US Pat. No. 11,031,744

BELT STRUCTURES FOR ROTARY ELECTRICAL CONTACT DEVICE

1. A rotary electrical contact device, comprising:a first sheave disposed about a first axis;
a second sheave;
a third sheave;
a fourth sheave, wherein the third sheave and the fourth sheave revolve around the first axis during operation of the device; and
a belt that extends around at least a portion of each of the first, second, third, and fourth sheaves such that the belt makes electrical contact with each of the four sheaves, the belt comprising:
a first helical coil; and
a second helical coil, the second helical coil being wound around the first helical coil.

US Pat. No. 11,031,743

ELECTRIC CONNECTION MEMBER

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A electric connection member for electrically connecting terminals to each other, the electric connection member comprising:a busbar including a plurality of terminal connecting portions and a live portion located between the terminal connecting portions;
a protector portion that has a busbar mounting surface on which the live portion of the busbar is mounted, and insulates and protects the live portion; and
a cover that is coupled to the protector portion and covers a surface of the live portion,
wherein the cover has an abutment portion that abuts against the surface of the live portion,
the abutment portion includes a pressure contact surface that is in direct or indirect contact with the surface of the live portion while being pressed against the surface of the live portion in a state in which the cover is coupled to the protector portion,
the pressure contact surface is in direct contact with the surface of the live portion while being pressed against the surface of the live portion, and
a thickness of the busbar is larger than a separation distance between the pressure contact surface of the cover and the busbar mounting surface of the protector portion in a state in which the cover is coupled to the protector portion without the busbar.

US Pat. No. 11,031,742

CONTACT AND BUSBAR ASSEMBLY FORMING A BUS SYSTEM ON ELECTRONICS HOUSINGS

1. A contact and busbar assembly, comprising(a) at least one bus plug having at least one first connecting contact, at least one second connecting contact configured as a socket contact; and
(b) at least one power rail strip having a flexible middle section and nonflexible sections on opposite ends of said flexible middle section, said nonflexible sections of said power rail strip being connected with said socket contacts of adjacent bus plugs; and
(c) at least one cover removably connected with each bus plug and connected with said nonflexible sections of said power rail strip to connect adjacent bus plugs to one another, whereby said connected bus plugs define a bus system for connecting an array of electronics housings each of which contains a circuit board adapted for connection with respective first connecting contacts of an associated bus plug.

US Pat. No. 11,031,741

SMART CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

Cummins Inc., Columbus, ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a connector assembly including a base, wherein the base includes an embedded printed circuit board (PCB) and a plurality of signal pins, wherein the plurality of signal pins electrically couple the PCB to a vehicle harness; and
the connector assembly further including a mating connector for mechanically coupling the connector assembly to the vehicle harness and a releasable connection between the mating connector and the base, wherein the releasable connection is expandably received in a portion of the base to axially secure the base to the mating connector, wherein the base includes a slot and the mating connector includes an inner radial groove that aligns with the slot to receive the releasable connection therebetween.

US Pat. No. 11,031,740

COAXIAL CABLE ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A connector comprising:(a) at least one signal terminal extending in a front-rear direction; at least two ground terminals extending in the front-rear direction disposed on both sides in a width direction of the signal terminal; and a housing that holds the signal terminal and the ground terminal; wherein:
(b) all of the ground terminals are integrally formed with one ground coupling member extending in the width direction;
(c) the housing is integrally formed with the signal terminal, the ground terminal, and the ground coupling member by insert molding;
(d) the signal terminal has a contact portion that comes into contact with a counterpart signal terminal and a tail portion that is soldered to a core wire of a coaxial cable exposed from the housing;
(e) the ground coupling member includes a shield connecting portion that is exposed from the housing on a rear side of the tail portion of the signal terminal and soldered to a shield of the coaxial cable; and
(f) the ground terminal has a portion other than a contact portion that comes into contact with a counterpart ground terminal embedded in the housing.

US Pat. No. 11,031,739

PROTECTIVE PLUG FOR CONNECTOR

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A protective plug for a connector comprising a shielding cage, the shielding cage having an insertion space therein and a front end opening in communication with the insertion space, the front end opening being provided with a plurality of leaf springs, each leaf spring having an elastic arm extending rearwardly and inwardly, the elastic arm having a contact portion, the protective plug comprising:a cover body to cover the front end opening; and
an insertion body that extends rearwardly from the cover body for insertion into the insertion space, the insertion body having at least one first contact surface facing the corresponding leaf spring, the first contact surface having a leaf spring acting surface portion extending forwardly and inwardly,
when the protective plug is inserted to the insertion space of the shielding cage, the contact portion of the leaf spring contacts the leaf spring acting surface portion and applies a component force toward the rear to the leaf spring acting surface portion,
wherein the first contact surface further has a peak portion. the leaf spring acting surface portion is an oblique surface obliquely extending forwardly and inwardly from the peak portion, after the protective plug is completely inserted to the insertion space of the shielding cage, the contact portion of the leaf spring stops at a contact position on the leaf spring acting surface portion, and there is a predetermined distance between the contact position and the peak portion.

US Pat. No. 11,031,738

MULTIPLE SOCKET PANEL DEVICE WITH ANTI-CROSSTALK SHIELDING STRUCTURE

JYH ENG TECHNOLOGY CO., L...

1. A multiple socket panel device with anti-crosstalk shielding structure, comprising:a main base body having an accommodation space therein;
a plurality of socket sets corresponding to the main base body, wherein each socket set further comprises:
a substrate;
a plurality of prick type terminals provided on a surface of the substrate, and the prick type terminals penetrate the substrate to another surface of the substrate;
a plurality of sockets provided on the other surface of the substrate and combined to the main body, wherein each socket comprises a jack, and a plurality of wire terminals for electrical connection provided in the jack and connected with the plurality of prick type terminals provided on the substrate to form electrical conduction;
a plurality of shielding sleeve bases connected to each socket, wherein the shielding sleeve bases are made of metal material;
a back plate correspondingly combined with the main base body, and covers the socket sets and the shield sleeve;
wherein the main base body comprises a plurality of top plates and a plurality of slots provided on the top of the main base body, and the top plates and slots are alternately disposed.

US Pat. No. 11,031,737

SHIELDED BOARD-TO-BOARD CONNECTOR

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A board-to-board connector, comprising:first and second shields of the receptacle and the plug discontinuously surrounds the first and second signal contact elements;
the first shield and the second shield form a third shield that continuously surrounds the plurality of first signal contact elements of the receptacle and the plurality of second signal contact elements of the plug; and
wherein the plug and the receptacle are further configured in a manner that, when the plug is positioned in the receptacle, each second signal contact element of the plurality of second signal contact elements of the plug is in contact with a corresponding first signal contact element of the plurality of first signal contact elements of the receptacle, a sidewall of the first shield of the receptacle and a sidewall of the second shield of the plug are positioned next to to each other and directly contactable with each other and the sidewall of the first shield of the receptacle faces and is parallel to the sidewall of the second shield of the plug.

US Pat. No. 11,031,736

OUTER CONDUCTOR TERMINAL AND SHIELD CONNECTOR

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...

1. An outer conductor terminal, comprising:a body surrounding an outer periphery of an inner conductor terminal, the body having a rear end with an opening and having a side surface with a body-side lock;
a lid having a back plate hinged to the body for closing the opening of the body;
a side plate projecting forward from the back plate of the lid to cover the side surface of the body;
a front abutting portion bulging inward on the side plate of the lid, the front abutting portion contacting the body-side lock from the front; and
a rear abutting portion on a front surface of the back plate of the lid, the rear abutting portion contacting the body-side lock from behind to sandwich the body-side lock between the front abutting portion and the rear abutting portion and to hold the lid in a closed state,
at least one of the body-side lock and the rear abutting portion contacting the other with a resilient force.

US Pat. No. 11,031,735

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

HIROSE ELECTRIC CO., LTD....

1. An electrical connector assembly comprising:a first electrical connector and a second electrical connector mated in a manner permitting plugging into and unplugging from each other, wherein
the first electrical connector has multiple first terminals used for signal transmission arranged such that a direction perpendicular to the direction of plugging into and unplugging from the second electrical connector is the terminal array direction;
said first terminals, in their free end portions located on the connector mating side, have contact arm portions extending in the direction of plugging and unplugging;
the second electrical connector has multiple second terminals used for signal transmission arranged in the same direction as the terminal array direction;
said second terminals, in their free end portions located on the connector mating side, have convex contact point portions contactable with intermediate portions of the contact arm portions of the first terminals in the direction of plugging and unplugging;
a section of the contact arm portions of the first terminals that extends from the location of contact with the convex contact point portions of the second terminals to the free end portion of said contact arm portions in the direction of plugging and unplugging forms a stub portion; the sections of the first terminals other than the stub portion and the second terminals constitute a main transmission path; and,
within a predetermined range of an electrical length within the main transmission path inclusive of the location of contact in the main transmission path of the first terminals and the second terminals, the impedance of at least a partial range of an electrical length from the location of contact in the main transmission path of one or more of the first terminals and the second terminals of said predetermined range is made smaller than the impedance of the stub portion.

US Pat. No. 11,031,734

MODULAR ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR WITH REDUCED CROSSTALK

TE Connectivity Services ...

1. An electrical connector for use in an electrical connector system which controls cross talk and signal radiation, the electrical connector comprising:a housing having a plurality of modules, the modules having mating ends and mounting ends;
signal contacts positioned in the modules, the signal contacts extending between the mating ends and the mounting ends, the signal contacts being arranged in pairs to carry differential signals;
ground contacts positioned in the modules, the ground contacts extending between the mating ends and the mounting ends, respective ground contacts of the ground contacts being positioned adjacent to respective signal contacts of the signal contacts;
ground plates positioned in the modules, the ground plates extending between the mating ends and the mounting ends, the ground contacts being electrically connected to the ground plates.

US Pat. No. 11,031,733

TERMINAL FITTING

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A terminal fitting, comprising:a rectangular tube; and
a stabilizer for preventing inverted insertion projecting on an outer surface of the rectangular tube,
insertion into a cavity formed in a connector housing being allowed when the terminal fitting is facing the cavity in a proper posture while being prohibited by the stabilizer interfering with the connector housing when the terminal fitting is facing the cavity in a posture inverted from the proper posture;
wherein an oblique insertion restricting portion provided on a corner part of the rectangular tube and recessed while extending in a direction intersecting an inserting direction of the terminal fitting into the connector housing and configured for restricting the insertion of the rectangular tube by a material of an inner wall of the cavity biting into the oblique insertion restricting portion when the terminal fitting is inserted into the cavity in an orientation inverted from the proper posture and in an oblique posture.

US Pat. No. 11,031,732

LEVER-TYPE CONNECTOR

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A lever-type connector comprising:a housing configured to be inserted and removed from a mating housing of a mating connector;
a lever, pivotally mounted on the housing, and that is pivotally operable between a temporary locking position and a fitting completion position of the lever, the lever comprising:
a pair of side plates arranged along surfaces on both sides of the housing; and
an operating portion that connects ends of the side plates;
a lock portion, provided on the housing, and that locks the lever positioned at the fitting completion position, the lock portion having a flexible arm portion, the flexible arm portion having at least one recessed edge extending in a longitudinal direction of the flexible arm portion; and
a locking protrusion formed on at least one of the pair of side plates of the lever,
wherein the housing is configured to be fitted to the mating housing by rotating the lever from a fitting start position to the fitting completion position;
wherein the housing has a pair of walls that are provided at both sides of the lock portion, the pair of walls protruding upward from an upper surface of the housing;
wherein at least one arm protection wall is provided on an upper edge of one wall of the pair of walls at a position spaced away from front and rear distal edges of the one wall of the pair of walls in the longitudinal direction, the at least one arm protection wall extending inward so as to cover the at least one recessed edge of the lock portion;
wherein the lock portion is configured to lock the operating portion of the lever at a space formed between the pair of walls;
wherein an escape groove is formed on at least one of the sides of the housing,
wherein the locking protrusion is configured to move through the escape groove when the lever is pivotally operated between the temporary locking position and the fitting completion position; and
wherein a final locking surface is formed on one end of the escape groove and is configured such that the locking protrusion in the escape groove rides on the final locking surface when the lever reaches the fitting completion position, the final locking surface having a tapered surface.

US Pat. No. 11,031,731

BREAKAWAY CONNECTORS FOR COAXIAL CABLES

PPC BROADBAND, INC., Eas...

1. A breakaway coaxial cable connector, comprising:a connector portion configured to be affixed to a prepared end of a coaxial cable; and
an adapter portion configured to be removably coupled with the connector portion and slidingly coupled with an interface port;
wherein the connector portion includes a first retention structure configured to be coupled with a second retention structure of the adapter portion at a first retention force,
wherein the adapter portion includes a resilient contact configured to couple the adapter portion with the interface port at a second retention force while the adapter portion is coupled with the connector portion at the first retention force,
wherein the second retention force is greater than the first retention force such that an axial tension force greater than the first retention force and less than the second retention force applied to the connector portion causes the first retention structure and the second retention structure to become uncoupled from one another such that the connector portion becomes uncoupled from the adapter portion, and
wherein the resilient contact is configured to maintain the adapter portion coupled with the interface port when the axial tension force is applied to the connector portion.

US Pat. No. 11,031,730

FLOATING CONNECTOR

1. A floating connector comprising: a frame, and a contact housing that is movable inside an aperture of the frame in a surface defined by the aperture and that is rotatable about an axis that extends perpendicularly to the surface defined by the aperture, wherein the contact housing has an essentially cylindrical outer surface with the cylinder axis extending perpendicularly to the surface defined by the aperture, wherein the shape of the outer surface of the contact housing is essentially ovally cylindrical, and wherein the frame is mounted onto a support, a gap is provided between the frame and the support, which gap is open towards the aperture, and the contact housing is provided with a flange, which flange extends into the gap.

US Pat. No. 11,031,729

BLOOD PUMP CONNECTORS

TC1 LLC, St. Paul, MN (U...

1. An implantable blood pump system comprising:an implantable blood pump;
a controller coupled to the blood pump;
a connector receptacle comprising:
a plurality of contacts; and
a following surface comprising a first and a second key; and
a connector insert configured to be received within the connector receptacle to couple a plurality of insert contacts with the plurality of contacts of the connector receptacle, the connector insert comprising:
walls defining a follower receptacle configured to receive a portion of the following surface when the connector insert is in a desired alignment with respect to the connector receptacle; and
a cam surface configured to engage with the following surface to bias the connector insert to the desired alignment with respect to the connector receptacle when the connector insert is inserted into the connector receptacle.

US Pat. No. 11,031,728

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

1. A battery pack comprising:a battery strap for coupling a battery cell to a battery pack terminal, the battery strap comprising a lead wire connecting portion including a plateau portion having a first surface and a second surface opposed to the first surface and a trough formed in the first surface and an overlap portion adjacent to the plateau portion forming a space between the plateau portion, the trough and the overlap portion to receive a lead wire, wherein the trough extends beyond the overlap portion; and
a lead wire received in the trough, at least a portion of the lead wire positioned between the overlap portion and the trough.

US Pat. No. 11,031,727

CONNECTOR WITH CABLE COVER

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A connector with cable cover, comprising:a housing including a terminal accommodation chamber configured to accommodate a terminal connected to a cable and a rear surface configured to draw out the cable from the housing; and
a cable cover formed in a tubular shape and attached to a side of the rear surface, wherein
a water drain passage is formed between a rear side on a side surface of the housing and a front side on an inner surface of the cable cover in a state where the cable cover is attached to the housing,
the cable cover has a body cover attached to the side of the rear surface, and a lid cover integrated with the body cover into a tubular shape and covering the cable, and
the water drain passage is formed between a front side on an inner surface of the body cover and the rear side on the side surface of the housing.

US Pat. No. 11,031,726

CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY HAVING INFLOW RESISTANT INTERFACE

Tyco Electronics AMP Kore...

1. A connector assembly, comprising:a cap housing having a first fastener and a first end portion formed thereon;
a plug including:
a first end portion to be inserted into the cap housing,
a plug-side flange including a plurality of first stepped portions, the plug-side flange protruding from an outer side of the plug, the first end portion of the cap housing is inserted into the plug-side flange, the first end portion including a plurality of second stepped portions corresponding to a shape of the first stepped portions, and
a second fastener formed on the plug and configured to be fastened to the first fastener; and
a position assurance member coupled to the plug and the cap housing, the position assurance member having a coupling flange into which a second end portion of the plug and a second end portion of the cap housing are inserted,
wherein the plug-side flange is bent toward a direction in which the plug-side flange is coupled to the cap housing, and
wherein the plug-side flange is formed on an entire outer circumference of the plug.

US Pat. No. 11,031,725

ELECTRICAL RECEPTACLE CONNECTOR

Advanced-Connectek Inc., ...

1. An electrical receptacle connector, comprising:an insulated housing comprising a base portion and a tongue portion, wherein the tongue portion is outwardly extending from one end of the base portion, and a coverage region adjacent to the base portion is held on a surface of the tongue portion;
a plurality of receptacle terminals, wherein the receptacle terminals are held in the base portion and disposed at an upper surface of the tongue portion or a lower surface of the tongue portion, each of the receptacle terminals comprises a body portion and a contact portion, the body portion is held in the base portion and the tongue portion, and the contact portion is outwardly extending from one end of the body portion and disposed at the upper surface of the tongue portion or the lower surface of the tongue portion, each of the receptacle terminals comprises an avoidance portion between the contact portion and the body portion, and the avoidance portion of each of the receptacle terminals is covered by the coverage region of the tongue portion, wherein a thickness of the avoidance portion of each of the receptacle terminals is less than a thickness of the contact portion of each of the receptacle terminals; and
a metallic shell comprising a receptacle cavity, wherein the insulated housing is received in the receptacle cavity.

US Pat. No. 11,031,724

STACKED CONNECTOR AND WIRE HARNESS

SUMITOMO WIRING SYSTEMS, ...

1. A wire harness comprising:a stacked connector formed by joining a plurality of split connectors to each other, in which the split connectors each include: a split connector housing provided with a plurality of terminal receiving chambers; and a plurality of terminal-equipped electric wires that each include a terminal received in the terminal receiving chamber and an electric wire to which the terminal is connected, and at least one of the split connector housings is provided with a locking portion having a protruding shape that protrudes outward to be capable of locking the terminal-equipped electric wire received in the split connector housing of a joining counterpart; and
a joint connector that includes a joint terminal provided with a linking piece and a plurality of tab terminals protruding in parallel to each other from the linking piece, and a joint connector housing in which the joint terminal is housed and by which the joint terminal is supported, the joint connector being capable of being fitted to the stacked connector,
wherein the split connector housing located in one surface layer of the stacked connector is provided with a locking protrusion,
the joint connector housing is provided with a locking receiving portion that is formed to deform elastically more easily than the locking protrusion, the locking protrusion being inserted into and locked to the locking receiving portion,
the locking receiving portion is cantilevered in a direction opposite to a direction in which the locking protrusion is inserted to the locking receiving portion from an inner portion of the locking receiving portion, and
a first plurality of the stacked connectors are connected to the joint connector from a front side of the joint connector, and a second plurality of the stacked connectors are connected to the joint connector from a rear side of the joint connector.

US Pat. No. 11,031,723

CABLE HEADER

CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a cable header block with one or more apertures having a first pattern;
one or more floating inserts configured to be received by the one or more apertures; and
a cover plate with one or more through-holes having a second pattern, the cover plate configured to retain the one or more floating inserts within the one or more apertures when the cover plate is coupled to the cable header block with the through-holes positioned relative to the one or more floating inserts based on a position of a fastener secured to at least one of the cable header block and the cover plate.

US Pat. No. 11,031,722

SEALING COVER, UPPER COVER ASSEMBLY, AND COMPRESSOR

PANASONIC WAN BAO APPLIAN...

