US Pat. No. 10,391,694

METHOD OF PRODUCING FILM

KANEKA CORPORATION, Osak...

1. A method of producing a film, the method comprising:melting and kneading a thermoplastic resin composition having a relaxation modulus of not less than 100 Pa and not more than 1500 Pa, the relaxation modulus being measured under conditions of a temperature of 260° C., distortion of 1%, and a relaxation time of 1 second; and
performing extrusion molding of the thermoplastic resin composition using a T die to form the film,
wherein the thermoplastic resin composition contains an acrylic resin and a rubber particle.
US Pat. No. 10,392,464

THERMOPLASTIC RESIN, METHOD OF PREPARING THERMOPLASTIC RESIN, AND THERMOPLASTIC RESIN COMPOSITION INCLUDING THERMOPLASTIC RESIN

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A thermoplastic resin, comprising: a core prepared by graft-polymerizing 40 to 70% by weight of a conjugated diene rubbery polymer with 7.5 to 30% by weight of a total of monomers comprising an aromatic vinyl compound and a vinyl cyanide compound; and a shell enclosing the core and prepared by graft-polymerizing the conjugated diene rubbery polymer with 15 to 45% by weight of a total of monomers comprising an aromatic vinyl compound and a vinyl cyanide compound,wherein the vinyl cyanide compound of the monomers constituting the core is comprised in an amount of 0.01 to 20% by weight based on 100% by weight of a total of the monomers of the core, and
the vinyl cyanide compound of the monomers constituting the shell is comprised in an amount of greater than 25% by weight to 90% by weight or less based on 100% by weight of a total of the monomers of the shell,
wherein the conjugated diene rubbery polymer is a mixture of a rubbery polymer (A) having a gel content of 60 to 75% by weight and a rubbery polymer (B) having a gel content of 80 to 95% by weight.
US Pat. No. 10,393,744

PEPTIDES FOR TARGETING COLORECTAL CANCER, AND MEDICAL USE THEREOF

UNIVERSITY OF ULSAN FOUND...

1. A method for diagnosing colorectal cancer, comprising:applying a composition comprising the peptide of SEQ ID NO: 15 to a patient of having a colorectal cancer; and
identifying the presence of the colorectal cancer.
US Pat. No. 10,392,465

POLYMERIZED ROSIN COMPOUND AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREFOR

Arakawa Chemical Industri...

1. A polymerized rosin composition comprising:a rosin dimer component (A) which comprises a bifunctional rosin dimer component (a1) represented by formula (1): ROOC—X—COOR,
wherein X represents a rosin dimer residue derived from resin acid having conjugated double bonds which is at least one selected from the group consisting of abietic acid, neoabietic acid, and palustric acid, and R represents hydrogen, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or a benzyl group,
the polymerized rosin composition comprises a content of the bifunctional rosin dimer component (a1) of 91.6% by weight or more, and
a rosin trimer or higher oligomer component (B) of 1.5 to 3.7% by weight,
wherein the rosin dimer component is free of a monofunctional rosin dimer component (a2) having one functional group represented by formula (2): ROOC—, wherein R represents hydrogen, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or a benzyl group, and a functional group-free rosin dimer component (a3) free of the functional group represented by formula (2): ROOC—, wherein R represents hydrogen, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms, or a benzyl group.
US Pat. No. 10,393,745

METHOD FOR THE DIAGNOSIS AND PROGNOSIS OF CANCER

The USA, as represented b...

1. A method for detecting creatine riboside in an individual, the method comprising:a) obtaining a sample from the individual; and,
b) detecting whether creatine riboside is present in the sample using at least one method selected from the group consisting of:
i) a method comprising column chromatography; and
ii) a method comprising ionizing the sample so that if creatine riboside is present in the sample, creatine riboside ions are created, wherein the creatine riboside ions comprise an ion, or fragment ion, having a mass charge ratio of 264.1196+ or 90.0550+, and using mass spectrometry to detect the creatine riboside ions, if present.
US Pat. No. 10,391,183

INFECTIVITY-ENHANCED CONDITIONALLY-REPLICATIVE ADENOVIRUS AND USES THEREOF

The UAB Research Foundati...

1. A method of providing adenoviral gene therapy to an individual having a cancer comprising tumor cells, the method comprising the steps of:directly administering to the tumor cells a therapeutic dose of an infectivity-enhanced conditionally-replicative adenovirus, wherein said infectivity-enhanced conditionally-replicative adenovirus possesses a modification or a replacement within the fiber protein that leads to enhanced infectivity of the tumor cells as compared to the infectivity of the tumor cells by a wild-type adenovirus without the modification or the replacement, and an early gene whose expression mediates the conditional replication of said infectivity-enhanced conditionally-replicative adenovirus in said tumor cells, wherein said adenovirus has a genome comprising an E1A deletion limited to the 24 nucleotides encoding amino acids 122 to 129 of the adenoviral E1A protein, but otherwise contains all other wild-type E1A nucleotides, and wherein said early gene is conditionally regulated by means selected from the group consisting of a tissue-specific promoter operably linked to said early gene and a mutation in said early gene.
US Pat. No. 10,391,440

METHOD FOR PRODUCING OXYGEN BY VPSA

1. A process for the production of oxygen by adsorption of a stream of atmospheric air employing VPSA comprising at least one adsorber, each adsorber being subjected to the same pressure cycle comprising the following stages:a) production of a first gas stream comprising an oxygen content C1 while charging upstream the adsorber with the stream of atmospheric air,
b) production of a second gas stream comprising an oxygen content C2 c) production of a third gas stream comprising an oxygen content C3 d) elution of the adsorber, from which have emerged the three gas streams produced in stages a), b) and c), with the second gas stream produced in stage b),
e) repressurization of the adsorber which has been subjected to the elution of stage d) with successively at least two streams, a first and a second repressurization stream, having an increasing oxygen content, the first repressurization stream being the third gas stream produced in stage c) and the second repressurization stream being the second gas stream produced in stage b).
US Pat. No. 10,392,466

TWO-COMPONENT POLYURETHANE ADHESIVE COMPOSITION

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A curable two-component polyurethane adhesive composition comprising:a first component C1 comprising at least one polyol;
a second component C2 comprising at least one isocyanate; and
a polyurethane catalytic system comprising a first bicyclic amine and a second bicyclic amine, wherein the first bicyclic amine is selected to be 1,8-diazabicyclo[5.4.0]undec-7-ene and the second bicyclic amine is selected to be 1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane.
US Pat. No. 10,393,746

KIT FOR IMMUNOLOGICAL DETECTION OF TNF-ALPHA, STNFR1 AND IL-8 IN PROSTATE CANCER

Health Research, Inc., B...

1. A kit for use in immunological detection of tumor necrosis factor ?(TNF?), soluble TNF receptor 1 (sTNFR1), interleukin-8 (IL-8), and Prostate Serum Antigen (PSA), wherein the kit comprises one or more sealed containers that comprise monoclonal and/or polyclonal capture antibodies that are specific for TNF?, sTNFR1, IL-8, and PSA, and wherein the kit comprises one or more sealed containers that comprise monoclonal and/or polyclonal detection antibodies that are for use in specifically binding to captured TNF?, sTNFR1, IL-8, and PSA.
US Pat. No. 10,391,184

METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR TREATING BRAIN DISEASES

University of Iowa Resear...

1. A method of delivering a therapeutic agent to the central nervous system of a mammal, comprising administering an immunesuppression agent to the mammal and administering to the mammal's cisterna magna, brain ventricle, subarachnoid space, or intrathecal space an rAAV particle comprising an AAV capsid protein and a vector comprising a nucleic acid encoding a therapeutic agent inserted between a pair of AAV inverted terminal repeats in a manner effective to infect a cell that contacts the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of the mammal such that the cell expresses the therapeutic agent in the mammal, wherein the therapeutic agent is tripeptidyl peptidase 1 (TPP1), and wherein the mammal is a primate.
US Pat. No. 10,393,747

DIAGNOSTIC METHOD FOR GASTRIC CANCER

Korea Advanced Institute ...

1. A method comprising:separating haptoglobin from a sample derived from a subject;
separating N-glycan by treating the haptoglobin with an enzyme;
performing mass spectrometry on the separated N-glycan; and
performing quantitative profiling for a result of the mass spectrometry by one or more selected from the group consisting of a receiver-operation characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, and an area-under-the-ROC curve (AUC) analysis on one or more selected from the group consisting of tri-antennary Hex6-HexNAc5-Fuc1 glycan (2151.8 m/z) and tetra-antennary Hex7-HexNAc6-Fuc1 glycan (2516.9 m/z);
identifying that the subject has gastric cancer or a high risk of gastric cancer
when an AUC value of tri-antennary Hex6-HexNAc5-Fuc1 glycan (2151.8 m/z) is 0.9 or higher,
when an AUC value of tetra-antennary Hex7-HexNAc6-Fuc1 glycan (2516.9 m/z) is 0.9 or higher,
when an average of the AUC value of tri-antennary Hex6-HexNAc5-Fuc1 glycan (2151.8 m/z) and the AUC value of tetra-antennary Hex7-HexNAc6-Fuc1 glycan (2516.9 m/z) is 0.9 or higher, or
when a sum of the AUC value of tri-antennary Hex6-HexNAc5-Fuc1 glycan (2151.8 m/z) and the AUC value of tetra-antennary Hex7-HexNAc6-Fuc1 glycan (2516.9 m/z) is 0.9 or higher; and
administering a therapeutic drug to said identified subject for treating gastric cancer.
US Pat. No. 10,391,185

MULTIMODAL ULTRASOUND AND PHOTOACOUSTIC CONTRAST AGENT BASED ON POLYMERIC MICROPARTICLES

Fujifilm VisualSonics, In...

1. A multimodal ultrasound and photoacoustic contrast agent, comprising for use in ultrasound and photoacoustic imaging poly(n-butyl cyanoacrylate) (PBCA) microparticles (microbubbles) having a gas core and carrying at least one photoacoustic agent in its PBCA shell that stabilizes the gas core.
US Pat. No. 10,393,748

METHOD FOR PREDICTING EFFICACY OF C-MET INHIBITOR

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method for selecting a subject suitable for the application of a c-Met inhibitor in cancer treatment, comprising:measuring the level of IL-8 in a serum sample from a patient having cancer;
determining the presence of K-RAS and B-RAF mutations in a cancer tissue sample from the patient having cancer;
measuring the level of c-Met expression in a cancer tissue sample from the patient having cancer;
selecting the patient as the subject suitable for the application of a c-Met inhibitor when the level of IL-8 in the serum sample is about 500 pg/ml or higher, no K-RAS or B-RAF mutations are found in the cancer tissue sample, and c-Met is expressed in the cancer tissue sample; and
administering the c-Met inhibitor to the selected patient.
US Pat. No. 10,392,469

EPOXY RESIN COMPOSITIONS FOR PRODUCTION OF STORAGE-STABLE COMPOSITES

Evonik Degussa GmbH, Ess...

11. A composite component, obtained from at least one fibrous carrier and at least one crosslinked epoxy resin composition, wherein said epoxy resin composition is as defined in claim 1.
US Pat. No. 10,393,750

FORMALIN-FIXED ISOTOPE-LABELED REFERENCE STANDARDS AND METHODS FOR FABRICATION AND USE THEREOF

BIOPROXIMITY, LLC, Sprin...

1. A method comprising:characterizing proteomes of a plurality of respective cell lines;
before or after the characterizing, preserving the plurality of respective cell lines by fixation so as to form multiple bio-specimen reference standards, each bio-specimen reference standard having proteins labeled with a minor stable isotope; and
after the preserving to form the bio-specimen reference standards:
selecting one of the bio-specimen reference standards for analyzing a biological sample based at least in part on the characterized proteome or a pathological comparison of the biological sample to the bio-specimen reference standards,
combining a portion of the biological sample with a portion of one of the selected bio-specimen reference standards; and
performing mass spectrometry on the combined portions of the biological sample and the selected bio-specimen reference standard,
wherein the characterizing proteomes of the plurality of respective cell lines is performed separately from the mass spectrometry of the combined portions of the biological sample and the selected bio-specimen reference standard.
US Pat. No. 10,393,751

SPECIFIC PEPTIDE BINDERS TO PROTEINS IDENTIFIED VIA SYSTEMATIC DISCOVERY, MATURATION AND EXTENSION PROCESS

ROCHE SEQUENCING SOLUTION...

1. An isolated artificial peptide binder bound to a target protein, the isolated artificial peptide binder having specific affinity for the target protein, the artificial peptide binder having at least 5 and up to 20 amino acids, the artificial peptide binder selected from a streptavidin binder comprising a sequence selected from the sequences in Tables 1 and 2; a Taq polymerase binder comprising a sequence selected from the sequences in Table 3; a binder to Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) comprising a sequence selected from the sequences in Table 4; a thrombin binder comprising a sequence selected from the sequences in Table 5; a binder to Tumor Necrosis Factor comprising a sequence selected from the sequences in Table 6; and a binder to Urokinase-type Plasminogen Activator (uPA) comprising a sequence selected from the sequences in Table 7,wherein the artificial peptide binder is one of an N-terminal tag added to a protein, a C-terminal tag added to a protein, and attached to a solid support through a covalent bond,
wherein when the artificial peptide binder is a streptavidin binder, the target protein is streptavidin,
wherein when the artificial peptide binder is a Taq polymerase binder, the target protein is Taq polymerase,
wherein when the artificial peptide binder is a Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) binder, the target protein is Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA),
wherein when the artificial peptide binder is a thrombin binder, the target protein is thrombin,
wherein when the artificial peptide binder is a binder to Tumor Necrosis Factor, the target protein is Tumor Necrosis Factor, and
wherein when the artificial peptide binder is a binder to Urokinase-type Plasminogen Activator (uPA), the target protein is Urokinase-type Plasminogen Activator (uPA).
US Pat. No. 10,392,472

BIODEGRADABLE CROSS-LINKED POLYMER AND METHODS OF PREPARING THE SAME

Shanghai Microport Medica...

1. A biodegradable cross-linked polymer for manufacturing a vascular stent, wherein the biodegradable cross-linked polymer is formed from a biodegradable polymeric material having two or more arms,wherein the biodegradable polymeric material having two or more arms is a random copolymer formed of a first monomer and a second monomer different from the first monomer, wherein the first monomer is selected from the group consisting of L-lactide, DL-lactide, glycolide, ?-caprolactone, trimethylene carbonate, p-dioxanone, and the second monomer is one or two selected from the group consisting of D-lactide, DL-lactide, glycolide, ?-caprolactone, trimethyl carbonate, salicylic acid, carbonates, amino acids and derivatives thereof, and wherein the biodegradable polymeric material having two or more arms has a number-average molecular weight of from 20,000 to 1,200,000, an intrinsic viscosity of from 0.1 to 9.0 dl/g and an elastic modulus of from 2.5 GPa to 4.5 Gpa at room temperature, and
wherein each of terminal groups on the arms of the biodegradable polymeric material having two or more arms is selected from the group consisting of hydroxyl, amino and carboxyl groups.
US Pat. No. 10,393,752

MASS SPECTROMETRY-CLEAVABLE CROSS-LINKING AGENTS

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. An MS-cleavable cross-linker for mapping intra-protein interactions in a protein, inter-protein interactions in a protein complex or a combination thereof, the MS-cleavable cross-linker comprising:two amine-reactive N-hydroxysuccinimdyl (NHS) ester groups;
a spacer arm with at least one central sulfoxide group, wherein the at least one central sulfoxide group is linked to each of the two amine-reactive N-hydroxysuccinimdyl (NHS) ester groups through at least two methylene groups; and
two symmetric collision-induced dissociation (CID) cleavable bonds on the spacer arm,
wherein each of the two CID cleavable bond is a C—S bond adjacent to the at least one central sulfoxide.
US Pat. No. 10,393,753

HUMAN EXHALED AEROSOL DROPLET BIOMARKER SYSTEM AND METHOD

University of Maryland, C...

1. A method for detecting a biomarker in exhaled breath condensate nanodroplets, comprising the steps of:noninvasively collecting exhaled breath condensate (EBC) nanodroplets from a subject by impacting said nanodroplets into a liquid medium; and
analyzing said nanodroplets utilizing immuno-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (IqPCR) to detect one or more target biomarkers in said nanodroplets.
US Pat. No. 10,391,704

METHOD TO MANUFACTURE A RAZOR HANDLE

The Gillette Company LLC,...

1. A method to manufacture a razor handle, said method comprising the steps of:a) providing a material which is formable by hand
b) forming a handle model from said moldable material by hand
c) creating a 3D point cloud from said handle model
d) creating a 3D CAD file of said 3D point cloud of said handle model
e) creating a connection point for a razor cartridge in said 3D CAD file of said handle
f) 3D printing said connection point and handle.
US Pat. No. 10,392,475

POLYAMIDE ELASTOMER, MEDICAL DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING POLYAMIDE ELASTOMER

KANEKA CORPORATION, Osak...

1. A polyamide elastomer that is a reaction product of at least components (a), (b), and (c):the component (a) being at least one compound represented by formula (1):
HOOC—R1?NH—CO—R1?nNH2  (1)where each R1 independently represents a linear saturated hydrocarbon group containing 1 or more carbon atoms; n represents a real number of 0 or greater; and when the formula contains two or more types of repeating units each containing R1, n represents a total number of the two or more types of the repeating units each containing R1, the component (a) having a number average molecular weight of 4000 or higher and 10,000 or lower;the component (b) being at least one compound represented by formula (2):
HOOC—R2—COOH  (2)where R2 represents a direct bond or a linear saturated hydrocarbon group containing 1 or more carbon atoms;the component (c) being at least one compound represented by formula (3):
H2N—R4?O—R4?mNH2  (3)where each R4 independently represents a saturated hydrocarbon group containing 1 or more carbon atoms; m represents a real number of 1 or greater; and when the formula contains two or more types of repeating units each containing R4, m represents a total number of the two or more types of the repeating units each containing R4, the component (c) having a number average molecular weight of 500 or higher and 700 or lower.
US Pat. No. 10,393,755

COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR TREATING EYE INFECTIONS AND DISEASE

University of Virginia Pa...

1. A sterile, aqueous pharmaceutical composition for topical administration to an ocular surface, the composition comprising:a peptide, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof,
wherein the peptide, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, has an amino acid sequence consisting of SEQ ID NO: 5,
wherein the C-terminus of the peptide is amidated,
wherein the N-terminus of the peptide is acetylated, and a pharmaceutically acceptable aqueous carrier,
wherein the sterile, aqueous pharmaceutical composition is suitable for topical administration to an ocular surface of a subject, and
wherein the sterile, aqueous pharmaceutical composition is free of any type of enzymatic, chemical or biochemical molecule capable of breakdown of the peptide at its termini that is sequential degradation of the peptide at a terminal end thereof in the absence of the C-terminus amidation and the N-terminus acetylation.
US Pat. No. 10,393,756

METHODS OF TREATING A SUBJECT HAVING HEART FAILURE THAT INCLUDE DETECTING LEVELS OF GALECTIN-3 AND SOLUBLE ST2

Critical Care Diagnostics...

1. A method of treating a subject having heart failure, the method comprising:(a) performing an assay to determine a level of galectin-3 in a biological sample from a subject having heart failure;
(b) comparing the level of galectin-3 in the biological sample of (a) to a reference level of galectin-3;
(c) identifying a subject having an elevated level of galectin-3 in the biological sample of (a) as compared to the reference level of galectin-3;
(d) performing an assay to determine the level of soluble ST2 in a biological sample from the identified subject;
(e) comparing the level of soluble ST2 in the biological sample of (d) to a reference level of soluble ST2; and
(f) administering a beta-adrenergic blocking agent to an identified subject having an elevated level of soluble ST2 in the biological sample of (d) as compared to the reference level of soluble ST2.
US Pat. No. 10,393,757

DIAGNOSTIC DRUG AND DIAGNOSTIC METHOD FOR ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE

DAINIPPON SUMITOMO PHARMA...

1. A method of treating a test person affected with Alzheimer's disease or having a high possibility of being affected with Alzheimer's disease in the near future comprising the steps of:(1) detecting an S38AA fragment with an anti-S38AA antibody in a sample collected from the test person,
(2) comparing the amount of S38AA fragment in the sample collected from the test person with an amount of S38AA fragment in a sample collected from a normal person,
(3) determining the test person is affected with Alzheimer's disease or has a high possibility of being affected with Alzheimer's disease in the near future when the amount of S38AA fragment in the sample from the test person is high relative to the amount of S38AA fragment in the sample from the normal person, and
(4) administering an agent capable of treating or preventing Alzheimer's disease to the test person who is determined to be affected with Alzheimer's disease or has a high possibility of being affected with Alzheimer's disease in the near future in step (3),
wherein the S38AA is a polypeptide comprising the amino acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO: 2,
wherein the S38AA fragment is a polypeptide consisting of the S38AA extra-membranous domain or a partial polypeptide thereof,
wherein the antibody is an antibody specifically recognizing an amino acid region selected from the following (a) to (c): (a) the 689-1119th amino acids of the amino acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO: 2, (b) the 399-688th amino acids of the amino acid sequence shown by SEQ ID NO: 2, and (c) an amino acid region spanning both regions (a) and (b), and
wherein the sample collected from the test person and the sample collected from the normal person are blood.
US Pat. No. 10,391,195

SUPER-ABSORBING POLYMERS WITH RAPID ABSORPTION PROPERTIES AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

Evonik Degussa GmbH, Ess...

