US Pat. No. 10,427,871

SCREW CONVEYOR SYSTEM FOR COMPACTION APPARATUS

1. A screw conveyor system for a compaction apparatus having a hopper receiving materials and a container storing the materials in a compacted fashion, the screw conveyor system comprising:a screw conveying the materials from the hopper to the container and including a proximal segment including flights extending in the hopper and a distal segment including flights extending in the container, the screw having a longitudinal axis; and
a passageway structure comprising a tunnel-like passage defined by at least one passageway wall, the tunnel-like passage allowing passage of the materials between the hopper and the container and being traversed by the screw, the passageway structure separating the hopper from the container, the tunnel-like passage being accessible from the hopper through an aperture having an asymmetrical shape along a cross-sectional axis extending normal to the longitudinal axis of the screw, the aperture conforming to a shape of the tunnel-like passage adjacent to the hopper, and the passageway structure comprising:
a main passageway wherein the at least one passageway wall conforms to a circumferential perimeter of the screw along a majority of the circumferential perimeter of the screw; and
a by-pass passageway extending outwardly beyond the circumferential perimeter of the screw and offset from the main passageway.

US Pat. No. 10,427,870

WASTE RECEPTACLE HOLDING DEVICE

1. A holding device, comprising:a handle having a handle first end and a handle second end;
a circular lower hoop secured to said handle second end;
a circular upper hoop having a larger diameter than said lower hoop and secured to said handle second end adjacent said lower hoop with a hinge;
an upper hoop retention clip secured to said handle adjacent said hinge; and,
a waste bag retention clip secured to said upper hoop opposite said hinge;
a rake threadingly secured over said handle first end;
wherein a waste receptacle is adaptably removably secured in an open configuration to said device when positioned between said lower hoop and said upper hoop and when said waste bag retention clip removably secures said lower hoop against said upper hoop;
wherein said waste bag retention clip further comprises an aperture configured to permit said device to be suspended;
wherein said rake comprises:
a handle;
a ferrule disposed adjacent said handle; and,
a plurality of tines disposed adjacent said ferrule opposite said handle;
wherein said lower hoop is made of stainless steel; and
wherein said upper hoop is made of stainless steel.

US Pat. No. 10,427,869

BAG RECEPTACLE HOLDER APPARATUS

1. A tool for picking up and depositing animal waste in a plastic disposable bag, comprising:a. a cylindrical sleeve with a top opening, a bottom opening, a sidewall and a side hole formed on said sidewall;
b. a holder used to temporarily hold a plastic bag inside said cylindrical sleeve, said holder includes a bolt with a head, and a threaded shaft, said head being located inside said cylindrical sleeve and said shaft being extended through said side hole formed on said sidewall;
c. a lock washer that attaches to said shaft to hold said shaft inside said side hole; and
d. a flange nut with internal threads that selectively attaches to said threaded shaft, said flange nut includes an inside surface that presses against said sidewall of said cylindrical sleeve when said flange nut is tighten on said threaded shaft, when said bag is extended into said top opening of said cylindrical sleeve and a top portion of said bag is extended over said sidewall and adjacent to said side hole, said flange nut is forced against said top portion of said bag extending over said sidewall to securely hold said bag on said cylindrical sleeve.

US Pat. No. 10,427,868

SECONDARY CONTAINMENT UNIT AND METHODS

ASSET GUARD PRODUCTS INC....

1. An assembly for a modular secondary containment unit, the assembly comprising:a track segment comprising first and second channels;
a wall segment mounted on the track segment and extending within the first channel of the track segment;
a brace engaged with the wall segment and extending within the second channel of the track segment; and
a liner having an edge portion disposed between the track segment and the wall segment.

US Pat. No. 10,427,867

PACKING MEMBER AND CARTRIDGE PACKED IN THE PACKING MEMBER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A packing member for packing a cartridge, the cartridge including a photosensitive drum on which an electrostatic latent image is to be formed and the cartridge being detachably mountable to an image forming apparatus, wherein the packing member is molded with a resin material, the packing member comprising:(i) a first portion including (a) an opening as an entrance for the cartridge, (b) a recessed portion for accommodating the cartridge, (c) a first limiting portion for limiting a position of the cartridge in a first direction perpendicular to an axial direction of the photosensitive drum, and (d) a second limiting portion for limiting a position of the cartridge in a second direction perpendicular to the axial direction of the photosensitive drum and crossing to the first direction; and
(ii) a second portion for openably covering the opening,
wherein the first limiting portion and the second limiting portion contact portions of the cartridge excluding a region where the electrostatic latent image is to be formed on the photosensitive drum such that a gap is formed between a surface of the photosensitive drum and an inner surface of the recessed portion.

US Pat. No. 10,427,866

ADULT TOY CONCEALING CONTAINER

5. A container with the appearance of a shampoo bottle, a conditioner bottle, or a soap dispenser, for concealing an adult toy so that the adult toy within the container can be inconspicuously transported and stored around the living environment comprising:a bottom portion, a main compartment and a top portion;
the bottom portion comprising an upper part and an underside with an attachment around the outside edge of the upper part;
the upper part of the bottom portion further comprising a stand to hold the adult toy within the container;
the main compartment comprising an upper edge, a lower edge and a plurality of sides wherein the plurality of sides come together to form a closed geometric shape or other artistic shape in order to appear as the personal hygiene item, and is hollow so that the adult toy can be concealed within the main compartment;
the lower edge of the main compartment further comprising a receiver to allow the main compartment to be attached to the bottom portion;
the upper edge of the main compartment further comprising a receiver;
the bottom portion further comprising a storage compartment wherein the upper part is attached to the storage compartment by an appropriate attachment, is removable from the storage compartment portion and the storage compartment can be filled with a plurality of disposable wipes;
the upper part of the bottom portion further comprising an opening such that the plurality of disposable wipes can be removed from the storage means one at a time;
the top portion comprising a lower edge and an opening apparatus;
the top portion further comprising a hollow compartment within the top portion to allow the top portion to hold a liquid and having the appearance of the container as a personal hygiene item;
the opening apparatus is at least one of a flip top with additional opening or a pump means to allow the user of the container to extract liquid within the hollow compartment; and
the lower edge of the top portion comprising an attachment to allow the top portion to be attached to the main compartment.

US Pat. No. 10,427,865

RESEALABLE INNER PACKAGE FOR A CONTAINER

Philip Morris Products S....

1. A container for consumer goods, comprising:a housing comprising a box and a lid, wherein the box and the lid each comprise a front wall and a back wall;
a hinged connector that connects the lid to the back wall of the box, wherein the hinged connector is connected to the lid at a first hinge line and connected to the back wall of the box at a second hinge line;
an inner package disposed within the housing and at least partially defining an interior volume for housing consumer goods, wherein the inner package comprises a front wall, a back wall, and a top wall, wherein the inner package further comprises:
a first layer that defines a flap; and
a second layer at least partially attached to an inner surface of the first layer that defines an access opening through which the consumer goods can be removed, wherein the access opening is disposed in a portion of the back and top walls of the inner package;
wherein the lid is movable between a closed position and an open position, wherein the inner package is covered by the lid and the box when the lid is in the closed position and at least partially uncovered when the lid is in the open position;
wherein the flap is attached to an inner surface of the front wall of the lid such that the flap is separated from the inner package to at least partially uncover the access opening when the lid is moved from the closed position to the open position, and further wherein the flap covers the access opening when the lid is in the closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,864

RIGID PACK WITH HINGED LID AND INTERNALLY PROVIDED WITH A COLLAR HAVING AN UPPER WALL

1. A rigid pack (1) for tobacco articles comprising:a container (2), which has a parallelepiped shape, has an open upper end, a container lower wall (5), a container front wall (6), a container rear wall (7), and two container lateral walls (8);
a lid (3) which is hinged to the container (2), has a parallelepiped shape and has a lid upper wall (9), a lid front wall (10), a lid rear wall (11), and two lid lateral walls (12);
an inner wrap (4) which encloses a group of tobacco articles, and is housed on the inside of the container (2); and
a collar (13), which embraces the inner wrap (4), is internally glued to the container (2), and protrudes from the open upper end of the container (2) and has: a collar front wall (14), two collar lateral walls (15) and a collar upper wall (16) which is perpendicular to the collar front wall (14); and
wherein the collar (13) has a pull-out opening (18) for the tobacco articles which involves a portion of the collar front wall (14) and a portion of the collar upper wall (16); and
wherein the collar upper wall (16) comprises a fixed frame which is “U”-shaped and surrounds an upper part of the pull-out opening (18) on three different sides.

US Pat. No. 10,427,863

AEROSOL CONTAINER, AND DETAILS THEREOF

1. A stabilizing member forming an upper valve housing for an aerosol valve having a valve stem for operating said valve, said stabilizing member comprising a body having a resilient portion arranged at a periphery of said stabilizing member for snap fitting in a groove formed on an inside of an associated hollow body, and a radial projection arranged at the periphery of the stabilizing member and axially displaced relative the resilient portion, wherein the radial projection is configured to seal against an inner wall of the associated hollow body, and wherein the radial projection is formed by a resilient material.

US Pat. No. 10,427,862

AEROSOL DISPENSER ASSEMBLY HAVING VOC-FREE PROPELLANT AND DISPENSING MECHANISM THEREFOR

1. An aerosol dispenser system having a volatile organic compound (VOC)-free propellant comprising:an enclosed container accommodating a liquid product under pressure;
a valve assembly coupled to and in fluid communication with the container;
an actuator body coupled to and in fluid communication with the valve assembly; and
at least one swirl nozzle insert coupled to and in fluid communication with the actuator body, the at least one swirl nozzle insert comprising a cylindrical sidewall connected to an end wall, the cylindrical sidewall having a diameter D less than 4,000 ?m defining an open bottom, the end wall comprising a recess that defines a swirl chamber, the end wall further comprising an outlet orifice connected to the swirl chamber and the end wall further comprising at least one inlet slot extending inward from a junction of the cylindrical sidewall and end wall towards the swirl chamber,
the outlet orifice having a diameter do and an axial length Lo, the axial length Lo being less than 250 ?m, the swirl chamber having a diameter Ds, the inlet slot comprising a width dp, a height Ls, and a cross-sectional area dp×Ls defined by said width dp and height Ls, a number of inlet slots N ranging from 1 to 6,
do, Ds and a cumulative cross-sectional area of the N slots, dp×Ls×N, being used to achieve a Sauter Mean Diameter D[3,2] of particles exiting the outlet orifice below a predetermined upper limit when the aerosol dispensing system is charged with an aqueous product.

US Pat. No. 10,427,861

DISPENSING CONTAINER FOR BLISTER PACK OF MEDICATION

Manrex Limited, Winnipeg...

1. A dispensing container for use with a blister pack having a series of blisters each containing a dose of one or more medications which can be expelled from the blisters by a user for use of the medication, the dispensing container comprising:a holder portion for receiving and supporting the blister pack;
the holder portion having a plurality of openings therein arranged to be aligned with the blisters in the blister pack such that the medication in each blister can be expelled from the blister through the opening;
a catching container fixed to the holder portion adjacent the holder portion such that medication expelled from the blisters through the openings is caught and held in the catching container;
a dispensing opening in the catching container arranged such that the medication caught and held in the catching container is discharged by the user from the catching container through the dispensing opening when required;
a leg portion movable between a first position, in which the leg portion is retained against a rear of the container so that the container provides a rear face which can be fastened to a vertical support surface, and a second position in which the leg portion extends rearwardly to support the container in an upstanding position from a horizontal support surface;
wherein the container has a bottom edge which rests on the horizontal support surface when the leg portion is in the second position;
and wherein the dispensing opening is located in a recess which extends from the bottom edge upwardly to the dispensing opening which is raised from the bottom edge so that a cup on the horizontal surface is presented into the recess at the dispensing opening to discharge the medication into the cup at the dispensing opening.

US Pat. No. 10,427,860

PACKAGING

1. A packaging comprising a pouch intended to contain a product and to allow release thereof, comprising:a manually deformable jacket formed of a first film that collapses under its own weight, the first film comprising a first inner side and a first outer side, the first film being closed on itself so as to form a frustum having a first and second end, the cross section of the frustum narrowing as the first end is approached, the inner side forming the interior of the frustum and the outer side forming the exterior of the frustum;
a base formed of a second film that collapses under its own weight, the second film comprising a second inner side and a second outer side and the second film being sealed at the second end of the frustum so as to close off the second end, the base and the jacket are thermally sealed first inner side to second inner side in order to form together a manually deformable pouch, the first and second inner side being configured to be in contact with the product;
a closure device through which the product flows when the pouch is manually deformed and comprising a sleeve sealed to the first end of the frustum,
wherein
the base has a diamond shape including a first, a second, a third, and a fourth angle, the first angle being equal to the third angle and opposite to the third angle, the second angle being equal to the fourth angle and opposite to the fourth angle, the first angle being different from the second angle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,859

DISPENSER FOR A CREAM, GEL OR SOFT SOLID COMPOSITION

Conopco, Inc., Englewood...

1. A dispenser suitable for delivery of a cream, gel or soft solid composition comprising:(i) a convex applicator surface at an upper end;
(ii) a replaceable cartridge containing a composition to be dispensed;
(iii) a passageway between the cartridge and the applicator surface;
(iv) a drive mechanism for forcing the composition from the cartridge through the passageway and onto the applicator surface;
(v) an outer body containing features (ii) to (iv); and
(vi) a non-return ratchet which interacts with a plunger to prevent significant axially movement of the plunger whilst a dial unit is rotated in a second direction;the drive mechanism comprising the dial unit and the plunger, rotation of the dial unit in a first direction advancing the plunger axially upwards, the plunger acting upon a piston seal at the base of the replaceable cartridge, thereby forcing the contained composition upwards and outwards through the passageway and onto the applicator surface; rotation of the dial unit in the second direction, counter to the first, rotationally re-setting the dial unit relative to the plunger in readiness for a further advancement of the plunger, rotation in the second direction not causing significant axial movement of the plunger and being brought about by a torsion spring that forces the dial unit back to its position before the dial unit was turned when torque applied to turn the dial unit in its first direction is released, wherein an advancing ratchet which is rotationally locked to the dial unit interacts with advancing teeth on the plunger to cause the plunger to be raised axially upwards when the dial unit is rotated in its first direction and wherein the non-return ratchet is rotationally locked to the dial unit and interacts with a set of non-return teeth on the plunger to prevent axially downward movement of the plunger when the dial unit is rotated in its second direction and wherein the advancing ratchet and the non-return ratchet are part of a ratchet sleeve, which is moulded independently of the dial unit, but slotted in to the dial unit in a rotationally fixed manner during assembly of the dispenser.

US Pat. No. 10,427,858

INSULATED BOTTLE HOLDER

1. A bottle holder device for containing a beverage bottle having a neck defining an opening through which contents of the bottle are poured by a user, said bottle holder device inhibiting temperature change during a period of time in which said contents are consumed, said bottle holder comprising:a body having a base portion and a generally cylindrical portion for receipt of said bottle;
said body configured to have thermal insulator characteristics which inhibit temperature change of said bottle;
a lid having a lower portion adapted to removably engage said body and an upper portion, said body and said lid together defining an interior cavity for containing said bottle;
said lid defining an aperture through which said neck of said bottle will extend to allow said contents of said bottle to be poured; and
a seal carried by said lid and being formed of compressible material, said seal having an attachment portion attached to said lid and a flexible web portion connecting said attachment portion and an engaging portion, said engaging portion being widened so as to contact said neck of said bottle adjacent said aperture to accommodate and maintain different sizes of said bottle;
wherein said attachment portion, said web portion, and said engaging portion of said seal form a generally U-shaped configuration with said web portion being at the bottom of said U-shaped configuration and thereby providing an air gap between said attachment portion and said engaging portion, said web portion of said seal being spaced apart from an inner surface of said lid toward said base portion of said body such that said engaging portion may deflect into the air gap as said neck is received through the aperture of the lid to accommodate said bottle, an upper portion of said engaging portion of said seal being curved outward.

US Pat. No. 10,427,857

MULTI-COMPARTMENT BAG

Otium Packaging Technolog...

1. A method for forming a multi-compartment bag comprising the steps of:a. draping a portion of a continuous sheet of bag forming material around a primary fill pipe so that two plies of the sheet meet inward of a first longitudinal edge and of a second longitudinal edge along a first seal line, leaving flaps extending beyond the first seal line to the first longitudinal edge and second longitudinal edge of the sheet;
b. draping the flaps around at least one secondary fill pipe so that the first and second longitudinal edges of the sheet meet at a second seal line;
c. forming longitudinal seals along the first and second seal lines;
d. forming a transverse seal comprising transverse seal areas below the primary and secondary fill pipes to form a bag having a first compartment encircling the first fill pipe and at least one secondary compartment encircling the secondary fill pipe or fill pipes, so that a transverse seal area of the at least one secondary compartment at least partially overlaps with a transverse seal area of the first compartment whereby, as a result of the overlapping transverse seal, the secondary compartment is folded to a position against the first compartment and is fixed in this position;
e. metering a primary material into the first compartment and one or more secondary materials into the secondary compartment or compartments.

US Pat. No. 10,427,856

METHOD OF CREATING AND MAINTAINING A VACUUM IN A STORAGE BAG

4. A method of creating and maintaining a vacuum in a bag comprising thesteps of: securing a bag, the bag having two walls, the walls of the bag having an internal wall inside the bag, a polymeric film material makes up the walls of the bag, an inert, compressible, resilient, expanded open-cell polymeric sponge material is an integral part of an internal wall of the bag, its size determined by the dimensions of the bag's internal wall, an
airtight sealable end of the bag that will stop migration of gases in or out
of the bag, and a one-way valve through one wall of the bag:
placing an article to be stored into the bag;
compressing the inert, compressible, resilient, expanded open-cell polymeric sponge material that is an integral part of an internal wall of the bag;
closing the airtight, sealable end of the bag to stop migration of gases in or out of the bag; and releasing compression of the sponge material when the bag is sealed, thereby creating and maintaining a vacuum inside of the bag.

US Pat. No. 10,427,855

INFLATABLE PACKAGING

Owen Townsend Barnitz, S...

1. A system for packaging an item, the system comprising:a plurality of inflatable units, wherein a respective inflatable unit is located at a respective corner of a plurality of corners of the item;
a plurality of straps securing the inflatable units to the corners of the item; and
a beam extending between two of the inflatable units that support the item, such that a first end of the beam is located in a recess of a first one of the inflatable units and a second end of the beam is located in a recess of a second one of the inflatable units.

US Pat. No. 10,427,854

SYNTHETIC RESIN CONTAINER

YOSHINO KOGYOSHO CO., LTD...

1. A synthetic resin container comprising a mouth portion as a dispensing spout for contents, a trunk portion extending contiguously with the mouth portion via a shoulder portion, and a bottom portion closing a lower end of the trunk portion, whereinthe trunk portion is provided with a plurality of reduced pressure absorbing panels that is formed as a plurality of ribs depressed to the inner side in the radial direction, extending in a vertical direction while twisting in a circumferential direction about a central axis of the trunk portion and that is arranged side by side in the circumferential direction of the trunk portion,
areas that are not reduced pressure absorbing panels are located between the reduced pressure absorbing panels in a circumferential direction and extend along the outer circumference of the trunk portion, and
each of the plurality of reduced pressure absorbing panels has a panel upper end, a panel lower end, and a narrow-width portion located in a region between the panel upper end and the panel lower end, a width of the reduced pressure absorbing panel in the narrow-width portion being narrower than widths of the reduced pressure absorbing panel in the panel upper end and the panel lower end.

US Pat. No. 10,427,853

CONTAINER WITH PRESSURE ACCOMMODATION AREA

PepsiCo, Inc., Purchase,...

1. A container comprising:a neck portion defining a container opening;
a shoulder portion connected to the neck portion;
a body portion extending from the shoulder portion to a base portion,
wherein the body portion comprises two pressure accommodation areas and two vertical ribbed areas,
wherein each pressure accommodation area includes a first flat panel, a second flat panel, and a groove positioned on an outer surface of the body portion between the first flat panel and the second flat panel and connecting the first flat panel and the second flat panel,
wherein the grooves move in towards an interior of the body in response to a decrease in internal container pressure, and
wherein a horizontal cross section of each of the first flat panel and the second flat panel, respectively, is straight before the decrease in internal pressure and during the decrease in internal pressure as the recess moves towards the interior of the container.

US Pat. No. 10,427,852

FLEXIBLE FITMENT FOR FLEXIBLE CONTAINER

Dow Global Technologies L...

1. A flexible container comprising:a first multilayer film and a second multilayer film, each multilayer film comprising a seal layer, the multilayer films arranged such that seal layers oppose each other and the second multilayer film is superimposed on the first multilayer film, the films sealed along a common peripheral edge;
a fitment comprising a base, the base comprising an ethylene/?-olefin multi-block copolymer consisting of an ethylene monomer and a C3-C20 ?-olefin comonomer, the ethylene/?-olefin multi-block copolymer having an elastic recovery from 50% to 90% as measured in accordance with ASTM D 1708 (300% min?1 deformation rate at 21° C.); and
a fitment seal comprising the base located between the multilayer films and the base is sealed to each multilayer film at a portion of the common peripheral edge.

US Pat. No. 10,427,850

QUICK-ADJUST TENSIONER

Akerworks, Inc., Knoxvil...

1. A tensioner, comprising:a stop, a first member, and a foot;
said stop includes a first aperture, wherein at least a portion of said stop that defines said first aperture comprises a resilient material;
said first member connects said stop to said foot, said first member is resilient, said first member is configured to bias to a straight position;
said foot includes a second aperture, said second aperture is circular, wherein any diameter of said second aperture is greater than the smallest diameter of said first aperture, said first and second apertures are parallel when said first member is in said straight position;
wherein a first side of said stop, a first side of said first member, and a first side of said foot are contiguous and defined by a first plane when said first member is straight;
wherein a second side of said stop, a second side of said first member, and a second side of said foot are contiguous, said second side of said first member is defined by a second plane when said first member is straight;
wherein a third side of said stop, a third side of said first member, and a third side of said foot are contiguous, said third side of said first member is defined by a third plane when said first member is straight;
wherein said stop is thicker than said foot such that a height of said first aperture is greater than a height of said second aperture;
wherein said first member is capable of bending such that said first aperture aligns completely superposed in said second aperture;
wherein said first member is capable of bending such that said stop contacts said foot such that said first and second apertures are coaxial while said first member maintains full resilience to bias return to said straight position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,849

CABLE TIE ADAPTER

Advanced Cable Ties, Inc....

