US Pat. No. 10,430,012

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a pixel array including a plurality of pixels arranged in a matrix form;
a plurality of drive electrodes each of which extends in a first direction and is arranged in a second direction intersecting the first direction in a detection area for detecting an external proximity object;
a plurality of detection electrodes each of which extends in the second direction and is arranged in the first direction in the detection area,
a first drive wiring extending in the second direction so as to face to one end portions of the plurality of drive electrodes and providing an AC voltage to the one end portions of the drive electrodes;
a second drive wiring extending in the second direction so as to face to the other end portions of the plurality of drive electrodes and providing an AC voltage to the other end portions of the drive electrodes;
a first reference voltage wiring extending in the second direction so as to face to the one end portions of the plurality of drive electrodes and providing a first reference voltage to the drive electrodes, wherein the first reference voltage wiring is located farther from the one end portions of the plurality of drive electrodes than the first drive wiring;
a second reference voltage wiring extending in the second direction so as to face to the other end portions of the plurality of drive electrodes and providing a second reference voltage to the drive electrodes, wherein the second reference voltage wiring is located farther from the other end portions of the plurality of drive electrodes than the second drive wiring;
a plurality of first switch circuit coupling the one end portions of the driving electrodes to one of the first drive wiring and the first reference voltage wiring; and
a plurality of second switch circuit coupling the other end portions of the driving electrodes to one of the second drive wiring and the second reference voltage wiring.

US Pat. No. 10,430,011

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRACKING INPUT POSITIONS VIA ELECTRIC FIELD COMMUNICATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a display;
an electrode configured to measure a strength of an input electric field radiated from an object; and
a controller configured to detect an input position of the object on the display based on the strength of the input electric field,
wherein the input electric field is generated by a voltage supplied by an electric field communication (EFC) transmitter which is connected to the object.

US Pat. No. 10,430,010

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A input sensing layer, comprising:a base layer;
sensing electrodes disposed on the base layer, the sensing electrodes arranged in a first direction and in a second direction intersecting the first direction; and
sensing wires electrically connected to the sensing electrodes,
wherein each of the sensing electrodes comprises a first sub sensing electrode and a second sub sensing electrode electrically connected to the first sub sensing electrode, the second sub sensing electrode overlapping the first sub sensing electrode on a plane, and
wherein an area of the first sub sensing electrode is different from an area of the second sub sensing electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,430,008

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR A 3-DIMENSIONAL CAPACITIVE SENSOR HAVING MULTI-OPERATION ELECTRODES

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A 3-dimensional capacitive sensor, comprising:a first multi-operation electrode; and
a second multi-operation electrode placed in communication with the first multi-operation electrode;
wherein each multi-operation electrode is selectively connected to both:
an amplifier, and
a voltage source.

US Pat. No. 10,430,007

STRETCHABLE DISPLAY

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A stretchable display comprising:a stretchable substrate comprising first areas and second areas, the first areas comprising four first areas arranged in 2×2 matrix, and the second areas comprising a horizontal second area and a vertical second area;
main pixels disposed on the first areas of the stretchable substrate, the main pixels configured to display different colors; and
a first sub-pixel disposed on one of the horizontal second area and the vertical second area, the first sub-pixel configured to display one color that is the same as any one of the main pixels,
wherein the stretchable substrate comprises a first cutout between one of the first areas and one of the second areas.

US Pat. No. 10,430,004

TOUCH SENSOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A touch sensor, comprising:a substrate; and
a driving electrode unit, a sensing electrode unit, and a wiring electrode unit provided on the same surface of the substrate,
wherein:
the touch sensor includes a touch sensing region and a touch non-sensing region,
each of the driving electrode unit, the sensing electrode unit, and the wiring electrode unit includes a conductive pattern including a shielding portion and an opening portion,
the wiring electrode unit includes a first wiring electrode unit positioned in the touch sensing region of the touch sensor and a second wiring electrode unit positioned in the touch non-sensing region of the touch sensor, and the first wiring electrode unit includes one or two or more bundles of wires connecting the driving electrode unit or the sensing electrode unit to the second wiring electrode unit,
the conductive pattern configuring the touch sensing region includes a form, in which n repeat unit patterns are repeated in a width direction of the touch sensing region,
the second wiring electrode unit is provided in a touch non-sensing region provided to be adjacent to a lateral surface of an upper portion of the touch sensing region and a touch non-sensing region provided to be adjacent to a lateral surface of a lower portion of the touch sensing region, and
a width D of the repeat unit pattern is expressed by Equation 1:
D=A/(n×m)  [Equation 1]
wherein A is a width of the touch sensing region, n is the number of repeat unit patterns, and m is a divisor of n.

US Pat. No. 10,430,001

MESH PATTERNS FOR TOUCH SENSOR ELECTRODES

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. An electrode comprising a continuous first pattern and a discontinuous second mesh pattern bounded by and electrically isolated from the continuous first pattern, wherein the continuous first pattern of the electrode and the discontinuous second mesh pattern of the electrode comprise metallic traces, wherein the discontinuous second mesh pattern of the electrode is disposed in interior regions of the continuous first pattern of the electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,430,000

TOUCH DISPLAY DEVICE

Innolux Corporation, Mia...

1. A touch display device, comprising:a substrate comprising a first bending portion;
a first touch electrode disposed on the substrate;
a display layer disposed on the substrate; and
an insulating layer disposed on the substrate,
wherein over the first bending portion of the substrate, the display layer is disposed between the substrate and the first touch electrode, and the insulating layer is disposed between the display layer and the first touch electrode; and
a transmission line connected to the first touch electrode, wherein the transmission line comprises:
a first trace portion disposed on the substrate and at least partially overlapping the insulating layer;
a second trace portion disposed on the insulating layer; and
a plurality of connection portions disposed between the first trace portion and the second trace portion and passing through the insulating layer, wherein the connection portions are disposed on the first bending portion of the substrate;
wherein a portion of the first trace portion extends between two adjacent connection portions and a portion of the second trace portion extends between the two adjacent connection portions.

US Pat. No. 10,429,999

DISPLAY PANEL, INPUT/OUTPUT DEVICE, DATA PROCESSING DEVICE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING DISPLAY PANEL

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A display panel comprising:a pixel;
an insulating film;
a third conductive film; and
an electrode,
wherein the insulating film includes a region overlapping with the pixel,
wherein the insulating film includes a first opening portion,
wherein the third conductive film is electrically connected to the pixel,
wherein the third conductive film includes a first region overlapping with the insulating film,
wherein the third conductive film includes a second region overlapping with the first opening portion,
wherein the electrode is electrically connected to the third conductive film,
wherein the electrode includes a first region and a second region,
wherein the first region of the electrode is in contact with the third conductive film,
wherein the second region of the electrode is a contact point, and
wherein the first opening portion includes a region occupied by the third conductive film or the electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,429,997

HETEROGENEOUS TACTILE SENSING VIA MULTIPLE SENSOR TYPES USING SPATIAL INFORMATION PROCESSING ACTING ON INITIAL IMAGE PROCESSED DATA FROM EACH SENSOR

1. A system for implementing a user interface, the system comprising:a processor for executing instructions;
a first tactile sensing arrangement for providing a plurality of tactile sensing measurements to the processor, wherein a first tactile sensing measurements is in response to receiving tactile input provided by an object; and
a secondary information sensing arrangement for providing secondary information to the processor, wherein the secondary information is in response: a second tactile sensing arrangement providing another tactile sensing measurement,
wherein the second tactile sensing arrangement is separate from the first tactile sensing arrangement;
wherein the processor is configured to execute instructions to:
in response to a combination of the first tactile sensing measurements when the object is in physical contact with the first tactile sensing arrangement and the secondary information from the second tactile sensing arrangement when the object is to be measured by the secondary information sensing arrangement,
generate user interface output signals, wherein the user interface output signals are produced from spatial information processing acting on one or more values arranged to be provided by first initial image processing of the first tactile sensing measurements and second initial image processing of the secondary information when the object is in physical contact with the first tactile sensing arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,429,995

COORDINATE DETECTING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A coordinate detecting apparatus, comprising:a plurality of light-receiving sensors to detect light emitted from a light-emitting member in a detection area;
a plurality of illuminating light sources to emit light;
a reflective member disposed around a detection area to reflect the light emitted from the plurality of illuminating light sources;
a controller configured to detect a position of the light-emitting member based on the light detected by the plurality of light-receiving sensors, and control the light-emitting member such that an intensity of the light emitted from the light-emitting member is higher than an intensity of ambient light incident on the plurality of light-receiving sensors,
wherein the plurality of light-receiving sensors detect the light reflected by the reflective member;
the controller is further configured to detect a position of a non-light-emitting member in the detection area based on the light detected by the plurality of light-receiving sensors, and control the plurality of illuminating light sources such that an intensity of the light emitted from the plurality of illuminating light sources is higher than the intensity of the ambient light incident on the plurality of light-receiving sensors;
when the intensity of the ambient light incident on the plurality of light-receiving sensors is equal to at least the intensity of the light emitted from the plurality of illuminating light sources, reflected by the reflective member, and incident on the plurality of light-receiving sensors, the controller is further configured to increase the intensity of the light emitted from the plurality of illuminating light sources to be higher than the intensity of the ambient light incident on the plurality of light-receiving sensors; and
the controller is further configured to the position of the non-light-emitting member based on a value resulting from subtracting the intensity of the ambient light from the intensity of the light incident on the plurality of the light-receiving sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,429,994

POSITION DETECTION DEVICE, POSITION DETECTION SYSTEM, AND POSITION DETECTION METHOD

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A position detection device comprising:an imaging unit which images an operation surface; and
a detection unit which detects an indication position of an indicator on the operation surface based on a captured image of the imaging unit,
wherein the detection unit detects reflected light of detection light reflected by the indicator from the captured image of the imaging unit, and obtains the indication position of the indicator on the operation surface spaced from a point on the operation surface formed by linearly extending an imaging direction of the imaging unit to the operation surface by correcting the point on the operation surface based on the position of the reflected light detected from the captured image, a distance between the operation surface and the imaging unit in a direction perpendicular to the operation surface, and a distance between the operation surface and a reflection position of the indicator in the direction perpendicular to the operation surface.

US Pat. No. 10,429,993

TOUCH DISPLAY DRIVING INTEGRATED CIRCUIT AND OPERATION METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A touch display driving integrated circuit configured to control a touch display panel, comprising:a touch driving circuit configured to perform a touch scan operation on the touch display panel; and
a display driving circuit configured to perform a display operation on the touch display panel,
wherein the touch driving circuit is configured to,
operate in a first operation mode having a first touch scan frequency; and
operate in a second operation mode having a second touch scan frequency different from the first touch scan frequency when a first touch is detected from the touch display panel in the first operation mode.
wherein the touch driving circuit performs the touch scan operation in a vertical blank period of a first cycle of a vertical synchronization signal in the first operation mode.

US Pat. No. 10,429,992

DISPLAY DEVICE WITH REDUCED NOISE EFFECT ON TOUCH SCREEN

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device with an integrated touch screen comprising:a display panel with an integrated touch screen including a touch screen unit driven with a preset touch driving frequency and a display unit driven with a display driving frequency corresponding to a driving control signal;
a noise analyzer determining a frequency band of a panel noise generated by driving of the display unit based on a feedback signal provided from the display panel with the integrated touch screen; and
a driving frequency controller controlling the display driving frequency such that the frequency band of the panel noise does not include the preset touch driving frequency, wherein the preset touch driving frequency is unchanged.

US Pat. No. 10,429,990

TOUCH CIRCUIT, TOUCH DISPLAY DRIVER CIRCUIT, TOUCH DISPLAY DEVICE, AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

16. The method of claim 14, wherein the display panel comprises a plurality of data lines and a plurality of gate lines, a pre-setting load free driving signal is supplied to at least one of the gate lines or data lines while the pre-setting signal is provided to the first touch electrode and the second touch electrode, andwherein the pre-setting load free driving signal has a same phase as the pre-setting signal or a same amplitude as the pre-setting signal.

US Pat. No. 10,429,989

CONTROL DEVICE, CONTROL METHOD, AND COMPUTER READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A first control device configured to control a first screen image in a multiple display system, the first control device being configured to cooperate with a second control device in the multiple display system, the first control device comprising:an interface configured to be coupled to the second control device, the second control device being configured to control a second screen image in the multiple display system, and the second screen image being adjacent position to the first screen image;
a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory and the interface, the processor being configured to:
execute a first process that includes
receiving a first touch signal representing a first touch event from a first operating system in the first control device, the first touch signal including a first touch identifier, a first touch event information, and a first position information, the first position information indicating a first position of a first touch operation detected with respect to the first screen image, the first touch event information indicating at least whether the first touch operation corresponds to a first touch start, the first touch identifier being associated with a sequence of the first touch operation from the first touch start to a first touch end,
storing the first touch signal in the memory, the first touch signal in the memory being associated with a first time stamp,
transmitting the first touch signal to the second control device when a first condition is satisfied, the first condition being configured to be satisfied when the first touch operation indicated by the first touch signal corresponds to the first touch start and the first position of the first touch signal corresponds to a predetermined area in the first screen image, thereby the second control device determines whether there is a second touch operation adjacent to the first touch operation indicated by the first touch signal, the second touch operation being detected by the second control device with respect to the second screen image, and
transmitting the first touch signal to a client terminal when the first condition is not satisfied, thereby the first touch signal associated with the first touch identifier is processed by an application software in the client terminal; and
execute a second process that includes
receiving a second touch signal representing a second touch event from the second control device, the second touch signal including a second touch identifier, a second touch event information, and a second position information, the second position information indicating a second position of the second touch operation detected with respect to the second screen image, the second touch event information indicating at least whether the second touch operation indicated by the second touch signal corresponds to a second touch start, the second touch identifier being associated with a sequence of the second touch operation from the second touch start to a second touch end,
determining, when the second touch operation indicated by the second touch signal corresponds to the second touch start, whether a second condition is satisfied, the second condition being configured to be satisfied when there is the first touch operation adjacent to the second touch operation indicated by the second touch signal, the first touch operation being indicated by the first touch signal stored in the memory,
storing a relation information in the memory when the second condition is satisfied, the relation information indicating a relation between the first touch identifier indicated by the first touch signal and the second touch identifier indicated by the second touch signal,
transmitting, to the second control device, a first request including the second touch identifier when the second condition is satisfied, thereby the second control device is configured to transmit the second touch signal when the second control device detects the second touch operation associated with the second touch identifier indicated by the first request,
generating the first touch signal from the second touch signal by converting the second touch identifier of the second signal into the first touch identifier associated with the second touch identifier in accordance with the relation information, and
transmitting, to the client terminal, the first touch signal generated from the second touch signal, thereby the second touch signal is processed as the first touch signal associated with the first touch identifier by the application software in the client terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,429,988

TOUCH SCREEN SUPPORT BY EMULATING A LEGACY DEVICE

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. An information handling system, comprising:a touchscreen configured to display information and to receive input from a user by touching a location on the touchscreen;
a controller coupled to the touchscreen and configured, in a first operational mode of the information handling system not having a loaded driver for the touchscreen, to receive a user input from the touchscreen through a first data bus, and to provide the user input to a host processor by presenting, over a second bus, the received user input to the host processor emulated as input from a legacy device; and
an input/output (I/O) interface coupled to the touchscreen and configured, in a second operational mode of the information handling system having a loaded driver for the touchscreen, to receive a user input from the touchscreen through the first data bus and configured to provide the user input to the host processor over a third bus.

US Pat. No. 10,429,987

EDGELESS SINGLE-LAYER TOUCH SENSOR

1. A touch sensor comprising:a substrate; and
a plurality of columns of electrodes disposed on a side of the substrate, each column comprising a drive electrode and a plurality of sense electrodes, the plurality of columns comprising:
a first column;
a second column; and
one or more interior columns between the first and second columns, wherein:
the drive electrode of a particular interior column of the one or more interior columns comprises a main electrode line that extends a first length of the particular interior column such that a first sense electrode and a second sense electrode of the sense electrodes of the particular interior column are located on opposite sides of the main electrode line of the drive electrode;
a first segment of the main electrode line of the drive electrode and a main electrode line of the first sense electrode align to form an outer edge along a second length of the particular interior column; and
the main electrode line of the first sense electrode and a main electrode line of a third sense electrode of the sense electrodes of the particular interior column align to form a continuous outer edge along a third length of the particular interior column, the third sense electrode being different than and electrically isolated from the first sense electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,429,986

TOUCH SCREEN PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A touch screen panel comprising:a base film having a display region and a bent non-display region located on an outside of the display region, the base film having an outer surface and an inner surface;
touch electrodes provided in the display region;
touch pads provided on one edge of the base film and on a back of the display region;
routing wires that extend along a front of the bent non-display region and electrically connect the touch electrodes and the touch pads; and
a driving portion electrically connected to the touch pads,
wherein the driving portion includes a touch integrated circuit transmitting signals to the touch electrodes,
wherein the driving portion is provided at the outer surface of the base film, at the one edge of the base film, and on the back of the display region, and
wherein the touch electrodes are placed on the outer surface of the base film, and further comprise a micro cover layer (MCL) that covers the routing wires extending from the touch electrodes along the front of the bent non-display region.

US Pat. No. 10,429,983

METHOD FOR LAUNCHING APPLICATION AND TERMINAL DEVICE

Guangdong Oppo Mobile Tel...

1. A method for launching an application, comprising:determining, in response to detecting that a touch operation is performed on a touch display screen of a mobile terminal when the touch display screen is in a screen-off mode, whether the touch operation is a target touch operation;
determining, in response to determining that the touch operation on the touch display screen is the target touch operation, whether an occlusion exists in front of the touch display screen;
determining, in response to determining that no occlusion exists, whether the target touch operation corresponds to at least two applications installed in the mobile terminal according to a correspondence between touch operations and applications installed in the mobile terminal;
detecting, in response to determining that the target touch operation corresponds to the at least two applications, a movement of a target object relative to the touch display screen, wherein the target object is part of a human body facing the touch display screen; and
launching a target application in the at least two applications according to the movement of the target object relative to the touch display screen and a one-to-one correspondence between movements of the target object relative to the touch display screen and the applications installed in the mobile terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,429,981

DETECTION DEVICE, DISPLAY DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A detection device comprising:a substrate having a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface;
first electrodes that are provided in a display area of the substrate and that are configured to detect a position of an object being in contact with or in proximity to a first surface side of the substrate or pressure of the object being in contact with the first surface side in a touch detection period;
a plurality of second electrodes provided along at least one side of an outer periphery of the display area and configured to detect contact of an object in a pressure detection period;
a conductor that is provided on a second surface side of the substrate apart from the substrate, an electrostatic capacitor being generated between the conductor and the second electrodes;
a third electrode facing the first electrodes,
wherein
the first and third electrodes do not detect the position in the pressure detection period,
the position of the object being in contact with or in proximity to the first surface side is detected in the touch detection period, based on an electrostatic capacitor between the first electrodes and the third electrode,
a drive signal is supplied to the second electrodes in the pressure detection period, and
the third electrode is disposed in a layer different from a layer of the second electrodes, overlaps with the second electrodes in a vertical direction perpendicular to a main surface of the substrate, and is supplied with a guard signal which has a waveform synchronized with the drive signal in the pressure detection period.

US Pat. No. 10,429,979

TOUCH FILM, TOUCH PANEL AND TOUCH DISPLAY DEVICE

SHANGHAI TIANMA MICRO-ELE...

1. A touch film, comprisinga flexible substrate, wherein a material of the flexible substrate is polyimide;
a metal layer;
an organic film arranged between the metal layer and the flexible substrate, wherein a water drop contact angle of the organic film is less than 80°; and
a touch electrode layer comprising multiple groups of first touch electrodes and multiple groups of second touch electrodes, wherein the multiple groups of first touch electrodes are arrayed in a first direction and extend along a second direction; the multiple groups of second touch electrodes are arrayed in the second direction and extend along the first direction; each group of the first touch electrodes comprises a plurality of first touch electrodes arrayed in the second direction; each group of the second touch electrodes comprises a plurality of second touch electrodes arrayed in the first direction; and in each group of the second touch electrodes, adjacent second touch electrodes are electrically coupled; and
wherein the metal layer comprises metal connection lines; adjacent first touch electrodes in each group of the first touch electrodes are electrically connected through the associated metal connection line; and an insulating layer is arranged between the metal connection lines and the second touch electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,429,976

PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A method for manufacturing a panel, comprising:forming a first conductive pattern comprising a first portion and a second portion;
forming a second conductive pattern comprising a first bridging portion, wherein the first bridging portion connects between the first portion and the second portion;
forming an insulation pattern, located on the second conductive pattern and substantially covering a side surface of the second conductive pattern, wherein a horizontal distance between an outer side surface of the insulation pattern and an inner side surface adjacent to the second conductive pattern is less than 3 micrometers, wherein the insulation pattern comprises a first insulation portion located on the first bridging portion and substantially covering a side surface of the first bridging portion, and a horizontal distance between an outer side surface of the first insulation portion and an inner side surface adjacent to the first bridging portion is less than 3 micrometers; and
forming a third conductive pattern comprising two first sensing portions, two second sensing portions, and a second bridging portion, wherein the two first sensing portions are respectively electrically connected to the first portion and the second portion, the second bridging portion at least partially crosses over and contacts the first insulation portion, and the second bridging portion is connected to the two second sensing portions.

