US Pat. No. 10,923,996

DC MOTOR-DYNAMO

1. A DC dynamo, comprising:a central axis;
an armature apparatus with a first side and a second side opposite to each other, comprising a body and a plurality of armature coils, and wherein the body includes a central body coupled to the central axis, a peripheral body surrounding the central body and a plurality of middle bodies for connecting the central body and the peripheral body, and the peripheral body is wound by the armature coils, and the number of the armature coils is no less than 2;
a first magnetic mechanism adjacent to the first side of the armature apparatus, comprising a first central area, a first peripheral area surrounding the first central area, wherein part or whole of the first peripheral area corresponds to the armature coils, and there is a first air gap between the first magnetic mechanism and the armature coils;
a first magnetic field generator for generating a closed-loop first magnetic field between the first magnetic mechanism and the armature apparatus, wherein the first magnetic lines of flux are flowing between the first magnetic mechanism and the armature apparatus, and almost all of the first magnetic lines of flux substantially and orthogonally pass through the first air gap between each of the armature coils and the first magnetic mechanism in the same direction to drive the armature apparatus and the first magnetic field to respectively rotate along a virtual axis along the same direction as that of the central axis; and
a pair of armature electrodes with a substantially same polarity of electromotive force electrically interconnecting the armature coils and an outer system.

US Pat. No. 10,923,995

ADHESIVE LAMINATE CORE MANUFACTURING APPARATUS AND CORE LAMINATOR THEREFOR

POSCO DAEWOO CORPORATION,...

1. A core laminator of an adhesive laminate core manufacturing apparatus for integrating laminar members to pass therethrough, thereby forming laminate cores, the core laminator comprising:a heating unit heating an adhesive interposed between the laminar members, so as to integrate the laminar members in a plurality of sheets into one body and form a laminate core;
a pinch unit having a hollow shape, rotatably provided ata lower side of the heating unit, and applying lateral pressure to the laminate core for preventing the laminate core from falling rapidly;
a squeeze unit including a cylinder rotatably provided at an upper side of the heating unit, and a squeezer having a hollow shape and fixed in the cylinder, the squeezer coaxially aligning the laminar members in a straight line from above the heating unit;
a guide for guiding movement of the laminar members within the heating unit, provided in the heating unit and rotated by the pinch unit and the squeeze unit; and
a driving unit for rotation connected to the pinch unit and the squeeze unit, so as to selectively rotate the pinch unit and the squeeze unit simultaneously at the same angle;
wherein the squeeze unit applies lateral pressure to the laminar members and squeezes the laminar members, so that the laminar members pass through inside of the squeezer in the state of interference fit into the squeezer.

US Pat. No. 10,923,994

METHOD FOR PRODUCING LAMELLAE FOR A LAMELLAE PACKAGE, IN PARTICULAR FOR ELECTRICAL MACHINES AND GENERATORS, DEVICE HAVING AT LEAST ONE PUNCH PRESS, AND LAMELLAE AND LAMELLAE PACKAGE PRODUCED ACCORDING TO THE METHOD

1. A method for producing laminations for a lamination pack, the method comprising:jet cutting an entire contour of the laminations in a metal strip, with the exception of connecting points of the laminations to the metal strip, wherein the metal strip is standing still during jet cutting;
while jet cutting said entire contour of a first one of the laminations, punching at the same time a second one of the laminations with said entire contour, previously created by jet cutting, out of the metal strip by a punching tool by separating the connecting points of the second one of the laminations from the metal strip with the punching tool to separate the second one of the laminations from the metal strip; and
stacking in a stacking station the laminations, separated from the metal strip by punching, to form the lamination pack by pushing the laminations with the punching tool into the stacking station.

US Pat. No. 10,923,993

ALIGNMENT METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRIC CONDUCTORS

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

3. An alignment apparatus for aligning electric conductors in an annular shape, the electric conductors each having a substantially U shape formed of a first leg, a second leg extending substantially in parallel with the first leg, and a folded-back portion continuous with the first leg and the second leg, the alignment apparatus comprising:a preliminary alignment mechanism configured to align the electric conductors into a plurality of arc-shaped modules being formed of the electric conductors with the folded-back portions stacked on one another;
a plurality of holders operably associated with the plurality of arc-shaped modules and configured to retain the plurality of arc-shaped modules in a state in which at least one of the first legs or the second legs thereof are supported;
a transport mechanism operatively associated with the plurality of arc-shaped modules and configured to transport the plurality of arc-shaped modules from the preliminary alignment mechanism to the plurality of holders; and
an alignment mechanism operatively associated with the transport mechanism and comprising a plurality of arm members in which the plurality of holders are disposed, wherein the plurality of arm members are configured to rotate the plurality of holders, and together therewith, rotate the plurality of arc-shaped modules, and align the electric conductors in the annular shape on a same circumference.

US Pat. No. 10,923,992

DRIVE DEVICE AND ELECTRIC POWER STEERING DEVICE USING SAME

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A drive device comprising:a motor having a first winding set and a second winding set housed together in one housing;
a first system including a first drive circuit connected to a first power supply and a first ground, the first system configured to control a power supply from the first power supply to the first winding set;
a second system including a second drive circuit connected to a second power supply and a second ground, the second system configured to control a power supply from the second power supply to the second winding set;
a substrate having the first drive circuit and the second drive circuit mounted thereon; and
an inter-system ground connection capacitor mounted on the substrate and configured to electrically connect the first ground of the first system with the second ground of the second system.

US Pat. No. 10,923,991

ELECTRIC MACHINE THERMAL MANAGEMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A temperature sensor assembly for an electric machine, comprising:an elongated housing including an anchor portion;
a temperature sensor disposed within the anchor portion;
a retention body extending from the elongated housing opposite the anchor portion and including spaced apart retention arms, wherein the retention arms include a first retention arm and a second retention arm spaced from the first retention arm to define a channel therebetween;
a wire guide extending from the retention body and extending along a retention arm away from the elongated housing; and
a lead wire extending from the temperature sensor and through the wire guide.

US Pat. No. 10,923,990

EXTERNAL UNIT AND MOTOR

MINEBEA MITSUMI INC., Na...

1. An external unit used by being mounted on a bottom part of a motor body having at least two motor terminals, comprising:a holder;
a PTC thermistor arranged on the holder;
a first terminal connected to the PTC thermistor, a part of the first terminal being exposed to an outside of the holder; and
a second terminal electrically connected to the first terminal through the PTC thermistor and electrically connected to one of the motor terminals, wherein
the PTC thermistor is disposed between the first terminal and the second terminal,
the one of the motor terminals is arranged on the bottom part side of the motor body,
the second terminal includes an engaging means,
the engaging means is engaged with an engaged part provided at the one of the motor terminals, and
the engaging means is engaged with the engaged part, thereby the second terminal is electrically connected to the motor terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,923,989

BRUSHLESS MOTOR FOR A POWER TOOL

1. A power tool comprising:a housing;
a Brushless Direct-Current (BLDC) motor housed inside the housing, the motor comprising:
a stator having a plurality of windings;
a rotor pivotably arranged inside the stator, the rotor having a rotor shaft, a rotor lamination stack mounted on the rotor shaft to rotate therewith, and at least one magnet;
a bearing mounted on the rotor shaft to support the rotor shaft; and
a circuit board mount including a main body disposed adjacent the stator perpendicularly to a longitudinal axis of the rotor shaft and a bearing support member extending axially from the main body of the circuit board mount around the longitudinal axis of the rotor shaft and arranged to support the bearing therein; and
a circuit board mounted on the circuit board mount and supporting a plurality of hall sensors with respect to the rotor, the plurality of hall sensors arranged around a circumference of the bearing support to magnetically sense the at least one magnet,
wherein the main body of the circuit board mount forms a first radial plane, the circuit board forms a second radial plane, and rear ends of the stator windings adjacent the mounting structure form a third radial place, and
wherein the first radial plane intersects a first portion of the bearing and the second radial plane intersects a second portion of the bearing, but the third radial plane does not intersect any portion of the bearing.

US Pat. No. 10,923,987

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM WITH CYCLOIDAL ELECTRIC MACHINE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An electrical system comprising:a cycloidal electric machine having a stator and a balanced rotor, the stator and the rotor having a respective stator axis and rotor axis, wherein the balanced rotor is eccentrically positioned with respect to the stator axis, radially within the stator, such that the balanced rotor moves with two degrees of freedom (2DOF), and wherein the 2DOF includes rotating motion about the rotor axis and orbiting motion about the stator axis; and
a rotor constraint mechanism (RCM) configured to constrain motion of the balanced rotor, such that the balanced rotor is able to generate and transmit output torque to a coupled load in at least one of the 2DOF.

US Pat. No. 10,923,986

MAGNETIC ANTI-LOCK DEVICE

1. An anti-lock device for a rotating shaft comprising:at least one inner magnet attached to the rotating shaft;
at least one outer magnet held in a fixed position relative to the rotating shaft;
wherein like poles of the at least one inner magnet and the at least one outer magnet are positioned so that when each of the at least one inner magnet passes by each of the at least one outer magnet on each revolution of the rotating shaft a repulsive force exists between the each of the at least one inner magnet and the at least one outer magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,923,985

WIPER MOTOR AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF A WIPER MOTOR

1. A wiper motor, comprising:a shaft that extends in a longitudinal direction and that drives a wiper arm at one end, another end of the shaft being arranged in a gear housing,
wherein the shaft projects through an opening of the gear housing and in a region of the opening, the shaft is mounted radially in a bore in a sleeve-shaped element,
wherein the sleeve-shaped element is fixed axially in the region of the gear housing, and
whereby the sleeve-shaped element has two different cross-sections, a first cross-section which protrudes axially through the opening and a second cross-section which is axially fixed within said opening or within a receiving space of said gear housing,
wherein an elastically deforming compensating element is located directly between a portion of the sleeve-shaped element and a portion of the gear housing in the longitudinal direction, whereby the compensating element compensates an axial play located in the longitudinal direction of the sleeve-shaped element between the sleeve-shaped element and the gear housing,
wherein the elastically deforming compensating element prevents direct contact between the sleeve-shaped element and the gear housing in the longitudinal direction while maintaining contact in a radial direction,
wherein the opening is formed by a part of the receiving space of the gear housing on the side of the sleeve-shaped element located towards the second cross-section, and
wherein the receiving space has a fastening area for the second cross-section of the sleeve-shaped element, and the fastening area has at least one projection which extends radially inwards, formed as a rib, which projection cooperates in a form-fitting manner with a reception located at the second cross-section of the sleeve-shaped element.

US Pat. No. 10,923,984

ELECTRIC MACHINE WITH IMPROVED DISSIPATION OF WASTE HEAT

Siemens Mobility GmbH, M...

1. An electric machine, comprising:a rotor shaft;
a rotor disposed on said rotor shaft and having a first axial end and a second axial end;
bearings supporting said rotor shaft such that said rotor together with said rotor shaft is rotatable around an axis of rotation;
a stator surrounding said rotor radially on an outside and having a first axial end and a second axial end;
a casing surrounding said stator radially on an outside;
covering elements, including a first covering element and a second covering element, disposed at said first axial end and said second axial end of said rotor and said stator, by means of said covering elements said rotor and said stator are enclosed with respect to an environment of the electric machine;
an air guide element surrounding said first covering element radially on an outside, and axially on a side facing away from said rotor and said stator;
an inner ring element surrounding said second covering element radially on an outside, and axially on a side facing away from said rotor and stator;
first cooling channels and second cooling channels running axially in said casing or between said casing and said stator;
rotor channels running axially and disposed in one of said rotor shaft or said rotor;
said casing having an air inlet radially on an outside, and via said air inlet a cooling air flow is fed to said first cooling channels; and
said first cooling channels configured to feed at least one part of the cooling air flow to said air guide element or to an interspace between said first covering element and said air guide element, said air guide element alone or in conjunction with said first covering element formed to deflect the at least one part of the cooling air flow radially to an inside, and is then fed via said rotor channels to said inner ring element or to an interspace between said second covering element and said inner ring element, said inner ring element alone or in conjunction with said second covering element formed to deflect the at least one part of the cooling air flow radially to an outside and is then fed to said second cooling channels, and said second cooling channels configured to route the at least one part of the cooling air flow axially through the electric machine, and finally escapes into the environment of the electric machine.

US Pat. No. 10,923,983

AIRCRAFT GENERATOR SYSTEMS AND HOUSINGS THEREOF

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A generator housing for a generator of an aircraft, the generator housing comprising:a mounting pad at a first end, the generator housing extending to a second end; and
a base arranged to connect to an electronics module;
wherein the generator housing defines a generator cavity and a flow path to supply a working fluid through the generator housing, the flow path extending between an inlet formed in the mounting pad and at least one outlet formed in the mounting pad,
wherein one or more electronics flow ports enable fluid connection between the flow path within the generator housing and the electronic module when connected and one or more inductor ports enable fluid connection between the flow path within the generator housing and one or more inductors when mounted to the generator housing.

US Pat. No. 10,923,982

ELECTRIC COMPRESSOR MOTOR HOUSING, AND VEHICLE-MOUNTED ELECTRIC COMPRESSOR EMPLOYING SAME

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. An electric compressor motor housing, comprising:a motor housing main body, one end thereof is an opening portion capable of coupling to a compressor housing, interior of the motor housing main body being a cylindrical space for comprising a motor;
a plurality of refrigerant passages formed around the cylindrical space in the motor housing main body in a direction of a motor axis;
an inverter accommodating portion provided in an upper portion of an outer periphery of the motor housing main body, an inverter circuit that drives the motor being accommodated and installed in an interior of the inverter accommodating portion;
compressor attachment feet provided in a plurality of locations in the upper portion and a lower portion of the outer periphery of the motor housing main body; and
a refrigerant intake port provided on a side surface on a rear end portion of the motor housing main body, the refrigerant intake port being communicated with an internal space of the motor housing main body, wherein
one or more lines of ribs are provided to protrude outward and extend in the vertical direction; and
the ribs are formed on a side surface of the motor housing so as to be connected to a bottom surface of a part protruding in a lateral direction of the inverter accommodating portion.

US Pat. No. 10,923,981

MOTOR

NIDEC CORPORATION, Kyoto...

1. A motor comprising:a rotor including a shaft centered on a vertically extending center axis;
a stator disposed radially opposite to the rotor and including a plurality of coils;
a bearing supporting the shaft;
a bus bar unit disposed on an upper side in an axial direction of the stator; and
a housing surrounding and fixing the stator; wherein
the bus bar unit includes:
a plurality of bus bars including a terminal portion connected to a lead wire drawn out from the coil; and
a bus bar holder holding the plurality of bus bars;
the terminal portion includes a slit which extends axially downward and into which the lead wire is fitted;
a width of the slit is narrower than a diameter of the lead wire;
the bus bar holder includes a protrusion protruding radially outside;
the housing includes a recess portion recessed radially outward or a radially penetrating hole portion or notch portion; and
at least a portion of the protrusion is fitted into the recess portion, the hole portion, or the notch portion.

US Pat. No. 10,923,980

MOTOR, ACTUATOR, AND MEDICAL SUPPORT ARM APPARATUS

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A medical support arm apparatus, comprising:a multi joint arm that comprises a plurality of joints;
a medical tool supported on a distal end of the multi joint arm; and
an actuator provided in at least one joint of the plurality of the joints, wherein
the actuator includes a motor,
the motor includes an electrically active part, an insulating structure for the electrically active part, and at least one conductor in proximity to the electrically active part,
the insulating structure is provided with a clearance distance between the electrically active part and a first conductor of the at least one conductor and a creepage distance between the electrically active part and a second conductor of the at least one conductor, and
the clearance distance and the creepage distance are stipulated by a safety standard associated with a medical electrical equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,923,979

INSULATOR AND MOTOR INCLUDE SAME

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A motor comprising:a stator on which a coil is wound;
a rotor disposed inside the stator;
a rotational shaft coupled to the rotor; and
an insulator located between the coil and the stator and including an outer circumferential surface on which the coil is wound,
wherein the insulator includes an inner guide, an outer guide, a body which connects the inner guide and the outer guide and on which the coil is wound, and a wing rotatably connected to an outer surface of the outer guide, and
a plurality of guide grooves for guiding the coil are disposed on the outer surface of the outer guide.

US Pat. No. 10,923,978

HAIRPIN WINDING ELECTRIC MACHINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electric machine comprising:a stator core defining slots;
hairpins disposed in the slots and selectively joined at connections to form windings; and
a U-shaped jumper having spaced legs interconnected by a U-portion, the legs being attached to a pair of the hairpins at a location radially outboard of the slots such that the U-portion faces the core, wherein a terminal lead of the windings radially extends between the legs.

US Pat. No. 10,923,977

SURGICAL INSTRUMENT MOTOR WITH INCREASED NUMBER OF WIRES PER PHASE SET AND INCREASED FILL FACTOR AND CORRESPONDING MANUFACTURING METHOD

Medtronic Xomed, Inc., J...

10. A method of manufacturing a motor for a surgical instrument, the method comprising:wrapping a first set of wires on a first and second set of pins to form a first coil in a first phase set;
wrapping the first set of wires on the first and second sets of pins to form a second coil in the first phase set;
removing the first set of pins from a rod;
compressing a first portion of the first and second coils of the first phase set and thereafter removing the second set of pins from the rod;
compressing a second portion of the first and second coils of the first phase set and thereafter inserting the first and second coils of the first phase set into a sleeve; and
compressing the sleeve and the first and second coils of the first phase set.

US Pat. No. 10,923,976

ROTOR OF ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINE AND ASSOCIATED FABRICATION PROCESS

1. A rotor of a rotary electric machine, comprising:a body comprising a cylindrical central core and a circumferential plurality of arms extending radially out from the cylindrical central core, the body being mounted with an ability to move about an axis of rotation;
a coilset produced by windings of turns and forming at least one series of coils,
a coil comprising a predetermined number of turns around at least two arms of the body, two adjacent coils of a series being angularly offset from one another with a partial overlap; and
at least one additional retaining turn wound around at least two arms of which at least one is common to the arms around which is wound the last coil, situated radially outermost, of at least one series and of which at least one is distinct from the arms around which the said last coil is wound, so that the at least one additional retaining turn partially overlaps the turns of the said last coil,
wherein the rotor comprises two series of coils arranged at 180° with respect to one another and with respect to the axis of rotation,
wherein the two series of coils each comprises the at least one additional retaining turn, and each of the at least one additional retaining turn extends from one series of the two series of coils to the other series of the two series of coils.

US Pat. No. 10,923,975

LAMINATED ROTOR WITH IMPROVED MAGNET ADHESION AND METHOD OF FABRICATING

REGAL BELOIT AMERICA, INC...

9. A method of fabricating a moisture resistant rotor sleeve, said method comprising:providing a sleeve formed from a plurality of stacked laminations, the sleeve having an outer periphery, an inner periphery, and spaces between adjacent laminations;
applying an adhesive layer to the outer periphery of the sleeve;
coupling at least one permanent magnet to the adhesive layer; and
applying a sealant in the spaces between adjacent laminations and to the inner periphery to form a sealed sleeve, wherein the outer periphery of the sealed sleeve is free of sealant, wherein the sealant facilitates sealing the spaces between adjacent laminations to prevent fluid from reaching the adhesive layer by traveling through the spaces of the sleeve between the inner periphery and the outer periphery.

US Pat. No. 10,923,974

ROTOR CORE, ROTOR AND MOTOR

NIDEC CORPORATION, Kyoto...

1. A rotor core comprising:a first laminate steel plate and a second laminate steel plate extending in a radial direction with respect to a central axis;
the first laminate steel plate includes:
a first base portion positioned on a radially outer side of the central axis; and
a plurality of pieces separately positioned on a radially outer side of the first base portion with penetrating portions therebetween, and disposed at predetermined intervals in a circumferential direction;
the second laminate steel plate includes:
a second base portion positioned on the radially outer side of the central axis; and
annular portions separately disposed on a radially outer side of the second base portion with penetrating portions therebetween, and extending in the circumferential direction; wherein
a plurality of the first laminate steel plates and at least one of the second laminate steel plate are laminated in an axial direction; and
in an angular region with respect to the central axis between the pieces adjacent to each other in the circumferential direction, one of the first base portion and the second base portion includes protruding portions protruding radially outward from an outer edge portion thereof, and the other of the first base portion and the second base portion includes recessed portions recessed radially inward from an outer edge portion thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,923,973

ROTOR FOR ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA J...

1. A rotor for a rotating electrical machine comprising a cylindrical rotor core configured to be arranged radially inside of a stator with a coil wound therearound, whereinan outer circumferential surface of the rotor core is opposed to the stator with a gap therebetween,
the rotor core has a plurality of magnetic pole regions in a circumferential direction and also has, in each of the plurality of magnetic pole regions, a plurality of flux barriers extending along a q-axis magnetic path,
the plurality of flux barriers has a radially outer wall surface and a radially inner wall surface,
the radially inner wall surface is broadened to be closer to the adjacent magnetic pole region than a position along the q-axis magnetic path, wherein
each of the plurality of flux barriers is included in a plurality of flux barrier layers arranged in a radial direction,
the plurality of flux barrier layers include an inner flux barrier layer and an outer flux barrier layer arranged to be separated radially outward from the inner flux barrier layer,
the inner flux barrier layer and the outer flux barrier layer each have a shape symmetrical with respect to a d-axis,
the rotor core has a cutout in a portion of the outer circumferential surface through which the d-axis extends,
the cutout extends in an axial direction of the rotor core and is symmetrical with respect to the d-axis, and
the rotor core is configured to satisfy the following expressions:
0.12??a/?r?0.14
0.26??b/?r?0.29
0.40??c/?r?0.42
where
?r is an angle of each magnetic pole region,
?a is an angle between the d-axis and one of circumferential ends of the cutout,
?b is an angle between the d-axis and one of circumferential ends of the radially outer wall surface of the outer flux barrier layer, and
?c is an angle between the d-axis and one of circumferential ends of the radially outer wall surface of the inner flux barrier layer.

US Pat. No. 10,923,972

ELECTRIC MOTOR HAVING STATOR WITH LAMINATIONS CONFIGURED TO FORM DISTINCT COOLING CHANNELS

1. An electric motor comprising:a stator formed of a plurality of laminations; and
a rotor received in the stator and rotatable relative to the stator about a motor axis;
wherein each of the laminations has a radially inner lamination edge, which borders a rotor aperture into which the rotor is received, and a radially outer lamination edge, each of the laminations having a plurality of cooling apertures formed there through, the cooling apertures being formed radially between the radially outer lamination edge and the radially inner lamination edge, each of the laminations being sealingly coupled to at least one other of the laminations; and
wherein each cooling aperture in each of the laminations forms part of a distinct cooling channel that extends along an axial length of the stator, and wherein at least a portion of the cooling apertures in each of the cooling channels are staggered circumferentially about the motor axis;
wherein each of the laminations comprises a plurality of lamination segments, each of the lamination segments having a radially inner segment edge, which forms a portion of the radially inner lamination edge of an associated one of the laminations, a radially outer segment edge, which forms a portion of the radially outer lamination edge of the associated one of the laminations, and a pair of circumferential segment edges that are each configured to abut a corresponding circumferential segment edge of an associated adjacent lamination segment, wherein a portion of the cooling apertures are formed in each of the lamination segments; and
wherein at least five distinct and different lamination segments are employed over the axial length of the stator to form each cooling channel.

