US Pat. No. 10,428,953

C-SEAL BACKED BRUSH SEAL WITH A COMPRESSIBLE CORE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. An assembly, comprising:a first compressible core;
at least one wire wound around the first compressible core;
a backing plate that is substantially ‘c’ shaped or ‘u’ shaped that at least partially encases the at least one wire;
a second compressible core; and
a spacer that abuts the first compressible core and the second compressible core and separates the first compressible core from the second compressible core,
wherein the assembly is configured to be installed in a dove-tail slot, and
wherein the spacer is configured to be removed from the assembly prior to the assembly being installed in the dove-tail slot, and the spacer comprises a single thinner center section at a middle portion thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,428,952

MECHANICAL ROTARY HYDRAULICALLY COOLED SEAL, ROLLER SUPPORT, AND DRIVE FOR THERMAL KILN RETORTS

Pyrodyne Thermal, LLC, A...

1. A sealing system for sealing the junction of an end of a first static or rotary tube having a circumference to an end of a second rotary tube, the second tube having a circumference and attached to or functioning as a thermal unit, the sealing system comprising:at least one rotary flange attached continuously along the outer circumference of the junction end of the rotary tube or rotary tubes;
at least one plate continuous with the outer circumference of the junction end of the first and second tubes, said at least one plate comprising surfaces in coordination with said at least one rotary flange;
at least one roller mounted to said at least one plate, and said at least one roller in contact with said at least one rotary flange;
wherein said at least one rotary flange comprises an interior a surface in contact with said at least one roller wherein said at least one roller can roll as said at least one rotary flange rotates;
wherein said at least one plate at least partially surrounds said at least one rotary flange and said at least one roller; and
sealing material attached to said at least one plate, contacting said at least one rotary flange to create a sealed environment between said at least one plate and said at least one rotary flange continuous with the outer circumference of the junction end of the rotary tube or rotary tubes while said rotary flange rotates.

US Pat. No. 10,428,951

DUST PREVENTING SEAL AND CONSTRUCTION MACHINE HAVING THE SAME

DOOSAN INFRACORE CO., LTD...

1. A dust preventing seal comprising:an annular body installed at a locking portion between an arm and a bucket of a construction machine; and
first and second dust lips protruded from an outer surface of the annular body to an outside,
wherein the locking portion between the arm and the bucket has a V-shaped chamfer formed on outer surfaces of the arm and the bucker, and the annular body is received in the V-shaped chamfer,
wherein a distance between an end of the first dust lip and an end of the second dust lip measured along a radial direction of the annular body is less than a width of the V-shaped chamfer, and
wherein the annular body has a semi-circular cross section, a semi-circular inner surface configured to make contact with the arm and the bucket in the V-shaped chamfer, and a linear outer surface exposed to the outside.

US Pat. No. 10,428,950

VALVE PACKING ASSEMBLY HAVING SHAPE-MEMORY MEMBER

8. The packing assembly of claim 1, further comprising a guide sleeve for retaining the segments and the shape-memory member.

US Pat. No. 10,428,947

SEALING DEVICE

NOK Corporation, (JP)

1. A sealing device for sealing a machine interior from a machine exterior, comprising:a first metal ring hermetically fixed to a housing;
a second metal ring directly mated to the first metal ring;
a main lip bonded to the first metal ring and in close contact with, in a slidable manner, an outer peripheral surface of a rotating shaft inserted through an inner circumference of the housing, the main lip being located proximate the machine interior;
an annular elastic body bonded to the second metal ring on an outer side of the main lip, the annular elastic body extending axially away from the second metal ring and the main lip and being stretchable in an axial direction, and including a portion that extends radially inwardly toward the rotating shaft and is configured for receipt of a biasing means; and
a sliding ring provided at an end portion of the annular elastic body on a side opposite the second metal ring away from the machine interior and proximate the machine exterior, and in close contact with, in a slidable manner, a seal flange that is fixed directly to the outer peripheral surface of the rotating shaft,
wherein the sliding ring is C-shaped in cross-section and configured for receipt of the portion of the annular elastic body that extends radially inwardly therein, and
wherein the biasing means is configured to elastically press the sliding ring against the seal flange.

US Pat. No. 10,428,945

INLAID RING WITH PLATED LATERAL SIDE

Mahle International GmbH,...

1. A method of forming a piston ring, comprising:providing a base portion formed of a metallic material, the base portion having a first surface and a second surface that is opposite the first surface, the base portion having an outer surface extending from the first surface to the second surface;
finish grinding the first surface to form a reference surface such that the second surface is rougher than the first surface;
positioning the reference surface on a base surface;
while the reference surface is positioned on the base surface, forming a bevel surface from the second surface while leaving an unbeveled portion of the second surface extending from the outer surface to a start of the unbeveled portion;
applying a chromium layer to the bevel surface and to the unbeveled portion, and not to the first surface; and
grinding the chromium layer to reduce a surface roughness of the chromium layer.

US Pat. No. 10,428,941

DRIVE MEMBER SELECTION

QINETIQ LIMITED, Hampshi...

1. A drive member selection mechanism, comprising:at least one drive member and at least two selector members arranged about a common axis in such a manner that the position of each of the at least two selector members along the common axis may be changed; wherein:
the at least one drive member includes a first and a second face, and further includes, on each face, at least one projection, and the at least two selector members include, on at least one face thereof, at least one complementary projection arranged to be selectively engaged with said at least one projection of the drive member;
the arrangement is such that, for the at least one respective drive member, the at least one projection on the first face thereof may be drivingly engaged with the at least one projection of one of the at least two selector members in a first torque connection after moving the one selector member along the common axis into engagement with the at least one drive member in use and the at least one projection on the second face thereof may be drivingly engaged with the at least one projection of another of the at least two selector members in a second torque connection opposed to the first torque connection after moving the other selector member along the common axis into engagement with the drive member in use;
a shift mechanism arranged to control the position of the at least two selector members along the common axis, the shift mechanism having at least two rotatable drums each provided with a circumferential track, where each of the at least two rotatable drums is substantially identical and mounted with a rotational displacement relative to another of the at least two rotatable drums, and where each of the at least two selector members is mounted in association with a separate said track, such that rotation of the corresponding rotatable drum determines the position of the associated selector member along the common axis; and
each track is symmetrical around each rotatable drum, the pattern of each track being repeated on both sides of each rotatable drum, and each of the rotatable drums further includes at least two shift arms, each of the respective two shift arms arranged in association with one side of each rotatable drum to engage with the track formed thereon.

US Pat. No. 10,428,940

HYDRAULIC PRESSURE SUPPLY SYSTEM OF DUAL CLUTCH TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A hydraulic pressure supply system of a dual clutch transmission for a vehicle, the hydraulic pressure supply system comprising:a low pressure supply route comprising a low pressure hydraulic pump that generates a low hydraulic pressure using a fluid that is stored at a low pressure oil pan and that supplies a generated low hydraulic pressure directly to a gear lubrication device and a clutch cooling/lubrication device, and a cooler that cools a portion of the low hydraulic pressure that is supplied from the low pressure hydraulic pump and that supplies the portion of the low hydraulic pressure to the gear lubrication device or the clutch cooling/lubrication device; and
a high pressure supply route comprising a high pressure hydraulic pump that generates a high hydraulic pressure using a fluid that is stored at a high pressure oil pan and that supplies a generated high hydraulic pressure, a clutch control device including first and second clutch pressure control solenoid valves that supply a portion of the high hydraulic pressure to first and second clutches, and a gear control device including a gear actuator pressure control solenoid valve that is configured to control other portion of the high hydraulic pressure and that supplies a controlled hydraulic pressure to a gear actuator,
wherein the low pressure supply route and the high pressure supply route each are formed with an independent closed circuit,
wherein the low hydraulic pressure is a hydraulic pressure lower than a predetermined hydraulic pressure and the high hydraulic pressure is a hydraulic pressure equal to or higher than the predetermined hydraulic pressure,
wherein the low pressure supply route further comprises a switching valve regulating a flow rate supplied from the low pressure hydraulic pump and supplying a regulated flow rate selectively to the gear lubrication device and the clutch cooling/lubrication device, and
wherein the low pressure supply route further comprises an ejection flow channel that is formed between the low pressure hydraulic pump and the switching valve, a first distribution flow channel that detours the switching valve and connects the low pressure hydraulic pump with the gear lubrication device a second distribution flow channel that detours the switching valve and connects the low pressure hydraulic pump with the clutch cooling/lubrication device, a first bypass flow channel that is formed between the switching valve and the gear lubrication device, and a second bypass flow channel that is formed between the switching valve and the clutch cooling/lubrication device.

US Pat. No. 10,428,939

CONTINUOUSLY VARIABLE TRANSMISSION

Fallbrook Intellectual Pr...

1. A variable speed transmission configurable for use as a continuously variable planetary gearset, the variable speed transmission comprising:a plurality of balls distributed radially about a main shaft defining a longitudinal axis, each ball having an axle defining a tiltable axis about which the ball rotates;
an input disc positioned on a first side of the plurality of balls;
an output disc positioned on a second side of the plurality of balls opposite the input disc;
an idler positioned radially inward of and in contact with the plurality of balls; and
a cage that is rotatable about the longitudinal axis, wherein a first end and a second end of each axle is coupled to the cage, wherein radial translation of one or more of the first end and the second end of each axle tilts the plurality of balls to change a speed ratio of the variable speed transmission,
wherein a first line of contact is formed between the input disc and the plurality of balls based on the tilt angle, forming a first variable rolling diameter for functioning as a first planet gear,
wherein a second line of contact is formed between the idler and the plurality of balls based on the tilt angle, forming a second variable rolling diameter for functioning as a second planet gear, and
wherein a third line of contact is formed between the output disc and the plurality of balls based on the tilt angle, forming a third variable rolling diameter for functioning as a third planet gear.

US Pat. No. 10,428,938

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING A VEHICLE PROPULSION SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A vehicle propulsion system, the system comprising:a prime mover having an output shaft;
a torque converter including a compressor coupled to the output shaft of the prime mover, a turbine fluidly coupled to the compressor, and a torque converter clutch for selectively mechanically coupling the compressor to the turbine;
a continuously variable transmission (CVT) coupled to the turbine of the torque converter; and
a controller programmed to:
receive signals indicating operating conditions of the vehicle propulsion system;
determine whether the received signals indicate a reduction in ratio in the CVT is impending;
determine whether to open the torque converter clutch based upon a determination that a reduction in ratio is impending; and
open the torque converter clutch in response to a determination to open the torque converter clutch,
wherein the received signals comprise a prime mover capacity signal that indicates the capacity of the prime mover to provide torque and wherein the determining whether to open the torque converter clutch is further based upon the prime mover capacity signal, wherein the controller is further programmed to determine whether the capacity of the prime mover to provide torque is below a predetermined threshold and wherein the determination whether to open the torque converter clutch is further based upon whether the capacity of the prime mover to provide torque is below the predetermined threshold and, wherein the received signals comprise a signal indicative of an altitude of the vehicle propulsion system and wherein the controller determines whether the capacity of the prime mover is below a predetermined threshold based upon a determination whether the altitude is above a predetermined altitude.

US Pat. No. 10,428,936

HYDRAULIC CONTROL DEVICE FOR AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION

AISIN AW CO., LTD., Anjo...

1. A hydraulic control device for an automatic transmission, the automatic transmission including an input shaft drivingly coupled to a driving source of a vehicle, a drive shaft drivingly coupled to a wheel, a stepless speed change mechanism that can continuously change a speed ratio, a first engagement element inserted in a first power transmission path coupling the input shaft and the drive shaft via a gear train, and a second engagement element inserted in a second power transmission path coupling the input shaft and the drive shaft via the stepless speed change mechanism, the automatic transmission being capable of switching between a first mode in which the first engagement element is engaged and the second engagement element is disengaged so that the input shaft and the drive shaft are connected by the first power transmission path to transmit rotation therethrough and a second mode in which the first engagement element is disengaged and the second engagement element is engaged so that the input shaft and the drive shaft are connected by the second power transmission path to transmit rotation therethrough, and the hydraulic control device being capable of permitting and cutting off supply of an engagement pressure to the first engagement element and the second engagement element, the hydraulic control device comprising:a source pressure generating valve that generates a source pressure;
a solenoid valve that can supply the engagement pressure based on the source pressure; and
a supply pressure switching valve that can be switched between a first state where the supply pressure switching valve can supply the engagement pressure to the second engagement element and a second state where the supply pressure switching valve can supply the source pressure to the second engagement element, the supply pressure switching valve being in the first state when the solenoid valve is operating normally, and being switched to the second state in case of abnormality in the solenoid valve.

US Pat. No. 10,428,935

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION

Mazda Motor Corporation, ...

1. A method of controlling an automatic transmission, the automatic transmission including:a piston having a first surface and a second surface opposite from each other in axial directions of the piston, and movable in the axial directions;
a plurality of friction plates disposed on a first surface side of the piston;
an engaging hydraulic pressure chamber for supplying hydraulic pressure to the second surface of the piston and directing the piston to an engaging position to push the friction plates to be engaged with each other in an engaged state;
a disengaging hydraulic pressure chamber for supplying hydraulic pressure to the first surface of the piston and directing the piston to a disengaging position to cause the friction plates to be in a disengaged state;
a hydraulic pressure control valve having an output port of hydraulic pressure, and for supplying and discharging hydraulic pressure to and from the engaging hydraulic pressure chamber and the disengaging hydraulic pressure chamber;
a first oil path communicating the output port of the hydraulic pressure control valve with the engaging hydraulic pressure chamber; and
a second oil path communicating the output port with the disengaging hydraulic pressure chamber, the second surface having a larger area for receiving hydraulic pressure than an area of the first surface for receiving hydraulic pressure,
the method comprising controlling the friction plates to change from the disengaged state to the engaged state in response to a gear shift command, and
the controlling the friction plates including:
controlling the hydraulic pressure control valve to adjust the hydraulic pressure to a first instruction pressure in a first period in response to the gear shift command; and
controlling the hydraulic pressure control valve to adjust the hydraulic pressure to a second instruction pressure in a second period directly following the first period, a change of the second instruction pressure being larger than a change of the first instruction pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,428,934

HYDRAULIC CONTROLLER FOR AN ACTUATOR IN A VEHICLE GEARBOX

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A hydraulic control system for a vehicle gearbox, comprising:a hydraulic actuator actuatable by a hydraulic medium;
an oil supply port;
a high-pressure hydraulic pump for supplying to a high-pressure line;
a low-pressure hydraulic pump for supplying to a low-pressure line;
a hydraulic tank for receiving the hydraulic medium from a return line; and
a hydraulic control valve with at least three control positions and at least four valve ports, wherein
in a first control position, the high-pressure line is connected to the oil supply port in a fluid-conducting fashion,
in a second control position, the low-pressure line is connected to the oil supply port in a fluid-conducting fashion, and
in a third control position, the hydraulic actuator is connected to the return line in a fluid-conducting fashion.

US Pat. No. 10,428,930

BALL SCREW WITH A COOLING PASSAGE

Hiwin Technologies Corp.,...

1. A ball screw with a cooling passage, comprising:a screw including an axis, an annular surface surrounding the axis, and an outer helical groove surrounding the axis and defined in the annular surface;
a nut sleeved along the axis onto the screw, and including: an inner helical groove surrounding the axis and formed in an inner surface of the nut, a first axial end surface, a second axial end surface opposite to the first axial end surface, at least one flat surface, an input cooling hole and an output cooling hole defined in the first axial end surface and extending toward the second axial end surface, at least one guide groove defined in the flat surface, a first hole in communication with the at least one guide groove and the input cooling hole, a second hole in communication with the at least one guide groove and the output cooling hole, wherein the inner helical groove cooperates with the outer helical groove to form a load path for receiving a plurality of balls; and
a sealing unit mounted on the flat surface of the nut and including a flat sealing surface for sealing the at least one guide groove, so that the input and output cooling holes cooperate with the first hole, the at least one guide groove, and the second hole to form the cooling passage.

US Pat. No. 10,428,919

PLANETARY GEAR TRAIN OF AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A planetary gear train of an automatic transmission for a vehicle, the planetary gear train comprising:a first planetary gear set having first, second, and third rotational elements;
a second planetary gear set having fourth, fifth, and sixth rotational elements;
a third planetary gear set having seventh, eighth, and ninth rotational elements;
a fourth planetary gear set having tenth, eleventh, and twelfth rotational elements;
an input shaft mounted with the first, second, and third planetary gear sets on an external circumference of the input shaft;
an output shaft disposed in parallel with the input shaft and mounted with the fourth planetary gear set on external circumference of the output shaft;
a first shaft fixedly connected with the first rotational element and the fourth rotational element;
a second shaft fixedly connected with the second rotational element and fixedly connected with the input shaft;
a third shaft fixedly connected with the third rotational element;
a fourth shaft fixedly connected with the fifth rotational element and the eighth rotational element;
a fifth shaft fixedly connected with the sixth rotational element;
a sixth shaft fixedly connected with the seventh rotational element;
a seventh shaft fixedly connected with the ninth rotational element;
an eighth shaft fixedly connected with the tenth rotational element and externally gear-meshed with the sixth shaft;
a ninth shaft fixedly connected with the eleventh rotational element and connected with the output shaft;
a tenth shaft fixedly connected with the twelfth rotational element and externally gear-meshed with the fourth shaft; and
first and second transfer gears configured to form external gear-engagement with the corresponding shafts selected from the first to tenth shafts.

US Pat. No. 10,428,904

AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION AND CONTROL METHOD OF AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. An automatic transmission comprising:a first transmission mechanism to which a driving force of a driving source is input through a first clutch and which is configured to switch driving force transmission paths to an output member to establish a first set of gear ratios;
a second transmission mechanism to which the driving force of the driving source is input through a second clutch and which is configured to switch driving force transmission paths to the output member to establish a second set of gear ratios; and
a control unit,
wherein a one-way clutch is provided in a driving force transmission path that establishes a first certain gear ratio in the first set,
the first transmission mechanism comprises:
an input shaft to which the driving force of the driving source is input through the first clutch;
a first transmission gear provided on the input shaft and configured to establish the first certain gear ratio;
a plurality of second transmission gears provided on the input shaft and configured to establish remaining gear ratios in the first set; and
a switching mechanism configured to perform engagement and disengagement between the input shaft and the plurality of second transmission gears,
a driving transmission direction of the one-way clutch is set such that a rotation inputted from a wheel side to the output member in a predetermined rotational direction is transmitted to the input shaft, the predetermined rotational direction corresponding to a backward movement of a vehicle, and
when disengagement by the switching mechanism is impossible, the control unit can execute recovery control to enable the disengagement by inputting a driving force of the driving source to the input shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,428,894

RESIN-MADE IMPACT ABSORPTION MEMBER AND VEHICULAR COMPONENT

Teijin Limited, Osaka-Sh...

1. A resin-made impact absorption member comprising:an impact absorption portion which has a hollow structure including an outer tubular portion and a hollow portion, the impact absorption portion including a plurality of resin shaped products including a fiber-reinforced resin material containing reinforcing fibers and a thermoplastic resin, the resin shaped products having flange portions that come into contact with each other to form a boundary portion of combined resin products; and
impact absorption auxiliary portions including a resin material, the impact absorption auxiliary portions being formed to cover the boundary portion,
wherein the reinforcing fibers have an average fiber length of 1 mm to 100 mm, the thermoplastic resin has a fracture elongation of equal to or greater than 10%, the fiber-reinforced resin material has a compressive elastic modulus of equal to or greater than 10 GPa and a compressive strength of 150 MPa to 500 MPa,
wherein, in the impact absorption portion, a maximum value of a ratio (L1/t1) of a distance (L1) from a position of the center of gravity to the outer tubular portion on a same section in a sectional shape in a direction orthogonal to an impact absorption direction, to a thickness (t1) of the outer tubular portion, is equal to or less than 40, and
wherein the impact absorption auxiliary portions are formed as components that are independent from the impact absorption portion.

US Pat. No. 10,428,848

ROTATABLE CONNECTION

1. A rotatable connection, comprising:a first component, having a plate-shape, and composed of a fibre reinforced plastic material;
a second component, having a plate-shape, and composed of a fibre-reinforced plastic material, the second component being disposed parallel to the first component;
a bearing sleeve, mounted within and interwoven into the first component such that a compaction of fibres of the fibre reinforced plastic material is produced in a region around the bearing sleeve, the bearing sleeve having shaped portions distributed over a periphery thereof in which the fibres are compacted to thereby form a positive material connection to increase resistance to twisting under load between the bearing sleeve and the first component;
a first cylindrical pin-shaped connecting piece composed of metal, coaxially and rotatably extending through the bearing sleeve and the first component to define a first rotational axis;
a second cylindrical pin-shaped connecting piece composed of metal, coaxially and rotatably extending through the second component to define a second rotational axis that is coaxial to the first rotational axis;
a weld connection connecting the first cylindrical pin-shape connecting piece and the second cylindrical pin-shaped connecting piece at a welding zone disposed between opposing distal ends of the first and second connecting pieces via a reactive film, and thereby forming a unitary bearing pin about which the first component and the second component are to rotate relative to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,428,832

STATOR ANTI-ROTATION LUG

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A compressor assembly of a gas turbine engine comprising:a case including at least one opening and axially spaced apart channels;
a stator assembly supported within the case, the stator assembly including a plurality of stator vanes received within the channels of the case and movable circumferentially within the channels; and
a lug assembly separate from the plurality of stator vanes for holding a position of the plurality of stator vanes relative to the case, the lug assembly including a lug disposed within the channels and abutting at least one of the plurality of stator vanes, the lug assembly further including a boss extending from the lug through the opening in the case, the boss including a threaded hole receiving a threaded member holding the lug assembly to the case.

US Pat. No. 10,428,830

FAN AND IMPELLER THEREOF

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC., ...

1. An impeller of a fan, said impeller comprising:a hub; and
a plurality of blades connected with said hub, wherein each blade comprises a base part connected with said hub and a tip part opposed to said base part, wherein the thickness of said tip part of said blade is greater than that of said base part of said blade, an airflow-guiding part is disposed at said tip part of said blade, said airflow-guiding part has a front guiding terminal and a rear guiding terminal, and the depth of said front guiding terminal is greater than that of said rear guiding terminal, wherein said airflow-guiding part has a chamfered surface with a flat profile, a curvy profile or an arc-shaped profile.

US Pat. No. 10,428,829

FAN WITH FAN WHEEL AND GUIDE WHEEL

1. A fan having a fan wheel comprising fan blades, which fan wheel extends radially outwards about a rotational axis of the fan and whose outer radial circumference defines a fan wheel diameter (Dv), and a stator with air deflecting webs disposed in the axial direction of flow at a distance (A) from the fan wheel, which stator extends radially outwards and has a stator diameter (DI) that is smaller than the fan wheel diameter (Dv), such that the stator defines a partial cross sectional area of a fan wheel cross sectional area,wherein the fan wheel comprises a fan wheel hub and an adjoining blade section that extends in a radial direction from the fan wheel hub to the outer circumference of the fan wheel, and in that the stator comprises a stator hub and an adjoining guide section that extends in a radial direction from said stator hub to the outer circumference of the stator, wherein the diameter ratio of the guide section to the blade section is in a range from 0.1 to 0.8, and wherein
the stator comprises an inner ring radially adjacent to the stator hub, which inner ring extends radially outwards in the axial direction of flow across the entire width (B) of the stator at an angle ? of up to 60° relative to the rotational axis.

