polymeric material,
an outer, bund tank around the or each inner tank, the or each outer tank having at least one substantially flat outer tank wall of polymeric material, wherein the inner tank is a self-supporting cylindrical polymeric material tank or is a flat-walled tank shaped complementary to the outer tank and provided with areas for abutting support of the inner tank by the outer tank and air circulation passage formations between the abutment areas; andwherein the reservoir further comprises:

air circulation gaps or passages between the inner and outer walls or the inner and outer tanks, and
an air circulation fan or pump for passing cooling air to the air circulation gaps or passages for cooling the electrolyte in the or each inner tank.

US Pat. No. 11,114,679

CURABLE RESIN COMPOSITION, AND FUEL CELL AND SEALING METHOD USING THE SAME

THREEBOND CO., LTD., Hac...


1. A curable resin composition comprising the following ingredients (A) to (D):ingredient (A): a vinyl polymer having one or more alkenyl groups in one molecule
ingredient (B): a compound having one or more hydrosilyl groups in one molecule
ingredient (C): a hydrosilylation catalyst
ingredient (D): a polyfunctional vinyl ether compound.

US Pat. No. 11,114,678

BIPOLAR PLATE SEAL ASSEMBLY AND FUEL CELL STACK WITH SUCH A BIPOLAR PLATE SEAL ASSEMBLY

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...


1. A bipolar plate assembly for a fuel cell, comprising:a bipolar plate having:a flow field for a reactant medium on at least one main side of the bipolar plate;
a first supply area arranged adjacent to a first side of the flow field, in which plural first fluid ports are arranged; and
a second supply area arranged adjacent to a second side of the flow field opposite to the first side, in which plural second fluid ports are arranged;

a first seal assembly having:a first electrically insulating layer covering at least one or more sections of the first supply area of the bipolar plate and having recesses that correspond to the plural first fluid ports of the bipolar plate; and
for each recess of the first seal assembly, a first seal circumferential to the recess and integral with the first electrically insulating layer; and

a second seal assembly distinct from the first seal assembly, the second seal assembly having:a second electrically insulating layer covering at least one or more sections of the second supply area of the bipolar plate and having recesses that correspond to the plural second fluid ports of the bipolar plate; and
for each recess of the second seal assembly, a second seal circumferential to the recess and integral with the second electrically insulating layer.


US Pat. No. 11,114,677

FUEL CELL INTERCONNECTOR AND METHOD FOR MAKING A FUEL CELL INTERCONNECTOR

Stackpole International P...


1. A method of manufacturing a porous, sintered SOFC interconnector comprising at least 20 weight % chromium, the method comprising:forming the porous, sintered SOFC interconnector using powder metallurgy, wherein said forming comprises compacting and sintering to form the porous, sintered SOFC interconnector having an air side comprising air passages, and a fuel side opposite the air side, the fuel side comprising fuel passages;
oxidizing the porous, sintered SOFC interconnector in a furnace so as to expose the porous, sintered SOFC interconnector to an oxidation temperature range for a predetermined time period; and
during said oxidizing, feeding a controlled atmosphere into the furnace such that the air and fuel sides of the SOFC interconnector are exposed to the controlled atmosphere during the oxidizing,
wherein the controlled atmosphere comprises:at least 30 volume % nitrogen,
at least 10 volume % oxygen, and
at least 10 volume % water vapor,

wherein said oxidizing increases a nitrogen content of the porous, sintered SOFC interconnector by less than 0.1 weight %,
wherein said oxidizing seals the SOFC interconnector and results in the formation of an oxide layer comprising chromium oxide on a surface of the SOFC interconnector.

US Pat. No. 11,114,676

FUEL CELL SEPARATOR

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...


1. A fuel cell separator comprising, on a substrate, a composite film containing an antimony-doped tin oxide (ATO) and a tin-doped indium oxide,wherein an element ratio of tin to indium (Sn/In) in the composite film is 1.4 or smaller, and
the composite film includes 30-60% by volume of the ATO in the composite film.

US Pat. No. 11,114,675

BIPOLAR PLATE FOR FUEL CELLS, AND PRODUCTION METHOD

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...


1. A bipolar plate for proton-exchange membrane PEM fuel cells, which are made with a metallic substrate and on their surface with an electrical contact resistance-reducing carbon-based layer, a layer system or a boundary layer which is made of a near-surface sp2-bonded, carbon-based layer which has a carbon fraction ranging from 50% to 100% and which is applied on a metallic substrate surface modified relative to the starting material, anda surface region of the metallic substrate is present as edge layer, which is made with nitride or carbon by nitriding or carburizing,
the metallic substrate has a surface which is in contact with a gas-permeable element within the PEM cells and the surface has elevations or depressions, wherein
the elevations or depressions on the metallic substrate surface have dimensions and geometrical design such that fibers, with which the gas-permeable element is made as a textile structure, which are
in touching contact over their periphery with at least 10% of their outer lateral surface, on the metallic substrate surface region in which the depression is present and in which the fibers and the substrate surface touch one another.

US Pat. No. 11,114,674

PROTON CONDUCTIVE TWO-DIMENSIONAL AMORPHOUS CARBON FILM FOR GAS MEMBRANE AND FUEL CELL APPLICATIONS

National University of Si...


1. A fuel cell comprising:an electrode catalyst assembly;
a two-dimensional (2D) amorphous carbon, wherein the 2D amorphous carbon has a crystallinity (C)?0.8, and
a proton exchange membrane,
wherein the 2D amorphous carbon is disposed between the electrode catalyst assembly and the proton exchange membrane.

US Pat. No. 11,114,673

CATHODE FOR LITHIUM AIR BATTERY COMPRISING HOLLOW STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...


1. A method of manufacturing a cathode for a lithium air battery, comprising:preparing a fibrous polymer by electrospinning a spinning solution including a thermally decomposable polymer;
manufacturing a fibrous structure comprising a core including the fibrous polymer and a sheath including a nitrogen-containing polymer by coating a surface of the fibrous polymer with the nitrogen-containing polymer;
manufacturing a film comprising a plurality of the fibrous structures, wherein the fibrous structures are randomly entangled; and
obtaining a sheet by heat-treating the film.

US Pat. No. 11,114,672

CARBON CATALYST, BATTERY ELECTRODE, AND BATTERY

NISSHINBO HOLDINGS INC., ...


1. A carbon catalyst, comprising:two kinds of transition metals; and
a carbon structure having an interplanar spacing d002 of 0.374 nm or more, the interplanar spacing d002 being determined from a Bragg angle of a diffraction peak fbroad which is one of three diffraction peaks fbrothreead, fmiddle, and fnarrow obtained by separating a diffraction peak around a diffraction angle (2?) of 26° in an X-ray diffraction pattern of the carbon structure by powder X-ray diffraction with a CuK? ray, wherein:
the diffraction peak fbroad has a diffraction angle (2?) of 24.0°±4.0°,
the diffraction peak fmiddle has a diffraction angle (2?) of 26.2°±0.3°, and
the diffraction fnarrow peak has a diffraction angle (2?) of 26.5°±0.5°.

US Pat. No. 11,114,671

LAYERED PLATINUM ON FREESTANDING PALLADIUM NANO-SUBSTRATES FOR ELECTROCATALYTIC APPLICATIONS AND METHODS OF MAKING THEREOF

Georgia Tech Research Cor...


1. A core-shell nanostructure comprising a palladium nano-substrate conformally coated with between one and ten continuous uniform and smooth atomic overlayers of epitaxially deposited zero-valent platinum atoms over the whole surface of the palladium nano-substrate, wherein the palladium nano-substrate has a shape selected from the group consisting of cubic, concave cubic, tetrahedral, bipyramidal, octahedral, icosahedral, decahedral, rod, bar, and wire.

US Pat. No. 11,114,668

ELECTRODE MATERIALS AND PROCESSES FOR THEIR PREPARATION

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...


