US Pat. No. 10,191,905

SENTIMENT-BASED CLASSIFICATION OF MEDIA CONTENT

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method for presenting sentiment information, the method comprising:identifying, using a hardware processor, a first plurality of comments associated with a first portion of a media content item;
generating, using the hardware processor, for each of the first plurality of comments, a sentiment score indicating a likelihood that the comment expresses a type of sentiment;
determining, using the hardware processor, an aggregate score for the first portion of the media content item based on the sentiment score for the first plurality of comments;
causing, using the hardware processor, a sentiment plot representation to be presented that indicates the type of sentiment being expressed based on the aggregate score of the first portion of the media content item on a temporal axis corresponding to times of the media content item, wherein the sentiment plot representation is a line plot corresponding to a single sentiment, and wherein the sentiment plot representation is presented along with (i) at least a portion of the comments associated with a corresponding portion of the media content item being presented and (ii) one or more related media content items associated with the type of sentiment being expressed in the media content item;
identifying, using the hardware processor, a second plurality of comments associated with a second portion of the media content item;
generating, using the hardware processor, the sentiment score for each of the second plurality of comments and determining the aggregate score for the second portion of the media content item based on the sentiment score for the second plurality of comments; and
modifying, using the hardware processor, the sentiment plot representation to indicate the type of sentiment being expressed based on the aggregate score of the first portion of the media content item and the aggregate score of the second portion of the media content item.

US Pat. No. 10,191,880

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE USING THE TOPOLOGY OF AN ISING MODEL

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a spin array in which a spin unit is formed, the spin unit including a memory cell storing a value of one spin in an Ising model, a memory cell storing an interaction coefficient from an adjacent spin interacting with the spin, a memory cell storing an external magnetic field coefficient of the one spin, and a circuit deciding a next state of the one spin by binary majority decision logic based on a product of the value of each of the adjacent spins and the corresponding interaction coefficient, and the external magnetic field coefficient,
the spin array being formed by having a plurality of the spin units, each having each spin in the Ising model allocated thereto, arranged and connected on a two-dimensional plane on a semiconductor substrate in a state where a topology of the Ising model is maintained.

US Pat. No. 10,191,879

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CREATING SNAPSHOTS IN OPENFLAME ENVIRONMENT

Veritas Technologies LLC,...

1. A method for creating snapshots and backups in a virtual computing environment, comprising:writing application output of an application spanning one or more virtual machines as an application consistency group to a writeback cache, wherein the one or more virtual machines are implemented using one or more compute nodes and wherein the writeback cache is implemented in direct attached storage in the one or more compute nodes;
pausing I/O (input/output) operations of the application;
marking the pausing, in the writeback cache;
resuming the I/O operations of the application, after the marking; and
dumping data, according to the marking, from the writeback cache to a data node, as a snapshot.

US Pat. No. 10,191,837

AUTOMATED END-TO-END ANALYSIS OF CUSTOMER SERVICE REQUESTS

VMware, Inc., Palo Alto,...

1. A computer-implemented method for providing an automated end-to-end analysis of customer service requests, said method comprising:receiving a core dump, wherein said core dump corresponds to said customer service request regarding a crash of a computer system;
automatically analyzing said core dump with a processor to generate analysis results, wherein said automatically analyzing said core dump further comprises:
automatically determining a culprit module responsible for said crash of said computer system; and
automatically generating a signature back trace, wherein said signature back trace pertains to a symptom of said crash of said computer system, and wherein said automatically determining a culprit module responsible for said crash of said computer system further comprises:
generating an essential stack of functions corresponding to said crash of said computer system;
determining a tag sequence and a tag depth corresponding to said essential stack of functions;
deriving a list of permissible tag permutations corresponding to said computer system; and
utilizing said tag sequence and said tag depth in combination with said list of permissible tag permutations to identify a culprit module responsible for said computer crash; and
generating a graphical representation for display on a graphic user interface of a computer, wherein said graphical representation corresponds to said analysis results for said core dump.

US Pat. No. 10,191,828

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO CONTROL A MONITORING AGENT IN A COMPUTING ENVIRONMENT

VMware, Inc., Palo Alto,...

1. A method to control a monitoring agent, the method comprising:instructing, by executing an instruction with a processor, a monitoring agent of a compute node to perform a first monitoring operation associated with a first monitoring level;
in response to the first monitoring operation returning a first result that is within an acceptable threshold, transitioning to a second monitoring level; and
in response to determining that the first monitoring operation is not expected to be executed within a threshold period of time, revoking an executable privilege of a pre-requisite of the first monitoring operation at the compute node.

US Pat. No. 10,191,817

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR BACKING UP LARGE DISTRIBUTED SCALE-OUT DATA SYSTEMS

Veritas Technologies LLC,...

1. A computer-implemented method for backing up large distributed scale-out data systems, at least a portion of the method being performed by a computing device comprising at least one processor, the method comprising:identifying a backup job to be performed on a distributed scale-out storage system that presents a unified storage view, the backup job comprising a plurality of data objects, and the distributed scale-out storage system exposing to a client as the unified storage view a single data repository representing multiple underlying storage devices;
determining, in response to the backup job applying to distributed scale-out storage and based on a scope of the backup job, a number of backup systems to deploy for performing the backup job;
deploying a plurality of backup systems based on the determined number of backup systems and creating a plurality of backups covering the plurality of data objects by, for each backup system within the plurality of backup systems, (1) assigning, to the backup system, a subset of the plurality of data objects within the backup job to back up and (2) backing up, by the backup system, the subset of the plurality of data objects assigned to the backup system, wherein:
deploying the plurality of backup systems further comprises dividing the backup job into the plurality of backups corresponding to a plurality of subsets; and
the backup job is divided such that each subset includes data objects within the backup job that were originally stored on a separate respective storage node of the distributed scale-out storage system at least in part by querying the distributed scale-out storage system for underlying storage locations of data objects identified within the unified storage view; and
combining the plurality of backups into a unified backup that represents the unified storage view presented by the distributed scale-out storage system.

US Pat. No. 10,191,794

MONITORING AND ANALYZING WATCHDOG MESSAGES IN AN INTERNET OF THINGS NETWORK ENVIRONMENT

McAfee, LLC, Santa Clara...

1. At least one machine readable storage medium having instructions stored thereon to monitor nodes in a network, the instructions when executed by at least one processor cause the at least one processor to:cause a bit in a first bit sequence of a device filter to indicate a failure state based on not receiving a message from a node in the network during a reporting time interval; and
upon the reporting time interval expiring, combine the first bit sequence with a corresponding bit sequence of a shadow filter to preserve, in the shadow filter, an indication of the failure state based on the bit in the first bit sequence and any other indications of failure states from bits of the corresponding bit sequence of the shadow filter.

US Pat. No. 10,191,774

HARDWARE ACCELERATION OF WEB APPLICATIONS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for enabling hardware acceleration of a web application, comprising:parsing a web page using a scripting engine, wherein the web page necessitates running the web application; and
accessing, through a compute context object, one or more Application Program Interfaces (APIs) that distribute tasks of the web application among multiple cores of a multi-core central processing unit (CPU) or graphical processing unit (GPU) to create one or more kernels to operate on the multiple cores, wherein the compute context object is created in response to instantiating a compute context class, the compute context object acts as a bridge between the scripting engine and the one or more APIs, the compute context object defines one or more hardware acceleration APIs providing one or more bindings to the one or more APIs, the one or more kernels operate on the multiple cores using the one or more bindings, the compute context object further defines one or more additional hardware acceleration APIs providing one or more additional bindings to the one or more APIs, clean up in response to the hardware acceleration of the web application is performed using the one or more additional bindings, the one or more APIs are one or more OpenCL APIs, and the one or more additional hardware acceleration APIs comprise one or more Web Acceleration APIs that are bound to the one or more OpenCL APIs.

US Pat. No. 10,191,758

DIRECTING DATA TRAFFIC BETWEEN INTRA-SERVER VIRTUAL MACHINES

vArmour Networks, Inc., ...

1. A system for improving data communications between intra-server virtual machines, the system comprising:network interfaces;
at least one hardware processor communicatively coupled to the network interfaces;
an intra-server routing module implemented by the at least one hardware processor; and
a memory communicatively coupled to the at least one hardware processor, the memory storing instructions which are executable by the at least one hardware processor to perform a method comprising:
receiving, by the intra-server routing module, a first data packet from a first virtual machine directed to a second virtual machine, the first virtual machine and the second virtual machine being associated with the same server;
without inspection from the intra-server routing module, providing to an inline device the first data packet, the inline device forwarding the first data packet to an external routing environment;
receiving, by the intra-server routing module, the first data packet from the external routing environment being allowed for delivery to the second virtual machine based on a predetermined policy;
determining, by a tap sensor, that a data flow associated with the first data packet is allowed between the first virtual machine and the second virtual machine using the receipt of the first data packet, the data flow including data packets from the first virtual machine directed to the second virtual machine and data packets from the second virtual machine directed to the first virtual machine;
using the determination, replacing, by the intra-server routing module, in second data packets of the allowed data flow, a unique identifier of the first virtual machine with a first unique identifier, and replacing a unique identifier of the second virtual machine with a second unique identifier, the first unique identifier and the second unique identifier being associated with the network interfaces of the intra-server routing module; and
directing, by the intra-server routing module, the allowed data flow between the first virtual machine and the second virtual machine using the first unique identifier and the second unique identifier associated with the intra-server routing module, the allowed data flow being directed internally within the server.

US Pat. No. 10,191,756

HYPERVISOR-AGNOSTIC METHOD OF CONFIGURING A VIRTUAL MACHINE

Rackspace US, Inc., San ...

1. A method for configuring a new virtual machine environment (VME), the method comprising:mounting, by a first virtual machine in the VME, a first configuration disk wherein the first virtual machine is associated with a first operating disk image, and wherein mounting the first configuration disk includes making the configuration disk locally accessible to the first virtual machine as a distinct disk from the first operating disk image;
storing configuration information from the first virtual machine on the first configuration disk;
uploading the configuration information to an online storage in the form of a configuration disk image, wherein the configuration disk image is distinct from the first operating disk image or any backups or snapshots thereof;
downloading, by a second virtual machine in the VME associated with a second operating disk image, the configuration information from the online storage;
mounting the configuration disk image by the second virtual machine, wherein mounting the first configuration disk includes making the configuration disk locally accessible to the second virtual machine as a distinct disk from the second operating disk image; and
using the downloaded configuration information to configure the second virtual machine.

US Pat. No. 10,191,738

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INTERFACING A SENSOR AND A PROCESSOR

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A sensor system comprising:a data sink portion including a data sink processor;
a data source portion including a data source processor to receive output from at least one sensor and at least one buffer;
an interface coupling the data sink portion and the data source portion; and
a hardware abstraction layer implemented by at least one interface manager to provide an abstraction of the data source portion by translating data sink processor communications from a hardware-independent format to a hardware-dependent format.

US Pat. No. 10,191,719

MRAM-BASED PROGRAMMABLE MAGNETIC DEVICE FOR GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS

CROCUS TECHNOLOGY SA, Gr...

1. A programmable magnetic device for generating random numbers during a programming operation, comprising an array of a plurality of magnetic tunnel junctions, each magnetic tunnel junction comprising a reference layer having a reference magnetization a tunnel barrier layer; and a storage layer having a storage magnetization;the programmable magnetic device being arranged such that, during the programming operation, the storage magnetization is orientable in an unstable magnetization configuration and relaxable randomly in one of a plurality of stable or metastable configurations from the unstable magnetization configuration;
wherein said unstable magnetization configuration and said plurality of stable or metastable configurations are determined by magnetic interactions between adjacent the magnetic tunnel junctions within the array.

US Pat. No. 10,191,712

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND RECORDING MEDIUM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a signal receiver configured to receive a video signal from an external display apparatus;
a signal processor configured to process the video signal received by the signal receiver;
a display configured to display an image based on the video signal processed by the signal processor; and
a controller configured to:
among a plurality of frames in the video signal, identify a first frame including a first on-screen-display (OSD) menu generated by the external display apparatus and a second frame not including the first OSD menu, and
control the signal processor so that the display does not display an image based on the first frame of the video and displays an image based on the second frame of the video signal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,708

METHOD, APPARATRUS AND COMPUTER-READABLE MEDIUM FOR DISPLAYING IMAGE DATA

BEIJING XIAOMI MOBILE SOF...

1. A method for displaying image data, the method comprising:determining current spatial position information and attitude information of a terminal, and establishing a data connection between the terminal and a wearable device when detecting that an image-capturing component of the terminal is turned on;
sending image data captured by the image-capturing component to the wearable device for displaying the image data synchronously when the current spatial position information and attitude information of the terminal meet a preset condition that is disadvantageous for viewing a screen of the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,697

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD

Ricoh Company Ltd., Toky...

1. An information processing apparatus for executing a printer driver that is available to one or more image forming apparatuses that are connected to the information processing apparatus via network, the information processing apparatus comprising a processor, in communication with a memory, executing a process including:displaying, by a first print setter on a display device, a first print setting screen for making a setting relating to printing by the printer driver;
displaying, by a second print setter on the display device, a second print setting screen for making a setting relating to the printing, the second print setting screen being different from the first print setting screen;
storing, in a first storage area, one or more pieces of first model information including information relating to a model corresponding to a predetermined image forming apparatus that is preliminarily registered in the printer driver among the one or more image forming apparatuses, wherein information cannot be added to the first storage area after the printer driver is installed in the information processing apparatus;
storing, by a model information manager in a second storage area that is different from the first storage area, the first model information corresponding to another image forming apparatus, among the one or more image forming apparatuses, that is different from the predetermined image forming apparatus, wherein information can be added to the second storage area after the printer driver is installed in the information processing apparatus;
storing, by the first print setter in the second storage area, connection destination information including information for identifying an image forming apparatus, among the one or more image forming apparatuses, connected to the information processing apparatus; and
displaying, by the second print setter, the second print setting screen corresponding to the image forming apparatus connected to the information processing apparatus, by using the connection destination information stored in the second storage area.

US Pat. No. 10,191,672

ASYNCHRONOUS COPYING OF DATA WITHIN MEMORY

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method executed by one or more processors, the method comprising:during execution of a software application by a processor, receiving, by a copy processor separate from the processor, a request for an asynchronous data copy operation to copy data within a memory accessible by the copy processor, wherein the request is received from a copy manager accessible by the software application in a user space of an operating system managing execution of the software application and includes an indication to the copy processor to set a completion flag upon completion of the asynchronous data copy operation instead of pass an interrupt to the copy manager upon completion of the asynchronous data copy operation;
in response to the request, initiating, by the copy processor, the asynchronous data copy operation;
continuing execution of the software application by the processor;
determining, by the copy processor, that the asynchronous data copy operation has completed; and
in response to determining that the asynchronous data copy operation has completed, selectively notifying based on the indication in the request to set the completion flag upon completion of the asynchronous data copy operation instead of pass the interrupt to the copy manager upon completion of the asynchronous data copy operation, by the copy processor, the software application that the asynchronous data copy operation has completed through the completion flag instead of the interrupt.

US Pat. No. 10,191,662

DYNAMIC ALLOCATION OF SEGMENTS IN A FLASH STORAGE SYSTEM

Pure Storage, Inc., Moun...

1. A method comprising:adjusting, by a host controller of a storage system during run-time, storage bandwidth for a storage system process responsive to an input output (I/O) write request to write data to the storage system that comprises a plurality of solid-state storage drives by:
calculating an allocation share for the storage system process requesting to write the data using a target ratio of open segments assigned to the storage system process, a target ratio of open segments assigned to other storage system processes having open segments, and a target number of open segments for the storage system; and
responsive to determining an open segment usage by the storage system process is under the allocation share for the storage system process, opening a new segment for the storage system process.

US Pat. No. 10,191,644

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND PROGRAM

Sony Corporation, (JP)

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:a controller communication unit configured to receive an electronic wireless signal conveying operation information; and
a processor configured to
detect a user's operation based on the operation information,
display content in a part including a middle of a display screen and display thumbnails corresponding to content belonging to one category in one direction along one side of the display screen in a region located separately from the middle of the display screen in a manner that the thumbnails overlap the displayed content,
move the displayed thumbnails according to the user's operation which indicates switching the one category to which the content corresponding to the displayed thumbnails belongs, and
display the thumbnails in groups such that a distance between any thumbnail in a group and any thumbnail in another group is greater than a distance between any two adjacent thumbnails within any one group, and such that at least one of the groups comprises two or more thumbnails and the thumbnails in the group do not overlap each other.

US Pat. No. 10,191,635

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF GENERATING A VIEW FOR A POINT OF INTEREST

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method of generating a view for an object, the method comprising:providing for display, with one or more processors, a first image related to the object;
generating, with the one or more processors, a task including information related to the object;
receiving, in response to the task, with the one or more processors, user manipulation of the first image with respect to the object, the user manipulation including bounding-box drawing operations;
determining, with the one or more processors based on the user manipulation of the first image with respect to the object, a viewpoint within at least a portion of the first image;
recording a viewcode for the object based on the viewpoint, the viewcode associating the viewpoint, the first image, and the task including the information related to the object; and
storing, with the one or more processors, the viewcode in a database.

US Pat. No. 10,191,622

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DESIGN AND DYNAMIC GENERATION OF A WEB PAGE

LivePerson, Inc., New Yo...

17. A computer-program product, tangibly embodied in a non-transitory machine-readable medium of a server device, including instructions configured to cause a data processing apparatus to:provide a toolbar including one or more cells for displaying content resources, wherein the toolbar is dynamically generated and displayed as an additional window with one or more pages of an application;
provide a plurality of content resources, wherein the plurality of content resources include resources of different content types, wherein at least one content resource is a real-time interactive element that facilitates a messaging communication with an available agent, and wherein an agent is available when the agent is available to participate in the messaging communication and has a skill specified by the application;
dynamically update display and content type of content resources presented in cells of the toolbar, wherein the display and content type of the content resources are dynamically updated in real-time as activities are performed on the application and as content of the application changes, wherein the display and content type of the content resources are dynamically updated using one or more content resource rules, and wherein the one or more content resource rules control a type of content resource to present in a toolbar based on one or more activities performed on one or more pages of an application and based on content of the one or more pages;
receive a request for a content resource, wherein the request is based on one or more detected activities performed on the one or more pages of the application;
select a content resource rule according to the one or more detected activities performed on the one or more pages of the application, wherein the content resource rule is evaluated to determine whether to provide a real-time interactive element that facilitates a messaging communication;
use the selected content resource rule to determine whether one or more agents are available to participate in a messaging communication, wherein the selected content resource rule is further used to determine whether the one or more agents have a skill specified by the application;
dynamically select a content resource using the selected content resource rule, wherein the content resource is selected when the one or more agents are determined to be available to participate in a messaging communication and to have the skill specified by the application, and wherein the selected content resource is a real-time interactive element that facilitates messaging communications between customer devices and one or more agent devices of one or more available agents having the skill;
provide the real-time interactive element for presentation in at least one of the cells of the toolbar displayed with the one or more pages, wherein content resources of different content types are presented within different cells of the toolbar, and wherein selection of the real-time interactive element facilitates a messaging communication between a customer device and an agent device associated with an available agent having the skill;
receive input corresponding to selection of the real-time interactive element; and
facilitate the messaging communication between the customer device and the agent device of the available agent having the skill.

US Pat. No. 10,191,606

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE WITH TOUCH SCREEN

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate smaller than the first substrate;
a touch detecting electrode for detecting a position;
a plurality of terminals provided on the first substrate for supplying a position detection voltage to the touch detecting electrode;
a wiring line provided on the first substrate and connecting to one of the plurality of terminals;
a transparent electrically conductive protecting layer is disposed above the second substrate; and
a flexible printed circuit board supplying a signal to the first substrate and connecting to the first substrate, wherein
the touch detecting electrode has a near side to the flexible printed circuit board and a far side which is opposed to the near side,
the touch detecting electrode has a first connecting portion and a second connecting portion which are electrically connects with one of the plurality of terminals respectively,
the first connecting portion supplies the position detecting voltage to the near side of the touch detecting electrode,
the second connecting portion supplies the position detecting voltage to the far side of the touch detecting electrode, and
the wiring line electrically connects between the second connecting portion and one of the plurality of terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,191,590

TOUCH WINDOW

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A touch window comprising:a substrate including an active area and an unactive area defined therein;
a sensing electrode on the substrate; and
a wire electrode connected to the sensing electrode,
wherein the wire electrode includes a first wire electrode, a second wire electrode and a reinforcement electrode connected to the first and second wire electrodes,
at least one of the first and second wire electrodes and the reinforcement electrode is formed in a mesh shape, and
the wire electrode extends from the active area to the unactive area,
wherein at least one of the first and second wire electrodes and the reinforcement electrode is disposed on the active area,
wherein the touch window further comprises a printed circuit board connected to the second wire electrode on the unactive area,
wherein the second wire electrode includes a first sub-second wire electrode connected to the reinforcement electrode and a second sub-second wire electrode connected to the printed circuit board, and
wherein the first sub-second wire electrode has a width different from a width of the second sub-second wire electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,191,589

SAMPLING FREQUENCY AND ACCUMULATOR SWEEPING IN A TOUCH SCREEN CONTROLLER

STMicroelectronics Asia P...