US Pat. No. 10,428,826

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO REDUCE TO WEAR ON A BEARING

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A motor vehicle system device, comprising:a drive assembly for a charging device;
a compressor having at least one compressor runner supported using at least two bearings, each of the bearings having a stationary first bearing part situated in a stationary manner and a second bearing part operatively connected to the compressor runner in a torsionally rigid manner; and
a tandem pump including a low air pressure source and an overpressure source;
wherein an overpressure is produced by the overpressure source and provided to the at least two bearings via a bearing gap between the first bearing part and the second bearing part of each of the bearings, wherein the compressor having an outlet in communication with the bearing gap,
wherein the charging device includes an exhaust gas turbocharger device having the compressor and a turbine, wherein exhaust gas of the drive assembly is suppliable to the turbine via a turbine inlet, wherein the exhaust gas flows out of the turbine from a turbine outlet of the drive assembly, wherein there is an operative connection between the compressor and the turbine via a shaft so that the compressor is drive-able using the turbine, wherein the shaft is situated in a rump housing, wherein the rump housing is situated between the compressor and the turbine, so that heating up of fluid supplied to the compressor by heat of the exhaust gas supplied to the turbine is at least reduced, wherein the rump housing accommodates an electrical drive device that is operatively connected or operatively connectable to the shaft, so that the drive of the compressor is not exclusively provided via the turbine,
wherein the at least two bearings includes an axial bearing and a radial bearing,
wherein the axial bearing and the radial bearing are situated in the rump housing, which is used to support the shaft, the radial bearing being configured to take up forces only in a radial direction, and the axial bearing is configured to prevent the shaft from shifting in an axial direction,
wherein the overpressure in the bearing gaps is such that there is only fluid friction between the bearing parts,
wherein the bearings are fluid-dynamic bearings, so that overpressure takes place automatically upon achieving or exceeding a minimum rotational speed by a rotational speed of the shaft, and wherein the second bearing part is a fluid-dynamic bearing and the first bearing part is a fluid-static bearing,
wherein if the rotational speed of the shaft is less than the minimum rotational speed, the overpressure is provided by the overpressure source,
wherein a cross sectional reducing device or a cross sectional adjustment device is provided between the overpressure source for providing the overpressure and the axial bearing and the radial bearing for setting the overpressure produced in the bearing gap of each of the axial bearing and the radial bearing, and
wherein the second bearing part of the axial bearing is a radial projection extending outwardly from the shaft in the radial direction, and which cooperates with the first bearing part of the axial bearing for providing axial fixing of the shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,428,825

AIRFOIL STRUCTURE HAVING A SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY ACTUATOR

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A fan blade for a gas turbine engine, comprising:a blade body having:
a pressure side disposed opposite a suction side;
a blade root radially spaced from a blade a tip;
a leading edge axially spaced from a trailing edge;
a plurality of passageways that:
extend radially between the blade root and the blade tip;
are disposed between the leading edge and the trailing edge; and
a plurality of a shape memory alloy actuator (SMA) portions that:
have a cellular structure,
are received within and have a shape conforming to the respective plurality of passageways;
are bonded to, and operatively connected to, and in sliding contact with the blade body; and
are selectively electrically driven to apply a stiffening load by an electrical actuator that is operatively connected to a power system in response to an operational parameter exceeding a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,428,824

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SPEED CONTROL OF AN AIR MOVER

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. An information handling system, comprising:a processor;
a temperature sensor configured to generate a temperature signal indicative of a temperature within the information handling system;
a first controller, communicatively coupled to the processor, configured to:
receive the temperature signal; and
generate, in accordance with the temperature signal, a desired speed signal corresponding to a desired speed for a motor, wherein the motor is configured to:
receive an operating signal; and
drive, in accordance with the operating signal, a rotational component of an air mover;
wherein the air mover includes:
a motor
a speed sensor configured to generate an actual speed signal indicative of an actual speed of the motor;
an electrical draw sensor configured to generate an electrical draw signal indicative of an actual electrical draw of the motor; and
an air mover controller configured to:
receive input signals, wherein the input signals include the actual speed signal, the electrical draw signal, and the desired speed signal; and
perform air mover control operations to generate, in accordance with the input signals, the operating signal, wherein the air mover control operations include:
determining, based on the desired speed signal and the actual speed signal, a first speed signal corresponding to a first speed;
determining, based on the desired speed signal, an electrical draw limit;
determining, based on the electrical draw signal and the electrical draw limit, a second speed signal corresponding to a second speed; and
selecting either the first speed signal or the second speed signal as the operating signal.

US Pat. No. 10,428,821

QUICK SUBMERGENCE MOLTEN METAL PUMP

Molten Metal Equipment In...

1. A pump for transferring molten metal from a vessel, the system comprising:(a) a stationary intake tube, the stationary intake tube having an inner diameter and configured for directing molten metal upward through the stationary intake tube, the stationary intake tube including a first end configured for being at least partially submerged in the molten metal in the vessel, and a second end;
(b) an intake tube extension having a first end connected to the second end of the stationary intake tube and having a second end;
(c) a motor juxtaposed the second end of the intake tube extension;
(d) a rotatable drive shaft positioned at least partially within the stationary intake tube, the rotatable drive shaft not directly connected to the stationary intake tube, and being partially submersed in molten metal while the pump is operating, and having a first end connected to the motor and a second end;
(e) a rotor positioned at least partially in the first end of the stationary intake tube, the rotor being directly connected to the second end of the rotatable drive shaft and extending outwardly from the rotatable drive shaft, the rotor having a diameter that is less than the diameter of the stationary intake tube, the rotor not directly connected to the stationary intake tube, and the rotor having an outer perimeter wherein there is a space between the outer perimeter of the rotor and the stationary intake tube;
(f) an enclosed overflow conduit coupled to the intake tube extension above the rotor, below the motor, above the stationary intake tube, and above the first end of the intake tube extension, the enclosed overflow conduit configured for directing molten metal out of the stationary intake tube; andwherein the rotatable drive shaft and rotor are configured to be rotated by the motor to rotate inside of the stationary intake tube in order to push molten metal upward into the stationary intake tube, immersing part of the drive shaft in the molten metal inside of the stationary intake tube, while the stationary intake tube remains stationary.

US Pat. No. 10,428,820

ROTATION DEVICE AND EXTRANEOUS-MATTER REMOVING APPARATUS

FUJITSU TEN LIMITED, Kob...

1. A rotation device comprising:a first gear that includes a toothless part and is connected with a rotation driving source, the toothless part being obtained by cutting a part of continuous teeth of the first gear;
a second gear that is arranged to be able to be engaged with the first gear and is rotated, when engaged with the first gear, in a predetermined direction by a rotation of the rotation driving source in one direction; and
an energizing part that energizes the second gear in a direction reverse to the predetermined direction when the second gear is in a free state in which an engagement of the second gear with the first gear is released by the toothless part.

US Pat. No. 10,428,819

SCROLL COMPRESSOR THAT INCLUDES A NON-ORBITING SCROLL HAVING A BYPASS HOLE

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A scroll compressor, comprising:a casing;
an orbiting member provided within the casing, and the orbiting member to perform an orbiting motion;
a non-orbiting member, wherein the orbiting member and the non-orbiting member to form a compression chamber, the compression chamber having a suction chamber, an intermediate pressure chamber and a discharge chamber;
a communication passage configured to allow a refrigerant of the compression chamber to flow;
an opening/closing valve assembly configured to open and close the communication passage; and
a switching valve assembly configured to control the opening/closing valve assembly, the switching valve assembly to be coupled to the opening/closing valve assembly, and the switching valve assembly to be provided outside the casing,
wherein the non-orbiting member includes a bypass hole to allow a refrigerant of the intermediate pressure chamber to at least partially pass, and wherein a check valve is provided at the bypass hole to open and close the bypass hole, and
wherein the opening/closing valve assembly is disposed at a backstream side rather than the check valve to open and close the communication passage that accommodates the check valve therein.

US Pat. No. 10,428,818

SCROLL COMPRESSOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

7. A scroll compressor, comprising:a casing;
a high/low pressure dividing plate attached to an inner space of the casing to separate the inner space of the casing into a low pressure portion and a high pressure portion;
a main frame spaced from the high/low pressure dividing plate;
an orbiting scroll at the main frame to perform an orbiting motion;
a non-orbiting scroll to move up and down with respect to the orbiting scroll, and the non-orbiting scroll to form, along with the orbiting scroll, a suction chamber, an intermediate pressure chamber and a discharge chamber;
a back pressure plate coupled to the non-orbiting scroll by a plurality of bolts, and the back pressure plate having a space portion to communicate with the intermediate pressure chamber and having an open surface to face the high/low pressure dividing plate; and
a floating plate movably coupled to the back pressure plate to hermetically seal the space portion and form a back pressure chamber, wherein the non-orbiting scroll includes:
a plurality of bypass holes formed from the intermediate pressure chamber to a surface of the non-orbiting scroll facing the back pressure plate, and
check valves at the surface of the non-orbiting scroll for opening and closing the bypass holes, respectively,
wherein a communication groove is provided on at least one of the surface of the non-orbiting scroll or a surface of the back pressure plate corresponding to the surface of the non-orbiting scroll,
wherein a discharge hole to communicate between the communication groove and the low pressure portion is provided at one of the non-orbiting scroll or the back pressure plate,
wherein a control valve to communicate between the intermediate pressure chamber and the low pressure portion of the casing,
wherein a communication pipe is coupled between the discharge hole and the control valve, wherein the discharge hole is coupled to a first end of the communication pipe that extends toward the low pressure portion of the casing, and a second end of the communication pipe extends through the main frame, and wherein the control valve is disposed at the second end of the communication pipe, and the control valve is fixed to a lower surface of the main frame facing a driving motor.

US Pat. No. 10,428,816

VARIABLE SPEED MULTI-STAGE PUMP

HAMILTON SUNDSTRAND CORPO...

1. A multi-stage gear pump, comprising:a first pump stage;
a second pump stage; and
a variable speed gearbox including an input and an output,
wherein:
the input is rotationally coupled to the first pump stage and the input rotates at a first rotational speed,
the output is rotationally coupled to the second pump stage and rotates at a second rotational speed,
a variable gear ratio determines the second rotational speed relative to the first rotational speed, and
the multi-stage gear pump further comprises a boost stage rotationally coupled to the first pump stage.

US Pat. No. 10,428,815

PUMP FOR CONVEYING A LIQUID

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. A pump for delivering a liquid, comprising:at least one pump housing having at least one inlet and at least one outlet;
an inner circumferential face, the inner circumferential face being part of the at least one pump housing;
a geometric axis extending through the at least one pump housing;
an eccentric having an outer face, the eccentric being arranged within the pump housing such that the eccentric is movable in eccentric fashion relative to the pump housing about the geometric axis;
a structured surface formed as part of the outer face, the structured surface further comprising:
a pattern of depressions integrally formed on the outer face, wherein the depressions are delimited in encircling fashion;
a deformable element arranged in a pump gap between the inner circumferential face of the pump housing and the outer face of the eccentric; and
a delivery duct in fluid communication with the at least one inlet and the at least one outlet, the delivery duct being located between the deformable element and the inner circumferential face of the pump housing;
wherein the deformable element is pressed against the pump housing along at least one section of the delivery duct by the outer face of the eccentric such that at least one displaceable seal of the delivery duct and at least one closed pump volume are formed in the delivery duct, the at least one displaceable seal and the at least one closed pump volume being displaceable along the delivery duct from the inlet to the outlet by eccentric movement of the eccentric for the delivery of the liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,428,814

PISTON FUEL PUMP FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A piston fuel pump for a fuel injection system, comprising:a pump piston which has an end section facing a drive;
a first guide section situated in a pump cylinder; and
a second guide section situated in an area of the end section of the pump piston facing the drive;
wherein the pump piston is guided radially with the first guide section and the second guide section, and wherein the first guide section and the second guide section are spaced axially apart from each other,
wherein the second guide section is situated radially outwardly in an area of the end section of the pump piston facing the drive, so that the pump piston is guided at guidance and support points, of the first guide section and the second guide section, which are spaced substantially apart from one another, via the first guide section and via the second guide section,
wherein the guidance and support points lie in end sections of the pump piston near force application points of the drive at which transverse forces arise, so as to reduce loads on the guidance and support points,
wherein the second guide section is situated directly adjacent to a piston seal,
wherein the pump piston has an upper end section on one end facing a delivery chamber,
wherein the pump piston has a supporting-and-sealing unit for the pump piston on the first guide section, the supporting-and-sealing unit including (i) a guidance area for the radial guidance of the pump piston in the pump cylinder and (ii) a sealing area having sealing lips,
wherein the supporting-and-sealing unit is formed by a plastic element,
wherein the supporting-and-sealing unit is fixedly connected to the pump piston, and wherein the pump piston has a ring shaped shoulder, adjacent the upper end section of the pump piston, to which the supporting-and-sealing unit is at least one of clip-fitted and glued,
wherein the sealing lips includes at least six sealing lips, and wherein the piston seal contacts a seal carrier and the guide sections and has six of the sealing lips on a radially inner section, which are circumferential and directed radially inwardly and arranged axially opposite each other in groups of three, and two radially circumferential toroidal sealing sections are situated on a radially outward section of the piston seal, so that the sealing lips seal dynamically against a radially outward surface of the pump piston which is axially movable, and the toroidal sealing sections seal statically against a receiving section of the seal carrier, and
wherein a spring collar is pressed against a lower end section of the pump piston, which is subjected to an axial force by a coil spring, and wherein the pump piston and a pump housing delimit a delivery chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,428,811

RECIPROCATING COMPRESSOR AND METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING THE SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A reciprocating compressor, comprising:a shell having an inner portion;
a discharge pipe coupled to the shell and formed of metallic material, the discharge pipe having an inner portion;
a driver located at the inner portion of the shell to generate a rotary force;
a compressor located in the shell, the compressor including:
a connecting rod configured to convert the rotary force to a linear driving force;
a piston connected to the connecting rod; and
a cylinder into which the piston is movably inserted;
a discharge hose through which a refrigerant compressed in the cylinder is discharged, the discharge hose being disposed adjacent an inner circumferential surface of the shell defining the inner portion; and
a connection member configured to connect the discharge hose to the discharge pipe, a first portion of the connection member being inserted into the inner portion of the discharge pipe and a second portion of the connection member being supported outside the discharge pipe, and the connection member having an insertion portion into which the discharge hose is inserted and including:
a first main connection body having a hollow cylindrical shape;
a second main connection body having a hollow cylindrical shape and extending from the first main connection body, the second main connection body being inserted into the inner portion of the discharge pipe and having an outer circumferential surface on which at least one groove is formed, wherein the insertion portion forms inner circumferential surfaces of the first and second main connection bodies; and
a locking step defined by a junction of the first main connection body and the second main connection body, wherein an end portion of the discharge pipe supports the locking step, wherein, with respect to the locking step, a diameter of the first main connection body is formed greater than that of the second main connection body,
wherein the reciprocating compressor further comprises at least one interference member installed in the at least one groove and arranged to come in close contact with an inner circumferential surface of the discharge pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,428,808

PUMP, ESPECIALLY FOR DELIVERING LIQUID FUEL FOR A VEHICLE HEATER

1. A pump for delivering liquid fuel for a vehicle heater, the pump comprising:a tubular pump body extending along a longitudinal axis and providing a pump chamber, wherein the pump body is made entirely of a magnetic shape memory material; and
a means for generating a magnetic field comprising at least one electrically excitable coil for bringing the magnetic shape memory material of the pump body from an initial state into a deformed state by electrically exciting the at least one electrically excitable coil for generating the magnetic field, wherein a pump chamber volume in the deformed state differs from the pump chamber volume present in the initial state;
a means for resetting the pump body into the initial state comprising a prestressing spring exerting an axial load on an axial end of the pump body for prestressing the pump body into the initial state;
a deformation detection arrangement for measuring an electric resistance of the pump body in an area of the pump body deformed by the magnetic field generated by the means for generating the magnetic field to provide information representing the deformation of the pump body.

US Pat. No. 10,428,806

STRUCTURAL PROPELLANT FOR ION ROCKETS (SPIR)

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method for in-space propulsion of a spacecraft, the method comprising:removing, by a removal device, a portion of a structure, which provides housing and/or structural support for the spacecraft, to re-purpose the portion of the structure as propellant;
feeding, by the removal device, the portion into a Hall thruster system; and
utilizing, by the Hall thruster system, the portion as propellant to produce thrust.

US Pat. No. 10,428,802

HEATING INSTALLATION ARRANGEMENT

1. A heating installation arrangement for a wind turbine blade comprising:a sleigh within the wind turbine blade, wherein the sleigh forms a platform of the heating installation arrangement; and
wherein a portion of the sleigh forms a recess within the sleigh, wherein the recess forms a lower portion of an air flow channel, wherein the air flow channel comprises an air input and an air output, wherein one or more connection points are disposed within the recess and correspond to one or more heating apparatuses also disposed within the recess and the air flow channel, wherein the one or more heating apparatuses are disposed between the air input and the air output of the air flow channel, wherein the one or more heating apparatuses comprise one or more of a heater and a fan.

US Pat. No. 10,428,801

WIND POWER GENERATION DEVICE

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A wind power generation device comprising:a wind receiving member which receives a wind force to rotate a main shaft;
a speed-up gear which comprises a rotation transmission mechanism which receives rotation of the main shaft to increase the rotation in speed, and a rolling bearing which rotatably supports an output shaft which outputs a running torque of the rotation transmission mechanism;
a power generator which comprises an input shaft which rotates by receiving rotation of the output shaft, and which generates power in accordance with rotation of a rotor which rotates integrally with the input shaft;
an input rotating body which is integrally rotatably provided on the output shaft;
an output rotating body which is integrally rotatably provided on the input shaft and which is coaxially disposed radially inside or radially outside the input rotating body; and
a one-way clutch which is disposed between the input rotating body and the output rotating body, which integrally rotatably connects the input rotating body and the output rotating body to each other in a state in which a rotational speed of the input rotating body exceeds a rotational speed of the output rotating body, and which breaks connection between the input rotating body and the output rotating body in a state in which the rotational speed of the input rotating body is lower than the rotational speed of the output rotating body,
wherein the input rotating body and the output rotating body are allowed to relatively move along an axial direction, and a maximum allowance of movement thereof is set to be larger than variation of a distance along the axial direction between the input shaft and the output shaft caused by state change.

US Pat. No. 10,428,800

MODULAR SYSTEM FOR TRANSPORTING WIND TURBINE BLADES

1. A modular system for transporting wind turbine blades in at least two different spatial arrangements, each blade having a tip end and a root end, each blade further having a bolt circle diameter D at said root end, the system comprising:two or more root end transport frames each having a height H for supporting a root end of a wind turbine blade, wherein H two or more first tip end transport frames each having a height h1 for supporting a portion of a wind turbine blade towards the tip end of said blade, each said first tip end transport frame comprising a first base frame and a support bracket provided on top of said first base frame for receiving a portion of a wind turbine blade;
wherein each first tip end transport frame is stackable on top of a root end transport frame of the two or more root end transport frames and vice versa, such that the modular system is operable to stack successive wind turbine blades in an alternating root end to tip end arrangement;
wherein the modular system further comprises at least one of parts (i), (ii) and (iii):
(i) two or more second tip end transport frames each having a height h2 exceeding h1 for supporting a portion of a wind turbine blade towards the tip end of said blade, each second tip end transport frame comprising a second base frame and a support bracket provided on top of said second base frame for receiving a portion of a wind turbine blade; wherein each second tip end transport frame is stackable on top of the root end transport frame of the two or more root end transport frames and vice versa to replace the two or more first tip end transport frames, such that the modular system is operable to stack successive wind turbine blades in an alternating root end to tip end arrangement with two alternative inter-blade spacings resulting from the respective use of either the first or the second tip end transport frames;
(ii) two or more tip end distance pieces each attachable on top of or below a first tip end transport frame of the two or more first tip end transport frames, wherein the first tip end transport frame of the two or more first tip end transport frames and attached tip end distance piece of the two or more tip end distance pieces is stackable on top of the root end transport frame of the two or more root end transport frames and vice versa, such that the modular system is operable to stack successive wind turbine blades in an alternating root end to tip end arrangement with two alternative inter-blade spacings resulting from the respective use of the two or more first tip end transport frames either with or without the tip end distance pieces; and
(iii) at least one root end distance piece having a height h3 and being attachable in between two vertically stacked root end transport frames of the two or more root end transport frames, wherein (H+h3)?D, such that the modular system is operable to stack successive wind turbine blades in a root end to root end arrangement as alternative to the root end to tip end arrangement by stacking two or more first tip end transport frames or second tip end transport frames at one end and two or more root end transport frames with interposed root end distance pieces at an opposing end.

US Pat. No. 10,428,799

WIND POWER GENERATION SYSTEM USING JET STREAM

1. A wind power generation system using a jet stream, which is a system that generates wind power using a jet stream, the wind power generation system comprising:a flight vehicle configured to produce power through wind power generation while floating in the air and autonomously flying without a winch and configured to transmit the produced power to the ground; and
a ground reception unit configured to receive a power signal transmitted from the flight vehicle and convert the power signal to electricity, wherein:
the flight vehicle enters a power generation location or escapes from the power generation location through buoyancy adjustment;
the flight vehicle produces power through wind power generation while staying at the top of the troposphere or in the vicinity of the stratosphere where the jet stream is generated; and
the flight vehicle includes a propeller configured to rotate in one direction due to the jet stream, a power generator configured to produce power by converting mechanical energy due to a rotational force of the propeller to electrical energy, a power generation control unit configured to control entry or escape into or from the power generation location, a buoyancy adjustment unit configured to increase or decrease buoyancy according to control of the power generation control unit, a laser conversion unit configured to convert power produced by the power generator to a laser, and a laser shooting unit configured to transmit the laser converted by the laser conversion unit to the ground.

US Pat. No. 10,428,793

ROTOR AND METHOD OF ADJUSTING AN ANGLE OF A ROTOR BLADE ON A ROTOR

Technische Universitat Be...

1. A rotor with:a rotor blade,
a hub on which a rotor blade is held by a bearing, and
an adjustment device comprised of a coupling component and a guide, the coupling component is arranged at a foot of the rotor blade and is mounted in the guide formed on a rotor shaft, wherein the rotor shaft is a monolithic member which is secured against rotation relative to the hub, such that by displacement of the rotor shaft axially with respect to the axis of rotation of the rotor of the hub, a pitch angle of the rotor blade can be altered, wherein the guide runs, at least during the axial displacement of the rotor shaft, at an inclination to the axis of rotation of the rotor.

US Pat. No. 10,428,792

WIND TURBINE CONTROL SYSTEM

1. A wind turbine, comprising:a hub sub-system comprising a main hub and a shaft adapted to rotate about an axis;
a plurality of turbine blades having a pitch angle defined by an angle between a chord line of a turbine blade and a vector representing oncoming wind, the blades adapted to drive the rotation of the hub sub-system to a first speed;
a pitch drive sub-system comprising a driving element adapted to rotate about the axis at a second speed, the driving element adapted to control the pitch angle of the turbine blades in relation to a difference between the first speed and the second speed;
a generator with a slip function, wherein the generator with the slip function is a generator with slip, a slip-enhanced generator, a variable speed generator, a generator with a clutch, a generator with a transmission, or a combination thereof, the generator with the slip function enabling the hub sub-system to increase the first speed as power increases and to decrease the first speed as power decreases; and
an active control system adapted to control the second speed of the driving element, wherein
an increase in the first speed relative to the second speed causes the pitch angle to decrease, and/or
a decrease in the first speed relative to the second speed causes the pitch angle to increase.

US Pat. No. 10,428,791

WIND TURBINE ROTOR BLADE

Wobben Properties GmbH, ...