1. An electrode material comprising particles of an inorganic electrochemically active material and a compound of any one of Formulae I to IV:



wherein,R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, and R8 are each independently selected from a hydrogen atom, halogens alkyl groups, haloalkyl groups, cycloalkyl groups, aryl groups, —CN, —NO2, —SO2OM2, —OP(O)(OM2)2, —P(O)(OM2)2, —C(O)OM2, wherein M2 is a cation of an alkali or alkaline earth metal, —OC(O)alkyl groups, —SO2NH2, —SO2NHalkyl groups, and —SO2N(alkyl)2, groups; and
X is, independently in each occurrence, selected from O, S, NH, NR9, and PH,
wherein R9 is selected from natural or synthetic carbohydrate and protective groups; and
“Sugar” denotes a natural or synthetic carbohydrate selected from the group consisting of monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, and polysaccharides; and

wherein:i. a, c and e are single bonds, b and d are double bonds, and M1 is H or a cation of an alkali or alkaline earth metal thereby forming a salt with the oxygen atom it is linked to negatively charged wherein the ratio of cation to the rest of the compound of Formula I provides electroneutrality; or
ii. a, c and e are double bonds, b and d are single bonds, and M1 is absent;


or an oxime thereof (i.e. where ?OM1 is replaced with ?NOH in Formulae I, II or III), a compound of Formula IV where the Sugar is replaced by a hydrogen atom, a geometric isomer thereof, or a carbohydrate which is a monosaccharide, disaccharide, oligosaccharide or a polysaccharide, complex or conjugate thereof.

US Pat. No. 11,114,665

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

GS Yuasa International Lt...


1. An energy storage device which has a negative active material layer containing particulate amorphous carbon,wherein an average particle size D50 of the amorphous carbon is 1.0 ?m or more and 3.0 ?m or less, and
a distribution curve of differential pore volume in the negative active material layer has a peak appearing within a range from 0.1 ?m to 2 ?m inclusive and the differential pore volume at the peak is 0.9 cm3/g or more and 1.301 cm3/g or less.

US Pat. No. 11,114,664

METHOD FOR PRODUCING POSITIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL PARTICLE, METHOD FOR PRODUCING POSITIVE ELECTRODE PASTE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING POSITIVE ELECTRODE SHEET, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...


1. A method for producing positive active material particles that allow insertion and extraction of a lithium ion, the method comprising:a contacting step of bringing a phosphate compound solution into contact with untreated positive active material particles, the phosphate compound solution being prepared by dissolving a phosphate compound into a first dispersion medium, and the phosphate compound being at least one of inorganic phosphoric acid (H3PO4), a salt of inorganic phosphoric acid, organic phosphoric acid, and a salt of organic phosphoric acid; and
a particle drying step, after the contacting step, of drying contacted-undried positive active material particles wetted with the phosphate compound solution to obtain the positive active material particles each formed with a coating that contains phosphorus on a particle surface.

US Pat. No. 11,114,663

CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIALS HAVING IMPROVED PARTICLE MORPHOLOGIES

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...


1. Particles comprising a compound Formula (IVa) represented byCo1-lM5lAlmOn??(IVa)
wherein
M5 is B, Na, Mn, Ni, Mg, Ti, Ca, V, Cr, Fe, Cu, Zn, Al, Sc, Y, Ga, Zr, Mo, Ru, and any combination thereof,
0<1<0.50;
0 0.9?n?2.6,
wherein the particles have an average density greater than or equal to 90% of an ideal crystalline density of the particles.

US Pat. No. 11,114,662

PRECURSOR AND METHOD FOR PREPARING NI BASED CATHODE MATERIAL FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM ION BATTERIES

Umicore, Brussels (BE) U...


1. A crystalline precursor compound for manufacturing a lithium transition metal based oxide powder usable as an active positive electrode material in lithium-ion batteries, the precursor having a general formula Li1?a((Niz(Ni1/2Mn1/2)yCox)1?kAk)1+a O2, wherein x+y+z=1, 0.1?x?0.4, 0.25?z?0.52, A is a dopant, 0?k?0.1, and 0.03?a?0.35, wherein the precursor has a crystalline size L expressed in nm, with 15?L?36.

US Pat. No. 11,114,661

ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL HAVING A SERPENTINE ANODE WITH A PLURALITY OF INTERLEAVED CATHODE PLATES HAVING EXTENDING TABS STACKED AND CONNECTED TO EACH OTHER BY A WELDED SURROUNDING METAL HOOP

Greatbatch Ltd., Clarenc...


1. An electrochemical cell, comprising:a) a casing;
b) an electrode assembly housed inside the casing, the electrode assembly comprising:i) at least a first cathode and a second cathode, wherein:A) the first cathode comprises a first cathode current collector having a first cathode tab connected to a first cathode plate, wherein a first cathode active material is contacted to the first cathode plate, and wherein the first cathode tab has opposed first and second major sides; and
B) the second cathode comprises a second cathode current collector having a second cathode tab connected to a second cathode plate, wherein a second cathode active material is contacted to the second cathode plate, and wherein the second cathode tab has opposed third and fourth major sides,
C) a cathode lead extending from a cathode lead proximal portion to a cathode lead distal portion, wherein, with the first and second cathodes in a side-by-side arrangement, a first section and a second section of the cathode lead proximal portion contact the respective fourth major side of the second cathode tab and the first major side of the first cathode tab with a third section of the cathode lead proximal portion contacting the first section of the cathode lead proximal portion; and
D) at least one weld contacting the first, second and third sections of the cathode lead proximal portion and the first and second cathode tabs;

ii) at least one anode positioned between the side-by-side first and second cathodes, the anode comprising an anode current collector having at least one anode tab connected to an anode plate, wherein an anode active material is contacted to the anode plate, and wherein the at least one anode tab is connected to the casing serving as a negative terminal for the cell; and
iii) a separator residing between the anode and the first and second cathodes; and

c) a feedthrough comprising a terminal pin of a glass-to-metal seal supported by the casing, wherein the terminal pin extends from a terminal pin proximal end electrically connected to the cathode lead distal portion to a terminal pin distal end located outside the casing to thereby serve as a positive terminal for the cell; and
d) an electrolyte in the casing activating the electrode assembly.

US Pat. No. 11,114,660

SILICON ANODES WITH WATER-SOLUBLE MALEIC ANHYDRIDE-, AND/OR MALEIC ACID-CONTAINING POLYMERS/COPOLYMERS, DERIVATIVES, AND/OR COMBINATIONS (WITH OR WITHOUT ADDITIVES) AS BINDERS

Enevate Corporation, Irv...


1. A battery electrode, the electrode comprising an electrode coating layer comprising from about 1 wt % to 95 wt % Si;wherein said electrode coating layer further comprises a water-soluble maleic anhydride- or maleic acid-containing polymer binder; and wherein said polymer binder comprises Poly(methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic anhydride); Poly(methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic acid); Poly(styrene-alt-maleic acid) sodium salts; Poly(styrene-co-maleic acid), partial isobutyl esters; Poly(styrene-co-maleic acid), partial isobutyl/methyl mixed esters; Poly(styrene-alt-maleic anhydride), partial methyl esters; Poly(isobutylene-alt-maleic anhydride); Poly(maleic anhydride-alt-1-octadecene); Poly(ethylene-alt-maleic anhydride); Polyethylene-graft-maleic anhydride; Polypropylene-graft-maleic anhydride; Polyisoprene-graft-maleic anhydride; or Polystyrene-block-poly(ethylene-ran-butylene)-block-polystyrene-graft-maleic anhydride; and
wherein said polymer binder further comprises a functional compound additive, wherein said functional compound additive comprises cyclodextrin-based compounds or tannic acid.

US Pat. No. 11,114,658

POSITIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY, POSITIVE ELECTRODE INCLUDING SAME AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING SAME

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...


1. A positive active material for a rechargeable lithium battery, comprising:a first positive active material and a second positive active material mixed together,
wherein the first positive active material is a mixture of a first nickel-based lithium composite oxide and a second nickel-based lithium composite oxide, the first nickel-based lithium composite oxide and the second nickel-based lithium composite oxide having different average particle diameters,
the second positive active material is represented by Chemical Formula 2 and has an average particle diameter of about 300 nm to about 600 nm:Lia1Fe1-x1M1x1 PO4,??[Chemical Formula 2]

wherein, in Chemical Formula 2, 0.90?a1?1.8, 0?x1?0.7, and M1 is magnesium (Mg), cobalt (Co), nickel (Ni), or a combination thereof,
an amount of the first positive active material is about 90 wt % to about 98 wt % based on a total amount of the positive active material for a rechargeable lithium battery, and
an amount of the second positive active material is about 2 wt % to about 10 wt % based on a total amount of the positive active material for a rechargeable lithium battery.

US Pat. No. 11,114,657

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR METAL SECONDARY BATTERY, METAL SECONDARY BATTERY, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING METAL SECONDARY BATTERY

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...