1. A unitary molded plastic one-piece cable tie adapter, comprising:unitary front and rear portions that are parts of a single structure:
a front, and an opposing rear edge:
an upper surface that is contiguous from the front to the rear edge: wherein the front portion comprises: a front portion bottom;
a securing slot that extends from the contiguous upper surface to the front portion bottom; and a movable pawl in the securing slot; andwherein the rear portion comprises:a rear portion bottom;
a cavity that is spaced from the securing slot and that is open to the contiguous upper surface;
an elongated slot extending from the cavity to the rear edge, the elongated slot having an open top that is open to the contiguous surface; and a fixed securing mechanism located on the contiguous upper surface and extending across part of the elongated slot, to partially cover the open top of the elongated slot; and
wherein the adapter is configured such that a cable tie with a head and a strap can be installed in the adapter by placement of the cable tie head in the rear portion cavity with the cable tie strap extending through the entire length of the elongated slot in the rear portion and extending through the securing slot and engaged with the movable pawl in the front portion.

US Pat. No. 10,427,848

INSULATING PACKAGE METHOD

Knauf Insulation SPRL, V...

1. A method of introducing mineral fiber blowing wool from a package of compressed mineral wool insulation loose blowing wool fibers into a blowing machine comprising:compressing uncompressed mineral wool insulation blowing wool fiber with a press along a single axis to produce a compressed bulk of blowing wool fibers;
retaining the compressed bulk of blowing wool fibers with at least one retainer to form the package,
removing the at least one retainer from the package and removing any enveloping film covering an upper surface of the blowing wool package; and
displacing mineral wool fibers from the upper surface of the package to an inlet of a blowing machine.

US Pat. No. 10,427,847

CONTAINER WITH A CHILD-PROOF LOCK

SANNER GMBH, Bensheim (D...

1. A container comprising:a container body having a container opening;
a container closure for the container opening, said closure being movable from a closed to an open position; and
a removable tamper-proof element,
wherein the container closure comprises a child safety device having an actuating element wherein the tamper-proof element blocks movement of at least a portion of the actuating element and wherein after the tamper-proof element is removed, at least a portion of the actuating element is movable from a first position, in which the container closure is secured, to a second position, in which the container closure is not secured,
wherein the actuating element has a sliding body that can be moved from the first to the second position, and wherein the sliding body has a window wherein the tamper-proof element is arranged in the window.

US Pat. No. 10,427,846

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING PACKAGE TAMPERING

Walmart Apollo, LLC, Ben...

1. A tape dispensing system, the system comprising:packaging tape including a first portion and a second portion;
an application apparatus that is configured to apply the packaging tape to a first package and a second package;
an incision element that is configured at a first time to define a first unique pattern and that is configured at a second time to define a second unique pattern, the incision element being connected to the application apparatus, wherein the incision element comprises multiple prongs and a number of the prongs and a height of each of the prongs are varied to obtain the first unique pattern at the first time and are readjusted at the second time to obtain the second unique pattern;
such that a movement of the application apparatus is effective to punch or incise the first unique pattern defined by the incision element completely through the first portion of the packaging tape and into the first package as indentations as or after the first portion of the packaging tape is applied to the first package at the first time;
such that a movement of the application apparatus is effective to punch or incise the second unique pattern defined by the incision element completely through the second portion of the packaging tape and into the second package as indentations as or after the second portion of the packaging tape is applied to the second package at the second time;
wherein a first incised pattern is formed through the first portion of the tape, and a second incised pattern is formed in the first package, and wherein a first inspection is performed to determine if the first incised pattern through the first portion of the tape aligns with the second incised pattern in the first package;
wherein a third incised pattern is formed through the second portion of the tape, and a fourth incised pattern is formed in the second package, and wherein a second inspection is performed to determine if the third incised pattern through the second portion of the tape aligns with the fourth incised pattern in the second package;
wherein the indentations in the first package are filled with ink to facilitate the first inspection and the indentations in the second package are filled with ink to facilitate the second inspection.

US Pat. No. 10,427,845

TAMPER EVIDENT CLOSURE

Obrist Closures Switzerla...

1. A closure comprising:a body portion having engagement means for engagement with a container to prevent removal of the body portion from the container, wherein the engagement means comprises at least one clip for securing the body portion to a neck of the container, and wherein the body portion is made from plastic, and
a shell for engagement with the body portion, wherein the shell comprises securing means arranged in use to secure the engagement means onto the container, and wherein the securing means is a bead, wherein the shell is made from metal;
wherein the bead secures the at least one clip to the container so that the body portion cannot be removed from the container after the closure has been applied to the container.

US Pat. No. 10,427,844

CONTAINER LID

1. A lid for a bucket, said lid comprising:a side wall extending upward from a collar along a circular lower edge and forming a dome;
said collar selectively securing said lid to said bucket, said bucket being formed of paper or corrugated material and having a lip with a thickness along a circumference of a top portion of said bucket, where said collar has a plurality of horizontal detents shaped as trapezoids that project inward toward a central axis of said collar and to a greater extent than the circular lower edge to latch onto a bottom portion of said lip when said lip is within a specified thickness, each of said plurality of horizontal detents vertically offset above the circular lower edge of said collar and each of said plurality of horizontal detents having a lower width proximal to the circular lower edge that is less than an upper width proximal to said side wall, each of said plurality of horizontal detents separated by at least one of a plurality of outwardly extending ribs and a region lacking a horizontal detent, each of said plurality of outwardly extending ribs being orthogonal to said detents; and
a flexible and expandable under hang disposed below said plurality of detents, said flexible and expandable under hang having a diameter, said under hang having an circumferential indentation with an inward spring force that grabs said lip of said bucket when said lip is greater than the specified thickness and when said lip is less than the diameter such that said plurality of horizontal detents latch onto a bottom portion of said lip and able to compensate for a variation in the circumference of said bucket;
wherein each of said plurality of outwardly extending ribs extends from between said plurality of horizontal detents into said flexible and expandable under hang.

US Pat. No. 10,427,843

LIQUID DISPENSING SPOUT ASSEMBLY

TPG Plastics LLC, Willow...

1. A liquid dispensing spout assembly, comprising:a housing having a first cylindrical portion and a second cylindrical portion attached at an angle to the first cylindrical portion;
a spout attached to the second cylindrical portion; and
a valve assembly, the valve assembly including a valve shaft disposed inside the first cylindrical portion and a trigger mechanism atop the valve shaft, the trigger mechanism including a dual acting cap having a flexible portion with a tab disposed thereon, and requiring the two-step process of pressing the flexible portion toward the valve shaft until the tab clears a top of a first end of the first cylindrical portion and pushing on the dual acting cap to position the tab inside the first cylindrical portion to actuate the valve assembly, wherein actuation of the valve assembly is required for dispensing liquid through the spout.

US Pat. No. 10,427,842

TAMPER-EVIDENT CONTAINERS

SABERT CORPORATION, Sayr...

1. A tamper-evident container formed by thermoforming, comprising:a tub having a bottom and a sidewall forming an interior volume, the tub further comprising an edge extending peripherally outward from an upper edge of the sidewall;
a lid having an edge extending peripherally outward therefrom, the lid edge being configured to mate with the tub edge to close the container, the lid edge having an inner portion and an outer portion, the inner and outer portions having a perforated section therebetween, the perforated section extending continuously around the entire periphery of the lid, whereby the outer portion forms a tamper-evident seal removable from the inner portion for removing the lid from the tub; and
a plurality of texture elements distributed around the outer portion of the lid edge, the texture elements being configured to provide a visual indication of the presence of the tamper-evident seal,
wherein the tub edge is disposed beneath the outer portion of the lid edge and extends peripherally outward so that a substantial part of the outer portion of the lid edge does not extend below the tub edge in a vertical direction of the container in an upright orientation,
and wherein a tab extends from the outer portion of the lid edge and beyond the tub edge, the tab extending below the tub edge in the vertical direction of the container.

US Pat. No. 10,427,841

CENTERING AID FOR CONTAINER LID

Aesculap AG, (DE)

1. A container havinga container trough with an access opening,
a container lid, and
a seal which is arranged between the container trough and the container lid in the closed state of the container, whereby the seal, in the closed state of the container, is in contact with the container trough and the container lid along the entire periphery of the access opening, and a centering aid
wherein
the centering aid has a first centering device, which is provided on either the container lid or the container trough,
a second centering device which is provided on the other one of either the container lid or the container trough,
the centering devices are made from a material which has a higher modulus of elasticity than the seal,
the container trough includes a first fastening element adjacent to the first centering device, and
the container lid includes a second fastening element pivotally connected to the container lid adjacent to the second centering device, and the container lid is secured to the container trough when the second fastening element is fastened to the first fastening element, wherein
the first centering device has four planar projections which run in a lateral direction to form an angle in relation to the longitudinal axis of the container and the transverse axis of the container and wherein the second centering device has four recesses which are adjusted appropriately to accommodate and interlock corresponding planar projections.

US Pat. No. 10,427,840

PRESS IN FLANGE CONTAINER CLOSURE SYSTEM

GREIF INTERNATIONAL HOLDI...

17. A method of snap-fittingly installing an insert in an aperture in a container wall,the insert comprising an external circumferential groove; an internally threaded, through-going opening adapted to receive a complementary, externally threaded plug to form a fluid-tight sealed closure; and an end forming a tapered rim which, prior to installation of the insert in the container aperture, provides:
(i) a guide surface and
(ii) a rearwardly facing shoulder;
an edge portion of the container aperture being formed as an upstanding collar;
the method comprising the steps of:
installing a sealing element in the circumferential groove;
pressing the insert into the collar so that the guide surface resiliently deforms the insert and/or the collar and the sealing element is carried into the collar under reduced or no compression, and further pressing the insert into the collar so as to allow a forward end of the collar to snap fit into place behind the rearwardly facing shoulder;
the insert and/or the collar thereby resiliently recovering so as to compress the sealing element between the circumferential groove and the upstanding collar.

US Pat. No. 10,427,839

RESEALABLE BAG

BAGEM PACKAGING SERVICES ...

1. An improved resealable bag of the type having:a pair of walls, each defining a side of the bag, the walls being joined to one another to define a pair of spaced apart side edges of the bag between which side edges of the walls each extend,
a bottom from which the walls extend and an upper edge to which the walls extend;
for each of the walls and operatively secured thereto, proximal to and spaced from the upper edge, a component, the components mating with one another to define a recloseable press-to-seal fastener,
the improvement comprising:
for each side of the bag, a flap disposed intermediate the recloseable fastener and the bottom; and
said flap defining an opening for receiving a first finger of a one hand, a bottom of said opening being located adjacent said recloseable press-to-seal fastener and the flap being sized and dimensioned such that the flap lies flush against the side of the bag except when stretched or drawn apart therefrom;
each side of the bag defining a finger pressure receiving region spaced from and located outside said flap and adjacent said recloseable fastener such that said first finger and a second finger of the one hand and a first and a second finger of another hand can be used to concurrently grip said sides of said bag such that said bag is gripped with both hands and said fingers cooperate to apply a pivotally directed opening force to said recloseable press-to-seal fastener in order to effect release of said recloseable press-to-seal fastener.

US Pat. No. 10,427,838

ERGONOMIC BOWL THAT REDUCES STRESS ON WRISTS

1. A bowl, comprising:a. a container having a bottom, an outer circumference divided between an upper half and a bottom half;
b. a curved flange having a curved flange proximal end having a curved flange proximal width and is mounted perpendicularly to said upper half, said curved flange includes a curved flange bridge that connects said proximal end with a curved flange distal end;
c. said curved flange bridge includes a curved flange bridge width, said curved flange proximal end includes a curved flange proximal end width that is greater than said curved flange bridge width, said curved flange distal end includes a curved flange distal end width that is greater than said curved flange bridge width, said curved flange bridge also includes two lateral sides that are concave and each define a nook adapted to receive a purlicue of a user's hand, thereby permitting a user to ergonomically rotate said bowl towards themselves; and
d. said curved flange distal end curves downwards towards the bottom of said container.

US Pat. No. 10,427,837

CONTAINER WITH FEATURE TO BLOCK FORK TINE OPENINGS

ORBIS Corporation, Ocono...

1. A tote style container having blocking features to prevent a fork tine from picking up a stack of like containers comprising:a container body having a bottom wall, a first side wall having a top edge, an opposing second side wall having a first side edge, a second side edge and a top edge, a first end wall having a first side edge, a second side edge and a top edge and an opposing second end wall having a first side edge, a second side edge and a top edge, wherein adjacent side edges of the side walls and end walls form four corners of the container body;
four corner portions extending upward past the top edges of the first and second side walls and first and second end walls, one each of the four corner portions located at each of the four corners of the container body;
a first handle connected to a top portion of the first end wall and forming a first opening between a first two of the four corner portions;
a second handle connected to a top portion of the second end wall and forming a second opening between a second two of the four corner portions, where the second opening is aligned with the first opening, the first and second openings sized and positioned to receive a tine of a fork truck; and,
a first lower wall extending downward from the bottom wall of the container body, the first lower wall positioned to block the first opening in a lower like container when stacked on the lower like container.

US Pat. No. 10,427,836

COMBINATION SHIPPING AND DISPLAY PACKAGE

1. A combination shipping and display package, comprising:(a) a container for holding an article to be shipped, said container having a hollow article receiving interior, an open top, and an outwardly projecting lip at said open top;
(b) a stand for supporting said container and article, said stand having four sidewalls that form a rectangular structure, each side wall having a top edge, a bottom edge, an inner surface and an outer surface, and said side walls being interconnected in such a manner so as to be movable between a collapsed position wherein the walls fold into a substantially flat compact shape and an expanded position wherein the walls move into a substantially upright open shape; and
(c) a cap for covering said stand, said cap including an upper surface and a lower surface, and a groove formed in its outer periphery engageable with and receiving therein the top edges of the side walls of the stand to maintain said stand in said expanded position, and a central opening defining an inwardly projecting ridge engageable with the lip of said container to support said container within the interior of said stand, said cap further including at least one pocket formed therein defining a recess in the upper surface thereof, said pocket further defining a pair of outer sides depending from said lower surface thereof and disposed at 90 degrees to each other, each of said outer sides defines a planar surface that abuts against the inner surface of an adjacent side wall of said stand, and an arcuate-shaped inner side depending from said lower surface thereof and disposed oppositely of said outer sides to define an arcuate-shaped surface that abuts against the container within said stand.

US Pat. No. 10,427,835

CONTAINER WITH INTERCHANGEABLE CRYSTAL DISPLAYS

1. A container with an interchangeable crystal display, the container comprising:a container body sized to accommodate a volume of a liquid, the container body having an upper end and a lower end;
a cap designed to removably engage with the upper end of the container body;
a container base designed to removably engage with the lower end of the container body; and
an interchangeable crystal display removably secured to a surface of the container base such that the interchangeable crystal display extends upwards from the container base into an interior of the container body when the container base is engaged with the lower end of the container body,
wherein the interchangeable crystal display further comprises a crystal removably secured to a crystal base, wherein the crystal base is designed to secure to the container base,
wherein at least one channel extends through a portion of the crystal proximate to the crystal base; and the channel has a diameter sufficient to accommodate a wire being threaded therethrough.

US Pat. No. 10,427,834

STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

Gridesic Holdings Limited...

1. A structural element in the form of a structural panel, the structural element comprising:two outer sheets that act as the tensile and compression chords, with the two outer sheets comprising multiple inwardly orientated pods throughout the structural panel, the inwardly orientated pods having apexes that are joined together, which pods have a close proximity to one another in order to be mechanically interdependent creating a double depth space-frame lattice type matrix where loads placed on a surface of the structural panel are resisted and transferred through the chords and with the inwardly orientated pods acting as interconnecting diagonal braces such that the loads are transmitted along the surfaces of the pods in multiple directions and distributed throughout the structural element,
wherein walls of a side cross-section of joined pods form diamond beam formations with adjacent joined pods such that multiple diamond beam structures are formed in the structural element in the negative spaces immediately between pairs of joined pods,
wherein the walls of the side cross-section of each of the inwardly orientated pods comprise straight sides,
wherein the pods are frusto-conical in shape, and
wherein mouths of the pods are round and arranged in rows, adjacent rows being staggered to define a grid with centerlines for the pods at 120° from one another, and the pods being spaced apart between 1 and 11% of the pod diameter.

US Pat. No. 10,427,833

ASSEMBLABLE PALLET

AIR-BAG PACKING CO., LTD....

1. A pallet, comprising:a plurality of first base members, each of the first base members comprising a first base body, a plurality of first fixing grooves formed on the first base body, and a first angled fixing groove formed on the first base body, wherein the first fixing grooves of each of the first base members are in communication with each other, the first fixing grooves of each of the first base members are oriented orthogonally, and one end of the first angled fixing groove intersects with one end of each of the first fixing grooves;
a plurality of second base members, each of the second base members located between the corresponding two first base members, wherein each of the second base members comprises a second base body, a second fixing groove formed on the second base body, and a second slot formed on the second base body, wherein one end of the second fixing groove is in communication with the second slot, and the second fixing groove and the second slot of each of the second base members are oriented orthogonally;
a central base member, located between the second base members, wherein the central base member comprises a central base body, a plurality of central slots formed on the central base body, and a plurality of central angled slots formed on the central base body, wherein the central slots are intersected at an intersecting point of the central base body, and the central slots and the central angled slots cross at an intersecting point of the central base body;
a plurality of connecting bars, fixedly received in the first fixing grooves, the second fixing grooves, the second slots, and the central slots to secure the central base member, the first base members, and the second base members to form a pallet frame, wherein two ends of each of the connecting bars are abutted against respective inner walls of the first fixing grooves or respective inner walls of the second fixing grooves, so that the connecting bars are positionally restricted by the first fixing grooves, the second fixing grooves, and the central slots;
a plurality of slanted connecting bars, fixedly received in the first angled fixing grooves and the central angled slots to secure the central base member and the first base members, wherein the slanted connecting bars are positionally restricted by the first angled fixing grooves and the central angled slots; and
a loading plate, fixed on the pallet frame.

US Pat. No. 10,427,831

DECK STORAGE BOX

Plastic Development Group...

1. A deck box comprising:a bottom panel having edges defining a perimeter, the bottom panel including a pair of guides or rails at a corresponding pair of opposing edge regions;
a pair of side panels, each panel having a bottom edge region with a corresponding guide or rail for engaging with one of the guides or rails of the bottom panel, each panel further having a pair of opposing side edge regions that each have a guide or rail;
a front panel having a pair of opposing side edge regions, each side edge region having a guide or rail for engaging with one of the guides or rails of one of the side panels;
a back panel having a pair of opposing side edge regions, each side edge region having a guide or rail for engaging with one of the guides or rails of one of the side panels, the back panel having a top edge region with a first hinge member; and
a lid having a second hinge member for engaging with the first hinge member to hingedly connect the lid to the back panel;
wherein the guides or rails on the bottom edge region of the side panels are guides, and the guides or rails on the bottom panel are rails for slideably engaging with the guides of the side panels to assemble the side panels to the bottom panel;
wherein the bottom edge region of each side panel includes only a single guide that is open at one edge of the side panel and does not extend along an entire length of the bottom edge region such that a limited engagement path is defined for limiting the sliding engagement of the side panels with the bottom panel.

US Pat. No. 10,427,830

ROTATING SIDEWALL STOP FOR SUPPORTING FOLDING SIDEWALLS OF A HEIGHT-EXTENDED BULK BOX

Schaefer Systems Internat...

1. A height-extended bulk box, comprising:(a) a quadrilateral base;
(b) four height-extending walls connected to respective sides of the base;
(c) four sidewalls pivotally mounted to respective ones of the height-extending walls and movable between a vertically erected use position and a collapsed configuration wherein the sidewalls are rotated inwardly into the area defined by quadrilateral base; and
(d) at least one sidewall stop positioned on one of the height-extending walls and movable between a non-use stowed position and a deployed position that extends into the volume of the bulk box and arrests movement of a first of the sidewalls to be moved into a collapsed position past a position substantially parallel to the top deck of the base.

US Pat. No. 10,427,828

CORRUGATED PAPERBOARD BOX, PERFORATION FORMING METHOD FOR PERFORATING CORRUGATED PAPERBOARD SHEET, AND PERFORATION FORMING DEVICE AND PERFORATION FORMING UNIT FOR PERFORATING CORRUGATED PAPERBOARD SHEET

RENGO CO., LTD., Osaka (...

1. A corrugated paperboard box comprising:corrugated paperboard including:
an outer linerboard,
an inner linerboard, and
a corrugated medium provided between the outer linerboard and the inner linerboard,
wherein the corrugated paperboard box has:
a peripheral wall formed by bending the corrugated paperboard into a tubular shape such that the inner linerboard constitutes an inner surface of the corrugated paperboard box; and
flaps integrally connected to one of two ends of the peripheral wall,
wherein the corrugated paperboard box has a boundary area between the peripheral wall and the flaps, a groove-shaped reverse scoreline recessed on a side of the outer linerboard at the boundary area, and a pair of groove-shaped recesses recessed on a side of the inner linerboard at the boundary area, the pair of groove-shaped recesses extending in parallel to each other so as to sandwich a reverse scoreline area in which the reverse scoreline extends,
wherein the corrugated paperboard box has a perforated line in one of the pair of groove-shaped recesses, the perforated line configured to allow the flaps to be separated from the peripheral wall, and the perforated line comprising a plurality of cuts penetrating through the inner linerboard, the corrugated medium, and the outer linerboard,
wherein the corrugated paperboard is configured to allow the flaps to be bent along the perforated line toward an inner surface of the peripheral wall,
wherein each of the cuts of the perforated line has a first cut portion formed in the outer linerboard, and a second cut portion formed in the inner linerboard, and
wherein the perforated line is formed such that a width of each of the first cut portions in an orthogonal direction relative to a direction in which the perforated line extends is smaller than a width of each of the second cut portions in the orthogonal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,827

BOX WITH IMPROVED GRIPPING FUNCTIONALITY

1. A box, comprising:at least four side panels, including:
a first minor panel foldably coupled to a first minor flap;
a first major panel foldably coupled to a first major flap;
a second minor panel foldably coupled to a second minor flap;
a second major panel foldably coupled to a second major flap;
a top end; and
a bottom end,
wherein the top end includes the first and second minor flaps and the first and second major flaps, with the first minor flap positioned opposite the second minor flap, and the first major flap positioned opposite the second major flap,
wherein portions of the first and second major flaps overlie portions of the first and second minor flaps,
wherein an opening extends through portions of the first and second major flaps between the first and second minor flaps, and
wherein the opening extends an entire distance between opposing peripheral edges of the first and second major panels.

