US Pat. No. 10,396,340

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MAKING A BATTERY SAFE

SAFT, Bagnolet (FR)

1. A safety device for a battery comprising a positive electrical terminal and a negative electrical terminal, each being adapted to be connected to an electrical connector, the battery and the electrical connector being configured so that the electrical connector can be connected to each of the positive and negative electrical terminals at first and second alternate connection positions, the safety device comprising a safety member adapted to be selectively positioned in:a first safety position wherein the safety member prevents the connection of an electrical connector in the second connection position of the positive electrical terminal and in the first connection position of the negative electrical terminal; or
a second safety position wherein the safety member prevents the connection of an electrical connector in the first connection position of the positive electrical terminal and in the second connection position of the negative electrical terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,396,339

BI-METAL BATTERY TAB

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A battery, comprising:a conductive tab fixed to the battery and in electrical communication with a battery cell terminal of a battery cell of the battery, the conductive tab positioned partially external to the battery cell, the conductive tab comprising:
a socket segment composed at least in part of a first metal; and
a pin segment composed at least in part of a second metal, the pin segment comprising a pin surface positioned at least partially within the socket segment and in contact with at least a first socket wall of the socket segment,
wherein the conductive tab is configured to electrically connect the battery to an external component to provide power from the battery, and wherein the conductive tab including the socket segment and the pin segment remain fixed to the battery when the battery is not connected to the external component.

US Pat. No. 10,396,338

BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A battery comprising:an electrode assembly;
a case accommodating the electrode assembly;
a cap plate sealing an upper portion of the case;
a coupling pin elongated downwardly from the cap plate toward the electrode assembly such that the coupling pin is concave when the cap plate is viewed from above and convex when the cap plate is viewed from below;
an electrode lead coupled to the coupling pin, wherein the electrode lead electrically connects the coupling pin and the electrode assembly to one another and defines a coupling hole into which the coupling pin is inserted; and
wherein the coupling pin and the coupling hole have corresponding non-circular cross-sections.

US Pat. No. 10,396,337

METHOD FOR MECHANICAL TREATMENT OF AN ELECTRICAL CONNECTION PART FOR A SECONDARY CELL

SAFT, Bagnolet (FR)

1. A lithium-ion secondary cell comprising a connecting part for connecting electrodes of the secondary cell to a current output terminal of the secondary cell, said connecting part having:a first surface at least a portion of which comprises a plurality of indentations regularly spaced apart along two directions in a plane defined by said first surface, and
a second surface opposite, in a vertical direction, to the portion of the first surface, comprising the plurality of indentations,
wherein the connecting part comprises a copper or a copper-based alloy and is welded by laser welding to:
at least one foil comprising a copper or a copper-based alloy of an electrode of the secondary cell, an end of the at least one foil being not covered by any electrochemically active material or
a current output terminal comprising a copper or a copper-based alloy,
the second surface being welded with either the current output terminal or the end of the at least one foil, and being flat and entirely devoid of protrusions,
wherein the weld between the second surface of the connecting part and the current output terminal or the end of the at least one foil corresponds to a displacement of a laser beam, and
wherein the indentations have a square pyramidal shape for a view in a cross section of the connecting part.

US Pat. No. 10,396,336

SECONDARY BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly;
an electrode lead attached to an electrode tab extending from the electrode assembly, the electrode lead having a through-hole formed therein;
a case accommodating the electrode assembly and the electrode lead; and
a cap plate coupled to the case to seal an opening of the case and comprising a protrusion part protruding to the inside of the case, the protrusion part being coupled to the electrode lead through the through-hole by riveting,
wherein the cap plate has at least one rivet groove formed around a periphery of the protrusion part and having a depth in a thickness direction of the cap plate, and the at least one rivet groove receives the protrusion part compressed by a pressure applied thereto when the protrusion part is coupled to the electrode lead through the through-hole by riveting, the protrusion part being spread and extended into the at least one rivet groove to be contacting and electrically connected with the cap plate when the protrusion part is coupled to the electrode lead by riveting.

US Pat. No. 10,396,335

CONNECTOR FOR POWER BATTERIES, POWER BATTERY MODULE, POWER BATTERY PACK AND VEHICLE

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, She...

1. A connector for connecting power batteries, comprising:a main connection sheet, a first fixing sheet configured to be connected to a first power battery, and a second fixing sheet configured to be connected to a second power battery, wherein the main connection sheet is divided into a first connection segment and a second connection segment in a longitudinal direction, the second connection segment is bent over to be located above the first connection segment, the first fixing sheet is connected to an edge of the first connection segment and a first predetermined angle is formed between the first fixing sheet and the first connection segment, the second fixing sheet is connected to an edge of the second connection segment and a second predetermined angle is formed between the second fixing sheet and the second connection segment, the first predetermined angle is larger than 0 degree and less than 180 degrees, the second predetermined angle is larger than 0 degree and less than 180 degrees, and the first fixing sheet and the second fixing sheet are at a same side of the main connection sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,396,334

BATTERY MODULE AND BATTERY PACK COMPRISING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery module, comprising:a plurality of secondary batteries stacked to each other, each including an electrode assembly, a case and electrode leads; and
a terminal bus bar having a plate-like coupling unit, wherein electrode leads of the same polarity provided in three or more secondary batteries of the plurality of secondary batteries stacked to each other are coupled to the plate-like coupling unit,
wherein two or more electrode leads of the same polarity are stacked to each other and are in contact with one end of the plate-like coupling unit,
wherein each of the other one or more of said electrode leads of the same polarity is in direct contact with the other end of the plate-like coupling unit,
wherein each of said electrode leads of the same polarity is partially bent to form a bent portion, and an end of the bent portion is in contact with the terminal bus bar such that the terminal bus bar is located between the bent portion and the corresponding case, and
wherein the plate-like coupling unit of the terminal bus bar has a protrusion protruding outwards on an outer surface thereof, and the protrusion is interposed between the two or more electrode leads of the same polarity and the other one or more electrode leads of the same polarity such that the two or more electrode leads of the same polarity and the other one or more electrode leads of the same polarity are connected to flat portions of the outer surface of the plate-like coupling unit adjacent to the protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,396,333

FLEXIBLE ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE PACK

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An electrochemical device pack, in which a length direction, a width direction and a thickness direction are defined, the electrochemical device pack comprising:first and second electrochemical devices disposed in the length direction, wherein each of the first and second electrochemical devices has a top surface and a bottom surface in the thickness direction; and
a first lead wire which has a ribbon shape, extends substantially in the length direction, and has a first surface and a second surface in the thickness direction,
wherein
the first electrochemical device comprises a packing material, and first and second electrode terminals exposed to an outside thereof,
the second electrochemical device comprises a packing material, and first and second electrode terminals exposed to an outside thereof,
the packing material of the first electrochemical device is spaced apart and disconnected from the packing material of the second electrochemical device,
the first lead wire is electrically connected to the first electrode terminal of the first electrochemical device and the first electrode terminal of the second electrochemical device, and
the first surface or the second surface of the first lead wire faces the top surface or bottom surface of the first electrochemical device.

US Pat. No. 10,396,332

BUS BAR ASSEMBLY FOR AN ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL STACK

HYDROGENICS CORPORATION, ...

1. An electrochemical cell stack comprising:a) a bus bar having two opposite generally flat side surfaces;
b) an end plate having a recess on one side, the recess arranged to receive the bus bar so that one of the two opposite generally flat side surfaces of the bus bar is received into the recess, the end plate having a substantially flat sealing area generally surrounding the recess; and
c) an elastic material in the form of a flat sheet arranged on the other of the two opposite generally flat side surfaces of the bus bar, the elastic material extending from the bus bar to the sealing area of the end plate to cover an interface between the bus bar and the end plate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,331

LAMINATE, SECONDARY BATTERY, BATTERY PACK, AND VEHICLE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A laminate comprising:an active material layer that comprises a plural of active material particles;
a separator that is layered on the active material layer, and comprises a first surface and a second surface opposed to the first surface; and
an organic electrolyte,
wherein the separator comprises particles comprising an inorganic compound having lithium ion conductivity at 25° C. of 1×10?10 S/cm or more, and a ratio (L/Rmax) of a thickness L to a radius Rmax satisfies 0 where the radius Rmax is a radius of the active material particle having a maximum particle size among the active material particles facing the first surface of the separator, and the thickness L is distance from an interface between the active material particle having a maximum particle size and the first surface of the separator to the second surface of the separator,
and wherein a ratio of an amount of the organic electrolyte to a total amount of the particles and the organic electrolyte is within a range of 1% by mass to 10% by mass.

US Pat. No. 10,396,329

BATTERY SEPARATOR MEMBRANE AND BATTERY EMPLOYING SAME

Dioxide Materials, Inc., ...

1. A battery comprising a separator membrane, the separator membrane comprising an ion-conducting polymeric composition comprising a copolymer of Ra-Rs and Rb, wherein:(a) Ra is a vinylbenzyl group;
(b) Rb is substituted ethene having the structural formula:

where R1-R4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogens, linear alkyls, branched alkyls, cyclic alkyls, heteroalkyls, aryls, heteroaryls, alkylaryls, and heteroalkylaryls;
(c) Rs is a positively charged amine group or a positively charged phosphene group;
(d) the copolymer comprises at least 3% of Ra by weight;
(e) the copolymer comprises at least 3% of Rb by weight;
(f) Ra and Rb are different chemical constituents; and
(g) Ra-Rs is not vinylpyridine.

US Pat. No. 10,396,328

CELLULOSE BASED FUNCTIONAL COMPOSITES, ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES AND MANUFACTURING METHODS THEREOF

Teknologian tutkimuskesku...

1. A method of making a composite structure, the method comprising:obtaining a mixture in gel form, the step of obtaining the mixture in gel form comprising:
a step of preparing a mixture comprising at least cellulose, at least a portion of which is fibrillated cellulose, and water such that the solids content of the mixture is at least 20% of the weight of the mixture; and
a step of mixing the mixture obtained from the preparation step with at least one functional additive comprising at least one electrolyte, at least one of electrically conductive additive, cathode chemical, and anode chemical, at least one carbon component, or at least one of silicon and lithium, thereby obtaining the mixture in gel form containing the cellulose and the at least one functional additive as solids, the solids content of the gel being at least 20%, and up to 35%, of the weight of the gel,
processing the mixture in gel form having the solids content of at least 20%, and up to 35%, of the weight to form the composite structure having a shape; and
reducing the water content of the mixture to solidify the formed composite structure.

US Pat. No. 10,396,327

ACID RESISTANT GLASS MATS THAT INCLUDE BINDERS WITH HYDROPHILIC AGENTS

Johns Manville, Denver, ...

1. A lead-acid battery comprising:a positive electrode;
a negative electrode; and
a nonwoven glass-fiber mat disposed adjacent to at least one of the positive electrode and the negative electrode, wherein the nonwoven glass-fiber mat comprises:
glass fibers; and
a binder that holds together the glass fibers in the mat,
wherein the binder is made from a binder composition comprising:
an acid resistant polymer; and
a hydrophilic agent comprising a hydrophilic glycol ester;
wherein the hydrophilic agent increases wettability of the glass-fiber mat such that the glass-fiber mat forms a contact angle with water or aqueous sulfuric acid solution of 70° or less.

US Pat. No. 10,396,326

BATTERY BLOCK

SANYO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.,...

1. A battery block comprising:a plurality of batteries disposed in an arrangement, each of the plurality of batteries including a safety valve for releasing gas generated within the battery;
a positive electrode-side current collecting part for collecting current by connecting positive electrode sides of the plurality of batteries;
a negative electrode-side current collecting part for collecting current by connecting negative electrode sides of the plurality of batteries, and
a plurality of fuses,
wherein, in the positive electrode-side current collecting part and the negative electrode-side current collecting part that are connected to the plurality of batteries, one of the positive electrode-side current collecting part and the negative electrode-side current collecting part is connected to the safety valve of each of the plurality of batteries, and
one of the plurality of fuses is connected between the other of the positive electrode-side current collecting part and the negative electrode-side current collecting part and each of the plurality of batteries, and
wherein the gas released by the safety valve is released from the battery block without contacting the plurality of fuses.

US Pat. No. 10,396,325

BATTERY MODULE AND BATTERY PACK COMPRISING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery module comprising:a housing comprising a first housing and a second housing, which are coupled to each other to form a accommodation space;
a plurality of secondary batteries accommodated in the accommodation space;
a bolt comprising a screw portion and a bolt head arranged at an end of the screw portion, the bolt being configured to fasten the first housing and the second housing to each other by being mounted such that the screw portion penetrates the first housing to be screw-coupled to the second housing, and that the bolt head is caught by the first housing; and
an O-ring mounted to be interposed between the first housing and the bolt head,
wherein the O-ring comprises:
a hollow pierced such that the screw portion is inserted therein; and
a recognition protrusion formed to protrude in a radial direction of the bolt head as compared with the bolt head.

US Pat. No. 10,396,324

FIXING DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A fixing device that fixes an object in a body case, the fixing device comprising:the body case that therein defines a housing chamber in which the object is housed;
the object that is housed in the housing chamber; and
a cover that is in contact with the body case and covers the housing chamber when the object is housed in the housing chamber, wherein
the body case has one of a groove and a protrusion that engage with each other,
the object has an other one of the groove and the protrusion,
the groove includes
a receiving portion that extends in an inserting direction in which the object is inserted into the housing chamber and
a positioning portion that extends in an intersecting direction intersecting with the inserting direction,
the receiving portion has an end in the inserting direction, and the positioning portion extends from the end of the receiving portion in the intersecting direction,
the cover has a restricting portion that is in contact with the object while the cover covers the housing chamber,
the protrusion engages with the positioning portion when the object is fixed in the body case, and
the restricting portion restricts a displacement of the object relative to the body case in a direction opposite to the intersecting direction.

US Pat. No. 10,396,323

ELECTRICAL BOX FOR BATTERY PACK AND BATTERY PACK STRUCTURE USING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. An electrical box for a battery pack, the electrical box embedded in a battery pack structure in which one or more battery modules are received and comprising:a housing configured to receive a battery protection circuit therein,
wherein the housing comprises a lower housing and an upper housing, the upper housing having a central panel, a vertical wall extending from opposite edges of the central panel and flanges that contact an inner frame constituting a load-bearing structure of the battery pack structure and are configured to support the inner frame,
wherein the flanges comprise:
a first flange connected to each vertical wall, the first flange having a first edge connected to a top edge of the respective vertical wall and a second edge spaced from the first edge; and
a second flange connected to and extending downwardly from a third edge of each first flange, the third edge being between the first edge and the second edge.

US Pat. No. 10,396,322

ELECTRIC STORAGE DEVICE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. An electric storage device comprising:a plurality of first storage modules in each of which a plurality of storage cells are stacked;
a second storage module in which a plurality of storage cells are stacked;
an attachment part to which the first storage modules are fixed in line; and
a holding frame that holds the second storage module above a predetermined first storage module of the first storage modules in a height direction,
wherein the holding frame is divided into at least a first frame member and a second frame member,
wherein the first frame member has a first bottom portion fixed to the attachment part, and
wherein the second frame member has a second bottom portion set below the other first storage module adjacent to the predetermined first storage module and fixed to the attachment part.

US Pat. No. 10,396,321

BATTERY PACK SPACER

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A battery pack spacer which is arranged between adjacent single cells in a battery pack constructed by arranging a plurality of single cells in a predetermined arrangement direction, each of the single cells including terminals which protrude in a direction perpendicular to the arrangement direction, the battery pack spacer comprising:a first region; and
a second region,
wherein
the direction in which the terminals protrude is set as a first direction,
a direction opposite to the first direction is set as a second direction,
in the first direction and the second direction of the battery pack spacer arranged between the single cells, the spacer is divided into the first region and the second region,
the first region includes an end portion in the first direction and occupies half of an entire region of the spacer in the second direction from the end portion in the first direction,
the second region includes an end portion in the second direction and occupies half of the entire region of the spacer in the first direction from the end portion in the second direction, and
wherein a wedge-shaped space is formed in the battery pack spacer, so that a width of the space, as viewed along the arrangement direction, is widest at the end portion in the second direction, and gradually narrows toward the end portion in the first direction until no space is formed in the end portion in the first direction so the second region has higher compressibility in the arrangement direction than the first region.

US Pat. No. 10,396,320

BATTERY RETENTION ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

Schlage Lock Company LLC,...

1. A system, comprising:a casing including a mounting plate that at least partially defines a receiving space sized and configured to receive an energy storage device;
an electronic device configured to receive electrical power from the energy storage device; and
a retaining member operable to selectively retain the energy storage device within the receiving space, the retaining member including a plate portion and having a first state in which the plate portion has a predetermined orientation relative to the mounting plate, and in which the plate portion is offset from the mounting plate such that a width dimension of the receiving space is defined between the plate portion and the mounting plate;
wherein the retaining member is constrained to movement along a path extending at an oblique angle relative to the mounting plate; and
wherein the retaining member is movable along the path to adjust the width dimension of the receiving space while maintaining the predetermined orientation of the plate portion relative to the mounting plate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,319

BATTERY PACK FOR COORDINATE MEASUREMENT MACHINE

1. A battery pack for a coordinate measurement machine (CMM), comprising:a substantially hollow case having at least one sidewall, a top end, and a bottom end;
a battery module contained within the case;
a bottom end cap having a base coupler at a central portion thereof, the base coupler adapted to cooperatively engage with a base supporting the CMM; and
a top end cap having a coupling extending from a central portion of the top end cap, the coupling adapted to cooperatively engage with a corresponding fitting of a CMM positioning accessory, wherein the battery pack is configured to be interposed between the base and the CCM positioning accessory.

US Pat. No. 10,396,318

STRETCH REMOVABLE ADHESIVE TAPES AND PREPARATION METHOD AND APPLICATION THEREOF

SAINT-GOBAIN PERFORMANCE ...

1. A tape comprising:a. a first adhesive layer forming a first outer major surface of the tape;
b. a second adhesive layer forming a second outer major surface of the tape;
c. a core disposed between the first adhesive layer and the second adhesive layer, wherein the core comprises a thermoplastic film having a recovery of at least about 50% and a tensile strength of at least about 50 MPa;
wherein the adhesive tape is stretch releasable without breaking.

US Pat. No. 10,396,317

ULTRASONIC WELDING APPARATUS AND SECONDARY BATTERY WITH ENHANCED ELECTRODE STRUCTURE

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A secondary battery, comprising:an electrode assembly in which a cathode plate provided with a cathode tab, an anode plate provided with an anode tab, and a separator are stacked in turn;
a pouch for receiving the electrode assembly;
a cathode lead welded and electrically coupled to the cathode tab at a second welding surface; and
an anode lead welded and electrically coupled to the anode tab at a first welding surface,
wherein a first density of welding points, formed at the first welding surface between the anode lead and the anode tab, is higher than a second density of welding points, formed at the second welding surface between the cathode lead and the cathode tab;
wherein each of the first welding surface and the second welding surface includes a central axis and a plurality of the welding points arranged in a plurality of columns extending perpendicular to the central axis, each of the columns being defined by a linear arrangement of a plurality of discrete welding points;
wherein a number of the welding points at the first welding surface gradually increases from the central axis of the first welding surface outwardly to both sides of the first welding surface, and a number of the welding points at the second welding surface gradually increases from the central axis of the second welding surface outwardly to both sides of the second welding surface; and
wherein, for each of the first and second welding surfaces, a first spacing between an outermost one of the columns and a first one of the columns disposed directly adjacent the outermost column is less than a second spacing between a central one of the columns and a second one of the columns disposed directly adjacent the central column, the second column being disposed between the central column and the first column.

US Pat. No. 10,396,316

CELL PACKAGING MATERIAL AND CELL

DAI NIPPON PRINTING CO., ...

1. A battery packaging material including a laminate including at least a base material layer, a metal layer and a heat-sealable resin layer in this order, wherein:the base material layer is formed of a polyamide resin containing ethylene bis-stearic acid amide, and
the amount of ethylene bis-stearic acid amide existing per area of 210 mm×297 mm of a surface of the base material layer after the battery packaging material is left standing in a thermostatic bath at 100° C. for 24 hours is 30 ?g or less.

US Pat. No. 10,396,310

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a substrate;
a first insulating layer arranged on the substrate and includes an opening;
a second insulating layer positioned between the first insulating layer and the substrate;
a first dam arranged on the substrate and spaced from the first insulating layer;
an electrode power supply line arranged on the substrate, wherein at least a portion of the electrode power supply line is between the first insulating layer and the first dam in a first direction, wherein the first direction is parallel to a face of the substrate;
a protection conductive layer arranged on the first insulating layer and electrically connected to the electrode power supply line, wherein a portion of the protection conductive layer is positioned inside the opening and directly contacts the second insulating layer;
a pixel electrode arranged on the first insulating layer;
an opposite electrode overlapping the pixel electrode and directly contacting the protection conductive layer; and
an encapsulation layer arranged on the opposite electrode,
wherein a first portion of the encapsulation layer directly contacts a first portion of the protection conductive layer and is positioned between the first insulating layer and the first dam in the first direction,
wherein the first portion of the protection conductive layer is positioned between the electrode power supply line and the first portion of the encapsulation layer in a second direction,
wherein the second direction is perpendicular to the face of the substrate, and
wherein the encapsulation layer comprises a first inorganic encapsulation layer, a second inorganic encapsulation layer, and a hybrid encapsulation layer positioned between the first inorganic encapsulation layer and the second inorganic encapsulation layer.

