US Pat. No. 10,192,912

SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, MANUFACTURING METHOD OF SOLID-STATE IMAGING DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Sony Semiconductor Soluti...

1. A back-illuminated type solid-state imaging device comprising:a first layer including at least one of an amplification transistor, a reset transistor, or a selection transistor;
a second layer including at least one photo diode, the second layer separated from the first layer in a depth direction;
a transfer transistor configured to control charge transfer of the photo diode, wherein the transfer transistor is at least partially disposed in the second layer; and
a floating diffusion configured to receive charge transferred from the photo diode, wherein the floating diffusion penetrates the first layer such that the photo diode is in electrical communication with the at least one of an amplification transistor, a reset transistor, or a selection transistor via the floating diffusion,
wherein the floating diffusion is formed at a position including the second layer.

US Pat. No. 10,192,911

HYBRID IMAGE SENSORS WITH IMPROVED CHARGE INJECTION EFFICIENCY

APPLE INC., Cupertino, C...

1. Imaging apparatus, comprising:a photosensitive medium configured to convert incident photons into charge carriers;
a bias electrode, which is at least partially transparent, overlying the photosensitive medium and configured to apply a bias potential to the photosensitive medium;
an array of pixel circuits formed on a semiconductor substrate, each pixel circuit defining a respective pixel and comprising:
a pixel electrode coupled to collect the charge carriers from the photosensitive medium;
a readout circuit configured to output a signal indicative of a quantity of the charge carriers collected by the pixel electrode;
a skimming gate coupled between the pixel electrode and the readout circuit; and
a shutter gate coupled in parallel with the skimming gate between a node in the pixel circuit and a sink site; and
control circuitry coupled to sequentially open and close the shutter gate and the skimming gate of each of the pixels in each of a sequence of image frames so as to apply a global shutter to the array and then to read out the collected charge carriers via the skimming gate to the readout circuit,
wherein the pixel circuit comprises:
a charge storage node between the skimming gate and the readout circuit;
at least one charge transfer gate that connects to the charge storage node; and
a reset gate coupled between the charge transfer gate and a reset potential and configured to reset the charge stored on the charge storage node under control of the control circuitry,
wherein the control circuitry is configured, in each of the image frames, to actuate one of the gates so as to fill a potential well at the pixel electrode with charge carriers, and then to close the shutter gate, whereby the charge carriers acquired at the pixel electrode from the photosensitive medium is transferred through the skimming gate to the readout circuit,
wherein while the one of the gates is actuated, a potential well of the charge storage node is filled with the charge carriers, and wherein the control circuitry is configured, prior to acquiring the charge carriers, to actuate the reset gate and the at least one charge transfer gate so as to allow the charge carriers to drain from the charge storage node while the charge carriers remain in the potential well at the pixel electrode, and
wherein the control circuitry is configured to apply a charge pump signal so as to inject an additional number of the charge carriers into the potential well of the pixel electrode after the acquisition of the photocharge but before reading out the charge carriers to the readout circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,192,910

IMAGE SENSOR

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An image sensor comprising:first and second pixel regions disposed adjacent to each other along a first direction in a light-receiving region, wherein the light-receiving region receives light and generates charges;
a third pixel region disposed adjacent to the first pixel region along a second direction in the light-receiving region, the second direction intersecting the first direction;
a first device isolation layer disposed between the first and second pixel regions and between the first and third pixel regions to separate the first pixel region from the second pixel region and the first pixel region from the third pixel region;
second device isolation layers disposed in each of the first to third pixel regions to define active regions in each of the first to third pixel regions;
a plurality of transfer gates and a plurality of logic gates disposed on the active regions; and
a side connection contact overlapping the first device isolation layer and connected to a side surface of an active region from among the active regions.

US Pat. No. 10,192,909

ARRAY SUBSTRATE STRUCTURE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF ARRAY SUBSTRATE

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A manufacturing method of an array substrate, comprising:step 1, providing a substrate, manufacturing a first metal layer on the substrate, pattering the first metal layer with a first photo-mask, to manufacture a gate electrode;
step 2, manufacturing a gate insulating layer on the substrate, manufacturing an active layer with a second photo-mask;
step 3, forming a first via in the gate insulating layer corresponding to the first metal layer with a third photo-mask;
step 4, manufacturing a second metal layer on the gate insulating layer, patterning the second metal layer with a fourth photo-mask, to manufacture source/drain electrodes, and forming a second via on where corresponding to the active layer, the first metal layer and the second metal layer being connected at the first via;
step 5, manufacturing a pixel electrode with a fifth photo-mask, the pixel electrode and the source/drain electrodes being directly connected at the second via, the second metal layer being covered and protected by the pixel electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,192,866

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

FUJITSU SEMICONDUCTOR LIM...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a semiconductor substrate including a first region and a second region;
a semiconductor layer formed on the upper surface of the semiconductor substrate;
a first impurity region formed in the first region of the semiconductor substrate and including a first impurity;
a second impurity region formed in the second region of the semiconductor layer and including a second impurity;
a first gate insulating film formed on the semiconductor layer in the first region;
a second gate insulating film formed on the semiconductor layer in the second region;
a first gate electrode formed on the first gate insulating film;
a second gate electrode formed on the second gate insulating film;
a first source region and a first drain region formed in the semiconductor layer at both sides of the first gate electrode, and having a conductivity type opposite to a conductivity type of the first impurity region; and
a second source region and a second drain region formed in the semiconductor layer at both sides of the second gate electrode, and having a conductivity type opposite to a conductivity type of the second impurity region, and wherein
a maximum concentration peak of the second impurity in the second region is positioned in the semiconductor layer, a maximum concentration peak of the first impurity in the first region is positioned in the first impurity region.

US Pat. No. 10,192,847

RAPID COOLING SYSTEM FOR A BOND HEAD HEATER

ASM TECHNOLOGY SINGAPORE ...

1. A bond head, comprising:an insulation block;
a heater plate attached to the insulation block and a collet located on the heater plate for holding a semiconductor device, the heater plate being operative to heat the semiconductor device that is held by the collet; and
a flow generation plate that is detachably mounted between the insulation block and the heater plate which is configured to direct cooling gas from the insulation block onto the heater plate so as to rapidly cool the heater plate;
wherein the flow generation plate is clamped between the insulation block and the heater plate such that a first planar surface of the flow generation plate faces the insulation block and a second planar surface of the flow generation plate that is opposite to the first planar surface faces the heater plate.

US Pat. No. 10,192,830

SELF-SIMILAR AND FRACTAL DESIGN FOR STRETCHABLE ELECTRONICS

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A electronic circuit comprising:an elastic substrate; and
a stretchable metallic or semiconducting device component supported by said elastic substrate; said stretchable metallic or semiconducting device component comprising a plurality of electrically conductive elements each having a primary unit cell shape, said electrically conductive elements connected in a sequence having a secondary shape providing an overall two-dimensional spatial geometry characterized by a plurality of spatial frequencies, wherein said two-dimensional spatial geometry is a self-similar two-dimensional geometry;
wherein said two-dimensional spatial geometry of said metallic or semiconducting device component allows for accommodation of elastic strain along one or more in-plane or out of plane dimensions, thereby providing stretchability of said electronic circuit, and
wherein said sequence of electrically conductive elements is further characterized by a tertiary shape comprising a repeating series of said electrically conductive elements comprising said secondary shape.

US Pat. No. 10,192,805

THERMALLY CONDUCTIVE AND ELECTRICALLY ISOLATING LAYERS IN SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURES

Newport Fab, LLC, Newpor...

1. A semiconductor structure comprising:a semiconductor wafer having at least one semiconductor device integrated in a first device layer;
a thermally conductive but electrically isolating layer on a front side of said semiconductor wafer, said thermally conductive but electrically isolating layer between said first device layer and a second device layer;
at least one passive device situated on said thermally conductive but electrically isolating layer and in said second device layer;
wherein said thermally conductive but electrically isolating layer is configured to dissipate heat from said at least one semiconductor device integrated in said first device layer.

US Pat. No. 10,192,803

THERMALLY ENHANCED SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE WITH THERMAL ADDITIVE AND PROCESS FOR MAKING THE SAME

Qorvo US, Inc., Greensbo...

1. A method comprising:providing a precursor package including a module substrate, a thinned flip chip die attached to an upper surface of the module substrate, a cavity over the upper surface of the thinned flip chip die, and a first mold compound component, wherein:
the first mold compound component resides over the upper surface of the module substrate, surrounds the thinned flip chip die, extends above the upper surface of the thinned flip chip die and surrounds the cavity; and
the cavity includes a lower region and an upper region that resides over the lower region;
applying at least one thermal additive throughout the lower region of the cavity and immediately adjacent to the upper surface of the thinned flip chip die, wherein the at least one thermal additive comprises a plurality of particulates;
applying a second mold compound in the cavity to fill the lower region and the upper region of the cavity such that the second mold compound is dispersed throughout the plurality of particulates of the at least one thermal additive in the lower region; and
curing the second mold compound to form a thermally enhanced mold compound component, which includes a lower portion filling the lower region of the cavity and an upper portion filling the upper region of the cavity, wherein:
the at least one thermal additive is dispersed throughout the lower portion; and
a first average thermal conductivity of the lower portion is at least 1.2 times greater than a second average thermal conductivity of the upper portion.

US Pat. No. 10,192,789

METHODS OF FABRICATING DUAL THRESHOLD VOLTAGE DEVICES

SPIN TRANSFER TECHNOLOGIE...

1. A method of fabricating a cylindrical device, comprising:providing a cylindrical device having two transistors sharing a common silicide source; and
creating the silicide source, including:
depositing multiple layers in succession on an oxidized silicon substrate, the multiple layers including at least an oxide layer and a planarization layer;
removing, at least partially, the oxide layer and the planarization layer until the silicon substrate is exposed;
removing, at least partially, the oxide layer to expose a horizontal cross section of the cylindrical device to create an annular silicon substrate area; and
after the removing, depositing a siliciding metal on the annular area to form the silicide source.

US Pat. No. 10,192,787

METHODS OF FABRICATING CONTACTS FOR CYLINDRICAL DEVICES

SPIN TRANSFER TECHNOLOGIE...

1. A method of forming a contact, comprising:at an annular device composed of a core and a plurality of layers that surround the core in succession, the plurality of layers including a first layer and a second layer, wherein the core and the second layer are separated by the first layer:
depositing a coating on a surface of the annular device, the surface including the core and the plurality of layers;
determining relative heights of the core, the first layer, and the second layer;
in accordance with a determination that the second layer has the largest relative height:
performing a first removal of the coating to expose the second layer;
depositing a first metal on the second layer;
performing a second removal of the coating to expose the core; and
depositing a second metal on the core;
in accordance with a determination that the core has the largest relative height:
etching a portion of the coating to expose the core; and
forming a first terminal by depositing a conductive material, wherein the conductive material contacts the exposed core and the first input terminal extends radially outward from the annular device.

US Pat. No. 10,192,730

METHODS FOR OPERATING ELECTROSTATIC TRAP MASS ANALYZERS

Thermo Finnigan LLC, San...

1. A method of operating an electrostatic trapping mass analyzer, comprising:introducing a sample of ions from a population of ions into a trapping region of the mass analyzer, wherein an established trapping field within the trapping region is such that ions of the introduced sample of ions are caused to exhibit radial motion with respect to a central longitudinal axis of the trapping region while undergoing harmonic motion in a dimension z defined by the central longitudinal axis of the trapping region, the frequency of harmonic motion of a particular ion being a function of its mass-to-charge ratio;
superimposing a multi-frequency periodic modulation field onto the trapping field within the trapping region, wherein the multi-frequency periodic modulation field comprises a plurality of frequencies, each frequency associated with a respective amplitude, wherein the multi-frequency periodic modulation field acts to either increase or reduce the harmonic motion energies of the ions by an amount varying according to the frequency of harmonic motion, and wherein either the frequencies are randomly chosen from a frequency range or the amplitudes are randomly chosen; and
acquiring a mass spectrum of the ions in the trapping region by measuring a signal representative of an image current induced by the harmonic motion of the ions.

US Pat. No. 10,192,720

PLASMA PROCESSING APPARATUS

Hitachi High-Technologies...

1. A plasma processing apparatus comprising:a processing chamber disposed inside a vacuum vessel having a sidewall made of a dielectric material having transparency or translucency, the processing chamber configured to be internally reduced in pressure;
a stage disposed at a lower portion inside the processing chamber and configured to mount a wafer to be processed thereon;
a coil disposed around outer side of the sidewall, the coil configured to be supplied with radio-frequency power and form plasma above the stage in the processing chamber;
a lamp disposed above the coil outside the vacuum vessel, the lamp configured to radiate light onto the wafer from an upper portion of the processing chamber;
a reflector disposed around an outer side of the coil, the reflector configured to reflect the light to radiate towards an inside of the processing chamber; and
a member disposed between the lamp and the stage, the member being configured to change direction of the light from the lamp and suppress expansion of the light toward an outside of the processing chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,192,709

RELATIVISTIC MAGNETRON USING A VIRTUAL CATHODE

STC.UNM, Albuquerque, NM...

1. A relativistic magnetron comprising:an anode with an entrant channel, said channel having an input end, an output end, said channel having a first region and a second region, said first region in communication with said second region and having a smaller radius than said second region, said first and second regions forming a dimensional discontinuity at the location where said channel changes from said first region to said second region, said dimensional discontinuity located between said input and output ends of said channel;
said channel connected to the magnetron anode defining an interaction space located between said dimensional discontinuity and said output end;
a cathode located upstream a spaced distance away from said interaction space towards said input end, said cathode adapted to send an electron beam into said interaction space;
said electron beam forms a virtual cathode in said interaction space; and
a magnetic mirror configured to suppress axial electron beam leakage current.

US Pat. No. 10,192,704

TUNING FORK TERMINAL SLOW BLOW FUSE

LITTELFUSE, INC., Chicag...

10. A fuse comprising:a housing having first and second halves defining an upper housing portion and a lower housing portion;
a fusible member having first and second terminal portions and a fusible link connected between said first and second terminal portions, each of said first and second terminal portions having first and second prongs and a gap disposed therebetween, said fusible link disposed completely within said upper housing portion and said first and second terminal portions extending away from said fusible link and disposed completely within said lower housing portion, said lower housing portion defining a sidewall extending adjacent substantially an entire length of the first prong such that when a receiving terminal is inserted into said gap the sidewall provides a retention force against substantially the entire length of said first prong; and
a partition formed within said lower housing portion and extending the length of and disposed between the second prong of the first terminal portion and the second prong of the second terminal portion, wherein a distance between each of the second prongs and the partition increases from a first end of each of the second prongs proximate the upper portion to a second end of each of the second prongs distal from the upper portion for allowing the second ends to be displaced a distance toward the partition before engaging the partition.

US Pat. No. 10,192,607

PERIODIC ZQ CALIBRATION WITH TRAFFIC-BASED SELF-REFRESH IN A MULTI-RANK DDR SYSTEM

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for memory calibration, comprising:scheduling a ZQ calibration short (ZQCS) command to calibrate a multi-rank double data rate (DDR) memory system according to a ZQ interval;
recording that a dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) rank in the multi-rank DDR memory system missed the ZQCS command in response to determining that the DRAM rank was is in a self-refresh mode at the ZQ interval; and
scheduling a ZQ command to calibrate the DRAM rank after exiting the self-refresh mode based at least in part on a number of ZQCS commands that were missed while the DRAM rank was in the self-refresh mode.

US Pat. No. 10,192,602

SMART CACHE DESIGN TO PREVENT OVERFLOW FOR A MEMORY DEVICE WITH A DYNAMIC REDUNDANCY REGISTER

SPIN TRANSFER TECHNOLOGIE...

1. A memory device for storing data, the memory device comprising:a memory bank comprising a plurality of addressable memory cells configured in a plurality of segments wherein each segment contains N rows per segment, wherein the memory bank comprises a total of B entries, and wherein said memory cells are characterized by having a prescribed word error rate, E;
a pipeline comprising M pipestages and configured to process write operations of a first plurality of data words addressed to a given segment of said memory bank; and
a cache memory comprising Y number of entries, said cache memory associated with said given segment of said memory bank wherein said cache memory is operable for storing a second plurality of data words and associated memory addresses, and wherein further each data word of said second plurality of data words is either awaiting write verification associated with said given segment of said memory bank or is to be re-written into said given segment of said memory bank, and wherein said Y number of entries is based on said M, said N and said prescribed word error rate, E, to prevent overflow of said cache memory.

US Pat. No. 10,192,601

MEMORY INSTRUCTION PIPELINE WITH AN ADDITIONAL WRITE STAGE IN A MEMORY DEVICE THAT USES DYNAMIC REDUNDANCY REGISTERS

SPIN TRANSFER TECHNOLOGIE...

1. A memory pipeline for performing a write operation in a memory device, the memory pipeline comprising:an input register operable to receive a first data word and an associated address to be written into a memory bank;
a first write register of a first pipe-stage coupled to the input register and operable to receive the first data word and the associated address from the input register in a first clock cycle, wherein the first write register is further operable to perform a first attempt at writing said data word into the memory bank at a location corresponding to the associated address; and
a second write register of a second pipe-stage coupled to the first write register and operable to receive the first data word and the associated address from the first write register in a second clock cycle, wherein the second write register is further operable to perform a second attempt at writing the first data word into the memory bank at the location corresponding to the associated address, and further wherein a second data word is input into the first write register in the second clock cycle subsequent to writing the first data word into the second write register from the first write register, wherein the second pipe-stage follows the first pipe-stage.

US Pat. No. 10,192,559

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR DECOMPRESSING A COMPRESSED HOA SIGNAL

Dolby Laboratories Licens...

1. A method of decoding a compressed Higher Order Ambisonics (HOA) representation of a sound or soundfield, the method comprising:receiving a bit stream containing the compressed HOA representation;
determining whether there are multiple layers relating to the compressed HOA representation;
decoding, based on a determination that there are multiple layers, the compressed HOA representation from the bitstream to obtain a sequence of decoded HOA representations, wherein a first subset of the sequence of decoded HOA representations corresponds to a first set of indices and a second subset of the sequence of decoded HOA representations corresponds to a second set of indices,
wherein the first set of indices is based on OMIN channels,
wherein, for each index in the first set of indices, a corresponding decoded HOA representation in the first subset is determined based on only a corresponding ambient HOA component,
wherein the second set of indices is determined based on at least one of the multiple layers, and
where, for an index n and a frame k,
wherein ?AMB,n(k?1) represents a corresponding ambient sound component and ?n,PS(k?1) represents a corresponding predominant sound component.

US Pat. No. 10,192,508

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL IMAGE DISPLAY SYSTEM

Sakai Display Products Co...

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a timing controller extracting a vertical synchronizing signal and a horizontal synchronizing signal from an input image signal;
a display panel provided with a plurality of scan lines and a plurality of signal lines perpendicularly crossing the plurality of scan lines, and performing a display, in a case where a scanning voltage is applied to a scan line, in accordance with a signal voltage applied to a signal line based on an image signal;
a scan driving unit sequentially applying a scanning voltage to each of the scan lines in accordance with the extracted vertical synchronizing signal and horizontal synchronizing signal; and
a signal driving unit for applying a signal voltage to each of the signal lines,
wherein
the timing controller operates the scan driving unit at a predetermined frame rate,
the timing controller outputs an image signal which is based on the input image signal and whose vertical resolution is half of the vertical resolution of the display panel and whose horizontal resolution matches the horizontal resolution of the display panel to the signal driving unit, and
the signal driving unit comprises:
a data latch for latching the image signal received from the timing controller; and
a line memory for duplicating pixel data of the image signal received from the data latch,
wherein
each pixel of data of the image signal received from the data latch is duplicated by storing each pixel of data of the image signal received from the data latch in areas of two pixels of the line memory,
the duplication of the pixel data results in the vertical resolution of the image signal received from the timing controller being doubled, and
the signal driving unit applies the signal voltage to each of the signal lines in accordance with the image signal which is stored in the line memory, and of which the vertical resolution is twice the vertical resolution of the image signal received from the timing controller.

US Pat. No. 10,192,473

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IMAGE PROCESSING

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An image processing method of a display apparatus, the method comprising:receiving an image frame;
performing image quality enhancement with respect to the received image frame;
identifying color where color cast is present by analyzing at least one of an illumination element and a tint element of the received image frame;
identifying whether to correct the color where the color cast is present based on casting intensity of the received image frame and casting intensity of the image frame with the enhanced image quality;
correcting the color in the received image frame where the color cast is present by using color distribution of the received image frame and color distribution of the image frame with enhanced image quality; and
outputting the image frame having the corrected color on a screen of a display.

US Pat. No. 10,192,443

COLLISION AVOIDANCE SYSTEM AND COLLISION AVOIDANCE METHOD

The Yokohama Rubber Co., ...

1. A collision avoidance system comprising:a detection device that is provided in a host vehicle and detects behavior of a leading vehicle traveling in front of the host vehicle in a non-contact manner, wherein the detection device detects the behavior of the leading vehicle by using at least one of a radar device, a laser scanner, a three-dimensional rangefinder or an imaging device, and wherein the behavior of the leading traveling in front of the host vehicle corresponds to a detected pattern indicating a rate of change of the leading vehicle's orientation relative to the host vehicle;
a warning device that carries out a warning operation pertaining to a warning directed at a following vehicle traveling behind the host vehicle, the warning corresponding to the behavior of the leading vehicle; and
a control device that controls the warning device on a basis of a detection result from the detection device, the detection result corresponding to the behavior of the leading vehicle,
the control device controlling the warning device to carry out the warning operation directed at the following vehicle in a case where the behavior of the leading vehicle indicated by the detection result corresponds to a predetermined unnatural behavioral pattern, wherein the predetermined unnatural behavioral pattern includes at least one of a predetermined behavioral pattern indicating it is possible that a driver of the leading vehicle has fallen asleep while driving, a predetermined behavioral pattern indicating it is possible that the driver of the leading vehicle is intoxicated, or a predetermined behavioral pattern corresponding to dangerous driving performed by the driver of the leading vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,192,406

SCREEN ACTIVITY MODERATION IN A SKILL WAGERING INTERLEAVED GAME

Gamblit Gaming, LLC, Gle...