1. A sealing cover, comprising:a cover body, and
a wire fixing part, and
wiring terminals,
wherein:
the cover body comprises a top cover and a side wall, and the cover body is of a half-surrounded structure;
the wire fixing part comprises a bottom plate and side plates, the bottom plate is arranged in the cover body, a wire accommodating space is defined by the bottom plate, the top cover and the side wall of the cover body, and a fitting space is formed between the side wall and a side of the bottom plate which is opposite to the wire accommodating space;
the side plates are arranged in the wire accommodating space and fixed vertically on the bottom plate, and each two adjacent side plates forms a wire guide slot with the bottom plate; and each wire guide slot is provided with a guide hole on the bottom plate;
the wire fixing part further comprises positioning bars arranged on the bottom plate at each wire guide slot, and the guide holes are located on the positioning bars;
each wiring terminal comprises an electrical connector and a lead wire fixing base, the electrical connector is fixedly connected to an end of the lead wire fixing base and is inserted into the wire guide slot, and the lead wire fixing base is exposed out of the wire guide slot; the electrical connector comprises two clamping pieces, one end of each of the two clamping pieces is fixed to the lead wire fixing base, the two clamping pieces are arranged symmetrically, and a clamping gap is formed between the two clamping pieces; and when the electrical connector is inserted into the wire guide slot, the positioning bar in the wire guide slot is clamped by the two clamping pieces, so that a lower side of the clamping gap is propped open by the positioning bar to fix the electrical connector, wherein a resilient latch of the connector stuck in a positioning groove of the fixing wire part.

US Pat. No. 11,031,721

INTERFACE UNIT FOR A PLUG SYSTEM HAVING TYPE CODING

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A cable-side interface unit for a plug system for transmitting electric power in a high-voltage on-board power system of a vehicle, wherein the plug system comprises the cable-side interface unit and a specific component-side interface unit that are able to be plugged together to produce a plug connection, wherein the cable-side interface unit comprises:one or more power contact parts configured to transmit electric power and to make contact with corresponding power contact parts of the specific component-side interface unit;
a housing configured to at least partly enclose the one or more power contact parts of the cable-side interface unit and to fix a cable to the cable-side interface unit, wherein the cable comprises lines that are electrically conductively connected to the one or more power contact parts of the cable-side interface unit inside the housing; and
colored and/or physical type coding arranged on an outer wall of the housing identifying the specific component-side interface unit of the plug system from a plurality of different component-side interface units of the on-board power system;
wherein the housing comprises fixing means for fixing the cable to the cable-side interface unit;
wherein the colored and/or physical type coding is arranged on the fixing means for fixing the cable to the cable-side interface unit;
wherein the fixing means for fixing the cable to the cable-side interface unit has two cones that are plugged into one another and have a complementary profile along a direction of extent of the cable; and
wherein the colored and/or physical type coding is arranged on at least one of the cones.

US Pat. No. 11,031,720

CONNECTOR WITH TERMINAL FITTING

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A connector, comprising:a terminal supporting body and a terminal covering body slidable relative to each other;
a male terminal fitting supported in the terminal supporting body, the male terminal fitting including a projecting male tab; and
a housing including an accommodating portion internally provided with an accommodation space capable of accommodating the terminal supporting body and the terminal covering body and a receptacle connected to the accommodating portion, configured to surround the male tab and internally provided with a fitting space, a mating female connector being fittable into the fitting space:
wherein:
the terminal covering body is relatively slidable between a protection position for covering the male tab and an exposed position for exposing the male tab and includes a plate-like covering body capable of covering the male terminal fitting;
a contact portion is provided on a plate surface of the covering body;
a contact stop portion configured such that the properly accommodated terminal covering body is stopped in contact therewith the contact portion is provided on an inner surface of the accommodating portion; and
the terminal supporting body relatively slides to displace the terminal covering body to the exposed position, is accommodated properly in the accommodating portion and locates the male tab in the receptacle when a force of a certain magnitude or higher is applied with the terminal covering body at the protection position stopped in contact with the contact stop portion; and
wherein one of the terminal supporting body and the terminal covering body is provided with a deflectable and deformable semi-locking portion, and the other is provided with a restricting portion configured to be resiliently locked to the semi-locking portion at the protection position and to restrict a relative displacement of the terminal covering body to the exposed position unless the force of the certain magnitude or higher is applied to the terminal supporting body.

US Pat. No. 11,031,719

POWER CONNECTOR

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A connector comprising:a housing, the housing having a cavity formed along an insertion direction, the cavity having a pair of spaced apart slots, a protrusion, the protrusion is disposed between the slots of the housing and a shoulder formed in the slots;
a terminal, the terminal configured to be inserted into the cavity, the terminal having a body portion, the body portion having a contacting portion extending along the insertion direction and a wire securing portion extending along the insertion direction, the body portion having a pair of spaced apart rails extending at an angle from the body portion and configured to communicate with the slots formed in the cavity upon insertion of the terminal into the cavity, a tang, the tang is formed in the body portion of the terminal extending between the rails and engages the shoulder formed in the slot upon insertion of the terminal in the housing;
a TPA, the TPA configured to be fixably attached to the housing, the TPA having a locking arm, the locking arm having a pair of spaced apart projections that are configured to be inserted into the slots formed in the cavity of the housing; and
wherein the rails formed on the terminal are positioned between the shoulder formed in the slots in the housing and the projections formed on the TPA.

US Pat. No. 11,031,718

CONNECTOR WITH A HOUSING HAVING A LOCKING LANCE WITH A RESTRICTING PORTION TO RESTRICT OUTWARD DEFORMATION OF THE LOCKING LANCE

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A connector, comprising:a housing having an insertion space and a stopper facing outward on the housing at a position external of the insertion space;
an inserting member insertable into the insertion space along an inserting direction;
a locking lance formed in the housing and cantilevered substantially along the inserting direction of the inserting member such that an outer surface of the locking lance is exposed to outside of the housing, the locking lance being resiliently deformed toward the outer surface in the process of inserting the inserting member into the insertion space and resiliently returning to retain the inserting member when the inserting member is properly inserted into the insertion space; and
a restricting portion formed on the locking lance, the restricting portion restricting a displacement of the locking lance into the insertion space by contacting the stopper of the housing.

US Pat. No. 11,031,717

DUAL CONTACT MEMBER AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE THEREWITH

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing including a first plate, a second plate facing away from the first plate, and a conductive side member surrounding a space between the first and second plates;
a printed circuit board disposed in the space, parallel to the first plate, and including an opening;
a first conductive structure disposed in the space and at least partially located between the printed circuit board and the first plate;
a second conductive structure disposed in the space and at least partially located between the printed circuit board and the second plate; and
a flexible conductive member located between the first and second conductive structures through the opening to construct an electrical path between the first and second conductive structures,
wherein the flexible conductive member includes:
a base fixed to the printed circuit board;
a first flexible portion having a first height from the base, protruding from the base toward the first plate, and in contact with the first conductive structure; and
a second flexible portion having a second height from the base, protruding from the base toward the second plate, and in contact with the second conductive structure,
wherein the base further comprises a first peripheral portion and a second peripheral portion parallel to the first peripheral portion,
wherein the first flexible portion further comprises:
a first portion protruding from the first peripheral portion toward the first plate;
a second portion bent from the first portion toward the second peripheral portion;
a third portion bent from the second portion toward the first plate; and
a fourth portion bent from the third portion toward the first peripheral portion, and
wherein the second flexible portion further comprises:
a fifth portion protruding from the second peripheral portion toward the second plate;
a sixth portion bent from the fifth portion toward the first peripheral portion;
a seventh portion bent from the sixth portion toward the second plate; and
an eighth portion bent from the seventh portion toward the second peripheral portion.

US Pat. No. 11,031,716

TERMINAL STRUCTURE FOR USE IN POWER FEEDING

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A terminal structure for use in power feeding, comprising:a first terminal; and
a second terminal;
the first terminal including a base portion and a tip portion, the first terminal having a shape extending from the base portion to the tip portion along an axis of the first terminal, the first terminal being insertable into and removable from the second terminal, the second terminal being tubular,
the first terminal having a first form at a predetermined temperature, the first form being a form in which an outer dimension of the tip portion is smaller than an outer dimension of the base portion when viewed in a direction of a central axis of the first terminal,
the first terminal being configured to deform into a second form when a temperature of the first terminal exceeds the predetermined temperature, the second form being a form of the first terminal in which an outer dimension of the tip portion is larger than the outer dimension of the tip portion of the first form when viewed in a direction of the central axis of the first terminal.

US Pat. No. 11,031,715

CONNECTION TERMINAL HAVING A REDUCED SIZE

1. A connection terminal for connecting at least one electrical conductor, comprising:a housing;
a first connection space formed in the housing;
a second connection space formed in the housing;
a first busbar piece arranged in the first connection space;
a second busbar piece arranged in the second connection space;
a first torsion spring which is arranged in the first connection space and has a clamping limb and a retaining limb; and
a second torsion spring which is arranged in the second connection space and has a clamping limb and a retaining limb,
wherein the first connection space and the second connection space adjoin one another,
wherein the first torsion spring is arranged in the first connection space and the second torsion spring is arranged in the second connection space such that the retaining limb of the first torsion spring is supported by the retaining limb of the second torsion spring, and
wherein, in order for the retaining limb of the first torsion spring to be supported by the retaining limb of the second torsion spring, an edge region of a free end of the first torsion spring abuts an edge region of a free end of the second torsion spring.

US Pat. No. 11,031,714

ARRANGEMENT AND VALVE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An arrangement for a hydraulic valve, comprising:at least one magnet coil arranged in an actuator housing;
at least one male electric contact configured to electrically contact the at least one magnet coil, the at least one electric contact defining a receiving feature;
a female blade receptacle having opposed first and second ends and being configured to electrically contact the at least one electric contact at the first end;
a holding mechanism disposed on an inner side of the blade receptacle, the holding mechanism configured to engage into the receiving feature so as to fix the blade receptacle on the at least one electric contact in a first spatial direction; and
a housing component arranged spaced apart from the actuator housing, the at least one electric contact, and the blade receptacle and positioned so as to cover the at least one electric contact and the blade receptacle in the first spatial direction, the blade receptacle electrically connected to the housing component at the second end.

US Pat. No. 11,031,713

SPRING PROBE CONNECTOR FOR INTERFACING A PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD WITH A BACKPLANE

SMITHS INTERCONNECT AMERI...

1. A spring probe connector that connects to a backplane and a printed circuit board of a modular connector assembly, the spring probe connector comprising:a hollow barrel defining a first opening and a second opening;
a plunger configured to be received by the first opening, the plunger having a contact tip that protrudes from the first opening and is configured to make electrical contact with the backplane;
one or more springs positioned within the hollow barrel and configured to apply a load onto the plunger; and
a contact end that protrudes from the second opening and is configured to connect with the printed circuit board of the modular connector assembly, the contact end having a central portion, the central portion having two posterior engagement arms and an anterior engagement arm extending therefrom, the two posterior engagement arms opposing the anterior engagement arm, the two posterior engagement arms being configured to engage with a posterior side of an edge of the printed circuit board and the anterior engagement arm being configured to engage with an anterior side of the edge.

US Pat. No. 11,031,712

CONNECTOR FOR A PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD EQUIPPED WITH AN ELECTRICAL SIGNAL TRANSMISSION LINE CONDUCTING ENCLOSURE

RAYDIALL, Voiron (FR)

1. A connector, designed for a connection to a printed circuit board, the connector extending along a longitudinal axis (X) and comprising:an electrically-conducting body,
at least one contact accommodated, at least in part, within the body with interposition of an electrical insulator between them,
a housing defining an accommodation configured for receiving all or part of the body, the housing comprising a cavity,
an electrically-conducting cover composed of at least one piece comprising a plurality of main faces, wherein the cover is inserted in the electrically-conducting body in such a manner that at least one of the main faces covers a front of the electrical insulator in a rear part of an accommodation for receiving the electrical insulator inside of the electrically-conducting body which is lacking a wall,
wherein the electrically-conducting cover comprises protruding portions which protrude above the body and are arranged into the cavity of the housing so as to form two blocking points for blocking in two directions along the longitudinal axis (X), the electrically-conducting cover in the housing.

US Pat. No. 11,031,711

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR OF CHARGING DEVICE

Advanced Connectek Inc., ...

1. An electrical connector suitable for being disposed on a circuit board, comprising: a terminal set, comprising a plurality of terminals, wherein each of the terminals comprises a contact portion, a soldering portion connecting to the circuit board, and a bending portion connected between the contact portion and the soldering portion; a first insulator, structurally integrated with the contact portions; at least one second insulator, structurally integrated with the terminals and located between the bending portions and the soldering portions; and a third insulator, locked with the second insulator; wherein the terminal set is divided into a first group of terminals and a second group of terminals, and the electrical connector comprises a pair of second insulators, wherein one of the second insulators is structurally integrated with the first group of terminals, and the other one of the second insulators is structurally integrated with the second group of terminals, further comprising two separated metallic plates disposed on the first insulator and located between the first group of terminals and the second group of terminals, wherein the two separated metallic plates are partially and respectively exposed out two opposite sides of a tongue portion of the first insulator.

US Pat. No. 11,031,710

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR AND WIRE HARNESS ASSEMBLY WITH COMPRESSION CONTACTS

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A wire harness assembly comprising:a first connector;
a second connector;
conductors extending between the first connector and the second connector;
contacts provided on the second connector, the contacts have termination sections which are mounted on the second connector, compliant sections which extend from the termination sections, and substrate engagement sections which extend from the compliant sections, the termination sections having folded over areas provided proximate free ends, insulation displacement slots provided in the folded over areas cooperate with the conductors;
the second connector having a housing with an upper surface and an oppositely facing lower surface, contact-receiving enclosures extend from the upper surface in a direction away from the lower surface, the contact-receiving enclosures are dimensioned to receive the free ends of the termination sections of the contacts and a portion of the folded over areas therein, contact-receiving projections extend from the lower surface in a direction away from the upper surface, slots provided in the contact-receiving projections, the slots are dimensioned to receive and retain a portion of the folded over areas of the termination sections therein;
conductor-receiving conduits provided between the upper surface and the lower surface, the conductor-receiving conduits are dimensioned to receive a portion of the conductors therein, wherein the conductors positioned in the conductor-receiving conduits extend through the contact-receiving enclosures.

US Pat. No. 11,031,709

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR FOR CIRCUIT BOARDS AND MOUNTING ARRANGEMENT FOR ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR FOR CIRCUIT BOARDS

HIROSE ELECTRIC CO., LTD....

1. An electrical connector for circuit boards mounted to a circuit board, the electrical connector for circuit boards comprising:a housing comprising an electrically insulating material,
signal terminals and non-signal terminals used as at least one of ground terminals and power supply terminals, which are made of a metallic material and retained within said housing, and
reinforcing fittings attached to the housing, wherein
the non-signal terminals are located outside an array range of the signal terminals,
the reinforcing fittings are located adjacent to said non-signal terminals,
the non-signal terminals comprise connecting legs for connection to the circuit board,
the reinforcing fittings comprise attachment legs for attachment to the circuit board,
the connecting legs of the non-signal terminals and the attachment legs of the reinforcing fittings are located adjacent to each other in an array direction of the signal terminals within a single through-hole provided in a common land formed on a mounting face of the circuit board and extended around a periphery of the single through-hole and
wherein the connecting legs and the attachment legs pass though the single through-hole and are solder-connected to said land on the mounting face;
wherein a through-thickness direction of the attachment legs of the reinforcing fittings intersects a direction of plugging and unplugging of the counterpart connector on the mounting face.

US Pat. No. 11,031,708

BOARD EDGE CONNECTOR

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A board edge connector comprising:an insulating housing which has an elongated shape extending in a length direction and comprising a board edge slot extending in the length direction, two side walls extending in the length direction and forming the board edge slot and at least one key integrally configured in the board edge slot and extending in a width direction, the key comprising a top portion and two surfaces opposite to each other in the length direction, a plate body receiving portion being provided alongside each of the two surfaces of the key, and the plate body receiving portion comprising a holding recess;
a plurality of terminals which are mounted in the insulating housing; and
a metal keycap which sheathes the key along a downward direction facing the key and comprises a top surface covering the top portion of the key, plate bodies respectively received in the two plate body receiving portions and an elastic holding ann positioned on at least one side of the plate body, the elastic holding arm latching to the holding recess of the plate body receiving portion, wherein the holding recess of the plate body receiving portion comprises a holding shoulder positioned in the holding recess and facing downwardly and a holding end is a tip of the elastic holding arm and is latched to the holding shoulder in the holding recess of the plate body receiving portion.

US Pat. No. 11,031,707

RETAINING RING TERMINAL

FEW Automotive Glass Appl...

1. A retaining ring terminal comprising:a one-piece electrical connector having a crimp style cable connector portion and a female post connector portion wherein the post connector portion includes a planer ring and inner tabs that receives a post or male electrical connector;
wherein the planar ring has an inner circumference and an outer circumference, wherein the inner tabs are positioned along an inner circumference of the planar ring and are angled at a height from the planar ring;
wherein the inner tabs that receive the post extend inwardly, are symmetrically positioned and all have the same size and shape;
wherein the inner tabs along the inner circumference of the planar ring form an opening having a diameter ranging from a first inner tab edge surface on a first inner tab to a second inner tab edge surface on a second inner tab opposite the first inner tab and having a corresponding radius half the distance of the diameter;
wherein the female post connector portion has a low profile opening in that the ratio of the height of the inner tabs with respect to the planar ring to the radius of the opening of the inner tabs is 0.6;
where the planar ring further comprises a ring groove that extends through the planar ring into the opening, wherein the ring groove forms a tab groove as a tab groove portion of the ring groove extends towards the opening and wherein the tab groove portion of the ring groove has the same height, angle and width as the other inner tab grooves with respect to the planar ring; and
wherein the planar ring further comprises a first end and a second end adjacent to the ring groove, wherein the first end of the planar ring and the second end of the planar ring comprises a ring hole.

US Pat. No. 11,031,706

HIGH VOLTAGE SUPERCONDUCTORS FOR DATACENTER CAMPUS

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A system for powering a datacenter campus, the system comprising:a first main direct current (DC) superconductor cable configured to receive direct current DC electrical power from a first alternating current (AC) power grid through a first AC-DC converter;
a second main DC superconductor cable configured to receive DC electrical power from a second AC power grid through a second AC-DC converter;
a DC-DC hub connected to the first and second main superconductor cables; and
a plurality of secondary DC superconductor cables, wherein each secondary DC superconductor cable includes a first end electrically connected to the DC-DC hub and a second end electrically connected to server racks housed in a respective datacenter building of the datacenter campus.

US Pat. No. 11,031,705

ELECTRONIC DEVICE HOUSING INCORPORATING A CABLE CONNECTING DEVICE

1. An electronic device, comprising:a housing body for housing components, comprising a connecting device which has a receiving space for a shield conductor section; and
a housing cover movable between a starting position and an end position for covering a housing body section,
wherein the connecting device has at least one cover which is configured so as to be movably arranged on the housing body between an open position, in which it opens an opening of the receiving space, and a closed position, in which it closes the opening,
wherein locking means are provided with at least one locking member which is movable between a locking position, in which it blocks a movement of the cover in the closed position, and an unlocking position, in which it unlocks the cover for movement,
wherein the locking means have at least one blocking element which is movable between a blocking position, in which it blocks a movement of the locking member from a locking position into an unlocking position, and an unblocking position, in which permits movement of the locking member between a locking position and an unlocking position,
wherein the housing cover is mounted on the housing body so as to be pivotable about a pivot axis, and
wherein a pivot axis of the cover is arranged transversely to the pivot axis of the housing cover.

US Pat. No. 11,031,704

CABLE WITH NANOPARTICLE PASTE

Lockheed Martin Corporati...

1. A connector assembly comprising:a cable comprising:
a plurality of cable strands forming a void space between the plurality of cable strands; and
a metal adhesive paste comprising a plurality of metallic nanoparticles disposed in the void space, wherein the plurality of metallic nanoparticles each comprises a surfactant; and
a connector comprising:
a connector end; and
a conductor connector sleeve coupled to the connector end, wherein the conductor connector sleeve receives the plurality of cable strands in a first position, and compresses the plurality of cable strands and the metal adhesive paste and displaces the surfactant in a second position.