US Pat. No. 10,396,298

IRIDIUM COMPLEX AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE USING THE SAME

National Tsing Hua Univer...

1. An iridium complex represented by general formula (I):
wherein
A1, A2, A3, A4 and A5 are each independently a 5-membered unsaturated ring or a 6-membered unsaturated ring.

US Pat. No. 10,396,204

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

UNITED MICROELECTRONICS C...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a gate structure extending along a first direction on a substrate, wherein the gate structure comprises a first edge and a second edge extending along the first direction;
a first doped region adjacent to a first side of the gate structure, wherein the first doped region comprises a third edge and a fourth edge extending along the first direction;
a second doped region adjacent to a second side of the gate structure, wherein the second doped region comprises a fifth edge and a sixth edge extending along the first direction and the fourth edge and the fifth edge not overlapping each other, and the first side and the second side are opposite to each other;
a first fin-shaped structure extending from the second edge of the gate structure toward and contacting the third edge of the first doped region, wherein the first fin-shaped structure is not disposed at the second side of the gate structure; and
a second fin-shaped structure extending from the first edge of the gate structure toward the sixth edge of the second doped region.

US Pat. No. 10,396,136

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting display device, comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of pixel electrodes over the substrate, the plurality of pixel electrodes are separated from each other;
a pixel-defining layer having a plurality of openings respectively corresponding to the plurality of pixel electrodes;
a first intermediate layer over a first pixel electrode of the plurality of pixel electrodes, the first intermediate layer including a first light-emitting layer;
a second intermediate layer over a second pixel electrode of the plurality of pixel electrodes, the second intermediate layer including a second light-emitting layer;
a first counter electrode over the first intermediate layer, and
a second counter electrode over the second intermediate layer,wherein a portion of the first intermediate layer and a portion of the second intermediate layer overlap each other over an upper surface of the pixel-defining layer, wherein:the first intermediate layer includes a first sub-intermediate layer between the first pixel electrode and the first light-emitting layer, and
the second intermediate layer includes a second sub-intermediate layer between the second pixel electrode and the second light-emitting layer, and
wherein portions of the first sub-intermediate layer and the second sub-intermediate layer overlap each other in a region between neighboring pixel electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,396,111

PACKAGE FOR AN OPTICAL SENSOR, OPTICAL SENSOR ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD OF PRODUCING A PACKAGE FOR AN OPTICAL SENSOR

ams AG, Unterpremstaette...

1. A package for an optical sensor, comprising:an optically opaque enclosure to be mounted onto a substrate;
an optical element; and
an aperture in the enclosure,
wherein
the enclosure forms a cavity in combination with the substrate,
the optical element comprises an optically translucent polymer,
the formulation of the polymer achieves optical filter properties of the optical element,
the aperture attaches the optical element to the enclosure,
the polymer comprises an epoxy resin,
an epoxy resin composition comprises the epoxy resin, a curing agent, and a colorant, the colorant comprising a dye, a pigment, a nano-particle, an ink, a paint, a colored chemical or food coloring or a combination thereof,
the aperture has a conical geometric shape to attach the optical element to the enclosure,
the optical element is arranged at an underside of the enclosure, the underside facing towards the substrate, and the optical element has conical shape and points towards the substrate,
the enclosure comprises a top layer and two side layers, and
the optical element is inside of and extends beyond an inside surface of the top layer of the enclosure,
the enclosure comprises an opaque material, the enclosure and the opaque material sealing the cavity,
the substrate having a low wettability configured for reduced sticking to the polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,396,094

THREE-DIMENSIONAL SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A three-dimensional semiconductor device, comprising:a stack of layers comprising gate electrodes disposed one over another on a substrate:
a channel structure extending through the gate electrodes and connected to the substrate;
an insulating gap-fill pattern disposed within the channel structure and surrounded by the channel structure as viewed in a plan view; and
a conductive pattern on the insulating gap-fill pattern,
wherein a portion of the insulating gap-fill pattern extends into the conductive pattern, and
at least a portion of the conductive pattern is interposed between the portion of the insulating gap-fill pattern and the channel structure.

US Pat. No. 10,395,747

REGISTER-TRANSFER LEVEL DESIGN ENGINEERING CHANGE ORDER STRATEGY

CADENCE DESIGN SYSTEMS, I...

1. A system for modifying at least one memory unit, comprising:a computer hardware arrangement configured to:
determine a location of at least one first memory built-in self-test (MBIST) logic block in the at least one memory unit;
remove the at least one first MBIST logic block from the at least one memory unit; and
insert at least one second MBIST logic block into the at least one memory unit at the location.

US Pat. No. 10,395,725

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INCLUDING MEMORY CELLS

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:an encoder comprising:
first to m-th memory cells (m is an integer of 2 or more), wherein an i-th memory cell (i is an integer greater than or equal to 1 and less than or equal to m) comprises a capacitor and a first transistor;
first to m-th lines, wherein an i-th line is electrically connected to a first terminal of the capacitor of the i-th memory cell; and
a circuit electrically connected to the first to m-th memory cells through a wiring,
wherein the i-th memory cell is configured to retain an i-th retained data to a node where a second terminal of the capacitor and a gate of the first transistor are electrically connected,
wherein the i-th line is supplied with an i-th supplied data, and
wherein the circuit is configured to output data depending on summation of products of the i-th retained data and the i-th supplied data.

US Pat. No. 10,395,682

ACHIEVING FINE MOTION BETWEEN MODULES IN A MAGNETIC HEAD

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first module and a second module each having an array of transducers oriented orthogonal to an intended direction of tape travel thereacross, wherein the first module is movable relative to the second module;
a first actuator configured to exert a force on one of the modules for causing a relative movement of the first module with respect to the second module for aligning the transducers of the first module with the transducers of the second module in a direction of tape travel thereacross; and
a second actuator,
wherein the second actuator is coupled to a second end of the first module and at least a portion of the second module, the second end of the first module being opposite a first end of the first module along a longitudinal axis of the first module,
wherein the second actuator is positioned entirely between the second end of the first module and the portion of the second module,
wherein longitudinal axes of the arrays of the first and second modules are not pivotable from orthogonal to the intended direction of tape travel thereacross.

US Pat. No. 10,395,681

ADJUSTABLE MAGNETIC TAPE DRIVE

International Business Ma...

1. A media device comprising:a controller,
a tape head,
a tape comprising tape-position indicia,
an indicia detection device, and
an adjusting device;
wherein the indicia detection device is configured to detect the tape-position indicia and provide an output corresponding to a tape position;
wherein the controller is configured to send an adjustment command based on the output;
wherein the adjusting device is configured to adjust the media device between a first configuration and a second configuration, based on the adjustment command;
wherein the tape physically contacts the tape head in the first configuration; and
wherein the tape does not physically contact the tape head in the second configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,395,680

LEADING EDGE THERMAL SENSOR FOR A HEAT-ASSISTED MAGNETIC RECORDING HEAD

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a slider comprising an air bearing surface (ABS);
a near-field transducer (NFT) at or near the ABS;
an optical waveguide configured to couple light from a laser source to the NFT comprising a first side facing the NFT and a second opposing side facing away from the NFT, and further comprising an upper cladding layer, a lower cladding layer disposed proximate the second side, and a core disposed between the first and second cladding layers; and
a thermal sensor disposed at a leading edge of the NFT within the lower cladding layer, the thermal sensor comprising an ABS section situated at or proximate the ABS and a distal section extending away from the ABS, the thermal sensor configured to detect changes in output optical power of the laser source and contact between the slider and a magnetic recording medium.

US Pat. No. 10,395,679

TRANSDUCING HEAD SUSPENSION WITH RESONANCE SYSTEM

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. An apparatus comprising a gimbal flexure mounted to a load beam via a rigid physical connection, the gimbal flexure supporting a transducing head and contacting the load beam via the rigid physical connection, a dimple, a first contact feature, and a second contact feature concurrently, the rigid physical connection, dimple, first contact feature, and second contact feature each being separate and different points of physical contact, the rigid physical connection positioned between the first and second contact features.

US Pat. No. 10,395,678

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING SLIDER-DISK CONTACT IN A MAGNETIC RECORDING DISK DRIVE WITH DUAL FLY-HEIGHT ACTUATORS

Western Digital Technolog...

1. A method for determining slider-disk contact in a magnetic recording disk drive having a rotatable magnetic recording disk, a slider maintained over the surface of the rotating disk, a first thermal fly-height control (TFC1) heater and a first contact sensor on the slider, and a second thermal fly-height control (TFC2) heater and a second contact sensor on the slider, the first and second contact sensors being electrically connected to provide a combined output signal, the method comprising:applying power to the TFC1 heater;
applying power to the TFC2 heater;
dithering the TFC1 heater power at a first frequency;
dithering the TFC2 heater power at a second frequency different from said first frequency;
sensing the combined output signal;
analyzing the combined output signal to detect a first signal at said first frequency and a second signal at said second frequency;
comparing the first and second detected signals; and
determining from said compared detected signals the TFC1 and TFC2 heater power values corresponding to slider-disk contact.

US Pat. No. 10,395,677

DISTRIBUTING TAPE DRIVE ABRASION

International Business Ma...

1. A method for use with a tape drive including a magnetic head with a tape facing surface, a head movement control sub-system, a tape movement control sub-system, and a tape medium that defines a longitudinal direction and a transverse direction, the method comprising:receiving a wear profile data set including information indicative of an observed and/or estimated wear profile of the tape facing surface of a magnetic head of the tape drive;
determining that one or more portions of the magnetic head of the tape drive along the transverse direction have higher levels of relative abrasive wear compared to at least one portion of the magnetic head of the tape drive along the transverse direction based, at least in part, on the wear profile data set; and
controlling a relative position and/or relative orientation of the tape facing surface of the magnetic head and a portion of the tape medium proximate to the magnetic head in a manner to counter uneven wear indicated by the wear profile information during movement of the tape medium in the longitudinal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,395,676

MAGNETIC RECORDING APPARATUS HAVING CIRCUITS WITH DIFFERING TUNNEL VALVE SENSORS AND ABOUT THE SAME RESISTANCE

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a first circuit comprising a pair of terminals coupled to a first read transducer and a first parallel circuit, the first read transducer having a tunnel valve structure having a resistance; and
a second circuit comprising a pair of terminals coupled to a second read transducer having a tunnel valve structure,
wherein an area of a tunnel barrier portion of the second read transducer along a plane of deposition thereof is larger than an area of a tunnel barrier portion of the first read transducer along a plane of deposition thereof,
wherein a terminal resistance of the first circuit is less than about five times a terminal resistance of the second circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,395,674

TAPE HEAD AND SYSTEM HAVING ASYMMETRICAL CONSTRUCTION

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:determining a first distance from a sensor to a first edge closest thereto, wherein the sensor is positioned between a lower shield and the first edge;
selecting a first wrap angle, set by a first guide, based on the first distance for inducing tenting of a moving magnetic recording tape above a tape bearing surface in a region directly above the sensor, the tenting causing the moving magnetic recording tape to form a tent having a convex region beginning at the first edge and transitioning to a concave region at an inflection point, an end of the tenting being where the concave region transitions to another tent or becomes essentially parallel to the tape bearing surface;
determining a second distance from a second edge to the sensor; and
selecting a second wrap angle, set by a second guide, based on the determined second distance for affecting or not affecting the tenting of a moving magnetic recording tape located directly above the sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,395,673

IN-FIELD LASER CALIBRATION FOR HEAT-ASSISTED MAGNETIC RECORDING HEAD USING TEMPERATURE COMPENSATION EQUATION

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A method, comprising:generating, for a heat-assisted magnetic recording (HAMR) disk drive, a temperature compensation equation that characterizes total currents supplied to a laser diode of the disk drive across a range of operating temperatures of the disk drive, the total currents representative of currents for recording data to or erasing data from a magnetic recording medium;
storing the temperature compensation equation in the disk drive;
updating the temperature compensation equation using a subsequent total current associated with an operating temperature at the time of the updating; and
adjusting, using the updated temperature compensation equation, the total current supplied to the laser diode for a subsequent write operation in response to an operating temperature at the time of the subsequent write operation.

US Pat. No. 10,395,672

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MANAGING ADAPTATION DATA

ELWHA LLC, Bellevue, WA ...

1. A personal device comprising:circuitry configured for obtaining adaptation data that is correlated to at least one aspect of speech of a particular party;
circuitry configured for detecting using a microphone speech of at least one speech-facilitated interaction involving the particular party and a target device;
circuitry configured for determining that recognition by the target device of one or more words spoken by the particular party during the at least one speech-facilitated interaction has taken longer than a duration; and
circuitry configured for updating the target device with at least some of the adaptation data prior to completion of the at least one speech-facilitated interaction based at least partly on recognition of the one or more words by the target device taking longer than the duration,
wherein the at least some of the adaptation data is configured to be applied by the target device to improve one or more speech recognition capabilities with respect to the at least one speech-facilitated interaction.

US Pat. No. 10,395,671

DYNAMICALLY PROVIDING TO A PERSON FEEDBACK PERTAINING TO UTTERANCES SPOKEN OR SUNG BY THE PERSON

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, in real time, from a mobile communication device, utterances spoken or sung by a first person, wherein the mobile communication device detects the utterances spoken or sung by the first person when the utterances are spoken or sung;
determining that a location of the mobile communication device is in an area designated as a quiet zone;
generating, using a processor, a key indicator that indicates at least one characteristic of the detected utterances spoken or sung by the first person;
based, at least in part, on the key indicator, determining that the first person is speaking or singing too loudly in the area designated as the quiet zone; and
responsive to determining that the first person is speaking or singing too loudly in the area designated as the quiet zone, communicating to the mobile communication device feedback indicating that the first person is speaking or singing too loudly in the area designated as the quiet zone, wherein the mobile communication device is configured to present the feedback to the first person or a second person.

US Pat. No. 10,395,670

DIAGNOSIS METHOD, DIAGNOSIS DEVICE, AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM WHICH RECORDS DIAGNOSIS PROGRAM

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

10. A diagnosis device which diagnoses an abnormal sound of an electric apparatus, the diagnosis device comprising:a sound collection position storage portion which stores at least two sound collection positions of an abnormal sound of the electric apparatus;
an instruction portion which obtains the at least two sound collection positions from the sound collection position storage portion to give an instruction to present the at least two sound collection positions to an outside;
a comparison portion which compares a current position of the diagnosis device and one sound collection position of the at least two sound collection positions presented;
a sound data storage portion which stores at least two items of sound data, at least two items of log data of the electric apparatus, and the at least two sound collection positions so as to be correlated with each other,
a sound collection portion which obtains sound data indicative of an abnormal sound of the electric apparatus collected by a microphone, based on a comparison result, and stores the obtained sound data in the sound data storage portion so as to correlated with the log data obtained from the electric apparatus and the one sound collection position;
a completion determination portion which determines whether sound collection at the at least two sound collection positions presented is completed;
a diagnosis determination portion which determines whether diagnosis of an abnormal sound of the electric apparatus is possible, based on at least two items of log data correlated with at least two items of sound data stored in the sound data storage portion; and
a diagnosis portion which diagnoses an abnormal sound of the electric apparatus by using the at least two items of sound data and at least two sound collection positions correlated with the at least two items of sound data which are stored in the sound data storage portion, based on a determination result of the completion determination portion and a determination result of the diagnosis determination portion.

US Pat. No. 10,395,669

VOICE ANALYSIS APPARATUS, VOICE ANALYSIS METHOD, AND PROGRAM

SONY INTERACTIVE ENTERTAI...

6. A voice analysis apparatus comprising:a sound volume correlation value calculation section configured to calculate, for each of a plurality of time intervals, a value indicating a degree of correlation in a sound volume of voices at two or more timings separated by the time interval, as a sound volume correlation value associated with the time interval;
a beat cycle specification section configured to specify a beat cycle of the voices on a basis of the sound volume correlation value associated with each of the plurality of time intervals;
a beat timing specification section configured to calculate, for each of the plurality of timings, the value indicating the degree of the correlation in the sound volume of the voices at the two or more timings separated by the beat cycle, which includes the timing and the sound volume of the voices at the timing, and specify a beat timing of the voices on the basis of the calculated value;
a rhythmic beat-number specification section configured to specify, for each of a plurality of integers, the sound volume correlation value associated with the time interval that is the integer multiple of the beat cycle and specify a rhythmic beat-number of the voices on the basis of the calculated sound volume correlation value;
a measure start timing specification section configured to specify a measure start timing of the voices on the basis of the specified beat timing and the specified rhythmic beat-number; and
a video generating section to generate and display a video based on the beat cycle, and the rhythmic beat-number of the voices, and the measure start timing.

US Pat. No. 10,395,668

SYSTEM AND A METHOD FOR DETERMINING AN INTERFERENCE OR DISTRACTION

1. A method of determining an interference value, the method comprising:providing a sound signal;
providing an interferer signal;
establishing a pair of a first portion of the sound signal and a second portion of the interferer signal, the first and second portions having a particular time duration;
determining a single value of a first sound energy of the first portion;
determining a single value of a second sound energy of the second portion;
determining a single value of a third sound energy of a combination of the first and second portions; and
determining the interference value based on one single value of the single values of the first, second and third sound energies,
wherein the establishing, the determining the first sound energy, the determining the second sound energy, the determining the third sound energy, and the determining the interference value are performed within a period of time that is less than the particular time duration.

US Pat. No. 10,395,667

CORRELATION-BASED NEAR-FIELD DETECTOR

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. A method for detecting near-field sources in an audio device, comprising:computing a normalized cross correlation function between a first microphone signal and a second microphone signal;
computing normalized auto correlation functions of each of the first microphone signal and the second microphone signal;
partitioning the normalized cross correlation function and the normalized auto correlation functions into a plurality of time lag regions;
computing for each respective time lag region of the plurality of time lag regions a respective maximum deviation between the normalized cross correlation function and a normalized auto correlation function within the respective time lag region;
combining the respective maximum deviations from the plurality of time lag regions to derive multiple detection statistics; and
comparing each detection statistic of the multiple detection statistics to a respective threshold to detect a near-field signal.

US Pat. No. 10,395,666

COORDINATING AND MIXING VOCALS CAPTURED FROM GEOGRAPHICALLY DISTRIBUTED PERFORMERS

Smule, Inc., San Francis...

1. A system comprising:plural geographically-distributed portable computing devices, each having a respective display, microphone interface, and communications interface;
a first one of the plural geographically-distributed portable computing devices configured to receive via its respective communications interface, a first vocal score temporally synchronizable with a backing track and with lyrics, and further configured to, responsive to a selection by a first user thereof, audibly render the backing track and concurrently present corresponding portions of the lyrics on its respective display in temporal correspondence the audible rendering;
audio processing code executable on the first portable computing device to capture and perform a first pitch correction to a vocal performance of the first user in accord with the first vocal score to constitute a first-part vocal performance;
a second one of the plural geographically-distributed portable computing devices configured to receive via its respective communications interface (i) a second backing track including the first-part vocal performance of the first user vocalist captured at the first portable computing device and (ii) a second vocal score temporally synchronizable with the second backing track and with the lyrics, and further configured to, responsive to a selection by a second user thereof, audibly render the second backing track and concurrently present corresponding portions of the lyrics on its respective display in temporal correspondence the audible rendering; and
audio processing code executable on the second portable computing device to capture and perform a second pitch correction to a vocal performance of the second user in accord with the second vocal score to constitute a second-part vocal performance,
wherein the second pitch correction includes pitch shifting the vocal performance of the second user to one of a vocal melody position and a harmony position determined based on a prominence of the second-part vocal performance in a coordinated vocal duet based on the first-part and second-part vocal performances.

US Pat. No. 10,395,665

APPARATUS AND METHOD DETERMINING WEIGHTING FUNCTION FOR LINEAR PREDICTION CODING COEFFICIENTS QUANTIZATION

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of quantizing a signal, implemented by at least one processor, the method comprising:obtaining a linear predictive coding (LPC) coefficient of a subframe from a current frame of the signal;
obtaining a line spectral frequency (LSF) coefficient of the subframe from the LPC coefficient of the subframe;
normalizing the LSF coefficient based on a number of spectral bins in the subframe;
determining a weighting function of the subframe by combining a first weighting function based on a magnitude of a spectral bin corresponding to the normalized LSF coefficient and a second weighting function based on frequency information for the normalized LSF coefficient and
quantizing the LSF coefficient based on the determined weighting function,
wherein the signal has one or a combination of a speech signal and a music signal, and
wherein the frequency information is determined based on at least one of a bandwidth and a coding mode of the signal.

US Pat. No. 10,395,664

ADAPTIVE QUANTIZATION

Dolby Laboratories Licens...

1. A method of processing audio data, the method comprising:receiving audio data comprising a plurality of audio objects, the audio objects including audio signals and associated audio object metadata;
determining an importance metric for each of the audio objects, the importance metric being based, at least in part, on an energy metric;
determining a global importance metric for all of the audio objects, the global importance metric being based, at least in part, on a total energy value calculated by summing the energy metric of each of the audio objects;
determining an estimated quantization bit depth and a quantization error for each of the audio objects;
calculating a total noise metric for all of the audio objects, the total noise metric being based, at least in part, on a total quantization error corresponding with the estimated quantization bit depth;
calculating a total signal-to-noise ratio corresponding with the total noise metric and the total energy value; and
determining a final quantization bit depth for each of the audio objects by determining whether the total signal-to-noise ratio is less than or equal to a signal-to-noise ratio threshold; and
if it is determined that the total signal-to-noise ratio exceeds the signal-to-noise ratio threshold, performing the following steps iteratively until it is determined that the total signal-to-noise ratio is less than or equal to the signal-to-noise ratio threshold:
identifying an audio object corresponding with a greatest quantization error;
increasing a bit depth for quantizing the audio object corresponding with the greatest quantization error;
recalculating the total noise metric; and
recalculating the total signal-to-noise ratio,
the method further comprising quantizing the audio signals corresponding to each of the audio objects according to the final quantization bit depths.