1. A circuit, comprising:a charge to voltage converter circuit having an input coupled to receive a sense signal from a sense node associated with a mutual capacitance to be sensed, and an output;
a reset switch coupled between the output of the charge to voltage converter circuit and the input of the charge to voltage converter;
an accumulator circuit configured to accumulate voltages at the output of the charge to voltage converter circuit and to generate an accumulator output signal;
control circuitry configured to generate control signals for the reset switch and accumulator circuit so as to reduce noise in the accumulator output signal, wherein the control signals for the reset switch define a sampling frequency for the accumulator circuit;
wherein the accumulator circuit accumulates the voltages at the output of the charge to voltage converter according to the sampling frequency;
wherein the accumulator circuit accumulates the voltages at the output of the charge to voltage converter a given number of times at each sampling frequency;
wherein a transfer function of the accumulator circuit has notches at frequency positions dependent upon the given number of times the accumulator circuit accumulates the voltages at the output of the charge to voltage converter at each sampling frequency; and
wherein the control signals serve to change the given number of times so as to shift the notches in the transfer function of the accumulator circuit toward the sampling frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,191,579

TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR BIDIRECTIONAL ORTHOGONAL SIGNALING SENSORS

Tactual Labs Co., New Yo...

34. A touch sensitive device, comprising:row conductors and column conductors positioned in proximity to each other such that a touch event on or in proximity to the touch sensitive device causes a change in coupling between at least one of the row conductors and at least one of the column conductors;
row signal generator operatively connected to each of the row conductors, the row signal generator adapted to simultaneously transmit respective ones of a plurality of orthogonal row signals onto each of the row conductors, each orthogonal row signal being orthogonal to each of the other orthogonal row signals;
column receiver operatively connected to each of the column conductors, the column receiver being adapted to receive signals on each of the column conductors;
signal processor adapted to determine measurements corresponding to each of the plurality of orthogonal row signals present on each of the column conductors from the signals received by the column receiver;
column signal generator operatively connected to each of the column conductors, the column signal generator adapted to simultaneously transmit respective ones of a plurality of orthogonal column signals onto each of column conductors, each orthogonal column signal being orthogonal to each of the other orthogonal column signals;
row receiver operatively connected to each of the row conductors, the row receiver being adapted to receive signals on each of the row conductors;
at least one switch to switch between broadcast and receive on at least one of the row conductors or column conductors;
the signal processor being further adapted to determine measurements corresponding to of each of the plurality of orthogonal column signals present on each of the row conductors from the signals received by the row receiver;
the signal processor being yet further adapted to use the determined measurements corresponding to each of the plurality of orthogonal row signals and the determined measurements corresponding to each of the plurality of orthogonal column signals to determine a location of a touch event on or in proximity to the touch sensitive device; and
the signal processor configured to interleave processing of a first signal received on the at least one of the row conductors or column conductors with sampling of a second signal received on another of the row conductors or plurality of column conductors.

US Pat. No. 10,191,574

FLEXIBLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a memory storing instructions;
a flexible display;
a touch panel;
at least one sensor; and
at least one processor configured to execute the storing instructions to:
identify a wearing state of the electronic device by using the at least one sensor;
based on the identification, obtain, by using the at least one sensor, information regarding a motion of the electronic device;
in response to detecting a touch input on the touch panel while obtaining the information regarding the motion of the electronic device, obtain information regarding the touch input;
identify, among a plurality of interactions configured in the electronic device, an interaction corresponding to the information regarding the motion of the electronic device and the information regarding the touch input; and
provide a function corresponding to the identified interaction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,567

EITHER-HANDED REPLACEABLE MOUSE

Dexin Corporation, New T...

1. An either-handed replaceable mouse, comprising:a mouse body, having a first button part and a second button part;
a first replaceable top cover, effective for covering the mouse body and having a first button area and a second button area, the first button area and the second button area being correspondingly located on the first button part and the second button part respectively,
wherein said first replaceable top cover, when mounted to said mouse body, provides a height from the top of the first button area on the first button part to the bottom of the mouse body that is greater than the height from the top of the second button area on the second button part to the bottom of the mouse body; and
a second replaceable top cover, effective for covering the mouse body and having a first button area and a second button area, the first button area and the second button area being correspondingly located on the first button part and the second button part respectively,
wherein said second replaceable top cover, when mounted to said mouse body, provides a height from the top of the first button area on the first button part to the bottom of the mouse body that is less than the height from the top of the second button area on the second button part to the bottom of the mouse body.

US Pat. No. 10,191,563

MANIPULATION INPUT DEVICE THAT DETECTS A MANIPULATION FORCE TO MOVE A MANIPULATION MEMBER

Alps Electric Co., Ltd., ...

1. A manipulation input device comprising:a manipulative member;
a first detector and a second detector disposed at different positions on the manipulative member, the first detector and the second detector each detecting displacement of the manipulative member, the displacement being caused when the manipulative member receives a manipulation force; and
a processor performing processing to identify a position at which the manipulative member has received the manipulation force according to detection results obtained from the first detector and the second detector and to positions of the first detector and the second detector on the manipulative member; wherein:
the processor performs processing to identify intensity of the manipulation force in a first direction parallel to a straight line mutually connecting the first detector and the second detector and in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction;
the processor decides that:
if a distance between the identified position and a reference position is smaller than a predetermined value, a manipulation is to rotate the manipulative member,
if the distance between the identified position and the reference position is larger than or equal to the predetermined value and the identified intensity of the manipulation force in the first direction is larger than or equal to the identified intensity of the manipulation force in the second direction, the manipulation is to move the manipulative member in the first direction, and
if the distance between the identified position and the reference position is larger than or equal to the predetermined value and the identified intensity of the manipulation force in the first direction is smaller than the identified intensity of the manipulation force in the second direction, the manipulation is to move the manipulative member in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,561

TRACKING CONTROLLERS OF A VIRTUAL REALITY SYSTEM

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A method comprising:receiving a first real-world image captured by an image tracking system remote to a user, the first real-world image including a first real-world view of a controller held by a user from a first perspective;
receiving a second real-world image captured by an imaging device located on a virtual reality (VR) headset worn by the user, the VR headset displaying a virtual environment to the user, the second real-world image captured at substantially the same time as the first real-world image, the second real-world image including a second real-world view of the controller from a second perspective different from the first perspective;
identifying a first set of features of the controller in the first real-world image, the first set of features representing locators on the controller depicted in the first real-world image;
identifying a second set of features of the controller in the second real-world image, the second set of features representing locators on the controller depicted in the second real-world image;
determining a pose of the controller using the first set of features and the second set of features, the pose specifying a location of the controller and further specifying a rotational orientation of the controller, wherein determining the pose of the controller comprises:
identifying a plurality of candidate poses of a virtual model of the controller,
performing a first set of comparisons between the first set of features in the first real-world image with each of a first plurality of virtual feature sets, each of the first plurality of virtual feature sets associated with one of the candidate poses from the first perspective,
performing a second set of comparisons between the second set of features in the second real-world image with each of a second plurality of virtual feature sets, each of the second plurality of virtual feature sets associated with one of the candidate poses from the second perspective,
identifying, based on both the first set of comparisons and the second set of comparisons, one of the plurality of candidate poses of the virtual model as being consistent with both the first set of features in the first real-world image and the second set of features in the second real-world image, and
determining that the pose of the controller is the identified candidate pose of the virtual model; and
responsive to determining the pose of the controller, performing an action within the virtual environment to update a position and orientation of a virtual object in the virtual environment controlled by the determined pose of the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,191,560

THROTTLE FUNCTIONALITY OF HAPTIC CONTROLLER

Verily Life Sciences LLC,...

1. A system configured to operate a robotic device, the system comprising:a rotatable knob coupled to a base;
at least one motor that is operable to apply a torque-generating force to the rotatable knob;
a curved touchpad comprising one or more touch sensors arranged to sense touch input on a curved surface of the rotatable knob; and
a control system configured to:
detect, based at least in part on touch data from the curved touchpad, a throttle mode input; and
in response to the throttle mode input, operate the at least one motor to affect the rotation of the rotatable knob to simulate a throttle.

US Pat. No. 10,191,556

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF DISPLAYING INFORMATION IN RESPONSE TO A GESTURE

BlackBerry Limited, Wate...

1. A method comprising:displaying information associated with a first application on a touch-sensitive display of an electronic device;
receiving a notification associated with a second application while displaying the information associated with the first application, wherein the second application is different from the first application;
after receiving the notification, detecting a gesture on the touch-sensitive display, wherein the gesture indicates a request to preview information from the second application; and
without opening the second application, gradually displaying the information from the second application by gradually shifting the information from the second application onto the touch-sensitive display, wherein the gradual shifting occurs in accordance with movement of the gesture.

US Pat. No. 10,191,554

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND CONTROLLING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A controlling method of a display apparatus, comprising:based on a captured image of an object corresponding to a predetermined shape while the display apparatus is operated in a general driving mode, activating an intermediate mode and displaying a mode conversion user interface (UI) that provides a guideline of a first motion for switching from the intermediate mode to a motion task mode that allows a user to control at least one function of the display apparatus via a second motion different from the first motion;
based on recognizing the first motion that corresponds to the guideline within a predetermined time since the intermediate mode is activated, activating the motion task mode and displaying a motion task UI to control the display apparatus in accordance with the second motion;
based on recognizing the second motion to control the at least one function of the display apparatus while the display apparatus is operated in the motion task mode, controlling the at least one function corresponding to the second motion,
wherein the general driving mode is switched to the motion task mode through the intermediate mode that occurs between the general driving mode and the motion task mode, based on the first motion being recognized within the predetermined time since the intermediate mode is activated.

US Pat. No. 10,191,545

CONTENT PRESENTATION

X Development LLC, Mount...

1. A computer-implemented method executed by one or more processors and comprising:receiving brain activity data of a user from a brain wave sensor;identifying Alpha wave activity from the brain activity data;determining, based on the Alpha wave activity, a synchronization timing for presenting content to the user such that the content appears on a display device during a predetermined phase of the Alpha wave activity, the synchronization timing including a trigger point of the user's Alpha wave activity that indicates an onset of the predetermined phase;
determining a processing delay between triggering presentation of content and presenting the content on the display, wherein the synchronization timing accounts for the delay; and
in response to detecting the trigger point of the user's Alpha wave activity, causing the content to be displayed on the display device according to the synchronization timing, the content including a first content item and a second content item that is associated with the first content item.

US Pat. No. 10,191,506

DEMAND RESPONSE DISPATCH PREDICTION SYSTEM INCLUDING AUTOMATED VALIDATION, ESTIMATION, AND EDITING RULES CONFIGURATION ENGINE

ENEL X NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A demand response dispatch prediction system that performs validation, estimation, and editing (VEE) on a plurality of interval based energy consumption streams, the system comprising:a post VEE readings data stores, configured to provide a plurality of tagged energy consumption data sets that are each associated with a corresponding one of the plurality of interval based energy consumption streams, each of said plurality of tagged energy consumption data sets comprising:
first groups of contiguous interval values tagged as having been validated; and
second groups of contiguous interval values tagged as having been edited;a rules processor, configured to read said post VEE readings data stores upon initiation of an event and, for said each of said plurality of tagged energy consumption data sets, configured to create a plurality of anomalies having a plurality of different durations using only said first groups of contiguous interval values, said first groups of contiguous interval values corresponding to correct data, and configured to generate a plurality of estimates for said plurality of anomalies by employing a plurality of estimation techniques for each of said plurality of different durations and, for said each of said plurality of different durations, configured to select a corresponding one of said plurality of estimation techniques for subsequent employment when performing VEE of subsequent energy consumption data associated with said each of said plurality of different durations for said corresponding one of said one or more interval based energy consumption streams; one or more central processing units, coupled to said post VEE readings data stores and to weather stores, configured to execute one or more application programs to perform functions of a dispatch prediction element, wherein said dispatch prediction element is configured to receive post VEE readings and forecasted outside temperatures corresponding to the plurality of interval based energy consumption streams, and configured to estimate future cumulative energy consumption of facilities corresponding to the plurality of interval based energy consumption streams, and configured to predict a dispatch order reception time for a demand response program event when said cumulative energy consumption exceeds a specified threshold; anda dispatch controller, coupled to said dispatch prediction element, configured to prepare actions required to control each of said facilities, wherein said dispatch controller optimally sheds energy specified in a dispatch order, upon reception of said dispatch order at said dispatch order reception time.

US Pat. No. 10,191,502

POWER SUPPLY DEVICE

Hosiden Corporation, Osa...

1. A power supply device for outputting a DC voltage comprising:a pair of positive and negative output terminals, a load to which the DC voltage is applied being connected thereto;
a detection unit configured to detect a voltage value of the DC voltage output from the output terminals;
a setting unit configured to select an instruction value for the DC voltage output from the output terminals from among a plurality of preset instruction values, and set the selected instruction value; and
a correction unit configured to increase one of the voltage value detected by the detection unit and the instruction value set by the setting unit, according to an amount by which a current value of a current that flows through the load increases, wherein
the detection unit is provided between the positive terminal of the pair of output terminals and a ground potential,
the correction unit is provided between the setting unit and the ground potential, and increases the instruction value,
the detection unit has at least two resistors that are connected in series to each other and divide the DC voltage with respect to the ground potential,
the correction unit has a resistor provided between the negative terminal of the pair of output terminals and the ground potential, and
the setting unit has at least two resistors that are connected in series to each other and divide a reference voltage, which is a preset constant voltage, with respect to a potential of the negative terminal, and one of the at least two resistors to which the reference voltage is applied is connected in parallel to another resistor that is different from the at least two resistors, according to the plurality of instruction values.

US Pat. No. 10,191,498

CHEMICAL CONTROLLER SYSTEM AND METHOD

Pentair Water Pool and Sp...

1. A chemical controller for an aquatic application, comprising:at least one output relay coupled to a pump, the pump configured to introduce at least one chemical into the aquatic application, wherein the chemical controller controls the operation of the pump using the at least one output relay;
a current detection circuit configured to detect current on an output of the at least one output relay;
a current fault detection device configured to output a current fault signal indicative of an occurrence of a current fault condition, wherein the current fault condition comprises a condition where a current exists on the output of the at least one output relay while the at least one output relay is instructed to be deactivated via a corresponding relay enable signal;
at least one relay latch configured to receive the relay enable signal and the current fault signal and to decouple the relay enable signal from a corresponding relay latch output when the current fault signal indicates the occurrence of a current fault condition and to couple the relay enable signal to the corresponding relay latch output when the current fault signal indicates a current fault condition has not occurred; and
a relay drive circuit configured to receive a signal from the corresponding relay latch output and to responsively activate and deactivate the at least one output relay.

US Pat. No. 10,191,493

VEHICLE POSITION POINT FORWARDING METHOD FOR AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

BAIDU USA LLC, Sunnyvale...

1. A computer-implemented method for operating an autonomous vehicle (ADV) having a set of front wheels as both driving wheels and turning wheels, practiced on the ADV, the ADV having a processor coupled to a memory programmed with executable instructions that, when executed, implement the method on the ADV, the method comprising:determining a first position associated with a set of rear wheels of the autonomous vehicle based on global positioning system (GPS) data received from a GPS source;
determining a moving direction of the autonomous vehicle based on directional data received from an inertial measurement unit (IMU), wherein the IMU is onboard the autonomous vehicle;
calculating a second position associated with the set of front wheels of the autonomous vehicle based on the first position and the moving direction of the autonomous vehicle;
planning, by the ADV, a route segment of a route based on the second position associated with the set of front wheels as a current position of the autonomous vehicle, generating, by the ADV, planning and control data for the route segment utilizing the set of front wheels as both the driving wheels and the turning wheels, wherein the generated planning and control data includes generating speed and direction data to control the ADV along the route segment, and includes location and direction data of obstacles relative to the ADV along the route segment; and
controlling and driving the autonomous vehicle along the route segment based on the planning and control data.

US Pat. No. 10,191,491

PICKUP AND DROP OFF ZONES FOR AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

Waymo LLC, Mountain View...

1. A method comprising:sending, by a client computing device having one or more processors, a request for a vehicle to stop at a particular location;
in response to the request, receiving, by the client computing device, information identifying a current location of the vehicle;
receiving, by the client computing device, a pickup spot indicating where the vehicle may stop;
generating, by the client computing device, a map for display, the map including a first marker identifying the particular location and a second marker identifying the pickup spot relative to the first marker; and
displaying, by the client computing device, on a display of the client computing device, the map, the first marker on the map, and the second marker on the map.

US Pat. No. 10,191,489

CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR AUTONOMOUS SUBMERSIBLE STRUCTURES

X Development LLC, Mount...

17. At least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium encoded with executable instructions that, when executed by at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to perform operations comprising:receiving data from one or more sensors that detect one or more environmental parameters that are currently associated with an autonomous submersible structure that contains a particular species of live fish;
accessing a viability profile that is specific to the particular species of live fish contained in the autonomous submersible structure, and that indicates, for at least one of the environmental parameters, a respective range of values that is indicated as acceptable for the health or well-being of the particular species of live fish;
determining to reposition the autonomous submersible structure based at least on (i) the one or more environmental parameters that are currently associated with the autonomous submersible structure that contains the particular species of live fish, and (ii) the viability profile that is specific to the particular species of live fish contained in the autonomous submersible structure, and that indicates, for at least one of the environmental parameters, a respective range of values that is characterized as acceptable for the health or well-being of the particular species of live fish; and
based on determining to reposition the autonomous submersible structure, controlling a propulsion system of the autonomous submersible structure to reposition the autonomous submersible structure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,450

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATING BINARY HOLOGRAM

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method of generating a binary hologram, the method comprising:receiving data information used to construct a target object in a three-dimensional (3D) shape to be reproduced as a hologram;
generating a silhouette mask of the target object based on the data information;
generating a hologram having a complex value or a real number value in association with the target object based on the data information; and
binarizing the hologram by:
performing a first quantization process of allocating 0 or 1 to each pixel that constitutes a plane of the hologram;
applying the silhouette mask to the hologram quantized to 0 or 1; and
performing a second quantization process based on a distance between the silhouette mask applied to the quantized hologram and each pixel of the plane that is outside the silhouette mask, and
displaying the hologram on a spatial light modulator (SLM).

US Pat. No. 10,191,447

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH CONTROL PART THAT CORRECTS POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE BASED ON TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a development part that includes
a developer carrier to which a development voltage (V1) is applied and
a supply member to which a supply voltage (V2) is applied, the supply member supplying toner on a surface of the developer carrier;
a temperature detection part that detects an apparatus inner temperature that is measured inside or near the developer carrier; and
a control part that corrects a potential difference (?V) between the development voltage and the supply voltage based on a temperature difference (?T), wherein
the potential difference is an absolute value determined by:
?V=|(the development voltage)?(the supply voltage)|
the temperature difference is determined by:
?T=(the apparatus inner temperature)?(a glass transition starting temperature),
the glass transition starting temperature is defined as a temperature corresponding to an intersection between a base line and a glass transition start judgment tangent line, which are specified based on a differential curve of a differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) curve of the toner measured using a DSC method, herein
the horizontal axis of the DSC curve: temperature (° C.),
the vertical axis of the DSC curve: calorific differential value (?W/° C.),
the base line is a line along an initial section of the DSC curve in which the calorific differential value is approximately constant with respect to the calorific differential value,
the glass transition start judgment tangent line is a tangent line which is in contact with the differential curve at an intersection between the differential curve and a glass transition start judgment line that is a line of which the calorific differential values are 1.5 times greater than those of the base line.

US Pat. No. 10,191,433

SHEET FEEDING TIMING METHOD OF IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS BASED ON SHEET SIZE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a sheet holder configured to hold one or more sheets;
an image forming unit configured to perform image formation on the one or more sheets fed from the sheet holder;
a sheet feeder configured to feed the one or more sheets held in the sheet holder in a sheet conveyance direction toward the image forming unit;
a re-conveyance unit configured to re-convey, toward the image forming unit, the one or more sheets having passed through the image forming unit;
a first sensor configured to output a signal in response to detecting passage of each sheet fed by the sheet feeder;
a second sensor configured to output a signal in response to detecting passage of each sheet re-conveyed by the re-conveyance unit, the second sensor being located upstream of the first sensor;
a third sensor configured to output a signal in response to detecting passage of each sheet fed by the sheet feeder, the third sensor being located upstream of the second sensor; and
a controller configured to:
begin to feed a preceding sheet by the sheet feeder;
acquire a passing time period during which the preceding sheet being fed by the sheet feeder is passing through the first sensor, based on the signal from the first sensor;
begin to re-convey the preceding sheet by the re-conveyance unit;
begin to feed a subsequent sheet in response to the leading end of the preceding sheet being detected by the second sensor;
stop feeding the subsequent sheet at a predetermined position downstream of the sheet holder in the sheet conveyance direction in response to the leading end of the subsequent sheet being detected by the third sensor, the third sensor being located at the predetermined position;
in response to feeding of the subsequent sheet being stopped at the predetermined position after the preceding sheet has begun to be re-conveyed by the re-conveyance unit, calculate, based on the acquired passing time period during which the preceding sheet was passing through the first sensor, an adjustment time period between a point of time when a leading end of the preceding sheet re-conveyed by the re-conveyance unit is detected based on the signal from the second sensor and a point of time when the subsequent sheet is to resume being fed from the predetermined position toward the image forming unit, by the sheet feeder, the adjustment time period being determined to be shorter as the acquired passing time period is shorter; and
control the sheet feeder to feed the subsequent sheet from the predetermined position toward the image forming unit with timing adjusted based on the calculated adjustment time period.

US Pat. No. 10,191,432

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD INCLUDING PRE-FEEDING OF A RECORDING MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming method in an image forming apparatus including a door, a storage unit for storing a recording medium and a registration sensor for detecting the recording medium, the method comprising:conveying the recording medium from the storage unit toward the registration sensor;
performing, based on a print instruction, an image formation for forming an image to be transferred onto the recording medium conveyed from the storage unit;
detecting, before the print instruction occurs, whether the door is in a closed state or an open state;
conveying, before the print instruction occurs, the recording medium by a distance from the storage unit in response to detecting that the door is in the closed state after detecting that the door is in an opened state; and
stopping, before the print instruction occurs, the recording medium at the distance.

