US Pat. No. 10,484,219

TONE-PHASE-SHIFT KEYING: A NEW MODULATION SCHEME FOR SC-FDMA

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication, comprising:receiving a data transmission from a user equipment (UE);
detecting a subset of tones having maximal energy of an allocated set of tones in a symbol; and
demodulating each tone of the subset of tones to determine data based on a first constellation point and a mapping, wherein the mapping maps pairs of data values with a largest Hamming distance from each other to pairs of constellation points with a maximum Euclidean distance from each other,
wherein the set of tones includes D tones, wherein the demodulating comprises demodulating using m-ary phase shift keying (MPSK) having M possible signal phases where k bits of data are modulated onto the subset of tones, and the mapping is between 2k possible data values and 2k constellation points of D*M constellation points, wherein D is a positive integer greater than 1, k is a positive non-zero integer, and M is a non-zero real number.

US Pat. No. 10,484,213

DC OFFSET CANCELLATION AND CROSSPOINT CONTROL CIRCUIT

Finisar Corporation, Sun...

1. An amplifier circuit, comprising:a differential amplifier circuit configured to amplify differential input signals into differential output signals; and
a feedback circuit coupled between the differential output signals and the differential input signals and configured to generate a programmably adjustable crosspoint offset in the differential output signals and a programmably adjustable cutoff frequency of the feedback circuit, wherein the feedback circuit includes an offset frequency adjustment circuit configured to adjust the programmably adjustable cutoff frequency, and the offset frequency adjustment circuit includes a resistance control circuit configured to control active devices generating a variable filter resistance.

US Pat. No. 10,484,206

PATH DETECTION METHOD IN VXLAN, CONTROLLER, AND NETWORK DEVICE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A path detection method implemented by a controller in a virtual extensible local area network (VxLAN), the path detection method comprising:constructing a detection packet according to a detection request from a user, the detection packet comprising an identifier indicating a path detection service, an endpoint identifier of a source VxLAN tunnel endpoint (VTEP), an endpoint identifier of a destination VTEP, a source port value, a path detection type, and an Internet Protocol (IP) address of a first network device corresponding to the endpoint identifier of the source VTEP;
sending the detection packet to the first network device;
receiving, from the first network device, a first reporting message comprising the detection packet, the IP address of the first network device, a hop count, and outbound and inbound interface numbers of the first network device;
receiving reporting messages from all levels of network devices from the source VTEP to the destination VTEP, the reporting messages comprising the first reporting message and a second reporting message from a second network device corresponding to the endpoint identifier of the destination VTEP;
screening out, according to the reporting messages from all levels of network devices, one pair of outbound interface number and inbound interface number from a plurality of reporting messages comprising a same IP address and a same hop count, wherein hop counts in the reporting messages from all levels of network devices progressively and sequentially decrease from the first network device to the second network device;
sorting, according to the hop counts in the reporting messages from all levels of network devices, all groups obtained after screening and that are of IP addresses, outbound interface numbers, and inbound interface numbers;
obtaining a network path according to all groups obtained after screening and sorting and that are of IP addresses, outbound interface numbers, and inbound interface numbers; and
providing the network path to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,484,204

DATA PROCESSING METHOD AND APPARATUS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A data processing method, comprising:receiving, by a first virtualized network function component (VNFC), a first data packet and a flow label of the first data packet that are sent by a second VNFC, wherein the flow label is generated by the second VNFC according to flow information of the first data packet or is received by the second VNFC from a third VNFC;
selecting, by the first VNFC according to the flow label, a first processing node configured to process the first data packet, wherein the first processing node is a processing node in the first VNFC;
processing the first data packet by using the first processing node to obtain a second data packet;
determining that a granularity of flow information of the second data packet is finer than a granularity of the flow information for generating the flow label; and
generating a new flow label according to the flow information of the second data packet.

US Pat. No. 10,484,203

METHOD FOR IMPLEMENTING COMMUNICATION BETWEEN NVO3 NETWORK AND MPLS NETWORK, AND APPARATUS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A method for implementing communication, comprising:obtaining, by a device, an identifier of a provider edge (PE) device and a multiprotocol label switching (MPLS) label;
allocating, by the device, an Internet protocol (IP) address for the MPLS label;
storing, by the device, a correspondence between the MPLS label and the allocated IP address;
sending, by the device, routing information to a network virtualization edge (NVE), wherein the routing information comprises the identifier of the PE device and the allocated IP address;
receiving, by the device, a packet from the PE device, wherein an inner label of the received packet is a virtual network identifier (VN ID), and an outer label of the received packet is an MPLS label allocated for the identifier of the NVE;
generating, by the device, an encapsulated packet based on a correspondence between the identifier of the NVE and the MPLS label allocated for the identifier of the NVE, wherein an outer destination address of the generated encapsulated packet is the IP address of the NVE; and
sending, by the device, the generated encapsulated packet to the NVE.

US Pat. No. 10,484,199

REDUNDANTLY OPERABLE INDUSTRIAL COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, METHOD FOR OPERATING THE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, AND RADIO TRANSCEIVER STATION

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A redundantly operable industrial communication system, comprising:at least a first communication device and a second communication device which are redundantly connected to an industrial communication network, the at first and second communication devices each including:
at least a first communication network connection and a second communication network connection;
a signal processing unit which is connected to the first and second communication network connections and which includes a multiplexer unit for forwarding data frames to be transmitted to the first and second communication network connections in a parallel manner and which includes a redundancy handling unit for processing data frames received from the first and second communication network connections, the redundancy handling unit comprising a filter unit which is configured to detect received redundant data frames;
at least a first network infrastructure device and a second network infrastructure device which are assigned to the industrial communication network, the first and second network infrastructure devices each including:
a plurality of communication network connections; and
a coupling element which interconnects the communication network connections;
wherein the first communication device is redundantly connected to the first network infrastructure device via its first and second communication network connections;
wherein the second communication device is redundantly connected to the second network infrastructure device via its first and second communication network connections;
wherein at least one of (i) the first and second communication devices and (ii) the first and second network infrastructure devices are configured such that data frames transmitted from the first communication network connection of the first and second communication devices to a respective network infrastructure device are assigned to a first virtual local area network and data frames transmitted from the second communication network connection of the first and second communication devices to the respective network infrastructure device are assigned to a second virtual local area network;
wherein at least a first radio transceiver station and a second radio transceiver station are respectively connected to the first and second network infrastructure devices;
wherein at least one of (i) the radio transceiver stations and (ii) the network infrastructure devices are configured such that data frames assigned to the first virtual local area network are transmitted over a first radio network via the respective first radio transceiver station and data frames assigned to the second virtual local area network are transmitted over a second radio network via the respective second radio transceiver station;
wherein the first and second radio transceiver stations are configured, via coordinated transmission queue management, such that the first and second radio transceiver stations connected to the same network infrastructure device coordinate their orders for data frames to be transmitted such that the first and second radio transceiver stations never transmit data frames to the same destination media access control (MAC) address at the same time.

US Pat. No. 10,484,193

EMBMS SESSION SUSPEND/STOP NOTIFICATION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication by a user equipment (UE), comprising:receiving a service through a multimedia broadcast multicast service (MBMS) session;
receiving a first notification of an upcoming suspension of the MBMS session;
requesting establishment of a unicast bearer prior to the upcoming suspension of the MBMS session upon receiving the first notification;
determining the MBMS session to be suspended based on a logical channel identifier (LCID) of a set of LCID received in a multicast channel scheduling information (MSI) of the first notification, wherein the LCID of the set of LCIDs is associated with a corresponding multicast traffic channel (MTCH) that corresponds to the MBMS session to be suspended, wherein the first notification in the MSI includes the LCID associated with the corresponding MTCH and a suspension indicator associated with the LCID that is associated with the corresponding MTCH, wherein the suspension indicator indicates an expected time of the upcoming suspension, the expected time being based on one or a multiple of a multicast channel scheduling period (MSP); and
establishing a unicast bearer; and
receiving a corresponding unicast version of the service of the MBMS session via unicast when the unicast bearer is established.

US Pat. No. 10,484,192

COMMUNICATION METHOD USING MULTI-RADIO AND COMMUNICATION APPARATUS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A communication method executed by a head node of a first group, the method comprising:receiving, from each of a plurality of nodes forming the first group with the head node, a channel report frame including respective intensity information of a corresponding signal, the corresponding signal being received respectively by two or more nodes of the plurality of nodes in the first group directly from a neighbor head node of a different second group;
selecting one of the plurality of nodes to be a communication partner based on two or more of the received respective intensity information of the corresponding signal received directly from the neighbor head node of the different second group;
transmitting a data frame to the selected node; and
transmitting, to the selected node, an acknowledgement (ACK) request frame which requests an ACK indicating whether the data frame is received.

US Pat. No. 10,484,187

CELLULAR NETWORK AUTHENTICATION

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. A method in a cellular terminal, the method comprising:transmitting a request requiring authentication procedure triggering to a mobility management entity of a cellular network;
receiving from the mobility management entity of the cellular network an authentication request message with an indication of a cryptographic algorithm selected from a group of a plurality of cryptographic algorithms provided to the mobility management entity by a home subscriber server;
decoding the authentication request message to obtain a decoded authentication request according to the selected cryptographic algorithm and based on a shared secret known by the cellular terminal and a network operator of the cellular terminal;
based on the decoded authentication request, the shared secret and the selected cryptographic algorithm, producing and encrypting an authentication response message;
transmitting the authentication response message to the mobility management entity of the cellular network, the authentication response message including a cryptography algorithm indication;
receiving a security mode completion message from the mobility management entity of the cellular network; and
sending a security mode complete reply to the mobility management entity of the cellular network to complete a registration process,
wherein the cryptographic algorithms are selected from a group consisting of MILENAGE; 128 bit TUAK; and 256 bit TUAK,
wherein the authentication request message is an extended authentication request message, and
wherein the extended authentication request message comprises an authentication token that comprises 128 bits, 192 bits, 256 bits or 320 bits.

US Pat. No. 10,484,185

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DISTRIBUTING ATTESTATION KEY AND CERTIFICATE IN TRUSTED COMPUTING

Alibaba Group Holding Lim...

1. A computer-implemented method for secure attestation, the method comprising:receiving, by a trusted module associated with a root of trust of a trusted platform, a request for an attestation key from an application module configured to run an application on the trusted platform, wherein the request comprises a first random number generated by the application module and an application-identifier associated with the application;
computing an attestation public/private key pair by performing an encryption operation based on a combination of the first random number generated by the application module, a second random number generated by the trusted module, and the application-identifier;
computing identity information of the trusted module based on a unique identifier of the trusted module and the public key of the attestation public/private key pair; and
transmitting, by the trusted module, the public key of the attestation public/private key pair and the identity information of the trusted module to the application module, thereby enabling the application module to verify the public key of the attestation public/private key pair based on the identity information of the trusted module.

US Pat. No. 10,484,184

VEHICLE SYSTEM AND AUTHENTICATION METHOD

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle system comprising a master Electronic Control Unit (ECU) and a general ECU,the master ECU being provided with, by a management device different from the master ECU and the general ECU:
a private key of the master ECU; and
an electronic certificate of the general ECU which includes a public key of the general ECU and specified data related to an execution program stored in the general ECU; and
the general ECU being provided with, by the management device:
a private key of the general ECU; and
an electronic certificate of the master ECU which includes a public key of the master ECU and specified data related to an execution program stored in the master ECU, wherein:
the general ECU is configured to:
attach a first digital signature using the private key of the general ECU to first transmission data including generated specified data of the general ECU, and
transmit the first transmission data to the master ECU;
the master ECU is configured to:
verify, using the electronic certificate of the general ECU, the first transmission data attached with the first digital signature and transmitted from the general ECU,
verify whether the generated specified data included in the first transmission data matches the specified data included in the electronic certificate of the general ECU,
when the generated specified data included in the first transmission data matches the specified data included in the electronic certificate of the general ECU, determine that the general ECU and the execution program stored in the general ECU are valid,
attach a second digital signature using the private key of the master ECU to second transmission data including generated specified data of the master ECU and a session key, and
transmit the second transmission data to the general ECU; and
the general ECU is configured to:
verify, using the electronic certificate of the master ECU, the second transmission data attached with the second digital signature and transmitted from the master ECU,
verify whether the generated specified data included in the second transmission data matches the specified data included in the electronic certificate of the master ECU,
when the generated specified data included in the second transmission data matches the specified data included in the electronic certificate of the master ECU, determine that the master ECU and the execution program stored in the master ECU are valid, and
use the session key included in the second transmission data as a common key when performing subsequent communications.

US Pat. No. 10,484,182

ENCRYPTED TEXT VERIFICATION SYSTEM, METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

NEC CORPORATION, Minato-...

1. An encrypted text verification system, comprising: a registration data generation device; a storage device; a data verifying request device; and a data verifying determination device,wherein the registration data generation device includes:
a key generation circuitry configured to generate a secret key and a verification key from a security parameter;
an encryption circuitry configured to calculate encrypted data by encrypting input data to be concealed by using the secret key; and
a registration data generation circuitry configured to generate registration data based on the encrypted data and the verification key;
wherein the storage device is configured to store the registration data generated by the registration data generation device as a registration template in a storage circuitry together with an identifier for uniquely identifying the registration data;
wherein the data verifying request device includes a data verifying request generation circuitry configured to generate a data verifying request in which input data to be verified has been encrypted by using a random number;
wherein the data verifying determination device includes:
a registration data reception circuitry configured to receive the registration template stored in the storage device;
a data verifying request reception circuitry configured to receive the data verifying request from the data verifying request device;
a data verifying determination circuitry configured to verify the registration template stored in the storage circuitry and the data verifying request to produce a determined result; and
a verified result generation circuitry configured to produce a verified result including a part or all of the registration template corresponding to the determined result,
wherein the data verifying request device further includes:
a verified result reception circuitry configured to receive the verified result from the data verifying determining device; and
a data restoration circuitry configured to restore data based on the verified result to produce a restored result.

US Pat. No. 10,484,177

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR GENERATION OF A TIME-BASED ONE-TIME PASSWORD FOR SESSION ENCRYPTION OF SENSOR DATA GATHERED IN LOW-PERFORMANCE AND IOT ENVIRONMENTS

Dell Products, LP, Round...

1. An information handling system of an internet of things sensor device comprising:a sensor;
a network interface adapter to:
receive one or more first remotely generated random-string numbers from a provisioning server for generation of a first time limited, one-time use password generated by a one-time password algorithm;
wherein the first remotely generated random-string numbers are also transmitted to an internet of things sensor hub in communication with the internet of things sensor device; and
transmit a first encrypted sensor data record to the internet of things sensor hub;
a processor executing code instructions to:
generate the first time limited, one-time use password using the received one or more first remotely generated random-string numbers;
generate a first session key by mapping the first time limited, one-time use password to data of a fixed size according to a first preset function;
gather sensor data from the sensor and store the sensor data in a sensor data record in a memory; and
generate the first encrypted sensor data record for transmission to the internet of things sensor hub by encrypting the sensor data record using the first session key.

US Pat. No. 10,484,176

MULTIPLY-ENCRYPTING DATA REQUIRING MULTIPLE KEYS FOR DECRYPTION

CLOUDFLARE, INC., San Fr...

1. A method executed on a server, comprising:receiving a request to encrypt a piece of data;
encrypting the piece of data such that no single key can decrypt the encrypted piece of data and any unique combination of a first plurality of unique keys taken a first number at a time are capable of decrypting the encrypted piece of data, wherein the first number is greater than one, wherein each one of the first plurality of unique keys is tied to account credentials of a particular user of a plurality of users respectively, and wherein the first number is less than or equal to the first plurality;
returning the encrypted piece of data;
receiving, at the server, account credentials of at least a second number of the plurality of users equivalent to the first number;
receiving, at the server, a delegation submission from at least the second number of the plurality of users that allows use of the account credentials of the at least the second number of plurality of users respectively for a limited number of decryptions or a limited amount of time;
receiving a request to decrypt the encrypted piece of data;
decrypting, for each particular one of at least the second number of the plurality of users equivalent to the first number, the one of the first plurality of unique keys that correspond to that particular one of the at least the second number of the plurality of users;
decrypting the encrypted piece of data using the decrypted ones of the first plurality of unique keys; and
returning the decrypted piece of data.

US Pat. No. 10,484,175

AUTHENTICATING A MOBILE DEVICE TO A DIGITAL SIGNAGE DEVICE

Adobe Inc., San Jose, CA...

1. In a digital medium environment to authenticate a computing device to a digital signage device, a method implemented by the digital signage device, the method comprising:receiving an authentication request from the computing device to authenticate the computing device to the digital signage device;
sending the authentication request to a server;
receiving a challenge including a random number and a token from the server;
sending the random number in the challenge to the computing device;
receiving a resolution from the computing device based on the random number and a factorization that includes a first prime factor and a second prime factor, the resolution not disclosing the factorization and proving the factorization is known to the computing device; and
sending the resolution and the token to the server to authenticate the computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,484,173

X-ONLY GENERIC MAPPING FUNCTION FOR PACE PROTOCOL

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A method of calculating an x-coordinate (xM) of a point mapping in an elliptic curve Diffie-Hellman key exchange protocol (EC-DHKE) between two parties, wherein the point mapping is defined as sG+H, where sG is a point (xs,ys) on an elliptic curve and H is a point (xH,yH) on the elliptic curve, comprising:computing V=ys2 based upon the elliptic curve and xs;
computing W=yH2 based upon the elliptic curve and xH;
computing U=sqrt(W·V) mod p, where p is a large prime number, wherein sqrt stands for square root;
choosing U?=U or U?=p?U such that U? is based upon a characteristic agreed upon by the parties to the EC-DHKE;
computing xM based upon V, W, U?, xs, xH, and p, wherein the method allows elliptic curve Diffie-Hellmann key exchange for an x-coordinate only implementation in order to establish a connection between the two parties.

US Pat. No. 10,484,172

SECURE CIRCUIT FOR ENCRYPTION KEY GENERATION

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A non-transitory computer readable medium having program instructions stored therein, wherein the program instructions are executable by a computing device to cause the computing device to perform operations comprising:presenting a login screen on a display of the computing device, wherein the login screen includes a prompt for a user password;
issuing a request to a secure circuit in a mobile device, wherein the request is for the secure circuit to generate a digital signature by using a private key in the secure circuit to sign a challenge included in the request to authenticate a user of the mobile device;
verifying a response received from the secure circuit, wherein the response includes the digital signature corresponding to the signed challenge; and
enabling functionality of the computing device in response to the verifying, wherein the enabling includes removing the login screen and allowing the user to access the computing device without the user entering the user password.

US Pat. No. 10,484,166

RECEIVER

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A receiver comprising:an A/D converter that performs an analog digital conversion to an input signal;
an equalizer that equalizes an output of the A/D converter, eliminates an inter-code interference and obtains a data output;
a timing recovery part that generates a recovery clock by using the data output of the equalizer;
a detector that detects a timing when the input signal varies from a non-signal state and has reached a predetermined threshold; and
an initial phase setting part that sets as an initial phase of the recovery clock from the timing recovery part, a timing when a predetermined time has elapsed after the timing detected by the detector, wherein:
the timing recovery part includes a phase lock loop that outputs a reference clock and a divider that divides the reference clock of the phase lock loop; and
when the recovery clock is generated, the phase lock loop outputs the reference clock, with the initial phase of the recovery clock set by the initial phase setting part as a start, the divider starts to divide the frequency of the reference clock, generates dual-phase clocks and generates the recovery clock corresponding to the dual-phase clocks, and wherein
the detector includes a comparator arranged in parallel with the A/D converter;
the detector detects the timing that has reached the threshold by the comparator and obtains a output signal; and
the initial phase setting part includes a delay circuit that delays outputs the output signal to the timing recovery part with a delay of the output signal of the comparator for a predetermined time, and obtains the initial phase of the recovery clock.

US Pat. No. 10,484,161

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING DECODING

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of determining a downlink control indicator (DCI) at a receiver, the method comprising:receiving a signal at the receiver from a transmitter;
measuring, by the receiver, channel quality based on the received signal;
if a measurement of the channel quality is not a configuration condition based on having a value less than a threshold value, decoding, by the receiver, signals of each of physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) areas, in the received signal, indicated by configurable values of a channel format indicator (CFI);
if the measurement of the channel quality is the configuration condition based on having a value greater than or equal to a threshold value, obtaining, by the receiver, a value of the CFI by decoding a physical control format indicator channel (PCFICH) of the received signal, and decoding, by the receiver, signals of a PDCCH area indicated by the obtained value of the CFI; and
determining, by the receiver, the DCI based on the decoded signals.

US Pat. No. 10,484,150

CONTINUOUS RETRANSMISSION IN WI-FI SYSTEMS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a processing element configured to cause a wireless device to:
receive a first transmission of a data frame according to a wireless communication technology;
determine that the first transmission is a new transmission based at least in part on receiving the first transmission at least a minimum interframe interval after a previous transmission, wherein the minimum interframe interval is a minimum interframe interval for contending for medium access for new transmissions according to the wireless communication technology;
attempt to decode the data frame;
determine that the attempt to decode the data frame is unsuccessful; and
based at least in part on determining that the attempt to decode the data frame is unsuccessful, receive a retransmission of the data frame at a retransmission interval after the first transmission of the data frame, wherein the retransmission interval is less than a minimum interframe interval for contending for medium access for new transmissions according to the wireless communication technology, and wherein the retransmission interval has a duration equal to a point coordination function (PCF) interframe space (PIFS);
determine that the retransmission of the data frame is a retransmission of the data frame based at least in part on receiving the retransmission of the data frame at the retransmission interval that is after the first transmission of the data frame and equal to the PIFS and further based at least in part on recipient address information comprised in the data frame; and
perform receive combining of the first transmission of the data frame and the retransmission of the data frame based at least in part on determining that the retransmission of the data frame is a retransmission of the data frame.

US Pat. No. 10,484,141

TRANSMISSION OF CONTROL CHANNEL AND DATA CHANNELS FOR COVERAGE ENHANCEMENTS

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for a UE to transmit a physical uplink control channel (PUCCH) comprising:receiving a configuration for a number of time units for a PUCCH transmission; and
transmitting the PUCCH over the number of time units, wherein:
when the number of time units is one, the PUCCH transmission is in two different frequency resource blocks (RBs) over two respective sets of symbols within a time unit wherein a second set of symbols is after a first set of symbols; and
when the number of time units is larger than one, the PUCCH transmission is only in a first RB within a first time unit and only in a second RB within a second time unit wherein the first and second RBs are different.

US Pat. No. 10,484,140

PACKET RETRANSMISSION AND MEMORY SHARING

TQ DELTA, LLC, Austin, T...

1. A method of packet retransmission comprising:transmitting or receiving, by a transceiver, a plurality of packets;
determining, by a processor, a memory allocation between a retransmission function and one or more of an interleaving and a deinterleaving function, wherein the memory allocation is based on at least one communication parameter; and
identifying, by the processor, at least one packet of the plurality of packets as a packet that should not be retransmitted.

