US Pat. No. 10,990,014

PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT OF EUV PHOTORESIST BY ION IMPLANTATION

Varian Semiconductor Equi...

1. A method of improved patterning of a photoresist layer, comprising:providing an underlayer on a substrate;
performing an ion implantation procedure of an implant species into the underlayer, the implant species comprising an enhanced absorption efficiency at a wavelength in an extreme ultraviolet (EUV) range, the enhanced absorption efficiency being greater than 2×106 cm2/mol, wherein the implant species is implanted into a top region near a top surface of the underlayer;
applying the photoresist layer as a blanket photoresist layer on the underlayer; and
patterning the blanket photoresist layer by exposure to EUV radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,990,004

PHOTODISSOCIATION FRAME WINDOW, SYSTEMS INCLUDING A PHOTODISSOCIATION FRAME WINDOW, AND METHODS OF USING A PHOTODISSOCIATION FRAME WINDOW

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A method for cleaning mesa sidewalls of a template, wherein the template has a pattern area on a first surface of a mesa, the mesa sidewalls surround the mesa, and a recessed surface surrounds the mesa sidewalls, the method comprising:holding the template;
forming a first gap between a photodissociation frame window and the template; and
wherein the photodissociation frame window comprises:
a central region; and
a window region surrounding the central region;
wherein transmittance of photodissociation radiation by the central region is less than the damage threshold; and
wherein transmittance of the photodissociation radiation by the window region is greater than a reaction threshold;
wherein the first gap is bounded by: the mesa sidewalls; the recessed surface; and the window region of the photodissociation frame window;
sending the photodissociation radiation through the window region to expose a portion of the first gap adjacent to the mesa sidewalls to the photodissociation radiation;
wherein material on the mesa sidewalls is removed from the mesa sidewalls by exposing the portion of the first gap adjacent to the mesa sidewalls to the photodissociation radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,989,994

PROJECTOR HAVING A REFRIGERANT GENERATOR

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A projector having a cooling target, comprising:a light source configured to emit light;
a light modulator for modulating light emitted from the light source in accordance with an image signal;
a projection optical device configured to project the light modulated by the light modulator; and
a cooler configured to cool the cooling target based on transformation of a refrigerant into a gas, wherein:
the cooler includes
a refrigerant generator configured to generate the refrigerant, and
a refrigerant sender configured to transmit the refrigerant generated toward the cooling target,
the refrigerant generator includes
a moisture absorption/desorption member which rotates,
a first blower configured to feed air to a part of the moisture absorption/desorption member located in a first area,
a first heat exchanger coupled to the refrigerant sender,
a circulation channel passing through the first heat exchanger and a part of the moisture absorption/desorption member located in a second area different from the first area,
a second blower configured to circulate air in the circulation channel, and
a second heat exchanger at least partially disposed in a part where air passes from the first heat exchanger to the moisture absorption/desorption member in the circulation channel,
the first heat exchanger is cooled to generate the refrigerant from the air flowed into the first heat exchanger,
the second heat exchanger includes
a thermoelectric element having a heat absorption surface and a heat dissipation surface,
a first heat-transfer member thermally coupled to the heat absorption surface, and
a second heat-transfer member thermally coupled to the heat dissipation surface,
the first heat-transfer member cools the air flowing through the circulation channel to generate the refrigerant, and
the second heat-transfer member has a heat dissipation section configured to heat air which was cooled by the first heat-transfer member.

US Pat. No. 10,989,992

ADJUSTING MECHANISM AND PROJECTOR

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An adjusting mechanism for adjusting a position of a display panel, the adjusting mechanism comprising:a first plate including a placing portion on which the display panel is placed;
a second plate on which the first plate is placed, the second plate being disposed on an opposite side of a display panel side with respect to the first plate;
a third plate on which the second plate is placed, the third plate being disposed on an opposite side of a first plate side with respect to the second plate;
a first position adjusting actuator;
a second position adjusting actuator; and
a third position adjusting actuator, wherein:
in a state in which the display panel is placed on the placing portion, a surface parallel to a display surface of the display panel is a reference plane, a coordinate axis orthogonal to the reference plane is a Z axis, two coordinate axes orthogonal to each other in the reference plane are an X axis and a Y axis, a rotating direction around the X axis is a ?x direction, a rotating direction around the Y axis is a ?y direction, and a rotating direction around the Z axis is a ?z direction,
the first position adjusting actuator is configured to move the first plate in a direction along the Z axis, the ?x direction, and the ?y direction,
the second position adjusting actuator is configured to move the second plate in a direction along the X axis and the ?z direction, and
the third position adjusting actuator is configured to move the third plate in a direction along the Y axis.

US Pat. No. 10,989,985

WAVELENGTH CONVERTER

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A wavelength converter comprising:a first layer formed of a single crystal represented by general formula RAMO4; and
a second layer formed of a single crystal represented by the general formula RAMO4 and having a direction of polarization reversed 180° from a direction of polarization of the first layer,
wherein, in the general formula, R represents one or more trivalent elements selected from the group consisting of Sc, In, Y, and a lanthanoid element, A represents one or more trivalent elements selected from the group consisting of Fe(III), Ga, and Al, and M represents one or more divalent elements selected from the group consisting of Mg, Mn, Fe(II), Co, Cu, Zn, and Cd.

US Pat. No. 10,989,983

AMPLIFICATION WAVEGUIDE DEVICE AND AMPLIFICATION BEAM STEERING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An amplification beam steering apparatus comprising:a beam steerer configured to control emission directions of light beams output therefrom;
a plurality of waveguides configured to guide the light beams output from the beam steerer, the plurality of waveguides comprising a plurality of input sections configured to receive the light beams from the beam steerer, and a plurality of switching sections configured to change output directions of the light beams that are received from the plurality of input sections; and
a light amplifier configured to amplify the light beams output from the beam steerer and traveling through the plurality of waveguides,
wherein the plurality of input sections of the plurality of waveguides are disposed to be parallel with each other,
wherein each distance between adjacent switching sections of the plurality of switching sections is wider than each distance between adjacent input sections of the plurality of input sections and becomes wider in a direction from the plurality of input sections to the plurality of switching sections such that the output directions of the light beams are adjusted at various angles, and
wherein the plurality of switching sections are connected to end portions of the plurality of waveguides.

US Pat. No. 10,989,982

SYSTEM, METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR NON-MECHANICAL OPTICAL AND PHOTONIC BEAM STEERING

Exciting Technology, LLC,...

1. A system, comprising:a bulk steering crystal apparatus having:
a first lens face and a second concave face; and
a plurality of steering portions interposed between the first lens face and the second concave face, wherein each of the plurality of steering portions comprises:
a bulk substrate portion comprising an electro-optical material; and
a corresponding high-side electrode electrically coupled to the corresponding one of the plurality of steering portions,
wherein the bulk steering portions comprise an increasing width in at least a steered axis.

US Pat. No. 10,989,976

COMMISSIONING WINDOW NETWORKS

View, Inc., Milpitas, CA...

1. A method of commissioning windows in a building, the method comprising:(a) identifying a plurality of networked devices for commissioning, wherein the plurality of networked devices comprise a first window located in the building, wherein identifying includes, for each of the plurality of networked devices, pairing a network ID with a respective physical location of a respective one of the plurality of networked devices and/or a respective electrical controller of one or more of the plurality of networked devices and pairing includes:
(i) initiating a trigger, wherein the trigger is a test of an individual window or other networked device to determine whether the individual window or the other networked device responds to a command; and
(ii) observing a response to the trigger; and
(iii) determining, from the response, whether the pairing correctly matches the first network ID with the respective physical location of the first window.

US Pat. No. 10,989,973

DISPLAY PANEL AND 3D PRINTING DEVICE

SHANGHAI AVIC OPTO ELECTR...

1. A display panel, comprising:a first substrate, wherein multiple scanning lines and multiple data lines are formed on the first substrate, wherein the multiple scanning lines and the multiple data lines intersect insulatively to define multiple pixel units; and
a second substrate disposed opposite to the first substrate, wherein a black matrix is formed on the second substrate;
wherein multiple supporting columns are arranged between the first substrate and the second substrate;
wherein the black matrix comprises multiple first portions, multiple second portions and multiple third portions, wherein the multiple first portions and the multiple third portions are alternately arranged in a first direction in which the multiple scanning lines extend, wherein the multiple second portions and the multiple third portions are alternately arranged in a second direction in which the multiple data lines extend, and wherein the multiple first portions, the multiple second portions and the multiple third portions are arranged to form a grid structure;
wherein the multiple first portions, the multiple second portions and the multiple third portions form lightproof areas of the black matrix;
wherein meshes of the grid structure are aperture zones of the black matrix, wherein the aperture zones are in one-to-one correspondence with the multiple pixel units;
wherein a perpendicular projection of each of the multiple scanning lines and a perpendicular projection of each of the multiple data lines on the second substrate are located in the lightproof areas of the black matrix; and
wherein a minimum width of each of the multiple first portions is X, a minimum width of each of the multiple second portions is Y, and |X?Y|?2 ?m;
wherein the multiple supporting columns are lightproof; and
wherein a perpendicular projection of each of the multiple supporting columns on the second substrate is located in at least one of the following positions without changing the aperture zones of the black matrix: a perpendicular projection of one of the multiple first portions on the second substrate, a perpendicular projection of one of the multiple second portions on the second substrate, and a perpendicular projection of one of the multiple third portions on the second substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,989,969

DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

HKC Corporation Limited, ...

1. A method of manufacturing a display panel, wherein the display panel comprises a substrate, a plurality of active switches disposed on the substrate and a color filter layer disposed on the active switches, comprising:disposing a composite negative photoresist material layer or a mixed negative photoresist material layer on the color filter layer; and
obtaining a transparent photoresist layer which covers the color filter layer through a photo-masking process,
wherein during obtaining the transparent photoresist layer which covers the color filter layer through the photo-masking process, the method comprises:
forming a photosensitive layer on the composite negative photoresist material layer;
obtaining a pattern of the transparent photoresist layer through the photo-masking process;
obtaining the transparent photoresist layer by etching with an etchant; and
removing residual photosensitive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,989,968

OPTICAL ELEMENT AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Coretronic Corporation, ...

1. An optical element configured to allow an image beam passing through, the optical element comprising a first birefringent layer, a second birefringent layer and a gas layer, whereinthe gas layer has a thickness and is disposed between the first birefringent layer and the second birefringent layer, and is an enclosed space enclosed by a first substrate between the gas layer and the first birefringent layer, a second substrate between the gas layer and the second birefringent layer, and a plurality of supports disposed around the gas layer, and an extension direction of the gas layer is inclined with respect to an extension direction of the optical element by a non-zero angle, wherein the image beam passes through the first birefringent layer, the gas layer and the second birefringent layer in sequence, wherein a first sub image beam and a second sub image beam having different deflection angles are generated from the image beam when the image beam enters the gas layer, and the first sub image beam and the second sub image beam are offset from each other by an offset distance after being emitted from the second birefringent layer.

US Pat. No. 10,989,965

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a TFT substrate and a counter substrate;
a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the TFT substrate and the counter substrate;
a first metal line on the TFT substrate;
a second metal line intersecting with the first metal line;
a thin film transistor connected to the first metal line and the second metal line;
an organic passivation film formed over the first metal line, the second metal line and the thin film transistor;
a pixel electrode connected to the thin film transistor on the organic passivation film;
a counter electrode formed opposite to the pixel electrode with an interlayer insulation film;
a third metal line formed on the counter electrode along the first metal line;
island shaped electrodes formed near the third metal line at an intersection of the first metal line and the second metal line;
a columnar spacer formed on the counter substrate;
a first alignment film covering the third metal line on the TFT substrate; and
a second alignment film covering the columnar spacer on the counter substrate,
wherein the pixel electrode and the counter electrode are transparent,
the counter electrode electrically connected to the third metal line, and
the first alignment film and the second alignment film contact each other at a position of the columnar spacer.

US Pat. No. 10,989,964

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a first substrate including a pixel electrode;
a second substrate facing the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the first substrate and the second substrate;
an aromatic polyimide-based alignment film disposed on at least one of the first substrate and the second substrate; and
a radical generator contained in the liquid crystal layer and/or a sealing member, and capable of supplying a radical to the liquid crystal layer upon being irradiated with light,
the liquid crystal layer containing a liquid crystal compound with an alkenyl group,
the aromatic polyimide-based alignment film containing a copolymer represented by the following formula (A-3) and being in no contact with the pixel electrode:

wherein m is a real number falling within the range of 0

US Pat. No. 10,989,962

MULTIBEAM ELEMENT-BASED BACKLIGHT WITH MICROLENS AND DISPLAY USING SAME

LEIA INC., Menlo Park, C...

1. A multiview backlight comprising:a light guide configured to guide light as guided light;
a multibeam element configured to scatter, from the light guide, a portion of the guided light as a plurality of directional light beams, directional light beams of the directional light beam plurality having different principal angular directions from one another; and
a microlens positioned between the light guide and an array of multiview pixels, the microlens configured to adjust the different principal angular directions of the directional light beams to correspond to respective different view directions of a multiview display.

US Pat. No. 10,989,948

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ACTIVE MATRIX SUBSTRATE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE WITH TOUCH SENSOR

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method for manufacturing an active matrix substrate having a plurality of pixel regions, the active matrix substrate including a thin film transistor associated with each of the plurality of pixel regions, a plurality of electrodes for touchscreen panel function, and a plurality of wiring lines for touchscreen panel function, the plurality of pixel regions including a first pixel region with which a first thin film transistor is associated, the plurality of electrodes for touchscreen panel function including a first electrode which is at least partially located in the first pixel region, the plurality of wiring lines for touchscreen panel function including a first wiring line which is electrically connected to the first electrode, the first wiring line having a multilayer structure including a lower wiring portion and an upper wiring portion which is disposed on the lower wiring portion;the method comprising, in the first pixel region:
(A) a step of forming, on a substrate having a principal face, an oxide semiconductor layer to become an active layer of the first thin film transistor, and a gate electrode which overlaps at least a portion of the oxide semiconductor layer via a gate insulating layer;
(B) a step of forming an insulating layer covering the gate electrode, the gate insulating layer, and the oxide semiconductor layer, and having a source-side aperture through which a portion of the oxide semiconductor layer is exposed and a drain-side aperture through which another portion of the oxide semiconductor layer is exposed, such that, when viewed from a normal direction of the principal face of the substrate, the source-side aperture and the drain-side aperture are located on opposite sides of a region of the oxide semiconductor layer that overlaps the gate electrode;
(C) a step of forming a source electrode on the insulating layer and within the source-side aperture and forming a drain electrode on the insulating layer and within the drain-side aperture, thereby providing the first thin film transistor;
(D) a step of forming an interlayer insulating layer that includes an organic insulating layer, the interlayer insulating layer covering the first thin film transistor and having a first contact hole through which a portion of the drain electrode is exposed;
(E) a step of forming a first transparent electrically conductive film on the interlayer insulating layer and within the first contact hole;
(F) a step of forming by using a metal film, on a portion of the first transparent electrically conductive film, the upper wiring portion of the first wiring line;
(G) a step of patterning the first transparent electrically conductive film to form a pixel electrode which is electrically connected to the drain electrode within the first contact hole, and form the lower wiring portion of the first wiring line;
(H) a step of forming a dielectric layer covering the pixel electrode and the first wiring line and having a second contact hole through which a portion of the first wiring line is exposed;
(I) a step of forming, on the dielectric layer and within the second contact hole, a common electrode which is electrically connected to the first wiring line within the second contact hole, such that the common electrode is capable of functioning as the first electrode, wherein,
when viewed from a normal direction of the principal face of the substrate, a bottom face of the first contact hole at least partially overlaps a bottom face of the drain-side aperture, and a bottom face of the second contact hole at least partially overlaps a bottom face of the source-side aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,989,943

RESIN COMPOSITION AND DISPLAY UNIT

DEXERIALS CORPORATION, T...

1. An image display unit comprising:an image display part;
a light-transmitting protective part arranged on the image display part; and
a cured resin layer arranged between the image display part and the protective part,
wherein:
the protective part has a UV-cutting function to protect the display part against ultraviolet rays,
the cured resin layer is formed from a resin composition that has a cure shrinkage of 5% or less,
the cured resin layer has a transmittance of 90% or higher in a visible range, and a storage modulus at 25° C. of 1×107 Pa or less, and
the resin composition comprises:
at least one acrylate monomer,
a first photopolymerization initiator which can cure in the visible range, and
a second photopolymerization initiator which can cure in an ultraviolet range.

US Pat. No. 10,989,941

DRIVE CIRCUIT BOARD CONNECTION STRUCTURE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

HKC CORPORATION LIMITED, ...

1. A drive circuit board connection structure used in a display device, comprising:a back cover;
a drive circuit board disposed on one side of the back cover; and
a connector connected between the back cover and the drive circuit board, wherein the connector comprises:
a body connected between the back cover and the drive circuit board;
a first connection portion joined to one end of the body and connected to the back cover;
a second connection portion joined to the other end of the body; and
an elastic support portion disposed on the body and located between the back cover and the drive circuit board, wherein the elastic support portion and the second connection portion respectively push against two opposite side surfaces of the drive circuit board,
wherein a first snap is disposed on the first connection portion, a first mounting hole adapted to the first snap is formed on the back cover, the first connecting portion passes through the first mounting hole through the first snap to snap to the back cover, and a second snap is disposed on the second connection portion, a second mounting hole adapted to the second snap is formed on the drive circuit board, and the second connection portion passes through the second mounting hole to snap to the drive circuit board through the second snap,
wherein the second snap comprises:
a guide surface guided the second snap to pass through the second mounting hole; and
a slot provided a deformation margin or cooperating with mounting of the first connecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,989,940

DISPLAY DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A display device, comprising:an electrooptical panel; and
a protection member including a print part in a peripheral region, and disposed to face the electrooptical panel to protect the electrooptical panel, wherein
the protection member includes a first reference mark in the peripheral region,
the electrooptical panel includes a second reference mark in a position corresponding to the first reference mark and is held to have an overlap with the protection member,
the print part includes at least:
a first print layer; and
a second print layer disposed in a position facing the first print layer, and
the first reference mark is made up of a hole having a predetermined shape formed in the second print layer.

US Pat. No. 10,989,938

JIG FOR INSPECTING DISPLAY MODULE

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A jig suitable for inspecting a display module, the display module comprising a display module body and a lug, the jig comprising a bottom plate and a cover plate, the cover plate operatively covering the bottom plate, the bottom plate being provided with a first flat portion and the cover plate being provided with a second flat portion, wherein the jig further comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of a first concave portion provided on the bottom plate and surrounded by the first flat portion and a second concave portion provided on the cover plate and surrounded by the second flat portion, the at least one selected from the group consisting of the first concave portion and the second concave portion form(s) a receiving area for the display module body, and the first flat portion and the second flat portion are configured to clamp the lug.

US Pat. No. 10,989,935

MODULATION PATTERN CALCULATION DEVICE, LIGHT CONTROL DEVICE, MODULATION PATTERN CALCULATION METHOD, MODULATION PATTERN CALCULATION PROGRAM, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A light control apparatus comprising:a modulation pattern calculation apparatus for calculating a modulation pattern presented on a spatial light modulator configured to modulate an intensity spectrum of input light;
a light source configured to output the input light;
a dispersive element configured to spectrally disperse the input light;
the spatial light modulator configured to modulate the intensity spectrum of the input light after the dispersion and output modulated light; and
an optical system configured to focus the modulated light,
wherein the spatial light modulator is configured to present the modulation pattern calculated by the modulation pattern calculation apparatus, and
wherein the modulation pattern calculation apparatus including a storage device having instructions stored thereon, and one or more hardware processors coupled to the storage device, and configured to read instructions from the storage device to cause the modulation pattern calculation apparatus to perform operations comprising:
preparing a waveform function in a frequency domain, the waveform function including an initial intensity spectrum function and an initial phase spectrum function;
performing for at least one iteration the following:
preparing the waveform function in the frequency domain, the waveform function including an intensity spectrum function and a phase spectrum function;
performing a Fourier transform, from the frequency domain to a time domain, on the calculated waveform function to obtain a time domain waveform function including a temporal intensity waveform function;
performing a replacement of the temporal intensity waveform function based on a desired waveform in the time domain;
performing an inverse Fourier transform, from the time domain to the frequency domain, on the time domain waveform function including the replaced temporal intensity waveform function to obtain an updated waveform function including an updated intensity spectrum function and an updated phase spectrum function;
performing, on the updated waveform function, a replacement of the updated phase spectrum function with the initial phase spectrum function in the frequency domain;
obtaining a normalized intensity spectrum function by multiplying the intensity spectrum function of the updated waveform function by a normalization coefficient;
determining a cutoff intensity for each wavelength on the basis of the intensity spectrum of the input light; and
performing, on the normalized intensity spectrum function, a filtering process of cutting a part of the normalize intensity spectrum function exceeding the cutoff intensity for each wavelength, wherein, in performing the filtering process, at a frequency where the normalized intensity spectrum function is larger than the cutoff intensity, a value of the cutoff intensity is taken as the value of the normalized intensity spectrum function, and at a frequency where the normalized intensity spectrum function is equal to or smaller than the cutoff intensity, a value of the normalized intensity spectrum function is taken as the value of the normalized intensity spectrum function; and
calculating, after performing for the at least one iteration, the modulation pattern on the basis of the normalized intensity spectrum function.

US Pat. No. 10,989,929

HEAD-UP DISPLAY APPARATUS

MAXELL, LTD., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A head-up display apparatus displaying a virtual image to be overlapped with scenery in front of a vehicle with respect to a driver by projecting a video image onto a windshield of the vehicle, the head-up display apparatus comprising:a vehicle information acquisition unit configured to acquire various kinds of vehicle information which can be detected by the vehicle;
a controller configured to control display of the video image based on the vehicle information acquired by the vehicle information acquisition unit;
a video image display configured to form the video image based on an instruction from the controller;
a mirror configured to reflect the video image formed by the video image display to project onto the windshield;
a mirror driver configured to change an angle of the mirror based on an instruction from the controller; and
a display distance adjusting mechanism configured to adjust display distances of the virtual image to be different for different display areas on the windshield with respect to the driver,
wherein the controller adjusts the angle of the mirror via the mirror driver based on the vehicle information such that the virtual image can be displayed with respect to the driver to be overlapped with the scenery,
wherein the vehicle information includes brightness of an outside of the vehicle and information on a running road, and
wherein the controller adjusts a display position of the virtual image based on a maximum display distance set by the information so as to display such that the virtual image is fitted to and overlapped with a focus which the driver sees.

US Pat. No. 10,989,927

IMAGE FRAME SYNCHRONIZATION IN A NEAR EYE DISPLAY

FACEBOOK TECHNOLOGIES, LL...

1. A head mounted display (HMD) comprising:a display module for providing image light;
an optics block configured to receive the image light from the display module and to provide a virtual image carried by the image light, the optics block having a plurality of focal states each corresponding to a different focal plane of the displayed virtual image;
a varifocal module configured to selectably switch the optics block between different focal states of the plurality of focal states; and
a controller configured to:
receive a frame of video data for displaying by the HMD, the frame including pixel data encoded in a first pixel of the frame, the pixel data being indicative of one of the plurality of focal states of the optics block; and, prior to displaying the frame using the HMD:
read the pixel data; and
use the varifocal module to set the optics block to the focal state indicated by the pixel data.

