US Pat. No. 10,393,525

MICRO-HEMISPHERICAL RESONATORS AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

Georgia Tech Research Cor...

1. A resonator assembly comprising:a substrate;
a curved resonator body;
a support stem having a first end attached to the substrate;
a levitation support having a first end attached to the curved resonator body; and
a ring attached to at least a portion of a perimeter of the resonator body;
wherein a second end of the levitation support is attached to a second end of the support stem; and
wherein the support stem is at least partially disposed within the levitation support.

US Pat. No. 10,393,523

PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A physical quantity sensor, comprising:an acceleration sensor provided with a sensing portion outputting a sensor signal corresponding to acceleration;
an angular velocity sensor provided with a sensing portion having an oscillating body that oscillates in a predetermined direction, the sensing portion outputting a sensor signal corresponding to an angular velocity from the sensing portion,
at least one of the acceleration sensor and the angular velocity sensor being of a package structure, in which a cap portion is arranged in a sensor portion where the sensing portion is formed and the sensing portion is hermetically sealed in an airtight chamber defined between the sensor portion and the cap portion;
a case having a housing space set to a predetermined pressure and housing the acceleration sensor and the angular velocity sensor in the housing space;
a detection unit outputting a detection signal corresponding to an oscillation of the oscillating body in the angular velocity sensor;
a self-diagnostic unit self-diagnosing a detection environment of the angular velocity sensor on a basis of the detection signal outputted by the detection unit; and
a circuit board received in the housing space, wherein:
the acceleration sensor is stacked on the circuit board through an adhesive agent,
the circuit board includes the detection unit and the self-diagnostic unit,
the acceleration sensor is of the package structure and the airtight chamber is set to an atmospheric pressure,
the housing space is set to a vacuum pressure, and
a ratio of a volume of the airtight chamber with respect to a volume of the housing space is set to 1.0×10?7 or higher.

US Pat. No. 10,393,522

SENSOR WITH LOW POWER WITH CLOSED-LOOP-FORCE-FEEDBACK LOOP

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. A device comprising:a proof mass associated with a sensor configured to move from a first position to a second position in response to application of an actuation, wherein the sensor comprises a drive circuitry comprising:
an amplifier configured to amplify a drive signal;
an analog to digital convertor configured to convert the amplified drive signal from analog signal to digital signal; and
a feedback loop receiving signal from the analog to digital convertor, wherein the feedback loop comprises a digital to analog convertor;
capacitive elements configured to change capacitive charge stored thereon in response to the proof mass moving from the first position to the second position;
an electrode circuitry coupled to the capacitive elements configured to generate a charge signal thereof;
a time multiplexing circuitry coupled to the electrode circuitry configured to pass the charge signal during a sensing time period, in response to a control signal, and wherein the time multiplexing circuitry is further configured to prevent the passing of the charge signal during a forcing time period, responsive to the control signal;
a sense component configured to receive the charge signal from the time multiplexing circuitry during the sensing time period and to generate a sensed signal; and
a force feedback circuitry configured to apply a charge associated with the sensed signal to the electrode circuitry during the forcing time period, wherein the application of the charge to the electrode circuitry is responsive to the control signal,
wherein the electrode circuitry applies the charge received from the force feedback circuitry to the capacitive elements to move the proof mass from the second position to another position.

US Pat. No. 10,393,521

LASER LINE GENERATING DEVICE

1. A laser beam generating device, comprising:a housing;
a laser light generator disposed in the housing and operable to generate a first output beam and a second output beam, the first output beam and the second output beam projecting outside of the housing;
wherein the laser light generator is configured to operate in a first mode in which the first output beam is projected outside of the housing and the second output beam is not projected outside of the housing;
wherein the laser light generator is configured to operate in a second mode in which the first output beam and the second output beam are both projected outside of the housing;
wherein, in the first mode, the first output beam is operated at a first duty cycle and in the second mode the first output beam is operated at a second duty cycle, different than the first duty cycle; and
wherein in the second mode, the first beam output and the second beam output have staggered duty cycles whereby when a pulse of the first beam is high a pulse of the second beam is low and whereby when the pulse of the first beam is low, the pulse of the second beam is high.

US Pat. No. 10,393,516

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY AND METHOD FOR MEASURING ANGLE OF THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A flexible display, comprising:a plurality of sensor units disposed in different regions of the flexible display and including at least one sensor; and
an angle-measuring unit configured to receive sensing signals outputted from the plurality of sensor units and measuring a folding angle between the different regions of the flexible display in response to the sensing signals.

US Pat. No. 10,393,515

THREE-DIMENSIONAL SCANNER AND MEASUREMENT ASSISTANCE PROCESSING METHOD FOR SAME

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A three-dimensional scanner, comprising:a depth sensor capable of acquiring measurement data on a distance to a measurement target as a set of points in a three-dimensional space; and
a scanner main body configured to:
extract features from a plurality of pieces of measurement data acquired by the depth sensor; and
create a three-dimensional map by superimposing the extracted features on one another,
wherein the scanner main body is configured to:
calculate a position and direction of the depth sensor;
determine a movement candidate, which is a candidate for a position and direction to/in which the depth sensor is to be moved next;
acquire a feature within the movement candidate, which is the feature observable by the depth sensor from the movement candidate;
evaluate stability of mapping performed from the movement candidate through use of the feature within the movement candidate; and
present at least any one of a moving direction or moving speed of the depth sensor to a user based on an evaluation result.

US Pat. No. 10,393,514

TOPOGRAPHY MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A topography measurement system comprising:a radiation source configured to generate a measurement radiation beam;
a polarizer and a grating configured to receive the measurement radiation beam and provide a polarized measurement radiation beam patterned by the grating;
optics configured to form an image of the grating at a target location on a substrate, the grating image comprising a first part having a first polarization and a second part having a second different polarization;
detection optics configured to receive radiation reflected from the target location of the substrate and form an image of the grating image at a second grating;
a detector configured to receive radiation transmitted through the second grating and produce a first output signal indicative of the intensity of the transmitted radiation for the first part of the grating image and produce a second output signal indicative of the intensity of the transmitted radiation for the second part of the grating image; and
a processor configured to analyse the output signals and determine the topography of the substrate from the independent output signals.

US Pat. No. 10,393,512

AUTOMATED 3-D MODELING OF SHOE PARTS

NIKE, Inc., Beaverton, O...

1. A method for analyzing scans of a shoe part to generate dimension data, which is useable to model three-dimensional (3-D) features of the shoe part, the method comprising:modifying a setting of a camera and/or a laser based on a color of the shoe part;
projecting a laser beam from the laser onto a shoe-part surface of the shoe part, which is comprised of a surface topography, such that a projected laser line extends across at least a portion of the shoe-part surface;
recording a first image of the projected laser line using the camera, wherein the first image comprises a first representation of the projected laser line;
recording a second image of the projected laser line using the camera, wherein the second image comprises a second representation of the projected laser line;
determining a first set of coordinate points that define the first representation of the projected laser line from the first image;
determining a second set of coordinate points that define the second representation of the projected laser line from the second image;
combining the first and second sets of coordinate points to generate a combined set of coordinate points that represent at least a portion of the surface topography;
converting the combined set of coordinate points into a set of geometric coordinate points that represents a 3-D model of the at least a portion of the surface topography; and
generating a tool path for a manufacturing process to be applied to the shoe-part surface, the tool path generated based at least in part on the 3-D model.

US Pat. No. 10,393,511

MEASURING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR SUBSTRATE WARPING AMOUNT

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A measuring device for a substrate warping amount, for measuring the substrate warping amount of a display motherboard, wherein the measuring device comprisesa light source configured to emit a monochromatic light to a region to be measured of the display motherboard and form a Newton ring interference pattern at a substrate warping position of the region to be measured;
a measuring eyepiece configured to acquire the Newton ring interference pattern and measure a diameter and a corresponding order number of each interference fringe in the Newton ring interference pattern; and
a processor connected to the measuring eyepiece and configured to obtain a thickness of an air layer at each interference fringe according to the diameter and the corresponding order number of each interference fringe and a wavelength of the monochromatic light, to obtain a warping amount of the region to be measured of the display motherboard,
wherein the region to be measured of the display motherboard comprises: a second substrate which is flat and a first substrate having a curved surface recessed toward the second substrate, and
wherein the processor is configured to:
obtain the thickness of the air layer at each interference fringe using Equation 1 according to the diameter and the corresponding order number of each interference fringe and the wavelength of the monochromatic light:

wherein n and m represent the order number of interference fringe and n>m, dn is a thickness of the air layer at the nth order interference fringe, Dn is a diameter of the nth order interference fringe, Dm is a diameter of the mth order interference fringe, and ? is the wavelength of the monochromatic light.

US Pat. No. 10,393,509

PATTERN HEIGHT MEASUREMENT DEVICE AND CHARGED PARTICLE BEAM DEVICE

Hitachi High-Technologies...

1. A pattern height measurement device comprising:a scanning electron microscope configured to irradiate a sample arranged on a sample stage with a charged particle beam;
an optical microscope configured to irradiate the sample with light;
a moving mechanism configured to move the sample stage between the scanning electron microscope and the optical microscope;
an optical device that detects reflected light produced when the sample is irradiated with the light; and
a calculation device that calculates a dimension of the sample in a height direction, on the basis of first reflected light information acquired by dispersing the reflected light produced when the sample is irradiated with the light,
wherein the calculation device calculates second reflected light information on the basis of a formula for a relationship between a value for dimension of a pattern formed on the sample in a surface direction of the sample, which is obtained by irradiating the sample with the charged particle beam, a value for the dimension of the sample in the height direction, and reflected light information, compares the second reflected light intensity and the first reflected light information, and outputs, as the dimension of the pattern in the height direction, a value for the dimension of the sample in the height direction in the second reflected light information, which is obtained when the first reflected light information and the second reflected light information satisfy a predetermined condition; and
wherein the calculation device calculates R as the second reflected light information on the basis of the following computing equations:
N1/2=fNa1/2+(1?f)Nb1/2
r1=(N0?N1)/(N0+N1)
r2=(N1?N2)/(N1+N2)
2?=4?/?·d·cos ?
R=(r1+r2·e?i2?)/(1+r1·r2·e?i2?)
N, N1: refractive index of light of layer on which pattern is formed
N0, Nb: refractive index of light of vacuum
Na: refractive index of light of material of layer on which pattern is formed
N2: refractive index of light of region below pattern
W: pattern width
P: pattern pitch
2?: phase difference
X: wavelength of light
d: pattern height
?: incident angle of light
R: reflected light information.

US Pat. No. 10,393,508

HANDHELD DIMENSIONING SYSTEM WITH MEASUREMENT-CONFORMANCE FEEDBACK

Hand Held Products, Inc.,...

1. A method for generating a confidence level for a dimension measurement, comprising:capturing, using an image sensor, an image of an object in a field of view;
calculating, using the captured image, at least one first dimension of the object from a first edge of the object to a second edge of the object;
calculating, using the captured image, at least one second dimension of the object from one pixel on a first side of the first edge of the object to the second edge;
calculating a difference between the at least one first dimension and the at least one second dimension; and
generating the confidence level based on the difference in the at least one first dimension and the at least one second dimension of the object.

US Pat. No. 10,393,506

METHOD FOR A MOBILE DIMENSIONING DEVICE TO USE A DYNAMIC ACCURACY COMPATIBLE WITH NIST STANDARD

HAND HELD PRODUCTS, INC.,...

1. A device, comprising:a display;
non-volatile storage;
one or more sensors;
an input subsystem;
one or more processors;
and memory containing instructions executable by the one or more processors whereby the device is operable to:
display, on the display, an object to be measured by the one more sensors;
derive one or more accuracy parameters based on information received from the one or more sensors for a measurement environment of the object being measured;
compute an accuracy level based on the one or more accuracy parameters;
determine if the accuracy level corresponds to a sufficient measurement environment;
if the accuracy level corresponds to the sufficient measurement environment: display, on the display along with the object, an indication that the measurement environment is sufficient and a capture icon to enable capture of dimensions of the object;
in response to an input received at the capture icon, capture the dimensions of the object;
display, on the display along with the object, at least the dimensions of the object; and
record the dimensions of the object.

US Pat. No. 10,393,504

OPTICAL COORDINATE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

The Boeing Company, Chic...

12. A process for joining a pair of aircraft components together, the aircraft components having build variations that require splices for accurate system integration of the aircraft components; the process including:manufacturing the aircraft components to include integral three dimensional optical reticle image arrays on predetermined surfaces of the aircraft components, such that those surfaces of the aircraft components are captured by a three dimensional scanned composite measurement associated with a plurality of poses, each pose comprising an orthogonal pair of grid lines;
applying an optical coordinate measuring system (OCMS) so that each individual pose comprises a single field of view, and the plurality of poses are then collated to form composite measurements that extend out-of-range of any single pose.

US Pat. No. 10,393,500

INTERFERENCE OBSERVATION DEVICE AND INTERFERENCE OBSERVATION METHOD

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. An interference observation apparatus, comprising:a light source configured to output incoherent light;
an interference optical system configured to split the light output from the light source into first split light and second split light, reflect or transmit the first split light by an observation object, and combine the first split light and the second split light to output combined light;
a light receiving unit configured to receive the combined light and output a detection signal;
an image acquisition unit configured to acquire an interference image on the basis of the detection signal; and
a controller configured to obtain an interference intensity of the combined light on the basis of the detection signal, and adjust the interference optical system to increase the interference intensity, wherein
the light receiving unit includes an image sensor configured to capture an image of the combined light and output a first detection signal, and a photodetector configured to receive the combined light and output a second detection signal,
the image acquisition unit is configured to acquire the interference image on the basis of the first detection signal,
the controller is configured to obtain the interference intensity on the basis of the second detection signal,
the controller is configured to adjust an optical path difference between the first split light and the second split light from the splitting to the combining in the interference optical system to increase the interference intensity,
the controller is configured to obtain a phase difference in accordance with the optical path difference in the interference optical system on the basis of the second detection signal, and repeatedly perform an ON period in which the optical path difference in the interference optical system is kept constant on the basis of the phase difference and an OFF period in which the optical path difference in the interference optical system is not kept constant so that the interference optical system is adjusted while intermittently performing the ON periods, and
the image sensor is set such that a period of capturing the image of the combined light is included in the ON period.

US Pat. No. 10,393,499

ANGLE DETERMINATING METHOD USING ENCODER SIGNAL WITH NOISE SUPPRESSION, ADJUSTING METHOD FOR OUTPUT SIGNAL OF ENCODER AND ABSOLUTE ENCODER

FASTECH CO., LTD., Buche...

1. A method of determining an angle by an encoder, the method comprising:generating a first angle data based on a rotation of a bipolar magnet and a second angle data based on a rotation of the multipolar magnet;
determining a first waveform signal based on the first angle data and a second waveform signal based on the second angle data;
converting the first waveform signal into a third waveform signal having a cycle similar to the second waveform signal;
calculating an angle result value as a fuction of the second angle data and a determined value about a location of a rotation cycle of the multipolar magnet based on a difference between the second waveform signal and the third waveform signal; and
determining an absolute angle corresponding to the calculated angle result value based on stored angle data.

US Pat. No. 10,393,496

CLAMP-TYPE MEASURING DEVICE AND MEASURING METHOD

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A clamp-type measuring device, adapted to clamp and measure a workpiece, comprising:a clamp, further comprising:
a guiding rail; and
two holding arms, each of them further comprising a guide part, a connecting part and a clamping part; both ends of the connecting part are connected respectively to the guide part and the clamping part where the guide part is movably furnished at the guiding rail; and the two clamping parts are used to clamp the workpiece; and
an interval measuring module, further comprising:
a first measuring element furnished at one of the connecting parts; and
a second measuring element furnished at the other connecting part;
wherein, the first measuring element and the second measuring element are slidable with respect to the guiding rail through the two guide parts respectively, such that the first measuring element and the second measuring element are movably closing to or away from each other in order to measure an interval between the two clamping parts according to an interval between the first measuring element and the second measuring element.

US Pat. No. 10,393,495

MEASURING PROBE

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. A measuring probe comprising:a stylus having a contact part to be brought into contact with an object to be measured;
a probe housing capable of supporting the stylus on an axial center;
a detector capable of detecting a movement of the contact part;
a plurality of supports disposed at different positions in an axial direction of the probe housing, the supports allowing for an attitude change of the stylus; and
a coupling shaft configured to couple the plurality of supports together, wherein
the detector is disposed in, among the plurality of supports, a support that is farthest away from a rotational center position of rotation generated in the stylus when a measuring force is applied to the contact part from a direction perpendicular to the axial direction, to detect a strain amount of the support.

US Pat. No. 10,393,494

STRAIGHTNESS CHECKING METHOD

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A straightness checking method for checking straightness between linear members, by disposing a plurality of components respectively having the linear members so that the linear members are disposed mutually linearly, the straightness checking method comprising the steps of:standing a pin at each of both edge portions of the linear members of the plurality of linearly-disposed components to be checked as to straightness, and also standing a cut-out pin at an intermediate portion between the both edge portions, the cut-out pin being formed to have a cut-out on a part of a side face;
fixing one end portion and the other end portion of a line member respectively to the pins stood at the both edge portions;
bringing into contact with the intermediate portion of the line member an uncut side face part corresponding to a side face with no cut-out formed of the cut-out pin; and
rotating the cut-out pin and checking whether or not the line member vibrates due to rotation of the cut-out pin.

US Pat. No. 10,393,493

WATERPROOF LEVER-TYPE INDICATOR

1. A waterproof lever-type indicator, comprising: a housing (1), a probe (2), a dial plate (3), a mounting shaft (4), a transmission mechanism (5) and a pointer (11), the probe (2) and the dial plate (3) being positioned at both ends of the housing (1), respectively, and the transmission mechanism (5) being positioned inside the housing (1) to connect the probe (2) and the pointer (11), the pointer (11) being on the dial plate (3), wherein, the end portion of the housing (1) is provided as an enclosed structure, the output end of the transmission mechanism (5) is in transmission connection with the pointer (11) on the dial plate (3), the housing (1) is provided with a through-hole, one end of the mounting shaft (4) extends into the housing (1) via the through-hole and is in transmission connection with the input end of the transmission mechanism (5), the other end of the mounting shaft (4) extends beyond the housing (1) and is in fixed connection with the probe (2), the probe (2) drives the pointer (11) to deflect via the mounting shaft (4) and the transmission mechanism (5), and the mounting shaft (4) is sleeved with a first sealing ring (6) for sealing the through-hole.

US Pat. No. 10,393,492

DIGITAL WIRELESS FEELER GAUGE

General Electric Company,...

1. A feeler gauge comprising:a plurality of feeler blades, wherein each feeler blade of the plurality of feeler blades rotates about an axis between a measuring position and a non-measuring position, and each of the plurality of feeler blades comprises:
a measurement portion configured to be inserted into a gap to be measured; and
a proximal end having an indication of thickness of the respective feeler blade of the plurality of feeler blades thereon, wherein the indication of thickness comprises an obstruction configured to block light, and the indication of thickness comprises a plurality of holes arranged in a grid of possible hole locations, and the obstruction corresponds to a location where no hole exists for a possible hole location; and
an optical sensor that optically determines one or more feeler blades of the plurality of feeler blades that are deployed in the measuring position from the respective indications of thickness of each of the one or more feeler blades.

US Pat. No. 10,393,489

EXPLOSIVE INITIATION SAFETY AND HANDLING METHOD FOR EXPLOSIVE ORDNANCE DISPOSAL ROBOTS

United States of America ...

1. A method comprising the steps of:providing an Explosive Initiation Safety and Handling System (EISS) operatively coupled to a robot wherein the EISS comprises a spool base frame coupled to a shock tube spooling mechanism, wherein the shock tube spooling mechanism has a shock tube spool disposed thereon, an initiator, an interrupter, control electronics, and proximity sensors;
operatively coupling a charge carrier table and a manipulator to the robot;
securing a charge to the charge carrier table;
installing the shock tube spool on the shock tube spooling mechanism and locking with an indexing nut;
inserting the shock tube that has been uncoiled from the spooling mechanism into the interrupter and replacing a cap;
attaching the shock tube to the charge;
making an initiator-to-interrupter connection with the shock tube;
retracting the manipulator on the robot to a fully stowed position and rotating the charge carrier in front of the robot;
picking up the charge with the manipulator, extending the manipulator forward and placing the charge at a threat;
stowing the charge carrier table;
positioning the robot at a distance from the threat, allowing the shock tube to spool out;
remotely activating a first firing circuit on the robot to arm the EISS;
cutting the shock tube inside the interrupter and aligning the shock tube with the initiator;
and firing a second circuit to initiate the shock tube.

US Pat. No. 10,393,488

CARTRIDGE RELOADING DIE ADJUSTMENT DEVICES AND METHODS

1. Adjustment apparatus for ammunition cartridge reloading, comprising:a lock ring assembly including an outer portion and an inner portion, and wherein the inner portion has internal threads that match and engage with external threads of a threaded die body having a longitudinal axis;
a structure that generates audible or tactile clicks as the outer portion of the lock ring assembly is turned, such that with each of the audible or tactile clicks, the outer portion of the lock ring advances by a precise, predetermined amount axially on the die body; and
a lock ring fastener that secures the lock ring assembly in position on the die body once the desired adjustment is achieved.

US Pat. No. 10,393,487

LEAD-FREE PARTIAL FRAGMENTATION BULLET WITH SEPARATION MECHANISM BETWEEN THE REAR OF THE BULLET AND BULLET OGIVE

1. A lead-free partial fragmentation bullet consisting of a bullet jacket having a peripheral tear-away edge, a rear core pressed into the bullet jacket and a pressed nose core in an ogive region, the nose core sitting on the rear core, a predetermined breaking surface disposed between the rear core and the nose core, the rear core having a recess at an end facing the nose core, the nose core filling the recess of the rear core facing the nose core, and the bullet jacket having the peripheral tear-away edge on an outside circumference thereof in a region of the predetermined breaking surface, a peripheral holding groove for holding the bullet jacket and the rear core together until mushrooming begins which is in the bullet jacket below the peripheral break-away edge, and the peripheral tear-away edge is located beneath a beginning of and above an end of the predetermined breaking surface as viewed in an axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,393,486

BIODEGRADABLE SHOTGUN GAS SEALING WAD

1. A shotgun shell comprising:a shotgun hull having a boundary defining an enclosed space;
shot, powder, and a biodegradable wad confined within said enclosed space;
wherein said biodegradable wad separates said shot from said powder and provides a gas sealing function; and
wherein said biodegradable wad comprises at least 50% by weight of a polybutylene succinate adipate polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,393,484

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ALIGNING ARROW NOCKS

1. An arrow nock comprising:an attachment surface that is configured to attach the nock to an associated arrow;
a top portion comprising: (1) an axial centerline; and (2) first, second and third string guide impressions;
wherein:
(A) radial is defined as a direction that: (1) extends away from the axial centerline; and (2) is perpendicular to the axial centerline;
(B) the arrow nock has a circumference including a maximum radially extended surface;
(C) each string guide impression: (1) is designed to receive a portion of an associated bowstring to fire the associated arrow; and (2) is defined by two circumferentially spaced walls separated by a floor; and
(D) each wall: (1) extends axially to a peak; (2) has first and second circumferentially spaced sides that are curvilinear in shape; and (3) has at least one point that lies on the maximum radially extended surface of the circumference.

US Pat. No. 10,393,483

COMBINED FIREWORKS WITH LAUNCHING PITS AND MULTI-CHANNEL FIREPROOF STRUCTURES

1. A combined fireworks with launching pits and multi-channel fireproof structures, comprising:a body formed by mold pressing, and
several tubular cavities uniformly arranged on the body with upper ports thereof being open and lower ports thereof being closed,
wherein inner cylinders of fireworks and propellants are arranged inside the tubular cavities,
wherein a bottom of each tubular cavity is provided with a launching pit for improving a launch effect, and the propellants are placed in the launching pits, and
wherein the bottom of each tubular cavity is also provided with an annular groove for facilitating the placement of the inner cylinders of fireworks, such that bottom edges of the inner cylinders of fireworks are located within the annular grooves, and each annular groove is spaced from and surrounds a periphery of the corresponding launching pit at the bottom of each tubular cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,393,482

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ALTERING A BURN RATE OF A PROPELLANT

BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPAN...

