US Pat. No. 10,191,626

SYSTEM FOR MANAGING AND PROCESSING DATA FROM A MEDICAL FACILITY

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. A system for managing and processing data in a medical facility, the system comprising:a plurality of medical examination devices in the medical facility;
a plurality of different types of user devices in the medical facility that display and process data;
a public cloud outside of the medical facility storing downloadable applications, templates drivers, patient data records, patient image data records and patient associated tasks to be performed by the medical facility, the public cloud being connected to the plurality of medical examination devices and the plurality of different types of user devices;
at least one browser application installed on each of the plurality of different types of user devices configured to run on the user devices, the browser application being configured to access and display
data record lists, stored in the public cloud, containing a respective list entry for a number of medical data records of a particular data type including data inclusive of data generated by the plurality medical examination devices, data of hospital information systems (HIS), radiology information systems (RIS) and picture archiving and communication systems (PACS), and
individual list entries resulting from search queries via the browser application
for inspection and processing, the at least one browser application being subdivided into the following layers in terms of its component architecture:
a frame layer comprising at least one frame component, the frame component defining a number and arrangement of GUI pages to be displayed at the same time for a respective data record list or GUI pages for a respective list entry, and the frame component also being configured to implement functions for transferring control between different GUI pages,
a view layer comprising a number of components, each respectively specifically defining, for a particular data type, the graphical contents of a GUI page for displaying a data record list or a GUI page for displaying a list entry,
a view model layer comprising a number of components, each defining, for at least one associated component of the view layer, properties and commands for the control elements of the GUI page defined there,
a model layer comprising a number of components, each respectively specifically defining, for a particular data type, the structure of the associated data records, and
a driver layer comprising a number of driver components, each respectively configured to facilitate data access to a particular data memory inside or outside the user device,
the components of the view model layer being independent of the data type.

US Pat. No. 10,191,622

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DESIGN AND DYNAMIC GENERATION OF A WEB PAGE

LivePerson, Inc., New Yo...

17. A computer-program product, tangibly embodied in a non-transitory machine-readable medium of a server device, including instructions configured to cause a data processing apparatus to:provide a toolbar including one or more cells for displaying content resources, wherein the toolbar is dynamically generated and displayed as an additional window with one or more pages of an application;
provide a plurality of content resources, wherein the plurality of content resources include resources of different content types, wherein at least one content resource is a real-time interactive element that facilitates a messaging communication with an available agent, and wherein an agent is available when the agent is available to participate in the messaging communication and has a skill specified by the application;
dynamically update display and content type of content resources presented in cells of the toolbar, wherein the display and content type of the content resources are dynamically updated in real-time as activities are performed on the application and as content of the application changes, wherein the display and content type of the content resources are dynamically updated using one or more content resource rules, and wherein the one or more content resource rules control a type of content resource to present in a toolbar based on one or more activities performed on one or more pages of an application and based on content of the one or more pages;
receive a request for a content resource, wherein the request is based on one or more detected activities performed on the one or more pages of the application;
select a content resource rule according to the one or more detected activities performed on the one or more pages of the application, wherein the content resource rule is evaluated to determine whether to provide a real-time interactive element that facilitates a messaging communication;
use the selected content resource rule to determine whether one or more agents are available to participate in a messaging communication, wherein the selected content resource rule is further used to determine whether the one or more agents have a skill specified by the application;
dynamically select a content resource using the selected content resource rule, wherein the content resource is selected when the one or more agents are determined to be available to participate in a messaging communication and to have the skill specified by the application, and wherein the selected content resource is a real-time interactive element that facilitates messaging communications between customer devices and one or more agent devices of one or more available agents having the skill;
provide the real-time interactive element for presentation in at least one of the cells of the toolbar displayed with the one or more pages, wherein content resources of different content types are presented within different cells of the toolbar, and wherein selection of the real-time interactive element facilitates a messaging communication between a customer device and an agent device associated with an available agent having the skill;
receive input corresponding to selection of the real-time interactive element; and
facilitate the messaging communication between the customer device and the agent device of the available agent having the skill.

US Pat. No. 10,191,618

HAND-HELD ELECTRONIC APPARATUS HAVING FUNCTION OF ACTIVATING APPLICATION PROGRAM OF ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND METHOD THEREOF

INSYDE SOFTWARE CORPORATI...

1. A hand-held electronic apparatus having a function of activating an application program of a remote electronic apparatus, comprising:a processor, configured to
transmit a remote control request to the remote electronic apparatus to establish a network link with to remotely control the remote electronic apparatus,
receive a thumbnail cache file transmitted from the remote electronic apparatus upon establishing the network link, the thumbnail cache file containing a thumbnail that corresponds to an application program stored and executable in the remote electronic apparatus, and
extract the thumbnail from the thumbnail cache file;
a storage apparatus, configured to store an operating system of the hand-held electronic apparatus and the thumbnail cache file received from the remote electronic apparatus; and
a touch screen, configured to display the thumbnail,
wherein upon extraction of the thumbnail from the thumbnail cache file, the processor causes the touch screen to display the thumbnail extracted by the processor of the hand-held electronic apparatus at a position determined according to a first thumbnail layout manner specified by the operating system of the hand-held electronic apparatus and upon receipt of a touch command on the thumbnail, transmits an activation command for the application program on the remote electronic apparatus that correspond to the thumbnail to the remote electronic apparatus such that the application program corresponding to the thumbnail is activated by the remote electronic apparatus, and
wherein the first thumbnail layout manner specified by the operating system of the hand-held electronic apparatus is a centralized layout manner in which the thumbnails are displayed on the touch screen at a position defined by a predetermined number of columns and a predetermined number of rows or a list layout manner in which the thumbnail is displayed in a list form and is independent from a second thumbnail layout manner specified by the operating system of the remote electronic apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,191,614

PANEL DISPLAYING METHOD, PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND RECORDING MEDIUM USING THE METHOD

HTC Corporation, Taoyuan...

1. A panel displaying method for an electronic device, wherein the electronic device has a plurality of panels, the panel displaying method comprising:displaying at least one widget icon in a widget area of a first panel, wherein the widget area selects an operation mode based on an environment of the electronic device;
displaying a plurality of first icons corresponding to a plurality of objects in a second panel;
determining the environment of the electronic device according to device information of the electronic device, wherein the device information comprises connection information of the electronic device;
automatically choosing the operation mode based on the environment of the electronic device, and displaying at least one widget icon corresponding to the chosen operation mode in the widget area of the first panel,
wherein a portion of the first icons is chosen and updated as the at least one widget icon based on the number of clicks of the objects corresponding to the first icons and being clicked in the chosen operation mode; and
detecting a choose input signal, wherein the choose input signal instructs to move one of the first icons as a third icon into a specific position of the widget area, wherein when updating the widget icon, not updating a display position of the third icon based on the number of clicks of the third icon but displaying the third icon at the specific position, and displaying other widget icons at positions other than the specific position in the widget area according to the number of clicks of the other widget icons.

US Pat. No. 10,191,611

GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE DEFINED CURSOR DISPLACEMENT TOOL

GitSuite LLC, Berry Hill...

1. A graphical user interface (“GUI”) defined cursor displacement tool for use on a touch-sensitive display or screen of a computing system, the GUI defined cursor displacement tool comprising:a first portion defining a cursor control handle;
a second portion defining a cursor tip;
an offset visibly separating the cursor control handle and the cursor tip;
a docking location on the touch-sensitive screen at which a user can grab, move, return, park and retrieve the cursor control handle and the fixedly remote cursor tip;
a first selectable setting wherein the cursor control handle can be caused to automatically return to the docking location upon release of the cursor control handle; and
a second selectable setting wherein the cursor control handle can be caused to remain in a contemporaneous location on the touch-sensitive screen upon release of the cursor control handle;
wherein the control handle is operable to synchronously move about the touch-sensitive screen with the cursor tip, at the offset from the cursor tip, to interact with screen graphics displayed on the touch-sensitive screen.

US Pat. No. 10,191,610

IMPLEMENTING FOCUS INDICATION OF COMPONENTS DISPLAYED ON A DISPLAY DEVICE

Oracle International Corp...

1. A method for implementing focus indication of components displayed on a display device, the display device coupled to one or more processors and to a plurality of user input devices, the method comprising the following performed by the one or more processors:accepting a first signal from a first user input device to change focus to a first selected component on the display device, wherein the first user input device is not a mouse or touch user input device;
providing a focus indicator in association with the first selected component in response to the first signal;
accepting a second signal from the mouse or touch user input device to change focus to a second selected component;
determining that focus has changed in response to an input from the mouse or touch user input device; and
suppressing display of a focus indicator for the second selected component in response to the determining.

US Pat. No. 10,191,609

METHOD AND APPARATUS OF PROVIDING A CUSTOMIZED USER INTERFACE

Open Invention Network LL...

1. A method, comprising:displaying a new window display area, based on at least one predefined user preference, in a user specified location of a display operated by a user;
prompting the user to select at least one particular application to be associated with the new window display area, and prompting the user to customize window attributes of the new window display area by modifying the new window display area;
prompting the user to create a predefined geometric figure or shape via input gestures of the new window display area;
detecting the input gestures and corresponding coordinates and determining a pressure, speed, and size of the input gestures;
comparing the input gestures to a known set of input gestures to determine whether the comparison resulted in a predefined degree of precision based on a distance between user drawn coordinates associated with the input gestures and predefined coordinates associated with the known set of input gestures of the predefined geometric figure or shape;
accepting the degree of precision and identifying the user based on the input gestures received; and
saving the modified new window display area to be associated with the identified user in a memory of a computing device once the user has completed the customizing of the window attributes and double-tapped border of the new window display area.

US Pat. No. 10,191,608

METHOD FOR PROVIDING MESSAGE FUNCTION AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a touch screen display;
a communication unit; and
a processor configured to:
control the touch screen display to display a chat window for one or more messages in a chronological order and a text input window,
receive a first input for inputting text information into the text input window,
receive a second input for applying an effect to the inputted text information displayed in the text input window,
control the touch screen display to display, in response to receiving the second input, a list of effects, the list of effects comprising a hiding effect, applicable to the inputted text information,
receive a third input for selecting the hiding effect among the list of effects applicable to the inputted text information,
control the touch screen display to display the inputted text information in a hidden state, in response to receiving the third input, and
control the communication unit to transmit a message including the inputted text information and the hiding effect information to a counterpart electronic device in response to a transmission request, wherein the hiding effect information included in the transmitted message causes the text information of the transmitted message to be initially displayed in the hidden state on the counterpart electronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,604

SENSING DEVICE AND METHOD WITH FUNCTIONS OF FORCE MEASUREMENT, TOUCH CONTROL AND FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION

SUPERC-TOUCH CORPORATION,...

1. A sensing method for a sensing device with functions of force measurement, touch control and fingerprint identification, the sensing device comprising:a sensing electrode substrate;
a first electrode layer including a plurality of first electrodes;
a switch and wire layer including:
a plurality of switch circuits, each switch circuit corresponding to an adjacent first electrode;
a plurality of switch control lines, each switch control line including at least two control wires and being electrically connected to at least two switch circuits; and
a plurality of sensing signal lines, each sensing signal line including at least a sensing wire and being electrically connected to at least two switch circuits;
a force electrode layer including at least one force electrode;
a resilient dielectric layer arranged between the first electrode layer and the force electrode layer; and
a capacitance detection and switch array control circuit for directly or indirectly generating a switch control signal applied to the plurality of switch control lines, so as to determine which sensing wire is connected to the first electrodes;
the sensing method comprising the steps of:
executing a biometric identification timing, in which the capacitance detection and switch array control circuit controls the plurality of switch circuits to sequentially or randomly apply a capacitance detection stimulation signal to a selected first electrode, and receives a biometric sensing signal from the selected first electrode, so as to execute a biometric identification operation;
executing a touch control detection timing, in which the capacitance detection and switch array control circuit controls the plurality of switch circuits to configure the plurality of first electrodes into a plurality of touch control electrodes, and sequentially or randomly applies a capacitance detection stimulation signal to a selected touch control electrode, and receives a touch control sensing signal from the selected touch control electrode, so as to execute a touch control sensing operation, wherein each of the touch control electrodes includes at least fifty first electrodes; and
executing a force detection timing, in which the capacitance detection and switch array control circuit applies a capacitance detection stimulation signal to at least one of the force electrodes, and receives a force sensing signal from the force electrode, so as to execute a force detection operation.

US Pat. No. 10,191,602

CAPACITIVE INPUT DEVICE HAVING A CURVED SURFACE

ALPS ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A capacitive input device having a curved surface shape, the capacitive input device comprising:an external body molded with a synthetic resin, the external body having an external curved surface facing a user;
a film base, which is integrally provided so as to conform to an internal curved surface of the external body;
an adhesive layer provided between the internal curved surface of the external body and the film base;
a conductive layer made of a conductive macromolecule, the conductive layer being disposed on an opposite surface of the film base, the opposite surface being opposite to a surface of the film base on the external body side;
a wiring layer that is disposed to overlap a part of the conductive layer and is electrically connected to the conductive layer; and
a protective layer that is disposed to cover an opposite surface of the conductive layer and is made of a material that comprises an insulative synthetic resin, the protective layer being thinner than the film base, the opposite surface of the conductive layer being opposite to a surface that is on the film base.

US Pat. No. 10,191,601

ELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH TOUCH CONTROL CIRCUIT POWERED BY DEDICATED POWER SOURCE

SUPERC-TOUCH CORPORATION,...

1. An electronic device with touch control circuit powered by dedicated power source, comprising:a functional circuit powered by a first power source;
a plurality of touch sensing electrodes for sensing a touch from an external object; and
a touch sensing control circuit powered by a second power source which is different from the first power source, and connected to the plurality of touch sensing electrodes for driving the plurality of touch sensing electrodes to sense the touch of the external object,
wherein there is no common current loop between the first power source and the second power source during an operation of touch sensing; and
a switch device connected between a grounding terminal of the first power source and a grounding terminal of the second rower source for controlling the grounding terminal of the first power source and the grounding terminal of the second power source to be disconnected or connected.

US Pat. No. 10,191,594

PROJECTION-TYPE VIDEO DISPLAY DEVICE

MAXELL, LTD., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A projection-type video display device comprising:a video projector that projects a video;
at least one light source that emits illumination light different from that of the projected video onto a surface at least partly overlapping a video projection surface onto which the video projector projects the video;
an image capture device that performs imaging using reflected light of the illumination light; and
a control system that is communicatively coupled to the video projector, the at least one light source and the image capture device, wherein the control system:
detects at least a position at which an operator's finger is brought into contact with the video projection surface based on a captured image acquired by the image capture device; and
performs a plurality of operations that change at least one partial video included in the video projected by the video projector based on a result of the detection acquired by the control system, wherein, the plurality of operations include a first operation and a second operation;
wherein the first operation comprises:
dividing a first partial video of video projected by the video projector into a plurality of separate display screens, on a condition that the operator's finger is detected to move into the first partial video from outside of the first partial video and traverses the partial video while being brought into contact with the video projection surface; and
allowing each of new partial video contents of the separate display screens to be independently adjustable through interaction of each of the separate display screens, and
wherein the second operation comprises:
on a condition that the operator's finger is detected to move from a start position in a second partial video while being brought into contact with the video projection surface, moving the second partial video of video projected by the video projector.

US Pat. No. 10,191,591

ANALOG ELIMINATION OF UNGROUNDED CONDUCTIVE OBJECTS IN CAPACITIVE SENSING

MICROCHIP TECHNOLOGY INCO...

1. A method for performing a touch determination with a capacitive sensor comprising a first electrode and a second electrode;initiating a self capacitance measurement of the first electrode and performing in parallel a mutual capacitance measurement including the first and second electrode, wherein after a start and before an end of the self capacitance measurement a pulse is fed to the second electrode, wherein a measurement circuit is designed such that grounding a sensor capacitance of the capacitive sensor has an opposite influence on self-capacitance measurement with respect to the mutual capacitance measurement and un-grounding the sensor capacitance has an equal influence on self-capacitance measurement and the mutual capacitance measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,191,590

TOUCH WINDOW

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A touch window comprising:a substrate including an active area and an unactive area defined therein;
a sensing electrode on the substrate; and
a wire electrode connected to the sensing electrode,
wherein the wire electrode includes a first wire electrode, a second wire electrode and a reinforcement electrode connected to the first and second wire electrodes,
at least one of the first and second wire electrodes and the reinforcement electrode is formed in a mesh shape, and
the wire electrode extends from the active area to the unactive area,
wherein at least one of the first and second wire electrodes and the reinforcement electrode is disposed on the active area,
wherein the touch window further comprises a printed circuit board connected to the second wire electrode on the unactive area,
wherein the second wire electrode includes a first sub-second wire electrode connected to the reinforcement electrode and a second sub-second wire electrode connected to the printed circuit board, and
wherein the first sub-second wire electrode has a width different from a width of the second sub-second wire electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,191,589

SAMPLING FREQUENCY AND ACCUMULATOR SWEEPING IN A TOUCH SCREEN CONTROLLER

STMicroelectronics Asia P...

1. A circuit, comprising:a charge to voltage converter circuit having an input coupled to receive a sense signal from a sense node associated with a mutual capacitance to be sensed, and an output;
a reset switch coupled between the output of the charge to voltage converter circuit and the input of the charge to voltage converter;
an accumulator circuit configured to accumulate voltages at the output of the charge to voltage converter circuit and to generate an accumulator output signal;
control circuitry configured to generate control signals for the reset switch and accumulator circuit so as to reduce noise in the accumulator output signal, wherein the control signals for the reset switch define a sampling frequency for the accumulator circuit;
wherein the accumulator circuit accumulates the voltages at the output of the charge to voltage converter according to the sampling frequency;
wherein the accumulator circuit accumulates the voltages at the output of the charge to voltage converter a given number of times at each sampling frequency;
wherein a transfer function of the accumulator circuit has notches at frequency positions dependent upon the given number of times the accumulator circuit accumulates the voltages at the output of the charge to voltage converter at each sampling frequency; and
wherein the control signals serve to change the given number of times so as to shift the notches in the transfer function of the accumulator circuit toward the sampling frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,191,588

COORDINATE INPUT DEVICE AND DISPLAY DEVICE WITH THE SAME

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A touch panel comprising:a first coordinate electrode for detecting a touch coordinate;
a power source for supplying electric charges to the first electrode;
an electric charge storage capacitor electrically connecting the first coordinate electrode, and including a first capacitor electrode connecting the first coordinate electrode and a second capacitor electrode opposing to the first capacitor electrode;
a first switch electrically connecting between the second electrode of the electric charge storage capacitor and a reference voltage;
a second switch electrically connecting between the second electrode of the electric charge storage capacitor and a noise voltage; and
an amplifier for detecting electric charges which are transferred from the coordinate electrode to the electric charge storage capacitor via a third switch,
wherein the third switch directly connects between the first coordinate electrode and the amplifier in order to transfer the electric charges,
wherein the reference voltage is applied to the second electrode of the electric charge storage capacitor before the noise voltage is applied to the second electrode of the electric charge storage capacitor,
wherein the noise voltage is applied to the second electrode of the electric charge storage capacitor for detecting the touch coordinate, and
wherein the third switch is configured to be turned ON at the same time as the noise voltage is applied to the second electrode of the electric charge storage capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,560

THROTTLE FUNCTIONALITY OF HAPTIC CONTROLLER

Verily Life Sciences LLC,...

1. A system configured to operate a robotic device, the system comprising:a rotatable knob coupled to a base;
at least one motor that is operable to apply a torque-generating force to the rotatable knob;
a curved touchpad comprising one or more touch sensors arranged to sense touch input on a curved surface of the rotatable knob; and
a control system configured to:
detect, based at least in part on touch data from the curved touchpad, a throttle mode input; and
in response to the throttle mode input, operate the at least one motor to affect the rotation of the rotatable knob to simulate a throttle.

US Pat. No. 10,191,558

MULTIPURPOSE CONTROLLERS AND METHODS

1. A wearable apparatus for a user to communicate with an electronic device, the apparatus comprising:memory;
one or more processors configured to receive
first user action information indicative of actions performed by the user using one or more first body parts of the user, and
Object of Interest Modification Driver (OMD) information indicative of at least one of motion and position of one or more second body parts of the user, wherein said one or more second body parts of the user are not the same as said one or more first body parts of the user;
one or more first sensors configured to provide at least a portion of said first user action information; and
a wearing component configured to enable the wearable apparatus to be worn by the user; wherein said one or more processors are further configured to:
determine performance of a first set of specified user actions performed by the user based on said first user action information;
generate one or more first signals to communicate to the electronic device when performance of said first set of specified user actions is determined by said one or more processors, said one or more first signals being based on said OMD information; and
not generate said one or more first signals when performance of said first set of specified user actions is not determined by said one or more processors.

US Pat. No. 10,191,556

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF DISPLAYING INFORMATION IN RESPONSE TO A GESTURE

BlackBerry Limited, Wate...

1. A method comprising:displaying information associated with a first application on a touch-sensitive display of an electronic device;
receiving a notification associated with a second application while displaying the information associated with the first application, wherein the second application is different from the first application;
after receiving the notification, detecting a gesture on the touch-sensitive display, wherein the gesture indicates a request to preview information from the second application; and
without opening the second application, gradually displaying the information from the second application by gradually shifting the information from the second application onto the touch-sensitive display, wherein the gradual shifting occurs in accordance with movement of the gesture.

US Pat. No. 10,191,554

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND CONTROLLING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A controlling method of a display apparatus, comprising:based on a captured image of an object corresponding to a predetermined shape while the display apparatus is operated in a general driving mode, activating an intermediate mode and displaying a mode conversion user interface (UI) that provides a guideline of a first motion for switching from the intermediate mode to a motion task mode that allows a user to control at least one function of the display apparatus via a second motion different from the first motion;
based on recognizing the first motion that corresponds to the guideline within a predetermined time since the intermediate mode is activated, activating the motion task mode and displaying a motion task UI to control the display apparatus in accordance with the second motion;
based on recognizing the second motion to control the at least one function of the display apparatus while the display apparatus is operated in the motion task mode, controlling the at least one function corresponding to the second motion,
wherein the general driving mode is switched to the motion task mode through the intermediate mode that occurs between the general driving mode and the motion task mode, based on the first motion being recognized within the predetermined time since the intermediate mode is activated.

