US Pat. No. 10,429,859

PRESSURE REGULATOR

1. A pressure regulator with an on/off function, said pressure regulator comprising:a housing assembly defining a fluid flow path from an input end to an output end, wherein fluid output from said housing is defined as a downstream fluid supply;
a tubular flow tube supported within said housing assembly, wherein said tubular flow tube defines a fluid flow path from a first tubular flow tube end to a second tubular flow tube end;
a pressure chamber defined by a diaphragm extending between said housing assembly and said tubular flow tube, wherein said tubular flow tube is configured for linear movement toward and away from a valve seat in response to fluid pressure on said diaphragm from said pressure chamber;
a fluid port configured to deliver fluid to said pressure chamber;
an actuator configured to selectively distribute fluid to said fluid port from one of a pressurized fluid supply and said downstream fluid supply; and
an actuation chamber in fluid connection with said fluid port, wherein said actuation chamber comprises a first fluid inlet and a second fluid inlet, wherein said first fluid inlet is configured to receive fluid from said pressurized fluid source and said second fluid inlet is configured to receive fluid from said downstream fluid supply, wherein said actuator is configured to selectively allow fluid from said first fluid inlet or said second fluid inlet to enter said chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,429,858

ADVISORY CONTROLS OF DESALTER SYSTEM

BL Technologies, Inc., M...

1. A method of providing advisory controls for a desalter system, comprising:processing a crude oil blend in an oil refinery by mixing crude oil with wash water at a mixing device to form an emulsion, wherein the mixing device has one or more inlets and one or more outlets and wherein an adjustable pressure drop occurs from where the crude oil and wash water enters the mixing device through the one or more inlets to where the emulsion leaves the mixing device through the one or more outlets;
desalting the emulsion utilizing a desalter system, wherein an emulsion band forms in a desalter vessel of the desalter system, said emulsion band positioned as a distinct layer between a water and crude oil interface in the desalter vessel of the desalter system;
continuously monitoring, by a processor, performance of the desalter system as the desalter system is desalting the emulsion, wherein the continuous monitoring comprises receiving a plurality of inputs to the processor from the desalter system that are used by the processor to update a dynamic model of the desalter system;
continuously monitoring, by a sensor in communication with the processor, a position, a quality and a thickness of the emulsion band in the desalter vessel of the desalter system as the desalter system is desalting the emulsion, wherein the position, quality and thickness of the emulsion band in the desalter vessel of the desalter system is provided to the dynamic model of the desalter system;
controlling one or more of the position, the quality or the thickness of the emulsion band as the desalter system is desalting the emulsion based on the dynamic model of the desalter system; and
providing recommendations for maintaining optimal pressure drop of the mixing device based on the dynamic model of the desalter system.

US Pat. No. 10,429,857

AIRCRAFT REFUELING WITH SUN GLARE PREVENTION

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A method comprising:calculating a future time to position a receiver aircraft via an optical sensor with respect to a supply aircraft for an aerial fuel transfer;
calculating a sun position relative to the position of the receiver aircraft for the future time;
determining that the optical sensor of the receiver aircraft is susceptible to solar interference for the future time based on the sun position relative to the position of the receiver aircraft;
generating a request for the supply aircraft to move to an alternate position for the future time; and
positioning the receiver aircraft via the optical sensor at the future time with respect to the alternate position of the supply aircraft for the aerial fuel transfer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,856

SAFE TAKEOFF SYSTEM

1. On an aircraft, a system comprising:at least one inertial sensor producing a first signal;
at least one wind speed sensor producing a second signal; and
at least one flight computer, operatively coupled to the at least one inertial sensor and the at least one wind speed sensor, the at least one flight computer configured to:
measure an acceleration in response to the first signal;
compare the measured acceleration with an expected acceleration value;
determine whether the measured acceleration differs significantly from the expected acceleration value;
in response to the second signal, determine whether the aircraft is operating below an upper limit speed guaranteeing the aircraft can safely perform a low kinetic energy rejected takeoff without the risk of a runway excursion or overrun; and
if the measured acceleration is determined to different significantly from the expected acceleration value and the aircraft is determined to be operating below the upper limit speed, automatically issue control signals to automatically abort takeoff conditioned on both the comparison and the speed determination, the control signals controlling the aircraft to automatically execute a rejected takeoff by reducing or reversing thrust, applying brakes, and increasing drag by controlling aerodynamic control surfaces to bring the aircraft to a safe stop.

US Pat. No. 10,429,855

METHOD OF DETERMINING GAP SPACING FOR VEHICLES IN PLATOONS

Southwest Research Instit...

1. A method of determining the optimum gap distance for a following vehicle in a platoon, the vehicle having a cooling fan and a coolant-based cooling system, comprising:storing a fan turn-on threshold temperature, representing a coolant temperature at or above which the cooling fan will become activated;
determining a base gap distance, representing a gap distance from another vehicle in front of the vehicle, the base gap distance based on the following vehicle's braking capability;
receiving a current coolant temperature value;
comparing the coolant temperature value to the fan turn-on threshold temperature;
if the coolant temperature is below the fan turn-on threshold temperature, operating the vehicle to maintain the base gap distance; and
if the coolant temperature is at or above the fan turn-on threshold temperature, operating the vehicle to increase the base gap distance such that the fan is not activated; and
using a feedback loop of repeated coolant temperature measurements to determine the amount of increase of the base gap distance; and
wherein coolant temperature is the only parameter used for predicting fan activation.

US Pat. No. 10,429,853

ZONE PASSAGE CONTROL IN WORKSITE

Sandvik Mining and Constr...

1. A system for zone passage control for a zone of an autonomously operating mobile vehicle in a worksite divided into a plurality of operation zones by checkpoints, the system comprising:a set of checkpoints between the plurality of operation zones, wherein access and exit to each operation zone is provided through the checkpoints;
a set of detection units, each detection unit being placed at a checkpoint and being arranged to detect at least one mobile object entering and/or exiting the zone;
a set of identification units, each identification unit being placed at a checkpoint and being arranged to identify the mobile object entering and/or exiting the zone; and
a central controller arranged in operational connection with the set of the detection units and with the set of the identification units, wherein the central controller is configured to determine a state of the zone on the basis of data supplied by at least one of the set of the detection units and the set of the identification units, the state of the zone including data about at least one of a number and a type of mobile objects existing in the zone and a number and a type of mobile objects entering or exiting the zone, to determine, on the basis of the determined state of the zone, an admissibility level for a mobile object to enter the zone, wherein the admissibility level for the mobile object to enter the zone is set to be positive if it is determined on the basis of the determined state of the zone that the mobile object is allowed to enter the zone or the admissibility level for the mobile object to enter the zone is set to be negative if it is determined on the basis of the determined state of the zone that the mobile object is not allowed to enter the zone, and to provide, on the basis of the determined admissibility level, a control signal to stop at least one autonomously operating mobile vehicle existing in the zone in response to the determined admissibility level being negative for the mobile object entered the zone.

US Pat. No. 10,429,851

PROXIMITY SENSING ON MOBILE ROBOTS

iRobot Corporation, Bedf...

1. An autonomous robot comprising:a drive system supporting a robot body and configured to maneuver the robot over a first floor surface; and
a sensor system disposed on the robot body, the sensor system including at least one proximity sensor comprising:
a first emitter for emitting a first optical signal from the autonomous robot toward the first floor surface;
a first detector for detecting the first optical signal; and
a housing for the first emitter and the first detector comprising:
a first baffle defining a field of view of the first emitter, the first baffle directing the first optical signal transmitted from the emitter to the first floor surface; and
a second baffle defining a field of view of the first detector, the second baffle directing the first optical signal, the first optical signal being reflected from the first floor surface to the first detector at a first angle, wherein one of the first baffle or the second baffle is a double baffle including an upper pinch point and a lower pinch point, the upper pinch point defining an upper aperture in the housing and the lower pinch point defining a lower aperture in the housing further from the first emitter or the first detector, respectively, than the upper aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,429,850

AUTOMATIC PARKING APPARATUS, PARKING GUIDANCE APPARATUS, AUTOMATIC PARKING METHOD, AND PARKING GUIDANCE METHOD

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An automatic parking apparatus of a vehicle, comprising:a monitor device configured to photograph surroundings of the vehicle;
an image display device comprising:
a display screen configured to display an image obtained through the photographing by the monitor device;
a processor configured to generate a new image from the image obtained through the photographing, and to control the display to display the new image; and
an input device comprising a touch panel on the display screen; and
a vehicle control device configured to control the vehicle to move to a parking area, which is designated through the input device with respect to the displayed new image,
wherein the parking area is designated by having an area drawn via the input device or by dragging, via the touch panel, the vehicle displayed in the new image to the area,
wherein the processor is further configured to control the display screen to display the parking area on the display screen based on input exhibiting a rectangular shape drawn via the touch panel based on the parking area being designated by the area drawn via the input device, and
wherein the processor is further configured to control the display screen to display the parking area on the display screen based on a slide operation for moving a location area mark of the vehicle at a start time of a parking operation on the display screen, which is input to the touch panel, based on the parking area being designated by the dragging of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,429,848

AUTOMATIC DRIVING SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An automatic driving system comprising:an electronic control unit configured to
recognize a position of a vehicle on a map;
recognize a vehicle state of the vehicle;
recognize an external environment of the vehicle;
create a traveling plan including a control target value of automatic driving control of the vehicle based on the position of the vehicle on the map, the vehicle state, and the external environment;
execute the automatic driving control by transmitting, based on the control target value of the traveling plan, a command value to an actuator of the vehicle;
calculate, during execution of the automatic driving control, an abnormality value based on the command value and the vehicle state corresponding to the command value; and
determine, based on the abnormality value, whether the vehicle is an a normal state, an abnormal state, or an intermediate state, the intermediate state being a state between the normal state and the abnormal state, wherein
the electronic control unit is configured to
create a normal traveling plan as the traveling plan when it has been determined that the vehicle is in the normal state,
create an abnormal traveling plan as the traveling plan when it has been determined that the vehicle is in the abnormal state, and
create a previously created traveling plan as the traveling plan, the previously created traveling plan being the normal traveling plan or the abnormal traveling plan, when it has been determined that the vehicle is in the intermediate state, wherein
in the abnormal traveling plan, at least one of the control target value, a maximum allowable value of the control target value, and a maximum allowable value of a temporal variation of the control target value is less than that in the normal traveling plan.

US Pat. No. 10,429,847

DYNAMIC WINDOW APPROACH USING OPTIMAL RECIPROCAL COLLISION AVOIDANCE COST-CRITIC

Locus Robotics Corp., Wi...

1. A method for navigation of a robot along a goal path and avoiding obstacles, comprising:receiving a goal pose for a first robot;
determining a goal path for the first robot;
receiving an obstacle map;
receiving the pose of the first robot;
receiving the pose of one or more other robots;
generating a set of candidate velocities for the first robot;
evaluating, using a first objective function, the first set of candidate velocities;
selecting, based on the first objective function, a first preferred velocity of the first robot;
creating a set of velocity obstacles based on the pose(s) of the one or more other robots and the first preferred velocity of the first robot;
evaluating, using a second objective function, the set of candidate velocities;
selecting, based on the second objective function, a second preferred velocity for the first robot; and
moving the first robot based on the second preferred velocity.

US Pat. No. 10,429,846

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR COMMUNICATING INTENT OF AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. One or more non-transitory computer-readable media that collectively store instructions that, when executed by one or more processors, cause a computing system to perform operations comprising:receiving, from an autonomy computing system of an autonomous vehicle, data included in a motion plan for the autonomous vehicle determined by the autonomy computing system and indicating an intent of the autonomous vehicle;
determining, based at least in part on the data included in the motion plan and indicating the intent, a plurality of intents of the autonomous vehicle indicating that the autonomous vehicle is stopped or stopping in response to at least a first event and a second event;
selecting, from amongst the plurality of intents and based at least in part on a predetermined hierarchy, the intent of the autonomous vehicle, wherein selecting the intent of the autonomous vehicle comprises determining a relationship between the first event and the second event in the predetermined hierarchy;
responsive to determining that the data included in the motion plan and indicating the intent meets a predetermined threshold, determining that the intent of the autonomous vehicle should be communicated to a passenger of the autonomous vehicle; and
responsive to determining that the intent of the autonomous vehicle should be communicated to the passenger:
generating a graphical interface indicating the intent of the autonomous vehicle; and
providing for display, for viewing by the passenger, the graphical interface.

US Pat. No. 10,429,845

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A POSITION OF A MARINE VESSEL NEAR AN OBJECT

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A method for controlling a position of a marine vessel, the marine vessel being powered by a marine propulsion system and movable with respect to first, second, and third axes that are perpendicular to one another and define six degrees of freedom of potential vessel movement, the method comprising:measuring a present location of the marine vessel;
determining a present heading of the marine vessel;
based on the marine vessel's present location, determining with a controller that the marine vessel is less than or equal to a predetermined range from a target location;
determining, with the controller, marine vessel movements that are required to translate the marine vessel from the present location to the target location and to rotate the marine vessel from the present heading to a target heading; and
in response to the marine vessel being less than or equal to the predetermined range from the target location, automatically controlling the marine propulsion system with the controller to produce components of the required marine vessel movements one degree of freedom at a time during a given iteration of control;
allowing a wait time to pass after producing all components of the required marine vessel movements one degree of freedom at a time during a given iteration of control; and
in response to expiration of the wait time:
measuring an updated present location of the marine vessel;
determining an updated present heading of the marine vessel;
determining, with the controller, updated marine vessel movements that are required to translate the marine vessel from the updated present location to the target location and to rotate the marine vessel from the updated present heading to the target heading; and
automatically controlling the marine propulsion system with the controller to produce components of the updated required marine vessel movements one degree of freedom at a time during a given iteration of control.

US Pat. No. 10,429,844

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING A VERTICAL PROFILE FOR AN IN-TRAIL PROCEDURE

1. A method, comprising:providing, by a computer processor, in a hardware display, a graphical vertical profile displaying an aircraft to a pilot of the aircraft; and
providing, by the computer processor, in the vertical profile, dedicated and simultaneous indications of a relative speed of and for every other aircraft shown in the vertical profile when a plurality of other aircraft are shown and only a single graphical indication of a clearance window for vertical maneuvers for the aircraft of the pilot, the clearance window provided as a single contiguous area circumscribing a subset portion of the vertical profile, even when more than two flight levels are shown; wherein:
the clearance window, when displayed within the displayed vertical profile, further comprises one of:
a single visual indication that spans all flight levels that are obstructed according to predefined flight rules when a plurality of flight levels are obstructed, and
a single visual indication that spans all allowable flight levels according to the predefined flight rules.

US Pat. No. 10,429,843

PARAMETRIZABLE AUTOMATIC PILOTING SYSTEM INTENDED FOR AN AIRCRAFT

THALES, Courbevoie (FR)

12. A method of automatic piloting aboard an aircraft comprising a step of acquiring aircraft signals, a step of interacting with the crew, and a step of processing output signals, further comprising certified calculation steps parameterized by means of a database of binary parameters (DB) for:Formulating an external context, by means of a set of variables representative of conditions exterior to the automatic piloting system, generated on the basis of the aircraft signals;
Formulating an operational context, by means of a set of variables representative of operational conditions internal to the automatic piloting system, generated on the basis of aircraft signals or of external-context variables;
Formulating execution logic for the automatic piloting system, by associating with an activation event, at least one external or operational context and an activation type;
Managing piloting or guidance directives commanded by the pilot or calculated by the automatic piloting system on the basis of an activation event, for a given context;
Managing piloting or guidance laws and modes, by means of a set of guidance segments which is associated with at least one activation logic, a piloting configuration, or a guidance dynamics.

US Pat. No. 10,429,842

PROVIDING USER ASSISTANCE IN A VEHICLE BASED ON TRAFFIC BEHAVIOR MODELS

Toyota Research Institute...

1. A roadway-maneuverable host vehicle, comprising:at least one processor; and
a memory communicably coupled to the at least one processor and storing instructions that when executed by the at least one processor cause the at least one processor to, in association with the host vehicle being maneuvered on a roadway:
evaluate information about an environment surrounding the host vehicle;
receive a traffic behavior model that describes a predominating driving behavior of a like population of reference vehicles using value-based expressions of statistically predominating attributes of how the like population of reference vehicles performs a driving maneuver, the like population of reference vehicles including reference vehicles maneuvering on roadways at least one of in a same location as the host vehicle, at a same time of day as the host vehicle, under a same roadway condition as the host vehicle, under a same traffic condition as the host vehicle and under a same weather condition as the host vehicle;
generate, based on the evaluation of the information about the environment surrounding the host vehicle, a driving plan for performing the driving maneuver that describes at least one value-based expression of an attribute about performing the driving maneuver that matches a value-based expression of a statistically predominating corresponding attribute of how the like population of reference vehicles performs the driving maneuver, whereby under the driving plan, a driving behavior of the host vehicle matches the predominating driving behavior of the like population of reference vehicles; and
operate vehicle systems in the host vehicle to perform the driving maneuver according to the driving plan.

US Pat. No. 10,429,839

MULTI-SENSOR ENVIRONMENTAL MAPPING

SZ DJI TECHNOLOGY CO., LT...

19. One or more non-transitory computer-readable storage media having stored thereon executable instructions that, when executed by one or more processors onboard an unmanned aerial vehicle within an environment, cause the one or more processors to:(a) determine, using at least one of a plurality of sensors carried by the unmanned aerial vehicle, an initial location of the unmanned aerial vehicle, wherein the plurality of sensors comprise (1) at least one vision sensor configured to capture image data to generate a first sensing signal and (2) at least one proximity sensor configured to obtain distance data to generate a second sensing signal;
(b) assess suitability of the first and second sensing signals for generating various portions of an environmental map, wherein said assessment is based on distinct characteristics of the various portions of the environment and distinct capabilities of the at least one vision sensor and the at least one proximity sensor;
(c) based on the assessed suitability of (b), (i) select the first sensing signal for generating a first portion of the environmental map, and (ii) select the second sensing signal for generating a second portion of the environmental map, wherein the first sensing signal is assessed to be more suitable than the second sensing signal for generating the first portion of the environmental map, and wherein the second sensing signal is assessed to be more suitable than the first sensing signal for generating the second portion of the environmental map;
(d) based on the selected sensing signals of (c), (i) process the image data captured by the vision sensor to generate a first set of depth images including depth information for the first portion of the environmental map, and (ii) process the distance data obtained by the proximity sensor to generate a second set of depth images including depth information for the second portion of the environmental map;
(e) combine the first and second sets of depth images to generate the environmental map; and
(f) effect the unmanned aerial vehicle to autonomously return to the initial location or fly to a specified location utilizing the environmental map.

US Pat. No. 10,429,838

UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLE (UAV) LANDING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

The Boeing Company, Chic...

19. A system for landing a plurality of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) at a destination, the system comprising:the plurality of UAVs that are to arrive at the destination; and
a landing coordination control unit that is configured to switch the plurality of UAVs from a normal operating mode to a landing mode in response to the plurality of UAVs entering a regulated airspace in relation to the destination, wherein the normal operating mode includes normal instructions for flying and navigating to the destination, wherein the landing mode includes landing instructions for a landing sequence into a landing zone at the destination, and wherein the landing coordination control unit is configured to automatically provide an order of landing for the plurality of UAVs at the landing zone.

