US Pat. No. 10,189,503

VEHICLE BODY STRUCTURE

Nissan North America, Inc...

1. A vehicle body structure comprising:a front side member having a front end and a front-section extending rearward from the front end, the front side member defining a hollow interior and extending in a vehicle longitudinal direction, the front side member having an outboard wall and an inboard wall with an outboard forward opening extending through the outboard wall to the hollow interior;
a body attachment structure attached to the outboard wall of the front side member along the front-section rearward of the outboard forward opening; and
an off center impact structure having a first end portion, a second end portion and a main section extending from the first end portion to the second end portion, the first end portion extending through the outboard forward opening and into the hollow interior of the front side member and being rigidly connected to the front side member forward of the body attachment structure, the second end portion being attached to the front side member at a location rearward of the body attachment structure and the main section extending around and outboard of the body attachment structure.

US Pat. No. 10,189,500

PARKING ASSISTANCE APPARATUS

AISIN SEIKI KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. A parking assistance apparatus comprising:an occupant information processing unit configured to process information on an occupant of a vehicle to generate occupant information;
a peripheral information processing unit configured to process information on a periphery of the vehicle to generate peripheral information including information on an object in the periphery of the vehicle; and
a parking setting unit configured to detect a parkable area which is an area in which the vehicle is parkable based on the peripheral information, and set a parking target position that is a target of parking of the vehicle in the parkable area based on the occupant information, and further comprising:
a storage unit configured to store door information including information on opening/closing of a door of the vehicle,
wherein the parking setting unit sets the parking target position in the parkable area based on the door information.

US Pat. No. 10,189,499

STEERING CONTROL APPARATUS AND STEERING CONTROL METHOD

MANDO CORPORATION, Pyeon...

1. A steering control apparatus comprising:a sensing unit configured to sense a vehicle speed, a steering angle, first lateral acceleration, and a steering angle speed;
an estimation unit configured to estimate second lateral acceleration on the basis of the vehicle speed and the steering angle;
a controller configured to
control a steering device to thereby increase a steering torque on the basis of a slip gradient which indicates a difference between the first lateral acceleration and the second lateral acceleration, and
release the controlling of the steering device when the steering angle speed is inverted, and
a dead zone setting unit configured to set a dead zone in which the slip gradient is set to have a value from 0 to a predetermined value,
wherein the controller controls the steering device so that the steering torque increases only when the slip gradient corresponds to a zone other than the dead zone.

US Pat. No. 10,189,483

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SETTING FUNCTIONS ACCORDING TO LOCATION

1. A vehicle comprising: a display screen; a receiver which receives location information; and a controller configured to: determine the location of the vehicle using the location information, render, on the display screen, a plurality of mode selection options including a valet mode selection option to select a valet mode, determine whether the valet mode selection option is selected, activate the valet mode when the valet mode selection option is selected, and render on the display a menu including a plurality of valet mode settings associated with the valet mode.

US Pat. No. 10,189,480

APPARATUSES, SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING DISTRACTIONS ASSOCIATED WITH VEHICLE DRIVING ROUTES

State Farm Mutual Automob...

1. A device for determining distractions associated with corresponding geographic locations along vehicle driving routes, the device comprising:a vehicle interior data receiving module stored on a memory that, when executed by a processor, causes the processor to receive vehicle interior data from at least one vehicle interior sensor, wherein the vehicle interior data is representative of distractions of at least one vehicle occupant;
a vehicle location data receiving module stored on the memory that, when executed by the processor, causes the processor to receive vehicle GPS (Global Positioning System) location data from at least one vehicle location sensor, wherein the vehicle GPS location data is representative of a vehicle GPS location;
a determined distraction/vehicle location correlation module stored on the memory that, when executed by the processor, causes the processor to correlate an image or an extracted image feature (i) from the vehicle interior data, and (ii) that has been determined to be representative of a vehicle occupant distraction, with the vehicle GPS location derived from the vehicle GPS location data;
and
a risk report generation module stored on the memory that, when executed by the processor, causes the processor to generate a risk report based upon the vehicle occupant distraction and the vehicle GPS location.

US Pat. No. 10,189,479

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE OPERATION ANALYSIS

1. A method to monitor, evaluate and quantify vehicle behavior, the method comprising:processing, using a mobile device including a processor, image data obtained by a camera showing an environment including a) at least a portion of a vehicle and b) objects external to and in proximity to the vehicle, wherein the objects comprise a traffic sign, and wherein processing the image data comprises using a component analysis of the image data to isolate features in the image data to identify the objects in relation to the vehicle and to identify the traffic sign among the objects based on at least one of a shape, color, or content of the traffic sign;
identifying, using the mobile device, a driver event using a pattern of objects including the traffic sign and the vehicle in the image data, the driver event involving the traffic sign and associated with a driver event rule specifying a reference vehicle operating behavior for the driver event, the driver event rule including observance of the traffic sign;
measuring, using the mobile device, a geographic location of the vehicle using a received signal indicating the geographic location of the vehicle;
determining, using the mobile device, an operating state of the vehicle using a received indication of vehicle motion;
evaluating, using the mobile device, compliance with the driver event rule for the driver event by at least:
a) calculating a proximity of the traffic sign to the vehicle based on a distance between the vehicle and the traffic sign and ii) the operating state of the vehicle, the distance determined using the geographic location of the vehicle and a geometry between the vehicle and the traffic sign extracted from the image data; and
b) comparing the proximity of the traffic sign and the operating state of the vehicle to determine an actual vehicle operating behavior; and
c) generating a score associated with operation of the vehicle by comparing the actual vehicle operating behavior with the reference vehicle operating behavior; and
outputting, using the mobile device, a profile of the actual vehicle operating behavior including the score to quantify an evaluation of the actual vehicle operating behavior.

US Pat. No. 10,189,478

METHOD FOR FAST CHANGE OF GEARS IN A VEHICLE COMPRISING A HYBRID DRIVELINE

SCANIA CV AB, (SE)

1. A method for shifting in a vehicle with a hybrid powertrain,the vehicle comprising:
a combustion engine and an electric machine both configured and operable to drive the vehicle;
a gearbox having an input shaft and a main shaft, wherein the combustion engine and the electric machine are connected to the input shaft; and
a lay shaft which is connected via gear sets to the input shaft and to the main shaft, to form a split gear unit and a main gear unit, the split gear unit having a synchronizer;
the method comprising the following steps:
a) bringing the main gear unit into a substantially zero torque state;
b) initiating, at a first point in time t1, synchronization of speed of the lay shaft with the speed of the input shaft, and synchronization of speed of the lay shaft with the speed of the main shaft;
c) engaging the gear in the split gear unit when the speed of the lay shaft has been synchronized with the speed of the input shaft at a second point in time t2; and
d) engaging the gear in the main gear unit when the speed of the lay shaft has been synchronized with the speed of the main shaft at a third point in time t3;
performing the synchronization of the speed of the lay shaft with the speed of the input shaft in step b) with the synchronizer arranged at the split gear unit, wherein the synchronizer comprises synchronization rings.

US Pat. No. 10,189,477

HYBRID VEHICLE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A hybrid vehicle comprising:an engine;
an electric motor configured to give braking force to the vehicle;
a battery configured to exchange electric power with the electric motor;
a hydraulic brake configured to give braking force to the vehicle; and
an electronic control unit configured to execute regeneration cooperative control such that braking force is given from the engine, the electric motor, or the hydraulic brake to the vehicle based on a driver's brake-on operation, the electronic control unit being configured to limit the regeneration cooperative control when an open end voltage of the battery is equal to or greater than a first predetermined voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,189,475

VEHICLE CONTROL APPARATUS

Mazda Motor Corporation, ...