US Pat. No. 10,191,502

POWER SUPPLY DEVICE

Hosiden Corporation, Osa...

1. A power supply device for outputting a DC voltage comprising:a pair of positive and negative output terminals, a load to which the DC voltage is applied being connected thereto;
a detection unit configured to detect a voltage value of the DC voltage output from the output terminals;
a setting unit configured to select an instruction value for the DC voltage output from the output terminals from among a plurality of preset instruction values, and set the selected instruction value; and
a correction unit configured to increase one of the voltage value detected by the detection unit and the instruction value set by the setting unit, according to an amount by which a current value of a current that flows through the load increases, wherein
the detection unit is provided between the positive terminal of the pair of output terminals and a ground potential,
the correction unit is provided between the setting unit and the ground potential, and increases the instruction value,
the detection unit has at least two resistors that are connected in series to each other and divide the DC voltage with respect to the ground potential,
the correction unit has a resistor provided between the negative terminal of the pair of output terminals and the ground potential, and
the setting unit has at least two resistors that are connected in series to each other and divide a reference voltage, which is a preset constant voltage, with respect to a potential of the negative terminal, and one of the at least two resistors to which the reference voltage is applied is connected in parallel to another resistor that is different from the at least two resistors, according to the plurality of instruction values.

US Pat. No. 10,191,491

PICKUP AND DROP OFF ZONES FOR AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

Waymo LLC, Mountain View...

1. A method comprising:sending, by a client computing device having one or more processors, a request for a vehicle to stop at a particular location;
in response to the request, receiving, by the client computing device, information identifying a current location of the vehicle;
receiving, by the client computing device, a pickup spot indicating where the vehicle may stop;
generating, by the client computing device, a map for display, the map including a first marker identifying the particular location and a second marker identifying the pickup spot relative to the first marker; and
displaying, by the client computing device, on a display of the client computing device, the map, the first marker on the map, and the second marker on the map.

US Pat. No. 10,191,487

CONTROL DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD FOR FLYING BOT

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A flying bot control device comprising:a communication unit performing wireless communication with a flying bot;
a display unit displaying image information related to control of the flying bot;
a user input unit controlling a flying state of the flying bot and a function which can be performed by the flying bot;
a detection unit detecting at least one of a rotation direction, a movement direction, or a tilt state of the flying bot; and
a controller receiving information regarding at least one of a position or a surrounding situation from the flying bot through the communication unit and switching a flight control mode of the flying bot on the basis of the received information,
wherein, according to the changed flight control mode of the flying bot, the controller determines a movement direction and a rotation direction of the flying bot in accordance with an input to the user input unit on the basis of a location of a user,
wherein when a result of sensing an obstacle adjacent to the flying bot is received from the flying bot, the controller displays information regarding the sensed obstacle on the display unit, and
wherein the controller displays a position and a direction of the obstacle using separate graphic objects, and the graphic objects are displayed in different colors or forms according to a distance between the flying bot and the sensed obstacle.

US Pat. No. 10,191,439

CLEANING BLADE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A cleaning blade comprising:a support; and
an elastic member with a flat shape including a secured end secured to the support and a free end having a ridgeline to contact a cleaning target to remove substance adhering to a surface of the cleaning target,
the elastic member including:
a base having an opposite face disposed to oppose a downstream side of the cleaning target downstream from a contact portion of the elastic member with the cleaning target in a direction of movement of the cleaning target; and
a surface layer made of a cured product of a curable composition,
the surface layer disposed on at least a part of the opposite face of the base,
the surface layer including an inclined face inclined such that a thickness of the surface layer progressively decreases toward the secured end along a cross section perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the surface layer.

US Pat. No. 10,191,433

SHEET FEEDING TIMING METHOD OF IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS BASED ON SHEET SIZE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a sheet holder configured to hold one or more sheets;
an image forming unit configured to perform image formation on the one or more sheets fed from the sheet holder;
a sheet feeder configured to feed the one or more sheets held in the sheet holder in a sheet conveyance direction toward the image forming unit;
a re-conveyance unit configured to re-convey, toward the image forming unit, the one or more sheets having passed through the image forming unit;
a first sensor configured to output a signal in response to detecting passage of each sheet fed by the sheet feeder;
a second sensor configured to output a signal in response to detecting passage of each sheet re-conveyed by the re-conveyance unit, the second sensor being located upstream of the first sensor;
a third sensor configured to output a signal in response to detecting passage of each sheet fed by the sheet feeder, the third sensor being located upstream of the second sensor; and
a controller configured to:
begin to feed a preceding sheet by the sheet feeder;
acquire a passing time period during which the preceding sheet being fed by the sheet feeder is passing through the first sensor, based on the signal from the first sensor;
begin to re-convey the preceding sheet by the re-conveyance unit;
begin to feed a subsequent sheet in response to the leading end of the preceding sheet being detected by the second sensor;
stop feeding the subsequent sheet at a predetermined position downstream of the sheet holder in the sheet conveyance direction in response to the leading end of the subsequent sheet being detected by the third sensor, the third sensor being located at the predetermined position;
in response to feeding of the subsequent sheet being stopped at the predetermined position after the preceding sheet has begun to be re-conveyed by the re-conveyance unit, calculate, based on the acquired passing time period during which the preceding sheet was passing through the first sensor, an adjustment time period between a point of time when a leading end of the preceding sheet re-conveyed by the re-conveyance unit is detected based on the signal from the second sensor and a point of time when the subsequent sheet is to resume being fed from the predetermined position toward the image forming unit, by the sheet feeder, the adjustment time period being determined to be shorter as the acquired passing time period is shorter; and
control the sheet feeder to feed the subsequent sheet from the predetermined position toward the image forming unit with timing adjusted based on the calculated adjustment time period.

US Pat. No. 10,191,429

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING A DRUM CARTRIDGE HAVING A DETECTION GEAR

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a main casing comprising:
a driving source;
a first sheet passage sensor for detecting a sheet; and
a detecting sensor;
a drum cartridge detachably mounted on the main casing, the drum cartridge comprising:
a photosensitive drum being rotatable about a first axis extending in a first direction;
a first detection gear being rotatable by receiving driving force from the driving source; and
a first detection protrusion being rotatable together with the first detection gear, the first detection protrusion being arranged to contact the first sheet passage sensor; and
a developing cartridge detachably mounted on the drum cartridge, the developing cartridge comprising:
a developing roller;
a second detection gear being rotatable by receiving driving force from the driving source; and
a second detection protrusion being rotatable together with the second detection gear, the second detection protrusion being arranged to contact the detecting sensor,
wherein the drum cartridge further comprises a transmission gear configured to transmit driving force from the driving source to the first detection gear and to engage the first detection gear;
wherein the transmission gear is rotatable about a second axis extending in the first direction; and
wherein the first detection gear is rotatable about a third axis extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,427

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING CONTROL METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a high-voltage power supply to supply high-voltage electric power for charging;
a charging device to be charged by the electric power supplied from the high-voltage power supply;
a photoconductor to carry an image to be formed on a recording medium, with the electric power supplied from the charging device;
a temperature sensor disposed at a distance from the photoconductor to detect temperature inside the image forming apparatus;
a humidity sensor disposed at a distance from the photoconductor to detect humidity inside the image forming apparatus; and
circuitry to output a signal for commanding an electric power value to the high-voltage power supply to cause the high-voltage power supply to supply the electric power with the electric power value, and control supply of the electric power based on an electric power value feedback signal from the high-voltage power supply,
the circuitry being configured to
obtain a temperature difference between the detected temperature and an estimated temperature,
obtain a humidity difference between the detected humidity and an estimated humidity,
obtain at least one of a time required for the temperature difference to become equal to or less than a predetermined value, and one of a time required for the humidity difference to become equal to or less than a predetermined value, as a waiting time,
store the waiting time in a memory in a table format and a table of the table format includes a plurality of warning times, and
detect film thickness on a surface of the photoconductor after a target waiting time elapses.

US Pat. No. 10,191,421

FUSER AND IMAGE APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A fuser comprising:an endless belt;
a base member disposed inside a space surrounded by the endless belt;
a sheet member including:
a first section pinched between an inner surface of the endless belt and the base member;
a second section extending from an end of the first section; and
a third section extending from another end of the first section; and
a stationary member configured to pinch the second section and the third section of the sheet member with the base member, the stationary member having a claw configured to stick in the second section and the third section of the sheet member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,418

FIXATION APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMATION APPARATUS, METHOD OF CONTROLLING FIXATION APPARATUS, AND NON-TRANSITORY RECORDING MEDIUM STORING PROGRAM FOR CONTROLLING FIXATION APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A fixation apparatus configured to fix a toner image transferred to paper to the paper with heat, the fixation apparatus comprising:a rotatable belt;
a pressurization roller configured to be in contact with an outer circumferential surface of the belt and to rotate the belt;
a pressing member configured to face the pressurization roller with the belt being interposed therebetween and to press the belt against the pressurization roller;
a heating roller configured to provide heat to the paper which passes through a portion of contact between the belt and the pressurization roller by providing heat to the belt; and
an adjustment mechanism configured to adjust an amount of attachment of a lubricant to an inner circumferential surface of the belt,
wherein the adjustment mechanism includes:
a holding mechanism configured to hold the lubricant; and
an adjustment roller configured to be in contact with the lubricant and the inner circumferential surface of the belt and to rotate in a direction identical to the belt in a portion of contact with the inner circumferential surface of the belt,
wherein the adjustment mechanism is configured to adjust the amount of attachment of the lubricant to the inner circumferential surface of the belt such that an attached amount of the lubricant while the belt remains stopped is smaller than an attached amount of the lubricant during rotation of the belt,
wherein the adjustment mechanism recovers the lubricant attached to the inner circumferential surface of the belt before the belt stops rotation, and
wherein the adjustment roller supplies the lubricant to the inner circumferential surface of the belt by rotating faster than the belt and recovers the lubricant supplied to the inner circumferential surface of the belt by rotating slower than the belt.

US Pat. No. 10,191,415

TRANSFER ROTATOR AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS COMPRISING THE SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:at least one developing device to develop an electrostatic latent image to form a toner image;
an image bearer to bear the toner image formed by the at least one developing device;
a transfer rotator to transfer the toner image onto a recording medium at a transfer nip that is formed between the image bearer and the transfer rotator;
a blade contacting a surface of the transfer rotator; and
a controller to control the at least one developing device, the image bearer, and the transfer rotator to:
form a first toner pattern image on the image bearer, transfer the first toner pattern image onto the transfer rotator, and pass the first toner pattern image past the blade at least twice with rotation of the transfer rotator at start-up of the image forming apparatus, and
form a second toner pattern image on the image bearer after the start-up and during passage of a non-image area in which the toner image is not formed on the image bearer,
a range of the first toner pattern image being wider than a range of the second toner pattern image in a width direction perpendicular to a direction of travel of the image bearer.

US Pat. No. 10,191,413

TONER CARTRIDGE

GENERAL PLASTIC INDUSTRIA...

1. A toner cartridge for accommodating toners, the toner cartridge comprising:a barrel for accommodating the toners, the barrel having an end with an opening;
a transmission member rotatably disposed at the end of the barrel; and
a toner conveying shaft rotatably disposed inside the barrel and provided with a shaft portion and at least one scoop portion extending from the shaft portion in a way that the scoop portion conveys the toners from the barrel into the transmission member when the toner conveying shaft rotates relative to the barrel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,412

DEVELOPER SUPPLY CONTAINER AND DEVELOPER SUPPLYING SYSTEM HAVING PUMP OPERATED DEVELOPER DISCHARGE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A developer supply container comprising:a developer accommodating portion configured to accommodate developer;
a discharge opening provided in the developer accommodating portion and configured to permit discharging of the developer in the developer accommodating portion;
a driving force receiving portion configured and positioned to receive a driving force; and
a pump portion configured and positioned to act on the developer accommodating portion by the driving force received by the driving force receiving portion,
wherein the pump portion is configured to alternately change an internal pressure of the developer accommodating portion between a pressure lower than ambient pressure and a pressure higher than the ambient pressure to supply the developer along with air out of the developer accommodating portion through the discharge opening, which has an area of not more than 12.6 mm2.

US Pat. No. 10,191,410

DEVELOPING DEVICE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A developing device for use with an image forming apparatus, comprising:a developer carrying member being rotatable and configured to carry a developer for developing a latent image;
a supplying member, for supplying the developer to said developer carrying member, configured to be rotatable and to form a nip in contact with said developer carrying member;
an accommodating portion, provided below said supplying member in a state the developing device is mounted on the image forming apparatus for use, for accommodating the developer to be supplied from said supplying member to said developer carrying member;
a feeding member, provided in said accommodating portion, for feeding the developer accommodated in said accommodating portion to said supplying member;
a rotatable member, provided above said feeding member and located at a downstream side of the nip with respect to a rotational direction of said supplying member, for moving the developer toward the nip; and
a retaining portion for retaining the developer supplied to said supplying member,
wherein said supplying member rotates so that a surface thereof moves downward at the nip, and
wherein said rotatable member opposes said supplying member and is disposed in said retaining portion provided below the nip.

US Pat. No. 10,191,408

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND CARTRIDGE INCLUDING DETECTION GEAR

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A cartridge configured to accommodate a developing agent, the cartridge comprising:a detection gear rotatable about a first axis extending in a predetermined direction;
a first protrusion movable with rotation of the detection gear, wherein the at least one of the amount of the developing agent in the cartridge and the number of printable sheets by the developing agent in the cartridge is defined by motion of the first protrusion; and
a memory including a first storage region storing a first yield information representing the at least one of the amount of the developing agent in the cartridge and the number of printable sheets by the developing agent in the cartridge,
wherein the at least one of the amount of the developing agent and the number of printable sheets by the developing agent in the cartridge is confirmable based on both of the first yield information and motion of the first protrusion in response to rotation of the detection gear.

US Pat. No. 10,191,406

ROTATABLE MEMBER AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE ROTATABLE MEMBER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A rotatable member for use with a rotatable driving member provided in a process cartridge or an electrophotographic image forming apparatus, said rotatable member comprising:a hollow cylindrical rotation shaft engageable with the rotatable driving member,
wherein said rotation shaft includes a seam extending from one end to the other end thereof in an axial direction thereof,
wherein said rotation shaft includes a transmitting surface engaging with the driving member and configured to receive a driving force for rotating said rotation shaft about the axial direction, and
wherein said transmitting surface is twisted or inclined with respect to the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,405

ELECTROSTATIC CHARGING MEMBER

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A bias charging member comprising:a) a conductive core, and
b) an outer surface layer disposed on the conductive core, the outer surface layer comprising a hydroxyl terminated poly(oxetane) based fluorinated polyether and an aminoplast resin, wherein the hydroxyl terminated poly(oxetane) based fluorinated polyether is represented by:
wherein x is from about 1 to about 40, y is from about 1 to about 40, and a sum of x and y is from about 2 to about 80.

US Pat. No. 10,191,403

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a plurality of photosensitive members;
a light scanning apparatus configured to emit light beams scanning on surfaces of the plurality of photosensitive members, respectively, to form electrostatic latent images on the surfaces of the plurality of photosensitive members;
a plurality of developing devices configured to develop the electrostatic latent images formed on the surfaces of the plurality of photosensitive members with developers having respective colors to form a plurality of toner images;
an intermediate transfer member on which the plurality of toner images developed by the plurality of developing devices are transferred;
a pattern detector configured to detect a registration correction pattern included in the toner images transferred onto the intermediate transfer member; and
a controller configured to correct a color misregistration between toner images having respective colors on the intermediate transfer member, based on a detection result of the pattern detector,
wherein the light scanning apparatus includes:
a light source configured to emit the light beams;
a rotary polygon mirror configured to deflect the light beams emitted from the light source so that the light beams scan on the surfaces of the plurality of photosensitive members, respectively, to form the electrostatic latent images;
a motor configured to rotate the rotary polygon mirror;
a first pulse generation unit configured to generate a first pulse in synchronization with a rotation speed of the motor;
a second pulse generation unit configured to generate a second pulse by receiving a light beam deflected by the rotary polygon mirror;
a drive circuit board, to which the light source is attached, configured to drive the light source according to image data;
a housing configured to hold the polygon mirror and the motor therein; and
a temperature detector, disposed on the drive circuit board provided outside of the housing, configured to detect a temperature of the drive circuit board, and
wherein the controller
starts rotation of the rotary polygon mirror when a predetermined condition is satisfied in a state in which the rotary polygon mirror is stopped, and rotates the rotary polygon mirror at a predetermined rotation speed based on the first pulse in a first state in which the light beams are not emitted from the light source,
thereafter, starts emission of the light beams from the light source, switches a rotation control based on the first pulse to a rotation control based on the second pulse, and rotates the rotary polygon mirror at the predetermined rotation speed based on the second pulse in a second state in which the light beams are emitted from the light source, and
thereafter, detects a temperature of the drive circuit board by the temperature detector in response to input of an image formation start signal for starting image formation, and corrects color misregistration using a detected temperature of the temperature detector and the detection result of the pattern detector.

US Pat. No. 10,191,400

TONER FOR ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPMENT

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A toner for electrostatic charge image development, comprising toner base particles including at least a binder resin,having a volume resistivity of 1.0×1014 ?·cm or more at 25° C. with 50% RH by a temperature change method, and
having a volume resistivity of 1.0×1015 ?·cm or less at 67° C. by the temperature change method.

US Pat. No. 10,191,399

ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPING TONER, ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPER, AND TONER CARTRIDGE

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A mixed electrostatic charge image developing toner comprising:first toner particles comprising a binder resin and a colorant, and second toner particles comprising a binder resin,
wherein a content PCa of the colorant in the first toner particles is from 4% by weight to 20% by weight with respect to the first toner particles
a mixed weight ratio of the first toner particles and the second toner particles (weight of the first toner particles/weight of the second toner particles) is from 50/50 to 98/2,
an average circularity of the toner particles in at least one of the first or second toner particles is in a range of from 0.88 to 0.99, and
the second toner particles do not contain a colorant.

US Pat. No. 10,191,397

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An electrophotographic photosensitive member comprising a conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer, whereinthe photosensitive layer is a single-layer photosensitive layer,
the photosensitive layer contains a charge generating material, a hole transport material, an electron transport material, and a binder resin,
the binder resin contains a polyarylate resin,
a combination of the polyarylate resin and the hole transport material is either:
a combination of a polyarylate resin represented by a chemical formula (R-2) and a hole transport material represented by a chemical formula (HTM2-1); or
a combination of a polyarylate resin represented by a chemical formula (R-3) and a hole transport material represented by a chemical formula (HTM6-1),
the photosensitive layer has a scratch resistance depth of no greater than 0.50 ?m,
the photosensitive layer has a Vickers hardness of at least 17.0 HV,
the scratch resistance depth of the photosensitive layer is measured by a measurement method using a scratching apparatus,
the scratching apparatus includes a scratching stylus and a fixing table having an upper surface in a rectangular shape,
the scratching stylus has a hemispherical sapphire tip end having a diameter of 1 mm, and
the measurement method includes:
fixing the electrophotographic photosensitive member onto the upper surface of the fixing table such that a longitudinal direction of the electrophotographic photosensitive member is parallel to a longitudinal direction of the fixing table;
bringing the scratching stylus into perpendicular contact with a surface of the photosensitive layer;
forming a scratch on the surface of the photosensitive layer by the scratching stylus in a manner that the fixing table and the electrophotographic photosensitive member fixed on the upper surface of the fixing table are moved by 30 mm at a speed of 30 mm/minute while 10 g of a load is applied to the photosensitive layer through the scratching stylus in perpendicular contact with the surface of the photosensitive layer; and
measuring the scratch resistance depth that is a maximum depth of the scratch,

US Pat. No. 10,191,396

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, OBJECT POSITIONING SYSTEM AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus comprising:an object that is movable in at least one direction;
a temperature conditioning system configured to control a temperature of the object, wherein the temperature conditioning system comprises a conduit system configured to convey a fluid, wherein at least part of the conduit system is arranged on or in the object and wherein the at least part of the conduit system is sealed off on the object when controlling the temperature of the object or the conduit system further comprises a duct connected to the object to supply the fluid to the object;
a measurement system comprising a sensor to provide a measurement signal which is indicative of a pressure of the fluid at at least one location within the conduit system; and
a control system to control the movement of the object in the at least one direction under control of the measurement signal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,394

DISTORTION DETECTION METHOD, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, EXPOSURE METHOD, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method for obtaining a plurality of types of distortion components relating to a shot region of a substrate, implemented by a control unit included in an exposure apparatus configured to expose the substrate with light, the method comprising:obtaining, by the control unit, a first formula that expresses a shape of a substrate based on information about a warping shape of the substrate in a state where the substrate is not yet held by a chuck configured to hold the substrate and included in the exposure apparatus;
converting, by the control unit, the first formula into a second formula that expresses positional deviation amounts at a plurality of positions on a surface of the substrate held by the chuck;
calculating, by the control unit, the positional deviation amounts by using the second formula; and
obtaining, by the control unit, a plurality of types of distortion components relating to a shot region of the substrate, held by the chuck, based on the calculated positional deviation amounts,
wherein the chuck is held by a moving unit configured to be movable and included in the exposure apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,191,391

METROLOGY METHOD AND APPARATUS, COMPUTER PROGRAM AND LITHOGRAPHIC SYSTEM

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

6. A lithographic system comprising:a lithographic apparatus comprising:
an illumination optical system arranged to illuminate a pattern; and
a projection optical system arranged to project an image of the pattern onto a substrate; and
a metrology apparatus comprising:
an optical system comprising a sensor, the optical system configured to measure a target on a substrate by illuminating the target with radiation and, using the sensor, detecting the radiation scattered by the target; and
an array of lenses configured to form an image on the sensor, the image comprising a plurality of sub-images, such that each of the sub-images is formed by a corresponding one of the lenses,
wherein the optical system is further configured to:
measure intensity asymmetry in corresponding higher orders of the scattered measurement radiation from said sub-images; and
determine, from each of the measurements of intensity asymmetry, a local measurement of target asymmetry, and
wherein the lithographic apparatus is arranged to use the local measurement of target asymmetry in applying the pattern to further substrates.