US Pat. No. 10,484,135

MITIGATION OF BURSTY INTERFERENCE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication, comprising:receiving, by a base station, a plurality of data bits;
generating, by the base station, one or more code blocks, each of the one or more code blocks including one or more information bits and one or more parity bits, wherein for each code block the one or more information bits are generated based, at least in part, on data bits in the received plurality of data bits, and wherein for each code block the one or more parity bits are generated based, at least in part, on the one or more information bits of the code block;
generating, by the base station, one or more parity check code blocks, each of the one or more parity check code blocks including one or more information bits, wherein for each parity check code block the one or more information bits correspond to information bits of the one or more code blocks, and wherein each information bit of a parity check code block corresponds to a different set of information bits of the one or more code blocks; and
transmitting, by the base station, each of the one or more code blocks and the one or more parity check code blocks to a mobile device, wherein the one or more code blocks and the one or more parity check code blocks are decoded, by the mobile device, to determine a number of decoded code blocks that have errors and a number of decoded parity check code blocks that do not have errors, and wherein the errors in the decoded code blocks determined to have errors are corrected, by the mobile device, based, at least in part, on the decoded parity check code blocks determined to not have errors.

US Pat. No. 10,484,134

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CHANNEL ENCODING/DECODING IN COMMUNICATION OR BROADCASTING SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An apparatus for channel encoding in a communication or broadcasting system, the apparatus comprising:a transceiver; and
at least one processor coupled with the transceiver and configured to:
identify a block size, and
perform an encoding procedure based on a first matrix corresponding to the block size,
wherein the first matrix is identified based on a base matrix, and
wherein a column index indicating a position of corresponds to a non-zero element in each row of the base matrix, and the base matrix has following values as column indices,
{0 1 2 3 5 6 9 10 11 12 13 15 16 18 19 20 21 22 23}
{0 2 3 4 5 7 8 9 11 12 14 15 16 17 19 21 22 23 24}
{0 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 13 14 15 17 18 19 20 24 25}
{0 1 3 4 6 7 8 10 11 12 13 14 16 17 18 20 21 22 25}
{0 1 26}
{0 1 3 12 16 21 22 27}
{0 6 10 11 13 17 18 20 28}
{0 1 4 7 8 14 29}
{0 1 3 12 16 19 21 22 24 30}
{0 1 10 11 13 17 18 20 31}
{1 2 4 7 8 14 32}
{0 1 12 16 21 22 23 33}
{0 1 10 11 13 18 34}
{0 3 7 20 23 35}
{0 12 15 16 17 21 36}
{0 1 10 13 18 25 37}
{1 3 11 20 22 38}
{0 14 16 17 21 39}
{1 12 13 18 19 40}
{0 1 7 8 10 41}
{0 3 9 11 22 42}
{1 5 16 20 21 43}
{0 12 13 17 44}
{1 2 10 18 45}
{0 3 4 11 22 46}.

US Pat. No. 10,484,131

COMMUNICATIONS WITH CONDITIONAL CHAIN DECODING

CIENA CORPORATION, Hanov...

1. A method performed at a transmitter for communicating client data bits over a communications channel to a receiver, the client data bits comprising first client data bits and second client data bits, each first client data bit and each second client data bit having a substantially equal probability of being zero and being one, the method comprising:processing the first client data bits to generate processed values, wherein each processed value has a substantially higher probability of being one or more first elements than of being one or more second elements;
applying first forward error correction ‘FEC’ encoding to the processed values to generate first FEC-encoded values consisting of FEC-encoded processed values and redundant values;
applying second FEC encoding to at least the second client data bits to generate second FEC-encoded values;
creating symbols by mapping the second FEC-encoded values to one or more first positions in the symbols and by mapping the FEC-encoded processed values to one or more second positions in the symbols; and
modulating the symbols onto the communications channel using a modulation scheme with a code that assigns a lower average energy to symbols containing the one or more first elements in the one or more second positions than to symbols containing the one or more second elements in the one or more second positions.

US Pat. No. 10,484,127

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRANCEIVING COMMON CONTROL MESSAGE IN WIRELESS ACCESS SYSTEM SUPPORTING NARROW BAND INTERNET OF THINGS

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting a common control message in a wireless access system supporting Narrow Band Internet of Things (NB-IoT), the method comprising:allocating a bandwidth for the NB-IoT; and
transmitting the common control message in the allocated bandwidth,
wherein the bandwidth for the NB-IoT is allocated to be aligned with a boundary of a Physical Resource Block (PRB) used in a legacy system,
wherein a PRB which minimizes an offset between a center frequency of the bandwidth for the NB-IoT and a center frequency of the PRB used in the legacy system is allocated as the bandwidth for the NB-IoT, in consideration of a bandwidth of the legacy system,
wherein the offset has a non-zero value, and the center frequency of the bandwidth for the NB-IoT is not equal to the center frequency of the PRB used in the legacy system, and
wherein the PRB allocated as the bandwidth for the NB-IoT is not used as a Distributed Virtual Resource Block (DVRB) in the legacy system.

US Pat. No. 10,484,123

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DISTRIBUTED COMPENSATION OF NARROW OPTICAL FILTERING EFFECTS IN AN OPTICAL NETWORK

1. A method comprising:receiving an optical signal at an optical equalizer;
equalizing a spectral shape of a signal of each channel of the optical signal by adjusting a frequency strength of each channel based on optical filtering effects caused by a first wavelength selective switch to mitigate the optical filtering effects and reduce noise degradation of the optical equalizer, the equalizing producing an equalized optical signal; and
transmitting the equalized optical signal to a sole input of the first wavelength selective switch.

US Pat. No. 10,484,116

APPARATUS FOR CONVERTING BROADCAST SIGNAL AND METHOD FOR USING THE SAME

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. An apparatus for converting a terrestrial broadcast signal into a cable broadcast signal, comprising:a demultiplexer unit for receiving the terrestrial broadcast signal and generating a terrestrial signaling signal based on the terrestrial broadcast signal;
a signaling conversion unit for converting the terrestrial signaling signal into a cable signaling signal by parsing the terrestrial signaling signal;
a cable multiplexer unit for generating the cable broadcast signal by multiplexing the cable signaling signal and a cable broadcast media signal; and
a cable modulation unit for modulating the cable broadcast signal and transmitting the modulated cable broadcast signal over a cable network,
wherein the signaling conversion unit acquires information about a position of a Service-Layer Signaling (SLS) signal by parsing a Low-Level Signaling (LLS) signal of the terrestrial signaling signal,
wherein the signaling conversion unit acquires the SLS signal from the demultiplexer unit using the information about the position of the SLS signal, parses the acquired SLS signal, and delivers information acquired by parsing the SLS signal to the demultiplexer unit,
wherein the demultiplexer unit generates a terrestrial broadcast media signal based on the information acquired by parsing the SLS signal, and
wherein the apparatus further comprises a media conversion unit for converting the terrestrial broadcast media signal into the cable broadcast media signal by changing a format of the terrestrial broadcast media signal.

US Pat. No. 10,484,113

TRANSMISSION RATE SELECTION IN MOBILE APPLICATIONS

FLUIDMESH NETWORKS S.R.L....

1. In a wireless communication system, a method of selecting an instance from among a set of instances of a plurality of transmission parameters for transmitting a packet from a transmitting node to a first receiving node of a plurality of wireless nodes, the plurality of transmission parameters including a data transmission rate, the method comprising the following steps performed by the transmitting node:obtaining an updated predictive Received Signal Quality Indicator value reflecting signal quality expected to be experienced by the first receiving node on the packet received from the transmitting node,
obtaining a best instance from among the set of instances of the plurality of transmission parameters, in correspondence of a Received Signal Quality Indicator sub-range, among contiguous non-overlapping sub-ranges of a predefined range of Received Signal Quality Indicator values, that includes the obtained updated predictive Received Signal Quality Indicator value, and
transmitting the packet from the transmitting node to the first receiving node by using the obtained best instance,wherein,the transmitting node maintains a first table associated with the first receiving node wherein, for each Received Signal Quality Indicator sub-range and for each instance, the first table comprises packet transmission feedbacks received by the transmitting node from the first receiving node for a last packet transmitted from the transmitting node to the first receiving node by using the instance, and for which the first receiving node experienced an actual Received Signal Quality Indicator value, which is included in the Received Signal Quality Indicator sub-range,
the best instance is determined by the transmitting node for each Received Signal Quality Indicator sub-range, based on the packet transmission feedbacks stored in the first table in correspondence of the Received Signal Quality Indicator sub-range,
the first table is updated using a first table update procedure when a feedback packet, comprising the transmission feedbacks, is received by the transmitting node from the first receiving node after a packet is sent from the transmitting node to the first receiving node, and
the transmitting node periodically performs a test procedure wherein, instead of using the best instance, the packet is transmitted by the transmitting node to the first receiving node by using a test instance selected among the set of instances for the Received Signal Quality Indicator sub-range that includes the obtained updated predictive Received Signal Quality Indicator value.

US Pat. No. 10,484,103

TRANSCEIVER FOR COMMUNICATION AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING COMMUNICATION

Cypress Semiconductor Cor...

1. A clock extension peripheral interface (CXPI) communication system, comprising:a master circuit including a first transceiver, wherein the first transceiver is configured to generate a signal by modulating a timing signal;
a communication bus; and
a slave circuit including a second transceiver, wherein the second transceiver further includes;
a first timing module configured to determine a first time based on a timing at which the signal received through the communication bus from the master circuit is detected to have started rising from a low level to a high level;
a timing adjustment module configured to determine a second time based on the first time and a predetermined time difference value; and
an encoder configured to extend a length of time of a combined signal on the communication bus is at the low level by pulling a data signal to be output to the master circuit through the communication bus from the high level to the low level at the second time.

US Pat. No. 10,484,102

SIGNALING MECHANISM TO ENABLE LOCAL OPERATION FOR MULTI-ANTENNA WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication by a device, comprising:receiving, from a base station, a self-calibration notification indicating a self-calibration to be performed by the base station and one or more resources allocated for [the self-calibration of the base station; and
performing, by the device, in response to the self-calibration notification, at least one of deactivating at least one component of the device based on the one or more allocated resources or adjusting utilization of the one or more allocated resources allocated for the self-calibration of the base station,
wherein the deactivating one component of the device or adjusting utilization of the one or more allocated resources reduces interference with a reference signal transmitted during the self-calibration of the base station.

US Pat. No. 10,484,094

OPTICAL SIGNAL TRANSMISSION SYSTEM, A METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING A PLURALITY OF OPTICAL SIGNALS, AND A METHOD FOR MAKING A PHOTONIC DEVICE

Macquarie University, No...

1. An optical signal transmission system comprising:a multimode optical fiber link for transmission of a plurality of optical signals in a plurality of spatial modes supported by the multimode optical fiber link; and
a spatial mode add drop multiplexer comprising a multimode optical fiber input optically coupled to the multimode optical fiber link, a multimode optical fiber output optically coupled to the multimode optical fiber link, and a glass photonic chip comprising a waveguide network comprising a multimode waveguide input at which the multimode optical fiber input in optically coupled and a multimode waveguide output at which the multimode fiber output is optically coupled, wherein the spatial mode add drop multiplexer is configured for at least one of coupling into the multimode optical fiber link an optical signal of the plurality of optical signals into a spatial mode of the plurality of spatial modes and selectively coupling out of the multimode optical fiber link the optical signal of the spatial mode.

US Pat. No. 10,484,066

BEAM MANAGEMENT USING SYNCHRONIZATION SIGNALS THROUGH CHANNEL FEEDBACK FRAMEWORK

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication at a user equipment (UE), comprising:identifying a first feedback resource set and a first reporting configuration according to a channel state information (CSI) framework that indicates a plurality of synchronization signal (SS) blocks of an SS burst transmitted by a base station using a first set of transmission beams;
performing first channel measurements for the plurality of SS blocks;
reporting, to the base station, a first resource indicator for at least one of the plurality of SS blocks based at least in part on the first channel measurements;
obtaining a second feedback resource set and a second reporting configuration according to the CSI framework, wherein the second feedback resource set and the second reporting configuration identify a set of resources associated with a CSI reference signal (CSI-RS) transmitted by the base station using a second set of transmission beams;
performing second channel measurements for the CSI-RS; and
reporting according to the second reporting configuration, to the base station based at least in part on the second channel measurements, at least one channel metric for at least one of the set of resources associated with the CSI-RS and a second resource indicator of the at least one of the set of resources.

US Pat. No. 10,484,063

TRANSMISSION OF BEAMFORMING WEIGHT COEFFICIENTS FROM DIGITAL BASEBAND UNIT TO REMOTE RADIO UNIT

1. A baseband unit device, comprising:a processor; and
a memory that stores executable instructions that, when executed by the processor, facilitate performance of operations, comprising:
determining a group of beamforming coefficients for a stream of data, wherein the group of beamforming coefficients comprises respective subgroups of beamforming coefficients associated with respective antenna ports of a group of antenna ports;
selecting a portion of the subgroups of beamforming coefficients to add to a reduced size group of beamforming coefficients; and
transmitting the reduced size group of beamforming coefficients to a remote radio unit device to facilitate digital beamforming of a transmission to occur at the remote radio unit device.

US Pat. No. 10,484,062

TRANSMIT BEAMFORMING

INTEL IP CORPORATION, Sa...

1. An apparatus of a network entity capable to establish a communication connection with a user equipment (UE), the network entity comprising processing circuitry to:transmit a primary synchronization signal (xPSS) and a beamforming reference signal (xBRS) using transmit beamforming sweeping;
receive, from the UE, an identifier associated with one or more beamforming patterns for a downlink signal;
receive, from the UE, an uplink transmission of a first physical random access channel (PRACH) transmitted using beamforming sweeping;
identify at least one beamforming pattern in the uplink transmission of the physical random access channel;
transmit to the UE a signal comprising an identifier associated with the at least one beamforming pattern in the uplink transmission, wherein the signal comprising the identifier associated with the at least one beamforming pattern in the uplink transmission enables the UE to select a beamforming pattern for uplink transmission;
repeatedly transmit a primary synchronization signal (xPSS) and a beamforming reference signal (xBRS) using transmit beamforming sweeping on a periodic basis based at least in part on radio resource control (RRC) signaling from a primary cell (PCell);
receive, from the UE, the first PRACH via a omnidirectional antenna;
in response to the first PRACH, transmit to the UE a timing advance and a Cell Radio Network Temporary Identifier (C-RNTI) for data transmission from the UE;
receive, from the user equipment, a physical uplink shared control channel (PUSCH) which contains a request for a beamformed PRACH transmission;
in response to the request for a beamformed PRACH transmission, transmit a physical downlink control channel (PDCCH) to the UE;
receive, from the user equipment, the beamformed PRACH transmission; and
determine, from the beamformed PRACH transmission, a suitable transmission beam for uplink transmission from the UE.

US Pat. No. 10,484,060

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION IN MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for transmitting channel state information by a user equipment (UE) in a mobile communication system, the method comprising:receiving, from a base station, a higher layer signaling message comprising information indicating a reporting mode for the channel state information and information related to a codebook subset configuration indicating subsampling a master codebook for use in reporting the channel state information;
determining whether to apply codebook subsampling to the master codebook based on the codebook subset configuration and the reporting mode, wherein the master codebook is defined as a set of precoding matrices shared by the UE and the base station;
upon determining to apply the codebook subsampling to the master codebook, generating a subsampled codebook by subsampling the master codebook and generating the channel state information comprising a first precoding matrix indicator (PMI) indicating a precoding matrix selected from the subsampled codebook;
when a plurality of feedback components are permitted to be simultaneously transmitted, further generating the channel state information further comprising a second PMI generated by assuming a particular codebook subset configuration which does not require subsampling and neglecting the codebook subset configuration made by the higher layer signaling; and
transmitting the channel state information to the base station.

US Pat. No. 10,484,058

TRANSMISSION METHOD AND TRANSMISSION DEVICE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A transmission method, comprising:encoding processing that generates a first encoded block and a second encoded block using a forward error correction coding scheme;
modulation processing that generates a plurality of first symbols and a plurality of second symbols from the first encoded block and generates a plurality of third symbols and a plurality of fourth symbols from the second encoded block;
phase change processing that changes a phase of the plurality of second symbols and the plurality of fourth symbols;
orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) symbol generation processing that generates a first OFDM symbol by arranging the first symbols and the third symbols on data carriers of the first OFDM symbol and generates a second OFDM symbol by arranging the second symbols and the fourth symbols; and
transmitting processing that transmits the first OFDM symbol and the second OFDM symbol by using a plurality of antennas, wherein
in the first OFDM symbol, the first symbols are allocated with a predetermined period and the third symbols are allocated on data carriers adjacent to the first symbols,
in the second OFDM symbol, the second symbols are allocated with the predetermined period and the fourth symbols are allocated on data carriers adjacent to the second first symbols,
amounts of the phase change applied to the second symbols are regularly changed in a frequency direction, and
an amount of the phase change applied to each of the fourth symbols is same as that applied to each of the adjacent second symbols.

US Pat. No. 10,484,057

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR COORDINATING MULTIPLE WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS NETWORK

MEDIATEK SINGAPORE PTE. L...

1. A method for allocating radio resources by a coordinating wireless communications device in a wireless communications network including a plurality of wireless communications devices, the method comprising:obtaining a plurality of supported narrow-band channels in the wireless communications network;
selecting a primary channel from the supported narrow-band channels and using the primary channel to communicate with the plurality of wireless communications devices;
organizing the plurality of wireless communications devices into one or more communication groups;
assigning one of the one or more communication groups a non-overlapping operating channel for multi-user down-link multiple-input multiple-output (MU DL MIMO) operation with the coordinating wireless communications device, wherein the non-overlapping operating channel contains at least two of the plurality of supported narrow-band channels in a coalesced manner in frequency domain; and
assigning another one of the one or more communication groups another non-overlapping operating channel for multi-user up-link multiple-input multiple-output (MU UL MIMO) operation with the coordinating wireless communications device, wherein the another non-overlapping operating channel contains at least two of the plurality of supported narrow-band channels in a coalesced manner in the frequency domain;
wherein communication on the non-overlapping operating channel for the MU DL MIMO operation and communication on the another non-overlapping operating channel for the MU UL MIMO operation are concurrent, wherein the bandwidth of each of the non-overlapping operating channel and the another non-overlapping operating channel is determined based on at least one parameter selected from a group comprising the availability of the number of the supported narrow-band channels, the level of the interference of each supported narrow-band channel, and the respective supported narrow-band channels supported by each of the wireless communications device, and the bandwidth of at least one of the non-overlapping operating channel and the another non-overlapping operating channel is less than a sum of the bandwidths of the plurality of supported narrow-band channels.

US Pat. No. 10,484,056

ANALOG BEAM SIMULATION FOR WIRED DEVICE TESTING IN CP-OFDM SYSTEMS

Keysight Technologies, In...

1. A test device for simulating analog beams applied to a device under test (DUT), the test device comprising:a memory that stores instructions; and
a processor that executes the instructions,
wherein, when executed by the processor, the instructions cause the test device to perform a process comprising:
obtaining, from the memory and based on received instructions for testing the DUT, a first predetermined power level for a first beam to be simulated for the DUT and a first predetermined time delay for the first beam to be simulated for the DUT;
applying the first predetermined power level for the first beam and the first predetermined time delay for the first beam to a first set of subcarriers and cyclic prefix orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (CP-OFDM) symbol to obtain simulated characteristics of the first beam from a perspective of the DUT; and
sending, over a wired connection, the simulated characteristics of the first beam from the processor to the DUT for testing the DUT using the simulated characteristics of the first beam to simulate wireless communication without over-the-air (OTA) transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,484,052

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING ELECTRICAL POWER AND/OR SIGNALS BETWEEN A WALL AND A LEAF PIVOTABLE RELATIVE THERETO

1. A device for transmitting at least one of electrical power and signals between a wall and a leaf which is mounted so as to pivot on the wall, the device comprising:a transmission device which comprises,
a device for detecting a magnetic field strength in surroundings of the transmission device, the device for detecting a magnetic field strength comprising a magnetic field sensor which is designed as at least one of a reed switch and a Hall sensor,
a coil arrangement arranged on a side of the wall, and
a coil arrangement arranged on a side of the leaf;
a coil arrangement comprising a coil housing and a coil winding; and
an electrical circuit arrangement comprising a board,
wherein,
the magnetic field sensor is arranged on the board,
the board is arranged on an outer side of the coil housing,
the board comprises a transmission and/or receiving unit of an opto-electronic signal transmission device, and
the opto-electronic signal transmission device is provided as a part of a control loop for controlling power which is applied to the coil winding on the side of the wall which based on a power requirement of the side of the leaf.

US Pat. No. 10,484,040

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CANCELLING SELF-INTERFERENCE SIGNAL IN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM SUPPORTING FULL-DUPLEX SCHEME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for cancelling a self-interference (SI) signal in a communication system supporting a full-duplex scheme, the method comprising:estimating an SI channel;
performing a pre-filtering operation on a transmission signal based on the estimated SI channel;
generating copied-SI signals based on the estimated SI channel and the pre-filtered transmission signal; and
cancelling an SI signal based on the copied-SI signals,
wherein the pre-filtering operation includes an operation for decreasing a number of SI signals, and
wherein the performing of the pre-filtering operation on the transmission signal based on the estimated SI channel comprises:
acquiring a pre-filter which is time reverse for the estimated SI channel and is a complex conjugate, and
filtering the transmission signal based on the acquired pre-filter.

US Pat. No. 10,484,039

MULTIPLEXER, RADIO FREQUENCY FRONT-END CIRCUIT, AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A multiplexer comprising:a first 90° hybrid coupler that is connected to an antenna terminal, that includes a plurality of transmission lines, and that is configured to shift, with respect to a radio frequency signal passing through one of the plurality of transmission lines of the first 90° hybrid coupler, a phase of a radio frequency signal passing through another of the plurality of transmission lines of the first 90° hybrid coupler by approximately 90 degrees;
a second 90° hybrid coupler that is connected to a terminating resistor, that includes a plurality of transmission lines, and that is configured to shift, with respect to a radio frequency signal passing through one of the plurality of transmission lines of the second 90° hybrid coupler, a phase of a radio frequency signal passing through another of the plurality of transmission lines of the second 90° hybrid coupler by approximately 90 degrees;
a first filter connected to the first 90° hybrid coupler and configured to selectively pass a first radio frequency signal of a first pass band; and
a second filter and a third filter, the second and third filters both being connected to both the first 90° hybrid coupler and the second 90° hybrid coupler, and both having the same filter characteristics,
wherein the second filter and the third filter are band elimination filters configured to reflect the first radio frequency signal and pass a second radio frequency signal of a band other than the first pass band, low-pass filters configured to reflect a third radio frequency signal of a band including the first pass band and pass a fourth radio frequency signal of a band lower than the band of the third radio frequency signal, or high-pass filters configured to reflect a fifth radio frequency signal of a low frequency band including the first pass band and pass a sixth radio frequency signal of a band higher than the band of the fifth radio frequency signal.