US Pat. No. 10,923,971

STATOR, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING STATOR, MOTOR, AND AIR CONDITIONING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A stator comprising:a stator core having a first tooth and a second tooth adjacent to each other;
a coil having a first winding portion wound around the first tooth and a second winding portion wound around the second tooth;
a spacer inserted into a gap between the first winding portion and the second winding portion, and
a molding resin covering the stator core, the coil and the spacer,
wherein the spacer is shaped from a plastic material identical with a plastic material of which the molding resin is composed, and
wherein the spacer has:
an insertion portion inserted into the gap between the first winding portion and the second winding portion, and
an engaging portion engaging at least one of the first winding portion and the second winding portion, and
wherein the spacer is obtained by cutting a spacer assembly in which a plurality of spacer elements are integrated.

US Pat. No. 10,923,970

ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE HAVING MAGNETIC FLUX SUPPLIED FROM A FIELD COIL

EXEDY CORPORATION, Neyag...

1. A brushless winding field type rotary electric machine positioned between a rotary member and a stationary case, comprising:a stator held in the stationary case and internally equipped with an AC coil for generating a rotating magnetic field by an AC current;
a field core held in the stationary case and internally equipped with a field coil excited by a DC current;
a rotor disposed around an outer periphery of the rotary member and held so as to be rotatable with respect to the stator and the field coil;
a first air gap formed between the stator and the rotor, the first air gap being configured to deliver a magnetic flux between the stator and the rotor; and
a second air gap formed between the field core and the rotor, the second air gap being configured to deliver a magnetic flux between the field coil and the rotor, wherein
the field coil of the field core is disposed in parallel with the rotor in an axial direction of a rotation shaft of the rotary member via the second air gap,
the second air gap has an inclined section inclined with respect to the axial direction of the rotation shaft between the field core and at least a radially outside portion of a portion on a field core side of the rotor so that the radially outside portion of the rotor is positioned on a radially outer side of the field core, and
the first air gap and the second air gap are disposed without overlapping each other as viewed along a radial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,923,969

MOLDED CORE ASSEMBLIES FOR A MOTOR-GENERATOR

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An assembly for a motor-generator, the assembly comprising:preform windings including a first end, a second end, and a plurality of in-slot portions, the plurality of in-slot portions extending from the first end to the second end; and
a molded core including a plurality of slots, each of the plurality of slots including a respective in-slot portion of the plurality of in-slot portions disposed therein, each of the plurality of slots including a wall conforming to an outer profile of the respective in-slot portion;
wherein the molded core is a molded stator core, the assembly further comprises at least one of a housing or a portion of a stator-mounting assembly, the at least one of the housing or the portion of the stator-mounting assembly is a portion of a mold used to form the molded stator core.

US Pat. No. 10,923,968

COMBINED WIRELESS CHARGING AND POSITION TRACKING

MediaTek Inc.

1. A method, comprising:operating in a first mode to effect wireless charging via at least a first coil of a plurality of coils of an apparatus; and
operating in a second mode to effect position tracking via at least a second coil of the plurality of coils of the apparatus,
wherein the operating in the second mode comprises wirelessly radiating electromagnetic (EM) waves via multiple coils of the plurality of coils, including the second coil, as a beacon station to track a position of a sensor with time-division multiplexing (TDM), frequency-division multiplexing (FDM) or code-division multiplexing (CDM).

US Pat. No. 10,923,967

SYSTEM AND A METHOD FOR DETERMINING A RELATIVE POSITION AND/OR ORIENTATION BETWEEN A PRIMARY AND A SECONDARY WINDING STRUCTURE

Bombardier Primove GmbH, ...

1. A system for determining a relative position and/or orientation between a primary winding structure and a secondary winding structure of a system for inductive power transfer, wherein the system comprises at least one secondary-sided transmitting unit, wherein a positioning signal with a positioning frequency is transmittable by the secondary-sided transmitting unit, wherein the system comprises at least one primary-sided receiving unit, wherein a signal portion of the received signal with the positioning frequency is determinable, wherein the relative position and/or orientation is determinable depending on the determined signal portion, wherein the relative position and/or orientation is determined by a primary-sided control unit, wherein information on the relative position and/or orientation determined by the primary-sided control unit are communicated to the secondary side, wherein the signal received by the primary-sided receiving unit comprises multiple signal portions, wherein one of said signal portions corresponds to the received positioning signal generated by the transmitting unit, wherein determination of the signal portion with the positioning frequency comprises a first step where the positioning frequency is determined and a second step where the corresponding signal portion is determined.

US Pat. No. 10,923,966

COIL STRUCTURES FOR ALIGNMENT AND INDUCTIVE WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER

CHARGEDGE, INC., Fremont...

1. A coil structure for wireless power transfer comprising:a ferrite core; and
at least two coils wound around the ferrite core, the at least two coils located symmetrically about a geometric center of the ferrite core,
the at least two coils wound in such a way that when a first current flows in a first spatial direction in one of the at least two coils a second current flows in a second spatial direction in the other one of the at least two coils, the second spatial direction being opposite to the first spatial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,923,965

SUPPORTER

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A supporter comprising:a housing including a transmission coil to wirelessly transmit power; and
a fixing member disposed to face a side surface of the housing and fixing a wireless terminal when the wireless terminal is supported,
wherein the side surface of the housing is disposed to face the transmission coil and support the wireless terminal to stand up,
wherein the fixing member comprises a first support, a second support, and a pressing part,
wherein the first support and the second support are branched from the pressing part in a first direction,
wherein the first support and the second support are spaced apart from each other, and the first support and the second support get closer to each other in a second direction such that an opening is formed by the pressing part, the first support and the second support,
wherein the first support includes a first upper portion, a first middle portion and a first lower portion of the first support, the first support extends in the first direction from the first upper portion at the pressing part to the first lower portion, and the first middle portion of the first support is between the first upper portion and the first lower portion, and
the second support includes a second upper portion, a second middle portion and a second lower portion of the second support, the second support extends in the first direction from the second upper portion at the pressing part to the second lower portion, and the second middle portion of the second support is between the second upper portion and the second lower portion,
wherein a diameter, in a second direction, of the opening between the first middle portion of the first support and the second middle portion of the second support is a first distance, wherein a distance in the second direction between the first lower portion of the first support and the second lower portion of the second support is a second distance, and
wherein the first distance is greater than the second distance.

US Pat. No. 10,923,964

POWER TRANSMITTER UNIT

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A power-transmitter-unit comprising:a power-transmitting-coil for wirelessly providing power to a power-receiver-unit, and a resonant-capacitor connected to the power-transmitting-coil, such that together they define an LC circuit, wherein the LC circuit comprises a first-end and a second-end;
a controller configured to define a foreign-object-detection-mode of operation, wherein:
in the foreign-object-detection-mode of operation: the first-end of the LC circuit is connected to the second-end of the LC circuit such that the LC circuit is short-circuited and defines a closed-LC-circuit; and
the controller is configured to receive a coil-current-signal that is representative of a current through the closed-LC-circuit;
wherein the controller is further configured to:
process the coil-current-signal that was received during the foreign-object-detection-mode of operation and a capacitance of the resonant-capacitor, in order to determine a resistance of the closed-LC-circuit; and
provide an indication that a foreign object has been detected if the determined resistance of the closed-LC-circuit is greater than a resistance-threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,923,963

FOREIGN OBJECT DETECTION APPARATUS AND WIRELESS CHARGING SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A foreign object detection apparatus, comprising:a plurality of object sensing devices positioned between a transmission pad and a reception pad of a wireless charging system; and
a detection circuit configured to determine whether a foreign object is present between the transmission pad and the reception pad based on data received from the plurality of object sensing devices,
wherein each of the plurality of object sensing devices includes
a first coil unit wound with a first coil in a first direction, and
a second coil unit wound with a second coil in a second direction different from the first direction,
wherein the first coil unit and the second coil unit overlap each other,
wherein an arrangement pattern of the plurality of object sensing devices is determined based on a shape of the transmission pad,
wherein each of the plurality of object sensing devices includes a first object sensing device and a second object sensing device alternately disposed with the first object sensing device, and
wherein the second object sensing device is disposed in a line with the first object sensing device, the first object sensing device is disposed such that the first coil unit is deposited on the second coil unit, and the second object sensing device is disposed such that the second coil unit is deposited on the first coil unit.

US Pat. No. 10,923,962

POWER TRANSMISSION DEVICE NON-CONTACT POWER FEEDING SYSTEM WITH DETECTION CIRCUIT TO DETECT CURRENT AMPLITUDE IN TRANSMISSION-SIDE COIL

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. A power transmission device which can transmit power to a power reception device by a magnetic field resonance method, the power transmission device comprising:a power transmission-side resonant circuit comprising a power transmission-side coil that transmits the power;
a power transmission circuit structured to supply an alternating current voltage to the power transmission-side resonant circuit;
a detection circuit structured to detect an amplitude of a current flowing through the power transmission-side coil;
a control circuit structured to perform power transmission control on the power by controlling the power transmission circuit; and
a memory,
wherein the control circuit is structured such that, when the power is transmitted, the control circuit monitors whether or not an amplitude detection value of the detection circuit falls outside a predetermined range so as to control whether or not the continuation of the power transmission is allowed;
wherein an upper limit value and a lower limit value of the predetermined range is previously set and stored in the memory;
wherein the lower limit value is stored in the memory based on the amplitude detection value obtained in predetermined initial setting processing;
wherein the power reception device comprises: a power reception-side resonant circuit comprising a power reception-side coil that receives the power; and a change/short circuit which changes a resonant frequency of the power reception-side resonant circuit from a resonant frequency when the power is received or short-circuits the power reception-side coil before the reception of the power,
wherein the control circuit comprises: a first processing portion which controls the power transmission circuit such that in a state where the power reception device changes the resonant frequency of the power reception-side resonant circuit or short-circuits the power reception-side coil according to a signal provided by communication from the power transmission device, a predetermined test magnetic field is generated in the power transmission-side coil before the transmission of the power; a second processing portion which determines, based on the amplitude detection value of the detection circuit when the test magnetic field is generated, whether or not the power transmission can be performed; and a third processing portion which realizes the power transmission by controlling the power transmission circuit such that after it is determined that the power transmission can be performed, a power transmission magnetic field larger than the test magnetic field is generated in the power transmission-side coil;
wherein the detection circuit is configured to detect the amplitude through processing which amplifies a signal indicating the amplitude of the current flowing through the power transmission-side coil;
wherein an amplification factor when the power transmission magnetic field is generated in the power transmission-side coil is smaller than an amplification factor when the test magnetic field is generated in the power transmission-side coil; and
wherein, in the initial setting processing, the test magnetic field is generated in the power transmission-side coil.

US Pat. No. 10,923,961

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMITTING UNIT, WIRELESS POWER RECEIVING UNIT, AND CONTROL METHODS THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A control method of a wireless power receiver, the control method comprising:wirelessly receiving a first power from a wireless power transmitter;
based on the received first power, loading a first communication stack stored in a first memory inside a communication module of the wireless power receiver;
establishing a communication connection with the wireless power transmitter based on the first communication stack;
wirelessly receiving a second power from the wireless power transmitter;
based on a residual capacity of a battery of the wireless power receiver exceeding a minimum power threshold according to the received second power, determining to re-initialize the communication connection with the wireless power transmitter;
based on the determining to re-initialize the communication connection with the wireless power transmitter, transmitting a message including a time period required to complete at least one procedure for re-initializing the communication connection with the wireless power transmitter;
re-initializing the communication connection with the wireless power transmitter while wirelessly receiving the second power;
after re-initializing the communication connection, loading a second communication stack stored in a second memory outside the first memory of the communication module of the wireless power receiver; and
establishing, the communication connection with the wireless power transmitter based on the second communication stack.

US Pat. No. 10,923,960

RESONANT FREQUENCY POWER GENERATOR

1. A power generator, comprising:a base;
a magnet suspended within the base through one or more flexible connectors; and
a coil disposed around the magnet;
wherein the magnet and one or more flexible connectors are configured to vibrate under the influence of a magnetic field generated by a speaker coil; and
wherein the vibration of the magnet generates electrical power with the coil.

US Pat. No. 10,923,958

POWER TRANSMITTER, RESONANCE-TYPE CONTACTLESS POWER SUPPLY AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Silergy Semiconductor Tec...

1. A resonance-type contactless power supply comprising:an inverter circuit configured to receive electric energy and to generate a first AC current with a voltage strength parameter responding to an inverter control signal;
an impedance conversion network configured to receive said first AC current and to generate a second AC current with a current strength parameter corresponding to a voltage strength parameter of said first AC current;
a transmitter-side resonant circuit comprising a transmitting coil for receiving said second AC current;
a receiver-side resonant circuit comprising a receiving coil which is separated from but electrically coupled to said transmitting coil in a contactless manner, and configured to receive electric energy from said transmitting coil and to generate a third AC current; and
a control circuit configured to generate said inverter control signal for maintaining said current strength parameter of said second AC current to be m times a current strength parameter of said third AC current, wherein m is a square root of a ratio of an equivalent resistance of said receiving coil to an equivalent resistance of said transmitting coil, said voltage strength parameter is a voltage peak or an effective value, and said current strength parameter is a current peak or an effective value,
wherein said control circuit comprises a control signal generating circuit having a compensation circuit configured to generate a compensation signal based on said second and third AC currents, a comparator configured to generate a pulse-width modulation (PWM) signal by comparing said compensation signal against a triangular wave signal, and a phase shift control circuit configured to generate said inverter control signal with a phase difference in accordance with said PWM signal.

US Pat. No. 10,923,957

WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER SYSTEM

The University of Hong Ko...

1. An inductive-capacitive (LC) coil-resonator device, comprising:a first LC coil resonator;
a second LC coil resonator; and
a shaft connected to a center of the first LC coil resonator and a center of the second LC coil resonator,
wherein each of the first LC coil resonator and the second LC coil resonator comprises:
an insulating disc;
a non-conductive substrate layer, with dielectric characteristics, embedded in the insulating disc;
a top planar and spiral conductive track forming a coil and disposed on a top surface of the substrate layer and embedded in the insulating disc;
a bottom planar and spiral conductive track forming a coil and disposed on a bottom surface of the substrate layer and embedded in the insulating disc, the bottom planar and spiral conductive track being parallel to the top planar and spiral conductive track; and
a via directly connecting the bottom planar and spiral conductive track to the top planar and spiral conductive track to form a single equivalent inductor,
wherein the first LC coil resonator is physically spaced apart from the second LC coil resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,923,956

INDUCTIVE POWER TRANSMITTER

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An inductive power transmitter comprising:a converter configured to generate at least two object detection signals at substantially different frequencies,
at least one transmitting coil configured to generate a magnetic field based on the object detection signals, and
a controller configured to determine or measure circuit parameter(s) in relation to the coil to determine the inductance of the coil at each of the frequencies, and determine whether or what kind of object is present depending on a change in inductance between each of the frequencies;
wherein a determination whether an object is present is based on whether the change in inductance is under or over a threshold and a foreign object is determined present if the absolute change in inductance is over a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,923,955

WIRELESS POWER SYSTEM WITH RESONANT CIRCUIT TUNING

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A wireless power transmitting device configured to transmit wireless power to a wireless power receiving device through a charging surface, comprising:a plurality of wireless power transmitting coils of a common shape;
a capacitor coupled to each of the wireless power transmitting coils to form respective resonant circuits;
inverter circuitry coupled to the resonant circuits; and
control circuitry configured to use the inverter circuitry to transmit wireless power signals with at least one of the wireless power transmitting coils, wherein:
the wireless power transmitting coils are arranged in a plurality of layers under the charging surface, and
the capacitors coupled to wireless power transmitting coils in different layers have different capacitances configured to produce a same open-circuit voltage at a rectifier output within the wireless power receiving device.

US Pat. No. 10,923,954

WIRELESS POWER RECEIVER WITH A SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFIER

Energous Corporation, Sa...

1. A wireless power receiver, comprising:at least one radio frequency (RF) antenna configured to generate an alternating current (AC) waveform from received RF waves; and
a field effect transistor (FET) comprising:
a source terminal configured to be electrically coupled to ground;
a drain terminal electrically coupled to the at least one RF antenna, and configured to receive the AC waveform generated by the at least one RF antenna; and
a gate terminal configured to be driven by a feed-forward signal tapped from the AC waveform generated by the at least one antenna, wherein the feed-forward signal is configured to bias the FET such that:
during a first bias condition where the AC waveform has a positive polarity, the FET operates as an open switch that causes a load to receive a direct current (DC) waveform that is outputted by the drain terminal, and
during a second bias condition where the AC waveform has a negative polarity, the FET operates as a closed switch that causes a capacitor to receive the DC waveform,
wherein the FET is configured to operate as a rectifier and convert the AC waveform to the DC waveform.

US Pat. No. 10,923,953

RECEIVED WIRELESS POWER REGULATION

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An inductive power receiver for an inductive power transfer system comprising:a power pick up stage including a receiving coil for receiving power transmitted by a transmitter;
a load stage having a rectifier coupled to the power pick up stage;
a power regulation stage configured to provide a series voltage coupled between the power regulation stage and the rectifier, the series voltage being free to vary independently from an output voltage across a load coupled to the load stage, wherein the series voltage switches between at least a first amplitude that adds to a voltage associated with the power pick up stage and a second amplitude that is different from the first amplitude and subtracts from the voltage associated with the power pick up stage; and
a controller configured to control series voltage provided by the power regulation stage to regulate the power delivered to the load stage.

US Pat. No. 10,923,952

SECONDARY-SIDE OUTPUT BOOST TECHNIQUE IN POWER CONVERTERS AND WIRELESS POWER TRANSFER SYSTEMS

CHARGEDGE, INC., Fremont...

1. A wireless power receiver comprising:a coil having a first end and a second end;
a first capacitor having a first end and a second end, the first end of the first capacitor directly connected to the first end of the coil;
a field effect transistor (FET) having a first end and a second end, the first end of the FET directly connected to the second end of the first capacitor;
at least one rectifier coupled to the second end of the first capacitor, wherein the at least one rectifier is independent of the FET and comprises a diode directly connected in parallel with a transistor; and
a second capacitor coupled to the at least one rectifier, wherein the FET is configured to be switched such that the FET and the first capacitor charge the second capacitor,
wherein a voltage developed across the second capacitor when the FET is conducting and the coil is reverse biased is substantially twice of a voltage developed across the second capacitor when the FET is non-conducting.

US Pat. No. 10,923,951

MAGNETIC INDUCTION POWER SUPPLY DEVICE

AMOSENSE CO., LTD, Cheon...

1. A magnetic induction power supply device, comprising:a current transformer attached to a power line to induce a voltage, and having a plurality of unit coils;
a sensing unit configured to sense the voltage induced in the current transformer;
a rectification unit configured to rectify the voltage induced in the current transformer;
a switching unit configured to switch so that at least one among the plurality of unit coils is connected to the rectification unit based on the voltage sensed in the sensing unit; and
a first power supply unit configured to supply emergency power to the sensing unit at an initial operation,
wherein the sensing unit is configured to control the switching unit so that a unit coil having the smallest number of windings among the plurality of unit coils is connected to the rectification unit during a set time when the emergency power is supplied from the first power supply unit.

US Pat. No. 10,923,950

POWER GENERATING METHOD AND WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION DEVICE THEREFOR

DELTA ELECTRONICS (THAILA...

1. A power generating method for a wireless power transmission device, the wireless power transmission device comprising a power transmitting circuit, a power receiving circuit, a power converter and an auxiliary power generation circuit, the power transmitting circuit being located at a transmitter side, the power receiving circuit, the power converter and the auxiliary power generation circuit being located at a receiver side, the power transmitting circuit receiving an input power, the power transmitting circuit and the power receiving circuit being electromagnetically coupled with each other, the power generating method comprising steps of:(a) controlling the power transmitting circuit to be switched between an enabled state and a disabled state;
(b) allowing the power transmitting circuit to emit a first power and allowing the power receiving circuit to receives the first power and convert the first power into a second power when the power transmitting circuit is in the enabled state;
(c) allowing the power converter to convert the second power into an output power, and allowing the auxiliary power generation circuit to convert the second power into an auxiliary power;
(d) judging whether the power receiving circuit receives the first power;
(e) if a judging result of the step (d) indicates that the first power is not received by the power receiving circuit, repeatedly performing the step (a); and
(f) if the judging result of the step (d) indicates that the first power is received by the power receiving circuit, allowing the power transmitting circuit to be continuously in the enabled state, so that the auxiliary power is continuously generated,
wherein the wireless power transmission device further comprises a first wireless communication module and a second wireless communication module, the first wireless communication module is located at the transmitter side, the second wireless communication module is located at the receiver side, and the step (d) further comprises steps of:
(g) providing the auxiliary power to the second wireless communication module, so that the second wireless communication module generates a wireless communication signal; and
(h) judging whether the wireless communication signal is received by the first wireless communication module,
wherein if a judging result of the step (h) indicates that the wireless communication signal is received by the first wireless communication module, it is judged that the power receiving circuit receives the first power, wherein if the judging result of the step (h) indicates that the wireless communication signal is not received by the first wireless communication module, the step (a) is repeated.

US Pat. No. 10,923,949

WIRELESS POWER SUPPLY DEVICE AND ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT

Tyco Electronics (Shangha...

1. An electrical equipment, comprising: a carrier selectively mountable in a plurality of different positions within an interior space of the electrical equipment and having a load; and a wireless power supply device adapted to supply power to the load, including: a plurality of transmitting coil assemblies mounted at the plurality of different positions within the electrical equipment, each of the transmitting coil assemblies having a cylindrical transmitting coil and a cylindrical magnetic core disposed inside of the transmitting coil; a first circuit board mounted within the electrical equipment, the transmitting coils of the plurality of the transmitting coil assemblies are connected in parallel to the first circuit board; a plurality of control switches disposed at the plurality of different positions within the electrical equipment and configured to switch on and off the transmitting coils of the plurality of transmitting coil assemblies, each control switch connected in series between one transmitting coil and the first circuit board, and after the carrier is mounted at the one position of the plurality of different positions, the carrier presses the control switch provided at the one position to switch the control switch to a closed state; a single receiving coil assembly mounted on the carrier and having a single receiving cylindrical coil and a single second magnetic core having a hollow cylindrical shape, the single receiving coil assembly configured to receive one of the plurality of transmitting coil assemblies through an internal space thereof in a direction of insertion of the carrier into the electrical equipment as the carrier is mounted in one of the plurality of positions within the electrical equipment, the transmitting coil mounted at one position of the plurality of different positions is disconnected by switching off the control switch provided at the one position before the carrier is mounted at one position, and the transmitting coil mounted at the one position of the plurality of different positions is connected by switching on the control switch provided at the one position after the carrier is mounted at the one position, such that the single receiving coil is electromagnetically coupled with the transmitting coil at the one position; and a second circuit board mounted on the carrier, the single receiving coil being electrically connected to the second circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,923,948

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRICAL LOAD CONTROL NETWORK

The Watt Stopper, Inc., ...