US Pat. No. 10,395,663

SIGNAL ENCODING METHOD AND APPARATUS, AND SIGNAL DECODING METHOD AND APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A spectrum encoding method for an input signal including at least one of a speech signal and an audio signal in an encoding device comprising:selecting an encoding method of a band of the input signal based on bit allocation information of the band;
if the selected encoding method of the band is a zero-encoding method, encoding spectral components in the band to zero;
if the selected encoding method is not a zero-encoding method, encoding a magnitude of the spectral components in the band by using one of uniform scalar quantization (USQ) and trellis coded quantization (TCQ) based on an average number of bits allocated to the spectral components of the band; and
transmitting a bitstream including a result of the encoding, for reconstruction of the input signal.

US Pat. No. 10,395,662

INTER-CHANNEL ENCODING AND DECODING OF MULTIPLE HIGH-BAND AUDIO SIGNALS

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. A device comprising:an encoder configured to:
generate a first high-band portion of a mid signal based on a left signal and a right signal;
generate a first synthesized signal based at least in part on a first gain and linear predictive coefficient (LPC) parameters;
generate a second synthesized signal based at least in part on a second gain and the LPC parameters;
generate a set of first gain parameters based on a comparison of the first synthesized signal and the first high-band portion of the mid signal; and
generate a set of adjustment gain parameters based at least in part on the second synthesized signal and a high-band non-reference signal, the high-band non-reference signal corresponding to one of a left high-band portion of the left signal or a right high-band portion of the right signal; and
a transmitter configured to:
transmit information corresponding to the first high-band portion of the mid signal, wherein the information includes the LPC parameters, the set of first gain parameters, or a combination thereof; and
transmit the set of adjustment gain parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,395,661

AUDIO ENCODER FOR ENCODING A MULTICHANNEL SIGNAL AND AUDIO DECODER FOR DECODING AN ENCODED AUDIO SIGNAL

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. Audio encoder for encoding a multichannel signal, comprising:a linear prediction domain encoder;
a frequency domain encoder; and
a controller for switching between the linear prediction domain encoder and the frequency domain encoder,
wherein the linear prediction domain encoder comprises a downmixer for downmixing the multichannel signal to acquire a downmix signal, a linear prediction domain core encoder for encoding the downmix signal and a first joint multichannel encoder for generating first multichannel information from the multichannel signal,
wherein the frequency domain encoder comprises a second joint multichannel encoder for encoding second multichannel information from the multichannel signal, wherein the second joint multichannel encoder is different from the first joint multichannel encoder, and
wherein the controller is configured such that a portion of the multichannel signal is represented either by an encoded frame of the linear prediction domain encoder or by an encoded frame of the frequency domain encoder,
wherein the linear prediction domain encoder comprises an ACELP processor and a TCX processor, wherein the ACELP processor is configured to operate on a downsampled downmix signal and wherein a time domain bandwidth extension processor is configured to parametrically encode a band of a portion of the downmix signal removed from the ACELP input signal by a third downsampling, and wherein the TCX processor is configured to operate on the downmix signal not downsampled or downsampled by a degree smaller than the downsampling for the ACELP processor, the TCX processor comprising a first time-frequency converter, a first parameter generator for generating a parametric representation of a first set of bands and a first quantizer encoder for generating a set of quantized encoder spectral lines for a second set of bands, or
wherein the controller is configured to switch within a current frame of the multichannel signal from using the frequency domain encoder for encoding a previous frame to the linear prediction domain encoder for decoding an upcoming frame, wherein the first joint multichannel encoder is configured to calculate synthetic multichannel parameters from the multichannel signal for the current frame, and wherein the second joint multichannel encoder is configured to weight the multichannel signal using a stop window.

US Pat. No. 10,395,660

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MULTICHANNEL DIRECT-AMBIENT DECOMPOSTION FOR AUDIO SIGNAL PROCESSING

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. An apparatus for generating one or more audio output channel signals depending on two or more audio input channel signals, wherein each of the two or more audio input channel signals comprises direct signal portions and ambient signal portions, wherein the apparatus comprises:a filter determination unit configured to calculate a filter by estimating first power spectral density information and by estimating second power spectral density information, wherein the filter depends on the first power spectral density information and on the second power spectral density information, wherein the filter determination unit is configured to calculate the filter by estimating the first power spectral density information, by estimating the second power spectral density information, and by determining trade-off information depending on at least one of the two or more audio input channel signals, and
a signal processor configured to determine the one or more audio output channel signals by applying the filter on the two or more audio input channel signals, wherein the one or more audio output channel signals depend on the filter,
wherein the first power spectral density information indicates power spectral density information on the two or more audio input channel signals, and the second power spectral density information indicates power spectral density information on the ambient signal portions of the two or more audio input channel signals, or
wherein the first power spectral density information indicates the power spectral density information on the two or more audio input channel signals, and the second power spectral density information indicates power spectral density information on the direct signal portions of the two or more audio input channel signals, or
wherein the first power spectral density information indicates the power spectral density information on the direct signal portions of the two or more audio input channel signals, and the second power spectral density information indicates the power spectral density information on the ambient signal portions of the two or more audio input channel signals.

US Pat. No. 10,395,659

PROVIDING AN AUDITORY-BASED INTERFACE OF A DIGITAL ASSISTANT

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A non-transitory computer-readable storage medium storing one or more programs, the one or more programs comprising instructions, which when executed by one or more processors of an electronic device, cause the electronic device to:receive a natural-language speech input indicative of a request to a digital assistant;
obtain a representation of user intent based on the natural-language speech input;
determine one or more parameters for a task based on the representation of user intent;
obtain, by the digital assistant, context information including the determined one or more parameters;
determine, by the digital assistant, a text-to-speech mode from a plurality of text-to-speech modes based on the obtained context information; and
provide, by the digital assistant, an audio output with the determined text-to-speech mode, wherein the audio output is indicative of a speech response to the user request.

US Pat. No. 10,395,658

PRE-PROCESSING PARTIAL INPUTS FOR ACCELERATING AUTOMATIC DIALOG RESPONSE

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory and configured to:
receive a speech input from a user;
process a first portion of the input via more than one service module, including at least a speech-to-text service module, while continuing to receive more of the input to determine a first speculative result, wherein processing the first portion of the input comprises executing at least one service module coupled to a corresponding speculation buffer;
process a second portion of the input via the more than one service module, including at least the speech-to-text service module, to determine a second speculative result, wherein processing the second portion of the input comprises executing the at least one service module coupled to the corresponding speculation buffer, wherein the second portion of the input includes the first portion of the input as well as more of the input not included in the first portion of the input;
process the input via the more than one service module, including at least the speech-to-text service module, to determine a final output, wherein processing the input comprises executing the at least one service module coupled to the corresponding speculation buffer, wherein the final output is the first speculative result when the second speculative result and the first speculative result are the same, and wherein the final output is the second speculative result when the second speculative result and the first speculative result are not the same; and
output the final output to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,395,657

DISPLAY APPARATUS CAPABLE OF RELEASING A VOICE INPUT MODE BY SENSING A SPEECH FINISH AND VOICE CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An electronic apparatus comprising:a voice receiver;
a communicator configured to communicate with a server; and
a processor configured to:
based on a voice signal being received by the voice receiver within a standby time of a voice input mode of the electronic apparatus, receive data corresponding to one or more search results from the server through the communicator,
based on the data corresponding to a single search result being received from the server through the communicator, process the data corresponding to the single search result and switch the voice input mode to a normal mode of the electronic apparatus,
based on the data corresponding to a plurality of search results being received from the server through the communicator, provide a list including the plurality of search results corresponding to the voice signal and reset the standby time of the voice input mode,
based on a subsequent voice signal, for selecting at least one of the plurality of search results, being received within a reset standby time of the voice input mode, transmit a signal to the server through the communicator to request additional data corresponding to the selected search result, and
process the additional data received from the server.

US Pat. No. 10,395,656

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PROCESSING SPEECH INSTRUCTION

BAIDU ONLINE NETWORK TECH...

1. A method for processing a speech instruction, comprising:recognizing a speech instruction, so as to generate text information corresponding to the speech instruction;
performing semantic analysis on the text information, so as to obtain a semantic analysis result of the text information;
determining whether a corresponding operation is executable based on the semantic analysis result of the text information;
if it is determined that the corresponding operation is not executable based on the semantic analysis result of the text information, determining whether the text information belongs to instruction text data;
if it is determined that the text information belongs to the instruction text data, correcting the text information, so as to obtain corrected text information;
performing semantic analysis on the corrected text information, and executing the corresponding operation according to a semantic analysis result of the corrected text information;
wherein correcting the text information so as to obtain corrected text information comprises:
correcting the text information based on an instruction text correcting rule, so as to obtain the corrected text information;
wherein correcting the text information based on an instruction text correcting rule so as to obtain the corrected text information comprises:
locating an erroneous instruction keyword in the text information according to an instruction text matching rule;
rewriting the erroneous instruction keyword according to high frequency error information, so as to obtain the corrected text information.

US Pat. No. 10,395,655

PROACTIVE COMMAND FRAMEWORK

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving first data corresponding to a user command;
determining the user command corresponds to first intent data;
based at least in part on the first intent data, determining first content data responsive to the user command;
identifying first pre-stored intent pair data representing the first intent data and second intent data;
based at least in part on a system interaction history associated with a plurality of users, determining a first probability that a future user command will correspond to the second intent data;
identifying second pre-stored intent pair data representing the first intent data and third intent data;
based at least in part on the system interaction history, determining a second probability that a future user command will correspond to the third intent data;
based at least in part on the first probability and the second probability, generating second data requesting an instruction to invoke the second intent data;
sending, to a first device, the first content data for output; and
sending, to the first device, the second data for output.

US Pat. No. 10,395,654

TEXT NORMALIZATION BASED ON A DATA-DRIVEN LEARNING NETWORK

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device comprising:one or more processors;
memory; and
one or more programs stored in memory, the one or more programs including instructions for:
receiving a text corpus comprising unstructured natural language text;
generating, based on the received text corpus, a sequence of normalized text;
generating a pronunciation sequence representing the sequence of the normalized text; and
causing an audio output to be provided to the user based on the pronunciation sequence, wherein the sequence of normalized text is generated by a first data-driven learning network, wherein the pronunciation sequence is generated based on a second data-driven learning network, and wherein the first data-driven learning network is different from the second data-driven learning network.

US Pat. No. 10,395,653

VOICE DIALOG DEVICE AND VOICE DIALOG METHOD

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A voice dialog device, comprising:a sight line detection unit configured to detect a sight line of a user;
a state determination unit configured to determine a state of the user;
a voice processing unit configured to obtain voice pronounced by the user and a result of recognizing the voice;
a dialog determination unit configured to determine whether or not the voice dialog device has a dialog with the user; and
an answer generation unit configured to generate an answer, based on a result of recognizing the voice,
wherein the dialog determination unit determines whether or not the user has started the dialog, based on both the sight line of the user and the obtained voice by:
when the determined state of the user is driving a vehicle, the detected sight line of the user is in a vehicle forward direction, and a start keyword has been detected from the voice, the dialog determination unit determines that the user has started a dialog,
when the determined state of the user is driving a vehicle and either the detected sight line of the user is not in the vehicle forward direction or the start keyword has not been detected from the voice, the dialog determination unit determines that the user has not started a dialog,
when the determined state of the user is not driving a vehicle, the detected sight line of the user is in a direction toward the voice dialogue device, and a start keyword has been detected from the voice, the dialog determination unit determines that the user has started a dialog, and
when the determined state of the user is not driving a vehicle and either the detected sight line of the user is not in the direction toward the voice dialogue device or the start keyword has not been detected from the voice, the dialog determination unit determines that the user has not started a dialog.

US Pat. No. 10,395,652

PERSONAL INFORMATION ASSISTANT COMPUTING SYSTEM

Allstate Insurance Compan...

1. A personal information assistant computing system comprising:a computing device associated with a user comprising:
a processor; and
a non-transitory memory device storing instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause to computing device to:
determine user-specific information of the user during an initial sign-up by the user to participate in a personal information assistant program;
receive, via a user accessible input, an action request in a natural language communication from the user;
identify a first personal information assistant template based on the user-specific information and a type of action requested in the natural language communication;
generate a first personal information assistant using a first personal information assistant template, wherein the memory device stores a plurality of personal information assistant templates corresponding to different types of functionalities and different user-specific information;
analyze, by the first personal information assistant, the action request to determine a task to be performed by the first personal information assistant in response to the action request, wherein the first personal information assistant analyzes the action request based on user information stored in an encrypted data store associated with the user;
transmit, by the first personal information assistant, at least one message to a remote computing system in performance of the task, wherein the first personal information assistant interacts as a proxy for the user in response to at least one response received from the remote computing system;
communicate, via an output device, a result of the task to the user, wherein the output device comprises at least one of a display device or an audio device;
identify user preferences by analyzing at least one of the at least one message and the result of the task; and
adapt the first personal information assistant template based on the identified user preferences, including modifying the first personal information assistant template to change a functionality of a second personal information assistant generated using the first personal information assistant template.

US Pat. No. 10,395,651

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ACTIVATING WITH VOICE INPUT

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:a mobile terminal device;
a microphone, disposed in the mobile terminal device, configured to receive input voice instructions;
first circuitry, disposed in the mobile terminal device, configured to determine a first input voice instruction as an activation keyword spoken by a registered user and to output an activation signal when the first input voice instruction is determined as the activation keyword and as having been spoken by the registered user, the first circuitry not outputting the activation signal when the first input voice instruction is determined as the activation keyword and as having been spoken by an un-registered user, the first circuitry being configured to operate in an active state; and
second circuitry, disposed in the mobile terminal device, configured to be in a sleep state while the first circuitry is in the active state until the second circuitry receives the activation signal, to enter the active state in response to the activation signal triggered by the spoken activation keyword of the registered user, and to execute an application based on a second input voice instruction that is received by the microphone subsequent to the first voice input instruction after entering the active state, the second input voice instruction being spoken by the un-registered user, wherein the un-registered user is a different person than the registered user.

US Pat. No. 10,395,650

RECORDED MEDIA HOTWORD TRIGGER SUPPRESSION

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, by a microphone of a computing device that includes (i) the microphone, (ii) a hotword identifier, (iii) an audio watermark identifier, and (iv) an automated speech recognizer, audio corresponding to playback of an item of media content, wherein the automated speech recognizer of the computing device is configured to perform speech recognition on received audio that follows a predefined hotword;
determining, by the hotword identifier of the computing device, that the audio includes an utterance of the predefined hotword;
determining, by the audio watermark identifier of the computing device, that the audio includes an audio watermark;
analyzing, by the audio watermark identifier of the computing device, the audio watermark; and
based on analyzing the audio watermark, bypassing, by the automated speech recognizer of the computing device, performing speech recognition on a portion of the audio following the predefined hotword.

US Pat. No. 10,395,649

PRONUNCIATION ANALYSIS AND CORRECTION FEEDBACK

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:receiving voice input;
parsing the voice input for determining words in the voice input;
recognizing at least some of the words;
identifying an accent of a speaker of the voice input;
evaluating a word accent of at least some of the recognized words based on the identified accent of the speaker and analysis of the recognized words;
generating an evaluated accent score for each of the at least some of the recognized words based on the evaluated word accent;
identifying at least one of the recognized words as an accent word based on the evaluated accent score thereof;
registering the identified accent word into a personal accent word list of the speaker; and
outputting a recommended correct pronunciation of the accent word or words.

US Pat. No. 10,395,648

ANALYSIS OF A TOPIC IN A COMMUNICATION RELATIVE TO A CHARACTERISTIC OF THE COMMUNICATION

Capital One Services, LLC...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, by a device, a user input from a user,
wherein the user input is received via a communication between a user device and a service representative device, and
wherein the service representative device is associated with an entity;
identifying, by the device and using a machine learning model, a communication processing protocol of a plurality of communication processing protocols based on one or more of the user input, the user device, the service representative device, the communication, the entity, or historical communication information;
assigning, by the device, the communication to the service representative device based on the communication processing protocol;
analyzing, by the device, the user input,
wherein the user input is analyzed to identify a topic associated with the communication and associated with a service provided by the entity;
determining, by the device and based on the topic, a first score associated with the topic,
wherein the first score indicates a gain value associated with the service;
causing, by the device and based on the communication, a sentiment analysis model to analyze a sentiment of the user in relation to the topic,
wherein the sentiment is associated with a user satisfaction level associated with the topic,
wherein the sentiment analysis model determines one or more second scores based on the communication and based on the user satisfaction level associated with the topic, and
wherein the one or more second scores indicate a cost value associated with the entity and associated with enabling the communication;
comparing, by the device, the first score and the one or more second scores to generate model feedback; and
updating, by the device and based on the generated model feedback, the machine learning model to update one or more of:
the communication processing protocol, of the plurality of communication processing protocols, to send a notification to alert the entity that the cost value exceeds the gain value, or
a transaction protocol, of a plurality of transaction protocols implemented by the entity, to suspend a transaction associated with the topic.

US Pat. No. 10,395,647

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING

Harman International Indu...

5. A non-transitory computer readable storage medium comprising a program, which, when executed by one or more processors, performs an operation comprising:processing an input sentence received by an input device using a plurality of speech recognition engines;
recording all of the results from the plurality of speech recognition engines to develop a corpora;
producing a set of results that includes all results for each speech recognition engine in the plurality of speech recognition engines;
applying a data fusion model to the set of results to identify a correct result from the set of results;
applying the data fusion model to all of the results to determine a correct results from all of the results;
processing the identified correct result in the semantic understanding model, the identified correct result being identified as a result in the set of speech recognition results that has the highest probability of being a correct result;
processing the determined correct result in the semantic understanding model, the determined correct result being determined from a result in the set of speech recognition results that has a low probability of being a correct result, determining manually that the input sentence is a normal expression, and adding the input sentence to the developed corpora; and
updating the data fusion model using the processed correct results.

US Pat. No. 10,395,646

TWO-STAGE TRAINING OF A SPOKEN DIALOGUE SYSTEM

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system, comprising:a spoken dialogue system, comprising:
a policy network for producing a probability distribution over all possible actions performable in response to a given state of a dialogue; and
a value network operably connected to the policy network for estimating the given state of the dialogue and providing an advantage signal to the policy network that indicates a success level of the policy network;
a storage device operably connected to the policy network and storing one or more fixed dialogues used to train the policy network in a first stage of training; and
a user simulator operably connected to the policy network and to the value network and used to simulate one or more user dialogues to train the policy network in a second stage of training.

US Pat. No. 10,395,645

METHOD, APPARATUS, AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM FOR IMPROVING AT LEAST ONE SEMANTIC UNIT SET

NAVER Corporation, Seong...

1. A computer-implemented method for correcting errors in a captured semantic unit set including a plurality of semantic unit sets input by a user and displayed on a display, the method comprising:receiving an analog voice signal of an improvement phonetic sound according to utterance of a user through a voice sensing unit to correct an incorrect semantic unit set within the captured semantic unit set displayed on the display;
converting, by a processor, the analog voice signal of the improvement phonetic sound to a digital signal of an improvement semantic unit set by performing at least one of a sampling process, a quantization process, and an encoding process;
specifying, by the processor, the incorrect semantic unit set to be corrected within the captured semantic unit set displayed on the display, on a basis of correlation thereof with the improvement semantic unit set converted from the analog voice signal uttered by the user; and
replacing, by the processor, the incorrect semantic unit set within the captured semantic unit set displayed on the display with the improvement semantic unit set converted from the analog voice signal uttered by the user;
wherein the incorrect semantic unit set in the captured semantic unit set displayed on the display is specified, by the processor, by measuring a length of text or a time duration of a digital phonetic signal corresponding to the improvement semantic unit set, dividing the captured semantic unit set into a plurality of portions on a basis of the length of the text or the time duration of the digital phonetic signal corresponding to the improvement semantic unit set, and comparing each of the plurality of portions of the divided captured semantic unit set with the improvement semantic unit set.

US Pat. No. 10,395,644

SPEECH RECOGNITION METHOD, SPEECH RECOGNITION APPARATUS, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM STORING A PROGRAM

PANASONIC CORPORATION, O...

1. A speech recognition method that recognizes speech from sound information acquired by a plurality of microphones, comprising:(a1) acquiring sound information via the plurality of microphones;
(a2) detecting a sound source interval including sound from the acquired sound information;
(a3) estimating a direction of a speaker who uttered a speech based on information including the speech in a speech interval from among the detected sound source interval, wherein the speech is included in the sound information, and acquiring information indicating the estimated direction of the speaker;
(a4) conducting an adaptation process that uses the acquired sound information to estimate filter coefficients for extracting speech information in the estimated direction of the speaker;
(a5) deciding a buffer size of the sound information to hold in a buffer, based on information about the sound source interval, the information indicating the estimated direction of the speaker, and information about a convergence state of the adaptation process;
(a6) holding the acquired sound information in the buffer according to the decided buffer size;
(a7) conducting a beamforming process using the sound information held in the buffer and the filter coefficients estimated by the adaptation process, and acquiring speech information; and
(a8) conducting speech recognition on the speech information acquired by the beamforming process,
wherein in the deciding (a5), immediately after processing of the acquired sound information starts, a buffer size of a size sufficient for the convergence of the adaptation process is decided as the buffer size to hold in the buffer, and
wherein in the deciding (a5), the buffer size is reverted to an initial value if the information indicating the estimated direction of the speaker has changed from previously acquired information indicating the previously estimated direction of the speaker.