1. A casino electronic game machine providing a screen activity moderated skill wagering interleaved game that includes an entertainment game and a gambling game, comprising:a real world engine, wherein the real world engine provides the gambling game based upon a change in a rate of the gambling game, and wherein the real world engine comprises:
a real world credit meter;
a random number generator; and
a real world credit pay table, wherein the real world engine is configured to:
receive real world credit from a portable media, wherein the portable media includes at least one member of a group including currency, a voucher and a smart card; and
provide a randomly generated payout of real world credits from a wager of real world credits in the gambling game using the random number generator and real world credit pay table; and
augment an amount of real world credits stored in the real world credit meter based on the randomly generated payout of real world credits to the real world credit meter;
an entertainment system engine constructed to:
execute the entertainment game to resolve a random event in the entertainment game to generate random event results; and
provide the random event results to a game world engine;
a display screen configured to:
display the random event results of the wagers; and
display a certain level of screen activity;
a user input device configured to receive from a player a wagering amount to use during game play; and
the game world engine constructed to:
monitor a level of screen activity of the display of the entertainment game;
determine a threshold level of screen activity;
determine if the screen activity of the entertainment game play exceeds the threshold level;
determine an occurrence of a gambling event in the gambling game based on play of the entertainment game executed by the entertainment system engine;
when the threshold level of screen activity is exceeded, pause the gambling game;
when the threshold level of screen activity is not exceeded, request a resolution to the gambling event by the real world engine;
determine gambling results based upon the random event results; and
provide the gambling results to the entertainment system engine for use in executing the entertainment game.

US Pat. No. 10,192,377

MOVABLE BARRIER OPERATOR CONFIGURED FOR REMOTE ACTUATION

ELIKA ACCESS SYSTEMS, LLC...

1. A method performed by an onboard computer on a vehicle for controlling a movable barrier, comprising:receiving a communication initiated by a movable barrier operator, the communication including an invitation from a movable barrier operator to join a local wireless network of the movable barrier operator;
sending a request to join the local wireless network, wherein the request includes a unique identifier associated with an authorized user;
launching an application in response to receiving the invitation, the application for requesting a user input associated with actuation of the movable barrier;
detecting whether the onboard computer has joined the local network; and
automatically generating a movable barrier actuation command in response to the vehicle onboard computer joining the local wireless network.

US Pat. No. 10,192,368

METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING AN AUXILIARY POWER UNIT FAULT

GE Aviation Systems Limit...

1. A method of diagnosing an auxiliary power unit fault in an aircraft having an auxiliary power unit (APU) and multiple sensors related to the auxiliary power unit, components thereof, and systems related thereto, the method comprising:receiving, during at least one of pre-flight or post-flight, a sensor signal from at least one of the multiple sensors to define a sensor output;
comparing, by a controller, the sensor output to a reference value for the sensor output;
diagnosing, by a controller, a fault associated with the auxiliary power unit based on the comparison between the sensor output and the reference value; and
providing, by a controller, an indication of the diagnosed fault.

US Pat. No. 10,192,363

MATH OPERATIONS IN MIXED OR VIRTUAL REALITY

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system comprising:a mixed or virtual reality display device; and
a computing device communicatively coupled to the mixed or virtual reality display device, the computing device comprising:
one or more processors;
memory; and
one or more modules stored in the memory and executable by the one or more processors to perform operations comprising:
displaying source material via a display of the mixed or virtual reality display device;
displaying a graphical representation of an operator via the display of the mixed or virtual reality display device;
determining that a virtual line of sight from a virtual location of a user of the mixed or virtual reality display device to the source material intersects the graphical representation of the operator;
based, at least in part, on the virtual line of sight intersecting the graphical representation of the operator, displaying, via the display of the mixed or virtual reality display device, first results of at least one portion of the source material being modified by the operator;
displaying additional graphical representations of respective operators via the display of the mixed or virtual reality display device;
receiving real-time commands to direct at least one of positioning or ordering of the additional graphical representations of the respective operators to be located in new locations;
determining that the virtual line of sight to the source material intersects the additional graphical representations of the respective operators located in the new locations; and
based, at least in part, on the virtual line of sight intersecting one or more of the additional graphical representations of the respective operators, displaying, via the display of the mixed or virtual reality display device, second results of the at least one portion of the source material being modified by one or more of the respective operators.

US Pat. No. 10,192,311

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR CODEWORD BOUNDARY DETECTION FOR GENERATING DEPTH MAPS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method, operable by an image processing device, for generating a depth map, the method comprising:receiving an image, the image corresponding to a light field projected through a mask onto a scene, wherein the received image corresponds to one or more codewords, each codeword comprising one or more codeword bits, each codeword bit comprising one or more pixels;
detecting one or more codeword boundaries, each codeword boundary corresponding to a particular codeword bit of a codeword, wherein each detected codeword boundary is constrained from overlapping with other detected codeword boundaries, such that each pixel of the image is included within an enclosed codeword boundary and no pixel is included within more than one enclosed codeword boundary;
identifying one or more codewords corresponding to the one or more detected codeword boundaries;
utilizing at least one disparity value between (i) a location on the image of an identified codeword of the one or more identified codewords and (ii) a location associated with the identified codeword on the projected light field to generate a disparity map; and
generating a depth map based on the disparity map.

US Pat. No. 10,192,297

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CREATING, STREAMING, AND RENDERING HDR IMAGES

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A user equipment (UE) for rendering a high dynamic range (HDR) image comprising:a modem configured to receive a compressed bitstream and metadata, wherein the compressed bitstream includes a first standard dynamic range (SDR) image and a second SDR image and wherein the metadata includes a plurality of blend factors corresponding to view directions;
a decoder configured to decode the compressed bitstream to generate the first SDR image and the second SDR image;
an inertial measurement unit configured to determine viewpoint information based on an orientation of the UE;
a graphics processing unit (GPU) configured to:
combine the first SDR image and the second SDR image to generate a view dependent HDR image based on the blend factors and the viewpoint information;
map the HDR image onto a surface; and
render a portion of the mapped HDR image based on the metadata and the viewpoint information; and
a display configured to display the portion of the mapped HDR image.

US Pat. No. 10,192,280

PER-VERTEX VARIABLE RATE SHADING

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of variable rate shading (VRS), the method comprising:rasterizing, by a graphics processing unit (GPU), a primitive into a plurality of samples, wherein vertices of the primitive are associated with VRS parameters;
determining, by the GPU, a VRS quality group that comprises one or more sub regions of the plurality of samples based at least in part on the VRS parameters, including:
determining, by the GPU, a VRS quality value for each of a plurality of sub regions of the plurality of samples based at least in part on the VRS parameters, and
combining, by the GPU, two or more of the plurality of sub regions of the plurality of samples into the VRS quality group based at least in part on the VRS quality value for each of the two or more of the plurality of sub regions;
fragment shading, by the GPU, a VRS tile that represents the VRS quality group, wherein the VRS tile comprises fewer samples than the VRS quality group; and
amplifying, by the GPU, the fragment shaded VRS tile into stored samples that correspond to the VRS quality group.

US Pat. No. 10,192,248

SERVER DEVICE, INFORMATION DEVICE, POWER OUTLET, CHARGING INFORMATION GENERATING METHOD, AND CHARGING INFORMATION GENERATING PROGRAM

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An electric charging information generation method in an electric charging system including: a receptacle including an electric charging device which charges up information equipment during an electric charging period for electric charging of the information equipment and a server apparatus including a non-transitory memory storing user information in which a plurality of user identifiers are associated with a corresponding accumulated electric charging bonus point, the electric charging information generation method comprising:identifying, by the server apparatus performing searching using the stored user information, a person associated with a user identifier corresponding to an accumulated electric charging bonus point equal to or less than a predetermined value and who is performing the electric charging of the information equipment;
generating, by the server apparatus, purchase information for display on the information equipment, the purchase information indicating that the electric charging period for the electric charging of the information equipment may be extended by purchase of a product or service;
transmitting, from the server apparatus to the information equipment, the purchase information;
determining, by the server apparatus, whether or not purchase amount information has been received from the information equipment, the purchase amount information indicating the purchase of the product or service, and the purchase amount information being generated by a register after receiving input of the purchase of the product or service and transmitted from the register to the server apparatus via the information equipment; and
when the server apparatus determines that the purchase amount information has been received, (i) increasing the accumulated electric charging bonus point corresponding to the customer identifier in the user information, (ii) generating electric charging information to extend the electric charging period for the electric charging of the information equipment, and (iii) transmitting, from the server apparatus to the receptacle via the information equipment, the electric charging information,
wherein upon receipt of the electric charging information, the receptacle controls the charging of the information equipment according to the electric charging information.

US Pat. No. 10,192,236

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR AUTOMATICALLY GENERATING ADVERTISEMENTS

Guangzhou Kuaizi Informat...

1. A system for automatically displaying advertisements on interfaces of user terminals, comprising:at least one network port to communicate with a first group of user terminals and a second group of user terminals via a network;
at least one processor coupled to the at least one network port, wherein during operation the at least one processor is configured to cause the system to:
generate a first plurality of ads including a first plurality of advertisement elements, and each of the first plurality of advertisement elements including one or more information components of a first plurality of information components;
display the first plurality of ads on at least one interface of the first group of user terminals by transmitting, via the at least one network port, the first plurality of ads to the first group of user terminals;
determine at least one of a click-through rate, a number of impressions, or a conversion rate for the first plurality of ads associated with the first group of user terminals;
determine at least one of a click-through rate, a number of impressions or a conversion rate of the first plurality of information components based on the at least one of the click-through rate, the number of impressions or the conversion rate of the first plurality of ads;
obtain a ranking of the first plurality of information components based on the at least one of a click-through rate, a number of impressions or a conversion rate of the first plurality of information components;
automatically generate a second plurality of ads including at least one information component of the first plurality of information components based, at least in part, on the ranking; and
display the second plurality of ads on at least one interface of the second group of user terminals by transmitting, via the at least one network port, the second plurality of ads to the second group of user terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,192,232

WIRELESS ELECTRONIC COUPONING TECHNIQUE

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. An apparatus comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory including computer program code for one or more programs,
the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, cause the apparatus to perform at least the following,
receive an electronic coupon with coupon information, wherein the coupon information includes forwardability information that allows forwarding of the electronic coupon to one or more wireless mobile terminals;
store the coupon information in the apparatus;
display a visual representation of the electronic coupon based, at least in part, on the coupon information;
wirelessly transfer the coupon information to a point of sale (POS) terminal for validation and redemption based, at least in part, on the transmitted coupon information.

US Pat. No. 10,192,228

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO DETERMINE RATINGS INFORMATION FOR ONLINE MEDIA PRESENTATIONS

THE NIELSEN COMPANY (US),...

1. An audience measurement entity device, comprising:a communications interface to:
transmit first instructions which, when executed by a client device, cause the client device to transmit messages in response to presentations of portions of media; and
transmit a second message to the client device in response to a beacon request sent by the client device or in response to one of first messages sent by the client device based on the first instructions, ones of the first messages corresponding to different ones of the portions of the media presented at the client device, the second message to cause the client device to transmit a third message to a database proprietor, the third message to cause the database proprietor to transmit demographic information associated with the client device; and
a processor to:
determine, based on one of the first messages and the demographic information, a first demographic characteristic associated with a first one of the portions of the media presented at the client device;
determine numbers of impressions for respective ones of the portions of the media based on the first messages and based on fourth messages from other client devices; and
determine respective demographic characteristics corresponding to the impressions based on the first demographic characteristic, the first messages, and the fourth messages.

US Pat. No. 10,192,201

ELECTRONIC IDEA NOTEBOOK

Uma Valeti LLC, St. Paul...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:receiving, from a device associated with a user of a hosted computer system, entries in a template of an electronic invention disclosure form that summarizes an invention made by one or more inventors;
linking the invention disclosure form to multiple discontinuous portions of an inventor's notebook that is separate from the invention disclosure form and contains descriptions of development of the invention that were made before the electronic invention disclosure form was completed, wherein the portions of the inventor's notebook that are linked to by the invention disclosure form contain detail for concepts that are summarized in the invention disclosure form and portions of the summarized concepts in the invention disclosure form are selectable by a user to be shown the corresponding portions of the inventor's notebook;
providing invitations to a collaboration space for the invention, whereby acceptance of the invitation provides access to at least a portion of the invention disclosure form; and
providing secure access to invitees into the collaboration space, wherein the invitees are determined to have been invited to the particular collaboration space before being given access to the particular collaboration space.

US Pat. No. 10,192,187

COMPARISON OF CLIENT AND BENCHMARK DATA

Visier Solutions, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:generating, by a server, a mapping table, wherein the mapping table maps dimensions and dimension members of client data to dimensions and dimension members of benchmark data, wherein the dimensions of the client data include a first set of dimensions, wherein the dimensions of the benchmark data include a second set of dimensions, and wherein the first set is different from the second set;
receiving, by the server, a query that corresponds to a plurality of values corresponding to the client data, wherein a first storage location stores a first subset of the client data that corresponds to a first set of the plurality of values and a second storage location stores a second subset of the client data that corresponds to a second set of the plurality of values, wherein the first storage location is different from the second storage location, wherein the query identifies a selection of a measure, a first dimension member of the client data, and an external benchmark from an application executed by a computing device, wherein the first dimension member is associated with a first dimension level of a plurality of hierarchically arranged dimension levels in an ontology;
determining, by the server after receiving the query, that the first subset of the client data corresponds to the first set of the plurality of values and the second subset of the client data corresponds to the second set of the plurality of values;
responsive to receiving the query, dividing the query into a plurality of data requests, the plurality of data requests including a first request with respect to the first subset and a second request with respect to the second subset;
computing, by the server, a result value of the measure for the first dimension member based on a combination of a plurality of responses to the plurality of data requests, wherein computing the result value comprises executing a multidimensional operation on the client data corresponding to the first dimension member;
upon determining that the benchmark data associated with the external benchmark does not include a dimension member that matches the first dimension member in the first dimension level:
automatically identifying, by the server, a plurality of dimension members of the benchmark data based on the mapping table, wherein each of the plurality of dimension members is a hierarchical descendant of the first dimension member in the ontology; and
computing, by the server, a benchmark result value of the measure based on each of the plurality of dimension members using one or more models that relate the first dimension member to the plurality of dimension members; and
sending the result value and the benchmark result value to the application.

US Pat. No. 10,192,169

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MAKING EFFECTIVE USE OF SYSTEM RESOURCES

salesforce.com, inc., Sa...

1. A method comprising:receiving a plurality of requests for access to a resource with a training module of a on-demand services environment provided by one or more computing devices, each request having an associated group of features to be mapped to labels within the on-demand services environment;
generating a statistical model with the training module within the on-demand services environment, wherein the statistical model provides a prediction of resources required by a subsequent request based on features of the corresponding subsequent requests, the subsequent request received from a remote computing device;
allocating resources within the on-demand services environment to service the subsequent request based on the prediction;
utilizing the allocated resources within the on-demand services environment with the one or more computing devices to generate a result; and
transmitting the result to the remote computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,192,166

COMPUTATION OF RECEIVER OPERATING CHARACTERISTIC CURVES

SAS Institute Inc., Cary...

1. A method for finding a distributed computed solution for true positive rates and false positive rates comprising:receiving, by each computing device of a plurality of computing devices, a value defining a number of probability bins, wherein a plurality of unsorted records is distributed across the plurality of computing devices;
initializing, by each computing device of the plurality of computing devices, a true count value for each of the defined number of probability bins;
initializing, by each computing device of the plurality of computing devices, a false count value for each of the defined number of probability bins;
(a) reading, by a current computing device, a truth of event occurrence from a current record of a subset of the plurality of unsorted records stored on the current computing device;
(b) reading, by the current computing device, a probability of occurrence from the current record;
(c) determining, by the current computing device, a probability bin of the probability bins that includes the probability of occurrence;
(d) incrementing, by the current computing device, the true count value of the determined probability bin when the truth of event occurrence indicates true;
(e) incrementing, by the current computing device, the false count value of the determined probability bin when the truth of event occurrence indicates false;
(f) repeating (a) to (e) with each record of the subset of the plurality of unsorted records stored on the current computing device as the current record;
(g) after processing the subset of the plurality of unsorted records stored on the current computing device, sending, by the current computing device, the true count value and the false count value for each probability bin of the probability bins to a master computing device,
wherein (a) to (g) is performed by each computing device of the plurality of computing devices as the current computing device;
receiving, by the master computing device, the true count value and the false count value for each probability bin of the probability bins from each computing device of the plurality of computing devices;
determining, by the master computing device, a total number of true event occurrences;
determining, by the master computing device, a total number of false event occurrences;
computing, by the master computing device, a true positive rate for each probability bin of the probability bins based on the true count value of the probability bin and the determined total number of true event occurrences;
computing, by the master computing device, a false positive rate for each probability bin of the probability bins based on the false count value of the probability bin and the determined total number of false event occurrences; and
outputting, by the master computing device, the true positive rate and the false positive rate for each probability bin of the probability bins for selection of an operating point to determine occurrence of an event.

US Pat. No. 10,192,079

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MAGNETIC STRIPE READING USING MOBILE MAGNETOMETERS

eBay Inc., San Jose, CA ...

1. A mobile device, comprising:a housing having a surface for swiping a magnetic swipe card;
a magnetometer, positioned within the housing configured to detect magnetic information from the magnetic swipe card and to produce digital magnetometer output signals representing the magnetic information;
a hardware processor coupled to the magnetometer, the hardware processor configured to:
filter the digital magnetometer output signals based, at least in part, on a magnitude of the digital magnetometer output signals, and
provide data derived from the filtered digital magnetometer output signals to an application for processing.

US Pat. No. 10,192,076

SECURITY HOUSING WITH RECESSES FOR TAMPER LOCALIZATION

SQUARE, INC., San Franci...

1. A secure electronic system having a tamper detection circuit that includes a housing portion and a board portion and that detects one or more tampering attempts, the secure electronic system comprising:a security housing enclosing at least a portion of a circuit board, the security housing comprising:
a non-conductive housing comprising:
an interior surface facing the circuit board, and
an exterior surface,
a plurality of recesses within the interior surface of the non-conductive housing, wherein each recess of the plurality of recesses is in a different one of a plurality of zones of the security housing,
the housing portion of the tamper detection circuit running along the interior surface of the non-conductive housing including along the plurality of recesses, and
an insulative covering layered over the housing portion of the tamper detection circuit other than over the plurality of recesses; and the circuit board, the circuit board comprising:
a board, and
the board portion of the tamper detection circuit that is disposed along the board and that is electrically connected to the housing portion of the tamper detection circuit via a plurality of connector pieces thereby completing the tamper detection circuit, the board portion of the tamper detection circuit configured to detect tampering with the tamper detection circuit, wherein a tamper zone of the plurality of zones of the security housing is identified based on at least one voltage condition at one or more of the plurality of recesses, the tamper zone corresponding to a location of tampering.

US Pat. No. 10,192,028

DATA ANALYSIS DEVICE AND METHOD THEREFOR

Hitachi High-Technologies...

1. A data analysis device comprising:at least one storage medium configured to store a reference genome sequence database and a read sequence database, the genome sequence database including data representing a plurality of reference genome sequences and lengths at which partial sequences starting from base positions of the reference genome sequences become unique, and the read sequence database including data representing a Burrows-Wheeler Transform (BWT) of a plurality of read base sequences and a plurality of integer values representing a plurality of predetermined head bases of a sorted list of cyclic permutations (SLCP) corresponding to the read base sequences; and
a processor programmed to:
select a key sequence on the basis of a specified genome region to be analyzed, the key sequence being a partial sequence with a length of a first minimum length for uniqueness (MLU) in the specified genome region which is determined by referring to the genome sequence database,
determine a depth of the key sequence by referring to the BWT and the integer values of the head bases of the SLCP of the read sequence database, the depth being a number of the read base sequences that contain the key sequence,
scan the specified genome region and estimate a position by referring to the read sequence database based on the first MLU and the determined depth of the key sequence,
acquire a partial gene sequence with a second MLU from the estimated position,
extract the read base sequences containing the partial gene sequence at the estimated position from the read sequence database,
compare the extracted read base sequences with the reference genome sequences to analyze the specified genome region, and
output a result of the analysis.

US Pat. No. 10,191,943

DECORRELATION OF USER-DEFINED FUNCTION INVOCATIONS IN QUERIES

Indian Institute of Techn...

1. A computer-implemented method for transforming user-defined-function invocations within a query-based environment, the method comprising:receiving a query with a user-defined-function (UDF) containing code written using imperative language constructs;
transforming the imperatively defined UDF into an algebraic first expression tree, wherein generating part of the algebraic first expression tree comprises:
determining a type of statement from a plurality of statements,
choosing an apply-merge operator when the statement is an assignment statement,
choosing a conditional-apply-merge operator when the statement is an if-then-else conditional statement,
choosing a cross-apply operator when the statement is a return statement, and
applying the operator to the statement to generate part of the algebraic first expression tree;
constructing a second expression tree representation of the query absent the UDF;
generating a transformed expression representation of the query by merging the algebraic first expression tree and the second expression tree based on parameters of the algebraic first expression tree, and attributes of the second expression tree; and
simplifying the transformed expression using transformation rules, based on a determination that the transformed expression can be simplified.

US Pat. No. 10,191,939

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SOCIAL APPEND

SALESFORCE.COM, INC., Sa...