US Pat. No. 10,989,925

LIGHT FLUX DIAMETER EXPANDING ELEMENT AND IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A light flux diameter expanding element comprising:a first light guiding plate with a thickness of 0.2 mm to 0.8 mm;
a first input diffraction grating provided on the first light guiding plate; and
a first output diffraction grating provided on the first light guiding plate, and provided so as to have an identical grating period as that of the first input diffraction grating, wherein:
the first input diffraction grating is smaller than the first output diffraction grating,
the first input diffraction grating diffracts a light into a first diffracted light and a second diffracted light, the first diffracted light is propagated toward a first direction, the second diffracted light is propagated toward a second direction that is opposite to the first direction,
the first output diffraction grating diffracts both the first diffracted light and the second diffracted light, and
a grating period of the first input diffraction grating is a period in which a small diffraction angle in diffraction angles of the first diffracted light and the second diffracted light, in the first light guiding plate becomes larger than a critical angle of the first light guiding plate.

US Pat. No. 10,989,924

HEAD-MOUNTED ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

16. An electronic device comprising:a housing including a head mounting unit;
a camera included inside the housing and arranged to have a first field of view in a first optical axis direction, wherein the camera is disposed to be inclined at a first angle with respect to a line perpendicular to a front-surface direction of the electronic device;
a lens positioned outside the housing and inclined at a second angle within a specified range with respect to the perpendicular line, which is greater than the first angle; and
a light output device included inside the housing to output light to at least a portion of the lens.

US Pat. No. 10,989,920

OPTICAL SYSTEM

1. An optical system for forming a two- or three-dimensional image, comprising:a projection device for optically transmitting image information to a user;
an eye detecting device; and
an imaging device for imaging the image information of the projection device for the perception by the user,
whereby, the imaging device comprises two or more optical hologram sets, wherein
at least one of the optical hologram sets is an angle-amplifying optical hologram set and comprises at least two holograms arranged to provide angular amplification,
at least one of the optical hologram sets is angle-amplifying-neutral, and wherein
at least one of the optical hologram sets is at least partially transmitting and/or at least partially reflecting,
wherein by means of the projection device,
at least one virtual point light source is generated or
a plurality of virtual point light sources are generated such that they form at least one optical wavefront,
wherein the at least one virtual point light source or the plurality of virtual point light sources can each be generated by superimposing at least two coherent light waves in a region of the angle-amplifying optical hologram set,
wherein by means of the optical hologram sets, the at least one virtual point light source or the at least one optical wavefront is configured to be imaged directly onto a retina of an eye of the user, and
wherein the respective movements of eyes of the user can be detected by means of the eye detection device, and the eye detection device cooperates with the projection device in such a way that the amount of image information is adapted according to a respective eye direction and/or eye position in different perception regions of the respective eye.

US Pat. No. 10,989,918

OPTICAL SCANNER, IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE, HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY, AND HEADS-UP DISPLAY

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An optical scanner comprising:a movable plate that includes a light reflecting portion and a projection portion;
a frame body portion that surrounds the movable plate in a plan view from a thickness direction of the movable plate;
a first axis portion that connects the movable plate and the frame body portion and oscillatably supports the movable plate around a first oscillation axis;
a second axis portion that oscillatably supports the frame body portion around a second oscillation axis that intersects the first oscillation axis; and
a permanent magnet disposed in the frame body portion,
wherein
in the plan view, the projection portion is disposed in a first region overlapping the light reflecting portion and the first oscillation axis,
in the plan view, the permanent magnet is disposed in a second region overlapping the light reflecting portion, the second region is different from the first region and does not overlap the first region, and
a thickness of the projection portion is larger than a thickness of the first axis portion in the thickness direction.

US Pat. No. 10,989,917

POLARIZATION ROTATOR FOR HEAD-UP DISPLAY

Panasonic Automotive Syst...

1. A head up display arrangement for a motor vehicle, comprising:a head up display module including:
a picture generation unit configured to emit a light field; and
a plurality of linear polarizers arranged in a stack, a first of the linear polarizers being configured to receive the light field from the picture generation unit, a last of the linear polarizers being configured to emit the light field, the linear polarizers being configured to change a linear polarization direction of the light field, wherein each pair of adjacent said linear polarizers has a respective gap between the pair of adjacent said linear polarizers, each said gap being filled with optically transparent material, and the optically transparent material matches an index of refraction of adjacent said linear polarizers; and
a windshield configured to reflect the light field from the last linear polarizer such that the reflected light field is visible to a human driver of the motor vehicle as a virtual image.

US Pat. No. 10,989,915

EXPANDING A PUPIL USING REPLICATION

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a beam splitter configured to receive light from an optic and to produce split light having a replicated pupil of a pupil formed by the optic; and
a waveguide optically coupled to the beam splitter, the waveguide configured to receive the split light from the beam splitter and expand the replicated pupil.

US Pat. No. 10,989,913

MICROMECHANICAL COMPONENT AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A MICROMECHANICAL COMPONENT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A micromechanical component, comprising:a mounting support;
at least one coil winding held by at least one coil brace, the at least one coil winding including conductor tracks made of at least one electrically conductive material, at least one first subsection of the at least one coil winding being anchored on the at least one coil brace; and
an adjustable part, the at least one coil brace and the adjustable part being connected to one another and via at least one spring element to the mounting support in such a way that the adjustable part is adjustable in relation to the mounting support about at least one axis of rotation;
wherein, while the at least one first subsection of the at least one coil winding is anchored on the associated coil brace, at least one second subsection of the same coil winding spans as cantilever subsection at least one gap formed in the at least one coil brace.

US Pat. No. 10,989,909

METHOD FOR PROVIDING AN OVERVIEW IMAGE

Carl Zeiss Microscopy Gmb...

1. Method for providing an overview image of an object that is arranged in a sample plane, comprising the steps:step A: generating a light sheet, wherein the light sheet is generated along a first optical axis and at least partially on the sample plane,
step B: capturing detection light, coming from the sample plane, along a second optical axis, wherein the first optical axis and the second optical axis intersect in the sample plane and together enclose a right angle, and the first optical axis and the second optical axis each enclose an angle which differs from zero with a reference axis that is orthogonal to the sample plane,
step C: imaging the captured detection light by means of a detector in a detection plane in the form of image data of at least one captured image, wherein the captured image extends in an image plane that is inclined with respect to the sample plane,
step D: capturing a number of images of at least one region of the object by moving the light sheet in the sample plane in a relative movement of the light sheet and the object, wherein the captured images are inclined with respect to the sample plane and form an inclined stack,
step E: transforming the inclined stack to a normalized Z-stack, in which image data of the captured images are assigned with correct orientation with respect to the reference axis, and
step F: performing a maximum intensity projection in the normalized Z-stack, wherein all image points which are located one behind the other along the second optical axis, or along axes which are parallel thereto, are evaluated with respect to their respective intensity and the image point having the highest intensity is selected along each axis, and
a resulting overview image is generated by way of each of the selected image points being imaged as a virtual projection into a projection plane that is parallel to the image plane of the detector.

US Pat. No. 10,989,908

AUTOMATED WORKFLOWS BASED ON AN IDENTIFICATION OF CALIBRATION SAMPLES

CARL ZEISS MICROSCOPY GMB...

1. A computer-implemented method for calibrating a microscope system, the method comprising:recording an overview image of a sample stage of the microscope system;
identifying a calibration sample in the recorded overview image;
classifying, using a classification system trained using training data, the calibration sample in the recorded overview image into one of a plurality of calibration sample classes in order to form a model so that the classification system is adapted to classify unknown input data into prediction classes; and
selecting a calibration workflow for calibrating the microscope system based on the classified calibration sample class, wherein the selection is performed using a workflow indicator value serving as an input value for a calibration system.

US Pat. No. 10,989,903

MODULAR SCANNING CONFOCAL OPTICAL PROFILE MICROSCOPY WITH DIGITAL IMAGING PROCESSING

Washington State Universi...

1. A modular confocal microscope, comprising:a source of electromagnetic radiation;
a beam steering means arranged to direct the source of electromagnetic radiation non-collinearly with the optical axis of a focusing lensing means configured within the modular confocal microscope, wherein the focused non-collinearly directed source of electromagnetic radiation is used for an imaging basis of targeted one or more sites of a specimen; and
at least one arrayed detector configured along a beam path in a conjugate confocal plane to the targeted one or more sites of a specimen and further configured to provide autocorrection information to maintain focus and image quality of the targeted one or more sites using the imaging basis, and wherein the arrayed detector provides high-throughput configured synthetic apertures in a pixel range array of at least an N=2×2 array; and
a processor coupled to the at least one arrayed detector configured to determine 2-dimensional and/or 3-dimensional properties of the targeted one or more sites of the specimen.

US Pat. No. 10,989,902

CAMERA LENS

AAC Optics (Changzhou) Co...

1. A camera lens, configured with, sequentially from an object side: a 1st lens having a positive refractive power, a 2nd lens having a negative refractive power, a 3rd lens having a negative refractive power, a 4th lens having a positive refractive power, a 5th lens having a negative refractive power, a 6th lens having a positive refractive power, a 7th lens having a positive refractive power and an 8th lens having a negative refractive power, and satisfying conditional formulas (1), (2) and (4) below:35.00?v1?v2?50.00  (1);
35.00?v1?v3?50.00  (2);
?8.00?f2/f??5.00  (4)
where,
v1: Abbe number of the 1st lens L1;
v2: Abbe number of the 2nd lens L2;
v3: Abbe number of the 3rd lens L3;
f: a focal length of the overall camera lens;
f2: a focal length of the 2nd lens.

US Pat. No. 10,989,901

OPTICAL IMAGING SYSTEM

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. An optical imaging system comprising:a first lens, a second lens, a third lens, a fourth lens, a fifth lens, and a sixth lens sequentially disposed on an optical axis from an object side toward an image side,
wherein a distance from an object-side surface of the first lens to an imaging plane of an image sensor is TTL, an overall focal length of an optical system including the first to sixth lenses is F, and TTL/F?0.83,
wherein an optical axis distance between the second lens and the third lens is D23, an optical axis distance between the third lens and the fourth lens is D34, and 2.2 wherein a focal length of the first lens is f1 and 0.3

US Pat. No. 10,989,897

OPTICAL ELEMENT FOR THE BEAM GUIDANCE OF IMAGING LIGHT IN PROJECTION LITHOGRAPHY

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. An optical element, comprising:a main body;
an optical surface supported by the main body; and
a coupling unit supported by the main body,
wherein:
the coupling unit is configured to attach a compensation weight element to the main body to compensate a figure deformation of the optical surface and so that a positioning of the compensation weight element, relative to the main body in the three degrees of translation, is better than 250 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,989,895

LENS DRIVING MECHANISM

TDK TAIWAN CORP., Yangme...

1. A driving module, comprising:a sensor module;
a holder assembly corresponding to the sensor module for holding an optical element having an optical axis, wherein the holder assembly comprises a first surface facing the sensor module, the first surface is perpendicular to the optical axis, and the first surface overlaps at least a portion of the sensor module when viewed along the optical axis; and
at least three positioning components disposed between the sensor module and the holder assembly, wherein the positioning components extend in a direction that is parallel to the optical axis, and the first surface overlaps at least a portion of the positioning components when viewed along the optical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,989,892

LENS MODULE

AAC Optics Solutions Pte....

1. A lens module, comprising:a lens barrel;
a lens disposed at an object side of the lens barrel; and
a fixing part for pressing the lens against the lens barrel from an object side of the lens,
wherein the fixing part comprises an inner wall surface enclosing a receiving space, the lens and an end of the lens barrel close to the object side being received in the receiving space,
the inner wall surface comprises an abutting portion abutting against the lens and a non-abutting portion spaced apart from the lens, and glue is filled between the abutting portion and the lens.

US Pat. No. 10,989,891

OPTICAL LENS

AAC Optics Solutions Pte....

1. An optical lens, comprising:an optical portion located at a central position; and
a peripheral portion surrounding the optical portion, the peripheral portion comprising: a first surrounding portion connected to the optical portion and surrounding the optical portion, and a second surrounding portion surrounding the first surrounding portion and having a lens cutting surface;
wherein a thickness of the first surrounding portion in a direction of an optical axis of the optical lens is greater than a thickness of the second surrounding portion in the direction of the optical axis of the optical lens, and the lens cutting surface extends from an object-side surface of the second surrounding portion to an image-side surface of the second surrounding portion along the direction of the optical axis;
wherein the first surrounding portion comprises a first surface extending from an edge of the optical portion facing away from the optical axis along a direction facing away from and perpendicular to the optical axis, and a second surface extending from an edge of the first surface facing away from the optical axis to the second surrounding portion along a direction facing away from the optical axis; the first surface and the second surface are located at one side of the optical lens, and the second surrounding portion comprises a third surface extending from an edge of the second surface facing away from the optical axis along a direction facing away from and perpendicular to the optical axis;
wherein the first surrounding portion further comprises a fourth surface located at another side of the optical lens and extending from an edge of the optical portion facing away from the optical axis along a direction facing away from and perpendicular to the optical axis, and a fifth surface extending from an edge of the fourth surface facing away from the optical portion along a direction facing away from and perpendicular to the optical axis;
wherein the second surrounding portion further comprises an outer periphery of the optical lens extending from an edge of the fifth surface facing away from the optical axis to the third surface;
wherein the outer periphery comprises a first peripheral surface extending from the fifth surface along a direction parallel to the optical axis, and a second peripheral surface extending from an edge of the first peripheral surface facing away from the fifth surface to the third surface along a direction facing toward the optical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,989,887

PHOTONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUIT PACKAGE AND METHOD OF FORMING THE SAME

Agency for Science, Techn...

1. A method of forming a photonic: integrated circuit package, the method comprising:forming a redistribution layer over a carrier;
forming a through hole or cavity on the redistribution layer;
providing a stop-ring structure, the stop-ring structure comprising a ring of suitable material, the stop-ring structure defining a hollow space, over the redistribution layer so that the hollow space is over the through hole or cavity;
arranging a photonic integrated circuit die over the redistribution layer so that the photonic integrated circuit die is on the stop-ring structure;
forming a molded package by forming a mold structure to at least partially cover the photonic integrated circuit die to form the photonic integrated circuit package; and
dicing the molded package to form the photonic integrated circuit package;
wherein dicing the molded package comprises dicing the photonic integrated circuit die and the stop-ring structure.

US Pat. No. 10,989,882

OPTICAL CONNECTOR

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTR...

1. An optical connector comprising:a plurality of first optical fibers; and
a first ferrule including one end face and a plurality of through holes each having an opening on the one end face, the first ferrule holding a part of a tip part of each of the first optical fibers by a corresponding one of the through holes with end faces of the first optical fibers protruding from the one end face, wherein
a maximum curvature R [1/mm] of the end face of each of the first optical fibers and a variation amount ?h [?m] of a protrusion amount h of each of the first optical fibers protruding from the one end face of the first ferrule satisfy a relationship of (?h/3.5)2+(R/0.2)2<1, the protrusion amount h defined along a central axis of each of the first optical fibers,
each of the first optical fibers includes a multicore optical fiber having a plurality of cores and a single cladding surrounding each of the cores, and
in a cross section of the multicore optical fiber, the cores are disposed surrounding a center of the cross section in a state in which a shortest distance from the center of the cross section to a center of each of the cores is 5 ?m or more, the cross section being perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the multicore optical fiber.

US Pat. No. 10,989,879

THERMALLY COMPENSATED FIBER INTERFEROMETER ASSEMBLY

Nikon Metrology NV, Leuv...

1. A fiber assembly, comprising:a first optical fiber defining a first optical path length, the first optical fiber having a first effective thermal path coefficient;
a second optical fiber having a second optical path length, the second optical fiber having a second effective thermal path coefficient, wherein the first optical path length is different than the second optical path length, wherein each of the first and second optical fibers defines a respective optical path length and the combination of the first optical fiber and the second optical fiber defines a thermally compensated optical path difference;
an optical beam divider situated to couple a first beam portion and a second beam portion of an optical beam to the first optical fiber and the second optical fiber, respectively; and
an optical beam combiner situated to receive the first beam portion and the second beam portion from the first optical fiber and the second optical fiber, respectively, and direct the combined beams to an output optical fiber, and
wherein the first optical fiber has a first length and a first buffer coating extends along the first length and the second optical fiber has a second length and a second buffer coating that is different from the first buffer coating extends along the second length, and the first and second effective thermal path coefficients are based at least in part on the first and second buffer coatings.

US Pat. No. 10,989,878

MULTI-WAVELENGTH OPTICAL SIGNAL SPLITTING

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A system to receive a multi-wavelength optical signal and an electrical signal, wherein the multi-wavelength optical signal comprises a plurality of optical wavelengths and has a power level, the system comprising:a first splitter to split the plurality of optical wavelengths into a plurality of optical wavelength groups, wherein the plurality of optical wavelength groups are fewer than the plurality of optical wavelengths;
a second splitter to split the multi-wavelength optical signal or the plurality of optical wavelength groups into a plurality of lower power signal groups, each of the lower power signal groups having a lower power level than the power level of the multi-wavelength optical signals; and
a modulator to encode the electrical signal into the plurality of optical wavelength groups, the plurality of lower power signal groups, or a combination thereof;
wherein each of the plurality of optical wavelength groups split by the first splitter are transmitted as separate signals on a transmitter side corresponding to a first networking switch, each of the plurality of lower power signal groups split by the second splitter are transmitted as separate signals on the transmitter side corresponding to the first networking switch, or the combination thereof is transmitted as separate signals on the transmitter side corresponding to the first networking switch, and wherein each of the transmitted separate signals are received via a respective optical fiber connected to a respective receiving mechanism of a receiver side corresponding to a second networking switch, and further wherein the receiving mechanism comprises an optical demultiplexer (DEMUX).

US Pat. No. 10,989,876

OPTICAL FIBER COUPLER HAVING HYBRID TAPERED WAVEGUIDE SEGMENTS AND METAMATERIAL SEGMENTS

GlobalFoundries U.S. Inc....

1. An optical coupler structure comprising:a waveguide in a first insulator and comprising waveguide metamaterial segments separated from one another and aligned along a first line;
a second insulator on the first insulator and the waveguide metamaterial segments; and
a coupler structure in the second insulator and comprising coupler metamaterial segments separated from one another and aligned along a second line,
wherein the first line and the second line are parallel and within a plane,
wherein a portion of the waveguide overlaps a portion of the coupler structure,
wherein the waveguide metamaterial segments intersect the plane and have first widths in a direction perpendicular to the plane, and the first widths have a first taper along the first line, and
wherein the coupler metamaterial segments intersect the plane and have second widths in the direction perpendicular to the plane, and the second widths have a second taper along the second line that is different from the first taper of the first widths.

US Pat. No. 10,989,872

WAVEGUIDE BENDS WITH MODE CONFINEMENT

GLOBALFOUNDRIES U.S. INC....

1. A structure comprising:a first dielectric layer;
a waveguide core positioned on the first dielectric layer;
a waveguide bend positioned on the first dielectric layer, the waveguide bend connected to the waveguide core, and the waveguide bend having a first side surface; and
a slab layer positioned on the first dielectric layer, the slab layer directly connected to a lowermost portion of the waveguide core and a lowermost portion of the waveguide bend, the slab layer being thinner than the waveguide bend, the slab layer including a first curved opening, a second curved opening positioned between the first curved opening and the first side surface of the waveguide bend, and a first section positioned between the first curved opening and the second curved opening, the first curved opening having a first radius, and the second curved opening having a second radius that is greater than or less than the first radius of the first curved opening.

US Pat. No. 10,989,870

TRANSMITTER OPTICAL SUBASSEMBLY WITH HERMETICALLY-SEALED LIGHT ENGINE AND EXTERNAL ARRAYED WAVEGUIDE GRATING

Applied Optoelectronics, ...

1. A transmitter optical subassembly (TOSA) module comprising:a hermetically-sealed light engine with a housing that defines a hermetic-sealed cavity and a plurality of laser devices for emitting a plurality of associated channel wavelengths disposed within the hermetic-sealed cavity, wherein the housing further includes a thermoelectric cooler (TEC) sub-mount disposed within the hermetic-sealed cavity, and wherein the plurality of laser devices are mounted to the TEC sub-mount;
a multiplexing device disposed externally from the hermetic-sealed cavity and optically coupled to the hermetically-sealed light engine to receive the plurality of associated wavelengths and output a multiplexed signal base;
a substrate defined by first and second surfaces disposed opposite each other, the substrate including an electrical coupling region for electrically coupling with a transmit connecting circuit and a light engine interface region for electrically coupling with the hermetically-sealed light engine;
a light engine driving circuit disposed on the substrate to provide a radio frequency (RF) signal and a power signal to drive the hermetically-sealed light engine to output one or more channel wavelengths; and
wherein the substrate includes at least a first trace disposed on the first surface to provide the power signal and at least a second trace disposed on the second surface to provide the RF signal, the first and second traces being disposed in an opposing arrangement to provide electrical isolation to reduce electrical interference between the power signal and the RF signal.

US Pat. No. 10,989,863

SLIM WAVEGUIDE COUPLING APPARATUS AND METHOD

OREE ADVANCED ILLUMINATIO...

1. An illumination structure comprising:a waveguide having (i) an out-coupling region for emitting light from the waveguide, and (ii) a cavity extending through a thickness of the waveguide;
one or more discrete light sources positioned to emit light into the cavity;
a mirror positioned above and/or within the cavity above the one or more discrete light sources; and
a phosphor layer positioned to convert a wavelength of light emitted by at least one of the one or more discrete light sources to a different wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,989,862

ILLUMINATING DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. An illuminating device comprising:a base frame comprising a bottom wall, and sidewalls standing along sides of the bottom wall,
a lightguide plate inside the base frame and comprising a curved emitting surface, and an incidence surface opposed to one of the sidewalls;
a printed circuit board facing the incidence surface; and
a plurality of light sources which are mounted on the printed circuit board and emit light to the incidence surface, wherein
the bottom wall is flat,
the incidence surface includes a side edge curved along the curved emitting surface,
the printed circuit board includes a first side and a second side opposed to the first side,
the first side is curved along the side edge, and
the second side is flat along the bottom wall.

US Pat. No. 10,989,860

BACKLIGHT MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Beijing BOE Optoelectroni...

1. A backlight module comprising:a back plate comprising a back plate body and a first bending structure perpendicular to the back plate body; and
a light source;
wherein on a side at which the light source is disposed, the back plate further comprises a second bending structure connected to the first bending structure and extending in a same direction as the back plate body; and
wherein the second bending structure comprises a plurality of spaced protrusion portions, a depressed portion between adjacent protrusion portions configured to accommodate a light emitting portion of the light source; and
the backlight module further comprises a first light-shielding tape disposed on an opposite side of the light source; the first light-shielding tape comprises a first strip-shaped body and a plurality of spaced protrusions extending from the first strip-shaped body; and the first strip-shaped body and the protrusions are perpendicular to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,989,856

FIBER OPTIC SHELVING SYSTEM

1. A fiber optic shelving system comprising:a shelf including a plurality of holes on a surface of the shelf;
a plurality of fiber optic filaments, each of the plurality of fiber optic filaments having a first end and a second end, and each first end being coupled to a different one of the plurality of holes;
a first camera configured to capture an image of the terminal surfaces of the second ends of the plurality of fiber optic filaments;
a second camera configured to capture an image of a side of one or more products on the shelf;
one or more processors communicatively coupled to the first camera and the second camera;
one or more memory components communicatively coupled to the one or more processors; and
machine readable instructions stored in the one or more memory components that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the fiber optic shelving system to:
identify, among the plurality of holes, a set of holes that are blocked from light based on the captured image of terminal surfaces of the second ends of the plurality of fiber optic filaments; and
determine a number of products on the shelf based on the identified set of holes blocked from light and the captured image of the side of one or more products on the shelf.