US Pat. No. 10,484,022

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION NODE WITH MULTI-BAND FILTERS

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A wireless communication network node comprising:at least one antenna arrangement,
at least one radio arrangement,
at least one power splitter arrangement, and
at least one power amplifier,
where each antenna arrangement in turn comprises at least one antenna device, and where each power splitter arrangement comprises an input port and at least two output ports, wherein each of said at least one power amplifier is connected to a corresponding input port, and where, for each power splitter arrangement, the at least two output ports of each power splitter arrangement are connected to at least one corresponding antenna device via a corresponding multi-band filter for each of the at least two output ports of the each power splitter arrangement, where each multi-band filter is arranged for at least two frequency bands, and
wherein the wireless communication network node comprises a first power amplifier, a second power amplifier, a first power splitter arrangement, a second power splitter arrangement, where the first power amplifier is connected to an input port of the first power splitter arrangement and where the output ports of the first power splitter arrangement are connected to a first set of antenna devices of a combined antenna arrangement via corresponding multi-band filters for each of said output ports and phase shifters, and where the second power amplifier is connected to an input port of the second power splitter arrangement, where the output ports of the second power splitter arrangement are connected to a second set of antenna devices of the combined antenna arrangement via corresponding multi-band filters for each of said output ports and phase shifters, the combined antenna arrangement comprising antenna devices of a first polarization and a second polarization, where first polarization is orthogonal to the second polarization.

US Pat. No. 10,484,019

ADAPTIVE ENCODER/DECODER

Western Digital Technolog...

18. A storage device comprising:volatile memory;
data encoding means for encoding data to generate data parity;
mode encoding means for encoding mode information to generate mode parity;
codeword forming means for forming a first sub-codeword that comprises the data and the data parity, the codeword forming means further for forming a second sub-codeword that comprises the mode information and the mode parity;
codeword storing means for storing the first sub-codeword and the second sub-codeword in the volatile memory;
codeword reading means for accessing the first sub-codeword and the second sub-codeword from the volatile memory;
mode decoding means for decoding the second sub-codeword that was accessed from the volatile memory to obtain the mode information; and
data decoding means for decoding the first sub-codeword that was accessed from the volatile memory based on the mode information, the data decoding means comprising normal data decoding means for decoding the first sub-codeword in response to the mode information indicating a normal data mode, the data decoding means comprising special data decoding means for decoding the first sub-codeword in response to the mode information indicating a special data mode.

US Pat. No. 10,484,017

DATA PROCESSING APPARATUS, AND DATA PROCESSING METHOD

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A data processing apparatus in which data as an object of transmission is low density parity check-coded on a transmission side, the resulting low density parity check code is mapped to a symbol on a complex plane corresponding to a predetermined modulation system, a data stream representing the symbol to which the mapping is carried out is bit-interleaved with a predetermined bit group as a unit, and the bit-interleaved data stream transmitted in accordance with the predetermined modulation system is set as an object of processing, the data processing apparatus comprising:a parallel demapping processing portion configured to obtain a second data stream by executing in parallel demapping processing corresponding to the mapping on the transmission side for a first data stream, as the object of processing, corresponding to the bit-interleaved data stream transmitted from the transmission side;
a bit interleave reverse processing portion configured to obtain a third data stream by executing in parallel bit interleave reverse processing corresponding to a bit interleave on the transmission side for the second data stream;
a barrel shifter configured to obtain a fourth data stream by performing in parallel column twist reverse processing on the third data stream; and
a low density parity check decoding portion configured to decode the fourth data stream inputted in parallel with the predetermined bit group as the unit.

US Pat. No. 10,484,015

DATA STORAGE SYSTEM WITH ENFORCED FENCING

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method comprising:requesting, by a head node of a data storage system, credentials for accessing portions of mass storage devices of a plurality of data storage sleds of the data storage system, wherein the head node includes a sequence number for the head node with requests to the plurality of data storage sleds;
receiving, by the head node, credentials for accessing the portions, wherein the credentials are issued based, at least in part, on sled controllers of the data storage sleds determining the sequence number for the head node is greater than one or more respective greatest sequence numbers previously stored for the portions;
receiving, by the head node, a write request from a client of the data storage system;
writing, by the head node, data included with the write request to a data storage of the head node; and
requesting, by the head node, to write the data included with the write request to a plurality of mass storage devices in a plurality of data storage sleds of the data storage system, wherein requesting to write the data comprises:
presenting at least some of the respective credentials obtained from the plurality of data storage sleds; and
determining the respective credentials are valid credentials for accessing respective portions of the plurality of mass storage devices; and
writing the data included with the write request to the plurality of mass storage devices in the plurality of data storage sleds of the data storage system.

US Pat. No. 10,484,013

SHIFT-COEFFICIENT TABLE DESIGN OF QC-LDPC CODE FOR SMALLER CODE BLOCK SIZES IN MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS

MEDIATEK INC., Hsin-Chu ...

1. A method of wireless communication, comprising:establishing, by a processor of an apparatus, a wireless communication link with at least one other apparatus via a transceiver of the apparatus; and
wirelessly communicating, by the processor, with the other apparatus via the wireless communication link by:
selecting a first shift-coefficient table from a plurality of shift-coefficient tables;
generating a quasi-cyclic-low-density parity-check (QC-LDPC) code using a base matrix and at least a portion of the first shift-coefficient table;
selecting a codebook from a plurality of codebooks embedded in the QC-LDPC code;
storing the selected codebook in a memory associated with the processor;
encoding data using the selected codebook to generate a plurality of modulation symbols of the data; and
controlling the transceiver to multiplex, convert, filter, amplify and radiate the modulation symbols as electromagnetic waves through one or more antennas of the apparatus to transmit the modulation symbols of the data to the other apparatus via the wireless communication link,
wherein the selecting of the first shift-coefficient table from the plurality of shift-coefficient tables comprises selecting the first shift-coefficient table according to one or more rules related to either or both of a code block size and a code rate of the data for relatively smaller code block sizes.

US Pat. No. 10,484,009

DECODING METHOD AND DECODER FOR LOW-DENSITY PARITY-CHECK CODE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A decoding method for a low-density parity-check (LDPC) code, comprising:dividing, by a decoder, an LDPC code C whose bit length is n into k divided LDPC codes D, the LDPC code C={c1,c2,c3,K,cn-1,cn}, the divided LDPC codes D={D1,D2,K,Dk-1,Dk}, Di={c(i-1)l+1,c(i-1)l+2,K,cil-1,cil}i=1,2,K,k?1,k, and a bit length of the Di comprising l=n/k;
arranging, by the decoder, the Di,i=1,2,K,k?1,k by column to obtain transpose codes (DT) of the divided LDPC codes D, the DT={D1T,D2T,K,Dk-1T,DkT}, DiT={c(i-1)l+1,c(i-1)l+2,K,cil-1,cil}T, and i=1,2,K,k?1,k;
performing, by the decoder, cyclic shift on the DiT,i=1,2,K,k?1,k by row according to values of corresponding elements in a target check matrix to obtain shift codes (E), the E={E1,E2,K,Et-1,Et}, t being equal to a quantity of rows of the target check matrix, Ej comprising a result of shifting the DT according to an element of a jth row in the target check matrix, and j=1,2,K,t?1,t;
obtaining, by the decoder, t*m groups of LDPC subcodes according to the E and a bit length of the decoder (d), the LDPC subcodes comprising F1,F2,K,Ftm-1,Ftm, the Ej being divided into m groups, the Ej={(Ej)1d,(Ej)d+12d,K,(Ej)(m-2)d+1(m-1)d,(Ej)(m-1)d+1md}={F(j-1)m+1,F(j-1)m+2,K,Fjm-1,Fjm}, (Ej)(s-1)d+1sd, s=1,2,K, m?1,m denoting an [(s?1)d+1]th row to an (sd)th row of the Ej, and m=?l/d?; and
decoding, by the decoder, m groups of the LDPC subcodes to obtain a decoding result of the LDPC code C such that a quantity of parallel decoding operations on the LDPC code C being controlled flexibly.

US Pat. No. 10,484,004

DELTA-SIGMA MODULATOR

MEDIATEK INC., Hinchu (T...

1. A delta-sigma modulator (DSM) comprising:a first loop filter for filtering a first signal to a second signal;
a second loop filter for filtering a third signal;
a comparator;
a register coupled to the comparator;
a first capacitor bank and a second capacitor bank parallelly coupled between the second loop filter and the comparator;
a first path coupled between the register and the first loop filter, causing a delayed signal to be linearly combined with an input signal to form the first signal; and
a second path coupled between the register and the second loop filter, causing the delayed signal to be linearly combined with the second signal to form the third signal; wherein:
the delayed signal is formed by delaying an output signal of the register; and
during a second phase and a third phase, the first capacitor bank is conducted to the comparator; and
during a fourth phase and a repeated first phase, the second capacitor bank is conducted to the comparator.

US Pat. No. 10,484,002

HIGH-SPEED HIGH-RESOLUTION DIGITAL-TO-ANALOG CONVERTER

Keithley Instruments, LLC...

1. A digital-to-analog converter, comprising:an input to receive a digital signal;
a first comparator configured to receive the digital signal and output a first signal based on the digital signal and a first threshold;
a second comparator configured to receive the digital signal and output a second signal based on the digital signal and a second threshold, the second threshold different from the first threshold;
an integrator configured to receive the first signal and the second signal and integrate the first signal and the second signal into an analog signal that represents the digital signal;
a first resistor coupled between the first comparator and an input of the integrator; and
a second resistor coupled between the second comparator and the input of the integrator.

US Pat. No. 10,483,990

FREQUENCY COMPENSATOR, ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND FREQUENCY COMPENSATION METHOD

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A frequency compensator, comprising:a control circuit configured to generate a frequency control word according to an initial frequency and a target frequency; and
a frequency compensation circuit is configured to:
receive an input signal of the initial frequency; and
generate and output an output signal of a compensated frequency according to the frequency control word and the input signal of the initial frequency,
wherein the control circuit comprises:
an input sub-circuit configured to obtain the initial frequency, the target frequency, and a frequency multiplication parameter;
a calculation sub-circuit configured to generate the frequency control word according to the initial frequency, the target frequency, and the frequency multiplication parameter; and
an output sub-circuit configured to output the frequency control word to the frequency compensation circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,483,985

OSCILLATOR USING SUPPLY REGULATION LOOP AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An oscillator comprising:a reference voltage generator configured to generate reference voltages from a supply voltage;
a supply regulation loop circuit comprising a first operational amplifier and a transistor, the first operational amplifier being configured to receive a first reference voltage of the reference voltages, and the transistor being connected to an output terminal of the first operational amplifier; and
a frequency locked loop (FLL) circuit configured to generate a clock signal, based on an input voltage determined based on a current flowing in the transistor and a second reference voltage of the reference voltages,
wherein the first operational amplifier comprises:
an input terminal configured to receive the first reference voltage and to receive negative feedback from the transistor; and
the output terminal being configured to generate an output voltage independent of noise of the supply voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,483,980

PARAMETRICALLY ACTIVATED QUANTUM LOGIC GATES

1. A method comprising:obtaining operating parameters for one or more of a plurality of qubit devices in a quantum processor circuit, the plurality of qubit devices comprising a fixed-frequency qubit device and a tunable qubit device, the operating parameters based on measurements of the quantum processor circuit under an operating condition, the operating condition comprising a flux modulation applied to the tunable qubit device; and
based on the operating parameters, selecting gate parameters of a two-qubit quantum logic gate for application to a pair of qubits defined by the fixed-frequency qubit device and the tunable qubit device;
generating a control signal configured to modulate, at a modulation frequency, a transition frequency of the tunable qubit device, the modulation frequency being determined based on a transition frequency of the fixed-frequency qubit device; and
applying the two-qubit quantum logic gate to the pair of qubits by communicating the control signal to a control line coupled to the tunable qubit device;
wherein the control signal is a first control signal, the modulation frequency is a first modulation frequency, the fixed-frequency qubit device is a first fixed-frequency qubit device that defines a first qubit, the two-qubit quantum logic gate is a first two-qubit quantum logic gate, the pair of qubits is a first pair of qubits, and the method further comprises:
generating a second control signal configured to modulate the transition frequency of the tunable qubit device at a second modulation frequency, the second modulation frequency being determined based on a transition frequency of a second fixed-frequency qubit device in the quantum processor circuit; and
applying a second two-qubit quantum logic gate to a second pair of qubits in the quantum processor circuit by communicating the second control signal to the control line coupled to the tunable qubit device, the second pair of qubits comprising a second qubit defined by the tunable qubit device and a third qubit defined by the second fixed-frequency qubit device.

US Pat. No. 10,483,978

MEMORY DEVICE PROCESSING

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a memory device comprising a plurality of banks of memory cells, wherein particular banks of memory cells among the plurality of banks includes a bank processor configured to control memory operations for the bank on which the bank processor is located; and
a system processor resident on a bank of the memory device that does not include the bank processor, wherein the system processor is configured to control performance of memory operations for the memory device.

US Pat. No. 10,483,974

METHOD FOR MULTIPLEXING BETWEEN POWER SUPPLY SIGNALS FOR VOLTAGE LIMITED CIRCUITS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A system, comprising:a plurality of functional circuits;
a power supply circuit configured to:
generate a shared power signal coupled to the plurality of functional circuits; and
generate an adjustable power signal coupled to a particular functional circuit of the plurality of functional circuits; and
a power management circuit configured to send a request to the power supply circuit to change a voltage level of the adjustable power signal from a first voltage level to a second voltage level;
wherein the particular functional circuit is configured to:
selectively couple a power node included in the particular functional circuit to either of the shared power signal or the adjustable power signal based on a control signal; and
maintain an operational voltage level on the power node when selectively coupling the power node to either of the shared power signal or the adjustable power signal.

US Pat. No. 10,483,973

TEMPERATURE INSTABILITY-AWARE CIRCUIT

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A circuit, comprising:a first swing reduction circuit coupled between an input/output pad and a buffer circuit, wherein the first swing reduction circuit comprises a first p-type metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect-transistor gated by a first bias voltage and comprises a second p-type metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect-transistor drained by the first bias voltage; and
a second swing reduction circuit coupled between the input/output pad and the buffer circuit,
wherein the first swing reduction circuit is configured to increase a voltage received by respective gates of a first subset of transistors of the buffer circuit when a voltage applied on the input/output pad is equal to a first supply voltage, and the second swing reduction circuit is configured to reduce a voltage received by respective gates of a second subset of transistors of the buffer circuit when the voltage applied on the input/output pad is equal to a second supply voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,483,970

DYNAMIC TERMINATION EDGE CONTROL

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a delay pipeline comprising a plurality of serially connected flip-flops, wherein the delay pipeline is configured to receive an ODT command to assert on-die termination (ODT) for a data pin of the semiconductor device and to generate and output a plurality of delayed commands in a backward direction to generate a shifted command; and
selection circuitry configured to receive a selection signal to indicate a selected delayed command from the plurality of delayed commands used to generate the shifted command, wherein the shifted command is configured to enable the ODT during a memory write based at least in part on the selected delayed command.

US Pat. No. 10,483,961

CHARGE INJECTOR WITH INTEGRATED LEVEL SHIFTER FOR LOCALIZED MITIGATION OF SUPPLY VOLTAGE DROOP

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first power supply rail to provide a first power supply voltage;
a second power supply rail to provide a second power supply voltage, wherein the first power supply voltage is higher than the second power supply voltage;
a first circuitry coupled to the first and second supply rails, wherein the first circuitry is to operate using the first power supply voltage, wherein the first circuitry is to inject charge on to the second power supply rail in response to a droop indication, wherein the first circuitry comprises a level-shifter with an asymmetric input pair circuitry, and wherein the asymmetric input pair circuitry is to turn on the first circuitry faster than turning the first circuitry off; and
a second circuitry to detect voltage droop on the second power supply rail, wherein the second circuitry is to generate the droop indication for the first circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,483,946

SINGLE SOLUTION IMPEDANCE MATCHING SYSTEM, METHOD AND APPARATUS

PALSTAR, INC., Piqua, OH...

1. A method for matching an impedance of a radio frequency (RF) load to an impedance of a RF source, said method comprising the steps of:coupling a RF source having a first impedance to an input of a 1:N step-up impedance transformer, wherein the first impedance of the RF source is stepped up to a second impedance at an output of the 1:N step-up impedance transformer, the second impedance is N times the first impedance, and the second impedance is greater than the RF load impedance;
coupling a matching network to the output of the 1:N step-up impedance transformer, wherein the matching network comprises a variable capacitor and a variable inductor;
increasing the RF load impedance with a step-up impedance transformer or decreasing the RF load impedance with a step-down impedance transformer, wherein the step-up impedance transformer or the step-down impedance transformer is coupled between the RF load and the matching network; and
adjusting the variable capacitor and the variable inductor so that the impedance of the RF load appears to the RF source to be at substantially the first impedance.

US Pat. No. 10,483,933

AMPLIFICATION ADJUSTMENT IN COMMUNICATION DEVICES

Sorenson IP Holdings, LLC...

1. A method to adjust audio amplification in a communication device, the method comprising:obtaining a request from a user regarding adjusting settings of audio output by the communication device;
in response to obtaining the request, presenting an audio configuration interface on a display of the communication device, the audio configuration interface including a visual depiction of a plurality of amplification settings that each correspond to a different one of a plurality of frequencies, the plurality of amplification settings indicating amplifications applied to the plurality of frequencies of the audio output by the communication device;
obtaining an action from the user to adjust the amplification of one or more of the plurality of amplification settings in the audio configuration interface to generate adjusted amplification settings;
in response to obtaining the action, automatically applying the adjusted amplification settings to test audio, the test audio including a female voice and a male voice;
in response to applying the adjusted amplification settings, automatically outputting the test audio with the applied adjusted amplification settings through a speaker of the communication device;
while outputting the test audio with the applied adjusted amplification settings, obtaining a second action from the user to adjust the amplification of one or more of the plurality of amplification settings in the audio configuration interface to generate second adjusted amplification settings;
automatically applying the second adjusted amplification settings to the test audio; and
in response to automatically applying the second adjusted amplification settings to the test audio, un-applying the adjusted amplification settings to the test audio.

US Pat. No. 10,483,916

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR RING-OSCILLATOR BASED OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS FOR SCALED CMOS TECHNOLOGIES

SEAMLESS MICROSYSTEMS, IN...

1. A closed loop amplifier, comprising:a first oscillator having an input and a plurality of N outputs;
a second oscillator having an input and a plurality of N outputs;
a plurality of N phase detectors, each of the plurality of N phase detectors has a first input, a second input, a first output, and a second output, wherein each first input of each phase detector is coupled to respective one of the plurality of N outputs of the first oscillator, wherein each second input of each phase detector is coupled to respective one of the plurality of N outputs of the second oscillator;
a first impedance element having two terminals, wherein one terminal is coupled to the input of the first oscillator;
a second impedance element having two terminals, wherein one terminal is coupled to the input of the second oscillator;
a plurality of N third impedance elements, each of the plurality of N third impedance elements has a first terminal and a second terminal, wherein each first terminal of each third impedance element is coupled to the input of the first oscillator, wherein each second terminal of each third impedance element is coupled to respective one first output of the plurality of N phase detectors; and
a plurality of N fourth impedance elements, each of the plurality of N fourth impedance elements has a first terminal and a second terminal, wherein each first terminal of each fourth impedance element is coupled to the input of the second oscillator, wherein each second terminal of each fourth impedance element is coupled to respective one second output of the plurality of N phase detectors,
wherein the closed loop amplifier amplifies a continuous-time continuous-amplitude signal to a continuous-time discrete-amplitude signal.

US Pat. No. 10,483,914

VERY HIGH FIDELITY AUDIO AMPLIFIER

DEVIALET, Paris (FR)

1. An audio amplifier comprising:an input for an audio signal to be amplified and an output for powering a load on the basis of the amplified audio signal;
a generator of reference voltage of very high linearity and low output impedance, able to receive, as input, the audio signal to be amplified;
a power current generator comprising a power voltage generator whose output is connected to the output of the reference voltage generator through a coupling impedance;
the coupling impedance comprising two coupling inductances mounted in series between the output of the reference generator and the output of the power voltage generator and an attenuation impedance linking a mid-point between the two coupling inductances and a reference potential,
wherein the attenuation impedance comprises an attenuation inductance.

US Pat. No. 10,483,892

VARIABLE MAGNETIZATION MACHINE CONTROLLER

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

13. A variable magnetization machine control system comprising:a controller configured to detect a magnetization state of a variable magnetization machine and carry out a control to change the magnetization state of the variable magnetization machine based on the detected magnetization state,
the controller being further configured to output a control signal indicating a speed and a torque of the variable magnetization machine for controlling the speed and the torque of the variable magnetization machine, configured to output an ideal magnetization state of a low-coercive-force magnet of the variable magnetization machine based on the speed and the torque indicated by the control signal, and configured to adjust a shape of a d-axis current waveform and a shape of a q-axis current waveform in accordance with the ideal magnetization state of the low-coercive-force magnet of the variable magnetization machine to generate an adjusted d-axis current waveform and an adjusted q-axis current waveform that provide a driving voltage to drive the variable magnetization machine at a predetermined speed associated with the ideal magnetization state of the low-coercive-force magnet of the variable magnetization machine while maintaining the driving voltage below a predetermined maximum magnitude, and
the controller being configured to adjust the d-axis current waveform and the q-axis current waveform by making slopes at leading and trailing edges of the d-axis current waveform and the q-axis current waveform for a high driving voltage more gentle relative to slopes at leading and trailing edges of the d-axis current waveform and the q-axis current waveform for a low driving voltage that is lower than the high driving voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,483,888

PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS GENERATOR BASED DIRECT CURRENT POWER GENERATING SYSTEM

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A method of compensating for rotor position error of a rotor of a permanent magnet synchronous generator (PMG) that provides electrical power to a direct current (DC) power generating system, the method comprising:obtaining PMG phase voltages and resolver processed angular position output signals by a resolver-to-digital (R/D) converter of the DC power generating system when the PMG is driven by a prime mover;
filtering the PMG phase voltages by a filter;
sending the filtered PMG phase voltages to a digital signal processor (DSP) component including at least one computer processor and at least one computer readable storage medium;
selecting a PMG fundamental phase voltage waveform from the filtered PMG phase voltages and by the at least one computer processor;
converting a mechanical angle of a rotor into an electrical angle by the at least one computer processor of an electrical angle and frequency derivation component of the DC power generating system;
aligning the electrical angle within the mechanical angle with a corresponding PMG fundamental phase voltage angle by adjusting offset to the electrical angle;
storing a plurality of resolver error offset values associated with the electrical angle into a computer readable storage medium of the at least one computer readable storage medium;
adding additional values to the compensation table by interpolating data between two corresponding resolver error offset values of the plurality of resolver error offset values by a computer processor of the at least one computer processor; and
running the prime mover at a pre-determined speed before obtaining the PMG phase voltages;
further comprising:
feeding an excitation signal to a resolver rotor coil;
feeding sinusoidal and cosine-shaped signals from respective coils of a resolver associated with a rotor of the PMG;
deriving angular and speed values by the R/D converter; and
feeding the angular and speed values to the DSP component before running the prime mover;
wherein the resolver comprises a two-pole resolver;
wherein the resolver is frameless; and
wherein the PMG includes about twenty-eight poles.