US Pat. No. 10,395,643

LANGUAGE-INDEPENDENT, NON-SEMANTIC SPEECH ANALYTICS

ZOOM International a.s., ...

1. A system for language-independent, non-semantic speech analytics, comprising:a media server comprising a memory and a processor and a plurality of programming instructions stored in the memory and operating on the processor, the programming instructions, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
receive at least audio data via a network from a plurality of network-connected devices; and
provide at least a portion of the received audio data to an analytics server;
an analytics server comprising a memory and a processor and a plurality of programming instructions stored in the memory and operating on the processor, the programming instructions, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
receive audio data from the media server;
analyze the received audio data to determine an audio waveform; and
perform a plurality of processing operations on at least a portion of the audio waveform, the processing operations comprising at least a language-independent speaker identification operation using a plurality of non-semantic speech analysis techniques including identification of a pace of speech and identification of units of speech, wherein the plurality of units of speech are identified independently of any knowledge of any languages used in the speech; and
a management server comprising a memory and a processor and a plurality of programming instructions stored in the memory and operating on the processor, the programming instructions, when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
provide a graphical interface configured to receive a user interaction; and
direct the operation of the analytics server based at least in part on at least a portion of the received user interaction.

US Pat. No. 10,395,642

CAPTION DATA FISHING

COX COMMUNICATIONS, INC.,...

1. A method for extracting keywords from caption data, the method comprising:providing media content from a plurality of content providers to a user of an endpoint device;
receiving media content metadata including caption data, associated with the media content, at a caption mining engine;
mining the caption data associated with a portion of a program of the media content being displayed to determine a topic and identify keywords;
synchronizing the topic and keyword data to one or more third party applications;
while displaying the program on the endpoint device, providing and displaying on the same endpoint device the one or more third party applications;
providing via the one or more third party applications on the endpoint device additional information relevant to the program being displayed on the same endpoint device based on the topic and the keywords identified by the caption mining engine from the caption data associated with the program being displayed on the same endpoint device; and
displaying the additional information on the endpoint device, via the one or more displayed third party applications, simultaneously along with the program on the endpoint device such that the additional information and the program may be watched at the same time on the same endpoint device;
wherein the caption data includes time code data that indicates a time and duration of spoken elements, and the additional information is provided to the user of the endpoint device by the one or more third party applications using the time code data based on a timing of the keywords being provided during playback of the media content.

US Pat. No. 10,395,641

MODIFYING A LANGUAGE CONVERSATION MODEL

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented method of modifying a language conversation model of a language learning system, the method comprising:receiving, using a conversational sub-system, voice inputs;
converting, using the conversational sub-system, the voice inputs to voice input data;
processing, using the conversational sub-system, the voice input data;
detecting, using the conversational sub-system, an error in processing the voice input data, the error comprises a natural language response that is unable to be converted using the language conversation model, and in response to the error:
analyzing chat data to learn an infeasible conversation function,
generating updates with respect to the infeasible conversation function that modify language conversation model to avoid the error, and
prompting a subject matter expert to relieve control from the conversational sub-system and continue with a human-human conversation upon detecting the error;
based at least in part on the error, storing, using a memory, additional data comprising additional voice input data;
applying machine learning to the additional data to derive a function that is not enabled within the language conversation model;
developing an update that enables the language conversation model to implement the function including assigning to the update a quality score that indicates a quality of the update; and
applying the update to the language conversation model; and
diverting control from the language learning system to the subject matter expert upon receiving a direct override input from the subject matter expert.

US Pat. No. 10,395,640

SYSTEMS AND METHODS EVALUATING USER AUDIO PROFILES FOR CONTINUOUS SPEECH RECOGNITION

nVoq Incorporated, Bould...

1. A method, performed by at least one processor, of evaluating and increasing performance of a user audio profile for speech recognition, the method comprising:(a) providing a speech recognition engine with a user audio profile to be evaluated;
(b) inputting audio of a matched audio and text pair into the speech recognition engine provided with the user audio profile, wherein the matched audio and text pair comprises the audio and a known text, and wherein the known text is provided to a user and the audio corresponds to the known text being spoken by the user;
(c) thereafter generating from the audio of the matched audio and text pair, using the speech recognition engine, an audio phoneme sequence, wherein the audio phoneme sequence comprises a first sequence of phonemes corresponding to the audio of the known text being spoken by the user;
(d) translating, the known text of the matched audio and text pair into at least one text phoneme sequence, wherein the known text has at least one pronunciation associated therewith, and wherein the at least one text phoneme sequence comprises at least one second sequence of phonemes representing the at least one pronunciation of the known text;
(e) comparing the audio phoneme sequence to the at least one text phoneme sequence to generate a phoneme error rate using a minimum edit distance between the audio phoneme sequence and the at least one text phoneme sequence;
(f) evaluating the user audio profile by using the comparison of the audio phoneme sequence to the at least one text phoneme sequence, wherein said evaluating comprises determining whether each individual phoneme of the audio phoneme sequence matches each individual phoneme of the text phoneme sequence; and
(g) remediating the user audio profile, wherein remediating the user audio profile comprises training the user audio profile, generating a new user audio profile, or a combination thereof, based at least in part on a result of the evaluating of the user audio profile; and
repeating at least steps c, e, f and g using the remediated user audio profile until the phoneme error rate is reduced, wherein the remediated user audio profile is used by the speech recognition engine to process audio from the user.

US Pat. No. 10,395,639

METHOD AND USER DEVICE FOR PROVIDING CONTEXT AWARENESS SERVICE USING SPEECH RECOGNITION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method comprising:receiving an external audio signal through a microphone of a user device while the user device is playing media content, wherein the external audio signal does not come from the device itself;
determining whether the external audio signal corresponds to one of one or more pre-defined audio commands, wherein the one or more pre-defined audio commands is pre-defined by a user;
in response to determining that the external audio signal corresponds to one of the one or more pre-defined audio commands, identifying a visual indicator from one or more pre-defined visual indicators assigned with the pre-defined audio commands, wherein the one or more pre-defined visual indicators is pre-defined by a user; and
executing a particular action,
wherein the executing of the particular action comprises:
pausing the playing of the media content, and
displaying the identified visual indicator on a display of the user device.

US Pat. No. 10,395,638

NATURAL LANGUAGE PROCESSING TO MERGE RELATED ALERT MESSAGES FOR ACCESSIBILITY

International Business Ma...

1. Apparatus, comprising:a processor;
computer memory holding computer program instructions executed by the processor for searching for merging incoming alerts for accessibility, the computer program instructions comprising:
program code, operative to receiving two input alerts intended for presentation by a screen reader;
program code, operative to determining whether the two input alerts arrived within a specified time interval;
program code responsive to determining that the two input alerts arrived within the specified time interval, operative to determining whether the two input alerts are similar;
program code responsive to determining that the two input alerts are not similar, operative to combining the two input alerts in a concatenation operation to produce an output alert, wherein the output alert is a concatenated alert; and
program code, operative to sending the output alert to the screen reader for presentation.

US Pat. No. 10,395,637

DEVICE FOR REDUCING NOISE, FLIGHT VEHICLE, AND PROGRAM

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A rotating blade noise reduction device for reducing noise from a flight vehicle including a plurality of rotating blades, the device comprising:a plurality of loudspeakers arranged coaxially in a circumferential form for each of the rotating blades;
one or more reference microphones configured to acquire noise generated from the rotating blades and a plurality of control sounds generated from the loudspeakers;
an angular frequency estimator configured to estimate angular frequencies of the rotating blades; and
an active noise reduction processor configured to generate a plurality of control signals so as to reduce sound pressures at the reference microphones, configured to delay the control signals by time delays dependent on installation angles, the angular frequencies estimated, and a number of the loudspeakers, and configured to input the control signals to the loudspeakers, the time delays corresponding to the loudspeakers, the installation angles being between the loudspeakers arranged coaxially in a circumferential form from a circle center.

US Pat. No. 10,395,636

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device which is installed in a vehicle, comprising:an audio module including a plurality of audio reception units and a plurality of audio output units; and
a processor configured to:
display a graphical user interface (GUI) including an image of the vehicle,
receive a user input touching a portion of the image of the vehicle,
detect an opened window of the vehicle among a plurality of windows of the vehicle,
identify a position of the opened window,
activating a first audio reception unit among the plurality of audio reception units based on the received user input,
activating a second audio reception unit among the plurality of audio reception units based on the identified position of the opened window,
receive sound via the first audio reception unit and the second audio reception unit activated among the plurality of audio reception units,
generate antiphase signals based on waveforms of the received sound,
determine directions in which to emit the antiphase signals, based on locations of the first audio reception unit and the second audio reception unit, and the position of the opened window, and
emit the antiphase signals via a first audio output unit corresponding to the first audio reception unit and a second output unit corresponding to the second audio reception unit,
wherein the processor is further configured to generate an antiphase signal with respect to sound received during a second period based on whether a difference between volume of a sound received during a first period and volume of the sound received during the second period is less than or equal to a preset value.

US Pat. No. 10,395,635

REDUCING RADIO FREQUENCY SUSCEPTIBILITY IN HEADSETS

BOSE CORPORATION, Framin...

14. A noise-cancelling headset, comprising:an active noise reduction sensing microphone that detects an acoustic signal, and converts the acoustic signal into a microphone signal;
an active noise reduction circuit that receives and processes the microphone signal; and
a twisted pair conductor element coupling the microphone and the active noise reduction circuit, wherein the twisted pair conductor element has a twist rate or pitch constructed for reducing or eliminating stray radio frequency (RF) fields that may otherwise be imposed on the microphone, and wherein the twisted pair conductor element self-cancels RF fields absent a ground reference.

US Pat. No. 10,395,634

SPEECH REPRODUCTION DEVICE CONFIGURED FOR MASKING REPRODUCED SPEECH IN A MASKED SPEECH ZONE

1. A speech reproduction device for reproducing speech based on a received speech signal so that the reproduced speech is intelligible in a clear speech zone and unintelligible in a masked speech zone, the speech reproduction device comprising:an audio processing module configured for receiving the speech signal;
a set of speech loudspeakers configured for reproducing the speech based on one or more speech loudspeaker signals; and
a set of masking sound loudspeakers configured for producing a masking sound based on one or more masking sound loudspeaker signals, wherein the masking sound masks the speech in the masked speech zone;
wherein the audio processing module comprises a speech loudspeaker signal producer configured for producing the one or more speech loudspeaker signals based on the speech signal;
wherein the audio processing module comprises a speech signal analysis module configured for producing one or more analysis signals based on spectral and/or temporal characteristics of the speech signal;
wherein the audio processing module comprises a masking sound generator configured for producing one or more masking sound signals based on the one or more analysis signals; and
wherein the audio processing module comprises a masking sound loudspeaker signal producer configured for producing the one or more masking sound loudspeaker signals based on the one or more masking sound signals.

US Pat. No. 10,395,632

ELECTRONIC SYSTEM COMBINABLE WITH A MUSICAL WIND INSTRUMENT IN ORDER TO PRODUCE ELECTRONIC SOUNDS AND INSTRUMENT COMPRISING SUCH A SYSTEM

1. An electronic system that can be combined with a wind musical instrument with lateral holes comprising a tubular body defining, on the inside, an air column, said system comprising at least one device for emitting elastic mechanical waves in the body of the instrument, at least one device for receiving elastic mechanical waves positioned to receive the waves emitted by said at least one emission device after their propagation in the material of the body of the instrument and designed to provide at least one reception signal characteristic of the waves received and a device for detecting and locating the disturbance induced by an action of closing at least one lateral hole of the instrument, configured to detect and identify a configuration of closing of the lateral holes of the instrument from the analysis of said at least one reception signal, said detection and location device being positioned removably inside the air column of the instrument.

US Pat. No. 10,395,631

MAGNETIC PEDALBOARD SYSTEM TO GENERATE SOUND EFFECTS FOR MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS

1. A magnetic pedalboard system configured to supply power to a plurality of effects pedals for use in conjunction with a musical instrument to generate sound effects, the magnetic pedalboard system comprising:a base member comprising a top surface and a bottom surface;
a pair of conductive strips coupled to the top surface of the base member and electrically coupled to a power supply, the first conductive strip in the pair of conductive strips being positively charged and the second conductive strip in the pair of conductive strips being negatively charged; and
at least one pedal coupled to the pair of conductive strips, the at least one pedal comprising a plurality of magnetic electrical contacts, the plurality of magnetic electrical contacts comprising a first portion of magnetic electrical contacts electrically coupled to a second portion of magnetic electrical contacts;
wherein the at least one pedal is configured to slide along any portion of the pair of conductive strips with the first portion of magnetic electrical contacts directly coupled to the first conductive strip and the second portion of magnetic electrical contacts directly coupled to the second conductive strip, thereby permitting the power supply to transmit electricity through the pair of conductive strips to the at least one pedal.

US Pat. No. 10,395,630

TOUCHLESS KNOB AND METHOD OF USE

1. An audio effects signal processing system, comprising:a) an audio effects signal processing circuit for receiving an unprocessed input signal and modifying the unprocessed input signal into a processed output signal as a function of at least one parameter of the audio effects signal processing circuit; and
b) at least one touchless sensor emitting at least one touchless sensor output signal in response to the proximity of an object to the at least one touchless sensor; and
c) a processor for controlling the at least one parameter of the audio effects signal processing circuit as a function of the at least one touchless sensor output signal and one or more control algorithms comprising one or more function transformations.

US Pat. No. 10,395,628

FLANGED TONE CHAMBER WINDOW FOR WOODWIND MOUTHPIECES

ROVNER PRODUCTS INCORPORA...

1. A woodwind mouthpiece comprising:a tone chamber in communication with a central bore running through the mouthpiece;
a window exposing the tone chamber;
a table at a first end of the window and a tip rail at a second end of the window opposite the first end;
a pair of side rails running along opposite sides of the window from the table to the tip rail, each side rail comprising a side rail top surface; and
a pair of flanges, each flange extending out from one of the side rail top surfaces in a direction opposite the window.

US Pat. No. 10,395,627

CAP-STYLE LOCKING STUD

ADVANCED PLATING, INC., ...

1. A component mounting stud assembly, comprising:a lower portion having an upper externally-threaded portion and a socket;
an upper cap portion having an internally-threaded portion configured for engagement with the upper externally-threaded portion, and a through-hole structured and arranged to provide access through the upper cap portion to the socket when the upper cap portion is attached to the lower portion.

US Pat. No. 10,395,626

APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR STRETCHING A STRING OF A MUSICAL INSTRUMENT AND CORRESPONDING METHOD THEREOF

1. A string stretching apparatus for stretching at least one string of a musical instrument along a neck thereof, the string stretching apparatus comprising:a body having at least one surface which is configured to be placed in contact with a surface of the musical instrument;
at least one raised portion configured to fit between the at least one string and the body;
at least one notch in the body configured to receive the at least one raised portion therein; and
at least one string guide configured to be placed in contact with the neck of the musical instrument and the at least one string of the musical instrument.

US Pat. No. 10,395,625

SUPPORT ASSEMBLY AND KEYBOARD APPARATUS

YAMAHA CORPORATION, Hama...

1. A support assembly comprising:a support rotatable with respect to a frame;
a repetition lever rotatable with respect to the support; and
a first extension portion disposed to the repetition lever on a jack side with respect to the center of rotation of the repetition lever, the first extension portion being in contact with a stopper from below the stopper such that the stopper regulates a range of upward rotation of the repetition lever,
wherein the stopper rotates with the support.

US Pat. No. 10,395,611

CONTENT-BASED VCOM DRIVING

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

6. An electronic device, comprising:a display, comprising:
common voltage compensation circuitry for the display, comprising:
voltage calculation circuitry configured to:
calculate a variation of a common voltage coupling the common voltage to one or more data lines of the display; and
determine an offset for common voltage to offset the calculated variation;
common voltage driving circuitry configured to drive the common voltage using the determined offset to form a compensated common voltage; and
display driving circuitry configured to write pixel content to one or more pixels using the compensated common voltage, wherein driving the common voltage using the determined offset comprises pre-compensating the common voltage before writing the pixel content to the one or more pixels using the compensated common voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,395,370

METHOD AND WEARABLE APPARATUS FOR DISEASE DIAGNOSIS

National Taiwan Universit...

1. A method for disease diagnosis, applicable to a wearable apparatus with an image capturing device and a display, the method comprising the following steps:capturing a plurality of input images in a field of view of the wearable apparatus by using the image capturing device, wherein each of the input images contains an array of pixels;
analyzing variations of the pixels between each of the input images in a space domain and in a time domain to magnify pixel variations within a specific frequency range, and adding the magnified pixel variations onto the original pixel values to generate an output image, wherein the pixel at a same location in each of the input images forms a vector in the time domain for pixel variation analysis,
wherein the step of analyzing the variations of the pixels between each of the input images in the space domain and in the time domain to magnify the pixel variations within the specific frequency range comprises:
splitting the images into a plurality of frequency bands according to a spatial frequency distribution;
filtering out or removing pixel variations of frequency bands of the plurality of frequency bands outside of the specific frequency range;
magnifying the pixel variations of the frequency bands within the specific frequency range; and
selecting a magnification factor adapted for multiplying the pixel variations so as to achieve a magnification of the pixel variations within the specific frequency range; and
overlapping the output image with a current image in the field of view of the wearable apparatus, and displaying the output image on the display for disease diagnosis.

US Pat. No. 10,395,032

DETECTION OF MALICIOUS SOFTWARE, FIRMWARE, IP CORES AND CIRCUITRY VIA UNINTENDED EMISSIONS

NOKOMIS, INC., Charleroi...

1. An apparatus comprising:a sensor comprising a hollow enclosure with an access to an interior thereof, said access configured to allow insertion of one or more electrical devices therethrough, one or more antennas, low noise amplifier(s) coupled to said one or more antennas, RF tuner(s) and analog to digital converter(s), said sensor configured, to capture unintended emitted electromagnetic energy and/or unintended conducted energy from one or more electrical devices inserted into said interior through said access and disposed, during operation of said apparatus, within said interior;
one or more processors or logic devices; and
a computational medium comprising executable instructions that, when executed by said one or more processors or logic devices, cause said one or more processors or logic devices to perform the following steps on said captured unintended emitted electromagnetic energy and/or said unintended conducted energy:
measuring a feature value in at least one spectral frequency region of said captured unintended emitted electromagnetic energy and/or unintended conducted energy from said one or more electrical devices,
calculating a difference value between said measured feature value and a baseline feature value,
verifying, based on said calculated difference value, whether at least one of sub-threshold and super-threshold values have been exceeded in one or more of amplitude, frequency, phase and time domains of signature(s) elements of said captured unintended emitted electromagnetic energy and/or unintended conducted energy, and
determining, based on said calculated difference value, a presence or an absence of at least one of malicious software, anomalous software, modified software, malicious firmware, anomalous firmware, modified firmware, malicious circuitry, anomalous circuitry and modified circuitry within the one or more electrical devices.

US Pat. No. 10,394,723

DATA ACCESSING METHOD AND PCIE STORAGE DEVICE

BEIJING LENOVO SOFTWARE L...

1. A data accessing method applied to a PCIe storage device, the method comprising:receiving a data reading/writing request sent by a host;
calculating a physical storage location of data to be accessed, based on the data reading/writing request; and
acquiring data from one of a plurality of PCIe storage devices based on the network protocol according to the physical storage location of data to be accessed and transferring the data to the host;
wherein when the physical storage location of data to be accessed is a cloud storage server,
transmitting a network storage protocol request to the one of the plurality of PCIe storage devices, wherein the plurality of PCIe storage devices communicate according to the network protocol and
transferring data returned by the cloud storage server to a dynamic random access memory (DRAM) of the host,
or when the physical storage location of data to be accessed is a local storage,
transmitting to the host a response to a PCIe-based storage protocol command;
transferring the data to be accessed in the local storage to a DRAM in the host.

US Pat. No. 10,394,710

STORAGE CLASS MEMORY (SCM) MEMORY MODE CACHE SYSTEM

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A Storage Class Memory (SCM) memory mode persistent memory cache system, comprising:a first Storage Class Memory (SCM) subsystem that provides first data communication speeds;
a persistent memory subsystem that includes at least one non-volatile memory device and that provides second data communication speeds that are greater than the first data communication speeds; and
a memory controller that is coupled to the first SCM subsystem and the persistent memory subsystem, wherein the memory controller is configured to:
write a plurality of data to the persistent memory subsystem and, in response, update a cache tracking database;
write a first subset of the plurality of data to the first SCM subsystem subsequent to the writing of the plurality of data to the persistent memory subsystem and, in response, update the cache tracking database; and
receive a shutdown signal and, in response, copy the cache tracking database to the persistent memory subsystem, wherein the persistent memory subsystem is configured to store at least some of the plurality of data and the cache tracking database in the at least one non-volatile memory device during a shutdown associated with the shutdown signal.

