US Pat. No. 10,392,746

METHOD FOR PREVENTING SCALE FORMATION

Kemira Oyj, Helsinki (FI...

1. A method for preventing or decreasing scale formation on process surfaces in manufacturing process of paper or board, wherein pH of the process water is >7, said method comprising adding performic acid as an antiscaling agent to process water of the paper or board manufacturing process, whereby the pH value of the process water changes less than 1 pH unit after the addition of performic acid.
US Pat. No. 10,392,492

POLYPROPYLENE COMPOSITION SUITABLE FOR PRIMERLESS PAINTING

BOREALIS AG, Vienna (AT)...

1. Polypropylene composition (C), the polypropylene composition (C) comprising:(a) 40.0 to 80.0 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of a propylene copolymer (R-PP) wherein the propylene copolymer (R-PP) comprises two fractions, a first propylene copolymer fraction (R-PP1) and a second propylene copolymer fraction (R-PP2), said first propylene copolymer fraction (R-PP1) differs from said second propylene copolymer fraction (R-PP2) in the comonomer content; wherein the propylene copolymer (R-PP) having
(a1) a comonomer content in the range of 1.5 to 8.0 wt. %, and
(a2) a melt flow rate MFR2 (230° C.) measured according to ISO 1133 in the range of 5.0 to 100.0 g/10 min, and
wherein the propylene copolymer (R-PP) has:
(a3) a glass transition temperature in the range of ?12 to +2° C.; and/or
(a4) no glass transition temperature below ?20° C.; and
(b) 20.0 to 40.0 wt. %, based on the total weight of the composition, of a mineral filler (F) being selected from the group consisting of talcum, wollastonite, kaolin, and mica,
wherein the polypropylene composition (C) has a melt flow rate MFR2 (230° C.) measured according to ISO 1133 in the range of 5.0 to 45.0 g/10 min.
US Pat. No. 10,392,493

DISPERSION SOLUTION, ORGANIC/INORGANIC HYBRID MATERIAL AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF

Industrial Technology Res...

1. A dispersion solution, comprising:a first solvent;
a second solvent miscible with the first solvent, wherein boiling points of the first solvent and the second solvent are different;
an inorganic nano sheet material dispersed in the first solvent, wherein the inorganic nano sheet material is an un-modified inorganic sheet material; and
a polymer dissolved in the second solvent, wherein the polymer is polyimide (PI),
wherein the inorganic nano sheet material is not dispersed in the second solvent, and the dispersion solution is a suspended emulsion and has an absorbance peak in a wavelength range of from 350 nm to 650 nm.
US Pat. No. 10,392,494

LATENT THICKENERS, RHEOLOGY CONTROL KIT AND MULTI-COMPONENT SYSTEMS

BYK-Chemie GmbH, Wesel (...

1. Rheology control kit for thickening two- or multi-component systems, comprisingat least one module A, containing
(a1) at least 80% by weight based on the weight of a solid body in module A of one or more inorganic thickeners and
(a2) at least one wetting and dispersing agent that
(a21) inhibits the thickening effect of the inorganic thickener (a1) and at least one module B, containing
(b1) at least 80% by weight based on the weight of a solid body of module B of at least one polymer that
(b 11) at least partially removes the inhibition of the thickening effect of the inorganic thickener (a1).
US Pat. No. 10,392,750

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MONITORING A WEAR STRUCTURE, IN PARTICULAR A SEALING STRUCTURE

Voith Patent GmbH, Heide...

1. A sealing assembly, comprising:a device for monitoring a sealing structure including at least one sealing element for sealing at least one negative or positive pressure zone adjoining a surface moving in a direction of movement in a machine for producing or processing a fibrous web;
at least one wear sensor associated with said at least one sealing element;
a signal transmission device for transmitting a signal from said at least one wear sensor; and
a computer system receiving the signal from said signal transmission device, said computer system being configured to carry out the following steps:
providing a time z0 at which the sealing element became operational;
providing a time z1 at which a defined first level of wear of the sealing element was reached;
providing at least one further characteristic variable describing a machine speed, operating times of the machine, stoppage times of the machine, at least one of type or quantity of products being produced, or a contact pressure of the sealing element onto the moving surface; and
predicting a remaining operating time of the sealing element from the times z0 and z1 and the at least one further characteristic variable.
US Pat. No. 10,391,725

SUCKER ROD

1. A method of making a sucker rod component comprising the steps of:providing a sucker rod material;
wherein said chosen sucker rod material is chosen from a list of sucker rod materials consisting of fiberglass and carbon fiber;
providing graphene platelets;
providing an epoxy material;
forming a plurality of strands from said sucker rod material;
coating said plurality of strands with a portion of said graphene platelets;
mixing a portion of said epoxy material with a portion of said graphene platelets;
bonding said plurality of strands together using said mix of said epoxy material and said graphene platelets; and
forming said sucker rod component from said bonded plurality of strands.
US Pat. No. 10,392,495

POLYVINYL ACETAL COMPOSITION

KURARAY CO., LTD., Kuras...

1. A composition, comprising:100 parts by mass of a polyvinyl acetal; and
30 to 70 parts by mass of a plasticizer comprising 0.5 to 100% by mass of a first plasticizer and 0 to 99.5% by mass of a second plasticizer, a total of the first plasticizer and the second plasticizer being 100% by mass,
wherein the first plasticizer comprises a hydroxyl group and is an ester compound,
wherein the second plasticizer is a compound that does not comprise a polar group selected from the group consisting of a hydroxyl group, a polyethylene oxide group having a polymerization degree of 10 or more, a polypropylene oxide group having a polymerization degree of 10 or more, a carboxyl group, and an amino group, and
wherein when the polyvinyl acetal is analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography using a column having an inner diameter of 4 mm and a length of 1 cm, the polyvinyl acetal exhibits a first peak and a second peak derived from polyvinyl acetals, the column being filled with spherical silica gel surface-modified with an octadecylsilyl group, serving as a stationary phase,
wherein the polyvinyl acetal is a mixture of polyvinyl acetal (A) and polyvinyl acetal (B) having different average amounts of remaining hydroxyl groups.
US Pat. No. 10,391,470

SOL-GEL DERIVED COMPOSITIONS

ABS Materials, Inc., Woo...

1. A sol-gel composition obtained from at least a first alkoxysilane precursor and a second alkoxysilane precursor, where at least the second alkoxysilane precursor is a bis(trialkoxysilylalkyl)benzene that is 1,4-bis(trimethoxysilylmethyl)benzene (BTB), bis(triethoxysilylethyl)benzene (BTEB), or a mixture thereof, and where the sol-gel composition is swellable to at least 1.5 times its dry volume, when placed in excess acetone.
US Pat. No. 10,392,496

POLYOLEFIN PIPE

Uponor Innovation AB, Vi...

1. A polymeric pipe formed from:a polyolefin structural polymer;
a photoinitiator in an amount of 0.02 to 3% by weight;
a co-agent in an amount of 0.02 to 10%, by weight;
an antioxidant in an amount of 0.1 to 1% by weight; and
a scavenger in an amount of 0.01 to 2% by weight;
wherein the photoinitiator is one or more of benzophenone, benzophenone substituted at the 4-position and benzophenone substituted at the 4 and 4?-position;
wherein the co-agent comprises at least one carbon-carbon double bond; and
wherein the scavenger is one of (C6-C30 alkyl)NCO, OCN(C6-C30 alkyl)NCO, cycloalkyl isocyanates, multi-functional isocyanates, oligomeric isocyanates, polymeric isocyanates, nanoparticles, or a combination thereof.
US Pat. No. 10,392,752

PAPER COMPOSITION AND PROCESS FOR MAKING THE SAME

DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES L...

1. A paper composition comprising, based on the total weight of the paper composition,a) from 15 wt. % to 70 wt. % a hiding composite,
wherein the hiding composite comprises based on the total weight of the hiding composite, from 30 wt. % to 75 wt. % pigment particles and from 25 wt. % to 70 wt. % a thermoplastic polymer,
wherein the pigment particles are hydrophobically treated by silanization, the surface tension of the pigment particles is from 0.1 to 50 mN/m, and the surface tension difference between the pigment particles and the thermoplastic polymer is less than 40 mN/m; and
b) from 30 wt. % to 85 wt. % a paper pulp.
US Pat. No. 10,392,497

RUBBER COMPOSITIONS INCLUDING SILICEOUS FILLERS

Bridgestone Corporation, ...

1. A process for making a filled rubber composition, said process comprising (a) providing filler particles that comprise oxides of silicon and bound residues of one or more compounds having the general formula YR1L where L is a group that contains at least one Si—O bond, R1 is a hydrocarbylene group, and Y is a functionality that comprises a —OH, —SH, —NHR2, —CN, —C(O)R2 or —NCO group in which R2 is H or a substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbyl group, and (b) blending(1) a polymer that comprises
(i) ethylenic unsaturation and
(ii) pendent or terminal functionality which comprises an aryl group having at least two substituents defined by the formula —OR, wherein R is H or a hydrolyzable group, or an oxidation product thereof; with
(2) said filler particles.
US Pat. No. 10,392,753

RECORDING MEDIUM

1. A recording medium, comprising:a web structure formed by web fibers and carrying microwires having a metal core of a predetermined material composition comprising a soft-magnetic amorphous metal alloy capable of providing a response signal to an oscillating magnetic field, and an insulating layer coating on said metal core;
at least one coating layer on at least one side of said web structure;
wherein said web structure comprises a layer comprising the web fibers and the microwires which have the metal core of a cross-sectional dimension not exceeding 15 ?m and length substantially not exceeding 10 mm and which are fully embedded in said layer being substantially uniformly distributed within a plane defined by said layer and arranged with a desirably high density that is higher than 1.0 per square centimeter in said layer for improving detectability of the response signals from the microwires when said recording medium is exposed to the oscillating magnetic field.
US Pat. No. 10,392,498

FIBER REINFORCED POLYPROPYLENE COMPOSITION WITH HIGH STRAIN AT BREAK

Borealis AG, Vienna (AT)...

1. A fiber reinforced composition comprising(a) 5.0 to 89.5 wt. % of a heterophasic polypropylene copolymer (HECO),
(b) 5.0 to 89.5 wt. % of a propylene polymer (PP) having a melt flow rate MFR2 at 230° C. measured according to ISO 1133 of 1-150 g/10 min,
(c) 5.0 to 65.0 wt. % of Glass fibers (GF) and
(d) 0.5 to 5.0 wt. % of a polar modified polypropylene as adhesion promoter (AP),
based on the total weight of the fiber reinforced composition, wherein
(i) the heterophasic polypropylene copolymer (HECO) having a xylene cold soluble (XCS) content in the range of 10.0 to lower than 25.0 wt. % based on the heterophasic polypropylene copolymer (HECO);
(ii) the xylene cold soluble (XCS) fraction of the heterophasic polypropylene copolymer (HECO) having a comonomer content in the range of 15.0 to 35.0 wt. %, and an intrinsic viscosity (IV) of lower than 2.0 dl/g,
wherein the weight ratio between the heterophasic polypropylene copolymer (HECO) and the propylene polymer (PP) is in the range of 1:5 to 1:1.
US Pat. No. 10,391,473

POLYMER-PROTECTED SORBENT

Electric Power Research I...

1. A sorbent for capturing a trace level chemical species, comprising:a sorbent having a single body of a predetermined geometric shape and an outer surface and comprising a plurality of sorbent particles capable of capturing a chemical species, wherein the predetermined geometric shape of said sorbent is formed by said plurality of sorbent particles; and
a polymer covering at least a portion of the outer surface of said sorbent, wherein said polymer conforms to and has a corresponding shape of the portion.
US Pat. No. 10,391,474

PROCESS FOR PREPARATION OF HYDROCARBON FUEL FROM WASTE RUBBER

Reliance Industries Limit...

1. A process for preparing hydrocarbon fuel from waste rubber; said process comprising the following steps:a. admixing, in a reaction vessel, water with said waste rubber to obtain a slurry; wherein a concentration of said waste rubber in said slurry ranges from 45% to 70 weight %;
b. charging the reaction vessel with a predetermined amount of at least one catalyst composition to obtain a mixture;
c. introducing hydrogen to said reaction vessel to attain a pressure in a range of 1 to 50 bar followed by heating said mixture for a predetermined time period, at a predetermined temperature to attain an autogenously generated pressure in a range of 70 to 300 bar to obtain a reaction mass comprising hydrocarbon fuel;
d. cooling said reaction mass to obtain a cooled reaction mass; and
e. separating said hydrocarbon fuel from said cooled reaction mass
wherein said cooled reaction mass comprises liquid hydrocarbon fuel in a range of 78 to 96 weight % and gaseous products and solid products in a range of 4 to 22 weight %.
US Pat. No. 10,392,500

COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR LIQUID MIXING ASSESSMENT

Siemens Healthcare Diagno...

1. A composition consisting of an aqueous solution of an organic dye of molecular weight in the range of about 300 to about 1,000 Dalton and a density-enhancing material wherein an amount of the density-enhancing material in the aqueous solution is sufficient to achieve a density of about 1.0 to about 1.3 g/mL and wherein the composition has a viscosity of about 3.5 to about 5.0 centipoise, wherein the organic dye isan aromatic azo dye, or
a triarlymethane dye, or is
selected from the group consisting of Erioglaucine, Ponceau S, Allura Red, Acid Red, Malachite Green, and Amaranth.
US Pat. No. 10,392,501

RUBBER MIX TO PRODUCE TYRES

BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION, ...

1. A rubber mix comprising at least one cross-linkable polymer base, a reinforcing filler, a vulcanization system, a reinforcing resin, and a dithiol chemical represented by formula (I):SH(CH2)nSH  (I),
wherein, in formula (I), n is an integer ranging from 3 to 12;
said dithiol chemical is present in the mix in a quantity ranging from 5 to 20 phr;
said reinforcing filler is present in the mix in a quantity ranging from 5 to 30 phr;
said reinforcing resin is present in the mix in a quantity ranging from 1 to 50 phr;
said reinforcing resin is a two-component resin; and
a methyl acceptor chemical of said two-component resin is added to the mix in preparation in a masterbatch mixing step and a methylene donor chemical is added to the mix in preparation together with said vulcanization system.
US Pat. No. 10,395,829

DIELECTRIC RESIN COMPOSITION FOR FILM CAPACITOR AND FILM CAPACITOR

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A dielectric resin composition for a film capacitor, the dielectric resin composition comprising:a cured mixture containing a first organic material and a second organic material, wherein
the first organic material includes at least two kinds of organic material components, each having reactive groups that cross-link with each other;
the second organic material does not have a reactive site that reacts with the first organic material and has a dielectric loss tan ? of 0.3% or less at a temperature of 125° C.; and
the mixture has a glass transition temperature of 130° C. or higher,
the first organic material is a thermosetting resin,
the second organic material is a thermoplastic resin, and
the first organic material and the second organic material are soluble in a same organic solvent.
US Pat. No. 10,391,477

MULTIMETALLIC CATALYSTS

UChicago Argonne, LLC, C...

1. A catalyst for n-butane dehydrogenation comprising:a substrate surface consisting essentially of an oxide;
a promoter comprising an oxide consisting of MOx where M is a transition metal or main group elemental and x is greater than 0, the promoter deposited on the substrate;
a catalytic material comprising a platinum group metal, a first dopant and a second dopant;
the first dopant selected from the group consisting of Group 13 cations, Group 1 cations, and Group 2 cations;
wherein the platinum group metal is between the promoter and the first dopant.
US Pat. No. 10,391,478

NOX ADSORBER CATALYST

Johnson Matthey Public Li...

1. A NOx adsorber catalyst composition comprising a support material and one or more platinum group metals disposed on the support material;wherein the one or more platinum group metals is selected from the group consisting of palladium, platinum, or a mixture or alloy of platinum and palladium;
wherein the support material comprises alumina, ceria, a ceria/zirconia mixed or composite oxide, or a magnesia/alumina mixed or composite oxide; and
wherein the support material comprises a mixed dopant NOx storage enhancer, wherein the mixed dopant NOx storage enhancer comprises a plurality of elements selected from the group consisting of scandium, yttrium, lanthanum, praseodymium, neodymium, promethium, samarium, europium, gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, lutetium, beryllium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, and radium, or metal oxides thereof; wherein the mixed dopant NOx storage enhancer is selected from a mixture of neodymium and samarium, gadolinium and praseodymium, lanthanum and samarium, lanthanum and strontium, samarium and strontium, calcium and strontium, or magnesium and strontium, or metal oxides thereof.
US Pat. No. 10,392,505

THERMOPLASTIC POLYESTER RESIN COMPOSITION AND MOLDED ARTICLE

TORAY INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. A thermoplastic polyester resin composition, comprising:a thermoplastic polyester resin (A);
a multivalent hydroxyl compound (B) having five or more hydroxyl groups in an amount of 0.1 to 10 parts by weight relative to 100 parts by weight of (A); and
a multifunctional epoxy compound (C) in an amount of 0.1 to 10 parts by weight relative to 100 parts by weight of (A),
wherein the thermoplastic polyester resin (A) is at least one member selected from the group consisting of polyethylene terephthalate, polypropylene terephthalate, polybutylene terephthalate, polybutylene isophthalate/terephthalate copolymer, polybutylene terephthalate/decanedicarboxylate copolymer and polybutylene terephthalate/polytetramethylene glycol copolymer, and
wherein the thermoplastic polyester resin composition satisfies (i) and (ii) below:
(i) a ratio of parts by weight of the multivalent hydroxyl compound (B) having five or more hydroxyl groups to parts by weight of the multifunctional epoxy compound (C) ((parts by weight of the multivalent hydroxyl compound (B) having five or more hydroxyl groups relative to 100 parts by weight of (A))/(parts by weight of the multifunctional epoxy group (C) relative to 100 parts by weight of (A))) is 2 to 5; and
(ii) upon being molded, the thermoplastic polyester resin composition has a retention rate of tensile strength of not lower than 60%, wherein the tensile strength is measured with respect to a ? inch (approximately 3.2 mm) test piece molded in conformity with ASTM D638 (in 2005) and is determined according to the expression given below:
(tensile strength after exposure in the atmosphere at temperature of 160° C. for 4000 hours)/(initial tensile strength)×100.
US Pat. No. 10,391,480

METHODS OF PRODUCING HIERARCHICAL BETA ZEOLITES WITH TUNABLE MESOPOROSITY THROUGH PORE DIRECTING AGENT ASSISTED BASE LEACHING

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method for producing mesoporous beta zeolites comprising:providing parent beta zeolites having a molar ratio of silicon to aluminum of at least 10;
selecting a target average mesopore size between 2 nm and 8 nm for the parent beta zeolites;
selecting a pore directing agent (PDA) based on the target average mesopore size, where a small cationic surfactant is selected as the PDA when the target average mesopore size is at least 5 nm, and a large cationic surfactant is selected as the PDA when the target average mesopore size is less than 5 nm, where the large cationic surfactant has a molecular weight of greater than 100 grams/mole, and the small cationic surfactant has a molecular weight of less than 100 grams/mole;
adding the selected PDA to an alkaline solution to form a PDA-base mixture; and
adding the parent beta zeolites to the PDA-base mixture to produce the mesoporous beta zeolites having an average mesopore size corresponding to the target average mesopore size.
US Pat. No. 10,396,347

POSITIVE ELECTRODE FOR AIR BATTERY, AIR BATTERY USING THE POSITIVE ELECTRODE, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE POSITIVE ELECTRODE

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TEC...

1. A positive electrode for an air battery, comprising an expanded graphite sheet containing expanded graphite and Nb dispersed within the sheet; wherein the Nb is contained in a weight proportion of 5 ppm to 50,000 ppm with respect to the expanded graphite.
US Pat. No. 10,392,507

SILICONE ELASTOMER, COMPOSITION, AND OPTICAL COUPLING ELEMENT

1. An optical coupling element, comprising:a molded silicone elastomer comprising a plasticizer component formed by or containing oil or an oil blend, wherein the oil or at least one oil of the oil blend has a viscosity that is equal to or less than 350 mm2/s, and/or being produced out of a composition comprising a silicone rubber component, a cross-linking component, a cross-linking catalyst and the plasticizer component, the silicone elastomer being capable of being manually handled, wherein the optical coupling element is arranged between a sensor and the inside of a vehicle window pane.
US Pat. No. 10,392,252

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HIGH MASS CONCENTRATION NANO PARTICLE GENERATION

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A furnace tube for generating nano particles comprising:a. a vaporization chamber, the vaporization chamber having an input end and an output end,
b. a heating element in proximity to said furnace tube, the heating element capable of heating bulk materials contained within a gas flow in the vaporization chamber to a temperature sufficient to convert the bulk materials to a vapor phase,
c. a dilution chamber having an input end, a cup receiver and an output end, the output end of the vaporization chamber in communication with the input end of the dilution chamber,
d. wherein the cup receiver has a cup receiver outlet at the outlet end and wherein the dilution chamber further comprises a dilution gas port disposed at the outlet end of the dilution chamber that is separate from the outlet of the cup receiver.
US Pat. No. 10,392,509

HIGH-GRADE ASPHALT COMPOSITION HAVING WATERPROOF FUNCTION AND CONSTRUCTION METHOD USING THE SAME

KOREA ROAD TECHNOLOGY CO....