1. A control apparatus of a vehicle including an engine, and an automatic transmission provided in a power transmission path between the engine and wheels, comprising:one or more processors configured to execute:
a transmission mode switching control program for controlling the automatic transmission to switch between an automatic transmission mode in which a gear ratio of the automatic transmission is changed automatically according to a traveling state of the vehicle and a manual transmission mode in which the gear ratio is changed manually by an operation of an operator of the vehicle;
a coast idle stop control program for performing a coast idle stop control in which the engine is stopped automatically and the automatic transmission is changed into a neutral position while the vehicle is traveling;
a coast idle control program for performing a coast idle control in which the engine is made running idle and the automatic transmission is changed into the neutral position while the vehicle is traveling; and
a coast traveling control program for causing the coast idle stop control program to perform the coast idle stop control or causing the coast idle control program to perform the coast idle control when a given coast traveling condition is satisfied, the given coast traveling condition being a condition in which a vehicle speed is faster than a given speed, a stepping-on amount of an accelerator pedal by the operator is less than a first given amount, and a stepping-on amount of a brake pedal by the operator is less than a second given amount,
wherein, after the given coast traveling condition is satisfied, when the transmission mode switching control program controls the automatic transmission in the automatic transmission mode, the coast traveling control program causes the coast idle stop control program to perform the coast idle stop control, and when the transmission mode switching control program controls the automatic transmission in the manual transmission mode, the coast traveling control program causes the coast idle control program to perform the coast idle control.

US Pat. No. 10,189,474

VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD

1. A method for driving control of a given vehicle in motion, comprising:driving an object detecting transducer that is fixed to the given vehicle in order to detect an object in a detection area at a detection distance away from the given vehicle; and
communicating a notification message from the given vehicle to the object in the detection area, the notification message being sent when the object is detected at a too close distance; and
wherein the object detecting transducer includes an image analysis detection system including plural image detection transducer elements.

US Pat. No. 10,189,472

SMART TRAILER CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:during vehicle driving, over a road segment, inferring characteristics of a trailer attached to a vehicle based on a real-time road gradient relative to an expected road gradient for the road segment; and
adjusting vehicle operations based on the inferred characteristics.

US Pat. No. 10,189,471

SHOVEL AND SHOVEL CONTROL METHOD

SUMITOMO HEAVY INDUSTRIES...

1. A shovel comprising:a lower running body;
an upper turning body pivotally mounted on the lower running body;
an engine mounted on the upper turning body;
a motor generator driven by the engine;
a power storage device for storing electric power generated by the motor generator;
an electric motor for supplying regenerative electric power to the power storage device;
a selective reduction catalyst system for purifying exhaust gas by injecting a reducing agent stored in a reducing agent storage tank into an exhaust pipe of the engine;
an abnormality detection unit for detecting an abnormality of the selective reduction catalyst system; and
a control device that performs abnormality determination on the selective reduction catalyst system based on a comparison of a detection result of the abnormality detection unit against one or more predetermined threshold values;
wherein the control device continues to control the electric motor before and after the abnormality determination.

US Pat. No. 10,189,469

METHOD OF CONTROLLING A POWERTRAIN OF A VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of controlling a powertrain of a vehicle, the powertrain including an internal combustion engine, a motor-generator coupled to the engine and having at least one actuator for connecting the motor-generator with the engine, a starter mechanism coupled to a crankshaft of the engine and having at least one actuator for engaging the starter mechanism with the crankshaft, at least one energy storage device, and at least one switch for connecting the at least one energy storage device to the motor-generator or the starter mechanism, the method comprising:sensing a plurality of operating conditions of the vehicle with a vehicle controller;
sensing an operating mode of a transmission with the vehicle controller to determine if the transmission is currently disposed in one of either a reverse drive mode or a forward drive mode, or if the transmission is not currently disposed in either of the reverse drive mode or the forward drive mode;
selecting a desired control mode from a plurality of available control modes based on the current operating conditions of the vehicle, with the vehicle controller, when the transmission is currently disposed in one of the reverse drive mode or the forward drive mode;
controlling a position of the at least one switch, engagement of the at least one actuator of the starter mechanism, and engagement of the at least one actuator of the motor-generator, with the vehicle controller, to configure the powertrain in the desired control mode;
sensing movement of the vehicle and a fueling state of the engine, with the vehicle controller, when the transmission is not currently disposed in either of the reverse drive mode or the forward drive mode, to determine if the vehicle is executing an autostop in which the vehicle is not moving and the engine is not being fueled and is not running, or if the vehicle is not currently executing the autostop;
controlling the position of the at least one switch, engagement of the at least one actuator of the starter mechanism, and engagement of the at least one actuator of the motor-generator, with the vehicle controller, when the transmission is not currently disposed in one of the reverse drive mode or the forward drive mode and the vehicle is executing the autostop, to configure the powertrain in an autostop control mode; and
controlling the position of the at least one switch, engagement of the at least one actuator of the starter mechanism, and engagement of the at least one actuator of the motor-generator, with the vehicle controller, to configure the powertrain in a discharge control mode to off-load the motor-generator when the transmission is not currently disposed in either of the reverse drive mode or the forward drive mode, and when the vehicle is not currently executing the autostop.

US Pat. No. 10,189,468

PADDLE SHIFTER CONTROL OF HYBRID POWERTRAIN

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a controller programmed to change a gear of a transmission in a hybrid powertrain in response to receiving a request from a paddle shifter and, in response to the hybrid powertrain operating in an economy mode and receiving the request in a presence of a brake demand signal indicative of a demand for braking, maintain the gear in an automatically selected gear.

US Pat. No. 10,189,467

CONTROL APPARATUS OF HYBRID VEHICLE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A control apparatus of a hybrid vehicle in which an engine, a first rotary electric machine, and a second rotary electric machine are connected to each other through a transmission mechanism including a gear train, the control apparatus configured to:determine whether or not a drive condition of the hybrid vehicle satisfies an abnormal sound generation condition of the gear train; and
execute a pressing process to apply a pressing torque for reducing rattling from the first rotary electric machine to the gear train of the transmission mechanism when the abnormal sound generation condition is satisfied and to not apply the pressing torque when the abnormal sound generation condition is not satisfied, wherein
the pressing torque applied by the first rotary electric machine is a torque in a direction to suppress an engine cam torque which rotates an engine output shaft during a period in which the engine is stopped,
a relationship between a crank angle of the engine and a direction of the engine cam torque is determined and stored in advance,
a pressing torque in a direction to rotate the engine output shaft in a negative rotation direction is applied when the crank angle during the period in which the engine is stopped is in an angle range where the engine output shaft is rotated in a positive rotation direction by the engine cam torque, and
a pressing torque in a direction to rotate the engine output shaft in the positive rotation direction is applied when the crank angle during the period in which the engine is stopped is in an angle range where the engine output shaft is rotated in the negative rotation direction by the engine cam torque.

US Pat. No. 10,189,466

IDENTIFYING IN-RANGE FUEL PRESSURE SENSOR ERROR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of operating an engine fuel system, comprising:during pulsed operation of a lift pump, turning the lift pump OFF when a sensed delivery pressure increases to a desired peak pressure, turning the lift pump OFF when an ON time of the lift pump reaches a calibrated maximum, turning the lift pump ON when the sensed delivery pressure decreases to a desired trough pressure, and turning the lift pump ON when a volume of fuel ingested by an engine reaches a predetermined volume.