US Pat. No. 10,429,837

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE PARKED AT A FIRST POSITION

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a motor vehicle parked at a first position, using a mobile terminal, comprising:monitoring, using at least one sensor, at least one of a surrounding field of the parked motor vehicle and a route from a present position of the mobile terminal to the parked motor vehicle;
transmitting monitoring data, based on the monitoring, via a wireless communication network to the mobile terminal;
computerized ascertaining of a second position, the second position being ascertained using a computer based on the second position satisfying one or more predetermined conditions;
after transmitting the monitoring data, receiving a move command, sent from the mobile terminal via the wireless communication network, for moving the motor vehicle away from the first position; and
operating the motor vehicle in a driverless manner to move the motor vehicle from the first position to the ascertained second position in response to the reception of the move command sent from the mobile terminal via the wireless communication network;
wherein the one or more predetermined conditions include at least one of the following: (i) that the second position is illuminated with a predetermined brightness, and/or (ii) that traffic in an area surrounding the second position exhibits a predetermined minimum density, and/or (iii) that the second position is located on a roadway, and/or (iv) that the second position is located at an exit of a parking facility.

US Pat. No. 10,429,834

CONTROL INTERFACE FOR UXV

ISRAEL AEROSPACE INDUSTRI...

1. A surveillance system, comprising:an unmanned vehicle (UxV) control unit configured to communicate over a communication link with a UxV; the UxV including a sensing unit configured to capture one or more images of a surveyed area and transmit the images to the UxV control unit; the UxV control unit is configured to display the one or more images on a display device;
wherein the UxV control unit is further configured, responsive to received data indicative of a selected object in the one or more images, to assign a graphical control icon to the selected object; the graphical control icon being a three-dimensional (3D) representation of the selected object, wherein different areas of the selected object are assigned to different respective areas of the graphical control icon;
wherein the graphical control icon is capable of being interacted by an operator for changing an orientation and thus exposing, towards the operator, areas of the control icon that represent areas of the selected object that are not exposed in the one or more images and thereby enable the operator to provide instructions with respect to the areas not exposed in the one or more images;
wherein the surveillance system is configured, responsive to interaction of an operator with the control icon for indicating desired viewing angles of the selected object, to:
determine whether viewing the selected object in the desired viewing angles requires repositioning of the UxV and if so, to generate instructions for repositioning the UxV to enable the sensing unit to view the object at the desired viewing angles.

US Pat. No. 10,429,833

METHOD AND INDUSTRIAL TRUCK FOR ASCERTAINING AND REPRESENTING THE POSITION OF STORAGE BINS IN A WAREHOUSE

Jungheinrich Aktiengesell...

1. A method for determining the position of a plurality of storage bins in a warehouse, comprising the steps of:(i) obtaining image data from at least one lateral 3D camera and at least one front 3D camera each coupled to an industrial truck having a location system and a direction of travel, the at least one lateral 3D camera oriented transversely to the direction of travel of the industrial truck, the at least one front 3D camera being aligned with the direction of travel of the industrial truck;
(ii) obtaining location information concerning the industrial truck by a location system;
(iii) determining position data associated with the plurality of storage bins in a warehouse defining a fixed coordinate system, the position data being determined based on the location information of the industrial truck and the image data acquired by one of the at least one lateral 3D camera and the at least one front 3D camera;
(iv) storing the position data of the plurality of storage bins in a database of a computer processing unit;
(v) performing a first optimization step wherein the position stored in the database take into account the position of a rack structure of the warehouse, the position of the rack structure is determined based on the unique identifier of each of the plurality the storage bins and on a previously known distance between at least two storage bins in the plurality of storage bins, and,
(vi) performing a second optimization step wherein the position data associated with at least one of the plurality of storage bins is adjusted based on the image data from the at least one front 3D camera, and wherein the image data of a plurality of storage bins are obtained by a front 3D camera which is directed along the direction of travel, and obtaining and storing position data of a vertical shelf support based on the image data.

US Pat. No. 10,429,832

METHOD FOR THE REMOTE CONTROL OF A FUNCTION OF A MOTOR VEHICLE USING AN ELECTRONIC UNIT OUTSIDE THE VEHICLE, AND A MOTOR VEHICLE

Valeo Schalter und Sensor...

1. A method for the remote control of a function of a motor vehicle by a vehicle-external electronic unit, in which the vehicle-external electronic unit is checked during the driving event of the motor vehicle in that the vehicle-external electronic unit triggers a mathematical operation, the result of which is checked for correctness by a control device of the motor vehicle,storing, in the control device, a look-up table comprising an index list;
for triggering the mathematical operation in the vehicle-external electronic unit, transmitting an index by the control device to the vehicle-external electronic unit; and
determining, by the vehicle-external electronic unit using the index as an input variable to the look-up table, which operation is carried out by the motor vehicle, wherein the index list is stored in dependence on the index in the look-up table, by means of which the mathematical operation is carried out.

US Pat. No. 10,429,831

ADJUSTING INDUSTRIAL VEHICLE PERFORMANCE

Crown Equipment Corporati...

1. A computer-executed process of evaluating industrial vehicle performance, the process comprising:computing, by a processor programmed by program code stored in memory, a combined cutback curve for a kinematic function of driving an industrial vehicle by:
obtaining a first cutback curve characterizing speed versus distance when traveling down a path;
obtaining a second cutback curve characterizing speed versus distance in an end of aisle speed restricted zone; and
computing the combined cutback curve by taking the minimum points when the first cutback curve is overlaid onto the second cutback curve where path distance defines a common coordinate axis;
generating a kinematic model of the industrial vehicle based on the kinematic function of driving the industrial vehicle, and at least one constraint of an environment in which the industrial vehicle operates, and
performing a simulation based on the kinematic model of the industrial vehicle, comprising applying the kinematic model to:
a workflow model that defines tasks of the industrial vehicle within the environment, wherein the tasks are based upon the kinematic model; and
a job specification that characterizes a job associated with the defined workflow model;
wherein the kinematic model is applied to evaluate industrial vehicle performance and determine results, and the combined cutback curve modifies at least one vehicle performance parameter for the kinematic function of driving while executing at least one task; and
performing a predetermined action based on the results.

US Pat. No. 10,429,830

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR OPTIMIZING WATER UTILITY OPERATION

Aquasight LLC, Troy, MI ...

1. A method for improving the performance of a water pumping station, comprising:receiving, by a server from a water utility plant, data from a plurality of sensors included within the water utility plant;
cleansing, by the server, the data received from the water utility plant to generate cleansed data;
preparing, by the server, the cleansed data for use by the water utility plant to generate plant-specific data; and
generating, by the server, real-time analytic data based on the plant-specific data.

US Pat. No. 10,429,829

MONITORING SYSTEM, PARTICLE BEAM THERAPY SYSTEM, AND METHOD OF REPAIRING PLANT

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

1. A monitoring system comprising:a local control device that controls a plant apparatus on the basis of operation state data of the plant apparatus;
a high-order control system that is connected to the local control device through a first communication network path and controls the plant apparatus in accordance with a transmission period of the operation state data;
a monitoring and diagnosis system that monitors the plant apparatus in accordance with a monitoring period longer than the transmission period of the operation state data of the local control device;
an information discrimination unit that is disposed at the first communication network path connecting the local control device and the high-order control system to each other, performs discrimination so as to transmit a packet, which is input, to only a network port of an apparatus having a transmission destination network address, and transmits the operation state information to the high-order control system;
an information transmission unit that is disposed between the local control device of the first communication network path and the information discrimination unit, and transmits a packet received to a plurality of network ports; and
a monitoring subsystem that includes an input network port coupled to the information transmission unit to acquire the operation state information of the plant apparatus from the information transmission unit, performs diagnosis based on a preset diagnosis algorithm to thereby obtain monitoring data from the operation state information, and includes an output network port coupled to an entry network port of the information discrimination unit to transmit the monitoring information, from the output network port through a second communication network path which passes through the information discrimination unit via the entry network port and continues to the monitoring and diagnosis system via an exit network port of the information discrimination unit which is coupled to the monitoring and diagnosis system.

US Pat. No. 10,429,828

PLANT SIMULATION DEVICE AND PLANT SIMULATION METHOD WITH FIRST PARAMETER ADJUSTABLE AT START AND SECOND PARAMETER ADJUSTABLE DURING OPERATION OF THE PLANT

YOKOGAWA ELECTRIC CORPORA...

1. A plant simulation device comprising:a first storage that stores a model that models a state of a facility in a plant, a first parameter that is adjusted at a start operation of the plant, and a second parameter that is varied during an operation of the plant, wherein the first parameter and the second parameter are set in the model; and
a simulator that compares a process value of the facility with a simulated value calculated using the model and that adjusts the first parameter at the start operation of the plant,
wherein the simulator further compares the process value of the facility with the simulated value calculated using the model that includes the adjusted first parameter and adjusts the second parameter during the operation of the plant.

US Pat. No. 10,429,827

METHOD OF DYNAMICALLY CALCULATING REFRACTIVE INDEX TO DETERMINE THE THICKNESS OF ROOFING MATERIALS

TAMKO Building Products L...

1. A method of controlling the thickness of an asphalt roofing layer during manufacturing comprising:measuring temperature and density of said asphalt roofing layer;
determining a refractive index for said asphalt roofing layer, that varies with density and temperature of said asphalt roofing layer, using empirical data;
measuring time of flight of a light beam through said asphalt roofing layer;
calculating said thickness of said asphalt roofing layer by multiplying said time of flight by speed of light divided by said refractive index to obtain a measured thickness;
comparing said measured thickness of said asphalt roofing layer with a desired thickness to generate an error signal;
using said error signal to generate a control signal in a controller;
using said control signal to control an asphalt coater or scraper to alter said measured thickness of said asphalt roofing layer to said desired thickness during manufacture of said asphalt roofing layer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,826

METHOD FOR VERIFYING RADIATION INTENSITY MODULATING BODY AND DEVICE FOR VERIFYING SAME

Samsung Life Public Welfa...

1. An apparatus for verifying a radiation beam intensity modulator, the apparatus comprising:a scanner configured to obtain an image of a verification target radiation beam intensity modulator by scanning the verification target radiation beam intensity modulator, and to generate 3D structure information of the verification target radiation beam intensity modulator based on the image; and
a verification system configured to verify the verification target radiation beam intensity modulator based on the 3D structure information of the verification target radiation beam intensity modulator and original radiation beam intensity modulator information,
wherein the verification system comprises:
a modulator structure reconstruction unit configured to extract thickness information of the verification target radiation beam intensity modulator based on the 3D structure information of the verification target radiation beam intensity modulator;
an original modulator structure information receiver configured to receive structure information of the original radiation beam intensity modulator;
a modulator matching unit configured to match the verification target radiation beam intensity modulator and the original radiation beam intensity modulator with each other based on the thickness information; and
a modulator verification unit configured to verify the verification target radiation beam intensity modulator matched with the original radiation beam intensity modulator.

US Pat. No. 10,429,825

COLLABORATIVE AUTOMATION PLATFORM

King Fahd University of P...

1. A collaborative automation platform, comprising:a fault-tolerant controller server hosting one or more virtual controllers, wherein each controller is configured to run a control application;
a master junction box having a master autonomous process interface system;
a plurality of junction boxes connected to the master junction box, wherein each junction box is hard-wired to one or more field instruments and configured to receive measurement data from each field instrument; and
an input/output server comprises a fault-tolerant input/output server hosting a virtual input/output system hosting one or more input/output systems, each input/output system connected to a respective master autonomous process interface system via a local area input/output network, wherein each the virtual input/output system is configured to acquire status changes of each junction box,
record a sequence of events based on the acquired status changes,
generate applicable alarms based on the sequence of events, and
publish any changed values to subscribers, via real-time data distribution service (DDS) middleware,
wherein the real-time data distribution service middleware is configured for execution with the fault-tolerant control server, the fault-tolerant input/output server, the master autonomous process interface system, and a plurality of DAPI systems.

US Pat. No. 10,429,824

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELF-CONTAINED MODULAR MANUFACTURING DEVICE HAVING NESTED CONTROLLERS

MTM Robotics LLC, Mukilt...

1. A self-contained modular device, comprising:a plurality of self-contained modules communicatively coupled to each other, each self-contained module including:
an actuator mount configured to removably engage an actuator suited to maneuver any module coupled thereto;
an interface configured to communicate with a controller remote from each self-contained module, the controller capable of controlling the actuator;
an end-effector configured to accomplish a manufacturing function; and
a local controller disposed within the end-effector and configured to control the respective end-effector independent of a remote master controller;
wherein at least one of the plurality of self-contained modules is configured to be controlled by at least one other local controller of at least one other self-contained module independent of the remote master controller, at least one local controller configured to receive an electronic start signal from the remote master controller that causes the at least one local controller to initiate the manufacturing function of at least one other device module, and further configured to send an electronic finish signal to the remote master controller corresponding to the at least one other device module accomplishing the manufacturing function;
wherein each local controller is configured to communicate with every other local controller according to a hierarchy of control protocol with respect to each local controller present in the self-contained modular device.

US Pat. No. 10,429,823

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING A SEQUENCE OF EVENTS ASSOCIATED WITH A CONDITION IN A PROCESS PLANT

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A method for identifying a sequence of events associated with a condition in a process plant using a control system, the method comprising:recording process data of one or more field devices of the control system, wherein the process data is timestamped;
recording audio input from each personnel of a plurality of personnel of the process plant, in relation to the condition in the process plant, wherein the audio input is tagged according to identity information of the corresponding personnel;
temporally synchronizing content of each audio input with process information of at least one of an equipment related with the condition and an event from a plurality of events, wherein the process information of at least one of the equipment and the event, is identified from the process data;
identifying a keyword in the temporarily synchronized content of each audio input;
comparing each keyword with the process information of at least one of the related equipment and the related event, for identifying at least one of a new process information and a supplementary process information related to the condition, from the temporally synchronized content of the corresponding audio input; and
identifying the sequence of events associated with the condition, based on at least one of the new process information and the supplementary process information identified for each keyword, and the plurality of events identified from the process data.

US Pat. No. 10,429,822

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR BUILDING ACTIVITY-BASED DATA COLLECTION DEVICES

THE CONNECTED GRIP, INC.,...

1. A method for modeling a connected grip object, the method comprising:measuring a 2D surface area of an individual's hand;
calculating a location of one or more surface located sensors based on the measured 2D surface area;
selecting a desired radius for the connected grip object to be manufactured;
selecting a level of indentations to apply to the connected grip object to be manufactured;
projecting a 2D location of an external surface sensors array onto a 3D model of the connect grip object;
building the 3D model of the connected grip object for manufacturing; and
manufacturing the connected grip object based on the 3D model.

US Pat. No. 10,429,821

METHOD FOR PRINTING COLORED OBJECT OF 3D PRINTER

XYZPRINTING, INC., New T...

1. A method for printing colored object using a 3D printer (1) and both 3D coordinates and color data acquired from a colored model (5), the method comprising:a) inputting a 3D file of the colored model (5) at a processor;
b) reading coordinate information and color information of the colored model (5) by the processor;
c) performing a 3D route slicing process by the processor according to the coordinate information for respectively generating a route file (6) for each of a plurality of printing layers, wherein each route file (6) respectively records a printing route and a layer mark of one of the printing layers;
d) performing a 2D image slicing process by the processor according to the coordinate information and the color information for respectively generating an image file (7) for each of the printing layers, wherein each image file (7) respectively records color information and the layer mark of one of the printing layers; and
e) controlling a single 3D nozzle (3) of the 3D printer (1) to print a slicing object of each printing layer according to the printing route of each route file (6) of each printing layer, obtaining each image file (7) corresponding to the current printing layer according to the layer mark of each route file (6), and controlling a 2D nozzle (4) of the 3D printer (1) to perform coloring to directly on each printed slicing object of the current printing layer according to the color information of each obtained image file (7) after each slicing object is completely printed.

US Pat. No. 10,429,820

SLICED MODEL GENERATING APPARATUS AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING SYSTEM

ROLAND DG CORPORATION, S...

1. A three-dimensional printing system comprising:a sliced model generating apparatus that slices, at predetermined intervals, a three-dimensional model for a three-dimensional object to be printed, and generates sliced models each representing a cross section of the three-dimensional object, and
a three-dimensional printing apparatus to print a full-color three-dimensional object based on the sliced models generated by the sliced model generating apparatus, wherein
the sliced model generating apparatus includes:
a storage that stores a three-dimensional model that includes attribute information including at least color information;
a generator that slices, at the predetermined intervals, the three-dimensional model stored in the storage, and generates only one contour polyline including a plurality of line segments;
an information adder that associates each of the plurality of line segments with the attribute information of the three-dimensional model;
a converter that converts the only one contour polyline including the line segments associated with the attribute information into an image coordinate system;
an area setter that sets a plurality of areas targeted for coloring in a region surrounded by the only one contour polyline converted into the image coordinate system, each of the areas targeted for coloring being adjacent to a corresponding one of the line segments; and
a color adder that colors each of the areas targeted for coloring with a color based on the attribute information associated with a corresponding one of the line segments, and generates a sliced model;
when the color adder colors, on a pixel-by-pixel basis, each of the areas targeted for coloring with a color based on the attribute information associated with a corresponding one of the line segments, and colors pixels each including a corresponding one of the line segments, the area setter sets a plurality of outer areas each located within a corresponding one of the pixels and outside the region surrounded by the one contour polyline converted into the image coordinate system, and the color adder colors each of the outer areas with a color based on the attribute information associated with a corresponding one of the line segments; and
assuming that the line segments include a first line segment and a second line segment and that one of the pixels to be colored with a first color based on first attribute information associated with the first line segment is also to be colored with a second color based on second attribute information associated with the second line segment, the color adder colors the one of the pixels with an intermediate color between the first color and the second color.

US Pat. No. 10,429,819

FASTENING DEVICE AND FASTENING METHOD

Fu Tai Hua Industry (Shen...

1. A fastening device, comprising:a base;
a cover coupled to the base and comprising a plurality of guiding holes;
a plurality of receiving members coupled to the base and configured to receive a plurality of fastening elements;
an installation member coupled to the base and configured to fasten a specific one of the fastening elements to an electronic device;
a plurality of first sensing devices, each first sensing device corresponding to one of the receiving members to detect the installation member,
a plurality of second sensing devices, each second sensing device secured on the cover and corresponding to one of the guiding holes to detect the installation member; wherein each of the first sensing devices corresponds to at least one of the second sensing devices;
a processing unit electrically coupled to the first sensing devices, the second sensing devices, and the installation member; and
a storage device; wherein the storage device is coupled to the processing unit and stores a plurality of instructions, when the instructions are executed by the processing unit, the processing unit:
determines, by a specific one of the first sensing devices corresponding to a specific one of the receiving members, the installation member is to acquire the specific fastening element from the specific receiving member;
determines, by a specific one of the second sensing devices corresponding to a specific one of the guiding holes, the installation member is to move towards the specific guiding hole; and
controls the installation member to fasten the specific fastening element to the electronic device through the specific guiding hole when the specific first sensing device corresponds to the specific second sensing device.

US Pat. No. 10,429,818

NUMERICAL CONTROL DEVICE

FANUC Corporation, Minam...

1. A numerical control device for controlling a drive shaft of a machining tool based on a machining program, the numerical control device comprising a processor, the processor configured to:acquire an operating condition data representing operating condition of the shaft;
acquire an executing part of the machining program;
acquire a stopping factor information representing an information concerning a stopping factor at a time when the drive shaft stops;
store the operating condition data, the executing part, and the stopping factor, with each being related to an acquisition time thereof;
store a reduction information of the stopping time corresponding to the stopping factor information;
determine whether the stopping time corresponding to the stopping factor information satisfies a predetermining threshold value;
responsive to determining that the stopping time corresponding to the stopping factor information satisfies the predetermined threshold value, acquire the reduction information of the stopping time corresponding to the stopping factor information based on the stored stopping factor information; and
display the stored executing part and the stopping factor information, and the acquired reduction information of the stopping time corresponding to the stopping factor information,
wherein the predetermined threshold value corresponds to a time duration associated with reducing a cycle time of the machining tool.