1. A computer-implemented method for providing social handles, the method comprising:receiving, by a server computing system in an on-demand service environment, a request for normalized social handles, the request including contact information;
determining, by the server computing system, whether one or more normalized social handles matching the contact information exists in a social handle database, the one or more normalized social handles corresponding to publicly available social handles provided by one or more social networks;
causing, by the server computing system, upon determining that one or more matching normalized social handles do not exist in the social handle database, a search to be performed using the contact information to identify publicly available social handle uniform resource locators (URLs), each of the publicly available social handle URLs including a protocol identifier, special characters, and a social handle identification (ID) of an entity associated with the contact information embedded within the URL;
modifying, by the server computing system, the identified public available social handle URLs by removing the special characters embedded in the identified public available social handle URLs and maintaining the protocol identifiers and social handle IDs embedded in the identified public available social handle URLs, each of the modified public available social handle URLs being normalized valid social handle URLs that includes the maintained protocol identifier, at least a portion of the identified public available social handle URL, and the maintained social handle ID; and
providing, by the server computing system, the normalized social handles.

US Pat. No. 10,191,934

DE-DUPLICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A de-duplication system comprising:a memory;
a first storage device;
a second storage device;
a first processor, wherein the processor:
determines a calculation range of content input from a client terminal based upon a predetermined maximum chunk size and a predetermined minimum chunk size,
sets at least a first and second small calculation ranges, both the first and second small calculation ranges being smaller than the first calculation range,
sets the positions of windows for rolling hash calculation with respect to the first and second small calculation ranges at integral multiples of a width of each of the windows so that successive windows overlap, and
subjects the at least first and second small calculation ranges to a rolling hash calculation with shifting of the windows set to the first and second small calculation ranges based on parallel processing to form a cut-out chunk from the content; and
a second processor communicatively coupled to the memory, the first storage device, the second storage device, and the first processor, wherein the second processor:
does not store the cut-out chunk into the first storage device when the chunk having the same contents as the cut-out chunk is already stored in the first storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,880

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE USING THE TOPOLOGY OF AN ISING MODEL

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a spin array in which a spin unit is formed, the spin unit including a memory cell storing a value of one spin in an Ising model, a memory cell storing an interaction coefficient from an adjacent spin interacting with the spin, a memory cell storing an external magnetic field coefficient of the one spin, and a circuit deciding a next state of the one spin by binary majority decision logic based on a product of the value of each of the adjacent spins and the corresponding interaction coefficient, and the external magnetic field coefficient,
the spin array being formed by having a plurality of the spin units, each having each spin in the Ising model allocated thereto, arranged and connected on a two-dimensional plane on a semiconductor substrate in a state where a topology of the Ising model is maintained.

US Pat. No. 10,191,837

AUTOMATED END-TO-END ANALYSIS OF CUSTOMER SERVICE REQUESTS

VMware, Inc., Palo Alto,...

1. A computer-implemented method for providing an automated end-to-end analysis of customer service requests, said method comprising:receiving a core dump, wherein said core dump corresponds to said customer service request regarding a crash of a computer system;
automatically analyzing said core dump with a processor to generate analysis results, wherein said automatically analyzing said core dump further comprises:
automatically determining a culprit module responsible for said crash of said computer system; and
automatically generating a signature back trace, wherein said signature back trace pertains to a symptom of said crash of said computer system, and wherein said automatically determining a culprit module responsible for said crash of said computer system further comprises:
generating an essential stack of functions corresponding to said crash of said computer system;
determining a tag sequence and a tag depth corresponding to said essential stack of functions;
deriving a list of permissible tag permutations corresponding to said computer system; and
utilizing said tag sequence and said tag depth in combination with said list of permissible tag permutations to identify a culprit module responsible for said computer crash; and
generating a graphical representation for display on a graphic user interface of a computer, wherein said graphical representation corresponds to said analysis results for said core dump.

US Pat. No. 10,191,828

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO CONTROL A MONITORING AGENT IN A COMPUTING ENVIRONMENT

VMware, Inc., Palo Alto,...

1. A method to control a monitoring agent, the method comprising:instructing, by executing an instruction with a processor, a monitoring agent of a compute node to perform a first monitoring operation associated with a first monitoring level;
in response to the first monitoring operation returning a first result that is within an acceptable threshold, transitioning to a second monitoring level; and
in response to determining that the first monitoring operation is not expected to be executed within a threshold period of time, revoking an executable privilege of a pre-requisite of the first monitoring operation at the compute node.

US Pat. No. 10,191,719

MRAM-BASED PROGRAMMABLE MAGNETIC DEVICE FOR GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS

CROCUS TECHNOLOGY SA, Gr...

1. A programmable magnetic device for generating random numbers during a programming operation, comprising an array of a plurality of magnetic tunnel junctions, each magnetic tunnel junction comprising a reference layer having a reference magnetization a tunnel barrier layer; and a storage layer having a storage magnetization;the programmable magnetic device being arranged such that, during the programming operation, the storage magnetization is orientable in an unstable magnetization configuration and relaxable randomly in one of a plurality of stable or metastable configurations from the unstable magnetization configuration;
wherein said unstable magnetization configuration and said plurality of stable or metastable configurations are determined by magnetic interactions between adjacent the magnetic tunnel junctions within the array.

US Pat. No. 10,191,712

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND RECORDING MEDIUM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a signal receiver configured to receive a video signal from an external display apparatus;
a signal processor configured to process the video signal received by the signal receiver;
a display configured to display an image based on the video signal processed by the signal processor; and
a controller configured to:
among a plurality of frames in the video signal, identify a first frame including a first on-screen-display (OSD) menu generated by the external display apparatus and a second frame not including the first OSD menu, and
control the signal processor so that the display does not display an image based on the first frame of the video and displays an image based on the second frame of the video signal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,708

METHOD, APPARATRUS AND COMPUTER-READABLE MEDIUM FOR DISPLAYING IMAGE DATA

BEIJING XIAOMI MOBILE SOF...

1. A method for displaying image data, the method comprising:determining current spatial position information and attitude information of a terminal, and establishing a data connection between the terminal and a wearable device when detecting that an image-capturing component of the terminal is turned on;
sending image data captured by the image-capturing component to the wearable device for displaying the image data synchronously when the current spatial position information and attitude information of the terminal meet a preset condition that is disadvantageous for viewing a screen of the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,672

ASYNCHRONOUS COPYING OF DATA WITHIN MEMORY

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method executed by one or more processors, the method comprising:during execution of a software application by a processor, receiving, by a copy processor separate from the processor, a request for an asynchronous data copy operation to copy data within a memory accessible by the copy processor, wherein the request is received from a copy manager accessible by the software application in a user space of an operating system managing execution of the software application and includes an indication to the copy processor to set a completion flag upon completion of the asynchronous data copy operation instead of pass an interrupt to the copy manager upon completion of the asynchronous data copy operation;
in response to the request, initiating, by the copy processor, the asynchronous data copy operation;
continuing execution of the software application by the processor;
determining, by the copy processor, that the asynchronous data copy operation has completed; and
in response to determining that the asynchronous data copy operation has completed, selectively notifying based on the indication in the request to set the completion flag upon completion of the asynchronous data copy operation instead of pass the interrupt to the copy manager upon completion of the asynchronous data copy operation, by the copy processor, the software application that the asynchronous data copy operation has completed through the completion flag instead of the interrupt.

US Pat. No. 10,191,662

DYNAMIC ALLOCATION OF SEGMENTS IN A FLASH STORAGE SYSTEM

Pure Storage, Inc., Moun...

1. A method comprising:adjusting, by a host controller of a storage system during run-time, storage bandwidth for a storage system process responsive to an input output (I/O) write request to write data to the storage system that comprises a plurality of solid-state storage drives by:
calculating an allocation share for the storage system process requesting to write the data using a target ratio of open segments assigned to the storage system process, a target ratio of open segments assigned to other storage system processes having open segments, and a target number of open segments for the storage system; and
responsive to determining an open segment usage by the storage system process is under the allocation share for the storage system process, opening a new segment for the storage system process.

US Pat. No. 10,191,644

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, AND PROGRAM

Sony Corporation, (JP)

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:a controller communication unit configured to receive an electronic wireless signal conveying operation information; and
a processor configured to
detect a user's operation based on the operation information,
display content in a part including a middle of a display screen and display thumbnails corresponding to content belonging to one category in one direction along one side of the display screen in a region located separately from the middle of the display screen in a manner that the thumbnails overlap the displayed content,
move the displayed thumbnails according to the user's operation which indicates switching the one category to which the content corresponding to the displayed thumbnails belongs, and
display the thumbnails in groups such that a distance between any thumbnail in a group and any thumbnail in another group is greater than a distance between any two adjacent thumbnails within any one group, and such that at least one of the groups comprises two or more thumbnails and the thumbnails in the group do not overlap each other.

US Pat. No. 10,191,635

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF GENERATING A VIEW FOR A POINT OF INTEREST

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method of generating a view for an object, the method comprising:providing for display, with one or more processors, a first image related to the object;
generating, with the one or more processors, a task including information related to the object;
receiving, in response to the task, with the one or more processors, user manipulation of the first image with respect to the object, the user manipulation including bounding-box drawing operations;
determining, with the one or more processors based on the user manipulation of the first image with respect to the object, a viewpoint within at least a portion of the first image;
recording a viewcode for the object based on the viewpoint, the viewcode associating the viewpoint, the first image, and the task including the information related to the object; and
storing, with the one or more processors, the viewcode in a database.

US Pat. No. 10,191,622

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DESIGN AND DYNAMIC GENERATION OF A WEB PAGE

LivePerson, Inc., New Yo...

17. A computer-program product, tangibly embodied in a non-transitory machine-readable medium of a server device, including instructions configured to cause a data processing apparatus to:provide a toolbar including one or more cells for displaying content resources, wherein the toolbar is dynamically generated and displayed as an additional window with one or more pages of an application;
provide a plurality of content resources, wherein the plurality of content resources include resources of different content types, wherein at least one content resource is a real-time interactive element that facilitates a messaging communication with an available agent, and wherein an agent is available when the agent is available to participate in the messaging communication and has a skill specified by the application;
dynamically update display and content type of content resources presented in cells of the toolbar, wherein the display and content type of the content resources are dynamically updated in real-time as activities are performed on the application and as content of the application changes, wherein the display and content type of the content resources are dynamically updated using one or more content resource rules, and wherein the one or more content resource rules control a type of content resource to present in a toolbar based on one or more activities performed on one or more pages of an application and based on content of the one or more pages;
receive a request for a content resource, wherein the request is based on one or more detected activities performed on the one or more pages of the application;
select a content resource rule according to the one or more detected activities performed on the one or more pages of the application, wherein the content resource rule is evaluated to determine whether to provide a real-time interactive element that facilitates a messaging communication;
use the selected content resource rule to determine whether one or more agents are available to participate in a messaging communication, wherein the selected content resource rule is further used to determine whether the one or more agents have a skill specified by the application;
dynamically select a content resource using the selected content resource rule, wherein the content resource is selected when the one or more agents are determined to be available to participate in a messaging communication and to have the skill specified by the application, and wherein the selected content resource is a real-time interactive element that facilitates messaging communications between customer devices and one or more agent devices of one or more available agents having the skill;
provide the real-time interactive element for presentation in at least one of the cells of the toolbar displayed with the one or more pages, wherein content resources of different content types are presented within different cells of the toolbar, and wherein selection of the real-time interactive element facilitates a messaging communication between a customer device and an agent device associated with an available agent having the skill;
receive input corresponding to selection of the real-time interactive element; and
facilitate the messaging communication between the customer device and the agent device of the available agent having the skill.

US Pat. No. 10,191,606

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE WITH TOUCH SCREEN

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate smaller than the first substrate;
a touch detecting electrode for detecting a position;
a plurality of terminals provided on the first substrate for supplying a position detection voltage to the touch detecting electrode;
a wiring line provided on the first substrate and connecting to one of the plurality of terminals;
a transparent electrically conductive protecting layer is disposed above the second substrate; and
a flexible printed circuit board supplying a signal to the first substrate and connecting to the first substrate, wherein
the touch detecting electrode has a near side to the flexible printed circuit board and a far side which is opposed to the near side,
the touch detecting electrode has a first connecting portion and a second connecting portion which are electrically connects with one of the plurality of terminals respectively,
the first connecting portion supplies the position detecting voltage to the near side of the touch detecting electrode,
the second connecting portion supplies the position detecting voltage to the far side of the touch detecting electrode, and
the wiring line electrically connects between the second connecting portion and one of the plurality of terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,191,590

TOUCH WINDOW

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A touch window comprising:a substrate including an active area and an unactive area defined therein;
a sensing electrode on the substrate; and
a wire electrode connected to the sensing electrode,
wherein the wire electrode includes a first wire electrode, a second wire electrode and a reinforcement electrode connected to the first and second wire electrodes,
at least one of the first and second wire electrodes and the reinforcement electrode is formed in a mesh shape, and
the wire electrode extends from the active area to the unactive area,
wherein at least one of the first and second wire electrodes and the reinforcement electrode is disposed on the active area,
wherein the touch window further comprises a printed circuit board connected to the second wire electrode on the unactive area,
wherein the second wire electrode includes a first sub-second wire electrode connected to the reinforcement electrode and a second sub-second wire electrode connected to the printed circuit board, and
wherein the first sub-second wire electrode has a width different from a width of the second sub-second wire electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,191,589

SAMPLING FREQUENCY AND ACCUMULATOR SWEEPING IN A TOUCH SCREEN CONTROLLER

STMicroelectronics Asia P...

1. A circuit, comprising:a charge to voltage converter circuit having an input coupled to receive a sense signal from a sense node associated with a mutual capacitance to be sensed, and an output;
a reset switch coupled between the output of the charge to voltage converter circuit and the input of the charge to voltage converter;
an accumulator circuit configured to accumulate voltages at the output of the charge to voltage converter circuit and to generate an accumulator output signal;
control circuitry configured to generate control signals for the reset switch and accumulator circuit so as to reduce noise in the accumulator output signal, wherein the control signals for the reset switch define a sampling frequency for the accumulator circuit;
wherein the accumulator circuit accumulates the voltages at the output of the charge to voltage converter according to the sampling frequency;
wherein the accumulator circuit accumulates the voltages at the output of the charge to voltage converter a given number of times at each sampling frequency;
wherein a transfer function of the accumulator circuit has notches at frequency positions dependent upon the given number of times the accumulator circuit accumulates the voltages at the output of the charge to voltage converter at each sampling frequency; and
wherein the control signals serve to change the given number of times so as to shift the notches in the transfer function of the accumulator circuit toward the sampling frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,191,567

EITHER-HANDED REPLACEABLE MOUSE

Dexin Corporation, New T...

1. An either-handed replaceable mouse, comprising:a mouse body, having a first button part and a second button part;
a first replaceable top cover, effective for covering the mouse body and having a first button area and a second button area, the first button area and the second button area being correspondingly located on the first button part and the second button part respectively,
wherein said first replaceable top cover, when mounted to said mouse body, provides a height from the top of the first button area on the first button part to the bottom of the mouse body that is greater than the height from the top of the second button area on the second button part to the bottom of the mouse body; and
a second replaceable top cover, effective for covering the mouse body and having a first button area and a second button area, the first button area and the second button area being correspondingly located on the first button part and the second button part respectively,
wherein said second replaceable top cover, when mounted to said mouse body, provides a height from the top of the first button area on the first button part to the bottom of the mouse body that is less than the height from the top of the second button area on the second button part to the bottom of the mouse body.

US Pat. No. 10,191,563

MANIPULATION INPUT DEVICE THAT DETECTS A MANIPULATION FORCE TO MOVE A MANIPULATION MEMBER

Alps Electric Co., Ltd., ...

1. A manipulation input device comprising:a manipulative member;
a first detector and a second detector disposed at different positions on the manipulative member, the first detector and the second detector each detecting displacement of the manipulative member, the displacement being caused when the manipulative member receives a manipulation force; and
a processor performing processing to identify a position at which the manipulative member has received the manipulation force according to detection results obtained from the first detector and the second detector and to positions of the first detector and the second detector on the manipulative member; wherein:
the processor performs processing to identify intensity of the manipulation force in a first direction parallel to a straight line mutually connecting the first detector and the second detector and in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction;
the processor decides that:
if a distance between the identified position and a reference position is smaller than a predetermined value, a manipulation is to rotate the manipulative member,
if the distance between the identified position and the reference position is larger than or equal to the predetermined value and the identified intensity of the manipulation force in the first direction is larger than or equal to the identified intensity of the manipulation force in the second direction, the manipulation is to move the manipulative member in the first direction, and
if the distance between the identified position and the reference position is larger than or equal to the predetermined value and the identified intensity of the manipulation force in the first direction is smaller than the identified intensity of the manipulation force in the second direction, the manipulation is to move the manipulative member in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,561

TRACKING CONTROLLERS OF A VIRTUAL REALITY SYSTEM

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A method comprising:receiving a first real-world image captured by an image tracking system remote to a user, the first real-world image including a first real-world view of a controller held by a user from a first perspective;
receiving a second real-world image captured by an imaging device located on a virtual reality (VR) headset worn by the user, the VR headset displaying a virtual environment to the user, the second real-world image captured at substantially the same time as the first real-world image, the second real-world image including a second real-world view of the controller from a second perspective different from the first perspective;
identifying a first set of features of the controller in the first real-world image, the first set of features representing locators on the controller depicted in the first real-world image;
identifying a second set of features of the controller in the second real-world image, the second set of features representing locators on the controller depicted in the second real-world image;
determining a pose of the controller using the first set of features and the second set of features, the pose specifying a location of the controller and further specifying a rotational orientation of the controller, wherein determining the pose of the controller comprises:
identifying a plurality of candidate poses of a virtual model of the controller,
performing a first set of comparisons between the first set of features in the first real-world image with each of a first plurality of virtual feature sets, each of the first plurality of virtual feature sets associated with one of the candidate poses from the first perspective,
performing a second set of comparisons between the second set of features in the second real-world image with each of a second plurality of virtual feature sets, each of the second plurality of virtual feature sets associated with one of the candidate poses from the second perspective,
identifying, based on both the first set of comparisons and the second set of comparisons, one of the plurality of candidate poses of the virtual model as being consistent with both the first set of features in the first real-world image and the second set of features in the second real-world image, and
determining that the pose of the controller is the identified candidate pose of the virtual model; and
responsive to determining the pose of the controller, performing an action within the virtual environment to update a position and orientation of a virtual object in the virtual environment controlled by the determined pose of the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,191,560

THROTTLE FUNCTIONALITY OF HAPTIC CONTROLLER

Verily Life Sciences LLC,...

1. A system configured to operate a robotic device, the system comprising:a rotatable knob coupled to a base;
at least one motor that is operable to apply a torque-generating force to the rotatable knob;
a curved touchpad comprising one or more touch sensors arranged to sense touch input on a curved surface of the rotatable knob; and
a control system configured to:
detect, based at least in part on touch data from the curved touchpad, a throttle mode input; and
in response to the throttle mode input, operate the at least one motor to affect the rotation of the rotatable knob to simulate a throttle.

US Pat. No. 10,191,556

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF DISPLAYING INFORMATION IN RESPONSE TO A GESTURE

BlackBerry Limited, Wate...

1. A method comprising:displaying information associated with a first application on a touch-sensitive display of an electronic device;
receiving a notification associated with a second application while displaying the information associated with the first application, wherein the second application is different from the first application;
after receiving the notification, detecting a gesture on the touch-sensitive display, wherein the gesture indicates a request to preview information from the second application; and
without opening the second application, gradually displaying the information from the second application by gradually shifting the information from the second application onto the touch-sensitive display, wherein the gradual shifting occurs in accordance with movement of the gesture.

US Pat. No. 10,191,554

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND CONTROLLING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A controlling method of a display apparatus, comprising:based on a captured image of an object corresponding to a predetermined shape while the display apparatus is operated in a general driving mode, activating an intermediate mode and displaying a mode conversion user interface (UI) that provides a guideline of a first motion for switching from the intermediate mode to a motion task mode that allows a user to control at least one function of the display apparatus via a second motion different from the first motion;
based on recognizing the first motion that corresponds to the guideline within a predetermined time since the intermediate mode is activated, activating the motion task mode and displaying a motion task UI to control the display apparatus in accordance with the second motion;
based on recognizing the second motion to control the at least one function of the display apparatus while the display apparatus is operated in the motion task mode, controlling the at least one function corresponding to the second motion,
wherein the general driving mode is switched to the motion task mode through the intermediate mode that occurs between the general driving mode and the motion task mode, based on the first motion being recognized within the predetermined time since the intermediate mode is activated.

US Pat. No. 10,191,506

DEMAND RESPONSE DISPATCH PREDICTION SYSTEM INCLUDING AUTOMATED VALIDATION, ESTIMATION, AND EDITING RULES CONFIGURATION ENGINE

ENEL X NORTH AMERICA, INC...

1. A demand response dispatch prediction system that performs validation, estimation, and editing (VEE) on a plurality of interval based energy consumption streams, the system comprising:a post VEE readings data stores, configured to provide a plurality of tagged energy consumption data sets that are each associated with a corresponding one of the plurality of interval based energy consumption streams, each of said plurality of tagged energy consumption data sets comprising:
first groups of contiguous interval values tagged as having been validated; and
second groups of contiguous interval values tagged as having been edited;a rules processor, configured to read said post VEE readings data stores upon initiation of an event and, for said each of said plurality of tagged energy consumption data sets, configured to create a plurality of anomalies having a plurality of different durations using only said first groups of contiguous interval values, said first groups of contiguous interval values corresponding to correct data, and configured to generate a plurality of estimates for said plurality of anomalies by employing a plurality of estimation techniques for each of said plurality of different durations and, for said each of said plurality of different durations, configured to select a corresponding one of said plurality of estimation techniques for subsequent employment when performing VEE of subsequent energy consumption data associated with said each of said plurality of different durations for said corresponding one of said one or more interval based energy consumption streams; one or more central processing units, coupled to said post VEE readings data stores and to weather stores, configured to execute one or more application programs to perform functions of a dispatch prediction element, wherein said dispatch prediction element is configured to receive post VEE readings and forecasted outside temperatures corresponding to the plurality of interval based energy consumption streams, and configured to estimate future cumulative energy consumption of facilities corresponding to the plurality of interval based energy consumption streams, and configured to predict a dispatch order reception time for a demand response program event when said cumulative energy consumption exceeds a specified threshold; anda dispatch controller, coupled to said dispatch prediction element, configured to prepare actions required to control each of said facilities, wherein said dispatch controller optimally sheds energy specified in a dispatch order, upon reception of said dispatch order at said dispatch order reception time.