US Pat. No. 10,189,464

BATTERY SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A battery system installed in a vehicle, the vehicle comprising:a motor-generator; and
an internal combustion engine, the vehicle being configured to switch between electric travel in which the vehicle uses power from the motor-generator but not the internal combustion engine and hybrid travel in which the vehicle uses power from both the internal combustion engine and the motor-generator during the hybrid travel,
the battery system comprising:
an electricity storage device comprising a plurality of battery units connected in series, the electricity storage device being configured to receive power from the motor-generator and to supply power to the motor-generator; and
an electronic control unit (ECU), the ECU being configured to:
calculate a vehicle state of charge (SOC) and an average SOC, the vehicle SOC being a ratio of a remaining amount of power of the electricity storage device to a total amount of power that can be charged to the electricity storage device, and the average SOC being an average of a maximum unit SOC and a minimum unit SOC among a plurality of unit SOCs corresponding respectively to each battery unit of the plurality of battery units,
switch a travel mode of the vehicle between a charge depleting (CD) mode and a charge sustaining (CS) mode, the CD mode being a travel mode in which electric travel is performed, and the CS mode being a travel mode in which an amount of power stored in the electricity storage device is maintained within a predetermined range by switching between electric travel and hybrid travel,
cause the vehicle to travel in the CD mode when the vehicle SOC is higher than a predetermined value, and switch from the CD mode to the CS mode and cause the vehicle to travel in the CS mode when the vehicle SOC falls below the predetermined value, and
calculate the vehicle SOC at a higher value than the average SOC when the average SOC is higher than a threshold value, and calculate the vehicle SOC at a lower value than the average SOC when the average SOC is lower than the threshold value, and the threshold value being set at a lower value than a center value between an upper limit value and a lower limit value of the vehicle SOC.

US Pat. No. 10,189,463

FUEL CELL RANGE EXTENDER

1. A method for operating a fuel cell of a hybrid vehicle having an electric drive having a power accumulator configured to charge the fuel cell, the method comprising:activating and deactivating the fuel cell as a function of a first characteristic map having a first input variable representing a present power demand of the hybrid vehicle which exists over a first defined observation time range, a second input variable of representing a present charge state of the power accumulator, and a third input variable representing a present vehicle velocity.

US Pat. No. 10,189,461

CONTROL DEVICE FOR HYBRID VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An electronic control unit for a hybrid vehicle, the hybrid vehicle comprising:an internal combustion engine;
an electric motor being enabled to function as a power source for propulsion;
a main battery being electrically connected to the electric motor;
a fuel heating device being enabled to heat fuel to be used for the internal combustion engine; and
an auxiliary battery being enable to be charged by the main battery and supply electric power to the fuel heating device, wherein
the electronic control unit is programmed to:
execute fuel heating processing where the fuel is heated with the fuel heating device;
execute charge processing where the auxiliary battery is charged with the main battery; and
determine whether a voltage of the auxiliary battery is less than a predetermined value;
determine whether a start-up condition has been established;
wherein in response to a determination that the voltage of the auxiliary battery is not less than the predetermined value and a determination that the start-up condition has been established, the electronic control unit executes the fuel heating processing and then starts up the internal combustion engine in sequence; and
wherein in response to a determination that the voltage of the auxiliary battery is less than the predetermined value and a determination that the start-up condition has been established, the electronic control unit executes the charge processing, executes the fuel heating processing, and then starts up the internal combustion engine in sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,189,460

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE TRANSMISSION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A driveline operating method, comprising:in response to a battery state of charge lower than a threshold charge, operating a driveline in a first mode in which a motor in the driveline coupled between an engine and an impeller of a torque converter is operated at a first desired motor torque determined as a function of a desired torque converter impeller speed, and the engine is operated at a first desired engine torque determined as a function of a driver demand torque; and
in response to the battery state of charge higher than the threshold charge, operating the driveline in a second mode in which the engine in the driveline is operated at a second desired engine torque determined as a function of the desired torque converter impeller speed.

US Pat. No. 10,189,458

THIOL BASED RESIN SYSTEM FOR REMOVAL OF COPPER IONS FROM HYDRAULIC FLUID

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A system for removing copper species from a hydraulic fluid, the system comprising:a filter comprising a thiol resin,
wherein the thiol resin comprises 2-mercaptoethyl ethyl sulfide silica beads, and
wherein the filter is configured to be in fluid communication with the hydraulic fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,189,456

VEHICLE BRAKE SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPERATING

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A vehicle brake system comprising:a master cylinder;
a first plurality of brake cylinders provided at a first vehicle axle;
a second plurality of brake cylinders provided at a second vehicle axle;
an electronically-controlled pressure generating unit distinct from the master cylinder;
a first hydraulic circuit in selective fluid communication with the master cylinder and the first plurality of brake cylinders;
a second hydraulic circuit in selective fluid communication with the master cylinder and the second plurality of brake cylinders;
a first isolation valve in the first hydraulic circuit;
a second isolation valve in the second hydraulic circuit; and
a controller operable to receive an input;
wherein, in a first mode, the controller is operable to actuate the electronically-controlled pressure generating unit to deliver hydraulic fluid pressure to the first hydraulic circuit and separately to the second hydraulic circuit proportional to the input,
wherein, in a second mode, the controller is operable to actuate the electronically-controlled pressure generating unit to deliver hydraulic fluid pressure to the first hydraulic circuit and the first plurality of brake cylinders and the master cylinder is in communication with the second hydraulic circuit to deliver hydraulic fluid pressure to the second plurality of brake cylinders,
wherein, in the second mode, the second isolation valve is open to provide a fluid path between the master cylinder and the second plurality of brake cylinders and the first isolation valve is closed to block a fluid path between the master cylinder and the first plurality of brake cylinders.

US Pat. No. 10,189,451

RETURN-TO-PARK SPRING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A transmission comprising:a housing;
a valve assembly and a stop block each disposed on the housing;
a park brake lever in the housing, rotatable about an axis, and having first, second, and third legs extending away from the axis wherein the first leg is disposed between the valve assembly and the stop block;
a pawl coupled to the second leg for engaging a parking brake gear; and
a spring having a closed-ended first end coupled to the third leg, and an open-ended second end coupled to the housing to bias the first leg towards the valve assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,189,449

VEHICLE CLEANING

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A computer comprising a processor and a memory storing processor-executable instruction, the processor programmed to:upon determining that obstruction of a window exceeds a first threshold and a reservoir fluid level is above both of two level sensors vertically spaced in the reservoir, wash the window using fluid from the reservoir; and
upon determining that obstruction of an external sensor exceeds a second threshold and the fluid level is above at least one of the level sensors, wash the external sensor using fluid from the reservoir.

US Pat. No. 10,189,446

END PIECE FOR A WIPER AND CORRESPONDING WIPING ASSEMBLY

1. An end piece for a wiper provided with a rigidifying element which extends substantially according to a longitudinal axis of extension, the end piece comprising:a channel for receipt of the rigidifying element, which opens at a first longitudinal end of the end piece;
first positioning stops;
a first means for locking the rigidifying element in the interior of the receipt channel; and
at least one second positioning stop to cooperate equally well with a first or second type of rigidifying element with dimensions different from one another,
the first positioning stops being operational when the first type of rigidifying element is inserted in the receipt channel, and
the at least one second positioning stop being operational when the second type of rigidifying element is inserted in the channel for receipt of the end piece,
wherein the first positioning stops and the at least one second positioning stop are separate from the first means for locking the rigidifying element, and project from at least one lateral wall of the end piece, and
wherein a free end of the at least one second positioning stop is disposed further than a free end of the first positioning stops from the at least one lateral wall.

US Pat. No. 10,189,445

WIPER BLADE

1. A wiper blade comprising:a wiper strip,
a primary frame, having a top side oriented away from the wiper strip, and opposite ends, a connection device capable of connecting the wiper blade to a wiper arm disposed on the top side of the primary frame, and a connection structure disposed on each of the opposite ends of the primary frame;
a pair of secondary frames, each having a top surface oriented away from the wiper strip and a bottom surface oriented towards the wiper strip, each having a pivot connection portion and two leg portions, wherein each leg portion is straight and extends from the pivot connection portion at an oblique angle of descent relative to the pivot connection portion, a pivot structure disposed on the central pivot connection portion of the secondary frames, wherein each leg portion is thin and has a cross-section with a substantially rectangular shape having the thickness of the pivot connection portion, wherein the cross-section is made by a vertical plane;
wherein the pivot structures disposed on the secondary frames are connected to the connection structures on the ends of the primary frame.