US Pat. No. 10,429,975

TOUCH PANEL, DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF TOUCH PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A touch panel, comprising,a first electrode layer and a second electrode layer configured to sense touch and an insulating layer located between the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer;
a first ground wire disposed on a side of the insulating layer facing the first electrode layer, the first ground wire and the first electrode layer being including same material and provided in a same layer; and
a second ground wire disposed on a side of the insulating layer facing the second electrode layer, the second ground wire and the second electrode layer including same material and provided in a same layer;
wherein the first ground wire or the second ground wire are electrically connected with a grounding terminal; and the insulating layer is provided with a ground wire vias through which the first ground wire and the second ground wire are electrically connected with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,429,972

TOUCH DISPLAY PANEL AND TOUCH DISPLAY APPARATUS THEREOF

HON HAI PRECISION INDUSTR...

1. A touch display apparatus comprising:a substrate with a first surface and a second surface, the second surface opposite to the first surface;
a touch electrode layer formed on the first surface, the touch electrode layer having a plurality of touch electrodes arranged in a matrix; and
a color filter layer formed on the second surface, the color filter layer having a plurality of color filters;
wherein each of the plurality of touch electrodes comprises a plurality of sub-electrodes parallel with each other along a first direction; a number of the sub-electrodes per unit area is greater than a number of the plurality of color filters per unit area; when viewed along a direction perpendicular to the touch display apparatus, vision color filters captured by eyes of a view are completely covered by the plurality of sub-electrodes based on a refraction of light passing through the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,429,971

DISPLAY PANEL, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A display panel, divided into a display area and a non-display area surrounding the display area at a periphery of the display area, wherein the display panel comprises:a display substrate, the display substrate having a display function;
an upper substrate, which is arranged on a display side of the display substrate and cell-assembled with the display substrate;
an adhesive layer, which is arranged between the upper substrate and the display substrate, wherein the adhesive layer is arranged in the display area and in the non-display area; and
a thin film layer which is arranged on a side of the upper substrate away from the display substrate, wherein a region of the thin film layer corresponding to the non-display area is an opaque area, and a region of the thin film layer corresponding to the display area is a transparent area.

US Pat. No. 10,429,970

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:an array substrate;
a counter substrate;
an image signal line;
a scan signal line;
a transistor connected to the image signal line and the scan signal line; and
an outgoing line for connecting a first electrode for capacitive touch detection to a detection circuit, and
a first power supply wiring disposed on a layer different from that of the outgoing line, wherein
the outgoing line includes:
a first wiring portion extended from the first electrode toward the detection circuit; and
a first capacitance adjusting wiring portion connected with the first wiring portion,
the first wiring portion intersects the first power supply wiring, and
the first capacitance adjusting wiring portion is overlapped with the first power supply wiring in planar view and extends along the first power supply wiring from the first wiring portion.

US Pat. No. 10,429,969

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING MULTI-TOUCH INPUT AT TOUCH SCREEN TERMINAL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for a touch screen on a multi-tasking device, the method comprising:determining a number of fingers in a flicking of one or more fingers in a currently-displayed application program on the touch screen;
if the determined number of fingers in the flicking is five and a not-currently-displayed application program exists, switching the touch screen from the currently-displayed application program to the not-currently-displayed application program; and
if the determined number of fingers in the flicking is five and the not-currently-displayed application program does not exist:
if scrolling is possible, scrolling content shown in the currently-displayed application program in a direction of movement of the flicking; and
if scrolling is not possible, performing no action.

US Pat. No. 10,429,967

IN-CELL TOUCH TYPE LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DRIVING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An in-cell touch type liquid crystal display (LCD) device, comprising:an LCD panel including:
a first touch block including:
a first set of gate lines; and
a first set of common lines; and
a second touch block including:
a second set of gate lines; and
a second set of common lines;
a gate driver for sequentially applying a high-potential gate driving signal to the first set of gate lines of the first touch block and the second set of gate lines of the second touch block for a single horizontal time period;
a common voltage generator for concurrently supplying common voltages (Vcom) of:
a first waveform to all the first set of common lines and the second set of common lines for a display time period during which an image is displayed by the LCD panel; and
a second waveform to the second set of common lines of the second touch block rather than the first touch block to which the high-potential gate driving signal is being currently applied through the first set of gate lines for detecting a touch input for a touch time period less than the single horizontal time period; and
a touch detection circuit for detecting a touched position on the liquid crystal (LC) panel through the second waveform common voltages,
wherein the first waveform common voltage is a direct current (DC) common voltage corresponding to a pixel voltage of a pixel provided at the LC panel,
wherein the second waveform common voltage is an alternating current (AC) common voltage including multiple repetitive square waveforms within the touch time period,
wherein, within the single horizontal period, the high-potential gate driving signal partially overlaps and precedes the second waveform common voltage, and
wherein the second waveform common voltage swings at constant intervals.

US Pat. No. 10,429,963

USER NOTIFICATION METHOD, HANDWRITTEN DATA CAPTURE DEVICE, AND PROGRAM

Wacom Co., Ltd., Saitama...

1. A user notification method performed by a handwritten data capture device, the user notification method comprising:determining whether a pointing body is in a pen-up state or a pen-down state;
determining whether coordinate data of the pointing body on a touch sensor of the handwritten data capture device is already stored in a first area of a memory;
making a first user notification in response to determining that the coordinate data is already stored in the first area of the memory and that the pointing body is in the pen-up state; and
switching a storage destination of the coordinate data to a second area of the memory that is different from the first area in response to accepting a given user operation.

US Pat. No. 10,429,961

CONTROLLER DEVICE, INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEM, AND INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD

NINTENDO CO., LTD., Kyot...

1. A controller device capable of wirelessly communicating with an information processing device, the controller device comprising:a wireless module;
a display configured to display an image represented by image data received from the information processing device; and
at least one hardware processor configured to:
execute a predetermined program and output, for display, at least an image resulting from the execution of the program to the display, when a predetermined operation is performed on the controller device, wherein the predetermined program is a program for controlling, in accordance with an operation performed on the controller device, functionality of a display device independent from control of the information processing device, the display device being separate from the display of the controller device and configured to display images generated from the information processing device
transmit by using wireless module and to the information processing device, operation data obtained based on an operation performed on the controller device,
receive, by using wireless module and from the information processing device, image data generated in the information processing device through a process performed based on the operation data, wherein the image data is received irrespective of whether the predetermined program is being executed,
transmit, by using the wireless module and to the to the information processing device, data indicating that the predetermined program is being executed,
cause the display to lay an image resulting from the execution of the predetermined program over the image represented by the image data,
while the predetermined program is being executed, cause the display to display an image represented by the image data, together with the image resulting from the execution of the predetermined program,
transmit, using the wireless module and to the information processing device, operation data representing operations performed on user input devices of the controller device;
wherein the predetermined program is executed using, as an input, an operation performed on one or more of the user input devices; and
wherein when data indicating that the predetermined program is being executed is received, image data is generated by the information processing device by executing a process based on the operation data while invalidating operations performed on the one or more of the user input devices.

US Pat. No. 10,429,958

WIRELESS DEVICE APPLICATION INTERACTION VIA EXTERNAL CONTROL DETECTION

OPEN INVENTION NETWORK LL...

1. A method, comprising:calculating a first distance based on a distance between a first position of the wireless device and a second position of the wireless device;
comparing the first distance to a first threshold distance stored in a memory to confirm the first distance exceeds a first minimum distance;
calculating a second distance based on a distance between the second position of the wireless device and a third position of the wireless device;
comparing the second distance to a second threshold distance stored in the memory to confirm the second distance does not exceed a first maximum distance; and
changing a current operating state of the wireless device to a different operating state if the first distance exceeds the first minimum distance and the second distance does not exceed the first maximum distance.

US Pat. No. 10,429,955

POINTER, POSITION DETECTION APPARATUS AND POSITION DETECTION METHOD

Wacom, Co., Ltd., Saitam...

1. A pen-shaped position indicator configured to capacitively couple with a sensor surface, the pen-shaped position indicator comprising:a pen-shaped body having a pen-tip portion; and
at least three electrodes arranged at the pen-tip portion for transmitting signals, wherein one of the at least three electrodes is arranged on an axis of the pen-tip portion and another one of the at least three electrodes is arranged off the axis of the pen-tip portion;
wherein the at least three electrodes transmitting signals form capacitive relationships with a sensor surface, respectively, to generate detection signals in the sensor surface from which a first detection signal, a second detection signal, and a third detection signal distinguishable from each other are extracted and used to obtain angular information of the pen-shaped position indicator.

US Pat. No. 10,429,954

MULTI-STROKE SMART INK GESTURE LANGUAGE

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system, comprising:an operating system (OS);
an application; and
an action input module implemented at least partially in hardware and configured to:
provide, via the OS or the application, a digital ink user interface that is associated with the application and that can receive a digital ink stroke made through a stylus, the digital ink stroke:
received through a display that is capable of receiving input from the stylus; and
received over the digital ink user interface, the digital ink user interface configured to receive the digital ink stroke and present, in real time, a visual representation of the digital ink stroke, the application configured to interpret the digital ink stroke as content input;
determine, based on a detected proximity to a prior-received digital ink stroke and a chronological immediacy time duration associated with a receipt of the digital ink stroke relative to the prior-received digital ink stroke currently presented in or over the digital ink user interface, that the digital ink stroke and the prior-received digital ink stroke represent a multi-stroke gesture associated with an action input; and
provide the action input to the application effective to cause the application to receive and react to the action input.

US Pat. No. 10,429,952

WIRELESS MOUSE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A wireless mouse, comprising:a mouse housing, and
an electric generating device mounted in the mouse housing, wherein the electric generating device comprises:
a first rotation shaft mounted pivotably in the mouse housing,
an eccentric wheel fixed on the first rotation shaft,
a first annular conductor fixed on the first rotation shaft, and
a first magnet fixed in the mouse housing,
wherein the first annular conductor is arranged in a magnet field generated by the first magnet, and is configured such that magnetic flux through an annular section of the first annular conductor changes when the first rotation shaft drives the first annular conductor to rotate, and
wherein the electric generating device further comprises: a second rotation shaft mounted pivotably in the mouse housing, and a first linkage slider mechanism connected to a mouse left key of the mouse housing and the second rotation shaft respectively for transmission of motion.

US Pat. No. 10,429,951

MOUSE DEVICE WITH ADJUSTABLE MOVING RESOLUTION

PRIMAX ELECTRONICS LTD., ...

1. A mouse device in communication with a computer system for controlling movement of a cursor of the computer system, the mouse device comprising:a mouse casing comprising a base, an upper cover, a receiving recess, a first casing opening and a second casing opening, wherein the base is covered by the upper cover, the receiving recess is formed in the base and arranged between the base and the upper cover, the first casing opening is formed in the base, and the second casing opening is formed in the base and located near the first casing opening;
a circuit board located over the receiving recess;
a first sensing module disposed on the circuit board, wherein a part of the first sensing module is selectively exposed outside the second casing opening;
a second sensing module disposed on the circuit board, wherein a part of the second sensing module is selectively exposed outside the second casing opening; and
a switching module partially received within the receiving recess and partially exposed outside the first casing opening, wherein one of the first sensing module and the second sensing module is exposed outside the second casing opening under control of the switching module, so that a moving resolution of the mouse device is adjustable, wherein the switching module comprises:
a switching plate received within the receiving recess, wherein the switching plate is rotatable relative to the base;
a fixing bracket fixed on the upper cover or the base, and arranged between the upper cover and the base;
a connecting bracket arranged between the upper cover and the base, wherein the switching plate and the circuit board are connected with each other through the connecting bracket, wherein as the connecting bracket is rotated with the switching plate, the circuit board is rotated relative to the base;
a rotary element connected with the fixing bracket and the connecting bracket, and rotated with the switching plate;
a detecting element disposed on the circuit board, wherein when a rotating status of the switching plate is detected by the detecting element, a detecting signal is generated by the detecting element; and
a controlling unit disposed on the circuit board and electrically connected with the detecting element, the first sensing module and the second sensing module, wherein the controlling unit controls operations of the first sensing module and the second sensing module according to the detecting signal.

US Pat. No. 10,429,950

DIFFUSIVE EMISSIVE DISPLAY

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A display comprising:a display stack to generate a digital display image;
a media layer that includes a plurality of diffusive emissive elements disposed in a predetermined pattern, wherein the diffusive emissive elements:
reside in a carrier material to emit a scattered signal;
induce a surface plasmon resonance in response to light incident to the media layer; and
provide information for a positional relationship between relative diffusive emissive elements to determine a location on the media layer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,947

OPTICAL NAVIGATION MECHANISM CAPABLE OF DYNAMICALLY LEARNING DIFFERENT MATERIALS OF DIFFERENT WORKING SURFACES

PixArt Imaging Inc., Hsi...

1. A method capable of dynamically learning a material of a working surface on which an optical navigation device is moving, comprising:utilizing at least one light emitting unit to emit at least one light ray to the working surface to reflect and generate image (s) on an image sensor;
estimating and calculating at least one average image offset sensed by at least one sensing pixel of the image sensor according to at least one image motion information sensed by the at least one sensing pixel of the image sensor during a specific time; and
dynamically determining whether at least one image value sensed by the at least one sensing pixel corresponds to a fixed pattern or a feature image associated with movement of the optical navigation device according to the at least one average image offset and a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,429,946

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR RENDERING SECONDARY CHARACTERS

BlackBerry Limited, Wate...

1. A method, comprising:detecting, by a user device, a first input;
determining, by the user device, that the first input is a press and hold input of a key of a keyboard of the user device, the keyboard including a plurality of keys configured to receive key inputs, each of the keys being associated with inputting a primary character and one or more secondary characters;
enabling a diacritic input mode based on the determination that the first input is the press and hold input; and
while the diacritic input mode is enabled,
displaying on a screen of the user device the one or more secondary characters;
detecting, by the user device, a second input;
determining, by the user device, that the second input is a drag input on the keyboard; and
displaying on the screen an indicator sequentially indicating selection of a secondary character among the one or more secondary characters while the drag input is detected.

US Pat. No. 10,429,945

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DISPLAYING IMAGE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A display device comprising:a calculator comprising calculating circuitry configured to calculate a number of horizontal pixels and a number of vertical pixels, which are recognized as one pixel by a viewer;
a determiner comprising determining circuitry configured to divide pixels of an image into a plurality of pixel groups, each pixel group being defined by the number of horizontal pixels and the number of the vertical pixels, to determine at least one pixel among the pixels included in each pixel group as a first pixel based on a pixel value of the pixels included in each pixel group, and to determine at least one pixel other than the first pixel among the pixels included in each pixel group as a second pixel;
a first image processor configured to perform an image-enhancement process on the first pixel via a first image enhancement factor at a first increase rate; and
a second image processor configured to perform an image-enhancement process on the second pixel via a second image enhancement factor at a second increase rate.

US Pat. No. 10,429,944

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DEEP LEARNING BASED HAND GESTURE RECOGNITION IN FIRST PERSON VIEW

Tata Consultancy Services...

1. A processor-implemented method for hand-gesture recognition, the method comprising:receiving, via one or more hardware processors, a plurality of frames of a media stream of a scene captured from a first person view (FPV) of a user using at least one RGB sensor communicably coupled to a wearable Augmented reality (AR) device, the media stream comprising RGB image data associated with the plurality of frames of the scene, the scene comprising a dynamic hand gesture performed by the user;
estimating, via the one or more hardware processors, a temporal information associated with the dynamic hand gesture from the RGB image data by using a deep learning model, the estimated temporal information being associated with hand poses of the user and comprising a plurality of key-points identified on user's hand in the plurality of frames, wherein the plurality of key-points comprises twenty one hand key-points, and wherein each key-point of the twenty one key points comprises four key points per finger and one key-point close to wrist of the user's hand, and wherein estimating the temporal information associated with the dynamic hand gesture comprises:
estimating, a plurality of network-implicit 3D articulation priors using the deep learning model, the plurality of network-implicit 3D articulation priors comprising a plurality of key-points determined from a plurality of training sample RGB images of user's hand; and
detecting, based on the plurality of network-implicit 3D articulation priors, the plurality of key-points on the user's hand in the plurality of frames; and
classifying, by using a multi-layered Long Short Term memory (LSTM) classification network, the dynamic hand gesture into at least one predefined gesture class based on the temporal information associated with the plurality of key points, via the one or more hardware processors.

US Pat. No. 10,429,942

GESTURE INPUT DEVICE

OMRON CORPORATION, Kyoto...

1. A gesture input device comprising:a movement detection unit that detects a user movement;
an image projection unit that forms a zone image in space to present a region whereat the movement detection unit detects movement;
a determination unit that assesses whether or not the movement detected by the movement detection unit is an input action representing a predetermined input; and
an assessment result presentation unit that presents an assessment result from the determination unit, wherein
the image projection unit comprises:
a first light source; and
a first light guide plate comprising a light emitting surface and that directs light entering from the first light source so that the light exits from the light emitting surface and forms the zone image in space,
the assessment result presentation unit comprises:
a plurality of second light sources; and
a second light guide plate configured to direct light entering from the plurality of second light sources so that the light exits therefrom and forms an image in space, and
when the movement detected by the movement detection unit is an input action representing a predetermined input, the assessment result presentation unit activates a second light source among the plurality of second light sources corresponding to said input action to cause a different image corresponding to the input action to be formed in space.

US Pat. No. 10,429,940

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR RECOGNIZING HAND GESTURES USING TIME-OF-FLIGHT SENSING

STMicroelectronics SA, M...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a plurality of laser sources configured to direct laser radiation toward an object external to the electronic device;
a plurality of laser detectors configured to receive reflected laser radiation from the object; and
a controller coupled to the plurality of laser sources and the plurality of laser detectors, wherein the controller is configured to:
determine, for each respective laser detector of the plurality of laser detectors, a respective elapsed time between transmission of the laser radiation from the plurality of laser sources and reception of the reflected laser radiation at the respective laser detector;
determine, for each respective laser detector, a respective distance between the respective laser detector and the object;
determine, for each respective laser detector, a respective confusion matrix based on the respective distance, the respective confusion matrix being indicative of probabilities of a plurality of possible hand gestures as determined from a position of the respective laser detector, wherein respective confusion matrices of the plurality of laser detectors collectively form a set of confusion matrices; and
determine a hand gesture from among the plurality of possible hand gestures based on the set of confusion matrices.

US Pat. No. 10,429,939

APPARATUS FOR PROJECTING IMAGE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method of operating an image projection apparatus, the method comprising:projecting an image;
sensing a user gesture in an area between an image screen area, in which an image screen corresponding to the projected image is displayed, and the image projection apparatus,
wherein the area between the image screen area and the image projection apparatus is divided into a plurality of areas including a first gesture area and a second gesture area,
wherein the first gesture area is an area within a predetermined distance from the image screen area,
wherein the second gesture area is an area outside the predetermined distance from the image screen area such that a distance between the first gesture area and the image screen area is less than a distance between the second gesture area and the image screen area, and
wherein both the first gesture area and the second gesture area are located in the area between the image screen area and the image projection apparatus; and
performing a control operation corresponding to the sensed user gesture such that a different control operation is performed according to one of the first and second gesture areas in which the user gesture is sensed,
wherein the sensing the user gesture comprises sensing a first user gesture or a second user gesture, wherein the first user gesture is sensed in the first gesture area and the second user gesture is sensed in the second gesture area,
wherein the performing the control operation comprises:
performing a first control operation when the sensed user gesture is the first user gesture,
wherein the first control operation is a control operation for controlling items displayed on the projected image; and
performing a second control operation when the sensed user gesture is the second user gesture,
wherein the second control operation is a control operation for controlling an attribute of content of the projected image without requiring displaying of the items on the projected image prior to performing the second control operation.

US Pat. No. 10,429,938

INTERPRETING AND GENERATING INPUT AND OUTPUT GESTURES

International Business Ma...

1. A computer program product for interpreting text entry for an input/output device, the computer program product comprising:one or more computer readable tangible storage media and program instructions stored on at least one of the one or more computer readable storage media, the program instructions readable/executable by one or more computer processors and further comprising:
program instructions to receive input from a set of sensors, wherein the sensors are grouped in segments corresponding to a finger of a user;
program instructions to identify input, by a user, of a gesture into a sensor of the set of sensors;
program instructions to determine a first alphanumeric character that corresponds to the identified gesture input by the user;
program instructions to generate an input stream of alphanumeric characters, the input stream comprising the determined first alphanumeric character that corresponds to the identified gesture and one or more additional alphanumeric characters determined from identified gestures input by the user;
program instructions to receive an output stream from a computing device;
program instructions to extract a second alphanumeric character from the output stream;
program instructions to determine a vibration sequence and a corresponding sensor of the set of the sensors that corresponds to the second alphanumeric character; and
program instructions to actuate the determined vibration sequence on the corresponding sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,429,935

TREMOR CORRECTION FOR GESTURE RECOGNITION

Comcast Cable Communicati...

1. A method comprising:detecting, by a first computing device, a tremor in motion input obtained by one or more sensors;
determining, by the first computing device, whether to filter the obtained motion input, wherein the determining is based on:
one or more frequencies corresponding to predefined rhythmic gestures of valid user commands used by an application, and
a frequency of the detected tremor;
determining, by the first computing device, that a processing threshold has been satisfied, wherein the processing threshold is established based on a frequency of a rhythmic gesture command being higher than the frequency of the detected tremor;
sending, to a second computing device, a request for rhythmic filtering to suppress the detected tremor and generate a filtered motion input;
receiving, from the second computing device, the filtered motion input; and
transmitting, by the first computing device and based on a comparison of the filtered motion input with the one or more frequencies, one or more user commands to the application.