US Pat. No. 10,191,493

VEHICLE POSITION POINT FORWARDING METHOD FOR AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

BAIDU USA LLC, Sunnyvale...

1. A computer-implemented method for operating an autonomous vehicle (ADV) having a set of front wheels as both driving wheels and turning wheels, practiced on the ADV, the ADV having a processor coupled to a memory programmed with executable instructions that, when executed, implement the method on the ADV, the method comprising:determining a first position associated with a set of rear wheels of the autonomous vehicle based on global positioning system (GPS) data received from a GPS source;
determining a moving direction of the autonomous vehicle based on directional data received from an inertial measurement unit (IMU), wherein the IMU is onboard the autonomous vehicle;
calculating a second position associated with the set of front wheels of the autonomous vehicle based on the first position and the moving direction of the autonomous vehicle;
planning, by the ADV, a route segment of a route based on the second position associated with the set of front wheels as a current position of the autonomous vehicle, generating, by the ADV, planning and control data for the route segment utilizing the set of front wheels as both the driving wheels and the turning wheels, wherein the generated planning and control data includes generating speed and direction data to control the ADV along the route segment, and includes location and direction data of obstacles relative to the ADV along the route segment; and
controlling and driving the autonomous vehicle along the route segment based on the planning and control data.

US Pat. No. 10,191,447

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH CONTROL PART THAT CORRECTS POTENTIAL DIFFERENCE BASED ON TEMPERATURE DIFFERENCE

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a development part that includes
a developer carrier to which a development voltage (V1) is applied and
a supply member to which a supply voltage (V2) is applied, the supply member supplying toner on a surface of the developer carrier;
a temperature detection part that detects an apparatus inner temperature that is measured inside or near the developer carrier; and
a control part that corrects a potential difference (?V) between the development voltage and the supply voltage based on a temperature difference (?T), wherein
the potential difference is an absolute value determined by:
?V=|(the development voltage)?(the supply voltage)|
the temperature difference is determined by:
?T=(the apparatus inner temperature)?(a glass transition starting temperature),
the glass transition starting temperature is defined as a temperature corresponding to an intersection between a base line and a glass transition start judgment tangent line, which are specified based on a differential curve of a differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) curve of the toner measured using a DSC method, herein
the horizontal axis of the DSC curve: temperature (° C.),
the vertical axis of the DSC curve: calorific differential value (?W/° C.),
the base line is a line along an initial section of the DSC curve in which the calorific differential value is approximately constant with respect to the calorific differential value,
the glass transition start judgment tangent line is a tangent line which is in contact with the differential curve at an intersection between the differential curve and a glass transition start judgment line that is a line of which the calorific differential values are 1.5 times greater than those of the base line.

US Pat. No. 10,191,433

SHEET FEEDING TIMING METHOD OF IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS BASED ON SHEET SIZE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a sheet holder configured to hold one or more sheets;
an image forming unit configured to perform image formation on the one or more sheets fed from the sheet holder;
a sheet feeder configured to feed the one or more sheets held in the sheet holder in a sheet conveyance direction toward the image forming unit;
a re-conveyance unit configured to re-convey, toward the image forming unit, the one or more sheets having passed through the image forming unit;
a first sensor configured to output a signal in response to detecting passage of each sheet fed by the sheet feeder;
a second sensor configured to output a signal in response to detecting passage of each sheet re-conveyed by the re-conveyance unit, the second sensor being located upstream of the first sensor;
a third sensor configured to output a signal in response to detecting passage of each sheet fed by the sheet feeder, the third sensor being located upstream of the second sensor; and
a controller configured to:
begin to feed a preceding sheet by the sheet feeder;
acquire a passing time period during which the preceding sheet being fed by the sheet feeder is passing through the first sensor, based on the signal from the first sensor;
begin to re-convey the preceding sheet by the re-conveyance unit;
begin to feed a subsequent sheet in response to the leading end of the preceding sheet being detected by the second sensor;
stop feeding the subsequent sheet at a predetermined position downstream of the sheet holder in the sheet conveyance direction in response to the leading end of the subsequent sheet being detected by the third sensor, the third sensor being located at the predetermined position;
in response to feeding of the subsequent sheet being stopped at the predetermined position after the preceding sheet has begun to be re-conveyed by the re-conveyance unit, calculate, based on the acquired passing time period during which the preceding sheet was passing through the first sensor, an adjustment time period between a point of time when a leading end of the preceding sheet re-conveyed by the re-conveyance unit is detected based on the signal from the second sensor and a point of time when the subsequent sheet is to resume being fed from the predetermined position toward the image forming unit, by the sheet feeder, the adjustment time period being determined to be shorter as the acquired passing time period is shorter; and
control the sheet feeder to feed the subsequent sheet from the predetermined position toward the image forming unit with timing adjusted based on the calculated adjustment time period.

US Pat. No. 10,191,432

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD INCLUDING PRE-FEEDING OF A RECORDING MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming method in an image forming apparatus including a door, a storage unit for storing a recording medium and a registration sensor for detecting the recording medium, the method comprising:conveying the recording medium from the storage unit toward the registration sensor;
performing, based on a print instruction, an image formation for forming an image to be transferred onto the recording medium conveyed from the storage unit;
detecting, before the print instruction occurs, whether the door is in a closed state or an open state;
conveying, before the print instruction occurs, the recording medium by a distance from the storage unit in response to detecting that the door is in the closed state after detecting that the door is in an opened state; and
stopping, before the print instruction occurs, the recording medium at the distance.

US Pat. No. 10,191,431

IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. A series-connected tandem image forming system comprising first and second image forming apparatuses capable of forming images on recording media by image forming units, the first and second image forming apparatuses being connected in series, the image forming system forming an image on a recording medium by either one or both of the first and second image forming apparatuses, whereinthe first image forming apparatus includes a first conveyance path for conveyance of the recording medium and a second conveyance path for conveyance of the recording medium, the first conveyance path provided with an image forming unit, the second conveyance path provided with no image forming unit and configured to bypass the image forming unit of the first conveyance path such that the recording medium conveyed from a feeding unit storing recording media therein is conveyed to the second image forming apparatus by the second conveyance path, the first and second conveyance paths being selectable therebetween,
the second image forming apparatus includes a third conveyance path for conveyance of the recording medium and a fourth conveyance path for conveyance of the recording medium, the third conveyance path being provided with an image forming unit, the fourth conveyance path provided with no image forming unit and configured to bypass the image forming unit of the third conveyance path such that the recording medium conveyed from the first image forming apparatus is discharged from the second image forming apparatus by the fourth conveyance path, the third and fourth conveyance paths being selectable therebetween, and
the first conveyance path and the third conveyance path convey the recording medium linearly, and the second conveyance path and the fourth conveyance path are conveyance paths that include curves through which the recording medium is conveyed,
wherein the image forming system further comprises
a first conveyance control unit configured to perform a conveyance control of the second image forming apparatus and a second conveyance control unit configured to perform a conveyance control of the first image forming apparatus,
at least one of the first conveyance control unit and the conveyance second control unit is configured to convey recording media having a predetermined basis weight through the first conveyance path and the third conveyance path.

US Pat. No. 10,191,429

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING A DRUM CARTRIDGE HAVING A DETECTION GEAR

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a main casing comprising:
a driving source;
a first sheet passage sensor for detecting a sheet; and
a detecting sensor;
a drum cartridge detachably mounted on the main casing, the drum cartridge comprising:
a photosensitive drum being rotatable about a first axis extending in a first direction;
a first detection gear being rotatable by receiving driving force from the driving source; and
a first detection protrusion being rotatable together with the first detection gear, the first detection protrusion being arranged to contact the first sheet passage sensor; and
a developing cartridge detachably mounted on the drum cartridge, the developing cartridge comprising:
a developing roller;
a second detection gear being rotatable by receiving driving force from the driving source; and
a second detection protrusion being rotatable together with the second detection gear, the second detection protrusion being arranged to contact the detecting sensor,
wherein the drum cartridge further comprises a transmission gear configured to transmit driving force from the driving source to the first detection gear and to engage the first detection gear;
wherein the transmission gear is rotatable about a second axis extending in the first direction; and
wherein the first detection gear is rotatable about a third axis extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,427

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING CONTROL METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a high-voltage power supply to supply high-voltage electric power for charging;
a charging device to be charged by the electric power supplied from the high-voltage power supply;
a photoconductor to carry an image to be formed on a recording medium, with the electric power supplied from the charging device;
a temperature sensor disposed at a distance from the photoconductor to detect temperature inside the image forming apparatus;
a humidity sensor disposed at a distance from the photoconductor to detect humidity inside the image forming apparatus; and
circuitry to output a signal for commanding an electric power value to the high-voltage power supply to cause the high-voltage power supply to supply the electric power with the electric power value, and control supply of the electric power based on an electric power value feedback signal from the high-voltage power supply,
the circuitry being configured to
obtain a temperature difference between the detected temperature and an estimated temperature,
obtain a humidity difference between the detected humidity and an estimated humidity,
obtain at least one of a time required for the temperature difference to become equal to or less than a predetermined value, and one of a time required for the humidity difference to become equal to or less than a predetermined value, as a waiting time,
store the waiting time in a memory in a table format and a table of the table format includes a plurality of warning times, and
detect film thickness on a surface of the photoconductor after a target waiting time elapses.

US Pat. No. 10,191,426

FAULT DETECTION

HP INDIGO B.V., Amstelve...

1. An apparatus for use in a printing system, comprising:a monitoring module comprising a controller to:
determine a length of a non-photoconductive portion of a photoconductor foil installed on an imaging member as the imaging member rotates; and
indicate a fault condition in response to the determined length being different from a reference length.

US Pat. No. 10,191,425

DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming device including at least one of a scanner and a printer, comprising:a memory storing:
level information that includes a plurality of energy saving levels according to energy consumption of the image forming device and a plurality of combinations of hardware resources that are supply targets for the plurality of energy saving levels among a plurality of hardware resources including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device, each of the plurality of energy saving levels being associated with one of the plurality of combinations of hardware resources in the level information, and
usage status information indicating whether hardware resource including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device is used, and
a processor configured to perform a method including the steps of:
first receiving, from an external device, a usage notification that one of the plurality of hardware resources including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device is used;
storing, in the memory, the usage status information of hardware resource including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device, that is indicated by the usage notification in response to receiving the usage notification;
second receiving, from the external device, an instruction for the image forming device to transition to an energy saving state;
selecting an energy saving level for the image forming device from the plurality of energy saving levels based on the usage status information and the level information that are stored in the memory in response to the second receiving, and
controlling a power supply of the plurality of hardware resources of the device including at least one of the scanner and the printer of the image forming device based on a combination of the hardware resources corresponding to a selected energy saving level.

US Pat. No. 10,191,424

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING SWITCHING FROM MONOCHROME IMAGE FORMING MODE TO COLOR IMAGE FORMING MODE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:an image forming unit comprising a plurality of image forming stations configured to form images of different colors, the image forming unit being capable of operating in a first mode of performing image formation using only a first image forming station for a predetermined color among the plurality of image forming stations, and a second mode of performing image formation using the plurality of image forming stations; and
a controller configured to control the image formation in the first mode and the image formation in the second mode,
wherein, in a case where the controller determines that switching to the image formation in the second mode occurs after the image formation in the first mode, the controller controls the image forming unit so that a second image forming station, which performs image formation first in the second mode among the plurality of image forming stations, starts a preparation operation of the second image forming station and the image formation by the second image forming station before the first image forming station ends the image formation in the first mode.

US Pat. No. 10,191,421

FUSER AND IMAGE APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A fuser comprising:an endless belt;
a base member disposed inside a space surrounded by the endless belt;
a sheet member including:
a first section pinched between an inner surface of the endless belt and the base member;
a second section extending from an end of the first section; and
a third section extending from another end of the first section; and
a stationary member configured to pinch the second section and the third section of the sheet member with the base member, the stationary member having a claw configured to stick in the second section and the third section of the sheet member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,420

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A fixing device comprising:a first rotating body configured to be formed in a cylindrical shape and heat media on which toner images are formed at a heating temperature while rotating;
a second rotating body configured to be formed in a cylindrical shape and sandwich the media in cooperation with the first rotating body while rotating and configured to press the media in cooperation with the first rotating body;
a first heat supplying part configured to supply the first rotating body with heat with which the first rotating body heats the media;
a charging part configured to be positioned opposite to the first rotating body, charge the first rotating body, include a discharging electrode and an auxiliary electrode to form an electric field in cooperation with the discharging electrode, cause the discharging electrode to discharge in a state where the electric field is formed, and charge the first rotating body with a same polarity as polarity of toner;
a second heat supplying part configured to supply the discharging electrode with heat that enables a temperature of the discharging electrode to be higher than the heating temperature; and
a controller configured to control the second heat supplying part in a period in a non-fixing operation and execute heat supplying mode in which heat that allows the temperature of the discharging electrode to be higher than the heating temperature is supplied to the discharging electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,191,419

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS TO CONVEY RECORDING MATERIAL HAVING AN IMAGE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit configured to form an image on a recording material;
a fixing unit configured to fix the image formed by the image forming unit on the recording material at a nip portion;
a conveyance path configured to convey a recording material on which the image has been fixed by the fixing unit,
wherein the image forming apparatus is configured such that a recording material, whose length in a conveyance direction is equal to or longer than a threshold length, is able to be conveyed in the conveyance path, and a recording material, whose length in the conveyance direction is shorter than the threshold length, is not able to be conveyed in the conveyance path; and
a control unit configured to perform control,
wherein, in a case where it is detected that a length of a predetermined recording material is shorter than the threshold lenght while the predetermined recording material is being conveyed toward the conveyance path, the control unit performs control to stop conveyance of the predetermined recording material in a state where the predetermined recording material is nipped at the nip portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,418

FIXATION APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMATION APPARATUS, METHOD OF CONTROLLING FIXATION APPARATUS, AND NON-TRANSITORY RECORDING MEDIUM STORING PROGRAM FOR CONTROLLING FIXATION APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A fixation apparatus configured to fix a toner image transferred to paper to the paper with heat, the fixation apparatus comprising:a rotatable belt;
a pressurization roller configured to be in contact with an outer circumferential surface of the belt and to rotate the belt;
a pressing member configured to face the pressurization roller with the belt being interposed therebetween and to press the belt against the pressurization roller;
a heating roller configured to provide heat to the paper which passes through a portion of contact between the belt and the pressurization roller by providing heat to the belt; and
an adjustment mechanism configured to adjust an amount of attachment of a lubricant to an inner circumferential surface of the belt,
wherein the adjustment mechanism includes:
a holding mechanism configured to hold the lubricant; and
an adjustment roller configured to be in contact with the lubricant and the inner circumferential surface of the belt and to rotate in a direction identical to the belt in a portion of contact with the inner circumferential surface of the belt,
wherein the adjustment mechanism is configured to adjust the amount of attachment of the lubricant to the inner circumferential surface of the belt such that an attached amount of the lubricant while the belt remains stopped is smaller than an attached amount of the lubricant during rotation of the belt,
wherein the adjustment mechanism recovers the lubricant attached to the inner circumferential surface of the belt before the belt stops rotation, and
wherein the adjustment roller supplies the lubricant to the inner circumferential surface of the belt by rotating faster than the belt and recovers the lubricant supplied to the inner circumferential surface of the belt by rotating slower than the belt.

US Pat. No. 10,191,417

FIXING DEVICE HAVING A COVER MEMBER THAT COVERS A FIXATION ROLLER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A fixing apparatus comprising:a first rotatable member configured to heat, in a fixing nip, an unfixed toner image formed on a sheet with toner comprising a parting material;
a second rotatable member cooperative with said first rotatable member to form said fixing nip;
a cleaner configured to clean said first rotatable member; and
a covering member configured to cover said first rotatable member over a range from said cleaner to an entrance of said fixing nip along a rotational direction of said first rotatable member with a gap D of not less than 0.5 mm and not more than 3.5 mm, said covering member being provided with a projection extending toward said first rotatable member at one end portion of said covering member with respect to the rotational direction of said first rotatable member, and said projection extending along a longitudinal direction of said first rotatable member,
wherein the gap D (mm) between said covering member and said first rotatable member and a peripheral speed V of said first rotatable member (mm/s) satisfy
0.5?D?0.0059×V+0.72.

US Pat. No. 10,191,416

WET NULL CYCLE PRINTING

HP INDIGO B.V., Amstelve...

1. A method of wetting a print blanket, comprising:during a printing session, receiving a null cycle trigger;
maintaining printing voltages on a forecast BID (binary ink developer) that has been prepared to print a next color separation onto a photoreceptor;
applying wet null voltages to a non-forecast BID, wherein the wet null voltages have the same polarity as the printing voltages and minimize electric fields between electrified surfaces and rollers within the non-forecast BID; and
engaging the non-forecast BID with the photoreceptor to transfer fluid other than ink to the photoreceptor during the null cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,191,413

TONER CARTRIDGE

GENERAL PLASTIC INDUSTRIA...

1. A toner cartridge for accommodating toners, the toner cartridge comprising:a barrel for accommodating the toners, the barrel having an end with an opening;
a transmission member rotatably disposed at the end of the barrel; and
a toner conveying shaft rotatably disposed inside the barrel and provided with a shaft portion and at least one scoop portion extending from the shaft portion in a way that the scoop portion conveys the toners from the barrel into the transmission member when the toner conveying shaft rotates relative to the barrel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,412

DEVELOPER SUPPLY CONTAINER AND DEVELOPER SUPPLYING SYSTEM HAVING PUMP OPERATED DEVELOPER DISCHARGE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A developer supply container comprising:a developer accommodating portion configured to accommodate developer;
a discharge opening provided in the developer accommodating portion and configured to permit discharging of the developer in the developer accommodating portion;
a driving force receiving portion configured and positioned to receive a driving force; and
a pump portion configured and positioned to act on the developer accommodating portion by the driving force received by the driving force receiving portion,
wherein the pump portion is configured to alternately change an internal pressure of the developer accommodating portion between a pressure lower than ambient pressure and a pressure higher than the ambient pressure to supply the developer along with air out of the developer accommodating portion through the discharge opening, which has an area of not more than 12.6 mm2.

US Pat. No. 10,191,410

DEVELOPING DEVICE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A developing device for use with an image forming apparatus, comprising:a developer carrying member being rotatable and configured to carry a developer for developing a latent image;
a supplying member, for supplying the developer to said developer carrying member, configured to be rotatable and to form a nip in contact with said developer carrying member;
an accommodating portion, provided below said supplying member in a state the developing device is mounted on the image forming apparatus for use, for accommodating the developer to be supplied from said supplying member to said developer carrying member;
a feeding member, provided in said accommodating portion, for feeding the developer accommodated in said accommodating portion to said supplying member;
a rotatable member, provided above said feeding member and located at a downstream side of the nip with respect to a rotational direction of said supplying member, for moving the developer toward the nip; and
a retaining portion for retaining the developer supplied to said supplying member,
wherein said supplying member rotates so that a surface thereof moves downward at the nip, and
wherein said rotatable member opposes said supplying member and is disposed in said retaining portion provided below the nip.

US Pat. No. 10,191,408

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND CARTRIDGE INCLUDING DETECTION GEAR

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A cartridge configured to accommodate a developing agent, the cartridge comprising:a detection gear rotatable about a first axis extending in a predetermined direction;
a first protrusion movable with rotation of the detection gear, wherein the at least one of the amount of the developing agent in the cartridge and the number of printable sheets by the developing agent in the cartridge is defined by motion of the first protrusion; and
a memory including a first storage region storing a first yield information representing the at least one of the amount of the developing agent in the cartridge and the number of printable sheets by the developing agent in the cartridge,
wherein the at least one of the amount of the developing agent and the number of printable sheets by the developing agent in the cartridge is confirmable based on both of the first yield information and motion of the first protrusion in response to rotation of the detection gear.

US Pat. No. 10,191,407

APPLYING A CORRECTIVE VOLTAGE

HP Indigo B.V., Amstelve...

9. A device comprising:a processor; and
a computer-readable medium storing instructions which, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
detect a voltage of a photoconductor layer of a printing device between an erase operation and a charging operation;
compare the voltage of the photoconductor layer to a threshold voltage;
apply a corrective voltage to a transfer member when the voltage of the photoconductor layer exceeds the threshold voltage: and
alert a user to not touch a photoconductor imaging plate (PIP) until the PIP has been discharged.

US Pat. No. 10,191,405

ELECTROSTATIC CHARGING MEMBER

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A bias charging member comprising:a) a conductive core, and
b) an outer surface layer disposed on the conductive core, the outer surface layer comprising a hydroxyl terminated poly(oxetane) based fluorinated polyether and an aminoplast resin, wherein the hydroxyl terminated poly(oxetane) based fluorinated polyether is represented by:
wherein x is from about 1 to about 40, y is from about 1 to about 40, and a sum of x and y is from about 2 to about 80.