1. A system for use in a wellbore, comprising:a tool; and
a fuel source associated with the tool, the fuel source comprising:
a fuel source body defining a volume;
at least one propellant insert disposed within the volume to create a plurality of divided volumes; and
a propellant disposed within the divided volumes, the propellant having a first burn rate and the propellant insert having a second burn rate different than the first burn rate, wherein as the propellant in a single divided volume is burned, the propellant insert is then burned to expose the propellant in the next divided volume.

US Pat. No. 10,393,481

MODULAR RAIL SYSTEM AND FIREARM WITH MODULAR RAIL SYSTEM

1. A method for providing a modular rail system for an upper receiver of a weapon, comprising:slidably inserting a plurality modular rails within channels located on top of an exterior surface of the upper receiver in a first direction;
sliding the plurality modular rails within an elongated channel intersecting the channels in a second direction; and
securing each one of the plurality of modular rails to the elongated channel via a pair of securement features located on each one of the plurality of modular rails, wherein at least two of the plurality of modular rails are secured to the elongated channel such that a gap is located between the at least two of the plurality of modular rails.

US Pat. No. 10,393,479

HOLSTER MOUNTING SYSTEM

1. A mounting system for a holster comprising:an elongated clip having a major portion having a pair of opposed side edges, a first end configured to mount to a side of the holster and being offset and depending from the major portion, a second end opposite the first end and depending from the major portion, and a cutout on a respective side edge of the pair of opposed side edges, wherein the clip being configured to spring to allow the second end and the major portion to lift and slip over a belt to secure the belt under the major portion; and
a bracket having a flat base having a width and a length and a pair of opposed edge members, each of the edge members including:
a forwardly extending member perpendicular to a front side of the flat base, and
a return segment parallel to a portion of the base and depending perpendicularly from an end of the forwardly extending member, and
wherein the portion of the base, the forwardly extending member and the return segment form a slot such that slots of the pair of opposed edge members slideably receive, through a first end of the pair of opposed edge members, the opposed edges of the major portion of the clip which remains attached to the holster and being unclipped from the belt, and
wherein the forwardly extending member of one of the edge members includes a spring action restraint, the spring action restraint having a catch protruding within the slot of said one of the edge members at a location to engage the cutout to secure the clip in the bracket and to inhibit accidental release of the holster.

US Pat. No. 10,393,476

THIRD ARM WEAPON INTERFACE SYSTEM

The United States of Amer...

1. A wearable weapon stabilization apparatus system especially designed for soldiers, hunters and shooters to use while moving and with single hand operation capable of providing a lightweight stable weapons platform that has minimized operator fatigue and increases accuracy by redirecting the weapons weight from the operators arms to the operators torso that comprises;a body armor vest attachment means disposed between a body armor vest and a flexible hinge support assembly means that is in communication with said hinge assembly means, said vest attachment means also being in communication with a body armor vest,
a flexible hinge support assembly having at least one hinge means and being disposed between said vest attachment means and a four bar linkage assembly wherein said hinge means provides a flexible linkage and maintains an attitude while allowing flexure of said hinge means within the plane of said hinge means,
a four bar linkage assembly disposed between said flexible hinge support means and said weapon and provides vertical movement support and flexibility having a consistent force means required to change the position of the weapon in the vertical movement plane, and
an implement attachment means that is disposed between the weapon and the four bar linkage, said implement attachment means configured to affix an implement and allow movement in a plurality of directions while being rotatably affixed to said four bar linkage.

US Pat. No. 10,393,473

COMPACT IMPROVED BUG KILLING GUN

1. A compact improved bug killing gun, comprising:a compressed gas source,
a chamber, said chamber fluidly connected to said compressed gas source;
a barrel, said barrel disposed at a distal end of said chamber;
a compressed gas release mechanism, said release mechanism connected to said compressed gas source;
a projectile storage magazine, said magazine storing particulate projectiles and being disposed adjacent said chamber;
said projectile storage magazine comprising:
a cylindrical chamber, said cylindrical chamber having first side and second side projectile loading slots, said loading slots extending from an upper edge of said cylindrical chamber to a base of said cylindrical chamber, said chamber having a circular opening at a lower end;
said lower end fitted sealably to an upper end of a vertical circular opening through said chamber;
a rectangular projectile feeding tray, said feeding tray surrounding said cylindrical chamber and providing additional space for particulate projectiles outside of said cylindrical chamber;
a hingedly attached sealing lid, said sealing lid having first and second semi-circular ridges on an underside of said lid, said ridges designed to surround upper edges of said cylindrical chamber adjacent said first side and second side projectile loading slots;
said sealing lid having a peripheral channel on said underside, said peripheral channel being sized, shaped and disposed to seal said rectangular projectile feeding tray when said sealing lid is moved to a closed position; and
a lid latching mechanism, said lid latching mechanism disposed opposite a hinge for said sealing lid;
a projectile loading mechanism, said loading mechanism moving said particulate projectiles into said chamber from said magazine;
a cocking mechanism mechanically connecting said compressed gas source, said compressed gas release mechanism, and said projectile loading mechanism;
an automatic cocking status indicator, said cocking status indicator moves to a raised, visible position after cocking of said gun and moves to a lowered, hidden position after discharge of the gun;
an external, manual safety mechanism, said manual safety mechanism being movable from a safe position to a firing position by a user while maintaining a grip on said gun;
a stock, said stock housing and supporting said compressed gas source, said compressed gas release mechanism, said barrel, said chamber, said projectile storage magazine, said cocking mechanism and said projectile loading mechanism;
wherein, when said gun is cocked by said cocking mechanism, said projectile loading mechanism gathers a predetermined quantity of said particulate projectiles and positions said projectiles in said chamber; and when said compressed gas release mechanism is activated said projectiles are ejected from said chamber into said barrel and expelled from said gun.

US Pat. No. 10,393,472

SHOOTING DEVICE OF TOY GUN

1. A shooting device (1) of a toy gun, used to shoot bullets (2), comprising:a gun body (10) having an air cylinder (11), a chamber base (12) connecting to the air cylinder (11), a barrel (13) connecting to the chamber base (12), and a magazine (14) receiving the bullets (2), wherein the air cylinder (11) has a receiving chamber (110) to accommodate an air bottle (3), wherein the chamber base (12) has an air chamber (120) communicating with the receiving chamber (110), wherein the barrel (13) has a bullet passage (130) communicating with the air chamber (120) and allowing the bullets (2) to advance, wherein the magazine (14) communicates with the bullet passage (130) and is disposed at a side of the barrel (13);
a triggering structure (20) disposed in the gun body (10) and having a slide assembly (21) driven by the air, a latch (22), and a trigger linkage (23), wherein the slide assembly (21) which is disposed movably between the air chamber (120) and the bullet passage (130) can push the bullets (2) into the bullet passage (130), wherein the latch (22) which is disposed at a side of the slide assembly (21) can latch the slide assembly (21), wherein the trigger linkage (23) which is disposed at a side of the magazine (14) can load the bullets (2) sequentially into the barrel (13); and
a trigger (30) pivoted on the gun body (10) and disposed between the latch (22) and the trigger linkage (23), wherein the trigger (30) pushes against the trigger linkage (23) by an external force to move the next bullet (2) back to the magazine (14) and seal the magazine (14), wherein the trigger (30) pushes against the latch (22) to release the slide assembly (21).

US Pat. No. 10,393,466

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FIREARM STABILIZING TRAINING

1. A device for stabilizing a firearm or practice weapon while a user practices firing the firearm or practice weapon, the device comprising:a movement sensor configured to detect a movement of the device;
a sensitivity adjuster operably coupled to the movement sensor and adjustable to allow a user to adjust a sensitivity level of the movement sensor;
a feedback device operably coupled to the movement sensor and configured to emit an audio or a visual feedback to the user responsive to the movement while the movement is detected, wherein the feedback device is activated when the movement exceeds a threshold level determined by the sensitivity level and deactivated when the movement falls below the threshold, and wherein the audio or visual feedback comprises a feedback characteristic that corresponds to a pattern of the movement;
a feedback adjuster operably coupled to the feedback device and adjustable to allow the user to adjust the feedback characteristic;
a level sensor operably coupled to the movement sensor to deactivate the movement sensor when an angle of the device is outside a predetermined incline angle range; and
a power source electrically coupled to the movement sensor and the feedback device.

US Pat. No. 10,393,464

GUN WITH REMOVABLE BARREL

1. A gun with removable barrel, comprising a system housing and a barrel, the barrel having a mounting rail connected to the barrel and extending in the direction of the longitudinal barrel axis, which mounting rail is suitable for mounting an optical sight,wherein the system housing has a receptacle by means of which the barrel is connected to the system housing,
wherein the receptacle is at least partially tubular in the direction of the longitudinal barrel axis and the corresponding inner tube diameter is adapted to the outer circumference of the barrel, so that the barrel can be introduced into the receptacle in the direction of the longitudinal barrel axis when the barrel is mounted on the system housing and can be moved out of the receptacle in the direction of the longitudinal barrel axis when the barrel is disassembled, and wherein the receptacle has a recess which extends in the direction of the longitudinal barrel axis so that the receptacle describes an open annular shape in cross-section perpendicular to the longitudinal barrel axis and in the region of the recess,
wherein the barrel is axially fixed with respect to the longitudinal barrel axis by at least one connecting element and rotatably fixed at least in that the mounting rail extends in its longitudinal direction at least partially within the recess of the receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,393,462

FIREARM BARRELS WITH INTEGRATED SOUND SUPPRESSORS

1. A firearm barrel assembly comprising:an elongated barrel defining a bore having a bore axis;
the barrel having a breech end adapted for connection to a firearm frame;
the barrel having a muzzle end having a muzzle mounting facility;
a sleeve defining a sleeve bore and having a rear end adapted for connection to the breech end, the sleeve having a forward end opposite the rear end;
a suppressor tube element having a rear end having a rear mounting facility adapted to mate with the muzzle mounting facility of the barrel, the suppressor tube element having an open forward end and defining a tube chamber;
a baffle element separate from and removably received in the tube chamber and having a width less than a width of the open forward end of the tube element;
the baffle element having a cylindrical exterior and the suppressor tube element having a cylindrical interior configured to closely receive the baffle element exterior;
the suppressor tube element having a cylindrical exterior and the sleeve having a cylindrical interior configured to closely receive the suppressor tube element exterior;
the suppressor tube element having a forward end having a forward attachment facility adapted for contacting the forward end of the sleeve;wherein the barrel has an intermediate portion spaced apart from the sleeve to define an expansion chamber aft of the suppressor tube element; andwherein the suppressor tube element defines a central aperture adapted to receive the barrel muzzle, and defines a vent aperture communicating between the tube chamber and the expansion chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,393,460

SEAR MECHANISM FOR A FIREARM

WHG Properties, LLC, Nor...

1. A trigger element of a sear mechanism for a firearm, comprising:a sidewall,
a sear processing aperture formed on the sidewall, and
a trigger sear having at least one sear contact surface configured to contact a hammer sear of the trigger element;
wherein the at least one sear contact surface extends from both the sidewall and a perimeter of the sear processing aperture in a direction generally parallel to an axis of rotation of the trigger sear, and
wherein the trigger sear and the sidewall form at least part of a single unitary piece.

US Pat. No. 10,393,458

AXIALLY RELIEVED BOLT FACE FOR BLOWBACK BOLT FIREARMS

Quarter Circle 10, LLC, ...

1. In a firearm having a bolt reciprocatingly sliding axially along a bolt axis, said bolt temporarily engaging an ammunition cartridge at a distal bolt end during a firing cycle, wherein said ammunition cartridge includes a cylindrical case portion having a proximal circular rim, an improvement which comprises:a distal bolt face which comprises:
a distal impact surface;
a substantially circular counterbore seat radially adjacent to said distal impact surface;
a distally projecting arcuate guidewall partially surrounding an upper portion of said seat;
said guidewall being angularly limited to provide a lower angular gap; and
an axially relieved lip located within said gap;
wherein said lip comprises a distally projecting pedestal radially adjacent to said seat; and
wherein said substantially circular counterbore seat and said pedestal simultaneously contact said proximal circular rim during a mid-point of the stripping and chambering stages of said firing cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,393,456

MULTI-COCKING HANDLE CHARGER FOR FIREARMS

5. A multi-cocking handle charger for actuating a primary charging handle and a bolt of a firearm, comprising:an alternative bolt actuator for actuating the primary charging handle and the bolt, having an auxiliary charging handle adapted to transfer force to the primary charging handle, a mounting platform configured to guide and support the auxiliary charging handle and mountable to a desired location of the firearm,
the mounting platform having an alternative bolt actuator bracket having a longitudinal axis, wherein the bracket has a first side having a slot along the longitudinal axis configured to attach the alternative bolt actuator bracket to a firearm mount and a second side having a profile along the longitudinal axis defining an accessory mount configured to support accessories, the accessory mount having an alternative bolt actuator and auxiliary charging handle operating slot along the longitudinal axis,
wherein the auxiliary charging handle is arranged such that when the auxiliary charging handle is pulled to a rearward position, the alternative bolt actuator moves the primary charging handle to a rearward open position, and upon release of the auxiliary charging handle, a firearm recoil spring within the firearm decompresses to force the auxiliary charging handle and primary charging handle forward,
and wherein said primary charging handle may be moved independently of the auxiliary charging handle.

US Pat. No. 10,393,455

METHOD OF CLEANING A HEAT EXCHANGER

INEOS EUROPE AG, Vaud (C...

1. A method for treatment of a heat exchanger which in operation is used to cool process water which has been in contact with polymer particles, which method comprises passing to the process side of the heat exchanger a treatment stream whilst the heat exchanger is at an elevated temperature compared to the temperature when the heat exchanger is in operation, the treatment stream also being an aqueous stream, and wherein the polymer particles are selected from polyethylene and polypropylene particles and further wherein the polymer particles with which the process water has been in contact comprise additives which have been added prior to or during pelletising, which are insoluble in the process water and have a melting point of 45° C. to 110° C.

US Pat. No. 10,393,454

VALVE SYSTEM

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A valve system comprising:a plurality of motors formed from a printed circuit board; and
a plurality of valves actuated by the plurality of motors, wherein the plurality of motors is a plurality of hollow piezoelectric motors.

US Pat. No. 10,393,452

HEAT EXCHANGER

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A heat exchanger, comprising:a fin having a plate shape and including a first region where cutout portions are formed with intervals in a longitudinal direction, which is a gravity direction, and a second region where cutout portions are not formed in the longitudinal direction; and
flat tubes attached to the cutout portions and intersecting the fin, wherein
the fin has a first edge and a second edge, the second edge is opposite to the first edge, and the second edge is included in the second region,
the fin has protruding portions, which protrude from a planar portion of the fin,
each of the protruding portions has a first end and a second end, and each protruding portion has a shape in which the first end is located in the first region and the second end is located in the second region,
the first end is located above the second end, and the second end is located below the first end, and between the first end and the second end, the protruding portion slopes in a gravitationally downward direction from the first end toward the second end such that condensation water is directed by each protruding portion from the first end to the second end and from the first region to the second region,
in each protruding portion, the second end is spaced from the second edge of the fin, and
the second region is planar except for the protruding portions so that the condensation water, which falls from the second end, drains along the second region without being redirected to the first region.

US Pat. No. 10,393,451

STAMPED THERMAL EXPANSION RELIEF FEATURE FOR HEAT EXCHANGERS

DENSO International Ameri...

5. A heat exchanger comprising:a core unit including a plurality of tubes and a plurality of fins stacked alternately with each other;
tanks arranged at the ends in a longitudinal direction of the tubes of the core unit and communicating with the plurality of the tubes; and
at least one side plate arranged at one end in a stacking direction of the tubes of the core unit and having the ends thereof coupled to the tanks;
wherein the side plate includes a base in contact with a top row of the plurality of stacked fins and two side walls extending perpendicular from the base portion in the stacking direction of the tubes;
wherein the base portion comprises at least one thermal expansion zone, comprising a single elongated polygonal aperture, perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the tubes extending a predetermined distance in both directions towards an interface between the base portion and each of the side walls;
wherein a pair of interface apertures, each discontinuous and separate from the polygonal aperture, are staggered in a latitudinal direction of the tubes on either side of the polygonal aperture, each interface aperture extending a predetermined distance up the side wall, terminating prior to a distal, top-side edge of the side wall defining a flexible portion, and each interface aperture further extending across the base portion a predetermined distance so as to each overlap in a longitudinal planar direction with the polygonal aperture in the base portion, but not with each other, and
wherein a flexible bridge is defined in the latitudinal direction of, and perpendicular to the tubes located between each interface aperture, and the polygonal aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,393,450

COLLECTOR PLATE FOR A HEAT EXCHANGER MANIFOLD

MAHLE INTERNATIONAL GMBH,...

7. A heat exchanger having a collector plate, wherein the collector plate comprises a wall having a plurality of passages, wherein each passage is configured to accommodate a tube end of one tube of a tube bundle, wherein a collar formed by the wall is arranged around each passage, wherein the collar is soldered or welded to the tube end, wherein the wall comprises a front side which faces the tube bundle and a rear side which faces a collecting vessel, wherein the collar comprises a long side and a short side, wherein the long side of the collar extends from a rectilinear base plane formed on the rear side of the wall towards the collecting vessel,wherein each tube in the tube bundle is a flat tube having a wide side and a narrow side, wherein a contact region of the tube is formed where the collar abuts the tube end, wherein a portion of the collar abutting the contact region of the tube on the narrow side of the tube is arranged between the tube and an end region, wherein the end region projects vertically obliquely upwards and outwards from the base plane on the rear side of the wall towards a collar end and intersects with the portion of the collar abutting the contact region on the narrow side of the tube such that a curved profile of the end region is defined between the base plane and the collar, wherein two parallel edges of the end region are defined by two parallel planar side walls which are orthogonal to the base plane, wherein the end region has a curved side between the two parallel edges, wherein the short side of the collar extends from the end region towards the collecting vessel, wherein said end region thereby also forms a simultaneous recess on the front side of the wall,
wherein the base plane extends across an entire length of the end region on two sides of the end region and is arranged below the end region,
wherein a recess is formed in the front side of the wall that is opposite of and complimentary to the end region on the rear side of the wall.

US Pat. No. 10,393,449

HEAT STORAGE MEMBER

NGK Insulators, Ltd., Na...

1. A heat storage member comprising:a substrate containing a SiC sintered body as a principal ingredient; and
a heat storage material configured to store and radiate heat by a reversible chemical reaction with a reaction medium, or
a heat storage material configured to store and radiate heat by physical adsorption to a reaction medium and physical desorption from a reaction medium;
wherein the substrate has a three-dimensional network structure including a skeleton having porosity of 1% or less, a void ratio of the three-dimensional network structure of the substrate is ranging from 30 to 95%, and the heat storage material is disposed at least in a part of a surface of a void in the three-dimensional network structure of the substrate, and
wherein the three-dimensional network structure has a metal Si core and a SiC surface layer.

US Pat. No. 10,393,446

CAPILLARY HEAT EXCHANGER

The United States of Amer...

1. A honeycomb device for heat exchange between first and second fluids at distinguishable temperatures, said device comprising:first and second fluid intakes for respectively receiving the first and second fluids;
first and second fluid exhausts for respectively discharging the first and second fluids;
first and second capillary arrays, each first and second capillary of said arrays being disposed in checkerboard cross-section adjacent arrangement;
a first plurality of transition channels that connects said first fluid intake to said first capillary array;
a second plurality of transition channels that connects said first capillary array to said first fluid exhaust;
a third plurality of transition channels that connects said second fluid intake to said second capillary array; and
a fourth plurality of transition channels that connects said second capillary array to said second fluid exhaust, wherein
each capillary of said arrays has a rhombus cross-section,
each transition channel of said pluralities has a rectangular cross-section, and
said transition channels twistingly connect to corresponding said arrays to accommodate said respective rectangular and rhombus cross-sections.

US Pat. No. 10,393,435

AGGREGATE DEWATERING DEVICE AND METHOD

Superior Industries, Inc....

1. A dewatering device for aggregate product, comprising:a vibrating screen for receiving aggregate product from a conveyor, the vibrating screen having an entrance disposed to receive aggregate product, said vibrating screen including a vibrating system to move said screen; and
a recycle system positioned at least partially below the vibrating screen to receive fine materials passed through the screen and to aid in directing the fine materials back to the entrance of the vibrating screen, wherein the recycle system comprises:
a reservoir member disposed to receive fine materials passed through the screen; and
a redirection apparatus comprising:
a first inlet, the first inlet disposed to receive fine materials from the reservoir member;
a second inlet, separate from the conveyor, the second inlet configured to receive a fluid from outside the reservoir member; and
an outlet at or near the conveyor, wherein the fine materials from the first inlet and the fluid from the second inlet are combined in the redirection apparatus and dispensed via the outlet at an upper portion of the conveyor.

US Pat. No. 10,393,434

LAUNDRY TRANSPORT CONTAINER APPARATUS AND METHOD

1. A laundry transport apparatus, comprising:a container having front and rear ends, sad container defining an opening at said front end and defining an interior area having an open configuration to selectively allow access to said interior area, said interior area having a length;
wherein said container includes a door at said container front end for selectively accessing said interior area, said door being movable between a closed configuration preventing access to said interior area and an open configuration giving access to said interior area;
a plurality of laundry carts removably positioned in said interior space, each laundry cart configured to hold laundry;
a ventilation network situated in said interior area and configured to pass air to and from said interior area, said ventilation network including:
an intake duct operatively coupled to a top wall of said transport apparatus and extending longitudinally between said front and rear ends, said intake duct configured to channel air to said interior area;
an outlet duct configured to channel air away from said interior area;
wherein said ventilation network is configured to cause air to pass through either or both said intake duct and said outlet duct;
at least one fan configured to cause air to pass through said intake duct and said outlet duct;
wherein said interior area is airtight apart from said ventilation network when said door is at said closed configuration;
wherein at least a portion of said intake and outlet ducts are immediately adjacent one another to influence temperature of air passing through one of said intake duct and said outlet duct, warmer air passing through one of said intake duct or said outlet duct becoming cooler and cooler air passing through another of said intake duct or said outlet duct becoming warmer;
wherein said intake and outlet ducts include a plurality of branches extending outwardly and downwardly, each branch having a terminal end defining an opening positioned immediately adjacent a top of a respective laundry cart so as to ventilate the laundry in said laundry cart;
a climate controller for selectively heating and cooling air passing through said intake duct after said air is influenced by air passing through said outlet duct to cause said air passing through said intake duct to approximate a temperature of air in said interior area separate from said ventilation network; and
a dehumidifier to selectively dehumidify air passing through said intake duct;
a processor operatively coupled to a container area to store and convey transport data, the transport data includes at least one of: time data, duration data, and temperature data, and temperature data;
a pathogen system
having a flow management system for directing an airflow and operatively coupled to a pathogen control processor;
said pathogen control processor capable of controlling the flow management system to detect and isolate a portion of the airflow determined to be contaminated wit potential pathogens, and selectively routing the contaminated portion of the airflow for pathogen isolation.

US Pat. No. 10,393,431

METHOD FOR THE INTEGRATION OF LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS AND SYNGAS PRODUCTION

1. A method for a production of liquefied natural gas (“LNG”), the method comprising the steps of:a) operating a syngas production facility that is configured to convert a first natural gas stream into a syngas stream, wherein the syngas production facility is further configured to produce a pressurized steam, wherein the pressurized steam is fed to a steam turbine, wherein during said operating step, the syngas production facility uses a second natural gas stream at a lower pressure than the first natural gas stream;
b) cooling and liquefying a third natural gas stream using refrigeration provided by at least two different sources to produce an LNG product stream;
c) providing a first source for the refrigeration used in step b) by expanding the second natural gas stream in a natural gas expander and then warming the second natural gas stream, prior to being used in the syngas production facility in step a), against the third natural gas stream; and
d) providing a second source for the refrigeration used in step b) using a nitrogen refrigeration cycle, wherein the nitrogen refrigeration cycle comprises a nitrogen recycle compressor and at least one turbine, wherein the nitrogen recycle compressor is driven by the steam turbine of the syngas production facility.