US Pat. No. 10,189,443

VIRTUAL KEY FOR VEHICLE SERVICING

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A computer-implemented method for unlocking a vehicle for servicing the vehicle, the method comprising:receiving, by a telematics module, a sensor measurement of the vehicle from a diagnostic sensor of the vehicle;
determining, by a vehicle diagnostic module, a servicing request for the vehicle based on the sensor measurement;
generating, by a virtual key generator, a virtual key for servicing the vehicle, the virtual key including a time duration, a geographic location for servicing the vehicle, and an identifier of a specific virtual key device to be used to unlock the vehicle, wherein generating the virtual key comprises:
sending, by a service provider server, a servicing authorization request to a user device;
receiving, by the service provider server, from the user device, a selection of a service provider to service the vehicle and a selection of the geographic location at which to service the vehicle, wherein the service provider has the specific virtual key device;
sending, by the service provider server, a first authorization request to the user device, the first authorization request includes a time range for accessing the vehicle at the geographic location by the service provider;
receiving, by the virtual key generator, from the user device, a selection of the time duration at which to service the vehicle at the geographic location, the selection of the time duration made from within the time range;
generating, by the virtual key generator, the virtual key using the geographic location, the time duration, and the identifier of the specific virtual key device; and
sending, by the virtual key generator, the virtual key to the specific virtual key device; and
unlocking, by a virtual key module, the vehicle to allow access for servicing the vehicle based on the specific virtual key device when the specific virtual key device associated with the identifier has the virtual key stored therein, and is brought within a predetermined vicinity of the vehicle at the geographic location and during the time duration.

US Pat. No. 10,189,442

REMOTE VEHICLE STARTER AND APPLIANCE ACTIVATION SYSTEM

1. A remote vehicle starter and appliance activation system comprising:a base unit including at least one base unit transmitter, and at least one power outlet, said base unit transmitter being configured to transmit at least one signal at a predetermined time and to provide power to an appliance plugged into said power outlet at said predetermined time; and
a remote unit including at least one remote unit receiver, and at least one remote unit transmitter, said remote unit receiver being configured to receive said signal from said base unit transmitter, said remote unit transmitter being configured to transmit a vehicle start signal to a vehicle starting unit;
wherein said vehicle starting unit having a configuration capable of starting an engine of a vehicle associated with said vehicle starting unit.

US Pat. No. 10,189,441

TWO STEP SMART KEY START SYSTEM

1. A system for operating a vehicle comprising:a key comprising at least one electronic code; and
a processor configured to authenticate and detect the key,
wherein the vehicle comprises:
a vehicle movement selector; and
a brake system,
wherein the processor is configured to perform a primary authentication of the at least one electronic code and detection of the key within the vehicle at the time a vehicle starter activation is attempted and again upon activation of the brake system after the vehicle is started and a secondary authentication of the at least one electronic code at the time the vehicle starter is activation is attempted and again upon activation of the brake system after the vehicle is started, and
wherein the processor is configured to enable use of the vehicle movement selector following the primary or secondary authentication of the at least one electronic code.

US Pat. No. 10,189,438

SEAT BELT ATTACHMENT

6. An attachment device for connecting a seat belt buckle connector and a strap with a seat belt tongue, said attachment device comprising:an integral body having a buckle component comprising a tongue fastening mechanism configured to connect with the seat belt tongue, an attachment tongue extending from the buckle component configured to connect with the seat belt connector, and two rigid bars extending outwardly from the buckle component, each bar respectively extending from each side of the buckle component whereby when the seat belt buckle connector and the seat belt tongue are connected to the tongue fastening mechanism and the attachment tongue, the attachment device is located between said seat belt buckle connector and said seat belt tongue.

US Pat. No. 10,189,435

VEHICULAR RESTRAINT DEVICE FOR ANIMALS

1. An animal restraint device for restraining an animal relative to a vehicle seat having two lower anchors laterally spaced apart at a rear bottom of the seat and an auxiliary anchor separate from the lower anchors, and a retractable tether assembly having a retraction mechanism operable to vary an overall length of the tether assembly between opposing first and second ends of the tether assembly in which the second end is secured to the auxiliary anchor of the vehicle, the device comprising:a harness extending longitudinally between a front end and a rear end for being secured about a torso of the animal such that the front end is proximate a neck of the animal and the rear end is nearer to a rear of the animal than the front end;
the harness including a chest panel for extending along a chest of the animal and a back portion for extending along a back of the animal opposite the chest panel;
a lower connector on the back portion of the harness;
a common latch which selectively mates in connection with the lower connector on the back portion of the harness;
two lower tethers, each extending between an inner end and an outer end having a lower latch thereon for securement to a respective one of the lower anchors;
the inner ends of the two lower tethers being mounted onto a common mounting ring together with the common latch such that the two lower tethers are selectively secured to the harness by the mating connection of the common latch with the lower connector on the harness; and
an upper connector on the harness which is longitudinally spaced from the lower connector for connection to the first end of the retractable tether assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,189,432

VEHICLE OCCUPANT RESTRAINT DEVICE

AUTOLIV DEVELOPMENT AB, ...

7. An occupant restraining device configured to restrain an occupant sitting in a vehicle seat, comprising:a seatbelt fixed at left and right sides of a seat cushion of the seat to restrain the hip of the occupant;
left and right airbags stored inside a seat back of the seat on left and right sides respectively thereof and inflated and deployed on left and right sides of the occupant; and
a tensile fabric connected to each of the left and right airbags and the seat cushion and placed under tension when the left and right airbags are inflated and deployed, the tensile fabric extending between the left and right airbags when inflated and deployed on both side surfaces of the seat cushion, the tensile fabric is a fabric member connected to each of the left and right airbags through an inside part or a lower part of the seat cushion.

US Pat. No. 10,189,431

VEHICLE OCCUPANT PROTECTION DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle occupant protection device comprising:an airbag structured as a single bag that is configured to cover a head area of a vehicle occupant, the airbag being stowed at a headrest or seatback of a vehicle seat, the airbag receiving a gas supply and inflating and expanding toward a seat front side, and the airbag including
a front inflation portion that is configured to be inflated at the seat front relative to the head area, and
a left and right pair of side inflation portions that are connected to the front inflation portion and configured to be inflated at seat sides relative to the head area; and
an opening portion that is provided at the airbag, is configured to cover the head area from the seat front side or a seat side, and is openable after the inflation and expansion of the airbag, wherein
the opening portion includes a plurality of opening hooks at a periphery edge portion thereof, and
the airbag includes opening engaging portions with which the plurality of opening hooks are respectively detachably engaged.

US Pat. No. 10,189,429

VEHICLE SENSOR CLEANING BASED ON A VEHICLE OCCUPANCY STATUS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A computer comprising a processor and a memory storing processor-executable instructions, the processor programmed to:upon determining that a vehicle is unoccupied, instruct a compressor to pressurize an accumulator of the vehicle; and
upon determining that the vehicle is occupied and that the accumulator is below a threshold pressure, instruct the compressor to pressurize the accumulator.

US Pat. No. 10,189,424

STRUCTURE FOR CONNECTING ELECTRIC WIRES AND WIRE HARNESS

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...