US Pat. No. 10,429,932

MOBILE TERMINAL

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A mobile terminal comprising:a body;
a cover glass provided to a front side of the body;
a touch sensor configured to sense a touch input to the cover glass;
a display configured to display information;
a fingerprint sensor configured to sense a fingerprint of a user through the touch input to the cover glass;
a force sensor configured to sense a touch intensity of a touch input applied to the cover glass; and
a controller configured to:
control a first screen including an item having a view transition in stages to be displayed on the display according to a selected input,
control views related to the item to change when an intensity of a first touch input applied to the item exceeds a critical intensity, and
control a predetermined feedback to be output when a changed view is a view of a last stage among the stages,
wherein the predetermined feedback comprises displaying at least one thumbnail image corresponding to at least one view sequentially displayed prior to the last stage on the display,
wherein the controller is configured to display a view of the last stage along with the at least one thumbnail image on the display,
wherein the controller is configured to:
display a first layer in the entire area of the display,
display a second layer on the display such that the second layer overlaps with part of the first layer upon reception of a predetermined touch input,
control a view displayed on the first layer while display of the second layer is maintained when an intensity of a touch input applied to the second layer is changed, and
when the touch input applied to the second layer satisfies at least one of an input maintained for a predetermined time exceeding a predetermined intensity and an input applied to an item which requires authentication, activate a function of the fingerprint sensor to perform fingerprint authentication according to the touch input,
wherein the item is included in the second layer and includes information additionally provided after fingerprint authentication and the controller displays the additionally provided information on the first layer after the fingerprint authentication.

US Pat. No. 10,429,929

PIEZOELECTRIC ACTUATOR APPARATUS AND METHODS

BlackBerry Limited, Wate...

1. A piezoelectric actuator assembly to provide tactile feedback to a user of an electronic device, the piezoelectric actuator assembly comprising:a support plate having a recessed surface extending partially between a first side of the support plate and a second side of the support plate;
a conductive contact directly attached to the recessed surface that provides an electrical connection to a piezoelectric element;
the piezoelectric element having a first layer composed of an electrically conductive material and a second layer adjacent the first layer and composed of a piezoelectric material, the first layer composed of the electrically conductive material being sandwiched between the conductive contact and the second layer composed of the piezoelectric material, a bottom surface of the first layer of the piezoelectric element being directly in contact with a top surface of the conductive contact, and the second layer being on top of the first layer;
a flexible conductive lead electrically coupling the second layer of the piezoelectric element to a ground; and
wherein the support plate includes a conductive trace, the conductive trace connecting the conductive contact and a connector adjacent an edge of the support plate, wherein a voltage is applied to the piezoelectric element through the connector and the conductive trace, and the conductive trace is fixed on the support plate and different than the flexible conductive lead.

US Pat. No. 10,429,926

PHYSICAL OBJECT ADDITION AND REMOVAL BASED ON AFFORDANCE AND VIEW

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:tracking, using a first one or more eye gaze tracking devices, eye gaze of each user of a first group of users who view an environment through respective transparent displays, the first group of users each having a respective field of view to the environment;
assessing, based on the tracking, whether an object present in the respective fields of view of the first group of users is clutter, the object being a physical object, in the environment, within the respective fields of view of the first group of users, or the object being an augmented reality model interposed in the respective fields of view of the first group of users on the respective transparent displays; and
initiating a physical change to the environment based on the assessing, the physical change being one selected from the group consisting of: (i) based on the object being the physical object, deconstruction of that physical object in the environment, and (ii) based on the object being the augmented reality model, construction of a physical object based that augmented reality model.

US Pat. No. 10,429,921

DATACENTER POWER MANAGEMENT OPTIMIZATIONS

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A data center, comprising:a plurality of racks, each rack comprising a corresponding plurality of servers, wherein a particular rack is configured with a plurality of independently-controllable power domains including a particular power domain from which power is provided to a particular set of servers comprising two or more of the corresponding plurality of servers; and
at least one processor and memory configured to implement a power manager configured to monitor power usage at each of the power domains of the particular rack, wherein responsive to an indication at the power manager that a power consumption level at the particular power domain is below a threshold value, the power manager is configured to perform a power optimization operation comprising:
transfer of workload associated with each application executing within the particular power domain to one or more different servers obtaining power from a different power domain; and
after the workload is transferred to the one or more different servers, configure each server of the particular set of servers to a corresponding low-power state.

US Pat. No. 10,429,920

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND DRIVING METHOD THEREFOR

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A driving method, comprising:allocating a plurality of gray scale values to a plurality of first channel groups and a plurality of second channel groups;
determining, based on the gray scale values, a largest gray scale value difference of two adjacent gray scale values of each of the first channel groups, to determine a plurality of drive currents, wherein the drive currents are used to drive the first channel groups, and the drive currents are determined by:
obtaining, for a first group in the first channel groups, a plurality of first data values and a plurality of second data values in the gray scale values, wherein each of the first data values corresponds to a first gray scale value of the two adjacent gray scale values of the first group, and each of the second data values corresponds to a second gray scale value of the two adjacent gray scale values of the first group;
correspondingly subtracting the second data values from the first data values to determine a plurality of gray scale value differences;
determining the largest gray scale value difference according to the gray scale value differences; and
outputting a bias voltage control signal based on a comparison result of the largest gray scale value difference and at least one first predetermined threshold value, wherein the bias voltage control signal is used to determine at least one corresponding current in the drive currents that is used to drive the first group, and the larger the largest gray scale value difference is, the larger the at least one corresponding current is;
determining a first transient value and a second transient value that correspond to each of the second channel groups by:
obtaining, for the second channel groups, a plurality of third data values and a plurality of fourth data values, wherein each of the third data values and each of the fourth data values correspond to a second group in the second channel groups;
correspondingly subtracting the fourth data values from the third data values to obtain a plurality of first differences;
determining whether at least one of the first differences meets a first predetermined condition;
when at least one of the first differences meets the first predetermined condition, obtaining, by an adder, a sum of the at least one of the first differences that meets the first predetermined condition as the first transient value corresponding to the second group;
subtracting a reference value associated with a power saving operation from the third data values to obtain a plurality of second differences;
determining whether at least one of the second differences meets the first predetermined condition; and
when at least one of the second differences meets the first predetermined condition, obtaining, by the adder, a sum of the at least one of the second differences that meets the first predetermined condition as the second transient value corresponding to the second group; and
determining, based on the first transient value and the second transient value corresponding to each of the second channel groups, whether at least one of the second channel groups performs the power saving operation.

US Pat. No. 10,429,917

CALCULATING A THROTTLE RATE FOR BATTERY CURRENT LIMITING

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A method, comprising:determining, by a controller, that a current drawn from a power supply exceeds a threshold level for longer than a threshold duration;
calculating, by the controller, a throttle rate for a system component based, at least in part on the current drawn from the power supply and a target current level; and
controlling, by the controller, the system component to operate based on the throttle rate to reduce the current drawn from the power supply to the target current level.

US Pat. No. 10,429,915

ENHANCED DYNAMIC MEMORY MANAGEMENT WITH INTELLIGENT CURRENT/POWER CONSUMPTION MINIMIZATION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a plurality of volatile memory devices; and
a processing circuit coupled to the plurality of volatile memory devices, wherein the processing circuit is configured to perform dynamic memory management by
determining at least one of current leakage/power characteristics and/or dynamic power consumption characteristics of the memory devices in a system may be ascertained
obtaining a low-power state current/power consumption for each volatile memory device in the plurality of volatile memory devices and determining between at least two sets of volatile memory devices of the plurality of volatile memory devices which set has a lower low-power state current/power consumption when maintaining data, where obtaining the low-power state current/power consumption includes ascertaining dynamic power consumption of each volatile memory device;
copying data from a first set of the volatile memory devices, during a transition to a power-down state, to a second set of the volatile memory devices to reduce current/power consumption based on a determination that the second set of volatile memory devices has a lower low-power state current/power consumption to maintain data than the first set of volatile memory devices; and
placing the first set of volatile memory devices into the power-down state to reduce power consumption.

US Pat. No. 10,429,912

COMPUTING SYSTEM AND PROCESSOR WITH FAST POWER SURGE DETECTION AND INSTRUCTION THROTTLE DOWN TO PROVIDE FOR LOW COST POWER SUPPLY UNIT

Intel Corporation, Santa...

9. A computing system comprising:a power supply unit;
a processor having a path from an input of the processor to circuitry of the processor, the input to receive a throttle down value in response to a power draw of the processor beyond a rated maximum power of the power supply unit, the circuitry to throttle down a rate at which the processor executes instructions in response to the throttle down value to reduce the power draw of the processor below the rated maximum power within a predetermined time window that the power supply unit supplies power beyond the rated maximum power; and
sense circuitry having an output coupled to the input, the sense circuitry coupled to a circuit path, the circuit path to supply power to the processor, wherein the sense circuitry is to detect the power draw that exceeds the rated maximum power and generate the throttle down value in response.

US Pat. No. 10,429,911

APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR DETECTING DEVICE TYPES OF STORAGE DEVICES

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a drive-plane board comprising a plurality of connectors for coupling a plurality of storage devices to a power supply;
for each connector in the plurality of connectors, at least one circuit that:
is electrically coupled to the power supply;
comprises a resistor coupled between the power supply and ground;
comprises a switch connected in series between the resistor and ground;
when a storage device is connected to the power supply, outputs a signal that indicates, based on whether the switch is open or closed, a device type of the storage device; and
is electrically coupled to at least one physical processing device that:
detects the signal that is output by the circuit when the storage device is connected to the power supply;
determines, based at least in part on the signal output by the circuit, whether the device type of the storage device comprises a Serial Attached Small Computer System Interface (SAS) hard drive or a Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (SATA) hard drive; and
directs the power supply to supply power to the storage device in accordance with the device type of the storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,429,908

BLACK BODY RADIATION IN A COMPUTING DEVICE

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A computing device comprising:a housing having an inner surface;
a heat generating component positioned within the housing;
a first coating layer disposed on the inner surface of the housing, the first coating layer having a first emissivity;
a thermal management device positioned within the housing, at a distance from the inner surface of the housing, the thermal management device comprising a phase change device and a heat spreader, the thermal management device having an outer surface, the outer surface of the thermal management device comprising a first portion and a second portion; and
a second coating layer disposed on the first portion of the outer surface of the thermal management device, the second coating layer having a second emissivity, wherein the second portion of the outer surface of the thermal management device has a third emissivity,
wherein the second emissivity is greater than the third emissivity, and the first emissivity is substantially the same as the second emissivity, and
wherein the phase change device extends away from the heat generating component to the heat spreader, such that the heat spreader is physically and thermally connected to the heat generating component.

US Pat. No. 10,429,907

COOLING STRUCTURE FOR PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A cooling structure for a portable electronic device configured to accommodate, within a case having a sealing structure, a substrate on which a heat-generating component that generates heat during operation is mounted, and provided with a heat sink that diffuses the heat from the heat-generating component to a first place away from the heat-generating component, whereinthe heat sink is arranged at an inner surface of a front cover of the case or an inner surface of a rear cover of the case, and
a flat heat pipe is disposed such that one end of the flat heat pipe is arranged at a position for receiving the heat from the heat-generating component and another end of the flat heat pipe is arranged so as to be in close contact with the heat sink,
the cooling structure for the portable electronic device further comprising a shield plate which comprises a top surface, a stepped portion, and a leg portion, and the top surface, the stepped portion, and the leg portion cover the heat-generating component,
the stepped portion is bent toward the substrate such that a thickness of the shield plate is smaller than a thickness of the heat-generating component at a second place shifted away from the heat-generating component in a width direction or a length direction of the heat-generating component, the one end of the flat heat pipe being sandwiched between the stepped portion and the heat sink, wherein
the leg portion extends from the top surface to the substrate,
a face of the stepped portion closest to the heat generating component is parallel to a face of the leg portion closest to the heat generating component,
wherein the leg portion extends from the substrate to the top surface in a direction perpendicular to the top surface and the substrate, and
wherein the shield plate is between the heat generating component and the heat sink,
wherein the stepped portion comprises a first leg portion, a surface portion and a second leg portion,
wherein the first leg portion and the second leg portion are parallel to the leg portion and are perpendicular to the surface portion,
wherein the surface portion comprises the flat heat pipe thereon and is spaced away from each of and is between the heat sink and the substrate,
wherein the first leg portion is extended from the heat sink to a first side of the surface portion,
wherein the second leg portion is extended from the substrate to a second side of the surface portion opposite to the first side, and
wherein the first leg portion and the second leg portion are extended from the surface portion in opposite directions.

US Pat. No. 10,429,905

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS HAVING A HOLE AREA WITHIN SCREEN AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic apparatus, comprising:a housing comprising a first side in a first direction and a second side in a second direction which is opposite to the first direction;
a touch screen display configured to be disposed between the first side and the second side, to be exposed through the first side, the touch screen display comprising a main area and an enlarged area;
a hole area configured to be located in the enlarged area;
at least one processor configured to be in communication with the display; and
a memory configured to be electrically connected with the processor,
wherein the memory stores at least one command that is executed by the processor when a function is executed, and
wherein the processor is further configured to:
analyze an edge area of a selected content,
in response to analyzing the edge area, enlarge the selected content by at least one from among interference enlargement and non-interference enlargement, and
display the enlarged content on a display area.

US Pat. No. 10,429,898

ELECTRONIC DEVICE

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing having an opening;
a connection terminal located in the opening;
a terminal cover including a first resin member having a first surface facing the connection terminal and a second surface located opposite to the first surface, and a second resin member located on the second surface,
at least a portion of the second resin member covering a depression located on the first surface of the first resin member, wherein the second resin member is immovably fixed to the first resin member, and
the second resin member includes a stopper located on one end of the second resin member and configured to be locked in the housing, and an engagement protrusion located on the other end of the second resin member and configured to removably engage with the housing, and
in a direction in which the stopper and the engagement protrusion are aligned, a depressed amount of the depression located on the one end is larger than a depressed amount of a depression located on the other end.

US Pat. No. 10,429,897

FOLDABLE TERMINAL

GUANGDONG OPPO MOBILE TEL...

1. A foldable terminal with a flexible screen, comprising: a housing, two main bodies, a flexible screen, a first air bag and a second air bag;the housing comprising two casings and a bendable portion, the bendable portion being capable of being bent and deformed and being connected between the two casings;
the two main bodies being fixed to the two casings correspondingly;
the flexible screen comprising two fixed regions and a bendable region, the two fixed regions being fixed to the two main bodies correspondingly, and the bendable region being connected between the two fixed regions;
the first air bag being arranged between the bendable portion and the bendable region, the second air bag being provided to the main body, and the first air bag being in communication with the second air bag and both filled with sealed gas;
when the foldable terminal is in a folded state, the sealed gas is in the second air bag, the second air bag is bulged while the first air bag is shrunken and pressed between the bendable region and the bendable portion; and when the foldable terminal is in an unfolded state, the sealed gas is moved from the second air bag into the first air bag, the second air bag is shrunken while the first air bag is bulged, and the first air bag supports an inner side of the bendable region;
the first air bag comprising a first bag wall and a second bag wall, the first bag wall is closer to the bendable region compared with the second bag wall; and
when the sealed gas is located in the first air bag, a central portion of the first bag wall protrudes towards the bendable region and is arched, and a central portion of the second bag wall protrudes towards the bendable portion and is arched.

US Pat. No. 10,429,895

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a display panel including a folding area and a nonfolding area located around the folding area;
a panel bottom member under the display panel and overlapping with the folding area and the nonfolding area; and
a first pattern formed in the panel bottom member and overlapping with the folding area,
wherein the panel bottom member comprises a buffer member and a support member between the display panel and the buffer member, and the first pattern is recessed from a lower surface of the support member.

US Pat. No. 10,429,890

LOCATION-BASED POWER SAVING SOLUTION FOR WIRELESS DOCKING PRODUCTS

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A docking station comprising:a power input configured to provide power to the docking station, the power input being coupled to a power source that selectively couples power to the power input based upon a triggering signal received from an external device, the triggering signal being sent by the external device in response to a docking wireless device entering a pre-configured coverage area associated with the docking station prior to the docking wireless device docking with the docking station,
wherein the docking wireless device and the docking station are different from the external device, and
wherein the power source is initially decoupled from the power input to cause the docking station to be powered off, the power source being further configured to couple power to the power input in response to receiving the triggering signal; and
a coupler antenna coupled to a transceiver,
wherein the coupler antenna is configured to facilitate data communication with the docking wireless device via the transceiver upon the power source coupling power to the power input to power on the docking station.

US Pat. No. 10,429,886

ASSEMBLY AND HOUSING FOR TERMINAL DEVICE

Fu Tai Hua Industry (Shen...

1. A housing, comprising: a main body having an external surface, a power storage unit, a support unit, and a plug unit; wherein the power storage unit, the support unit and the plug unit are positioned on one end of the external surface, the support unit is rotatably connected to the power storage unit, and the support unit is used to support the housing to be fixed at a certain angle, and the plug unit is rotatably connected to the support unit and is used to be plugged in to a power source to charge the power storage unit the power storage unit comprises: a bottom portion; and two side portions parallel and spaced apart from each other; the bottom portion and the side portions cooperatively forming a first groove, the first groove is configured to receive the support unit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,883

CURVED MODULAR DISPLAY

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A modular display system, comprising:a center modular display, wherein the center modular display is bezel free on a left side and a right side; and
a curved modular display comprising a single bezel free side and a display area that is less than, or equal to, a display area of the center modular display, wherein the single bezel free side is in communication with the left side, or the right side, of the center modular display such that the center modular display and the curved modular display appear as a single display to a computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,429,876

REFERENCE CURRENT GENERATING CIRCUIT WITH PROCESS VARIATION COMPENSATION

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A reference current generation circuit comprising:a current source circuit configured to generate a reference current based on a resistor of the current source circuit; and
a compensation circuit which comprises a first compensation circuit, the first compensation circuit comprising:
a first compensation resistor;
a second compensation resistor;
a first current to voltage (I/V) conversion circuit comprising the first compensation resistor connected between an output terminal of the current source circuit and a ground, wherein the first compensation resistor is configured to convert the reference current into a first internal voltage;
a first buffer configured to output the first internal voltage as a first output voltage;
a first voltage to current (V/I) conversion circuit comprising the second compensation resistor connected between an output terminal of the first buffer and the ground, wherein the second compensation resistor is configured to convert the first output voltage into a first internal current; and
a first current mirror configured to perform current mirroring for the first internal current of the first V/I conversion circuit to generate a first output current,
wherein the first compensation resistor and the second compensation resistor are configured to convert the reference current into the first output current and are configured to compensate for process variation of the current source circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,875

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO MINIMIZE SWITCHING NOISE DISTURBANCE

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:a main reference voltage circuit operative to generate a main reference voltage;
one or more voltage reference circuits, each configured to receive the main reference voltage and operative to output a reference voltage in an enabled state;
wherein the one or more voltage reference circuits each comprise:
a voltage setting circuit operative to generate the reference voltage from the main reference voltage in the enabled state;
a first current limiting transistor;
a second current limiting transistor;
a control circuit operative to enable the voltage reference circuit to switch to the enabled state via an intermediate state,
wherein, in the intermediate state, the first current limiting transistor and the second current limiting transistor are connected in a current mirror configuration; and
wherein, in the enabled state, the second current limiting transistor is disconnected from the first current limiting transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,429,874

REFERENCE VOLTAGE CIRCUIT WITH CURRENT BUFFER

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A reference voltage circuit with current buffer, comprising:a low voltage reference to output a low voltage;
a first resistor-capacitor (RC) filter to filter the low voltage;
a buffer circuit to output a current to be used by a load;
a second RC filter associated with the load; and
a capacitor in parallel with the buffer circuit configured to increase a rise time of the buffer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,870

STARTUP CONTROL FOR MULTI-DROP TRANSMITTERS POWERED BY CURRENT LIMITED POWER SUPPLIES

Honeywell International I...

1. A method of operating process variable transmitters in a process control system of an industrial processing facility, comprising:providing a plurality of process variable transmitters configured for sensing a process variable within the industrial processing facility each connected in parallel to a current loop that receives power from by a common power supply driving said current loop, said process variable transmitters each including a power accumulator module comprising an energy storage device that includes at least one capacitor or a rechargeable battery and a sensor module including a transceiver coupled to a processor having an associated memory that stores a startup sequencing algorithm;
after a fixed period of time following a startup, measuring a parameter relating to an input current charging said energy storage device received from said current loop, wherein the measuring of said parameter including:
measuring an initial node voltage between the positive and negative terminals of said energy storage device, and
measuring a change in the voltage across the positive and negative terminals of said energy storage device over said fixed period of time to measure the input current charging said energy storage device;
comparing said parameter to a reference level for said parameter;
placing said process variable transmitter in a low power mode based on results of said comparing;
setting an at least partially random low power state time for said process variable transmitter, and
restarting said startup sequencing algorithm after said low power state time.

US Pat. No. 10,429,868

FLIP VOLTAGE FOLLOWER LOW DROPOUT REGULATOR

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A touch sensing controller driver, comprising:a plurality of switches, each of the plurality of switches configured to couple to a signal line of a touch panel;
a signal driver having an upper low dropout regulator (LDO) and a lower LDO, the upper LDO coupled to the plurality of switches to supply a current to the plurality of switches, the lower LDO coupled to the plurality of switches to sink the current from the plurality of switches, wherein the lower LDO comprises:
a lower operational amplifier having an output, a positive input, and a negative input; and
a lower flip voltage follower (FVF) having a lower gain device, a lower source follower device, and a lower adaptive level shifter connected to a drain of the lower source follower device and a gate of the lower gain device, wherein the output of the lower operational amplifier is configured to determine a voltage at a gate of the lower source follower device.

US Pat. No. 10,429,867

LOW DROP-OUT VOLTAGE REGULAR CIRCUIT WITH COMBINED COMPENSATION ELEMENTS AND METHOD THEREOF

Winbond Electronics Corp....

