US Pat. No. 10,795,321

WRIST WATCH WITH HEARING FUNCTION

Finewell Co., Ltd., Osak...

1. A wrist watch with a hearing function, comprising:a display of which an up-down orientation, as observed when the display is viewed, is reversible;
vibration conducting parts for cartilage conduction;
a wrist watch body, wherein the wrist watch body includes the display and has a button, the button being located outside the wrist watch body, away from the display; and
a determiner,
wherein
the wrist watch is operable such that when the wrist watch is worn, one of the vibration conducting parts is located near a radius distal end and another of the vibration conducting parts is located near an ulna distal end,
in coordination with reversing of the up-down orientation of the display, the one of the vibration conducting parts is vibrated and the other of the vibration conducting parts is stopped,
the determiner is operable to determine whether the wrist watch is in a first worn state, in a second worn state, in a third worn state, or in a fourth worn state, wherein:
in the first worn state, the wrist watch is worn on a left arm with the button pointing to a back of a left hand,
in the second worn state, the wrist watch is worn on a right arm with the button pointing to a back of a right hand,
in the third worn state, the wrist watch is worn on the left arm with the button pointing to a left elbow,
in the fourth worn state, the wrist watch is worn on the right arm with the button pointing to a right elbow, and
the determiner is operable to determine a direction in which the up-down orientation of the display is in an upright state based on whether the wrist watch is in the first worn state, in the second worn state, in the third worn state, or in the fourth worn state.

US Pat. No. 10,795,320

WEARABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING METAL STRAP

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A wearable electronic device comprising: a metal housing configured to be used as an antenna radiator and being electrically connected to a communication circuit inside the metal housing, and comprising at least one strap joining portion; at least one metal strap comprising a coupling member joined to the at least one strap joining portion; a non-conductive member comprising a non-conductive material disposed on a contact surface of the coupling member which is in contact with the at least one strap joining portion; a conductive protrusion disposed to be exposed through the non-conductive member and extending from the coupling member; a port insulated from the metal housing and exposed to a position of the metal housing corresponding to the conductive protrusion of the coupling member; and an electrical connecting member configured to electrically connect the port and a ground of a substrate disposed inside the metal housing, wherein the metal strap is electrically insulated from the metal housing by the non-conductive member and is grounded to the substrate through the conductive protrusion and the port.

US Pat. No. 10,795,319

DEVICE, ELECTRONIC TIMEPIECE, AND STORAGE DEVICE

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. A device comprising:one or more processors configured to:
acquire time information by performing one or more of:
a first acquisition operation to control a communicator to communicate with an external device to receive signals including the time information; and
a second acquisition operation to control one or more radio wave receivers, different from the communicator, to receive transmission radio waves with signals including the time information,
wherein an amount of power consumption required to acquire the time information by performing the first acquisition operation is lower than an amount of power consumption required to acquire the time information by performing the second acquisition operation, and
wherein performance of the first acquisition operation is prioritized over performance of the second acquisition operation such that the time information is acquired at least at a predetermined lower limit frequency; and
perform a correction operation of correcting a current time counted by a clock circuit based on the time information acquired.

US Pat. No. 10,795,318

ANALOG DISPLAY DEVICE, ELECTRONIC TIMEPIECE, DISPLAY OPERATION CONTROL METHOD AND STORAGE MEDIUM

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. An analog display device, comprising:a display which includes a movable display;
a processor which controls a movement operation of the movable display; and
an operation member which receives an input operation by a user, wherein
the display changes a display content by the movable display performing the movement operation,
the processor causes the movable display to begin to move, to perform a fast-forward movement operation and display a plurality of display contents by the display in order in accordance with a first input operation which is received by the operation member,
the processor stops the fast-forward movement operation in accordance with a second input operation which is received by the operation member, and
while further input operation by the operation member is not performed after the first input operation is received and before the second input operation is received, the processor changes a fast-forward movement speed of the movable display in at least a part of switching between display contents which are adjacent to each other in an order of display to a high movement speed which is larger than an average movement speed of the movable display during a round of display of the plurality of display contents by the fast-forward movement operation.

US Pat. No. 10,795,317

SPIRAL TIMEPIECE SPRING

Nivarox-FAR S.A., Le Loc...

1. A spiral spring with a two-phase structure, wherein the material of said spiral spring is a binary alloy comprising niobium and titanium, and which comprises:niobium: the remainder to 100%;
a proportion by mass of titanium greater than or equal to 45.0 of the total and less than or equal to 48.0% of the total;
traces of other components among O, H, C, Fe, Ta, N, Ni, Si, Cu, Al, each of said trace components being comprised between 0 and 1600 ppm of the total by mass, and the sum of said traces being less than or equal to 0.3% by mass.

US Pat. No. 10,795,316

WIDE FIELD OF VIEW HYBRID HOLOGRAPHIC DISPLAY

Real View Imaging Ltd., ...

1. A method for displaying a wide Field of View (FoV) scene including an interference based holographic image within the scene, comprising:setting pixel values in a Spatial Light Modulator (SLM) for producing a Computer Generated Hologram (CGH);
illuminating the SLM with coherent light, thereby producing a first interference based holographic image;
setting pixel values in a first additional SLM for producing a first additional image;
illuminating the first additional SLM, thereby producing a first additional image; and
allowing a real view of the real world to be viewable through and around the first holographic image and the first additional image,
wherein
the first holographic image is projected toward a viewer's fovea;
the first additional image is displayed to a viewer's retina, outside the viewer's fovea, as part of the scene and adjacent to the first holographic image; and
the real view of the real world is also viewable as part of the scene.

US Pat. No. 10,795,315

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PIXEL SUPER-RESOLUTION OF MULTIPLEXED HOLOGRAPHIC COLOR IMAGES

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. A method of generating a color image of a sample comprising:obtaining a plurality of low resolution holographic images of the sample using a color image sensor, the sample illuminated simultaneously by light from three or more distinct colors, wherein the illuminated sample casts sample holograms on the color image sensor and wherein the plurality of low resolution holographic images are obtained by relative x, y, and z directional shifts between sample holograms and the color image sensor;
generating a pixel super-resolved hologram of the sample using the plurality of low resolution holographic images obtained by simultaneous illumination of the sample by light from three or more distinct colors;
generating de-multiplexed pixel super-resolved holograms at each of the three or more distinct colors using the pixel super-resolved hologram obtained from the simultaneous illumination of the sample by the light from three or more distinct colors;
retrieving phase information from the de-multiplexed holograms at each of the three or more distinct colors using a phase retrieval algorithm to obtain a complex hologram at each of the three or more distinct colors; and
digitally back-propagating and reconstructing the complex hologram for each of the three or more distinct colors to a sample plane to generate the color image of the sample by combining the reconstruction results of each of the three or more distinct colors.

US Pat. No. 10,795,314

FAR FIELD VIEWING DEVICES FOR MINIMAL SPURIOUS IMAGE NOISE

Holospex, Inc., Columbia...

1. A method for making a far field transmission hologram, the method comprising:generating a superset of different candidate hologram designs from an ideal image, the superset of different candidate hologram designs including a first number of different candidate hologram designs;
selecting a second number of hologram designs from the superset of different candidate hologram designs such that each of the selected second number of hologram designs has a hologram response with a maximum spurious noise term below a predetermined noise threshold for hologram responses, wherein the second number of hologram designs is less than the first number of different candidate hologram designs;
arranging the selected second number of hologram designs into a cluster of hologram designs repeated to form a larger digital hologram design, wherein the cluster of hologram designs is configured to have an overall hologram response resulting from linear averaging of the hologram responses of the selected second number of hologram designs by a human observer's eye or an image capture device; and
forming a physical hologram from the larger digital hologram design.

US Pat. No. 10,795,313

IMAGE FORMING DEVICE, IMAGE PRINTING METHOD, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM OF FOIL PRINTING

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. An image forming device that prints a first image using first toner and prints a second image using foil on a sheet of paper, the image forming device comprising:a former that forms a first toner image by the first toner of the first image on the paper and forms a second toner image by second toner different from the first toner of the second image on the paper;
a fixer that fixes the first toner image and the second toner image formed on the paper;
a melter that selectively melts the second toner out of the first toner and the second toner fixed to the paper while not melting the first toner; and
a foil printer that prints the second image by bonding the foil to the melted second toner.

US Pat. No. 10,795,312

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, DEVELOPING APPARATUS, AND COUPLING MEMBER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus cartridge comprising:a casing;
developer contained within the casing;
a developer roller having an axis L1, the developer roller being rotatably supported in the casing to permit rotation about the axis L1;
a developer supplying roller configured to remove developer from a surface of the developer roller and to supply developer to the surface of the developer roller;
a first gear operatively connected to the developer roller;
a second gear in meshing engagement with the first gear;
a third gear operatively connected to the developer supplying roller; and
a coupling member operatively connected to the second gear, the coupling member having an axis L2 about which the coupling member is rotatable and a free end portion for receiving a rotational force, the free end portion including at least two projections that are at least partly outside of the casing, each of the at least two projections being open to the axis L2, the coupling member being operatively connected to the developer roller via the first and second gears in order to transmit the rotational force to the developer roller, and the coupling member being operatively connected to the developer supplying roller via the third gear in order to transmit the rotational force to the developer supplying roller,
wherein the coupling member is movable between (i) a first position in which the axis L2 of the coupling member is substantially parallel to and offset from the axis L1 of the developer roller, (ii) a second position in which the axis L2 of the coupling member is inclined with respect to the position of the axis L2 when the coupling member is in the first position, and (iii) a third position in which the axis L2 of the coupling member is inclined with respect to the position of the axis L2 when the coupling member is in the first position in a direction opposite to the direction the coupling member is inclined when in the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,795,311

CARTRIDGE, PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER UNIT AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A cartridge detachably mountable to a main assembly of an electrophotographic image forming apparatus, the cartridge comprising:i) a rotatable member capable of carrying developer, the rotatable member being rotatable about a rotational axis thereof; and
ii) a coupling member provided at one end portion of the cartridge with respect to a rotational axis direction of the rotatable member, the coupling member being configured to transmit a rotational force to the rotatable member; and
iii) a rotational force transmission member for transmitting the rotational force from the coupling member toward the rotatable member, the rotational force transmission member including a hollow portion,
wherein the coupling member is movable between a first position in which a rotational axis of the coupling member is substantially parallel to the rotational axis of the rotatable member, and a second position in which the coupling member is displaced from the first position in a direction of the rotational axis of the rotatable member toward an other end portion of the cartridge,
wherein, in the second position, the rotational axis of the coupling member is substantially parallel to the rotational axis of the rotatable member and the coupling member is displaced, inside of the hollow portion as seen along the rotational axis of the coupling member, from the first position in a direction substantially perpendicular to the rotational axis of the rotatable member,
wherein the rotational force transmitting member is provided with a guide portion configured to guide the coupling member, and the coupling member is provided with a portion-to-be-guided configured to be guided by the rotational force transmission member,
wherein at least one of the guide portion and the portion-to-be-guided is an inclined portion inclined with respect to the rotational axis of the rotatable member and with respect to the direction perpendicular to the rotational axis of the rotatable member, and
wherein the guide portion guides the coupling member to move between the first position and the second position in a direction inclined with respect to the rotational axis of the rotatable member and inclined with respect to the direction perpendicular to the rotational axis of the rotatable member.

US Pat. No. 10,795,310

CARTRIDGE HAVING A REGULATING MEMBER THAT REGULATES MOVEMENT OF A DEVELOPING UNIT

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A cartridge comprising:a first frame;
a photosensitive member rotatably supported by the first frame;
a second frame movable with respect to the first frame between a first position and a second position;
a developer bearing member rotatably supported by the second frame, wherein the developer bearing member is capable of supplying the developer to the photosensitive member when the second frame is in the first position and the developer bearing member is farther from the photosensitive member than the first position when the second frame is in the second position;
a regulating member that is movable between a regulating position at which the regulating member contacts the first frame and the second frame to regulate movement of the second frame from the first position to the second position and a non-regulating position at which movement of the second frame is not regulated; and
an urging member that urges the regulating member to move the regulating member from the non-regulating position to the regulating position.

US Pat. No. 10,795,309

PROCESS CARTRIDGE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A process cartridge comprising:(i) a photosensitive drum;
(ii) a developing roller configured and positioned to develop an electrostatic latent image formed on the photosensitive drum, the developing roller being movable between a contact position in which the developing roller contacts the photosensitive drum, and a spaced position in which the developing roller is spaced from the photosensitive drum;
(iii) a coupling member operatively connected to the developing roller, the coupling member including:
(iii-i) a driving force receiving portion configured and positioned (a) to receive a driving force for rotating the developing roller, and (b) to be movable in a crossing direction crossing an axis of the driving force receiving portion; and
(iii-ii) a driving force transmitting portion configured and positioned to transmit the driving force from the driving force receiving portion toward the developing roller, wherein the driving force receiving portion is movable relative to the driving force transmitting portion; and
(iv) an urging portion configured and positioned to urge the driving force receiving portion in the crossing direction such that the axis of the driving force receiving portion is offset from an axis of the driving force transmitting portion when the developing roller is in the spaced position.

US Pat. No. 10,795,308

ELECTRICAL CABLE CONNECTING APPARATUS, METHOD FOR CONNECTING ELECTRICAL CABLE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising a first apparatus and a second apparatus, in which a cable-side connector of an electrical cable extending from the second apparatus is connected to a first-apparatus-side connector provided in the first apparatus, the cable-side connector being provided on a side of the first apparatus,the image forming apparatus further comprising:
an opening portion provided in the first apparatus and through which the cable-side connector is connectable to the first-apparatus-side connector from an outside of the first apparatus;
a lid that covers the opening portion;
an attaching portion that is provided on the lid so as to attach the lid to the first apparatus;
an engaging portion that is provided on the lid so as to be disengageably engaged with the opening portion;
an outlet portion provided on the lid and through which the electrical cable extends to the outside of the first apparatus; and
an attachment member attached to the electrical cable, wherein
movement of the electrical cable is limited by the lid and the attachment member, and
the outlet portion is located closer to the attaching portion than to the engaging portion.

US Pat. No. 10,795,307

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING WITHDRAWING MECHANISM AND WITHDRAWAL HOLDING MECHANISM

Oki Data Corporation, To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an apparatus body including a housing that includes an internal space, a first opening and a second opening;
a first cover that is attached to the apparatus body, to open and close the first opening;
a second cover that is attached to the apparatus body, to open and close the second opening;
an image forming section that is provided inside the apparatus body and configured to form a latent image, and includes a first contact part;
a second contact part that is provided to the apparatus body, and is opposed to the first contact part;
a withdrawing mechanism that moves along with movement of the first cover, to bring the second contact part into contact with the first contact part and withdraw the second contact part to separate the second contact part away from the first contact part; and
a withdrawal holding mechanism that moves along with movement of the second cover, and holds the separation of the second contact part from the first contact part, wherein
the withdrawing mechanism separates the second contact part from the first contact part in a state where the first cover is opened, and
the withdrawal holding mechanism holds the separation of the second contact part from the first contact part in a state where the second cover is opened.

US Pat. No. 10,795,306

CLEANING MEMBER FOR IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING A PROTRUSION

Konica Minolta, Inc., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a cleaning member formed by an elastic body; and
a member to be cleaned in which toner added with an external additive adheres to a surface, and the toner is to be cleaned by the cleaning member being in contact with the surface, wherein
the cleaning member has a protrusion disposed on a cleaning surface extending from a contact part with the member to be cleaned, and facing a side where the toner is to be cleaned, of the member to be cleaned, wherein
the protrusion is formed at a position away by a predetermined distance from the contact part, on the cleaning surface and the predetermined distance is 20 ?m or more.

US Pat. No. 10,795,305

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image carrier;
a charging section that charges a surface of the image carrier;
an electrostatic charge image forming section that forms an electrostatic charge image on the charged surface of the image carrier;
a developing section that has a container containing an electrostatic charge image developer and develops the electrostatic charge image formed on the surface of the image carrier into a toner image using the electrostatic charge image developer, the electrostatic charge image developer including toner containing toner particles and an external additive;
a transfer section that transfers the toner image formed on the surface of the image carrier to a surface of a recording medium;
a cleaning section that has a cleaning blade with which the cleaning section cleans the surface of the image carrier; and
a lubricant supplying section that has a lubricant supplying member that supplies a lubricant to a contact portion between the cleaning blade and the image carrier,
the toner t satisfying the following relations:
(ln ?(T1)?ln ?(T2))/(T1?T2)??0.14;
(ln ?(T2)?ln ?(T3))/(T2?T3)??0.15; and
(ln ?(T1)?ln ?(T2))/(T1?T2)<(ln ?(T2)?ln ?(T3))/(T2?T3),where ?(T1) represents a viscosity of the toner at 60° C., ?(T2) represents a viscosity of the toner at 90° C., and ?(T3) represents a viscosity of the toner at 130° C.,wherein the toner has a highest-endothermic-peak temperature between 70° C. and 100° C.

US Pat. No. 10,795,304

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS IN WHICH PRINTING OPERATION AT END OF LIFE OF ATTACHED CONSUMABLE PRODUCT IS SETTABLE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus to which a unit including at least a cartridge configured to contain a recording material and a developing unit is attachable, the image forming apparatus comprising:a display device; and
one or more processors configured to execute:
displaying, on the display device, a first area that enables a user to select one of a plurality of options including at least a first option of not allowing the image forming apparatus to perform print processing using the recording material contained in the cartridge in which a remaining amount of the recording material contained is less than a first threshold and a second option of allowing the image forming apparatus to perform print processing using the recording material contained in the cartridge in which the remaining amount of the recording material contained is less than the first threshold without a user instruction and a third option of allowing the image forming apparatus to perform print processing using the recording material contained in the cartridge in which the remaining amount of the recording material contained is less than the first threshold based on a user instruction;
displaying, on the display device, a second area that enables a user to select whether to allow the image forming apparatus to perform print processing using the developing unit, in a case that a remaining lifetime of the developing unit comes to a second threshold,
wherein the cartridge and the developing unit are put together into the unit and detached from the image forming apparatus by detaching the unit from the image forming apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,795,303

METHOD OF ESTIMATING LIFETIME OF CONVEYANCE PART PROVIDED IN IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a first conveyance part configured to convey a sheet;
a detection unit configured to detect the sheet conveyed by the first conveyance part;
a second conveyance part provided downstream of the detection unit in a conveyance direction of the sheet, and configured to convey the sheet;
a measurement unit configured to measure a conveyance time of the sheet from when conveyance of the sheet by the first conveyance part is started until the sheet is detected by the detection unit; and
an estimation unit configured to estimate a remaining lifetime of the second conveyance part based on the conveyance time measured by the measurement unit,
wherein the estimation unit includes:
a conversion unit configured to convert the conveyance time to a correction coefficient;
a correction unit configured to correct an amount of abrasion of the second conveyance part using the correction coefficient; and
a calculation unit configured to calculate a remaining lifetime of the second conveyance part based on the amount of abrasion of the second conveyance part corrected by the correction unit.

US Pat. No. 10,795,302

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus for forming an image on a sheet, the apparatus comprising:a developing section containing toner and configured to develop an electrostatic latent image with the toner;
storage that stores therein respective coverage rates of a plurality of images individually formed on a plurality of sheets in past;
a first calculation section configured to calculate a first coverage rate and a second coverage rate;
a comparing section configured to compare the first coverage rate with the second coverage rate;
an executing section configured to execute a running-in operation based on a result of comparison by the comparing section, wherein
the first coverage rate includes one or more coverage rates stored earlier in the storage than the second coverage rate among the coverage rates stored in the storage,
the second coverage rate includes a coverage rate of each of a specified number of latest images individually formed on the specified number of sheets among the coverage rates stored in the storage, and
the running-in operation is driving the developing section so that a charge amount of the toner in the developing section comes to be equal to a charge amount of toner for image formation at the first coverage rate on a sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,795,301

MONITOR AN IMAGE QUALITY BY COMPARING A TONER COVERAGE WITH TWO GRAPHIC PATTERNS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A method of determining an image quality of an image forming device, the method comprising:printing a first graphic pattern on N?1 first test pages;
printing a second graphic pattern on N second test pages, the second graphic pattern having a same colorant coverage as the first graphic pattern;
wherein the first graphic pattern has a different orientation and a different location on the first test page than the second graphic pattern on the second test page;
comparing colorant coverage between a total number of the first test pages and a total number of the second test pages;
determining if the colorant coverage is different on the total number of the first test pages from the colorant coverage and the total number of the second test pages; and
on condition that the colorant coverage is not the same on the total number of the first test pages and the total number of the second test pages, assigning the image forming device an abnormal operating status.

US Pat. No. 10,795,300

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a power supply board including a power supply circuit configured to generate a power supply voltage;
a driver board including:
a plurality of switching elements each configured to supply and shut off a power supply for each of a plurality of distributed power supply voltages supplied from the power supply board; and
a driver circuit configured to drive a plurality of loads for forming an image by the plurality of distributed power supply voltages; and
an engine control board configured to control an operation of the driver board,
wherein the plurality of switching elements include:
a first switching element, to which the power supply voltage is to be applied from the power supply board; and
a second switching element, to which the power supply voltage output from the first switching element is to be applied in a distributed manner, and
wherein the engine control board is configured to perform failure diagnosis of the first switching element when the image forming apparatus is activated, and perform failure diagnosis of the second switching element in a case where an abnormality has occurred in any one of the plurality of loads.

US Pat. No. 10,795,299

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS GENERATING IMAGE FORMING CONDITION BASED ON DETECTED IMAGES

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming unit configured to form an image on a sheet based on an image forming condition;
a conveying unit configured to convey the sheet;
a sensor configured to move in a direction orthogonal to a conveying direction in which the conveying unit conveys the sheet, and detect a detection image on the sheet;
a reference member provided at a position different from a passage area of the sheet in the direction orthogonal to the conveying direction; and
a controller configured to:
control the image forming unit to form first detection images outside of an image area on the sheet, wherein the image forming unit forms an output image on the image area;
control the image forming unit to form second detection images on the sheet without forming the output image;
perform a first mode in which the sensor detects the first detection images and the reference member;
perform a second mode in which the sensor detects the second detection images and the reference member;
calibrate the sensor based on a detection result of the reference member;
generate the image forming condition based on a detection result of the first detection images; and
generate the image forming condition based on a detection result of the second detection images,
wherein the number of times that the sensor detects the reference member in the first mode is greater than the number of times that the sensor detects the reference member in the second mode,
wherein the first detection images include at least twelve detection images arranged along the conveying direction, and
wherein the second detection images include at least twelve detection images arranged along the conveying direction.