1. A method for preparing a low cellulose content absorbent core by selecting a particulate superabsorbent polymer material for incorporating the particulate absorbent polymer material in an absorbent core containing an upper substrate layer, a lower substrate layer and also an absorption layer arranged between the upper and the lower substrate layers, wherein the absorption layer comprises the particulate absorbent polymer material and less than 0.1 g of cellulose fibres per gram of particulate absorbent polymer material, containing the steps ofA) identifying a particulate absorbent polymer material having at least one of the following properties:
i) a maximum APCi×10 sec value ?1.6 for at least one number i selected from the group of integers from 2 to 12; and/or
ii) a value ?12 for the sum total of all APCi×10 sec sec values for all numbers i from the group of integers from 2 to 12;
wherein APCi×10 sec value is defined as follows:
APCi×10 sec value=(QIi×10 sec value)2×PIi×10 sec value, where
the QIi×10 sec sec value is the value of the swell index determined i×10 seconds after adding a 0.9% by weight NaCl solution, and
the PIi×10 sec value is the value of the permeability index determined i×10 seconds after adding the 0.9% by weight NaCl solution; and
B) incorporating the particulate absorbent material in an absorbent core.
US Pat. No. 10,392,478

METHOD FOR PRODUCING WET RUBBER MASTERBATCH

TOYO TIRE CORPORATION, I...

1. A method for producing a wet rubber masterbatch containing at least a filler, a dispersing solvent and a rubber latex solution as raw materials, the method comprising :a step (I) of dispersing the filler into the dispersing solvent , and adding, at the time of the dispersing, at least one portion of the rubber latex solution to the dispersing solvent to produce a slurry solution containing the filler to which particles of the rubber latex adhere;
a step (II) of mixing the slurry solution containing the filler, to which the rubber latex particles adhere, with the rest of the rubber latex solution to produce a rubber latex solution containing the filler, to which the rubber latex particles adhere; and
a step (III) of solidifying and drying the rubber latex solution containing the filler,
wherein the filler has a ratio of the nitrogen adsorption specific surface area (N2SA) thereof to the iodine adsorption amount (IA) thereof ((N2SA)/(IA)) of 1.00 or more, and
wherein the nitrogen adsorption specific surface area (N2SA) of the filler is 100 m2/g or more.
US Pat. No. 10,393,758

METHODS FOR TREATING OR AMELIORATING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

UNIVERSIDAD DE MALAGA, M...

1. A method for treating or ameliorating multiple sclerosis, the method comprising administering to a subject in need thereof a composition comprising:(1) a protein comprising the amino acid sequence SEQ ID NO: 2; or
(2) a recombinant protein produced by a method comprising: (a) integrating an insert with the nucleotide sequence SEQ ID NO. 1 in an expression vector; (b) transforming a host with the expression vector of step (a); (c) inducing the expression of the recombinant protein; (d) extracting the recombinant protein; and optionally (e) purifying the recombinant protein; or
(3) a protein that is a soluble isoform of interferon alpha and beta receptor subunit 2 (IFNAR2.3);
such that said multiple sclerosis is treated or ameliorated.
US Pat. No. 10,391,196

PREFABRICATED ALGINATE-DRUG BANDAGES

President and Fellows of ...

1. A method of making a bandage composition, comprising:(1) providing an alginate solution comprising a therapeutic agent;
(2) adding a woven mesh to said alginate solution;
(3) molding said alginate solution comprising the woven mesh into a desired shape;
(4) inducing a cryo-organized structure by freezing and lyophilizing said molded solution; and
(5) contacting said cryo-organized structure with a crosslinking agent to yield a bandage composition, wherein said bandage composition comprises a Young's modulus of 100 kiloPascals to 10,000 kiloPascals at room temperature.
US Pat. No. 10,392,479

PLATINUM COMPLEXES AND THEIR USE IN COMPOUNDS THAT CAN BE CROSS-LINKED BY A HYDROSILYLATION REACTION

WACKER CHEMIE AG, Munich...

1. A platinum complex of the formulaR33Pt{CpR45-r-t[(CR2)nSiR1oR2p]t[SiR7sR83-s]r}  (I)
where
Cp is a cyclopentadienyl radical,
n is an integer from 1 to 8,
o is 0, 1, 2 or 3,
p is 0, 1, 2 or 3, with the proviso that o+p=3,
r is 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5,
t is 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4, with the proviso that r+t?5,
s is 0, 1 or 2,
R each is the same or different and is hydrogen or a monovalent unsubstituted or substituted hydrocarbyl radical,
R1 each is the same or different and is a monovalent unsubstituted or substituted hydrocarbyl radical which is optionally interrupted by heteroatoms,
R2 each is the same or different and is a hydrolyzable group or an oxygen-bonded siloxy radical,
R7 each is the same or different and is a monovalent, unsubstituted or substituted, aliphatically saturated hydrocarbyl radical which may be interrupted by heteroatoms, or an oxygen-bonded siloxy radical,
R8 each is the same or different and is an aliphatically unsaturated, optionally substituted radical,
R3 each is the same or different and is a monovalent, unsubstituted or substituted, aliphatically saturated hydrocarbyl radical,
R4 each is the same or different and is a hydrogen atom, SiC-bonded silyl radical or an unsubstituted or substituted hydrocarbyl radical which may be interrupted by heteroatoms.
US Pat. No. 10,393,759

METHODS OF DETERMINING A TREATMENT PROTOCOL FOR AND/OR A PROGNOSIS OF A PATIENT'S RECOVERY FROM A BRAIN INJURY

Quanterix Corporation, L...

1. A method of determining a prognosis of a patient's recovery from a brain injury comprising:(a) performing an assay on each of a plurality of blood samples obtained from the patient following the brain injury and/or plasma and/or serum derived from each of the blood samples to determine a measure of the tau protein molecule concentration in each sample,
wherein the plurality of samples are obtained from the patient over a period of time of at least about 48 hours,
wherein at least one of the plurality of samples is obtained within 12 hours of the brain injury,
wherein the assay is characterized by a limit of detection of tau protein molecules that is less than about 0.2 pg/mL; and comprises:
i. exposing a plurality of capture objects that each include a binding surface having affinity for tau protein molecules to the blood sample;
ii. immobilizing at least a portion of the tau protein molecules with respect to the plurality of capture objects such that at least some of the capture objects associate with at least one tau protein molecule and a statistically significant fraction of the capture objects do not associate with any tau protein molecules;
iii. determining a proportion of the plurality of capture objects that associated with a tau protein molecule in step ii; and
iv. determining a measure of tau protein molecule concentration in the blood sample based at least in part on the proportion determined in step iii;
(b) determining an area under a curve of a graph of the measure of the tau protein molecule concentration in the plurality of samples versus time, wherein the area is determined for the total period of time and/or a second peak in the tau protein molecule concentration; and
(c) determining a prognosis of the patient's recovery from the brain injury and/or a method of treatment based on the area under the curve determined in step (b).
US Pat. No. 10,395,807

GRAIN-ORIENTED ELECTRICAL STEEL SHEET HAVING EXCELLENT MAGNETIC CHARACTERISTICS AND COATING ADHESION

JFE STEEL CORPORATION, T...

1. A grain-oriented electrical steel sheet provided on its sheet surface with a tension-imparting type insulation coating constituted with a coating layer A formed on a steel sheet side and mainly composed of an oxide and a coating layer B formed on the coating layer A and mainly composed of glass, characterized in that a ratio R (?B/?A) of a tension ?B to a tension ?A is within a range of 1.20-4.0, wherein:the tension ?A is a tensile stress applied to the steel sheet by the coating layer A as a result of a difference between the coefficient of thermal expansion of the steel sheet and the coefficient of thermal expansion of the coating layer A, and
the tension ?B is a tensile stress applied to the steel sheet by the coating layer B as a result of a difference between the coefficient of thermal expansion of the steel sheet and the coefficient of thermal expansion of the coating layer B.
US Pat. No. 10,391,197

SILVER CONTAINING WOUND DRESSING

ConvaTec Technologies Inc...

1. A wound dressing comprising gel-forming fibres having anti-microbial activity, comprising a first fibre, which is gel-forming and substantially insoluble in water having silver (I) cations bonded thereto and discoloring on exposure to light, and a second fibre, which is gel-forming and substantially free from silver, wherein the wound dressing comprises a uniform blend of the first fibre and the second fibre, said wound dressing comprising from 0.01 to 5.0 percent by weight of silver (I) cations based on a total weight of first and second fibres, whereby discoloration of the blend on exposure to light is lessened compared with discoloration on exposure to light of a batch of the first fibre having a same average amount of the silver (I) cations present as is present in the blend.
US Pat. No. 10,392,480

CATALYST CONTAINING AMIDINE GROUPS

SIKA TECHNOLOGY AG, Baar...

1. A method of catalyzing hydrolysis or condensation or both of a polymer containing silane groups, comprising contacting a catalyst with the polymer containing silane groups, wherein:the catalyst comprises at least one amidine of the formula (I)
Y-A-Z  (I)
where
A is a divalent hydrocarbyl radical which has 2 to 30 carbon atoms and optionally contains unsaturated components and optionally ether oxygen or secondary or tertiary amine nitrogen,
Y is NR8R9 where R8 and R9 are independently an alkyl radical having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, or together are an optionally substituted alkylene radical having 4 to 10 carbon atoms, and
Z is an amidine group bonded via a nitrogen atom,
where Y and Z are separated from one another by at least two carbon atoms, and/or
at least one reaction product of at least one amidine of the formula (I) with at least one functional compound,
wherein A is not a polyoxyalkylene radical and wherein the amidine of the formula (I) does not contain any nitrogen atom which is directly bonded to an aromatic ring or is part of a heteroaromatic ring system.
US Pat. No. 10,393,760

SPECIALIZED EXCITATORY SYNAPTIC PROTEIN BIOMARKERS OF PLASMA NEURONAL EXOSOMES FOR PREDICTION AND STAGING OF ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE

1. Method of diagnosing and treatment of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) comprising(a) obtaining a venous blood sample from a human patient;
(b) extracting from the venous blood sample synaptic proteins of neuronal pentraxin 2 (NPTX2), GluA4-containing glutamate receptor (AMPA4), neurexin 2? (NRXN2?), and neuroligin 1 (NLGN1),
(c) determining neuron-derived exosome (NDE) levels for each synaptic pair of (i) NPTX2 and AMPA4 of (b) and (ii) NRXN2? and NLGN1 of (b),
(d) comparing said NDE levels of each said synaptic pair of (c) with NDE levels of synaptic pairs of (i) NPTX2 and AMPA 4 and (ii) NRXN2? and NLGN1 obtained from the same human patient at a clinically meaningful earlier point in time or obtained, from a control subject known to not have cognitive losses, and detecting a decrease in NDE levels between the compared synaptic pairs; and
(e) administering to the human patient treatment for AD.
US Pat. No. 10,391,456

ELECTROLYTE CHEMISTRY AND IMPROVED STACK PERFORMANCE IN HIGH BRINE CONCENTRATION ELECTRODIALYSIS

GAS TECHNOLOGY INSTITUTE,...

1. In an electrodialysis unit comprising an anode and a cathode, the anode and the cathode both having an electrolyte solution of a selected concentration continuously applied to both the anode and the cathode and with a membrane stack disposed between the anode and the cathode, the membrane stack comprising pairs of cationic and anionic selective membranes to segregate increasingly dilute salts streams from concentrated salts streams by acting upon a salt solution, wherein the salt solution, dilute salts streams, and concentrated salts streams are distinct and separate from the electrolyte solution and wherein the salt solution has an ion concentration and contains at least 0.5% TDS, a method for improving ion flux and energy efficiency in the stack, the method comprising at least one technique selected from the group consisting of increasing the concentration of the electrolyte solution to balance the electrolyte concentration to be similar or greater than the ion concentration of the salt solution wherein the electrolyte solution comprises sulfate anions, adding a strong base to the electrolyte solution to increase electrolyte solution pH to 9-12, and adding buffering anions to the electrolyte solution, where the electrolyte solution has a pH of 11-12.
US Pat. No. 10,392,482

FIBER-REINFORCED RESIN MOLDING MATERIAL AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREOF

Toray Industries, Inc., ...

1. A fiber-reinforced resin molding material comprising at least bundled aggregates of discontinuous reinforcing fibers and matrix resin, wherein said bundled aggregates of reinforcing fibers comprise both reinforcing fiber aggregates (A) which are formed by cutting continuous reinforcing fiber strands after fiber splitting, in which said strands are completely split into multiple bundles, and reinforcing fiber aggregates (B) having at least unsplit strand sections in which fiber splitting is incomplete, an incision originating from fiber splitting is present at least at one of both end portions of said reinforcing fiber aggregates (B), and a ratio of the weight of said reinforcing fiber aggregates (B) to the total weight of reinforcing fibers in said material is 5-50%.
US Pat. No. 10,393,762

MEANS AND METHODS FOR DIAGNOSING HEART FAILURE IN A SUBJECT

METANOMICS GMBH, Berlin ...

1. A method for diagnosing and treating heart failure in a subject comprising the steps of:a) determining, using mass spectrometry, in a sample of a subject suspected to suffer from heart failure the amount of at least one biomarker selected from the group consisting of Sphingomyelin (d18:1, C23:1), Sphingomyelin (d17:1,C24:1), and Sphingomyelin (d18:2, C23:0), wherein the sample is a blood, plasma, or serum sample;
b) comparing the amount of said at least one biomarker to a reference, whereby heart failure is diagnosed:
i) if the amount of said at least one biomarker is significantly decreased as compared to the reference when the reference is derived from a subject or group of subjects known not to suffer from heart failure or a calculated reference; or
ii) if the amount of said at least one biomarker is essentially identical to the reference when the reference is derived from a subject or group of subjects known to suffer from heart failure;
c) identifying the subject as having heart failure and in need of therapy therefor; and
d) treating the subject by administering at least one drug selected from the group consisting of: ACE inhibitors, Beta Blockers, AT-1 inhibitors, Aldosteron Antagonists, Renin Antagonists, Diuretics, Ca-Sensitizer, Digitalis Glykosides, polypeptides of the protein S100 family, and natriuretic peptides.
US Pat. No. 10,391,200

METHOD FOR IN VIVO HAIR MULTIPLICATION

HAIR SCIENCE INSTITUTE, ...

1. A cosmetic method for in vivo hair multiplication, comprising the steps of:(a) harvesting at least a part of a hair follicle in the anagen phase, said at least a part of a hair follicle comprising at least one hair follicular stem cell;
(b) after said harvesting, making at least two incisions along the longitudinal axis of said at least a part of a hair follicle;
(c) contacting said at least a part of a hair follicle of step (b) with a medium for at least 1 second; and
(d) implanting said at least a part of a hair follicle of step (c) into a recipient area of a subject;
wherein the incisions avoid the hair shaft per se, where no hair follicle material is present.
US Pat. No. 10,391,201

GENE THERAPY

OSPEDALE SAN RAFFAELE SRL...

1. A method of transducing a population of human haematopoietic stem and/or progenitor cells comprising the steps of:a) contacting the population of cells with cyclosporin A (CsA) at a concentration of about 5-50 ?M; and
b) transducing the population of cells with a HIV-1, HIV-2, FIV, BIV, EIAV, CAEV or visna lentiviral vector, wherein the vector does not comprise SIV capsid proteins;wherein transduction efficiency is increased in comparison to transduction in the absence of the CsA.
US Pat. No. 10,392,486

TRANSPARENT LAMINATE FILM

DAICEL CORPORATION, Osak...

1. A display having a surface with a maximum height of rolling circle waviness profile (WEM) in accordance with Japanese Industrial Standards (JIS) B0610 of 5 to 15 ?m and an arithmetic average roughness (Ra) of not less than 0.5 ?m.
US Pat. No. 10,392,742

BIOFINISHING SYSTEM

1. A process for biofinishing a cellulose-containing textile, comprising:(a) treating the cellulose-containing textile with a first GH45 cellulase having biofinishing activity; and
(b) treating the cellulose-containing textile with a second GH45 cellulase having biofinishing activity,
wherein the first GH45 cellulase or the second GH45 cellulase has at least 90% sequence identity to SEQ ID NO: 2, at least 90% sequence identity to amino acids 22-299 of SEQ ID NO: 4, at least 90% sequence identity to amino acids 22 to 294 of SEQ ID NO: 6 or at least 90% sequence identity to amino acids 22-293 of SEQ ID NO: 8.
US Pat. No. 10,391,205

POLYMER FOR MEDICAL DEVICE, MEDICAL DEVICE MATERIAL AND MEDICAL DEVICE PREPARED FROM THE MATERIAL, AND MONOMER COMPOSITION FOR POLYMER FOR USE IN PRODUCTION OF MEDICAL DEVICE

National University Corpo...

1. A polymer having a structural unit derived from a glycerol group-containing monomer, and a structural unit derived from an unsaturated monomer having a structure in which an organic group having a structure site having 4 or more continuously-bound carbon atoms is bound to an ethylenically unsaturated group; andsatisfying a glass-transition temperature of ?5° C. or less and/or a glass-transition temperature of ?25° C. or less at a saturated water content.
US Pat. No. 10,392,488

METHOD FOR PRODUCING EXPANDED THERMOPLASTIC ELASTOMER PARTICLES

BASF SE, (DE)

1. A process for production of expanded thermoplastic elastomer beads having an uninterrupted skin, said process comprising;a) impregnating a blowing agent into thermoplastic elastomer beads to give impregnated thermoplastic elastomer beads, the thermoplastic elastomer beads being surrounded by a gaseous medium that has an impregnating temperature Ta, wherein the absolute pressure of the gaseous medium is greater than ambient pressure, and wherein the thermoplastic elastomer beads are selected from thermoplastic polyester elastomers, thermoplastic copolyamides or thermoplastic polyurethanes, or mixtures thereof,
b) expanding the impregnated thermoplastic elastomer beads by exposing the thermoplastic elastomer beads to a pressure reduction at a first expanding temperature Tb to give expanded thermoplastic elastomer beads and
c) optionally a fusing step, wherein the expanded thermoplastic elastomer beads are fused together at a fusing temperature Tc to form at least one shaped part,
wherein the thermoplastic elastomer beads are made from amorphous thermoplastic elastomer, partly crystalline thermoplastic elastomer, or mixtures thereof, and the impregnating temperature Ta, the first expanding temperature Tb and the fusing temperature Tc each depend on the thermoplastic elastomer wherein,
i. if the thermoplastic elastomer is amorphous, the impregnating temperature Ta, the first expanding temperature Tb and the fusing temperature Tc are higher than a first limiting temperature TG-40, wherein the first limiting temperature TG-40 is 40° C. below the glass transition temperature TG according to DIN EN ISO 11357-2:2013-09 of the thermoplastic elastomer beads not being impregnated, or
ii. if the thermoplastic elastomer is partly crystalline, the impregnating temperature Ta, the first expanding temperature Tb and the fusing temperature Tc are higher than the glass transition temperature TG according to DIN EN ISO 11357-2:2013-09 of the nonimpregnated thermoplastic elastomer beads and lower than a second limiting temperature TS-5 which is 5° C. below the melting temperature TS according to DIN EN ISO 11357-3:2013-04 of the thermoplastic elastomer beads not being impregnated.
US Pat. No. 10,392,746

METHOD FOR PREVENTING SCALE FORMATION

Kemira Oyj, Helsinki (FI...

1. A method for preventing or decreasing scale formation on process surfaces in manufacturing process of paper or board, wherein pH of the process water is >7, said method comprising adding performic acid as an antiscaling agent to process water of the paper or board manufacturing process, whereby the pH value of the process water changes less than 1 pH unit after the addition of performic acid.
US Pat. No. 10,392,492

POLYPROPYLENE COMPOSITION SUITABLE FOR PRIMERLESS PAINTING

BOREALIS AG, Vienna (AT)...