1. A low drop-out (LDO) voltage regulator circuit comprising:an error amplifier comprising a localized common-mode feedback circuit, receiving a reference voltage, a feedback voltage, and an input voltage, and generating an amplified error voltage, wherein the reference voltage is sent to an input of an input differential transistor pair;
a pass element comprising a power transistor, receiving the amplified error voltage, and generating an output voltage;
a feedback circuit receiving the output voltage and comprising a voltage divider which scales down the output voltage;
a first compensation element comprising a first terminal which connects to an output of the input differential transistor pair and a second terminal which receives the output voltage,
wherein the first compensation element comprising a first capacitor through which a first compensation current feeds back from the output voltage to the output of the input transistor pair; and
a second compensation element comprising a third terminal which receives the output voltage and connects to the second terminal and a fourth terminal which connects to an input of a first transistor pair of the localized common-mode feedback circuit;
wherein the second compensation element comprising a second capacitor through which a second compensation current feeds back from the output voltage to the input of the first differential transistor pair,
wherein the input transistor pair of the localized common-mode feedback circuit comprising a third NMOS transistor and a fourth NMOS transistor, and the second terminal of the second capacitor is connected to a second node between a source of the third NMOS transistor and a drain of the fourth NMOS transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,429,866

AUTOMATICALLY RESTARTING A VOLTAGE FOLDBACK CIRCUIT

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A method of automatically restarting a voltage foldback circuit, the method comprises:operating a circuit;
detecting a condition of the circuit;
performing a foldback operation based at least in part on the condition of the circuit;
subsequently detecting the condition of the circuit;
initiating a timer of the circuit based at least in part on the subsequent detection of the circuit, wherein the timer periodically provides pulses to the circuit if the subsequent detection indicates an overload condition is not removed, wherein the timer is coupled to a current limiting circuit and an output of the comparator via a set of parallel switches, wherein an output of the timer is provided to a first switch of the set of parallel switches, wherein the set of parallel switches are low side switches, the first switch of the parallel switches is connected to and controlled by the timer, wherein the timer receives an output of the comparator, wherein a second switch of the parallel switches is connected to and controlled by the comparator; and
returning the circuit to normal operation based on the timer, wherein returning the circuit to the normal operation occurs while maintaining a load being coupled to the circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,863

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REFRIGERATOR CONTROL

Haier US Appliance Soluti...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a refrigerator cabinet;
one or more food compartments disposed within the cabinet;
a cooling system;
one or more temperature sensors, wherein at least one temperature sensor of the one or more temperature sensors comprises a first thermistor, electrically connected to a control system and configured to obtain a temperature of at least one food compartment of the one or more food compartments;
a damper assembly disposed in a sidewall of the refrigerator cabinet, the damper assembly defining a passageway between the at least one food compartment and the first thermistor, the damper assembly having an opening in communication with the passageway and a sliding door disposed over the opening and configured to restrict airflow through the opening to the first thermistor from the at least one food compartment; and
the control system adapted to monitor and control the temperature in the at least one food compartment, wherein the control system is configured to store instructions that when executed by one or more controllers cause the one or more controllers to perform operations, the operations comprising:
determining the temperature of the at least one food compartment based, at least in part, on one or more characteristics of the first thermistor receiving air through the opening of the damper assembly;
determining, by the one or more controllers, when to operate the cooling system based, at least in part, on a comparison of the determined temperature to a first threshold value, the comparison comprises:
operating the cooling system when the determined temperature is greater than the first threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,429,861

ECONOMIZER CONTROLLER PLUG AND PLAY SYSTEM RECOGNITION WITH AUTOMATIC USER INTERFACE POPULATION

Honeywell International I...

1. An economizer controller plug and play recognition method performed by an economizer controller installed on-site for controlling an HVAC economizer system, the method comprising:discovering sensors connected to an economizer controller;
populating a menu structure in accordance with control types of discovered sensors; and
repeating the discovering during operation, where the repeating is performed automatically by the economizer controller by executing a system configuration determination routine stored in firmware of the economizer controller.

US Pat. No. 10,429,859

PRESSURE REGULATOR

1. A pressure regulator with an on/off function, said pressure regulator comprising:a housing assembly defining a fluid flow path from an input end to an output end, wherein fluid output from said housing is defined as a downstream fluid supply;
a tubular flow tube supported within said housing assembly, wherein said tubular flow tube defines a fluid flow path from a first tubular flow tube end to a second tubular flow tube end;
a pressure chamber defined by a diaphragm extending between said housing assembly and said tubular flow tube, wherein said tubular flow tube is configured for linear movement toward and away from a valve seat in response to fluid pressure on said diaphragm from said pressure chamber;
a fluid port configured to deliver fluid to said pressure chamber;
an actuator configured to selectively distribute fluid to said fluid port from one of a pressurized fluid supply and said downstream fluid supply; and
an actuation chamber in fluid connection with said fluid port, wherein said actuation chamber comprises a first fluid inlet and a second fluid inlet, wherein said first fluid inlet is configured to receive fluid from said pressurized fluid source and said second fluid inlet is configured to receive fluid from said downstream fluid supply, wherein said actuator is configured to selectively allow fluid from said first fluid inlet or said second fluid inlet to enter said chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,429,857

AIRCRAFT REFUELING WITH SUN GLARE PREVENTION

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method comprising:calculating a future time to position a receiver aircraft via an optical sensor with respect to a supply aircraft for an aerial fuel transfer;
calculating a sun position relative to the position of the receiver aircraft for the future time;
determining that the optical sensor of the receiver aircraft is susceptible to solar interference for the future time based on the sun position relative to the position of the receiver aircraft;
generating a request for the supply aircraft to move to an alternate position for the future time; and
positioning the receiver aircraft via the optical sensor at the future time with respect to the alternate position of the supply aircraft for the aerial fuel transfer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,856

SAFE TAKEOFF SYSTEM

1. On an aircraft, a system comprising:at least one inertial sensor producing a first signal;
at least one wind speed sensor producing a second signal; and
at least one flight computer, operatively coupled to the at least one inertial sensor and the at least one wind speed sensor, the at least one flight computer configured to:
measure an acceleration in response to the first signal;
compare the measured acceleration with an expected acceleration value;
determine whether the measured acceleration differs significantly from the expected acceleration value;
in response to the second signal, determine whether the aircraft is operating below an upper limit speed guaranteeing the aircraft can safely perform a low kinetic energy rejected takeoff without the risk of a runway excursion or overrun; and
if the measured acceleration is determined to different significantly from the expected acceleration value and the aircraft is determined to be operating below the upper limit speed, automatically issue control signals to automatically abort takeoff conditioned on both the comparison and the speed determination, the control signals controlling the aircraft to automatically execute a rejected takeoff by reducing or reversing thrust, applying brakes, and increasing drag by controlling aerodynamic control surfaces to bring the aircraft to a safe stop.

US Pat. No. 10,429,851

PROXIMITY SENSING ON MOBILE ROBOTS

iRobot Corporation, Bedf...

1. An autonomous robot comprising:a drive system supporting a robot body and configured to maneuver the robot over a first floor surface; and
a sensor system disposed on the robot body, the sensor system including at least one proximity sensor comprising:
a first emitter for emitting a first optical signal from the autonomous robot toward the first floor surface;
a first detector for detecting the first optical signal; and
a housing for the first emitter and the first detector comprising:
a first baffle defining a field of view of the first emitter, the first baffle directing the first optical signal transmitted from the emitter to the first floor surface; and
a second baffle defining a field of view of the first detector, the second baffle directing the first optical signal, the first optical signal being reflected from the first floor surface to the first detector at a first angle, wherein one of the first baffle or the second baffle is a double baffle including an upper pinch point and a lower pinch point, the upper pinch point defining an upper aperture in the housing and the lower pinch point defining a lower aperture in the housing further from the first emitter or the first detector, respectively, than the upper aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,429,850

AUTOMATIC PARKING APPARATUS, PARKING GUIDANCE APPARATUS, AUTOMATIC PARKING METHOD, AND PARKING GUIDANCE METHOD

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An automatic parking apparatus of a vehicle, comprising:a monitor device configured to photograph surroundings of the vehicle;
an image display device comprising:
a display screen configured to display an image obtained through the photographing by the monitor device;
a processor configured to generate a new image from the image obtained through the photographing, and to control the display to display the new image; and
an input device comprising a touch panel on the display screen; and
a vehicle control device configured to control the vehicle to move to a parking area, which is designated through the input device with respect to the displayed new image,
wherein the parking area is designated by having an area drawn via the input device or by dragging, via the touch panel, the vehicle displayed in the new image to the area,
wherein the processor is further configured to control the display screen to display the parking area on the display screen based on input exhibiting a rectangular shape drawn via the touch panel based on the parking area being designated by the area drawn via the input device, and
wherein the processor is further configured to control the display screen to display the parking area on the display screen based on a slide operation for moving a location area mark of the vehicle at a start time of a parking operation on the display screen, which is input to the touch panel, based on the parking area being designated by the dragging of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,429,848

AUTOMATIC DRIVING SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An automatic driving system comprising:an electronic control unit configured to
recognize a position of a vehicle on a map;
recognize a vehicle state of the vehicle;
recognize an external environment of the vehicle;
create a traveling plan including a control target value of automatic driving control of the vehicle based on the position of the vehicle on the map, the vehicle state, and the external environment;
execute the automatic driving control by transmitting, based on the control target value of the traveling plan, a command value to an actuator of the vehicle;
calculate, during execution of the automatic driving control, an abnormality value based on the command value and the vehicle state corresponding to the command value; and
determine, based on the abnormality value, whether the vehicle is an a normal state, an abnormal state, or an intermediate state, the intermediate state being a state between the normal state and the abnormal state, wherein
the electronic control unit is configured to
create a normal traveling plan as the traveling plan when it has been determined that the vehicle is in the normal state,
create an abnormal traveling plan as the traveling plan when it has been determined that the vehicle is in the abnormal state, and
create a previously created traveling plan as the traveling plan, the previously created traveling plan being the normal traveling plan or the abnormal traveling plan, when it has been determined that the vehicle is in the intermediate state, wherein
in the abnormal traveling plan, at least one of the control target value, a maximum allowable value of the control target value, and a maximum allowable value of a temporal variation of the control target value is less than that in the normal traveling plan.

US Pat. No. 10,429,846

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR COMMUNICATING INTENT OF AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. One or more non-transitory computer-readable media that collectively store instructions that, when executed by one or more processors, cause a computing system to perform operations comprising:receiving, from an autonomy computing system of an autonomous vehicle, data included in a motion plan for the autonomous vehicle determined by the autonomy computing system and indicating an intent of the autonomous vehicle;
determining, based at least in part on the data included in the motion plan and indicating the intent, a plurality of intents of the autonomous vehicle indicating that the autonomous vehicle is stopped or stopping in response to at least a first event and a second event;
selecting, from amongst the plurality of intents and based at least in part on a predetermined hierarchy, the intent of the autonomous vehicle, wherein selecting the intent of the autonomous vehicle comprises determining a relationship between the first event and the second event in the predetermined hierarchy;
responsive to determining that the data included in the motion plan and indicating the intent meets a predetermined threshold, determining that the intent of the autonomous vehicle should be communicated to a passenger of the autonomous vehicle; and
responsive to determining that the intent of the autonomous vehicle should be communicated to the passenger:
generating a graphical interface indicating the intent of the autonomous vehicle; and
providing for display, for viewing by the passenger, the graphical interface.

US Pat. No. 10,429,845

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A POSITION OF A MARINE VESSEL NEAR AN OBJECT

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A method for controlling a position of a marine vessel, the marine vessel being powered by a marine propulsion system and movable with respect to first, second, and third axes that are perpendicular to one another and define six degrees of freedom of potential vessel movement, the method comprising:measuring a present location of the marine vessel;
determining a present heading of the marine vessel;
based on the marine vessel's present location, determining with a controller that the marine vessel is less than or equal to a predetermined range from a target location;
determining, with the controller, marine vessel movements that are required to translate the marine vessel from the present location to the target location and to rotate the marine vessel from the present heading to a target heading; and
in response to the marine vessel being less than or equal to the predetermined range from the target location, automatically controlling the marine propulsion system with the controller to produce components of the required marine vessel movements one degree of freedom at a time during a given iteration of control;
allowing a wait time to pass after producing all components of the required marine vessel movements one degree of freedom at a time during a given iteration of control; and
in response to expiration of the wait time:
measuring an updated present location of the marine vessel;
determining an updated present heading of the marine vessel;
determining, with the controller, updated marine vessel movements that are required to translate the marine vessel from the updated present location to the target location and to rotate the marine vessel from the updated present heading to the target heading; and
automatically controlling the marine propulsion system with the controller to produce components of the updated required marine vessel movements one degree of freedom at a time during a given iteration of control.

US Pat. No. 10,429,844

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING A VERTICAL PROFILE FOR AN IN-TRAIL PROCEDURE

1. A method, comprising:providing, by a computer processor, in a hardware display, a graphical vertical profile displaying an aircraft to a pilot of the aircraft; and
providing, by the computer processor, in the vertical profile, dedicated and simultaneous indications of a relative speed of and for every other aircraft shown in the vertical profile when a plurality of other aircraft are shown and only a single graphical indication of a clearance window for vertical maneuvers for the aircraft of the pilot, the clearance window provided as a single contiguous area circumscribing a subset portion of the vertical profile, even when more than two flight levels are shown; wherein:
the clearance window, when displayed within the displayed vertical profile, further comprises one of:
a single visual indication that spans all flight levels that are obstructed according to predefined flight rules when a plurality of flight levels are obstructed, and
a single visual indication that spans all allowable flight levels according to the predefined flight rules.

US Pat. No. 10,429,843

PARAMETRIZABLE AUTOMATIC PILOTING SYSTEM INTENDED FOR AN AIRCRAFT

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

12. A method of automatic piloting aboard an aircraft comprising a step of acquiring aircraft signals, a step of interacting with the crew, and a step of processing output signals, further comprising certified calculation steps parameterized by means of a database of binary parameters (DB) for:Formulating an external context, by means of a set of variables representative of conditions exterior to the automatic piloting system, generated on the basis of the aircraft signals;
Formulating an operational context, by means of a set of variables representative of operational conditions internal to the automatic piloting system, generated on the basis of aircraft signals or of external-context variables;
Formulating execution logic for the automatic piloting system, by associating with an activation event, at least one external or operational context and an activation type;
Managing piloting or guidance directives commanded by the pilot or calculated by the automatic piloting system on the basis of an activation event, for a given context;
Managing piloting or guidance laws and modes, by means of a set of guidance segments which is associated with at least one activation logic, a piloting configuration, or a guidance dynamics.

US Pat. No. 10,429,839

MULTI-SENSOR ENVIRONMENTAL MAPPING

SZ DJI TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

19. One or more non-transitory computer-readable storage media having stored thereon executable instructions that, when executed by one or more processors onboard an unmanned aerial vehicle within an environment, cause the one or more processors to:(a) determine, using at least one of a plurality of sensors carried by the unmanned aerial vehicle, an initial location of the unmanned aerial vehicle, wherein the plurality of sensors comprise (1) at least one vision sensor configured to capture image data to generate a first sensing signal and (2) at least one proximity sensor configured to obtain distance data to generate a second sensing signal;
(b) assess suitability of the first and second sensing signals for generating various portions of an environmental map, wherein said assessment is based on distinct characteristics of the various portions of the environment and distinct capabilities of the at least one vision sensor and the at least one proximity sensor;
(c) based on the assessed suitability of (b), (i) select the first sensing signal for generating a first portion of the environmental map, and (ii) select the second sensing signal for generating a second portion of the environmental map, wherein the first sensing signal is assessed to be more suitable than the second sensing signal for generating the first portion of the environmental map, and wherein the second sensing signal is assessed to be more suitable than the first sensing signal for generating the second portion of the environmental map;
(d) based on the selected sensing signals of (c), (i) process the image data captured by the vision sensor to generate a first set of depth images including depth information for the first portion of the environmental map, and (ii) process the distance data obtained by the proximity sensor to generate a second set of depth images including depth information for the second portion of the environmental map;
(e) combine the first and second sets of depth images to generate the environmental map; and
(f) effect the unmanned aerial vehicle to autonomously return to the initial location or fly to a specified location utilizing the environmental map.

US Pat. No. 10,429,838

UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) LANDING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

The Boeing Company, Chic...

19. A system for landing a plurality of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) at a destination, the system comprising:the plurality of UAVs that are to arrive at the destination; and
a landing coordination control unit that is configured to switch the plurality of UAVs from a normal operating mode to a landing mode in response to the plurality of UAVs entering a regulated airspace in relation to the destination, wherein the normal operating mode includes normal instructions for flying and navigating to the destination, wherein the landing mode includes landing instructions for a landing sequence into a landing zone at the destination, and wherein the landing coordination control unit is configured to automatically provide an order of landing for the plurality of UAVs at the landing zone.

US Pat. No. 10,429,837

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE PARKED AT A FIRST POSITION

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a motor vehicle parked at a first position, using a mobile terminal, comprising:monitoring, using at least one sensor, at least one of a surrounding field of the parked motor vehicle and a route from a present position of the mobile terminal to the parked motor vehicle;
transmitting monitoring data, based on the monitoring, via a wireless communication network to the mobile terminal;
computerized ascertaining of a second position, the second position being ascertained using a computer based on the second position satisfying one or more predetermined conditions;
after transmitting the monitoring data, receiving a move command, sent from the mobile terminal via the wireless communication network, for moving the motor vehicle away from the first position; and
operating the motor vehicle in a driverless manner to move the motor vehicle from the first position to the ascertained second position in response to the reception of the move command sent from the mobile terminal via the wireless communication network;
wherein the one or more predetermined conditions include at least one of the following: (i) that the second position is illuminated with a predetermined brightness, and/or (ii) that traffic in an area surrounding the second position exhibits a predetermined minimum density, and/or (iii) that the second position is located on a roadway, and/or (iv) that the second position is located at an exit of a parking facility.

US Pat. No. 10,429,831

ADJUSTING INDUSTRIAL VEHICLE PERFORMANCE

Crown Equipment Corporati...

1. A computer-executed process of evaluating industrial vehicle performance, the process comprising:computing, by a processor programmed by program code stored in memory, a combined cutback curve for a kinematic function of driving an industrial vehicle by:
obtaining a first cutback curve characterizing speed versus distance when traveling down a path;
obtaining a second cutback curve characterizing speed versus distance in an end of aisle speed restricted zone; and
computing the combined cutback curve by taking the minimum points when the first cutback curve is overlaid onto the second cutback curve where path distance defines a common coordinate axis;
generating a kinematic model of the industrial vehicle based on the kinematic function of driving the industrial vehicle, and at least one constraint of an environment in which the industrial vehicle operates, and
performing a simulation based on the kinematic model of the industrial vehicle, comprising applying the kinematic model to:
a workflow model that defines tasks of the industrial vehicle within the environment, wherein the tasks are based upon the kinematic model; and
a job specification that characterizes a job associated with the defined workflow model;
wherein the kinematic model is applied to evaluate industrial vehicle performance and determine results, and the combined cutback curve modifies at least one vehicle performance parameter for the kinematic function of driving while executing at least one task; and
performing a predetermined action based on the results.

US Pat. No. 10,429,829

MONITORING SYSTEM, PARTICLE BEAM THERAPY SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF REPAIRING PLANT

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A monitoring system comprising:a local control device that controls a plant apparatus on the basis of operation state data of the plant apparatus;
a high-order control system that is connected to the local control device through a first communication network path and controls the plant apparatus in accordance with a transmission period of the operation state data;
a monitoring and diagnosis system that monitors the plant apparatus in accordance with a monitoring period longer than the transmission period of the operation state data of the local control device;
an information discrimination unit that is disposed at the first communication network path connecting the local control device and the high-order control system to each other, performs discrimination so as to transmit a packet, which is input, to only a network port of an apparatus having a transmission destination network address, and transmits the operation state information to the high-order control system;
an information transmission unit that is disposed between the local control device of the first communication network path and the information discrimination unit, and transmits a packet received to a plurality of network ports; and
a monitoring subsystem that includes an input network port coupled to the information transmission unit to acquire the operation state information of the plant apparatus from the information transmission unit, performs diagnosis based on a preset diagnosis algorithm to thereby obtain monitoring data from the operation state information, and includes an output network port coupled to an entry network port of the information discrimination unit to transmit the monitoring information, from the output network port through a second communication network path which passes through the information discrimination unit via the entry network port and continues to the monitoring and diagnosis system via an exit network port of the information discrimination unit which is coupled to the monitoring and diagnosis system.

US Pat. No. 10,429,828

PLANT SIMULATION DEVICE AND PLANT SIMULATION METHOD WITH FIRST PARAMETER ADJUSTABLE AT START AND SECOND PARAMETER ADJUSTABLE DURING OPERATION OF THE PLANT

YOKOGAWA ELECTRIC CORPORA...

1. A plant simulation device comprising:a first storage that stores a model that models a state of a facility in a plant, a first parameter that is adjusted at a start operation of the plant, and a second parameter that is varied during an operation of the plant, wherein the first parameter and the second parameter are set in the model; and
a simulator that compares a process value of the facility with a simulated value calculated using the model and that adjusts the first parameter at the start operation of the plant,
wherein the simulator further compares the process value of the facility with the simulated value calculated using the model that includes the adjusted first parameter and adjusts the second parameter during the operation of the plant.

US Pat. No. 10,429,825

COLLABORATIVE AUTOMATION PLATFORM

King Fahd University of P...