1. A wind turbine rotor blade, comprising:a rotor-blade longitudinal axis,
at least one rotor-blade inner portion having a region configured to be connected to the rotor-blade hub,
at least one rotor-blade outer portion having a rotor-blade tip,
the rotor-blade inner portion and the rotor-blade outer portion each being made substantially of a fibre-reinforced plastic, and
an inner space inside the rotor-blade inner portion and the rotor-blade outer portion,
the rotor-blade inner portion and the rotor-blade outer portion being connected to each other by at least one connecting device, the at least one connecting device comprising:
an inner insert that is at least partially wrapped in the fibre-reinforced plastic of the rotor-blade inner portion and has an inner contact face, and
an outer insert that is at least partially incorporated in the fibre-reinforced plastic of the rotor-blade outer portion and has an outer contact face,
the inner insert and the outer insert being connected to each other by the inner and the outer contact faces and at least one connecting element, and
the inner contact face and the outer contact face being arranged parallel in relation to each other and forming a plane that is at an oblique angle relative to the rotor-blade longitudinal axis, wherein the at least one connecting element comprises a first end that is inserted at least partly in the inner insert and the outer insert, the at least one connecting element comprising a second end that extends into the inner space.

US Pat. No. 10,428,790

WIND TURBINE BLADES

1. A method of making an elongate wind turbine blade extending longitudinally between a root end and a tip end in a spanwise direction, the method comprising:a. providing an elongate mould tool extending longitudinally in a spanwise direction;
b. arranging an elongate spar structure in the mould tool, the spar structure extending longitudinally in the spanwise direction;
c. arranging core material adjacent to the spar structure;
d. providing resin-permeable material between the spar structure and the core material and securing the resin-permeable material to the core material and/or the spar structure; and
e. administering resin into the mould during a resin infusion process, wherein the resin-permeable material restricts the flow of resin between the spar structure and the core material in the spanwise direction,
wherein securing the resin-permeable material to the spar structure and/or to the core material is performed prior to arranging the blade components in the mould.

US Pat. No. 10,428,789

CABLE ROUTING FOR WIND TURBINE SYSTEM HAVING MULTIPLE ROTORS

1. A wind turbine system comprising a plurality of wind turbines mounted to a common support structure by a support arm arrangement;said support arm arrangement comprising a mount portion and at least one arm extending from said mount portion and carrying a respective wind turbine;
said support arm arrangement being capable of yawing around said support structure;
said wind turbine system further comprises an arrangement for power cable guiding comprising:
at least one power cable;
an inner power cable support structure, inside said support structure;
an outer power cable support structure, outside said support structure, configured to housing a plurality of windings of said power cable;
an opening in said support structure, adapted to guide said power cable between said inner power cable support structure and outer power cable support structure during yawing of said support arm arrangement around said support structure.

US Pat. No. 10,428,788

DEVICE FOR AUTOMATICALLY SWITCHING THE DISPLACEMENT OF A MACHINE WITH AXIAL PISTONS

POCLAIN HYDRAULICS INDUST...

1. Device (10) for controlling the displacement of a machine (20) with axial pistons comprising a case (23) that houses a control unit comprising:A displacement control spool (110) adapted to be switched between two positions by a control pressure (Ps) according to an axis of sliding (?):
a working position wherein the control spool (110) provides a connection between at least one inlet (103, 104) that receives a supply pressure and an outlet (105, 106) connected to a cylinder for adjusting the inclination of said machine (31a, 31b), and
an idle position wherein the control spool (110) interrupts the connection between said inlet (102, 104) and said outlet (101, 103), and
means for switching adapted to vary the position of the adjusting cylinder (31a, 31b),
a spring (140),characterised in that:said means of communication comprise a second switching spool (130), coaxial to the control spool (110),
a switching pressure (Pm) exerts an axial force on the second spool (130) in the direction of the control spool (110),
the spring (140) exerts an axial force on the two spools (110, 130), which tends to move them apart from each other,
a control pressure (Ps) exerts an axial force on the control spool (110) in the direction of the second tool (130), and
wherein a second end (110b) of the control spool (110) comprises a recess (114) wherein the spring (140) is partially housed.

US Pat. No. 10,428,787

FREE FLOATING WAVE ENERGY CONVERTER HAVING VARIABLE BUOYANCY FLEXIBLE PIPE AND ENHANCED CAPTURE WIDTH

1. A free floating wave energy converter including at least one flexible pipe adapted to float at a surface of a body of water, the at least one flexible pipe having an inlet end for receiving alternating slugs of water and air when the at least one flexible pipe is moored facing at an angle to a wave direction in the body of water and having an outlet end in fluid communication with power takeoff and other devices, comprising:a plurality of horizontal supports attached to the at least one flexible pipe at spaced apart locations, each of the horizontal supports extending horizontally traverse to a longitudinal axis of the at least one flexible pipe and horizontally outwardly in opposite directions from the at least one flexible pipe; and
at least two inflatable tubes attached to the horizontal supports on opposite sides of the at least one flexible pipe, each of the inflatable tubes extending longitudinally substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis of the at least one flexible pipe, wherein the at least one flexible pipe is raised and lowered relative to the surface of the body of water by respectively inflating and deflating the at least two inflatable tubes with a gas.

US Pat. No. 10,428,786

HYDROELECTRIC TURBINE SYSTEM

1. A hydrodynamic turbine system for use, in combination, with a passive water source, the system comprising:one or more vertical pipes, one or more vector pipes, a flotation support; a delivery pipe, a solar array, a flow initiator, a pump, a hydraulic ram, a turbine, a water wheel, and a tertiary pipe;
the one or more vertical pipes, one or more vector pipes, delivery pipe, flow initiator, pump, hydraulic ram, turbine, water wheel, and tertiary pipe being directly or indirectly mounted on the flotation support such that the flotation support supports the system;
the flow initiator and pump being operatively connected to the solar array and at least one of the one or more vertical pipes;
the one or more vertical pipes being fluidly connected to respective vector pipes, said vertical and vector pipes being structured and arranged to convey water from the water source to the hydraulic ram;
the hydraulic ram being fluidly connected to the delivery pipe and the tertiary pipe, the delivery pipe rising from the hydraulic ram to a level above the turbine, the tertiary pipe being fluidly connected to an exit pipe, the exit pipe being the avenue of egress of water from the system;
wherein, the hydraulic ram causes water to move upward into the delivery pipe forming a primary flow of water;
wherein, the hydraulic ram causes water to enter the tertiary pipe forming a tertiary flow of water; and
the turbine being structured and arranged to turn upon movement of the primary flow of water and generate electricity.

US Pat. No. 10,428,785

ENGINE CONTROLLER AND ENGINE CONTROL METHOD

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. An engine controller that controls a direct fuel-injection, spark-ignition engine configured to be capable of switching a combustion form in a cylinder between stratified charge combustion and homogeneous combustion, the engine including:a fuel injection valve configured to directly inject a fuel into the cylinder;
an ignition plug that spark-ignites a mixture in the cylinder;
an acceleration request sensor configured to detect an acceleration request of a driver; and
a cooling water temperature sensor,
wherein the engine controller is configure to:
estimate a top surface temperature of a piston in the cylinder based on a temperature detected by the cooling water temperature sensor;
when the acceleration request is detected by the acceleration request sensor during engine operation with the stratified charge combustion,
determine whether the estimated top surface temperature is greater than a predetermined temperature at which a liquid fuel adhering to a top surface of the piston is brought over in a liquid state to a subsequent cycle;
set an ignition timing of the ignition plug to a basic ignition time value in response to determining the estimated top surface temperature is greater than the predetermined temperature; and
in response to the acceleration request, switch the combustion form to the homogeneous combustion and retard the ignition timing of the ignition plug so that a period of time until a flame after the ignition reaches the top surface of the piston is extended in response to determining the estimated top surface temperature is less than or equal to the predetermined temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,428,784

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING FUEL USAGE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method of operating an engine including a CMCV, comprising,determining an availability of a knock control fluid;
opening the CMCV at high engine loads if the availability of the knock control fluid exceeds a threshold; and
closing the CMCV at high engine loads if the availability of the knock control fluid does not exceed the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,428,779

FUEL INJECTOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A fuel injector for direct injection of fuel into a combustion chamber, comprising:a housing having at least one combustion-chamber side injection aperture;
a linearly movable valve needle for opening and closing the injection aperture;
a solenoid;
an armature which is linearly movable by the solenoid; and
a first sleeve, the first sleeve being formed as a hollow, tubular component having a constant inside and outside diameter;
wherein the first sleeve is a separate component and the first sleeve is attached to the armature;
wherein a first stop surface facing away from the combustion chamber is formed on the first sleeve, and a second stop surface facing the combustion chamber is formed on the valve needle, the first and second stop surfaces striking one another when at least one of the valve needle and the armature is moved linearly; and
wherein the armature has a continuous recess and the first sleeve is situated on a wall of the recess;
wherein a groove is formed in the wall of the recess, and wherein the first sleeve is situated in the groove
and further comprising a second sleeve attached to a base body of the valve needle, wherein the second stop surface is formed on the second sleeve;
wherein a total length of the first sleeve and the second sleeve, measured parallel to a longitudinal axis of the fuel injector, has a same value as a length of the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,428,778

FUEL INJECTION VALVE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A fuel injection valve comprising:a housing that includes an injection hole, through which fuel is injected, and a valve seat, which is formed around the injection hole;
a needle member that is shaped into a rod form and is reciprocatably installed in an inside of the housing while the needle member has a flange, which is formed at a radially outer side of the needle member, wherein when an end part of the needle member, which is located on the valve seat side, moves away from or contacts the valve seat, the needle member opens or closes the injection hole;
a stationary core that is fixed in the inside of the housing;
a movable core that is installed on the valve seat side of the flange such that the movable core is movable relative to the needle member and is contactable with the flange on the valve seat side of the flange;
a coil that is capable of attracting the movable core toward the stationary core when an electric current flows through the coil;
a first spring that urges the needle member toward the valve seat side;
a second spring that is installed such that one end of the second spring contacts the movable core, wherein the second spring urges the movable core toward an opposite side, which is opposite from the valve seat, with an urging force that is smaller than an urging force of the first spring; and
a stopper that is installed on a radially outer side of the needle member such that the stopper enables movement of the movable core between the stopper and the flange on the valve seat side of the flange, wherein:
the stopper is press fitted to the needle member;
the stopper includes a support portion, which supports another end of the second spring, and a contact portion, which is contactable with the movable core on the valve seat side of the movable core; and
the stopper is capable of limiting movement of the movable core relative to the needle member toward the valve seat side when the movable core contacts the contact portion.

US Pat. No. 10,428,776

FLUID FILTER CARTRIDGE, FLUID FILTER ARRANGEMENT, AND METHOD FOR SERVICING A FLUID FILTER ARRANGEMENT

Donaldson Company, Inc., ...

1. A fluid filter cartridge comprising:a first filter element and a second filter element;
the first and the second filter element being arranged consecutively with respect to a longitudinal extension of the fluid filter cartridge;
the first filter element having two opposite end faces, one of the end faces being covered by a connection end cap and the other end face being covered by a first end cap; and
the second filter element having two opposite end faces, one of the end faces being covered by the connection end cap and the other end face being covered by a second end cap;
at least one port being provided at the connection end cap in fluid communication with at least one of the first filter element and second filter element; and
a central axis of the connection end cap orthogonal to a main extension plane of the connection end cap is offset in relation to a central axis of the first end cap orthogonal to a main extension plane of the first end cap and/or a central axis of the second end cap orthogonal to a main extension plane of the second end cap.

US Pat. No. 10,428,775

NO FILTER NO RUN FLUID FILTER WITH INTEGRATION OF LOW PRESSURE FLUID SYSTEM

Cummins Filtration IP, In...

1. A fluid filter, comprising:a filter media having a filtered fluid side and an unfiltered fluid side;
a first end plate comprising a first path and a second path in fluid communication with the first path, the first path perpendicular to the first end plate and the second path parallel to the first end plate;
a second end plate;
a bypass seal disposed on a surface of the first endplate, the bypass seal disposed along the first path and configured to cause fluid to flow from the first path to the second path,
wherein the filter media is disposed between the first end plate and the second end plate, the fluid filter is configured to be engaged with a filter head, the filter head including a bypass flow outlet, and the bypass seal is configured to block fluid flow from the first path to the bypass flow outlet when the fluid filter is engaged with the filter head; and
an air vent valve configured to vent air from the fluid filter, the air vent valve adjacent the bypass seal, the air vent valve comprising a first vent position and a second vent position, wherein in the first vent position the air vent valve is open, and wherein in the second vent position the air vent valve is closed, the air vent valve transitioning from the first vent position to the second vent position as fluid flow pressure increases.

US Pat. No. 10,428,774

SYSTEMS FOR FUEL PUMP ADAPTERS AND METHODS OF USING THE SAME

Cummins Inc., Columbus, ...

1. A fuel pump comprising:a body portion housing a fuel pump assembly configured to receive a rotational input and generate fuel flows;
a drive shaft extending into the body portion and operatively coupled to the fuel pump assembly;
a pump gear coupled to the drive shaft and configured to translate a rotational force received from an accessory drivetrain into the rotational input received at the fuel pump assembly;
a pilot portion annularly disposed about the drive shaft adjacent to the body portion and configured to facilitate rotation of the drive shaft within the pilot portion; and
a fuel pump adapter removably and annularly disposed about the pilot portion and configured to engage a gear housing within a fuel pump aperture;
wherein the body portion contacts the gear housing about the fuel pump aperture when the fuel pump adapter is disposed about the pilot portion and engaged with the gear housing within the fuel pump aperture;
wherein the fuel pump adapter includes a step disposed in a control aperture, the step configured to catch a leading edge of the pilot portion; and
wherein the fuel pump adapter is configured to remain substantially stationary during rotation of the drive shaft within the pilot portion.

US Pat. No. 10,428,772

CANISTER FOR A FUEL TANK OF A VEHICLE

FCA Italy S.p.A., Turin ...

1. A filtering canister, for absorption of fuel vapours from a fuel tank of a motor-vehicle, comprising:said canister including a hollow body having at least a top wall, a lower wall and a side wall which connects said top wall to said lower wall on all sides of the hollow body, so as to define at least one internal chamber,
wherein said at least one internal chamber containing absorbent material of fuel vapours, and
said hollow body having a first opening for communication of said at least one internal chamber with a vent conduit of the tank, a second opening vented towards an atmosphere, and a third opening for communication with a duct connected to an intake manifold of an internal combustion engine of the motor-vehicle,
in such a way that, when the internal combustion engine is in an inoperative stage, any fuel vapour generated within the tank is absorbed by said absorbent material in said at least one internal chamber, in an absorption operating mode of the canister, while when the internal combustion engine is operative, said canister is in a scavenging operating mode, wherein a flow of air taken from the atmosphere is sucked into the at least one chamber of and conveyed through the absorbent material and into the duct connected to the intake manifold, thus obtaining scavenging of the absorbent material and removal and conveyance into the internal combustion engine of fuel particles previously absorbed by the absorbent material,
wherein the hollow body has an outer side wall and an inner side wall which are parallel to, and spaced apart from each other, and which define therebetween a thermally insulating interspace which extends continuously for the entire circumferential extension of the outer side wall of the canister, on all sides of the hollow body, with exception of an upper side and a lower side, whereby said thermally insulating interspace surrounds said at least one internal chamber and promotes saving of heat generated inside said at least one internal chamber in said absorption operating mode, during said inoperative stage of the engine, so as to improve scavenging efficiency during a subsequent stage wherein the scavenging operating mode is activated, when the internal combustion engine is operative.

US Pat. No. 10,428,771

VAPORIZED-FUEL PROCESSING APPARATUS

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A vaporized-fuel processing apparatus comprising:an intake passage that is defined by an intake manifold and a throttle body;
a chamber that communicates with the intake passage;
a first purge guide hole in the intake manifold to guide vaporized fuel adsorbed in a canister toward the chamber; and
a second purge guide hole in the throttle body to guide the vaporized fuel adsorbed in the canister toward the chamber,
wherein the chamber is disposed downstream of the first purge guide hole and the second purge guide hole and upstream of the intake passage in a flow direction of the vaporized fuel from the canister toward the chamber to mix the vaporized fuel after the vaporized fuel exits from the first purge guide hole and the second purge guide hole and before the vaporized fuel enters the intake passage,
wherein the chamber extends within the intake manifold and within the throttle body from the first purge guide hole and the second purge guide hole to a port that provides an interface between the chamber and the intake passage, and
wherein the chamber is defined at an abutment plane between the intake manifold and the throttle body.

US Pat. No. 10,428,770

SOLENOID VALVE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A solenoid valve comprising:a valve body comprising an inlet through which a fluid is introduced, and a plurality of outlets through which the introduced fluid is discharged; and
at least one armature comprising a first armature and a second armature configured to discharge the fluid introduced from the inlet through at least one of the outlets selected by a control unit, wherein said at least one armature operated by a solenoid configured to open or close each of the outlets,
wherein a plurality of support members are configured to support said at least one armature when said at least one armature is opened and closed, and at least one support member of the plurality of support members is provided between the first armature and the second armature,
wherein the plurality of support members guide the armatures such that the armatures are not moved over a predetermined distance when the armatures are operated to open the outlets,
wherein the support members are stoppers configured to remain stationary with respect to the valve body when said at least one armature moves between the open and closed positions, and
wherein an elastic member is configured to elastically support operation of said at least one armature when said at least one armature is opened and closed, and the elastic member is provided between the first armature and the second armature and disposed outside of the armatures.

US Pat. No. 10,428,766

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR FILLING LPG VEHICLE WITH LPG

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for filling an LPG vehicle with LPG, comprising:i) detecting, by a controller, a temperature in an LPG bombe;
ii) supplying, by the controller, LPG from a fuelling line to the LPG bombe, when the temperature in the bombe is lower than a critical temperature;
iii) supplying, by the controller, the LPG from the fueling line through an auxiliary injection line to an auxiliary chamber disposed in the LPG bombe, when the temperature in the bombe is equal to or higher than the critical temperature;
iv) performing, by the controller, heat exchange between the auxiliary chamber filled with the LPG and an inside of the LPG bombe; and
v) supplying, by the controller, the LPG from the fuelling line to the LPG bombe, when the temperature in the LPG bombe is decreased below the critical temperature through the heat exchange.

US Pat. No. 10,428,765

ASYMMETRIC MULTI DEGREE OF FREEDOM FLUTTER DAMPER

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A flutter damper, comprising:an acoustic liner in fluid communication with a fluid flow the acoustic liner being configured for peak acoustical energy absorption at a frequency range that is greater than a frequency range associated with fan flutter; and
a plurality of modular chambers configured for peak acoustical energy absorption at a frequency range that is associated with one or more fan flutter modes;
the plurality of modular chambers being disposed radially outside of the acoustic liner, the plurality of modular chambers including a circumferential gap between proximate circumferential ends of at least one adjacent pair of modular chambers, and
the plurality of modular chambers each including a plurality of circumferentially aligned and connected acoustic chamber segments; and
wherein each of the plurality of modular chambers has a same volume and at least one of the modular chambers in the plurality of modular chambers has a mutually unique shape; and
circumferential ends of the modular chambers are beveled.

US Pat. No. 10,428,763

CONTROLLING A RELATIVE POSITION AT AN INTERFACE BETWEEN TRANSLATING STRUCTURES OF AN AIRCRAFT NACELLE

Rohr, Inc., Chula Vista,...

1. A nacelle for an aircraft propulsion system, comprising:a stationary support extending circumferentially about an axial centerline;
a fanlet including an inlet structure and a fan cowl, the fanlet configured to translate axially along the axial centerline;
a thrust reverser sleeve configured to translate axially along the axial centerline; and
an interface assembly providing an interface between the stationary support, the fanlet and the thrust reverser sleeve where the fanlet and the thrust reverser sleeve are respectively in stowed positions;
the interface assembly configured to maintain a relative position between an aft end of the fanlet and a forward end of the thrust reverser sleeve at the interface;
the interface assembly including a pair of interlocking components, wherein a first of the pair of interlocking components is mounted to the fanlet at the aft end of the fanlet;
the first of the pair of interlocking components configured with an aperture; and
a second of the pair of interlocking components configured with a projection that extends axially into the aperture where the second of the pair of interlocking components is mated with the first of the pair of interlocking components.

US Pat. No. 10,428,762

SURFACE STRUCTURE OF ALUMINUM-BASED MEMBER

SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION,...

1. A surface structure of an aluminum-based member containing at least insoluble silicon particles, wherein a porous oxide film is provided on a surface of the aluminum-based member, and the oxide film has at least a pore extending from the surface toward an inside in a thickness direction of the oxide film, a void originated from and present inside the insoluble silicon particles extending in a direction substantially orthogonal to the thickness direction of the oxide film, and a pore in a periphery of the insoluble silicon particles: and wherein a length of the insoluble silicon particles contained in the aluminum-based member in the thickness direction of the oxide film is 1 ?m to 40 ?m, andwherein the aluminum-based member contains 8 wt % or more of Si and 2.9 wt % or more of the total of Cu, Ni, Mg, Mn, Zn and Fe, wherein the remaining part consists of aluminum and inevitable impurities.

US Pat. No. 10,428,761

GALLERYLESS PISTON WITH IMPROVED POCKET COOLING

Tenneco Inc., Lake Fores...

1. A piston, comprising:an upper wall including an undercrown surface exposed from an underside of said piston,
a ring belt depending from said upper wall and extending circumferentially around a center axis of said piston,
a pair of pin bosses depending from said upper wall, wherein each of said pin bosses presents a pin bore surrounding a pin bore axis,
a pair of skirt panels depending from said ring belt and coupled to said pin bosses by struts,
an inner undercrown region extending along said undercrown surface and surrounded by said skirt panels and said struts and said pin bosses,
a pair of outer pockets extending along said undercrown surface,
each outer pocket being surrounded by one of said pin bosses, a portion of said ring belt, and said struts coupling said one pin boss to said skirt panels,
at least one hole extending through at least one of said pin bosses and/or at least one of said struts from said inner undercrown region to one of said outer pockets, and
a deflector for directing cooling oil toward said center axis and/or toward said holes, said deflector including at least one rib disposed along an inner surface of one of said skirt panels and spaced from said pin bosses, and said at least one rib extending longitudinally between opposite ends and perpendicular to said pin bore axis.

US Pat. No. 10,428,758

FUEL INJECTION CONTROLLER AND FUEL INJECTION CONTROL METHOD FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A fuel injection controller for an internal combustion engine configured to calculate a fuel injection amount and an injection starting point of time in accordance with an operation state of the internal combustion engine, start energization to an injector at the injection starting point of time, and stop the energization to the injector when an injection time calculated based on the fuel injection amount and a fuel pressure that is a pressure of fuel supplied to the injector elapses from the injection starting point of time, the fuel injection controller comprising:a first calculation section configured to acquire the fuel pressure at a predetermined point of time before the injection starting point of time and calculate the injection time using the acquired fuel pressure; and
a second calculation section configured to acquire the fuel pressure when the injection starting point of time arrives and calculate the injection time using the acquired fuel pressure,
wherein the fuel injection controller is configured to
set a point of time to stop the energization to the injector based on a calculation result of the injection time by the first calculation section before starting the energization to the injector, and
reset the point of time to stop the energization to the injector based on a calculation result of the injection time by the second calculation section after starting the energization to the injector.

US Pat. No. 10,428,757

FUEL INJECTION CONTROL DEVICE FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A fuel injection control device for an internal combustion engine in which each of a plurality of cylinders is provided with an in-cylinder injection valve and a port injection valve, the in-cylinder injection valve being configured to be opened by an electromagnetic force acting on a mover including a magnetic body, the electromagnetic force resulting from energization processing for a coil, the in-cylinder injection valve being configured to inject a fuel into a combustion chamber and the port injection valve being configured to inject the fuel into an intake passage, the fuel injection control device comprising an electronic control unit configured to:execute division processing for learning, the division processing for learning dividing a requested injection amount for controlling control amounts of the internal combustion engine into a partial lift injection amount and a port injection amount, the partial lift injection amount being an injection amount of partial lift injection during which the in-cylinder injection valve is opened such that the in-cylinder injection valve does not reach a maximum lift amount by the energization processing, the port injection amount being an injection amount of the injection of the port injection valve;
execute inflection point detection processing, the inflection point detection processing detecting, on the basis of at least one of a terminal electric potential of the coil and a current flowing through the coil, an inflection point of a change in induced electromotive force of the coil in time attributable to a decline in a relative speed of the mover with respect to the coil resulting from closing of the in-cylinder injection valve by termination of the partial lift injection based on the division processing for learning; and
execute correction processing, the correction processing correcting, on the basis of a timing of the detection of the inflection point the energization processing at a time when the partial lift injection is executed.