US Pat. No. 10,191,403

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a plurality of photosensitive members;
a light scanning apparatus configured to emit light beams scanning on surfaces of the plurality of photosensitive members, respectively, to form electrostatic latent images on the surfaces of the plurality of photosensitive members;
a plurality of developing devices configured to develop the electrostatic latent images formed on the surfaces of the plurality of photosensitive members with developers having respective colors to form a plurality of toner images;
an intermediate transfer member on which the plurality of toner images developed by the plurality of developing devices are transferred;
a pattern detector configured to detect a registration correction pattern included in the toner images transferred onto the intermediate transfer member; and
a controller configured to correct a color misregistration between toner images having respective colors on the intermediate transfer member, based on a detection result of the pattern detector,
wherein the light scanning apparatus includes:
a light source configured to emit the light beams;
a rotary polygon mirror configured to deflect the light beams emitted from the light source so that the light beams scan on the surfaces of the plurality of photosensitive members, respectively, to form the electrostatic latent images;
a motor configured to rotate the rotary polygon mirror;
a first pulse generation unit configured to generate a first pulse in synchronization with a rotation speed of the motor;
a second pulse generation unit configured to generate a second pulse by receiving a light beam deflected by the rotary polygon mirror;
a drive circuit board, to which the light source is attached, configured to drive the light source according to image data;
a housing configured to hold the polygon mirror and the motor therein; and
a temperature detector, disposed on the drive circuit board provided outside of the housing, configured to detect a temperature of the drive circuit board, and
wherein the controller
starts rotation of the rotary polygon mirror when a predetermined condition is satisfied in a state in which the rotary polygon mirror is stopped, and rotates the rotary polygon mirror at a predetermined rotation speed based on the first pulse in a first state in which the light beams are not emitted from the light source,
thereafter, starts emission of the light beams from the light source, switches a rotation control based on the first pulse to a rotation control based on the second pulse, and rotates the rotary polygon mirror at the predetermined rotation speed based on the second pulse in a second state in which the light beams are emitted from the light source, and
thereafter, detects a temperature of the drive circuit board by the temperature detector in response to input of an image formation start signal for starting image formation, and corrects color misregistration using a detected temperature of the temperature detector and the detection result of the pattern detector.

US Pat. No. 10,191,401

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a sheet supply tray accommodating sheets;
an image forming unit configured to form an image on the sheet supplied from the sheet supply tray;
a first frame made of metal, the first frame being configured to support the image forming unit, the first frame comprising a first recessed part made of metal; and
a second frame arranged on an opposite side, with respect to the image forming unit, of the first frame, the second frame comprising a first resin part made of first resin and a second resin part made of second resin which has a higher tensile strength than the first resin, the second resin part comprising a second recessed part; and
a sheet supplying unit having sheet feed rollers configured to pick up and feed a sheet from the sheet supply tray, the sheet supplying unit bridging between the first frame and the second frame, the sheet supplying unit being positioned above the sheet supply tray, the sheet supplying unit comprising:
a first projected part configured to contact the first recessed part made of metal and thereby position the sheet supplying unit with respect to the first frame made of metal; and
a second projected part, a protruded length of the second projected part being shorter than a protruded length of the first projected part, the second projected part being configured to contact the second recessed part, which is made of the second resin, and thereby position the sheet supplying unit with respect to the second frame.

US Pat. No. 10,191,400

TONER FOR ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPMENT

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A toner for electrostatic charge image development, comprising toner base particles including at least a binder resin,having a volume resistivity of 1.0×1014 ?·cm or more at 25° C. with 50% RH by a temperature change method, and
having a volume resistivity of 1.0×1015 ?·cm or less at 67° C. by the temperature change method.

US Pat. No. 10,191,399

ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPING TONER, ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPER, AND TONER CARTRIDGE

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A mixed electrostatic charge image developing toner comprising:first toner particles comprising a binder resin and a colorant, and second toner particles comprising a binder resin,
wherein a content PCa of the colorant in the first toner particles is from 4% by weight to 20% by weight with respect to the first toner particles
a mixed weight ratio of the first toner particles and the second toner particles (weight of the first toner particles/weight of the second toner particles) is from 50/50 to 98/2,
an average circularity of the toner particles in at least one of the first or second toner particles is in a range of from 0.88 to 0.99, and
the second toner particles do not contain a colorant.

US Pat. No. 10,191,397

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An electrophotographic photosensitive member comprising a conductive substrate and a photosensitive layer, whereinthe photosensitive layer is a single-layer photosensitive layer,
the photosensitive layer contains a charge generating material, a hole transport material, an electron transport material, and a binder resin,
the binder resin contains a polyarylate resin,
a combination of the polyarylate resin and the hole transport material is either:
a combination of a polyarylate resin represented by a chemical formula (R-2) and a hole transport material represented by a chemical formula (HTM2-1); or
a combination of a polyarylate resin represented by a chemical formula (R-3) and a hole transport material represented by a chemical formula (HTM6-1),
the photosensitive layer has a scratch resistance depth of no greater than 0.50 ?m,
the photosensitive layer has a Vickers hardness of at least 17.0 HV,
the scratch resistance depth of the photosensitive layer is measured by a measurement method using a scratching apparatus,
the scratching apparatus includes a scratching stylus and a fixing table having an upper surface in a rectangular shape,
the scratching stylus has a hemispherical sapphire tip end having a diameter of 1 mm, and
the measurement method includes:
fixing the electrophotographic photosensitive member onto the upper surface of the fixing table such that a longitudinal direction of the electrophotographic photosensitive member is parallel to a longitudinal direction of the fixing table;
bringing the scratching stylus into perpendicular contact with a surface of the photosensitive layer;
forming a scratch on the surface of the photosensitive layer by the scratching stylus in a manner that the fixing table and the electrophotographic photosensitive member fixed on the upper surface of the fixing table are moved by 30 mm at a speed of 30 mm/minute while 10 g of a load is applied to the photosensitive layer through the scratching stylus in perpendicular contact with the surface of the photosensitive layer; and
measuring the scratch resistance depth that is a maximum depth of the scratch,

US Pat. No. 10,191,396

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, OBJECT POSITIONING SYSTEM AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus comprising:an object that is movable in at least one direction;
a temperature conditioning system configured to control a temperature of the object, wherein the temperature conditioning system comprises a conduit system configured to convey a fluid, wherein at least part of the conduit system is arranged on or in the object and wherein the at least part of the conduit system is sealed off on the object when controlling the temperature of the object or the conduit system further comprises a duct connected to the object to supply the fluid to the object;
a measurement system comprising a sensor to provide a measurement signal which is indicative of a pressure of the fluid at at least one location within the conduit system; and
a control system to control the movement of the object in the at least one direction under control of the measurement signal.

US Pat. No. 10,191,394

DISTORTION DETECTION METHOD, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, EXPOSURE METHOD, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method for obtaining a plurality of types of distortion components relating to a shot region of a substrate, implemented by a control unit included in an exposure apparatus configured to expose the substrate with light, the method comprising:obtaining, by the control unit, a first formula that expresses a shape of a substrate based on information about a warping shape of the substrate in a state where the substrate is not yet held by a chuck configured to hold the substrate and included in the exposure apparatus;
converting, by the control unit, the first formula into a second formula that expresses positional deviation amounts at a plurality of positions on a surface of the substrate held by the chuck;
calculating, by the control unit, the positional deviation amounts by using the second formula; and
obtaining, by the control unit, a plurality of types of distortion components relating to a shot region of the substrate, held by the chuck, based on the calculated positional deviation amounts,
wherein the chuck is held by a moving unit configured to be movable and included in the exposure apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,191,393

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A lithographic apparatus comprising:a reference frame;
a substrate stage movable relative to the reference frame and configured to hold a substrate;
a sub-frame coupled to the reference frame via a soft-mount;
a measurement device configured to sense an attribute of a substrate,
wherein the measurement device is mounted on the sub-frame and the soft-mount is configured to reduce the effect of vibrations in the reference frame on operation of the measurement device;
a sensor soft-mount configured to mount the measurement device on the sub-frame and reduce transmission of disturbances having a frequency higher than 100 Hz from the sub-frame to the measurement device; and
a position determining system configured to determine a position of the measurement device relative to the sub-frame.

US Pat. No. 10,191,392

ACTUATOR, POSITIONING DEVICE, LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN ACTUATOR

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An actuator comprising:coil assemblies arranged in an array, wherein each coil assembly defines a core chamber having a core chamber height;
a magnetic back; and
at least one magnetic member that extends partly along the core chamber height of the core chamber of a corresponding at least one coil assembly, wherein the at least one magnetic member is made of a magnetic material;
wherein the coil assemblies are coupled to the magnetic back, and wherein the at least one magnetic member is spaced from the magnetic back.

US Pat. No. 10,191,391

METROLOGY METHOD AND APPARATUS, COMPUTER PROGRAM AND LITHOGRAPHIC SYSTEM

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

6. A lithographic system comprising:a lithographic apparatus comprising:
an illumination optical system arranged to illuminate a pattern; and
a projection optical system arranged to project an image of the pattern onto a substrate; and
a metrology apparatus comprising:
an optical system comprising a sensor, the optical system configured to measure a target on a substrate by illuminating the target with radiation and, using the sensor, detecting the radiation scattered by the target; and
an array of lenses configured to form an image on the sensor, the image comprising a plurality of sub-images, such that each of the sub-images is formed by a corresponding one of the lenses,
wherein the optical system is further configured to:
measure intensity asymmetry in corresponding higher orders of the scattered measurement radiation from said sub-images; and
determine, from each of the measurements of intensity asymmetry, a local measurement of target asymmetry, and
wherein the lithographic apparatus is arranged to use the local measurement of target asymmetry in applying the pattern to further substrates.

US Pat. No. 10,191,390

METHOD FOR TRANSFERRING A MARK PATTERN TO A SUBSTRATE, A CALIBRATION METHOD, AND A LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method comprising:providing a reference substrate having a first mark pattern, with a first resist layer on the reference substrate, wherein the first resist layer has a minimal radiation dose needed for development of the first resist;
using a reference patterning device to impart a radiation beam with a second mark pattern in its cross-section to form a patterned radiation beam; and
exposing a target portion of the first resist layer of the reference substrate at least two times to the patterned radiation beam to create exposed areas in the target portion of the first resist layer in accordance with the second mark pattern that have been subjected to an accumulated radiation dose above the minimal radiation dose of the first resist layer, wherein the exposing is configured to position a resulting pattern in the first resist layer on the reference substrate closer to a desired position than would be the case with a single exposure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,388

EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exposure apparatus that exposes a substrate with illumination light via a projection optical system and liquid, the exposure apparatus comprising:a liquid immersion member provided to surround a plane-convex lens of a plurality of optical elements of the projection optical system, and to form a liquid immersion region with the liquid below the projection optical system, the plane-convex lens being located at a closest position to an image plane among the plurality of optical elements, the plane-convex lens having a planar surface, from which the illumination light is emitted, that is arranged to contact with the liquid;
a first stage system having a first holding member and a first drive system to move the first holding member in at least a first direction, the first direction being within a predetermined plane that is orthogonal to an optical axis of the projection optical system, the first holding member being arranged above the projection optical system and holding a mask that is illuminated with the illumination light, the first drive system having a first motor that drives the first holding member;
a detection system located away from the projection optical system at least in one sense of the first direction and to detect a mark of the substrate;
a second stage system having two second holding members and a second drive system to move the two second holding members in at least the first direction and a second direction, the second direction being within the predetermined plane and being orthogonal to the first direction, the two second holding members being arranged below the projection optical system and each configured to hold the substrate, the second drive system having a second motor that drives the two second holding members;
a measurement apparatus having a first measuring system to obtain positional information of the first holding member and having a second measuring system to obtain positional information of the two second holding members; and
a controller coupled to the first and second measuring systems and to the first and second drive systems, the controller being arranged to control the first and second drive systems based on measurement information of the first and second measuring systems such that, for an exposure process of the substrate via the projection optical system and the liquid of the liquid immersion region, an alignment process between the mask and the substrate is executed based on detection information of the detection system and such that a scanning exposure where the mask and the substrate are each moved relative to the illumination light is performed with the first direction being a scanning direction,
wherein, in a state in which one of the two second holding members is arranged opposite to the projection optical system, the controller controls the second drive system to move the other of the two second holding members in an opposite sense of the first direction so that the other of the two second holding members comes close to the one of the two second holding members, and
wherein, in a state in which the liquid immersion region is substantially maintained below the projection optical system, the controller controls the second drive system to move the close two second holding members in the opposite sense of the first direction relative to the liquid immersion member so that the other of the two second holding members is arranged opposite to the projection optical system in place of the one of the two second holding members.

US Pat. No. 10,191,387

REFLECTIVE MIRROR, PROJECTION OPTICAL SYSTEM, EXPOSURE APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

Nikon Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A reflective mirror comprising:a base; and
a multilayer film configured to reflect at least a portion of incident light, the multilayer film including a first layer and a second layer that are laminated alternately on the base, the multilayer film having a periodic length defined as a sum of the thickness of the first layer and the thickness of the second layer,
wherein the base includes a first surface and a second surface, the first surface and the second surface formed with first and second height levels, respectively, relative to a surface of the multilayer film, wherein the first and second height levels are different from each other, and
wherein the multilayer film includes a first portion formed on the first surface and a second portion formed on the second surface, and further wherein the periodic length at the first portion is different from the periodic length at the second portion, and the periodic length at the first portion and the periodic length at the second portion are set such that a difference in reflectance between the first portion and the second portion is reduced, while the multilayer film is configured to reflect a portion of the incident light that is incident at a first angle on the first portion of the multilayer film, and reflect a portion of the incident light that is incident at a second angle on the second portion of the multilayer film, the second angle being different from the first angle.

US Pat. No. 10,191,385

NANOSCALE PATTERN EXPOSURE SYSTEM

1. A system for writing nanoscale patterns, comprising:a short wavelength light source;
a beam splitter to divide the short wavelength light emerging from the source into a plurality of beams;
a plurality of modulators, configured such that
each of the plurality of beams passes through at least one modulator;
a plurality of super-resolution apertures formed in a particular selected material;
a support structure for the super-resolution apertures; and
a means of directing each of the plurality of beams
onto one of the super-resolution apertures.

US Pat. No. 10,191,382

ILLUMINATION SYSTEM FOR ILLUMINATING A MASK IN A MICROLITHOGRAPHIC EXPOSURE APPARATUS

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A system for illuminating a mask in a micro-lithographic projection exposure apparatus, the system comprising:a beam deflecting component, the beam deflecting component configured to produce an intensity distribution in a pupil surface of the system, the beam deflecting component comprising a beam deflection array of reflective or transparent beam deflecting elements, each beam deflecting element configured to illuminate a corresponding spot in the pupil surface having a position that can be varied by changing a deflection angle produced by the beam deflecting element;
one or more optical elements configured to illuminate the beam deflecting component;
one or more optical elements arranged between the beam deflecting component and the pupil surface, configured to direct light from the beam deflecting array to the pupil surface; and
a controller configured to supply control signals to the beam deflecting elements to vary the deflection angles, the controller being programmed to:
i) determine an arrangement of spots in the pupil surface that approximates a target intensity distribution;
ii) determine, for each of the beam deflecting elements, a function relating a position of the corresponding spot illuminated by the beam deflecting element in the pupil surface and the deflection angle produced by the beam deflecting element when illuminating the spot;
iii) determine, using the functions determined in ii), deflection angles for each of the beam deflecting elements to obtain the arrangement of spots; and
iv) supply the control signals to the beam deflecting elements such that the deflection angles determined in iii) are produced.

US Pat. No. 10,191,381

EXTREME ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT GENERATING DEVICE

Gigaphoton Inc., Tochigi...

1. An extreme ultraviolet light generating device comprising:a chamber in which extreme ultraviolet light is generated from a target supplied to a generation region;
a focusing mirror configured to reflect the extreme ultraviolet light, generated in the generation region, by a reflection surface, and focus the extreme ultraviolet light at a predetermined focal point, the predetermined focal point being located farther from the reflection surface than the generation region;
a light source unit connected with the chamber, the light source unit being configured to output illumination light toward the target to be supplied to the generation region; and
a light receiving unit connected with the chamber, the light receiving unit being configured to receive reflected light from the target, of the illumination light output toward the target, and capture an image of the target,
the reflection surface of the focusing mirror having a spheroidal face that defines a first focus at the generation region and a second focus at the predetermined focal point, and the light source unit and the light receiving unit being disposed such that at least one of an optical path of the illumination light and an optical path of the reflected light is included in an internal space of the chamber located between a first limit surface and a second limit surface; assuming that a surface formed when an extended line, on the first focus side, of a line segment linking an outer peripheral edge of the reflection surface and the first focus is rotated about an axis passing through the first focus and the second focus, is the first limit surface, and assuming that a surface formed when the line segment linking the outer peripheral edge of the reflection surface and the first focus, and an extended line, on the outer peripheral side, of the line segment, are rotated about the axis passing through the first focus and the second focus, is the second limit surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,377

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND A DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands, B.V., ...

1. An immersion lithographic apparatus, comprising:a substrate table comprising:
a recess having a central support section configured to support a substrate, the central support section having:
a support surface having a protrusion to contact a bottom surface of the substrate,
a lateral surface at a non-zero angle to the support surface, and
a bottom surface at a non-zero angle to the lateral surface and facing away from the support surface, the lateral surface extending to the bottom surface of the central support section; and
a peripheral section of the substrate table that surrounds the central support section and defines the recess, the peripheral section being effectively thermally isolated from the central support section, and the peripheral section comprising:
a drain opening configured to receive an immersion fluid which leaks, in use, into a gap between an edge of the substrate when supported on the substrate table and an edge of the recess, the drain opening located above the bottom surface of the central support section, and
a lateral surface facing, spaced by an open qap from, the lateral surface of the central support section, wherein the lateral surface of the peripheral section is outward, in a horizontal direction, of an outer periphery of the bottom surface of the substrate; and
a projection system configured to project radiation onto the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,375

RESIN COMPOSITION FOR UNDERLAYER FILM FORMATION, LAYERED PRODUCT, METHOD FOR FORMING PATTERN, IMPRINT FORMING KIT AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A resin composition for underlayer film formation, comprising:a resin having a group represented by General Formula (A) and at least one group selected from a group represented by General Formula (B), an oxiranyl group and an oxetanyl group;
a nonionic surfactant; and
a solvent:

in General Formulae (A) and (B), the wavy line represents a position connected to the main chain or side chain of the resin,
Ra1 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and
Rb1 and Rb2 each independently represent a group selected from an unsubstituted linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms and an unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms,
Rb3 represents a group selected from an unsubstituted linear or branched alkyl group having 2 to 20 carbon atoms and an unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, and
Rb2 and Rb3 may be bonded to each other to form a ring.

US Pat. No. 10,191,374

RESIST UNDERLAYER FILM-FORMING COMPOSITION

NISSAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIE...

1. A resist underlayer film-forming composition comprising a polymer having a structural unit of the following Formula (1):
wherein X is an arylene group, n is 1 or 2, and R1, R2, R3, and R4 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a hydroxy group, a C1-3 alkyl group, or a phenyl group, and a solvent.

US Pat. No. 10,191,372

POLYMER, POSITIVE RESIST COMPOSITION, AND PATTERN FORMING PROCESS

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A polymer comprising recurring units having the formula (a), recurring units having the formula (b), and recurring units having the formula (c), the polymer having a weight average molecular weight of 1,000 to 500,000,wherein R1 is halogen, a C1-C4 straight or branched alkyl group, C1-C4 straight or branched alkoxy group, or acetoxy group, R2 is an acid labile group, R3 and R4 are each independently halogen or a C1-C6 straight or branched alkyl group, p is 0 or 1, q and r are each independently an integer of 0 to 4.

US Pat. No. 10,191,370

COMPOSITION AND A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A COMPONENT

Toyo Gosei Co., Ltd., Ic...

1. A composition comprising:a first compound;
a second compound; and
a silane coupling agent;wherein:the first compound has a structure represented by Formula (D):the second compound has at least two polymerizable groups;the silane coupling agent is as represented by Formula (G):anda resin generated by curing the composition has a dry etching rate less than or equal to 140 nm/min.

US Pat. No. 10,191,369

COLORED COMPOSITION, CURED FILM, COLOR FILTER, COLOR-FILTER MANUFACTURING METHOD, SOLID-STATE IMAGING ELEMENT, IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE, POLYMER, AND XANTHENE DYE

FUJIFILM Corporation, Mi...

1. A colored composition comprising:a dye compound having
a dye structure having
a cationic moiety, and
an anionic moiety including at least one of a structure represented by the following General Formula (A1), a structure represented by the following General Formula (A2), and a structure containing a boron atom,
in which the anionic moiety and the cationic moiety are bonded to each other via a covalent bond and present in the same molecule; and
the anionic moiety has a structure in which at least anyone of a fluorine atom, an aliphatic hydrocarbon group containing a fluorine atom, and an aromatic hydrocarbon group containing a fluorine atom is directly bonded to at least one of R1 to R5 in the structure represented by the General Formula (A1) or the General Formula (A2) via a covalent bond;
a curable compound; and
a solvent;

in General Formula (A1), R1 and R2 each independently represent —SO2— or —CO—;

in General Formula (A2), R3 represents —SO2— or —CO—; R4 and R5 each independently represent —SO2—, —CO—, or —CN,
wherein the dye structure having a cationic moiety is a dye structure selected from the group consisting of a xanthene dye, a squarylium dye, and a dipyrromethene dye, and
in the case where the dye structure having a cationic moiety is the xanthene dye structure, the anionic moiety in the xanthene dye structure is represented by the General Formula (A1), and when the dye structure having a cationic moiety is the dipyrromethene dye, the anionic moiety in the dipyrromethene dye does not contain a boron atom.

US Pat. No. 10,191,368

MULTI-FIELD OVERLAY CONTROL IN JET AND FLASH IMPRINT LITHOGRAPHY

Board of Regents, The Uni...