1. A collaborative automation platform, comprising:a fault-tolerant controller server hosting one or more virtual controllers, wherein each controller is configured to run a control application;
a master junction box having a master autonomous process interface system;
a plurality of junction boxes connected to the master junction box, wherein each junction box is hard-wired to one or more field instruments and configured to receive measurement data from each field instrument; and
an input/output server comprises a fault-tolerant input/output server hosting a virtual input/output system hosting one or more input/output systems, each input/output system connected to a respective master autonomous process interface system via a local area input/output network, wherein each the virtual input/output system is configured to acquire status changes of each junction box,
record a sequence of events based on the acquired status changes,
generate applicable alarms based on the sequence of events, and
publish any changed values to subscribers, via real-time data distribution service (DDS) middleware,
wherein the real-time data distribution service middleware is configured for execution with the fault-tolerant control server, the fault-tolerant input/output server, the master autonomous process interface system, and a plurality of DAPI systems.

US Pat. No. 10,429,823

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING A SEQUENCE OF EVENTS ASSOCIATED WITH A CONDITION IN A PROCESS PLANT

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A method for identifying a sequence of events associated with a condition in a process plant using a control system, the method comprising:recording process data of one or more field devices of the control system, wherein the process data is timestamped;
recording audio input from each personnel of a plurality of personnel of the process plant, in relation to the condition in the process plant, wherein the audio input is tagged according to identity information of the corresponding personnel;
temporally synchronizing content of each audio input with process information of at least one of an equipment related with the condition and an event from a plurality of events, wherein the process information of at least one of the equipment and the event, is identified from the process data;
identifying a keyword in the temporarily synchronized content of each audio input;
comparing each keyword with the process information of at least one of the related equipment and the related event, for identifying at least one of a new process information and a supplementary process information related to the condition, from the temporally synchronized content of the corresponding audio input; and
identifying the sequence of events associated with the condition, based on at least one of the new process information and the supplementary process information identified for each keyword, and the plurality of events identified from the process data.

US Pat. No. 10,429,819

FASTENING DEVICE AND FASTENING METHOD

Fu Tai Hua Industry (Shen...

1. A fastening device, comprising:a base;
a cover coupled to the base and comprising a plurality of guiding holes;
a plurality of receiving members coupled to the base and configured to receive a plurality of fastening elements;
an installation member coupled to the base and configured to fasten a specific one of the fastening elements to an electronic device;
a plurality of first sensing devices, each first sensing device corresponding to one of the receiving members to detect the installation member,
a plurality of second sensing devices, each second sensing device secured on the cover and corresponding to one of the guiding holes to detect the installation member; wherein each of the first sensing devices corresponds to at least one of the second sensing devices;
a processing unit electrically coupled to the first sensing devices, the second sensing devices, and the installation member; and
a storage device; wherein the storage device is coupled to the processing unit and stores a plurality of instructions, when the instructions are executed by the processing unit, the processing unit:
determines, by a specific one of the first sensing devices corresponding to a specific one of the receiving members, the installation member is to acquire the specific fastening element from the specific receiving member;
determines, by a specific one of the second sensing devices corresponding to a specific one of the guiding holes, the installation member is to move towards the specific guiding hole; and
controls the installation member to fasten the specific fastening element to the electronic device through the specific guiding hole when the specific first sensing device corresponds to the specific second sensing device.

US Pat. No. 10,429,818

NUMERICAL CONTROL DEVICE

FANUC Corporation, Minam...

1. A numerical control device for controlling a drive shaft of a machining tool based on a machining program, the numerical control device comprising a processor, the processor configured to:acquire an operating condition data representing operating condition of the shaft;
acquire an executing part of the machining program;
acquire a stopping factor information representing an information concerning a stopping factor at a time when the drive shaft stops;
store the operating condition data, the executing part, and the stopping factor, with each being related to an acquisition time thereof;
store a reduction information of the stopping time corresponding to the stopping factor information;
determine whether the stopping time corresponding to the stopping factor information satisfies a predetermining threshold value;
responsive to determining that the stopping time corresponding to the stopping factor information satisfies the predetermined threshold value, acquire the reduction information of the stopping time corresponding to the stopping factor information based on the stored stopping factor information; and
display the stored executing part and the stopping factor information, and the acquired reduction information of the stopping time corresponding to the stopping factor information,
wherein the predetermined threshold value corresponds to a time duration associated with reducing a cycle time of the machining tool.

US Pat. No. 10,429,815

MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE, POSITION CONTROL SYSTEM, AND MOTOR CONTROL METHOD

KABUSHIKI KAISHA YASKAWA ...

12. A position control system, comprising:a plurality of motors configured to control a position control machines;
a host control device comprising circuitry configured to input a plurality of position commands; and
a plurality of motor control devices each comprising a drive controller configured to control driving of a respective one of the motors based on the position commands input from the host control device,
wherein each of the plurality of motor control devices comprises an offset value memory configured to store a plurality of offset values corresponding to a plurality of predetermined values of the plurality of position commands, respectively, and the drive controller configured to acquire, from the offset value memory, one of the offset values corresponding to an input position command among the position commands, and control driving of the respective one of the motors based on an offset position command obtained by adding the one of the offset values to or subtracting the one of the offset values from the input position command,
wherein the drive controller is configured to determine a master-slave relation among the motor control devices, control the driving of the respective one of the motors based on the offset position command when a respective one of the motor control devices has a slave relation with respect to another one of the motor control devices, and control the driving of the respective one of the motors based on the input position command when the respective one of the motor control devices has a master relation with respect to another one of the motor control devices.

US Pat. No. 10,429,811

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TESTING CONVERGENCE OF CLOSED-LOOP CONTROL SYSTEMS

1. A method of evaluating a stability of a control system, the method comprising:generating, using a processing device, one or more convergence classifier functions from a closed-loop model, wherein the one or more convergence classifier functions convey convergent behavior of the closed-loop model over a pre-determined period of time;
generating, using the processing device, a plurality of test cases of an input space of the closed-loop model under evaluation; and
determining, using the processing device, whether one or more individual test cases of the plurality of test cases do not satisfy the one or more convergence classifier functions, wherein test cases that do not satisfy the one or more convergence classifier functions are indicative of non-converging behavior of the control system.

US Pat. No. 10,429,808

SYSTEM THAT AUTOMATICALLY INFERS EQUIPMENT DETAILS FROM CONTROLLER CONFIGURATION DETAILS

Honeywell International I...

1. A system for detecting HVAC equipment faults comprising:a controller having HVAC equipment data about the HVAC equipment and convertible into configuration data used to configure the controller to control the HVAC equipment, wherein the configuration data includes descriptions about type of the controlled HVAC equipment; and
a server operatively coupled to the controller and configured to:
obtain the configuration data from the controller;
examine the configuration data to obtain the descriptions about the type of the controlled HVAC equipment for one or more devices from the controlled HVAC equipment;
determine one or more items about the one or more devices from the descriptions about the type of the controlled HVAC equipment for the one or more devices;
identify a set of specific equipment configuration values from the one or more items;
access a set of fault detection procedures based on the determined one or more items, wherein each fault detection procedure from the set of fault detection procedures has a set of triggering condition point values;
identify the set of triggering condition point values that are met by the set of specific equipment configuration values;
identify a fault detection procedure from the set of fault detection procedures that has the set of triggering conditions that are met by the set of specific equipment configuration values;
execute the fault detection procedure on the one or more devices using operational data for the one or more devices obtained from the controller in response to the triggering condition point values being met by the set of specific equipment configuration values;
define an equipment template based on the executed fault detection procedure;
map configuration parameters for the one or more devices to the equipment template; and
obtain equipment specific analytic algorithms for the one or more devices based on the mapped configuration parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,429,807

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING AN APPROPRIATE MODEL PARAMETER ORDER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A building control system comprising:building equipment operable to control a variable state or condition of a building site;
a building analysis system configured to use statistical hypothesis testing to determine an appropriate parameter order for an energy use model for the building site, the statistical hypothesis testing comprising using performance data for the building site to test a null hypothesis that the energy use model has a first parameter order relative to an alternative hypothesis that the energy use model has a second parameter order different from the first parameter order;
wherein the statistical hypothesis testing comprises calculating a first regression statistic indicating a fit of the energy use model to the performance data under the null hypothesis that the energy use model has the first parameter order;
calculating a second regression statistic indicating a fit of the energy use model to the performance data under the alternative hypothesis that the energy use model has the second parameter order;
generating a test statistic indicating an improvement between the first regression statistic and the second regression statistic;
comparing the test statistic to a threshold value to determine whether the improvement warrants rejecting the null hypothesis;
determining the appropriate parameter order for the energy use model based on a result of the comparison; and
a building controller configured to use the energy use model with the appropriate parameter order to operate the building equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,429,806

VOLATILE COMPOSITION DISPENSER HAVING A TEMPERATURE SENSOR TO REMOTELY CONTROL AN AIR HANDLING DEVICE

1. A system for controlling the temperature in at least one room, the system comprising:a central communication unit capable of receiving incoming signals and sending outgoing instructions, the central communication unit communicably connected with a memory configured to store at least one temperature set point;
a volatile composition dispenser having a temperature sensor, wherein the volatile composition dispenser comprises a volatile composition, wherein the temperature sensor is communicably connectable with the central communication through a wireless communication link, wherein the temperature sensor is configured to measure the temperature in a room and send temperature measurements in the form of incoming signals to the central communication unit; and
an air handling device communicably connectable with the central communication unit and configured to turn on or off upon receipt of an outgoing instruction from the central communication unit,
wherein the central communication unit compares the incoming signals of temperature measurement from the temperature sensor on the volatile composition dispenser with the temperature set point and sends outgoing instructions to the air handling device to heat or cool a room to the temperature set point if the temperature measurement from the temperature sensor on the volatile composition dispenser is different from the temperature set point and to turn off if the temperature measurement is equal to or substantially equal to the temperature set point,
wherein the volatile composition dispenser is movable throughout the at least one room or movable into a different room.

US Pat. No. 10,429,805

CONTROL SYSTEM AND RECEPTION DEVICE

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A control system comprising:a first transmitter wearable by a first user;
a second transmitter wearable by a second user; and
a reception device comprising:
a receiver configured to receive a wireless signal from the first transmitter being worn by the first user and a wireless signal from the second transmitter being worn by the second user, and
at least one processor configured to cause the reception device to:
measure a distance between the reception device and the first transmitter in accordance with intensity of the wireless signal from the first transmitter received by the receiver,
measure a distance between the reception device and the second transmitter in accordance with intensity of the wireless signal from the second transmitter received by the receiver,
set a limitation on operation of the reception device when both
the measured distance between the reception device and the first transmitter is within a predetermined distance, and
the measured distance between the reception device and the second transmitter is not within the predetermined distance, and,
when the wireless signal from the first transmitter is no longer received by the receiver for a predetermined period of time while the limitation on operation of the reception device is set, release the limitation on operation of the reception device,
wherein the reception device is an electric fan and the limitation on operation is a reduction in rotation speed of the electric fan, or the reception device is a heating appliance and the limitation on operation is a reduction in temperature of the heating appliance or a stopping of operation of the heating appliance.

US Pat. No. 10,429,800

LAYERED APPROACH TO ECONOMIC OPTIMIZATION AND MODEL-BASED CONTROL OF PAPER MACHINES AND OTHER SYSTEMS

Honeywell Limited, Missi...

1. A method for optimization and model-based control of a paper-making process, the method comprising:receiving at least one controlled variable of a paper web from a sensor of a plurality of sensors and actuators deployed in one or more locations across the paper web in the paper-making process, wherein the at least one controlled variable is includes one or more measurements of tension, caliper, moisture, anisotropy, basis weight, color, gloss, sheen, haze, and surface features of the paper web;
generating a control tracking error using a control algorithm for the paper-making process using a controller objective function and at least one controlled variable target, wherein the control tracking error is the difference between a predicted value of the at least one controlled variable and a set point for the at least one controlled variable;
implementing the at least one controlled variable target through the plurality of sensors and actuators of the paper-making process;
optimizing the control tracking error by executing an optimization algorithm for the paper-making process using an extended version of the controller objective function, the extended version of the controller objective function including one or more additional terms added to the controller objective function, wherein the optimization tracking error of the optimization algorithm is provided to the control algorithm;
based on the control tracking error and the optimization tracking error associated with the at least one controlled variable, adjusting at least one adaptive weight parameter in the extended version of the controller objective function, the at least one adaptive weight parameter associated with at least one of the one or more additional terms, wherein each tracking error represents a difference between (i) a predicted value of a specific controlled variable at an end of a prediction horizon and (ii) a target value for the specific controlled variable; and
controlling a component of the paper-making process using the at least one adaptive weight parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,429,799

ANALOG ELECTRONIC TIMEPIECE

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. An analog electronic timepiece comprising:a plurality of hands that are rotatable;
a memory that stores both (i) local time setting information and (ii) update information to be applied to a time zone, the update information being correction information set by a user for correcting the local time setting information;
a current position acquisition unit that acquires a current position and that stores the acquired current position in the local time setting information in the memory, wherein the local time setting information includes time zone information, applying information which indicates whether or not to apply the update information, and daylight saving time implementation information for each of a plurality of areas;
a processor that rotates the plurality of hands, that reads and acquires a local time setting corresponding to the acquired current position from the memory, and that selects and sets a time zone; and
a counting unit that counts local time,
wherein the counting unit (i) counts the local time based on updated data of the local time setting information, which is generated by rewriting values of initial settings of the local time setting information to be updated values based on the update information, when the applying information included in the local time setting information indicates to apply the update information to the time zone, and (i) counts the local time based on the initial settings of the local time setting information, when the applying information included in the local time setting information indicates not to apply the update information to the time zone, and
wherein the processor controls at least one of the plurality of hands to display a local time determination result as to whether or not the local time setting information stored in the memory, based on which the counting unit counts the local time, includes the acquired current position.

US Pat. No. 10,429,798

GENERATING TIMER DATA

Lenovo (Singapore) PTE. L...

1. An apparatus comprising:an input device;
a processor;
a memory that stores code executable by the processor to:
identify a timer command from a command signal from a user through the input device;
identify a timer interval and timer characteristics of a timer from the timer command;
generate a timer tag for the timer from the timer interval and the timer characteristics, wherein the timer tag is a natural language description of the timer characteristics;
generate a timer alert from the timer tag using a neural network trained on query patterns and response templates, wherein each query pattern is a natural language pattern for inquiring regarding the timer characteristics and has a corresponding response template for responding to the query pattern and reporting on an automated action for the query pattern;
detect the timer interval expiring; and
in response to the timer interval expiring, communicate the timer alert.

US Pat. No. 10,429,797

MODULE AND TIMEPIECE

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. A module comprising:hands and a hand shaft to which the hands are attached, wherein the hand shaft extends along a hand shaft length direction;
a hand driving mechanism configured to drive the hand shaft so as to move the hands;
a first display screen configured to display information, wherein the first display screen and the hand driving mechanism are arranged to intersect a first plane perpendicular to the hand shaft length direction;
a second display screen configured to display information, wherein the second display screen is arranged between the first display screen and the hands along the hand shaft length direction, wherein the second display screen does not overlap with the first display screen in the hand shaft length direction;
a function hand and a function hand shaft to which the function hand is attached, wherein the function hand shaft extends along the hand shaft length direction;
a function hand driving mechanism configured to drive the function hand shaft so as to move the function hand; and
a button-type battery,
wherein the function hand driving mechanism and the button-type battery are arranged to intersect a second plane, parallel to the first plane, perpendicular to the hand shaft length direction.

US Pat. No. 10,429,796

TIMEPIECE COMPONENT WITH A PART HAVING AN IMPROVED WELDING SURFACE

Nivarox-FAR S.A., Le Loc...

1. A timepiece component comprising:a member provided with a substantially horizontal surface and a substantially vertical surface; and
a part fitted and welded onto the member,
wherein the part includes at least one face with a substantially rectilinear wall adjacent to an oblique wall to ensure that the part is fitted in an isostatic configuration to improve the welding thereof onto the member,
wherein the oblique wall is formed on the part to extend between the substantially horizontal surface and the substantially vertical surface when the part is fitted onto the member, and
wherein the member is part of a balance staff and the part is part of a balance spring.

US Pat. No. 10,429,793

DEVELOPING CARTRIDGE INCLUDING CONFIGURABLE PROTRUSION

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A developing cartridge comprising:a casing having an outer surface and configured to accommodate therein developing agent;
a developing roller extending in a first direction;
a coupling positioned at the outer surface and rotatable about a first axis extending in the first direction, the coupling configured to rotate the developing roller;
an agitator extending in the first direction and rotatable about an agitator axis extending in the first direction, the agitator configured to rotate in response to rotation of the coupling; and
a first protrusion positioned at the outer surface, the first protrusion being configurable to selectively extend one of a first distance from the developing roller and a second distance from the developing roller, wherein a third distance between the first axis and the agitator axis is greater than the first distance and is greater than the second distance.

US Pat. No. 10,429,792

WASTE TONER CONTAINER AND IMAGE-FORMING APPARATUS PROVIDED WITH THE SAME

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A waste toner container attachable to and detachable from a housing of an image-forming apparatus through an opening formed in the housing, the waste toner container comprising:a casing configured to accommodate waste toner therein, the casing having a first end and a second end positioned opposite to the opening with respect to the first end in a state where the waste toner container is attached to the housing, a direction connecting the first end to the second end being a first direction, and a direction crossing the first direction being a second direction;
a guide pipe connected to the casing and configured to guide the waste toner into the casing, the guide pipe having an inlet opening through which the waste toner is introduced into the guide pipe, the guide pipe being pivotally movable relative to the casing between a first position and a second position, the guide pipe at the first position extending in the first direction, the guide pipe at the second position extending in the second direction, the guide pipe at the first position having a length in the second direction smaller than a length in the second direction of the guide pipe at the second position; and
a shutter movable relative to the guide pipe, the shutter being configured to close off an internal space of the guide pipe at the first position, the shutter being configured to allow communication of the internal space of the guide pipe at the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,429,790

REPLACEABLE UNIT FOR AN ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING DEVICE HAVING A RETRACTABLE ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL, IN...

1. A toner cartridge for use in an electrophotographic image forming device, comprising:a housing having a top, a bottom, a front and a rear positioned between a first side and a second side of the housing, the housing has a reservoir for holding toner;
an outlet port in fluid communication with the reservoir and facing downward on the front of the housing for exiting toner from the toner cartridge;
an electrical connector on the first side of the housing, the electrical connector is movable between a retracted position and an operative position, the electrical connector includes an electrical contact for contacting a corresponding electrical contact in the image forming device when the electrical connector is in the operative position, the electrical connector and the electrical contact of the toner cartridge move upward toward the top of the housing when the electrical connector moves from the retracted position to the operative position, the electrical connector and the electrical contact of the toner cartridge move downward toward the bottom of the housing when the electrical connector moves from the operative position to the retracted position, the electrical contact of the toner cartridge is electrically connected to processing circuitry mounted on the housing, the electrical connector includes a slit that extends downward when the electrical connector is in the operative position and that is configured to receive a post on the corresponding electrical contact in the image forming device to guide the corresponding electrical contact in the image forming device relative to the electrical connector as the electrical connector moves upward from the retracted position to the operative position and downward from the operative position to the retracted position.

US Pat. No. 10,429,788

TONER CASE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A toner case that is attached to a case attachment portion of an image forming apparatus, the toner case comprising:a case main body in which toner is stored;
a light deflector configured to receive light that has been emitted from the case attachment portion toward the case main body, and deflect the light outward;
a toner discharge port provided in the case main body so as to discharge the toner from the case main body;
an opening/closing member configured to open and close the toner discharge port by operating upon receiving a driving force; and
a lever provided at one of opposite ends of the case main body in a longitudinal direction and configured to cause the opening/closing member to operate, wherein
the case main body is formed to be elongated along a single direction, and the opposite ends thereof in the longitudinal direction are supported by the case attachment portion, and
the lever comprises the light deflector.

US Pat. No. 10,429,786

DRIVE TRANSMISSION DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING THE DRIVE TRANSMISSION DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A drive transmission device comprising:a drive transmission body to which a drive force is applied from a drive source; and
a rotary shaft having a press-in portion mounted on one end thereof in an axial direction, the press-in portion having multiple planes disposed parallel to the axial direction and configured to receive the drive transmission body,
the multiple planes including an upstream side plane and a downstream side plane disposed downstream from the upstream side plane in a press-in direction of the drive transmission body, the upstream side plane and the downstream side plane being aligned along the press-in direction of the drive transmission body and having respective distances different from each other from an axial center of the rotary shaft,
a distance from the downstream side plane to the axial center being greater than a distance from the upstream side plane to the axial center.

US Pat. No. 10,429,785

FIXING BELT HAVING HIGH SEPARABILITY, FIXING DEVICE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A fixing belt comprising:a base layer made of a heat-resistant resin;
an intermediate layer made of a heat-resistant elastic material disposed on the base layer; and
a surface layer made of a fluororesin disposed on the intermediate layer, the surface layer containing 5 to 15 mass % of carbon black having a primary average particle diameter of 10 to 50 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,429,784

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A fixing device comprising:an endless belt member that rotates, and includes a first end on one side in an axial direction and a second end on the other side in the axial direction;
a belt support that comes into contact with part of an inner circumferential surface of the belt member to support an inner side of the belt member;
a guide portion disposed on the inner side of the belt member at at least one of the first and second ends of the belt member to guide the belt member moving in a circumferential direction;
a protruding portion disposed at a position in the circumferential direction of the belt member different from a position in the circumferential direction at which the belt support is disposed, the protruding portion protruding from the guide portion toward the other one of the first and second ends of the belt member; and
a support portion disposed on the inner side of the belt member at a position closer to a radial center portion of the belt member than the protruding portion to support the protruding portion from the center portion.