US Pat. No. 10,428,755

CONTROL DEVICE FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A control device for an internal combustion engine, having: an electromagnetically-driven fuel injector; a current detection section that detects a drive current of the fuel injector; and a current control section that applies a predetermined voltage to the fuel injector until a detected current, the detected current being detected by the current detection section when the fuel injector is driven to open a valve, arrives at a predetermined target peak current, the control device comprising:an arrival time calculation section that calculates a peak-current arrival time that is a time elapsed before the detected current arrives at the target peak current from a predetermined timing;
a difference time calculation section that calculates a predetermined-current arrival difference time that is a time elapsed before the detected current becomes lower than a predetermined current, which is lower than the target peak current, after exceeding the predetermined current;
a storage section that stores values of the predetermined-current arrival difference time and values of a defined peak-current arrival time wherein the values of the predetermined-current arrival difference time correspond to the values of the defined peak-current arrival time, respectively;
a defined arrival-time calculation section that uses a relationship between the values of the predetermined-current arrival difference time and the values of the defined peak-current arrival time to calculate one of the values of the defined peak-current arrival time corresponding to one of the values of the predetermined-current arrival difference time calculated by the difference time calculation section; and
a determination section that compares the peak-current arrival time calculated by the arrival time calculation section with the defined peak-current arrival time calculated by the defined arrival-time calculation section to determine a shift in the detected current with respect to an actual current.

US Pat. No. 10,428,754

INLINE STICKY TURBOCHARGER COMPONENT DIAGNOSTIC DEVICE AND SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME

BorgWarner Inc., Auburn ...

1. A product comprising an inline diagnostic device connected to a control status line at a position between an electronic control unit and any turbocharger actuator, the inline diagnostic device being constructed and arranged to intercept data being transmitted from the actuator to the ECU, and to compare the data intercepted from the actuator with known data indicative of the actuated component sticking, and to transmit a signal indicating that the actuated component is experiencing sticking behavior if the intercepted data is outside a predetermined range of the known data.

US Pat. No. 10,428,753

CONTROL DEVICE FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A control device for an internal combustion engine applied to a vehicle, the control device comprising:at least one electronic controller configured to:
i) execute idle control for controlling a rotation speed of a crankshaft of the internal combustion engine to reach a target speed for an idle operation,
ii) decrease a first torque when the rotation speed of the internal combustion engine becomes equal to or less than a predetermined speed during the execution of the idle control, the first torque being a torque applied to the crankshaft of the internal combustion engine by an auxiliary machine mounted on the vehicle,
iii) during the execution of the idle control,
a) acquire a second torque, the second torque being a maximum torque that the internal combustion engine is capable of generating, and
b) acquire a third torque, the third torque being a load torque related to the internal combustion engine including the first torque, and
iv) obtain a value from the second torque and the third torque, the value being a torque difference by which a maximum value of a shaft torque capable of being realized in the internal combustion engine exceeds the first torque, and set the predetermined speed during the execution of the idle control to be greater when the torque difference is equal to or less than a predetermined value compared to when the torque difference exceeds the predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,428,752

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE ANGULAR POSITION OF AN ENGINE

Continental Automotive Fr...

1. A method for determining an angular position of an engine by a crankshaft sensor comprising a crankshaft detector facing a crankshaft toothed wheel comprising a large number of regular teeth and a revolution marker, the crankshaft detector being able to produce a signal having a “tooth” event corresponding to an edge for each of the teeth, a “revolution” event for the revolution marker, and a “no tooth” event when two successive “tooth” events are abnormally separated, the method comprising:producing, by the crankshaft sensor, a signal having the “revolution” event,
determination of the revolution event out of two revolutions for a four-stroke engine, a crankshaft performing exactly two revolutions per cycle of the engine, in order to complete the determination of the angular position of the engine, wherein for each of the “no tooth” events possibly produced, a change in direction of rotation of the engine is suspected, and an analysis step is carried out comprising:
a) if in an inverse window, at a distance from a current “no tooth” event equal to a distance between the preceding “revolution” event and the current “no tooth” event, toleranced by +/?a tolerance of the teeth, a new “no tooth” event is produced, the change in direction of rotation is confirmed, and
b) if in the inverse window no “no tooth” event is produced, the change in direction of rotation is invalidated.

US Pat. No. 10,428,751

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CHARACTERIZING A PORT FUEL INJECTOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating an engine, comprising:increasing pressure of a fuel rail to a threshold pressure and deactivating a cylinder of the engine in response to entering deceleration fuel shut-off;
deactivating a fuel pump in response to pressure in the fuel rail being at the threshold pressure;
injecting fuel to the deactivated cylinder;
correlating pressure drop in the fuel rail to injector operation; and
operating a fuel injector responsive to the correlation.

US Pat. No. 10,428,750

TURBOCHARGED INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An internal combustion engine system comprising:a turbine provided in an exhaust passage of an internal combustion engine,
a compressor arranged in an intake passage of the internal combustion engine and driven by the turbine,
a throttle valve provided in the intake passage at a position downstream relative to the compressor,
a fresh air introduction passage connecting an area upstream relative to the compressor and an area downstream relative to the throttle valve in the intake passage to communicate,
a fresh air introduction valve provided in the fresh air introduction passage,
an EGR apparatus configured to recirculate a part of exhaust gas from an area downstream relative to the turbine in the exhaust passage to an area between an inlet of the fresh air introduction passage and the compressor in the intake passage; and
a control device configured to
determine a target opening degree of the fresh air introduction valve based on an operating state of the internal combustion engine,
estimate a leakage gas amount with respect to an amount of the exhaust gas leaking to an upstream side from a downstream side of the fresh air introduction valve when the fresh air introduction valve is closed, and
open the fresh air introduction valve to a larger opening degree than the target opening degree if the leakage gas amount is equal to or greater than a predetermined value when opening the fresh air introduction valve to increase the amount of fresh air to the fresh air target amount.

US Pat. No. 10,428,749

EXHAUST-GAS-TURBOCHARGED INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH PARTIAL DEACTIVATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system, comprising:a supercharged internal combustion engine having at least two cylinders arranged into a first group and a second group, each cylinder having at least one outlet opening adjoined by a respective exhaust line for discharging exhaust gases via an exhaust-gas discharge system, each cylinder having at least one inlet opening adjoined by a respective intake line for supply of charge air via an intake system,
each cylinder of the first group being operational even during partial deactivation of the internal combustion engine, and each cylinder of the second group being a load-dependently switchable cylinder,
each exhaust line of each cylinder of the first group merging to form a first overall exhaust line, thus forming a first exhaust manifold, and each exhaust line of each cylinder of the second group merging to form a second overall exhaust line, thus forming a second exhaust manifold,
each intake line of each cylinder of the first group merging to form a first overall intake line, thus forming a first intake manifold, and each intake line of each cylinder of the second group merging to form a second overall intake line, thus forming a second intake manifold;
a first exhaust-gas turbocharger having a first turbine arranged in the exhaust-gas discharge system and a first compressor arranged in the intake system, the first turbine and the first compressor being arranged in on a first rotatable shaft;
a second exhaust-gas turbocharger having a second turbine arranged in the exhaust-gas discharge system and a second compressor arranged in the intake system, the second turbine and the second compressor being arranged in on a second rotatable shaft;
the first turbine arranged in the first overall exhaust line of the first group and the second turbine arranged in the second overall exhaust line of the second group,
the first compressor arranged in the first overall intake line of the first group and the second compressor arranged in the second overall intake line of the second group, the first and second compressors arranged in parallel, and
the first intake manifold of the first group and the second intake manifold of the second group connectable to one another via a connection, a first shut-off element being arranged in the connection, wherein a second shut-off element is arranged in the second overall intake line between the second compressor and the connection, wherein a third shut-off element is arranged in the second overall exhaust line, and wherein all of the shut-off elements are closed when a load of the supercharged internal combustion engine is less than a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,428,748

CONTROL DEVICE FOR SUPERCHARGING SYSTEM

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. A control device for a supercharging system for supplying compressed intake air to an engine, the supercharging system comprising a supercharger configured to compress intake air to be supplied to the engine, a boost-pressure control unit configured to control a boost pressure of the supercharger, and the control device configured to control the boost-pressure control unit, the control device comprising:an engine controller, including a first processor, and comprising an engine signal input part to which various sensor signals related to an operational state of the engine are to be inputted, and an engine control part configured to control an operational state of the engine and to compute a target boost pressure of the supercharger on the basis of the sensor signals inputted into the engine signal input part; and
a turbo controller, including a second processor separate from the first processor, and comprising a turbo signal input part to which at least sensor signals related to an operational state of the supercharger are to be inputted from among the various sensor signals related to an operational state of the engine, and a turbo control part configured to compute a margin of the supercharger on the basis of the sensor signals inputted to the turbo signal input part, and independently from the engine controller, the turbo controller comprising a control part and the turbo signal input part provided separately and independently from the engine control part and the engine signal input part, respectively, of the engine controller,
wherein one of the engine controller and the turbo controller is configured to compute a target boost-pressure corrected value by correcting the target boost pressure in accordance with a magnitude of the margin computed by the turbo control part, and to control the boost-pressure control unit so that the boost pressure of the supercharger reaches the target boost-pressure corrected value.

US Pat. No. 10,428,747

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING VALVE TIMING OF CONTINUOUS VARIABLE VALVE DURATION ENGINE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for controlling intake and exhaust valves of an engine, the method comprising:controlling, by an intake continuous variable valve timing (CVVT) device, opening and closing timings of the intake valve;
controlling, by an exhaust CVVT device, opening and closing timing of the exhaust valve;
determining, by a controller, a target opening duration of the intake valve, a target opening duration of the exhaust valve, and at least one of a target opening timing or a target closing timing of the intake valve and the exhaust valve, based on an engine load and an engine speed;
modifying, by an intake continuous variable valve duration (CVVD) device, current opening and closing timings of the intake valve based on the target opening duration of the intake valve;
modifying, by an exhaust CVVD device, current opening and closing timings of the exhaust valve based on the target opening duration of the exhaust valve;
advancing, by the intake CVVD device, the current opening timing of the intake valve while simultaneously retarding the current closing timing of the intake valve by a predetermined value and while maintaining a maximum amount of a valve lift of the intake valve at a same level, or retarding the current opening timing of the intake valve while simultaneously advancing the current closing timing of the intake valve by a predetermined value while maintaining the maximum amount of the valve lift of the intake valve at the same level, based on the target opening duration of the intake valve;
advancing, by the exhaust CVVD device, the current opening timing of the exhaust valve while simultaneously retarding the current closing timing of the exhaust valve by a predetermined value while maintaining a maximum amount of a valve lift of the exhaust valve at a same level, or retarding the current opening timing of the exhaust valve while simultaneously advancing the current closing timing of the exhaust valve by a predetermined value while maintaining the maximum amount of the valve lift of the exhaust valve at the same level, based on the target opening duration of the exhaust valve;
determining, by the controller, a third control region where the engine load is greater than a third predetermined load and less than a fourth predetermined load and the engine speed is between first and second predetermined speeds, or where the engine load is greater than the third predetermined load and equal to or less than a fifth predetermined load and the engine speed is between the second predetermined speed and a third predetermined speed; and
advancing, by the intake CVVT device in the third control region and when the engine speed is less than a predetermined speed, the current closing timing of the intake valve to be closer to a bottom dead center (BDC) than in a second control region where the engine load is greater than a second predetermined load and equal to or less than the third predetermined load; or advancing the current closing timing of the intake valve to an angle after BDC when the engine speed is greater than or equal to the predetermined speed.

US Pat. No. 10,428,746

METHOD OF CONTROLLING AN OPERATION OF AN INLET VALVE SYSTEM AND AN INLET VALVE CONTROL SYSTEM

1. A method of controlling an operation of an inlet valve system arranged in connection with each cylinder of an internal combustion piston engine, which method comprises during the operation of the engine steps of1) Monitoring at least one parameter relating to engine load conditions,
2) Controlling, using a primary control procedure, a closing timing of an inlet valve of the inlet valve system in response to the at least one parameter obtained in the step 1), before a bottom dead center, wherein the primary control procedure closes the inlet valve within a first range between a first crank angle value and a second crank angle value before the bottom dead center, and
3) Feeding charge air into the said cylinder via the inlet valve of the inlet valve system when the inlet valve is open,and by using a secondary control procedure the closing timing of the inlet valve of the inlet valve system is controlled in response to at least one parameter relating to the engine load conditions independently from and with higher priority than by using the primary control procedure,which secondary procedure closes the inlet valve within a second range between a third crank angle and a fourth crank angle in respect to the bottom dead center, which third crank angle is outside the first range, and the third crank angle is closer to the bottom dead center than the first range.

US Pat. No. 10,428,745

CHARGE MOTION CONTROL VALVE AND INTAKE RUNNER SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An intake manifold, comprising:a plurality of intake ports with outlets aligned along a common cylinder head plane, where each of the plurality of intake ports includes an inner surface;
a plurality of valve units, where each of the plurality of valve units is inside a corresponding intake port of the plurality of intake ports, each of the plurality of valve units surrounded by the inner surface of the corresponding intake port, and where each of the plurality of valve units includes:
a valve plate, the valve plate rotated about a stationary end of the valve plate,
tubing protruding from the stationary end of the valve plate and extending parallel to the stationary end on both sides of the valve plate,
bushings surrounding the tubing on both sides of the valve plate,
a cartridge that retains the stationary end of the valve plate, where the cartridge includes a U-shaped cavity at each end of the cartridge, and where the bushings and the tubing are positioned within each of the U-shaped cavities, a top of a U-shape for each of the U-shaped cavities being an opening on a front of the cartridge, where the openings on the front of the cartridge are covered by the inner surface of the corresponding intake port; and
a welded connection encircling each intake port upstream of an axis of rotation.

US Pat. No. 10,428,743

DROP-TIGHT SPOOL AND SLEEVE FOR METERING VALVE

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A spool and sleeve assembly for a metering valve comprising:a spool body extending between a first end portion and a second end portion to define a center axis, and wherein the spool body has an outermost diameter at a central portion between the first and second end portions and a first reduced diameter portion that is axially between the central portion and the second end portion of the spool body, and wherein the second end portion of the spool body has an increased diameter relative to the first reduced diameter portion;
a sleeve body having a bore that receives the spool body, the sleeve body including at least one metering window open to the bore, and wherein the spool body is moveable between a metering position to control flow through the metering window and a shutoff position where flow is prevented from exiting an outlet end of the bore, and wherein the first reduced diameter portion of the spool body at least partially overlaps with the at least one metering window when in the metering position; and
a seal assembly reacting between the spool body and the sleeve body to provide at least a first sealing interface associated with the first end portion of the spool body and a second sealing interface associated with the second end portion of the spool body and axially spaced from the first sealing interface when the spool body is in the shutoff position.

US Pat. No. 10,428,742

FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

General Electric Company,...

12. A gas turbine engine defining a flow path and a central axis, the gas turbine engine comprising:a drive shaft extending along the central axis;
a turbine attached to the drive shaft to provide rotation of the drive shaft;
a combustion section positioned forward of the turbine to provide a combustion gas thereto;
a variable geometry component positioned in the flow path of the gas turbine engine; and
a fuel system including:
a component actuator configured to actuate the variable geometry component,
a primary line in fluid communication with the component actuator,
a bypass line including
a bypass inlet disposed on the primary line to receive fuel from the primary line downstream from a servo line in fluid communication with the component actuator,
a bypass outlet disposed on the primary line to return fuel to the primary line upstream from the servo line, and
a bypass valve in variable fluid communication between the bypass inlet and the bypass outlet,
a fuel pressurization valve in fluid communication with the primary line, and
a control device in operable communication with the fuel pressurization valve, the control device configured to:
determine a demand pressure associated with actuating the variable geometry component using the component actuator,
determine the desired valve position based at least in part on an available fuel pressure for motivating the component actuator,
determine a desired valve position for the valve based on the demand pressure, and
adjust a position of the valve according to the desired valve position to generate a fuel pressure at the component actuator that is greater than or equal to the demand pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,428,741

GAS TURBINE ENGINE WITH A GEARED TURBOFAN ARRANGEMENT

1. An aircraft gas turbine engine comprising:a geared turbofan arrangement, including a planetary gearbox connected through a shaft system with a propulsive fan;
wherein the shaft system comprises a helical spline coupling coupling two parts of the shaft system;
wherein the helical spline coupling connects a fan shaft and the planetary gearbox with an axially flexible but torsional stiff flexible element;
wherein the fan shaft includes a tubular wall that at a downstream end of the fan shaft curves radially outward to form a radially extending disc-shaped portion, the flexible element including the radially extending disc-shaped portion.

US Pat. No. 10,428,740

TWIN SHAFTS DRIVING ADJACENT FANS FOR AIRCRAFT PROPULSION

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A propulsion system for an aircraft comprising:at least two fans, each of said two fans having a fan drive shaft; and
a pair of turboshaft gas turbine engines for driving respective ones of said at least two fans, said turboshaft gas turbine engines each driving an output shaft which drives a gear to, in turn, drive a gear on a first intermediate each drive shaft extending from end said turboshaft gas turbine engine in a rearward direction toward an intermediate fan drive shaft, said intermediate fan drive shaft driving said fan drive shaft, and said at least two first intermediate drive shafts extending over a distance that is greater in an axial dimension defined between respective ones of said turboshaft gas turbine engines and said fans than it is in a width dimension defined between said at least two fans.

US Pat. No. 10,428,738

START BIASED LIQUID FUEL MANIFOLD FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

Solar Turbines Incorporat...

1. A liquid fuel distribution system for a gas turbine engine, the fuel distribution system comprising:a plurality of fuel injectors oriented circumferentially about a combustion chamber of the gas turbine engine;
a fuel distribution manifold including
a manifold body,
a stage divider subdividing an internal volume of the manifold body into a primary stage volume and a secondary stage volume, the stage divider including a divider vent fluidly connecting the primary stage volume to the secondary stage volume,
a primary inlet port fluidly connected and adjacent to the primary stage volume,
a secondary inlet port fluidly connected and adjacent to the secondary stage volume,
a plurality of primary stage outlet ports extending from the manifold body between the primary inlet port and the stage divider, each of the plurality of primary stage outlet ports being fluidly connected to the primary stage volume, and
a plurality of secondary stage outlet ports extending from the manifold body between the secondary inlet port and the stage divider, each of the plurality of second stage outlet ports being fluidly connected to the secondary stage volume;
injector fuel tubing fluidly connecting the plurality of primary stage outlet ports and the plurality of secondary stage outlet ports to the plurality of fuel injectors, where the plurality of primary stage outlet ports provides a liquid fuel to a majority of the plurality of fuel injectors and the plurality of secondary stage outlet ports provides the liquid fuel to a remainder of the plurality of fuel injectors;
a primary fuel line fluidly connecting the primary inlet port to a liquid fuel source;
a primary fuel control valve in the primary fuel line between the primary inlet port and the liquid fuel source;
a secondary fuel line fluidly connecting the secondary inlet port to the primary fuel line downstream of the primary fuel control valve; and
a secondary fuel control valve in the secondary fuel line between the primary fuel line and the secondary inlet port.

US Pat. No. 10,428,735

JET ENGINE

IHI Corporation, Koto-ku...

1. A jet engine, comprising:a hollow shaft;
a center bent tube which is inserted into the shaft;
an annular support portion which protrudes from an inner wall surface of the shaft; and
an annular spacer ring which is provided on an outer wall surface of the center bent tube and slidably abuts on the support portion,
wherein the spacer ring includes an outer circumferential surface which has a shape along a surface of the support portion in an axial direction of the shaft, an inner circumferential surface which has a shape along the outer wall surface of the center bent tube in the axial direction of the shaft, and a cut portion in which a portion of the spacer ring is cut, and
wherein both ends of the outer circumferential surface of the spacer ring in the axial direction of the shaft are chamfered.

US Pat. No. 10,428,734

COMPOUND ENGINE ASSEMBLY WITH INLET LIP ANTI-ICING

1. A compound engine assembly comprising:an inlet duct having an inlet in fluid communication with ambient air around the compound engine assembly, the inlet being surrounded by an inlet lip, the inlet lip including at least one conduit extending therethrough;
a compressor having an inlet in fluid communication with the inlet duct;
an engine core including at least one internal combustion engine in driving engagement with an engine shaft, the engine core having an inlet in fluid communication with an outlet of the compressor;
a turbine section having an inlet in fluid communication with an outlet of the engine core, the turbine section including at least one turbine rotor connected to a turbine shaft, the turbine shaft in driving engagement with the engine shaft;
an exhaust duct having an outlet in fluid communication with the ambient air around the compound engine assembly;
a first exhaust conduit providing a fluid communication between an outlet of the turbine section and the exhaust duct; and
a second exhaust conduit providing a fluid communication between the outlet of the turbine section and the at least one conduit of the inlet lip, the at least one conduit of the inlet lip also communicating with the ambient air around the compound engine assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,428,728

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH PARALLEL SUPERCHARGING AND WITH AN ACTIVATABLE TURBINE, AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE FOR CARRYING OUT A METHOD OF SAID TYPE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating a supercharged internal combustion engine having at least two cylinders and having an intake system for supply of charge air to the at least two cylinders, each cylinder having at least two outlet openings for discharge of exhaust gases, at least one of the at least two outlet openings in each cylinder in the form of an activatable outlet opening, each outlet opening being adjoined by an exhaust line for the discharge of the exhaust gases via an exhaust-gas discharge system, a first exhaust-gas turbocharger and a second exhaust-gas turbocharger, the first exhaust-gas turbocharger comprising a first turbine and a first compressor which are arranged on a first shaft, which first shaft is mounted rotatably in an oil-lubricated bearing arrangement, the second exhaust-gas turbocharger comprising a second turbine and a second compressor which are arranged on a second shaft, the first compressor and the second compressor are arranged in parallel in the intake system, the first compressor being arranged in a first intake line and the second compressor being arranged in a second intake line of the intake system, and the first and second intake lines merging, downstream of the first and second compressors, to form an overall intake line, a first shut-off valve arranged downstream of the first compressor, in the first intake line, respective exhaust lines of the activatable outlet openings of the at least two cylinders merge to form a first exhaust manifold coupled to a first overall exhaust line which is connected to the first turbine of the first exhaust-gas turbocharger, and respective exhaust lines of the other outlet openings of the at least two cylinders merge to form a second exhaust manifold coupled to a second overall exhaust line which is connected to the second turbine of the second exhaust-gas turbocharger, the method comprising:during a first condition, including a deactivated first turbine and deactivated outlet openings, increasing a pressure at a compressor-side end of the bearing arrangement of the first shaft of the first exhaust-gas turbocharger using an auxiliary mechanism, wherein the auxiliary mechanism comprises one or more of a pump, a second feed line, and an electric auxiliary drive.

US Pat. No. 10,428,727

BONDING STRENGTH ENHANCEMENT FOR CERAMIC COATING ON HIGH TEMPERATURE ALLOY

Ford Motor Company, Dear...

16. A power system comprising:an engine;
a turbocharger comprising a component disposed within an exhaust stream of the engine and being exposed to exhaust flow and temperatures of at least 200° C., wherein at least one surface of the component comprises an oxide layer and a ceramic coating that functions as a primary catalyst to accelerate heating of the exhaust stream proximate the component adhered to the oxidation layer; and
at least one aftertreatment system downstream of the turbocharger.