US Pat. No. 10,483,865

CONVERTERS FOR WIND TURBINE GENERATORS

1. A system for converting an alternating current (AC) output from a generator of a wind turbine, the system comprising:a first rectifier and a second rectifier of the wind turbine, each rectifier connected to the AC output of the generator and arranged to generate a respective direct current (DC) output, wherein:
a positive DC level output from the first rectifier is applied to a first, positive DC conductor;
a negative DC level output from the first rectifier is connected together with a positive DC level output from the second rectifier and applied to a second, neutral DC conductor; and
a negative DC level output from the second rectifier is applied to a third, negative DC conductor, the first, second, and third DC conductors being arranged to transmit the resulting DC voltages; and
a controller configured to, responsive to sensing a presence of current flowing in the second DC conductor, control the rectifiers to balance current flowing in the first DC conductor and the third DC conductor, wherein the current in the second DC conductor is reduced.

US Pat. No. 10,483,860

PRIMARY SIDE CONSTANT CURRENT REGULATION

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A current sense circuit, comprising:a first sense diode having a first diode anode and a first diode cathode;
wherein the first diode anode is grounded; and
wherein the first diode cathode is connected to a second terminal of a first coil of a transformer having an operating frequency (TSW);
wherein the first coil includes a first terminal coupled to an input voltage received at an input current (IP);
wherein the transformer includes a second coil coupled to at least one output node providing an output voltage and an output current (IO);
a second sense diode having a second diode anode and a second diode cathode;
a sensing resistor providing a sense resistance;
a sensing capacitor;
wherein the sensing resistor and the sensing capacitor are grounded;
a voltage reference regulator configured to operate at a reference voltage (VREF), comprising:
a ground node;
a first reference node; and
a second reference node;
a set resistor having a set resistance (RSNS);
wherein the set resistor is configured to receive a sensed voltage (VS); and
a compensating resistor having a compensating resistance (RCOMP);
wherein the compensating resistor is connected, in parallel, at the first reference node, to the set resistor;
wherein the second diode anode is connected to the second terminal and the second diode cathode is connected, in parallel, to the sensing resistor, the sensing capacitor, and the compensating resistor at a voltage sense node.

US Pat. No. 10,483,854

RESONANT POWER SUPPLY CONVERTER CIRCUIT AND METHOD THEREFOR

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A method of forming a resonant mode power supply control circuit comprising:configuring the resonant mode power supply control circuit to switchingly control a high-side transistor and a low-side transistor to regulate an output voltage delivered to a load wherein the high-side transistor and the low-side transistor both have a current conducting electrode coupled together at a half-bridge node wherein the half-bridge node is configured for coupling to an inductor;
configuring a switching control circuit to form one or more drive signals to switch the high-side transistor and the low-side transistor in a normal operating mode in response to a first value of the output voltage and to control the high-side and low-side transistors in a light-load operating mode in response to a second value of the output voltage wherein the first value is greater than the second value and wherein the switching control circuit forms the light-load operating mode to include one or more sequences of a drive interval wherein the one or more drive signals are formed to switch the high-side and low-side transistors, followed by an Off-interval wherein the high-side and low-side transistors are not switched;
configuring a light-load control circuit to generate a drive pattern having one or more pulse sets wherein each pulse set is formed to enable the low-side transistor for a substantially fixed time interval, subsequently enable the high-side transistor for a second time interval determined by the output voltage, and subsequently enable the low side transistor for a third time interval formed to be one of proportional to the second time interval or in response to a substantially zero value of a current sense signal; and
configuring the light-load control circuit to measure a duration of the drive interval and the Off-interval and to adjust a number of pulse sets in a subsequent drive pattern for a subsequent drive interval in response to the duration.

US Pat. No. 10,483,825

ROTARY ACTUATOR

CTS Corporation, Lisle, ...

1. A rotary actuator comprising:a connector housing including a frame;
a separate motor housing secured and extending outwardly from a first side of the frame of the connector housing and defining an interior adapted to house a motor; and
a separate gear and sensor housing secured and extending outwardly from a second side of the frame of the connector housing opposed to the first side of the frame of the connector housing and defining an interior adapted to house a plurality of gears, a sensor, and an output shaft; and
clips on the respective motor housing and the gear and sensor housing for securing the motor housing and the gear and sensor housing to the frame of the connector housing.

US Pat. No. 10,483,817

ROTOR FOR AN ELECTRIC MOTOR INCLUDING A STRUCTURE FOR RETAINING ROTOR SEGMENTS AND PERMANENT MAGNETS ON A HUB THEREOF

Equipmake Ltd, Norwich (...

1. A rotor for an electric motor, the rotor comprising:a hub having a central axis;
a plurality of rotor segments arranged around the hub;
a plurality of permanent magnets; and
an assembly for retaining the segments on the hub,
wherein the assembly includes a plurality of rods which extend in an axial direction so as to retain respective rotor segments,
the segments are arranged around the hub to define at least two rings, which are adjacent to each other in the axial direction,
the rotor includes an intermediate plate between each ring of segments, wherein the rods pass through each intermediate plate,
wherein the magnets and the hub are shaped so as to engage with each other in such a way that the hub restrains the magnets in the circumferential direction, with each magnet received by and in direct engagement with a parallel-sided groove defined by an outer circumferential surface of the hub, and the intermediate plate between each ring of segments defines a series of inwardly directed projections in engagement with the grooves in the hub in such a way as to resist rotation of the intermediate plate between each ring of segments around the axis of the hub.

US Pat. No. 10,483,810

VARIABLE-DISTANCE WIRELESS-POWER-TRANSFER SYSTEM WITH FIXED TUNING AND POWER LIMITING

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A wireless-power-transfer system comprising:a transmitter circuit including:
a DC input;
an oscillator-controlled drive stage connected to the DC input and providing an output at a fixed frequency;
a primary series-resonant capacitor connected to the oscillator-controlled drive stage; and
a transmitting coil connected to the primary series-resonant capacitor; wherein
a transmitting resonant frequency is defined by the primary series-resonant capacitor and the transmitting coil; and
the transmitting resonant frequency is below the fixed frequency of the oscillator-controlled drive stage; and
a receiver circuit including:
a receiving coil;
a secondary series-resonant capacitor connected in series with the receiving coil;
a secondary parallel-resonant capacitor connected in parallel with the receiving coil;
a rectifier circuit connected to the secondary series-resonant capacitor and the secondary parallel-resonant capacitor and including at least one rectifier; and
an output filter capacitor connected to the rectifier circuit and arranged to receive a rectifier-circuit DC output; wherein
a receiving resonant frequency is defined by the secondary series-resonant capacitor, the secondary parallel-resonant capacitor, the receiving coil, and a nonlinear capacitance of the at least one rectifier; and
the receiving resonant frequency increases as a nonlinear capacitance of the at least one rectifier decreases when the rectifier-circuit DC output increases.

US Pat. No. 10,483,806

MULTI-MODE ENERGY RECEIVER SYSTEM

PowerSphyr Inc., Danvill...

1. A device comprising:a processor configured to identify a power transferring device, to determine a range configuration relative to the power transferring device, and to determine a power status of the device;
a first antenna configured to receive an oscillating power signal from the power transferring device at a first selected frequency based on the range configuration relative to the power transferring device, and based on the power status of the device; and
a first rectifier circuit configured to convert the oscillating power signal from the first antenna at the first selected frequency into a direct-current signal to charge a device load.

US Pat. No. 10,483,801

INTEGRATED WIRELESS RESONANT POWER CHARGING AND COMMUNICATION CHANNEL

AVAGO TECHNOLOGIES INTERN...

1. A wireless powering device for providing wireless power to a target device, the wireless powering device comprising:a power source;
a communication circuit configured to receive a wireless power communication from the target device, the wireless power communication including target device authentication information;
a target device authenticator coupled to the communication circuit, the target device authenticator configured to determine, based on the target device authentication information, a target resonant frequency to be used for transfer of wireless power to the target device; and
a resonant coupling component coupled to the power source and to the target device authenticator, the resonant coupling component configured to receive information from the target device authenticator regarding the target resonant frequency, wherein the resonant coupling component is further configured to be dynamically tuned to generate a wireless power transmission at the target resonant frequency to transfer wireless power to the target device.

US Pat. No. 10,483,799

POWER SUPPLY AND PICKUP SYSTEM CAPABLE OF MAINTAINING STABILITY OF TRANSMISSION EFFICIENCY DESPITE CHANGES IN RESONANT FREQUENCY

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. A power supply device supplying power to a moving object using magnetic induction, the power supply device comprising:a power supply coil which is arranged to extend in a traveling direction of the moving object and through which a current flows to form a magnetic field; and
a power supply core adjusting a direction of the magnetic field and having a plurality of magnetic poles extended to be parallel to the traveling direction of the moving object,
wherein the power supply core is arranged with respect to the power supply coil so that two neighboring magnetic poles of the power supply core have different magnetic polarities and a direction of the magnetic field at the magnetic poles of the power supply core is perpendicular to the traveling direction of the moving object, and
wherein Q-factor of the power supply device is less than 100, said Q-factor is determined by

wherein said w is an angular frequency of the current, said Ls is an inductance of said power supply device, and said Rs is a resistance of said power supply device,
wherein a cross section of the power supply core perpendicular to the traveling direction of the moving object has a W-shape and said power supply coil is arranged in parallel to the traveling direction of the moving object in the power supply core.

US Pat. No. 10,483,793

EMERGENCY SUPPLY UNIT

1. Emergency operating arrangement (EOA) for at least one building technical device (L), comprising:a power supply unit (PSU) that is configured to output DC power at a first fixed voltage level;
an emergency supply unit (ESU) that is configured to output DC power at a second fixed voltage level that is higher than the first fixed voltage level; and
a switch that is able to receive DC power from the power supply unit and from the emergency supply unit and that can be controlled to output one of DC power from the power supply unit at the first fixed voltage level or DC power from the emergency supply unit at the second fixed voltage level;
the power supply unit (PSU) and the emergency supply unit (ESU) being adapted to be supplied by an electrical supply (ES), wherein the emergency supply unit (ESU) is configured to detect an emergency situation and control the switch to output the DC power from the emergency supply unit at the second fixed voltage level when the emergency situation is detected, thereby signaling to the building technical device (L) that the emergency situation has been detected.

US Pat. No. 10,483,791

SERIES-CONNECTED BATTERY PACKS, SYSTEM AND METHOD

MILWAUKEE ELECTRIC TOOL C...

1. A power device comprising:a housing defining a first support operable to support a first battery pack including a first plurality of battery cells, and a second support operable to support a second battery pack including a second plurality of battery cells;
a circuit selectively electrically connecting the first battery pack and the second battery pack in series, the circuit including
an output terminal to provide an output voltage,
a first bypass portion operable to selectively electrically disconnect the first battery pack from the circuit, and
a second bypass portion operable to selectively electrically disconnect the second battery pack from the circuit;
a motor receiving the output voltage from the output terminal; and
a boost converter electrically connected to the circuit and operable to boost the output voltage at the output terminal, wherein boost converter is controlled to boost the output voltage based on a characteristic of the motor.

US Pat. No. 10,483,783

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING A WIRELESSLY CHARGING BATTERY

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

8. A system for selecting a battery pack of a plurality of battery packs being wirelessly charged, the system comprising:a wireless charger including
a power supply,
a plurality of charging coils, each charging coil coupled to the power supply and configured to wirelessly charge the battery pack of the plurality of battery packs using power received via the power supply, and
a wireless communication circuit forming a communication link with each battery pack; and
an optimal battery selection device
having battery information related to the plurality of battery packs including information received from the plurality of battery packs via the wireless communication circuit the battery information including a battery type and a charge level for each battery pack of the plurality of battery packs, and
configured to:
detect a battery pack request indicating a request to select a replacement battery pack from the plurality of battery packs being wirelessly charged,
determine a compatible battery pack type based on the request,
identify compatible battery packs of the plurality of battery packs based on the battery types of the plurality of battery packs and the compatible battery pack type,
identify one of the compatible battery packs as an optimal replacement battery pack by comparing the charge levels of the compatible battery packs,
and
provide a human recognizable notification indicative of the optimal replacement battery pack.

US Pat. No. 10,483,778

BATTERY SYSTEM WITH LOW POWER MODE

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

6. A method for controlling transitions of a battery system between a low power mode of operation during which the battery system preserves energy and a functional mode of operation during which the battery system provides energy to one or more external circuits, the one or more external circuits being external to the battery system and including an electrical load and a switchable circuit, the method being implemented in the battery system including a battery cell, a set of battery ports, a discharge circuit, and a status circuit, and wherein the set of battery ports includes a first battery port and a second battery port, the method comprising:operatively coupling, through the first battery port, the battery system to the electrical load during the functional mode of operation such that the battery cell provides energy to the electrical load;
operatively coupling, through the second battery port, the battery system to the switchable circuit during the low power mode of operation such that the battery cell provides energy to the switchable circuit;
providing energy, by the battery cell, to the first battery port and the second battery port;
providing, by the discharge circuit, a coupling between the battery cell and the first battery port such that the coupling is operative during an operative state of the discharge circuit, and such that the coupling is inoperative during an inoperative state of the discharge circuit;
responsive to the status circuit operating in the low power mode of operation, the status circuit causing the discharge circuit to be the inoperative state, the low power mode comprising a first low power sleep mode, wherein power consumption of the discharge circuit is reduced, and a second low power shutdown mode, wherein power consumption of the discharge circuit and the status circuit are reduced; and
responsive to provision of energy from the battery cell, through the second battery port, through the switchable circuit, through an individual battery port in the set of battery ports, to the status circuit, the status circuit causing the discharge circuit to be the operative state.

US Pat. No. 10,483,776

CHARGER

MAKITA CORPORATION, Anjo...

1. A charger comprising:a plurality of connecting parts configured such that at least two slide-type batteries having differing mounting parts are respectively mountable on the plurality of connecting parts;
one power supply circuit that generates charging power from input electric power;
a plurality of charging paths that respectively connect the power supply circuit to the plurality of connecting parts;
a plurality of open/close parts respectively provided in the plurality of charging paths, each open/close part being configured such that, in a closed state, the respective charging path is set to a connected state, and in an open state, the respective charging path is set to a disconnected state; and
a charging-control part configured such that:
a battery connected to one of the plurality of connecting parts serves as the charging target,
the open/close part, from among the plurality of open/close parts, provided in the charging path, which is connected to the charging target via the connecting part, is set to the closed state, and
the charging target is charged to a predetermined voltage by a charging current that is suited for the charging target,
wherein the plurality of connecting parts are located on a single planar surface or on a plurality of mutually planar surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,483,772

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE WIRELESS CHARGER OUTPUT PROTECTION

LEAR CORPORATION, Southf...

1. A vehicle charging unit having a wireless charger output protection system comprising:a powerline configured to transmit AC current induced in a receive antenna;
a rectifier configured to rectify the AC current from the powerline into a DC current for charging a vehicle battery;
a powerline switch connected to the powerline configured to control electrical connection between the receive antenna and the rectifier;
a sensor circuit configured to detect a powerline voltage and generate a control voltage signal using the powerline voltage;
a control switch; and
a monitoring circuit selectively connected to the powerline switch by the control switch, the monitoring circuit configured to output a switch control signal causing the powerline switch to change state responsive to the control voltage signal from the sensor circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,483,761

POWER MANAGEMENT DEVICE, POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, SERVER, POWER MANAGEMENT METHOD, AND PROGRAM

Panasonic Corporation, O...

1. A power management system configured to indicate control content for charging and discharging of an electric storage apparatus installed in each of buildings of consumers to each of the buildings individually, when supplying into an electric load through an electric wiring installed in each of the buildings: electric power stored in the electric storage apparatus in each of the buildings which receive electric power from a power grid; and electric power received from the power grid,the power management system comprising:
a memory configured to store data relating to a change in monitoring power with time with respect to each of the buildings, the monitoring power being electric power to be noted in each of the buildings;
a classification portion configured to classify data relating to a change in the monitoring power during a prescribed unit period with respect to each of the buildings, stored in the memory, into any one of kinds of electric power patterns data;
a planning portion configured to apply two or more pattern data models based on the kinds of electric power patterns data to a building, and determine the control content for charging and discharging of the electric storage apparatus of the building with respect to each applied pattern data model under a condition of minimizing any one of an amount of electric power to be received from the power grid, a compensation of the amount of electric power to be received from the power grid, and an amount of carbon dioxide to be exhausted;
an indication portion configured to indicate the control content corresponding to each of the two or more pattern data models applied by the planning portion to the electric storage apparatus of the building, which each pattern data model conforms with, of the buildings; and
a control device configured to control charging and discharging of at least one of the electric storage apparatuses according to the control content based on plural buildings,
wherein:
the monitoring power includes demand power that is electric power consumed by the electric load in each building and a residual capacity of the electric storage apparatus in each building;
the memory is configured to store data relating to a change in the demand power with time and data relating to a change in the residual capacity with time with respect to each building;
the kinds of electric power patterns data includes two or more kinds of demand power patterns data, any one of which the change in the demand power during the prescribed unit period is classified into, and two or more kinds of residual capacity patterns data, any one of which the residual capacity at a starting point of the prescribed unit period is classified into;
the classification portion is configured to classify each of demand powers respectively corresponding to the buildings, stored in the memory, into any one of the two or more kinds of demand power patterns data, and classify each of residual capacities respectively corresponding to the buildings, stored in the memory, into any one of the two or more kinds of residual capacity patterns data; and
each of the two or more pattern data models includes a combination of any one of the two or more kinds of demand power patterns data and any one of the two or more kinds of residual capacity patterns data.

US Pat. No. 10,483,758

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING A HYBRID ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM

ABB Research Ltd., Zuric...

1. A control apparatus for controlling a hybrid energy storage system comprising two or more energy storage units associated with an electrical grid comprising one or more electrical buses, wherein at least two of the energy storage units have different energy storage characteristics, and wherein the control apparatus comprises:a power-sharing controller corresponding to each energy storage unit, each power-sharing controller configured to generate a power-sharing command signal; and
a charging-state controller corresponding to each energy storage unit, each charging-state controller configured to control charging and discharging of the corresponding energy storage unit through an associated local converter unit, in response to the power-sharing command signal generated by the corresponding power-sharing controller;
each power-sharing controller comprising:
a filter circuit configured to obtain a filtered input signal by filtering the input signal to the corresponding power-sharing controller according to a filter response that is tailored to the energy storage characteristics of the corresponding energy storage unit, said input signal reflecting load variations on the electrical grid; and
a control circuit configured to generate the power-sharing command signal for the corresponding energy storage unit as a combination of the filtered input signal and a steady-state command signal for the corresponding energy storage unit representing a targeted steady-state condition of the corresponding energy storage unit;
wherein the at least two energy storage units include first and second energy storage units, and wherein the control apparatus comprises a first power-sharing controller and a first charging-state controller corresponding to the first energy storage unit, and a second power-sharing controller and a second charging-state controller corresponding to the second energy storage unit, and wherein the first and second power-sharing controllers are coupled in a series arrangement, such that the input signal to the second power-sharing controller is provided as an output signal from the first power-sharing controller, wherein the input signal to the second power-sharing controller has a communication latency due to the input signal being fed from the first power-sharing controller such that local grid measurements indicated by the input signal are delayed with respect to instantaneous local grid conditions, and wherein the second power-sharing controller further includes a latency-compensation circuit that is configured to compensate for the communication latency based on predicting values of the input signal as a function of the local grid measurements indicated by the input signal and actual values of the local grid measurements obtained for the second energy storage unit.

US Pat. No. 10,483,749

SHORT-CIRCUITING DEVICE OF AN ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION AND SYSTEM FOR EXTINGUISHING AN ELECTRICAL ARC THAT MAY APPEAR IN SUCH AN INSTALLATION

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUST...

9. A system for quenching an electric arc that can occur in an electrical installation, the installation including at least two electrical conductors, the system comprising:at least one device for detecting the electric arc on each conductor;
at least one electrically isolating circuit breaker connected to the electrical conductors between the electrical installation and a power supply source of the electrical installation;
a shorting device connected to the electrical conductors;
an electronic device configured to control the shorting device so that the shorting device is in a state for setting up a short circuit between the electrical conductors when the electric arc is detected by the detection device, and configured to trip the at least one electrically isolating circuit breaker when the electric arc is detected by the detection device,
wherein the shorting device includes
at least two connection terminals, each configured to be connected to a respective electrical conductor;
a parallelepipedic electromechanical block configured to set up a short circuit between the connection terminals;
at least two resistors, one for each of the two connection terminals, each of the at least two resistors being configured to connect a corresponding one of the connection terminals to the corresponding electrical conductor, each of the resistors comprising a first connection end connected to the corresponding connection terminal and a second connection end configured to be connected to the corresponding electrical conductor,
wherein each of the resistors has an impedance, and a variation in a value of the impedance is less than 1 m? for a temperature of the resistors of between 0° C. and 200° C.

US Pat. No. 10,483,744

BEND LIMITING DEVICE FOR A CABLE CONNECTED TO A FLOATING MARINE INSTALLATION OR VESSEL

W4P WAVES4POWER AB, Vast...

1. A bend limiting device (100) for a cable (101?) connected to a connection point (102) of a floating marine installation (103) or vessel, said bend limiting device comprising at least one elongated sleeve member (104) provided with:an entrance end (105), which exhibits an entrance opening (106) into said sleeve member (104) for the cable (101?) connected to said connection point (102);
an exit end (107), opposite to the entrance end, which exit end exhibits an exit opening (108) for the cable (101?) out of said sleeve member (104);
an outer abutment surface (109) disposed between the entrance end (105) and the exit end (107), which abutment surface is adapted to be secured against a rigid surface (110) of said marine installation (103) or vessel;
an axially through-going hole (111) between the entrance opening (106) and the exit opening (108) for accommodating a portion (101??) of the cable; and
at least one clamping device (112) for securing said sleeve member (104) in a fixed position around said accommodated portion (101??) of the cable,
wherein the outer abutment surface (109) of the sleeve member (104) is configured to allow it to be secured against said rigid surface (110) by applying a pulling force (F1) on the cable (101?) and the sleeve member (104) secured thereto in a direction from the abutment surface (109) to said rigid surface (110) of said marine installation (103) or vessel, as well as to allow it to be detached from said rigid surface (110) when the application of pulling force on the cable ceases.