US Pat. No. 10,429,780

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a fixing member and a pressing member forming a fixing nip therebetween;
a heat generator disposed to heat a print medium passing through the fixing nip via the fixing member; and
a processor configured to control the heat generator to start heating at a timing when a non-fixed image portion formed on the print medium is expected to reach the fixing nip, based on image data of an image to be fixed, a conveyance speed of the print medium, and an estimated heat capacity of the print medium.

US Pat. No. 10,429,774

FIXING DEVICE HAVING SEPARATING MEMBER FOR SEPARATING SHEET FROM HEATING MEMBER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A fixing device comprising:a heating member heating a toner transferred on a sheet;
a pressing member forming a pressing area with the heating member, the toner being pressed at the pressing area; and
a separating member contacting an outer circumferential face of the heating member and separating the sheet passed through the pressing area from the heating member,
wherein the heating member has a contact area and a non-contact area in an axis direction perpendicular to a conveying direction of the sheet, and
the contact area has a larger outer diameter than the non-contact area, and
the separating member is in contact with the contact area, and is not in contact with the non-contact area.

US Pat. No. 10,429,773

FIXING DEVICE DETECTING ABNORMALITIES AT A TEMPERATURE LOWER THAN FIXING TEMPERATURE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A fixing device comprising:a fixing unit including a pressing device and a heating device, the fixing unit configured to fix an image formed on a recording medium by nipping the recording medium with the pressing device and the heating device;
a driving device configured to drive the fixing unit;
a load detector configured to detect a load applied to the driving device;
an abnormality detector configured to abnormality in the fixing unit with reference to the load generated when the recording medium passes through the fixing unit; and
a temperature detector configured to detect a temperature of the fixing unit,
wherein if the temperature detected by the temperature detector is lower than a fixing temperature at which the image is fixed, the abnormality detector is configured to detect whether or not the fixing unit has any abnormality by allowing the recording medium to pass through the fixing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,770

POWDER-AMOUNT DETECTION DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A powder-amount detection device comprising:an outer electrode outside a powder container, the powder container being replaceably installable in an image forming apparatus;
an inner electrode fixedly attached to the image forming apparatus, the inner electrode configured to be inserted inside a powder supply port of the powder container by installation of the powder container to the image forming apparatus; and
a detector configured to apply an electric field between the outer electrode and the inner electrode to detect a capacitance between the outer electrode and the inner electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,429,769

SKEW ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM FOR A ROLLER OF AN INTERMEDIATE TRANSFER MEMBER

LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL, IN...

1. An image transfer assembly for an electrophotographic imaging device, comprising:a tension roll having opposed first and second axial ends;
a transfer belt having a portion extending around the tension roll such that the tension roll provides an amount of tension to the transfer belt;
a translating member slidably mounted about the second axial end of the tension roll and movable in an axial direction of the tension roll; and
an angled cam disposed below the translating member such that the translating member rides on top of and along the angled cam when the translating member moves in the axial direction changing an elevation of the second axial end of the tension roll to thereby change an amount of skew between the first and second axial ends of the tension roll.

US Pat. No. 10,429,765

TONER CONTAINER FOR AN IMAGE FORMING DEVICE HAVING MAGNETS OF VARYING ANGULAR OFFSET FOR TONER LEVEL SENSING

LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL, IN...

9. A toner container, comprising:a housing having a reservoir for storing toner;
a rotatable shaft positioned within the reservoir and having an axis of rotation;
a first magnet rotatable with the rotatable shaft around the axis of rotation;
an arm connected to the shaft and rotatable around the axis of rotation independent of the rotatable shaft within a predetermined angular range of motion relative to the rotatable shaft, the arm leading the first magnet in an operative rotational direction of the rotatable shaft; and
a second magnet connected to the shaft and rotatable around the axis of rotation independent of the rotatable shaft within a predetermined angular range of motion relative to the rotatable shaft, the second magnet trailing the first magnet in the operative rotational direction of the rotatable shaft;
wherein the arm and the second magnet are operatively connected such that an amount of angular offset between the first magnet and the second magnet increases as an amount of angular offset between the first magnet and the arm increases and the amount of angular offset between the first magnet and the second magnet decreases as the amount of angular offset between the first magnet and the arm decreases.

US Pat. No. 10,429,760

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a photosensitive drum;
an exposure head comprising:
a plurality of light emitters aligned along a direction of a rotation axis of the photosensitive drum;
a lens array focusing light from the light emitters on the photosensitive drum; and
a head frame supporting the light emitters and the lens array,
the exposure head being movable between an exposable position, in which the photosensitive drum is exposed to the light, and a retracted position, in which the exposure head is further apart from the photosensitive drum than the exposure head being in the exposable position;
a base frame supporting the photosensitive drum, the base frame comprising a reference face, the reference face being configured to define a position of the exposure head with regard to a sub-scanning direction, the sub-scanning direction being orthogonal to a direction of an optical axis of the light and to the direction of the rotation axis, by being contacted by the head frame of the exposure head when the exposure head is at the exposable position;
a presser being configured to move in the sub-scanning direction, the presser contacting the base frame; and
a spring arranged in the head frame, the spring pressing the presser toward the base frame and the head frame toward the reference face,
wherein the head frame includes a guide portion, the guide portion comprising a guide wall extending in the sub-scanning direction, the guide wall being configured to contact the presser and guide the presser moving in the sub-scanning direction.

US Pat. No. 10,429,758

CHARGING MEMBER, CHARGING DEVICE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A charging member, comprising:a shaft body having conductivity;
a conductive elastic layer, disposed on a first outer circumferential surface of the shaft body; and
a plurality of convexities on a second outer circumferential surface of the conductive elastic layer of the charging member,
wherein heights of all of the convexities in each of five or more different areas of 0.7 square millimeters on the second outer circumferential surface of the charging member are measured, the five or more different areas of 0.7 square millimeters are respectively located at five or more different locations in an axial direction of the charging member,
wherein, in each location, the charging member occupies 0.01 area % relative to 100 area % of the area of 0.7 square millimeters at a first position from a highest portion of the convexities, a height of the first position is defined as a reference height,
wherein a second position is 1.7 ?m lower than the reference height, and an average of proportion of areas occupied by the charging member at the second position in five or more different locations is 2 area % or less relative to 100 area % of the area of 0.7 square millimeters.

US Pat. No. 10,429,756

TONER, DEVELOPER, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING TONER

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A toner comprising:a glittering pigment disposed inside the toner; and
a coloring pigment comprising a yellow pigment comprising an isoindoline pigment,
wherein a content of the coloring pigment is from 10 to 35 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the glittering pigment.

US Pat. No. 10,429,752

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOCONDUCTOR, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS USING THE SAME

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A positively charged electrophotographic photoconductor, comprisingan electroconductive support; and
a single layer-type photosensitive layer provided on the electroconductive support and including a charge generation material, a hole transport material, an electron transport material, and a mixed binder resin that comprises at least two resins including a polycarbonate-based resin,
wherein the at least two resins are selected to provide the mixed binder resin with a water vapor permeability ranging from 5 to 13 g/m2·day.

US Pat. No. 10,429,751

ALIGNMENT MARK SEARCHING METHOD, DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An alignment mark searching method, for searching an alignment mark on a base substrate, a first positioning line segment being formed in a dummy region of the base substrate, and a straight line where the first positioning line segment is positioned running through the alignment mark, the method comprising:acquiring theoretical coordinates of the alignment mark;
moving a detection system view field to a target position with the theoretical coordinates as a target;
moving the detection system view field from the target position in a direction perpendicular to the first positioning line segment until the first positioning line segment appears in the detection system view field; and
moving the detection system view field from the position of the first positioning line segment in a length direction of the first positioning line segment until the alignment mark appears in the detection system view field.

US Pat. No. 10,429,747

HYBRID LASER AND IMPLANT TREATMENT FOR OVERLAY ERROR CORRECTION

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A method for correcting errors on a surface of a substrate, comprising:performing a measurement process on a substrate to obtain an error map before lithography;
determining an order of treatment for the substrate based on the error map before lithography,
wherein the order of treating the substrate includes one or more treatment processes, and
the one or more treatment processes comprises one of:
a combination of the laser treatment process and the implant process,
a combination of a high resolution laser treatment process and a low resolution laser treatment process, and
a combination of a high resolution implant process and a low resolution implant process;
generating a process recipe for a treatment process of the one or more treatment processes in the order of treatment before lithography; and
providing the process recipe to a substrate treatment apparatus before lithography.

US Pat. No. 10,429,746

ESTIMATION OF DATA IN METROLOGY

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An apparatus configured to produce simulated values indicative of radiation diffracted and/or reflected and/or scattered by one or more features fabricated in or on a substrate, wherein each set of data of a plurality of sets of data comprises a plurality of values indicative of radiation diffracted and/or reflected and/or scattered by one or more features fabricated in or on a substrate, wherein the plurality of sets of data comprises at least one known value indicative of radiation diffracted and/or reflected and/or scattered by one or more features fabricated in or on a substrate, and wherein at least one of the plurality of sets of data comprises an unknown value indicative of radiation diffracted and/or reflected and/or scattered by one or more features fabricated in or on a substrate, the apparatus comprising:a processor configured to produce a simulated estimate of the unknown value of the at least one set of data based on:
the known values of the plurality of sets of data;
a first condition between two or more values within a set of data of the plurality of sets of data; and
a second condition between two or more values being part of different sets of data of the plurality of sets of data.

US Pat. No. 10,429,745

PHOTO-SENSITIZED CHEMICALLY AMPLIFIED RESIST (PS-CAR) SIMULATION

Osaka University, Osaka ...

1. A method for simulating a lithography process, the method comprising:receiving, at an input interface, a plurality of process parameters for a radiation-sensitive material for use in the lithography process, wherein the radiation-sensitive material is a Photo-Sensitized Chemically-Amplified Resist (PS-CAR) material comprising:
a first light wavelength activation threshold that controls the generation of acid to a first acid concentration in the PS-CAR material and controls generation of photosensitizer (PS) molecules in the PS-CAR material; and
a second light wavelength activation threshold that can excite the PS molecules in the PS-CAR material that results in the acid comprising a second acid concentration that is greater than the first acid concentration, the second light wavelength being different from the first light wavelength, and
wherein the plurality of process parameters include a physical parameter specific to the PS-CAR material chemistry,
a first radiation exposure parameter associated with a first radiation exposure step according to the first light wavelength activation threshold, and a second radiation exposure parameter associated with a second radiation exposure step according to the second light wavelength activation threshold;
calculating, using a data processor, a profile of the radiation-sensitive material according to a lithography process model, and in response to the physical parameter and the first and second radiation exposure parameters; and
generating an output, at an output interface, comprising the profile of the radiation-sensitive material.

US Pat. No. 10,429,744

IMAGE IMPROVEMENT FOR ALIGNMENT THROUGH INCOHERENT ILLUMINATION BLENDING

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A method comprising:opening a camera shutter in a maskless lithography system;
directing light from a first semi-isolated mirror configuration in a mirror array towards a first substrate layer;
capturing and accumulating a first image of the first substrate layer on a camera;
directing light from a second semi-isolated mirror configuration in the mirror array towards a first substrate layer;
capturing and accumulating a second image of the first substrate layer on the camera;
closing the camera shutter;
storing the accumulated first and second images in memory;
forming a third image from the first and second images; and
detecting an actual alignment mark in the third image.

US Pat. No. 10,429,743

OPTICAL MASK VALIDATION

International Business Ma...

1. A method for ensuring semiconductor design integrity, the method comprising:analyzing one or more photomask designs for one or more semiconductor chips, the photomask design having one or more circuit designs for one or more semiconductor chips and a kerf between the one or more circuit designs for the one or more semiconductor chips, the one or more circuit designs for the one or more semiconductor chips having an electrical design necessary for the operation of the one or more semiconductor chips, and white space within the electrical design, wherein the white space has no electrical design; and
inserting an optical design into the white space of the one or more circuit designs for the one or more semiconductor chips, wherein the optical design has one or more known optical patterns for validating the one or more semiconductor chips and wherein the optical design is physically isolated from the electrical design.

US Pat. No. 10,429,740

METHOD OF RECOVERING RESIST PATTERN

TOKYO OHKA KOGYO CO., LTD...

1. A method of recovering a resist pattern, comprising:applying a shrinking agent composition so as to cover a resist pattern having a defect portion;
forming a developing solution-insoluble region on the surface of the resist pattern; and
developing the covered resist pattern,
wherein the shrinking agent composition includes a polymeric compound (X) which is a homopolymer or a random copolymer,
wherein the polymeric compound (X) includes an acid non-dissociable structural unit (x1) represented by any one of general formulae (x1-1-1) to (x1-1-3) shown below or a structural unit (x2) represented by general formula (x2-1) shown below:

wherein R represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms or a halogenated alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms; Yx01 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group; and Rx1 represents a group represented by general formula (Rx-1) or (Rx-2) shown below:

wherein Rx01 to Rx04 represent a hydrogen atom, or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms and having no substituent; n represents an integer of 0 to 8; and * represents a valence bond with Yx01;

wherein R represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms or a halogenated alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms; Ys01 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group; and Rs01 represents a group represented by any one of general formulae (bc-r-1) to (bc-r-8) shown below:

wherein Rs001 represents an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms; n represents an integer of 0 to 3; and * represents a valence bond.

US Pat. No. 10,429,739

COMPOUND FOR FORMING ORGANIC FILM, COMPOSITION FOR FORMING ORGANIC FILM, METHOD FOR FORMING ORGANIC FILM, AND PATTERNING PROCESS

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A compound for forming an organic film which has a minimum complex viscosity of 10 Pa·s or less when the complex viscosity is measured within a range of 50° C. to 300° C.,wherein the compound is shown by the formula (1A),
R?R1)(m1+m2)  (1A)wherein R represents a single bond, an organic group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, an ether bond, a —SO— group, or a —SO2— group; R1 represents a group shown by the formula (1B); and m1 and m2 represent an integer satisfying 1?m1?5, 1?m2?5, and 2?m1+m2?8,—R1=—X1—X  (1B)wherein X1 represents a group shown by the formula (1C); and X represents a group shown by the formula (1D),wherein (X) represents a bonding site to X,wherein X2 represents a divalent organic group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms; n1 represents 0 or 1; n2 represents 1 or 2; X3 represents a group shown by the formula (1E); and n5 represents 0, 1, or 2,wherein R10 represents a hydrogen atom or a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, in which a hydrogen atom of the benzene ring in the formula (1E) may be substituted with a methyl group or methoxy group.

US Pat. No. 10,429,734

PERMANENT DIELECTRIC COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING PHOTOACID GENERATOR AND BASE

PROMERUS, LLC, Brecksvil...

1. A composition comprising:a polymer comprising one or more distinct first repeating unit represented by formula (IA), each of said first repeating unit is derived from a monomer of formula (I):

wherein:
represents a position at which the bonding takes place with another repeat unit;
m is an integer 0, 1 or 2;
R1, R2, R3 and R4 independently represents hydrogen, linear or branched (C1-C16)alkyl, hydroxy(C1-C12)alkyl, perfluoro(C1-C12)alkyl, (C3-C12)cycloalkyl, (C6-C12)bicycloalkyl, (C7-C14)tricycloalkyl, (C6-C10)aryl, (C6-C10)aryl(C1-C3)alkyl, perfluoro(C6-C10)aryl, perfluoro(C6-C10)aryl(C1-C3)alkyl, (C5-C10)heteroaryl, (C5-C10)heteroaryl(C1-C3)alkyl, hydroxy, (C1-C12)alkoxy, (C3-C12)cycloalkoxy, (C6-C12)bicycloalkoxy, (C7-C14)tricycloalkoxy, —(CH2)a—(O—(CH2)b)c—O—(C1-C4)alkyl, where a, b and c are integers from 1 to 4, (C6-C10)aryloxy(C1-C3)alkyl, (C5-C10)heteroaryloxy(C1-C3)alkyl, (C6-C10)aryloxy, (C5-C10)heteroaryloxy, (C1-C6)acyloxy and halogen; and
a second repeating unit represented by formula (IIA), said second repeating unit is derived from a monomer of formula (II):

wherein:
R5 and R6 independently of each other selected from hydrogen and methyl;
R7 is selected from the group consisting of methyl, ethyl, n-propyl and n-butyl;
R8 is hydrogen;
a photoacid generator, which forms an acid when exposed to an actinic radiation;
a photobase generator, which forms a base when exposed to an actinic radiation; and
a carrier solvent; and wherein the base formed is present in a sufficient amount to neutralize the acid formed when the composition is exposed to an actinic radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,429,732

IMPRINT METHOD AND IMPRINT MOLD MANUFACTURING METHOD

DAI NIPPON PRINTING CO., ...

1. An imprint method, comprising:a resin supply step of supplying a molded resin on a hard mask material layer of a transfer substrate having the hard mask material layer on one main surface thereof;
a contact step of bringing a mold having an uneven structure and the transfer substrate close to each other and spreading the molded resin between the mold and the transfer substrate to form a molded resin layer;
a curing step of curing the molded resin layer to obtain a transfer resin layer; and
a mold release step of separating the transfer resin layer and the mold from each other and positioning a pattern structure, which is the transfer resin layer, on the transfer substrate, wherein
in the resin supply step, a balance layer is formed by supplying a molded resin also to an area outside of a pattern formation area of the transfer substrate in which the pattern structure is to be formed.

US Pat. No. 10,429,727

MICROFACETED PROJECTION SCREEN

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. Apparatus comprising:a projection screen onto which pixels from a projector are to be projected, each pixel from the projector corresponding to a respective pixel area on the projection screen; and
in each of at least plural of the pixel areas, four to sixteen, inclusive elongated parallel micro grooves formed on the projection screen, wherein in at least a first pixel area of the plural pixel areas, at least first and second micro grooves are formed, the first micro groove being adjacent the second micro groove, the first micro groove defining a first angle with respect to a normal to the projection screen, the second micro groove defining a second angle with respect to a normal to the projection screen, the first and second angles not being equal, the micro grooves being arranged in rows, the angles defined by the micro grooves varying both row by row and left to right across a row.

US Pat. No. 10,429,726

IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS AND IMAGE DISPLAY METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An image display apparatus, comprising:a first light source module configured to emit a first laser light;
a second light source module that includes:
a light source unit configured to emit a second laser light; and
a phosphor layer configured to emit visible light based on excitation of the phosphor layer by the second laser light;
an output control unit configured to increase an output of the first laser light and an output of the second laser light based on an average of luminance values of pixels of an input image and a dispersion of the luminance values of the pixels of the input image, wherein
the average of the luminance values of the pixels is larger than a first threshold value, and
the dispersion of the luminance values of the pixels is larger than a determined dispersion value; and
an image generation unit configured to generate an image based on the first laser light and the visible light.

US Pat. No. 10,429,722

CAMERA LENS ASSEMBLY

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a first camera module; and
a second camera module,
wherein the first camera module includes:
a first image sensor;
a first lens unit formed on the first image sensor and including a first side surface, a second side surface, a third side surface, and a fourth side surface;
a first driving unit comprising a first coil and a first magnet which are disposed on the first side surface, wherein the first coil and the first magnet are configured to drive the first lens unit along a direction of an optical axis of the first lens unit; and
a second driving unit comprising a second coil and a second magnet which are disposed on the second side surface and a third coil and a third magnet which are disposed on the third side surface, wherein the second coil and the second magnet are configured to drive the first lens unit along a first direction which is perpendicular to the optical axis of the first lens unit, and wherein the third coil and the third magnet are configured to drive the first lens unit along a second direction which is perpendicular to the optical axis of the first lens unit and the first direction,
wherein the second camera module includes:
a second image sensor;
a second lens unit formed on the second image sensor and including a fifth side surface, a sixth side surface, a seventh side surface, and an eighth side surface;
a third driving unit comprising a fourth coil and a fourth magnet which are disposed on the fifth side surface, wherein the fourth coil and the fourth magnet are configured to drive the second lens unit along a direction of an optical axis of the second lens unit; and
a fourth driving unit comprising a fifth coil and a fifth magnet which are disposed on the sixth side surface and a sixth coil and a sixth magnet which are disposed on the seventh side surface, wherein the fifth coil and the fifth magnet are configured to drive the second lens unit along a third direction that is perpendicular to the optical axis of the second lens unit, and wherein the sixth coil and the sixth magnet are configured to drive the second lens unit along a fourth direction which is perpendicular to the optical axis of the second lens unit and the third direction, and
wherein a side surface of the first camera module corresponding to the fourth side surface of the first lens unit is adjacent to a side surface of the second camera module corresponding to the eighth side surface of the second lens unit, and the driving units for driving the first lens unit and the second lens unit are disposed away from the fourth side surface and the eighth side surface.