US Pat. No. 10,427,826

REUSABLE JUG

1. A device, which is comprised of:a. a jug;
wherein the jug has a top opening and a bottom opening;
wherein a set of female threads are provided on the bottom opening of the jug;
wherein a set of male threads are provided on the top opening of the jug;
b. a top cap;
wherein the top cap provides female threads;
wherein the top cap threads over the male threads of the top opening of the jug;
c. a large bottom cap;
wherein the large bottom cap provides a set of male threads;
wherein the large bottom cap provides a first set of female threads;
wherein the large bottom cap provides a second set of female threads;
wherein the large bottom cap threads into the bottom opening of the jug;
wherein the large bottom cap has an opening;
wherein the first set of female threads are provided within the opening;
d. a small bottom cap;
wherein the small bottom cap has a set of male threads;
wherein the male threads of the small bottom cap thread into the first set of female threads of the large bottom cap;
e. an internal receptacle;
wherein the internal receptacle has male threads;
wherein the internal receptacle threads into the second set of female threads of the large bottom cap;
f. a first seal;
wherein the first seal is provided between the large bottom cap and the bottom opening of the jug;
g. a second seal;
wherein the second seal is provided between the large bottom cap and the internal receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,825

PORTABLE CANTEEN WITH STORAGE COMPARTMENTS

1. A canteen for removably concealing at least one article within a bottom cavity of the canteen, wherein the canteen comprises:a main body; wherein the main body comprises:
an exterior surface that is substantially opaque exteriorly hiding the bottom cavity;
a top cavity and the bottom cavity both of which are formed from the main body;
wherein the top cavity and the bottom cavity are longitudinally disposed of each other in a manner that a bottom portion of the top cavity is disposed above a roof portion of the bottom cavity;
wherein a volume of the top cavity is bound by a top interior surface of the top cavity that runs from a top opening of the top cavity to the bottom portion of the top cavity, wherein the top opening of the top cavity is disposed above the bottom portion of the top cavity; wherein a volume of the bottom cavity is bound by a bottom interior surface of the bottom cavity that runs from a bottom opening of the bottom cavity to the roof portion of the bottom cavity, wherein the bottom opening of the bottom cavity is disposed beneath the roof portion of the bottom cavity; wherein less than a majority of the volume of the bottom cavity extends into the volume of the top cavity in a manner that is radially symmetrical about a shared central longitudinal axis of both the top cavity and the bottom cavity; and
a bottom lid, wherein the bottom lid is of a fixed length, wherein the bottom lid is closed at an end distal from the roof portion of the bottom cavity, wherein the bottom lid is substantially hollow, wherein the bottom lid removably seals the bottom opening of the bottom cavity, wherein removable attachment of the bottom lid to the main body allows the at least one article to be removably concealed within the bottom cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,427,824

BEVERAGE BOTTLE

Viewtec Japan Co., Ltd., ...

1. A beverage bottle comprising:a bottle body having a volume-reducing structure capable of reducing the volume of the bottle body;
a cap capable of sealing an opening of the bottle body; and
a shrunken state-maintaining means provided on said bottle body to cause the bottle body having been reduced in volume to be maintained in the reduced volume state while containing liquid contents,
wherein said volume-reducing structure is configured of substantially longitudinal helical protrusions and recesses respectively formed on the bottle body, and said shrunken state-maintaining means is provided on a trunk section of the bottle body at a substantially central longitudinal portion of the trunk section, and is configured with an integral squeezing means for squeezing and maintaining the trunk section having been narrowed by being squeezed along said helical protrusions and recesses, and,
wherein said bottle body maintains the shrunken state created thereby, while containing liquid contents.

US Pat. No. 10,427,823

LIGHTWEIGHT NECK FINISH FOR A CONTAINER

Silgan White Cap LLC, Do...

1. A container comprising:a body portion defining an interior; and
a neck finish comprising:
a cylindrical neck having a first end and a second end;
a channel extending between the first end and the second end of the neck;
the first end of the neck being attached to and extending from an upper end of the body portion;
the second end of the neck defining an opening configured to provide for fluid communication between the interior of the body portion and a location outside the container;
a thread extending about an exterior surface of an upper portion of the neck, the thread configured to engage a corresponding engagement structure on a closure to seal the opening when a closure is attached to the neck; and
a retention element extending outwardly from the exterior surface of the neck at a location below a lowermost portion of the thread, the retention element configured to engage a corresponding retention structure on a tamper band portion of a closure upon initial removal of a closure formed with a tamper band from the neck of the container, the retention element comprising:
a first structure comprising:
an upper surface extending between a first end and a second end, the first end of the upper surface attached to the exterior surface of the neck; and
a lower surface extending between a first end and a second end, the first end of the lower surface being attached to the exterior surface of the neck;
the second end of the upper surface and the second end of the lower surface each being located radially outwards relative to the exterior surface of the neck at substantially the same distance as measured from a vertical axis about which the neck is centered;
the second end of the upper surface and the second end of the lower surface each being located at substantially the same height along the vertical axis;
the upper surface extending between the upper surface first end and the upper surface second end along a curve; and
a second structure comprising:
a circumferentially extending main body portion having an uppermost end attached to and extending downwards from a bottom end of the lower surface of the first structure;
a radially outermost portion of an exterior surface of the main body being located radially inwards relative to each of the second ends of the of the upper and lower surfaces of the first structure;
a lowermost end of the exterior surface of the main body being located radially outwards relative to the exterior surface of the neck and radially inwards relative to each of the second ends of the of the upper and lower surfaces of the first structure; and
a circumferentially extending groove formed within and extending circumferentially about at least a portion of the main body at a height along the main body located between the uppermost end and the lowermost end;
the circumferentially extending groove having a height as measured along the vertical axis and a length as measured in a circumferential direction, the length of the circumferentially extending groove being greater than the height of the circumferentially extending groove.

US Pat. No. 10,427,822

CONTAINERS AND RECYCLABLE TAMPER-EVIDENT CLOSURE ASSEMBLIES

GUALA CLOSURES S.P.A., A...

1. An assembly, comprising:a container with a neck and a mouth, said neck extending along a longitudinal axis and terminating on top in an annular rim that delimits the mouth,
a tamper-evident closure coupled to said container for opening and closing said mouth, said neck comprising:
a tubular wall extending along said longitudinal axis between a lower portion and an upper portion, the annular rim being formed at a upper end of the upper portion,
threads formed outside the tubular wall, longitudinally beneath and adjacent to said annular rim, such threads having a minimum diameter D1 and a maximum diameter D2 and longitudinally extending between a lower end of the threads and an upper end of the threads,
a projection formed outside the tubular wall longitudinally beneath said lower end of the threads, said projection having a maximum diameter D3 that is greater than the minimum diameter D1 of the threads and less than or equal to the maximum diameter D2 of the threads,
a groove formed in the projection and extending in a circumferential or helical direction, with a minimum diameter D4 that is less than the maximum diameter D3 of the projection and less than the maximum diameter D2 of the threads, between a first end of the groove and a second end of the groove,
a ramp extending in the circumferential or helical direction to join the second end of the groove with a portion of the projection, to thereby join the minimum diameter D4 of the groove to the maximum diameter D3 of the projection, and
said tamper-evident closure comprising:
a closure member configured to open and close said mouth, said closure member comprising a top wall and a sleeve, the sleeve being arranged coaxially outside the neck and longitudinally extending between said top wall and a bottom edge of the sleeve, said sleeve comprising threads removably engaged with the threads of the container,
a skirt arranged coaxially outside the neck and longitudinally beneath the sleeve, said skirt longitudinally extending with a maximum diameter D5 between a top edge of the skirt and a bottom edge of the skirt, the top edge of the skirt being connected to the bottom edge of the sleeve using a frangible portion, which is configured to break upon first opening to allow removal of the closure member from the neck, said skirt having a first attachment portion and a second attachment portion, said first attachment portion being engaged in the groove to hold the skirt longitudinally attached to the neck upon the first opening and extending with a minimum diameter D6 between the first end of the groove and the second end of the groove, said second attachment portion being engaged with the ramp to join the first attachment portion having the minimum diameter D6 with a skirt portion having the maximum diameter D5,
so that, upon removal of the closure member from the neck, the skirt can be rotated relative to the neck to bring the first attachment portion to engage against the ramp and enlarge its diameter to the maximum diameter D5 to thereby disengage the first attachment portion from the groove and allow the skirt to be slid off the neck.

US Pat. No. 10,427,821

DELAMINATED CONTAINER MANUFACTURING METHOD AND AIR LEAK INSPECTION METHOD FOR DELAMINATED CONTAINER

KYORAKU CO., LTD., Kyoto...

1. A method of manufacturing a delaminatable container, comprising:forming a container body having an outer shell and an inner bag; and
preliminarily delaminating the inner bag from the outer shell in an entire circumference of a storage portion of the container body by rotating the container body while pressing the storage portion with a pressing mechanism from outside for compression or by moving the pressing mechanism along an outer circumference of the container body.

US Pat. No. 10,427,820

AUTOMATIC HIGH SPEED; LABELING SYSTEM HAVING AN IMPROVED LABEL STRIPPER

Sinclair Systems Internat...

1. An automatic, high speed produce labeling machine wherein a label applicator having a plurality of bellows carried on a rotary head includes a label stripper to strip individual labels from a label carrier strip and transfer said labels onto the tip of a single bellow, and thereafter onto individual items of produce wherein said label carrier strip has first and second edges, is drawn across said label stripper surface to separate individual labels from the center of said label carrier strip, and wherein said label carrier strip periodically becomes misaligned relative to said label stripper surface, the improved label stripper characterized by:said label stripper having a body, two mounting ears and a contoured surface;
said contoured surface including a central stripping segment and first and second separation segments;
said central stripping segment is positioned on the center of the pathway of said carrier strip to engage and strip said labels as said carrier strip is drawn across said label stripper;
said first and second separation segments are positioned laterally on opposite sides of said central stripping segment; and
both separation segments have surfaces inclined in a direction away from the path of said carrier strip, whereby as a label is stripped by said central stripping segment, said first and second edges of said carrier strip are separated from said contoured surface by said separation segments and do not contact said contoured surface of said label stripper, minimizing tension in said first and second edges of said carrier strip and maximizing tension in the center of said carrier strip.

US Pat. No. 10,427,819

PLURAL-MODE AUTOMATIC MEDICAMENT PACKAGING SYSTEM

CHUDY GROUP, LLC, Powers...

1. A plural-mode automatic medicament packaging system for making patient-specific compliance packages consisting of pouch packages or blister packages loaded with different types of medicaments in the sequence in which they are to be taken by the patient, the system comprising:a controller operable to control the system to make the patient-specific compliance packages in accordance with each patient's prescription order,
an automatic medicament dispensing unit in data-transmission relationship with the controller, the dispensing unit including a plurality of medicament storage and dispensing units collectively holding quantities of different types of medicaments, the storage and dispensing units being controlled by the controller in accordance with each patient's prescription order to dispense the type and quantity of each different type of medicament required to load pouch packages of a series of pouch packages or to load cells of a blister Package in the sequence in which the medicaments are to be taken by the patient;
a pouch packaging unit in data-transmission relationship with the controller which receives the medicaments dispensed from the storage and dispensing units, the pouch packaging unit being controlled by the controller in accordance with each patient's prescription order to package the medicaments in the pouch packages of the series of pouch packages such that the type and quantity of the different types of medicaments are arranged in successive pouch packages in the sequence in which they are to be taken by the patient;
a blister package packaging unit in data-transmission relationship with the controller which receives the medicaments dispensed from the storage and dispensing units, the blister packaging unit being controlled by the controller in accordance with each patient's prescription order to package the medicaments in the cells of the blister package such that the type and quantity of the different types of medicaments are arranged in successive cells in the sequence in which they are to be taken by the patient, the blister package packaging unit including:
a robotic pick-and-place device which loads any of the medicaments into any cell of the blister package to arrange the type and quantity of the different types of medicaments in the cells in the sequence in which they are to be taken by the patient; and
a scaler unit which seals the blister package after loading; and
a plural-position medicament diverter apart from the storage and dispensing units and in data-transmission relationship with the controller, the diverter being controlled by the controller and having first and second mode positions such that, in the first-mode position, the medicaments move from the storage and dispensing units to the pouch packaging unit and, in the second-mode position, the diverter is controlled such that medicaments move from the storage and dispensing units to the diverter and the diverter delivers the medicaments to the blister package packaging unit enabling the robotic pick-and-place device to load and arrange the different types of medicaments into the blister package cells in the sequence in which they are to be taken by the patient.

US Pat. No. 10,427,818

STRAPPING APPARATUS, STRAPPING METHOD AND PAPER SHEETS PROCESSING APPARATUS

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A strapping apparatus comprising:a main controller that sets a denomination of paper sheets to be strapped, and
determines a color of a strap band to strap a bundle of the paper sheets, based on the denomination;
a strap band supply device that stores a first strap band reel having strap bands to be supplied;
an imaging device that acquires an image of the first strap band reel;
a sub-controller that decides a color of the first strap band reel, based on the image; wherein
the main controller presents a warning via a monitor if the color of the first strap band reel is different from the color determined by the main controller; wherein the sub-controller decides a remaining quantity of the first strap band reel, based on the image, the strap band supply device further stores a second strap band reel, the sub-controller makes the strap band supply device supply strap bands from the second strap band reel if the remaining quantity of the first strap band reel is less than a predetermined remaining quantity, and the main controller presents the warning via the monitor if a color of the second strap band reel is different from the color determined by the main controller and if the remaining quantity of the first strap band reel is less than the predetermined remaining quantity.

US Pat. No. 10,427,817

SHAFT SYSTEM COMPRISING A PLURALITY OF RECEIVING SHAFTS ARRANGED IN PARALLEL SIDE BY SIDE FOR RECEIVING FOIL BAGS

INDAG POUCH PARTNERS GMBH...

1. A shaft system comprising:a plurality of exchangeable format parts forming walls of a plurality of receiving shafts arranged in parallel side by side for receiving foil bags,
wherein at side surfaces of the format parts which guide the foil bags, the format parts have lateral recesses of a depth (d), the depth of the recesses of two neighboring format parts defining a width (b) of the receiving shaft formed between them and a shape of the recesses of two neighboring format parts defining a contour of the receiving shaft formed between them,
wherein the width and/or the contour of the receiving shafts is changeable by replacing a first group of exchangeable format parts of said plurality of exchangeable format parts with a second group of exchangeable format parts of said plurality of exchangeable format parts, wherein each of the format parts of the first group comprises one or more recesses with a different depth and/or shape than the format parts of the second group; and
a plurality of holding elements for fastening the format parts to a frame at a rear side of the receiving shafts, wherein each of said holding elements is fastened to a respective wall of the frame, the respective walls being fastened side by side to a cross beam, or wherein the holding elements are fastened side by side to a continuous wall of the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,427,816

METHOD FOR LAYING MULTIPLE CONDUCTORS IN A CONTAINER

Southwire Company, LLC, ...

1. A method for laying multiple conductors in a container, the method comprising:receiving the multiple conductors from at least one payoff reel at a monitoring station configured to monitor a length of each of the multiple conductors;
passing the multiple conductors through a tension equalization capstan;
receiving the multiple conductors at a variable speed drive; and
receiving the multiple conductors at the container.

US Pat. No. 10,427,815

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING PACKAGES

KHS GmbH, Dortmund (DE)

1. An apparatus for forming a container package, said apparatus comprising a guide rail, a container inlet, a first container treatment section, a second container treatment section, a first adhesive-applicator, a second adhesive-applicator, a transport section, a first clamp head, and a second clamp head, wherein said container inlet is configured for receiving a two-lane container stream, wherein said first treatment section receives a first lane of said container stream, wherein said second treatment section receives a second lane of said container stream, wherein said first adhesive applicator is configured to apply adhesive to containers in said first treatment section, wherein said second adhesive applicator is configured to apply adhesive to containers in said second treatment section, wherein said transport section follows said first and second treatment section, wherein said transport section conveys an at least two-lane container stream along a transport direction, wherein said first clamp head and said second clamp head cooperate to separate containers moving along said transport direction into container groups, wherein, in operation, said first and second clamp heads each comprise a container holder configured to grip a container on a surface thereof, wherein said first and second clamp heads are disposed to move together along said transport section opposite each other, wherein said first and second clamp heads are configured to cooperate to compress containers in a container group together so that adhesive applied to said containers binds said containers together to form said container package, wherein said clamp head comprises a headpiece that forms said container holder and a trolley that is guided on said guide rail, said headpiece being configured to be slid in a controlled manner and guided on said trolley for executing a delivery and clamping movement, and wherein said head piece is exchangeable for other head pieces to accommodate different container formats.

US Pat. No. 10,427,814

CONTINUOUS ROTARY WIRE TIE ASSEMBLY

Accent Packaging, Inc., ...

1. A gear-train for driving a wire tying assembly, the gear-train comprising:a main-drive gear configured to be continuously driven in a first direction throughout the duration of a wire tying cycle;
an idler gear having a first dwell portion and a second dwell portion, the idler gear being configured to mesh with the main-drive gear during a portion of the wire tying cycle and to dwell relative to the main-drive gear during a portion of the wire tying cycle when the first dwell portion is adjacent to the main-drive gear; and
a twister pinion gear having a wire receiving channel and configured to be in mesh with the idler gear during a portion of the wire tying cycle and to dwell relative to the idler gear during a portion of the wire tying cycle when the second dwell portion is adjacent to the twister pinion gear.

US Pat. No. 10,427,812

ALL-MODEL ALUMINUM PRODUCT AUTOMATIC PACKING MACHINE

GUANGDONG JMA ALUMINIUM P...

1. An automatic packing machine, comprising:a rack;
a packing mechanism disposed on the rack; and
a feeding mechanism configured to deliver aluminum products to the packing mechanism;
wherein:
the packing mechanism comprises universal clamps symmetrically disposed at two ends of the rack and being configured to fix the aluminum products, the universal clamps being further configured to:
rotate under driving of a rotating motor, and
stretch forward and retract backward under driving of a pneumatic push rod; and
the rack includes a packing platform, and the packing platform includes a pressing piece provided at one side of the packing platform corresponding to the universal clamps and capable of turning upward.

US Pat. No. 10,427,811

DEVICE FOR FILLING A CONTAINER

KRONES AG, Neutraubling ...

1. A device for filling a container with a fill product comprising:a fill product reservoir comprising a valve disposed in a base of the fill product reservoir;
a dosing cylinder comprising a dosing piston configured to be displaceable for dosing the fill product; and
a discharge channel comprising an outlet end that discharges the fill product into the container and a discharge plunger that expels a product residue at an end of a filling process, wherein:
the fill product reservoir, the dosing cylinder, and the discharge channel are in communication with each other via a product channel,
the valve opens and closes a connection between the fill product reservoir and the product channel,
the discharge channel is in communication with the dosing cylinder via an inclined section of the product channel,
a lower blocking edge of the inclined section is disposed at a level below a level defined by a lower center of the dosing piston,
a lower edge of a wall of the dosing cylinder proximate to the fill product reservoir is disposed at a level that is higher than the lower blocking edge of the inclined section,
at the end of the filling process, when no further fill product is being conveyed through the product channel, the discharge plunger, by adopting its lowered position, is configured to expel fill product that is still present in the discharge channel through the outlet end, and
an aperture in the base of the fill product reservoir is disposed at a higher level than the level defined by the lower center of the dosing piston.

US Pat. No. 10,427,810

PHARMACY PACKAGING SYSTEM

RXSAFE LLC, Vista, CA (U...

1. A packaging unit for packaging pharmaceuticals into a pouch, the packaging unit comprising:packaging equipment operable to form the pouch;
a track configured to direct the pharmaceuticals toward the packaging equipment; and
a receptacle coupled to the track upstream of the packaging equipment to receive the pharmaceuticals from the track, the receptacle including a valve mechanism that is movable relative to the track to push the pharmaceuticals into the pouch.

US Pat. No. 10,427,809

PHARMACY PACKAGING SYSTEM

RXSAFE LLC, Vista, CA (U...

1. A system for storing and packaging pharmaceuticals, the system comprising:a frame configured to store cassettes that contain pharmaceuticals;
a cassette-moving assembly coupled to the frame, the cassette-moving assembly operable to move relative to the frame to retrieve the cassettes from the frame;
a dispensing area positioned adjacent the frame to receive the cassettes from the cassette-moving assembly, the dispensing area operable to selectively open the cassettes;
packaging equipment in communication with the dispensing area, the packaging equipment including a feed stock roll for forming pouches, the packaging equipment operable to fill the pouches with pharmaceuticals that are dispensed from the cassettes in the dispensing area;
a control system coupled to the cassette-moving assembly and the packaging equipment to control operation of the cassette-moving assembly and the packaging equipment;
a chute connecting the dispensing area to the packaging equipment, the chute including a plurality of tracks, each track corresponding to one of the cassettes supported on the dispensing area; and
a receptacle supported by the packing equipment between the chute and the feed stock roll,
wherein the plurality of tracks converge to direct the pharmaceuticals that are dispensed from the cassettes into the receptacle, and wherein receptacle directs the pharmaceuticals received from the plurality of tracks as a group into the pouches formed by the feed stock roll,
wherein the dispensing area is configured to simultaneously support more than one cassette.

US Pat. No. 10,427,808

SPACECRAFT PAYLOAD EJECTION SYSTEM

MacDonald, Dettwiler and ...

1. A system configured to host and controllably eject a payload from a host spacecraft, comprising:a payload ejection mechanism attached to the host spacecraft, said payload ejection mechanism including a base plate attached to said host spacecraft and a payload release plate;
a payload assembly releasably attached to said payload release plate, a payload being attachable to said payload assembly; and
said payload ejection mechanism including at least two deployment assemblies coupled to said base plate via a first hinge coupling at one end thereof to the base and at another end thereof to said payload release plate via a second hinge coupling, said at least two deployment assemblies being extendable between a stowed position and a fully extended position, said first and second hinge coupling each having a hinge axis, said hinge axes being non parallel to each other so that upon deployment said at least two deployment assemblies are constrained to deploy such that a plane of said payload assembly remains parallel to said base plate;
wherein said payload ejection mechanism to accommodates payloads having centers of mass not coincident with the geometric center of mass of said payload release plate in order to eject said payload assembly away from said host spacecraft such that an effective force vector generated by said payload ejection mechanism acts through a center of mass of said payload at a moment of release of said payload assembly from said payload ejection mechanism regardless of the location of said payload center of mass with respect to the geometric center of said payload release plate.

US Pat. No. 10,427,807

METHOD OF FABRICATING A FLEXIBLE, LOW-DENSITY THERMAL PROTECTION MATERIAL

United States of America ...

1. A method of fabricating a low-density thermal protection material, the method comprising:providing a flexible substrate;
providing a slurry including a carrier liquid and pyrolizable thermoset resin particles that have already been cured and that are immersed in, but not soluble in, the carrier liquid;
impregnating the slurry into the substrate to form an impregnated substrate; and
removing the carrier liquid from the impregnated substrate to provide said low-density thermal protection material that remains flexible after the thermoset resin particles are fully pyrolized.