1. A high-grade asphalt composition to repair road and bridge deck pavements, comprising:100 parts by weight of an asphalt mixture comprising 70-80 wt. % of a petroleum-based asphalt and 20-30 wt. % of a natural asphalt, the natural asphalt comprising at least one of Trinidad lake asphalt and Trinidad epure asphalt;
40-80 parts by weight of styrene-isoprene-styrene;
20-60 parts by weight of a polymer resin, the polymer resin comprising at least one selected from among a polyester, a thermoplastic polyurethane elastomer, a methyl methacrylate, a polyamide, and mixtures thereof;
10-50 parts by weight of an anti-rutting agent, the anti-rutting agent comprising a polyethylene, an ethylene vinyl acetate, a polybutene, a high-impact polystyrene, a polypropylene, or a mixture of two or more thereof;
2-15 parts by weight of a filler, the filler comprising at least one of the following: bentonite, barium sulfate and aluminum hydroxide;
5-30 parts by weight of ceramic nanoparticles, the ceramic nanoparticles comprising silicon carbide, alumina, silica, zirconia-silica, ZnO, and TiO2;
5-10 parts by weight of a binder, the binder comprising petroleum-based resin, phenolic resin or a mixture thereof;
3-15 parts by weight of an antioxidant, the antioxidant being a bisphenol-, monophenol- or sulfur-based antioxidant;
1-10 parts by weight of a stabilizer, the stabilizer comprising acrylic polyol resin, non-yellowing polyurea resin, polyisocyanate, or a mixture of two or more thereof;
5-20 parts by weight of a fiber, the fiber comprising any one or a mixture of two or more selected from among asbestos, rock wool, polypropylene, polyester, natural cellulose fibers and mineral fibers; and
2-20 parts by weight of an adhesion promoter, the adhesion promoter comprising hydroxyethyl acryloyl phosphate, hydroxyethyl methacrylate phosphate, or a mixture thereof.
US Pat. No. 10,392,510

MODIFIED ASPHALT WITH GELATINOUS CARRIER MATERIAL

1. A method for making a modified asphalt material, comprising the steps of:(a) mixing a modifier material with asphalt to form an asphalt mixture;
(b) mixing a gelatinous carrier material with an acidic activator material at an initial temperature of 60-85° C. to form a solid crosslinking agent, wherein said gelatinous material:
i. is derived from one of an animal material and agricultural product having a specific gravity in the vicinity of 0.79 grams per centimeter squared; and
ii. is 35-65% by weight of said acidic activator material; and
(c) mixing said solid crosslinking agent with said asphalt mixture to produce a modified asphalt material which has improved rheological, separation and solubility characteristics.
US Pat. No. 10,391,485

MICROFLUIDIC ELECTROCAGE DEVICE AND CELL MEDIUM FOR TRAPPING AND ROTATING CELLS FOR LIVE-CELL COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY (CT)

ARIZONA BOARD OF REGENTS,...

1. A method of fabricating a microfluidic device useable to perform live cell computed tomography imaging, the method comprising:(a) cleaning a first wafer and a second wafer;
(b) depositing at least one metal layer on each of the first wafer and the second wafer;
(c) depositing a positive photoresist layer over the deposited at least one metal layer of each of the first wafer and the second wafer;
(d) impinging UV light on portions of the positive photoresist layer of each of the first wafer and the second wafer to pattern the positive photoresist layer, and applying a first developer solution to wash away UV light-impinged portions of the positive photoresist layer, thereby defining recesses in the positive photoresist layer that expose regions of the at least one metal layer on each of the first wafer and the second wafer;
(e) wet etching the exposed regions of the least one metal layer on each of the first wafer and the second wafer to pattern the at least one metal layer;
(f) removing the positive photoresist layer of each of the first wafer and the second wafer;
(g) defining at least one aperture through the first wafer, whereby after such at least one aperture is defined, a microfluidic device cover portion is obtained;
(h) coating the second wafer with first negative photoresist to cover the patterned at least one metal layer;
(i) impinging UV light on portions of the first negative photoresist coating the second wafer to pattern the first negative photoresist, and applying a second developer solution to wash away portions of the first negative photoresist not impinged by UV light, thereby producing recesses in the first negative photoresist that expose regions of the at least one metal layer on the second wafer, to form a microfluidic device base portion; and
(j) applying a UV curable bonding agent to at least one of the microfluidic device cover portion or the microfluidic device base portion, arranging the microfluidic device cover portion and the microfluidic device base portion with the UV curable bonding agent in contact therebetween, and curing the UV curable bonding agent by impingement of UV light to accomplish joining between the microfluidic device cover portion and the microfluidic device base portion;
wherein the resulting microfluidic device includes at least one cavity bounded by (i) patterned portions of the first negative photoresist, (ii) an exposed region of the at least one metal layer on the first wafer, and (iii) an exposed region of the at least one metal layer on the second wafer, and wherein the exposed region of the at least one metal layer on the first wafer and the exposed region of the at least one metal layer on the second wafer are configured as electrodes to provide electrocage utility.
US Pat. No. 10,392,254

CARBON FILM AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

ZEON CORPORATION, Chiyod...

1. A carbon film, comprising:a plurality of fibrous carbon nanostructures; and a conductive carbon, wherein
the plurality of fibrous carbon nanostructures has a BET specific surface area of 500 m2/g or more, and
the plurality of fibrous carbon nanostructures and the conductive carbon are in contact and are not physically fused.
US Pat. No. 10,391,742

STEEL FOR CARBURIZING, CARBURIZED STEEL COMPONENT, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...

1. A steel for a carburizing comprising as a chemical composition, by mass %,C: 0.07% to 0.13%,
Si: 0.0001% to 0.50%,
Mn: 0.0001% to 0.80%,
S: 0.0001% to 0.100%,
Cr: more than 1.30% to 5.00%,
B: 0.0005% to 0.0100%,
Al: 0.105% to 0.200%,
N: 0.0030% to 0.0100%,
Ti: limited to 0.020% or less,
P: limited to 0.050% or less,
O: limited to 0.0030% or less, and
a balance consisting of iron and unavoidable impurities, wherein:
amounts expressed in mass % of each element in the chemical composition satisfy simultaneously a following Equation 1 as a hardness parameter, a following Equation 2 as a hardenability parameter, and a following Equation 3 as an AlN precipitation parameter;
a shape is a bar or a wire rod in which a cross section perpendicular to a longitudinal direction is round; and
when a distance from a periphery to a center of the cross section is defined as r in unit of mm, in a metallographic structure of a surface layer which is a portion from the periphery to r×0.01, a ferrite and a pearlite are limited before spheroidizing annealing, by area %, to 10% or less in total, and a balance includes at least one of martensite, bainite, tempered martensite, tempered bainite, and cementites,
0.10 7.5<(0.7×Si+1)×(5.1×Mn+1)×(2.16×Cr+1)<44  (Equation 2)
0.0003 the hardness at a position at a depth which is ¼ of a diameter of the cross section from the periphery of the steel for carburizing measured before spheroidizing annealing is HV 125 or less.
US Pat. No. 10,391,743

MULTILAYER STRUCTURE, PACKAGING MATERIAL INCLUDING THE SAME, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAID MULTILAYER STRUCTURE

KURRAY CO., LTD., Kurash...

1. A multilayer structure comprising a layered product and a layer (H) stacked on the layered product, whereinthe layered product comprises a base (X), a layer (Z) comprising an aluminum atom, and a layer (Y) comprising a compound (A) comprising a phosphorus atom,
the layer (H) comprises a thermoplastic resin (U),
the thermoplastic resin (U) is a polymer comprising an ?-olefin unit,
the layer (Z) comprises a layer (Z1) comprising a reaction product (E),
the reaction product (E) is a reaction product formed by a reaction between a metal oxide (C) comprising an aluminum atom and a phosphorus compound (D), and
in an infrared absorption spectrum of the layer (Z1), a maximum absorption wavenumber in a region of 800 to 1,400 cm?1 is 1,080 to 1,130 cm?1.
US Pat. No. 10,392,513

SPRAY-DRIED DYE COMPOSITIONS, PROCESS FOR THE PRODUCTION AND USE THEREOF

Sensient Imaging Technolo...

1. A process for the production of spray-dried dye compositions comprising water-soluble functional dyes incorporated in an organosilane-based silicon dioxide matrix with bleeding rates of ?0.5%, comprising the steps of:a) producing a silicon dioxide sol by weak acid hydrolysis of alkoxysilanes (organosilanes) in an aqueous organic solvent mixture at a pH of 5 to 6.5, wherein hydrolysis is effected by an aqueous acidic ion exchanger and producing the silicon dioxide sol is performed for 48 hours;
b) adding a water-soluble dye;
c) gelling by spray-drying the dyed sol to provide resulting compositions, and
d) temperature treating the resulting compositions for 5 to 48 hours at a temperature above 50° C.,wherein the bleeding rate of the dye compositions is measured by contacting a 0.1% aqueous solution of nonylphenol ethoxylate for at least 1 hour with stirring at room temperature.
US Pat. No. 10,395,841

MULTILAYERED ELECTRODE AND FILM ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

CAPACITOR SCIENCES INCORP...

1. An multilayered electrode comprising an electro-conductive layer and at least one protective layer located on one side of the electro-conductive layer and selected from the list comprising a field-planarization layer configured to minimize electric field enhancement due to geometric curvature on a surface of the electro-conductive layer, a tunneling injection blocking layer including a wide-band gap organic insulating material, a coulomb blocking layer including electron traps, and any combination of two or more of these.
US Pat. No. 10,391,744

LAMINATED GLAZING FOR SOLAR CONTROL

AGC GLASS EUROPE, Louvai...

1. A laminated glazing comprising a transparent substrate coated with an infrared-reflecting layer, wherein:the substrate is a glass the composition of which has a redox lower than 15%, and the glass has an infrared reflection RIRV between 780 and 2500 nm such that RIRV?1.087*TLV, TLV being the light transmission of the glass between 380 and 780 nm, and
the infrared-reflecting layer has a light transmission TLC between 380 and 780 nm such that TLC?1.3*TIRC, TIRC being the infrared transmission of the layer between 780 and 2500 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,397,876

MULTI-FACTOR PROVISIONING OF WIRELESS DEVICES

IOTAS, INC., Portland, O...

1. A method performed by a computing system, the method comprising:obtaining from an energy meter device, time-based measurements of electrical energy consumed by electrical loads on an electrical circuit monitored by the energy meter device;
receiving wireless transmissions via a wireless access point from an initial set of one or more wireless devices within communication range of the wireless access point;
obtaining a device identifier included in the wireless transmissions received by the wireless access point for each wireless device of the initial set;
for a wireless device of the initial set, performing a circuit isolation operation that includes:
establishing an initial session with the wireless device over a wireless communications link via the wireless access point;
during the initial session, sending one or more power control commands to the wireless device via the wireless access point as one or more wireless transmissions that directs the wireless device to perform one or more power control actions that varies energy consumption by or through the wireless device at a device-specific timing;
determining whether the wireless device is an electrical load on the electrical circuit based on the time-based measurements obtained from the energy meter device in which the wireless device is determined to be an electrical load on the electrical circuit responsive to the time-based measurements indicating the varied energy consumption by or through the wireless device that is correlated in-time with the device-specific timing for the one or more power control actions; and
permitting the wireless device to access a service hosted at the computing system over the wireless communications link upon determining the wireless device to be an electrical load on the electrical circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,397,867

METHOD OF OPERATING USER EQUIPMENT FOR PUBLIC SAFETY MODE AND METHOD OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATION USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of operating a user equipment, comprising:setting a mode of a user equipment to a public safety mode;
changing a state of the user equipment to an idle state when the user equipment is in the public safety mode;
temporarily changing the state of the user equipment from the idle state to a partial wakeup state during operation of the user equipment in the public safety mode;
performing a public safety carrier searching for device-to-device (D2D) communication between the user equipment and a neighboring equipment within a communicative range during the partial wakeup state; and
transmitting a synchronization channel signal by the user equipment for synchronization of the D2D communication during the partial wakeup state.

US Pat. No. 10,397,854

SEARCH SPACE MONITORING

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method for monitoring search spaces, the method being performed by a wireless device, the method comprising:receiving an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) symbol in a downlink slot, wherein a first part of the OFDM symbol is included in a device-specific search space and a second part of the OFDM symbol in a common search space;
monitoring the first part of the OFDM symbol for at least one device-specific reference signal; and
monitoring the second part of the OFDM symbol for at least one non-device-specific reference signal.

US Pat. No. 10,397,837

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PERFORMING SESSION HANDOVER IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for performing session handover by a first device in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:establishing an application service platform (ASP) session with a second device through a first connection method;
transmitting, to the second device, a session handover request message;
receiving, from the second device, a session handover response message,
wherein the session handover request message and the session handover response message are exchanged based on the first connection method, and
wherein when the session handover response message is received from the second device, the established ASP session is handed over through a second connection method,
transmitting, to the second device, a session handover confirm message based on the second connection method,
wherein the first connection method is different from the second connection method, and
wherein each of the first and the second connection method is one of a peer-to-peer (P2P) connection method and a WLAN infrastructure connection method.

US Pat. No. 10,397,747

ENTITY TRACKING

Celect, Inc., Boston, MA...

1. A system for tracking at least one entity, the system comprising:an interface for at least receiving:
training data representing movements of a plurality of training entities, and
a query regarding a test entity's movement;
a memory; and
at least one processor executing instructions stored on the memory to:
create a plurality of tracks based on the received training data, wherein each track represents the movement of a training entity and is associated with at least one attribute,
generate an index of the plurality of tracks by defining at least one of the tracks using a plurality of points from the received training data, wherein each point of the plurality represents a location of a training entity at a point in time,
execute a function to develop a trend line associated with the plurality of points,
represent the track by the developed trend line and add a buffer to the developed trend line,
execute the received query regarding the test entity's movement on the generated index, and
output a feature value with respect to the test entity based on the generated index.

US Pat. No. 10,397,730

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PROVIDING VIRTUAL SURROUND SOUND ON HEADPHONES

GLOBAL DELIGHT TECHNOLOGI...

10. An apparatus (301) comprising:a plurality of audio filters (302) configured for filtering an audio input to extract a plurality of elements present in the audio input, wherein the plurality of audio filters (302) further comprising:
frequency filters (302-1, 302-2) configured for filtering frequency components from the audio input to which a human auditory system is sensitive;
lower-mid frequency filters (302-3, 302-4) configured for filtering lower-mid frequency components from the audio input;
high frequency filter (302-5) configured for filtering high frequency components from the audio input; and
low frequency filter (302-6) configured for filtering low frequency components from the audio input;
a plurality of Head Related Transfer Function (HRTF) filters (303) configured for applying spatial cues to each of the extracted plurality of elements for a determined layout of a plurality of virtual speakers;
the plurality of HRTF filters (303) configured for combining the frequency components extracted by the audio filters (302-1, 302-2);
a plurality of tuning engines (304) configured for tuning output of the plurality of HRTF filters (303);
a three-dimensional (3D) audio mixer (305) configured for mixing the tuned output of the plurality of tuning engines (304); and
the three-dimensional (3D) audio mixer (305) configured for rendering the mixed tuned output on a left and right channel of the headphone (301).

US Pat. No. 10,397,729

LOCALIZING BINAURAL SOUND TO OBJECTS

1. A method comprising:playing sound to a listener so the sound externally localizes to a physical object proximate to the listener by:
receiving, at one or more electronic devices, a location of the physical object that is not an electronic device and is away from but proximate to the listener;
processing, with a processor in the one or more electronic devices, the sound to change the sound into binaural sound and to move an origin of the binaural sound to emanate from the physical object that is not an electronic device while the listener listens to the binaural sound; and
providing, with a wearable electronic device (WED) worn by the listener, the binaural sound that emanates from the physical object that is not an electronic device while the listener listens to the binaural sound.

US Pat. No. 10,397,728

DIFFERENTIAL HEADTRACKING APPARATUS

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. A method comprising:determining a first absolute orientation value of a head of a user using a head mounted orientation sensor;
determining a second absolute orientation value of a body part of the user using a body located sensor; and
controlling a three dimensional (3D) audio reproduction, wherein controlling the 3D audio reproduction comprises spatially processing at least one audio signal based on the first absolute orientation value and the second absolute orientation value, wherein spatially processing at least one audio signal comprises:
determining at least one first filter based on a difference value defined by a difference between the first absolute orientation value and the second absolute orientation value;
determining at least one second filter based on the first absolute orientation value; and
combining a first output signal generated as a result of application of the at least one first filter to the at least one audio signal and a second output signal generated as a result of application of the at least one second filter to the at least one audio signal to generate at least one spatially processed audio signal.

US Pat. No. 10,397,726

METHOD, APPARATUS, AND COMPUTER-READABLE MEDIA FOR FOCUSING SOUND SIGNALS IN A SHARED 3D SPACE

Nureva, Inc., (CA)

1. A method of real-time, low-latency sound source location targeting in the presence of reverb and ambient noise signals in a shared three-dimensional space, comprising:predefining, in the shared three-dimensional space, a three-dimensional coordinate grid of a plurality of virtual-microphone locations, each of which is related to a plurality of physical microphones in the shared three-dimensional space, so as to define, for each virtual-microphone location, delay and weight factors with respect to each related physical microphone in the shared three-dimensional space;
at least one processor core provided for each physical microphone, for parallel-process-calculating, for each physical microphone with respect to each virtual microphone location, sound source location by:
fetching from memory the delay factor for each virtual microphone location with respect to the corresponding physical microphone;
fetching from memory the weight factors for each virtual microphone location with respect to the corresponding physical microphone;
fetching from memory at least one sound source signal from the corresponding physical microphone in the shared three-dimensional space;
using at least one delay line to process the fetched at least one sound source signal from the corresponding physical microphone using the fetched delay factor to produce a delayed sound source signal for each virtual microphone location; and
multiplying the delayed sound source signal by the fetched weight factor for each virtual microphone to produce a delayed and weighted sound source signal for each virtual microphone for the corresponding physical microphone;
summing the delayed and weighted sound source signals from all of the processor cores to provide a summed total signal corresponding to each virtual microphone location;
measuring the energy of the summed total signal for each virtual microphone location;
determining, from the measured energy of each summed signal, a three-dimensional grid coordinate location for each sound source with respect to each virtual microphone location in the shared three-dimensional space; and
outputting, in real-time, the determined three-dimensional grid location coordinates and signal strengths of all of the sound sources in the shared three-dimensional space.

US Pat. No. 10,397,725

APPLYING DIRECTIONALITY TO AUDIO

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A system for creating a perception of directionality to an audio signal, the system comprising:a processor with an associated memory, the associated memory containing instructions, which when executed cause the processor to:
identify an audio signal and an orientation to be applied to the audio signal;
calculate intermediate values to reduce the dimensions of the audio signal and orientation, wherein intermediate values are calculated from components of a principle component analysis (PCA) of a sparse data set of audio inputs and wherein the sparse data set is augmented by applying a blurring function to the sparse data set prior to performing the principle component analysis;
provide the intermediate values into a neural network, to produce a first and second orienting audio outputs; and
provide the first orienting audio output to a first speaker and the second orienting audio output to a second speaker.

US Pat. No. 10,397,724

MODIFYING AN APPARENT ELEVATION OF A SOUND SOURCE UTILIZING SECOND-ORDER FILTER SECTIONS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method comprising:determining an actual elevation of a sound source, wherein the actual elevation is indicative of a first location at which the sound source is physically located relative to a first listening reference point;
determining a desired elevation for a portion of an audio signal, wherein the desired elevation is indicative of a second location at which the portion of the audio signal is perceived to be physically located relative to the first listening reference point, and the desired elevation is different from the actual elevation; and
based on the actual elevation, the desired elevation, and the first listening reference point, modifying the audio signal by:
generating a digital filter based on information relating to different individual filters, wherein the information relating to different individual filters comprises parametric values defining a number of parametric equalizers (PEQs) that characterize the different individual filters based on Head-Related Transfer Functions (HRTFs) corresponding to the actual elevation and the desired elevation; and
filtering the portion of the audio signal during the reproduction of the audio signal via the digital filter that increases accuracy in apparent elevation change and reduces spectral coloration, such that the portion of the audio signal is perceived to be physically located at the desired elevation during reproduction of the audio signal via the sound source.

US Pat. No. 10,397,723

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF PROCESSING DATA, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A data processing apparatus comprising:circuitry configured to,
obtain sound data based on a plurality of sound signals respectively output from a plurality of microphones,
receive a user instruction for enhancing directivity of sensitivity characteristics of at least one of the plurality of microphones in a specific direction,
generate sound data having the directivity in the specific direction, based on the obtained sound data, and
store, in a memory, the sound data having the directivity in the specific direction in association with a plurality of images captured with an image capturing device and information indicating an inclination angle of the image capturing device relative to a reference direction, the image capturing device including a plurality of imaging devices.