US Pat. No. 10,429,815

MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE, POSITION CONTROL SYSTEM, AND MOTOR CONTROL METHOD

KABUSHIKI KAISHA YASKAWA ...

12. A position control system, comprising:a plurality of motors configured to control a position control machines;
a host control device comprising circuitry configured to input a plurality of position commands; and
a plurality of motor control devices each comprising a drive controller configured to control driving of a respective one of the motors based on the position commands input from the host control device,
wherein each of the plurality of motor control devices comprises an offset value memory configured to store a plurality of offset values corresponding to a plurality of predetermined values of the plurality of position commands, respectively, and the drive controller configured to acquire, from the offset value memory, one of the offset values corresponding to an input position command among the position commands, and control driving of the respective one of the motors based on an offset position command obtained by adding the one of the offset values to or subtracting the one of the offset values from the input position command,
wherein the drive controller is configured to determine a master-slave relation among the motor control devices, control the driving of the respective one of the motors based on the offset position command when a respective one of the motor control devices has a slave relation with respect to another one of the motor control devices, and control the driving of the respective one of the motors based on the input position command when the respective one of the motor control devices has a master relation with respect to another one of the motor control devices.

US Pat. No. 10,429,811

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TESTING CONVERGENCE OF CLOSED-LOOP CONTROL SYSTEMS

1. A method of evaluating a stability of a control system, the method comprising:generating, using a processing device, one or more convergence classifier functions from a closed-loop model, wherein the one or more convergence classifier functions convey convergent behavior of the closed-loop model over a pre-determined period of time;
generating, using the processing device, a plurality of test cases of an input space of the closed-loop model under evaluation; and
determining, using the processing device, whether one or more individual test cases of the plurality of test cases do not satisfy the one or more convergence classifier functions, wherein test cases that do not satisfy the one or more convergence classifier functions are indicative of non-converging behavior of the control system.

US Pat. No. 10,429,810

FLUIDIC DEVICE CONTROL

Funai Electric Co. Ltd., ...

1. A method for controlling a fluidic device, the method comprising the steps of:with a first hardware computing device,
receiving commands from a user interface in a relatively high level protocol comprising a standardized command language,
converting the commands from the standardized command language into a relatively mid-level protocol,
sending the commands in the relatively mid-level protocol,
receiving data,
converting the data into the standardized command language, and
sending the data to the user interface according to the standardized command language, and
with a second hardware computing device that is independent of and separate from the first hardware computing device,
receiving the commands from the first computing device in the relatively mid-level protocol,
converting the commands from the relatively mid-level protocol to at least one relatively lower level protocol that is understood by a fluidic device that is connected to the controller,
receiving data from the fluidic device, and
sending the data to the first computing device,
wherein a plurality of fluidic devices connect to the second hardware computing device, and the second hardware computing device converts the commands from the relatively mid-level protocol to a selected lower level protocol associated with a selected one of the fluidic devices to which the commands are directed.

US Pat. No. 10,429,808

SYSTEM THAT AUTOMATICALLY INFERS EQUIPMENT DETAILS FROM CONTROLLER CONFIGURATION DETAILS

Honeywell International I...

1. A system for detecting HVAC equipment faults comprising:a controller having HVAC equipment data about the HVAC equipment and convertible into configuration data used to configure the controller to control the HVAC equipment, wherein the configuration data includes descriptions about type of the controlled HVAC equipment; and
a server operatively coupled to the controller and configured to:
obtain the configuration data from the controller;
examine the configuration data to obtain the descriptions about the type of the controlled HVAC equipment for one or more devices from the controlled HVAC equipment;
determine one or more items about the one or more devices from the descriptions about the type of the controlled HVAC equipment for the one or more devices;
identify a set of specific equipment configuration values from the one or more items;
access a set of fault detection procedures based on the determined one or more items, wherein each fault detection procedure from the set of fault detection procedures has a set of triggering condition point values;
identify the set of triggering condition point values that are met by the set of specific equipment configuration values;
identify a fault detection procedure from the set of fault detection procedures that has the set of triggering conditions that are met by the set of specific equipment configuration values;
execute the fault detection procedure on the one or more devices using operational data for the one or more devices obtained from the controller in response to the triggering condition point values being met by the set of specific equipment configuration values;
define an equipment template based on the executed fault detection procedure;
map configuration parameters for the one or more devices to the equipment template; and
obtain equipment specific analytic algorithms for the one or more devices based on the mapped configuration parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,429,807

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETERMINING AN APPROPRIATE MODEL PARAMETER ORDER

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A building control system comprising:building equipment operable to control a variable state or condition of a building site;
a building analysis system configured to use statistical hypothesis testing to determine an appropriate parameter order for an energy use model for the building site, the statistical hypothesis testing comprising using performance data for the building site to test a null hypothesis that the energy use model has a first parameter order relative to an alternative hypothesis that the energy use model has a second parameter order different from the first parameter order;
wherein the statistical hypothesis testing comprises calculating a first regression statistic indicating a fit of the energy use model to the performance data under the null hypothesis that the energy use model has the first parameter order;
calculating a second regression statistic indicating a fit of the energy use model to the performance data under the alternative hypothesis that the energy use model has the second parameter order;
generating a test statistic indicating an improvement between the first regression statistic and the second regression statistic;
comparing the test statistic to a threshold value to determine whether the improvement warrants rejecting the null hypothesis;
determining the appropriate parameter order for the energy use model based on a result of the comparison; and
a building controller configured to use the energy use model with the appropriate parameter order to operate the building equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,429,806

VOLATILE COMPOSITION DISPENSER HAVING A TEMPERATURE SENSOR TO REMOTELY CONTROL AN AIR HANDLING DEVICE

1. A system for controlling the temperature in at least one room, the system comprising:a central communication unit capable of receiving incoming signals and sending outgoing instructions, the central communication unit communicably connected with a memory configured to store at least one temperature set point;
a volatile composition dispenser having a temperature sensor, wherein the volatile composition dispenser comprises a volatile composition, wherein the temperature sensor is communicably connectable with the central communication through a wireless communication link, wherein the temperature sensor is configured to measure the temperature in a room and send temperature measurements in the form of incoming signals to the central communication unit; and
an air handling device communicably connectable with the central communication unit and configured to turn on or off upon receipt of an outgoing instruction from the central communication unit,
wherein the central communication unit compares the incoming signals of temperature measurement from the temperature sensor on the volatile composition dispenser with the temperature set point and sends outgoing instructions to the air handling device to heat or cool a room to the temperature set point if the temperature measurement from the temperature sensor on the volatile composition dispenser is different from the temperature set point and to turn off if the temperature measurement is equal to or substantially equal to the temperature set point,
wherein the volatile composition dispenser is movable throughout the at least one room or movable into a different room.

US Pat. No. 10,429,805

CONTROL SYSTEM AND RECEPTION DEVICE

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A control system comprising:a first transmitter wearable by a first user;
a second transmitter wearable by a second user; and
a reception device comprising:
a receiver configured to receive a wireless signal from the first transmitter being worn by the first user and a wireless signal from the second transmitter being worn by the second user, and
at least one processor configured to cause the reception device to:
measure a distance between the reception device and the first transmitter in accordance with intensity of the wireless signal from the first transmitter received by the receiver,
measure a distance between the reception device and the second transmitter in accordance with intensity of the wireless signal from the second transmitter received by the receiver,
set a limitation on operation of the reception device when both
the measured distance between the reception device and the first transmitter is within a predetermined distance, and
the measured distance between the reception device and the second transmitter is not within the predetermined distance, and,
when the wireless signal from the first transmitter is no longer received by the receiver for a predetermined period of time while the limitation on operation of the reception device is set, release the limitation on operation of the reception device,
wherein the reception device is an electric fan and the limitation on operation is a reduction in rotation speed of the electric fan, or the reception device is a heating appliance and the limitation on operation is a reduction in temperature of the heating appliance or a stopping of operation of the heating appliance.

US Pat. No. 10,429,804

METHODS OF INTEGRATING MULTIPLE MANAGEMENT DOMAINS

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC USA, I...

1. A computer-implemented method of integrating data indicative of multiple sensed conditions received from multiple management domains, comprising:receiving, at a computer first data from a power management system that includes at least one power monitor coupled to a portion of a power distribution system, the first data being indicative of at least one sensed condition in the power distribution system, wherein the first data is communicated according to a communications protocol and formatted according to an application interface, and wherein the power management system is coupled to an arrangement of mutually related systems that include a plurality of networked devices each of which communicates to another of the devices;
receiving, at the computer second data from a data center that includes at least a server, the second data being indicative of at least one sensed condition in the power distribution system, wherein the second data is communicated according to the communications protocol and formatted according to the application interface, wherein the data center is coupled to an arrangement of mutually related systems that include a plurality of networked devices each of which communicates to another of the devices;
storing the first data and the second data in a memory device accessible by the computer; integrating the first data and the second data using a mashup application to produce first integrated data;
transforming the first integrated data using a mashup engine to produce a mashup output that is used to generate a video image indicative of the mashup output;
displaying the video image in a first area of a web portal on a video display coupled to the computer;
automatically determining, based on the first data and the second data and by the computer, an action to be carried out by the power management system for controlling the power distribution system;
displaying on the video display information indicative of the action;
receiving, at the computer third data, the third data being related to a consumable resource, wherein the third data is communicated according to the communications protocol and is formatted according to the application interface;
integrating the third data with fourth data, the fourth data being indicative of at least one sensed condition in one of the mutually related systems, using the mashup application to produce second integrated data; and
displaying information based on the second integrated data in a second area of the web portal.

US Pat. No. 10,429,803

MULTIFACTOR INTELLIGENT AGENT CONTROL

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A system for multifactor intelligent agent control, the system comprising:a history circuit set to obtain a history of intelligent agent activity for an intelligent agent, the history including a record of intelligent agent activities and corresponding factors used as intelligent agent input to generate the activities, an intelligent agent activity being an alert with user output that takes the form of a visual output, an audio output, or a haptic output;
a feedback circuit set to obtain:
detail-level-feedback input from a user, the detail-level-feedback input resulting from user manipulation of a single detail-level-feedback user interface for all factors and generic to any given factor, wherein being generic to any given factor means that the user interface does not include identified controls for individual factors nor are controls reassigned to factors prior to use by the user, wherein the detail-level-feedback user interface is arranged to accept input in one of two directions, the two directions being greater or less; and
an entry-time corresponding to the user manipulation of the detail-level-feedback user interface;
an identification circuit set to identify a set of factors from the corresponding factors based on a combination of the history of intelligent agent activity and the entry-time that corresponds to the user manipulation of the detail-level feedback, the set of factors being those used by the intelligent agent to generate the activities including the alert; and
an adjustment circuit set to modify the intelligent agent by changing an internally represented influence of members of the set of factors on the intelligent agent, the internally represented influence being changed in accordance with the detail-level-feedback input by numerically changing the internally represented influence positively or negatively depending upon whether the detail-level-feedback input from the user is greater or less respectively to change a level of detail to present to the user for the intelligent agent activity by the intelligent agent and by other intelligent agents that also uses the set of factors, the level of detail including a frequency of alerts or amount of information conveyed in an alert.

US Pat. No. 10,429,802

SELF LEARNING CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPTIMIZING A CONSUMABLE INPUT VARIABLE

S.A. Armstrong Limited, ...

1. A control system for controlling an operable flow system, comprising:one or more operable elements resulting in output variables, at least one of the operable elements including a respective variably controllable motor, wherein there is more than one operation point or path of system variables of the operable flow system that can provide a given output setpoint of a circulating medium, wherein at least one system variable at an operation point or path restricts operation of another system variable at the operation point or path; and
one or more controllers configured to operate in a control loop to:
detect input variables, the input variables including non-controllable variables and system controllable variables, the non-controllable variables including output demand, the system controllable variables include a speed of at least one of the variably controllable motors and at least one optimizable input variable, the at least one optimizable input variable including power consumed,
detect the system variables including pressure and flow of the circulating medium for the operable flow system,
update a model with respect to the at least one optimizable input variable, comprising calculating the updated model using established relationships between variables, the detected input variables and the detected system variables, the updated model providing, based on established relationships between variables, prediction of use of the input variables in all possible operation points or paths of the system variables, including the pressure and the flow, which achieve an output setpoint of the circulating medium, and
operate, based on one or more of the detected input variables and the detected system variables, the one or more operable elements in accordance with the updated model to provide an optimal operation path of the system variables which achieves the output setpoint and which optimizes consumption of the at least one optimizable input variable;
wherein for iterations of the control loop said updating of the model is based on said operating of the one or more operable elements during the control loop.

US Pat. No. 10,429,800

LAYERED APPROACH TO ECONOMIC OPTIMIZATION AND MODEL-BASED CONTROL OF PAPER MACHINES AND OTHER SYSTEMS

Honeywell Limited, Missi...

1. A method for optimization and model-based control of a paper-making process, the method comprising:receiving at least one controlled variable of a paper web from a sensor of a plurality of sensors and actuators deployed in one or more locations across the paper web in the paper-making process, wherein the at least one controlled variable is includes one or more measurements of tension, caliper, moisture, anisotropy, basis weight, color, gloss, sheen, haze, and surface features of the paper web;
generating a control tracking error using a control algorithm for the paper-making process using a controller objective function and at least one controlled variable target, wherein the control tracking error is the difference between a predicted value of the at least one controlled variable and a set point for the at least one controlled variable;
implementing the at least one controlled variable target through the plurality of sensors and actuators of the paper-making process;
optimizing the control tracking error by executing an optimization algorithm for the paper-making process using an extended version of the controller objective function, the extended version of the controller objective function including one or more additional terms added to the controller objective function, wherein the optimization tracking error of the optimization algorithm is provided to the control algorithm;
based on the control tracking error and the optimization tracking error associated with the at least one controlled variable, adjusting at least one adaptive weight parameter in the extended version of the controller objective function, the at least one adaptive weight parameter associated with at least one of the one or more additional terms, wherein each tracking error represents a difference between (i) a predicted value of a specific controlled variable at an end of a prediction horizon and (ii) a target value for the specific controlled variable; and
controlling a component of the paper-making process using the at least one adaptive weight parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,429,799

ANALOG ELECTRONIC TIMEPIECE

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. An analog electronic timepiece comprising:a plurality of hands that are rotatable;
a memory that stores both (i) local time setting information and (ii) update information to be applied to a time zone, the update information being correction information set by a user for correcting the local time setting information;
a current position acquisition unit that acquires a current position and that stores the acquired current position in the local time setting information in the memory, wherein the local time setting information includes time zone information, applying information which indicates whether or not to apply the update information, and daylight saving time implementation information for each of a plurality of areas;
a processor that rotates the plurality of hands, that reads and acquires a local time setting corresponding to the acquired current position from the memory, and that selects and sets a time zone; and
a counting unit that counts local time,
wherein the counting unit (i) counts the local time based on updated data of the local time setting information, which is generated by rewriting values of initial settings of the local time setting information to be updated values based on the update information, when the applying information included in the local time setting information indicates to apply the update information to the time zone, and (i) counts the local time based on the initial settings of the local time setting information, when the applying information included in the local time setting information indicates not to apply the update information to the time zone, and
wherein the processor controls at least one of the plurality of hands to display a local time determination result as to whether or not the local time setting information stored in the memory, based on which the counting unit counts the local time, includes the acquired current position.

US Pat. No. 10,429,798

GENERATING TIMER DATA

Lenovo (Singapore) PTE. L...

1. An apparatus comprising:an input device;
a processor;
a memory that stores code executable by the processor to:
identify a timer command from a command signal from a user through the input device;
identify a timer interval and timer characteristics of a timer from the timer command;
generate a timer tag for the timer from the timer interval and the timer characteristics, wherein the timer tag is a natural language description of the timer characteristics;
generate a timer alert from the timer tag using a neural network trained on query patterns and response templates, wherein each query pattern is a natural language pattern for inquiring regarding the timer characteristics and has a corresponding response template for responding to the query pattern and reporting on an automated action for the query pattern;
detect the timer interval expiring; and
in response to the timer interval expiring, communicate the timer alert.

US Pat. No. 10,429,797

MODULE AND TIMEPIECE

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. A module comprising:hands and a hand shaft to which the hands are attached, wherein the hand shaft extends along a hand shaft length direction;
a hand driving mechanism configured to drive the hand shaft so as to move the hands;
a first display screen configured to display information, wherein the first display screen and the hand driving mechanism are arranged to intersect a first plane perpendicular to the hand shaft length direction;
a second display screen configured to display information, wherein the second display screen is arranged between the first display screen and the hands along the hand shaft length direction, wherein the second display screen does not overlap with the first display screen in the hand shaft length direction;
a function hand and a function hand shaft to which the function hand is attached, wherein the function hand shaft extends along the hand shaft length direction;
a function hand driving mechanism configured to drive the function hand shaft so as to move the function hand; and
a button-type battery,
wherein the function hand driving mechanism and the button-type battery are arranged to intersect a second plane, parallel to the first plane, perpendicular to the hand shaft length direction.

US Pat. No. 10,429,796

TIMEPIECE COMPONENT WITH A PART HAVING AN IMPROVED WELDING SURFACE

Nivarox-FAR S.A., Le Loc...

1. A timepiece component comprising:a member provided with a substantially horizontal surface and a substantially vertical surface; and
a part fitted and welded onto the member,
wherein the part includes at least one face with a substantially rectilinear wall adjacent to an oblique wall to ensure that the part is fitted in an isostatic configuration to improve the welding thereof onto the member,
wherein the oblique wall is formed on the part to extend between the substantially horizontal surface and the substantially vertical surface when the part is fitted onto the member, and
wherein the member is part of a balance staff and the part is part of a balance spring.

US Pat. No. 10,429,794

ROTATIONAL FORCE TRANSMITTING PART

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A device for transmitting a rotational force to an electrophotographic photosensitive drum, the device comprising:a flange connectable with the photosensitive drum and having a rotational axis;
a pin supported by the flange, the pin being configured to transmit the rotational force to the flange; and
a coupling member having a rotational axis, the coupling member including (i) a first end portion operatively connected to the flange, (ii) a second end portion including at least one projection, and (iii) a connecting portion connecting the first end portion and the second end portion, wherein the first end portion includes a through-hole portion,
wherein the pin penetrates the through-hole portion and is capable of receiving the rotational force from the coupling member,
wherein the coupling member is movable with respect to the pin between a first position in which the axis of the coupling member is coaxial with the axis of the flange, and a second position in which the axis of the coupling member is inclined with respect to the axis of the flange, and
wherein in the second position the coupling member is fully inclined with respect to the axis of the flange, and an angle of inclination of the axis of the coupling member with respect to the axis of the flange is about 20 degrees to about 60 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,429,793

DEVELOPING CARTRIDGE INCLUDING CONFIGURABLE PROTRUSION

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A developing cartridge comprising:a casing having an outer surface and configured to accommodate therein developing agent;
a developing roller extending in a first direction;
a coupling positioned at the outer surface and rotatable about a first axis extending in the first direction, the coupling configured to rotate the developing roller;
an agitator extending in the first direction and rotatable about an agitator axis extending in the first direction, the agitator configured to rotate in response to rotation of the coupling; and
a first protrusion positioned at the outer surface, the first protrusion being configurable to selectively extend one of a first distance from the developing roller and a second distance from the developing roller, wherein a third distance between the first axis and the agitator axis is greater than the first distance and is greater than the second distance.