1. A negative electrode for a metal secondary battery, wherein,the negative electrode includes a carbon fiber aggregate, a first metal, and a second metal in a full-charge state of the metal secondary battery,
the carbon fiber aggregate comprises a plurality of carbon fibers,
the first metal is an alkali metal or an alkaline earth metal, the second metal is a metal alloyable with or an alloy alloyable with the first metal,
the second metal is carried at least at a central portion of the carbon fiber aggregate in a thickness direction of the carbon fiber aggregate, and
the second metal is in the form of particles;
wherein the central portion of the carbon fiber aggregate in the thickness direction carries the second metal particles to facilitate nucleation of the first metal in the central portion of the carbon fiber aggregate.

US Pat. No. 11,114,656

ANODE, LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING ANODE, AND METHOD OF PREPARING ANODE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...


1. A lithium battery comprising:a cathode;
an anode comprisinga current collector,
a first anode layer disposed on the current collector,
a second anode layer disposed on the first anode layer, and
an inorganic protection layer disposed on the second anode layer,
wherein the first anode layer is between the current collector and the second anode layer,
wherein the second anode layer comprises lithium metal or a lithium metal alloy and is between the first anode layer and the inorganic protection layer,
wherein an oxidation/reduction potential of the first anode layer and an oxidation/reduction potential of the second anode layer are different from each other,
wherein a thickness of the first anode layer is less than a thickness of the second anode layer; and
an electrolyte between the cathode and the anode,
wherein the thickness of the first anode layer is about 100 nanometers to about 2 micrometers, and the thickness of the second anode layer is about 1 micron to about 100 microns; and
wherein the first anode layer comprises a lithium titanium oxide represented by Formula 1:Li4+aTi5?bMcO12?d??Formula 1
wherein, in Formula 1, ?0.2


US Pat. No. 11,114,652

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SECONDARY BATTERY ELECTRODE, AND SECONDARY BATTERY ELECTRODE MANUFACTURED THEREBY

LG Chem, Ltd.


1. A method for manufacturing a plurality of unit electrodes, the method comprising:supplying an electrode sheet in a moving direction (MD), wherein the electrode sheet has a plurality of coated portions and a plurality of uncoated portions, wherein the coated portions and the uncoated portions are alternately arranged along the MD, wherein each coated portion has an electrode active material, and each uncoated portion does not have the electrode active material, and wherein the electrode active material is disposed on one or both surfaces of the electrode sheet; and
cutting the uncoated portions to form the plurality of unit electrodes, wherein each unit electrode includes one coated portion,
wherein the cutting of the uncoated portions comprises:
pressing a mold or cutter on a first uncoated portion of the plurality of uncoated portions,
wherein the first uncoated portion separates a first coated portion and a second coated portion of the plurality of coated portions,
wherein the mold or cutter has a first end and a second end that simultaneously cut the electrode sheet,
wherein the second end includes a recess portion,
wherein the first end cuts the electrode sheet such that the remaining electrode sheet under the first coated portion is flush with the first coated portion, and
wherein the second end simultaneously cuts the electrode sheet such that a portion of the uncoated portion in the shape of the recess portion remains.

US Pat. No. 11,114,651

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING CURVED DISPLAY PANEL

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...


1. A device for manufacturing a curved display panel, comprising:a carrying machine configured to carry a curved cover;
a flexible bag configured to fasten a flexible display device which is to be attached to the curved cover, wherein the flexible display device is disposed below the flexible bag in a vertical direction;
a supporting machine configured to fasten the flexible bag, wherein the flexible bag is disposed below the supporting machine in the vertical direction; and
an infusion equipment configured to infuse a liquid substance into the flexible bag when at least one portion of the flexible display device is located above the curved cover in the vertical direction, such that the flexible display device is attached to a central area and a bending area of an inner surface of the curved cover under a pressure applied by the liquid substance;
wherein the infusion equipment is further configured to infuse a gas into the flexible bag before infusing the liquid substance into the flexible bag, such that the flexible display device is bent under a tension applied by the flexible bag; and
the liquid substance is configured to apply the pressure to the flexible display device through the flexible bag to eliminate a gap between the flexible display device and the bending area of the inner surface of the curved cover during a process of bonding the flexible display device to the curved cover.

US Pat. No. 11,114,650

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING FLEXIBLE OLED DEVICE INCLUDING LIFT-OFF LIGHT IRRADIATION

Sakai Display Products Co...


1. A method for producing a flexible OLED device, comprising:providing a multilayer stack which has a first surface and a second surface, the multilayer stack includinga glass base which defines the first surface,
a plurality of functional layer regions each including a TFT layer and an OLED layer,
a synthetic resin film provided between the glass base and the plurality of functional layer regions and bound to the glass base, the synthetic resin film including a plurality of flexible substrate regions respectively supporting the plurality of functional layer regions and an intermediate region surrounding the plurality of flexible substrate regions, and
a protection sheet which covers the plurality of functional layer regions and which defines the second surface;

dividing the intermediate region and respective ones of the plurality of flexible substrate regions of the synthetic resin film from one another;
irradiating an interface between the plurality of flexible substrate regions of the synthetic resin film and the glass base with laser light; and
separating the multilayer stack into a first portion and a second portion by increasing a distance from a stage to the glass base while the second surface of the multilayer stack is kept in contact with the stage,
wherein the first portion of the multilayer stack includes a plurality of OLED devices which are in contact with the stage, and the plurality of OLED devices respectively include the plurality of functional layer regions and include the plurality of flexible substrate regions of the synthetic resin film,
the second portion of the multilayer stack includes the glass base and the intermediate region of the synthetic resin film,
a surface of the stage includes a first region which is to face the plurality of OLED devices and a second region which is to face the intermediate region of the synthetic resin film, and
suction in the first region is greater than suction in the second region.

US Pat. No. 11,114,649

LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...


1. A light-emitting display device comprising:a first substrate;
a first electrode layer on the first substrate;
a bank layer having an opening exposing part of the first electrode layer;
an emissive layer disposed on the first electrode layer;
a bank groove formed by recessing the bank layer;
a second electrode layer disposed on the emissive layer; and
a polarization layer disposed on the second electrode layer and is positioned to correspond to at least part of the bank layer,
wherein the emissive layer has a first portion disposed inside the bank groove and a second portion disposed outside the bank groove and the first and second portions are disconnected from each other,
wherein the polarization layer includes first and second polarization layers that have different polarization properties from each other,
wherein the first polarization layer and the second polarization layer are located in different positions, and
wherein at least one of the first polarization layer and the second polarization layer is directly located on a same layer as the first electrode layer is located, and another one of the first polarization layer and the second polarization layer is indirectly located on the second electrode layer.

US Pat. No. 11,114,648

UV-PROTECTED COMPONENT FOR OLEDS

Covestro Deutschland AG, ...


1. An organic radiation-emitting component comprising an active organic layer constituted to generate radiation and one or two radiation-output sides, wherein, on at least one radiation-output side of the component, a UV protective film is arranged and connected to the component, wherein the UV protective film contains at least one first layer (A) and a second layer (B), wherein the first layer (A) contains 1 to 7.5% by weight, with reference to the total weight of the first layer (A), of (6-[4,6-bis(4-phenylphenyl)-1H-1,3,5-triazin-2-ylidene]-3-(2-ethylhexoxy)cyclohexa-2,4-dien-1-one)-, and wherein the second layer (B) contains polycarbonate, and wherein the first layer (A) comprises polymethacrylate and has a thickness of from ?10 ?m to ?200 ?m, wherein the UV protective film is arranged relative to the active organic layer (2) in such a manner that its first layer (A) faces away from the active organic layer (2) and its second layer (B) faces towards the active organic layer (2) and wherein a gloss level for an angle of 60° from a surface, determined according to EN ISO 2813, of the first layer facing away from the active organic layer (2) is greater than or equal to 70.

US Pat. No. 11,114,647

PIXEL ELEMENT, METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME, DISPLAY CONTROL METHOD, AND DISPLAY PANEL

BOE Technology Group Co.,...