US Pat. No. 10,397,722

DISTRIBUTED AUDIO CAPTURE AND MIXING

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. Apparatus comprising:at least one processor, and
at least one non-transitory memory including computer program code, the at least one memory and the computer program code configured to, with the at least one processor, causes the apparatus at least to:
receive a spatial audio signal associated with a microphone array configured to provide spatial audio capture and at least one additional audio signal associated with an additional microphone, the at least one additional audio signal having been delayed with a variable delay determined such that the spatial audio signal and the at least one additional audio signal are time aligned;
receive a relative position between a first position associated with the microphone array and a second position associated with the additional microphone;
generate at least two output audio channel signals with processing and mixing the spatial audio signal and the at least one additional audio signal based on the relative position between the first position and the second position such that the at least two output audio channel signals present an augmented audio scene.

US Pat. No. 10,397,628

EDGE OPTIMIZED TRANSRATING SYSTEM

ORCKIT IP, LLC, Dover, D...

1. A system for carrying video data from a video source to a video display over first and second networks, the first network is a packet-based network, the system comprising:a first device connectable between the video source and the first network for receiving a first video stream in a data format from the video source, the first device comprises a multirater or a transrater for translating the first video stream to one or more second video stream having a lower bit rate and the data format, the first device operative for transmitting the first and second video streams to the first network;
a second device connectable between the first network and the second network for receiving the video streams from the first network, for selecting one of the first and the second video stream, and for transmitting the selected video stream to the second network; and
a third device connectable between the second network and the video display for receiving the selected video stream from the second network and for transmitting the selected video stream to the video display to be displayed thereon.

US Pat. No. 10,397,571

CODING DEVICE AND DECODING DEVICE WHICH ALLOW ENCODING OF NON-SQUARE BLOCKS

KDDI CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An encoding device comprising:a mode selection processor configured to determine a block division type and an intra prediction mode of each divided block on the basis of an input image to be encoded and encoded pixels;
a square intra prediction processor configured to apply square intra prediction to obtain a predictive value when the determined block is square;
a non-square intra prediction processor configured to apply non-square intra prediction to obtain a predictive value when the determined block is non-square;
a differential processor configured to obtain a prediction residual which is a difference between the predictive value and a corresponding input image to be encoded;
a squaring processor configured to rearrange prediction residuals obtained when the determined block is non-square into a square format;
a transformation processor configured to apply orthogonal transformation to the prediction residuals rearranged into the square format or prediction residuals obtained when the determined block is square to obtain transform coefficients;
a quantization processor configured to quantize the transform coefficients to obtain level values;
an entropy encoding processor configured to encode the level values, the determined block division type, and the determined intra prediction mode of each divided block;
an inverse quantization/inverse transformation processor configured to inversely quantize and inversely transform the level values to obtain reconstructed prediction residuals;
a non-squaring processor configured to rearrange a block of the reconstructed prediction residuals into a non-square format when the block of the reconstructed prediction residuals corresponds to the non-square format; and
an addition processor configured to add the predictive value to the reconstructed prediction residuals rearranged into the non-square format or the reconstructed prediction residuals obtained when the determined block is square to reconstruct the encoded pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,397,535

OPTICAL MICRO-PROJECTION SYSTEM AND PROJECTION METHOD

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A system comprising:a photodiode to receive a reflection of a light beam emitted by a light source onto a projection field;
a processor coupled to the photodiode and the light source; and
a memory coupled to the processor, the memory comprising instructions that when executed by the processor cause the processor to:
receive, from the photodiode, an indication of the reflection of the emitted light beam;
detect, based on the reflection, an object proximate to the projection field;
determine a distance between the light source and the object at a plurality of points on the object;
determine a volume of the object based at least in part on the determined distances; and
cause the light source to emit the light beam to project an image around the object.

US Pat. No. 10,397,504

CORRECTING LAG IN IMAGING DEVICES

Kidde Technologies, Inc.,...

1. A method of correcting image lag in an imaging pixel, comprising:converting electromagnetic radiation in an infrared waveband into a first pixel value;
receiving the first pixel value from a current frame;
converting electromagnetic radiation in the infrared waveband into at least one second pixel value;
receiving the at least one second pixel value from at least one of a prior frame and a subsequent frame;
determining a first filter coefficient for the first pixel value;
determining a second filter coefficient for the at least one second pixel value;
calculating a pixel output by adding (a) a product of the first pixel value and the first filter coefficient to (b) a product of the at least one second pixel value and the corresponding second filter coefficient to compensate for image lag in the first pixel value; and
displaying an image on a display device using the calculated pixel output.

US Pat. No. 10,397,448

INTRODUCING VISUAL NOISE IN A FLAT TINT AREA OF A PRINTED IMAGE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a color conversion module for converting page description language describing an image into rasterized image data; and
a visual noise module for recalculating pixel values in an area of flat tint detected in the rasterized image data to introduce visual noise in the area of flat tint.

US Pat. No. 10,397,438

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CAUSING EXECUTION OF AN ACTION BASED ON PHYSICAL PRESENCE OF A DETECTED PERSON

ORCAM TECHNOLOGIES LTD., ...

1. A wearable apparatus for causing an action to be executed based on whether a person is physically present in an environment of a user of the wearable apparatus, the wearable apparatus comprising:a wearable image sensor configured to capture a plurality of images from the environment of the user of the wearable apparatus; and
at least one processing device programmed to:
analyze at least one of the plurality of images to detect the person;
analyze at least one of the plurality of images to determine whether an image of the detected person appears on a display of a device in the environment of the user;
select at least one action based on whether an image of the detected person appears on the display of the device in the environment of the user; and
cause the selected at least one action to be executed.

US Pat. No. 10,397,437

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a light source, which includes a plurality of light emitting points, and is configured to emit light beams based on an image data;
a photosensitive member configured to rotate in a rotation direction so that a latent image is formed on the photosensitive member with the light beams emitted from the light source;
a rotary polygon mirror, which is configured to rotate around a rotation axis, and has a plurality of mirror faces each configured to deflect the light beams emitted from the light source so that the photosensitive member is scanned with the light beams;
a detector configured to detect temperature;
a storage unit configured to store scan position error data for a scan position error corresponding to each of the plurality of mirror faces, wherein the scan position error data comprises a data based on a scan position in the rotation direction of the light beams deflected by each of the plurality of mirror faces; and
a correction unit configured to correct the scan position error data based on a temperature detection result of the detector to generate a correction data, and configured to correct the image data by using the correction data, in the rotation direction of the photosensitive member, of the light beams deflected by each of the plurality of mirror faces.

US Pat. No. 10,397,431

GRAPHICS PROCESSING DEVICE, IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS, GRAPHICS PROCESSING METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. A graphics processing device comprising:a CPU corresponding to a general-purpose; and
a GPU corresponding to a special-purpose for graphics processing, the GPU being configured to necessitate draw call batching before the GPU starts its operation, wherein:
the CPU judges which device, the CPU itself or the GPU, should perform graphics processing to generate a screen image to be displayed on a display, with reference to a product of a number of screen elements composing the screen image and a pixel count of the display; and
the CPU performs graphics processing to generate the screen image if the CPU judges that the CPU itself should perform graphics processing, and the CPU performs draw call batching then makes the GPU perform graphics processing to generate the screen image if the CPU judges that the GPU should perform graphics processing.

US Pat. No. 10,397,420

MEDIUM PROCESSING DEVICE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A medium processing device comprising:a processor that performs processing on a medium;
a feed roller that has a shaft and feeds the medium to the processor;
an electric motor that is a drive source of the feed roller;
a motive force transmission gear that is disposed at an end of the shaft of the feed roller and that is one gear to transmit motive force of the electric motor to the feed roller;
a motive force switch that includes a main gear driven by the electric motor and a sub gear that meshes with the main gear and moves in planetary motion around the main gear, and that is configured to switch accompanying rotation direction switching of the main gear between a meshed state in which the sub gear is meshed with the motive force transmission gear and a disengaged state in which the sub gear is disengaged from the motive force transmission gear;
an electronic load detector that detects load of the electric motor; and
an electronic controller that controls the electric motor and the processor, the electronic controller controlling at least one out of the electric motor or the processor according to the load of the electric motor detected by the electronic load detector at switching of the sub gear from the disengaged state to the meshed state,
the electronic controller transitioning to control performed when the sub gear has switched to the meshed state, at, as a starting point, a timing when the electronic controller determines that the load of the electric motor has exceeded a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,397,408

DIGITAL INTERCOM SYSTEM HAVING A COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND LINKED AUDIO OUTPUT DEVICE

David Clark Company Incor...

1. A digital intercom system comprising:a master station having hardware and software configured to allow duplex communication between a plurality of communication devices, the software further configured to run a plurality of settings for directing communication between the communication devices, the settings including a plurality of channels for each communication device, the channels each defining parameters for how the communication devices within the system will communicate; and
at least one audio output device linked to a corresponding communication device of the plurality of communication devices such that the audio output device is configured to receive and play the same audio as the corresponding communication device,
wherein, the master station is configured to modify the settings based on input entered into a browser based program run on an input/output (I/O) device by a user.

US Pat. No. 10,397,356

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING A DESTINATION LOCATION FOR TRANSMISSION OF PACKETIZED DATA IN A NETWORK SYSTEM BASED ON AN APPLICATION SERVER ATTRIBUTE

Evertz Microsystems Ltd.,...

1. A system for determining a destination location for transmission of packetized data in one or more network fabrics, the system comprising:at least one port controller coupled to at least one application server, the at least one port controller generating at least one application server attribute for the packetized data received from the corresponding application server, wherein the application server attribute comprises metadata corresponding to a type of content contained in the packetized data;
a network supervisor system; and
a fabric controller uniquely coupled to the network fabric, the fabric controller comprising:
a database for storing mapping information; and
a processor coupled to the database, the processor being configured to:
receive the at least one application server attribute from the port controller;
attempting to generate the destination location based on the at least one application server attribute and the mapping information; and
if the destination location is not generated based on the application server attribute and the mapping information:
transmit a request comprising a network fabric identifier to determine the destination location to a network supervisor system, the network fabric identifier identifying the network fabric associated with the fabric controller;
receive a response comprising the destination location from the network supervisor system; and
update the mapping information to record the destination location based on the response.

US Pat. No. 10,397,319

SERVER-SIDE SELECTIVE SYNCHRONIZATION

DROPBOX, INC., San Franc...

1. A computer-implemented method for updating synchronization states of content items stored in a user account associated with a first client device and a second client device, the method comprising:receiving at an online content management system, a synchronization request via a network, from the first client device, that includes first information for updating a synchronization state of a first item stored in a content library of a user account in the online content management system, the synchronization state associated with the second client device associated with the user account, the synchronization request further including second information for updating the first item of the content library based on changes to the first item on the first client device;
determine whether synchronization is authorized for the first item on the second client device associated with the user account based on the synchronization state of the first item stored in the online content management system;
updating the first item stored at the online content management system using the second information;
when the synchronization state stored in the online content management system authorizes synchronization of the first item with the second client device, generating first synchronization data including third information for updating the first item at the second client device;
when the synchronization state stored in the online content management system does not authorize synchronization of the first item associated with the second client device, preventing the online content management system from updating the first item at the second client device;
determining there is a conflict between a first version of a second item stored on the first client device and a second version of the second item stored on the second client device;
performing a conflict resolution protocol to obtain a resolved version of the second item;
updating a content journal associated with the content library to include a content entry associated with the resolved version of the second item; and
generating second synchronization data including fourth information for updating the second item stored on the first client device.

US Pat. No. 10,397,241

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INTEGRATION OF DIRECTORY SERVICE WITH MANAGEMENT CONTROLLERS

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. An information handling system comprising:a hardware processor;
a directory service application comprising a program of instructions embodied in non-transitory, computer-readable media accessible to the hardware processor, the directory service application configured to:
enumerate a plurality of management controller categories for management controllers configured to provide out-of-band management of a plurality of information handling systems communicatively coupled to one another via a network, wherein the management controller categories specify different types of management controllers, and wherein at least one of the plurality of management controller categories includes a plurality of the management controllers; and
create a directory service device object for each of the plurality of management controller categories;
wherein the directory service application is configured not to create directory service device objects for individual ones of the management controllers.

US Pat. No. 10,397,234

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING ACCESS TO DATA IN NETWORK SERVICE PROVIDER SYSTEM

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method, comprising:receiving an access request for accessing data in a network service provider system, the network service provider system comprising a plurality of data areas, a network service provider-usable data area of the plurality of data areas storing network service provider-usable data, a network service provider-unusable data area of the plurality of data areas storing network service provider-unusable data, the network service provider-usable data area being independent from the network service provider-unusable data area; and
in response to determining that the access request is a user access instruction, acquiring, from the network service provider-usable data of the network service provider-usable data area or the network service provider-unusable data of the network service provider-unusable data area, data requested by the user access instruction; or
in response to determining that the access request is a non-user access instruction, acquiring, from the network service provider-usable data of the network service provider-usable data area, data requested by the non-user access instruction.

US Pat. No. 10,397,227

TRANSACTION SECURITY SYSTEMS AND METHODS

CUPP Computing AS, Olso ...

1. A method comprising:detecting that a secure transaction device has been coupled to a host system, the host system having a plurality of applications and a first network interface for communicating with a network, the secure transaction device having a second network interface different than the first network interface;
configuring the secure transaction device with network parameters specific to the host system to which the secure transaction device has been coupled, so that when network traffic is communicated via the second network interface the secure transaction device mimics the host system and renders the secure transaction device transparent to the network;
receiving a request from a particular application of the plurality of applications to access a network resource on the network, the network resource being remote from the host system and from the secure transaction device;
if the network resource is an unsecured network resource, then allowing the host system to communicate with the unsecured network resource via the first network interface without requiring the host system to communicate with the unsecured network resource via the second network interface;
if the network resource is a secured network resource, then
configuring the host system to redirect all network traffic to the secure transaction device so that the secure transaction device can manage all the network traffic through the second network interface, thereby preventing the plurality of applications from accessing the network via the first network interface without requiring the host system to communicate with the unsecured network resource via the second network interface;
using a security policy to authenticate the particular application of the plurality of applications as a trusted application authorized to access the secured network resource on the network;
establishing a secure tunnel via the second network interface to the secured network resource on the network;
allowing the trusted application to use the secure tunnel to access the secured network resource; and
preventing untrusted applications of the plurality of applications from accessing the secure tunnel.

US Pat. No. 10,397,211

SPLIT AUTHENTICATION NETWORK SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Aerohive Networks, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:receiving one or more packets wirelessly transmitted from a user device through a wireless access point to access a trusted network;
determining a type of an extensible authorization protocol (EAP) associated with the user device based on the one or more packets;
upon determining that the type of EAP associated with the user device is a first EAP, routing the one or more packets to a first authentication server provided in the trusted network and associated with the first EAP, for authentication of the user device according to the first EAP;
upon determining that the type of EAP associated with the user device is a second EAP different from the first EAP, routing the one or more packets to a second authentication server provided in the trusted network and associated with the second EAP, for authentication of the user device according to the second EAP;
wherein the first EAP involves a server certificate and does not involve a self-signed user certificate for authentication, and the second EAP involves a server certificate and a self-signed user certificate for authentication.

US Pat. No. 10,397,187

BLOCKING AUTOMATED ATTACKS WITH FORCED USER INTERACTION

SHAPE SECURITY, INC., Mo...

1. A method comprising:obtaining an API function associated with a service provided by a supporting server computer system;
generating a modified API function corresponding to the API function that also requires a unique end-point identifier (UEIN) argument;
managing UEIN data for a plurality of UEINs, each UEIN of the plurality of UEINs associated with a specific computing device of a plurality of authorized computing devices;
receiving, from a first computing device, a first modified API call corresponding to the modified API function, the first modified API call comprising a first UEIN associated with a first authorized computing device of the plurality of authorized computing devices;
verifying that the first computing device corresponding to the first modified API call is the first authorized computing device associated with the first UEIN;
in response to verifying that the first computing device is the first verified computing device, forwarding the first modified API call to the supporting server computer system by making a first API call corresponding to the API function to the supporting server computer system;
wherein the method is performed by one or more computing devices.

US Pat. No. 10,397,146

MONITORING INSTANT MESSAGING USAGE

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:selecting a participant in an instant messaging session between a plurality of participants;
weighting an identified attribute of the instant messaging session;
weighting an identified attribute of the selected participant; and
determining, based upon the weighted attributes of the instant messaging session and the selected participant, an instant messaging usage metric for the selected participant.

US Pat. No. 10,397,048

NETWORK SYSTEM FOR RETRIEVAL OF CONFIGURATION RELATED DATA

1. A network system capable of separating a retrieval of configuration related data for a user-specific service and an identification of a corresponding user, the network system comprising:a lookup unit;
a clearing unit having a storage device;
a provider unit; and
a client unit being adapted for transmitting user-related data to the lookup unit, the user-related data being based on user-specific data, the user-specific data being associated with a user and unambiguously identifying the user, and the user-related data allowing for unambiguous identification of the user-specific data, and the user-related data being a first fingerprint of the user-specific data;
the lookup unit being further adapted for transmitting a second fingerprint of the user-specific data to the clearing unit, the second fingerprint being based on the first fingerprint of the user-specific data, the second fingerprint allowing for unambiguous identification of the user-specific data;
the lookup unit being adapted for retrieving identification data from the clearing unit by using the second fingerprint, the identification data unambiguously identifying the provider unit associated with the user-specific data;
the clearing unit being adapted for selecting and retrieving from the storage device the identification data by using the second fingerprint of the user-specific data;
the clearing unit being adapted for transmitting the identification data to the lookup unit;
the lookup unit being adapted for retrieving the configuration related data from the provider unit for a service provided to the user by using the identification data, the configuration related data including address information of the provider unit;
the lookup unit further being adapted for transmitting the configuration related data to the client unit;
the client unit being adapted for using the configuration related data to establish connection to the provider unit;
the clearing unit and the lookup unit being different from each other; and
the lookup unit, the clearing unit, the provider unit, and the client unit each being implemented by respective processor device having at least one processor.

US Pat. No. 10,397,008

MANAGEMENT OF SECRET DATA ITEMS USED FOR SERVER AUTHENTICATION

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:providing a zone trusted information device that includes a universal serial bus (USB) connector, a processor, a data storage device and zone trusted information software;
connecting, in data communication, a computer device to a data communication network;
connecting, in data communication, the computer device to the zone trusted information device through the USB connector of the zone trusted information device;
establishing, over the data communication network between a remote server and the zone trusted information software running on the processor of the zone trusted information device, a direct secure sockets layer (SSL) data communication connection;
receiving, through the direct SSL data communication connection, from the remote server and by the zone trusted information software running on the processor of the zone trusted information device, a backup of server keys to a set of application(s) running on an untrusted platform; and
storing the backup of server keys to the set of application(s) running on the untrusted platform in the data storage device of the zone trusted information device.

US Pat. No. 10,396,997

CONTAINER-BASED OPERATING SYSTEM AND METHOD

International Business Ma...

1. A distributed network hosting a shared pool of configurable computing resources suitable for hosting one or more system instances of a blockchain having a public ledger that records transactions in the blockchain, the distributed network comprising: one or more processors;one or more data storage devices coupled to the one or more processors, and one or more system instances, wherein each system instance comprises a virtual machine and a set of containers operated by the one or more processors, wherein the containers are operable to run on the virtual machine and each container comprises a blockchain subsystem operable to run the blockchain on the containers, wherein the blockchain is defined such that the containers of the set are the members of the blockchain and the public ledger records encrypted copies of information corresponding to each container of the set, the public ledger stored in the one or more data storage devices, at least one container of the set to perform a check to determine whether another container in the distributed network also belongs to the set by referencing the information in the public ledger, the information in the public ledger to create a system boundary for the set of containers, preventing undesired interaction with other containers that are not in the set.

US Pat. No. 10,396,976

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRIVATE-KEY FULLY HOMOMORPHIC ENCRYPTION AND PRIVATE SEARCH BETWEEN RINGS

Research Foundation of Th...

1. A method for producing a specific representation of a public ring that is fully homomorphically encrypted, the method being associated with a unique instantiation of a fully homomorphic encryption (FHE) scheme using a fully homomorphic encryption processor:the fully homomorphic encryption (FHE) processor includes a microprocessor that performs the following operations:
receiving, using the FHE processor, a public ring S;
generating, using the FHE processor, a private database D?N;
selecting, using a private ideal I selector associated with the FHE processor, a private ideal I of the ring S;
determining, using a factor ring unit associated with the FHE processor, a factor ring R=S/I;
embedding, using a private embedder unit associated with the FHE processor, elements of the database D in factor ring R by mapping number I to a random idempotent of the ring R;
encrypting, using a fully homomorphic encrypter unit associated with the FHE processor, elements of ring R by adding to each element of ring R a random element of the private ideal I; and
outputting an encrypted collection of elements of S, the specific representation of the public ring being secure against a ciphertext-only attack including encryption of nonzero elements associated with private data, thereby providing improved security against the ciphertext-only attack on the private data with the unique instantiation of the FHE scheme being maintained private.