1. A structure for connecting electric wires, comprising:a single-core conductor made of a single metal rod includes a single-core wire and an insulating coating wrapped around the single-core wire, the insulating coating is stripped from one end of the single-core wire so as to expose a terminal portion;
a flexible conductor made of a plurality of elemental metal wires includes a stranded wire and an insulating coating wrapped around the stranded wire, the insulating coating is stripped from one end of the stranded wire so as to expose a terminal portion, and the flexible conductor has a higher flexibility than the single-core conductor,
wherein a clamping portion is integrally formed at the one end of the single-core conductor so that it is made from the same single metal rod, the flexible conductor is inserted into the clamping portion and is clamped on two sides thereof in a direction transverse to a direction in which the electric wires extend so that the flexible conductor and the single-core conductor are connected together.

US Pat. No. 10,189,423

WIRE HARNESS ROUTING AID

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A wire harness routing aid for a vehicle comprising:an extruded core made of a thermosetting polymer, wherein the extruded core is cured into a shape to fit within a close packaging envelope of the vehicle;
a plurality of wires positioned around an exterior of the extruded core; and
a fastening layer to affix the plurality of wires to the extruded core.

US Pat. No. 10,189,422

WIRE HARNESS

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A wire harness which electrically connects high-voltage devices comprising:a conductive path that is used as a trunk cable;
a branch cable that branches from the trunk cable; and
a branch connecting portion which connects the trunk cable with the branch cable,
wherein the trunk cable has a trunk cable-side conductor exposed portion where a cover of the trunk cable lying in a predetermined position of the trunk cable is removed,
the branch cable has a branch cable-side conductor exposed portion where a cover of the branch cable lying a predetermined position of the branch cable is removed,
the trunk cable-side conductor exposed portion is connected with the branch cable-side conductor exposed portion at the branch connecting portion, and
the branch connecting portion has an insulating and waterproofing portion which functions as an insulating portion and a waterproofing portion,
wherein the insulating and waterproofing portion is configured to fill spaces around circumferences of the branch connecting portion with resin in a watertight fashion and setting the resin such that the branch connecting portion is embedded in set resin molds forming the insulating and waterproofing portion.

US Pat. No. 10,189,419

CARGO CARRIER AND METHOD OF USING SAME

1. A cargo carrier attachable to a trailer hitch receiver and having a weight, the cargo carrier comprising:a hitch adapter mountable to the trailer hitch receiver;
a mount; and
a cargo receptacle secured to the mount;
wherein the mount includes a carriage and an actuator, the carriage being removably mountable to the hitch adapter, the carriage being selectively movable relative to the cargo receptacle between lower and upper positions, the actuator being operatively coupled to the carriage for moving the carriage between the lower and upper positions;
wherein the hitch adapter defines an adapter protruding portion and the carriage defines a cavity configured and sized for receiving at least partially the adapter protruding portion thereinto;
wherein the carriage defines a lower aperture leading into the cavity from below, the adapter protruding portion being inserted in the cavity through the lower aperture, the carriage abutting vertically against the hitch adapter when the carriage is operatively mounted to the hitch adapter so that the weight of the cargo carrier is supported by the hitch adapter through vertical abutment of the carriage against the hitch adapter;
whereby, with the carriage mounted to the hitch adapter, moving the carriage between the upper and lower positions raises and lowers the cargo receptacle relative to the hitch adapter.

US Pat. No. 10,189,417

SLIDING AUTOMOBILE ROOF RACK

1. A sliding roof rack comprising:a base;
a rack slidably engaging a top of said base comprising:
a rack first rail;
a rack second rail;
a rack first crossmember disposed between said rack first rail and said rack second rail;
a rack second crossmember disposed between said rack first rail and said rack second rail;
a plurality of luggage rack luggage rails, each disposed between said rack first rail and said rack second rail; and,
a pair of sliders secured beneath said rack adjacent each corner of said rack first crossmember and said rack second crossmember;
wherein said pair of sliders each slidably interact with portions of said base; and,
wherein said supporting assembly slidably interacts with either said rack first rail or said rack second rail; and,
a supporting assembly pivotally attached to and capable of lengthwise movement along a portion of said rack;
wherein said base is adapted to be removably secured to a roof of an automobile;
wherein said rack is slidingly and movably secured to said base;
wherein a user can adaptably manipulate said rack from a stored position upon said base to a downward angular position adjacent a side of said automobile;
wherein a user can adaptably manipulate said supporting assembly to support a load on said rack; and,
wherein said supporting assembly further comprises:
a first movable hinge slidably interacting with a respective rack rail;
a support plate having a first end attached to said first movable hinge and a slot located at a second end;
a second movable hinge attached to an intermediate location on a first side of said support plate;
a third movable hinge slidably interacting with a respective rack rail;
a support brace, having a first end pivotally attached to said second movable hinge and a second end attached to said third movable hinge; and,
a locking knob attached to said third movable hinge and capable of securing a relative position of said third movable hinge relative to said respective rack rail;
wherein said locking knob is capable of securing said support plate second end to said respective rail when passing through said slot.

US Pat. No. 10,189,415

STORAGE ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A storage assembly, comprising:a first portion including a shaft, the shaft having a stop portion protruded radially; and
a second portion including a shaft hole receiving the shaft to rotate therein; wherein
the first portion is rotatably connected to the second portion via the shaft to rotate from a first rest position to a second rest position through an intermediate position, the shaft hole is configured to contact the stop portion in the first rest position and the second rest position and to space apart radially from the stop portion in the intermediate position.

US Pat. No. 10,189,414

VEHICLE STORAGE ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A storage assembly for a vehicle comprising:a console housing defined by a plurality of surfaces;
a member extending along at least one of the plurality of surfaces and movable along the console housing between a closed position and an open position, wherein the member defines a storage compartment in the open position; and
a substrate defining a bottom surface of the storage compartment and wound about a spool, the spool disposed within the storage compartment, the substrate expandable as the member is moved between the open and closed positions.

US Pat. No. 10,189,413

ADJUSTABLE TAMBOUR CARGO DECK FOR A VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A vehicle having a cargo area, comprising:interior panels positioned within the cargo area, the interior panels including a track system having a first track portion defining a first cargo floor position, a second track portion defining a second cargo floor position and a third track portion defining a third cargo floor position; and
a tambour cargo deck supported by the track system, and slidably movable from the first or second cargo floor position to the third cargo floor position, and slidably movable from the third argo floor position to the first or second cargo floor position.

US Pat. No. 10,189,408

DISPLAY MIRROR ASSEMBLY INCORPORATING HEATSINK

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. A display mirror assembly for a vehicle, comprising:a display device defining a display surface having a display perimeter elongated along a length;
a primary PCB in communication with the display device, the primary PCB comprising a first side and an opposing second side, wherein the first side is directed toward the display device;
a heat sink in connection with the second side of the primary PCB and extending substantially coextensive with the length display perimeter; and
a lighting module extending along the length of the display device, wherein the lighting module extends substantially perpendicular to the first side of the primary PCB and is configured to direct edge lighting substantially parallel to the first side of the primary PCB.

US Pat. No. 10,189,406

OVERHEAD STORAGE BIN UTILIZATION DETECTION AND DISPLAY SYSTEM

1. A storage bin space utilization detection and display system for use with a storage bin for storing one or more objects, comprising:a plurality of sensors disposed within an interior portion of the storage bin, wherein each of the plurality of sensors is associated with one of a plurality of regions defined within the interior portion of the storage bin, wherein each of the plurality of sensors is operable for detecting a presence/absence of the one or more objects within the associated region defined within the interior portion of the storage bin, and wherein each of the plurality of sensors is operable for determining one or more of a relative size of the one or more objects within the associated region defined within the interior portion of the storage bin and an amount of space remaining within the associated region defined within the interior portion of the storage bin; and
a visual indicator device operable for indicating the detected presence/absence of the one or more objects within the associated region defined within the interior portion of the storage bin to an individual outside of the storage bin.