US Pat. No. 10,429,792

WASTE TONER CONTAINER AND IMAGE-FORMING APPARATUS PROVIDED WITH THE SAME

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A waste toner container attachable to and detachable from a housing of an image-forming apparatus through an opening formed in the housing, the waste toner container comprising:a casing configured to accommodate waste toner therein, the casing having a first end and a second end positioned opposite to the opening with respect to the first end in a state where the waste toner container is attached to the housing, a direction connecting the first end to the second end being a first direction, and a direction crossing the first direction being a second direction;
a guide pipe connected to the casing and configured to guide the waste toner into the casing, the guide pipe having an inlet opening through which the waste toner is introduced into the guide pipe, the guide pipe being pivotally movable relative to the casing between a first position and a second position, the guide pipe at the first position extending in the first direction, the guide pipe at the second position extending in the second direction, the guide pipe at the first position having a length in the second direction smaller than a length in the second direction of the guide pipe at the second position; and
a shutter movable relative to the guide pipe, the shutter being configured to close off an internal space of the guide pipe at the first position, the shutter being configured to allow communication of the internal space of the guide pipe at the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,429,791

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING OPTICAL PRINT HEAD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a drum unit including a rotatable photosensitive drum;
an optical print head including a light emitting surface configured to emit light to which the photosensitive drum is exposed,
wherein the optical print head is movable between
an exposure position where the photosensitive drum is exposed to the light by causing the light emitting surface to emit the light, and
a retracted position where the optical print head is retracted further from the photosensitive drum than the exposure position;
a guide portion configured to allow a cleaning member for cleaning the light emitting surface to be inserted into the guide portion in the longitudinal direction; and
an abutting portion that is provided between the light emitting surface and the guide portion in a longitudinal direction of the optical print head,
wherein the movement path of the abutting portion that moves together with the optical print head toward the exposure position and the retracted position, and the movement path of the cleaning member inserted in the guide portion and configured to clean the light emitting surface of the optical print head positioning at the retracted position intersect with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,429,790

REPLACEABLE UNIT FOR AN ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING DEVICE HAVING A RETRACTABLE ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL, IN...

1. A toner cartridge for use in an electrophotographic image forming device, comprising:a housing having a top, a bottom, a front and a rear positioned between a first side and a second side of the housing, the housing has a reservoir for holding toner;
an outlet port in fluid communication with the reservoir and facing downward on the front of the housing for exiting toner from the toner cartridge;
an electrical connector on the first side of the housing, the electrical connector is movable between a retracted position and an operative position, the electrical connector includes an electrical contact for contacting a corresponding electrical contact in the image forming device when the electrical connector is in the operative position, the electrical connector and the electrical contact of the toner cartridge move upward toward the top of the housing when the electrical connector moves from the retracted position to the operative position, the electrical connector and the electrical contact of the toner cartridge move downward toward the bottom of the housing when the electrical connector moves from the operative position to the retracted position, the electrical contact of the toner cartridge is electrically connected to processing circuitry mounted on the housing, the electrical connector includes a slit that extends downward when the electrical connector is in the operative position and that is configured to receive a post on the corresponding electrical contact in the image forming device to guide the corresponding electrical contact in the image forming device relative to the electrical connector as the electrical connector moves upward from the retracted position to the operative position and downward from the operative position to the retracted position.

US Pat. No. 10,429,789

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS IN WHICH UNEVEN IMAGE DENSITY IS SUPPRESSED WHILE SIMULTANEOUSLY FIXING FILM SURFACE LAYER IS PROTECTED

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image bearing member;
a transfer unit configured to form, together with the image bearing member, a transfer nip portion and to transfer a toner image formed on the image bearing member to a recording material at the transfer nip portion; and
a fixing unit configured to fix the toner image on the recording material to the recording material at a fixing nip portion, the fixing unit including a fixing film, a heater configured to generate heat from electric power supplied from a commercial alternating power supply, and a pressure roller configured to form, together with the heater, the fixing nip portion via the fixing film,
wherein the pressure roller is electrically grounded,
wherein a conductive path different from a power supply path from the commercial alternating power supply to the heater is provided between the commercial alternating power supply and the pressure roller,
wherein one end of the power supply path is connected with the commercial alternating power supply and the other end of the power supply path is connected with the heater,
wherein one end of the conductive path is connected with the commercial alternating power supply or the power supply path and the other end of the conductive path is connected with the pressure roller, and
wherein a capacitive element is provided on the conductive path.

US Pat. No. 10,429,788

TONER CASE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A toner case that is attached to a case attachment portion of an image forming apparatus, the toner case comprising:a case main body in which toner is stored;
a light deflector configured to receive light that has been emitted from the case attachment portion toward the case main body, and deflect the light outward;
a toner discharge port provided in the case main body so as to discharge the toner from the case main body;
an opening/closing member configured to open and close the toner discharge port by operating upon receiving a driving force; and
a lever provided at one of opposite ends of the case main body in a longitudinal direction and configured to cause the opening/closing member to operate, wherein
the case main body is formed to be elongated along a single direction, and the opposite ends thereof in the longitudinal direction are supported by the case attachment portion, and
the lever comprises the light deflector.

US Pat. No. 10,429,787

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH DETECTION OF SURFACE POTENTIAL OF PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER AND ADJUSTMENT OF SLOPE OF CHARGE POTENTIAL

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a rotatable photosensitive member;
first and second corona chargers each extending along an axial direction of said photosensitive member at a position opposing said photosensitive member and each configured to electrically charge a surface of said photosensitive member, wherein said second corona charger is disposed downstream of said first corona charger with respect to a rotational direction of said photosensitive member;
an adjusting mechanism provided in each of said first and second corona chargers and capable of adjusting, through an operator, a slope of a charge potential of said photosensitive member with respect to the axial direction;
a developing device provided downstream of said second corona charger with respect to the rotational direction and configured to develop an electrostatic image on said photosensitive member into a toner image with toner deposited on the electrostatic image at a developing position;
a detecting member provided downstream of said second corona charger and upstream of the developing position with respect to the rotational direction and configured to detect a surface potential of said photosensitive member at a plurality of positions with respect to the axial direction;
an input portion to which an instruction of the operator is inputted;
a display portion at which information is displayed; and
a controller configured to execute an operation in a first mode and a second mode in accordance with input of the instruction to said input portion, said controller causing said detecting member to detect a first surface potential of said photosensitive member after being charged by said first and second corona chargers and to cause said display portion to display information regarding the first surface potential with respect to the axial direction based on the detection result of said detecting member in the first mode, and said controller causing said detecting member to detect a second surface potential of said photosensitive member after being charged by one of said first corona charger and said second corona charger and causing said display portion to display information regarding the second surface potential with respect to the axial direction based on the detection result of said detecting member in the second mode.

US Pat. No. 10,429,786

DRIVE TRANSMISSION DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING THE DRIVE TRANSMISSION DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A drive transmission device comprising:a drive transmission body to which a drive force is applied from a drive source; and
a rotary shaft having a press-in portion mounted on one end thereof in an axial direction, the press-in portion having multiple planes disposed parallel to the axial direction and configured to receive the drive transmission body,
the multiple planes including an upstream side plane and a downstream side plane disposed downstream from the upstream side plane in a press-in direction of the drive transmission body, the upstream side plane and the downstream side plane being aligned along the press-in direction of the drive transmission body and having respective distances different from each other from an axial center of the rotary shaft,
a distance from the downstream side plane to the axial center being greater than a distance from the upstream side plane to the axial center.

US Pat. No. 10,429,785

FIXING BELT HAVING HIGH SEPARABILITY, FIXING DEVICE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A fixing belt comprising:a base layer made of a heat-resistant resin;
an intermediate layer made of a heat-resistant elastic material disposed on the base layer; and
a surface layer made of a fluororesin disposed on the intermediate layer, the surface layer containing 5 to 15 mass % of carbon black having a primary average particle diameter of 10 to 50 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,429,784

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A fixing device comprising:an endless belt member that rotates, and includes a first end on one side in an axial direction and a second end on the other side in the axial direction;
a belt support that comes into contact with part of an inner circumferential surface of the belt member to support an inner side of the belt member;
a guide portion disposed on the inner side of the belt member at at least one of the first and second ends of the belt member to guide the belt member moving in a circumferential direction;
a protruding portion disposed at a position in the circumferential direction of the belt member different from a position in the circumferential direction at which the belt support is disposed, the protruding portion protruding from the guide portion toward the other one of the first and second ends of the belt member; and
a support portion disposed on the inner side of the belt member at a position closer to a radial center portion of the belt member than the protruding portion to support the protruding portion from the center portion.

US Pat. No. 10,429,783

FIXING APPARATUS AND HEATER USED IN THE SAME THAT SUPPRESSES THERMAL STRESS FROM BEING CREATED IN THE HEATER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A fixing apparatus comprising:a fixing member;
a heater that generates heat by electric power supplied thereto, the heater including a substrate, and a first heat generating resistor and a second heat generating resistor provided on the substrate along a longitudinal direction of the substrate; and
a power shut-off member that is operated by heat of the heater to shut off supply of the electric power to the heater, the power shut-off member being in contact with the heater at a position between the first heat generating resistor and the second heat generating resistor in a lateral direction of the heater,
wherein an image formed on a recording material is fixed to the recording material with the heat of the heater with the fixing member interposed therebetween,
wherein a width of a first portion in the lateral direction, the first portion being a portion of the first heat generating resistor that overlaps a contact area between the power shut-off member and the heater in the longitudinal direction, is narrower than a width of a second portion that is a portion of the first heat generating resistor different from the first portion in the longitudinal direction,
wherein in the lateral direction, at least a portion of an outline of the first portion on a near side with respect to a virtual line that passes the contact area along the longitudinal direction is provided at a position closer to the virtual line than an outline of the second portion on a near side with respect to the virtual line, and
wherein in the lateral direction, at least a portion of an outline of the first portion on a far side with respect to the virtual line is provided at a position closer to the virtual line power shut-off member than an outline of the second portion on a far side with respect to the virtual line.

US Pat. No. 10,429,780

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a fixing member and a pressing member forming a fixing nip therebetween;
a heat generator disposed to heat a print medium passing through the fixing nip via the fixing member; and
a processor configured to control the heat generator to start heating at a timing when a non-fixed image portion formed on the print medium is expected to reach the fixing nip, based on image data of an image to be fixed, a conveyance speed of the print medium, and an estimated heat capacity of the print medium.

US Pat. No. 10,429,778

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS THAT DETERMINES A TYPE OF A RECORDING MATERIAL

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a heat generation member configured to heat a recording material placed on a placement portion;
an image forming unit configured to form an image on the recording material conveyed from the placement portion;
a detecting unit configured to perform detection for information about a characteristic of the recording material and obtain detection result;
a measuring unit configured to perform measurement for information about a moisture content around the image forming apparatus and obtain measured information; and
a control unit configured to set an image forming condition for the image forming unit based on a detection result obtained by the detecting unit, the measured information obtained by the measuring unit immediately before energization to the heat generation member is started, and a time elapsed after the energization to the heat generation member is started.

US Pat. No. 10,429,774

FIXING DEVICE HAVING SEPARATING MEMBER FOR SEPARATING SHEET FROM HEATING MEMBER AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A fixing device comprising:a heating member heating a toner transferred on a sheet;
a pressing member forming a pressing area with the heating member, the toner being pressed at the pressing area; and
a separating member contacting an outer circumferential face of the heating member and separating the sheet passed through the pressing area from the heating member,
wherein the heating member has a contact area and a non-contact area in an axis direction perpendicular to a conveying direction of the sheet, and
the contact area has a larger outer diameter than the non-contact area, and
the separating member is in contact with the contact area, and is not in contact with the non-contact area.

US Pat. No. 10,429,773

FIXING DEVICE DETECTING ABNORMALITIES AT A TEMPERATURE LOWER THAN FIXING TEMPERATURE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. A fixing device comprising:a fixing unit including a pressing device and a heating device, the fixing unit configured to fix an image formed on a recording medium by nipping the recording medium with the pressing device and the heating device;
a driving device configured to drive the fixing unit;
a load detector configured to detect a load applied to the driving device;
an abnormality detector configured to abnormality in the fixing unit with reference to the load generated when the recording medium passes through the fixing unit; and
a temperature detector configured to detect a temperature of the fixing unit,
wherein if the temperature detected by the temperature detector is lower than a fixing temperature at which the image is fixed, the abnormality detector is configured to detect whether or not the fixing unit has any abnormality by allowing the recording medium to pass through the fixing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,772

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an apparatus body;
a belt unit configured to be detachably mountable to the apparatus body,
wherein the belt unit includes,
a belt configured to bear a toner image, and
a cleaning unit configured to clean the toner image remaining on the belt,
wherein the cleaning unit includes,
a blade configured to contact the belt,
a plate configured to support the blade, and
a cleaning container configured to collect toner cleaned by the blade and configured to support the plate; and
a backup portion, provided on the apparatus body, configured to be in contact with the plate to support the plate.

US Pat. No. 10,429,771

TRANSFER DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO.,LTD., Tok...

1. A transfer device, comprising:a holding body that holds a toner image and to which a first tension and a second tension, which is smaller than the first tension, are applied;
a transfer body that includes a second transfer portion and transfers the toner image to a recording medium while transporting the recording medium between the second transfer portion and the holding body; and
a setting portion that sets tension applied to the holding body to the second tension when a mass of a toner of an uppermost toner layer constituting the toner image and disposed on the holding body is equal to or exceeds a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,429,770

POWDER-AMOUNT DETECTION DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING SAME

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A powder-amount detection device comprising:an outer electrode outside a powder container, the powder container being replaceably installable in an image forming apparatus;
an inner electrode fixedly attached to the image forming apparatus, the inner electrode configured to be inserted inside a powder supply port of the powder container by installation of the powder container to the image forming apparatus; and
a detector configured to apply an electric field between the outer electrode and the inner electrode to detect a capacitance between the outer electrode and the inner electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,429,769

SKEW ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM FOR A ROLLER OF AN INTERMEDIATE TRANSFER MEMBER

LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL, IN...

1. An image transfer assembly for an electrophotographic imaging device, comprising:a tension roll having opposed first and second axial ends;
a transfer belt having a portion extending around the tension roll such that the tension roll provides an amount of tension to the transfer belt;
a translating member slidably mounted about the second axial end of the tension roll and movable in an axial direction of the tension roll; and
an angled cam disposed below the translating member such that the translating member rides on top of and along the angled cam when the translating member moves in the axial direction changing an elevation of the second axial end of the tension roll to thereby change an amount of skew between the first and second axial ends of the tension roll.

US Pat. No. 10,429,767

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF REMANUFACTURING A TONER CONTAINER

CLOVER TECHNOLOGIES GROUP...

1. A method of refilling a used flexible toner container having a plurality of toner openings configured to discharge toner during a print operation, the used flexible toner container including a base and a body, the method comprising:forming a fill opening in the used flexible toner container by separating, from inside the flexible toner container, the base from the body, the fill opening being formed separately from the toner openings;
attaching a toner seal to the flexible toner container to cover the plurality of toner openings;
after attaching the toner seal, refilling the flexible toner container via the fill opening; and
sealing the fill opening.

US Pat. No. 10,429,766

DEVELOPING APPARATUS HAVING A LARGE CAPACITY TONER STORAGE CHAMBER, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A developing apparatus comprising:a frame including:
a first surface including a first curved surface having a tangent plane that is inclined at a first angle relative to a horizontal plane in an installed state where the developing apparatus is installed in an image forming apparatus; and
a second surface including a second curved surface having a tangent plane that is inclined at a second angle less than the first angle relative to a horizontal plane, the second surface being coupled to the first surface so that the second surface is positioned above the first surface in the installed state; and
a developer carrying member including a surface configured so that a plurality of dielectric portions is dispersed on a conductive portion, and which is rotatably supported by the frame at a lower side of the fame in the installed state,
wherein a developer stored in a storage chamber formed by the frame has a first angle of repose of the developer in a case where the developer stored in the storage chamber has been used in an image forming operation for a predetermined number of times, and a second angle of repose of the developer in a case the developer stored in the storage chamber has never been used in the image forming operation, and
wherein the second angle is equal to or greater than a degree of the second angle of repose of the developer, relative to a horizontal plane.

US Pat. No. 10,429,765

TONER CONTAINER FOR AN IMAGE FORMING DEVICE HAVING MAGNETS OF VARYING ANGULAR OFFSET FOR TONER LEVEL SENSING

LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL, IN...

9. A toner container, comprising:a housing having a reservoir for storing toner;
a rotatable shaft positioned within the reservoir and having an axis of rotation;
a first magnet rotatable with the rotatable shaft around the axis of rotation;
an arm connected to the shaft and rotatable around the axis of rotation independent of the rotatable shaft within a predetermined angular range of motion relative to the rotatable shaft, the arm leading the first magnet in an operative rotational direction of the rotatable shaft; and
a second magnet connected to the shaft and rotatable around the axis of rotation independent of the rotatable shaft within a predetermined angular range of motion relative to the rotatable shaft, the second magnet trailing the first magnet in the operative rotational direction of the rotatable shaft;
wherein the arm and the second magnet are operatively connected such that an amount of angular offset between the first magnet and the second magnet increases as an amount of angular offset between the first magnet and the arm increases and the amount of angular offset between the first magnet and the second magnet decreases as the amount of angular offset between the first magnet and the arm decreases.

US Pat. No. 10,429,764

NETWORK SYSTEM COMPRISING CUSTOMER REPLACEABLE UNIT

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A server, comprising:an accumulation portion configured to accumulate an operation performance for calculating an amount of remaining toner held in a toner supply container of a developing device attached to an image forming apparatus;
a calculation portion configured to calculate the amount of remaining toner held in the toner supply container based on the operation performance accumulated by the accumulation portion;
a determination portion configured to determinate whether the amount of remaining toner reaches a threshold; and
a sending portion configured to send toner end information to the image forming apparatus when it is determined that the amount of remaining toner reaches the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,429,763

DEVELOPING CARTRIDGE HAVING ELECTRODE

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A developing cartridge comprising:a housing configured to accommodate developer therein;
a developing roller rotatable about a first axis extending in a first direction, the developing roller including a developing roller shaft;
a supply roller rotatable about a second axis extending in the first direction, the supply roller including a supply roller shaft;
a developing electrode electrically connected to the developing roller shaft, the developing electrode including a developing contact part extending in the first direction; and
a supply electrode electrically connected to the supply roller shaft, the supply electrode including:
a supply contact part extending in the first direction;
an insertion part through which the supply roller shaft is inserted; and
a coupling part coupling the supply contact part and the insertion part,
wherein the coupling part is positioned between the housing and the developing contact part in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,429,762

METHOD AND DEVICE OF IMAGE FORMING TO REDUCE WASTE DEVELOPER

ZHUHAI SEINE TECHNOLOGY C...