US Pat. No. 10,396,964

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING FEEDBACK INFORMATION IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM USING MULTIPLE ANTENNAS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method in a mobile communication system, the method comprising:transmitting a configuration message including report mode information, a first channel status indication reference signal (CSI-RS) resource configuration, and a second CSI-RS resource configuration; and
receiving a feedback message including a channel quality indicator (CQI),
wherein a rank indicator and a precoding matrix indicator are included in the feedback message based on the report mode information,
wherein the CQI is generated using both of the first CSI-RS resource configuration and the second CSI-RS resource configuration in case that the configuration message includes a type of multiple input multiple output (MIMO), and
wherein a number of antenna ports associated with the CQI is determined based on a number of antenna ports associated with the first CSI-RS resource configuration and a number of antenna ports associated with the second CSI-RS resource configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,396,950

TRANSMISSION METHOD, RECEPTION METHOD, TRANSMITTER, AND RECEIVER

SUN PATENT TRUST, New Yo...

3. A transmission system comprising: a signal processor; a first transmitter; a second transmitter; a third transmitter; and a fourth transmitter,the signal processor, in operation, generates first data symbols and second data symbols from transmission data;
the signal processor, in operation, applies a phase rotation to the second data symbols, an angle of the phase rotation being incremented by constant value per every data symbol;
the signal processor, in operation, generates first pilot symbols and second pilot symbols;
the signal processor, in operation, generates a first OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) symbol including the first data symbols and the first pilot symbols;
the signal processor, in operation, generates a second OFDM symbol including the phase rotated second data symbols and the second pilot symbols;
the first transmitter, in operation, applies a first phase changing process to the first OFDM symbol;
the first transmitter, in operation, transmits the first OFDM symbol to which the first phase changing process is applied from a first antenna;
the second transmitter, in operation, applies a second phase changing process to the second OFDM symbol;
the second transmitter, in operation, transmits the second OFDM symbol to which the second phase changing process is applied from a second antenna;
the third transmitter, in operation, applies a third phase changing process to the first OFDM symbol;
the third transmitter, in operation, transmits the first OFDM symbol to which the third phase changing process is applied from a third antenna;
the fourth transmitter, in operation, applies a fourth phase changing process to the second OFDM symbol; and
the fourth transmitter, in operation, transmits the second OFDM symbol to which the fourth phase changing process is applied from a fourth antenna, wherein
the first phase changing process is different from the third phase changing process, and
the second phase changing process is different from the fourth phase changing process.

US Pat. No. 10,396,929

ALL-OPTICAL REGENERATION SYSTEM FOR OPTICAL WAVELENGTH DIVISION MULTIPLEXED COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

Danmarks Tekniske Univers...

1. An all-optical regeneration system for regeneration of optical wavelength division multiplexed (WDM) data signals in an optical WDM communication system, the all-optical regeneration system comprising:a WDM-to-OTDM converter configured for converting an input WDM data signal comprising multiple wavelength channels into an input optical time domain multiplexing (OTDM) data signal comprising multiple time multiplexed time channels,
an all-optical regenerator unit being applicable depending on the modulation format of said input WDM data signal and configured for regenerating the input OTDM data signal into an output OTDM data signal, wherein the all-optical regenerator is configured to work at a high bitrate value that is substantially a bitrate of a single wavelength channel of the multiple wavelength channels times a number of the multiple wavelength channels, and
an OTDM-to-WDM converter for converting the output OTDM data signal to an output WDM data signal, wherein
said all-optical regenerator system is suitable for phase-keyed information, and an input of the all-optical regenerator unit is in optical communication with an output of the WDM-to-OTDM converter, and an output of the all-optical regenerator unit is in optical communication with an input of the OTDM-to-WDM converter, wherein the WDM-to-OTDM converter and/or the OTDM-to-WDM converter comprises a time-domain optical Fourier transformation (OFT) unit, and the OFT unit comprises a phase-modulation element and a dispersive element.

US Pat. No. 10,396,893

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING PROPAGATION DELAY

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A method for determining a propagation delay between a first transceiver and a second transceiver, the method performed by the first transceiver, comprising:transmitting a message to the second transceiver over a first optical fiber,
receiving on the first optical fiber a reply message from the second transceiver including an indication of an internal time for the second transceiver to transmit the reply message, wherein the internal time includes at least part of a time difference between time the second transceiver received the message and time the second transceiver transmitted the reply message;
determining a time interval from the time the message was transmitted to the time the first transceiver received the reply message;
repeating the transmitting, receiving and determining steps to determine the time interval and internal time for several samples;
calculating the propagation delay from the time interval and the internal time for each sample, and calculating an average propagation delay;
configuring the first transceiver to receive data traffic from the second transceiver on a second optical fiber; and
synchronizing the first transceiver and the second transceiver using the calculated propagation delay, wherein synchronizing comprises one of:
adjusting an internal clock of the first transceiver using the calculated average propagation delay and the indication of the internal time, and
transmitting an instruction to the second transceiver to adjust an internal clock associated with the second transceiver using the calculated average propagation delay and an indication of the internal time.

US Pat. No. 10,396,889

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION UNIT, INTEGRATED CIRCUIT, SATELLITE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COMPENSATING FOR IONOSPHERIC GROUP DELAY

AIRBUS DS GMBH, Taufkirc...

1. A wireless communication unit for compensating for Ionospheric group delay in a satellite communication system, the wireless communication unit comprising:a receiver configured to receive only one single carrier frequency signal supporting a multi-carrier signal from a satellite; and
a processor coupled to the receiver and configured to:
process the single carrier frequency signal to produce a plurality of digital representations of individual carriers of the multi-carrier signal, wherein the processor being configured to process the single carrier frequency signal to produce a plurality of digital representations of individual carriers of the multi-carrier signal comprises the processor being configured to perform a phase evaluation of the multi-carrier signal to determine phases of the plurality of carrier signals of the multi-carrier signal;
detect a cycle slip for each of the plurality of the carrier signals of the multi-carrier signal and provide a cycle slip correction of the respective phases of the plurality of carrier signals of the multi-carrier signal;
estimate, from the plurality of digital representations of individual carriers of the multi-carrier signal, a Total Electron Content, TEC, value associated with a communication path between the satellite and the wireless communication unit through Earth's Ionosphere;
perform a frequency discriminator estimation of each of the cycle slip corrections of the respective phases and average a plurality of discriminator estimation combinations for the carrier signals to produce a TEC estimate value; and
apply compensation for Ionospheric group delay subjected to the multi-carrier signal based on the estimated TEC value.

US Pat. No. 10,396,886

RELAY DEVICE REWRITING A DESTINATION ADDRESS BASED ON CONFIGURATION OF A MULTI-HOP NETWORK

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A relay device comprising:a reception unit implemented by circuitry and configured to receive a wireless frame transmitted between a plurality of communication devices forming a wireless multi-hop network;
a collection unit implemented by the circuitry and configured to collect configuration information indicating a configuration of the wireless multi-hop network from the communication devices;
a determination unit implemented by the circuitry and configured to determine whether to relay the wireless frame on the basis of the configuration information;
a rewriting unit implemented by the circuitry and configured to, in response to the wireless frame being relayed, rewrite a transmission destination address of the wireless frame to an address of the communication device of a relay destination specified on the basis of the configuration information, and rewrite a transmission source address of the wireless frame to an address of the own device; and
a transmission unit implemented by the circuitry and configured to transmit the wireless frame rewritten by the rewriting unit, wherein
the determination unit determines a first transmission source address and a first transmission destination address associated with the first transmission source address on the basis of a plurality of pieces of configuration information, and in response to the transmission source address of the wireless frame coinciding with the first transmission source address, the determination unit determines to relay the wireless frame to the first transmission destination address,
the configuration information includes a rank value indicating a relay cost, and
the determination unit determines lines an address of a first communication device that has transmitted the configuration information including a minimum rank value among the plurality of pieces of configuration information, to be the first transmission destination address, and determines an address of one or more second communication devices that are not a direct child of the first communication device, to be the first transmission source address.

US Pat. No. 10,396,873

CONTROL SIGNALING IN A BEAMFORMING SYSTEM

MEDIATEK INC., HsinChu (...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a user equipment (UE), a plurality of control beam transmissions from a base station using a set of control beams in a Millimeter Wave (mmWave) beamforming mobile communication network, wherein each control beam comprises a set of downlink (DL) control resource blocks, a set of uplink (UL) control resource blocks, and an associated set of beamforming weights based on preconfigured control beam configuration, wherein each resource block comprises radio resources on a two-dimensional resource grid of both time domain and frequency domain;
selecting a control beam from the plurality of control beam transmissions based on the preconfigured control beam configuration for establishing a connection with the base station; and
performing random access with the base station using the selected control beam, wherein the UE derives allocated DL and UL resource blocks and a selected set of beamforming weights associated with the selected control beam for the random access, wherein the UE performs the random access with the base station via the derived UL and DL control resource blocks of the selected control beam, and wherein the UE transmits over the derived UL control resource blocks and the selected set of beamforming weights for UL transmission and receives over the derived DL resource blocks using spatially reciprocal beamforming weights for DL reception.

US Pat. No. 10,396,861

CIRCUIT FOR A TRANSPONDER AND METHOD FOR TESTING THE CIRCUIT

Atmel Corporation, San J...

1. A method for testing a circuit for a transponder, the method comprising:operating the circuit in a passive mode such that a first interface of the circuit is supplied with energy from a field, wherein at least one switchable terminal comprising a second interface of the circuit is deactivated while energy from the field is supplied via the first interface;
receiving, via the field, a command by the circuit during the passive mode, the command configured to activate a test routine code, the command causing a branch address pointing to the test routine code to be loaded in a branch register to activate the test routine code;
responsive to the branch address, activating the test routine code;
storing a first test data, generated by the test routine code, and a first session number identifying the first test data, in a memory area of a memory of the circuit, the memory area being predetermined by the test routine code;
storing a second test data, generated by the test routine code, and a second session number identifying the second test data, in the memory area; and
after receiving a subsequent request for the first and second test data, transmitting during the passive mode the first test data and the first session number, together with the second test data and the second session number, during one return transmission via the field.

US Pat. No. 10,396,745

AUDIO PROCESSOR AND AUDIO PROCESSING METHOD

CLARION CO., LTD., Saita...

1. An audio device comprising:an audio processor configured to:
transform an audio signal from a time-domain signal into a frequency-domain signal;
perform a filtering process on the audio signal that has been transformed into the frequency-domain signal, using a second filter coefficient;
transform the audio signal subjected to the filtering process, from the frequency-domain signal into a time-domain signal;
set first gains for respective bands used to perform the filtering process on the audio signal;
set a second gain for increasing or reducing a volume of the audio signal;
calculate a first filter coefficient that can increase or reduce gains for respective bands, so as to correspond to the first gains for the respective bands; and
regard gains for respective bands of the first filter coefficient as third gains, to compare values of the third gains for the respective bands with an absolute value of the second gain, and to, if the values of the third gains for the respective bands are greater than the absolute value of the second gain, calculate the second filter coefficient by limiting the values of the third gains for the respective bands to the absolute value of the second gain.

US Pat. No. 10,396,743

FREQUENCY-DOMAIN DYNAMIC RANGE CONTROL OF SIGNALS

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A gain function controller comprising a processor and non-transitory computer readable medium, the processor configured to:receive a first plurality of sub-band-signals that is based on a first full-band signal;
determine a frequency-domain-gain-function for a second plurality of sub-band-signals that is based on a second full-band signal, wherein the second full-band signal is not based on the first full-band signal, and wherein determining the frequency-domain-gain-function for the second plurality of sub-band-signals comprises determining the frequency-domain-gain-function for the second plurality of sub-band-signals based on:
the first plurality of sub-band-signals;
a power of the first full-band signal that does not include a power of the second full-band signal, wherein the first full-band signal is a measured noise signal or an estimated noise signal; and
a predetermined compression curve;
apply the frequency-domain-gain-function to the second plurality of sub-band-signals to provide a frequency-domain-output-signal, wherein the processor is further configured to determine the frequency-domain-gain-function to jointly control the second plurality of sub-band-signals based on an adaptive spectral subtraction factor that is identical for all sub-bands such that the frequency-domain-output-signal, when coupled to a loudspeaker, drives the loudspeaker within a pre-determined displacement limit for mechanical loudspeaker protection.

US Pat. No. 10,396,722

POWER AMPLIFIER MODULE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A power amplifier module comprising:a divider circuit that divides an input signal into a first signal and a second signal;
a first amplifier that amplifies the first signal and outputs a third signal;
a second amplifier that amplifies the second signal and outputs a fourth signal;
a combining circuit that combines the third signal and the fourth signal and that outputs an amplified signal of the input signal;
a resistance element that electrically connects an output terminal of the first amplifier and an output terminal of the second amplifier to each other; and
a first capacitor connected in parallel to the resistance element, wherein
the combining circuit comprises:
a combiner,
a first inductor connected in series between the output terminal of the first amplifier and the combiner,
a second inductor connected in series between the output terminal of the second amplifier and the combiner, and
a second capacitor having a first end connected to the combiner and a second end grounded, the first inductor and the second capacitor together forming a first phase shifter and the second inductor and the second capacitor together forming a second phase shifter,
wherein a phase of the third signal from the output terminal of the first amplifier to the output terminal of the second amplifier through the combiner is delayed by about 45 degrees in the first phase shifter, and is delayed by about 45 degrees in the second phase shifter,
wherein a phase of the third signal from the output terminal of the first amplifier to the output terminal of the second amplifier through the first capacitor is advanced by about 90 degrees, and
wherein a capacitance value of the second capacitor is about twice a capacitance value of the first capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,396,686

CONVERTER INCLUDING MULTIPLE CONTROLLABLE TWO-POLE SUBMODULES CONNECTED IN SERIES

1. A converter, comprising a plurality of controllable two-pole submodules connected in series,wherein at least some of the said submodules each comprise the following:
a first and a second submodule terminal,
a first, a second, a third and a fourth controllable switch, and
a first storage two-pole, which comprises a first and a second two-pole terminal, an energy store and a controllable switching device, wherein the controllable switching device
has a first activatable switching state, in which the first storage two-pole delivers no energy irrespective of a voltage applied between the first and the second terminal of said storage two-pole, and
a second activatable switching state, in which the energy store of the first storage two-pole can absorb or deliver energy,
wherein each submodule among said at least some submodules as a whole has an activatable transmission state, in which
the controllable switching device of the first storage two-pole occupies the said first switching state, and
the first to the fourth controllable switches are connected in such a way that a current flows through the submodule on two parallel branches, wherein the converter also comprises a control unit, which is configured to control the controllable switches of the sub-module and the controllable switching device of the first storage two-pole, the control unit being configured to switch selected submodules among said at least some submodules selectively into the transmission state;
wherein each submodule among said at least some submodules also has one or more of the following four activatable energy delivery or energy-absorbing states, in which in each case the controllable switching device of the first storage two-pole occupies the said second switching state, and
the voltage between the second and the first submodule terminal is positive and the energy store of the first storage two-pole is charged, or
the voltage between the second and the first submodule terminal is positive and the energy store of the first storage two-pole is discharged, or
the voltage between the second and the first submodule terminal is negative and the energy store of the first storage two-pole is discharged, or
the voltage between the second and the first submodule terminal is negative and the energy store of the first storage two-pole is charged.

US Pat. No. 10,396,667

DC-DC CONVERTER INCLUDING AN INTERMITTENT OVERCURRENT PROTECTION CIRCUIT

ABLIC INC., Chiba (JP)

1. A DC-DC converter, comprising:a switching element connected between a first end of an inductor and an input terminal of the DC-DC converter, the inductor having a second end connected to an output terminal;
an error amplifier that monitors the output voltage;
an output control circuit that outputs a control signal to a gate of the switching element based on an output signal of the error amplifier to establish a switching cycle;
an overcurrent protection circuit that includes a comparator driven by a switch-connected bias circuit and that outputs a first signal to the output control circuit when current flowing through the switching element is a predetermined current or higher to turn off the switching element; and
a timer circuit configured to operate for a set counting period when the switching element is on and to output a second signal to the overcurrent protection circuit,
wherein the second signal is based on the control signal of the output control circuit and controls the switch-connected bias circuit, such that the overcurrent protection circuit operates intermittently and only for a predetermined period of time during the counting period.

US Pat. No. 10,396,600

POWER TRANSMITTER, RESONANCE-TYPE CONTACTLESS POWER SUPPLY AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

Silergy Semiconductor Tec...

1. A resonance-type contactless power supply, comprising:an inverter circuit configured to receive electric energy and output an AC current with a self-inductance resonance frequency in accordance with inverter control signal signals;
a transmitter-side resonant circuit comprising a transmitting coil for transmitting electric energy;
a receiver-side resonant circuit comprising a receiving coil which is separated from but electrically coupled to said transmitting coil in a contactless manner, and configured to receive electric energy from said transmitting coil;
a rectifier circuit being electrically coupled to said receiver-side resonant circuit for converting an AC signal from said receiver-side resonant circuit to a DC signal; and
a control circuit configured to adjust a phase difference of said inverter control signals in accordance with a comparison between a compensation signal and a ramp signal to decrease an error between an input power of said inverter circuit and an output power of said rectifier circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,396,597

DRIVING CIRCUIT AND WIRELESS POWER TRANSMITTER INCLUDING THE SAME

SILERGY SEMICONDUCTOR TEC...

1. A driving circuit for driving a plurality of transmitter-side coupling circuits at a wireless power transmitter, comprising:an inverting circuit being configured to convert a DC current to an AC current, and to output said AC current between a first output terminal and a second output terminal;
a control circuit being configured to control said inverting circuit to output a first AC current having a first frequency for driving said first transmitter-side coupling circuit, or to output a second AC current having a second frequency for driving said second transmitter-side coupling circuit, in each cycle,
wherein said plurality of transmitter-side coupling circuits comprises a first transmitter-side coupling circuit and a second transmitter-side coupling, circuit of which are coupled in parallel between said first output terminal and said second output terminal,
said first transmitter-side coupling circuit is a high-resistance circuit when said second AC current having said second frequency is applied, and said second transmitter-side coupling circuit is a high-resistance circuit when said first AC current having said first frequency is applied,
wherein said first frequency is an operating frequency of said first transmitter-side coupling circuit, said second frequency is an operating frequency of said second transmitter-side coupling circuit, and said operating frequency of said first transmitter-side coupling circuit is different from said operating frequency of said second transmitter-side coupling circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,396,576

ELECTRIC VEHICLE (EV) CHARGE LOCATION NOTIFICATIONS AND PARKING SPOT USE AFTER CHARGING IS COMPLETE

Emerging Automotive, LLC,...

1. A computer implemented method, comprising:detecting, by a computer of a charging unit (CU), a connection of a charging connector of the CU to a vehicle charge port of an electric vehicle (EV), the detecting of the connection includes processing a data exchange between electronics of the EV and the computer of the CU;
receiving, by the computer of the CU, charge status of the EV while the charging connector is connected to the CU, the received charge status of the EV changes as charge is provided from the CU to a battery of the EV;
sending a notification by server to a user account that was used to obtain charge for the EV at the CU, the notification providing data for a graphical user interface that shows the charge status of the EV; and
receiving instructions from a device associated with the user account, to make payment of a fee or receive a fee charge, to instruct the CU to indicate an in progress or in-use state even when the EV is at a full level of charge while the EV is occupying the CU and is preventing others from access to the CU that is provided for public use of users with user accounts; and
sending data by the server to the computer of the CU to display an in progress or in-use state, wherein the server communicates over the internet with the device, wherein the payment of the fee charge functions as a parking fee when the EV is not actively charging, or enables the EV to remain in a charging spot for an amount of time after reaching the full level of charge.

US Pat. No. 10,396,573

PORTABLE BATTERY PACK CHARGING SYSTEM, METHOD FOR RECHARGING A BATTERY PACK, AND ADAPTER THEREFOR

MAKITA CORPORATION, Anjo...

1. An adapter for a power tool powered by a detachable battery pack, comprising:an adapter housing,
a power tool interface disposed on the adapter housing and configured to be detachably attached to the power tool;
a battery pack interface disposed on the adapter housing and configured to be detachably attached to the battery pack while the power tool interface is attached to the power tool;
a power line disposed within the adapter housing and configured to electrically connect a current generated by the battery pack at the battery pack interface to the power tool interface when the adapter is attached to both the power tool and the battery pack;
an adapter controller disposed within the adapter housing and configured to communicate with a power tool controller of the power tool, a battery pack controller of the battery pack or both the power tool controller and the battery pack controller; and
a communicator disposed within the adapter housing and configured to receive and/or transmit data, wirelessly or via a wired connection, between the adapter controller and an external device.

US Pat. No. 10,396,565

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR POWER DISTRIBUTION

GE Aviation Systems Limit...

1. A system for aircraft power distribution, comprising:a source of current to deliver an input power;
a bus contactor connected to the source of current to receive the input power;
a set of switches connected between the bus contactor and a set of essential and non-essential devices;
a current analysis component to determine a power level drawn from the source of current by the set of essential and non-essential devices;
a variation reduction component to determine an energization schedule of the set of essential and non-essential devices based on reducing temporal variation in the input power drawn from the source of current to the bus contactor, wherein the variation reduction component is configured to selectively energize a subset of the set of essential and non-essential devices to maintain a constant output power load; and
a switch control component configured to adjust the set of switches according to the energization schedule.