1. A system for controlling the application of electrical line power to a plurality of electrical loads comprising:a line power network operatively connected to the plurality of electrical loads;
a low voltage power and communication network separate from the line power network;
one or more load control devices operatively connected to the low voltage power and communication network, each load control device having an LED indicator or LCD display that transmits the status of the electrical load to which it is bound and that it controls through the low voltage power and communication network;
at least one plug built into a socket assembly operatively connected to the one or more load control devices through the low voltage power and communication network, and providing electrical power to the low voltage power and communication network;
processing means in each of the at least one plug, said processing means for receiving and processing identification signals from each of the one or more load control devices and each of the one or more plugs and the plurality of loads and using the configuration means to generate a plurality of configuration signals upon initial application of electrical power to the system, the processing means transmitting the plurality of configuration signals to the one or more load control devices and the one e or more plugs, the processing means further for receiving and processing one or more control signals from the one or more load control devices and directly controlling the application of electrical power to one or more of the plurality of electrical loads according to the one or more control signals and the plurality of configuration signals.

US Pat. No. 10,923,947

DIRECT CURRENT UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY WITH CLOUD SERVER AND RELATED METHODS

SMART CHARGING TECHNOLOGI...

1. An uninterruptible power supply (UPS) system comprising:a direct current (DC) UPS comprising
a battery power source configured to provide a battery DC power signal,
an alternating current to direct current (AC-DC) converter configured to convert a grid AC power signal to a first DC power signal,
a first switch having a first terminal directly coupled downstream from said AC-DC converter and a second terminal,
a second switch having a first terminal coupled to said battery power source and a second terminal directly coupled to said second terminal of said first switch,
a plurality of first DC outputs coupled to said first switch and configured to provide the battery DC power signal or the first DC power signal to a corresponding plurality of first loads,
a plurality of first load controllers each coupled between respective ones of said plurality of first DC outputs and said first switch, and
a controller coupled to said first and second switches, and said plurality of first load controllers, said controller configured to switch between a first mode where the first DC power signal is supplied to said plurality of first load controllers, and a second mode where the battery DC power signal is supplied to said plurality of first load controllers; and
a cloud application server in communication with said DC UPS and configured to cause said controller to disable and enable said plurality of first load controllers.

US Pat. No. 10,923,946

HYBRID BACKUP POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

Bendix Commercial Vehicle...

1. A backup power supply system for an electrical load, comprising:at least one supercapacitor;
a battery; and,
a power supply controller configured to
determine whether an output of a primary power supply for the electrical load meets a first predetermined condition;
determine, when the output of the primary power supply does not meet the first predetermined condition, a level of current required by the electrical load;
provide current to the electrical load from the at least one supercapacitor if the level of current required by the electrical load meets a second predetermined condition; and,
provide current to the electrical load from the battery if the level of current required by the electrical load does not meet the second predetermined condition until an output of the battery meets a third predetermined condition and thereafter provide current to the electrical load from the at least one supercapacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,923,945

MARK AND HOLD SYSTEM AND METHOD

Microsemi P.O.E Ltd., Ho...

1. A power sourcing equipment comprising:a main power source switchably coupled to an output port;
a mark power source switchably coupled to the output port, a voltage output by said mark power source less than a voltage output by said main power source;
a port resistance presented across the output port, a first side of said main power source coupled to a first side of said mark power source, a first end of said port resistance and said output port;
a control circuitry; and
a current source coupled to said output port, coupled to a second end of said port resistance and arranged to draw current through said port resistance and said output port responsive to said control circuitry,
said control circuitry arranged to:
detect a connected powered device;
couple said main power source to the output port responsive to detection of the connected powered device;
couple a second side of said mark power source to the output port and to said second end of said port resistance;
decouple said main power source from the output port;
enable said current source; and
responsive to a voltage across said port resistance being above a predetermined value responsive to said enabled current source, cease power supply to the output port from said mark power source.

US Pat. No. 10,923,944

METHODS, SYSTEMS AND DEVICES FOR MANAGING BATTERIES OF UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES (UPSS) AND RELATED EXTERNAL BATTERY MODULES (EBMS)

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A system for providing power, the system comprising:an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) coupled to a first power source, the UPS including at least one battery therein; and
at least one external battery module (EBM) coupled to the UPS and a second power source, the second power source being different and separate from the first power source,
wherein each of the at least one EBMs comprises:
a communication circuit configured to communicate with the UPS and/or other EBMs;
at least one battery string; and
a battery charger coupled to the at least one battery string and the at least one battery in the UPS,
wherein the communication circuit is configured transmit a communication from the at least one EBM to the UPS when power from the second power source is removed;
wherein the UPS is configured to turn the battery charger on responsive to the communication indicating that power from the second power source has been removed; and
wherein the battery charger is configured to charge the at least one battery string of the at least one EBM and the at least one battery in the UPS until power is restored to the second power source.

US Pat. No. 10,923,943

BATTERY POWERED DEVICE WITH PRE-POWERED CIRCUIT

STL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.,...

1. A battery powered device, which is used for providing a power to a system device, the battery powered device comprising:a battery pack consisted of a plurality of batteries;
at least one switch connected between the battery powered device and the system device;
a power management chip, connected to the switch, used for controlling the turning on or the turning off of the switch according to an operation mode of the power management chip; and
a pre-powered circuit including an input, an output, and a buck and current-limiting module, wherein the input is connected between the switch and the battery pack, the output is connected between the switch and the system device, the buck and current-limiting module comprises at least one zener diode and at least one current limiting resistor in series with each other between the input and the output;
when the power management chip is operated in a normal operation mode, the switch is configured to be turned on by the controlling of the power management chip, the battery pack is configured to power the system device via the switch and the pre-powered circuit; when the power management chip is operated in a standby operation mode, the switch is configured to be turned off by the controlling of the power management chip, the battery pack is configured to power the system device via the pre-powered circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,923,942

ACTIVATION OF ELECTRONIC DEVICES

Rheon Labs Ltd, London (...

1. A wearable item comprising:an apparatus, the apparatus comprising:
a battery encapsulated within a sealed enclosure;
an electronic device encapsulated within the sealed enclosure, wherein the electronic device is initially in a deactivated state;
a power control circuit encapsulated within the sealed enclosure and electrically connected to the electronic device; and
a loop of conductive medium connected to the power control circuit,
wherein at least a portion of the loop of conductive medium passes out of and back into the sealed enclosure,
wherein, the power control circuit is configured to cause activation of the electronic device in response to severing of the at least portion of the loop of conductive medium that is outside of the sealed enclosure, and
wherein the wearable item comprises one or more of:
a hip protector,
body armor,
back protector,
limb protector,
a glove,
a helmet,
a jacket,
a sports garment,
an activity monitoring garment,
a sensor equipped garment,
personal protective equipment, or
a medical device.

US Pat. No. 10,923,941

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS (USB) POWER DELIVERY WITH MULTIPLE CHARGING PORTS

Leviton Manufacturing Com...

1. A universal serial bus (USB) charging system configured to charge a plurality of electronic devices, the USB charging system comprising:a power supply including a plurality of power converters and a plurality of power supply outputs electrically coupled to the plurality of power converters, respectively, each of the plurality of power converters configured to convert an input voltage to a plurality of different output voltages;
a plurality of charging ports electrically coupled to the plurality of power supply outputs, respectively, each of the plurality of charging ports configured to connect to, and provide an output voltage selected from the plurality of different output voltages to, an electronic device;
a controller in electrical communication with the power supply and the plurality of charging ports, the controller comprising:
one or more processors;
a single master controller in electrical communication with the plurality of charging ports; and
a memory having stored thereon instructions which, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the controller to:
communicate information regarding the plurality of different output voltages from the single master controller to first and second electronic devices via respective first and second charging ports of the plurality of charging ports;
receive, via the respective first and second charging ports, information regarding first and second output voltages selected from the plurality of different output voltages by the respective first and second electronic devices; and
control the power supply to provide the selected first output voltage to the first electronic device and to provide the selected second output voltage to the second electronic device; and
a first power delivery (PD) controller integrated circuit (IC) and a second PD controller IC, the first and second PD controller ICs electrically coupled to the single master controller and configured to selectively disable transmission of electrical energy to corresponding charging ports,
wherein the first PD controller IC is not directly connected with the second PD controller IC.

US Pat. No. 10,923,940

CHARGER POWER SUPPLY PERFORMING CONSTANT-CURRENT AND CONSTANT-VOLTAGE CHARGING PROCESS SUCCESSIVELY AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

SILERGY SEMICONDUCTOR TEC...

1. A method for controlling a charger power supply comprises:performing a constant-current charging process by selecting a second output signal from a current feedback loop as a compensating signal, wherein said constant-current charging process includes a plurality of first time periods during which a first output current is provided and a plurality of second time periods during which a second output current is provided, alternately, and said first and second time periods in each cycle are preset time periods, and said second output signal is obtained by comparing said first output current with a second reference voltage in said plurality of first time periods and comparing said second output current with a third reference voltage in said plurality of second time periods; and
performing a constant-voltage charging process by selecting a first output signal from a voltage feedback loop as said compensating signal when said first output signal is smaller than said second output signal, wherein said first output signal is obtained by comparing an output voltage of a charging power source with a first reference voltage,
wherein said first reference voltage has a compensation value which corresponds to a difference between a first voltage corresponding to a first output voltage during said plurality of first time periods and a second voltage corresponding to a second output voltage during said plurality of said time periods, so that both a time point for switching from said constant-current charging process to said constant-voltage charging process and a value of said output voltage in said constant-voltage charging process are determined by said compensation value of said first reference voltage to compensate a voltage drop generated by line equivalent resistance and battery internal resistance.

US Pat. No. 10,923,939

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMITTER AND RECEIVER

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A wireless power transmitter for transferring power to a wireless power receiver, the wireless power transmitter comprising:a coil assembly including a plurality of coils;
a power conversion unit configured to convert an input direct current (DC) into an alternating current (AC) for driving the coil assembly; and
a communication/control unit configured to communicate with the wireless power receiver and control an amount of power to be transferred to the wireless power receiver using the coil assembly,
wherein the plurality of coils are arranged in first and second directions, and
wherein each of the plurality of coils:
has a substantially rectangular frame structure having a through hole at a center, and
is arranged so that at least portion of the each coil overlaps, in a plane, with a neighboring coil in the first and second directions.

US Pat. No. 10,923,937

CHARGING SYSTEM FOR ECO-FRIENDLY VEHICLE AND CHARGE CONTROL METHOD USING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A charging system for an eco-friendly vehicle, comprising:a power supply unit configured to provide power for charging an automotive battery;
a charging unit including a motor and an inverter connected with the motor, and configured to charge the battery by being supplied with power from the power supply unit;
one or more relays connecting the power supply unit and the battery to each other; and
a controller configured to move a rotor of the motor to a predetermined reference position before charging the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,923,936

VIRTUAL BATTERY MANAGEMENT

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:gathering battery factors from a plurality of devices;
generating a priority level for each of the devices;
generating device battery metrics for each of the devices;
monitoring device usage patterns;
generating priority management rules for the plurality of devices based at least in part on the battery factors, priority levels, device battery metrics, and device usage patterns;
generating a shared virtual battery reading for the plurality of devices based at least in part on a weighted average of the battery factors for each device;
identifying a source device and at least one destination device from the plurality of devices based on the priority management rules; and
initiating a wireless charging event between the source device and the at least one destination device based at least in part on the priority management rules.

US Pat. No. 10,923,935

CHARGING APPARATUS, A VEHICLE INCLUDING SAME, AND A METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A CHARGING APPARATUS

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A charging apparatus for charging a terminal using a battery for a vehicle, the charging apparatus comprising:a controller configured to check a voltage state of the vehicle battery, and determine whether or not the vehicle battery is capable of being charged; and
a charging portion configured to charge the terminal in a high-speed charging mode or in a general charging mode when the battery voltage checked by the controller is equal to or higher than a predetermined voltage,
wherein the high speed charging mode provides a higher charging voltage to the terminal than the general charging mode,
wherein the controller is configured to determine whether the terminal is capable of being charged at high speed such that the terminal is charged in the high-speed charging mode or in the general charging mode according to a charging specification of the terminal,
wherein, when the terminal is incapable of being charged at high speed, the charging portion is configured to provide the terminal with a voltage and current needed for the general charging mode such that the terminal is charged in the general charging mode,
wherein, when the voltage of the vehicle battery is less than a second reference voltage during the general charging mode of the terminal, the controller is configured to stop charging of the terminal,
wherein the controller is configured to count a charging stop time of the terminal, and
wherein, when the counted charging stop time of the terminal is longer than a predetermined time, the controller is configured to check a voltage state of the vehicle battery and determine whether or not the terminal is capable of being charged.

US Pat. No. 10,923,934

MANAGEMENT DEVICE AND POWER STORAGE SYSTEM

SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.,...

1. A management device that manages a power storage unit including a plurality of cells, comprising:a first temperature detector that detects a temperature in a high-temperature area of the power storage unit and a temperature in a low-temperature area of the power storage unit based on an output value of a first temperature detection element for high-temperature detection provided at a first position in the high-temperature area of the power storage unit and an output value of a temperature detection element for low-temperature detection provided at a predetermined position in the low-temperature area of the power storage unit;
a main controller that controls charge and discharge of the power storage unit based on the temperature in the high-temperature area and the temperature in the low-temperature area detected by the first temperature detector;
a second temperature detector that detects a temperature in the high-temperature area of the power storage unit based on an output value of a second temperature detection element for high-temperature detection provided at a second position in the high-temperature area of the power storage unit; and
a sub-controller that controls charge and discharge of the power storage unit based on the temperature in the high-temperature area detected by the second temperature detector during occurrence of an abnormality in the main controller,
wherein
the output value of the second temperature detection element for high-temperature detection is also supplied to the first temperature detector, and
the main controller calculates a first difference between the output value of the first temperature detection element for high-temperature detection and the output value of the second temperature detection element for high-temperature detection, a second difference between the output value of the first temperature detection element for high-temperature detection and the output value of the temperature detection element for low-temperature detection, and a third difference between the output value of the second temperature detection element for high-temperature detection and the output value of the temperature detection element for low-temperature detection, and uses, as an alternative value of the temperature in the high-temperature area of the power storage unit, a value obtained by adding a deviation from the output value of the first temperature detection element for high-temperature detection in a steady state to the output value of the second temperature detection element for high-temperature detection in a case where the first difference and the second difference are abnormal values and the third difference is a normal value.

US Pat. No. 10,923,933

POWER STATION

Nanjing Chervon Industry ...

1. A power station, comprising:an adaptor having an electrical energy input interface for receiving electrical energy from a power supply device, the adaptor comprising:
a housing;
a protecting frame provided outside of the housing;
an electrical energy storage unit; and
an electrical energy output port unit disposed on the housing, the electrical energy output port unit comprising:
at least one AC output port adapted to output an alternating current; and
at least one DC output port adapted to output a direct current;
a charging or charging regulator unit configured to couple the electrical energy input interface to the electrical energy storage unit and to charge the electrical energy storage unit with the electrical energy received from the electrical energy input interface;
a discharging or discharging regulator unit configured to couple the electrical energy storage unit to the electrical energy output port unit, the discharging or discharging regulator unit comprising:
a first AC discharging regulator provided between the electrical energy storage unit and the at least one AC output port and configured to receive the electrical energy from the electrical energy storage unit and selectively transmit the electrical energy supplied by the electrical energy storage unit to the at least one AC output port; and
a second DC discharging regulator provided between the electrical energy storage unit and the at least one DC output port and configured to receive electrical energy from the electrical energy storage unit and selectively transmit the electrical energy supplied by the electrical energy storage unit to the at least one DC output port; and
a control or control circuit unit comprising a charging control module and a discharging control module,
wherein the charging control module is coupled to the charging or charging regulator unit for performing charging control of the charging or charging regulator unit;
wherein the discharging control module is coupled to the discharging or discharging regulator unit for performing discharging control of the discharging or discharging regulator unit such that the discharging or discharging regulator unit coupled to the electrical energy storage unit is configured to selectively transmit discharge power to the at least one AC output port and/or the at least one DC output port;
wherein a ratio between a voltage of the electrical energy storage unit and a voltage of the alternating current outputted by the adaptor ranges from 0.07 to 1.5;
wherein a ratio between the voltage of the electrical energy storage unit and a voltage of the direct current outputted by the adaptor ranges from 0.5 to 32;
wherein a ratio between a total power outputted by the power station and a total weight of the power station ranges from 20 Wh/kg to 75 Wh/kg;
wherein the housing comprising a top wall, a bottom wall and opposite side walls located between the top wall and the bottom wall, the power station comprises two handles attached to the housing, the two handles is configured to extend between the opposite side walls of the housing and respectively located at two sides of the top wall such that the power station becomes a portable device for a user to carry the total weight of the power station by the two handles, and
wherein the protecting frame comprises a top seat, a bottom seat, and supporting columns respectively connected between the top seat and the bottom seat and disposed proximate a first side portion of the housing and a second side portion of the housing, the protecting frame defining a central plane, and the supporting columns arranged symmetrically with respect to the central plane.

US Pat. No. 10,923,932

METHODS AND DEVICES FOR PRESENTING AUXILIARY ENERGY DELIVERY INDICIA ON A DISPLAY

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

1. A method, comprising:detecting, with one or more processors of an electronic device, a charging current flowing from an auxiliary energy delivery device to a primary energy storage device of the electronic device;
presenting, on a display of the electronic device with the one or more processors, and in response detecting the charging current flowing from the auxiliary energy delivery device to the primary energy storage device, a visual indicator at least partially within an image representing the primary energy storage device to indicate the auxiliary energy delivery device is delivering energy to the primary energy storage device;
operating, with the one or more processors, the electronic device in an efficiency mode of operation;
terminating delivery of the energy from the auxiliary energy delivery device to the primary energy storage device when a state of charge of the primary energy storage device reaches a predefined threshold; and
removing the visual indicator from the image representing the primary energy storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,923,928

USB INTERFACE FOR RECHARGING AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE, INTENDED TO EQUIP A TRANSPORT VEHICLE

Alstom Transport Technolo...

1. A USB interface for recharging an electronic device, intended to equip an urban public transport vehicle comprising at least one handrail, comprises:an electronic member comprising at least one USB jack, and connector elements able to connect each USB jack to cabling, and
a support case, configured to be fastened on the handrail of the urban public transport vehicle, and including a housing for the electronic member, comprising:
a front surface in which the housing emerges;
a rear form, opposite the front surface, and intended to be pressed against the handrail; and
side surfaces extending between the front surface and the rear form, wherein the electronic member comprises:
a first stationary part, fastened in the housing of the support case, and intended to be connected to the cabling, and
a second removable part, bearing each USB jack, the first stationary part and the second removable part being removably connectable, and wherein the electronic member is fastened to the support case by removable fastening elements accessible from one of the side surfaces of the support case.

US Pat. No. 10,923,926

CONNECTOR-BASED HIGH-VOLTAGE LOCKOUT FUNCTION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An electrical system comprising:a high-voltage bus;
a rechargeable energy storage system (RESS) connected to the high-voltage bus;
a battery disconnect unit (BDU) having a high-voltage switch device configured to close responsive to a low-voltage drive current to thereby connect the RESS to the high-voltage bus;
a high-voltage component electrically connected to the HV bus, the high-voltage component having a removable cover and defining a service opening at least partially spanned by the cover when the cover is in an installed position;
a fastener connecting the cover to the high-voltage component when the cover is in the installed position;
a low-voltage drive circuit configured to conduct the low-voltage drive current to the high-voltage switch device to thereby energize the high-voltage switch device into a closed state; and
an electrical connector having multiple connector pieces collectively forming an electrical junction or switch in the low-voltage drive circuit, wherein a disconnection of the multiple connector pieces from each other opens the electrical junction or switch to prevent the low-voltage drive current from reaching the high-voltage switch device, and to thereby cause the high-voltage switch device to transition from the closed state to an open state.

US Pat. No. 10,923,925

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR HYBRID ENERGY HARVESTING FOR TRANSACTION CARDS

Capital One Services, LLC...

1. A transaction card, comprising:a data storage device configured to supply account information to a transaction card terminal;
a first rechargeable power source configured to receive charging energy from the transaction card terminal during a transaction using the card;
a second rechargeable power source configured to receive energy from the first rechargeable power source; and
a power controller configured to:
determine, in response to a request associated with the transaction, that the transaction card has sufficient power to complete the transaction prior to initiating the transaction; and
transmit, to an external device, an indication of an amount of energy stored in at least one of the first or second rechargeable power sources.

US Pat. No. 10,923,924

POWER SUPPLY DEVICE OF VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A power supply device of a vehicle, which includes a first switching element connected between a positive line and a first node, a second switching element connected between the first node and a second node, a third switching element connected between the second node and a negative line, a first battery having a positive electrode and a negative electrode respectively connected to the first node and the negative line, a reactor element connected between the positive line and a third node, a second battery having a positive electrode and a negative electrode respectively connected to the third node and the second node, and a smoothing capacitor connected between the positive line and the negative line, and switches an on/off state of the first switching element, the second switching element, and the third switching element to switch a connection state of the first battery and the second battery between a series connection state and a parallel connection state, the power supply device comprising:a negative electrode terminal for external charging connected to the negative electrode of the first battery;
a positive electrode terminal for external charging connected to the positive electrode of the second battery;
a first positive electrode side relay provided between the first node and the positive electrode of the first battery;
a first capacitor connected between the first node and the negative line;
a first negative electrode side relay provided between the negative electrode of the first battery and the negative line;
a first precharge relay and a first resistive element which are connected in parallel with the first negative electrode side relay;
a second positive electrode side relay provided between the third node and the positive electrode of the second battery;
a second capacitor connected between the third node and the second node;
a second negative electrode side relay provided between the negative electrode of the second battery and the second node; and
a second precharge relay and a second resistive element which are connected in parallel with the second positive electrode side relay.

US Pat. No. 10,923,923

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR BATTERY PACK

GBatteries Energy Canada ...

1. A system, comprising:one or more battery units, wherein each battery unit comprises one or more battery cells;
one or more switches that are operatively coupled to one or more battery units; and
a controller configured to:
generate a plurality of pulsed switch signals to control the one or more switches, wherein:
each battery unit gets pulse charged, via a corresponding switch, based on a corresponding switch signal,
each pulsed switch signal corresponds to at least one of the one or more switches,
each pulsed switch signal comprises a series of pulses, each pulse having an ON time and an OFF time, which are dynamically determined based on one or more characteristics of a battery unit associated with the corresponding switch, and
the one or more characteristics are measured during the ON time of the pulse;
wherein the one or more characteristics measured during the ON time of the pulse includes at least a respective rate of change of charging current through the one or more battery units.

US Pat. No. 10,923,919

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING POWER FLOW IN A HYBRID POWER SYSTEM

1. A power control system for managing energy transfer, the power control system comprising:a shared electrical bus including an electrical energy generating source, an electrical energy storage device, and an electrical load, each connected to the shared electrical bus; and
a controller operable to execute a plurality of instructions stored in a non-transitory memory on the controller to:
receive a command corresponding to a desired operation of the power control system,
receive at least one input corresponding to one of a past operating state and a future operating state of the power control system,
generate a plurality of control commands, wherein each of the plurality of control commands corresponds to one of the electrical energy generating source, the electrical energy storage device, and the electrical load, and wherein each of the plurality of control commands is generated as a function of the command and of the at least one input, and
transmit each of the plurality of control commands to the corresponding electrical energy generating source, electrical energy storage device, or electrical load to manage energy transfer between the electrical energy generating source, the electrical energy storage device, and the electrical load; and
at least one sensor providing a signal to the controller corresponding to one of a voltage, a current, and a level of energy transfer between the shared electrical bus and one of the electrical energy generating source, the electrical energy storage device, and the electrical load, wherein the controller further generates the plurality of control commands as a function of the signal received from the at least one sensor and wherein the controller is further operable to generate a log storing the present operating state for each of the electrical energy generating source, the electrical energy storage device, and the electrical load over a predefined duration, and wherein the at least one input corresponding to the past operating state of the power control system is the log.