US Pat. No. 11,031,703

ANTENNA UNIT AND ANTENNA SYSTEM

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. An antenna unit, comprising:a radiator comprising a first antenna unit and a second antenna unit that are disposed opposite to, spaced apart from and structurally complementary to each other;
a dielectric layer; and
an antenna ground plane;
wherein the radiator, the dielectric layer and the antenna ground plane are sequentially stacked,
the first antenna unit is provided with a feeding point connected to an external power source and two first grounding points connected to the antenna ground plane, and
the second antenna unit is provided with three second grounding points connected to the antenna ground plane;
wherein a coupling gap is provided between the first antenna unit and the second antenna unit;
wherein the feeding point, the two first grounding points and the three second grounding points are arranged close to the coupling gap;
wherein the first antenna unit comprises a rectangular body portion and an extending portion extending from a corner portion, close to the second antenna unit, of the rectangular body portion towards the second antenna unit, and the second antenna unit comprises a recess portion arranged corresponding to the extending portion.

US Pat. No. 11,031,702

PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA STRUCTURE

AUDEN TECHNO CORP., Taoy...

1. A phased array antenna structure, comprising:a carrier;
a radiative layer including N number of radiating portions disposed on the carrier, wherein N is a positive integer greater than one;
a circuit layer disposed on the carrier and including:
N number of phased antenna units respectively corresponding in position to the N numbers of the radiating portions, wherein each of the phased antenna units includes a plurality of phased antennas spaced apart from each other and having different lengths; and
a transmission circuit including a feeding end and N number of externally connecting ends, wherein the N number of the externally connecting ends are respectively arranged adjacent to the N number of the phased antenna units; and
N number of phase switching units respectively corresponding in position to the N number of the phased antenna units, wherein the N number of phase switching units are respectively connected to the N number of the externally connecting ends of the transmission circuit, and are respectively connected to the N number of radiating portions,
wherein in each of the phased antenna units and the corresponding phase switching unit, the phase switching unit is configured to selectively connect with only one of the phased antennas, so that the phased array antenna structure is able to generate at least 2N number of antenna patterns, and wherein the transmission circuit includes:
a feeding circuit having the feeding end and a connecting end opposite to the feeding end, wherein the feeding end is disposed on an edge of the carrier; and
a branch circuit having the N number of the externally connecting ends, wherein the connecting end of the feeding circuit is connected to the branch circuit, and a plurality of paths respectively defined from the N number of the externally connecting ends to the connecting end have the same distance.

US Pat. No. 11,031,701

ELECTRONIC DEVICE

BEIJING XIAOMI MOBILE SOF...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a device body;
a flexible screen assembled on the device body; and
an antenna component assembled on the device body, wherein
the device body has a contracted status and an extended status,
the flexible screen has a bent display status corresponding to the contracted status and an unfolded display status corresponding to the extended status, and
the antenna component comprises at least one tuning circuit and at least one radiating element conductively connected with the at least one tuning circuit, wherein
the at least one tuning circuit is conductively connected with a main board of the device body,
the main board, upon receiving a first signal, controls the device body to be in the extended status, and transmits a second signal to the at least one tuning circuit to enable the at least one radiating element to form a first antenna scheme,
the main hoard, upon receiving a third signal, controls the device body to be in the contracted status, and transmits a fourth signal to the at least one tuning circuit to enable the at least one radiating element to form a second antenna scheme different from the first antenna scheme,
the device body comprises an antenna working position, and the at least one radiating element comprises at least one basic radiating element disposed at the antenna working position,
the device body comprises an internal assembly position, and the at least one radiating element comprises at least one auxiliary radiating element disposed at the internal assembly position, when the at least one auxiliary radiating element is in the internal assembly position, an insulating isolator is disposed between each of the at least one auxiliary radiating element and each of the at least one basic radiating element, and
the antenna component comprises a driving element and the driving element is configured to cooperate with the at least one auxiliary radiating element to drive the at least one auxiliary radiating element to move to the internal assembly position according to the contracted status of the device body and move to the antenna working position according to the extended status of the device body.

US Pat. No. 11,031,700

ANTENNA MODULE AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An antenna module comprising:a dielectric substrate;
patch antennas disposed at locations near a first main surface of the dielectric substrate;
a radio frequency circuit component mounted at a location near a second main surface of the dielectric substrate opposite the first main surface and electrically connected to the patch antennas; and
an identification mark located in an antenna arrangement area, wherein the antenna arrangement area is an area of the dielectric substrate near the first main surface of the dielectric substrate except for an outer circumferential area in which the patch antennas are not arranged when viewed in a plan view of the first main surface,
wherein the identification mark is located in the antenna arrangement area so as not to overlap feed points provided in respective ones of the patch antennas when viewed in a plan view of the first main surface,
wherein the patch antennas include a first patch antenna, a second patch antenna, a third patch antenna and a fourth patch antenna,
wherein the first patch antenna and the second patch antenna are adjacent to each other in a row direction in the plan view,
wherein the third patch antenna and the fourth patch antenna are adjacent to each other in the row direction,
wherein the first patch antenna and the third patch antenna are adjacent to each other in a column direction intersecting with the row direction in the plan view,
wherein the second patch antenna and the fourth patch antenna are adjacent to each other in the column direction in the plan view, and
wherein the identification mark is located so as to contain a center of gravity of a planar shape connecting the feed point of the first patch antenna, the feed point of the second patch antenna, the feed point of the third patch antenna, and the feed point of the fourth patch antenna to each other in the plan view.

US Pat. No. 11,031,699

ANTENNA WITH GRADED DIELECTIRC AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A package comprising:a ground layer of metal over a chip of die;
an antenna over the ground layer; and
a dielectric lens over the antenna, the dielectric lens comprising a plurality of dielectric layers having graded dielectric constants along a direction from the antenna toward a top surface of the package, wherein horizontal dimensions of the plurality of dielectric layers of the dielectric lens increase along a direction from the antenna towards the top surface of the package such that the dielectric lens is in a taper shape with a top side broader than a bottom side.

US Pat. No. 11,031,698

BROAD-BAND SLOT ANTENNA COVERED ON THE REAR SIDE, AND ANTENNA GROUPS COMPRISING SAME

KATHREIN BROADCAST GMBH

1. A slot antenna comprising a circumferential housing wall, a rear wall, a feed element, and a feed point, wherein:the feed element is electrically connected at two opposite connecting points to the housing wall,
the feed element is narrower at the connecting points than in the middle area between the connection points,
at an edge of the middle section between the connecting points, the feed point as well as a corresponding opening in the housing wall are located,
at the feed point, a conductor is connectable to supply the slot antenna,
the feed element has at least two slots,
at least on one outer side, preferably on both outer sides, a covering longitudinal plate is provided, which defines together with parts of the surrounding housing wall a clear space for wiring, and the width of the short side of the covering longitudinal plate is greater than the width of the long side of the covering longitudinal plate,
a first section of the covering longitudinal plate forms a housing angle with the surrounding housing wall, which ranges from 10° to 80°, or from 20° to 45°, and/or
the covering longitudinal plate comprises a second angled or curved area, and/or
the slot antenna contains at least two mirror-symmetrical parasites, wherein each parasite comprises a parasitic element, and
each parasitic element extends in a first region substantially parallel to the first section of the surrounding housing wall and/or
each parasitic element comprises a second section at an angle in reference to the first section.

US Pat. No. 11,031,697

ELECTROMAGNETIC DEVICE

ROGERS CORPORATION, Chan...

1. An electromagnetic, EM, device, comprising:a three dimensional, 3D, body made from a dielectric material having a proximal end and a distal end;
the 3D body having a first region toward the center of the 3D body made from a dielectric material having a first average dielectric constant, the first region extending at least partially to the distal end of the 3D body; and
the 3D body having a second region outboard of the first region made from a dielectric material other than air having a second average dielectric constant that is greater than the first average dielectric constant, the second region extending from the proximal end to the distal end of the 3D body.

US Pat. No. 11,031,696

ANTENNA-IN-PACKAGE SYSTEM AND MOBILE TERMINAL

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. An antenna-in-package system, applied to a mobile terminal, the mobile terminal comprising: a screen, a back cover covering, connected to and fitting with the screen to form a receiving space, and a main board interposed between the screen and the back cover, wherein the antenna-in-package system comprises:a substrate provided between the back cover and the main board;
a metal antenna provided on a side of the substrate facing away from the main board, the metal antenna comprising a first antenna and a second antenna that are stacked, and the first antenna being provided on a side of the second antenna facing away from the main board;
an integrated circuit chip provided on a side of the substrate close to the main board; and
a circuit provided in the substrate and connected to the main board, the circuit connecting the metal antenna with the integrated circuit chip,
wherein the mobile terminal is positioned in a three-dimensional coordinate system, the three-dimensional coordinate system having a center point of a position where the antenna-in-package system is located as an origin, an X-axis of the three-dimensional coordinate system extends along a long axis direction of the mobile terminal, a Y-axis of the three-dimensional coordinate system extends along a short axis direction of the mobile terminal, a Z-axis of the three-dimensional coordinate system extends along a thickness direction of the mobile terminal, a positive axis of the Y-axis points to a direction facing away from the mobile terminal, and a positive axis of the Z-axis points to the back cover;
a beam of the first antenna covers a space of Y>0; and
a beam of the second antenna covers a space of Z>0.

US Pat. No. 11,031,695

LOOP ANTENNA

MERRY ELECTRONICS (SHENZH...

1. A loop antenna, comprising:A printed circuit board comprising a first surface and a second surface relative to the first surface, and comprising a clear region and a ground region, wherein the clear region is adjacent to the ground region;
a first antenna structure disposed in the clear region and disposed at the first surface, wherein the first antenna structure comprises a feed structure and a first ground end, the feed structure is coupled to a power feed end disposed in the ground region, and the first ground end is coupled to the ground region; and
a second antenna structure disposed relative to the first antenna structure and disposed at the second surface, wherein the second antenna structure comprises a second ground end, and the second ground end is coupled to the ground region.

US Pat. No. 11,031,694

ANTENNA

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. An antenna comprising:an outer conductor formed of a first linear conductor, the first linear conductor having a length corresponding to one wavelength of either one of a right-handed circularly polarized wave and a left-handed circularly polarized wave, circularly extended from a first end to a second end, and causing current to flow between the first end and the second end; and
an inner conductor disposed inside the outer conductor, the inner conductor including a curved portion formed with a second linear conductor curvedly extended between a starting point and an end point, the second linear conductor having a length determined based on one wavelength of another one of the right-handed circularly polarized wave and the left-handed circularly polarized wave, and being different from the first linear conductor, the inner conductor having the starting point connected to either one of the first end and the second end, having the end point kept free from connection at a location inside the outer conductor, and causing current to flow in a direction opposite to a flow in the outer conductor.

US Pat. No. 11,031,693

RFID SYSTEM WITH AN EDDY CURRENT TRAP

DEKA Products Limited Par...

1. An RFID antenna assembly configured to be energized with a carrier signal, the RFID antenna assembly comprising:an inductive component including a multi-segment loop antenna assembly;
at least one matching component configured to adjust the impedance of the multi-segment loop antenna assembly; and
an eddy current trap positioned a predetermined distance from the multi-segment loop antenna assembly.

US Pat. No. 11,031,692

SYSTEM INCLUDING ANTENNA AND ULTRA-WIDEBAND ORTHO-MODE TRANSDUCER WITH RIDGE

Nan Hu, Irvine, CA (US)

1. A system including an antenna and an ultra-wideband Ortho-Mode Transducer (OMT) with ridges, comprising at least an ultra-wideband Ortho-Mode Transducer and a radiation antenna, wherein the ultra-wideband Ortho-Mode Transducer comprises a first channel inside, the radiation antenna comprises a second channel inside, a common port of the first channel is connected to a first antenna port of the second channel, a plurality of ridges with a square cross section are arranged in the first channel, and the plurality of ridges arranged in the first channel bulge into the first channel,wherein the common port of the first channel is a square port, and the number of the ridge is four, and one end of each ridge is arranged on a side wall of the square port,
wherein the first channel is divided into a separation channel, a combining channel and a matching channel; one end of the separation channel is provided with the common port, and the other end is provided with two side ports and a through port; one end of the combining channel is connected to the two side ports of the separation channel, and the other end is a first rectangular port; one end of the matching channel is connected to the through port of the separation channel, and the other end is a second rectangular port;
the four ridges are divided into a first group of ridges and a second group of ridges; two ridges of the first group of ridges are located on a first side wall and a second side wall respectively and extends to the combining channel, the first side wall and the second side wall are opposite walls of the separation channel; two ridges of the second group of ridges are located on a third side wall and a fourth side wall respectively, the third side wall and the fourth side wall are opposite walls of the separation channel.

US Pat. No. 11,031,691

ULTRA-WIDEBAND WALL-MOUNTED ANTENNA

KUNSHAN HAMILTON COMMUNIC...

1. An ultra-wideband wall-mounted antenna, comprising: a first element sheet, a second element sheet, a third element sheet and a reflection board,wherein each of the first element sheet, the second element sheet, the third element sheet and the reflection board is a flat surface, both of the second element sheet and the third element sheet are disposed in parallel with the reflection board, the third element sheet is disposed between the second element sheet and the reflection board, and the first element sheet extends from an inner edge of the second element sheet onto a surface of the reflection board.

US Pat. No. 11,031,690

MODULAR ANTENNA SYSTEMS AND RELATED METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

Phase Sensitive Innovatio...

9. A modular radio frequency (RF) receiver comprising:an RF antenna array module, including a plurality of antenna elements, detachably connected to an RF amplifier module via a first set of a plurality of RF connectors and configured to receive RF signals from an external source;
the RF amplifier module configured to amplify the RF signals; and
an optical processing engine, detachably connected to the RF amplifier via a second set of a plurality of RF connectors, including
an electro-optical upconversion module configured to receive the amplified RF signals and, using light beam pairs, convert the amplified RF signals into optical signals, and
an optical processor configured to extract an image of an RF scene from the optical signals,
wherein the RF antenna array module is formed on a first printed circuit board, the RF amplifier module is formed on a second printed circuit board, and the electro-optical upconversion module is formed on a third printed circuit board,
the first set of the plurality of RF connectors include a first set of a plurality of connectors located on the first printed circuit board, a second set of a plurality of connectors located on the second printed circuit board, and a first set of a plurality of push-on connectors connecting the first set of the plurality of connectors to the second set of the plurality of connectors, and
the second set of the plurality of RF connectors include a third set of a plurality of connectors located on the second printed circuit board, a fourth set of a plurality of connectors located on the third printed circuit board, and a second set of a plurality of push-on connectors connecting the third set of the plurality of connectors to the fourth set of the plurality of connectors.

US Pat. No. 11,031,689

METHOD FOR RAPID TESTING OF FUNCTIONALITY OF PHASE-CHANGE MATERIAL (PCM) RADIO FREQUENCY (RF) SWITCHES

Newport Fab, LLC, Newpor...

1. A testing method comprising:providing phase-change material (PCM) radio frequency (RF) switches residing on an application specific integrated circuit (ASIC);
providing, through said ASIC, amorphizing or crystallizing electrical pulses selectively to each of said PCM RF switches;
substantially concurrently determining, by said ASIC, if each of said PCM RF switches is in an OFF state or in an ON state;
detecting an error, by said ASIC, in said OFF state or said ON state of a first PCM RF switch in said PCM RF switches.

US Pat. No. 11,031,688

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN ANTENNA ADAPTATION CONTROLLER MODULE

Dell Products, LP, Round...

1. A wireless adapter front end for an information handling system comprising:the information handling system having a display screen housing hinged to a base housing having a processor, memory, and power source;
a wireless adapter for communicating on a plurality antenna systems for connection to a plurality of wireless links;
an antenna configured to have a plurality of antenna radiation patterns via an antenna pattern steering control interface, wherein the antenna is operating in a first antenna radiation pattern;
an antenna adaptation controller executing code instructions configured to steer the antenna radiation pattern based upon a plurality of antenna trigger inputs, wherein the antenna trigger inputs include WLAN signal state feedback data and information handling system physical configuration data for configuration of the antenna system relative to the orientation of the display screen housing and the base housing of the information handling system;
the antenna adaptation controller configured to receive the antenna trigger inputs indicating the WLAN signal state and physical configuration of the antenna system relative to the orientation of the display screen and the base housing and selecting a second antenna radiation pattern for comparing WLAN radio link signal levels of the second antenna radiation pattern to the first antenna radiation pattern; and
the antenna adaptation controller configured to select the second antenna radiation pattern as the highest if the WLAN radio link signal level of the second antenna radiation pattern is greater than the WLAN radio link signal level of the first antenna radiation pattern.

US Pat. No. 11,031,687

ANTENNA, WIRELESS COMMUNICATION MODULE, AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. An antenna comprising:a resonant structure; and
a first feeding line;
wherein the resonant structure comprises:
a conducting portion extending in a first plane, and the conducting portion comprising a plurality of first conductors;
a ground conductor separated from the conducting portion in a third direction intersecting the first plane and extending in the first plane; and
a first number of connecting conductors extending from the ground conductor toward the conducting portion, the first number being three or more;
wherein at least two conductors of the plurality of first conductors are connected to different connecting conductors;
wherein two connecting conductors of the first number of connecting conductors are part of a first connecting pair aligned in a first direction in the first plane;
wherein two connecting conductors of the first number of connecting conductors are part of a second connecting pair aligned in a second direction in the first plane and intersecting the first direction;
wherein the resonant structure is configured to resonate at a first frequency in a first current path;
wherein the resonant structure is configured to resonate at a second frequency in a second current path;
wherein the first current path comprises the ground conductor, the conducting portion, and the first connecting pair;
wherein the second current path comprises the ground conductor, the conducting portion, and the second connecting pair;
wherein the first feeding line is configured to electromagnetically connect to the conducting portion; and
wherein at least one of the first conductors of the plurality of first conductors includes a first edge extending in the first direction, a second edge extending in the second direction, and a first connector at a corner of the at least one of the first conductors of the plurality of first conductors, and the first connector is connected to a connecting conductor of the first number of connecting conductors,
wherein the corner couples the first edge and the second edge.

US Pat. No. 11,031,686

POSITIVE BATTERY TERMINAL ANTENNA GROUND PLANE

DURACELL U.S. OPERATIONS,...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a positive terminal of a battery as a ground plane of an antenna, comprising a first electrically conductive external surface with a first surface area;
a negative terminal of the battery, comprising a second electrically conductive external surface with a second surface area;
an antenna impedance matching circuit, electrically connected between a communication circuit, an antenna, and the first electrically conductive external surface of the battery;
wherein the first surface area is greater than the second surface area.

US Pat. No. 11,031,685

AIRCRAFT RADOMES WITH BROADBAND TRANSPARENCY

Vu Systems, LLC, Morrisv...

1. A radome, comprising:a curved body configured to be attached to an aircraft;
wherein the curved body is transparent to X band microwave energy, and comprises an opening formed through a wall thereof; and
wherein an insert is positioned within the opening and is transparent to W band microwave energy, wherein the insert has a serrated cross-sectional configuration such that an outer surface of the insert comprises a series of windows, and wherein respective surfaces of adjacent windows are angled relative to each other.

US Pat. No. 11,031,684

EARTH-MOVING MACHINE

KOMATSU LTD., Tokyo (JP)...

1. A hydraulic excavator comprising:a vehicular body including a travel unit and a revolving unit revolvably attached to the travel unit;
a cab placed on a front left side of the revolving unit; and
a pair of first and second antennas for receiving satellite positioning signals,
the first antenna being attached to a rear portion of the cab and arranged in the rear of a rear surface of the cab,
the second antenna being provided above an upper surface of the revolving unit on the right of the cab and arranged in front of the rear surface of the cab.