1. An image forming method, comprising:when an image forming device is in a non-image-forming stage, applying voltages to a surface of a photosensitive element and a surface of a developer element of the image forming device to form an electric field, wherein applying the voltages comprises:
forming a first potential difference between the photosensitive element and the developer element in a first stage, and
forming a second potential difference between the photosensitive element and the developer element in a second stage,
wherein:
when a developer used by the developer element is a negatively charged developer, a direction of the first potential difference and a direction of the second potential difference are in a direction from the developer element to the photosensitive element,
when the developer used by the developer element is a positively charged developer, the direction of the first potential difference and the direction of the second potential difference are in a direction from the photosensitive element to the developer element,
an absolute value of the first potential difference is less than an absolute value of the second potential difference, and
when the image forming device is in an image forming stage, a potential difference formed between the photosensitive element and the developer element is equal to the second potential difference.

US Pat. No. 10,429,761

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS USING ULTRAVIOLET AND INFRARED RADIATION

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming portion for forming an image on a sheet by using a developer including toner;
a feeding belt for feeding the sheet on which the image is formed by said image forming portion;
an infrared irradiating portion for irradiating, with infrared radiation, the image on the sheet fed by said feeding belt;
an ultraviolet irradiating portion for irradiating, with ultraviolet radiation, the image on the sheet having been irradiated with the infrared radiation by said infrared irradiating portion to fix the developer on the sheet by ultraviolet radiation; and
a controller for controlling operations of said feeding belt and said infrared irradiating portion,
wherein said controller causes said infrared irradiating portion to irradiate said feeding belt with the infrared radiation while causing said feeding belt to rotate in a stand-by state in which said controller waits for an execution instruction of an image forming operation in a state in which the image forming operation is capable of being started.

US Pat. No. 10,429,760

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:a photosensitive drum;
an exposure head comprising:
a plurality of light emitters aligned along a direction of a rotation axis of the photosensitive drum;
a lens array focusing light from the light emitters on the photosensitive drum; and
a head frame supporting the light emitters and the lens array,
the exposure head being movable between an exposable position, in which the photosensitive drum is exposed to the light, and a retracted position, in which the exposure head is further apart from the photosensitive drum than the exposure head being in the exposable position;
a base frame supporting the photosensitive drum, the base frame comprising a reference face, the reference face being configured to define a position of the exposure head with regard to a sub-scanning direction, the sub-scanning direction being orthogonal to a direction of an optical axis of the light and to the direction of the rotation axis, by being contacted by the head frame of the exposure head when the exposure head is at the exposable position;
a presser being configured to move in the sub-scanning direction, the presser contacting the base frame; and
a spring arranged in the head frame, the spring pressing the presser toward the base frame and the head frame toward the reference face,
wherein the head frame includes a guide portion, the guide portion comprising a guide wall extending in the sub-scanning direction, the guide wall being configured to contact the presser and guide the presser moving in the sub-scanning direction.

US Pat. No. 10,429,758

CHARGING MEMBER, CHARGING DEVICE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A charging member, comprising:a shaft body having conductivity;
a conductive elastic layer, disposed on a first outer circumferential surface of the shaft body; and
a plurality of convexities on a second outer circumferential surface of the conductive elastic layer of the charging member,
wherein heights of all of the convexities in each of five or more different areas of 0.7 square millimeters on the second outer circumferential surface of the charging member are measured, the five or more different areas of 0.7 square millimeters are respectively located at five or more different locations in an axial direction of the charging member,
wherein, in each location, the charging member occupies 0.01 area % relative to 100 area % of the area of 0.7 square millimeters at a first position from a highest portion of the convexities, a height of the first position is defined as a reference height,
wherein a second position is 1.7 ?m lower than the reference height, and an average of proportion of areas occupied by the charging member at the second position in five or more different locations is 2 area % or less relative to 100 area % of the area of 0.7 square millimeters.

US Pat. No. 10,429,757

TONER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A toner comprising a toner particle containing a binder resin and a release agent, whereinthe toner particle has a surface layer that contains an organosilicon polymer; and
for a luminance histogram, obtained by acquiring a backscattered electron image of a 1.5 ?m-by-1.5 ?m square of the surface of the toner particle in scanning electron microscopic observation of the toner particle surface, and classifying a luminance of each pixel constituting this backscattered electron image into 256 levels from a luminance of 0 to a luminance of 255, and moreover placing the luminance on an abscissa and the number of pixels on an ordinate in this luminance histogram,
(i) two peak values P1 and P2 and a minimum value V between P1 and P2 are present, and the peak containing P2 is a peak originating from the organosilicon polymer,
(ii) the luminance giving P1 is from 20 to 70,
(iii) the luminance giving P2 is from 130 to 230,
(iv) a percentage for P1 and a percentage for P2 with respect to the total number of pixels in the backscattered electron image are each at least 0.50%, and
(v) formulas (1) and (2) below are satisfied
(A1/AV)?1.50  (1)
(A2/AV)?1.50  (2)where Bl is the luminance giving V, A1 is the total number of pixels in a luminance range from 0 to (Bl?30), AV is the total number of pixels in a luminance range from (Bl?29) to (B1+29), and A2 is the total number of pixels in a luminance range from (Bl+30) to 255.

US Pat. No. 10,429,756

TONER, DEVELOPER, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING TONER

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A toner comprising:a glittering pigment disposed inside the toner; and
a coloring pigment comprising a yellow pigment comprising an isoindoline pigment,
wherein a content of the coloring pigment is from 10 to 35 parts by weight based on 100 parts by weight of the glittering pigment.

US Pat. No. 10,429,753

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOCONDUCTOR, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An electrophotographic photoconductor comprising:a support;
an undercoat layer;
a charge generation layer; and
a hole transport layer in this order,
wherein the undercoat layer comprises a polymerized product of a composition that comprises an electron transport substance haying a polymerizable group and a crosslinking agent,
and
the charge generation layer comprises a gallium phthalocyanine crystal and an amide compound represented by formula (N1):

 where R1 represents a methyl group, andwherein PN/PA is 0.005 or more and 0.080 or less, where PA represents an amount of the electron transport substance in terms of percent by mass based on a total mass of the undercoat layer and PN represents an amount of the amide compound represented by formula (N1) in terms of percent by mass based on a total mass of the charge generation layer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,752

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOCONDUCTOR, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS USING THE SAME

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A positively charged electrophotographic photoconductor, comprisingan electroconductive support; and
a single layer-type photosensitive layer provided on the electroconductive support and including a charge generation material, a hole transport material, an electron transport material, and a mixed binder resin that comprises at least two resins including a polycarbonate-based resin,
wherein the at least two resins are selected to provide the mixed binder resin with a water vapor permeability ranging from 5 to 13 g/m2·day.

US Pat. No. 10,429,751

ALIGNMENT MARK SEARCHING METHOD, DISPLAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An alignment mark searching method, for searching an alignment mark on a base substrate, a first positioning line segment being formed in a dummy region of the base substrate, and a straight line where the first positioning line segment is positioned running through the alignment mark, the method comprising:acquiring theoretical coordinates of the alignment mark;
moving a detection system view field to a target position with the theoretical coordinates as a target;
moving the detection system view field from the target position in a direction perpendicular to the first positioning line segment until the first positioning line segment appears in the detection system view field; and
moving the detection system view field from the position of the first positioning line segment in a length direction of the first positioning line segment until the alignment mark appears in the detection system view field.

US Pat. No. 10,429,749

METHOD OF REDUCING EFFECTS OF RETICLE HEATING AND/OR COOLING IN A LITHOGRAPHIC PROCESS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

14. A lithographic apparatus comprising:an illumination system configured to condition a radiation beam;
a support constructed to support a reticle, the reticle being capable of imparting the radiation beam with a pattern in its cross-section to form a patterned radiation beam;
a projection system configured to project the patterned radiation beam onto a target portion of a substrate; and
a control system arranged to reduce effects of heating and/or cooling of a reticle in a lithographic process, the control system configured to at least:
calibrate a linear time invariant reticle heating model;
predict distortions of the reticle using the reticle heating model and inputs in the lithographic process; and
calculate and apply a correction in the lithographic process on the basis of the predicted distortions of the reticle,
wherein the distortion is expressed in one or more overlay parameters and/or one or more mode shapes.

US Pat. No. 10,429,747

HYBRID LASER AND IMPLANT TREATMENT FOR OVERLAY ERROR CORRECTION

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A method for correcting errors on a surface of a substrate, comprising:performing a measurement process on a substrate to obtain an error map before lithography;
determining an order of treatment for the substrate based on the error map before lithography,
wherein the order of treating the substrate includes one or more treatment processes, and
the one or more treatment processes comprises one of:
a combination of the laser treatment process and the implant process,
a combination of a high resolution laser treatment process and a low resolution laser treatment process, and
a combination of a high resolution implant process and a low resolution implant process;
generating a process recipe for a treatment process of the one or more treatment processes in the order of treatment before lithography; and
providing the process recipe to a substrate treatment apparatus before lithography.

US Pat. No. 10,429,746

ESTIMATION OF DATA IN METROLOGY

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An apparatus configured to produce simulated values indicative of radiation diffracted and/or reflected and/or scattered by one or more features fabricated in or on a substrate, wherein each set of data of a plurality of sets of data comprises a plurality of values indicative of radiation diffracted and/or reflected and/or scattered by one or more features fabricated in or on a substrate, wherein the plurality of sets of data comprises at least one known value indicative of radiation diffracted and/or reflected and/or scattered by one or more features fabricated in or on a substrate, and wherein at least one of the plurality of sets of data comprises an unknown value indicative of radiation diffracted and/or reflected and/or scattered by one or more features fabricated in or on a substrate, the apparatus comprising:a processor configured to produce a simulated estimate of the unknown value of the at least one set of data based on:
the known values of the plurality of sets of data;
a first condition between two or more values within a set of data of the plurality of sets of data; and
a second condition between two or more values being part of different sets of data of the plurality of sets of data.

US Pat. No. 10,429,745

PHOTO-SENSITIZED CHEMICALLY AMPLIFIED RESIST (PS-CAR) SIMULATION

Osaka University, Osaka ...

1. A method for simulating a lithography process, the method comprising:receiving, at an input interface, a plurality of process parameters for a radiation-sensitive material for use in the lithography process, wherein the radiation-sensitive material is a Photo-Sensitized Chemically-Amplified Resist (PS-CAR) material comprising:
a first light wavelength activation threshold that controls the generation of acid to a first acid concentration in the PS-CAR material and controls generation of photosensitizer (PS) molecules in the PS-CAR material; and
a second light wavelength activation threshold that can excite the PS molecules in the PS-CAR material that results in the acid comprising a second acid concentration that is greater than the first acid concentration, the second light wavelength being different from the first light wavelength, and
wherein the plurality of process parameters include a physical parameter specific to the PS-CAR material chemistry,
a first radiation exposure parameter associated with a first radiation exposure step according to the first light wavelength activation threshold, and a second radiation exposure parameter associated with a second radiation exposure step according to the second light wavelength activation threshold;
calculating, using a data processor, a profile of the radiation-sensitive material according to a lithography process model, and in response to the physical parameter and the first and second radiation exposure parameters; and
generating an output, at an output interface, comprising the profile of the radiation-sensitive material.

US Pat. No. 10,429,744

IMAGE IMPROVEMENT FOR ALIGNMENT THROUGH INCOHERENT ILLUMINATION BLENDING

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A method comprising:opening a camera shutter in a maskless lithography system;
directing light from a first semi-isolated mirror configuration in a mirror array towards a first substrate layer;
capturing and accumulating a first image of the first substrate layer on a camera;
directing light from a second semi-isolated mirror configuration in the mirror array towards a first substrate layer;
capturing and accumulating a second image of the first substrate layer on the camera;
closing the camera shutter;
storing the accumulated first and second images in memory;
forming a third image from the first and second images; and
detecting an actual alignment mark in the third image.

US Pat. No. 10,429,743

OPTICAL MASK VALIDATION

International Business Ma...

1. A method for ensuring semiconductor design integrity, the method comprising:analyzing one or more photomask designs for one or more semiconductor chips, the photomask design having one or more circuit designs for one or more semiconductor chips and a kerf between the one or more circuit designs for the one or more semiconductor chips, the one or more circuit designs for the one or more semiconductor chips having an electrical design necessary for the operation of the one or more semiconductor chips, and white space within the electrical design, wherein the white space has no electrical design; and
inserting an optical design into the white space of the one or more circuit designs for the one or more semiconductor chips, wherein the optical design has one or more known optical patterns for validating the one or more semiconductor chips and wherein the optical design is physically isolated from the electrical design.

US Pat. No. 10,429,742

STITCHLESS DIRECT IMAGING FOR HIGH RESOLUTION ELECTRONIC PATTERNING

Orbotech Ltd., Yavne (IL...

1. A method of manufacture of electrical circuits comprising:receiving a CAD file containing electrical circuit design data for direct writing on a substrate, said CAD file including CAD data for a multiplicity of dies to be produced on said substrate;
generating an image of said substrate, said image including images of fiducials on said substrate;
generating modified CAD data by calculating modifications to said CAD data based on said image of said substrate;
automatically configuring a direct write machine to direct write direct writing data based on said modified CAD data on said substrate in plural scans, each of said plural scans having a scan width less than a width of said substrate, including arranging said direct writing data for said multiplicity of dies to be written in a side by side manner in each of said plural scans so as to be within said scan width, whereby a single layer of each of said multiplicity of dies is written in a single scan of said plural scans, whereby stitching of direct writing data between adjacent scans is obviated; and
operating said direct write machine to create said multiplicity of dies on said substrate,
said automatically configuring also comprising:
defining a seam between adjacent ones of said plural scans, said seam being an overlapping seam; and
ensuring that each of said seams is not located within any of said multiplicity of dies, said ensuring comprising:
arranging said direct writing data for said multiplicity of dies such that plural dies of said multiplicity of dies are to be written in a side by side manner in each of said plural scans, adjacent ones of said plural dies being written by adjacent ones of said plural scans being separated from each other by a street; and
arranging said direct writing data such that said seam lies along said street and does not overlie any one of said multiplicity of dies.

US Pat. No. 10,429,741

LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS AND A METHOD OF OPERATING THE APPARATUS

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An immersion lithographic apparatus comprising:a projection system configured to project a patterned radiation beam through an optically active part of a final optical element of the projection system towards a substrate supported by a substrate table;
a liquid confinement structure configured to supply and at least partly confine immersion liquid to an immersion space between the final optical element of the projection system and a surface of the substrate and/or the substrate table;
a passageway-forming member between the projection system and the liquid confinement structure, and a passageway between the passageway-forming member and the optically active part of the final optical element, the passageway having an end nearest to a bottom surface of the final optical element and an opening into the passageway away from the end to allow liquid into the passageway; and
a liquid supply device configured to provide a liquid flow into the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,429,740

METHOD OF RECOVERING RESIST PATTERN

TOKYO OHKA KOGYO CO., LTD...

1. A method of recovering a resist pattern, comprising:applying a shrinking agent composition so as to cover a resist pattern having a defect portion;
forming a developing solution-insoluble region on the surface of the resist pattern; and
developing the covered resist pattern,
wherein the shrinking agent composition includes a polymeric compound (X) which is a homopolymer or a random copolymer,
wherein the polymeric compound (X) includes an acid non-dissociable structural unit (x1) represented by any one of general formulae (x1-1-1) to (x1-1-3) shown below or a structural unit (x2) represented by general formula (x2-1) shown below:

wherein R represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms or a halogenated alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms; Yx01 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group; and Rx1 represents a group represented by general formula (Rx-1) or (Rx-2) shown below:

wherein Rx01 to Rx04 represent a hydrogen atom, or a linear or branched alkyl group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms and having no substituent; n represents an integer of 0 to 8; and * represents a valence bond with Yx01;

wherein R represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms or a halogenated alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms; Ys01 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group; and Rs01 represents a group represented by any one of general formulae (bc-r-1) to (bc-r-8) shown below:

wherein Rs001 represents an alkyl group of 1 to 5 carbon atoms; n represents an integer of 0 to 3; and * represents a valence bond.

US Pat. No. 10,429,739

COMPOUND FOR FORMING ORGANIC FILM, COMPOSITION FOR FORMING ORGANIC FILM, METHOD FOR FORMING ORGANIC FILM, AND PATTERNING PROCESS

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A compound for forming an organic film which has a minimum complex viscosity of 10 Pa·s or less when the complex viscosity is measured within a range of 50° C. to 300° C.,wherein the compound is shown by the formula (1A),
R?R1)(m1+m2)  (1A)wherein R represents a single bond, an organic group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, an ether bond, a —SO— group, or a —SO2— group; R1 represents a group shown by the formula (1B); and m1 and m2 represent an integer satisfying 1?m1?5, 1?m2?5, and 2?m1+m2?8,—R1=—X1—X  (1B)wherein X1 represents a group shown by the formula (1C); and X represents a group shown by the formula (1D),wherein (X) represents a bonding site to X,wherein X2 represents a divalent organic group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms; n1 represents 0 or 1; n2 represents 1 or 2; X3 represents a group shown by the formula (1E); and n5 represents 0, 1, or 2,wherein R10 represents a hydrogen atom or a saturated or unsaturated hydrocarbon group having 1 to 10 carbon atoms, in which a hydrogen atom of the benzene ring in the formula (1E) may be substituted with a methyl group or methoxy group.

US Pat. No. 10,429,737

ANTIREFLECTIVE COMPOSITIONS WITH THERMAL ACID GENERATORS

Rohm and Haas Electronic ...

1. A method for forming a photoresist relief image, comprising:a) applying on a substrate a layer of a coating composition comprising: 1) a resin; and 2) a solvent component; and 3) a thermal acid generator comprising a structure of Formula (I):
X??YH  (I)
wherein Y has a structure of Formula (II):

 each R1 is independently C1-C6 haloalkyl, —CN, —NO2, —COR2, —COOR2, —CONR2 or —SO2R2;
R2 is independently hydrogen, C1-C6 alkyl, C3-C6 cycloalkyl or phenyl, which may be optionally substituted;
n is an integer from 1 to 5; and
X is an anion component; and
b) applying a layer of a photoresist composition above the coating composition layer; and
c) exposing the photoresist layer to patterned activating radiation and developing the exposed photoresist layer to form a photoresist life image.

US Pat. No. 10,429,735

COATING AGENT FOR REDUCING ROUGHNESS OF RESIST PATTERN, AND METHOD FOR FORMING RESIST PATTERN IN WHICH ROUGHNESS IS REDUCED

TOKYO OHKA KOGYO CO., LTD...

1. A method for forming a resist pattern in which roughness is reduced, the method comprising:coating a resist pattern on a substrate with a coat film comprising a coating agent; and removing the coat film from the surface of the resist pattern,
wherein a side of a resist section of the resist pattern is dissolved along with the coat film, wherein the coating agent comprises a resin (A), an amine compound (B), and a solvent (S), and wherein the amine compound (B) is a compound represented by the following formula (1):
wherein R1 represents an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 8 to 20 carbon atoms and having 1 or more unsaturated double bond, R2 represents a group represented by -(A-O)q—R4, R3 represents a group represented by -(A-O)r—R4, A represents an ethylene group or a propylene group, R4 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group, q and r each independently represents a positive number, and q+r represents 4 or more.

US Pat. No. 10,429,734

PERMANENT DIELECTRIC COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING PHOTOACID GENERATOR AND BASE

PROMERUS, LLC, Brecksvil...