US Pat. No. 10,923,918

CONTROL OF REACTIVE POWER IN A WIND POWER PLANT

1. A power plant controller for generating a setpoint to a wind turbine generator connected to an electrical grid, wherein the setpoint relates to a desired amount of reactive power to be produced by the wind turbine generator, wherein the power plant controller comprises:a device controller configured to control operation of a reactive power regulating device on a power line between the wind turbine generator and the electrical grid, wherein the reactive power regulating device is configured to inject or absorb an amount of reactive power to or from the electrical grid via the power line,
a reference control system configured to determine the setpoint on basis of an electrical reference input and a measured electrical value, and
a communication fault detector configured to detect a communication fault between the power plant controller and the reactive power regulating device on the power line, wherein the communication fault indicates communication between the device controller and the reactive power regulating device has failed and the reactive power regulating device is no longer controllable by the power plant controller, wherein
the power plant controller is arranged to be reconfigured in response to (i) a detection of the communication fault and (ii) a detection of a difference between the electrical reference input and a second measured electrical value measured at a time after the detection of the communication fault, wherein the reconfigured power plant controller compensates for a capability of the reactive power regulating device to inject or absorb the amount of reactive power to or from the electrical grid.

US Pat. No. 10,923,917

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR UTILITY ENERGY STORAGE AND DISTRIBUTION

Electric Power Board, an ...

1. An energy distribution system for storing and distributing an amount of utility energy, said energy distribution system comprising:(a) an energy generation source, said energy generation source being adapted to generate a supply level of the amount of utility energy and transmit said supply level of the amount of utility energy to the energy distribution system;
(b) an energy consumer, said energy consumer having a demand level of the amount of utility energy;
(c) an energy storage unit, said energy storage unit being adapted to receive and store a first portion of the amount of utility energy from the energy generation source and distribute a second portion of the amount of utility energy to the energy consumer;
(d) an e-cloud, said e-cloud being adapted to receive a third portion of the amount of utility energy from the energy generation source and distribute a fourth portion of the amount of utility energy to the energy consumer,
(e) a processor; said processor being adapted to control the distribution of the amount of utility energy to and from the energy storage unit and the e-cloud;
(f) a utility, said utility being adapted to communicate with the energy distribution system for storing and distributing an amount of utility energy;
wherein the processor causes the first portion of the amount of utility energy to be stored in the energy storage unit and the third portion of the amount of utility energy to be received by the e-cloud when the supply level of the amount of utility energy exceeds the demand level of the energy consumer; and wherein the processor causes the second portion of the amount of utility energy and the fourth portion of the amount of utility energy to be distributed to the energy consumer when the demand level of the energy consumer exceeds the supply level of the energy generation source.

US Pat. No. 10,923,916

STOCHASTIC DYNAMICAL UNIT COMMITMENT METHOD FOR POWER SYSTEM BASED ON SOLVING QUANTILES VIA NEWTON METHOD

TSINGHUA UNIVERSITY, Bei...

1. A stochastic dynamical unit commitment method for a power system based on solving quantiles via Newton method, comprising the following steps:(1) establishing a stochastic dynamical unit commitment model with chance constraints based on solving quantiles of random variables via Newton method, the stochastic dynamical unit commitment model comprising an objective function and constraints, the establishing comprising:
(1-1) establishing the objective function of the stochastic dynamical unit commitment model with chance constraints based on solving quantiles of random variables via Newton method,
the objective function for minimizing a sum of power generating costs and on-off costs of thermal power generating units by a formula of:

where, T denoting the number of dispatch intervals t; NG denoting the number of thermal power generating units in the power system; t denoting a serial number of dispatch intervals; i denoting a serial number of thermal power generating units; Pit denoting an active power of thermal power generating unit i at dispatch interval t; CFi denoting a fuel cost function of thermal power generating unit i; CUit denoting a startup cost of thermal power generating unit i at dispatch interval t; and CDit denoting a shutdown cost of thermal power generating unit i at dispatch interval t;
the fuel cost function of the thermal power generating unit being expressed as a quadratic function of the active power of the thermal power generating unit by a formula of:
CFi(Pit)=ai(Pit)2+biPit+ci,
where, ai denoting a quadratic coefficient of a fuel cost of thermal power generating unit i; bi denoting a linear coefficient of the fuel cost of thermal power generating unit i; ci denoting a constant coefficient of the fuel cost of thermal power generating unit i; and values of ai, bi, and ci being obtained from a dispatch center;
the startup cost of the thermal power generating unit, and the shutdown cost of the thermal power generating unit being denoted by formulas of:
CUit?Ui(vit?vit?1)
CUit?0
CDit?Di(vit?1?vit)
CDit?0,
where, vit denoting a state of thermal power generating unit i at dispatch interval t; in which, if vit=0, it represents that thermal power generating unit i is in an off state; if vit=1, it represents that thermal power generating unit i is in an on state; it is set that there is the startup cost when the unit is switched from the off state to the on state, and there is the shutdown cost when the unit is switched from the on state to the off state; Ui denoting a startup cost when thermal power generating unit i is turned on one time; and Di denoting a shutdown cost when thermal power generating unit i is turned off one time;
(1-2) obtaining constraints of the stochastic dynamical unit commitment model with chance constraints based on solving quantiles of random variables via Newton method, comprising:
(1-2-1) obtaining a power balance constraint of the power system by a formula of:

where, Pit denoting a scheduled active power of thermal power generating unit t at dispatch interval t; wtj denoting a scheduled active power of renewable energy power station at dispatch interval t; dmt denoting a size of load m at dispatch interval t; and ND denoting the number of loads in the power system;
(1-2-2) obtaining an upper and lower constraint of the active power of the thermal power generating unit in the power system by a formula of:
Pivit?Pit?Pivit,
where, Pi denoting an active power lower limit of thermal power generating unit i; Pi denoting an active power upper limit of thermal power generating unit i; vit denoting the state of thermal power generating unit a at dispatch interval t; in which if vit=0, it represents that thermal power generating unit is in an on state; and if vit=1, it represents that thermal power generating unit i is in an off state;
(1-2-3) obtaining a reserve constraint of the thermal power generating unit in the power system, by a formula of:
Pit+rit+?Pivit
0?rit+?ri+
Pit?rit??Pivit
0?rit??ri?,
where, rit+ denoting an upper reserve of thermal power generating unit i at dispatch interval t; rit? denoting a lower reserve of thermal power generating unit i at dispatch interval t; ri+ denoting a maximum upper reserve of thermal power generating unit i at dispatch interval t; ri? denoting a maximum lower reserve of thermal power generating unit i at dispatch interval t; and the maximum upper reserve and the maximum lower reserve being obtained from the dispatch center of the power system;
(1-2-4) obtaining a ramp constraint of the thermal power generating unit in the power system, by a formula of:
Pit?Pit?1??RDi?T?(2?vit?vit?1)Pi
Pit?Pit?1?RUi?T+(2?vit?vit?1)Pi,
where, RUi denoting upward ramp capacities of thermal power generating unit i, RDi and denoting downward ramp capacities of thermal power generating unit i, which are obtained from the dispatch center; and ?T denoting an interval between two adjacent dispatch intervals;
(1-2-5) obtaining a constraint of a minimum continuous on-off period of the thermal power generating unit in the power system, comprising:
obtaining a minimum interval for power-on and power-off switching of the thermal power generating unit by a formula of:

where, UTi denoting a minimum continuous startup period, and DTi denoting a minimum continuous shutdown period;
(1-2-6) obtaining a reserve constraint of the power system by a formula of:

where, wjt denoting an actual active power of renewable energy power station j at dispatch interval t; wtj denoting a scheduled active power of renewable energy power station at dispatch interval t; R+ and R? denoting additional reserve demand representing the power system from the dispatch center; ?r+ denoting a risk of insufficient upward reserve in the power system; ?r? denoting a risk of insufficient downward reserve in the power system; and Pr(·) denoting a probability of occurrence of insufficient upward reserve and a probability of occurrence of insufficient downward reserve; the probability of occurrence of insufficient upward reserve and the probability of occurrence of insufficient downward reserve being obtained from the dispatch center;
(1-2-7) obtaining a branch flow constraint of the power system by a formula of

where, Gl,i denoting a power transfer distribution factor of branch l to the active power of thermal power generating unit i; Gl,j denoting a power transfer distribution factor of branch l to the active power of renewable energy power station j; Gl,m denoting a power transfer distribution factor of branch l to load m; each power transfer distribution factor being obtained from the dispatch center; Ll denoting an active power upper limit on branch l; and ? denoting a risk level of an active power on the branch of the power system exceeding a rated active power upper limit of the branch, which is determined by a dispatcher;
(2) based on the objective function and constraints of the stochastic dynamical unit commitment model, employing the Newton method to solve quantiles of random variables, comprising:
(2-1) converting the chance constraints into deterministic constraints containing quantiles, comprising:
denoting a general form of the chance constraints by a formula of:
Pr(cTwt+dTx?e)?1?p,
where, c and d denoting constant vectors with NW dimension in the chance constraints; NW denoting the number of renewable energy power stations in the power system; e denoting constants in the chance constraints; P denoting a risk level of the chance constraints, which is obtained from the dispatch center in the power system; wtj denoting an actual active power vector of all renewable energy power stations at dispatch interval t; and x denoting a vector consisting of decision variables, and the decision variables being scheduled active powers of the renewable energy power stations and the thermal power generating units;
converting the general form of the chance constraints to the deterministic constraints containing the quantiles, by a formula of:

 denoting quantiles when a probability of one-dimensional random variables cTwt is equal to 1?p;
(2-2) setting a joint probability distribution of the actual active powers of all renewable energy power stations in the power system to satisfy the following Gaussian mixture model:

where, wtj denoting a set of scheduled active powers of all renewable energy power stations in the power system; wtj being a stochastic vector;

 denoting a probability density function of the stochastic vector; Y denoting values of wtj; N(Y, ?s, ?s) denoting the s?th component of the mixed Gaussian distribution; n denoting the number of components of the mixed Gaussian distribution; ?s denoting a weighting coefficient representing the s?th component of the mixed Gaussian distribution and a sum of weighting coefficients of all components is equal to 1; ?s denoting an average vector of the s?th component of the mixed Gaussian distribution; ?s is denoting a covariance matrix of the s?th component of the mixed Gaussian distribution; det (?s) denoting a determinant of the covariance matrix ?s; and a superscript T indicating a transposition of matrix;
acquiring a nonlinear equation containing the quantiles

 as follows:

where, ?(·) denoting a cumulative distribution function representing a one-dimensional standard Gaussian distribution; y denoting a simple expression representing the quantile;

 and ?s denoting an average vector of the s?th component of the mixed Gaussian distribution;
(2-3) employing the Newton method, solving the nonlinear equation of step (2-2) iteratively to obtain the quantiles

 of the random variables cTwt, comprising:
(2-3-1) initialization:
setting an initial value of y to y0, by a formula of:
y0=max(cT?i,i?{1,2, . . . ,NW});
(2-3-2) iteration:
updating a value of y by a formula of:

 denoting quantiles when a probability of one-dimensional random variables cTwt is equal to 1?p; yk denoting a value of y of a previous iteration; yk+1 denoting a value of y of a current iteration, which is to be solved; and

 denoting a probability density function representing the stochastic vector cTwt, which is denoted by a formula of:

(2-3-3) setting an allowable error ? of the iterative calculation; judging an iterative calculation result based on the allowable error, in which, if
it is determined that the iterative calculation converges, and values of the quantilesof the random variables are obtained; and ifit is returned to (2-2-2);(3) obtaining an equivalent form
of the chance constraints in the step (1-2-6) and the step (1-2-7) based onin the step (2); using a branch and bound method, solving the stochastic dynamical unit commitment model comprising the objective function and the constraints in the step (1) to obtain vit, Pit, and wjt, in which, vit is taken as a starting and stopping state of thermal power generating unit i at dispatch interval t; Pit is taken as a scheduled active power of renewable energy power station j at dispatch interval t; wjt and is taken as a reference active power of renewable energy power station j at dispatch interval t, solving the stochastic dynamical unit commitment model with chance constraints based on solving quantiles via Newton method; andcontrolling the thermal power generating unit and the renewable energy power station in the power system based on the vit, Pit, and wjt.

US Pat. No. 10,923,912

ELECTRONIC TRADING CONFIRMATION SYSTEM

Intercontinental Exchange...

1. An electronic trade confirmation system comprising:at least one computer comprising a processor;
a data interface, embodied on said at least one computer and configured to receive, via an Extensible Markup Language (XML) Application Programming Interface (API), first trade data from a first trading computer and second trade data from a second trading computer, wherein one or more of the first trade data and the second trade data comprise an XML message having a nonstandard format; and a non-transitory computer-readable storage medium having computer-readable program code stored therein operatively coupled to the processor, the processor executing the computer readable program code and causing said electronic trade confirmation system to:
convert one or more of the first trade data and the second trade data to a standard format,
compare, following said convert, one or more XML tags of the first trade data and one or more XML tags of the second trade data,
classify a trading transaction based on a comparison such that the first trading computer and the second trading computer may store, retrieve, search, edit, and track the trading transaction according to a classification, wherein if none of the one or more XML tags of the first trade data are inconsistent with the one or more XML tags of the second trade data, the trading transaction is classified as matched, and
generate an electronic trade confirmation if the trading transaction is classified as matched.

US Pat. No. 10,923,910

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ACCEPTING VARIABLE INPUT POWER FROM AN EXTERNAL POWER SOURCE

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. An external battery for delivering electrical energy to an information handling system via a direct-current input of the information handling system, comprising:an output port for delivering the electrical energy to the information handling system and for communicating an indication to the information handling system regarding an electrical energy delivery capacity of the external battery; and
a controller for controlling the indication, the controller configured to:
select a mode of operation from among a plurality of modes of operation of the external battery based on one or more operating conditions associated with the external battery; and
when changing selection of the mode of operation from one mode of operation to another mode of operation, reinitialize the external battery in order to cause the output port to communicate an indication that the external battery is capable of delivering electrical energy in accordance with the mode of operation, wherein reinitializing the external battery comprises causing the output port to momentarily cease supplying electrical energy power via the output port in order to indicate a change in the mode of operation of the external battery.

US Pat. No. 10,923,909

INRUSH LIMITER FOR BIDIRECTIONAL SOLID STATE SWITCHES

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A bidirectional switch comprising: a first enhancement mode n-channel metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor having a source, a gate, and a drain; a second enhancement mode n-channel metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor having a source, a gate, and a drain, wherein the source of the second enhancement mode n-channel metal semiconductor oxide field effect transistor is electrically connected to the source of the first enhancement mode n-channel metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor; an inrush switch having an insulated gate bipolar transistor having an emitter, a gate, and a collector, wherein the emitter is electrically connected to the common sources of the first enhancement mode n-channel metal semiconductor oxide field effect transistor and the second enhancement mode n-channel metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor; wherein the inrush switch does not connect to a ground potential; the insulated gate bipolar transistor and the first enhancement mode n-channel metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor positioned in a first inrush current path and the insulated gate bipolar transistor and the second enhancement mode n-channel metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor positioned in a second inrush current path; wherein the first enhancement mode n-channel metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor and the second enhancement mode n-channel metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistor do not conduct simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,923,908

ELECTRONIC MODULE AND MOTOR VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR LIMITING AN INPUT CURRENT DURING A SWITCH-ON PROCESS OF THE MODULE

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. An electronic module comprising:a source terminal configured to receive an input current from an electrical voltage source and comprising an electrical input capacitance which is effective with respect to the source terminal, wherein the input capacitance is connected to the source terminal via a transistor circuit, wherein the transistor circuit is configured to conduct the input current via a respective switching path of at least one transistor, and a control device is configured to switch, during a switch-on process for limiting the input current, a control voltage stepwise at a respective control terminal of the at least one transistor, in a plurality of steps, from an off value, at which the respective switching path is switched off, to a connection value, at which a contact resistance of the respective switching path is minimized.

US Pat. No. 10,923,907

DIRECTION-TO-FAULT AND ZONE-BASED DISTANCE-TO-FAULT ELECTRIC POWER SECTIONALIZER SYSTEMS

Southern States, LLC, Ha...

1. An electric power fault detection, isolation and restoration system, comprising:an electric power line extending between first and second substation breakers;
a tap point on the electric power line located between the first and second substation breakers, and outside of any substation, connecting a tapped line section to the electric power line;
a smart tap unit at the tap point comprising a first switch for disconnecting the electric power line between the tap point and the first substation breaker, a first sensor for measuring first voltage and current values for the electric power line proximate to the first switch, a second switch for disconnecting the electric power line between the tap point and the second substation breaker, a second sensor for measuring second voltage and current values for the electric power line proximate to the second switch, and a third switch for disconnecting the electric power line from the tapped line section;
the smart tap unit further comprising a controller configured to autonomously isolate electric faults occurring on the electric power line by:
detecting a fault on the electric power line,
determining a direction-to-fault from the tap point to the fault based on the voltage and current measurements for the electric power line,
determining a zone-based distance-to-fault from the tap point to the fault based on the voltage and current measurements for the electric power line,
selecting one of the first, second or third switches to isolate the fault based on one or more of the direction-to-fault and the zone-based distance-to-fault determinations,
opening the selected switch to isolate the fault.

US Pat. No. 10,923,904

OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION UNIT, OVERVOLTAGE PROTECTION METHOD, SAMPLING MODULE, PIXEL CIRCUIT AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

HEFEI XINSHENG OPTOELECTR...

1. A pixel circuit, comprising a pixel driver sub-circuit and a sampling module, wherein the sampling module comprises a sense line and an overvoltage protection unit, the overvoltage protection unit comprises a comparator and an output switch, the sense line is connected with both the comparator and the output switch and is configured to supply the actual sampled voltage to the comparator and the output switch;wherein the pixel driver sub-circuit is connected with a sense line in the sampling module;
wherein a first input terminal of the comparator is supplied with a predetermined maximum voltage, a second input terminal of the comparator is supplied with an actual sampled voltage, an output terminal of the comparator is connected with a control terminal of the output switch and the actual sampled voltage is supplied to an input terminal of the output switch;
the output switch selectively outputs the actual sampled voltage in accordance with an output signal of the comparator;
wherein the output switch comprises an inverter and a transmission gate;
an input terminal of the inverter is connected with the output terminal of the comparator, and an output terminal of the inverter is connected with a first control terminal of the transmission gate;
a second control terminal of the transmission gate is connected with the output terminal of the comparator, and an input terminal of the transmission gate is supplied with the actual sampled voltage;
the transmission gate outputs the actual sampled voltage when the comparator outputs the first voltage signal, and the transmission gate is turned off when the comparator outputs the second voltage signal; and
the output switch selectively outputs the actual sampled voltage in accordance with an output signal of the comparator.

US Pat. No. 10,923,902

FUSE SYSTEM FOR AT LEAST ONE LOAD OF A VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A fuse system (1) for at least one load (V1, V2, Vn) of a vehicle, the fusing system comprising:a fuse apparatus (10) that has at least one electronic fuse (S1, S2, Sn) for the at least one load (V1, V2, Vn), and
an evaluation and control circuit (12) that evaluates a load current (iL1, iL2, iLn) through the at least one electronic fuse (S1, S2, Sn) and compares said load current with at least one specified disconnection criterion of a first parameter set (P1), wherein the evaluation and control circuit (12) initiates a trip process that trips the at least one electronic fuse (S1, S2, Sn) and disconnects the load current (iL1, iL2, iLn) to a corresponding load (V1, V2, Vn) if the at least one specified disconnection criterion is satisfied, wherein an evaluation and control unit (20) additionally evaluates the load current (iL1, iL2, iLn) through the at least one electronic fuse (S1, S2, Sn) and compares said load current (iL1, iL2, iLn) with at least one specified complex disconnection criterion of a complex parameter set (P1K) and interrupts a trip process initiated by the evaluation and control circuit (12) by outputting at least one corresponding control signal to the evaluation and control circuit (12) for a predetermined period of time, wherein the evaluation and control circuit (12) terminates the trip process if the load current (iL1, iL2, iLn) does not satisfy the at least one complex disconnection criterion or trips the at least one electronic fuse (S1, S2, Sn) and disconnects the load current (iL1, iL2, iLn) to the corresponding load (V1, V2, Vn) if the load current (iL1, iL2, iLn) satisfies the at least one complex disconnection criterion, wherein the evaluation and control circuit (12) monitors a functionality of the evaluation and control unit (20) and, in the event of erroneous operation of the evaluation and control unit (20) being identified, changes over to an emergency mode in which the evaluation and control circuit (12) ignores control signals from the evaluation and control unit (20) and evaluates the load current (iL1, iL2, iLn) through the at least one electronic fuse (S1, S2, Sn) and compares said load current with at least one specified disconnection criterion of an emergency parameter set (PNL), wherein the evaluation and control circuit (12) trips the at least one electronic fuse (S1, S2, Sn) and disconnects the load current (iL1, iL2, iLn) to the corresponding load (V1, V2, Vn) if the at least one specified disconnection criterion of the emergency parameter set (PNL) is satisfied.

US Pat. No. 10,923,900

LOW VOLTAGE PROTECTION DEVICE WITH CLOCK TESTING

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. An electronic protection device for a low voltage electric line, said protection device being provided with a control unit comprising a controller including digital data processing resources clocked by a first clock source adapted to provide a first clock signal (CK1) with a first nominal clock frequency (fi), said control unit comprising a clock testing arrangement adapted to check whether said first clock source is properly operating, wherein said clock testing arrangement comprises:a second clock source adapted to provide a second clock signal (CK2) with a second nominal clock frequency (f2), said second clock source being adapted to operate independently from said first clock source;
a task-performing module clocked by said second clock source, said task-performing module being adapted to perform a predefined testing task within an expected time interval (TE);
a data processing module clocked by said first clock source and adapted to control the operation of said task-performing module, said data processing module being adapted to determine whether said first clock source is properly operating by obtaining a measured time value (TM) indicative of the time employed by said task-performing module (62) to perform said predefined testing task and by comparing said measured time value (TM) with said expected time interval (TE).

US Pat. No. 10,923,899

GROUND FAULT PROTECTION SYSTEM

Shanghai Fudan Microelect...

1. A ground fault protection system, comprising a ground fault protection device and a detection circuit,wherein the ground fault protection device comprises a current transformer module, a detection coil module and a ground fault circuit interrupter which connects the current transformer module with the detection coil module,
wherein the current transformer module comprises a current transformer, the detection coil module comprises a detection coil, and a hot and a neutral provide an alternating current signal and penetrate through the current transformer and the detection coil;
the current transformer module is configured to output a mutual inductance current to the ground fault circuit interrupter, when the current transformer and the detection coil form mutual inductance and form a current path with the ground fault circuit interrupter; and
the ground fault circuit interrupter is configured to output a disconnection control signal to disconnect connection of the hot and the neutral with a load based on the mutual inductance current,
wherein the detection circuit comprises a signal generation module,
wherein the signal generation module is configured to output a test signal which comprises at least one pulse signal in one cycle of the alternating current signal, wherein the pulse signal enables the mutual inductance to be formed between the current transformer and the detection coil.