US Pat. No. 11,031,683

REARVIEW MIRROR ASSEMBLY WITH ANTENNA

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. A rearview mirror assembly, comprising:a main housing defining an exterior of the assembly, a lower interior surface, an interior cavity at least partially bounded by the lower interior surface, and an open side;
a control module coupled within the interior cavity of the main housing, the control module including a printed circuit board;
a mirror coupled over the open side of the main housing, the lower interior surface being generally perpendicular with the mirror; and
an antenna, including a solid rectangular metallic substrate body having opposing planar faces and defining a length and a width of the antenna, the antenna electrically coupled with the printed circuit board of the control module and positioned within the interior cavity of the main housing, the printed circuit board having an area larger than an area of the metallic substrate body defined by the length and width thereof and the antenna being mounted along a portion of the printed circuit board sized to accommodate the length and width of the antenna and being oriented with the planar faces thereof parallel to the lower interior surface along both the length and width thereof.

US Pat. No. 11,031,682

ADAPTIVE POLARIMETRIC RADAR ARCHITECTURE FOR AUTONOMOUS DRIVING

Waymo LLC, Mountain View...

1. An antenna, comprising:a waveguide antenna element;
a waveguide output port;
a polarization-modification layer with a channel defined therein; and
a rotation component coupled to the polarization-modification layer,
wherein the rotation component is a microelectromechanical system (MEMS) device,
wherein the polarization-modification layer is disposed between the waveguide antenna element and the waveguide output port, and
wherein the rotation component is configured to adjust an orientation of the polarization-modification layer relative to the waveguide antenna element and the waveguide output port to change polarization of subsequent electromagnetic waves radiated by the waveguide antenna element from a first polarization to a second polarization.

US Pat. No. 11,031,681

PACKAGE INTEGRATED WAVEGUIDE

NXP USA, INC., Austin, T...

1. A method of manufacturing a packaged semiconductor device, the method comprising:attaching a semiconductor die to a package substrate, a bond pad of the semiconductor die coupled to an antenna radiator formed on the package substrate;
attaching a waveguide to the package substrate, an opening of the waveguide having sidewalls substantially surrounding the antenna radiator; and
depositing an epoxy material over at least a portion of the package substrate, the opening of the waveguide remaining void of epoxy material.

US Pat. No. 11,031,680

NEAR-FIELD ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION (NFEMI) ANTENNA

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A near-field electromagnetic induction (NFEMI) device configured to be coupled to a non-planar conductive host surface such as a user's ear, comprising:a coil antenna portion configured as a magnetic near-field antenna; and
a first conductive antenna surface configured as an electric near-field antenna;
wherein the first conductive antenna surface geometrically conforms to a shape of the user's inner ear;
a second conductive antenna surface configured as part of the electric near-field antenna;
wherein the second conductive antenna surface geometrically conforms to a shape of the user's outer ear; and
wherein the device is embedded in an earbud and the first conductive antenna surface forms an outside surface of the earbud.

US Pat. No. 11,031,679

TWIN-BEAM BASE STATION ANTENNAS HAVING THINNED ARRAYS WITH TRIANGULAR SUB-ARRAYS

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A twin beam base station antenna, comprising:an angled reflector having a first planar panel and a second planar panel that is angled with respect to the first planar panel;
a first array that includes a first plurality of radiating elements that are mounted to extend forwardly from the first planar panel, where the radiating elements extend in three vertically-extending columns, and the radiating elements in the middle of the three vertically-extending columns are vertically offset from the radiating elements in the other two of the three vertically-extending columns;
a second array that includes a second plurality of radiating elements that are mounted to extend forwardly from the second planar panel, where the radiating elements extend in three vertically-extending columns, and the radiating elements in the middle of the three vertically-extending columns are vertically offset from the radiating elements in the other two of the three vertically-extending columns;
a first phase shifter having an input and a plurality of first phase shifter outputs;
a second phase shifter having an input and a plurality of second phase shifter outputs;
wherein more than half of the first phase shifter outputs are connected to respective ones of a plurality of first sub-arrays, where each first sub-array includes a total of one radiating element from each of the three columns in the first array,
wherein more than half of the second phase shifter outputs are connected to respective ones of a plurality of second sub-arrays, where each second sub-array includes a total of one radiating element from each of the three columns in the second array.

US Pat. No. 11,031,678

BASE STATION ANTENNAS HAVING ARRAYS WITH FREQUENCY SELECTIVE SHARED RADIATING ELEMENTS

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A base station antenna, comprising:a first radio frequency (“RF”) port;
a second RF port;
a first array of radiating elements that is coupled to the first RF port through a first feed network;
a second array of radiating elements that is coupled to the second RF port through a second feed network;
a first frequency selective circuit element; and
a second frequency selective circuit element;
wherein the first frequency selective circuit element has a first port coupled to the first feed network, a second port coupled to a first port of the second frequency selective circuit element, and a third port coupled to a first radiating element of the first array of radiating elements, the second and third ports of the first frequency selective circuit configured to pass RF signals in different frequency bands, and
wherein the second frequency selective circuit element has a second port coupled to a first radiating element of the second array of radiating elements and a third port coupled to the second feed network, the first and second ports of the second frequency selective circuit configured to pass RF signals in different frequency bands,
wherein the second array includes a first number of radiating elements when operating in a first frequency band and a larger number of radiating elements when operating in a second frequency band.

US Pat. No. 11,031,677

MULTIPLE-BODY-CONFIGURATION MULTIMEDIA AND SMARTPHONE MULTIFUNCTION WIRELESS DEVICES

Fractus, S.A., Barcelona...

1. A wireless device comprising:an antenna system comprising:
a ground plane;
a first antenna within the wireless device and configured to support at least three frequency bands contained within first and second frequency ranges of the electromagnetic spectrum, the second frequency range being higher in frequency than the first frequency range and at least one of the three frequency bands being associated with a 4G communication standard, the first antenna being proximate to a first short side of a ground plane rectangle enclosing the ground plane and defining a first antenna contour comprising an entire perimeter of the first antenna, wherein the first antenna contour has a level of complexity defined by complexity factor F21 having a value of at least 1.20 and complexity factor F32 having a value less than 1.75; and
a second antenna within the wireless device and configured to support at least one frequency band different from the at least three frequency bands supported by the first antenna, the second antenna being arranged completely within the ground plane rectangle.

US Pat. No. 11,031,676

MILLIMETER WAVE ARRAY ANTENNA ARCHITECTURE

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. A millimeter wave array antenna architecture, comprising: six antenna arrays and an installation body for installing the six antenna arrays, the installation body being of a cuboid or a cube and the six antenna arrays being respectively disposed on six installation faces of the installation body; wherein the six installation faces of the installation body comprise a top face and a bottom face disposed opposite to each other, a left side face and a right side face disposed opposite to each other, and an upper side face and a lower side face disposed opposite to each other, and wherein the upper side face, the left side face, the lower side face and the right side face abut end to end sequentially to form a rectangular ring-like structure, the top face and the bottom face respectively covering two end openings of the rectangular ring-like structure; the six antenna arrays comprise a first antenna array disposed on the top face, a second antenna array disposed on the bottom face, a third antenna array disposed on the left side face, a fourth antenna array disposed on the right side face, a fifth antenna array disposed on the upper side face, and a sixth antenna array disposed on the lower side face.

US Pat. No. 11,031,675

ANTENNA MODULE

SAMSUNG ELECTRO-MECHANICS...

1. An antenna module comprising:a connection member including at least one wiring layer and at least one insulating layer; and
an antenna package disposed on an upper surface of the connection member in a first direction,
wherein the antenna package includes:
a plurality of patch antennas;
a plurality of feed vias in which a first end of each thereof is electrically connected to each of the plurality of patch antennas and a second end of each thereof is electrically connected to a corresponding first wire of the at least one wiring layer;
first and second electrodes respectively disposed to be not in parallel with the plurality of patch antennas, disposed to be spaced apart from each of the plurality of feed vias in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, wherein at least one of the first and second electrodes is electrically connected to a corresponding second wire of the at least one wiring layer; and
a dielectric body having a dielectric constant Dk greater than a dielectric constant of the at least one insulating layer,
wherein at least a portion of the dielectric body is disposed between the first and second electrodes,
wherein the antenna module further comprises a support member disposed on a lower surface of the connection member opposing the upper surface of the connection member, and
wherein the support member includes core vias electrically connected to a corresponding third wire of the at least one wiring layer.

US Pat. No. 11,031,674

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ANTENNA PATTERN POSITIONING OF INTEGRATED ANTENNA VENT

Dell Products, LP, Round...

1. An information handling system to wirelessly transmit and receive data at an antenna comprising:a processor, a memory and a wireless interface circuit;
a base housing metal chassis containing components of the information handling system, the base housing metal chassis including a C-cover and D-cover housing the components;
the antenna located within an antenna cavity and operatively coupled to the wireless interface circuit to transmit and receive wireless signals via electromagnetic (EM) frequency radiation;
the antenna cavity formed within the C-Cover and D-cover along a side of the base housing metal chassis including:
a first aperture formed through a portion of the D-cover;
a second aperture formed through a portion of the C-cover over the first aperture such that transmission from the first aperture reaches the second aperture through the antenna cavity; and
a grounding wall formed within the antenna cavity to operatively couple currents associated with the antenna such that the currents travel from the first aperture to the second aperture causing emitted electromagnetic radiation to be emitted towards the second aperture.

US Pat. No. 11,031,673

RF TAG ANTENNA, RF TAG, AND RF TAG HAVING CONDUCTIVE BODY FORMED THEREIN

PHOENIX SOLUTION CO., LTD...

1. An RF tag antenna to which an IC chip is mounted, the RF tag antenna comprising:an inductor pattern section having a C-shape and configured in a form of a flat plate;
a notch section formed by cutting out a periphery of the inductor pattern section;
an antenna section formed around the notch section; and
a ground section provided in continuation with the inductor pattern section and configured in a form of a flat plate.

US Pat. No. 11,031,672

ANTENNA AND SYSTEM FOR RF COMMUNICATIONS

STMicroelectronics Design...

1. A system of wireless communication, comprising:a tag having a first antenna comprising:
a first planar coil;
a second planar coil;
wherein the first and second planar coils are electrically connected in series; and
a mechanical support for the first and second planar coils that disposes the first and second planar coils in a face to face relationship; and
a reader having a second antenna; and
wherein each coil of the first and second planar coils of the first antenna is coplanar to a sheet of ferrite.

US Pat. No. 11,031,671

AOG ANTENNA SYSTEM AND MOBILE TERMINAL

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. An Antenna On Glass (AOG) antenna system applied to a mobile terminal, the mobile terminal comprising a 3D glass back cover and a main board arranged opposite to and spaced apart from the 3D glass back cover, the AOG antenna system comprising:a metal antenna attached to a surface of the 3D glass back cover; and
a packaged feeding module provided between the 3D glass back cover and the main board and electrically connected to the main board,
wherein the packaged feeding module corresponds to a position of the metal antenna and feeds the metal antenna with power by coupling;
wherein the AOG antenna system is a millimeter wave phased array antenna system;
wherein the packaged feeding module comprises a substrate, an integrated circuit chip provided on a side of the substrate facing towards the main board, a feeding network provided in the substrate and arranged opposite to the metal antenna, and a circuit connecting the feeding network with the integrated circuit chip, the feeding network feeding the metal antenna with power by coupling and the circuit being electrically connected to the main board;
wherein the feeding network is a strip wire, and the strip wire comprises a first metal layer close to the metal antenna, a second metal layer arranged opposite to and spaced apart from the first metal layer, and a strip wire layer sandwiched between the first metal layer and the second metal layer, the strip wire layer being spaced apart from the first metal layer and the second metal layer, the first metal layer being provided with at least one slit at a position corresponding to the metal antenna, the feeding network feeding the metal antenna with power by coupling via the at least one slit, and the strip wire layer being electrically connected to the circuit.

US Pat. No. 11,031,670

ANTENNA ARRANGEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. An antenna arrangement of a motor vehicle, the motor vehicle having a body component, the antenna arrangement comprising: a damping element formed from a foam material and having a recess extending into one side of the damping element; and an antenna received in the recess extending into the one side of the damping element so that the antenna is exposed at the one side of the damping element, wherein the damping element is attached to the body component with the antenna in the recess of the damping element.

US Pat. No. 11,031,669

METHOD OF ADDITIVE MANUFACTURE OF A WAVEGUIDE AS WELL AS WAVEGUIDE DEVICES MANUFACTURED ACCORDING TO THIS METHOD

SWISSTO12 SA, Renens VD ...

1. Method of manufacturing a waveguide device comprising the steps of:making a core having sidewalls with outer and inner surfaces, the inner surfaces defining a waveguide channel, wherein the core has at least one hole formed in the sidewalls between said outer and inner surfaces of the sidewalls; and
depositing a layer of conductive metal on the inner surfaces of the core by immersion of the core in a reagent fluid, wherein the reagent fluid is supplied to the waveguide channel through the at least one hole to promote the evacuation of bubbles in the waveguide channel and/or the flow of the reagent fluid to the waveguide channel during said immersion.

US Pat. No. 11,031,668

TRANSMISSION MEDIUM COMPRISING A NON-CIRCULAR DIELECTRIC CORE ADAPTABLE FOR MATING WITH A SECOND DIELECTRIC CORE SPLICING DEVICE

1. A transmission medium, comprising:a non-circular dielectric core, wherein the non-circular dielectric core comprises a first dielectric core that is adaptable for mating to a splicing device, wherein the splicing device comprises a second dielectric core; and
a dielectric material disposed on a first portion of an outer surface of the non-circular dielectric core, wherein the first portion of the non-circular dielectric core is covered by the dielectric material to reduce exposure of electromagnetic waves guided by the non-circular dielectric core to an adverse environment.

US Pat. No. 11,031,667

METHOD AND APPARATUS HAVING AN ADJUSTABLE STRUCTURE POSITIONED ALONG A TRANSMISSION MEDIUM FOR LAUNCHING OR RECEIVING ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES HAVING A DESIRED WAVEMODE

1. A method, comprising:positioning a material along a portion of an outer surface of a transmission medium, the material facilitating generation of electromagnetic waves having a desired wave mode; and
generating, by a waveguide system, an electromagnetic wave with the desired wave mode, the electromagnetic wave propagating along the transmission medium without relying on an electrical return path to facilitate propagation of the electromagnetic wave along the transmission medium.

US Pat. No. 11,031,666

WAVEGUIDE COMPRISING A DIELECTRIC WAVEGUIDE CORE SURROUNDED BY A CONDUCTIVE LAYER, WHERE THE CORE INCLUDES MULTIPLE SPACES VOID OF DIELECTRIC

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprises a waveguide including:an elongate waveguide core including a dielectric material, wherein the elongate waveguide core includes multiple spaces arranged lengthwise within the elongate waveguide core and through the elongate waveguide core that are void of the dielectric material; and
a conductive layer arranged around the elongate waveguide core, wherein the conductive layer includes a metal layer arranged around an outside surface of the elongate waveguide core.

US Pat. No. 11,031,665

MAGNETIC-FREE NON-RECIPROCAL CIRCUITS BASED ON SUB-HARMONIC SPATIO-TEMPORAL CONDUCTANCE MODULATION

The Trustees of Columbia ...

1. A circuit, comprising:a first differential transmission line having: a first end having a first connection and a second connection; and a second end having a third connection and a fourth connection;
a first switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the first switch is connected to the first connection;
a second switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the second switch is connected to the first connection;
a third switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the third switch is connected to the second connection and the second side of the third switch is connected to the second side of the first switch and a first node;
a fourth switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the fourth switch is connected to the second connection and the second side of the fourth switch is connected to the second side of the second switch and a second node;
a fifth switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the fifth switch is connected to the third connection;
a sixth switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the sixth switch is connected to the third connection;
a seventh switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the seventh switch is connected to the fourth connection and the second side of the seventh switch is connected to the second side of the fifth switch and a third node;
an eighth switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the eighth switch is connected to the fourth connection and the second side of the eighth switch is connected to the second side of the sixth switch and a fourth node;
a second differential transmission line having: a first end having a fifth connection and a sixth connection; and a second end having a seventh connection and an eighth connection;
a ninth switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the ninth switch is connected to the fifth connection;
a tenth switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the tenth switch is connected to the fifth connection;
an eleventh switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the eleventh switch is connected to the sixth connection and the second side of the eleventh switch is connected to the second side of the ninth switch and the first node;
a twelfth switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the twelfth switch is connected to the sixth connection and the second side of the twelfth switch is connected to the second side of the tenth switch and the second node;
a thirteenth switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the thirteenth switch is connected to the seventh connection;
a fourteenth switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the fourteenth switch is connected to the seventh connection;
a fifteenth switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the fifteenth switch is connected to the eighth connection and the second side of the fifteenth switch is connected to the second side of the thirteenth switch and the third node; and
a sixteenth switch having a first side, a second side, and a control, wherein the first side of the sixteenth switch is connected to the eighth connection and the second side of the sixteenth switch is connected to the second side of the fourteenth switch and the fourth node.

US Pat. No. 11,031,664

WAVEGUIDE BAND-PASS FILTER

COM DEV Ltd., Mississaug...

1. A bandpass filter comprising:a) a plurality of resonant cavities, each resonant cavity configured to define the same fundamental resonant frequency, the plurality of resonant cavities arranged into a sequence of adjacent resonant cavities;
b) a plurality of coupling irises, with one of the coupling irises positioned between each pair of adjacent resonant cavities;
wherein
each resonant cavity includes a plurality of cavity sections;
each resonant cavity includes a capacitive iris positioned coupling the cavity sections to one another; and
the frequency of secondary resonance modes varies amongst the resonant cavities in the plurality of resonant cavities.

US Pat. No. 11,031,663

STACKED CERAMIC RESONATOR FILTER CONNECTED BY TABS TO A PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD AND USABLE FOR FORMING AN RF MODULE AND A WIRELESS MOBILE DEVICE

Skyworks Solutions, Inc.,...

17. A wireless mobile device comprising:a ceramic resonator filter including a first plurality of coaxial resonators arranged in a first row, a second plurality of coaxial resonators arranged in a second row aligned with and disposed over the first row, a printed circuit board extending along a plane transverse to the first and second plurality of coaxial resonators and having a plurality of spaced apart through holes that extend through the printed circuit board, and a plurality of tabs, each of the tabs having one end that extends through a respective one of the spaced apart through holes and an opposite end that extends into an opening in a corresponding one of the first and second plurality of coaxial resonators;
a radio frequency transceiver electrically connected to the ceramic resonator filter; and
an antenna electrically connected to the ceramic resonator filter.

US Pat. No. 11,031,662

LOW TEMPERATURE CO-FIRED CERAMIC BAND-PASS FILTER

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. A low temperature co-fired ceramic band-pass filter, comprising:a shell and a filtering assembly received in the shell;
the shell comprising a top wall and a bottom wall opposite to the top wall;
the filtering assembly comprising a first layer, two second layers respectively overlapped on two opposite sides of the first layer, two third layers, and a fourth layer sandwiched between one of the second layers and the third layers; each of the third layers is overlapped on a side of each of the second layers that is opposite from a side facing the first layer, the first layer, the second layers, the third layers and the fourth layer are perpendicular to the top wall;
the first layer comprising a first layer top end close to the top wall and a first layer bottom end close to the bottom wall, the first layer top end grounded, the first layer bottom end forming an open circuit state, and the first layer served as an inductance L;
each of the second layers comprising a second layer top end close to the top wall and a second layer bottom end close to the bottom wall, the second layer top end forming the open circuit state, the second layer bottom end grounded, each of the second layers served as a grounding capacitor C, the second layers and the first layer are coupled together to form an LC resonance unit;
each of the third layers grounded, and served as a shielding layer of the LTCC band-pass filter;
the fourth layer comprising a fourth layer top end close to the top wall and a fourth layer bottom end close to the bottom wall, both the fourth layer top end and the fourth layer bottom end forming the open circuit state, the fourth layer configured for introducing an electrical cross coupling of the first layer and the second layers;
wherein the first layer comprises three first conductors, two second conductors, two connecting bodies, and two third conductors; the three first conductors are disposed in parallel and spaced from each other, the two second conductors are respectively disposed on two opposite sides of the first conductors; two connecting bodies are extended perpendicularly from two ends of the second conductors close to the bottom wall in a direction away from the first conductors; the third conductors extend from the connecting bodies in a direction towards the top wall and parallel to the first conductors; the first conductors, the second conductors, and the third conductors are parallel to each other and spaced from each other; ends of the first conductors and the second conductors close to the top wall are flush with each other; and ends of the first conductors close to the bottom wall are further away from the bottom wall than ends of the second conductors close to the bottom wall.