1. A composition comprising:a polymer comprising one or more distinct first repeating unit represented by formula (IA), each of said first repeating unit is derived from a monomer of formula (I):

wherein:
represents a position at which the bonding takes place with another repeat unit;
m is an integer 0, 1 or 2;
R1, R2, R3 and R4 independently represents hydrogen, linear or branched (C1-C16)alkyl, hydroxy(C1-C12)alkyl, perfluoro(C1-C12)alkyl, (C3-C12)cycloalkyl, (C6-C12)bicycloalkyl, (C7-C14)tricycloalkyl, (C6-C10)aryl, (C6-C10)aryl(C1-C3)alkyl, perfluoro(C6-C10)aryl, perfluoro(C6-C10)aryl(C1-C3)alkyl, (C5-C10)heteroaryl, (C5-C10)heteroaryl(C1-C3)alkyl, hydroxy, (C1-C12)alkoxy, (C3-C12)cycloalkoxy, (C6-C12)bicycloalkoxy, (C7-C14)tricycloalkoxy, —(CH2)a—(O—(CH2)b)c—O—(C1-C4)alkyl, where a, b and c are integers from 1 to 4, (C6-C10)aryloxy(C1-C3)alkyl, (C5-C10)heteroaryloxy(C1-C3)alkyl, (C6-C10)aryloxy, (C5-C10)heteroaryloxy, (C1-C6)acyloxy and halogen; and
a second repeating unit represented by formula (IIA), said second repeating unit is derived from a monomer of formula (II):

wherein:
R5 and R6 independently of each other selected from hydrogen and methyl;
R7 is selected from the group consisting of methyl, ethyl, n-propyl and n-butyl;
R8 is hydrogen;
a photoacid generator, which forms an acid when exposed to an actinic radiation;
a photobase generator, which forms a base when exposed to an actinic radiation; and
a carrier solvent; and wherein the base formed is present in a sufficient amount to neutralize the acid formed when the composition is exposed to an actinic radiation.

US Pat. No. 10,429,732

IMPRINT METHOD AND IMPRINT MOLD MANUFACTURING METHOD

DAI NIPPON PRINTING CO., ...

1. An imprint method, comprising:a resin supply step of supplying a molded resin on a hard mask material layer of a transfer substrate having the hard mask material layer on one main surface thereof;
a contact step of bringing a mold having an uneven structure and the transfer substrate close to each other and spreading the molded resin between the mold and the transfer substrate to form a molded resin layer;
a curing step of curing the molded resin layer to obtain a transfer resin layer; and
a mold release step of separating the transfer resin layer and the mold from each other and positioning a pattern structure, which is the transfer resin layer, on the transfer substrate, wherein
in the resin supply step, a balance layer is formed by supplying a molded resin also to an area outside of a pattern formation area of the transfer substrate in which the pattern structure is to be formed.

US Pat. No. 10,429,731

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR GENERATING A REFERENCE IMAGE IN THE CHARACTERIZATION OF A MASK FOR MICROLITHOGRAPHY

Carl Zeiss SMT GmbH, Obe...

1. A method for generating a reference image in the characterization of a mask for microlithography, wherein the mask comprises a plurality of structures and wherein the reference image is generated by simulation of the imaging of said mask, said imaging being effected by a given optical system, both using a rigorous electromagnetic simulation and using a Kirchhoff simulation, wherein the method comprises the following steps:a) assigning each structure of said plurality of structures either to a first category or to a second category;
b) calculating, using one or more data processors, a plurality of first partial spectra for structures of the first category with implementation of rigorous electromagnetic simulations;
c) calculating, using the one or more data processors, a second partial spectrum for structures of the second category with implementation of a Kirchhoff simulation;
d) generating, using the one or more data processors, a hybrid spectrum on the basis of the first partial spectra and the second partial spectrum; and
e) generating, using the one or more data processors, the reference image with implementation of an optical forward propagation of said hybrid spectrum in the optical system.

US Pat. No. 10,429,730

PELLICLE

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

1. A pellicle comprising:a pellicle frame having an upper and a lower end faces; and
a pellicle film bonded to said upper end face of the pellicle frame in a slack-free manner,
wherein a sealing material layer of a gel-like substance is laid on said lower end continuously along the pellicle frame, and
said pellicle frame has a plurality of projecting portions outwardly projecting from the pellicle frame and an agglutinant layer is laid on lower end face of said projecting portions.

US Pat. No. 10,429,729

EUV RADIATION MODIFICATION METHODS AND SYSTEMS

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method, comprising:providing a laser beam from a laser source;
modifying a shape of the laser beam to form a modified laser beam, wherein the modifying the shape of the laser beam includes altering the laser beam from a Gaussian shape to a ring-like shape;
contacting a tin droplet with the modified laser beam to generate an EUV light; and
reflecting the EUV light using a collector.

US Pat. No. 10,429,727

MICROFACETED PROJECTION SCREEN

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. Apparatus comprising:a projection screen onto which pixels from a projector are to be projected, each pixel from the projector corresponding to a respective pixel area on the projection screen; and
in each of at least plural of the pixel areas, four to sixteen, inclusive elongated parallel micro grooves formed on the projection screen, wherein in at least a first pixel area of the plural pixel areas, at least first and second micro grooves are formed, the first micro groove being adjacent the second micro groove, the first micro groove defining a first angle with respect to a normal to the projection screen, the second micro groove defining a second angle with respect to a normal to the projection screen, the first and second angles not being equal, the micro grooves being arranged in rows, the angles defined by the micro grooves varying both row by row and left to right across a row.

US Pat. No. 10,429,726

IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS AND IMAGE DISPLAY METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An image display apparatus, comprising:a first light source module configured to emit a first laser light;
a second light source module that includes:
a light source unit configured to emit a second laser light; and
a phosphor layer configured to emit visible light based on excitation of the phosphor layer by the second laser light;
an output control unit configured to increase an output of the first laser light and an output of the second laser light based on an average of luminance values of pixels of an input image and a dispersion of the luminance values of the pixels of the input image, wherein
the average of the luminance values of the pixels is larger than a first threshold value, and
the dispersion of the luminance values of the pixels is larger than a determined dispersion value; and
an image generation unit configured to generate an image based on the first laser light and the visible light.

US Pat. No. 10,429,725

PRISMLESS, NON-TELECENTRIC PROJECTOR

Qisda Corporation, Taoyu...

1. A prismless, non-telecentric projector, comprising:a light source module for providing an incident light;
a biaxially-tilted digital micro mirror device (DMD) for receiving and converting the incident light into an imaging light;
a lens set, disposed between the light source module and the biaxially-tilted DMD, for transmitting the incident light to the biaxially-tilted DMD, wherein the lens set is composed of a first lens group and a second lens group and an effective focal length ratio of the second lens group to the first lens group is greater than or equal to 1.4 and smaller than or equal to 1.8, wherein the first lens group is composed of two spherical lenses; and
an imaging lens for receiving and projecting the imaging light.

US Pat. No. 10,429,724

TTL PHOTOGRAPHIC WIRELESS SYSTEM, METHOD, AND DEVICE FOR SYNCHRONIZATION OF REMOTE DEVICES VIA HOT SHOE COMMUNICATIONS

Lab Partners Associates, ...

1. A method of synchronizing a remote lighting device to image acquisition of a camera, the camera having a hot shoe connector, an external device that is not a flash device connected to the hot shoe connector, the external device including a radio frequency transmitter for wireless communication, the method comprising:communicating a first series of data from the external device to the camera via the hot shoe connector of the camera, the first series of data having been stored in a memory of the external device and representing information known to be responsive to a request from the camera for data about a photographic lighting device, the series of data including information that a device other than the external device would communicate to the camera in response to the request if the device other than the external device were connected to the hot shoe connector of the camera;
receiving a synchronization signal from the camera at the external device via the hot shoe connector; and
wirelessly communicating using the radio frequency transmitter a remote synchronization from the external device to the remote lighting device for synchronizing the remote lighting device to an image acquisition by the camera using the remote synchronization signal.

US Pat. No. 10,429,723

SYSTEM FOR MOUNTING CAMERA EQUIPMENT

Camera Goat, LLC, Boulde...

1. A rail securing mechanism comprising:an outer wall portion and an inner wall portion, the outer wall portion and inner wall portion configured to retain a portion of a rail;
a recess between the outer wall portion and the inner wall portion;
a rail securing assembly at least partially disposed between the outer wall portion and the inner wall portion, the rail securing assembly comprising;
a medial bar at least partially disposed within the recess;
a tightening bolt;
one or more outer wedge pieces;
one or more inner wedge pieces disposed between the one or more outer wedge pieces and the medial bar;
wherein each of the medial bar, the one or more outer wedge pieces, and the one or more inner wedge pieces are configured to receive the tightening bolt; and
wherein rotating the tightening bolt causes at least one of the one or more outer wedge pieces or inner wedge pieces to protrude from the recess into a space between the outer wall portion and the inner wall portion.

US Pat. No. 10,429,722

CAMERA LENS ASSEMBLY

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a first camera module; and
a second camera module,
wherein the first camera module includes:
a first image sensor;
a first lens unit formed on the first image sensor and including a first side surface, a second side surface, a third side surface, and a fourth side surface;
a first driving unit comprising a first coil and a first magnet which are disposed on the first side surface, wherein the first coil and the first magnet are configured to drive the first lens unit along a direction of an optical axis of the first lens unit; and
a second driving unit comprising a second coil and a second magnet which are disposed on the second side surface and a third coil and a third magnet which are disposed on the third side surface, wherein the second coil and the second magnet are configured to drive the first lens unit along a first direction which is perpendicular to the optical axis of the first lens unit, and wherein the third coil and the third magnet are configured to drive the first lens unit along a second direction which is perpendicular to the optical axis of the first lens unit and the first direction,
wherein the second camera module includes:
a second image sensor;
a second lens unit formed on the second image sensor and including a fifth side surface, a sixth side surface, a seventh side surface, and an eighth side surface;
a third driving unit comprising a fourth coil and a fourth magnet which are disposed on the fifth side surface, wherein the fourth coil and the fourth magnet are configured to drive the second lens unit along a direction of an optical axis of the second lens unit; and
a fourth driving unit comprising a fifth coil and a fifth magnet which are disposed on the sixth side surface and a sixth coil and a sixth magnet which are disposed on the seventh side surface, wherein the fifth coil and the fifth magnet are configured to drive the second lens unit along a third direction that is perpendicular to the optical axis of the second lens unit, and wherein the sixth coil and the sixth magnet are configured to drive the second lens unit along a fourth direction which is perpendicular to the optical axis of the second lens unit and the third direction, and
wherein a side surface of the first camera module corresponding to the fourth side surface of the first lens unit is adjacent to a side surface of the second camera module corresponding to the eighth side surface of the second lens unit, and the driving units for driving the first lens unit and the second lens unit are disposed away from the fourth side surface and the eighth side surface.

US Pat. No. 10,429,721

WAVELENGTH CONVERSION DEVICE, CONTROL-LIGHT GENERATION DEVICE, WAVELENGTH CONVERSION METHOD, AND CONTROL-LIGHT GENERATION METHOD

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A wavelength conversion device that converts input signal light having a first frequency into output signal light having a second frequency that is in an in-phase or phase conjugate with the input signal light, the wavelength conversion device comprising:a control-light generator that outputs first continuous oscillation light and second continuous oscillation light; and
a nonlinear optical medium that cross-phase modulates the input signal light with the first continuous oscillation light and the second continuous oscillation light and generates the output signal light, wherein
the control-light generator outputs the first continuous oscillation light and the second continuous oscillation light to have polarized waves in directions orthogonal to each other and have a frequency interval equal to a difference between the first frequency and the second frequency and controls, based on intensity of the output signal light, timings of modulation of phases of the first continuous oscillation light and the second continuous oscillation light to be aligned with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,429,719

183 NM CW LASER AND INSPECTION SYSTEM

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. An inspection system comprising:a laser assembly configured to generate continuous wave (CW) laser output light having a wavelength in the range of approximately 181 nm to approximately 185 nm;
first optics configured to direct the laser output light from the laser assembly to an article being inspected;
second optics configured to collect an image information portion of said laser output light affected by the article being inspected, and to direct the image information portion to one or more detectors,
wherein the laser assembly comprises:
a first fundamental CW laser configured to generate a first fundamental CW light having a first fundamental frequency with a corresponding first fundamental wavelength between about 1 ?m and 1.1 ?m;
a fourth harmonic generation module coupled to receive a first portion of the first fundamental CW light, and configured to generate a fourth harmonic light having a fourth harmonic frequency equal to four times the first fundamental frequency;
a fifth harmonic generation module coupled to receive a second portion of the first fundamental CW light and to receive said fourth harmonic light from the fourth harmonic generation module, said fifth harmonic generation module being configured to generate a fifth harmonic light having a fifth harmonic frequency equal to five times the first fundamental frequency by mixing said fourth harmonic light and said second portion of the first fundamental CW light;
a frequency mixing module configured to generate said laser output light by mixing said fifth harmonic light with a second CW light having a second frequency with a corresponding second wavelength between 1.26 ?m and 1.82 ?m,
wherein the fifth harmonic generation module comprises a first cavity and a first nonlinear crystal, said first cavity being formed by a plurality of first mirrors that are configured to circulate the second portion of the first fundamental CW light such that circulated said first fundamental CW light passes through the first nonlinear crystal, said first nonlinear crystal being configured to mix said circulated first fundamental CW light with said fourth harmonic light received directly from said fourth harmonic generator to generate said fifth harmonic light,
wherein the frequency mixing module comprises a second cavity and a second nonlinear crystal, said second cavity being formed by a plurality of second mirrors that are configured to circulate the second CW light such that the circulated second CW light passes through the second nonlinear crystal, and the second nonlinear crystal being configured to receive said fifth harmonic light directly from said fifth harmonic generator such that said fifth harmonic light mixes with said circulated second CW light to generate said laser output light, and
wherein at least one of the first and second nonlinear crystals comprises one of an annealed cesium lithium borate (CLBO) crystal, a hydrogen-treated CLBO crystal and a deuterium-treated CLBO crystal.

US Pat. No. 10,429,718

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR SINGLE PHOTON SOURCES

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A single-photon source comprising:a first resonator to receive pump photons from a photon source and to generate a signal photon from the pump photons;
a switch, optically coupled to the first resonator, to prevent transmission, in response to a first signal, and to allow transmission, in response to a second signal, of subsequent pump photons from the photon source to the first resonator; and
a second resonator, optically coupled to the first resonator, to receive the signal photon out of the first resonator and, in response to the second signal, to couple the signal photon out of the first resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,429,717

BEAM STEERING DEVICE AND SYSTEM EMPLOYING SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A beam steering device comprising:a plurality of channels through which light is transmitted, wherein each of the plurality of channels comprises:
a waveguide, provided on a substrate, through which the light is transmitted; and
a plurality of modulators arranged along the waveguide, each of the plurality of modulators being configured to change, according to an electrical signal, a phase of light transmitted therethrough by changing a refractive index of a portion of the waveguide corresponding thereto; and
a driving circuit configured to provide the electrical signal to each of the plurality of modulators to thereby drive the plurality of modulators,
wherein each of the plurality of modulators comprises:
a carrier modulation region in which a carrier density varies with the electrical signal such that a change in a refractive index of light passing through the carrier modulation region changes a phase of the light;
a first doping region electrically connected to the carrier modulation region and doped to have a predetermined density, the first doping region being of a first conductive type; and
a second doping region that is electrically connected to the carrier modulation region and doped to have the predetermined density, the second doping region being of a second conductive type that is opposite the first conductive type,
wherein the carrier modulation region is an n-type or p-type oxide semiconductor doped to have a density lower than the predetermined density of the first and second doping regions, one of the first and second doping regions is a p-type oxide semiconductor, and the other one of the first and second doping regions is an n-type oxide semiconductor.

US Pat. No. 10,429,716

LASER BEAM STEERING DEVICE AND SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A laser beam steering device for two-dimensionally steering a laser beam, the laser beam steering device comprising:a refractive index converting layer whose charge concentration is configured to change based on an electric signal applied thereto;
an antenna disposed above the refractive index converting layer;
a laser beam reflecting layer disposed below the refractive index converting layer and comprising a plurality of cells arranged in a two-dimensional matrix; and
a driver disposed below the laser beam reflecting layer and comprising a plurality of driving circuits respectively connected to the plurality of cells, the plurality of driving circuits being configured to respectively apply electric signals to the plurality of cells.

US Pat. No. 10,429,715

ELECTRODE STRUCTURES FOR ELECTRO-OPTIC DISPLAYS

E Ink Corporation, Bille...

1. A sub-assembly for use in an electro-optic display, the sub-assembly comprising in order:an electrically non-conductive substrate;
a lamination adhesive layer;
a light-transmissive electrically-conductive ceramic layer; and
a light-transmissive non-ceramic electrically-conductive layer positioned between the light transmissive electrically-conductive ceramic layer and the lamination adhesive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,714

DRIVER FOR ELECTROCHROMIC ELEMENT, METHOD FOR DRIVING ELECTROCHROMIC ELEMENT, OPTICAL FILTER, IMAGING DEVICE, LENS UNIT, AND WINDOW COMPONENT

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An electrochromic element comprising:a pair of electrodes;
an electrochromic layer disposed between the pair of electrodes;
the electrochromic layer comprising two kinds of organic compounds; and
a driver connected to at least one of the pair of electrodes,
wherein the driver increases transmittance of the electrochromic element with applying a voltage before decreasing the transmittance of the electrochromic element,
wherein the driver is configured to saturate a change in the transmittance of the electrochromic element by applying a voltage V1, and
the V1 is a voltage which is equal to or higher than an oxidation voltage of one of the organic compounds, and which is lower than a back reduction voltage of the other organic compounds.

US Pat. No. 10,429,713

SELECTIVELY-TRANSPARENT ELECTROCHROMIC DISPLAY

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. An electro-optic (EO) display, comprising:one or more adjustable-intensity electrochromic color filters that each include a first electrochromic medium situated between opposed first and second transparent substrates;
a transparent backlight;
a transflective layer, comprising an optical film and in optical communication with the transparent backlight, the transflective layer disposed on a first surface of the second transparent substrate and positioned within the one or more adjustable-intensity electrochromic color filters such that the transflective layer is located between the electrochromic mediums of the one or more adjustable-intensity electrochromic color filters and the transparent backlight, wherein the transflective layer reflects light off of one surface of the transflective layer and allows light through another surface of the transflective layer; and
an electrochromic shutter separated from the one or more adjustable-intensity electrochromic color filters by the transparent backlight;
wherein the electrochromic shutter is configured to provide a variable range of light transmission;
wherein the electrochromic shutter has a second electrochromic medium disposed between a third transparent substrate and a fourth transparent substrate;
wherein the EO display is configured to selectively operate in a first mode in which light is produced by the transparent backlight and passes through the transflective layer, thereby illuminating the electrochromic color filters;
wherein the EO display is configured to selectively operate in a second mode in which the transflective layer reflects ambient light to illuminate the electrochromic color filters; and
wherein the EO display is configured to selectively operate in a third mode in which one or more of the adjustable-intensity electrochromic color filters and the electrochromic shutter are in a transparent state and the EO display is configured to allow light to pass through the EO display.

US Pat. No. 10,429,712

ANGLED BUS BAR

View, Inc., Milpitas, CA...