1. A template, comprising:multiple lithography fields for imprinting at multiple locations simultaneously; and
multiple holes machined in unpatterned regions to reduce inter-field mechanical coupling and permit overlay control over said multiple lithography fields simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,191,364

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OMNIDIRECTIONAL IMAGE DISPLAY

360Brandvision, Inc., La...

1. A display system comprising:a plurality of image source surfaces each comprising a black translucent rear projection material disposed within a base frame, each of the black translucent rear projection materials having a top surface and a bottom surface and arranged to present an image;
an upper frame object comprising a plurality of display surfaces, wherein each one of the plurality of display surfaces is aligned with the top surface of one of the image source surfaces, thereby arranged to reflect one of the images so that content from the images is visible from all points along an arc extending around the object for more than 180° within a plane, wherein the display surfaces are provided by reflective polyethylene terephthalate foil mounted on the upper frame object;
a plurality of digital projectors mounted in the base frame, each one of the plurality of digital projectors oriented to project light onto the bottom surface of one of the image source surfaces; and
a cooling system including a fan mounted directly to the base frame and a heat sink mounted within the base frame, wherein the display surfaces and base frame containing the digital projectors and cooling system are pre-fabricated and configured to be transported in one piece.

US Pat. No. 10,191,363

PROJECTION-TYPE IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

MAXELL, LTD., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A projection-type image display apparatus comprising: a projection lens configured to magnify and project an optical image formed by a light source and an image display element, and a back surface side display configured to display a detail of an error of the projection-type image display apparatus and is attached to a back surface located opposite to a front surface of a housing of the projection-type image display apparatus to which the projection lens is attached, wherein a backlight of the back surface side display is configured to be turned off when an operation of the projection-type image display apparatus is in normal status and the backlight of the back surface side display is configured to be turned on when an error has occurred in the operation of the projection-type image display apparatus, wherein both a displayed content about the error displayed on the back surface side display and a method for displaying the error on the back surface side display are changed by a controller based on an installed orientation of the projection-type image display apparatus among a plurality of installed orientations including an installed orientation for being hung from a ceiling and an installed orientation for being placed on a table, wherein when an installed orientation of the projection-type image display apparatus is the installed orientation for being placed on a table, the back surface side display displays a detailed data about the error, in order for the detailed data to be viewed by a user at smaller distance away from the projection-type image display apparatus placed on a table than a user for the projection-type image display apparatus hung from a ceiling, and wherein when an installed orientation of the projection-type image display apparatus is the installed orientation for being hung from a ceiling, the back surface side display displays a type of the error in an enlarged manner, in order for the type of the error displayed in enlarged manner to be viewed by a user at more large distance away from the projection-type image display apparatus hung from a ceiling than a user for the projection-type image display apparatus placed on a table.

US Pat. No. 10,191,362

LIGHT SOURCE UNIT AND PROJECTOR

USHIO DENKI KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. A light source unit, comprising:a plurality of elemental light sources each including light emitting elements and drive circuits, the light emitting elements that emit light of an emission wavelength including a plurality of different wavelength bands, and the drive circuits respectively driving the light emitting elements;
an integrated control circuit that controls the drive circuits; and
band optical characteristic acquisition sections that receive light of an amount correlated with a total light amount of output luminous fluxes, acquire light emitting intensity indicating values correlated with light intensity for the respective different wavelength bands and acquire wavelength deviation indicating values correlated with deviation from a reference wavelength for one or more of the different wavelength bands, the output luminous fluxes being collection of light beams emitted from light emitting elements,
wherein the integrated control circuit at least intermittently acquires band optical characteristic acquisition data and generate the light emitting intensity indicating values and the wavelength deviation indicating values, the band optical characteristic acquisition data being generated by the band optical characteristic acquisition sections,
the integrated control circuit holds light emitting intensity indicating value target variation information, the light emitting intensity indicating value target variation information being used to reduce difference between color phase indicating values correlated with the integrated light color of the output luminous fluxes and target color phase indicating values by feedback control of the drive circuits, the feedback control being performed to reduce difference between the light emitting intensity indicating values and target light emitting intensity indicating values for the respective different wavelength bands, and the light emitting intensity indicating value target variation information being used for determination of variation of the light emitting intensity indicating values with respect to the target light emitting intensity indicating values for the respective different wavelength bands matched to each of assumed appearance modes of the wavelength deviation indicating values, and
the integrated control circuit determines the variation of the light emitting intensity indicating values for the respective different wavelength bands, in accordance with the light emitting intensity indicating value target variation information belonging to one appearance mode assumed on a basis of an actual mode of the generated wavelength deviation indicating values, out of the appearance modes of the wavelength deviation indicating values.

US Pat. No. 10,191,361

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE INCLUDING A LIGHT SOURCE SECTION TO ADJUST BRIGHTNESS AND PROJECTOR USING THE SAME

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A light source device, comprising:a light source section that emits visible excitation light;
a phosphor that emits fluorescent light by the excitation light emitted from the light source section; and
a color-changing section that picks up color light having a color different from that of the fluorescent light from the fluorescent light emitted from the phosphor, wherein
an emission timing of the fluorescent light in the phosphor is synchronized with a switching timing between the excitation light and the color light by the color-changing section, and
the light source section decreases brightness of the light source section in the switching timing between the excitation light and the color light by the color-changing section.

US Pat. No. 10,191,360

MICROARRAY LED FLASH

HONG KONG BEIDA JADE BIRD...

1. A microarray LED flash, applied to a mobile phone for lighting a multi-array mixed light source, comprising:a ?LED array module, configured in a shell of the mobile phone for generating a patterning light source;
a mixing optical module, detachably configured on an external surface of the shell to receive the patterning light source for lighting the multi-array mixed light source; and
an optical module, detachably configured on the external surface of the shell to receive the patterning light source from the ?LED array module for projecting as an image;
wherein when one of the mixing optical module and the optical module is detached from the external surface of the shell, another is configured on the external surface of the shell;
wherein, the thickness of the ?LED array module is less than the average thickness of the mobile phone, and the multi-array mixed light source can be used as a camera light source and a lighting source of the mobile phone.

US Pat. No. 10,191,359

ILLUMINATION APPARATUS AND IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS USING THE ILLUMINATION APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An illumination apparatus comprising:a solid state light source unit including a plurality of light emitting points that emits light and is arranged on a light emitting face;
a plurality of optical elements configured to guide light emitted from the plurality of light emitting points to an illumination target face;
a heat conduction member arranged in a space different from a space between the light emitting face of the solid state light source unit and the plurality of optical elements, configured to conduct heat from the solid state light source unit; and
a cooling unit configured to supply a first fluid to the heat conduction member along a first flow path and supply a second fluid to the space between the light emitting face and the optical elements along a second flow path,
wherein the second fluid is a fluid from which dust or dust and moisture is reduced.

US Pat. No. 10,191,357

TRAIL CAMERA MOUNTING SYSTEM

1. A mounting system comprising:a support, the support comprising an anchoring means, which attaches the support to a surface, a support fitting, and a support releaseable capture means;
a utility bar, the utility bar comprising a utility bar fitting, a utility bar releaseable capture means, wherein the utility bar releaseable capture means are configured to engage and releaseably capture the support releasable capture means;
a pole, the pole comprising a pole fitting configured to complement the support fitting and the utility bar fitting, where said pole fitting engages the utility bar fitting to place the utility bar by connecting the utility bar releasable capture means to the support releasable capture means; whereby said pole fitting releases and is removed from said utility bar fitting while the connection between said utility bar releasable capture means and said support releasable capture means is maintained.

US Pat. No. 10,191,356

METHODS AND APPARATUS RELATING TO DETECTION AND/OR INDICATING A DIRTY LENS CONDITION

Light Labs Inc., Palo Al...

1. A method of operating a device including a plurality of at least three optical chains, the method comprising:capturing a first image using a first lens of a first optical chain;
capturing a second image using a second lens of a second optical chain;
capturing a third image using a third lens of a third optical chain;
performing a first comparison of said first image or a characteristic of said first image to the second image or a characteristic of said second image;
performing a second comparison, said second comparison being a comparison of said third image or a characteristic of said third image to another image or a characteristic of said another image, said another image being either the first image or the second image;
determining, based on at least one of said first and second comparisons, that a dirty camera lens condition exists, at least one of said first, second and third lenses having been determined to be dirty when said dirty camera lens condition exists, said at least one lens being a dirty lens;
associating dirty lens information with an image captured using said dirty lens; and
combining captured images to generate a composite image, the image captured using the dirty lens being treated differently during the image combining process used to generate the composite image than an image captured using a clean lens.

US Pat. No. 10,191,355

LIGHT ADJUSTING APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A light adjusting apparatus comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate arranged in parallel at a predetermined distance to define a space between the first substrate and the second substrate, each of the first substrate and the second substrate including an opening formed to pass light;
a rotary shaft member rotatable around a central axis of rotation perpendicular to the first substrate and the second substrate;
a light adjusting section rotatably movable with the rotary shaft member, the light adjusting section being configured to move between an insertion position located in an optical path of light passing through the opening and a retracted position retracted from the optical path as the rotary shaft member rotates, to adjust and output incident light incident from the opening, the light adjusting section being configured to be movable in an axial direction of the rotary shaft member with the rotary shaft member; and
a holding member configured to restrict rotation from at least one of the insertion position and the retracted position of the light adjusting section when the light adjusting section is located in a first region of the space, and allow the light adjusting section to rotate when the light adjusting section is located in a second region of the space, wherein the space is divided into the first region and the second region at different positions in the axial direction such that the first region is closer to the first substrate than the second substrate and the second region is closer to the second substrate than the first substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,354

MULTI-PARAMETER NONCOLLINEAR PHASE-MATCHING FOR HIGH-AVERAGE-POWER OPTICAL PARAMETRIC CHIRPED-PULSE AMPLIFIER

Shanghai Jiao Tong Univer...

1. A high-average-power optical parametric chirped-pulse amplification (OPCPA) amplifier, comprisinga pump laser system on a first optical pathway, the pump laser system comprising an Nd:YVO4 laser oscillator-regenerative amplifier and an Nd:YAG boost amplifier that are sequentially arranged on the first optical pathway,
a beam splitter after the pump laser system;
a frequency-doubled convertor arranged on the first optical pathway after the beam splitter,
a frequency-tripled convertor arranged on the first optical pathway after the frequency-doubled convertor,
a reflector on the first optical pathway arranged after the frequency-tripled convertor,
a signal laser system on a second optical pathway, the signal laser system comprises a supercontinuum generator,
a stretcher on the second optical pathway after the signal laser system,
a nonlinear crystal amplifier, the nonlinear crystal amplifier having an optic pathway,
a pulse compressor arranged along the optical pathway after the nonlinear crystal amplifier,
an electronic phase-locking loop, and
a crystal oven encasing the nonlinear crystal amplifier,
wherein the pump laser system and the signal laser system are synchronized with the electronic phase-locking loop;
a pump laser beam is generated from the pump laser system, is frequency-doubled in the frequency-doubled convertor, and frequency-tripled in the frequency-tripled convertor;
a signal laser beam is generated from the signal laser system, passes through the stretcher, and is temporally chirped to form a chirped signal laser beam;
the chirped signal laser beam is amplified in the nonlinear crystal amplifier to form an amplified chirped signal laser beam, and the amplified chirped signal laser beam is compressed in the compressor;
energy flows from the pump laser beam into the signal laser beam during amplification in the nonlinear crystal amplifier inside the crystal oven;
by adjusting a direction of the reflector in the first optical pathway, the signal laser beam and the pump laser beam are intersected with a noncollinear angle in the nonlinear crystal amplifier; and
by adjusting the temperature of the crystal oven, the nonlinear crystal amplifier operates at a designated phase-matching temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,191,353

OPTICALLY TRIGGERED ELECTRICAL SWITCHES WITH FAST RECOVERY BASED ON NONLINEAR OPTICAL RESPONSE

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An optical switch electrically activatable through received photon energy, the switch comprising:a substrate responsive to photon energy, where the photon energy forms an optical excitation signal;
a first electrode disposed on a first surface of the substrate;
a second electrode disposed on a second surface of the substrate; and
wherein the substrate includes a characteristic of two-photon absorption to enable electrical conduction through the substrate, the two-photon absorption being enhanced by deep energy levels located in a bandgap between conductance and valence bands of the substrate which are at least near resonant with the photon energy.

US Pat. No. 10,191,352

OPTICAL COMPONENT FOR MODULATING A LIGHT FIELD AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

Max-Planck-Gesellschaft z...

1. An optical component, being configured for modulating a light field incident on the optical component, wherein the light field has a predetermined center wavelength, comprisinga stack of refractive layers being arranged on a substrate, being made of materials having a third-order nonlinearity, and having alternatingly varying refractive indices (n), including a linear contribution (n0) and a non-linear contribution (n2), and determining reflectance and transmittance spectra of the optical component, wherein
the refractive layers are configured such that reflectance and transmittance of the optical component have a Kerr effect based dependency on the intensity (I) of the incident light field with n=n0+I·n2, wherein
the refractive layers are made of at least one of dielectric and semiconductor layers, and
the non-linear contribution (n2) is below 10?12 cm2/W, wherein the optical component has at least one of the following features:
the dielectric layers are made of at least one of Ta2O5, Nb2O5, HfO2, TiO2, ZrO2, Al2O3 and SiO2, and
the semiconductor layers are made of at least one of Ge, Si and ZnSe.

US Pat. No. 10,191,351

LENS PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel including a plurality of pixels configured to display an image; and
a lens panel disposed on the display panel and including a plurality of lenses when operating in a 3D mode,
wherein the lens panel is partitioned into a plurality of domains,
the lens panel comprises a first electrode, a second electrode, and an optical modulation layer, wherein the first electrode and the second electrode face each other and the optical modulation layer is disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein the optical modulation layer includes liquid crystal molecules forming the lenses,
the first electrode comprises first openings and the second electrode comprises second openings, and
at least one of a first opening, of the first openings, and a second opening, of the second openings, has a shape corresponding to a shape of a plurality of unit figures overlapping each other at their edges.

US Pat. No. 10,191,350

WAVEGUIDE MODULATORS STRUCTURES

Rockley Photonics Limited...

1. A Mach-Zehnder waveguide modulator comprising:a left arm including a left SiGe optical waveguide, and a right arm including a right SiGe optical waveguide;
wherein each of the left and right optical waveguides comprises a PIN junction region and a plurality of electrodes for providing a bias across the PIN junction to enable control of the phase of light travelling through the respective PIN junction region via dispersion;
wherein each of the PIN junctions is formed from:
a first semiconductor region corresponding to either a p-doped region or an n-doped region;
a second semiconductor region corresponding to the other of the p-doped or n-doped region; and
a central SiGe waveguide region;
wherein the first semiconductor region of the left optical waveguide is integral with the first semiconductor region of the right optical waveguide in a region between the left and right arms, forming a common doped region; and
the plurality of electrodes is configured to apply a forward bias across one or both of the PIN junctions.

US Pat. No. 10,191,349

REFLECTIVE DISPLAY APPARATUS

Alpine Electronics, Inc.,...

1. A reflective display apparatus comprising:an image display panel;
an electrochromic panel disposed adjacent to a display side of the image display panel;
a half mirror disposed between the image display panel and the electrochromic panel;
a controller that controls the image display panel and the electrochromic panel; and,
a photodetector that senses external light;
wherein when the photodetector senses a light intensity below a predetermined value, the controller performs first control to drive the image display panel without applying a voltage across electrodes of the electrochromic panel; and,
wherein when the photodetector senses a light intensity at or above the predetermined value, the controller performs second control to apply the voltage across the electrodes of the electrochromic panel without driving the image display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,348

ELECTRO-OPTIC ELEMENT

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. An electrochromic element comprising:a first substrate having first and second surfaces;
a second substrate having third and fourth surfaces, the second and third surfaces disposed in a parallel and spaced-apart relationship such to form a gap therebetween;
a sealing material circumferentially disposed along a perimeter of the third surface to affix the second and third surfaces together to form a chamber therebetween; and
an electro-chromic medium in the chamber,
wherein the second surface comprises a transparent electrode layer,
wherein the third surface comprises a reflective electrode layer,
wherein the reflective electrode layer comprises a first patterned opening for a glare sensor, the opening comprising a Normalized Percent Full Scale Transmittance (%), of greater than 75% within 20 seconds of a clearing state of the electro-chromic medium in the chamber, and
further wherein the cleaning state is a shorted state between the electrode layers.

US Pat. No. 10,191,347

CHOLESTERIC LIQUID CRYSTAL CELL WITH INCREASED REFLECTIVITY

NEXTER SYSTEMS, Roanne (...

1. A reflecting cell comprising at least two substrates each covered by an electrode and facing each other, a volume being delimited between the substrates, the volume separating the substrates and is the volume being filled with a cholesteric liquid crystal-type material, both electrodes being connected to a voltage source, wherein the cell comprises at least one half-wave plate arranged between both substrates and dividing the volume into two compartments, each enclosing a portion of the cholesteric liquid crystal-type material, and the reflecting cell has a 100% reflection coefficient during a planar state of the reflecting cell,wherein each face of the half-wave plate is covered by a deposit of an optically transparent and conducting material, each of the deposits being connected to the voltage source, such that an electrical field can be set between each substrate and the half-wave plate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,346

BLUE PHASE LIQUID CRYSTAL MODULES, BLUE PHASE LIQUID CRYSTAL DEVICES, AND THE MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A blue phase liquid crystal module, comprising:an up substrate;
a down substrate opposite to the up substrate;
blue phase liquid crystals between the up substrate and the down substrate;
the down substrate comprising at least one insulation layer having a wave-shaped structure with respect to the up substrate and the down substrate, the down substrate comprising a reflective layer to divide the down substrate into a transmission area and a reflective area, the reflective layer being arranged in a portion of the down substrate, pixel electrodes and common electrodes are arranged alternately at valleys and at peaks of the wave-shaped insulation layer, and the blue phase liquid crystals are driven by at least one slant electrical field generated between the pixel electrode and the common electrode; wherein the insulation layer is of a saw-tooth-shaped structure, the common electrode is V-shaped and is arranged at the valley of the wave-shaped insulation layer, and the pixel electrode is inverse-V-shaped and is arranged at the peak of the wave-shaped insulation layer, an included angle between a saw-tooth edge of the insulation layer within the transmission area and the down substrate is smaller than the included angle between the saw-tooth edge of the insulation layer within the reflective area and the down substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,345

DISPLAY DEVICE

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A display device, comprising:a first substrate comprising a display region and a peripheral region, wherein the peripheral region is adjacent to the display region;
a first transistor disposed on the peripheral region, wherein the first transistor comprises a first semiconductor layer;
a second transistor disposed on the display region, wherein the second transistor comprises a second semiconductor layer;
a first insulating layer disposed under the first semiconductor layer;
wherein a thickness of the first insulating layer is greater than or equal to 200 nm and less than or equal to 500 nm;
wherein the first semiconductor layer is a silicon semiconductor layer, and the second semiconductor layer is an oxide semiconductor layer
a first buffer layer disposed on the first substrate, a second buffer layer disposed on the first buffer layer, a third buffer layer disposed on the second buffer layer, and a fourth buffer layer disposed on the third buffer layer and below the first insulating layer; wherein the first buffer layer, the third buffer layer and the first insulating layer respectively comprise comprises silicon oxide, and the second buffer layer and the fourth buffer layer respectively comprises silicon nitride.

US Pat. No. 10,191,344

ACTIVE MATRIX SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An active matrix substrate comprising:a plurality of gate lines that extend in a first direction in a display region;
a plurality of source lines that extend in a second direction in the display region, the second direction being different from the first direction;
pixel switching elements provided for pixels, respectively, in the display region and are connected to the gate lines and the source lines, the pixels being defined by the gate lines and the source lines;
a plurality of gate line driving circuits that are provided in the display region, in correspondence to each of the gate lines to control a potential thereof; and
a control signal line that supplies a control signal from outside the display region to the gate line driving circuits,
wherein each of the gate line driving circuits includes a plurality of driving switching elements for switching ON/OFF according to the control signal, and a capacitor that is connected to at least one of the driving switching elements,
at least part of the driving switching elements and the capacitor are arranged at positions closer to, not the gate line corresponding to the gate line driving circuit that includes the driving switching elements, but another gate line that is other titan the corresponding gate line, and
the another gate line is arranged between the at least part of the driving switching elements and the capacitor, and the gate line corresponding to the gate line driving circuit that includes the driving switching elements.

US Pat. No. 10,191,343

DEVICE AND PROCESS FOR FORMING LASER PULSES

Centre National de la Rec...

1. A device for shaping laser pulses comprising:an input for a pulsed laser beam;
a spatial phase modulator, arranged on the path of said input pulsed laser beam to be illuminated thereby, the input pulsed laser beam having undergone no spectral dispersion prior to illumination of the spatial phase modulator;
a computer programmed for configuring said spatial phase modulator so as to emulate a diffraction grating having a diffraction efficiency which varies along a spatial direction identified by the intersection of the surface of the modulator with the diffraction plane; and
a spatial filter for a light beam diffracted by said grating;
whereby a laser pulse at the input of the device is converted into a train of individual output pulses exhibiting temporal intensity modulation, said diffraction grating being a blazed grating having lines whose blaze angle varies along said spatial direction, wherein at least some said lines have, relative to a periodic arrangement, an offset in the diffraction plane (xz) of the grating introducing a phase shift of the corresponding individual pulses, said offset being made both in said spatial direction (s) and in a direction perpendicular (x) to the plane of the grating; and
wherein the spatial phase modulator is tilted with respect to an incident direction of the input pulsed laser beam in such a way that said incident direction and the direction perpendicular to the plane of the grating lie in the diffraction plane.

US Pat. No. 10,191,342

DISPLAY PANEL

Sakai Display Products Co...