US Pat. No. 10,428,726

CONTROL APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A control apparatus for an internal combustion engine that includes a turbocharger that pressurizes intake air in an intake passage, a an intercooler cooling intake air flowing through a predetermined portion of the intake passage at a location downstream of a compressor of the turbocharger, by using coolant circulating through a first radiator and a first cooling circuit, a coolant inflow passage connected to the first cooling circuit, a coolant outflow passage connected to the first cooling circuit, and a coolant regulating valve positioned in the coolant inflow passage for increasing a temperature of the coolant in the first cooling circuit, and an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) line recirculating part of exhaust gases in an exhaust passage to an upstream side of the predetermined portion of the intake passage, the EGR line comprising a cooler and an EGR valve,the control apparatus comprising non-transitory executable instructions to:
determine whether the internal combustion engine is operating in an EGR execution region where recirculation of exhaust gases occurs via the opening of the EGR valve in the EGR line or is operating in an EGR stop region where the recirculation of exhaust gases is stopped by the closure of the EGR valve in the EGR line;
regulate an amount of exhaust gases recirculated into the intake passage via the EGR valve, when the internal combustion engine is determined to be in the EGR execution region;
regulate the temperature of the coolant in the first cooling circuit by adjusting a position of the coolant regulating valve in the coolant inflow line to maintain a temperature of the intake air having passed through the predetermined portion of the intake passage above a dewpoint temperature when the internal combustion engine is determined to be in the EGR execution region;
and
wherein the EGR stop region has a first region and a second region,
wherein in the first region of the EGR stop region, the control apparatus regulates the temperature of the coolant in the first cooling circuit by adjusting the position of the coolant regulating valve in the coolant inflow line to maintain the temperature of the intake air having passed through the predetermined portion of the intake passage above the dewpoint temperature when the internal combustion engine is determined to be in the EGR stop region;
wherein in the second region of the EGR stop region, the control apparatus fully closes the coolant regulating valve positioned in the coolant inflow line.

US Pat. No. 10,428,725

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING ENGINE OVERHEATING USING LIQUID FUEL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine system, comprising:in response to an overheating condition of a multi-cylinder engine and based on additional operating conditions, selecting, via a controller, between cooling the engine via air flow through the engine and cooling the engine via liquid fuel;
in response to selecting cooling the engine via air flow through the engine, flowing air through one or more engine cylinders while disabling fueling of the one or more engine cylinders; and
in response to selecting cooling the engine via liquid fuel, fueling a subset of engine cylinders with liquid fuel that is not combusted while deactivating intake and exhaust valves of each of the subset of engine cylinders.

US Pat. No. 10,428,724

COOLING DEVICE FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A cooling device for an internal combustion engine, the cooling device comprising:a circulation path for a coolant, the circulation path including a water jacket of the internal combustion engine;
a coolant temperature sensor disposed on the circulation path, the coolant temperature sensor being configured to detect a coolant temperature;
a coolant pump disposed on the circulation path; and
an electronic control unit configured to control the coolant pump based on an output of the coolant temperature sensor,
wherein the electronic control unit is configured to execute
processing for performing feedback control on power of the coolant pump such that the output of the coolant temperature sensor becomes a target temperature,
micelle determination processing for determining whether or not micelles are added to the coolant based on pump work of the coolant pump and a flow rate of the coolant flowing through the circulation path,
Toms determination processing for determining whether or not the flow rate satisfies a Toms effect expression condition, and
correction processing for increasing a relative value of the output of the coolant temperature sensor with respect to the target temperature when the micelles is added and the Toms effect expression condition is established.

US Pat. No. 10,428,723

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING WATER PUMP FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for controlling a water pump for a vehicle, the method comprising steps of:determining whether an engine is on;
measuring a coolant temperature of the engine and a revolutions per minute (RPM) of the engine when the engine is on;
determining whether the measured coolant temperature is equal to or greater than a reference coolant temperature;
determining a first RPM of the water pump, which adjusts a coolant flow rate, from the measured coolant temperature and the measured RPM of the engine, when the measured coolant temperature is equal to or greater than the reference coolant temperature;
determining a second RPM of the water pump from an exhaust gas temperature, when the measured coolant temperature is less than the reference coolant temperature; and
controlling the water pump such that the water pump is operated according to the determined RPM of the water pump.

US Pat. No. 10,428,722

TEMPERATURE MANAGEMENT METHOD FOR HYBRID VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A temperature management method for a hybrid vehicle, wherein the vehicle includes:a flow rate control valve controlling flow of coolant to an engine, a heater, a heat exchanger, and a radiator; and
an exhaust heat recovery device coupled to the flow rate control valve via the heater, the exhaust heat recovery device performing heat exchange between the coolant received from the heater and exhaust gas received from the engine, and supplying the heat-exchanged coolant to the engine,
the method comprising:
identifying, by a controller, at a heater identification step, whether the heater is on or off; and
identifying, by the controller, at a control step, at least one of an outside air temperature, a coolant temperature, or an oil temperature depending on a result of the heater identification step, and operating the flow rate control valve in a flow stop mode to prevent the coolant of the engine from discharging.

US Pat. No. 10,428,720

COOLING APPARATUS OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A cooling apparatus of an internal combustion engine for cooling a cylinder head and a cylinder block of the internal combustion engine by cooling water, comprising:a pump for circulating the cooling water;
a first water passage formed in the cylinder head;
a second water passage formed in the cylinder block;
a third water passage which connects a first end of the first water passage to a first pump opening which is one of a pump discharging opening and a pump suctioning opening, the pump discharging opening being an opening of the pump for discharging the cooling water, the pump suctioning opening being an opening of the pump for suctioning the cooling water;
a normal flow connection water passage for connecting a first end of the second water passage to the first pump opening;
an opposite flow connection water passage for connecting the first end of the second water passage to a second pump opening which is the other of the pump discharging opening and the pump suctioning opening;
a switching part for switching a water passage between the normal flow connection water passage and the opposite flow connection water passage;
a fourth water passage which connects the second end of the first water passage and the second end of the second water passage to each other;
a fifth water passage and a sixth water passage which connect the fourth water passage to the second pump opening;
a radiator provided in the fifth water passage for cooling the cooling water;
a heat exchanger provided in the sixth water passage for exchanging heat with the cooling water;
a first shut-off valve for opening the fifth water passage when the first shut-off valve is set to an open position and shutting the fifth water passage off when the first shut-off valve is set to a closed position;
a second shut-off valve for opening the sixth water passage when the second shut-off valve is set to an open position and shutting the sixth water passage off when the second shut-off valve is set to a closed position; and
an electronic control unit for controlling activations of the pump, the switching part, the first shut-off valve, and the second shut-off valve,
the cooling water flowing through the normal flow connection water passage when the switching part performs a normal flow connection operation,
the cooling water flowing through the opposite flow connection water passage when the switching part performs an opposite flow connection operation,
wherein the electronic control unit is configured to:
execute a first semi-warmed state control for activating the pump, setting the first shut-off valve to the closed position setting the second shut-off valve to the closed position, and causing the switching part to perform the opposite flow connection operation when a temperature of the internal combustion engine is equal to or higher than a first temperature and lower than a second temperature, and a supply of the cooling water to the heat exchanger is not requested, the first temperature being set to a temperature lower than an engine completely-warmed temperature at which a warming of the internal combustion engine is estimated to be completed, the second temperature being set to a temperature higher than the first temperature and lower than the engine completely-warmed temperature;
execute a completely-warmed state control for activating the pump, setting the first shut-off valve to the open position, setting the second shut-off valve to the closed position, and causing the switching part to perform the normal flow connection operation when the temperature of the internal combustion engine is equal to or higher than the engine completely-warmed temperature, and the supply of the cooling water to the heat exchanger is not requested; and
execute a second semi-warmed state control for activating the pump, setting the first shut-off valve to the closed position, setting the second shut-off valve to the open position, and causing the switching part to perform the normal flow connection operation when the temperature of the internal combustion engine is equal to or higher than the second temperature and lower than the engine completely-warmed temperature, and the supply of the cooling water to the heat exchanger is not requested.

US Pat. No. 10,428,716

HIGH-TEMPERATURE EXHAUST SENSOR

Sensata Technologies, Inc...

1. A sensing device for sensing a physical quantity of a fluid having a high temperature, comprising:a cable having an outer metallic jacket, conductors surrounded by the outer metallic jacket, and Magnesium Oxide insulation in contact with the conductors;
a sensing element configured for sensing the physical quantity and coupled to a sensing end of the cable;
a sealing flange element coupled to the outer metallic jacket of the cable; and
a tube-like element, having a proximal end attached to the sealing flange element, surrounding at least a part of the cable between the sealing flange element and the sensing end of the cable, wherein the sensing element is located exterior to the tube-like element and a major part of the inner surface of the tube-like element is at a predefined distance from the outer surface of the cable forming a gap between the cable and the tube-like element.

US Pat. No. 10,428,715

EXHAUST GAS ANALYZING SYSTEM AND PUMPING DEVICE

HORIBA, LTD., Kyoto (JP)...

1. An exhaust gas analyzing system for sampling a part of or a whole of an exhaust gas emitted from an internal combustion engine, diluting the exhaust gas for analysis, and analyzing resulting gas, the system comprising:an exhaust gas flow passage through which the exhaust gas flows;
a dilution gas flow passage through which dilution gas flows;
a main flow passage, provided with a PM collection filter and connected to the exhaust gas flow passage and to the dilution gas flow passage, that flows a diluted exhaust gas resulting from mixing the exhaust gas and the dilution gas with each other;
a diluted exhaust gas sampling flow passage connected to the main flow passage at an upstream side of the PM collection filter for sampling a part of the diluted exhaust gas from the main flow passage for introduction to an exhaust gas analyzer that continuously measures particulate matter contained in the diluted exhaust gas;
a diluted exhaust gas flow rate adjusting mechanism connected to the main flow passage at a downstream side of the PM collection filter that adjusts a flow rate of the diluted exhaust gas flowing through the main flow passage; and
a controller that alters a setting flow rate of the diluted exhaust gas flow rate adjusting mechanism on a basis of a sampling flow rate of the diluted exhaust gas flowing through the diluted exhaust gas sampling flow passage.

US Pat. No. 10,428,714

CONTROL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A control device for an internal combustion engine, in which an electric heating catalyst having a catalyst support generating heat by energizing is provided to an exhaust passage, the control device comprising:an electronic controller configured to energize the support in the case where a rapid decrease in intake air amount of the internal combustion engine is detected, wherein the rapid decrease in intake air amount is detected when a rate of change of the intake air amount exceeds a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,428,712

VARIABLE-POSITION MIXER FOR AN EXHAUST GAS AFTER-TREATMENT SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An after-treatment (AT) system for a flow of exhaust gas from an internal combustion engine, the AT system comprising:a first AT device;
a second AT device in fluid communication with and positioned in the flow of exhaust gas downstream of the first AT device and configured to reduce concentration of a pollutant;
an exhaust passage configured to carry the flow of exhaust gas from the first AT device to the second AT device;
an injector configured to introduce a reductant into the exhaust passage;
a variable-position mixer arranged within the exhaust passage downstream of the injector and includes a plurality of pivotable louvers having a first louver and a second louver synchronized such that the first louver pivots in a first direction when the second louver pivots in a second direction that is opposite to the first direction; and
a mechanism configured to regulate a position of the variable-position mixer between and inclusive of a first mixer position configured to increase a swirling motion and turbulence in the flow of exhaust gas carried by the exhaust passage to thereby mix the introduced reductant with the flow of exhaust gas, and a second mixer position configured to reduce a backpressure generated by the mixer, wherein the mechanism includes a shiftable plate configured to pivot, in tandem, the first louver in the first direction and the second louver in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,428,711

MIXER FOR MIXING EXHAUST GAS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A mixer, comprising:an outer annular portion exterior to an exhaust pipe and an inner annular portion interior to the exhaust pipe, where the outer annular portion comprises a spiral fin extending around the exhaust pipe in a downstream direction with respect to exhaust flow, wherein the inner annular portion is curved and comprises a C-shaped cross-section in the downstream direction, and where the inner annular portion comprises a venturi passage located along its central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,428,707

PARTIAL-FLOW DIESEL PARTICULATE FILTER USING PRESSURE REGULATED BYPASS

Southwest Research Instit...

1. A system for particulate matter reduction, comprising:a diesel particulate filtration system, wherein said diesel particulate filtration system includes an inlet, a first outlet, and an exhaust path between said inlet and said first outlet, 1 to 20 diesel particulate filter elements positioned in said exhaust path between said inlet and said first outlet, a maintenance flag indicator, and a bypass valve having an opening providing a cross-section area in the range of one to 100 percent of said 1 to 20 diesel particulate filter elements,
wherein said diesel particulate filtration system is configured to have a diesel engine having a horsepower of 500 or greater operatively coupled to said inlet and said 1 to 20 diesel particulate filter elements have a total volume that is less than 1.9 times a swept volume of said diesel engine wherein said diesel engine provides a maximum allowable engine backpressure in the range of 0.4 in Hg to 10 in Hg
wherein said bypass valve is configured to open when said maximum allowable engine backpressure in the range of 0.4 in Hg to 10 in Hg is exceeded,
wherein said system further comprising a controller with control program logic that is configured to perform the steps of considering whether said maximum allowable engine backpressure is reached while operating at an engine load lower than expected to reach said maximum allowable backpressure and setting said maintenance flag indicator indicating said 1 to 20 diesel particulate filter elements are clogged when said maximum allowable backpressure is reached operating at said lower than expected engine load,
wherein when said bypass valve is closed, exhaust gas including particulate matter passes through said 1 to 20 diesel particulate filter elements and said diesel particulate filtration system removes at least 90 percent of said particulate matter from said exhaust gas, and
when said bypass valve is open, a portion of said exhaust gas passes through said 1 to 20 diesel particulate filter elements and a remainder of said exhaust gas passes through said bypass valve without the benefit of filtration wherein said diesel particulate filtration system removes at least 40 percent of said particulate matter from said exhaust gas.

US Pat. No. 10,428,704

OIL FILTER ANTI-ROTATION LOCK FOR AN ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An oil filter system for use with a lubricating system of an engine, the oil filter system comprising:an oil filter attachment base having a first side and a second side, said oil filter attachment base being attached to an engine;
an oil filter having a lower end, said lower end removably attached to said first side of said oil filter attachment base;
a ratchet ring gear attached to one of said lower end of said oil filter or said first side of said oil filter attachment base; and
a ratchet pawl assembly pivotably attached to the other of said lower end of said oil filter or said first side of said oil filter attachment base,
wherein said ratchet pawl assembly engages said ratchet ring gear.

US Pat. No. 10,428,703

MACHINE LUBRICANT ADDITIVE DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A lubrication system in a machine comprising:a sump to collect a bulk portion of lubricant;
a pump adapted to circulate the lubricant from the sump through a lubricant line to an area of the machine for lubrication;
an oil filter disposed along the lubrication line adapted to filter the lubricant flowing through the lubricant line; and
an additive fixture in fluid flow communication with the oil filter adapted to house at least one additive material section and distribute the additive material in a lubrication flow circulation;
wherein the additive fixture is integrated into a lubricant dipstick of the machine, and
wherein the additive material is replenishable independently from the oil filter.

US Pat. No. 10,428,700

HIGHLY WEAR-RESISTANT VALVE SEAT FOR USE IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

NIPPON PISTON RING CO., L...

1. A wear-resistant valve seat insert for an internal combustion engine, comprising:two integrated layers, made by a sintered body,
wherein a first layer of said two integrated layers, on the valve-contacting face side of the valve seat insert, has a matrix part composition that contains
C: 0.3 to 2.0% by mass, one or more selected from the group consisting of Co, Si, Ni, Mo, Cr, Mn, S, W, and V at 70% by mass or less in total, and the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities, and
a matrix part structure which contains hard-particles at from 10 to 65% by mass with respect to a total amount of the layer on the valve-contacting face side and disperses the hard-particles at 1000 particles/mm2 or more,
wherein the hard-particles are Co-based intermetallic compound particles having a Vickers hardness HV0.1 of from 500 to 1200 HV, and
wherein a second layer of said two integrated layers, on the seating face side of the valve seat insert, has a matrix part composition that contains
C: 0.3 to 2.0% by mass, one or more selected from the group consisting of Mo, Si, Ni, Cr, Mn, S, W and V, at 10% by mass or less in total, and the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities.

US Pat. No. 10,428,699

PIVOT BEARING OF A HYDRAULIC CLEARANCE COMPENSATION ELEMENT

1. A pivot bearing of a hydraulic clearance compensation element, the pivot bearing comprising:a first part projecting in an axial direction (a) with a surface that is convex at least in some sections, the first part being partially formed as a ball, and
a second part with a surface that is concave at least in some sections for at least partially holding the first part,
the second part surrounds the ball with an undercut in the axial direction (a), and an opening of the second part provided for holding the ball has, viewed in the axial direction (a), a non-circular contour.

US Pat. No. 10,428,698

VALVE DRIVE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Mahle International GmbH,...

1. A valve drive for an internal combustion engine, the valve drive comprising:a camshaft and at least one cam follower;
the camshaft including at least one cam group non-rotatably fixed on the camshaft, the at least one cam group including a first cam and a second cam disposed axially adjacent to the first cam;
the at least one cam follower being drive-connected to the first cam of the at least one cam group in a first position and to the second cam of the at least one cam group in a second position;
at least one adjusting device including a first adjustable engagement element and a second adjustable engagement element;
the first engagement element comprising a pin interacting with a first slotted guide arranged on the camshaft and the second engagement element comprising a pin interacting with a second slotted guide arranged on the camshaft;
wherein the first engagement element and the second engagement element are alternately adjustable between a basic position and a switching position;
wherein, when in the basic position, the first engagement element and the second engagement element do not contact the first slotted guide and the second slotted guide, respectively, and, when in the switching position, the first engagement element and the second engagement element interact with the first slotted guide and the second slotted guide, respectively;
at least one control shaft including at least one control element group, the at least one control element group including a first control element arranged on the at least one control shaft and a second control element arranged on the at least one control shaft, the first control element and the second control element each having a radially outwardly projecting stop region, wherein the first control element and the second control element are adjustable, relative to the at least one control shaft, to a switching element position and to a basic element position; and
wherein in the switching element position the first engagement element and the second engagement element are adjusted from the basic position to the switching position via the stop region of a respective one of the first control element and the second control element, and wherein in the basic element position the respective one of the first control element and the second control element does not contact the first engagement element and the second engagement element, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,428,697

FLUID DIVERTER

1. A fluid diverter comprising:a cylindrical body defining a first fluid passage extending from a first axial end of the cylindrical body and a second fluid passage circumferentially offset from the first fluid passage and extending from a second axial end of the cylindrical body, and a seepage orifice defined in the cylindrical body providing a fluid communication path between the first axial end and the second axial end; and
an extension arm extending axially from the cylindrical body and including a locating receptacle dimensioned to receive a fixing element to rotationally and axially fix the fluid diverter.

US Pat. No. 10,428,696

ELECTROMAGNETIC ACTUATOR HAVING CLAMPING-FREE TAPPETS

1. An actuator device comprising a first tappet and a second tappet, with the first tappet being arranged in a displaceable fashion in a first guide sleeve and the second tappet in a second guide sleeve, with the first tappet being surrounded at least sectionally along its longitudinal axis by a first return spring and the second tappet at least sectionally along its longitudinal axis by a second return spring, and with the two guide sleeves being arranged at a fixed distance from each other, wherein the first return spring represents a coil spring wound in the left direction and the second return spring represents a coil spring wound in the right direction.

US Pat. No. 10,428,695

COMBINED CYCLE PLANT, DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING SAID PLANT, AND METHOD FOR STARTING UP SAID PLANT

MITSUBISHI HITACHI POWER ...

1. A device for controlling a combined cycle plant, the combined cycle plant including a gas turbine, a heat recovery steam generator, and a steam turbine, the device comprising:a controller configured to set a standby load to continuously change in accordance with a change in metal temperature of the steam turbine, the standby load being a load retained on the gas turbine when the gas turbine is started up;
wherein the controller is configured to:
acquire the metal temperature of the steam turbine;
set the standby load based on the metal temperature acquired, and to continuously adjust the standby load in accordance with the change in metal temperature of the steam turbine; and
start up and drive the gas turbine such that a load of the gas turbine reaches the standby load and the load of the gas turbine is retained on the standby load.

US Pat. No. 10,428,692

TURBINE CENTER FRAME FAIRING ASSEMBLY

General Electric Company,...

1. A fairing assembly, comprising:a frame hub which is spaced radially inwardly from a casing;
a metal strut extending from said frame hub radially outwardly toward said casing; and
a fairing formed of a low coefficient of thermal expansion material having a different rate of thermal expansion than the metal strut, said fairing extending between said casing and said hub and disposed over said metal strut;
wherein said fairing is biased in a radial direction by a flexing bracket which compensates for relative thermal growth between said fairing and one of said frame hub and said casing.

US Pat. No. 10,428,689

HEAT SHIELD FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

1. A subassembly for a gas turbine engine having a longitudinal engine axis, the subassembly comprising:a carrier having one or more support features to couple to a casing of the engine, the carrier including a downstream end and an upstream end, the upstream end of the carrier including a radially inward arm extending toward the engine axis; and
a radially floating heat shield including an outer end and an inner end, the outer end of the heat shield coupled to the radially inward arm via a joint configured to allow movement of the heat shield relative to the radially inward arm, wherein the heat shield includes a first leg and a second leg, wherein the second leg is spaced from the first leg by a bap formed to receive the radially inward arm.

US Pat. No. 10,428,688

TURBINE RING ASSEMBLY COMPRISING A COOLING AIR DISTRIBUTION ELEMENT

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. Turbine ring assembly comprising a plurality of ring segments made of ceramic matrix composite material or of metal material forming a turbine ring and a ring support structure, each ring segment having, along a cutting plane defined by an axial direction and a radial direction of the turbine ring, a part forming an annular base with, in the radial direction of the turbine ring, an internal face defining the internal face of the turbine ring and an external face from which extend a first and a second attachment tabs, the ring support structure comprising a first and a second radial tabs between which are held the first and second attachment tabs of each ring segment, as well as a plurality of cooling air supply orifices,the turbine ring assembly further comprising, for each ring segment, a cooling air distribution element fixed to the ring support structure and positioned in a first cavity delimited between the turbine ring and the ring support structure, said distribution element comprising a body defining an internal cooling air distribution volume and comprising a multi-perforated plate communicating with the internal cooling air distribution volume and emerging in a second cavity delimited between the turbine ring and the multi-perforated plate, the distribution element further comprising at least one cooling air guiding portion extending from the body and defining an internal channel communicating with one of the cooling air supply orifices and emerging in the internal cooling air distribution volume,
wherein the turbine ring assembly comprises, for each ring segment, at least three pins for radially holding the ring segment in position, at least two of the pins cooperating with one of the first or second attachment tabs of the ring segment and the corresponding first or second radial tab of the ring support structure, and at least one of the pins cooperating with the other attachment tab of the ring segment and the corresponding radial tab of the ring support structure, the first radial tab comprising a first annular radial portion secured to the ring support structure and a removable second annular radial portion extending radially towards the center of the turbine ring beyond said first annular radial portion, the part of the second annular radial portion extending beyond the first annular radial portion comprising first orifices for receiving one of said pins,
and wherein the removable second annular radial portion comprises, for each ring segment, at least one second and one third orifices each receiving an added element, the added element received in the at least one second orifice passing through the first annular radial portion and the added element received in the at least one third orifice being housed in an orifice defined by the at least one cooling air guiding portion of the cooling air distribution element so as to ensure the fixing of said distribution element to the ring support structure.