US Pat. No. 10,795,298

FIXING MEMBER, FIXING DEVICE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A fixing member comprising:a base containing a polyimide resin;
an elastic layer disposed on the base and containing silicone rubber; and
a bonding layer that is disposed between the base and the elastic layer, is a cured product of a composition containing an organic titanate compound, and contains a component originating from the organic titanate compound in an amount of from 5% by mass to 95% by mass inclusive,
wherein, in the bonding layer, a content of the component originating from the organic titanate compound is higher on a side toward the base than on a side toward the elastic layer.

US Pat. No. 10,795,297

APPARATUS INCLUDING BELT AND SLIDING SHEET

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An apparatus comprising:a rotatable member;
a belt comprising:
an inner peripheral surface; and
an outer peripheral surface facing the rotatable member;
a pressure member configured to, with the rotatable member, sandwich the belt to form a nip portion; and
a sliding member comprising a front surface facing the inner peripheral surface of the belt and a back surface facing the pressure member, the front surface comprising, at a position corresponding to the nip portion, a portion sandwiched between the inner peripheral surface of the belt and the pressure member,
wherein the portion of the front surface comprises a plurality of dimples, and ridges defined between adjacent dimples, the ridges being in contact with a portion of the inner peripheral surface at the position corresponding to the nip portion, and
wherein a total area of the ridges is equal to or less than 50% of a total area of the portion of the front surface.

US Pat. No. 10,795,296

FUSER INCLUDING ENDLESS BELT AND SLIDING SHEET

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A fuser comprising:a rotatable member;
a belt comprising:
an inner peripheral surface applied with lubricant, and
an outer peripheral surface facing the rotatable member;
a heater configured to heat the rotatable member;
a pressure member configured to, with the rotatable member, sandwich the outer peripheral surface of the belt to form a nip portion; and
a sliding member, a portion of the sliding member configured to be sandwiched between the inner peripheral surface of the belt and the pressure member at a position corresponding to the nip portion, the sliding member comprising a front surface facing the inner peripheral surface of the belt and a back surface facing the pressure member,
wherein the front surface comprises a plurality of first dimples arranged in a first zone of the sliding member corresponding to the nip portion, to which a pressure is to be applied, and a plurality of second dimples arranged in a second zone of the sliding member corresponding to a portion outside of the nip portion in which the pressure member is not in contact with the sliding member,
wherein the first dimples comprise a first upstream dimple and a first downstream dimple, positioned downstream from the first upstream dimple in a moving direction of the belt at the nip portion, wherein a first ridge portion is formed between the first upstream dimple and the first downstream dimple,
wherein the second dimples comprise a second upstream dimple and a second downstream dimple positioned downstream from the second upstream dimple in the moving direction, wherein a second ridge portion is formed between the second upstream dimple and the second downstream dimple,
wherein an angle formed between a bottom of the first upstream dimple and the first ridge portion is greater than an angle formed between a bottom of the second upstream dimple and the second ridge portion,
wherein an angle formed between a bottom of the first downstream dimple and the first ridge portion is equal to the angle formed between the bottom of the second upstream dimple and the second ridge portion, and
wherein an angle formed between a bottom of the second downstream dimple and the second ridge portion is equal to the angle formed between the bottom of the first upstream dimple and the first ridge portion.

US Pat. No. 10,795,295

HEATER, FIXING DEVICE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A heater over which an endless belt rotatable in a rotation direction is slidable, the heater comprising:a base that is elongate and platy;
at least one resistive heat generator mounted on a face of the base;
at least one electrode configured to supply power to the at least one resistive heat generator;
a conductor configured to couple the at least one electrode with the at least one resistive heat generator; and
a slide layer configured to cover the at least one resistive heat generator and the conductor,
the slide layer including a projecting portion configured to define a surface of the slide layer, the projecting portion defined by a film thickness of at least one of the conductor and the at least one resistive heat generator,
the projecting portion including:
an upstream projection disposed opposite a lateral end of the base in a longitudinal direction of the base; and
a downstream projection disposed downstream from the upstream projection in the rotation direction of the endless belt.

US Pat. No. 10,795,294

FIXING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A fixing apparatus comprising:an endless belt;
a heating member configured to heat the belt;
a temperature detecting member comprising a detection unit being in contact with the heating member and configured to detect temperature of the heating member, and a signal line connected to the detection unit;
a holding member provided on a side opposite to the heating member across the temperature detecting member and configured to hold the temperature detecting member; and
an urging member provided between the holding member and the temperature detecting member and configured to urge the temperature detecting member toward the heating member,
wherein the holding member comprises a through hole for leading out the signal line and a contact portion being in contact with the signal line at a position located, in a width direction of the belt, between the through hole and the temperature detecting member and located, in an urging direction of the urging member, at a same position with a connecting portion between the signal line and the temperature detecting member or at a position closer to the heating member than the connecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,795,293

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING SAME

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A fixing device comprising:a fixing rotator;
a heat source configured to heat the fixing rotator;
a pressing member configured to form a nip with the fixing rotator; and
a nip formation member, disposed inside a loop of the fixing rotator and opposed to the pressing member, to form the nip between the fixing rotator and the pressing member;
a reflector configured to reflect heat from the heat source; and
a support, in a U-shape, configured to secure the reflector,
an arm of the U-shape of the support being in contact with the reflector at one end portion in a longitudinal direction of the support.

US Pat. No. 10,795,292

SLIDING MEMBER, FIXING DEVICE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A sliding member comprising:a resin; and
a fibrous filler,
wherein a dynamic friction coefficient ?A of a surface of the sliding member in an in-plane direction A of the surface is 0.08 or more lower than a dynamic friction coefficient ?B of the surface in an in-plane direction B angled at 90 degrees with respect to the in-plane direction A.

US Pat. No. 10,795,291

FIXATION APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS PROVIDING IMPROVED GLOSSINESS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A fixation apparatus for fixing a toner image formed on a recording medium, the fixation apparatus comprising:a rotatable endless fixation belt;
a nip forming member arranged on an inner circumferential side of the fixation belt;
an opposing rotating body opposed to the nip forming member and an outer circumferential surface of the fixation belt to form a fixation nip portion; and
a heating portion which supplies heat to the toner image,
the nip forming member including a curved nip upstream portion, the curved nip upstream portion having a nip most upstream portion corresponding to an entrance to the fixation nip portion, and the curved nip upstream portion being positioned at a most upstream portion of the fixation nip portion in a direction of transportation of the recording medium,
the curved nip upstream portion being arced outward and pressing into the opposing rotating body,
the curved nip upstream portion being shaped to produce a speed difference between a side of the toner image where the toner image and the fixation belt are in contact with each other in a thickness direction of the recording medium and a side of the toner image where the toner image and the recording medium are in contact with each other in the thickness direction,
the nip forming member further includes a planar nip downstream portion which is adjacent to and downstream from the curved nip upstream portion in the direction of transportation, and
relation of x/2?2?×t×?/360 is satisfied, where ? [°] represents an angle formed between a line segment which connects a boundary between the curved nip upstream portion and the planar nip downstream portion to a center of curvature of the curved nip upstream portion and a line segment which connects the nip most upstream portion to the center of curvature in a cross-section orthogonal to a width direction of the fixation belt, t [?m] represents a thickness of the toner image, and x [?m] represents an average particle size of toner which forms the toner image.

US Pat. No. 10,795,290

FIXATION APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A fixation apparatus for fixing a toner image formed on a recording medium, the fixation apparatus comprising:a rotatably constructed endless fixation belt;
a pad portion arranged on an inner circumferential side of the fixation belt;
an opposing rotating body opposed to the pad portion and an outer circumferential surface of the fixation belt to form a fixation nip portion;
a heat source which supplies heat to the toner image;
a tensioning portion which supports the fixation belt under tension;
a support portion arranged downstream from the fixation nip portion in a direction of rotation of the fixation belt, the support portion supporting the fixation belt from the inner circumferential side of the fixation belt; and
an opposing portion arranged as being opposed to the outer circumferential surface of the fixation belt with a space being interposed,
the support portion including a contact area where the support portion and an inner circumferential surface of the fixation belt are in contact with each other,
the opposing portion being arranged as being opposed to the contact area,
the pad portion and the support portion being separately in contact with the fixation belt, and
the opposing portion including a pair of abutting portions at opposing ends in a width direction, and the opposing portion being attached to the support portion at the abutting portions so that a gap is formed between the opposing portion and the support portion.

US Pat. No. 10,795,289

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING THE SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A fixing device comprising:a stationary member;
a fixing roller including a heater configured to heat the fixing roller;
an endless belt stretched over the stationary member and the fixing roller;
a pressure rotator disposed opposite the stationary member via the endless belt to form a fixing nip between the pressure rotator and the endless belt on the stationary member; and
a lubricant applicator comprising:
a switching rotation shaft; and
a felt assembly coupled to the switching rotation shaft and including a plurality of discrete heat resistant felts disposed at intervals in a circumferential direction of the felt assembly and configured to uniformly apply a lubricant to the fixing roller,
wherein each of the discrete heat resistant felts is configured, based on a stepwise locked rotation of the felt assembly, to contact the fixing roller over an entire length of the fixing roller in an axial direction of the fixing roller, the fixing roller contacting an inner surface of the endless belt and having an axial length equal to or greater than an axial length of the stationary member,
wherein the switching rotation shaft is stepwise lock rotatable in a predetermined arc range to replace one of the discrete heat resistant felts with another of the discrete heat resistant felts.

US Pat. No. 10,795,288

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH CONTROLLER CONTROLLING FIXING AND TRANSFER MEMBERS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image holding body that holds an image formed of toner;
a transfer member that is brought into contact with a continuous medium so as to transfer the image held by the image holding body to the continuous medium and that is able to be brought into contact with and separated from the image holding body;
a controller that causes the transfer member to be separated from the image holding body, and after that, causes the image holding body to move so as to detect an inspection image formed on the image holding body, thereby adjusting, as image quality adjustment, a deviation of a position of the image or a deviation of density of the image to be formed; and
a fixing device configured to fix an image that has been transferred to the medium onto the medium, wherein the fixing device incudes a heating member and a pressure member, wherein the controller controls in such a manner that the transfer member and the image holding body are moved to corresponding contact positions or corresponding retract positions, wherein the controller unit controls in such a manner that the heating member and the pressure member are moved to corresponding contact positions or corresponding retract positions,
wherein the heating member and the pressure member are contacted or separated in accordance with the contacting or separating of the transfer member and the image holding body even if a controller does not carry out the image quality adjustment operation, and
wherein the controller is configured to control such that the inspection image is transferred by the transfer member to regions outside regions of normal images in a width direction, and in regions between the regions of normal images, in the case where the image holding body and the transfer member are in the contact position.

US Pat. No. 10,795,287

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING A REMOVABLE INTERMEDIATE TRANSFER UNIT WITH A GUIDE PORTION THAT DOES NOT PROTRUDE OUTWARD FROM THE INTERMEDIATE TRANSFER UNIT IN A DIRECTION ORTHOGONAL TO A REMOVAL DIRECTION

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an apparatus main body; and
an intermediate transfer unit including an intermediate transfer belt, the intermediate transfer unit being provided as being attachable to and removable from the apparatus main body by sliding movement in a first direction,
the apparatus main body including a main body-side guide portion configured to guide the intermediate transfer unit along the first direction in attachment and removal of the intermediate transfer unit to and from the apparatus main body,
the intermediate transfer unit including
a side frame including a frame portion extending like a frame with the first direction being defined as a longitudinal direction, the side frame being provided adjacently to the intermediate transfer belt in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction, and
a unit-side guide portion to be engaged with the main body-side guide portion, the unit-side guide portion being provided not to protrude outward relative to the frame portion in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,795,286

DEVELOPER CONTAINER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A developer container comprising:a container body including
a cylindrical accommodating space that accommodates a developer, and
a discharge port through which the developer is discharged;
a transport unit configured to transport the developer accommodated in the accommodating space of the container body toward the discharge port by a transport blade that is provided on a rotating shaft existing along a longitudinal direction in the accommodating space, the transport blade being configured to move so as to pass closely to an inner wall of the accommodating space;
a support unit that rotatably supports the rotating shaft of the transport unit, the support unit including a connecting component configured to connect to an external element to receive external rotational power; and
a protrusion protruding inward from the inner wall of the accommodating space of the container body, wherein
the transport unit is configured such that when the transport unit reversely rotates in an opposite direction to a rotational direction in transporting the developer, the transport blade passes in contact with the protrusion and vibrates so as to touch the inner wall of the accommodating space.

US Pat. No. 10,795,285

TONER CARTRIDGE HAVING SHUTTER OPENED AND CLOSED IN ACCORDANCE WITH PIVOTING OF TONER CARTRIDGE CASING

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A toner cartridge comprising:a casing extending in a predetermined direction and storing toner therein, the casing having a first opening allowing the toner to flow out of the casing, the first opening being located at one end portion of the casing in the predetermined direction; and
a shutter located at the one end portion of the casing and having a second opening,
wherein when the toner cartridge is mounted on a developing unit, the casing is pivotable relative to the developing unit between a first position and a second position that are defined relative to the developing unit,
when the casing is at the first position, the shutter closes the first opening, and
when the casing is at the second position, at least a portion of the second opening overlaps at least a portion of the first opening.

US Pat. No. 10,795,284

DEVELOPER STORAGE CONTAINER

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A developer storage container comprising:a container body that stores a developer; and a discharge member that suppresses an amount of the developer to be discharged from the container body, wherein
the container body includes a first opening on a downstream side in a conveyance direction in which the developer is conveyed, and includes a first side wall whose cross section perpendicular to the conveyance direction is round,
the first side wall includes on an inner surface a protrusion that continuously or intermittently continues to the downstream side spirally in a specific winding direction,
the discharge member is provided at the first opening to close the first opening, and includes a discharge port that discharges the developer on the downstream side, and includes a suppressor that closes a space connecting to the discharge port on an upstream side in the conveyance direction from the discharge port, and includes a second side wall that is continuous to surround the suppressor along the conveyance direction,
the suppressor includes a plurality of scooping-up members,
each of the plurality of scooping-up members includes a scooping-up surface that scoops up the developer, and
a plurality of second openings connecting to the space is provided on the scooping-up surface of any of the plurality of scooping-up members at respective positions different from each other in the conveyance direction.

US Pat. No. 10,795,283

TONER AMOUNT DETECTION DEVICE FOR IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a container configured to accommodate toner therein and be detachably mounted on an image forming apparatus main body;
a storage unit configured to store
identification information on the toner accommodated in the container, and
use history information;
a drive unit configured to rotationally drive a rotation target constituted by the container to transport the toner to an opening provided in an end of the container;
a detector configured to detect a current value of the drive unit; and
a determination unit configured to determine a state of the container based on the current value detected by the detector,
wherein the determination unit compares the current value of the drive unit detected when the container having no use history is mounted with a reference remaining amount threshold of the toner with respect to a reference current value that is stored in advance in the image forming apparatus main body to set a toner remaining amount threshold of the container.

US Pat. No. 10,795,282

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a photosensitive drum;
a developing section configured to develop an electrostatic latent image formed on the photosensitive drum with toner to form a toner image on the photosensitive drum;
a voltage applicator configured to apply a development bias to the developing section;
a detector configured to detect an electric current value of a first electric current and an electric current value of a second electric current, the first electric current flowing between the photosensitive drum and the developing section when the electrostatic latent image is being formed, the second electric current flowing between the photosensitive drum and the developing section when the electrostatic latent image is not being formed;
a calculating section configured to calculate a charge-to-mass ratio of the toner based on an amount of the toner forming the toner image and the electric current value of the first electric current; and
an evaluating section configured to evaluate reliability of a calculation result of the charge-to-mass ratio of the toner based on a result of comparison between the electric current value of the second electric current and a reference value, wherein
the reference value is an electric current value of a reference electric current flowing between the photosensitive drum and the developing section when the electrostatic latent image is not being formed, and indicates the electric current value detected by the detector after adjustment to at least one of the photosensitive drum and the developing section.

US Pat. No. 10,795,281

COMPENSATING VOLTAGES FOR ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHY PRINTING DEVICES

HP Indigo B.V., Amstelve...

1. A method of balancing current in a developer roller, the method comprising:pulsing voltage to a squeegee roller and a cleaner roller, the pulsed voltage yielding a differential voltage at the developer roller after impression; and
pulsing compensating voltage to at least one of the squeegee roller or the cleaner roller to reduce or cancel an accumulated developer current imbalance of the developer roller, wherein the compensating voltage pulses comprise pulses before or after the impression.

US Pat. No. 10,795,280

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a rotatable photosensitive drum;
an exposure portion including a plurality of light emitting elements which are arranged in a rotational axis direction of said photosensitive drum and which emit light to which said photosensitive drum is exposed; and
a controller configured to control activation of said light emitting elements by outputting image data to said exposure portion,
wherein said exposure portion comprises:
a plurality of array chips, each including said light emitting elements,
a substrate on which said array chips are arranged in a staggered fashion in the rotational axis direction, and
a temperature detecting portion configured to detect a temperature of said substrate,
wherein said controller comprises:
a correcting portion configured to correct magnification of the image data with respect to the rotational axis direction depending on a length fluctuation amount of said substrate with respect to the rotational axis direction calculated on the basis of the temperature detected by said temperature detecting portion, and
a converting portion configured to arrange the image data on the basis of mounting positions of said array chips arranged in the staggered fashion, and
wherein depending on magnification correction by the correcting portion, the image data is arranged by the converting portion on the basis of the mounting positions of said array chips.

US Pat. No. 10,795,279

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING OPTICAL PRINT HEADS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a housing;
a drum unit having a photosensitive drum, configured to be attachable to and detachable from the housing through an opening on the housing;
a cover configured to rotate with respect to the housing with a grounded metallic shaft member as a rotational axis, and to be movable to a closed position where the opening is closed and to an open position where the opening is open;
a print head disposed on the cover and having a light emitting element for emitting light to expose the photosensitive drum;
a control substrate disposed on the housing, configured to generate a control signal for controlling driving of the light emitting element; and
a cable connected to the print head and the control substrate to transmit the control signal from the control substrate to the print head,
wherein the cable is connected to the print head and the control substrate by passing on one side of the shaft member, the one side being opposite to a side on which the print head is disposed, in such a manner that the cable contacts the shaft member when the cover is at the closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,795,278

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a photoconductor;
a charging roller configured to charge the photoconductor;
a self-excited oscillation circuit;
a transformer including a primary coil and a secondary coil, the transformer being configured to produce, at the secondary coil, a voltage applied to the charging roller, in accordance with the primary coil being driven by the self-excited oscillation circuit; and
a controller configured to control, at start-up of the self-excited oscillation circuit, the self-excited oscillation circuit to allow an amount of a current flowing through the primary coil to be larger than an amount of a current flowing from the photoconductor through the secondary coil, via the charging roller.

US Pat. No. 10,795,277

CHARGING MEMBER FOR ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

Sumitomo Riko Company Lim...

1. A charging member for an electrophotographic apparatus comprising a shaft body, a base layer composed of a conductive rubber elastomer and a surface layer, and the base layer is formed on an outer periphery of the shaft body, and the surface layer is formed on an outer periphery of the base layer, whereinthe base layer is a cross-linked body of a conductive rubber composition containing
(a) a cross-linkable rubber,
(b) a cross-linking agent,
(c) an ion-conductive agent represented by a general formula (1) below, and a content of the (c) ion-conductive agent is within a range of 0.1-10 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the (a) cross-linkable rubber, and
(d) carbon black, and a content of the (d) carbon black is within a range of 5-40 parts by mass with respect to 100 parts by mass of the (a) cross-linkable rubber, and the (d) carbon black has a specific surface area, and the specific surface area of the (d) carbon black is within a range of 42-240 m2/g,
the surface layer is formed of a composition containing polyamide, citric acid, conductive tin oxide, and urethane particles, and the surface layer contains polymer components, and the polymer components of the surface layer are cross-linked;

here, R1 and R2 are allyl groups, R3 is a methyl group or an ethyl group, and R4 is a linear alkyl group having a carbon number of 6; X? is a N,N-bis(trifluoromethane sulfonyl) imide anion.

US Pat. No. 10,795,276

CONDUCTIVE ROLLER, TRANSFER DEVICE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING CONDUCTIVE ROLLER

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A conductive roller comprising:a supporting member; and
a conductive elastic foam layer disposed on the supporting member,
wherein, in a spectrum of amplitude (?m) vs. period (?m) obtained by subjecting a roughness waveform of an outer circumferential surface of the conductive elastic foam layer in an axial direction to fast Fourier transformation, an integrated value St of an amplitude within a period range of 100 ?m or more and 300 ?m or less is 455 ?m or less.

US Pat. No. 10,795,275

CHEMICALLY PREPARED CORE SHELL MAGENTA TONER USING A BORAX COUPLING AGENT AND METHOD TO MAKE THE SAME

LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL, IN...

1. A method for producing a chemically processed magenta toner comprising:combining a first polymer emulsion with a magenta colorant dispersion containing a single azo magenta Pigment Red 293 and a release agent dispersion to form toner cores;
adjusting the pH of the combination of the first polymer emulsion, the magenta colorant dispersion and the release agent dispersion to promote agglomeration of the toner cores;
once the toner cores reach a predetermined size, adding a borax coupling agent to the toner cores;
combining a second polymer emulsion with the toner cores having the borax coupling agent and forming toner shells around the toner cores;
once a desired toner particle size is reached, adjusting the pH of the mixture of aggregated toner cores and toner shells to prevent additional particle growth; and
fusing the aggregated toner cores and toner shells to form magenta toner particles, whereby an accumulation of the magenta toner particles results in a magenta toner composition, the single azo magenta Pigment Red 293 being present in the magenta toner composition from 2% to 8% and a viscosity of the magenta toner composition is at least 6000 ?(Pa) or greater at 120° C., wherein a mass of the magenta toner composition existing on a developer roll in an electrophotographic printer is measurable in a range per area from 0.15 mg/cm2 to 0.5 mg/cm2 and exhibits an image print density L* measured by an X-ray spectrophotometer or scanning electron microscope of less than 46.7.