1. A display panel comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of pixel electrodes, which are disposed on the substrate in the form of a matrix, and are configured to display an image;
transistors of which drain electrodes are connected to the plurality of pixel electrodes, respectively;
a plurality of gate wirings which are arranged on the substrate along a first direction of the matrix, and are respectively connected to gate electrodes of the transistors to supply a gate signal;
a plurality of source wirings which are arranged on the substrate along a second direction crossing the first direction, and are respectively connected to source electrodes of the transistors to supply a data signal;
a plurality of first wirings, which are arranged on the substrate along the first direction;
a plurality of second wirings, which are arranged on the substrate along the second direction, and are respectively connected with the plurality of first wirings;
at least one third wiring, which is arranged on the substrate along the first direction, and is connected with the plurality of second wirings to supply a predetermined signal to the plurality of first wirings through the plurality of second wirings;
a fourth wiring, which is arranged on the substrate along the second direction in a peripheral area surrounding an area in which the plurality of pixel electrodes are arranged, and is overlapped on the plurality of first wirings;
an insulating film configured to insulate the plurality of second wirings and the fourth wiring from the plurality of first wirings and the at least one third wiring; and
a plurality of capacitor parts,
wherein one end of each of the plurality of capacitor parts is connected to each of the plurality of pixel electrodes and the other end of each of the plurality of capacitor parts is connected to each of the plurality of first wirings, and
the plurality of first wirings and the fourth wiring are not short-circuited.

US Pat. No. 10,191,341

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DISPLAY DEVICE

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A display device comprising:a thin film transistor;
a protective film formed on the thin film transistor;
a common electrode formed on the protective film;
a pixel electrode opposite to the common electrode, wherein
the common electrode has an opening enclosed by the common electrode,
the protective film has a first hole and a second hole formed in a same layer, and
the opening overlaps the first hole and the second hole in plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,191,340

DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A curved display panel, comprising:a first substrate, a second substrate, and a display medium located between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a plurality of scan lines and data lines, located on the first substrate, wherein the scan lines and the data lines are interlaced with each other;
a plurality of pixel structures, located on the first substrate, wherein each pixel structure is connected to one of the scan lines and one of the data lines, each pixel structure comprises an active device and a pixel electrode, and each active device comprises a gate, a channel layer, a source, and a drain;
a plurality of color filter patterns, arranged on the first substrate, wherein the color filter patterns are disposed corresponding to the pixel structures;
a plurality of shielding patterns, arranged on the first substrate, wherein the shielding patterns are disposed parallel to the data lines, gaps are provided between the shielding patterns and the scan lines, and the shielding patterns are disposed corresponding to junctions of two adjacent color filter patterns; and
a plurality of filling structures, arranged on the first substrate, wherein the filling structures are disposed corresponding to the gaps, and each filling structure is a multi-layer structure comprising a first layer and a second layer;
wherein all of the second layer, the source, and the drain comprise a first material, and both the first layer and the channel layer comprise a second material.

US Pat. No. 10,191,339

BOA LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL BASED ON IGZO-TFT AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method for manufacturing a BOA liquid crystal panel based on an IGZO-TFT, comprising steps of:(1) forming a black matrix, which comprises:
forming a copper film on a substrate,
oxidizing the copper film to obtain a copper oxide film, and
patterning the copper oxide film and exposing an opening area to obtain a black matrix pattern;
(2) forming a gate, which comprises forming a gate film on the black matrix pattern, and then exposing the gate film to radiation to obtain a gate pattern, wherein the gate film is formed by physical vapor deposition, and the gate pattern is obtained by subjecting the gate film to exposure and to dry etching, and the gate pattern is made of copper;
(3) forming a gate insulator, which comprises forming a gate insulator film on the resulting structure of step (2) to form a gate insulator film;
(4) forming a source and a drain, which comprises forming a source film and a drain film on a part of the gate insulator film which covers the gate pattern, and then exposing the source and the drain film to obtain a source and a drain pattern;
(5) forming IGZO, which comprises forming a IGZO film on a part of the gate insulator film which covers the gate pattern and is between the source and the drain to obtain an IGZO pattern;
(6) forming a passivation, which comprises forming a passivation film on the resulting structure of step (5), and forming a contact hole passing through the passivation film on the source and the drain;
(7) forming R/G/B color resist, which comprises coating the resulting structure of step (6) except the contact hole, with R/G/B color resist, and exposing the coating to radiation to obtain a desired pattern; and
(8) forming ITO, which comprises covering the contact hole and the opening area with an ITO film, and exposing the ITO film to radiation to obtain an ITO pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,191,337

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a first display panel that displays a color image, the first display panel including a plurality of transmission sections each of which transmits light having a predetermined color; and
a second display panel that displays a black-and-white image, wherein
each of the first display panel and the second display panel includes a plurality of pixels, the plurality of pixels being defined by two source lines adjacent to each other and two gate lines adjacent to each other in plan view,
the plurality of pixels of the first display panel include a first pixel corresponding to a first transmission section transmitting light having first color, a second pixel corresponding to a second transmission section transmitting light having second color, and a third pixel corresponding to a third transmission section transmitting light having third color,
the plurality of pixels of the second display panel include a fourth pixel overlapping the first pixel and a fifth pixel overlapping the second pixel and the third pixel, and
an area of the fourth pixel is different from an area of the fifth pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,335

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND MOTHER SUBSTRATE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display panel comprising:a TFT substrate,
a counter substrate facing the TFT substrate through a sealing member,
a liquid crystal layer is sandwiched between the TFT substrate and the counter substrate, and
a plurality of spacers formed on the counter substrate,
wherein
the TFT substrate has a first region, which is surrounded by the sealing member and overlapping with the liquid crystal layer, and a second region, which is not surrounded by the sealing member and not overlapping with the liquid crystal layer,
a first layer structure has a laminated structure of at least three layers, which includes a first layer made of a transparent conductive layer,
the first layer structure is formed in the first region of the TFT substrate at a position facing one or more spacers of the plurality of spacers,
a second layer structure, having at least the same laminated structure as the first layer structure, is provided in the second region of the TFT substrate at a position facing one or more spacers of the plurality of spacers, and
the first layer of the first layer structure is electrically separated from the first layer of the second layer structure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,332

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD), comprisinga backlight unit;
an LCD panel;
a frame glue sealant used to connect to the backlight unit and the LCD panel; and
at least one gasket;
wherein the at least one gasket is arranged on a side of the LCD panel toward the backlight unit or the at least one gasket is arranged on a side of the backlight unit toward the LCD panel; andwherein the at least one gasket maintains a separation between the LCD panel and the backlight unit; wherein the at least one gasket is an electrostrictive gasket;wherein a first driving electrode corresponding to each gasket is arranged on the side of the LCD panel, and a second driving electrode corresponding to each gasket is arranged on the backlight unit; each gasket is connected to the LCD panel by the corresponding first driving electrode; each gasket is connected to the backlight unit by the corresponding second driving electrode; the first driving electrode corresponds to the second driving electrode one by one.

US Pat. No. 10,191,331

MASK AND METHOD OF FABRICATING DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE MASK

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A method of fabricating a display device, the method comprising:forming a first gate electrode, a second gate electrode and a third gate electrode on a first substrate;
forming a gate insulating layer on the first gate electrode, the second gate electrode and the third gate electrode;
coating a semiconductor material on the gate insulating layer;
coating a conductive material on the semiconductor material to form a conductive layer;
coating a photoresist on the conductive layer;
disposing a mask over the photoresist;
irradiating light to the mask to perform selective light exposure on the photoresist;
patterning the photoresist; and
patterning the semiconductor material and the conductive layer using the patterned photoresist,
wherein the mask comprises:
a base substrate; and
a light shielding pattern comprising a light transmitting portion and a light shielding portion on the base substrate, and
the light shielding portion comprises:
a first source electrode portion;
a first drain electrode portion spaced apart from the first source electrode portion;
a second source electrode portion connected to the first source electrode portion;
a second drain electrode portion spaced apart from the second source electrode portion;
a third source electrode portion connected to the second drain electrode portion;
a third drain electrode portion spaced apart from the third source electrode portion, the third drain electrode portion including at least a portion parallel to the third source electrode portion;
a first auxiliary light shielding portion at an end portion of the third source electrode portion; and
a second auxiliary light shielding portion at an end portion of the third drain electrode portion.

US Pat. No. 10,191,330

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL, FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising: an opposed substrate and an array substrate arranged opposite to each other, and a liquid crystal layer filled between the opposed substrate and the array substrate, wherein,alignment films having opposite friction directions are provided on opposing surfaces of the opposed substrate and the array substrate, respectively;
the liquid crystal display panel has a plurality of pixel units which are arranged in array, and each of the pixel units comprises two pixel regions along the friction direction of the alignment film;
in each of the pixel units, a surface of the opposed substrate facing the liquid crystal layer or a surface of the array substrate facing the liquid crystal layer within at least one of the two pixel regions is inclined, so that a mean value of included angles between long axes of liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer within one of the two pixel regions and a horizontal plane where the opposed substrate and the array substrate are located and a mean value of included angles between long axes of liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer within the other of the two pixel regions and the horizontal plane where the opposed substrate and the array substrate are located has a same absolute value and a sum of zero, wherein
in each of the pixel units, the inclined surface includes a high point located at the boundary of the two pixel regions, and the film layer in the pixel region without the inclined surface has a same height as the high point, so that the film layer is continuous in the two pixel regions.

US Pat. No. 10,191,327

EDGE-LIT TYPE BACKLIGHT MODULE, DISPLAY AND LIGHT GUIDE PLATE

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. An edge-lit type backlight module, comprising:at least two light guide plates disposed to be overlapped, each of the light guide plates respectively comprising a light-emitting surface, a bottom surface and at least one light incident surface, the bottom surface of the light guide plate on an upper layer and the light-emitting surface of the light guide plate on a lower layer disposed opposite;
a plurality of light sources, respectively disposed on the light incident surface of each of the light guide plates, and disposed to be mutually independent;
in travel directions of light of the light sources, each of the light guide plates disposed with light-emitting regions and total reflection regions disposed alternately, the light emitted from the light sources totally reflected in the total reflection regions; the light-emitting regions of each of the light guide plates and the total reflection regions of the adjacent light guide plate(s) disposed opposite.

US Pat. No. 10,191,324

REFLECTIVE LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

21. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a first substrate opposing a second substrate;
a data line on the first substrate and extending along a first direction;
a gate line on the first substrate and extending along a second direction which intersects the first direction;
a reflection layer on a same layer as the data line and spaced apart from the data line;
a color filter layer on the reflection layer and the data line; and
a pixel electrode on the color filter layer, wherein the color filter layer includes a first color filter and a second color filter adjacent to the first color filter, and wherein an edge portion at which the first color filter and the second color filter directly contact each other is between the reflection layer and the data line.

US Pat. No. 10,191,323

DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

9. A display device, comprising:a substrate including a red pixel area, a green pixel area, a blue pixel area, and a white pixel area;
a gate line and a data line on the substrate;
a thin film transistor connected to each of the gate line and the data line;
a first insulating layer on the gate line, the data line, and the thin film transistor;
a second insulating layer on the first insulating layer, the second insulating layer having apertures in the red pixel area, the green pixel area, and the blue pixel area, respectively;
a reflective layer on the first insulating layer and the second insulating layer, the reflective layer being in the red pixel area, the green pixel area, and the blue pixel area;
a color filter in each of the apertures;
an opaque pixel electrode in the white pixel area; and
a transparent pixel electrode on each color filter and the second insulating layer, the transparent pixel electrode being connected to the thin film transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,322

DISPLAY AND ELECTRONIC UNIT

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display comprising:a reflective display panel; and
an optical laminate disposed on the display panel, the optical laminate including a plurality of anisotropic scattering films including at least:
a first film that has a first transmittance in a first scattering central axis direction of the first film when light enters the first film in the first scattering central axis direction; and
a second film that has a second transmittance in a second scattering central axis direction of the second film when light enters the second film in the second scattering central axis direction,
wherein the first transmittance is higher than a transmittance of the first film when light enters the first film in a direction different from the first scattering central axis direction,
wherein the second transmittance is higher than a transmittance of the second film when light enters the second film in a direction different from the second scattering central axis direction, and
wherein the first transmittance is at least four times the second transmittance.

US Pat. No. 10,191,317

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel including a substrate provided with a display functional layer, and a polarizing plate, the display panel having sides along a first direction and a second direction;
an illuminator configured to output light to the display panel;
a frame that surrounds sides of the illuminator;
a protrusion included in the frame, the protrusion protruding toward the substrate and having a width in the first direction;
an adhesive member through which the substrate is bonded at a top of the protrusion of the frame, the adhesive member having a width in the first direction,
wherein
the polarizing plate is provided on a surface of the substrate to which the frame is bonded, and is arranged on an inner side of the frame than the adhesive member in planar view, and
the width of the adhesive member is smaller than the width of the protrusion which the adhesive member is in direct contact with.

US Pat. No. 10,191,315

DISPLAY APPARATUS

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a set cover including a set plate, a screw insertion hole in the set plate, and a set sidewall curved from the set plate to form a storage space;
a guide frame in the storage space;
a plurality of screws coupled to the guide frame by penetrating through the set plate so as to fix the guide frame to the set cover;
a display unit including a display panel placed onto the guide frame; and
an adhesive member fixedly adhering a rear portion of the display panel to the guide frame,
wherein the guide frame comprises:
a first part coupled to a rear edge portion of the display panel by the adhesive member, the first part being divided into a plurality of sub first parts provided along each edge of the set plate;
a plurality of bosses protruding at fixed intervals from a rear surface of each of the plural sub first parts toward the set plate, the plurality of bosses being provided to meet with the screw insertion hole;
a plurality of screw coupling holes formed at each of the plurality of bosses, and each of the plurality of screws is coupled to each of the plurality of screw coupling holes by penetrating through the screw insertion hole of the set plate; and
a guide sidewall which is bent from each of the plurality of sub first parts so as to cover the lateral side of the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,314

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a display panel;
a backlight unit; and
an accommodation member which accommodates the display panel and the backlight unit,
wherein the accommodation member comprises:
a bottom part defining a bottom surface of the accommodation member, at which a plurality of bottom holes is defined; and
a plurality of side surface parts which is connected to the bottom part and defines outermost side surfaces of the accommodation member,
wherein each of the side surface parts comprises:
a vertical part extending upward with respect to the bottom part; and
a horizontal part extending horizontally with respect to the bottom part and connected to a lower portion of the vertical part, a plurality of side surface holes defined in the horizontal part,
wherein a position where the side surface parts are connected to the bottom part varies based on sizes of the display panel and the backlight unit, and
wherein the position of the side surface parts define the outermost side surfaces defining the accommodation member and extend outwardly beyond an edge defining the bottom part of the accommodation member,
and wherein the plurality side surface holes are aligned with a portion of the bottom holes, which is determined based on the sizes of the display panel and the backlight unit.

US Pat. No. 10,191,313

LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL AND THIN FILM TRANSISTOR ARRAY SUBSTRATE THEREOF

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A thin film transistor (TFT) array substrate, comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of thin film transistors (TFTs) arranged on the substrate in an array form, wherein a region occupied by the plurality of TFTs is a display region;
a flexible printed circuit disposed on the substrate and located at one side of the display region;
a control chip disposed between the display region and the flexible printed circuit, and two sides of the flexible printed circuit going beyond two corresponding sides of the control chip, respectively;
a first reinforcement member disposed at a first side of the control chip, and the first side being adjacent to one side of the control chip that faces the display region
a second reinforcement member disposed at a second side of the control chip opposite to the first side; and
a third reinforcement member covering the control chip, the first reinforcement member and the second reinforcement member;
wherein both the first reinforcement member and the second reinforcement member comprise: a reinforcement body, a first glue receiving groove formed by one side of the reinforcement body that faces the display region being recessed, and a second glue receiving groove formed by a connection of one side of the reinforcement body that faces the control chip with one side of the reinforcement body that is opposite to the display region being recessed.

US Pat. No. 10,191,312

RUBBER FRAME COMPONENT, BACKLIGHT MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A rubber frame component, comprising:a rubber frame body for surrounding edges of a backlight module and fixing the backlight module;
pointy projections made of a metal for attracting static charges in a periphery of a display panel; and
a reinforcing part disposed in the rubber frame body for supporting the display panel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,310

POWER CONVERSION CIRCUIT FOR SWITCHING VIEWING ANGLE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

INFOVISION OPTOELECTRONIC...

1. A power conversion circuit, comprising an input terminal, an output terminal, a switching unit, an isolating unit, an output unit, a first power supply, a second power supply, and a third power supply; whereinthe switching unit is connected to the input terminal, the isolating unit, the output unit, the first power supply, and the second power supply;
the isolating unit is connected to the output terminal, the switching unit, and the output unit;
the output unit is connected to the switching unit, the isolating unit, and the third power supply;
when the input terminal is provided with a low level voltage, the switching unit is switched on, the voltage of the second power supply is provided as a first DC voltage to the output terminal via the switching unit and the isolating unit;
when the input terminal is provided with a high level voltage, the switching unit is switched off, the voltage of the third power supply is provided as a second DC voltage to the output terminal via the output unit and the isolating unit, wherein the second DC voltage is higher than the first DC voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,191,309

MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES FOR LIQUID CRYSTAL PARAMETERS INCLUDING TWIST ELASTIC CONSTANT WITHOUT LIGHT MEASUREMENT

1. A method for measuring the twist elastic constant (K22) of a liquid crystal mixture under test, the method comprising:providing a liquid crystal test cell having a pair of electrodes;
placing the liquid crystal mixture under test into the liquid crystal test cell;
applying an electrical driving signal to the electrodes of the liquid crystal test cell;
measuring an electrical response signal from the electrodes; and
based on the electrical driving signal and the electrical response signal, and in the absence of measuring light transmitted through or reflected off of the liquid crystal test cell, determining the twist elastic constant (K22) for the liquid crystal mixture under test by determining a parameter related to a geometry of the liquid crystal test cell and wherein the twist elastic constant is proportional to the product of the parameter and the electrical response signal and wherein the determining includes using the following equation: K22=(Vth)2 (??)?2 (?0|??|), where Vth is the threshold minimum voltage that causes liquid crystal molecules to turn, ? is a feature factor that is a function of the test cell geometry, ?0 is the vacuum permittivity, and |??| is the dielectric anisotropy.

US Pat. No. 10,191,307

OPTICAL TRANSMISSION DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An optical transmission device comprising:an optical modulator configured to include a first waveguide and a second waveguide, each of the first waveguide and the second waveguide modulating carrier light by using a modulation drive signal having multiple intensity levels;
a phase shifter configured to provide a predetermined phase difference between a first optical signal output from the first waveguide and a second optical signal output from the second waveguide;
a photodetector configured to detect a portion of a multilevel optical signal acquired by multiplexing the first optical signal and the second optical signal between which the phase difference is provided, and apply photoelectric conversion to the portion; and
a first controller configured to provide a first bias voltage and a second bias voltage to the first waveguide and the second waveguide, respectively, based on an output signal from the photodetector, wherein
the first controller comprises:
a signal amplitude detector configured to receive an output of the photodetector and output signal amplitude information of the output of the photodetector; and
a second controller configured to input the signal amplitude information and correcting at least one of the first bias voltage to be provided to the first waveguide and the second bias voltage to be provided to the second waveguide, based on a quadrature state between the first waveguide and the second waveguide of the optical modulator, the quadrature state being represented by the signal amplitude information.

US Pat. No. 10,191,306

DITHER FREE BIAS CONTROL

OCLARO TECHNOLOGY LIMITED...

1. A Mach-Zehnder, MZ, modulator for modulating optical signals, and comprising:a plurality of modulating waveguide sections;
at least one bias electrode in electrical communication with at least one modulating waveguide section and configured to apply at least one electrical bias signal to one or more of the modulating waveguide sections;
an output optical combiner comprising a plurality of inputs and a plurality of outputs, wherein the plurality of inputs of the combiner are in optical communication with output sides of the plurality of modulating waveguide sections, and wherein a plurality of the outputs of the combiner are monitor outputs; and
wherein the combiner is an n×n combiner and n is greater than 2.

US Pat. No. 10,191,304

ELECTRONIC EYEGLASSES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING

Mitsui Chemicals, Inc., ...

1. An electronic eyewear, comprising:a temple;
an electronic lens;
a first electronic module and a second electronic module disposed in the temple;
a tube made of heat resistant materials and disposed in the temple; and
an electrical conductor inserted into the tube, wherein the electronic lens and the first electronic module are electrically connected to each other, and wherein the first electronic module is electrically connected to the second electronic module by the electrical conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,191,302

CONTACT LENS COMPRISING LENTICULAR-LIKE CURVE

Ohio State Innovation Fou...

1. A contact lens comprising a superior lenticular aspect located in a central, upper portion of the lens, wherein the superior lenticular aspect of the lens is shaped to interact with an upper tarsal plate of an upper eyelid of a wearer such that the contact lens translates upward in a downgaze of the wearer to place a viewing zone of the contact lens over a pupil or cornea of the wearer and the superior lenticular aspect provides rotational stabilization to the contact lens.

US Pat. No. 10,191,301

CORNEAL REMODELLING CONTACT LENSES AND METHODS OF TREATING REFRACTIVE ERROR USING CORNEAL REMODELLING

Brien Holden Vision Insti...

1. A contact lens for treating an eye with myopia, the contact lens comprising:an optic zone having a refractive first power, which corrects distance vision of the eye, the optic zone comprising a central zone and an outer zone surrounding the central zone, and
a structural profile to effect flattening remodeling of the cornea of the eye when the contact lens is fitted to the eye,
wherein the central zone has an increased thickness relative to the outer zone, the increased thickness providing at least part of said structural profile to effect flattening remodelling of the cornea; and
wherein the central optic zone has a positive differential power of between 0.5 D and 4.0 D, which is positive relative to the first power.