US Pat. No. 10,428,685

FLUTTER INHIBITING INTAKE FOR GAS TURBINE PROPULSION SYSTEM

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. An acoustic liner for a nacelle inlet of a gas turbine engine, comprising:a flutter damper comprising:
a circumferential array of chambers disposed about the acoustic liner, wherein a flutter dampening volume includes a volume of the circumferential array and a volume of the acoustic liner, each of the chambers including:
a first cavity having a radially inner side in fluid communication with a flow path, the first cavity extending rapidly outwardly from the acoustic liner, and a second cavity having a radially inner side in fluid communication with a radially outer side of the first cavity, the second cavity having an arcuate profile and a larger volume than the first cavity; and
the flutter damper having an impedance characteristic at one or more target frequencies defined as:
ftarget=fS,ND+?·ND
wherein
fS,ND is a resonance frequency corresponding to a structural mode of a rotating component;
ND is a nodal diameter count of the structural mode; and
? is a rotational speed of the rotating component; and
wherein the flutter damper has the following impedance characteristic at the one or more targeted frequencies:
R?2?c
?3?c?X??0.6?c
wherein R is the real part of the impedance characteristic, X is the imaginary part of the impedance characteristic, ? is air density, and c is speed of sound.

US Pat. No. 10,428,684

TURBINE AIRFOIL WITH ADDITIVE MANUFACTURED REINFORCEMENT OF THERMOPLASTIC BODY

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A component for a gas turbine engine comprising:an airfoil body formed of a plastic;
a reinforcement portion, said reinforcement portion having webs formed of a metallic material and extending into said airfoil body; and
wherein said airfoil body having a passage and a shaft on said reinforcement portion extending through said passage.

US Pat. No. 10,428,683

ABRASIVE GEL DETERGENT FOR CLEANING GAS TURBINE ENGINE COMPONENTS

General Electric Company,...

1. A method for in-situ cleaning one or more components of a gas turbine engine, the method comprising:securing a supply of gel detergent to a surface of one or more of the components of the gas turbine engine such that an inlet of the supply aligns with an inlet of one or more cooling passageways of the one or more components;
injecting the gel detergent from the inlet of the supply into the aligned inlet of the one or more cooling passageways of the one or more of the components of the gas turbine engine at a predetermined pressure, the gel detergent comprising a plurality of abrasive particles suspended in a gel composition, the plurality of abrasive particles comprising organic material, the gel composition comprising a liquid carrier comprising a mixture of detergent particles diluted in water and dissolved in a gel reactant; and
allowing the gel detergent to flow across or within one or more of the components of the gas turbine engine so as to clean one or more of the components.

US Pat. No. 10,428,682

ELECTRIC MOTOR ARRANGEMENTS FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINES

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A motor arrangement, comprising:a shaft;
a motor with a cage winding connected to the shaft; and
a generator with a permanent magnet (PM) and a position/speed winding, the permanent magnet being connected to the shaft, wherein the PM is fixed in rotation relative to the cage winding, the position/speed winding being configured to output a position/speed signal in response to rotation of the PM, the position/speed signal is used to determine a control signal for controlling inversion of a supplied direct current (DC) power for generation of an excitation signal applied to the motor to cause rotation of the shaft and to provide slow rotation to a gas turbine engine rotor for controlling distortion during cool down.

US Pat. No. 10,428,681

CONTAINMENT CASING

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A gas turbine engine, comprising:a tubular containment casing comprising (i) a series of axially-extending wall portions each having a radially outer surface and a radially inner surface, (ii) a series of axially-extending external edges between the outer surfaces of adjoining ones of the wall portions, and (iii) a series of axially-extending internal joins between the inner surfaces of adjoining ones of the wall portions; and
a rotary fan blade assembly,
wherein a radially outer perimeter and a radially inner perimeter of a radial cross-sectional profile of a portion of the containment casing surrounding the fan blade assembly are polygonal.

US Pat. No. 10,428,680

MAGNETIC SENSOR SYSTEM FOR DETECTING ABNORMAL MOVEMENT IN A GAS TURBINE SHAFT

WESTON AEROSPACE LIMITED,...

1. A system for detecting breakage of a gas turbine shaft comprising:a magnetic circuit, forming one or more closed loop paths containing a magnetic flux, comprising a first magnetic portion and a second portion, and including at least one air gap between the first portion and the second portion; and
a detection coil wound around the first magnetic portion;
wherein, the second portion is coupled to or moveable with the gas turbine shaft to reduce the at least one air gap, on axial movement of the gas turbine shaft, to change the reluctance of the magnetic circuit and thereby induce a voltage in the detection coil.

US Pat. No. 10,428,673

ASPIRATING FACE SEAL ASSEMBLY AND A METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. An aspirating face seal assembly for a turbo-machine comprising a rotor assembly having a first radially extending portion defining a rotor surface, the aspirating face seal assembly comprising:a seal body comprising a second radially extending portion defining a bearing surface and comprising one or more feed holes and a plurality of return channels, wherein the second radially extending portion is configured to be disposed in the turbo-machine such that the bearing surface is disposed facing the rotor surface, the one or more feed holes configured to enable a feed flow of a pressurized fluid toward the rotor surface; and
an annular ring comprising one or more openings and concentrically disposed on the second radially extending portion, wherein the annular ring is configured to be disposed between the rotor surface and the second radially extending portion and rotate in an event of rub between the first radially extending portion and the annular ring.

US Pat. No. 10,428,672

FLOATING, NON-CONTACT SEAL AND DIMENSIONS THEREOF

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A seal comprising:a support ring having a first axial support ring end and a second axial support ring end;
a shoe having a circumferentially extending length and an axially extending width, the axially extending width extending between a first axial shoe end and a second axial shoe end; and
at least two beams, each having an axially extending width that extends between a first axial beam end and a second axial beam end, each beam having a first circumferential end and a second circumferential end;
wherein the second circumferential end of each beam is connected to a first member that is connected to the shoe, and the first circumferential end of each beam is connected to a second member that is connected to the support ring and wherein the first and second axial beam ends of each beam extend from the first member to the second member;
wherein the first axial beam end of each beam is disposed axially outside of the first axial shoe end of the shoe and the second axial beam end of each beam is disposed axially inside of the first axial shoe end of the shoe; and
wherein the first axial beam end of each beam extends axially beyond the first axial support ring end with respect to the second axial support ring end.

US Pat. No. 10,428,670

INGESTION SEAL

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. An arrangement of a rotating component and a stationary component of a gas turbine engine, comprising:a rotating component;
a stationary component positioned to define an actual gap between the rotating component and the stationary component; and
a flow restriction feature formed as a hook feature in the stationary component, the flow restriction feature configured to induce a recirculation flow at the actual gap, thereby defining an effective gap between the rotating component and the stationary component to reduce a leakage flow therebetween, while maintaining the actual gap greater than the effective gap;
wherein the actual gap is a radial gap defined between a first axially-extending surface of the rotating component and a second axially-extending surface of the stationary component, the second axially-extending surface disposed radially outboard of the first axially-extending surface, the first axially-extending surface terminating at a first corner, the second axially-extending surface and the flow restriction feature defining a second corner at the intersection thereof, the first corner extending axially into an area defined by the flow restriction feature, beyond the second corner;
wherein, in a direction of leakage flow from a hot gas path to the actual gap, the flow restriction feature is disposed between the hot gas path and the actual gap.

US Pat. No. 10,428,668

VANE SEGMENT WITH PERIPHERAL SECURING

MTU Aero Engines AG, Mun...

1. A guide vane segment for an aircraft gas turbine, comprising at least a radially outer shroud and a radially inner shroud, which extend along a respective circular arc and together form a ring segment, wherein, in the radial direction, between the outer shroud and the inner shroud, a plurality of guide vanes are arranged in the peripheral direction next to one another, the vanes being materially joined with the inner shroud and the outer shroud, joined in one piece, wherein the outer shroud, in an axial longitudinal direction, comprises an axially forward or leading end face element and an axially rear or trailing end face element, such that the outer shroud and the two end faces form a tub-shaped profile in longitudinal section, wherein a reinforcement rib assigned to each guide vane is formed on the outer shroud and extends between the two end faces, wherein at least two securing ribs arranged next to one another are formed on the trailing end face for at least one guide vane,wherein a gap is delimited by the two securing ribs in the circumferential direction, and
wherein a width of the gap decreases radially from the outside to the inside such that the gap tapers radially from the outside to the inside.

US Pat. No. 10,428,667

MACHINING PROCESS FOR MULTI-VANE NOZZLE

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. Method for machine finishing a shape of a blank casting for a multi-vane member of a turbine engine, the blank casting comprising at least:one first vane and one second vane extending substantially in a radial direction between a radially inner wall and a radially outerwall,
a suction face of the first vane defining, together with a pressure face and a trailing edge of the second vane, a cross section of flow,
the method comprising measuring, by means of probing, a position of predefined points on said radially inner and radially outer walls, on the suction face of the first vane and the pressure face of the second face and calculating a machining allowance on the suction face of the first vane and a machining allowance on the pressure face of the second vane with respect to a theoretical profile at said points,
the method further includes calculating said cross section of flow from based on a height of a duct between said radially inner and radially outer walls and values of the machining allowances, and finish machining the machining allowance on one of the vanes when the calculated value of the cross section of flow is outside predefined tolerances.

US Pat. No. 10,428,666

TURBINE VANE ASSEMBLY

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A turbine vane for a gas turbine engine, comprising:an engine centerline; and
an inner platform and an outer platform joined together by an airfoil, the airfoil including a leading edge and a trailing edge joined together by a pressure side and a suction side disposed opposite the pressure side,
the inner platform defines a plurality of inner cooling holes at geometric coordinates in conformance with Cartesian coordinate values of Xi, Yi, and Zi as set forth in Table 1, wherein each of the geometric coordinates is measured from the engine centerline, the Cartesian coordinate values of Table 1 are expressed in inches, the cooling holes have a diametrical surface tolerance relative to the coordinates of at least 0.017 inches (0.431 mm).

US Pat. No. 10,428,665

CMC THERMAL CLAMPS

General Electric Company,...

13. A gas turbine, comprising:a compressor;
a combustion section;
a turbine;
a first component;
a second component positioned adjacent to the first component; and
a clamping assembly defining a longitudinal direction, a transverse direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction, and a vertical direction orthogonal to the longitudinal and transverse directions, wherein the clamping assembly comprises:
a shaft;
a first plurality of clamps; and
a second plurality of clamps, each of the first plurality of clamps and the second plurality of clamps comprising:
a first wall defining a first end and a second end each separated along the transverse direction;
a second wall extending outwardly along the vertical direction from the first wall in a first direction from the first end; and
a third wall extending outwardly along the vertical direction from the first wall from the second end in a second direction opposite of the first direction;
wherein each of the first walls of each adjacent pair of the first plurality of clamps is longitudinally spaced apart by one of the second plurality of clamps;
wherein the second walls of the first plurality of clamps are transversely spaced apart from the second walls of the second plurality of clamps; and
wherein the shaft is positioned in a first slot collectively defined by the first walls and the second walls of the first plurality of clamps and the second plurality of clamps and the first component and the second component are positioned in a second slot collectively defined by the first walls and the third walls of the first plurality of clamps and the second plurality of clamps.

US Pat. No. 10,428,664

NOZZLE FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

General Electric Company,...

1. A nozzle assembly for a gas turbine engine having a compressor, a combustor, and a turbine contained within a casing, the nozzle assembly comprising:at least one pair of static vanes having roots and tips radially supported by an inner band and an outer band, respectively, and defining a turbine nozzle between the pair of static vanes, with at least one of the static vanes having an interior chamber; and
a cooling circuit, comprising:
a cooling circuit inlet fluidly coupled to the interior chamber;
a scavenge flow outlet fluidly coupled to the interior chamber;
a cleaned flow outlet fluidly coupled to the interior chamber; and
a virtual impactor located within the interior chamber and comprising:
a first portion fluidly coupled to the cooling circuit inlet and a second portion fluidly coupled to the scavenge flow outlet and spaced from the first portion to define a physical gap between the first and second portions, with the gap having a first gap portion fluidly coupled to the cleaned flow outlet;
a flow accelerator located in the first portion and having an accelerator inlet and an accelerator outlet, which is smaller in cross-sectional area than the accelerator inlet, with the accelerator outlet opening into the gap; and
a particle collector located in the second portion and having a collector inlet opening into a second gap portion of the gap and a collector outlet fluidly coupled to the scavenge flow outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,428,663

AIRFOIL WITH TIE MEMBER AND SPRING

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. An airfoil comprising:an airfoil section including an internal cavity;
first and second endwall sections between which the airfoil section is disposed, the first endwall section including a guide portion having a guide opening that is flanked by first and second bearing lands, the first bearing land being disposed between the guide opening and a first port in the first endwall section, the first port opening to the internal cavity of the airfoil section, and the second bearing land being disposed between the guide opening and a second port in the first endwall section, the second port opening to the internal cavity of the airfoil section;
a tie member extending through the internal cavity of the airfoil section and securing the first and second endwall sections together to trap the airfoil section there between, the tie member extending through the guide opening in the first endwall section; and
a spring member disposed on the first and second bearing lands, the spring member tensioning the tie member.

US Pat. No. 10,428,662

RETENTION DEVICE

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A retention device for applying a radial force to a component within a slot, the device comprising:a body having an outer surface for facing the component, the outer surface comprising a recess having a recess base; and
a spring element having a contact surface for contacting the component and a first mounting portion for mounting the spring element within the recess,
wherein:
the recess base comprises a first ramped surface, which extends from a lower end proximal a first lateral end of the body to an upper end, and a second ramped surface having a lower end and an upper end, the first ramped surface and the second ramped surface being axially aligned and extending axially or laterally within the recess and the lower end of the second ramped surface being proximal the upper end of the first ramped surface;
the spring element comprises a second mounting portion that mounts the spring element on the second ramped surface such that the second mounting portion slides along the second ramped surface toward the upper end of the second ramped surface; and
the first mounting portion mounts the spring element on the first ramped surface such that the first mounting portion slides along an entirety of the first ramped surface towards the upper end of the first ramped surface to increase a distance between the contact surface and the outer surface of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,428,660

HYBRID AIRFOIL COOLING

United Technologies Corpo...

1. An airfoil, comprising:an airfoil body having a leading edge and a trailing edge;
a heat pipe disposed within the airfoil, the heat pipe including a vaporization section and a condensation section, the vaporization section disposed within the airfoil body and configured to remove heat from the trailing edge; and
a second cooling apparatus disposed within the airfoil body and configured to remove heat from the leading edge,
wherein the condensation section is disposed radially outward from the airfoil body and in a path of a cooling airflow, and
wherein the second cooling apparatus comprises a cooling chamber defining a cooling path within the airfoil body, the cooling path configured to receive the cooling airflow.

US Pat. No. 10,428,659

CROSSOVER HOLE CONFIGURATION FOR A FLOWPATH COMPONENT IN A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A flowpath component for a gas turbine engine comprising:a leading edge;
a trailing edge connected to the leading edge via a first surface and a second surface;
an impingement cavity internal to the flowpath component, the impingement cavity being aligned with one of the leading edge and the trailing edge and including at least one stagnated flow zone;
a cooling passage extending at least partially through the flowpath component and including at least one of an axial to radial flow bend, relative to an axis defined by the gas turbine engine, and a radial to axial bend, relative to the axis defined by the gas turbine engine;
a plurality of crossover holes connecting said cooling passage to said impingement cavity;
at least one crossover hole of said plurality of crossover holes being aligned normal to an expected direction of fluid flow through said cooling passage;
at least one crossover hole of said plurality of crossover holes being disposed at the at least one of the axial to radial flow bend and the radial to axial flow bend and configured to direct cooling flow from the cooling passage into the at least one stagnated flow zone;
wherein the at least one crossover hole of said plurality of crossover holes includes an outlet connected to one of a radially innermost end of the impingement cavity, relative to a radius of the gas turbine engine, and a radially outermost end of the impingement cavity, relative to the radius of the gas turbine engine; and
wherein each stagnated flow zone in the at least one stagnated flow zone is a local region where an effect of impingement cooling flow and backside convective heat transfer is minimal absent an effect of the at least one crossover hole disposed at the at least one of the axial to radial flow bend and the radial to axial flow bend.

US Pat. No. 10,428,657

METHOD FOR REPAIRING A BLADE

1. A method for repairing a blade in a gas turbine engine comprising:identifying a damage in one of a leading edge and a trailing edge of an airfoil of the blade;
forming a cutback around the damage in the one of the leading edge and trailing edge, the cutback shaped to comprise at least a pair of fillets r1 and r2 in the one of the leading edge and trailing edge on opposite ends of the cutback, a depth d from the one of the leading edge and trailing edge, and a length l along the one of the leading edge and the trailing edge, a radius of each of the fillets r1 and r2 being shorter than the length l.

US Pat. No. 10,428,654

CUTTER HEAD FOR MICROWAVE PRESPLITTING TYPE HARD-ROCK TUNNEL BORING MACHINE

NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A cutter head for a microwave presplitting type hard-rock tunnel boring machine, wherein the cutter head defines an outer circumference near an outer periphery thereof and an inner circumference near an axis thereof, a diameter of the outer circumference is greater than that of the inner circumference, a plurality of microwave transmitting ports are formed in a front surface of the cutter head, a wave-transparent protection plate is mounted at external-end holes of the microwave transmitting ports, internal-end holes of the microwave transmitting ports communicate with the cutter head, a plurality of microwave generating mechanisms are arranged in the cutter head, and the microwave generating mechanisms are the same in number as the microwave transmitting ports and are in one-to-one correspondence; the microwave generating mechanisms are distributed in the cutter head in one of two distribution manners, wherein a first distribution manner is as follows: the microwave generating mechanisms are uniformly arranged in the cutter head; a second distribution manner is as follows: the microwave generating mechanisms are the same in number as hobbing cutters on the cutter head and are arranged in one-to-one correspondence, one microwave generating mechanism and the microwave transmitting port corresponding to the microwave generating mechanism are arranged beside each hobbing cutter; and when the microwave generating mechanisms are distributed in the cutter head in the first distribution manner, all the microwave generating mechanisms have the same microwave radiation power, and the number of the microwave generating mechanisms on the outer circumference and the inner circumference of the cutter head is calculated according to the following formula:
wherein QR is a total microwave energy radiated by the microwave generating mechanisms on the outer circumference when the cutter head rotates by an angle of ?, Qr is a total microwave energy radiated by the microwave generating mechanisms on the inner circumference when the cutter head rotates by the angle of ?, LR is an arc length that the microwave generating mechanisms rotate on the outer circumference when the cutter head rotates by the angle of ?, Lr is an arc length that the microwave generating mechanisms rotate on the inner circumference when the cutter head rotates by the angle of ?, P is a microwave radiation power of each of the microwave generating mechanisms, T is a microwave radiation time of each of the microwave generating mechanisms, R is a radius of the outer circumference of the cutter head, r is a radius of the inner circumference of the cutter head, NR is the number of the microwave generating mechanisms on the outer circumference of the cutter head, Nr is the number of the microwave generating mechanisms on the inner circumference of the cutter head, and ? is a rotation angle of the cutter head.

US Pat. No. 10,428,651

CUTTING APPARATUS USING A CLEARING ARRANGEMENT

SANDVIK INTELLECTUAL PROP...

1. A cutting unit for use with a cutting apparatus suitable for creating tunnels or subterranean roadways and the like, the cutting unit comprising:a cutting arm configured for pivotal movement around at least one pivot axis:
a cutting head mounted to the cutting arm, the cutting head including at least one rotatable cutting element for detaching material from a rock face; and
a clearing arrangement mounted to the cutting arm, wherein the clearing arrangement includes a clearing blade arranged to push detached rock material onto a loading table of the cutting apparatus, the clearing blade being guided by a first guiding mechanism allowing for free movement of the clearing blade in a first direction, the first guiding mechanism including one or more slide shoes allowing for free linear movement of the clearing blade in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,428,650

LAUNCH PLATFORM FOR HIGH WALL MINING

1. A system of high wall mining of a coal seam using continuous mining machines and conveyor cars, comprising:a launch platform including a first track and a second track for supporting the mining machines and conveyor cars;
a first target for a first mine entry aligned with the second track; and
a second target for a second mine entry aligned with the first track;
a transfer system for moving conveyor cars between the first track and the second track,
and further comprising a peg portion of the launch platform,
wherein the peg portion of the launch platform is capable of adjusting the width between the first track and the second track.

US Pat. No. 10,428,649

FREQUENCY SENSORS FOR USE IN SUBTERRANEAN FORMATION OPERATIONS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A frequency sensor comprising:a vibratable flow tube having an interior for receiving a fluid, wherein at least a portion of a surface of the interior is functionalized with a reactant sensitive to an analyte;
a vibration detector coupled to the vibratable flow tube for detecting a frequency of the fluid received by the vibratable flow tube during vibration thereof; and
measurement circuitry coupled to the vibration detector for determining a frequency shift over time of the detected frequency,
wherein the frequency shift corresponds to the presence of the analyte, the analyte having reacted with the reactant.

US Pat. No. 10,428,648

DOWNHOLE FORMATION FLUID VISCOMETER SENSOR

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A downhole formation fluid viscometer sensor comprising:a generally cylindrical housing;
a flexible diaphragm disposed on the generally cylindrical housing;
a first magnet attached to the flexible diaphragm within the cylindrical housing;
a first cavity adjacent the flexible diaphragm for housing the first magnet;
a pressure balance hole connecting the first cavity to an external environment;
a second magnet disposed a predefined distance from the first magnet within the cylindrical housing;
an electric coil disposed around the second magnet within the cylindrical housing so as to drive the first magnet when the electric coil is energized;
a second cavity adjacent the first cavity for housing the second magnet and the electric coil; and
a signal pickup assembly disposed within the housing and configured to pick up signals representing diaphragm vibrations from the first magnet, wherein the electric coil forms part of the signal pickup assembly;
wherein an induced eddy current from the first magnet provides the signals representing diaphragm vibrations to the second magnet and the electric coil.

US Pat. No. 10,428,647

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REAL-TIME WELL SURVEILLANCE

Petrolink International L...

1. A method comprising, by a computer system:receiving, in real-time, a rate of penetration, a volumetric flow rate, and a mud weight produced by sensors in relation to a well;
receiving non-real-time data in relation to the well;
identifying at least one of a laminar flow and a turbulent flow of a fluid in the well based, at least in part, on shear rate developed by particles in the fluid, wherein the shear rate developed by the particles are based, at least in part, on the mud weight;
responsive to the identifying, determining slip velocity of the particles;
determining a cutting concentration associated with each of a plurality of measured depths in the well based, at least in part, on the slip velocity of the particles, the rate of penetration, the flow rate, and the non-real-time data; and
for each of the plurality of measured depths, facilitating a real-time display of the cutting concentration, wherein the real-time display comprises information related to the cutting concentration corresponding to real-time measured depths in the well.

US Pat. No. 10,428,646

APPARATUS FOR DOWNHOLE NEAR-BIT WIRELESS TRANSMISSION

INSTITUTE OF GEOLOGY AND ...

1. An apparatus for downhole near-bit wireless transmission, comprising:a bit connecting housing;
a mud motor connecting housing;
an insulating sub made of an insulating material,
wherein the insulating sub is serially disposed between and electrically insulates the bit connecting housing from the mud motor connecting housing, and the bit connecting housing and the mud motor connecting housing form an electromagnetic transmitting positive pole and an electromagnetic transmitting negative pole, respectively; and
one or more measurement sensors and a data transmitting circuit,
wherein the data transmitting circuit comprises a metal connector disposed about a surface of the mud motor connecting housing;
an electrical connection line extending from the mud motor connecting housing to the bit connecting housing through the insulating sub, and
a high-pressure sealing single-pin connector coupled to the metal connector via the electrical connection line,
wherein the high-pressure sealing single-pin connector is affixed to the bit connecting housing via a stopper, and the stopper is of a U shape having a groove and the high-pressure sealing connector is clamped in the groove in the stopper, a spacer is installed between the stopper and the high-pressure sealing connector, and the stopper is fastened to the bit connecting housing.