US Pat. No. 10,393,429

METHOD OF OPERATING NATURAL GAS LIQUEFACTION FACILITY

Air Products and Chemical...

1. A method for controlling the start-up of a liquefied natural gas plant having a heat exchange system including a heat exchanger to achieve cool down of the heat exchanger by closed loop refrigeration by a refrigerant, the heat exchanger comprising at least one hot stream and at least one refrigerant stream, the at least one hot stream comprising a natural gas feed stream, and the at least one refrigerant stream being used to cool the natural gas feed stream through indirect heat exchange, the method comprising the steps of:(a) cooling the heat exchanger from a first temperature profile at a first time to a second temperature profile at a second time, the first temperature profile having a first average temperature that is greater than a second average temperature of the second temperature profile; and
(b) executing the following steps, in parallel during the performance of step (a):
(i) measuring a first temperature at a first location within the heat exchange system;
(ii) calculating a first value comprising a rate of change of the first temperature;
(iii) providing a first set point representing a preferred rate of change of the first temperature;
(iv) controlling a flow rate of the natural gas feed stream through the heat exchanger based on the first value and the first set point; and
(v) independent of step (b)(iv), controlling the flow rate of a first stream of the at least one refrigerant stream such that the flow rate of the first refrigerant stream is greater at the second time than at the first time.

US Pat. No. 10,393,428

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR COOLING AND/OR LOW-TEMPERATURE LIQUEFACTION

1. A method for low-temperature liquefaction and/or cooling of a working fluid comprising helium, by using a refrigerator or a liquefier comprising a working circuit provided with a compression station and with a cold box, the refrigerator or the liquefier subjecting a working gas in the working circuit to a cycle comprising, in series, the steps of:compressing the working fluid in the compression station;
cooling the compressed working fluid in the cold box;
heating of the cooled, compressed working fluid in order to return the cooled, compressed working fluid to the compression station, the compression station comprising one or more compression stages each using one or more compressors comprising a compressor impeller secured to a spindle mounted so that the compressor impeller can rotate on bearings, the spindle of each compressor being rotationally driven by an output shaft of a motor via a gear mechanism housed in a mechanical gearbox containing lubricating oil;
controlling a gaseous atmosphere inside an internal volume of the mechanical gearbox so as to contain a gaseous mixture having a mean molar mass that is lower than a molar mass of air, the gaseous atmosphere of inside the mechanical gearbox comprising a molar proportion of helium that is greater than the molar proportion of helium in the air;
injecting a buffer gas to at least at one bearing of the compressor or compressors to form a gas barrier; and
guiding leaks of working fluid from the working circuit toward a collection zone, wherein at least part of the collection zone comprises the mechanical gearbox, such that a mixture of the buffer gas and the guided leaks of working fluid are fed into an internal volume of the mechanical gearbox.

US Pat. No. 10,393,427

RAPID SPINNING LIQUID IMMERSION BEVERAGE SUPERCOOLER

Supercooler Technologies,...

18. A device for rapidly cooling beverage containers, comprising:a housing having a cooling substance inside, the cooling substance being pre-cooled;
a mount supporting a beverage container which holds a beverage, inside of the housing upright so that the beverage container is immersed in the cooling substance; and
a motor alternatively rotating and counter-rotating the mount and the beverage container in the immersed substance between approximately 500 rpm and approximately 10,000 rpm, while continuously switching between the rotating and the counter-rotating directions between approximately 1/10 of a second and approximately 2 seconds, wherein the beverage inside the beverage container is cooled to a selected cooled temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,393,426

REFRIGERATOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet that defines a storage chamber;
a first door rotatably coupled to the cabinet and configured to open and close a first region of the storage chamber;
a display unit disposed at the first door and configured to display operation information of the refrigerator; and
a second door that is rotatably coupled to the cabinet, that is disposed laterally with respect to the first door, and that is configured to open and close a second region of the storage chamber different from the first region, the second door comprising:
a frame unit that defines a hole,
a front panel configured to cover the hole made of a transparent material,
an insulation panel made of a transparent material and disposed behind the front panel to define a sealed space between the front panel and the insulation panel,
a lighting device configured to illuminate the storage chamber or the hole of the second door, and
a door storage disposed behind the front panel,
wherein operation information of the refrigerator is displayed on the display unit of the first door adjacent to the second door, and
wherein at least one of the second region or the door storage of the second door is viewable from an outside through the front panel of the second door based on the lighting device being turned on.

US Pat. No. 10,393,424

REFRIGERATOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet;
an inner case that is located inside of the cabinet and that defines a storage chamber;
a first door rotatably coupled to the cabinet and configured to open and close a first side of the storage chamber;
a second door rotatably coupled to the cabinet and configured to open and close a second side of the storage chamber, the second door comprising a pillar that is configured to rotate relative to the second door and that is configured to, based on rotation of pillar relative to the second door, contact the first door in a state in which the first and second doors are closed;
a transmission member that is located at the inner case, that is configured to detect rotation of the first door relative to the cabinet, and that is configured to guide rotation of the pillar relative to the second door based on detection of rotation of the first door relative to the cabinet;
a pillar magnetic portion located at an upper area of the pillar;
a transmission member magnetic portion located at the transmission member and configured to generate magnetic force that interferes with the pillar magnetic portion; and
a first door magnetic portion located at an upper area of the first door and configured to operate the transmission member.

US Pat. No. 10,393,423

HEAT INSULATION DOOR AND REFRIGERATION APPLIANCE WITH THE HEAT INSULATION DOOR

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A heat insulation door for a refrigeration appliance, the heat insulation door comprising:a heat insulation vacuum glass module having a first glass plate and a second glass plate that are overlapped and defining a first interval; and
a third glass plate overlapped on the vacuum glass module and forming a second interval with the vacuum glass module; and
an inert gas filled in the second interval.

US Pat. No. 10,393,422

AIR CONDITIONER

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An air conditioner comprising:a front panel including a first panel part having an inlet and a second panel part connected to a lower portion of the first panel part and having an outlet;
a lower panel connected to the second panel part of the front panel of the air conditioner and extended toward a rear portion of the air conditioner; and
a door installed on a front surface of the second panel part of the front panel to open and close the outlet,
wherein the door is slid along a curved movement trajectory from an exterior surface of the front panel toward the lower panel and overlapping with an exterior surface of the lower panel, and
wherein the door includes a rack spaced apart from and fixed in a position, relative to the door, substantially parallel to a rear surface of the door, facing away from the door, and engaged with and moved by a pinion to thereby move the door, and
wherein the rack is connected to the door at a first end of the rack so that an interior space between the rack and the door extends continuously from the first end of the rack to a second end of the rack, opposite the first end of the rack, and to an exterior space of the door and the rack, andwhereinthe door is able to be slid together with the rack,
when the outlet is closed, a lower portion of the second panel part is accommodated in the interior space between the door and the rack, and
when the outlet is opened, at least a part of the lower portion of the second panel part exits from the interior space between the door and the rack.

US Pat. No. 10,393,421

ICE MAKER AND REFRIGERATOR HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An ice maker assembly comprising:an ice maker configured to form ice;
an ice bucket arranged below the ice maker and configured to store the ice formed by the ice maker; and
a transporter assembly configured to transport the ice stored in the ice bucket to an outside of the ice bucket,
wherein the transporter assembly comprises:
a first transporter configured to be rotationally arranged inside the ice bucket to transport the ice in a direction of a rotation shaft of the first transporter, and
a second transporter including a blade configured to crush the ice transported by the first transporter by rotation, and configured to transport the ice to a top of the ice bucket as the blade rotates, wherein the second transporter is arranged to be slanted upward to the first transporter.

US Pat. No. 10,393,418

AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An air-conditioning apparatus comprising:an outdoor unit including a compressor compressing and discharging refrigerant, a heat source unit-side heat exchanger exchanging heat between the refrigerant and a medium, and a four-way valve switching between refrigerant passages;
a plurality of indoor units each including a plurality of use-side heat exchangers exchanging heat between the refrigerant and air to be conditioned and an indoor expansion device reducing a pressure of the refrigerant;
a relay unit connected between the outdoor unit and the indoor units, the relay unit providing a passage through which gas refrigerant is supplied to at least one indoor unit performing heating of the indoor units and a passage through which liquid refrigerant is supplied to at least one indoor unit performing cooling of the indoor units, the outdoor unit, the plurality of indoor units, and the relay unit being connected by pipes to form a refrigerant circuit;
a heat-source-unit flow control valve regulating a flow rate of the refrigerant flowing into the heat source unit-side heat exchanger while the heat source unit-side heat exchanger functions as a condenser;
a bypass pipe allowing the refrigerant to bypass the heat source unit-side heat exchanger;
a switching valve regulating the flow rate of the refrigerant passing through the bypass pipe; and
a controller configured to control the heat-source-unit flow control valve and the switching valve based on a pressure on a refrigerant inlet side of the heat source unit-side heat exchanger, which is functioning as the condenser, an inlet temperature and an outlet temperature of the medium passing through the heat source unit-side heat exchanger, and a ratio of a cooling operation capacity to a heating operation capacity of the use-side heat exchangers,
wherein the controller is configured to control the heat-source unit flow control valve and the switching valve during a time when at least one of the indoor units is performing heating and another of the indoor units is performing cooling and when the heat-source unit-side heat exchanger functions as the condenser, to vary the flow rate through the heat source unit-side heat exchanger and through the bypass pipe based on a ratio of a cooling operation capacity to a heating operation capacity of the use-side heat exchangers, and
wherein at least the switching valve is controlled to have various opening degrees that are less than a fully open degree and greater than a fully closed degree.

US Pat. No. 10,393,416

EVAPORATOR

KEIHIN THERMAL TECHNOLOGY...

1. An evaporator comprising:a first side;
a second side opposite to the first side;
a leeward upper header portion provided to extend from the first side to the second side in an extending direction;
a leeward lower header portion provided substantially parallel to the leeward upper header portion to extend from the first side to the second side;
a refrigerant inlet which is provided at the leeward upper header portion or the leeward lower header portion on the first side and through which refrigerant is to flow into the evaporator;
leeward heat exchange tubes each of which has a longitudinal direction and which are provided between the leeward upper header portion and the leeward lower header portion to connect the leeward upper header portion and the leeward lower header portion in the longitudinal direction, the leeward heat exchange tubes forming a plurality of leeward tube rows, the plurality of leeward tube rows comprising:
a first row which is furthest among the plurality of leeward tube rows from the refrigerant inlet in the extending direction and in which refrigerant is to flow in a first direction along the longitudinal direction, the first row including first leeward heat exchange tubes among the leeward heat exchange tubes;
a third row which is closest among the plurality of leeward tube rows to the refrigerant inlet in the extending direction and in which refrigerant is to flow in the first direction; and
a fourth row which is provided between the first row and the third row to be connected the first row and the third row and in which refrigerant is to flow in a second direction opposite to the first direction in the longitudinal direction;
a windward upper header portion provided substantially parallel to the leeward upper header portion to extend from the first side to the second side;
a windward lower header portion provided substantially parallel to the leeward lower header portion to extend from the first side to the second side;
a refrigerant outlet which is provided at the windward upper header portion or the windward lower header portion on the first side and through which refrigerant is to flow out of the evaporator;
windward heat exchange tubes each of which extends along the longitudinal direction and which are provided between the windward upper header portion and the windward lower header portion to connect the windward upper header portion and the windward lower header portion in the longitudinal direction, the windward heat exchange tubes forming a plurality of windward tube rows, the plurality of windward tube rows comprising:
a second row which is furthest among the plurality of windward tube rows from the refrigerant outlet in the extending direction and in which refrigerant is to flow in the first direction, the second row including second windward heat exchange tubes among the windward heat exchange tubes; and
a resistance divider provided in the leeward upper header portion or the leeward lower header portion at a position corresponding to the first row, the resistance divider comprising:
a first wall provided between the refrigerant inlet and the first row and having at least one refrigerant passage hole via which the refrigerant inlet is in communication with the first row; and
a second wall provided between the refrigerant inlet and the second row and having at least one communication path via which the refrigerant inlet is in communication with the second row.

US Pat. No. 10,393,414

FLEXIBLE THERMAL REGULATION DEVICE

Palo Alto Research Center...

1. A flexible active temperature control device, comprising:a thermal energy transfer layer having thermoelectric elements and a functionally-graded material integrated into a single layer, wherein the functionally graded material has a gradient, wherein the gradient has a decreasing density of particles farther away from the thermoelectric elements;
a thermal energy spreading layer in thermal communication with the thermal energy transfer layer and configured to receive thermal energy from the thermal energy transfer layer and to spread the thermal energy through the thermal energy spreading layer; and
a thermal energy exchange layer in thermal communication with the thermal energy spreading layer and configured to exchange the spread thermal energy with the thermal energy spreading layer.

US Pat. No. 10,393,413

HEAT PUMP APPARATUS WITH REFRIGERANT LEAKAGE PROTECTION

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A heat pump apparatus, comprising:a refrigerant circuit including a compressor, a load-side heat exchanger, a pressure reducing device, and a heat source-side heat exchanger connected via a refrigerant pipe, the refrigerant circuit being configured to circulate refrigerant therethrough; and
a load unit configured to accommodate at least the load-side heat exchanger therein,
the load-side heat exchanger being configured to allow heat exchange between the refrigerant and a heat medium,
the load unit comprising
a heat medium circuit chamber configured to accommodate at least a part of a heat medium circuit configured to allow the heat medium to flow therethrough,
a fan,
an air inlet configured to suck indoor air therethrough,
an air outlet formed at a different height position from a height position of the air inlet, and configured to blow indoors the air sucked through the air inlet, and
an air passage formed between the air inlet and the air outlet, the air passage being isolated from the heat medium circuit chamber,
the load-side heat exchanger being provided in the air passage.

US Pat. No. 10,393,411

STIRLING CRYOCOOLER

SUMITOMO HEAVY INDUSTRIES...

1. A Stirling-cryocooler expander for connection with a Stirling-cryocooler compressor containing a working gas, the Stirling-cryocooler expander comprising:a cylindrical displacer composed of a displacer base portion disposed on a center axis and a displacer tip portion aligned along the center axis, extending from the displacer base portion to a working-gas expansion space, the displacer tip portion including a plurality of discoid components each having a cylindrical lateral surface and a substantially flat rear surface, one discoid component of each of pairs of the discoid components having a substantially flat front surface containing a central recess, the plurality of discoid components being arranged axially adjoining each other rear-surface-to-front-surface along the center axis so that the cylindrical lateral surfaces of the discoid components constitute a portion of the displacer tip portion's outer cylindrical surface, and to bring central-recess-encompassing portions of the axially adjoining rear and front surfaces into contact and leave the central recess where the axially adjoining rear and front surfaces are not in contact as an area forming a working-gas layer with the expander being connected to the Stirling-cryocooler compressor; and
a regenerator disposed surrounding the displacer tip portion such as to guide reciprocating travel of the displacer along the center axis.

US Pat. No. 10,393,410

CRYOGENIC REFRIGERATOR AND ROTARY JOINT

SUMITOMO HEAVY INDUSTRIES...

1. A cryogenic refrigerator for installation on an apparatus including a stationary portion and a rotating portion axially rotatably supported by the stationary portion, the refrigerator comprising:a compressor installed on the stationary portion;
an expander installed on the rotating portion; and
a rotary joint fluidly coupling the compressor with the expander, the rotary joint including
a rotor fixed to the rotating portion and coaxial with the rotating portion's rotational axis,
a stator disposed adjacent to the rotor to form a clearance between the rotor and the stator, and fixed to the stationary portion,
a first high-pressure flowpath, being a flowpath for a first high-pressure working gas having a first high pressure that is higher than ambient pressure of the cryogenic refrigerator, and extending from the stator through the clearance to the rotor,
a second high-pressure flowpath, being a flowpath for a second high-pressure working gas having a second high pressure that is higher than ambient pressure and is lower than the first high pressure, and extending from the rotor through the clearance to the stator, and
a working-gas sealing area dividing the clearance into a first high-pressure section communicating with the first high pressure flowpath, and a second high-pressure section communicating with the second high-pressure flowpath; wherein
the working-gas sealing area has a first diameter in the first high-pressure section, and a second diameter in the second high-pressure section, and the first diameter is smaller than the second diameter.

US Pat. No. 10,393,403

BATHROOM MANAGEMENT APPARATUS

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A bathroom drying apparatus comprising:a case including an upper front surface region having an air intake port, a lower front surface region having a first air discharge port, and an intermediate front surface region defined between the upper front surface region and the lower front surface region and depressed rearward, wherein a blower fan is configured to receive air through the air intake port and output air through the first air discharge port;
an intake vane including first hinges, which are provided on opposite sides of a rear surface of the intake vane and are received in the intermediate front surface region and are configured to direct the intake vane to move to selectively open or close the air intake port; and
a first discharge vane including second hinges, which are provided on opposite sides of the rear surface of the first discharge vane and are received in the intermediate front surface region and are configured to direct the first discharge vane to move to selectively open or close the first air discharge port,
wherein a region of the rear surface of the intake vane between the two first hinges and a region of the rear surface of the first discharge vane between the two second hinges defines a first flow channel that is separate from the intermediate front surface region; further comprising a filter provided in the air intake port.

US Pat. No. 10,393,402

AIR EXCHANGE DEVICE AND COVERING MEMBER THEROF

Sunonwealth Electric Mach...

1. An air exchange device, comprising:an air-guiding tube having a first maximal outer diameter, wherein the air-guiding tube comprises a first end and a second end; and
a covering member comprising a positioning portion adapted to be coupled to an outer wall of the air-guiding tube and a covering portion connected to the positioning portion, wherein the covering portion has a second maximal outer diameter larger than the first maximal outer diameter of the air-guiding tube, wherein an engaging ring is formed on a periphery of the positioning portion and engages with the outer wall of the air-guiding tube, wherein an inclined face is formed on an inner wall of the engaging ring, wherein the inclined face extends from the first end to a termination towards the second end of the air-guiding tube in an inclined and upward way, and wherein the inclined face is inclined in a same inclination direction and engages with the air-guiding tube from the first end to the termination.

US Pat. No. 10,393,396

THERMAL LOAD ESTIMATING DEVICE AND AIR CONDITIONING CONTROL SYSTEM

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A thermal load estimator, comprising:a processor that
receives an actual power consumption of various types of devices installed in a room;
stores therein a predetermined thermal load pattern, the thermal load pattern representing a maximum thermal load at each of certain times of day based on least one selected from the group consisting of a human-body thermal load, a lighting thermal load, or an insolation load in the room;
stores therein a maximum power consumption that is a total value of respective maximum values of the power consumption of the various types of devices in the room calculated from rated values of the various types of devices in the room;
estimates a thermal-load value of the room at a certain time of day subsequent to a time at which the actual power consumption has been measured, based on the actual power consumption at the time at which the actual power consumption has been measured, the thermal load pattern, and the maximum power consumption; and
transmits the estimated thermal-load value estimated by the thermal-load estimator to an air conditioning control device that controls an air-conditioning and heat source system including an air conditioner and a heat source unit.

US Pat. No. 10,393,394

SYSTEM, METHOD AND DEVICE TO RECORD PERSONAL ENVIRONMENT, ENABLE PREFERRED PERSONAL INDOOR ENVIRONMENT ENVELOPE AND RAISE ALERTS FOR DEVIATION THEREOF

1. A system for recording a personal environment envelope of an individual, the system comprises:a. a sensor module comprising at least one of a plurality of environmental sensors configured to sense a plurality of environmental parameters of the personal environment envelope surrounding the individual and a plurality of biological sensors to sense a plurality of biological and physiological condition of the individual;
b. a personal environment envelop setting module configured:
i. to define preferred settings based on input from the individual through an user interface;
ii. to machine learn individual's preference of the personal environmental envelope; and
iii. to automatically generate the preferred settings for the individual based on the learning by interacting and interfacing with plurality of environment setting equipment's to achieve the preferred setting for the individual;
c. a processing module configured:
i. to collect data from plurality of environmental sensors regarding ambient environmental conditions with reference to the geographical location of the individual;
ii. to collect data from plurality of external sources regarding ambient environmental conditions with reference to the geographical location of the individual and the personal environmental envelope;
iii. to dynamically process the preferred personal environment data vis-a-vis the ambient environmental conditions by concurrently mapping the personal environmental envelope of the individual with the corresponding ambient outdoor environmental conditions, when the individual moves from a first set of ambient conditions to a second new set of ambient conditions;
iv. to process at least one of the plurality of environmental parameters sensed by the plurality of environmental sensors, the sensed biological and physiological condition of the individual and the preferred settings to generate one or more alerts, wherein the alert indicates a deviation of at least one environmental parameter from a corresponding preferred setting; and
d. a server module configured to receive, store, analyze and machine learn from data of the plurality of environmental parameters and biological and physiological condition, sensed by the environmental sensors and biological sensors from the sensor module and the preferred settings along with ambient environmental data from plurality of individuals for epidemiology study; wherein the system tracks, records, monitors, alert for deviations of environmental parameters and enable preferred settings.

US Pat. No. 10,393,393

DEHUMIDIFIER

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A dehumidifier comprising:a refrigerant circuit in which a compressor, a flow path switch configured to switch a refrigerant flow path, a first heat exchanger, a pressure-reducing device and a second heat exchanger are connected by piping;
a moisture adsorption member arranged between the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger and configured to adsorb moisture contained in air flowing in an air path and desorb the adsorbed moisture;
a fan configured to blow air in a space to be dehumidified into the air path, the fan causing the air to flow in order of the first heat exchanger, the moisture adsorption member and the second heat exchanger;
a controller configured to control the flow path switch;
a storage unit configured to store an operation time map used to control the flow path switch; and
a temperature and humidity detection unit configured to detect temperature and humidity in the space to be dehumidified,
the controller being configured to control the flow path switch to switch a first operation mode, in which the first heat exchanger is caused to serve as an evaporator and the second heat exchanger is caused to serve as a condenser to adsorb moisture by the moisture adsorption member, and a second operation mode, in which the first heat exchanger is caused to serve as a condenser and the second heat exchanger is caused to serve as an evaporator to desorb moisture adsorbed by the moisture adsorption member,
the operation time map associating temperature and humidity in the space to be dehumidified with a first time during which operation is performed in the first operation mode and a second time during which operation is performed in the second operation mode,
the controller being configured to acquire the first time and the second time corresponding to the temperature and the humidity detected by the temperature and humidity detection unit from the operation time map, and control the flow path switch in accordance with the acquired first time and second time.

US Pat. No. 10,393,392

AIR CONDITIONER

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. An air conditioner comprising:a case provided with a first and a second indoor suction port, and a first and a second indoor discharge port;
an air conditioning unit to operate according to a heat pump cycle, the air conditioning unit provided with a first heat exchanger to operate as one of an evaporator and a condenser, and a second heat exchanger to operate as the other of the evaporator and the condenser;
a first indoor flow channel connected between the first indoor suction port and the first indoor discharge port, the first indoor flow channel to allow an indoor air suctioned through the first indoor suction port to pass through the first heat exchanger and discharge through the first indoor discharge port;
a second indoor flow channel connected between the second indoor suction port and the second indoor discharge port, the second indoor flow channel to allow the indoor air suctioned through the second indoor suction port to pass through the second heat exchanger and discharge through the second indoor discharge port; and
a condensing unit to receive regenerated air, heat-exchanged with the condenser, from one of the first indoor flow channel and the second indoor flow channel, and perform a heat exchange between the regenerated air and a cooling fluid having a lower temperature than the regenerated air so as to condense moisture contained in the regenerated air,
wherein the first indoor flow channel comprises:
a first main indoor flow channel connected between the first heat exchanger and the first indoor discharge port;
a first regeneration indoor flow channel diverged from the first main indoor flow channel, passed through the condensing unit and connected the first indoor discharge port;
wherein the second indoor flow channel comprises:
a second main indoor flow channel connected between the second heat exchanger and the second indoor discharge port;
a second regeneration indoor flow channel diverged from the second main indoor flow channel, passed through the condensing unit and connected the second indoor discharge port;
wherein the condensing unit comprises:
a regenerated air flow channel connected to the first regeneration indoor flow channel and the second main indoor flow channel to receive the regenerated air, heat-exchanged with the condenser, from one of the first regeneration indoor flow channel and the second main indoor flow channel.