US Pat. No. 10,483,740

FLOOR BOARD JUNCTION BOX

KONE CORPORATION, Helsin...

1. A method for installing at least one junction box in an elevator hoistway of an elevator, the method comprising:providing at least one junction box, each junction box including a plurality of knock-out portions and integrated box flaps;
knocking out at least one of the plurality of knock-out portions of the at least one junction box to form a respective aperture; and
affixing at least one PCB board to the respective aperture via a respective holder,
wherein the elevator includes a plurality of landings and at least one of a seismic device, a door lock switch, a door sensor and a stop switch,
wherein the method further comprises:
fixing the at least one junction box to a duct connection using the integrated box flaps,
electrically connecting the at least one junction box to a controller via a serial data bus through the duct connection;
electrically connecting the at least one of the seismic device, door lock switch, door sensor and stop switch to the at least one junction box through the duct connection; and
electrically connecting hall call buttons to the at least one junction box from each of the plurality of landings, and
wherein the elevator further comprises a wire duct and landing fixtures connected to the at least one junction box.

US Pat. No. 10,483,733

JOINT STRIP

1. A device for bridging a gap between a first rigid object and a second rigid object, the device comprising:a. a center trunk having an upper section and a lower section, the lower section comprising a first tapered terminal end, the upper section comprising a second tapered terminal end, the center trunk having a first tapered side and a second tapered side, the first and second tapered sides being on opposing sides of the center trunk and extend linearly upwardly and outwardly from the first tapered terminal end to the second tapered terminal end such that the center trunk has a tapered profile;
b. a recess shaped and positioned to receive at least a portion of opposing sides of the first rigid object, the recess defined at least in part by a first upper flange that extends directly from the second tapered terminal end of the center trunk, the first tapered side of the center trunk, and a lower flange that extends upwardly directly from the first tapered terminal end of the lower section of the center trunk to a tip of the lower flange, and wherein the device has a rest configuration prior to both receipt of the first rigid object in the recess and placement of the device in the gap at which the first upper flange and the lower flange each extend directly from the center trunk at a generally converging angle towards the other of the first upper flange and the lower flange; and
c. a second upper flange directly extending from the second tapered terminal end of the center trunk,
wherein the first tapered terminal end includes a trailing protrusion that extends, at least when the device is at the rest position, a distance outwardly and downwardly from the center trunk to create a resistance against the second rigid object when the opposing sides of the first rigid object are located within the recess and the center trunk is moved up or down within the gap such that the device is capable of installation after the first rigid object and the second rigid object are coupled together, the trailing protrusion and the lower flange extending from opposing sides of the center trunk at the first terminal end,
wherein the device has a first width between a top surface of the device above the second tapered terminal end of the center trunk and a bottom surface at the first tapered terminal end of the center trunk that is greater than a second width of the device between a top surface of the first upper flange and an outer surface of the lower flange at the tip of the lower flange.

US Pat. No. 10,483,732

MULTILAYER CONTAINMENT AND PROTECTION TUBE FOR CONDUITS, CABLES AND THE LIKE

TUBIGOMMA DEREGIBUS S.R.L...

1. A multilayer containment and protection tube for conduits, cables and the like, comprisingan inner layer made of polytetrafluoroethylene PTFE, which is electrically at least antistatic, with a smooth internal surface, which forms a duct for supporting conduits or cables,
one or more intermediate layers of electrically at least antistatic reinforcement,
an outer layer made of electrically at least antistatic polymeric material, and
a covering and finishing layer, which is electrically at least antistatic, wherein said covering and finishing layer is made of thermoplastic material, wherein said thermoplastic material of said covering and finishing layer is ultrahigh molecular weight polyethylene UHMWPE, and wherein said covering and finishing layer has a substantially smooth and glossy external surface.

US Pat. No. 10,483,731

METHODS FOR JOINING EXTENDED LENGTHS OF CONDUIT

1. A method of joining extended lengths of conduit, said method comprising the steps of:placing two or more lengths of conduit in series along a length of tract to which conduit is to be laid;
placing conduit couplings between each of said lengths of conduit;
attaching said conduit couplings by a screwing motion to the ends of each of said lengths of conduit to begin threading said conduit coupling to said lengths of conduit;
stabilizing a terminal end of said lengths of conduit to prevent rotation;
connecting an apparatus for joining lengths of conduit to a near end of said lengths of conduit, wherein said apparatus comprises:
a cylindrical apparatus head with a torque application interface arranged around the circumference of said cylindrical apparatus head comprising indentions between two shoulders;
an extender joining body;
an abutting plate; and,
a cylindrical conduit interface comprising a threaded interior surface; and,
applying torque to said torque application interface, wherein said apparatus screws said lengths of conduit to each of said conduit couplings joining said lengths of conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,483,730

METHOD OF BUILDING AN INSULATION SYSTEM AROUND A NAKED CONDUCTOR SECTION OF A POWER CABLE

NKT HV Cables GmbH, Bade...

1. A method of building an insulation system around a naked conductor section of a power cable, which power cable has a conductor which includes the naked conductor section and which power cable comprises an insulation system already provided around a majority of the conductor, which insulation system comprises an inner semiconducting layer arranged around the conductor, an insulation layer arranged around the inner semiconducting layer, and an outer semiconducting layer arranged around the insulation layer, and wherein the method comprises:a) placing the naked conductor section in a mold, and
b) moulding an insulation system around the naked conductor section, wherein the molding of the insulation system involves injecting a first semiconducting compound into a first mold cavity to form an inner semiconducting layer around the naked conductor section, injecting an insulation compound into a second mold cavity to form an insulation layer around the inner semiconducting layer, and injecting a second semiconducting compound into a third mold cavity to form an outer semiconducting layer around the insulation layer,
wherein the mold comprises a ring-shaped runner system having a ring-shaped runner which in the beginning of each mold cycle only has a single gate opening, which single gate opening is located opposite to a sprue, and
wherein the mold comprises a movable sleeve arranged in a first position at the beginning of each mold cycle thereby forming the single gate opening, wherein the method comprises moving the sleeve axially from the first position to a second position to obtain a gate along the entire circumference of the ring-shaped runner, wherein the sleeve is moved from the first position to the second position when any of the first semiconducting compound, the insulation compound and the second semiconducting compound has reached the single gate opening.

US Pat. No. 10,483,729

VENTED POWER DISTRIBUTION HOUSING

Littelfuse, Inc., Chicag...

1. A power distribution housing, comprising:a base comprising:
a main wall;
a sidewall extending from the main wall;
a vent through the main wall, the vent including:
a vent opening extending between an interior surface of the main wall and an exterior surface of the main wall; and
a plurality of passageways recessed into the exterior surface of the main wall, the plurality of passageways extending between the vent opening and the sidewall; and
a cover removably coupled to the base, the cover and the base defining an interior cavity operable to house at least one fusible element.

US Pat. No. 10,483,728

ELECTRICAL ENCLOSURE WITH VENTILATION STRUCTURE

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. An electrical equipment enclosure, comprising:a cabinet defining a storage compartment configured to contain electrical equipment, the cabinet having a vent opening communicating the storage compartment with an exterior of the cabinet;
a box structure having a first open side received over the vent opening, a first closed side opposite the first open side, a second closed side extending from the first open side to the first closed side, and a second open side opposite the second closed side; and
a baffle located in the box structure between the first open side and the second open side, wherein the baffle is joined to the box structure at a corner where the first open side intersects the second open side, reaches inward from the corner in a direction diagonally toward an opposite corner where the first closed side intersects the second closed side, and has a free end spaced from the sides of the box structure, whereby the baffle is interposed diagonally between the first open side and the second open side such that the baffle and the box structure define a convoluted air flow path from the vent opening through the first open side of the box structure, inward through the box structure from the first open side toward and around the free end of the baffle, and further through the box structure from the free end of the baffle to the second open side to ventilate heat from the storage compartment and to inhibit debris from passing through the box structure oppositely along the convoluted air flow path and entering the storage compartment through the vent opening.

US Pat. No. 10,483,725

CARRIER RAIL HOUSING AND ELECTRONIC MODULE WITH A CARRIER RAIL HOUSING AND CONTROL SYSTEM

1. A carrier rail housing suitable for attaching to a carrier rail including two holding legs that extend in the longitudinal direction and face outwards, the carrier rail housing comprising:a carrier rail receiving opening into which the holding legs of the carrier rail are insertable;
a locking mechanism to secure the holding legs in a desired mounting position inside the carrier rail receiving opening, the locking mechanism comprising two locking slides arranged to be displaceable on a mounting side of the carrier rail housing and configured to be interlocked with the carrier rail housing in a locking position;
at least one plug-in contact element arranged inside the carrier rail housing so as to face in the direction of the carrier rail receiving opening, the plug-in contact element including a plurality of plug-in contacts; and
at least one bus connector into which at least some of the plug-in contacts of the plug-in contact element are insertable, the at least one bus connector being connectable to a plug-in contact element of at least one additional carrier rail housing, wherein the bus connector comprises a base body with two mutually opposite ends, on each of which an inclined surface is formed, wherein the inclined surfaces are configured to move the locking slides outwards when the bus connector is inserted into the carrier rail receiving opening of the carrier rail housing,
wherein each of the locking slides comprises a first end that comprises a holding section that extends in sections into the carrier rail receiving opening in the locking position, so that the bus connector is secured between the holding sections of the locking slides and the plug-in contact element inside the carrier rail receiving opening.

US Pat. No. 10,483,723

POWER AMPLIFICATION DEVICE

ENE29 S.A.R.L., Luxembou...

1. Power amplification device capable of being powered by one single input voltage and comprising a switching module, said switching module comprising a first discharge electrode and a second discharge electrode, arranged opposite one another at a predetermined set distance defining a space for generating an electric arc, and a triggering means located near said space and being configured to trigger the formation of said electric arc in said space, said power amplification device comprising a triggering module configured to:convert the input voltage into a first supply voltage and into a second supply voltage,
detect an activation event,
generate, from the first supply voltage, an activation signal when an activation event has been detected,
generate, from the second supply voltage, a pulse command when an activation signal has been generated, and
transmit the pulse command generated to the triggering means of the switching module, so that the triggering means triggers the formation of an electric arc between the first discharge electrode and the second discharge electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,483,722

DEVICES WITH ULTRA-SMALL VERTICAL CAVITY SURFACE EMITTING LASER EMITTERS INCORPORATING BEAM STEERING

Sense Photonics, Inc., D...

1. A laser array, comprising:a plurality of laser emitters arranged in a plurality of rows and a plurality of columns on a substrate that is non-native to the plurality of laser emitters; and
a plurality of driver transistors on the substrate adjacent one or more of the laser emitters,
wherein a first subset of the plurality of laser emitters comprises a string of laser emitters that are connected such that an anode of at least one laser emitter of the first subset is connected to a cathode of an adjacent laser emitter of the first subset,
wherein a driver transistor of the plurality of driver transistors is configured to control a current flowing through the string to simultaneously activate at least two of the plurality of laser emitters,
wherein the plurality of laser emitters and the plurality of driver transistors are part of a Light Detection and Ranging (LIDAR) system, and
wherein the plurality of driver transistors are configured to, activate the first subset of the plurality of laser emitters at a first non-zero power level and to activate a second subset of the plurality of laser emitters at a second non-zero power level, different from the first non-zero power level.

US Pat. No. 10,483,721

REFLECTOR, VERTICAL CAVITY LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE, AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

STANLEY ELECTRIC CO., LTD...

1. A vertical cavity light-emitting device comprising:a semiconductor substrate having a hexagonal crystal structure;
a line mask extending linearly along at least a [11-20] direction, a [-12-10] direction, and a [2-1-10] direction on a c-plane of the semiconductor substrate;
a first reflector formed on an exposed region exposed from the line mask on the c-plane of the semiconductor substrate, the first reflector comprising a high refractive index semiconductor film and a low refractive index semiconductor film having a refractive index smaller than that of the high refractive index semiconductor film, the high refractive index semiconductor film and the low refractive index semiconductor film being alternately layered;
a light-emitting structure layer formed on the first reflector; and
a second reflector disposed on the light-emitting structure layer so as to be opposed to the first reflector.

US Pat. No. 10,483,720

LASER DEVICE WITH A BEAM CARRYING CONTROLLED ORBITAL ANGULAR MOMENTUM

UNIVERSITE DE MONTPELLIER...

1. A laser device for generating a helical-shaped phase optical wave, the laser device comprising:a gain region located between one first end defined by a first mirror and a second end defined by an exit region;
a second mirror configured to form, with the first mirror, an optical cavity including the gain region and a gap between the exit region and the second mirror;
means for pumping the gain region so as to generate the optical wave;
at least one means for transverse filtering the optical wave configured for selecting at least one rotary-symmetrical transverse mode of the optical wave, said rotary-symmetrical transverse mode being chosen among those with a radial index equal to zero and with an azimuthal index being an integer with a module higher or equal to 1; and
the at least one means for transverse filtering the optical wave comprises the following functionalized areas:
a center-discoidal area providing high losses between a minimum phase shift value and a maximum phase shift value, and
a first annular area, located around the center-longitudinal axis and a second annular area located around the first annular area, wherein said first annular area and said second annular area each provide modal azimuthal graded phase shift; and
a functionalized absorbing area or pumping area, located on a peripheral region, which is outside of the first annular area.

US Pat. No. 10,483,716

PHOTONIC DEVICE COMPRISING A LASER OPTICALLY CONNECTED TO A SILICON WAVE GUIDE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING SUCH A PHOTONIC DEVICE

1. Photonic device comprising:a support,
an intermediate layer in contact with the support and comprising at least one dielectric material and a first and second excess thickness of silicon, the first and second excess thicknesses of silicon being separated from each other by a space,
a first silicon layer in contact with the intermediate layer opposite the support, the first silicon layer comprising at least part of the thickness of a waveguide, and first to fifth waveguide sections distinct from the waveguide, the first to the fifth waveguide sections succeeding each other and being optically connected to the waveguide by at least either the first or the fifth waveguide section, the second, the fourth and the third waveguide sections facing the first and second excess thicknesses and the space, respectively,
a first dielectric layer covering the first silicon layer opposite the intermediate layer,
a gain structure comprising at least one gain medium capable of emitting light, the gain structure having a central portion facing the space and a first and a second end facing the first and the second excess thicknesses, thus the central portion of the gain structure with the space and the third waveguide section forms a hybrid laser waveguide, the second and the fourth waveguide sections, the first and the second excess thicknesses of silicon and the first and the second ends of the gain structure forming a first and a second optical transition zone of an optical mode between the hybrid laser waveguide and the first and fifth waveguide sections respectively,
a feedback structure to form an oscillating cavity comprising at least part of the gain medium so as to form a laser optically connected to the waveguide by at least either the first or the fifth waveguide section.

US Pat. No. 10,483,688

MAGNETICALLY ACTIVATED LATCH MECHANISM

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A magnetic receptacle, comprising:an electronic connector having an engagement feature on one or more sides of the electronic connector, the engagement feature configured to engage a latching feature on a magnetic protrusion; and
one or more receptacle magnets positioned adjacent the magnetic receptacle configured to laterally move the latching feature on the magnetic protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,483,687

TOLERANCE ABSORBING STRUCTURE OF POWER SUPPLY DISTRIBUTION BOX AND VEHICLE CIRCUIT BODY

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A tolerance absorbing structure of a power supply distribution box, comprising:a conductor connection member to which one end part of a flat distribution member is connected and fixed;
a storage case that includes a connection opening member into which the conductor connection member is inserted, and fixed to a vehicle body;
an elastic support member that supports the conductor connection member movably in a three-dimensional direction with respect to the connection opening member; and
a flexible conductor that connects a substrate connection part of a circuit conductor stored in the storage case and the conductor connection member with an extra length.

US Pat. No. 10,483,686

HIGH-SAFETY POWER STRIP

Shenzhen HUYUAN Electric ...

1. A high-safety power strip comprising:a power strip body, having a plurality of three-hole and/or two-hole jacks for connecting with at least one plug; and
a protective housing having an opening at one side thereof, the protective housing being connected with the power strip body,
wherein the jacks are located in the protective housing and face an inner wall of the protective housing;
wherein the protective housing is connected to the power strip body by at least one joint structure;
wherein each of the at least one joint structure comprises a clamping bar arranged on an inner wall of the protective housing, and a slot provided on the power strip body, and the clamping bar is engagable with the slot by means of inserting.

US Pat. No. 10,483,684

HOUSING FOR A USB CONNECTOR PLUG

UCB BIOPHARMA SPRL, Brus...

1. A housing for a USB connector plug comprisinga body for partly surrounding said USB connector plug, said body defining a forward aperture from which a plug head of the USB connector plug extends and a rearward aperture from which a cable of the USB connector plug extends,
the body having an outer form, which defines on a first surface thereof, a thumb pad and on a second opposing surface, a finger pad,
wherein said outer form of the body is provided with a thumb push element that stands proud from a forward part of said thumb pad,
wherein the outer form of the body defines a circular or ovular tablet profile with the thumb pad on a first face of the circular or ovular tablet profile and the finger pad on a second opposing face of the circular or ovular tablet profile, and
wherein the thumb pad defines a concave dish profile and the finger pad defines a concave tunnel profile.

US Pat. No. 10,483,682

ANTI-ABRASION CONNECTOR

AMPHENOL EAST ASIA ELECTR...

1. An anti-abrasion connector comprising a casing and a main body;the casing comprising a tube structure mounted around the main body;
the main body comprising a terminal cavity for the terminal to be inserted therein;
the casing comprising at least two protection members;
the protection members disposed on an inner side of an edge of the casing; each of the protection members comprising a connection body and a protection body, respectively;
the connection body formed in a curve-shaped structure and connected with the corresponding edge of the casing;
the protection body formed in a cuboid shape and connected with the casing through the corresponding connection body; and
when the casing is mounted around the main body, each of the protection bodies covering an inner wall of the main body.

US Pat. No. 10,483,680

DECORATIVE CONCEALED OUTLET DEVICE AND SYSTEM

TALONTED GROUP, INC., Ju...

1. A decorative cover frame for completely concealing an appearance of an outlet in a decorated surface, comprising:a substantially planar body having a decorative element mount surface and an outlet facing surface disposed opposite the decorative element mount surface, wherein the decorative element mount surface includes grooved surface features disposed therein, and wherein an area of the substantially planar body comprises a solid material that completely covers an area of the outlet;
a frame retaining protrusion extending outwardly from the outlet facing surface; and
a decorative element support ridge extending outwardly from the decorative element mount surface along peripheral edges of the substantially planar body forming a recessed area disposed inside the peripheral edges of the substantially planar body, wherein the recessed area is configured to receive a decorative element matching a decorative element of the decorated surface.

US Pat. No. 10,483,678

VEHICLE ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electrical connector, comprising:a base member disposed on an exterior portion of a vehicle;
a port disposed within a surface of the base member;
a wireless transceiver disposed within the vehicle; and
a controller configured to selectively activate the port based on an authentication of an electronic device, wherein the controller activates the port when the electronic device is authenticated within the vehicle and further wherein the controller is associated with the wireless transceiver and is configured to store information about one or more authenticated electronic devices.

US Pat. No. 10,483,675

CONNECTOR WITH PROTRUSIONS NEAR CONTACT PIECES

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A connector comprising:a plurality of terminals configured to connect to electric wires;
a bus bar configured to electrically connects the plurality of terminals to one another; and
a housing that comprises a plurality of terminal receiving chambers and a bus bar receiving chamber, the terminal receiving chambers configured to receive and position the plurality of terminals therein, and the bus bar receiving chamber configured to receive the bus bar,
wherein the bus bar comprises a plurality of contact pieces, a coupling portion, and support portions, the contact pieces being brought into contact with elastically contactable contact point portions provided in the plurality of terminals, the plurality of contact pieces extending in one and the same direction, the coupling portion coupling the plurality of contact pieces, the support portions extending in an extension direction of the plurality of contact pieces from both end portions of the coupling portion in its widthwise direction respectively, protrusions being provided in the support portions and being configured to be locked to the bus bar receiving chamber,
wherein a position where the plurality of contact pieces make contact with the contact point portions of the plurality of terminals and a position where the protrusions are locked to the bus bar receiving chamber are set to be aligned with each other in a longitudinal direction of the housing such that the protrusions are inserted into the housing as far along the longitudinal direction as at least a portion of the plurality of contact pieces in contact with the contact point portions,
wherein the position, where the plurality of contact pieces make contact with the contact point portions of the plurality of terminals, is a first position,
wherein the position, where the protrusions are locked to the bus bar receiving chamber, is a second position,
wherein, in a cross-section through the housing and perpendicular to the longitudinal direction, the first position and the second position are adjacent to each other in the cross-section, and
wherein the protrusions are closer to tin ends of the contact nieces than to an end of the bus bar opposite the tip ends.

US Pat. No. 10,483,665

GROUND TERMINAL AND WIRE HARNESS

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A ground terminal comprising:a conductor connecting portion to which a linear conductor is connected;
a plurality of fastening portions each of which is connected to the conductor connecting portion, is formed into a planar shape, and is configured to be individually fastened to a grounding surface through a respective fastening member of a plurality of fastening members in a state of facing the grounding surface; and
a deformation portion that is located between the fastening portions, connects the fastening portions and is deformed more easily than the fastening portions,
wherein the plurality of fastening portions each have a fastening hole,
wherein the deformation portion includes a thin portion that is formed to be thinner than the fastening portions,
wherein the thin portion has a recess at a lower side surface side facing the grounding surface, and a planar upper side surface, opposite the lower side surface and facing away from the grounding surface,
wherein the planar upper side surface and the plurality of fastening portions are in a same plane, and
wherein end portions of the thin portion in a direction orthogonal to both an extension direction and a fastening direction, have a curved shale, the extension direction being a direction along which the plurality of fastening portions are arranged and the fastening direction being a direction in which the plurality of fastening members fasten the plurality of fastening portions to the grounding surface.

US Pat. No. 10,483,655

LOW CROSS-POLARIZATION DECADE-BANDWIDTH ULTRA-WIDEBAND ANTENNA ELEMENT AND ARRAY

UNIVERSITY OF MASSACHUSET...

1. A modular wideband antenna element, comprising:a support structure comprising a feed network;
first and second arbitrarily-shaped radiator elements extending along a main axis of the antenna element, each of the first and second arbitrarily-shaped radiator elements comprising a plurality of disconnected metal radiator body components separated from one another along the main axis by gap regions, each of the first and second arbitrarily shaped radiator elements defining a wider end and a tapering free end to provide a tapered slot region, wherein the wider ends of the first and second arbitrarily-shaped radiator elements are located closer to the support structure than the tapering free ends of first and second arbitrarily-shaped radiator elements which are located farther from the support structure; and
capacitive enhancing elements located between the disconnected metal radiator body components and configured to couple the gap regions to one another,
wherein the first and second arbitrarily-shaped radiator elements are configured to be electrically coupled to the feed network and
wherein the first and second arbitrarily-shaped radiator elements comprise any of a Vivaldi embodiment antenna element, a Body of Revolution (BOR) element having a shape of a tapered cone, and stepped notches having a taper that is stepped upwards in flat segments.