US Pat. No. 10,428,644

SOUND BAFFLE DEVICE AND SYSTEM FOR DETECTING ACOUSTIC SIGNALS

Hifi Engineering Inc., C...

1. A sound baffle device for use with an acoustic sensor deployed in a housing by a deployment line, the sound baffle device comprising:(a) a baffle plate, wherein the baffle plate is configured to reduce acoustic transmission between a first zone of the housing on one side of the baffle plate and a second zone of the housing on an opposite side of the baffle plate; and
(b) an affixing mechanism for affixing the baffle plate on the deployment line, wherein the affixing mechanism comprises a body configured to attach the baffle plate to the deployment line, wherein the body comprises a lower portion having a base, an upper portion having a base, and a leg portion extending between the base of the lower portion and the base of the upper portion, wherein a width of the leg portion is less than a width of the base of the lower portion and less than a width of the base of the upper portion, wherein the body comprises two or more sections and one or more fasteners for fastening the two or more sections together around the deployment line, wherein, when the two or more sections are fastened around the deployment line, the two or more sections define the lower portion, the upper portion, and the leg portion of the body, and wherein the baffle plate is attached to the leg portion and extends radially therefrom; and
(c) a baffle plate assembly for attaching the baffle plate to the body, wherein the baffle plate assembly releasably attaches the baffle plate to the body.

US Pat. No. 10,428,643

DOWNHOLE LINE DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A method comprising:sending, using one or more processors, an electrical signal down an electric line that runs down an outside of a downhole casing of a wellbore;
obtaining, via the one or more processors and from one or more downhole sensors located at a downhole location inside the downhole casing, one or more measurements of a magnetic field sensed by the one or more downhole sensors and generated by a current of the electrical signal;
based on the one or more measurements, identifying, via the one or more processors, one or more characteristics associated with the magnetic field, the one or more characteristics comprising at least one of a magnetic field parameter, a frequency pattern associated with the electrical signal, and a current pattern associated with the electrical signal;
based on the one or more characteristics associated with the magnetic field, determining via the one or more processors, a first position of the electric line relative to at least one of the downhole casing and the one or more downhole sensors; and
based on the first position of the electric line, inferring, via the one or more processors, a second position of a non-electroconductive cable that runs alongside the electric line outside of the downhole casing of the wellbore.

US Pat. No. 10,428,642

TRANSPOSITION OF LOGS ONTO HORIZONTAL WELLS

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A computer-implemented method of predicting geomechanical properties of formations for fracturing operations, the method comprising:drilling a portion of a first well along a vertical well path in a geological formation;
collecting, by a downhole tool coupled to a drill string disposed in the first well, vertical situational data and geological data associated with each of a plurality of depths along the vertical well path of the first well drilled in the geological formation;
drilling a portion of a second well along a horizontal well path in the geological formation;
collecting, by a downhole tool coupled to a drill string disposed in the second well, horizontal situational data from each of a plurality of locations along the horizontal well path of the second well drilled in the geological formation;
mapping the geological data associated with each of the plurality of depths of the vertical well path of the first well to a corresponding location in the plurality of locations along the horizontal well path of the second well, based on the vertical situational data that corresponds to the horizontal situational data collected for each location;
generating pseudo-logs for the horizontal well path of the second well, based on the vertical situational data, the horizontal situational data, and the mapped geological data for each of the plurality of locations along the horizontal well path;
estimating geomechanical properties of the formation surrounding the horizontal well path of the second well, based on the generated pseudo-logs; and
performing one or more stages of a fracturing operation along the horizontal well path of the second well, based on the estimated geomechanical properties of the formation.

US Pat. No. 10,428,640

BOREHOLE MAPPING TOOL AND METHODS OF MAPPING BOREHOLES

15. A method of mapping a borehole, comprising:providing a borehole mapping tool comprising a location probe provided within an outer casing and at least one drilling fluid nozzle positioned on an end cap thereof, said outer casing sized to be received by the borehole;
positioning the borehole mapping tool within a first end of the borehole;
connecting the borehole mapping tool to a supply of drilling fluid so that drilling fluid is sprayed from the drilling fluid nozzle;
moving the borehole mapping tool within the borehole; and
producing a map of the borehole based on at least in part on data obtained from the location probe.

US Pat. No. 10,428,637

SYSTEM AND CONSOLE FOR MONITORING AND MANAGING WELL SITE OPERATIONS

1. A system for monitoring a plurality of operations at a well site, comprising:a drill-string adapted to circulate drilling fluids in a well bore during well drilling or well construction activities, wherein said drilling fluids experience gains and losses during said well drilling or well construction activities;
a plurality of sensors to sample or detect parameters related to said well drilling or well construction activities, said plurality of sensors comprising surface sensors or downhole sensors or a combination thereof, said plurality of sensors further comprising a surface gas monitor, and a drilling fluid flow back volume monitor;
one or more computing devices adapted to receive parameter information in real time from said plurality of sensors, said one or more computing devices each further comprising a processor or microprocessor, said processor or microprocessor adapted to process the received parameter information to calculate derived parameter information;
one or more software agents having one or more fluid formulations applicable to said drilling fluid gains and losses, wherein said one or more fluid formulations include determining total gas volume versus time for a series of connections of pump on/off events, determining equivalent circulating density and equivalent static density resulting when mud pumps are switched from on to off and then to on again, and determining total mud flow back volume during connection events or when mud pumps are shut off;
at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium for storing some or all of said received parameter information and said derived parameters; and
a visual display, coupled to said one or more computing devices, for displaying some or all of the received parameter information and said derived parameter information for said at least one well site operation, wherein said visual display comprises a two-dimensional directional schematic showing a downhole portion of the well bore with true vertical depth and equivalent departure, said directional schematic including one or more of: casing or tubing assembly or assemblies, well logs, cementing, and bottom hole assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,428,622

FORCE MULTIPLYER USED TO ACTUATE A BALL VALVE

BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPAN...

1. A rotating ball valve assembly comprising:a first tubular member having a first end portion defining a first valve seat;
a second tubular member having a second end portion defining a second valve seat, the second valve seat being spaced from the first valve seat by a gap;
a rotatable ball element arranged in the gap, the ball element including a body having a first side portion, a second side portion, a central passage having a first opening and a second opening, a first outwardly projecting pin extending from one of the first side portion and the second side portion and a second outwardly projecting pin extending from the one of the first side portion and the second side portion; and
a sliding sleeve assembly extending across the gap, the sliding sleeve assembly including a sliding sleeve member including a first guide track hating a first force reducing profile engagable with the first outwardly projecting pin element and a second guide track having a second force reducing profile engagable with the second outwardly projecting pin element, the sliding sleeve member being shiftable relative to the first and second tubular members to selectively pivot the rotatable ball element between an open orientation, wherein the central passage is exposed to the first and second tubular members and a closed orientation wherein the central passage is fluidically isolated from the first and second tubular members;
wherein the rotatable ball element includes a third outwardly projecting pin element projecting from the one of the at least one first and second side portions.

US Pat. No. 10,428,619

ACTIVE FLOW CONTROL WITH MULTIZONE HYDRAULIC POWER DISTRIBUTION MODULE

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A system for use in a well, comprising:a completion deployed in a lateral wellbore extending through a plurality of well zones, the completion comprising:
a plurality of isolation packers positioned to separate well zones of the plurality of well zones;
a plurality of flow control devices comprising flow control devices in each of the well zones to control flow of fluid from an exterior of the completion to an interior of the completion; and
a control module hydraulically coupled with each of the plurality of flow control devices in each well zone and with a source of hydraulic actuating fluid, the control module being electrically actuated to selectively direct hydraulic actuating fluid to each the flow control devices in selected well zones to enable opening or closing of the flow control devices in the selected well zones, the control module being located along the completion between well zones.

US Pat. No. 10,428,616

FRAC PLUG HAVING REDUCED LENGTH AND REDUCED SETTING FORCE

FORUM US, INC., Houston,...

1. A frac plug, comprising;a mandrel body;
a cap coupled to an upper end of the mandrel body, wherein the cap has an angled surface;
an outer housing coupled to a lower end of the mandrel body;
a friction or interference-fit interface disposed between an outer surface of the mandrel body and an inner surface of the outer housing;
a guide shoe coupled to the outer housing;
a single slip assembly positioned between the cap and the guide shoe and surrounding the mandrel body; and
a sealing element positioned between the cap and the single slip assembly and surrounding the mandrel body, wherein the sealing element is movable along the angled surface to force the sealing element radially outward into contact with a surrounding wellbore, and the friction or interference-fit interface is configured to allow the sealing element, the single slip assembly, the outer housing, and the guide shoe to move relative to the mandrel body in one axial direction and prevent movement in an opposite axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,428,609

DOWNHOLE TOOL ACTUATION SYSTEM HAVING INDEXING MECHANISM AND METHOD

BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPAN...

1. A downhole tool actuation system comprising:a tubing having a longitudinal axis and a main flowbore supportive of tubing pressure;
an indexing mechanism in fluidic communication with the main flowbore, the indexing mechanism configured to count N number of tubing pressure cycles;
a biasing mechanism;
a port isolation device movable between a blocking condition and an actuation condition, the port isolation device movable from a first position to a second position upon an increase in tubing pressure, and the port isolation device returnable to the first position by the biasing mechanism after a decrease in tubing pressure, the port isolation device in the blocking condition in both the first and second positions for N?1 cycles of the indexing mechanism, and at an end of the Nth cycle of the indexing mechanism, the port isolation device is movable to a third position by the biasing mechanism after a decrease in tubing pressure, the third position corresponding to the actuation condition; and,
a chamber sealed from the main flowbore in the blocking condition of the port isolation device, the chamber exposed to the tubing pressure in the actuation condition of the port isolation device;
wherein the downhole tool actuation system is configured to actuate a downhole tool upon exposure of the chamber to tubing pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,428,608

LATCH MECHANISM AND SYSTEM FOR DOWNHOLE APPLICATIONS

1. A system for conveying a tool from surface to a target sub comprising:a string comprising a plurality of subs including the target sub, each sub having a latch deflector and a latch stopper, the latch deflector and the latch stopper together defining a deflection radius for each sub; and
a lock mounted on the tool having a knob and a latch, the latch and the knob together defining a latch radius that is greater than the deflection radius of the target sub,
wherein the latch is configured to traverse the latch stopper of at least one sub of the plurality of subs as a result of the deflection radius of the at least one sub being greater than the latch radius of the lock;
wherein the latch is configured to deflect towards the latch stopper and engage the latch stopper of the target sub as a result of an interaction between the knob of the lock and the latch deflector of the target sub.

US Pat. No. 10,428,607

REVERSE CIRCULATION WELL TOOL

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A well flow crossover sub comprising:a substantially tubular housing configured to be part of a drill string and disposed in a wellbore, the substantially tubular housing comprising a first flow chamber and a second, separate flow chamber;
a sealing structure circumscribing a portion of the substantially tubular housing and comprising a sealing element, the sealing element configured to seal against a wellbore wall of the wellbore; and
a sleeve valve disposed within the substantially tubular housing and selectively movable between a first, closed position and a second, open position in response to a fluid pressure in the first flow chamber or second flow chamber;
wherein the first flow chamber fluidly connects an annulus of the wellbore uphole of the sealing structure to a central bore of the drill string downhole of the well flow crossover sub, the first flow chamber extending between a first radial port opening at the annulus of the wellbore uphole of the sealing structure proximate a first longitudinal end of the substantially tubular housing and a downhole central bore in the substantially tubular housing at a second, opposite longitudinal end of the substantially tubular housing; and
wherein the second flow chamber fluidly connects a central bore of the drill string uphole of the sealing structure to the annulus of the wellbore downhole of the sealing structure, the second flow chamber extending between an uphole central bore in the substantially tubular housing at the first longitudinal end and a second radial port opening at the annulus of the wellbore downhole of the sealing structure proximate the second longitudinal end of the substantially tubular housing; and
the sleeve valve configured to close the second radial port opening in response to the sleeve valve being in the first, closed position and to open the second radial port opening in response to the sleeve valve being in the second, open position.

US Pat. No. 10,428,606

COLLECTING DRILLING MICROCHIPS

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A wire screen comprising:a plurality of wires running parallel, each of the plurality of wires is spaced apart from each adjacent wire at a distance less than a width of an encased microchip, and each of the plurality of wires includes a plurality of straight segments in a plane and each of a plurality of bent segments connects two of the plurality of straight segments, at least one of the plurality of bent segments of each wire being positioned between two straight segments of the same wire; and
for each of the plurality of the wires, each bent segments in the plurality of segments includes a first end, a second end, and a curved portion curved away from the plane, the first end connected to at least one of the plurality of straight segments and separated from the second end a distance greater than the width of the encased microchip, and the curved portion includes a diameter greater than the width of the encased microchip.

US Pat. No. 10,428,602

TOP DRIVE TORQUE MEASUREMENT DEVICE

WEATHERFORD TECHNOLOGY HO...

14. A top drive system for use with a tool for handling tubulars on a drilling rig, comprising:a motor unit;
a drive gear rotatably coupled to the motor unit, wherein the drive gear includes a bore for receiving the tool, and the drive gear is configured to transfer a torque load from the motor unit to the tool;
a sensing member disposed on the drive gear and configured to measure a magnetostrictive effect on the tool;
an evaluation unit connected to the sensing member and configured to calculate a magnitude of transferred torque based on the magnetostrictive effect; and
a positioning device coupled to the sensing member to move the sensing member between a retracted position and an extended position.

US Pat. No. 10,428,601

PROXIMITY DETECTION BETWEEN TUBULARS FOR BLIND STABBING

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method for connecting tubulars, comprising:determining an elevation of a drilling device above a rig floor;
lowering a first tubular connected to the drilling device toward a second tubular by lowering the drilling device;
determining that the first tubular is in proximity to the second tubular based at least in part on an elevation of the drilling device;
determining that the first tubular is in proximity to the second tubular based at least in part on a magnetic flux or an electrical current applied to the first tubular, the second tubular, or both;
connecting the first and second tubulars together; and
supporting the second tubular below the rig floor, wherein lowering the first tubular comprises lowering the first tubular at least partially through the rig floor, wherein the second tubular comprises a drill string, and wherein supporting the second tubular below the rig floor comprises supporting the drill string within a blowout preventer, the method further comprising:
determining that a rotating control device positioned around the first tubular has coupled to the blowout preventer while lowering the first tubular, based at least partially on the elevation of the drilling device; and
opening a seal of the blowout preventer after determining that the rotating control device has coupled to the blowout preventer.

US Pat. No. 10,428,598

WELLHEAD MIXING DEVICE

1. A wellhead comprising:a body;
a central bore therethrough;
a plurality of peripheral bores intersecting with the central bore, wherein the plurality of peripheral bores each comprise an injection port and a rifled internal surface; and
a mixing chamber located within the central bore below the intersections between the plurality of peripheral bores and the central bore,
wherein the rifled internal surfaces of the plurality of peripheral bores act to guide fluids injected into the wellhead into a helical flow pattern prior to entering the central bore.

US Pat. No. 10,428,591

STRUCTURES FOR DRILLING A SUBTERRANEAN FORMATION

Baker Hughes Incorporated...

1. A structure for drilling a subterranean formation, comprising:at least one cutting element, comprising:
a substrate; and
a diamond table positioned on the substrate, the diamond table comprising:
a cutting face;
a first chamfer surface at a radial periphery of the diamond table;
a second chamfer surface located adjacent a radially innermost edge of the first chamfer surface, wherein a radial width of the second chamfer surface measured in a plane transverse to a longitudinal axis of the at least one cutting element is at least about twice a radial width of the first chamfer surface, the second chamfer surface being inclined at an angle less than an angle at which the first chamfer surface is inclined from a plane transverse to the longitudinal axis of the at least one cutting element;
a generally planar, flat surface of the cutting face located adjacent a radially innermost edge of the second chamfer surface;
a recessed surface of the cutting face located adjacent a radially innermost edge of the generally planar, flat surface of the cutting face, the recessed surface of the cutting face declining inward from the generally planar, flat surface of the cutting face;
an inclined surface of the cutting face located adjacent a radially innermost edge of the recessed surface of the cutting face, at least a portion of the inclined surface of the cutting face being recessed into the diamond table in relation to the generally planar, flat surface of the cutting face; and
a central protrusion located adjacent a radially innermost edge of the inclined surface of the cutting face, the central protrusion extending upward from the recessed surface of the cutting face.

US Pat. No. 10,428,590

CUTTING ELEMENTS FOR EARTH-BORING TOOLS AND EARTH-BORING TOOLS INCLUDING SUCH CUTTING ELEMENTS

Baker Hughes, a GE compan...

18. A cutting element for an earth-boring tool, comprising:a superabrasive table positioned on a substrate, the superabrasive table defining a cutting face of the cutting element, the superabrasive table comprising:
at least a portion of a lateral side surface of the cutting element;
a substantially planar surface of the cutting face; and
a plurality of concave recessed surfaces concentrically aligned in the cutting face of the superabrasive table and extending annularly about and encircling a central longitudinal axis of the cutting element.

US Pat. No. 10,428,589

POLYCRYSTALLINE DIAMOND COMPACT, AND RELATED METHODS AND APPLICATIONS

US SYNTHETIC CORPORATION,...

1. A rotary drill bit, comprising:a bit body configured to engage a subterranean formation; and
a plurality of polycrystalline diamond cutting elements affixed to the bit body, at least one of the polycrystalline diamond cutting elements including:
a substrate; and
a polycrystalline diamond table including an upper surface spaced from an interfacial surface that is bonded to the substrate, the polycrystalline diamond table including a plurality of diamond grains defining a plurality of interstitial regions, the polycrystalline diamond table further including an alloy comprising at least one Group VIII metal and at least one alloying element, the alloy including one or more solid solution phases and one or more intermediate compounds, wherein the one or more solid solution phases include the at least one Group VIII metal and the at least one alloying element, wherein the one or more intermediate compounds include the at least one Group VIII metal and the at least one alloying element, the alloy being disposed in at least a portion of the plurality of interstitial regions, the at least one alloying element exhibiting a concentration gradient between the upper surface and the interfacial surface that generally decreases with distance from the upper surface, wherein the plurality of diamond grains and the alloy of at least a portion of the polycrystalline diamond table collectively exhibit a coercivity of about 115 Oersteds or more.

US Pat. No. 10,428,588

METHODS AND DRILL BIT DESIGNS FOR PREVENTING THE SUBSTRATE OF A CUTTING ELEMENT FROM CONTACTING A FORMATION

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method of designing a drill bit, comprising:determining a location on a drill bit for each of a plurality of cutting elements at a plurality of radial coordinates of the drill bit;
determining a substrate-based critical depth of cut, at each of the plurality of radial coordinates, for a substrate of each of the plurality of cutting elements;
generating a substrate-based critical depth of cut control curve based on the substrate-based critical depth of cut at each of the plurality of radial coordinates;
comparing the substrate-based critical depth of cut control curve to a threshold critical depth of cut control curve; and
adjusting a drill bit design parameter in response to the substrate-based critical depth of cut control curve being less than or equal to the threshold critical depth of cut control curve at a radial coordinate.

US Pat. No. 10,428,587

MULTILEVEL FORCE BALANCED DOWNHOLE DRILLING TOOLS INCLUDING CUTTING ELEMENTS IN A STEP PROFILE CONFIGURATION

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A downhole drilling tool designed to form a wellbore, comprising:a bit body;
a first plurality of blades on exterior portions of the bit body;
a first group of cutting elements located on exterior portions of the first plurality of blades;
a second plurality of blades on exterior portions of the bit body;
a second group of cutting elements located on exterior portions of the second plurality of blades and under-exposed with respect to the first group of cutting elements such that the first and second groups of cutting elements form grooves in a downhole end of a wellbore in order to stabilize the downhole drilling tool during drilling, each of the cutting elements in the second group having a unique radial position from a rotational axis of the bit body with respect to each of the cutting elements in the first group, the first and second plurality of blades and the first and second groups of cutting elements cooperating with each other to form a composite bit face profile including a plurality of respective groups of at least three neighbor cutting elements; and
each respective group of at least three neighbor cutting elements is force balanced with respect to each other and includes at least one cutting element from the first group of cutting elements and at least one cutting element from the second group of cutting elements.

US Pat. No. 10,428,585

METHODS OF FABRICATING CUTTING ELEMENTS FOR EARTH-BORING TOOLS AND METHODS OF SELECTIVELY REMOVING A PORTION OF A CUTTING ELEMENT OF AN EARTH-BORING TOOL

Baker Hughes, a GE compan...

1. A method of selectively removing a portion of a cutting element of an earth-boring tool, the method comprising:engaging a formation with a cutting surface of a first section of a cutting table of a cutting element;
detaching the first section of the cutting table as a substantial whole responsive to a mechanism other than wear at a discontinuity formed in the cutting table to at least partially expose a cutting surface of a second section of the cutting table adjacent to the first section; and
engaging the formation with the cutting surface of the second section of the cutting table.

US Pat. No. 10,428,584

BIT FOR DRILLING WITH CASING OR LINER STRING AND MANUFACTURE THEREOF

VAREL INTERNATIONAL IND.,...

14. A method of drilling a wellbore, comprising:assembling a bit as part of a casing or liner string, the bit comprising:
a tubular stem made from a high strength metal or alloy;
a head:
having a cutting face with an inner cone, an outer shoulder, and an intermediate nose between the cone and the shoulder;
attached to an end of the stem; and
made from a nonferrous metal or alloy;
a plurality of blades formed integrally with the head, made from the nonferrous metal or alloy, and each extending from a center of the cutting face to the shoulder;
a plurality of superhard cutters mounted along each blade;
a plurality of gauge pads formed integrally with the stem; and
a flush joint formed between each blade and a respective gauge pad,
wherein:
a yield strength of the high strength metal or alloy is at least twice a yield strength of the nonferrous metal or alloy,
the end is a lower end of the stem,
the bit further comprises a threaded coupling formed at an upper end of the stem for connection to the casing or liner string,
the bit further comprises a lock joint and a lap joint attaching the head to the stem, and
an outer portion of the head includes an essential portion of the lock joint;
drilling the casing or liner string into the wellbore to extend the wellbore through a problem formation;
cementing the casing or liner string into the wellbore; and
drilling out an inner portion of the head with a polycrystalline diamond compact or roller cone second drill bit,
wherein the outer portion of the head remains after drill-out.