US Pat. No. 10,191,431

IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. A series-connected tandem image forming system comprising first and second image forming apparatuses capable of forming images on recording media by image forming units, the first and second image forming apparatuses being connected in series, the image forming system forming an image on a recording medium by either one or both of the first and second image forming apparatuses, whereinthe first image forming apparatus includes a first conveyance path for conveyance of the recording medium and a second conveyance path for conveyance of the recording medium, the first conveyance path provided with an image forming unit, the second conveyance path provided with no image forming unit and configured to bypass the image forming unit of the first conveyance path such that the recording medium conveyed from a feeding unit storing recording media therein is conveyed to the second image forming apparatus by the second conveyance path, the first and second conveyance paths being selectable therebetween,
the second image forming apparatus includes a third conveyance path for conveyance of the recording medium and a fourth conveyance path for conveyance of the recording medium, the third conveyance path being provided with an image forming unit, the fourth conveyance path provided with no image forming unit and configured to bypass the image forming unit of the third conveyance path such that the recording medium conveyed from the first image forming apparatus is discharged from the second image forming apparatus by the fourth conveyance path, the third and fourth conveyance paths being selectable therebetween, and
the first conveyance path and the third conveyance path convey the recording medium linearly, and the second conveyance path and the fourth conveyance path are conveyance paths that include curves through which the recording medium is conveyed,
wherein the image forming system further comprises
a first conveyance control unit configured to perform a conveyance control of the second image forming apparatus and a second conveyance control unit configured to perform a conveyance control of the first image forming apparatus,
at least one of the first conveyance control unit and the conveyance second control unit is configured to convey recording media having a predetermined basis weight through the first conveyance path and the third conveyance path.

US Pat. No. 10,191,429

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING A DRUM CARTRIDGE HAVING A DETECTION GEAR

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a main casing comprising:
a driving source;
a first sheet passage sensor for detecting a sheet; and
a detecting sensor;
a drum cartridge detachably mounted on the main casing, the drum cartridge comprising:
a photosensitive drum being rotatable about a first axis extending in a first direction;
a first detection gear being rotatable by receiving driving force from the driving source; and
a first detection protrusion being rotatable together with the first detection gear, the first detection protrusion being arranged to contact the first sheet passage sensor; and
a developing cartridge detachably mounted on the drum cartridge, the developing cartridge comprising:
a developing roller;
a second detection gear being rotatable by receiving driving force from the driving source; and
a second detection protrusion being rotatable together with the second detection gear, the second detection protrusion being arranged to contact the detecting sensor,
wherein the drum cartridge further comprises a transmission gear configured to transmit driving force from the driving source to the first detection gear and to engage the first detection gear;
wherein the transmission gear is rotatable about a second axis extending in the first direction; and
wherein the first detection gear is rotatable about a third axis extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,427

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING CONTROL METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a high-voltage power supply to supply high-voltage electric power for charging;
a charging device to be charged by the electric power supplied from the high-voltage power supply;
a photoconductor to carry an image to be formed on a recording medium, with the electric power supplied from the charging device;
a temperature sensor disposed at a distance from the photoconductor to detect temperature inside the image forming apparatus;
a humidity sensor disposed at a distance from the photoconductor to detect humidity inside the image forming apparatus; and
circuitry to output a signal for commanding an electric power value to the high-voltage power supply to cause the high-voltage power supply to supply the electric power with the electric power value, and control supply of the electric power based on an electric power value feedback signal from the high-voltage power supply,
the circuitry being configured to
obtain a temperature difference between the detected temperature and an estimated temperature,
obtain a humidity difference between the detected humidity and an estimated humidity,
obtain at least one of a time required for the temperature difference to become equal to or less than a predetermined value, and one of a time required for the humidity difference to become equal to or less than a predetermined value, as a waiting time,
store the waiting time in a memory in a table format and a table of the table format includes a plurality of warning times, and
detect film thickness on a surface of the photoconductor after a target waiting time elapses.

US Pat. No. 10,191,426

FAULT DETECTION

HP INDIGO B.V., Amstelve...

1. An apparatus for use in a printing system, comprising:a monitoring module comprising a controller to:
determine a length of a non-photoconductive portion of a photoconductor foil installed on an imaging member as the imaging member rotates; and
indicate a fault condition in response to the determined length being different from a reference length.

US Pat. No. 10,191,425

DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming device including at least one of a scanner and a printer, comprising:a memory storing:
level information that includes a plurality of energy saving levels according to energy consumption of the image forming device and a plurality of combinations of hardware resources that are supply targets for the plurality of energy saving levels among a plurality of hardware resources including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device, each of the plurality of energy saving levels being associated with one of the plurality of combinations of hardware resources in the level information, and
usage status information indicating whether hardware resource including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device is used, and
a processor configured to perform a method including the steps of:
first receiving, from an external device, a usage notification that one of the plurality of hardware resources including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device is used;
storing, in the memory, the usage status information of hardware resource including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device, that is indicated by the usage notification in response to receiving the usage notification;
second receiving, from the external device, an instruction for the image forming device to transition to an energy saving state;
selecting an energy saving level for the image forming device from the plurality of energy saving levels based on the usage status information and the level information that are stored in the memory in response to the second receiving, and
controlling a power supply of the plurality of hardware resources of the device including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device based on a combination of the hardware resources corresponding to a selected energy saving level.

US Pat. No. 10,191,424

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING SWITCHING FROM MONOCHROME IMAGE FORMING MODE TO COLOR IMAGE FORMING MODE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:an image forming unit comprising a plurality of image forming stations configured to form images of different colors, the image forming unit being capable of operating in a first mode of performing image formation using only a first image forming station for a predetermined color among the plurality of image forming stations, and a second mode of performing image formation using the plurality of image forming stations; and
a controller configured to control the image formation in the first mode and the image formation in the second mode,
wherein, in a case where the controller determines that switching to the image formation in the second mode occurs after the image formation in the first mode, the controller controls the image forming unit so that a second image forming station, which performs image formation first in the second mode among the plurality of image forming stations, starts a preparation operation of the second image forming station and the image formation by the second image forming station before the first image forming station ends the image formation in the first mode.

US Pat. No. 10,191,422

HEATER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A heater, comprising:an insulator substrate;
a first member configured to generate heat on an upper surface of the insulator substrate across a first direction, wherein the first member has a first end opposite a second end;
a plurality of electrodes formed on both the first end and the second end of the first member, respectively, wherein each electrode is disposed in a direction perpendicular to the first direction; and
a second member configured to store heat, wherein the second member comprises a latent heat material having latent heat in a target temperature zone, and wherein the latent heat material is fixed to a side surface or a bottom surface of the insulator substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,421

FUSER AND IMAGE APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A fuser comprising:an endless belt;
a base member disposed inside a space surrounded by the endless belt;
a sheet member including:
a first section pinched between an inner surface of the endless belt and the base member;
a second section extending from an end of the first section; and
a third section extending from another end of the first section; and
a stationary member configured to pinch the second section and the third section of the sheet member with the base member, the stationary member having a claw configured to stick in the second section and the third section of the sheet member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,420

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A fixing device comprising:a first rotating body configured to be formed in a cylindrical shape and heat media on which toner images are formed at a heating temperature while rotating;
a second rotating body configured to be formed in a cylindrical shape and sandwich the media in cooperation with the first rotating body while rotating and configured to press the media in cooperation with the first rotating body;
a first heat supplying part configured to supply the first rotating body with heat with which the first rotating body heats the media;
a charging part configured to be positioned opposite to the first rotating body, charge the first rotating body, include a discharging electrode and an auxiliary electrode to form an electric field in cooperation with the discharging electrode, cause the discharging electrode to discharge in a state where the electric field is formed, and charge the first rotating body with a same polarity as polarity of toner;
a second heat supplying part configured to supply the discharging electrode with heat that enables a temperature of the discharging electrode to be higher than the heating temperature; and
a controller configured to control the second heat supplying part in a period in a non-fixing operation and execute heat supplying mode in which heat that allows the temperature of the discharging electrode to be higher than the heating temperature is supplied to the discharging electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,191,419

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS TO CONVEY RECORDING MATERIAL HAVING AN IMAGE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit configured to form an image on a recording material;
a fixing unit configured to fix the image formed by the image forming unit on the recording material at a nip portion;
a conveyance path configured to convey a recording material on which the image has been fixed by the fixing unit,
wherein the image forming apparatus is configured such that a recording material, whose length in a conveyance direction is equal to or longer than a threshold length, is able to be conveyed in the conveyance path, and a recording material, whose length in the conveyance direction is shorter than the threshold length, is not able to be conveyed in the conveyance path; and
a control unit configured to perform control,
wherein, in a case where it is detected that a length of a predetermined recording material is shorter than the threshold lenght while the predetermined recording material is being conveyed toward the conveyance path, the control unit performs control to stop conveyance of the predetermined recording material in a state where the predetermined recording material is nipped at the nip portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,418

FIXATION APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMATION APPARATUS, METHOD OF CONTROLLING FIXATION APPARATUS, AND NON-TRANSITORY RECORDING MEDIUM STORING PROGRAM FOR CONTROLLING FIXATION APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A fixation apparatus configured to fix a toner image transferred to paper to the paper with heat, the fixation apparatus comprising:a rotatable belt;
a pressurization roller configured to be in contact with an outer circumferential surface of the belt and to rotate the belt;
a pressing member configured to face the pressurization roller with the belt being interposed therebetween and to press the belt against the pressurization roller;
a heating roller configured to provide heat to the paper which passes through a portion of contact between the belt and the pressurization roller by providing heat to the belt; and
an adjustment mechanism configured to adjust an amount of attachment of a lubricant to an inner circumferential surface of the belt,
wherein the adjustment mechanism includes:
a holding mechanism configured to hold the lubricant; and
an adjustment roller configured to be in contact with the lubricant and the inner circumferential surface of the belt and to rotate in a direction identical to the belt in a portion of contact with the inner circumferential surface of the belt,
wherein the adjustment mechanism is configured to adjust the amount of attachment of the lubricant to the inner circumferential surface of the belt such that an attached amount of the lubricant while the belt remains stopped is smaller than an attached amount of the lubricant during rotation of the belt,
wherein the adjustment mechanism recovers the lubricant attached to the inner circumferential surface of the belt before the belt stops rotation, and
wherein the adjustment roller supplies the lubricant to the inner circumferential surface of the belt by rotating faster than the belt and recovers the lubricant supplied to the inner circumferential surface of the belt by rotating slower than the belt.

US Pat. No. 10,191,417

FIXING DEVICE HAVING A COVER MEMBER THAT COVERS A FIXATION ROLLER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A fixing apparatus comprising:a first rotatable member configured to heat, in a fixing nip, an unfixed toner image formed on a sheet with toner comprising a parting material;
a second rotatable member cooperative with said first rotatable member to form said fixing nip;
a cleaner configured to clean said first rotatable member; and
a covering member configured to cover said first rotatable member over a range from said cleaner to an entrance of said fixing nip along a rotational direction of said first rotatable member with a gap D of not less than 0.5 mm and not more than 3.5 mm, said covering member being provided with a projection extending toward said first rotatable member at one end portion of said covering member with respect to the rotational direction of said first rotatable member, and said projection extending along a longitudinal direction of said first rotatable member,
wherein the gap D (mm) between said covering member and said first rotatable member and a peripheral speed V of said first rotatable member (mm/s) satisfy
0.5?D?0.0059×V+0.72.

US Pat. No. 10,191,416

WET NULL CYCLE PRINTING

HP INDIGO B.V., Amstelve...

1. A method of wetting a print blanket, comprising:during a printing session, receiving a null cycle trigger;
maintaining printing voltages on a forecast BID (binary ink developer) that has been prepared to print a next color separation onto a photoreceptor;
applying wet null voltages to a non-forecast BID, wherein the wet null voltages have the same polarity as the printing voltages and minimize electric fields between electrified surfaces and rollers within the non-forecast BID; and
engaging the non-forecast BID with the photoreceptor to transfer fluid other than ink to the photoreceptor during the null cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,191,413

TONER CARTRIDGE

GENERAL PLASTIC INDUSTRIA...

1. A toner cartridge for accommodating toners, the toner cartridge comprising:a barrel for accommodating the toners, the barrel having an end with an opening;
a transmission member rotatably disposed at the end of the barrel; and
a toner conveying shaft rotatably disposed inside the barrel and provided with a shaft portion and at least one scoop portion extending from the shaft portion in a way that the scoop portion conveys the toners from the barrel into the transmission member when the toner conveying shaft rotates relative to the barrel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,412

DEVELOPER SUPPLY CONTAINER AND DEVELOPER SUPPLYING SYSTEM HAVING PUMP OPERATED DEVELOPER DISCHARGE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A developer supply container comprising:a developer accommodating portion configured to accommodate developer;
a discharge opening provided in the developer accommodating portion and configured to permit discharging of the developer in the developer accommodating portion;
a driving force receiving portion configured and positioned to receive a driving force; and
a pump portion configured and positioned to act on the developer accommodating portion by the driving force received by the driving force receiving portion,
wherein the pump portion is configured to alternately change an internal pressure of the developer accommodating portion between a pressure lower than ambient pressure and a pressure higher than the ambient pressure to supply the developer along with air out of the developer accommodating portion through the discharge opening, which has an area of not more than 12.6 mm2.

US Pat. No. 10,191,410

DEVELOPING DEVICE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A developing device for use with an image forming apparatus, comprising:a developer carrying member being rotatable and configured to carry a developer for developing a latent image;
a supplying member, for supplying the developer to said developer carrying member, configured to be rotatable and to form a nip in contact with said developer carrying member;
an accommodating portion, provided below said supplying member in a state the developing device is mounted on the image forming apparatus for use, for accommodating the developer to be supplied from said supplying member to said developer carrying member;
a feeding member, provided in said accommodating portion, for feeding the developer accommodated in said accommodating portion to said supplying member;
a rotatable member, provided above said feeding member and located at a downstream side of the nip with respect to a rotational direction of said supplying member, for moving the developer toward the nip; and
a retaining portion for retaining the developer supplied to said supplying member,
wherein said supplying member rotates so that a surface thereof moves downward at the nip, and
wherein said rotatable member opposes said supplying member and is disposed in said retaining portion provided below the nip.

US Pat. No. 10,191,408

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND CARTRIDGE INCLUDING DETECTION GEAR

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A cartridge configured to accommodate a developing agent, the cartridge comprising:a detection gear rotatable about a first axis extending in a predetermined direction;
a first protrusion movable with rotation of the detection gear, wherein the at least one of the amount of the developing agent in the cartridge and the number of printable sheets by the developing agent in the cartridge is defined by motion of the first protrusion; and
a memory including a first storage region storing a first yield information representing the at least one of the amount of the developing agent in the cartridge and the number of printable sheets by the developing agent in the cartridge,
wherein the at least one of the amount of the developing agent and the number of printable sheets by the developing agent in the cartridge is confirmable based on both of the first yield information and motion of the first protrusion in response to rotation of the detection gear.

US Pat. No. 10,191,407

APPLYING A CORRECTIVE VOLTAGE

HP Indigo B.V., Amstelve...

9. A device comprising:a processor; and
a computer-readable medium storing instructions which, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
detect a voltage of a photoconductor layer of a printing device between an erase operation and a charging operation;
compare the voltage of the photoconductor layer to a threshold voltage;
apply a corrective voltage to a transfer member when the voltage of the photoconductor layer exceeds the threshold voltage: and
alert a user to not touch a photoconductor imaging plate (PIP) until the PIP has been discharged.

US Pat. No. 10,191,405

ELECTROSTATIC CHARGING MEMBER

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A bias charging member comprising:a) a conductive core, and
b) an outer surface layer disposed on the conductive core, the outer surface layer comprising a hydroxyl terminated poly(oxetane) based fluorinated polyether and an aminoplast resin, wherein the hydroxyl terminated poly(oxetane) based fluorinated polyether is represented by:
wherein x is from about 1 to about 40, y is from about 1 to about 40, and a sum of x and y is from about 2 to about 80.

US Pat. No. 10,191,403

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a plurality of photosensitive members;
a light scanning apparatus configured to emit light beams scanning on surfaces of the plurality of photosensitive members, respectively, to form electrostatic latent images on the surfaces of the plurality of photosensitive members;
a plurality of developing devices configured to develop the electrostatic latent images formed on the surfaces of the plurality of photosensitive members with developers having respective colors to form a plurality of toner images;
an intermediate transfer member on which the plurality of toner images developed by the plurality of developing devices are transferred;
a pattern detector configured to detect a registration correction pattern included in the toner images transferred onto the intermediate transfer member; and
a controller configured to correct a color misregistration between toner images having respective colors on the intermediate transfer member, based on a detection result of the pattern detector,
wherein the light scanning apparatus includes:
a light source configured to emit the light beams;
a rotary polygon mirror configured to deflect the light beams emitted from the light source so that the light beams scan on the surfaces of the plurality of photosensitive members, respectively, to form the electrostatic latent images;
a motor configured to rotate the rotary polygon mirror;
a first pulse generation unit configured to generate a first pulse in synchronization with a rotation speed of the motor;
a second pulse generation unit configured to generate a second pulse by receiving a light beam deflected by the rotary polygon mirror;
a drive circuit board, to which the light source is attached, configured to drive the light source according to image data;
a housing configured to hold the polygon mirror and the motor therein; and
a temperature detector, disposed on the drive circuit board provided outside of the housing, configured to detect a temperature of the drive circuit board, and
wherein the controller
starts rotation of the rotary polygon mirror when a predetermined condition is satisfied in a state in which the rotary polygon mirror is stopped, and rotates the rotary polygon mirror at a predetermined rotation speed based on the first pulse in a first state in which the light beams are not emitted from the light source,
thereafter, starts emission of the light beams from the light source, switches a rotation control based on the first pulse to a rotation control based on the second pulse, and rotates the rotary polygon mirror at the predetermined rotation speed based on the second pulse in a second state in which the light beams are emitted from the light source, and
thereafter, detects a temperature of the drive circuit board by the temperature detector in response to input of an image formation start signal for starting image formation, and corrects color misregistration using a detected temperature of the temperature detector and the detection result of the pattern detector.

US Pat. No. 10,191,401

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a sheet supply tray accommodating sheets;
an image forming unit configured to form an image on the sheet supplied from the sheet supply tray;
a first frame made of metal, the first frame being configured to support the image forming unit, the first frame comprising a first recessed part made of metal; and
a second frame arranged on an opposite side, with respect to the image forming unit, of the first frame, the second frame comprising a first resin part made of first resin and a second resin part made of second resin which has a higher tensile strength than the first resin, the second resin part comprising a second recessed part; and
a sheet supplying unit having sheet feed rollers configured to pick up and feed a sheet from the sheet supply tray, the sheet supplying unit bridging between the first frame and the second frame, the sheet supplying unit being positioned above the sheet supply tray, the sheet supplying unit comprising:
a first projected part configured to contact the first recessed part made of metal and thereby position the sheet supplying unit with respect to the first frame made of metal; and
a second projected part, a protruded length of the second projected part being shorter than a protruded length of the first projected part, the second projected part being configured to contact the second recessed part, which is made of the second resin, and thereby position the sheet supplying unit with respect to the second frame.

US Pat. No. 10,191,400

TONER FOR ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPMENT

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A toner for electrostatic charge image development, comprising toner base particles including at least a binder resin,having a volume resistivity of 1.0×1014 ?·cm or more at 25° C. with 50% RH by a temperature change method, and
having a volume resistivity of 1.0×1015 ?·cm or less at 67° C. by the temperature change method.

US Pat. No. 10,191,399

ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPING TONER, ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPER, AND TONER CARTRIDGE

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A mixed electrostatic charge image developing toner comprising:first toner particles comprising a binder resin and a colorant, and second toner particles comprising a binder resin,
wherein a content PCa of the colorant in the first toner particles is from 4% by weight to 20% by weight with respect to the first toner particles
a mixed weight ratio of the first toner particles and the second toner particles (weight of the first toner particles/weight of the second toner particles) is from 50/50 to 98/2,
an average circularity of the toner particles in at least one of the first or second toner particles is in a range of from 0.88 to 0.99, and
the second toner particles do not contain a colorant.