1. A pixel element, comprising a base substrate, and a display area and a non-display area located on the base substrate, wherein the pixel element further comprises:a control electrode, an adjustment layer, and a transparent electrode located in the non-display area, wherein the adjustment layer and the transparent electrode are arranged in a stack, the control electrode is located at an interface between the display area and the non-display area, and surrounds the adjustment layer, and there is a gap area between the control electrode and the adjustment layer; and
the adjustment layer comprises charged particles configured to move to the control electrode under a control of a first electric field, and to move to the transparent electrode under a control of a second electric field, wherein the first electric field and the second electric field are electric fields created after signals are applied to the control electrode and the transparent electrode respectively, and a direction of the first electric field is opposite to a direction of the second electric field.

US Pat. No. 11,114,646

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Chengdu BOE Optoelectroni...


1. An organic light emitting display panel, comprising: a substrate, a plurality of organic light emitting diode elements in an array on one side of the substrate, a phase compensation film on a side of the organic light emitting diode elements away from the substrate, and a circular polarizer on a side of the phase compensation film away from the organic light emitting diode elements;wherein the phase compensation film is configured to compensate for a phase of light obliquely incident to the circular polarizer, so that a difference between a phase retardation amount of the light obliquely passing through the circular polarizer and the phase compensation film and a phase retardation amount of light perpendicularly passing through the circular polarizer and the phase compensation film is less than a preset value;
wherein the circular polarizer comprises a linear polarizer and a ?/4 phase retardation film, wherein the ?/4 phase retardation film is located between the linear polarizer and the phase compensation film; and
wherein the phase compensation film comprises a first reactive liquid crystal layer and first alignment layers on two sides of the first reactive liquid crystal layer;
liquid crystals in the first reactive liquid crystal layer are polymeric liquid crystals provided with a self-alignment function;
the first alignment layers are made of an optical self-alignment material; and
alignment directions of the first alignment layers are same as self-alignment directions of the polymeric liquid crystals in the first reactive liquid crystal layer and are perpendicular to a plane where the first reactive liquid crystal layer is located.

US Pat. No. 11,114,645

POLARIZATION MEMBER AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....


1. A display device, comprising:a display panel; and
a polarization member on the display panel, the polarization member including:
a polarizer; and
a plurality of functional layers on at least one surface of the polarizer, at least one of the plurality of functional layers including a light absorbing dye that absorbs light having a wavelength of greater than about 380 nm and equal to or less than about 450 nm, wherein
the light absorbing dye includes at least two benzotriazole derivatives, the at least two benzotriazole derivatives are different from each other, and the at least two benzotriazole derivatives cause the light-absorbing dye to have a light transmittance in a wavelength range of greater than about 380 nm and equal to or less than about 400 nm of about 5% or less, and
one of at least two benzotriazole derivatives has a maximum absorption wavelength in the range of 350 nm to 360 nm, and the other of at least two benzotriazole derivatives has a maximum absorption wavelength in the range of 340 nm to 350 nm and 300 nm to 310 nm.

US Pat. No. 11,114,644

OLED DISPLAY PANEL AND OLED DISPLAY DEVICE

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...


1. An organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display panel, comprising:a substrate;
a light-emitting functional layer disposed on the substrate; and
at least two optical coupling layers disposed on the light-emitting functional layer and disposed in a direction in which light emits from the light-emitting functional layer;
wherein refractive indices of the at least two optical coupling layers are gradually decreased in the direction in which light emits from the light-emitting functional layer; and
thicknesses of the at least two optical coupling layers are gradually decreased in the direction in which light emits from the light-emitting functional layer.

US Pat. No. 11,114,643

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE WITH MICRO LENSES AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...


1. An organic light emitting display device, comprising:a substrate divided into an emission area and a non-emission area;
an overcoat layer disposed on the substrate and including a plurality of micro lenses in the emission area, and each of the plurality of micro lens including a convex region;
a first electrode disposed on the overcoat layer and disposed in the emission area;
an organic stacking layer disposed on the first electrode and including an organic emission layer, at least one surface of the organic stacking layer having a flat surface in the emission area;
a reflective layer between the first electrode and the organic stacking layer in the emission area; and
a second electrode disposed on the organic emission layer in the emission area and the non-emission area,
wherein the organic stacking layer is divided into a lower organic stacking layer disposed on the first electrode and an upper organic staking layer disposed on the lower organic stacking layer, and the upper organic stacking layer includes the emission layer, and the flat surface is one surface of the lower organic stacking layer in the emission area,
each of the plurality of micro lens further includes a concave region connected to the convex region, and the lower organic stacking layer is disposed at the concave region of the micro lens of the overcoat layer,
a morphology of the first electrode is corresponding to a morphology of the plurality of micro lenses in the emission area,
the first electrode comprises a convex portion and a connection portion,
the lower organic stacking layer covers the convex portion of the first electrode, and
the lower organic stacking layer comprises a hole injection layer, and
wherein the micro lens is divided into a first region, a second region, a third region, and a fourth region,
the first region corresponds to a concave region of the micro lens,
the second region corresponds to a first inclined surface of the micro lens, the first inclined surface extended from the concave region,
the third region corresponds to a second inclined surface extended from the first inclined surface, and
the fourth region corresponds to the convex region of the micro lens, and
wherein the reflective layer is disposed only in the first to third regions or the first and second regions of the micro lens.

US Pat. No. 11,114,642

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY PANEL, FLEXIBLE DISPLAY DEVICE, AND METHOD OF FABRICATING FLEXIBLE DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...


1. A flexible display panel, comprising:a flexible substrate;
a display layer on the flexible substrate; and
a lens layer and a color filter on the display layer;
wherein:
the display layer comprises a plurality of light-emitting units,
the color filter layer comprises a black matrix that defines a plurality of filter units, each filter unit corresponding to one of the plurality of light-emitting units,
the lens layer and the color filter are on a light-emitting side of the display layer,
the lens layer comprising at least one lens, the at least one lens corresponding to at least one of the plurality of filter units, and
the at least one lens is configured to magnify light emitted by a light-emitting unit into a magnified light spot, and project the magnified light spot onto a filter unit corresponding to the light-emitting unit, the magnified light spot having an area larger than a surface area of the corresponding filter unit in a non-stretched state, wherein an entirety of a light-emitting region of each of the plurality of light-emitting units is located within a focal length of the at least one lens.

US Pat. No. 11,114,641

DISPLAY PANEL HAVING THIN FILM LAYERS WITH RECESSES AND PROTRUSIONS

Bazhou Yungu Electronics ...


1. A display panel, comprising:a plurality of thin film layers;
wherein the plurality of thin film layers further comprises a first layer and a second layer adjacent to the first layer; the first layer defines a recess at a face toward the second layer, and the second layer further comprises a protrusion at a face toward the first layer, the protrusion is engaged in the recess, a diameter of a tip of the protrusion is larger than a diameter of a root of the protrusion, a shape of a space in the recess matches with a contour of the protrusion.

US Pat. No. 11,114,640

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...


1. A display substrate, comprisinga display area,
an edge area surrounding the display area,
a bonding adhesive at the edge area which is configured to bond the display substrate and a counter substrate with which the display substrate is to be assembled, and
a support structure on the edge area and on a side of the bonding adhesive away from the display area, wherein the support structure is configured to form support between the display substrate and the counter substrate which have been assembled with each other,
wherein a shape of a cross section of the support structure perpendicular to an extending direction of the display substrate on which the support structure is located is a trapezoid, and a bottom surface of the support structure having a larger area is in contact with the display substrate.

US Pat. No. 11,114,639

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY PANEL, FABRICATING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

HEFEIXINSHENG OPTOELECTRO...


1. A flexible display panel, comprising:a light emitting display unit comprising a display light emitting device; and
a controllable deformation unit comprising a control light emitting device and a photo-deformable layer in a light emitting direction of the control light emitting device,
wherein the photo-deformable layer is configured to deform under illumination of the control light emitting device; and
wherein an optical path of the control light emitting device and an optical path of the display light emitting device do not coincide with each other.

US Pat. No. 11,114,638

LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE, ARRAY SUBSTRATE, AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

Hefei Xinsheng Optoelectr...