US Pat. No. 10,191,299

ZONE EXTENSION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

AMO Development, LLC, Sa...

1. A method of performing a prescriptive treatment on an optical system of a patient, through use of a computer, the method comprising:inputting an original normalized Zernike expansion coefficient for the optical system, the original normalized Zernike expansion coefficient associated with a first pupil dimension;
calculating a modified normalized Zernike expansion coefficient for the optical system, the modified normalized Zernike expansion coefficient associated with a second pupil dimension, the second pupil dimension greater than the first pupil dimension;
determining a treatment for the optical system of the patient based on the modified normalized Zernike expansion coefficient, wherein the modified normalized Zernike expansion coefficient is calculated based on the original normalized Zernike expansion coefficient scaled by a scaling factor, the scaling factor comprising a ratio of the second pupil dimension to the first pupil dimension, the ratio raised to the power of a factor comprising a radial degree of the coefficient; and
performing the prescriptive treatment according to the treatment determined, wherein the prescriptive treatment comprises a member selected from the group consisting of an intraocular lens treatment, a contact lens treatment, and a refractive laser treatment.

US Pat. No. 10,191,298

SPECTACLE BRIDGE ELEMENT AND SPECTACLE FRAME, SPECTACLES OR SPECTACLE SET INCLUDING SPECTACLE BRIDGE ELEMENT

HEMARIS AG, Chur (CH)

1. A spectacle bridge element having a base body for a tool-free exchangeable fastening in a spectacle frame, anda nose pad holding structure on the base body, on which nose pads are exchangeably mountable,
wherein
the base body is composed of a plastic plate which has two parallel edges having stepped sections thereon that define guiding or retaining rails, which are configured to be inserted into a pair of corresponding guiding or retaining grooves in the spectacle frame, by means of which the base body can be completely inserted into a recess of the spectacle frame while closing flush with an edge of the spectacle frame in an inserting direction of the base body so that the base body lies completely within the spectacle frame in the inserting direction and only the nose pad holding structure projects from a rear side of the spectacle frame.

US Pat. No. 10,191,297

TILT ADJUSTING METHOD FOR MOVABLE BODY

NIDEC SANKYO CORPORATION,...

1. A tilt adjusting method for a movable body in a unit with a shake correction function comprising a movable body, a fixed body provided with a support mechanism structured to swingably support the movable body, a shake correction drive mechanism structured to swing the movable body with respect to the fixed body, and an elastic support member which connects the movable body with the fixed body, the tilt adjusting method for the movable body comprising:a first process comprising setting a state that a force having a component on an opposite direction to a driving force of the shake correction drive mechanism is acted on the movable body;
a second process comprising adjusting the driving force so that a tilt direction of the movable body is substantially coincided with a target direction; and
a third process comprising connecting the movable body with the fixed body through the elastic support member in a state that the tilt direction of the movable body is substantially coincided with the target direction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,294

THREE DIMENSIONAL VIRTUAL AND AUGMENTED REALITY DISPLAY SYSTEM

Magic Leap, Inc., Planta...

1. A three-dimensional image visualization system, comprising:an integrated module comprising:
a selectively transparent projection device configured to receive input image light and project an image associated with the input image light toward an eye of a viewer from a projection device position in space relative to the eye of the viewer, the projection device being capable of assuming a substantially transparent state when no image is projected; and
a diffraction element configured to divide the input image light into a plurality of modes, each of the plurality of modes directed at a different angle,
wherein the selectively transparent projection device is configured to allow a first mode of the plurality of modes to exit the selectively transparent projection device toward the eye, the first mode having a simulated focal distance based in part on a selectable geometry of the diffraction element, and
wherein the selectively transparent projection device is configured to trap at least a second mode of the plurality of modes within the selectively transparent projection device; and
an occlusion mask device coupled to the projection device and configured to selectively block light traveling toward the eye from one or more positions opposite of the occlusion mask from the eye of the viewer in an occluding pattern correlated with the image projected by the projection device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,293

GRATING CONTROLLING METHOD AND APPARATUS, GRATING, DISPLAY PANEL, AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL (3D) DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A grating controlling method for achieving three-dimensional (3D) displaying, in which a grating cooperates with a display panel used for outputting left-eye images and right-eye images to achieve the 3D displaying, the grating controlling method comprising:obtaining a current position of an eye of an observer who is observing 3D images;
calculating a distance S between the current position and a base position in a direction parallel to a connection line of the left-eye and the right-eye of the observer, wherein the grating comprises an original slit position and the base position is a position when the left-eye images are observed by the left-eye of the observer through the original slits and the right-eye images are observed by the right-eye of the observer through the original slits simultaneously; and
adjusting slit positions of the grating according to the current position, so as to enable the left-eye images to be observed by the left-eye of the observer through the adjusted slits, while to enable the right-eye images to be observed by the right-eye of the observer through the adjusted slits,
wherein the grating is a liquid crystal grating, and adjusting the slit positions of the grating according to the current position comprises:
adjusting the slit positions of the grating on the basis of the original slit position, according to the distance S,
wherein adjusting the slit positions of the grating on the basis of the original slit position, according to the distance S comprises:
determining a corresponding value t, when the distance S is within the following value range

where t=0, 1, 2, . . . n, m?N, I is an interpupillary distance of human eyes, and n is a number of grating elements corresponding to a width of one slit of the liquid crystal grating;
determining a moving direction from the base position to the current position; and
enabling the slit position of the grating to move by t grating elements in the moving direction from the base position to the current position.

US Pat. No. 10,191,292

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR LIGHT MODULATION

Carl Zeiss Microscopy Gmb...

1. A modulation device for modulating a light beam, comprising:a spectral splitter to split an input light beam into at least two partial light beams having different spectral ranges,
a spatial light modulator,
an optical device to direct the at least two partial light beams to different locations of the spatial light modulator,
wherein the spatial light modulator is configured to modulate the at least two partial light beams,
wherein the optical device is further configured to direct the at least two partial light beams after modulation from the spatial light modulator to the spectral splitter, wherein the spectral splitter is further configured to combine the at least two partial light beams after modulation to form an output light beam,
wherein at least two of the at least two partial light beams pass through the modulation device in mutually opposite directions; and
wherein the optical device comprises a first mirror and a second mirror, wherein the at least two partial light beams comprise a first partial light beam and a second partial light beam, wherein the first mirror is arranged to direct the first partial light beam from the spectral splitter to the spatial light modulator and to direct the second partial light beam after modulation from the spatial light modulator to the spectral splitter, wherein the second mirror is arranged to direct the second partial light beam from the spectral splitter to the spatial light modulator and to direct the first partial light beam after modulation from the spatial light modulator to the spectral splitter.

US Pat. No. 10,191,290

VEHICLE, HEAD-UP DISPLAYING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING HEIGHT OF PROJECTION IMAGE THEREOF

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, (CN...

1. A head-up displaying system, configured to be applied in a vehicle, and comprising:a projector, disposed in the vehicle, and configured to project a projection image onto a front windshield such that the projection image is reflected into eyes of a driver;
a camera, fixedly disposed in the vehicle and in front of the eyes of the driver, and configured to detect an image having locations of the eyes of the driver and a predetermined reference point;
a seat detecting module, configured to detect a position of a seat of the driver in the vehicle so as to obtain an actual horizontal distance between the eyes of the driver and the predetermined reference point in a horizontal direction; and
a head-up controller, configured to obtain the image detected by the camera and the actual horizontal distance detected by the seat detecting module, to process the image so as to obtain a position relation between the eyes of the driver and the predetermined reference point in the image, to generate an actual vertical distance between the eyes of the driver and the predetermined reference point according to the position relation and the actual horizontal distance, and to adjust a height of the projection image from the projector automatically according to the actual vertical distance,
wherein the projector comprises a display component, and a three-mirror optical assembly positioned in an optical path of an emergent light of the display component and configured to reflect the projection image projected by the display component onto the front windshield such that the front windshield reflects the projection image into the eyes of the driver and comprising:
a zoom lens assembly;
an image quality compensation lens assembly; and
a front windshield compensation lens assembly, configured to compensate for an image distortion caused by the front windshield and to adjust an angle of the emergent light,
wherein the front windshield compensation lens assembly comprises:
a housing;
a bracket, rotatably disposed on the housing;
an angle adjusting component, disposed on the housing and connected to the bracket, and configured to drive the bracket to rotate under control of the head-up controller; and
a front windshield compensation lens, disposed on the bracket, and configured to compensate for the distortion caused by the front windshield and to adjust the angle of the emergent light,
wherein the angle adjusting component comprises an adjusting housing, an electric motor, a gear train and a pusher; wherein
the electric motor, the gear train and the pusher are disposed in the adjusting housing;
the electric motor is connected to the head-up controller and comprises a screw shaft, the screw shaft is engaged with the gear train;
the pusher has a pushing end connected to a back surface of the bracket and an engaging end engaged with the gear train; and
a rotary motion of the gear train is converted into a liner motion of the pusher.

US Pat. No. 10,191,285

HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY AND GAZE DETECTION SYSTEM

FOVE, INC., San Mateo, C...

1. A head mounted display that is mounted on the head of a user and used, the head mounted display comprising:an irradiation unit that irradiates the eyes of the user with invisible light;
a display that causes a light emitting element that emits light including the invisible light to emit the light and displays an image for the user to view;
an imaging device capable of capturing an image formed by the invisible light; and
an output unit that outputs an image captured by the imaging device as an image for gaze detection,
wherein the display includes a coated surface formed on a surface thereof that transmits the visible light and reflects the invisible light,
the coated surface prevents the invisible light emitted from the display from reaching the imaging device, and
the imaging device images the eyes of the user using the invisible light radiated from the irradiation unit, reflected by the eyes of the user, and reflected by the coated surface.

US Pat. No. 10,191,284

SEE-THROUGH COMPUTER DISPLAY SYSTEMS

Osterhout Group, Inc., S...

1. A head mounted display with a wide display field of view providing a high transmission see-through view of a surrounding environment with an overlaid high contrast displayed image comprising:a. upper optics with a first optical axis including:
i. an emissive image source that provides image light comprised of one or more narrow spectral bands of light;
ii. one or more lenses;
iii. a stray light trap; and
b. lower optics with a second optical axis including:
i. a planar beam splitter angled relative to the first optical axis and the second optical axis; and
ii. a curved partially reflective mirror;
wherein the upper optics and the lower optics are designed to provide a limited central sharp zone and a surrounding peripheral zone that is less sharp.

US Pat. No. 10,191,282

COMPUTER DISPLAY DEVICE MOUNTED ON EYEGLASSES

1. A device configured to be worn like eyeglasses by a user, the device comprising:an eyeglass main body;
a display apparatus provided on the eyeglass main body and configured to display an original screen corresponding to a visual confirmation screen that appears to the user to be floating in midair;
an imaging apparatus provided on the eyeglass main body and configured such that, when the user performs an operation on the visual confirmation screen using a finger or an input instructing tool, the imaging apparatus captures one or more images of the finger or the input instructing tool that has performed the operation and generates image data;
an operation determining unit configured to determine, when the imaging apparatus has captured the image of the finger or of the input instructing tool used by the user to perform the operation on the visual confirmation screen, contents of the operation performed by the finger or the input instructing tool, based on the image data;
a positional data generating unit configured to generate, when the imaging apparatus has captured the image of the finger or of the input instructing tool used by the user to perform the operation on the visual confirmation screen, positional data of the finger or of the input instructing tool in an imaging range that is a range in which the imaging apparatus can capture an image based on the image data obtained by the imaging;
a reference data generating unit configured to generate, when the user performs a reference data setting operation using a finger or the input instructing tool at two or more predetermined positions on the visual confirmation screen, data that specifies the position and the size of the visual confirmation screen by using the positional data of the finger or of the input instructing tool generated by the positional data generating unit based on the image data for which the operation determining unit has determined that the operation at each of the two or more predetermined positions is a prescribed operation, and to store the generated data as reference data in a storage unit; and
an input control unit configured to:
determine, when the user performs the operation using the finger or the input instructing tool on the visual confirmation screen, contents of an inputted instruction, which corresponds to the operation performed by the finger or the input instructing tool, based on: (i) data concerning the contents of the operation performed by the finger or the input instructing tool determined by the operation determining unit, (ii) the positional data of the finger or of the input instructing tool generated by the positional data generating unit, (iii) the reference data concerning the visual confirmation screen that is stored in the storage unit, and (iv) the data that specifies the position and the size of the visual confirmation screen, by specifying the range of the visual confirmation screen within the imaging range, and by checking the position of the operation using the finger or the input instructing tool within the range of the specified visual confirmation screen, and
control the original screen to be displayed on the display apparatus in accordance with the determined contents of the inputted instruction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,278

OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS

VISION ENGINEERING LIMITE...

1. An optical instrument for producing an optical image to be viewed by an observer, the optical instrument comprising:an optical system for producing an optical image of an object which is viewable by an observer at an exit pupil on a viewing plane; and
a diffractive element located at an image plane of the optical system for producing an array of exit pupils, which are perceivable as a single, enlarged exit pupil by the observer;
wherein the diffractive element comprises a surface which has an array of diffractive units, each of which generates one of the exit pupils of the array of exit pupils, the diffractive units each comprising replications of a pattern of a plurality of separated areas which are effective to produce diffractive interference of light and generate a plurality of exit pupils which are displaced relative to one another in the form of an array of exit pupils, such as to be viewable as a single, continuous enlarged exit pupil, and the areas comprise irregular features of different sizes, both in horizontal and vertical section, which have curved surfaces at lateral faces thereof;
wherein the diffractive units are disposed progressively radially outwardly from the optical axis of the diffractive element and configured progressively to provide for an increasing angular offset of the optical path thereat, such that, independent of location on the aperture of the diffractive element and without any relay lens arrangement between the diffractive element and the viewing plane, light from the received image is relayed to a common region on the viewing plane across the aperture of the diffractive element.

US Pat. No. 10,191,275

THREE-MIRROR ANASTIGMAT HAVING RECTANGULAR APERTURE STOP

BAE Systems Information a...

1. An off-axis three-mirror anastigmat having a rectangular aperture stop to control rays of incident electromagnetic radiation passing through the three-mirror anastigmat along an optical path, the three-mirror anastigmat comprising:three or more reflective surfaces along the optical path, each surface being configured to change a direction of each ray on the surface based on a location of the ray relative to the surface, at least one of the surfaces being conjugate to and having a same shape as the rectangular aperture stop,
wherein the rectangular aperture stop has a width-to-length ratio of between 0.76 and 0.84, and
wherein the at least one of the surfaces comprises a concave primary mirror to collect and focus the electromagnetic radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,191,274

IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image display apparatus comprising:a light source device including a light source unit;
a scanning optical system including an image forming unit on which an intermediate image is formed by light from the light source unit; and
a virtual image optical system configured to guide light of the intermediate image by using a reflecting mirror and a curved transmissive reflection member, wherein:
the scanning optical system includes an optical scanning unit configured to scan the light from the light source unit in a main scanning direction and a sub-scanning direction of the image forming unit, and
the image forming unit is a transmissive member curved in a longitudinal direction of an image displayed on the curved transmissive reflection member.

US Pat. No. 10,191,273

MIRROR DRIVING DEVICE, BEAM IRRADIATION DEVICE, AND LASER RADAR

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A mirror driving device comprising:a rotating shaft;
a first driving source which rotates the rotating shaft;
a mirror holder which is supported on the rotating shaft by a support shaft extending perpendicular to the rotating shaft, the mirror holder being rotatable about the support shaft;
a mirror mounted on the mirror holder;
a holding part provided at an edge of the mirror holder;
a rotating body on which the mirror holder is placed at a position located away from the support shaft;
a guide which is disposed at the holding part and which guides the holding part so as to be capable of changing a distance between the holding part and the rotating shaft;
a moving mechanism which moves the rotating body in a direction parallel to the rotating shaft in a state where the rotating body is rotatable with the rotating shaft; and
a second driving source which moves the rotating body via the moving mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,191,270

IMAGING UNIT AND ENDOSCOPE APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. An imaging unit provided at a distal end of an endoscope, the imaging unit comprising:a solid state image sensor configured to receive light and perform photoelectric conversion on the light to generate an electric signal;
a substrate extending from the solid state image sensor in an optical axis direction of the solid state image sensor;
a multi-layer substrate formed on a surface of the substrate, the multi-layer substrate having a plurality of electronic components mounted thereon, the multi-layer substrate having a plurality of conductor layers and a plurality of via holes formed therein, the solid state image sensor being positioned on a distal end of the multi-layer substrate; and
a signal cable connected to a proximal end of the multi-layer substrate;
wherein the plurality of electronic components are disposed in a position excluding a center of the multi-layer substrate in the optical axis direction,
at least one of the plurality of electronic components is embedded inside the multi-layer substrate, and
the plurality of via holes are formed on both sides of the at least one of the plurality of electronic components embedded inside the multi-layer substrate along an optical axis direction of the multi-layer substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,191,269

SLIDE HOLDER FOR AN OPTICAL MICROSCOPE

1. A microscope slide holder for an optical microscope, comprising:a base portion,
a slide holder portion arranged on the base portion and having a mounting zone capable of receiving microscope slides, the slide holder portion being movably arranged on the base portion,
a manipulator for moving the slide holder portion with respect to the base portion in at least two orthogonal directions,wherein:the base portion is dimensioned to fit into another mounting zone that is of a slide holder of the optical microscope designed for holding a single slide at a time in the optical microscope.

US Pat. No. 10,191,268

METHOD FOR ANALYZING A SAMPLE WITH A NON-LINEAR MICROSCOPY TECHNIQUE AND NON-LINEAR MICROSCOPE ASSOCIATED

INSERM (Institute Nationa...

1. Method for analyzing a sample with a non-linear microscopy technique, in particular two-photon fluorescence microscopy, the method comprising at least the following steps:a) emitting at least one input laser pulse having a duration below or equal to 10 picoseconds,
b) deflecting the input laser pulse in a first direction by a first acousto-optical deflector to obtain a first deflected laser pulse, and
c) deflecting the first deflected laser pulse in a second direction by a second acousto-optical deflector to obtain a second deflected laser pulse, the first direction and the second direction defining at least an angle comprised between 85° and 95°,
d) sending the second deflected laser pulse on an optic system, to obtain a desired pattern of light within the sample,characterized in that:each acousto-optic deflector comprises an acousto-optical crystal and a transducer adapted to command the crystal by applying an acoustic wave, the instant when step a) is carried out and the instants at which the time-varying acoustic wave commands are started in the acousto-optic deflectors being synchronized such that each acousto-optic deflector only interacts with a laser pulse when the acoustic wave is established in the crystal,
at step b), the first acousto-optical deflector further shapes spatially the first deflected pulse in phase and in amplitude according to a first function,
at step c), the second acousto-optical deflector further shapes spatially the second deflected laser pulse in phase and in amplitude according to a second function, and
both the first function f and the second function g are such that at step d), the desired pattern of light is obtained by holography through the optic system.

US Pat. No. 10,191,266

THREE-DIMENSIONAL SHAPE MEASURING APPARATUS

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A three-dimensional shape measuring apparatus comprising:a light source;
an objective that condenses light emitted from the light source;
a stage on which a specimen is placed;
a scanner that two-dimensionally scans light that is condensed by the objective and is illuminated on the specimen;
an optical sensor that receives light that has been illuminated via the objective and has been reflected by the specimen; and
a processor that includes hardware, the processor being configured to perform control to:
image a sensor signal from the optical sensor;
store, in a memory, control information indicating a state of the three-dimensional shape measuring apparatus at a point in time of imaging, the control information being obtained in synchronization with the imaging of the sensor signal; and
control a transfer timing of the control information stored in the memory in accordance with a transfer timing of image data obtained by the imaging so as to output the control information to an image transfer path in association with the image data.

US Pat. No. 10,191,265

IMAGE GENERATION APPARATUS, IMAGE GENERATION METHOD, STORAGE MEDIUM, AND PROCESSING METHOD

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. An image generation apparatus comprisinga plurality of irradiators;
an image sensor having a surface on which an object is placed; and
a control circuit that generates an in-focus image of the object in a virtual focal plane located between the image sensor and the plurality of irradiators, wherein the control circuit performs an operation including
(a) generating an in-focus image of the object in each of a plurality of predetermined focal planes by using a plurality of captured images of the object, the captured images being obtained such that the plurality of irradiators sequentially irradiate the object and one image is captured by the image sensor each time the object is irradiated by one of the plurality of irradiator,
(b) extracting a contour of at least one or more cross sections of the object represented in the plurality of generated in-focus images,
(c) generating at least one or more circumferences based on the contour of the at least one or more cross sections,
(d) generating a sphere image in the form of a three-dimensional image of at least one or more spheres, each sphere having one of the generated at least one or more circumferences, and
(e) generating a synthetic image by processing the sphere image such that a cross section of the at least one or more spheres appears in the synthetic image, and displaying the resultant synthetic image on a display,
wherein the object is an embryo,
and wherein each of the at least one or more spheres includes an outer sphere representing an outward appearance of the embryo and at least one or more inner spheres, each inner sphere being contained in the outer sphere and representing an outward appearance of a cell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,264

REAL-TIME FOCUSING IN LINE SCAN IMAGING

LEICA BIOSYSTEMS IMAGING,...

1. A system comprising:an objective lens having an optical field of view;
a stage configured to support a sample;
at least one focusing line sensor positioned within a first optical path of the optical field of view and configured to receive a first portion of the optical field of view from the objective lens;
at least one imaging line sensor positioned within a second optical path of the optical field of view and configured to receive a second portion of the optical field of view from the objective lens while the at least one focusing line sensor receives the first portion of the optical field of view from the objective lens; and
at least one processor that controls one or more of the stage and the objective lens,
wherein, within the optical field of view, the first portion is spaced apart from the second portion by a distance h which satisfies 0