US Pat. No. 10,191,397

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An electrophotographic photosensitive member comprising a conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer, whereinthe photosensitive layer is a single-layer photosensitive layer,
the photosensitive layer contains a charge generating material, a hole transport material, an electron transport material, and a binder resin,
the binder resin contains a polyarylate resin,
a combination of the polyarylate resin and the hole transport material is either:
a combination of a polyarylate resin represented by a chemical formula (R-2) and a hole transport material represented by a chemical formula (HTM2-1); or
a combination of a polyarylate resin represented by a chemical formula (R-3) and a hole transport material represented by a chemical formula (HTM6-1),
the photosensitive layer has a scratch resistance depth of no greater than 0.50 ?m,
the photosensitive layer has a Vickers hardness of at least 17.0 HV,
the scratch resistance depth of the photosensitive layer is measured by a measurement method using a scratching apparatus,
the scratching apparatus includes a scratching stylus and a fixing table having an upper surface in a rectangular shape,
the scratching stylus has a hemispherical sapphire tip end having a diameter of 1 mm, and
the measurement method includes:
fixing the electrophotographic photosensitive member onto the upper surface of the fixing table such that a longitudinal direction of the electrophotographic photosensitive member is parallel to a longitudinal direction of the fixing table;
bringing the scratching stylus into perpendicular contact with a surface of the photosensitive layer;
forming a scratch on the surface of the photosensitive layer by the scratching stylus in a manner that the fixing table and the electrophotographic photosensitive member fixed on the upper surface of the fixing table are moved by 30 mm at a speed of 30 mm/minute while 10 g of a load is applied to the photosensitive layer through the scratching stylus in perpendicular contact with the surface of the photosensitive layer; and
measuring the scratch resistance depth that is a maximum depth of the scratch,

US Pat. No. 10,191,396

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, OBJECT POSITIONING SYSTEM AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus comprising:an object that is movable in at least one direction;
a temperature conditioning system configured to control a temperature of the object, wherein the temperature conditioning system comprises a conduit system configured to convey a fluid, wherein at least part of the conduit system is arranged on or in the object and wherein the at least part of the conduit system is sealed off on the object when controlling the temperature of the object or the conduit system further comprises a duct connected to the object to supply the fluid to the object;
a measurement system comprising a sensor to provide a measurement signal which is indicative of a pressure of the fluid at at least one location within the conduit system; and
a control system to control the movement of the object in the at least one direction under control of the measurement signal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,394

DISTORTION DETECTION METHOD, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, EXPOSURE METHOD, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method for obtaining a plurality of types of distortion components relating to a shot region of a substrate, implemented by a control unit included in an exposure apparatus configured to expose the substrate with light, the method comprising:obtaining, by the control unit, a first formula that expresses a shape of a substrate based on information about a warping shape of the substrate in a state where the substrate is not yet held by a chuck configured to hold the substrate and included in the exposure apparatus;
converting, by the control unit, the first formula into a second formula that expresses positional deviation amounts at a plurality of positions on a surface of the substrate held by the chuck;
calculating, by the control unit, the positional deviation amounts by using the second formula; and
obtaining, by the control unit, a plurality of types of distortion components relating to a shot region of the substrate, held by the chuck, based on the calculated positional deviation amounts,
wherein the chuck is held by a moving unit configured to be movable and included in the exposure apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,191,393

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus comprising:a reference frame;
a substrate stage movable relative to the reference frame and configured to hold a substrate;
a sub-frame coupled to the reference frame via a soft-mount;
a measurement device configured to sense an attribute of a substrate,
wherein the measurement device is mounted on the sub-frame and the soft-mount is configured to reduce the effect of vibrations in the reference frame on operation of the measurement device;
a sensor soft-mount configured to mount the measurement device on the sub-frame and reduce transmission of disturbances having a frequency higher than 100 Hz from the sub-frame to the measurement device; and
a position determining system configured to determine a position of the measurement device relative to the sub-frame.

US Pat. No. 10,191,392

ACTUATOR, POSITIONING DEVICE, LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN ACTUATOR

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An actuator comprising:coil assemblies arranged in an array, wherein each coil assembly defines a core chamber having a core chamber height;
a magnetic back; and
at least one magnetic member that extends partly along the core chamber height of the core chamber of a corresponding at least one coil assembly, wherein the at least one magnetic member is made of a magnetic material;
wherein the coil assemblies are coupled to the magnetic back, and wherein the at least one magnetic member is spaced from the magnetic back.

US Pat. No. 10,191,391

METROLOGY METHOD AND APPARATUS, COMPUTER PROGRAM AND LITHOGRAPHIC SYSTEM

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

6. A lithographic system comprising:a lithographic apparatus comprising:
an illumination optical system arranged to illuminate a pattern; and
a projection optical system arranged to project an image of the pattern onto a substrate; and
a metrology apparatus comprising:
an optical system comprising a sensor, the optical system configured to measure a target on a substrate by illuminating the target with radiation and, using the sensor, detecting the radiation scattered by the target; and
an array of lenses configured to form an image on the sensor, the image comprising a plurality of sub-images, such that each of the sub-images is formed by a corresponding one of the lenses,
wherein the optical system is further configured to:
measure intensity asymmetry in corresponding higher orders of the scattered measurement radiation from said sub-images; and
determine, from each of the measurements of intensity asymmetry, a local measurement of target asymmetry, and
wherein the lithographic apparatus is arranged to use the local measurement of target asymmetry in applying the pattern to further substrates.

US Pat. No. 10,191,390

METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING A MARK PATTERN TO A SUBSTRATE, A CALIBRATION METHOD, AND A LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method comprising:providing a reference substrate having a first mark pattern, with a first resist layer on the reference substrate, wherein the first resist layer has a minimal radiation dose needed for development of the first resist;
using a reference patterning device to impart a radiation beam with a second mark pattern in its cross-section to form a patterned radiation beam; and
exposing a target portion of the first resist layer of the reference substrate at least two times to the patterned radiation beam to create exposed areas in the target portion of the first resist layer in accordance with the second mark pattern that have been subjected to an accumulated radiation dose above the minimal radiation dose of the first resist layer, wherein the exposing is configured to position a resulting pattern in the first resist layer on the reference substrate closer to a desired position than would be the case with a single exposure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,388

EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exposure apparatus that exposes a substrate with illumination light via a projection optical system and liquid, the exposure apparatus comprising:a liquid immersion member provided to surround a plane-convex lens of a plurality of optical elements of the projection optical system, and to form a liquid immersion region with the liquid below the projection optical system, the plane-convex lens being located at a closest position to an image plane among the plurality of optical elements, the plane-convex lens having a planar surface, from which the illumination light is emitted, that is arranged to contact with the liquid;
a first stage system having a first holding member and a first drive system to move the first holding member in at least a first direction, the first direction being within a predetermined plane that is orthogonal to an optical axis of the projection optical system, the first holding member being arranged above the projection optical system and holding a mask that is illuminated with the illumination light, the first drive system having a first motor that drives the first holding member;
a detection system located away from the projection optical system at least in one sense of the first direction and to detect a mark of the substrate;
a second stage system having two second holding members and a second drive system to move the two second holding members in at least the first direction and a second direction, the second direction being within the predetermined plane and being orthogonal to the first direction, the two second holding members being arranged below the projection optical system and each configured to hold the substrate, the second drive system having a second motor that drives the two second holding members;
a measurement apparatus having a first measuring system to obtain positional information of the first holding member and having a second measuring system to obtain positional information of the two second holding members; and
a controller coupled to the first and second measuring systems and to the first and second drive systems, the controller being arranged to control the first and second drive systems based on measurement information of the first and second measuring systems such that, for an exposure process of the substrate via the projection optical system and the liquid of the liquid immersion region, an alignment process between the mask and the substrate is executed based on detection information of the detection system and such that a scanning exposure where the mask and the substrate are each moved relative to the illumination light is performed with the first direction being a scanning direction,
wherein, in a state in which one of the two second holding members is arranged opposite to the projection optical system, the controller controls the second drive system to move the other of the two second holding members in an opposite sense of the first direction so that the other of the two second holding members comes close to the one of the two second holding members, and
wherein, in a state in which the liquid immersion region is substantially maintained below the projection optical system, the controller controls the second drive system to move the close two second holding members in the opposite sense of the first direction relative to the liquid immersion member so that the other of the two second holding members is arranged opposite to the projection optical system in place of the one of the two second holding members.

US Pat. No. 10,191,387

REFLECTIVE MIRROR, PROJECTION OPTICAL SYSTEM, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A reflective mirror comprising:a base; and
a multilayer film configured to reflect at least a portion of incident light, the multilayer film including a first layer and a second layer that are laminated alternately on the base, the multilayer film having a periodic length defined as a sum of the thickness of the first layer and the thickness of the second layer,
wherein the base includes a first surface and a second surface, the first surface and the second surface formed with first and second height levels, respectively, relative to a surface of the multilayer film, wherein the first and second height levels are different from each other, and
wherein the multilayer film includes a first portion formed on the first surface and a second portion formed on the second surface, and further wherein the periodic length at the first portion is different from the periodic length at the second portion, and the periodic length at the first portion and the periodic length at the second portion are set such that a difference in reflectance between the first portion and the second portion is reduced, while the multilayer film is configured to reflect a portion of the incident light that is incident at a first angle on the first portion of the multilayer film, and reflect a portion of the incident light that is incident at a second angle on the second portion of the multilayer film, the second angle being different from the first angle.

US Pat. No. 10,191,385

NANOSCALE PATTERN EXPOSURE SYSTEM

1. A system for writing nanoscale patterns, comprising:a short wavelength light source;
a beam splitter to divide the short wavelength light emerging from the source into a plurality of beams;
a plurality of modulators, configured such that
each of the plurality of beams passes through at least one modulator;
a plurality of super-resolution apertures formed in a particular selected material;
a support structure for the super-resolution apertures; and
a means of directing each of the plurality of beams
onto one of the super-resolution apertures.

US Pat. No. 10,191,382

ILLUMINATION SYSTEM FOR ILLUMINATING A MASK IN A MICROLITHOGRAPHIC EXPOSURE APPARATUS

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A system for illuminating a mask in a micro-lithographic projection exposure apparatus, the system comprising:a beam deflecting component, the beam deflecting component configured to produce an intensity distribution in a pupil surface of the system, the beam deflecting component comprising a beam deflection array of reflective or transparent beam deflecting elements, each beam deflecting element configured to illuminate a corresponding spot in the pupil surface having a position that can be varied by changing a deflection angle produced by the beam deflecting element;
one or more optical elements configured to illuminate the beam deflecting component;
one or more optical elements arranged between the beam deflecting component and the pupil surface, configured to direct light from the beam deflecting array to the pupil surface; and
a controller configured to supply control signals to the beam deflecting elements to vary the deflection angles, the controller being programmed to:
i) determine an arrangement of spots in the pupil surface that approximates a target intensity distribution;
ii) determine, for each of the beam deflecting elements, a function relating a position of the corresponding spot illuminated by the beam deflecting element in the pupil surface and the deflection angle produced by the beam deflecting element when illuminating the spot;
iii) determine, using the functions determined in ii), deflection angles for each of the beam deflecting elements to obtain the arrangement of spots; and
iv) supply the control signals to the beam deflecting elements such that the deflection angles determined in iii) are produced.

US Pat. No. 10,191,381

EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT GENERATING DEVICE

Gigaphoton Inc., Tochigi...

1. An extreme ultraviolet light generating device comprising:a chamber in which extreme ultraviolet light is generated from a target supplied to a generation region;
a focusing mirror configured to reflect the extreme ultraviolet light, generated in the generation region, by a reflection surface, and focus the extreme ultraviolet light at a predetermined focal point, the predetermined focal point being located farther from the reflection surface than the generation region;
a light source unit connected with the chamber, the light source unit being configured to output illumination light toward the target to be supplied to the generation region; and
a light receiving unit connected with the chamber, the light receiving unit being configured to receive reflected light from the target, of the illumination light output toward the target, and capture an image of the target,
the reflection surface of the focusing mirror having a spheroidal face that defines a first focus at the generation region and a second focus at the predetermined focal point, and the light source unit and the light receiving unit being disposed such that at least one of an optical path of the illumination light and an optical path of the reflected light is included in an internal space of the chamber located between a first limit surface and a second limit surface; assuming that a surface formed when an extended line, on the first focus side, of a line segment linking an outer peripheral edge of the reflection surface and the first focus is rotated about an axis passing through the first focus and the second focus, is the first limit surface, and assuming that a surface formed when the line segment linking the outer peripheral edge of the reflection surface and the first focus, and an extended line, on the outer peripheral side, of the line segment, are rotated about the axis passing through the first focus and the second focus, is the second limit surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,378

MASK PATTERN FORMING METHOD, FINE PATTERN FORMING METHOD, AND FILM DEPOSITION APPARATUS

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A mask pattern forming method comprising:a slimming step of performing, in a process chamber, slimming of a resist pattern of a resist film that is formed on a thin film; and
a film deposition step of forming an oxide film on the thin film and the resist pattern in the process chamber, by supplying a source gas, and an oxygen radical or an oxygen-containing gas to the process chamber,
wherein the slimming step and the film deposition step are performed in the same process chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,191,377

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND A DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands, B.V., ...

1. An immersion lithographic apparatus, comprising:a substrate table comprising:
a recess having a central support section configured to support a substrate, the central support section having:
a support surface having a protrusion to contact a bottom surface of the substrate,
a lateral surface at a non-zero angle to the support surface, and
a bottom surface at a non-zero angle to the lateral surface and facing away from the support surface, the lateral surface extending to the bottom surface of the central support section; and
a peripheral section of the substrate table that surrounds the central support section and defines the recess, the peripheral section being effectively thermally isolated from the central support section, and the peripheral section comprising:
a drain opening configured to receive an immersion fluid which leaks, in use, into a gap between an edge of the substrate when supported on the substrate table and an edge of the recess, the drain opening located above the bottom surface of the central support section, and
a lateral surface facing, spaced by an open qap from, the lateral surface of the central support section, wherein the lateral surface of the peripheral section is outward, in a horizontal direction, of an outer periphery of the bottom surface of the substrate; and
a projection system configured to project radiation onto the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,375

RESIN COMPOSITION FOR UNDERLAYER FILM FORMATION, LAYERED PRODUCT, METHOD FOR FORMING PATTERN, IMPRINT FORMING KIT AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A resin composition for underlayer film formation, comprising:a resin having a group represented by General Formula (A) and at least one group selected from a group represented by General Formula (B), an oxiranyl group and an oxetanyl group;
a nonionic surfactant; and
a solvent:

in General Formulae (A) and (B), the wavy line represents a position connected to the main chain or side chain of the resin,
Ra1 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and
Rb1 and Rb2 each independently represent a group selected from an unsubstituted linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms and an unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms,
Rb3 represents a group selected from an unsubstituted linear or branched alkyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms and an unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, and
Rb2 and Rb3 may be bonded to each other to form a ring.

US Pat. No. 10,191,374

RESIST UNDERLAYER FILM-FORMING COMPOSITION

NISSAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIE...

1. A resist underlayer film-forming composition comprising a polymer having a structural unit of the following Formula (1):
wherein X is an arylene group, n is 1 or 2, and R1, R2, R3, and R4 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a hydroxy group, a C1-3 alkyl group, or a phenyl group, and a solvent.

US Pat. No. 10,191,372

POLYMER, POSITIVE RESIST COMPOSITION, AND PATTERN FORMING PROCESS

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A polymer comprising recurring units having the formula (a), recurring units having the formula (b), and recurring units having the formula (c), the polymer having a weight average molecular weight of 1,000 to 500,000,wherein R1 is halogen, a C1-C4 straight or branched alkyl group, C1-C4 straight or branched alkoxy group, or acetoxy group, R2 is an acid labile group, R3 and R4 are each independently halogen or a C1-C6 straight or branched alkyl group, p is 0 or 1, q and r are each independently an integer of 0 to 4.

US Pat. No. 10,191,370

COMPOSITION AND A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A COMPONENT

Toyo Gosei Co., Ltd., Ic...

1. A composition comprising:a first compound;
a second compound; and
a silane coupling agent;wherein:the first compound has a structure represented by Formula (D):the second compound has at least two polymerizable groups;the silane coupling agent is as represented by Formula (G):anda resin generated by curing the composition has a dry etching rate less than or equal to 140 nm/min.

US Pat. No. 10,191,369

COLORED COMPOSITION, CURED FILM, COLOR FILTER, COLOR-FILTER MANUFACTURING METHOD, SOLID-STATE IMAGING ELEMENT, IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE, POLYMER, AND XANTHENE DYE

FUJIFILM Corporation, Mi...

1. A colored composition comprising:a dye compound having
a dye structure having
a cationic moiety, and
an anionic moiety including at least one of a structure represented by the following General Formula (A1), a structure represented by the following General Formula (A2), and a structure containing a boron atom,
in which the anionic moiety and the cationic moiety are bonded to each other via a covalent bond and present in the same molecule; and
the anionic moiety has a structure in which at least anyone of a fluorine atom, an aliphatic hydrocarbon group containing a fluorine atom, and an aromatic hydrocarbon group containing a fluorine atom is directly bonded to at least one of R1 to R5 in the structure represented by the General Formula (A1) or the General Formula (A2) via a covalent bond;
a curable compound; and
a solvent;

in General Formula (A1), R1 and R2 each independently represent —SO2— or —CO—;

in General Formula (A2), R3 represents —SO2— or —CO—; R4 and R5 each independently represent —SO2—, —CO—, or —CN,
wherein the dye structure having a cationic moiety is a dye structure selected from the group consisting of a xanthene dye, a squarylium dye, and a dipyrromethene dye, and
in the case where the dye structure having a cationic moiety is the xanthene dye structure, the anionic moiety in the xanthene dye structure is represented by the General Formula (A1), and when the dye structure having a cationic moiety is the dipyrromethene dye, the anionic moiety in the dipyrromethene dye does not contain a boron atom.

US Pat. No. 10,191,368

MULTI-FIELD OVERLAY CONTROL IN JET AND FLASH IMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY

Board of Regents, The Uni...

1. A template, comprising:multiple lithography fields for imprinting at multiple locations simultaneously; and
multiple holes machined in unpatterned regions to reduce inter-field mechanical coupling and permit overlay control over said multiple lithography fields simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,191,364

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OMNIDIRECTIONAL IMAGE DISPLAY

360Brandvision, Inc., La...

1. A display system comprising:a plurality of image source surfaces each comprising a black translucent rear projection material disposed within a base frame, each of the black translucent rear projection materials having a top surface and a bottom surface and arranged to present an image;
an upper frame object comprising a plurality of display surfaces, wherein each one of the plurality of display surfaces is aligned with the top surface of one of the image source surfaces, thereby arranged to reflect one of the images so that content from the images is visible from all points along an arc extending around the object for more than 180° within a plane, wherein the display surfaces are provided by reflective polyethylene terephthalate foil mounted on the upper frame object;
a plurality of digital projectors mounted in the base frame, each one of the plurality of digital projectors oriented to project light onto the bottom surface of one of the image source surfaces; and
a cooling system including a fan mounted directly to the base frame and a heat sink mounted within the base frame, wherein the display surfaces and base frame containing the digital projectors and cooling system are pre-fabricated and configured to be transported in one piece.

US Pat. No. 10,191,363

PROJECTION-TYPE IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

MAXELL, LTD., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A projection-type image display apparatus comprising: a projection lens configured to magnify and project an optical image formed by a light source and an image display element, and a back surface side display configured to display a detail of an error of the projection-type image display apparatus and is attached to a back surface located opposite to a front surface of a housing of the projection-type image display apparatus to which the projection lens is attached, wherein a backlight of the back surface side display is configured to be turned off when an operation of the projection-type image display apparatus is in normal status and the backlight of the back surface side display is configured to be turned on when an error has occurred in the operation of the projection-type image display apparatus, wherein both a displayed content about the error displayed on the back surface side display and a method for displaying the error on the back surface side display are changed by a controller based on an installed orientation of the projection-type image display apparatus among a plurality of installed orientations including an installed orientation for being hung from a ceiling and an installed orientation for being placed on a table, wherein when an installed orientation of the projection-type image display apparatus is the installed orientation for being placed on a table, the back surface side display displays a detailed data about the error, in order for the detailed data to be viewed by a user at smaller distance away from the projection-type image display apparatus placed on a table than a user for the projection-type image display apparatus hung from a ceiling, and wherein when an installed orientation of the projection-type image display apparatus is the installed orientation for being hung from a ceiling, the back surface side display displays a type of the error in an enlarged manner, in order for the type of the error displayed in enlarged manner to be viewed by a user at more large distance away from the projection-type image display apparatus hung from a ceiling than a user for the projection-type image display apparatus placed on a table.

US Pat. No. 10,191,362

LIGHT SOURCE UNIT AND PROJECTOR

USHIO DENKI KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. A light source unit, comprising:a plurality of elemental light sources each including light emitting elements and drive circuits, the light emitting elements that emit light of an emission wavelength including a plurality of different wavelength bands, and the drive circuits respectively driving the light emitting elements;
an integrated control circuit that controls the drive circuits; and
band optical characteristic acquisition sections that receive light of an amount correlated with a total light amount of output luminous fluxes, acquire light emitting intensity indicating values correlated with light intensity for the respective different wavelength bands and acquire wavelength deviation indicating values correlated with deviation from a reference wavelength for one or more of the different wavelength bands, the output luminous fluxes being collection of light beams emitted from light emitting elements,
wherein the integrated control circuit at least intermittently acquires band optical characteristic acquisition data and generate the light emitting intensity indicating values and the wavelength deviation indicating values, the band optical characteristic acquisition data being generated by the band optical characteristic acquisition sections,
the integrated control circuit holds light emitting intensity indicating value target variation information, the light emitting intensity indicating value target variation information being used to reduce difference between color phase indicating values correlated with the integrated light color of the output luminous fluxes and target color phase indicating values by feedback control of the drive circuits, the feedback control being performed to reduce difference between the light emitting intensity indicating values and target light emitting intensity indicating values for the respective different wavelength bands, and the light emitting intensity indicating value target variation information being used for determination of variation of the light emitting intensity indicating values with respect to the target light emitting intensity indicating values for the respective different wavelength bands matched to each of assumed appearance modes of the wavelength deviation indicating values, and
the integrated control circuit determines the variation of the light emitting intensity indicating values for the respective different wavelength bands, in accordance with the light emitting intensity indicating value target variation information belonging to one appearance mode assumed on a basis of an actual mode of the generated wavelength deviation indicating values, out of the appearance modes of the wavelength deviation indicating values.

US Pat. No. 10,191,361

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE INCLUDING A LIGHT SOURCE SECTION TO ADJUST BRIGHTNESS AND PROJECTOR USING THE SAME

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A light source device, comprising:a light source section that emits visible excitation light;
a phosphor that emits fluorescent light by the excitation light emitted from the light source section; and
a color-changing section that picks up color light having a color different from that of the fluorescent light from the fluorescent light emitted from the phosphor, wherein
an emission timing of the fluorescent light in the phosphor is synchronized with a switching timing between the excitation light and the color light by the color-changing section, and
the light source section decreases brightness of the light source section in the switching timing between the excitation light and the color light by the color-changing section.

US Pat. No. 10,191,360

MICROARRAY LED FLASH

HONG KONG BEIDA JADE BIRD...

1. A microarray LED flash, applied to a mobile phone for lighting a multi-array mixed light source, comprising:a ?LED array module, configured in a shell of the mobile phone for generating a patterning light source;
a mixing optical module, detachably configured on an external surface of the shell to receive the patterning light source for lighting the multi-array mixed light source; and
an optical module, detachably configured on the external surface of the shell to receive the patterning light source from the ?LED array module for projecting as an image;
wherein when one of the mixing optical module and the optical module is detached from the external surface of the shell, another is configured on the external surface of the shell;
wherein, the thickness of the ?LED array module is less than the average thickness of the mobile phone, and the multi-array mixed light source can be used as a camera light source and a lighting source of the mobile phone.