US Pat. No. 10,394,690

SERIALIZE VIEW MODEL FOR DEBUGGING AND APPLICATION SUPPORT

Square, Inc., San Franci...

1. A method comprising:creating, by an application executing on a first device, a first view model associated with the application, the first view model being in a first data format and including first data that, when rendered on a first display of the first device, depicts a first user interface, wherein the first data format is a tree structured data format;
presenting, by the application and on the first display of the first device, the first user interface associated with the data of the first view model;
receiving, via an input device of the first device, a first input to cause the application to perform a first action;
creating, by the application executing on the first device, a second view model associated with the application, the second view model being in the first data format and including second data that, when rendered on the first display of the first device, depicts a second user interface, wherein one of the first view model and the second view model contain a link that allows a user to navigate to the other view model;
presenting, by the application and on the first display of the first device, the second user interface associated with the second data of the second view model;
storing the first view model and the second view model in memory of the first device;
receiving, via the input device of the first device, a second input to cause the application to perform a second action;
identifying, by the application, an error experienced by the application and caused by the second input;
at least partially in response to identifying the error:
capturing, by the application, a stack trace corresponding to the error, the stack trace including a report of active stack frames during a time of the error, the active stack frames including data structures that contain subroutine state information associated with the application;
capturing, by the application, a process image of the first view model and the second view model including first data and second data that was rendered on the first display at the time of the error;
serializing, by the application, the process image of the first view model and the second view model to generate a serialized view model, the serialized view model being in a second data format that is configured to be transmitted via a network;
sending, by the application and to a service via the network, the stack trace and the serialized view model to enable the service to debug the application;
deserializing, via a second device associated with the service, the serialized view model to obtain the first view model and the second view model in the first data format; and
presenting the first user interface and the second user interface associated with the first view model and the second view model via a second display of the second device at least partially in response to deserializing the serialized view model at the second device.

US Pat. No. 10,394,675

VEHICLE CONTROL DEVICE

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A vehicle control device comprising:a plurality of processing cores that include a first processing core and a second processing core, wherein each processing core is assigned one or more in in-vehicle functions so that the first processing core is assigned a first in-vehicle function and the second processing core is assigned a second in-vehicle function; and
a storage area that is communicatively coupled to the plurality of processing cores, wherein the storage area includes a plurality of portions that are each assigned to a respective processing core;
wherein each respective processing core from the plurality of processing cores is configured to:
detect a fault by performing a hardware diagnosis by the respective processing core when the respective processing core is started, and
perform a software diagnosis on the portion of the storage area assigned to the respective processing core after the hardware diagnosis is completed; and
wherein, on a condition that the fault is detected in the first processing core, the vehicle control device is configured to:
reassign the first in-vehicle function from the first processing core to the second processing core, wherein the second processing core executes both the first in-vehicle function and the second in-vehicle function,
perform the software diagnosis on the portion of the storage area assigned to the first processing core using a third processing core, and
restart the first processing core.

US Pat. No. 10,394,642

DATA LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for managing metrics from a monitored system comprising:identifying a fault from the monitored system;
storing in a memory and identifying from the monitored system one or more metrics that are related to the fault;
identifying a lifespan condition associated with the fault;
adding or changing a lifespan for the one or more metrics based on the identified lifespan condition; and
removing the one or more metrics from the memory if their associated lifespans are over.

US Pat. No. 10,394,641

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR HANDLING MEMORY ACCESS OPERATIONS

ARM Limited, Cambridge (...

1. An apparatus comprising:processing circuitry to execute program instructions including memory access instructions; and
a memory interface to couple the processing circuitry to a memory system;
the processing circuitry being switchable between a synchronous fault handling mode and an asynchronous fault handling mode, when in the synchronous fault handling mode the processing circuitry applying a constraint on execution of the program instructions such that a fault resulting from a memory access operation processed by the memory system will be received by the memory interface before the processing circuitry has allowed program execution to proceed beyond a recovery point for the memory access instruction associated with said memory access operation, and when in the asynchronous fault handling mode the processing circuitry removing said constraint;
the processing circuitry arranged to switch between the synchronous fault handling mode and the asynchronous fault handling mode during execution of the program instructions, in dependence on a current context of the processing circuitry;
wherein the processing circuitry is arranged to switch to the synchronous fault handling mode when executing program instructions identified as being within a critical code portion, and to otherwise operate in the asynchronous fault handing mode.

US Pat. No. 10,394,608

PRIORITIZATION OF LOW ACTIVE THREAD COUNT VIRTUAL MACHINES IN VIRTUALIZED COMPUTING ENVIRONMENT

International Business Ma...

1. A method of scheduling virtual machines in a virtualized computing environment, the method comprising:determining that a first virtual machine among a plurality of virtual machines active in the virtualized computing system has a low active thread count, wherein determining that the first virtual machine among the plurality of virtual machines has a low active thread count includes determining that a workload of the first virtual machine is currently on a low number of active software threads, wherein the first virtual machine includes a multi-threading aware operating system, and wherein the low number of active software threads is insufficient for the multi-threading aware operating system to spread out onto available hardware threads of execution for the first virtual machine;
determining that a high system load exists in the virtualized computing environment; and
in response to determining that the high system load exists in the virtualized computing environment, prioritizing scheduling of the first virtual machine over at least one other virtual machine among the plurality of virtual machines active in the virtualized computing system based upon the determination that the first virtual machine has the low active thread count.

US Pat. No. 10,394,607

PRIORITIZATION OF LOW ACTIVE THREAD COUNT VIRTUAL MACHINES IN VIRTUALIZED COMPUTING ENVIRONMENT

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus, comprising:at least one processor; and
program code configured upon execution by the at least one processor to schedule virtual machines in a virtualized computing environment by:
determining that a first virtual machine among a plurality of virtual machines active in the virtualized computing system has a low active thread count, wherein determining that the first virtual machine among the plurality of virtual machines has a low active thread count includes determining that a workload of the first virtual machine is currently on a low number of active software threads, wherein the first virtual machine includes a multi-threading aware operating system, and wherein the low number of active software threads is insufficient for the multi-threading aware operating system to spread out onto available hardware threads of execution for the first virtual machine;
determining that a high system load exists in the virtualized computing environment; and
in response to determining that the high system load exists in the virtualized computing environment, prioritizing scheduling of the first virtual machine over at least one other virtual machine among the plurality of virtual machines active in the virtualized computing system based upon the determination that the first virtual machine has the low active thread count.

US Pat. No. 10,394,569

EXCEPTION HANDLING FOR APPLICATIONS WITH PREFIX INSTRUCTIONS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented method of managing exception conditions, the computer-implemented method comprising:selecting a plurality of instruction units of an instruction stream to be received in parallel by a plurality of instruction decode units of a processor, wherein the plurality of instruction units includes a prefix instruction and a prefixed instruction, the prefix instruction being an instruction to modify the prefixed instruction and to be forwarded from one decode unit of the plurality of instruction decode units to another decode unit of the plurality of instruction decode units that includes the prefixed instruction to decode the prefix instruction and the prefixed instruction together;
determining an exception condition associated with the prefixed instruction; and
performing exception handling for the prefixed instruction, wherein the performing comprises determining an address at which to restart execution of the instruction stream, wherein the determining the address comprises adjusting the address at which to restart execution based on the prefix instruction to be separately received by an instruction decode unit, wherein the prefix instruction and the prefixed instruction, which are separate instructions to be independently received by the plurality of instruction decode units in parallel, and are to be decoded by the other decode unit, and have a dependent relationship with one another in, at least, handling the exception condition, are considered in the performing exception handling.

US Pat. No. 10,394,562

MICROPROCESSOR THAT FUSES IF-THEN INSTRUCTIONS

VIA TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. A method for performing, by a microprocessor, an If-Then (IT) instruction and an associated IT block, the method comprising:extracting condition information from the IT instruction;
for each instruction of the IT block:
determining a respective condition for the IT block instruction using the condition information extracted from the IT instruction;
translating the IT block instruction into a microinstruction, wherein the microinstruction includes the respective condition; and
conditionally executing the microinstruction based on the respective condition;
wherein for a first instruction of the IT block, said translating the first IT block instruction into a microinstruction comprises fusing the IT instruction with the first IT block instruction, such that the fused instruction contains fewer microinstructions than the sum of the microinstructions of the IT instruction and the first IT block instruction, when not fused;
wherein said extracting, said determining and said translating are performed by a hardware instruction translation unit of the microprocessor;
wherein said conditionally executing the microinstructions is performed by execution units of the microprocessor;
wherein the hardware instruction translation unit and the execution units are distinct hardware elements of the microprocessor and the execution units are coupled to the hardware instruction translation unit; and
wherein the hardware translation unit performs said extracting, said fusing and for each instruction of the IT block said determining and said translating without writing intermediate results to a system memory.

US Pat. No. 10,393,810

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING THE FAULT BY CURRENT DIFFERENTIAL PROTECTION AND DEVICE THEREOF

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A method for operating a current differential relay, wherein said method comprises:measuring full component currents of two terminals of a two-terminal line system and calculating corresponding fault component current vectors;
obtaining an operate value by calculating a first difference between an absolute value of a sum of said fault component current vectors and a first preset value;
obtaining a restrain value by multiplying a second difference with a control factor, in which said control factor includes a phase angle of fault component currents, and in which said second difference is calculated between a maximum of absolute values of said fault component currents and a second preset value or between an absolute value of the difference of said fault component currents and a second preset value;
identifying a fault as an external one or internal one by comparing said operate value with said restrain value; and
tripping the current differential relay in response to identifying the fault as internal.

US Pat. No. 10,393,617

MEASUREMENT METHOD OF FORCES ON RAILS AND SYSTEM THAT EXECUTES SAID METHOD

1. A method for measuring directly lateral and vertical forces exerted by a vehicle traveling on a rail, the method comprising:measuring the vertical and lateral elongations generated on the rail by the vehicle traveling on the rail via a first and a second pair of extensometric sensors joined to the rail, wherein:
(i) the first and the second pair of extensometric sensors are present on opposite lateral surfaces of the rail and each comprises a first upper extensometric sensor and a second lower extensometric sensor positioned separately from each other on the same vertical axis;
(ii) each extensometric sensor is individually connected to a recording device comprising a separate measuring channel for each of the extensometric sensors; and
(iii) the measuring comprises measuring the vertical elongations provoked in the sensors by the vertical forces and the lateral elongations provoked in the sensors by the decentring of the vertical force and by the lateral force, thereby making it possible to calculate via an equation system the difference in moment in the section that form the upper sensors with respect to that of the section of the lower sections;
calculating lateral and vertical forces generated by the vehicle on the rail via the lateral and vertical elongations measured by the extensometric sensors using a processor that is in communication with the recording device, wherein the processor employs the following formulas as calculation of at minimum the parameters corresponding to vertical force (Q) and lateral force (Y), the calculation equations being:
?S=Kq*Q
S1?S3=K1*?S*X+K2*Y
S2?S4=K3*?S*X+K4*Y; and
displaying and/or sending the calculated lateral and vertical forces to a user.

US Pat. No. 10,393,457

AMMUNITION MAGAZINE

Magpul Industries Corp., ...

1. An ammunition magazine comprising:a casing with fore and aft sides and two longer lateral sides longer than the fore and aft sides and first or second open ends;
a first notch arranged adjacent to one of the first or second open ends and on the aft side of the casing;
a second notch arranged adjacent to another one of the first or second open ends and on the aft side of the casing; and
a protective cover with a latch configured to flexibly couple into the first notch and the second notch, though not at the same time, thereby removably securing the protective cover to either of the first or second open ends of the casing.

US Pat. No. 10,393,223

COUPLING ARRANGEMENT HAVING A VIBRATION REDUCTION DEVICE AND HAVING A COUPLER DEVICE

ZF Friedrichshafen AG, F...

1. A coupling arrangement comprising:a clutch device;
a vibration reduction device comprising:
at least one torsional vibration damper;
an input which is connected to a drive; and
an output connected to the clutch device by which a connection between the vibration reduction device and a driven end is at least substantially produced in a first operating state, and this connection is at least substantially cancelled in a second operating state, wherein the output of the vibration reduction device is centered at the driven end; and
wherein the at least the output is centered with respect to a central axis, and the centering of output is carried out at the driven end;
a housing of coupling arrangement configured as the drive for the vibration reduction device; and
a mass damper system that cooperates with the at least one torsional vibration damper and connected to the output of the vibration reduction device, wherein the at least one torsional vibration damper has at least one damping unit whose output has at least two output component parts, at least one of the at least two output component parts is centered but is received so as to be rotatably movable in circumferential direction,
wherein that at least one output component has a connection to a damper mass carrier of the mass damper system, which damper mass carrier is provided for receiving damper masses, wherein the mass damper system has a friction disk coupler carrier that receives at least one friction disk coupler of the clutch device so as to be fixed with respect to rotation relative to it.

US Pat. No. 10,392,889

DOWNHOLE CABLE GRAB ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF USE

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A cable grab assembly to retrieve a broken cable from a well comprising:a body having a longitudinally extending internal cavity disposed therein;
a piston disposed in the cavity, the piston axially moveable between a first position and a second position;
at least two grab arms hingedly attached to a bottom end of the body;
a linkage assembly to operatively couple the piston and the at least two grab arms such that movement of the piston between the first position toward the second position causes the at least two grab arms to pivot inward from an open position toward a closed position;
a shear-pin engaged with the piston and the body to restrain the piston to the first position; and
at least one spring element disposed between the piston and an end of the cavity to shift the piston from the first position toward the second position to capture the broken cable when the shear-pin is sheared;
wherein the at least one spring shifts the piston from the first position toward the second position by decompressing.

US Pat. No. 10,392,789

WATER DISCHARGE APPARATUS AND PHOTOELECTRIC SENSOR

TOTO LTD., Kitakyushu-Sh...

1. A water discharge apparatus, comprising:a water discharger having a water discharge port discharging water;
a water supply path guiding the water from a water supply source to the water discharge port;
an opening/closing valve opening and closing the water supply path;
a photoelectric sensor projecting detection light, receiving reflected light of the detection light, and outputting a received signal corresponding to a light reception amount of the reflected light; and
a controller detecting an existence or absence of an object based on the received signal, and controlling opening and closing of the opening/closing valve according to a detection result of the object,
the photoelectric sensor including
a sensor main body including a light-projecting element and a light receiving element, the light-projecting element projecting the detection light toward a front, the light receiving element receiving the reflected light traveling from the front toward a rear, and
a conductive member covering the front of the light receiving element, being formed in a sheet configuration, being light-transmissive to the detection light and the reflected light, being conductive, and being electrically connected to a reference potential of the sensor main body, the conductive member transmitting the reflected light and making the reflected light incident on the light receiving element.

US Pat. No. 10,392,187

COUPLER WITH QUICK RELEASE HANDLE AND VALVE ASSEMBLIES

OPW-ENGINEERED SYSTEMS, I...

1. A fluid coupling, comprising:a body having a fluid conduit extending therethrough, the body comprising a through-hole in a side wall thereof and one or more openings through an end wall thereof;
a poppet valve assembly disposed within the fluid conduit, the poppet valve assembly being selectively movable between an open position and a closed position;
a handle shaft assembly interconnected with the poppet valve assembly, the handle shaft assembly being actuatable to move the poppet valve assembly between the open position and the closed position, a portion of the handle shaft assembly extending through the through-hole; and
a retention member that is selectively insertable into the body through the one or more openings to hold the handle shaft assembly in the body.

US Pat. No. 10,392,186

LINERS AND LININGS FOR TANKS AND OTHER LIQUID CONTAINMENT VESSELS

1. An apparatus for lining a liquid containment vessel, the apparatus comprising at least one sheet anchored to at least one structural component by an extrusion weld and at least one mechanical fastener that is coupled to the structural component, wherein the extrusion weld comprises thermoplastic material encapsulating at least a portion of the at least one mechanical fastener, wherein the mechanical fastener comprises a bent pin, a stud weld, and/or a hollow portion in which a portion of the thermoplastic material has infused, whereby the sheet is anchored to the structural component.

US Pat. No. 10,392,185

COVER FOR STORAGE TANKS

Grice Energy, LLC, Lone ...

1. A system for covering a liquid in a storage tank and depositing said liquid in said storage tank, comprising:said storage tank having a bottom, an outer wall, and a roof that form an enclosed volume, said storage tank having an access port with a cross sectional area;
said liquid at least partially filling said enclosed volume of said storage tank, said liquid having an upper surface;
a flexible cover having at least one membrane, said flexible cover having an uncompressed cross sectional area larger than said cross sectional area of said access port and a compressed cross sectional area smaller than said cross sectional area of said access port to allow said flexible cover to pass through said access port;
an inset of said flexible cover that defines a space between said flexible cover and said storage tank; and
a conduit having an open upper end and an open lower end, wherein said conduit extends through said storage tank and said space defined by said inset of said flexible cover such that said lower end of said conduit is positioned below said upper surface of said liquid, wherein said lower end of said conduit is offset from said bottom of said storage tank by a predetermined distance, wherein said conduit is configured to deposit liquid from outside said storage tank to below said upper surface of said liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,392,184

CAPSULE AND SYSTEM USING SAME FOR PREPARING A BEVERAGE

Koninklijke Douwe Egberts...

1. A capsule for preparing a predetermined quantity of beverage suitable for consumption using an extractable product, the capsule comprising:a circumferential first wall,
a second wall closing the circumferential first wall at a first end, and
a flexible sheet-shaped perforate and/or porous third wall closing the circumferential first wall at a second, open, end opposite the second wall,
wherein the first, second and third wall enclose an inner space comprising the extractable product,
wherein the third wall forms an outermost boundary of the capsule in an axial direction thereof in use,
wherein the third wall comprises a woven or non-woven filtering material, and
wherein the capsule further comprises a lid seal at least partially removable connected to the third wall for sealing the third wall prior to use.

US Pat. No. 10,392,183

FUNNEL STORAGE SYSTEMS

1. A funnel storage system comprising:a cabinet enclosure having an upper opening;
a lid removably coupled with the cabinet enclosure, the lid forming a dust seal with the cabinet enclosure;
a planar top screened support coupled with the cabinet enclosure for receiving and supporting a plurality of funnels, wherein the top screened support further comprises one or more pre-cut openings for receiving a funnel and for maintaining the funnel in a stable vertical orientation such that fluids are drained from the funnel; and
a planar bottom screened support coupled with the cabinet enclosure for storing and organizing the plurality of funnels along a plurality of upright storage posts vertically aligned with the one or more pre-cut openings, wherein the plurality of upright storage posts receives the plurality of funnels through a plurality of funnel stems.

US Pat. No. 10,392,182

HIGH EFFICIENCY AUTOMATED PHARMACEUTICAL DISPENSER

1. A pharmaceutical dispensing system, comprising:a housing having a plurality of locations, each location configured to accept a series of linked pharmaceutical packages, wherein the plurality of locations within the housing are positioned in a grid pattern;
at least one series of two or more directly linked pharmaceutical packages positioned within the housing, each linked pharmaceutical package of the at least one series of linked pharmaceutical packages containing a pharmaceutical;
a first electronic communication interface for accepting descriptive information of the pharmaceutical and location data of the pharmaceutical within the plurality of locations and an associated memory for storing the pharmaceutical description and location data, and the location data corresponds to a position of one of the locations within the plurality of locations;
a second electronic communication interface for accepting an input for a desired identification of a pharmaceutical;
a microcontroller associated with the memory for controlling the operation of the pharmaceutical dispensing system, wherein the microcontroller retrieves from the memory the location data for the pharmaceutical description matching the desired identification;
a dispensing mechanism capable of moving to an associated location corresponding to the location data of the desired identification and extracting a specified quantity of pharmaceutical packages from the at least one series of linked pharmaceutical packages.

US Pat. No. 10,392,181

SMART CAP SYSTEM

COMPLIANCE MEDS TECHNOLOG...

1. A cap for use with a bottle containing a plurality of pills comprising:a casing having a pill dispensing opening, the casing being configured to securely attach to the bottle; and
a pill dispensing track assembly that includes an adjustable pill ramp for delivering pills to the pill dispensing opening, wherein the adjustable pill ramp is adjustable along a longitudinal direction which is a direction in which each pill travels from the bottle to the pill dispensing opening, wherein the adjustable pill ramp is configured to move between a plurality of different pill dispensing positions by moving the adjustable pill ramp along the longitudinal direction, wherein the pill dispensing position of the adjustable pill ramp dictates and defines a size of pills that can travel along the pill ramp and be dispensed through the pill dispensing opening, wherein at least a portion of the adjustable ramp comprises a sloped floor on which the pills travel in a downward direction toward the dispensing outlet and a ceiling spaced from the floor for allowing the pills to travel therebetween, wherein a distance between the floor and the ceiling is variable due to movement of the adjustable pill ramp in the longitudinal direction and the distance is set such that the pills are presorted as the pills travel along the pill ramp such that the pills only travel in series along the sloped floor to the dispensing outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,392,180

PORTABLE STORAGE CONTAINER

Otter Products, LLC, For...