1. An apparatus comprising:a substrate;
an optically switchable device coating disposed on a surface of the substrate and having a perimeter comprising a first corner and a region of the perimeter separate from the first corner, the first corner including a first vertex joining a first side and a second side;
a first bus bar affixed to one of two monolithic conductive layers of the optically switchable device coating proximate to the first corner, configured to operate at a first polarity, and configured to deliver current and/or voltage for driving switching of the optically switchable device coating, the first bus bar including a first arm and a second arm having a configuration that substantially follows the shape of the first side, the first vertex, and the second side of the first corner, wherein the first arm of the first bus bar has a length of 10% to 65% of a length of the first side of the perimeter of the optically switchable device coating and the second arm of the first bus bar has a length of 10% to 65% of a length of the second side of the perimeter of the optically switchable device coating; and
a second bus bar affixed to the other of the two conductive layers of the optically switchable device coating, the second bus bar configured to operate at a second polarity opposite the first polarity, and configured to deliver current and/or voltage for driving switching of the optically switchable device coating, and the second bus bar substantially following the region of the perimeter separate from the first corner such that the first and second bus bars of opposite polarity do not overlap, wherein the region of the perimeter separate from the first corner comprises a second corner including a second vertex joining a third side and a fourth side, wherein the second bus bar is affixed to the optically switchable device coating proximate to the second corner, wherein the second bus bar includes a third arm and a fourth arm having a configuration that substantially follows the shape of the third side, the second vertex, and the fourth side of the second corner of the perimeter of the optically switchable device coating, and wherein the third arm of the second bus bar has a length of 10% to 65% of a length of the third side of the perimeter of the optically switchable device coating and the fourth arm of the second bus bar has a length of 10% to 65% of a length of the fourth side of the perimeter of the optically switchable device coating; and
wherein the optically switchable device coating is configured to be controlled by current and/or voltage delivered by the first and second bus bars, and
wherein the first and second bus bars are configured to cause switching throughout the optically switchable device coating to a substantially uniform optical state in response to current and/or voltage being applied to the first and second bus bars.

US Pat. No. 10,429,711

ELECTRO-OPTIC INFRARED FILTER

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. An imaging system, comprising:an imager;
an optical lens stack; and
an electro-optic element positioned between the imager and the lens stack, the electro-optic element comprising:
a first substantially transparent substrate defining first and second surfaces, wherein the second surface comprises a first electrically conductive layer;
a second substantially transparent substrate defining third and fourth surfaces, wherein the third surface comprises a second electrically conductive layer;
a primary seal disposed between the first and second substrates, wherein the seal and the first and second substrates define a cavity therebetween; and
an electro-optic medium disposed within the cavity, the electro-optic medium operable between substantially clear and substantially opaque states for at least one wavelength band.

US Pat. No. 10,429,710

ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICE

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An electrochromic device comprising:a first substrate;
a first electrode on the first substrate;
a second substrate;
a second electrode on the second substrate facing the first electrode;
an electrochromic layer in contact with the first electrode;
an anti-deterioration layer in contact with the second electrode facing the first electrode; and
an electrolyte layer in contact with both the electrochromic layer and the anti-deterioration layer,
wherein at least one of the first electrode and the second electrode includes an oxide material including an indium oxide represented by In2O3, and has an infrared light transmittance of 70% or more at a wavelength of 1.500 nm, and
wherein the electrochromic layer comprises as copolymerized units;
a triarylamine-containing radical polymerizable compound of formula (1) and a radical polymerizable compound other than the triarylamine-containing radical polymerizable compound:
An-Bm  Formula (1)
where, when n is 2, m is 0, and when n is 1, m is 0 or 1; at least one of A and B has a radical polymerizable functional group; A is represented by the following formula (2), and at least one of R1 to R15 is bound to B; and B is represented by the following formula (3), and one of R16 to R21 is bound to A;

where each of R1 to R21 independently represents a monovalent organic group, and at least one of the monovalent organic groups is a radical polymerizable functional group.

US Pat. No. 10,429,709

LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A liquid crystal panel comprising an array substrate, a counter substrate arranged to face said array substrate, and a liquid crystal layer interposed between said array substrate and said counter substrate, said array substrate including multiple switching elements arranged in a matrix, a pixel electrode connected to said switching elements, and a counter electrode capable of forming a fringe electric field between said counter electrode and said pixel electrode, said switching elements, said pixel electrode, and said counter electrode being provided on an insulating substrate, whereinone of said pixel electrode and said counter electrode is formed as a slit electrode having a slit portion and the other of said pixel electrode and said counter electrode is stacked over said slit electrode at said insulating substrate side with respect to said slit electrode with an insulating film interposed therebetween,
said array substrate includes a biaxial phase difference film and an array substrate polarizing plate arranged in this order on a surface of said insulating substrate opposite a side thereof facing said liquid crystal layer,
said counter substrate includes a counter substrate polarizing plate arranged on a side of said counter substrate opposite a side thereof facing said liquid crystal layer,
said slit portion of said slit electrode extends in a direction forming an angle exceeding 0° and not exceeding 15° relative to a horizontal direction of said liquid crystal panel in use,
a pretilt angle of a liquid crystal molecule forming said liquid crystal layer on the side of said array substrate is formed such that said liquid crystal molecule goes away from said array substrate in a direction to the right when viewed from a position facing a display surface of said liquid crystal panel, said direction to the right defining said horizontal direction, and said pretilt angle on the side of said counter substrate is formed such that said liquid crystal molecule goes away from said counter substrate in a direction to the left when viewed from a position facing said display surface of said liquid crystal panel, said direction to the left defining said horizontal direction, and
one of a direction of a delay phase axis of said biaxial phase difference film and a direction of an absorption axis of said array substrate polarizing plate is arranged in a position rotated clockwise in an angular range from over 0° to 1° from said horizontal direction or one of a direction of an absorption axis of said counter substrate polarizing plate and an alignment direction of said liquid crystal molecule is arranged in a position rotated anticlockwise in an angular range from over 0° to 1° from said horizontal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,429,708

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising:a first base substrate;
gate lines and data lines arranged on the first base substrate, wherein the gate lines and the data lines crosswise define pixel regions, the gate lines arranged between adjacent ones of the pixel region are in pair, and the pixel regions comprise light transmission areas wherein one pixel region comprises one light transmission area; and
a first raised structure arranged between a main spacer initial contact area and one of the light transmission areas, wherein the first raised structure is configured to provide a block function to a movement of a main spacer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,707

PIXEL STRUCTURE AND DISPLAY PANEL

HKC Corporation Limited, ...

2. A pixel structure, comprising:a first conductive layer coupled to a drain electrode of an active switch;
a second conductive layer coupled to a first voltage line; and
a third conductive layer coupled to a second voltage line;
wherein the first conductive layer, the second conductive layer and the third conductive layer are disposed to be overlapped and at a distance separated from each other; and the first conductive layer, the second conductive layer and the third conductive layer are overlapped with each other in a vertical space;
wherein the first voltage line comprises a previous scan line.

US Pat. No. 10,429,705

LIQUID CRYSTAL PANEL AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal panel comprising:first and second substrates arranged to be opposite each other at a predetermined gap;
a liquid crystal layer filled between the first and second substrates;
a counter electrode pattern formed on the first substrate;
a pixel electrode pattern formed on the first substrate;
scanning lines to which control pulses for providing write timing of a signal potential are applied, the scanning lines extending in a first direction; and
signal lines to which the signal potential is applied,
wherein the pixel electrode pattern includes
a contact portion connected to a first main electrode of a transistor, whose gate electrode is connected to one of the scanning lines, and whose second main electrode is connected to one of the signal lines,
a plurality of elongated electrode branches having lengths greater than widths and formed in a pixel region surrounded by the scanning lines and signal lines,
a plurality of elongated slits having lengths greater than widths and formed between the electrode branches in a lengthwise extending direction of the electrode branches,
a partial connection branch of the pixel electrode pattern that is positioned nearer to the contact portion than to a center of the pixel region and that subdivides a plurality of the slits in the lengthwise extending direction of the electrode branches into a plurality of slit portions aligned in said lengthwise extending direction of the electrode branches,
a first connection portion connecting ends of each of the electrode branches at ends adjacent to the contact portion, and
a second connection portion connecting other ends of each of the electrode branches,
wherein the electrode branches include:
first electrode branches that connect the first connection portion and the second connection portion; and
second electrode branches that connect the partial connection branch and the second connection portion,
wherein the contact portion is arranged between the first electrode branches in a widthwise extending direction of the electrode branches, the slit portions of each of the slits include a first slit portion and a second slit portion that is shorter than the first slit portion, and the second slit is disposed between the contact portion and the partial connection branch, and
wherein the partial connection branch is disposed between each of the first slit portion and the second slit portion of each of the slits, and
wherein the pixel electrode pattern in the pixel region overlaps the scanning lines surrounding the pixel region.

US Pat. No. 10,429,703

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate facing each other;
a liquid crystal layer interposed between the first substrate and the second substrate; and
a pixel electrode disposed on the first substrate,
wherein the pixel electrode defines:
a first stem extending in a first direction,
a second stem extending in a second direction which crosses the first direction, the second stem intersecting the first stem to form a cross shape,
first edge bars extending in the first direction and connected to the second stem,
second edge bars extending in the second direction and connected to the first stem, and
a branch provided in plural which extends from the first stem or the second stem inclined with respect to the first direction or the second direction and terminates spaced apart from the first and second edge bars,
wherein in a top plan view distal ends of each of the first edge bars are spaced apart from distal ends of each of the second edge bars.

US Pat. No. 10,429,702

PIXEL STRUCTURE, ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A pixel structure, comprising a plurality of transparent electrodes, arranged in columns and each corresponding to a subpixel, said pixel structure further comprising a plurality of gate lines and a plurality of data lines, wherein:each transparent electrode comprises at least two sub-electrode portions, each provided with a plurality of slits; and
the plurality of transparent electrodes are arranged such that:
slits in substantially a same column of sub-electrode portions have at least two different extending directions to thereby substantially reduce alternating light and dark stripes from some viewing angles in the same column during display; and that
slits in substantially a same row of sub-electrode portions have at least two different extending directions to thereby substantially reduce alternating light and dark stripes from some viewing angles in the same row during display; andwherein:the plurality of transparent electrodes are arranged in pairs of columns, configured such that in each pair of columns, a first transparent electrode in a first column and a second transparent electrode in a second column on a same row form a corresponding pair of transparent electrodes, having a mirror symmetry along the column direction;
two gate lines running in parallel in the column direction along the axis of symmetry between the pair of electrodes, each gate line corresponding to one electrode of the pair; and
each data line takes a shape of a folded line, extending in a direction of a row and running along borders of every two staggered neighboring sub-pixels in the row.

US Pat. No. 10,429,701

DISPLAY PANEL AND LCD PANEL AND LCD APPARATUS USING THE SAME

HKC Corporation Limited, ...

1. A display panel, comprising:a first substrate;
a plurality of pixel units, farmed on the first substrate;
a protective layer, formed on the first substrate, wherein the protective layer has different thicknesses in each of the pixel units so that at least two transparent regions having different thicknesses are formed in each of the pixel unit; and
a transparent electrode layer, formed on the transparent regions having different thicknesses of the protective layer,
wherein each of the pixel units has a plurality of regions with different penetration rates,
wherein the plurality of regions with different penetration rates are classified into at least three types of topography depths with different gradients and a pixel structure of the plurality of regions is divided into an inner-layer rectangle, a middle-layer rectangle, and an outer-layer triangle or rectangle according to the at least three types of topography depths with different gradients, the plurality of regions are covered by the transparent electrode layer, and a slit design is reserved on the transparent electrode layer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,700

DISPLAY MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display module comprising a liquid crystal panel and an organic light emitting diode substrate, wherein the liquid crystal panel comprises a plurality of sub-pixels configured to filter light; andthe organic light emitting diode substrate comprises a base and a plurality of organic light emitting diodes disposed on a side of the base adjacent to the liquid crystal panel, wherein the base is a silicon base, on which a first driving circuit and a second driving circuit are disposed, the first driving circuit configured to drive the respective organic light emitting diodes to emit light and the second driving circuit configured to drive the respective sub-pixels to filter light;
wherein the liquid crystal panel comprises an array substrate and a cover substrate which are cell-assembled, the array substrate is disposed on a side of the liquid crystal panel adjacent to the organic light emitting diode substrate and a thin film transistor array circuit is disposed on a side of the array substrate adjacent to the cover substrate, the thin film transistor array circuit is configured to control the respective sub-pixels under driving of the second driving circuit;
wherein the array substrate is provided with a through hole, through which the second driving circuit is electrically connected to the thin film transistor array circuit;
wherein a plurality of first connection terminals which are electrically connected with the second driving circuit are provided on a side of the base adjacent to the liquid crystal panel;
a plurality of second connection terminals which correspond to the plurality of first connection terminals and are electrically connected with the thin film transistor array circuit through the through hole are provided on a side of the array substrate adjacent to the organic light emitting diode substrate; and
the respective first connection terminals contacts with the respective second connection terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,429,699

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROTECTING A LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY BY CONTROLLING ION MIGRATION

OmniVision Technologies, ...

1. A liquid crystal display comprising:a substrate;
a pixel array formed on said substrate, said pixel array including a display area associated with a first set of pixels of said pixel array and a border area at least partially surrounding said display area;
a liquid crystal alignment layer formed over said pixel array; and wherein said first set of pixels is configured to be driven to display images intended to be viewed by an audience;
said liquid crystal alignment layer defines a first liquid crystal alignment direction over said display area;
said liquid crystal alignment layer defines a second liquid crystal alignment direction over at least a portion of said border area, said second liquid crystal alignment direction being different than said first liquid crystal alignment direction;
said pixel array includes an ion reservoir area at least partially surrounding said border area; and
said ion reservoir area is maintained at a zero voltage with respect to a common voltage to prevent ion migration within said ion reservoir area; and wherein
said border area is associated with a second set of pixels of said pixel array; and
said second set of pixels is configured to be driven with display protections images that promote ion migration in said liquid crystal layer away from said display area and into said ion reservoir area.

US Pat. No. 10,429,698

METHOD FOR FABRICATING ARRAY SUBSTRATE, ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A method for fabricating an array substrate, comprising:providing a base substrate which comprises a transparent substrate, a data electrode pattern layer formed on the transparent substrate and an insulation layer covering the data electrode pattern layer, the data electrode pattern layer comprising at least one data electrode;
forming a via-hole penetrating through the insulation layer so as to expose at least a part of one of the at least one data electrode;
forming a transparent electrode material layer;
forming a transparent electrode layer which comprises a transparent electrode and a connecting portion connected to the transparent electrode, the connecting portion being located in the via-hole so as to electrically connect the transparent electrode to a corresponding data electrode, and a filling being provided above the connecting portion so as to fill the via-hole covered by the connecting portion;
depositing the transparent electrode material layer on the transparent substrate formed with the insulation layer thereon, the insulation layer having the via-hole formed therein;
coating a photoresist layer on the transparent electrode material layer, the photoresist layer is formed by a positive photoresist material;
exposing the photoresist layer by using a half-tone mask, wherein the half-tone mask comprises a transparent region, a semitransparent region and a shading region, the shading region corresponds to a region of the transparent electrode material layer for forming the connecting portion, the semitransparent region corresponds to a region of the transparent electrode material layer for forming the transparent electrode, and the transparent region corresponds to a region of the transparent electrode material layer other than the shading region and the semitransparent region;
developing the exposed photoresist layer to obtain a protective pattern;
etching the transparent electrode material layer provided with the protective pattern thereon to obtain the transparent electrode layer; and
ashing the protective pattern to remove a portion of the protective pattern outside a region for forming the filling provided above the connecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,429,697

CURVED LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

12. A curved liquid crystal display (LCD) device, comprising:a first curved substrate;
a second curved substrate;
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the first curved substrate and the second curved substrate, wherein the liquid crystal layer comprises liquid crystal molecules;
a first curved liquid crystal alignment layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the first curved substrate; and
a second curved liquid crystal alignment layer disposed between the liquid crystal layer and the second curved substrate,
wherein the second curved liquid crystal alignment layer comprises a polymerization initiator, wherein the second curved liquid crystal alignment layer comprises polymerized reactive mesogens,
wherein the first curved liquid crystal alignment layer comprises polymerized reactive mesogens, the second curved liquid crystal alignment layer has a higher content of polymerized reactive mesogens per unit area than the first curved liquid crystal alignment layer, and
wherein the first curved liquid crystal alignment layer does not comprise a polymerization initiator,
wherein the first curved substrate comprises a first side facing the second curved substrate and a second side opposite to the first side, and wherein the second side of the first curved substrate is concave.

US Pat. No. 10,429,696

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A liquid crystal display comprising:a first substrate including a display area, and a peripheral area outside the display area, the display area including a plurality of unit regions in a plan view of the liquid crystal display;
a thin film transistor over the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer over the first substrate, the liquid crystal layer including a plurality of liquid crystal molecules;
a unit electrode positioned at one unit region of the plurality of unit regions and connected to the thin film transistor;
at least one lower dam positioned at a peripheral area, and positioned between the first substrate and the liquid crystal layer; and
a protrusion positioned at an edge region of the one unit region in the plan view of the liquid crystal display, and positioned between the first substrate and the liquid crystal layer and at an upper layer than the unit electrode, the protrusion protruding toward the liquid crystal layer,
wherein, in the plan view of the liquid crystal display:
the protrusion extends along the edge region of the one unit region to form a closed line around the one unit region,
the protrusion includes:
a transverse portion extending in a first direction;
a longitudinal portion extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, and connected to the transverse portion; and
a corner portion connected to the transverse portion and the longitudinal portion,
the corner portion includes:
a first side extending in the first direction and connected to the transverse portion;
a second side extending in the second direction and connected to the longitudinal portion; and
a third side extending in an oblique direction with an acute angle being formed between the third side and the first side in the plan view of the liquid crystal display, and
the lower dam and the protrusion are positioned at a same layer and include the same material as each other.

US Pat. No. 10,429,695

ALIGNMENT METHOD OF FFS LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. An alignment method of a fringe field switching (FFS) liquid crystal display panel, comprising the following steps:Step S1: providing a rubbing alignment material that comprises polyimide, a photo initiator, and a light-sensitive small-molecule compound, and mixing the rubbing alignment material, the photo initiator, and the light-sensitive small-molecule compound together to form an alignment film material;
Step S2: providing an array substrate and a color filter substrate and coating and curing the alignment film material on the color filter substrate and the array substrate to form two alignment films,
wherein the array substrate comprises: a backing plate, a common electrode arranged on the backing plate, an insulation layer arranged on the common electrode, and a pixel electrode arranged on the insulation layer; and the common electrode is a continuous planar electrode that continuously covers the backing plate and the pixel electrode is a patterned electrode comprising slits; and the color filter substrate comprises a base board having an internal surface on which the alignment film material is coated, such that one of the alignment films that is formed on the color filter substrate is directly attached to the internal surface of the base plate;
Step S3: subjecting the alignment films to rubbing alignment treatment;
Step S4: aligning and attaching the array substrate and the color filter substrate, filling liquid crystal molecules between the array substrate and the color filter substrate, and forming an electrode on one side of the color filter substrate that is distant from the array substrate, wherein the electrode is a continuous planar electrode that continuously covers an external surface of the color filter substrate and is separate from and opposite to the one of the alignment films that is formed on the color filter substrate;
Step S5: applying an electrical voltage between the electrode and the common electrode to make the liquid crystal molecules that are located between the array substrate and the color filter substrate rotate to a position substantially parallel to the array substrate and at the same time, irradiating the alignment films with ultraviolet (UV) light to cause polymerization of the light-sensitive small-molecule compound contained in the alignment films.