1. Polypropylene composition (C), the polypropylene composition (C) comprising:(a) 40.0 to 80.0 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of a propylene copolymer (R-PP) wherein the propylene copolymer (R-PP) comprises two fractions, a first propylene copolymer fraction (R-PP1) and a second propylene copolymer fraction (R-PP2), said first propylene copolymer fraction (R-PP1) differs from said second propylene copolymer fraction (R-PP2) in the comonomer content; wherein the propylene copolymer (R-PP) having
(a1) a comonomer content in the range of 1.5 to 8.0 wt. %, and
(a2) a melt flow rate MFR2 (230° C.) measured according to ISO 1133 in the range of 5.0 to 100.0 g/10 min, and
wherein the propylene copolymer (R-PP) has:
(a3) a glass transition temperature in the range of ?12 to +2° C.; and/or
(a4) no glass transition temperature below ?20° C.; and
(b) 20.0 to 40.0 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of a mineral filler (F) being selected from the group consisting of talcum, wollastonite, kaolin, and mica,
wherein the polypropylene composition (C) has a melt flow rate MFR2 (230° C.) measured according to ISO 1133 in the range of 5.0 to 45.0 g/10 min.
US Pat. No. 10,392,493

DISPERSION SOLUTION, ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRID MATERIAL AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF

Industrial Technology Res...

1. A dispersion solution, comprising:a first solvent;
a second solvent miscible with the first solvent, wherein boiling points of the first solvent and the second solvent are different;
an inorganic nano sheet material dispersed in the first solvent, wherein the inorganic nano sheet material is an un-modified inorganic sheet material; and
a polymer dissolved in the second solvent, wherein the polymer is polyimide (PI),
wherein the inorganic nano sheet material is not dispersed in the second solvent, and the dispersion solution is a suspended emulsion and has an absorbance peak in a wavelength range of from 350 nm to 650 nm.
US Pat. No. 10,392,494

LATENT THICKENERS, RHEOLOGY CONTROL KIT AND MULTI-COMPONENT SYSTEMS

BYK-Chemie GmbH, Wesel (...

1. Rheology control kit for thickening two- or multi-component systems, comprisingat least one module A, containing
(a1) at least 80% by weight based on the weight of a solid body in module A of one or more inorganic thickeners and
(a2) at least one wetting and dispersing agent that
(a21) inhibits the thickening effect of the inorganic thickener (a1) and at least one module B, containing
(b1) at least 80% by weight based on the weight of a solid body of module B of at least one polymer that
(b 11) at least partially removes the inhibition of the thickening effect of the inorganic thickener (a1).
US Pat. No. 10,392,750

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MONITORING A WEAR STRUCTURE, IN PARTICULAR A SEALING STRUCTURE

Voith Patent GmbH, Heide...

1. A sealing assembly, comprising:a device for monitoring a sealing structure including at least one sealing element for sealing at least one negative or positive pressure zone adjoining a surface moving in a direction of movement in a machine for producing or processing a fibrous web;
at least one wear sensor associated with said at least one sealing element;
a signal transmission device for transmitting a signal from said at least one wear sensor; and
a computer system receiving the signal from said signal transmission device, said computer system being configured to carry out the following steps:
providing a time z0 at which the sealing element became operational;
providing a time z1 at which a defined first level of wear of the sealing element was reached;
providing at least one further characteristic variable describing a machine speed, operating times of the machine, stoppage times of the machine, at least one of type or quantity of products being produced, or a contact pressure of the sealing element onto the moving surface; and
predicting a remaining operating time of the sealing element from the times z0 and z1 and the at least one further characteristic variable.
US Pat. No. 10,391,725

SUCKER ROD

1. A method of making a sucker rod component comprising the steps of:providing a sucker rod material;
wherein said chosen sucker rod material is chosen from a list of sucker rod materials consisting of fiberglass and carbon fiber;
providing graphene platelets;
providing an epoxy material;
forming a plurality of strands from said sucker rod material;
coating said plurality of strands with a portion of said graphene platelets;
mixing a portion of said epoxy material with a portion of said graphene platelets;
bonding said plurality of strands together using said mix of said epoxy material and said graphene platelets; and
forming said sucker rod component from said bonded plurality of strands.
US Pat. No. 10,392,495

POLYVINYL ACETAL COMPOSITION

KURARAY CO., LTD., Kuras...

1. A composition, comprising:100 parts by mass of a polyvinyl acetal; and
30 to 70 parts by mass of a plasticizer comprising 0.5 to 100% by mass of a first plasticizer and 0 to 99.5% by mass of a second plasticizer, a total of the first plasticizer and the second plasticizer being 100% by mass,
wherein the first plasticizer comprises a hydroxyl group and is an ester compound,
wherein the second plasticizer is a compound that does not comprise a polar group selected from the group consisting of a hydroxyl group, a polyethylene oxide group having a polymerization degree of 10 or more, a polypropylene oxide group having a polymerization degree of 10 or more, a carboxyl group, and an amino group, and
wherein when the polyvinyl acetal is analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography using a column having an inner diameter of 4 mm and a length of 1 cm, the polyvinyl acetal exhibits a first peak and a second peak derived from polyvinyl acetals, the column being filled with spherical silica gel surface-modified with an octadecylsilyl group, serving as a stationary phase,
wherein the polyvinyl acetal is a mixture of polyvinyl acetal (A) and polyvinyl acetal (B) having different average amounts of remaining hydroxyl groups.
US Pat. No. 10,391,470

SOL-GEL DERIVED COMPOSITIONS

ABS Materials, Inc., Woo...

1. A sol-gel composition obtained from at least a first alkoxysilane precursor and a second alkoxysilane precursor, where at least the second alkoxysilane precursor is a bis(trialkoxysilylalkyl)benzene that is 1,4-bis(trimethoxysilylmethyl)benzene (BTB), bis(triethoxysilylethyl)benzene (BTEB), or a mixture thereof, and where the sol-gel composition is swellable to at least 1.5 times its dry volume, when placed in excess acetone.
US Pat. No. 10,392,496

POLYOLEFIN PIPE

Uponor Innovation AB, Vi...

1. A polymeric pipe formed from:a polyolefin structural polymer;
a photoinitiator in an amount of 0.02 to 3% by weight;
a co-agent in an amount of 0.02 to 10%, by weight;
an antioxidant in an amount of 0.1 to 1% by weight; and
a scavenger in an amount of 0.01 to 2% by weight;
wherein the photoinitiator is one or more of benzophenone, benzophenone substituted at the 4-position and benzophenone substituted at the 4 and 4?-position;
wherein the co-agent comprises at least one carbon-carbon double bond; and
wherein the scavenger is one of (C6-C30 alkyl)NCO, OCN(C6-C30 alkyl)NCO, cycloalkyl isocyanates, multi-functional isocyanates, oligomeric isocyanates, polymeric isocyanates, nanoparticles, or a combination thereof.
US Pat. No. 10,392,752

PAPER COMPOSITION AND PROCESS FOR MAKING THE SAME

DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES L...

1. A paper composition comprising, based on the total weight of the paper composition,a) from 15 wt. % to 70 wt. % a hiding composite,
wherein the hiding composite comprises based on the total weight of the hiding composite, from 30 wt. % to 75 wt. % pigment particles and from 25 wt. % to 70 wt. % a thermoplastic polymer,
wherein the pigment particles are hydrophobically treated by silanization, the surface tension of the pigment particles is from 0.1 to 50 mN/m, and the surface tension difference between the pigment particles and the thermoplastic polymer is less than 40 mN/m; and
b) from 30 wt. % to 85 wt. % a paper pulp.
US Pat. No. 10,392,497

RUBBER COMPOSITIONS INCLUDING SILICEOUS FILLERS

Bridgestone Corporation, ...

1. A process for making a filled rubber composition, said process comprising (a) providing filler particles that comprise oxides of silicon and bound residues of one or more compounds having the general formula YR1L where L is a group that contains at least one Si—O bond, R1 is a hydrocarbylene group, and Y is a functionality that comprises a —OH, —SH, —NHR2, —CN, —C(O)R2 or —NCO group in which R2 is H or a substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbyl group, and (b) blending(1) a polymer that comprises
(i) ethylenic unsaturation and
(ii) pendent or terminal functionality which comprises an aryl group having at least two substituents defined by the formula —OR, wherein R is H or a hydrolyzable group, or an oxidation product thereof; with
(2) said filler particles.
US Pat. No. 10,392,753

RECORDING MEDIUM

1. A recording medium, comprising:a web structure formed by web fibers and carrying microwires having a metal core of a predetermined material composition comprising a soft-magnetic amorphous metal alloy capable of providing a response signal to an oscillating magnetic field, and an insulating layer coating on said metal core;
at least one coating layer on at least one side of said web structure;
wherein said web structure comprises a layer comprising the web fibers and the microwires which have the metal core of a cross-sectional dimension not exceeding 15 ?m and length substantially not exceeding 10 mm and which are fully embedded in said layer being substantially uniformly distributed within a plane defined by said layer and arranged with a desirably high density that is higher than 1.0 per square centimeter in said layer for improving detectability of the response signals from the microwires when said recording medium is exposed to the oscillating magnetic field.
US Pat. No. 10,392,498

FIBER REINFORCED POLYPROPYLENE COMPOSITION WITH HIGH STRAIN AT BREAK

Borealis AG, Vienna (AT)...

1. A fiber reinforced composition comprising(a) 5.0 to 89.5 wt. % of a heterophasic polypropylene copolymer (HECO),
(b) 5.0 to 89.5 wt. % of a propylene polymer (PP) having a melt flow rate MFR2 at 230° C. measured according to ISO 1133 of 1-150 g/10 min,
(c) 5.0 to 65.0 wt. % of Glass fibers (GF) and
(d) 0.5 to 5.0 wt. % of a polar modified polypropylene as adhesion promoter (AP),
based on the total weight of the fiber reinforced composition, wherein
(i) the heterophasic polypropylene copolymer (HECO) having a xylene cold soluble (XCS) content in the range of 10.0 to lower than 25.0 wt. % based on the heterophasic polypropylene copolymer (HECO);
(ii) the xylene cold soluble (XCS) fraction of the heterophasic polypropylene copolymer (HECO) having a comonomer content in the range of 15.0 to 35.0 wt. %, and an intrinsic viscosity (IV) of lower than 2.0 dl/g,
wherein the weight ratio between the heterophasic polypropylene copolymer (HECO) and the propylene polymer (PP) is in the range of 1:5 to 1:1.
US Pat. No. 10,391,473

POLYMER-PROTECTED SORBENT

Electric Power Research I...

1. A sorbent for capturing a trace level chemical species, comprising:a sorbent having a single body of a predetermined geometric shape and an outer surface and comprising a plurality of sorbent particles capable of capturing a chemical species, wherein the predetermined geometric shape of said sorbent is formed by said plurality of sorbent particles; and
a polymer covering at least a portion of the outer surface of said sorbent, wherein said polymer conforms to and has a corresponding shape of the portion.
US Pat. No. 10,391,474

PROCESS FOR PREPARATION OF HYDROCARBON FUEL FROM WASTE RUBBER

Reliance Industries Limit...

1. A process for preparing hydrocarbon fuel from waste rubber; said process comprising the following steps:a. admixing, in a reaction vessel, water with said waste rubber to obtain a slurry; wherein a concentration of said waste rubber in said slurry ranges from 45% to 70 weight %;
b. charging the reaction vessel with a predetermined amount of at least one catalyst composition to obtain a mixture;
c. introducing hydrogen to said reaction vessel to attain a pressure in a range of 1 to 50 bar followed by heating said mixture for a predetermined time period, at a predetermined temperature to attain an autogenously generated pressure in a range of 70 to 300 bar to obtain a reaction mass comprising hydrocarbon fuel;
d. cooling said reaction mass to obtain a cooled reaction mass; and
e. separating said hydrocarbon fuel from said cooled reaction mass
wherein said cooled reaction mass comprises liquid hydrocarbon fuel in a range of 78 to 96 weight % and gaseous products and solid products in a range of 4 to 22 weight %.
US Pat. No. 10,392,500

COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR LIQUID MIXING ASSESSMENT

Siemens Healthcare Diagno...

1. A composition consisting of an aqueous solution of an organic dye of molecular weight in the range of about 300 to about 1,000 Dalton and a density-enhancing material wherein an amount of the density-enhancing material in the aqueous solution is sufficient to achieve a density of about 1.0 to about 1.3 g/mL and wherein the composition has a viscosity of about 3.5 to about 5.0 centipoise, wherein the organic dye isan aromatic azo dye, or
a triarlymethane dye, or is
selected from the group consisting of Erioglaucine, Ponceau S, Allura Red, Acid Red, Malachite Green, and Amaranth.
US Pat. No. 10,392,501

RUBBER MIX TO PRODUCE TYRES

BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION, ...

1. A rubber mix comprising at least one cross-linkable polymer base, a reinforcing filler, a vulcanization system, a reinforcing resin, and a dithiol chemical represented by formula (I):SH(CH2)nSH  (I),
wherein, in formula (I), n is an integer ranging from 3 to 12;
said dithiol chemical is present in the mix in a quantity ranging from 5 to 20 phr;
said reinforcing filler is present in the mix in a quantity ranging from 5 to 30 phr;
said reinforcing resin is present in the mix in a quantity ranging from 1 to 50 phr;
said reinforcing resin is a two-component resin; and
a methyl acceptor chemical of said two-component resin is added to the mix in preparation in a masterbatch mixing step and a methylene donor chemical is added to the mix in preparation together with said vulcanization system.
US Pat. No. 10,395,829

DIELECTRIC RESIN COMPOSITION FOR FILM CAPACITOR AND FILM CAPACITOR

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A dielectric resin composition for a film capacitor, the dielectric resin composition comprising:a cured mixture containing a first organic material and a second organic material, wherein
the first organic material includes at least two kinds of organic material components, each having reactive groups that cross-link with each other;
the second organic material does not have a reactive site that reacts with the first organic material and has a dielectric loss tan ? of 0.3% or less at a temperature of 125° C.; and
the mixture has a glass transition temperature of 130° C. or higher,
the first organic material is a thermosetting resin,
the second organic material is a thermoplastic resin, and
the first organic material and the second organic material are soluble in a same organic solvent.
US Pat. No. 10,391,477

MULTIMETALLIC CATALYSTS

UChicago Argonne, LLC, C...

1. A catalyst for n-butane dehydrogenation comprising:a substrate surface consisting essentially of an oxide;
a promoter comprising an oxide consisting of MOx where M is a transition metal or main group elemental and x is greater than 0, the promoter deposited on the substrate;
a catalytic material comprising a platinum group metal, a first dopant and a second dopant;
the first dopant selected from the group consisting of Group 13 cations, Group 1 cations, and Group 2 cations;
wherein the platinum group metal is between the promoter and the first dopant.
US Pat. No. 10,391,478

NOX ADSORBER CATALYST

Johnson Matthey Public Li...

1. A NOx adsorber catalyst composition comprising a support material and one or more platinum group metals disposed on the support material;wherein the one or more platinum group metals is selected from the group consisting of palladium, platinum, or a mixture or alloy of platinum and palladium;
wherein the support material comprises alumina, ceria, a ceria/zirconia mixed or composite oxide, or a magnesia/alumina mixed or composite oxide; and
wherein the support material comprises a mixed dopant NOx storage enhancer, wherein the mixed dopant NOx storage enhancer comprises a plurality of elements selected from the group consisting of scandium, yttrium, lanthanum, praseodymium, neodymium, promethium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, lutetium, beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, and radium, or metal oxides thereof; wherein the mixed dopant NOx storage enhancer is selected from a mixture of neodymium and samarium, gadolinium and praseodymium, lanthanum and samarium, lanthanum and strontium, samarium and strontium, calcium and strontium, or magnesium and strontium, or metal oxides thereof.
US Pat. No. 10,392,505

THERMOPLASTIC POLYESTER RESIN COMPOSITION AND MOLDED ARTICLE

TORAY INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. A thermoplastic polyester resin composition, comprising:a thermoplastic polyester resin (A);
a multivalent hydroxyl compound (B) having five or more hydroxyl groups in an amount of 0.1 to 10 parts by weight relative to 100 parts by weight of (A); and
a multifunctional epoxy compound (C) in an amount of 0.1 to 10 parts by weight relative to 100 parts by weight of (A),
wherein the thermoplastic polyester resin (A) is at least one member selected from the group consisting of polyethylene terephthalate, polypropylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate, polybutylene isophthalate/terephthalate copolymer, polybutylene terephthalate/decanedicarboxylate copolymer and polybutylene terephthalate/polytetramethylene glycol copolymer, and
wherein the thermoplastic polyester resin composition satisfies (i) and (ii) below:
(i) a ratio of parts by weight of the multivalent hydroxyl compound (B) having five or more hydroxyl groups to parts by weight of the multifunctional epoxy compound (C) ((parts by weight of the multivalent hydroxyl compound (B) having five or more hydroxyl groups relative to 100 parts by weight of (A))/(parts by weight of the multifunctional epoxy group (C) relative to 100 parts by weight of (A))) is 2 to 5; and
(ii) upon being molded, the thermoplastic polyester resin composition has a retention rate of tensile strength of not lower than 60%, wherein the tensile strength is measured with respect to a ? inch (approximately 3.2 mm) test piece molded in conformity with ASTM D638 (in 2005) and is determined according to the expression given below:
(tensile strength after exposure in the atmosphere at temperature of 160° C. for 4000 hours)/(initial tensile strength)×100.
US Pat. No. 10,391,480

METHODS OF PRODUCING HIERARCHICAL BETA ZEOLITES WITH TUNABLE MESOPOROSITY THROUGH PORE DIRECTING AGENT ASSISTED BASE LEACHING

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method for producing mesoporous beta zeolites comprising:providing parent beta zeolites having a molar ratio of silicon to aluminum of at least 10;
selecting a target average mesopore size between 2 nm and 8 nm for the parent beta zeolites;
selecting a pore directing agent (PDA) based on the target average mesopore size, where a small cationic surfactant is selected as the PDA when the target average mesopore size is at least 5 nm, and a large cationic surfactant is selected as the PDA when the target average mesopore size is less than 5 nm, where the large cationic surfactant has a molecular weight of greater than 100 grams/mole, and the small cationic surfactant has a molecular weight of less than 100 grams/mole;
adding the selected PDA to an alkaline solution to form a PDA-base mixture; and
adding the parent beta zeolites to the PDA-base mixture to produce the mesoporous beta zeolites having an average mesopore size corresponding to the target average mesopore size.
US Pat. No. 10,396,347

POSITIVE ELECTRODE FOR AIR BATTERY, AIR BATTERY USING THE POSITIVE ELECTRODE, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE POSITIVE ELECTRODE

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TEC...

1. A positive electrode for an air battery, comprising an expanded graphite sheet containing expanded graphite and Nb dispersed within the sheet; wherein the Nb is contained in a weight proportion of 5 ppm to 50,000 ppm with respect to the expanded graphite.
US Pat. No. 10,392,507

SILICONE ELASTOMER, COMPOSITION, AND OPTICAL COUPLING ELEMENT

1. An optical coupling element, comprising:a molded silicone elastomer comprising a plasticizer component formed by or containing oil or an oil blend, wherein the oil or at least one oil of the oil blend has a viscosity that is equal to or less than 350 mm2/s, and/or being produced out of a composition comprising a silicone rubber component, a cross-linking component, a cross-linking catalyst and the plasticizer component, the silicone elastomer being capable of being manually handled, wherein the optical coupling element is arranged between a sensor and the inside of a vehicle window pane.
US Pat. No. 10,392,252

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HIGH MASS CONCENTRATION NANO PARTICLE GENERATION

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A furnace tube for generating nano particles comprising:a. a vaporization chamber, the vaporization chamber having an input end and an output end,
b. a heating element in proximity to said furnace tube, the heating element capable of heating bulk materials contained within a gas flow in the vaporization chamber to a temperature sufficient to convert the bulk materials to a vapor phase,
c. a dilution chamber having an input end, a cup receiver and an output end, the output end of the vaporization chamber in communication with the input end of the dilution chamber,
d. wherein the cup receiver has a cup receiver outlet at the outlet end and wherein the dilution chamber further comprises a dilution gas port disposed at the outlet end of the dilution chamber that is separate from the outlet of the cup receiver.
US Pat. No. 10,392,509

HIGH-GRADE ASPHALT COMPOSITION HAVING WATERPROOF FUNCTION AND CONSTRUCTION METHOD USING THE SAME

KOREA ROAD TECHNOLOGY CO....