US Pat. No. 10,393,391

REFRIGERATION CYCLE APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A refrigeration cycle apparatus comprising:a refrigerant circuit in which a high-pressure shell compressor, a condenser, an expansion mechanism and an evaporator are connected;
a mixed refrigerant circulating through the refrigerant circuit and containing 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene, difluoromethane and 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene mixed with each other,
wherein, in a state prior to introduction of the mixed refrigerant into the refrigerant circuit, a percentage by weight of the 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene is contained in the mixed refrigerant in an amount less than 50 wt %, and a percentage by weight of the difluoromethane is contained in an amount of at least 0.7 times but not more than two times the percentage by weight of the 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene in terms of weight ratio; and
a refrigerating machine oil is enclosed in the refrigerant circuit together with the mixed refrigerant in an amount equal to and up to four times the weight of the mixed refrigerant in terms of weight ratio, the refrigerating machine oil being a solvent for the mixed refrigerant with a portion of each of the difluoromethane, the 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene and the 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene being dissolved in the refrigerating machine oil enclosed in the refrigerant circuit,
wherein the refrigerating machine oil satisfies a relationship that the difluoromethane has a smaller solubility in the refrigerating machine oil compared to solubilities of the 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene and the 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene in the refrigerating machine oil, and the refrigerating machine oil reduces the amount of the 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene contained in the mixed refrigerant enclosed in the refrigerant circuit for inhibiting a disproportionation reaction of the 1,1,2-trifluoroethylene during operation of the refrigeration cycle apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,393,387

GAS BURNER ASSEMBLY FOR A COOKTOP APPLIANCE

Haier US Appliance Soluti...

1. A gas burner assembly, comprising:a burner body having an inner side wall and an outer side wall, the inner side wall spaced apart from the outer side wall along a radial direction, the burner body defining a plurality of inner flame ports and a plurality of outer flame ports, the plurality of inner flame ports positioned at the inner side wall, the plurality of outer flame ports positioned at the outer side wall, a first fuel chamber within the burner body contiguous with the plurality of inner flame ports, a second fuel chamber within the burner body contiguous with the plurality of outer flame ports, the first fuel chamber separate from the second fuel chamber within the burner body,
wherein a carryover duct extends within the burner body between the inner and outer side walls, a first supply duct extends between the first fuel chamber and the carryover duct, a second supply duct extends between the second fuel chamber and the carryover duct, and
wherein the second fuel chamber extends beneath the carryover duct such that fuel within the second fuel chamber is flowable beneath the crossover duct.

US Pat. No. 10,393,386

SYSTEM OF GAS BURNERS, IN PARTICULAR FOR A COOKING TOP FOR HOUSEHOLD USE

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A system of gas burners for a cooking top having a pair of concentric burners, the pair of concentric burners comprising:an outer burner equipped with a first cup and a first flame divider;
an inner burner equipped with a second cup and a second flame divider, wherein the first flame divider and the second flame divider include, respectively, a plurality of first apertures and a plurality of second apertures to allow an air-gas mixture to exit, said plurality of first apertures and said plurality of second apertures being oriented to extend parallel to a vertical axis of symmetry of the inner and outer burners;
a first Venturi element of the first cup of the outer burner for supplying the air-gas mixture to a first chamber of the first cup; and
a second Venturi element of the second cup of the inner burner for supplying the air-gas mixture to a second chamber of said second cup, wherein the first Venturi element and the second Venturi element include a first longitudinal axis of symmetry and a second longitudinal axis of symmetry, respectively, that are arranged horizontally, and wherein the first Venturi element is disposed relative to the first cup such that the first longitudinal axis of symmetry is located on an outside of an inner wall of the first cup, and wherein the first Venturi element is associated with a guide partition entering the first chamber that is positioned parallel to the first longitudinal axis of symmetry of the first Venturi element and wherein the guide partition is integral with and tangential to the inner wall of the first cup.

US Pat. No. 10,393,382

MULTI-POINT INJECTION MINI MIXING FUEL NOZZLE ASSEMBLY

General Electric Company,...

1. A fuel injector for a gas turbine engine, the fuel injector comprising:an end wall;
a centerbody comprising an axially extended outer wall and inner wall, wherein the outer wall and inner wall extend from the end wall toward a downstream end of the fuel injector, and wherein the outer wall, the inner wall, and the end wall together define a fluid conduit extended in a first direction toward the downstream end of the fuel injector and in a second direction toward an upstream end of the fuel injector;
an outer sleeve surrounding the centerbody from the end wall toward the downstream end of the fuel injector, wherein the outer sleeve and the centerbody define a premix passage radially therebetween and an outlet at the downstream end of the premix passage, and wherein the outer sleeve defines a plurality of radially oriented first air inlet ports in circumferential arrangement at a first axial portion of the outer sleeve, and wherein the outer sleeve defines a plurality of radially oriented second air inlet ports in circumferential arrangement at a second axial portion of the outer sleeve, and wherein the outer sleeve further defines a first fluid passage arranged between each first air inlet port and extended from the end wall, and wherein a fluid passage wall extends from the end wall within the first fluid passage, the fluid passage wall defining a second fluid passage extended from the end wall within the first fluid passage, and wherein the outer sleeve further defines a first fluid injection port in fluid communication with the first fluid passage and a second fluid injection port in fluid communication with the second fluid passage; and
a thermal management conduit defined by the fluid communication of the fluid conduit and the first fluid passage and the thermal communication of the second fluid passage in adjacent arrangement with the first fluid passage.

US Pat. No. 10,393,381

UNITARY FLOW PATH STRUCTURE

General Electric Company,...

1. An outer wall of a flow path of a gas turbine engine, the outer wall comprising:a combustor portion extending through a combustion section or the gas turbine engine; and
a turbine portion extending through at least a first turbine stage and a second turbine stage of a turbine section of the gas turbine engine,
wherein the combustor portion comprises an outer liner of a combustor of the combustion section,
wherein the turbine portion comprises
an outer band of a nozzle portion of the first turbine stage,
a shroud of a blade portion of the first turbine stage,
an outer band of a nozzle portion of the second turbine stage, and
a shroud of a blade portion of the second turbine stage,
wherein the combustor portion and the turbine portion are integrally formed such that the combustor portion and the turbine portion are a single unitary structure, and
wherein the single unitary structure defines an outer boundary of the flow path.

US Pat. No. 10,393,378

GLOW PLUG AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A GLOW PLUG

BorgWarner Ludwigsburg Gm...

1. A method for producing a glow plug, comprising:connecting a glow pin to an inner pole;
arranging the glow pin and the inner pole in a body such that the glow pin protrudes from a first end of the body and the inner pole protrudes from a second end of the body;
embossing a structure into a section of the inner pole which protrudes from the body in the finished glow plug;
wherein the structure is embossed by two opposite facing stamps that are pressed against the inner pole and at least one of the two stamps has a flat end face having elevations and/or indentations for embossing the structure;
wherein after a first embossing step, the two stamps are pressed against the inner pole again after being offset in the circumferential direction, and a second embossing step is then performed.

US Pat. No. 10,393,377

DIRECTIONAL FIRE-STARTING SYSTEM, METHOD, AND DEVICE

1. A directional fire-starting device, having a front and a back, comprising:a. a tube-shaped housing, defining a longitudinal dimension and further defining a slot extending longitudinally along the tube-shaped housing, the slot having a front end positioned near the front of the device, the tube-shaped housing further defining a flint chamber, having an open end at the front of the device;
b. a flint positioned inside the flint chamber, and separated by void space from the tube-shaped housing, and having a surface portion that extends adjacent to, and is thereby transversely accessible through, substantially the entirety of the slot; and
c. a striker having a first portion and a second portion, and wherein the first portion is sized to fit through the slot and extend to the flint as the second portion extends from the slot outwardly from the tube-shaped housing;
d. whereby a user may hold the striker by the second portion, extend the first portion through the slot at the back of the slot, and push the striker against the flint material as the striker is rapidly moved from the back to the front of the slot, thereby causing sparks to fly out of the flint chamber open end at the front of the device.

US Pat. No. 10,393,376

INDOOR INSTALLATION TYPE COMBUSTION APPARATUS

RINNAI CORPORATION, Aich...

1. An indoor installation type combustion apparatus having housed inside an exterior case: a burner;a combustion box for enclosing a combustion space of air-fuel mixture ejected from the burner; and
an exhaust duct through which exhaust gas discharged from the combustion box flows, an upper surface of the exterior case having formed therein:
a cylindrical exhaust connection port which is in communication with the exhaust duct and which is connectable to an exhaust pipe;
a first cylindrical air supply connection port which is connectable to an air supply pipe of double-pipe system containing therein the exhaust pipe and which encloses the exhaust connection port; and
a second cylindrical air supply connection port which is connectable to an air supply pipe of twin-pipe system which is separate from, and independent of, the exhaust pipe, wherein:
an air supply box which is in communication with both the first and the second air supply connection ports is disposed,
an outlet opening is formed at one place of the air supply box so that the air flowing in from an arbitrary air supply connection port between the first and the second air supply connection ports is discharged into an inner space of the exterior case,
wherein a supply-air filter to collect foreign matters in the air is mounted in the outlet opening, and
wherein a part of the air supply box is constituted by a part of the exterior case.

US Pat. No. 10,393,373

OXYGEN-FUEL BURNER WITH CAVITY-ACTUATED MIXING

Air Products and Chemical...

1. A burner comprising:a first annular conduit in fluid flow communication with a supply of an annular gas, the annular gas comprising one of oxygen and a gaseous fuel, the first annular conduit having a first inner wall and a first outer wall;
a central conduit located within the first annular conduit and being in fluid flow communication with a supply of a central gas, the central gas comprising the other of oxygen and a gaseous fuel, the central conduit having a central outer wall and an outlet plane; and
a symmetric cavity formed in at least one of the central outer wall, the first inner wall, and the first outer wall, the cavity being positioned proximal to and a non-zero distance upstream of the outlet plane of the central conduit, the cavity having a length, a depth, and an aspect ratio defined as the length divided by the depth, the depth being at least 10% of the hydraulic diameter of the conduit bounded by the wall in which the cavity is formed, the aspect ratio being from 1 to 10;
wherein the cavity has an upstream wall, a bottom wall, and a downstream wall, and wherein the upstream wall and the downstream wall each adioin the bottom wall at the same relative angle to render the cavity symmetric in the upstream-downstream direction, and wherein the length is a distance between the upstream wall and the downstream wall, and wherein the depth is a height of one of the upstream wall and the downstream wall; and
wherein the cavity is formed in the central outer wall.

US Pat. No. 10,393,369

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FLUID MEDIUM PREHEATING

General Electric Company,...

1. A preheating system for preheating a fluid medium, comprising:a Low Pressure Economizer (LPE) in a Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG), the LPE comprising an inlet and an outlet;
a feed line to feed the fluid medium to the LPE, wherein the feed line is joined to the inlet of the LPE;
a recirculation line connected between the outlet and the inlet of the LPE and arranged to recirculate the fluid medium from the outlet of the LPE to the inlet of the LPE;
a heat shift configuration to increase an operational pressure of steam in an evaporator of the HRSG to shift heat to the LPE or to the feed line to increase heat gain in the fluid medium;
a temperature control circuit operably connected to the feed line and the recirculation line, and configured to send signals to actuate and de-actuate the recirculation of the fluid medium based on the required minimum temperature of the fluid medium at the inlet of the LPE—in order to maintain the required minimum temperature as required by the HRSG; and
a measurement element circuit operably connected to the temperature control circuit and to the HRSG, the measurement element configured:
to enable calculation of the required minimum temperature at which the fluid medium is required to be kept for recirculation in the HRSG, based on parameters of the HRSG; and
to enable the temperature control circuit to send signals to actuate and de-actuate the recirculation of the fluid medium based on the calculated required minimum temperature to recirculate the fluid medium from the recirculation line.

US Pat. No. 10,393,368

SAW BLADE POSITIONING DEVICE

1. A saw blade positioner for aiding in correctly positioning a reciprocating saw blade within a tube stub for making longitudinal cuts to an interior surface of the tube stub, said saw blade positioner comprisinga housing, said housing being substantially cylindrical, having a proximate end, a distal end, and an outside diameter less than an inside diameter of the tube stub,
said housing having an interior channel, said interior channel spanning said housing from its proximate end to its distal end, said interior channel having an inner back wall, said inner back wall being substantially planar, said interior channel having a pair of inner side walls, each located substantially perpendicular to the inner back wall and substantially parallel to each other, each inner side wall being substantially planar, and
said housing having an access slot through an exterior surface of said housing, said access slot in communication with said interior channel of said housing, said access slot located opposite said inner back wall of said interior channel of said housing and aligned with a longitudinal axis of said housing, said access slot spanning said housing from its proximate end to its distal end, said access slot configured to allow the saw blade to be positioned at least partly within the interior channel of said housing and at least partly outside said housing;
a biasing mechanism, said biasing mechanism being located within the interior channel of the housing, said biasing mechanism having an outer surface, said outer surface being substantially planar and oriented substantially parallel to the inner back wall of the interior channel of the housing and oriented towards and aligned with the access slot of the housing, whereby said biasing mechanism is configured to be manipulated such that it dynamically moves its outer surface in a first direction away from the inner back wall of the interior channel of the housing and dynamically moves its outer surface in a second direction towards the inner back wall of the interior channel of the housing; and
a blade guide, said blade guide formed into the outer surface of the biasing mechanism, said blade guide oriented substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the housing, said blade guide configured to accommodate the reciprocating saw blade such that a non-cutting portion of the reciprocating saw blade travels within the blade guide and cutting teeth of the reciprocating saw blade extend upward from the blade guide;wherein the biasing mechanism comprisesa first support wedge, said first support wedge having a long end, a short end substantially parallel to the long end, a base surface substantially perpendicular to the long end and to the short end, a pair of side surfaces substantially parallel to each other and substantially perpendicular to the long end, the short end, and the base surface, and a planar inclined surface located opposite the base surface and oriented at an acute first angle to the long end, whereby the first support wedge is configured to be placed within the interior channel of the housing, the base surface of the first support wedge is configured to be placed against and to slide along the inner back wall of the interior channel of the housing, and the side surfaces of the first support wedge are configured to be placed against and to slide along the inner side walls of the interior channel of the housing;
a second support wedge, said second support wedge having a long end, a short end substantially parallel to the long end, a base surface substantially perpendicular to the long end and to the short end, a pair of side surfaces substantially parallel to each other and substantially perpendicular to the long end, the short end, and the base surface, and a planar inclined surface located opposite the base surface and oriented at an acute second angle to the long end, said second angle being substantially equivalent to the first angle, whereby the second support wedge is configured to be placed within the interior channel of the housing, with the inclined surface of the second support wedge configured to be placed onto and to slide against the inclined surface of the first support wedge, with the base surface of the second support wedge being the outer surface of the biasing mechanism, and with the side surfaces of the second support wedge configured to be placed against and to slide along the inner side walls of the interior channel of the housing; and
a positioning means suitable for moving the first support wedge in a forward direction substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the housing and in a rearward direction opposite the forward direction;
wherein the second support wedge has substantially the same shape and dimensions as the first support wedge, the first and second support wedges are oriented so that the long end of the first support wedge is proximate to the short end of second support wedge and the short end of the first support wedge is proximate to the long end of the second support wedge, the side surfaces of the first support wedge are substantially coplanar with the side surfaces of the second support wedge, and the base surface of the first support wedge is substantially parallel to the base surface of the second support wedge;
whereby the reciprocating saw blade is placed into the blade guide of the biasing mechanism of the saw blade positioner, the saw blade positioner is placed into the tube stub, and the biasing mechanism is manipulated to dynamically move its outer surface and the blade guide formed therein in either or both the first direction and the second direction, where moving the first support wedge of the biasing mechanism in the forward direction causes the long end of the first support wedge to move towards the long end of the second support wedge, with the inclined surface of the first support wedge sliding along the inclined surface of the second support wedge, thereby moving the second support wedge in the first direction away from the inner back wall of the interior channel of the housing and moving the blade guide through the access slot of the housing and out of the interior channel of the housing, and moving the first support wedge of the biasing mechanism in the rearward direction causes the short end of the first support wedge to move towards the short end of the second support wedge, with the inclined surface of the first support wedge sliding along the inclined surface of the second support wedge, thereby allowing the second support wedge to move in the second direction toward the inner back wall of the interior channel of the housing and moving the blade guide through the access slot of the housing into the interior channel of the housing, resulting in the raising or lowering of the reciprocating saw blade, so that a depth of a longitudinal cut created by the reciprocating saw blade into the interior surface of the tube stub can be precisely controlled.

US Pat. No. 10,393,363

ILLUMINATION DEVICE FOR A FLUID DELIVERY APPARATUS

Delta Faucet Company, In...

1. A sprayhead comprising:a housing defining a longitudinal axis;
a waterway received within the housing;
a sprayface fluidly coupled to the waterway and supporting a water outlet; and
an illumination device supported by the housing, the illumination device including a substrate, a plurality of light emitters supported by the substrate, and a translucent light pipe defining a closed loop to diffuse light from the light emitters outwardly away from the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,393,362

ILLUMINATED HANDLE SYSTEM

1. An illuminated handle system for a cabinet, comprising:a handle comprising:
a gripping member having an interior volume;
at least one support member configured to secure to a cabinet door via a fastener;
a light source disposed within the gripping member, wherein the light source is operably connected to a first power source;
a microprocessor operably connected to the light source, wherein the microprocessor is configured to actuate the light source;
a first transceiver operably connected to the microprocessor, configured to receive a wirelessly transmitted signal;
a motion sensor comprising a housing having a second power source and a second transceiver, wherein the motion sensor is configured to transmit a wireless signal to the first transceiver disposed within the handle when motion is detected.

US Pat. No. 10,393,361

INDOOR/OUTDOOR GARDEN HOSE LAMP

1. An indoor/outdoor lamp comprising:a lamp exterior body having a tubular housing constructed of a conventional garden hose;
a pre-shaped rigid interior vertical support element mounted within said lamp tubular housing in a significant portion for vertically supporting and elevating the tubular housing and a pre-shaped rigid support base portion mounted inside said lamp tubular housing to support said vertical portion on a flat surface such as a floor or ground;
a light source for emitting light;
a light source fixture containing said light source connected to one end of said lamp body tubular housing, said light source fixture constructed as a manually actuated water spray nozzle for a garden hose;
a pair of electrical wires;
an electrical power source;
said light source fixture including a pair of power wires connected to said light source electrical power source;
a light switch;
said light switch and said pair of electrical wires connected between said power source inside said light source fixture and said electrical power source;
said light source fixture being water resistant.

US Pat. No. 10,393,360

LED LUMINAIRE HAVING LATERAL COOLING FINS AND ADAPTIVE LED ASSEMBLY

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. A luminaire housing comprising: a core having a top, a bottom, a first side, and a second side; and a group of cooling fins comprising at least three cooling fins that project laterally outwardly from the first side in a downward slope, the group of cooling fins each terminating laterally in a distal edge and each having a reach defined by the lateral distance of its respective distal edge from a medial longitudinal vertical plane of the housing, wherein the reaches of the group of cooling fins are nonuniform.

US Pat. No. 10,393,356

SURGICAL LAMP WITH BRIGHTNESS REGULATION

1. A surgical lamp for illuminating an operating area, comprisinga plurality of individual lamps of a plurality of lamp groups which, in an activated state, form a respective light beam bundle extending along a longitudinal axis and generating a light field region in an illumination plane, wherein the light field regions of the individual lamps are arranged next to one another and/or at least partially over one another in the illumination plane in such way that a total light field is formed, and wherein plural individual lamps associated with a first lamp group are oriented and arranged relative to one another so that the longitudinal axes of the light beam bundles thereof intersect in a first common focal plane and plural individual lamps associated with a second lamp group are oriented and arranged relative to each other so that the longitudinal axes of the light beam bundles thereof intersect in a second common focal plane arranged at a distance from the first focal plane,
a brightness detection device which is designed to determine an actual brightness value in the total light field, as well as
a control unit which acts on the individual lamps such that the illumination intensity is controlled in accordance with the determined actual brightness value,
wherein the brightness detection device and the control unit are designed in such a way that the control unit is connected to the individual lamps such that an illumination intensity of a first individual lamp of the first lamp group is adjustable in a targeted manner depending on the actual brightness value and is adjustable for brightening or dimming a first light field region independently of an illumination intensity of a second individual lamp of the first lamp group,
wherein the brightness detection device includes a camera, wherein the camera includes a lens having a fixedly set focal length.

US Pat. No. 10,393,355

LIGHTING PATTERN OPTIMIZATION FOR A TASK PERFORMED IN A VICINITY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A cognitive illumination system comprising:first, second and third light sources;
a servomechanism configured to manipulate the first, second and third light sources in a space and comprising:
multiple guide bars for multiple axes along each of which a first connector, by which the first light source is connectable to the multiple guide bars, is provided, the first connector being movable and configured to redirect and reorient the first light source with two or more degrees of freedom of movement relative to the multiple guide bars;
a mobile stand with a second connector, by which the second light source is connectable to the mobile stand, the second connector being configured to redirect and reorient the second light source with two or more degrees of freedom of movement relative to the mobile stand; and
a ceiling fixture with a third connector, by which the third light source is connectable with the ceiling fixture, the third connector being configured to redirect and reorient the third light source with two or more degrees of freedom of movement relative to the ceiling fixture;
a tracking assembly configured to capture and track objects in the space; and
a processor communicatively coupled to the first, second and third light sources, the servomechanism and the tracking assembly;
wherein the processor is configured to:
receive information about the captured and tracked objects from the tracking assembly;
determine a task being undertaken in a scene in the space from an analysis of the received information leading to an understanding of the scene by the processor;
develop a lighting plan for the task based on the understanding of the scene, the lighting plan being executable by the first, second and third light sources and the servomechanism; and
control the first, second and third light sources and the servomechanism according to the lighting plan in order to execute the lighting plan.

US Pat. No. 10,393,353

LUMINAIRE AND OUTPUT ELEMENT COUPLING MECHANISM THEREFOR

1. A luminaire assembly for recessed installation within a correspondingly shaped aperture, comprising:two or more luminaire modules mountable end-to-end within the aperture, each one of which comprising a recessable housing having opposed side walls;
an output element securable along and between said side walls to at least partially define an output of the luminaire; and
opposed inwardly biased output coupling structures extending at least partially along respective side walls and adapted to receive and resiliently secure corresponding edges of said output element along said side walls,
wherein at least one of said luminaire modules comprises a curved module, and wherein said output element comprises at least one correspondingly curved output element, and
said output element comprising at least one seamless output element that is securable along and between said side walls of at least two contiguous luminaire modules, and wherein said at least two contiguous luminaire modules comprise said curved module.

US Pat. No. 10,393,352

ELASTOMERIC RETENTION RING FOR LAMPS

The Toro Company, Bloomi...

1. A light assembly comprising:an outer light assembly housing comprising a housing base and a housing top; said housing top being connected to a top of said housing base;
an elastomeric ring disposed within the outer light assembly housing and engaging said outer light assembly housing; said elastomeric ring having a tubular shape with an inner surface forming a passage therethrough; said elastomeric ring having a plurality of lateral grooves located in said passage; said plurality of lateral grooves including a first groove extending around said inner surface; and,
a light bulb having an outer flange disposed within said first groove of said elastomeric ring, such that said elastomeric ring maintains a position of said light bulb relative to said outer light assembly housing.