US Pat. No. 10,191,359

ILLUMINATION APPARATUS AND IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS USING THE ILLUMINATION APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An illumination apparatus comprising:a solid state light source unit including a plurality of light emitting points that emits light and is arranged on a light emitting face;
a plurality of optical elements configured to guide light emitted from the plurality of light emitting points to an illumination target face;
a heat conduction member arranged in a space different from a space between the light emitting face of the solid state light source unit and the plurality of optical elements, configured to conduct heat from the solid state light source unit; and
a cooling unit configured to supply a first fluid to the heat conduction member along a first flow path and supply a second fluid to the space between the light emitting face and the optical elements along a second flow path,
wherein the second fluid is a fluid from which dust or dust and moisture is reduced.

US Pat. No. 10,191,357

TRAIL CAMERA MOUNTING SYSTEM

1. A mounting system comprising:a support, the support comprising an anchoring means, which attaches the support to a surface, a support fitting, and a support releaseable capture means;
a utility bar, the utility bar comprising a utility bar fitting, a utility bar releaseable capture means, wherein the utility bar releaseable capture means are configured to engage and releaseably capture the support releasable capture means;
a pole, the pole comprising a pole fitting configured to complement the support fitting and the utility bar fitting, where said pole fitting engages the utility bar fitting to place the utility bar by connecting the utility bar releasable capture means to the support releasable capture means; whereby said pole fitting releases and is removed from said utility bar fitting while the connection between said utility bar releasable capture means and said support releasable capture means is maintained.

US Pat. No. 10,191,356

METHODS AND APPARATUS RELATING TO DETECTION AND/OR INDICATING A DIRTY LENS CONDITION

Light Labs Inc., Palo Al...

1. A method of operating a device including a plurality of at least three optical chains, the method comprising:capturing a first image using a first lens of a first optical chain;
capturing a second image using a second lens of a second optical chain;
capturing a third image using a third lens of a third optical chain;
performing a first comparison of said first image or a characteristic of said first image to the second image or a characteristic of said second image;
performing a second comparison, said second comparison being a comparison of said third image or a characteristic of said third image to another image or a characteristic of said another image, said another image being either the first image or the second image;
determining, based on at least one of said first and second comparisons, that a dirty camera lens condition exists, at least one of said first, second and third lenses having been determined to be dirty when said dirty camera lens condition exists, said at least one lens being a dirty lens;
associating dirty lens information with an image captured using said dirty lens; and
combining captured images to generate a composite image, the image captured using the dirty lens being treated differently during the image combining process used to generate the composite image than an image captured using a clean lens.

US Pat. No. 10,191,355

LIGHT ADJUSTING APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A light adjusting apparatus comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate arranged in parallel at a predetermined distance to define a space between the first substrate and the second substrate, each of the first substrate and the second substrate including an opening formed to pass light;
a rotary shaft member rotatable around a central axis of rotation perpendicular to the first substrate and the second substrate;
a light adjusting section rotatably movable with the rotary shaft member, the light adjusting section being configured to move between an insertion position located in an optical path of light passing through the opening and a retracted position retracted from the optical path as the rotary shaft member rotates, to adjust and output incident light incident from the opening, the light adjusting section being configured to be movable in an axial direction of the rotary shaft member with the rotary shaft member; and
a holding member configured to restrict rotation from at least one of the insertion position and the retracted position of the light adjusting section when the light adjusting section is located in a first region of the space, and allow the light adjusting section to rotate when the light adjusting section is located in a second region of the space, wherein the space is divided into the first region and the second region at different positions in the axial direction such that the first region is closer to the first substrate than the second substrate and the second region is closer to the second substrate than the first substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,354

MULTI-PARAMETER NONCOLLINEAR PHASE-MATCHING FOR HIGH-AVERAGE-POWER OPTICAL PARAMETRIC CHIRPED-PULSE AMPLIFIER

Shanghai Jiao Tong Univer...

1. A high-average-power optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) amplifier, comprisinga pump laser system on a first optical pathway, the pump laser system comprising an Nd:YVO4 laser oscillator-regenerative amplifier and an Nd:YAG boost amplifier that are sequentially arranged on the first optical pathway,
a beam splitter after the pump laser system;
a frequency-doubled convertor arranged on the first optical pathway after the beam splitter,
a frequency-tripled convertor arranged on the first optical pathway after the frequency-doubled convertor,
a reflector on the first optical pathway arranged after the frequency-tripled convertor,
a signal laser system on a second optical pathway, the signal laser system comprises a supercontinuum generator,
a stretcher on the second optical pathway after the signal laser system,
a nonlinear crystal amplifier, the nonlinear crystal amplifier having an optic pathway,
a pulse compressor arranged along the optical pathway after the nonlinear crystal amplifier,
an electronic phase-locking loop, and
a crystal oven encasing the nonlinear crystal amplifier,
wherein the pump laser system and the signal laser system are synchronized with the electronic phase-locking loop;
a pump laser beam is generated from the pump laser system, is frequency-doubled in the frequency-doubled convertor, and frequency-tripled in the frequency-tripled convertor;
a signal laser beam is generated from the signal laser system, passes through the stretcher, and is temporally chirped to form a chirped signal laser beam;
the chirped signal laser beam is amplified in the nonlinear crystal amplifier to form an amplified chirped signal laser beam, and the amplified chirped signal laser beam is compressed in the compressor;
energy flows from the pump laser beam into the signal laser beam during amplification in the nonlinear crystal amplifier inside the crystal oven;
by adjusting a direction of the reflector in the first optical pathway, the signal laser beam and the pump laser beam are intersected with a noncollinear angle in the nonlinear crystal amplifier; and
by adjusting the temperature of the crystal oven, the nonlinear crystal amplifier operates at a designated phase-matching temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,191,353

OPTICALLY TRIGGERED ELECTRICAL SWITCHES WITH FAST RECOVERY BASED ON NONLINEAR OPTICAL RESPONSE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An optical switch electrically activatable through received photon energy, the switch comprising:a substrate responsive to photon energy, where the photon energy forms an optical excitation signal;
a first electrode disposed on a first surface of the substrate;
a second electrode disposed on a second surface of the substrate; and
wherein the substrate includes a characteristic of two-photon absorption to enable electrical conduction through the substrate, the two-photon absorption being enhanced by deep energy levels located in a bandgap between conductance and valence bands of the substrate which are at least near resonant with the photon energy.

US Pat. No. 10,191,352

OPTICAL COMPONENT FOR MODULATING A LIGHT FIELD AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft z...

1. An optical component, being configured for modulating a light field incident on the optical component, wherein the light field has a predetermined center wavelength, comprisinga stack of refractive layers being arranged on a substrate, being made of materials having a third-order nonlinearity, and having alternatingly varying refractive indices (n), including a linear contribution (n0) and a non-linear contribution (n2), and determining reflectance and transmittance spectra of the optical component, wherein
the refractive layers are configured such that reflectance and transmittance of the optical component have a Kerr effect based dependency on the intensity (I) of the incident light field with n=n0+I·n2, wherein
the refractive layers are made of at least one of dielectric and semiconductor layers, and
the non-linear contribution (n2) is below 10?12 cm2/W, wherein the optical component has at least one of the following features:
the dielectric layers are made of at least one of Ta2O5, Nb2O5, HfO2, TiO2, ZrO2, Al2O3 and SiO2, and
the semiconductor layers are made of at least one of Ge, Si and ZnSe.

US Pat. No. 10,191,351

LENS PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel including a plurality of pixels configured to display an image; and
a lens panel disposed on the display panel and including a plurality of lenses when operating in a 3D mode,
wherein the lens panel is partitioned into a plurality of domains,
the lens panel comprises a first electrode, a second electrode, and an optical modulation layer, wherein the first electrode and the second electrode face each other and the optical modulation layer is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein the optical modulation layer includes liquid crystal molecules forming the lenses,
the first electrode comprises first openings and the second electrode comprises second openings, and
at least one of a first opening, of the first openings, and a second opening, of the second openings, has a shape corresponding to a shape of a plurality of unit figures overlapping each other at their edges.

US Pat. No. 10,191,350

WAVEGUIDE MODULATORS STRUCTURES

Rockley Photonics Limited...

1. A Mach-Zehnder waveguide modulator comprising:a left arm including a left SiGe optical waveguide, and a right arm including a right SiGe optical waveguide;
wherein each of the left and right optical waveguides comprises a PIN junction region and a plurality of electrodes for providing a bias across the PIN junction to enable control of the phase of light travelling through the respective PIN junction region via dispersion;
wherein each of the PIN junctions is formed from:
a first semiconductor region corresponding to either a p-doped region or an n-doped region;
a second semiconductor region corresponding to the other of the p-doped or n-doped region; and
a central SiGe waveguide region;
wherein the first semiconductor region of the left optical waveguide is integral with the first semiconductor region of the right optical waveguide in a region between the left and right arms, forming a common doped region; and
the plurality of electrodes is configured to apply a forward bias across one or both of the PIN junctions.

US Pat. No. 10,191,349

REFLECTIVE DISPLAY APPARATUS

Alpine Electronics, Inc.,...

1. A reflective display apparatus comprising:an image display panel;
an electrochromic panel disposed adjacent to a display side of the image display panel;
a half mirror disposed between the image display panel and the electrochromic panel;
a controller that controls the image display panel and the electrochromic panel; and,
a photodetector that senses external light;
wherein when the photodetector senses a light intensity below a predetermined value, the controller performs first control to drive the image display panel without applying a voltage across electrodes of the electrochromic panel; and,
wherein when the photodetector senses a light intensity at or above the predetermined value, the controller performs second control to apply the voltage across the electrodes of the electrochromic panel without driving the image display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,348

ELECTRO-OPTIC ELEMENT

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. An electrochromic element comprising:a first substrate having first and second surfaces;
a second substrate having third and fourth surfaces, the second and third surfaces disposed in a parallel and spaced-apart relationship such to form a gap therebetween;
a sealing material circumferentially disposed along a perimeter of the third surface to affix the second and third surfaces together to form a chamber therebetween; and
an electro-chromic medium in the chamber,
wherein the second surface comprises a transparent electrode layer,
wherein the third surface comprises a reflective electrode layer,
wherein the reflective electrode layer comprises a first patterned opening for a glare sensor, the opening comprising a Normalized Percent Full Scale Transmittance (%), of greater than 75% within 20 seconds of a clearing state of the electro-chromic medium in the chamber, and
further wherein the cleaning state is a shorted state between the electrode layers.

US Pat. No. 10,191,347

CHOLESTERIC LIQUID CRYSTAL CELL WITH INCREASED REFLECTIVITY

NEXTER SYSTEMS, Roanne (...

1. A reflecting cell comprising at least two substrates each covered by an electrode and facing each other, a volume being delimited between the substrates, the volume separating the substrates and is the volume being filled with a cholesteric liquid crystal-type material, both electrodes being connected to a voltage source, wherein the cell comprises at least one half-wave plate arranged between both substrates and dividing the volume into two compartments, each enclosing a portion of the cholesteric liquid crystal-type material, and the reflecting cell has a 100% reflection coefficient during a planar state of the reflecting cell,wherein each face of the half-wave plate is covered by a deposit of an optically transparent and conducting material, each of the deposits being connected to the voltage source, such that an electrical field can be set between each substrate and the half-wave plate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,346

BLUE PHASE LIQUID CRYSTAL MODULES, BLUE PHASE LIQUID CRYSTAL DEVICES, AND THE MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A blue phase liquid crystal module, comprising:an up substrate;
a down substrate opposite to the up substrate;
blue phase liquid crystals between the up substrate and the down substrate;
the down substrate comprising at least one insulation layer having a wave-shaped structure with respect to the up substrate and the down substrate, the down substrate comprising a reflective layer to divide the down substrate into a transmission area and a reflective area, the reflective layer being arranged in a portion of the down substrate, pixel electrodes and common electrodes are arranged alternately at valleys and at peaks of the wave-shaped insulation layer, and the blue phase liquid crystals are driven by at least one slant electrical field generated between the pixel electrode and the common electrode; wherein the insulation layer is of a saw-tooth-shaped structure, the common electrode is V-shaped and is arranged at the valley of the wave-shaped insulation layer, and the pixel electrode is inverse-V-shaped and is arranged at the peak of the wave-shaped insulation layer, an included angle between a saw-tooth edge of the insulation layer within the transmission area and the down substrate is smaller than the included angle between the saw-tooth edge of the insulation layer within the reflective area and the down substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,345

DISPLAY DEVICE

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A display device, comprising:a first substrate comprising a display region and a peripheral region, wherein the peripheral region is adjacent to the display region;
a first transistor disposed on the peripheral region, wherein the first transistor comprises a first semiconductor layer;
a second transistor disposed on the display region, wherein the second transistor comprises a second semiconductor layer;
a first insulating layer disposed under the first semiconductor layer;
wherein a thickness of the first insulating layer is greater than or equal to 200 nm and less than or equal to 500 nm;
wherein the first semiconductor layer is a silicon semiconductor layer, and the second semiconductor layer is an oxide semiconductor layer
a first buffer layer disposed on the first substrate, a second buffer layer disposed on the first buffer layer, a third buffer layer disposed on the second buffer layer, and a fourth buffer layer disposed on the third buffer layer and below the first insulating layer; wherein the first buffer layer, the third buffer layer and the first insulating layer respectively comprise comprises silicon oxide, and the second buffer layer and the fourth buffer layer respectively comprises silicon nitride.

US Pat. No. 10,191,344

ACTIVE MATRIX SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An active matrix substrate comprising:a plurality of gate lines that extend in a first direction in a display region;
a plurality of source lines that extend in a second direction in the display region, the second direction being different from the first direction;
pixel switching elements provided for pixels, respectively, in the display region and are connected to the gate lines and the source lines, the pixels being defined by the gate lines and the source lines;
a plurality of gate line driving circuits that are provided in the display region, in correspondence to each of the gate lines to control a potential thereof; and
a control signal line that supplies a control signal from outside the display region to the gate line driving circuits,
wherein each of the gate line driving circuits includes a plurality of driving switching elements for switching ON/OFF according to the control signal, and a capacitor that is connected to at least one of the driving switching elements,
at least part of the driving switching elements and the capacitor are arranged at positions closer to, not the gate line corresponding to the gate line driving circuit that includes the driving switching elements, but another gate line that is other titan the corresponding gate line, and
the another gate line is arranged between the at least part of the driving switching elements and the capacitor, and the gate line corresponding to the gate line driving circuit that includes the driving switching elements.

US Pat. No. 10,191,343

DEVICE AND PROCESS FOR FORMING LASER PULSES

Centre National de la Rec...

1. A device for shaping laser pulses comprising:an input for a pulsed laser beam;
a spatial phase modulator, arranged on the path of said input pulsed laser beam to be illuminated thereby, the input pulsed laser beam having undergone no spectral dispersion prior to illumination of the spatial phase modulator;
a computer programmed for configuring said spatial phase modulator so as to emulate a diffraction grating having a diffraction efficiency which varies along a spatial direction identified by the intersection of the surface of the modulator with the diffraction plane; and
a spatial filter for a light beam diffracted by said grating;
whereby a laser pulse at the input of the device is converted into a train of individual output pulses exhibiting temporal intensity modulation, said diffraction grating being a blazed grating having lines whose blaze angle varies along said spatial direction, wherein at least some said lines have, relative to a periodic arrangement, an offset in the diffraction plane (xz) of the grating introducing a phase shift of the corresponding individual pulses, said offset being made both in said spatial direction (s) and in a direction perpendicular (x) to the plane of the grating; and
wherein the spatial phase modulator is tilted with respect to an incident direction of the input pulsed laser beam in such a way that said incident direction and the direction perpendicular to the plane of the grating lie in the diffraction plane.

US Pat. No. 10,191,342

DISPLAY PANEL

Sakai Display Products Co...

1. A display panel comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of pixel electrodes, which are disposed on the substrate in the form of a matrix, and are configured to display an image;
transistors of which drain electrodes are connected to the plurality of pixel electrodes, respectively;
a plurality of gate wirings which are arranged on the substrate along a first direction of the matrix, and are respectively connected to gate electrodes of the transistors to supply a gate signal;
a plurality of source wirings which are arranged on the substrate along a second direction crossing the first direction, and are respectively connected to source electrodes of the transistors to supply a data signal;
a plurality of first wirings, which are arranged on the substrate along the first direction;
a plurality of second wirings, which are arranged on the substrate along the second direction, and are respectively connected with the plurality of first wirings;
at least one third wiring, which is arranged on the substrate along the first direction, and is connected with the plurality of second wirings to supply a predetermined signal to the plurality of first wirings through the plurality of second wirings;
a fourth wiring, which is arranged on the substrate along the second direction in a peripheral area surrounding an area in which the plurality of pixel electrodes are arranged, and is overlapped on the plurality of first wirings;
an insulating film configured to insulate the plurality of second wirings and the fourth wiring from the plurality of first wirings and the at least one third wiring; and
a plurality of capacitor parts,
wherein one end of each of the plurality of capacitor parts is connected to each of the plurality of pixel electrodes and the other end of each of the plurality of capacitor parts is connected to each of the plurality of first wirings, and
the plurality of first wirings and the fourth wiring are not short-circuited.

US Pat. No. 10,191,341

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DISPLAY DEVICE

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A display device comprising:a thin film transistor;
a protective film formed on the thin film transistor;
a common electrode formed on the protective film;
a pixel electrode opposite to the common electrode, wherein
the common electrode has an opening enclosed by the common electrode,
the protective film has a first hole and a second hole formed in a same layer, and
the opening overlaps the first hole and the second hole in plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,191,340

DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A curved display panel, comprising:a first substrate, a second substrate, and a display medium located between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a plurality of scan lines and data lines, located on the first substrate, wherein the scan lines and the data lines are interlaced with each other;
a plurality of pixel structures, located on the first substrate, wherein each pixel structure is connected to one of the scan lines and one of the data lines, each pixel structure comprises an active device and a pixel electrode, and each active device comprises a gate, a channel layer, a source, and a drain;
a plurality of color filter patterns, arranged on the first substrate, wherein the color filter patterns are disposed corresponding to the pixel structures;
a plurality of shielding patterns, arranged on the first substrate, wherein the shielding patterns are disposed parallel to the data lines, gaps are provided between the shielding patterns and the scan lines, and the shielding patterns are disposed corresponding to junctions of two adjacent color filter patterns; and
a plurality of filling structures, arranged on the first substrate, wherein the filling structures are disposed corresponding to the gaps, and each filling structure is a multi-layer structure comprising a first layer and a second layer;
wherein all of the second layer, the source, and the drain comprise a first material, and both the first layer and the channel layer comprise a second material.

US Pat. No. 10,191,339

BOA LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL BASED ON IGZO-TFT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method for manufacturing a BOA liquid crystal panel based on an IGZO-TFT, comprising steps of:(1) forming a black matrix, which comprises:
forming a copper film on a substrate,
oxidizing the copper film to obtain a copper oxide film, and
patterning the copper oxide film and exposing an opening area to obtain a black matrix pattern;
(2) forming a gate, which comprises forming a gate film on the black matrix pattern, and then exposing the gate film to radiation to obtain a gate pattern, wherein the gate film is formed by physical vapor deposition, and the gate pattern is obtained by subjecting the gate film to exposure and to dry etching, and the gate pattern is made of copper;
(3) forming a gate insulator, which comprises forming a gate insulator film on the resulting structure of step (2) to form a gate insulator film;
(4) forming a source and a drain, which comprises forming a source film and a drain film on a part of the gate insulator film which covers the gate pattern, and then exposing the source and the drain film to obtain a source and a drain pattern;
(5) forming IGZO, which comprises forming a IGZO film on a part of the gate insulator film which covers the gate pattern and is between the source and the drain to obtain an IGZO pattern;
(6) forming a passivation, which comprises forming a passivation film on the resulting structure of step (5), and forming a contact hole passing through the passivation film on the source and the drain;
(7) forming R/G/B color resist, which comprises coating the resulting structure of step (6) except the contact hole, with R/G/B color resist, and exposing the coating to radiation to obtain a desired pattern; and
(8) forming ITO, which comprises covering the contact hole and the opening area with an ITO film, and exposing the ITO film to radiation to obtain an ITO pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,191,337

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a first display panel that displays a color image, the first display panel including a plurality of transmission sections each of which transmits light having a predetermined color; and
a second display panel that displays a black-and-white image, wherein
each of the first display panel and the second display panel includes a plurality of pixels, the plurality of pixels being defined by two source lines adjacent to each other and two gate lines adjacent to each other in plan view,
the plurality of pixels of the first display panel include a first pixel corresponding to a first transmission section transmitting light having first color, a second pixel corresponding to a second transmission section transmitting light having second color, and a third pixel corresponding to a third transmission section transmitting light having third color,
the plurality of pixels of the second display panel include a fourth pixel overlapping the first pixel and a fifth pixel overlapping the second pixel and the third pixel, and
an area of the fourth pixel is different from an area of the fifth pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,335

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND MOTHER SUBSTRATE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display panel comprising:a TFT substrate,
a counter substrate facing the TFT substrate through a sealing member,
a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between the TFT substrate and the counter substrate, and
a plurality of spacers formed on the counter substrate,
wherein
the TFT substrate has a first region, which is surrounded by the sealing member and overlapping with the liquid crystal layer, and a second region, which is not surrounded by the sealing member and not overlapping with the liquid crystal layer,
a first layer structure has a laminated structure of at least three layers, which includes a first layer made of a transparent conductive layer,
the first layer structure is formed in the first region of the TFT substrate at a position facing one or more spacers of the plurality of spacers,
a second layer structure, having at least the same laminated structure as the first layer structure, is provided in the second region of the TFT substrate at a position facing one or more spacers of the plurality of spacers, and
the first layer of the first layer structure is electrically separated from the first layer of the second layer structure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,332

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD), comprisinga backlight unit;
an LCD panel;
a frame glue sealant used to connect to the backlight unit and the LCD panel; and
at least one gasket;
wherein the at least one gasket is arranged on a side of the LCD panel toward the backlight unit or the at least one gasket is arranged on a side of the backlight unit toward the LCD panel; andwherein the at least one gasket maintains a separation between the LCD panel and the backlight unit; wherein the at least one gasket is an electrostrictive gasket;wherein a first driving electrode corresponding to each gasket is arranged on the side of the LCD panel, and a second driving electrode corresponding to each gasket is arranged on the backlight unit; each gasket is connected to the LCD panel by the corresponding first driving electrode; each gasket is connected to the backlight unit by the corresponding second driving electrode; the first driving electrode corresponds to the second driving electrode one by one.