1. A high-grade asphalt composition to repair road and bridge deck pavements, comprising:100 parts by weight of an asphalt mixture comprising 70-80 wt. % of a petroleum-based asphalt and 20-30 wt. % of a natural asphalt, the natural asphalt comprising at least one of Trinidad lake asphalt and Trinidad epure asphalt;
40-80 parts by weight of styrene-isoprene-styrene;
20-60 parts by weight of a polymer resin, the polymer resin comprising at least one selected from among a polyester, a thermoplastic polyurethane elastomer, a methyl methacrylate, a polyamide, and mixtures thereof;
10-50 parts by weight of an anti-rutting agent, the anti-rutting agent comprising a polyethylene, an ethylene vinyl acetate, a polybutene, a high-impact polystyrene, a polypropylene, or a mixture of two or more thereof;
2-15 parts by weight of a filler, the filler comprising at least one of the following: bentonite, barium sulfate and aluminum hydroxide;
5-30 parts by weight of ceramic nanoparticles, the ceramic nanoparticles comprising silicon carbide, alumina, silica, zirconia-silica, ZnO, and TiO2;
5-10 parts by weight of a binder, the binder comprising petroleum-based resin, phenolic resin or a mixture thereof;
3-15 parts by weight of an antioxidant, the antioxidant being a bisphenol-, monophenol- or sulfur-based antioxidant;
1-10 parts by weight of a stabilizer, the stabilizer comprising acrylic polyol resin, non-yellowing polyurea resin, polyisocyanate, or a mixture of two or more thereof;
5-20 parts by weight of a fiber, the fiber comprising any one or a mixture of two or more selected from among asbestos, rock wool, polypropylene, polyester, natural cellulose fibers and mineral fibers; and
2-20 parts by weight of an adhesion promoter, the adhesion promoter comprising hydroxyethyl acryloyl phosphate, hydroxyethyl methacrylate phosphate, or a mixture thereof.
US Pat. No. 10,392,510

MODIFIED ASPHALT WITH GELATINOUS CARRIER MATERIAL

1. A method for making a modified asphalt material, comprising the steps of:(a) mixing a modifier material with asphalt to form an asphalt mixture;
(b) mixing a gelatinous carrier material with an acidic activator material at an initial temperature of 60-85° C. to form a solid crosslinking agent, wherein said gelatinous material:
i. is derived from one of an animal material and agricultural product having a specific gravity in the vicinity of 0.79 grams per centimeter squared; and
ii. is 35-65% by weight of said acidic activator material; and
(c) mixing said solid crosslinking agent with said asphalt mixture to produce a modified asphalt material which has improved rheological, separation and solubility characteristics.
US Pat. No. 10,391,485

MICROFLUIDIC ELECTROCAGE DEVICE AND CELL MEDIUM FOR TRAPPING AND ROTATING CELLS FOR LIVE-CELL COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT)

ARIZONA BOARD OF REGENTS,...

1. A method of fabricating a microfluidic device useable to perform live cell computed tomography imaging, the method comprising:(a) cleaning a first wafer and a second wafer;
(b) depositing at least one metal layer on each of the first wafer and the second wafer;
(c) depositing a positive photoresist layer over the deposited at least one metal layer of each of the first wafer and the second wafer;
(d) impinging UV light on portions of the positive photoresist layer of each of the first wafer and the second wafer to pattern the positive photoresist layer, and applying a first developer solution to wash away UV light-impinged portions of the positive photoresist layer, thereby defining recesses in the positive photoresist layer that expose regions of the at least one metal layer on each of the first wafer and the second wafer;
(e) wet etching the exposed regions of the least one metal layer on each of the first wafer and the second wafer to pattern the at least one metal layer;
(f) removing the positive photoresist layer of each of the first wafer and the second wafer;
(g) defining at least one aperture through the first wafer, whereby after such at least one aperture is defined, a microfluidic device cover portion is obtained;
(h) coating the second wafer with first negative photoresist to cover the patterned at least one metal layer;
(i) impinging UV light on portions of the first negative photoresist coating the second wafer to pattern the first negative photoresist, and applying a second developer solution to wash away portions of the first negative photoresist not impinged by UV light, thereby producing recesses in the first negative photoresist that expose regions of the at least one metal layer on the second wafer, to form a microfluidic device base portion; and
(j) applying a UV curable bonding agent to at least one of the microfluidic device cover portion or the microfluidic device base portion, arranging the microfluidic device cover portion and the microfluidic device base portion with the UV curable bonding agent in contact therebetween, and curing the UV curable bonding agent by impingement of UV light to accomplish joining between the microfluidic device cover portion and the microfluidic device base portion;
wherein the resulting microfluidic device includes at least one cavity bounded by (i) patterned portions of the first negative photoresist, (ii) an exposed region of the at least one metal layer on the first wafer, and (iii) an exposed region of the at least one metal layer on the second wafer, and wherein the exposed region of the at least one metal layer on the first wafer and the exposed region of the at least one metal layer on the second wafer are configured as electrodes to provide electrocage utility.
US Pat. No. 10,392,254

CARBON FILM AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

ZEON CORPORATION, Chiyod...

1. A carbon film, comprising:a plurality of fibrous carbon nanostructures; and a conductive carbon, wherein
the plurality of fibrous carbon nanostructures has a BET specific surface area of 500 m2/g or more, and
the plurality of fibrous carbon nanostructures and the conductive carbon are in contact and are not physically fused.
US Pat. No. 10,391,742

STEEL FOR CARBURIZING, CARBURIZED STEEL COMPONENT, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...

1. A steel for a carburizing comprising as a chemical composition, by mass %,C: 0.07% to 0.13%,
Si: 0.0001% to 0.50%,
Mn: 0.0001% to 0.80%,
S: 0.0001% to 0.100%,
Cr: more than 1.30% to 5.00%,
B: 0.0005% to 0.0100%,
Al: 0.105% to 0.200%,
N: 0.0030% to 0.0100%,
Ti: limited to 0.020% or less,
P: limited to 0.050% or less,
O: limited to 0.0030% or less, and
a balance consisting of iron and unavoidable impurities, wherein:
amounts expressed in mass % of each element in the chemical composition satisfy simultaneously a following Equation 1 as a hardness parameter, a following Equation 2 as a hardenability parameter, and a following Equation 3 as an AlN precipitation parameter;
a shape is a bar or a wire rod in which a cross section perpendicular to a longitudinal direction is round; and
when a distance from a periphery to a center of the cross section is defined as r in unit of mm, in a metallographic structure of a surface layer which is a portion from the periphery to r×0.01, a ferrite and a pearlite are limited before spheroidizing annealing, by area %, to 10% or less in total, and a balance includes at least one of martensite, bainite, tempered martensite, tempered bainite, and cementites,
0.10 7.5<(0.7×Si+1)×(5.1×Mn+1)×(2.16×Cr+1)<44  (Equation 2)
0.0003 the hardness at a position at a depth which is ¼ of a diameter of the cross section from the periphery of the steel for carburizing measured before spheroidizing annealing is HV 125 or less.
US Pat. No. 10,391,743

MULTILAYER STRUCTURE, PACKAGING MATERIAL INCLUDING THE SAME, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAID MULTILAYER STRUCTURE

KURRAY CO., LTD., Kurash...

1. A multilayer structure comprising a layered product and a layer (H) stacked on the layered product, whereinthe layered product comprises a base (X), a layer (Z) comprising an aluminum atom, and a layer (Y) comprising a compound (A) comprising a phosphorus atom,
the layer (H) comprises a thermoplastic resin (U),
the thermoplastic resin (U) is a polymer comprising an ?-olefin unit,
the layer (Z) comprises a layer (Z1) comprising a reaction product (E),
the reaction product (E) is a reaction product formed by a reaction between a metal oxide (C) comprising an aluminum atom and a phosphorus compound (D), and
in an infrared absorption spectrum of the layer (Z1), a maximum absorption wavenumber in a region of 800 to 1,400 cm?1 is 1,080 to 1,130 cm?1.
US Pat. No. 10,392,513

SPRAY-DRIED DYE COMPOSITIONS, PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION AND USE THEREOF

Sensient Imaging Technolo...

1. A process for the production of spray-dried dye compositions comprising water-soluble functional dyes incorporated in an organosilane-based silicon dioxide matrix with bleeding rates of ?0.5%, comprising the steps of:a) producing a silicon dioxide sol by weak acid hydrolysis of alkoxysilanes (organosilanes) in an aqueous organic solvent mixture at a pH of 5 to 6.5, wherein hydrolysis is effected by an aqueous acidic ion exchanger and producing the silicon dioxide sol is performed for 48 hours;
b) adding a water-soluble dye;
c) gelling by spray-drying the dyed sol to provide resulting compositions, and
d) temperature treating the resulting compositions for 5 to 48 hours at a temperature above 50° C.,wherein the bleeding rate of the dye compositions is measured by contacting a 0.1% aqueous solution of nonylphenol ethoxylate for at least 1 hour with stirring at room temperature.
US Pat. No. 10,395,841

MULTILAYERED ELECTRODE AND FILM ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORP...

1. An multilayered electrode comprising an electro-conductive layer and at least one protective layer located on one side of the electro-conductive layer and selected from the list comprising a field-planarization layer configured to minimize electric field enhancement due to geometric curvature on a surface of the electro-conductive layer, a tunneling injection blocking layer including a wide-band gap organic insulating material, a coulomb blocking layer including electron traps, and any combination of two or more of these.
US Pat. No. 10,391,744

LAMINATED GLAZING FOR SOLAR CONTROL

AGC GLASS EUROPE, Louvai...

1. A laminated glazing comprising a transparent substrate coated with an infrared-reflecting layer, wherein:the substrate is a glass the composition of which has a redox lower than 15%, and the glass has an infrared reflection RIRV between 780 and 2500 nm such that RIRV?1.087*TLV, TLV being the light transmission of the glass between 380 and 780 nm, and
the infrared-reflecting layer has a light transmission TLC between 380 and 780 nm such that TLC?1.3*TIRC, TIRC being the infrared transmission of the layer between 780 and 2500 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,397,867

METHOD OF OPERATING USER EQUIPMENT FOR PUBLIC SAFETY MODE AND METHOD OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATION USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of operating a user equipment, comprising:setting a mode of a user equipment to a public safety mode;
changing a state of the user equipment to an idle state when the user equipment is in the public safety mode;
temporarily changing the state of the user equipment from the idle state to a partial wakeup state during operation of the user equipment in the public safety mode;
performing a public safety carrier searching for device-to-device (D2D) communication between the user equipment and a neighboring equipment within a communicative range during the partial wakeup state; and
transmitting a synchronization channel signal by the user equipment for synchronization of the D2D communication during the partial wakeup state.

US Pat. No. 10,397,854

SEARCH SPACE MONITORING

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method for monitoring search spaces, the method being performed by a wireless device, the method comprising:receiving an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) symbol in a downlink slot, wherein a first part of the OFDM symbol is included in a device-specific search space and a second part of the OFDM symbol in a common search space;
monitoring the first part of the OFDM symbol for at least one device-specific reference signal; and
monitoring the second part of the OFDM symbol for at least one non-device-specific reference signal.

US Pat. No. 10,397,837

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PERFORMING SESSION HANDOVER IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for performing session handover by a first device in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:establishing an application service platform (ASP) session with a second device through a first connection method;
transmitting, to the second device, a session handover request message;
receiving, from the second device, a session handover response message,
wherein the session handover request message and the session handover response message are exchanged based on the first connection method, and
wherein when the session handover response message is received from the second device, the established ASP session is handed over through a second connection method,
transmitting, to the second device, a session handover confirm message based on the second connection method,
wherein the first connection method is different from the second connection method, and
wherein each of the first and the second connection method is one of a peer-to-peer (P2P) connection method and a WLAN infrastructure connection method.

US Pat. No. 10,397,730

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PROVIDING VIRTUAL SURROUND SOUND ON HEADPHONES

GLOBAL DELIGHT TECHNOLOGI...

10. An apparatus (301) comprising:a plurality of audio filters (302) configured for filtering an audio input to extract a plurality of elements present in the audio input, wherein the plurality of audio filters (302) further comprising:
frequency filters (302-1, 302-2) configured for filtering frequency components from the audio input to which a human auditory system is sensitive;
lower-mid frequency filters (302-3, 302-4) configured for filtering lower-mid frequency components from the audio input;
high frequency filter (302-5) configured for filtering high frequency components from the audio input; and
low frequency filter (302-6) configured for filtering low frequency components from the audio input;
a plurality of Head Related Transfer Function (HRTF) filters (303) configured for applying spatial cues to each of the extracted plurality of elements for a determined layout of a plurality of virtual speakers;
the plurality of HRTF filters (303) configured for combining the frequency components extracted by the audio filters (302-1, 302-2);
a plurality of tuning engines (304) configured for tuning output of the plurality of HRTF filters (303);
a three-dimensional (3D) audio mixer (305) configured for mixing the tuned output of the plurality of tuning engines (304); and
the three-dimensional (3D) audio mixer (305) configured for rendering the mixed tuned output on a left and right channel of the headphone (301).

US Pat. No. 10,397,729

LOCALIZING BINAURAL SOUND TO OBJECTS

1. A method comprising:playing sound to a listener so the sound externally localizes to a physical object proximate to the listener by:
receiving, at one or more electronic devices, a location of the physical object that is not an electronic device and is away from but proximate to the listener;
processing, with a processor in the one or more electronic devices, the sound to change the sound into binaural sound and to move an origin of the binaural sound to emanate from the physical object that is not an electronic device while the listener listens to the binaural sound; and
providing, with a wearable electronic device (WED) worn by the listener, the binaural sound that emanates from the physical object that is not an electronic device while the listener listens to the binaural sound.

US Pat. No. 10,397,728

DIFFERENTIAL HEADTRACKING APPARATUS

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. A method comprising:determining a first absolute orientation value of a head of a user using a head mounted orientation sensor;
determining a second absolute orientation value of a body part of the user using a body located sensor; and
controlling a three dimensional (3D) audio reproduction, wherein controlling the 3D audio reproduction comprises spatially processing at least one audio signal based on the first absolute orientation value and the second absolute orientation value, wherein spatially processing at least one audio signal comprises:
determining at least one first filter based on a difference value defined by a difference between the first absolute orientation value and the second absolute orientation value;
determining at least one second filter based on the first absolute orientation value; and
combining a first output signal generated as a result of application of the at least one first filter to the at least one audio signal and a second output signal generated as a result of application of the at least one second filter to the at least one audio signal to generate at least one spatially processed audio signal.

US Pat. No. 10,397,726

METHOD, APPARATUS, AND COMPUTER-READABLE MEDIA FOR FOCUSING SOUND SIGNALS IN A SHARED 3D SPACE

Nureva, Inc., (CA)

1. A method of real-time, low-latency sound source location targeting in the presence of reverb and ambient noise signals in a shared three-dimensional space, comprising:predefining, in the shared three-dimensional space, a three-dimensional coordinate grid of a plurality of virtual-microphone locations, each of which is related to a plurality of physical microphones in the shared three-dimensional space, so as to define, for each virtual-microphone location, delay and weight factors with respect to each related physical microphone in the shared three-dimensional space;
at least one processor core provided for each physical microphone, for parallel-process-calculating, for each physical microphone with respect to each virtual microphone location, sound source location by:
fetching from memory the delay factor for each virtual microphone location with respect to the corresponding physical microphone;
fetching from memory the weight factors for each virtual microphone location with respect to the corresponding physical microphone;
fetching from memory at least one sound source signal from the corresponding physical microphone in the shared three-dimensional space;
using at least one delay line to process the fetched at least one sound source signal from the corresponding physical microphone using the fetched delay factor to produce a delayed sound source signal for each virtual microphone location; and
multiplying the delayed sound source signal by the fetched weight factor for each virtual microphone to produce a delayed and weighted sound source signal for each virtual microphone for the corresponding physical microphone;
summing the delayed and weighted sound source signals from all of the processor cores to provide a summed total signal corresponding to each virtual microphone location;
measuring the energy of the summed total signal for each virtual microphone location;
determining, from the measured energy of each summed signal, a three-dimensional grid coordinate location for each sound source with respect to each virtual microphone location in the shared three-dimensional space; and
outputting, in real-time, the determined three-dimensional grid location coordinates and signal strengths of all of the sound sources in the shared three-dimensional space.

US Pat. No. 10,397,725

APPLYING DIRECTIONALITY TO AUDIO

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A system for creating a perception of directionality to an audio signal, the system comprising:a processor with an associated memory, the associated memory containing instructions, which when executed cause the processor to:
identify an audio signal and an orientation to be applied to the audio signal;
calculate intermediate values to reduce the dimensions of the audio signal and orientation, wherein intermediate values are calculated from components of a principle component analysis (PCA) of a sparse data set of audio inputs and wherein the sparse data set is augmented by applying a blurring function to the sparse data set prior to performing the principle component analysis;
provide the intermediate values into a neural network, to produce a first and second orienting audio outputs; and
provide the first orienting audio output to a first speaker and the second orienting audio output to a second speaker.

US Pat. No. 10,397,724

MODIFYING AN APPARENT ELEVATION OF A SOUND SOURCE UTILIZING SECOND-ORDER FILTER SECTIONS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method comprising:determining an actual elevation of a sound source, wherein the actual elevation is indicative of a first location at which the sound source is physically located relative to a first listening reference point;
determining a desired elevation for a portion of an audio signal, wherein the desired elevation is indicative of a second location at which the portion of the audio signal is perceived to be physically located relative to the first listening reference point, and the desired elevation is different from the actual elevation; and
based on the actual elevation, the desired elevation, and the first listening reference point, modifying the audio signal by:
generating a digital filter based on information relating to different individual filters, wherein the information relating to different individual filters comprises parametric values defining a number of parametric equalizers (PEQs) that characterize the different individual filters based on Head-Related Transfer Functions (HRTFs) corresponding to the actual elevation and the desired elevation; and
filtering the portion of the audio signal during the reproduction of the audio signal via the digital filter that increases accuracy in apparent elevation change and reduces spectral coloration, such that the portion of the audio signal is perceived to be physically located at the desired elevation during reproduction of the audio signal via the sound source.

US Pat. No. 10,397,723

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF PROCESSING DATA, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A data processing apparatus comprising:circuitry configured to,
obtain sound data based on a plurality of sound signals respectively output from a plurality of microphones,
receive a user instruction for enhancing directivity of sensitivity characteristics of at least one of the plurality of microphones in a specific direction,
generate sound data having the directivity in the specific direction, based on the obtained sound data, and
store, in a memory, the sound data having the directivity in the specific direction in association with a plurality of images captured with an image capturing device and information indicating an inclination angle of the image capturing device relative to a reference direction, the image capturing device including a plurality of imaging devices.

US Pat. No. 10,397,722

DISTRIBUTED AUDIO CAPTURE AND MIXING

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. Apparatus comprising:at least one processor, and
at least one non-transitory memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, causes the apparatus at least to:
receive a spatial audio signal associated with a microphone array configured to provide spatial audio capture and at least one additional audio signal associated with an additional microphone, the at least one additional audio signal having been delayed with a variable delay determined such that the spatial audio signal and the at least one additional audio signal are time aligned;
receive a relative position between a first position associated with the microphone array and a second position associated with the additional microphone;
generate at least two output audio channel signals with processing and mixing the spatial audio signal and the at least one additional audio signal based on the relative position between the first position and the second position such that the at least two output audio channel signals present an augmented audio scene.

US Pat. No. 10,397,571

CODING DEVICE AND DECODING DEVICE WHICH ALLOW ENCODING OF NON-SQUARE BLOCKS

KDDI CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An encoding device comprising:a mode selection processor configured to determine a block division type and an intra prediction mode of each divided block on the basis of an input image to be encoded and encoded pixels;
a square intra prediction processor configured to apply square intra prediction to obtain a predictive value when the determined block is square;
a non-square intra prediction processor configured to apply non-square intra prediction to obtain a predictive value when the determined block is non-square;
a differential processor configured to obtain a prediction residual which is a difference between the predictive value and a corresponding input image to be encoded;
a squaring processor configured to rearrange prediction residuals obtained when the determined block is non-square into a square format;
a transformation processor configured to apply orthogonal transformation to the prediction residuals rearranged into the square format or prediction residuals obtained when the determined block is square to obtain transform coefficients;
a quantization processor configured to quantize the transform coefficients to obtain level values;
an entropy encoding processor configured to encode the level values, the determined block division type, and the determined intra prediction mode of each divided block;
an inverse quantization/inverse transformation processor configured to inversely quantize and inversely transform the level values to obtain reconstructed prediction residuals;
a non-squaring processor configured to rearrange a block of the reconstructed prediction residuals into a non-square format when the block of the reconstructed prediction residuals corresponds to the non-square format; and
an addition processor configured to add the predictive value to the reconstructed prediction residuals rearranged into the non-square format or the reconstructed prediction residuals obtained when the determined block is square to reconstruct the encoded pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,397,535

OPTICAL MICRO-PROJECTION SYSTEM AND PROJECTION METHOD

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A system comprising:a photodiode to receive a reflection of a light beam emitted by a light source onto a projection field;
a processor coupled to the photodiode and the light source; and
a memory coupled to the processor, the memory comprising instructions that when executed by the processor cause the processor to:
receive, from the photodiode, an indication of the reflection of the emitted light beam;
detect, based on the reflection, an object proximate to the projection field;
determine a distance between the light source and the object at a plurality of points on the object;
determine a volume of the object based at least in part on the determined distances; and
cause the light source to emit the light beam to project an image around the object.

US Pat. No. 10,397,227

TRANSACTION SECURITY SYSTEMS AND METHODS

CUPP Computing AS, Olso ...