US Pat. No. 10,427,806

DEPLOYMENT AND CONTROL ALGORITHMS FOR WHEEL CLUSTER FORMATIONS OF SATELLITES

The Aerospace Corporation...

1. A process for controlling a companion satellite in a wheel orbit formation, comprising:determining, by at least one processor, one or more deviations in an orbit of the companion satellite; and
controlling, by the at least one processor, the companion satellite to minimize effects of perturbing forces, wherein
the determining of the one or more deviations comprises determining the one or more deviations in eccentricity vector components es and ec,
the one or more deviations caused by a difference in the perturbing forces between a center satellite and the companion satellite.

US Pat. No. 10,427,804

ORBITAL MECHANICS OF IMPULSIVE LAUNCH

QUICKLAUNCH, INC., Carme...

1. A method of launching a vehicle to orbit about Earth, wherein the method comprises launching the vehicle in a direction that is easterly or due east using an impulsive force and along a trajectory that defines an elliptical orbital path, whereina. the elliptical orbital path has an apogee and a perigee;
b. the direction of launch is in a plane corresponding to the elliptical orbital path of the vehicle;
c. the vehicle's trajectory apogee is closely matched to (1) an orbital altitude of a space object or (2) a place of rendezvous with the space object,
d. the vehicle has a fly-out time from a launch site, said fly-out time being measured from a launch time to a time that the vehicle first achieves the vehicle's trajectory apogee, and
e. the vehicle launch occurs about one-third of said fly-out time prior to the space object passing overhead of a position of the launch site at the launch time.

US Pat. No. 10,427,803

ANCHORING VEHICLE FOR ANCHORING AN AIRSHIP AT THE TAIL WHILST COUPLED TO A MOORING-MAST AT THE BOW

1. An anchoring vehicle for anchoring an airship at a tail of the airship, comprising:a height adjustable anchoring-mast mounted to said anchoring vehicle with a ball and socket joint, a coupling location of said anchoring-mast being positioned at a height of a middle axis of the airship, the anchoring mast comprising:
a) coupling devices and spring devices,
b) a minimum of three suspension cables each equipped with a force sensor, or a minimum of two sensors that sense force/strain in two different directions and that are integrated in a rigid coupling of the anchoring-mast; and
c) a measuring device for measuring horizontal wind force upon the airship arranged on the anchoring vehicle,
at least three wheels that are drivable and steerable, and
a control unit and servomotors for steering and driving the wheels depending on measured values of the force sensors, enabling the anchoring vehicle to independently move in a horizontal direction to the airship's position dictated by the wind direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,802

STABILIZED AGGREGATES AND OTHER MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES FOR ENERGY ABSORPTION

Engineered Arresting Syst...

1. A method of forming a structure for arresting aircraft as an extension area of a runway, comprising:a. positioning a plurality of anchors in the extension area;
b. attaching at least one net to the plurality of anchors;
c. positioning loose aggregate so that its location in the extension area is stabilized at least in part by the plurality of anchors and the at least one net;
d. introducing into the extension area a first material different than the loose aggregate; and
e. coating at least the first material with a water-resistant material.

US Pat. No. 10,427,801

DEVICES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REFUELING AIR VEHICLES

ISRAEL AEROSPACE INDUSTRI...

1. A refueling device for use in in-flight refueling operation, the refueling device comprising:(a) a body configured for being towed by a tanker aircraft via a fuel hose at least during in-flight refueling operation, said body comprising a longitudinal axis;
(b) a boom member having a boom axis and configured to enable fuel to be transferred from said fuel hose to a receiver aircraft along said boom axis during said in-flight refueling operation, wherein said boom member comprises a fuel delivery nozzle, and said receiver aircraft comprises a fuel receptacle configured for engaging with said fuel delivery nozzle to enable refueling of the receiver aircraft, and
wherein at least during said in-flight refueling operation, the boom axis is at a non-zero angular displacement with respect to the longitudinal axis;
(c) a spatial control system configured for selectively ensuring maintaining a desired non- zero angular disposition between said boom axis and a forward direction at least in during said in-flight refueling operation, wherein said spatial control system is further configured for steering the refueling device, wherein said spatial control system comprises selectively controllable aerodynamic control system, and wherein said selectively controllable aerodynamic control system comprises a forward set of aerodynamic control surfaces mounted to said body, and an aft set of aerodynamic control surfaces mounted to said body in longitudinally aft spaced relationship with respect to said forward set of aerodynamic control surfaces;
(d) a force generating arrangement configured for selectively generating an engagement force along said boom axis in a direction towards said fuel delivery nozzle, whereby to force said nozzle into engagement with the fuel receptacle, wherein said force generating arrangement comprises a selectively actuatable drag inducing arrangement in the form of one or a plurality of air brakes mounted to said body and configured for selective and reversible deployment between a retracted configuration and a deployed configuration, said air brakes are positioned on said body and configured for selectively generating, in said deployed configuration, a drag force to thereby provide said engagement force to said boom member along said boom axis and push said boom member in a direction along the boom axis towards said fuel receptacle; and
(e) an engagement module operably coupled to said force generating arrangement; responsive to said receiver aircraft being in an engagement area relative to said tanker aircraft that allows engagement between said fuel delivery nozzle of said tanker aircraft and said fuel receptacle of said receiver aircraft, said engagement module configured to selectively actuate said selectively actuatable drag inducing arrangement to said deployed configuration effective to generate said engagement force that pushes said fuel delivery nozzle into said fuel receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,800

AIR SEPARATION SYSTEM FOR FUEL STABILIZATION

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A system for generating inert gas comprising:a source of pressurized air for generating a pressurized air flow;
an air separation module located downstream from and in fluid communication with said source of pressurized air, said air separation module including at least one permeable membrane operable to separate said pressurized air into an oxygen-enriched air and an inert gas-enriched air, said oxygen-enriched air being separate from said inert gas-enriched air;
a backpressure regulator for continuously maintaining an operational pressure within the air separation module;
a fuel tank containing a fuel, the fuel tank being arranged downstream from said air separation module; and
a conduit for delivering said inert gas-enriched air from said air separation module to said fuel tank, a portion of said conduit being immersed within said fuel of said fuel tank such that said inert gas-enriched air delivered to said fuel tank interacts directly with said fuel to remove dissolved oxygen from said fuel.

US Pat. No. 10,427,799

TRIMMING DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING THE GLIDE SLOPE AND DESCENT SPEED OF A PARAFOIL

The Charles Stark Draper ...

15. A system for adjusting a trim angle during flight to control glide slope and descent speed of a parafoil, the system comprising: a canopy having a forward portion and an aft portion; a forward suspension line coupled to the forward portion; an aft suspension line coupled to the aft portion;first and second pulleys coupled to suspension lines of the parafoil, wherein the first pulley has a first diameter and the second pulley has a second diameter greater than the first diameter, wherein the forward suspension line of the parafoil is coupled to the first pulley, and wherein the aft suspension line of the parafoil is coupled to the second pulley;
an additional suspension line coupled to one of the forward portion of the canopy or the aft portion of the canopy, wherein the additional suspension line is further coupled to an axle of the first pulley and the second pulley;
a motor coupled to the first and second pulleys; and
a processor operatively coupled to the motor, wherein the processor causes the motor to rotate the first and second pulleys to extend or retract the suspension lines to adjust the trim angle during flight.

US Pat. No. 10,427,798

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR DEICING A SURFACE

Unmanned AeroSpace Techno...

1. A method comprising:receiving first data from at least one first sensor;
wherein the at least one first sensor is configured to supply data related to:
(i) a thickness of an ice layer on a coated skin surface;
wherein the coated skin surface comprises a coating on a surface of a skin;
wherein the skin comprises a composite including first and second layers, wherein one of the first and second layers is a structural layer;
calculating the thickness of the ice layer;
comparing the thickness of the ice layer to a threshold thickness;
based, at least in part, on the comparing the thickness of the ice layer to the threshold thickness, vibrating the coated skin surface using at least one mechanical element for a sufficient duration, sufficient frequency, and sufficient displacement so as to result in removal of a first portion of the ice layer thereby resulting in at least a partially deiced coated skin surface;
wherein the at least one mechanical element comprises a linear actuator, the linear actuator comprising a cylinder coupled to a rotation mechanism, the linear actuator configured to convert rotational movement of the rotation mechanism to linear movement to linearly displace the cylinder;
wherein the sufficient frequency ranges from 0.01 to 1000 hertz; and
wherein the sufficient displacement of each of the at least one mechanical elements ranges from 2 millimeter to 15 millimeters.

US Pat. No. 10,427,797

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SYSTEM MAINTENANCE

Honeywell International I...

1. A fluid flow regulating system of a vehicle, the system comprising:a ram duct configured to accept fluid flow into the vehicle;
a fluid flow regulating mechanism coupled to the ram duct and coupled to a processing system of the vehicle; and
at least one heat exchanger coupled to a cabin of the vehicle and the ram duct and configured to cool air flowing through the at least one heat exchanger using ram fluid flowing through the ram duct;
wherein the fluid flow regulating mechanism is controlled by the processing system of the vehicle to adjust a size of an opening of the ram duct to regulate the amount of ram fluid flowing through the ram duct based upon at least one pollution parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,427,796

AIR DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AN AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM IN AN AIR VEHICLE

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An air distribution system for an air conditioning system in an air vehicle, the air distribution system comprising:a plurality of lower lobe ducts located below a cabin floor of a cabin of the air vehicle, each of the plurality of lower lobe ducts being in fluid communication with a mix manifold coupled to one or more air conditioning (AC) packs of the air conditioning system in the air vehicle;
a plurality of sidewall riser ducts coupled to the plurality of lower lobe ducts;
a pair of outboard manifold ducts;
a recirculation air duct located in a crown portion of the air distribution system above the cabin floor;
one of, a plurality of recirculation downer ducts, or a plurality of branch recirculation ducts, coupled to the recirculation air duct;
a conditioned air flow, distributed from the one or more AC packs, through the mix manifold, and to one of, the plurality of lower lobe ducts, or the plurality of lower lobe ducts and then the plurality of sidewall riser ducts;
a recirculated air flow, distributed from the recirculation air duct, to one of, the plurality of recirculation downer ducts, or the plurality of branch recirculation ducts; and
a mixed air flow formed by mixing the conditioned air flow and the recirculated air flow, the mixed air flow distributed to the pair of outboard manifold ducts, and into the cabin of the air vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,795

VARYING A CROSS SECTION OF A RAM AIR PASSAGE

Airbus Operations GmbH, ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a ramp configured to enable variation of a cross section of a ram air passage of the apparatus, wherein the ramp comprises:
a first rigid member;
a second rigid member; and
a flexible member coupled to the first rigid member and the second rigid member,
wherein the ramp is movably mounted at two ends; and
an actuator external to the ramp which is configured to act upon the ramp for moving the ramp,
wherein the actuator is mechanically coupled only to a center region of the flexible member so that a radius of curvature of the flexible member substantially decreases as the cross section of the ram air passage decreases, and
wherein the ramp is configured to entirely close the ram air passage.

US Pat. No. 10,427,793

SLOUCHING DIVAN WITH DAMPED MOTION

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A slouching divan with damped motion, comprising:at least one front leg and at least one rear leg, the front leg and the rear leg mountable to a floor of an aircraft;
at least one frame rail connecting the front leg and the rear leg, the frame rail including at least one lateral roller slot extending in a downward slope from a rear endpoint associated with an upright configuration to a midpoint associated with a slouched configuration, and extending in an upward slope from the midpoint to a front endpoint associated with a berthed configuration;
at least one seatpan having a front end and a rear end, the seatpan slidably connectable to the lateral roller slot, the seatpan at least partially coverable by a seatpan cushion;
at least one seatpan rail coupled to the seatpan proximate to the lateral roller slot;
at least one backrest having a top, a bottom, and at least one back roller slot extending from the top to the bottom in a rearward curving path;
at least one back follower panel slidably connectable to the back roller slot and coupled to the seatpan proximate the bottom and the rear end by at least one connector, such that the back follower panel follows the movement of the seatpan along the lateral roller slot, the back follower panel at least partially coverable by a backrest cushion; and
at least one unidirectional damping device coupled to the frame rail, the damping device configured to constrain the movement of the seatpan from the upright configuration to the slouched configuration by engaging with the seatpan rail.

US Pat. No. 10,427,792

VEHICLE WITH A SIMULATED WINDOW FEATURE

The Boeing Company, Chic...

9. A display system for a lavatory of a vehicle, wherein the display system is configured to resemble a window of the vehicle, the display system comprising:a bezel disposed about a boundary of a cutout formed in a wall of the lavatory;
a fixture configured as a continuous member mounted exterior to the wall of the lavatory behind the bezel; and
an electronic display mounted in the fixture, such that the electronic display is visible from within the lavatory through the bezel, wherein the wall of the lavatory is curved to match curvature of a body of the vehicle, wherein the electronic display is flat, wherein the fixture is ring-shaped and has variable thickness such that a top edge and a bottom edge of the fixture are thicker than a middle section of the fixture so as to accommodate curvature of the wall of the lavatory.

US Pat. No. 10,427,791

MEAL/BEVERAGE TROLLEY CONVERTIBLE TO WASTE TROLLEY

Safran Cabin Netherlands ...

1. A trolley configured to be convertible between meal/beverage service and waste collection service, the trolley comprising:at least one dry ice compartment defined by a top flap and a dry ice compartment base,
a sliding waste ring defined by an outer rim and the dry ice compartment base, the outer rim and the dry ice compartment base being hingedly cooperable such that when the sliding waste ring is extended from the trolley and the dry ice compartment base is hinged away from the outer rim, an opening is defined by the outer rim configured to support a waste bag, wherein when the top flap is opened, a trash opening is defined in an upper portion of the trolley.

US Pat. No. 10,427,790

ADAPTIVE AERIAL VEHICLE

David A. Verkade, Kentwo...

1. An adaptive aerial vehicle comprising:a vehicle support;
a payload support structure to provide a payload support;
upper and lower frame assemblies mounted relative to said vehicle support and to straddle the payload support structure wherein the payload support is located between the upper and lower frame assemblies; and
propulsion units mounted to said upper and lower frame assemblies for flying the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,789

UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE USED IN FISHING

1. An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) used in fishing, comprising:a housing, said housing having a top part and a bottom part;
a plurality of arms arranged on the top part, each arm having a motor and an airscrew;
a battery unit arranged within the housing;
a processor arranged within the housing;
a sonar unit having a wire connected thereto; and
a positioning unit detachably mounted within a mounting groove recessed from the bottom part,
wherein the positioning unit is connected to the wire and configured to retract or release the wire,
wherein the positioning unit comprises a rotator to engage the wire and a power component to actuate the rotator,
wherein the positioning unit further comprises a supporting component to support the wire, and a first sensor to sense the force between the wire and the supporting component,
wherein the first sensor comprises a first microswitch in contact with the supporting component,
wherein the supporting component is hinged within the positioning unit,
and wherein the processor is configured to instruct the power component to stop or decelerate in response to the first sensor sending a signal to the processor indicating the sensed force is less than a first predetermined threshold, in response to the first microswitch sending a signal to the processor indicating a displacement of the supporting component caused by a change in the force between the wire and the supporting component, and in response to the first microswitch switching off due to a rotation of the supporting component caused by a change in the force between the wire and the supporting component.

US Pat. No. 10,427,788

AIRDROP PLATFORM INTEGRATED OUTRIGGER

U.S. Government as Repres...

1. A device for air dropping cargo from an airplane, comprising:a pallet;
a first outrigger main body that is coupled to the pallet;
at least one outrigger finger connected to the first outrigger main body,
wherein the first outrigger main body and the at least one outrigger finger form a first outrigger,
wherein the first outrigger includes a first plurality of sling anchor points;
a second outrigger main body that is coupled to the pallet;
at least one other outrigger finger connected to the second outrigger main body,
wherein the second outrigger main body and the at least one other outrigger finger form a second outrigger,
wherein the second outrigger includes a second plurality of sling anchor points,
a shock absorbing assembly coupled to the pallet;
a first rod coupled to a first end of the pallet;
a second rod coupled to a second end of the pallet;
a first plurality of hinges coupled to the first end of the pallet,
wherein each hinge in the first plurality of hinges includes a bore adapted to receive the first rod;
a second plurality of hinges coupled to the first outrigger,
wherein each hinge in the second plurality of hinges includes a bore adapted to receive the first rod;
a first set of side-rails connecting each hinge in the first plurality of hinges to a respective hinge in the second plurality of hinges;
a third plurality of hinges coupled to the second end of the pallet,
wherein each hinge in the third plurality of hinges includes a bore adapted to receive the second rod;
a fourth plurality of hinges coupled to the second outrigger,
wherein each hinge in the fourth plurality of hinges includes a bore adapted to receive the second rod;
a second set of side-rails connecting each hinge in the third plurality of hinges to a respective hinge in the fourth plurality of hinges;
wherein the first outrigger is configured to pivot clock wise about the first rod and the second outrigger is configured to pivot counter-clock wise about the second rod;
wherein the first plurality of sling anchor points is adapted to receive a first set of suspension lines and the second plurality of sling anchor points is adapted to receive a second set of suspension lines;
a plurality of pallet roller pads on a bottom surface of the pallet;
a plurality of outrigger roller pads configured to engage a correspondingly configured aircraft cargo bay, the outrigger roller pads being attached to the first outrigger and the second outrigger, wherein the plurality of outrigger roller pads, the first outrigger, the second outrigger, the plurality of pallet roller pads, and the pallet form cavities adapted to receive the shock absorbing assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,427,787

AIRCRAFT STORE EJECTOR SYSTEM

MARVIN ENGINEERING COMPAN...

1. An aircraft store ejector system, comprising:an ejection system configured to receive a flow of pressurized gas, the ejection system comprising a first ejector passage and a first ejector piston, and a second ejector passage and a second ejector piston, wherein the first ejector piston acts on a store at a first location and the second ejector piston acts on the store at a second location and at least one of the first ejector piston and the second ejector piston comprises a plurality of concentric telescopic piston stages, the space between each adjacent pair of the concentric piston stages defining a piston chamber; and
a pitch control valve that controls the flow of pressurized gas to each of the first and second ejector passages, the pitch control valve comprising a rotatable carousel that rotates about a rotational axis of the carousel, the carousel having an obstruction wall portion extending within at least one of the first and second ejector passages;
wherein the carousel is rotatable such that a selective portion of each gas flow passage leading to the first and second ejector pistons can be variably obstructed by the obstruction wall portion to selectively proportion the flow of pressurized gas between the first and second ejector pistons.

US Pat. No. 10,427,786

DRONE AUTHENTICATION SYSTEM

1. A method of authentication, the method comprising:monitoring a monitored space for a condition to provide an interaction between a drone and an individual;
obtaining, by the drone and in response to the condition to provide the interaction between the drone and the individual being satisfied, a first set of sensor data corresponding to the individual;
determining the individual requires a service, based on the first set of sensor data, that requires authentication of the individual as a user of the service and, in response, determining, based on the first set of sensor data, that the individual is unable to provide a primary authentication response;
obtaining, by the drone, a second set of sensor data corresponding to the individual unable to provide the primary authentication response; and
determining, based on the second set of sensor data and stored identity data, that the individual is a user of the service and, in response, performing the service.

US Pat. No. 10,427,784

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING TRANSITION LIFT-FAN PERFORMANCE

Aurora Flight Sciences Co...

1. A vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft having reduced peak power requirements during a transition flight between a hovering flight and a wingborne forward flight, the VTOL aircraft comprising:a wing to provide lift during the wingborne forward flight and to provide an increasing amount of lift as airspeed increases during the transition flight;
a fuselage coupled with the wing, the fuselage being positioned to define a first wing portion on a first side of the fuselage and a second wing portion on a second side of the fuselage that is opposite that of the first side, wherein the first and second wing portions are substantially equal in length;
a forward thrust propulsion system coupled to said fuselage to produce a desired horizontal thrust during said wingborne forward flight and to accelerate the VTOL aircraft forward during said transition flight;
a first plurality of ducted lift fans positioned on the first wing portion to generate, in aggregate, a first desired total vertical thrust during said hovering flight, each of said first plurality of ducted lift fans having an axis of rotation that is fixed and substantially vertical, each of said first plurality of ducted lift fans being configured to be independently controlled between three throttle states, the three throttle states including a substantially full throttle state, an intermediate throttle state, and a substantially zero throttle state;
a second plurality of ducted lift fans positioned on the second wing portion to generate, in aggregate, a second desired total vertical thrust during said hovering flight, each of said second plurality of ducted lift fans having an axis of rotation that is fixed and substantially vertical, each of said second plurality of ducted lift fans being configured to be independently controlled between the three throttle states,
wherein, during said hovering flight and said transition flight, the VTOL aircraft is configured to independently control each of said first and second plurality of ducted lift fans,
wherein, during said transition flight from said hovering flight, the VTOL aircraft is configured to switch a throttle state of (1) at least one of said first plurality of ducted lift fans to generate a third desired total vertical thrust as a function of momentum drag upon the VTOL aircraft, and (2) at least one of said second plurality of ducted lift fans to generate a fourth desired total vertical thrust as a function of the momentum drag, and
wherein a number of ducted lift fans is maintained at the intermediate throttle state in each of said first and second plurality of ducted lift fans during said transition flight from said hovering flight is less than, or equal to, the sum of the ducted lift fans of each respective plurality of ducted lift fans operated in the substantially full throttle state and the substantially zero throttle state.

US Pat. No. 10,427,783

MULTICOPTER

PRODRONE CO., LTD., Nago...

1. A multicopter having a plurality of rotors installed radially to a frame,wherein at least one of the plurality of rotors is provided with a cylindrical duct surrounding and enclosing the rotor, the cylindrical duct being turnable in a circumferential direction; and
the duct is formed in a shape making an air flow from an air intake side to an air outlet side of the rotor imbalanced in a circumferential direction of the duct.

US Pat. No. 10,427,782

MULTICOPTER WITH WIDE SPAN ROTOR CONFIGURATION AND PROTECTIVE FUSELAGE

Kitty Hawk Corporation, ...

1. A method, comprising:performing a vertical takeoff using an aircraft; and
flying at a constant altitude using the aircraft, wherein the aircraft includes:
a fuselage;
a left arm, wherein a proximal end of the left arm is attached to the fuselage;
a right arm, wherein a proximal end of the right arm is attached to the fuselage;
a left float, wherein the left float is attached to the left arm between the proximal end of the left arm and the distal end of the left arm;
a right float, wherein the right float is attached to the right arm between the proximal end of the right arm and the distal end of the right arm; and
a plurality of rotors, wherein:
the plurality of rotors includes a left inner rotor that is attached at a fixed angle to a top surface of the left float;
the plurality of rotors includes a right inner rotor that is attached at a fixed angle to a top surface of the right float;
the plurality of rotors includes a left outer rotor that is attached at a fixed angle to a top surface of the distal end of the left arm; and
the plurality of rotors includes a right outer rotor that is attached at a fixed angle to a top surface of the distal end of the right arm.