US Pat. No. 10,795,274

ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPING TONER, ELECTROSTATIC CHARGE IMAGE DEVELOPER, AND TONER CARTRIDGE

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. An electrostatic charge image developing toner comprising:a continuous phase containing a binder resin (i); and
a discontinuous phase that has a core containing a binder resin (ii) and a coating layer covering the core and containing a binder resin (iii), and is dispersed in the continuous phase,
wherein the continuous phase contains an amorphous polyester resin A1 and a crystalline polyester resin C as the binder resin (i), the core contains an amorphous polyester resin A2 as the binder resin (ii), and the coating layer contains a vinyl resin B as the binder resin (iii).

US Pat. No. 10,795,273

BIS-BUTADIENE DERIVATIVE AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An electrophotographic photosensitive member comprising:a conductive substrate; and a photosensitive layer located either directly or indirectly on the conductive substrate, wherein
the photosensitive layer contains at least a charge generating material, a charge transport material, and a binder resin,
the charge transport material includes a hole transport material,
the hole transport material is only one of bis-butadiene derivatives represented by chemical formulas (HTM-1), (HTM-2), (HTM-3), and (HTM-5) shown below, and
the binder resin includes
a polyarylate resin including a repeating unit represented by chemical formula (r-1c) shown below and a repeating unit represented by chemical formula (r-1d) shown below, or
a polycarbonate resin including a repeating unit represented by chemical formula (r-2a) shown below:

US Pat. No. 10,795,272

TRIPHENYLAMINE DERIVATIVE, AND CHARGE TRANSPORT MATERIAL AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTORECEPTOR USING THE SAME

TAKASAGO INTERNATIONAL CO...

1. A triphenylamine derivative represented by general formula (1):
wherein R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7, R8, R9, R10, R11, R12, R13, R14, and R15 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxy group.

US Pat. No. 10,795,271

VIBRATION ISOLATOR, LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A vibration isolator configured to support a vibration sensitive object in a supporting direction, the vibration isolator comprising:a base;
a coupling element to be coupled to a vibration sensitive object;
a decoupling mass;
a first vibration isolator part arranged between the base and the decoupling mass; and
a second vibration isolator part arranged between the decoupling mass and the coupling element, and wherein
each of the first and second vibration isolator parts has only a single vibration isolator element, and
the vibration isolator element of the first vibration isolator part is a pneumatic isolator configured to receive compressed air, and, in operational use, the decoupling mass is configured to move relative to the first vibration isolator part in the supporting direction, and the decoupling mass is suspended by the compressed air and the second vibration isolator part only.

US Pat. No. 10,795,270

METHODS OF DEFECT INSPECTION

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

17. A method for semiconductor processing, comprising:forming pattern features in a silicon oxide layer;
filling the pattern features with a dummy filling material having optical properties dissimilar to silicon oxide;
selecting an inspection wavelength or inspection spectrum by comparing attenuation coefficients, relative permittivities, or reflection coefficients between the silicon oxide and the dummy filling material;
inspecting filled pattern features for defects, wherein a critical dimension of the pattern features inspected is less than 30 nanometers;
removing the dummy filling material from the pattern features; and
filling the pattern features with a production material.

US Pat. No. 10,795,269

METHOD OF DETERMINING A VALUE OF A PARAMETER OF INTEREST, METHOD OF CLEANING A SIGNAL CONTAINING INFORMATION ABOUT A PARAMETER OF INTEREST, DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method of determining a value of a parameter of interest of a patterning process, comprising:obtaining first and second detected representations of radiation, the radiation provided by redirection of polarized incident radiation by a structure formed using the patterning process, the first and second detected representations being derived respectively from first and second polarization components of the redirected radiation, wherein:
an asymmetry in the first detected representation comprises a contribution from the parameter of interest and a contribution from one or more other sources of asymmetry;
an asymmetry in the second detected representation comprises a larger contribution from the one or more other sources of asymmetry relative to a contribution from the parameter of interest, in comparison with the asymmetry in the first detected representation; and
using a combination of the first and second detected representations to determine a value of the parameter of interest;
wherein the contributions from the one or more other sources of asymmetry are independent of the structure.

US Pat. No. 10,795,268

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MEASURING OVERLAY ERRORS USING OVERLAY MEASUREMENT PATTERNS

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. An overlay error measurement structure, comprising:a lower-layer pattern disposed over a substrate; and
an upper-layer pattern disposed over the lower-layer pattern and at least partially overlapping with the lower-layer pattern, wherein:
the lower-layer pattern comprises a first plurality of first sub-patterns having a first length extending in a first direction and being arranged in an extent having a second length in a second direction crossing the first direction in a first portion of the lower-layer pattern and a second plurality of second sub-patterns having substantially the second length extending in the second direction and being arranged in an extent substantially having the first length in the first direction in a second portion of the lower-layer pattern adjacent to the first portion of the lower-layer pattern,
the upper-layer pattern comprises a third plurality of third sub-patterns having a third length extending in the first direction and being arranged in an extent having a fourth length in the second direction in a first portion of the upper-layer pattern and a fourth plurality of fourth sub-patterns having substantially the fourth length in the second direction and being arranged in an extent having substantially the third length extending in the first direction in a second portion of the upper-layer pattern adjacent to the first portion of the upper-layer pattern, and
a pattern pitch varies along the second direction between each two neighboring sub-patterns within at least one of at least a part of the first plurality of first sub-patterns and at least a part of the third plurality of third sub-patterns and a pattern pitch varies along the first direction between each two neighboring sub-patterns within at least one of at least a part of the second plurality of second sub-patterns and at least a part of the fourth plurality of fourth sub-patterns.

US Pat. No. 10,795,267

MODEL FOR ESTIMATING STOCHASTIC VARIATION

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method comprising:obtaining a resist process dose sensitivity value for a patterning process;
applying, by a hardware computer, the resist process dose sensitivity value to a stochastic model providing values of a stochastic variable as a function of a resist process dose sensitivity independent variable to obtain a value of the stochastic variable; and
designing or modifying a parameter of the patterning process based on the stochastic variable value.

US Pat. No. 10,795,266

METHOD OF PERFORMING MODEL-BASED SCANNER TUNING

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method for improving lithography performance, the method comprising:obtaining an initial value of a parameter of a lithography system used for exposing a pattern;
obtaining a measured result of the pattern from a substrate exposed using the lithography system at the initial value of the parameter;
obtaining, by a hardware computer system, a simulated result of the pattern using a calibrated imaging model for the lithography system; and
generating an adjusted lithography system setting to improve lithography performance, the generating comprising using a target lithography performance, the measured result, the simulated result and the initial value of the parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,795,265

SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS, SUBSTRATE PROCESSING METHOD, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A substrate processing apparatus comprising:a light radiator configured to radiate a light for processing into an irradiation area which is smaller than a processing target area of a surface of a substrate;
a driver configured to move the irradiation area in two directions that cross each other in a plane along the surface of the substrate; and
a controller configured to control the driver to move an irradiation position in two directions according to a movement pattern which has been set to radiate the light to an entire area of the processing target area,
wherein the driver includes a rotation driver configured to move the irradiation area in a first direction by rotating the substrate, and a scan driver configured to move the irradiation area in a second direction that crosses the first direction by moving the substrate in a direction orthogonal to a rotation center axis of the substrate that is rotated by the rotation driver, and
wherein the controller is configured to control the scan driver to increase a moving speed of the irradiation area as the irradiation area approaches the rotation center axis.

US Pat. No. 10,795,264

LIGHT SOURCE FOR LITHOGRAPHY EXPOSURE PROCESS

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A target fuel generator, comprising:a storage member configured to store a target fuel; and
a plurality of nozzle assemblies selectively and fluidly connected to an outlet of the storage member.

US Pat. No. 10,795,262

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

10. A method of manufacturing an integrated circuit device, the method comprising:preparing a first electrode, a second electrode, and a power source connected to the first electrode and the second electrode, the power source to apply an electric field between the first electrode and the second electrode;
forming a photoresist film including a photoacid generator (PAG) on a main surface of a substrate;
forming an electric-field transmission layer on the photoresist film, the electric-field transmission layer including a conductive polymer layer;
exposing a first region of the photoresist film through the electric-field transmission layer to generate acid in the first region of the photoresist film;
arranging the substrate such that the photoresist film faces the first electrode with the electric-field transmission layer therebetween;
diffusing the acid in the first region of the photoresist film by applying an electric field, in a direction perpendicular to a direction in which the main surface of the substrate extends, to the photoresist film through the electric-field transmission layer; and
forming a photoresist pattern by developing the photoresist film,
wherein the electric-field transmission layer includes an aromatic heterocyclic polyimide, a linear polyimide, polyacetylene, poly(p-phenylene), polythiophene, poly(ethylene dioxythiophene), polypyrrole, poly(p-phenylene vinylene), poly(thienylene vinylene), polyaniline, polyisothianaphthene, poly(p-phenylene sulfide), or a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,795,261

ADDITIVE FOR RESIST UNDERLAYER FILM-FORMING COMPOSITION AND RESIST UNDERLAYER FILM-FORMING COMPOSITION CONTAINING THE SAME

NISSAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIE...

7. A method for forming a resist pattern comprising the steps of:applying the resist underlayer film-forming composition for lithography according to claim 6 to a substrate, followed by baking, to form a resist underlayer film having a thickness of 1 nm to 25 nm;
applying a resist solution to the resist underlayer film, followed by heating, to form a resist film;
exposing the resist film with a photomask to radiation selected from the group consisting of a KrF excimer laser, an ArF excimer laser, and extreme ultraviolet light; and
developing the exposed resist film by using a developer.

US Pat. No. 10,795,260

CURABLE COMPOSITION, METHOD FOR PRODUCING CURED FILM, COLOR FILTER, LIGHT-SHIELDING FILM, SOLID-STATE IMAGING ELEMENT, AND IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A curable composition comprising:a fluorine-containing polymer including a repeating unit represented by Formula (A) and a repeating unit represented by Formula (B);
a polymerizable compound; and
a coloring agent,

in Formula (A), R1 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group, and L1 represents a linear or branched alkylene group having 3 or more carbon atoms in total, which includes an ester bond, and
in Formula (B), R2 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group, L2 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group, and Rf represents a monovalent organic group including an fluorine atom.

US Pat. No. 10,795,259

PHOTO-CURABLE AND HEAT-CURABLE RESIN COMPOSITION AND DRY FILM SOLDER RESIST

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

14. A dry film solder resist including a cured product of an acid-modified oligomer having a photo-curable functional group having an acrylate group or an unsaturated double bond, and a carboxyl group in the molecule; a photopolymerizable monomer having at least two photo-curable unsaturated functional groups; and a heat-curable binder having a heat-curable functional group, anda plate-like inorganic filler having an E-modulus of 90 to 120 (Gpa) which is dispersed in the cured product.

US Pat. No. 10,795,258

RESIST COMPOSITION

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY...

1. A resist composition comprisinga resin (A1) which has
a structural unit having a sultone ring and being represented by formula (Ix),
a structural unit represented by formula (II),
a structural unit having an acid-labile group, and
a structural unit having a lactone ring and being represented by formula (a3-2),
a resin (A2) which consists of a structural unit having a fluorine atom and a structural unit having a non-leaving hydrocarbon group, and has no structural unit having an acid-labile group and no structural unit having a lactone ring;
an acid generator, and
a weak acid inner salt represented by formula (D);

wherein Rx represents a C1 to C6 alkyl group that may have a halogen atom, a hydrogen atom or a halogen atom,
Axx represents an oxygen atom, an —N(Rc)— group or a sulfur atom,
Ax represents a C1 to C18 divalent saturated hydrocarbon group where a methylene group may be replaced by an oxygen atom or a carbonyl group,
R41 represents a C1 to C12 alkyl group that may have a halogen atom or a hydroxy group, a halogen atom, a hydroxy group, a cyano group, a C1 to C12 alkoxy group, a C6 to C12 aryl group, a C7 to C18 aralkyl group, a glycidyloxy group, a C2 to C12 alkoxycarbonyl or a C2 to C4 acyl group,
X11 represents an oxygen atom, a sulfur atom or a methylene group,
ma represents an integer 0 to 9, and
Rc represents a hydrogen atom or a C1 to C6 alkyl group;

wherein R1 represents a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom or a C1 to C6 alkyl group that may have a halogen atom,
L1 represents a single bond or *-L2-CO—O-(L3-CO—O)g—,
* represents a binding position to an oxygen atom,
L2 and L3 independently represent a C1 to C12 divalent hydrocarbon group,
g represents 0 or 1, and
R3 represents a C2 to C8 linear alkyl group,

wherein La5 represents *—O— or *—O—(CH2)k3—CO—O—, k3 represents an integer of 1 to 7,
* represents a binding position to a carbonyl group,
Ra19 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group,
Ra22 in each occurrence represents a carboxy group, a cyano group or a C1 to C4 aliphatic hydrocarbon group,
q1 represents an integer of 0 to 3, and

wherein RD1 and RD2 in each occurrence independently represent a C1 to C12 hydrocarbon group, a C1 to C6 alkoxy group, a C2 to C7 acyl group, a C2 to C7 acyloxy group, a C2 to C7 alkoxycarbonyl group, a nitro group or a halogen atom, and
m? and n? independently represent an integer of 0 to 4.

US Pat. No. 10,795,257

METHOD FOR FORMING A FUNCTIONALISED GUIDE PATTERN FOR A GRAPHOEPITAXY METHOD

1. A method for forming a functionalised guide pattern intended for the self-assembly of a block copolymer by graphoepitaxy, the method comprising:forming on a substrate a guide pattern made of a first material having a first chemical affinity with respect to the block copolymer, the guide pattern comprising a cavity comprising a bottom and side walls;
grafting a functionalisation layer made of a second polymer material having a second chemical affinity with respect to the block copolymer, the functionalisation layer comprising a first portion grafted on the bottom of the cavity and a second portion grafted on the side walls of the cavity;
etching the second portion of the functionalisation layer selectively with respect to the first portion of the functionalisation layer, the etching of the second portion of the functionalisation layer comprising a step of exposure to an ion beam directed along a direction secant to the second portion of the functionalisation layer such that the ion beam does not reach the first portion of the functionalisation layer.

US Pat. No. 10,795,256

OPTICAL COMPENSATION FILM, PHOTOMASK, AND EXPOSURE APPARATUS

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. An optical compensation film used for an exposure apparatus, the exposure apparatus including a plurality of prisms, and two adjacent prisms partially overlapping with each other to define an overlapping portion and a non-overlapping portion,wherein the optical compensation film comprises a first region of the optical compensation film and a second region of the optical compensation film;
the first region of the optical compensation film is positioned to correspond to the overlapping portion of the prisms, and the first region of the optical compensation film is configured to allow light to pass therethrough and impinge on the overlapping portion of the prisms;
the second region of the optical compensation film is positioned to correspond to the non-overlapping portion of the prisms, and the second region of the optical compensation film is configured to allow light to pass therethrough and impinge on the non-overlapping portion of the prisms; and
wherein light transmittance of the first region of the optical compensation film is greater than light transmittance of the second region of the optical compensation film.

US Pat. No. 10,795,255

METHOD OF FORMING LAYOUT DEFINITION OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

UNITED MICROELECTRONICS C...

1. A method of forming a layout definition of a semiconductor device, comprising:establishing a plurality of first patterns to form a material layer over a substrate, the first patterns being regularly arranged in a plurality of columns along a first direction to form an array arrangement;
establishing a plurality of second patterns surrounding the first patterns;
establishing a third pattern to form a blocking layer on the material layer, the third pattern overlapped with a portion of the second patterns, with at least one of the second patterns being partially exposed from the third pattern;
forming a mask structure on the stacked structure;
using the first patterns to form a plurality of through openings in the mask structure;
using the at least one of the second patterns to form at least one non-through opening in the mask structure; and
using the first patterns to form a plurality of first openings in a stacked structure on the substrate to expose a portion of the substrate respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,795,254

TRANSPARENT SCREEN

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A transparent screen comprising:a support that is capable of transmitting light;
a plurality of protruding portions that are formed on one surface of the support and have inclined surfaces parallel to each other;
a cholesteric liquid crystal layer that is formed on each of the inclined surfaces of the plurality of protruding portions and formed of a liquid crystal material having a cholesteric structure; and
an overcoat layer that is laminated on the surface of the support, on which the plurality of protruding portions are formed, so as to cover the cholesteric liquid crystal layer,
wherein in a cross section perpendicular to the surface of the overcoat layer and parallel to an inclination direction of the inclined surface of the plurality of protruding portions, a shape of the protruding portion is an obtuse-angled triangle, and an apex of the obtuse angle is spaced from the surface of the support,
the protruding portions adjacent to each other in the inclination direction of the inclined surfaces of the protruding portions are disposed in contact with each other,
a normal line of each of the inclined surfaces of the plurality of protruding portions is parallel to a spiral axis of the cholesteric structure of the cholesteric liquid crystal layer,
an angle formed between a normal line of a surface of the overcoat layer and the spiral axis of the cholesteric structure of the cholesteric liquid crystal layer is 5° to 42°,
a difference in refractive index between the cholesteric liquid crystal layer and the protruding portion is 0.2 or less, and
a difference in refractive index between the cholesteric liquid crystal layer and the overcoat layer is 0.2 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,795,253

PROJECTION APPARATUS WITH WAVELENGTH BAND BASED ON IDENTIFIED REGION, PROJECTION SYSTEM, METHOD FOR CONTROLLING PROJECTION APPARATUS

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A projection apparatus comprising:a light source section;
a projection section that projects light outputted from the light source section;
an acquirer that acquires a captured image containing a captured projection target;
an identifier that identifies a region of the projection target contained in the captured image acquired by the acquirer and an image captured position of the region in the captured image; and
a controller that determines a projection range over which the projection section projects light and a wavelength band of the light to be projected over the projection range based on the region and the image captured position identified by the identifier and controls the projection section to cause the projection section to project light in the determined wavelength band over the determined projection range,
wherein the projection target includes different parts and the identified region of the projection target is a part of the projection target.

US Pat. No. 10,795,252

MULTICHROMIC FILTERING LAYER TO ENHANCE SCREEN GAIN

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. An assembly comprising:at least one substrate against which color video can be projected by a projector, the substrate comprising pixels actuatable to establish grayscale values on the substrate; and
at least one multichromic filtering coating disposed on the substrate, the multichromic filtering coating comprising molecules passing to the substrate only those wavelengths produced by the projector, wherein the multichromic filtering coating comprises a layer containing multichromic filtering particles (MFP) that are linearly disposed in the coating along parallel lines of molecules.

US Pat. No. 10,795,251

LIGHT EMISSION CONTROL DEVICE, LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE, AND PROJECTION TYPE VIDEO DISPLAY DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. Alight emission control device configured to control a first switching element disposed in series to a light emitting element between a first power supply node and one end of an inductor, and a second switching element disposed between another end of the inductor and a second power supply node, the light emission control device comprising:a PWM terminal to which a PWM signal is input;
a first drive circuit configured to output a first control signal for setting the first switching element to an ON state when the PWM signal is in an active state, and setting the first switching element to an OFF state when the PWM signal is in an inactive state;
a second drive circuit configured to output a second control signal for controlling an ON/OFF state of the second switching element when the PWM signal is in the active state; and
a mode judgment circuit configured to judge between a PWM dimming mode as a dimming mode using the first control signal, and an analog dimming mode as a dimming mode using the second control signal based on the PWM signal.

US Pat. No. 10,795,250

LIGHTING APPARATUS AND LIGHTING TOOL FOR VEHICLE

STANLEY ELECTRIC CO., LTD...

1. A lighting apparatus comprising:a light source section configured to emit a laser beam;
a homogenizer optical element that includes (i) a light flux dividing section comprising a plurality of micro lens parts, the light flux dividing section being configured to receive the laser beam from the light source section, divide the laser beam emitted from the light source section into a plurality of separate laser beams in a plane perpendicular to an optical axis of the laser beam, and make advancing directions of the plurality of separate laser beams different from each other, and (ii) a light flux superimposing section formed integrally with the light flux dividing section and superimposing the plurality of separate laser beams emitted from the light flux dividing section on each other in a common first radiation region; and
a fluorescent material excited by the plurality of separate laser beams superimposed in the first radiation region using the light flux superimposing section of the homogenizer optical element so as to emit fluorescence,
wherein:
a second radiation region perpendicular to the optical axis of the laser beam, which has been emitted from the light source section and reached the light flux dividing section, has an elliptical shape,
the plurality of micro lens parts are disposed to have symmetry about at least one of a major axis and a minor axis of the elliptical shape,
multiple ones of the plurality of micro lens parts are arranged within a range of each of the major axis and the minor axis of the elliptical shape,
each of the micro lens parts comprises a convex lens protruding toward the light source section,
an excitation surface of the fluorescent material when seen from an incidence side of the separate laser beams has a rectangular shape,
each of the micro lens parts, when seen from an incidence side of the laser beam, has a rectangular shape similar to the rectangular shape of the excitation surface, and
a narrow angle formed between the major axis of the elliptical shape and a long side of the respective micro lens parts, when seen from the incidence side of the laser beam, is at least 45° and at most 90°.

US Pat. No. 10,795,249

PROJECTOR AND ILLUMINATION SYSTEM

Coretronic Corporation, ...

1. A projector, comprising:an illumination system, comprising:
a scanning light source assembly, adapted to provide an excitation beam, wherein the excitation beam is adapted to scan in a plurality of scanning directions; and
a wavelength conversion device, disposed on a transmission path of the excitation beam, wherein the excitation beam scans the wavelength conversion device in the scanning directions in a plurality of time intervals respectively, and the excitation beam is converted into a color beam by the wavelength conversion device in one of the time intervals;
a light valve, disposed on a transmission path of an illumination beam, and adapted to convert the illumination beam into an image beam, wherein the illumination beam comprises the color beam;
a lens, disposed on a transmission path of the image beam,
a light combining device, disposed on a transmission path of the color beam;
a light filter device, disposed on the transmission path of the color beam; and
a lens group, disposed between the wavelength conversion device and the light combining device.