US Pat. No. 10,989,853

POLARIZING PLATE WITH OPTICAL COMPENSATION LAYER AND ORGANIC EL PANEL USING SAME

NITTO DENKO CORPORATION, ...

1. A polarizing plate with optical compensation layers, comprising:a polarizer;
a first optical compensation layer;
a second optical compensation layer; and
a third optical compensation layer,
wherein each of the first optical compensation layer, the second optical compensation layer, and the third optical compensation layer shows a refractive index characteristic of nx>nz>ny,
the polarizing plate with optical compensation layers is used for an organic EL panel,
the second optical compensation layer has an Re(550) between 210 nm to 270 nm and an Nz coefficient between 0.3 to 0.7, and an angle formed by an absorption axis of the polarizer and a slow axis of the second optical compensation layer is from 5° to 25°, from 65° to 85°, from 95° to 115°, or from 155° to 175°, and
the first optical compensation layer has an Re(550) between 230 nm to 310 nm and an Nz coefficient between 0.1 to 0.4, and an absorption axis of the polarizer and a slow axis of the first optical compensation layer are substantially perpendicular to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,989,852

WIRE GRID POLARIZATION ELEMENT HAVING GRADUALLY CHANGING PROPORTIONS OF ELEMENTS, LIQUID CRYSTAL APPARATUS, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A wire grid polarization element comprising:a substrate; and
a wire including a reflection section including a light reflective material, and an absorption section including a light absorptive material and provided on an opposite side of the reflection section from the substrate, wherein
the reflection section includes at least one element of oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon and an element included in the substrate, and
a first mixture portion is provided between a first portion at an edge on the substrate side of the reflection section and a second portion on an opposite side of the reflection section from the substrate, and in the first mixture portion a proportion of the at least one element of oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon and a proportion of an element included in the substrate gradually decrease and a proportion of an element of the light reflective material gradually increases from the first portion to the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,989,849

OPTICAL LAMINATE

FUJIFILM CORPORATION, To...

1. An optical laminate comprising:a wavelength selective reflective element which is provided with a reflection layer selectively reflecting light in a specific reflection wavelength region; and
an absolute phase adjustment layer which is provided on at least one surface side of the wavelength selective reflective element and has optical isotropy, and in which a first region having a first optical thickness and a second region having a second optical thickness different from the first optical thickness are arranged in a pattern with a diffraction grating-like period, and
wherein the optical laminate reflects light in the specific reflection wavelength region by the wavelength selective reflective element, of light incident from the absolute phase adjustment layer side, and
light which enters the first region and is reflected by the wavelength selective reflective element and light which enters the second region and is reflected by the wavelength selective reflective element interfere with each other,
wherein in the wavelength selective reflective element, two or more reflection layers having different reflection wavelength regions are arranged in a pattern with a larger period than the period, and
wherein interface between the reflective element and the absolute phase adjustment layer is flat, the interface covers the first and the second optical thicknesses.

US Pat. No. 10,989,838

WEATHER-DRIVEN MULTI-CATEGORY INFRASTRUCTURE IMPACT FORECASTING

Utopus Insights, Inc., V...

1. A computer implemented method of managing resources based on weather-related damage in a service area, the method comprising:selecting trouble regions within a geographic service area;
assigning trouble regions to different clustered regions based on similarity of weather and weather-related damage, each of the clustered regions including at least one of the trouble regions within the geographic service area and each of the trouble regions within the geographic service area being associated with one of the clustered regions, if two or more trouble regions are assigned to a clustered region of the clustered regions, then the two or more trouble regions being similar in weather and weather-related damage;
for each clustered region of the clustered regions, training a plurality of trouble forecast models, each of the plurality of trouble forecast models being for a different particular type of damage, the training for each of the plurality of trouble forecast models including:
using training data from each trouble region within the particular clustered region, the training data including a trouble count for the particular type of damage; and
applying a scaling factor to the training data associated with each trouble region for the particular type of damage, the scaling factor being greater if the trouble count of the particular type of damage in that particular trouble region is greater than the trouble count of the particular type of damage in other trouble regions within the clustered Particular region;
applying the trouble forecast model for each trouble region within the geographic service area for the particular type of damage;
determining a trouble forecast for the geographic service area for the particular type of damage based on the trouble forecast for each of the trouble regions within the geographic service area; and
determining a job forecast for the geographic service area based on the trouble forecast for the geographic service area, wherein the managing resources is based on the job forecast for the geographic service area.

US Pat. No. 10,989,835

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR CALCULATING AND EVALUATING VALUE OF INFORMATION FOR RESERVOIR FLUID MODELS DERIVED FROM DFA TOOL DATA

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method for preparing for a hydrocarbon-recovery operation based at least in part on a derived value of a hydrocarbon-bearing reservoir fluid model, the method comprising:obtaining a first reservoir fluid sample from a reservoir using a single station sampling methodology at a single sampling station;
performing fluid analysis at the surface on the first reservoir fluid sample to obtain a first set of one or more fluid properties;
obtaining a plurality of second fluid samples of reservoir fluid using a downhole fluid analysis tool, wherein the plurality of second fluid samples are obtained from multiple locations within the reservoir, and wherein in situ downhole fluid analysis is performed on the plurality of second fluid samples to obtain a second set of one or more fluid properties; and
using a processor to:
i) determine a first fluid model that describes properties of the reservoir as a function of location within the reservoir, wherein determining the first fluid model comprises extrapolating the first set of one or more fluid properties of the first reservoir fluid sample to generate a first fluid model that characterizes the properties of the reservoir as a function of depth;
ii) determine a second fluid model that describes the properties of the reservoir as a function of location within the reservoir, wherein determining the second fluid model comprises extrapolating the second set of one or more fluid properties obtained from the analysis of the plurality of second fluid samples to generate a second fluid model that characterizes the properties of the reservoir as a function of depth;
iii) simulate a first production of reservoir fluids from the reservoir using a reservoir simulator configured with the first fluid model of and a set of control variables, and calculate at least one first net present value (NPV1) of the first production of the reservoir fluids simulated by the reservoir simulator;
iv) derive optimal values for the set of control variables of iii) by maximizing a first objective function associated with the first fluid model;
v) simulate a second production of the reservoir fluids from the reservoir using the reservoir simulator configured with the second fluid model and the optimal values of the set of control variables as derived in iv), and calculate at least one second net present value (NPVC) of the second production of the reservoir fluids simulated by the reservoir simulator; and
vi) output information that characterizes value of the second fluid model based at least in part on the at least one second NPVC and calculations involving a second objective function associated with the second fluid model.

US Pat. No. 10,989,829

METHOD FOR OPERATING A MULTI-FREQUENCY METAL DETECTOR AND MULTI-FREQUENCY METAL DETECTOR

Mettler-Toledo Safeline L...

12. A device for detecting metal in an object being inspected, comprising:a drive coil that produces an electromagnetic field in the object;
at least one detection coil, arranged to detect fluctuations in the electromagnetic field, caused by metallic particles present in the object being inspected;
a multi-frequency transmitter unit, comprising:
a drive controller, provided with a memory unit that stores a set of operating instructions and data for at least one pulse modulated (“PXM”) signal (sPXM) that corresponds to a pre-determined waveform; and
a converter having a plurality of drive switches driven by the drive controller according to the set of operating instructions such that the drive switches alternately conduct a drive current (iD) through the drive coil to generate the electromagnetic field which exhibits at least two different frequency components (fD1, fD2) based on the pre-determined waveform.

US Pat. No. 10,989,825

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING SOURCE SIGNATURES AFTER SOURCE GHOST REMOVAL

PGS Geophysical AS, Oslo...

1. A system for mapping the earth's geology, comprising:a seismic source comprising a plurality of seismic sub-sources disposed in a body of water at a plurality of depths and activated with different time delays,
seismic sensors disposed in the body of water to detect seismic energy reflected from the earth's subsurface in response to seismic signals generated by the seismic source and record the seismic energy as seismic data in a memory storage device; and
a programmable computer used to perform at least the following:
determining far-field signatures for the plurality of seismic sub-sources at each of the plurality of depths;
determining a composite ghost-free far-field signature of the seismic source from the far-field signatures for the plurality of seismic sub-sources at each of the plurality of depths and different time delays; and
removing a source response from the seismic data using the composite ghost-free far-field signature of the seismic source.

US Pat. No. 10,989,824

DEPTH-DEPENDENT MUD DENSITY DETERMINATION AND PROCESSING FOR HORIZONTAL SHEAR SLOWNESS IN VERTICAL TRANSVERSE ISOTROPY ENVIRONMENT USING FULL-WAVEFORM SONIC DATA

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. An acoustic logging method that comprises:acquiring waveforms for multiple acoustic wave modes as a function of tool position in a borehole;
deriving position-dependent mode for dispersion curves from the waveforms;
accessing a computed library of the dispersion curves for a vertical shear slowness (s) and a Thomsen gamma (?) of a given acoustic wave mode as a function of frequency;
interpolating the dispersion curves in the computed library to an assumed known compressional wave slowness, a borehole radius, a formation density, a mud density, and a mud slowness;
computing an adaptive weight; and
inverting dispersion curve modes jointly for a shear wave anisotropy, a vertical shear wave slowness, an inverted mud slowness, and an inverted mud density as a function of a depth of the borehole.

US Pat. No. 10,989,815

METHOD FOR POSITIONING UNDERWATER OBJECTS AND SYSTEM FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION THEREOF

1. A method for positioning underwater objects, comprising:receiving satellite signals by first receivers disposed on a plurality of sonar buoys, the sonar buoys being unanchored and free floating on a surface of water,
determining coordinates of the sonar buoys by first computation modules of the sonar buoys,
transmitting geographical coordinates and identification data of the sonar buoys in the form of sonar signals emitted by transmitters of the sonar buoys, wherein all the transmitters of the sonar signals are installed at a same depth,
receiving the sonar signals with the aid of a second receiver of the sonar signals, the second receiver being disposed on an underwater object, and
determining geographical coordinates of the underwater object by a second computation module of the underwater object according to a time delay of receipt of the sonar signals from the sonar buoys, the location of which is known,the method further comprising:encoding the signals emitted from each of the sonar buoys as periodic signals tethered to GPS/GLONASS clocks,
decoding the signals received from the sonar buoys, wherein the decoding comprises isolating direct signals from the sonar buoys from reflected signals,
constantly updating, by the sonar buoys, the respective current geographical coordinates of the sonar buoys, and cyclically transmitting in the encoded periodic signals tethered to GPS/GLONASS clocks the respective geographical coordinates of the sonar buoys via the respective transmitters of sonar signals to the second receiver, and
determining, by the second computation module of the second receiver, the geographical coordinates of the underwater object by the time delay of arrival of the sonar signals from the unanchored free floating sonar buoys having constantly updated geographical coordinates.

US Pat. No. 10,989,812

FOUNDATION ENGINEERING APPARATUS AND FOUNDATION ENGINEERING METHOD

BAUER Spezialtiefbau GmbH...

1. A foundation engineering apparatus for producing a foundation element in a ground, comprising:a carrier device,
a ground working tool which works the ground at a ground working location to produce borehole or a cut trench as a ground recess which can be filled with a suitable material during a sinking or after completion of producing the foundation element, and
at least one GPS-unit which is arranged on the carrier device and designed to determine a position of the working location,
wherein the at least one GPS-unit is arranged at a distance to the ground working location,
wherein a measuring means is provided on the carrier device in addition to the at least one GPS-unit, and the measuring device is arranged at another distance to the ground working location, wherein
the measuring means is designed to determine a distance between the at least one GPS-unit and the ground working tool with a distance measurement of the measuring means to the ground working tool,
the measuring means having a fan laser.

US Pat. No. 10,989,811

IMAGE SENSING USING ATOMIC VAPOR CELL ASSEMBLIES

Honeywell International I...

1. A device comprising:an atomic vapor cell assembly containing a plurality of atoms associated with a plurality of pixel locations;
one or more readout laser sources that emit one or more readout lasers that illuminate the plurality of atoms;
one or more pump laser sources that illuminate the plurality of atoms with one or more pump lasers to prepare one or more atoms in the plurality of atoms that are in a dark ground state, wherein an atom in the dark ground state is not coupled to the one or more readout lasers; and
one or more targeting laser sources that emit one or more targeting lasers towards a target, wherein a portion of the one or more targeting lasers reflected by the target that is incident upon the one or more atoms causes the one or more atoms to transition to a bright ground state;
wherein the one or more atoms in the bright ground state are coupled to the one or more readout lasers and emit one or more readout photons.

US Pat. No. 10,989,810

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR BEAMFORMING USING VARIABLE SAMPLING

DALHOUSIE UNIVERSITY, Ha...

1. A method of performing ultrasound beamforming, the method comprising:transmitting a beamformed transmit pulse from an array of ultrasound elements along a selected A-line;
receiving, with the array of ultrasound elements, received ultrasound signals;
triggering sampling of the received ultrasound signals, for each ultrasound element, to obtain sampled signals at a plurality of sample times, each sampled signal corresponding to a respective pixel location along the selected A-line, wherein a first sample time along the selected A-line for a given ultrasound element, relative to its respective transmit time, is determined by calculating a round-trip time-of-flight delay between the given ultrasound element and a first pixel location on the selected A-line, and wherein successive samples, corresponding to successive pixel locations along the selected A-line, are obtained such that adjacent samples are spaced by a time interval corresponding to n?/4, where n is odd and ? is a wavelength of the beamformed transmit pulse, and such that the time interval between adjacent samples is sufficiently small, relative to a pulse envelope of the beamformed transmit pulse, to facilitate demodulation of the ultrasound signals;
for each pixel, combining the sampled signals from the array of ultrasound elements to obtain a beamformed sampled signal; and
processing the beamformed sampled signals to generate a waveform associated with the selected A-line, wherein for each pixel, a respective quadrature value is obtained from the beamformed sampled signal associated with an adjacent pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,989,809

SINGLE SCATTERER TEST USING AMPLITUDE AND A PLURALITY OF RECEIVE ELEMENTS

Aptiv Technologies Limite...

1. A vehicle-based method of determining if a radar backscatterer return of a target object originates from a single scattering center, said vehicle including a radar system including a radar transmit element, adapted to send a radar signal towards said target object, and an antenna receive array comprising a plurality M of a receive elements, providing a corresponding plurality of N radar receive channels, and adapted to receive radar signals reflected from said target object, said method comprising:a) transmitting a radar signal from said radar transmit element to said target object;
b) receiving the reflected signal of the signal transmitted in step a) from the target object at said plurality of receiver elements;
c) for each antenna element or channel, processing the received signal to provide amplitude or power data in the frequency domain;
d) with respect to the data in step c), for each receive element/channel, determining the frequency with the maximum amplitude or power;
e) determining the degree of variability of the results of step d) with respect to each receive element/channel;
f) determining if the degree of variability from step e) is above or below a threshold, and determining either that the target object is a single scatterer if the degree of variability is below said threshold or that the target object is a non-single scatterer if the variation is above said threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,989,808

METHOD, DEVICE AND STORAGE MEDIUM FOR EXTRACTING HEIGHT AND DEFORMATION INFORMATION OF HIGH VOLTAGE TRANSMISSION TOWER BY USING SAR TOMOGRAPHY

UNIVERSITY OF ELECTRONIC ...

1. A device for extracting height and deformation information of a high voltage transmission tower by using SAR tomography, comprising:a processor; and
a storage means for storing processor executable instructions,
wherein, the processor is configured to perform:
a step of obtaining a series of SAR images and data parameters of the SAR images, wherein a spaceborne satellite is used to observe a high voltage transmission tower at different time and from different route locations, so as to obtain the series of SAR images and the data parameters of the SAR images;
an image pre-processing step, wherein one of the obtained series of SAR images is taken as a primary image and the others are registered with the primary image, such that same pixels in the series of images correspond to same ground objects, and same pixels corresponding to a position on the high voltage transmission tower of the registered series of images are selected, then observation data corresponding to the pixels is dechirped and phase compensated to obtain observation data of the pixels which is to be used for SAR tomographic reconstruction;
a discretization step, wherein the obtained observation data is discretized to obtain an observation data set;
a resampling step, wherein a resampling method based on singular value decomposition is used to resample the discretized observation data, obtaining a new resampled observation data set;
a step of estimating a number of scattering points, wherein Akaike information criterion is used to estimate the number of scattering points in the resampled observation data set, so as to obtain the number of scattering points in the pixels; and
a step of reconstructing a complex scattering function and extracting height and deformation rate information, wherein a minimum L1 norm algorithm based on compressed sensing is used to process the resampled observation data set, by using the number of the scattering points, to reconstruct the complex scattering function, and the height and deformation rate information at the position of the high voltage transmission tower corresponding to the pixels are extracted.

US Pat. No. 10,989,807

AUTONOMOUS AIRBORNE VEHICLE CONTROLLED BY MILLIMETER WAVE RADAR

The Government of the Uni...

1. An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), comprising:a millimeter-wave (MMW) radar configured to send a MMW radar signal and to receive corresponding MMW radar returns; and
an autonomous controller configured to:
determine, based on the MMW radar returns, a distance between the UAV and a detected object,
determine, based on the MMW radar returns, an angle between the UAV and the detected object, and
instruct, based on the distance and the angle, the UAV to maintain a predetermined distance between the UAV and the detected object.

US Pat. No. 10,989,802

ALTIMETER WITH HIGH-RESOLUTION RADAR

Honeywell International I...

1. A system configured to be mounted on a vehicle, the system comprising:one or more phased-array radar devices configured to:
transmit first radar signals;
receive first returned radar signals;
transmit second radar signals; and
receive second returned radar signals; and
processing circuitry configured to:
detect an object based on the first returned radar signals;
determine one or more receive beams based on the second returned radar signals;
steer the one or more receive beams by at least applying complex weighting to the one or more receive beams; and
determine an estimated altitude of the vehicle above a ground surface based on the second returned radar signals by steering a receive beam towards the ground surface.

US Pat. No. 10,989,798

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SELECTING POWER STATES IN AN ULTRASOUND IMAGING SYSTEM

FUJIFILM SONOSITE, INC., ...

1. An ultrasound imaging system comprising:a transducer configured to deliver an ultrasound energy to a subject and to detect echo signals from the subject; and
a processor coupled to the transducer that is configured to operate the imaging system in a normal operating state and two or more lesser power states that consume less power than the normal operating state;
wherein the processor is configured to operate the imaging system in at least one of the two or more lesser power states that uses one or more of a reduced transmit power, a lower frame rate or a lower pulse repetition frequency compared to the normal operating state upon transition from a power off state to the normal operating state.

US Pat. No. 10,989,796

LIDAR RANGING METHOD, DEVICE, COMPUTER APPARATUS AND STORAGE MEDIUM

SUTENG INNOVATION TECHNOL...

1. A lidar ranging method, comprising:calling a sequencer to generate a preset sequence with the sequencer;
determining a pulse transmission interval between successive pairs of double pulses according to the preset sequence and a preset value;
transmitting a signal to an object to be ranged according to the pulse transmission interval between the successive pairs of the double pulses;
receiving, from the object to be ranged, a reflected signal returned according to the transmitted signal;
extracting a valid echo signal from the reflected signal; and
calculating a distance from the object to be ranged according to a time difference between the valid reflected signal and the transmitted signal,
wherein said determining the pulse transmission interval between the successive pairs of double pulses according to the preset sequence and a preset value comprises:
calculating a frequency hopping sequence corresponding to the preset sequence according to the preset sequence and the preset value;
dividing a time range of the successive pairs of the double pulses into a plurality of transmission time intervals according to the preset sequence; and
selecting the pulse transmission interval between the successive pairs of the double pulses from the plurality of transmission time intervals according to the frequency hopping sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,989,791

DEVICE, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR TRACKING AN OBJECT USING RADAR DATA AND IMAGER DATA

1. A system for tracking a movement of an object, comprising:a radar device having a first field of view, the radar device generating radar data corresponding to a range indicating a distance of a moving object within the first field of view from the radar device;
an imager having a second field of view at least partially overlapping the first field of view in an overlap field of view, the imager generating imager data measuring, as the object moves through the second field of view, angular positions of the object relative to the imager in at least one dimension; and
a processor combining the imager data and the radar data to identify a track of the object in at least two dimensions as the object moves through the overlap field of view, all of the angular positions of the object being determined using only data from the imager.

US Pat. No. 10,989,789

METHOD SYSTEM AND DEVICE FOR OBTAINING LOCATION INFORMATION USING NEIGHBOR AWARENESS NETWORKING, NAN

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method for obtaining a location using neighbor awareness networking, NAN, wherein the method comprises:requesting the location of a target NAN device;
determining a cluster of wireless NAN devices comprising the target NAN device as well as at least two anchor NAN devices having predetermined locations to serve as positioning nodes;
performing range measurements using the travel times of radio signals between the target NAN device and each of the at least two anchor NAN devices; and
receiving messages including range measurement information of the range measurements from NAN devices of the cluster at a location center, wherein the location center obtains the location of the target NAN device using the range measurement information.

US Pat. No. 10,989,784

BEACON-BASED ASSET LOCATION AND MANAGEMENT

THOUGHTWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A system comprising:a plurality of nodes configured to:
receive beacon transmissions from a plurality of beacons, wherein the beacons are associated with a plurality of assets and the beacon transmissions contain a beacon identifier; and
transmit a node transmission including a beacon identifier, node identifier, and signal strength responsive to receiving a beacon transmission; and
a gateway configured to:
receive a plurality of node transmissions from the plurality of nodes;
identify a subset of the node transmissions that include a common beacon identifier; and
determine a location of a beacon of the plurality of beacons associated with the common beacon identifier by:
extracting a plurality of node identifiers associated with the subset of the node transmissions;
identifying one or more floors associated with the plurality of node identifiers;
selecting a beacon floor of the one or more floors with the most associated node identifiers;
selecting a closest node identifier with the largest signal strength from among one or more of the plurality of node identifiers associated with the beacon floor; and
determining the location of the beacon as a location associated with the node of the plurality of nodes identified by the closest node identifier, wherein determining the location of the beacon includes generating a beacon location tree that subdivides the plurality of node identifiers according to one or more floor identifiers associated with the plurality of node identifiers.

US Pat. No. 10,989,780

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SYSTEM AND RECEIVING COIL UNIT

Canon Medical Systems Cor...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging system comprising a magnetic resonance imaging apparatus and a receiving coil unit,the magnetic resonance imaging apparatus comprising:
control circuitry configured to generate a first clock signal; and
first transmitting circuitry configured to transmit an RF pulse based on the first clock signal,
the receiving coil unit comprising:
clock generating circuitry configured to generate a second clock signal;
at least one receiving coil configured to receive a magnetic resonance signal based on the RF pulse;
first conversion circuitry configured to sample the magnetic resonance signal in accordance with the second clock signal;
shift information generation circuitry configured to generate shift information by directly calculating a difference between the first clock signal and the second clock signal; and
shift correction circuitry configured to correct the sampled magnetic resonance signal by using the shift information.