US Pat. No. 10,189,404

VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICE

PIONEER CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A vehicle lighting device, comprising:a light arranged in a vehicle interior;
a detector including a touch panel, the detector detecting a detection object by contact with the detection object on the touch panel; and
a controller controlling a lighting position of the light and a light intensity of the light by detecting the detection object,
wherein the detector includes a first portion for displacing, when a position of the detection object on the touch panel is detected, an emission direction of the light toward a position in the vehicle corresponding to the position of the detection object via the controller, and a second portion for controlling, when the position of the detection object on the touch panel is detected, the light intensity of the light via the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,189,403

VEHICLE INTERIOR ILLUMINATION DEVICE

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A vehicle interior illumination device for controlling illumination in a vehicle interior, the vehicle interior illumination device comprising:an operation input portion configured to receive an instruction operation of either lighting or light adjustment by a user;
a first state detection portion configured to detect a first state representative of a getting-off preparation of the user;
a second state detection portion configured to detect a second state representative of a getting-off completion of the user; and
a light adjustment degree setting portion configured to shift the illumination to a preset light adjustment degree including off when the first state and the second state are detected,
wherein the second state is detected by the second state detection portion monitoring and detecting operation of the at least one of a switch and a function that is different from the operation input portion and either lighting or light adjustment.

US Pat. No. 10,189,402

ILLUMINATION APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. An illumination apparatus for a vehicle, the illumination apparatus comprising:a projector configured to project an image of visible light; and
a processing apparatus configured to predict a travel area of the vehicle after a predetermined time or a predetermined distance of travel, and project an image in the predicted travel area with the projector for illumination of the travel area, the image being indicative of a travel state of the vehicle or a control state of the vehicle, wherein the processing apparatus projects the image indicative of the control state of the intervention control with the projector, wherein the intervention control includes an autonomous vehicle speed control, and the processing apparatus projects, in an acceleration control state, the image such that only a front end portion of the image is flashed, and projects, in a deceleration control state, the image such that only a rear end portion of the image is flashed, and wherein front and rear directions of the image are defined with respect to the image on a road surface viewed from the vehicle side.

US Pat. No. 10,189,401

VEHICLE LIGHT STRIP WITH OPTICAL ELEMENT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle light strip comprising:a housing member;
a light assembly inside the housing member and having a light source and a photoluminescent structure that is configured to luminesce in response to light excitation by the light source; and
an optical element having a cross-section with an inverted triangular shape, a first surface of the optical element defining a hypotenuse having a random non-planar arrangement configured to transmit a portion of luminescent light toward a front wall of the housing member and direct another portion of luminescent light toward at least one side wall of the housing member.

US Pat. No. 10,189,400

MOBILE DEVICE TRACKING FOR CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUBSYSTEMS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:light panels attached to the vehicle;
wireless nodes; and
an auxiliary body control module to:
when a speed of the vehicle is less than a threshold speed, monitor, via the wireless nodes, a distance between a tracking tag and the vehicle, the tracking tag configured to attach to an article of clothing that includes an LED pixel; and
in response to the distance satisfying a range threshold, activate the light panels and the LED pixel of the tracking tag.

US Pat. No. 10,189,396

VEHICLE HEADLAMP CONTROL DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle headlamp control device comprising:a headlamp that irradiates an area in front of a vehicle;
a camera that captures an image of the area in front of the vehicle;
a pedestrian detection portion configured to detect a pedestrian in front of the vehicle from the image captured by the camera by performing pattern recognition based on a plurality of preregistered pattern images, wherein an image of a pedestrian whose eyes are hidden by a given-shaped part is included in the plurality of preregistered pattern images; and
a control portion configured to control the headlamp and cause the headlamp to irradiate the pedestrian based on the preregistered pattern image of the pedestrian whose eyes are hidden by the given-shaped part, so that the given-shaped part formed at a location of an eye of the pedestrian is not irradiated, or is irradiated by dimmed light.

US Pat. No. 10,189,394

VEHICLE GUTTER SPOUT COVER

1. A vehicle gutter spout cover comprising:a first receptacle with a generally smooth outside surface;
a first orifice located on the first receptacle and configured to allow the first receptacle to slide over and enclose at least a portion of a gutter spout;
an adjustable length connecting means permanently attached to the first receptacle, the adjustable length connecting means comprising:
a first connector;
a first connector length adjustment means attached to the first connector;
a second connector attached to the first connector length adjustment means, and wherein the adjustable length connecting means is infinitely adjustable in length between a maximum length and minimum length;
a second receptacle with a generally smooth outside surface;
a second orifice located on the second receptacle and configured to allow the second receptacle to slide over and enclose at least a portion of a gutter spout, and the adjustable length connecting means permanently attached to the second receptacle, and
wherein the adjustable length connecting means is configured to be tightened to securely attach the first receptacle and second receptacle to the gutter spouts.

US Pat. No. 10,189,366

BATTERY SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A battery system comprising:a lithium-ion secondary battery that employs a two-phase coexistence type positive electrode active material; and
a controller that:
calculates a distribution of concentration of lithium in an active material in the lithium-ion secondary battery based on a diffusion coefficient and a boundary condition,
calculates an average concentration of lithium in the active material based on the calculated distribution of concentration of lithium, and
calculates a state of charge (SOC) corresponding to the calculated average concentration based on a corresponding relationship between the average concentration and an SOC of the lithium-ion secondary battery, wherein
the controller corrects the diffusion coefficient in accordance with history data indicating a charge/discharge state of the lithium-ion secondary battery in a predetermined period to a present time, by multiplying a reference value of the diffusion coefficient by a correction coefficient corresponding to the history data, and
wherein the history data is updated every time the lithium-ion secondary battery is charged or discharged.

US Pat. No. 10,189,364

NON-CONTACT ELECTRIC POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM, CHARGING STATION, AND VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A non-contact electric power transmission system transmitting electric power between a vehicle and a charging station in a non-contact manner,the charging station comprising:
a plurality of power transmission devices configured to transmit the electric power in the non-contact manner;
a station control unit configured to transmit a first message for inquiring whether or not the vehicle is parked at a location provided with one of the power transmission devices, after charging is completed;
the vehicle comprising:
a power reception device configured to receive the electric power in the non-contact manner; and
a vehicle control unit configured to transmit a second message for informing that the vehicle is parked, when receiving the first message,
when alignment between one of the plurality of power transmission devices and the power reception device is completed, the vehicle control unit being configured to perform pairing processing between the vehicle and the charging station, the pairing processing being performed for causing the charging station to specify with which of the plurality of power transmission devices the power reception device is aligned,
after the pairing processing is completed, the vehicle control unit being configured to receive from the charging station information for specifying the power transmission device with which the alignment is performed,
the first message including the information for specifying the power transmission device,
when a transmission device specified by the information received after the pairing processing corresponds to a transmission device specified by the first message received, the vehicle control unit being configured to transmit the second message including the received information for specifying the power transmission device,
when the station control unit does not receive the second message after transmitting the first message, the station control unit being configured to determine that the vehicle is not parked at the location provided with the one of the plurality of power transmission devices.

US Pat. No. 10,189,361

CHARGING AND DISCHARGING CURRENT QUANTITY DISPLAY DEVICE FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE

MITSUBISHI JIDOSHA KOGYO ...

1. A charging and discharging current quantity display device for an electric vehicle, comprising:a power-feed unit having a charging port; and
an electricity storage unit which is charged by electric power supplied from an external power supply through the charging port;
a current sensor detecting a charging and discharging current quantity of the electricity storage unit;
a current quantity display unit that includes a plurality of indicators arranged at the power-feed unit and indicates the magnitude of the charging and discharging current quantity of the electricity storage unit by changing lighting states of the indicators; and
a current quantity display controller controlling a lighting state of each of the indicators in accordance with the current quantity detected by the current sensor,
wherein the indicators are arranged around the charging port, and
wherein the current quantity display controller controls the lighting states of the indicators such that each of the indicators blinks sequentially in one direction and changes the direction in which each of the indicators blinks sequentially, between when the battery is being charged and when the battery is being discharged.