US Pat. No. 10,795,248

LIGHT SOURCE DEVICE AND PROJECTOR

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A light source device comprising:a substrate having a first surface;
a plurality of light emitting elements disposed on the first surface side of the substrate;
a frame body which is disposed so as to surround the plurality of light emitting elements, and which is bonded on the first surface side of the substrate; and
a lid body which has a light transmissive member configured to transmit light emitted from the plurality of light emitting elements, which is disposed so as to be opposed to the first surface of the substrate, which includes a support member to which the light transmissive member is bonded, and which is bonded on an opposite side of the frame body to the substrate, wherein
the plurality of light emitting elements is housed in a housing space, the housing space being formed by the substrate, the frame body and the lid body,
the frame body is formed of a material including a nonconductive material, and
the support member is bonded on the opposite side of the frame body to the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,795,246

IMAGING APPARATUS AND ACCESSORY

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A mount apparatus on which an accessory is mountable to, and dismountable from, the mount apparatus, the mount apparatus comprising:a mount portion;
a plurality of mount claw portions;
a plurality of contact pins that is disposed following a circumferential direction of the mount portion, and that is arranged for electrical connection; and
a holding member configured to hold the plurality of contact pins, wherein the mount portion is arranged to be changed between a first state where each of the plurality of mount claw portions is not engaged with each of a plurality of claw portions of the accessory in a center-axis direction of a center axis of the mount portion, and a second state where each of the plurality of mount claw portions is engaged with each of the plurality of claw portions of the accessory in the center axis direction of the mount portion, wherein each of the plurality of contact pins corresponds to respective plurality of contact faces disposed following a circumferential direction of a mount portion of the accessory, and the corresponding plurality of contact pins and the plurality of contact faces are electrically connected in the second state of the mount portion,
wherein a first mount claw portion of the plurality of mount claw portions is included in an angle range between a line where a first contact pin of the plurality of contact pins and the center axis are connected in a radial direction of the mount portion, and a line where a first contact face of the plurality of contact faces and the center axis are connected in the radial direction of the mount portion,
wherein the holding member has a first tier and a second tier such that positions where a first sub-set of the plurality of contact pins is located differs in the center axis direction of the mount portion from positions where a second sub-set of the plurality of contact pins is located,
wherein a number of the plurality of contact pins disposed on the first tier is larger than a number of the plurality of contact pins disposed on the second tier, and
wherein the first contact pin is located at the first tier.

US Pat. No. 10,795,245

SELFIE APPARATUS

1. An apparatus for use with an electronic communication device having a camera to take a selfie picture or video comprising:a tri-pod stand comprising first, second, and third legs; said tri-pod stand further comprises a lower support pole removably engaged with an upper support pole;
a control unit removably engaged with said upper support pole;
a first flexible arm engaged with and extending upward from said control unit;
a second flexible arm engaged with and extending upward from said control unit; a third flexible arm engaged with and extending upward from said control unit; said third flexible arm being disposed between said first flexible arm and said second flexible arm;
a first light source engaged with said first flexible arm;
a second light source engaged with said second flexible arm;
a fastener engaged with said third flexible arm; said fastener being removably and rotatably engaged with the communication device to position the camera between a portrait view and a landscape view;
said control unit being adapted to send a first signal to the communication device to activate said first light source and a second signal to activate the camera of the communication device; and
a remote control device adapted to send a signal to said control unit causing said control unit to send said second signal to the communication device to activate the camera and take a picture.

US Pat. No. 10,795,244

MOUNT HINGE FOR AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A device comprising:a base including a stem;
a ball coupled to the stem, the ball including a first outer surface and a second outer surface;
a first friction surface movably engaged to the first outer surface and a second friction surface movably engaged to the second outer surface;
a biasing member coupled to the first and/or second friction surface to bias the first and/or second friction surface against the ball to generate a frictional force sufficient to hold the first and second friction surfaces in a set position relative to the ball; and
an electronic cable having a first portion at least partially positioned within the ball, a second portion electronically coupled to the first portion, wherein the first portion has an unlimited degree of rotational movement with respect to the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,795,243

ADJUSTABLE CAMERA CAGE

FATHOM CAMERA, LLC, Broo...

1. A camera cage, comprising:a baseplate comprising a base on which one or more contact points for a camera can be formed, the baseplate further comprising a first protrusion formed on one side of the base and a second protrusion formed on an another side of the base;
a first side plate attached to the first baseplate protrusion;
a top plate comprising a first end fixedly attached to the first side plate and a second end attached to a connector, the top plate further comprising one or more mounts for one or more external camera accessories;
the connector comprising a connecting portion and a second side plate, the connecting portion connecting the top plate second end to a first end of the second side plate, a second end of the second side plate attached to the second baseplate protrusion, the second side plate being substantially parallel to the first side plate and not directly opposite the first side plate;
a further mount for the camera attached to the top plate;
two accessory rails formed on the top plate, each of the accessory rails formed on two opposite sides of the top plate; and
a shoe-mount-lock for the camera, comprising:
a slide, portions of which are securely located within one of the two rails, the slide linearly movable along a length of the rail to which the slide is attached;
an additional plate removably attached to the slide; and
a camera shoe attachment point to which the camera can be attached and which is attached to the additional plate.

US Pat. No. 10,795,242

ELECTRONICS DEVICE THAT DISSIPATES INTERNAL DEVICE HEAT VIA HEAT SINK HAVING EXPOSED SURFACE

AVIGILON CORPORATION, Va...

1. A dome camera comprising:a first semi-spherical housing part including a first surface ending at a first peripheral edge;
a second semi-spherical housing part including a snap and a second surface ending at a second peripheral edge, the second semi-spherical housing part being complementary to the first semi-spherical housing part;
a heat sink defining a groove and having an air exposed surface that is ring-shaped and interposed between the first and second peripheral edges, and surface edges of the air exposed surface that abut the first and second peripheral edges of the housing parts are respectively matched therewith in shape and dimension so that an overall composite surface formed by the first and second surfaces of the housing parts and the air exposed surface of the heat sink is substantially continuous and uniform; and
at least one heat-generating device component located within the dome camera and connected to the heat sink,
wherein when the dome camera is on and the device component is generating heat, the heat is drawn away from the device component via the heat sink, and
wherein the snap is complementary-shaped in relation to the groove that is sized and shaped to align with the snap.

US Pat. No. 10,795,241

IP CAMERA WITH HEAT-CONDUCTING ELEMENT FOR PREVENTING DEW CONDENSATION

SERCOMM CORPORATION, Tai...

1. An IP Camera comprising:a heat-generating element;
a lens holder;
a lens assembly comprising a lens, a front portion and a rear portion opposite to the front portion, the front portion surrounding the lens, the lens assembly disposed on the lens holder with the rear portion; and
a heat-conducting element with a thermal conductivity greater than 5 W/mK, the heat-conducting element being in contact with the heat-generating element, a portion of the heat-conducting element extending towards the front portion and laterally surrounding the front portion, wherein the portion of the heat-conducting element is spaced from the front portion with an annular gap having a width less than 5 millimeters.

US Pat. No. 10,795,240

PROTECTIVE CASE FOR A MOBILE DEVICE

Moment Inc, Seattle, WA ...

1. An auxiliary optical assembly for a mobile device that includes a miniature camera module and a touchscreen display, comprising:a removable lens assembly including a lens holder, a lens coupled to the lens holder, and a coupling interface;
a mobile device case defining a camera-lens aperture and a touchscreen display aperture, said case being configured to securely couple around at least a portion of the periphery of said mobile device;
a lens attachment interface comprising a capture plate protruding into the camera-lens aperture across at least a portion of a periphery of the camera-lens aperture sufficient to overlap the coupling interface along an optical path of the miniature camera module, and a catch to facilitate stable locking coupling of said removable lens assembly in optical alignment with said miniature camera module; and
wherein said coupling interface comprises a bayonet tab and the capture plate comprises a gradually-sloped detent segment configured to overlap the bayonet tab at a first end of the detent segment, wherein the catch comprises a spring or recess trap or combination thereof disposed at a second end of the detent segment, and said bayonet tab is rotatable between said first and second ends of said detent segment to engage said catch and facilitate said stable locking coupling.

US Pat. No. 10,795,239

DRAINAGE STRUCTURE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:an upper cover in which at least one first camera facing a first direction is disposed;
a housing in which a plurality of second cameras is disposed facing a second direction different from the first direction;
a lower cover disposed to face the upper cover with the housing interposed therebetween, the lower cover being configured to cover a third direction different from the first direction; and
a drainage structure penetrating the housing from the upper cover and connected to the lower cover,
wherein the drainage structure comprises:
a drainage hole disposed adjacent to the at least one first camera,
at least one first conduit extending from the upper cover in the third direction, and
at least one second conduit extending in the first direction from the lower cover and connected to the at least one first conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,795,238

LIGHT REFLECTION

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A device, comprising:multiple light sources arranged laterally along a convex arc; and,
a swept wavy-petal reflector which when viewed transverse to the convex arc comprises a first concave portion and a second convex portion and extends laterally along the convex arc and positioned relative to the multiple light source to cast light from the multiple light sources across an angular range including radial cross-sections within the angular range.

US Pat. No. 10,795,237

IMAGINING DEVICE WITH FOCUSED ILLUMINATION

Envirosight LLC, Randolp...

1. An imaging system having a forward and rearward orientation, said system comprising:at least one housing;
at least one light source;
an imaging device in said housing and comprising a zooming lens having an optical axis, wherein said zooming lens of said imaging device defines a position point within said housing;
a positioning system comprising an elongated member for positioning said imaging device; and
a tilting mechanism comprising a rack and pinion mechanism wherein one of said rack or pinion is affixed to said housing, and the other component is affixed to said position system, wherein said rack is curved and said pinion interengages said rack such that rotating the pinion causes the rack to move relative to the pinion such that said housing pivots around said position point.

US Pat. No. 10,795,236

OPTICAL UNIT WITH SHAKE CORRECTION FUNCTION

NIDEC SANKYO CORPORATION,...

1. An optical unit with shake correction function, the optical unit comprising:a movable member comprising:
a camera module comprising an optical element and an image pickup element that is positioned on an optical axis of the optical element; and
a camera module holder comprising a cylindrical holding part configured to hold the camera module from an outside in a radial direction that is orthogonal to the optical axis;
a swingable supporting mechanism configured to swingably support the movable member;
a supporting member configured to support the movable member via the swingable supporting mechanism;
a swing magnetic driving mechanism configured to swing the movable member;
a stopper mechanism configured to restrict a swinging range of the movable member;
a flexible printed circuit board electrically connected to the image pickup element;
a fixing member configured to rotatably support the supporting member around a predetermined axis; and
a rolling magnetic driving mechanism configured to rotate the supporting member around the predetermined axis,
wherein the swingable supporting mechanism is configured to swingably support the movable member between a reference position in which the optical axis and the predetermined axis are coincident with each other and a tilt position in which the optical axis tilts relative to the predetermined axis,
when a side on which the optical element is positioned in the optical axis direction is defined as an object side and a side on which the image pickup element is positioned is defined as a counter-object side, the supporting member comprises a holder bottom plate member having an opposing face that faces the counter-object side of the camera module,
the camera module comprises a board holder configured to hold a board in which the image pickup element has been implemented, and the board holder comprises a first projection part and a second projection part, which are stopper projection parts and are projected from the board holder so as to be disposed while the optical axis and the image pickup element are sandwiched therebetween,
the opposing face of the holder bottom plate member comprises abutment targets which are capable of abutting against the first projection part and the second projection part,
a counter-object side face of the holder bottom plate member comprises a fixing part configured to hold one of a coil and a magnet structuring the rolling magnetic driving mechanism,
the fixing member comprises an other of the coil and the magnet structuring the rolling magnetic driving mechanism which is provided on the counter-object side with respect to the one of the coil and the magnet provided on the holder bottom plate member in a direction of the predetermined axis, and
the flexible printed circuit board is connected to the board after drawn between the first projection part and the second projection part.

US Pat. No. 10,795,235

SAW MODULATORS AND LIGHT STEERING METHODS

The Charles Stark Draper ...

1. A surface acoustic wave optical modulator, comprising:a substrate having an exit face;
a transducer for generating a surface acoustic wave in the substrate;
an incoupling device for coupling light into the substrate;
an optical waveguide in the substrate for guiding the light from the incoupling device through the substrate until the light is diffracted from the optical waveguide by being polarization-rotated out of a guided mode of the optical waveguide and into a leaky mode of the optical waveguide by the surface acoustic wave, the light leaving the optical waveguide and then exiting the substrate at the exit face; and
a diffractive optic on the exit face for conditioning the light exiting the substrate;
wherein the diffractive optic is transmissive to the light and is formed on a distal face of the substrate which is opposite a proximal face of the substrate, the optical waveguide being fabricated in the proximal face, with the light exiting the substrate at the distal face.

US Pat. No. 10,795,234

MEMS ACTUATED HIGH INDEX OPTICAL ANTENNAS AND METAFILMS FOR LIGHT MANIPULATION AND CONTROL

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A monolithic optical device for light manipulation and control such as beam steering, focusing, and reflected color at visible and infrared wavelengths, the device comprising:a device layer deposited on an sacrificial layer deposited on a reflective substrate, wherein:
the device layer comprises i) an elastic support structure having an electrostatically movable frame and ii) nanoscale optical antenna elements arranged within the electrostatically movable frame, wherein the electrostatically movable frame and the nanoscale optical antenna elements are capable of moving vertically relative to the reflective substrate in response to application of an electrostatic potential between the device layer and the reflective substrate such that each of the nanoscale optical antenna elements has an even height above the reflective substrate along its length;
the sacrificial layer joins the elastic support structure to the reflective substrate;
the reflective substrate is reflective at optical wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,795,233

ELECTRO-OPTIC DISPLAYS

E Ink Corporation, Bille...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a common electrode;
a second electrode;
an electro-optic material disposed between the common electrode and the second electrode;
a measurement circuit;
a capacitor; and
a switch coupled to the common electrode and configured to:
in a first switching state, couple the common electrode to the capacitor and un-couple the common electrode to the measurement circuit; and
in a second switching state, couple the common electrode to the measurement circuit and not to the capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,795,232

THIN-FILM DEVICES AND FABRICATION

View, Inc., Milipitas, C...

1. An optical device comprising:a substantially transparent substrate;
a plurality of layers on the substantially transparent substrate, the plurality of layers comprising:
a first transparent conducting layer;
a second transparent conducting layer; and
one or more material layers sandwiched in between the first and second transparent conducting layers, the one or more material layers comprising at least one optically switchable material, wherein the second transparent conducting layer is co-extensive with the one or more material layers; and
a substantially continuous transparent vapor barrier material layer disposed in direct contact with the plurality of layers, the transparent vapor barrier layer configured to resist moisture and wherein the transparent vapor barrier layer is electrically conductive.

US Pat. No. 10,795,231

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising:a base substrate;
a plurality of data lines;
a plurality of pixel units arranged on the base substrate, wherein each of the plurality of pixel units comprises a plurality of subpixel units, and the plurality of subpixel units is in a one-to-one correspondence with the plurality of data lines; and
a plurality of strip-shaped touch electrodes, arranged on a same layer as the plurality of data lines,
wherein each of the plurality of subpixel units comprises a first subpixel unit and a second subpixel unit that are adjacently arranged, and the data line corresponding to the first subpixel unit, and the data line corresponding to the second subpixel unit are both arranged at a position corresponding to a boundary between the first subpixel unit and the second subpixel unit,
wherein the plurality of subpixel units in each of the plurality of pixel units are arranged and numbered successively in a first direction, in the first direction, the data line corresponding to the first subpixel unit is arranged at an edge of the first subpixel unit close to the second subpixel unit, and the data line corresponding to the last subpixel unit is arranged at an edge of the last subpixel unit close to the second last subpixel unit,
wherein an arrangement manner of data lines corresponding to the plurality of subpixel units in any pixel unit is the same as an arrangement manner of data lines corresponding to the plurality of subpixel units in any other pixel unit, and
wherein each of the plurality of pixel units is provided with at least one touch electrode, and the touch electrode corresponding to each pixel unit is arranged at an edge of the last subpixel unit away from the second last subpixel unit of the each pixel unit.

US Pat. No. 10,795,230

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY DEVICE WHICH CAN BE FOLDED OR ROLLED

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a substrate including a display area and a non-display area provided on at least one side of the display area;
at least one pixel provided on the substrate;
a first insulating layer provided on the substrate, and including a first opening at an area adjacent to the display area;
a second insulating layer provided on the first insulating layer, and including a second opening at the area adjacent to the display area; and
an encapsulation layer covering the first opening, the second opening, and a portion of the non-display area,
wherein:
the second insulating layer overlaps at least a portion of at least one side of the first opening in the first insulating layer;
the encapsulation layer comprises a first inorganic insulating layer, an organic insulating layer, and a second inorganic insulating layer that are successively stacked;
the first inorganic insulating layer and the second inorganic insulating layer cover the first opening and the second opening;
the non-display area comprises an additional area which protrudes from a portion thereof and the additional area includes a bent area having flexibility; and
the bent area is bendable at a radius of curvature of about 4.5 mm or less.

US Pat. No. 10,795,229

ELECTRO-OPTICAL DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A transmissive-type electro-optical device, comprising:an element substrate that includes a first substrate; a counter substrate opposed to the element substrate; and an electro-optical layer between the element substrate and the counter substrate, wherein the element substrate, in a pixel area, includes:
a plurality of pixel electrodes,
a first light-shielding layer, between the first substrate and at least one of the plurality of pixel electrodes, overlapping in a plan view with an inter-pixel area located between adjacent pixel electrodes of the plurality of pixel electrodes, and
a semiconductor layer for a pixel transistor, between the first light-shielding layer and the at least one of the plurality of pixel electrodes, overlapping in a plan view with the first light-shielding layer, and
the element substrate, in a peripheral area around the pixel area, includes:
a metal wiring,
a second light-shielding layer provided in a manner overlapping with the metal wiring between the first substrate and the metal wiring, the second light-shielding layer including a surface at the first substrate side having lower reflectance than a surface of the metal wiring at the first substrate side, and
a third light-shielding layer between the first substrate and the metal wiring, the third light-shielding layer including an opening in an area where the metal wiring overlaps with the second light-shielding layer and including a surface at the first substrate side having lower reflectance than the surface of the metal wiring at the first substrate side,
wherein the second light-shielding layer has an island shape, and
the second light-shielding layer overlaps with the opening and with the third light shielding layer such that the second light-shielding layer extends in a direction from (a) overlapping with the opening, to (b) overlapping at an edge of the opening, to (c) an edge of the second light-shielding layer overlapping with an interior portion of the third light-shielding layer, and
wherein the third light-shielding layer is provided between the metal wiring and the second light-shielding layer.

US Pat. No. 10,795,228

ARRAY SUBSTRATE WITH DIFFUSE REFLECTION LAYER, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising a base substrate, a buffer layer, an active layer, a gate insulating layer, a gate metal layer, an interlayer dielectric layer, a source/drain metal layer, gate lines and data lines arranged on the base substrate to define a plurality of pixel regions, and a diffuse reflection layer arranged in the plurality of pixel regions and in direct contact with the base substrate,wherein a surface of the diffuse reflection layer facing a light emitting side of the array substrate is uneven, and the diffuse reflection layer is made entirely of one material,
wherein in each of the plurality of pixel regions, the diffuse reflection layer is arranged in an entire pixel region other than a region where a channel of the active layer locates, and
wherein a gap for passing through backlight incident from the base substrate exists between the diffuse reflection layer and the gate line and between the diffuse reflection layer and the data line, or the diffuse reflection layer has a gap for passing through backlight incident from the base substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,795,227

DISPLAY DEVICE

Au Optronics Corporation,...

1. A display device, comprising:a backlight module;
a dimming panel disposed on the backlight module, wherein the dimming panel comprises:
a light-shielding structure;
a plurality of first active elements; and
a plurality of control electrodes, wherein each of the control electrodes is electrically connected to one of the first active elements; and
a display panel disposed on the backlight module and comprising:
a first repeat unit comprising a first pixel unit, a second pixel unit and a third pixel unit being sequentially arranged along a first direction; and
a second repeat unit comprising the second pixel unit, the third pixel unit, and the first pixel unit being sequentially arranged along the first direction, wherein the first repeat unit and the second repeat unit are arranged along a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, and
the first pixel unit of the first repeat unit is aligned with the second pixel unit of the second repeat unit along the second direction, the second pixel unit of the first repeat unit is aligned with the third pixel unit of the second repeat unit along the second direction, and the third pixel unit of the first repeat unit is aligned with the first pixel unit of the second repeat unit along the second direction; wherein
the first pixel unit of each of the first repeat unit and the second repeat unit comprises a first color sub-pixel, a second color sub-pixel, a third color sub-pixel, and a fourth color sub-pixel being sequentially arranged along the first direction,
the second pixel unit of each of the first repeat unit and the second repeat unit comprises the second color sub-pixel, the third color sub-pixel, the first color sub-pixel, and the fourth color sub-pixel being sequentially arranged along the first direction, and
the third pixel unit of each of the first repeat unit and the second repeat unit comprises the third color sub-pixel, the first color sub-pixel, the second color sub-pixel, and the fourth color sub-pixel being sequentially arranged along the first direction,
so that a total area shielded by the light-shielding structure of the first color sub-pixels in the first repeat unit, a total area shielded by the light-shielding structure of the second color sub-pixels in the first repeat unit, a total area shielded by the light-shielding structure of the third color sub-pixels in the first repeat unit, and a total area shielded by the light-shielding structure of the fourth color sub-pixels in the first repeat unit are substantially equal.