1. A method of manufacturing a light-emitting diode in an array substrate for a display panel, the method comprising:forming a first electrode;
forming a light-emitting layer on the first electrode;
forming a second electrode on a side of the light-emitting layer distal to the first electrode;
forming a substantially transparent protective layer on a side of the second electrode distal to the light-emitting layer; and
forming a substantially transparent conductive layer on a side of the substantially transparent protective layer distal to the second electrode, wherein the substantially transparent conductive layer and the second electrode are formed to be electrically connected to each other;
wherein the forming a substantially transparent conductive layer comprises sputtering a metal oxide material in multiple sublayers on a side of the substantially transparent protective layer distal to the second electrode; wherein the sputtering the metal oxide material comprises sputtering the metal oxide material at a first deposition rate and a first sputtering power thereby forming a first sublayer and sputtering the metal oxide material at a second deposition rate and a second sputtering power thereby forming a second sublayer, the second deposition rate being greater than the first deposition rate, the second sputtering power being greater than the first sputtering power; wherein the first sublayer is formed to have a highest transmissivity and a lowest stress among all sublayers of the multi-layer film.

US Pat. No. 11,114,637

CURRENT-DRIVEN DISPLAY AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

INT TECH CO., LTD., Hsin...


1. A current-driven display, comprising:a substrate, comprising a plurality of light-emitting units and a spacer separating each of the plurality of light-emitting units from one another;
a first electrode layer, stacked on the substrate in a stacking direction, wherein the first electrode layer comprises a first region and a second region, wherein the first region and the second region contact one of the plurality of light-emitting units, respectively, and are separated by the spacer; and
a second electrode layer, equipotentially connecting the first region and the second region across the spacer,
wherein the first electrode layer comprises a first overlapping area and a first non-overlapping area, and the second electrode layer comprises a second overlapping area and a second non-overlapping area, the first overlapping area overlaps with the second overlapping area, the first non-overlapping area includes the first electrode layer and free from the second electrode layer, and the second non-overlapping area includes the second electrode layer and free from the first electrode layer.

US Pat. No. 11,114,636

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT DISPLAY PANEL, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...


1. An organic electroluminescent display panel comprising:a substrate;
an anode layer and a pixel defining layer over the substrate, the pixel defining layer defining pixel units, wherein a recess is provided in the pixel defining layer between adjacent pixel units;
a stack of organic electroluminescent units over the anode layer and the pixel defining layer, the stack comprising at least two organic electroluminescent units and a charge generation layer disposed between organic electroluminescent units which are adjacent to each other; and
a cathode layer over the stack;
wherein corresponding charge generation layers of the adjacent pixel units are disconnected at the recesses,
wherein the cathode layer is continuous at the recess, and
wherein the recess comprises two opposite sidewalls, and wherein each of the sidewalls has a first portion and a second portion protruding from the first portion towards the other sidewall.

US Pat. No. 11,114,635

METHOD FOR MAKING POLYMER SOLAR CELL

Tsinghua University, Bei...


1. A method for making a polymer solar cell, comprising:placing a carbon nanotube array into a polymer solution, wherein the carbon nanotube array comprises a plurality of carbon nanotubes, each of the plurality of carbon nanotubes has a first end and a second end opposite to the first end, the first end of each of the plurality of carbon nanotubes is exposed from the polymer solution, and the second end of each of the plurality of carbon nanotubes is immersed in the polymer solution;
curing the polymer solution to form a polymer layer, so that a photoactive layer consisting of the polymer layer and the plurality of carbon nanotubes is formed, wherein a material of the polymer layer is polymer, the polymer layer comprises a first polymer surface and a second polymer surface opposite to the first polymer surface, the first end of each of the plurality of carbon nanotubes is exposed from the polymer layer, and the second end of each of the plurality of carbon nanotubes is embedded in the polymer layer;
forming an insulating layer on the first polymer surface, wherein the first end of each of the plurality of carbon nanotubes passes through the insulating layer and exposed from the insulating layer;
forming a cathode electrode on a surface of the insulating layer away from the polymer layer, wherein the first end of each of the carbon nanotubes is in direct contact with the cathode electrode, the plurality of carbon nanotubes are electron acceptors, electrons are generated at a contact surface of the polymer layer and the plurality of carbon nanotubes, and an electrical path is defined from the plurality of carbon nanotubes to the cathode electrode; and
forming an anode electrode on the second polymer surface.

US Pat. No. 11,114,634

PHOTODIODE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...


1. A photodiode comprising:an anode;
a cathode; and
an intrinsic layer between the anode and the cathode, the intrinsic layer including lower, intermediate, and upper sublayers deposited in sequence, wherein a composition ratio of a P-type semiconductor relative to a N-type semiconductor is substantially constant throughout each of the lower, intermediate, and upper sublayers,
wherein each sublayer of the lower, intermediate, and upper sublayers includes both of the P-type semiconductor and the N-type semiconductor,
wherein the composition ratio of the P-type semiconductor relative to the N-type semiconductor in the lower sublayer is an inverse of the composition ratio of the P-type semiconductor relative to the N-type semiconductor in the upper sublayer,
wherein the composition ratio of the P-type semiconductor relative to the N-type semiconductor in the intermediate sublayer is about 5:1, and
wherein the composition ratio of the P-type semiconductor relative to the N-type semiconductor in the lower sublayer is greater than 10:1 and smaller than about 1000:1, and the composition ratio of the P-type semiconductor relative to the N-type semiconductor in the upper sublayer is smaller than 1:10 and greater than about 1:1000.

US Pat. No. 11,114,633

SOLAR ANTENNA ARRAY FABRICATION

NOVASOLIX, INC., Palo Al...


1. A method to construct a plurality of molecular-sized structures to perform a specific function, the method comprising, in order, and without intervening actions:a) creating an appropriate environment to create the molecular-sized structures;
b) creating a plurality of first molecular-sized structures in the appropriate environment;
c) creating a plurality of second molecular-sized structures, using the first molecular-sized structures; and
d) combining respective ones of the plurality of first molecular-sized structures and respective ones of the plurality of second molecular-sized structures to form a plurality of final structures;

wherein the plurality of final structures is enabled to perform the specific function, and
wherein the appropriate environment includes alternating lines of metal that are set to different respective voltage levels.

US Pat. No. 11,114,632

DISPLAY PANELS AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Kunshan Go-Visionox Opto-...


1. A display panel, comprising:a flexible screen comprising a display area and a non-display area, the non-display area comprising a bending area and an extending area, and the extending area and the display area being not coplanar;
an attaching layer formed on the display area, the attaching layer extending beyond the display area and covering and supporting the bending area; and
a support layer configured to support the display area and/or the extending area, the support layer being configured as a multi-layer structure, comprising:a first support film coupled to the display area; and
a second support film coupled to the extending area by adhesive or physical methods,
wherein the support layer comprises a padding block having hardness and elasticity and located between the display area and the extending area, wherein the padding block comprises silica gel.


US Pat. No. 11,114,631

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND FLEXIBLE DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...


1. A flexible display substrate, comprising:an elastic substrate;
a base film provided at one side of the elastic substrate, the base film being provided with a plurality of fracture structures; and
a display substrate provided at a surface of the base film facing away from the elastic substrate, wherein
an orthographic projection of the display structure on the elastic substrate has no overlap area with an orthographic projection of the fracture structure on the elastic substrate, wherein
the fracture structure has a fracture position, the fracture position is located at one side of the base film facing away from the elastic substrate,
the plurality of fracture structures are arranged in an array and comprise multiple first fracture structures and multiple second fracture structures;
the multiple first fracture structures are arranged alternately with the multiple second fracture structures;
an extending direction of a length of the first fracture structure is perpendicular to an extending direction of a length of the second fracture structure; and
orthographic projections of the first fracture structure and the second fracture structure on the elastic substrate both have a strip shape.

US Pat. No. 11,114,630

DISPLAY PANEL, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE Technology Group Co.,...


1. A display panel comprising:a substrate on a base;
a transistor stack on the substrate; and
a fluorescent layer between the base and the transistor stack,
wherein the fluorescent layer is configured to prevent light from damaging an active layer in the transistor stack in a laser lift-off process,
wherein an orthographic projection of the fluorescent layer on the base overlaps an orthographic projection of the active layer on the base, and
wherein the fluorescent layer comprises a photoresist mixed with at least one of an organic fluorescent material or an inorganic fluorescent material.

US Pat. No. 11,114,629

FOLDABLE DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....


17. A foldable display device comprising:a display panel; and
a supporter including a first support plate, a multi joint member, and a second support plate, the supporter supporting the display panel,
wherein the multi-joint member includes joint portions that are arranged between the first support plate and the second support plate, and a sliding member passing through the joint portions and movable through insides of the first support plate and the second support plate, the sliding member including a plate portion and a hook-shaped portion which are formed in one piece, and
wherein a shape of the sliding member in an unfolded state is the same as a shape of the sliding member in a folded state.