US Pat. No. 10,393,346

LIGHT EMITTING MODULE WITH CONCAVE REFLECTING STRUCTURE, DISPLAY DEVICE WITH LIGHT EMITTING MODULE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING LIGHT EMITTING MODULE WITH CONCAVE REFLECTING STRUCTURE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A light emitting module comprising:a substrate,
a concave reflecting structure on the substrate,
a first planarizing layer on the concave reflecting structure,
a first anode on the first planarizing layer,
a light emitting layer on the first anode, an opening of the concave reflecting structure facing the light emitting layer, and a vertical distance from a bottom of the concave reflecting structure to the light emitting layer being a preset distance, and
a cathode on the light emitting layer.

US Pat. No. 10,393,344

UPLIGHT REFLECTOR FOR LUMINAIRES

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A light fixture assembly, comprising:a light fixture comprising:
a housing that is configured to house one or more electrical components of the light fixture;
a heat sink coupled to the housing,
wherein the heat sink comprises:
a planar base portion having an inner annular edge and an outer annular edge that is larger in diameter than and concentric with the inner annular edge, wherein the inner annular edge defines a circular aperture in the center of the planar base portion, and
an annular outer plate concentric with the inner annular edge and the outer annular edge of the planar base portion, wherein the annular outer plate has a first diameter that is larger than a second diameter of the outer annular edge of the planar base portion, wherein the first diameter is an outermost diameter of the annular outer plate;
a plurality of LEDs coupled to a surface of the heat sink such that they emit light in a first direction, and
one or more reflectors, each having a substantially curved cross-sectional profile,
wherein at least one of the one or more reflectors is coupled to the heat sink and disposed in the first direction of at least a portion of the plurality LEDs such that light emitted by the portion of the plurality of LEDs in the first direction is reflected by the at least one of the one or more reflectors towards a second direction that is substantially opposite to the first direction,
wherein each of the one or more reflectors have an inner edge and an outer edge, and
wherein at least one of the one or more reflectors is coupled to at least one of the outer annular edge of the heat sink and the annular outer plate of the heat sink via one or more tab features of the reflector such that:
the at least one of the one or more reflectors is disposed below the heat sink,
the outer edge of the at least one of the one or more reflectors extends outside the first diameter of the annular outer plate of the heat sink, and
the portion of the plurality of the LEDs is disposed between the inner edge and the outer edge of the at least one of the one or more reflectors.

US Pat. No. 10,393,341

TRI-LOBE OPTIC AND ASSOCIATED LIGHT FIXTURES

ABL IP Holding LLC, Atla...

1. A tri-lobe optic for a linear light source, the linear light source defining a light emitting region along an axis, the tri-lobe optic comprising:an optical material forming:
an inner surface and an outer surface; and
a constant cross-sectional profile along a direction of the axis from a first axial end to a second axial end, the cross-sectional profile comprising:
a first azimuthal side relative to the axis;
concave and convex curves relative to the axis, the curves being:
a first concave curve coupled with the first azimuthal side,
a first convex curve,
a second concave curve,
a second convex curve and
a third concave curve,
such that each of the concave curves defines a lobe of the optical material along the direction of the axis; and
a second azimuthal side relative to the axis, coupled with the third concave curve;
wherein each of the inner surface and the outer surface follow each of the concave and convex curves between the first azimuthal side and the second azimuthal side.

US Pat. No. 10,393,337

VEHICULAR HEADLAMP

Koito Manufacturing Co., ...

1. A vehicular headlamp comprising:a first light source in which a normal line to an emission surface of the first light source is directed forwardly and obliquely downward such that a first light serving as a low beam is emitted from the first light source;
a second light source in which a normal line to an emission surface of the second light source is directed forwardly and obliquely upward such that a second light serving as a high beam is emitted from the second light source;
a projection lens that transmits the first light and the second light;
a third light source that emits a third light in response to at least one of an operation of a steering and an operation of a direction indicator; and
an optical member that adjusts a light distribution of the third light,
wherein the first light source, the second light source, and the third light source share a single heat sink.

US Pat. No. 10,393,327

LUMEN WAND

20. A lumen wand comprising:a wand portion formed of a transparent or semi-transparent material having a paddle shape with a front surface, a rear surface, a thickness, a length, and a width, the thickness being substantially less than at least the length;
a grip coupled to a proximal end of the wand portion;
a first magnetic component carried on the grip and a second magnetic component carried on the wand portion near a distal end thereof; and
an illumination element that is configured to emit light into the wand portion,
wherein the emitted light is propagated by the wand portion such that light is emitted from surfaces of the wand portion,
wherein the first and second magnetic components are configured to magnetically adhere the front surface or the rear surface of the lumen wand to a front surface or a rear surface of another lumen wand of like construction,
wherein the first magnetic component of the lumen wand is configured to adhere to a second magnetic component carried on a wand portion of the another lumen wand, and
wherein the second magnetic component of the lumen wand is configured to adhere to a first magnetic component carried on a grip of the another lumen wand.

US Pat. No. 10,393,315

CELLULAR STRUCTURES WITH TWELVE-CORNERED CELLS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A cellular structure comprising:a plurality of cells, each cell of the plurality of cells having a twelve-cornered cross section comprising twelve sides and twelve corners creating nine internal angles and three external angles,
wherein at least two of the twelve sides of the cross section have different cross-sectional lengths.

US Pat. No. 10,393,277

CONTROL VALVE

DOROT MANAGEMENT CONTROL ...

1. A control valve comprising:a valve body having an inlet port connectable to an upstream fluid supply line and extending along an inlet axis;
first and second outlet ports extending, respectively, along first and second outlet axes, and each connectable to a downstream fluid line, said first and second outlet axes extending substantially parallel to a sing reference axis and substantially perpendicular to said inlet axis;
a first sealing port associated with said first outlet port and disposed in a fluid path between the inlet port and the first outlet port, and a second sealing port disposed in a fluid path between the inlet port and the second outlet port; and
first and second sealing members configured for independently and selectively opening and closing the first and second sealing ports, respectively;
wherein each of said sealing ports extends along a sealing axis extending transverse to a plane being parallel to its respective outlet and said inlet axis, and forms, between a downstream end thereof and an upstream end of the inlet axis, an obtuse angel greater than 90°.

US Pat. No. 10,393,268

ROTARY SHAFT HOUSING AND SEAL

SAINT-GOBAIN PERFORMANCE ...

1. A rotary shaft seal housing comprising:a body having an aperture defining a central axis and an inner surface, the body defining a cavity concentric to the central axis of the aperture and extending outward from the central axis and into the body, wherein, when viewed in cross section, the inner surface forms a generally frustoconical shape; and
a flange extending inward toward the central axis a distance beyond the inner surface, the flange having a first surface contiguous with the cavity and a second surface opposite the first surface,
wherein the cavity is adapted to hold a sealing element, and wherein the first surface is generally smooth, wherein the sealing element has an undeformed thickness, TSE, as measured in a direction parallel with the central axis of the aperture, wherein TSE is no greater than 0.4 mm, wherein the housing is adapted to receive a shaft through the aperture, the shaft having a diameter of no greater than about 20 mm, wherein the inner surface has a minimum diameter, DISMIN, and a maximum diameter, DISMAX, and wherein a ratio of DISMAX:DISMIN is at least about 1.1:1 and no greater than about 3:1.

US Pat. No. 10,393,253

TRANSMISSION CASE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A transmission case comprising:a wall portion;
a bearing portion having a through-hole penetrating through the wall portion, the through-hole being configured to receive a power transmission shaft, the bearing portion projecting from the wall portion in a cylindrical shape and in a first direction; and
a rib projecting from the wall portion in the first direction, the rib having an arc portion connected to at least one chain protection portion and the arc portion being configured to surround an upper part of a sprocket, wherein:
when viewed from a direction along a center line of the bearing portion, the wall portion includes: (i) a first wall portion located in a first region, the first wall portion having a perimeter defined by the bearing portion, the arc portion of the rib, and two common tangent lines to the bearing portion and the arc portion of the rib, and (ii) a second wall portion located in a second region of the wall portion that is outside of the first region;
the first wall portion is offset in the first direction of the bearing portion relative to the second wall portion; and
the transmission case is shaped such that the bearing portion and the arc portion of the rib are connected by the two common tangent lines of the transmission case.

US Pat. No. 10,393,235

MULTI-SPEED TRANSMISSION

ALLISON TRANSMISSION, INC...

1. A multiple speed transmission, comprising:an input member;
an output member;
first, second, third and fourth planetary gearsets each having first, second and third members;
a plurality of interconnecting members each connected between at least one of the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gearsets and at least another of the first, second, third, and fourth planetary gearsets;
a first torque-transmitting mechanism selectively engageable to interconnect the first member of the first planetary gearset and the first member of the second planetary gearset with a stationary member;
a second torque-transmitting mechanism selectively engageable to interconnect the second member of the first planetary gearset with the stationary member;
a third torque-transmitting mechanism selectively engageable to interconnect the second member of the second planetary gearset with the first member of the third planetary gearset and the first member of the fourth planetary gearset;
a fourth torque-transmitting mechanism selectively engageable to interconnect the third member of the second planetary gearset and the third member of the third planetary gearset with the second member of the third planetary gearset; and
a fifth torque-transmitting mechanism selectively engageable to interconnect the third member of the first planetary gearset and the third member of the fourth planetary gearset with the second member of the third planetary gearset;
wherein, the first planetary gearset comprises an idler planetary gearset;
wherein the torque transmitting mechanisms are selectively engageable in combinations of at least three to establish at least eight forward speed ratios and at least one reverse speed ratio between the input member and the output member.

US Pat. No. 10,393,234

PLANETARY GEAR TRAIN OF TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A planetary gear train of an automatic transmission for a vehicle, comprising:an input shaft for receiving an engine torque;
an output shaft for outputting a shifted torque;
a first planetary gear set having a first rotational element, a second rotational element, and a third rotational element;
a second planetary gear set having a fourth rotational element, a fifth rotational element, and a sixth rotational element;
a third planetary gear set having a seventh rotational element, an eighth rotational element, and a ninth rotational element;
a fourth planetary gear set having a tenth rotational element, an eleventh rotational element, and a twelfth rotational element;
a first shaft fixedly connected to the third rotational element and selectively connected to the input shaft;
a second shaft fixedly connected to the ninth rotational element and selectively connected to the input shaft;
a third shaft fixedly connected to the eleventh rotational element and fixedly connected to the output shaft;
a fourth shaft fixedly connected to the first rotational element, the fourth rotational element, and the seventh rotational element;
a fifth shaft fixedly connected to the second rotational element and the tenth rotational element; and
a plurality of shafts each selectively connecting a corresponding element to a transmission housing, wherein the corresponding element is a rotational element, that is not fixedly interconnected, of one or more of the second planetary gear set, the third planetary gear sets, or the fourth planetary gear set;
wherein the plurality of shafts comprises:
a sixth shaft fixedly connected to the fifth rotational element and the eighth rotational element, wherein the sixth shaft is selectively connected to the transmission housing; and
a seventh shaft fixedly connected to the sixth rotational element and the twelfth rotational element, wherein the seventh shaft is selectively connected to the transmission housing;
wherein the input shaft and the first shaft are selectively interconnected to each other, the input shaft and the second shaft are selectively interconnected to each other, the first shaft and the fifth shaft are selectively interconnected to each other, and the first shaft and the sixth shaft are selectively interconnected to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,393,218

VISCOUS DAMPER

SIKORSKY AIRCRAFT CORPORA...

1. A damping mechanism configured for use with a coupling of a power transmission assembly comprising:a cylindrical body having a first end, and a second, opposite end, a groove being formed in a first surface of the cylindrical body adjacent the second end, wherein a thickness of the cylindrical body adjacent the second end is greater than a thickness of the cylindrical body adjacent the first end;
a cylindrical ring generally complementary to the groove being partially positioned within the groove such that a void exists between the cylindrical ring and a surface of the cylindrical body within the groove; and
a viscous material arranged within the void wherein non-concentric movement of the cylindrical ring relative to the cylindrical body causes displacement of the viscous material.

US Pat. No. 10,393,202

DAMPENING PILE GUIDE FOR FLOATING DOCK

CMI LIMITED CO., Mariett...

1. A dampening and impact absorption device comprising:an outer frame component;
an inner component housed within the outer frame component; and
at least one dampening element operatively coupled between the outer frame component and the inner component;wherein the inner component is an inner axle shaft, the inner axle shaft being rotationally offset relative to the outer frame component, whereby the at least one dampening element is engaged between exterior corners of the inner axle shaft and interior corners of the outer frame channel.

US Pat. No. 10,393,201

ACTUATING DEVICE FOR AN INTERNAL SHOE BRAKE HAVING AN AUTOMATIC ADJUSTING DEVICE

1. An actuating device for an internal expanding shoe brake, comprising a housing, at least one expansion piston movably mounted in the housing and an automatic adjusting device, the adjusting device comprising:an adjusting bolt, which can be moved relative to the expansion piston in an axial direction and comprises a screw shank that extends into the expansion piston, and a head portion that is operatively connected to a brake shoe,
a rotatably mounted adjusting nut which is arranged at least in part inside the expansion piston and is in threaded engagement with the screw shank,
an adjusting lever which is pivotally mounted on the expansion piston, can be moved therewith relative to the housing and is in engagement with the adjusting nut in order to rotate said nut relative to the adjusting bolt, and
a guide element fixed to the housing, with which guide element the adjusting lever interacts such that a movement of the adjusting lever relative to the guide element causes a pivoting movement of the adjusting lever,
wherein the adjusting lever comprises a guide link in the form of a guide slot having two opposing link surfaces that interact with opposing sides of the guide element fixed to the housing in order to convert the movement of the adjusting lever relative to the guide element fixed to the housing into pivoting movements of the adjusting lever,
wherein the adjusting lever comprises an end portion having a pawl, which is in engagement with the adjusting nut, in order to rotate the adjusting nut on the basis of the pivoting movement of the adjusting lever, while the guide slot is arranged in a portion of the adjusting lever remote from the end portion, the adjusting lever being mounted by means of a pivot bearing which is located between the end portion and the remote portion, and
wherein the adjusting nut comprises a ratchet or is connected to a ratchet for conjoint rotation, the ratchet being arranged inside the expansion piston, the expansion piston comprising a recess through which the end portion of the adjusting lever that comprises the pawl extends in order to enter into engagement with the ratchet.

US Pat. No. 10,393,192

CLUTCH

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A clutch apparatus, comprising:a hub configured to be constrained to a rotation shaft;
a sleeve configured to be straight slidably disposed on an external circumferential surface of the hub;
a clutch gear configured to be disposed to be relatively rotatable with respect to the rotation shaft;
a first friction ring configured to be mounted between the clutch gear and the hub and pressed toward the clutch gear to form a frictional force between the clutch gear and the hub to transfer a torque;
a key configured to be mounted between the sleeve and the hub and transfer a linear displacement of the sleeve to the first friction ring before the sleeve makes contact with the first friction ring; and
a displacement changing portion configured to change a relative rotation displacement of the first friction ring with respect to the hub to an axial linear displacement of the first friction ring,
wherein the hub is provided with a hub groove accommodating the key, the first friction ring is provided with a first ring protrusion being inserted into the hub groove, and an internal side of the sleeve is provided with a sleeve protrusion integrally formed on the internal side of the sleeve and inserted into the hub groove to press directly the first ring protrusion axially, and
wherein the displacement changing portion includes:
a first inclined surface formed, at an end part of the hub groove, facing toward the first friction ring, in a shape in which a width thereof is expanded along a circumferential direction of the hub groove; and
a second inclined surface formed at the first ring protrusion of the first friction ring in parallel with the first inclined surface, to contact with the first inclined surface.

US Pat. No. 10,393,191

SYNCHRONIZER OF TRANSMISSION

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A synchronizer of a transmission, comprising:a bottom key disposed on a hub to be slidable in a radial direction of the hub;
a top key disposed radially outside the bottom key to be slidable in an axial direction of the hub;
a sleeve disposed outside the hub and sliding in the axial direction to slide the top key in the axial direction to press a synchro-ring;
a key spring disposed between the bottom key and the hub to press the bottom key and the top key toward an internal side of the sleeve; and
a motion converting portion converting relative motion generated in a circumferential direction of the hub between the top key and the bottom key into axial relative motion of the top key to the bottom key toward the synchro-ring.

US Pat. No. 10,393,179

SEGMENTED OUTER RING FOR A BEARING FOR MITIGATING TORQUE DEGRADATION

12. A bearing assembly comprising:an outer ring comprising:
an outer sleeve defining a first exterior surface and a first interior area, the first interior area being defined by a first inner surface extending along the outer sleeve, the first inner surface having a first fastener mechanism formed therein, extending axially from a first axial end to a second axial end of the outer sleeve and extending circumferentially substantially along an entirety of the first inner surface, wherein the first inner surface is an uninterrupted surface;
an inner sleeve defining a second exterior surface and a second interior area, the second interior area being defined by a second inner surface extending along the inner sleeve, the second exterior surface having a second fastener mechanism formed therein, extending axially and circumferentially substantially along an entirety of the second exterior surface from a third axial end to a fourth axial end of the inner sleeve;
the inner sleeve being removably disposed in the first interior area by selective engagement of the first fastener mechanism with the second fastener mechanism and so that the outer sleeve surrounds the inner sleeve; and
wherein the first fastener mechanism comprises a female threaded area extending axially from the first axial end to the second axial end of the outer sleeve and the second fastener mechanism comprises a male threaded area which is selectively threadedly engaged with the female threaded area; and
an inner member having a third exterior surface, the inner member being at least partially disposed in the first interior area for relative rotation therebetween, the relative rotation being caused by an operating torque,
wherein the first exterior surface is cylindrical and has an outside diameter of a magnitude configured to be press fit into a bore of a housing,
wherein the female threaded area and the male threaded area cooperate with one another to establish an operating torque range control feature comprising a clearance between the male threaded area and the female threaded area, the clearance between the male threaded area and the female threaded area being configured to accommodate radially inward distortion of the outer ring so that torque is maintained within a predetermined range of 5% of the operating torque.

US Pat. No. 10,393,173

HALBACH-ARRAY LEVITATING PASSIVE MAGNETIC BEARING CONFIGURATION

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a rotor;
a first primary array comprising a first annular Halbach army attached to said rotor;
a support structure configured to lie stationary with respect to said rotor;
a second primary array comprising a second annular Halbach array attached to said support structure, wherein said first primary array and said second primary array are configured to interact magnetically one with another to provide a levitation force to said rotor;
a first secondary array comprising a third annular Halbach array attached to said rotor;
a second secondary array comprising a fourth annular Halbach array attached to said support structure, wherein said first secondary array and said second secondary array are configured to interact magnetically one with another to provide a force that is opposite to said levitation force to said rotor; and
an extra primary array comprising a fifth annular Halbach array configured to augment said levitation force, wherein said extra primary array is attached to said support structure.

US Pat. No. 10,393,146

VARIABLE PITCH VANE CONTROL RING BUSH RETENTION FOIL AND TURBOJET CONTAINING SAME

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. A foil made from a flexible metal material and to be fixed to an inside surface of a vane control ring with variable pitch for a turbojet, said control ring comprising a plurality of through holes each with an internal radial opening on a side of the inside surface of the control ring and an external radial opening on a side of an outside surface of the control ring, in each of which a bush can be housed to hold a pin of a control lever of one of the vanes, through the external radial opening of the hole, the foil having a length along a longitudinal direction and a width along a direction orthogonal to said longitudinal direction that are adapted to close the internal radial opening of at least one through hole in the control ring, said foil length being longer than the developed length of a determined angular sector of the control ring in which at least one pad of the control ring is located, at the angular sector at which the foil is to be fixed, and in which the foil contains an adapted hole to allow a pad support to pass through connecting the pad to the control ring, and wherein the foil adopts a determined shape in a section plane orthogonal to said longitudinal direction by which the foil can be fixed by click fitting onto the control ring at its inner surface.

US Pat. No. 10,393,143

COMPRESSOR WITH ANNULAR DIFFUSER HAVING FIRST VANES AND SECOND VANES

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A compressor that compresses a fluid flowing through a fluid flow path, the compressor comprising:an impeller rotatably disposed inside the fluid flow path, and
an annular diffuser disposed around the impeller, the diffuser decelerating the fluid ejected from the impeller in a centrifugal direction,
wherein the diffuser includes a first blade row, extending in a circumferential direction, and a second blade row, extending in the circumferential direction and located further in the centrifugal direction than is the first blade row,
wherein the number of second vanes included in the second blade row is twice the number of first vanes included in the first blade row or larger, and
wherein each first vane and an adjacent first vane do not define a throat therebetween, and
wherein a choke length of each first vane, denoted with “c”, an angle formed by each first vane and the centrifugal direction, denoted with “?”, and a distance between an inner end portion of each first vane in the centrifugal direction and an inner end portion of an adjacent first vane in the centrifugal direction, denoted with “S”, satisfy
c?S·sin ??M,
where “M” denotes a margin constant larger than zero.

US Pat. No. 10,393,132

COMPRESSOR USABLE WITHIN A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

1. A compressor for a gas turbine engine, comprising:a stator assembly formed from a plurality of stator vanes, wherein at least one stator vane is formed from a generally elongated airfoil having a leading edge, a trailing edge, a pressure side, a suction side, an endwall coupled to a first end and a tip extending radially inwardly and terminating proximate to a rotor assembly;
wherein the rotor assembly is formed from a rotor drum having a radially outer surface and a plurality of compressor blades wherein at least one compressor blade is formed from a generally elongated airfoil having a leading edge, a trailing edge, a pressure side, a suction side, a platform at a first end and a tip extending radially outwardly and terminating proximate to the stator assembly;
a pumping system positioned on the rotor outer surface of the rotor drum and aligned radially with at least one stator vane, wherein the pumping system includes at least one pumping component configured to pump air in an axially downstream direction to counteract reverse leakage flow at a gap formed between the stator vane tip and the radially outer surface of the rotor drum,
wherein the at least one pumping component comprises at least one cutout, wherein the cutout is positioned so that a downstream end of the cutout terminates in axially lateral alignment with the trailing edge of the stator vane and an upstream end of the cutout terminates in axially lateral alignment with the leading edge of the stator vane,
wherein at least a portion of the at least one cutout overlaps an axially extending axis from an end of an adjacent cutout, and
wherein the at least one cutout comprises a plurality of circumferentially spaced cutouts aligned into a row on the radially outer surface of the rotor drum and aligned relative to the at least one stator vane.

US Pat. No. 10,393,125

COOLING SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE-MOUNTED POWER CONTROL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DIAGNOSING ABNORMALITY IN COOLING SYSTEM

HINO MOTORS, LTD., Tokyo...

1. A cooling system comprising:a cooling device for cooling a power control unit of a vehicle, wherein the cooling device includes a rotating component for delivering cooling medium and a drive source for driving the rotating component; and
an electronic control device for controlling the cooling device, wherein
the electronic control device is configured to
store drive source diagnosis reference information that indicates an actual rotation speed acceptable range, wherein an actual rotation speed acceptable range is an acceptable range of an actual rotation speed for an instructed rotation speed, and the acceptable range increases along with an increase of a voltage value applied to the drive source,
obtain the acceptable range from the voltage value applied to the drive source and the instructed rotation speed based on the drive source diagnosis reference information,
when the actual rotation speed of the drive source is included in the obtained acceptable range, determine that the cooling device is in a normal state, and
when the actual rotation speed is not included in the acceptable range, determine that the cooling device is in an abnormal state.

US Pat. No. 10,393,119

FLUID COMPRESSOR HAVING DISCHARGE VALVE AND VALVE RETAINER

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A fluid compressor comprising:a closed container having an inlet;
a compression mechanism including a compression chamber in which fluid flowing into the closed container through the inlet is compressed;
a discharge port through which the fluid compressed in the compression chamber is allowed to flow;
a discharge valve opening and closing the discharge port, the discharge valve including:
a curved portion having an annular shape defined by one or more curvatures,
a tongue portion fixed to the compression mechanism and projecting inward from an inner periphery of the curved portion, and
a closing part of the curved portion provided at a position toward which the tongue portion projects being positioned above the discharge port; and
a valve retainer that includes a first end, a second end, and a middle section between the first end and the second end, the middle section of the valve retainer is directly attached to the tongue portion of the discharge valve, the first end of the valve retainer gradually extends from the middle section towards the discharge port and is spaced apart from the discharge port by a first height to delimit an amount of lift of the discharge valve when the discharge port is opened by the discharge valve,
when the discharge port is closed by the discharge valve, the first end of the valve retainer and the discharge valve being spaced apart from each other by the first height.