US Pat. No. 10,396,556

120VAC TO 240VAC POWER CONVERTER, ADAPTER AND METHODS OF USE

Q Factory 33 LLC, Encini...

1. An electrical power adapter configured to combine two electrical inputs to produce an electrical output at a voltage substantially equal to a sum of voltages of the two electrical inputs, the adapter comprising:a first normally open relay operably connected to a first electrical input and comprising a coil of the first normally open relay and two contacts of the first normally open relay, and the two contacts of the first normally open relay closing only when the coil of the first normally open relay is energized at a first voltage from the first electrical input provided at a first phase;
a second normally open relay operably connected to a second electrical input and comprising a coil of the second normally open relay and two contacts of the second normally open relay, and the two contacts of the second normally open relay closing only when the coil of the second normally open relay is energized at a second voltage from the second electrical input provided at a second phase; and
a third normally open relay operably connected to both the first and second normally open relays and comprising a coil of the third normally open relay and four contacts of the third normally open relay, and the four contacts of the third normally open relay closing when the coil of the third normally open relay is energized at a third voltage, the third voltage being the sum of the first voltage and the second voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,396,528

LASER DEVICE AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A method for manufacturing a laser device, the method comprising:providing a substrate having a lower semiconductor layer, an upper semiconductor layer, and a first oxide film disposed between the lower and upper semiconductor layers;
forming first and second regions which have doping types different from each other by implanting impurities into the upper semiconductor layer;
forming a silicon photonic crystal structure having a plurality of holes by etching the upper semiconductor layer;
forming an opening exposing the lower semiconductor layer by removing the first oxide film disposed under the silicon photonic crystal structure; and
forming a germanium single crystal layer in the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,396,516

SLIPRING WITH INTEGRATED HEATING UNIT

1. A slipring module comprising:an isolating body, wherein the isolating body is configured to rotate during operation about an axis of the slipring module and relative to an electrical contact;
at least one slipring track coupled directly to and around the isolating body, the at least one slipring track being electrically conductive; and
at least one heating element configured to generate heat and to increase a temperature of the at least one slipring track for bringing the at least one slipring track to an operation temperature and for removing humidity from the at least one slipring track,
wherein the at least one heating element is embedded into the isolating body under the at least one slipring track, and
wherein the at least one slipring track is electrically isolated from the at least one heating element.

US Pat. No. 10,396,475

VICE-TYPE TERMINAL BLOCK FOR INTERCONNECTING TWO THIMBLES AND ASSOCIATED CONNECTION

1. A vice-type terminal block for electrically connecting a pair of lugs by clamping them together, each lug comprising a barrel extending along an axis in a centered manner, and a flange connected to said barrel and extending radially relative to said barrel, said flange having, on an opposite side to where said barrel is located, an electrical contact surface normal to said axis, the vice-type terminal block comprising:two opposing plates and a clamping system for moving the two plates towards one another, wherein each plate comprises a slot for receiving one of said lugs thereby positioning the flange of each respective lug on one side of the respective plate and also between the two opposing plates, also thereby positioning the barrel of each respective lug on the other side of the plate opposite the one side, and
a means for supporting the pair of lugs such that their electrical contact surfaces face one another and are aligned.

US Pat. No. 10,396,466

MICROWAVE SYSTEM

Ubiquiti Networks, Inc., ...

1. A device comprising:a center-fed reflector;
an antenna tube disposed along the central axis of the center-fed reflector, said antenna tube including a circuit board, said circuit board having a top surface and a bottom surface;
a first radiator element disposed on the top surface of the circuit board, and substantially perpendicular to the top surface of the circuit board;
a second radiator element disposed on the bottom surface of the circuit board and substantially perpendicular to the bottom surface of the circuit board;
said first and second radiator elements, electrically coupled to form a half-wavelength dipole antenna;
a pair of director elements disposed through the circuit board, substantially parallel to the first or second radiator elements;
a first sub-reflector disposed on the antenna tube, said first sub-reflector having a concave surface substantially disposed towards the first radiator element;
a second sub-reflector disposed on the antenna tube, said second sub-reflector having a concave surface substantially disposed towards the second radiator element, and
a radio transceiver disposed on the top surface of circuit board, said radio receiver including a controller that supports open system interconnection OSI support,
wherein the radio transceiver is electrically coupled to the first and second elements.

US Pat. No. 10,396,436

COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A communications device, comprising:a metal carrier having a mounting plane, wherein at least one mounting area is defined on the mounting plane;
an antenna element disposed in each mounting area and comprising:
a radiation structure connected to a feed structure, wherein the feed structure is fastened to the mounting plane, and a point at which the feed structure is connected to the mounting plane is a feedpoint;
wherein the mounting area is an area in which the mounting plane intersects a circle centered at the feedpoint of the antenna element in the mounting area and having a radius that does not exceed a specified radius; and
wherein when a boundary line of the mounting area comprises a boundary line of the mounting plane, a distance from the feedpoint of the antenna element in the mounting area to the boundary line of the mounting area is less than or equal to a specified distance, and/or when a boundary line of the mounting area comprises a vertex of the mounting plane, a distance from the feedpoint of the antenna element in the mounting area to the vertex is less than or equal to a specified distance; wherein the specified distance is 0.12?1, the specified radius is 0.25?1, and ?1 is a wavelength corresponding to a minimum operating frequency of the antenna element; wherein a height of the antenna element is not greater than 0.25?1.

US Pat. No. 10,396,428

BEAM SHAPING ANTENNA FOR LAMINATED GLASS

PALO ALTO RESEARCH CENTER...

1. An apparatus comprising:an antenna;
a first split ring resonator located on a first side of the antenna, wherein the first split ring resonator is magnetically coupled to the antenna, and wherein the first split ring resonator further comprises a first resonating element coplanar to the antenna and a second resonating element located above the first resonating element; and
a second split ring resonator located on a second side of the antenna, wherein the second split ring resonator is magnetically coupled to the antenna, and wherein the second split ring resonator further comprises a third resonating element coplanar to the antenna and a fourth resonating element located above the third resonating element.

US Pat. No. 10,396,420

STACKED CERAMIC RESONATOR RADIO FREQUENCY FILTER FOR WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS

Skyworks Solutions, Inc.,...

15. A wireless mobile device including a ceramic resonator filter comprising:a ceramic resonator filter including a printed circuit board, one or more first coaxial resonators disposed on the printed circuit board, one or more second coaxial resonators disposed over the one or more first coaxial resonators so that the one or more first coaxial resonators and one or more second coaxial resonators are arranged in a stacked configuration, the one or more first coaxial resonators and second coaxial resonators electrically connected to the printed circuit board, a second printed circuit board that extends generally perpendicular to the printed circuit board, the second printed circuit board having a protrusion configured to extend into an aperture on the printed circuit board to thereby couple the second printed circuit board to the printed circuit board, the one or more first and second coaxial resonators electrically connected to the second printed circuit board;
a radio frequency transceiver electrically connected to the ceramic resonator filter; and
an antenna electrically connected to the ceramic resonator filter.

US Pat. No. 10,396,419

COMMON-MODE SIGNAL ABSORBER

National Taiwan Universit...

1. A common-mode signal absorber, comprising:a first impedance-matching network comprising a first impedance unit; and
a common-mode signal reflection circuit, wherein input ends of the common-mode signal reflection circuit are connected to output ends of the first impedance-matching network, a differential-mode signal is inputted from input ends of the first impedance-matching network, and outputted from output ends of the common-mode signal reflection circuit;
wherein the first impedance-matching network is impedance matched to a common-mode signal within a specific frequency band; when the common-mode signal within the specific frequency band inputs to the first impedance-matching network from the input ends of the first impedance-matching network, the first impedance unit of the first impedance-matching network can be used for absorbing the common-mode signal within the specific frequency band; when the common-mode signal within the specific frequency band is unabsorbed by the first impedance unit and inputs to the common-mode signal reflection circuit through the first impedance-matching network, the common-mode signal within the specific frequency band will be reflected by the common-mode signal reflection circuit back to the first impedance-matching network so that the first impedance unit of the first impedance-matching network can absorb the common-mode signal reflected by the common-mode signal reflection circuit;
wherein the common-mode signal within the specific frequency band is able to be repeatedly absorbed and reflected between the first impedance-matching network and the common-mode signal reflection circuit until an energy of the common-mode signal within the specific frequency band is completely exhausted.

US Pat. No. 10,396,418

ANAEROBIC ALUMINUM-WATER ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. An anaerobic aluminum-water electrochemical cell comprising:a plurality of electrode stacks, each electrode stack comprising an aluminum alloy anode, in the form of a plate, the plate having a first side and a second side opposite to the first side, and at least one cathode disposed adjacent to the first side of the plate and at least one cathode disposed adjacent to the second side of the plate, wherein the cathode on the first side and the cathode on the second side are configured to be electrically coupled to the anode, wherein the aluminum alloy is alloyed with two or more metals chosen from a group consisting of Ga, In, Sn, Mg, and combinations thereof;
one or more water permeable physical separators, between adjacent electrode stacks, positioned between the cathode on the first side of one electrode stack and the cathode on the second side of the adjacent electrode stack;
an electrolyte disposed between the anode and the at least one cathode on the first side and between the anode and the at least one cathode on the second side in each electrode stack;
a housing configured to hold the electrode stacks, the electrolyte, and the one or more physical separators; and
a water injection port, in the housing, configured to introduce water into the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,396,417

BATTERY ARRANGMENTS FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINES

Rolls-Royce Corporation, ...

1. A battery arrangement for a gas turbine engine, the battery arrangement comprising:a wall of the gas turbine engine;
a thermal battery coupled to the wall and arranged to receive thermal energy from gas of the gas turbine engine; and
charging circuitry configured to supply electrical energy to the thermal battery to recharge the thermal battery,
wherein the wall comprises at least a part of a turbine casing of the gas turbine engine and the battery arrangement further comprises at least one support member arranged to support the thermal battery within a turbine disc of the gas turbine engine and to couple the thermal battery to the turbine casing,
wherein the wall defines an annulus having a longitudinal axis, the at least one support member is arranged to position the thermal battery to intersect the longitudinal axis of the wall.

US Pat. No. 10,396,415

COOLING PLATE

MAHLE International GmbH,...

1. A cooling plate for battery cooling, the cooling plate comprising:a structural plate that has a channel-like recess which is surrounded by a raised edge region; and
a cover plate that rests on the raised edge region and covers the channel-like recess in order to form a channel;
openings with connection elements arranged thereon being arranged in the structural plate and/or in the cover plate for introducing a fluid into the channel and for discharging a fluid from the channel;
first mounting openings, the first mounting openings including a round hole being provided in the structural plate and a round hole being provided in the cover plate; and
second mounting openings, the second mounting openings including an elongate hole being provided in the structural plate and an elongate hole being provided in the cover plate,
wherein the round hole in the structural plate and the round hole in the cover plate align with one another for receiving a pin for fixing the structural and cover plates during a soldering process and the elongate hole in the structural plate and the elongate hole in the cover plate align with one another for receiving another pin for fixing the structural and cover plates during the soldering process, and
wherein at least one of the first mounting openings or the second mounting openings are arranged away from a line of symmetry of the structural plate and the cover plate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,414

HIGH POWER BATTERY CELLS HAVING IMPROVED COOLING

AVL Powertrain Engineerin...

1. A battery pack comprising:at least one battery cell; and
at least one cooling plate having a first side disposed adjacent to the at least one battery cell and including thermal pyrolytic graphite (TPG) to dissipate heat away from the at least one battery cell, wherein the TPG is embedded in the at least one cooling plate, the TPG is in direct physical contact with the at least one battery cell, the TPG forms a heat spreader having a substantially pi-shape, and the heat spreader includes a header and a pair of legs extending substantially perpendicularly from the header.

US Pat. No. 10,396,413

BATTERY COOLING FIN

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A battery pack, comprising:a battery assembly including:
a first battery cell;
a second battery cell;
a thermal fin positioned between said first battery cell and said second battery cell, said thermal fin including a thickened region having an increased thermal conductivity compared to a first region of said thermal fin,
wherein said thermal fin is a separate component from a casing of either of said first battery cell and said second battery cell; and
said thermal fin is segmented into a plurality of fingers, and each of said plurality of fingers contacts a side face of each of said first battery cell and said second battery cell,
wherein said thermal fin includes a first fin portion and a second fin portion, and each of said first fin portion and said second fin portion includes fingers and slots, said fingers of said first fin portion nesting within said slots of said second fin portion and said fingers of said second fin portion nesting within said slots of said first fin portion when said first fin portion is positioned back-to-back with said second fin portion.

US Pat. No. 10,396,412

POWER STORAGE MODULE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A power storage module comprising:a power storage element; and
a cooling member that is sandwiched by the power storage elements and in contact with the power storage elements to transfer heat, the cooling member including an enclosing member, refrigerant, and an absorbing member absorbing the refrigerant, the enclosing member including sheet members that are connected in a liquid tight manner, and the refrigerant and the absorbing member being arranged within the enclosing member, wherein
the cooling member has a section that is not sandwiched by the power storage elements and the enclosing member expands in the section according to transfer of heat generated in the power storage elements to the cooling member,
the cooling member is arranged to be inclined with respect to a horizontal plane such that a section thereof being in contact with the power storage element to transfer heat is on a lower level than the section of the cooling member having an expanded enclosing member.

US Pat. No. 10,396,411

TRACTION BATTERY THERMAL PLATE WITH TRANSVERSE CHANNEL CONFIGURATION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a plurality of battery cells;
an outlet plenum; and
a thermal plate supporting all of the plurality of battery cells, and having u-channel configurations each defining a flow path the entirety of which corresponds to only one of the plurality of battery cells and includes an inlet and outlet on a same side of the thermal plate, wherein fluid exiting the outlets empties into the outlet plenum external to the thermal plate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,410

BATTERY SYSTEM HOUSING WITH INTERNAL BUSBAR

THUNDER POWER NEW ENERGY ...

1. A battery pack for an electric vehicle, the battery pack comprising:an upper tray;
a first busbar attached to the upper tray;
a lower tray;
a second busbar attached to the lower tray;
a plurality of battery cells arranged in the upper and lower trays between the first and second busbars, wherein the first busbar is between the battery cells and the upper tray, and wherein the second busbar is between the battery cells and the lower tray, wherein each of the battery cells comprises first and second terminals and at least one side wall extending substantially from the first terminal substantially to the second terminal, wherein the first busbar contacts the first terminal and the side wall of each of the battery cells, and wherein the second busbar contacts the second terminal and the side wall of each of the battery cells; and
a first thermally conductive cooling plate formed from a thermally conductive material, the first cooling plate contacting one of:
at least one of the lower tray and the second busbar, and
at least one of the upper tray and the first busbar,
wherein the first thermally conductive cooling plate comprises one or more internal cooling ducts configured to conduct a cooling fluid therethrough.

US Pat. No. 10,396,409

HEAT SINK AND POWER BATTERY SYSTEM

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, She...

1. A heat sink, comprising: a heat dissipation plate and a cover plate, wherein,the heat dissipation plate comprises a bottom plate and a plurality of fins on the bottom plate such that a cross-section of the heat dissipation plate has a comb pattern;
the cover plate is fixedly connected to the heat dissipation plate, and includes an inner surface facing the fins and a rib portion protruding from the inner surface, wherein the rib portion and the inner surface include grooves for receiving the fins, wherein a groove on the rib portion receives a first fin having a first height and a groove on the inner surface receives a second fin having a second height greater than the first height;
the fins of the heat dissipation plate are disposed between the bottom plate and the cover plate; and
an air duct is formed among the bottom plate, the fins and the cover plate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,408

WASTE BATTERY TREATMENT APPARATUS USING CONTINUOUS HEAT TREATMENT, AND METHOD FOR RECOVERING VALUABLE METALS FROM LITHIUM-BASED BATTERY USING SAME

KOREA INSTITUTE OF GEOSCI...

1. A method for recovering valuable metals by a continuous heat treatment process from a lithium-based battery by using a waste battery treatment apparatus using continuous heat treatment, which includes a frame, a reaction reservoir, a vacuum forming means, and an inlet, the method comprising:a vacuum forming step of vacuumizing the inside of the reaction reservoir by using the vacuum forming means;
a heat treatment step of inputting and heat-treating waste batteries to be treated by opening a gas blocking door of the inlet;
a closing step of closing the gas blocking door in order to prevent poisonous gas or dust in the reaction reservoir from being discharged to the outside after the waste battery inputting step;
a gas discharging step of discharging the poisonous gas and dust generated during the heat treatment through a gas outlet;
a gas treatment step of separating and treating valuable metal powder included in the discharged dust in the gas discharging step;
a collection step of collecting the waste batteries heat-treated through the heat treatment step from the reaction reservoir; and
a step of crushing or grinding the collected waste batteries and thereafter, separating and recovering the valuable metal powder of the crushed or ground waste batteries, wherein the method further comprises
a storage device inserting step of inputting the waste batteries to be treated into a storage device which can be input into/output from a treatment space of the reaction reservoir and thereafter, moving the storage device and inserting the storage device into the treatment space of the reaction reservoir prior to the heat treatment step; and
a reaction reservoir separating step of separating the storage device from the treatment space of the reaction reservoir and discharging the separated storage device to the outside prior to the collection step,
wherein the storage device includes a lower frame with a moving device, an upper frame which extends upward from the lower frame, and a basket provided in the upper frame and having a storage space capable of the waste batteries to be treated therein.

US Pat. No. 10,396,407

SECONDARY BATTERY INTERNAL TEMPERATURE ESTIMATION DEVICE AND SECONDARY BATTERY INTERNAL TEMPERATURE ESTIMATION METHOD

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A device comprising:a sensor for measuring an external temperature of a secondary battery of a vehicle;
a processor, wherein the processor is communicatively coupled to the sensor; and
a memory that stores executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, facilitate performance of operations, comprising:
estimating an internal temperature of the secondary battery of the vehicle on the basis of a relational equation showing a relationship between an external temperature of the secondary battery of the vehicle and an internal temperature of the secondary battery of the vehicle;
calculating element values of an equivalent circuit of the secondary battery, wherein the equivalent circuit of the secondary battery comprises at least a solution resistance and a reaction resistance;
determining coefficients of the relational equation on the basis of the element values of the equivalent circuit, wherein the determining the coefficients comprises determining, on the basis of one or more of the element values, a first coefficient of the relational equation applicable to the solution resistance and determining, on the basis of one or more of the element values, a second coefficient of the relational equation applicable to the reaction resistance; and
applying the coefficients obtained by the determining, wherein the estimating comprises estimating the internal temperature of the secondary battery on the basis of the relational equation to which the coefficients have been applied by the applying.

US Pat. No. 10,396,406

BATTERY MODULE

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A battery module comprising:a first battery cell;
a second battery cell, each of the first and second battery cells having first sides and second sides, the first sides being larger than the second sides;
a holder between the first battery cell and the second battery cell, the holder having:
a long side contacting the first sides of the first battery cell and the second battery cell;
a short side extending from a periphery of the long side toward the first, battery cell and the second battery cell and contacting a second side of each of the first battery cell and the second battery cell;
a protrusion protruding from the long side of the holder toward one of the first battery cell and the second battery cell and a second protrusion substantially extending around the protrusion, the second protrusion having an oval shape or a polygonal shape; and
a receiving groove located on the long side of the holder; and
a temperature measuring unit accommodated in the receiving groove in the holder, contacting the first side of the one of the first and second battery cells, and being configured to measure a temperature of at least the at least the one of first and second battery cells.

US Pat. No. 10,396,405

BUS BAR FOR A BATTERY CONNECTOR SYSTEM

TE CONNECTIVITY CORPORATI...

1. A bus bar for electrically connecting adjacent first and second battery cells of a battery module comprising:a base having a first leg and a second leg connected by a flexible joint, the flexible joint being folded-over such that the first leg is above the second leg, the first leg, the second leg, and the flexible joint each arranged to span across the first and second battery cells;
a first terminal tab extending from the first leg, the first terminal tab being configured to be terminated to a corresponding battery cell terminal of the first battery cell;
a second terminal tab extending from the second leg, the second terminal tab being configured to be terminated to a corresponding battery cell terminal of the second battery cell;
wherein the first and second terminal tabs are arranged side-by-side, the first terminal tab being vertically positionable independent of the second terminal tab by the flexible joint; and
wherein the first terminal tab has an inner surface configured to face the battery terminal of the first battery cell and an outer surface opposite the inner surface, the second terminal tab having an inner surface configured to face the battery terminal of the second battery cell and an outer surface opposite the inner surface, the inner surfaces being generally coplanar, the outer surfaces being generally coplanar.