US Pat. No. 10,795,226

DISPLAY DEVICE

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A display device, comprising:a first substrate, a second substrate, a third substrate, and a fourth substrate, the first substrate and the second substrate disposed opposite to each other, the third substrate and the fourth substrate disposed opposite to each other;
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a bistable polymer dispersed liquid crystal layer disposed between the third substrate and the fourth substrate;
a band-pass filter disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the bistable polymer dispersed liquid crystal layer; and
a backlight module disposed on one side of the fourth substrate away from the third substrate,
wherein a mass fraction of a plurality of liquid crystals in the bistable polymer dispersed liquid crystal layer is 40%-60%, the liquid crystals of the bistable polymer dispersed liquid crystal layer are made of a material the same as a plurality of liquid crystals of the liquid crystal layer, and a thickness of a liquid crystal cell of the bistable polymer dispersed liquid crystal layer satisfies ?n*d=?/4, wherein ?n is the refractive index anisotropy of the liquid crystals of the bistable polymer dispersed liquid crystal layer, d is the thickness of the liquid crystal cell, ?n*d represents an optical path difference, ? is a wavelength of light, and a value of ? is between 380 nm to 780 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,795,225

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A display device including an active matrix substrate,wherein the active matrix substrate includes:
a gate line made of a first metal film;
a data line that is arranged so as to intersect with the gate line and made of a second metal film;
a display control element that includes a gate electrode connected to the gate line, a semiconductor film, a source electrode connected to the data line, and a drain electrode;
a pixel electrode that is connected to the drain electrode and made of a first transparent electrode film;
a counter electrode that makes a capacitor between the counter electrode and the pixel electrode and is made of a second transparent electrode film;
a display driving circuit that supplies a control signal to at least one of the gate line and the data line;
a signal line that is connected with the counter electrode, and to which a driving signal for touch detection is supplied, the signal line being made of a third metal film;
a touch detection driving circuit that supplies a driving signal for touch detection; and
a plurality of terminals including a first terminal that connects at least one of the gate line and the data line with the display driving circuit and a second terminal that connects the signal line with the touch detection driving circuit,
wherein the first metal film, the second metal film, and the first transparent electrode film are sequentially laminated at the first terminal and the second terminal, and
the first metal film and the second metal film are directly in contact with each other at the first terminal and the second terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,795,224

CURVED DISPLAY APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A curved display apparatus comprising:a display panel curved along a first direction; and
an FPC (Flexible Printed Circuits) board used for driving the display panel, wherein
the display panel has a curved side that is a side included in a contour of the display panel and is a side curved along the first direction,
the FPC board is connected to a side of the curved side of the display panel,
the FPC board is provided with a slit for reducing a stress applied to the FPC board,
the FPC board has a first end portion and a second end portion that intersect with a second direction orthogonal to the first direction in a plan view,
the first end portion is connected to the display panel,
the first end portion is provided with a terminal portion,
the terminal portion has a dummy terminal not having a function of transmitting a signal, and
the slit extends from the dummy terminal of the terminal portion to the second end portion.

US Pat. No. 10,795,223

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a first base substrate comprising an upper surface, a lower surface, and a plurality of side surfaces connecting the upper surface and the lower surface, and the upper surface comprising a first part and a second part configured to surround the first part;
a second base substrate configured to face the first base substrate;
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the first base substrate and the second base substrate, and configured to overlap the first part and not to overlap the second part;
a first connection electrode disposed on a first side surface among the plurality of side surfaces;
a second connection electrode disposed on the first side surface and separated from the first connection electrode;
a first signal transfer part disposed on the upper surface, extended in a first direction, and configured to contact the first connection electrode and receive an electrical signal;
a second signal transfer part disposed on the upper surface, extended in the first direction, and configured to contact the second connection electrode and receive an electrical signal; and
a first blocking pad configured to overlap the second part of the upper surface, disposed between the first signal transfer part and the second signal transfer part, and separated from the first signal transfer part and the second signal transfer part.

US Pat. No. 10,795,222

DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR DISPLAY DEVICE

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A display device comprising:a first glass substrate including a through-hole;
a wiring disposed in a first main surface of the first glass substrate;
a terminal formed in a second main surface of the first glass substrate and electrically connected to the wiring through the through-hole;
a second glass substrate disposed closer to a display surface side than the first glass substrate and disposed to be opposed to the first main surface of the first glass substrate; and
a seal member bonding the first glass substrate and the second glass substrate together,
wherein the seal member and the through-hole overlap with each other in planar view.

US Pat. No. 10,795,221

METHODS FOR MAKING TWO-PHASE LIGHT-TRANSMISSIVE ELECTRODE LAYER WITH CONTROLLED CONDUCTIVITY

E Ink Corporation, Bille...

1. A method of making a two-phase light-transmissive electrode layer for incorporation into an electro-optic assembly, the method comprising:coating a composition comprising a light-transmissive polymeric material and a conductive additive onto a substrate, the substrate contacting a highly electronically-conductive matrix; and
drying the composition to create a two-phase light-transmissive electrode layer.

US Pat. No. 10,795,220

GRAPHENE TRANSPARENT CONDUCTIVE FILM AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method for manufacturing a graphene transparent conductive, vertical alignment film for liquid crystal, comprising steps of:S1, mixing graphene, a surfactant, and water so as to obtain a graphene solution;
S2, adding a vertical alignment agent for liquid crystal and PEDOT-PSS to the graphene solution so as to obtain a graphene transparent conductive film liquid; and
S3, coating the graphene transparent conductive film liquid on a substrate, and removing water from the film liquid, obtaining the graphene transparent conductive, vertical alignment film for liquid crystal,
wherein a general structural formula of the vertical alignment agent for liquid crystal, is R—Sp-Qn,
wherein Q is a sulfonic acid group, and n is an integer in a range from 1 to 3;
wherein Sp is a linking group, and a general structural formula thereof is —(CH2)m—, in which m is an integer in a range from 1 to 5, one or more —CH2— group(s) are each optionally substituted by a group selected from phenylene, aromatic condensed ring base, cycloalkylene, —O—, —S—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCOO—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —CH?CH—, —CF?CF—, —C?C—, —CH?CH—COO—, and —OCO—CH?CH—;
wherein R is a hydrophobic chain selected from substituted or unsubstituted C3-20 linear or branched alkyl, in which one or more CH2 group(s) are each optionally substituted by a group selected from —O—, —CONH—, —COO—, —OCO—, —CO—, and —CH?CH—, and one or more H atom(s) are each optionally substituted by F atom(s) or CI atom(s),
wherein when n is 1, the linking group Sp contains at least two benzene rings or aromatic condensed rings, and
wherein the sulfonic group(s) Q(s) of the vertical alignment agent for liquid crystal are each adsorbed in the graphene, and the hydrophobic chain R of the vertical alignment agent for liquid crystal is at a surface of the graphene transparent conductive, vertical alignment film for liquid crystal.

US Pat. No. 10,795,219

SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY PANEL, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

HKC Corporation Limited, ...

1. A substrate, comprising:a substrate body, defined with a display region and a non-display region;
a fan-out layer, defined in the non-display region of the substrate body, the fan-out layer comprising a plurality of traces which are arranged at intervals, and
a transparent conductive layer, defined in the non-display region of the substrate body as a different layer from the fan-out layer, the fan-out layer being located between the substrate body and the transparent conductive layer; the transparent conductive layer comprising a plurality of pattern groups which are arranged at intervals, the pattern groups and the traces being alternately defined, each pattern of the pattern groups comprising a plurality of conductive patterns which are arranged at intervals, the plurality of conductive patterns are sequentially defined at intervals along the extending direction of a gap between adjacent traces.

US Pat. No. 10,795,218

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display substrate, comprising:a base substrate having a plurality of pixel areas; and
a pixel electrode in each of the pixel areas, the pixel electrode including:
a vertical stem portion extending in a first direction, the vertical stem portion forming an edge of the pixel area,
a horizontal stem portion extending from a center of the vertical stem portion in a second direction intersecting the first direction,
a plurality of main branch portions extending from at least one of the vertical stem portion and the horizontal stem portion in an inclined manner, and
a sub-branch portion between two main branch portions of the plurality of main branch portions that are parallel with and adjacent to each other, the sub-branch portion extending only from at least one of the plurality of main branch portions that extends from the vertical stem portion among the vertical and horizontal stem portions,
wherein the sub-branch portion is parallel to the at least one of the plurality of main branch portions.

US Pat. No. 10,795,217

LIQUID CRYSTAL GRATING AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF, AND NAKED EYE 3D DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A liquid crystal grating, comprising a first substrate and a second substrate provided opposite to each other and a liquid crystal layer provided between the first substrate and the second substrate, a plate-shaped transparent electrode being provided on the first substrate, wherein,a second transparent conductive layer, a transparent insulating layer and a first transparent conductive layer are sequentially provided on the second substrate;
the first transparent conductive layer includes first strip-shaped transparent electrodes and second strip-shaped transparent electrodes which are alternately provided, and a gap is between the first strip-shaped transparent electrode and the second strip-shaped transparent electrode adjacent to each other;
the second transparent conductive layer includes third strip-shaped transparent electrodes provided at intervals; and
only one third strip-shaped transparent electrode with its entirety is provided in an orthographic projection, on the second transparent conductive layer, of a region of every two immediately adjacent first strip-shaped transparent electrodes and one second strip-shaped transparent electrode between the every two immediately adjacent first strip-shaped transparent electrodes;
a first one of the second strip-shaped transparent electrodes is at a first side of a first one of the first strip-shaped transparent electrodes and is immediately adjacent to the first one of the first strip-shaped transparent electrodes, and a second one of the second strip-shaped transparent electrodes is at a second side, which is opposite to the first side, of the first one of the first strip-shaped transparent electrodes and is immediately adjacent to the first one of the first strip-shaped transparent electrodes;
a second one of the first strip-shaped transparent electrodes is at a side, away from the first one of the first strip-shaped transparent electrodes, of the first one of the second strip-shaped transparent electrodes and is immediately adjacent to the first one of the second strip-shaped transparent electrodes, and a third one of the first strip-shaped transparent electrodes is at a side, away from the first one of the first strip-shaped transparent electrodes, of the second one of the second strip-shaped transparent electrodes and is immediately adjacent to the second one of the second strip-shaped transparent electrodes;
a width of each of the first strip-shaped transparent electrodes is greater than a width of each of the second strip-shaped transparent electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,795,216

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING DISPLAY DEVICE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

TIANMA JAPAN, LTD., Kawa...

1. A method of manufacturing a display device including a louver that is capable of changing a viewing angle, the method comprising:a first step of forming a first electrode layer to drive the louver on a first main face of a first substrate;
a second step of forming a resin layer on the first electrode layer;
a third step of forming louver grooves to contain electrophoretic particles and a dispersion medium in the resin layer;
a fourth step of forming a sealing layer having a flat top face on the resin layer having the louver grooves in such a manner that the sealing layer closes the louver grooves;
a fifth step of forming color filters on the sealing layer;
a sixth step of forming a second electrode layer to drive the louver on the sealing layer;
a seventh step of forming a first alignment film on the first main face of the first substrate after forming the color filters and the second electrode layer;
an eighth step of bonding the first substrate and a second substrate in such a manner that the first alignment film is opposed to a second alignment film on the second substrate;
a ninth step of filling a space between the first substrate and the second substrate with liquid crystal; and
a tenth step of filling the louver grooves with the electrophoretic particles and the dispersion medium,
an eleventh step of forming an opening in the filled-up louver grooves by cutting a part of the resin layer;
a twelfth step of filling the louver grooves with the electrophoretic particles and the dispersion medium through the opening,
a thirteenth step of cutting the resin layer, the sealing layer, and the color filters formed on the first main face of the first substrate; and
a fourteenth step of scribing an opposite face of the first main face of the first substrate to form a crack on the first substrate and breaking the first substrate having the crack after the thirteenth step.

US Pat. No. 10,795,215

DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

HKC Corporation Limited, ...

1. A display panel, wherein the display panel comprises:a substrate;
a display area, defined at a surface of the substrate, the display area comprises a plurality of unit pixel areas, the plurality of unit pixel areas are uniformly defined at the surface of the substrate, and an outer edge of one of the unit pixel areas encloses to form an area A1; and
a photo spacer, the photo spacer comprises main photo spacers, one end of each of the main photo spacers fixedly connects to the substrate, an outer edge of the other end of each of the main photo spacers encloses to form an area A2, and A1 and A2 satisfy a relationship: 0.0001?A2/A1?0.0004; and
the photo spacer further comprises auxiliary photo spacers, one end of each of the auxiliary photo spacers fixedly connects to the substrate, an outer edge of the other end of each of the auxiliary photo spacers encloses to form an area A3, and A1 and A3 satisfy a relationship: 1/100

US Pat. No. 10,795,214

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a first substrate including a first signal line and a second signal line adjacent to each other along a first direction, an organic insulating film located on the first signal line and the second signal line, and a first spacer located on the organic insulating film; and
a second substrate opposing the first substrate and including a second spacer opposing the first spacer, wherein
the organic insulating film includes a through-hole between the first signal line and the second signal line in plan view,
the first spacer is provided to overlap the through-hole in plan view and filling the through-hole,
the second spacer is provided to overlap the through-hole and the first spacer in plan view,
the second substrate further comprises a light-shielding layer,
the light shielding layer entirely overlaps the first spacer and the second spacer in plan view,
the light-shielding layer includes a first opening and a second opening,
the first opening and the second spacer are arranged adjacent to each other along a second direction crossing the first direction in plan view,
the first opening and the second opening are located adjacent to each other along the first direction in plan view, and
the second opening has a sixth length along the second direction and the first opening has a seventh length along the second direction, the sixth length being greater than the seventh length.

US Pat. No. 10,795,213

DISPLAY PANEL AND FABRICATING METHOD THEREOF

Himax Display, Inc., Tai...

1. A display panel comprising:a first substrate comprising a first conductive layer;
a second substrate assembled with the first substrate and comprising a second conductive layer and a passivation layer disposed on the second conductive layer, wherein the passivation layer reveals a portion of the second conductive layer;
a display medium layer disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a sealant disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate and surrounding the display medium layer;
a conductor disposed between the sealant and an edge of the display panel and electrically connected between the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer, wherein the conductor is in contact with the revealed portion of the second conductive layer and the conductor comprises:
a first conductive protrusion in contact with one of the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer; and
a second conductive protrusion connecting between the other of the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer and the first conductive protrusion, wherein a material of the first conductive protrusion and a material of the second conductive protrusion are different,
wherein the first conductive protrusion is a stacked structure comprising more than one electrically conductive material.

US Pat. No. 10,795,212

LIGHT-MODULATING CELL

DAI NIPPON PRINTING CO., ...

1. A stacked body comprising a first resin film, a first electrode portion, a first alignment film, and a sealing material which are stacked, and further comprising a second alignment film, the sealant material being arranged between the first and second alignment films, wherein:the first alignment film has a permeation region where at least a part of components constituting the sealing material permeate, and
at least a part of the components constituting the sealing material which permeate the first alignment film permeates up to a portion separated from an end surface of the first alignment film on a side of the sealing material by 30 nanometers or more with respect to a stacking direction of the first alignment film and the sealing material.

US Pat. No. 10,795,211

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a first substrate comprising a first area and a second area;
a second substrate opposing the first substrate and not opposing the second area;
a sealing part which adheres the first substrate and the second substrate to each other;
a liquid crystal layer located between the first substrate and the second substrate and surrounded by the sealing part;
an alignment film disposed on the first substrate so as to be in contact with the liquid crystal layer, and
a terminal located in the second area and connected to an external circuit,
wherein the first substrate comprises an insulating substrate and a wiring structure,
the wiring structure comprises a first wiring line, a second wiring line, a third wiring line, a first insulating film located between the first wiring line and the second wiring line, a third insulating film covering the third wiring line, and a second insulating film of an organic material, located between the second wiring line and the third wiring line,
the wiring structure is located in the second area and is thicker than other parts in the second area,
the alignment film is located between the liquid crystal layer and the third insulating film of an inorganic material,
the alignment film includes a thin film portion on the wiring structure thinner than the other parts in the second area, and
the alignment film including an end located on the wiring structure in a plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,795,210

LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A liquid crystal panel including a display surface displaying an image, the liquid crystal panel comprising:a pair of substrates including a first substrate having a first opposing surface and a second substrate having a second opposing surface, the first substrate and the second substrate being disposed to face each other in a state where the first opposing surface and the second opposing surface are opposite and spaced apart from each other;
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the pair of substrates;
a spacer provided on the first opposing surface of the first substrate; and
an alignment film provided on the second opposing surface of the second substrate, wherein:
the display surface is curved around a curved axis or formed to be bendable around the curved axis,
the spacer directly or indirectly abuts on the alignment film,
the alignment film is a horizontal alignment film that contains a polymer having an alkylene chain structure having two or more carbon atoms in a main chain and allows liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal layer to be aligned horizontally to the alignment film, the polymer has at least one photofunctional group in the main chain, the main chain is aligned and arranged in one direction, and
the polymer is aligned such that the alkylene chain structure extends parallel to the curved axis.

US Pat. No. 10,795,209

LIQUID CRYSTAL PHASE SHIFTER, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME AND METHOD FOR SHIFTING PHASE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A liquid crystal phase shifter, comprising:a first base substrate and a second base substrate opposed to each other;
a first liquid crystal modulation portion and a second liquid crystal modulation portion between the first base substrate and the second base substrate;
a first electromagnetic wave transport layer configured to transport electromagnetic waves and arranged between the first base substrate and the first liquid crystal modulation portion; and
a second electromagnetic wave transport layer configured to transport electromagnetic waves and arranged between the first base substrate and the second liquid crystal modulation portion,
wherein the first liquid crystal modulation portion is configured to modulate a phase of electromagnetic waves in a first frequency range and the second liquid crystal modulation portion is configured to modulate a phase of electromagnetic waves in a second frequency range different from the first frequency range,
wherein the first liquid crystal modulation portion comprises:
a first signal electrode on a first side of the first liquid crystal modulation portion facing towards the first base substrate;
a first grounding electrode on a second side of the first liquid crystal modulation portion facing towards the second base substrate;
a first alignment layer on a side of the first signal electrode away from the first base substrate;
a second alignment layer on a side of the first grounding electrode away from the second base substrate; and
a first liquid crystal layer between the first alignment layer and the second alignment layer, and
wherein each of the first electromagnetic wave transport layer and the second electromagnetic wave transport layer is electrically insulated from each of the first liquid crystal modulation portion and the second liquid crystal modulation portion, each of the first electromagnetic wave transport layer and the second electromagnetic wave transport layer comprising at least one transport portion, the transport portion comprising a wave guide layer or a microstrip line layer made of copper.

US Pat. No. 10,795,208

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A liquid crystal display, comprising:an array of a plurality of pixels, wherein a pixel of the plurality of pixels comprises:
a first substrate and a second substrate;
a first electrode on a facing surface of the first substrate, wherein the facing surface of the first substrate faces the second substrate;
a second electrode on a facing surface of the second substrate, wherein the facing surface of the second substrate faces the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein the liquid crystal layer includes a plurality of liquid crystal molecules;
a first orientation film that covers the first electrode; and
a second orientation film that covers the second electrode, wherein
the plurality of liquid crystal molecules comprises:
at least one first liquid crystal molecule adjacent to the first orientation film;
at least one second liquid crystal molecule adjacent to the second orientation film; and
at least one third liquid crystal molecule between the at least one first liquid crystal molecule and the at least one second liquid crystal molecule in a thickness direction of the liquid crystal layer,
the at least one first liquid crystal molecule, the at least one second liquid crystal molecule, and the at least one third liquid crystal molecule have different pretilt angles from each other,
the first electrode includes a plurality of transparent conductive material layers and a foundation layer,
the foundation layer has a plurality of projecting portions and a plurality of recessed portions,
a first transparent conductive material layer of the plurality of transparent conductive material layers is connected to a first power feeding unit,
the first power feeding unit is in a pixel center portion,
the first transparent conductive material layer is on a top surface of a projecting portion of the foundation layer,
a second transparent conductive material layer of the plurality of transparent conductive material layers is connected to a second power feeding unit,
the second transparent conductive material layer is on a bottom surface of a recessed portion of the foundation layer,
the second electrode comprises a protruding portion,
the protruding portion has a shape of an isosceles triangle, and
the protruding portion comprises a negative photo-resist material.

US Pat. No. 10,795,207

QUANTUM ROD LAYER, METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a light source part emitting a blue colored light;
a quantum rod layer over the light source part, the quantum rod layer emitting a white colored light of a polarized state having a peak at wavelengths corresponding to red, green and blue colors using the blue colored light;
first and second substrates over the light source part, the first and second substrates facing each other and spaced apart from each other;
a liquid crystal layer between the first and second substrates;
a lower alignment layer on an inner surface of the first substrate;
an upper alignment layer on an inner surface of the second substrate; and
an upper polarizing plate on an outer surface of the second substrate,
wherein the lower and upper alignment layers determine an initial alignment state of the liquid crystal layer,
wherein the quantum rod layer comprises:
a photo-induced polymer including a base polymer aligned along a first direction and a photo-reactive group combined to the base polymer; and
a quantum rod aligned along the first direction,
wherein the quantum rod is mixed with the photo-induced polymer to constitute a single layer with the photo-induced polymer,
wherein the quantum rod is uniformly aligned to the first direction by a reaction of the photo-induced polymer,
wherein the light source part has an edge type including a light source and a light guide plate at a side of the light source,
wherein the quantum rod layer directly contacts the light guide plate and the lower polarizing plate,
wherein the photo-reactive group is chemically combined to a main chain and/or a side chain of the base polymer and includes a material having a photo-isomerization reaction; and
wherein the photo-reactive group having the photo-isomerization reaction includes one selected from the group consisting of an azobenzene reacting to a light or a heat according to a following chemical reaction formula 1 and a moiety of a stilbene group reacting to a light or a heat according to a following chemical reaction formula 2:


US Pat. No. 10,795,206

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a liquid crystal panel whose planar shape has a contour at least a part of which includes a curved part; and
a backlight case configured to hold therein a backlight for emitting light to the liquid crystal panel,
the backlight case including a resin part and a sheet metal part which are integrally formed, and
the backlight case having a part which corresponds to the curved part and is formed by the resin part, wherein
the resin part and the sheet metal part are bonded together, and
an area of bonding between the resin part and the sheet metal part accounts for ¼ to ½ of an entire area of the planar shape of the liquid crystal panel in a plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,795,205

PLASTIC FRAME, BACKLIGHT ASSEMBLY AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A plastic frame, comprising:a first frame portion having a surrounding structure; and
a second frame portion, integrated to the first frame portion, having an outer edge part and an inner edge part opposite to the outer edge part, and having a first surface and a second surface opposite to each other,
wherein, the outer edge part of the second frame portion is joined with the first frame portion in such a manner that the first frame portion and the second frame portion are connected to form an L-shaped groove when viewed in a sectional view, and that the first surface of the second frame portion is an inner face of the L-shaped groove and the second surface of the second frame portion is an outer face of the L-shaped groove;
wherein, the inner edge part of the second frame portion has an end face at an end thereof farthest from the outer edge part, a beveled surface extends between the end face of the inner edge part and the first surface, and the beveled surface adjoins the end face of the inner edge part to the first surface;
wherein a holding block for pressing against an optical film is provided on the first surface of the second frame portion adjacent to the beveled surface;
wherein the beveled surface is a rough surface; and
wherein an end of the inner edge part of the second frame portion has a thickness of greater than or equal to approximately 0.2 mm but less than or equal to approximately ½ of an ultimate thickness of the end of the inner edge part of the second frame portion.