US Pat. No. 10,191,331

MASK AND METHOD OF FABRICATING DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE MASK

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A method of fabricating a display device, the method comprising:forming a first gate electrode, a second gate electrode and a third gate electrode on a first substrate;
forming a gate insulating layer on the first gate electrode, the second gate electrode and the third gate electrode;
coating a semiconductor material on the gate insulating layer;
coating a conductive material on the semiconductor material to form a conductive layer;
coating a photoresist on the conductive layer;
disposing a mask over the photoresist;
irradiating light to the mask to perform selective light exposure on the photoresist;
patterning the photoresist; and
patterning the semiconductor material and the conductive layer using the patterned photoresist,
wherein the mask comprises:
a base substrate; and
a light shielding pattern comprising a light transmitting portion and a light shielding portion on the base substrate, and
the light shielding portion comprises:
a first source electrode portion;
a first drain electrode portion spaced apart from the first source electrode portion;
a second source electrode portion connected to the first source electrode portion;
a second drain electrode portion spaced apart from the second source electrode portion;
a third source electrode portion connected to the second drain electrode portion;
a third drain electrode portion spaced apart from the third source electrode portion, the third drain electrode portion including at least a portion parallel to the third source electrode portion;
a first auxiliary light shielding portion at an end portion of the third source electrode portion; and
a second auxiliary light shielding portion at an end portion of the third drain electrode portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,330

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL, FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising: an opposed substrate and an array substrate arranged opposite to each other, and a liquid crystal layer filled between the opposed substrate and the array substrate, wherein,alignment films having opposite friction directions are provided on opposing surfaces of the opposed substrate and the array substrate, respectively;
the liquid crystal display panel has a plurality of pixel units which are arranged in array, and each of the pixel units comprises two pixel regions along the friction direction of the alignment film;
in each of the pixel units, a surface of the opposed substrate facing the liquid crystal layer or a surface of the array substrate facing the liquid crystal layer within at least one of the two pixel regions is inclined, so that a mean value of included angles between long axes of liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer within one of the two pixel regions and a horizontal plane where the opposed substrate and the array substrate are located and a mean value of included angles between long axes of liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer within the other of the two pixel regions and the horizontal plane where the opposed substrate and the array substrate are located has a same absolute value and a sum of zero, wherein
in each of the pixel units, the inclined surface includes a high point located at the boundary of the two pixel regions, and the film layer in the pixel region without the inclined surface has a same height as the high point, so that the film layer is continuous in the two pixel regions.

US Pat. No. 10,191,327

EDGE-LIT TYPE BACKLIGHT MODULE, DISPLAY AND LIGHT GUIDE PLATE

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. An edge-lit type backlight module, comprising:at least two light guide plates disposed to be overlapped, each of the light guide plates respectively comprising a light-emitting surface, a bottom surface and at least one light incident surface, the bottom surface of the light guide plate on an upper layer and the light-emitting surface of the light guide plate on a lower layer disposed opposite;
a plurality of light sources, respectively disposed on the light incident surface of each of the light guide plates, and disposed to be mutually independent;
in travel directions of light of the light sources, each of the light guide plates disposed with light-emitting regions and total reflection regions disposed alternately, the light emitted from the light sources totally reflected in the total reflection regions; the light-emitting regions of each of the light guide plates and the total reflection regions of the adjacent light guide plate(s) disposed opposite.

US Pat. No. 10,191,324

REFLECTIVE LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

21. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a first substrate opposing a second substrate;
a data line on the first substrate and extending along a first direction;
a gate line on the first substrate and extending along a second direction which intersects the first direction;
a reflection layer on a same layer as the data line and spaced apart from the data line;
a color filter layer on the reflection layer and the data line; and
a pixel electrode on the color filter layer, wherein the color filter layer includes a first color filter and a second color filter adjacent to the first color filter, and wherein an edge portion at which the first color filter and the second color filter directly contact each other is between the reflection layer and the data line.

US Pat. No. 10,191,323

DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

9. A display device, comprising:a substrate including a red pixel area, a green pixel area, a blue pixel area, and a white pixel area;
a gate line and a data line on the substrate;
a thin film transistor connected to each of the gate line and the data line;
a first insulating layer on the gate line, the data line, and the thin film transistor;
a second insulating layer on the first insulating layer, the second insulating layer having apertures in the red pixel area, the green pixel area, and the blue pixel area, respectively;
a reflective layer on the first insulating layer and the second insulating layer, the reflective layer being in the red pixel area, the green pixel area, and the blue pixel area;
a color filter in each of the apertures;
an opaque pixel electrode in the white pixel area; and
a transparent pixel electrode on each color filter and the second insulating layer, the transparent pixel electrode being connected to the thin film transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,322

DISPLAY AND ELECTRONIC UNIT

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display comprising:a reflective display panel; and
an optical laminate disposed on the display panel, the optical laminate including a plurality of anisotropic scattering films including at least:
a first film that has a first transmittance in a first scattering central axis direction of the first film when light enters the first film in the first scattering central axis direction; and
a second film that has a second transmittance in a second scattering central axis direction of the second film when light enters the second film in the second scattering central axis direction,
wherein the first transmittance is higher than a transmittance of the first film when light enters the first film in a direction different from the first scattering central axis direction,
wherein the second transmittance is higher than a transmittance of the second film when light enters the second film in a direction different from the second scattering central axis direction, and
wherein the first transmittance is at least four times the second transmittance.

US Pat. No. 10,191,320

FILTER SHEET, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A filter sheet, comprising:a first medium film, a second medium film and a third medium film attached to each other,
wherein the filter sheet comprises a first pixel region, a second pixel region and a third pixel region;
a portion of the first medium film in the first pixel region of the filter sheet is removed, a portion of the second medium film in the second pixel region of the filter sheet is removed, and a portion of the third medium film in the third pixel region of the filter sheet is removed;
the first medium film reflects light in a first wavelength range and transmits light outside the first wavelength range; the second medium film reflects light in a second wavelength range and transmits light outside the second wavelength range; and the third medium film reflects light in a third wavelength range and transmits light outside the third wavelength range, each of the first, second and third medium films comprises a plurality of cycles, and each of the cycles is formed by alternately arranging at least two medium layers with different refractive indices;
wherein a fourth medium film is a same one as any one of the first, second and third medium films, and a reflection wavelength range of the fourth medium film is from L1 to L2;
in an incident light direction, if the low refractive index medium layer is arranged before the high refractive index medium layer, then in the fourth medium film:
a thickness of the low refractive index medium layer in a i-th cycle satisfies a formula: d1i=[L1+k(2i?1?1)]/4n1,
a thickness of the high refractive index medium layer in the i-th cycle satisfies a formula: d2i=[L1+k(2i?1)]/4n2; and
in the incident light direction, if the low refractive index medium layer is arranged behind the high refractive index medium layer, then in the fourth medium film:
a thickness of the low refractive index medium layer in a i-th cycle satisfies a formula: d1i=[L1+k(2i?1)]/4n1;
a thickness of the high refractive index medium layer in the i-th cycle satisfies a formula: d2i=[L1+k(2i?1?1)]/4n2,
wherein k is an increasing coefficient and 0.5?k?16, i is a natural number and 0?i?Z/2, Z is the total number of the low refractive index medium layer and the high refractive index medium layer in the fourth medium film, n1 is a refractive index of the low refractive index medium layer, and n2 is a refractive index of the high refractive index medium layer.

US Pat. No. 10,191,317

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel including a substrate provided with a display functional layer, and a polarizing plate, the display panel having sides along a first direction and a second direction;
an illuminator configured to output light to the display panel;
a frame that surrounds sides of the illuminator;
a protrusion included in the frame, the protrusion protruding toward the substrate and having a width in the first direction;
an adhesive member through which the substrate is bonded at a top of the protrusion of the frame, the adhesive member having a width in the first direction,
wherein
the polarizing plate is provided on a surface of the substrate to which the frame is bonded, and is arranged on an inner side of the frame than the adhesive member in planar view, and
the width of the adhesive member is smaller than the width of the protrusion which the adhesive member is in direct contact with.

US Pat. No. 10,191,315

DISPLAY APPARATUS

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a set cover including a set plate, a screw insertion hole in the set plate, and a set sidewall curved from the set plate to form a storage space;
a guide frame in the storage space;
a plurality of screws coupled to the guide frame by penetrating through the set plate so as to fix the guide frame to the set cover;
a display unit including a display panel placed onto the guide frame; and
an adhesive member fixedly adhering a rear portion of the display panel to the guide frame,
wherein the guide frame comprises:
a first part coupled to a rear edge portion of the display panel by the adhesive member, the first part being divided into a plurality of sub first parts provided along each edge of the set plate;
a plurality of bosses protruding at fixed intervals from a rear surface of each of the plural sub first parts toward the set plate, the plurality of bosses being provided to meet with the screw insertion hole;
a plurality of screw coupling holes formed at each of the plurality of bosses, and each of the plurality of screws is coupled to each of the plurality of screw coupling holes by penetrating through the screw insertion hole of the set plate; and
a guide sidewall which is bent from each of the plurality of sub first parts so as to cover the lateral side of the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,314

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a display panel;
a backlight unit; and
an accommodation member which accommodates the display panel and the backlight unit,
wherein the accommodation member comprises:
a bottom part defining a bottom surface of the accommodation member, at which a plurality of bottom holes is defined; and
a plurality of side surface parts which is connected to the bottom part and defines outermost side surfaces of the accommodation member,
wherein each of the side surface parts comprises:
a vertical part extending upward with respect to the bottom part; and
a horizontal part extending horizontally with respect to the bottom part and connected to a lower portion of the vertical part, a plurality of side surface holes defined in the horizontal part,
wherein a position where the side surface parts are connected to the bottom part varies based on sizes of the display panel and the backlight unit, and
wherein the position of the side surface parts define the outermost side surfaces defining the accommodation member and extend outwardly beyond an edge defining the bottom part of the accommodation member,
and wherein the plurality side surface holes are aligned with a portion of the bottom holes, which is determined based on the sizes of the display panel and the backlight unit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,313

LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL AND THIN FILM TRANSISTOR ARRAY SUBSTRATE THEREOF

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A thin film transistor (TFT) array substrate, comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of thin film transistors (TFTs) arranged on the substrate in an array form, wherein a region occupied by the plurality of TFTs is a display region;
a flexible printed circuit disposed on the substrate and located at one side of the display region;
a control chip disposed between the display region and the flexible printed circuit, and two sides of the flexible printed circuit going beyond two corresponding sides of the control chip, respectively;
a first reinforcement member disposed at a first side of the control chip, and the first side being adjacent to one side of the control chip that faces the display region
a second reinforcement member disposed at a second side of the control chip opposite to the first side; and
a third reinforcement member covering the control chip, the first reinforcement member and the second reinforcement member;
wherein both the first reinforcement member and the second reinforcement member comprise: a reinforcement body, a first glue receiving groove formed by one side of the reinforcement body that faces the display region being recessed, and a second glue receiving groove formed by a connection of one side of the reinforcement body that faces the control chip with one side of the reinforcement body that is opposite to the display region being recessed.

US Pat. No. 10,191,312

RUBBER FRAME COMPONENT, BACKLIGHT MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A rubber frame component, comprising:a rubber frame body for surrounding edges of a backlight module and fixing the backlight module;
pointy projections made of a metal for attracting static charges in a periphery of a display panel; and
a reinforcing part disposed in the rubber frame body for supporting the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,310

POWER CONVERSION CIRCUIT FOR SWITCHING VIEWING ANGLE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

INFOVISION OPTOELECTRONIC...

1. A power conversion circuit, comprising an input terminal, an output terminal, a switching unit, an isolating unit, an output unit, a first power supply, a second power supply, and a third power supply; whereinthe switching unit is connected to the input terminal, the isolating unit, the output unit, the first power supply, and the second power supply;
the isolating unit is connected to the output terminal, the switching unit, and the output unit;
the output unit is connected to the switching unit, the isolating unit, and the third power supply;
when the input terminal is provided with a low level voltage, the switching unit is switched on, the voltage of the second power supply is provided as a first DC voltage to the output terminal via the switching unit and the isolating unit;
when the input terminal is provided with a high level voltage, the switching unit is switched off, the voltage of the third power supply is provided as a second DC voltage to the output terminal via the output unit and the isolating unit, wherein the second DC voltage is higher than the first DC voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,191,309

MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES FOR LIQUID CRYSTAL PARAMETERS INCLUDING TWIST ELASTIC CONSTANT WITHOUT LIGHT MEASUREMENT

1. A method for measuring the twist elastic constant (K22) of a liquid crystal mixture under test, the method comprising:providing a liquid crystal test cell having a pair of electrodes;
placing the liquid crystal mixture under test into the liquid crystal test cell;
applying an electrical driving signal to the electrodes of the liquid crystal test cell;
measuring an electrical response signal from the electrodes; and
based on the electrical driving signal and the electrical response signal, and in the absence of measuring light transmitted through or reflected off of the liquid crystal test cell, determining the twist elastic constant (K22) for the liquid crystal mixture under test by determining a parameter related to a geometry of the liquid crystal test cell and wherein the twist elastic constant is proportional to the product of the parameter and the electrical response signal and wherein the determining includes using the following equation: K22=(Vth)2 (??)?2 (?0|??|), where Vth is the threshold minimum voltage that causes liquid crystal molecules to turn, ? is a feature factor that is a function of the test cell geometry, ?0 is the vacuum permittivity, and |??| is the dielectric anisotropy.

US Pat. No. 10,191,307

OPTICAL TRANSMISSION DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An optical transmission device comprising:an optical modulator configured to include a first waveguide and a second waveguide, each of the first waveguide and the second waveguide modulating carrier light by using a modulation drive signal having multiple intensity levels;
a phase shifter configured to provide a predetermined phase difference between a first optical signal output from the first waveguide and a second optical signal output from the second waveguide;
a photodetector configured to detect a portion of a multilevel optical signal acquired by multiplexing the first optical signal and the second optical signal between which the phase difference is provided, and apply photoelectric conversion to the portion; and
a first controller configured to provide a first bias voltage and a second bias voltage to the first waveguide and the second waveguide, respectively, based on an output signal from the photodetector, wherein
the first controller comprises:
a signal amplitude detector configured to receive an output of the photodetector and output signal amplitude information of the output of the photodetector; and
a second controller configured to input the signal amplitude information and correcting at least one of the first bias voltage to be provided to the first waveguide and the second bias voltage to be provided to the second waveguide, based on a quadrature state between the first waveguide and the second waveguide of the optical modulator, the quadrature state being represented by the signal amplitude information.

US Pat. No. 10,191,306

DITHER FREE BIAS CONTROL

OCLARO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED...

1. A Mach-Zehnder, MZ, modulator for modulating optical signals, and comprising:a plurality of modulating waveguide sections;
at least one bias electrode in electrical communication with at least one modulating waveguide section and configured to apply at least one electrical bias signal to one or more of the modulating waveguide sections;
an output optical combiner comprising a plurality of inputs and a plurality of outputs, wherein the plurality of inputs of the combiner are in optical communication with output sides of the plurality of modulating waveguide sections, and wherein a plurality of the outputs of the combiner are monitor outputs; and
wherein the combiner is an n×n combiner and n is greater than 2.

US Pat. No. 10,191,304

ELECTRONIC EYEGLASSES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING

Mitsui Chemicals, Inc., ...

1. An electronic eyewear, comprising:a temple;
an electronic lens;
a first electronic module and a second electronic module disposed in the temple;
a tube made of heat resistant materials and disposed in the temple; and
an electrical conductor inserted into the tube, wherein the electronic lens and the first electronic module are electrically connected to each other, and wherein the first electronic module is electrically connected to the second electronic module by the electrical conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,302

CONTACT LENS COMPRISING LENTICULAR-LIKE CURVE

Ohio State Innovation Fou...

1. A contact lens comprising a superior lenticular aspect located in a central, upper portion of the lens, wherein the superior lenticular aspect of the lens is shaped to interact with an upper tarsal plate of an upper eyelid of a wearer such that the contact lens translates upward in a downgaze of the wearer to place a viewing zone of the contact lens over a pupil or cornea of the wearer and the superior lenticular aspect provides rotational stabilization to the contact lens.

US Pat. No. 10,191,301

CORNEAL REMODELLING CONTACT LENSES AND METHODS OF TREATING REFRACTIVE ERROR USING CORNEAL REMODELLING

Brien Holden Vision Insti...

1. A contact lens for treating an eye with myopia, the contact lens comprising:an optic zone having a refractive first power, which corrects distance vision of the eye, the optic zone comprising a central zone and an outer zone surrounding the central zone, and
a structural profile to effect flattening remodeling of the cornea of the eye when the contact lens is fitted to the eye,
wherein the central zone has an increased thickness relative to the outer zone, the increased thickness providing at least part of said structural profile to effect flattening remodelling of the cornea; and
wherein the central optic zone has a positive differential power of between 0.5 D and 4.0 D, which is positive relative to the first power.

US Pat. No. 10,191,300

OPHTHALMIC OPTICAL LENS FOR VISION CORRECTION HAVING ONE OR MORE AREAS OF MORE POSITIVE POWER

Brien Holden Vision Insti...

1. An ophthalmic lens comprising:an optic zone comprising:
a primary area; and
at least one central portion having at least a first power profile and at least one peripheral portion having at least a second power profile;
wherein the primary area is located between the at least one central portion and the at least one peripheral portion and an optical power of the primary area is less than the first power profile of the at least one central portion and the second power profile of the at least one peripheral portion;
wherein the first power profile of the at least one central portion has at least a first step, the first step bounded on either side by a first junction and a second junction, the first power profile having a first change in the rate of change of power at the first junction and second change in the rate of change of power at the second junction, and
the second power profile of the at least one peripheral portion has at least a second step, the second step bounded on either side by a third junction and a fourth junction, the second power profile having a third change in the rate of change of power at the third junction and a fourth change in the rate of change of power at the fourth junction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,299

ZONE EXTENSION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

AMO Development, LLC, Sa...

1. A method of performing a prescriptive treatment on an optical system of a patient, through use of a computer, the method comprising:inputting an original normalized Zernike expansion coefficient for the optical system, the original normalized Zernike expansion coefficient associated with a first pupil dimension;
calculating a modified normalized Zernike expansion coefficient for the optical system, the modified normalized Zernike expansion coefficient associated with a second pupil dimension, the second pupil dimension greater than the first pupil dimension;
determining a treatment for the optical system of the patient based on the modified normalized Zernike expansion coefficient, wherein the modified normalized Zernike expansion coefficient is calculated based on the original normalized Zernike expansion coefficient scaled by a scaling factor, the scaling factor comprising a ratio of the second pupil dimension to the first pupil dimension, the ratio raised to the power of a factor comprising a radial degree of the coefficient; and
performing the prescriptive treatment according to the treatment determined, wherein the prescriptive treatment comprises a member selected from the group consisting of an intraocular lens treatment, a contact lens treatment, and a refractive laser treatment.

US Pat. No. 10,191,298

SPECTACLE BRIDGE ELEMENT AND SPECTACLE FRAME, SPECTACLES OR SPECTACLE SET INCLUDING SPECTACLE BRIDGE ELEMENT

HEMARIS AG, Chur (CH)

1. A spectacle bridge element having a base body for a tool-free exchangeable fastening in a spectacle frame, anda nose pad holding structure on the base body, on which nose pads are exchangeably mountable,
wherein
the base body is composed of a plastic plate which has two parallel edges having stepped sections thereon that define guiding or retaining rails, which are configured to be inserted into a pair of corresponding guiding or retaining grooves in the spectacle frame, by means of which the base body can be completely inserted into a recess of the spectacle frame while closing flush with an edge of the spectacle frame in an inserting direction of the base body so that the base body lies completely within the spectacle frame in the inserting direction and only the nose pad holding structure projects from a rear side of the spectacle frame.

US Pat. No. 10,191,297

TILT ADJUSTING METHOD FOR MOVABLE BODY

NIDEC SANKYO CORPORATION,...

1. A tilt adjusting method for a movable body in a unit with a shake correction function comprising a movable body, a fixed body provided with a support mechanism structured to swingably support the movable body, a shake correction drive mechanism structured to swing the movable body with respect to the fixed body, and an elastic support member which connects the movable body with the fixed body, the tilt adjusting method for the movable body comprising:a first process comprising setting a state that a force having a component on an opposite direction to a driving force of the shake correction drive mechanism is acted on the movable body;
a second process comprising adjusting the driving force so that a tilt direction of the movable body is substantially coincided with a target direction; and
a third process comprising connecting the movable body with the fixed body through the elastic support member in a state that the tilt direction of the movable body is substantially coincided with the target direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,294

THREE DIMENSIONAL VIRTUAL AND AUGMENTED REALITY DISPLAY SYSTEM

Magic Leap, Inc., Planta...