US Pat. No. 10,427,779

AIRCRAFT WING WITH AN ADAPTIVE SHOCK CONTROL BUMP

Airbus Defence and Space ...

1. An aircraft wing with an upper surface element and a first actuator powered mechanism for varying the shape of the upper surface element, wherein the surface element comprises:an upstream segment SEG1 with a stiffness S1;
a downstream segment SEG2 with a stiffness S2;
an interconnecting segment SEG3 with a stiffness S3, the interconnecting segment SEG3 interconnecting a downstream edge of SEG1 with an upstream edge of SEG2, wherein the interconnecting segment SEG3 extends along the whole downstream edge of SEG1 and the whole upstream edge of SEG2, or at least along a major part of the downstream edge of SEG1 and a major part of the upstream edge of SEG2, and the interconnecting segment SEG3 exhibits a mechanical pretension causing a convex shape of the upper surface element, with: S3 a link element LNK, the link element LNK interconnecting an upstream edge of SEG1 with an upper surface of the aircraft wing;
wherein the first actuator powered mechanism interconnects a contact C1 on a lower side of the upper surface element with a contact C2 on an inner structure of the aircraft wing,
wherein the first actuator powered mechanism controls the shape of the upper surface element by controlling the distance between C1 and C2, and
wherein the downstream segment SEG2 comprises:
an upstream segment SEG1* with a stiffness S1;
a downstream segment SEG2* with a stiffness S2; and
an interconnecting segment SEG3* with a stiffness S3, the interconnecting segment SEG3* interconnecting a downstream edge of SEG1* with an upstream edge of SEG2*, wherein the interconnecting segment SEG3* extends along the whole downstream edge of SEG1* and the whole upstream edge of SEG2*, or at least along a major part of the downstream edge of SEG1* and a major part of the upstream edge of SEG2*, and the interconnecting segment SEG3* exhibits a mechanical pretension causing a convex shape of the upper surface element, with: S3

US Pat. No. 10,427,778

HEAT SHIELD ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A heat shield assembly comprising:a frame comprising a plurality of frame members joined together, wherein said plurality of frame members includes a plurality of longitudinally extending frame members, each extending along a primary longitudinal axis of the heat shield assembly, and a plurality of transverse frame members, each perpendicular to the primary longitudinal axis and spaced away from each other, wherein the plurality of transverse frame members are joined to the plurality of longitudinally extending frame members;
a skin panel directly connected to the frame; and
a stiffener directly connected to the skin panel, said stiffener comprising a base portion and a bead portion protruding from said base portion, wherein said base portion is directly connected to said skin panel to define a bead volume between said bead portion and said skin panel, wherein said bead portion is positioned between two adjacent ones of said plurality of transverse frame members.

US Pat. No. 10,427,777

AEROFOIL BODY WITH INTEGRAL CURVED SPAR-COVER

AIRBUS OPERATIONS LIMITED...

1. An aerofoil shaped body comprising a plurality of longitudinal spars, an upper aerofoil cover, and a lower aerofoil cover, the spars and the covers comprising composite laminate material, wherein one of the spars is integrally formed with one of the covers to form a spar-cover such that the composite laminate material of the spar extends continuously into the cover through a fold region created between the spar and the cover, characterized in that the spar-cover is substantially Z-shaped, the Z-shaped spar-cover component having a first limb corresponding to the cover, a second limb corresponding to the spar, and a third limb corresponding to an attachment flange for attachment to the other of the covers.

US Pat. No. 10,427,776

SLIDING JOINT KITS, SYSTEMS CONTAINING THE SAME, AND RELATED METHODS

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A sliding joint kit for joining a first panel to a second panel, the sliding joint kit comprising:a washer having a central hole and a lower flange surface configured to slide with respect to the first panel, the washer being configured such that the lower flange surface faces a first outer surface of the first panel; and
a fastener extending through the central hole of the washer, the fastener having a first head portion configured to engage the second panel;
wherein the sliding joint kit is configured to be assembled to join the first panel to the second panel, wherein when the first panel is joined to the second panel via the assembled sliding joint kit, the fastener and the washer are configured to be fixed with respect to the second panel, wherein when the fastener and the washer are fixed with respect to the second panel, the washer and the second panel are in sliding contact with the first panel such that the washer and the second panel are configured to move together with respect to the first panel in response to thermal expansion of the second panel relative to the first panel, wherein when the sliding joint kit is assembled to join the first panel and the second panel, the sliding joint kit maintains contact between a first portion of the first panel and a first portion of the second panel while permitting sliding movement of the first portion of the second panel and the washer with respect to the first portion of the first panel, and wherein the sliding joint kit is configured to accommodate different coefficients of thermal expansion between the second panel and the first panel.

US Pat. No. 10,427,775

AIRCRAFT WITH A FUSELAGE THAT DEFINES AT LEAST AN INTERIOR REGION AND A DRIVE SYSTEM ACCOMMODATING REGION

AIRBUS HELICOPTERS DEUTSC...

1. A rotary-wing aircraft comprising:a fuselage that defines at least an interior region and a drive system accommodating region, the drive system accommodating region disposed inside the fuselage and comprising at least one fire protection zone that is defined by at least one associated firewall arrangement comprising a plurality of interconnected fire protection walls,
at least one engine disposed within the at least one fire protection zone within the at least one associated firewall arrangement such that the at least one associated firewall arrangement defines a fire-resistant separation between the at least one engine and the interior region of the fuselage,
at least one heat generating auxiliary device distinct from the at least one engine and generating a hot air flow;
at least one auxiliary exhaust nozzle;
the at least one associated firewall arrangement comprising at least one air duct forming at least part of the at least one associated firewall arrangement and arranged between, and in fluid communication with, the at least one heat generating auxiliary device and the at least one auxiliary exhaust nozzle so that the hot air flow that is generated by the at least one heat generating auxiliary device in operation of the aircraft is ducted through the at least one air duct separately from air carrying heat generated by the operation of the at least one engine, wherein the at least one associated firewall arrangement includes the at least one air duct such that the at least one air duct is integral with the at least one associated firewall arrangement, the plurality of interconnected fire protection walls comprising a front fire protection wall, a rear fire protection wall, and a lower fire protection wall.

US Pat. No. 10,427,774

AIRCRAFT BASED NON-DEDICATED SPECIAL MISSION POD MOUNTING APPARATUS

1281329 Alberta Ltd., Ca...

1. A mission payload mounting apparatus comprising:a pressurized door plug assembly on a side of an aircraft fuselage; and
a strut having a first end and a second end, wherein:
the strut extends from an interior of the aircraft fuselage through the pressurized door plug assembly to an exterior of the aircraft fuselage;
the strut is capable of being rotationally actuated about an axis exterior to the aircraft fuselage;
the first end of the strut is connected to the interior of the aircraft fuselage; and
one or more payloads are attached to the strut between the axis and the second end.

US Pat. No. 10,427,773

STRUCTURAL ASSEMBLY FOR AN AIRCRAFT FUSELAGE WITH DOUBLE CURVATURE INCLUDING FRAMES WITH AN OPTIMIZED ORIENTATION

Airbus Operations (S.A.S....

1. A structural assembly for forming a part of an aircraft fuselage, comprising:a fuselage skin having a double curvature; and
circumferential frames that comprise a web and a flange substantially orthogonal to the web and to which the fuselage skin is fixed,
wherein the circumferential frames comprise at least one first circumferential frame having a lower extremity and an upper extremity and conformed so that a first virtual straight line half-segment, which passes through the web and originates from a middle of a first virtual straight line segment connecting the lower extremity to the upper extremity, extending orthogonally to the first virtual straight line segment, intersects the fuselage skin at a point at which the first virtual straight line half-segment is substantially normal to the fuselage skin.

US Pat. No. 10,427,772

HYDROGEN-REGENERATING SOLAR-POWERED AIRCRAFT

SOLAR SHIP INC., Toronto...

1. An aircraft comprising:a hydrogen-containing envelope;
an electrolyser to convert water into hydrogen;
a hydrogen-replenishment system for replenishing the envelope with hydrogen generated using the electrolyser; and
a purification system for purifying the hydrogen contained within the envelope, wherein the purification system comprises a sensor for detecting the concentration of hydrogen within the envelope and one or more valves which are configured to vent gas from the envelope when a concentration of hydrogen below a threshold value is detected.

US Pat. No. 10,427,771

VESSEL PROPULSION APPARATUS

YAMAHA HATSUDOKI KABUSHIK...

1. A vessel propulsion apparatus comprising:an engine;
an electric motor;
a propeller shaft that rotates together with the propeller about a rotation axis extending in a front-rear direction of the vessel propulsion apparatus;
a first transmission that defines a first transmission path extending from the engine to the propeller shaft to transmit power of the engine to the propeller shaft along the first transmission path; and
a second transmission that defines a second transmission path, different from the first transmission path, extending from the electric motor to the propeller shaft to transmit power of the electric motor to the propeller shaft along the second transmission path; wherein
the first transmission includes a first clutch that switches between a disconnecting state in which the first transmission path is disconnected and a connecting state in which the first transmission path is connected; and
the second transmission includes a second clutch that switches between a disconnecting state in which the second transmission path is disconnected and a connecting state in which the second transmission path is connected.

US Pat. No. 10,427,770

THRUSTER-AIDED STEERING SYSTEM

1. A method of operating a vessel wherein the vessel comprises (i) a main propulsion unit including at least one propeller and at least one main rudder, (ii) a secondary propulsion unit including at least one directional water jet thruster on each of a port and starboard side of a hull of the vessel, the jet thrusters configured to control a water flow direction; and (iii) a control system coordinating a position of the main rudder to the water flow direction of the jet thrusters, the method comprising the steps of:(a) operating the main propulsion unit to impart a forward speed to the vessel of at least five knots; (b) operating the jet thrusters to direct thrust predominantly toward the stern of the vessel; and
(c) subsequently applying left rudder and changing the direction of thrust of the starboard water jet thruster 1.5 to 2.5 times more than a change in left rudder.

US Pat. No. 10,427,769

SYSTEM OF BRACKETS AND RAILS FOR ATTACHING WHEELS, TOWING, AND ACCESSORY DEVICES TO SMALL PONTOON WATERCRAFT

1. A system of brackets and rails for attaching devices to a small pontoon watercraft having an interconnecting boat frame structure with multiple transverse and longitudinally oriented frame members spanning spaced apart pontoons, the system comprising in combination:at least one pair of cross brackets and means for coupling at least one each to a boat frame main tube on opposite sides of said pontoon watercraft, wherein a hollow internal opening of said cross brackets are oriented in a horizontal plane orthogonally aligned to said boat frame main tube,
at least one outrigger rail, having a first and second end, spanning through said cross brackets with means for coupling thereto, whereby said outrigger rail provides a non-twisting connection member for mounting a variety of other devices to said pontoon watercraft,
at least two T-brackets or swing brackets and means for coupling one each to a said first and said second end of said outrigger rail in a selected orientation,
at least two boat wheel assemblies and means for coupling to said T-brackets or said swing brackets, whereby said pontoon watercraft is able to be wheeled over land.

US Pat. No. 10,427,768

SHARK DETERRENT

LANDOA PTY LIMITED, Mayf...

1. An apparatus for deterring a shark comprising:a first buoyant portion providing a support surface adapted to support a user thereon; and
a second portion locatable at the first portion, the second portion arranged to provide a reflective surface at the first portion on an opposite side to the support surface;
the reflective surface configured to reflect an image of a surrounding environment that is below the apparatus in use; and
wherein the reflective surface comprising a first reflective portion having a first reflective value of above 40% reflectivity and a second reflective portion having a second reflective value of above 40% reflectivity, wherein the first and second reflective values vary such that the first and second reflective portions provide a varying level of reflectivity.

US Pat. No. 10,427,767

LOCKING SYSTEM FOR ASSISTING AND SUPPORTING AN ACTUATOR OF A TRIM-TAB OF A WATERCRAFT IN THE DESIRED MODE

1. A system for locking, in and out of place, devices used for attitude control and stabilization of a watercraft, comprising:(a) a locking rod positioned within a first slotted rod sleeve, wherein said locking rod can slidably move through said slotted rod sleeve and into a locking dock;
(b) a rotating rod, sleeved within a second slotted rod sleeve, said rotating rod further including a top driving rod fixed at one distal end of said rotating rod, said rotating rod further including a bottom driving rod fixed at the opposite distal end of said rotating rod, said rotating rod further including a center perpendicular driving rod fixed at a substantially front-center side of said rotating rod, said rotating rod rotatable within said second slotted rod sleeve;
(c) a sliding block, sliding block moveable in an upward and downward direction, said sliding block having a first contact block fixed to said sliding block at a proximal end at a substantial center of a side inner surface of said sliding block, said housing having a second contact block fixed to said sliding block at proximal end at a substantial center of a side inner surface of said sliding block, said locking dock contained within said sliding block;
(d) a lock mount, said first slotted rod sleeve and said second slotted rod sleeve fixed to said lock mount;
(e) a thrusting rod connected at a rear side of said locking rod, said thrusting rod having stability rods spaced at substantially the width of said center perpendicular driving rod; and
(f) a lock housing.

US Pat. No. 10,427,765

MOTOR CONTROL SYSTEM BASED UPON MOVEMENTS INHERENT TO SELF-PROPULSION

Medici Technologies, LLC,...

1. A method of controlling an amount of motor assistance provided to a participant in an activity characterized by motions of the participant that are inherent to the activity, comprising:acquiring motion information concerning motion of the participant;
determining a type of activity from the acquired information;
determining a measure of activity cadence from the acquired information;
determining an amount of motor assistance to provide from the type of activity and from the measure of activity cadence; and
providing motor assistance according to the amount of motor assistance determined in the preceding step.

US Pat. No. 10,427,764

WATERSPORTS BOARD

1. A watersports board, comprising:a main body made of foam material;
a deck fixed on the top surface of the main body and configured to be harder than the main body;
at least one framework located in the main body and configured to be harder than the main body;
wherein the main body comprises a first portion and a second portion, which are connected in a detachable manner, the first portion and the second portion are provided with at least one slot respectively, and the framework is mounted in the slot of the first portion and the slot of the second portion; and
the deck comprises a first deck and a second deck, which are connected in a detachable manner;
wherein the main body is fixed and connected to the deck by fixing members in a detachable manner;
wherein positioning grooves are arranged on a top surface of the main body, and positioning bulges are arranged on a bottom surface of the deck, which are buckled with the positioning grooves.

US Pat. No. 10,427,763

DEPLOYMENT AND RETRIEVAL METHODS FOR AUVS

Autonomous Robotics Limit...

1. A submersible device for deploying or retrieving autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs), the submersible device comprising:two or more platforms arranged in a stack, wherein each platform is configured to carry two or more of the AUVs;
a port; and
a transfer mechanism comprising a transfer device arranged to load or unload the AUVs onto or from the platforms, and an actuator arranged to move the transfer device between the platforms and the port in order to transfer the AUVs between the platforms and the port.

US Pat. No. 10,427,761

RETRACTABLE MARINE BOARDING LADDER

Premier Marine, Inc., Wy...

1. A marine boarding ladder for a boat, the ladder comprising:a fixed section configured for being attached to the boat comprising at least one mounting bracket for being attached to the boat;
a rotating section rotatable relative to the fixed section between a stowed position and a deployed position, the rotating section comprising:
a first handrail rotatingly affixed to the fixed section;
a second handrail rotatingly affixed to the fixed section; and
one or more step elements disposed between the first and second handrails; and
at least one gas spring operably connected between the fixed section and the rotating section, the at least one gas spring comprising a first gas spring, each of the at least one gas spring comprising:
a gas-filled cylinder; and
a rod extendible into and out of the gas-filled cylinder;
wherein the fixed section further comprises:
a third handrail comprising:
a first fixed proximal section affixed to the at least one mounting bracket;
a first fixed curvilinear section connected to the first fixed proximal section; and
a first fixed extension section connected to the first fixed curvilinear section;
a first bracket fixedly attached to the first fixed extension section; and
a fourth handrail comprising:
a second fixed proximal section affixed to the at least one mounting bracket;
a second fixed curvilinear section connected to the second fixed proximal section;
and
a second fixed extension section connected to the second fixed curvilinear section,
wherein the rotating section comprises a first pivot point bracket located at a proximal end of the first handrail and the first gas spring is operably connected between the first bracket and the first pivot point bracket, and
wherein the fixed section, the rotating section, and the at least one gas spring are configured such that:
gas within the gas-filled cylinder is configured to apply a first force to the rod to push the rod outwardly from the gas-filled cylinder to maintain the rotating section in the deployed position when the rotating section is in the deployed position and at least a portion of the rotating section is submerged in a body of water;
a force applied by the water against the portion of the rotating section as a result of the ladder moving relative to the body of water causes the rotating section to apply a second force that is greater than and opposed to the first force upon the rod to push the rod into the gas-filled cylinder to rotate the rotating section from the deployed position toward the stowed position;
the second force applied by the rotating section is reduced as a result of the force applied by the water against the portion of the rotating section, reducing said second force as the rotating section rotates from the deployed position toward the stowed position, wherein the second force is reduced until the second force is less than the first force and the gas within the gas-filled cylinder pushing the rod outwardly from the gas-filled cylinder to rotate the rotating section into the stowed position; and
the at least one gas spring defines a longitudinal axis that is angled toward the body of water such that the gas opposes movement of the rotating section from the stowed position into the deployed position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,760

AUTOMATIC MOORING DEVICE FOR VESSELS

STAEL S.R.L., Villasanta...

1. An automatic mooring device for vessels, comprising a coupling element, associable with a mooring point or with a vessel, and a capture element, associable with a vessel or with a mooring point and detachably engageable with said coupling element, wherein said coupling element comprises:an autonomous floating body;
a supporting element fixed to said floating body;
a hook element associated with said supporting element and movable with respect to said supporting element from a coupling position, in which it is adapted to couple and retain in a bend of the hook element said capture element due to a relative motion between said hook element and said capture element along a direction that is substantially parallel to a direction of motion of the vessel, to a release position, in which it is adapted to release said capture element coupled previously and vice versa;
a safety lever, which can engage said hook element so as to close the bend for the retention of said capture element once it has been coupled;
means for retaining said hook element in said coupling position which can be deactivated on command in order to allow a transition of said hook element from said coupling position to said release position which can be deactivated on command.

US Pat. No. 10,427,759

COLLAPSIBLE FAIRING

PGS Geophysical AS, Oslo...

1. A marine survey system, comprising:a float;
a winch coupled to the float;
a line coupled to the winch, wherein the winch is configured to extend and retract the line; and
a collapsible fairing surrounding the line, wherein extension and retraction of the line causes the collapsible fairing to extend and collapse in a direction perpendicular to a direction of travel of the collapsible fairing.

US Pat. No. 10,427,757

CROSS TIE TUBE ASSEMBLY

Taco Metals, Inc., Miami...

1. A tube guide assembly for mounting in a rod holder of a vessel, the rod holder having a depth from a cross member to a top surface, the assembly for securing a mooring line to the vessel, the assembly comprising:a tube having a longitudinal axis and a base end dimensioned for being disposed in the rod holder and engaging the cross member, said tube having a second end opposite said base end, said second end having a cleat for securing the mooring line, said tube having inverted substantially J-shaped slots opposite one another for receiving the cross member therein;
a spring-loaded lock assembly disposed in said tube, said lock assembly having a plunger for pressing against the cross member and locking the cross member in said J-shaped slots.

US Pat. No. 10,427,755

CLUTCH FOR A MOTORCYCLE

1. A clutch lock, comprising:a handlebar clamp, capable of being secured about a handlebar of a motorcycle;
a solenoid clamp;
a first swivel means for swivelly securing said handlebar clamp adjacent said solenoid clamp;
a solenoid secured within said solenoid clamp and in electrical communication with a front brake lever;
a solenoid shaft protruding from a distal end of said solenoid;
a locking bracket;
a second swivel means for swivelly securing a proximal end of said locking bracket to a distal end of said solenoid shaft;
a lever captivating plate capable of retaining a clutch lever of said motorcycle therein; and,
a rotational means for securing a distal end of said locking bracket to a proximal end of said lever captivating plate;
wherein when said front brake lever is actuated, an electrical signal is conducted to said solenoid, resulting in an extension of said solenoid shaft;
wherein said extension of said solenoid shaft causes said second swivel means to swivel said locking bracket;
wherein when said locking bracket swivels, said locking bracket causes said rotational means to rotate said lever captivating plate; and,
wherein said rotation of said lever captivating plate retains said clutch lever of said motorcycle in a disengaged state.

US Pat. No. 10,427,754

CONTINUOUS DERAILLEUR OF BICYCLE

1. A continuous derailleur of a bicycle comprising:a drive shaft, a rotary shaft, a brake shaft, and a braking device;
the rotary shaft mounted on the drive shaft;
wherein the drive shaft includes a bevel gear member rotatably fitted thereon, and the bevel gear member has a first bevel gear and a second bevel gear;
wherein the drive shaft includes a first pedal shaft fixed on a first end thereof adjacent to the first bevel gear;
wherein the brake shaft includes a first interactive bevel gear disposed on a first end thereof and includes the braking device secured on a second end of the brake shaft, and a rotation speed of the brake shaft is controlled by controlling friction force of the braking device to the brake shaft so as to control a rotation speed of the first interactive bevel gear;
wherein the first interactive bevel gear meshes with the first bevel gear of the bevel gear member;
wherein the rotary shaft includes a second interactive bevel gear and a third interactive bevel gear which are rotatably connected on two ends of the rotary shaft respectively, and the second interactive bevel gear and the third interactive bevel gear mesh with the second bevel gear of the bevel gear member;
wherein the continuous derailleur further comprises an output bevel gear;
wherein the output bevel gear is rotatably fitted on a second end of the drive shaft, hence the second interactive bevel gear and the third interactive bevel gear mesh with the output bevel gear.

US Pat. No. 10,427,752

BICYCLE OPERATING DEVICE

SHIMANO INC., Sakai (JP)...

1. A bicycle operating device comprising:a base member configured to be mounted to a bicycle and having a first end portion and a second end portion opposite to the first end portion, the second end portion being mounted to a handlebar of the bicycle in a mounting state where the bicycle operating device is mounted to the bicycle;
a hydraulic cylinder provided on the base member and including a cylinder bore;
a piston movably provided in the cylinder bore, the cylinder bore and the piston defining a hydraulic chamber; and
a fluid passageway connected to the hydraulic chamber, the fluid passageway being provided inside the base member, a first part of the fluid passageway extending outside of the handlebar in the mounting state having a length longer than a stroke of the piston, the first part of the fluid passageway extending toward the second end portion, the first part tapering by becoming gradually narrower as the first part extends in a direction toward the second end portion.