US Pat. No. 10,191,390

METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING A MARK PATTERN TO A SUBSTRATE, A CALIBRATION METHOD, AND A LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method comprising:providing a reference substrate having a first mark pattern, with a first resist layer on the reference substrate, wherein the first resist layer has a minimal radiation dose needed for development of the first resist;
using a reference patterning device to impart a radiation beam with a second mark pattern in its cross-section to form a patterned radiation beam; and
exposing a target portion of the first resist layer of the reference substrate at least two times to the patterned radiation beam to create exposed areas in the target portion of the first resist layer in accordance with the second mark pattern that have been subjected to an accumulated radiation dose above the minimal radiation dose of the first resist layer, wherein the exposing is configured to position a resulting pattern in the first resist layer on the reference substrate closer to a desired position than would be the case with a single exposure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,388

EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exposure apparatus that exposes a substrate with illumination light via a projection optical system and liquid, the exposure apparatus comprising:a liquid immersion member provided to surround a plane-convex lens of a plurality of optical elements of the projection optical system, and to form a liquid immersion region with the liquid below the projection optical system, the plane-convex lens being located at a closest position to an image plane among the plurality of optical elements, the plane-convex lens having a planar surface, from which the illumination light is emitted, that is arranged to contact with the liquid;
a first stage system having a first holding member and a first drive system to move the first holding member in at least a first direction, the first direction being within a predetermined plane that is orthogonal to an optical axis of the projection optical system, the first holding member being arranged above the projection optical system and holding a mask that is illuminated with the illumination light, the first drive system having a first motor that drives the first holding member;
a detection system located away from the projection optical system at least in one sense of the first direction and to detect a mark of the substrate;
a second stage system having two second holding members and a second drive system to move the two second holding members in at least the first direction and a second direction, the second direction being within the predetermined plane and being orthogonal to the first direction, the two second holding members being arranged below the projection optical system and each configured to hold the substrate, the second drive system having a second motor that drives the two second holding members;
a measurement apparatus having a first measuring system to obtain positional information of the first holding member and having a second measuring system to obtain positional information of the two second holding members; and
a controller coupled to the first and second measuring systems and to the first and second drive systems, the controller being arranged to control the first and second drive systems based on measurement information of the first and second measuring systems such that, for an exposure process of the substrate via the projection optical system and the liquid of the liquid immersion region, an alignment process between the mask and the substrate is executed based on detection information of the detection system and such that a scanning exposure where the mask and the substrate are each moved relative to the illumination light is performed with the first direction being a scanning direction,
wherein, in a state in which one of the two second holding members is arranged opposite to the projection optical system, the controller controls the second drive system to move the other of the two second holding members in an opposite sense of the first direction so that the other of the two second holding members comes close to the one of the two second holding members, and
wherein, in a state in which the liquid immersion region is substantially maintained below the projection optical system, the controller controls the second drive system to move the close two second holding members in the opposite sense of the first direction relative to the liquid immersion member so that the other of the two second holding members is arranged opposite to the projection optical system in place of the one of the two second holding members.

US Pat. No. 10,191,387

REFLECTIVE MIRROR, PROJECTION OPTICAL SYSTEM, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A reflective mirror comprising:a base; and
a multilayer film configured to reflect at least a portion of incident light, the multilayer film including a first layer and a second layer that are laminated alternately on the base, the multilayer film having a periodic length defined as a sum of the thickness of the first layer and the thickness of the second layer,
wherein the base includes a first surface and a second surface, the first surface and the second surface formed with first and second height levels, respectively, relative to a surface of the multilayer film, wherein the first and second height levels are different from each other, and
wherein the multilayer film includes a first portion formed on the first surface and a second portion formed on the second surface, and further wherein the periodic length at the first portion is different from the periodic length at the second portion, and the periodic length at the first portion and the periodic length at the second portion are set such that a difference in reflectance between the first portion and the second portion is reduced, while the multilayer film is configured to reflect a portion of the incident light that is incident at a first angle on the first portion of the multilayer film, and reflect a portion of the incident light that is incident at a second angle on the second portion of the multilayer film, the second angle being different from the first angle.

US Pat. No. 10,191,382

ILLUMINATION SYSTEM FOR ILLUMINATING A MASK IN A MICROLITHOGRAPHIC EXPOSURE APPARATUS

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A system for illuminating a mask in a micro-lithographic projection exposure apparatus, the system comprising:a beam deflecting component, the beam deflecting component configured to produce an intensity distribution in a pupil surface of the system, the beam deflecting component comprising a beam deflection array of reflective or transparent beam deflecting elements, each beam deflecting element configured to illuminate a corresponding spot in the pupil surface having a position that can be varied by changing a deflection angle produced by the beam deflecting element;
one or more optical elements configured to illuminate the beam deflecting component;
one or more optical elements arranged between the beam deflecting component and the pupil surface, configured to direct light from the beam deflecting array to the pupil surface; and
a controller configured to supply control signals to the beam deflecting elements to vary the deflection angles, the controller being programmed to:
i) determine an arrangement of spots in the pupil surface that approximates a target intensity distribution;
ii) determine, for each of the beam deflecting elements, a function relating a position of the corresponding spot illuminated by the beam deflecting element in the pupil surface and the deflection angle produced by the beam deflecting element when illuminating the spot;
iii) determine, using the functions determined in ii), deflection angles for each of the beam deflecting elements to obtain the arrangement of spots; and
iv) supply the control signals to the beam deflecting elements such that the deflection angles determined in iii) are produced.

US Pat. No. 10,191,379

REMOVING PHOTORESIST FROM A WAFER

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. A method for removing photoresist off of a wafer, comprising:moving a wafer having a photoresist film into a bath of a process liquid in a process tank, with the process liquid removing the photoresist film from the wafer, and with some of the removed photoresist film comprising solids;
pumping process liquid from the process tank to a filter assembly having filter media;
moving the process liquid through the filter media, with the filter media filtering out the solids from the process liquid;
returning the filtered process liquid to the process tank;
scraping the filter media, by rotating a rotor within a filter chamber formed by the filter media, with the rotor having blades contacting the filter media, to move the filtered out solids to a collector in the filter assembly;
removing the filtered out solids from the collector; and
removing the wafer from the process tank.

US Pat. No. 10,191,375

RESIN COMPOSITION FOR UNDERLAYER FILM FORMATION, LAYERED PRODUCT, METHOD FOR FORMING PATTERN, IMPRINT FORMING KIT AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A resin composition for underlayer film formation, comprising:a resin having a group represented by General Formula (A) and at least one group selected from a group represented by General Formula (B), an oxiranyl group and an oxetanyl group;
a nonionic surfactant; and
a solvent:

in General Formulae (A) and (B), the wavy line represents a position connected to the main chain or side chain of the resin,
Ra1 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and
Rb1 and Rb2 each independently represent a group selected from an unsubstituted linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms and an unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms,
Rb3 represents a group selected from an unsubstituted linear or branched alkyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms and an unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, and
Rb2 and Rb3 may be bonded to each other to form a ring.

US Pat. No. 10,191,374

RESIST UNDERLAYER FILM-FORMING COMPOSITION

NISSAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIE...

1. A resist underlayer film-forming composition comprising a polymer having a structural unit of the following Formula (1):
wherein X is an arylene group, n is 1 or 2, and R1, R2, R3, and R4 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a hydroxy group, a C1-3 alkyl group, or a phenyl group, and a solvent.

US Pat. No. 10,191,372

POLYMER, POSITIVE RESIST COMPOSITION, AND PATTERN FORMING PROCESS

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A polymer comprising recurring units having the formula (a), recurring units having the formula (b), and recurring units having the formula (c), the polymer having a weight average molecular weight of 1,000 to 500,000,wherein R1 is halogen, a C1-C4 straight or branched alkyl group, C1-C4 straight or branched alkoxy group, or acetoxy group, R2 is an acid labile group, R3 and R4 are each independently halogen or a C1-C6 straight or branched alkyl group, p is 0 or 1, q and r are each independently an integer of 0 to 4.

US Pat. No. 10,191,369

COLORED COMPOSITION, CURED FILM, COLOR FILTER, COLOR-FILTER MANUFACTURING METHOD, SOLID-STATE IMAGING ELEMENT, IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE, POLYMER, AND XANTHENE DYE

FUJIFILM Corporation, Mi...

1. A colored composition comprising:a dye compound having
a dye structure having
a cationic moiety, and
an anionic moiety including at least one of a structure represented by the following General Formula (A1), a structure represented by the following General Formula (A2), and a structure containing a boron atom,
in which the anionic moiety and the cationic moiety are bonded to each other via a covalent bond and present in the same molecule; and
the anionic moiety has a structure in which at least anyone of a fluorine atom, an aliphatic hydrocarbon group containing a fluorine atom, and an aromatic hydrocarbon group containing a fluorine atom is directly bonded to at least one of R1 to R5 in the structure represented by the General Formula (A1) or the General Formula (A2) via a covalent bond;
a curable compound; and
a solvent;

in General Formula (A1), R1 and R2 each independently represent —SO2— or —CO—;

in General Formula (A2), R3 represents —SO2— or —CO—; R4 and R5 each independently represent —SO2—, —CO—, or —CN,
wherein the dye structure having a cationic moiety is a dye structure selected from the group consisting of a xanthene dye, a squarylium dye, and a dipyrromethene dye, and
in the case where the dye structure having a cationic moiety is the xanthene dye structure, the anionic moiety in the xanthene dye structure is represented by the General Formula (A1), and when the dye structure having a cationic moiety is the dipyrromethene dye, the anionic moiety in the dipyrromethene dye does not contain a boron atom.

US Pat. No. 10,191,368

MULTI-FIELD OVERLAY CONTROL IN JET AND FLASH IMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY

Board of Regents, The Uni...

1. A template, comprising:multiple lithography fields for imprinting at multiple locations simultaneously; and
multiple holes machined in unpatterned regions to reduce inter-field mechanical coupling and permit overlay control over said multiple lithography fields simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,191,364

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OMNIDIRECTIONAL IMAGE DISPLAY

360Brandvision, Inc., La...

1. A display system comprising:a plurality of image source surfaces each comprising a black translucent rear projection material disposed within a base frame, each of the black translucent rear projection materials having a top surface and a bottom surface and arranged to present an image;
an upper frame object comprising a plurality of display surfaces, wherein each one of the plurality of display surfaces is aligned with the top surface of one of the image source surfaces, thereby arranged to reflect one of the images so that content from the images is visible from all points along an arc extending around the object for more than 180° within a plane, wherein the display surfaces are provided by reflective polyethylene terephthalate foil mounted on the upper frame object;
a plurality of digital projectors mounted in the base frame, each one of the plurality of digital projectors oriented to project light onto the bottom surface of one of the image source surfaces; and
a cooling system including a fan mounted directly to the base frame and a heat sink mounted within the base frame, wherein the display surfaces and base frame containing the digital projectors and cooling system are pre-fabricated and configured to be transported in one piece.

US Pat. No. 10,191,363

PROJECTION-TYPE IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

MAXELL, LTD., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A projection-type image display apparatus comprising: a projection lens configured to magnify and project an optical image formed by a light source and an image display element, and a back surface side display configured to display a detail of an error of the projection-type image display apparatus and is attached to a back surface located opposite to a front surface of a housing of the projection-type image display apparatus to which the projection lens is attached, wherein a backlight of the back surface side display is configured to be turned off when an operation of the projection-type image display apparatus is in normal status and the backlight of the back surface side display is configured to be turned on when an error has occurred in the operation of the projection-type image display apparatus, wherein both a displayed content about the error displayed on the back surface side display and a method for displaying the error on the back surface side display are changed by a controller based on an installed orientation of the projection-type image display apparatus among a plurality of installed orientations including an installed orientation for being hung from a ceiling and an installed orientation for being placed on a table, wherein when an installed orientation of the projection-type image display apparatus is the installed orientation for being placed on a table, the back surface side display displays a detailed data about the error, in order for the detailed data to be viewed by a user at smaller distance away from the projection-type image display apparatus placed on a table than a user for the projection-type image display apparatus hung from a ceiling, and wherein when an installed orientation of the projection-type image display apparatus is the installed orientation for being hung from a ceiling, the back surface side display displays a type of the error in an enlarged manner, in order for the type of the error displayed in enlarged manner to be viewed by a user at more large distance away from the projection-type image display apparatus hung from a ceiling than a user for the projection-type image display apparatus placed on a table.

US Pat. No. 10,191,362

LIGHT SOURCE UNIT AND PROJECTOR

USHIO DENKI KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. A light source unit, comprising:a plurality of elemental light sources each including light emitting elements and drive circuits, the light emitting elements that emit light of an emission wavelength including a plurality of different wavelength bands, and the drive circuits respectively driving the light emitting elements;
an integrated control circuit that controls the drive circuits; and
band optical characteristic acquisition sections that receive light of an amount correlated with a total light amount of output luminous fluxes, acquire light emitting intensity indicating values correlated with light intensity for the respective different wavelength bands and acquire wavelength deviation indicating values correlated with deviation from a reference wavelength for one or more of the different wavelength bands, the output luminous fluxes being collection of light beams emitted from light emitting elements,
wherein the integrated control circuit at least intermittently acquires band optical characteristic acquisition data and generate the light emitting intensity indicating values and the wavelength deviation indicating values, the band optical characteristic acquisition data being generated by the band optical characteristic acquisition sections,
the integrated control circuit holds light emitting intensity indicating value target variation information, the light emitting intensity indicating value target variation information being used to reduce difference between color phase indicating values correlated with the integrated light color of the output luminous fluxes and target color phase indicating values by feedback control of the drive circuits, the feedback control being performed to reduce difference between the light emitting intensity indicating values and target light emitting intensity indicating values for the respective different wavelength bands, and the light emitting intensity indicating value target variation information being used for determination of variation of the light emitting intensity indicating values with respect to the target light emitting intensity indicating values for the respective different wavelength bands matched to each of assumed appearance modes of the wavelength deviation indicating values, and
the integrated control circuit determines the variation of the light emitting intensity indicating values for the respective different wavelength bands, in accordance with the light emitting intensity indicating value target variation information belonging to one appearance mode assumed on a basis of an actual mode of the generated wavelength deviation indicating values, out of the appearance modes of the wavelength deviation indicating values.

US Pat. No. 10,191,361

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE INCLUDING A LIGHT SOURCE SECTION TO ADJUST BRIGHTNESS AND PROJECTOR USING THE SAME

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A light source device, comprising:a light source section that emits visible excitation light;
a phosphor that emits fluorescent light by the excitation light emitted from the light source section; and
a color-changing section that picks up color light having a color different from that of the fluorescent light from the fluorescent light emitted from the phosphor, wherein
an emission timing of the fluorescent light in the phosphor is synchronized with a switching timing between the excitation light and the color light by the color-changing section, and
the light source section decreases brightness of the light source section in the switching timing between the excitation light and the color light by the color-changing section.

US Pat. No. 10,191,357

TRAIL CAMERA MOUNTING SYSTEM

1. A mounting system comprising:a support, the support comprising an anchoring means, which attaches the support to a surface, a support fitting, and a support releaseable capture means;
a utility bar, the utility bar comprising a utility bar fitting, a utility bar releaseable capture means, wherein the utility bar releaseable capture means are configured to engage and releaseably capture the support releasable capture means;
a pole, the pole comprising a pole fitting configured to complement the support fitting and the utility bar fitting, where said pole fitting engages the utility bar fitting to place the utility bar by connecting the utility bar releasable capture means to the support releasable capture means; whereby said pole fitting releases and is removed from said utility bar fitting while the connection between said utility bar releasable capture means and said support releasable capture means is maintained.

US Pat. No. 10,191,356

METHODS AND APPARATUS RELATING TO DETECTION AND/OR INDICATING A DIRTY LENS CONDITION

Light Labs Inc., Palo Al...

1. A method of operating a device including a plurality of at least three optical chains, the method comprising:capturing a first image using a first lens of a first optical chain;
capturing a second image using a second lens of a second optical chain;
capturing a third image using a third lens of a third optical chain;
performing a first comparison of said first image or a characteristic of said first image to the second image or a characteristic of said second image;
performing a second comparison, said second comparison being a comparison of said third image or a characteristic of said third image to another image or a characteristic of said another image, said another image being either the first image or the second image;
determining, based on at least one of said first and second comparisons, that a dirty camera lens condition exists, at least one of said first, second and third lenses having been determined to be dirty when said dirty camera lens condition exists, said at least one lens being a dirty lens;
associating dirty lens information with an image captured using said dirty lens; and
combining captured images to generate a composite image, the image captured using the dirty lens being treated differently during the image combining process used to generate the composite image than an image captured using a clean lens.

US Pat. No. 10,191,355

LIGHT ADJUSTING APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A light adjusting apparatus comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate arranged in parallel at a predetermined distance to define a space between the first substrate and the second substrate, each of the first substrate and the second substrate including an opening formed to pass light;
a rotary shaft member rotatable around a central axis of rotation perpendicular to the first substrate and the second substrate;
a light adjusting section rotatably movable with the rotary shaft member, the light adjusting section being configured to move between an insertion position located in an optical path of light passing through the opening and a retracted position retracted from the optical path as the rotary shaft member rotates, to adjust and output incident light incident from the opening, the light adjusting section being configured to be movable in an axial direction of the rotary shaft member with the rotary shaft member; and
a holding member configured to restrict rotation from at least one of the insertion position and the retracted position of the light adjusting section when the light adjusting section is located in a first region of the space, and allow the light adjusting section to rotate when the light adjusting section is located in a second region of the space, wherein the space is divided into the first region and the second region at different positions in the axial direction such that the first region is closer to the first substrate than the second substrate and the second region is closer to the second substrate than the first substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,354

MULTI-PARAMETER NONCOLLINEAR PHASE-MATCHING FOR HIGH-AVERAGE-POWER OPTICAL PARAMETRIC CHIRPED-PULSE AMPLIFIER

Shanghai Jiao Tong Univer...

1. A high-average-power optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) amplifier, comprisinga pump laser system on a first optical pathway, the pump laser system comprising an Nd:YVO4 laser oscillator-regenerative amplifier and an Nd:YAG boost amplifier that are sequentially arranged on the first optical pathway,
a beam splitter after the pump laser system;
a frequency-doubled convertor arranged on the first optical pathway after the beam splitter,
a frequency-tripled convertor arranged on the first optical pathway after the frequency-doubled convertor,
a reflector on the first optical pathway arranged after the frequency-tripled convertor,
a signal laser system on a second optical pathway, the signal laser system comprises a supercontinuum generator,
a stretcher on the second optical pathway after the signal laser system,
a nonlinear crystal amplifier, the nonlinear crystal amplifier having an optic pathway,
a pulse compressor arranged along the optical pathway after the nonlinear crystal amplifier,
an electronic phase-locking loop, and
a crystal oven encasing the nonlinear crystal amplifier,
wherein the pump laser system and the signal laser system are synchronized with the electronic phase-locking loop;
a pump laser beam is generated from the pump laser system, is frequency-doubled in the frequency-doubled convertor, and frequency-tripled in the frequency-tripled convertor;
a signal laser beam is generated from the signal laser system, passes through the stretcher, and is temporally chirped to form a chirped signal laser beam;
the chirped signal laser beam is amplified in the nonlinear crystal amplifier to form an amplified chirped signal laser beam, and the amplified chirped signal laser beam is compressed in the compressor;
energy flows from the pump laser beam into the signal laser beam during amplification in the nonlinear crystal amplifier inside the crystal oven;
by adjusting a direction of the reflector in the first optical pathway, the signal laser beam and the pump laser beam are intersected with a noncollinear angle in the nonlinear crystal amplifier; and
by adjusting the temperature of the crystal oven, the nonlinear crystal amplifier operates at a designated phase-matching temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,191,353

OPTICALLY TRIGGERED ELECTRICAL SWITCHES WITH FAST RECOVERY BASED ON NONLINEAR OPTICAL RESPONSE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An optical switch electrically activatable through received photon energy, the switch comprising:a substrate responsive to photon energy, where the photon energy forms an optical excitation signal;
a first electrode disposed on a first surface of the substrate;
a second electrode disposed on a second surface of the substrate; and
wherein the substrate includes a characteristic of two-photon absorption to enable electrical conduction through the substrate, the two-photon absorption being enhanced by deep energy levels located in a bandgap between conductance and valence bands of the substrate which are at least near resonant with the photon energy.

US Pat. No. 10,191,352

OPTICAL COMPONENT FOR MODULATING A LIGHT FIELD AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft z...

1. An optical component, being configured for modulating a light field incident on the optical component, wherein the light field has a predetermined center wavelength, comprisinga stack of refractive layers being arranged on a substrate, being made of materials having a third-order nonlinearity, and having alternatingly varying refractive indices (n), including a linear contribution (n0) and a non-linear contribution (n2), and determining reflectance and transmittance spectra of the optical component, wherein
the refractive layers are configured such that reflectance and transmittance of the optical component have a Kerr effect based dependency on the intensity (I) of the incident light field with n=n0+I·n2, wherein
the refractive layers are made of at least one of dielectric and semiconductor layers, and
the non-linear contribution (n2) is below 10?12 cm2/W, wherein the optical component has at least one of the following features:
the dielectric layers are made of at least one of Ta2O5, Nb2O5, HfO2, TiO2, ZrO2, Al2O3 and SiO2, and
the semiconductor layers are made of at least one of Ge, Si and ZnSe.

US Pat. No. 10,191,351

LENS PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel including a plurality of pixels configured to display an image; and
a lens panel disposed on the display panel and including a plurality of lenses when operating in a 3D mode,
wherein the lens panel is partitioned into a plurality of domains,
the lens panel comprises a first electrode, a second electrode, and an optical modulation layer, wherein the first electrode and the second electrode face each other and the optical modulation layer is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein the optical modulation layer includes liquid crystal molecules forming the lenses,
the first electrode comprises first openings and the second electrode comprises second openings, and
at least one of a first opening, of the first openings, and a second opening, of the second openings, has a shape corresponding to a shape of a plurality of unit figures overlapping each other at their edges.

US Pat. No. 10,191,350

WAVEGUIDE MODULATORS STRUCTURES

Rockley Photonics Limited...