US Pat. No. 11,114,628

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A FLEXIBLE ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE (OLED) DISPLAY PANEL BY LASER LIFT-OFF OF A GLASS CARRIER THROUGH A PLANARIZATION LAYER

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...


1. A method of manufacturing a flexible OLED display panel, comprisingproviding a glass carrier, sequentially forming a flexible substrate, a low temperature poly-Si layer and an OLED element layer on a surface of the glass carrier;
forming a planarization layer on a second surface of the glass carrier which is away from the flexible substrate and obtaining a planarized OLED display panel;
removing the glass carrier by laser lift-off the planarized OLED display panel, and obtaining the flexible OLED display panel;
sequentially forming a packaging protecting layer, a flexible rear cover on the OLED element layer, the flexible substrate and the flexible rear cover forming an enclosed space for accommodating the OLED element layer and the packaging protecting layer; and
forming a touch wire on the flexible substrate; or forming a first blocking layer on the flexible substrate, and forming the touch wire on the first blocking layer.

US Pat. No. 11,114,627

MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR FLEXIBLE DISPLAY PANEL AND FLEXIBLE DISPLAY PANEL COMPRISING CONCAVE TAPERED ORGANIC LAYER

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...


1. A manufacturing method for flexible display panel, comprising:providing an array substrate, the array substrate comprising a semiconductor layer, dividing the flexible display panel into a pixel area and a bending area, adjacent to each other, the pixel area comprising the semiconductor layer;
disposing a second groove in the bending area, and the second groove forming a step structure in the array substrate, the step structure extending from inside of the array substrate towards direction opposite to inner wall of the second groove;
filling the second groove with an organic material, and the organic material filling the second groove forming a concave tapered groove with flat surface of the array substrate;
fabricating a source, a drain, and source/drain wiring on the array substrate, the source and the drain being connected to the semiconductor layer, the source/drain wiring covering the tapered groove; and
disposing a first groove in the pixel area, patterns of the first groove and the second groove being formed by same mask, and then filling the first groove with an organic material.

US Pat. No. 11,114,626

METAL COMPOUNDS, METHODS, AND USES THEREOF

Arizona Board of Regents ...


1. A compound having the formula



wherein each of L1, L2, L3, and L4 independently is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, carbene, or N-heterocyclic carbene;
wherein each of Z1, Z2, and Z3 independently is present or absent, and if present each of Z1, Z2, and Z3 independently is A, A1, or A2;
wherein each of A, A1, or A2 independently is O, S, S?O, SO2, Se, NR3, PR3, RP?O, CR1R2, C?O, SiR1R2, GeR1R2, BH, P(O)H, PH, NH, CR1H, CH2, SiH2, SiHR1, BH, or BR3;
wherein M is Pt, Pd, Au, Ir, Rh, Ru, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, Ag, Hg, Cd, or Zr;
wherein at least one of L1, L2, L3, or L4 comprises





wherein m and n independently is an integer from 0 to 4;wherein each of V, X, and Y independently is V1, V2, V3, V4, O, S, S?O, SO2, Se, N, NR3, PR3, R1P?O, CR1R2, C?O, SiR1R2, GeR1R2, BH, P(O)H, PH, NH, CR1H, CH2, SiH2, SiHR1, BH, or BR3, or any one of






wherein at least one of V, X, or Y is V1, V2, V3, or V4;
wherein m and n independently is an integer from 0 to 4;
wherein each of V1, V2, V3, and V4 independently is coordinated to M;
wherein each of V1, V2, V3, and V4 independently is N, C, CH, P, B, SiH, or Si; and
wherein each of R, R1, R2, R3, and R4, independently is hydrogen, aryl, cycloalkyl, cycloalkenyl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, deuterium, halogen, hydroxyl , thiol, nitro, cyano, amino, a mono- or di-alkylamino, a mono- or diaryl amino, alkoxy, aryloxy, haloalkyl, aralkyl, ester, nitrile, isonitrile, alkoxycarbonyl, acylamino, alkoxycarbonylamino, aryloxycarbonylamino, sulfonylamino, sulfamoyl, carbamoyl, alkylthio, sulfinyl, ureido, phosphoramide, amercapto, sulfo, carboxyl, hydrzino, substituted silyl, or polymerizable, or any conjugate or combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 11,114,625

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....


1. An organic light-emitting device comprising:a first electrode; a second electrode; an organic layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the organic layer comprising an emission layer, and
an electron transport region between the emission layer and the second electrode,
wherein the emission layer comprises a first compound represented by Formula 1 and a second compound represented by any one of Formulae 2-1 to 2-5; and
wherein the electron transport region comprises a third compound represented by Formula 7:






wherein in Formulae 1, 2-1 to 2-5, and 7,
A11, A12, A13, A14, A21, and A22 are each independently selected from a benzene, a naphthalene, a pyridine, a pyrimidine, a quinoline, an isoquinoline, a 2,6-naphthyridine, a 1,8-naphthyridine, a 1,5-naphthyridine, a 1,6-naphthyridine, a 1,7-naphthyridine, a 2,7-naphthyridine, a quinoxaline, a phthalazine, a quinazoline, and a cinnoline;
at least one of A21 and A22 is each independently selected from a quinoline, an isoquinoline, a 2,6-naphthyridine, a 1,8-naphthyridine, a 1,5-naphthyridine, a 1,6-naphthyridine, a 1,7-naphthyridine, a 2,7-naphthyridine, a quinoxaline, a phthalazine, a quinazoline, and a cinnoline;
X11 is N[(L12)a12-(R12)b12];
X21 is selected from N[(L22)a22-(R22)b22] and C[(L22)a22-(R22)b22][R26];
L11 to L13, and L71 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
L21 and L22 are each independently selected from groups represented by Formulae 3-1 to 3-19:








wherein in Formulae 3-1 to 3-19,
X31 is selected from O, S, and C(R33)(R34);
R31 to R34 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a cyano group, a nitro group, a methyl group, an ethyl group, an n-propyl group, an iso-propyl group, an n-butyl group, iso-butyl group, a sec-butyl group, a tert-butyl group, a phenyl group, and a naphthyl group;
b31 is selected from 1, 2, 3, and 4;
b32 is selected from 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6;
b33 is selected from 1, 2, and 3; and
* and *? each indicate a binding site to a neighboring atom;
a11 to a13, a21, a22, and a71 are each independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5;
R11 and R12 are each independently selected from RHT and RET, and at least one selected from R11 and R12 is RET;
R21 and R22 are each independently RHT,
provided that when X21 is N[(L22)a22-(R22)b22], R21 and R22 are each independently not a substituted or unsubstituted furanyl group, carbazolyl group, benzofuranyl group, benzothiophenyl group, dibenzofuranyl group, dibenzothiophenyl group, benzocarbazolyl group, dibenzocarbazolyl group, thianthrenyl group, phenoxathinyl group, or dibenzodioxinyl group, and
when X21 is C[(L22)a22-(R22)b22][R26], R21 is not a substituted or unsubstituted phenyl group or a substituted or unsubstituted fluorenyl group;
R71 is selected from groups represented by Formulae 6-1 to 6-44 and 6-46 to 6-63 below:
