1. A portable insulated storage container comprising:an outer layer;
an inner liner positioned inside the outer layer, the inner liner bounding an internal storage volume inside the portable insulated storage container;
insulation positioned between the inner liner and the outer layer for thermally insulating the internal storage volume;
a closable opening extending through the outer layer and the inner liner for accessing the internal storage volume from outside the portable insulated storage container; and
a closure mechanism having a first rigid member hingedly attached to a second rigid member, the closure mechanism configured for permitting access to the internal storage volume through the closable opening when the closure mechanism is an opened position and configured for closing the closable opening when the closure mechanism in a closed position, wherein the closure mechanism extends around a perimeter of the closable opening, wherein the first rigid member and the second rigid member each extend around respective portions of the perimeter of the closable opening, wherein the first rigid member and the second rigid member are configured to pivot in opposite directions to transition the closure mechanism from the closed position to the opened position and are in substantially a same plane when the closure mechanism is in the opened position, and wherein the closure mechanism is configured to maintain the opened position without continuous application of an external force.

US Pat. No. 10,392,178

PREPARING BEVERAGES CONTAINING CANNABINOIDS USING BEVERAGE CONTAINERS WITH POLYMER MATRICES

ZEN POTION, INC., Pleasa...

1. A beverage container for preparing a beverage containing cannabinoids, comprising:a hollow container with a first reservoir and a second reservoir distinct from the first reservoir, both the first reservoir and the second reservoir positioned within the hollow container, the first reservoir configured to store an aqueous beverage, the second reservoir sealingly storing one or more polymer matrices that include cannabinoid compounds, the second reservoir preventing an exposure of the one or more polymer matrices to the aqueous beverage prior to the second reservoir being opened, the second reservoir being configured to release the one or more polymer matrices stored in the second reservoir into the aqueous beverage subsequent to the second reservoir being opened, the hollow container defining an opening through which a liquid in the hollow container is allowed to egress from the hollow container; and
a closure sealingly and openably coupled with the opening of the hollow container, the closure operably coupled with the second reservoir such that opening of the closure initiates opening of the second reservoir, the closure sealing the opening of the hollow container and preventing egress, from the hollow container, of the aqueous beverage or the one or more polymer matrices stored in the hollow container prior to the closure being opened, the closure allowing egress of the aqueous beverage and the one or more polymer matrices subsequent to the closure being opened, wherein the hollow container is a bottle, wherein:
the closure includes a cap;
the cap includes an object at least partially located within the cap, the cap having one or more protrusions and/or indentations, adjacent to the opening of the hollow container, on an inner surface of the cap, the one or more protrusions and/or indentations defining a neck having a diameter smaller than a representative dimension of the object, the neck preventing egress, from the beverage container, of the object at least partially located within in the cap, the object being sealingly positioned in contact with the one or more protrusions and/or indentations, preventing egress, from the beverage container, of the aqueous beverage or the cannabinoid compounds stored in the beverage container prior to the closure being opened;
the beverage container includes one or more inner sidewalls of the bottle, one or more inner sidewalls of the cap, an inner bottom surface of the bottle, and a separation layer, positioned inside the beverage container and adjacent to the one or more protrusions and/or indentations, and between the object and the bottom surface;
the first reservoir is defined by the separation layer, the bottom surface, at least a portion of the one or more inner sidewalls of the bottle, and at least a portion of the one or more inner sidewalls of the cap; and
the second reservoir is defined at least by the object, at least a portion of the one or more protrusions and/or indentations, and the separation layer.

US Pat. No. 10,392,177

INSULATED SHIPPING CONTAINER AND METHOD OF MAKING

Vericool, Inc., Livermor...

1. An improved insulated and cushioning shipping container, said shipping container comprising:an exterior cardboard box defining a cavity;
an inner cardboard box within said cavity, said inner cardboard box defining a product cavity;
a compressed mass of compostable insulating material of pellet/granular form received in said cavity and around said inner cardboard box with said pellets/granules of said insulating material mutually engaging and interlocking with one another;
said compressed mass of compostable insulating material having a compression ratio of at least 1.125:1 in comparison to a free-flowing loose-filled condition of the pellet/granular insulating material and sufficient to provide said compressed insulating material with a thermal insulating value (R value) substantially equal to EPS; and
plural filamentary staples extending between and securing said exterior cardboard box and said inner cardboard box together.

US Pat. No. 10,392,176

BUFFER STRUCTURE AND PACKAGING BOX

HKC Corporation Limited, ...

1. A buffer structure, applied to a packaging box of a display panel, the packaging box comprising a box body, wherein the buffer structure comprises:a fixing frame, the fixing frame comprises at least one mounting plate and at least one supporting plate, the mounting plate connects to the box body, and the supporting plate defines an adjusting hole;
at least one adjusting component, the adjusting component comprises at least one adjusting rod, at least one first locking member, and at least one second locking member, the adjusting rod passes through the adjusting hole along the extending direction of the adjusting rod, and comprises a connecting part consistent with the extending direction, the first locking member and the second locking member connect to the connecting part at two sides of the supporting plate, and clamp the supporting plate; and
a buffer member, connected to an end face of the adjusting rod, and located at a side of the second locking member away from the supporting plate, adjusting joint positions of the first locking member and the second locking member on the connecting part to change a space between the supporting plate and the buffer member.

US Pat. No. 10,392,175

WATERPROOF CONTAINER

LF CENTENNIAL LTD., Road...

1. A container comprising:a first shell and a second shell,
a first rim extending around said first shell,
a second rim extending around said second shell, and
a latch for securing the first shell to the second shell in a mated position, wherein an enclosed storage volume is defined by said first shell and said second shell in the mated position,
wherein the first shell comprises a grip projection adapted for opening said container from a mated position, wherein said latch defines a latch recess, said latch recess receiving said grip projection when the latch secures the first shell to the second shell in the mated position,
wherein said first rim and said second rim form a seal, said seal comprising a first side comprising a continuous recess, having a pair of continuous sides and a seal ridge between, but spaced apart from, said continuous sides, and a second side comprising inner and outer continuous sealing ridges, wherein both continuous sealing ridges are between the continuous sides and on opposite sides of the seal ridge in the mated position,
wherein the latch comprises a pivot assembly and a primary assembly, wherein the pivot assembly is rotatably coupled to both said second shell and said primary assembly, and wherein said primary assembly is adapted to engage said first rim, and
wherein said first rim comprises an elongated retention ridge extending laterally along front portion of the first rim, wherein an upper portion of said primary assembly comprises a laterally-extending, clamping ridge, wherein said clamping ridge extend over said retention ridge to lock said first shell to said second shell when the latch is in a locked position.

US Pat. No. 10,392,174

BEVERAGE CONTAINER WITH INTERNALLY RETAINED DISPENSER BOTTLES

15. A dietary supplement storage and dispensing apparatus, comprising:a bladder including an integrated dispenser in fluid communication with the interior of said bladder;
one or more serving vessels; and
a container including one or more walls, a floor, and one or more flaps for sealing the container, wherein said floor and one or more walls define a hollow cavity formed inside of said container;
wherein the container includes a perforated section formed in at least one of said walls of said container;
wherein the perforated section includes a perforated middle section and a perforated upper section;
wherein said hollow cavity is configured to receive said bladder such that when said bladder is installed in said container the walls of said bladder directly abut the walls of said container, when said bladder is filled with dietary supplement fluid, wherein the one or more serving vessels is disposed in a corner of said container and abuts one side of said dietary supplement fluid-filled bladder;
wherein the perforated middle section is fully detachable from said wall in which said perforated middle section is formed so as to provide an opening for said dispenser to be pulled through said wall when a user is ready to use the dispenser for dispensing dietary supplement fluid from inside said bladder;
wherein the fully detachable perforated middle section shares a shared perforation portion with the perforated upper section and is located midway between vertical side edges of a front wall of said container;
wherein the fully detachable perforated middle section is aligned with said dispenser, and is of a size and shape appropriate to allow said dispenser to be secured;
wherein the perforated upper section includes angled portions adjacent to the shared perforated portion; and
wherein said dispenser further includes a box engagement assembly that is configured to be received by the angled portions and the opening formed when the fully detachable perforated middle section is detached.

US Pat. No. 10,392,173

SAFETY CAPSULE FOR CONTAINERS

1. A safety capsule for containers, comprising: an external cap; an internal element, located inside the external cap and configured to be associated, in a removable manner, with an opening of a container; a coupling means configured to couple the external cap or the internal element to the neck of the container; connecting means, interposed between the external cap and the internal element, wherein the external cap is configured to rotate freely relative to the internal element with respect to a rotation of the external cap between a closed position and an intermediate position, and the external cap is configured to be jointly constrained to the internal element with respect to the rotation of the external cap between the intermediate position and an opening position;a signalling means, structured to take on a given configuration in the intermediate position; wherein the external cap has at least a top part that is transparent and/or the conformation of which consists of a polarized or non-polarized lens or set of lenses.

US Pat. No. 10,392,172

SECURITY CLOSURE

Obrist Closures Switzerla...

1. A security closure for a container neck, the security closure comprising a body formed from a plastics material, anda metal retention member formed integrally and irremovably with the body, the metal retention member arranged in use to irremovably remain on a container neck for retaining the body on the container neck to prevent removal of the body from the container neck.

US Pat. No. 10,392,171

CAP AND A METHOD FOR MAKING A SOFT DRINK

EASYSODA FINLAND OY, Esp...

1. A cap for making a beverage in a threaded bottle, the cap comprising an inner cap (1), an outer cap (2) and a flavor container (4), the inner cap (1) having external threads (5), and internal threads (6) that match the threads of the mouth of the bottle and the outer cap (2) having internal threads (7) that match the external threads (5) of the inner cap (1), the cap comprising a first releaser (8) for opening the flavor container (4) into the bottle when the cap is being screwed onto the mouth of the bottle, whereinthe cap comprises a carbon dioxide container (3) and a second releaser (9) for opening the carbon dioxide container (3) into the bottle when the outer cap (2) and the inner cap (1) are being screwed relative to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,392,170

CONTAINER CAP

TOKIWA CORPORATION, Gifu...

1. A container cap fitted to a container having contents, the container cap comprising:an outer cap; and
an inner cap housed within the outer cap, configured to close the container by covering a part of the container,
the inner cap including
a small-diameter portion at a front end side of the inner cap, a medium-diameter portion having a tapered shape of increasing diameter toward a rear end side of the inner cap and continuous with and distal of the small-diameter portion, and a large-diameter portion continuous with and distal of the medium-diameter portion at the rear end side of the inner cap,
a liquid trapping portion including a plurality of concave portions alternating with a plurality of convex portions, disposed on and extending along a long axis of an inner surface of the medium-diameter portion of the inner cap, the inner surface being a surface on a side covering the container,
the plurality of concave portions tapered to have a width that gradually decreases from the rear end side of the inner cap to the front end side of the inner cap,
each of the concave portions of the liquid trapping portion including a closed bottom portion recessed radially outward from the inner surface of the inner cap toward the outer surface of the inner cap,
an annular stepped portion of increased diameter provided around an inner circumference of the large-diameter portion, and
a heat radiating portion including a plurality of convex portions disposed on an external surface of the inner cap,
the concave portions on the inner surface of the inner cap having the closed bottom forming an enclosed space between the liquid trapping portion and the container when the inner cap is fitted to the container.

US Pat. No. 10,392,169

LUNCH BOX

1. A lunch box comprising:a base having an edge, the edge of the base having a base edge engagement portion; and
a lid having a top and an edge, the top of the lid having an upward annular groove such that an inner width of the upward annular groove increases from bottom to top, the edge of the lid having a lid edge engagement portion, the base edge engagement portion being embedded in the lid edge engagement portion, the lid edge engagement portion including:
an upward extension part extending upward and outward from the edge of the lid;
a horizontal extension part, one end of the horizontal extension part connecting with a top of the upward extension part; and
a downward extension part, another end of the horizontal extension part extending horizontally outward and connecting with a top of the downward extension part, and a bottom edge of the downward extension part having a folded edge that horizontally extends outwards;
wherein the upward extension part, the horizontal extension part, and the downward extension part have equal thickness; and the upward extension part, the horizontal extension part, and the downward extension part form a downward notch such that an inner width of the downward notch increases from top to bottom;
wherein the lid is disposed on the base and snap-fitted therewith such that a storage cavity is defined between the base and the lid, at least one movable sheet is provided on the lid by cutting the lid, and a pit is defined by the lid and an outer edge of the movable sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,392,168

CONTAINER POURING SPOUT SEALING STRUCTURE

KOSE Corporation, Chuo-k...

1. A pouring spout sealing structure of an inside plug to be attached to a neck part of a container, the sealing structure comprising:a sealing member including a bottom part that seals an opening of a pouring spout of the inside plug, a peripheral wall that rises from a peripheral edge of the bottom part, and a knob part that extends from the peripheral wall,
wherein the sealing member is connected to an upper end of the opening of the pouring spout at the peripheral edge of the bottom part,
a connected portion constituting a thin pan breakable by a certain pulling force,
the sealing member is welded to the inside plug through a planar part molded integrally via the thin part, and
the peripheral wall is inclined upwardly and outwardly from the opening of the pouring spout and is inclined at an angle ? from 20 degrees to 80 degrees with respect to the planar part.

US Pat. No. 10,392,167

VENTABLE CLOSURE WITH PORT

Nalge Nunc International ...

1. A closure for a labware device defining an interior chamber and having at least one opening in fluid communication with the interior chamber, the closure comprising:a closure body configured to be mounted to the labware device and in fluid communication with the at least one opening, the closure body having a venting region, an outer sidewall and an inner sidewall operably coupled to the outer sidewall by the venting region;
a vent valve mounted within the closure body for upward and downward movement relative to the closure body and defining a space between the closure body and the vent valve, the space defining a path between the closure body and the vent valve for gas exchange between the interior chamber and the exterior of the labware device through the venting region of the closure body, wherein the venting region comprises a plurality of openings in communication with the space and the vent valve includes at least one boss thereon, and the venting region having a shape defining a plurality of positions, each of the plurality of positions being shaped to engage the least one boss of the vent valve; and
a filter positioned within the space and configured to filter contaminants from a gas entering the interior chamber via the path.

US Pat. No. 10,392,166

SQUIRT DISPENSING CLOSURE FOR LIQUID DRINK CONCENTRATE

Silgan Dispensing Systems...

1. A dispensing closure comprising:a closure body;
a cap;
a hinge structure connecting said cap to said closure body, said cap being hingedly movable between a closed position and an open position; and
a flow baffle,
said closure body including
a closure deck,
a tubular dispensing spout having an upper portion extending upwardly from said closure deck and further having a lower portion extending downwardly from said closure deck, said tubular dispensing spout providing a flow conduit from an interior of said closure body to an exterior thereof,
an inner skirt wall extending downwardly from said closure deck encircling said lower portion of said dispensing spout, said inner skirt wall including container mounting formations,
an outer skirt wall extending downwardly from said closure deck, and
an annular shoulder extending downwardly from said closure deck within said inner skirt wall and encircling said lower portion of said dispensing spout,
said flow baffle including
a bottom wall,
a side wall extending upwardly from said bottom wall wherein a peripheral upper edge of said side wall is received in snap fitting engagement with said annular shoulder of said closure body,
a fluid well formed in said bottom wall,
a fluid opening formed on a peripheral edge of said bottom wall,
an arcuate baffling wall extending upwardly from said bottom wall in closely spaced facing relation with said side wall and adjacent said fluid opening and forming a restricted flow gap extending from said fluid opening into an interior of said flow baffle,
a baffling post extending upwardly from within said fluid well, said baffling post having an outer diameter which is less than an interior diameter of said flow conduit of said lower portion of said dispensing spout, said baffling post being received within said flow conduit to form a restricted annular flow passage therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,392,165

METHOD FOR SEALING MATERIALS

IdeaStream Consumer Produ...

1. A method of sealing materials in a storage container comprising:providing said storage container, said storage container including:
a container body, said container body including one or more sidewalls forming an interior and exterior sidewall surface and a body cavity between a base of the container body and the one or more sidewalls, and
a container lid, said container lid including an outer rim portion, a center window portion and a sealing member disposed between the outer rim portion and the center window portion, said outer rim portion, said center window portion and said sealing member being separately formed components that have been interconnected together, said outer rim portion including a lid hinge and a front latch, said lid hinge is connected to said container body, said lid hinge permitting movement of the container lid relative to the container body between an open and a closed position, said front latch configured to move between an unlatched and latched position, said position of said front latch enabling said front latch to engage said container body and to secure said container lid in a closed and locked position;
placing said materials in said body cavity of said container body;
moving said container lid from said open position to said closed position such that said container lid at least partially overlies an opening of said body cavity; and,
moving said front latch from said unlatched position to said latched position to cause said container lid to be in said closed and locked position.

US Pat. No. 10,392,164

TUBE SQUEEZE DEVICE

NAKASU ELECTRIC CO., LTD....

1. A tube squeeze device for squeezing contents out of a tube, the tube squeeze device comprising:a body;
a handle extending from the body;
an operation lever axially supported by the body via a rotation shaft such that the operation lever is disposed facing the handle, the operation lever being capable of turning in two directions within a prescribed range of movement;
a first gear axially supported by the body via the rotation shaft so as to be capable of rotating;
a one-way clutch for linking the operation lever and the first gear such that the first gear is caused to rotate in a forward direction when the operation lever is turned in the forward direction and such that the first gear is not caused to rotate when the operation lever is turned in a reverse direction;
a second gear axially supported by the body so as to be capable of rotating and so as to mesh with the first gear;
a main roller joined with the second gear so as to rotate synchronously with the second gear; and
an auxiliary roller that follows the rotation of the main roller and squeezes the tube together with the main roller,
wherein the rotation shaft is movably supported by an elongate hole provided in the body, whereby the rotation shaft is movable along a longitudinal axis of the elongate hole from a meshing position in which the first gear and the second gear mesh with each other to an idle position in which the first gear and the second gear are separate from each other, and
wherein when the operation lever turns in the forward direction in a state where the rotation of the main roller in the forward direction is restricted, the rotation shaft moves from the meshing position to the idle position, such that the first gear idles relative to the second gear.

US Pat. No. 10,392,162

HINGED SLIDER FOR A CLOSURE ASSEMBLY

1. A hinged slider for a closure assembly of a bag, the hinged slider comprising:(A) a top wall;
(B) a pair of legs extending from the top wall, the pair of legs comprising:
(a) a first leg comprising a top end attached to the top wall and a bottom end opposing the top end; and
(b) a second leg comprising a top end attached to the top wall and a bottom end opposing the top end;
(C) a pair of wings hingedly attached to the pair of legs, the pair of wings comprising:
(a) a first wing hingedly attached to the bottom end of the first leg to hinge upwardly; and
(b) a second wing hingedly attached to the bottom end of the second leg to hinge upwardly; and
(D) a latching mechanism for securing the slider to the closure assembly, the latching mechanism comprising at least one latch and at least one opening,
wherein the first wing and the second wing hinge upwardly when securing the slider to the closure assembly by engaging the at least one latch with the at least one opening of the latching mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,392,161

CONTAINER ASSEMBLY WITH VENT

Silgan White Cap LLC, Do...

1. A container comprising:a pouch formed from a plastic material to define an interior for containing a substance and an open end into which the substance may be placed from the outside of the pouch;a fitment including a fluid-tight wall defining a flow channel through which the substance may flow with respect to the interior of the pouch;a sealing formation which is joined to the fitment and sealed to the material at the open end of the pouch with a fluid-tight seal to form a fluid-tight interface between the open end of the pouch and the fitment;
a support formation which joins the fitment to the open end and supports the fitment relative to the open end such that the fitment, sealing formation, support formation and pouch material form at least one cavity at the interface; and
a plurality of vents in one of the support formation and the pouch material which forms the cavity, the plurality of vents providing a fluid passage between the cavity and outside of the pouch such that when the pressure of a fluid surrounding the pouch is changed, the plurality of vents permit the fluid to flow relative to the cavity to equalize the pressure within the cavity and at the outside of the pouch.

US Pat. No. 10,392,160

PALLET GAP FILLER

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

9. A lift assembly for a pallet comprising top and bottom decks and blocks and/or stringers separating the top and bottom decks, the lift assembly comprising:tines insertable into a space between the top and bottom decks and the blocks and/or stringers; and
a lift coupled to the tines and operable to control the tines to maneuver the pallet following tine insertion,
the tines being configured to assume:
a first configuration during tine insertion, and
a second configuration in which, following tine insertion, the tines fix an orientation of the pallet relative to the lift,
the lift assembly further comprising an engaging element actuatable with the tines initially assuming the first configuration to cause the tines to assume the second configuration,
wherein:
the tines each comprise a first plate, a second plate, a pivot arm pivotally coupled at opposite ends thereof to the first and second plates, respectively, and a driving element operable by the engaging element to securely drive a pivoting of the pivot arm relative to the first and second plates, and
the first plate is abuttable with the top deck and the second plate is abuttable with the bottom deck with the tines assuming the second configuration or the first plate is abuttable with the bottom deck and the second plate is abuttable with the top deck with the tines assuming the second configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,392,159

CORRUGATED PALLET

Design Pallets, Inc., Ap...

1. A corrugated pallet produced from two flat blanks, the pallet comprising:a pallet bottom including a bottom surface and a first plurality of folded portions;
a pallet top including one or more corner straps and a second plurality of folded portions;
wherein the first plurality of folded portions are assembled to the second plurality of folded portions in nested relation when the pallet top and the pallet bottom are assembled to each other; and
wherein the one or more corner straps are folded into the pallet bottom and into contact with the bottom surface of the pallet bottom to lock the pallet top and the pallet bottom together.