US Pat. No. 10,989,777

GRADIENT SYSTEM WITH CONTROLLED COOLING IN THE INDIVIDUAL GRADIENT CHANNELS

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A gradient coil system for a magnetic resonance imaging(MRI) system, the gradient coil system comprising:a plurality of gradient coils for applying a gradient magnetic field to a target volume;
the gradient coil system having gradient channels, each channel having associated a gradient coil and current supply for supplying the gradient coil with electrical current to generate a gradient magnetic field in the direction the channel is associated with,
at least one coolant tube per gradient coil for cooling the gradient coil, the coolant tubes being connected to respective flow control devices; the flow control devices being provided with individual gradient channels so as to independently control the flow of coolant for the respective gradient channels and
a controller coupled to the coolant tubes configured to control each flow control device of the flow control devices for adjusting the flow of a coolant in the respective coolant tube, wherein the controller is configured to control the flow control device on the basis of heat load caused by the respective gradient coil.

US Pat. No. 10,989,775

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS FOR SUPPLYING POWER TO GRADIENT COILS

Canon Medical Systems Cor...

2. A magnetic resonance imaging apparatus, comprising:an X-axis gradient coil;
a Y-axis gradient coil;
a Z-axis gradient coil;
a power supplier configured to supply a first current, a second current, and a third current supply respectively to three amplifiers that are coupled to the X-axis gradient coil, the Y-axis gradient coil, and the Z-axis gradient coil;
a measurement device configured to measure a first voltage corresponding to the first current, a second voltage corresponding to the second current, and a third voltage corresponding to the third current;
processing circuitry configured to:
generate a first voltage comparison result by comparing the first voltage with a threshold voltage,
generate a second voltage comparison result by comparing the second voltage with the threshold voltage,
generate a third voltage comparison result by comparing the third voltage with the threshold voltage,
generate a first gradient comparison result by comparing a value representing a temporal change of the first voltage with a threshold gradient value representing a gradient per unit of time,
generate a second gradient comparison result by comparing a value representing a temporal change of the second voltage with the threshold gradient value, and
generate a third gradient comparison result by comparing a value representing a temporal change of the third voltage with the threshold gradient value; and
a memory configured to store a look-up table that associates first combinations of the six comparison results with second combinations of a first ratio, a second ratio, and a third ratio, wherein the first ratio represents a ratio of the first current to a sum of the first current, the second current, and the third current, the second ratio represents a ratio of the second current to the sum, and the third ratio represents a ratio of the third current to the sum,
wherein the processing circuitry is further configured to:
determine a second combination based on the look-up table and a first combination of the first voltage comparison result, the second voltage comparison result, the third voltage comparison result, the first gradient comparison result, the second gradient comparison result, and the third gradient comparison result that have been generated, and
control the power supplier by using the determined second combination.

US Pat. No. 10,989,774

RETRACTABLE MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI) MAGNET FIELD ASSEMBLY FOR AN EQUINE MRI SYSTEM

Sigwa Company, LLC, Acto...

1. A vertically retractable magnet assembly for a Magnetic Imaging Resonance (MRI) system, wherein the magnet assembly is capable of moving from an upward raised position for imaging to a downward retracted position to allow a subject to move safely, the assembly comprising:a magnet configured with a bore for receiving a body portion of the subject, the bore defining an inner surface of the magnet and extending along a longitudinal axis of the magnet, the magnet comprising at least one flux generating element disposed within the magnet and oriented such that each of the at least one flux generating element surrounds the bore, wherein, each of the at least one flux generating element is configured to generate a magnetic field for magnetizing the body portion positioned within the bore to generate a visual representation of an anatomy of the body portion, and wherein the magnet is coupled to a positioning system, the positioning system configured to adjust position of the magnet in at least a coordinate axis between a first position and a second position; and
at least one sensor unit communicably coupled to the positioning system, the at least one sensor unit configured to monitor position of the body portion, wherein the positioning system is configured to operate between the first position and the second position based on readings monitored by each of the at least one sensor unit.

US Pat. No. 10,989,772

TEM RESONATOR-TYPE RF ANTENNA DEVICE FOR A MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING SYSTEM

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A transverse electromagnetic mode radio frequency antenna device for a magnetic resonance imaging system wherein the magnetic imaging system comprises an examination space with a substantially static main magnetic field that defines an axial direction of the examination space wherein the axial direction is described using cylindrical coordinates, the transverse electromagnetic mode radio frequency antenna device comprising:a plurality of rungs made from an electrically conductive material;
a cylindrical radio frequency (RF) screen disposed around the plurality of rungs;
wherein each rung of the plurality of rungs has at least one axial member that in an operational state is substantially arranged parallel to the axial direction;
wherein the axial members of the plurality of rungs are arranged along an azimuthal direction in a substantially equally spaced relationship about a center axis;
wherein the at least one axial member of each of the rungs has two end regions;
wherein for at least two rungs of the plurality of rungs that are adjacently arranged with regard to the azimuthal direction, each rung comprising:
at least one transversal member with regard to the axial member that is galvanically connected to one of the end regions of the axial member of that rung only; and
a capacitor connecting the at least one transversal member to the RF screen; and
wherein in the operational state, the at least one transversal members of the adjacent rungs are substantially arranged such that there exists at least one location on each of the transversal members of the two rungs that at least have substantially identical azimuthal coordinates.

US Pat. No. 10,989,771

METHOD FOR TRIGGERED ACQUISITION OF A MEASURED DATA SET BY A MAGNETIC RESONANCE SYSTEM, COMPUTER PROGRAM, DATA MEMORY, AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE SYSTEM

Siemens Healthcare GmbH, ...

1. A method for triggered acquisition of a measured data set of a target object in a plurality of single measurements by a magnetic resonance system, the method comprising:detecting a cyclical signal that describes a cyclical change in at least part of the target object;
automatically identifying cycles of the cyclical signal;
automatically determining a mean duration Lm of the identified cycles of the cyclical signal;
specifying a reference duration TRprot as a reference value;
determining a smallest whole number n?1, so an n-multiple of the determined mean duration Lm is longer than the specified reference duration TRprot;
automatically determining whether, in an identified cycle of the cyclical signal, triggering of one measurement of the single measurements is permitted, as a function of the mean duration Lm of the cyclical signal and a specified reference value of an acquisition parameter; and
permitting the triggering of the single measurements only in each nth cycle of the cyclical signal.

US Pat. No. 10,989,767

MAGNETIC FLUX SOURCE SYSTEM

NORTHROP GRUMMAN SYSTEMS ...

1. A tunable current element comprising:a first magnetic flux component that is configured to exhibit a bias flux in response to a first control current, the bias flux decreasing relative energy barriers between discrete energy states of the tunable current element; and
a second magnetic flux component that is configured to exhibit a control flux in response to a second control current, the control flux changing a potential energy of the discrete energy states of the tunable current element to set an energy state of the tunable current element to one of the discrete energy states, such that the magnetic flux component is configured to generate a hysteretic current that provides a magnetic flux at an amplitude corresponding to the energy state of the tunable current element.

US Pat. No. 10,989,761

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING THE STATE OF HEALTH OF A BATTERY

RENAULT s.a.s., Boulogne...

1. A method for calibrating a battery allowing calibration data linked to a state of health of the battery to be memorized, comprising:determining at least one characteristic state of the battery, intermediate between fully charged and fully discharged, by:
measuring an open-circuit voltage while charging or discharging the battery,
after the measuring the open-circuit voltage, calculating a derivative of the open-circuit voltage, and
detecting a peak in a variation of the derivative of the open-circuit voltage;
defining a reference state of the battery based on the characteristic state; and
measuring the open-circuit voltages of the battery in the reference state for multiple different states of health and memorizing the calibration data comprising at least some pairs of actual state of health/open-circuit voltage values in an electronic memory.

US Pat. No. 10,989,760

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMPEDANCE TESTING DC POWER SOURCES

BLOOM ENERGY CORPORATION,...

1. A system of, comprising:a direct current (“DC”) bus;
a first DC power source other than a fuel cell electrically connected via a first input connection to a first DC converter, wherein the first DC converter is connected via a first output connection to the DC bus;
at least one second DC power source other than a fuel cell electrically connected via at least one second input connection to at least one second DC converter, wherein the at least one second DC converter is connected via at least one second output connection to the DC bus and wherein the first output connection and the at least one second output connection connect the first DC converter and the at least one second DC converter to the DC bus in parallel; and
a processor connected to the first DC converter and the at least one second DC converter, wherein the processor is configured with processor-executable instructions to perform operations comprising:
selecting a test waveform to inject onto the first input connection from the first DC converter to the first DC power source other than a fuel cell;
determining a first resulting ripple on the first output connection that will be generated in response to injecting the test waveform onto the first input connection;
determining at least one offset waveform to inject onto the at least one second input connection from the at least one second DC converter to the at least one second DC power source other than a fuel cell such that one or more second ripples which will be provided to the at least one second output connection to cancel the first resulting ripple;
controlling the first DC converter to inject the test waveform onto the first input connection; and
controlling the at least one second DC converter to inject the at least one offset waveform onto the at least one second input connection;
wherein at least one of the first DC power source other than a fuel cell and the at least one second DC power source other than a fuel cell each comprises at least one battery;
wherein the processor is configured with processor-executable instructions to perform operations further comprising:
controlling the first DC converter to monitor an impedance response of the first DC power source other than a fuel cell using impedance spectroscopy (“EIS”) in response to the injected test waveform;
determining a characteristic of the first DC power source other than a fuel cell based at least in part on the impedance response of the first DC power source other than a fuel cell; and
adjusting a setting of the first DC power source other than a fuel cell based on the determined characteristic;
wherein:
the determined characteristic is one of a battery capacity, a battery state of charge (SoC), a battery state of health (SoH), and an overall battery lifetime; and
adjusting a setting of the first DC power source other than a fuel cell comprises adjusting a charging state of the first DC power source other than a fuel cell.

US Pat. No. 10,989,759

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CORRECTING STATE OF CHARGE

CONTEMPORARY AMPEREX TECH...

1. A method for correcting a state of charge, comprising:determining an operating state of a battery cell, wherein the operating state comprises a discharging state;
acquiring a current open circuit voltage of the battery cell;
acquiring a current accumulative charging capacity and a current accumulative discharging capacity of the battery cell; and
using, as a corrected state of charge of the battery cell, a state of charge corresponding to the current open circuit voltage in a discharging open circuit voltage curve with an initial state of charge being 100% when the current accumulative charging capacity is less than a maximum allowed accumulative charging capacity corresponding to the current open circuit voltage, and the current accumulative discharging capacity is greater than a minimum required accumulative discharging capacity corresponding to the current open circuit voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,989,758

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TEMPORAL SIGNAL MEASUREMENT OF DEVICE UNDER TEST (DUT) AND METHOD OF FORMING SYSTEM

AEM SINGAPORE PTE. LTD., ...

1. A measurement system for temporal signal measurement of a device under test (DUT), the measurement system comprising:a reference clock synthesizer configured to generate a master reference clock signal;
a transmitter unit connected to the reference clock synthesizer and configured to connect to a first end of the device under test (DUT);
a measurement control system connected to the transmitter unit, the measurement control system configured to control the transmitter unit to generate a test signal pattern based on a first reference clock signal derived from the master reference clock signal, and to generate a signal for passing through the device under test (DUT) based on the test signal pattern; and
a receiver unit connected to the reference clock synthesizer and configured to connect to a second end of the device under test (DUT), and the receiver unit configured to detect the signal that passes through the device under test (DUT) and further configured to generate a digital signal based on the signal detected and a second reference clock signal derived from the master reference clock signal;
wherein the measurement control system is connected to the receiver unit; and
wherein the measurement control system is further configured to provide an output signal comprising measurement results based on the digital signal.

US Pat. No. 10,989,752

DISTANCE PROTECTION USING TRAVELING WAVES IN AN ELECTRIC POWER DELIVERY SYSTEM

Schweitzer Engineering La...

1. A system to detect a fault in an electric power delivery system, comprising:a data acquisition system to acquire a plurality of electric power delivery system signals from a first location of an electric power transmission line;
a traveling wave system in communication with the data acquisition system to:
detect a single instance of a traveling wave based on the plurality of electric power delivery system signals from the data acquisition system;
analyze the traveling wave using a first mode to determine a first mode arrival time of the traveling wave;
analyze the traveling wave using a second mode to determine a second mode arrival time of the traveling wave;
calculate a time difference between the first mode arrival time and the second mode arrival time;
a fault location system in communication with the traveling wave system to:
receive the time difference from the traveling wave system; calculate a location of the fault based on the time difference; and
a protection action module to implement a protective action based on the location of the fault.

US Pat. No. 10,989,750

SYSTEM FOR LOCATING FAULT IN POWER DISTRIBUTION NETWORK BASED ON MIXED MODE WAVE RECORDING

InHand Networks Inc., Fa...

1. An electrical system for fault location in a distribution network having monitoring devices, with at least one device configured to:determine common electrical waveform for each monitoring point based on wide area synchronization devices; based on the common electrical waveform, sequentially piece together the waveform over the monitoring points as synchronized data;
preprocess the synchronized data from each monitoring point into high frequency component sequence and low frequency component sequence;
construct deep neural network circuitry model to include the multi-convolution layer, long and short term memory network unit groups of data block input; and further through machine training, obtain plurality of data block input deep neural network models; and finally choose an optimal model;
thereafter, feed into this optimal model electrical waveform data from the monitoring points, which includes the high frequency component sequence and the low frequency component sequence, to obtain relative positioning relationship between each monitoring point and the fault location;
wherein the deep neural network model is a multi-component data block input deep neural network model contains high frequency and low frequency data block input; and wherein the high frequency data block is input into multi-layer network Module I, and the low frequency data block is input into multi-layer network Module II;
wherein the multi-layer network Module I includes multi-convolution layers and a full connection layer between convolutions layers; and wherein the multi-layer network Module II includes multi-convolution layers and a full connection layer between convolutions layers;
wherein the multi-layer network Module I further includes a convolution block, and an average pooling layer;
wherein the multi-layer network Module I output is superimposed with the output from the multi-layer network Module II based on weight factor, before being input into a shared Long and Short Term Memory (LSTM) cell, where the timing sequence is used to connect between the multiple LSTM cells through multiple computation channels.

US Pat. No. 10,989,749

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTION AND IDENTIFICATION OF COUNTERFEIT AND SUBSTANDARD ELECTRONICS

NOKOMIS, INC., Charleroi...

1. An apparatus for detecting a condition of one or more electronic devices, the apparatus comprising:a signal output module including:
a power source configured to provide a power signal;
a modulation source configured to modulate at least one of the power signal from the power source and a ground signal to provide at least one of a modulated power signal and a modulated ground signal,
an interface and bias board, said interface and bias board being coupled to each of the modulation source and the power source, said interface and bias board configured to connect at least one of the modulated power signal and the modulated ground signal, as outputs, to a fixture receiving the one or more electronic devices,
a clock source configured to provide a clock signal, and
a bias tee that is coupled to the clock source and to the power source, the bias tee biases the clock signal and connects, as an output, a biased clock signal to the fixture;
a receiver, the receiver configured to receive the emission of electromagnetic energy from the one or more electronic devices, the emission being captured at an antenna, the one or more electronic devices being disposed in the fixture, the one or more electronic devices being connected, through the fixture, to the at least one of the modulated power signal and the modulated ground signal and the biased clock signal; and
a processing device configured to detect the condition of the one or more electronic devices based on a signature of the emission of electromagnetic energy received at the receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,989,745

POWER METER WITH FIXED SEGMENT INTERACTIVE MENU

Honeywell International I...

1. A power meter, comprising:a plurality of first terminals for receiving a measure of current of each of one or more phases of power that is delivered to a load;
a plurality of second terminals for receiving a measure of voltage of each of one or more phases of power that is delivered to the load;
a user interface that includes:
a first region of a display including three or more lines of alphanumeric information, where each of the three or more lines of alphanumeric information of the first region include two or more alphanumeric characters with “M” elongated fixed segment display segments allocated to each of the two or more alphanumeric characters;
a second region of the display including three or more lines of alphanumeric information, where each of the three or more lines of alphanumeric information of the second region include two or more alphanumeric characters with “N” elongated fixed segment display segments allocated to each of the two or more alphanumeric characters, and wherein M is greater than N;
two or more buttons;
a controller operatively coupled to the plurality of first terminals, the plurality of second terminals, and the user interface, the controller configured to determine a number of power monitor parameters based on the measure of current of each of one or more phases of power that is delivered to the load and/or the measure of voltage of each of one or more phases of power that is delivered to the load; and
the controller further configured to provide an interactive menu including two or more menu screens displayed on the fixed segment display of the user interface, wherein one or more of the buttons is used to navigate between the two or more menu screens of the interactive menu.

US Pat. No. 10,989,743

POWER-DEMAND-VALUE CALCULATING SYSTEM, POWER-DEMAND-VALUE CALCULATING METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM RECORDING POWER-DEMAND-VALUE CALCULATING PROGRAM

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A power-demand-value calculating system comprising:a storage device configured to store data of combinations of temperatures and power result values; and
an arithmetic device configured to:
create a power demand and temperature correlation chart based on the data of the combinations;
make groups by dividing the power demand and temperature correlation chart with a specific temperature range;
calculate a regression formula for the one of the groups according to a regression analysis based on the data of the combinations;
select data with temperatures equal to or higher than a predetermined temperature from the storage device;
calculate, when the power result values corresponding to one of the temperatures of the selected data is smaller than a power calculation value which is calculated from the regression formula and the one of the temperatures of the selected data, a maximum power demand value based on the one of the temperatures of the selected data and the regression formula; and
determine, when the power result value corresponding to the one of the temperatures of the selected data is equal to or greater than the power calculation value, the power result value as the maximum power demand value.

US Pat. No. 10,989,740

CLOSED-LOOP CURRENT TRANSDUCER

LEM International SA, Pl...

1. A closed-loop current transducer comprising a magnetic circuit core to conduct magnetic flux and concentrate a magnetic field, a circuit board, a magnetic field detector connected to the circuit board and positioned in a magnetic circuit gap of the magnetic circuit core, and a compensation coil assembly comprising a compensation coil and a compensation coil support comprising at least one coil support bobbin, a connection end flange at one end of the coil support bobbin and a second flange at a second end of the coil support bobbin, the compensation coil being wound around the coil support bobbin between the connection end flange and the second flange, the magnetic circuit core comprising a first longitudinal branch, a second longitudinal branch, and first and second end branches interconnecting the first longitudinal branch and the second longitudinal branch such that the first longitudinal branch and the second longitudinal branch surround a central opening configured to receive one or more primary conductors therethrough, the magnetic circuit core being formed of first and second parts assembled together from opposed ends of the compensation coil support, wherein the circuit board is mounted against the connection end flange and the first part of the magnetic circuit core comprises the first end branch and is assembled from an outer face of the circuit board relative to the connection end flange such that the first end branch is positioned adjacent and against said outer face of the circuit board, the circuit board comprising orifices through which portions of the first longitudinal branch and the second longitudinal branch extend through the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,989,736

CANTILEVER-FREE SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPY

TRUSTEES OF BOSTON UNIVER...

1. A system, comprising:a probe assembly, including
a rigid substrate,
a compliant layer provided on the rigid substrate,
one or more rigid probes coupled to at least a portion of a top surface of the compliant layer, and
a reflective layer covering portions of the top surface of the compliant layer,
a camera configured to generate image data from the probe assembly;
a memory storing machine-readable instructions; and
a control system including one or more processors configured to execute the machine-readable instructions to:
receive the generated image data; and
develop a topographical image of a surface of a sample based at least in part on the received image data generated by the camera.

US Pat. No. 10,989,734

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:an acquisition unit configured to obtain a first value obtained by measurement in a first measurement unit and a second value obtained by measurement in a second measurement unit whose dynamic range regarding measurement is a second dynamic range different from a first dynamic range of the first measurement unit; and
a detection unit configured to detect abnormality of the first value or the second value based on a change in a correlation between the first value and the second value,
wherein the detection unit detects the abnormality when one of the first value or the second value is within a vicinity of a respective predetermined value after the change in the correlation,
wherein the respective predetermined value comprises an upper limit or a lower limit of a respective one of the first dynamic range or the second dynamic range,
wherein the change in the correlation is determined between the correlation before a generated shock is applied to the first measurement unit and the second measurement unit and the correlation after an end of the shock,
wherein the end of the shock used to determine the change in correlation is based on an elapse of a predetermined amount of time from generation of the shock, and
wherein the acquisition unit and the detection unit are each implemented via at least one processor.

US Pat. No. 10,989,732

WIRELESS PIEZOELECTRIC ACCELEROMETER AND SYSTEM

AGENCY FOR SCIENCE, TECHN...

1. A wireless piezoelectric accelerometer, comprising:a piezoelectric sensing element configured to sense mechanical acceleration and produce an electrical charge signal in response of the sensed mechanical acceleration;
a signal processing module (SPM) configured to convert the electrical charge signal into a voltage signal, and process and digitize the voltage signal, wherein the SPM comprises a primary SPM and a secondary SPM, and wherein the primary SPM comprises an amplifier circuit, and wherein the secondary SPM comprises an analog to digital converter (ADC) and a microcontroller (MCU); and
a wireless module configured to modulate and transmit the digitized voltage signal as wireless signals, wherein the piezoelectric sensing element, the SPM and the wireless module are packaged in a casing, and wherein the casing comprises an electromagnetic shielding chamber configured to enclose the piezoelectric sensing element and the primary SPM separate from the secondary SPM and the wireless module to shield the piezoelectric sensing element from electromagnetic interference; and wherein the casing further comprises a non-metallic portion located in relation to the wireless module so as to allow transmission of the wireless signals through the casing.

US Pat. No. 10,989,731

PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A physical quantity sensor, comprising:a weight or a movable electrode formed on a device substrate; and
an outer peripheral portion disposed so as to surround the weight or the movable electrode,
wherein the weight or the movable electrode is displaceable in a rotation direction on a plane, and a rotational space is disposed in an outer peripheral portion of an end portion of the weight or the movable electrode as viewed from a center position of the weight or the movable electrode when the weight or the movable electrode displaces in rotation direction on the plane,
wherein the weight or the movable electrode formed on the device substrate is supported by a fixed substrate at one point,
the weight or movable electrode comprises corner regions and edge regions;
the plane comprises a first direction and a second direction perpendicular to the first direction;
the first direction and the second direction are each parallel to outer sides of the weight or the movable electrode;
a first gap, in the first direction and in one of the edge regions, between the weight or movable electrode and a fixed electrode disposed in the outer peripheral portion in parallel with the end portion, a line passing through the first gap in the first direction passes through a center position of the weight or movable electrode;
a second gap, in the first direction and in one of the corner regions, between the weight or movable electrode and the fixed electrode; and
the second gap is larger than the first gap.

US Pat. No. 10,989,729

PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR DEVICE, AND INCLINOMETER, INERTIA MEASUREMENT DEVICE, STRUCTURE MONITORING DEVICE, AND MOVING OBJECT USING PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR DEVICE

Seiko Epson Corporation

1. A physical quantity sensor device comprising:a physical quantity sensor; and
a storage,
wherein the storage stores,
when a temperature at which an absolute value of an error between an actual frequency temperature characteristic measured by using the physical quantity sensor and a primary frequency temperature characteristic approximated to the actual frequency temperature characteristic over an entire operating temperature range by a single approximate polynomial using a predetermined constant becomes a maximum value is set as a first boundary temperature,
a first constant used as a constant of each term in the approximate polynomial to obtain a first secondary frequency temperature characteristic approximated to the actual frequency temperature characteristic, in a first temperature region less than the first boundary temperature, and
a second constant used as a constant of each term in the approximate polynomial to obtain a second secondary frequency temperature characteristic approximated to the actual frequency temperature characteristic, in a second temperature region equal to or greater than the first boundary temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,989,725

METHOD OF OPERATING A LABORATORY SAMPLE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM, LABORATORY SAMPLE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM, AND LABORATORY AUTOMATION SYSTEM

Roche Diagnostics Operati...