US Pat. No. 10,396,404

ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL WITH BIPOLAR FARADAIC MEMBRANE

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. An electrochemical cell comprising:a negative electrode comprising a first liquid phase having a first active metal;
a positive electrode, separated from the negative electrode, comprising a second liquid phase having a second active metal;
a liquid electrolyte, disposed between the negative electrode and the positive electrode, comprising a salt of the first active metal and a salt of the second active metal; and
a bipolar faradaic membrane, disposed between the negative electrode and the positive electrode, having a first surface facing the negative electrode and a second surface facing the positive electrode, the bipolar faradaic membrane is porous so as to allow cations of the first active metal to pass through and configured to impede cations of the second active metal from transferring from the positive electrode to the negative electrode, the bipolar faradaic membrane at least partially formed from a material having an electronic conductivity, at an operating temperature of the electrochemical cell, sufficient to drive faradaic reactions at the second surface with the cations of the positive electrode such that a rate of oxidation of the first active metal at the first surface is equal to or greater than a rate of reduction of the cations of the positive electrode at the second surface which causes the cations of the second active metal to be impeded from transferring from the positive electrode to the negative electrode, the operating temperature of the electrochemical cell is in the range of 500° C. or lower.

US Pat. No. 10,396,403

ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

DONGGUAN AMPEREX TECHNOLO...

1. An electrochemical energy storage device, comprising:a cell comprising a positive electrode plate, a negative electrode plate and a separator positioned between the positive electrode plate and the negative electrode plate;
an electrolyte immersing the cell; and
a package accommodating the cell and the electrolyte;
the electrochemical energy storage device further comprising:
a binding material positioned between the cell and the package, comprising:
an adhesive layer directly or indirectly adhered and positioned on an outer surface of the cell; and
a covering layer positioned between the adhesive layer and the package, the covering layer being configured to be dissolved or swollen into the electrolyte in whole or in part so as to expose the adhesive layer, the adhesive layer in turn making the cell adhered with the package;
the covering layer being a polar molecule, and the covering layer being one or more selected from the group consisting of polar fluorinated polyester, polar fluororubber, polyamide and fluorinated polyurethane;
the polar fluorinated polyester is one or more selected from the group consisting of linear fluorinated poly(butylene isophthalate), linear fluorinated poly(butylene terephthalate), hydroxyl terminated polyester polysiloxane containing fluorine, and hyperbranched polyhydroxy fluorinated polyester;
the polar fluororubber is one or more selected from the group consisting of hydroxyl nitroso fluororubber, and fluoro ether rubber;
the polyamide is one or more selected from the group consisting of polydecamethylene sebacamide, polyundecanamide, and polydodecanamide.

US Pat. No. 10,396,402

BATTERY, BATTERY MANUFACTURING METHOD, AND BATTERY MANUFACTURING APPARATUS

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A battery comprising:a first power generating element; and
a second power generating element laminated to the first power generating element, wherein
the first power generating element includes a first electrode current collector including an inner layer and an outer layer, a first electrode active material layer, a first solid electrolyte layer, and a first counter electrode active material layer;
the first solid electrolyte layer is disposed between the first electrode active material layer and the first counter electrode active material layer;
the inner layer of the first electrode current collector is in contact with the first electrode active material layer;
the second power generating element includes a second electrode current collector including an inner layer and an outer layer, a second electrode active material layer, a second solid electrolyte layer, and a second counter electrode active material layer;
the second solid electrolyte layer is disposed between the second electrode active material layer and the second counter electrode active material layer;
the inner layer of the second electrode current collector is in contact with the second electrode active material layer;
the outer layer of the first electrode current collector and the outer layer of the second electrode current collector are in contact with each other;
the inner layer of the first electrode current collector contains a first material;
the inner layer of the second electrode current collector contains a third material different from the first material;
the outer layer of the second electrode current collector contains a second material different from the first material; and
the outer layer of the first electrode current collector contains the second material.

US Pat. No. 10,396,401

STACKING APPARATUS AND STACKING METHOD

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A stacking apparatus comprising:a cylindrical rotary conveyance unit holding a separator of predetermined shape on an outer circumferential surface thereof and rotating to convey the separator; and
an electrode conveyance unit conveying an electrode of predetermined shape in a tangential direction of the rotary conveyance unit so that the electrode overlaps the separator, wherein:
the outer circumferential surface of the rotary conveyance unit is defined by
a suction area that is for drawing the separator by suction and is positioned on an upstream side of a rotation direction of the rotary conveyance unit with respect to a location to which the electrode is conveyed by the electrode conveyance unit, and
a non-suction area that is for removing the separator and is positioned on a downstream side of the rotation direction of the rotary conveyance unit with respect to the location to which the electrode is conveyed, the non-suction area arranged for removing the separator without blowing fluid in order to not produce positive pressure;
the stacking apparatus draws the separator by suction to the outer circumferential surface in the suction area, rotates the outer circumferential surface to convey the separator to the non-suction area, removes the separator from the outer circumferential surface, and transfers the separator to the electrode, thereby gradually stacking the separator on the electrode from a downstream side of the rotation direction,
wherein the rotary conveyance unit includes:
a rotatable cylindrical rotor having a plurality of external air holes in the outer circumferential surface thereof;
a cylindrical internal structure coaxially and non-rotatably arranged inside the cylindrical rotor and formed with a plurality of internal holes only in part of the outer circumferential surface thereof so as to be disposed to the suction area;
a partition wall provided in the internal structure for isolating the suction area and the non-suction area from each other; and
a negative pressure chamber formed within the internal structure and defined by the partition wall to be communicative with the plurality of internal holes, the negative pressure chamber being connected to a negative pressure supply device.

US Pat. No. 10,396,400

ELECTROLYTE FOR LITHIUM BATTERY AND LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE ELECTROLYTE

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. An electrolyte for a lithium battery, the electrolyte comprising:an organic solvent; and
a compound represented by Formula 1:

wherein, in Formula 1,
X1 to X4 are each independently oxygen (O) or nitrogen (N),
A1 to A4 each independently denote a chemical bond, an unsubstituted or substituted C1-C10 alkylene group, an unsubstituted or substituted C6-C10 arylene group, an unsubstituted or substituted C7-C10 arylalkylene group, an unsubstituted or substituted C2-C10 heteroarylene group, an unsubstituted or substituted C3-C10 heteroarylalkylene group, or an unsubstituted or substituted C4-C10 carbocyclic group, wherein at least one of A1 to A4 is (CH2)a, where a is independently 2 to 4
at least one of R1 to R4 is —C(R5)?Y1, where Y1 is C(R6)(R7), and R5 to R7 are each independently a hydrogen, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a C6-C10 aryl group, a C7-C10 arylalkyl group, a C6-C10 aryloxy group, a C2-C10 heteroaryl group, a C3-C10 heteroarylalkyl group, a C2-C10 heteroaryloxy group, a C4-C10 carbocyclic group, or a halogen atom, and
the remaining R1 to R4 are each independently a hydrogen, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a C6-C10 aryl group, a C7-C10 arylalkyl group, a C6-C10 aryloxy group, a C2-C10 heteroaryl group, a C3-C10 heteroarylalkyl group, a C2-C10 heteroaryloxy group, a C4-C10 carbocyclic group, or a halogen atom.

US Pat. No. 10,396,398

SECONDARY BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A secondary battery, comprising:a cathode;
an anode; and
an electrolyte between the cathode and the anode,
wherein the electrolyte includes:
a first electrolyte layer including a first polymer, a first lithium salt, and a first particle inorganic material having an average particle diameter (D50) of less than 500 nm; and
a second electrolyte layer including a second polymer, a second lithium salt, and a second particle inorganic material having an average particle diameter (D50) of 500 nm or greater,
wherein the first electrolyte layer is in a direction facing the anode.

US Pat. No. 10,396,397

GRAPHENE COMPOUND, METHOD FOR FORMING GRAPHENE COMPOUND, AND LITHIUM-ION STORAGE BATTERY

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A graphene compound comprising:graphene or graphene oxide; and
a substituted or unsubstituted chain group,
wherein the chain group comprises at least two or more ether bonds,
wherein the chain group is bonded to the graphene or graphene oxide through a Si atom, and
wherein a structure of the graphene compound is represented by a formula (200) shown below:

wherein GO represents the graphene or graphene oxide, and
wherein R represents the substituted or unsubstituted chain group.

US Pat. No. 10,396,396

LITHIUM-ION CONDUCTIVE GARNET AND METHOD OF MAKING MEMBRANES THEREOF

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A method of making a Li-ion conductive cubic garnet, comprising:forming a nitrate source aqueous solution comprising a first nitrate source and a nitrate dopant source;
contacting the nitrate source aqueous solution and a carbohydrate source and heating in a first heating step to form a nano-particle ash;
a second heating step of the nano-particle ash to produce a garnet nanoprecursor;
pelletizing the garnet nanoprecursor to form a Li-ion conductive cubic garnet pellet; and
a third heating step of the garnet pellet to form a dense Li-ion conductive cubic garnet membrane.

US Pat. No. 10,396,394

METHOD FOR PRODUCING SULFIDE ALL-SOLID-STATE BATTERY AND SULFIDE ALL-SOLID-STATE BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method for producing a sulfide all-solid-state battery, the method comprising:forming the sulfide all-solid-state battery comprising a cathode comprising a cathode active material layer that contains a cathode active material, an anode comprising an anode active material layer that contains an anode active material, and a solid electrolyte layer disposed between the cathode and the anode, wherein at least one of the anode active material layer and the solid electrolyte layer contains a sulfide-based solid electrolyte,
initially charging the sulfide all-solid-state battery after the forming of the sulfide all-solid-state battery, and
exposing a contact surface between the sulfide-based solid electrolyte and the anode active material of the sulfide all-solid-state battery to an oxygen-containing gas atmosphere at a time of the initially charging of the sulfide all-solid-state battery and optionally at a time after the initially charging of the sulfide all-solid-state battery,
wherein, in the initially charging of the sulfide all-solid-state battery, the sulfide all-solid-state battery is initially charged in the oxygen-containing gas atmosphere to set a potential of the anode of the sulfide all-solid-state battery to 0.85 V (vs. Li/Li+) or less.

US Pat. No. 10,396,393

HIGH SILICA CONTENT SUBSTRATE SUCH AS FOR USE IN THIN-FILM BATTERY

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A fused quartz substrate comprising:a first major surface having a surface area greater than 1 mm2;
a second major surface opposite the first major surface;
an outer perimeter surface extending between the first major surface and the second major surface;
at least 90% by weight silica;
an average thickness between the first major surface and the second major surface of less than 500 ?m; and
a width and a length that are less each than 100 m and greater than 1 mm;
a first group of a plurality of raised elongate features formed in the first major surface and extending in the direction of the width, wherein each raised elongate feature of the first group has a length and a width and the length is at least ten times larger than width, wherein the width of each elongate feature of the first group is between 10 mm and 2 ?m; and
a second group of a plurality of raised elongate features formed in the first major surface and extending in the direction of the length, wherein at least some of the raised elongate features of the second group intersect a raised elongate feature of the first group, wherein each raised elongate feature of the second group has a length and a width and the length is at least ten times larger than width, wherein the width of each elongate feature of the second group is between 10 mm and 2 ?m;
wherein at least some of the raised elongate features of the first group and of the second group extend from the surface a distance of at least 10 angstroms beyond the lowest portion of the first major surface;
wherein the surface area of the first major surface is at least 1.5 times the area of the cross-sectional shape defined by the outer perimeter surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,392

ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL

The Swatch Group Research...

1. An electrochemical cell, comprising:a first current collector comprising a first collecting section in contact with a first electrode and comprising a first connecting section;
a second current collector overlapping with the first current collector and comprising a second collecting section in contact with a second electrode and comprising a second connecting section;
wherein the first and second current collectors are mutually connected via their first and second connecting sections;
wherein a distance between the first and second connecting sections is equal to or smaller than 50% of the distance between the first and the second collecting sections;
wherein the first current collector comprises a plurality of first inwardly extending longitudinal indentations, the second current collector comprises a plurality of second inwardly extending longitudinal indentations, and the first inwardly extending longitudinal indentations are arranged to overlap with the second inwardly extending longitudinal indentations.

US Pat. No. 10,396,391

IONIZED GAS METAL CORE BATTERY

Hands of Jesus, Inc., Wh...

1. A battery comprising:a pressurized gas circulating system comprising at least a high pressure storage tank;
a reaction chamber comprising a housing and a positively charged metal core disposed within the housing;
a delivery line fluidly connecting the high pressure storage tank to the housing;
an exhaust line fluidly connecting the housing to the pressurized gas circulating system;
a cathode terminal comprising a plurality of cathode reflectors disposed within the housing, the plurality of cathode reflectors comprising primary reflectors and secondary reflectors; and
an anode terminal connected to the positively charged metal core, wherein
the battery comprises a charging phase when connected to a power source and a discharging phase when connected to an external circuit,
the charging phase comprising a hydrogen gas flowing from the high pressure storage tank through the delivery line, wherein the hydrogen gas is ionized by the cathode terminal with electrons and the ionized hydrogen gas comes into contact with the metal core, wherein the primary reflectors are positioned to ionize and deflect the hydrogen gas from the delivery line to the metal core and the secondary reflectors are positioned to ionize and further deflect loose gas molecules to the metal core, and
the discharging phase comprising the anode terminal delivering the electrons to the external circuit and the hydrogen gas flowing from the housing into the exhaust line.

US Pat. No. 10,396,389

FUEL CELL STACK

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A fuel cell stack comprising: a plurality of power generating cells stacked on one another;a heat exchange unit disposed between two of the power generating cells which are located adjacent to each other;
a fuel gas supply path for supplying fuel gas to thepower generating cells; andan oxidant gas supply path for supplying oxidant gas to the power generating cells, wherein
the fuel gas supply path includes, in series, a first path passing through the heat exchange unit, a second path passing in parallel through some of the plurality of powergenerating cells, and a third path passing in parallel through the remaining power generating cells;in the second path, when the power generating cells are viewed in a stacking direction thereof, two inlets of the fuel gas in each of the some power generating cells are located at a first position PA and a second position PB located along one side of each power generating cell, and one outlet of the fuel gas in each of the some power generating cells is located at a third position PC along another side of each power generating cell that is opposite the one side; and
in the third path, when the power generating cells are viewed in the stacking direction, an inlet of the fuel gas in each of the remaining power generating cells is located at a position coinciding with the third position PC, and an outlet of the fuel gas in each of the remaining power generating cells is located at a position between the first position PA and the second position PB.

US Pat. No. 10,396,388

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR STORING AND RELEASING ENERGY

HYDROGENIOUS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A system for releasing energy in a form of hydrogen comprising:an unloading unit for unloading hydrogen from a loaded carrier medium;
a heat generation unit for generating heat;
a heat storage unit for storing the heat generated by means of the heat generation unit, wherein the heat storage unit is connected with the unloading unit in order to supply heat;
a power generation unit for generating electric power, wherein the power generation unit is connected with the heat generation unit in order to supply electric power for heat generation, wherein the heat from the heat storage unit is delivered directly to the unloading unit.

US Pat. No. 10,396,387

CARBON NANOTUBE BASED MICROBIAL FUEL CELLS AND METHODS FOR GENERATING AN ELECTRIC CURRENT

1. A microbial fuel cell, comprising:a housing comprising one or more cell compartments with an anode compartment having an anode in a side, and a cathode compartment having a cathode on another side separated by a cation exchange membrane, wherein the cation exchange membrane is a sulfonated tetrafluorethylene based fluoropolymer-copolymer;
wherein the anode is a glassy carbon coated with a multi-walled carbon nanotube/tin oxide nanocomposite configured to attach a plurality of Escherichia coli bacteria, immersed in a solution containing glucose and the cathode is a platinum electrode immersed in another solution containing hexacyano ferrate, and the anode and cathode are electrically connected to one another via a resistance to generate electricity, wherein the power density of the microbial fuel cell is greater than 1400 mW/m2.

US Pat. No. 10,396,385

ION EXCHANGING MEMBRANE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

KOLON INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. An ion exchange membrane comprising:a porous support including a plurality of pores; and
an ion conductor filling the pores of the porous support,
wherein the porous support includes micropores having a size of 31 to 1000 ?m, and wherein the micropores having a size of 31 to 1000 ?m constitute 1 to 20% of the total volume of the plurality of pores.

US Pat. No. 10,396,384

COMPOSITE POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE FOR FUEL CELL, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENC...

1. A method of manufacturing a composite polymer electrolyte membrane for a polymer electrolyte fuel cell, the method comprising:performing a centrifugal process on a perfluorinated sulfonic acid polymer solution in which a porous fluorinated polymer support is immersed to fill the inside of pores of the porous fluorinated polymer support with a perfluorinated sulfonic acid polymer and form a perfluorinated sulfonic acid polymer resin membrane on an external surface of the porous fluorinated polymer support,
wherein the composite polymer electrolyte membrane comprises:
the porous fluorinated polymer support; and
the perfluorinated sulfonic acid polymer resin membrane which fills the inside of pores of the porous fluorinated polymer support and covers an external surface of the porous fluorinated polymer support.

US Pat. No. 10,396,383

MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY AND FUEL CELL COMPRISING THE SAME

KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENC...

1. A membrane electrode assembly comprising:a cation exchange membrane electrode assembly comprising a cation exchange membrane, a first cathode electrode disposed on the cation exchange membrane, and a first anode electrode disposed under the cation exchange membrane; and
an anion exchange membrane electrode assembly comprising an anion exchange membrane, a second cathode electrode disposed on the anion exchange membrane, and a second anode electrode disposed under the anion exchange membrane,
wherein the cation exchange membrane and the anion exchange membrane partially contact each other, and
the first cathode electrode, the first anode electrode, the second cathode electrode, and the second anode electrode do not contact one another.

US Pat. No. 10,396,382

PREVENTING MIGRATION OF LIQUID ELECTROLYTE OUT OF A FUEL CELL

DOOSAN FUEL CELL AMERICA,...

1. A cell stack assembly, comprising:a plurality of fuel cells, each fuel cell including a cathode electrode, an anode electrode and a matrix for holding a liquid acid electrolyte between the cathode electrode and the anode electrode, the cathode electrodes having lateral outside edges, the anode electrodes having lateral outside edges, the lateral outside edges of the electrodes being generally coplanar;
a plurality of separator plates respectively between the cathode electrode of one of the fuel cells and the anode electrode of an adjacent one of the fuel cells, the separator plates having lateral outside edges that are generally coplanar with the lateral outside edges of the electrodes; and
a plurality of barriers respectively situated along at least one of the lateral outside edges of respective ones of the separator plates, the barriers respectively extending outwardly beyond the lateral outside edges of the electrodes and separator plates, the barriers respectively inhibiting acid migration between the cathode electrode of the one of the fuel cells on one side of the barrier and the anode electrode of the adjacent one of the fuel cells on an opposite side of the barrier.

US Pat. No. 10,396,381

THERMOELECTRIC COOPERATION CONTROL METHOD FOR SOFC SYSTEM BASED ON FRACTIONAL ORDER SLIDING MODE VARIABLE STRUCTURE

HUAZHONG UNIVERSITY OF SC...

1. A thermoelectric cooperative control method for a SOFC (solid oxide fuel cell) system based on fractional order sliding mode variable structure, comprising the following steps:S1. Collecting parameters of system states and output under combinations of different input parameters of the SOFC system, acquiring an influence function of steady-state power, temperature, efficiency response characteristics and bypass valve opening BP within a full load interval on efficiency optimization, as well as an efficiency optimization function within a specified load switching interval and under a time-delay condition by a system identification method;
S2. Acquiring a local optimal steady-state operation function, a global optimal function under the steady state developed and formed, and a power tracking function with different switching intervals and different time-delay conditions based on the influence function of steady-state power, temperature, efficiency response characteristics and bypass valve opening BP within a full load interval on efficiency optimization, as well as an efficiency optimization function within a specified load switching interval and under a time-delay condition;
S3. Calculating a sliding mode interval according to the optimal steady-state operation function, the global optimal function under the steady state developed and formed as well as the efficiency optimization function within the specified load switching interval and under a time-delay condition;
S4. Calculating a series reaching law function according to the sliding mode interval, the steady-state power and efficiency response characteristics within a full load interval, an efficiency optimization function within a specified load switching interval and under a time-delay condition as well as a modified optimization function within different switching load intervals and under different time-delay conditions;
S5. Eliminating chattering of the series reaching law function through a fractional order optimization method, and solving the reaching law by calculation.