US Pat. No. 10,189,358

POWER SUPPLY DEVICE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A power supply device comprising:a first boost converter electrically connected to an electric load;
a second boost converter electrically connected to the electric load and connected in parallel with the first boost converter to the electric load;
a power storage device connected in common to the first boost converter and the second boost converter; and
a controller configured to (i) use the first boost converter to execute voltage control and (ii) use the second boost converter to execute power control, the voltage control being executed for performing a voltage boosting operation such that a voltage to be applied to the electric load is set at a target voltage, and the power control being executed for, when required power required at least for the electric load cannot be supplied to the electric load from only a single boost converter executing the voltage control, supplying electric power to the electric load while setting part of the required power as a target power,
the controller being configured to
calculate a first stress value and a second stress value, the first stress value quantitatively showing a stress that is caused by the voltage boosting operation of the first boost converter and that is accumulated in a component included in the first boost converter, the second stress value quantitatively showing a stress that is caused by the voltage boosting operation of the second boost converter and that is accumulated in a component included in the second boost converter,
when the first stress value is greater than the second stress value, use the second boost converter to execute the voltage control and use the first boost converter to execute the power control,
perform no switching from the voltage control using the first boost converter to the voltage control using the second boost converter when a magnitude of a difference between the first stress value and the second stress value is less than a threshold value even if the first stress value is greater than the second stress value, and
set the threshold value to be smaller as at least any one of the first stress value and the second stress value is larger.

US Pat. No. 10,189,354

BATTERY SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR OPERATING SAID BATTERY SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a battery system (1) having multiple battery cells (8) and a battery management system for monitoring and controlling the battery cells (8), wherein the battery management system comprises a main control device (2), a first measuring chain (34) having a first plurality of measuring chips (40, 42), and a second measuring chain (36) having a second plurality of measuring chips (40, 42), wherein the first and second plurality of measuring chips (40, 42) are configured to ascertain, in a redundant manner, measured data at the battery cells (8) and in each case to perform diagnoses at the battery cells (8), and a cell balancing procedure of the battery cells (8), the method comprising:establishing a hierarchy state of the first and second measuring chains (34, 36) by a control channel (44) of the battery system (1);
wherein in the event of the failure of one of the measuring chains (34, 36) the battery system (1) transfers into a reduced availability mode and the control channel (44) establishes the hierarchy state such that the other measuring chain (34, 36) ascertains the measured data, performs the diagnoses and performs the cell balancing procedure.

US Pat. No. 10,189,352

INTELLIGENT SAFETY SYSTEM FOR VEHICLES

1. A smart safety and emergency-assistance system for a vehicle comprising:means for automatic Global System for Mobile communications/General Packet Radio Services/Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (GSM/GPRS/UMTS) radio/tele-communication for enabling transmission of data and of an alarm;
a data recording device;
a first set of a plurality of sensors comprising an electrocardiogram sensor, weight sensors, infrared sensors, a sensor for a baby car seat of the vehicle, ultrasound sensors;
means for automatic driving and management of the vehicle, said means for automatic driving and management interfacing with said plurality of sensors, wherein said vehicle and an occupant present on board the vehicle is monitored for an occurrence of one or more predetermined distress events via the plurality of sensors, wherein during an occurrence of the one or more predetermined distress events, said system instantaneously sends, via said means for automatic driving and management of the vehicle, a communication indicating a state of emergency for the occupant of the vehicle, said communication being sent while the occupant is driving the vehicle or in a passive condition in which the vehicle is stationary and in a non-powered state with or without an ignition key being inserted in an ignition lock of the vehicle, and records in the data recording device, at pre-set time intervals, data regarding the monitored distress event; and wherein a vehicle micro-telephone and GSM/GPRS/UMTS radio/tele-communication means transmit data recorded on the data recording device and via a cellphone of the occupant of the vehicle to at least one of designated emergency contacts stored in the occupant's cellphone, a remote digital archive and operating centers of emergency-service providers and authorities; and
a bracelet including a bracelet data recording device and a second set of the plurality of sensors, said bracelet being worn by the occupant of the vehicle, said second set including a bracelet data recording device and at least a portion of sensors which are redundant to the first set of sensors, said bracelet being in electronic communication with the vehicle in a Wi-Fi or Bluetooth mode of operation to activate an alarm signal for requesting emergency intervention on behalf of the occupant when one of the one or more predetermined distress events is detected, said emergency intervention including sending a message to at least one of an emergency contact stored in the cell-phone of the occupant, the remote digital archive and operating centers of emergency-service providers and authorities; wherein said bracelet detects and monitors for malfunctioning of specific component elements of the system on-board the vehicle, and wherein at least one of said second set of sensors of the bracelet and bracelet data recording device are activated in order to compensate and guarantee operation of vehicle devices present on board the vehicle, the bracelet data recording device transmitting recorded data to the remote digital archive at predetermined intervals.

US Pat. No. 10,189,347

ENGAGING DEVICE FOR WHEEL AND WHEEL SET HAVING REMOVABLE POWER MODULE

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. An engaging device for a wheel, comprising:a wheel hub located in a center of a wheel, wherein the wheel hub has a plurality of engaging holes; and
a transmitting member having a plurality of grooves, wherein an elastic member is provided in each of the grooves in such a way that one end of each elastic member is connected to one of the grooves and the other end of each elastic member is connected to an engaging member, wherein
the shapes of the engaging members and the engaging holes correspond to each other, such that the engaging members fit into the engaging holes.

US Pat. No. 10,189,344

HYBRID VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A hybrid vehicle comprising:an internal combustion engine;
a first rotary electric machine;
a second rotary electric machine configured to output power to a drive wheel;
a power transmission unit including an input element and an output element, the input element being configured to receive power from the internal combustion engine, the output element being configured to output power input to the input element, and the power transmission unit being configured to switch between a non-neutral state where power is transmitted between the input element and the output element and a neutral state where power is not transmitted between the input element and the output element;
a differential unit including a first rotating element, a second rotating element and a third rotating element, the first rotating element being connected to the first rotary electric machine, the second rotating element being connected to the second rotary electric machine and the drive wheel, the third rotating element being connected to the output element, and the differential unit being configured such that, when rotation speeds of any two of the first rotating element, the second rotating element and the third rotating element are determined, a rotation speed of the remaining one of the first rotating element, the second rotating element and the third rotating element is determined;
a clutch configured to switch between an engaged state where power is transmitted from the internal combustion engine to the first rotary electric machine and a released state where transmission of power from the internal combustion engine to the first rotary electric machine is interrupted, power from the internal combustion engine being transmitted to the first rotary electric machine through at least one of a first path or a second path, the first path being a path through which power is transmitted from the internal combustion engine to the first rotary electric machine via the power transmission unit and the differential unit, and the second path being a path through which power is transmitted from the internal combustion engine to the first rotary electric machine, the second path being different from the first path and not including the differential unit, and the clutch being provided in the second path; and
a controller configured to control the internal combustion engine, the first rotary electric machine, the power transmission unit and the clutch, the controller being configured to: (i) set the power transmission unit to the neutral state, (ii) set the clutch to the engaged state, and (iii) then start the internal combustion engine by increasing a rotation speed of the internal combustion engine with the use of the first rotary electric machine.