US Pat. No. 10,393,117

SCROLL COMPRESSOR

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A scroll compressor comprising:a partition plate that partitions an inside of a sealed container into a high-pressure space and a low-pressure space;
a fixed scroll adjacent to the partition plate;
an orbiting scroll that meshes with the fixed scroll to form a compression chamber;
a rotation restrictor that prevents rotation of the orbiting scroll;
a main bearing that supports the orbiting scroll;
a bearing coupler provided in the main bearing;
a scroll coupler provided in the fixed scroll; and a single pillar member having a lower end and an upper end, the lower end being inserted in the bearing coupler, the upper end being inserted in the scroll coupler,
wherein
the fixed scroll, the orbiting scroll, the rotation restrictor, and the main bearing are disposed in the low-pressure space,
the fixed scroll and the orbiting scroll are disposed between the partition plate and the main bearing, the lower end of the single pillar member and the bearing coupler are fixed together, and the upper end of the single pillar member and the scroll coupler are coupled together in a manner slidable in an axial direction,
a coupling region where the single pillar member couples with the scroll coupler is in intersecting relationship with a horizontal plane positioned at a center of a scroll wrap height of the fixed scroll,
the scroll compressor further comprises a suction inlet provided in the fixed scroll to provide communication between the compression chamber and the low-pressure space, and
wherein
a relationship expressed below is satisfied, where H is the scroll wrap height of the fixed scroll and R is a minimum distance between a center of the main bearing and an outer circumferential portion of a wrap edge of a fixed scroll wrap of the fixed scroll, the outer circumferential portion of the wrap edge of the fixed scroll wrap of the fixed scroll not overlapping the suction inlet in a radial direction when viewed from the center of the main bearing,
H?R.

US Pat. No. 10,393,111

PUMP WITH WEAR-RESISTANT BARREL AND PLUNGER HAVING COATING SUPPORT

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. A pumping mechanism comprising:a barrel formed of a barrel substrate and including:
a first end surface;
a second end surface opposite the first end surface; and
a bore between the first and second end surfaces;
wherein each of the first and second end surfaces and the bore is coated with a metal plating; and
a plunger formed of a plunger substrate and configured to be slidably disposed in the bore in barrel, the plunger substrate having a tribological coating.

US Pat. No. 10,393,110

PUMP CONNECTING THE INSIDE AND THE OUTSIDE OF A PRODUCT VESSEL

1. A pump to connect an inside and an outside of a pharmaceutical product vessel, comprising:an upstream product passage end extending into the vessel and being in fluid communication with the vessel such that fluid product flows into the pump via the upstream product passage end,
a nonreturn valve, downstream of the upstream end, switching between closure and product passage configurations, and
wherein the upstream end is extended upstream by a labyrinth-forming member forming a labyrinth-type product passage through which the fluid product can flow having an entrance and an exit, wherein the fluid product follows a path that successively changes direction at least twice between the entrance and the exit of the labyrinth-type passage.

US Pat. No. 10,393,108

REDUCING FLUID PRESSURE SPIKES IN A PUMPING SYSTEM

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a pumping system, comprising:
a plurality of pumps each comprising:
a drive shaft;
a prime mover operatively coupled with the drive shaft and operable to rotate the drive shaft;
a plurality of reciprocating members operable to pump a fluid;
a plurality of connecting rods operatively connecting the drive shaft with the plurality of reciprocating members; and
a pump fluid outlet; and
a control system, comprising:
a plurality of position sensors each associated with a corresponding one of the plurality of pumps, wherein each of the plurality of position sensors is operable to generate information relating to phase and/or speed of the corresponding one of the plurality of pumps;
a plurality of pressure sensors each associated with a corresponding one of the plurality of pumps, wherein each of the plurality of pressure sensors is operable to generate information relating to fluid pressure spikes at a corresponding pump fluid outlet; and
a controller in communication with the plurality of position sensors and the plurality of pressure sensors, wherein the controller is operable to cause each of the plurality of pumps to operate such that each fluid pressure spike at each pump fluid outlet is out of phase with respect to another fluid pressure spike at another pump fluid outlet, wherein the controller is further operable to correlate the occurrence of each fluid pressure spike to the phase of a corresponding one of the plurality of pumps, and wherein the controller causes each prime mover to control the phase of each of the plurality of pumps such that a phase difference is maintained between each fluid pressure spike at each fluid outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,393,100

CYLINDER HEAD ASSEMBLY FOR RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR

Emerson Climate Technolog...

1. A compressor comprising:a housing defining a cylinder, a mounting surface surrounding the cylinder, and a first valve seat that is recessed from the mounting surface;
a piston disposed within the housing and movable within the cylinder to define a compression chamber within the cylinder;
a valve plate mounted to the mounting surface and including a suction plenum, a suction passage providing fluid communication between the suction plenum and the cylinder, a second valve seat through which the suction passage extends, and a discharge passage extending through the valve plate; and
a suction valve having an annular main body and a plurality of lobes extending radially outward from the main body, the suction valve being movable between a first suction-valve-position in which the lobes are seated on the first valve seat to allow fluid flow through the suction passage and a second suction-valve-position in which the main body is seated on the second valve seat to restrict fluid flow through the suction passage, wherein the lobes are spaced apart from the first valve seat when the suction valve is in the second suction-valve-position, and wherein the lobes and the main body of the suction valve move axially between the first and second suction-valve-positions.

US Pat. No. 10,393,093

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ASSESSING THE PERFORMANCE IMPACT OF WIND TURBINE UPGRADES

General Electric Company,...

1. A method for assessing the performance impact of wind turbine upgrades, the method comprising:determining, with a computing device, a baseline power curve for a wind turbine prior to the wind turbine being upgraded;
determining a baseline wind speed transfer function for the wind turbine prior to the wind turbine being upgraded, the baseline wind speed transfer function relating a reference wind speed to a local wind speed for the wind turbine;
controlling an operation of the wind turbine after the wind turbine is upgraded while collecting data associated with the reference wind speed for the wind turbine from one or more reference wind sensors and the local wind speed for the wind turbine from one or more local wind speed sensors;
determining an upgraded wind speed transfer function for the wind turbine after the wind turbine is upgraded, the upgraded wind speed transfer function relating the reference wind speed to the local wind speed for the wind turbine measured after the wind turbine is upgraded;
determining a corrected local wind speed for the wind turbine based on the baseline and upgraded wind speed transfer functions;
determining an upgraded power curve for the wind turbine based on the corrected local wind speed; and
comparing the baseline power curve directly to the upgraded power curve in order to assess a performance impact provided to the upgraded wind turbine.

US Pat. No. 10,393,078

FUEL SUPPLY DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A fuel supply device comprising a tank lid to be fixed to a fuel tank, wherein the fuel supply device is driven through electrical driving of the fuel supply device to supply fuel from an inside of the fuel tank toward an outside of the fuel tank, wherein the tank lid includes:a lid main body that covers an opening portion of the fuel tank such that a lid front surface of the lid main body is exposed to the outside of the fuel tank;
a metal terminal that is for the electrical driving and penetrates through the lid main body between the inside and the outside of the fuel tank;
a connector that includes an outer tubular portion, which projects from the lid front surface to the outside of the fuel tank, wherein a bottomed tubular inner surface of the outer tubular portion surrounds the metal terminal; and
a resin coating film that is acid resistant and is dielectric, wherein the resin coating film is formed by dry coating through chemical vapor deposition at:
an outer exposed surface of the outer tubular portion, which includes the bottomed tubular inner surface of the outer tubular portion as a surface exposed to the outside of the fuel tank;
the lid front surface; and
an outer peripheral surface of a base side of the metal terminal, which projects from the bottomed tubular inner surface of the outer tubular portion, wherein the resin coating film continuously extends from the outer peripheral surface of the base side of the metal terminal to the bottomed tubular inner surface of the outer tubular portion.

US Pat. No. 10,393,070

METHOD AND SYSTEMS FOR GASEOUS AND LIQUID PROPANE INJECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:supplying liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) from a fuel rail to a direct injection injector that injects LPG directly into a cylinder of an engine; and
flowing LPG from the fuel rail to an intake fuel injector that is not a direct injection injector without returning LPG to a fuel tank, where the intake fuel injector injects LPG, from a position outside the cylinder, into an intake passage that feeds the cylinder, wherein the intake fuel injector comprises a port fuel injector that injects fuel into an intake port of the cylinder, and where flowing LPG from the fuel rail to the intake fuel injector comprises first flowing LPG from the fuel rail to a port injection fuel rail, and then flowing LPG from the port injection fuel rail to the intake fuel injector.

US Pat. No. 10,392,889

DOWNHOLE CABLE GRAB ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF USE

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A cable grab assembly to retrieve a broken cable from a well comprising:a body having a longitudinally extending internal cavity disposed therein;
a piston disposed in the cavity, the piston axially moveable between a first position and a second position;
at least two grab arms hingedly attached to a bottom end of the body;
a linkage assembly to operatively couple the piston and the at least two grab arms such that movement of the piston between the first position toward the second position causes the at least two grab arms to pivot inward from an open position toward a closed position;
a shear-pin engaged with the piston and the body to restrain the piston to the first position; and
at least one spring element disposed between the piston and an end of the cavity to shift the piston from the first position toward the second position to capture the broken cable when the shear-pin is sheared;
wherein the at least one spring shifts the piston from the first position toward the second position by decompressing.

US Pat. No. 10,392,767

MINERAL PRECIPITATION METHODS

Arizona Board of Regents ...

1. A mineral precipitation method, comprising:combining a porous starting material with:
(i) urease;
(ii) urea; and
(iii) a source of divalent cations;
wherein (i), (ii), and (iii) are provided in an aqueous solution;
wherein the aqueous solution further comprises a clay slurry; and
wherein (i), (ii), and (iii) are provided in amounts effective to, and the combining is carried out under conditions suitable to, cause carbonate precipitation of the starting material.

US Pat. No. 10,392,765

FLAP GATE DRAINAGE SYSTEMS

1. A flap gate comprising:a first door coupled with a first hinge and a second door coupled with a second hinge, wherein the first door and the second door together form a continuous concave surface; and
a structural element having a through-hole, wherein the first hinge and the second hinge couple with the structural element,
wherein the first door and the second door rest against a first side of the structural element to cover the through-hole, and wherein a second side of the structural element opposite has a concave shape having a radius of curvature that is substantially similar to a radius of curvature of an interior wall of a cylindrical structure, the second side of the structural element configured for mating with the interior wall of the cylindrical structure.

US Pat. No. 10,392,738

CLOTHES TREATING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for controlling a clothes treating apparatus comprising a manipulation knob, a main course selection interface having data identify a plurality of courses displayed on a circumference of the manipulation knob, a memory to store information identifying numbers of times each of the plurality of courses is selected through the main course selection interface, and a controller to drive the clothes treating apparatus in accordance with an input received through the manipulation knob, the method comprising the steps of:activating the clothes treating apparatus;
determining whether one or more of the courses were previously selected through the main course selection interface a prescribed number of times or more during a prescribed period;
displaying the one or more of the courses which were previously selected through the main course selection interface the prescribed number of times or more during the prescribed period;
receiving a selection of one of the one or more displayed courses through rotation of the manipulation knob, wherein the controller drives the clothes treating apparatus based on the selection;
after displaying the one or more courses selected the prescribed number of times or more on the main course selection interface, determining when the manipulation knob is rotated by a prescribed angle or more; and
modifying, when the manipulation knob is rotated by a prescribed angle or more, the main course selection interface such that all of the plurality of courses are concurrently displayed on the main course selection interface.

US Pat. No. 10,392,737

LAUNDRY TREATING APPARATUS

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A laundry treating apparatus, comprising:a cabinet having a laundry opening formed therein,
a door mounted to a front of the cabinet to open and close the laundry opening;
a control panel arranged on the cabinet above the door, wherein the control panel includes a front plate;
a control panel body that projects forward from the front plate, wherein a front side of the control panel body is sloped to face in an upward direction of the laundry treatment device and is provided in front of a front side of the cabinet, where in the control panel body includes:
a front body that projects forward from the front plate;
a window arranged on the front body and covering an entirety of a front side of the front body, a front side of the window being sloped to face in an upward direction; and
and a deco that surrounds an upper side, a lower side, and at least one of two opposite sides of the front body and surrounds an upper side, a lower side, and at least one of two opposite sides of the window,
wherein the door includes an outer frame that forms an exterior appearance of the door, wherein the outer frame is positioned such that at least a portion of the outer frame projects outside of the cabinet when the door is closed, and wherein a portion of the outer frame faces a lower side of the control panel body in a vertical direction of the laundry treatment apparatus, and
wherein the front body forms a space therein, wherein the control panel further includes a printed circuit board (PCB) assembly, and wherein at least a portion of the PCB assembly is inserted into the space.

US Pat. No. 10,392,727

NANOFIBER MANUFACTURING-APPARATUS NOZZLE HEAD AND NANOFIBER MANUFACTURING APPARATUS WITH THE SAME

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A nanofiber manufacturing-apparatus nozzle head, comprising a plurality of holes, a solution being ejected from the holes, the holes being arranged on a straight line passing through a center of a face of the nozzle head,wherein the holes include:
a first hole,
a second hole,
a third hole being located between the first hole and the second hole and being adjacent to the first hole, and
a fourth hole being located between the second hole and the third hole and being adjacent to the second hole and the third hole, a first interval between the first hole and the third hole is larger than a second interval between the third hole and the fourth hole, the second interval is larger than a third interval between the second hole and the fourth hole.

US Pat. No. 10,392,555

NANOPARTICLE DESIGN FOR ENHANCED OIL RECOVERY

International Business Ma...

1. A method for selecting a nanoparticle to support oil extraction in a subterranean formation comprising:determining one or more environmental conditions of the subterranean formation;
determining a set of nanoparticle parameters based on the one or more environmental conditions,
wherein a nanoparticle having one or more nanoparticle parameters from the set of nanoparticle parameters displaces a volume of water greater than another volume of oil at equilibrium at an oil-water interface under the one or more environmental conditions;
wherein the set of nanoparticle parameters comprise at least one of composition, size, or shape;
determining a subset of nanoparticle parameters selected from the initial set of nanoparticle parameters, wherein a nanoparticle having the subset of nanoparticle parameters conforms to a performance criteria, wherein the performance criteria comprises one or more of the following:
a contact angle between the nanoparticle and the oil-water interface of a spherical nanoparticle ranging from approximately 70 degrees to approximately 89 degrees,
a free energy profile of the nanoparticle at the oil-water interface indicating an oil in water emulsion,
a nanoparticle arrangement at the oil-water interface,
a nanoparticle diffusion coefficient at the oil-water interface,
a maximum emulsification rate of the oil in the water,
a maximum spreading force or a structural disjoining pressure for displacement of the oil from a solid surface, or
a formation of a wedge film at a three phase contact line at the oil, the water and a rock interface; and
selecting the nanoparticle having the subset of nanoparticle parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,392,548

COMPOSITE MATERIAL PART HAVING A THERMALLY AND ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE PORTION, AND A METHOD OF FABRICATING SUCH A PART

SAFRAN, Paris (FR)

1. A composite material part comprising:reinforcement made of carbon fibers or yarns consolidated by an organic matrix, the reinforcement comprising warp yarns or fibers and weft yarns or fibers woven together,
wherein said composite material part includes one or more thermally conductive portions in which the carbon fibers or yarns are free of matrix,
wherein the matrix-free carbon fiber or yarn portions are in contact with a material that is thermally conductive, and
wherein the material that is thermally conductive is situated in porosities between the carbon fibers or yarns free of matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,392,536

PRESSURE-SENSITIVE ADHESIVE COMPOSITION, PRESSURE-SENSITIVE ADHESIVE FILM, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ORGANIC ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. A pressure-sensitive adhesive composition, comprising:an encapsulating resin which is a copolymer of a diene and an olefin-based compound having one carbon-carbon double bond, wherein the encapsulating resin has a weight average molecular weight (Mw) of 100,000 to 2,000,000;
a tackifier;
a multifunctional active energy ray-polymerizable compound which is included at 5 to 18 parts by weight relative to 100 parts by weight of the encapsulating resin; and
a silane compound satisfying Formula 1,
wherein the pressure-sensitive adhesive composition has a gel content represented by Equation 1 of 50% or more, and
wherein the multifunctional active energy ray-polymerizable compound forms a crosslinking structure with the silane compound satisfying Formula 1, and the crosslinking structure forms a semi-interpenetrating polymer network with the encapsulating resin:

wherein R1 is hydrogen or an alkyl group, R2 and R3 are each independently hydrogen, or a linear, branched, or cyclic alkyl group, or R2 is linked with R3, thereby forming a cyclic alkyl group, R4, R5, and R6 are each independently hydrogen, an alkyl group, or an alkoxy group, at least one of R4, R5, and R6 is an alkoxy group, and n is an integer of 1 or more,
Gel content (%)=B/A×100  [Equation 1]
wherein A is a mass of the pressure-sensitive adhesive composition, and B is a dry mass of an insoluble content of the pressure-sensitive adhesive composition remaining after being dipped in toluene at 60° C. for 24 hours and filtered through a 200-mesh filter (pore size of 200 ?m).

US Pat. No. 10,392,517

OPTICAL ARTICLE COMPRISING AN ELECTRICALLY CONDUCTIVE LAYER, AND PRODUCTION METHOD

ESSILOR INTERNATIONAL, C...

1. A curable antistatic primer composition comprising:at least one polyalkylene oxide polymer;
at least a lithium salt; and
at least an amorphizer comprising at least a dendritic polymer wherein the composition is further defined as having a weight ratio of (dry extract of said dendritic polymer)/(dry extract of said polyalkylene oxide polymer) ranging from 0.05 to 1.5.

US Pat. No. 10,392,506

POLYCARBONATE COMPOSITIONS FOR GALVANIC APPLICATIONS HAVING A HIGH REQUIREMENT FOR HEAT DISTORTION POINT

Covestro Deutschland AG, ...

1. An article consisting of a plastics carrier and a multi-ply metal layer applied via a galvanizing process, wherein the plastics carrier is produced from a composition consisting ofA) 70 to 90 parts by weight of at least one polycarbonate,
B) 10 to 30 parts by weight of at least one graft polymer comprising a diene-containing elastomeric particulate graft base and a vinyl (co)polymer sheath,
C) 0 to 15 parts by weight of at least one additive,
wherein the sum of the parts by weight of components A) and B) in the composition is normalized to 100,
(i) characterized in that the rubber content from component B in the composition is at least 6 wt %,
(ii) characterized in that the ratio K/S of the weight fractions of diene-containing elastomeric particulate graft base from component B) in the composition (?K) to the sum of free vinyl (co)polymer from component B) and any free vinyl (co)polymer from component C) in the composition (?S) is at least 1.5,
(iii) characterized in that component A) comprises at least one monomer unit selected from the group consisting of monomer units described by general formula (2)

 in which
R4 represents H, linear or branched C1-C10 alkyl, and
R5 represents linear or branched C1-C10 alkyl, and at least one monomer unit derived from 1,1-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)-3,3?,5-trimethylcyclohexane,
(iv) characterized in that the proportion (Acyc) of monomer units derived from bis(4-hydroxyphenyl) compounds and bridged via the 1,1?-position of a cyclic hydrocarbon optionally substituted with heteroatoms based on the sum of all monomer units derived from bisphenols in component A) is in the range from 5 to 40 wt % and
(v) characterized in that component A) has a relative solution viscosity of 1.20 to 1.28 determined according to DIN 51562 in methylene chloride.

US Pat. No. 10,392,484

CELLULOSE ACYLATE FILM, PRODUCTION METHOD OF CELLULOSE ACYLATE FILM, STACK, POLARIZING PLATE, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A cellulose acylate film comprising cellulose acylate and a compound A which is represented by the following formula (J) which has a group represented by the following formula (G) and in which a value obtained by dividing a molecular weight of the compound by a number of the groups represented by formula (G) contained in the compound is 200 or less, wherein a content of the compound A is 15% by weight or more based on a content of the cellulose acylate, an iodine diffusion index X is less than 0.005 and an iodine diffusion index Y is 0.015 or more:Z-(-L12-L11-O-G)n1  Formula (J)
wherein
L11 represents an alkylene group,
L12 represents a single bond, any of —O—, —NR1—, —S— and —C(?O)— or a group formed by a combination of these groups, R1 represents a hydrogen atom or a substituent,
Z represents an n1-valent group,
n1 represents an integer of 2 to 6 and when plural L11 and L12 are present, plural L11 and L12 may be the same or different from each other, and
G represents the group represented by formula (G):

where in formula (G), * represents a connecting site;
the iodine diffusion index X is a value determined in the following manner:
the cellulose acylate film is immersed in an aqueous solution (a) containing 5.4 mg/L of potassium iodide and 0.36 mg/L of iodine at 60° C. for 30 minutes, absorbance D0 of the cellulose acylate film at a wavelength of 360 nm before the immersion in the aqueous solution (a) and absorbance DX of the cellulose acylate film at a wavelength of 360 nm after the immersion in the aqueous solution (a) are measured, and from the absorbance D0 and the absorbance DX, the iodine diffusion index X is calculated according to the following formula (1):
Iodine diffusion index X=(absorbance DX?absorbance D0)/ thickness (?m) of cellulose acylate film;  Formula (1)
the iodine diffusion index Y is a value determined in the following manner:
a sample in which an iodine blocking member is stacked on one side of the cellulose acylate film and a sample in which an iodine blocking member is stacked on an other side of the cellulose acylate film are prepared, each of the samples is immersed in the aqueous solution (a) at 60° C. for 1 minute, the iodine blocking member is peeled off from the cellulose acylate film, absorbance of each of the cellulose acylate films at a wavelength of 360 nm is measured, and of the absorbances, the larger value is taken as absorbance DY and the iodine diffusion index Y is calculated according to the following formula (2):
Iodine diffusion index Y=absorbance DY?absorbance D0  Formula (2).

US Pat. No. 10,392,470

POLYESTER NANOGEL CORE STAR POLYMERS FOR DELIVERY OF THERAPEUTIC AGENTS

International Business Ma...

1. A nanogel star polymer, comprising:a crosslinked hydrophobic polyester core C?; and
6 to 50 independent linear block copolymer arms, each of the arms comprising i) a hydrophilic PEG block P? comprising a poly(ethylene oxide) chain and ii) a hydrophobic polyester block P?, a first end unit of the polyester block linked to the PEG block, a second end unit of the polyester block linked to the core C?, wherein the polyester block P? comprises an ester repeat unit of structure

US Pat. No. 10,392,460

PROCESS FOR PRODUCING GRAFT COPOLYMERS ON POLYOLEFIN BACKBONE

BOREALIS AG, Vienna (AT)...

1. A process of producing a modified olefin polymer (X) comprising a free-radical polymerisable monomer grafted to a polyolefin backbone in an extruder, which process comprises: contacting, in an extruder, an olefin polymer (A) and the free-radical polymeriseable monomer (D) and optionally a free-radical generator (C) to produce a mixture; extruding the mixture in the extruder in the presence of a stable nitroxide radical (B) that is formed by decomposition of an alkoxyamine (F) added to the extruder together with the olefin polymer (A) and, when included, the free-radical generator (C), thereby graft copolymerising the free-radical polymerisable monomer (D) to the olefin polymer (A) to produce the modified polymer composition (X); recovering the modified olefin polymer (X) from the extruder; and cooling the modified olefin polymer (X);wherein the free-radical polymerisable monomer (D) is an unsaturated hydrolysable silane compound or a mixture of unsaturated hydrolysable silane compounds;
and wherein the alkoxyamine (F) has the formula

wherein each R is independently a linear or branched alkyl group haying from 1 to 3 carbon atoms and R1 is one of a hydrogen atom, an alkali metal, NH4+, Bu4N+ or Bu3NH+, where Bu denotes a butyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,392,449

POLYMERIZATION INITIATOR, MODIFIED CONJUGATED DIENE-BASED POLYMER, AND METHODS FOR PREPARING THEM

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A polymerization initiator comprising a compound represented by the following Formula 1:
in Formula 1,
Cy is a cyclic saturated hydrocarbon group having from 5 to 8 carbon atoms, which is unsubstituted or substituted with an alkyl group having from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and A1 and A2 are each independently a functional group represented by the following Formula 2:

in Formula 2,
R is a linear hydrocarbon group having from 1 to 20 carbon atoms, or a monocyclic or multicyclic saturated hydrocarbon group having from 3 to 20 carbon atoms, X is a divalent hydrocarbon group having from 1 to 5 carbon atoms, M is an alkali metal, and a is 0 or 1.