US Pat. No. 10,396,380

ON-VEHICLE FUEL CELL SYSTEM

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. An on-vehicle fuel cell system to be mounted in a fuel cell vehicle, the system comprising:a fuel cell that generate electricity through electrochemical reaction of oxidant gas fed to a cathode side with fuel gas fed to an anode side with an electrolyte membrane being located between the cathode side and the anode side;
an oxidant gas feeding pipe that feeds the oxidant gas to the fuel cell;
an oxidant exhaust gas discharge pipe that discharges, from the fuel cell, oxidant exhaust gas being the oxidant gas at least partially used in the cathode side;
a fuel gas feeding pipe that feeds the fuel gas to the fuel cell;
a fuel exhaust gas discharge pipe that discharges, from the fuel cell, fuel exhaust gas being the fuel gas at least partially used in the anode side;
a mixed exhaust gas discharge pipe that connects the oxidant exhaust gas discharge pipe to the fuel exhaust gas discharge pipe to discharge mixed exhaust gas of the oxidant exhaust gas and the fuel exhaust gas; and
a dilution unit connected to the mixed exhaust gas discharge pipe, into which the mixed exhaust gas is introduced, wherein
the dilution unit includes a stirring chamber that expands from an outlet of the mixed exhaust gas discharge pipe and communicates with the mixed exhaust gas discharge pipe, and
an opening that takes in air into the stirring chamber is formed in a lower face of the stirring chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,396,379

COOLING SYSTEM OF FUEL CELL VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A cooling system of a fuel cell vehicle, comprising:a stack in which a plurality of fuel cells are laminated;
a manifold in which the stack is disposed, and an inside of which cooling water flows to exchange heat with the stack;
a flow control valve installed in the manifold, and is opened and closed to exchange heat of cooling water with the stack based on a temperature of the stack; and
a cooling water flow channel configured to guide the cooling water into the manifold, and which is dually arranged to exchange heat with the stack,
wherein the cooling water flow channel includes:
a normal cooling water flow channel connected directly to at least one of the stack to discharge the cooling water;
a low cooling water flow channel connected to the normal cooling water flow channel and configured to discharge the cooling water to the normal cooling water flow channel based on the temperature of the stack; and
a connector connecting the normal cooling water flow channel and the low cooling water flow channel,
wherein a temperature of the cooling water flowing through the low cooling water flow channel is kept lower than a temperature of the cooling water flowing through the normal cooling water flow channel with the stack in operation, and
wherein the flow control valve is installed in the connector to adjust a flow of the cooling water from the low cooling water flow channel to the normal cooling water flow channel based on the temperature of the stack.

US Pat. No. 10,396,378

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING STACK PERFORMANCE OF FUEL CELL SYSTEM

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A device for improving stack performance of a fuel cell system, comprising:a fuel cell controller configured to operate a stack of a normal-pressure fuel cell system,
wherein when the fuel cell controller determines that an operating state of the stack is normal and a current intake air pressure is decreased as a result of monitoring the current intake air pressure, a current output, and an exterior air temperature of the stack, the fuel cell controller is configured to increase the amount of air to be supplied into the stack by adjusting a range of a theoretical air ratio which is a theoretical ratio of an air amount to a coolant temperature in the stack,
wherein the fuel cell controller is configured to control a coolant target temperature to maintain a water balance in the stack when the range of the theoretical air ratio is changed.

US Pat. No. 10,396,377

FUEL CELL DEVICE

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. A fuel cell device comprising:a fuel cell configured to generate power using a fuel gas and an oxygen-containing gas, the power supplied to an external load;
a fuel gas supply device configured to supply the fuel gas to the fuel cell;
an oxygen-containing gas supply device configured to supply the oxygen-containing gas to the fuel cell;
a combusted space where the fuel gas not used for power generation and wasted from the fuel cell is combusted;
an igniter configured to combust the fuel gas not used for power generation and wasted from the fuel cell; and
a controller configured to control operation of the fuel gas supply device, the oxygen-containing gas supply device, and the igniter,
wherein the controller is configured to allow the fuel gas supply device and the oxygen-containing gas supply device to change supply amounts of the fuel gas and the oxygen-containing gas in accordance with changes in power as required by the external load, and
wherein the controller is further configured to allow the fuel gas supply device and the oxygen-containing gas device to supply the fuel gas and the oxygen-containing gas supplied to the fuel cell in a decreased supply amount less than a supply amount to be set in accordance with a decreased power as required by the external load, and configured to cause the igniter to start operation if the power required by the external load decreases and flameout of the combustion in the combusted space is recognized.

US Pat. No. 10,396,376

FUEL CELL VEHICLE CONTROL METHOD AND FUEL CELL VEHICLE CONTROL APPARATUS

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell vehicle control method executed in a fuel cell vehicle having a fuel cell, an air supply device that supplies air to the fuel cell, a drive motor that drives a fuel cell vehicle using power from the fuel cell, and a transmission provided in a power transmission path between the drive motor and drive wheels, the method changing an output current depending on a required generated power of the fuel cell, and adjusting an air supply flow rate of the air supply device depending on the change of the output current, the method comprising:setting the required generated power of the fuel cell to power lower than the required generated power immediately prior to an inertia phase when a gearshift operation of the transmission is under the inertia phase of an upshift operation; and
controlling the air supply flow rate to an inertia phase supply flow rate higher than the air supply flow rate set in response to a decrease of the output current of the fuel cell during the inertia phase.

US Pat. No. 10,396,374

FUEL CELL COOLING SYSTEM

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A fuel cell cooling system circulating a refrigerant in a fuel cell, an air cooler and a radiator by a circulation pump, cooling down the fuel cell by controlling the radiator to dissipate a heat transmitted from the fuel cell to the refrigerant and cooling down an air supplied to the fuel cell by the air cooler, the fuel cell cooling system comprising:an air temperature sensor configured to sense an air detection temperature that is a temperature of the air that flows out of the air cooler and is supplied to the fuel cell;
a computer, including a hardware processor and a non-transitory storage medium storing instructions for execution by the hardware processor such that the computer is at least programmed to:
estimate an air estimation temperature that is the temperature of the air that flows out of the air cooler and is supplied to the fuel cell, based on a temperature of a refrigerant flowing into the air cooler, a power supply quantity that is a quantity of a power supplied to the circulation pump, a temperature of the air flowing into the air cooler and a flow volume of the air; and
determine that a circulation flow volume of the refrigerant is in an abnormal state where the circulation flow volume is smaller than a predetermined flow volume when the air detection temperature sensed by the air temperature sensor is higher than the air estimation temperature estimated by the computer by a value greater than or equal to a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,396,373

PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELL WITH A BELLOWS-SHAPED MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY DEVICE

Tsinghua University, Bei...

1. A proton exchange membrane fuel cell, comprising:a reacting room;
a fuel room in communication with the reacting room through a fuel inputting hole;
a fuel inputting door located on the fuel inputting hole;
a waste room in communication with the reacting room through a waste outputting hole;
a waste outputting door located on the waste outputting hole; and
a membrane electrode assembly device located in the reacting room, wherein the membrane electrode assembly device defines a bellows and a pipe connected to the bellows and extending out of the reacting room, the reacting room is divided into a first electrode space outside the bellows and a second electrode space inside the bellows, volumes of the first electrode space and the second electrode space can be changed by deforming the bellows.

US Pat. No. 10,396,372

ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION CIRCULATION TYPE BATTERY

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. An electrolytic solution circulation type battery comprising:a tank which stores an electrolyte to be circulated to a battery cell; and
a pressure adjustment mechanism configured to adjust the pressure of a gas phase portion in the tank,
wherein the pressure adjustment mechanism includes a pressure adjustment bag which is provided outside the tank and expands or contracts in response to changes in pressure of the gas phase portion in the tank,
the pressure adjustment bag communicates through a duct with the gas phase portion in the tank that contains the electrolyte,
the pressure adjustment bag is made of a layered material including a corrosion protection layer and an oxygen barrier layer disposed on an outer periphery thereof,
the corrosion protection layer is formed of a resin selected from the group including polyvinyl chloride, polypropylene, polyethylene, and polytetrafluoroethylene, and
the oxygen barrier layer is formed of an organic material selected from the group including ethylene-vinyl alcohol copolymers, polyvinylidene chloride resins, polyvinyl alcohol resins, and nylon 6,
wherein the electrolytic solution circulation type battery further includes a box which contains the pressure adjustment bag and bears the internal pressure of the pressure adjustment bag due to expansion, and a size of the box is smaller than a maximum volume to which the pressure adjustment bag can be expanded,
wherein the size of the box is 80% or more and 98% or less of the maximum volume to which the pressure adjustment bad can be expanded, and
wherein at least part of the box is formed of a transparent member.

US Pat. No. 10,396,371

CONCAVE FUEL CELL KNOCK OUT DRAIN

Ford Global Technologies,...

16. A water removal system for a fuel cell comprising:a reservoir in fluid connection with the fuel cell, the reservoir having a concave, generally conically-shaped bottom wall forming an apex within a cavity of the reservoir, the reservoir further including a valve receptacle extending into the cavity of the reservoir, the valve receptacle defining a drain aperture and an outlet orifice having a bottom edge disposed at the apex of the bottom wall.

US Pat. No. 10,396,370

PASSIVE TORTUOUS PATH DRAIN

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A drain for a directing fluid flow from an enclosure,the drain comprising:
a drain body having a front face and a back face, the front face defining a curved trenched channel having a first curved channel end and a second curved channel end, the curved trenched channel having a loop shape that defines a central elevated section and a peripheral elevated section, the front face also defining a second trenched channel, the drain body defining at least one egress opening in fluid communication with the second trenched channel, the first curved channel end and the second curved channel end in fluid communication with the second trenched channel, the drain adapted to be positioned adjacent to a drain opening in an enclosure such that liquid flows from the drain opening to the curved trenched channel and then to the second trenched channel exiting through the egress opening; and
a retention feature that holds the drain to the enclosure, the retention feature extending from the central elevated section.

US Pat. No. 10,396,369

FUEL CELL STACK

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A fuel cell stack, comprising:a plurality of cell modules each comprising an integrally stacked plurality of single cells;
a sealing plate intervened between cell modules of the plurality of cell modules;
a manifold that penetrates the plurality of cell modules and the sealing plate between cell modules in a stacking direction to distribute reaction gas, wherein
each single cell of the plurality of single cells comprises a membrane electrode assembly with a peripheral frame and a pair of separators holding the peripheral frame and the membrane electrode assembly therebetween,
the sealing plate has approximately a same length and width as a single cell of the plurality of single cells,
the sealing plate comprises a sealing member that is disposed around the manifold between the sealing plate and a cell module to seal the manifold, and the sealing member comprises an extended portion that extends toward the manifold such that an end face of the extended portion is flush with an inner wall of the manifold.

US Pat. No. 10,396,368

PEM FUEL CELL STACK

WUHAN TROOWIN POWER SYSTE...

1. A fuel cell, comprising:a membrane electrode assembly (MEA); and
a flow field plate assembly which comprises a cathode flow field plate and an anode flow field plate that said MEA is sealed between said cathode flow field plate and said anode flow field plate; wherein said cathode flow field plate has a flat side at an inner side that faces toward said MEA, an opposed channel side, and a plurality of flow channels formed on said channel side of said cathode flow field plate, wherein said flow channels are through channels extended from said channel side of said cathode flow field plate to said flat side thereof for enabling fluid to flow along said flow channels to said MEA so as to promote electrochemical reaction through said MEA and generate electrical energy; wherein said anode flow field plate has a flat side at an inner side, an opposed channel side at an outer side that seals with said MEA, and a fuel channel formed on said channel side of said anode flow field plate for enabling the fuel to be supplied for the MEA therethrough, wherein said anode flow field plate further has two openings formed at two opposed end portions of said anode flow field plate, wherein said openings are through slots extended through said inner side and said outer side of said anode flow field plate, wherein two ends of said fuel channel are extended to said openings respectively for guiding the fuel to flow between said openings through said fuel channel, wherein said fuel channel is formed in a zigzag configuration and is indented on said channel side of said anode flow field plate, wherein said cathode flow field plate further has a plurality of cooling channels formed on said channel side of said cathode flow field plate; and
two sealing gaskets, one of said sealing gaskets being sealed between said flat side of said cathode flow field plate and said MEA, another said sealing gasket being sealed between said flat side of said anode flow field plate and said MEA, wherein said cooling channels are uncovered by said corresponding sealing gasket.

US Pat. No. 10,396,366

BIPOLAR PLATE HAVING A POLYMERIC COATING

Nuvera Fuel Cells, LLC, ...

1. A bipolar plate for an electrochemical cell, comprising:a metal frame and a base; and
a polymeric coating applied to all surfaces of the metal frame;
wherein a first portion of the polymeric coating applied to a first surface of the metal frame is configured to contact the base and a second portion of the polymeric coating applied to a second surface of the metal frame opposite the first surface is configured to contact a second base of an adjacent bipolar plate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,365

DIATOMACEOUS ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES

Printed Energy Pty Ltd, ...

1. A supercapacitor comprising an asymmetric pair of electrodes contacting an electrolyte, wherein each of the electrodes comprises a plurality of frustules, wherein one of the electrodes comprises a zinc oxide, and wherein each of the frustules of the other of the electrodes is coated with carbon nanotubes (CNTs).

US Pat. No. 10,396,364

ELECTRODE, METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME, AND BATTERY USING THE SAME

Jenax Inc., Busan (KR)

1. An electrode comprising:a conductive non-woven fabric sheet which is wound, folded, or bent on itself along a winding, folding, or bending axis to form an electrode package structure, the non-woven fabric sheet, comprising:
a main surface;
an interior formed under the main surface;
a network of conductive fibers;
pores for communicating between the main surface and the interior;
an upper conductive non-woven fabric sheet;
a lower conductive non-woven fabric sheet facing the upper conductive non-woven fabric sheet; and
a tension reinforcing layer arranged between the upper conductive non-woven fabric sheet and the lower conductive non-woven fabric sheet; and
conductive patterns formed on the main surface and extending parallel to the winding, folding, or bending axis so that the conductive non-woven fabric sheet is mechanically reinforced to reduce deformation or break due to stress, the conductive patterns at least partially blocking the pores on the main surface of the conductive non-woven fabric sheet,
wherein the conductive patterns are arranged at corner regions of the electrode package structure at which stresses are concentrated, and
wherein the upper conductive non-woven fabric sheet and the lower conductive non-woven fabric sheet are combined with one another by being bridged to one another via the tension reinforcing layer.

US Pat. No. 10,396,363

COPPER FOIL, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE CURRENT COLLECTOR AND NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS SECONDARY BATTERY

1. A copper foil including zinc in a content range of 0.02% by mass to 2.7% by mass in the total mass of the entire copper foil,wherein the regions in thicknesses direction from both surfaces of the copper foil that occupy 5% by mass in the total mass of the entire copper foil are referred to as the respective external layers, and a region between one external layer and the other external layer is referred to as an internal layer,
the internal layer comprises copper as a main element and includes 100 ppm or more in total of small-amount elements, and includes zinc at 10% or more in the total mass of zinc included in the entire copper foil;
wherein the small-amount elements in the internal layer comprise:
20 to 470 ppm of carbon,
5 to 600 ppm of sulfur,
15 to 600 ppm of chlorine and
about 397 to 600 ppm of nitrogen.

US Pat. No. 10,396,362

ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL SLURRY, PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF, AND ALL-SOLID SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An electrode active material slurry comprising:a clustered complex and a slurry,
wherein the clustered complex comprises an electrode active material, a solid electrolyte, a conductive material, and a first binder, and the slurry comprises a solvent and a second binder,
wherein the first binder is applied on a surface of the electrode active material, and the second binder is present between the electrode active materials,
wherein the first binder comprises polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE).

US Pat. No. 10,396,361

NONAQUEOUS LITHIUM-TYPE POWER STORAGE ELEMENT

Asahi Kasei Kabushiki Kai...

1. A nonaqueous lithium power storage element comprising a positive electrode, a negative electrode, a separator and a lithium ion-containing nonaqueous electrolytic solution, whereinthe negative electrode has a negative electrode power collector, and a negative electrode active material layer containing a negative electrode active material, provided on one or both sides of the negative electrode power collector,
the positive electrode has a positive electrode power collector, and a positive electrode active material layer containing a positive electrode active material, provided on one or both sides of the positive electrode power collector,
in the solid 7Li-NMR spectrum of the positive electrode active material layer, the relationship 1.04?b/a?5.56 is satisfied, where “a” is the peak area from ?40 ppm to 40 ppm obtained by measuring with a repeated latency of 10 seconds, and “b” is the peak area from ?40 ppm to 40 ppm obtained by measuring with a repeated latency of 3,000 seconds,
the positive electrode active material layer contains a lithium compound other than the positive electrode active material,
the positive electrode active material is an activated carbon, and
the lithium compound is at least one selected from the group consisting of lithium carbonate, lithium oxide and lithium hydroxide.

US Pat. No. 10,396,360

POLYMERIZATION PROCESS FOR FORMING POLYMERIC ULTRATHIN CONFORMAL COATINGS ON ELECTRODE MATERIALS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A negative electrode material for a lithium-ion electrochemical cell comprising:a flexible polymeric ultrathin conformal coating formed on a surface of the negative electrode material selected from the group consisting of: silicon, silicon-containing alloys, tin-containing alloys, and combinations thereof, wherein the flexible polymeric ultrathin conformal coating comprises one or more materials selected from silicon, siloxane, polycaprolactam, polyethylene oxide, and TEMPO methacrylate and the flexible polymeric ultrathin conformal coating has a thickness of less than or equal to about 50 nm and is capable of reversibly elongating by at least 50% from a contracted state to an expanded state in at least one direction to minimize or prevent fracturing of the negative electrode material during lithium ion cycling.

US Pat. No. 10,396,359

METHOD TO STABILIZE LITHIUM / CARBON MONOFLUORIDE BATTERY DURING STORAGE

Cardiac Pacemakers, Inc.,...

1. A method comprising:treating a CFx material with a base during the formation of a CFx cathode and having the base present in a isopropyl alcohol/deionized water solution; and
assembling the treated CFx material into a cathode electrode by mixing further additives with the treated CFx material and assembling the cathode electrode with a lithium anode electrode and an electrolyte into a cell;
wherein treating the CFx material with the base is done before assembling the treated CFx material into the cathode by mixing further additives with the treated CFx material such that acidic groups in the CFx material are neutralized before the cathode is assembled.

US Pat. No. 10,396,358

NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising:a positive electrode comprising a positive electrode active material layer;
a negative electrode comprising a negative electrode active material layer;
a separator interposed between the positive electrode active material layer and the negative electrode active material layer; and
a nonaqueous electrolyte solution,whereinthe positive electrode active material layer contains a positive electrode active material and an inorganic phosphate compound that contains an alkali metal and/or an alkaline-earth metal, and
a phosphate ion scavenger that scavenges a phosphate ion is disposed between the positive electrode active material layer and the negative electrode active material layer and/or in the negative electrode active material layer, and wherein
the inorganic phosphate compound is Li3PO4, and
the phosphate ion scavenger is at least one metal oxide particle selected from the group consisting of ZrO2, TiO2, and BaTiO3.

US Pat. No. 10,396,356

NICKEL MANGANESE COMPOSITE HYDROXIDE PARTICLES AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR A NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND A NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

SUMITOMO METAL MINING CO....

1. A manufacturing method for manufacturing a cathode active material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary batterythe cathode active material comprising:
spherical secondary particles formed with aggregated primary particles of a lithium nickel manganese composite oxide, the lithium nickel manganese composite oxide expressed by the general formula:
Li1+uNixMnyCozMtO2
wherein
?0.05?u?0.50,
x+y+z+t=1,
0.3?x?0.7,
0.1?y?0.55,
0?z?0.4,
0?t?0.1, and
M is an added element selected from one or more elements from among Mg, Ca, Al, Ti, V, Cr, Zr, Nb, Mo and W;
wherein the secondary particles comprise
a layered hexagonal crystalline structure,
an average particle size of 2 to 8 ?m,
a value of 0.60 or less of index [(d90?d10)/average particle size] indicating an extent of a particle size distribution,
a specific surface area of 1 to 2 m2/g, and
a hollow structure comprising a hollow section inside in a center section of the secondary particles and an outer shell section on the outside of the hollow section formed with the aggregated primary particles and the thickness of the outer shell section being 0.5 to 2.5 ?m;
the manufacturing method comprising:
a mixing step of mixing a lithium compound into nickel manganese composite hydroxide particles,
the nickel manganese composite hydroxide particles comprising:
spherical secondary particles formed with aggregated primary particles of a nickel manganese composite hydroxide, the nickel manganese composite hydroxide expressed by the general formula:
NixMnyCozMt(OH)2+a
wherein
x+y+z+t=1,
0.3?x?0.7, 0.1?y?0.55,
0?z?0.4,
0?t?0.1,
0?a?0.5, and
M is an added element selected from one or more elements from among Mg, Ca, Al, Ti, V, Cr, Zr, Nb, Mo and W;
wherein nickel manganese composite hydroxide particles comprise
an average particle size of 3 to 7 ?m,
a value of 0.55 or less of index [(d90?d10)/average particle size] indicating an extent of a particle size distribution, and
a layered structure comprising a center section formed with fine primary particles, and an outer shell section on the outside of the center section formed with plate shaped or needle shaped primary particles that are larger than the fine primary particles, and the thickness of the outer shell section being 0.3 to 3 ?m; and
a calcination step of performing calcination of a mixture of the lithium compound and the nickel manganese composite hydroxide particles formed in the mixing step in an oxygen atmosphere at a temperature of 800° C. to 980° C.

US Pat. No. 10,396,354

METHODS FOR PREPARING ANODES FROM ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL PARTICLES WITH LITHIUM BORATES AND PHOSPHATES COATINGS

StoreDot Ltd., Herzeliya...