US Pat. No. 10,795,204

FLEXIBLE LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY MODULE FOR DOUBLE-SIDE DISPLAY

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A flexible liquid crystal display (LCD) module for double-side display, comprising:a flexible substrate;
a first blue light emitting diode (LED) set and a second blue LED set, arranged on the flexible substrate; the first blue LED set and the second blue LED set being formed by a plurality of blue LEDs arranged at a predetermined pitch; the first blue LED set and the second blue LED being arranged on two opposite surfaces of the flexible substrate; each of the plurality of the blue LEDs in the first blue LED set and the second blue LED set being electrically connected to the flexible substrate;
a first yellow phosphor layer and a second yellow phosphor layer, arranged on the first blue LED set and the second blue LED set, respectively; and
a first flexible LCD panel and a second flexible LCD panel are combined with the flexible substrate through a first fixing material and a second fixing material, respectively;
wherein the first flexible LCD panel comprises a first lower polarizer, a first thin film transistor (TFT) layer, a first color filter, and a first upper polarizer sequentially arranged on a side of the first flexible LCD panel which is bonded with the flexible substrate in a direction away from the flexible substrate; the first upper polarizer, the first color filter, the first TFT layer, and the first lower polarizer are all fabricated by flexible material;
the second flexible LCD panel comprises a second lower polarizer, a second TFT layer, a second color filter, and a second upper polarizer sequentially arranged on a side of the second flexible LCD panel which is bonded with the flexible substrate in a direction away from the flexible substrate; the second upper polarizer, the second color filter, the second TFT layer, and the second lower polarizer are all fabricated by flexible material;
wherein the first fixing material is applied onto a surface of the first yellow phosphor layer and a surface of the first lower polarizer such that the surface of the first yellow phosphor layer and the surface of the first lower polarizer are face-to-face fixed with each other; and the second fixing material is applied onto a surface of the second yellow phosphor layer and a surface of the second lower polarizer such that the surface of the second yellow phosphor layer and the surface of the second lower polarizer are face-to-face fixed with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,795,203

REFLECTIVE LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING A COMPOSITE LAYER FORMED ON A SIDE OF THE BACKLIGHT UNIT AWAY FROM THE DISPLAY PANEL

Beijing BOE Display Techn...

1. A reflective liquid crystal display panel, comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate disposed opposite to the first substrate;
a first polarizer disposed on a side of the first substrate away from the second substrate;
a second polarizer disposed on a side of the second substrate away from the first substrate;
liquid crystals filled between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a light guiding plate having light guiding dots disposed on a side of the first polarizer away from the first substrate;
a side-entry backlight;
a third polarizer laminated on a side of the light guiding plate away from the first polarizer, and having the same polarization direction as the first polarizer;
a composite layer having a mixture of liquid crystals and dichroic dyes; and
a third substrate, wherein a light absorption axis of the third polarizer is orthogonal to a light absorption axis of the composite layer in a display dark state.

US Pat. No. 10,795,202

DISPLAY DEVICES

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. A display device comprising:a plurality of sub-pixels arranged in a first direction and a second direction in a matrix arrangement;
a plurality of first lines extending in the first direction;
a plurality of second lines extending in the second direction;
a plurality of lead-out lines extending in the first direction; and
a plurality of overlap regions, an overlap region from the plurality of overlap regions where a lead-out line from the plurality of lead-out lines and a second line from the plurality of second lines overlap in plan view, wherein
the lead-out line electrically connects to the second line through two or more contact holes formed in the overlap region, the two or more contact holes being formed in an insulating layer between the lead-out line and the second line and being aligned in the first direction,
the second line has an extended portion extending in the first direction and overlapping the lead out line in the overlap region,
at least one of the two or more contact holes overlaps the extended portion, and
the second line is a gate line and the extended portion extends towards both opposite sides of the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,795,201

DISPLAY DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A display device including a see-through panel structure, the display device comprising:a display panel;
a protection plate provided on a front side of the display panel;
an imaging element provided on a back side of the display panel;
a polarizer provided between the display panel and the protection plate;
a transparent material with which a cutout defined in the polarizer is filled; and
an adhesive layer provided between the protection plate and the polarizer, wherein
the transparent material is a UV curable liquid transparent resin;
a first transparent material of the transparent material is laid along a portion of the cutout that extends along an outer periphery of the display device;
the first transparent material is a resin wall defined by being irradiated with an ultraviolet ray to be cured; and
a second transparent material of the transparent material is a member defined by being injected into a portion of the cutout that is surrounded by an inner surface of the polarizer and the resin wall.

US Pat. No. 10,795,200

DISPLAY DEVICE

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A display device, comprising:a display panel comprising a first substrate, a second substrate and an upper polarizer, wherein the first substrate is disposed corresponding to the second substrate, and the upper polarizer is disposed on the second substrate;
a light shielding unit connected to the upper polarizer and a side wall, wherein the side wall is located outside the display panel, and the light shielding unit is between the upper polarizer and the side wall; and
a supporting unit disposed under the light shielding unit, wherein the supporting unit supports the display panel, and at least a part of the supporting unit corresponds to the light shielding unit, wherein a maximum elevation of the side wall is higher than a maximum elevation of a top surface of the display panel, and wherein the light shielding unit has an irregular surface, and in a top view, at least part of the irregular surface has a wavy edge.

US Pat. No. 10,795,199

LIQUID-CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE THEREOF

SHANGHAI TIANMA MICRO-ELE...

1. A liquid-crystal display panel, comprising:a display region and a non-display region surrounding the display region;
a first base, including a first substrate, and a plurality of gate lines, a plurality of data lines, and a plurality of sub-pixels, disposed on the first substrate, wherein the first base includes a plurality of opening regions and a light-shielding region, and each of the plurality of sub-pixels is disposed in a corresponding opening region;
a second base, including a second substrate;
a liquid-crystal layer, disposed between the first base and the second base;
a heating power terminal, disposed in the non-display region, wherein the heating power terminal includes a first heating power terminal for outputting a high voltage and a second heating power terminal for outputting a low voltage; and
at least one heating electrode, disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate and used to heat the liquid-crystal layer, wherein each heating electrode includes at least one sub-electrode disposed in the light-shielding region between adjacent two rows of opening regions, and two ends of the each heating electrode are connected to the first heating power terminal and the second heating power terminal through a jumper metal, respectively, wherein the jumper metal is disposed in the non-display region and has a width narrower than a width of the at least one sub-electrode in a direction perpendicular to the alignment of the jumper metal and the at least one sub-electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,795,198

FEEDBACK CIRCUIT, HEATING CIRCUIT, DISPLAY APPARATUS AND DISPLAY SYSTEM

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A feedback circuit for monitoring a heating loop, comprising a sample input module, a voltage conversion module and a main control chip, wherein an input terminal of the sample input module is coupled to the heating loop and configured to collect a voltage signal from the heating loop, an output terminal of the sample input module is electrically coupled to an input terminal of the voltage conversion module, an output terminal of the voltage conversion module is coupled to an input terminal of the main control chip, the voltage conversion module is configured to convert the voltage signal received from the sample input module into a voltage signal that the main control chip is able to withstand, and the main control chip is configured to send a sample control signal to the heating loop, and calculate and output a magnitude of the voltage signal inputted to the sample input module according to the voltage signal outputted by the voltage conversion module,wherein the voltage conversion module comprises a voltage-regulator tube, an optocoupler and a filter module, which are connected in series; the sample input module comprises a first output terminal coupled to an input terminal of the voltage-regulator tube and a second output terminal coupled to an anode terminal of the optocoupler, the voltage-regulator tube has an output terminal coupled to a cathode terminal of the optocoupler, the optocoupler has an emitting electrode formed as an output terminal of the optocoupler and a collecting electrode coupled to a pull-up signal input terminal, and the filter module has an input terminal connected to the pull-up signal input terminal, a first output terminal coupled to a round terminal of the optocoupler and a second output terminal coupled to the emitting electrode of the optocoupler, and
the voltage-regulator tube is configured to lower the voltage signal collected by the sample input module to a range that the optocoupler is able to withstand, and the optocoupler is configured to further lower a voltage signal outputted by the voltage-regulator tube to a range that the main control chip is able to withstand.

US Pat. No. 10,795,197

LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A liquid crystal panel comprising in the following order from a viewing surface side:an antireflection film;
a circularly polarizing plate including a linearly polarizing plate and an out-cell retarder;
a touch panel including a support and a detection electrode;
a panel substrate; and
an in-cell retarder,
the support having a retardation slow axis that forms an angle of 40° to 50° with a slow axis of the in-cell retarder and with a slow axis of the out-cell retarder,
the support having a retardation of 3 nm or smaller.

US Pat. No. 10,795,196

DISPLAY DEVICE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A display device comprising:a display substrate having a display region; and
conductors arranged outside the display region on the display substrate so as to extend along an outer periphery of the display region, the conductors being configured such that a predetermined voltage is applied thereto and capacitances are formed between the conductors and an object to be detected,
a plurality of ground electrodes that are arranged in the vicinity of the conductors and grounded, wherein
the outer periphery of the display region has a corner portion that is at least partially bent,
the conductors are adapted such that the capacitance formed between the conductors and the object to be detected at the corner portion is adjusted so as to be approximately equal to the capacitances formed between the conductors and the object to be detected in regions other than the corner portion, and
out of the plurality of ground electrodes, the ground electrode arranged in the vicinity of the conductor at the corner portion is located closer to the conductor than the other ground electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,795,195

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A liquid crystal display apparatus in which a liquid crystal panel including a pair of glass substrates is incorporated in a curved shape curved in one curve direction, whereinregarding a density of columnar spacers holding a gap between the pair of glass substrates in a display region of the liquid crystal panel in a state where an external force except for an atmospheric pressure is not applied to a surface of the liquid crystal panel, the density in a region of a central portion in the curve direction is higher than the density of a region of a peripheral portion in the curve direction,
the liquid crystal display apparatus comprising a housing that holds an outer peripheral portion of the liquid crystal panel such that a curvature of the curved shape is variable when the external force is applied to the surface of the liquid crystal panel in a state where a first gap portion is provided between the housing and the liquid crystal panel in the central portion of the liquid crystal panel, and
the liquid crystal panel and the housing are not adhered to one another in the first gap portion.

US Pat. No. 10,795,194

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING PLATE-SHAPED BONDED BODY, BONDING DEVICE, AND PLATE-SHAPED BONDED BODY

DEXERIALS CORPORATION, T...

1. A method for manufacturing a plate-shaped bonded body in which a polarizing plate and a cover glass are bonded, the method comprising:forming, with a transparent resin, a pattern P comprised of a plurality of lines extending over a longitudinal direction of the polarizing plate at specified intervals in a width direction of the polarizing plate;
arranging the cover glass warped by a weight of the cover glass at a central portion in a longitudinal direction of the cover glass above the polarizing plate by separating the cover glass and the polarizing plate at a specified distance;
drawing an approximate pattern N by adhering the transparent resin over surfaces of both the polarizing plate and the cover glass along a most approximate position over a width direction of the polarizing plate and the cover glass;
approximating the polarizing plate and the cover glass to press the transparent resin; and
irradiating ultraviolet rays on the transparent resin for curing after filling the transparent resin over an entire range between the polarizing plate and the cover glass.

US Pat. No. 10,795,193

STRUCTURE OF SHIELD COVER AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a display module comprising a display panel;
a circuit board disposed under a lower surface of the display module;
a connection film electrically connecting the circuit board to a first side of the display panel; and
a shield cover comprising:
a body portion disposed under the circuit board such that the circuit board is disposed between the display panel and the body portion;
a side portion extending in an upward direction from a first side of the body portion along a first side surface of the display module, the first side surface of the display module being adjacent to the first side of the display panel; and
a first support portion protruding in the upward direction from a second side of the body portion adjacent to the first side of the body portion, the first support portion contacting the lower surface of the display module,
wherein the connection film is disposed between the lower surface of the display module and the shield cover.

US Pat. No. 10,795,192

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel comprising a first substrate and a second substrate, the first and second substrates being coupled to each other and facing each other, the first substrate having a pad area that extends outwardly beyond an end portion of the second substrate;
a first polarizing plate attached to the second substrate of the display panel, the first polarizing plate having a first extended portion that extends outwardly beyond the end portion of the second substrate;
a second polarizing plate attached to the first substrate of the display panel, the pad area of the first substrate extending outwardly beyond the end portion of the second polarizing plate, the second polarizing plate having a second extended portion that extends outwardly beyond an end portion of the first substrate;
a side cover layer between the first and second extended portions of the first and second polarizing plates and covering a first side surface of the first substrate and a second side surface of the second substrate that are near the first and second extended portions, respectively; and
a flexible circuit film connected to the pad area of the first substrate and bent to enclose the end portion of the first substrate adjacent to pad area,
wherein the side cover layer is not disposed on the first side surface of the first substrate enclosed by the flexible circuit film.

US Pat. No. 10,795,191

DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING OPTICAL ELEMENT HAVING ADJUSTABLE REFRACTIVE INDEX AND DISPLAY METHOD

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display device, comprising:an optical element comprising a plurality of optical units arranged independent of each other, wherein one or more optical parameters of each of the optical units are adjustable, and the one or more optical parameters comprise at least one of light transmittance or refractive index;
a laser source arranged at a side of the optical element, and configured to emit a laser beam related to a to-be-displayed holographic image; and
a driving circuit configured to adjust the light transmittance and/or refractive index of each of the optical units in accordance with image data about the to-be-displayed holographic image in such a manner that the optical unit is configured to modulate the laser beam or a linearly-polarized light beam acquired by converting the laser beam,
wherein each of the optical units is a liquid crystal unit comprising liquid crystal molecules configured of being deflected under the effect of an electric field,
wherein the optical element comprises; a first substantially transparent substrate and a second substantially transparent substrate arranged opposite to each other; and liquid crystal cell arranged between the first substantially transparent substrate and the second substantially transparent substrate and comprising a plurality of liquid crystal units arranged independent of each other; and a first electrode and a second electrode, wherein the electric field is configured of being generated between the first electrode and the second electrode to drive the liquid crystal molecules in the liquid crystal unit to be deflected,
wherein the optical units are configured to enable the to-be-displayed holographic image to comprise a plurality of fringes having different brightness values, and each of the fringes corresponds to respective at least one optical unit; and the driving circuit is further configured to adjust the refractive index of the respective optical unit corresponding to each of the fringes in accordance with the brightness value of the fringe,
wherein the driving circuit comprises; a calculation unit configured to determine a holographic plate corresponding to the to-be-displayed holographic image in accordance with the image data, and adjust a refractive index of a first optical unit of the plurality of optical units in such a manner that an optical path difference of the linearly-polarized light beam in the liquid crystal cell is equivalent to an optical path difference of the linearly-polarized light beam in the holographic plate,
wherein the holographic plate comprises M regions arranged at each of two sides of a center line of the holographic plate in a widthwise direction, a (2k)th region is a grating grove corresponding to the first optical unit and having a depth of h, nh?h=ned?nod, N steps are arranged in each granting groove, N=2 m, a phase difference between two adjacent ones of the steps is 2?/N, each of the steps has a height of ?/N*(n?1), wherein ? represents a wavelength of a visible light beam, n represents a refractive index of the holographic plate, d represents a thickness of the liquid crystal cell, M is an integer greater than 1, m is an integer greater than or equal to 0, and k is an integer greater than 0 and small than or equal to M.

US Pat. No. 10,795,190

INPUT SENSING UNIT AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE INPUT SENSING UNIT

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An input sensing unit comprising:sensing electrodes disposed in an input-sensing area of the input sensing unit; and
auxiliary electrodes disposed in a supplementary area of the input sensing unit and configured to sense damage occurring in an auxiliary area of the input sensing unit, wherein the supplementary area is adjacent to the input-sensing area, and wherein the auxiliary area is part of the supplementary area,
wherein the auxiliary electrodes comprise a first auxiliary electrode and a second auxiliary electrode,
wherein the first auxiliary electrode forms an auxiliary capacitor with the second auxiliary electrode, and
wherein a capacitance of the auxiliary capacitor depends on a state of the auxiliary area.

US Pat. No. 10,795,189

ELECTRO-OPTICAL PHASE MODULATOR

STMicroelectronics (Croll...

1. An electro-optical phase modulator, comprising:a waveguide including a stack of:
a first strip made of a doped semiconductor material of a first conductivity type;
a second strip made of one of a conductive material or a doped semiconductor material of a second conductivity type;
a third strip made of a doped semiconductor material of the first conductivity type;
wherein a thickness of the second strip is smaller than one fifth of a thickness of the first strip and smaller than one fifth of a thickness of the third strip;
a first interface layer made of a dielectric material separating the second strip from the first strip; and
a second interface layer made of a dielectric material separating the third strip from the second strip.

US Pat. No. 10,795,188

THERMALLY ENHANCED FAST OPTICAL PHASE SHIFTER

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF T...

1. An optical phase shifter comprising:a waveguide;
a heating element adapted to supply heat to the waveguide and positioned along a first side of the waveguide; and
a cooling element adapted to cool the waveguide and positioned along a second side of the waveguide, wherein said heating element is integrated within a substrate in which the waveguide is formed.

US Pat. No. 10,795,187

PASS-THROUGH SEAL FOR AN ELECTRO-OPTIC ASSEMBLY

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. An electro-optic assembly comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate opposite the first substrate;
a seal disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate, wherein the seal, the first substrate, and the second substrate define an interior cavity;
a first opening, having a first cross-section, defined by the first substrate;
a second opening, having a second cross-section, defined by the second substrate, wherein the first opening and the second opening are in fluid communication with the interior cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,795,186

ENHANCEMENT OF FORWARD SCATTERING, SUPPRESSION OF BACKSCATTERING, AND SPECTRAL TUNING OF OPTICAL HEDGEHOG PARTICLES

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. An optical device comprising:an optical material comprising a plurality of microparticles, wherein each respective microparticle comprises a core region and a plurality of needles defining a shell region fully surrounding the core region, wherein the core region is formed of a first material having a first refractive index and the plurality of needles is connected to and substantially orthogonal to a surface of the core region so that the plurality of needles fully surrounds the core region, wherein the plurality of needles comprise a second material having a second refractive index and each respective needle of the plurality has an average length of less than or equal to about 750 nm, wherein the optical material enhances forward scattering of a predetermined wavelength of light, while suppressing backscattering the predetermined wavelength of light.

US Pat. No. 10,795,185

CONNECTOR, ASSISTIVE DEVICE AND WEARABLE DEVICE

NEXTVPU (SHANGHAI) CO., L...

1. An assistive device comprising a connector for mounting the assistive device to a wearable body, the connector comprising:a first connecting component provided with a first magnetic component; and
a second connecting component provided with a second magnetic component, wherein the first magnetic component and the second magnetic component are structured to be magnetically attached to each other;
wherein the second connecting component is structured to rotate by an angle relative to the first connecting component in a plane perpendicular to a direction of magnetic attraction; and
wherein the first connecting component comprises an annular or partially annular sliding groove, and the second magnetic component is structured to slide in the sliding groove to define an axis of rotation around which the second connecting component rotates relative to the first connecting component.

US Pat. No. 10,795,184

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR IMPROVING, AUGMENTING OR ENHANCING VISION

Evergaze, Inc., Richards...

1. A computerized method comprising:providing a wearable apparatus proximate to a first eye of a person such that a second eye of the person is unobstructed, the wearable apparatus comprising a first camera configured to acquire a first image of a scene facing away from the first eye, a second camera configured to acquire a second image of the first eye, one or more sensors comprising a motion sensor and an ambient light sensor, a microdisplay configured to display a modified first image to the first eye, and one or more processors communicably coupled to the first camera, the second camera, the one or more sensors and the microdisplay, and wherein the wearable apparatus is sized to maintain a peripheral vision of the first eye;
acquiring the first image of the scene using the first camera;
acquiring the second image of the first eye using the second camera;
determining an eye gaze angle based on the second image using the one or more processors;
modifying the first image based on one or more vision improvement parameters and a data from the one or more sensors, and offsetting the first image by an image offset based the eye gaze angle using the one or more processors; and
displaying the modified first image on the microdisplay.

US Pat. No. 10,795,183

ENHANCED OPTICAL AND PERCEPTUAL DIGITAL EYEWEAR

Percept Technologies Inc,...

1. A wearable optics device includinga lens; and
a dynamic eye tracking mechanism in communication with the lens;
wherein the dynamic eye tracking mechanism utilizes optical parameter measurements;
wherein the optical parameter measurements include any of ciliary measurements, pupil measurements, corneal measurements, eye lens measurements, iris measurements, eye lid measurements, or retina measurements;
wherein parameters personalized to a user can be provided based upon the dynamic eye tracking mechanism;
wherein the wearable optics device is responsive to one or more of: eye/head movements or facial gestures, or hand or finger movements or gestures;
wherein an augmented reality overlay is presented at a location determined independent of an external device;
wherein information is not disposed on the lens.

US Pat. No. 10,795,182

PROSTHETIC LENSES AND METHODS OF MAKING THE SAME

EyePrint Prosthetics LLC,...