1. A Mach-Zehnder waveguide modulator comprising:a left arm including a left SiGe optical waveguide, and a right arm including a right SiGe optical waveguide;
wherein each of the left and right optical waveguides comprises a PIN junction region and a plurality of electrodes for providing a bias across the PIN junction to enable control of the phase of light travelling through the respective PIN junction region via dispersion;
wherein each of the PIN junctions is formed from:
a first semiconductor region corresponding to either a p-doped region or an n-doped region;
a second semiconductor region corresponding to the other of the p-doped or n-doped region; and
a central SiGe waveguide region;
wherein the first semiconductor region of the left optical waveguide is integral with the first semiconductor region of the right optical waveguide in a region between the left and right arms, forming a common doped region; and
the plurality of electrodes is configured to apply a forward bias across one or both of the PIN junctions.

US Pat. No. 10,191,349

REFLECTIVE DISPLAY APPARATUS

Alpine Electronics, Inc.,...

1. A reflective display apparatus comprising:an image display panel;
an electrochromic panel disposed adjacent to a display side of the image display panel;
a half mirror disposed between the image display panel and the electrochromic panel;
a controller that controls the image display panel and the electrochromic panel; and,
a photodetector that senses external light;
wherein when the photodetector senses a light intensity below a predetermined value, the controller performs first control to drive the image display panel without applying a voltage across electrodes of the electrochromic panel; and,
wherein when the photodetector senses a light intensity at or above the predetermined value, the controller performs second control to apply the voltage across the electrodes of the electrochromic panel without driving the image display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,348

ELECTRO-OPTIC ELEMENT

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. An electrochromic element comprising:a first substrate having first and second surfaces;
a second substrate having third and fourth surfaces, the second and third surfaces disposed in a parallel and spaced-apart relationship such to form a gap therebetween;
a sealing material circumferentially disposed along a perimeter of the third surface to affix the second and third surfaces together to form a chamber therebetween; and
an electro-chromic medium in the chamber,
wherein the second surface comprises a transparent electrode layer,
wherein the third surface comprises a reflective electrode layer,
wherein the reflective electrode layer comprises a first patterned opening for a glare sensor, the opening comprising a Normalized Percent Full Scale Transmittance (%), of greater than 75% within 20 seconds of a clearing state of the electro-chromic medium in the chamber, and
further wherein the cleaning state is a shorted state between the electrode layers.

US Pat. No. 10,191,347

CHOLESTERIC LIQUID CRYSTAL CELL WITH INCREASED REFLECTIVITY

NEXTER SYSTEMS, Roanne (...

1. A reflecting cell comprising at least two substrates each covered by an electrode and facing each other, a volume being delimited between the substrates, the volume separating the substrates and is the volume being filled with a cholesteric liquid crystal-type material, both electrodes being connected to a voltage source, wherein the cell comprises at least one half-wave plate arranged between both substrates and dividing the volume into two compartments, each enclosing a portion of the cholesteric liquid crystal-type material, and the reflecting cell has a 100% reflection coefficient during a planar state of the reflecting cell,wherein each face of the half-wave plate is covered by a deposit of an optically transparent and conducting material, each of the deposits being connected to the voltage source, such that an electrical field can be set between each substrate and the half-wave plate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,346

BLUE PHASE LIQUID CRYSTAL MODULES, BLUE PHASE LIQUID CRYSTAL DEVICES, AND THE MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A blue phase liquid crystal module, comprising:an up substrate;
a down substrate opposite to the up substrate;
blue phase liquid crystals between the up substrate and the down substrate;
the down substrate comprising at least one insulation layer having a wave-shaped structure with respect to the up substrate and the down substrate, the down substrate comprising a reflective layer to divide the down substrate into a transmission area and a reflective area, the reflective layer being arranged in a portion of the down substrate, pixel electrodes and common electrodes are arranged alternately at valleys and at peaks of the wave-shaped insulation layer, and the blue phase liquid crystals are driven by at least one slant electrical field generated between the pixel electrode and the common electrode; wherein the insulation layer is of a saw-tooth-shaped structure, the common electrode is V-shaped and is arranged at the valley of the wave-shaped insulation layer, and the pixel electrode is inverse-V-shaped and is arranged at the peak of the wave-shaped insulation layer, an included angle between a saw-tooth edge of the insulation layer within the transmission area and the down substrate is smaller than the included angle between the saw-tooth edge of the insulation layer within the reflective area and the down substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,345

DISPLAY DEVICE

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A display device, comprising:a first substrate comprising a display region and a peripheral region, wherein the peripheral region is adjacent to the display region;
a first transistor disposed on the peripheral region, wherein the first transistor comprises a first semiconductor layer;
a second transistor disposed on the display region, wherein the second transistor comprises a second semiconductor layer;
a first insulating layer disposed under the first semiconductor layer;
wherein a thickness of the first insulating layer is greater than or equal to 200 nm and less than or equal to 500 nm;
wherein the first semiconductor layer is a silicon semiconductor layer, and the second semiconductor layer is an oxide semiconductor layer
a first buffer layer disposed on the first substrate, a second buffer layer disposed on the first buffer layer, a third buffer layer disposed on the second buffer layer, and a fourth buffer layer disposed on the third buffer layer and below the first insulating layer; wherein the first buffer layer, the third buffer layer and the first insulating layer respectively comprise comprises silicon oxide, and the second buffer layer and the fourth buffer layer respectively comprises silicon nitride.

US Pat. No. 10,191,344

ACTIVE MATRIX SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An active matrix substrate comprising:a plurality of gate lines that extend in a first direction in a display region;
a plurality of source lines that extend in a second direction in the display region, the second direction being different from the first direction;
pixel switching elements provided for pixels, respectively, in the display region and are connected to the gate lines and the source lines, the pixels being defined by the gate lines and the source lines;
a plurality of gate line driving circuits that are provided in the display region, in correspondence to each of the gate lines to control a potential thereof; and
a control signal line that supplies a control signal from outside the display region to the gate line driving circuits,
wherein each of the gate line driving circuits includes a plurality of driving switching elements for switching ON/OFF according to the control signal, and a capacitor that is connected to at least one of the driving switching elements,
at least part of the driving switching elements and the capacitor are arranged at positions closer to, not the gate line corresponding to the gate line driving circuit that includes the driving switching elements, but another gate line that is other titan the corresponding gate line, and
the another gate line is arranged between the at least part of the driving switching elements and the capacitor, and the gate line corresponding to the gate line driving circuit that includes the driving switching elements.

US Pat. No. 10,191,343

DEVICE AND PROCESS FOR FORMING LASER PULSES

Centre National de la Rec...

1. A device for shaping laser pulses comprising:an input for a pulsed laser beam;
a spatial phase modulator, arranged on the path of said input pulsed laser beam to be illuminated thereby, the input pulsed laser beam having undergone no spectral dispersion prior to illumination of the spatial phase modulator;
a computer programmed for configuring said spatial phase modulator so as to emulate a diffraction grating having a diffraction efficiency which varies along a spatial direction identified by the intersection of the surface of the modulator with the diffraction plane; and
a spatial filter for a light beam diffracted by said grating;
whereby a laser pulse at the input of the device is converted into a train of individual output pulses exhibiting temporal intensity modulation, said diffraction grating being a blazed grating having lines whose blaze angle varies along said spatial direction, wherein at least some said lines have, relative to a periodic arrangement, an offset in the diffraction plane (xz) of the grating introducing a phase shift of the corresponding individual pulses, said offset being made both in said spatial direction (s) and in a direction perpendicular (x) to the plane of the grating; and
wherein the spatial phase modulator is tilted with respect to an incident direction of the input pulsed laser beam in such a way that said incident direction and the direction perpendicular to the plane of the grating lie in the diffraction plane.

US Pat. No. 10,191,342

DISPLAY PANEL

Sakai Display Products Co...

1. A display panel comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of pixel electrodes, which are disposed on the substrate in the form of a matrix, and are configured to display an image;
transistors of which drain electrodes are connected to the plurality of pixel electrodes, respectively;
a plurality of gate wirings which are arranged on the substrate along a first direction of the matrix, and are respectively connected to gate electrodes of the transistors to supply a gate signal;
a plurality of source wirings which are arranged on the substrate along a second direction crossing the first direction, and are respectively connected to source electrodes of the transistors to supply a data signal;
a plurality of first wirings, which are arranged on the substrate along the first direction;
a plurality of second wirings, which are arranged on the substrate along the second direction, and are respectively connected with the plurality of first wirings;
at least one third wiring, which is arranged on the substrate along the first direction, and is connected with the plurality of second wirings to supply a predetermined signal to the plurality of first wirings through the plurality of second wirings;
a fourth wiring, which is arranged on the substrate along the second direction in a peripheral area surrounding an area in which the plurality of pixel electrodes are arranged, and is overlapped on the plurality of first wirings;
an insulating film configured to insulate the plurality of second wirings and the fourth wiring from the plurality of first wirings and the at least one third wiring; and
a plurality of capacitor parts,
wherein one end of each of the plurality of capacitor parts is connected to each of the plurality of pixel electrodes and the other end of each of the plurality of capacitor parts is connected to each of the plurality of first wirings, and
the plurality of first wirings and the fourth wiring are not short-circuited.

US Pat. No. 10,191,341

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DISPLAY DEVICE

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A display device comprising:a thin film transistor;
a protective film formed on the thin film transistor;
a common electrode formed on the protective film;
a pixel electrode opposite to the common electrode, wherein
the common electrode has an opening enclosed by the common electrode,
the protective film has a first hole and a second hole formed in a same layer, and
the opening overlaps the first hole and the second hole in plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,191,340

DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A curved display panel, comprising:a first substrate, a second substrate, and a display medium located between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a plurality of scan lines and data lines, located on the first substrate, wherein the scan lines and the data lines are interlaced with each other;
a plurality of pixel structures, located on the first substrate, wherein each pixel structure is connected to one of the scan lines and one of the data lines, each pixel structure comprises an active device and a pixel electrode, and each active device comprises a gate, a channel layer, a source, and a drain;
a plurality of color filter patterns, arranged on the first substrate, wherein the color filter patterns are disposed corresponding to the pixel structures;
a plurality of shielding patterns, arranged on the first substrate, wherein the shielding patterns are disposed parallel to the data lines, gaps are provided between the shielding patterns and the scan lines, and the shielding patterns are disposed corresponding to junctions of two adjacent color filter patterns; and
a plurality of filling structures, arranged on the first substrate, wherein the filling structures are disposed corresponding to the gaps, and each filling structure is a multi-layer structure comprising a first layer and a second layer;
wherein all of the second layer, the source, and the drain comprise a first material, and both the first layer and the channel layer comprise a second material.

US Pat. No. 10,191,339

BOA LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL BASED ON IGZO-TFT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method for manufacturing a BOA liquid crystal panel based on an IGZO-TFT, comprising steps of:(1) forming a black matrix, which comprises:
forming a copper film on a substrate,
oxidizing the copper film to obtain a copper oxide film, and
patterning the copper oxide film and exposing an opening area to obtain a black matrix pattern;
(2) forming a gate, which comprises forming a gate film on the black matrix pattern, and then exposing the gate film to radiation to obtain a gate pattern, wherein the gate film is formed by physical vapor deposition, and the gate pattern is obtained by subjecting the gate film to exposure and to dry etching, and the gate pattern is made of copper;
(3) forming a gate insulator, which comprises forming a gate insulator film on the resulting structure of step (2) to form a gate insulator film;
(4) forming a source and a drain, which comprises forming a source film and a drain film on a part of the gate insulator film which covers the gate pattern, and then exposing the source and the drain film to obtain a source and a drain pattern;
(5) forming IGZO, which comprises forming a IGZO film on a part of the gate insulator film which covers the gate pattern and is between the source and the drain to obtain an IGZO pattern;
(6) forming a passivation, which comprises forming a passivation film on the resulting structure of step (5), and forming a contact hole passing through the passivation film on the source and the drain;
(7) forming R/G/B color resist, which comprises coating the resulting structure of step (6) except the contact hole, with R/G/B color resist, and exposing the coating to radiation to obtain a desired pattern; and
(8) forming ITO, which comprises covering the contact hole and the opening area with an ITO film, and exposing the ITO film to radiation to obtain an ITO pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,191,337

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a first display panel that displays a color image, the first display panel including a plurality of transmission sections each of which transmits light having a predetermined color; and
a second display panel that displays a black-and-white image, wherein
each of the first display panel and the second display panel includes a plurality of pixels, the plurality of pixels being defined by two source lines adjacent to each other and two gate lines adjacent to each other in plan view,
the plurality of pixels of the first display panel include a first pixel corresponding to a first transmission section transmitting light having first color, a second pixel corresponding to a second transmission section transmitting light having second color, and a third pixel corresponding to a third transmission section transmitting light having third color,
the plurality of pixels of the second display panel include a fourth pixel overlapping the first pixel and a fifth pixel overlapping the second pixel and the third pixel, and
an area of the fourth pixel is different from an area of the fifth pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,336

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE THAT AVOIDS INFLUENCE ON IMAGE QUALITY DUE TO RESIDUAL IONS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate,
a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the first substrate and the second substrate,
the first substrate having; scanning lines extending in a first direction and arranged in a second direction,
videos signal lines arranged to cross the scanning lines,
a pixel area surrounded by the scanning lines and the video signal lines, and
a pixel electrode formed in the pixel area,
wherein the first substrate has conductive wirings between the video signal line and the liquid crystal layer in cross sectional view, at least an organic insulating film is formed between the conductive wiring and the video signal line,
the conductive wirings are formed over the video signal lines in a plan view,
a width in the first direction of one of the conductive wirings is larger than a width in the first direction of one of the video signal lines,
the one conductive wiring has edges on both sides extending in the second direction,
the one video signal line has edges on both sides extending in the second direction, and
an amount of the one conductive wiring that extends beyond the edges of the one video signal line to the edges of the one conductive wiring in a plan view is essentially the same on both sides of the one video signal line.

US Pat. No. 10,191,335

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND MOTHER SUBSTRATE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display panel comprising:a TFT substrate,
a counter substrate facing the TFT substrate through a sealing member,
a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between the TFT substrate and the counter substrate, and
a plurality of spacers formed on the counter substrate,
wherein
the TFT substrate has a first region, which is surrounded by the sealing member and overlapping with the liquid crystal layer, and a second region, which is not surrounded by the sealing member and not overlapping with the liquid crystal layer,
a first layer structure has a laminated structure of at least three layers, which includes a first layer made of a transparent conductive layer,
the first layer structure is formed in the first region of the TFT substrate at a position facing one or more spacers of the plurality of spacers,
a second layer structure, having at least the same laminated structure as the first layer structure, is provided in the second region of the TFT substrate at a position facing one or more spacers of the plurality of spacers, and
the first layer of the first layer structure is electrically separated from the first layer of the second layer structure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,331

MASK AND METHOD OF FABRICATING DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE MASK

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A method of fabricating a display device, the method comprising:forming a first gate electrode, a second gate electrode and a third gate electrode on a first substrate;
forming a gate insulating layer on the first gate electrode, the second gate electrode and the third gate electrode;
coating a semiconductor material on the gate insulating layer;
coating a conductive material on the semiconductor material to form a conductive layer;
coating a photoresist on the conductive layer;
disposing a mask over the photoresist;
irradiating light to the mask to perform selective light exposure on the photoresist;
patterning the photoresist; and
patterning the semiconductor material and the conductive layer using the patterned photoresist,
wherein the mask comprises:
a base substrate; and
a light shielding pattern comprising a light transmitting portion and a light shielding portion on the base substrate, and
the light shielding portion comprises:
a first source electrode portion;
a first drain electrode portion spaced apart from the first source electrode portion;
a second source electrode portion connected to the first source electrode portion;
a second drain electrode portion spaced apart from the second source electrode portion;
a third source electrode portion connected to the second drain electrode portion;
a third drain electrode portion spaced apart from the third source electrode portion, the third drain electrode portion including at least a portion parallel to the third source electrode portion;
a first auxiliary light shielding portion at an end portion of the third source electrode portion; and
a second auxiliary light shielding portion at an end portion of the third drain electrode portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,329

REFLECTIVE LIGHT CONTROL FILM AND DISPLAY DEVICE FOR A CAR COMPRISING THE SAME

DONGWOO FINE-CHEM CO., LT...

1. A reflective light control film comprising:a transparent film having one surface and the other surface opposite to the one surface, a plurality of protruded line patterns formed on the one surface, each of the plurality of protruded line patterns including a first side having an inclination angle with respect to the one surface and a second side;
a light reflection layer provided on the first side, the light reflection layer having a first surface being in contact with the first side and a second surface opposite to the first surface; and
a light shielding layer disposed directly on the second surface of the light reflection layer,
wherein the second side is transparent, and
light incident on the other surface is reflected by the first surface of the light reflection layer, and then shielded by an adjacent light shielding layer.

US Pat. No. 10,191,327

EDGE-LIT TYPE BACKLIGHT MODULE, DISPLAY AND LIGHT GUIDE PLATE

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. An edge-lit type backlight module, comprising:at least two light guide plates disposed to be overlapped, each of the light guide plates respectively comprising a light-emitting surface, a bottom surface and at least one light incident surface, the bottom surface of the light guide plate on an upper layer and the light-emitting surface of the light guide plate on a lower layer disposed opposite;
a plurality of light sources, respectively disposed on the light incident surface of each of the light guide plates, and disposed to be mutually independent;
in travel directions of light of the light sources, each of the light guide plates disposed with light-emitting regions and total reflection regions disposed alternately, the light emitted from the light sources totally reflected in the total reflection regions; the light-emitting regions of each of the light guide plates and the total reflection regions of the adjacent light guide plate(s) disposed opposite.

US Pat. No. 10,191,325

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL THEREOF

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

5. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising a plurality of pixel units, a first substrate and a second substrate, which are oppositely spaced and located, and a liquid crystal layer sandwiched in between, wherein:each pixel unit comprises staggered reflecting regions and transmitting regions;
a side of the first substrate adjacent to the liquid crystal layer comprises a pixel electrode and a reflective layer, and the pixel electrode corresponds to the transmitting region, and the reflective layer corresponds to the reflecting region; wherein the pixel electrode and the reflective layer are arranged in a same plane on the side of the first substrate adjacent to the liquid crystal layer;
a side of the second substrate adjacent to the liquid crystal layer comprises a common electrode, and the common electrode corresponds to the reflecting region and the transmitting region;
wherein the pixel unit only applies voltages to the pixel electrode corresponding to the transmitting region and to the common electrode without applying voltages to the reflective layer of the reflecting region having no electrode therein to achieve transflective display of the liquid crystal display panel, and both the liquid crystal layer in the transmitting region and the liquid crystal layer in the reflecting region are vertically orientated when no voltage is applied to diminish a dark-state light leakage to promote a display contrast.

US Pat. No. 10,191,324

REFLECTIVE LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

21. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a first substrate opposing a second substrate;
a data line on the first substrate and extending along a first direction;
a gate line on the first substrate and extending along a second direction which intersects the first direction;
a reflection layer on a same layer as the data line and spaced apart from the data line;
a color filter layer on the reflection layer and the data line; and
a pixel electrode on the color filter layer, wherein the color filter layer includes a first color filter and a second color filter adjacent to the first color filter, and wherein an edge portion at which the first color filter and the second color filter directly contact each other is between the reflection layer and the data line.

US Pat. No. 10,191,323

DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

9. A display device, comprising:a substrate including a red pixel area, a green pixel area, a blue pixel area, and a white pixel area;
a gate line and a data line on the substrate;
a thin film transistor connected to each of the gate line and the data line;
a first insulating layer on the gate line, the data line, and the thin film transistor;
a second insulating layer on the first insulating layer, the second insulating layer having apertures in the red pixel area, the green pixel area, and the blue pixel area, respectively;
a reflective layer on the first insulating layer and the second insulating layer, the reflective layer being in the red pixel area, the green pixel area, and the blue pixel area;
a color filter in each of the apertures;
an opaque pixel electrode in the white pixel area; and
a transparent pixel electrode on each color filter and the second insulating layer, the transparent pixel electrode being connected to the thin film transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,322

DISPLAY AND ELECTRONIC UNIT

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display comprising:a reflective display panel; and
an optical laminate disposed on the display panel, the optical laminate including a plurality of anisotropic scattering films including at least:
a first film that has a first transmittance in a first scattering central axis direction of the first film when light enters the first film in the first scattering central axis direction; and
a second film that has a second transmittance in a second scattering central axis direction of the second film when light enters the second film in the second scattering central axis direction,
wherein the first transmittance is higher than a transmittance of the first film when light enters the first film in a direction different from the first scattering central axis direction,
wherein the second transmittance is higher than a transmittance of the second film when light enters the second film in a direction different from the second scattering central axis direction, and
wherein the first transmittance is at least four times the second transmittance.

US Pat. No. 10,191,317

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel including a substrate provided with a display functional layer, and a polarizing plate, the display panel having sides along a first direction and a second direction;
an illuminator configured to output light to the display panel;
a frame that surrounds sides of the illuminator;
a protrusion included in the frame, the protrusion protruding toward the substrate and having a width in the first direction;
an adhesive member through which the substrate is bonded at a top of the protrusion of the frame, the adhesive member having a width in the first direction,
wherein
the polarizing plate is provided on a surface of the substrate to which the frame is bonded, and is arranged on an inner side of the frame than the adhesive member in planar view, and
the width of the adhesive member is smaller than the width of the protrusion which the adhesive member is in direct contact with.

US Pat. No. 10,191,314

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a display panel;
a backlight unit; and
an accommodation member which accommodates the display panel and the backlight unit,
wherein the accommodation member comprises:
a bottom part defining a bottom surface of the accommodation member, at which a plurality of bottom holes is defined; and
a plurality of side surface parts which is connected to the bottom part and defines outermost side surfaces of the accommodation member,
wherein each of the side surface parts comprises:
a vertical part extending upward with respect to the bottom part; and
a horizontal part extending horizontally with respect to the bottom part and connected to a lower portion of the vertical part, a plurality of side surface holes defined in the horizontal part,
wherein a position where the side surface parts are connected to the bottom part varies based on sizes of the display panel and the backlight unit, and
wherein the position of the side surface parts define the outermost side surfaces defining the accommodation member and extend outwardly beyond an edge defining the bottom part of the accommodation member,
and wherein the plurality side surface holes are aligned with a portion of the bottom holes, which is determined based on the sizes of the display panel and the backlight unit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,310

POWER CONVERSION CIRCUIT FOR SWITCHING VIEWING ANGLE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

INFOVISION OPTOELECTRONIC...