US Pat. No. 10,429,721

WAVELENGTH CONVERSION DEVICE, CONTROL-LIGHT GENERATION DEVICE, WAVELENGTH CONVERSION METHOD, AND CONTROL-LIGHT GENERATION METHOD

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A wavelength conversion device that converts input signal light having a first frequency into output signal light having a second frequency that is in an in-phase or phase conjugate with the input signal light, the wavelength conversion device comprising:a control-light generator that outputs first continuous oscillation light and second continuous oscillation light; and
a nonlinear optical medium that cross-phase modulates the input signal light with the first continuous oscillation light and the second continuous oscillation light and generates the output signal light, wherein
the control-light generator outputs the first continuous oscillation light and the second continuous oscillation light to have polarized waves in directions orthogonal to each other and have a frequency interval equal to a difference between the first frequency and the second frequency and controls, based on intensity of the output signal light, timings of modulation of phases of the first continuous oscillation light and the second continuous oscillation light to be aligned with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,429,717

BEAM STEERING DEVICE AND SYSTEM EMPLOYING SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A beam steering device comprising:a plurality of channels through which light is transmitted, wherein each of the plurality of channels comprises:
a waveguide, provided on a substrate, through which the light is transmitted; and
a plurality of modulators arranged along the waveguide, each of the plurality of modulators being configured to change, according to an electrical signal, a phase of light transmitted therethrough by changing a refractive index of a portion of the waveguide corresponding thereto; and
a driving circuit configured to provide the electrical signal to each of the plurality of modulators to thereby drive the plurality of modulators,
wherein each of the plurality of modulators comprises:
a carrier modulation region in which a carrier density varies with the electrical signal such that a change in a refractive index of light passing through the carrier modulation region changes a phase of the light;
a first doping region electrically connected to the carrier modulation region and doped to have a predetermined density, the first doping region being of a first conductive type; and
a second doping region that is electrically connected to the carrier modulation region and doped to have the predetermined density, the second doping region being of a second conductive type that is opposite the first conductive type,
wherein the carrier modulation region is an n-type or p-type oxide semiconductor doped to have a density lower than the predetermined density of the first and second doping regions, one of the first and second doping regions is a p-type oxide semiconductor, and the other one of the first and second doping regions is an n-type oxide semiconductor.

US Pat. No. 10,429,716

LASER BEAM STEERING DEVICE AND SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A laser beam steering device for two-dimensionally steering a laser beam, the laser beam steering device comprising:a refractive index converting layer whose charge concentration is configured to change based on an electric signal applied thereto;
an antenna disposed above the refractive index converting layer;
a laser beam reflecting layer disposed below the refractive index converting layer and comprising a plurality of cells arranged in a two-dimensional matrix; and
a driver disposed below the laser beam reflecting layer and comprising a plurality of driving circuits respectively connected to the plurality of cells, the plurality of driving circuits being configured to respectively apply electric signals to the plurality of cells.

US Pat. No. 10,429,715

ELECTRODE STRUCTURES FOR ELECTRO-OPTIC DISPLAYS

E Ink Corporation, Bille...

1. A sub-assembly for use in an electro-optic display, the sub-assembly comprising in order:an electrically non-conductive substrate;
a lamination adhesive layer;
a light-transmissive electrically-conductive ceramic layer; and
a light-transmissive non-ceramic electrically-conductive layer positioned between the light transmissive electrically-conductive ceramic layer and the lamination adhesive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,713

SELECTIVELY-TRANSPARENT ELECTROCHROMIC DISPLAY

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. An electro-optic (EO) display, comprising:one or more adjustable-intensity electrochromic color filters that each include a first electrochromic medium situated between opposed first and second transparent substrates;
a transparent backlight;
a transflective layer, comprising an optical film and in optical communication with the transparent backlight, the transflective layer disposed on a first surface of the second transparent substrate and positioned within the one or more adjustable-intensity electrochromic color filters such that the transflective layer is located between the electrochromic mediums of the one or more adjustable-intensity electrochromic color filters and the transparent backlight, wherein the transflective layer reflects light off of one surface of the transflective layer and allows light through another surface of the transflective layer; and
an electrochromic shutter separated from the one or more adjustable-intensity electrochromic color filters by the transparent backlight;
wherein the electrochromic shutter is configured to provide a variable range of light transmission;
wherein the electrochromic shutter has a second electrochromic medium disposed between a third transparent substrate and a fourth transparent substrate;
wherein the EO display is configured to selectively operate in a first mode in which light is produced by the transparent backlight and passes through the transflective layer, thereby illuminating the electrochromic color filters;
wherein the EO display is configured to selectively operate in a second mode in which the transflective layer reflects ambient light to illuminate the electrochromic color filters; and
wherein the EO display is configured to selectively operate in a third mode in which one or more of the adjustable-intensity electrochromic color filters and the electrochromic shutter are in a transparent state and the EO display is configured to allow light to pass through the EO display.

US Pat. No. 10,429,711

ELECTRO-OPTIC INFRARED FILTER

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. An imaging system, comprising:an imager;
an optical lens stack; and
an electro-optic element positioned between the imager and the lens stack, the electro-optic element comprising:
a first substantially transparent substrate defining first and second surfaces, wherein the second surface comprises a first electrically conductive layer;
a second substantially transparent substrate defining third and fourth surfaces, wherein the third surface comprises a second electrically conductive layer;
a primary seal disposed between the first and second substrates, wherein the seal and the first and second substrates define a cavity therebetween; and
an electro-optic medium disposed within the cavity, the electro-optic medium operable between substantially clear and substantially opaque states for at least one wavelength band.

US Pat. No. 10,429,708

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising:a first base substrate;
gate lines and data lines arranged on the first base substrate, wherein the gate lines and the data lines crosswise define pixel regions, the gate lines arranged between adjacent ones of the pixel region are in pair, and the pixel regions comprise light transmission areas wherein one pixel region comprises one light transmission area; and
a first raised structure arranged between a main spacer initial contact area and one of the light transmission areas, wherein the first raised structure is configured to provide a block function to a movement of a main spacer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,703

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate facing each other;
a liquid crystal layer interposed between the first substrate and the second substrate; and
a pixel electrode disposed on the first substrate,
wherein the pixel electrode defines:
a first stem extending in a first direction,
a second stem extending in a second direction which crosses the first direction, the second stem intersecting the first stem to form a cross shape,
first edge bars extending in the first direction and connected to the second stem,
second edge bars extending in the second direction and connected to the first stem, and
a branch provided in plural which extends from the first stem or the second stem inclined with respect to the first direction or the second direction and terminates spaced apart from the first and second edge bars,
wherein in a top plan view distal ends of each of the first edge bars are spaced apart from distal ends of each of the second edge bars.

US Pat. No. 10,429,702

PIXEL STRUCTURE, ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A pixel structure, comprising a plurality of transparent electrodes, arranged in columns and each corresponding to a subpixel, said pixel structure further comprising a plurality of gate lines and a plurality of data lines, wherein:each transparent electrode comprises at least two sub-electrode portions, each provided with a plurality of slits; and
the plurality of transparent electrodes are arranged such that:
slits in substantially a same column of sub-electrode portions have at least two different extending directions to thereby substantially reduce alternating light and dark stripes from some viewing angles in the same column during display; and that
slits in substantially a same row of sub-electrode portions have at least two different extending directions to thereby substantially reduce alternating light and dark stripes from some viewing angles in the same row during display; andwherein:the plurality of transparent electrodes are arranged in pairs of columns, configured such that in each pair of columns, a first transparent electrode in a first column and a second transparent electrode in a second column on a same row form a corresponding pair of transparent electrodes, having a mirror symmetry along the column direction;
two gate lines running in parallel in the column direction along the axis of symmetry between the pair of electrodes, each gate line corresponding to one electrode of the pair; and
each data line takes a shape of a folded line, extending in a direction of a row and running along borders of every two staggered neighboring sub-pixels in the row.

US Pat. No. 10,429,700

DISPLAY MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display module comprising a liquid crystal panel and an organic light emitting diode substrate, wherein the liquid crystal panel comprises a plurality of sub-pixels configured to filter light; andthe organic light emitting diode substrate comprises a base and a plurality of organic light emitting diodes disposed on a side of the base adjacent to the liquid crystal panel, wherein the base is a silicon base, on which a first driving circuit and a second driving circuit are disposed, the first driving circuit configured to drive the respective organic light emitting diodes to emit light and the second driving circuit configured to drive the respective sub-pixels to filter light;
wherein the liquid crystal panel comprises an array substrate and a cover substrate which are cell-assembled, the array substrate is disposed on a side of the liquid crystal panel adjacent to the organic light emitting diode substrate and a thin film transistor array circuit is disposed on a side of the array substrate adjacent to the cover substrate, the thin film transistor array circuit is configured to control the respective sub-pixels under driving of the second driving circuit;
wherein the array substrate is provided with a through hole, through which the second driving circuit is electrically connected to the thin film transistor array circuit;
wherein a plurality of first connection terminals which are electrically connected with the second driving circuit are provided on a side of the base adjacent to the liquid crystal panel;
a plurality of second connection terminals which correspond to the plurality of first connection terminals and are electrically connected with the thin film transistor array circuit through the through hole are provided on a side of the array substrate adjacent to the organic light emitting diode substrate; and
the respective first connection terminals contacts with the respective second connection terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,429,699

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROTECTING A LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY BY CONTROLLING ION MIGRATION

OmniVision Technologies, ...

1. A liquid crystal display comprising:a substrate;
a pixel array formed on said substrate, said pixel array including a display area associated with a first set of pixels of said pixel array and a border area at least partially surrounding said display area;
a liquid crystal alignment layer formed over said pixel array; and wherein said first set of pixels is configured to be driven to display images intended to be viewed by an audience;
said liquid crystal alignment layer defines a first liquid crystal alignment direction over said display area;
said liquid crystal alignment layer defines a second liquid crystal alignment direction over at least a portion of said border area, said second liquid crystal alignment direction being different than said first liquid crystal alignment direction;
said pixel array includes an ion reservoir area at least partially surrounding said border area; and
said ion reservoir area is maintained at a zero voltage with respect to a common voltage to prevent ion migration within said ion reservoir area; and wherein
said border area is associated with a second set of pixels of said pixel array; and
said second set of pixels is configured to be driven with display protections images that promote ion migration in said liquid crystal layer away from said display area and into said ion reservoir area.

US Pat. No. 10,429,698

METHOD FOR FABRICATING ARRAY SUBSTRATE, ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A method for fabricating an array substrate, comprising:providing a base substrate which comprises a transparent substrate, a data electrode pattern layer formed on the transparent substrate and an insulation layer covering the data electrode pattern layer, the data electrode pattern layer comprising at least one data electrode;
forming a via-hole penetrating through the insulation layer so as to expose at least a part of one of the at least one data electrode;
forming a transparent electrode material layer;
forming a transparent electrode layer which comprises a transparent electrode and a connecting portion connected to the transparent electrode, the connecting portion being located in the via-hole so as to electrically connect the transparent electrode to a corresponding data electrode, and a filling being provided above the connecting portion so as to fill the via-hole covered by the connecting portion;
depositing the transparent electrode material layer on the transparent substrate formed with the insulation layer thereon, the insulation layer having the via-hole formed therein;
coating a photoresist layer on the transparent electrode material layer, the photoresist layer is formed by a positive photoresist material;
exposing the photoresist layer by using a half-tone mask, wherein the half-tone mask comprises a transparent region, a semitransparent region and a shading region, the shading region corresponds to a region of the transparent electrode material layer for forming the connecting portion, the semitransparent region corresponds to a region of the transparent electrode material layer for forming the transparent electrode, and the transparent region corresponds to a region of the transparent electrode material layer other than the shading region and the semitransparent region;
developing the exposed photoresist layer to obtain a protective pattern;
etching the transparent electrode material layer provided with the protective pattern thereon to obtain the transparent electrode layer; and
ashing the protective pattern to remove a portion of the protective pattern outside a region for forming the filling provided above the connecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,429,697

CURVED LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

12. A curved liquid crystal display (LCD) device, comprising:a first curved substrate;
a second curved substrate;
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the first curved substrate and the second curved substrate, wherein the liquid crystal layer comprises liquid crystal molecules;
a first curved liquid crystal alignment layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the first curved substrate; and
a second curved liquid crystal alignment layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the second curved substrate,
wherein the second curved liquid crystal alignment layer comprises a polymerization initiator, wherein the second curved liquid crystal alignment layer comprises polymerized reactive mesogens,
wherein the first curved liquid crystal alignment layer comprises polymerized reactive mesogens, the second curved liquid crystal alignment layer has a higher content of polymerized reactive mesogens per unit area than the first curved liquid crystal alignment layer, and
wherein the first curved liquid crystal alignment layer does not comprise a polymerization initiator,
wherein the first curved substrate comprises a first side facing the second curved substrate and a second side opposite to the first side, and wherein the second side of the first curved substrate is concave.

US Pat. No. 10,429,696

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A liquid crystal display comprising:a first substrate including a display area, and a peripheral area outside the display area, the display area including a plurality of unit regions in a plan view of the liquid crystal display;
a thin film transistor over the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer over the first substrate, the liquid crystal layer including a plurality of liquid crystal molecules;
a unit electrode positioned at one unit region of the plurality of unit regions and connected to the thin film transistor;
at least one lower dam positioned at a peripheral area, and positioned between the first substrate and the liquid crystal layer; and
a protrusion positioned at an edge region of the one unit region in the plan view of the liquid crystal display, and positioned between the first substrate and the liquid crystal layer and at an upper layer than the unit electrode, the protrusion protruding toward the liquid crystal layer,
wherein, in the plan view of the liquid crystal display:
the protrusion extends along the edge region of the one unit region to form a closed line around the one unit region,
the protrusion includes:
a transverse portion extending in a first direction;
a longitudinal portion extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, and connected to the transverse portion; and
a corner portion connected to the transverse portion and the longitudinal portion,
the corner portion includes:
a first side extending in the first direction and connected to the transverse portion;
a second side extending in the second direction and connected to the longitudinal portion; and
a third side extending in an oblique direction with an acute angle being formed between the third side and the first side in the plan view of the liquid crystal display, and
the lower dam and the protrusion are positioned at a same layer and include the same material as each other.

US Pat. No. 10,429,695

ALIGNMENT METHOD OF FFS LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. An alignment method of a fringe field switching (FFS) liquid crystal display panel, comprising the following steps:Step S1: providing a rubbing alignment material that comprises polyimide, a photo initiator, and a light-sensitive small-molecule compound, and mixing the rubbing alignment material, the photo initiator, and the light-sensitive small-molecule compound together to form an alignment film material;
Step S2: providing an array substrate and a color filter substrate and coating and curing the alignment film material on the color filter substrate and the array substrate to form two alignment films,
wherein the array substrate comprises: a backing plate, a common electrode arranged on the backing plate, an insulation layer arranged on the common electrode, and a pixel electrode arranged on the insulation layer; and the common electrode is a continuous planar electrode that continuously covers the backing plate and the pixel electrode is a patterned electrode comprising slits; and the color filter substrate comprises a base board having an internal surface on which the alignment film material is coated, such that one of the alignment films that is formed on the color filter substrate is directly attached to the internal surface of the base plate;
Step S3: subjecting the alignment films to rubbing alignment treatment;
Step S4: aligning and attaching the array substrate and the color filter substrate, filling liquid crystal molecules between the array substrate and the color filter substrate, and forming an electrode on one side of the color filter substrate that is distant from the array substrate, wherein the electrode is a continuous planar electrode that continuously covers an external surface of the color filter substrate and is separate from and opposite to the one of the alignment films that is formed on the color filter substrate;
Step S5: applying an electrical voltage between the electrode and the common electrode to make the liquid crystal molecules that are located between the array substrate and the color filter substrate rotate to a position substantially parallel to the array substrate and at the same time, irradiating the alignment films with ultraviolet (UV) light to cause polymerization of the light-sensitive small-molecule compound contained in the alignment films.

US Pat. No. 10,429,693

BACKLIGHT SOURCE BASED ON GRAPHENE, FIELD COLOR SEQUENTIAL LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE, AND DRIVING METHOD FOR THE SAME

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A backlight source based on graphene, comprising:a lower substrate;
an upper substrate; and
a first insulation layer, multiple gate electrodes, a second insulation layer, multiple graphene quantum dot layers, and multiple groups of source electrodes and drain electrodes which are sequentially disposed between the lower substrate and the upper substrate from a bottom to a top;wherein, the multiple graphene quantum dot layers are separately disposed on the second insulation layer, and one of the source electrodes and one of the drain electrodes are disposed on each graphene quantum dot layer;wherein each of an upper surface and a lower surface of the second insulation layer is provided with multiple recess portions disposed separately, and the gate electrodes are embedded into corresponding recess portions at the lower surface of the second insulation layer and the graphene quantum dot layers are embedded into corresponding recess portions at the upper surface of the second insulation layer;
wherein a width of the graphene quantum dot layer is greater than a width of the gate electrode; and
wherein a light reflection layer is further disposed between the first insulation layer and the lower substrate, and the light reflection layer covers on the lower substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,429,692

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND FABRICATION METHOD

Xiamen Tianma Micro-elect...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising:an upper substrate;
a lower substrate as an array substrate, configured facing toward the upper substrate;
a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the upper substrate and the lower substrate;
an upper regionalized polarizer disposed on the upper substrate including a plurality of first upper polarizing units and second upper polarizing units;
a lower regionalized polarizer disposed on the lower substrate including a plurality of first lower polarizing units and a plurality of second lower polarizing units, wherein:
the first lower polarizing units correspond to the first upper polarizing units;
the second lower polarizing units correspond to the second upper polarizing units;
the first upper polarizing units and the second upper polarizing units have mutually orthogonal polarization directions;
the first lower polarizing units and the first upper polarizing units have mutually orthogonal polarization directions; and
the second lower polarizing units and the second upper polarizing units have mutually orthogonal polarization directions;
a lower planarization layer formed on one side of the lower substrate facing toward the upper substrate, wherein the lower regionalized polarizer is configured coplanar with the lower planarization layer;
a plurality of source electrodes, drain electrodes, and data lines disposed on the lower substrate, wherein:
the source electrodes, the drain electrodes, and the data lines are coplanar with each other;
the source electrodes and the data lines are electrically connected; and
the source electrodes, the drain electrodes, and the data lines are covered by the lower planarization layer;
a plurality of first electrodes disposed on the lower planarization layer; and
a plurality of second electrodes disposed on a second insulating layer separating the first electrodes, configured to form an electric field parallel with a surface of the lower substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,429,691

REGIONAL POLARIZATION STRUCTURE, METHOD FOR FABRICATING REGIONAL POLARIZATION STRUCTURE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

XIAMEN TIANMA MICRO-ELECT...

1. A regional polarization structure, comprising:a substrate;
at least one first carbon nanotube block arranged on a first side of the substrate, wherein the first carbon nanotube block comprises a plurality of carbon nanotubes extended in a first direction; and
at least one second carbon nanotube block arranged on a second side of the substrate, wherein the second carbon nanotube block comprises a plurality of carbon nanotubes extended in a second direction;
wherein the second side is a side of the substrate opposite to the first side of the substrate;
wherein a projection of the at least one first carbon nanotube block on the second side of the substrate is not overlapped with the at least one second carbon nanotube block, and wherein the first direction is not parallel with the second direction;
wherein a first photo-alignment base material is arranged between the substrate and the first carbon nanotube block; and
wherein a second photo-alignment base material is arranged between the substrate and the second carbon nanotube block.

US Pat. No. 10,429,690

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

10. A display device, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate overlapping each other;
a color filter disposed on the second substrate, the color filter comprising a first color filter comprising a red quantum dot particle, a second color filter comprising a green quantum dot particle, and a third color filter comprising a transparent material;
a blue light blocking layer disposed between the second substrate and the first color filter and between the second substrate and the second color filter; and
a blue light transmitting layer disposed between the color filter and the first substrate and overlapping the first color filter, the second color filter and the third color filter,
wherein the blue light blocking layer and the third color filter are disposed on the same surface of the second substrate facing a liquid crystal layer,
wherein a sum of thickness of the first color filter and thickness of the blue light blocking layer is substantially the same as a thickness of the third color filter, and
wherein a sum of thickness of the second color filter and thickness of the blue light blocking layer is substantially the same as the thickness of the third color filter.

US Pat. No. 10,429,688

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a first substrate including:
a plurality of source lines including a first source line, a second source line, a third source line, and a fourth source line arranged in series in a first direction, and
a plurality of gate lines including a first gate line, a second gate line, and a third gate line arranged in series in a second direction;
a second substrate opposed to the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer held between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a plurality of main light shields including a first main light shield, a second main light shield, a third main light shield, and a fourth main light shield opposed to the plurality of source lines, respectively;
a sub light shield crossing the plurality of main light shields to be opposed to the second gate line;
a spacer disposed between the second source line and the third source line; and
a spacer light shield disposed around the spacer and extending isotropically from a center of the spacer,
wherein the spacer light shield includes:
a first part formed integrally with the second main light shield and the sub light shield between the first main light shield and the second main light shield that are adjacent to each other,
a second part formed integrally with the second main light shield, the third main light shield, and the sub light shield between the second main light shield and the third main light shield that are adjacent to each other, and
a third part formed integrally with the third main light shield and the sub light shield between the third main light shield and the fourth main light shield that are adjacent to each other,
wherein the spacer is located in a center between the second source line and the third source line that are adjacent to each other, and does not overlap the source lines,
the first part is distant from the first main light shield, and the third part is distant from the fourth main light shield;
a greatest width of the second part along the second direction is greater than a greatest width of the first part along the second direction and a greatest width of the third part along the second direction;
a first relay electrode disposed between the first source line and the second source line that are adjacent to each other;
a second relay electrode disposed between the second source line and the third source line that are adjacent to each other; and
a third relay electrode disposed between the third source line and the fourth source line that are adjacent to each other,
wherein the first relay electrode, the second relay electrode, and the third relay electrode are electrically connected to the second gate line,
an end portion on the first gate line side of the first relay electrode and an end portion on the first gate line side of the third relay electrode are arranged on a same straight line along the first direction, and
an end portion on the first gate line side of the second relay electrode extends longer than the end portion on the first gate line side of the first relay electrode in a direction to be distant form the second gate line.