1. An apparatus comprising:a lens configured to be disposed on an eye, wherein the lens comprises:
a front lens surface;
a back lens surface configured to engage a feature of a sclera of the eye to provide rotational stability of the lens on the eye; and
an optical axis, and
wherein the optical axis is not aligned with a corneal apical axis of the eye.

US Pat. No. 10,795,181

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR LIMITING GROWTH OF EYE LENGTH

The Medical College of Wi...

1. A therapeutic treatment method for preventing, ameliorating, or reversing eye-length-related disorders, the therapeutic treatment method comprising:identifying, in a patient, a disorder of a patient's eye, said disorder being an eye-length-related disorder; and
inhibiting further lengthening of the patient's eye by providing the patient with a therapeutic device comprising a first ophthalmic lens, the first ophthalmic lens comprising:
a first area of the first ophthalmic lens including a plurality of first elements selected from the group consisting of:
(i) bumps on a surface of the first lens;
(ii) depressions on the surface of the first lens;
(iii) first translucent inclusions in a first lens material; and
(iv) first transparent inclusions in the first lens material, the first transparent inclusions having a refractive index different from that of the first lens material,
wherein the elements are dot-shaped elements having a non-zero dot density in a range between 0 and 8 dots per mm2.

US Pat. No. 10,795,179

ELASTIC HINGE FOR EYEGLASS FRAMES

VISCOTTICA INDUSTRIE S.p....

1. An elastic hinge for eyeglass frames, which comprises:a first articulation element (4), intended to be mechanically associated with a first component of an eyeglass frame and provided with at least one projecting head portion (9A), having a corresponding first hole (90A);
a second articulation element (5), intended to be mechanically associated with a second component of the eyeglass frame and comprising at least one first tab (5A) and a second tab (5B), which are respectively provided with a second hole (50A) and with a third hole (50B) and delimit therebetween at least one slit (14), in which said head portion (9A) is inserted;
a containment structure (10) extended along a longitudinal axis (Y), intended to be mechanically associated with one of said first components and second components of the eyeglass frame,
an elastic device (7), which is housed within said containment structure (10), is slidable along said longitudinal axis (Y) and comprises at least one spring (11) elastically acting on said head portion (9A);
an articulation screw (6) engaged in said first hole (90A), second hole (50A) and third hole (50B), which are aligned with each other along a hinging axis (X), in order to rotatably couple together said first articulation element (4) and said second articulation element (5);
wherein said articulation screw (6) comprises a head (60) and a shank (61), wherein said shank (61) is provided:
with a first end (62) connected to said head (60);
with a second free end (63) opposite said head (60);
with at least one narrow annular portion (61A), which is engaged in the second hole (50A) of the first tab (5A) of said second articulation element (5), is extended for a first section of said shank (61) starting from the first end (62) of said shank (61),
with at least one enlarged annular portion (61B), which is engaged in the first hole (90A) of the head portion (9A) of said first articulation element (4), is extended for a second section of said shank (61) adjacent to the first section starting from said narrow annular portion (61A), forming a step (70); the enlarged annular portion (61B) of the shank (61) of said articulation screw (6) being subjected to the transverse elastic force of said elastic device (7) through said head portion (9A);
with at least one threaded portion (61C), which is engaged in a nut screw (75) made in the third hole (50B) of the second tab (5B) of said second articulation element (5), and is placed between said enlarged annular portion (61B) and said second free end (63);
wherein said articulation screw (6) is susceptible of assuming a blocking position (P2), in which said articulation screw (6) is loosened and is tilted with respect to the hinging axis (X) of said first hole (90A), second hole (50A) and third hole (50B), in response to said transverse elastic force, with the step (70) of said enlarged annular portion (61B) which interferes with an internal annular edge (71) of the second hole (50A) of the first tab (5A) of said second articulation element (5), preventing a further unscrewing of said articulation screw (6);
wherein the second hole (50A) of said second tab (5A) receives the narrow annular portion (61A) of the shank (61) of said articulation screw (6) with a clearance (G) of value designed for tilting said articulation screw (6) in said blocking position (P2) with said step (70) in interference against the internal annular edge (71) of the second hole (50A) of the first tab (5A) of said second articulation element (5).

US Pat. No. 10,795,178

DEVICE FOR MIXED REALITY

AMTRAN TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

1. A device for mixed reality, comprising:a base;
a curved mirror having a concave surface, a convex surface opposite to the concave surface, and a light transmissive medium between the concave surface and the convex surface;
a first holder disposed on the base, the first holder being disposed in front of the concave surface and within a focal length of the curved mirror, and configured to support a portable apparatus to be oriented at an angle;
a second holder disposed on the base and supporting the curved mirror to face the portable apparatus; and
a screw fastened to a top surface of the base and located between the first holder and the second holder, wherein a protruding height of the screw from the top surface of the base is changeable.

US Pat. No. 10,795,177

PRISM SHEET FOR AUTO-STEREOSCOPIC 3D DISPLAY AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A prism sheet for a glasses-free 3D display, which is provided on an upper surface of a liquid crystal display panel, the prism sheet comprises:a plurality of prisms arranged in parallel,
wherein each of the plurality of prisms comprises,
a central portion including an upper surface and a lower surface that are parallel to each other, the central portion including a width corresponding to at least two subpixel columns of the liquid crystal display panel;
a left inclined portion provided on a left side of the central portion, the left inclined portion configured to refract an image formed by a left half subpixel column of a plurality of subpixel columns covered by the central portion, wherein the image formed by the left half subpixel column is visible to a user; and
a right inclined portion provided on a right side of the central portion, the right inclined portion configured to refract an image formed by a right half subpixel column of the plurality of subpixel columns covered by the central portion, wherein the image formed by the right half subpixel column is visible to the user,
wherein the plurality of prisms are arranged so that a left inclined portion of a first prism and a right inclined portion of a second prism are in contact with each other, and
wherein the left inclined portion includes a width corresponding to at least one subpixel column and the right inclined portion includes a width corresponding to at least one subpixel column.

US Pat. No. 10,795,176

THREE-DIMENSIONAL DISPLAY ADAPTED FOR VIEWERS WITH A DOMINANT EYE

3D MEDIA LTD, Chai Wan (...

1. A 3D imaging system, comprising:a display section comprising a display panel and a parallax sheet disposed over the display panel, the parallax sheet comprising a plurality of parallax separating units, each parallax separating unit has a unit width;
an electronic processor arranged to compose a composite image from a plurality of images, said plurality of images comprise a first image and a second image and to convey signals indicative of the composite image to the display panel for displaying a displayed image indicative of the composite image, the composite image comprising composite image strips including a plurality of first image strips and second image strips alternately arranged, the first image strips indicative of the first image and the second image strips indicative of the second image, each of the first and second image strips has a strip width substantially equal to one half of the unit width, wherein the 3D imaging system is operable at least in a first display mode and in a second display mode, and
a switch having a sensor area electronically linked to the electronic processor, the switch having a switch position operable to cause the electronic processor to change relative position between the composite image strips of the composite image and the parallax separating units of the parallax sheet for switching the 3D imaging system between the first display mode and the second display mode, wherein when the 3D imaging system is operated in the first display mode, the composite image is arranged such that each of parallax separating units substantially covers one of the first image strips and one half of each of two second image strips adjacent to said one of the first image strips, and when the 3D imaging system is operated in the second display mode, the electronic processor is caused to carry out an electronic shifting of the relative position between the composite image strips of the composite image and the parallax separating units of the parallax sheet such that each of parallax separating unit substantially covers one of the second image strips and one half of each of two first image strips adjacent to said one of the second image strips.

US Pat. No. 10,795,175

IMAGING LENS AND IMAGING DEVICE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An optical apparatus comprising:an imaging optical system including a plurality of lenses;
a movable member that holds at least one lens of the plurality of lenses and that is movable in a direction intersecting with an optical axis of the imaging optical system;
a stationary member that supports the movable member with a restriction of movement in the direction intersecting with the optical axis of the imaging optical system;
a permanent magnet provided on one of the movable member and the stationary member;
a coil provided on the other of the movable member and the stationary member, the coil being arranged facing the permanent magnet;
a mount section that is attachable to a body provided with an imaging element; and
a conductive member arranged between the coil and the mount section and including a first surface facing the coil,
wherein the first surface of the conductive member overlaps with at least a part of the coil in a planar view from the mount section in a direction of the optical axis,
wherein the conductive member includes a second surface slanted with respect to the first surface wherein the second surface of the conductive member is provided at an edge of the first surface, and
wherein the second surface of the conductive member is provided at an edge of the first surface.

US Pat. No. 10,795,174

FLAT-TOP NARROW BANDPASS FILTERS BASED ON CASCADED RESONANT GRATINGS

1. A double-grating bandpass filter comprising:a first zero-contrast resonant grating having a periodic pattern and a first homogeneous sublayer,
an interlayer having a first side, a second side, a thickness and an index of refraction, said first zero-contrast resonant grating being disposed on a first side of said interlayer,
a second zero-contrast resonant grating and second homogeneous sublayer identical or nearly identical to the first zero-contrast resonant grating and first homogeneous sublayer on said second side of said interlayer,
wherein the first zero-contrast grating, the interlayer, and the second grating combined form a band pass filter cascade unit fashioned to receive incident light to be filtered,
such that when a narrow spectrum of light is transmitted through the cascade unit, adjacent wavelengths are blocked by the cascade unit so as to output a bandpass spectrum.

US Pat. No. 10,795,173

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPTIMALLY FORMING GRATINGS OF DIFFRACTED OPTICAL ELEMENTS

Varian Semiconductor Equi...

1. A method of forming an optical grating component, comprising:providing an optical grating layer atop a substrate;
providing a patterned hardmask atop the optical grating layer; and
etching the optical grating layer and the hardmask to form an optical grating in the optical grating layer, wherein the optical grating comprises a plurality of angled components disposed at a non-zero angle of inclination with respect to a perpendicular to a plane of the substrate, and wherein the etching results in a width of the patterned hardmask being reduced faster than a height to form first and second sidewalls of the optical grating having different angles.

US Pat. No. 10,795,172

APPARATUS AND METHOD OF COMBINING MULTIPLE LASER BEAMS USING A NEGATIVE FOCAL LENGTH RADIAL GRADIENT INDEX ROD LENS

1. An apparatus for combining multiple laser beams comprising:a) a radial gradient-index lens having a negative focal-length and having an input face and an exit face;
b) at least two lasers producing two laser beams; and
c) a lens array positioned between said at least two lasers and said input face of said radial gradient-index lens; wherein when said at least two laser beams exit said radial gradient-index lens, said at least two laser beams are collimated within said radial gradient-index lens.

US Pat. No. 10,795,171

OPTICAL-FIBER ATOMIC LIGHT-FILTERING APPARATUS

Wuhan Institute of Physic...

1. An optical-fiber atomic light-filtering apparatus, comprisingan optical-fiber coupling focusing collimating mirror,
a pure iron frame shaped like a Chinese character “” the pure iron frame shaped like the Chinese character “” further comprising a closed pure iron outer frame and a holed pure iron partition plate arranged in a middle of the pure iron outer frame, wherein the holed pure iron partition plate is provided with through holes, and the pure iron frame shaped like the Chinese character “” is partitioned by the holed pure iron partition plate into an upper cavity and a lower cavity,
a heat preservation box being arranged in the pure iron outer frame, wherein the heat preservation box is partitioned by the holed pure iron partition plate into an upper heat preservation box body and a lower heat preservation box body, the upper heat preservation box body is arranged in the upper cavity, the lower heat preservation box body is arranged in the lower cavity, and the upper heat preservation box body is communicated with the lower heat preservation box body via the through holes on the holed pure iron partition plate,
a first capillary atomic cell, the first capillary atomic cell being arranged in the upper heat preservation box body and having a first end and a second end,
a second capillary atomic cell, the second capillary atomic cell being arranged in the lower heat preservation box body and having a first end and a second end,
a first armored twisted-pair heating wire being arranged outside the first capillary atomic cell,
a second armored twisted-pair heating wire being arranged outside the second capillary atomic cell, wherein the first armored twisted-pair heating wire is connected with the second armored twisted-pair heating wire,
an armored twisted-pair heating wire formed by the connection of the first armored twisted-pair heating wire and the second armored twisted-pair heating wire,
a thermostat being connected with the armored twisted-pair heating wire through a cable,
a temperature sensor being connected with the thermostat and being arranged in the heat preservation box,
a first permanent magnetic ring and a second permanent magnetic ring, wherein the first permanent magnetic ring and the second permanent magnetic ring are arranged in the upper cavity and respectively located at two ends of the first capillary atomic cell,
a third permanent magnetic ring and a fourth permanent magnetic ring, wherein the third permanent magnetic ring and the fourth permanent magnetic ring are arranged in the lower cavity and respectively located at two ends of the second capillary atomic cell,
a first polarizing optical fiber having a first end and a second end, wherein the first end of the first polarizing optical fiber is connected with the optical-fiber coupling focusing collimating mirror, and the second end of the first polarizing optical fiber sequentially penetrate through the pure iron frame shaped like the Chinese character “,” an inner hole of the first permanent magnetic ring, and the upper heat preservation box body to be connected with the first end of the first capillary atomic cell,
a second polarizing optical fiber having a first end and a second end, wherein the first end of the second polarizing optical fiber sequentially penetrate through the pure iron frame shaped like the Chinese character “,” an inner hole of the second permanent magnetic ring, and the upper heat preservation box body to be connected with the second end of the first capillary atomic cell, and the second end of the second polarizing optical fiber sequentially penetrates through the pure iron frame shaped like the Chinese character “,” an inner hole of the third permanent magnetic ring, and the lower heat preservation box body to be connected to the first end of the second capillary atomic cell, and
a third polarizing optical fiber having a first end and a second end, wherein the first end of the third polarizing optical fiber sequentially penetrates through the pure iron frame shaped like the Chinese character “,” the fourth permanent magnetic ring, and the lower heat preservation box body to be connected with the second end of the second capillary atomic cell, and
a photoelectric detector, the photoelectric detector being connected to the second end of the third polarizing optical fiber.

US Pat. No. 10,795,170

MULTI-CHANNEL OPTICAL MULTIPLEXER OR DEMULTIPLEXER

II-VI Delaware Inc., Wil...

1. A method comprising:passing a first combined optical signal through a first zigzag demultiplexer from a first reflecting surface to an opposite surface that is spaced apart from and parallel to the first reflecting surface, the first combined optical signal including a first optical signal having a first center wavelength, a second optical signal having a second center wavelength, a third optical signal having a third center wavelength, and a fourth optical signal having a fourth center wavelength;
receiving, at an edge filter attached to the opposite surface of the first zigzag demultiplexer, the first combined optical signal;
separating, at the edge filter, the first combined optical signal into a second combined optical signal and a third combined optical signal based on wavelength, wherein the second combined optical signal includes the first optical signal and the second optical signal, and the third combined optical signal includes the third optical signal and the fourth optical signal, wherein the separating includes:
redirecting, at the edge filter, the second combined optical signal toward the first reflecting surface of the first zigzag demultiplexer; and
passing the third combined optical signal through the edge filter toward a light redirector,
redirecting, at the light redirector, the third combined optical signal toward a second zigzag demultiplexer, including redirecting the third combined optical signal in plane with the second combined optical signal and toward a second reflecting surface of the second zigzag demultiplexer;
separating, at the first zigzag demultiplexer, the second combined optical signal into the first optical signal on a first optical path and the second optical signal on a second optical path based on the first center wavelength and the second center wavelength, including separating the second combined optical signal into the first optical signal and the second optical signal at an optical filter coupled linearly with the edge filter to the opposite surface of the first zigzag demultiplexer; and
separating, at the second zigzag demultiplexer, the third combined optical signal into the third optical signal on a third optical path and the fourth optical signal on a fourth optical path based on the third center wavelength and the fourth center wavelength, including separating the third combined optical signal into the third optical signal and the fourth optical signal at an optical filter coupled to a surface of the second zigzag demultiplexer that is parallel to and spaced apart from the second reflecting surface.

US Pat. No. 10,795,169

LASER HOMOGENIZING AND BEAM SHAPING ILLUMINATION OPTICAL SYSTEM AND METHOD

Palo Alto Research Center...

1. An illumination optical system, comprising:a multichannel fiber cable including an input end and an output end, the input end having a plurality of individual optical fibers that are optically coupled into a single output aligned array of the individual optical fibers at the output end, the multichannel fiber cable adapted to collect light from multiple individual lasers having the same wavelength and polarization characteristics and to output an optically combined light from the output end of the multichannel fiber cable;
a collimator lens that collimates the light from the output end of the multichannel fiber cable; and
a multiple lens array including multiple individual optical elements having curved surfaces that spatially divides the collimated light relayed from the collimator lens and shapes the light into a spatially transformed light having an array of beams or beamlets in at least one dimension, the multiple lens array configured to divide the collimated light into sections,
wherein the output end of the multichannel fiber cable, the collimator lens and the multiple lens array are aligned along an axis corresponding to the direction of the optically combined light from the output end of the multichannel fiber cable.

US Pat. No. 10,795,168

TRANSMISSIVE METASURFACE LENS INTEGRATION

Metalenz, Inc., Boston, ...

1. A method for fabricating one or more metasurface elements or systems comprising:depositing a hard mask material layer on at least one surface of a substrate, wherein the substrate is transparent to light over a specified operational bandwidth;
depositing a pattern material layer on the hard mask material layer;
patterning the pattern material to form an array pattern atop the hard mask layer, the array pattern comprising one of either a positive or negative reproduction of a metasurface feature array, the metasurface feature array comprising a plurality of metasurface features having feature sizes smaller than the wavelength of light within the specified operational bandwidth and configured to impose a phase shift on impinging light within the plane of plurality of metasurface features;
etching the hard mask layer using an anisotropic etch process to form a plurality of voids and raised features corresponding to the array pattern in the hard mask;
removing any residual pattern material from atop the hard mask layer; and
depositing a dielectric metasurface material layer on the patterned hard mask material layer such that the metasurface material layer fills the voids in the hard mask material layer and extends above the raised features of the hard mask material layer forming an over-layer of metasurface material atop the hard mask layer; and
planarizing the over-layer such that the metasurface material layer and the hard mask layer terminate at a uniform height above the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,795,167

VIDEO DISPLAY SYSTEM, VIDEO DISPLAY METHOD, NON-TRANSITORY STORAGE MEDIUM, AND MOVING VEHICLE FOR PROJECTING A VIRTUAL IMAGE ONTO A TARGET SPACE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A video display system comprising:a display configured to display an image thereon;
a projector configured to project a virtual image, corresponding to the image, onto a target space with outgoing light of the display; and
a display controller configured to:
perform change processing of changing, in accordance with at least one of a projection distance or an angle of depression, specifics of sway correction for correcting sway of the virtual image with respect to the target space, the projection distance being a distance from a viewpoint of a user, who is viewing the virtual image projected onto the target space, to the virtual image, the angle of depression being an angle from which the virtual image is viewed from the user's viewpoint, and
enhance, during the change processing, a strength of the sway correction as the projection distance increases.

US Pat. No. 10,795,166

HEAD UP DISPLAY SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

PEGATRON CORPORATION, Ta...

1. A head up display system for a vehicle, comprising:an eye tracking device, configured to pre-locate an initial gaze position of a driver of the vehicle before the vehicle starts moving, and to detect a gaze position of the driver in real time; and
a head up display device, comprising:
a projector, configured to project a display image; and
a processor, coupled to the eye tracking device and the projector, wherein the processor compares the gaze position with the initial gaze position, and controls the projector to project the display image onto a first projection position or a second projection position according to a comparison result, wherein the first projection position corresponds to the initial gaze position and the second projection position corresponds to the gaze position,
wherein the first projection position and the second projection position are below the initial gaze position and below the gaze position, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,795,165

MULTIPLE WAVEGUIDE STRUCTURE FOR COLOUR DISPLAYS

BAE SYSTEMS plc, London ...

1. An optical system for a colour head up display, the optical system comprising:a first waveguide for guiding a first set of optical wavelengths of image light, the first waveguide comprising a first input coupling component for coupling the first set of optical wavelengths of the image light from the image projection system into the first waveguide such that the first set of optical wavelengths of the image light is guided by the first waveguide towards the exit pupil along an axis of propagation; and
a second waveguide for guiding a second set of optical wavelengths of the image light, the second waveguide comprising a second input coupling component for coupling the second set of optical wavelengths of the image light from the image projection system into the second waveguide such that the second set of optical wavelengths of the image light is guided by the second waveguide towards the exit pupil along the axis of propagation;
wherein the first input coupling component of the first waveguide and second input coupling component of the second waveguide are offset from each other along the axis of propagation such that each input coupling component can be independently illuminated by one or more image projection systems.

US Pat. No. 10,795,164

DIFFRACTIVE OPTICS BEAM SHAPING FOR STRUCTURED LIGHT GENERATOR

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A structured light generator comprising:an illumination source configured to emit an optical beam;
an acousto-optic device that generates a structured light pattern from the optical beam, the acoustic-optic device being configured to function as a dynamic diffraction grating that diffracts the optical beam to form the structured light pattern; and
a projection assembly configured to:
receive the structured light pattern having a beam profile from the acousto-optic device,
modify the beam profile of the structured light pattern to increase uniformity of the beam profile in a projection of the structured light pattern, and
project the modified structured light pattern into a local area.

US Pat. No. 10,795,163

DISPLAY DEVICE AND WEARABLE EQUIPMENT

BEIJING BOE OPTOELECTRONI...

1. A display device, comprising: a transparent display screen, and a first lens group configured to converge light, and a second lens group configured to diffuse light, wherein the second lens group and the first lens group are located on both sides of the transparent display screen, respectively; and the main optical axis of the first lens group coincides with a main optical axis of the second lens group;wherein, the transparent display screen intersects a main optical axis of the first lens group, a distance between the transparent display screen and the first lens group along the main optical axis of the first lens group is less than a focal length of the first lens group, such that, both a display image on the transparent display screen and an environmental image through the transparent display screen and the first lens group or through the first lens group can be observed at an observation position that is located on the main optical axis of the first lens group; wherein both the observation position and the first lens group are located at a same side of the transparent display screen, and the observation position is farther from the transparent display screen than the first lens group;
wherein each of the first lens groups and the second lens group comprises one or more liquid crystal lenses, and the liquid crystal lens has an adjustable focal power; wherein the liquid crystal lens has a flat plate structure.