US Pat. No. 10,392,412

PLATINUM ANTICANCER AGENTS

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. A compound, or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, having the formula:
wherein R1 is independently hydrogen, halogen, —CY13, —CN, —SR9, —OSO2R8, —OSO3H, —NH2NH2, —ONR6R7, —NH2C(O)NHNH2, —C(O)R8, —C(O)NR6R7, —NH2C(O)NR6R7, —NR6R7, —OC(O)R8, —OC(O)NR6R7, —OR9, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;
R2 is independently halogen, —CY23, —CN, —SOqR10, —SOuNR11R12, —NHNH2, —ONR11R12, —NHC?(O)NHNH2, —NHC?(O)NR11R12, —N(O)m, —NR11R12, —C(O)R13, —C(O)—OR13, —C(O)NR11R12, —OR10, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;
two adjacent R2 substituents may optionally be joined to form a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;
R3 is an unsubstituted C1-C4 alkyl or H;
R4, R5 and R32 are independently halogen,
—N3, —SCN, or —CN;R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, R11, R12, and R13 are independently hydrogen, substituted or unsubstituted alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted heteroalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;
z is an integer from 0 to 4;
u is independently an integer from 1 to 2;
m is independently an integer from 1 to 2;
q is independently an integer from 0 to 4;
Y1 and Y2 are independently —Cl, —Br, —I, or —F.

US Pat. No. 10,392,403

PROCESS FOR PREPARING THIENOPYRIMIDINE COMPOUND AND INTERMEDIATES USED THEREIN

HANMI PHARM. CO., LTD., ...

1. A method for preparing the compound of Formula 1, comprising steps of:1) subjecting the compound of Formula 3 to a reaction with the compound of Formula 4 in an organic solvent under the presence of a base to obtain the compound of Formula 2; and
2) subjecting the compound of Formula 2 to a reaction with the compound of Formula 5 in an organic solvent under the presence of an acid to obtain the compound of Formula 1:

US Pat. No. 10,392,395

NITROGEN-CONTAINING AROMATIC COMPOUNDS AND METAL COMPLEXES

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY...

1. An aromatic compound comprising 2 or more covalently-bound sections, the aromatic compound containing no metal atoms, satisfying the following conditions (a) and (b):(a) individually, each of the 2 or more sections, which may be the same or different, includes at least 4 coordinatable nitrogen atoms, and the at least 4 coordinatable nitrogen atoms in each individual section are coordinatable with a single metal atom within each individual section,
(b) at least one of the nitrogen atoms in each individual section is a nitrogen atom in a 6-membered nitrogen-containing heterocyclic ring,
wherein the sections are selected from the group consisting of sections represented by the following formulae:

wherein

 represents a bond in an aromatic ring;
wherein each P1A, P1B and P1C is part of a first polycyclic aromatic heterocyclic ring comprising two 6-membered aromatic rings, at least one of which is a heterocyclic ring; each P2A, P2B and P2C is part of a second polycyclic aromatic heterocyclic ring comprising two 6-membered aromatic rings, at least one of which is a heterocyclic ring; each W1A and W1B is part of a first 5-membered heterocyclic ring; and each W2A and W2B is part of a second 5-membered heterocyclic ring; and wherein hydrogens therein may be substituted with halogeno, hydroxy, carboxyl, mercapto, sulfonic acid, nitro, amino, cyano, phosphonic acid, silyl substituted with C1-4 alkyl, C1-50 straight-chain or branched alkyl, C3-50 cyclic alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, C6-60 aryl, C7-50 aralkyl, or monovalent heterocyclic groups, and
wherein:
W1A and W1B can form a 5-membered ring with each other;
W2A and W2B can form a 5-membered ring with each other;
P1A and P1B can form a 6-membered ring with each other;
P1B and P1C can form a 6-membered ring with each other;
P2A and P2B can form a 6-membered ring with each other;
P2B and P2C can form a 6-membered ring with each other; and
P1C and P2A can form a 6-membered ring with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,392,385

N-((1-PHENYL-9H-PYRIDO[3,4-B]INDOL-3-YL)METHYL)CINNAMAMIDES AS POTENTIAL ANTICANCER AGENTS AND PREPARATION THEREOF

1. N-((1-phenyl-9H-pyrido[3,4-b]indol-3-yl)methyl) cinnamamides of formula A:
wherein
R1=3-F, 3,4,5-OMe, 4-OMe, H, 4-CF3, 4-Cl, 4-OH-3-OMe, 3,4-CH2—O—CH2, 3,5-F, 4-OH, 1-napthyl, 9-phenanthryl, or 4-Me, and
R2=3,4,5-OMe, 3,4-Cl, 4-F, 3,5-F, 2,5-OMe, 4-Cl, 4-OH-3-OMe, 3-OH, 3,4,5-OH, 4-CF3, 4-OMe, or 4-NH2.

US Pat. No. 10,392,354

HIGHLY SELECTIVE ANTI-CANCER AGENTS TARGETING NON-SMALL CELL LUNG CANCER AND OTHER FORMS OF CANCER

The University of Toledo,...

1. A method of treating a mammalian disease comprising administering a therapeutically effective amount of a pharmaceutical composition to a subject in need thereof, wherein the pharmaceutical composition comprises a compound of the following structural formula:wherein:n=1 or 2;
X is N or CH;
Y is S, O, or NH;
R is selected from the group consisting of:
?O;
2H;
—OR3, wherein R3 is hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, glycosyl, or polyether groups;
(CO)OR4, wherein R4 is hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, or aralkyl groups;
—NR5R6, wherein R5 and R6 are H, alkyl, aryl, or aralkyl groups; and,
?N—OR7, wherein R7 is hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, aralkyl, glycosyl, or polyether groups;
R1 is hydrogen, alkyl-, aryl-, or aralkyl;
Z is absent or selected from the group consisting of:
halide, wherein R2 is absent;
oxygen;
nitrogen, wherein there are two R2 groups;
(CO)O—; O(CO)—; O(CO)O—;
(CO)N<, wherein there are two R2 groups; and,
NH(CO)—; and NH(CO)N<, wherein there are two R2 groups;
wherein where Z is absent, R2 connects directly to a ring; and
R2 is hydrogen, alkyl-, aryl-, aralkyl-, glycosyl-, or polyether-, wherein multiple occurrences of R2 are the same or different;
or a prodrug, salt, stereoisomer, racemate, solvate, or hydrate thereof;
wherein the mammalian disease is a cancer.

US Pat. No. 10,392,342

USE OF AGGREGATION-INDUCED EMISSION COMPOUNDS IN DISPERSION DETECTING OF NANOPARTICLES

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A use of aggregation-induced emission compounds in dispersion detecting of nanoparticles, wherein the dispersion detecting of nanoparticles comprises:modifying the aggregation-induced emission compounds on surfaces of the nanoparticles to obtain a modified nanoparticles solution; and
exciting the modified nanoparticles solution and determining dispersion of the nanoparticles by a luminescence intensity of the modified nanoparticles solution, wherein
in response to determining the luminescence intensity of the modified nanoparticles solution after being excited is lower than a first luminescence intensity, the nanoparticles are determined to be in a dispersed state; and
in response to determining that the luminescence intensity of the modified nanoparticles solution after being excited is above a second luminescence intensity, the nanoparticles are determined to be in an aggregated state or a coagulated state.

US Pat. No. 10,392,322

PROCESS AND APPARATUS FOR RECOVERING AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS

ExxonMobil Chemical Paten...

1. A process for recovering aromatic hydrocarbons comprising benzene, toluene, and/or xylenes from a naphtha stream comprising aromatic and non-aromatic hydrocarbons, the process comprising:(a) providing a naphtha stream comprising aromatic and non-aromatic hydrocarbons and C9+ hydrocarbons to a first stage hydrofiner to remove dienes and styrenes and to produce a first stage hydrofiner effluent stream;
(b) passing said first stage hydrofiner effluent stream to a divided wall column to recover a C6+ hydrocarbon stream, wherein the divided-wall column has a dividing wall that allows liquid to pass through in the bottom portion thereof;
(c) passing said C6+ hydrocarbon stream through a second stage hydrofiner to produce a second stage hydrofiner effluent stream;
(d) recycling said second stage hydrofiner effluent stream back to said divided wall column;
(e) recovering a twice hydrofined C6+ hydrocarbon stream from a side location above the bottom portion of said divided wall column;
(f) passing said twice hydrofined C6+ hydrocarbon stream to an extractive distillation unit to recover a product comprising benzene, toluene and/or xylenes; and
(g) obtaining a gas oil stream from the bottom portion of the divided wall column.

US Pat. No. 10,392,308

FIRE RETARDANT CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

1. A method for making magnesium oxychloride boards, comprising:mixing a magnesium oxychloride slurry, comprising:
directing magnesium chloride, magnesium oxide, at least one phosphate, at least one inorganic salt, and water into a mixer; and
mixing the magnesium chloride, magnesium oxide, phosphate, inorganic salt and water to form a slurry in the mixer;
mixing at least one filler with the slurry;
directing the slurry to a mold and filling the mold with the slurry to form a magnesium oxychloride board;
curing the magnesium oxychloride board;
directing the slurry to a second mold and filling the mold with the slurry to form a second magnesium oxychloride board;
curing the second magnesium oxychloride board; and
combining the first magnesium oxychloride board with the second magnesium oxychloride board to make a multiple-layered board.

US Pat. No. 10,392,291

METHOD OF MAKING AN OPTICAL FIBER PREFORM AND HANDLE FOR USE IN MAKING OF OPTICAL FIBER PREFORM

CORNING INCORPORATED, Co...

1. A method for forming an optical fiber preform, the method comprising:inserting a glass core cane into a glass sleeve such that the glass sleeve surrounds a portion of the glass core cane and such that there is a gap between the glass sleeve and the portion of the glass core surrounded by the glass sleeve, the glass sleeve having an inner diameter that is greater than an outer diameter of the glass core cane;
inserting a removable insert in the gap between the glass sleeve and the portion of the glass core cane surrounded by the glass sleeve, the removable insert having a length at least equal to the length of the glass sleeve,
depositing silica soot onto at least a portion of the glass core cane and at least a portion of the glass sleeve to form a silica soot preform; and
flowing gas through the gap during processing of the silica soot preform.

US Pat. No. 10,392,290

PROCESSING 3D SHAPED TRANSPARENT BRITTLE SUBSTRATE

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A glass article having a 3D surface, the glass article having at least one edge having a plurality of defect lines extending at least 250 microns, the defect lines each having a diameter less than or equal to about 5 microns.

US Pat. No. 10,392,288

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REDUCING SHEET WIDTH ATTENUATION OF SHEET GLASS

Corning Incorporated, Co...

22. An apparatus for longitudinally drawing a viscous glass ribbon having a first side and an opposing second side, a first edge and an opposing second edge, and a width defined by a distance between the first and second edges, comprising:a first pair of edge rolls configured to contact the viscous glass ribbon along the first and second sides near the first edge; and
a second pair of edge rolls configured to contact the viscous glass ribbon along the first and second sides near the second edge,
wherein the first and second pair of edge rolls maintain a substantially consistent longitudinal velocity increase of the viscous glass ribbon in a substantially parallel manner across the width of the viscous glass ribbon downstream of the first and second pair of edge rolls.

US Pat. No. 10,392,285

SUBMERGED COMBUSTION MELTERS HAVING AN EXTENDED TREATMENT ZONE AND METHODS OF PRODUCING MOLTEN GLASS

Johns Manville, Denver, ...

1. A submerged combustion melter comprising:a floor, a roof, and a sidewall structure connecting the floor and roof defining an internal space, a first portion of the internal space comprising a melting zone, a second portion of the internal space defining a fining zone downstream of the melting zone, and a third portion of the internal space comprising a treating zone downstream of the melting zone and upstream of the fining zone, the treating zone comprising one or more apparatus configured to inject a treating composition into a molten mass of glass containing bubbles in the treating zone, the treating zone and the fining zone devoid of submerged combustion burners and other apparatus that would increase turbulence above that in the melting zone;
one or more combustion burners in either the floor, the roof, the sidewall structure, or any two or more of these, producing combustion gases and configured to emit the combustion gases from a position under a level of, and positioned to transfer heat to and produce, a turbulent molten mass of glass containing bubbles in the melting zone;
a skimmer having distal end adapted to extend to a point just above a level of molten mass of glass exiting the fining zone to hold back a portion of foam floating on the molten mass of glass flowing out of the fining zone;
the submerged combustion melter comprising a geometry whereby the level of the molten glass is substantially equivalent in the melting zone, the treatment zone, and the fining zone, wherein the floor in the melting zone is substantially horizontal and the floor in the fining zone is angled upward at an angle ? with respect to the substantially horizontal floor in the melting zone so that the floor in the fining zone is angled upward relative to horizontal beginning at an entrance to the fining zone and extending to an exit of the fining zone and rises uniformly from the depth of the substantially horizontal floor in the melting zone to a final depth that is at least 10 percent less than the depth of the substantially horizontal floor in the melting zone.

US Pat. No. 10,392,284

COMBUSTION METHOD FOR LOW VELOCITY REACTANT STREAMS

PRAXAIR TECHNOLOGY, INC.,...

1. A method of carrying out combustion in a furnace, comprising(A) combusting fuel in a furnace to produce gaseous combustion products; and
(B) alternately
(1) (i) passing a portion of the gaseous combustion products into and through a cooled first regenerator to heat the first regenerator and cool said portion of the gaseous combustion products,
(ii) passing at least part of said cooled portion of gaseous combustion products from said first regenerator, and fuel, into a heated second regenerator and, in the second regenerator, reacting the gaseous combustion products and the fuel in an endothermic reaction in the second regenerator to form syngas comprising hydrogen and CO,
(iii) passing said syngas formed in the second regenerator at a velocity less than 50 feet per second into a first duct having an outlet that is connected to the interior of the furnace,
(iv) injecting at least one stream of motive gas having a velocity of at least 100 feet per second from a nozzle in the first duct having an internal diameter D into the syngas in the first duct at an upstream distance L from the interior wall of the furnace wherein the mass flow rate of the motive gas injected into the syngas is less than 60% of the mass flow rate of the syngas into which the motive gas is injected,
under conditions such that the value of (L/D)×(N/R) is from 4 to 25, wherein N is the number of streams of motive gas injected into the syngas in the first duct and R is the ratio of the total mass flow rate of syngas passed into the first duct to the total mass flow rate of the stream, or all of the streams, of motive gas injected into the first duct, thereby entraining the syngas into the motive gas stream in the first duct and forming in the first duct at least one mixed stream comprising a mixture of the syngas and the motive gas and having a velocity greater than 50 feet per second, and
(v) passing said mixed stream at a velocity of greater than 50 feet per second from said first duct into said furnace and combusting the mixed stream with one or more oxidant streams injected into said furnace; and
(2) (i) passing a portion of the gaseous combustion products into and through a cooled second regenerator to heat the second regenerator and cool said portion of the gaseous combustion products,
(ii) passing at least part of said cooled portion of gaseous combustion products from said second regenerator, and fuel, into a heated first regenerator and, in the first regenerator, reacting the gaseous combustion products and the fuel in an endothermic reaction in the first regenerator to form syngas comprising hydrogen and CO,
(iii) passing said syngas formed in the first regenerator at a velocity less than 50 feet per second into a second duct having an outlet that is connected to the interior of the furnace,
(iv) injecting at least one stream of motive gas having a velocity of at least 100 feet per second from a nozzle in the duct having an internal diameter D into the syngas in the second duct at an upstream distance L from the interior wall of the furnace wherein the mass flow rate of the motive gas injected into the syngas is less than 60% of the mass flow rate of the syngas into which the motive gas is injected,
under conditions such that the value of (L/D)×(N/R) is from 4 to 25, wherein N is the number of streams of motive gas injected into the syngas in the second duct and R is the ratio of the total mass flow rate of syngas passed into the second duct to the total mass flow rate of the stream, or all of the streams, of motive gas injected into the second duct, thereby entraining the syngas into the motive gas stream in the second duct and forming in the second duct at least one mixed stream comprising a mixture of the syngas and the motive gas and having a velocity greater than 50 feet per second, and
(v) passing said mixed stream at a velocity of greater than 50 feet per second from said second duct into said furnace and combusting the mixed stream with one or more oxidant streams injected into said furnace.

US Pat. No. 10,392,282

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTROCOAGULATION

1. An electrocoagulation apparatus for removing contaminants from water, the apparatus comprising:a tank having a first end, a second end and side walls extending between the first end and the second end;
a first plurality of electrolytic cells provided in the tank, the first plurality of electrolytic cells forming a first stage;
a second plurality of electrolytic cells provided in the tank, the second plurality of electrolytic cells forming a second stage;
a first baffle provided between the first end of the tank and the first plurality of electrolytic cells in the first stage, the first baffle positioned in the tank to direct water introduced into the tank at the first end through the electrolytic cells in the first stage;
a second baffle provided between the first plurality of electrolytic cells in the first stage and the second plurality of electrolytic cells in the second stage, the second baffle positioned to prevent water in the first stage that has not passed through at least one of the first plurality of electrolytic cells in the first stage from entering the second plurality of electrolytic cells in the second stage;
a voltage supply connected to each electrolytic cell, and
a blanketing system operative to monitor the amount of oxygen in the tank and injecting an inert gas into the tank when the oxygen reaches a predetermined level;
wherein each electrolytic cell comprises:
an enclosure; and
a plurality of substantially parallel spaced-apart electrode plates provided in the enclosure, each electrode plate oriented substantially parallel to the side walls,
wherein the enclosure surrounds the plurality of substantially parallel spaced apart electrode plates, and wherein an opening is provided in a bottom of each enclosure, the opening positioned above a bottom of the tank, and wherein a top of each enclosure is open,
wherein the voltage supply is connected across adjacent electrode plates to form anode/cathode electrode pairs,
wherein each electrode plate has a main body and a tab extending above a portion of the main body, and
wherein water entering the electrocoagulation apparatus at the first end will pass through the first baffle before passing through the first stage, then through the second baffle and then through the second stage before exiting the electrocoagulation apparatus at the second end.

US Pat. No. 10,392,274

DEVICE FOR ELECTROCOAGULATION AND PROCESS

1. An electrocoagulation device configured to treat a process stream, the device comprising:a cathode;
a sacrificial anode consisting of a compacted powder comprising iron and having a porosity between 11 and 62% by volume, wherein said anode is porous and water permeable;
a pressure system, wherein the pressure system is configured for the process stream to flow through said anode,
wherein said anode has a first side and an opposite second side, wherein the process stream flows from the first side through said anode to the second side,
wherein a pressure of the process stream on the second side is less than the pressure on the first side, such that a pressure differential is at least 6.9 kPa (1 psi).

US Pat. No. 10,392,273

ION EXCHANGE MEMBRANE, ION EXCHANGE MEMBRANE LAMINATED BODY PROVIDED WITH ION EXCHANGE MEMBRANE, ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL PROVIDED WITH ION EXCHANGE MEMBRANE LAMINATED BODY, AND WATER TREATMENT APPARATUS PROVIDED WITH ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. An electrochemical cell comprising:an ion exchange membrane laminated body;
electrodes which are disposed such that an anode and a cathode are opposed to each other; and
a partitioning board which has water permeability,
wherein the ion exchange membrane laminated body is disposed between the electrodes,
the ion exchange membranes are laminated in a direction orthogonal with respect to a vertical direction,
two or more of the ion exchange membrane laminated bodies are disposed to be lined up when viewed from a lamination direction of the ion exchange membranes,
the partitioning board is installed between two adjacent ones of the ion exchange membrane laminated bodies, and
the ion exchange membrane laminated body comprises:
two or more ion exchange membranes that are laminated to be opposed; and
a spacer member which is disposed between two adjacent ones of the ion exchange membranes and having a communicating structure between front and rear surfaces,
each of the two or more ion exchange membranes comprising:
a first cation exchange composition which has a cation exchange group, and which is formed in a sheet form, and through which water does not easily permeate;
a first anion exchange composition which is disposed to be in contact with the first cation exchange composition, which has an anion exchange group, and which is formed in a sheet form, and through which water does not easily permeate;
a second cation exchange composition which has a cation exchange group, is formed in a sheet form, and which is disposed to be opposed to the first cation exchange composition, and through which water permeates more easily than in the first cation exchange composition; and
a second anion exchange composition which has an anion exchange group, which is formed in a sheet form, and which is disposed to be opposed to the first anion exchange composition, and through which water permeates more easily than in the first anion exchange composition.

US Pat. No. 10,392,272

MODULATION OF ION TRANSPORT IN A LIQUID BY APPLICATION OF AN ELECTRIC POTENTIAL ON A MESOPOROUS CARBON MEMBRANE

UT-Battelle, LLC, Oak Ri...

1. A method for regulating ion transport between first and second regions of a liquid solution containing ionic species in at least one of said first and second regions, the method comprising applying a voltage on a single electrically conductive mesoporous carbon membrane situated between said first and second regions of the liquid solution, wherein liquid flow between first and second regions is permitted only through said mesoporous carbon membrane, and the applied voltage is selected to modulate the degree of ion transport between said first and second regions, wherein an increase in applied voltage results in a reduction in the degree of ion transport between said first and second regions, optionally up to a critical voltage at which ion transport ceases, wherein said single electrically conductive mesoporous carbon membrane functions by hindering or blocking the transport of ions instead of absorbing the ions when applying said applied voltage, wherein the method does not include a step of desorbing the ions from the single electrically conductive mesoporous carbon membrane, and wherein said single electrically conductive mesoporous carbon membrane also includes: (i) a pore size distribution centered at 7.3 nm and having a degree of variation in pore size of ±3 nm from 7.3 nm, and (ii) conductive carbon nanoparticles embedded therein in an amount of 1-25 wt %.

US Pat. No. 10,392,271

METHOD OF REMOVING HYDROGEN-SULFIDE FROM WATER

CONOCOPHILLIPS COMPANY, ...

1. A method for removing hydrogen sulfide from a liquid stream comprising produced water from an underground oil or gas producing operation, the method comprising:contacting a first side of a porous, gas-liquid separation membrane with a liquid stream comprising a first amount of hydrogen sulfide; and
contacting a second, opposite side of the separation membrane with a receiving fluid having a lower concentration of hydrogen sulfide than the liquid stream, wherein the hydrogen sulfide moves through the pores of the membrane from the first side to the second side, to provide a reduced-sulfide liquid stream having a second amount of hydrogen sulfide that is less than the first amount of hydrogen sulfide in the liquid stream, wherein the receiving fluid comprises water and an organic amine reactive with hydrogen sulfide.

US Pat. No. 10,392,270

MULTI-EFFECT MEMBRANE DISTILLATION

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A multi-effect membrane distillation system, comprising:a first membrane distillation effect, comprising (a) a first-stage feed channel with a first-stage feed inlet, (b) a first-stage gap, and (c) a first-stage vapor-permeable membrane separating the first-stage feed channel from the first-stage gap;
a second membrane distillation effect, comprising (a) a second-stage feed channel with a second-stage feed inlet, (b) a second-stage gap, and (c) a second-stage vapor-permeable membrane separating the second-stage feed channel from the second-stage gap;
a heat-transfer plate separating the second-stage feed channel from the first-stage gap and configured to transfer heat therebetween;
a first feed-transfer conduit coupled with the first-stage feed channel and with the second-stage feed inlet and configured for flow of liquid feed from the first-stage feed inlet through the first-stage feed channel to the first feed-transfer conduit; and
a second feed-transfer conduit coupled with the second-stage feed channel and configured for flow of liquid feed from the second-stage feed inlet through the second-stage feed channel to the second feed-transfer conduit,
wherein at least one of the first membrane distillation effect and the second membrane distillation effect is selected from (a) a permeate-gap membrane distillation effect and (b) a conductive-gap membrane distillation effect with a thermally conductive spacer geometry that extends across the gap and improves the gap's effective thermal conductivity.