1. A three-dimensional image visualization system, comprising:an integrated module comprising:
a selectively transparent projection device configured to receive input image light and project an image associated with the input image light toward an eye of a viewer from a projection device position in space relative to the eye of the viewer, the projection device being capable of assuming a substantially transparent state when no image is projected; and
a diffraction element configured to divide the input image light into a plurality of modes, each of the plurality of modes directed at a different angle,
wherein the selectively transparent projection device is configured to allow a first mode of the plurality of modes to exit the selectively transparent projection device toward the eye, the first mode having a simulated focal distance based in part on a selectable geometry of the diffraction element, and
wherein the selectively transparent projection device is configured to trap at least a second mode of the plurality of modes within the selectively transparent projection device; and
an occlusion mask device coupled to the projection device and configured to selectively block light traveling toward the eye from one or more positions opposite of the occlusion mask from the eye of the viewer in an occluding pattern correlated with the image projected by the projection device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,293

GRATING CONTROLLING METHOD AND APPARATUS, GRATING, DISPLAY PANEL, AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL (3D) DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A grating controlling method for achieving three-dimensional (3D) displaying, in which a grating cooperates with a display panel used for outputting left-eye images and right-eye images to achieve the 3D displaying, the grating controlling method comprising:obtaining a current position of an eye of an observer who is observing 3D images;
calculating a distance S between the current position and a base position in a direction parallel to a connection line of the left-eye and the right-eye of the observer, wherein the grating comprises an original slit position and the base position is a position when the left-eye images are observed by the left-eye of the observer through the original slits and the right-eye images are observed by the right-eye of the observer through the original slits simultaneously; and
adjusting slit positions of the grating according to the current position, so as to enable the left-eye images to be observed by the left-eye of the observer through the adjusted slits, while to enable the right-eye images to be observed by the right-eye of the observer through the adjusted slits,
wherein the grating is a liquid crystal grating, and adjusting the slit positions of the grating according to the current position comprises:
adjusting the slit positions of the grating on the basis of the original slit position, according to the distance S,
wherein adjusting the slit positions of the grating on the basis of the original slit position, according to the distance S comprises:
determining a corresponding value t, when the distance S is within the following value range

where t=0, 1, 2, . . . n, m?N, I is an interpupillary distance of human eyes, and n is a number of grating elements corresponding to a width of one slit of the liquid crystal grating;
determining a moving direction from the base position to the current position; and
enabling the slit position of the grating to move by t grating elements in the moving direction from the base position to the current position.

US Pat. No. 10,191,292

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR LIGHT MODULATION

Carl Zeiss Microscopy Gmb...

1. A modulation device for modulating a light beam, comprising:a spectral splitter to split an input light beam into at least two partial light beams having different spectral ranges,
a spatial light modulator,
an optical device to direct the at least two partial light beams to different locations of the spatial light modulator,
wherein the spatial light modulator is configured to modulate the at least two partial light beams,
wherein the optical device is further configured to direct the at least two partial light beams after modulation from the spatial light modulator to the spectral splitter, wherein the spectral splitter is further configured to combine the at least two partial light beams after modulation to form an output light beam,
wherein at least two of the at least two partial light beams pass through the modulation device in mutually opposite directions; and
wherein the optical device comprises a first mirror and a second mirror, wherein the at least two partial light beams comprise a first partial light beam and a second partial light beam, wherein the first mirror is arranged to direct the first partial light beam from the spectral splitter to the spatial light modulator and to direct the second partial light beam after modulation from the spatial light modulator to the spectral splitter, wherein the second mirror is arranged to direct the second partial light beam from the spectral splitter to the spatial light modulator and to direct the first partial light beam after modulation from the spatial light modulator to the spectral splitter.

US Pat. No. 10,191,290

VEHICLE, HEAD-UP DISPLAYING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING HEIGHT OF PROJECTION IMAGE THEREOF

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, (CN...

1. A head-up displaying system, configured to be applied in a vehicle, and comprising:a projector, disposed in the vehicle, and configured to project a projection image onto a front windshield such that the projection image is reflected into eyes of a driver;
a camera, fixedly disposed in the vehicle and in front of the eyes of the driver, and configured to detect an image having locations of the eyes of the driver and a predetermined reference point;
a seat detecting module, configured to detect a position of a seat of the driver in the vehicle so as to obtain an actual horizontal distance between the eyes of the driver and the predetermined reference point in a horizontal direction; and
a head-up controller, configured to obtain the image detected by the camera and the actual horizontal distance detected by the seat detecting module, to process the image so as to obtain a position relation between the eyes of the driver and the predetermined reference point in the image, to generate an actual vertical distance between the eyes of the driver and the predetermined reference point according to the position relation and the actual horizontal distance, and to adjust a height of the projection image from the projector automatically according to the actual vertical distance,
wherein the projector comprises a display component, and a three-mirror optical assembly positioned in an optical path of an emergent light of the display component and configured to reflect the projection image projected by the display component onto the front windshield such that the front windshield reflects the projection image into the eyes of the driver and comprising:
a zoom lens assembly;
an image quality compensation lens assembly; and
a front windshield compensation lens assembly, configured to compensate for an image distortion caused by the front windshield and to adjust an angle of the emergent light,
wherein the front windshield compensation lens assembly comprises:
a housing;
a bracket, rotatably disposed on the housing;
an angle adjusting component, disposed on the housing and connected to the bracket, and configured to drive the bracket to rotate under control of the head-up controller; and
a front windshield compensation lens, disposed on the bracket, and configured to compensate for the distortion caused by the front windshield and to adjust the angle of the emergent light,
wherein the angle adjusting component comprises an adjusting housing, an electric motor, a gear train and a pusher; wherein
the electric motor, the gear train and the pusher are disposed in the adjusting housing;
the electric motor is connected to the head-up controller and comprises a screw shaft, the screw shaft is engaged with the gear train;
the pusher has a pushing end connected to a back surface of the bracket and an engaging end engaged with the gear train; and
a rotary motion of the gear train is converted into a liner motion of the pusher.

US Pat. No. 10,191,285

HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY AND GAZE DETECTION SYSTEM

FOVE, INC., San Mateo, C...

1. A head mounted display that is mounted on the head of a user and used, the head mounted display comprising:an irradiation unit that irradiates the eyes of the user with invisible light;
a display that causes a light emitting element that emits light including the invisible light to emit the light and displays an image for the user to view;
an imaging device capable of capturing an image formed by the invisible light; and
an output unit that outputs an image captured by the imaging device as an image for gaze detection,
wherein the display includes a coated surface formed on a surface thereof that transmits the visible light and reflects the invisible light,
the coated surface prevents the invisible light emitted from the display from reaching the imaging device, and
the imaging device images the eyes of the user using the invisible light radiated from the irradiation unit, reflected by the eyes of the user, and reflected by the coated surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,284

SEE-THROUGH COMPUTER DISPLAY SYSTEMS

Osterhout Group, Inc., S...

1. A head mounted display with a wide display field of view providing a high transmission see-through view of a surrounding environment with an overlaid high contrast displayed image comprising:a. upper optics with a first optical axis including:
i. an emissive image source that provides image light comprised of one or more narrow spectral bands of light;
ii. one or more lenses;
iii. a stray light trap; and
b. lower optics with a second optical axis including:
i. a planar beam splitter angled relative to the first optical axis and the second optical axis; and
ii. a curved partially reflective mirror;
wherein the upper optics and the lower optics are designed to provide a limited central sharp zone and a surrounding peripheral zone that is less sharp.

US Pat. No. 10,191,282

COMPUTER DISPLAY DEVICE MOUNTED ON EYEGLASSES

1. A device configured to be worn like eyeglasses by a user, the device comprising:an eyeglass main body;
a display apparatus provided on the eyeglass main body and configured to display an original screen corresponding to a visual confirmation screen that appears to the user to be floating in midair;
an imaging apparatus provided on the eyeglass main body and configured such that, when the user performs an operation on the visual confirmation screen using a finger or an input instructing tool, the imaging apparatus captures one or more images of the finger or the input instructing tool that has performed the operation and generates image data;
an operation determining unit configured to determine, when the imaging apparatus has captured the image of the finger or of the input instructing tool used by the user to perform the operation on the visual confirmation screen, contents of the operation performed by the finger or the input instructing tool, based on the image data;
a positional data generating unit configured to generate, when the imaging apparatus has captured the image of the finger or of the input instructing tool used by the user to perform the operation on the visual confirmation screen, positional data of the finger or of the input instructing tool in an imaging range that is a range in which the imaging apparatus can capture an image based on the image data obtained by the imaging;
a reference data generating unit configured to generate, when the user performs a reference data setting operation using a finger or the input instructing tool at two or more predetermined positions on the visual confirmation screen, data that specifies the position and the size of the visual confirmation screen by using the positional data of the finger or of the input instructing tool generated by the positional data generating unit based on the image data for which the operation determining unit has determined that the operation at each of the two or more predetermined positions is a prescribed operation, and to store the generated data as reference data in a storage unit; and
an input control unit configured to:
determine, when the user performs the operation using the finger or the input instructing tool on the visual confirmation screen, contents of an inputted instruction, which corresponds to the operation performed by the finger or the input instructing tool, based on: (i) data concerning the contents of the operation performed by the finger or the input instructing tool determined by the operation determining unit, (ii) the positional data of the finger or of the input instructing tool generated by the positional data generating unit, (iii) the reference data concerning the visual confirmation screen that is stored in the storage unit, and (iv) the data that specifies the position and the size of the visual confirmation screen, by specifying the range of the visual confirmation screen within the imaging range, and by checking the position of the operation using the finger or the input instructing tool within the range of the specified visual confirmation screen, and
control the original screen to be displayed on the display apparatus in accordance with the determined contents of the inputted instruction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,278

OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS

VISION ENGINEERING LIMITE...

1. An optical instrument for producing an optical image to be viewed by an observer, the optical instrument comprising:an optical system for producing an optical image of an object which is viewable by an observer at an exit pupil on a viewing plane; and
a diffractive element located at an image plane of the optical system for producing an array of exit pupils, which are perceivable as a single, enlarged exit pupil by the observer;
wherein the diffractive element comprises a surface which has an array of diffractive units, each of which generates one of the exit pupils of the array of exit pupils, the diffractive units each comprising replications of a pattern of a plurality of separated areas which are effective to produce diffractive interference of light and generate a plurality of exit pupils which are displaced relative to one another in the form of an array of exit pupils, such as to be viewable as a single, continuous enlarged exit pupil, and the areas comprise irregular features of different sizes, both in horizontal and vertical section, which have curved surfaces at lateral faces thereof;
wherein the diffractive units are disposed progressively radially outwardly from the optical axis of the diffractive element and configured progressively to provide for an increasing angular offset of the optical path thereat, such that, independent of location on the aperture of the diffractive element and without any relay lens arrangement between the diffractive element and the viewing plane, light from the received image is relayed to a common region on the viewing plane across the aperture of the diffractive element.

US Pat. No. 10,191,275

THREE-MIRROR ANASTIGMAT HAVING RECTANGULAR APERTURE STOP

BAE Systems Information a...

1. An off-axis three-mirror anastigmat having a rectangular aperture stop to control rays of incident electromagnetic radiation passing through the three-mirror anastigmat along an optical path, the three-mirror anastigmat comprising:three or more reflective surfaces along the optical path, each surface being configured to change a direction of each ray on the surface based on a location of the ray relative to the surface, at least one of the surfaces being conjugate to and having a same shape as the rectangular aperture stop,
wherein the rectangular aperture stop has a width-to-length ratio of between 0.76 and 0.84, and
wherein the at least one of the surfaces comprises a concave primary mirror to collect and focus the electromagnetic radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,191,274

IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image display apparatus comprising:a light source device including a light source unit;
a scanning optical system including an image forming unit on which an intermediate image is formed by light from the light source unit; and
a virtual image optical system configured to guide light of the intermediate image by using a reflecting mirror and a curved transmissive reflection member, wherein:
the scanning optical system includes an optical scanning unit configured to scan the light from the light source unit in a main scanning direction and a sub-scanning direction of the image forming unit, and
the image forming unit is a transmissive member curved in a longitudinal direction of an image displayed on the curved transmissive reflection member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,273

MIRROR DRIVING DEVICE, BEAM IRRADIATION DEVICE, AND LASER RADAR

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A mirror driving device comprising:a rotating shaft;
a first driving source which rotates the rotating shaft;
a mirror holder which is supported on the rotating shaft by a support shaft extending perpendicular to the rotating shaft, the mirror holder being rotatable about the support shaft;
a mirror mounted on the mirror holder;
a holding part provided at an edge of the mirror holder;
a rotating body on which the mirror holder is placed at a position located away from the support shaft;
a guide which is disposed at the holding part and which guides the holding part so as to be capable of changing a distance between the holding part and the rotating shaft;
a moving mechanism which moves the rotating body in a direction parallel to the rotating shaft in a state where the rotating body is rotatable with the rotating shaft; and
a second driving source which moves the rotating body via the moving mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,191,270

IMAGING UNIT AND ENDOSCOPE APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. An imaging unit provided at a distal end of an endoscope, the imaging unit comprising:a solid state image sensor configured to receive light and perform photoelectric conversion on the light to generate an electric signal;
a substrate extending from the solid state image sensor in an optical axis direction of the solid state image sensor;
a multi-layer substrate formed on a surface of the substrate, the multi-layer substrate having a plurality of electronic components mounted thereon, the multi-layer substrate having a plurality of conductor layers and a plurality of via holes formed therein, the solid state image sensor being positioned on a distal end of the multi-layer substrate; and
a signal cable connected to a proximal end of the multi-layer substrate;
wherein the plurality of electronic components are disposed in a position excluding a center of the multi-layer substrate in the optical axis direction,
at least one of the plurality of electronic components is embedded inside the multi-layer substrate, and
the plurality of via holes are formed on both sides of the at least one of the plurality of electronic components embedded inside the multi-layer substrate along an optical axis direction of the multi-layer substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,269

SLIDE HOLDER FOR AN OPTICAL MICROSCOPE

1. A microscope slide holder for an optical microscope, comprising:a base portion,
a slide holder portion arranged on the base portion and having a mounting zone capable of receiving microscope slides, the slide holder portion being movably arranged on the base portion,
a manipulator for moving the slide holder portion with respect to the base portion in at least two orthogonal directions,wherein:the base portion is dimensioned to fit into another mounting zone that is of a slide holder of the optical microscope designed for holding a single slide at a time in the optical microscope.

US Pat. No. 10,191,268

METHOD FOR ANALYZING A SAMPLE WITH A NON-LINEAR MICROSCOPY TECHNIQUE AND NON-LINEAR MICROSCOPE ASSOCIATED

INSERM (Institute Nationa...

1. Method for analyzing a sample with a non-linear microscopy technique, in particular two-photon fluorescence microscopy, the method comprising at least the following steps:a) emitting at least one input laser pulse having a duration below or equal to 10 picoseconds,
b) deflecting the input laser pulse in a first direction by a first acousto-optical deflector to obtain a first deflected laser pulse, and
c) deflecting the first deflected laser pulse in a second direction by a second acousto-optical deflector to obtain a second deflected laser pulse, the first direction and the second direction defining at least an angle comprised between 85° and 95°,
d) sending the second deflected laser pulse on an optic system, to obtain a desired pattern of light within the sample,characterized in that:each acousto-optic deflector comprises an acousto-optical crystal and a transducer adapted to command the crystal by applying an acoustic wave, the instant when step a) is carried out and the instants at which the time-varying acoustic wave commands are started in the acousto-optic deflectors being synchronized such that each acousto-optic deflector only interacts with a laser pulse when the acoustic wave is established in the crystal,
at step b), the first acousto-optical deflector further shapes spatially the first deflected pulse in phase and in amplitude according to a first function,
at step c), the second acousto-optical deflector further shapes spatially the second deflected laser pulse in phase and in amplitude according to a second function, and
both the first function f and the second function g are such that at step d), the desired pattern of light is obtained by holography through the optic system.

US Pat. No. 10,191,266

THREE-DIMENSIONAL SHAPE MEASURING APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A three-dimensional shape measuring apparatus comprising:a light source;
an objective that condenses light emitted from the light source;
a stage on which a specimen is placed;
a scanner that two-dimensionally scans light that is condensed by the objective and is illuminated on the specimen;
an optical sensor that receives light that has been illuminated via the objective and has been reflected by the specimen; and
a processor that includes hardware, the processor being configured to perform control to:
image a sensor signal from the optical sensor;
store, in a memory, control information indicating a state of the three-dimensional shape measuring apparatus at a point in time of imaging, the control information being obtained in synchronization with the imaging of the sensor signal; and
control a transfer timing of the control information stored in the memory in accordance with a transfer timing of image data obtained by the imaging so as to output the control information to an image transfer path in association with the image data.

US Pat. No. 10,191,265

IMAGE GENERATION APPARATUS, IMAGE GENERATION METHOD, STORAGE MEDIUM, AND PROCESSING METHOD

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. An image generation apparatus comprisinga plurality of irradiators;
an image sensor having a surface on which an object is placed; and
a control circuit that generates an in-focus image of the object in a virtual focal plane located between the image sensor and the plurality of irradiators, wherein the control circuit performs an operation including
(a) generating an in-focus image of the object in each of a plurality of predetermined focal planes by using a plurality of captured images of the object, the captured images being obtained such that the plurality of irradiators sequentially irradiate the object and one image is captured by the image sensor each time the object is irradiated by one of the plurality of irradiator,
(b) extracting a contour of at least one or more cross sections of the object represented in the plurality of generated in-focus images,
(c) generating at least one or more circumferences based on the contour of the at least one or more cross sections,
(d) generating a sphere image in the form of a three-dimensional image of at least one or more spheres, each sphere having one of the generated at least one or more circumferences, and
(e) generating a synthetic image by processing the sphere image such that a cross section of the at least one or more spheres appears in the synthetic image, and displaying the resultant synthetic image on a display,
wherein the object is an embryo,
and wherein each of the at least one or more spheres includes an outer sphere representing an outward appearance of the embryo and at least one or more inner spheres, each inner sphere being contained in the outer sphere and representing an outward appearance of a cell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,264

REAL-TIME FOCUSING IN LINE SCAN IMAGING

LEICA BIOSYSTEMS IMAGING,...

1. A system comprising:an objective lens having an optical field of view;
a stage configured to support a sample;
at least one focusing line sensor positioned within a first optical path of the optical field of view and configured to receive a first portion of the optical field of view from the objective lens;
at least one imaging line sensor positioned within a second optical path of the optical field of view and configured to receive a second portion of the optical field of view from the objective lens while the at least one focusing line sensor receives the first portion of the optical field of view from the objective lens; and
at least one processor that controls one or more of the stage and the objective lens,
wherein, within the optical field of view, the first portion is spaced apart from the second portion by a distance h which satisfies 0

US Pat. No. 10,191,263

SCANNING MICROSCOPY SYSTEM

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A scanning microscopy system comprising:a photodetector that has a plurality of light-receiving elements placed in order on an image surface; and
a scanning optical system that irradiates light onto a plurality of spots on an observed object to scan the observed object such that a positional relationship between an image of the observed object and the photodetector is maintained,
wherein the scanning optical system includes a confocal plate in which a plurality of apertures are placed in order in an intermediate image plane situated between the observed object and the photodetector and that includes a lens array having a plurality of lens elements that cover the plurality of apertures, and
wherein the lens array individually demagnifies intermediate images of the plurality of spots that are formed or that have been formed in the plurality of apertures such that each of the plurality of spots is projected onto the photodetector at a magnification lower than a magnification at which the observed object is projected onto the photodetector.

US Pat. No. 10,191,262

WAVEGUIDE FOR MULTISPECTRAL FUSION

Qioptiq Limited, St. Asa...

1. A system comprising:an optical waveguide configured to receive multispectral radiation from a scene;
a first optical component configured to cause:
a first portion of the multispectral radiation with wavelengths in a first range to exit the optical waveguide at a first position; and
a second portion of the multispectral radiation with wavelengths in a second range to travel through the optical waveguide from the first position to a second position via total internal reflection;
a second optical component configured to cause the second portion of the multispectral radiation to exit the optical waveguide at the second position; and
a first objective for a first optical sub-system, wherein the first objective is configured to receive the first portion of the multispectral radiation after exiting the optical waveguide at the first position;
a second objective for a second optical sub-system, wherein the second objective is configured to receive the second portion of the multispectral radiation after exiting the optical waveguide at the second position;
the first optical sub-system is configured to process the first portion of the multispectral radiation, and
the second optical sub-system is configured to process the second portion of the multispectral radiation; and wherein the system is configured to produce an image of the scene that comprises:
a visual representation of the first portion of the multispectral radiation; and
a visual representation of the second portion of the multispectral radiation, wherein the visual representation of the first portion of the multispectral radiation and the visual representation of the second portion of the multispectral radiation overlap each other in the produced image.

US Pat. No. 10,191,261

MACRO LENS

TANTUM OPTICS, LLC, Tucs...

1. A variable-focal-length macro lens system having an optical axis and comprisinga first lens having a first optical power,
a second lens having a second optical power and disposed coaxially with the first lens,
a first repositionable element operably cooperated with at least one of said first and second lenses, and configured
to define a vectored force, applied to a surface of at least one of the first and second lenses along the optical axis, based on a reversible motion of the first repositionable element,
to define a flat area of at least one of a first surface of the first lens and a second surface of the second lens in response to said reversible motion,
said first and second surfaces facing each other,
said first and second surfaces being in contact with one another at an area centered at the optical axis when the first and second lenses are not stressed by said first repositionable element,
said flat area being symmetric about the optical axis,
and
to reversibly change a measure of applanation of the at least one of a first surface of the first lens and a second surface of the second lens in response to the reversible motion, a surface area of said flat area being dependent on a magnitude of said reversible motion,
wherein a focal length of said macro lens system is dependent on said reversible motion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,259

ZOOM LENS AND CAMERA DEVICE

TAMRON CO., LTD., Saitam...