US Pat. No. 10,483,649

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR ENHANCED RADIATION CHARACTERISTICS FROM ANTENNAS AND RELATED COMPONENTS

Fractal Antenna Systems, ...

1. An aperture engine array comprising:one or more aperture engine panels, wherein each aperture engine panel includes
an antenna layer configured to receive and/or transmit radiofrequency energy (RF) over a range of frequencies, wherein the antenna layer is substantially lacunar so as to allow incident radiation to pass through to an adjacent layer;
a solar cell layer including a panel of solar cells configured to absorb incident radiation and provide power, wherein the solar cell layer is operative as a power source for the transmission and/or reception of RF energy; and
a backplane layer, at least a portion of which contains a surface reflective to RF energy.

US Pat. No. 10,483,645

COMBINED LOOP-DIPOLE ANTENNA ARRAY SYSTEM AND METHODS

Regents of the University...

1. A hybrid antenna array for use in acquiring data using an MRI device, the antenna array comprising:one or more loop-line structures, each loop-line structure comprising a loop element and a line element which together form a hybrid transceiver block, wherein the loop element and the line element are aligned along their respective center axes, and wherein an input coil port includes at least one of a matching capacitor or an inductor for at least one of the elements of the block.

US Pat. No. 10,483,643

SMALL ANTENNA AND CALCULATION APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A small antenna comprising:a first element that includes a pair of conductors provided by a wire, one end portion of each of the pair of conductors being a power feeding point; and
a second element that is arranged to face the first element with sandwiching a dielectric body, and includes a conductor provided by a wire, wherein:
a part of the wire of each of the first element and the second element has an inductance shape with three or more bending structures or an inductance shape with a spiral structure;
a first resonance mode, in which a current direction of current flowing through the first element is same as a current direction of current flowing through the second element, has a first resonant frequency (Fa0);
a second resonance mode, in which the current direction of current flowing through the first element is opposite to the current direction of current flowing through the second element, has a second resonant frequency (Fb0); and
a length from each power feeding point to the inductance shape is determined to hold the first resonant frequency of the first resonance mode within a range from a frequency slightly higher than the second resonant frequency of the second resonance mode to a high anti-resonant frequency of the second resonance mode, or a range from a frequency slightly lower than the second resonant frequency of the second resonance mode to a low anti-resonant frequency of the resonance mode.

US Pat. No. 10,483,638

ANTENNA REFLECTOR INTERCHANGE MECHANISM

MACDONALD, DETTWILER AND ...

1. An interchange mechanism for deploying at least one reflector for reconfiguration of an antenna, said interchange mechanism comprising:a rotary actuator having a fixed section for mounting on a structure of the antenna, and a mobile section rotating relative to the fixed section about a rotation axis;
at least one carrier for supporting the at least one reflector, the at least one carrier freely rotatably mounting on the fixed section for rotation about the rotation axis between a first angular position and a second angular position; and
an arm mounted on the mobile section and carrying a carrier engaging mechanism successively and releasably engaging the at least one carrier and displacing the at least one carrier from the first angular position to the second angular position when the arm and the mobile section rotate in a first direction;wherein the carrier engaging mechanism is a latching mechanism successively latching to the at least one carrier at the first angular position and unlatching from the at least one carrier at the second angular position.

US Pat. No. 10,483,636

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE SHIELD BOX

ANRITSU CORPORATION, Kan...

1. An electromagnetic wave shield box including a casing body portion in which a device under test having an antenna on one surface and performs communication using a radio signal in a millimeter wave band is able to be installed, and a coupling antenna having a flat antenna surface and spatially coupled to the antenna, in the casing body portion, the electromagnetic wave shield box shielding penetration of electromagnetic waves from the outside, the electromagnetic wave shield box comprising:a coupling antenna holding portion that arranges a plurality of the coupling antennas annularly so that the antenna surfaces are directed to a center side of a ring and holds the coupling antennas;
a fixing portion that fixes the coupling antenna holding portion to a bottom surface of the casing body portion; and
a device-under-test holding portion that horizontally holds the device under test so that the one surface is directed to the coupling antenna, at a position spaced from the coupling antenna above the coupling antenna,
wherein the coupling antenna holding portion holds each coupling antenna in a posture in which the coupling antennas are inclined in the same way by a first angle with respect to a horizontal surface so that the coupling antennas are able to radiate radio waves to the device under test at the respective upper positions, a bottom angle of an isosceles triangle is set to the first angle, the ring is set to a bottom surface, a segment connecting an apex of a cone extending in the horizontal surface to a center of the coupling antenna is set to a rotation axis, and each coupling antenna is rotated by a second angle.

US Pat. No. 10,483,633

MULTIFUNCTIONAL GNSS ANTENNA

Harxon Corporation, Shen...

1. A multifunctional GNSS antenna, comprising: a PCB, a first dielectric plate, and a second dielectric plate arranged in a stacked manner,the PCB having a lower surface provided with a circuit network, the circuit network being covered by a metal shield cover; the first dielectric plate having an upper surface provided with a first metal layer and a lower surface attached to an upper surface of the PCB, a first feed probe penetrating the first metal layer and the first dielectric plate to couple the first metal layer with the circuit network; a third metal layer being embedded in an edge and a lateral surface of the first dielectric plate, a third feed probe and a first short-circuit probe both penetrating the third metal layer and the first dielectric plate, and the third feed probe coupling the third metal layer with the circuit network while the first short-circuit probe shorts the third metal layer to the ground; and the second dielectric plate having an upper surface provided with a second metal layer, a second feed probe coupling the second metal layer with the circuit network after penetrating the second metal layer, the second dielectric plate, the first metal layer, and the first dielectric plate.

US Pat. No. 10,483,630

WING LEADING EDGE ANTENNA SYSTEM

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A wing leading edge antenna system (“WLEAS”), the WLEAS comprising:an upper leading edge (“LE”) of a wing of an aircraft having two LE ribs within a LE cavity and the LE cavity formed by the two LE ribs and a lower LE of the wing;
a two-dimensional non-gimbaled scannable antenna (“2D-NGSA”); and
an adapter plate attached to both of the LE ribs,
wherein the 2D-NGSA is attached to the adapter plate within the LE cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,483,629

ANTENNA BEAM POINTING SYSTEM

1. An antenna beam pointing system for a satellite system for pointing autonomously, without any information from external inputs, the transmit or the receive beam of a phased array antenna, wherein said satellite system is comprised of a plurality of satellites in a constellation, a ground segment comprised of ground stations and ground data processing units, and a user segment comprised of satellite terminals, wherein said satellite terminals are each comprised of a processing unit, a modem, a phased array antenna, an antenna control unit (ACU), a downconverter, an upconverter, a clock, an interface to an inertial reference system (IRS), an interface to a GPS sensor, a baseband interface for data communications, and an interface for data loading, the antenna beam pointing system comprised of:the processing unit configured inside said satellite terminal to host a beam pointing software algorithm;
wherein said processing unit is configured with an interface to said antenna control unit to send pointing angle information computed by said software algorithm to calculate the receive or transmit beamforming parameters of said antenna;
wherein said processing unit is configured with an interface to said modem to receive ephemeris updates from the ground segment;
wherein said processing unit is configured with an interface to said modem to send commands to the ground segment to request ephemeris updates;
wherein said processing unit is configured with said data loading interface for data loading;
wherein said software algorithm is comprised of computer executable instructions wherein the instructions are executed by processing logic to:
compute, on the order of microseconds, autonomously and indefinitely for the lifetime of each satellite in the constellation, the receive beam or transmit beam pointing angles of said antenna;
compute at any log on opportunity with the satellite system the platform position vector from GPS receivers or IRS information, wherein said platform position vector is computed using latitude, longitude and altitude, wherein said platform position vector is calculated in a geocentric coordinate reference system;
compute, autonomously and indefinitely without any information from external inputs, predicted satellite position vectors in the geocentric coordinate reference system, using orbital equations of motion and time information from a GPS input or an internal clock if GPS is not available, wherein the orbital equations of motion are estimated by a finite-term algebraic expression to any degree of accuracy, wherein said predicted satellite position vectors are the satellite position vectors of the corresponding satellites that are within view of the receive beam or transmit beam scan angle capabilities; wherein each satellite in said constellation follows a near-ideal orbit by countering the effects of orbital decay with their autonomous station keeping mechanisms and maintaining itself within an orbital uncertainty volume indefinitely for its orbital lifetime; wherein the orbital equations of motion are computed on the order of micro seconds, given the finite-term algebraic expression;
wherein the orbital equations of motion are exemplified by conditions (1), (2), (3) and (4) for first order secular perturbation
?ave=?o+¾J2(R/p)2(4-5 sin2 i)navet  (1)
?ave=?o+3/2J2(R/p)2navet cos i  (2)
Mave=Mo+navet  (3)
nave=no+3/2J2(R/p)2no(1?3/2 sin2 i)(1?e2)1/2  (4);
wherein t is time; R is the Earth's radius; i is the inclination of the plane; e is the eccentricity of the orbital ellipse; ? is the longitude of the node; M is the mean anomaly; ? argument of perigee; ? is the Earth gravitational parameter; p is the semi lactus rectum; no is the unperturbed mean motion; and J2 is a gravity perturbation constant;
wherein the orbital equations of motion can also be exemplified by perturbations of any order to any degree of accuracy by any number of algebraic terms;
compute autonomously, on the order of microseconds, the initial orbit conditions for said predicted satellite position vectors, wherein said initial conditions are the starting predicted satellite position vector and corresponding starting time of each satellite in the satellite constellation;
compute autonomously, on the order of microseconds, the range vector from the platform to the satellite using spherical trigonometry wherein said range vector is the satellite position vector minus the platform position vector;
compute autonomously, on the order of microseconds, said receive beam and said transmit beam pointing angle, wherein the pointing angles are said range vector elevation and azimuth angles with respect to the geocentric coordinate reference system plus the local basis vectors rotations for the platform yaw, pitch and roll angles with respect to the geocentric coordinate reference system, wherein the local basis vectors in an unrotated platform consist of the z axis directed in the opposite direction of the platform position vector, the y axis directed towards the right side of the platform and the x axis directed towards the platform front, wherein the local x-y plane is perpendicular to the platform position vector;
send pointing angle information to the antenna control unit to calculate the receive beam and transmit beam beamforming parameters of said antenna;
wherein the low latency computation of each satellite position vector and the antenna pointing angles information adapts the terminal to form the transmit or receive beam toward any satellite in less than 0.3 seconds during initial communications operations; wherein the low latency computation of each satellite position vector and the antenna pointing angles information adapts the terminal to form the transmit or receive beam toward any satellite in less than 0.3 seconds during handover operations; wherein the low latency computation of each satellite position vector and the antenna pointing angles information adapts the terminal to form the transmit or receive beam toward any satellite in less than 0.3 seconds during reacquisition operations;
receive and process ephemeris updates from the ground segment relayed by the modem to update the orbital equations of motion in cases where satellites deviate from their nominal positions;
and send commands to the ground segment relayed by the modem to request ephemeris updates in cases where satellites deviate from their nominal positions.

US Pat. No. 10,483,627

WRAP AROUND ANTENNA

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. An antenna comprising:an antenna assembly comprising a plurality of antenna columns arranged to be connected to form a perimeter about a central region, wherein each of the plurality of inter-connected antenna columns includes one or more radiating elements;
at least one power divider configured to distribute radio frequency (RF) signals received by a base station or combine signals received from at least one of the plurality of inter-connected antenna columns;
a plurality of respective enclosures housing the plurality of antenna columns respectively, wherein the at least one power divider is enclosed within one of the plurality of enclosures,
wherein one of the plurality of enclosures is connected to another enclosure of the plurality of enclosures via at least one hinge.

US Pat. No. 10,483,626

ELECTRONIC DEVICE USING METAL COVER AS ANTENNA RADIATOR

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing including a front plate and a back plate facing away from the front plate;
a display positioned within the housing and exposed through the front plate; and
a printed circuit board (PCB) interposed between the front plate and the back plate,
wherein the back plate has a quadrangular shape including a first periphery elongated in a first direction, and a second periphery shorter than the first periphery and elongated in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction and includes:
a first conductive part having a quadrangular cutting elongated from a corner in the second direction, when viewed from above the back plate,
a second conductive part positioned in the cutting, when viewed from above the back plate, and
an insulating part of an L shape elongated between the first conductive part and the second conductive part, when viewed from above the back plate, and contacting the first conductive part and the second conductive part,
wherein the PCB includes:
a first ground plane interposed between the first conductive part and the front plate, elongated in the second direction, and spaced apart from the second periphery,
a second ground plane electrically connected with the first ground plane, and
at least one radio frequency communication circuit electrically connected to a first point on the first ground plane adjacent to the first periphery and a second point on the first conductive part adjacent to the second periphery,
wherein the second ground plane is elongated in the second direction parallel to the second conductive part between the second conductive part and the front plate, and
wherein at least a portion of the second ground plane is elongated and is separated from an edge of the first ground plane by a slit elongated in the second direction along a portion of the insulating part.

US Pat. No. 10,483,622

ANTENNA STRUCTURE AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING SAME

Chiun Mai Communication S...

1. An antenna structure comprising:a metal housing, the metal housing comprising a front frame, a backboard, and a side frame, the side frame being positioned between the front frame and the backboard; wherein the side frame defines a slot, the front frame defines a groove, the groove is positioned between two ends of the slot, communicates with the slot, and extends to cut across the front frame, a first portion of the front frame positioned at a first side of the groove forms a first branch; a second portion of the front frame extending from a second side of the groove to one end of the slot forms a second branch;
a switching circuit; and
a first feed source;
wherein the first feed source is electrically connected to the first branch and the second branch, and the first branch is grounded through the switching circuit;
wherein the first feed source is further electrically connected to the first branch and the second branch through a connecting portion, the side frame comprises an end portion, a first side portion, and a second side portion, the first side portion and the second side portion are respectively connected to two ends of the end portion; the connecting portion comprises a first connecting section, a second connecting section, a third connecting section, and a fourth connecting section; one end of the first connecting section is electrically connected to the first feed source and another end of the first connecting section extends along a direction parallel to the end portion towards the first side portion; one end of the second connecting section is perpendicularly connected to the end of the first connecting section away from the first feed source and another end of the second connecting section extends along a direction parallel to the first side portion towards the end portion until the second connecting section connects to the portion of the first branch adjacent to the groove; one end of the third connecting section is connected to a junction of the first connecting section and the first feed source and another end of the third connecting section extends along a direction parallel to the second connecting section away from the end portion; one end of the fourth connecting section is perpendicularly connected to the end of the third connecting section away from the first feed source and another end of the fourth connecting section extends along a direction parallel to the first connecting section towards the second side portion until the fourth connecting section connects to the second branch.

US Pat. No. 10,483,618

SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A semiconductor package comprising:a lower package comprising one or more electronic devices; and
an antenna unit disposed on an upper surface of the lower package,
wherein the antenna unit includes:
a ground portion disposed on an upper surface of the lower package;
a radiating portion comprising one or more radiators disposed to be spaced apart from the ground portion; and
a support portion separating the radiating portion and the ground portion,
wherein at least a portion between the radiating portion and the ground portion is empty space.

US Pat. No. 10,483,613

TELESCOPIC ANTENNA MAST

Maverick Inc., Fremont, ...

1. An antenna system, comprisinga base section;
a plurality of movable antenna sections adapted to fit inside of the base section, each movable antenna section including an outside section and an inside section, wherein the outside section has a plurality of threaded section locks penetrating through threads on the inside and outside sections to extend at least 0.5 inch beyond the inside section to prevent the inside section from collapsing into the outside section in an extended mode; and
a lock pin centrally positioned between the section locks to receive an actuator to extend the antenna section.

US Pat. No. 10,483,611

WAVEGUIDE/TRANSMISSION LINE CONVERTER CONFIGURED TO FEED A PLURALITY OF ANTENNA ELEMENTS IN AN ANTENNA DEVICE

Japan Radio Co., Ltd., T...

1. A waveguide/transmission line converter configured to convert power transmitted by a waveguide and power transmitted by at least one transmission line to each other, the waveguide/transmission line converter comprising:the waveguide having two wide walls and two narrow walls;
a dielectric substrate arranged in a manner blocking an opening of the waveguide;
a short-circuit metal layer arranged on a surface of the dielectric substrate and outside of the waveguide, and held at a potential which is the same as a potential of the waveguide either by a metal member penetrating the dielectric substrate along cross-sections of the two wide walls of the waveguide and not along cross-sections of the two narrow walls of the waveguide or by a metal member penetrating the dielectric substrate along the cross-sections of the two wide walls and a cross-section of one of the two narrow walls of the waveguide and not along a cross-section of the other of the two narrow walls of the waveguide; and
a matching element arranged on a surface of the dielectric substrate and inside the waveguide, coupled to the transmission line, and having a resonant length in an electric field direction inside the waveguide and in a feed power direction of the transmission line, wherein the resonant length is adapted to set up, as a standing wave, an electromagnetic wave transmitting the power transmitted by the waveguide and having an effective wavelength in a surrounding environment of the dielectric substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,483,605

BATTERY COOLING SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A battery cooling system for a vehicle, comprising:a battery module supplying drive energy to the vehicle;
a liquid supply unit supplying liquid to the battery module; and
an injection unit configured such that a first side thereof is connected to the liquid supply unit to be supplied with liquid from the liquid supply unit and a second side thereof is adjacent to the battery module to supply the liquid supplied from the liquid supply unit to an outer surface of the battery module, thereby cooling the battery module by using latent heat of evaporation of the liquid,
wherein a vehicle body is provided with an induction tube configured to collect liquid outside the vehicle and supply the same to the liquid supply unit, such that the liquid supply unit is constantly filled with liquid to cool the battery module without the liquid being separately supplied to the liquid supply unit.

US Pat. No. 10,483,603

PERISTALTIC PUMP FOR TRACTION BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A traction battery thermal management system comprising:a traction battery pack;
a conduit system providing a path for coolant to enter and exit the traction battery pack and including a conduit;
a sensor to measure conditions of the traction battery pack and the conduit system;
a peristaltic pump having an emitter comprised of at least one electromagnet arranged with the conduit; and
a control system to activate the peristaltic pump based on signals from the sensor to adjust at least one portion of the conduit to influence a flow rate of the coolant flowing therethrough.

US Pat. No. 10,483,601

BATTERY PACK WITH ENCLOSED HEATER

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A battery pack comprising:a cell stack including a plurality of battery cells arrayed in one direction;
a housing case housing the cell stack; and
a heater configured to increase temperature of the battery cells, wherein
the heater being arranged on top of a bottom part of the housing case inside the housing case such that the heater is separated from a cell bottom part of the battery cell vertically downwardly,
a space between the bottom part of the housing case and the cell bottom part of the battery cell being a closed space in a section in a direction orthogonal to an array direction of the plurality of battery cells,
a recessed heater installing part is provided in the bottom part of the housing case, the recessed heater installing part includes a heater installing member that includes a base part on which the heater is arranged and a pair of bottom plate parts extending from a lower surface on both sides of the base part in a direction parallel to the array direction of the battery cells, and upper surfaces of the bottom plate parts facing the closed space are positioned lower than an upper surface of the base part on which the heater is arranged,
in the section in the direction orthogonal to the array direction of the battery cells, stack support parts on both sides of the recessed heater installing part support the cell stack in a state of being in contact with the cell bottom part of the battery cell such that the closed space is defined, and
an elastic body is interposed in a contact part between the stack support part and the cell bottom part.

US Pat. No. 10,483,600

METHOD FOR OPERATING A BATTERY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a battery; and
one or more controllers programmed to
in response to an internal resistance value of the battery exceeding a limit value, perform a desulfation procedure by charging the battery at a voltage at least equal to a temperature dependent target value that permits all cells of the battery to be completely charged within a predetermined time period to of the battery within the predetermined time period,
after completion of the desulfation procedure, activate a current supply, and in response to a time difference, between battery current exceeding a first current threshold and falling below a second current threshold, being less than a time threshold, update the internal resistance value, and
in response to the updated internal resistance value still exceeding the limit value, generate an alarm.

US Pat. No. 10,483,598

LITHIUM REPLENISHMENT CELL TO ENHANCE BEGINNING OF LIFE CAPACITY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for fabricating an electrode sandwich, comprising:responsive to an amount of cyclable lithium lost being greater than a predefined threshold, initiating, by a controller, current flow between the sandwich and a lithium replenishment electrode in ionic conductivity with the sandwich via replenishment gaps to transfer lithium thereto; and,
responsive to an amount of transferred lithium corresponding to the amount lost, hot-press sealing the replenishment gaps and detaching the replenishment electrode from the sandwich.

US Pat. No. 10,483,592

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LITHIUM ION BATTERY CELLS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of manufacturing a lithium ion battery cell, the method comprising:providing a non-aqueous liquid electrolyte solution comprising a lithium salt and a nonaqueous, aprotic organic solvent;
contacting the liquid electrolyte solution with particles of a microporous lithium ion-exchanged zeolite material such that water molecules are removed from the liquid electrolyte solution; and then
introducing the liquid electrolyte solution into an electrochemical cell assembly that includes a plurality of alternating positive and negative electrode layers having porous separator layers interposed in face-to-face contact between opposing faces of the positive and negative electrode layers,
wherein the liquid electrolyte solution is introduced into the electrochemical cell assembly such that the liquid electrolyte solution infiltrates the porous separator layers and wets the opposing faces of the positive and negative electrode layers, and
wherein the lithium ion-exchanged zeolite material comprises at least one dehydrated zeolite material having:
(i) pore openings defined by 9-membered rings and a framework type selected from the group consisting of: CHI, LOV, NAB, NAT, RSN, STT, or VSV, or
(ii) pore openings defined by 12-membered rings and a framework type selected from the group consisting of: AFI, AFR, AFS, AFY, ASV, ATO, ATS, BEA, BEC, BOG, BPH, CAN, CON, CZP, DFO, EMT, EON, EZT, FAU, GME, GON, IFR, ISV, IWR, IWV, IWW, LTL, MAZ, MEI, MOR, MOZ, MSE, MTW, NPO, OFF, OSI, -RON, RWY, SAO, SBE, SBS, SBT, SFE, SFO, SOS, SSY, USI, or VET.

US Pat. No. 10,483,591

MODIFIED TRIAZINE FUNCTIONAL COMPOUNDS

NOHMS Technologies, Inc.,...