US Pat. No. 10,795,162

IMAGE DISPLAYABLE EYEGLASSES

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. Image displayable eyeglasses comprising:an eyeglass body;
a first transmissive optical element that transmits an image of a subject and is capable of changing a refractive power;
a second transmissive optical element that displays or reflects an image using an image signal and transmits the image of the subject; and
a processor that performs control capable of switching between an image display mode, in which the image is displayed or reflected by the second transmissive optical element so as to be incident on eyes of a wearer of the eyeglass body, and an eyeglass mode, in which the image of the subject transmitted through the first transmissive optical element and the second transmissive optical element is incident on the eyes of the wearer,
wherein the first transmissive optical element is disposed closer to the wearer than the second transmissive optical element,
wherein the processor controls a refractive index of the second transmissive optical element uniformly in the case of the eyeglass mode,
wherein the processor acquires information about a brightness of surrounding environment of the wearer and switches from the eyeglass mode to the image display mode in a case where the brightness is equal to or less than a preset first threshold value,
wherein the processor performs switching from the eyeglass mode to the image display mode in a case where the brightness is changed to equal to or less than a second threshold value smaller than the first threshold value in a state where the brightness is greater than the first threshold value and the eyeglass mode is set, and performs switching from the image display mode to the eyeglass mode in a case where the brightness is changed to greater than a third threshold value greater than the first threshold value in a state where the brightness is equal to or less than the first threshold and the image display mode is set.

US Pat. No. 10,795,161

PSEUDO PHASE CONJUGATE IMAGE TRANSFER DEVICE

The Arizona Board of Rege...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a first image guide having an input, an output, and an optical axis, the first image guide being situated to receive a ray bundle through the input and to propagate the ray bundle so that a first portion of the ray bundle exits the output at a first portion angle with respect to the first image guide optical axis and a second portion of the ray bundle exits the output at a second portion angle opposite the first portion angle with respect to the optical axis;
a retro-reflector situated to receive the first and second ray bundle portions and to reflect the respective portions along their respective propagation paths incident onto the retro-reflector;
a beam splitter having a beam splitter plane, the beam splitter being situated to receive the reflected first and second ray bundle portions from the retro-reflector and to reflect the first and second ray bundle portions at a beam splitter plane; and
a second image guide having an input, output, and optical axis, and situated to receive the first and second ray bundle portions reflected from the beam splitter plane.

US Pat. No. 10,795,160

SYSTEMS FOR AND METHODS OF USING FOLD GRATINGS FOR DUAL AXIS EXPANSION

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A near eye optical display, comprising:a waveguide comprising a first surface and a second surface, an input coupler, a first fold grating, and a first output grating, wherein the input coupler is configured to receive collimated light from a first display source and to cause the light to travel within the waveguide via total internal reflection between the first surface and the second surface to the first fold grating, the first fold grating disposed on a diagonal with respect to a direction of propagation of the light received by the first fold grating, and wherein the first fold grating is configured to provide pupil expansion in a first direction and to direct the light to the first output grating via total internal reflection between the first surface and the second surface, and wherein the first output grating is configured to provide pupil expansion in a second direction different than the first direction and to cause the light to exit the waveguide from the first surface or the second surface, wherein the light associated with the first fold grating and the first output grating exits the waveguide to form a first image tile, wherein light associated with a second fold grating and a second output grating exits the waveguide to form a second image tile, wherein the first image tile and the second image tile are equal-sized image tiles that form a first part of a single composite image, wherein a second part of the single composite image is formed by two additional equal-sized image tiles provided by a second display source, one of the additional equal-size image tiles being expanded by a third fold grating corresponding with a third output grating, the other additional equal-sized image tile being expanded by a fourth fold grating corresponding with a fourth output grating, and wherein a perceivable display size of the single composite image is greater than a perceivable display size of any one of the first image tile, the second image tile, the two additional equal-sized image tiles, the first part of the single composite image, and the second part of the single composite image.

US Pat. No. 10,795,159

MICRO DISPLAY DRIVING SUBSTRATE FOR HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY

RAONTECH INC., Gyeonggi-...

1. A micro display driving substrate for a head-mounted display (HMD) terminal unit worn by a user, the micro display driving substrate comprising:an LCoS (Liquid Crystal on Silicone) pixel array configured of one or more first electrode lines arranged while keeping a predetermined distance and one or more second electrode lines arranged to intersect with the first electrode lines while keeping a predetermined distance;
a data driving circuit for supplying the video data converted into an analog signal to the first electrode lines of the LCoS pixel array;
a line driving circuit for receiving the video control signal and providing a line selection signal for selecting a second electrode line so that the video data stored on the first electrode lines for a predetermined time period may be transferred to and stored in a pixel of a relevant line; and
a support control circuit for driving a light source needed to display an image, while controlling an on/off time and brightness of the light source,
the support control circuit including
a lens control circuit for outputting a lens control signal for controlling a lens arranged in the HMD terminal unit,
a light source control circuit for driving a light source needed to display an image, while controlling an on/off time and brightness of the light source,
a differential signal receiver circuit for receiving the video data and the video control signal converted into the differential signals, converting the video data and the video control signal into transistor-transistor logic (TTL) or low voltage complementary metal oxide semiconductor (LVCMOS) signals, and providing the TTL or LVCMOS signals to the data driving circuit and the line driving circuit, respectively,
a serial communication circuit for supporting a protocol needed between the micro display driving substrate and the terminal control circuit through a serial communication,
an audio processing circuit for processing an audio data provided together with the video data and retransmitting the audio data to an audio digital to analog converter and a user,
a radio frequency (RF) communication circuit for wirelessly transmitting and receiving the video data, the video control signal and a control signal for controlling the HMD terminal unit, which are compressed in a certain format,
wherein the support control circuit forms the differential signal receiving circuit, the lens control circuit, the light source control circuit, the serial communication circuit, the audio processing circuit, and the RF communication circuit to be embedded in the micro display driving substrate; and wherein the LCoS pixel array, the data driving circuit, the line driving circuit and the support control circuit to be embedded in the micro display driving substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,795,158

METHOD FOR DUAL HARMONIZATION OF A DDP POSTURE-DETECTING SUBSYSTEM INTEGRATED INTO A WORN/BORNE HEAD-UP VIEWING SYSTEM

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

1. A method for dual harmonization of a DDP posture-detecting subsystem integrated into a worn/borne head-up viewing system,the worn/borne head-up viewing system being located on-board a carrier vehicle and comprising:
a transparent worn/borne head-up viewing device Dv,
an exterior reference device Dref having an exterior reference coordinate system Rref, that is a coordinate system of the carrier vehicle or a local geographic coordinate system or a terrestrial coordinate system;
the DDP posture-detecting subsystem comprising:
a tracking solid first element S1 tightly attached to the transparent worn/borne head-up viewing device Dv; and
a fixed solid second element S2 tightly joined to the exterior reference device Dref, wherein the DDP posture-detecting subsystem is configured to measure and determine a relative orientation K of the tracking solid first element S1 with respect to the fixed solid second element S2,
a dual harmonization subsystem configured to harmonize the worn/borne head-up viewing system and the DDP posture-detecting subsystem,
the method for dual harmonization comprising:
in a first step, a series of a preset number N of measurements of relative orientations Ki, i varying from 1 to N, of the tracking solid first element S1 with respect to the fixed solid second element S2 of the DDP posture-detecting subsystem, corresponding to different targeting actions Vi, i varying from 1 to N, that are carried out, in which measurements of one or more different preset elements of pilot/driver information displayed in the transparent worn/borne head-up viewing device Dv are superposed or aligned with one or more corresponding landmarks of a real outside world, theoretical rotation matrices Ûi of which in the exterior reference coordinate system are known; then
in a second step, and using a dual harmonization algorithm, conjointly calculating a relative orientation matrix R(S1/v) of the tracking solid first element S1 of the DDP posture-detecting subsystem with respect to the transparent worn/borne head-up viewing device Dv and/or a relative orientation matrix R(ref/S2) of the exterior reference device Dref with respect to the fixed solid second element S2 of the DDP posture-detecting subsystem to respectively be a right-side bias rotation matrix D and a left-side bias rotation matrix ?, which are conjoint solutions of a system of dual harmonization equations: Ûi=?·Ki·D, i varying from 1 to N.

US Pat. No. 10,795,157

DISPLAY DEVICE FOR VEHICLE

NIPPON SEIKI CO., LTD., ...

1. A vehicle display device, comprising:a display part provided with a display that generates display light of an image representing vehicle information and a reflector that reflects the display light, and capable of displaying the display light as a virtual image;
a rotation-driver capable of driving the reflector to rotate about a predetermined shaft;
an estimator that estimates that a vehicle is to be started by a vehicle occupant;
a determiner that determines whether driving of the vehicle has been started actually; and
a controller that controls a rotational angle of the rotation-driver, wherein
the controller controls the rotation-driver so that, when driving of the vehicle is to be started, the rotational angle is moved from an initial angle corresponding to an initial position of the reflector to a first intermediate angle between the initial angle and a final angle corresponding to a normal operation position of the reflector, and
the controller controls the rotation-driver so that, after driving of the vehicle is started actually, the rotational angle is moved from the first intermediate angle to the final angle.

US Pat. No. 10,795,156

WAVEGUIDE STRUCTURE

BAE SYSTEMS PLC, London ...

1. An optical waveguide for a head up display, the optical waveguide being configured to provide pupil expansion in two dimensions, the waveguide comprising:a primary waveguide having an input end and an output end;
a secondary waveguide positioned on a face of the primary waveguide between the input end and the output end, there being an interface between the primary waveguide and secondary waveguide, the refractive index of the primary waveguide being lower than the refractive index of the secondary waveguide; and
a main diffraction grating on a face of the secondary waveguide, which face is parallel and opposite to the interface with the primary waveguide, wherein lines of the main diffraction grating extend along their length in a direction that is parallel with an axis from the input end to the output end of the primary waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,795,155

PROJECTION DISPLAY DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD FOR THE SAME

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A projection display device mounted in a vehicle,the vehicle being settable to a first mode in which driving is performed in accordance with an internally generated instruction from an automobile control unit or an externally and wirelessly received instruction from the automobile control unit, wherein the first mode is an automated driving mode and the projection display device comprises:
a light modulation unit that spatially modulates, in accordance with image data that has been input, light emitted by a light source;
a projection optical system that projects the light that has been spatially modulated onto a projection surface of the vehicle to display a virtual image or real image that is based on the image data;
an image data control unit that controls image data to be input to the light modulation unit; and
a situation determination unit that determines, in a state where the first mode is set, whether or not a situation has occurred where at least one operation device among a plurality of operation devices mounted in the vehicle and used for driving needs to be operated by analyzing information measured by a sensor, wherein
when the situation determination unit determines that the situation has occurred where the at least one operation device needs to be operated, the image data control unit inputs, to the light modulation unit, first image data for displaying images corresponding to the plurality of operation devices in a positional relationship corresponding to an arrangement of the plurality of operation devices and displaying, in an emphasized manner, the image corresponding to the at least one operation device that needs to be operated,
wherein the vehicle is further settable to a second mode in which a person drives manually, the plurality of operation devices include a mode switching instruction device for providing an instruction to switch between the first mode and the second mode, and when the situation is a situation where the mode switching instruction device needs to be operated, the image data control unit inputs, to the light modulation unit, the first image data for displaying, in an emphasized manner, the image corresponding to the mode switching instruction device,
wherein when the situation determination unit detects a failure of the sensor, the first mode is switched to the second mode by the instruction provided by the mode switching instruction device.

US Pat. No. 10,795,154

HEAD-UP DISPLAY

DENSO International Ameri...

13. A head-up display assembly comprising:a printed circuit board including a plurality of light emitting elements;
a display element illuminated by the plurality of light emitting elements; and
a total internal reflection (TIR) lens array including a plurality of TIR lenses arranged in linearly aligned rows and vertically staggered columns;
a light input aperture defined by each one of the plurality of TIR lenses, the light input aperture of each one of the plurality of TIR lenses receives light emitting radiation from a different one of the plurality of light emitting elements to reflect light and illuminate the display element;
each one of the plurality of TIR lenses includes a first light transmission plane at the light input aperture, a refractive plane surrounding the light input aperture and the first light transmission plane, and a second light transmission plane through which light exits the plurality of TIR lenses;
a curved lens included with the first light transmission plane, the curved lens between one of the light emitting elements and the second light transmission plane;
a sidewall included with the first light transmission plane, the sidewall extending about the light input aperture; and
a plurality of negative lenslets extending across a front side of the TIR lens array at the second light transmission planes of the plurality of TIR lenses, the plurality of negative lenslets configured to facilitate collimation, divergence, and convergence of light emitted by the plurality of light emitting elements.

US Pat. No. 10,795,153

HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A head mounted display device, comprising:a left eye display unit which displays an image for a left eye and is disposed along a trajectory of a left eye ellipse having a first eccentricity; and
a left eye lens which faces the left eye display unit and refracts the image for the left eye in a direction of a user's left eye,
wherein
the left eye lens is disposed between the left eye display unit and the user's left eye, and
the left eye lens overlaps a major axis of the left eye ellipse.

US Pat. No. 10,795,152

OPTICAL SCANNER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An optical scanner, comprising:a housing that is formed of thermoplastic resin and has a mounting surface;
a first mirror that is mounted on the mounting surface and has a first reflecting surface which reflects a light beam and a first back surface which is opposite to the first reflecting surface;
a second mirror that is mounted on the mounting surface and has a second reflecting surface which reflects the light beam reflected by the first reflecting surface and a second back surface which is opposite to the second reflecting surface;
a first support member that is integrally formed with the mounting surface and that supports the first mirror on the mounting surface by supporting a part of the first back surface;
a second support member that is integrally formed with the mounting surface and that supports the second mirror on the mounting surface by supporting a part of the second reflecting surface of the second mirror;
a first elastic member that is integrally formed with the mounting surface and that elastically presses the first reflecting surface of the first mirror against the first support member by elastically pressing the first reflecting surface;
a second elastic member that is integrally formed with the mounting surface and that elastically presses the second back surface of the second mirror against the second support member by elastically pressing the second back surface, wherein the first and second support members and the first and second elastic members extend from the mounting surface in a vertical direction;
a light-emitter that emits the light beam toward the first mirror; and
a rotating polygon mirror that performs scanning with the light beam from the light-emitter,whereinthe first mirror and the second mirror are provided in an optical path between the light-emitter and the rotating polygon mirror,
the second mirror is closer to the rotating polygon mirror than the first mirror is, and
a height of the second support member is smaller than a height of the first support member in the vertical direction.

US Pat. No. 10,795,151

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR TERAHERTZ-BASED POSITIONING

Mitsubishi Electric Resea...

1. An encoder, comprising:a scale with a multi-layer reflective/transmissive structure, wherein each layer includes a matrix having rows, such that each row of the matrix corresponds to a pattern used to form a measurement;
an emitter of a single THz transceiver of the encoder to emit a terahertz (THz) waveform to the scale according to a THz compressed scanning scheme while in relative motion with the scale;
a receiver of the single THz transceiver of the encoder to measure amplitudes of the THz waveform reflected from rows of each layer of the multi-layer reflective/transmissive structure through the scale;
a computer hardware memory to store data including patterns corresponding to predetermined positions of the emitter or a set of training amplitudes of reflected/transmitted THz waveforms, based on patterns of the multi-layer reflective/transmissive structure from the scale;
a processor to determine a position of the emitter from the measurements of the amplitudes received by the receiver based on the stored data; and
an output interface to render the position of the emitter.

US Pat. No. 10,795,150

PIXEL UNIT, DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A pixel unit comprising a plurality of sub-pixels of different colors, each sub-pixel including a first transflective layer, a wavelength selective cavity, and a second transflective layer disposed successively along an incident light direction,wherein a height of the wavelength selective cavity of each sub-pixel in the incident light direction is designed so as to select light having a wavelength corresponding to a color of the sub-pixel from light which is incident through the first transflective layer and reflected between the first transflective layer and the second transflective layer, and selected light exits through the second transflective layer;
wherein the pixel unit further comprises a support between adjacent sub-pixels and separating wavelength selective cavities of the adjacent sub-pixels, and the height of the wavelength selective cavity of each sub-pixel in the incident light direction is defined by the support.

US Pat. No. 10,795,149

MICROMIRROR DEVICE HAVING A MECHANICAL STOP

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A micromirror device, comprising:a cap;
a function layer; and
a window layer,
wherein the cap, the function layer and the window layer are situated on top of one another and parallel to a main extension plane, the function layer situated between the cap and the window layer, and a micromirror patterned out of the function layer;
wherein the micromirror device has a stop, which is configured to restrict a deflection of the micromirror in a direction perpendicular to the main extension plane,
wherein a window frame patterned into the window layer is situated above the stop, wherein the stop is configured to strike the window frame,
wherein the window layer includes a window which has a recess for creating a clearance between the window frame and the stop,
wherein the stop is developed in such a way that the window frame and the stop are disposed in an overlapping manner in the direction perpendicular to the main extension plane.

US Pat. No. 10,795,148

MICROMECHANICAL COMPONENT, MICROMIRROR-BASED LASER SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR MONITORING A MICROMIRROR-BASED LASER SYSTEM COMPRISING DUAL SENSOR DIODES FOR SENSING TEMPERATURE AND LIGHT INTENSITY

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A micromechanical component, comprising:a micromirror, which is coupled to a carrier substrate;
a first sensor diode, which is designed to provide a first output signal which corresponds to a temperature at the first sensor diode; and
a second sensor diode, which is designed to provide a second output signal which corresponds to a light intensity which is incident on the second sensor diode;
wherein the first sensor diode and the second sensor diode are situated in the carrier substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,795,147

REMOTE DISPLAY AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR TELESCOPE

1. A remote display and control system for use with a conventional telescope, comprising: a camera having a power source and attachable to a telescope having a lens, wherein said camera is positioned to capture images which define electromagnetic radiation collected by a telescope to which the camera is attached; at least one display apparatus having a power source and positioned remote location relative to said camera and configured to display images captured by said camera, wherein each of the said at least one display apparatus is wearable by an individual user, further where wherein said display apparatus is adapted to show at least two discrete images from images captured by the camera, a motorized mechanical adjuster having a power source and attachable to a telescope having a lens, wherein said mechanical adjuster is positioned to cause a telescope to which the mechanical adjuster is attached to at least one of pan and tilt; and a manual controller having a power source and positioned remote location relative to a telescope to which the mechanical adjuster is attached, wherein said manual controller is configured to generate electrical signals which cause the mechanical adjuster to at least one of pan and tilt the telescope; additionally comprising an integration system having a power source and electrically integrated with said camera, display apparatus, mechanical adjuster and manual controller so as to receive and process inputs from the camera and manual controller and provide usable outputs which relate to said inputs to the wearable display and the mechanical adjuster, thereby connecting electrical signals from the manual controller to the mechanical adjuster and enabling the display apparatus to receive electrical signals from the camera which correspond to images captured by said camera.

US Pat. No. 10,795,146

SMARTPHONE ADAPTER FOR IMAGING THROUGH OPTICAL DEVICES

Celestron Acquisition, LL...

1. An adapter for coupling an imaging device to an optical device, the adapter comprising:an optical device mounting feature configured to mount the adapter to the optical device, the optical device mounting feature comprising:
a first arm;
a second arm that is movable relative to the first arm to clamp a portion of the optical device between the first arm and the second arm;
a handle, affixed to the second arm, that can be actuated to release the clamped portion of the optical device;
a lock that can be actuated to restrict motion of the second arm away from the first arm,
wherein the lock comprises a threaded knob that is rotatable to advance the knob toward and into contact with the handle to restrict motion of the second arm away from the first arm,
and wherein the threaded knob is further rotatable, in contact with the handle, to urge the handle in a direction that causes the second arm to be urged toward the first arm, thereby clamping the portion of the optical device between the first arm and the second arm with user-adjustable clamping force;
an imaging device mounting feature configured to mount an imaging device to the adapter; and
a positioning mechanism that adjustably positions the imaging device mounting feature relative to the optical device mounting feature.

US Pat. No. 10,795,145

INFRARED AND NIGHT VISION PIXEL BY PIXEL OPTICAL FUSION SYSTEM

ULSee Inc., Taipei (TW)

1. An infrared and night vision pixel by pixel optical fusion system, comprising:an infrared thermal imager;
a night vision device; and
a common-aperture beam splitter, placed in front of the night vision device, which is a band-pass filter having a high transmission for a night vision light sensitive to the night vision device, and a high reflectivity for a visible light and for an infrared light;
wherein lights emitted by a target object comprise the infrared light and the night vision light;
wherein after electrical processing, a target image with a temperature higher or lower than a certain threshold is obtained on an LCD display or an OLED display;
wherein the infrared image on the LCD/OLED display converted into the visible light is projected onto the back surface of the beam splitter by the relay lens, and after the projected target image together with the night vision light from the same target object enter the night vision system, a pixel by pixel fusion is performed in order to form an image on a retina.

US Pat. No. 10,795,144

MICROSCOPY WITH STRUCTURED PLANE ILLUMINATION AND POINT ACCUMULATION FOR IMAGING AND NANOSCALE TOPOGRAPHY

Howard Hughes Medical Ins...

1. A method comprising:(a) bathing a sample in a first solution, the solution including freely-diffusing first labels suspended in the solution, which have a binding affinity for a first structure on or within the sample and that emit light in response to excitation light;
(b) providing a sheet of excitation light to the sample, the sheet of excitation light having a FWHM thickness;
(c) imaging onto a detector, with a detection objective having a depth of focus that is comparable to or greater than the FWHM thickness, light emitted from labels that diffuse from the solution onto or into the sample and become bound to the structure, wherein the light is emitted in response to light provided by the sheet of excitation light, an optical axis of the detection objective being perpendicular to the sheet of excitation light;
(d) controlling the bathing of the sample with the solution that includes the labels and controlling the imaging of the light emitted from the bound labels, such that the imaged light from different individual labels bound to the structure is resolved on the detector; and
(e) repeating (b)-(d) to image, at different times, light from labels bound to the structure at different locations on or within the sample.