1. A method for preparing a lithium ion cell, comprising:replacing a native oxide on a surface of anode active material particles that comprise at least one of Si, Ge, Sn and Al, by a layer of B2O3,
coating the anode active material particles by at least one coating that comprises at least one of a boron oxide, a phosphorus oxide, a borate, a phosphate and/or salts thereof,
preparing an anode from the anode active material particles, and
preparing a lithium ion cell using the prepared anode.

US Pat. No. 10,396,353

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUE

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A method of producing a negative electrode material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery containing negative electrode active material particles, the method comprising:producing a silicon compound expressed by SiOx where 0.5?x?1.6;
coating a surface of the silicon compound with a carbon coating composed of a substance at least partially containing carbon;
estimating a density of the carbon coating on the silicon compound;
performing adsorption-desorption isotherm measurement with nitrogen gas on the silicon compound with the carbon coating;
selecting, from the silicon compound with the carbon coating, a silicon compound having the carbon coating with a density ranging from 1.2 g/cm3 to 1.9 g/cm3 and having a characteristic of type II or type III adsorption-desorption isotherm in the IUPAC classification as obtained by the adsorption-desorption isotherm measurement with nitrogen gas; and
using the selected silicon compound coated with the carbon coating as the negative electrode active material particles to produce the negative electrode material.

US Pat. No. 10,396,352

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME, AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY SYSTEM

Maxell Holdings, Ltd., K...

1. A non-aqueous electrolyte battery comprising an electrode body in which a positive electrode and a negative electrode are laminated with a separator interposed therebetween, and a non-aqueous electrolyte,wherein the negative electrode has a laminated body including a metal base layer that does not form an alloy with Li, and Al active layers respectively bonded to both faces of the metal base layer,
Li—Al alloys are formed at least on surface sides of the Al active layers,anda Li content is 3 to 48 at % when a total of and Al in the Al active layer is taken as 100 at %.

US Pat. No. 10,396,351

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD OF PRODUCING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL PARTICLES

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A negative electrode material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, comprisingnegative electrode active material particles comprising a silicon compound expressed by SiOx, where 0.5?x?1.6, and a coating layer composed of an organic polymer coating the silicon compound, wherein
the silicon compound contains Li2SiO3 inside, and
the organic polymer comprises at least one of polyacrylic acid and an alkali metal salt thereof, and carboxymethyl cellulose and an alkali metal salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,396,348

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, METHOD OF PRODUCING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A negative electrode material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, comprising a conductive powder composed of silicon-based active material particles coated with a conductive carbon film, whereinthe conductive carbon film exhibit a d-band having a peak half width of 100 cm?1 or more, the d-band being determined from a Raman spectrum of the conductive carbon film, the silicon-based active material particles are particles of a silicon oxide expressed by SiOx where 0.5?x?1.6,
the silicon-based active material particles comprise silicon fine crystals dispersed in a silicon oxide, the silicon fine crystals having a crystallite size ranging from 1 to 9 nm, and
the conductive carbon film has a two-layer structure comprising a first carbon film being in contact with an outer surface of the silicon-based active material particles and a second carbon film being in contact with an outer surface of the first carbon film, the first carbon film being composed of a carbon material containing 70 mass % or more of a carbon compound having 3 or more carbon atoms, the second carbon film being composed of a carbon material containing 70 mass % of more of a carbon compound having 1 to 2 carbon atoms, wherein
the total carbon amount of the first carbon film and the second carbon film is in the range of 1 to 40 mass % with respect to the silicon-based active material particles.

US Pat. No. 10,396,346

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method of manufacturing a negative electrode for a nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery, the method comprising:mixing negative electrode active material particles and ferroelectric particles with each other to form first composite particles in which the ferroelectric particles are attached to the negative electrode active material particles;
mixing the first composite particles and a first binder with each other to form second composite particles;
mixing the second composite particles with a second binder to form granulated particles having a solid content concentration of 70 mass % or higher and lower than 90 mass %;
applying pressure to an aggregate of the granulated particles to form a sheet-shaped negative electrode mixture layer; and
arranging the negative electrode mixture layer on a main surface of a negative electrode current collector foil.

US Pat. No. 10,396,345

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRODE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method for manufacturing an electrode, the method comprising:a step of preparing a collector;
a coating step of applying an electrode active material to one surface or both surfaces of the collector to manufacture an initial electrode; and
a first cutting step of cutting the initial electrode coated with the electrode active material to manufacture a plurality of middle-stage electrodes,
wherein each of the middle-stage electrodes comprises two coating portions that are areas coated with the electrode active material and a non-coating portion that is an area which is not coated with the electrode active material, the coating portions are spaced apart from each other,
wherein, in the first cutting step, the initial electrode is cut so that for at least one of the plurality of middle-stage electrodes, the two coating portions have an overall length that is different than an overall length of two coating portions for at least one other middle-stage electrode, and
wherein, in each of the middle-stage electrodes, each of the two coating portions has a same length.

US Pat. No. 10,396,344

DRYING METHOD AND BATTERY MANUFACTURING METHOD

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A drying method that dries an electrode layer including a binder and a solvent, the drying method comprising:a first step of blowing a gas onto a first area of the electrode layer to volatilize the solvent, the electrode layer being coated on a base material; and
a second step of blowing a gas onto a second area of the electrode layer to volatilize the solvent, the second area being located around the first area,
wherein the first area and the second area are arranged in a staggered manner,
in the first step, by non-uniformly volatilizing the solvent, the binder diffuses such that a concentration of the binder in the first area is higher than a concentration of the binder in the second area on a surface of the electrode layer, and
in the second step, by non-uniformly volatilizing the solvent, the binder diffuses such that the concentration of the binder in the first area is lower than the concentration of the binder in the second area on the surface of the electrode layer.

US Pat. No. 10,396,342

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SECONDARY CELL HAVING A WOUND BODY EFFECTIVELY IMPREGNATED WITH ELECTROLYTIC SOLUTION

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method for manufacturing a secondary cell, comprising:a step of depressurizing an interior of a cell case having a pouring hole;
a step of pouring an electrolytic solution into the depressurized cell case;
a step of impregnating a wound body with the electrolytic solution from both axial end portions of the wound body;
a step of returning a wound body external space, which is a space between the cell case and the wound body, to atmospheric pressure;
a step of pre-sealing the cell case after the wound body external space is returned to atmospheric pressure;
a step of increasing the impregnated amount of the electrolytic solution in the both axial end portions of the wound body in order to reduce a difference in pressure between the wound body external space and a wound body internal space, which is an internal space of the wound body, after the pre-sealing the cell case, and air-tightly sealing the wound body internal space with respect to the wound body external space with the impregnated electrolytic solution;
a step of canceling the pre-sealing of the cell case and returning the wound body external space to atmospheric pressure to pressurize the wound body external space, which has been reduced in the difference in pressure; and
a step of sealing the pouring hole of the cell case after the pre-sealing of the cell is cancelled and the wound body external space is returned to atmospheric pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,396,341

RECHARGEABLE BATTERY WITH INTERNAL CURRENT LIMITER AND INTERRUPTER

American Lithium Energy C...

1. A high energy density rechargeable battery, comprising:two electrodes of opposite polarity, each electrode characterized by its resistivity, by its safe operating temperature range, and its safe charging voltage; and
a separator for separating the two electrodes and preventing internal discharge therebetween;
at least one electrode employing a current collector for transferring electrons;
the separator being subject to a risk of forming a short circuit, the short circuit potentially allowing a rapid internal discharge between the two electrodes, the rapid internal discharge between the two electrodes potentially allowing a rapid production of joule heat therefrom, the rapid production of joule heat potentially allowing a thermal runaway;
the two electrodes being subject to a risk of overcharge above the safe charging voltage and the formation of the short circuit therefrom; the two electrodes being subject to a risk of thermal runaway above the safe operating temperature range;
the improvement for slowing the rate of internal discharge resulting from the short circuit, for slowing the production of joule heat therefrom, and for reducing the risk of thermal runaway, the improvement comprising:
a current limiter forming an electrical coupling between one of the electrodes and its corresponding current collector, said current limiter having a resistivity for resistively impeding current therethrough and, in the event the separator forms the short circuit, for diverting current from the electrode current collector to which it is coupled, and for reducing the rate of the internal discharge between the two electrodes; and
a current interrupter having an engaged configuration, an disengaged configuration, and a gas generating component for transitioning said current interrupter from the engaged to the unengaged configuration,
the gas generating component having a trigger for generating a gas, the trigger being selected from the group consisting of temperature triggers and voltage triggers,
the temperature triggers being activatable above the safe operating temperature range;
the voltage triggers being activatable above the safe charging voltage;
in the engaged configuration, said current interrupter electrically coupling one of the electrodes and its corresponding current collector with a laminated connection,
in the disengaged configuration, the laminated connection becoming delaminated and said current interrupter forming a nonconductive gap for interrupting the electrical coupling between the electrode and its corresponding current collector,
said current interrupter transitioning from the engaged to the disengaged configuration by triggering the gas generating component responsive to the trigger, the generated gas delaminating the laminated connection for interrupting the electrical coupling between the electrode and its corresponding current collector,
whereby said current limiter and said current interrupter, in combination, diminishing the risk of thermal runaway resulting from separator short circuit, electrode overcharge, and electrode overheating.

US Pat. No. 10,396,340

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MAKING A BATTERY SAFE

SAFT, Bagnolet (FR)

1. A safety device for a battery comprising a positive electrical terminal and a negative electrical terminal, each being adapted to be connected to an electrical connector, the battery and the electrical connector being configured so that the electrical connector can be connected to each of the positive and negative electrical terminals at first and second alternate connection positions, the safety device comprising a safety member adapted to be selectively positioned in:a first safety position wherein the safety member prevents the connection of an electrical connector in the second connection position of the positive electrical terminal and in the first connection position of the negative electrical terminal; or
a second safety position wherein the safety member prevents the connection of an electrical connector in the first connection position of the positive electrical terminal and in the second connection position of the negative electrical terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,396,339

BI-METAL BATTERY TAB

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A battery, comprising:a conductive tab fixed to the battery and in electrical communication with a battery cell terminal of a battery cell of the battery, the conductive tab positioned partially external to the battery cell, the conductive tab comprising:
a socket segment composed at least in part of a first metal; and
a pin segment composed at least in part of a second metal, the pin segment comprising a pin surface positioned at least partially within the socket segment and in contact with at least a first socket wall of the socket segment,
wherein the conductive tab is configured to electrically connect the battery to an external component to provide power from the battery, and wherein the conductive tab including the socket segment and the pin segment remain fixed to the battery when the battery is not connected to the external component.

US Pat. No. 10,396,338

BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A battery comprising:an electrode assembly;
a case accommodating the electrode assembly;
a cap plate sealing an upper portion of the case;
a coupling pin elongated downwardly from the cap plate toward the electrode assembly such that the coupling pin is concave when the cap plate is viewed from above and convex when the cap plate is viewed from below;
an electrode lead coupled to the coupling pin, wherein the electrode lead electrically connects the coupling pin and the electrode assembly to one another and defines a coupling hole into which the coupling pin is inserted; and
wherein the coupling pin and the coupling hole have corresponding non-circular cross-sections.

US Pat. No. 10,396,337

METHOD FOR MECHANICAL TREATMENT OF AN ELECTRICAL CONNECTION PART FOR A SECONDARY CELL

SAFT, Bagnolet (FR)

1. A lithium-ion secondary cell comprising a connecting part for connecting electrodes of the secondary cell to a current output terminal of the secondary cell, said connecting part having:a first surface at least a portion of which comprises a plurality of indentations regularly spaced apart along two directions in a plane defined by said first surface, and
a second surface opposite, in a vertical direction, to the portion of the first surface, comprising the plurality of indentations,
wherein the connecting part comprises a copper or a copper-based alloy and is welded by laser welding to:
at least one foil comprising a copper or a copper-based alloy of an electrode of the secondary cell, an end of the at least one foil being not covered by any electrochemically active material or
a current output terminal comprising a copper or a copper-based alloy,
the second surface being welded with either the current output terminal or the end of the at least one foil, and being flat and entirely devoid of protrusions,
wherein the weld between the second surface of the connecting part and the current output terminal or the end of the at least one foil corresponds to a displacement of a laser beam, and
wherein the indentations have a square pyramidal shape for a view in a cross section of the connecting part.

US Pat. No. 10,396,336

SECONDARY BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly;
an electrode lead attached to an electrode tab extending from the electrode assembly, the electrode lead having a through-hole formed therein;
a case accommodating the electrode assembly and the electrode lead; and
a cap plate coupled to the case to seal an opening of the case and comprising a protrusion part protruding to the inside of the case, the protrusion part being coupled to the electrode lead through the through-hole by riveting,
wherein the cap plate has at least one rivet groove formed around a periphery of the protrusion part and having a depth in a thickness direction of the cap plate, and the at least one rivet groove receives the protrusion part compressed by a pressure applied thereto when the protrusion part is coupled to the electrode lead through the through-hole by riveting, the protrusion part being spread and extended into the at least one rivet groove to be contacting and electrically connected with the cap plate when the protrusion part is coupled to the electrode lead by riveting.

US Pat. No. 10,396,335

CONNECTOR FOR POWER BATTERIES, POWER BATTERY MODULE, POWER BATTERY PACK AND VEHICLE

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, She...

1. A connector for connecting power batteries, comprising:a main connection sheet, a first fixing sheet configured to be connected to a first power battery, and a second fixing sheet configured to be connected to a second power battery, wherein the main connection sheet is divided into a first connection segment and a second connection segment in a longitudinal direction, the second connection segment is bent over to be located above the first connection segment, the first fixing sheet is connected to an edge of the first connection segment and a first predetermined angle is formed between the first fixing sheet and the first connection segment, the second fixing sheet is connected to an edge of the second connection segment and a second predetermined angle is formed between the second fixing sheet and the second connection segment, the first predetermined angle is larger than 0 degree and less than 180 degrees, the second predetermined angle is larger than 0 degree and less than 180 degrees, and the first fixing sheet and the second fixing sheet are at a same side of the main connection sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,396,334

BATTERY MODULE AND BATTERY PACK COMPRISING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery module, comprising:a plurality of secondary batteries stacked to each other, each including an electrode assembly, a case and electrode leads; and
a terminal bus bar having a plate-like coupling unit, wherein electrode leads of the same polarity provided in three or more secondary batteries of the plurality of secondary batteries stacked to each other are coupled to the plate-like coupling unit,
wherein two or more electrode leads of the same polarity are stacked to each other and are in contact with one end of the plate-like coupling unit,
wherein each of the other one or more of said electrode leads of the same polarity is in direct contact with the other end of the plate-like coupling unit,
wherein each of said electrode leads of the same polarity is partially bent to form a bent portion, and an end of the bent portion is in contact with the terminal bus bar such that the terminal bus bar is located between the bent portion and the corresponding case, and
wherein the plate-like coupling unit of the terminal bus bar has a protrusion protruding outwards on an outer surface thereof, and the protrusion is interposed between the two or more electrode leads of the same polarity and the other one or more electrode leads of the same polarity such that the two or more electrode leads of the same polarity and the other one or more electrode leads of the same polarity are connected to flat portions of the outer surface of the plate-like coupling unit adjacent to the protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,396,333

FLEXIBLE ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICE PACK

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An electrochemical device pack, in which a length direction, a width direction and a thickness direction are defined, the electrochemical device pack comprising:first and second electrochemical devices disposed in the length direction, wherein each of the first and second electrochemical devices has a top surface and a bottom surface in the thickness direction; and
a first lead wire which has a ribbon shape, extends substantially in the length direction, and has a first surface and a second surface in the thickness direction,
wherein
the first electrochemical device comprises a packing material, and first and second electrode terminals exposed to an outside thereof,
the second electrochemical device comprises a packing material, and first and second electrode terminals exposed to an outside thereof,
the packing material of the first electrochemical device is spaced apart and disconnected from the packing material of the second electrochemical device,
the first lead wire is electrically connected to the first electrode terminal of the first electrochemical device and the first electrode terminal of the second electrochemical device, and
the first surface or the second surface of the first lead wire faces the top surface or bottom surface of the first electrochemical device.

US Pat. No. 10,396,332

BUS BAR ASSEMBLY FOR AN ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL STACK

HYDROGENICS CORPORATION, ...

1. An electrochemical cell stack comprising:a) a bus bar having two opposite generally flat side surfaces;
b) an end plate having a recess on one side, the recess arranged to receive the bus bar so that one of the two opposite generally flat side surfaces of the bus bar is received into the recess, the end plate having a substantially flat sealing area generally surrounding the recess; and
c) an elastic material in the form of a flat sheet arranged on the other of the two opposite generally flat side surfaces of the bus bar, the elastic material extending from the bus bar to the sealing area of the end plate to cover an interface between the bus bar and the end plate.

US Pat. No. 10,396,331

LAMINATE, SECONDARY BATTERY, BATTERY PACK, AND VEHICLE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A laminate comprising:an active material layer that comprises a plural of active material particles;
a separator that is layered on the active material layer, and comprises a first surface and a second surface opposed to the first surface; and
an organic electrolyte,
wherein the separator comprises particles comprising an inorganic compound having lithium ion conductivity at 25° C. of 1×10?10 S/cm or more, and a ratio (L/Rmax) of a thickness L to a radius Rmax satisfies 0 where the radius Rmax is a radius of the active material particle having a maximum particle size among the active material particles facing the first surface of the separator, and the thickness L is distance from an interface between the active material particle having a maximum particle size and the first surface of the separator to the second surface of the separator,
and wherein a ratio of an amount of the organic electrolyte to a total amount of the particles and the organic electrolyte is within a range of 1% by mass to 10% by mass.

US Pat. No. 10,396,329

BATTERY SEPARATOR MEMBRANE AND BATTERY EMPLOYING SAME

Dioxide Materials, Inc., ...

1. A battery comprising a separator membrane, the separator membrane comprising an ion-conducting polymeric composition comprising a copolymer of Ra-Rs and Rb, wherein:(a) Ra is a vinylbenzyl group;
(b) Rb is substituted ethene having the structural formula:

where R1-R4 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogens, linear alkyls, branched alkyls, cyclic alkyls, heteroalkyls, aryls, heteroaryls, alkylaryls, and heteroalkylaryls;
(c) Rs is a positively charged amine group or a positively charged phosphene group;
(d) the copolymer comprises at least 3% of Ra by weight;
(e) the copolymer comprises at least 3% of Rb by weight;
(f) Ra and Rb are different chemical constituents; and
(g) Ra-Rs is not vinylpyridine.

US Pat. No. 10,396,328

CELLULOSE BASED FUNCTIONAL COMPOSITES, ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES AND MANUFACTURING METHODS THEREOF

Teknologian tutkimuskesku...

1. A method of making a composite structure, the method comprising:obtaining a mixture in gel form, the step of obtaining the mixture in gel form comprising:
a step of preparing a mixture comprising at least cellulose, at least a portion of which is fibrillated cellulose, and water such that the solids content of the mixture is at least 20% of the weight of the mixture; and
a step of mixing the mixture obtained from the preparation step with at least one functional additive comprising at least one electrolyte, at least one of electrically conductive additive, cathode chemical, and anode chemical, at least one carbon component, or at least one of silicon and lithium, thereby obtaining the mixture in gel form containing the cellulose and the at least one functional additive as solids, the solids content of the gel being at least 20%, and up to 35%, of the weight of the gel,
processing the mixture in gel form having the solids content of at least 20%, and up to 35%, of the weight to form the composite structure having a shape; and
reducing the water content of the mixture to solidify the formed composite structure.

US Pat. No. 10,396,327

ACID RESISTANT GLASS MATS THAT INCLUDE BINDERS WITH HYDROPHILIC AGENTS

Johns Manville, Denver, ...

1. A lead-acid battery comprising:a positive electrode;
a negative electrode; and
a nonwoven glass-fiber mat disposed adjacent to at least one of the positive electrode and the negative electrode, wherein the nonwoven glass-fiber mat comprises:
glass fibers; and
a binder that holds together the glass fibers in the mat,
wherein the binder is made from a binder composition comprising:
an acid resistant polymer; and
a hydrophilic agent comprising a hydrophilic glycol ester;
wherein the hydrophilic agent increases wettability of the glass-fiber mat such that the glass-fiber mat forms a contact angle with water or aqueous sulfuric acid solution of 70° or less.

US Pat. No. 10,396,326

BATTERY BLOCK

SANYO ELECTRIC CO., LTD.,...

1. A battery block comprising:a plurality of batteries disposed in an arrangement, each of the plurality of batteries including a safety valve for releasing gas generated within the battery;
a positive electrode-side current collecting part for collecting current by connecting positive electrode sides of the plurality of batteries;
a negative electrode-side current collecting part for collecting current by connecting negative electrode sides of the plurality of batteries, and
a plurality of fuses,
wherein, in the positive electrode-side current collecting part and the negative electrode-side current collecting part that are connected to the plurality of batteries, one of the positive electrode-side current collecting part and the negative electrode-side current collecting part is connected to the safety valve of each of the plurality of batteries, and
one of the plurality of fuses is connected between the other of the positive electrode-side current collecting part and the negative electrode-side current collecting part and each of the plurality of batteries, and
wherein the gas released by the safety valve is released from the battery block without contacting the plurality of fuses.