1. A power conversion circuit, comprising an input terminal, an output terminal, a switching unit, an isolating unit, an output unit, a first power supply, a second power supply, and a third power supply; whereinthe switching unit is connected to the input terminal, the isolating unit, the output unit, the first power supply, and the second power supply;
the isolating unit is connected to the output terminal, the switching unit, and the output unit;
the output unit is connected to the switching unit, the isolating unit, and the third power supply;
when the input terminal is provided with a low level voltage, the switching unit is switched on, the voltage of the second power supply is provided as a first DC voltage to the output terminal via the switching unit and the isolating unit;
when the input terminal is provided with a high level voltage, the switching unit is switched off, the voltage of the third power supply is provided as a second DC voltage to the output terminal via the output unit and the isolating unit, wherein the second DC voltage is higher than the first DC voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,191,304

ELECTRONIC EYEGLASSES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING

Mitsui Chemicals, Inc., ...

1. An electronic eyewear, comprising:a temple;
an electronic lens;
a first electronic module and a second electronic module disposed in the temple;
a tube made of heat resistant materials and disposed in the temple; and
an electrical conductor inserted into the tube, wherein the electronic lens and the first electronic module are electrically connected to each other, and wherein the first electronic module is electrically connected to the second electronic module by the electrical conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,301

CORNEAL REMODELLING CONTACT LENSES AND METHODS OF TREATING REFRACTIVE ERROR USING CORNEAL REMODELLING

Brien Holden Vision Insti...

1. A contact lens for treating an eye with myopia, the contact lens comprising:an optic zone having a refractive first power, which corrects distance vision of the eye, the optic zone comprising a central zone and an outer zone surrounding the central zone, and
a structural profile to effect flattening remodeling of the cornea of the eye when the contact lens is fitted to the eye,
wherein the central zone has an increased thickness relative to the outer zone, the increased thickness providing at least part of said structural profile to effect flattening remodelling of the cornea; and
wherein the central optic zone has a positive differential power of between 0.5 D and 4.0 D, which is positive relative to the first power.

US Pat. No. 10,191,299

ZONE EXTENSION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

AMO Development, LLC, Sa...

1. A method of performing a prescriptive treatment on an optical system of a patient, through use of a computer, the method comprising:inputting an original normalized Zernike expansion coefficient for the optical system, the original normalized Zernike expansion coefficient associated with a first pupil dimension;
calculating a modified normalized Zernike expansion coefficient for the optical system, the modified normalized Zernike expansion coefficient associated with a second pupil dimension, the second pupil dimension greater than the first pupil dimension;
determining a treatment for the optical system of the patient based on the modified normalized Zernike expansion coefficient, wherein the modified normalized Zernike expansion coefficient is calculated based on the original normalized Zernike expansion coefficient scaled by a scaling factor, the scaling factor comprising a ratio of the second pupil dimension to the first pupil dimension, the ratio raised to the power of a factor comprising a radial degree of the coefficient; and
performing the prescriptive treatment according to the treatment determined, wherein the prescriptive treatment comprises a member selected from the group consisting of an intraocular lens treatment, a contact lens treatment, and a refractive laser treatment.

US Pat. No. 10,191,297

TILT ADJUSTING METHOD FOR MOVABLE BODY

NIDEC SANKYO CORPORATION,...

1. A tilt adjusting method for a movable body in a unit with a shake correction function comprising a movable body, a fixed body provided with a support mechanism structured to swingably support the movable body, a shake correction drive mechanism structured to swing the movable body with respect to the fixed body, and an elastic support member which connects the movable body with the fixed body, the tilt adjusting method for the movable body comprising:a first process comprising setting a state that a force having a component on an opposite direction to a driving force of the shake correction drive mechanism is acted on the movable body;
a second process comprising adjusting the driving force so that a tilt direction of the movable body is substantially coincided with a target direction; and
a third process comprising connecting the movable body with the fixed body through the elastic support member in a state that the tilt direction of the movable body is substantially coincided with the target direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,294

THREE DIMENSIONAL VIRTUAL AND AUGMENTED REALITY DISPLAY SYSTEM

Magic Leap, Inc., Planta...

1. A three-dimensional image visualization system, comprising:an integrated module comprising:
a selectively transparent projection device configured to receive input image light and project an image associated with the input image light toward an eye of a viewer from a projection device position in space relative to the eye of the viewer, the projection device being capable of assuming a substantially transparent state when no image is projected; and
a diffraction element configured to divide the input image light into a plurality of modes, each of the plurality of modes directed at a different angle,
wherein the selectively transparent projection device is configured to allow a first mode of the plurality of modes to exit the selectively transparent projection device toward the eye, the first mode having a simulated focal distance based in part on a selectable geometry of the diffraction element, and
wherein the selectively transparent projection device is configured to trap at least a second mode of the plurality of modes within the selectively transparent projection device; and
an occlusion mask device coupled to the projection device and configured to selectively block light traveling toward the eye from one or more positions opposite of the occlusion mask from the eye of the viewer in an occluding pattern correlated with the image projected by the projection device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,293

GRATING CONTROLLING METHOD AND APPARATUS, GRATING, DISPLAY PANEL, AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL (3D) DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A grating controlling method for achieving three-dimensional (3D) displaying, in which a grating cooperates with a display panel used for outputting left-eye images and right-eye images to achieve the 3D displaying, the grating controlling method comprising:obtaining a current position of an eye of an observer who is observing 3D images;
calculating a distance S between the current position and a base position in a direction parallel to a connection line of the left-eye and the right-eye of the observer, wherein the grating comprises an original slit position and the base position is a position when the left-eye images are observed by the left-eye of the observer through the original slits and the right-eye images are observed by the right-eye of the observer through the original slits simultaneously; and
adjusting slit positions of the grating according to the current position, so as to enable the left-eye images to be observed by the left-eye of the observer through the adjusted slits, while to enable the right-eye images to be observed by the right-eye of the observer through the adjusted slits,
wherein the grating is a liquid crystal grating, and adjusting the slit positions of the grating according to the current position comprises:
adjusting the slit positions of the grating on the basis of the original slit position, according to the distance S,
wherein adjusting the slit positions of the grating on the basis of the original slit position, according to the distance S comprises:
determining a corresponding value t, when the distance S is within the following value range

where t=0, 1, 2, . . . n, m?N, I is an interpupillary distance of human eyes, and n is a number of grating elements corresponding to a width of one slit of the liquid crystal grating;
determining a moving direction from the base position to the current position; and
enabling the slit position of the grating to move by t grating elements in the moving direction from the base position to the current position.

US Pat. No. 10,191,292

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR LIGHT MODULATION

Carl Zeiss Microscopy Gmb...

1. A modulation device for modulating a light beam, comprising:a spectral splitter to split an input light beam into at least two partial light beams having different spectral ranges,
a spatial light modulator,
an optical device to direct the at least two partial light beams to different locations of the spatial light modulator,
wherein the spatial light modulator is configured to modulate the at least two partial light beams,
wherein the optical device is further configured to direct the at least two partial light beams after modulation from the spatial light modulator to the spectral splitter, wherein the spectral splitter is further configured to combine the at least two partial light beams after modulation to form an output light beam,
wherein at least two of the at least two partial light beams pass through the modulation device in mutually opposite directions; and
wherein the optical device comprises a first mirror and a second mirror, wherein the at least two partial light beams comprise a first partial light beam and a second partial light beam, wherein the first mirror is arranged to direct the first partial light beam from the spectral splitter to the spatial light modulator and to direct the second partial light beam after modulation from the spatial light modulator to the spectral splitter, wherein the second mirror is arranged to direct the second partial light beam from the spectral splitter to the spatial light modulator and to direct the first partial light beam after modulation from the spatial light modulator to the spectral splitter.

US Pat. No. 10,191,285

HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY AND GAZE DETECTION SYSTEM

FOVE, INC., San Mateo, C...

1. A head mounted display that is mounted on the head of a user and used, the head mounted display comprising:an irradiation unit that irradiates the eyes of the user with invisible light;
a display that causes a light emitting element that emits light including the invisible light to emit the light and displays an image for the user to view;
an imaging device capable of capturing an image formed by the invisible light; and
an output unit that outputs an image captured by the imaging device as an image for gaze detection,
wherein the display includes a coated surface formed on a surface thereof that transmits the visible light and reflects the invisible light,
the coated surface prevents the invisible light emitted from the display from reaching the imaging device, and
the imaging device images the eyes of the user using the invisible light radiated from the irradiation unit, reflected by the eyes of the user, and reflected by the coated surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,284

SEE-THROUGH COMPUTER DISPLAY SYSTEMS

Osterhout Group, Inc., S...

1. A head mounted display with a wide display field of view providing a high transmission see-through view of a surrounding environment with an overlaid high contrast displayed image comprising:a. upper optics with a first optical axis including:
i. an emissive image source that provides image light comprised of one or more narrow spectral bands of light;
ii. one or more lenses;
iii. a stray light trap; and
b. lower optics with a second optical axis including:
i. a planar beam splitter angled relative to the first optical axis and the second optical axis; and
ii. a curved partially reflective mirror;
wherein the upper optics and the lower optics are designed to provide a limited central sharp zone and a surrounding peripheral zone that is less sharp.

US Pat. No. 10,191,282

COMPUTER DISPLAY DEVICE MOUNTED ON EYEGLASSES

1. A device configured to be worn like eyeglasses by a user, the device comprising:an eyeglass main body;
a display apparatus provided on the eyeglass main body and configured to display an original screen corresponding to a visual confirmation screen that appears to the user to be floating in midair;
an imaging apparatus provided on the eyeglass main body and configured such that, when the user performs an operation on the visual confirmation screen using a finger or an input instructing tool, the imaging apparatus captures one or more images of the finger or the input instructing tool that has performed the operation and generates image data;
an operation determining unit configured to determine, when the imaging apparatus has captured the image of the finger or of the input instructing tool used by the user to perform the operation on the visual confirmation screen, contents of the operation performed by the finger or the input instructing tool, based on the image data;
a positional data generating unit configured to generate, when the imaging apparatus has captured the image of the finger or of the input instructing tool used by the user to perform the operation on the visual confirmation screen, positional data of the finger or of the input instructing tool in an imaging range that is a range in which the imaging apparatus can capture an image based on the image data obtained by the imaging;
a reference data generating unit configured to generate, when the user performs a reference data setting operation using a finger or the input instructing tool at two or more predetermined positions on the visual confirmation screen, data that specifies the position and the size of the visual confirmation screen by using the positional data of the finger or of the input instructing tool generated by the positional data generating unit based on the image data for which the operation determining unit has determined that the operation at each of the two or more predetermined positions is a prescribed operation, and to store the generated data as reference data in a storage unit; and
an input control unit configured to:
determine, when the user performs the operation using the finger or the input instructing tool on the visual confirmation screen, contents of an inputted instruction, which corresponds to the operation performed by the finger or the input instructing tool, based on: (i) data concerning the contents of the operation performed by the finger or the input instructing tool determined by the operation determining unit, (ii) the positional data of the finger or of the input instructing tool generated by the positional data generating unit, (iii) the reference data concerning the visual confirmation screen that is stored in the storage unit, and (iv) the data that specifies the position and the size of the visual confirmation screen, by specifying the range of the visual confirmation screen within the imaging range, and by checking the position of the operation using the finger or the input instructing tool within the range of the specified visual confirmation screen, and
control the original screen to be displayed on the display apparatus in accordance with the determined contents of the inputted instruction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,278

OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS

VISION ENGINEERING LIMITE...

1. An optical instrument for producing an optical image to be viewed by an observer, the optical instrument comprising:an optical system for producing an optical image of an object which is viewable by an observer at an exit pupil on a viewing plane; and
a diffractive element located at an image plane of the optical system for producing an array of exit pupils, which are perceivable as a single, enlarged exit pupil by the observer;
wherein the diffractive element comprises a surface which has an array of diffractive units, each of which generates one of the exit pupils of the array of exit pupils, the diffractive units each comprising replications of a pattern of a plurality of separated areas which are effective to produce diffractive interference of light and generate a plurality of exit pupils which are displaced relative to one another in the form of an array of exit pupils, such as to be viewable as a single, continuous enlarged exit pupil, and the areas comprise irregular features of different sizes, both in horizontal and vertical section, which have curved surfaces at lateral faces thereof;
wherein the diffractive units are disposed progressively radially outwardly from the optical axis of the diffractive element and configured progressively to provide for an increasing angular offset of the optical path thereat, such that, independent of location on the aperture of the diffractive element and without any relay lens arrangement between the diffractive element and the viewing plane, light from the received image is relayed to a common region on the viewing plane across the aperture of the diffractive element.

US Pat. No. 10,191,275

THREE-MIRROR ANASTIGMAT HAVING RECTANGULAR APERTURE STOP

BAE Systems Information a...

1. An off-axis three-mirror anastigmat having a rectangular aperture stop to control rays of incident electromagnetic radiation passing through the three-mirror anastigmat along an optical path, the three-mirror anastigmat comprising:three or more reflective surfaces along the optical path, each surface being configured to change a direction of each ray on the surface based on a location of the ray relative to the surface, at least one of the surfaces being conjugate to and having a same shape as the rectangular aperture stop,
wherein the rectangular aperture stop has a width-to-length ratio of between 0.76 and 0.84, and
wherein the at least one of the surfaces comprises a concave primary mirror to collect and focus the electromagnetic radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,191,274

IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image display apparatus comprising:a light source device including a light source unit;
a scanning optical system including an image forming unit on which an intermediate image is formed by light from the light source unit; and
a virtual image optical system configured to guide light of the intermediate image by using a reflecting mirror and a curved transmissive reflection member, wherein:
the scanning optical system includes an optical scanning unit configured to scan the light from the light source unit in a main scanning direction and a sub-scanning direction of the image forming unit, and
the image forming unit is a transmissive member curved in a longitudinal direction of an image displayed on the curved transmissive reflection member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,273

MIRROR DRIVING DEVICE, BEAM IRRADIATION DEVICE, AND LASER RADAR

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A mirror driving device comprising:a rotating shaft;
a first driving source which rotates the rotating shaft;
a mirror holder which is supported on the rotating shaft by a support shaft extending perpendicular to the rotating shaft, the mirror holder being rotatable about the support shaft;
a mirror mounted on the mirror holder;
a holding part provided at an edge of the mirror holder;
a rotating body on which the mirror holder is placed at a position located away from the support shaft;
a guide which is disposed at the holding part and which guides the holding part so as to be capable of changing a distance between the holding part and the rotating shaft;
a moving mechanism which moves the rotating body in a direction parallel to the rotating shaft in a state where the rotating body is rotatable with the rotating shaft; and
a second driving source which moves the rotating body via the moving mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,191,269

SLIDE HOLDER FOR AN OPTICAL MICROSCOPE

1. A microscope slide holder for an optical microscope, comprising:a base portion,
a slide holder portion arranged on the base portion and having a mounting zone capable of receiving microscope slides, the slide holder portion being movably arranged on the base portion,
a manipulator for moving the slide holder portion with respect to the base portion in at least two orthogonal directions,wherein:the base portion is dimensioned to fit into another mounting zone that is of a slide holder of the optical microscope designed for holding a single slide at a time in the optical microscope.

US Pat. No. 10,191,268

METHOD FOR ANALYZING A SAMPLE WITH A NON-LINEAR MICROSCOPY TECHNIQUE AND NON-LINEAR MICROSCOPE ASSOCIATED

INSERM (Institute Nationa...

1. Method for analyzing a sample with a non-linear microscopy technique, in particular two-photon fluorescence microscopy, the method comprising at least the following steps:a) emitting at least one input laser pulse having a duration below or equal to 10 picoseconds,
b) deflecting the input laser pulse in a first direction by a first acousto-optical deflector to obtain a first deflected laser pulse, and
c) deflecting the first deflected laser pulse in a second direction by a second acousto-optical deflector to obtain a second deflected laser pulse, the first direction and the second direction defining at least an angle comprised between 85° and 95°,
d) sending the second deflected laser pulse on an optic system, to obtain a desired pattern of light within the sample,characterized in that:each acousto-optic deflector comprises an acousto-optical crystal and a transducer adapted to command the crystal by applying an acoustic wave, the instant when step a) is carried out and the instants at which the time-varying acoustic wave commands are started in the acousto-optic deflectors being synchronized such that each acousto-optic deflector only interacts with a laser pulse when the acoustic wave is established in the crystal,
at step b), the first acousto-optical deflector further shapes spatially the first deflected pulse in phase and in amplitude according to a first function,
at step c), the second acousto-optical deflector further shapes spatially the second deflected laser pulse in phase and in amplitude according to a second function, and
both the first function f and the second function g are such that at step d), the desired pattern of light is obtained by holography through the optic system.

US Pat. No. 10,191,267

MICROSCOPE SYSTEM

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A microscope system comprising:a stage configured to have a specimen placed thereon;
a light emitting diode configured to emit illumination light for illuminating the specimen;
an optical system configured to condense the illumination light emitted by the light emitting diode and irradiate the specimen with the illumination light;
an input unit configured to receive an input of a light control signal that adjusts a light amount of the light emitting diode; and
a control unit configured to:
determine whether the light control signal instructs to decrease or increase the light amount of the light emitting diode,
when the light control signal instructs to decrease the light amount of the light emitting diode, control the light amount of the light emitting diode to instantly have a value according to the light control signal, and
when the light control signal instructs to increase the light amount of the light emitting diode, select a predetermined time from among a plurality of values to control the light amount of the light emitting diode to become a light amount according to the light control signal by delaying the light control signal by the predetermined time from a timing when the light control signal is input, by changing the light amount of the light emitting diode to become the light amount according to the light control signal in a stepwise manner within the predetermined time.

US Pat. No. 10,191,266

THREE-DIMENSIONAL SHAPE MEASURING APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A three-dimensional shape measuring apparatus comprising:a light source;
an objective that condenses light emitted from the light source;
a stage on which a specimen is placed;
a scanner that two-dimensionally scans light that is condensed by the objective and is illuminated on the specimen;
an optical sensor that receives light that has been illuminated via the objective and has been reflected by the specimen; and
a processor that includes hardware, the processor being configured to perform control to:
image a sensor signal from the optical sensor;
store, in a memory, control information indicating a state of the three-dimensional shape measuring apparatus at a point in time of imaging, the control information being obtained in synchronization with the imaging of the sensor signal; and
control a transfer timing of the control information stored in the memory in accordance with a transfer timing of image data obtained by the imaging so as to output the control information to an image transfer path in association with the image data.

US Pat. No. 10,191,265

IMAGE GENERATION APPARATUS, IMAGE GENERATION METHOD, STORAGE MEDIUM, AND PROCESSING METHOD

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. An image generation apparatus comprisinga plurality of irradiators;
an image sensor having a surface on which an object is placed; and
a control circuit that generates an in-focus image of the object in a virtual focal plane located between the image sensor and the plurality of irradiators, wherein the control circuit performs an operation including
(a) generating an in-focus image of the object in each of a plurality of predetermined focal planes by using a plurality of captured images of the object, the captured images being obtained such that the plurality of irradiators sequentially irradiate the object and one image is captured by the image sensor each time the object is irradiated by one of the plurality of irradiator,
(b) extracting a contour of at least one or more cross sections of the object represented in the plurality of generated in-focus images,
(c) generating at least one or more circumferences based on the contour of the at least one or more cross sections,
(d) generating a sphere image in the form of a three-dimensional image of at least one or more spheres, each sphere having one of the generated at least one or more circumferences, and
(e) generating a synthetic image by processing the sphere image such that a cross section of the at least one or more spheres appears in the synthetic image, and displaying the resultant synthetic image on a display,
wherein the object is an embryo,
and wherein each of the at least one or more spheres includes an outer sphere representing an outward appearance of the embryo and at least one or more inner spheres, each inner sphere being contained in the outer sphere and representing an outward appearance of a cell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,264

REAL-TIME FOCUSING IN LINE SCAN IMAGING

LEICA BIOSYSTEMS IMAGING,...

1. A system comprising:an objective lens having an optical field of view;
a stage configured to support a sample;
at least one focusing line sensor positioned within a first optical path of the optical field of view and configured to receive a first portion of the optical field of view from the objective lens;
at least one imaging line sensor positioned within a second optical path of the optical field of view and configured to receive a second portion of the optical field of view from the objective lens while the at least one focusing line sensor receives the first portion of the optical field of view from the objective lens; and
at least one processor that controls one or more of the stage and the objective lens,
wherein, within the optical field of view, the first portion is spaced apart from the second portion by a distance h which satisfies 0

US Pat. No. 10,191,261

MACRO LENS

TANTUM OPTICS, LLC, Tucs...

1. A variable-focal-length macro lens system having an optical axis and comprisinga first lens having a first optical power,
a second lens having a second optical power and disposed coaxially with the first lens,
a first repositionable element operably cooperated with at least one of said first and second lenses, and configured
to define a vectored force, applied to a surface of at least one of the first and second lenses along the optical axis, based on a reversible motion of the first repositionable element,
to define a flat area of at least one of a first surface of the first lens and a second surface of the second lens in response to said reversible motion,
said first and second surfaces facing each other,
said first and second surfaces being in contact with one another at an area centered at the optical axis when the first and second lenses are not stressed by said first repositionable element,
said flat area being symmetric about the optical axis,
and
to reversibly change a measure of applanation of the at least one of a first surface of the first lens and a second surface of the second lens in response to the reversible motion, a surface area of said flat area being dependent on a magnitude of said reversible motion,
wherein a focal length of said macro lens system is dependent on said reversible motion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,260

ZOOM IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A zoom image pickup apparatus, comprising:a mount portion;
a zoom lens which forms an image of light incident from the mount portion; and
an image pickup element which is disposed at an image forming position, wherein
the zoom lens includes in order from an object side,
a first lens unit having a positive refractive power,
a second lens unit having a negative refractive power,
a third lens unit having a positive refractive power,
a fourth lens unit having a negative refractive power, and
a fifth lens unit having a positive refractive power, and
the fourth lens unit is a focusing lens unit, and
at the time of zooming from a wide angle end to a telephoto end, at least the second lens unit and the fourth lens unit move, and
at the wide angle end when focused to a first object, the following conditional expression (1) is satisfied:
?L1 where,
?L1 denotes an effective diameter of a lens surface positioned nearest to object of the zoom lens,
?3GL1 denotes an effective diameter of a lens surface positioned nearest to object of the third lens unit,
the first object is an object when an object-point distance is 1000 mm, here
the object-point distance is a distance from a lens surface positioned nearest to object of the zoom lens, up to the object, and
the effective diameter is the maximum diameter of a range on a target lens surface, through which a light ray contributing to image formation passes.