1. A method comprising:detecting that a secure transaction device has been coupled to a host system, the host system having a plurality of applications and a first network interface for communicating with a network, the secure transaction device having a second network interface different than the first network interface;
configuring the secure transaction device with network parameters specific to the host system to which the secure transaction device has been coupled, so that when network traffic is communicated via the second network interface the secure transaction device mimics the host system and renders the secure transaction device transparent to the network;
receiving a request from a particular application of the plurality of applications to access a network resource on the network, the network resource being remote from the host system and from the secure transaction device;
if the network resource is an unsecured network resource, then allowing the host system to communicate with the unsecured network resource via the first network interface without requiring the host system to communicate with the unsecured network resource via the second network interface;
if the network resource is a secured network resource, then
configuring the host system to redirect all network traffic to the secure transaction device so that the secure transaction device can manage all the network traffic through the second network interface, thereby preventing the plurality of applications from accessing the network via the first network interface without requiring the host system to communicate with the unsecured network resource via the second network interface;
using a security policy to authenticate the particular application of the plurality of applications as a trusted application authorized to access the secured network resource on the network;
establishing a secure tunnel via the second network interface to the secured network resource on the network;
allowing the trusted application to use the secure tunnel to access the secured network resource; and
preventing untrusted applications of the plurality of applications from accessing the secure tunnel.

US Pat. No. 10,397,187

BLOCKING AUTOMATED ATTACKS WITH FORCED USER INTERACTION

SHAPE SECURITY, INC., Mo...

1. A method comprising:obtaining an API function associated with a service provided by a supporting server computer system;
generating a modified API function corresponding to the API function that also requires a unique end-point identifier (UEIN) argument;
managing UEIN data for a plurality of UEINs, each UEIN of the plurality of UEINs associated with a specific computing device of a plurality of authorized computing devices;
receiving, from a first computing device, a first modified API call corresponding to the modified API function, the first modified API call comprising a first UEIN associated with a first authorized computing device of the plurality of authorized computing devices;
verifying that the first computing device corresponding to the first modified API call is the first authorized computing device associated with the first UEIN;
in response to verifying that the first computing device is the first verified computing device, forwarding the first modified API call to the supporting server computer system by making a first API call corresponding to the API function to the supporting server computer system;
wherein the method is performed by one or more computing devices.

US Pat. No. 10,397,146

MONITORING INSTANT MESSAGING USAGE

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:selecting a participant in an instant messaging session between a plurality of participants;
weighting an identified attribute of the instant messaging session;
weighting an identified attribute of the selected participant; and
determining, based upon the weighted attributes of the instant messaging session and the selected participant, an instant messaging usage metric for the selected participant.

US Pat. No. 10,397,008

MANAGEMENT OF SECRET DATA ITEMS USED FOR SERVER AUTHENTICATION

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:providing a zone trusted information device that includes a universal serial bus (USB) connector, a processor, a data storage device and zone trusted information software;
connecting, in data communication, a computer device to a data communication network;
connecting, in data communication, the computer device to the zone trusted information device through the USB connector of the zone trusted information device;
establishing, over the data communication network between a remote server and the zone trusted information software running on the processor of the zone trusted information device, a direct secure sockets layer (SSL) data communication connection;
receiving, through the direct SSL data communication connection, from the remote server and by the zone trusted information software running on the processor of the zone trusted information device, a backup of server keys to a set of application(s) running on an untrusted platform; and
storing the backup of server keys to the set of application(s) running on the untrusted platform in the data storage device of the zone trusted information device.

US Pat. No. 10,396,997

CONTAINER-BASED OPERATING SYSTEM AND METHOD

International Business Ma...

1. A distributed network hosting a shared pool of configurable computing resources suitable for hosting one or more system instances of a blockchain having a public ledger that records transactions in the blockchain, the distributed network comprising: one or more processors;one or more data storage devices coupled to the one or more processors, and one or more system instances, wherein each system instance comprises a virtual machine and a set of containers operated by the one or more processors, wherein the containers are operable to run on the virtual machine and each container comprises a blockchain subsystem operable to run the blockchain on the containers, wherein the blockchain is defined such that the containers of the set are the members of the blockchain and the public ledger records encrypted copies of information corresponding to each container of the set, the public ledger stored in the one or more data storage devices, at least one container of the set to perform a check to determine whether another container in the distributed network also belongs to the set by referencing the information in the public ledger, the information in the public ledger to create a system boundary for the set of containers, preventing undesired interaction with other containers that are not in the set.

US Pat. No. 10,396,964

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING FEEDBACK INFORMATION IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM USING MULTIPLE ANTENNAS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method in a mobile communication system, the method comprising:transmitting a configuration message including report mode information, a first channel status indication reference signal (CSI-RS) resource configuration, and a second CSI-RS resource configuration; and
receiving a feedback message including a channel quality indicator (CQI),
wherein a rank indicator and a precoding matrix indicator are included in the feedback message based on the report mode information,
wherein the CQI is generated using both of the first CSI-RS resource configuration and the second CSI-RS resource configuration in case that the configuration message includes a type of multiple input multiple output (MIMO), and
wherein a number of antenna ports associated with the CQI is determined based on a number of antenna ports associated with the first CSI-RS resource configuration and a number of antenna ports associated with the second CSI-RS resource configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,396,950

TRANSMISSION METHOD, RECEPTION METHOD, TRANSMITTER, AND RECEIVER

SUN PATENT TRUST, New Yo...

3. A transmission system comprising: a signal processor; a first transmitter; a second transmitter; a third transmitter; and a fourth transmitter,the signal processor, in operation, generates first data symbols and second data symbols from transmission data;
the signal processor, in operation, applies a phase rotation to the second data symbols, an angle of the phase rotation being incremented by constant value per every data symbol;
the signal processor, in operation, generates first pilot symbols and second pilot symbols;
the signal processor, in operation, generates a first OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) symbol including the first data symbols and the first pilot symbols;
the signal processor, in operation, generates a second OFDM symbol including the phase rotated second data symbols and the second pilot symbols;
the first transmitter, in operation, applies a first phase changing process to the first OFDM symbol;
the first transmitter, in operation, transmits the first OFDM symbol to which the first phase changing process is applied from a first antenna;
the second transmitter, in operation, applies a second phase changing process to the second OFDM symbol;
the second transmitter, in operation, transmits the second OFDM symbol to which the second phase changing process is applied from a second antenna;
the third transmitter, in operation, applies a third phase changing process to the first OFDM symbol;
the third transmitter, in operation, transmits the first OFDM symbol to which the third phase changing process is applied from a third antenna;
the fourth transmitter, in operation, applies a fourth phase changing process to the second OFDM symbol; and
the fourth transmitter, in operation, transmits the second OFDM symbol to which the fourth phase changing process is applied from a fourth antenna, wherein
the first phase changing process is different from the third phase changing process, and
the second phase changing process is different from the fourth phase changing process.

US Pat. No. 10,396,893

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING PROPAGATION DELAY

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A method for determining a propagation delay between a first transceiver and a second transceiver, the method performed by the first transceiver, comprising:transmitting a message to the second transceiver over a first optical fiber,
receiving on the first optical fiber a reply message from the second transceiver including an indication of an internal time for the second transceiver to transmit the reply message, wherein the internal time includes at least part of a time difference between time the second transceiver received the message and time the second transceiver transmitted the reply message;
determining a time interval from the time the message was transmitted to the time the first transceiver received the reply message;
repeating the transmitting, receiving and determining steps to determine the time interval and internal time for several samples;
calculating the propagation delay from the time interval and the internal time for each sample, and calculating an average propagation delay;
configuring the first transceiver to receive data traffic from the second transceiver on a second optical fiber; and
synchronizing the first transceiver and the second transceiver using the calculated propagation delay, wherein synchronizing comprises one of:
adjusting an internal clock of the first transceiver using the calculated average propagation delay and the indication of the internal time, and
transmitting an instruction to the second transceiver to adjust an internal clock associated with the second transceiver using the calculated average propagation delay and an indication of the internal time.

US Pat. No. 10,396,889

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION UNIT, INTEGRATED CIRCUIT, SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COMPENSATING FOR IONOSPHERIC GROUP DELAY

AIRBUS DS GMBH, Taufkirc...

1. A wireless communication unit for compensating for Ionospheric group delay in a satellite communication system, the wireless communication unit comprising:a receiver configured to receive only one single carrier frequency signal supporting a multi-carrier signal from a satellite; and
a processor coupled to the receiver and configured to:
process the single carrier frequency signal to produce a plurality of digital representations of individual carriers of the multi-carrier signal, wherein the processor being configured to process the single carrier frequency signal to produce a plurality of digital representations of individual carriers of the multi-carrier signal comprises the processor being configured to perform a phase evaluation of the multi-carrier signal to determine phases of the plurality of carrier signals of the multi-carrier signal;
detect a cycle slip for each of the plurality of the carrier signals of the multi-carrier signal and provide a cycle slip correction of the respective phases of the plurality of carrier signals of the multi-carrier signal;
estimate, from the plurality of digital representations of individual carriers of the multi-carrier signal, a Total Electron Content, TEC, value associated with a communication path between the satellite and the wireless communication unit through Earth's Ionosphere;
perform a frequency discriminator estimation of each of the cycle slip corrections of the respective phases and average a plurality of discriminator estimation combinations for the carrier signals to produce a TEC estimate value; and
apply compensation for Ionospheric group delay subjected to the multi-carrier signal based on the estimated TEC value.

US Pat. No. 10,396,886

RELAY DEVICE REWRITING A DESTINATION ADDRESS BASED ON CONFIGURATION OF A MULTI-HOP NETWORK

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A relay device comprising:a reception unit implemented by circuitry and configured to receive a wireless frame transmitted between a plurality of communication devices forming a wireless multi-hop network;
a collection unit implemented by the circuitry and configured to collect configuration information indicating a configuration of the wireless multi-hop network from the communication devices;
a determination unit implemented by the circuitry and configured to determine whether to relay the wireless frame on the basis of the configuration information;
a rewriting unit implemented by the circuitry and configured to, in response to the wireless frame being relayed, rewrite a transmission destination address of the wireless frame to an address of the communication device of a relay destination specified on the basis of the configuration information, and rewrite a transmission source address of the wireless frame to an address of the own device; and
a transmission unit implemented by the circuitry and configured to transmit the wireless frame rewritten by the rewriting unit, wherein
the determination unit determines a first transmission source address and a first transmission destination address associated with the first transmission source address on the basis of a plurality of pieces of configuration information, and in response to the transmission source address of the wireless frame coinciding with the first transmission source address, the determination unit determines to relay the wireless frame to the first transmission destination address,
the configuration information includes a rank value indicating a relay cost, and
the determination unit determines lines an address of a first communication device that has transmitted the configuration information including a minimum rank value among the plurality of pieces of configuration information, to be the first transmission destination address, and determines an address of one or more second communication devices that are not a direct child of the first communication device, to be the first transmission source address.

US Pat. No. 10,396,873

CONTROL SIGNALING IN A BEAMFORMING SYSTEM

MEDIATEK INC., HsinChu (...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a user equipment (UE), a plurality of control beam transmissions from a base station using a set of control beams in a Millimeter Wave (mmWave) beamforming mobile communication network, wherein each control beam comprises a set of downlink (DL) control resource blocks, a set of uplink (UL) control resource blocks, and an associated set of beamforming weights based on preconfigured control beam configuration, wherein each resource block comprises radio resources on a two-dimensional resource grid of both time domain and frequency domain;
selecting a control beam from the plurality of control beam transmissions based on the preconfigured control beam configuration for establishing a connection with the base station; and
performing random access with the base station using the selected control beam, wherein the UE derives allocated DL and UL resource blocks and a selected set of beamforming weights associated with the selected control beam for the random access, wherein the UE performs the random access with the base station via the derived UL and DL control resource blocks of the selected control beam, and wherein the UE transmits over the derived UL control resource blocks and the selected set of beamforming weights for UL transmission and receives over the derived DL resource blocks using spatially reciprocal beamforming weights for DL reception.

US Pat. No. 10,396,861

CIRCUIT FOR A TRANSPONDER AND METHOD FOR TESTING THE CIRCUIT

Atmel Corporation, San J...

1. A method for testing a circuit for a transponder, the method comprising:operating the circuit in a passive mode such that a first interface of the circuit is supplied with energy from a field, wherein at least one switchable terminal comprising a second interface of the circuit is deactivated while energy from the field is supplied via the first interface;
receiving, via the field, a command by the circuit during the passive mode, the command configured to activate a test routine code, the command causing a branch address pointing to the test routine code to be loaded in a branch register to activate the test routine code;
responsive to the branch address, activating the test routine code;
storing a first test data, generated by the test routine code, and a first session number identifying the first test data, in a memory area of a memory of the circuit, the memory area being predetermined by the test routine code;
storing a second test data, generated by the test routine code, and a second session number identifying the second test data, in the memory area; and
after receiving a subsequent request for the first and second test data, transmitting during the passive mode the first test data and the first session number, together with the second test data and the second session number, during one return transmission via the field.

US Pat. No. 10,396,745

AUDIO PROCESSOR AND AUDIO PROCESSING METHOD

CLARION CO., LTD., Saita...

1. An audio device comprising:an audio processor configured to:
transform an audio signal from a time-domain signal into a frequency-domain signal;
perform a filtering process on the audio signal that has been transformed into the frequency-domain signal, using a second filter coefficient;
transform the audio signal subjected to the filtering process, from the frequency-domain signal into a time-domain signal;
set first gains for respective bands used to perform the filtering process on the audio signal;
set a second gain for increasing or reducing a volume of the audio signal;
calculate a first filter coefficient that can increase or reduce gains for respective bands, so as to correspond to the first gains for the respective bands; and
regard gains for respective bands of the first filter coefficient as third gains, to compare values of the third gains for the respective bands with an absolute value of the second gain, and to, if the values of the third gains for the respective bands are greater than the absolute value of the second gain, calculate the second filter coefficient by limiting the values of the third gains for the respective bands to the absolute value of the second gain.

US Pat. No. 10,396,743

FREQUENCY-DOMAIN DYNAMIC RANGE CONTROL OF SIGNALS

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A gain function controller comprising a processor and non-transitory computer readable medium, the processor configured to:receive a first plurality of sub-band-signals that is based on a first full-band signal;
determine a frequency-domain-gain-function for a second plurality of sub-band-signals that is based on a second full-band signal, wherein the second full-band signal is not based on the first full-band signal, and wherein determining the frequency-domain-gain-function for the second plurality of sub-band-signals comprises determining the frequency-domain-gain-function for the second plurality of sub-band-signals based on:
the first plurality of sub-band-signals;
a power of the first full-band signal that does not include a power of the second full-band signal, wherein the first full-band signal is a measured noise signal or an estimated noise signal; and
a predetermined compression curve;
apply the frequency-domain-gain-function to the second plurality of sub-band-signals to provide a frequency-domain-output-signal, wherein the processor is further configured to determine the frequency-domain-gain-function to jointly control the second plurality of sub-band-signals based on an adaptive spectral subtraction factor that is identical for all sub-bands such that the frequency-domain-output-signal, when coupled to a loudspeaker, drives the loudspeaker within a pre-determined displacement limit for mechanical loudspeaker protection.

US Pat. No. 10,396,722

POWER AMPLIFIER MODULE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A power amplifier module comprising:a divider circuit that divides an input signal into a first signal and a second signal;
a first amplifier that amplifies the first signal and outputs a third signal;
a second amplifier that amplifies the second signal and outputs a fourth signal;
a combining circuit that combines the third signal and the fourth signal and that outputs an amplified signal of the input signal;
a resistance element that electrically connects an output terminal of the first amplifier and an output terminal of the second amplifier to each other; and
a first capacitor connected in parallel to the resistance element, wherein
the combining circuit comprises:
a combiner,
a first inductor connected in series between the output terminal of the first amplifier and the combiner,
a second inductor connected in series between the output terminal of the second amplifier and the combiner, and
a second capacitor having a first end connected to the combiner and a second end grounded, the first inductor and the second capacitor together forming a first phase shifter and the second inductor and the second capacitor together forming a second phase shifter,
wherein a phase of the third signal from the output terminal of the first amplifier to the output terminal of the second amplifier through the combiner is delayed by about 45 degrees in the first phase shifter, and is delayed by about 45 degrees in the second phase shifter,
wherein a phase of the third signal from the output terminal of the first amplifier to the output terminal of the second amplifier through the first capacitor is advanced by about 90 degrees, and
wherein a capacitance value of the second capacitor is about twice a capacitance value of the first capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,396,573

PORTABLE BATTERY PACK CHARGING SYSTEM, METHOD FOR RECHARGING A BATTERY PACK, AND ADAPTER THEREFOR

MAKITA CORPORATION, Anjo...

1. An adapter for a power tool powered by a detachable battery pack, comprising:an adapter housing,
a power tool interface disposed on the adapter housing and configured to be detachably attached to the power tool;
a battery pack interface disposed on the adapter housing and configured to be detachably attached to the battery pack while the power tool interface is attached to the power tool;
a power line disposed within the adapter housing and configured to electrically connect a current generated by the battery pack at the battery pack interface to the power tool interface when the adapter is attached to both the power tool and the battery pack;
an adapter controller disposed within the adapter housing and configured to communicate with a power tool controller of the power tool, a battery pack controller of the battery pack or both the power tool controller and the battery pack controller; and
a communicator disposed within the adapter housing and configured to receive and/or transmit data, wirelessly or via a wired connection, between the adapter controller and an external device.

US Pat. No. 10,396,556

120VAC TO 240VAC POWER CONVERTER, ADAPTER AND METHODS OF USE

Q Factory 33 LLC, Encini...

1. An electrical power adapter configured to combine two electrical inputs to produce an electrical output at a voltage substantially equal to a sum of voltages of the two electrical inputs, the adapter comprising:a first normally open relay operably connected to a first electrical input and comprising a coil of the first normally open relay and two contacts of the first normally open relay, and the two contacts of the first normally open relay closing only when the coil of the first normally open relay is energized at a first voltage from the first electrical input provided at a first phase;
a second normally open relay operably connected to a second electrical input and comprising a coil of the second normally open relay and two contacts of the second normally open relay, and the two contacts of the second normally open relay closing only when the coil of the second normally open relay is energized at a second voltage from the second electrical input provided at a second phase; and
a third normally open relay operably connected to both the first and second normally open relays and comprising a coil of the third normally open relay and four contacts of the third normally open relay, and the four contacts of the third normally open relay closing when the coil of the third normally open relay is energized at a third voltage, the third voltage being the sum of the first voltage and the second voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,396,475

VICE-TYPE TERMINAL BLOCK FOR INTERCONNECTING TWO THIMBLES AND ASSOCIATED CONNECTION

1. A vice-type terminal block for electrically connecting a pair of lugs by clamping them together, each lug comprising a barrel extending along an axis in a centered manner, and a flange connected to said barrel and extending radially relative to said barrel, said flange having, on an opposite side to where said barrel is located, an electrical contact surface normal to said axis, the vice-type terminal block comprising:two opposing plates and a clamping system for moving the two plates towards one another, wherein each plate comprises a slot for receiving one of said lugs thereby positioning the flange of each respective lug on one side of the respective plate and also between the two opposing plates, also thereby positioning the barrel of each respective lug on the other side of the plate opposite the one side, and
a means for supporting the pair of lugs such that their electrical contact surfaces face one another and are aligned.

US Pat. No. 10,396,436

COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A communications device, comprising:a metal carrier having a mounting plane, wherein at least one mounting area is defined on the mounting plane;
an antenna element disposed in each mounting area and comprising:
a radiation structure connected to a feed structure, wherein the feed structure is fastened to the mounting plane, and a point at which the feed structure is connected to the mounting plane is a feedpoint;
wherein the mounting area is an area in which the mounting plane intersects a circle centered at the feedpoint of the antenna element in the mounting area and having a radius that does not exceed a specified radius; and
wherein when a boundary line of the mounting area comprises a boundary line of the mounting plane, a distance from the feedpoint of the antenna element in the mounting area to the boundary line of the mounting area is less than or equal to a specified distance, and/or when a boundary line of the mounting area comprises a vertex of the mounting plane, a distance from the feedpoint of the antenna element in the mounting area to the vertex is less than or equal to a specified distance; wherein the specified distance is 0.12?1, the specified radius is 0.25?1, and ?1 is a wavelength corresponding to a minimum operating frequency of the antenna element; wherein a height of the antenna element is not greater than 0.25?1.

US Pat. No. 10,396,428

BEAM SHAPING ANTENNA FOR LAMINATED GLASS

PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER...

1. An apparatus comprising:an antenna;
a first split ring resonator located on a first side of the antenna, wherein the first split ring resonator is magnetically coupled to the antenna, and wherein the first split ring resonator further comprises a first resonating element coplanar to the antenna and a second resonating element located above the first resonating element; and
a second split ring resonator located on a second side of the antenna, wherein the second split ring resonator is magnetically coupled to the antenna, and wherein the second split ring resonator further comprises a third resonating element coplanar to the antenna and a fourth resonating element located above the third resonating element.