1. A method of operating a laboratory sample distribution system, wherein the laboratory sample distribution system comprises a plurality of sample container carriers, wherein each of the sample container carriers comprises at least one magnetically active device and wherein each of the sample container carriers is configured to carry at least one sample container, a plurality of interconnected transport plane modules, wherein each of the transport plane modules is configured to support a plurality of the sample container carriers, and a plurality of electro-magnetic actuators, wherein below each transport plane module a plurality of the electro-magnetic actuators is stationary arranged in rows and columns, wherein the electro-magnetic actuators are configured to move a sample container carrier of the sample container carriers on top of the transport plane modules along a row of the rows or along a column of the columns by applying a magnetic move force to the sample container carrier, wherein the electro-magnetic actuators are driven individually by a control device in order to generate a magnetic field, wherein the magnetic field interacts with the magnetically active device of a sample container carrier and wherein, by interaction, the electromagnetic actuators apply the magnetic move force to the sample container carrier, the method comprising:assigning at least one transport plane module of the transport plane modules to a route category by the control device, wherein at least two traffic lanes are formed on the route categorized transport plane module, wherein the sample container carriers are moved within each traffic lane in a given transport direction, wherein the transport directions of the at least two traffic lanes are opposite to each other and wherein a change from one transport direction to the opposite transport direction is not possible for the sample container carriers moved on the route categorized transport plane module; and
assigning at least one another transport plane module of the transport plane modules to a waypoint category by the control device, wherein a change from one transport direction to the opposite transport direction is enabled for the sample container carriers moved on the waypoint categorized transport plane module, wherein a change area is formed on the waypoint categorized transport plane module and wherein the change area is configured to receive a sample container carrier of the sample container carriers from one traffic lane with a given transport direction and to pass the received sample container carrier to another traffic lane with an opposite transport direction, wherein an enter area is formed on the waypoint categorized transport plane module, wherein the enter area is arranged in between the change area and a traffic lane of the traffic lanes directing to the change area, wherein the enter area is configured to receive a sample container carrier of the sample container carriers from the traffic lane and to pass the received sample container carrier to the change area when there is no cross traffic within the change area blocking the sample container carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,989,724

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MULTI-ANALYSIS

Labrador Diagnostics LLC,...

1. A biological sample processing system comprising:a sample handling system;
a spectrophotometer;
a cytometer comprising an imaging device and a stage for receiving a microscopy cuvette;
an assay station configured to support multiple components comprising i) a biological sample and ii) at least a first, a second, and a third fluidically isolated assay unit, and
a magnetic rod engagable by said sample handling system wherein the magnetic rod is sized to fit through an opening of the pipette nozzle;
wherein the sample handling system is configured to i) transfer at least a portion of the biological sample to the first assay unit, the second assay unit, and the third assay unit; ii) transfer the first and second assay units containing biological sample to the spectrophotometer; and iii) transfer the third assay unit containing biological sample to the cytometry station;
wherein the spectrophotometer comprises a first light source, a laser light source aligned at an acute angle relative to the first light source, an optical grating, and a photodetector, wherein an opening in the spectrophotometer is provided between the light source and the optical grating for receiving one of the fluidically isolated assay units containing the biological sample, wherein the first light source and the laser light source are on a first side of the opening and an optical filter on a second side of the opening from the optical grating;
wherein the magnetic rod is configured to be received inside a pipette of the sample handling system.

US Pat. No. 10,989,720

METHOD FOR CLINICALLY AND PATHOLOGICALLY MONITORING ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE THROUGH CONCENTRATION OF AMYLOIDBETA IN PLASMA

1. A method of diagnosing a cognitive impairment in a subject in need thereof comprising the steps of:1) measuring a concentration of A?42 in a plasma sample isolated from the subject and a normal control, wherein the sample is pretreated with a composition comprising a protease inhibitor and a phosphatase inhibitor to reduce a standard deviation associated with the measurement; and
2) determining that the subject is affected with MCI (Mild Cognitive Impairment) with a specificity of at least 65%, when the concentration of A?42 in the plasma of the subject is decreased by more than 8.0% compared to the average concentration of A?42 measured in the plasma of the normal control.

US Pat. No. 10,989,714

MEASUREMENT OF GLYCOPROTEIN

ARKRAY, Inc., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A method for measuring a glycohemoglobin in a sample, comprising:mixing the sample and a single reagent, wherein the mixing comprises denaturing a hemoglobin in the sample and reacting a glycohemoglobin in the sample with amadoriase to allow a color forming agent to produce a color; and
measuring an absorbance of the sample after the denaturing and mixing, and calculating a glycohemoglobin level,
wherein the single reagent contains a denaturant, the color forming agent and the amadoriase.

US Pat. No. 10,989,705

ON-CHIP PLATFORM FOR SINGLE-MOLECULE ELECTRICAL CONDUCTANCE MEASUREMENTS

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. A single-molecule conductance measurement apparatus, the apparatus comprising:(a) a MEMS-based actuator;
(b) a conductive needle electrode coupled to the MEMS-based actuator; and
(c) a second electrode having a smooth surface;
(d) wherein the conductive needle electrode is configured to make contact with the smooth surface of the second electrode; and
(e) wherein the conductive needle electrode is moveable in positional relation to the smooth surface of the second electrode by the MEMS-based actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,989,702

LABORATORY TRACER EXPERIMENT SYSTEM FOR MEDIUM CHARACTERISTIC INVERSION OF KARST CONDUIT

SHANDONG UNIVERSITY, Jin...

1. A laboratory tracer experiment system based on karst conduit medium characteristic inversion, comprising:a assembly model system of the karst conduit medium, a test bed, a water supply system, a full-automatic control system for tracer adding, a real-time wireless monitoring system of fluorescent tracer, a central control system and a high-definition camera recording system;
the assembly model system of the karst conduit medium consists of a series of conceptual model of karst conduits of designed sizes and types, and is configured to simulate different types of underground karst media; flow rate measurement and tracer adding are carried out at an inlet of each conduit, and real-time data acquisition and monitoring are carried out at an outlet to obtain tracer curve characteristics of different karst medium structures;
the test bed is configured to support the assembly model system of the karst conduit medium; the water supply system is connected to the assembly model system of the karst conduit medium to supply water to the assembly model system of the karst conduit medium;
the full-automatic control system for tracer adding is connected to the assembly model system of the karst conduit medium to add a prepared tracer solution into the assembly model system of the karst conduit medium;
the real-time wireless monitoring system of fluorescent tracer is configured to monitor the concentration of a fluorescent tracer and the flow rate in real time, and implement remote wireless transmission of data;
the high-definition camera recording system is configured to record and shoot the whole transport process of the fluorescent tracer in the conduit, and transmit images and videos in real time to the central control system wirelessly, and the images and videos and the collected tracer concentration and flow rate are visually displayed on the display screen to provide basis and help for processing and analyzing late data;
the central control system controls the full-automatic control system for tracer adding, the water supply system, the real-time wireless monitoring system of fluorescent tracer and the high-definition camera recording system to communicate with the central control system.

US Pat. No. 10,989,699

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DETECTING AND QUANTIFYING PEROXY ACID AND PEROXIDE IN FLUIDS

CHEMTREAT, INC., Glen Al...

1. A method of analyzing a fluid that includes at least one of peroxyacid and peroxide, the method comprising:introducing into the fluid a decomposition agent that decomposes the peroxyacid and/or peroxide into decomposition products;
directly measuring an amount of dissolved oxygen that is produced in the fluid as one of the decomposition products resulting from the decomposition of the peroxyacid and/or peroxide by the decomposition agent; and
then determining an amount of the peroxyacid present in the fluid based on the measured amount of the dissolved oxygen.

US Pat. No. 10,989,698

HIGH RESOLUTION MSI BASED QUANTIFICATION

Thermo Fisher Scientific ...

1. A data independent acquisition method of mass spectrometry for analysing a sample comprising the steps of:introducing the sample to a mass spectrometer during a period corresponding to a chromatographic peak;
ionising the sample to produce a plurality of precursor ions;
selecting a precursor mass range of interest for the sample to be analysed;
performing a plurality of MS1 scans across the chromatographic peak, each of the MS1 scans comprising:
scanning precursor ions of the sample across the precursor mass range of interest, using a mass analyser operated at a first, relatively higher resolution of at least 50,000 at m/z=200 amu, for identification and/or quantitation of the sample in the MS1 domain across the precursor mass range of interest; and
obtaining a set of MS2 scans across the chromatographic peak by:
segmenting the precursor mass range of interest into a plurality of precursor mass range segments, wherein
for each precursor mass range segment:
fragmenting the precursor ions within that mass range segment, and
performing an MS2 scan of the fragmented mass range segment with the mass analyser, operated at a second, relatively lower resolution, such that each of the fragmented sample segments across the precursor mass range of interest is fragmented and scanned in the MS2 domain,
wherein the performing of the MS1 scans are interleaved throughout the performing of each of the sets of MS2 scans such that the MS1 scans provide a mass chromatogram of the sample; and
wherein a ratio of the number of MS1 scans performed to the number of sets of MS2 scans performed during a width of the chromatographic peak is at least 3:1, the width being equal to four standard deviations of the chromatographic peak.

US Pat. No. 10,989,697

BREATH ANALYZER

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. A breath analyzer comprising:a column;
a carrier gas supply unit that supplies a carrier gas into the column;
a sample introduction unit that introduces breath into the carrier gas supplied from the carrier gas supply unit into the column;
a cooling unit that cools the breath introduced from the sample introduction unit into the carrier gas, to trap a volatile component in the breath into the column;
a heating unit that heats the volatile component trapped in the column to desorb the volatile component;
a detection unit that detects the volatile component desorbed by the heating unit and separated in a process of passing through the column; and
a control unit that keeps the carrier gas being supplied into the column by the carrier gas supply unit after the breath is introduced by the sample introduction unit.

US Pat. No. 10,989,693

PIPE INSPECTION

Tenaris Connections B.V.,...

1. A method of pipe inspection, comprising:providing a first pipe section having a first pipe body, a first leading end, and a first trailing end;
providing a second pipe section having a second pipe body, a second leading end, and a second trailing end;
abutting at least a portion of the second leading end to at least a portion of the first trailing end to define a pipe abutment zone comprising a portion of the first pipe section measured longitudinally from the first trailing end a longitudinal distance of 300 mm and a portion of the second pipe section measured longitudinally from the second leading end a longitudinal distance of 300 mm;
conveying the first pipe section and the second pipe section longitudinally at a first speed relative to an inspection device configured to perform an electromagnetic inspection;
inspecting, by the inspection device as the first pipe section and the second pipe section are conveyed relative to the inspection device, a first portion of the pipe abutment zone and a second portion of the pipe abutment zone; and
providing, based on the inspecting, defect data that describes defects detected within at least one of the first portion and the second portion of the pipe abutment zone by the inspection device.

US Pat. No. 10,989,688

TECHNIQUES FOR EXTENDING ELECTRODE SERVICEABILITY AND USEFUL LIFE IN VOLTAMETRIC DEVICE

AMS Trace Metals, Inc., ...

1. A measurement method using a voltametric measurement device, the voltametric measurement device having a measurement chamber, a working electrode, an auxiliary electrode and a reference electrode, wherein the reference electrode comprises a conductor surface having at least one of silver or silver chloride, the measurement method comprising, for each of respective measurement cycles:using a fluidic transfer mechanism to supply an analyte to the measurement chamber;
immersing each of the working electrode, the auxiliary electrode and the reference electrode within the measurement chamber into the analyte, such that the conductor surface is placed in direct contact with the analyte;
adding a source of chlorides to the analyte, to create a mixture;
performing voltametric measurement of the mixture to detect presence of a metal substance in the mixture; and
following performance of voltametric measurement, removing the mixture, including the chlorides, from the presence of the conductor surface;
wherein the measurement method further comprises cleaning the conductor surface in between ones of the respective measurement cycles, using at least one of a fluoride-based substance or an add.

US Pat. No. 10,989,687

CAPILLARY ELECTROPHORESIS DEVICE AND FOCAL POSITION ADJUSTMENT METHOD FOR THE SAME

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. A method for adjusting an in-focus position of an optical system of an electrophoresis device, the method comprising:acquiring reference data, wherein the acquiring the reference data comprises:
mounting a reference capillary in the electrophoresis device,
focusing, by the optical system, on the reference capillary in which a solution containing fluorochrome is injected into the reference capillary to focus the optical system on the reference capillary,
filling the reference capillary with a separation medium while illuminating an excitation light onto the reference capillary, and
obtaining, by a 2D photodetector, a 2D image comprising an autofluorescence reference pattern and a Raman-scattered light reference pattern,
processing the autofluorescence reference pattern and the Raman-scattered light reference pattern into autofluorescence reference data and Raman-scattered light reference data, respectively;
acquiring a measured image, wherein the acquiring the measured image comprises:
mounting, in the electrophoresis device, an electrophoresis capillary,
moving a focal position of the optical system to multiple focal locations, and
for each of the multiple focal locations, obtaining measured data based on a 2D image of light, containing autofluorescence from the separation medium while the separation medium is being fed to the electrophoresis capillary, and a 2D image of Raman-scattered light from the separation medium after the separation medium is no longer being fed to the electrophoresis capillary, as autofluorescence measured pattern and Raman-scattered light measured pattern, respectively,
processing the autofluorescence measured pattern and the Raman-scattered light measured pattern at each of the multiple focal locations into autofluorescence measured data and Raman-scattered light measured data, respectively;
comparing the autofluorescence measured data and the Raman-scattered light measured data for each of the multiple focal locations with the autofluorescence reference data and the Raman-scattered light reference data; and
determining a focal location, among the multiple focal locations, of the optical system based on the autofluorescence measured data and the Raman-scattered light measured data having a highest similarity to the autofluorescence reference data and the Raman-scattered light reference data, respectively, and using the focal location as the in-focus position of the mounted electrophoresis capillary.

US Pat. No. 10,989,684

BIOSENSOR, PROCESS FOR ITS PREPARATION AND METHOD FOR DETECTING AN ANALYTE USING THE BIOSENSOR

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. A biosensor, comprising:(a) a sensor base having an insulating substrate and at least one electrically conductive working electrode disposed on said insulating substrate;
(b) reduced graphene applied to at least one said working electrode;
(c) a plurality of spacers having mutually different lengths covalently bound to said reduced graphene; and
(d) a capture molecule covalently bound to each of said spacers.

US Pat. No. 10,989,679

TIME-RESOLVED PHOTOEMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY AND METHOD FOR IMAGING CARRIER DYNAMICS USING THE TECHNIQUE

TOKYO INSTITUTE OF TECHNO...

1. A time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy comprising:a laser light source that outputs a pulse having less than or equal to a femtosecond level pulse width and variable repetition frequency;
a pump light pulse generator configured to generate pump light pulse that excites photo-carriers of a sample by converting wavelength of light output from the laser light source; and
a probe light pulse generator configured to generate probe light pulse that photo-emits photo-carriers excited by the pump light pulse from the sample by photoelectric effect by converting wavelength of light output from the laser light source, wherein
energy of at least one of the pump light pulse and the probe light pulse is configured to continuously vary in a range not less than 0.1 eV and not more than 8 eV.

US Pat. No. 10,989,676

GAMMA-RAY IMAGE ACQUISITION DEVICE AND GAMMA-RAY IMAGE ACQUISITION METHOD

KYOTO UNIVERSITY

1. A gamma-ray image acquisition device using Compton scattering, comprising:a chamber;
a scattered gamma-ray detector for detecting a target scattered gamma-ray generated by Compton scattering of an incident gamma-ray that enters said chamber from an external space, and acquiring a detected position and energy of said target scattered gamma-ray;
a scattering position acquisition part for acquiring a scattering position of said incident gamma-ray in said chamber;
a scattering direction acquisition part for acquiring a direction of said target scattered gamma-ray on the basis of said scattering position and said detected position;
a recoil electron information acquisition part for acquiring a direction and energy of a recoil electron recoiling from said scattering position;
an incident gamma-ray calculator for acquiring an incident direction and energy of the corresponding incident gamma-ray from the direction and energy of said target scattered gamma-ray and the direction and energy of said recoil electron; and
an image acquisition part for acquiring a two-dimensional image by imaging spectroscopy based on incident directions and energies of a plurality of incident gamma-rays, the two-dimensional image being an image in which each pixel corresponding to the incident direction of incident gamma-rays includes energy distribution information,
wherein in said two-dimensional image, an area and a solid angle of an imaging range are proportional to each other, energy distribution of said each pixel indicates quantitative radiation intensity per unit area at a spot corresponding to said each pixel, and
a full width at half maximum of a point spread function that indicates accuracy of said incident direction acquired by said incident gamma-ray calculator corresponds to a visual angle less than or equal to 15 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,989,674

X-RAY INSPECTION APPARATUS AND X-RAY INSPECTION METHOD

HITACHI HIGH-TECH SCIENCE...

1. An X-ray inspection apparatus, comprising:an X-ray source configured to irradiate a sample with an X-ray;
a sample moving mechanism configured to move the sample in a particular direction during the irradiation with the X-ray from the X-ray source;
a TDI sensor, which is mounted on an opposite side of the X-ray source with respect to the sample, and includes a plurality of columns of line sensors in the particular direction, the line sensors each including a plurality of pixels arrayed in a direction orthogonal to the particular direction so that the pixels are arranged in matrix, the TDI sensor being configured to detect the X-ray that has been transmitted through the sample with the pixels; and
a TDI computing unit configured to control accumulation and transfer of charges in a plurality of the pixels in the particular direction,
the TDI computing unit including a data transfer unit configured to transfer, to an outside, data of accumulated charges obtained by accumulating and transferring the charges, and having a function of setting in advance, as a determination region, a plurality of columns of the line sensors with which the sample is detectable, and of detecting the sample in the determination region,
the data transfer unit being configured to set, as detecting rows, rows of the pixels with which the sample has been detected in the determination region and rows around the rows, and transfer, to the outside, the data of accumulated charges only for pixels in the detecting rows.

US Pat. No. 10,989,670

DETECTION OF PITS USING AN AUTOMATIC OPTICAL INSPECTION SYSTEM

CAMTEK LTD., Migdal Haem...

1. A method for detecting defects in a thinned die, the method comprising:inspecting the thinned die with a two-dimensional inspection module, to find suspected defects that appear as non-reflecting regions that fulfill a size condition;
measuring, using a depth measurement module, a depth of the suspected defects; and
defining a suspected defects as a defects when the depth parameter exceeds a depth threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,989,669

MODEL-BASED METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR CLASSIFYING AN INTERFERENT IN SPECIMENS

Siemens Healthcare Diagno...

1. A method of determining a characteristic of a specimen contained within a sample container, comprising:generating a pixelated image of the specimen, the pixelated image comprising pixels;
passing a plurality of the pixels through a liquid classification model, wherein each pixel passed through the liquid classification model is classified as liquid or non-liquid, wherein the liquid classification model is trained by graphically outlining liquid regions in multitude of examples of sample containers having different specimen conditions, occlusion by a label, and levels of serum and red blood cell portions;
defining one or more liquid regions by pixels classified as liquid; and
determining a presence of one or more interferent within the one or more liquid regions.

US Pat. No. 10,989,660

AUTOMATIC FLUORESCENCE DETECTION SYSTEM

CHROMA ATE INC., Taoyuan...

1. An automatic fluorescence detection system, comprising:a base, having a detecting region; and
an optical assembly, including:
a fluorescent image-capturing device;
an illumination device, structured into a two-concentric-ring pattern, including a first annular illumination module and a second annular illumination module surrounding a center axis of the fluorescent image-capturing device, the first annular illumination module including a plurality of illumination units distributed along a circle in a staggered arrangement, the second annular illumination module including a plurality of another illumination units distributed along another circle in another staggered arrangement, light emitted by the first annular illumination module and the second annular illumination module traveling along a light-traveling path to project onto the detecting region, a radius of the circle for the first annular illumination module to the center axis being smaller than another radius of the another circle for the second annular illumination module to the center axis, wherein the light-travelling path of the light leaving the first annular illumination module and the second annular illumination module is parallel to the center axis of the fluorescent image-capturing device; and
a field lens, disposed in correspondence with the detecting region, spacing between the field lens and the detecting region being ranged from 15.0 cm to 30.0 cm.

US Pat. No. 10,989,657

COMPACT SENSOR FOR MEASURING TURBIDITY OR FLUORESCENCE IN A FLUID SAMPLE

In-Situ, Inc., Fort Coll...

1. A method of making a turbidity sensor, the method comprising the steps of:enclosing a plurality of optical components within a wedge-shaped sensor housing having: an outer surface shape that is a portion of a circle, a first and a second surface extending from a vertex region and connecting to ends of said outer surface shape, with a unique maximum straight line distance between said outer surface ends, and a distal sensing end volume in which said optical components are confined that is less than or equal to 20 cm3;
wherein said plurality of optical components comprise an optical source, a beam splitter, a reference photodetector, and a signal photodetector that are aligned with said unique maximum straight line;
providing an emission window through a distal sensing surface of said wedge-shaped sensor housing for passing electromagnetic radiation from said optical source to a sample chamber; and
providing a collection window through a distal sensing surface of said sensor housing for collecting scattered electromagnetic radiation from said sample chamber to said signal photodetector;thereby providing a turbidity sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,989,656

SCATTEROMETRY SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A method of determining distinctiveness of image (DOI), the method comprising:providing a system comprising, in order:
a light source;
a focusing element;
a sample that is at least one of transmissive or reflective of light of at least one wavelength in a range from 400 nm to 700 nm;
an aperture; and
a first light detector rotatable about a eucentric point,
energizing the light source to provide a light beam having at least one wavelength of light in a range from 400 nm to 700 nm, wherein the light beam from the light source passes through and is focused by the focusing element to a spot either on or within the sample having an area in a range from 1 micrometer squared to 625 micrometers squared, wherein the sample holder translates in a plane orthogonal to the incident light beam, and wherein at least a portion of the light is transmitted through or reflected by the sample to provide scattered light;
measuring the total intensity of the light beam received at the first light detector in the in-line direction for transmission or in the specular direction for reflection;
measuring the intensity of the light beam received at the first light detector rotated 0.3° from the in-line direction for transmission or 0.3° from the specular direction for reflection; and
calculating the DOI using the formula 100 ×(1?H0.3), where H0.3 is the ratio of light beam intensity measured at 0.3° from the inline direction for transmission or 0.3° from the specular direction for reflection to the measured total intensity in the inline direction for transmission or in the specular direction for reflection, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,989,652

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR COMBINING OPTICAL METROLOGY WITH MASS METROLOGY

LAM RESEARCH CORPORATION,...

1. A metrology system for substrate processing, comprising:an optical metrology station including:
a plurality of optical sensors to measure spectra from a plurality of measurement locations on a substrate;
a plurality of fiber cables connected to the plurality of optical sensors; and
a spectrometer selectively connected to the plurality of fiber cables;
a mass metrology station to measure at least one of a mass or mass change of the substrate; and
a controller including;
a modelling module to generate thickness values at the plurality of measurement locations based on the spectra from the plurality of measurement locations and a learned model; and
a spatial modelling module to generate a spatial thickness distribution model for the substrate based on the thickness values at the plurality of measurement locations from the modelling module and the at least one of the mass or the mass change from the mass metrology station, wherein the mass is used by the spatial thickness distribution model as a constraint.