US Pat. No. 10,191,259

ZOOM LENS AND CAMERA DEVICE

TAMRON CO., LTD., Saitam...

1. A zoom lens having a telephoto end and a wide angle end, and comprising in order from the object side a first lens group having a positive refractive power, a second lens group having a negative refractive power, a third lens group having a positive refractive power, a fourth lens group having a positive refractive power, and a fifth lens group,wherein the following conditional expression (2) is satisfied:
0.7965?f1/?(fw×fT)?1.3  (2)
where fw is a focal length of the zoom lens taking a wide-angle position, fT is a focal length of the zoom lens taking a telephoto position, and f1 is a focal length of the first lens group,
wherein the first lens group comprises at least one lens piece that satisfies the following conditional expression (3):
0.018??PgF  (3)
where PgF is the partial dispersion for glass for the respective wavelengths 435.8 nm, 486.1 nm, and 656.3 nm of spectral lines g, F, and C, given by the following expression (3):
PgF=(ng?nF)/(nF?nC),
where ng, nF, and nC are the refractive indices for the respective wavelengths 435.8 nm, and 486.1 nm, and 656.3 nm of spectral lines g, F, and C, and
?PgF is a deviation from a straight line defined by a first point having as its x, y coordinates the Abbe constant on the d-line ?d=60.49 and the partial dispersion PgF=0.5393 for a glass type C7 and a second point having as its x, y coordinates the Abbe constant on the d-line ?d=36.30 and the partial dispersion PgF=0.5829 for a glass type F2, where the Abbe constant on the d-line ?d is given by the following expression:
?d=(nd?1)/(nF?nC),
where nd is the refractive index for the wavelength 589.6 nm of spectral line d,
wherein the following conditional expression (4) is satisfied:
0.60?Lt/fT?0.75  (4)
where Lt is an entire length of the optical system of the zoom lens taking a telephoto position, and fT is a focal length of the same of the zoom lens at the telephoto position,
wherein the second lens group is held in a fixed position while all the other lens groups are displaced when zooming from a wide-angle position to a telephoto position to vary magnification,
wherein a surface closest to the object side of the third lens group is convex toward the object side,
wherein the third lens group is an immediately adjacent lens group to the fourth lens group, and
wherein during zooming from a wide-angle end to a telephoto end, the third lens group is axially moved toward the object side.

US Pat. No. 10,191,258

SINGLE-FOCUS OPTICAL SYSTEM AND OPTICAL APPARATUS USING THE SAME

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A single-focus optical system which forms a conjugate relationship between a conjugate point on an enlargement side at a long distance and a conjugate point on a reduction side at a short distance, comprising in order from the enlargement side:a first lens unit; and
a second lens unit having a positive refractive power, wherein:
a lens component is one of a single lens and a cemented lens, and
the first lens unit includes a reduction-side negative lens component which is disposed closest to the reduction side, and has a concave surface on the reduction side, and
the first lens unit includes a enlargement-side lens component having a negative refractive power, closest to the enlargement side, and
the first lens unit includes a cemented lens cemented in order from the enlargement side, a negative lens having concave surface on the enlargement side and a positive lens, and
a shape of the cemented lens is a meniscus shape having a concave surface directed toward the enlargement side, and
in addition, the total number of negative lens components in the first lens unit is not less than three, and
the second lens unit includes in order from the enlargement side, a first positive lens, a second positive lens, a first negative lens, and a third positive lens, and
all air spaces in the second lens unit are constant at a time of focusing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,257

LENS SYSTEM, OPTICAL APPARATUS AND MANUFACTURING METHOD

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A lens system comprising, in order from an object, an “a” lens group having positive refractive power, a “b” lens group having negative refractive power, and a “c” lens group having positive refractive power,an aperture stop being disposed between the “b” lens group and the “c” lens group,
all or a part of the “b” lens group being shifted so as to have a component orthogonal to the optical axis,
wherein the “b” lens group is fixed in an optical axis direction with respect to an image plane upon zooming from a wide angle end state to a telephoto end state, and
wherein upon zooming from a wide angle end state to a telephoto end state, a distance between the “a” lens group and the “b” lens group varies and a distance between the “b” lens group and the “c” lens group varies, and the aperture stop is integrated with the “b” lens group, and
further comprising a first lens group which is closest to the object and placed closer to the object than the “a”, “b” and “c” lens groups, and is placed closest to the object among the lens groups of the lens system, the first lens group having positive refractive power, and
a second lens group, which is the second lens group from the object side, has negative refractive power, and the following conditional expression is satisfied:
0.55<(?f2)/fc<1.00  (5)
where f2 denotes a focal length of the second lens group, and fc denotes a focal length of the “c” lens group,
wherein the first lens group includes a front portion lens group, and a rear portion lens group disposed to an image side of the front portion lens group with an air distance therebetween, and
wherein the following conditional expression is satisfied:
1.30 wherein ft denotes a focal length of the total lens system in the telephoto end state, and f1b denotes a focal length of the rear portion lens group of the first lens group.

US Pat. No. 10,191,256

LITHIUM CONTAINING GLASS WITH HIGH OXIDIZED IRON CONTENT, AND LAMINATED TRANSPARENCY USING SAME

PPG Industries Ohio, Inc....


a redox ratio of 0.005-0.15; and
the oxidizer consisting essentially of cerium oxide in the range of greater than 0 to 0.50 wt % and/or manganese oxide in the range of greater than 0 to 0.75 wt %
wherein the glass has a visible transmission of greater than 88%, an infrared transmission of greater than 85%, and an infrared viewing transmission of greater than 80%, wherein the spectral properties of the glass given above are reported at a glass thickness of 0.223 inch (5.7 millimeters), and the visible transmission is determined using CIE Standard Illuminant A with a 2° observer over a wavelength range of 380 to 780 nanometers; the infrared transmission is determined using Parry Moon air mass 2.0 direct solar irradiance data over a wavelength range of 800 to 2100 nm, and the infrared viewing transmission is determined using the relative spectral irradiance of CIE Standard Illuminant A and the response function of the viewing device over the wavelength range 400 to 930 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,191,253

SINGLE FOCUS OPTICAL SYSTEM AND OPTICAL APPARATUS USING THE SAME

OLYMPUS CORPRATION, Toky...

1. A single-focus optical system which forms a conjugate relationship between a conjugate point on an enlargement side at a long distance and a conjugate point on a reduction side at a short distance, comprising in order from the enlargement side:a first lens unit having a positive refractive power;
a second lens unit having a negative refractive power; and
a third lens unit having a positive refractive power, wherein:
a lens component is one of a single lens and a cemented lens, and
the first lens unit includes in order from the enlargement side, either a first sub-unit, a second sub-unit, and a third sub-unit, or the first sub-unit, one positive lens component, the second sub-unit, and the third sub-unit, and
the first sub-unit includes one of, one negative lens component and a plurality of negative lens components that are continuous, and
the second sub-unit includes two meniscus lens components having respective concave surfaces thereof facing mutually, and
the third sub-unit includes a plurality of positive lens components, and also includes all positive lens components in the first lens unit, that are adjacent on the reduction side of the second sub-unit, and
the third lens unit includes in order from the enlargement side, a front side sub-unit and a rear side sub-unit, and
the front side sub-unit includes only a positive lens component, and
at the time of focusing, the first lens unit is fixed, the second lens unit is movable, and the rear side sub-unit is fixed, and
at least a distance between the first lens unit and the second lens unit, and a distance between the second lens unit and the front side sub-unit are variable, and
a distance between two lens surfaces in the first lens unit, the second lens unit, the front side sub-unit, and the rear side sub-unit is constant.

US Pat. No. 10,191,252

PHOTOGRAPHING OPTICAL LENS SYSTEM, IMAGE CAPTURING APPARATUS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

LARGAN PRECISION CO., LTD...

1. A photographing optical lens system comprising at least six lens elements, wherein the photographing optical lens system comprises:at least one cemented lens group cemented by two of the lens elements adjacent to each other, wherein the at least one cemented lens group comprises, in order from an object side to an image side:
a first cemented lens element having a cemented image-side surface being aspheric;
a cemented layer having a cemented object-side surface and a cemented image-side surface; and
a second cemented lens element having a cemented object-side surface being aspheric;
wherein an aspheric coefficient of the cemented image-side surface of the first cemented lens element is different from an aspheric coefficient of the cemented object-side surface of the second cemented lens element, a central thickness of the cemented layer is CLT, and the following condition is satisfied:
5 ?m?CLT?100 ?m; and
wherein one of the lens elements closest to an imaged object has positive refractive power.

US Pat. No. 10,191,251

OPTICAL LENS

RAYS OPTICS INC., Hsinch...

1. An optical lens, comprising:a first lens group with negative refractive power and a second lens group with positive refractive power, a number of lenses with refractive power of the first lens group being smaller than three, and a number of lenses with refractive power of the second lens group being smaller than five; and
an aperture stop disposed between the first lens group and the second lens group, wherein the second lens group has a lens with a diffractive optical surface, and the lens with a diffractive optical surface satisfies the condition:
0<|(?d*V)/?r|<2
where ?d denotes refractive power of the diffractive optical surface, ?r denotes refractive power of the lens with the diffractive optical surface, and V denotes an Abbe number of the lens with the diffractive optical surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,244

IMAGING APPARATUS AND POSITION DETECTION METHOD

Olympus Corporation, Tok...

1. An imaging apparatus having a lens, that is capable of movement in an optical axis direction, provided inside a lens barrel that includes a photographing lens, comprising:an operation member,
a detection element that outputs analog signals in accordance with position of the operation member,
an A/D converter that carries out A/D conversion to convert the analog signals to digital values, and
a controller that causes execution of A/D conversion by the A/D converter at a given time intervals, detects position of the operation member based on the digital values, and controls position of the lens based on the position, wherein
the controller, when it is determined that the operation member is stopped, compares an average value of a first number of digital values with a first threshold value, and determines that the operation member is moving if it has been determined that the average value is greater than the first threshold value, and
the controller, when it is determined that the operation member is moving, compares a difference between a newest digital value and a digital value that was acquired a second number previously with a second threshold value, and determines that the operation member has stopped if it is determined that the difference is smaller than the second threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,191,234

ASSEMBLY AND PACKAGING METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OPTICAL COMPONENTS

OTX Ltd., Or Akiva (IL)

1. A method of aligning an optical fiber associated with a ferrule with an optical component in a micro-optical sub-assembly, comprising:providing said micro-optical sub-assembly;
providing a silicon fiber locator element on said micro-optical subassembly;
providing a silicon fiber locator element on said micro-optical sub-assembly;
providing a v-shaped groove on said silicon fiber locator element in said micro-optical sub-assembly, said v-shaped groove having an apex in said micro-optical sub-assembly providing a first holder;
mounting a laser diode on said first holder in said micro-optical sub-assembly;
aligning said laser diode with said v-shaped groove;
providing a spacing element behind said first holder relative to said v-shaped groove, said spacing element defining a pre-determined gap;
placing a second holder in said micro-optical sub-assembly to abut onto said spacing element;
placing a photo-detector on a front of said second holder relative to said v-shaped groove;
providing electrical contacts on said second holder;
placing said micro-optical sub-assembly with said v-shaped groove in in a slot on a printed circuit board; and
placing on said circuit board a ferrule having an optical fiber extending therefrom;
placing said optical fiber into said apex of said v-shaped groove, the groove being in alignment with said laser diode to guide said fiber for said aligning, to an accuracy of 1 micron, thereby aligning said optical fiber with said laser diode, said optical fiber thereby extending into said ferrule from said apex for onward connection to external components.

US Pat. No. 10,191,233

MIRROR DEVICE WITH VISUAL INDICATOR TO ENABLE IDENTIFICATION OF HIGHLY-REFLECTIVE REGION TO ENSURE CORRECT ORIENTATION OF THE SAME WHEN DISPOSED IN AN OPTICAL SUBASSEMBLY

Applied Optoelectronics, ...

1. A mirror device for use in an optical subassembly module, the mirror device comprising:an opaque base portion providing a first surface opposite a second surface;
a layer of metallic material disposed on the first surface of the base portion to provide a highly-reflective surface to reflect at least a portion of incident channel wavelengths; and
a visual indicator disposed on the second surface of the base portion to indicate a position of the highly-reflective surface, wherein the visual indicator comprises a plurality of random scratches disposed on the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,227

FIBER OPTIC CONNECTOR WITH SMALL PROFILE, AND CABLE ASSEMBLIES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS INCLUDING THE SAME

Alliance Fiber Optics Pro...

1. A fiber optic connector, comprising:first and second ferrules each configured to support at least one optical fiber and arranged to extend parallel to each other in a ferrule plane;
an inner connector body having a front end from which the first and second ferrules extend and a back end opposite the front end;
a latch arm extending outwardly from the inner connector body and intersecting the ferrule plane;
a handle having a housing portion in which the inner connector body is at least partially received and a grip portion extending rearwardly from the housing portion, wherein:
the housing portion of the handle is in the form of a tubular body with sides that extend from a front opening of the housing portion to a rear opening of the housing portion;
one of the sides of the housing portion includes an opening through which the latch arm extends; and
the handle can move relative to the inner connector body so that the housing portion can cause the latch arm to flex toward the inner connector body;
an outer connector body coupled to the back end of the inner connector body;
first and second inner springs extending within the inner connector body and outer connector body, wherein the first and second inner springs bias the respective first and second ferrules ferrule toward the front end of the inner connector body; and
a spring push received in the outer connector body, wherein the spring push includes first and second slots for accommodating the respective at least one optical fiber that the first and second ferrules are configured to support, and wherein the spring push defines first and second spring seats for positioning the first and second inner springs in the outer connector body.

US Pat. No. 10,191,216

FIBER-TO-WAVEGUIDE OPTICAL INTERFACE DEVICE AND COMPONENTS FOR PHOTONIC SYSTEMS

Corning Optical Communica...

1. A coupling device for an optical interface device for a photonic integrated circuit (PIC) assembly, comprising:a body having a front end, a back end, an upper surface and a lower surface;
at least one alignment feature at the front end of the body; and
a tab abutting the front end of the body, the tab comprising a first downwardly depending tab section and a second downwardly depending tab section that extend below the body and that define a downward facing ledge,
wherein the tab has a U-shape and includes at least one hole aligned with the at least one alignment feature.

US Pat. No. 10,191,215

WAVEGUIDE FABRICATION METHOD

ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDER...

1. A waveguide fabrication method including the steps of:providing a substrate including a waveguide recess structure to receive a waveguide material for forming a waveguide and a stress release recess structure, the stress release recess structure arranged along both sides of a channel formed by the waveguide recess structure to enclose the waveguide recess structure; and
depositing the waveguide material onto the substrate and into the waveguide recess structure and the stress release recess structure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,211

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE DISPLAY APPARATUS

Sakai Display Products Co...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel which displays an image on a front surface thereof;
a light guide plate disposed to face a back surface of the display panel;
a plurality of optical sheets interposed between the display panel and the light guide plate; and
a spacer which is sandwiched between the display panel and the light guide plate to secure a space for interposing the plurality of optical sheets therebetween,
wherein the spacer has
a space holding layer, which is formed by coating and solidifying a solidifiable liquid, and is fixed to the light guide plate and securing the space and
a fixed layer, which is formed by coating and solidifying a solidifiable liquid, and is sandwiched between the display panel and the space holding layer and fixed to the display panel,
wherein a thickness of the space holding layer is thicker than a total of thicknesses of one or more optical sheets, except for an optical sheet nearest to the display panel among the plurality of optical sheets, and
the fixed layer is made of a material adapted to start curing with a lapse of 1 to 5 minutes after irradiation with UV rays.

US Pat. No. 10,191,210

OPTICAL SHEET AND DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. An optical sheet comprising:a plate-shaped optical sheet body having an active area and a non-active area; and
a plurality of fixing portions provided at corners of the optical sheet body in the non-active area,
wherein each fixing portion protrudes from the corresponding corner of the optical sheet body,
wherein each fixing portion is a unitary member that is provided without apertures,
wherein each fixing portion is provided in a respective buffer region of a guide panel,
wherein each buffer region has a predetermined depth that conforms to the shape of the respective fixing portion and has a shape that conforms to an outer surface of the respective fixing portion to fix the fixing portion thereto, and
wherein each buffer region is a gap that allows the guide panel to fluctuate in size.

US Pat. No. 10,191,209

LIGHT GUIDE PLATE, BACKLIGHT MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A light guide plate, comprising: a film limit portion, arranged on a light exiting surface of the light guide plate and formed as a protruding structure to limit an optical film arranged on the light exiting surface of the light guide plate; anda fixed part, continuously extending along a# the length of three side surfaces of the light guide plate and formed as a protruding structure to fix the light guide plate to a frame arranged on the side surfaces of the light guide plate,
wherein the fixed part includes an engagement step, arranged continuously along the length of three side surfaces of the light guide plate and has a height which is less than a thickness of the light guide plate, the engagement step is formed by extending a bottom surface of the light guide plate and the engagement step is protruded toward a frame with an engagement groove for engagement thereto,
wherein the film limit portion comprises at least one limit pillar, the at least one limit pillar is arranged in a region corresponding to the optical film of the light exiting surface of the light guide plate,
wherein the film limit portion further includes a bearing wall partially surrounding the optical film and being continuous, the bearing wall is arranged at an edge except the edge corresponding to the incident side of the light guide plate of the light exiting surface of the light guide plate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,205

BACKLIGHT SOURCE, BACKLIGHT UNIT, DISPLAY APPARATUS, AND FABRICATING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight unit, comprising:a light guide plate;
a light-bar;
a plurality of first light sources and a plurality of second light sources alternatively located on the light-bar in a staggered arrangement; and
a plurality of first serrations and a plurality of second serrations arranged on a light incident side of the light guide plate,
wherein:
the plurality of first light sources include a first phosphor that is able to realize a first color gamut range, and the plurality of second light sources include a second phosphor that is able to realize a second color gamut range,
each first serration includes a plurality of first dots having spherical surfaces, and each second serration includes a plurality of second dots having spherical surfaces,
a diameter of each first dot is less than a diameter of each second dot so that a reflecting surface of each second dot is greater than a reflecting surface of each first dot, and
in each first serration, a number of the first dots in a row decreases when a distance becomes larger from the first light source, and in each second serration, a number of the second dots in a row decreases when a distance becomes larger from the second light source so as to eliminate a hotspot phenomenon.

US Pat. No. 10,191,204

MATERIALS AND LIGHTGUIDES FOR COLOR FILTERING IN LIGHTING UNITS

GE Lighting Solutions, LL...

1. A lightguide of a lighting unit,at least a portion of the lightguide being formed of a composite material comprising a polymeric matrix material and an inorganic particulate material that contributes a color filtering effect to visible light passing through the composite material,
the inorganic particulate material comprising a neodymium compound containing Nd3+ ions, wherein the neodymium compound is an Nd—F compound or an Nd—X—F compound where X is at least one element chosen from the group consisting of elements that form compounds with neodymium and elements other than neodymium that form compounds with fluorine;
wherein the lightguide is configured to trap light received at an edge of the lightguide through total internal reflection, and redirect trapped light to be extracted from the lightguide at a surface thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,191,202

TOUCH PANEL ASSEMBLY HAVING LIGHT GUIDE PORTION AND PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING THE SAME

HTC Corporation, Taoyuan...

1. A touch panel assembly, comprising:a touch panel, comprising:
a plurality of sensing series; and
a plurality of pads, disposed at a plurality of bonding regions of the touch panel, and electrically connected to the corresponding sensing series respectively, wherein the bonding regions are located at a side of the touch panel;
a flexible circuit board, comprising:
a plurality of bonding portions, extended and connected to the bonding regions respectively, wherein each of the bonding portions comprises a plurality of terminals electrically connected to the corresponding pad; and
at least one light guide portion, comprising a connecting portion and an extending portion, wherein the connecting portion is connected to the corresponding bonding portion, and the extending portion is connected to the connecting portion and extended away from the sensing series of the touch panel;
a light guide film directly covering an entire top surface of the flexible circuit board;
at least one input element, located right above the extending portion; and
at least one light emitting element, disposed at a light incident side of the light guide portion and configured to emit a light beam, wherein the light beam enters the light guide portion and illuminates the input element.

US Pat. No. 10,191,200

QUANTUM ROD SHEET, BACKLIGHT UNIT, DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device, comprising:a display panel:
an upper polarizing plate and a lower polarizing plate, which are disposed on opposing surfaces of the display panel, respectively; and
a backlight unit disposed under the display panel,
wherein the backlight unit comprises:
a light source which emits light; and
a quantum rod sheet which receives and polarizes the light provided from the light source,
wherein the quantum rod sheet comprises a plurality of quantum rods which are arranged in a predetermined direction and
wherein the quantum rods of the quantum rod sheet comprise at least two quantum rods having different sizes from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,191,199

DISPLAY INCLUDING A FILM LIGHTGUIDE BENT AROUND A GUIDE ELEMENT

Flex Lighting II, LLC, C...