US Pat. No. 10,396,420

STACKED CERAMIC RESONATOR RADIO FREQUENCY FILTER FOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS

Skyworks Solutions, Inc.,...

15. A wireless mobile device including a ceramic resonator filter comprising:a ceramic resonator filter including a printed circuit board, one or more first coaxial resonators disposed on the printed circuit board, one or more second coaxial resonators disposed over the one or more first coaxial resonators so that the one or more first coaxial resonators and one or more second coaxial resonators are arranged in a stacked configuration, the one or more first coaxial resonators and second coaxial resonators electrically connected to the printed circuit board, a second printed circuit board that extends generally perpendicular to the printed circuit board, the second printed circuit board having a protrusion configured to extend into an aperture on the printed circuit board to thereby couple the second printed circuit board to the printed circuit board, the one or more first and second coaxial resonators electrically connected to the second printed circuit board;
a radio frequency transceiver electrically connected to the ceramic resonator filter; and
an antenna electrically connected to the ceramic resonator filter.

US Pat. No. 10,396,419

COMMON-MODE SIGNAL ABSORBER

National Taiwan Universit...

1. A common-mode signal absorber, comprising:a first impedance-matching network comprising a first impedance unit; and
a common-mode signal reflection circuit, wherein input ends of the common-mode signal reflection circuit are connected to output ends of the first impedance-matching network, a differential-mode signal is inputted from input ends of the first impedance-matching network, and outputted from output ends of the common-mode signal reflection circuit;
wherein the first impedance-matching network is impedance matched to a common-mode signal within a specific frequency band; when the common-mode signal within the specific frequency band inputs to the first impedance-matching network from the input ends of the first impedance-matching network, the first impedance unit of the first impedance-matching network can be used for absorbing the common-mode signal within the specific frequency band; when the common-mode signal within the specific frequency band is unabsorbed by the first impedance unit and inputs to the common-mode signal reflection circuit through the first impedance-matching network, the common-mode signal within the specific frequency band will be reflected by the common-mode signal reflection circuit back to the first impedance-matching network so that the first impedance unit of the first impedance-matching network can absorb the common-mode signal reflected by the common-mode signal reflection circuit;
wherein the common-mode signal within the specific frequency band is able to be repeatedly absorbed and reflected between the first impedance-matching network and the common-mode signal reflection circuit until an energy of the common-mode signal within the specific frequency band is completely exhausted.

US Pat. No. 10,396,418

ANAEROBIC ALUMINUM-WATER ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. An anaerobic aluminum-water electrochemical cell comprising:a plurality of electrode stacks, each electrode stack comprising an aluminum alloy anode, in the form of a plate, the plate having a first side and a second side opposite to the first side, and at least one cathode disposed adjacent to the first side of the plate and at least one cathode disposed adjacent to the second side of the plate, wherein the cathode on the first side and the cathode on the second side are configured to be electrically coupled to the anode, wherein the aluminum alloy is alloyed with two or more metals chosen from a group consisting of Ga, In, Sn, Mg, and combinations thereof;
one or more water permeable physical separators, between adjacent electrode stacks, positioned between the cathode on the first side of one electrode stack and the cathode on the second side of the adjacent electrode stack;
an electrolyte disposed between the anode and the at least one cathode on the first side and between the anode and the at least one cathode on the second side in each electrode stack;
a housing configured to hold the electrode stacks, the electrolyte, and the one or more physical separators; and
a water injection port, in the housing, configured to introduce water into the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,396,417

BATTERY ARRANGMENTS FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINES

Rolls-Royce Corporation, ...

1. A battery arrangement for a gas turbine engine, the battery arrangement comprising:a wall of the gas turbine engine;
a thermal battery coupled to the wall and arranged to receive thermal energy from gas of the gas turbine engine; and
charging circuitry configured to supply electrical energy to the thermal battery to recharge the thermal battery,
wherein the wall comprises at least a part of a turbine casing of the gas turbine engine and the battery arrangement further comprises at least one support member arranged to support the thermal battery within a turbine disc of the gas turbine engine and to couple the thermal battery to the turbine casing,
wherein the wall defines an annulus having a longitudinal axis, the at least one support member is arranged to position the thermal battery to intersect the longitudinal axis of the wall.

US Pat. No. 10,396,415

COOLING PLATE

MAHLE International GmbH,...

1. A cooling plate for battery cooling, the cooling plate comprising:a structural plate that has a channel-like recess which is surrounded by a raised edge region; and
a cover plate that rests on the raised edge region and covers the channel-like recess in order to form a channel;
openings with connection elements arranged thereon being arranged in the structural plate and/or in the cover plate for introducing a fluid into the channel and for discharging a fluid from the channel;
first mounting openings, the first mounting openings including a round hole being provided in the structural plate and a round hole being provided in the cover plate; and
second mounting openings, the second mounting openings including an elongate hole being provided in the structural plate and an elongate hole being provided in the cover plate,
wherein the round hole in the structural plate and the round hole in the cover plate align with one another for receiving a pin for fixing the structural and cover plates during a soldering process and the elongate hole in the structural plate and the elongate hole in the cover plate align with one another for receiving another pin for fixing the structural and cover plates during the soldering process, and
wherein at least one of the first mounting openings or the second mounting openings are arranged away from a line of symmetry of the structural plate and the cover plate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,414

HIGH POWER BATTERY CELLS HAVING IMPROVED COOLING

AVL Powertrain Engineerin...

1. A battery pack comprising:at least one battery cell; and
at least one cooling plate having a first side disposed adjacent to the at least one battery cell and including thermal pyrolytic graphite (TPG) to dissipate heat away from the at least one battery cell, wherein the TPG is embedded in the at least one cooling plate, the TPG is in direct physical contact with the at least one battery cell, the TPG forms a heat spreader having a substantially pi-shape, and the heat spreader includes a header and a pair of legs extending substantially perpendicularly from the header.

US Pat. No. 10,396,413

BATTERY COOLING FIN

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A battery pack, comprising:a battery assembly including:
a first battery cell;
a second battery cell;
a thermal fin positioned between said first battery cell and said second battery cell, said thermal fin including a thickened region having an increased thermal conductivity compared to a first region of said thermal fin,
wherein said thermal fin is a separate component from a casing of either of said first battery cell and said second battery cell; and
said thermal fin is segmented into a plurality of fingers, and each of said plurality of fingers contacts a side face of each of said first battery cell and said second battery cell,
wherein said thermal fin includes a first fin portion and a second fin portion, and each of said first fin portion and said second fin portion includes fingers and slots, said fingers of said first fin portion nesting within said slots of said second fin portion and said fingers of said second fin portion nesting within said slots of said first fin portion when said first fin portion is positioned back-to-back with said second fin portion.

US Pat. No. 10,396,412

POWER STORAGE MODULE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A power storage module comprising:a power storage element; and
a cooling member that is sandwiched by the power storage elements and in contact with the power storage elements to transfer heat, the cooling member including an enclosing member, refrigerant, and an absorbing member absorbing the refrigerant, the enclosing member including sheet members that are connected in a liquid tight manner, and the refrigerant and the absorbing member being arranged within the enclosing member, wherein
the cooling member has a section that is not sandwiched by the power storage elements and the enclosing member expands in the section according to transfer of heat generated in the power storage elements to the cooling member,
the cooling member is arranged to be inclined with respect to a horizontal plane such that a section thereof being in contact with the power storage element to transfer heat is on a lower level than the section of the cooling member having an expanded enclosing member.

US Pat. No. 10,396,411

TRACTION BATTERY THERMAL PLATE WITH TRANSVERSE CHANNEL CONFIGURATION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a plurality of battery cells;
an outlet plenum; and
a thermal plate supporting all of the plurality of battery cells, and having u-channel configurations each defining a flow path the entirety of which corresponds to only one of the plurality of battery cells and includes an inlet and outlet on a same side of the thermal plate, wherein fluid exiting the outlets empties into the outlet plenum external to the thermal plate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,410

BATTERY SYSTEM HOUSING WITH INTERNAL BUSBAR

THUNDER POWER NEW ENERGY ...

1. A battery pack for an electric vehicle, the battery pack comprising:an upper tray;
a first busbar attached to the upper tray;
a lower tray;
a second busbar attached to the lower tray;
a plurality of battery cells arranged in the upper and lower trays between the first and second busbars, wherein the first busbar is between the battery cells and the upper tray, and wherein the second busbar is between the battery cells and the lower tray, wherein each of the battery cells comprises first and second terminals and at least one side wall extending substantially from the first terminal substantially to the second terminal, wherein the first busbar contacts the first terminal and the side wall of each of the battery cells, and wherein the second busbar contacts the second terminal and the side wall of each of the battery cells; and
a first thermally conductive cooling plate formed from a thermally conductive material, the first cooling plate contacting one of:
at least one of the lower tray and the second busbar, and
at least one of the upper tray and the first busbar,
wherein the first thermally conductive cooling plate comprises one or more internal cooling ducts configured to conduct a cooling fluid therethrough.

US Pat. No. 10,396,409

HEAT SINK AND POWER BATTERY SYSTEM

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, She...

1. A heat sink, comprising: a heat dissipation plate and a cover plate, wherein,the heat dissipation plate comprises a bottom plate and a plurality of fins on the bottom plate such that a cross-section of the heat dissipation plate has a comb pattern;
the cover plate is fixedly connected to the heat dissipation plate, and includes an inner surface facing the fins and a rib portion protruding from the inner surface, wherein the rib portion and the inner surface include grooves for receiving the fins, wherein a groove on the rib portion receives a first fin having a first height and a groove on the inner surface receives a second fin having a second height greater than the first height;
the fins of the heat dissipation plate are disposed between the bottom plate and the cover plate; and
an air duct is formed among the bottom plate, the fins and the cover plate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,408

WASTE BATTERY TREATMENT APPARATUS USING CONTINUOUS HEAT TREATMENT, AND METHOD FOR RECOVERING VALUABLE METALS FROM LITHIUM-BASED BATTERY USING SAME

KOREA INSTITUTE OF GEOSCI...

1. A method for recovering valuable metals by a continuous heat treatment process from a lithium-based battery by using a waste battery treatment apparatus using continuous heat treatment, which includes a frame, a reaction reservoir, a vacuum forming means, and an inlet, the method comprising:a vacuum forming step of vacuumizing the inside of the reaction reservoir by using the vacuum forming means;
a heat treatment step of inputting and heat-treating waste batteries to be treated by opening a gas blocking door of the inlet;
a closing step of closing the gas blocking door in order to prevent poisonous gas or dust in the reaction reservoir from being discharged to the outside after the waste battery inputting step;
a gas discharging step of discharging the poisonous gas and dust generated during the heat treatment through a gas outlet;
a gas treatment step of separating and treating valuable metal powder included in the discharged dust in the gas discharging step;
a collection step of collecting the waste batteries heat-treated through the heat treatment step from the reaction reservoir; and
a step of crushing or grinding the collected waste batteries and thereafter, separating and recovering the valuable metal powder of the crushed or ground waste batteries, wherein the method further comprises
a storage device inserting step of inputting the waste batteries to be treated into a storage device which can be input into/output from a treatment space of the reaction reservoir and thereafter, moving the storage device and inserting the storage device into the treatment space of the reaction reservoir prior to the heat treatment step; and
a reaction reservoir separating step of separating the storage device from the treatment space of the reaction reservoir and discharging the separated storage device to the outside prior to the collection step,
wherein the storage device includes a lower frame with a moving device, an upper frame which extends upward from the lower frame, and a basket provided in the upper frame and having a storage space capable of the waste batteries to be treated therein.

US Pat. No. 10,396,407

SECONDARY BATTERY INTERNAL TEMPERATURE ESTIMATION DEVICE AND SECONDARY BATTERY INTERNAL TEMPERATURE ESTIMATION METHOD

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A device comprising:a sensor for measuring an external temperature of a secondary battery of a vehicle;
a processor, wherein the processor is communicatively coupled to the sensor; and
a memory that stores executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, facilitate performance of operations, comprising:
estimating an internal temperature of the secondary battery of the vehicle on the basis of a relational equation showing a relationship between an external temperature of the secondary battery of the vehicle and an internal temperature of the secondary battery of the vehicle;
calculating element values of an equivalent circuit of the secondary battery, wherein the equivalent circuit of the secondary battery comprises at least a solution resistance and a reaction resistance;
determining coefficients of the relational equation on the basis of the element values of the equivalent circuit, wherein the determining the coefficients comprises determining, on the basis of one or more of the element values, a first coefficient of the relational equation applicable to the solution resistance and determining, on the basis of one or more of the element values, a second coefficient of the relational equation applicable to the reaction resistance; and
applying the coefficients obtained by the determining, wherein the estimating comprises estimating the internal temperature of the secondary battery on the basis of the relational equation to which the coefficients have been applied by the applying.

US Pat. No. 10,396,406

BATTERY MODULE

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A battery module comprising:a first battery cell;
a second battery cell, each of the first and second battery cells having first sides and second sides, the first sides being larger than the second sides;
a holder between the first battery cell and the second battery cell, the holder having:
a long side contacting the first sides of the first battery cell and the second battery cell;
a short side extending from a periphery of the long side toward the first, battery cell and the second battery cell and contacting a second side of each of the first battery cell and the second battery cell;
a protrusion protruding from the long side of the holder toward one of the first battery cell and the second battery cell and a second protrusion substantially extending around the protrusion, the second protrusion having an oval shape or a polygonal shape; and
a receiving groove located on the long side of the holder; and
a temperature measuring unit accommodated in the receiving groove in the holder, contacting the first side of the one of the first and second battery cells, and being configured to measure a temperature of at least the at least the one of first and second battery cells.

US Pat. No. 10,396,405

BUS BAR FOR A BATTERY CONNECTOR SYSTEM

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A bus bar for electrically connecting adjacent first and second battery cells of a battery module comprising:a base having a first leg and a second leg connected by a flexible joint, the flexible joint being folded-over such that the first leg is above the second leg, the first leg, the second leg, and the flexible joint each arranged to span across the first and second battery cells;
a first terminal tab extending from the first leg, the first terminal tab being configured to be terminated to a corresponding battery cell terminal of the first battery cell;
a second terminal tab extending from the second leg, the second terminal tab being configured to be terminated to a corresponding battery cell terminal of the second battery cell;
wherein the first and second terminal tabs are arranged side-by-side, the first terminal tab being vertically positionable independent of the second terminal tab by the flexible joint; and
wherein the first terminal tab has an inner surface configured to face the battery terminal of the first battery cell and an outer surface opposite the inner surface, the second terminal tab having an inner surface configured to face the battery terminal of the second battery cell and an outer surface opposite the inner surface, the inner surfaces being generally coplanar, the outer surfaces being generally coplanar.

US Pat. No. 10,396,404

ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL WITH BIPOLAR FARADAIC MEMBRANE

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. An electrochemical cell comprising:a negative electrode comprising a first liquid phase having a first active metal;
a positive electrode, separated from the negative electrode, comprising a second liquid phase having a second active metal;
a liquid electrolyte, disposed between the negative electrode and the positive electrode, comprising a salt of the first active metal and a salt of the second active metal; and
a bipolar faradaic membrane, disposed between the negative electrode and the positive electrode, having a first surface facing the negative electrode and a second surface facing the positive electrode, the bipolar faradaic membrane is porous so as to allow cations of the first active metal to pass through and configured to impede cations of the second active metal from transferring from the positive electrode to the negative electrode, the bipolar faradaic membrane at least partially formed from a material having an electronic conductivity, at an operating temperature of the electrochemical cell, sufficient to drive faradaic reactions at the second surface with the cations of the positive electrode such that a rate of oxidation of the first active metal at the first surface is equal to or greater than a rate of reduction of the cations of the positive electrode at the second surface which causes the cations of the second active metal to be impeded from transferring from the positive electrode to the negative electrode, the operating temperature of the electrochemical cell is in the range of 500° C. or lower.

US Pat. No. 10,396,403

ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

DONGGUAN AMPEREX TECHNOLO...

1. An electrochemical energy storage device, comprising:a cell comprising a positive electrode plate, a negative electrode plate and a separator positioned between the positive electrode plate and the negative electrode plate;
an electrolyte immersing the cell; and
a package accommodating the cell and the electrolyte;
the electrochemical energy storage device further comprising:
a binding material positioned between the cell and the package, comprising:
an adhesive layer directly or indirectly adhered and positioned on an outer surface of the cell; and
a covering layer positioned between the adhesive layer and the package, the covering layer being configured to be dissolved or swollen into the electrolyte in whole or in part so as to expose the adhesive layer, the adhesive layer in turn making the cell adhered with the package;
the covering layer being a polar molecule, and the covering layer being one or more selected from the group consisting of polar fluorinated polyester, polar fluororubber, polyamide and fluorinated polyurethane;
the polar fluorinated polyester is one or more selected from the group consisting of linear fluorinated poly(butylene isophthalate), linear fluorinated poly(butylene terephthalate), hydroxyl terminated polyester polysiloxane containing fluorine, and hyperbranched polyhydroxy fluorinated polyester;
the polar fluororubber is one or more selected from the group consisting of hydroxyl nitroso fluororubber, and fluoro ether rubber;
the polyamide is one or more selected from the group consisting of polydecamethylene sebacamide, polyundecanamide, and polydodecanamide.

US Pat. No. 10,396,402

BATTERY, BATTERY MANUFACTURING METHOD, AND BATTERY MANUFACTURING APPARATUS

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A battery comprising:a first power generating element; and
a second power generating element laminated to the first power generating element, wherein
the first power generating element includes a first electrode current collector including an inner layer and an outer layer, a first electrode active material layer, a first solid electrolyte layer, and a first counter electrode active material layer;
the first solid electrolyte layer is disposed between the first electrode active material layer and the first counter electrode active material layer;
the inner layer of the first electrode current collector is in contact with the first electrode active material layer;
the second power generating element includes a second electrode current collector including an inner layer and an outer layer, a second electrode active material layer, a second solid electrolyte layer, and a second counter electrode active material layer;
the second solid electrolyte layer is disposed between the second electrode active material layer and the second counter electrode active material layer;
the inner layer of the second electrode current collector is in contact with the second electrode active material layer;
the outer layer of the first electrode current collector and the outer layer of the second electrode current collector are in contact with each other;
the inner layer of the first electrode current collector contains a first material;
the inner layer of the second electrode current collector contains a third material different from the first material;
the outer layer of the second electrode current collector contains a second material different from the first material; and
the outer layer of the first electrode current collector contains the second material.

US Pat. No. 10,396,401

STACKING APPARATUS AND STACKING METHOD

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A stacking apparatus comprising:a cylindrical rotary conveyance unit holding a separator of predetermined shape on an outer circumferential surface thereof and rotating to convey the separator; and
an electrode conveyance unit conveying an electrode of predetermined shape in a tangential direction of the rotary conveyance unit so that the electrode overlaps the separator, wherein:
the outer circumferential surface of the rotary conveyance unit is defined by
a suction area that is for drawing the separator by suction and is positioned on an upstream side of a rotation direction of the rotary conveyance unit with respect to a location to which the electrode is conveyed by the electrode conveyance unit, and
a non-suction area that is for removing the separator and is positioned on a downstream side of the rotation direction of the rotary conveyance unit with respect to the location to which the electrode is conveyed, the non-suction area arranged for removing the separator without blowing fluid in order to not produce positive pressure;
the stacking apparatus draws the separator by suction to the outer circumferential surface in the suction area, rotates the outer circumferential surface to convey the separator to the non-suction area, removes the separator from the outer circumferential surface, and transfers the separator to the electrode, thereby gradually stacking the separator on the electrode from a downstream side of the rotation direction,
wherein the rotary conveyance unit includes:
a rotatable cylindrical rotor having a plurality of external air holes in the outer circumferential surface thereof;
a cylindrical internal structure coaxially and non-rotatably arranged inside the cylindrical rotor and formed with a plurality of internal holes only in part of the outer circumferential surface thereof so as to be disposed to the suction area;
a partition wall provided in the internal structure for isolating the suction area and the non-suction area from each other; and
a negative pressure chamber formed within the internal structure and defined by the partition wall to be communicative with the plurality of internal holes, the negative pressure chamber being connected to a negative pressure supply device.