US Pat. No. 10,989,651

MOLECULAR DETECTION SYSTEM

The University of Birming...

1. A molecular sensor comprising: a flow path configured for flowing a solution potentially containing a target molecule; a source of polarized light; a detector arranged to receive light from the source after it has passed through the flowpath; and a plurality of sensor elements disposed in use in the flow path, each sensor element comprising(i) a scaffold moiety and (ii) one or more receptor molecules for the target molecule attached to the scaffold moiety to form a scaffold/receptor complex, wherein the scaffold/receptor complex is modified to incorporate a chromophore, wherein the modified scaffold/receptor complex has an aspect ratio greater than 5:1 and wherein the sensor comprises a plurality of distinct groups of sensor elements, the groups having the same scaffold moieties but different chromophores and receptor molecules for different target molecules, such that the dichroic absorbance of each group of sensor elements is at a different wavelength to that of the other groups and each group detects a different target molecule.

US Pat. No. 10,989,650

ADHESIVE FILM AND ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR VERIFYING AN ADHESIVE ATTACHMENT

PREMIUM AEROTEC GMBH, Au...

1. An adhesive film for a structural adhesive bond to a substrate, the adhesive film having a structure, the structure of the adhesive film taking a form of a carrier structure of the adhesive film, the carrier structure being formed by a textile fabric, andwhere, at least in a subregion of the adhesive film, a mechanical strength of the structure has been matched to a predefined target binding force of a bond produced using the adhesive film such that, after completion of the bond, when the adhesive film is pulled away from the substrate or from a material layer with peeling stress on the bond for verification of the adhesive attachment to the substrate or to the material layer, the adhesive film fails with exceedance of the mechanical strength of the structure when strength of the bond attains or exceeds the target binding force, and the adhesive film when pulled apart does not fail at least in the subregion when strength of the bond does not attain the target binding force.

US Pat. No. 10,989,649

METHODS OF MEASURING FRICTION BETWEEN A SLIDER AND RAMP, AND RELATED SYSTEMS

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A method of analyzing ramp friction in a disk drive using a controller to execute the following steps:calculating a ramp load time profile for a voice coil motor of the disk drive;
determining a load torque profile for a lift tab on the ramp based at least on the ramp load time profile;
calculating a ramp unload time profile for the voice coil motor;
determining an unload torque profile for the lift tab on the ramp based at least on the ramp unload time profile;
calculating a ramp friction torque based on the determined load torque profile and unload torque profile; and
performing a ramp load or unload operation using the voice coil motor based on the calculated ramp friction torque.

US Pat. No. 10,989,648

METHOD FOR FORMING A HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGE BY LENSLESS IMAGING

1. A method for forming an image of a sample comprising:a) illuminating the sample with a light source;
b) acquiring a plurality of images of the sample using an image sensor, the sample being placed between the light source and the image sensor, such that:
the sample is immobile with respect to the light source between each acquisition;
no magnifying optics are placed between the sample and the image sensor;
the image sensor lies in a detection plane, the image sensor being moved, in the detection plane, between two successive acquisitions while the sample is immobile; and
each acquired image is respectively associated with a position of the image sensor in the detection plane, each position being different from the next, each acquired image having a field of observation, each acquired image containing pixels;
c) calculating a movement of each acquired image with respect to a reference image in which the image sensor occupies a reference position; and
d) forming a high-resolution image, from the acquired images and the movement calculated for each thereof, the high-resolution image having a field of observation corresponding to an intersection of the fields of observation of each acquired image, the high-resolution image containing more pixels than each acquired image,
wherein the image sensor is blocked from moving in a direction perpendicular to the detection plane.

US Pat. No. 10,989,644

WATER CONTACT ANGLE CALIBRATION STANDARD

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A process of preparation of a calibration standard for calibrating a tool for measuring the surface energy of a data storage component comprises:providing a standardized sized, dimensionally stable bead having a diameter of from 1 to 100 ?m; and
depositing the bead on a surface of a substrate and adhering the bead to the surface with an adhesive.

US Pat. No. 10,989,643

METHOD FOR DETERMINING DENSITY OF FRESH CONCRETE, COMPUTING DEVICE AND SYSTEM THEREFORE

Command Alkon Incorporate...

1. A system comprising:an acoustic probe assembly mounted to a concrete mixer, the acoustic probe assembly having an acoustic path, an acoustic emitter configured to emit an acoustic signal along the acoustic path, and an acoustic receiver configured to receive the acoustic signal after propagation along the acoustic path, the acoustic probe assembly being configured and adapted to generate an electromagnetic signal indicative of a duration of time taken by the acoustic signal to travel from the acoustic emitter to the acoustic receiver across a fresh concrete sample handled by the concrete mixer;
a computing device communicatively coupled with the acoustic probe assembly, the computing device being configured for performing the steps of
receiving composition data indicative of a composition of the fresh concrete sample;
determining the duration of time based on the electromagnetic signal; and
matching the duration of time to a density value using reference data pertaining to the received composition data; and
a user interface communicatively coupled with the computing device, the user interface being configured to display the density value of the fresh concrete sample.

US Pat. No. 10,989,638

MULTI-FUNCTIONAL SUPPORT CAPABLE OF TRANSFERRING HORIZONTAL AND MULTI-POINT LOCAL VERTICAL LOAD AND IMPLEMENTATION METHOD

CHINA UNIVERSITY OF MININ...

1. A multi-functional support capable of transferring a horizontal and multi-point local vertical load, mainly formed by detachably assembling a distribution beam capable of transferring a vertical load locally and independently at multiple points, detachable upright columns, a template beam and a support base, wherein the distribution beam capable of transferring a vertical load locally and independently at multiple points is located between tops of the two upright columns, the two upright columns are mounted on the support base, the template beam is located between the two upright columns, arranged on the support base and connected to the support base, the support base is fixed on a ground, and the distribution beam capable of transferring a vertical load locally and independently at multiple points, the detachable upright columns, the support base and the template beam are located in the same plane.

US Pat. No. 10,989,637

BEARING SYSTEM FOR ROCK MECHANICS TEST UNDER HIGH TEMPERATURE AND HIGH PRESSURE MULTI-FIELD COUPLING IN DEEP EARTH

SICHUAN UNIVERSITY, Chen...

1. A bearing system for a rock mechanics test under a high temperature and a high pressure multi-field comprising:a sensor lifting seat;
a jack propped upon a mechanics test system hydraulic servo table, wherein the jack is configured to lift the sensor lifting seat;
wherein the sensor lifting seat comprises:
a connecting disk;
a support disk;
an operation channel;
wherein the connecting disk connects with the jack, the support disk is configured to support a mechanics test system triaxial force sensor, and the operation channel is configured to dismount and mount the mechanics test system triaxial force sensor;
a flange provided on the connecting disk;
a round rod on the connecting disk
a groove formed by a space between the support disk and the flange, wherein the support disk is disposed on the round rod and freely propped upon the round rod, and the support disk is radially limited by a stop collar;
wherein both the connecting disk and the support disk are in a form of circular shape with a through hole, wherein the operation channel is formed by aligning the through holes of the connecting disk and the support disk; and
a limiting device is arranged to prevent the mechanics test system triaxial force sensor from disengaging from the support disk.

US Pat. No. 10,989,632

METHOD FOR PREPARING STANDARD SAMPLE FOR GAS FLOW TYPE ANALYSIS SYSTEM

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

2. A method for preparing a standard sample for a gas flow type analysis system for analyzing an attached substance attached to a test subject, comprising:generating a suspension containing a background at a desired concentration;
adding dropwise the suspension onto a sheet-like substance;
drying the suspension on the sheet-like substance;
adding dropwise a solution of a sample to the dried suspension; and
drying a solution of the suspension and the solution of the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,989,628

METHOD AND LINE FOR CHECKING TYRES FOR VEHICLE WHEELS

PIRELLI TYRE S.P.A., Mil...

1. A method for checking a tyre for vehicle wheels, said tyre being associated with a model, the method comprising:a) obtaining the model associated with said tyre, the model being associated with a setting for positioning a set of image acquisition devices;
b) acquiring preliminary images of said tyre;
c) obtaining, from said acquired preliminary images, at least one adjustment value representative of at least one geometric characteristic of the tyre;
d) calculating a deviation between said at least one adjustment value and a respective reference value, associated with said model;
e) adjusting the setting associated with the model of the tyre based on the calculated deviation; and
(f) inspecting said tyre to look for possible production defects by acquiring images of at least part of the surface of the tyre,
wherein inspecting said tyre includes using the set of image acquisition devices set according to the setting thus adjusted for acquiring the images of at least part of the surface of the tyre.

US Pat. No. 10,989,626

SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND DEVICES FOR PERFORMANCE MONITORING OF MECHANICAL ASSEMBLIES

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method for monitoring a performance of a plurality of mechanical joints, the method comprising:receiving, from a first plurality of sensors, a first plurality of measurements included in a plurality of data objects, the plurality of measurements being obtained from at least a first mechanical joint, the first mechanical joint being one of the plurality of mechanical joints, the first plurality of measurements comprising current measurements made by the first plurality of sensors included in at least one motor included in the first mechanical joint and a plurality of bearing assemblies included in the first mechanical joint, wherein each of the plurality of bearing assemblies contacts an inboard ring and an outboard ring of the first mechanical joint;
retrieving environmental data corresponding to a time period associated with the first plurality of measurements, the environmental data representing environmental conditions over the period of time;
modifying the current measurements included in the first plurality of measurements, the modifying compensating for one or more environmental conditions identified by the environmental data, the one or more environmental conditions comprising solar activity experienced by the first mechanical joint;
generating time series data for the first mechanical joint by merging the plurality of data objects into a single time series data object;
generating, at a trend engine, at least one failure detection metric and an estimated time of failure based on performance data of the at least one motor and the plurality of bearing assemblies, the performance data being included in the first plurality of measurements, the failure detection metric characterizing a prediction of an operational failure event associated with the first mechanical joint, and the generating of the at least at least one failure detection metric being based, at least in part, on identifying a threshold crossing based on the performance data; and
generating one or more tasks to prevent the operational failure event of the first mechanical joint, the one or more tasks identified based on the at least one failure detection metric.

US Pat. No. 10,989,613

PRESSURE SENSOR ENHANCING VARIATION PERCENTAGES UNDER HIGH PRESSURES

TAIWAN ALPHA ELECTRONIC C...

1. A pressure sensor, comprising:a conductive substrate, including:
a conductive-substrate body, having a conductive-layer disposing surface; and
a conductive layer, disposed on the conductive-layer disposing surface, and having a central sensing region and two outer sensing regions separately located at two opposing sides out of the central sensing region;
a ring-shaped spacer, disposed on the conductive-substrate body to make the conductive layer exposed therefrom;
an inner spacer, disposed on the conductive layer, separated from the ring-shaped spacer to form two outer sensing spaces exposed respectively from the two outer sensing regions and at least one central sensing space exposed from the central sensing region; and
a sensing circuit substrate, disposed on the ring-shaped spacer and the inner spacer, including:
a circuit-substrate body, extending from a first end to a second end in a first direction, having a circuit-disposing surface facing the conductive-layer disposing surface and disposed on the ring-shaped spacer and the inner spacer;
a first sensing circuit, including:
a first bus circuit, disposed along a side of the circuit-disposing surface by extending from the first end to the second end; and
a plurality of first finger circuits, extending individually out from the first bus circuit in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, distributed respectively in the central sensing region and the two outer sensing regions; and
a second sensing circuit, including:
a second bus circuit, disposed along another side of the circuit-disposing surface by extending from the first end to the second end; and
a plurality of second finger circuits, extending individually out from the second bus circuit in a direction reverse to the second direction to be integrated into a staggered arrangement with the first finger circuits, distributed respectively in the central sensing region and the two outer sensing regions;
wherein an arrangement density of the first finger circuits and the second finger circuits in the central sensing region is larger than that in the two outer sensing regions.

US Pat. No. 10,989,611

METHOD AND ASSEMBLY FOR DETERMINING THE TEMPERATURE OF A TEST SENSOR

Ascensia Diabetes Care Ho...

1. A method for testing a meter, the meter determining an analyte concentration in a fluid sample collected on a test sensor by measuring a reaction between the analyte and a reagent on the test sensor, the meter including a temperature-measuring system that determines a test sensor temperature, the meter using the test sensor temperature as a parameter in determining the analyte concentration, the method comprising the steps of:providing a heating element with a flange extending therefrom, the flange shaped similar to a test sensor thereby allowing the flange to be removably inserted into an opening of the meter, the flange including a reference object coupled to the heating element;
changing a temperature of the reference object to a specified reference temperature, the reference object being positioned in the meter for measurement by the temperature-measuring system;
determining, with the temperature-measuring system, a test temperature for the reference object when the reference object achieves the reference temperature; and
determining an accuracy of the temperature-measuring system by comparing the test temperature to the reference temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,989,604

CRYOGENIC DETECTOR WITH INTEGRATED BACKSHORT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THEREOF

United States of America ...

1. A method of manufacturing an integrated backshort, the method comprising:providing a silicon wafer with a reflective metal layer bonded thereon, and with a silicon first layer deposited on said reflective metal layer;
depositing a structural second layer on said first layer;
depositing, patterning and etching a first superconductor layer on said second layer as a kinetic inductance detector (KID);
depositing and patterning a second superconductor layer on said second layer as one of leads, a microstrip, a capacitor or a filter; and
patterning and etching a phononic structure in said second layer and said first layer, leaving holes in said second layer;
wherein subsequent etching penetrates through said holes into said second layer, and into said first layer, and stopping on said reflective metal layer, leaving a space under said second layer where edges of said first layer which are etched under said second layer define a length of the integrated backshort.

US Pat. No. 10,989,599

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SPECTRAL FILTERING OF OPTICAL SIGNALS

Nucript LLC, Evanston, I...

1. An apparatus for filtering an input optical signal, comprising:an interferometer with an input port and an output port, the input optical signal entering the input port and a filtered input optical signal exiting the output port;
the interferometer containing a splitter that splits the input optical signal into a high gain arm and a low gain arm and containing a combiner that interferes signals exiting the high and the low gain arms into the output port such that a linearly propagating input optical signal is at an interference null at the output port,
the high gain arm containing a nonlinear medium having a nonlinear Brillouin gain Ghi, the Brillouin gain having a Brillouin gain peak being centered around an input optical signal frequency of fs, the low gain arm having a gain of Glow at an input optical signal frequency of fs where Glow

US Pat. No. 10,989,594

OPTICAL FILTER AND OPTICAL SPECTROMETER INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An optical filter comprising:a base substrate comprising a transparent material; and
a filter layer on the base substrate,
wherein the filter layer comprises a perovskite material,
wherein the filter layer comprises a plurality of filter layers, and at least two of the plurality of filter layers are formed of perovskite materials having different composition ratios from each other, and at least two of the plurality of filter layers is spaced apart from each other in a direction perpendicular to a direction of thickness of the base substrate, and
wherein the at least two of the plurality of filter layers have different optical absorption rates or different optical transmittances from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,989,592

HANDHELD SCANNER FOR IMPROVED STAIN DETECTION, SYSTEM COMPRISING SUCH A HANDHELD SCANNER, AND METHOD FOR OPERATION THEREOF

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A handheld scanner, comprising:an infrared (IR) spectrometer having a radiation source and a radiation detector;
a controller;
an interface for wireless data communication;
a red, green, blue (RGB) sensor;
the handheld scanner being configured for detecting soiling on a laundry item; and
the handheld scanner being configured to:
record a dark spectrum D when the radiation source of the IR spectrometer is switched off;
scan at least one laundry item with the handheld scanner at a reference point, and record an IR spectrum and/or RGB sensor signals;
transmit the IR spectrum obtained in step (a) and/or the RGB sensor signals obtained in step (a) as first data to an external server;
scan the at least one laundry item of step (a) with the handheld scanner at a stain point of the at least one laundry item having soiling;
transmit an IR spectrum obtained in step (c) and/or RGB sensor signals obtained in step (c) as second data to the external server; and
receive third data from the external server, said third data regarding a type and/or quantity of soiling, determined based on an evaluation of the IR spectrum and/or the RGB sensor signals by the server.

US Pat. No. 10,989,589

INTERFEROMETRIC VIBRATION OBSERVATION DEVICE, VIBRATION OBSERVATION PROGRAM, RECORDING MEDIUM, VIBRATION OBSERVATION METHOD AND VIBRATION OBSERVATION SYSTEM

ALOUETTE TECHNOLOGY INC.,...

1. An interferometric vibration observation device comprising:a transmitting means transmitting a transmission signal from a transmitting antenna toward an observation object;
a receiving means receiving a reflection wave from the observation object with a plurality of receiving antennas and generating a reception signal for each of the receiving antennas;
a signal processing means obtaining a phase plane of the reflection wave to an antenna plane from a phase difference between the reception signals, identifying an arrival direction and a signal strength of the reflection wave, calculating a phase variation of the reflection wave from a certain direction, and generating an observation signal representative of displacement of the observation object or a certain site of the observation object; and
a signal generating means generating a reference signal, wherein
the signal generating means provides the reference signal to the transmitting means and the signal processing means, and
the transmitting means generates the transmission signal using the reference signal, and the signal processing means identifies the arrival direction of the reflection wave using the reference signal as an input to synchronize the transmission signal of the transmitting means and the signal process of the signal processing means.

US Pat. No. 10,989,578

ULTRASONIC METER AND METHOD FOR SENSING A FLOW VARIABLE

Diehl Metering GmbH, Ans...

1. An ultrasonic meter for recording a flow quantity dependent on a flow of a fluid, the ultrasonic meter comprising:a control device;
a measuring tube having a plurality of side walls, mutually adjacent ones of said side walls being at an angle to one another, and through said measuring tube the fluid can flow in a longitudinal direction of said measuring tube; and
ultrasonic transducers, including a first ultrasonic transducer and a second ultrasound transducer, which are disposed at a distance from one another in the longitudinal direction on said measuring tube, said first and said second ultrasound transducers respectively contain one transducer element or a predetermined configuration of a plurality of transducer elements, at least one of said first ultrasound transducer and said second ultrasound transducer is drivable by said control device to excite an acoustic wave conducted in one of said side walls of said measuring tube, the acoustic wave conducted in said side wall propagating along said side wall and emitting a compression wave into the fluid at the so-called Rayleigh angle, the compression wave being conducted through the fluid to a respective other of said ultrasound transducers and can be recorded there by said control device in order to determine a signal time of flight, wherein a propagation direction of the acoustic wave conducted in said side wall which can be excited by at least one of said first ultrasound transducer or said second ultrasound transducer is at an angle to the longitudinal direction of said measuring tube;wherein one of the following applies:said transducer element is deformable in order to excite the acoustic wave and has a rectangular contact surface for coupling with said one side wall, two sides of said rectangular contact surface being perpendicular to the propagation direction, and side lengths of said two sides corresponding to an excitation width; orsaid transducer elements of at least one of said first ultrasound transducer or of said second ultrasound transducer are disposed linearly with a linear arrangement of said transducer elements arranged at an angle to the transverse direction of said measuring tube to achieve an angled emission with respect to the longitudinal direction of said measuring tube.

US Pat. No. 10,989,560

MAP DATA CORRECTING METHOD AND DEVICE

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

15. A map data correcting device comprising a controller configured to correct map data used in a vehicle, the controller being further configured to:obtain by a device located on or in the vehicle, reference information on surroundings of for the vehicle;
execute a first correction process of uniformly offsetting the map data as a whole to reduce a first error, the first error being a general position error of the map data relative to the reference information;
execute a second correction process of reducing a second error in which a position error of the map data increases gradually from a reference point, the second error still remaining in the map data even after uniformly offsetting the map data as the whole; and
use or transmit the corrected map data,
wherein the second correction process comprises:
setting the reference point at a position with a minimum error among positions included in the map data after being offset;
calculating a correction amount of the second error, the correction amount increasing gradually from the set reference point; and
correcting each of the positions included in the map data with the calculated correction amount.

US Pat. No. 10,989,559

METHODS, SYSTEMS, AND DEVICES FOR DISPLAYING MAPS

Advanced New Technologies...

1. A computer-implemented method executed by one or more processors, the method comprising:receiving, by a mobile device, user input selecting a current location within a map displayed on a screen of the mobile device, the user input comprising a user press and hold operation to request a location relationship between a selected current location and a target location;
generating, by the mobile device, a request message indicating a request for the location relationship between the selected current location and the target location, the request message comprising an identifier of the current location, the target location being a location currently or previously displayed on the map;
transmitting, by the mobile device, the request message to a map server configured to determine a geographical location of the current location and a geographical location of the target location;
receiving, by the mobile device and from the map server, the location relationship between the current location and the target location, wherein the location relationship is determined based on the identifier of the current location and the geographical location of the target location;
detecting, by the mobile device, a predetermined operation used to trigger a request for a modification from a first map view that displays the current location and a graphical indicator, to a second map view corresponding to the target location, wherein the modification comprises a repositioning of the first map view; and
in response to detecting the predetermined operation, displaying, by the mobile device, the second map view corresponding to the target location and the graphical indicator representing the location relationship between the target location and the current location of the user press and hold operation, the graphical indicator comprising an indicator line and a distance value that are determined based on the location relationship, the indicator line comprising a straight line connecting a representation of the current location to a representation of the target location and a plurality of coverage circles between the current location and the target location based on the distance value, the distance value representing a distance between the current location and the target location depicted by the indicator line.

US Pat. No. 10,989,533

LASER LINE GENERATING DEVICE

1. A laser beam generating device, comprising:a housing;
a laser light generator disposed in the housing and operable to generate a first output beam and a second output beam, the first output beam and the second output beam projecting outside of the housing;
wherein the laser light generator is configured to operate in a first mode in which the first output beam is projected outside of the housing and the second output beam is not projected outside of the housing;
wherein the laser light generator is configured to operate in a second mode in which the first output beam and the second output beam are both projected outside of the housing;
wherein in the second mode, the first beam output and the second beam output have staggered duty cycles whereby when a pulse of the first beam is high a pulse of the second beam is low and whereby when the pulse of the first beam is low, the pulse of the second beam is high.

US Pat. No. 10,989,532

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF DEFINING A PATH AND SCANNING AN ENVIRONMENT

FARO TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. A system for measuring three-dimensional (3D) coordinate values of an environment, the system comprising:a movable base unit;
a scanner coupled to the base unit, the scanner comprising:
a light source, an image sensor and a controller, the light source steering a beam of light to illuminate object points in the environment, the image sensor is arranged to receive light reflected from the object points, the controller being operable to determine a distance value to at least one of the object points, the scanner measuring an angle and a distance value;
a 3D scanner coupled to the base unit, the 3D scanner operable to selectively measure 3D coordinates and grey values of surfaces in the environment, the 3D scanner configured to operate in one of a compound mode or a helical mode; and
one or more processors operably coupled to the base unit, the scanner and the 3D scanner, the one or more processors being responsive to nontransitory executable instructions for performing a method comprising:
 causing the 3D scanner to measure a first plurality of 3D coordinate values while operating in one of the compound mode or the helical mode as the base unit is moved from the first position to the second position;
 causing the 3D scanner to measure a second plurality of 3D coordinate values while operating in compound mode when the base unit is stationary between the first position and second position; and
 registering the first plurality of 3D coordinate values and second plurality of 3D coordinate values into a single frame of reference.