wherein in Formulae 6-1 to 6-44 and 6-46 to 6-63,
R61 and R62 are each independently selected from:
deuterium, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a carbazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, —N(Q41)(Q42), and —Si(Q43)(Q44)(Q45); and
a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a carbazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group, —N(Q51)(Q52), and —Si(Q53)(Q54)(Q55);
b61 is selected from 1, 2, 3, and 4; and
b62 is selected from 1, 2, and 3;
b63 is selected from 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6;
b64 is selected from 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5;
b65 is selected from 1 and 2; and
* indicates a binding site to a neighboring atom,
wherein Q41 to Q45 and Q51 to Q55 are each independently selected from a methyl group, an ethyl group, an n-propyl group, an iso-propyl group, an n-butyl group, an iso-butyl group, a sec-butyl group, a tert-butyl group, a phenyl group, a biphenyl group, a naphthyl group, and a fluorenyl group;
b11, b12, b21, and b22 are each independently selected from 1, 2, 3, and 4;
R13 to R16, R26, and R72 to R80 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q1)(Q2), —Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), and —B(Q6)(Q7);
R23 to R25 are each independently selected from hydrogen and a phenyl group;
b13 to b16 and b23 to b25 are each independently selected from 1, 2, 3 and 4;
RHT is a hole transport group selected from:
a phenyl group, a pentalenyl group, an indenyl group, a naphthyl group, an azulenyl group, a heptalenyl group, an indacenyl group, an acenaphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenalenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a naphthacenyl group, a picenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a rubicenyl group, a coronenyl group, an ovalenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a thianthrenyl group, a phenoxathinyl group, and a dibenzodioxinyl group;
a phenyl group, a pentalenyl group, an indenyl group, a naphthyl group, an azulenyl group, a heptalenyl group, an indacenyl group, an acenaphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenalenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a naphthacenyl group, a picenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a rubicenyl group, a coronenyl group, an ovalenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a thianthrenyl group, a phenoxathinyl group, and a dibenzodioxinyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a carbazolyl group, —N(Q41)(Q42), —Si(Q43)(Q44)(Q45), and —B(Q46)(Q47); and
a phenyl group, a pentalenyl group, an indenyl group, a naphthyl group, an azulenyl group, a heptalenyl group, an indacenyl group, an acenaphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a spiro-fluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a phenalenyl group, a phenanthrenyl group, an anthracenyl group, a fluoranthenyl group, a pyrenyl group, a chrysenyl group, a naphthacenyl group, a picenyl group, a perylenyl group, a pentaphenyl group, a hexacenyl group, a pentacenyl group, a rubicenyl group, a coronenyl group, an ovalenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furanyl group, a carbazolyl group, a benzofuranyl group, a benzothiophenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, a dibenzothiophenyl group, a benzocarbazolyl group, a dibenzocarbazolyl group, a thianthrenyl group, a phenoxathinyl group, and a dibenzodioxinyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, and a carbazolyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a carbazolyl group, —N(Q51)(Q52), —Si(Q53)(Q54)(Q55), and —B(Q56)(Q57);
RET is an electron transport group selected from:
a pyrrolyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, an indazolyl group, a purinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a phthalazinyl group, a naphthyridinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a phenanthridinyl group, an acridinyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a benzophenanthrolinyl group, a phenazinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, a naphthoimidazolyl group, a benzothiazolyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a triazinyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an imidazoquinolinyl group, an imidazoisoquinolinyl group, a pyridobenzofuranyl group, a pyrimidobenzofuranyl group, a pyridobenzothiophenyl group, and a pyrimidobenzothiophenyl group;
a pyrrolyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, an indazolyl group, a purinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a phthalazinyl group, a naphthyridinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a phenanthridinyl group, an acridinyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a benzophenanthrolinyl group, a phenazinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, a naphthoimidazolyl group, a benzothiazolyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a triazinyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an imidazoquinolinyl group, an imidazoisoquinolinyl group, a pyridobenzofuranyl group, a pyrimidobenzofuranyl group, a pyridobenzothiophenyl group, and a pyrimidobenzothiophenyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a carbazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a triazinyl group, —N(Q41)(Q42), —Si(Q43)(Q44)(Q45), and —B(Q46)(Q47); and
a pyrrolyl group, an imidazolyl group, a pyrazolyl group, a thiazolyl group, an isothiazolyl group, an oxazolyl group, an isoxazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrazinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a pyridazinyl group, an isoindolyl group, an indolyl group, an indazolyl group, a purinyl group, a quinolinyl group, an isoquinolinyl group, a benzoquinolinyl group, a phthalazinyl group, a naphthyridinyl group, a quinoxalinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, a cinnolinyl group, a phenanthridinyl group, an acridinyl group, a phenanthrolinyl group, a benzophenanthrolinyl group, a phenazinyl group, a benzimidazolyl group, a naphthoimidazolyl group, a benzothiazolyl group, an isobenzothiazolyl group, a benzoxazolyl group, an isobenzoxazolyl group, a triazolyl group, a tetrazolyl group, an oxadiazolyl group, a triazinyl group, an imidazopyridinyl group, an imidazopyrimidinyl group, an imidazoquinolinyl group, an imidazoisoquinolinyl group, a pyridobenzofuranyl group, a pyrimidobenzofuranyl group, a pyridobenzothiophenyl group, and a pyrimidobenzothiophenyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a carbazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, and a triazinyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C1-C20 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a fluorenyl group, a benzofluorenyl group, a dibenzofluorenyl group, a carbazolyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a triazinyl group, —N(Q51)(Q52), —Si(Q53)(Q54)(Q55), and —B(Q56)(Q57); and
at least one substituent of the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, the substituted C6-C60 arylene group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, the substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, the substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, the substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, the substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, the substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, the substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and the substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group is selected from:
deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group;
a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q11)(C12), —Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15), and —B(Q16)(Q17);
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q21)(Q22), —Si(Q23)(Q24)(Q25), and —B(Q26)(Q27); and
—N(Q31)(Q32), —Si(Q33)(Q34)(Q35), and —B(Q36)(Q37);
wherein Q1 to Q7, Q11 to Q17, Q21 to Q27 and Q31 to Q37 are each independently selected from hydrogen, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, and
wherein Q41 to Q47 and Q51 to Q57 are each independently selected from a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

US Pat. No. 11,114,624

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT MATERIALS AND DEVICES

UNIVERSAL DISPLAY CORPORA...


1. A compound comprising a first ligand LA having Formula I:



wherein ring B is a 5 or 6-membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring;
wherein RB represents mono to the possible maximum number of substitution, or no substitution;
wherein Z1 and Z2 are each independently selected from the group consisting of carbon or nitrogen;
wherein A1, A2, A3, and A4 are each independently CR or N;
wherein ring C is a 5 or 6-membered aromatic ring;
n is 0 or 1;
wherein when n is 0, A8 is not present, and A5, A6, and A7 are each independently selected from the group consisting of CR, NR?, O, S, and Se;
wherein when n is 1, A5, A6, A7, and A8 are each independently CR or N, and at least two adjacent A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, A7, and A8 are CR and the Rs are joined together to form a six-membered ring fused to ring A or ring C;
wherein, if (i) n=0, (ii) at least two adjacent A5, A6, and A7, are CR and the Rs are joined together to form a six-membered ring fused to ring C, and (iii) ring B is imidazole, then Z1 is carbene carbon;
wherein each R and R? in CR or NR? can be the same or different;
wherein X is O, S, or Se;
wherein R, R? and RB are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halide, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heteroalkyl, arylalkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, amino, silyl, alkenyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroalkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, heteroaryl, acyl, carbonyl, carboxylic acids, ester, nitrile, isonitrile, sulfanyl, sulfinyl, sulfonyl, phosphino, and combinations thereof;
wherein any adjacent substituents are optionally joined or fused into a ring;
wherein the ligand LA is coordinated to a metal M;
wherein the metal M is bonded to ring A through a M-C bond;
wherein the metal M can be coordinated to other ligands; and
wherein the ligand LA is optionally linked with other ligands to comprise a tridentate, tetradentate, pentadentate or hexadentate ligand.

US Pat. No. 11,114,623

ORGANIC SALTS FOR HIGH VOLTAGE ORGANIC AND TRANSPARENT SOLAR CELLS

Board of Trustees of Mich...


1. A photo-active device comprising:a substrate;
a first electrode disposed on at least one surface of the substrate;
an active layer comprising an organic salt comprising a counterion selected from the group consisting of halides, aryl borates, carboranes, phosphates, fluoroantimonates, fluoroborates, derivatives thereof, and combinations thereof, wherein the phosphates do not include fluorophosphates; and
a second electrode,
wherein the active layer is positioned between the first electrode and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 11,114,622

COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....