US Pat. No. 11,031,661

SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd.

1. A secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly comprising an electrode tab;
an outer case accommodating the electrode assembly; and
an electrode lead electrically connected to the electrode tab,
wherein the electrode lead comprises:
an outer protrusion protruding to the outside of the outer case in a first direction;
an inner connection part disposed in the outer case, an insulation film provided on an area of the inner connection part facing the outer case; and
first and second notch parts disposed on the inner connection part and having a relatively thin thickness when compared to that of a remaining area of the electrode lead, the first and second notch parts being spaced apart from each other, the first notch part being disposed between the insulation film and the outer protrusion, the first notch part having a thickness different than that of the second notch part,
wherein each of the first and second notch parts includes an indentation extending into a thickness of the inner connection part, each indentation being a groove extending in a second direction that is transverse to the first direction that is directed from the electrode assembly toward the outer protrusion,
the inner connection part comprises:
a tab bonding area disposed on one side of the first notch part and bonded to the electrode tab; and
a tab non-bonding area disposed on another side of the first notch part and integrally connected to the outer protrusion,
wherein the inner connection part is bent by using the first and second notch parts as respective axes so that the tab bonding area and the tab non-bonding area face each other.

US Pat. No. 11,031,660

POUCH TYPE BATTERY CELL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A pouch type battery cell, comprising:a negative electrode and a positive electrode overlapping each other while spaced apart from each other,
wherein the negative electrode includes a first end and a second end, and a pair of negative terminals that protrude from a first side of each of the first end and the second end of the negative electrode,
wherein the positive electrode includes a first end and the second end, and a pair of positive terminals that protrude from a second side of each of the first end and the second end of the positive electrode, and
wherein the pouch type battery cell further includes:
negative lead tabs having a first end connected to the negative terminals and a second end overlapping the positive terminals while spaced apart from each other; and
positive lead tabs having a first end connected to the positive terminals and a second end overlapping the negative terminals while spaced apart from each other.

US Pat. No. 11,031,659

BATTERY MODULE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery module, comprising:a base plate;
a plurality of battery cells disposed on the base plate;
a plurality of sockets electrically connected to electrode leads of the battery cells; and
a plurality of connecting bars configured to be inserted into a part of the sockets, wherein the connecting bars allow a connection pattern of the battery cells to be changed between a serial pattern and a combined serial and parallel pattern,
wherein the battery cells are arranged to form columns, and
wherein the sockets comprise:
a first support electrically connected to the electrode leads of the battery cells arranged in a first column of the columns; and
a second support electrically connected to the electrode leads of the battery cells arranged in a second column of the columns and electrically insulated from the first support.

US Pat. No. 11,031,658

BUS BAR MODULE AND BATTERY PACK

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A bus bar module comprising:a plurality of bus bars each connecting electrodes of two adjacent battery cells of a plurality of battery cells constituting a battery module; and
a bus bar holder constituted by coupling a plurality of holding portions in a chain manner via deformable coupling portions, respectively, the plurality of holding portions each holding one of the plurality of bus bars in a movable manner within a predetermined range determined by restriction of movement of the bus bar by an interference with a movement restricting member, and having openings each allowing two contact portions of adjacent bus bars held by the respective holding portions to be exposed to an outside, the two contact portions being respectively connected to the electrodes of the two adjacent battery cells.

US Pat. No. 11,031,657

SEPARATORS COMPRISING ELONGATED NANOSTRUCTURES AND ASSOCIATED DEVICES AND METHODS, INCLUDING DEVICES AND METHODS FOR ENERGY STORAGE AND/OR USE

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. An article, comprising:a first electronically conductive solid substrate;
a second electronically conductive solid substrate; and
an ionically conductive and electronically insulating region between a surface of the first electronically conductive solid substrate and a surface of the second electronically conductive solid substrate, wherein the ionically conductive region comprises a plurality of electronically insulating elongated nanostructures extending from the first electronically conductive solid substrate to the second electronically conductive solid substrate,
wherein the elongated nanostructures have aspect ratios of greater than or equal to 10, and
wherein the elongated nanostructures are within 10° of perpendicular to the surface of the first electronically conductive solid substrate and/or the surface of the second electronically conductive solid substrate.

US Pat. No. 11,031,656

COMPOSITE SEPARATOR INCLUDING POROUS COATING LAYER MADE FROM SLURRY HAVING IMPROVED DISPERSIBILITY

LG Chem, Ltd. TORAY INDUS...

1. A composite separator, comprising:a porous substrate; and
a porous coating layer disposed on at least one surface of the porous substrate,
wherein the porous coating layer is prepared from a slurry, the slurry comprising:
inorganic particles;
a polymer; and
a solvent,
wherein the inorganic particles have an average diameter ranging from 0.9 ?m to 15 ?m,
wherein the polymer consists essentially of polyvinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene,
wherein the solvent is any one selected from acetone, tetrahydrofuran, methylene chloride, chloroform, dimethylformamide, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP), cyclohexane and mixtures thereof,
wherein 10 to 50 parts by weight of the inorganic particles and 1 to 10 parts by weight of the polymer are present in the slurry based on 100 parts by weight of the solvent, and
wherein the slurry has a viscosity of which a lower bound is a value obtained from the following Equation 1 based on the average diameter of the inorganic particles and an upper bound is 10,000 cP:
??40 d2  [Equation 1]
where ? denotes the viscosity of the slurry in units of centipoise (cP), and d denotes the average diameter of inorganic particles in units of micrometers (?m),
wherein the porous substrate is a porous polymer film, and
wherein the composite separator having a thickness variation within ±0.5 ?m.

US Pat. No. 11,031,655

NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY SEPARATOR AND METHOD OF PRODUCING SAME

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY...

1. A method of producing a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery laminated separator including a polyolefin porous film, the method comprising:a step of applying a coating solution including a resin to a separator original sheet including the polyolefin porous film,
a drying step in which the separator original sheet to which the coating solution has been applied is dried in at least two stages each having a respective temperature which is set such that at least two differing temperatures are utilized in the drying step,
the at least two stages of the drying step including a stage in which the separator original sheet to which the coating solution has been applied is heated at a temperature which is not less than 100° C. and not more than 115° C. and a stage in which the separator original sheet to which the coating solution has been applied is heated at a temperature which is not less than 116° C. and not more than 130° C.

US Pat. No. 11,031,653

PORTABLE POWER TOOL, BATTERY PACK, AND CELL CONFIGURATIONS FOR SAME

TRANSFORM SR BRANDS LLC, ...

1. A power tool system, comprising:a battery pack comprising a battery pack housing and battery cells in the battery pack housing, the battery pack housing comprising a battery pack base portion and a battery pack post portion that extends from the battery pack base portion; and
a power tool comprising a power tool handle and a power tool battery compartment in the power tool handle, wherein the power tool battery compartment is configured to:
receive the battery pack post portion in at least two orientations that selectively position the battery pack base portion in at least two orientations with respect to the power tool; and
operably couple the battery cells of the battery pack to the power tool via the received battery pack post portion.

US Pat. No. 11,031,652

BATTERY AND MOBILE TERMINAL

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A battery, securely bonded inside a rear housing of a mobile terminal, comprising:a battery body comprising:
a positive electrode; and
a negative electrode; and
a package case configured to accommodate the battery body, wherein the package case comprises:
a first surface configured to be attached and secured to the rear housing of the mobile terminal; and
a second surface opposite to the first surface and comprising:
a first opening comprising a tear structure, wherein the package case is configured to be torn open by tearing the tear structure to remove the battery body; and
a second opening configured to pass the positive electrode and the negative electrode from the battery body through the package case to a control board of the mobile terminal.

US Pat. No. 11,031,651

ARRANGEMENTS FOR INHIBITING INTRUSION INTO BATTERY PACK ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS

Milwaukee Electric Tool C...

1. A battery pack comprising:an outer housing;
a controller operable to control an operation of the battery pack;
a cell module connectable to the outer housing, the cell module including
a module housing,
a plurality of battery cells supported by the module housing,
a conductive strap electrically connected to at least one of the plurality of battery cells,
a weld strap connected between the controller and the conductive strap, and
a terminal electrically connected to the plurality of battery cells and operable to connect the plurality of battery cells to an electrical device for power transfer; and
a vapor-deposited coating applied to at least a portion of the cell module,
wherein the vapor-deposited coating is applied to at least a portion of at least one of the conductive strap and the weld strap,
wherein the vapor-deposited coating is applied before the cell module is positioned in the outer housing.

US Pat. No. 11,031,650

BATTERY MODULE AND BATTERY PACK COMPRISING SAME

LG Chem, Ltd.

1. A battery module, comprising:a battery cell stack in which a plurality of battery cells are stacked, the battery cells having respective electrode leads; and
a bus bar for coupling to the electrode leads, the bus bar including:
a base member electrically connected to the electrode leads; and
a rotating member coupled to the base member via a rotary shaft defining a rotational axis such that the rotating member is rotatable relative to the base member about the rotational axis;
wherein the rotating member has an outer surface positioned radially outwardly from the rotational axis, the outer surface having a first portion and a second portion, the first portion being located at a first radial distance from the rotational axis, and the second portion being located at a second radial distance from the rotational axis, the first radial distance being greater than the second radial distance;
wherein the rotating member is rotatable between a first rotational position and a second rotational position, the first portion being positioned between the rotational axis and a pressing surface of the base member in the first rotational position, and the second portion being positioned between the rotational axis and the pressing surface in the second rotational position;
wherein a gap for receiving the electrode leads is defined between the pressing surface of the base member and the outer surface of the rotating member, the gap being smaller when the rotating member is in the first rotational position than when the rotating member is in the second rotational position; and
wherein the bus bar is configured to couple to the electrode leads positioned in the gap by rotating the rotating member to the first rotational position to press the electrode leads between the pressing surface of the base member and the first portion of the rotating member so as to form an electrical connection between the bus bar and the electrode leads.

US Pat. No. 11,031,649

HOUSING FOR A VEHICLE BATTERY, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A HOUSING OF SAID TYPE

thyssenKrupp Steel Europe...

1. A housing for a vehicle battery, comprising:a cover plate,
a bottom plate,
a frame arranged between the cover plate and the bottom plate, the frame being connected to the cover plate and the bottom plate,
at least one crossmember element arranged in a space defined by the frame,
a spacer arranged along a length of the crossmember element and arranged between the cover plate and the crossmember element, and
wherein:
the frame is configured as a rolled profile or canted part; and
the spacer comprises beads which allow a targeted deformation in case of an accident.

US Pat. No. 11,031,648

BATTERY PACK

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A battery pack comprising:a plurality of battery cells arranged along a first direction;
a first end plate on an outer side along the first direction of a first battery cell of the plurality of battery cells that is arranged at an outermost side of the plurality of battery cells along the first direction; and
a first end block between the first end plate and the first battery cell,
wherein the first end block comprises:
a frame portion on an inner side of the first end block and facing the first battery cell, the frame portion surrounding edge portions of the first battery cell; and
an end portion on an outer side which is a side opposite to that of the first battery cell, the end portion surrounding opposite ends of a bushing member and comprising a welding hole between the opposite ends, and
wherein the bushing member comprises:
fixing portions surrounded by the end portion in each of the first direction and a direction opposite the first direction, the fixing portions being at opposite ends of the bushing member along a lengthwise direction of the bushing member; and
an exposed portion exposed from the end portion through the welding hole and defining a welded portion with the first end plate, the exposed portion being at a central position between the opposite ends of the bushing member, and being exposed from the end portion and facing the first end plate.

US Pat. No. 11,031,647

MANUFACTURING APPARATUS FOR BATTERY MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING BATTERY MODULE

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery module manufacturing apparatus, which inserts a battery assembly including a plurality of secondary batteries into a module housing, the battery module manufacturing apparatus comprising:a protective film supply unit configured to supply a protective film so as to cover an outer surface of the battery assembly or to retrieve the protective film from the outer surface of the battery assembly; and
a protective film transfer unit configured to move in an insertion direction in which the battery assembly is inserted into the module housing and a direction opposite to the insertion direction in a state of holding a part of the supplied protective film.

US Pat. No. 11,031,646

CYLINDRICAL BATTERY CELL MANUFACTURING DEVICE COMPRISING SECONDARY CRIMPING MOLD

LG Chem, Ltd.

6. A method of forming a crimping portion on a cap assembly coupling portion of a cylinder type battery cell, the method comprising:(a) forming an inwardly indented beading portion in an open upper portion of a cylinder type metal can;
(b) seating the cap assembly in the open upper portion of the metal can;
(c) applying a primary pressure by a primary crimping mold onto the cap assembly such that a vertical section of an open upper end portion of the metal can forms an inclination inclined inwardly towards a central axis of the metal can; and
(d) applying a secondary pressure to the open upper end portion in which the inclination is formed by a secondary crimping mold so that a flat section parallel to a lower surface of the metal can is formed in the crimping portion, the secondary crimping mold having a flat portion formed on a lower surface of the secondary crimping mold facing the open upper end portion to form the flat section in the crimping portion, the lower surface of the secondary crimping mold also having an inclination forming portion positioned radially inwardly towards the central axis from the flat portion.

US Pat. No. 11,031,645

DEVICE FOR STORING ELECTRICAL ENERGY, METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING AND STARTING UP SAID DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SAID DEVICE

BASF SE, Ludwigshafen am...

1. An apparatus for storing electric energy, which comprises an electrochemical cell having a cathode space for accommodating a liquid cathode material and an anode space for accommodating a liquid anode material, where the cathode space and the anode space are separated by a solid electrolyte, wherein the solid electrolyte is enclosed by a sheet-like structure having openings through which the cathode material can flow, the sheet-like structure is made of an electrically conductive material and the cathode space comprises at least one segment, where each segment has an outer wall composed of an electrically conductive material and the outer wall is fastened in a fluid-tight and electrically conductive manner to the sheet-like structure having openings, wherein each segment is filled with a porous felt or a porous material being different from porous felt and the cathode space is divided by the sheet-like structure having openings into an inner region and an outer region and a porous electrode and a chemical barrier layer composed of a material which does not conduct electrons are accommodated in the inner region between the sheet-like structure having openings and the solid electrolyte and the outer region comprises the at least one segment.

US Pat. No. 11,031,644

METAL-AIR CELLS WITH MINIMAL AIR ACCESS

ENERGIZER BRANDS, LLC, S...

1. A battery comprising an air cathode, an anode, an aqueous electrolyte, and a housing, wherein:the housing comprises one or more air access ports defining a vent area;
the aqueous electrolyte comprises an amphoteric fluorosurfactant; and
the battery is a size 13 metal-air battery and the total vent area defined by all of the air access ports is from about 0.050 mm2 to about 0.115 mm2, or the battery is a size 312 metal-air battery and the total vent area defined by all of the air access ports is from about 0.03 mm2 to about 0.08 mm2.

US Pat. No. 11,031,643

SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND APPARATUS FOR OPTIMIZING BATTERY MODULE COOLANT FLUID FLOW

1. An apparatus for storing energy, the apparatus comprising:an enclosure including a coolant fluid inlet configured to couple to a coolant fluid system; and
a plurality of energy-storage cells housed in an arrangement within a region of the enclosure;
a cell holder having:
a first side forming a cavity between the cell holder and an adjacent wall of the enclosure, wherein the coolant fluid inlet is in fluid communication with the cavity,
a second side comprising retaining features configured to hold the plurality of cells in the arrangement, the second side opposite the first side of the cell holder and facing the region formed between the second side and the enclosure, and
a plurality of holes that pass from the cavity through the cell holder and to the region of the enclosure housing the plurality of energy-storage cells, wherein the plurality of holes allow passage of the coolant fluid from the first side through the cell holder to the second side to cool the plurality of cells disposed in the region between the second side and the enclosure, wherein each of the plurality of holes is positioned proximate to a cell of the plurality of cells;
wherein, in use, coolant fluid passes through the coolant fluid inlet into the cavity and through the plurality of holes to the plurality of cells to reduce a temperature of each of the plurality of cells.

US Pat. No. 11,031,642

ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE WITH EFFICIENT HEAT DISSIPATION

1. An electrical energy storage device comprising:prismatic electrical storage cells arranged beside one another such that interfaces of adjacent storage cells run at a distance from one another, wherein the interfaces of the adjacent storage cells form an intermediate space;
a first layer having a compressible, flexible, and heat-conducting material, wherein the first layer is arranged between the interfaces of the adjacent storage cells, wherein a first surface of the first layer abuts under pressure against one interface of the two interfaces of the adjacent storage cells; and
a second layer having a compressible, flexible, and heat-conducting material, wherein the second layer is arranged between the two interfaces of the adjacent storage cells, wherein a first surface of the second layer abuts a second surface of the first layer, and wherein a second surface of the second layer abuts under pressure against the other interface of the two interfaces of the adjacent storage cells,
wherein a heat-conducting device is embedded within each of the compressible, flexible, and heat-conducting material of the first layer and the compressible, flexible, and heat-conducting material of the second layer, and
wherein thermal energy arising during charging and/or discharging of the storage cells is conducted out of the intermediate space between the adjacent storage cells.

US Pat. No. 11,031,641

METHOD OF RECOVERING METALS FROM SPENT LI-ION BATTERIES

1. A process for recovering valuable metals from spent lithium ion batteries comprising the steps of:a) shredding the lithium ion batteries into particles of a preferable size, in water, with water level well above the level of the batteries being shredded to obtain a slurry and shredded plastic and polymer matrix;
b) removing the plastic and polymer matrix that floats on the water in step a);
c) wet screening the slurry obtained in step a) through sieve of 50 mesh to separate particles based on sizes wherein coarser particles containing copper, aluminum and protection circuit modules form screened slurry containing solids are retained by the sieve and collected, and finer particles containing lithium and cobalt are aggregated;
d) filtering the lithium and cobalt containing aggregate of step c) through a filter press to obtain a wash liquor containing lithium and a residue containing cobalt, metal impurities and organic matrix;
e) drying the residue of step d) and roasting the dried residue at 900° C. to obtain cobalt oxide;
f) washing and filtering the cobalt oxide of step e) with dilute acid solution at pH range 2.0 to 3.0 to obtain pure cobalt oxide and filtrate;
g) treating the wash liquor of step d) with saturated solution of soda ash at pH range 11 to 11.5 and temperature ranging from 80 to 120° C. for 3-6 hours to obtain lithium carbonate precipitate and supernatant.

US Pat. No. 11,031,640

BATTERY PACK, BATTERY MONITORING DEVICE, AND VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A battery pack comprising:an assembled battery that includes a plurality of battery blocks connected in series, each of the plurality of battery blocks including a plurality of cells;
a plurality of monitoring modules provided corresponding to the plurality of battery blocks, each of the plurality of monitoring modules monitoring at least one of a voltage of each cell included in a corresponding battery block, and a voltage of the corresponding battery block;
a total voltage monitoring device that monitors a total voltage of the assembled battery, separately from the plurality of monitoring modules; and
a control device that receives a voltage monitoring result obtained by each of the plurality of monitoring modules, and receives a monitoring result of the total voltage obtained by the total voltage monitoring device, wherein
the control device calculates, when any of the plurality of monitoring modules is failed, the voltage of a battery block corresponding to the failed monitoring module, based on the voltage monitoring result obtained by each of remaining monitoring modules and the monitoring result of the total voltage.