US Pat. No. 10,989,530

DETERMINING A SURFACE CHARACTERISTIC OF A ROADWAY USING AN IMAGING DEVICE

Troxler Electronic Labora...

1. An apparatus comprising:at least one optical scanning device comprising an emitter and a detector, the optical scanning device configured to optically scan, by the emitter, a void excavated in a construction material, and capture, by the detector, at least one dimensional measurement of the void; and
a computer device executing software, whereby the computer device is configured to:
determine, using the at least one dimensional measurement from the optical scanning device, a volume of the void;
receive, as an input or as a signal from a mass measuring device, a mass measurement of a mass of construction material excavated from the void to form the void prior to the optical scanning device scanning the void;
determine moisture content of the construction material; and
determine a material quality characteristic of the construction material based on at least two of the volume of the void, the mass measurement of the construction material excavated to form the void, and the moisture content of the construction material.

US Pat. No. 10,989,529

MAGNETICALLY COUPLED INTEGRATED ULTRASONIC TESTING AND CATHODIC PROTECTION MEASUREMENT PROBE

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. An integrated probe system for performing cathodic protection (CP) voltage readings and ultrasonic testing (UT) thickness measurements of an underwater surface at the same time, comprising:a ring-shaped CP probe having an electrically conductive ring disposed at a periphery of a front surface of the ring-shaped CP probe, the electrically conductive ring being configured to perform the CP voltage readings of the underwater surface while contacting the underwater surface;
one or more magnets embedded within the ring-shaped CP probe and generating a magnetic field;
a flux concentrator embedded within the ring-shaped CP probe, configured to direct the magnetic field towards the front surface of the ring-shaped CP probe for magnetic attachment of the front surface of the ring-shaped CP probe to the underwater surface during the CP voltage readings and the UT thickness measurements of the underwater surface at the same time, supported by the one or more magnets, and adjacent to the electrically conductive ring;
a flexible membrane seated in a center of the front surface of the ring-shaped CP probe, the electrically conductive ring being arranged about the flexible membrane;
a sleeve housing;
an ultrasonic probe for performing the UT thickness measurements of the underwater surface at the same time as the electrically conductive ring contacts the underwater surface and performs the CP voltage readings, the ultrasonic probe having a transducer crystal, the ultrasonic probe being partially disposed within the sleeve housing and extending through the center of the ring-shaped CP probe to be adjacent to the flexible membrane, the flexible membrane being arranged about the transducer crystal; and
a spring coupled to a free end of the sleeve housing and configured to provide two degrees of freedom to the ring-shaped CP probe in response to a force imparted when the electrically conductive ring contacts the underwater surface.

US Pat. No. 10,989,520

METHODS FOR NONDESTRUCTIVE MEASUREMENTS OF THICKNESS OF UNDERLYING LAYERS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method, the method comprising:irradiating a sample with a pump laser pulse to induce generation of an acoustic wave in the sample such that the acoustic wave propagates through the sample over time, the sample including a substrate, an underlying layer on the substrate, and an overlying layer on the underlying layer,
irradiating the sample with a probe laser pulse subsequent to irradiating the sample with the pump laser pulse;
determining a reflectance variation of the sample over time, based on monitoring a variation of a reflection of the probe laser pulse from the sample over time, to generate a first graph showing a variation of reflectance of the sample over time; and
determining a thickness of the underlying layer based on the first graph,
wherein the determining the thickness based on the first graph includes
determining the thickness based on magnitudes of the reflectance variation at highest points and lowest points of the first graph,
determining the thickness based on magnitudes of the reflectance variation at highest points and lowest points of a second graph, the second graph generated based on subtracting a saturation value from magnitudes of the reflectance variation in the first graph,
determining the thickness based on magnitudes of the reflectance variation at highest points and lowest points of a third graph, the third graph generated based on subtracting a background noise from magnitudes of the reflectance variation in the first graph, or
determining the thickness based on magnitudes of the reflectance variation at highest points and lowest points of a fourth graph, the fourth graph generated based on normalizing the third graph so that a magnitude of the reflectance variation at a first lowest point of the fourth is 0 and a magnitude of the reflectance variation at a first highest point of the fourth graph is 1.

US Pat. No. 10,989,519

ESTIMATING TRACKING SENSOR PARAMETRIZATION USING KNOWN SURFACE CONSTRAINTS

SPORTSMEDIA TECHNOLOGY CO...

1. A method of tracking an object comprising:receiving sensor data from a plurality of sensors;
determining a line of position for each of the plurality of sensors;
detecting a plurality of bounding surfaces in a bounded area from the plurality of sensors;
detecting at least one object within the bounded area from the plurality of sensors;
determining the positions of the plurality of bounding surfaces within the bounded area;
analyzing at least one interaction of the at least one object with the plurality of bounding surfaces; and
determining sensor parameters for the plurality of sensors based on the at least one interaction of the at least one object with the plurality of bounding surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,989,518

POSITION FINDER APPARATUS AND METHOD USING OPTICALLY PROJECTED REFERENCE

1. Sensor device for a computer-controlled machine having a movable carrier for changing the position of a first machine part relative to that of a second machine part,wherein the sensor device comprises
a pattern generator attachable to the first machine part,
a first coherent light illuminator and a second coherent light illuminator both being attachable to the second machine part and being optically configured to illuminate the pattern generator with coherent light for creating a spatial light pattern,
a camera being attachable to the second machine part and being optically configured to capture a composite image of said spatial light pattern,
wherein the camera is configured to capture a first composite image of said spatial light pattern in a first camera shot using a combination of said camera and said first one of a coherent light illuminator and said second one of a coherent light illuminator in which a range of effective optical distances of a first optical configuration in which light is propagated along optical paths from said first illuminator via the pattern generator to said camera for creating a first spatial light pattern component of said spatial light pattern is not overlapping with a range of effective optical distances of a second optical configuration in which light is propagated along optical paths from said second illuminator via the pattern generator to said camera for creating a second spatial light pattern component of said spatial light pattern, and
each of said first and said second illuminators being configured to illuminate the pattern generator with coherent light of a coherence length that is larger than a maximum difference in optical path lengths within each of the first and second optical configurations.

US Pat. No. 10,989,516

MAGNETIC ANGLE SENSOR ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR ESTIMATING A ROTATION ANGLE

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A magnetic angle sensor arrangement, comprising:a multipole magnet rotatable around a rotation axis,
wherein a geometric arrangement of the multipole magnet is rotationally asymmetric with respect to the rotation axis;
a plurality of magnetic field sensor circuits placed around the rotation axis at predefined equidistant angular positions in a predefined axial distance from the multipole magnet,
wherein each magnetic field sensor circuit, of the plurality of magnetic field sensor circuits, comprises a first magnetic field sensor element sensitive to a first magnetic field component and a second magnetic field sensor element sensitive to a second magnetic field component perpendicular to the first magnetic field component; and
processing circuitry to:
compute a first intermediate angular information based on a combination of signals from a plurality of first magnetic field sensor elements,
compute a second intermediate angular information based on a combination of signals from a plurality of second magnetic field sensor elements, and
compute an estimate of a rotation angle of the multipole magnet based on the first intermediate angular information and the second intermediate angular information.

US Pat. No. 10,989,508

ILLUMINING PROJECTILE SYSTEM

1. An illumining projectile system comprising:a case formed of a side wall with a front and rear end having a base;
a projectile formed of a side wall with a front end having a shaped section and a rear end with a base, the projectile being positioned within the case with the rear end of the projectile spaced from the rear end of the case to form a rearward chamber;
a firing assembly including a charge within the rearward chamber and a firing means;
an illumining assembly within the projectile having sources of illumination; and
an electrical assembly including a printed circuit board and a sensor and a timer and a battery and a controller to illuminate the sources of illumination following igniting the charge to activate the sensor and passage of time as determined by the timer.

US Pat. No. 10,989,498

VARIABLE RANGE VISUAL TARGETING ADJUSTMENT SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND APPARATUS

1. A variable range visual targeting adjustment apparatus for an optical targeting device, comprising:a housing having an optical cavity defined at least partially within said housing, wherein said optical cavity extends from an incoming image aperture to an outgoing image aperture;
at least one first reflective surface positioned within at least a portion of said optical cavity, wherein said at least one first reflective surface is adjustable so as to adjust an orientation of said at least one first reflective surface relative to said housing;
at least one second reflective surface positioned within at least a portion of said optical cavity, wherein said at least one second reflective surface is adjustable so as to adjust an orientation of said at least one second reflective surface relative to said housing;
wherein said at least one first reflective surface is positioned so as to receive a target image through said incoming image aperture and reflect said target image to said at least one second reflective surface, and wherein said at least one second reflective surface is positioned so as to receive said target image from said at least one first reflective surface and reflect said target image through said outgoing image aperture; and
wherein adjustment of said at least one first reflective surface and/or said at least one second reflective surface adjusts an angle at which said target image is reflected through said outgoing image aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,989,496

SECURABLE CONTAINER WITH LOCKABLE MOUNT SYSTEM

1. A securable container with lockable mount system, comprising:a container comprising:
a container having an opening and an enclosed interior volume, said container having a closed state and an open state;
wherein said open state allows access to said enclosed interior volume through said opening, and wherein said closed state prevents access to said enclosed interior volume, and wherein, in said closed state, said enclosed interior volume is able to completely enclose a firearm;
a retractable cover disposed in said container, said retractable cover operable to be motivated along a track formed in at least one interior surface of said enclosed interior volume, wherein when said retractable cover is not retracted the container is in said closed state wherein said retractable cover at least partially occludes said opening, and when said retractable cover is retracted the container is in said open state;
wherein said retractable cover comprises a flexible structure and is subjected to an opening force tending to motivate said retractable cover along said track into said open state;
a cover latch operable to latch said retractable cover in said closed state;
a button for unlatching said latch, allowing said retractable cover to be motivated into said open state by said opening force;
wherein said retractable cover is able to be returned to said closed state and latched there;
a receiving structure for receiving the barrel of a firearm, said receiving structure disposed within said enclosed interior volume; said receiving structure subjected to an expanding force between said receiving structure and an interior surface of said enclosed interior volume, said expanding force directed towards said container opening;
a receiving structure latch having a latched and an unlatched state, said receiving structure latch preventing motivation of said receiving structure towards said opening when disposed in said latched state, and allowing motivation of said receiving structure towards said opening when disposed in said unlatched state, said receiving structure latch biased into said latched state by a biasing force, and said receiving structure latch further comprising a striking surface;
wherein when said receiving structure latch is motivated against said biasing force such that said receiving structure latch transitions to said unlatched state when said retractable cover operates on said striking surface as said retractable cover is motivated into said open position by operation of said opening force, allowing said receiving structure to be motivated toward said opening by said expanding force so that a handle of a handgun disposed on said receiving structure protrudes at least partially through said opening.

US Pat. No. 10,989,493

TOY GUN WITH SIMULATED SHAKING BULLET CHAIN

VEGA FORCE INTERNATIONAL ...

1. A toy gun with a simulated shaking bullet chain, the toy gun comprising:a gun body;
a bolt, movably arranged on the gun body;
an actuator assembly, comprising a swing member and an elastic member, the swing member pivotally attached to the gun body and disposed on one side of the bolt, the elastic member fixed on the gun body and elastically abutting against the swing member, the swing member comprising an actuating portion and a swing portion disposed respectively on two ends thereof; and
a bullet chain, mounted on one side of the gun body and comprising a plurality of bullets and a belt connected to each of the plurality of bullets, one of the plurality of bullets connected to the swing portion;
wherein when the bolt moves forwardly and backwardly on the gun body, the bolt strikes the actuation portion, and the swing member is restored to an original position via an elastic deformation of the elastic member, and the swing portion drives the bullet chain to shake.

US Pat. No. 10,989,487

HEAT EXCHANGER

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a plurality of parallel tubes for conveying a first fluid, said plurality of parallel tubes comprising a plurality of sidewalls;
a pair of header plates, each having a plurality of openings into which respective ends of the tubes are inserted in a fluid-tight manner;
a jacket connected to the header plates in a fluid-tight manner and defining with the header plates an inner volume for receiving a second fluid, said tubes being placed within said inner volume; and
a fluid channel joined to a wall of the jacket, said fluid channel being in fluid communication with said inner volume through an opening formed through said wall, wherein said wall is, on an opposite side relative to the fluid channel, joined to said plurality of sidewalls,
wherein said wall of the jacket comprises a plurality of tube covering extensions extending between opposite edges of said opening and defining a plurality of slots alternating with the tube covering extensions, each tube covering extension being joined to a respective sidewall of the plurality of sidewalls and to a respective tube of said plurality of parallel tubes.

US Pat. No. 10,989,486

HEAT TRANSFER PLATE AND PLATE HEAT EXCHANGER COMPRISING A PLURALITY OF SUCH HEAT TRANSFER PLATES

ALFA LAVAL CORPORATE AB, ...

19. A heat transfer plate having opposite ends and a longitudinal centre axis that intersects the opposite ends of the heat transfer plates, the heat transfer plate defining a top plane, a bottom plane and a central extension plane extending half way between the top and bottom planes, the central extension plane extending parallel to the longitudinal centre axis, the heat transfer plate comprising a heat transfer area comprising a heat transfer pattern of alternately arranged ridges and valleys in relation to the central extension plane, first and second adjacent ones of the ridges being straight ridges that are straight as seen in plan view of the heat transfer plate and that extend obliquely in relation to the longitudinal centre axis of the heat transfer plate as seen in the plan view of the heat transfer plate, the first ridge comprising a first top portion and the second ridge comprising a second top portion, first and second adjacent ones of the valleys being straight valleys that are straight as seen in the plan view of the heat transfer plate and that extend obliquely in relation to the longitudinal centre axis of the heat transfer plate as seen in the plan view of the heat transfer plate, the first valley comprising a first bottom portion and the second valley comprising a second bottom portion, the first valley being arranged between the first and second ridges and the second ridge being arranged between the first and second valleys, the first bottom portion of the first valley being connected to the first top portion of the first ridge by a first flank and to the second top portion of the second ridge by a second flank, and the second top portion of the second ridge being connected to the second bottom portion of the second valley by a third flank, the first and second top portions extending in the top plane and the first and second bottom portions extending in the bottom plane, one of the first, second and third flanks comprising a shoulder extending in a shoulder plane which is displaced from the central extension plane, and, with reference to a cross section through, and perpendicular to a longitudinal extension of, the first and second ridges and the first and second valleys, a first area enclosed by the heat transfer plate and a first shortest imaginary straight line extending from the first to the second top portion of the first ridge and the second ridge, respectively, is different from a second area enclosed by the heat transfer plate and a second shortest imaginary straight line extending from the first to the second bottom portion of the first valley and the second valley, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,989,484

ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION FACILITY INCLUDING HEAT STORAGE

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA REC...

1. An installation for generating electricity from a driving external heat source having one or more of intermittent availability and variability in one or more of thermal power, temperature, economic value, the driving external heat source being a heat generating device to dissociate generation of electricity from use of said driving external heat source over time, the installation comprising:a thermochemical storage device coupled to a power cycle chosen from a plurality of steam cycles, the thermochemical storage device comprising
a reactor in which a reversible sorption process takes place,
an evaporator, and
a condenser,
at least one of the reactor, the evaporator, and the condenser of the thermochemical storage device being coupled by mass as a vapor exchange, or mass as a vapor exchange and thermally as a heat transfer to at least one element of said power cycle,
wherein the thermochemical storage device and the power cycle operate with a same working fluid, the power cycle serving as a source or a sink of reactive gas for the thermochemical storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,989,481

HEAT EXCHANGER AND HEAT EXCHANGE SYSTEM

MODINE MANUFACTURING COMP...

1. A heat exchanger comprising:a core having a plurality of stacked plates, flow channels for a fluid arranged between the stacked plates;
a first manifold at least partially defined by first aligned apertures located in a first corner of at least some of the stacked plates, the first manifold being in fluid communication with a least some of the flow channels;
a second manifold at least partially defined by second aligned apertures located in a second corner of the stacked plates, the second manifold being in fluid communication with the flow channels;
a first inlet port and a first outlet port arranged at a first end of the heat exchanger;
a second inlet port and a second outlet port arranged at a second end of the heat exchanger opposite the first end;
a first fluid flow path extending through the heat exchanger between the first inlet port and the second outlet port, the first fluid flow path including the flow channels, the first manifold, and the second manifold;
a second fluid flow path extending through the heat exchanger between the second inlet port and the first outlet port, the first and the second fluid flow paths being fluidly isolated from one another within the heat exchanger;
a jumper tube extending through the second aligned apertures in the second corner of the stacked plates, wherein the second fluid flow path extends through the jumper tube;
a third manifold at least partially defined by third aligned apertures located in the first corner of at least some of the stacked plates, the third manifold being in fluid communication with a least some of the flow channels, the first fluid flow path extending through the third manifold, the first manifold and the third manifold being fluidly connected to each other along the first fluid flow path by way of the flow channels and the second manifold;
a flange plate arranged at the first end, the first inlet port and the first outlet port being provided in the flange plate;
a channel plate arranged between and joined to the flange plate and the plurality of stacked plates;
a first channel arranged within the channel plate and extending between the first inlet port and a location corresponding to the first corner of the plates, the first channel being in fluid communication with the first manifold and the first inlet port so that the first fluid flow paths extends through the first channel; and
a second channel arranged within the channel plate and extending between a location corresponding to the second corner of the plates and the first outlet port, the second channel being in fluid communication with the jumper tube so that the second fluid flow path extends through the second channel.

US Pat. No. 10,989,477

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONDUCTING HOT WORK

Safezone Safety Systems, ...

1. A method of detecting a combustible gas entering an enclosure by detecting a pressure drop in the atmosphere within the enclosure comprising:a. transferring air from an exterior of the enclosure to an interior of the enclosure;
b. detecting a level of combustible gas in or near to a source of the air transferred from the exterior of the enclosure to the interior of the enclosure;
c. stopping said transferring of air from the exterior of the enclosure to the interior of the enclosure in response to said detecting a level of combustible gas; and
d. detecting a pressure drop in the atmosphere within the enclosure so as to detect a combustible gas entering the enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,989,472

METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR FLUID COOLING OF TONER DRYER

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A toner drying apparatus comprising:a toner drying chamber including one or more curved inner radius portions;
one or more drying gas inlets operatively connected to the toner drying chamber adapted to provide drying gas at a first temperature into the toner drying chamber and generate a circulating flow of chamber gas within the toner drying chamber;
a toner feed inlet operatively connected to the toner drying chamber, the toner feed inlet adapted to feed wet toner particles into the circulating flow of chamber gas;
one or more cooling fluid inlets operatively connected to the toner drying chamber adapted to provide cooling fluid at a second temperature less than the drying gas first temperature circulating flow of the chamber gas within the toner drying chamber;
a toner outlet operatively connected to the toner drying chamber, the toner outlet adapted to direct an exiting stream of the chamber gas from the drying chamber generating exiting forces on dry toner particles in the circulating flow of chamber gas thereby transporting the dry toner particles from the toner drying chamber; and
a controller operatively associated with the one or more drying gas inlets and the one or more cooling fluid inlets, the controller configured to control one or both of a flow rate and the second temperature of the cooling fluid provided into the toner drying chamber, thereby effecting a change in a temperature of the circulating flow of the chamber gas within the toner drying chamber,
wherein the controller is configured to switch from a drying mode to a false load mode by injecting cooling fluid operating as a false load into the circulating flow of chamber gas as a feed rate of the wet toner particles ramps down.

US Pat. No. 10,989,468

RAPID COOLING DOCK

1. A refrigerator defining a compartment, producing chilled air encased within the compartment, and adapted for accelerating the cooling of a first standard beverage can comprising a continuous sidewall, wherein the air presents an average temperature, the sidewall presents an outside surface area, and the can and the air cooperatively produce a first heat transfer rate from the can and to the air when the can is placed within the air, said refrigerator comprising:a fixture internal to the compartment;
a rapid cooling dock fixedly coupled to the fixture, and adapted for use within the air,
said dock presenting at least one body having a first discontinuous surface, said first surface defining a first receptacle, said receptacle being open, so as to enable the lateral placement and removal of the can, and said receptacle being cooperatively configured with the sidewall to present a contact surface area of engagement with at least five percent of the outside surface area when the can is placed within the receptacle,
said at least one body presenting a mass, density, and thermal conductivity operable to cause heat transfer from the can and to said at least one body at a second heat transfer rate greater than the first heat transfer rate when the can is placed within the receptacle and said at least one body is at the average temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,989,467

MODULAR RETROFIT QUENCH UNIT

Blue Quench LLC, Miramar...

1. A chest for quenching beverages, including:a tank to hold a chilled liquid coolant;
at least one quench tray disposed proximate the tank for holding containers of beverages, the at least one quench tray being configured to be filled with the liquid coolant by way of a conduit in fluid communication with the tank, the at least one quench tray including a compartment defined by a bottom and a plurality of walls, the at least one quench tray defining therein a plurality of rows for aligning and containing a plurality of beverage containers, the at least one quench tray further including at least one drain orifice configured to guide the liquid coolant out of the at least one quench tray; and
at least one pump to direct the chilled liquid coolant into the at least one quench tray, wherein the at least one quench tray includes a pull out drawer mounted on a track, and further wherein the pull out drawer is adapted and configured to evacuate the liquid coolant contained therein when the drawer is pulled outwardly from a retracted position when the chilled liquid coolant is no longer being directed into the at least one quench tray by the at least one pump.

US Pat. No. 10,989,464

SYSTEM, METHOD, AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING REFRIGERATION UNITS

1. A system for monitoring and reporting internal refrigeration unit temperatures, the system comprising:a temperature measuring device for placement within a refrigeration unit, the temperature measuring device housed within an enclosure and having a first temperature sensors situated in a solid or liquid mass for measuring a buffered temperature within the refrigeration unit and the temperature measuring device having a second temperature sensors interfaced to ambient air within the refrigeration unit, the second temperature sensor for measuring an instantaneous temperature within the refrigeration unit;
means for periodically transmitting the buffered temperature and the instantaneous temperature from the temperature measuring device;
means for receiving and analyzing the buffered temperature and the instantaneous temperature located outside of the refrigeration unit;
means for determining and/or predicting a fault, the means for determining and/or predicting the fault located external to the refrigeration unit; and
means for sending an alert to a remote device responsive to the fault detected by the means for determining and/or predicting the fault.