US Pat. No. 10,396,400

ELECTROLYTE FOR LITHIUM BATTERY AND LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE ELECTROLYTE

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. An electrolyte for a lithium battery, the electrolyte comprising:an organic solvent; and
a compound represented by Formula 1:

wherein, in Formula 1,
X1 to X4 are each independently oxygen (O) or nitrogen (N),
A1 to A4 each independently denote a chemical bond, an unsubstituted or substituted C1-C10 alkylene group, an unsubstituted or substituted C6-C10 arylene group, an unsubstituted or substituted C7-C10 arylalkylene group, an unsubstituted or substituted C2-C10 heteroarylene group, an unsubstituted or substituted C3-C10 heteroarylalkylene group, or an unsubstituted or substituted C4-C10 carbocyclic group, wherein at least one of A1 to A4 is (CH2)a, where a is independently 2 to 4
at least one of R1 to R4 is —C(R5)?Y1, where Y1 is C(R6)(R7), and R5 to R7 are each independently a hydrogen, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a C6-C10 aryl group, a C7-C10 arylalkyl group, a C6-C10 aryloxy group, a C2-C10 heteroaryl group, a C3-C10 heteroarylalkyl group, a C2-C10 heteroaryloxy group, a C4-C10 carbocyclic group, or a halogen atom, and
the remaining R1 to R4 are each independently a hydrogen, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a C6-C10 aryl group, a C7-C10 arylalkyl group, a C6-C10 aryloxy group, a C2-C10 heteroaryl group, a C3-C10 heteroarylalkyl group, a C2-C10 heteroaryloxy group, a C4-C10 carbocyclic group, or a halogen atom.

US Pat. No. 10,396,398

SECONDARY BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A secondary battery, comprising:a cathode;
an anode; and
an electrolyte between the cathode and the anode,
wherein the electrolyte includes:
a first electrolyte layer including a first polymer, a first lithium salt, and a first particle inorganic material having an average particle diameter (D50) of less than 500 nm; and
a second electrolyte layer including a second polymer, a second lithium salt, and a second particle inorganic material having an average particle diameter (D50) of 500 nm or greater,
wherein the first electrolyte layer is in a direction facing the anode.

US Pat. No. 10,396,397

GRAPHENE COMPOUND, METHOD FOR FORMING GRAPHENE COMPOUND, AND LITHIUM-ION STORAGE BATTERY

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A graphene compound comprising:graphene or graphene oxide; and
a substituted or unsubstituted chain group,
wherein the chain group comprises at least two or more ether bonds,
wherein the chain group is bonded to the graphene or graphene oxide through a Si atom, and
wherein a structure of the graphene compound is represented by a formula (200) shown below:

wherein GO represents the graphene or graphene oxide, and
wherein R represents the substituted or unsubstituted chain group.

US Pat. No. 10,396,396

LITHIUM-ION CONDUCTIVE GARNET AND METHOD OF MAKING MEMBRANES THEREOF

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A method of making a Li-ion conductive cubic garnet, comprising:forming a nitrate source aqueous solution comprising a first nitrate source and a nitrate dopant source;
contacting the nitrate source aqueous solution and a carbohydrate source and heating in a first heating step to form a nano-particle ash;
a second heating step of the nano-particle ash to produce a garnet nanoprecursor;
pelletizing the garnet nanoprecursor to form a Li-ion conductive cubic garnet pellet; and
a third heating step of the garnet pellet to form a dense Li-ion conductive cubic garnet membrane.

US Pat. No. 10,396,394

METHOD FOR PRODUCING SULFIDE ALL-SOLID-STATE BATTERY AND SULFIDE ALL-SOLID-STATE BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method for producing a sulfide all-solid-state battery, the method comprising:forming the sulfide all-solid-state battery comprising a cathode comprising a cathode active material layer that contains a cathode active material, an anode comprising an anode active material layer that contains an anode active material, and a solid electrolyte layer disposed between the cathode and the anode, wherein at least one of the anode active material layer and the solid electrolyte layer contains a sulfide-based solid electrolyte,
initially charging the sulfide all-solid-state battery after the forming of the sulfide all-solid-state battery, and
exposing a contact surface between the sulfide-based solid electrolyte and the anode active material of the sulfide all-solid-state battery to an oxygen-containing gas atmosphere at a time of the initially charging of the sulfide all-solid-state battery and optionally at a time after the initially charging of the sulfide all-solid-state battery,
wherein, in the initially charging of the sulfide all-solid-state battery, the sulfide all-solid-state battery is initially charged in the oxygen-containing gas atmosphere to set a potential of the anode of the sulfide all-solid-state battery to 0.85 V (vs. Li/Li+) or less.

US Pat. No. 10,396,393

HIGH SILICA CONTENT SUBSTRATE SUCH AS FOR USE IN THIN-FILM BATTERY

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A fused quartz substrate comprising:a first major surface having a surface area greater than 1 mm2;
a second major surface opposite the first major surface;
an outer perimeter surface extending between the first major surface and the second major surface;
at least 90% by weight silica;
an average thickness between the first major surface and the second major surface of less than 500 ?m; and
a width and a length that are less each than 100 m and greater than 1 mm;
a first group of a plurality of raised elongate features formed in the first major surface and extending in the direction of the width, wherein each raised elongate feature of the first group has a length and a width and the length is at least ten times larger than width, wherein the width of each elongate feature of the first group is between 10 mm and 2 ?m; and
a second group of a plurality of raised elongate features formed in the first major surface and extending in the direction of the length, wherein at least some of the raised elongate features of the second group intersect a raised elongate feature of the first group, wherein each raised elongate feature of the second group has a length and a width and the length is at least ten times larger than width, wherein the width of each elongate feature of the second group is between 10 mm and 2 ?m;
wherein at least some of the raised elongate features of the first group and of the second group extend from the surface a distance of at least 10 angstroms beyond the lowest portion of the first major surface;
wherein the surface area of the first major surface is at least 1.5 times the area of the cross-sectional shape defined by the outer perimeter surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,392

ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL

The Swatch Group Research...

1. An electrochemical cell, comprising:a first current collector comprising a first collecting section in contact with a first electrode and comprising a first connecting section;
a second current collector overlapping with the first current collector and comprising a second collecting section in contact with a second electrode and comprising a second connecting section;
wherein the first and second current collectors are mutually connected via their first and second connecting sections;
wherein a distance between the first and second connecting sections is equal to or smaller than 50% of the distance between the first and the second collecting sections;
wherein the first current collector comprises a plurality of first inwardly extending longitudinal indentations, the second current collector comprises a plurality of second inwardly extending longitudinal indentations, and the first inwardly extending longitudinal indentations are arranged to overlap with the second inwardly extending longitudinal indentations.

US Pat. No. 10,396,391

IONIZED GAS METAL CORE BATTERY

Hands of Jesus, Inc., Wh...

1. A battery comprising:a pressurized gas circulating system comprising at least a high pressure storage tank;
a reaction chamber comprising a housing and a positively charged metal core disposed within the housing;
a delivery line fluidly connecting the high pressure storage tank to the housing;
an exhaust line fluidly connecting the housing to the pressurized gas circulating system;
a cathode terminal comprising a plurality of cathode reflectors disposed within the housing, the plurality of cathode reflectors comprising primary reflectors and secondary reflectors; and
an anode terminal connected to the positively charged metal core, wherein
the battery comprises a charging phase when connected to a power source and a discharging phase when connected to an external circuit,
the charging phase comprising a hydrogen gas flowing from the high pressure storage tank through the delivery line, wherein the hydrogen gas is ionized by the cathode terminal with electrons and the ionized hydrogen gas comes into contact with the metal core, wherein the primary reflectors are positioned to ionize and deflect the hydrogen gas from the delivery line to the metal core and the secondary reflectors are positioned to ionize and further deflect loose gas molecules to the metal core, and
the discharging phase comprising the anode terminal delivering the electrons to the external circuit and the hydrogen gas flowing from the housing into the exhaust line.

US Pat. No. 10,396,389

FUEL CELL STACK

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A fuel cell stack comprising: a plurality of power generating cells stacked on one another;a heat exchange unit disposed between two of the power generating cells which are located adjacent to each other;
a fuel gas supply path for supplying fuel gas to thepower generating cells; andan oxidant gas supply path for supplying oxidant gas to the power generating cells, wherein
the fuel gas supply path includes, in series, a first path passing through the heat exchange unit, a second path passing in parallel through some of the plurality of powergenerating cells, and a third path passing in parallel through the remaining power generating cells;in the second path, when the power generating cells are viewed in a stacking direction thereof, two inlets of the fuel gas in each of the some power generating cells are located at a first position PA and a second position PB located along one side of each power generating cell, and one outlet of the fuel gas in each of the some power generating cells is located at a third position PC along another side of each power generating cell that is opposite the one side; and
in the third path, when the power generating cells are viewed in the stacking direction, an inlet of the fuel gas in each of the remaining power generating cells is located at a position coinciding with the third position PC, and an outlet of the fuel gas in each of the remaining power generating cells is located at a position between the first position PA and the second position PB.

US Pat. No. 10,396,388

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR STORING AND RELEASING ENERGY

HYDROGENIOUS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A system for releasing energy in a form of hydrogen comprising:an unloading unit for unloading hydrogen from a loaded carrier medium;
a heat generation unit for generating heat;
a heat storage unit for storing the heat generated by means of the heat generation unit, wherein the heat storage unit is connected with the unloading unit in order to supply heat;
a power generation unit for generating electric power, wherein the power generation unit is connected with the heat generation unit in order to supply electric power for heat generation, wherein the heat from the heat storage unit is delivered directly to the unloading unit.

US Pat. No. 10,396,387

CARBON NANOTUBE BASED MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS AND METHODS FOR GENERATING AN ELECTRIC CURRENT

1. A microbial fuel cell, comprising:a housing comprising one or more cell compartments with an anode compartment having an anode in a side, and a cathode compartment having a cathode on another side separated by a cation exchange membrane, wherein the cation exchange membrane is a sulfonated tetrafluorethylene based fluoropolymer-copolymer;
wherein the anode is a glassy carbon coated with a multi-walled carbon nanotube/tin oxide nanocomposite configured to attach a plurality of Escherichia coli bacteria, immersed in a solution containing glucose and the cathode is a platinum electrode immersed in another solution containing hexacyano ferrate, and the anode and cathode are electrically connected to one another via a resistance to generate electricity, wherein the power density of the microbial fuel cell is greater than 1400 mW/m2.

US Pat. No. 10,396,385

ION EXCHANGING MEMBRANE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

KOLON INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. An ion exchange membrane comprising:a porous support including a plurality of pores; and
an ion conductor filling the pores of the porous support,
wherein the porous support includes micropores having a size of 31 to 1000 ?m, and wherein the micropores having a size of 31 to 1000 ?m constitute 1 to 20% of the total volume of the plurality of pores.

US Pat. No. 10,396,384

COMPOSITE POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE FOR FUEL CELL, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENC...

1. A method of manufacturing a composite polymer electrolyte membrane for a polymer electrolyte fuel cell, the method comprising:performing a centrifugal process on a perfluorinated sulfonic acid polymer solution in which a porous fluorinated polymer support is immersed to fill the inside of pores of the porous fluorinated polymer support with a perfluorinated sulfonic acid polymer and form a perfluorinated sulfonic acid polymer resin membrane on an external surface of the porous fluorinated polymer support,
wherein the composite polymer electrolyte membrane comprises:
the porous fluorinated polymer support; and
the perfluorinated sulfonic acid polymer resin membrane which fills the inside of pores of the porous fluorinated polymer support and covers an external surface of the porous fluorinated polymer support.

US Pat. No. 10,396,383

MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND FUEL CELL COMPRISING THE SAME

KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENC...

1. A membrane electrode assembly comprising:a cation exchange membrane electrode assembly comprising a cation exchange membrane, a first cathode electrode disposed on the cation exchange membrane, and a first anode electrode disposed under the cation exchange membrane; and
an anion exchange membrane electrode assembly comprising an anion exchange membrane, a second cathode electrode disposed on the anion exchange membrane, and a second anode electrode disposed under the anion exchange membrane,
wherein the cation exchange membrane and the anion exchange membrane partially contact each other, and
the first cathode electrode, the first anode electrode, the second cathode electrode, and the second anode electrode do not contact one another.

US Pat. No. 10,396,382

PREVENTING MIGRATION OF LIQUID ELECTROLYTE OUT OF A FUEL CELL

DOOSAN FUEL CELL AMERICA,...

1. A cell stack assembly, comprising:a plurality of fuel cells, each fuel cell including a cathode electrode, an anode electrode and a matrix for holding a liquid acid electrolyte between the cathode electrode and the anode electrode, the cathode electrodes having lateral outside edges, the anode electrodes having lateral outside edges, the lateral outside edges of the electrodes being generally coplanar;
a plurality of separator plates respectively between the cathode electrode of one of the fuel cells and the anode electrode of an adjacent one of the fuel cells, the separator plates having lateral outside edges that are generally coplanar with the lateral outside edges of the electrodes; and
a plurality of barriers respectively situated along at least one of the lateral outside edges of respective ones of the separator plates, the barriers respectively extending outwardly beyond the lateral outside edges of the electrodes and separator plates, the barriers respectively inhibiting acid migration between the cathode electrode of the one of the fuel cells on one side of the barrier and the anode electrode of the adjacent one of the fuel cells on an opposite side of the barrier.

US Pat. No. 10,396,381

THERMOELECTRIC COOPERATION CONTROL METHOD FOR SOFC SYSTEM BASED ON FRACTIONAL ORDER SLIDING MODE VARIABLE STRUCTURE

HUAZHONG UNIVERSITY OF SC...

1. A thermoelectric cooperative control method for a SOFC (solid oxide fuel cell) system based on fractional order sliding mode variable structure, comprising the following steps:S1. Collecting parameters of system states and output under combinations of different input parameters of the SOFC system, acquiring an influence function of steady-state power, temperature, efficiency response characteristics and bypass valve opening BP within a full load interval on efficiency optimization, as well as an efficiency optimization function within a specified load switching interval and under a time-delay condition by a system identification method;
S2. Acquiring a local optimal steady-state operation function, a global optimal function under the steady state developed and formed, and a power tracking function with different switching intervals and different time-delay conditions based on the influence function of steady-state power, temperature, efficiency response characteristics and bypass valve opening BP within a full load interval on efficiency optimization, as well as an efficiency optimization function within a specified load switching interval and under a time-delay condition;
S3. Calculating a sliding mode interval according to the optimal steady-state operation function, the global optimal function under the steady state developed and formed as well as the efficiency optimization function within the specified load switching interval and under a time-delay condition;
S4. Calculating a series reaching law function according to the sliding mode interval, the steady-state power and efficiency response characteristics within a full load interval, an efficiency optimization function within a specified load switching interval and under a time-delay condition as well as a modified optimization function within different switching load intervals and under different time-delay conditions;
S5. Eliminating chattering of the series reaching law function through a fractional order optimization method, and solving the reaching law by calculation.

US Pat. No. 10,396,380

ON-VEHICLE FUEL CELL SYSTEM

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. An on-vehicle fuel cell system to be mounted in a fuel cell vehicle, the system comprising:a fuel cell that generate electricity through electrochemical reaction of oxidant gas fed to a cathode side with fuel gas fed to an anode side with an electrolyte membrane being located between the cathode side and the anode side;
an oxidant gas feeding pipe that feeds the oxidant gas to the fuel cell;
an oxidant exhaust gas discharge pipe that discharges, from the fuel cell, oxidant exhaust gas being the oxidant gas at least partially used in the cathode side;
a fuel gas feeding pipe that feeds the fuel gas to the fuel cell;
a fuel exhaust gas discharge pipe that discharges, from the fuel cell, fuel exhaust gas being the fuel gas at least partially used in the anode side;
a mixed exhaust gas discharge pipe that connects the oxidant exhaust gas discharge pipe to the fuel exhaust gas discharge pipe to discharge mixed exhaust gas of the oxidant exhaust gas and the fuel exhaust gas; and
a dilution unit connected to the mixed exhaust gas discharge pipe, into which the mixed exhaust gas is introduced, wherein
the dilution unit includes a stirring chamber that expands from an outlet of the mixed exhaust gas discharge pipe and communicates with the mixed exhaust gas discharge pipe, and
an opening that takes in air into the stirring chamber is formed in a lower face of the stirring chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,396,379

COOLING SYSTEM OF FUEL CELL VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A cooling system of a fuel cell vehicle, comprising:a stack in which a plurality of fuel cells are laminated;
a manifold in which the stack is disposed, and an inside of which cooling water flows to exchange heat with the stack;
a flow control valve installed in the manifold, and is opened and closed to exchange heat of cooling water with the stack based on a temperature of the stack; and
a cooling water flow channel configured to guide the cooling water into the manifold, and which is dually arranged to exchange heat with the stack,
wherein the cooling water flow channel includes:
a normal cooling water flow channel connected directly to at least one of the stack to discharge the cooling water;
a low cooling water flow channel connected to the normal cooling water flow channel and configured to discharge the cooling water to the normal cooling water flow channel based on the temperature of the stack; and
a connector connecting the normal cooling water flow channel and the low cooling water flow channel,
wherein a temperature of the cooling water flowing through the low cooling water flow channel is kept lower than a temperature of the cooling water flowing through the normal cooling water flow channel with the stack in operation, and
wherein the flow control valve is installed in the connector to adjust a flow of the cooling water from the low cooling water flow channel to the normal cooling water flow channel based on the temperature of the stack.

US Pat. No. 10,396,378

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING STACK PERFORMANCE OF FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A device for improving stack performance of a fuel cell system, comprising:a fuel cell controller configured to operate a stack of a normal-pressure fuel cell system,
wherein when the fuel cell controller determines that an operating state of the stack is normal and a current intake air pressure is decreased as a result of monitoring the current intake air pressure, a current output, and an exterior air temperature of the stack, the fuel cell controller is configured to increase the amount of air to be supplied into the stack by adjusting a range of a theoretical air ratio which is a theoretical ratio of an air amount to a coolant temperature in the stack,
wherein the fuel cell controller is configured to control a coolant target temperature to maintain a water balance in the stack when the range of the theoretical air ratio is changed.

US Pat. No. 10,396,377

FUEL CELL DEVICE

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. A fuel cell device comprising:a fuel cell configured to generate power using a fuel gas and an oxygen-containing gas, the power supplied to an external load;
a fuel gas supply device configured to supply the fuel gas to the fuel cell;
an oxygen-containing gas supply device configured to supply the oxygen-containing gas to the fuel cell;
a combusted space where the fuel gas not used for power generation and wasted from the fuel cell is combusted;
an igniter configured to combust the fuel gas not used for power generation and wasted from the fuel cell; and
a controller configured to control operation of the fuel gas supply device, the oxygen-containing gas supply device, and the igniter,
wherein the controller is configured to allow the fuel gas supply device and the oxygen-containing gas supply device to change supply amounts of the fuel gas and the oxygen-containing gas in accordance with changes in power as required by the external load, and
wherein the controller is further configured to allow the fuel gas supply device and the oxygen-containing gas device to supply the fuel gas and the oxygen-containing gas supplied to the fuel cell in a decreased supply amount less than a supply amount to be set in accordance with a decreased power as required by the external load, and configured to cause the igniter to start operation if the power required by the external load decreases and flameout of the combustion in the combusted space is recognized.

US Pat. No. 10,396,376

FUEL CELL VEHICLE CONTROL METHOD AND FUEL CELL VEHICLE CONTROL APPARATUS

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell vehicle control method executed in a fuel cell vehicle having a fuel cell, an air supply device that supplies air to the fuel cell, a drive motor that drives a fuel cell vehicle using power from the fuel cell, and a transmission provided in a power transmission path between the drive motor and drive wheels, the method changing an output current depending on a required generated power of the fuel cell, and adjusting an air supply flow rate of the air supply device depending on the change of the output current, the method comprising:setting the required generated power of the fuel cell to power lower than the required generated power immediately prior to an inertia phase when a gearshift operation of the transmission is under the inertia phase of an upshift operation; and
controlling the air supply flow rate to an inertia phase supply flow rate higher than the air supply flow rate set in response to a decrease of the output current of the fuel cell during the inertia phase.

US Pat. No. 10,396,374

FUEL CELL COOLING SYSTEM

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A fuel cell cooling system circulating a refrigerant in a fuel cell, an air cooler and a radiator by a circulation pump, cooling down the fuel cell by controlling the radiator to dissipate a heat transmitted from the fuel cell to the refrigerant and cooling down an air supplied to the fuel cell by the air cooler, the fuel cell cooling system comprising:an air temperature sensor configured to sense an air detection temperature that is a temperature of the air that flows out of the air cooler and is supplied to the fuel cell;
a computer, including a hardware processor and a non-transitory storage medium storing instructions for execution by the hardware processor such that the computer is at least programmed to:
estimate an air estimation temperature that is the temperature of the air that flows out of the air cooler and is supplied to the fuel cell, based on a temperature of a refrigerant flowing into the air cooler, a power supply quantity that is a quantity of a power supplied to the circulation pump, a temperature of the air flowing into the air cooler and a flow volume of the air; and
determine that a circulation flow volume of the refrigerant is in an abnormal state where the circulation flow volume is smaller than a predetermined flow volume when the air detection temperature sensed by the air temperature sensor is higher than the air estimation temperature estimated by the computer by a value greater than or equal to a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,396,373

PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELL WITH A BELLOWS-SHAPED MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY DEVICE

Tsinghua University, Bei...