1. An electrical energy storage device electrolyte comprising:a) an aprotic organic solvent system;
b) an alkali metal salt;
c) an additive; and
d) a modified compound comprising a triazine moiety according to the following formulas
wherein:R is a phenyl ring with at least one of the hydrogen atoms on the ring is substituted with a halogen, alkyl, alkoxy, silyl, amide, or sulfoxide, perfluorinated alkyl, silane, sulfoxide, azo, amide, ether or thioether groups or combination thereof;
Q is an alkenyl, alkylsiloxy, silyl, thioether, sulfoxide, azo, amino or silane group; and
X is (a) a linker, comprising a C1-C8 alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, alkoxy, ester, carbonyl, phenyl, thioether, sulfoxide, azo or aryl group, wherein any of the carbon or hydrogen atoms therein are optionally further substituted with a halide; (b) O, S, N, or C; or (c) O, S, N, or C attached to the linker.

US Pat. No. 10,483,578

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ANODE SUPPORT OF SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL, AND ANODE SUPPORT OF SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. An anode support of a solid oxide fuel cell comprising:a structure of a metal and an inorganic oxide having oxygen ion conductivity, the structure having a treated portion and a non-treated portion, the treated portion including a surface of the anode support that contacts an electrolyte, the structure being prepared by a press and sinter operation,
wherein the surface of the treated portion that contacts the electrolyte has a plurality of pores such that the surface of the treated portion has a porosity of from 5% to 50%, each of the pores having a size from 0.1 micrometers to 1 millimeter, and
wherein the treated portion occupies from 5% to 50% of a total volume of the anode support and comprises the inorganic oxide, and
wherein the treated portion is a portion that has been treated by removing the metal using an acid.

US Pat. No. 10,483,575

FUEL CELL DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A fuel cell device configured to be operated with a natural gas, having a fuel cell unit (12) and an anode gas processor (14) arranged upstream of the fuel cell unit (12), which anode gas processor is configured to prepare the natural gas for use in the fuel cell unit (12) and which comprises a desulfurization unit (18), which is configured to desulfurize the natural gas, an oxidation unit (20), which is configured to perform partial oxidation, and a reformer unit (22), which is configured to produce at least one fuel gas, characterized by a recirculation unit (16), which is configured to supply at least a proportion of an anode waste gas from the fuel cell unit (12) to the anode gas processor (14), wherein the anode waste gas is delivered to the anode gas processor upstream of the desulfurization unit (18), and wherein the anode waste gas supplied by the recirculation unit (16) comprises steam and hydrogen.

US Pat. No. 10,483,571

FUEL CELL SYSTEM

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA C...

1. A fuel cell system, comprising:a plurality of reactor vessels containing a hydrogen storage material;
a hydrogen tank storing a hydrogen gas;
a fuel cell;
a cooling device to dissipate exhaust heat from the reactor vessels or the fuel cell to outside;
a hydrogen gas line that can switch supply routes of the hydrogen gas among the reactor vessels, the hydrogen tank, and the fuel cell;
a heat exchange line that can switch circulation routes of a heat exchange medium among the reactor vessels, the fuel cell, and the cooling device; and
a control mechanism to switch the supply routes of the hydrogen gas and the circulation routes of the heat exchange medium,
wherein the hydrogen gas line includes:
a supply route (A) to supply the hydrogen gas from the hydrogen tank to at least one of the reactor vessels;
a supply route (B) to supply the hydrogen gas from at least one of the reactor vessels to the fuel cell; and
a supply route (C) to supply the hydrogen gas from the hydrogen tank to the fuel cell, supply route (C) being formed from one or more pipes or valves directly connecting the hydrogen tank to the fuel cell, and
the heat exchange line includes:
a circulation route (A) to directly circulate the heat exchange medium between at least one of the reactor vessels and the cooling device;
a circulation route (B) to circulate the heat exchange medium between at least one of the reactor vessels and the fuel cell, circulation route (B) being formed by one or more pipes or valves that directly connect the reactor vessels and the fuel cell; and
a circulation route (C) to circulate the heat exchange medium between the fuel cell and the cooling device.

US Pat. No. 10,483,568

MODULE SYSTEM OF REDOX FLOW BATTERY

OCI Company Ltd., Seoul ...

1. A module system of a redox flow battery, comprising:a first redox flow battery module configured to circulate a first electrolytic solution independently therethrough;
a second redox flow battery module configured to circulate a second electrolytic solution independently therethrough;
a first storage tank configured to store the electrolytic solution of the first redox flow battery module;
a second storage tank configured to store the first second electrolytic solution of the second redox flow battery module;
a first main pipe set connecting the first redox flow battery module fluidically to the first storage tank, the first main pipe set including a first main pipe and a second main pipe, the first main pipe configured to supply the first electrolytic solution in the first storage tank to the first redox flow battery module, the second main pipe configured to supply the first electrolytic solution in the first redox flow battery module to the first storage tank; and
a first transfer pipe and a first equilibrium pipe which are configured to allow for fluid communication between the first electrolytic solution of the first redox flow battery module and the second electrolytic solution of the second redox flow battery module,
wherein the second main pipe has a diameter greater than that of the first transfer pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,483,565

FUEL CELL DEVICE, AUTOMOBILE WITH A FUEL CELL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A FUEL CELL DEVICE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A fuel cell device for an automobile comprising:a first pipe, wherein the first pipe connects a gas tank to a fuel cell, the gas tank configured to store liquefied gas;
a second pipe having an open end and connected to the fuel cell; and
a pressure regulator,
wherein the fuel cell is arranged to be driven by evaporated liquefied gas from the gas tank, and wherein the pressure regulator is arranged to control the evaporation of the liquefied gas, and
wherein, at a parking mode or an idle mode, the pressure regulator is configured to supply the evaporated liquefied gas from the gas tank to the fuel cell when a pressure of the evaporated liquefied gas in the gas tank is higher than or equal to a predetermined pressure value, and not to supply the evaporated liquefied gas from the gas tank to the fuel cell when the pressure of the evaporated liquefied gas in the gas tank is lower than the predetermined pressure value.

US Pat. No. 10,483,562

SYSTEM FOR REBALANCING A PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL IN AN ANODE EXHAUST SYSTEM OF A FUEL CELL WITH A RELATIONAL WATER SEAL

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC., D...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:at least one fuel cell module including:
a fuel cell assembly having one or more fuel cells arranged in a stack configuration;
an anode inlet manifold;
an anode outlet manifold having a first pressure;
a cathode inlet manifold having a second pressure; and
a cathode outlet manifold; and
at least one relational water seal configured to limit a magnitude of a pressure differential in the fuel cell system in an anode under-pressurization situation in which the second pressure exceeds the first pressure by at least a first predetermined amount;
wherein the at least one relational water seal comprises a first relational water seal and a second relational water seal that operate independently of one another;
wherein the first relational water seal is configured to limit a magnitude of a pressure differential in the fuel cell system in an anode over-pressurization situation in which the first pressure exceeds the second pressure by at least a second predetermined amount; and
wherein the second relational water seal is configured to limit the magnitude of the pressure differential in the fuel cell system in the anode under-pressurization situation in which the second pressure exceeds the first pressure by at least the first predetermined amount.

US Pat. No. 10,483,556

FUEL CELL ELECTRODE AND FUEL CELL USING THE SAME

Tsinghua University, Bei...

1. A fuel cell electrode, comprising:a porous metal structure; and
a carbon nanotube structure comprising a plurality of carbon nanotubes, the carbon nanotube structure is fixed on a surface of the porous metal structure, wherein the porous metal structure and the carbon nanotube structure are shrunk together to form a plurality of wrinkled parts.

US Pat. No. 10,483,551

ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE, FUEL CELL INCLUDING SAME, BATTERY MODULE INCLUDING FUEL CELL, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. An electrolyte membrane which comprises a lanthanum-gallium-based composite metal oxide, and has a color region of 0.39?x?0.40 and 0.35?y?0.36 based on the CIE (Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage) x, y chromaticity distribution table,wherein the electrolyte membrane manufactured by a method comprising:
preparing a mixture comprising a precursor of a lanthanum-gallium-based composite metal oxide comprising evaporating moisture and heating to induce a combustion reaction;
warming the mixture to a temperature of 800° C. or more and less than 950° C., thereby synthesizing the precursor in the mixture into lanthanum-gallium-based composite metal oxide particles; and
forming the electrolyte membrane by using a slurry comprising the lanthanum-gallium-based composite metal oxide particles,
the synthesized composite metal oxide particles comprise lanthanum-gallium-based composite metal oxide particles which are represented by the following Chemical Formula 1, and secondary phase particles,
a content of the secondary phase particles is 5 wt % or more and 30 wt % or less based on the total weight of the synthesized composite metal oxide particles,
wherein the lanthanum-gallium-based composite metal oxide of the electrolyte membrane is represented by the following Chemical Formula 1:
La1-xQxGa1-yZyO3-?  [Chemical Formula 1]
in Chemical Formula 1,
Q is strontium, Z is magnesium, and 0

US Pat. No. 10,483,545

BINDER FOR BATTERY ELECTRODES, AND ELECTRODE AND BATTERY USING SAME

OSAKA SODA CO., LTD., Os...

1. A battery electrode binder comprising a polymer comprising:(I) structural units derived from a hydroxyl group-containing (meth)acrylate monomer (A) represented by the general formula,

wherein R1 is hydrogen or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, R2 and R3 each is hydrogen or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and n is an integer of 1 to 30,
(II) structural units derived from a polyfunctional (meth) acrylate monomer (B), and
(III) structural units derived from a reactive surface active agent (C) which is at least one selected from a reactive anionic surface active agent, a reactive nonionic surface active agent, a reactive cationic surface active agent and a reactive amphoteric surface active agent,
wherein the reactive nonionic surface active agent is at least one selected from polyoxyalkylene alkenyl ether, polyoxyethylene alkyl propenylphenyl ether and ?-hydro-?-(1-alkoxymethyl-2-(2-propenyloxy)ethoxy)-poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), and
the monomers used in the polymer do not have a carbon-carbon double bond including an aromatic carbon-carbon double bond and a carbon-carbon triple bond, other than ethylenically unsaturated double bonds contained in the (meth)acrylic group.

US Pat. No. 10,483,543

LITHIUM ION CELL HAVING IMPROVED AGEING BEHAVIOR

VARTA Microbattery GmbH, ...

1. A method of producing an electrochemical cell comprising combiningat least one positive electrode containing a metal compound capable of reversibly incorporating and releasing lithium in the form of ions,
at least one negative electrode containing a carbon compound capable of reversibly incorporating or releasing lithium in the form of ions, and a metal or semimetal that can be alloyed with lithium, and
an electrolyte to form an electrochemical cell comprising a composite of flat electrodes and a separator impregnated with the electrolyte, and subsequently subjected to a complete charge/discharge cycle, wherein
the capacity of the at least one negative electrode for taking up lithium is dimensioned to a size exceeding a corresponding capacity of the at least one positive electrode at least by a factor of 1.2,
lithium is introduced into the electrochemical cell such that an amount of mobile lithium contained in the cell available for incorporation and releasing processes in the electrodes exceeds, after formation, the capacity of the at least one positive electrode for taking up lithium at least by a factor of 1.1,
the at least one negative electrode in terms of its capacity for taking up lithium is dimensioned to a size sufficient to be capable of taking up the entire mobile lithium contained in the cell after formation, and
the lithium is introduced at least partially into the electrochemical cell via the at least one negative electrode by pre-lithiating the at least one negative electrode prior to combination with the at least one positive electrode or by applying metallic lithium on a surface of the at least one negative electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,483,537

POSITIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

ECOPRO BM CO., LTD., Che...

1. A method for producing a positive active material comprising LiAlO2 in a surface and being given in Formula 1 that is Li1+aNibM1cM2dO2, comprising:preparing the positive active material;
preparing a washing solution in uniform temperature;
agitating the positive active material in the washing solution;
drying the washed positive active material; and
mixedly agitating the positive active material with a compound including Al,
where
0.95?b?0.75,
a+b+c=1,
M1 is one or more selected from a group of Co, B, Ba, Cr, F, Li, Mo, P, Sr, Ti, and Zr, and
M2 is one or more selected from a group of Mn, Al, B, Ba, Cr, F, Li, Mo, P, Sr, Ti, and Zr.

US Pat. No. 10,483,536

PRODUCTION METHOD OF LITHIUM-CONTAINING COMPOSITE OXIDE AND LITHIUM-CONTAINING COMPOSITE OXIDE

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL CO., LT...

1. A lithium-containing composite oxide represented by Formula 5-B,wherein a peak intensity ratio (I003/I104) of an integral value (I003) of a diffraction peak of the (003) plane and an integral value (I104) of a diffraction peak of the (104) plane in an X-ray diffraction pattern is from 1.18 to 1.35, and a crystallite size of the (110) plane in the X-ray diffraction pattern is less than 30 nm; and
wherein Formula 5-B is:
Li?2Nix2Mny2Coz2Mea2Ob2 . . . ,
wherein Me represents at least one type of element selected from the group consisting of Mg, Ca, Al, Ti, V, Cr, Nb, Mo, W, and Zr, and wherein ?2, x2, y2, z2, a2, and b2 satisfy the relations of 1.02??2?1.2, 0.3

US Pat. No. 10,483,528

NEGATIVE-ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

SANYO Electronics Co., Lt...

1. A negative-electrode active material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, comprising:a base particle, which includes
a lithium silicate phase represented by Li2zSiO(2+z) {0 silicon particles dispersed in the lithium silicate phase,
wherein a symmetry determined by an image analysis of a backscattered electron image of a cross section of the base particle is 1.5 or less, and
the symmetry refers to a ratio (b/a) of a half width at half maximum b of a peak on a high-gray-scale side to a half width at half maximum a of the peak on a low-gray-scale side in a histogram of color distinction based on 256 gray levels for each pixel of the backscattered electron image,
wherein a half-width of a diffraction peak attributed to a (111) plane in an XRD pattern obtained by XRD measurement of the Li2Si2O5 lithium silicate phase is in a range from 0.431° to 0.55°,
wherein the negative-electrode active material for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery after charging and discharging contains no Li4SiO4.

US Pat. No. 10,483,526

POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY, AND BATTERY PACK

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A nonaqueous electrolyte battery comprising:a positive electrode comprising a positive electrode active material;
a negative electrode; and
a nonaqueous electrolyte,
wherein the positive electrode active material comprises positive electrode active material primary particles which have an olivine structure, are represented by LiMn1?x?yFexMyPO4 where 0?x?0.5, 0?y?0.2 where M is at least one element selected from the group consisting of Mg, Ni, Co, Sn, and Nb, and satisfy Formula (1) below:
? wherein the positive electrode active material primary particles comprise a surface portion, ? is a ratio of Fe in LiMn1???yFe?MyPO4 which is a composition of the surface portion of the positive electrode active material primary particles, and ? is a ratio of Fe in LiMn1???yFe?MyPO4 which is a composition of a central portion of the positive electrode active material primary particles,
wherein the composition of the surface portion of the positive electrode active material primary particles is a composition of a portion having a thickness of 1 to 10 nm from a surface of a cross section of the positive electrode active material primary particle, and the composition of the central portion of the positive electrode active material primary particles is a composition of a peripheral portion within a range of 1 to 10 nm from a center of gravity of the cross section of the same positive electrode active material primary particle,
wherein an average diameter of the positive electrode active material primary particles is from 0.01 to 1 ?m,
and wherein the negative electrode comprises a negative electrode active material comprising at least one oxide selected from the group consisting of titanium dioxide having a monoclinic system structure and a niobium titanium oxide.

US Pat. No. 10,483,524

NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE BATTERY AND BATTERY PACK

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A nonaqueous electrolyte battery, comprising:a positive electrode;
a negative electrode;
a separator sandwiched between the positive electrode and the negative electrode; and
a nonaqueous electrolyte,
wherein:
the negative electrode comprises a spinel-type lithium-titanium composite oxide as a negative electrode active material, Li4+xTi5O12 where 0?x?3, having a Li-absorbing potential of 1 V vs. Li/Li+ or more;
an electrical resistance of the negative electrode in a discharged state is within a range of 100 ?·cm to 100000 ?·cm;
a pore volume ratio of pores having a pore diameter of 1 ?m or more in the separator is within a range of more than 70% to not more than 78%, the pore volume ratio being determined from a cumulative pore volume frequency curve of the separator according to a mercury intrusion porosimetry; and
a mode diameter in a pore diameter distribution curve of the separator according to the mercury intrusion porosimetry is within a range of 1.1 ?m to 2.6 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,483,522

LITHIUM-ION SECONDARY BATTERY

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

9. A secondary battery comprising:a positive electrode;
a negative electrode comprising a negative electrode current collector;
a separator between the positive electrode and the negative electrode; and
a spacer between the separator and the negative electrode,
wherein the negative electrode does not contain an active material layer,
wherein the spacer has a spherical shape,
wherein a material of the spacer is a polymer,
wherein the negative electrode current collector is in direct contact with the spacer, and
wherein each of the positive electrode, the negative electrode, the separator and the spacer has flexibility.

US Pat. No. 10,483,521

SEALED BATTERY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF SEALED BATTERY

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A sealed battery comprising:a battery outer case in which an electrode body is accommodated;
a collector terminal electrically connected to the electrode body inside the battery outer case;
an outwardly exposed terminal electrically connected to the collector terminal inside the battery outer case and partially exposed outside the battery outer case; and
a current shut-off mechanism placed on a conductive path from the collector terminal to the outwardly exposed terminal and configured to cut off the conductive path when an internal pressure of the battery outer case exceeds a predetermined pressure, wherein:
the current shut-off mechanism includes a connection plate as a plate-shaped conductive member provided in one end of the collector terminal, the connection plate with a vent hole provided in a central part of the connection plate, and a shut-off valve including a reversing portion electrically connected to the outwardly exposed terminal;
a joint region is in a peripheral portion in the connection plate, the peripheral portion defining the vent hole of the connection plate;
the joint region is in contact with a surface of the reversing portion, the surface facing an inner side of the battery outer case;
a thermal-spray joint portion is provided so as to cover a border between the joint region and the reversing portion; and
the shut-off valve is joined to the connection plate via the thermal-spray joint portion.

US Pat. No. 10,483,517

BUS BAR ASSEMBLY STRUCTURE AND BATTERY MODULE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA J...

1. A bus bar assembly structure comprising:an electrode terminal; and
a plate-shaped bus bar that is assembled to the electrode terminal, wherein
the bus bar includes a flat portion having an insertion hole through which the electrode terminal is inserted, and a bent portion that protrudes from one side of the flat portion,
the electrode terminal includes an externally threaded fastener that includes a shaft portion to be inserted through the insertion hole, and an internally threaded fastener that has a threaded portion in an inner peripheral side thereof to be screwed on a tip of the shaft portion extending out from the insertion hole,
the bus bar has a burr along an edge of one of openings of the insertion hole,
the internally threaded fastener has a tapered portion at an edge of one of openings of the threaded portion, and the tapered portion has a largest diameter that is greater than a bore diameter of the insertion hole, and
the flat portion of the bus bar is held between the externally threaded fastener and the internally threaded fastener while the burr is located within a space created by the tapered portion.

US Pat. No. 10,483,516

ELECTRICITY STORAGE MODULE AND ELECTRICITY STORAGE PACK

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. An electricity storage module unit that is provided with an electricity storage module that includes a plurality of electricity storage elements, the electricity storage module unit comprising:a wiring member that is connected to the electricity storage module;
a wiring connection part that connects the wiring member to the wiring member of another electricity storage module unit or to an external electrical component; and
a unit base plate that is a base plate on which the electricity storage module is mounted, and that has a plurality of routing grooves that allow the wiring member to be routed such that a direction in which the wiring member is routed is changeable.

US Pat. No. 10,483,515

POWER STORAGE DEVICE, POWER STORAGE SYSTEM, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, ELECTRIC VEHICLE, AND POWER SYSTEM

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A power storage device, comprising:a plurality of battery block groups, wherein each of the plurality of battery block groups comprising a plurality of battery blocks, wherein each of the plurality of battery blocks comprising a plurality of battery cells, wherein the plurality of battery cells in each of the plurality of battery blocks are arranged in a first direction, wherein the plurality of battery blocks in each of the plurality of battery block groups are arranged in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction,
wherein the plurality of battery cells in each of the plurality of battery blocks is in a corresponding straight line, and
wherein the plurality of battery cells in each of the plurality of battery blocks are interconnected in parallel; and
a connection terminal electrically connected to terminal faces of the plurality of battery cells of a first battery block of the plurality of battery blocks,
wherein adjacent battery blocks of the plurality of battery blocks are in a straw bag arrangement,
wherein a first cut out is formed from an edge of the connection terminal in a third direction perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the connection terminal,
wherein at least one second cut out is connected to the first cut out and is extended along the longitudinal direction of the connection terminal,
wherein the longitudinal direction of the connection terminal is substantially same as the first direction, and
wherein a position of the first cut out corresponds to a boundary between adjacent battery cells of the plurality of battery cells connected in parallel.

US Pat. No. 10,483,512

BATTERY PACK

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A battery pack comprising:plural chargeable-dischargeable single cells arranged in a specified direction, wherein each of the plural single cells includes:
an electrode body including a positive electrode and a negative electrode; and
a box-shaped battery case accommodating the electrode body and an electrolyte,
wherein the battery case has a flat surface that is a surface perpendicular to a thickness direction of the battery case, and a lateral wall surface that is a surface parallel to the thickness direction and wherein the lateral wall surface extends from the flat surface,
wherein the battery case has a gas discharge valve formed in the flat surface,
two adjacent single cells of the plural single cells in the battery pack are provided with gas discharge valves in mutually opposing surfaces of the battery cases, each of the gas discharge valves discharging gas that is produced in the battery case, and
in the battery cases provided in the two adjacent single cells, the gas discharge valves that are provided in the mutually opposing surfaces are disposed at positions that do not overlap each other when seen in an arrangement direction of the single cells.

US Pat. No. 10,483,509

ENERGY STORAGE APPARATUS, MOVING BODY, AND ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM

BLUE ENERGY CO., LTD., K...

1. An energy storage apparatus comprising:an energy storage device including a surface having a first end face from which an external terminal protrudes and a second end face on an opposite side from the first end face; and
a retaining member that includes paired end portions disposed on opposite sides of the energy storage device in a second direction orthogonal to a first direction in which the external terminal protrudes and a coupling portion for coupling the paired end portions and that retains the energy storage device,
wherein the coupling portion includes
a main body portion facing the energy storage device in a third direction orthogonal to the first direction and the second direction,
a first extending portion extending along the first end face from the main body portion, and
an end extending portion extending along the end portion from the main body portion,
a drain portion is provided to a position of the energy storage apparatus near the second end face, and
the main body portion, the first extending portion, and the end extending portion are continuously connected to each other to thereby form first end corner portions of the coupling portion;
the energy storage apparatus further comprising an insulating member for covering at least a face of the coupling portion facing the energy storage device,
wherein the coupling portion has a second extending portion extending along the second end face from the main body portion,
the insulating member has a convex part positioned astride the main body portion and the second extending portion between each of the end portions and the energy storage device adjacent to the end portion, and
the drain portion is disposed on an outer side of the convex portion in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,483,508

WIRING MODULE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A wiring module to be attached to a power storage element group in which a plurality of power storage elements having positive and negative electrode terminals are aligned in a first direction, the wiring module configured to be attached from a second direction orthogonal to the first direction, comprising:connection members to be connected to the electrode terminals; and
a plurality of holding units that are coupled in the first direction and hold the connection members,
wherein the holding units are each provided with:
a locking portion that locks and couples a holding unit adjacent to the holding unit, and
a locked portion that is locked to the locking portion of a holding unit adjacent to the holding unit, and
a plurality of at least one of the locking portions and the locked portions are provided in alignment in the first direction in the holding unit and are configured such that an interval between the adjacent holding units can be changed in a stepwise manner, wherein the locking portion of the holding unit is configured to lock with the locked portion of an adjacent holding unit at a first set interval of a plurality of set intervals so that a distance taken in the first direction between the holding unit and the adjacent holding unit is kept constant and maintained at a predetermined length that corresponds to the first set interval.