US Pat. No. 10,427,751

BICYCLE-BRAKE-CALIPER ATTACHMENT STRUCTURE

SHIMANO INC., Sakai (JP)...

1. A bicycle-brake-caliper attachment structure comprising:a base member configured to be coupled to a brake caliper configured to apply a braking force on a brake disc rotor configured to be rotatable about a rotational axis, the base member being configured to be attached to a bicycle frame such that relative position between the rotational axis of the brake disc rotor and the brake caliper is adjustable in a radial direction of the brake disc rotor such that brake caliper is adjustable between a first position and a second position that is offset from the first position in the radial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,750

BICYCLE DISC BRAKE CALIPER ASSEMBLY

Shimano Inc., Osaka (JP)...

1. A bicycle disc brake caliper assembly comprising:a main caliper body including a first coupling portion configured not to be directly attached to a bicycle frame;
at least one brake pad movably attached to the main caliper body; and
a mounting adapter including a second coupling portion configured to be detachably coupled to the first coupling portion, and a mounting portion configured to be mounted to the bicycle frame,
the first coupling portion of the main caliper body including a projection, and
the second coupling portion of the mounting adapter including a clamp, the clamp having a projection receiving opening to clamp the projection therein, the clamp further having a clamping portion defining the projection receiving opening and a clamping fastener operatively coupled to the clamping portion to adjust a size of the projection receiving opening,
the mounting portion of the mounting adapter including
a first mounting part disposed on a first side of the second coupling portion, the first mounting part including a first mounting bore defining a first mounting axis, and
a second mounting part disposed on a second side of the second coupling portion, the second side being opposite to the first side with respect to the second coupling portion, the second mounting part including a second mounting bore defining a second mounting axis,
the mounting adapter further including a fastening bore for receiving the clamping fastener, the fastening bore extends substantially parallel to the first and second mounting axes.

US Pat. No. 10,427,749

FORK WITH AN ADJUSTABLE LENGTH STEERER TUBE

1. A fork for receiving a front wheel thereto, the fork comprising:one or more fork blades, each fork blade including a blade proximal and blade distal end, the blade distal end including an opening configured to receive and retain an axle of the front wheel therein;
a steerer tube assembly including a bottom tube section and a first top tube section,
the bottom tube section including a bottom tube distal end and a bottom tube proximal end, the bottom tube distal end being operatively coupled with each blade proximal end, the bottom tube proximal end including one of (a) at least one longitudinally projecting tooth and (b) at least one valley, the bottom tube section further including a longitudinally-orientated bottom orifice proximate the bottom tube proximal end, an axis of the bottom orifice being coincident with a longitudinal axis of the bottom tube section,
the first top tube section including a top tube distal end and a top tube proximal end, the bottom tube distal end including the other of (a) the at least one longitudinally projecting tooth and (b) the at least one valley, the at least one tooth and the at least one valley being configured to mesh when the top tube section and the bottom tube section are operatively joined, the first top tube section also including a longitudinally-orientated top orifice including a circumferential shoulder, an axis of the top orifice being coincident with a longitudinal axis of the top tube section, the top orifice being accessible through the top tube proximal end; and
a securing fastener with a fastener head and a threaded shaft, the securing fastener being configured to be received through the top orifice with the fastener head butting against the circumferential shoulder and the threaded shaft being received threadably into the bottom orifice.

US Pat. No. 10,427,748

STEERED WHEEL SUPPORT STRUCTURE OF VEHICLE

KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIK...

1. A steered wheel support structure of a vehicle, the steered wheel support structure comprising:a knuckle member which supports an axle of a steered wheel in such a manner that the axle is rotatable around an axle line; and
a support member which is coupled to a vehicle body and supports the knuckle member from a first side in a vehicle width direction in such a manner that the knuckle member is angularly displaceable around a steering axis line extending in an upward and downward direction,
wherein the knuckle member includes:
an axle support section which supports the axle; and
two supported sections which are disposed on both sides in the upward and downward direction, of at least a portion of the axle support section, the two supported sections facing each other and being spaced apart from each other in the upward and downward direction, and
wherein the two supported sections are supported by the support member in such a manner that the two supported sections are angularly displaceable around the steering axis line, relative to the support member.

US Pat. No. 10,427,747

BICYCLE FRAME STRUCTURE HAVING A DROP-OUT

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A bicycle frame structure having a drop-out, the bicycle frame structure comprising:a fixing bracket having a rail groove formed in a frontward and rearward direction and fixed to one side of the frame;
a movement member mounted to the fixing bracket to be movable forward and backward along the rail groove;
a drop plate fixed to the movement member and having a drop-out formed therein for fixing a wheel; and
an adjustment bolt screw-engaged by penetrating one side of the movement member, wherein a front end of adjustment bolt is supported by a fixing support formed in the fixing bracket, and wherein the movement member is moved along the rail groove according to rotation of the adjustment bolt,
wherein a protrusion is integrally formed in the fixing bracket, the protrusion fixed to the frame by being inserted into one side of the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,427,745

FORECARRIAGE OF TILTING MOTOR VEHICLE AND MOTOR VEHICLE THEREOF

1. Motor vehicle forecarriage comprisinga forecarriage frame,
a pair of front wheels kinematically connected to the forecarriage frame by means of an articulated quadrilateral,
said articulated quadrilateral comprising a pair of cross members, hinged to the forecarriage frame in correspondence of middle hinges,
said cross members being connected together, in correspondence of opposite transverse ends, by means of uprights pivoted to said transverse ends in correspondence of side hinges,
the cross members and the uprights defining said articulated quadrilateral,whereineach of the uprights guides and supports a stub axle of a front wheel, each upright extending from an upper end to a lower end,
wherein the left and right uprights rotatably support the left and right front wheels, respectively, around respective steering axes parallel to each other,
wherein each stub axle is mechanically connected to a rotation pin of a front wheel so as to rotatably support the front wheel around a related rotation axis,whereinthe forecarriage comprises, in correspondence with each stub axle, a steering tie-rod mechanically connected to the related stub axle to allow the steering of the stub axle and the related front wheel about the respective steering axes,wherein said steering tie-rod is rotatable about a respective steering axis, and extends from a first to a second anchoring end, wherein the first anchoring end is connected to the upper end of the upright and the second anchoring end is connected to the stub axle, said second anchoring end being movable with respect to the first anchoring end at least with respect to a springing or bumping direction, parallel to the steering axis, so as to follow the stub axle in a bumping movement parallel to the bumping direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,744

SADDLE TYPE VEHICLE

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A vehicle comprising:a vehicle body frame;
a power source supported on the vehicle body frame; and
an energy storage section that stores energy for the power source, the energy storage section being fixed to the vehicle body frame in a first fixed section provided in a front portion of the energy storage section by a first fastening member and in a second fixed section provided in a rear portion by a second fastening member,
wherein:
the first fixed section fixes the energy storage section to the vehicle body frame in such a manner that a relative movement of the energy storage section in relation to the vehicle body frame is prohibited,
the second fixed section fixes the energy storage section to the vehicle body frame in such a manner that the relative movement of the energy storage section in relation to the vehicle body frame is permitted,
the second fixed section includes a grommet and a collar inserted into the grommet,
the collar includes a cylindrical shaft section inserted into a penetration hole formed in the grommet,
a length of the shaft section is larger than a length of the penetration hole and an outside diameter of the shaft section is smaller than an inside diameter of the penetration hole, and
the second fastening member penetrates a shaft hole of the shaft section and is fastened to the vehicle body frame.

US Pat. No. 10,427,743

CONTAINER MOUNT FOR BICYCLE AEROBAR

HED Cycling Products, Inc...

1. A container mount for a bicycle having aerobars with extensions comprising:a support member comprising a support bracket adapted to support a container, the support bracket having a top portion adapted to couple to a water bottle cage that is wider than the top portion, the top portion having mounting holes through a top surface for mounting the water bottle cage on top of the top portion, the mounting holes including a forward mounting hole aligned along a longitudinal axis of the top surface;
a cylindrical joint member attached to the support member, the joint member having a long axis that defines a common axis of rotation of a joint; and
a first attachment member comprising:
a first collar portion having a first collar opening adapted to receive a first aerobar extension parallel to a center axis of the first collar opening;
a first attachment member second portion that extends inward from the first collar portion and has a first laterally inner portion away from the first collar portion;
a second attachment member comprising:
a second collar portion having a second collar opening adapted to receive a second aerobar extension parallel to a center axis of the second collar opening;
a second attachment member second portion that extends inward from the second collar portion and has a second laterally inner portion away from the second collar portion;
wherein first laterally inner portion and second laterally inner portion are rotatably coupled to the support member at the joint member to form the joint, the joint member is located laterally inward of the first collar opening and the second collar opening with the long axis of the joint member parallel to the center axis of the first collar opening and the center axis of the second collar opening, the support member is rotatable relative to the first attachment member and the second attachment member about the long axis of the joint member, the first attachment member and second attachment member are rotatable about the common axis of rotation defined by the joint member to adjust a lateral distance between the first collar portion and the second collar portion, the container mount is adapted to mount to the first aerobar extension and second aerobar extension with the long axis of the joint member parallel to the first aerobar extension and second aerobar extension to support the container in a position during use that is fully within a rider's torso profile, between the rider's arms and so that the container is accessible by the rider in aero form.

US Pat. No. 10,427,742

INTEGRATED BICYCLE FRAME BAG

Bell Sports, Inc., Scott...

1. A bicycle frame bag comprising:a bag body including a bag top, a bag bottom, a first bag side and a second bag side opposite the first bag side, the first bag side connecting with the bag top and the bag bottom at first edges, the second bag side connecting with the bag top and the bag bottom at second edges opposite the first edges;
a first frame including at least a first arm and a second arm operatively coupled to each other to resiliently maintain a first angle between the first and second arms that is less than 10 degrees different from an angle between two adjacent tubes of a bicycle frame, the first frame positioned adjacent to the first edges of the first bag side of the bag body;
a second frame including at least a third arm and a fourth arm operatively coupled to each other to resiliently maintain a second angle between the third and fourth arms that is less than 10 degrees different from the angle between the two adjacent tubes of the bicycle frame, the second frame positioned adjacent to the second edges of the second bag side of the bag body;
at least a first stitch line disposed across at least a portion of the bag top between the first and second frames, a dimension of the portion of the bag top along the at least a first stitch line narrowing to less than a dimension of the bag top adjacent to the first and second edges; and
at least a second stitch line disposed across at least a portion of the bag bottom between the first and second frames, a dimension of the portion of the bag bottom along the at least a second stitch line narrowing to less than a dimension of the bag bottom adjacent to the first and second edges.

US Pat. No. 10,427,741

INFINITE ADJUST SEAT POST WITH PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE

Fox Factory, Inc., Brase...

1. An adjustable seat post comprising:an upper post;
a lower post, wherein said upper post and said lower post are telescopically disposed with respect to each other;
a piston coupled to said lower post;
a first valve at least partially disposed within said piston, said first valve controlling a first fluid pathway through said piston, wherein said first fluid pathway extends between a first portion of a fluid chamber and a second portion of said fluid chamber, said first portion of said fluid chamber and said second portion of said fluid chamber separated by said piston;
an internal floating piston disposed within said seat post, said internal floating piston disposed between said second portion of said fluid chamber and a gas chamber such that said internal floating piston separates said gas chamber from said second portion of said fluid chamber; and
a second valve at least partially disposed within said piston, said second valve providing a second fluid pathway through said piston, wherein said second fluid pathway extends between said first portion of said fluid chamber and said second portion of said fluid chamber and provides a bypass for fluid to flow between said first portion of said fluid chamber and said second portion of said fluid chamber when at least a portion of said first fluid pathway is closed.

US Pat. No. 10,427,740

SPLIT OUTER SIDE PANEL JIG AND SYSTEM

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A system for hanging a split outer side panel on a rack in a manufacturing environment; the split outer side panel comprising a first part having a rear section, a top section, and a rear portion of a side sill, and a second part having an A-pillar, a B-pillar, and a front portion of the side sill; the system comprising:a jig for hanging the first part of the split outer side panel, wherein the jig replaces the second part in the manufacturing environment, and wherein the jig connects a free end of the rear portion of the side sill and a free end of the top section, thereby creating an opening that encircles a portion of the rack on which the split outer side panel is hanging, the jig comprising:
a first keyhole pin extending from a first surface of the jig, the first keyhole pin being received by a first keyhole in the first part; and
a second keyhole pin extending from the first surface of the jig, the second keyhole pin being received by a second keyhole in the first part.

US Pat. No. 10,427,739

METHOD FOR AVOIDING EDGE CRACKS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for manufacturing a motor vehicle comprising:separating a component out of a blank component by a separating method;
shaping the component;
assembling the component into a body of the motor vehicle;
determining the critical local expansion of the component with respect to the appearance of edge cracks due to an expansion of the component in a method wherein:
at least one expansion test is performed with at least one test component; and
a critical overall expansion is determined with the at least one expansion test;
wherein a local maximum expansion of the at least one test component is determined that the at least one test component exhibits at the time of the critical overall expansion of the at least one test component, and the local maximum expansion is the critical local expansion,
wherein a geometry for shaping the component and a geometry for the component fabricated in the separating method is configured such that a local expansion at an edge of the component is less than the critical local expansion of the component relative to an appearance of edge cracks due to the expansion of the component while shaping the component such that no cracks larger than 1 ?m are present on the edge of the component after shaping the component and the method further comprises determining the critical local expansion prior to shaping the component, and the geometry of shaping the component and the geometry of the component fabricated in the separating method are determined as a function of the critical local expansion determined to ensure that the expansion at the edge is smaller while shaping the component than the critical local expansion.

US Pat. No. 10,427,738

LIFTABLE AXLE SUSPENSION

Volvo Truck Corporation, ...

1. A suspension system for a vehicle, comprising:a frame including opposing longitudinal vehicle frame members; an axle, including wheels, provided with a lifted position and a lowered position;
opposing first and second frame hanger brackets mounted to the opposing longitudinal vehicle frame members;
an axle lift system adapted to lift or lower the axle;
steering stabilizers that are adapted to bias the wheels in a substantially longitudinally forward direction;
first upper and lower control arms that:
longitudinally locate a first end of the axle along the frame;
include first ends pivotably mounted to the first end of the axle via a first upper pivotable axle joint and a first lower pivotable axle joint, respectively, wherein the first upper and lower pivotable axle joints are substantially aligned with each other in a lateral direction and vertically spaced from each other in a vertical direction;
include second ends that are pivotably mounted to the first frame hanger bracket via first upper and lower pivotable hanger joints, respectively, wherein the first upper and lower pivotable hanger joints are spaced with respect to each other in the lateral direction and vertically spaced from each other in the vertical direction; and
diverge, in opposite directions, laterally inward and outward, respectively, from the first upper and lower pivotable axle joints to the first upper and lower pivotable hanger joints; and
second upper and lower control arms that:
longitudinally locate a second end of the axle along the frame;
include first ends pivotably mounted to the second end of the axle at second upper pivotable axle joint and a second lower pivotable axle joint, respectively, wherein the second upper and lower pivotable axle joints are substantially aligned with each other in a lateral direction and vertically spaced from each other in a vertical direction;
include second ends that are pivotably mounted to the second frame hanger bracket via second upper and lower pivotable hanger joints, respectively, wherein the second upper and lower pivotable hanger joints are spaced with respect to each other in the lateral direction and vertically spaced from each other in the vertical direction; and
diverge, in opposite directions, laterally inward and outward, respectively, from the second upper and lower pivotable axle joints to the second upper and lower pivotable hanger joints.

US Pat. No. 10,427,737

SHIM FOR TRACK ROLLER FRAME

Caterpillar Inc., Peoria...

1. A shim for a track roller frame, the shim comprising:a first surface and a second surface, the first and second surfaces laterally spaced apart from each other, the first and second surfaces defining a thickness of the shim therebetween; and
a retention element formed on the shim, wherein the retention element is configured to position the shim on the track roller frame, restrict a movement of the shim relative to the track roller frame, and couple the shim to the track roller frame
wherein the retention element includes a flange projecting from the shim, and a first tab and a second tab laterally spaced apart from each other along the length of the shim.

US Pat. No. 10,427,736

WEAR RESISTANT STUDS FOR TRACKED VEHICLES

3. A wear resistant stud for a vehicle comprising:an elongate threaded stud member having a top surface;
a body of tungsten carbide on said top surface; and
a weld pool surrounding said body of tungsten carbide and said top surface of said stud member,
wherein said weld pool is slowly cooled from a hot applied state so as to assist with adhesion of the weld pool to the body of tungsten carbide by the application of head from frictional contact with a rotary wire brush.

US Pat. No. 10,427,735

DRIVE SPROCKET FOR A TRACKED UTILITY VEHICLE

MTD PRODUCTS INC, Valley...

1. A drive sprocket for driving a track of a tracked utility vehicle, said drive sprocket comprising:a pair of spaced-apart inner rings, wherein said inner rings are oriented in a substantially spaced-apart manner, each of said inner rings having a peripheral edge;
a plurality of rods attached to said inner rings adjacent to said peripheral edge thereof, said rods having a surface; and
a pair of guide rings fixedly attached to said rods, wherein each of said guide rings is attached adjacent to an opposing end of said rods, said guide rings being oriented substantially parallel to each other and said inner rings;
wherein a portion of said surface of said rods extend radially outward away from an outer peripheral surface of the inner rings relative to a rotational axis of said drive sprocket.

US Pat. No. 10,427,734

OMNIDIRECTIONAL TRACTION MODULE FOR A ROBOT

General Electric Company,...

1. A traction module for a robot, the traction module comprising:an outer frame;
a rotating frame rotatably mounted within the outer frame;
at least one drive system mounted within the rotating frame, the at least one drive system having a fixed orientation within the rotating frame, wherein the at least one drive system includes a set of positionable rollers movable between a flat mode and a clearance mode, wherein each of the set of positionable rollers has a respective axis of rotation and the flat mode aligns each axis of rotation of the set of positionable rollers in a plane and the clearance mode aligns each axis of rotation of the set of positionable rollers in at least two distinct planes; and
an actuator operatively connected to the rotating frame to controllably rotate the rotating frame to a desired orientation.

US Pat. No. 10,427,733

CRAWLER DEVICE AND TRAVELING APPARATUS

Topy Kogyo Kabushiki Kais...

1. A crawler device comprising:a crawler unit including a first support extending along a first rotational axis and a pair of crawler structures extending in a direction of the first rotational axis and disposed on the first support, the crawler structures opposed to each other with the first rotational axis extending therebetween; and
at least one second support supporting the crawler unit such that the crawler unit is rotatable about the first rotational axis,
wherein the crawler unit further comprises a pair of ground contacting structures disposed on the first support;
the pair of ground contacting structures are disposed outside of the pair of crawler structures in a direction in which the pair of crawler structures are opposed to each other;
the pair of crawler structures and the pair of ground contacting structures cooperate to provide the crawler unit with a circular cylindrical configuration about the first rotational axis; and
an outer periphery of the crawler unit has first zones occupied by the pair of crawler structures and second zones occupied by the pair of ground contacting structures, the first zones and the second zones alternately arranged in a circumferential direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,731

ADJUSTABLE MOUNT APPARATUS FOR USE WITH VEHICLES AND RELATED METHODS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a rear gate;
a side extending forward relative to the rear gate; and
a mount having a first portion and a second portion, the first portion to receive an object to be carried by the mount, the first portion pivotably coupled to the second portion and rotatable relative to the second portion between a first position and a second position, the second portion slidably coupled to the side of the vehicle and translatable along the side of the vehicle between a third position and a fourth position, the second portion adjacent the rear gate when in the third position and further away from the rear gate when in the fourth position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,730

ACTIVE SIDE SHIELD

1. A method of actively managing aerodynamics of a pick-up truck, the pick-up truck including a cabin and a bed, a transition region being defined between the cabin and the bed in a region where the cabin transitions to the bed; the pick-up truck including a side shield, the side shield being movable between a stowed position and a deployed position, the side shield being located within a side wall of the bed when in the stowed position, and, when moving from the stowed position to the deployed position, the side shield extends at least partially out of the side wall in a direction toward the cabin when in the deployed position, the side wall including an aperture through which the side shield can be moved into and out of the stowed position and the deployed position, the method including:receiving an input indicating a position for the side shield, the position being one of the stowed position or the deployed position; and
causing the side shield to be moved into or maintained in the position indicated in the input, whereby the aerodynamics of the pick-up truck at the transition region are actively managed by the side shield being in the stowed position or the deployed position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,729

TANK TRAILER WRAP

Tank Trailer Technologies...

1. An aerodynamic tank trailer wrap comprising:a first side assembly extending vertically between a first upper end and a first lower end;
a first upper coupler configured to couple the first upper end of the first side assembly to a first side of a tank trailer;
a second side assembly extending vertically between a second upper end and a second lower end;
a second upper coupler configured to couple the second upper end of the second side assembly to a second side of the tank trailer; and
a lower attachment member extending below a tank of the tank trailer and coupling together the first lower end of the first side assembly and the second lower end of the second side assembly;
wherein each of the first side assembly and the second side assembly includes a substantially vertical upper portion configured to couple to one of the first side and the second side of the tank trailer, and an angled lower portion coupled to the upper portion and configured to extend inwardly toward a center axis of the tank trailer under the tank trailer.

US Pat. No. 10,427,727

DEPLOYABLE AERODYNAMIC DEVICE FOR REAR OF A CARGO BODY

STEMCO PRODUCTS, INC., C...

1. An aerodynamic device for a rear of a cargo body comprising:a side panel mounted between a frame of the cargo body and to a support that hinges between a retracted position and a deployed position;
a mechanism that selectively biases the support to at least one of the retracted position and the deployed position;
a side take-up area into which the side panel is gathered in the retracted position;
a moving top frame member operatively connected to the support that coordinates movement of a top panel between the retracted position and the deployed position; and
a top take-up area into which the top panel is gathered in the retracted position,
wherein at least one of the side take-up area or the top take-up area includes a roller.

US Pat. No. 10,427,726

TRAILER SIDEWALL CONSTRUCTION

1. A removable panel for a sidewall of a container for transporting bulk material, the removable panel comprising a retaining flange relief at a longitudinal upper edge of the removable panel, wherein the retaining flange relief is sized and shaped to receive a retaining flange of the sidewall, and a lower panel relief at a longitudinal lower edge of the removable panel, wherein the lower panel relief is sized and shaped to receive an upward-extending arm of a corner slat of a walking floor of the container.