US Pat. No. 10,392,158

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A LID WITH CLOSURE

1. A method for producing a lid with closure for a container comprising the following steps:provision of a lid panel with a pouring opening and at least one guide opening;
bringing together an inner slide piece and a side of the lid panel that is provided as a container inner face;
bringing together an outer slide piece and a side of the lid panel that is provided as a container outer face;
connecting the inner with the outer slide piece via at least one connection element that is disposed at least partially in the at least one guide opening;
bringing together a closure element and the side of the lid panel that is provided as container inner face with the inner slide piece; and
establishment of a coupling between the closure element and the inner slide piece.

US Pat. No. 10,392,157

CUTTING TOOTH OF A ROTATABLE CUTTING DEVICE OF A PACKAGING CLOSURE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A cutting tooth (101) of a cutting device (10), wherein the cutting device (10) is operatively connected to a closure device (1), which can be attached to a container covering (2), and is rotatable about an axis of rotation (R), wherein the cutting tooth (101) comprises a thermoplastic material and a tooth tip (1011) in a direction pointing away from an edge (100) of the cutting device (10) for opening the container covering (2) for a first time, characterized in that a cross-sectional area of the cutting tooth (101), defined by a radial cutting plane through the tooth tip (1011) and the axis of rotation (R) of the cutting device (10), includes a blunt cutting surface (1012) of the tooth tip (1011), wherein the cutting surface (1012) defines a plane (B) that is perpendicular to the axis of rotation (R) and is configured for cutting into the container covering (2).

US Pat. No. 10,392,156

RETURN SHIPPING SYSTEM

1. A return-shipping container system for shipment to a customer in an empty state and for return shipment of an item with shock-protection during transport, comprising:a collapsible shock absorbing assembly including a central panel having a central aperture, a peripheral wall extending along a periphery of the central panel, the peripheral wall comprising first, second, third, and fourth wall panels pivotably attached to the central panel, the first and third wall panels disposed at opposite ends of the central panel and the second and fourth wall panels disposed at opposite sides of the central panel;
the peripheral wall being foldable between a deployed position and a collapsed position, wherein in the deployed position the first, second, third, and fourth wall panels extend generally perpendicular to the central panel defining a deployed height of the collapsible shock absorbing assembly, and wherein in the collapsed position the peripheral wall is folded against the central panel and defines a collapsed height that is smaller than the deployed height;
wherein the second and fourth wall panels each comprise first and second diagonal fold creases, respectively, the second and fourth wall panels being configured to fold along the first and second diagonal fold creases from the deployed to the collapsed positions, forming first and second triangular overlapping portions on each of the second and fourth wall panels;
a resilient sheet having first, second, third, and fourth edge portions, the first and third edges of the resilient sheet being connected to the first and third wall panels and the second and fourth edges of the resilient sheet lying adjacent to the second and fourth wall portions;
a contractible outer container, foldable between contracted and expanded configurations, wherein in the expanded configuration, the contractible outer container defines an expanded interior cavity sufficiently large to receive the entire collapsible shock absorbing assembly in the deployed position and an additional article of commerce, and wherein when the contractible outer container is in the contracted configuration, the contractible outer container defines a contracted interior cavity that is too small to receive the entire collapsible shock absorbing assembly in the deployed configuration but is sufficiently large to receive and enclose for shipping the entire collapsible shock absorber absorbing assembly in the collapsed position.

US Pat. No. 10,392,155

CONTAINER FOR USE IN ITEM SORTATION DEVICES AND SYSTEMS

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A box for containing one or more items, the box being foldable from a substantially flat initial configuration into an open, intermediate configuration and further into a fully closed configuration, the box comprising:first and second sidewalls opposite one another;
first and second endwalls opposite one another, the first endwall defining a first handle aperture, the second endwall defining a second handle aperture;
first and second top end flaps extending respectively from the first and second endwalls, the first top end flap defining a third handle aperture, the second top end flap defining a fourth handle aperture; and
first and second top side flaps extending respectively from the first and second sidewalls,
wherein, in the intermediate configuration, 1) the first and second top end flaps are folded so as to be doubled over, and parallel with, the first and second endwalls, respectively, 2) the first and third handle apertures are aligned with each other along a first direction so as to be gripped by a hand, and 3) the second and fourth handle apertures are aligned with each along the first direction so as to be gripped by another hand, and
wherein, in the fully closed configuration, 1) the first and second top end flaps are folded so as to be substantially perpendicular to the first and second endwalls, respectively, 2) the first and second top side flaps are folded so as to be substantially perpendicular to the first and second sidewalls, respectively, and to underlie both of the third and fourth handle apertures, and 3) the first and second top end flaps and the first and second top side flaps collectively interlock with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,392,154

PROCEDURE FOR MANUFACTURING A LAMINATED PACKAGE FOR SOLID PRODUCTS IN POWDER OR GRAIN FORM, AS WELL AS A PACKAGE OBTAINED BY THIS PROCEDURE

Lubuag Ltd., Sea Port, V...

1. A laminated package for solid products in powder or grain form, comprising a die-pressed coil of printed and laminated material which defines an outer shape of a template of the package, a window at a top of one side of the package, an opening injected-plastic dispensing mouth positioned in the window, a set of main stiffening notches set in front and rear faces of the package, at least one further window in said package, and at least one valve for loading inert gas and evacuating air contained in the package, positioned in the at least one further window.

US Pat. No. 10,392,153

VENTILATION BOARDS AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING VENTILATION BOARD

1. A method of manufacturing a ventilation board, said method comprising steps of:providing a three or more ply corrugated board having a top liner a bottom liner, and an intermediate corrugated layer, said intermediate corrugated layer having a plurality of flutes forming a plurality of crests and troughs;
forming at least one cut passing through the top liner and the corrugated layer such that the cut does not penetrate through the bottom liner;
forming at least one cut passing through the bottom liner and the corrugated layer such that the cut does not penetrate through the top liner and said cut being mutually adjacent and non-overlapping to the cut formed on the top liner; and
depressing portions of the top and bottom liners along with the flutes of the corrugated layer such that flutes on one side of a given cut cut are depressed and flutes on the other side of the given cut are not depressed, thereby providing ventilation across the corrugated board between the cut passing through the top liner and the cut passing through the bottom liner.

US Pat. No. 10,392,152

BIAXIAL STRETCH BLOW-MOLDED CONTAINER

YOSHINO KOGYOSHO CO., LTD...

1. A process for producing a biaxially stretched, blow molded bottle container having a neck, a body and a bottom, the process comprising:biaxially stretching and blow molding a preform having a shape of a test tube and having a laminar structure in which the lamination extends over an entire height range from a predetermined height position of the neck to a lower end face of a gate mark of the bottom, to form the biaxially stretched, blow molded bottle container comprising:
an outer layer that forms an outer shell, and
an inner layer that forms an inner bag configured to be laminated in a peelable manner with an inner surface of the outer layer,the outer layer and the inner layer being formed to be in a laminar structure in which the lamination extends over an entire height range from the predetermined height position of the neck to the lower end face of the gate mark, the lower end face of the gate mark remaining in existence at a center of a bottom plate of the bottom and including an interface of lamination with respect to the inner surface of the outer layer and an outer surface of the inner layer, the interface of lamination being exposed to outside air at the lower end face of the gate mark,the biaxially stretching and blow molding of the preform being conducted such that the interface of lamination is formed to be configured to enable the outside air to be taken into a space defined by the opposing faces of the inner surface of the outer layer and the outer surface of the inner layer by applying an external force in the vicinity of the gate mark so that the interface of lamination, which is exposed to the outside air at the lower end face of the gate mark, can be used as an air intake vent when the opposing faces of the inner surface of the outer layer and the outer surface of the inner layer are peeled from each other starting from the interface of lamination at the lower end face of the gate mark;
wherein
the preform is molded by an injection molding process using a multi-nozzle section having two or more cylindrical flow channels disposed in concentric manner and having a cylindrical joined flow channel disposed at each downstream end of the cylindrical flow channels; and
the inner layer is formed to have a thickness that allows the inner bag to be deflated under a pressure drop inside the inner bag that is caused by a decrease in volume of a content fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,392,151

LIGHTWEIGHT CONTAINER BASE

Amcor Rigid Plastics USA,...

1. A mold system for forming a container, the container defining a longitudinal axis and a transverse direction that extends transverse to the longitudinal axis, said mold system comprising:a sidewall system for molding the sidewall portion of the container; and
a base system for molding the base portion of the container, said base system operable for forming the entire base portion of the container including a central pushup portion, a contact surface for supporting the container, and at least one strap extending along said base portion in the transverse direction, said strap defining a strap surface, said strap surface being spaced offset in a direction parallel to the longitudinal axis from said contact surface, said strap surface extending in the transverse direction to be adjacent said sidewall portion such that said at least one strap surface is visible from a side of the container;
wherein the strap surface, in a plan view directed along the longitudinal axis, is stepped in the transverse direction.

US Pat. No. 10,392,149

LABEL APPLICATOR

bioMerieux, Inc., Durham...

1. A method of applying a label to a curved surface of an object, the method comprising:providing a label applicator comprising:
a body having a first side and a second side, the second side comprising a curved surface, wherein at least one pathway extends from the first side of the body to the curved surface on the second side of the body;
a base positioned proximate to the first side of the body;
at least one first resilient member having a defined length between a first end and a second end, wherein the at least one first resilient member extends through the at least one pathway, the first end of the at least one first resilient member engages with the base, and the second end of the at least one first resilient member extends beyond the curved surface; and
at least one second resilient member engaging the body and the base,
wherein the second end of the at least one first resilient member is configured to removably attach to a label;
attaching the label to the second end of the at least one first resilient member;
moving the label applicator towards an object having a curved surface;
adhering the label to the curved surface using an increasing application force based at least on the first resilient member and the second resilient member, wherein the at least one first resilient member moves independently of the body such that pressure initially applied to the label as the label is attached to the second end compresses the second end toward the curved surface of the body, and wherein, upon the pressure causing the second end to reach the curved surface, further pressure compresses the body toward the base; and
detaching the label from the second end of the at least one first resilient member.

US Pat. No. 10,392,148

SAND BAG SHOVEL ASSEMBLY

1. A funnel assembly for a sand bag shovel assembly, comprising:a funnel having a flange that extends outwardly from a top opening of the funnel;
a tab extending down from the flange;
a clip extending down from the flange; and
wherein the clip has a main portion and a lip that extends perpendicular to the main portion and engages a side of the funnel.

US Pat. No. 10,392,147

STERILIZATION UNIT FOR A FILLING MACHINE

1. A method of operating a sterilization unit for a filling machine, the sterilization unit comprising a frame movable in an axial direction and first and second nozzle pipes for injecting sterilization agent, the first and second nozzle pipes being movable together with the frame in the axial direction to position each of the first and second nozzle pipes in an interior of a respective one of packaging containers to deliver sterilization agent to the interior of the respective packaging container, the method comprising:vertically moving the frame downward along the axial direction toward upwardly open ends of the packaging containers, the downward movement of the frame also downwardly moving the first and second nozzle pipes, the first nozzle pipe contacting an obstruction during the downward movement toward the upwardly open ends of the packaging containers so that further downward movement of the first nozzle pipe is stopped;
continuing the downward movement of the frame and the second nozzle pipe when the first nozzle pipe contacts the obstruction and stops the downward movement of the first nozzle pipe, so that the second nozzle pipe passes through the upwardly open end of a corresponding one of the packaging containers and is positioned in the corresponding packaging container; and
injecting sterilization agent from the second nozzle pipe into the corresponding packaging container.

US Pat. No. 10,392,144

HYDRAULIC STEEL STRAPPING MACHINE

MEISHAN CRRC FASTENING SY...

1. A hydraulic steel strapping machine comprising:a clamping and cutting section, comprising:
a support frame;
a linkage mechanism comprising two groups of connecting rods, each of the groups comprising four connecting rods, two lower connecting rods of the four connecting rods biting against a buckle and a steel strip inside the buckle at four bite points;
a clamping cylinder disposed on a top portion of the support frame along a Z direction and driving the linkage mechanism;
a cylinder pin disposed in the linkage mechanism along the X direction, and sleeved by a lifting lug fixed onto a bottom surface of a piston of the clamping cylinder;
a pressing part sleeved around the cylinder pin;
a cutter, a return spring and a transverse cutter, wherein each of the cutter, the return spring and the transverse cutter is disposed below the pressing part; and
a distance between a back surface of the buckle and the cutter along the X direction is 3-10 mm;
a tensioning section comprising:
two tensioning cylinders;
a tensioning mechanism disposed between the tensioning cylinders;
a piston rod of each of the tensioning cylinders fixed onto two ends of a back rest along a Y direction, two side rests disposed along the X direction, a first end of each of the side rests fixed on the back rest, a second end sleeved onto an end of a pin of an eccentric wheel;
a guide bar disposed on a surface of each of the tensioning cylinders;
an end of the steel strip pressed by a clamping tooth of the eccentric wheel and a working surface of a supporting table disposed under the eccentric wheel;
a kicker pin disposed to abut against the eccentric wheel;
two ends of a tensioning spring tied to the two side rests respectively, and the tensioning spring passing through a hole of the eccentric wheel; and
a thickness of the steel strip being 0-1.5 mm; and
a hinge system disposed on front ends of the two tensioning cylinders in an axial direction, comprising:
a hinge pin disposed along the Y direction, a cutter frame, and a hinge return spring;
the hinge pin fixed onto a rear end surface of a back plate of the support frame by two trunnion seats disposed along the Y direction;
the cutter frame comprising two side frames and a cutter platform under the side frame, the side frames respectively fixed onto the two tensioning cylinders along the X direction and sleeved around two ends of the hinge pin through a hole drilled on the side frame; and
a back end of the hinge return spring disposed in a spring hole of the cutter frame.

US Pat. No. 10,392,143

PERFECTED WINDING DEVICE

Italdibipack S.p.A., Pog...

1. A winding device (1,10,100,1000) adapted to wrap a load with an extensible plastic film, comprising:a reel-holder roll (2) adapted to receive a reel of the extensible plastic film;
a vertical column (3), the roll (2) being movable along the column (3); and
a lifting plane (4) adapted to support the load, the lifting plane (4) being movable along the column (3),
wherein the column (3) comprises a sliding cavity (31) which extends along the column, a sliding cursor (41) being engaged in the sliding cavity (31) and coupled to the lifting plane (4), and
wherein the roll (2) and the lifting plane (4) are joined to one another and rotatably coupled with the column (3) and movable between a first lifting position for lifting the load, in which the lifting plane (4) is substantially orthogonal to the column (3), and a second winding position for winding the load, in which the lifting plane (4) is parallel to the column (3).

US Pat. No. 10,392,142

BAG FORMER ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF USING SAME

1. A former assembly for forming bags from flexible sheet material comprising:a base plate having an aperture formed therein;
a single bracing post attached to the base plate proximate to the aperture, the bracing post having a receiving groove formed along a side edge thereof;
a fill tube slidingly passable through the aperture in the base plate with an annulus between the fill tube and the base plate sized for the passage of the flexible sheet material;
a plurality of contact arms attached to the fill tube at spaced apart locations, the contact arms each extending from the fill tube and slidingly fittable into the receiving groove, wherein the receiving groove is sized to receive the contact arms when the fill tube is slidingly passed through the aperture in the base plate;
a locking orifice formed in each of the plurality of contact arms; and
a plurality of bracing orifices formed in the bracing post.

US Pat. No. 10,392,141

BAG FORMING DEVICE AND PACKAGING MACHINE COMPRISING THE SAME

DONGGUAN FOISON PACKING M...

1. A bag forming device, comprising at least two bag forming units, each bag forming unit being provided for passing through a packaging film, wherein each bag forming unit comprises a deflection element and a folding element, the folding element comprises a forming tube, the forming tubes of the bag forming units are arranged in a first direction in sequence; the deflection element comprises a first transition element, an inclined transition portion that is arranged above the first transition element, and a second transition element, and the first transition element and the second transition element are distributed in a width direction of the deflection element with the second transition element being closer to the folding element than the first transition element, a front end surface of the inclined transition portion is provided as an inclined transition surface which is in an inclined arrangement, whereinin one bag forming unit, the deflection element, the first transition element, the inclined transition portion, the second transition element, the folding element and the forming tubes in the folding element are configured and arranged such that:
the packaging film is moved from rear of the deflection element to front of the deflection element in a second direction, and when the packaging film is moved around the deflection element, the packaging film moves along the following moving route: from front of the deflection element where the inclined transition surface is located, to one of two side ends of the deflection element where the first transition element is located, to the other side end of the two side ends of the deflection element where the second transition element is located after passing through the first transition element, and then moves downward parallel and opposite to a height direction of the defection element after passing through the second transition element, wherein the two side ends are left side end and right side end of the deflection element and are distributed in the width direction of the deflection element, and more than one film moving positions are provided in the deflection element in the moving route for passing through of the packaging film to make deflection of the packaging film sequentially, the film moving positions include the inclined transition surface, an outer side surface of the first transition element, and an outer side surface of the second transition element, for successive passing of the packaging film;
wherein the outer side surface of the second transition element and the outer side surface of the first transition element are distributed in the width direction of the deflection element;
wherein from a side end of the inclined transition surface that is close to the outer side surface of the first transition element, to a side end of the inclined transition surface that is close to the outer side surface of the second transition element, the inclined transition surface gradually leans backward;
when the packaging film is moved through the folding element, the packaging film is folded longitudinally, and longitudinal openings of the packaging films after longitudinal folding all face towards the first direction, and the packaging film moves along an axial direction of the forming tube when the packaging film is moving through the forming tube, and
wherein the height direction of the deflection element is perpendicular to the first direction and the second direction is perpendicular to the first direction and the height direction of the deflection element.

US Pat. No. 10,392,140

AUTOMATED SOLID PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCT PACKAGING MACHINE

MTS Medication Technologi...

1. A system for filling solid pharmaceutical product packaging, comprising:a storage means for storing patient specific prescription data in an electronic memory associated with a computer controller;
a means for automatically effecting relative motion along multiple axes to locate a first solid pharmaceutical product cavity location of an array of cavity locations beneath a dispensing passageway for a first solid pharmaceutical dispensing canister, wherein the array of cavity locations comprises a plurality of cavities, each of the plurality of cavities corresponding to a different cavity formed within a product package wherein the array of cavities has a same number of cavities in a same arrangement as the product package;
means for automatically causing the first solid pharmaceutical dispensing canister to eject a solid pharmaceutical product into the first cavity location;
means for automatically effecting relative motion along multiple axes to selectively locate a second solid pharmaceutical product cavity location beneath a dispensing passageway for a second solid pharmaceutical dispensing canister;
means for automatically causing the second solid pharmaceutical dispensing canister to eject a solid pharmaceutical product into the second cavity; and
means for automatically effecting relative motion for each remaining cavity location of the array of cavity locations and the canisters and automatically dispensing one or more solid pharmaceutical products from each of a plurality of dispensing canisters corresponding to a prescribed dose at a dosing time for the specific patient corresponding at each cavity location until all cavities for the patient prescription have been filled.

US Pat. No. 10,392,139

CONTAINER PRODUCTION PLANT WITH COOLING OF THE BASE OF THE CONTAINERS

KRONES AG, Neutraubling ...

1. A method of producing plastics material containers filled with liquid, comprising:shaping plastics material pre-forms by means of a shaping device to form the plastics material containers and conveying the plastics material containers by means of a conveying device to a first filling device and filling the plastics material containers using the first filling device with a product for filling; and
cooling at least one area of the plastics material containers between the shaping device and the first filling device by being acted upon with a flowable medium, wherein, for the purpose of cooling, a pre-set portion of the product for filling is filled into the plastics material containers by a second filling device,
metering a portion of the product to be filled by means of the second filling device into the plastics material containers,
wherein the product for filling is at least one of water, carbonated product, solids as suspension dissolved with water or aromatic substances, the pre-set portion of the product for filling remains inside the plastics material containers during and after the filling by the second filling device and the plastics material containers maintain a filling position during the filling by the second filling device, and wherein the product for filling has the same composition as the pre-set portion of the product for filling.

US Pat. No. 10,392,138

METHOD OF FILLING VISCOUS CONTENT

TOYO SEIKAN CO., LTD., T...

1. A method of filling a viscous content by:providing a container that has an inner surface formed of an olefin resin;
applying an edible oil or a liquid paraffin on the inner surface of the container to form an oil film thereon; and
filling the container that has the oil film formed on the inner surface thereof with a viscous content that has a viscosity at 25° C. of not less than 100 mPa·s,
wherein the olefin resin forming the inner surface of the container is blended with a bleeding additive comprising an ester of a fatty acid.

US Pat. No. 10,392,137

FOLDING UNIT FOR PRODUCING PACKAGES OF FOOD PRODUCTS POURABLE INTO A TUBE OF PACKAGING MATERIAL FROM SEALED PACKS

1. A folding unit for producing packages from sealed packs having at least one flap to be folded, said folding unit comprising:a conveying device carrying at least one pushing element arranged for interacting with said at least one flap;
a supporting element onto which said conveying device abuts when said at least one pushing element interacts with said at least one flap;
said conveying device comprising at least one rolling element rolling onto said supporting element; and
a main conveyor for advancing said packs along a path, said main conveyor being vertically below and spaced apart from said conveying device, said main conveyor having a conveying branch arranged for conveying said packs and said conveying device having an active branch along which said at least one pushing element interacts with said packs, said active branch of said conveying device facing said conveying branch of said main conveyor so that said at least one pushing element pushes said at least one flap while said packs are carried by said main conveyor, wherein
said conveying device comprises first driving means arranged for interacting with second driving means of said main conveyor so that, in use, said main conveyor drives said conveying device.