US Pat. No. 11,031,639

METAL BATTERY, AND MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

SZ DJI TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

1. A battery management system comprising:a detection circuit configured to detect a plurality of electrical parameters of a metal battery that includes a plurality of battery cells connected to each other, the plurality of electrical parameters including a resting voltage of each of the plurality of battery cells when the metal battery is in a resting state;
a memory electrically connected to the detection circuit, and storing the plurality of electrical parameters and a preset value; and
a control circuit configured to:
be electrically connected to the memory to obtain the plurality of electrical parameters; and
determine a safety performance of the metal battery according to the electrical parameters, including:
obtaining, from the memory, a value of a resting voltage of each of the plurality of battery cells at a same time when the metal battery is in the resting state;
determining, for the plurality of battery cells, resting voltage differences each being a difference between values of resting voltages of two of the plurality of battery cells at the same time;
determining a maximum value of the resting voltage differences; and
determining the safety performance of the metal battery according to a comparison result between the maximum value of the resting voltage differences and the preset value.

US Pat. No. 11,031,638

BATTERY CHARGE CONTROL ALGORITHM

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery charge control system, comprising:a battery including at least one battery cell;
a data measurement gauge integrated circuit (IC) configured to:
measure a discharge current of the battery at predetermined intervals,
measure a charge time during which the battery is being charged by detecting a time point that the battery is connected to a battery charge device, and
measure a temperature of the at least one battery cell at the predetermined intervals:
a data calculation gauge IC configured to:
calculate an average discharge current rate from the measured discharge current of the battery,
calculate an average charge time from the measured charge time of the battery, and
calculate an average temperature of the battery from the measured temperature of the battery; and
a charging mode calculation gauge IC configured to calculate a charging mode of the battery by:
designating division factors for each of the average discharge current rate, the average charge time and the average temperature;
determining the division factor among the division factors for each of the average discharge current rate, the average charge time and the average temperature; and
calculating the charging mode based on the determined division factor for each of the average discharge current rate, the average charge time and the average temperature.

US Pat. No. 11,031,637

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A RECHARGEABLE ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL OR BATTERY

Sion Power Corporation, ...

1. An electrochemical cell management system comprising:an electrochemical cell; and
at least one controller configured to control the cell such that, for at least a portion of a charge cycle, the cell is charged at a charging rate that is lower than a discharging rate of at least a portion of a previous discharge cycle,
wherein:
an average discharging rate during the previous discharge cycle is equal to or less than an average charging rate during the charge cycle, and
an average discharging rate during discharge of at least 5% of a discharge capacity of the cell during the previous discharge cycle is at least 2 times higher than the average charging rate during the charge cycle.

US Pat. No. 11,031,636

PROTECTIVE CIRCUIT MODULE CASE OF BATTERY AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing having a mounting portion to which a battery is mountable; and
the battery mounted to the mounting portion,
wherein the battery comprises:
a battery pouch including at least one conductive terminal exposed to an area outside of the battery pouch;
a circuit board electrically connected to the exposed at least one conductive terminal and having at least one circuit element mounted thereon to electrically protect the battery pouch;
a case comprising a first plate, a second plate facing the first plate and spaced apart from the first plate, and a lateral plate surrounding at least a part of a space formed between the first plate and the second plate and connected to the first plate and the second plate; and
a coupling member disposed between a lateral wall of the battery pouch and the lateral plate, the lateral plate being coupled to the lateral wall of the battery pouch via the coupling member, wherein the coupling member is directly attached to the lateral wall of the battery pouch,
wherein the circuit board is disposed in the space of the case, and
wherein the first plate or the second plate extends from the lateral plate in a direction away from the lateral wall of the battery pouch, and protrudes further than the circuit board in the direction away from the lateral wall of the battery pouch.

US Pat. No. 11,031,635

BATTERY PACK

1. A battery pack, comprising:a battery module having a positive electrode terminal and a negative electrode terminal;
a first power connector having a first power terminal connected to the positive electrode terminal, a second power terminal connected to the negative electrode terminal and a first auxiliary terminal, the first power connector being configured to be coupled to or separated from a second power connector that is included in an external device to receive an electric power of the battery module;
a control unit configured to determine whether the first power connector is connected to the second power connector;
a power switching unit provided between the negative electrode terminal of the battery module and the second power terminal of the first power connector, the power switching unit including a charge switch connected in series to a discharge switch;
a first communication connector configured to input or output a communication signal between the external device and the control unit and including a first communication terminal and a second communication terminal; and
a communication switching unit installed between the control unit and the first communication connector, the communication switching unit including:
a sending switch installed between a sending terminal of the control unit and the first communication terminal of the first communication connector; and
a receiving switch installed between a receiving terminal of the control unit and the second communication terminal of the first communication connector,
wherein the control unit turns on or off the communication switching unit in response to determining the first power connector is connected to the second power connector.

US Pat. No. 11,031,634

BATTERY WITH MULTIPLE SETS OF OUTPUT TERMINALS AND ADJUSTABLE CAPACITY

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A battery system, comprising:a first node;
a second node;
a third node configured to be connected to a ground potential;
a switch connected between the first node and the second node;
a battery having a first terminal connected to the first node and a second terminal configured to selectively be connected to the ground potential;
an analog to digital converter (ADC) configured to generate a first output based on current through the switch; and
a digital to analog converter (DAC) configured to generate a second output based on the first output; and
a comparator configured to control the switch based on a comparison of a third output of the comparator with the second output of the DAC.

US Pat. No. 11,031,633

SHIP OR POWER PLANT VOLTAGE SUPPLY SYSTEM

MAN ENERGY SOLUTIONS SE, ...

1. A ship voltage supply system configured to supply an electric consumer of a ship with an electric target voltage and an electric target energy, comprising:a plurality of automotive traction battery modules, wherein each automotive traction battery module has an electric actual voltage and an electric actual energy;
wherein the plurality of automotive traction battery modules are interconnected based at least in part on the electric target voltage, the electric actual voltage, the electric target energy, and the electric actual energy;
an automotive CAN bus system; and
a controller coupled to each of the plurality of automotive traction battery modules via the automotive CAN bus system and configured to:
switch off a defective automotive traction battery module and,
based at least in part on the electric target voltage, the electric actual voltage, the electric target energy, and the electric actual energy, activate the plurality of automotive traction battery modules to be interconnected at least one of:
in a series connection to form a plurality of traction battery module subgroups; and
in a parallel connection to form at least one traction battery module group.

US Pat. No. 11,031,631

FABRICATION OF ALL-SOLID-STATE ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES

International Business Ma...

1. A method of forming a semiconductor device structure, the method comprising:forming at least one trench in a silicon substrate, the at least one trench providing an energy storage device containment feature;
forming at least one electrical and ionic insulating layer over at least a top surface of the silicon substrate and within the at least one trench;
removing a portion of the at least one electrical and ionic insulating layer from at least a bottom surface of the at least one trench; and
forming a plurality of energy storage device layers within the at least one trench, wherein each layer of the plurality of energy storage device layers is independently processed and integrated into the at least one trench, where thermal, electrical, and pressure parameters of the independently processed layers are controlled by sidewalls and a base of the at least one trench.

US Pat. No. 11,031,630

ELECTROLYTE AND ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE

NINGDE AMPEREX TECHNOLOGY...

1. An electrolyte, comprising a carboxylate, a barbituric acid compound, a carbonate compound containing a silicon functional group and a nitrile compound;wherein, the nitrile compound comprises one or more selected from the group consisting of
andwherein, the carbonate compound containing a silicon-functional group comprises one or more selected from the group consisting of

US Pat. No. 11,031,629

ELECTROLYTE OF RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY AND RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING SAME

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. An electrolyte for a rechargeable lithium battery, comprising:a non-aqueous organic solvent;
a lithium salt; and
an additive represented by Chemical Formula 1:

wherein in Chemical Formula 1,
X1 is CH or a nitrogen atom (N), and Ra is a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group.

US Pat. No. 11,031,628

ELECTROLYTE ADDITIVE AND ELECTROLYTE FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd.

1. An electrolyte additive composition comprising:a borate-based lithium compound represented by Formula 1; and
a non-lithiated additive,
wherein the non-lithiated additive comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of a vinyl silane-based compound and a sulfate-based compound, and
the electrolyte additive composition does not comprise a phosphate-based compound comprising tributyl phosphate or tris(trimethylsilyl) phosphate:

wherein, in Formula 1,
Y1 to Y4 are each independently oxygen (O) or sulfur (S).

US Pat. No. 11,031,627

ADDITIVE FOR ELECTROLYTE OF LITHIUM BATTERY, ELECTROLYTE FOR LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING SAME, AND LITHIUM BATTERY EMPLOYING SAME ELECTROLYTE

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. An additive for an electrolyte for a lithium battery, the additive comprising a compound represented by Formula 1:[P4O10]x.[B(OSiR1R2R3)3]y  Formula 1
wherein:
R1, R2, and R3 are each independently a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C20 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C20 alkynyl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C20 aryl group, and
a molar ratio of x toy (x/y) is in the range of 0.025 to 2.5.

US Pat. No. 11,031,626

ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION AND ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE CONTAINING THE SAME

NINGDE AMPEREX TECHNOLOGY...

1. An electrolytic solution, comprising a first compound of structural Formula (I) and a second compound of structural Formula (II):
in which R11 is one or more selected from a substituted or unsubstituted alkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted arylene group, and a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkylene group, wherein when substituted, the substituent is one or more selected from halogen, an alkyl group or an alkenyl group; and
R21 is selected from a substituted or unsubstituted alkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted R0—S—R group, and a substituted or unsubstituted chain ether group, wherein R0 and R are each independently a substituted or unsubstituted alkylene group, and wherein when substituted, the substituent is one or more selected from halogen, an alkyl group or an alkenyl group,
wherein, based on the total weight of the electrolytic solution, the percent by weight (X) of the first compound and the percent by weight (Y) of the second compound meet:
1 wt %?(X+Y)?15 wt %; and
0.05?(X/Y)?5.

US Pat. No. 11,031,625

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd.

1. A non-aqueous electrolyte for a lithium secondary battery comprising:an organic solvent;
a first lithium salt;
LiBF4 as a second lithium salt; and
a non-aqueous electrolyte additive selected from the group consisting of compounds represented by Chemical Formulas 1a to 1h below,
wherein the first lithium salt is included at a concentration of 0.1 M to 2 M in the non-aqueous electrolyte,
wherein LiBF4 is included in an amount of 0.1 wt % to 20 wt % based on a total weight of the non-aqueous electrolyte,
wherein the non-aqueous electrolyte additive is included in an amount of 0.01 wt % to 8.5 wt % based on the total weight of the non-aqueous electrolyte:

US Pat. No. 11,031,624

POLYSILSESQUIOXANE POLYALKYLENE GLYCOL POLYMER HAVING URETHANE BONDS, SOLID POLYMER ELECTROLYTE COMPOSITION COMPRISING THE SAME AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME

Korea Institute of Indust...

1. A solid polymer electrolyte, comprising:a matrix comprising polyalkylene glycol polymer gel prepared by subjecting a polyalkylene glycol (PAG) polymer having urethane bonds by Structural Formula 1 below to a sol-gel reaction; and
a lithium salt dispersed in the matrix:

in Structural Formula 1,
R1 is independently a C1 to C20 alkylene group,
R2 is independently a C1 to C20 alkylene group,
R3 to R5 are the same as or different from each other, and are each independently a C1 to C20 alkyl group, and
n is any one integer of 1 to 150,
wherein the lithium salt includes at least one selected from among lithium bis(trifluoromethane)sulfonimide salt, lithium perchlorate, lithium hexafluorophosphate, lithium tetrafluoroborate, and lithium trifluoromethanesulfonate.

US Pat. No. 11,031,623

FLUORIDE ION BATTERY HAVING CATHOD ACTIVE MATERIAL LAYER AND ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL LAYER GENERATED VIA SELF-FORMING REACTION OF SOLID ELECTROLYTE LAYER

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A fluoride ion battery comprising:an electrode layer, a solid electrolyte layer, and an anode current collector disposed in this order, wherein
the electrode layer includes a first metal element or a carbon element and is capable of fluorination and defluorination;
the solid electrolyte layer contains a solid electrolyte including a second metal element with lower fluorination potential and defluorination potential than those of the first metal element or of the carbon element;
a cathode active material layer containing a fluoride of the first metal element or the carbon element is present on the anode current collector side surface of the electrode layer between the electrode layer and the solid electrolyte layer;
an anode active material layer containing: a Ce compound containing a simple substance of the second metal element, a Ce element, a S element and a F element; and an electron conductive material, is present on the anode current collector side surface of the solid electrolyte layer between the solid electrolyte layer and the anode current collector,
wherein the cathode active material layer and the anode active material layer are generated via a self-forming reaction of the solid electrolyte layer, wherein the self-forming reaction of the solid electrolyte layer occurs during charging of the fluoride ion battery.

US Pat. No. 11,031,621

SECONDARY BATTERY HAVING POSITIVE ELECTRODE TERMINAL-AND-MEMBRANE INTEGRATED CAP PLATE

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A secondary battery comprising:a case having an opening;
an electrode assembly housed in the opening of the case; and
a cap plate covering the opening of the case,
wherein the cap plate comprises a terminal portion integrated into the cap plate, wherein a membrane is integrated into the terminal portion, wherein the membrane is electrically connected to the electrode assembly and the cap plate, wherein the membrane decreases in thickness toward a lower end of the membrane, and wherein the cap plate is configured to be electrically connected to a current collector plate of the secondary battery through the membrane.

US Pat. No. 11,031,620

OSMOTIC ENERGY CONVERSION WITH MXENE LAMELLAR MEMBRANE-BASED SYSTEM AND METHOD

KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY ...

1. An osmotic energy conversion system comprising:a housing having a first inlet and a second inlet;
an MXene lamellar membrane located inside the housing and configured to divide the housing into a first chamber and a second chamber; and
first and second electrodes placed in the first and second chambers, respectively, and configured to collect electrical energy generated by a salinity-gradient formed by first and second liquids across the MXene lamellar membrane,
wherein the first chamber is configured to receive the first liquid at the first inlet and the second chamber is configured to receive the second liquid at the second inlet,
wherein the first liquid has a salinity lower than the second liquid, and
wherein the MXene lamellar membrane includes plural nanosheets of MXene stacked on top of each other, the plural nanosheets of MXene forming a nanocapillary that extends from one side of the MXene lamellar membrane to an opposite side, and a full length of the nanocapillary is between 400 and 1000 nm.

US Pat. No. 11,031,619

CELL FOR FLOW BATTERY

THE CURATORS OF THE UNIVE...

1. An electrochemical reaction cell, comprising:a substantially rigid first housing having a plurality of recess side walls and a recessed inner surface bounded by the recess side walls defining a recess formed in the first housing, the side walls substantially perpendicular to the recessed inner surface and having a top surface substantially parallel to the recessed inner surface, the first housing having an inlet and an outlet extending through the first housing from the recessed inner surface to an outer surface of the housing, the inlet configured to permit an electrolyte fluid to flow into the recess, and the outlet configured to permit the electrolyte fluid to flow out of the recess;
an electrode positioned entirely within the recess;
a current collector positioned entirely within the recess between the electrode and the recessed inner surface of the first housing, the current collector in direct contact with the electrode over a contact area when the current collector and the electrode are positioned within the recess, the current collector having at least one flow channel formed therein, the flow channel configured to convey the electrolyte fluid such that the electrolyte fluid is in direct contact with the electrode when the electrolyte fluid is in the flow channel; and
a substantially rigid second housing corresponding to the first housing, the first and second housings configured to be assembled together into a single housing assembly, wherein the top surface of the recess side walls is in direct contact with the second housing when the first and second housings are assembled together.

US Pat. No. 11,031,618

POLYMER, POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE AND MEMBRANE/ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY

AGC Inc., Chiyoda-ku (JP...

1. A polymer having units represented by the following formula (u1) and units represented by the following formula (u2), wherein a molar ratio (u2)/((u1)+(u2)) of the units represented by the formula (u2) to a total of the units represented by the formula (u1) and the units represented by the formula (u2) is more than 0.30 and at most 0.70,
wherein Q1 is a perfluoroalkylene group which may have an etheric oxygen atom, Q2 is a single bond, or a perfluoroalkylene group which may have an etheric oxygen atom, Rf1 is a perfluoroalkyl group which may have an etheric oxygen atom, X is an oxygen atom, a nitrogen atom or a carbon atom, a is 0 when X is an oxygen atom, 1 when X is a nitrogen atom, or 2 when X is a carbon atom, Y is a fluorine atom or a monovalent perfluoro organic group, s is 0 or 1, Rf2 is a monovalent perfluoro organic group which does not contain an ion exchange group, Z is a fluorine atom or a monovalent perfluoro organic group, and t is an integer of from 0 to 3,
wherein the polymer further has units derived from tetrafluoroethylene, wherein a proportion of the units derived from tetrafluoroethylene is from 60 to 85 mol % to a total of all units in the polymer.

US Pat. No. 11,031,617

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND INJECTION CONTROL METHOD

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A fuel cell system installed in a mobile body, the fuel system comprising:a fuel cell configured to generate power by using reaction gas;
a gas supply flow path through which the reaction gas is supplied to the fuel cell;
an injection device configured to be provided on the gas supply flow path and to inject the reaction gas;
a pressure regulating valve configured to be provided more on an upstream side than the injection device on the gas supply flow path, and to autonomously perform an opening/closing operation in accordance with a difference between pressure between the pressure regulating valve and the injection device on the gas supply flow path and pressure on an upstream side of the pressure regulating valve; and
a control unit programmed to control injection of the reaction gas by the injection device, wherein
the control unit is programmed to:
calculate an injection interval of the injection device based on an upper limit operation count of the pressure regulating valve set in advance with respect to a predetermined traveling distance of the mobile body, such that the injection interval is set to be shorter in a case where a moving speed of the mobile body is high, and
determine the injection interval and an injection duty cycle such that the injection duty cycle is long when an output current value of the fuel cell is large.

US Pat. No. 11,031,616

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD OF FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:a fuel cell including an electrolyte membrane, an anode, and a cathode;
a voltage regulator configured to regulate an output voltage of the fuel cell; and
a controller programmed to perform a refresh process of decreasing the output voltage of the fuel cell to a reduction voltage at which an oxide film formed on the cathode is reduced, by controlling the voltage regulator, wherein:
the controller is programmed to, before the refresh process, calculate a first amount based on the output voltage of the fuel cell and a time, the first amount being an amount by which the oxide film is to be removed from the cathode,
the controller is programmed to, before the refresh process, determine, as the output voltage of the fuel cell, a refresh voltage that enables the first amount of the oxide film to be removed within a preset reference time, based on a predetermined relationship between the refresh voltage, a refresh time, and the first amount of the oxide film to be removed, the refresh time being equal to or shorter than the preset reference time, and
the controller is programmed to operate the voltage regulator so as to cause the output voltage of the fuel cell to become the refresh voltage when the refresh process is performed.

US Pat. No. 11,031,615

METHOD OF OPERATING A FUEL CELL STACK HAVING A TEMPORARILY DISABLED DRAIN VALVE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of operating a fuel cell stack to power a set of drive wheels of a vehicle, wherein the fuel cell stack includes a cathode, an anode, a sump configured for collecting water from the anode, and a temporarily disabled drain valve that is otherwise configured to transition from a first position to a second position and thereby drain water from the sump, the method comprising:increasing a first pressure in the anode via a controller;
concurrent to increasing, decreasing a second pressure in the cathode via the controller; and
concurrent to decreasing, maintaining a relative humidity of less than a threshold relative humidity in the cathode via the controller; and
continually operating the fuel cell stack to transform chemical energy from an electrochemical reaction of hydrogen and oxygen to electrical energy to thereby power the set of drive wheels while the temporarily disabled drain valve is stuck in the first position and cannot drain water from the sump until the temporarily disabled drain valve transitions to the second position and drains water from the sump;
wherein the fuel cell stack further includes a polymer electrolyte membrane disposed between the cathode and the anode;
wherein the anode and the cathode each include a gas diffusion layer; and further wherein maintaining the relative humidity of less than the threshold relative humidity includes filling the polymer electrolyte membrane and the gas diffusion layer with water before adding water to the sump.

US Pat. No. 11,031,614

METHOD OF EQUALIZING THE PRESSURE DROP OF FUEL CELL COLUMNS

BLOOM ENERGY CORPORATION,...