US Pat. No. 10,483,506

BATTERY PACK

1. A battery pack, comprising:a housing of a plastic material, the housing including a mechanical interface for mechanically coupling the battery pack to a corresponding mechanical interface of a power tool in a first direction,
the housing mechanical interface including a rail, a groove and a sliding surface, the housing rail and the housing sliding surface being opposed to each other on opposing sides of the housing groove,
the housing mechanical interface configured to receive a power tool rail in the housing groove between the housing rail and the housing sliding surface, and
a bracket partially encased within the housing plastic material, the bracket comprising a first portion positioned within the housing mechanical interface rail, the first portion including a wear surface positioned at a lower surface of the housing mechanical interface rail and exposed to the housing mechanical interface groove.

US Pat. No. 10,483,502

BATTERY CELL HAVING ANTI-WRINKLE MEMBER

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. A battery cell configured to have a structure in which an electrode assembly is mounted in a cell case in the state in which the electrode assembly is impregnated with an electrolyte, whereinthe electrode assembly and the cell case are deformable in response to a shape of a device in which the battery cell is mounted, and
anti-wrinkle members, for preventing wrinkles from being formed in the cell case when the cell case is deformed, are added to at least portions of inner surfaces of the cell case facing outermost electrodes of the electrode assembly,
wherein each of the anti-wrinkle members has a reticular structure, and
wherein the reticular structure comprises a plurality of fibers woven in the shape of a net.

US Pat. No. 10,483,501

SECONDARY BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A secondary battery, comprising:an electrode assembly including a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate, and a separator between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate;
a can housing the electrode assembly, the can having a long axis and a short axis, and an opening at a side thereof through which the electrode assembly is inserted; and
a cap plate that seals the opening of the can,
wherein the can includes:
a first side surface and a second side surface that face each other and extend in a first direction of the short axis of the can, the first side surface and the second side surface each having a first thickness in a second direction of the long axis of the can,
a third side surface and a fourth side surface that face each other and extend along the second direction of the long axis of the can, the third side surface and the fourth side surface each having a second thickness, the first thickness being greater than the second thickness in the first direction, and
a bottom surface that is located opposite the opening of the can and contacts the first through fourth side surfaces, the bottom surface having a third thickness in a third direction perpendicular to the first direction and the second direction, the first direction, the second direction, and the third direction being orthogonal to each other, wherein the third thickness of the bottom surface is greater than either of the first thickness and the second thickness, wherein:
the can further includes a second connection part where the bottom surface is connected to the first side surface and the second side surface, and a third connection part where the bottom surface is connected to the third side surface and the fourth side surface, and
a thickness of the second connection part and a thickness of the third connection part increase or decrease in a continuous manner in the third direction, and wherein:
the thickness of the second connection part and the thickness of the third connection part are straightly tapered in an inner side of the can along the short and long axes, respectively, in the third direction.

US Pat. No. 10,483,500

BATTERY MODULE AND BATTERY PACK INCLUDING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery module comprising:a plurality of battery cells;
at least one cell cartridge configured to guide stacking of the plurality of battery cells and to mount therein at least one battery cell among the plurality of battery cells; and
a sheet member provided between the battery cell and the cell cartridge,
wherein the sheet member is adhered with a first double sided adhesive tape or adhesive agent to the battery cell on a surface where the sheet member contacts the battery cell and is adhered with a second double sided adhesive tape or adhesive agent to the cell cartridge on a surface where the sheet member contacts the cell cartridge, to fix the battery cell and the cell cartridge to each other via the sheet member.

US Pat. No. 10,483,494

ENCAPSULATION STRUCTURE FOR TRANSPARENT FLEXIBLE ORGANIC ELECTRONIC DEVICE

KOREA ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. An encapsulation structure for a transparent flexible organic electronic device, the encapsulation structure comprising:a flexible substrate;
at least one hybrid unit structure provided on at least one surface of the flexible substrate and comprising a zinc oxide thin film, an aluminum oxide thin film, and a magnesium oxide thin film stacked on one another,
wherein, in the at least one hybrid unit structure, the zinc oxide thin film, the aluminum oxide thin film, and the magnesium oxide thin film individually have pinholes, and have a pinhole decoupling structure in which the pinholes of adjacent thin films among the zinc oxide thin film, the aluminum oxide thin film, and the magnesium oxide thin film are misaligned.

US Pat. No. 10,483,491

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A method of manufacturing a display apparatus, the method comprising:forming a plurality of display units over a mother substrate;
attaching a temporary protective film to a lower surface of the mother substrate;
cutting the mother substrate and the temporary protective film along a periphery of each of the plurality of display units to obtain a plurality of display panels, a display panel, of the plurality of display panels, comprising a substrate divided into a first area, a second area, and a bent area between the first area and the second area, a corresponding one of the plurality of display units being formed on the substrate in the first area, and a corresponding portion of the temporary protective film being attached to a lower surface of the substrate;
removing the corresponding portion of the temporary protective film from the lower surface of the substrate;
attaching a lower protective film to the lower surface of the substrate to correspond to the first area;
bending the display panel in the bent area around a bending axis that crosses a virtual straight line connecting a center of the first area and a center of the second area so that a portion of the lower surface of the substrate in the first area and a portion of the lower surface of the substrate in the second area face each other and the corresponding one of the plurality of display units faces up;
inserting a support layer between the lower protective film in the first area and the lower surface of the substrate in the second area;
adhering a first surface of the support layer to the lower protective film in the first area; and
directly adhering a second surface of the support layer opposite the first surface to the lower surface of the substrate in the second area without the lower protective film, such that a part of an upper surface of the display panel in the bent area protrudes past a first virtual plane including the upper surface of the display panel within the first area, in a direction toward the corresponding one of the plurality of display units.

US Pat. No. 10,483,489

INTEGRATED CIRCULAR POLARIZER AND PERMEATION BARRIER FOR FLEXIBLE OLEDS

Universal Display Corpora...

1. An optical system for an organic light emitting device, the optical system comprising:a first layer comprising a birefringent material;
a polarizer layer; and
a transparent first permeation barrier disposed between the first layer and the polarizer layer, wherein the first permeation barrier has a permeation not greater than 10?4 g/cm/day.

US Pat. No. 10,483,488

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT

TORAY INDUSTRIES, INC., ...

1. An organic light-emitting element, comprising a substrate, a first electrode, one layer or more of organic film including a light-emitting layer, and a second electrode element; the light-emitting element comprising a covering layer; the covering layer containing an organic material; at least one point in the wavelength range between 430 nm and 460 nm the attenuation coefficient being greater than 0.10 while in the wavelength range of 460 nm to 500 nm its attenuation coefficient being 0.10 or below.

US Pat. No. 10,483,475

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

6. A display device, comprising:a plurality of sub pixels;
a plurality of first electrodes, the sub pixel having the plurality of first electrodes;
a plurality of second electrodes, the second electrode being provided commonly for at least one row pixel group, the row pixel group including sub pixels arrayed in a line in a first direction among the plurality of sub pixels, the plurality of second electrodes being arrayed in a second direction crossing the first direction;
a light emitting layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the sub pixel having the light emitting layer;
a plurality of third electrodes facing the second electrodes, the third electrodes and the second electrodes forming capacitances, the third electrodes being connected with a plurality of output terminals respectively; and
a controller controlling a signal to be supplied to the first electrode and a signal to be supplied to the second electrode;
wherein the sub pixel includes a driving transistor, a pixel selection transistor, and a capacitance element, and
the controller:
controls such that the row pixel groups are sequentially and repeatedly put into:
an initialization period in which a potential of at least one of the source electrode, the drain electrode and the gate electrode of the driving transistor is initialized;
a writing period in which a charge in accordance with a video signal supplied to the gate electrode of the driving transistor via the source line is stored on the capacitance element; and
a light emission period in which the light emitting layer emits light at a light emission intensity in accordance with the video signal; and
controls such that the initialization period, the writing period and the light emission period provided for the row pixel group of a first row is subsequently provided for the row pixel group of a second row adjacent to the first row;
alternately repeats:
a first sub frame in which, among the row pixel groups including the plurality of sub pixels, one half of the row pixel groups are in the initialization period and the writing period, and the other half of the row pixel groups are in the light emission period; and
a second sub frame in which the one half of the row pixel groups are in the light emission period, and the other half of the row pixel groups are in the initialization period and the writing period; and
supplies the touch sensor driving signal for the touch sensor to the second electrode for the row pixel groups in at least one of the initialization period, the writing period and the light emission period.

US Pat. No. 10,483,457

DIFFERENTIAL SPIN ORBIT TORQUE MAGNETIC RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY (SOT-MRAM) CELL STRUCTURE AND ARRAY

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A differential magnetoresistive random access memory (MRAM) comprising:a first magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) storage element comprising a first fixed layer, a first insulating layer, and a first free layer, and a second MTJ storage element comprising a second fixed layer, a second insulating layer, and a second free layer; and
a conductive layer connected to a source line, first bit line, and a second bit line, wherein the first MTJ storage element is disposed above and connected to the conductive layer and the first bit line at a first end and connected to the first bit line at a second end, and wherein the second MTJ storage element is disposed above and connected to the conductive layer and the second bit line at a first end and connected to the second bit line at a second end.

US Pat. No. 10,483,451

VIBRATION DEVICE

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. A vibration device, comprising:a housing having accommodating space, the housing comprises a pair of first side walls and a pair of second side walls,
a vibrator accommodated in the accommodating space,
a stator accommodated in the accommodating space, and
an elastic member, configured to suspend the vibrator in the accommodating space, the elastic member further comprises a sheet-like spring arranged perpendicular to a vibrating direction of the vibrator,
wherein one of the vibrator and the stator comprises a magnetic circuit unit, and the other one of the vibrator and the stator comprises a coil,
wherein, the pair of first side walls are symmetrically arranged along a long axis direction of the housing, and the pair of second side walls are symmetrically arranged in a short axis direction of the housing, and the spring comprises a first fixing portion fixedly connected with the housing, a second fixing portion fixedly connected with the vibrator, and an N-shaped connecting portion which connects the first fixing portion with the second fixing portion and extends along the short axis direction,
wherein a pair of N-shaped connecting portions is provided and arranged in axial symmetry with respect to a central axis OO? of the first fixing portion,
wherein a pair of the second fixing portions is provided and arranged in axial symmetry with respect to the central axis OO? of the first fixing portion.

US Pat. No. 10,483,446

ELECTRONIC DEVICE

OSRAM Opto Semiconductors...

13. An electronic device comprising a carrier and a semiconductor chip,wherein the carrier comprises a first dielectric layer and a second dielectric layer,
a thermal conductivity of the first dielectric layer exceeds a thermal conductivity of the second dielectric layer,
the second dielectric layer is arranged on the first dielectric layer and partially covers the first dielectric layer,
the semiconductor chip is arranged on the carrier in a mounting area in which the first dielectric layer is not covered by the second dielectric layer,
the carrier comprises a solder terminal for electrical contacting arranged on the second dielectric layer,
the carrier comprises a contact layer arranged on the second dielectric layer,
the carrier comprises a covering layer directly adjoining the contact layer and partially covering the contact layer,
and the solder terminal is provided by a region of the contact layer which is not covered by the covering layer.

US Pat. No. 10,483,443

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Toshiba Hokuto Electronic...

1. A light emitting device comprising:a first light transmissive supportive substrate that comprises a first light transmissive insulator and a first conductive circuitry layer provided on a surface of the first light transmissive insulator;
a second light transmissive supportive substrate which comprises a second light transmissive insulator, and which is disposed so as to have a predetermined gap from the first light transmissive supportive substrate;
a light emitting diode which comprises a light emitting diode main body, and first and second electrodes, the first electrode electrically connecting the light emitting diode main body to the first conductive circuitry layer via a first conductive bump, the light emitting diode is between the first light transmissive supportive substrate and the second light transmissive supportive substrate; and
a third light transmissive insulator formed in a space between the first light transmissive supportive substrate and the second light transmissive supportive substrate,
wherein the first light transmissive supportive substrate, the second light transmissive supportive substrate and the third light transmissive insulator have flexibility,
a height of the first conductive bump is a height at which the first electrode or a semiconductor layer of the light emitting diode main body does not contact the first conductive circuitry layer when the light emitting device is bent with a radius of 50 mm, and the height of the first conductive bump is in the range of from 5 ?m to 50 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,483,439

OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICE WITH SILICON SLICE COVER ARRANGED DOWNSTREAM OF A CONVERSION ELEMENT

OSRAM Opto Semiconductors...

1. An optoelectronic device, comprising:a radiation-emitting semiconductor chip, wherein the emitted radiation is infrared radiation having a wavelength of <1100 nm;
a conversion element comprising a quantum dot converter material suitable for converting at least part of the emitted radiation into converted radiation, wherein the converted radiation from the quantum dot converter material is infrared radiation having a wavelength of >1200 nm; and
a cover which is substantially transmissive for the converted radiation and which is arranged downstream of the conversion element in a main emission direction,
wherein the conversion element is arranged on an inner side of the cover facing the semiconductor chip,
wherein the cover comprises silicon or is a silicon slice comprising an absorption edge, which lies at around 1100 nm, and
wherein the cover effectively suppresses the emitted radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,483,429

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SOLAR CELL

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A method of manufacturing a solar cell comprising:providing an insulating layer on a semiconductor layer provided on at least a part of a principle surface of a semiconductor substrate;
providing a first mask layer on the insulating layer;
removing a part of the first mask layer by a first laser irradiation so as to form a first opening;
removing, by a first etching agent, the insulating layer exposed through the first opening so as to form a second opening through which the semiconductor layer is exposed;
removing, by a second etching agent, the semiconductor layer exposed through the second opening so as to form a third opening through which the semiconductor substrate is exposed;
removing the first mask layer by a third etching agent;
providing a second mask layer on the semiconductor substrate exposed through the third opening and on the insulating layer;
removing a part of the second mask layer located on the insulating layer by a second laser irradiation so as to form a fourth opening through which the insulating layer is exposed; and
removing, by a fourth etching agent, the insulating layer exposed through the fourth opening so as to form a fifth opening through which the semiconductor layer is exposed.

US Pat. No. 10,483,425

OPTICAL SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENT PACKAGE AND OPTICAL SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Kyocera Corporation, Kyo...

1. An optical semiconductor component package, comprising:a plate-like base having a first surface including a mount area in which an optical semiconductor component is mountable;
a frame located on the first surface and surrounding the mount area;
a plate-like lid bonded to the frame and covering the mount area; and
a light absorbing member located on a second surface of the lid facing the mount area, the light absorbing member having a plurality of recesses on a surface thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,483,418

PRIMER FOR SOLAR CELL MODULE AND SOLAR CELL MODULE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA J...

1. A primer for a solar cell module, comprising:40 to 95 parts by mass of a polymerizable ester including at least one of an acryloyl group and a methacryloyl group;
5 to 60 parts by mass of an adhesion promoter including a functional group that is improvable in adhesion to an acrylic resin or a methacrylic resin, and an alkoxysilyl group; and
a polymerization initiator for initiating polymerization of the polymerizable ester, the content of which being 0.1 to 10 parts by mass based on 100 parts by mass as a total of the polymerizable ester and the adhesion promoter.

US Pat. No. 10,483,413

PHOTOELECTRIC MODULE AND OPTICAL DEVICE

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A photoelectric module, comprising:an optical device including an optical function element array made of a first base material, and a plurality of light emitting/receiving elements made of a second base material,
wherein the optical function element array includes an optical substrate and a plurality of optical function elements, the optical substrate having a first surface and a second surface, and the optical function elements being integrated with the optical substrate and being arranged one-dimensionally or two-dimensionally, and
the light emitting/receiving elements and their respective optical function elements face each other with the optical substrate in between to be located on a same axis in a direction perpendicular to the optical substrate, and the light emitting/receiving elements are disposed on the second surface with a space in between while being separated in units of a smaller number than array number in the optical function element array; and
a plurality of front end circuits, wherein wiring lengths between the light emitting/receiving elements and their respective front end circuits are substantially equal.

US Pat. No. 10,483,404

THIN FILM TRANSISTOR WITH MULTIPLE OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR LAYERS

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

2. A semiconductor device comprising:a first oxide semiconductor layer comprising indium and gallium;
a second oxide semiconductor layer comprising indium and gallium over the first oxide semiconductor layer;
a third oxide semiconductor layer comprising indium and gallium over the second oxide semiconductor layer;
a first insulating layer over the third oxide semiconductor layer;
a gate electrode over the first insulating layer, and
a second insulating layer in contact with a side surface of the gate electrode,
wherein a content of the gallium in the first oxide semiconductor layer is higher than a content of the indium in the first oxide semiconductor layer,
wherein a content of the indium in the second oxide semiconductor layer is higher than a content of the gallium in the second oxide semiconductor layer,
wherein a content of the gallium in the third oxide semiconductor layer is higher than a content of the indium in the third oxide semiconductor layer,
wherein a proportion of the indium to the gallium in the first oxide semiconductor layer is lower than a proportion of the indium to the gallium in the third oxide semiconductor layer, and
wherein the second oxide semiconductor layer comprises a region which is not overlapped with the gate electrode and the second insulating layer and comprises at least one of nitrogen, argon, and aluminum.

US Pat. No. 10,483,403

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, POWER DIODE, AND RECTIFIER

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a gate electrode;
a gate insulating layer over the gate electrode;
an oxide semiconductor layer over the gate insulating layer;
a first layer comprising indium and zinc over and in contact with the oxide semiconductor layer; and
a second layer over and in contact with the first layer,
wherein an end portion of the first layer protrudes from an end portion of the second layer in a channel length direction,
wherein the oxide semiconductor layer comprises indium, gallium, and zinc, and
wherein at least a part of the oxide semiconductor layer has c-axis alignment.

US Pat. No. 10,483,395

METHOD FOR FABRICATING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

UNITED MICROELECTRONICS C...

1. A method for fabricating semiconductor device, comprising:providing a substrate having a first region and a second region;
forming a first fin-shaped structure on the first region and a second fin-shaped structure on the second region;
forming a first liner on the first fin-shaped structure and the second fin-shaped structure;
forming a first buffer layer on the first liner;
removing the first buffer layer on the first region;
forming an insulating layer on the first fin-shaped structure and the second fin-shaped structure; and
performing a curing process to combine the first buffer layer and the insulating layer into one unit while the first liner is on the first fin-shaped structure and the second fin-shaped structure and a width of the first fin-shaped structure is different from a width of the second fin-shaped structure.

US Pat. No. 10,483,394

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a Fin FET device including:
a first fin structure disposed over a substrate;
an isolation insulating layer disposed over the substrate; and
a first source/drain stressor layer made of semiconductor material and disposed over the first fin structure, wherein:
an upper surface of the isolation insulating layer has a valley portion and a peak portion disposed between the valley portion and the first fin structure, and
a height Ha of an interface between the first fin structure and the first source/drain stressor layer measured from the substrate is greater than a height Hb of the valley portion measured from the substrate, and is less than a height Hc of the peak portion measured from the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,483,390

INSULATED GATE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. An insulated gate semiconductor device, comprising:a drift layer of a first conductivity type made of a semiconductor material having a wider bandgap than silicon, a top surface of the semiconductor material having an off-angle;
a base region of a second conductivity type made of said semiconductor material, disposed above the drift layer;
a first high-impurity region of the first conductivity type, embedded in a top of the base region and having a higher impurity density than the drift layer, wherein a trench is provided penetrating the first high-impurity region and the base region;
a gate insulating film disposed on side surfaces and a bottom surface of the trench;
an embedded gate electrode embedded inside the trench, with the gate insulating film being interposed between the trench and the embedded gate electrode;
a second high-impurity region of the first conductivity type made of said semiconductor material, disposed on a bottom surface side of the drift layer;
a gate bottom protection region of the second conductivity type, embedded in the drift layer at a bottom of the trench; and
a base bottom embedded region of the second conductivity type, embedded in the drift layer below the base region separately from the gate bottom protection region, and having a higher impurity density than the base region,
wherein a cross-section of the base bottom embedded region has a trapezoid-shaped portion on at least a bottom side of the base bottom embedded region, an upper base and a lower base of the trapezoid are parallel, and a virtual straight line that connects a midpoint of the upper base and a midpoint of the lower base is tilted from a line normal to the top surface of the drift layer towards a direction of the off-angle by a prescribed tilt angle, and
wherein a bottom surface of the base bottom embedded region is deeper than a bottom surface of the gate bottom protection region.

US Pat. No. 10,483,382

TUNNEL TRANSISTOR

International Business Ma...

1. A tunnel field-effect transistor device comprising:a semiconductor substrate including a first region, a second region, and a channel region between the first and second regions;
a first gate electrode operatively associated with the channel region;
a first gate dielectric layer between the first gate electrode and the channel region;
a first doped epitaxial source region on the first region of the semiconductor substrate and having a first conductivity type;
a doped epitaxial drain region on the second region of the semiconductor substrate and having a second conductivity type opposite from the first conductivity type;
a first source contact electrically connected to the first source region;
a drain contact electrically connected to the drain region, the first source contact and the drain contact comprising different electrically conductive materials;
a first source contact cap on the first source contact, the first source contact cap comprising a first dielectric material;
a drain contact cap on the drain contact, the drain contact cap comprising a second dielectric material different from the first dielectric material, and
a first gate cap over the first gate electrode, the first gate cap comprising a third dielectric material different from the first and second dielectric materials and further including: a second doped source region on the semiconductor substrate; a second source contact electrically connected to the second doped source region; a second source contact cap on the second source contact; a first recess within the first source contact cap; a second recess within the second source contact cap, and a source wiring strap extending within the first and second recesses and electrically connecting the first source contact and the second source contact.

US Pat. No. 10,483,380

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a source region having a first dopant;
a drain region having a second dopant, the first dopant being different from the second dopant;
a channel region between the source region and drain region, wherein the channel region is intrinsic;
a tunnel barrier layer between the drain region and the channel region, wherein a material of the tunnel barrier layer having a larger bandgap than the channel region; and
a gate stack disposed on the channel region.