US Pat. No. 10,923,895

HINGED MUD RING ASSEMBLY

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. A mud ring assembly for supporting an electrical device, the mud ring assembly comprising:a base member configured to be coupled to a junction box, the base member configured to extend around only a portion of the junction box perimeter; and
a movable member configured to support the electrical device, the movable member being pivotably connected to the base member and pivotable relative to the base member between a closed position in which a back of the electrical device is enclosed in the junction box and an open position in which the back of the electrical device is accessible, the movable member being securable in the closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,923,894

PUSH-IN ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR INSERTABLE FROM THE INSIDE OR OUTSIDE OF A JUNCTION BOX

Arlington Industries, Inc...

18. An electrical connector, comprising:a tubular connector body including a sidewall, a bore, a flange, an inner end, and an outer end;
an inner body portion extending from said flange to said inner end;
an outer body portion extending from said flange to said outer end;
at least one gripper jaw extending from said inner body portion;
at least one compressible arm extending from said outer body portion;
an edge on said gripper jaw;
an outer notch on said outer body portion;
said outer notch extending from said outer end of said connector and terminating at an outer abutment surface of said flange;
an inner notch on said inner body portion;
said inner notch extending from said inner end of said connector to an inner abutment surface of said flange; and
said outer notch is an inwardly arcuate portion of the sidewall of the connector body.

US Pat. No. 10,923,893

TUBING STRUCTURE WITH MAGNETIC CONTROL

Wistron Corporation, New...

1. A tubing structure comprising:a first unit comprising:
a first body; and
at least one first magnetic component disposed inside the first body;
a second unit movably connected to the first unit, the second unit comprising:
a second body movably engaging with the first body; and
at least one second magnetic component disposed inside the second body and located at a position corresponding to the at least one first magnetic component; and
a controller electrically connected to at least one of the at least one first magnetic component and the at least one second magnetic component, the controller selectively controlling the at least one first magnetic component and the at least one second magnetic component to magnetically attract or repulse each other to drive the second body to move relative to the first body for inclining the second unit relative to the first unit.

US Pat. No. 10,923,892

CABLE CLEAT ASSEMBLY

Panduit Corp., Tinley Pa...

1. A cable cleat assembly for securing cables to a ladder rack, the cable cleat assembly comprising:a base with a top, a bottom, sides, and two open ends; wherein each open end includes a retaining tab with alignment ribs extending from the end; and
two side bodies, each side body is pivotally mounted to the base;
wherein each side body has a first end, a middle section, and a second end; each first end has a mounting member, the mounting member having a peg extending from each side of the mounting member and a circumferential rib extending around the mounting member.

US Pat. No. 10,923,891

PRESSURE RELIEF MECHANISMS FOR GAS INSULATED SWITCHGEAR (GIS) HOUSINGS AND RELATED GIS HOUSINGS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A housing for gas in a gas insulated switchgear (GIS) system, the housing comprising a pressure relief mechanism incorporated into the housing,wherein the pressure relief mechanism is defined by a portion of the housing for gas in the GIS system having a first thickness, different from a second thickness of a remaining portion of the housing for gas in the GIS system adjacent the pressure relief mechanism, the first thickness being less than the second thickness and the first thickness being uniform throughout the pressure relief mechanism; and
wherein the pressure relief mechanism is configured to rupture at predetermined overpressure conditions to vent bi-products of an arc fault in the GIS system.

US Pat. No. 10,923,888

INTERCHANGEABLE SWITCHGEAR MODULES AND RELATED SYSTEMS

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A modular switchgear system, the system comprising:at least two separate modules including components of the modular switchgear, the at least two separate modules being independent of one another, one of the at least two separate modules being a stationary module and at least one remaining module of the at least two separate modules being removable such that the at least one remaining module of the at least two separate modules is configured to engage and disengage easily from the stationary module and an electrical power system,
wherein the stationary module and/or the at least one remaining module of the at least two separate modules comprise a low-voltage compartment, a control unit, a three-position disconnector operating mechanism, an insulating gas in a gas tank, a circuit breaker, a circuit breaker operating mechanism, voltage transformers (VTs), bus bar connectors, current transformers (CTs), a bus connector, and a cable connector,
wherein the VTs comprise a non-fused VT.

US Pat. No. 10,923,887

WIRE FOR AN IGNITION COIL ASSEMBLY, IGNITION COIL ASSEMBLY, AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING THE WIRE AND IGNITION COIL ASSEMBLY

Tenneco Inc., Lake Fores...

1. A corona igniter assembly, comprising:an ignition coil assembly including a coil support formed of a magnetic material and at least one wire,
said at least one wire comprising a wire core including a copper-based material,
said at least one wire including a coating applied to said wire core, and
said coating including magnetic nanoparticles, and said magnetic nanoparticles including graphene and iron oxide (Fe3O4).

US Pat. No. 10,923,885

SURGE PROTECTION COMPONENT AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A SURGE PROTECTION COMPONENT

EPCOS AG, Munich (DE)

1. A surge protection component having a main body which has at least one inner electrode arranged between two ceramic layers, wherein the at least one inner electrode abuts each of the two ceramic layers, wherein the main body includes a first lateral face and a second lateral face, wherein a first outer electrode covers the first lateral face and a second outer electrode covers the second lateral face,wherein the at least one inner electrode is set back from the first outer electrode, and a first gas-filled cavity is provided between the at least one inner electrode and the first outer electrode, and
wherein the at least one inner electrode is set back from the second outer electrode, and a second gas-filled cavity is provided between the at least one inner electrode and the second outer electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,923,884

TWO-SECTION EDGE-EMITTING LASER

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system, comprising:a waveguide; and
an edge-emitting laser configured to emit coherent light out of the edge-emitting laser into the waveguide, the edge-emitting laser including an optical cavity having an active gain section and a passive section;
wherein the active gain section is configured to amplify an optical power of light reflecting within the optical cavity,
wherein the passive section increases a functional length of the optical cavity without further amplifying the optical power of the light reflecting within the optical cavity, and
wherein a total length of the optical cavity is configured such that coherence peaks of optical path lengths (OPLs) of the coherent light output from the optical cavity and into the waveguide do not match interfering OPLs in the waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,923,882

NITRIDE SEMICONDUCTOR LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

USHIO DENKI KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. A nitride semiconductor light-emitting device comprising:a nitride semiconductor substrate including a main surface having an off angle of 0.4° to 5° with respect to a (0001) plane;
a first semiconductor layer formed of an n-type or p-type AlGaN or AlInGaN formed on the main surface of the nitride semiconductor substrate;
a second semiconductor layer formed of a nitride semiconductor having In composition of 2% or higher formed on the first semiconductor layer;
an active layer formed on the second semiconductor layer including a well layer formed of a nitride semiconductor having In composition higher than the In composition of the second semiconductor layer and a barrier layer formed of a nitride semiconductor stacked therein;
a third semiconductor layer formed on the active layer having a conductivity type different from the conductivity type of the first semiconductor layer; and
a fourth semiconductor layer formed between the main surface of the nitride semiconductor substrate and the first semiconductor layer, and formed of a nitride semiconductor having In composition of 2% or higher, the In composition lower than the In composition of the well layer, wherein
the first semiconductor layer has a lower In composition than the fourth semiconductor layer.

US Pat. No. 10,923,880

SEMICONDUCTOR LASER DEVICE, DIFFRACTION GRATING STRUCTURE, AND DIFFRACTION GRATING

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A vernier-type wavelength-tunable semiconductor laser device comprisingan optical resonator, constituted by first and second reflective elements having reflection comb spectra in which reflection peaks are arranged on a wavelength axis in a substantially periodic manner and having mutually different periods,
wherein at least one of the first and second reflective elements has a sampled grating structure having a reflection comb spectrum in which reflection phases at the respective reflection peaks are aligned and an intensity of a reflection peak outside a set laser emission wavelength bandwidth is lower than an intensity of a reflection peak within the laser emission wavelength bandwidth, wherein
a plurality of reflection peaks adjacent to each other within the set laser emission wavelength bandwidth have substantially the same magnitude and at least two reflection peaks outside the set laser emission wavelength bandwidth at the two ends therein have magnitude less than said same magnitude, and
reflection phases substantially coincide with each other at all the reflection peaks in the reflection comb spectra without providing a phase adjustment region to perform phase adjustment in the vernier-type wavelength-tunable semiconductor laser device.

US Pat. No. 10,923,879

METHOD FOR FABRICATING AN ELCTRO-ABSORPTION MODULATED LASER AND ELECTRO-ABSORPTION MODULATED LASER

1. A method for fabricating an electroabsorption modulated laser, comprising:generating a single mode laser section and an electroabsorption modulator section, comprising fabricating at least one n-doped layer of the laser section and at least one n-doped layer of the modulator section;
generating an isolating section for electrically isolating at least the n-doped layer of the laser section and the n-doped layer of the modulator section from one another,
wherein generating the isolating section comprises epitaxially growing at least one isolating layer and structuring the isolating layer before the generation of the n-doped layer of the laser section and the n-doped layer of the modulator section,
wherein after generating the isolating section and the n-doped layers, an active layer stack of the laser section and an active layer stack of the modulator section are epitaxially grown adjacent the isolating section and on top of the n-doped layer of the laser section and the n-doped layer of the modulator section, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,923,877

SURFACE-MOUNT LASER APPARATUS AND OUTPUT OPTICAL POWER MONITORING METHOD

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A surface-mount laser apparatus, comprising:an on-chip laser,
a single passive waveguide, and
a waveguide detector, wherein:
the waveguide detector comprises: a first ridge waveguide, and an electrode, wherein the electrode is configured to connect to a bonding pad on a base board, wherein the base board comprises an optical waveguide; and
the on-chip laser comprises a second ridge waveguide; and the on-chip laser is configured to output test light;
the single passive waveguide is configured to:
split the test light into first test light and second test light, wherein optical energy of the first test light is higher than optical energy of the second test light;
couple the first test light into the optical waveguide of the base board, wherein the first test light is output from the optical waveguide of the base board; and
couple the second test light directly into the waveguide detector; and
the waveguide detector is configured to determine, using the electrode, a photocurrent corresponding to the second test light, wherein the photocurrent is corresponding to optical power of the first test light detected after the first test light is output from the optical waveguide of the base board;
wherein the on-chip laser is coupled with the single passive waveguide by the second ridge waveguide; and
wherein the waveguide detector is coupled with the single passive waveguide by the first ridge waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,923,875

INTEGRATED COMPONENT FOR AN OPTICAL AMPLIFIER

Lumentum Operations LLC, ...

1. An optical device, comprising:a package having:
a first port for receiving signal light;
a source for providing pump light;
a combiner for combining the signal light and the pump light into combined light;
a second port for sending the combined light;
a third port for receiving amplified light;
a free-space optical system for filtering amplified signal light from the amplified light,
and
a fourth port for sending the amplified signal light after the filtering,
wherein the free-space optical system includes beam shaping optics, that enlarge a beam size of the amplified light prior to the filtering, between the third port and the fourth port.

US Pat. No. 10,923,873

LASER PROCESSING APPARATUS

DISCO CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A laser processing apparatus comprising:a chuck table that holds a workpiece;
a laser beam applying unit that applies a pulsed laser beam of a wavelength having a predetermined line width to the workpiece held by the chuck table; and
a moving unit that performs relative processing feeding of the chuck table and the laser beam applying unit,
wherein the laser beam applying unit includes
a laser oscillator that oscillates the pulsed laser beam,
a focusing device that focuses the pulsed laser beam oscillated by the laser oscillator,
a pulse width adjustment unit that is disposed between the laser oscillator and the focusing device and that generates a time difference in a wavelength region of the pulsed laser beam in the line width, thereby adjusting pulse width;
a half-wave plate that is disposed between the laser oscillator and a polarization beam splitter that splits the pulsed laser beam oscillated by the laser oscillator, and that selectively positions P polarized light or S polarized light relative to the polarization beam splitter, and
a first quarter-wave that is disposed between the polarization beam splitter and the pulse width adjustment unit and that converts the P polarized light selected by the half-wave plate into circularly polarized light,
wherein the pulsed laser beam of the circularly polarized light with a rotation direction reversed by the pulse width adjustment unit is guided to the first quarter-wave plate to be converted into S polarized light, and the pulsed laser beam converted into the S polarized light is reflected by the polarization beam splitter to be incident on the focusing device.

US Pat. No. 10,923,872

TOOL FOR DISCONNECTING A CONNECTOR

TERADYNE, INC., North Re...

1. A tool comprising:a first arm comprising first handle and a first part having a first notch, the first notch for engaging a first connector connected to a circuit board;
a second arm comprising a second handle and a second part having a second notch, the second notch for engaging a second connector connected to a cable; and
a hinge to connect the first arm to the second arm;
wherein the hinge is biased so that, when the tool is not in use, the first handle and the second handle are apart and also the first part and the first notch are flush against the second part and the second notch.

US Pat. No. 10,923,871

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF CRIMPING TERMINAL

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A manufacturing method of a crimping terminal comprising:a terminal supply step of supplying the crimping terminal to a crimping position with a wire by a terminal supply device, the crimping terminal including a terminal connection portion to be connected to a counterpart terminal, a wire connection portion to be crimped onto the wire, and a joint portion linking side walls of the terminal connection portion and the wire connection portion along an axial direction of the wire;
a support step of supporting a bottom portion of the crimping terminal supplied to the crimping position by a first mold;
a crimp step of deforming the wire connection portion while relatively moving toward the first mold, and crimping the wire connection portion onto a core wire of the wire by a second mold; and
a regulation step of regulating a width of the joint portion so as not to be wider than a width of the terminal connection portion, by sandwiching each of the joint portion and the terminal connection portion from both sides in a width direction by a regulation portion when the second mold crimps the wire connection portion.

US Pat. No. 10,923,869

VEHICLE HARNESS CONNECTOR INTERFACE ASSEMBLIES

1. A connector interface assembly comprising:a housing comprising a first side part and a second side part; and
a printed circuit board comprising a first end having a connector, an opposite second end having a first receiving port, and an upper surface having a second receiving port and a pair of coaxial ports extending therefrom, the second receiving port and the pair of coaxial ports of the upper surface extend in a direction perpendicular to the connector and the first receiving port, the connector is different from the first receiving port;
wherein the printed circuit board is positioned between the first side part and the second side part such that the housing at least partially surrounds the printed circuit board between the first side part and the second side part.

US Pat. No. 10,923,868

LOW VOLTAGE POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

IDEAL Industries, Inc., ...

1. A low voltage power distribution system comprising:an electrical bus comprising a carrier and an electrically conductive element linearly arranged along the carrier;
a plurality of connector modules with a base power setting and a maximum allowed power, the connector module adapted to be releasably couplable to the carrier being in electrical communication with the electrical bus;
a power supply unit with an amount used of the total power; and
a control module configured to monitor the available power and amount used of the total power of the low voltage bus system, the control module in communication with each of the connector modules and capable of retrieving the base power setting;
wherein when a new connector module is connected to the electrical bus, the control module:
redistributes the maximum allowed power of each of the connected modules if the base power setting of the new module exceeds the available power, and
assigns a new module allowed maximum power to the new module wherein the allowed maximum power is:
the base power setting if the available power exceeds the base power setting of the new module, and
a fraction of the base power setting if the base power setting of the new module exceeds the available power.

US Pat. No. 10,923,867

PLUG ASSEMBLIES

1. A vehicle-trailer wiring plug assembly comprising:a plug housing that is configured to be positioned in a receptacle assembly of a vehicle-trailer wiring connector assembly;
six connector cavities that are defined in the plug housing and that are radially disposed around a connecting face of the plug housing in accordance with the Society of Automotive Engineers (“SAE”) J2863 standard;
a first electrical connector disposed and positioned with respect to a first connector cavity of the six connector cavities such that a first contact surface of the first electrical connector is contactable within the first connector cavity;
a second electrical connector disposed and positioned with respect to a second connector cavity of the six connector cavities such that a second contact surface of the second electrical connector is contactable within the second connector cavity;
a third electrical connector disposed and positioned with respect to a third connector cavity of the six connector cavities such that a third contact surface of the third electrical connector is contactable within the third connector cavity;
a fourth electrical connector disposed and positioned with respect to a fourth connector cavity of the six connector cavities such that a fourth contact surface of the fourth electrical connector is contactable within the fourth connector cavity;
a fifth electrical connector disposed and positioned with respect to a fifth connector cavity of the six connector cavities such that a fifth contact surface of the fifth electrical connector is contactable within the fifth connector cavity;
a sixth electrical connector disposed and positioned with respect to a sixth connector cavity of the six connector cavities such that a sixth contact surface of the sixth electrical connector is contactable within the sixth connector cavity; and
a seventh electrical connector disposed and positioned with respect to the plug housing such that a seventh contact surface of the seventh electrical connector is substantially aligned with an outer surface of the plug housing and externally contactable and such that the seventh electrical connector is positioned relative to the first electrical connector in a manner in which the second electrical connector is electrically insulated from the first electrical connector.

US Pat. No. 10,923,866

CONNECTION TERMINAL AND TERMINAL CONNECTION STRUCTURE

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A connection terminal comprising:a tubular electric wire connection portion which is configured to be tightened and crimped to an end portion of an electric wire;
a tubular intermediate portion which comprises one end continuously formed at one open end of the electric wire connection portion and which has a cross-sectional shape larger than a cross-sectional shape of the electric wire connection portion;
a tubular terminal connection portion which is continuously formed at another end of the intermediate portion and which has a cross-sectional shape larger than the cross-sectional shape of the intermediate portion; and
a terminal contact portion which protrudes inwardly from the terminal connection portion, wherein
the tubular electric wire connection portion is configured to be crimped on the end portion of the electric wire in a first orientation in which the tubular intermediate portion and the tubular terminal connection portion extend away from the end portion and are spaced away from the end portion and in a second orientation in which the tubular intermediate portion engages the electric wire and the electric wire passes through each of the tubular intermediate portion and the tubular terminal connection portion.

US Pat. No. 10,923,862

CONNECTOR

YING HAO TECHNOLOGY CO., ...

1. A connector, comprising:a shell, configured to protect the connector and to be plugged into a connecting port slot;
a plurality of terminal connecting portions, electrically connected to the connecting port slot, the plurality of terminal connecting portions having first terminals of an upper row and second terminals of a lower row corresponding to the first terminals;
a circuit board between the first terminals and the second terminals, comprising:
a first contact portion, electrically coupled to the first terminals;
a second contact portion, electrically coupled to the second terminals; and
a ground layer, between the first terminals and the second terminals; and
a cover, fixed to the shell, the cover arranged between the circuit board and the shell to fix the circuit board in the shell.

US Pat. No. 10,923,861

ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELD FOR AN ELECTRICAL TERMINAL WITH INTEGRAL SPRING CONTACT ARMS

APTIV TECHNOLOGIES LIMITE...

1. An electromagnetic terminal shield, comprising:a shield body formed of sheet metal having a connector opening configured to receive a corresponding mating terminal shield and a cable opening configured to receive a wire cable; and
a plurality of cantilevered spring arms integrally formed with the shield body having fixed ends attached to the connector opening and free ends disposed within a shield cavity defined by the shield body, the free ends interconnected by a cross bar, wherein the plurality of cantilevered spring arms includes a first spring arm, a second spring arm generally parallel to the first spring arm, and a third spring arm generally parallel to the second spring arm.

US Pat. No. 10,923,859

CROSSTALK REDUCING CONNECTOR PIN GEOMETRY

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A connector to connect a printed circuit board (PCB) with a memory device, comprising:a housing couplable with the PCB;
a first signal pin coupled with the housing, wherein the first signal pin includes a first portion that includes a first curve, and a second portion that extends from the first portion and includes a second curve; and
a second signal pin coupled with the housing and disposed adjacent to the first signal pin, wherein the second signal pin includes a third portion that includes a third curve, and a fourth portion that extends from the third portion and includes a fourth curve, wherein the first curve is curved in a first opposite direction relative to the third curve, and wherein the second curve is curved in a second opposite direction relative to the fourth curve,
wherein the first curve is curved downward away from the first portion of the first signal pin, and wherein the third curve is curved upward away from the third portion of the second signal pin, wherein the second curve is curved outward away from the second portion of the first signal pin, and wherein the fourth curve is curved inward away from the fourth portion of the second signal pin, wherein the first signal pin is to couple with the PCB at an end of the second curve, wherein the second signal pin is to couple with the PCB by an end of the third curve; and
a ground pin, coupled with the housing, adjacent to the first signal pin and the second signal pin, wherein the ground pin includes a fifth portion and a sixth portion that extends from the fifth portion and is disposed at a substantially orthogonal angle relative to the fifth portion, wherein the fifth portion includes the first curve and the second curve, and wherein the sixth portion includes the third curve and the fourth curve,
wherein the first curve of the ground pin is curved outward from the fifth portion, and wherein the second curve of the ground pin is curved inward away from the fifth portion, forming a void between the first and second curves of the ground pin,
wherein the third curve of the ground pin is curved upward away from the second portion, and wherein the fourth curve of the ground pin is curved inward away from the second portion, forming a void between the third and fourth curves of the ground pin, and
wherein the ground pin is to couple with the PCB by the end of the sixth portion that comprises an end of the third curve and an end of the fourth curve of the ground pin.

US Pat. No. 10,923,858

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

DAI-ICHI SEIKO CO., LTD.,...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a first connector that is mounted on a circuit board; and
a second connector that is connected to coaxial cables and, through fitting of the first connector and the second connector to each other, connecting the circuit board and the coaxial cables to each other, wherein the first connector includes:
a plurality of conductive first contacts to each of which a board connecting portion that connects to the circuit board, a rising portion that, bending at one end of the board connecting portion, extends in a direction away from the circuit board, and a first contact contacting portion that, bending at one end of the rising portion, extends in a direction along the circuit board and comes into contact with an opposite contact disposed to the second connector are formed and that are arranged in a row;
conductive walls that have lower edges extending along the first contacts and connected entirely to ground electrodes of the circuit board and upper edges provided opposite to the lower edges and extending along the first contacts, are erected at both ends of an arrangement of the first contacts and at locations that partition the first contacts for each signal to be transmitted, and project at both ends of an arrangement of the opposite contacts and at locations that partition the opposite contacts for each signal to be transmitted;
an insulating first housing that holds the first contacts and the walls; and
a conductive first shell that is mounted to the first housing in such a manner as to be spaced apart from and cover the first contacts and the walls and is connected to a ground electrode of the circuit board,
the second connector includes:
a plurality of conductive second contacts to each of which a cable connecting portion that connects to an inner conductor of one of the coaxial cables and a second contact contacting portion that comes into contact with one of the first contact contacting portions when the second connector is fitted to the first connector are formed and that extend in a direction along the circuit board, are arranged in a row in a corresponding manner to the first contacts, and serve as the opposite contacts;
an insulating second housing that holds the second contacts and to which gaps for housing the walls projecting from the first connector are disposed;
a conductive second shell that is mounted to the second housing in such a manner as to be spaced away from and cover the second contacts and the walls and is connected to the first shell when the second connector is fitted to the first connector; and
a conductive ground bar that connects to outer conductors of the coaxial cables and connects to the second shell, and
a gap is disposed between each of the upper edges of walls and the first and second shells.