1. A method of matching the pressure drop of solid oxide fuel cell stacks or columns in a fuel cell system comprising:measuring or estimating a pressure drop in each fuel cell stack or column;
determining if a difference in pressure drops between any of the fuel cell stacks or columns is greater than a threshold value; and
if the difference in the pressure drop is greater than the threshold value, inserting a pressure drop tool inside a gas conduit of one of the fuel cell stacks or columns that has a lowest pressure drop, the pressure drop tool increasing the pressure drop of the fuel cell stack or column having the lowest pressure drop such that the difference in pressure drop between the fuel cell stacks or columns is less than the threshold value,
wherein the pressure drop tool is a porous plug or plate with holes which is retained inside the gas conduit by friction, such that the pressure drop tool provides a fixed amount of flow restriction at a designated gas flow rate.

US Pat. No. 11,031,613

FUEL CELL POWER SYSTEM FOR AN UNMANNED SURFACE VEHICLE

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An unmanned surface vehicle, comprising:a power system, comprising:
a fuel cell including a fuel cell stack, wherein the fuel cell stack includes a fuel inlet, an air inlet, and an exhaust outlet;
a fuel storage including at least one fuel-storage module fluidly connected to the fuel inlet of the fuel cell stack, wherein the at least one fuel-storage module is a source of energy for the fuel cell;
a wave sensor in electronic communication with a control module, wherein the wave sensor is configured to indicate a sea state, and wherein the control module decides to either continue or terminate operation of the power system based on at least the sea state;
an air management system fluidly connected to the air inlet and the exhaust outlet of the fuel cell; and
an air snorkel that is part of the air management system and provides air to operate the fuel cell while the unmanned surface vehicle is deployed within a body of water, wherein the air snorkel provides air to operate the fuel cell while the unmanned surface vehicle is deployed on a surface of a body of water, and wherein the air snorkel includes:
an air intake for receiving ambient air supplied to the fuel cell stack; and
an exhaust for expelling exhausted air and exhausted water-vapor created by the fuel cell stack.

US Pat. No. 11,031,612

FUEL CELL SYSTEM HAVING INTEGRATED GAS CONNECTIONS FOR CONNECTION TO AN EXTERNAL TEST GAS SUPPLY

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A fuel cell system, comprising:a fuel cell stack;
an anode supply with an anode supply path for supplying an anode operating gas to the fuel cell stack and an anode exhaust path for discharging an anode exhaust from the fuel cell stack;
a cathode supply with a cathode supply path for supplying a cathode operating gas to the fuel cell stack and a cathode exhaust path for discharging a cathode exhaust from the fuel cell stack;
wherein:
a respective anode shut-off element is arranged in each of the anode supply path and the anode exhaust path, and a respective anode gas connection for connecting to an anode external test gas supply is arranged between each anode shut-off element and the fuel cell stack, and/or
a respective cathode shut-off element is arranged in each of the cathode supply path and the cathode exhaust path, and a respective cathode gas connection for connecting to a cathode external test gas supply is arranged between each cathode shut-off element and the fuel cell stack.

US Pat. No. 11,031,611

INTEGRATED GAS MANAGEMENT DEVICE FOR A FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Dana Canada Corporation, ...

1. An integrated gas management device (GMD), comprising:(a) a gas-to-gas humidifier core comprising:
a stack of humidifier plates separated by moisture-permeable membranes or a bundle of tubes, each of the tubes having a tube wall comprising a water permeable membrane;
one or more first gas flow passages;
one or more second gas flow passages;
a first end and a second end;
a first gas inlet manifold and a first gas outlet manifold in flow communication with the first gas flow passages; and
a second gas inlet manifold and a second gas outlet manifold in flow communication with the second gas flow passages;
wherein the manifolds extend through the humidifier core from the first end to the second end;
(b) a heat exchanger attached to the first end of the humidifier core, the heat exchanger comprising at least one heat exchanger first gas flow passage extending along the length of the heat exchanger and at least one coolant flow passage extending in a counter-flow or co-flow configuration with
the at least one first heat exchanger gas flow passage, the heat exchanger further comprising a first gas outlet opening aligned with the first gas inlet manifold of the humidifier core, the first gas outlet opening through which the at least one first heat exchanger gas flow passage is in flow communication with the first gas inlet manifold of the humidifier core,
a wall of the heat exchanger interior to the GMD forming an end plate of the humidifier core which compresses the humidifier core when assembled;
an exterior wall of the heat exchanger forming an exterior wall of the GMD; and
(c) a second component attached to the second end of the humidifier core, and a wall of the second component forming an exterior wall of the GMD,
a wall of the second component interior to the GMD forming an end plate of the humidifier core which compresses the humidifier core during assembly.

US Pat. No. 11,031,610

FUEL CELL STACK

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A fuel cells stack comprising a stack body including a plurality of power generation cells stacked in a stacking direction, the power generation cells each including a membrane electrode assembly and metal separators provided on both sides of the membrane electrode assembly, the membrane electrode assembly including an electrolyte membrane and electrodes on both sides of the electrolyte membrane,wherein a seal bead protruding in the stacking direction of the stack body is formed in the metal separator in a manner that the seal bead contacts an outer portion of the membrane electrode assembly or a frame provided on the outer portion of the membrane electrode assembly; and
insulators and end plates sandwiching the stack body in the stacking direction are provided at both ends of the stack body in the stacking direction in a manner that the seal bead is deformed elastically, and
wherein the stack body includes end metal separators positioned at both ends in the stacking direction;
an end seal bead protruding outward in the stacking direction is formed in each of the end metal separators;
each of the seal beads and the end seal beads extends in a wavy pattern in a plan view viewed in the stacking direction;
a seal member configured to contact the end seal bead is provided in an outer portion of the insulator or the end plate;
a width of the seal member is larger than a maximum width of the end seal bead;
the seal member extends straight in the plan view viewed in the stacking direction;
the end seal bead extending in the wavy pattern in the plan view viewed in the stacking direction includes a first protrusion protruding in a direction perpendicular to a direction in which the end seal bead extends, and a second protrusion protruding in a direction opposite to the direction in which the first protrusion protrudes; and
the width of the seal member is larger than a distance between a protruding end of the first protrusion and a protruding end of the second protrusion.

US Pat. No. 11,031,609

FUEL CELL STACK

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A fuel cell stack, comprising:a separator that comprises:
a diffusion part, as being provided with a diffusion channel, the diffusion part configured to distribute reaction gas and cooling water, and
a reaction part, as being continuously formed from the diffusion part and inserted with a porous body having a plurality of channels provided therein, the reaction part configured to move reaction gas distributed from the diffusion part and generate electrons by a chemical reaction; and
a gas diffusion layer configured to contact the diffusion part of the separator and the reaction part of the separator,
wherein the porous body is inserted between only the reaction part of the separator and the gas diffusion layer, and
wherein a height of the porous body is greater than a height of the diffusion part of the separator.

US Pat. No. 11,031,608

CONNECTING ELEMENT FOR ELECTRICALLY CONTACT-CONNECTING SEPARATOR PLATES OF A FUEL CELL STACK

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A connecting element for making electrical contact with at least one separator plate of a fuel cell stack, comprising:a housing;
a contact element which is arranged in the housing and has a contact end for making contact with the separator plate and has a connection end for connection to a continuing line, wherein a positive z-direction is defined from the contact end in the direction of the connection end;
a cutout in a wall of the housing, wherein
the cutout is a passage hole,
the contact element is positioned in the cutout,
the contact end is arranged on a first side of the cutout in the wall of the housing,
the connection end is arranged on a second, opposite, side of the cutout in the wall of the housing,
the contact element has an interlocking element which bears in an interlocking manner against the housing on the first side of the cutout, and
the contact element is formed so as to be insertable into the cutout in the positive z-direction.

US Pat. No. 11,031,607

HYBRID THERMAL BATTERY RESERVE POWER SOURCE

OMNITEK PARTNERS LLC, Ro...

1. A thermal battery comprising:a casing;
a battery cell disposed in the casing, the battery cell comprising a stack of cells;
a pair of electrical leads extending from the casing and electrically connected to the battery cell;
a heat generating pyrotechnic material, separate from the battery cell, at least partially surrounding the battery cell;
an inertial starter disposed within a hole in the stack of cells for at least activating the battery cell upon the casing experiencing a predetermined acceleration event; and
insulation disposed between the heat generating pyrotechnic material and the casing.

US Pat. No. 11,031,606

REVERSIBLE BIFUNCTIONAL AIR ELECTRODE CATALYST FOR RECHARGEABLE METAL AIR BATTERY AND REGENERATIVE FUEL CELL

University of Tennessee R...

1. An electrochemical cell comprising:an air electrode in flow communication with a storage tank containing an aqueous solution of hydrogen peroxide;
a metal electrode;
a catalyst layer in contact with the air electrode or a gas diffusion layer associated with the air electrode; and
a separator layer in contact with the metal electrode and catalyst layer, wherein the catalyst layer includes a catalyst for two electron reversible oxygen reduction, wherein the catalyst comprises (a) gold and (b) a cobalt coordination complex or polymer thereof, and wherein the cobalt coordination complex comprises a cobalt ion chelated by a tetradentate organic chelating ligand.

US Pat. No. 11,031,605

CATHODES FOR USE IN LITHIUM-AIR BATTERIES

University of Utah Resear...

1. A cathode for use in a lithium-air battery, comprising:a polymer binder having a conductive material, phyllosilicate nanoparticles, a lithium salt, and a metal catalyst distributed in the polymer binder;
wherein the cathode is porous to allow oxygen to diffuse from surrounding air into the cathode.

US Pat. No. 11,031,604

CATALYST AND ELECTRODE CATALYST LAYER, MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY, AND FUEL CELL USING THE CATALYST

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A catalyst comprising a catalyst support and a catalyst metal supported on the catalyst support,wherein the catalyst includes pores having a radius of less than 1 nm and pores having a radius of 1 nm or more,
wherein a pore volume of the pores having a radius of less than 1 nm is 0.3 cc/g support to 2 cc/g support,
wherein the catalyst metal has particles supported inside the pores having a radius of 1 nm or more and has particles supported on an outer surface of the catalyst support,
wherein a number of the particles of the catalyst metal supported inside the pores having a radius of 1 nm or more is greater than a number of the particles of the catalyst metal supported on the outer surface of the catalyst support, and
wherein the outer surface of the catalyst support is not an inner surface of the pores having a radius of 1 nm or more.

US Pat. No. 11,031,603

BATTERY AND BATTERY MANUFACTURING METHOD

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A battery, comprising:a first current collector;
a first electrode layer;
a first counter electrode layer;
a second current collector;
a fourth electrode layer; and
a fourth counter electrode layer,
wherein the first counter electrode layer is a counter electrode of the first electrode layer,
wherein the first current collector includes a first electroconductive portion, a second electroconductive portion, and a first insulating portion,
wherein the first electrode layer is disposed in contact with the first electroconductive portion,
wherein the first counter electrode layer is disposed in contact with the second electroconductive portion,
wherein the first insulating portion links the first electroconductive portion and the second electroconductive portion,
wherein the first current collector is folded at the first insulating portion, whereby the first electrode layer and the first counter electrode layer are positioned facing each other,
wherein the fourth counter electrode layer is a counter electrode of the first electrode layer and fourth electrode layer,
wherein the second current collector has a fifth electroconductive portion,
wherein the fifth electroconductive portion is disposed between the first electroconductive portion and second electroconductive portion,
wherein the fourth electrode layer is disposed at a position facing the first counter electrode layer, in contact with the fifth electroconductive portion, and
wherein the fourth counter electrode layer is disposed at a position facing the first electrode layer, in contact with the fifth electroconductive portion.

US Pat. No. 11,031,602

ELECTRIC VEHICLE BATTERY CURRENT COMMUNICATION DEVICE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electric vehicle battery current communication device, comprising:a terminal landing; and
a transition extending from the terminal landing to a current collector, the transition concurrently bent and tapered such that a bending of the transition is coincident with a tapering of the transition, the transition configured to bend toward an interior of a battery cell such that a portion of the transition is closer to the interior than each portion of the terminal landing, the terminal landing having a first width where the terminal landing meets the transition, the current collector having a second width where the current collector meets the transition and where the current collector extends through a molding in the battery cell, the second width being less than the first width,
wherein the terminal landing is disposed along a first plane aligned and spaced a distance from the battery cell, and the current collector is disposed along a second plane that is transverse to the first plane, and
wherein the entire transition is both bent and tapered.

US Pat. No. 11,031,601

BATTERY AND CELL STACK

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A battery, comprising:a unit cell including an electrode layer, a counter electrode layer facing the electrode layer, and a solid electrolyte layer disposed between the electrode layer and the counter electrode layer;
an electrode current collector in contact with the electrode layer;
a counter electrode current collector in contact with the counter electrode layer; and
a seal disposed between the electrode current collector and the counter electrode current collector,
wherein the unit cell is disposed between the electrode current collector and the counter electrode current collector,
wherein, when the battery is viewed in a direction of a thickness of the battery,
the electrode current collector includes a first region that does not overlap the electrode layer, the first region including at least part of an outer circumference of the electrode current collector;
the counter electrode current collector includes a second region that does not overlap the counter electrode layer, the second region including at least part of an outer circumference of the counter electrode current collector; and
the seal overlaps the first region and the second region, and
wherein a thickness of a first stack portion is larger than a thickness of a second stack portion,
the first stack portion including a first sealing portion that is at least part of the seal; a part of the electrode current collector, the part overlapping the first sealing portion when the battery is viewed in the direction of the thickness of the battery; and a part of the counter electrode current collector, the part overlapping the first sealing portion when the battery is viewed in the direction of the thickness of the battery, and
the second stack portion including the unit cell; a part of the electrode current collector, the part overlapping the unit cell when the battery is viewed in the direction of the thickness of the battery; and a part of the counter electrode current collector, the part overlapping the unit cell when the battery is viewed in the direction of the thickness of the battery.

US Pat. No. 11,031,600

LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING ALUMINUM SILICATE

LG ENERGY SOLUTION, LTD.,...

1. A lithium ion secondary battery, comprising:a cathode;
an anode:
a separator; and
an electrolytic solution comprising a lithium salt,
wherein the cathode comprises a current collector and a cathode mixture formed on the current collector,
wherein the cathode mixture comprises particles of aluminum silicate coated with carbon, and
wherein the particles of aluminum silicate coated with carbon have a mass loss rate of from 0.5% to 30% at from 350° C. to 850° C., measured using a differential thermal-thermogravimetric analyzer (TG-DTA).

US Pat. No. 11,031,599

ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL HAVING SOLID IONICALLY CONDUCTING POLYMER MATERIAL

IONIC MATERIALS, INC., W...

1. An electrochemical cell for producing electrical energy via an electrochemical reaction comprising:an anode; and
a cathode;
wherein the anode comprises a solid ionically conducting polymer material;
wherein the solid ionically conducting polymer material can ionically conduct hydroxyl ions,
whereby the solid ionically conducting polymer material can conduct hydroxyl ions during said electrochemical reaction;
wherein the anode further comprises an anode electrochemically active material;
wherein the solid ionically conducting polymer material and the anode electrochemically active material are mixed, whereby the solid ionically conducting polymer material can ionically conduct hydroxyl ions to the anode electrochemically active material.

US Pat. No. 11,031,597

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY

SHOWA DENKO MATERIALS CO....

1. A negative electrode material for a lithium-ion secondary battery, comprising graphitic particles of which a standard deviation of circularity at a cumulative frequency ranging from 10% by particle to 90% by particle from a lower circularity, determined by a flow-type particle analyzer, is from 0.05 to 0.1.

US Pat. No. 11,031,596

LITHIUM COMPLEX OXIDE FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY POSITIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME

ECOPRO BM CO., LTD., Chu...

1. A lithium complex oxide secondary particle formed by coagulation of a plurality of primary particles, comprising:a graded Co concentration part on a surface of the secondary particle;
an uniform Co concentration part in an inner side of the surface; and
wherein the secondary particle has at least one peak generated from LiCoO2 during XRD analysis,
wherein a thickness of the graded Co concentration part is 50 to 150 nm,
wherein the secondary particle has a ratio of peak intensity (I531) around 531 eV and peak intensity (I528) around 528.5 eV during an O 1s core-level spectrometry that is obtained through XPS measurement, and
wherein the ratio is I531/I528?2.

US Pat. No. 11,031,594

POSITIVE ELECTRODE FOR RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY, RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING SAME AND BATTERY MODULE

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A positive active material for a rechargeable lithium battery, comprising:a lithium nickel-manganese-cobalt composite oxide, and
a coating layer on the surface of the lithium nickel-manganese-cobalt composite oxide,
wherein the coating layer comprises a lithium oxide comprising a lithium aluminum tungstate represented by Chemical Formula 2:
LiaWbAlcOd,  Chemical Formula 2
wherein, in Chemical Formula 2, 0.5?a?2, 1?b?3, 1?c?4 and 1?d?6.

US Pat. No. 11,031,593

METHOD OF PRODUCING COBALT-COATED PRECURSOR, COBALT-COATED PRECURSOR PRODUCED THEREBY, AND POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL PREPARED USING SAME

ECOPRO BM CO., LTD., Chu...

1. A method of producing positive active material for a lithium secondary battery comprising the following steps:a step 1 of mixing a metal mixed solution including a nickel-containing compound, a first cobalt-containing compound, an aqueous ammonia solution as a complexing agent, and a hydroxyl group-providing aqueous alkaline solution as a pH adjusting agent to prepare materials including a nickel-cobalt composite hydroxide represented by the following chemical formula 1 by a co-precipitation method;
[NixCoyMz](OH)2  [Chemical Formula 1]
(In chemical formula 1, 0.6?x<1.00, 0?y?0.20, 0?z?0.2, x+y+z=1, and
M is one or more selected from the group consisting of Al, Mn, B, Ba, Cr, F, Li, Mo, P, Sr, Ti and Zr)
a step 2 of preparing cobalt sulfate or cobalt nitrate as a second cobalt-containing compound;
a step 3 of injecting the materials including the nickel-cobalt composite hydroxide prepared in the step 1 into an aqueous alkaline solution or distilled water, and mixing the cobalt sulfate or the cobalt nitrate containing compound prepared in the step 2 with the materials including the nickel-cobalt composite hydroxide injected into the aqueous alkaline solution or distilled water to obtain cobalt-coated materials;
a step 4 of separating the cobalt-coated materials;
a step 5 of drying the separated cobalt-coated materials to prepare a cobalt-coated precursor;
a step 6 of mixing the prepared cobalt-coated precursor with a lithium compound to obtain a mixture; and
a step 7 of heat-treating the mixture to obtain a lithium metal composite oxide.

US Pat. No. 11,031,592

LITHIUM DOPED SILICON OXIDE-BASED NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

OSAKA TITANIUM TECHNOLOGI...

1. A method of manufacturing a silicon oxide-based negative electrode material, the method comprising: heating a raw material containing Si, O, and Li to generate a SiO gas and a Li gas simultaneously from the raw material, and cooling the SiO gas and the Li gas on a same surface to allow for collection,wherein a portion of Si contained in the raw material is present as elemental Si, and Li is present as lithium silicate.

US Pat. No. 11,031,591

POLYSILSESQUIOXANE COVERED SILICON NANOPARTICLES OR CALCINED PRODUCT THEREOF AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERY, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERY AND LITHIUM ION BATTERY

JNC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A calcined product of polysilsesquioxane covered silicon nanoparticles comprisingsilicon nanoparticles having a volume-basis mean particle size of more than 10 nm and less than 500 nm and having no particle having a particle size of 1000 nm or more, and
a polysilsesquioxane covering the silicon nanoparticles and being chemically bonded to a surface of each of the silicon nanoparticles,
wherein each of the polysilsesquioxane covered silicon nanoparticles has a Si—H bond, and
wherein a thickness of the polysilsesquioxane observed with a transmission electron microscope is 1 nm or more and 30 nm or less.

US Pat. No. 11,031,590

CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME

SK INNOVATION CO., LTD., ...