US Pat. No. 10,189,282

PRINTER AND COMPUTER-READABLE STORAGE MEDIUM FOR EXECUTING MULTI-PASS PRINTING

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A printer comprising:a print executing unit including:
a conveying mechanism configured to convey a sheet in a conveying direction;
a print head having a plurality of nozzles arranged in the conveying direction, each of the plurality of nozzles being configured to eject an ink droplet to form a dot on the sheet; and
a main scanning mechanism configured to execute a main scan by moving the print head in a main scanning direction perpendicular to the conveying direction; and
a controller configured to control the print executing unit to perform a multi-pass printing for printing a target image on the sheet with a plurality of pass processes, the plurality of pass processes forming a plurality of partial images respectively, two partial images formed with successive two pass processes overlapping partially, wherein K-number of active nozzles consecutively arranged are selected from the plurality of nozzles for each of the plurality of pass processes, dot recording rates of the K-number of active nozzles decreasing at an upstream gradient from a nozzle having a maximum dot recording rate among the dot recording rates of the K-number of active nozzles toward a most-upstream nozzle of the K-number of active nozzles in the conveying direction, the dot recording rates of the K-number of active nozzles decreasing at a downstream gradient from a nozzle having the maximum dot recording rate toward a most-downstream nozzle of the K-number of active nozzles in the conveying direction,
wherein the controller is further configured to control the print executing unit to perform:
executing an (A)-print process in which the conveying mechanism conveys the sheet and a pass process is executed with KA number of active nozzles;
executing, before the (A)-print process is executed, a (B)-print process in which the conveying mechanism conveys the sheet and a pass process is executed with KB number of active nozzles, KB being smaller than KA; and
executing, after the (B)-print process is executed before the (A)-print process is executed, a (C)-print process in which the conveying mechanism conveys the sheet and at least two pass processes are executed with KC number of active nozzles, KC being greater than or equal to KB and smaller than KA,
wherein the (C)-print process includes:
a (C1)-pass process with KC1 number of active nozzles as the KC number of active nozzles, the upstream gradient of the dot recording rates of the KC1 number of active nozzles used in the (C1)-pass process being smaller than the upstream gradient of the dot recording rates of the KB number of active nozzles used in the (B)-print process, the downstream gradient of the dot recording rates of the KC1 number of active nozzles used in the (C1)-pass process being the same as the upstream gradient of the dot recording rates of the KB number of active nozzles used in the (B)-print process; and
a (C2)-pass process with KC2 number of active nozzles as the KC number of active nozzles, the (C2)-pass process being executed after the (C1) pass process, the upstream gradient of the dot recording rates of the KC2 number of active nozzles used in the (C2)-pass process being the same as the downstream gradient of the dot recording rates of the KA number of active nozzles used in the (A)-print process, the downstream gradient of the dot recording rates of the KC2 number of active nozzles used in the (C2)-pass process being smaller than the downstream gradient of the dot recording rates of the KB number of active nozzles used in the (B)-print process, KC1 being smaller than KC2.

US Pat. No. 10,189,278

HIGH-TURNAROUND, CLOSED-LOOP, DIRECT TO GARMENT PRINTING

1. A printing apparatus for direct-to-garment printing, comprising:a plurality of pallets movable along a closed-loop path, each pallet configured to secure a fabric substrate having a printable surface; and
a plurality of stations positioned along the closed-loop path, wherein each pallet stops at each station for a preset dwell time, and wherein the plurality of stations comprises:
an operator station configured for receiving and securing the fabric substrate onto one of the plurality of pallets to provide access to the printable surface of the fabric substrate;
one or more pretreatment stations configured for pretreating at least a portion of the printable surface of the fabric substrate with a pretreatment fluid;
one or more heating stations configured for heating and drying the pretreated printable surface of the fabric substrate; and
one or more printing stations configured for printing an image on the dried pretreated printable surface of the fabric substrate to form a printed fabric product.

US Pat. No. 10,189,273

HEAD UNIT HAVING NOZZLE CHIPS ARRANGED SIDE BY SIDE AND LIQUID JETTING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A head unit comprising:nozzle chips which are arranged side by side in a first direction, each of the nozzle chips having a jetting surface and nozzles aligned in a predetermined direction parallel to the jetting surface and crossing both of the first direction and a second direction orthogonal to the first direction;
a holder configured to hold the nozzle chips from a side opposite to the jetting surface of each of the nozzle chips; and
a fixing plate to which the nozzle chips are fixed and which is arranged on a side facing the jetting surface of each of the nozzle chips,
wherein the holder has first walls arranged in the second direction so as to sandwich the nozzle chips therebetween,
each of the first walls has first projections formed on a lower surface thereof facing the fixing plate, and
the first projections make contact with the fixing plate and
wherein two nozzle chips included in the nozzle chips are exposed from the holder in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,189,247

LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS AND LIQUID EJECTING SYSTEM

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A liquid ejecting apparatus comprising:a liquid ejecting section that ejects liquid in response to a drive signal;
a non-contact power transmission circuit that transmits power in a non-contact manner by using the first frequency band;
a drive signal generation circuit that generates the drive signal by using a second frequency band including a portion of the first frequency band, the second frequency band being different from the first frequency band; and
a case body that surrounds the drive signal generation circuit and the non-contract power transmission circuit and includes a first surface and a second surface that faces the first surface,
wherein the drive signal generation circuit is arranged at a position closer to the first surface than to the second surface, and
wherein the non-contact power transmission circuit is arranged at a position closer to the second surface than to the first surface.

US Pat. No. 10,188,799

AUTOINJECTOR

APTAR FRANCE SAS, Le Neu...

1. An autoinjector comprising a body that is adapted to receive a reservoir (S), said reservoir (S) containing fluid and including a piston (P) and a needle (A), said autoinjector further comprising an actuator sleeve that includes a contact end for coming into contact with a user's body, said actuator sleeve extending inside said body at least in part, and being movable relative to said body between projecting positions in which said actuator sleeve projects out from said body at least in part, and an actuated position in which said actuator sleeve is moved axially into said body, said actuator sleeve being in a first projecting position before actuation of the autoinjector, and in a second projecting position after actuation of the autoinjector; and wherein:said actuator sleeve, in said second projecting position, extends axially further out from said body than in said first projecting position, said actuator sleeve including an annular zone that, in said first projecting position, is arranged inside said body and that, in said second projecting position, is arranged outside said body, said annular zone including a visual indicator for indicating to the user that the autoinjector has been actuated;
and, axially adjacent to said annular zone, said actuator sleeve includes an outwardly-projecting radial shoulder, said shoulder projecting radially outwards relative to said visual indicator, thereby protecting said visual indicator against any contact with an inside surface of the body while the actuator sleeve is moving in said body, a bottom end of the actuator sleeve, that comes into contact with a zone in which injection takes place, comprising an outwardly-projecting radial shoulder that projects radially outwards relative to said visual indicator and that is distinct from the outwardly-projecting radial shoulder that is axially adjacent to said annular zone.

US Pat. No. 10,188,780

BLOOD OXYGENATOR

University of Maryland, B...

14. A method for oxygenating blood through a blood oxygenator, comprising:receiving a stream of blood through an inlet and directing said stream into a spiral volute defining an internal cavity, said internal cavity decreasing in width from a first end of said spiral volute to a second end of said spiral volute, and being configured to uniformly distribute blood to an outer surface of an oxygenator fiber bundle;
wherein the blood moves from said spiral volute through the oxygenator fiber bundle and into a central lumen and is oxygenated as it moves through the oxygenator fiber bundle and into the central lumen; and
discharging the blood through a blood outlet connected to said central lumen.

US Pat. No. 10,188,371

ULTRASOUND PHANTOM HAVING A CURVED SURFACE

Wisconsin Alumni Research...

1. An ultrasound phantom comprising:a container including a top surface, a bottom surface opposite the top surface, and a wall mounted between the top surface and the bottom surface to form the container;
a boundary formed within the container and configured to hold a tissue mimicking material; and
a curved scanning surface formed in the top surface to extend downwards from the top surface in a direction towards an interior of the container, wherein the curved scanning surface is shaped to support translation perpendicular to an image plane of an application end of an ultrasound transducer along at least a portion of an axis extending between a first location on the curved scanning surface and a second location on the curved scanning surface.