US Pat. No. 10,923,856

POLARIZATION FEATURE FOR A RECEPTACLE CAGE

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A receptacle connector assembly comprising:a receptacle cage configured to be mounted to a host circuit board, the receptacle cage having a top wall, a first side wall extending from the top wall and a second side wall extending from the top wall opposite the first side wall, the top wall, the first side wall and the second side wall forming a module channel configured to receive a pluggable module, the top wall being non-planar having a shroud extending therefrom forming a cage polarization feature, the shroud having a first shroud side wall, a second shroud side wall and a shroud top wall forming a trapezoidal shaped polarization feature channel configured to receive a polarization feature of the pluggable module; and
a communication connector positioned relative to the module channel for interfacing with the pluggable module, the communication connector configured to be electrically connected to the host circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,923,854

CONNECTOR AND CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A connector comprisinga connector body, terminals mounted to the connector body, and reinforcing brackets mounted to each of two ends in a longitudinal direction of the connector body, wherein:
the connector body includes mating guide parts formed on the two ends in the longitudinal direction, the parts mating configured to mate with counterpart mating guide parts formed on two ends in the longitudinal direction of a counterpart connector body of a counterpart connector;
each of the reinforcing brackets includes a pair of left and right slide guides disposed on the mating guide part which are configured to engage with a pair of left and right slide engagement parts of a counterpart reinforcing bracket mounted to the counterpart mating guide part, only one of the reinforcing brackets including a receiving member;
the receiving member is configured to submerge when the counterpart mating guide part mates with the mating guide part; and
the receiving member is configured to emerge and latch the counterpart mating guide part when the slide engagement part engages with the slide guide and the counterpart mating guide part slides on the mating guide part in the longitudinal direction relative to the mating guide part.

US Pat. No. 10,923,851

OUTDOOR ELECTRICAL PLUG AND SOCKET COVER

AMPFIBIAN HOLDINGS PTY LT...

1. A cover device for an electrical plug and socket junction, the cover device comprising:two parts that are able to be arranged to configure the cover device in an open configuration or a closed configuration;
a space defined between the two parts that is able to accommodate an electrical lead that is coupled to a plug or socket connector; and
a spring biased lead restraint mechanism within the space between the two parts, wherein the spring biased lead restraint mechanism includes at least one rotatable cleat that is spring biased to rotate into engagement with the lead when the cover device is in the closed configuration, thereby to prevent movement of the lead when the cover device is in the closed configuration without applying tension to the attachment of the lead to the plug or socket connector.

US Pat. No. 10,923,849

CONNECTOR

J.S.T. MFG. CO., LTD., O...

1. A connector comprising:a housing including
an accommodation passage configured to extend along a connector mating direction and accommodate a connector terminal, and
a retainer insertion space configured to communicate with the accommodation passage in a widthwise direction and open to a connector mating front side and
a retainer including
an insertion wall configured to extend along the connector mating direction so as to correspond to a shape of the retainer insertion space, and
a locking claw configured to protrude from a rear portion of the insertion wall with respect to the connector mating direction toward the accommodation passage, wherein
the housing is provided with a locking protrusion configured to protrude in a vertical direction at a rear portion of the retainer insertion space with respect to the mating direction,
when the retainer is inserted from the connector mating front side into the retainer insertion space, the locking claw gets over the locking protrusion to be engaged therewith, and thus a pre-locked position at which detachment of the retainer to the front side with respect to the mating direction is prevented is obtained, and
when the connector terminal is inserted into the accommodation passage from the rear side with respect to the mating direction, and then the retainer is moved in the widthwise direction, a full-locked position at which the locking claw of the retainer engages with a step formed in the rear portion of the connector terminal with respect to the connector mating direction, and detachment of the connector terminal toward the rear side with respect to the mating direction is prevented is obtained.

US Pat. No. 10,923,848

MODULAR BARREL CONTACT SYSTEM FOR ELECTRICAL CONNECTORS

Carlisle Interconnect Tec...

1. An electrical connector comprising:a housing including a front face and an opposite rear face, the housing further including a plurality of contact-receiving cavities extending in an axial direction from the front face to the rear face; and
a plurality of barrel contact systems, each barrel contact system comprising:
a barrel body having a cavity extending in an axial direction from a front face of the barrel body to an opposite rear face;
a wire section disposed within the barrel body, a portion of which extending outwardly from the rear face of the barrel body; and
an electrically conductive contact having an attachment tab, the attachment tab disposed within the barrel body along the front face and abutting the wire section, the electrically conductive contact extending outwardly from the barrel body, wherein the wire section and attachment tab are crimped together within the barrel body, and
wherein each barrel contact system is received in a corresponding one of the contact-receiving cavities of the housing, and wherein the wire section extends outwardly along the rear face of the housing and the electrically conductive contact extends outwardly along the front face of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,923,847

MALE TERMINAL POSITION ASSURANCE (TPA) DEVICE FOR A CONNECTOR AND METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING THEREOF

J.S.T. CORPORATION, Farm...

1. A male terminal position assurance (TPA) device for a male connector assembly having an inner housing, comprising:an upper member having opposing side members, said opposing side members having corresponding intermediate members respectively extending therefrom;
a lower member, said lower member of said male TPA device being in pre-lock position or full-lock position inside said inner housing, and
wherein said intermediate members lock corresponding terminals inside said inner housing when said male TPA device is in full-lock position inside said inner housing,
wherein at least an access hole of said inner housing receives a working device in one direction for moving said male TPA device in another direction and places said male TPA device in said pre-lock position or said full-lock position insider said inner housing.

US Pat. No. 10,923,846

MODULAR HIGH PERFORMANCE CONTACT ELEMENT

TE CONNNECTIVITY SERVICES...

1. A contact assembly for providing high current capabilities between an electrical terminal and a mating terminal, the contact assembly comprising:a conductive housing having a first end, a second end, an inner wall and an outer wall;
a spring contact element having first resilient contact arms, second resilient contact arms, and third resilient contact arms;
the first resilient contact arms positioned proximate the inner wall, the first resilient contact arms having mating contact engagement portions for engaging the mating terminal and first housing engagement portions for engaging the inner wall of the housing, the mating contact engagement portions having a twisted portion which allows edge portions of the mating contact engagement portions to be positioned closer to the inner wall of the housing;
the second resilient contact arms having second resilient contact portion bent portions which extend over the first end of the housing from the inner wall to the outer wall, the second resilient contact arms having first terminal engagement portions for engaging the electrical terminal and second housing engagement portions for engaging the outer wall of the housing;
the third resilient contact portions having third resilient contact portion bent portions which extend over the second end of the housing from the inner wall to the outer wall, the third resilient contact portions having second terminal engagement portions for engaging the electrical terminal and third housing engagement portions for engaging the outer wall of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,923,844

PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

APTIV TECHNOLOGIES LIMITE...

1. A printed circuit board assembly, comprising:a circuit board substrate; and
a circuit board trace having a circuit board contact region configured to be in intimate contact with a cable contact region of a cable circuit trace contained in flat cable, wherein the circuit board contact region defines a plurality of ridges formed by a serpentine pattern in the circuit board trace within the circuit board contact region protruding from a circuit board substrate surface.

US Pat. No. 10,923,843

RECEPTACLE ASSEMBLY HAVING CABLED RECEPTACLE CONNECTOR

TE CONNECTIVITY SERVICES ...

1. A cabled receptacle connector for a receptacle assembly comprising:a receptacle housing having a cavity extending between a front and a rear of the receptacle housing, the receptacle housing having a mating slot at the front configured to receive a pluggable module removably received in a receptacle cage of the receptacle assembly; and
a cable assembly received in the cavity at the rear of the receptacle housing, the cable assembly including a support frame having a platform supporting first mating contacts and second mating contacts, the first mating contacts having first mating ends extending into the mating slot for electrical connection with the pluggable module, the second mating contacts having second mating ends extending into the mating slot for electrical connection with the pluggable module, the cable assembly including cables coupled to the platform, the cables having conductors electrically connected to first terminating ends of the first mating contacts, the cables extending from the cable receptacle connector, the cable assembly including jumper contacts coupled to the support frame, the jumper contacts being electrically connected to the second mating contacts, the jumper contacts including mounting ends configured to be mounted to a host circuit board;
wherein first electrical paths are defined between the pluggable module and an electrical component remote from the receptacle housing by the first mating contacts and the cable conductors, and wherein second electrical paths are defined between the pluggable module and the host circuit board by the second mating contacts and the jumper contacts.

US Pat. No. 10,923,841

PORT FOR HEAT SINK ON ACTIVE CABLE END

International Business Ma...

1. A peripheral component interconnect comprising:a cable with a header, the header comprising:
a cable connector; and
a heat sink that has a cross-section that is reduced at an end that is opposite of the cable connector, wherein the heat sink is reduced by including a planar face instead of one corner; and
a card extending along a plane comprising:
a board connector; and
a bracket having a width and including a port with a first size dimension that is larger than a second size dimension of the port;
wherein the heat sink extends beyond the width of the bracket when the board connector and the cable connector are connected; and
wherein the heat sink has a third size dimension that is larger than the second size dimension and smaller than the first size dimension.

US Pat. No. 10,923,840

ENERGY SAVING USB RECEPTACLE

RAFFEL SYSTEMS, LLC, Ger...

1. A universal serial bus (USB) charging system comprising:a) a charging circuit comprising a power source comprising an enable/disable pin; and
b) a USB receptacle comprising USB terminals and a first shell side that is physically and/or electrically separated from a second shell side, wherein one of the shell sides is connected to a ground and the other shell side is electrically connected to an on/off logic circuit comprising a pull-up resistor, an inverter, or a transistor, and wherein the on/off logic circuit is electrically connected to the charging circuit comprising the power source and enable/disable pin;
wherein the charging circuit provides approximately 0 V direct current (DC) to the USB terminals when the USB receptacle is unmated with a USB plug; and wherein the charging circuit provides at least approximately 4.4 V DC to the USB terminals when a USB plug is mated with the USB receptacle and electrically connects the first shell side and the second shell side.

US Pat. No. 10,923,838

CONNECTING TERMINAL AND ELECTRICAL APPARATUS

NEXANS, Courbevoie (FR)

1. Terminal for connecting a conductor to a connector pin of an electrical apparatus, said terminal comprising:a first and a second threaded hole that both can receive a connector pin having an external thread,
wherein the first and second threaded hole intersect perpendicularly and the internal threads of the first and second threaded hold match the external thread of the connector pin, so that the terminal is screwable in two different orientations onto the connector pin,
wherein the terminal has a conductor channel for receiving the conductor, wherein the conductor channel extends along an axis which is parallel to an axial direction of the first threaded hole, and
wherein the terminal has a further threaded hole, which is oriented perpendicular to the axis of the conductor channel and intersects the conductor channel for receiving a pressure screw.

US Pat. No. 10,923,837

TERMINAL BLOCK WITH SEALING TERMINAL LUG

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A terminal block comprising:a housing including sidewalls defining a cavity, wherein one of the sidewalls defines a hole opening into the cavity;
a conductor supported in the cavity and configured to electrically connect with an inverter;
a terminal lug extending through the hole, the terminal lug including a body having a first end disposed in the cavity and attached to the conductor and a second end external to the cavity and configured to attach to a terminal lead of an electric machine, the terminal lug further including a support integrally formed with the body and disposed between the first and second ends to be located within the hole; and
a sealing member attached to the support and in sealing engagement with the hole to prevent fluid from entering the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,923,834

INTERMEDIATE PRODUCT AND METHOD FOR CRIMPING AN ELECTRICAL CONDUCTOR

TE Connectivity Germany G...

1. An intermediate product for crimping, comprising:an electrical conductor extending along a longitudinal axis, the electrical conductor has a shielding braid and an insulation at least partially enclosing the shielding braid, the electrical conductor has a radially compressed core in a region along the longitudinal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,923,833

REINFORCED FEMALE WIRE TERMINAL

APTIV TECHNOLOGIES LIMITE...

1. A female electrical terminal comprising:a box portion extending longitudinally from an attachment portion to an open forward end that is configured to receive a male electrical terminal, wherein the box portion is provided by an upper wall and a lower wall joined by a first lateral wall and a second lateral wall joined to the lower wall opposite the first lateral wall, wherein a portion of the upper wall overlaps and abuts a longitudinal edge of the second lateral wall opposite at a rearward end of the box portion opposite the open forward end, wherein the upper wall defines a cutout, and the second lateral wall includes a tab received in the cutout, and wherein the second lateral wall includes a lateral indentation longitudinally aligned with the tab.

US Pat. No. 10,923,832

CO-CONSTRUCTION ANTENNA MODULE

INPAQ TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD...

1. A co-construction antenna module, comprising:a carrier including a first surface, a second surface relative to the first surface, and a surrounding side connected between the first surface and the second surface;
a first patch antenna group including a plurality of first patch antennas disposed on the carrier, wherein the plurality of first patch antennas are disposed on at least one of the first surface and the second surface; and
a second patch antenna group including a plurality of second patch antennas disposed on the carrier, wherein the plurality of second patch antennas are disposed on at least one of the first surface and the second surface;
a first dipole antenna group disposed in the carrier; and
a second dipole antenna group disposed in the carrier;
wherein the first dipole antenna group is closer to the surrounding side than the first patch antenna group or the second patch antenna group, and the second dipole antenna group is closer to the surrounding side than the first patch antenna group or the second patch antenna group.

US Pat. No. 10,923,828

LENS ARRAYS CONFIGURATIONS FOR IMPROVED SIGNAL PERFORMANCE

Matsing, Inc., Irvine, C...

1. A lens array comprisinga first lens element comprising a first lens and a first feed element, wherein the first lens element is arranged on a first plane parallel to a ground; and
a second lens element juxtaposed with the first lens element and comprising a second lens and a second feed element, wherein the second lens element is arranged on a second plane parallel to the ground and to the first plane, wherein the second plane is offset perpendicularly from the first plane by a distance;
wherein the distance between the first plane and the second plane is sufficiently large that electromagnetic radiation directed to or emitted from the first feed element does not impinge upon the second lens element; and
wherein the first lens element and the second lens element are aligned on a third plane that is perpendicular to both the first and second planes.

US Pat. No. 10,923,827

SOLDIER-MOUNTED ANTENNA

Trivec-Avant Corporation,...

1. An antenna comprising:a support structure comprising:
a mast comprising a top portion, a bottom portion, a middle portion between the top portion and the bottom portion, and a sliding rod,
an end cap coupled to the sliding rod, and
a base coupled to the bottom portion of the mast; and
at least four antenna elements each shaped at least partially in a helix, a top end of each antenna element in the at least four antenna elements configured to couple to a bottom of the end cap, a bottom end of each antenna element in the at least four antenna elements configured to couple to a top of the base, the at least four antenna elements each twisted with a left-hand orientation;
wherein the sole mechanical connections of the at least four antenna elements with the support structure are at the bottom of the end cap and at the top of the base.

US Pat. No. 10,923,826

DOUBLE HELICAL ANTENNA

Wade Antenna Inc., Brant...

1. A double helical coil antenna which includes:a) a low frequency helical coil configured to operate in axial mode emitting a beam of radio waves with circular polarization in a preselected direction, wherein one end of the low frequency helical coil terminating on a ground plate;
b) a higher frequency helical coil configured to operate in axial mode emitting a beam of radio waves with circular polarization in a preselected direction, wherein the higher frequency helical coil concentrically mounted within the low frequency helical coil and with one end terminating onto the same ground plate,
c) wherein the higher frequency helical coil selected to have opposite polarization to the low frequency coil.

US Pat. No. 10,923,825

SPIRAL ANTENNA SYSTEM

SRC, Inc., North Syracus...

1. A spiral antenna, comprising:a first arm and a second arm, the first arm and second arm being interlaced with each other, each arm having a plurality of turns, the plurality of turns comprising:
an inner subset of circular turns,
an outer subset of turns, electrically coupled to the inner subset, having a shape with only four lines of symmetry; and
wherein the first arm and the second arm are defined by the equations:

US Pat. No. 10,923,824

CAPACITIVELY COUPLED PATCH ANTENNA

Tallysman Wireless Inc., ...

1. A patch antenna element comprising:a resonant metal plate;
a ground plate;
a dielectric substrate slab sandwiched between the resonant metal plate and the ground plate;
the resonant metal plate forming a resonant plane and the ground plate forming a ground plane, the resonant plane and the ground plane being parallel to each other; and
two feed pins orthogonally intersecting the resonant plane and the ground plane, each of the two feed pins being physically isolated from the ground plate and the resonant metal plate, each of the two feed pins comprising a first end protruding through a first aperture in the ground plate, each of the two feed pins further comprising a second end in proximity to a corresponding second aperture in the resonant metal plate, wherein the resonant metal plate is capacitively coupled to each of the two feed pins by a capacitive reactance between the resonant metal plate and each of the two feed pins; wherein
two lines through a center of the resonant metal plate through each of the second ends form orthogonal axes within the resonant plane; and
each of the two feed pin has a length which is less than a thickness of the dielectric substrate slab.

US Pat. No. 10,923,823

PATCH ANTENNA

AMOTECH CO., LTD., Inche...

1. A patch antenna mounted on a board, comprising:a dielectric layer;
a radiation patch formed on the upper surface of the dielectric layer;
a lower patch formed on the lower surface of the dielectric layer; and
an air gap formed in a region between the dielectric layer and the board,
wherein the dielectric layer is formed so that an area of the upper surface is wider than an area of the lower surface,
wherein the dielectric layer has a stepped portion formed along the outer circumference of the lower surface thereof, and
wherein the air gap is formed in a region between the board and the stepped portion and the air gap is formed in a ring shape.

US Pat. No. 10,923,822

WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS ANTENNA

WITS Co., Ltd., Gyeonggi...

1. A wireless communications antenna, comprising:a magnetic body comprising one or more slits formed therein; and
a coil part having solenoid form and disposed around the magnetic body,
wherein the one or more slits are configured such that the magnetic body is not disconnected and a magnetic path of the magnetic body is continuous, and
wherein the magnetic body has a magnetostriction coefficient of 5 or more.

US Pat. No. 10,923,821

MULTI-MODE WIRELESS ANTENNA CONFIGURATIONS

NuCurrent, Inc., Chicago...

1. An antenna, comprising:a) a substrate having a thickness that extends between proximal and distal substrate surfaces;
b) a first conductive wire forming a first coil having Ni number of turns, wherein the first coil is disposed in the substrate, wherein the first coil comprises a first coil sub-segment and a second coil sub-segment formed of a filar, wherein the filar comprises a turn bypassing over a portion of the first coil;
c) a second conductive wire forming a second coil having N2 number of turns, wherein the second coil is disposed in the substrate, and wherein at least a portion of the second coil is positioned within an inner perimeter formed by the first coil;
d) wherein at least one of the first conductive wire and the second conductive wire forming the first coil and the second coil respectively comprises two or more filars electrically connected in parallel, and wherein at least one via between at least a portion of the two or more filars provides the parallel electrical connection between the two or more filars;
e) a first ferrite material positioned adjacent to the first coil or spaced apart from the first coil, wherein the first ferrite material is selected from a group of material compositions consisting of manganese-zinc, nickel-zinc, copper-zinc, magnesium-zinc, nickel-copper-zinc, and combinations thereof, wherein the first ferrite material comprises a first permeability;
f) a second ferrite material positioned adjacent to the second coil, wherein the second ferrite material comprises a second permeability that differs from the first permeability;
g) at least one control unit, wherein the first coil or the second coil are electrically connected to the at least one control unit; and
h) wherein a first inductance is generatable by the first coil and a second inductance, different than the first inductance, is generatable by the second coil.

US Pat. No. 10,923,820

ELECTRONIC DEVICE FOR SUPPORTING SHORT-RANGE WIRELESS COMMUNICATION USING FIRST COIL AND SECOND COIL POSITIONED NEXT TO FIRST COIL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing including a first face oriented in a first direction, a second face oriented in a second direction that is opposite the first direction, and a side face between the first face and the second face;
a conductive material that forms at least a portion of the second face;
a first conductive coil located in the housing and below the second face when viewed from above the second face, the first conductive coil configured to generate a magnetic flux in the first direction or the second direction;
a second conductive coil located in the housing and next to the first conductive coil when viewed from above the second face, the second conductive coil connected to the first conductive coil in series to form a single current path, the second conductive coil configured to generate a magnetic flux in a direction opposite a direction of the magnetic flux generated by the first conductive coil;
a wireless communication circuit located in the housing and configured to feed current to the first conductive coil and the second conductive coil; and
a magnetic guide body configured to guide a magnetic flux radiated in the first direction or the second direction to (i) a third direction substantially perpendicular to the first direction or the second direction or (ii) a fourth direction opposite the third direction.

US Pat. No. 10,923,819

ANTENNA SYSTEM AND TERMINAL

Beijing Xiaomi Mobile Sof...

1. An antenna system, comprising:a first metal radiator, a second metal radiator, a first matching network, a second matching network, a first radio frequency path, and a second radio frequency path, wherein:
a tail end of the first metal radiator is connected with a first feed point of the antenna system and the first feed point is connected with the first radio frequency path through the first matching network; and
a tail end of the second metal radiator is connected with a second feed point of the antenna system and the second feed point is connected with the second radio frequency path through the second matching network,
wherein the first metal radiator is a first metal frame of a terminal, the second metal radiator is a second metal frame of the terminal, a tail end of the first metal frame is adjacent to a tail end of the second metal frame, and a gap is formed between the tail end of the first metal frame and the tail end of the second metal frame, and
wherein the first metal frame comprises a transverse extension part and a longitudinal extension part, a total length of the transverse extension part and the longitudinal extension part is 10 mm to 30 mm, and a length of the second metal frame is smaller than 30 mm,
wherein the first metal radiator is arranged to have a resonance frequency at a frequency band corresponding to a Global Positioning System (GPS) L1 waveband, a resonance frequency at a 2.4 GHz frequency band of Wireless Fidelity (WiFi), and a resonance frequency at a 5 GHz frequency band of the WiFi, and the second metal radiator is arranged to have a resonance frequency at a frequency band corresponding to a GPS L5 waveband;
wherein the second matching network comprises a capacitor and an inductor, wherein a first end of the capacitor of the second matching network is connected with the second feed point and a first end of the inductor of the second matching network, and a second end of the capacitor of the second matching network is grounded, and a second end of the inductor of the second matching network is connected with the second radio frequency path.

US Pat. No. 10,923,818

DUAL-FED DUAL-FREQUENCY HOLLOW DIELECTRIC ANTENNA

City University of Hong K...

1. An antenna system comprising:a ground plane; and
a dielectric block having a dielectric portion and a cavity portion disposed on the ground plane, wherein the dielectric block is configured to operate as a resonator for a dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) and a superstrate for a Fabry-Perot resonator antenna (FPRA).