1. A cathode active material for a lithium secondary battery, comprising:a lithium metal oxide particle formed of a crystal of a compound represented by Formula 1 below; and
a lithium-aluminum-titanium oxide represented by Formula 2 below and formed on at least a part of a surface of the lithium metal oxide particle:
Li?NiyMzO2-?[Formula 1]wherein, in the above Formula 1, M is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Co, Mn, Ti, Zr, Al and B, and ?, ?, y, and z are in a range of 0.7???1.1, ?0.1???0.5, 0.7?y?0.95, and 0.95 wherein, in the above Formula 2, ?, v, w and x are in a range of 0.8

US Pat. No. 11,031,589

CHEMICAL-FREE PRODUCTION OF PROTECTED ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL PARTICLES FOR LITHIUM BATTERIES

Global Graphene Group, In...

1. An anode particulate for a lithium battery, said particulate comprising a core and a thin encapsulating layer that fully encapsulates or embraces said core, wherein said core comprises a single or a plurality of primary particles of an anode active material, having a volume Va, dispersed or embedded in a porous carbon matrix or carbon foam, wherein said porous carbon matrix or carbon foam contains pores having a pore volume Vp, and said thin encapsulating layer comprises graphene sheets and has a thickness from 1 nm to 10 ?m, an electric conductivity from 10?6 S/cm to 20,000 S/cm and a lithium ion conductivity from 10?8 S/cm to 5×10?2 S/cm and wherein the volume ratio Vp/Va is from 0.3/1.0 to 5.0/1.0 and the porous carbon matrix or carbon foam electronically and/or ionically connects the encapsulating layer to the primary particles of the anode active material.

US Pat. No. 11,031,588

SILICON-BASED COMPOSITE ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR SECONDARY BATTERY, ANODE COMPRISING SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An anode active material for a secondary battery comprising:a graphite; and
a silicon component comprising two or more selected from the group consisting of Si-M, SiOx, and SiC, wherein the Si-M is a silicon alloy, and the M comprises one or more selected from the group consisting of a transition metal, an alkaline earth metal, a group 13 element, a group 14 element, and a rare earth element,
wherein the silicon component comprises two selected from the Si-M in an amount greater than 0 wt % and of about 20 wt % or less, the SiOx in an amount greater than 0 wt % and of about 20 wt % or less, and the SiC in an amount greater than 0 wt % and of about 60 wt % or less, all wt % based on the total weight of the anode active material.

US Pat. No. 11,031,586

METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING SULFUR ELECTRODES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for manufacturing a sulfur electrode, the method comprising: providing an electrode comprising: a current collector having a first surface, and a sulfur-based host material applied to the first surface of the current collector, wherein the sulfur-based host material comprises about 45% to about 80% by mass of one or more sulfur compounds, about 9% to about 45% by mass of one or more electrically conductive carbon materials, and about 2% to about 10% by mass of one or more binders; and forming a plurality of channels within the sulfur-based host material wherein the plurality of channels define a plurality of host material columns, each of the host material columns having one or more exterior surfaces contiguous with one or more of the channels which extend outward from the first surface of the current collector.

US Pat. No. 11,031,585

METHOD FOR PRODUCING COATED NICKEL-BASED LITHIUM-NICKEL COMPOSITE OXIDE PARTICLES

SUMITOMO METAL MINING CO....

1. A method for producing a coated nickel-based lithium-nickel composite oxide particle, comprising:an organic compound radicalization step of obtaining a radicalized organic compound by introducing an organic compound having 8 or less carbon atoms into a reaction gas, which has been excited into a plasma under the atmosphere, together with a carrier gas and radicalizing the organic compound; and
a coating step of coating a surface of a nickel-based lithium-nickel composite oxide particle with a coat film that contains an organic compound of a polymer or copolymer by bringing the radicalized organic compound into contact with the surface of the nickel-based lithium-nickel composite oxide particle.

US Pat. No. 11,031,584

LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING LITHIUM METAL AS NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A lithium secondary battery comprising:a positive electrode including a positive electrode active material containing lithium;
a negative electrode including:
a negative electrode current collector having a surface, wherein the negative electrode current collector is one of stainless steel, nickel, copper, iron, or graphite, and
lithium metal pieces arranged spaced from each other on the surface of the negative electrode current collector;
a separator disposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode; and
a nonaqueous electrolyte solution filled between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, the nonaqueous electrolyte solution having a lithium ion conductivity,
wherein a base portion of the surface of the negative electrode current collector, which is not covered by the lithium metal pieces, allows a lithium metal to be deposited thereon as a negative electrode active material when the lithium secondary battery is in a charged state, and
the lithium metal pieces are in direct contact with the separator both when the lithium secondary battery is in the charged state and when the lithium secondary battery is in a discharged state, and the lithium metal pieces secure a space, in which the lithium metal is deposited when the lithium secondary battery is in the charged state.

US Pat. No. 11,031,582

ELECTRODE MANUFACTURE BY SWITCHING CONTACT REGION OF ROLL SURFACE UPON ABNORMALITY DETECTION

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An apparatus for manufacturing an electrode, comprising:a press roll configured to perform press-working of a strip electrode being conveyed along a conveyance path, and including a roll surface having a width greater than a width of the electrode;
a switch configured to switch a contact region of the roll surface of said press roll by switching the conveyance path of the electrode, the contact region contacting with the electrode during press-working;
a detector configured to detect a state of the electrode; and
a controller, coupled to said detector and to said switch, said controller configured to detect an abnormality of the roll surface of said press roll in response to an output of said detector, and to control the switch,
the controller controlling said switch for switching the contact region of the roll surface of said press roll from a first region to a second region in response to said controller detecting and abnormality of the roll surface in a state in which the contact region is the first region, and
the second region not including an abnormality of the roll surface.

US Pat. No. 11,031,581

SPUTTERING DEPOSITION OF AN ANODE MATERIAL AND CATHODE MATERIAL FROM A SINGLE TARGET SOURCE THAT ARE NANOSTRUCTURED AND ELECTROCHEMICALLY COUPLED FOR MANUFACTURING OF LITHIUM ION BATTERIES

The University of Tulsa, ...

1. A process of sputter deposition of both a cathode material and an anode material from a single target source, which process comprises:deposition sputtering on a substrate from a lithiated metal oxide target source to produce an anode; and
deposition sputtering on said substrate from said lithiated metal oxide target source to produce a cathode.

US Pat. No. 11,031,580

SECONDARY BATTERY WITH EMBOSSED SAFETY VENT

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A secondary battery comprising:a case;
a cap plate which is installed in the case and has a vent hole; and
a safety vent which is coupled to the vent hole of the cap plate and ruptures when an internal pressure of the case is greater than a reference pressure,
wherein the safety vent comprises:
an embossed portion; and
a notch portion formed in the embossed portion,
wherein the embossed portion comprises a central portion protruding in a first direction and an outer portion protruding in a second direction opposite to the first direction, the central portion extending outside of the outer portion, and the notch portion is formed in the central portion.

US Pat. No. 11,031,579

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING AN OLED DEVICE

LUMILEDS LLC, San Jose, ...

1. A method of manufacturing an OLED device comprising an OLED and an integrated negative overvoltage protection diode, which method comprises at least the steps of:depositing a first OLED electrode and a separate second OLED electrode contact on a carrier, which second OLED electrode contact incorporates a first overvoltage protection diode electrode;
depositing an organic material layer stack as a single layer stack to simultaneously define an active region of the OLED and an active region of the overvoltage protection diode;
depositing a second OLED electrode to extend over the active region of the OLED and the second OLED electrode contact, such that the first overvoltage protection diode electrode is electrically connected to the second OLED electrode through the second OLED contact; and
depositing a second overvoltage protection diode electrode to extend over the active region of the overvoltage protection diode and the first OLED electrode, such that the second overvoltage protection diode electrode is electrically connected to the first OLED electrode,
wherein the OLED and the overvoltage protection diode are connected in anti-parallel.

US Pat. No. 11,031,578

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An display substrate, comprising:a base substrate; and
a pixel defining layer on the base substrate, wherein the pixel defining layer is provided with an opening region comprising a bottom wall and at least one sidewall, wherein in the opening region, an edge of the bottom wall is provided with at least one hydrophilic inducing column, wherein at least one of the hydrophilic inducing column has a hydrophilic surface.

US Pat. No. 11,031,577

MULTIMODAL MICROCAVITY OLED WITH MULTIPLE BLUE EMITTING LAYERS

OLEDWorks LLC, Rochester...

1. A multimodal light-emitting OLED microcavity device, comprising:an opaque substrate;
a layer with a reflective surface over the substrate;
a first electrode over the reflective surface;
organic layers for light-emission including first and second blue light-emitting layers, the second blue light-emitting layer closer to the reflective surface and the first blue light-emitting layer further from the reflective layer than the second blue light-emitting layer, where a distance between the midpoints of the second and first blue-light emitting layers is L1, and at least one non-blue light-emitting layer;
a semi-transparent second electrode with an innermost surface through which light is emitted;
wherein a distance L0 between the reflective surface and the innermost surface of the semi-transparent second electrode is constant over the entire light-emitting area; and
the ratio L1/L0 is in the range of 0.30-0.40.

US Pat. No. 11,031,576

OLED DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. An OLED display panel, comprising a base substrate, an OLED unit disposed on the base substrate, an organic layer disposed on the base substrate and covering the OLED unit, and a package cover disposed on a side of the organic layer away from the base substrate and is cell aligned with the base substrate, wherein:the organic layer comprises an organic material and a metal nitride capable of reacting with moisture to release ammonia gas,
wherein a closed cavity is formed between the organic layer and the package cover, and the closed cavity is filled with nitrogen gas, and a pressure of the nitrogen gas in the closed cavity is higher than a standard atmospheric pressure,
wherein the pressure of the nitrogen gas in the closed cavity is 1.05 to 1.2 times higher than the standard atmospheric pressure.

US Pat. No. 11,031,575

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a substrate comprising a display area, and a peripheral area in an outer region of the display area;
a first insulating layer on the substrate across the display area and the peripheral area;
a first dam in the peripheral area and separated from the first insulating layer;
an electrode power supply line on the substrate, and comprising a part between the first insulating layer and the first dam;
a protection conductive layer on the first insulating layer, extending over the electrode power supply line, electrically connected to the electrode power supply line;
a pixel electrode on the first insulating layer in the display area;
an opposite electrode on the pixel electrode, and contacting the protection conductive layer by extending to the peripheral area; and
an encapsulation layer on the opposite electrode, and having a lower surface that contacts an upper surface of the protection conductive layer in the peripheral area in a region where the protection conductive layer overlaps the electrode power supply line,
wherein the protection conductive layer comprises an uneven structure on the upper surface thereof where the protection conductive layer overlaps and contacts both the electrode power supply line and the encapsulation layer,
wherein the encapsulation layer comprises an uneven structure on the lower surface thereof corresponding to the uneven structure on the upper surface of the protection conductive layer where the encapsulation layer contacts the protection conductive layer between the first insulating layer and the first dam,
wherein the uneven structure of the upper surface of the protection conductive layer being directly above a portion of the protection conductive layer that both contacts the electrode power supply line and the encapsulation layer and is spaced apart from both of the first insulating layer and the first dam.

US Pat. No. 11,031,574

BENDABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE MODULES, ARTICLES AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A foldable electronic device module, comprising:a cover element comprising:
(a) a component having a glass composition, and a component having a polymer composition,
(b) a first primary surface, and
(c) a second primary surface;
a stack comprising:
(a) a panel having a first primary surface and a second primary surface, the first primary surface facing the second primary surface of the cover element, and a panel elastic modulus between about 300 MPa and about 10 GPa, and
(b) an electronic device coupled to the panel; and
a first adhesive configured to join the stack to the second primary surface of the cover element, the first adhesive comprising a shear modulus between about 0.1 MPa and about 100 MPa,
wherein a thickness measured between second primary surface of the cover element and the second primary surface of the panel is from about 105 ?m to about 660 ?m, the glass component of the cover element comprises a compressive stress region comprising a compressive stress from about 100 MPa to about 2,000 MPa at the first primary surface of the cover element.

US Pat. No. 11,031,573

ENCAPSULATION LAYER OF FLEXIBLE DISPLAY PANEL AND FLEXIBLE DISPLAY

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A flexible display panel, comprising:a display area; and
a bending area located at a side of the display area;
wherein the display area is covered with an encapsulation layer, an edge of the encapsulation layer near the bending area between the bending area and the display area;
wherein a plurality of notches are disposed at intervals on the edge of the encapsulation layer near the bending area between the bending area and the display area;
wherein a protrusion is formed between two of the plurality of notches adjacent to each other, and a thickness of the protrusion is gradually reduced in a direction from the display area to the bending area, a terminal of the protrusion is located between the bending area and the display area;
wherein the encapsulation layer comprises a plurality of inorganic layers and organic layers alternately arranged, and a material of the organic layers is organic flexible material; and
wherein the plurality of notches are filled with the organic flexible material, so as to form a flexible material layer.

US Pat. No. 11,031,572

DISPLAY DEVICE

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A display device, comprising:a substrate having a plurality of emission parts and a plurality of transmission parts;
an organic light emitting layer at each of the plurality of emission parts;
a reflective electrode structure at each of the plurality of emission parts between the organic light emitting layer and the substrate; and
a transmissive electrode structure having a first layer disposed over the organic light emitting layer to cover the plurality of emission parts and the plurality of transmission parts, and a second layer in an area except for the plurality of transmission parts and contacting the first layer.

US Pat. No. 11,031,571

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME

HEFEI XINSHENG OPTOELECTR...

1. A display device, comprising:a first base;
a transparent electrode arranged on the first base;
a display substrate arranged on a side of the first base proximate to the transparent electrode and opposite to the first base, the display substrate comprising a cathode located on a side of the display substrate proximate to the first base; and
a supporting body located between the transparent electrode and the cathode and configured to electrically conduct the transparent electrode and the cathode,
wherein the supporting body comprises monodisperse particles and a conductive layer wrapping the monodisperse particles, the transparent electrode and the cathode being electrically conducted through the conductive layer.

US Pat. No. 11,031,570

ORGANIC EL ELEMENT, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ORGANIC EL ELEMENT, ORGANIC EL PANEL, ORGANIC EL DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

JOLED INC., Tokyo (JP)

1. An organic electroluminescence element comprising:an anode;
an organic light emitting layer disposed on an upper side of the anode;
a functional layer which is disposed over the organic light emitting layer, in which a rare earth metal and other material are present mixedly, and in which part of the rare earth metal is oxidized; and
a cathode disposed on an upper side of the functional layer,
wherein content of the rare earth metal based on a total amount of the fluoride of the metal selected from among the alkali metals and the alkaline earth metals and the rare earth metal is more than 73 wt % and less than 100 wt %.

US Pat. No. 11,031,569

EXCITED STATE MANAGEMENT

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. A device comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode;
an organic emissive stack disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, the organic emissive stack comprising a first emissive layer, the first emissive layer comprising:
a host material;
a first dopant that provides thermally assisted delayed fluorescence (TADF) in the host material and has a dissociative first energy level at which doubly-excited excitons and/or polarons undergo a dissociative reaction, and
a second dopant having a solid state sink energy level that is between a singly-excited energy level of the first dopant and a multiply-excited energy level of the first dopant, and lower than the dissociative first energy level of the first dopant.

US Pat. No. 11,031,568

PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION ELEMENT INCLUDING FIRST ELECTRODE, SECOND ELECTRODES, PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION FILM, AND CONDUCTIVE LAYER AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A method for manufacturing a photoelectric conversion element, comprising:providing a base structure including a semiconductor substrate having a principal surface, a first electrode located on or above the principal surface, second electrodes which are located on or above the principal surface and which are one- or two-dimensionally arranged, and a photoelectric conversion film covering at least the second electrodes;
forming a mask layer on the photoelectric conversion film, the mask layer being conductive and including a covering section covering a portion of the photoelectric conversion film that overlaps the second electrodes in plan view; and
partially removing the photoelectric conversion film by immersing the base structure and the mask layer in an etchant.

US Pat. No. 11,031,567

EFFICIENT SOLAR CELLS USING ALL-ORGANIC NANOCRYSTALLINE NETWORKS

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A method of fabricating a photosensitive optoelectronic device, comprising:depositing a first organic semiconductor material over a first electrode to form a continuous first layer;
depositing a second organic semiconductor material over the first layer to form a discontinuous second layer, portions of the first layer remaining exposed;
depositing the first organic semiconductor material directly on the second layer to form a discontinuous third layer, portions of at least the second layer remaining exposed;
alternating deposition of the first and second organic semiconductor materials;
depositing the second organic semiconductor material to form a continuous fourth layer, and
depositing a second electrode over the fourth layer,
wherein at least one of the first electrode and the second electrode is transparent, and
the first organic semiconductor material is one or more donor-type materials or one or more acceptor-type materials relative to the second organic semiconductor material, said second organic semiconductor material being one or more materials of the other material,
wherein at least one of the first and second organic semiconductor materials comprise nanocrystals.

US Pat. No. 11,031,566

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING LAMINATE FOR ORGANIC-INORGANIC HYBRID SOLAR CELL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ORGANIC-INORGANIC HYBRID SOLAR CELL

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method for manufacturing a laminate for an organic-inorganic hybrid solar cell, the method comprising:forming a metal precursor layer by using a metal precursor solution; and
forming a common layer and an electrode by applying a metal hydride to the metal precursor layer.

US Pat. No. 11,031,565

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A method of manufacturing a display device, the method comprising:forming a display module including a first area defined therein, the display module comprising a display panel, a first film under a lower surface of the display panel, and an adhesive layer between the lower surface of the display panel and the first film;
irradiating a laser beam in an upper direction extending from the lower surface of the display panel to an upper surface of the display panel that is opposite the lower surface to cut the first film to define a film groove therein and the adhesive layer to define an adhesive groove therein to overlap with the film groove along at least one edge of the first area, and such that a first portion of a base substrate of the display panel that defines the lower surface is exposed by the film groove and the adhesive groove, and a second portion of the base substrate is overlapped with the first film; and
melting a portion of the first film by the laser beam to form a burr protruding from a second surface of the first film that is opposite to a first surface of the first film, the first surface being adjacent to the adhesive layer.

US Pat. No. 11,031,564

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a display panel including a display area and a peripheral area outside the display area;
a resin film located at the display area and the peripheral area;
a wiring located in the peripheral area and on the resin film; and
an organic insulating film located at the peripheral area, wherein
the wiring is between the resin film and the organic insulating film,
the resin film includes a first thickness portion and a second thickness portion in the peripheral area,
the second thickness portion is located nearer the display area than the first thickness portion,
the first thickness portion is thinner than the second thickness portion,
the wiring overlaps with the first thickness portion and the second thickness portion, and
the first thickness portion of the resin film is in contact with the wiring.

US Pat. No. 11,031,563

FLEXIBLE ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE DISPLAY PANEL AND FLEXIBLE ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE DISPLAY DEVICE

1. A flexible organic light-emitting diode (OLED) display panel, comprising:a folding section for folding, wherein a substrate structure is disposed at the folding section and an OLED display module is disposed on the substrate structure, wherein the substrate structure comprises:
a base substrate; and
a flexible structural layer disposed on the base substrate, wherein the flexible structural layer comprises at least two flexible layers arranged one on the other;
wherein the flexible layers comprise a plurality of sets of relief holes defined within the folding section, and the relief holes of the adjacent flexible layers are staggered with respect to each other;
wherein, when the OLED display panel is in a folded state, a diameter of the relief holes of one of the flexible layers which is located at an inner ring of the folding section is reduced by a compression force so as to buffer the compression force received by the flexible layer; and a diameter of the relief holes of another of the flexible layers which is located at an outer ring of the folding section is enlarged by a tensile force so as to buffer the tensile force received by the flexible layer; and
wherein shapes of the relief holes of each set of the relief holes are selected from the group comprising a point, a rectangle, a diamond, a circle, and combinations thereof; and the adjacent sets of the relief holes in the same flexible layer are staggered with respect to each other.