1. A compound represented by Formula 1:



wherein, in Formula 1,
R1, R12, R13, and R17 are each independently hydrogen or deuterium;
R2 to R11 and R14 to R16 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, halogen, an amino group, a nitro group, a nitrile group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, provided that R14 and R16 are not both a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group at the same time;
wherein only one selected from R5 to R8 comprises a group represented by Formula 1-1:




wherein, in Formula 1-1, Ar1 and Ar2 are each independently selected from a group represented by one of Formulae 3a, 3b, and 3d to 3g, and Ar1 and Ar2 are not linked to each other to form a ring:




wherein, in Formulae 3a, 3b, and 3d to 3g,
H1 in Formula 3g is selected from O, S, NR21, and CR22R23;
R21 to R23, and Z1 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, halogen, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C20 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, and Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15);
p in Formula 3a is an integer selected from 1 to 5, p in Formula 3b is an integer selected from 1 to 7, p in Formula 3d is an integer selected from 1 to 4 and p in Formulae 3e to 3g is an integer selected from 1 to 6,
wherein when p is 2 or more, 2 or more Z1(s) are identical to or different from each other; and
*indicates a binding site,
provided that when Ar1 and Ar2 are both represented by Formula 3a at the same time, at least one Z1 is selected from deuterium, halogen, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, and Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15);
X is selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group; and
m is an integer selected from 0 to 5, and when m is 2 or more, 2 or more X(s) are identical to or different from each other;
wherein at least one substituent of the substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, substituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, substituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, substituted C6-C60 aryl group, substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, substituted C6-C60 arylene group, substituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group is selected from the group consisting of:
deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group,
a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q11)(Q12), —Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15), and —B(Q16)(Q17),
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q21)(Q22), —Si(Q23)(Q24)(Q25), and —B(Q26)(Q27), and
Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15),
wherein Q11 to Q17 and Q21 to Q27 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group,
wherein the compound represented by Formula 1 includes only one azepine moiety.

US Pat. No. 11,114,621

ELECTROACTIVE MATERIALS

LG Chem, Ltd.


1. An electroactive composition comprising (a) a host compound having the following Formula I and (b) a photoactive dopant




wherein:R1 is D;
a is an integer from 0-7;
b is an integer from 0-8;
c is an integer from 0-4; and
d is an integer from 0-7; an
a+b+c+d=15-26.

US Pat. No. 11,114,620

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE DEVICE AND COMPOUND FOR CHARGE GENERATION LAYER INCLUDED THEREIN

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....


11. A compound for a charge generation layer, comprising:at least one boron-containing compound; and
at least one metal halide containing a metal having a work function of 4.0 eV or less;
wherein the boron (B) of the boron-containing compound and the metal (M) of the metal halide are bonded to each other by a one-electron sigma bond.

US Pat. No. 11,114,619

CONJUGATED POLYMER FOR A PHOTOACTIVE LAYER, A COATING COMPOSITION INCLUDING THE CONJUGATED POLYMER, AND AN ORGANIC SOLAR CELL INCLUDING THE PHOTOACTIVE LAYER

Korea Institute of Scienc...


1. A conjugated polymer that is an electron donor, that is soluble without aggregation, that is solution-coatable and is dryable at a temperature below 70° C., and that has an energy conversion efficiency of 7% or more over an area of 5 cm2 or more, the conjugated polymer comprising:a repeating unit represented by Chemical Formula 1A below:




where x is a real number from 0.1 to 0.2; and n is an integer from 1 to 1,000.

US Pat. No. 11,114,618

ORGANIC LAYER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, DIRECTIONAL HEAT SOURCE ASSEMBLY, AND DISPLAY PANEL

HEFEI XINSHENG OPTOELECTR...


1. A method of manufacturing an organic layer, the method comprising:forming an organic material solution layer on a substrate; and
heating, by a directional heat source assembly, at least a first portion of organic material solution of the organic material solution layer that is inside a pending area of the substrate and a second portion of the organic material solution of the organic material solution layer that is outside the pending area of the substrate, a heating efficiency of the directional heat source assembly to the first portion of the organic material solution being greater than a heating efficiency of the directional heat source assembly to the second portion of the organic material solution, to increase an evaporation rate of the first portion of the organic material solution,
whereby, a thickness difference of the organic layer that is cured from the organic material solution layer is reduced, due to different evaporation rates of the first portion of the organic material solution and the second portion of the organic material solution;
wherein the directional heat source assembly comprises a planar directional heat source configured to generate heat radiation, and a mask comprising a shielding part configured to shield the heat radiation from the planar directional heat source and at least an opening part having an adjustable size and configured to pass the heat radiation from the planar directional heat source therethrough; and
wherein the heating at least a first portion of organic material solution of the organic material solution layer further comprises:aligning the mask with the substrate so that the opening part of the mask is aligned with the pending area of the substrate; and
heating, by the planar directional heat source, the first portion of the organic material solution of the organic material solution layer through the opening part of the mask.


US Pat. No. 11,114,617

SPIROACRIDINE DERIVATIVES

Rohm and Haas Electronic ...


1. A composition comprising a compound having structure (I)




wherein each of A1, A2, A3, A6, A7, and A8 is independently CR12; wherein each of A4 and A5 is independently N; wherein J1 is C; wherein J2 is O; wherein each of R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, R11, and R12 is independently H.

US Pat. No. 11,114,616

TI-BASED AMORPHOUS ALLOY AND PHASE CHANGE MEMORY DEVICE APPLYING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...


1. A titanium-based amorphous alloy comprising:titanium;
antimony;
at least one metallic component, wherein the at least one metallic component includes Ni; and
at least one additional metallic component or at least one metalloid component,wherein the titanium-based amorphous alloy is Te-free, and
the titanium-based amorphous alloy being configured as a phase-change material capable of having a reversible phase change between a titanium-based amorphous alloy phase and at least one crystalline phase.


US Pat. No. 11,114,615

CHALCOGENIDE MEMORY DEVICE COMPONENTS AND COMPOSITION

Micron Technology, Inc., ...


1. A method, comprising:selecting, for a memory operation, a memory cell comprising a chalcogenide material that comprises selenium, germanium, and indium, wherein the indium is in an amount ranging from greater than 10 at. % to 15 atomic percent (at. %) of the chalcogenide material, and wherein the selenium is in an amount greater than or equal to 40 at. % of the chalcogenide material; and
applying, during the memory operation, one or more voltages to the memory cell.

US Pat. No. 11,114,614

PROCESS FOR FABRICATING RESISTIVE MEMORY CELLS

STMicroelectronics (Rouss...


1. A device, comprising:a plurality of first electrodes arranged in a plurality of rows extending along a first direction and a plurality of columns extending along a second direction that is transverse to the first direction;
a plurality of first dielectric layers extending along the second direction, each of the first dielectric layers extending over a respective column of the first electrodes;
a plurality of second electrodes extending along the second direction, each of the second electrodes extending over a respective one of the plurality of first dielectric layers;
a plurality of word lines extending along the first direction;
a second dielectric layer on the plurality of word lines; and
a plurality of first conductive contacts extending through the second dielectric layer, the first electrodes being electrically coupled to the word lines by the first conductive contacts.

US Pat. No. 11,114,613

CROSS-POINT MEMORY AND METHODS FOR FORMING OF THE SAME

Micron Technology, Inc., ...


1. A memory device, comprising:a plurality of first conductive lines;
a plurality of memory cell pillars disposed over the plurality of first conductive lines, wherein each of the memory cell pillars comprises a selector material element and a storage material element disposed above the selector material element;
a first isolation material positioned between the plurality of first conductive lines and between the selector material elements of the plurality of memory cell pillars; and
a sealing material laterally surrounding each storage material element and disposed between a topmost surface of the first isolation material and at least one conductive line of a plurality of second conductive lines different than the plurality of first conductive lines.

US Pat. No. 11,114,612

MAGNETORESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

UNITED MICROELECTRONICS C...


1. A method for fabricating semiconductor device, comprising:forming a magnetic tunneling junction (MTJ) stack on a substrate;
removing part of the MTJ stack;
forming a first cap layer on a sidewall of the MTJ stack; and
removing portions of the first cap layer and portions of the MTJ stack to form a first MTJ and a second MTJ.

US Pat. No. 11,114,611

METHOD TO MAKE MRAM WITH SMALL FOOTPRINT


1. A method to make a high density magnetic random access memory (HDMRAM) comprising:a deposition process of a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) multilayer film on a substrate surface connecting VIAs of select transistors of a control circuitry;
a doping process of oxygen gettering materials into the MTJ multilayer film;
a first photolithography patterning process to form a first hard mask in a first direction on the MTJ multilayer film;
a first oxygen ion implantation process to implant oxygen atoms into the MTJ multilayer film regions uncovered by the first hard mask;
a second photolithography patterning process to form a second hard mask in a second direction on the MTJ multilayer film;
a second oxygen ion implantation process to implant oxygen atoms into the MTJ multilayer film regions uncovered by the second hard mask;
a thermal annealing process for oxidizing and transforming the MTJ multilayer film regions uncovered by either the first hard mask or the second hard mask into electrical insulation regions on the substrate and forming small footprint MRAM elements covered by both the first hard mask and the second hard mask, and a high density MTJ array.