US Pat. No. 10,429,687

DIRECTIONAL BACKLIGHT UNIT AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A directional backlight unit comprising:a light source configured to emit light;
a light guide plate comprising an incident surface upon which the light emitted from the light source is incident, an emission surface from which the light that has propagated through the incident surface is emitted, and a reflection surface facing the emission surface;
an absorptive wire grid polarizer disposed on the emission surface, the absorptive wire grid polarizer comprising a plurality of metal wires, each of the plurality of metal wires comprising an absorptive metal material, each of the plurality of metal wires having a length in a first direction, and each of the plurality of metal wires being arranged in a second direction that is perpendicular to the first direction; and
a diffraction device configured to diffract the light emitted from the light guide plate toward a plurality of different viewing zones,
wherein the diffraction device comprises a plurality of diffraction device components that are arranged in a repeating pattern,
wherein each of the plurality of diffraction device components comprises a grating device configured to adjust a direction in which the light is emitted from the diffraction device, and
wherein the grating device comprises a plurality of sub grating devices comprising gratings in which at least one from among an arrangement direction and an arrangement cycle is different, a number of the plurality of sub grating devices being the same as a number of the plurality of different viewing zones.

US Pat. No. 10,429,683

DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A display device, comprising:a display panel;
an inner plate configured to support a rear surface of the display panel;
a back cover provided on rear surface of the inner plate such that the display panel and the inner plate are embedded inside; and
a curvature adjustment member comprising a wire fixing member coupled to at least one of corner portions of the inner plate and a wire winding member coupled to a central portion of the back cover so as to adjust a tension of a wire connected to the wire fixing member, and
wherein the wire winding member comprises:
a cylindrical main body fixed to the rear surface of the back cover;
a rotation member passing through the main body and comprising, at one end thereof positioned inside the back cover, a winding portion around which the wire connected to the wire fixing member is wound;
a support member through which a remaining end of the rotation member passes so as to be integrally rotated therewith, the support member being supported on the upper surface of the main body; and
a fixing member coupled through an outer peripheral surface of the remaining end of the rotation member so as to prevent the support member from being separated and rotated.

US Pat. No. 10,429,682

SUPPORT FOR PANEL DEVICES IN AN ELECTRONIC DISPLAY DEVICE

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. An electronic display device, comprising:a support portion;
a first panel device and a second panel device, the first panel device and the second panel device being stacked and affixed together in a thickness direction of the electronic display device; and
a plurality of support structures, each of the support structures secured to the support portion and located at an edge of the stacked first and second panel devices, each of the support structures comprising a first support member and a second support member, wherein
the first support member comprises a first support surface, the second support member comprises a second support surface, the first support surface being parallel to and configured to contact an edge of the first panel device, and the second support surface being parallel to and configured to contact an edge of the second panel device, and
in each of the support structures, the first support member and the second support member of the support structure are separate pieces that contact each other and have the same shape.

US Pat. No. 10,429,681

STRUCTURE OF GOA CIRCUIT

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A structure of GOA (gate driver on array) circuit, which comprises: a flexible substrate, a first thin film transistor (TFT) layer disposed on the front side of the flexible substrate, a second TFT layer disposed on the back side of the flexible substrate, and a plurality of wires passing through a plurality of holes on the flexible substrate to electrically connected the first TFT layer and the second TFT layer respectively;wherein the material of the flexible substrate being polyimide, polyethylene terephthalate, cycloolefin copolymer, or polyether resin;
wherein the thickness of the flexible substrate being 10-300 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,429,676

RING WAVEGUIDE MODULATORS

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A device comprising:a bus waveguide to carry a light of a carrier wavelength;
a first ring waveguide communicatively coupled to a first modulator;
a first heater to adjust a first resonance wavelength of the first ring waveguide; and
a second ring waveguide communicatively coupled to a second modulator and having a second resonance wavelength, wherein at least one of the first resonance wavelength and the second resonance wavelength is offset from the carrier wavelength, wherein the first ring waveguide and the second ring waveguide are coupled to the bus waveguide, and wherein the first modulator and the second modulator are configured to modulate the light of the carrier wavelength to impart one of at least four optical power levels to the light;
wherein the first heater is configured to adjust the first resonance wavelength of the first ring waveguide to between 60 picometers and 100 picometers of the second resonance wavelength of the second ring waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,429,675

SYSTEM FOR USING AUGMENTED REALITY FOR VISION

1. A computer-implemented method for an augmented reality system for vision, operable and upgradeable on different portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platforms that is easily adjustable by the user, comprising executing on one or more than one processor the steps of: a) providing a portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform, where the hardware platform comprises at least: 1) a frame; 2) one or more than one display lenses attached to the frame; 3) one or more than one camera operably connected to the frame; 4) wired, wireless or both wired and wireless communications means for transferring power, data or both power and data to the hardware platform connected to the frame 5) a wired, wireless or both wired and wireless input device for controlling the hardware platform operably connected to the frame; 6) one or more than one processor for executing instructions connected to the frame; and 7) a storage attached to the processor for storing instructions, applications and data connected to the frame; b) executing instructions on the one or more than one processor to automatically detect the hardware capabilities of the portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform; c) loading and installing instructions for a user onto the portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform; d) displaying available applications to the user based on the detected hardware available on the portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform; e) selecting an available application; f) retrieving the selected application from a storage connected to the one or more than one processor; g) executing the retrieved instructions for the selected application; h) changing the magnification to view the selected application; i) changing the contrast of the selected application using the track pad, the remote control or by voice command; j) auto-focusing the one or more than one display lenses, where the one or more than one display lenses are set to continuous auto focus but locked at set distances determined by magnification settings; k) adjusting a magnification of the one or more than one display lenses; l) selecting and overlaying contrast filters specifically designed to enhanced visually impaired experience above a threshold, m) enabling hands free control using various voice frequencies and algorithms set to commands and key phrases that control the portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform; n) executing instructions located on the portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform for reading back text, signs or any printed material; o) recording multimedia information from the portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform; p) displaying an onboard gallery of stored multimedia information; q) electronically changing the one or more than one display lenses attached to the one or more than one camera to take a 50 degree electronically magnified image at distances of greater than 50 feet and editing the field of view down to 30 degree creating a clear image.

US Pat. No. 10,429,674

SAFETY GLASSES HAVING OPTICALLY CORRECTIVE LENSES

1. Protective glasses which have correction lenses and in the case of which retaining-frame-like connecting means are arranged in or on the protective glasses for the purpose of accommodating the correction lenses,wherein
adapter rings are arranged as compensating bodies between a curvature of an outer contour of the protective glasses, in the region where the correction lenses are arranged, and a curvature of the correction lenses inserted, said adapter rings having, on their outer side, the curvature of the outer contour of the protective glasses,
and having, on the opposite, inner side, the standard and identical curvature of the facet of the correction lens which is to be inserted,
wherein the correction lenses of different thicknesses are coordinated at their circumferences so that their curvatures and shaping uniformly fit precisely with the adapter rings, and the likewise uniform curvature and shaping thereof, and are insertable in a defined position into the adapter rings,
wherein the adapter rings are of such a depth that different thicknesses of correction lenses are insertable into the adapter rings, into the space between the outer contour of the protective glasses and the inner curvature of the adapter rings,
wherein the adapter rings, being of approximately wedge-shaped design, are each thicker in the nose region and taper at the temple,
wherein the adapter rings are designed in the form of an integral constituent part of the protective glasses,
wherein the adapter rings are made of a rigid, non-thermoplastic material with thermosetting properties, and
wherein the adapter rings are incorporated directly in apertures in the protective glasses.

US Pat. No. 10,429,668

SCREWLESS EYEGLASSES FRAME

1. A screwless eyeglasses frame, comprising a lens, a rim around an outer edge of the lens, and two temples respectively connected to two ends of the rim, two sides of the lens being defined as a front side and a back side, wherein the screwless eyeglasses frame further comprises:two first connecting portions respectively disposed at two opposite ends of the rim, each of the first connecting portions comprising a first body disposed facing the back side of the lens, an accommodating slot recessed from the first body and being open towards the lens, a pivotal rotation channel in communication with the accommodating slot and being open towards the lens, a sliding channel disposed at one end of the pivotal rotation channel and being slantingly open towards the lens, a positioning groove located at one end of the pivotal rotation channel away from the sliding channel, and a guiding track in communication with the sliding channel, wherein the guiding track has a width smaller than that of the accommodating slot, and is slantingly open from the sliding channel towards the lens; and
two second connecting portions individually disposed at one end of each of the temples, each of the second connecting portions comprising a second body, a protruding block extended outwards from the second body and disposed correspondingly to the accommodating slot, a pivotal rotation axis connected to the protruding block and disposed correspondingly to the pivotal rotation channel and the positioning groove, and a sliding block disposed at one end of the pivotal rotation axis, having a width greater than a radius of the pivotal rotation axis and disposed correspondingly to the sliding channel;
wherein the pivotal rotation axis is able to sequentially enter the sliding channel, the pivotal rotation channel and the positioning groove, and the second connecting portion is able to pivotally rotate correspondingly to the first connecting portion when the pivotal rotation axis is abutted against a lower end of the positioning groove.

US Pat. No. 10,429,663

MOVEABLY-COUPLED SCREEN ACTUATORS

Dolby Laboratories Licens...

1. A speckle dampening system for dampening speckle on a projection screen for a projection display system, said projection display system comprising light sources, said system comprising:a set of actuators, each said actuator capable of emitting a vibration of a set of desired frequencies;
a set of rotatably coupled mounts, each of said set of rotatably coupled mount capable of mounting at least one said actuator;
an additional mass, said additional mass placed on said system capable of adjusting the force of at least one of said actuators upon said projection screen; and
wherein said at least one actuator mounted on said rotatably coupled mount is in moveable mechanical communication with said projection screen.

US Pat. No. 10,429,659

OPTICAL ARRANGEMENT AND AN AUTOSTEREOSCOPIC DISPLAY DEVICE INCORPORATING THE SAME

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. An optical arrangement having at least a lens mode in which it is a lens arrangement comprising an array of lenticular lenses which comprise a first layer and a second layer having an interface between each other defining a surface of the array of lenticular lenses, the first layer having a first refractive index at the 587.5618 nm D3 helium line and the second layer having a second refractive index at the 587.5618 nm D3 helium line which is larger than the first refractive index, wherein the lens surface of each lenticular lens defines a convex lenticular lens shape for rays entering the lenticular lens from the second layer, and has a particular lens surface shape with sufficient curvature such that, when tracing rays through a lenticular lens after they have entered one side of the lenticular lens opposite the side with the lens surface shape, there exists at least one ray, for every incoming angle to said one side, that hits the lenticular lens surface perpendicularly, and wherein the difference between the second and the first refractive indices is in the range 0.05-0.15.

US Pat. No. 10,429,657

EYE TRACKING FOR A HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY INCLUDING A PANCAKE LENS BLOCK

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A head mounted display (HMD) comprising:at least one processor;
an electronic display screen configured to display a virtual scene to a user wearing the HMD;
a lens block configured to focus light of the virtual scene displayed by the electronic display screen to an exit pupil of the HMD;
an eye tracking system comprising:
a dichroic coating on a transmission surface of the electronic display screen configured to transmit light from the electronic display and reflect near-infrared spectrum light;
a reflective optical element positioned between the dichroic coating of the electronic display screen and the lens block, the reflective optical element configured to reflect at least a portion of the near-infrared spectrum light;
an image capturing element configured to receive the near-infrared spectrum light from the eye of the user that has been reflected off the dichroic coating on the electronic display screen, wherein the lens block, the dichroic coating, and the reflective optical element are configured in combination to cause the near-infrared spectrum light reflected from the eye of the user to be:
transmitted, by the reflective optical element positioned between the dichroic coating of the electronic display screen and the lens block, toward the dichroic coating,
reflected, by the dichroic coating, back towards the reflective optical element,
reflected, at least one second time by the reflective optical element, back toward the dichroic coating, and
reflected, by the dichroic coating, to the image capturing element.

US Pat. No. 10,429,656

EYE TRACKING FOR A HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY INCLUDING A PANCAKE LENS BLOCK

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A head mounted display (HMD) comprising:at least one processor;
an electronic display screen configured to display a virtual scene to a user wearing the HMD;
a lens block comprising:
a back curved optical element configured to transmit a portion of light from the electronic display screen; and
a front curved optical element in optical series with the back curved optical element configured to reflect the portion of the light from the electronic display screen transmitted by the back curved optical element back to the back curved optical element, the back curved optical element reflecting a second portion of the light from the front curved optical element back to the front curved optical element for transmission to an exit pupil of the HMD; and
an eye tracking system comprising:
a dichroic coating on a transmission surface of the electronic display screen configured to transmit light from the electronic display and reflect near-infrared spectrum light from an eye of a user, wherein the lens block is configured to transmit the near-infrared spectrum light from the eye of the user through the back curved optical element and the front curved optical element and be incident on the dichroic coating on the transmission surface of the electronic display screen; and
at least one image capturing element configured to receive the near-infrared spectrum light from the eye of the user that has been reflected off the dichroic coating on the electronic display screen.

US Pat. No. 10,429,655

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS THAT INTEGRATE EYE TRACKING AND SCANNING LASER PROJECTION IN WEARABLE HEADS-UP DISPLAYS

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A wearable heads-up display (“WHUD”) comprising:a first visible light source to output a first visible light in a first narrow waveband, the first visible light representative of at least a first portion of a displayed image;
a second visible light source to output a second visible light in a second narrow waveband different from the first narrow waveband, the second visible light representative of at least a second portion of a displayed image;
a transparent combiner aligned to receive the first visible light from the first light source and the second visible light from the second visible light source and to redirect both the first visible light and the second visible light towards at least one eye of a user;
a first narrow waveband detector aligned to receive at least a portion of the first visible light reflected from the at least one eye of the user, wherein the first narrow waveband detector is responsive to the first visible light in the first narrow waveband and unresponsive to light that is outside of the first narrow waveband; and
a second narrow waveband detector aligned to receive at least a portion of the second visible light reflected from the at least one eye of the user, wherein the second narrow waveband detector is responsive to the second visible light in the second narrow waveband and unresponsive to light that is outside of the second narrow waveband.

US Pat. No. 10,429,652

TILED WAVEGUIDE DISPLAY WITH A WIDE FIELD-OF-VIEW

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A waveguide display, comprising:a first light source configured to emit first image light corresponding to a first portion of an image;
a second light source configured to emit second image light corresponding to a second portion of the image that is different than the first portion of the image;
a source waveguide including a first entrance area, a second entrance area, a first exit area, and a second exit area, the source waveguide configured to:
in-couple the first image light at the first entrance area, expand the first image light in at least one dimension, and output the expanded first image light via the first exit area, and
in-couple the second image light at the second entrance area, expand the second image light in a first dimension, and output the expanded second image light via the second exit area; and
an output waveguide including a third entrance area and a third exit area, the output waveguide configured to in-couple the first image light and the second image light at the third entrance area, expand the expanded first image light and the expanded second image light in at least one dimension that is orthogonal to the first dimension to generate a portion of a magnified image, and output the portion of the magnified image via the third exit area towards an eyebox.

US Pat. No. 10,429,647

FOCUS ADJUSTING VIRTUAL REALITY HEADSET

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A virtual reality (VR) headset comprising:at least one processor;
an electronic display screen configured to display a virtual scene to a user wearing the VR headset;
an eye tracking system including at least one image capturing element, the eye tracking system configured to determine an eye position of each eye of the user;
a pancake lens block comprising:
a back curved optical element configured to transmit a portion of light from the electronic display screen; and
a front curved optical element in optical series with the back curved optical element configured to reflect the portion of the light from the electronic display screen transmitted by the back curved optical element back to the back curved optical element, the back curved optical element reflecting a second portion of the light from the front curved optical element back to the front curved optical element for transmission to an exit pupil of the VR headset; and
a varifocal actuation block configured to adjust at least one of the front curved optical element or the back curved optical element to change a focal length of the pancake lens block based at least in part on the determined eye position of each eye of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,429,646

FREE SPACE OPTICAL COMBINER WITH PRESCRIPTION INTEGRATION

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a prescriptive see-through eyepiece including:
a meniscus lens body having an external scene side with a convex curvature and an eye-ward side with a concave curvature; and
an optical combiner disposed within the meniscus lens body between the external scene side and the eye-ward side to combine image light incident through the eye-ward side with external scene light incident through the external scene side into a combined image directed along an eye-ward direction out of the meniscus lens body, wherein the optical combiner is partially reflective and imparts substantially no lensing power to the external scene light that passes through the optical combiner, wherein the optical combiner along with the concave curvature of the eye-ward side of the meniscus lens body are collectively configured to impart prescriptive lensing to the image light, and wherein the convex curvature of the external scene side and the concave curvature of the eye-ward side are collectively configured to impart the prescriptive lensing to the external scene light;
wherein the meniscus lens body includes a recess in the eye-ward side and the optical combiner comprises an insert having a size and a shape that inserts into the recess;
wherein the optical combiner is configured to impart lensing power to the image light in reflection; and
wherein the optical combiner further comprises:
a plurality of serrated surfaces, wherein the serrated surfaces are curved to impart the lensing power in reflection; and
a partially reflective coating disposed over the serrated surfaces; and
wherein the recess includes an interior surface having complementary serrated surfaces that are mated to the plurality of serrated surfaces of the insert.

US Pat. No. 10,429,645

DIFFRACTIVE OPTICAL ELEMENT WITH INTEGRATED IN-COUPLING, EXIT PUPIL EXPANSION, AND OUT-COUPLING

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. An optical element, comprising:a monolithic substrate of optical material forming a waveguide in which one or more optical beams are propagated;
an in-coupling region integrated into the monolithic substrate, the in-coupling region having an input surface and configured with a one dimensional (1D) grating that is periodic in one direction to couple one or more optical beams incident on the input surface into the waveguide; and
a beam steering and out-coupling region integrated into the monolithic substrate and configured for pupil expansion of the one or more optical beams along a first direction,
wherein the beam steering and out-coupling region is configured with a two-dimensional (2D) grating that is periodic in two directions,
wherein the 2D grating is configured to provide at least two diverse optical paths to each of any given point in the 2D grating for the propagating optical beams, wherein differences between lengths of the at least two diverse optical paths to each of any given point exceed a coherence length of the propagating optical beams in the beam steering and out-coupling region so as to increase uniformity of output optical beams and thereby reduce optical interference.

US Pat. No. 10,429,641

LIGHT-ENHANCED SELF-CLEANING FILM SYSTEM AND METHOD OF FORMING SAME

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A self-cleaning film system comprising:a substrate;
a film disposed on the substrate and including:
a monolayer formed from a fluorinated material selected from the group consisting of fluorinated organic compounds, fluorinated inorganic compounds, and combinations thereof; and
a first plurality of regions disposed within the monolayer and spaced apart from one another such that each of the first plurality of regions abuts, is surrounded by, and is not covered by the fluorinated material, wherein each of the first plurality of regions includes a photocatalytic material; and
a wave guide disposed adjacent the substrate and including:
a first light source configured for emitting a first portion of electromagnetic radiation towards the film, wherein the first portion of electromagnetic radiation has an ultraviolet wavelength of from 10 nm to 400 nm; and
a second light source configured for emitting a second portion of electromagnetic radiation towards the film, wherein the second portion of electromagnetic radiation has an infrared wavelength of from 700 nm to 1 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,429,636

ILLUMINATION DEVICE AND IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS

Sony Corporation, (JP)

1. A light source device comprising:an excitation light source configured to emit excitation light having a spectrum with a peak wavelength within a first wavelength range;
a wheel unit including:
a fluorescent substance, responsive to being irradiated with the excitation light, configured to emit emission light having a spectrum with a peak wavelength within a second wavelength range which is different from the first wavelength range,
a reflector configured to reflect the emission light emitted from the fluorescent substance, and
a reflection prevention substance provided at an incidence side of the excitation light of the fluorescent substance; and
an optical condenser configured to condense the excitation light emitted from the excitation light source,
wherein the excitation light is incident at an angle of less than 20 degrees or less for the wheel unit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,635

COLOR CHANGEABLE OPTICAL FILTER AND EYEGLASSES INCLUDING SAME

MITSUI CHEMICALS, INC., ...

1. A color changeable optical filter for eyeglasses, comprising:two or more polarizers each containing a dichromatic pigment; and
a frame that supports the two or more polarizers,
wherein relative rotation of either a polarization plane of light entering at least one of the two or more polarizers or a polarization plane of light exiting at least one of the two or more polarizers changes hue or chroma of transmitted light through the optical filter, and at least one of the two or more polarizers is a chromatic polarizer of which chroma C* is 10 or more, and
wherein the relative rotation of the polarization plane is mechanical rotation of at least one of the two or more polarizers itself.

US Pat. No. 10,429,632

MICROSCOPY SYSTEM, MICROSCOPY METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM

Olympus Corporation, Tok...

1. A microscopy system, comprising:an image sensor configured to acquire slice images generated by capturing an object image while shifting a focal position along an optical axis of an observation optical system included in a microscope; and
a controller comprising hardware, the controller being configured to:
relatively shift, with respect to one slice image among the slice images, another slice image in a plane including the one slice image;
generate all-in-focus images by combining the one slice image and the other slice image relatively shifted with respect to the one slice image under conditions in which shift amounts of the other slice image with respect to the one slice image are different;
determine an area selected from any one of the all-in-focus images as an observation area in accordance with a performed operation;
extract an area corresponding to the observation area from another all-in-focus image other than the all-in-focus image from which the observation area is selected, and extract a slice image including the observation area from the slice images, based on a shift amount between a position of the observation area in the all-in-focus image from which the observation area is selected and a position of the area in the other all-in-focus image from which the area is extracted; and
display the all-in-focus images.