US Pat. No. 10,427,725

UNITARY FLOOR

NEXGEN COMPOSITES LLC, K...

1. A unitary floor system comprising:a top layer;
a bottom layer; and
an intermediate layer having a longitudinal central floor axis along a major length of the intermediate layer, thereby defining a first side and a second side, the intermediate layer comprising:
floor components that define at least one edge line, wherein the floor components are tiled together and sandwiched between the top layer and the bottom layer to provide an integral structure that comprises a continuous surface, unitary floor; and
a frame that surrounds the floor components;
wherein:
each of the floor components comprises a composite assembly of material strips that includes a first set of material strips and a second set of material strips,
the first set of material strips has a different density compared to the second set of material strips; and
edge lines of the floor components span between the longitudinal central floor axis and the frame, wherein the floor components do not cross the longitudinal central floor axis from the first side to the second side.

US Pat. No. 10,427,724

VEHICLE AND VEHICLE AIR COMPRESSOR SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a truck bed having a side panel extending upward from a floor panel;
a docking plate secured to an internal surface of the side panel and having a protruding middle section that defines a gap between the docking plate and the internal surface of the side panel;
a baseplate having first and second opposing externals surfaces, the second surface of the baseplate defining a plurality of orifices that includes a first subset of orifices patterned to receive fasteners for mounting a plurality of air compressor models having mounting footprints of varying dimensions, a second subset of orifices patterned to receive fasteners for mounting a plurality of air storage tank models having, mounting footprints of varying dimensions, and a third subset of orifices patterned to receive fasteners for mounting hose wrapping brackets;
a latching system extending from the first surface and engaging the docking plate to secure the baseplate thereto; and
an air compressor and an air storage tank, each secured to the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,427,723

MOTOR VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle body, comprising:a lateral sill panel device, wherein the lateral sill panel device is made of fiber-reinforced plastic and includes an external wall element as an impact face; and
a floorpan structure, wherein the floorpan structure includes a transverse seat support which is made of fiber-reinforced plastic and which extends in a Y direction of the vehicle body substantially to the external wall element.

US Pat. No. 10,427,722

REINFORCING SYSTEM FOR REINFORCING A CAVITY OF A STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

SIKA TECHNOLOGY AG, Baar...

1. A reinforcing system for reinforcing a cavity of a structural element, a carrier element being connected to the structural element in the structural element for reinforcement purposes, the reinforcing system comprising:a carrier element having channels; and
an adhesive disposed in the cavity between the carrier element and the structural element,
wherein the adhesive is introduced into the cavity between the carrier element and the structural element by means of the channels,
wherein the channels are disposed on the carrier element,
wherein on the structural element, an opening is arranged by means of which the adhesive is introduced into the channels,
wherein the adhesive has a tension modulus of 1000 to 4000 MPa, and
wherein the adhesive has a maximum shear stress of 15 to 30 MPa.

US Pat. No. 10,427,721

MOUNTING ELEMENT AND MOUNTING ARRANGEMENT IN A VEHICLE

1. A connection element to connect a heavy duty component to a hollow profile in a motor vehicle, the connection element comprising:a profile extension having a substantially rectangular cross-section with a top face and a bottom face, and a bore to permit a connection to the heavy duty component, the profile extension being configured for insertion into the hollow profile such that the top face and the bottom face are oriented parallel to and for support by a top face and a bottom face of the hollow profile; and
a flange face having a cross-section configured to protrude beyond the cross-section of the profile extension to lie against an outer side face of the hollow profile.

US Pat. No. 10,427,720

FRONT PORTION STRUCTURE FOR VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A front portion structure for a vehicle, the front portion structure comprising:a powertrain disposed in a front portion of the vehicle; and
a suspension cross member disposed behind the powertrain and extending along a width direction of the vehicle, the suspension cross member including a load receiving portion in the width direction of the vehicle, the load receiving portion being disposed at a highest point of the suspension cross member with respect to the vehicle, wherein:
the powertrain includes an abutting bracket configured to abut against the suspension cross member when the powertrain moves backward during a front collision of the vehicle, and
the abutting bracket is disposed on a lower side of a differential case of a differential device with respect to the vehicle, the differential device being provided in a transaxle of the powertrain and at a position facing the load receiving portion of the suspension cross member, the abutting bracket being disposed inside a recessed portion in a lower surface of the transaxle, the lower surface of the transaxle being disposed on the lower side of the differential case.

US Pat. No. 10,427,719

INTERIOR PANELS FOR MOTOR VEHICLES AND METHODS FOR MAKING THE SAME

FAURECIA INTERIOR SYSTEMS...

1. An interior panel for a motor vehicle, the interior panel comprising:a substrate;
a skin covering at least partially overlying the substrate;
a foam disposed between the skin covering and the substrate; and
a gas-receiving hollow structure at least partially disposed in the foam, wherein the gas-receiving hollow structure has an opening configured for receiving gas and comprises a wall that at least partially surrounds a chamber that is in fluid communication with the opening, wherein the opening is disposed in and completely covered by the foam.

US Pat. No. 10,427,718

TRUCK DRIVELINE SUSPENDER

1. A driveline suspension system, comprising in combination:a vehicle having a driveline extending from an engine to drive wheels, said driveline disconnected from said drive wheels;
an elongate, adjustable length crossbar configured to be interposed between longitudinally extending frame members of said vehicle with said driveline detached from said drive wheels thereof;
a saddle removably attachable to said crossbar; and
said saddle having a width at least as great as a width of said driveline.

US Pat. No. 10,427,717

HITCH ASSIST SYSTEM WITH HITCH COUPLER IDENTIFICATION FEATURE AND HITCH COUPLER HEIGHT ESTIMATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A hitch assist system of a vehicle, comprising:an imager configured to capture one or more images containing a trailer having a hitch coupler;
a touchscreen display configured to show a view of the trailer and register one or more touch events thereon for specifying a location of the hitch coupler; and
a controller configured to:
generate an overlay on the display, wherein the location that the overlay is generated on the display is predetermined and the overlay has a predetermined dimension that corresponds to a minimum acceptable displayed width of the trailer;
instruct a user to position the vehicle such that the minimum acceptable displayed width of the trailer occupies the overlay on the display; and
generate an icon on the display at the specified location of the hitch coupler.

US Pat. No. 10,427,716

HITCH ASSIST SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

19. A hitch assist method comprising the steps of:detecting a hitch coupler of a trailer;
generating a boundary area projecting from the hitch coupler;
defining a vehicle backup path toward the trailer if a tow hitch of a vehicle is located inside the boundary area; and
determining a steering angle for steering the vehicle along the vehicle backup path.

US Pat. No. 10,427,715

DRIVING SUPPORT APPARATUS

MITSUBISHI JIDOSHA KOGYO ...

1. A driving support apparatus comprising:a camera detecting an other vehicle travelling on a second lane adjacent to a first lane on which an own vehicle is travelling;
a proximity controller generating a warning to a driver of the own vehicle;
a turn signal lever that turns on an indicator to indicate intention of a driver of the own vehicle to change from the first lane to the second lane; and
a controller and a storage storing a program that causes the controller to:
acquire information containing at least a size of the other vehicle detected by the camera;
compare a size of the own vehicle with that of the other vehicle and increase a distance of a detection range towards a rear side in a traveling direction of the own vehicle when the acquired size of the other vehicle is larger than a size of the own vehicle to secure an increased braking distance for the other vehicle between the own vehicle and the other vehicle when the own vehicle moves to the second lane;
determine whether the other vehicle is located in the detection range; and
determine whether the turn signal lever is operated in a direction in which the own vehicle is to be moved towards a same side as that where the other vehicle is detected,
wherein the proximity controller is activated when the other vehicle is determined to be in the detection range and the turn signal lever is determined to be operated in the direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,714

STEERING FEEL CONTROL DEVICE IN STEER-BY-WIRE SYSTEM

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A steering feel control device in a steer-by-wire system, the device comprising:a pressure member configured to be rotated in a predetermined direction or in an opposite direction to the predetermined direction within a predetermined rotation path depending on a direction in which a steering wheel is rotated;
a push block rotatably provided in the predetermined rotation path of the predetermined direction or the opposite direction;
a first elastic member configured to provide elastic restoration force with respect to a rotation direction of the pressure member to enable elastic variation in a rotational displacement between the pressure member and the push block; and
a second elastic member configured to provide elastic restoration force with respect to a rotation direction of the push block to enable elastic variation in a rotational displacement when the push block is rotated away from the pressure member, the second elastic member having an elastic constant smaller than an elastic constant of the first elastic member and being provided in a pre-compressed state at a steering angle neutral position to have elastic force greater than elastic force of the first elastic member.

US Pat. No. 10,427,713

STEERING APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE

MANDO CORPORATION, Gyeon...

1. A steering apparatus for a vehicle, the apparatus comprising:a controller configured to transmit steering control signals on the basis of a first input signal from a torque sensor configured to sense torque of a steering shaft and a second input signal from any one of a location sensor, a camera sensor, a distance sensor, a vehicle speed sensor, and a vehicle height sensor, wherein the controller is configured to, when receiving the first input signal and the second input signal simultaneously, transmit the steering control signal in response to the first input signal;
a first steering power assist configured to generate steering force by rotating the steering shaft or supplement steering force of the steering shaft rotating forward or backward, using electric power in response to the steering control signal from the controller; and
a second steering power assist configured to switch channels for working fluid, depending on forward or backward rotation of the steering shaft, and steer wheels by operating a tie rod or a knuckle using hydraulic pressure of the working fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,427,712

AUTOMATIC DRIVING SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An automatic driving system comprising:an electric power steering apparatus; and
a control apparatus that performs automatic steering control for controlling the electric power steering apparatus to make a vehicle travel along a target traveling route while allowing a steering intervention by a driver;
wherein the control apparatus is programmed to perform:
determining processing to determine whether the automatic driving system is working well or not working well, based on tracking condition of the target traveling route by the vehicle; and
coping processing to increase a degree with which the steering intervention by the driver is reflected to a control variable of the electric power steering apparatus when the automatic driving system is determined to be not working well.

US Pat. No. 10,427,711

METHOD OF SELF-DIAGNOSIS FOR POWER STEERING ASSEMBLY

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A power steering assembly comprising:a steering unit configured to steer a device and a motor operatively connected to the steering unit;
a controller in communication with the motor and including a processor and tangible, non-transitory memory on which is recorded instructions for executing a method;
wherein the steering unit is configured to be rotatable by the motor based on a command by the controller to the motor;
wherein execution of the instructions by the processor causes the controller to:
determine if one or more enabling conditions are met, the one or more enabling conditions including an ignition of the device being on and a speed of the device being zero;
if each of the one or more enabling conditions are met, then cause the steering unit to rotate through a plurality of angles from an original position, via the command to the motor such that the steering unit is rotated by the motor only, the steering unit being caused to rotate first in a forward direction up to a predefined maximum angle, second in a reverse direction up to a negative of the predefined maximum angle and third in the forward direction back to the original position;
obtain motor torque data characterizing respective motor torque of the motor at the plurality of angles;
compare the motor torque data to predetermined baseline data; and
control the assembly based at least partially on the motor torque data and the predetermined baseline data.

US Pat. No. 10,427,710

ELECTRIC POWER STEERING APPARATUS

NSK LTD., Tokyo (JP)

1. An electric power steering apparatus of a vector control system that calculates steering assist command values of dq-axes based on at least a steering torque, calculates dq-axes current command values from said steering assist command values, converts said dq-axes current command values into 3-phase duty command values, driving-controls a 3-phase brushless motor by an inverter of a pulse width modulation (PWM) control, and applies an assist torque to a steering system of a vehicle,wherein said electric power steering apparatus has two dead time compensating functions A and B of which efficiencies to perform a dead time compensation of said inverter are different,
wherein said dead time compensating function A is a compensation function based on motor terminal voltages and has an effect in a low speed steering maneuver, and said dead time compensating function B is a compensation function based on a motor rotational angle and has an effect in a low speed steering maneuver and a middle speed steering maneuver, and
wherein said dead time compensation is performed by gradually switching from one of said dead time compensating functions A and B to other dead time compensating function while mixing said dead time compensating functions A and B.

US Pat. No. 10,427,709

ELECTRIC MOTOR AND ELECTRIC POWER STEERING APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An electric motor for driving a drive subject, comprising:a case that is an aluminum die-cast product and includes:
a case tubular portion that is shaped into a tubular form; and
a case bottom portion that closes one end part of the case tubular portion;
a frame that is an aluminum die-cast product and includes:
a frame main body that is placed at an inside of an opposite part of the case tubular portion, which is opposite from the case bottom portion, wherein an outer wall of an outer peripheral portion of the frame main body is opposed to an inner wall of the case tubular portion, and a receiving space is formed by the frame main body, the case tubular portion and the case bottom portion; and
a frame hole that is formed in a center part of the frame main body;
a stator that is shaped into a ring form and is received in the receiving space, wherein the stator is coaxial with the case tubular portion and is not rotatable relative to the case tubular portion;
a winding that is wound around the stator;
a shaft that is inserted through the frame hole and is rotatably supported by a center part of the case bottom portion and the frame hole;
a rotor that is rotatable together with the shaft, wherein an outer wall of the rotor is opposed to an inner wall of the stator, and an inner wall of the rotor is fixed to an outer wall of the shaft; and
a seal member that is placed between the case tubular portion and the drive subject and liquid tightly seals between the case tubular portion and the drive subject.

US Pat. No. 10,427,708

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING MOTOR DRIVEN POWER STEERING SYSTEM

Hyundai Mobis Co., Ltd., ...

1. A method for controlling a motor driven power steering (MDPS) system, comprising:detecting, by a controller, a current position of a rack bar;
comparing, by the controller, the current position of the rack bar with a preset maximum position of the rack bar to generate a comparison result;
updating, by the controller, a maximum position of the rack bar according to the comparison result; and
setting, by the controller, a rack end stop control section using the updated maximum position of the rack bar.

US Pat. No. 10,427,707

DUAL-PINION ELECTRIC POWER STEERING DEVICE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A dual-pinion electric power steering device comprising:a rack shaft that causes a turnable member to turn;
a first pinion shaft to which a steering force from a steering wheel is transmitted;
a first rack teeth disposed on the rack shaft and capable of meshing with the first pinion shaft;
a second pinion shaft to which a rotational driving force from a rotational driving source is transmitted;
a second rack teeth disposed on the rack shaft and capable of meshing with the second pinion shaft;
a first pressing member disposed across the rack shaft from the first pinion shaft such that the rack shaft is interposed between the first pressing member and the first pinion shaft, the first pressing member configured to press the rack shaft against the first pinion shaft; and
a second pressing member disposed across the rack shaft from the second pinion shaft such that the rack shaft is interposed between the second pressing member and the second pinion shaft, the second pressing member configured to press the rack shaft against the second pinion shaft,
wherein the first pressing member has a lower rigidity than the second pressing member, the first pressing member is made of a material having a lower rigidity than the second pressing member, and the first pressing member is made of aluminum or an aluminum alloy.

US Pat. No. 10,427,706

STEERING COLUMN WITH A BEARING SEAT WHICH CAN BE MOUNTED IN A FLEXIBLE MANNER

THYSSENKRUPP PRESTA AG, ...

1. A steering column for a motor vehicle, the steering column comprising:a casing tube that extends along a longitudinal axis and has an at least partially non-circular inner cross section;
a steering spindle that is mounted in at least one bearing in the casing tube so as to be rotatable about the longitudinal axis, wherein the at least one bearing comprises an outer ring that for purposes of mounting interacts with an inner bearing surface disposed on the steering spindle, wherein the outer ring fits in an adapter comprising an outer circumferential configuration that is compatible with the at least partially non-circular inner cross section of the casing tube and an interior annular bearing seat, wherein the at least partially non-circular inner cross section of the casing tube that is compatible with the adapter extends over a length of at least three times a bearing width of the at least one bearing; and
fastening elements for fastening the steering column to the motor vehicle,
wherein the inner cross section of the casing tube is bounded by an inner circumferential surface, the inner cross section comprising at least two partially cylindrical surfaces between which rectangular grooves are disposed, and
wherein the at least two partially cylindrical surfaces bound a tubular guide into which an inner casing tube is inserted for rotation therewith and in an axially displaceable manner.

US Pat. No. 10,427,705

STEERING WHEEL WITH FIXED ECCENTRIC CENTER HUB

GM Global Technology Oper...

8. An automotive vehicle, comprising:a plurality of vehicle wheels;
a steering system comprising
a steering column assembly;
a steering wheel assembly secured to the steering column assembly, the steering wheel assembly comprising a steering wheel frame, a steering wheel rim, and a hub; and
an emulator providing steering torque feedback via the steering wheel assembly, the emulator comprising a motor enclosed within a housing, the motor coupled to the steering column assembly;
wherein the steering wheel frame and the hub are stationary and the steering wheel rim rotates relative to the steering wheel frame and the hub;
wherein the steering wheel assembly is positionable between a stowed position and an unstowed position; and
wherein the steering system is connected to the vehicle wheels for steering the vehicle wheels.

US Pat. No. 10,427,704

UNIVERSAL COUPLING DEVICES

WALMART APOLLO, LLC, Ben...

1. A universal support clip for coupling a mobile electronic device to a shopping cart, comprising:a bar clamping member, comprising:
a first end having a gap;
a second end opposite the first end, the second end having a unitary single piece base portion constructed and arranged to accommodate a plurality of different device mount interfaces, a center of the base portion including an opening, the gap along a same axis as the opening; and
a body portion between the first and second ends, the body portion including a curved interior wall for receiving a portion of a handlebar of the shopping cart from the first end in an open state and for securing to the portion of the handlebar when the first end is in a closed state;
a device mount interface of the plurality of different device mount interfaces at the second end of the bar clamping member for coupling the mobile electronic device to the universal support clip; and
a universal adapter extending from the device mount interface and mating with the opening in the center of the base portion at the second end of the bar clamping member.

US Pat. No. 10,427,703

ROLLING CART WITH TILTABLE FRAME

1. A slab moving device comprising:a rolling cart;
a generally planar frame, tiltably mounted on said cart;
said frame tiltable between a horizontal and a vertical position;
at least one tilt lock with a locking member releasably engaged between said tiltable frame and said rolling cart,
a pivot plate having at least one aperture for receiving said locking member such that said tiltable frame will lock into a horizontal position during a pivot motion,
at least one automatically retracting lifter foot retractably mounted at an edge of said tiltable frame, and
at least one transit chock spaced apart from at least one vertically extendable strut to form a gap of a predetermined width, into which can be received a slab secured to said tiltable frame, and
at least one handle effecting disengagement of said at least one tilt lock.

US Pat. No. 10,427,702

MODULAR UTILITY CART WITH REMOVABLY POSITIONABLE BINS AND DRAWER

Suncast Technologies, LLC...

1. A modular utility cart comprising:a bottom platform, said bottom platform including a bottom surface and a top surface, said bottom surface including a plurality of casters secured thereto to provide movement to said modular utility cart,
a plurality of support posts each having a bottom end and a top end, said bottom end of each said support post secured to said top surface of said bottom platform,
a top platform separated vertically from said bottom platform by said plurality of said support posts, said top platform including a top surface and a bottom surface, said bottom surface of said top platform secured to said top end of said support posts, said support posts include a pair of first support posts and a pair of second support posts, wherein said top end of said first and said second support posts include at least one integrally formed intermeshing key, said intermeshing keys interlocking with conjugately shaped sockets formed into said bottom surface of said top platform, said first set of support posts are attached at a front end of said utility cart, said second set of support posts are attached at a back end of said utility cart, said top platform including an upstanding wall extending around the perimeter of said top platform wherein each said second support post is constructed to include an open faced U-shaped channel having a back wall and opposing sidewalls, said back wall including a plurality of open pockets, each open pocket having a top surface that is sized to cooperate with at least one bin to retain said at least one bin in position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,701

APPLIANCE STAND AND DOLLY

1. A portable platform for an appliance, comprising:a base platform having an upper wall and a bottom wall;
a pair of front foot assemblies, each capable of being adjustable relative to said base platform;
a pair of rear foot feet assemblies, each capable of being adjustable relative to said base platform;
a pair of rotating caster assemblies located on a front of said base platform;
a pair of fixed caster assemblies located on a rear of said base platform; and,
four stay assemblies, each affixed to and located adjacent to a corner of said base platform upper wall;
wherein each stay assembly is configured to securely retain a leg of said appliance therein;
wherein said pair of rotating caster assemblies includes a caster wheel mounted via an axle to a caster frame, said caster frame mounted to a caster plate, wherein said caster plate is rotatably attached to said base platform bottom wall; and
wherein said pair of rotating caster assemblies are mounted within a recessed area;
wherein said base platform includes a protective coating;
wherein each of said pair of front foot assemblies includes a first foot base, a first shaft adjustably attached to said base platform, said first shaft having a first shaft first end affixed to said first foot base, and each of said pair of rear foot assemblies includes a second foot base and, a second shaft adjustably attached to said base platform, said second shaft having a second shaft first end affixed to said second foot base;
wherein each of said pair of front foot assemblies includes a first non-marring surface located on a bottom surface of said first foot base and, each of said pair of rear foot assemblies includes a second non-marring surface located on a bottom surface of said second foot base;
wherein said second shaft passes through said base platform bottom wall and said base platform upper wall;
wherein each of said pair of front foot assemblies includes a first non-marring surface located on a bottom surface of said first foot base, and, each of said pair of rear foot assemblies includes a second non-marring surface located on a bottom surface of said second foot base;
wherein said leveling feet provides leveling ability to compensate for uneven floors.

US Pat. No. 10,427,699

INFORMATION TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AND INFORMATION TRANSMISSION METHOD FOR RAIL TRANSPORT

Siemens Mobility AG, Mun...

1. An information transmission system for rail transport using communication between a track and a rail vehicle, the system comprising:a transmitter having a known transmit power; and
a receiver having at least one first adjustable receive level threshold defining a maximum distance between said transmitter and said receiver within which said receiver can receive with respect to said transmitter in a respective application;
a second receive level threshold being higher than said at least one first adjustable receive level threshold;
said receiver producing a warning signal if said at least one first adjustable receive level threshold is exceeded and generating a train approaching signal if said second receive level threshold is exceeded.

US Pat. No. 10,427,698

TRAIN DERAILER PLACEMENT WARNING DEVICE

Green Timber Energy, Bet...