1. A zoom lens having a telephoto end and a wide angle end, and comprising in order from the object side a first lens group having a positive refractive power, a second lens group having a negative refractive power, a third lens group having a positive refractive power, a fourth lens group having a positive refractive power, and a fifth lens group,wherein the following conditional expression (2) is satisfied:
0.7965?f1/?(fw×fT)?1.3  (2)
where fw is a focal length of the zoom lens taking a wide-angle position, fT is a focal length of the zoom lens taking a telephoto position, and f1 is a focal length of the first lens group,
wherein the first lens group comprises at least one lens piece that satisfies the following conditional expression (3):
0.018??PgF  (3)
where PgF is the partial dispersion for glass for the respective wavelengths 435.8 nm, 486.1 nm, and 656.3 nm of spectral lines g, F, and C, given by the following expression (3):
PgF=(ng?nF)/(nF?nC),
where ng, nF, and nC are the refractive indices for the respective wavelengths 435.8 nm, and 486.1 nm, and 656.3 nm of spectral lines g, F, and C, and
?PgF is a deviation from a straight line defined by a first point having as its x, y coordinates the Abbe constant on the d-line ?d=60.49 and the partial dispersion PgF=0.5393 for a glass type C7 and a second point having as its x, y coordinates the Abbe constant on the d-line ?d=36.30 and the partial dispersion PgF=0.5829 for a glass type F2, where the Abbe constant on the d-line ?d is given by the following expression:
?d=(nd?1)/(nF?nC),
where nd is the refractive index for the wavelength 589.6 nm of spectral line d,
wherein the following conditional expression (4) is satisfied:
0.60?Lt/fT?0.75  (4)
where Lt is an entire length of the optical system of the zoom lens taking a telephoto position, and fT is a focal length of the same of the zoom lens at the telephoto position,
wherein the second lens group is held in a fixed position while all the other lens groups are displaced when zooming from a wide-angle position to a telephoto position to vary magnification,
wherein a surface closest to the object side of the third lens group is convex toward the object side,
wherein the third lens group is an immediately adjacent lens group to the fourth lens group, and
wherein during zooming from a wide-angle end to a telephoto end, the third lens group is axially moved toward the object side.

US Pat. No. 10,191,258

SINGLE-FOCUS OPTICAL SYSTEM AND OPTICAL APPARATUS USING THE SAME

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A single-focus optical system which forms a conjugate relationship between a conjugate point on an enlargement side at a long distance and a conjugate point on a reduction side at a short distance, comprising in order from the enlargement side:a first lens unit; and
a second lens unit having a positive refractive power, wherein:
a lens component is one of a single lens and a cemented lens, and
the first lens unit includes a reduction-side negative lens component which is disposed closest to the reduction side, and has a concave surface on the reduction side, and
the first lens unit includes a enlargement-side lens component having a negative refractive power, closest to the enlargement side, and
the first lens unit includes a cemented lens cemented in order from the enlargement side, a negative lens having concave surface on the enlargement side and a positive lens, and
a shape of the cemented lens is a meniscus shape having a concave surface directed toward the enlargement side, and
in addition, the total number of negative lens components in the first lens unit is not less than three, and
the second lens unit includes in order from the enlargement side, a first positive lens, a second positive lens, a first negative lens, and a third positive lens, and
all air spaces in the second lens unit are constant at a time of focusing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,257

LENS SYSTEM, OPTICAL APPARATUS AND MANUFACTURING METHOD

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A lens system comprising, in order from an object, an “a” lens group having positive refractive power, a “b” lens group having negative refractive power, and a “c” lens group having positive refractive power,an aperture stop being disposed between the “b” lens group and the “c” lens group,
all or a part of the “b” lens group being shifted so as to have a component orthogonal to the optical axis,
wherein the “b” lens group is fixed in an optical axis direction with respect to an image plane upon zooming from a wide angle end state to a telephoto end state, and
wherein upon zooming from a wide angle end state to a telephoto end state, a distance between the “a” lens group and the “b” lens group varies and a distance between the “b” lens group and the “c” lens group varies, and the aperture stop is integrated with the “b” lens group, and
further comprising a first lens group which is closest to the object and placed closer to the object than the “a”, “b” and “c” lens groups, and is placed closest to the object among the lens groups of the lens system, the first lens group having positive refractive power, and
a second lens group, which is the second lens group from the object side, has negative refractive power, and the following conditional expression is satisfied:
0.55<(?f2)/fc<1.00  (5)
where f2 denotes a focal length of the second lens group, and fc denotes a focal length of the “c” lens group,
wherein the first lens group includes a front portion lens group, and a rear portion lens group disposed to an image side of the front portion lens group with an air distance therebetween, and
wherein the following conditional expression is satisfied:
1.30 wherein ft denotes a focal length of the total lens system in the telephoto end state, and f1b denotes a focal length of the rear portion lens group of the first lens group.

US Pat. No. 10,191,256

LITHIUM CONTAINING GLASS WITH HIGH OXIDIZED IRON CONTENT, AND LAMINATED TRANSPARENCY USING SAME

PPG Industries Ohio, Inc....


a redox ratio of 0.005-0.15; and
the oxidizer consisting essentially of cerium oxide in the range of greater than 0 to 0.50 wt % and/or manganese oxide in the range of greater than 0 to 0.75 wt %
wherein the glass has a visible transmission of greater than 88%, an infrared transmission of greater than 85%, and an infrared viewing transmission of greater than 80%, wherein the spectral properties of the glass given above are reported at a glass thickness of 0.223 inch (5.7 millimeters), and the visible transmission is determined using CIE Standard Illuminant A with a 2° observer over a wavelength range of 380 to 780 nanometers; the infrared transmission is determined using Parry Moon air mass 2.0 direct solar irradiance data over a wavelength range of 800 to 2100 nm, and the infrared viewing transmission is determined using the relative spectral irradiance of CIE Standard Illuminant A and the response function of the viewing device over the wavelength range 400 to 930 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,191,255

FOUR-ELEMENT ATHERMAL LENS

OmniVision Technologies, ...

1. A four-element athermal lens comprising: four coaxially aligned lenses including a (i) first lens and, in order of increasing distance therefrom and on a same side thereof, (ii) a second lens, a third lens, and a fourth lens;the first lens and the second lens being negative lenses,
the third lens and the fourth lens being positive lenses,
the first lens, second lens, third lens, and fourth lens having respective refractive indices n1, n2, n3, and n4, each satisfying n=1.51±0.05 in a free-space wavelength range between 830 nm and 870 nm,
refractive indices n1, n2, n3, and n4 having respective temperature dependences
each ofexciding, in the free-space wavelength range, each ofby a factor between 2.05 and 2.85, inclusive.

US Pat. No. 10,191,253

SINGLE FOCUS OPTICAL SYSTEM AND OPTICAL APPARATUS USING THE SAME

OLYMPUS CORPRATION, Toky...

1. A single-focus optical system which forms a conjugate relationship between a conjugate point on an enlargement side at a long distance and a conjugate point on a reduction side at a short distance, comprising in order from the enlargement side:a first lens unit having a positive refractive power;
a second lens unit having a negative refractive power; and
a third lens unit having a positive refractive power, wherein:
a lens component is one of a single lens and a cemented lens, and
the first lens unit includes in order from the enlargement side, either a first sub-unit, a second sub-unit, and a third sub-unit, or the first sub-unit, one positive lens component, the second sub-unit, and the third sub-unit, and
the first sub-unit includes one of, one negative lens component and a plurality of negative lens components that are continuous, and
the second sub-unit includes two meniscus lens components having respective concave surfaces thereof facing mutually, and
the third sub-unit includes a plurality of positive lens components, and also includes all positive lens components in the first lens unit, that are adjacent on the reduction side of the second sub-unit, and
the third lens unit includes in order from the enlargement side, a front side sub-unit and a rear side sub-unit, and
the front side sub-unit includes only a positive lens component, and
at the time of focusing, the first lens unit is fixed, the second lens unit is movable, and the rear side sub-unit is fixed, and
at least a distance between the first lens unit and the second lens unit, and a distance between the second lens unit and the front side sub-unit are variable, and
a distance between two lens surfaces in the first lens unit, the second lens unit, the front side sub-unit, and the rear side sub-unit is constant.

US Pat. No. 10,191,252

PHOTOGRAPHING OPTICAL LENS SYSTEM, IMAGE CAPTURING APPARATUS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

LARGAN PRECISION CO., LTD...

1. A photographing optical lens system comprising at least six lens elements, wherein the photographing optical lens system comprises:at least one cemented lens group cemented by two of the lens elements adjacent to each other, wherein the at least one cemented lens group comprises, in order from an object side to an image side:
a first cemented lens element having a cemented image-side surface being aspheric;
a cemented layer having a cemented object-side surface and a cemented image-side surface; and
a second cemented lens element having a cemented object-side surface being aspheric;
wherein an aspheric coefficient of the cemented image-side surface of the first cemented lens element is different from an aspheric coefficient of the cemented object-side surface of the second cemented lens element, a central thickness of the cemented layer is CLT, and the following condition is satisfied:
5 ?m?CLT?100 ?m; and
wherein one of the lens elements closest to an imaged object has positive refractive power.

US Pat. No. 10,191,251

OPTICAL LENS

RAYS OPTICS INC., Hsinch...

1. An optical lens, comprising:a first lens group with negative refractive power and a second lens group with positive refractive power, a number of lenses with refractive power of the first lens group being smaller than three, and a number of lenses with refractive power of the second lens group being smaller than five; and
an aperture stop disposed between the first lens group and the second lens group, wherein the second lens group has a lens with a diffractive optical surface, and the lens with a diffractive optical surface satisfies the condition:
0<|(?d*V)/?r|<2
where ?d denotes refractive power of the diffractive optical surface, ?r denotes refractive power of the lens with the diffractive optical surface, and V denotes an Abbe number of the lens with the diffractive optical surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,248

IMAGING LENS

KANTATSU CO., LTD., Yait...

12. An imaging lens comprising:seven constituent lenses which form an image of an object on a solid-state image sensor, in which the lenses are arranged in order from an object side to an image side of the imaging lens and are spaced from each other, the seven constituent lenses comprising:
a first lens with a positive refractive power;
a second lens with a negative refractive power;
a third lens with a positive or a negative refractive power;
a fourth lens with a positive or a negative refractive power;
a fifth lens with a positive refractive power;
a sixth lens with a positive or a negative refractive power; and
a seventh lens being a double-sided aspheric lens having a concave surface facing the image side, wherein
the third lens, the fourth lens, the fifth lens, and the sixth lens each have at least one aspheric surface,
the seventh lens has a pole-change point spaced from an optical axis of the imaging lens on its aspheric image-side surface, and expressions (9) and (10) are satisfied:
40 20<|?d5??d6|<40  (10), where
?d4 is an Abbe number of the fourth lens at d-ray,
?d5 is an Abbe number of the fifth lens at d-ray, and
?d6 is an Abbe number of the sixth lens at d-ray.

US Pat. No. 10,191,245

IMAGE SENSOR

Renesas Electronics Corpo...

1. An image sensor comprising:a first photoelectric conversion element;
a second photoelectric conversion element that is adjacent to the first photoelectric conversion element and receives light entering through a microlens placed in common with the first photoelectric conversion element;
a first transfer transistor that reads charge from the first photoelectric conversion element;
a second transfer transistor that reads charge from the second photoelectric conversion element;
a first read timing signal line that supplies a first read timing signal being common to the first transfer transistor and the second transfer transistor;
a first output line that outputs an output signal generated based on charge read through the first transfer transistor;
a second output line that outputs an output signal generated based on charge read through the second transfer transistor;
a first amplification transistor that amplifies a first voltage generated by charge output through the first transfer transistor and outputs an amplified first voltage to the first output line;
a second amplification transistor that amplifies a second voltage generated by charge output through the second transfer transistor and outputs an amplified second voltage to the second output line;
a fifth photoelectric conversion element;
a sixth photoelectric conversion element that is adjacent to the fifth photoelectric conversion element and receives light entering through another microlens placed in common with the fifth photoelectric conversion element;
fifth transfer transistor that reads charge from the fifth photoelectric conversion element, and outputs a fifth voltage generated by the read charge from the fifth photoelectric conversion element to the second amplification transistor;
a sixth transfer transistor that reads charge from the sixth photoelectric conversion element;
a third read timing signal line that supplies a third read timing signal being common to the fifth transfer transistor and the sixth transfer transistor and enabled at different timing from the first read timing signal; and
a third output line that outputs an output signal generated based on charge read through the sixth transfer transistor, the third output line being different from the first output line and the second output line,
wherein the fifth voltage generated by charge output through the fifth transfer transistor is amplified by the second amplification transistor and output to the second output line.

US Pat. No. 10,191,244

IMAGING APPARATUS AND POSITION DETECTION METHOD

Olympus Corporation, Tok...

1. An imaging apparatus having a lens, that is capable of movement in an optical axis direction, provided inside a lens barrel that includes a photographing lens, comprising:an operation member,
a detection element that outputs analog signals in accordance with position of the operation member,
an A/D converter that carries out A/D conversion to convert the analog signals to digital values, and
a controller that causes execution of A/D conversion by the A/D converter at a given time intervals, detects position of the operation member based on the digital values, and controls position of the lens based on the position, wherein
the controller, when it is determined that the operation member is stopped, compares an average value of a first number of digital values with a first threshold value, and determines that the operation member is moving if it has been determined that the average value is greater than the first threshold value, and
the controller, when it is determined that the operation member is moving, compares a difference between a newest digital value and a digital value that was acquired a second number previously with a second threshold value, and determines that the operation member has stopped if it is determined that the difference is smaller than the second threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,191,241

IMAGING DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An imaging device comprising:an imaging lens which is held by a lens barrel and forms an image of a photographic subject;
an imaging element which captures the image of the photographic subject which is formed by the imaging lens; and
an intermediate member which is made of a material having a linear expansion coefficient different from that of the lens barrel, and has, on an inner peripheral surface of one end thereof, a flange portion which comes into contact with the lens barrel, and the flange portion holds the lens barrel by joining a surface on the photographic subject side of the lens barrel and a surface on the imaging element side of the flange portion to each other,
wherein the flange portion is made integrally with the intermediate member and is made of a material as same as the intermediate member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,237

BINDER FILM SYSTEM

Corning Optical Communica...

1. A fiber optic cable, comprising:inner core elements wound in a pattern of stranding, the inner core elements comprising tubes surrounding optical fibers;
an inner binder film surrounding the stranded inner core elements, wherein the inner binder film is continuous peripherally around the core elements, forming a continuous closed loop when viewed in cross-section, and continuous lengthwise along a length of the cable that is at least a meter, and wherein the inner binder film is in radial tension and opposes outwardly transverse deflection of the inner core elements, and wherein the inner binder film has a thickness of 0.5 millimeters or less and is formed from an extrudable polymeric material;
outer core elements wound in a pattern of stranding around the inner binder film and the inner core elements, the outer core elements also comprising tubes surrounding optical fibers; and
an outer binder film surrounding the stranded outer core elements such that the inner binder film and inner core elements are nested within the outer core elements, and the outer core elements are in turn nested within the outer binder film, wherein the outer binder film is in radial tension and opposes outwardly transverse deflection of the outer core elements.

US Pat. No. 10,191,235

LENS MEMBER, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, COMMUNICATION MODULE, LENS ARRAY, AND LIGHT-SOURCE MODULE

MAXELL, LTD., Otokuni (J...

1. A lens member to be surface-mounted to a substrate, the lens member comprising:a glass lens that has been previously made; and
a mounting portion which, with the glass lens disposed inside, is in a state where a resin material different from the glass lens has been formed into a polygonal column surrounded by a plurality of planes,
wherein:
when the mounting portion having the glass lens is surface-mounted onto the substrate, one of the planes of the mounting portion is used as an attachment face located on a mounting face of the substrate, anda pair of mutually parallel planes are disposed on the mounting portion in a direction orthogonal to an optical axis of the glass lens, and when a thickness of the glass lens in the optical axis direction is D and a distance between the pair of planes in the optical axis direction orthogonal to the optical axis of the glass lens of the mounting portion is T, D and T satisfy the following condition:0.2D ?T ?2.0D.

US Pat. No. 10,191,234

ASSEMBLY AND PACKAGING METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OPTICAL COMPONENTS

OTX Ltd., Or Akiva (IL)

1. A method of aligning an optical fiber associated with a ferrule with an optical component in a micro-optical sub-assembly, comprising:providing said micro-optical sub-assembly;
providing a silicon fiber locator element on said micro-optical subassembly;
providing a silicon fiber locator element on said micro-optical sub-assembly;
providing a v-shaped groove on said silicon fiber locator element in said micro-optical sub-assembly, said v-shaped groove having an apex in said micro-optical sub-assembly providing a first holder;
mounting a laser diode on said first holder in said micro-optical sub-assembly;
aligning said laser diode with said v-shaped groove;
providing a spacing element behind said first holder relative to said v-shaped groove, said spacing element defining a pre-determined gap;
placing a second holder in said micro-optical sub-assembly to abut onto said spacing element;
placing a photo-detector on a front of said second holder relative to said v-shaped groove;
providing electrical contacts on said second holder;
placing said micro-optical sub-assembly with said v-shaped groove in in a slot on a printed circuit board; and
placing on said circuit board a ferrule having an optical fiber extending therefrom;
placing said optical fiber into said apex of said v-shaped groove, the groove being in alignment with said laser diode to guide said fiber for said aligning, to an accuracy of 1 micron, thereby aligning said optical fiber with said laser diode, said optical fiber thereby extending into said ferrule from said apex for onward connection to external components.

US Pat. No. 10,191,233

MIRROR DEVICE WITH VISUAL INDICATOR TO ENABLE IDENTIFICATION OF HIGHLY-REFLECTIVE REGION TO ENSURE CORRECT ORIENTATION OF THE SAME WHEN DISPOSED IN AN OPTICAL SUBASSEMBLY

Applied Optoelectronics, ...

1. A mirror device for use in an optical subassembly module, the mirror device comprising:an opaque base portion providing a first surface opposite a second surface;
a layer of metallic material disposed on the first surface of the base portion to provide a highly-reflective surface to reflect at least a portion of incident channel wavelengths; and
a visual indicator disposed on the second surface of the base portion to indicate a position of the highly-reflective surface, wherein the visual indicator comprises a plurality of random scratches disposed on the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,232

OPTICAL MODULE

OE SOLUTIONS CO., LTD., ...

1. An optical module comprising:an optical transmitter configured to output a first optical signal;
an optical receiver configured to receive a second optical signal;
a holder including an optical fiber on which the first optical signal is incident and from which the second optical signal is emitted;
a first optical filter disposed between the optical transmitter and the holder to transmit the first optical signal and reflect the second optical signal;
a first parallel light lens disposed between the first optical filter and the optical transmitter;
a second parallel light lens disposed between the first optical filter and the holder;
a case into which the optical transmitter, the optical receiver, and the holder are inserted and in which the first optical filter, the first parallel light lens, and the second parallel light lens are disposed;
an isolator disposed between the first parallel light lens and the optical transmitter;
a reflector which is configured to reflect the second optical signal reflected by the first optical filter toward the optical receiver;
a second optical filter disposed between the reflector and the optical receiver; and
an adjustment member which is configured to couple the optical transmitter to the case,
wherein the holder is configured to accommodate the first parallel light lens, the second parallel light lens, the first optical filter, the reflector, and the second optical filter, and
wherein the adjustment member comprises a first adjustment member coupled with the case and a second adjustment member inserted into the first adjustment member and coupled with the optical transmitter.

US Pat. No. 10,191,228

OPTICAL CONNECTORS AND COMPLIMENTARY OPTICAL RECEPTACLES HAVING MAGNETIC ATTACHMENT

Corning Optical Communica...

1. An optical device, comprising:a connector housing comprising:
a first portion comprising one or more magnetic pockets for receiving one or more second magnetic materials; and
a second portion coupled to the first portion, wherein the connector housing comprises one or more alignment features configured as protrusions; and
an optical body integrally formed with the first portion of the connector housing, the optical body comprising:
at least one optical channel having an optical interface portion,
a total internal reflection (TIR) surface for turning the optical signal of the at least one optical channel,
at least one fiber lead-in aligned to the TIR surface, wherein the optical body forms a portion of the connector housing for directly mating with an complimentary device, and
one or more openings for receiving one or more first magnetic materials.

US Pat. No. 10,191,227

FIBER OPTIC CONNECTOR WITH SMALL PROFILE, AND CABLE ASSEMBLIES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS INCLUDING THE SAME

Alliance Fiber Optics Pro...

1. A fiber optic connector, comprising:first and second ferrules each configured to support at least one optical fiber and arranged to extend parallel to each other in a ferrule plane;
an inner connector body having a front end from which the first and second ferrules extend and a back end opposite the front end;
a latch arm extending outwardly from the inner connector body and intersecting the ferrule plane;
a handle having a housing portion in which the inner connector body is at least partially received and a grip portion extending rearwardly from the housing portion, wherein:
the housing portion of the handle is in the form of a tubular body with sides that extend from a front opening of the housing portion to a rear opening of the housing portion;
one of the sides of the housing portion includes an opening through which the latch arm extends; and
the handle can move relative to the inner connector body so that the housing portion can cause the latch arm to flex toward the inner connector body;
an outer connector body coupled to the back end of the inner connector body;
first and second inner springs extending within the inner connector body and outer connector body, wherein the first and second inner springs bias the respective first and second ferrules ferrule toward the front end of the inner connector body; and
a spring push received in the outer connector body, wherein the spring push includes first and second slots for accommodating the respective at least one optical fiber that the first and second ferrules are configured to support, and wherein the spring push defines first and second spring seats for positioning the first and second inner springs in the outer connector body.