US Pat. No. 10,392,136

OFFLOAD ADJUSTMENT FOR SATELLITE IMAGE DIVERSITY

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A method of decoupling payload pointing from a host bus platform, the method comprising:operating a remote sensing vehicle comprising a host bus platform and a variable pitch instrument platform, wherein the variable pitch instrument platform is moveably coupled to the host bus platform in at least one degree of freedom via a dynamic coupling device;
establishing a pointing position of an image sensor of the variable pitch instrument platform to establish payload pointing of the image sensor;
operating the image sensor mounted on the variable pitch instrument platform at a first pitch angle relative to Nadir, thereby scanning a target surface to generate a first data set for processing with a processor;
moving the variable pitch instrument platform relative to the host bus platform to vary the pointing position of the image sensor of the variable pitch instrument platform; and
operating the image sensor at a second pitch angle relative to Nadir, thereby scanning the target surface to generate a second data set for processing with the processor,
such that payload pointing of the image sensor, and scanning with the image sensor, are decoupled from the host bus platform attitude, the payload pointing and scanning being independent of attitude control of the host bus platform.

US Pat. No. 10,392,135

SATELLITE RADIATOR PANELS WITH COMBINED STIFFENER/HEAT PIPE

WorldVu Satellites Limite...

1. An apparatus comprising a passive thermal system, wherein the passive thermal system comprises:a solid radiator panel; and
at least one structural heat pipe disposed on a surface of the solid radiator panel wherein a structural heat pipe has a structural modification that increases, by at least 50 percent, a component of the area moment-of-inertia along an axis that is orthogonal to the surface of the solid radiator panel.

US Pat. No. 10,392,134

PROPULSION AND GAS-MOVING SYSTEMS USING TRAVELLING-WAVE GAS DIELECTROPHORESIS

Trustees of Boston Univer...

1. A traveling-wave dielectrophoresis propulsion system for an orbiting vehicle, comprising:a set of surfaces over which a gas passes during orbital flight of the vehicle;
a plurality of electrodes on the surfaces, the electrodes configured to create an electric field having a predetermined spatial field pattern in response to field signals applied thereto, the spatial field pattern being experienced by passing molecules of the gas as an oscillating field having a frequency on the order of a polarization-resonance frequency of the molecules to impart a propulsive traveling-wave dielectrophoretic force to the passing molecules, the electrodes extending over sufficient area to impart sufficient traveling-wave dielectrophoretic force to the gas to overcome aerodynamic drag and thereby sustain orbital flight of the vehicle; and
a power source configured and operative to apply the field signals to the electrodes, the power source providing sufficient power to overcome power lost to aerodynamic drag and thereby sustain orbital flight of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,392,132

CURVED AIRCRAFT SUBSTRUCTURE REPAIR SYSTEMS AND METHODS

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method comprising:trimming a first stock into a blank shape; and
cutting a plurality of slits into the first stock, wherein the first stock is configured to be bent at least a plurality of times to form:
a leg portion configured to be coupled to an aircraft;
a side portion connected to the leg portion; and
a top portion connected to the side portion, wherein the leg portion and the side portion include the plurality of slits, wherein the plurality of slits divides the leg portion into a plurality of leg flanges and the side portion into a plurality of side flanges, wherein each slit comprises a substantially straight first edge defined by the leg flange and the connected side flange, a substantially straight second edge defined by the adjacent leg flange and side flange, and a point of intersection of the first edge and the second edge, wherein the bent first stock is configured to be coupled to the aircraft to reinforce at least a curved portion of the aircraft, and wherein at least a portion of the top portion is curved, at least partly due to the slits, when the bent first stock is coupled to the aircraft.

US Pat. No. 10,392,131

ADDITIVE MANUFACTURED TOOL ASSEMBLY

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A tool assembly comprising:a support frame including support beams and support mounts, the support mounts supporting the support beams, the support frame being rigid and used to transport the tool assembly; and
a support tool supported by the support frame, the support tool having a faceplate and a supporting grid structure formed with the faceplate as a monolithic structure, the faceplate and the supporting grid structure being defined by a series of additive manufactured (AM) layers built on each other with the supporting grid structure being positioned below and supporting the faceplate, the faceplate having a supporting surface at a top of the support tool for supporting a working component, the supporting surface being contoured and defined by a well formed into the AM layers;
wherein the supporting grid structure engages the support beams such that loads are transferred between the support tool and the support frame through the support beams, the support frame maintaining dimensional stability of the support tool during transport and when resting.

US Pat. No. 10,392,130

AUTOMATIC PASSENGER BOARDING BRIDGE DOCKING SYSTEM

SINGAPORE TECHNOLOGIES DY...

1. A system for joining a distal end of a passenger boarding bridge with an aircraft passenger door including:a) a sensory suite module, said sensory suite module comprised of:
an aircraft scanning identification component for aircraft scanning and identification;
an obstacle detection component for detecting obstacles near an embarking point or apron;
a door position sensor component for detecting the edges of the aircraft passenger door, wherein the door position sensor component comprises a laser profiler for detecting vertical and horizontal gaps in the aircraft fuselage that indicates the edges of the aircraft passenger door, wherein the laser profile emits a high resolution laser line covering the edge of the aircraft door and is not susceptible to changes in the background lighting;
one or more close range proximity sensors to measure the distance between the passenger boarding bridge and the aircraft; and
software filters that filter data to remove noise caused by fog, rain or snow, wherein the software filters are used by both the aircraft scanning and identification component and door position sensor component; and
b) a controller module including a motor driver, a position sensor and an encoder;
c) a triggering module including a remote docking trigger and an LCD panel,
wherein said triggering module activates the sensory suite module, and
wherein said controller module operates one or more actuators to drive the distal end of the passenger boarding bridge to the aircraft passenger door.

US Pat. No. 10,392,129

INTEGRATED MICRO-LED LUMINOUS AIRCRAFT PANEL

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. An integrated aircraft lighting and display panel, comprising:at least one flexible substrate configured to conform to an interior panel of an aircraft;
at least one lighting control unit (LCU) coupled to at least one of a power source of the aircraft, a network bus of the aircraft, and a data interface of the aircraft;
a plurality of light-emitting diode (LED) modules disposed on the flexible substrate in a spaced apart relationship and coupled to the LCU, each LED module comprising:
a) a printed circuit board (PCB);
b) at least one microcontroller attached to the PCB and coupled to the LCU;
and
c) an LED array of one or more LED units arranged on the PCB in a spaced apart relationship, each LED unit coupled to the microcontroller and including at least one of a white LED and a red/green/blue (RGB) LED, the LED array configured to generate a luminous output when activated by the microcontroller;
at least one decorative layer defining an external surface of the lighting and display panel;
and
a core material separating the flexible substrate and the plurality of LED modules from the decorative layer, the core material capable of at least partially transmitting the luminous output to the decorative layer.

US Pat. No. 10,392,128

ROTORCRAFT AND AUTOMATIC LANDING SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

GUANGZHOU XAIRCRAFT TECHN...

1. An automatic landing system of a rotorcraft, comprising:a motor configured to drive a propeller of the rotorcraft to rotate;
an electronic governor communicatively connected with the motor and configured to regulate a rotational speed of the motor;
a laser emitter having a first emission head and a second emission head, wherein the first emission head and the second emission head respectively emit laser beams symmetrically about a central axis of the airframe of the rotorcraft, wherein the central axis is perpendicular to a horizontal plane of the ground at the location of a landing pattern, wherein a predetermined angle is formed between each laser beam and the central axis, and wherein the laser beams emitted from the first emission head and the second emission head respectively create projections on the ground;
a photographic device disposed at a bottom portion of the airframe of the rotorcraft, wherein the photographic device is configured to photograph a landing target image and a distance image of the projections; and
a controller configured to read and analyze the landing target image and the distance image so as to obtain real-time image data, identify a landing target pattern according to the real-time image data corresponding to the landing target image, obtain a spatial distance between a current position of the rotorcraft and the landing target pattern according to the predetermined angle and the real-time image data corresponding to the landing target image and the distance image, and control the electronic governor according to the spatial distance so as to make the rotorcraft land on the landing target pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,392,127

LIGHTNING STRIKE PROTECTION FOR COMPOSITE COMPONENTS

ROHR, INC., Chula Vista,...

1. A method of manufacturing a lightning strike protection film, the method comprising:growing carbon nanotubes on a plurality of fibers in an intratow region within a fiber tow, wherein at least a portion of the carbon nanotubes comprise:
a first end coupled to a fiber of the plurality of fibers, and
a second end extending away from the fiber; and
controlling a growth of the carbon nanotubes to reach a selected tow fiber volume fraction of between 10% to 20% that is uniform throughout the fiber tow.

US Pat. No. 10,392,126

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING VEHICLE ATTITUDE DISPLAY

1. A vehicle attitude display controller adapted to cause a display to present pitch and bank information of a vehicle associated with said display by representation of a vehicle avatar representing said vehicle with respect to an artificial horizon and graduated bank and pitch angle scale, characterized in that said display controller is adapted to cause said vehicle avatar to be displayed in fixed relation to said display and to display said artificial horizon at an angle with respect to said vehicle avatar corresponding to the real instantaneous bank angle of said vehicle and wherein said vehicle attitude display controller is further adapted to cause said display unit to display a movable symbol in the form of a lozenge in a horizontal position with respect to the extremities of the vehicle avatar that is proportional to the symmetry of the vehicle,wherein said vehicle attitude display controller is adapted to cause said display to represent said avatar as comprising lateral lines separated by an index point, and to cause the display to represent said movable symbol as moving along said lateral lines.

US Pat. No. 10,392,125

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ONBOARD WAKE AND CLEAR AIR TURBULENCE AVOIDANCE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA ...

1. An onboard air turbulence avoidance system for an aircraft comprising:two or more infrasonic sensors mounted on the aircraft and configured to passively detect infrasound, wherein the two or more infrasonic sensors comprise, at least:
an interior infrasonic sensor mounted to a structure in an interior portion of the aircraft wherein the interior portion of the aircraft comprises a cockpit and having a closed cell polyurethane foam windshield mounted over a sensor face of the interior infrasonic sensor; and
an exterior infrasonic sensor mounted in an external portion of the aircraft; and
a processor configured with processor-executable instructions to:
receive output signals from both the interior infrasonic sensor and the exterior infrasonic sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,392,124

TACTILE AND PERIPHERAL VISION COMBINED MODALITY HOVER DRIFT CUEING

Lockheed Martin Corporati...

1. A method comprising:receiving, at a processor, vehicle position information from one or more sensors disposed on a vehicle;
determining, at the processor, position drift based on the received vehicle position information;
determining, at the processor, if a combined mode is selected, wherein, if the combined mode is selected, a cueing signal is transmitted to both a peripheral vision position drift indicator and a tactile feedback indicator; and
if the combined mode is not selected, determining if a peripheral only mode is selected, wherein if peripheral only mode is selected, the cueing signal is transmitted to the peripheral vision position drift indicator; and
if the peripheral only mode is not selected, transmitting the cueing signal to the tactile feedback indicator; and
controlling, with the processor, at least one of the peripheral vision position drift indicator and the tactile feedback indicator based on the combined mode and peripheral only mode, the tactile feedback indicator being configured to indicate the position drift by generating tactile feedback, and the peripheral vision position drift indicator and the tactile feedback indicator being onboard the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,392,123

ON-BOARD INERT GAS GENERATING AIR SEPARATION MODULE RECOVERY APPARATUS AND METHOD

Carleton Life Support Sys...

1. A method of recovering air separation performance of an air separation module (ASM) via a recovery system, the recovery system including an air source configured to provide an air flow of high pressure inlet air to the recovery system, a filter configured to filter the inlet air and output clean air, a heater configured to heat either the inlet air or clean air, and an inlet connector and outlet connector configured to couple with the ASM, the ASM comprising a hollow fiber membrane configured to receive the heated clean air and output nitrogen enriched air (NEA) exhaust, the method comprising:a) operating the recovery system with the air source and heater in respective default conditions, wherein the air source outputs a default air flow rate and the heater outputs heated air having a default air temperature;
b) measuring an initial purity of NEA exhaust;
c) adjusting at least one of the air source and heater based on the measured initial purity of the NEA exhaust;
d) operating the recovery system after adjusting at least one of the air source and heater;
e) returning the air source and heater to their respective default conditions;
f) measuring a recovered purity of the NEA exhaust; and
g) determining whether the recovered purity is within predetermined tolerances; wherein:
i) if the recovered purity is within predetermined tolerances, terminating operation of the recovery system; or
ii) if the recovered purity is not within predetermined tolerances, repeating steps c)-g).

US Pat. No. 10,392,122

INERTING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AN AIRCRAFT USING EXHAUST AIR

Airbus Operations GmbH, ...

1. An inerting system for an aircraft, the inerting system comprising:an inert gas generation apparatus configured to produce an inert gas;
an air supply line connected to an exhaust air system of the aircraft;
a compressor, which is configured to supply the inert gas generation apparatus with supply air from the air supply line in a form of compressed air having a pressure necessary for operation of the inert gas generation apparatus;
a heat exchanger configured to cool the compressed air to a temperature necessary for operation of the inert gas generation apparatus;
a bypass line connected downstream of the compressor such that at least a portion of the supply air circumvents the heat exchanger to control a temperature of the supply air input into the inert gas generation apparatus; and
an inert gas line, which is configured to conduct the inert gas from the inert gas generation apparatus to an inert gas consumer.

US Pat. No. 10,392,120

PROPULSION ENGINE FOR AN AIRCRAFT

General Electric Company,...

1. A propulsion system for an aircraft having a fuselage and an aft end, the propulsion system comprising:an electric propulsion engine configured to be mounted to the aircraft, the propulsion engine defining a central axis and comprising:
an electric machine defining an electric machine tip speed during operation of the propulsion engine;
a fan rotatable about the central axis of the electric propulsion engine with the electric machine, the fan defining a fan pressure ratio (RFP), the fan pressure ratio being a fan pressure ratio rating for the fan, and the fan comprising a plurality of fan blades, each fan blade defining a fan blade tip speed during operation of the electric propulsion engine, the electric propulsion engine defining a ratio of fan blade tip speed to electric machine tip speed; and
a power gearbox mechanically coupled to the electric machine, the fan mechanically coupled to the power gearbox and rotatable about the central axis of the electric propulsion engine by the electric machine through the power gearbox;
wherein during operation of the electric propulsion engine, the ratio of fan blade tip speed to electric machine tip speed is within twenty percent of the following formula: 1. 68 × RFP ?0.518.

US Pat. No. 10,392,119

ELECTRIC PROPULSION ENGINE FOR AN AIRCRAFT

General Electric Company,...

1. A propulsion system for an aircraft having a structural member, the propulsion system comprising:an electric propulsion engine configured to be mounted to the aircraft, the electric propulsion engine defining a central axis and comprising:
an electric motor;
a power gearbox mechanically coupled to the electric motor;
a fan rotatable about the central axis of the electric propulsion engine by the electric motor through the power gearbox;
a fan frame mounted about the central axis of the propulsion engine; and
an attachment assembly for mounting at least one of the electric motor or the power gearbox, the attachment assembly including a torsional damper for accommodating torsional vibration of the electric motor or the power gearbox, wherein the attachment assembly is configured to mount the electric motor to at least one of the fan frame or the bulkhead of the aircraft, and wherein the torsional damper is positioned between the electric motor and the at least one of the fan frame or the bulkhead.

US Pat. No. 10,392,118

CONDUCTIVE NETWORK FOR PARACHUTE FABRICS

1. A system comprising:a conductive network; wherein the conductive network includes a set of flexible conductive elements; wherein the set includes a first flexible conductive element; wherein at least a portion of the first flexible conductive element is enclosed within an insulator; and
one or more Faraday cages, wherein the one or more Faraday cages are configured to be arranged to shield at least a portion of the conductive network; wherein the one or more Faraday cages and conductive network are configured to integrate with a parachute to enable the conductive network and parachute to be packed, deployed, and recovered without damaging the parachute, one or more Faraday cages, or conductive network.

US Pat. No. 10,392,117

ICING CONDITION DETECTION USING INSTANTANEOUS HUMIDITY SENSING

General Electric Company,...

1. An ice mitigation system, comprising:instantaneous humidity instrumentation mounted within an aircraft engine downstream of a fan stage;
aircraft-mounted pressure measurement instrumentation;
aircraft-mounted temperature measurement instrumentation;
an aircraft propulsion system-mounted ice mitigation system; and
a controller in continuous communication with the instantaneous humidity instrumentation, the pressure measurement instrumentation and the temperature measurement instrumentation, the controller receiving signals from the instrumentation indicative of instantaneous ambient humidity, temperature and pressure and continuously determining conditions for ice formation based on received signals, the controller signaling activation of the ice mitigation system when the determined conditions for ice formation based on signals received from the instrumentation are favorable and signaling deactivation of the ice mitigation system when the determined conditions for ice formation are unfavorable.

US Pat. No. 10,392,116

DE-ICING SYSTEM FOR AIRCRAFT

SAFRAN AEROSYSTEMS, Plai...

1. A de-icing system for an aircraft surface, comprising:at least one recess created in the surface, the recess comprising a plurality of unitary cells that are bounded and separated from other cells by a pattern of protrusions within the recess that divides the recess into the plurality of unitary cells,
each cell in the plurality of cells in fluid communication with a port system for separately delivering a vacuum and a pressurized fluid to each cell;
a single erosion shield covering the recess, wherein the single erosion shield is shared in common by the plurality of unitary cells,
wherein each unitary cell in the plurality of unitary cells is formed as a cavity, the cavity defined at its base by the aircraft surface, defined at one or more sides by the protrusions, and defined at its upper surface by its portion of the erosion shield,
wherein application of pressurized fluid to a first unitary cell in the plurality of unitary cells creates a pulse in the erosion shield, creating a pattern of multiple undulating waved pulses across the erosion shield.

US Pat. No. 10,392,115

VEHICLE SEAT TUBING HAVING VARIABLE WALL THICKNESS

1. A seat for an aircraft, the seat comprising:a base frame; and
a base frame tube, the base frame tube comprising:
a first portion having a first wall thickness;
a second portion having a second wall thickness that is greater than the first wall thickness, wherein the first portion defines an inner diameter that is greater than an inner diameter defined by the second portion; and
a third portion having an outer diameter that is greater than an outer diameter of at least one of the first portion or the second portion,
wherein the base frame tube is supported at a first location on the base frame, and wherein the base frame is configured to connect with a back frame for a seat back of the seat at a second location such that the base frame tube is not directly connected to the back frame.

US Pat. No. 10,392,114

AIRCRAFT SEATING ASSEMBLY

ENCORE SEATS, INC., Alis...

1. An aircraft seating assembly for installation in an aircraft, the assembly comprising:a back support; and
a retention system coupled to the back support, the retention system configured to retain an object in place by clamping a lower portion of the object, the retention system comprising:
a base member; and
a clamp member rotatably coupled to the base member at a lower portion of the base member;
wherein the retention system is configured to clamp a front surface of the lower portion of the object and a back surface of the lower portion of the object between the base member and the clamp member to retain the object in place.

US Pat. No. 10,392,113

GALLEY COOLING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPERATING A GALLEY COOLING SYSTEM

Airbus Operations GmbH, ...

1. A galley cooling system for an aircraft, the galley cooling system comprising:a trolley compartment comprising a front side access opening and a back wall arranged opposite to the front side access opening;
a cooling unit for providing a cooling fluid and comprising a cooling fluid outlet and a cooling fluid inlet;
a first cooling fluid manifold connected to the cooling fluid outlet or the cooling fluid inlet of the cooling unit, wherein the first cooling fluid manifold has at least one first cooling fluid manifold wall defining at least a portion of a lateral boundary of a receiving space of the trolley compartment, wherein the at least one first cooling fluid manifold wall extends in a direction between the front side access opening and the back wall of the trolley compartment approximately perpendicular to the back wall of the trolley compartment, and wherein the first cooling fluid manifold wall comprises a first cooling fluid opening to connect the first cooling fluid manifold to the receiving space of the trolley compartment; and
a second cooling fluid manifold connected to the cooling fluid inlet or the cooling fluid outlet of the cooling unit, the second cooling fluid manifold having a second cooling fluid manifold wall defining at least a portion of an upper boundary of the receiving space of the trolley compartment, wherein the second cooling fluid manifold wall comprises a second cooling fluid opening to connect the second cooling fluid manifold to the receiving space of the trolley compartment,
wherein the cooling unit is arranged inside the trolley compartment, outside of the lateral boundary of the receiving space of the trolley compartment defined by the at least one first cooling fluid manifold wall.

US Pat. No. 10,392,112

LAVATORY WITH STOWAGE COMPARTMENT

1. An aircraft lavatory with a stowage compartment, comprising:an enclosure having a door, a first side wall, a rear wall, a ceiling, and a second side wall, wherein the second side wall includes a sink, the second side wall defining a plane and wherein the sink is inwardly disposed from said plane with respect to said first side wall;
an additional side wall parallel to, and adjacent to, and outwardly disposed from said second side wall and said sink with respect to said first side wall, creating a first space between the second side wall and the additional side wall forming an amenities area; and
a lockable stowage compartment disposed above the sink and accessible from outside said lavatory, the stowage compartment formed in a second space between said second side wall and said additional wall.