1. An automated warning system for the placement of a railway derailer on a rail of a railway, the derailer comprising an underside that engages at least in part the railway rail when the derailer is positioned on the railway rail, the derailer comprising a derail component that derails railway traffic passing at least in part over the derailer, the derail component defining an engagement surface on said derailer where railway traffic engages at least in part the derailer to derail the railway traffic, the derail component defining a safe zone on said derailer where railway traffic does not engage the derailer, the warning system comprising an electronic circuit having an electric power source, an electronic switch and an electronic alert; said switch having an ON state in which the electric power source activates the alert to generate a warning signal and an OFF state in which the electric power source does not activate the alert; the switch being positioned on or along the underside of the derailer such that the switch assumes the ON state when the derailer is positioned at least in part on the railway rail, one of said electronic switch, said electric power source and said electronic alert being separated from the engagement surface.

US Pat. No. 10,427,697

RAIL PRESSURE ADJUSTMENT ASSEMBLY AND SYSTEM FOR RAIL VEHICLES

NORDCO INC., Oak Creek, ...

1. A rail vehicle including a rail pressure control system, the rail vehicle comprising:a wheel assembly including wheels configured to traverse rails of a railroad track;
a controller having a processor in communication with said wheel assembly; and
a non-transitory computer readable medium, disposed on the rail vehicle, and containing instructions, which when executed by the processor, cause performance of the following steps in real-time as the rail vehicle traverses the rails:
determine a rail pressure of said wheels on said rails;
determine a degree of curvature of said rails as the rail vehicle moves along said railroad track;
determine a minimum rail pressure of said wheels on said rails based on said degree of curvature;
determine if the rail pressure is equal to or greater than said minimum rail pressure; and
adjust the rail pressure of said wheels on said rails to be said minimum rail pressure when said rail pressure is less than said minimum rail pressure to maintain stability of the rail vehicle on said railroad track.

US Pat. No. 10,427,696

METHOD OF PRODUCING PLATE SPRING FOR RAILCAR BOGIE

KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIK...

1. A method of producing plate springs for a railcar bogie,the plate springs each extending in a car longitudinal direction and elastically supporting a cross beam while being supported by an axle box in the railcar bogie, the axle box accommodating a bearing for an axle,
the method comprising:
a molding step of molding a mother plate made of fiber-reinforced resin by using a die, the mother plate including a layer made of continuous fibers oriented in a first direction when viewed from a normal direction of a main surface of the mother plate;
a cut position determining step of determining positions of a plurality of parallel cut lines for cutting the mother plate along the first direction, including end portions of the mother plate, each end portion having a smaller width than the plate spring and the end portions being located on the mother plate in a direction orthogonal to the first direction, the cut position determining step performed after the molding step; and
a cutting step of cutting the mother plate along the plurality of cut lines to take out the plate springs made of the fiber-reinforced resin and the end portions.

US Pat. No. 10,427,695

DEVICE FOR REPLACING ROLLER SETS

Innova Patent GmbH, Wolf...

1. A device for replacing roller sets disposed on pylons of cable cars, the device comprising:a replacing vehicle being moved along a cable of the cable car, said replacing vehicle having at least two winches with cables, by means of said replacing vehicle a roller set to be replaced can be lowered and a new roller set raised, said replacing vehicle further having grips and at least two interconnected vehicles which are connected to the cable by way of said grips; and
connection rods, said interconnected vehicles are connected to each other at said grips by means of said connection rods.

US Pat. No. 10,427,693

VEHICLE-SURROUNDING MONITORING DEVICE AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A vehicle-surrounding monitoring device comprising:a line-of-sight direction determination section that determines a direction of a line of sight of a driver;
an obstacle determination section that determines whether an obstacle is disposed in a predetermined direction around a vehicle; and
a notification control section that notifies notification information indicating a determination result of the obstacle determination section in an other direction around the vehicle with a notification unit when it is determined that the direction of the line of sight of the driver is one direction around the vehicle, wherein:
the notification unit includes a voice output unit that outputs voice information as the notification information; and
when it is determined that the direction of the line of sight of the driver is the one direction around the vehicle, the notification control section controls the voice output unit on an other direction side around the vehicle to output the voice information indicating the determination result of the obstacle determination section in the other direction around the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,692

VEHICLE CONTROL MODULE WITH SIGNAL SWITCHBOARD AND INPUT TABLES

Crown Equipment Corporati...

1. A computer-based vehicle control module capable of operating on one of first and second materials handling vehicles comprising:a module input table comprising a superset of module input elements, wherein the superset of module input elements comprises a first subset of module input elements related to a first set of hardware devices provided on the first vehicle and a second subset of module input elements related to a second set of hardware devices provided on the second vehicle;
at least one configuration table comprising respective configuration elements corresponding to ones of the superset of module input elements, wherein each respective configuration element comprises data related to effect a transformation of a value associated with the corresponding module input element of the module input table;
vehicle function input elements related to vehicle function inputs utilized on the first vehicle and the second vehicle; and
structure for determining a value associated with a module input element of the module input table corresponding to a vehicle function input element, transforming the value to a transformed value and linking the transformed value with the corresponding vehicle function input element.

US Pat. No. 10,427,691

METHOD FOR DETECTING THE DIRECTION OF TRAVEL OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

JTEKT EUROPE, Irigny (FR...

1. A method for determining the longitudinal direction of travel of a vehicle, said method comprising:a step (a) of collecting a first signal (Signal1) from a torque sensor, representing a first driving parameter, wherein the sign of the variations of said first signal does not depend on the longitudinal direction of travel of the vehicle, and the first parameter is a torque exerted by a driver of the vehicle on a steering wheel of the vehicle,
a step (b) of collecting a second signal (Signal2) from a stability control system sensor, representing a second driving parameter distinct from the first driving parameter, and wherein the sign of the variations of said second signal changes depending on the longitudinal direction of travel of the vehicle, wherein the second parameter is a yaw rate (??) of the vehicle, then
a step (c) of comparing signs, said step (c) comprising:
a static comparison (c1) between the signs of respective instantaneous values of the first and second signal (Signal1), (Signal2), wherein the sign of the instantaneous value of the first signal (Signal1) is compared with the sign of the instantaneous value of the second signal (Signal2) in order to determine therefrom the longitudinal direction of travel of the vehicle, depending on whether said signs are identical or on the contrary different from each other, and
a dynamic comparison (c2) wherein the sign of the variation of the first signal (Signal1) over a predefined time period is compared with the sign of the variation of the second signal (Signal2) over the predefined time period in order to determine therefrom the longitudinal direction of travel of the vehicle, depending on whether said signs are identical or on the contrary different from each other,
a step of determining a confirmed longitudinal direction of travel based on the longitudinal direction of travel determined by the static comparison (c1) and the longitudinal direction of travel determined by the dynamic comparison (c2), and
a step of using, by an onboard computer in the vehicle, the determined confirmed longitudinal direction of travel of the vehicle to inhibit determination of an absolute angular position of a steering wheel of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,690

CONTROL SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A control system for controlling a host vehicle,the host vehicle comprising:
a driver monitor camera configured to capture a face of a driver of the host vehicle; and
an information providing system configured to provide information to the driver of the host vehicle, wherein
the control system comprises a driver condition monitoring part configured to monitor a condition of the driver based on a captured image of the driver monitor camera, and
the driver condition monitoring part is configured
to judge if the face of the driver fits in an angle of view of the driver monitor camera based on the captured image of the driver monitor camera and
to provide the driver through the information providing system with movement information relating to movement necessary for fitting the face of the driver in the angle of view when judging that the face of the driver does not fit in the angle of view of the driver monitor camera.

US Pat. No. 10,427,689

VEHICLE CONTROL APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A vehicle control device mounted to an own vehicle to control the own vehicle according to a position of an other vehicle ahead of the own vehicle, the vehicle control device comprising:at least one electronic control unit including a processor and memory, the electronic control unit configured to:
acquire a first position based on a reflected wave, that is reflected from the other vehicle and received by a radar sensor, the first position comprising a position of the other vehicle relative to the own vehicle;
acquire a second position based on an image of the other vehicle that is captured by an imaging sensor, the second position comprising a position of the other vehicle relative to the own vehicle;
set, in the memory, a determination region correlated with a first parameter, the first parameter indicating a position of the other vehicle relative to the own vehicle in a lateral direction perpendicular to a path of the own vehicle, the determination region indicating whether the other vehicle is in the path of the own vehicle;
acquire, from the memory, the first parameter according to a fusion position in response to a deviation between the first position and the second position being smaller than a predetermined value, wherein the fusion position is a position calculated based on the first position and the second position;
acquire, from the memory, the first parameter according to the first position in response to the deviation being equal to or greater than the predetermined value;
calculate a second parameter based on the fusion position and the determination region in response to the deviation being smaller than the predetermined value; and
calculate a third parameter based on the first position and the determination region in response to the deviation being equal to or greater than the predetermined value,
wherein in response to the deviation transitioning from a state of being smaller than the predetermined value in a previous control cycle to a state of being equal to or greater than the predetermined value, the electronic control unit acquires the first parameter according to the first position such that the second parameter acquired in the previous control cycle based on the fusion position gradually changes to the third parameter based on the first position in a subsequent control cycle, and
wherein the electronic control unit controls at least one of an engine control unit and a brake control unit by outputting a control signal to keep a distance between the own vehicle and the other vehicle according to a determination of whether the other vehicle is in the path of the own vehicle that is based on the determination region and the first parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,427,688

VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM

Mazda Motor Corporation, ...

1. A control system of a vehicle, comprising:an automatic transmission having a frictional engageable element configured to be engaged when starting the vehicle to travel;
a brake controller that is operated by a vehicle driver to apply a braking force to vehicle wheels; and
a processor configured to execute:
a neutral idle controlling module to execute, when a given neutral idle condition is satisfied in a vehicle stopped state where a gear range of the automatic transmission is a traveling range, a neutral idle control in which the frictional engageable element is disengaged to bring the automatic transmission into a neutral state, and to release the neutral idle control when a vehicle start request is issued;
a hydraulic pressure calculating module to calculate, while the neutral idle control is executed or when the neutral idle control is to be released, a target value of hydraulic pressure supplied to an engaging hydraulic pressure chamber of the frictional engageable element according to a value of a given parameter;
a hydraulic pressure controlling module to control the hydraulic pressure supplied to the engaging hydraulic pressure chamber according to the target value calculated by the hydraulic pressure calculating module; and
a brake hold controlling module to execute, when a given brake hold condition is satisfied in the vehicle stopped state, a brake hold control in which the braking force to the vehicle wheels is held regardless of the brake controller not being operated, and to release the brake hold control when the vehicle start request is issued,
wherein the hydraulic pressure calculating module includes:
a first calculating submodule executed to calculate the target value according to a first calculation, in a period from the issuance of the vehicle start request when the neutral idle control is executed and the brake hold control is not executed in the vehicle stopped state until the frictional engageable element is engaged; and
a second calculating submodule executed to calculate the target value according to a second calculation configured so that a calculated value is lower than in the first calculation when the value of the given parameter is the same, in a period from the issuance of the vehicle start request when the neutral idle control and the brake hold control are executed in the vehicle stopped state until the frictional engageable element is engaged.

US Pat. No. 10,427,687

SPEED RATIO BASED GOVERNOR SELECTION

5. A system for improving a perceived ease of operation in a work vehicle with an internal combustion engine, comprising:a torque converter coupled at one end to the internal combustion engine and at an opposite end to a transmission via at least a transmission input shaft;
an all speed governor configured to adjust an internal combustion engine speed when the all speed governor is in an enabled state;
a torque governor configured to adjust an internal combustion engine torque when the torque governor is in the enabled state; and
a vehicle control unit communicatively coupled to the transmission input shaft and the internal combustion engine wherein the vehicle control unit receives a first speed signal representative of a transmission input shaft speed and a second speed signal representative of the internal combustion engine speed, and commands an engine control unit to enable the torque governor when a ratio of the first speed signal to the second speed signal exceeds a first predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,427,686

VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM, VEHICLE CONTROL METHOD, AND VEHICLE CONTROL PROGRAM

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A vehicle control system comprising:an automated driving controller configured to
automatically control at least one out of acceleration, deceleration, and steering of a vehicle,
perform automated driving control in one mode of a plurality of predetermined different modes which require different levels of automated driving, which comprise a first mode and a second mode, the first mode requiring a lower degree of a responsibility for a driver to monitor surroundings of the vehicle and allowing a higher permission level of a non-driving operation as compared with the second mode, and
transition the first mode to the second mode among the plurality of predetermined different modes in accordance with a travel environment of the vehicle; and
an informing section configured to predict a timing at which the mode of the automated driving will transition from the first mode to the second mode and to inform a driver in the vehicle of a predicted period of continuation time of the second mode when the second mode is started, based on the predicted timing of transitioning from the first mode to the second mode,
wherein the informing section comprises a predicted period of continuation time calculation section that calculates the predicted period of continuation time based on a current position of the vehicle and traffic information related to a route to a destination the vehicle is travelling to,
wherein the informing section informs the driver of the predicted period of continuation time calculated by the predicted continuation time calculation section, and
wherein the predicted continuation time calculation section
calculates a distance on a route of travel by the vehicle based on the current position of the vehicle and a position at which the congestion is predicted to end obtained from the traffic information, and calculates a first period of time based on the calculated distance and the vehicle speed of the vehicle,
calculates a second period of time for the vehicle to reach a predetermined speed by acceleration of the vehicle at a predetermined acceleration from the position at which the congestion is predicted to end, and
calculates the predicted period of continuation time based on the calculated first period of time and the calculated second period of time.

US Pat. No. 10,427,685

VEHICLE CAPABLE OF REGENERATIVE BRAKING, AND CONTROL METHOD OF A VEHICLE CAPABLE OF REGENERATIVE BRAKING

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A vehicle capable of regenerative braking, comprising:a motor that is configured to be driven with electric power;
a mode selector switch that is configured to be switched by a driver of the vehicle to selectively set a drive mode of the vehicle in an accelerator-off state between an ordinary mode that decelerates the vehicle and a deceleration enhanced mode that decelerates the vehicle with higher deceleration force than deceleration force in the ordinary mode; and
a controller that is configured to perform regenerative control of the motor so as to decelerate the vehicle with a first deceleration force when the ordinary mode is set by the mode selector switch, or perform regenerative control of the motor so as to decelerate the vehicle with a second deceleration force that is greater than the first deceleration force when the deceleration enhanced mode is set by the mode selector switch, in order to decelerate the vehicle in the drive mode, wherein
when an accelerator stroke based on a driver's depression of an accelerator becomes higher than a cancellation threshold in the event that the drive mode is set to the deceleration enhanced mode by manually setting the mode selector switch, the cancellation threshold being a predetermined value of the accelerator stroke greater than zero, the controller changes the drive mode that is set to the deceleration enhanced mode by manually setting the mode selector switch from the deceleration enhanced mode to the ordinary mode.

US Pat. No. 10,427,684

MODIFYING A VEHICLE STATE BASED ON THE PRESENCE OF A SPECIAL-PURPOSE VEHICLE

Waymo LLC, Mountain View...

13. A system comprising:one or more processors onboard a first vehicle, the one or more processors being configured to:
receive sensor data from a sensor of a first vehicle, wherein the sensor of the first vehicle initiates detection of information regarding a second vehicle;
determine, based on the received sensor data, whether the second vehicle that shares a road with the first vehicle is a special purpose vehicle;
determine, based on the received sensor data, a position of the second vehicle relative to the first vehicle;
when the second vehicle is determined to be a special purpose vehicle, determine an action to be performed by the first vehicle; and
communicate with one or more vehicle systems of the first vehicle, the communicating causing the first vehicle to perform the determined action using the one or more vehicle systems.

US Pat. No. 10,427,683

VEHICLE DISPLAY DEVICE AND VEHICLE DISPLAY METHOD FOR DISPLAYING IMAGES

JVC KENWOOD Corporation, ...

1. A vehicle display device comprising:an image acquisition unit that acquires an image around a vehicle;
a distance acquisition unit that acquires a first distance between a first object included in the acquired image and the vehicle;
an image processing unit that processes the acquired image such that a distance to a second object located beneath the first object included in the acquired image is reflected, in accordance with the first distance acquired in the distance acquisition unit, by deleting the second object in the acquired image when the second object is positioned such that the second object is hidden from view by the first object in a view of the vehicle from above and is not hidden from view by the first object in the acquired image;
a viewpoint transformation processing unit that subjects the acquired image thus processed to viewpoint transformation to produce a bird's-eye image as viewed from above the vehicle; and
a display control unit that causes a display unit to display the bird's-eye image.

US Pat. No. 10,427,682

ADAPTIVE METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A VEHICLE SPEED AND ADAPTIVE DEVICE FOR USING THE SAME

1. An adaptive method for controlling a vehicle speed, which controls a vehicle speed of a host vehicle that is driving, a front vehicle drives in front of the host vehicle, there is a vehicle distance between the host vehicle and the front vehicle, the adaptive method comprising:(a) setting an upper-limited acceleration as well as a lower-limited acceleration in which the upper limited acceleration is larger than the lower limited acceleration, and setting the vehicle speeds corresponding to the upper-limited acceleration as well as the lower-limited acceleration and the vehicle distances corresponded thereof;
(b) continuously retrieving a plurality of first accelerations of the host vehicle within a first period and retrieving the vehicle speeds corresponding to the plurality of first accelerations and the vehicle distances corresponded thereof;
(c) determining whether the plurality of first accelerations are zero within the first period:
if no, dividing the plurality of first accelerations into a first high part, a first middle part, and a first low part in which the first acceleration of the first middle part is less than the first acceleration of the first high part and larger than the first acceleration of the first low part; and
if yes, ending;
(d) determining whether highest the first acceleration of the first middle part is larger than the upper-limited acceleration and determining whether lowest the first acceleration of the first middle part is less than the low-limited acceleration:
when the highest the first acceleration of the first middle part is not larger than the upper-limited acceleration and the lowest the first acceleration of the first middle part is not less than the low-limited acceleration, replacing the highest the first acceleration with the upper-limited acceleration, replacing the lowest the first acceleration with the low-limited acceleration, and executing operation (e);
when the highest the first acceleration of the first middle part is larger than the upper-limited acceleration and the lowest the first acceleration of the first middle part is not less than the low-limited acceleration, replacing the lowest the first acceleration with the low-limited acceleration and executing operation (e);
when the highest the first acceleration of the first middle part is not larger than the upper-limited acceleration and the lowest the first acceleration of the first middle part is less than the low-limited acceleration, replacing the highest the first acceleration with the upper-limited acceleration and executing operation (e); and
when the highest the first acceleration of the first middle part is larger than the upper-limited acceleration and the lowest the first acceleration of the first middle part is less than the low-limited acceleration, executing operation (e); and
(e) controlling the vehicle speed of the host vehicle according to all the accelerations of the first middle part, their corresponding the vehicle speeds and the vehicle distances corresponded thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,427,681

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO CONTROL VEHICLE DECELERATION DURING ADAPTIVE CRUISE CONTROL

Bendix Commercial Vehicle...

1. A controller for a host vehicle having adaptive cruise control comprising:an input for receiving a signal indicative of a detected target object;
a communications port for transmitting and receiving messages; and
control logic adapted to:
determine an actual time gap behind the detected target object;
transmit a deceleration message having a deceleration value at the communications port in response to the actual time gap being less than a predetermined minimum time gap;
receive a torque message from a vehicle retarder indicating that the vehicle retarder actual torque value is less than a requested torque value;
determine the actual time gap is less than the predetermined minimum time gap;
receive an engine speed value at the communications port;
transmit a transmission control message requesting the transmission to shift to a lower gear in response to the engine speed being less than or equal to a minimum engine speed value; and
transmit another deceleration message in response to the actual time gap being less than the predetermined minimum time gap, wherein at least one of an associated transmission and an associated braking system respond to decelerate the host vehicle in response to the transmission control message and the deceleration messages.

US Pat. No. 10,427,678

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LOW SPEED LATERAL CONTROL OF A VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for providing low speed lateral steering control for an autonomously driven or semi-autonomously driven vehicle, the method comprising:receiving, from at least one vehicle sensor, sensor data corresponding to a road wheel angle;
determining, by one or more data processors, a plurality of waypoints indicating a planned vehicle path of travel;
defining, by the one or more data processors, a road wheel angle search range based at least in part on a maximum road wheel angle rate;
determining, by the one or more data processors, a steering control goal using the road wheel angle that tracks and measures a difference between a current vehicle path and the planned vehicle path and defining a relationship between a steering command and a cost function, the cost function including a cost associated with a radial error and a cost associated with a heading error;
determining, by the one or more data processors, an optimal steering control signal using the road wheel angle and the steering control goal; and
providing the control signal to a steering controller.

US Pat. No. 10,427,677

OBJECT TRACKING PRIOR TO AND DURING A COLLISION

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method comprising: detecting an object in an environment of a motor vehicle;in a first phase:
a processor tracking the object relative to the motor vehicle based on sensor data obtained from at least one sensor and using a first movement model of the motor vehicle; and
the processor controlling movements of the motor vehicle based on the tracking of the first phase;
detecting a collision of the motor vehicle with an obstacle;
the processor determining from which direction the obstacle collides with the motor vehicle in the detected collision; and
in a second phase:
the processor tracking the object relative to the motor vehicle based on sensor data obtained from only that of the at least one sensor which faces away from the determined direction of the collision and using a second movement model of the motor vehicle; and
the processor controlling the movements of the motor vehicle based on the tracking of the second phase.

US Pat. No. 10,427,676

TRAJECTORY PLANNER FOR AUTONOMOUS DRIVING USING BéZIER CURVES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A processor-implemented method for automated driving of a vehicle, comprising:receiving, by one or more data processors, vehicle state data, map data, and vehicle object environment data;
generating, by the one or more data processors, a first trajectory path using trajectory waypoints determined via a graph-based approach that is optimal with respect to the vehicle state data, the map data, and the vehicle object environment data;
generating, by the one or more data processors, an updated trajectory path based on the vehicle state data and the vehicle object environment data, including performing a trajectory assessment using properties of Bézier curves such that the updated trajectory path matches a current vehicle state;
determining, by the one or more data processors, whether the updated trajectory path satisfies an environmental constraint
in response to the updated trajectory path not satisfying the environmental constraint, updating a speed profile of the updated trajectory path using properties of Bézier curves;
determining, by the one or more data processors, whether the updated trajectory path with the updated speed profile satisfies the environmental constraint;
in response to the updated trajectory path with the updated speed profile not satisfying the environmental constraint, updating a spatial component of the updated trajectory path using properties of Bézier curves;
determining, by the one or more data processors, whether the updated trajectory path with the updated speed profile and the updated spatial component satisfies the environmental constraint;
in response to the updated trajectory path with the updated speed profile and the updated spatial component not satisfying the environmental constraint, generating a second trajectory path using trajectory waypoints determined via a graph-based approach; and
in response to the updated trajectory path with the updated speed profile and the updated spatial component satisfying the environmental constraint, providing the updated trajectory path to a controller of the vehicle for implementing a driving scenario plan.