US Pat. No. 10,428,581

WELL-DRILLING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF USE

4. A method for drilling a well comprising:providing a powered well-drilling apparatus, comprising:
a mast;
doors affixed to the mast, for deflecting well debris when secured in a closed position;
stabilizers affixed to a bottom portion of the mast, for keeping the mast in the upright position;
a power drive comprising a drill stem connection;
a drill stem comprising a tubular elongated body, the tubular elongated body comprising:
a plurality of tubular portion;
a fastener, the fastener removably affixing two of the plurality of tubular portions together;
a plurality of discharge ports spaced along the length of the plurality of tubular portions;
a plurality of removable plugs, wherein each of the plurality of removable plugs is configured to engage and close off a corresponding one of the plurality of discharge ports;
plates with semicircular cutouts forming a hole, the diameter of the hole sufficiently large to allow passage of the plurality of tubular portions but sufficiently small to not allow passage of the fastener, the plates removably affixed to the stabilizers;
a ramp, the ramp removably affixed to the stabilizers;
a bit affixed to the lower end of one of the plurality of tubular portion, the bit comprising:
a plurality of prongs; and
an inlet port; and
an air hose retainer affixed adjacent to the bit, the air hose retainer configured to retain a portion of an air hose, the air hose affixed between an inlet of the well-drilling apparatus and an air pressure device;
constructing a starter hole in earth, the starter hole comprising an interior surface area;
lining the constructed starter hole with a covering, the covering affixed to the interior surface area of the starter hole;
placing a powered well-drilling apparatus above the lined starter hole;
providing drilling water to the lined starter hole;
affixing an air hose to an inlet of the well-drilling apparatus, the air hose affixed to an air pressure device;
positioning the power drive on the mast;
inserting a first tubular portion of the plurality of tubular portions through the drill stem connection;
affixing the fastener to a lower end of the first tubular portion inserted through the drill stem connection;
affixing the fastener to an upper end of a second tubular portion of the plurality of tubular portions;
then, positioning the power drive at a height such that the second tubular portion is inserted through the semicircular cutout sections into the lined starter hole previously provided with drilling water;
then, opening a first discharge port of the well-drilling apparatus, the first discharge port being positioned above the drilling water;
then, removing the covering from the lined starter hole and positioning the doors in the closed position;
then, actuating the air pressure device to provide air to the air hose;
then, actuating the power drive to drive the first and second tubular portions in a rotatable motion, the actuating agitating debris found within the starter hole and carrying a mixture of the debris, the drilling water, and the air through the well-drilling apparatus to a surface of the well;
as each of the plurality of discharge ports approaches the surface of the drilling water, closing each of the plurality of discharge ports and opening the next highest each of the plurality of discharge ports; and
as the fastener affixing two tubular portions reaches the semicircular cutout sections,
de-actuating and raising the power drive;
opening the plates to allow the fastener to be positioned beneath the plates, and re-closing the plates;
then, inserting a third tubular portion of the plurality of tubular portions through the drill stem connection;
using a second fastener, affixing a lower end of the third tubular portion inserted through the drill stem connection to an upper end of the first tubular portion of the plurality of tubular portions;
positioning the power drive at a height such that the first tubular portion is inserted through the semicircular cutout sections; and
then, re-actuating the power drive to drive the second and third tubular portions in a rotatable motion.

US Pat. No. 10,428,579

DEVICE FOR STOPPING, RELEASING AND RESTORING THE POSITION OF ROLLER-TYPE WINDOW NETS

1. Device (1) for stopping, releasing and restoring a position of roller window nets (48), the device (1) comprising:a fixing shaft (13) having a coupling groove (15) formed in a front of an external circumferential surface thereof and an insertion groove (16) formed in a rear surface thereof;
a ball rotor (18) inserted onto the fixing shaft (13) and coupled to the external circumferential surface of the fixing shaft (13), the ball rotor (18) including a front portion coupled by means of a spring (30) and having a conveying groove (20) formed in a surface thereof for conveying a ball (40) and a guide jaw (38) formed in a central part thereof, wherein the ball (40) is inserted into the conveying groove (20), in which the spring (30) comprises a first lateral end releasably fixed in the external circumferential surface of a front side of the fixing shaft (13), and a second lateral end fixed in a front side of the ball rotor (18) by means of a screw (31); and
an outer rotor (42) coupled to the conveying groove (20) via the ball (40) and having a rotation groove (44) formed in an internal circumferential surface thereof, wherein the ball (40) is coupled to the rotation groove (44) to rotate;
wherein the first lateral end of the spring (30) is releasably fixed to the external circumferential surface of the front side of the fixing shaft (30); and
wherein the second lateral end of the spring (30) is fixed to the front portion of the ball rotor (18) by means of the screw (31) secured to a threaded opening in the front portion of the ball rotor (18) to wind the spring (30) through the front portion of the ball rotor (18).

US Pat. No. 10,428,576

STORAGE FACILITY FOR OBJECT OF PAYING OF RESPECTS

Daifuku Co., Ltd., Osaka...

1. A storage facility for objects of paying of respects comprising:a plurality of storage sections each configured to store an object of paying of respects;
a respects-paying area which includes an area for a person, visiting to pay respects, to pay respects; and
a transport device configured to transport an object of paying of respects between any of the plurality of storage sections and a support position provided in the respects-paying area;
a partition wall located in the respects-paying area to partition off the support position from a respects-paying position for a person visiting to pay respects;
a variable-light-transmittance member whose light transmittance is adjustable;
an illuminating device for which an amount of light emitted thereby is adjustable; and
a controller configured to control the light transmittance of the variable-light-transmittance member and the amount of light emitted by the illuminating device;
wherein a window for allowing the person visiting to pay respects to view an object of paying of respects is formed in an area, of the partition wall, toward which the object of paying of respects faces when supported in the support position,
wherein the variable-light-transmittance member is located in the window,
wherein the illuminating device is so positioned that light therefrom reaches the object of paying of respects supported in the support position,
wherein the illuminating device includes a light source which is located in an area around an opening of the window at a position on a side of the support position, and
wherein the controller is configured to increase at least one of the light transmittance of the variable-light-transmittance member and the amount of light emitted by the illuminating device as an object of paying of respects arrives at the support position through a transport operation of the transport device.

US Pat. No. 10,428,575

VENTED HINGE ASSEMBLY

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A hinge assembly for pivotably attaching a door to a monument, the hinge assembly comprising:a first monument piece including a first knuckle and a monument leaf attached to the first knuckle of the first monument piece and configured for coupling to the monument;
a second monument piece including a first knuckle and a monument leaf attached to the first knuckle of the second monument piece and configured for coupling to the monument, wherein the second monument piece is spaced apart from the first monument piece by a first distance;
a door piece including an intermediate door knuckle extending across the first distance, and a door leaf coupled to the intermediate door knuckle and configured for attachment to the door; and
a pin extending through the first knuckle of the first monument piece, the first knuckle of the second monument piece, and the intermediate door knuckle;
wherein, when the hinge assembly is mounted to the door and monument, a space is formed between the intermediate door knuckle and the monument to define a vent gap through the hinge assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,428,574

DOOR OPENABLE IN CASE OF STRUCTURAL FAILURE

1. A door openable in case of structural failure, having a front face (2) and a rear face (3), a vertical hinge side (4) and a latch side (5) from which a latch (6) protrudes for latching said door, characterized in that:said door comprises a major door portion (8) bearing said latch (6) and at least one end door portion (9,30) where said at least one end door portion (9,30) is partially enclosed by a first portion of said front face (2) and said rear face (3);
where said major door portion (8) is enclosed by:
(a) a second portion of said front face (2) and said rear face (3);
(b) by said vertical hinge side (4); and
(c) by said latch side (5) of said door;
wherein said door has a surface (10) inclined downwardly from said front face (2) to said rear face (3) that encloses said major door portion (8), said surface (10) being between said major door portion (8) and said at least one end door portion (9,30), wherein a plurality of energy absorbers are arranged so that said energy absorbers lie along said inclined surface (10), wherein said plurality of energy absorbers are torsion coil springs (11) working in compression, which are housed in respective semi-cylindrical elongated seats (12, 13) formed correspondingly in said major door portion (8) and in said at least one end door portion (9,30), said torsion spring coils (11) being arranged on said inclined surface (10) where an abutment element (14, 15) is provided for each torsion coil spring (11), said abutment element (14,15) being integral with said major door portion (8) and said at least one end door portion (9,30) being positioned at opposite ends of said semi-cylindrical elongated seats (12, 13).

US Pat. No. 10,428,543

ENDLESS POOL ASSEMBLY

1. A pool assembly, comprising:a pool body having a floor and a first side wall and a second side wall, each extending upwardly from said floor and an inlet wall and an exit wall, each extending between said first side wall and said second side wall, and each extending upwardly from said floor to define a pool cavity for containing water;
said pool body including an injection manifold disposed in said inlet wall for providing a flow of water into said pool cavity and an ejection manifold disposed in said exit wall for removing the flow of water from said pool cavity; and
a stairway and seat subassembly disposed in said pool cavity and being porous and defining a plurality of openings uniformly distributed thereabout for allowing the flow of water to pass through said stairway and seat subassembly.

US Pat. No. 10,428,522

CONSTRUCTION METALLIC TRAPEZOIDAL SYSTEMS

1. A construction system definable in terms of an X, Y, and Z coordinate axes structure, the system comprising:(a) a first part having a hollow four-walled web elongate in the Z axis, having a securement flange on the upper XZ base of the elongate Z axis member;
(b) a second part having at least one open end for complemental engagement of the first part wherein the second part may fit over distal ends of said first part in which a cross-section of the second part is generally that of the first part, but wide and tall enough to allow the first part to slip within the second part, and said second part having an opposite end of said opening, wherein said second part securing the first part to a structural support;
(c) said first part having a hollow four-walled web having a lower XZ base and an upper XZ base along an elongate Z axis connected by two opposing webs on the YZ planes;
(d) a channel in said Z axis in the center of said upper XZ base;
(e) a flange extending upwardly in a positive Y direction from said upper XZ base;
(f) said flange formed from one YZ surface pressed against an opposing YZ surface, and said flange having a series of YZ cut-outs;
(g) said cut-outs having a lower edge and an upper mouth; and
(h) a Y height of said cut out selected from the range of about part of the way down from the upper mouth to the lower edge to all of the way down from the upper mouth to the lower edge.

US Pat. No. 10,428,514

STEAM VENT SYSTEM

CONSOLIDATED EDISON COMPA...

1. A movable steam vent system for an enclosed subsurface space having an opening, the system comprising:a base portion having a tapered outer surface defined by an outer wall, a frustoconical inner surface defined by an inner wall, a plurality of ribs extending from the inner surface, the inner wall and the outer wall defining a space therebetween, the base portion further having an opening in an upper surface, the opening being defined by a wall having a slot therein, the opening being in fluid communication with a first hollow interior defined by the inner wall, the inner wall having an end that is sized to cover the subsurface space opening; and
at least one pipe member removably coupled by a rotational movement to the base portion, the at least one pipe member having a wall with an outer surface, and an inner surface, the pipe member inner surface defining a second hollow interior that is in fluid communication with the first hollow interior;
wherein the at least one pipe member includes a projection that extends from a first end, the projection being sized to fit within the base portion opening;
wherein the projection of the at least one pipe member includes a first tab, the first tab being positioned in the slot of the base portion when the at least one pipe member is coupled to the base portion;
wherein the first tab includes a semi-spherical outer surface with a curved outer edge and two adjoining sides.

US Pat. No. 10,428,484

INSULATED SLAB-ON-GRADE FOUNDATION SYSTEM

1. An insulated slab-on-grade foundation system for supporting a foundation, the insulated slab-on-grade foundation system being supported by a gravel layer defining a substantially horizontal profile and a substantially slanted profile adjacent the substantially horizontal profile, the slab-on-grade foundation system comprising:a plurality of adjacent modular slabs supported by the gravel layer in the substantially horizontal profile and adjacent the substantially slanted profile, the plurality of adjacent modular slabs together forming a modular slab perimeter, each one of the plurality of adjacent modular slabs defining an outer surface and an inner surface and comprising:
a base portion supported by the gravel layer in the substantially horizontal profile, the base portion defining an outer end and an inner end;
a wall portion upwardly and substantially perpendicularly extending from the base portion at the outer end, the wall portion defining a lower end and an upper end; and
a longitudinal groove formed within the outer end of the base portion and at the outer surface of the modular slab;
an isolating slab layer supported by and covering the substantially horizontal profile found inside the modular slab perimeter;
an edge portion mounted along the upper ends of the wall portions connecting at least two adjacent modular slabs of the plurality of modular slabs together; and
a peripheral skirt portion supported by the gravel layer in the substantially slanted profile, the peripheral skirt portion defining a connection end inserted within the longitudinal groove;
the plurality of adjacent modular slabs and the isolating slab layer together forming a receptacle for receiving poured concrete therein.

US Pat. No. 10,428,428

MICROWAVE PLASMA AND ULTRAVIOLET ASSISTED DEPOSITION APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MATERIAL DEPOSITION USING THE SAME

International Business Ma...

1. A method for depositing a material on a substrate, the method comprising:feeding a precursor gas into a processing space in which the substrate is arranged;
feeding a reactive gas into the processing space;
operating an ultraviolet radiation assembly comprising an ultra violet source unit, an optical window and a movable protective shutter configured to generate and emit ultraviolet radiation into the processing space in combination with operating a microwave radiation assembly comprising a microwave power source and a microwave applicator that comprises an annular waveguide configured to generate and emit microwave radiation into the processing space, wherein the emitted ultraviolet radiation and the emitted microwave radiation that enter into the processing space containing the substrate collectively excite at least the reactive gas that is fed into the processing space containing the substrate, wherein the annular waveguide comprises an outer cylindrical wall and an inner cylindrical wall comprising a plurality of slots, wherein each of the plurality of slots of the inner cylindrical wall comprises a dielectric window within each slot; and
depositing the material on the substrate in the processing space from a reaction of the excited reactive gas and the precursor gas.

US Pat. No. 10,428,426

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO PREVENT DEPOSITION RATE/THICKNESS DRIFT, REDUCE PARTICLE DEFECTS AND INCREASE REMOTE PLASMA SYSTEM LIFETIME

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A twin-chamber deposition system, comprising: a pair of processing chambers; a first remote plasma system in selective fluid communication with a showerhead disposed within each of the processing chambers, the first remote plasma system comprising two remote plasma chambers that are each configured exclusively for a respective one of the pair of processing chambers; and a second remote plasma system in selective fluid communication with each of the pair of processing chambers, wherein the first remote plasma system is configured for deposition precursors and the second remote plasma system is configured for cleaning precursors.

US Pat. No. 10,428,295

FABRIC WRINKLE REDUCTION COMPOSITION

Colgate-Palmolive Company...

1. A fabric conditioner composition comprising:a cationic fabric softener, which is an esterquat having the formula:

wherein:
R4 is an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having from 8 to 22 carbon atoms,
R2 and R3 represent (CH2)S—R5,
R5 is an alkoxy carbonyl group containing from 8 to 22 carbon atoms, benzyl, phenyl, C1-C4 alkyl substituted phenyl, OH, or H,
R6 is benzyl, phenyl, C1-C4 alkyl substituted phenyl, OH, or H,
q, s, and t, are each independently an integer from 1 to 3, and
X? is a softener compatible anion; and
0.02 to 0.04% by weight of an amino-functional, epoxide group containing silicone polymer having a weight average molecular weight of 400,000 to 900,000 that exhibits a capability of reducing the number of fabric wrinkles same as a composition that has 5% by weight of the same silicone polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,428,291

ASHLESS OIL ADDITIVES AND THEIR USE AS TBN BOOSTERS

Cummins Filtration IP, In...

1. An engine oil composition, comprising:an engine oil; and
an ashless oil additive comprising at least one diazabicyclo or triazabicyclo compound, wherein the diazabicyclo or triazabicyclo compound comprises at least three tertiary amines.

US Pat. No. 10,428,289

METHODS FOR MAKING AND DISTRIBUTING BATCHES OF BUTANE-ENRICHED GASOLINE

1. An automated method of generating key performance indicators of a butane blending operation comprising:a) providing a central information processing unit that maintains hourly time;
b) providing a petroleum conduit and a flow of petroleum through said conduit;
c) providing a butane supply and a butane blending system on said petroleum conduit;
d) detecting points in time when said butane blending system stops and resumes operation;
e) associating said points in time with said hourly time, and generating data corresponding to segments of hourly time when said butane blending system stopped and resumed operation during a given time frame (“inoperative time segments”).

US Pat. No. 10,428,286

ASSOCIATIVE POLYMERS FOR USE IN A FLOW AND RELATED COMPOSITIONS, METHODS AND SYSTEMS

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF T...

1. A framing associative polymer comprising:a linear, branched, or hyperbranched polymer backbone having at least two ends and a functional group presented at two or more ends of the at least two ends of the linear, branched, or hyperbranched polymer backbone;wherein the linear, branched, or hyperbranched polymer backbone is substantially soluble in a host non-polar composition,wherein a number of the functional groups presented at the two or more ends is formed by associative functional groups each capable of undergoing an associative interaction with another associative functional group in the non-polar composition with an association constant (k), wherein
in which Rg is the radius of gyration of the framing associative polymer in the non-polar composition in nanometers, Na is Avogadro's constant; and nF is the average number of the associative functional groups in the framing associative polymer,wherein a longest span of the framing associative polymer has a contour length Lf, such that ½ Lbf?Lf
in which Fbf is the rupture force of the framing associative polymer in nanonewtons, Re is the Reynolds number, d is the characteristic length of the flow in meters, p is the viscosity of the host non-polar composition ?h or the viscosity of the associative non polar composition ?a in Pa·s, and ? is the density of the host non-polar composition ?h or the viscosity of the associative non polar composition ?a in kg/m3,
wherein when c?2 c*, ? is the viscosity of the host non-polar composition ?h, ? is the density of the host non-polar composition ?h, and when c>2 c*, ? is the viscosity of the associative non-polar composition ?a, and ? is the density of the associative non-polar composition ?a,
and wherein

in which Mw is the weight-average molecular weight, Rg is the radius of gyration, and Na is Avogadro's constant.

US Pat. No. 10,428,285

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING OF CARBON-CONTAINING FEED STOCK INTO GASIFICATION GAS

1. A downdraft gasification method comprising the steps ofproviding a loading mechanism trunk,
providing a drying zone
providing a plasticization zone
providing a pyrolysis zone
providing a combustion zone
providing a reforming zone
providing a slag discharge zone
supplying feedstock,
forcing said feedstock through said loading mechanism trunk as well as through each of said drying zone, pyrolysis zone, combustion zone, reforming zone and slag discharge zone with a loading mechanism that comprises an elongated loading mechanism trunk and a feedstock feeder,
causing said feedstock being forced through said loading mechanism trunk to form a plug that substantially hermetically separates said drying zone, said plasticization zone, said pyrolysis zone, said combustion zone, said reforming zone and said slag discharge zone from the atmosphere;
causing formation and separation of steam from said feedstock in said drying zone,
causing pyrolysis gases to form in said pyrolysis zone,
separating substantially all of said pyrolysis gases from said feedstock in said pyrolysis zone, thereby causing separation of carbon char residue;
and forming gasification gases.

US Pat. No. 10,428,284

GROUP III BASE STOCKS AND LUBRICANT COMPOSITIONS

EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND E...

1. A method for producing a diesel fuel and a base stock, comprising:providing a feed stock comprising a vacuum gas oil feed;
hydrotreating the feed stock under first effective hydrotreating conditions to produce a first hydrotreated effluent;
hydrotreating the first hydrotreated effluent under second effective hydrotreating conditions to produce a second hydrotreated effluent;
fractionating the second hydrotreated effluent to produce at least a first diesel product fraction and a bottoms fraction;
hydrocracking the bottoms fraction under effective hydrocracking conditions to produce a hydrocracked effluent;
dewaxing the hydrocracked effluent under effective catalytic dewaxing conditions to produce a dewaxed effluent, the dewaxing catalyst including at least one non-dealuminated, unidimensional, 10-member ring pore zeolite, and at least one Group VI metal, Group VIII metal or combination thereof;
hydrotreating the dewaxed effluent under third effective hydrotreating conditions to produce a third hydrotreated effluent; and
fractionating the third hydrotreated effluent to form at least a second diesel product fraction and a base stock product fraction, wherein the Group III lubricant base stock product fraction includes greater than or equal to 95 wt. % saturated hydrocarbons, a kinematic viscosity at 100° C. between 5 cSt and 12 cSt and has a ratio of multi-ring naphthenes to single ring naphthenes (2R+N/1RN) of less than about 0.59, and a ratio of branched carbons to straight chain (BC/SC) carbons less than or equal to 0.26.

US Pat. No. 10,428,282

METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUSLY ELIMINATING ISOBUTANAL AND ETHANOL FROM OLEFINIC FEEDSTOCKS BY ADSORPTION ON A POROUS REFRACTORY OXIDE-BASED MATERIAL

IFP Energies nouvelles, ...

1. A method for purifying an olefinic feedstock that comprises olefins with 4 carbon atoms and impurities including isobutanal, ethanol, and acetone, wherein said method comprises:a) pretreatment that comprises at least one acetone elimination; and
b) simultaneously eliminating isobutanal and ethanol by running the pretreated feedstock obtained from a) over at least one fixed bed with at least one adsorbent that comprises at least one porous refractory oxide-based material,
wherein b) operates at a temperature of between 0 and 200° C., at a pressure of 0.1 to 10 MPa, and with an hourly volumetric flow rate (VVH) of the pretreated feedstock obtained from a) over the fixed bed of between 0.1 and 10 h?1.

US Pat. No. 10,428,276

FEED MIXTURE FOR PRODUCING HYDROCARBONS

1. A process for producing hydrocarbons comprising:combining one or more carbonaceous feedstocks with water and an additional component of a texturing agent to obtain a feed mixture;
pressurizing said feed mixture to a pressure substantially in a range of 150 to 375 bar; and
heating the pressurized feed mixture to a temperature substantially in a range of 300 to 430° C.,
wherein the texturing agent is adapted to stabilize the feed mixture to prevent separation and further to maintain the feed mixture as a homogenous mixture during the pressurizing step,
wherein the texturing agent is adapted to be converted or degraded during the hydrocarbon production process, and
wherein the texturing agent comprises a derivative of a cellulosic material and is selected from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC), polyanionic cellulose (PAC), a derivative of methylcellulose, and a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,428,274

LIQUID CRYSTAL ALIGNMENT AGENT FOR PHOTO-ALIGNMENT, ALIGNING MEMBER, AND RETARDATION MEMBER

NISSAN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIE...

1. A liquid crystal alignment agent for photo-alignment, the liquid crystal alignment agent containing (A) a resin having a side chain including a structure of Formula (1) below, and (B) a compound of Formula (2) below,
in Formula (1), X1 is a benzene ring which may be substituted with a substituent, wherein the substituent is one or more of an alkyl group, a haloalkyl group, an alkoxy group, a halogen atom, a cyano group and a nitro group, and R is a substituent selected from OH and NH2;

in Formula (2), any 3-5 of R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 are each independently a substituent selected from a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, C1-6 alkyl, C1-6 haloalkyl, C3-8 cycloalkyl, C3-8 halocycloalkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 haloalkenyl, C3-8 cycloalkenyl, C3-8 halocycloalkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C2-6 haloalkynyl, C1-6 alkoxy, C1-6 haloalkoxy, (C1-6 alkyl)carbonyl, (C1-6 haloalkyl)carbonyl, (C1-6 alkoxy)carbonyl, (C1-6 haloalkoxy)carbonyl, (C1-6 alkyl)aminocarbonyl, (C1-6 haloalkyl)aminocarbonyl, di(C1-6 alkyl)aminocarbonyl, cyano and nitro, and when any 3 or 4 of R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 are as defined above, the remaining one or two of R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 is/are a group of Formula (3) below,

in Formula (3), the dashed line is a bond, R6 is C1-30 alkylene, phenylene, or a divalent carbocyclic ring or heterocyclic ring, one or a plurality of hydrogen atoms of the alkylene, phenylene, or divalent carbocyclic ring or heterocyclic ring is optionally substituted with a fluorine atom, and when R6 is C1-3 alkylene, —CH2CH2— of R6 is optionally replaced by —CH?CH—, —CH2— of R6 is optionally replaced by phenylene or a divalent carbocyclic ring or heterocyclic ring, and is optionally replaced by —O—, —NHCO—, —CONH—, —COO—, —OCO—, —NH—, —NHCONH—, or —CO—, provided these groups are not adjacent to each other, and R7 is a hydrogen atom or a methyl group, and n is an integer of 0 or 1.

US Pat. No. 10,428,269

INDENOTRIPHENYLENE DERIVATIVE AND ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENCE DEVICE USING THE SAME

5. An organic electroluminescence device, comprising a pair of electrodes composed of a cathode and an anode, and a light emitting layer and one or more organic thin film layers between the pair of electrodes, wherein at least one of the light emitting layer and the organic thin film layer comprises the indenotriphenylene derivative of claim 1.