1. A display comprising:a light source;
a spatial light modulator with a first outer surface and an active area;
a film including a body having an inner surface and an opposing outer surface in a thickness direction of the film, the body of the film comprising a light emitting region defined by a plurality of light extracting features, the light emitting region is positioned adjacent the active area of the spatial light modulator in the thickness direction and is substantially parallel to the first outer surface of the spatial light modulator;
a light input region of the film configured to receive light emitted from the light source;
a light mixing region of the film positioned along the film between the light input region and the light emitting region such that the light emitted from the light source propagates by total internal reflection from the light input region, through the light mixing region, and into the light emitting region in a total internal reflection condition, wherein the light extracting features redirect a portion of the light out of the film in the light emitting region toward the spatial light modulator; and
a guide element positioned along a first edge of the spatial light modulator, the guide element having a surface curved in a first plane comprising the thickness direction of the film, wherein
the film is folded along the curved surface of the guide element at a first fold in the first plane such that the first fold positions a portion of the light mixing region above or below the active area of the spatial light modulator in the thickness direction;
the light mixing region comprises the first fold; and
the inner surface of the film in the light mixing region is curved along the curved surface of the guide element at the first fold and is in contact with the curved surface at the first fold.

US Pat. No. 10,191,193

NANO BI-MATERIAL ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM SHIFTER

Hong Kong Baptist Univers...

1. A tunable electromagnetic spectrum shifter comprising: at least two different nano particles deposited as at least one layer onto at least one surface of one or more transparent, translucent, or reflective substrates; wherein the at least two different nano particles are plasmonically coupled and electromagnetic spectrum shifting is achieved via plasmonic coupling between the at least two different nano particles in the at least one layer of at least two different nano particles; wherein the at least two different nano particles are within 1-15 nm of each other on the at least one surface of an one or more transparent, translucent, or reflective substrate; and wherein relative positions of the at least two different nano particles in each pair of the at least two different nano particles are in random three-dimensional direction in respect with other pairs such that the at least two different nano particles in each of said at least one layer of at least two different nano particles are not arranged as one layer of one nano particles stacked on top of another layer of the other one nano particles.

US Pat. No. 10,191,190

SYNTHETIC DIAMOND OPTICAL MIRRORS

ELEMENT SIX TECHNOLOGIES ...

1. A mirror for use in high power optical applications, the mirror comprising:a support plate comprising a synthetic diamond material; and
a reflective coating disposed over the support plate,
wherein the reflective coating comprises a bonding layer of carbide forming material selected from any of W, Cr, or Ti, which bonds the reflective coating to the synthetic diamond material in the support plate, a reflective metal layer disposed over the bonding layer, and one or more layers of dielectric material disposed over the reflective metal layer,
wherein the bonding layer and the reflective metal layer together have a total thickness in a range 50 nm to 10 ?m with the reflective metal layer having a thickness of no more than 5 ?m, and
wherein the support plate and the reflective coating are configured such that the mirror has a reflectivity of at least 99% at an operational wavelength of the mirror,
wherein the bonding layer and the reflective metal layer are formed of different materials, and
wherein the operational wavelength is one of 10.6 ?m, 1.06 ?m, 532 nm, 355 nm, or 266 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,191,189

OPTICAL LENS, OPTICAL LENS UNIT, AND IMAGING DEVICE

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. An optical lens having a cylindrical shape, wherein, when an optical surface diameter of a first optical surface on an object side is defined as d1, the optical surface diameter of a second optical surface on an image side is defined as d2, and a lens diameter is defined as D, d1/d2<0.5 and also d2/D>0.9 are satisfied, the optical lens comprising:a lens frame receiving surface provided on a surrounding side of the first optical surface; and
an adhesion space formation lens portion disposed receding from the lens frame receiving surface to a side of the second optical surface, on the surrounding side of the lens frame receiving surface,
wherein the adhesion space formation lens portion is formed by a first step surface provided on the surrounding side of the lens frame receiving surface and a second step surface provided on the surrounding side of the first step surface, and the second step surface is not perpendicular to the first step surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,188

ARRAY-BASED IMAGING RELAY

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A lens system comprising:a first lens array assembly comprising a first plurality of cells, each cell of the first plurality of cells configured to exhibit a pair of Fourier transform lenses that implement a phase-corrected Fourier transform; and
a second lens array assembly comprising a second plurality of cells, each cell of the second plurality of cells configured to exhibit a pair of Fourier transform lenses that implement a phase-corrected Fourier transform;
wherein the first and second lens array assemblies are positioned relative to one another along an optical axis of the lens system such that an image of an object is provided at an image conjugate distance from the second lens array assembly, and
wherein a distance between the first and second lens array assemblies is dependent on an object conjugate distance of the object, the image conjugate distance, focal lengths of the Fourier transform lenses of the first and second pluralities of cells, and respective pitches of the first and second pluralities of cells.

US Pat. No. 10,191,185

LIGHT-EMITTING APPARATUS

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A light-emitting apparatus comprising:at least one light source;
a wavelength converter configured to convert a wavelength of light emitted from the light source;
a first lens configured to face a light emission surface of the wavelength converter;
a rounded reflector spaced apart from the first lens, the reflector being configured to reflect light emitted from the first lens; and
a base substrate configured to support the reflector, the wavelength converter and the first lens being disposed on the base substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,183

METHOD OF CONSTRUCTING DIGITAL TERRAIN MODEL

R.O.G. s.r.o., Prague (C...

1. A method of measurement, processing and use of a digital terrain model (“DTM”) for objective evaluation of geometric parameters of surfaces of a measured object, including roads and other surfaces, by which the DTM is obtained with a same elevation accuracy in relation to a vertical coordinate system at any place of the measured object, wherein measurements are performed by a measuring device comprising a set of three vehicles (290, 291, 292) arranged in a row, said set of three vehicles comprising an end vehicle (292), a middle vehicle (290) and a front vehicle (291), said measuring device further comprising instruments including—a laser scanner (210), a first Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) receiver (221) and a levelling device for elevation determination (231), all arranged on the middle vehicle (290);
a target device (232) arranged on each of the end vehicle (292) and the front vehicle (291), and configured to be used in combination with the levelling device (231) for elevation determination;
a second GNSS receiver (222) arranged on the front vehicle (291);
wherein the measurements are performed in n successive measurement cycles by the instruments of the measuring device, which are at standstill during each measurement, and which are moved as a whole between individual measurement cycles; where n measurement cycles create one measurement stage; wherein n is a number of measurement cycles;
wherein the method comprises the following steps:
during each measurement cycle:
performing a position measurement of the laser scanner (210) using the first GNSS receiver (221);
performing a surface measurement of the measured object with the laser scanner (210) at a scan-position so as to obtain a point cloud in a coordinate system of the laser scanner;
performing a stabilization of a front point located at the front vehicle (291) on the surface of the measured object;
surveying a position of the front point at least by the second GNSS (222) receiver; and
performing at least one backsight elevation measurement of the target device (232) on the end vehicle (292), which is located at an end point, and at least one foresight elevation measurement of the target device (232) on the front vehicle (291), which is located at the front point, using the levelling device for elevation sighting (231) on the middle vehicle (290), so as to measure elevations of the front and end points;
after measurements of a measurement cycle are completed, or during such measurements, saving data about the position, of the laser scanner (210), point cloud data, and data about the elevations of the front and end points in a computer (240);
after each measurement cycle, moving the measuring device as a whole, so that,
the middle vehicle (290) is moved to a new scan-position for another surface measurement of the measured object using the laser scanner (210);
the end vehicle (292) is moved to a new backsight position, which is the front point (252), which was occupied by the front vehicle (291) in the previous measurement cycle; and
the front vehicle (291) is moved to a new foresight position where, during a next measurement cycle, stabilisation and measurements of a new front point will be performed using the levelling device (231) on the middle vehicle, and the target device (232) and second GNSS receiver (222) on the front vehicle;
wherein when one measurement stage is completed, the method includes the following additional steps:
transforming the spatial coordinates of points of the point clouds obtained via the laser scanner (210) into a global coordinate system using the measured position of the laser scanner (210) at each individual scan-position of the laser scanner (210) and a point cloud correlation algorithm between individual point clouds of the measurement stage, by which a final position, a final orientation, and an approximate inclination of the point cloud of each individual scan-position of the laser scanner (210) is obtained,
making the point clouds more accurate by performing a transformation of the data about the front and end points in terms of elevation and inclination;
further processing the obtained and more accurate data into a digital model of a real topographic surface of the measured object, wherein the digital model represents surface points on the measured object with the elevation accuracy of the surface in a given time of the measurement of one stage.

US Pat. No. 10,191,182

ACCURACY OF WATER BREAK-THROUGH TIME PREDICTION

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method for correcting relative permeability data used in a reservoir simulation, comprising:obtaining, by a hardware data processing apparatus, a plurality of initial relative permeability data, wherein the plurality of initial relative permeability data comprise a plurality of initial water relative permeability values and a plurality of initial oil relative permeability values, each of the plurality of initial water relative permeability values corresponding to an initial oil relative permeability value and an initial water saturation level;
determining, by the hardware data processing apparatus, viscosity data;
determining, by the hardware data processing apparatus, a flood-front saturation point based on the viscosity data and the initial relative permeability data;
generating, by the hardware data processing apparatus, a plurality of corrected relative permeability data based on the plurality of initial relative permeability data and the flood-front saturation point, wherein the generating the plurality of corrected relative permeability data comprises:
for each of the plurality of initial relative permeability data:
comparing the initial water relative permeability value of the initial relative permeability data with the flood-front saturation point;
if the initial water relative permeability value is smaller than the flood-front saturation point, setting a corresponding corrected water relative permeability value to zero; and
if the initial water relative permeability value is greater than or equal to the flood-front saturation point, setting the corresponding corrected water relative permeability value to the initial water relative permeability value; and
simulating water break-through time using the plurality of the corrected relative permeability data.

US Pat. No. 10,191,181

MULTI-CHANNEL SYSTEM FOR TRUCK AND CARGO SCANNING USING IMPULSE RADIATION SOURCES

Adani Systems Inc., Alex...

1. A multi-channel system for truck scanning, comprising:an impulse radiation source;
a plurality of detection circuits, each detection circuit comprising a scintillator, a photodiode, a supplemental circuit, an integrator and an Analog to Digital Converter (ADC), connected in series,
wherein a current of the photodiode is proportional to impulse gamma radiation from the impulse radiation source;
a data storage device storing outputs of the ADCs and providing the stored outputs to a computer that converts the outputs to a shadow image of the scanned truck,
wherein the supplemental circuit isolates a capacitance of the photodiode from the integrator, filters out low frequency signals from the photodiode, amplifies the signal from the photodiode and reduces a bandwidth of the photodiode seen by the integrator, and
wherein the supplemental circuit includes a low noise amplifier to reduce an influence of capacitance of the photodiode on system noise.

US Pat. No. 10,191,180

LARGE SCALE GAS ELECTRON MULTIPLIER AND DETECTION METHOD

Lingacom Ltd., Tel Aviv ...

1. A detector assembly comprising:an insulating substrate having a planar surface;
a printed circuit board (PCB) mounted on the planar surface of the insulating substrate, the PCB having opposing first and second surfaces, the first surface exposed to the insulating substrate, the second surface including printed circuit lines;
a resistive plate disposed on and in direct physical contact with the second face of the PCB;
a drilled board disposed on the resistive plate;
a cathode disposed above the drilled board, the cathode defining a drift volume between the cathode and the drilled board, the drilled board disposed between the drift volume and the resistive plate;
a mechanical assembly connected to the insulating substrate and the resistive plate, wherein the mechanical assembly applies a force between the insulating substrate and the resistive plate to form an electrical contact between the printed circuit lines on the PCB and the resistive plate;
wherein the drilled board includes a plurality of holes, the holes extending through the drilled board to expose portions of the resistive plate; and
wherein a pitch between adjacent holes is about 2 mm to about 5 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,191,179

MEASURING CURRENT FROM AN ELECTRODE USING A NON-LINEAR ELEMENT

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. An arrangement for drilling a wellbore, the arrangement comprising:a drill bit comprising a plurality of cutting elements deployed in a bit body; the drill bit connected to a length of drill string;
a transmitter toroid deployed on the length of drill string and configured to transmit an AC voltage at a first frequency;
a receiver toroid deployed on the length of drill string and configured to receive an alternating current at a harmonic of the first frequency; and
at least one electrode deployed in the bit body, the at least one electrode being electrically insulated from the bit body and being electrically connected to the length of drill string through a non-linear circuit element such that alternating current emanating from the at least one electrode is at the harmonic of the first frequency when the transmitter toroid transmits at the first frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,191,178

THREE-DIMENSIONAL NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE LOGGING INSTRUMENT PROBE, LOGGING INSTRUMENT AND ANTENNA EXCITATION METHOD

CHINA UNIVERSITY OF PETRO...

1. A three-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance logging instrument probe, comprising: a probe framework, four magnets and eight independently fed antennas; whereinthe four magnets are uniformly distributed along a circumference of the probe framework, the magnets are magnetized in a radial direction of the probe framework, wherein, two magnets placed opposite to each other are magnetized from outside to inside, and the other two magnets placed opposite to each other are magnetized from inside to outside;
in the probe framework, each of the magnets is provided with two antennas;
the two antennas corresponding to each of the magnets comprise a left antenna provided on one side of the corresponding magnet and a right antenna provided on the other side of the corresponding magnet;
the left antenna and the right antenna corresponding to each of the four magnets are electrically connected;
the probe framework is provided with four receiving chambers matched with the four magnets, and the four magnets are fixed within the four receiving chambers;
the probe framework is arranged with eight grooves, the eight antennas are arranged in the eight grooves and the eight grooves are filled with high magnetic permeable materials.

US Pat. No. 10,191,175

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MAPPING A GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF A FORMATION ON ONE SIDE OF A SURFACE USING MAGNETIC MOMENTS OF DIFFERENT VALUES

Skytem Survey APS, Aarhu...

1. A method for mapping geological structures of a formation on a side of a surface, comprising:generating a magnetic moment using at least one magnetic moment generator to build up a magnetic field in the formation in an on-period, wherein the magnetic moment is positioned on another side of the surface;
changing the magnetic moment to change the magnetic field; and
making at least one record in a recording device at a recording time trecord in an off-period, wherein the record includes at least a representation of the change in the magnetic field and/or a representation of the magnetic field obtained by a B/E-measuring unit;
wherein the on-period is separated from the off-period by the act of changing the magnetic moment;
wherein the acts of generating, changing, and making are performed to execute a first sequence;
wherein the method further comprises repeating one or more of the acts of generating, changing, and making to execute a second sequence, each of the first and second sequences lasting a sequence period and comprising at least one moment period;
wherein in each of the first and second sequences, a plurality of magnetic moments are generated;
wherein the first and second sequences are executed at a same position or at positions that are separated by a maximum distance of 50 m;
wherein the at least one magnetic moment generator is configured to be carried by an airborne vehicle;
wherein the second sequence is consecutive to the first sequence, and wherein the first and second sequences are consecutively repeated; and
wherein each magnetic moment in the repeated consecutive first and second sequences has at least one adjacent magnetic moment having a different maximum absolute magnetic moment.

US Pat. No. 10,191,174

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DEEP DETECTION OF PETROLEUM AND HYDROCARBON DEPOSITS

LONGBRANCH ENTERPRISES IN...

1. A method for deep detection of petroleum and hydrocarbon deposits comprising:inserting one or more elongated electrodes into the ground at a testing site to generate a sensing array;
inserting a portion of a collapsible charge probe into the ground at the testing site, the collapsible charge probe including:
an elongated probe body having a probe top and bottom end and configured to be disassembled into a plurality of pieces, the top end extending from the ground and the bottom end disposed within the ground;
a first and second handle extending from the probe body at the probe body top end;
a trigger assembly at the probe body top end and disposed above the ground;
a removable charge tip disposed at the probe body bottom end holding an explosive charge cartridge, the charge tip disposed within the ground; and
an elongated firing shaft disposed within the probe body having a shaft top and bottom end and having a firing pin disposed at the shaft bottom end, the firing shaft being biased toward the shaft bottom end and configured to discharge the explosive charge cartridge held in the charge tip by actuation of the trigger assembly, the firing shaft further being configured to be disassembled into a plurality of pieces;
discharging, via the firing pin, the explosive charge cartridge held in the charge tip to generate a percussive seismic event proximate to the sensing array at a below-ground percussive seismic event location, the discharging being triggered by actuating the trigger assembly; and
recording sensing signals received by the sensing array, the sensing signals emitted from one or more sources in response to the percussive seismic event.

US Pat. No. 10,191,172

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A SUBSEA SENSOR FIELD

OCTIO AS, Bergen (NO)

1. A method for autonomously operating a subsea sensor field monitoring a region of interest, comprising the steps of:deploying a system comprising:
an automated underwater vehicle (AUV);
a sub sea service station; and
a sensor field comprising a plurality of sensors configured for monitoring a region of interest, wherein at least one sensor in the sensor field comprises a permanently installed base unit and a removable control unit, the AUV comprises a first transport connector and the removable control unit comprises a second transport connector, and the service station comprises a docking connector configured for receiving the control unit;
monitoring the region of interest with the sensor field;
using the AUV to connect the removable control unit to the permanently installed base unit,
using the AUV to disconnect the first transport connector from the second transport connector;
operating the removable control unit at the permanently installed base unit for a predetermined period of time;
using the AUV to connect the first transport connector to the second transport connector;
using the AUV to remove the removable control unit from the permanently installed base unit;
using the AUV to move the removable control unit to the service station;
disconnecting the first transport connector from the second transport connector; and
connecting the removable control unit to the docking connector.

US Pat. No. 10,191,170

SEISMIC DATA ACQUISITION USING WATER VEHICLES

WESTERNGECO L.L.C., Hous...

1. A seismic acquisition system, comprising:at least one unmanned water vehicle;
at least one seismic streamer having a first end and a second end, wherein the first end is coupled to the at least one unmanned water vehicle, and wherein the at least one seismic streamer has one or more seismic sensors coupled thereto for recording data in a survey area; and
a buoyancy compensation mechanism coupled proximate to an end of the at least one seismic streamer, wherein the second end of the at least one seismic streamer is not attached to a secondary vessel, and wherein:
the buoyancy compensation mechanism is configured to change an orientation of the at least one seismic streamer between a substantially vertical direction and a substantially horizontal direction through a water column;
the buoyancy compensation mechanism is configured to orient the at least one seismic streamer towards the substantially vertical direction using at least the weight of the buoyancy compensation mechanism as a ballast; and
the first end of the at least one seismic streamer is disposed closer to a water surface than the second end of the at least one seismic streamer is oriented in the substantially vertical direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,155

OPTICAL RESOLUTION IN FRONT OF A VEHICLE

LUMINAR TECHNOLOGIES, INC...

1. A lidar system comprising:a light source configured to emit light pulses;
a scanner configured to scan a field of view of the light source across a field of regard of the lidar system, including direct the light pulses at different angles relative to a forward-facing direction toward different points within the field of regard; and
a receiver configured to detect light from some of the light pulses scattered by one or more remote targets to identify a return light pulse, the receiver including:
a lens having a lens plane, wherein the lens is configured to focus the return light pulse; and
a plurality of photodetectors arranged on a detector plane behind the lens, wherein the detector plane is nonparallel to the lens plane to generate a wedge shaped depth of field.

US Pat. No. 10,191,153

AUGMENTED REALITY SONAR IMAGERY SYSTEMS AND METHODS

FLIR Systems, Inc., Wils...

1. A system comprising:a portable imaging device comprising a display and an imager position and/or orientation sensor (IPOS);
a sonar transducer assembly adapted to be mounted to a mobile structure and placed in a body of water; and
a logic device in communication with the sonar transducer assembly and the portable imaging device, wherein the logic device is configured to:
determine a waterline of the body of water relative to a field of view (FOV) of the display; and
render sonar data in a portion of the FOV that extends below the waterline.

US Pat. No. 10,191,151

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING VESSEL TRAFFIC INFORMATION

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A system for monitoring vessel traffic information, the system comprising at least one processor configured to implement:an interlock device configured to adjust identification information of a wireless terminal included in a received message to correspond to an identification system of an auto identification system (AIS) message and convert the received message into an AIS message type, when receiving a message including ship information from a wireless terminal of a ship located in at least one ship network;
a merging device configured to merge the ship information included in the converted AIS message with radar image information; and
a monitoring device configured to display merged monitoring information on a monitoring screen.

US Pat. No. 10,191,144

RADAR MOUNTING ESTIMATION WITH UNSTRUCTURED DATA

Waymo LLC, Mountain View...

1. A method comprising:for each of a plurality of radar units:
causing the transmission of at least two radar signals by the respective radar unit, wherein a first signal is transmitted from a first respective location and a second signal is transmitted from a second respective location, and
receiving a respective reflection signal by the respective radar unit, wherein the respective reflection signal is associated with each of the transmitted signals;
determining, by a processor, at least one stationary object that caused reflection in the plurality of reflection signals;
based on the determined stationary object, determining, by the processor, an offset for the radar unit, wherein the offset comprises at least one of an elevational offset, a rotational offset, and an azimuthal offset; and
operating the radar unit using the determined offset to determine a position of an object causing radar reflections.

US Pat. No. 10,191,141

LIGHT BEAM PAINTED FLUORESCENT RADAR IMAGE DISPLAY SCREEN

1. A display system comprising:a fluorescent screen, a plurality of rotating structures, and a radiation source;
wherein the display screen is adapted for use with a radar system;
wherein the radiation source stimulates the fluorescent screen;
wherein the track of radiation generated by the radiation source is directed by the plurality of rotating structures;
wherein the radiation generated by the radiation source is directed to a target location on the fluorescent screen by the plurality of rotating structures;
wherein the target location on the fluorescent screen is received from the radar system the display system is adapted to work with.

US Pat. No. 10,191,139

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OBJECT TRACKING ANTI-JITTER FILTERING

ISOLYNX, LLC, Haverhill,...

1. An object tracking anti-jitter filtering method, the method comprising:periodically receiving, within an object tracking system, a raw location point for a tracking tag attached to a tracked object;
averaging raw location points corresponding to an averaging window to periodically generate an averaged location point; and
determining physical movement of the tracked object based upon three most recently determined average location points corresponding to the object; and
adjusting a most recent of the three average location points such that the determined physical movement of the tracked object does not exceed predefined physical limits of the tracked object.