US Pat. No. 10,923,817

ANTENNA SYSTEM AND MOBILE TERMINAL

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. An antenna system, applied to a mobile terminal, the mobile terminal comprising a metal frame and a system ground received in the metal frame; the metal frame comprising a first short-axis frame, a first long-axis frame, a second short-axis frame and a second long-axis frame that are sequentially connected end to end; in a direction along the first long-axis frame, a distance between the system ground and the first short-axis frame being not larger than 1.5 mm; and in a direction along the first short-axis frame, a distance between the system ground and the first long-axis frame being not larger than 1 mm;wherein the antenna system comprises:
a front frame rib connecting the system ground with the first short-axis frame;
a slit provided on the first long-axis frame;
a radio frequency front end area provided in the system ground; and
a first frame-joint point and a second frame-joint point, each of which connects the radio frequency front end area with the metal frame, wherein the first frame-joint point and the second frame-joint point are located between the front frame rib and the slit, and the radio frequency front end area is provided with a feeding point, a matching circuit, an impedance tuning circuit, and a switching circuit, wherein the feeding point is electrically connected to the first frame-joint point through the matching circuit and the impedance tuning circuit that are connected in series; and the second frame-joint point is electrically connected to the system ground through the switching circuit,
wherein the impedance tuning circuit and the switching circuit are adjusted to switch an operating state of the antenna system in such a manner that the antenna system operates in different frequency bands; and the antenna system comprises one operating state in which the antenna system operates in a frequency band ranging from 1710 MHz to 2700 MHz.

US Pat. No. 10,923,816

ANTENNA SYSTEM OF MOBILE TERMINAL AND MOBILE TERMINAL

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. An antenna system of a mobile terminal, the mobile terminal comprisesa housing,
a mainboard accommodated in the housing,
a plastic holder covering the mainboard, and a USB interface installed on the mainboard; and
the antenna system comprises a radiator formed on a surface of the plastic holder facing the housing, and a feed point, a first ground point and a second ground point that are disposed on the mainboard;
wherein
the radiator comprises
a feed end and a ground feed end spaced apart from each other in a short-axis direction of the mobile terminal,
a connection end connecting the feed end and the ground feed end,
a first stub connected to the ground feed end, and
a second stub connected to the feed end,
the first stub and the second stub are both bent to form a semi-closed structure having an opening, and the opening of the first stub and the opening of the second stub are opposite to and spaced apart from each other;
the radiator further comprises a third stub connected to the ground feed end and located in the opening of the first stub;
the antenna system further comprises a first matching circuit, a second matching circuit and a tuning switch;
the feed end is connected to the feed point through the first matching circuit,
the ground feed end is connected to the first ground point through the second matching circuit,
the first stub is connected to the second ground point through the tuning switch,
the USB interface comprises a housing portion and gripper foot portions disposed on two sides of the housing portion and connected to the mainboard, and
an orthographic projection of the radiator and an orthographic projection of the housing portion on the mainboard do not overlap with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,923,815

COMPACT SWITCHED LINE PHASE SHIFTER FOR A MICROSTRIP PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA

UNIVERSITY OF NEW HAMPSHI...

1. A phased antenna array system comprising:a substrate;
a phase shifter network disposed on a surface of the substrate, the phase shifter network having a plurality of phase shifters, each of the plurality of phase shifters comprising:
a plurality of RF line segments looped about an interconnect device, the interconnect device to couple to an antenna element; and
a switching arrangement to switchably electrically couple one or more RF line segments of the plurality of RF line segments to the antenna element via the interconnect device to introduce a selected phase shift into an output RF signal.

US Pat. No. 10,923,814

ANTENNA APPARATUS AND TERMINAL DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. An antenna apparatus, comprising an antenna body, wherein the antenna body comprises:a first radiation area, comprising a first radiation section and a feeding point;
a second radiation area, comprising a second radiation section and a ground point; and
a phase adjustment area, wherein the phase adjustment area is connected between the first radiation area and the second radiation area, and the phase adjustment area is configured to adjust a phase of a signal fed by the feeding point, to change a direction of a space electromagnetic field formed by an electromagnetic signal radiated by each of the first radiation section and the second radiation section.

US Pat. No. 10,923,813

ANTENNA DEVICE AND METHOD FOR REDUCING GRATING LOBE

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. An antenna device comprising:an array antenna including a plurality of element antennas which are configured to allow for switching among radiation patterns;
a radiation pattern controller to change radiation patterns of the plurality of element antennas thereby to set a plurality of radiation patterns of the array antenna at different times, one of the radiation patterns indicating a gain in a pointing direction that is higher than a gain in a grating lobe direction, another of the radiation patterns indicating a gain in the pointing direction that is lower than a gain in the grating lobe direction;
a signal detector to detect a received signal of the array antenna each time the radiation pattern of the array antenna is newly set by the radiation pattern controller to the one or the other of the radiation patterns; and
a signal processor to specify a weighting coefficient for suppressing a grating lobe included in a composite signal obtained when combining received signals detected by the signal detector when the one and the other of the radiation patterns of the array antenna are respectively set at the different times, from respective gains in a grating lobe direction in the one and the other of the radiation patterns of the array antenna which are set by the radiation pattern controller, and to combine the received signals respectively detected by the signal detector during the different times when the one and the other of the radiation patterns of the array antenna are respectively set, by using the weighting coefficient,
wherein each of the one and the other of the radiation patterns of the array antenna is set using the same plurality of element antennas.

US Pat. No. 10,923,812

WIRELESS TELECOMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

CCS Technologies LLC, An...

1. A telecommunications network comprising:multiple network nodes, wherein each network node comprises one or more transceivers and/or transmitters, and wherein each of the one or more transceivers and/or transmitters comprises a central processing unit (CPU) and an integrated circuit (IC) board, and wherein the IC board comprises a signal amplifier and one or more directional antennas, and wherein the CPU is electrically connected by at least one connection cable to the directional antennas and the signal amplifier;
one or more concealment screens, wherein each concealment screen has a screen interior and a screen exterior, and wherein each of the IC boards is located at least partially within the screen interior of one of the concealment screens, and wherein each directional antenna is located in the screen exterior of each of the concealment screens, such that each of the directional antennas transmits and/or receives signals which do not pass through any one of the concealment screens.

US Pat. No. 10,923,811

INTEGRATED FILTERING FOR BAND REJECTION IN AN ANTENNA ELEMENT

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. An antenna element, the antenna element comprising:a support structure;
a radiating structure arranged on or within the support structure, the radiating structure comprising:
a radiating element having a resonant frequency inside an operating frequency band of the antenna element; and
a filter connected to the radiating element and configured to filter out harmonics of the operating frequency band,
wherein the filter comprises an electrically conductive pattern comprising at least one transmission line arranged on or in the support structure.

US Pat. No. 10,923,810

SUPPLEMENTAL DEVICE FOR AN ANTENNA SYSTEM

1. A supplemental device for an antenna system, the device comprising:a ring providing a generally horizontal annular ground plane, the ring having an interior circumference with a central opening;
a substantially annular wall rising from the ring at or near the interior circumference, the annular wall being electrically conductive;
a plurality of antenna elements positioned in the central opening;
a passive reflector that is spaced apart and above the antenna elements by a dielectric spacer; and
a set of radial members extending radially upward from the ring, the radial members spaced apart from each other, wherein the annular wall has a wall height that is equal to or greater than a height of one or more of the antenna elements, but lesser than a height of the passive reflector.

US Pat. No. 10,923,809

COMMUNICATION APPARATUS, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS AND ANTENNA ADJUSTMENT METHOD

COMPAL ELECTRONICS, INC.,...

1. A communication apparatus, comprising:an antenna system, having at least two antenna units;
a tuning portion, disposed between the at least two antenna units to provide isolation between the at least two antenna units, and comprising at least two branch units; and
a switch circuit, coupled between a ground plane and each of the at least two branch units, and dynamically switching between a first one of the at least two branch units conducting to the ground plane and a second one of the at least two branch units conducting to the ground plane according to a switching signal to dynamically adjust the isolation between the at least two antenna units, wherein the switching signal is related to performance of the antenna system.

US Pat. No. 10,923,808

ANTENNA SYSTEM

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. An antenna system, wherein the antenna system comprises:a ground plate, at least one antenna pair disposed on the ground plate, and a decoupling assembly disposed on a radiation surface of the antenna pair, wherein
the antenna pair comprises a first antenna and a second antenna;
the decoupling assembly comprises a contiguous layer that is in contact with both the first antenna and the second antenna;
the decoupling assembly has electrical anisotropy, and the electrical anisotropy indicates that an effective permittivity of the decoupling assembly has different real and imaginary components in different directions;
the decoupling assembly is configured to adjust antenna radiation directions of the first antenna and the second antenna; and
isolation between the first antenna and the second antenna after adjustment is greater than isolation between the first antenna and the second antenna before adjustment.

US Pat. No. 10,923,807

COMBO TYPE ANTENNA MODULE

AMOTECH CO., LTD., Inche...

1. A combo type antenna module, comprising:a base sheet;
a first antenna pattern formed on one surface and the other surface of the base sheet;
a second antenna pattern formed on the one surface of the base sheet; and
a magnetic member laminated on the other surface of the base sheet,
wherein the magnetic member is formed so that a thickness of a region corresponding to the second antenna pattern is formed thicker than that of a region corresponding to the first antenna pattern,
wherein the magnetic member includes a magnetic sheet and another magnetic sheet,
wherein the magnetic sheet is provided with an insertion hole into which the first antenna pattern is inserted, and the magnetic sheet is laminated on a region corresponding to the second antenna pattern in the other surface of the base sheet, and
wherein the another magnetic sheet is laminated on the first antenna pattern formed on the other surface of the base sheet and the another magnetic sheet is inserted into the insertion hole.

US Pat. No. 10,923,806

BROADBAND HELICAL MICROSTRIP ANTENNA

Hall Labs LLC, Provo, UT...

1. A broadband helical microstrip antenna comprising:a printed circuit board having a first planar side opposite a second planar side with dielectric material therebetween;
a first array of spaced apart parallel antenna segments on the first planar side, each of the antenna segments in the first array having one or two electrical vias to the second planar side;
a second array of spaced apart parallel antenna segments on the second planar side, each of the antenna segments in the second array being connected to one or two of the antenna segments in the first array by one or two electrical vias, thereby forming at least one helical path;
a linear antenna segment disposed along a center line of the second planar side, the linear antenna segment being more than twice as long as any of the antenna segments in the first and second array, and the linear antenna segment connected to one or two of the antenna segments in the first or second array;
wherein the first and second arrays are generally parallel to each other and wherein the first and second arrays are arranged with an equal number of antenna segments on both sides of the linear antenna segment.

US Pat. No. 10,923,805

ANTENNA ASSEMBLY FOR AN AIRCRAFT

Airbus Operations GmbH

1. An antenna assembly for an aircraft, comprising:a support element having a first and a second surface on opposite sides of the support element;
at least one antenna element arranged on or in the support element; and
a sealing device,
wherein
the first surface and the sealing device are configured in such a way that the antenna assembly is arranged in such a way on an outer skin section of an aircraft that the first surface faces the outer skin section, the sealing device is situated between the support element and the outer skin section, and at least one cavity is defined by the sealing device, the outer skin section and the first surface, and
the support element or the sealing device for each of the cavities has at least one flow channel having a first and a second opening at opposite ends of the flow channel, the flow channel connecting the corresponding cavity and the environment of the antenna assembly to one another after the arrangement of the antenna assembly on the outer skin section and opening into the corresponding cavity at the first opening and opening into the environment at the second opening.

US Pat. No. 10,923,804

ANTENNA ARRAY WITH INTEGRATED FILTERS

CommScope Technologies LL...

10. A system comprising:a plurality of first antenna elements configured to operate in a first frequency sub-band;
a plurality of second antenna elements configured to operate in the first frequency sub-band and a second frequency sub-band;
a plurality of third antenna elements configured to operate in the first frequency sub-band, the second frequency sub-band, and a third frequency sub-band, wherein the third antenna elements are arranged in a linear array, wherein the first antenna elements are distributed on first and second ends of the linear array opposite from each other, wherein the second antenna elements are distributed on the first and second ends of the linear array opposite from each other;
a plurality of first multiplexers respectively connected to each second antenna elements;
a plurality of second multiplexers respectively connected to each third antenna element;
a first phase shifter network, connected to each first antenna element, each first multiplexer, and second multiplexer;
a second phase shifter network connected to each first multiplexer and to each second multiplexer, and isolated from the first antenna elements;
a third phase shifter network connected to each second multiplexer, and isolated from each first antenna element and from each first multiplexer; and
a first triplexer comprising first, second and third ports respectively connected to the first, second, and third phase shifter networks.

US Pat. No. 10,923,803

LOOP ANTENNA SYSTEM AND MOBILE TERMINAL

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. A loop antenna system, comprisinga back cover,
a main board accommodated in the back cover,
a plastic back shell fixed to the main board and located between the back cover and the main board, and
an earphone base disposed on the main board,
wherein
the loop antenna system further comprises a loop antenna disposed on the surface of the plastic back shell right opposite the back cover,
the loop antenna comprises a first loop radiating unit and a second loop radiating unit which are disposed separately on both sides of the earphone base, and a connecting member disposed over and across the earphone base and connecting the first loop radiating unit and the second loop radiating unit,
the first loop radiating unit is provided with a ground feed point,
the second loop radiating unit is provided with a feed point electrically connected to an antenna feed circuit on the main board,
the main board corresponding to the ground feed point provided with a ground switch connected to the ground feed point, and
the connecting member is fixed at the back cover with two opposite ends of the connecting member respectively connecting the first loop radiating unit and the second loop radiating unit.

US Pat. No. 10,923,802

NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION ANTENNA MODULE AND PORTABLE TERMINAL HAVING THE SAME

AMOTECH CO., LTD., Inche...

1. A near field communication antenna module, comprising:a radiation substrate of a magnetic body on which a radiation pattern is formed;
an adhesive substrate formed on a lower surface of the radiation substrate; and
a signal processing substrate stacked on an upper surface of the radiation substrate to be integrated with the radiation substrate,
wherein the radiation substrate is composed of a base substrate and the radiation pattern,
wherein the base substrate is composed of a first magnetic sheet stacked on an uppermost portion, a second magnetic sheet stacked on a lowermost portion, and a third magnetic sheet interposed between the first magnetic sheet and the second magnetic sheet,
wherein the radiation pattern is composed of a first loop pattern, a second loop pattern and a third loop pattern,
wherein the first loop pattern is formed on an upper surface of the first magnetic sheet to be exposed to an outside of the radiation substrate, the second loop pattern is formed on an upper surface of the second magnetic sheet to be located inside the radiation substrate, and the third loop pattern is formed on an upper surface of the third magnetic sheet to be located inside the radiation substrate,
wherein one end of the first loop pattern is connected with one end of the third loop pattern, and one end of the second loop pattern is connected with the other end of the third loop pattern, and
wherein the second magnetic sheet is formed at a thicker thickness than the first magnetic sheet and the third magnetic sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,923,801

ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING SAME

Chiun Mai Communication S...

1. An antenna structure comprising:a metal housing, the metal housing comprising a front frame, a backboard, and a side frame, the side frame being positioned between the front frame and the backboard; wherein the side frame defines a slot and the front frame defines a gap, the gap communicates with the slot and extends across the front frame; wherein the side frame comprises a first side portion and a second side portion; the metal housing is divided into at least a long portion and a short portion by the slot and the gap;
a first feed source; and
a first radiator, the first radiator positioned in the housing and comprising a first radiating portion and a second radiating portion;
wherein the first radiating portion comprises a first radiating section, a second radiating section, and a third radiating section; the third radiating section is perpendicularly connected to an end of the second radiating section away from the first radiating section and extends along two directions towards the first side portion and the second side portion respectively to form a T-shaped structure with the second radiating section; the third radiating section is spaced apart from and parallel to at least the long portion;
wherein one end of the first radiating portion is electrically connected to the first feed source, another end of the first radiating portion is spaced apart from the long portion; one end of the second radiating portion is electrically connected to the first feed source, and another end of the second radiating portion is electrically connected to the short portion.

US Pat. No. 10,923,800

PACKAGED ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING INTEGRATED ANTENNA AND LOCKING STRUCTURE

Amkor Technology Singapor...

1. An antenna structure, comprising:an insulative substrate having a first major surface and a second major surface opposite to the first major surface;
conductive traces embedded within the insulative substrate;
a ground plane embedded within the insulative substrate;
a grounding structure positioned proximate to the second major surface electrically coupled to the ground plane;
a conductive patch layer positioned proximate to the first major surface so that the grounding structure and the conductive patch are positioned proximate to opposite sides of the insulative substrate, wherein the conductive patch layer is electrically coupled to the ground plane; and
a conductive feed structure comprising:
a first conductive structure positioned proximate to the second major surface and external to the insulative substrate; and
a second conductive structure comprising a conductive via embedded within the insulative substrate, extending from the second major surface to the first major surface through an opening in the ground plane, and electrically coupled to the conductive patch layer and the first structure.

US Pat. No. 10,923,799

ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE THEREWITH

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An antenna structure comprising:a printed circuit board (PCB) including a first substrate layer and a second substrate layer,
wherein the first substrate layer comprises:
a first non-conductive area,
a second non-conductive area adjacent to the first non-conductive area,
at least one first conductive wire constructed in a shape surrounding the first non-conductive area except for at least a portion adjacent to the second non-conductive area,
at least one second conductive wire facing and disposed apart from the at least one first conductive wire and constructed in a shape surrounding the second non-conductive area, and
a first antenna corresponding to a first frequency band and constructed in a designated shape in the first non-conductive area or the second non-conductive area, traversing between the at least one first conductive wire and the at least one second conductive wire,
wherein the second substrate layer comprises:
a third non-conductive area facing at least part of the first non-conductive area and second non-conductive area,
a third wire surrounding the third non-conductive area and constructed with a first winding, and
at least one connection wires configured to electrically couple the at least one first conductive wire and the at least one second conductive wire so that the at least one first conductive wire and the at least one second conductive wire are constructed with a second winding, and
wherein the first winding and the second winding are constructed as a second antenna corresponding to a second frequency band through a through-hole which provides electrical coupling between the first winding and the second winding.

US Pat. No. 10,923,798

ANTENNA SUPPORT AND ANTENNA POSITION CONTROL SYSTEM

GUANGZHOU CHANGEN ELECTRO...

1. An antenna mount, comprising: an antenna mount body, a connecting arm connected to the antenna mount body, an adapting piece fixedly connected to the connecting arm, an antenna arranged on the adapting piece, and a non-metallic cylinder arranged on the adapting piece, wherein the non-metallic cylinder can drive the antenna to rotate in a range of 0-90°, wherein the adapting piece comprising a first adapting piece fixedly connected to the connecting arm and a second adapting piece connected to the first adapting piece, the antenna and the non-metallic cylinder being mounted on the second adapting piece; wherein the following structure can realize that, the non-metallic cylinder can drive the antenna to rotate in a range of 0-90°:the second adapting piece comprising: a hollow cavity, an empty slot arranged inside the cavity, a third mounting hole arranged inside the cavity and penetrating upper and lower surfaces of the adapting piece, and a fourth mounting hole communicated with the empty slot;
the non-metallic cylinder comprising a first cylinder body, an end cover, a first piston rod, and a first piston placed in the first cylinder body; a first end of the first piston rod being fixedly connected with the first piston, a second end of the first piston rod passing through a through hole formed on the end cover and exposing outside the first cylinder body; the first piston rod of the non-metallic cylinder being placed in the empty slot of the second adapting piece after passing through the end cover then passing through the fourth mounting hole of the second adapting piece; the antenna being mounted in the third mounting hole with a rotary sleeve arranged outside, and the first piston rod being connected with the rotary sleeve; wherein the first piston rod can drive the rotary sleeve to rotate in the range of 0-90° when telescopically moving back and forth along the empty slot, and then driving the antenna to rotate in the range of 0-90°.

US Pat. No. 10,923,797

ANTENNA ALIGNMENT DEVICE

CenturyLink Intellectual ...

1. A system, comprising:a gimbal, the gimbal comprising:
a first joint configured to allow rotation about a first axis;
a first driver operably coupled to the first joint;
a second joint configured to allow rotation about a second axis, the second joint coupled to the first joint via a first member;
a second driver operably coupled to the second joint;
a mount coupled to the second joint via a second member;
wherein the first joint and second joint are configured to allow the mount to pivot about the first axis and the second axis, and wherein the first driver is configured to cause the first joint to rotate about the first axis and the second driver is configured to cause the second joint to rotate about the second axis;
one or more sensors coupled to the gimbal;
an antenna coupled to the mount of the gimbal;
a stationary base coupled to the first joint via a third member, wherein the stationary base is configured to couple to a pole; and
a controller communicatively coupled to the one or more sensors and the one or more drivers of the gimbal, the controller comprising:
at least one processor; and
a non-transitory computer readable medium communicatively coupled to the at least one processor, the non-transitory computer readable medium having stored thereon computer software comprising a set of instructions that, when executed by the at least one processor, causes the controller to:
determine a target position and a target orientation of the antenna;
determine, based on input from the one or more sensors, an actual position and an actual orientation of the antenna;
determine whether the actual position and the actual orientation of the antenna deviate from the target position and the target orientation of the antenna;
based on a determination that the target position and the target orientation of the antenna and the actual position and the actual orientation of the antenna deviate, to compensate for the deviation from the target position and the target position, wherein compensating for the deviation further includes actuating at least one of the first driver or the second driver to cause at least one of the first driver or the second driver to rotate at least one of the first joint or second joint to about at least one of first axis or the second axis to mitigate changes of the antenna from the target position and the target orientation.

US Pat. No. 10,923,796

ADAPTABLE LOCKING MECHANISM FOR COST-EFFECTIVE SERIES PRODUCTION

SAAB AB, Linkoeping (SE)...

1. A method for manufacture of a platform and elevation support arrangement (1), wherein an elevation support (3) is to be hingedly mounted to a platform (5) around a first axis (X1) extending along a first direction (B1) via a hinge member (7) arranged between the platform (5) and the elevation support (3), wherein the elevation support (3) is configured to be locked to the platform (5) in a fixed position by means of an adjustable locking mechanism (9), wherein the elevation support (3) is in a lowered and locked state relative to the platform, wherein the adjustable locking mechanism (9) comprises a first and a second opening (11?, 11?) arranged at a first distance (D1) from each other and a first and second sliding shaft element (13?, 13?) arranged at a second distance (D2) from each other, and wherein each of the first and second sliding shaft elements are configured to slide along a second direction (B2) perpendicular to the first axis (X1), the method comprising the steps of:providing the platform (5), the elevation support (3) and the adjustable locking mechanism (9);
mounting the elevation support (3) to the platform (5);
adjusting the adjustable locking mechanism (9) so that the first distance (D1) corresponds with the second distance (D2); and
locking the adjustable locking mechanism (9) by sliding the first shaft element (13?) into the first opening (11?) and by sliding the second shaft element (13?) into the second opening (11?),
wherein:
the step of adjusting the adjustable locking mechanism comprises moving at least one of the first opening (11?) or the first sliding shaft element (13?) in a third direction (133) parallel with the first direction (131),
said moving of at least one of the first opening (11?) or the first sliding shaft element (13?) is performed by rotating a first eccentric housing (21?) comprising at least one of said first opening or the first sliding shaft element around an eccentric housing axis extending perpendicular to the first axis (X1),
the first eccentric housing (21?) is rotatably positioned in the elevation support (3) and the first sliding shaft element (13?) is positioned in the platform (5).