1. A proton exchange membrane fuel cell, comprising:a reacting room;
a fuel room in communication with the reacting room through a fuel inputting hole;
a fuel inputting door located on the fuel inputting hole;
a waste room in communication with the reacting room through a waste outputting hole;
a waste outputting door located on the waste outputting hole; and
a membrane electrode assembly device located in the reacting room, wherein the membrane electrode assembly device defines a bellows and a pipe connected to the bellows and extending out of the reacting room, the reacting room is divided into a first electrode space outside the bellows and a second electrode space inside the bellows, volumes of the first electrode space and the second electrode space can be changed by deforming the bellows.

US Pat. No. 10,396,372

ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION CIRCULATION TYPE BATTERY

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. An electrolytic solution circulation type battery comprising:a tank which stores an electrolyte to be circulated to a battery cell; and
a pressure adjustment mechanism configured to adjust the pressure of a gas phase portion in the tank,
wherein the pressure adjustment mechanism includes a pressure adjustment bag which is provided outside the tank and expands or contracts in response to changes in pressure of the gas phase portion in the tank,
the pressure adjustment bag communicates through a duct with the gas phase portion in the tank that contains the electrolyte,
the pressure adjustment bag is made of a layered material including a corrosion protection layer and an oxygen barrier layer disposed on an outer periphery thereof,
the corrosion protection layer is formed of a resin selected from the group including polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, polyethylene, and polytetrafluoroethylene, and
the oxygen barrier layer is formed of an organic material selected from the group including ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymers, polyvinylidene chloride resins, polyvinyl alcohol resins, and nylon 6,
wherein the electrolytic solution circulation type battery further includes a box which contains the pressure adjustment bag and bears the internal pressure of the pressure adjustment bag due to expansion, and a size of the box is smaller than a maximum volume to which the pressure adjustment bag can be expanded,
wherein the size of the box is 80% or more and 98% or less of the maximum volume to which the pressure adjustment bad can be expanded, and
wherein at least part of the box is formed of a transparent member.

US Pat. No. 10,396,371

CONCAVE FUEL CELL KNOCK OUT DRAIN

Ford Global Technologies,...

16. A water removal system for a fuel cell comprising:a reservoir in fluid connection with the fuel cell, the reservoir having a concave, generally conically-shaped bottom wall forming an apex within a cavity of the reservoir, the reservoir further including a valve receptacle extending into the cavity of the reservoir, the valve receptacle defining a drain aperture and an outlet orifice having a bottom edge disposed at the apex of the bottom wall.

US Pat. No. 10,396,370

PASSIVE TORTUOUS PATH DRAIN

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A drain for a directing fluid flow from an enclosure,the drain comprising:
a drain body having a front face and a back face, the front face defining a curved trenched channel having a first curved channel end and a second curved channel end, the curved trenched channel having a loop shape that defines a central elevated section and a peripheral elevated section, the front face also defining a second trenched channel, the drain body defining at least one egress opening in fluid communication with the second trenched channel, the first curved channel end and the second curved channel end in fluid communication with the second trenched channel, the drain adapted to be positioned adjacent to a drain opening in an enclosure such that liquid flows from the drain opening to the curved trenched channel and then to the second trenched channel exiting through the egress opening; and
a retention feature that holds the drain to the enclosure, the retention feature extending from the central elevated section.

US Pat. No. 10,396,369

FUEL CELL STACK

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell stack, comprising:a plurality of cell modules each comprising an integrally stacked plurality of single cells;
a sealing plate intervened between cell modules of the plurality of cell modules;
a manifold that penetrates the plurality of cell modules and the sealing plate between cell modules in a stacking direction to distribute reaction gas, wherein
each single cell of the plurality of single cells comprises a membrane electrode assembly with a peripheral frame and a pair of separators holding the peripheral frame and the membrane electrode assembly therebetween,
the sealing plate has approximately a same length and width as a single cell of the plurality of single cells,
the sealing plate comprises a sealing member that is disposed around the manifold between the sealing plate and a cell module to seal the manifold, and the sealing member comprises an extended portion that extends toward the manifold such that an end face of the extended portion is flush with an inner wall of the manifold.

US Pat. No. 10,396,368

PEM FUEL CELL STACK

WUHAN TROOWIN POWER SYSTE...

1. A fuel cell, comprising:a membrane electrode assembly (MEA); and
a flow field plate assembly which comprises a cathode flow field plate and an anode flow field plate that said MEA is sealed between said cathode flow field plate and said anode flow field plate; wherein said cathode flow field plate has a flat side at an inner side that faces toward said MEA, an opposed channel side, and a plurality of flow channels formed on said channel side of said cathode flow field plate, wherein said flow channels are through channels extended from said channel side of said cathode flow field plate to said flat side thereof for enabling fluid to flow along said flow channels to said MEA so as to promote electrochemical reaction through said MEA and generate electrical energy; wherein said anode flow field plate has a flat side at an inner side, an opposed channel side at an outer side that seals with said MEA, and a fuel channel formed on said channel side of said anode flow field plate for enabling the fuel to be supplied for the MEA therethrough, wherein said anode flow field plate further has two openings formed at two opposed end portions of said anode flow field plate, wherein said openings are through slots extended through said inner side and said outer side of said anode flow field plate, wherein two ends of said fuel channel are extended to said openings respectively for guiding the fuel to flow between said openings through said fuel channel, wherein said fuel channel is formed in a zigzag configuration and is indented on said channel side of said anode flow field plate, wherein said cathode flow field plate further has a plurality of cooling channels formed on said channel side of said cathode flow field plate; and
two sealing gaskets, one of said sealing gaskets being sealed between said flat side of said cathode flow field plate and said MEA, another said sealing gasket being sealed between said flat side of said anode flow field plate and said MEA, wherein said cooling channels are uncovered by said corresponding sealing gasket.

US Pat. No. 10,396,366

BIPOLAR PLATE HAVING A POLYMERIC COATING

Nuvera Fuel Cells, LLC, ...

1. A bipolar plate for an electrochemical cell, comprising:a metal frame and a base; and
a polymeric coating applied to all surfaces of the metal frame;
wherein a first portion of the polymeric coating applied to a first surface of the metal frame is configured to contact the base and a second portion of the polymeric coating applied to a second surface of the metal frame opposite the first surface is configured to contact a second base of an adjacent bipolar plate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,365

DIATOMACEOUS ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES

Printed Energy Pty Ltd, ...

1. A supercapacitor comprising an asymmetric pair of electrodes contacting an electrolyte, wherein each of the electrodes comprises a plurality of frustules, wherein one of the electrodes comprises a zinc oxide, and wherein each of the frustules of the other of the electrodes is coated with carbon nanotubes (CNTs).

US Pat. No. 10,396,364

ELECTRODE, METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME, AND BATTERY USING THE SAME

Jenax Inc., Busan (KR)

1. An electrode comprising:a conductive non-woven fabric sheet which is wound, folded, or bent on itself along a winding, folding, or bending axis to form an electrode package structure, the non-woven fabric sheet, comprising:
a main surface;
an interior formed under the main surface;
a network of conductive fibers;
pores for communicating between the main surface and the interior;
an upper conductive non-woven fabric sheet;
a lower conductive non-woven fabric sheet facing the upper conductive non-woven fabric sheet; and
a tension reinforcing layer arranged between the upper conductive non-woven fabric sheet and the lower conductive non-woven fabric sheet; and
conductive patterns formed on the main surface and extending parallel to the winding, folding, or bending axis so that the conductive non-woven fabric sheet is mechanically reinforced to reduce deformation or break due to stress, the conductive patterns at least partially blocking the pores on the main surface of the conductive non-woven fabric sheet,
wherein the conductive patterns are arranged at corner regions of the electrode package structure at which stresses are concentrated, and
wherein the upper conductive non-woven fabric sheet and the lower conductive non-woven fabric sheet are combined with one another by being bridged to one another via the tension reinforcing layer.

US Pat. No. 10,396,363

COPPER FOIL, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE CURRENT COLLECTOR AND NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY

1. A copper foil including zinc in a content range of 0.02% by mass to 2.7% by mass in the total mass of the entire copper foil,wherein the regions in thicknesses direction from both surfaces of the copper foil that occupy 5% by mass in the total mass of the entire copper foil are referred to as the respective external layers, and a region between one external layer and the other external layer is referred to as an internal layer,
the internal layer comprises copper as a main element and includes 100 ppm or more in total of small-amount elements, and includes zinc at 10% or more in the total mass of zinc included in the entire copper foil;
wherein the small-amount elements in the internal layer comprise:
20 to 470 ppm of carbon,
5 to 600 ppm of sulfur,
15 to 600 ppm of chlorine and
about 397 to 600 ppm of nitrogen.

US Pat. No. 10,396,362

ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL SLURRY, PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF, AND ALL-SOLID SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An electrode active material slurry comprising:a clustered complex and a slurry,
wherein the clustered complex comprises an electrode active material, a solid electrolyte, a conductive material, and a first binder, and the slurry comprises a solvent and a second binder,
wherein the first binder is applied on a surface of the electrode active material, and the second binder is present between the electrode active materials,
wherein the first binder comprises polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).

US Pat. No. 10,396,360

POLYMERIZATION PROCESS FOR FORMING POLYMERIC ULTRATHIN CONFORMAL COATINGS ON ELECTRODE MATERIALS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A negative electrode material for a lithium-ion electrochemical cell comprising:a flexible polymeric ultrathin conformal coating formed on a surface of the negative electrode material selected from the group consisting of: silicon, silicon-containing alloys, tin-containing alloys, and combinations thereof, wherein the flexible polymeric ultrathin conformal coating comprises one or more materials selected from silicon, siloxane, polycaprolactam, polyethylene oxide, and TEMPO methacrylate and the flexible polymeric ultrathin conformal coating has a thickness of less than or equal to about 50 nm and is capable of reversibly elongating by at least 50% from a contracted state to an expanded state in at least one direction to minimize or prevent fracturing of the negative electrode material during lithium ion cycling.

US Pat. No. 10,396,359

METHOD TO STABILIZE LITHIUM / CARBON MONOFLUORIDE BATTERY DURING STORAGE

Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.,...

1. A method comprising:treating a CFx material with a base during the formation of a CFx cathode and having the base present in a isopropyl alcohol/deionized water solution; and
assembling the treated CFx material into a cathode electrode by mixing further additives with the treated CFx material and assembling the cathode electrode with a lithium anode electrode and an electrolyte into a cell;
wherein treating the CFx material with the base is done before assembling the treated CFx material into the cathode by mixing further additives with the treated CFx material such that acidic groups in the CFx material are neutralized before the cathode is assembled.

US Pat. No. 10,396,358

NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising:a positive electrode comprising a positive electrode active material layer;
a negative electrode comprising a negative electrode active material layer;
a separator interposed between the positive electrode active material layer and the negative electrode active material layer; and
a nonaqueous electrolyte solution,whereinthe positive electrode active material layer contains a positive electrode active material and an inorganic phosphate compound that contains an alkali metal and/or an alkaline-earth metal, and
a phosphate ion scavenger that scavenges a phosphate ion is disposed between the positive electrode active material layer and the negative electrode active material layer and/or in the negative electrode active material layer, and wherein
the inorganic phosphate compound is Li3PO4, and
the phosphate ion scavenger is at least one metal oxide particle selected from the group consisting of ZrO2, TiO2, and BaTiO3.

US Pat. No. 10,396,356

NICKEL MANGANESE COMPOSITE HYDROXIDE PARTICLES AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR A NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND A NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

SUMITOMO METAL MINING CO....

1. A manufacturing method for manufacturing a cathode active material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary batterythe cathode active material comprising:
spherical secondary particles formed with aggregated primary particles of a lithium nickel manganese composite oxide, the lithium nickel manganese composite oxide expressed by the general formula:
Li1+uNixMnyCozMtO2
wherein
?0.05?u?0.50,
x+y+z+t=1,
0.3?x?0.7,
0.1?y?0.55,
0?z?0.4,
0?t?0.1, and
M is an added element selected from one or more elements from among Mg, Ca, Al, Ti, V, Cr, Zr, Nb, Mo and W;
wherein the secondary particles comprise
a layered hexagonal crystalline structure,
an average particle size of 2 to 8 ?m,
a value of 0.60 or less of index [(d90?d10)/average particle size] indicating an extent of a particle size distribution,
a specific surface area of 1 to 2 m2/g, and
a hollow structure comprising a hollow section inside in a center section of the secondary particles and an outer shell section on the outside of the hollow section formed with the aggregated primary particles and the thickness of the outer shell section being 0.5 to 2.5 ?m;
the manufacturing method comprising:
a mixing step of mixing a lithium compound into nickel manganese composite hydroxide particles,
the nickel manganese composite hydroxide particles comprising:
spherical secondary particles formed with aggregated primary particles of a nickel manganese composite hydroxide, the nickel manganese composite hydroxide expressed by the general formula:
NixMnyCozMt(OH)2+a
wherein
x+y+z+t=1,
0.3?x?0.7, 0.1?y?0.55,
0?z?0.4,
0?t?0.1,
0?a?0.5, and
M is an added element selected from one or more elements from among Mg, Ca, Al, Ti, V, Cr, Zr, Nb, Mo and W;
wherein nickel manganese composite hydroxide particles comprise
an average particle size of 3 to 7 ?m,
a value of 0.55 or less of index [(d90?d10)/average particle size] indicating an extent of a particle size distribution, and
a layered structure comprising a center section formed with fine primary particles, and an outer shell section on the outside of the center section formed with plate shaped or needle shaped primary particles that are larger than the fine primary particles, and the thickness of the outer shell section being 0.3 to 3 ?m; and
a calcination step of performing calcination of a mixture of the lithium compound and the nickel manganese composite hydroxide particles formed in the mixing step in an oxygen atmosphere at a temperature of 800° C. to 980° C.

US Pat. No. 10,396,354

METHODS FOR PREPARING ANODES FROM ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL PARTICLES WITH LITHIUM BORATES AND PHOSPHATES COATINGS

StoreDot Ltd., Herzeliya...

1. A method for preparing a lithium ion cell, comprising:replacing a native oxide on a surface of anode active material particles that comprise at least one of Si, Ge, Sn and Al, by a layer of B2O3,
coating the anode active material particles by at least one coating that comprises at least one of a boron oxide, a phosphorus oxide, a borate, a phosphate and/or salts thereof,
preparing an anode from the anode active material particles, and
preparing a lithium ion cell using the prepared anode.

US Pat. No. 10,396,353

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUE

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A method of producing a negative electrode material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery containing negative electrode active material particles, the method comprising:producing a silicon compound expressed by SiOx where 0.5?x?1.6;
coating a surface of the silicon compound with a carbon coating composed of a substance at least partially containing carbon;
estimating a density of the carbon coating on the silicon compound;
performing adsorption-desorption isotherm measurement with nitrogen gas on the silicon compound with the carbon coating;
selecting, from the silicon compound with the carbon coating, a silicon compound having the carbon coating with a density ranging from 1.2 g/cm3 to 1.9 g/cm3 and having a characteristic of type II or type III adsorption-desorption isotherm in the IUPAC classification as obtained by the adsorption-desorption isotherm measurement with nitrogen gas; and
using the selected silicon compound coated with the carbon coating as the negative electrode active material particles to produce the negative electrode material.

US Pat. No. 10,396,352

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME, AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY SYSTEM

Maxell Holdings, Ltd., K...

1. A non-aqueous electrolyte battery comprising an electrode body in which a positive electrode and a negative electrode are laminated with a separator interposed therebetween, and a non-aqueous electrolyte,wherein the negative electrode has a laminated body including a metal base layer that does not form an alloy with Li, and Al active layers respectively bonded to both faces of the metal base layer,
Li—Al alloys are formed at least on surface sides of the Al active layers,anda Li content is 3 to 48 at % when a total of and Al in the Al active layer is taken as 100 at %.

US Pat. No. 10,396,351

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD OF PRODUCING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL PARTICLES

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A negative electrode material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, comprisingnegative electrode active material particles comprising a silicon compound expressed by SiOx, where 0.5?x?1.6, and a coating layer composed of an organic polymer coating the silicon compound, wherein
the silicon compound contains Li2SiO3 inside, and
the organic polymer comprises at least one of polyacrylic acid and an alkali metal salt thereof, and carboxymethyl cellulose and an alkali metal salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,396,348

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, METHOD OF PRODUCING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A negative electrode material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, comprising a conductive powder composed of silicon-based active material particles coated with a conductive carbon film, whereinthe conductive carbon film exhibit a d-band having a peak half width of 100 cm?1 or more, the d-band being determined from a Raman spectrum of the conductive carbon film, the silicon-based active material particles are particles of a silicon oxide expressed by SiOx where 0.5?x?1.6,
the silicon-based active material particles comprise silicon fine crystals dispersed in a silicon oxide, the silicon fine crystals having a crystallite size ranging from 1 to 9 nm, and
the conductive carbon film has a two-layer structure comprising a first carbon film being in contact with an outer surface of the silicon-based active material particles and a second carbon film being in contact with an outer surface of the first carbon film, the first carbon film being composed of a carbon material containing 70 mass % or more of a carbon compound having 3 or more carbon atoms, the second carbon film being composed of a carbon material containing 70 mass % of more of a carbon compound having 1 to 2 carbon atoms, wherein
the total carbon amount of the first carbon film and the second carbon film is in the range of 1 to 40 mass % with respect to the silicon-based active material particles.

US Pat. No. 10,396,346

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method of manufacturing a negative electrode for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, the method comprising:mixing negative electrode active material particles and ferroelectric particles with each other to form first composite particles in which the ferroelectric particles are attached to the negative electrode active material particles;
mixing the first composite particles and a first binder with each other to form second composite particles;
mixing the second composite particles with a second binder to form granulated particles having a solid content concentration of 70 mass % or higher and lower than 90 mass %;
applying pressure to an aggregate of the granulated particles to form a sheet-shaped negative electrode mixture layer; and
arranging the negative electrode mixture layer on a main surface of a negative electrode current collector foil.

US Pat. No. 10,396,345

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRODE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method for manufacturing an electrode, the method comprising:a step of preparing a collector;
a coating step of applying an electrode active material to one surface or both surfaces of the collector to manufacture an initial electrode; and
a first cutting step of cutting the initial electrode coated with the electrode active material to manufacture a plurality of middle-stage electrodes,
wherein each of the middle-stage electrodes comprises two coating portions that are areas coated with the electrode active material and a non-coating portion that is an area which is not coated with the electrode active material, the coating portions are spaced apart from each other,
wherein, in the first cutting step, the initial electrode is cut so that for at least one of the plurality of middle-stage electrodes, the two coating portions have an overall length that is different than an overall length of two coating portions for at least one other middle-stage electrode, and
wherein, in each of the middle-stage electrodes, each of the two coating portions has a same length.

US Pat. No. 10,396,344

DRYING METHOD AND BATTERY MANUFACTURING METHOD

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A drying method that dries an electrode layer including a binder and a solvent, the drying method comprising:a first step of blowing a gas onto a first area of the electrode layer to volatilize the solvent, the electrode layer being coated on a base material; and
a second step of blowing a gas onto a second area of the electrode layer to volatilize the solvent, the second area being located around the first area,
wherein the first area and the second area are arranged in a staggered manner,
in the first step, by non-uniformly volatilizing the solvent, the binder diffuses such that a concentration of the binder in the first area is higher than a concentration of the binder in the second area on a surface of the electrode layer, and
in the second step, by non-uniformly volatilizing the solvent, the binder diffuses such that the concentration of the binder in the first area is lower than the concentration of the binder in the second area on the surface of the electrode layer.

US Pat. No. 10,396,342

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SECONDARY CELL HAVING A WOUND BODY EFFECTIVELY IMPREGNATED WITH ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method for manufacturing a secondary cell, comprising:a step of depressurizing an interior of a cell case having a pouring hole;
a step of pouring an electrolytic solution into the depressurized cell case;
a step of impregnating a wound body with the electrolytic solution from both axial end portions of the wound body;
a step of returning a wound body external space, which is a space between the cell case and the wound body, to atmospheric pressure;
a step of pre-sealing the cell case after the wound body external space is returned to atmospheric pressure;
a step of increasing the impregnated amount of the electrolytic solution in the both axial end portions of the wound body in order to reduce a difference in pressure between the wound body external space and a wound body internal space, which is an internal space of the wound body, after the pre-sealing the cell case, and air-tightly sealing the wound body internal space with respect to the wound body external space with the impregnated electrolytic solution;
a step of canceling the pre-sealing of the cell case and returning the wound body external space to atmospheric pressure to pressurize the wound body external space, which has been reduced in the difference in pressure; and
a step of sealing the pouring hole of the cell case after the pre-sealing of the cell is cancelled and the wound body external space is returned to atmospheric pressure.