US Pat. No. 10,392,269

PORTABLE WATER PURIFICATION SYSTEMS WITH ADJUSTABLE SOLAR POSITIONING APPARATUS

1. A configurable water purification system, comprising:a water storage receptacle defining a space within the water storage receptacle, the space having a size that defines a water storage capacity of the water storage receptacle;
a pump;
a power source comprising a Stirling engine;
at least one fresnel lens to focus solar energy on a heat exchanger of the Stirling engine;
a solar positioning apparatus that adjusts a position of the at least one fresnel lens relative to a base of the solar positioning apparatus in response to an angle of incoming light determined based at least in part on a location of a portion of a light sensing surface illuminated by light passing through an aperture, wherein the solar positioning apparatus comprises a downwardly-extending projection with a curved edge and at least two legs, and wherein the solar positioning apparatus based at least in part on the determined angle of incoming light lengthens or shortens one of the at least two legs so as to rotate the solar positioning apparatus along the curved edge of the downwardly-extending projection to modify both pitch and roll of the at least one fresnel lens and adjust the position of the at least one fresnel lens for aligning the at least one fresnel lens for focusing with the incoming light on the heat exchanger of the Stirling engine; and
a filter;
the water storage receptacle, the pump, the power source, the solar positioning apparatus, and the filter being configurable between:
(1) an operation configuration in which the solar positioning apparatus is positioned outside of the space and aligns the at least one fresnel lens for focusing solar energy on the heat exchanger of the Stirling engine to provide power from the power source, the power source is positioned outside of the space and provides the power to operate the pump, the pump is positioned outside of the space and operable to provide source water to the filter, the filter is positioned outside of the space and operable to convert the source water into purified water, wherein the purified water is stored within the space of the water storage receptacle in the absence of the pump, the power source, the solar positioning apparatus, and the filter; and
(2) a storage configuration in which at least one of the pump, the power source, the solar positioning apparatus, or the filter is stored within the space of the water storage receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,392,266

TREATMENT OF PRODUCED WATER USING INDIRECT HEAT

CONOCOPHILLIPS COMPANY, ...

1. A method of generating steam for enhanced oil recovery techniques, comprising:admitting a batch of untreated water into a batch vessel, wherein the batch vessel has a demister and at least one heating coil in contact with the untreated water;
passing a heated waste flue gas stream through the at least one heating coil, wherein the heated waste flue gas has a temperature between 170° C. and 240° C.;
heating the at least one heating coil with the heated waste flue gas;
vaporizing the batch of untreated water with the heated heating coil to create intermediate steam;
flowing the intermediate steam through the demister to remove solids;
condensing the intermediate steam in a condenser to form an overhead gas stream and a condensed water stream;
separating the overhead gas stream and the condensed water stream;
passing the overhead gas stream through a knock out drum to remove residual water;
combining the residual water and the condensed water stream to form a treated water; and
heating the treated water in a furnace to generate an injection steam for the enhanced oil recovery and to generate the heated waste flue gas stream passed through the at least one heating coil.

US Pat. No. 10,392,263

MODIFICATION OF PIGMENTS USING ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITION (ALD) IN VARYING ELECTRICAL RESISTIVITY

United States of America ...

1. A method, comprising:loading powdered pigment into a rotating drum;
evacuating air from the rotating drum;
pulsing an indium oxide precursor into the rotating drum, marinating the pigment in the indium oxide precursor for a first time period, and then purging the indium oxide precursor;
pulsing ozone into the rotating drum, marinating the pigment in the ozone for a second time period to complete an indium oxide stoichiometry, and then purging the ozone;
pulsing a tin oxide precursor into the rotating drum, marinating the pigment in the tin oxide precursor for a third time period, and then purging the tin oxide precursor; and
pulsing ozone into the rotating drum, marinating the pigment in the ozone for a fourth time period to complete an indium tin oxide (ITO) stoichiometry, and then purging the ozone, thereby producing a coated pigment that dissipates charge buildup.

US Pat. No. 10,392,260

METHOD OF TREATING PHOSPHATE-CONTAINING ASH FROM WASTE-INCINERATION PLANTS BY WET-CHEMICAL DIGESTION IN ORDER TO OBTAIN COMPOUNDS OF ALUMINIUM, CALCIUM, PHOSPHORUS AND NITROGEN

1. A method for obtaining precipitates of calcium sulphate (CaSO4) and for production of phosphoric acid from phosphate-containing ashes from waste incineration plants, characterized in thata) combining the phosphate-containing ashes with phosphoric acid to cause a reaction,
b) separating an acid-insoluble portion of the phosphate-containing ashes from the reaction of step a),
c) adding sulfuric acid to a filtrate or supernatant of step b) and thereby adjusting the pH to <1, to obtain and separate calcium sulphate precipitate and to thereby also obtain purified phosphoric acid as the filtrate or the supernatant of step c),
d) recycling at least partially the filtrate or supernatant of step c) as the phosphoric acid for use in step a).

US Pat. No. 10,392,253

AGGREGATE OF CARBON NANOTUBES, CARBON NANOTUBE COMPOSITE MATERIAL, AND CARBON NANOTUBE WIRE

Furukawa Electric Co., Lt...

1. A carbon nanotube aggregate, comprising:a plurality of carbon nanotubes each having one or more walls,
wherein a ratio of a total number of carbon nanotubes that have two or three walls relative to a total number of said plurality of carbon nanotubes is 75% or greater, and
wherein, in a G band of a Raman spectrum in Raman spectroscopy of the plurality of carbon nanotubes, a G+/Gtotal ratio that is indicative of an amount of semiconductor carbon nanotubes relative to metallic carbon nanotubes is 0.70 or greater, and a G/D ratio that is defined as a ratio in the Raman spectrum of the G band and a D band due to a crystallinity is 45 or greater.

US Pat. No. 10,392,246

THROUGH-SUBSTRATE CONDUCTOR SUPPORT

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A device, comprising:a substrate having a first surface and a second surface opposite the first surface;
first circuitry on the first surface;
second circuitry on the first surface;
a first surface mounting contact structure on the second surface;
a second surface mounting contact structure on the second surface;
a first conductor including first and second segments, the first segment affixed to the first surface and electrically coupled to the first circuitry and having a first elevated portion spaced away from the first surface, and the second segment affixed to the first surface and electrically coupled to the second circuitry and having a second elevated portion spaced away from the first surface;
a first supporting material between the first surface and the first elevated portion, the first supporting material supporting the first elevated portion;
a second supporting material between the first surface and the second elevated portion, the second supporting material supporting the second elevated portion; and
a second conductor including third and fourth segments, the third segment electrically coupled to the first elevated portion and to the first surface mounting contact structure, and the fourth segment electrically coupled to the second elevated portion and to the second surface mounting contact structure.

US Pat. No. 10,392,244

METHOD FOR SEALING A CAVITY OF A MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS (MEMS) DEVICE USING A SEAL LAYER COVERING OR LINING A HOLE IN FLUID COMMUNICATION WITH THE CAVITY

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method for manufacturing a microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) device, the method comprising:providing a semiconductor structure including an integrated circuit (IC) substrate and a dielectric layer over the IC substrate;
performing a series of selective etches, including a first selective etch, into the dielectric layer to form a cavity in the dielectric layer, wherein the first selective etch forms a bulk region of the cavity in which a portion of the dielectric layer is exposed;
bonding a MEMS substrate to the IC substrate through the dielectric layer to seal the cavity between the MEMS substrate and the IC substrate, wherein the portion of the dielectric layer remains exposed in the cavity throughout the bonding;
performing a second selective etch into the MEMS substrate to form a MEMS hole in fluid communication with the cavity and extending through the MEMS substrate; and
forming a sealing layer over or lining the MEMS hole to hermetically seal the cavity with a reference pressure while the semiconductor structure is arranged within a vacuum having the reference pressure;
wherein the method forms a pair of first opposing sidewalls and a pair of second opposing sidewalls, wherein the first and second opposing sidewalls are formed in the cavity and are defined by the dielectric layer, wherein the first opposing sidewalls are formed with a same lateral orientation as the second opposing sidewalls, wherein the second opposing sidewalls are independent of the first opposing sidewalls and are formed laterally spaced between the first opposing sidewalls, and wherein the cavity is directly between the second opposing sidewalls.

US Pat. No. 10,392,243

COUPLED MEMRISTOR DEVICES TO ENABLE FEEDBACK CONTROL AND SENSING OF MICRO/NANOELECTROMECHANICAL ACTUATOR AND SENSORS

Board of Regents, The Uni...

1. A MEMS apparatus with dynamic displacement control, said apparatus comprising:a MEMS parallel plate capacitor integrated with at least one memristor in a series configuration wherein a displacement is observable as a function of memristance, such that an upper electrode position is capable of being interpreted in a form of a resistance rather than a capacitance;
a correlation circuit that receives input from the memristor, wherein the correlation circuit represents a polynomial equation that correlates with MEMS displacement;
a first summation circuit that receives input from the correlation circuit and a signal builder;
a speed estimator circuit that receives input from the correlation circuit;
a second summation circuit that receives input from the first summation circuit and the speed estimator circuit and provides an input to the MEMS parallel plate capacitor;
wherein a current in said apparatus is limited by said MEMS parallel plate capacitor restricting a change in a resistance of said at least one memristor; and
wherein said at least one memristor is employable as a sensor element to improve a MEMS operation range.

US Pat. No. 10,392,242

CHEMICAL PRODUCT DISPENSING INDEPENDENT OF DRIVE FLUID FLOW RATE

Ecolab USA Inc., St. Pau...

1. A dispensing system, comprising:a product package defined by a plurality of sidewalls forming an enclosed cavity that contains a fluid chemical product to be dispensed from the product package, the product package further including:
an outlet through which the fluid chemical product is dispensed from the cavity;
a pump internally integrated into the product package that dispenses the fluid chemical product from the cavity of the product package through the outlet of the product package; and
a first pump engagement coupling externally accessible through at least one of the product package sidewalls; and
a chemical product dispenser, the chemical product dispenser including:
a housing having a cavity sized to removably receive the product package;
a fluid drive unit having an inlet conduit connected to receive a supply of a diluent such that flow of the diluent through the fluid drive unit causes rotation of the fluid drive unit;
an outlet conduit from which the diluent exits the housing; and
a second pump engagement coupling configured to removably connect to the first pump engagement coupling and to transfer the rotation of the fluid drive unit to the pump to dispense the fluid chemical product from the cavity of the product package through the outlet of the product package.

US Pat. No. 10,392,239

LIQUID DISPENSER

Berry Plastics Corporatio...

1. A dispenser comprisinga container including a body formed to include an interior product-storage region and a neck coupled to the body and formed to include an opening arranged to open into the interior product-storage region,
a valve coupled to the container and located in the opening,
a lid coupled to the neck of the container to overlie the valve and configured to rotate relative to the container about an axis between an opened position and a closed position, the lid comprising a side wall, a bottom wall coupled to the side wall, the bottom wall is formed to include a dispense aperture, and a valve blocker coupled to the bottom wall, and
an overcap coupled to the lid to locate the lid between the container and the overcap,
wherein the lid is configured to block rotation of the lid from the closed positioned to the opened position at the selection of a user when the lid is mounted on the container,
wherein the valve blocker is engaged with the valve to block dispensing of product out of the interior product-storage region of the container into the overcap when the lid is in the closed position,
wherein the dispense aperture is aligned with the valve to allow dispensing of product out of the interior product-storage region of the container into the overcap when the lid is in the opened position,
further comprising an insert coupled to the neck of the container, wherein the valve is coupled to the insert and the insert is configured to carry the valve on the container,
wherein the insert includes a closure wall, an annular wall extending from the closure wall, and a valve seat coupled to the closure wall, and wherein the valve seat is configured to receive the valve therein, and
wherein the valve seat includes a cross member defining openings through the insert and retention tabs configured to hold the valve in the valve seat.

US Pat. No. 10,392,236

STRING REELS WITH LEVEL WIND APPARATUS

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A level wind apparatus comprising:a first end plate;
a second end plate;
a track disposed between the first end plate and the second end plate;
a guide slidable along the track to direct a line onto or away from a reel when the reel is rotating, wherein the reel is rotatable in a first direction to wind the line onto the reel and the reel is rotatable in a second direction to unwind the line from the reel;
a tensioner including a friction wheel to create tension in the line while the reel is rotating the second direction;
a drive shaft extending between the first end plate and the second end plate, the friction wheel rotatable with the drive shaft and slidable along the drive shaft;
a sprocket disposed near the second end plate; and
a clutch disposed between an end of the drive shaft and the sprocket near the second end plate, the clutch to drive the drive shaft and the friction wheel when the reel is rotated in the second direction, and the clutch to freewheel the drive shaft and the friction wheel when the reel is rotated in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,392,230

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TESTING AN ESCALATOR

1. A system for testing an escalator, comprising:a control cabinet (4);
a motor (5) coupled with said control cabinet (4) and receiving signals from said control cabinet (4);
an actuator, removable connected in series between the control cabinet (4) and the motor (5), said actuator adapted to actuate the escalator to simulate overspeed or reversal, while connected for testing, by varying the power supply frequency and phase of the motor;
at least one sensor, mounted on a step or a handrail belt of the escalator for quantitative detection of speed signals in communication with said control cabinet (4); and
an operation device, connected to the actuator and the at least one sensor, said operation device adapted to control the actuator for different test items, and said operation device comprising a processor and display for processing and displaying the speed signals detected.

US Pat. No. 10,392,227

ELEVATOR SYSTEM MAINTENANCE FROM INSIDE A CAR OF THE ELEVATOR SYSTEM

OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY, F...

1. An elevator system comprising:a hoistway;
one or more elevator system components fixed in the hoistway;
an elevator car suspended in the hoistway via a suspension member and drivable along the hoistway, the elevator car including an access door openable from inside the elevator car to provide access to the one or more elevator system components in the hoistway, such that inspection, maintenance and/or repair can be performed on the one or more elevator system components from inside of the elevator car; and
a telescoping mechanism to urge the elevator system component toward the elevator car.

US Pat. No. 10,392,226

MACHINE ROOM-LESS ELEVATOR

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. A machine room-less elevator, comprising:a car configured to ascend and descend in a hoistway of an architectural structure;
a counter weight configured to ascend and descend reversely to the car;
a rope configured to suspend the car and the counter weight; and
a hoisting machine configured to drive the rope,
wherein a support beam assembly, which is configured to bear not a load of the architectural structure but at least loads of the car, the counter weight, the rope, and the hoisting machine, is supported on a top-story floor beam assembly of the architectural structure, and
wherein the elevator services and lands at the top story floor,
wherein the support beam assembly and the hoisting machine exist in a gap between the car and a hoistway wall when seen in plan view in a projected manner,
wherein the support beam assembly comprises a first support beam unit, a second support beam unit, and a third support beam unit,
wherein the first support beam unit comprises a pair of beams extending horizontally and in parallel to each other, each beam of the pair of beams of the first support beam unit including ends,
wherein each of the pair of beams of the first support beam unit extends so as to bridge a corresponding pair of beams of the top-story floor beam assembly, is supported by the top-story floor beam assembly such that the top-story floor beam assembly bears the load of at least the car, and is fixed to the top-story floor beam assembly at the ends of the pair of beams of the first beam unit,
wherein the second support beam unit comprises a pair of beams members,
wherein each of the pair of beam members of the second support beam unit includes a pair of legs each extending vertically from a corresponding one of the beams of the first support beam unit, and wherein for each pair of legs, a bridge portion connects the pair of legs to each other,
wherein the third support beam unit comprises a pair of beams extending horizontally and in parallel to each other, and
wherein the pair of beams of the third support beam unit is parallel to the pair of beams of the first support beam unit, and each of the pair of beams of the third support beam unit bridges a corresponding pair of the legs of the second support beam unit.

US Pat. No. 10,392,224

ELEVATOR CONTROL WITH MOBILE DEVICES

OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY, F...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a computing device comprising a processor, an identifier associated with a mobile device based on a passive transmission of the identifier by the mobile device;
based on the receipt of the identifier, scheduling at least one service associated with an elevator system based on an anticipated demand for the at least one service;
fulfilling the at least one service associated with the elevator system after determining that the mobile device has entered an elevator car.

US Pat. No. 10,392,223

SERVICE REQUEST USING WIRELESS PROGRAMMABLE DEVICE

OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY, F...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a computing device comprising a processor, a request for at least one service associated with an elevator system from a mobile device over a cellular network;
validating the request based on a determined location of the mobile device; and
causing at least one resource associated with the at least one service to be scheduled based on the validating indicating that the request is approved, wherein the scheduling of the at least one resource is initiated by a placement of an elevator car call.

US Pat. No. 10,392,222

ELEVATOR REMOTE DESTINATION ENTRY BASED ON ALTITUDE

OTIS ELEVATOR COMPANY, F...

1. A method comprising:determining an altitude of a mobile device;
determining a floor coinciding with the altitude; and
requesting elevator service specific to the floor;
wherein the altitude is determined based on the use of at least one of a barometric pressure sensor, an accelerometer, a gyroscope and a camera included in the mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,392,220

MATERIAL PIPE AND FEEDING SYSTEM

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A material pipe comprises:a rotation shaft that is provided with an outer thread on an outer peripheral surface of at least one end;
a housing that is covered around an exterior of the rotation shaft and that is provided with an inner thread and a recess spaced from the inner thread on an inner peripheral surface of at least one end;
a fixing member having an axially extending through hole and an operation hole formed in and passing through a side wall of the fixing member, the fixing member being provided with an outer thread on an outer peripheral surface thereof matching the inner thread of the housing, and the through hole being provided with an inner thread on a hole wall thereof matching the outer thread of the rotation shaft; and
a positioning assembly comprising an engaging member detachably disposed in the recess at one end and fixed to the fixing member at the other end, a portion of the engaging member corresponding to the operation hole in position, and the one end of the engaging member being separable from the recess by operation on the engaging member through the operation hole.

US Pat. No. 10,392,219

METHOD OF SPOOLING A BI-METALLIC PIPE

TECHNIP FRANCE, (FR)

1. A method of spooling a marine pipeline comprising a plurality of bi-metallic pipe sections onto a reel, the method comprising at least the steps of:(a) filling a first pipe section with a fluid;
(b) spooling the first pipe section onto the reel;
(c) filling a second pipe section with a fluid;
(d) joining the first pipe section with the second pipe section while maintaining the fluid in a pressurized state in at least one of the first and second pipe sections; and
(e) spooling the second pipe section onto the reel.

US Pat. No. 10,392,216

WEB TRANSPORTING APPARATUS, WEB TRANSPORTING METHOD, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A web transporting apparatus, comprising:a drive roller which winds a web;
N (where N is an integer of 1 or greater) nip rollers which nip a wound portion, which is a portion of the web which is wound around the drive roller, between the drive roller and the nip rollers; and
a tension application unit which applies a tension (Tl) to a portion of the web which is one side of the wound portion and applies a tension (Th) which is higher than the tension (Tl) to a portion of the web which is opposite the one side of the wound portion,
wherein in front view as viewed from an axial direction of the drive roller,
a straight line which passes through an end of the one side of the wound portion and a center of rotation of the drive roller is set to a straight line (Ll),
a straight line which passes through an end of the other side of the wound portion and the center of rotation of the drive roller is set to a straight line (Lh),
a straight line which passes through the center of rotation of the nth nip roller and the center of rotation of the drive roller is set to a straight line L(n), where n is an integer of 1 or greater counting the nip rollers along the wound portion from the one side,
an angle which is formed by the straight line (Ll) and the straight line (Lh) along the wound portion around the center of rotation of the drive roller is set to an angle ?(0),
an angle which is formed by the straight line L(n) and the straight line (Lh) along the wound portion around the center of rotation of the drive roller is set to an angle ?(n),
a load which is applied to the drive roller from the nth nip roller is set to a load P(n),
a static friction coefficient between the drive roller and the web in the wound portion is set ?(0),
a static friction coefficient between the drive roller and the web in a range which is pinched between the nth nip roller and the drive roller is set to ?(n),
and the nip rollers are provided so as to satisfy a following expression

US Pat. No. 10,392,212

IMAGE FORMATION DEVICE

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. An image formation device comprising:a registration roller pair configured to shift a sheet in a second direction perpendicular to a first direction of a sheet feeding direction while holding the sheet;
a feeding section provided upstream of the registration roller pair in the first direction and including a feeding belt configured to convey the sheet to the registration roller pair;
a first air adjustment section configured to perform air suction or blowing for the sheet conveyed by the feeding belt; and
a control section configured to switch between a first operation of controlling, when the sheet is conveyed by the feeding belt, the first air adjustment section to vacuum suck the sheet with air toward the feeding belt, and a second operation of controlling, when the sheet is swung by the registration roller pair, the first air adjustment section to provide an air cushion by blowing air on the sheet away from the feeding belt, the sheet being conveyed in the first direction during the second operation of controlling the first air adjustment section.

US Pat. No. 10,392,210

TRANSMISSION DEVICE

Foxlink Image Technology ...

1. A transmission device assembled to an automatic sheet feeder, comprising:a driving motor mounted to the automatic sheet feeder;
a separation roller module mounted to the automatic sheet feeder, the separation roller module including a separation shaft, a separation roller mounted to one end of the separation shaft, and a separation gear mounted to the other end of the separation shaft;
a correction roller module mounted to the automatic sheet feeder, the correction roller module including a correction shaft, and a correction roller mounted around the correction shaft;
a discharging roller module mounted to the automatic sheet feeder, the discharging roller module including a discharging shaft, and a discharging roller mounted around the discharging shaft;
a first clutch disposed between the driving motor and the separation roller module, the first clutch being connected with the separation roller module and controlling the separation roller module to rotate or stop rotating to control a distance between each two documents fed by the automatic sheet feeder;
a second clutch disposed between the driving motor and the correction roller module, the second clutch being connected with the correction roller module and controlling the correction roller module to rotate or stop rotating to correct a skew of each of the documents;
a third clutch being disposed between the driving motor and the discharging roller module, the third clutch being connected with the discharging roller module and controlling the discharging roller module to rotate or stop rotating to improve a stacked condition of the documents at the time of the documents being discharged;
a plurality of sensors mounted to the automatic sheet feeder, the plurality of the sensors sensing signal variations at the time of a leading end or a tail end of each of the documents passing through the plurality of the sensors, and the plurality of the sensors transmitting the signal variations to the first clutch, the second clutch and the third clutch so as to control the separation roller module, the correction roller module and the discharging roller module to rotate or stop rotating; and
a fastening shaft, the first clutch, the second clutch and the third clutch being fastened to the fastening shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,392,209

SHEET FEEDING SUB TRAY, SHEET CONVEYING DEVICE, IMAGE READING DEVICE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A sheet feeding sub tray detachably attachable to a sheet loading stand of a sheet conveying device, the sheet conveying device including a setting reference part on one end side of the sheet loading stand in a sheet width direction and a side fence on an opposing end of the sheet loading stand in the sheet width direction that is slidable along a surface of the sheet loading stand in the sheet width direction, the sheet feeding sub tray comprising:a bottom plate in planar contact with a surface of the sheet loading stand between the setting reference part of the sheet loading stand and the side fence of the sheet loading stand;
a small-size setting reference part disposed at a position closer to a center of the sheet loading stand in the sheet width direction than the setting reference part in a state in which the sheet feeding sub tray is installed to the sheet loading stand; and
a small-sized side fence that is slidable in the sheet width direction on the bottom plate and disposed at a position closer to the center of the sheet loading stand in the sheet width direction than the side fence of the sheet loading stand.