US Pat. No. 10,923,795

HIDDEN MULTI-BAND WINDOW ANTENNA

Pittsburgh Glass Works, L...

1. An antenna that is included in a window assembly, said antenna comprising:a transparency ply having a surface that is defined within an outer perimeter edge;
a frame that is electrically conductive, said frame having a portal surface that defines an opening in said frame for receiving said transparency ply;
an electrically conductive coating that is located on the surface of said transparency ply, said electrically conductive coating being partially transparent and having an outer peripheral edge that is spaced inwardly away from at least a portion of the outer perimeter edge of said transparency ply;
a bus bar that has higher electrical conductivity than the electrical conductivity of said electrically conductive coating, said bus bar covering at least a portion of the outer peripheral edge of said electrically conductive coating such that part of said bus bar is on a portion of said electrically conductive coating that is laterally adjacent to the outer peripheral edge of said conductive coating and another part of said bus bar faces a portion of the surface of said transparency ply that is laterally adjacent to the outer peripheral edge of said electrically conductive coating, said bus bar having a first side that is located laterally between the outer peripheral edge of said electrically conductive coating and the portal surface of said frame, the first side of said bus bar being parallel to the portal surface of said frame and cooperating with the portal surface of said frame and with said electrically conductive coating to define an antenna slot that has a longitudinal dimension that is parallel to the longitudinal dimension of said bus bar, said antenna slot having a longitudinal dimension such that electrical signals having a selected fundamental frequency resonate in said slot;
a feed line that is located laterally on said transparency ply between the first side of said bus bar and the perimeter edge of said transparency ply, said feed line extending longitudinally in said antenna slot between a first end and a second end that is disposed on said feed line oppositely from said first end; and
a first antenna feed link that is electrically connected to said feed line, said first antenna feed link also being electrically connected to said bus bar at a first feed point that is located within said antenna slot and at a longitudinal position of said bus bar where a signal that resonates in said antenna slot at a fundamental frequency has maximum electric field strength and also where a signal that resonates in said antenna slot at a higher order than said fundamental frequency also has maximum electric field strength.

US Pat. No. 10,923,794

BASE STATION INCLUDING ANTENNA HAVING TWO-WAY TILTING STRUCTURE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A base station comprising:an enclosure including a plurality of pole connectors for connecting the base station to a communication pole,
two upper antenna assembly combinable members, each of which disposed on each of upper lateral sides of the enclosure, the two upper antenna assembly combinable members including a first antenna assembly combinable member and a second antenna assembly combinable member,
two lower antenna assembly combinable members, each of which disposed on each of lower lateral sides of the enclosure, the two lower antenna assembly combinable members including a third antenna assembly combinable member and a fourth antenna assembly combinable member,
a first supporting member disposed between the first antenna assembly combinable member and the third antenna assembly combinable member, and performing a function of maintaining a tilting angle of an antenna assembly from the enclosure,
a second supporting member disposed between the second and fourth antenna assembly combinable members and performing the function of maintaining the tilting angle, the first and second supporting members each being disposed respectively on each of middle lateral sides of the enclosure; and
the antenna assembly including an antenna for communication and combined with the enclosure,
wherein the antenna assembly is rotated at a predetermined angle, by combining the two upper antenna assembly combinable members with the antenna assembly and releasing a combination of the two lower antenna assembly combinable members from the antenna assembly, or by combining the two lower antenna assembly combinable members with the antenna assembly and releasing a combination of the two upper antenna assembly combinable members from the antenna assembly, and
wherein the antenna assembly further includes a first elongated hole at a position corresponding to a position of the first supporting member, the first elongated hole for engaging with the first supporting member of the enclosure using a first protrusion, and a second elongated hole at a position corresponding to a position of the second supporting member, the second elongated hole for engaging with the second supporting member of the enclosure.

US Pat. No. 10,923,793

ANTENNA DEVICE, MANHOLE COVER EQUIPPED WITH ANTENNA DEVICE, AND POWER DISTRIBUTION PANEL EQUIPPED WITH SAME

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. An antenna device comprising:an antenna;
a first dielectric body; and
a second dielectric body
wherein, in an internal space which is defined at one end by an electrically conductive body, the antenna device is adapted to have a shape to be fit inside a hole in the electrically conductive body, the electrically conductive body being interposed between the internal space and an outer space,
wherein the antenna device is installed so as to not protrude from the hole to the outer space, and
wherein the first dielectric body is exposed to the internal space, the second dielectric body is exposed to the outer space and the antenna is disposed between the first dielectric body and the second dielectric body.

US Pat. No. 10,923,792

MICROWAVE FEEDING MODULE AND CIRCUIT BOARD STRUCTURE

MICROELECTRONICS TECHNOLO...

1. A circuit board structure, comprising:a dielectric substrate comprising:
a main segment having an opening;
a rib segment extending across a full width of the opening; and
a plurality of extending segments extending inward from the main segment, wherein a first gap is disposed between the rib segment and each of the extending segments;
a plurality of grounding sheets placed on a top surface of the dielectric substrate and a bottom surface opposite to the top surface, wherein the plurality of grounding sheets cover the rib segment and a majority portion of the main segment;
a plurality of top feeding sheets placed on the top surface and covering the extending segments;
a plurality of bottom feeding sheets placed on the bottom surface and covering the extending segments, wherein the top feeding sheets and the bottom feeding sheets are electrically isolated from the grounding sheets; and
a conductive layer disposed in a plurality of first holes, disposed in the main segment and the rib segment, for electrically coupling the grounding sheets, and the conductive layer is further disposed in a plurality of second holes, disposed in the extending segments, for electrically coupling the top feeding sheets to the bottom feeding sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,923,791

MULTILAYER TRANSMISSION LINE PLATE

SHOW A DENKO MATERIALS CO...

1. A multilayered transmission line plate comprising:one pair of ground layers,
a differential wiring layer disposed between one ground layer and the other ground layer of the one pair of ground layers,
a first insulating portion disposed between the differential wiring layer and the one ground layer, and
a second insulating portion disposed between the differential wiring layer and the other ground layer,
wherein the first insulating portion has a resin layer, the first insulating portion or the second insulating portion has a fiber base material layer containing a fiber base material, and a thickness of the first insulating portion is equal to or thinner than a thickness of the second insulating portion, and
wherein the resin layer includes (A) a maleimide group-containing compound containing (a1) a divalent group having at least two imide bonds and (a2) a saturated or unsaturated divalent hydrocarbon group.

US Pat. No. 10,923,790

LOW-LOSS SILICON ON INSULATOR BASED DIELECTRIC MICROSTRIP LINE

City University of Hong K...

1. A silicon on insulator (SOI) based dielectric microstrip line (DML) circuit configured for operation with signals in a range of 750-925 GHz, the DML circuit comprising:a silicon dioxide (SiO2) insulation layer of the SOI providing a middle layer of the DML circuit, wherein the middle SiO2 layer of the DML circuit has a thickness t;
a high-resistivity silicon (HR—Si) layer providing a top layer of the DML circuit, wherein the top HR—Si layer of the DML circuit has height h1, and wherein a DML structure formed in the top HR—Si layer of the DML circuit has width w; and
a HR—Si layer providing a bottom layer of the DML, wherein the bottom HR—Si layer of the DML circuit has height h2, and wherein values for parameters h1, h2, and w are selected for a particular value of parameter t and configure the DML circuit for the operation with the signals in the range of 750-925 GHz, wherein the DML circuit comprises a crossover circuit having two mutually perpendicular DML structures in a same plane.

US Pat. No. 10,923,789

ENERGY STORAGE AND POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM WITH RESERVE MODE AND OVERRIDE

Goal Zero LLC, Bluffdale...

1. An energy storage and power supply device comprising:an energy storage unit configured to store electrical energy;
an output coupled to the energy storage unit, the output configured to facilitate providing power from the energy storage unit to a load; and
a processing circuit configured to selectively restrict a power flow provided to the output by the energy storage unit in response to an operating characteristic of the energy storage and power supply device satisfying a threshold condition.

US Pat. No. 10,923,788

DIRECTED QUENCH SYSTEMS AND COMPONENTS

1. An energy storage system comprising:a cell block including a plurality of battery cells; and
a fluid delivery manifold coupled with a sidewall of the cell block, wherein:
the fluid delivery manifold is configured to distribute a fluid within the fluid delivery manifold,
the fluid delivery manifold is in thermal communication with the cell block and is configured to receive heat from the cell block to the fluid within the fluid delivery manifold,
the fluid delivery manifold defines a fluid entry port configured to receive a liquid,
the fluid delivery manifold defines vertical walls within an interior volume of the fluid delivery manifold to define a reservoir within the fluid delivery manifold configured to at least partially contain the liquid within the fluid delivery manifold while providing egress to vaporized liquid from at least one exit channel defined from the fluid delivery manifold, and
the fluid delivery manifold defines at least one exit channel defined in an exterior wall of the fluid delivery manifold, wherein the at least one exit channel is defined at or below a height of the vertical walls within the interior volume of the fluid delivery manifold.

US Pat. No. 10,923,787

HEAT INSULATION SHEET, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, AND SECONDARY BATTERY IN WHICH SAME IS USED

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A heat insulation sheet comprising:a fiber sheet including fibers forming spaces among the fibers;
a resin layer provided on a surface of an outer peripheral portion of the fiber sheet, the resin layer being denser than the fiber sheet and made of thermoplastic resin; and
a silica xerogel disposed in the spaces of the fiber sheet to be held in the plurality of fibers.

US Pat. No. 10,923,786

HOUSING ASSEMBLY FOR ONE OR MORE ELECTRO CHEMICAL CELLS

Dana Automotive Systems G...

1. A housing assembly, comprising:a tray portion;
a heat transfer portion comprising a first plate member and a second plate member;
wherein said first plate member has an inner surface, an outer surface, a first end portion a second end portion and an intermediate portion interposed between said first and second end portions of said first plate member;
wherein said first end portion of said first plate member has one or more first flanges having a length L1 and said second end portion of said second plate member has one or more second flanges having a length L2;
wherein said second plate member has an inner surface, an outer surface, a first end portion, a second end portion and an intermediate portion interposed between said first and second end portions of said second plate member;
wherein said first end portion of said second plate member has one or more first flanges having a length L3 and said second end portion of said second plate member has one or more second flanges having a length L4;
wherein said length L1 and L2 of said one or more first and second flanges of said first plate member are smaller than said lengths L3 and L4 of said one or more first and second flanges of said second plate member;
wherein at least a portion of said one or more first and second flanges of said first plate member are integrally connected to at least a portion of said one or more first and second flanges of said second plate member; and
wherein at least a portion of said one or more first and second flanges of said second plate member are overmoulded within at least a portion of said tray portion.

US Pat. No. 10,923,785

CHARGING STATION FOR AN ELECTRICITY CHARGING STATION HAVING AN UNDERGROUND COOLING ARRANGEMENT

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A charging station comprising:a power electronics system,
a battery,
an air cooling arrangement for each of the power electronics system and the battery;
a first heat exchanger and a second heat exchanger, and
an underground liquid cooling arrangement arranged beneath the battery, wherein the underground liquid cooling arrangement is thermally coupled to the air cooling arrangement of the power electronics system by the first heat exchanger and the underground liquid cooling arrangement is thermally coupled to the air cooling arrangement of the battery by the second heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,923,784

HEAT-CONDUCTIVE SHEET AND BATTERY PACK USING SAME

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

15. A battery pack comprising:a plurality of battery cells; and
a plurality of heat-conductive sheets attached onto the plurality of battery cells,
wherein each of the plurality of battery cells includes:
a battery cell body having an upper surface, a lower surface, and a side surface connected with the upper surface and the lower surface; and
an electrode terminal disposed on the upper surface of the battery cell body,
wherein each of the plurality of battery cells is attached onto respective one of the plurality of heat-conductive sheets,
wherein each of the plurality of heat-conductive sheets includes:
a first insulating sheet attached onto the side surface of the battery cell body of the respective one of the plurality of battery cells;
a second insulating sheet placed on the first insulating sheet; and
a graphite sheet disposed between the first insulating sheet and the second insulating sheet, the graphite sheet being entirely sealed by the first insulating sheet and the second insulating sheet,
wherein the graphite sheet has a first slit disposed therein, the first slit extending from a first end of the graphite sheet, and
wherein the first insulating sheet and the second insulating sheet have a second slit passing through the first insulating sheet and the second insulating sheet, the second slit being located inside the first slit of the graphite sheet, the second slit extending from respective first ends of the first insulating sheet and the second insulating sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,923,783

CONFORMAL FLUID-COOLED HEAT EXCHANGER FOR BATTERY

DANA CANADA CORPORATION, ...

1. A heat exchanger for use with at least two battery modules, each of the battery modules comprising at least one battery cell housed within a rigid container, the heat exchanger comprising:a plurality of planar heat exchanger plates that each include:
a main plate section defining an internal fluid passage,
an inlet panel connecting an inlet to the main plate section, and
an outlet panel connecting an outlet to the main plate section,
wherein the inlet panel and the outlet panel are joined to the main plate section, each of the inlet panel and the outlet panel joined to the main plate section via a joining bridge, and a gap separating each of the inlet panel and the outlet panel from the main plate section such that the main plate section can be displaced relative to each of the inlet panel and the outlet panel via the respective joining bridge,
the inlet panel and the outlet panel of at least some of the heat exchanger plates being joined to the inlet panel and the outlet panel of adjacent heat exchanger plates to form a stack of spaced apart, substantially parallel, heat exchanger plates, the main plate sections of the stacked heat exchanger plates being compressed together to engage battery modules inserted therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,923,782

CONFORMAL FLUID-COOLED HEAT EXCHANGER FOR BATTERY

DANA CANADA CORPORATION, ...

1. A heat exchanger for use with at least two battery modules,each of the battery modules comprising at least one battery cell housed within a rigid container,
the heat exchanger defining an internal fluid passage for a heat exchanger fluid and having at least one compliant region that is configured to be compressed to facilitate thermal contact between the heat exchanger and the two battery modules,
a plurality of substantially planar heat exchanger plates that each define an internal fluid passage, each of the heat exchanger plates comprising:
a first opening on a first side thereof and a second opening opposing the first opening on a second side thereof, the first and second openings communicating with the internal fluid passage;
wherein at least some of the heat exchanger plates include a first manifold fixture that defines a fluid flow passage and extends from the first side of the heat exchanger plate with the internal fluid flow passage of the first manifold fixture communicating via the first opening with the internal fluid passage of the heat exchanger plate, and
at least some of the heat exchanger plates having a second manifold fixture that defines a fluid flow passage and extends from the second side of the heat exchanger plate with the internal fluid flow passage of the second manifold fixture communicating via the second opening with the internal fluid passage of the heat exchanger plate, the first manifold fixture of at least some of the heat exchanger plates being joined to the second manifold fixture of an adjacent heat exchanger plate to form a stack of spaced apart, substantially parallel, heat exchanger plates,
wherein the first manifold fixture and second manifold fixture each include a first annular wall, a second annular wall having a diameter larger than that of the first annular wall, and a radial shoulder region joining the first annular wall and the second annular wall, the radial shoulder region being compliant so as to permit an extending end of the manifold fixture to be partially compressed towards the heat exchanger plate; and
wherein battery modules can be inserted between pairs of the heat exchanger plates such that the heat exchanger plates and battery modules are interleaved and the manifold fixtures compressed to reduce spacing between the heat exchanger plates.

US Pat. No. 10,923,781

RECOVERING DEVICE AND RECOVERING METHOD FOR RECOVERING NICKEL-METAL HYDRIDE BATTERY

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A recovering device for recovering a nickel-metal hydride battery having a container provided with an exhaust valve configured to exhaust gas generated in the container to outside, the recovering device comprising:a liquid bath configured to store liquid coolant;
a fixing device configured to fix the nickel-metal hydride battery to the liquid bath with at least a portion of the container of the nickel-metal hydride battery being immersed in the liquid coolant in the liquid bath;
a circulating device configured to circulate the liquid coolant in the liquid bath;
a deformation amount detector configured to detect a deformation amount of the container of the nickel-metal hydride battery with the nickel-metal hydride battery being fixed to the liquid bath by the fixing device;
an exhausting device configured to collect the gas exhausted from the exhaust valve of the nickel-metal hydride battery and exhaust the gas to outside the recovering device;
a charger configured to charge the nickel-metal hydride battery; and
a controller configured to perform an overcharging process for overcharging, using the charger, the nickel-metal hydride battery fixed to the liquid bath by the fixing device while circulating the liquid coolant in the liquid bath using the circulating device, wherein
during the overcharging process, the controller is configured to
continue the overcharging process when the deformation amount of the container is less than a threshold value, and
halt the overcharging process when the deformation amount of the container exceeds the threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,923,780

HIGH PRESSURE TYPE HYDRIDE SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A hydride secondary battery comprising:a pressure vessel;
a positive electrode disposed in the pressure vessel;
a negative electrode disposed in the pressure vessel; and
hydrogen gas with which the pressure vessel is filled,
wherein the negative electrode contains a hydrogen-absorbing alloy, and in a pressure-composition-temperature diagram, a desorption curve at 25° C. of the hydrogen-absorbing alloy has a plateau pressure of between 0.15 MPa or more and 10 MPa or less,
wherein the hydrogen-absorbing alloy is
an AB5 type alloy expressed by MmNi5-x8-y8Crx8Mny8, provided that Mm represents a mischmetal, x8 is between 0.25 or more and 0.45 or less, y8 is between 0.05 or more and 0.25 or less, and a sum of x8 and y8 is 0.5, and
wherein the hydrogen gas has a pressure equal to or higher than the plateau pressure at 25° C. of the hydrogen-absorbing alloy, and
wherein the mischmetal is an alloy comprising Ce and La.

US Pat. No. 10,923,779

METHOD FOR COORDINATING A CHARGING OPERATION OF A PILOTED MOTOR VEHICLE, STORAGE MEDIUM, MOBILE TERMINAL DEVICE, AND SERVER APPARATUS

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for coordinating a charging operation for charging an energy storage mechanism of a piloted motor vehicle, the method comprising the following steps, which are carried out by a control mechanism external to the vehicle:provision of a state-of-charge signal, which describes a current state of charge of the energy storage mechanism;
provision of a schedule calendar signal from a mobile terminal device, wherein the schedule calendar signal describes schedule information that is stored in a digital calendar and relates to a time schedule of a user of the motor vehicle and of the mobile terminal device;
conducting a textual analysis on descriptive text of the schedule calendar signal to identify a scheduled destination corresponding to a future scheduled event, wherein the scheduled destination identified through the textual analysis may lack a specific address;
on the basis of the provided schedule calendar signal: establishing a point in time of the time schedule which corresponds to the future scheduled event;
establishing of a required state of charge as a threshold value for enabling travel to the scheduled destination of the future scheduled event which eliminates a need to charge the energy storage mechanism and/or minimizes a number of recharging operations necessary to reach the scheduled destination of the future scheduled event;
provision of a data set that describes the respective geographic coordinates relating to a plurality of charging stations;
for each of the plurality of charging stations, determination of a workload of the respective charging facilities;
on the basis of the determined workload, determining at least one charging station as a travel destination that provides a freely available charging facility at a specified point in time or for a specified period of time in relation to the future scheduled event;
if the current state of charge corresponds to the threshold value or drops below the threshold value: choosing one of the at least one charging station which has or makes available at least one charging facility for charging the energy storage mechanism and setting geographic coordinates of a chosen charging station as the travel destination;
depending on the schedule information, generation of a control signal for steering the motor vehicle to the set geographic coordinates of the chosen charging station; and
transmission of the generated control signal to a driver assistance mechanism of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,923,778

BATTERY CELL

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery cell, comprising:an electrode assembly;
a battery case having a first sheet and a second sheet forming a case body for accommodating the electrode assembly, the first sheet and second sheet sealed together to form a case terrace extending from the case body;
a pair of electrode leads configured to protrude out of the battery case and being electrically connected to the electrode assembly; and
an overcharge cut-off unit provided between the first sheet and second sheet of the case terrace to prevent overcharging of the battery cell, wherein the overcharge cut-off unit includes:
a cut-off unit body provided between the pair of electrode leads and being configured to emit an overcharge cut-off gas out of the cut-off unit body when the pair of electrode leads has a temperature over a predetermined temperature or when the battery cell has a voltage over a predetermined voltage;
at least one detection sensor provided to at least one side of the cut-off unit body and configured to detect a temperature of the pair of electrode leads or a voltage of the battery cell; and
at least one gas outlet protruding toward the case body and configured to guide the overcharge cut-off gas into the case body.

US Pat. No. 10,923,777

DAMAGE DETECTION AND WARNING SYSTEM OF A BATTERY PACK

VOLVO CAR CORPORATION, G...

1. A method for assessing a deformation of an energy storage enclosure for an energy storage module, the deformation being caused by an external force, the energy storage enclosure configured to accommodate an energy storage cell and comprising an enclosure wall and an optical sensor comprising an optical receiver and an optical emitter, wherein an optical fiber is attached to an inner side of the enclosure wall of the energy storage enclosure along a distance of a portion of the inner side, the method comprising:monitoring transmission of an optical signal transmitted through the optical fiber, wherein monitoring comprises transmitting, via the optical emitter, an optical signal through the optical fiber and receiving, via the optical receiver, the optical signal transmitted through the optical fiber;
determining an alteration of the optical signal, the alteration being indicative of a deformation of the enclosure wall, wherein determining comprises detecting, via the optical sensor, the alteration of the optical signal;
based on the alteration of the optical signal, determining a severity of an impact on the energy storage module, wherein the severity of the impact is based on magnitude of the impact or a location of the impact; and
in response to the severity of the impact exceeding a threshold value, providing a warning message to a user.

US Pat. No. 10,923,776

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MONITORING AND RESPONDING TO FORCES INFLUENCING A BATTERY

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a rigid enclosure containing operational components, the operational components comprising:
a battery cell;
an external force sensor coupled with an exterior surface of the battery cell and configured to detect physical contact with an external surface of the battery cell, the external force sensor further configured to generate a first sense signal indicative of the contact in response to the detected contact;
an internal force sensor positioned within the battery cell configured to detect an internal force generated by conditions internal to the battery cell, and generates a second sense signal indicative of a magnitude of the internal force in response to the detected internal force; and
a processor coupled with the internal and the external force sensors configured to receive the first sense signal and the second sense signal and alter a facility of the electronic device based on the received first and second sense signals such that the facility of the electronic device is altered during operation of the electronic device and in response to a force detected by the external force sensor or internal force sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,923,775

COLD STORAGE CHARGING SYSTEM AND METHOD

The Raymond Corporation, ...

1. A system for temperature control for an energy source of a material handling vehicle, the system comprising:a battery management system in communication with the energy source, wherein the energy source is a lithium ion battery;
a counterweight case that supports the energy source; and
a heating element positioned within the counterweight case, the heating element to heat the energy source,
wherein if a voltage of the energy source falls below a minimum voltage threshold, the battery management system determines if a minimum temperature threshold is reached based on measurement of a temperature of the energy source, and wherein the battery management system is configured to provide instructions to heat the heating element if the temperature of the energy source is less than or equal to the minimum temperature threshold.