US Pat. No. 10,989,461

STRUCTURAL FORMATIONS INCORPORATED WITHIN A VACUUM INSULATED STRUCTURE

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A method of forming a structural cabinet for an appliance, the method comprising steps of:stamping a plurality of wrapper structural reinforcements within a plurality of wrapper panels of an outer wrapper, the wrapper structural reinforcements being obliquely angled with respect to each wrapper panel of the plurality of wrapper panels, and wherein the wrapper structural reinforcements are a consistent, consecutive, and repeating pattern of at least three wrapper structural reinforcements that are visible on each side of the plurality of wrapper panels, and wherein the wrapper structural reinforcements extend continuously and a substantial majority of a distance between a front edge and a back edge of each wrapper panel of the plurality of wrapper panels, and wherein the wrapper structural reinforcements have a relief thickness in a range of from approximately 1 millimeter to approximately 10 millimeters;
stamping a plurality of liner structural reinforcements within an inner liner;
attaching the outer wrapper to the inner liner to define an insulating cavity therebetween with the wrapper and liner structural reinforcements extending from the outer wrapper and the inner liner, respectively, into the insulating cavity, the wrapper and liner structural reinforcements being free of contact with one another and spaced apart from one another by a cavity space;
disposing an insulating material within the insulating cavity, the insulating material filling the cavity space, wherein the insulating cavity is free of additional structural reinforcements that interrupt portions of the insulating material;
expressing gas from the insulating cavity to define an at least partial vacuum within the insulating cavity;
wherein the at least partial vacuum generates an inward compressive force exerted against the inner liner and the outer wrapper toward the insulating cavity; and
sealing the insulating cavity, wherein the wrapper and liner structural reinforcements are positioned to oppose the inward compressive force and maintain the outer wrapper and the inner liner at a substantially consistent distance to maintain a volume of the cavity space between the wrapper and liner structural reinforcements.

US Pat. No. 10,989,460

TEMPERATURE CONTROLLED PRODUCT SHIPPER

Packaging Technology Grou...

1. A temperature-controlled shipper for shipping temperature sensitive products, said temperature controlled shipper comprising:a product box having an upper surface, a lower surface, and at least one intermediate surface extending between the upper surface and lower surface;
an outer box, said product box being received within said outer box;
a phase change material (PCM) bladder being disposed over the top surface of the product box and received within a cavity defined between the at least one intermediate surface of said product box and an inner surface of said outer box,
said PCM bladder being configured and arranged to receive a flowable phase change material, in an interior bladder chamber, said flowable phase change material being preconditioned at a predetermined temperature,
wherein the PCM bladder is constructed from two symmetrical sheets which are overlaid in substantially coextensive adjacent relation and sealed around an entire peripheral edge to form the interior bladder chamber; and
wherein said PCM bladder is formed in the shape of a cross having a central body portion, disposed above the upper surface of the product box, and further having at least one appendage portion.

US Pat. No. 10,989,458

COLD STORAGE UNIT, MOVING BODY, ICE SLURRY SUPPLY SYSTEM, COLD STORAGE ARTICLE TRANSPORT SYSTEM, COLD STORAGE METHOD FOR COLD STORAGE ARTICLE, AND TRANSPORT METHOD FOR COLD STORAGE ARTICLE

BLANCTEC CO., LTD., Toky...

1. A cold storage unit comprisinga casing that defines a cold storage space has a heat insulating structure, a partition wall that faces the casing is provided at least at a top portion of the cold storage space, and
a gap between the casing and the partition wall is filled with an ice slurry that is a mixture of brine and flake ice acquired by freezing the brine,
wherein the ice slurry satisfies following conditions (a) and (b):
(a) a temperature upon complete melting of the ice is lower than 0° C., and
(b) a rate of change in solute concentration of an aqueous solution to be generated from the ice in melting process is 30% or less.

US Pat. No. 10,989,457

ACCUMULATOR

Fujikoki Corporation, To...

1. An accumulator comprising:a tank having an inlet port and an outlet port;
a gas-liquid separation accelerating plate arranged in the tank so that a refrigerant that has flowed into the tank via the inlet port collides with the gas-liquid separation accelerating plate; and
an outlet pipe coupled at one end to the outlet port and opening at another end inside the tank,
wherein:
the inlet port is disposed in a lower portion of the tank,
the gas-liquid separation accelerating plate is disposed above the inlet port inside the tank so that the gas-liquid separation accelerating plate is opposite the inlet port, and
the gas-liquid separation accelerating plate is integrally formed with a strainer, the strainer being disposed at a lower end of the outlet pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,989,449

MAGNETO-CALORIC THERMAL DIODE ASSEMBLY WITH RADIAL SUPPORTS

Haier US Appliance Soluti...

1. A magneto-caloric thermal diode assembly, comprising:a magneto-caloric cylinder;
a plurality of thermal stages stacked along an axial direction between a cold side and a hot side, each of the plurality of thermal stages comprises a plurality of magnets and a non-magnetic ring, the plurality of magnets distributed along a circumferential direction within the non-magnetic ring in each of the plurality of thermal stages; and
a plurality of supports positioned within the plurality of thermal stages, the plurality of supports distributed along the axial direction, the plurality of supports contacting the magneto-caloric cylinder such that the plurality of supports limit deflection of the magneto-caloric cylinder along a radial direction,
wherein the plurality of thermal stages and the magneto-caloric cylinder are configured for relative rotation between the plurality of thermal stages and the magneto-caloric cylinder, and
wherein the magneto-caloric cylinder comprises a plurality of magneto-caloric stages and a plurality of insulation blocks, the plurality of magneto-caloric stages and the plurality of insulation blocks distributed sequentially along the axial direction in the order of magneto-caloric stage then insulation block within the magneto-caloric cylinder.

US Pat. No. 10,989,447

REFRIGERATION CYCLE DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A refrigeration cycle device comprising:a compressor configured to draw a refrigerant and to discharge the refrigerant after compressing the refrigerant;
a condenser configured to condense the refrigerant discharged from the compressor by heat exchange;
a first decompressor configured to decompress and expand the refrigerant flowing out of the condenser;
an outside heat exchanger configured to exchange heat between outside air and the refrigerant flowing out of the first decompressor;
a second decompressor configured to decompress and expand the refrigerant flowing out of the outside heat exchanger;
an evaporator configured to evaporate the refrigerant flowing out of the second decompressor by heat exchange;
a condenser outlet pipe through which the refrigerant flowing out of the condenser flows into the first decompressor;
an outside heat exchanger inlet pipe through which the refrigerant flowing out of the first decompressor flows into the outside heat exchanger; and
an outside heat exchanger outlet pipe through which the refrigerant flowing out of the outside heat exchanger flows into the second decompressor, wherein
a predetermined part of a refrigerant passage from the condenser to the first decompressor through which the refrigerant flows is a condenser outlet portion,
a predetermined part of a refrigerant passage from the first decompressor to the outside heat exchanger through which the refrigerant flows is an outside heat exchanger inlet portion,
a predetermined part of a refrigerant passage from the outside heat exchanger to the second decompressor through which the refrigerant flows is an outside heat exchanger outlet portion,
a volume capacity of the condenser outlet portion is larger than a volume capacity of the outside heat exchanger inlet portion,
the condenser outlet portion is the condenser outlet pipe,
the outside heat exchanger inlet portion is the outside heat exchanger inlet pipe,
the outside heat exchanger outlet portion is the outside heat exchanger outlet pipe,
the outside heat exchanger includes
a heat exchange portion configured to exchange heat of the refrigerant,
an outside heat exchanger liquid reservoir configured to separate the refrigerant exchanging heat in the heat exchange portion into a gas refrigerant and a liquid refrigerant and to store an excess amount of the refrigerant, and
an outside heat exchanger subcooling portion configured to subcool the liquid refrigerant flowing out of the outside heat exchanger liquid reservoir, and
the outside heat exchanger outlet pipe includes
a subcooling portion outlet pipe through which the liquid refrigerant subcooled in the outside heat exchanger subcooling portion flows into the second decompressor, and
a subcooling portion bypass pipe through which the refrigerant flowing out of the outside heat exchanger liquid reservoir bypasses the outside heat exchanger subcooling portion and flows into the second decompressor.

US Pat. No. 10,989,446

COOLING DEVICE INTENDED TO EQUIP AN INFRARED VISION DEVICE WITH A DEFORMABLE ELEMENT

1. The cooling device comprising:a casing,
a crank movable in rotation relative to the casing,
a piston,
a coupling member mounted in rotation on the crank, the coupling member having a first edge facing the piston and a second edge opposite the first edge,
a deformable element embedded in the coupling member and embedded in the piston, the deformable element being configured to move the piston in translation relative to the casing while deforming, when the crank is rotated relative to the casing,
the cooling device characterized in that the deformable element is embedded in the second edge of the coupling member, and in that the deformable element comprises:
a first portion extending along the second edge of the member parallel to an axis of rotation of the crank,
a second portion (98) lengthening the first portion and extending toward the piston,
a third portion lengthening the second portion and extending parallel to the axis of rotation of the crank, so that the three portions form a U overlapping the coupling member.

US Pat. No. 10,989,443

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR OBTAINING ENERGY IN SHADOWED REGIONS

Trans Astronautica Corpor...

1. A system for illuminating permanently-shadowed surface regions of a celestial body, the system comprising:at least one reflector configured to direct sunlight to at least one receiving zone in a permanently-shadowed surface region of the celestial body that is not illuminated when sunlight illuminates the at least one reflector;
a tower between 500 and 1000 meters tall having at least one foot at its base that is positioned in the permanently-shadowed surface region and configured to support the at least one reflector and position the at least one reflector in an upper, less shadowed portion of the tower to receive sunlight;
a heliostat device comprising a thin film heliostat weighing less than one third the weight of the tower and configured to adjust orientation of the at least one reflector supported in an upper section of the tower by rotating, thereby tracking the apparent position of the Sun as seen from the upper, less shadowed portion of the tower such that the at least one reflector consistently directs available sunlight to the receiving zone;
at least one converter in the at least one receiving zone, the converter configured to receive sunlight from the at least one reflector and convert the sunlight into another form of energy comprising electrical energy using at least one photovoltaic device; and
an energy distribution system linked to the converter and configured to convey energy from the converter to locations within the permanently-shadowed surface region,
wherein the tower further comprises signal transmission regions configured to facilitate transmission of communication signals via the tower, the regions incorporating thin members configured to avoid obscuring sunlight available to reflect toward the receiving zone and improve the function of the transmission regions of the tower,
wherein the tower comprises a tensegrity structure having both rigid members and non-rigid tensile components.

US Pat. No. 10,989,442

HEATING AND HOT WATER SUPPLY DEVICE

NORITZ CORPORATION, Hyog...

1. A heating and hot water supply device, comprising a combustion means, a main heat exchanger, a circulation passage connected to said main heat exchanger and a heating apparatus, a circulation pump provided in the circulation passage, a first bypass passage that branches off from the circulation passage and bypasses the heating apparatus, a heat exchanger for hot water supply provided in the first bypass passage, and a hot water supply passage for supplying cold water to the heat exchanger for hot water supply, and for supplying hot water heated by the heat exchanger for hot water supply, wherein:a distribution means is provided at a branching portion of the first bypass passage, and the distribution means is capable of adjusting a distribution ratio so that heating operation, or hot water supply operation, or simultaneous heating operation and hot water supply operation become possible;
a second bypass passage that bypasses the heat exchanger for hot water supply is provided in the hot water supply passage, wherein a flow rate adjustment means is provided at a branching portion of the second bypass passage, and the flow rate adjustment means is capable of adjusting a distribution ratio between the heat exchanger for hot water supply and the second bypass passage and distributing cold water; and
an output hot water temperature sensor is provided between a location where the hot water supply passage and the second bypass passage join together and the heat exchanger for hot water supply, the output hot water temperature sensor detects a temperature of the hot water outputted from the heat exchanger for hot water supply,
a hot water supply temperature sensor is provided downstream of a location where the hot water supply passage and the second bypass passage join together, the hot water supply temperature sensor detects a temperature of a mixture hot water that results from mixing together of the hot water to which heat has been applied by the heat exchanger for hot water supply and the cold water flowing through the second bypass passage,
the flowrate adjustment means adjusts a distribution ratio of cold water distribution based on the temperatures detected by the output hot water temperature sensor and the hot water supply temperature sensor, and
the heat exchanger for hot water supply is constituted with a plate type heat exchanger, with a pair of connection portions of the first bypass passage and a pair of connection portions of the hot water supply passage being disposed on one side portion thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,989,435

ADAPTER FOR DIFFUSER AND DUCT CONNECTION

Cardinal IP Holding, LLC,...

1. An adapter for connecting a duct and a diffuser, comprising:a base configured to be coupled to the diffuser and having a central opening;
a radially inner collar directly coupled to the base and extending circumferentially about a longitudinal axis of the central opening, wherein the radially inner collar comprises a first axial height extending from the base;
a radially intermediate collar directly coupled to the base, extending circumferentially about the longitudinal axis, and disposed radially outward from the radially inner collar, wherein the radially intermediate collar comprises a second axial height extending from the base, and wherein the second axial height is less than the first axial height; and
a radially outer collar directly coupled to the base, extending circumferentially about the longitudinal axis, and disposed radially outward from the radially intermediate collar, wherein the radially outer collar comprises a third axial height extending from the base, and wherein the third axial height is less than the second axial height and the first axial height, wherein the base comprises a radial portion extending between the radially inner collar and the radially intermediate collar, wherein the radial portion is configured to be removable from the adapter; and an additional radial portion extending between the radially intermediate collar and the radially outer collar, wherein the additional radial portion is configured to be removable from the adapter.

US Pat. No. 10,989,434

REMOVABLE ENERGY RECOVERY WHEEL ASSEMBLY FOR AN HVAC SYSTEM

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A heating, ventilation, and/or air conditioning (HVAC) system, comprising:an enclosure divided by a partition extending between a first panel and a second panel of the enclosure such that the partition defines an outdoor air flow path and a return air flow path through the enclosure, wherein the partition includes an opening extending between the outdoor air flow path and the return air flow path;
support rails extending through the opening;
an energy recovery wheel extending between the support rails and positioned within the outdoor air flow path and the return air flow path, wherein the energy recovery wheel is disposed within the enclosure at an oblique angle relative to the outdoor air flow path and the return air flow path; and
bypass dampers extending between the support rails and positioned along respective widths of the support rails, wherein the energy recovery wheel is translatably coupled to the support rails and configured to translate along the support rails through the opening and relative to the bypass dampers.

US Pat. No. 10,989,431

ACTUATOR SLIPPAGE SENSOR

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. A slippage detector for detecting a slippage between a rotatable output of an actuator and a rotatable input shaft of a building component, the slippage detector comprising:a body, separate from the actuator, that houses a motion sensor, a transmitter and electronics;
a securement configured to secure the body to a rotatable input shaft of a building component so that, once secured, the body rotates with the rotatable input shaft of the building component;
the motion sensor configured to detect rotation of the body, and thus rotation of the rotatable input shaft of the building component when the body is secured to the rotatable input shaft of the building component via the securement;
the electronics operatively coupled to the motion sensor for receiving a motion sensor output signal from the motion sensor that is representative of rotation of the body; and
the transmitter operatively coupled to the electronics for transmitting an output signal that is representative of rotation of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,989,430

AIR CONDITIONER AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN AIR CONDITIONER

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. An air conditioner, comprising:a plurality of units including an outdoor unit and an indoor unit, the plurality of units being distributed at a plurality of levels in a building;
a controller configured to monitor and control the plurality of units, wherein the controller and the plurality of units include a communication unit configured to transmit/receive data in a wireless communication scheme, respectively, and wherein one of the plurality of units is configured as a master node, and remaining units except for the unit configured as the master node are configured as slave nodes,
wherein the master node stores information on all the units in a routing table, and the slave nodes store information on a parent node and a child node in a routing table to transmit data, when the master node transmits a first data to a second slave node, as a target node among the slave nodes, in a broadcast scheme, and a first slave node, among the slave nodes, receives the first data from the master node:
the first slave node transmits the first data to a parent node of the first slave node in a unicast scheme when the second slave node is the parent node of the first slave node,
the first slave node transmits the first data to a child node of the first slave node in the unicast scheme when the second slave node is the child node of the first slave node, and
the first slave node transmits the first data in a broadcast scheme when the second slave node is not the child node or the parent node of the first slave node,
when the first slave node receives a second data from the child node of the first slave node, the first slave node transmits the second data to the parent node of the first slave node in the unicast scheme regardless of whether a target node is the parent node, wherein the target node of the second data is the master node,
wherein the slave nodes store only information of the parent node and the child node without storing information of other nodes in a routing table,
wherein when data is not received for a first predetermined time or longer, the first slave node determines communication failure to output an error,
wherein when the communication failure occurs, the second slave node waits for a second predetermined time to turn-off power and restart,
wherein after the second slave node restarts, the second slave node restarts communication, and
wherein when the communication failure occurs, a new path for transmitting data is not searched by the mater node or the slave node.

US Pat. No. 10,989,429

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Daikin Industries, Ltd., ...

1. An air conditioning system comprising:an outdoor-air conditioner including an outdoor-air conditioning unit and a heat transfer medium adjusting unit that adjusts a state of a heat transfer medium flowing in the outdoor-air conditioning unit, the outdoor-air conditioner sucking outdoor-air and supplying the outdoor-air as supply air from the outdoor-air conditioning unit to perform air conditioning of a target space;
an indoor-air conditioner including a plurality of indoor units and a refrigerant adjusting unit that adjusts a state of a refrigerant flowing in the indoor units, the indoor-air conditioner cooling or heating indoor-air that is air inside the target space by using the indoor units and supplying the air to the target space to perform air conditioning of the target space; and
a control unit that controls operations of the outdoor-air conditioner and the indoor-air conditioner,
wherein the outdoor-air conditioning unit includes a first fan and an outdoor-air conditioner heat exchanger, the first fan operating to suck the outdoor-air and to send the supply air to the target space, the outdoor-air conditioner heat exchanger causing heat exchange between the outdoor-air sucked by the first fan and the heat transfer medium,
wherein each of the indoor units includes a second fan and an indoor-air conditioner heat exchanger, the second fan operating to suck the indoor-air and to send the air to the target space, the indoor-air conditioner heat exchanger causing heat exchange between the indoor-air sucked by the second fan and the refrigerant,
wherein the control unit performs cooperative load control in which an operating capacity of the outdoor-air conditioner and an operating capacity of the indoor-air conditioner are controlled in cooperation in accordance with a status of the outdoor-air, a status of the indoor-air, an operation status of the outdoor-air conditioner, and/or an operation status of the indoor-air conditioner and controls, in the cooperative load control, at least one of a parameter of the outdoor-air conditioner and a parameter of the indoor-air conditioner such that a temperature or humidity of the indoor-air approaches a set value and also a total amount of power consumption of the outdoor-air conditioner and power consumption of the indoor-air conditioner is reduced, and
the control unit performs the cooperative load control such that a target evaporation temperature of the refrigerant in the indoor-air conditioner heat exchanger and a target supply air temperature are in negative correlation.

US Pat. No. 10,989,428

PERFORMANCE DIAGNOSIS DEVICE AND PERFORMANCE DIAGNOSIS METHOD FOR AIR CONDITIONER

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A performance diagnosis device for an air conditioner, the device comprising:a data collection unit configured to collect and record operation data on the air conditioner;
an equipment characteristic database that is a data group covering operation conditions meeting specifications of the air conditioner;
a reference data creation unit configured to receive evaluation parameters from an input unit and normal data of operation of the air conditioner during an initial period of operation of the air conditioner from the data collection unit, and calculate individual characteristic curved surface data of a performance of the air conditioner, in a state in which the operation of the air conditioner is not deteriorated in an entire presumed operation range, based on the operation data and the operation conditions; and
a performance evaluation unit configured to compare part of the operation data possessed by the data collection unit with the individual characteristic curved surface data to evaluate the performance of the air conditioner,
wherein the individual characteristic curved surface data is corrected with respect to the equipment characteristic database so as to correspond to the operation data possessed by the data collection unit.

US Pat. No. 10,989,418

COOKING APPLIANCE

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A cooking appliance comprising:a case that defines a cavity for a cooking space;
a top plate that is disposed above the cavity and that is configured to define an external appearance of a top side of the cooking appliance;
a control panel that is disposed at a front upper position of the cavity and that is configured to define an external appearance of a front side of the cooking appliance, the control panel having a knob for user operation; and
a door that is disposed below the control panel and that is configured to define, along with the control panel, the external appearance of the front side of the cooking appliance, the door being configured to open or close the cavity,
wherein the control panel includes an air passage that is defined in a lower surface of the control panel, that receives air from the door, and that introduces received air into an interior space of the control panel, and
wherein the control panel includes a rear opening that is configured to allow communication between the interior space of the control panel and an interior space of the cooking appliance that is defined between the top plate and the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,989,416

DAMPER FOR KITCHEN EXHAUST HOOD

Spring Air Systems Inc., ...

1. A damper assembly for use with an exhaust port formed in an upper wall of a kitchen exhaust hood to control the egress of exhaust gasses from said exhaust hood through said exhaust port, the damper assembly comprising: a mounting plate having a central opening passing therethrough, said mounting plate being removably attachable to the underside of said upper wall in sealed relationship thereto, with said central opening in fluid communication with said exhaust port; a damper plate mounted on the mounting plate for selective pivotal movement about a pivot axis in a first rotational direction between a first limit position whereat the damper plate is fully removed from occluding the central opening so as to permit the free flow of said exhaust gasses through said exhaust port towards a second limit position whereat the damper plate occludes the central opening to substantially restrict the flow of exhaust gas through said exhaust port, and in an opposite second rotational direction from said second limit position towards said first limit position; a drive housing uniformly formed with the mounting plate, wherein said drive housing depends at least partially downwardly from said mounting plate; a drive shaft extending from said drive housing for operative connection to said damper plate to drive said pivotal movement thereof in said first and second rotational directions upon respective bi-directional rotation thereof; and a damper actuator mounted in the drive housing to cause said bi-directional rotation of the drive shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,989,412

HEAT SHIELD ASSEMBLY OF A COMBUSTION CHAMBER HAVING A DISK SPRING SET

1. A heat shield assembly of a combustion chamber, comprising:a support structure,
at least one heat shield element which is arranged on the support structure, which heat shield element comprises a receiving hole, and
a spring device comprising:
a receiving sleeve which is fastened in the support structure;
an abutment plate which is fixed in place to a first end of the receiving sleeve proximate the heat shield element during operation;
a locking plate is fixed to a second end of the receiving sleeve opposite the first end;
a pressure plate which is axially movable along a central axis of the receiving sleeve between the abutment plate and the locking plate;
at least one spring element which is arranged between the abutment plate and the pressure plate,
a fastening bolt, and
an inner sleeve configured to be rotated inside of and fastened inside the receiving sleeve in a removable manner,
wherein the abutment plate comprises a through-hole and the pressure plate comprises a fastening means, and
wherein the fastening bolt penetrates the heat shield element via the receiving hole and the abutment plate via the through-hole and engages the fastening means of the pressure plate,
wherein the abutment plate is fastened in the receiving sleeve in a removable manner.

US Pat. No. 10,989,406

COMPACT INWARD-FIRING PREMIX FUEL COMBUSTION SYSTEM, AND FLUID HEATING SYSTEM AND PACKAGED BURNER SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

FULTON GROUP N.A., INC., ...

1. An inward-firing combustion burner, comprising:a burner casing configured to receive a fuel-air mixture at a burner inlet and to provide hot combustion gas at a burner output;
a combustion substrate disposed within the burner casing, the substrate having a shape comprising at least a semi-cone, having a substrate angle measured from a longitudinal axis, having a substrate porosity defined by a plurality of pores, and having a substrate inner surface and a substrate outer surface;
the substrate configured to receive the fuel-air mixture at the outer surface of the substrate, the fuel-air mixture passing through the pores at a mixture flow rate from the substrate outer surface toward the substrate inner surface;
the burner configured such that, in operation, the fuel-air mixture ignites in a reaction zone near the plurality of pores to form a respective plurality of flamelets, each flamelet corresponding to one of the pores; and
wherein the porosity is set such that a flame equilibrium ratio (p) balances a force due to the fuel-air mixture passing through the pores and an opposing force due to the reaction zone, for 1