US Pat. No. 10,191,137

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR BEACON DEVICE FLEET MANAGEMENT

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method to enable beacon device fleet management, the method comprising:receiving, by a fleet management system, a plurality of observation reports respectively from a plurality of mobile computing devices, each observation report identifying at least one of a plurality of beacon devices observed by a reporting mobile computing device and describing at least a time at which the reporting mobile computing device observed the identified at least one beacon device;
analyzing, by the fleet management system, at least a portion of the plurality of observation reports that are associated with a first beacon device to determine a detection interval for the first beacon device, the detection interval comprising an amount of time that is based at least in part on a historical observation frequency at which the first beacon device has been observed by the mobile computing devices;
comparing, by the fleet management system, the detection interval of the first beacon device to a difference between a current time and a timestamp of a most recent observation report associated with the first beacon device; and
determining, by the fleet management system, a detection status of the first beacon device based at least in part on the comparison of the detection interval of the first beacon device to the difference between the current time and the timestamp of the most recent observation report associated with the first beacon device, wherein the detection status is indicative of a current operation status of the first beacon device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,136

DETERMINING MISS DISTANCE AND BULLET SPEED OF A BURST OF BULLETS

BAE Systems Information a...

1. A method for determining miss distance and bullet speed of a burst of bullets, the method comprising:estimating shock wave (SW) vectors emanating from bullets using a first sensor;
estimating firing point (FP) vectors and closest-point-of-approach (CPA) vectors emanating from the bullets using a second sensor, wherein the first sensor and the second sensor are located on a single platform;
determining that the SW vectors, the FP vectors and the CPA vectors are emanating from the burst of bullets; and
determining the miss distance and bullet speed of the burst of bullets using the FP vectors, the SW vectors, and the CPA vectors that are emanating from the burst of bullets.

US Pat. No. 10,191,135

WIRELESS NETWORK-BASED POSITIONING METHOD AND POSITIONING APPARATUS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A wireless network-based positioning method, comprising:obtaining time information used for determining a current location of a to-be-positioned node, wherein the time information records times of arrival of a first sounding signal at at least three anchor nodes, and the first sounding signal is sent by the to-be-positioned node at the current location;
determining time differences of arrival of the first sounding signal at the at least three anchor nodes according to recorded historical information and the time information, wherein the time differences of arrival of the first sounding signal at the at least three anchor nodes are differences between the times of arrival of the first sounding signal at the at least three anchor nodes, the historical information records locations of the at least three anchor nodes, a historical location at which the to-be-positioned node sends a second sounding signal, and times of arrival of the second sounding signal at the at least three anchor nodes, and the second sounding signal is a sounding signal that is used for positioning and that is sent by the to-be-positioned node before the to-be-positioned node sends the first sounding signal; and
determining the current location of the to-be-positioned node according to the locations of the at least three anchor nodes and the time differences of arrival of the first sounding signal at the at least three anchor nodes,wherein the determining the current location of the to-be-positioned node according to the locations of the at least three anchor nodes and the time differences of arrival of the first sounding signal at the at least three anchor nodes comprises:determining the current location of the to-be-positioned node according to formulas
wherein (xA, yA), (xB, yB), and (xC, yC) respectively represent locations of a first anchor node, a second anchor node, and a third anchor node in the at least three anchor nodes, TAB represents a time difference of arrival of the first sounding signal at the first anchor node and the second anchor node, TBC represents a time difference of arrival of the first sounding signal at the second anchor node and the third anchor node, (x, y) represents the current location of the to-be-positioned node, and c represents the propagation velocity of the sounding signal sent by the to-be-positioned node.

US Pat. No. 10,191,134

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DYNAMIC DISTORTION CORRECTION OF MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGE RECORDINGS

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for correcting dynamically acquired magnetic resonance (MR) image data, comprising:in a computer generating control signals and providing said control signals from said computer to an MR scanner comprising a basic (B0) field magnet that generates a B0 field, in order to operate the MR scanner so as to obtain a B0 field map as a basic reference field map;
in said computer, generating further control signals and providing said further control signals from said computer to said MR scanner, after obtaining said basic reference field map, in order to operate the MR scanner so as to acquire MR data, during a predetermined MR data acquisition time, from a subject situated in the MR scanner, said MR data having distorted coordinates due to said B0 field changing during said predetermined MR data acquisition time;
in said computer, using the acquired MR data to dynamically a set of distorted B0 field maps during said MR data acquisition time;
in said computer, during said predetermined MR data acquisition time, comparing each of the distorted, dynamically obtained B0 field maps to said basic reference field map dependent on a comparison criterion, and identifying any distorted, dynamically obtained B0 field map that does not satisfy said comparison criterion as an incorrect B0 field map;
in said processor, correcting each incorrect B0 field map, to obtain a set of corrected distorted, dynamically obtained B0 field maps; and
correcting said MR data acquired from said subject in said processor using said set of corrected distorted, dynamically obtained B0 field maps, and using the corrected MR data from the subject to reconstruct image data that are free of artifacts to said distorted coordinates, and display said image data at a display screen as in MR image of the subject.

US Pat. No. 10,191,126

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SPATIAL GRADIENT-BASED ELECTRICAL PROPERTY PROPERTIES TOMOGRAPHY USING MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

Regents of the University...

1. A method for measuring electrical properties of a tissue using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system, the steps of the method comprising:a) directing the MRI system to acquire B1+ map data for each channel in a multichannel transmitter while a subject is present in the MRI system;
b) directing the MRI system to acquire a B1? map data for each channel in a multichannel receiver while the subject is present in the MRI system;
c) generating from the acquired B1+ map data, B1+ field magnitude map and a B1+ relative phase map for each channel in the multichannel transmitter;
d) generating from the acquired B1? map data, a B1? field magnitude map and a B1? relative phase map for each channel in the multichannel receiver;
e) estimating a spatial gradient value that is based on a spatial gradient of electrical properties of the tissue, the spatial gradient value being estimated from the derived B1+ field magnitude maps, B1+ relative phase maps, B1? field magnitude maps, and B1? relative phase maps;
f) estimating electrical property values in the subject by spatially integrating the estimated spatial gradient values; and
g) generating a report comprising an image that depicts a spatial distribution of the computed electrical property values in the subject.

US Pat. No. 10,191,112

EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF A DATABASE OF FAIL SIGNATURES FOR SYSTEMATIC DEFECTS IN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT (IC) CHIPS

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A method for fail signature database development and use during chip manufacturing, the method comprising:developing a fail signature database, the fail signature database storing fail signatures and corresponding root causes associated with systematic defects, the systematic defects being previously identified on failing prototype chips manufactured according to a specific design and the corresponding root causes being determined given different process specifications used to form at least some of the prototype chips; and
using the fail signature database for detection of one or more specific systematic defects in the production chips, wherein production chips are subsequently manufactured according to the specific design and using a particular set of process specifications;
wherein the using of the fail signature database comprises:
after the developing of the fail signature database, manufacturing the production chips;
identifying failing production chips;
developing new fail signatures for systematic defects on the failing production chips; and
comparing the new fail signatures to the fail signatures in the fail signature database to find signatures matches, each signature match being indicative of a given failing production chip having a same systematic defect with a same root cause as a given failing prototype chip;
further comprising, based on the signature match, performing in-line advanced process control.

US Pat. No. 10,191,110

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SELF-TESTING AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

NXP USA, INC., Austin, T...

1. A method of testing comprising:generating a reference voltage at an output of a reference circuit;
initiating a test of the reference circuit during a test mode;
determining whether the test of the reference circuit passes by performing a stuck-at test with a test voltage source by applying a test voltage from the test voltage source to a voltage comparator and determining that the voltage comparator trips between low and high output voltages in response to predetermined input voltages; and
after performing the stuck-at test with the test voltage source, comparing at the voltage comparator, if the test of the reference circuit passes, a first voltage with the reference voltage of the reference circuit to determine that the first voltage meets a predetermined criterion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,103

METHOD OF LOCATING A SOURCE OF TRANSIENT SIGNALS IN A DISPERSIVE ENVIRONMENT

INSTITUT POLYTECHIQUE DE ...

1. A method of locating in a dispersive environment a source of pulses with at least a pair of sensors, the method comprising the steps of:positioning a pair of sensors in the dispersive environment, the pair of sensors being located at a predetermined distance L to each other;
detecting a pulse at the level of each sensor originating from the source;
constructing a phase diagram for each of said pulses from N vectors having their coordinates corresponding to the amplitude of the pulse at a sampling time ti and at next successive sampling times; and
calculating the ratio for each pair of sensors between distances L1 and L2 from each sensor to the source with formula:
whereare the norms of vectorsof the phase diagrams corresponding to the pulses detected by the sensors so that the source is located by the phase diagrams without synchronization of the sensors;wherein the calculated location of the source is communicated to specify the location of a maintenance operation.

US Pat. No. 10,191,101

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING GROUND FAULT IN A DC SYSTEM

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A ground fault detection system for locating a ground fault in a direct current (DC) power transfer system comprising:a ground fault detection component comprising:
a first switch and a second switch;
a first resistive element and a second resistive element;
wherein, the first switch is electrically coupled to the first resistive element and the second switch is electrically coupled to the second resistive element in a series configuration respectively,
a current sensor operatively coupled to a load and configured to measure a fault current at the load upon switching at least one of the first switch or the second switch to a conducting state; and
a DC grounding component coupled to the ground fault detection component in a parallel configuration between a positive rail and a negative rail of a first DC bus, wherein the DC grounding component is configured to provide a balanced ground reference voltage at a neutral point;
wherein the DC grounding component comprises a third resistive element and a fourth resistive element, a first capacitive element and a second capacitive element, or a combination thereof for providing the balanced ground reference voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,191,099

SEMICONDUCTOR TEST DEVICE AND METHOD, AND DATA ANALYSIS DEVICE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A semiconductor test device, comprising:an actuator holding a radiation source and adjusting a distance between the radiation source and a sample; and
a controller controlling an operation of the actuator and calculating a soft error rate (SER) of the sample based on the distance between the radiation source and the sample,
wherein the controller calculates a first distance between the radiation source and the sample at which the SER of the sample becomes zero, and calculates a metal-to-dielectric ratio of the sample based on the first distance.

US Pat. No. 10,191,096

ELECTRIC VEHICLE DISAGGREGATION AND DETECTION IN WHOLE-HOUSE CONSUMPTION SIGNALS

Bidgely Inc., Mountain V...

1. A method of electronically detecting and disaggregating a consumption signal associated with the charging of an electric vehicle from a whole-house profile, comprising:identifying by an electronic processor potential interval candidates of electric vehicle charging, based at least in part upon long and decreasing patterns;
determining by the electronic processor intervals associated with the charging of an electric vehicle, based at least in part on evaluating each potential interval candidate;
determining by the electronic processor an initial point of charging for each interval associated with the charging of an electric vehicle; and
identifying that energy consumption associated with the charging of the electric vehicle occurred, and informing a user of the same.

US Pat. No. 10,191,095

WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR MEASUREMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION

SOCOVAR S.E.C., Montreal...

1. A system for measuring electricity consumption of an environment having a plurality of electrical appliances, the system comprising:a plurality of measuring devices for connection to a wire between one of the plurality of electrical appliances and one of a plurality of corresponding circuit breakers, each one of the measuring devices comprising:
a Hall effect sensor configured to measure a current flowing through the wire; and
a sensor support for receiving the Hall effect sensor, the sensor support comprising an attachment member configured for attaching the sensor support to the wire outside of the circuit breaker such that the wire runs through the attachment member, and the sensor support having a sensor positioning guide for fixing a position of the Hall effect sensor with respect to the wire to a known and fixed relative position;
at least one precision sensor connectable between the plurality of corresponding circuit breakers and a main circuit breaker for the environment;
a communication and processing unit configured to communicate with the measuring devices and configured for receiving individual consumption measurement data representative of the electricity consumption of each of the plurality of electrical appliances;
the communication and processing unit being configured to communicate with the at least one precision sensor and being configured for receiving an overall consumption measurement data representative of the overall electricity consumption of the plurality of electrical appliances; and
wherein the communication and processing unit is adapted to apply a calibration algorithm to the individual consumption measurement data to increase precision thereof using the overall consumption measurement data.

US Pat. No. 10,191,093

DEVICE FOR MEASURING VOLTAGE ACROSS A REMOTE LOAD

Hanchett Entry Systems, I...

1. A device for measuring voltage across a remote load, comprising:a) a power supply coupled to the remote load by a pair of wires, the power supply comprising:
i) a power output module configured to output a first output voltage to the remote load;
ii) a receiver configured to receive voltage information from the remote load; and
iii) a first switch unit configured to selectively couple respective first ends of the pair of wires to either the power output module or the receiver;
b) a measuring circuit coupled to the load and configured to measure a load voltage across the load, the measuring circuit comprising:
i) a load capacitor connected in parallel with the load wherein the load capacitor supplies the load voltage to the load when the first switch is selected to couple the respective first ends of the pair of wires to the receiver;
ii) a first analog to digital (A/D) converter, the first A/D converter configured to measure the load voltage supplied by the load capacitor and packet the measured load voltage into the voltage information;
iii) a transmitter in communication with the first A/D converter, the transmitter configured to receive the voltage information from the first A/D converter and transmit the voltage information to the receiver; and
iv) a second switch unit configured to selectively couple respective second ends of the pair of wires to either the load or the receiver,
wherein when the first switch unit couples the respective first ends of the pair of wires to the power output module, the second switch unit is selected to couple the respective second ends of the pair of wires to the load, and wherein when the first switch unit is selected to couple the respective first ends of the pair of wires to the receiver, the second switch unit is selected to couple the respective second ends of the pair of wires to the transmitter.

US Pat. No. 10,191,084

PROGRAMMABLE SELF-ADJUSTING RESISTANCE SOURCE

IET Labs, Inc., West Rox...

1. An apparatus comprising:resistance circuitry having a plurality of resistors in a dynamically-configurable arrangement;
a user interface including input circuitry;
a set of output terminals configured to provide an electrical signal to a measurement device;
a communications port configured to communicate with the measurement device; and
control circuitry, the control circuitry being constructed and arranged to:
receive a target resistance from a user via the input circuitry;
assign a first arrangement of the resistance circuitry that nominally provides the target resistance based on known resistance values of the plurality of resistors;
configure the resistance circuitry according to the assigned first arrangement, thereby providing a first resistance across the set of output terminals;
subsequently, receive a resistance measurement from the measurement device via the communications port;
in response to receiving the resistance measurement, assign a second arrangement of the resistance circuitry based on a difference between the target resistance and the resistance measurement; and
configure the resistance circuitry according to the assigned second arrangement, thereby providing a second resistance across the set of output terminals, the second resistance being closer to the target resistance than was the first resistance.

US Pat. No. 10,191,081

MEASURING METHOD FOR ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPE

Korea Research Institute ...

1. A measuring method for an atomic force microscope that scans a surface of a sample with a probe to measure a surface property of the sample, the measuring method comprising:detecting a motion of the probe while vibrating the probe on the surface of the sample;
acquiring surface information on the sample by using a variation in the motion of the probe wherein the surface information on the sample comprises a position and a slope of the surface; and
controlling the probe by using the surface information on the sample,
wherein the vibrating the probe on the surface of the sample comprises performing a circular motion of the probe around an axis perpendicular to both a scan direction of the probe and a height direction of the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,191,080

DRONE INCLUDING ADVANCE MEANS FOR COMPENSATING THE BIAS OF THE INERTIAL UNIT AS A FUNCTION OF THE TEMPERATURE

Parrot Drones, Paris (FR...

1. A drone, comprising a main circuit board (24) on which are mounted electronic components as well as an inertial unit, IMU, (26) comprising gyrometer sensors for measuring the instantaneous rotations of the drone in an absolute reference system, and/or accelerometer sensors for measuring accelerations of the drone in this reference system, the IMU (26) including an internal temperature sensor (34) delivering a chip temperature signal (?°chip),characterized in that it comprises:
a heating component (28) mounted on the circuit board (24) near the IMU (26);
a thermal guide (30) incorporated to the circuit board (24), this thermal guide extending between the heating component (28) and the IMU (26) so as to allow a transfer (32) to the IMU of the heat produced by the heating component; and
a thermal regulation circuit (44-62), receiving as an input the chip temperature signal (?°chip) and a predetermined set-point temperature signal (?°ref), and outputting a heating component piloting signal (TH_PWM), so as to control the heat supply to the IMU as a function of the difference between chip temperature and set-point temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,191,079

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF DUAL-MODE ACTUATION AND SENSING FOR REAL-TIME CALIBRATION OF AXISYMMETRIC RESONANT GYROSCOPES

GEORGIA TECH RESEARCH COR...

1. A gyroscope apparatus having a plurality of resonance modes comprising:a resonator body;
first and second drive electrodes coupled to the resonator body;
first and second output electrodes coupled to the resonator body;
interface circuitry for driving the first drive electrode and second drive electrode simultaneously with a primary calibration signal derived at least in part from output signals from the first and second output electrodes; and
interface circuitry for generating calibration stimulus by multiplying the output signals of the first and second output electrodes with opposite polarities of a calibration signal, Vcal, and adding the multiplier outputs in a cross-coupled configuration to the drive signals of second and first drive electrodes to mimic mechanical rotation in an electrical domain, thereby tracking variations of mechanical rotation rate sensitivity.

US Pat. No. 10,191,078

ACCELERATION SENSOR

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. An acceleration sensor comprising:a detection device including:
an active layer;
a base layer;
an oxide layer disposed between the active layer and the base layer;
a first insulating layer disposed on the active layer at a side opposite to the oxide layer and provided with a first opening;
a contact portion disposed on a part of the first insulating layer at a side opposite to
the active layer and including a first metal layer connected to the active layer through the first opening, and
a self-check electrode disposed at a side of the first insulating layer opposite to the active layer and located away from the first metal layer;
an opposed electrode disposed at a location opposing the self-check electrode; and
a top lid supporting the opposed electrode,
wherein the detection device further includes a frame and a ground electrode disposed on the frame, and
the ground electrode is electrically connected to a part of the active layer in the frame through the contact portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,063

BRUCELLOSIS, Q-FEVER, AND LYME DISEASE BIOMARKERS AND USES THEREOF

Caprion Proteomics Inc., ...

1. A method for detecting HISTH4, LDHB, and MDH1 in a subject,obtaining a fluid sample(s) from a subject suspected of having Brucellosis,
detecting whether HISTH4, LDHB, and MDH1 are present in the fluid sample(s) by ionizing the fluid sample(s) and detecting charged particles corresponding to HISTH4, LDHB, and MDH1;
thereby detecting HISTH4, LDHB, and MDH1 in a subject suspected of having Brucellosis.

US Pat. No. 10,190,991

METHOD FOR ADAPTIVE SAMPLING IN EXAMINING AN OBJECT AND SYSTEM THEREOF

Applied Materials Israel ...

1. A method of examining an object, the method comprising:(a) identifying, by a processor, a plurality of potential defects, each potential defect of the plurality of potential defects being associated with a potential defect location;
(b) performing, by the processor, a first clustering of the plurality of potential defects to obtain a first subset and one or more second subsets, the clustering performed in accordance with spatial distances between potential defect locations such that potential defects in the first subset are characterized by higher density in at least one physical area than potential defects in the one or more second subsets;
(c) assigning, by the processor, first probabilities to potential defects in the first subset to be valid defects, the first probabilities being calculated in accordance with a first policy;
(d) assigning, by the processor, second probabilities to potential defects in the one or more second subsets to be valid defects, the second probabilities being calculated in accordance with one or more second policies specifying how to combine at least two second factors associated with potential defect locations;
(e) selecting, by the processor, at least one potential defect from the first subset and the one or more second subsets for review by a review tool in accordance with a third policy specifying how to combine potential defects from a plurality of subsets into a merged list, and wherein the selecting of the at least one potential defect for review by the review tool is further in accordance with a strategy indicating how to combine top elements from the merged list and randomly selected elements from the merged list in accordance with a number of reviews from the review tool;
(f) receiving, by the processor, validity or class indications for potential defects in a potential defect lists associated with the selected at least one potential defect, the validity or class indications being received subsequent to potential defects in the potential defect lists being reviewed by the review tool; and
(g) subsequent to a stopping criteria not being observed:
(i) updating, by the processor, the first, second, or third policy in accordance with validation or classification of an item in the first subset and the one or more second subsets; and
(ii) repeating, by the processor, steps (c)-(g) in accordance with the first, second, or third policy as updated, until the stopping criteria is observed.

US Pat. No. 10,190,932

METHOD FOR PREVENTING GASES AND FLUIDS TO PENETRATE A SURFACE OF AN OBJECT

INFICON GMBH, Bad Ragaz ...

1. A method for preventing gases and fluids to penetrate a surface of an object, comprising the steps of:depositing (S1) an amorphous metal (5) on a surface of an object (4), wherein the depositing comprises:
depositing a first amorphous metal on said surface of said object forming a continuous layer (5a) thereon; and
depositing a second amorphous metal on the continuous layer formed by the first amorphous metal forming a continuous layer (5b) thereon, wherein the composition of said second amorphous metal differs from the composition of said first amorphous metal;
forming (S2) a continuous layer of said amorphous metal (5) on said surface of said object (4);
binding (S3) said amorphous metal (5) to said surface of said object by chemical binding; and
passivation (S4) of a surface of said amorphous metal (5) facing away from said surface of said object (4).

US Pat. No. 10,190,898

PHYSICAL-QUANTITY DETECTION DEVICE

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A physical quantity detection device that detects a plurality of physical quantities of a measuring target gas flowing in a main passage, comprising:a housing that is disposed in the main passage;
a printed circuit board that is formed to be inserted in the housing;
a plurality of detection sensors that are mounted on one surface and the other surface of the printed circuit board;
a first bypass passage through which the measuring target gas is taken in from a first bypass passage inlet opened to the housing, and the measuring target gas is discharged from a first bypass passage outlet opened to the housing;
a second bypass passage through which the measuring target gas is taken in from a second bypass passage inlet opened to the housing, and the measuring target gas is discharged from a second bypass passage outlet opened to the housing, wherein
at least one detection sensor among the plurality of detection sensors is disposed in the first bypass passage, and at least one detection sensor different from the detection sensor is disposed in the second bypass passage,
the printed circuit board includes
a detection sensor surface region in one surface of the printed circuit board in which the detection sensor is disposed, and
a circuit component surface region in which circuit components other than the detection sensor are disposed,
a facing surface region is provided in another surface of the printed circuit board adjacent to the circuit component surface region, and
at least a part of the facing surface region among the other surface of the printed circuit board is exposed to the second bypass passage.