US Pat. No. 10,429,693

BACKLIGHT SOURCE BASED ON GRAPHENE, FIELD COLOR SEQUENTIAL LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE, AND DRIVING METHOD FOR THE SAME

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A backlight source based on graphene, comprising:a lower substrate;
an upper substrate; and
a first insulation layer, multiple gate electrodes, a second insulation layer, multiple graphene quantum dot layers, and multiple groups of source electrodes and drain electrodes which are sequentially disposed between the lower substrate and the upper substrate from a bottom to a top;wherein, the multiple graphene quantum dot layers are separately disposed on the second insulation layer, and one of the source electrodes and one of the drain electrodes are disposed on each graphene quantum dot layer;wherein each of an upper surface and a lower surface of the second insulation layer is provided with multiple recess portions disposed separately, and the gate electrodes are embedded into corresponding recess portions at the lower surface of the second insulation layer and the graphene quantum dot layers are embedded into corresponding recess portions at the upper surface of the second insulation layer;
wherein a width of the graphene quantum dot layer is greater than a width of the gate electrode; and
wherein a light reflection layer is further disposed between the first insulation layer and the lower substrate, and the light reflection layer covers on the lower substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,429,692

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL AND FABRICATION METHOD

Xiamen Tianma Micro-elect...

1. A liquid crystal display panel, comprising:an upper substrate;
a lower substrate as an array substrate, configured facing toward the upper substrate;
a liquid crystal layer sandwiched between the upper substrate and the lower substrate;
an upper regionalized polarizer disposed on the upper substrate including a plurality of first upper polarizing units and second upper polarizing units;
a lower regionalized polarizer disposed on the lower substrate including a plurality of first lower polarizing units and a plurality of second lower polarizing units, wherein:
the first lower polarizing units correspond to the first upper polarizing units;
the second lower polarizing units correspond to the second upper polarizing units;
the first upper polarizing units and the second upper polarizing units have mutually orthogonal polarization directions;
the first lower polarizing units and the first upper polarizing units have mutually orthogonal polarization directions; and
the second lower polarizing units and the second upper polarizing units have mutually orthogonal polarization directions;
a lower planarization layer formed on one side of the lower substrate facing toward the upper substrate, wherein the lower regionalized polarizer is configured coplanar with the lower planarization layer;
a plurality of source electrodes, drain electrodes, and data lines disposed on the lower substrate, wherein:
the source electrodes, the drain electrodes, and the data lines are coplanar with each other;
the source electrodes and the data lines are electrically connected; and
the source electrodes, the drain electrodes, and the data lines are covered by the lower planarization layer;
a plurality of first electrodes disposed on the lower planarization layer; and
a plurality of second electrodes disposed on a second insulating layer separating the first electrodes, configured to form an electric field parallel with a surface of the lower substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,429,691

REGIONAL POLARIZATION STRUCTURE, METHOD FOR FABRICATING REGIONAL POLARIZATION STRUCTURE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL

XIAMEN TIANMA MICRO-ELECT...

1. A regional polarization structure, comprising:a substrate;
at least one first carbon nanotube block arranged on a first side of the substrate, wherein the first carbon nanotube block comprises a plurality of carbon nanotubes extended in a first direction; and
at least one second carbon nanotube block arranged on a second side of the substrate, wherein the second carbon nanotube block comprises a plurality of carbon nanotubes extended in a second direction;
wherein the second side is a side of the substrate opposite to the first side of the substrate;
wherein a projection of the at least one first carbon nanotube block on the second side of the substrate is not overlapped with the at least one second carbon nanotube block, and wherein the first direction is not parallel with the second direction;
wherein a first photo-alignment base material is arranged between the substrate and the first carbon nanotube block; and
wherein a second photo-alignment base material is arranged between the substrate and the second carbon nanotube block.

US Pat. No. 10,429,690

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

10. A display device, comprising:a first substrate and a second substrate overlapping each other;
a color filter disposed on the second substrate, the color filter comprising a first color filter comprising a red quantum dot particle, a second color filter comprising a green quantum dot particle, and a third color filter comprising a transparent material;
a blue light blocking layer disposed between the second substrate and the first color filter and between the second substrate and the second color filter; and
a blue light transmitting layer disposed between the color filter and the first substrate and overlapping the first color filter, the second color filter and the third color filter,
wherein the blue light blocking layer and the third color filter are disposed on the same surface of the second substrate facing a liquid crystal layer,
wherein a sum of thickness of the first color filter and thickness of the blue light blocking layer is substantially the same as a thickness of the third color filter, and
wherein a sum of thickness of the second color filter and thickness of the blue light blocking layer is substantially the same as the thickness of the third color filter.

US Pat. No. 10,429,689

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Alpine Electronics, Inc.,...

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a color filter including a filter portion and a mask portion which is arranged around the filter portion and shields light;
a liquid crystal panel including a liquid crystal portion including a display region corresponding to the filter portion; and,
a cover member which is arranged on a display side of the liquid crystal panel and is made of a translucent material;
wherein the cover member includes:
an intermediate layer having a pattern in which a partial light shielding region and a partial light transmitting region are mixed, and corresponding to a part of the mask portion arranged outside the filter portion; and,
a light shielding layer arranged outside the intermediate layer and having the same material and color as the partial light shielding region; and,
wherein a color of each pixel of the liquid crystal panel corresponding to the partial light transmitting region included in the intermediate layer is set as an intermediate color between a color of the mask portion and a color of a pixel of the liquid crystal panel adjacent to each pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,429,688

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a first substrate including:
a plurality of source lines including a first source line, a second source line, a third source line, and a fourth source line arranged in series in a first direction, and
a plurality of gate lines including a first gate line, a second gate line, and a third gate line arranged in series in a second direction;
a second substrate opposed to the first substrate;
a liquid crystal layer held between the first substrate and the second substrate;
a plurality of main light shields including a first main light shield, a second main light shield, a third main light shield, and a fourth main light shield opposed to the plurality of source lines, respectively;
a sub light shield crossing the plurality of main light shields to be opposed to the second gate line;
a spacer disposed between the second source line and the third source line; and
a spacer light shield disposed around the spacer and extending isotropically from a center of the spacer,
wherein the spacer light shield includes:
a first part formed integrally with the second main light shield and the sub light shield between the first main light shield and the second main light shield that are adjacent to each other,
a second part formed integrally with the second main light shield, the third main light shield, and the sub light shield between the second main light shield and the third main light shield that are adjacent to each other, and
a third part formed integrally with the third main light shield and the sub light shield between the third main light shield and the fourth main light shield that are adjacent to each other,
wherein the spacer is located in a center between the second source line and the third source line that are adjacent to each other, and does not overlap the source lines,
the first part is distant from the first main light shield, and the third part is distant from the fourth main light shield;
a greatest width of the second part along the second direction is greater than a greatest width of the first part along the second direction and a greatest width of the third part along the second direction;
a first relay electrode disposed between the first source line and the second source line that are adjacent to each other;
a second relay electrode disposed between the second source line and the third source line that are adjacent to each other; and
a third relay electrode disposed between the third source line and the fourth source line that are adjacent to each other,
wherein the first relay electrode, the second relay electrode, and the third relay electrode are electrically connected to the second gate line,
an end portion on the first gate line side of the first relay electrode and an end portion on the first gate line side of the third relay electrode are arranged on a same straight line along the first direction, and
an end portion on the first gate line side of the second relay electrode extends longer than the end portion on the first gate line side of the first relay electrode in a direction to be distant form the second gate line.

US Pat. No. 10,429,687

DIRECTIONAL BACKLIGHT UNIT AND THREE-DIMENSIONAL IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A directional backlight unit comprising:a light source configured to emit light;
a light guide plate comprising an incident surface upon which the light emitted from the light source is incident, an emission surface from which the light that has propagated through the incident surface is emitted, and a reflection surface facing the emission surface;
an absorptive wire grid polarizer disposed on the emission surface, the absorptive wire grid polarizer comprising a plurality of metal wires, each of the plurality of metal wires comprising an absorptive metal material, each of the plurality of metal wires having a length in a first direction, and each of the plurality of metal wires being arranged in a second direction that is perpendicular to the first direction; and
a diffraction device configured to diffract the light emitted from the light guide plate toward a plurality of different viewing zones,
wherein the diffraction device comprises a plurality of diffraction device components that are arranged in a repeating pattern,
wherein each of the plurality of diffraction device components comprises a grating device configured to adjust a direction in which the light is emitted from the diffraction device, and
wherein the grating device comprises a plurality of sub grating devices comprising gratings in which at least one from among an arrangement direction and an arrangement cycle is different, a number of the plurality of sub grating devices being the same as a number of the plurality of different viewing zones.

US Pat. No. 10,429,685

EMBEDDED TOUCH PANEL HAVING HIGH RESISTANCE FILM AND DISPLAY DEVICE

WGTECH (JIANGXI) CO., LTD...

1. An in-cell touch screen having a high resistivity film, comprising: a first substrate, a thin film transistor substrate, a liquid crystal layer, a color filter, a touch sensing layer, a second substrate, and a high resistivity film, which are sequentially laminated; wherein the thin film transistor substrate is provided with a plurality of mutually insulated sensing wires on a surface thereof facing the liquid crystal layer, the high resistivity film is formed on a surface of the second substrate away from the touch sensing layer, the high resistivity film is electrically coupled to the thin film transistor substrate,wherein the high resistivity film is made of a mixture comprising graphite oxide, tin oxide, a surfactant, and a crosslinking agent; and
wherein the high resistivity film comprises, by weight parts, 4 to 7 parts of graphite oxide, 10 to 13 parts of tin oxide, 25 to 30 parts of surfactant, and 10 to 26 parts of crosslinking agent.

US Pat. No. 10,429,684

DISPLAY TILE WITH INCREASED DISPLAY AREA

BARCO N.V., Kortrijk (BE...

1. A frame for a display tile, the frame being of one piece or being split into two or more frame elements or strips, the frame being made of a first material with a first coefficient of thermal expansion, the frame being adapted to be fastened to a substrate, wherein the substrate forms part of the display tile, the substrate being made of a second material with a second coefficient of thermal expansion; wherein the one piece frame or each frame element or strip is divided into three parts: a first part to be glued to a lateral side of the substrate, a third part to serve as fastening interface to a support structure or a backlight structure and a second part positioned between the first and third part to isolate the third part from strain in the first part.

US Pat. No. 10,429,683

DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A display device, comprising:a display panel;
an inner plate configured to support a rear surface of the display panel;
a back cover provided on rear surface of the inner plate such that the display panel and the inner plate are embedded inside; and
a curvature adjustment member comprising a wire fixing member coupled to at least one of corner portions of the inner plate and a wire winding member coupled to a central portion of the back cover so as to adjust a tension of a wire connected to the wire fixing member, and
wherein the wire winding member comprises:
a cylindrical main body fixed to the rear surface of the back cover;
a rotation member passing through the main body and comprising, at one end thereof positioned inside the back cover, a winding portion around which the wire connected to the wire fixing member is wound;
a support member through which a remaining end of the rotation member passes so as to be integrally rotated therewith, the support member being supported on the upper surface of the main body; and
a fixing member coupled through an outer peripheral surface of the remaining end of the rotation member so as to prevent the support member from being separated and rotated.

US Pat. No. 10,429,682

SUPPORT FOR PANEL DEVICES IN AN ELECTRONIC DISPLAY DEVICE

Panasonic Liquid Crystal ...

1. An electronic display device, comprising:a support portion;
a first panel device and a second panel device, the first panel device and the second panel device being stacked and affixed together in a thickness direction of the electronic display device; and
a plurality of support structures, each of the support structures secured to the support portion and located at an edge of the stacked first and second panel devices, each of the support structures comprising a first support member and a second support member, wherein
the first support member comprises a first support surface, the second support member comprises a second support surface, the first support surface being parallel to and configured to contact an edge of the first panel device, and the second support surface being parallel to and configured to contact an edge of the second panel device, and
in each of the support structures, the first support member and the second support member of the support structure are separate pieces that contact each other and have the same shape.

US Pat. No. 10,429,681

STRUCTURE OF GOA CIRCUIT

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A structure of GOA (gate driver on array) circuit, which comprises: a flexible substrate, a first thin film transistor (TFT) layer disposed on the front side of the flexible substrate, a second TFT layer disposed on the back side of the flexible substrate, and a plurality of wires passing through a plurality of holes on the flexible substrate to electrically connected the first TFT layer and the second TFT layer respectively;wherein the material of the flexible substrate being polyimide, polyethylene terephthalate, cycloolefin copolymer, or polyether resin;
wherein the thickness of the flexible substrate being 10-300 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,429,676

RING WAVEGUIDE MODULATORS

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A device comprising:a bus waveguide to carry a light of a carrier wavelength;
a first ring waveguide communicatively coupled to a first modulator;
a first heater to adjust a first resonance wavelength of the first ring waveguide; and
a second ring waveguide communicatively coupled to a second modulator and having a second resonance wavelength, wherein at least one of the first resonance wavelength and the second resonance wavelength is offset from the carrier wavelength, wherein the first ring waveguide and the second ring waveguide are coupled to the bus waveguide, and wherein the first modulator and the second modulator are configured to modulate the light of the carrier wavelength to impart one of at least four optical power levels to the light;
wherein the first heater is configured to adjust the first resonance wavelength of the first ring waveguide to between 60 picometers and 100 picometers of the second resonance wavelength of the second ring waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,429,675

SYSTEM FOR USING AUGMENTED REALITY FOR VISION

1. A computer-implemented method for an augmented reality system for vision, operable and upgradeable on different portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platforms that is easily adjustable by the user, comprising executing on one or more than one processor the steps of: a) providing a portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform, where the hardware platform comprises at least: 1) a frame; 2) one or more than one display lenses attached to the frame; 3) one or more than one camera operably connected to the frame; 4) wired, wireless or both wired and wireless communications means for transferring power, data or both power and data to the hardware platform connected to the frame 5) a wired, wireless or both wired and wireless input device for controlling the hardware platform operably connected to the frame; 6) one or more than one processor for executing instructions connected to the frame; and 7) a storage attached to the processor for storing instructions, applications and data connected to the frame; b) executing instructions on the one or more than one processor to automatically detect the hardware capabilities of the portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform; c) loading and installing instructions for a user onto the portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform; d) displaying available applications to the user based on the detected hardware available on the portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform; e) selecting an available application; f) retrieving the selected application from a storage connected to the one or more than one processor; g) executing the retrieved instructions for the selected application; h) changing the magnification to view the selected application; i) changing the contrast of the selected application using the track pad, the remote control or by voice command; j) auto-focusing the one or more than one display lenses, where the one or more than one display lenses are set to continuous auto focus but locked at set distances determined by magnification settings; k) adjusting a magnification of the one or more than one display lenses; l) selecting and overlaying contrast filters specifically designed to enhanced visually impaired experience above a threshold, m) enabling hands free control using various voice frequencies and algorithms set to commands and key phrases that control the portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform; n) executing instructions located on the portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform for reading back text, signs or any printed material; o) recording multimedia information from the portable, wearable and self-contained hardware platform; p) displaying an onboard gallery of stored multimedia information; q) electronically changing the one or more than one display lenses attached to the one or more than one camera to take a 50 degree electronically magnified image at distances of greater than 50 feet and editing the field of view down to 30 degree creating a clear image.

US Pat. No. 10,429,674

SAFETY GLASSES HAVING OPTICALLY CORRECTIVE LENSES

1. Protective glasses which have correction lenses and in the case of which retaining-frame-like connecting means are arranged in or on the protective glasses for the purpose of accommodating the correction lenses,wherein
adapter rings are arranged as compensating bodies between a curvature of an outer contour of the protective glasses, in the region where the correction lenses are arranged, and a curvature of the correction lenses inserted, said adapter rings having, on their outer side, the curvature of the outer contour of the protective glasses,
and having, on the opposite, inner side, the standard and identical curvature of the facet of the correction lens which is to be inserted,
wherein the correction lenses of different thicknesses are coordinated at their circumferences so that their curvatures and shaping uniformly fit precisely with the adapter rings, and the likewise uniform curvature and shaping thereof, and are insertable in a defined position into the adapter rings,
wherein the adapter rings are of such a depth that different thicknesses of correction lenses are insertable into the adapter rings, into the space between the outer contour of the protective glasses and the inner curvature of the adapter rings,
wherein the adapter rings, being of approximately wedge-shaped design, are each thicker in the nose region and taper at the temple,
wherein the adapter rings are designed in the form of an integral constituent part of the protective glasses,
wherein the adapter rings are made of a rigid, non-thermoplastic material with thermosetting properties, and
wherein the adapter rings are incorporated directly in apertures in the protective glasses.

US Pat. No. 10,429,673

HIGH ENERGY VISIBLE LIGHT ABSORBING MATERIAL FOR OPHTHALMIC SUBSTRATE AND APPLICATION METHOD

Quantum Innovations, Inc....

1. A high energy visible light absorbing coating for an ophthalmic substrate, the high energy visible light absorbing coating comprising:a high energy visible light absorbing material comprising at least one of the following: aluminum zinc oxide, indium zinc oxide and gallium zinc oxide, the high energy visible light absorbing material selectively absorbing light within a wavelength range of the light spectrum of between about 350 nm and about 460 nm, the high energy visible light absorbing material enabling transmission of at least 98 percent of light outside the wavelength range of the light spectrum of between about 350 nm and about 460 nm, the high energy visible light absorbing material further being generally antireflective, the high energy visible light absorbing material forming a high energy visible light absorbing coating with a layer thickness of from about 33 nm to about 117 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,429,672

TEMPORARY CORRECTIVE OPTICAL LENSES

E. Thomas Curley, New Al...

1. An optical device, comprising:(a) at least one temporary corrective optical lens adapted to be attachable to and detachable from a non-corrective optical lens, wherein the at least one corrective lens further comprises:
(i) at least one thermoplastic polymer having vision correcting or magnifying properties; and
(ii) at least one non-phthalate plasticizer blended with the at least one thermoplastic polymer,
(b) wherein the corrective optical lens is attachable to the non-corrective optical lens by utilizing inherent van der Waals forces of attraction occurring between the corrective optical lens and the non-corrective optical lens, and
(c) wherein the inherent van der Waals forces of attraction are enhanced by blending the at least one non-phthalate plasticizer with the at least one thermoplastic polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,429,670

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR CONTROLLING AXIAL GROWTH WITH AN OCULAR LENS

MENICON SINGAPORE PTE LTD...

1. An ocular lens, comprising:a lens body, the lens body including an optic zone shaped to direct central light towards a central focal point of a central region of a retina of an eye when disposed relative to the eye, and
a semi-spherical or hexagonal optic feature protruding from the lens body defined outside the optic zone on the lens body that directs peripheral light into the eye away from the central region of the retina when the lens body is disposed relative to the eye, wherein the semi-spherical or hexagonal optic feature further causes the peripheral light directed away from the central region of the retina to have a focal point in front of the retina.

US Pat. No. 10,429,669

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR IMPROVING AN OPHTHALMIC PRESCRIPTION

SHAMIR OPTICAL INDUSTRY L...

1. A method for calculating an adjusted prescription for an eye of a patient using a simulated optical system run on a computing system, for use in manufacturing of an ophthalmic lens for correcting the vision of a patient, said method comprising:(a) at the computing system, receiving input data including an original prescription based on an eye vision measurement performed via a real optical system;
(b) at the computing system, receiving supplementary input data associated with an eye vision measurement in which said original prescription was obtained, wherein said supplementary input data includes at least one of measuring instrument data from said eye vision measurement in which said original prescription was obtained, an eye data, or source object data from said eye vision measurement in which said original prescription was obtained;
(c) with said simulated optical system run on the computing system, simulating said real optical system in which said eye vision measurement was performed; and
(d) with the computing system and at least said simulation of said real optical system generated with said simulated optical system, said original prescription, and said supplementary input data, calculating an said adjusted prescription to compensate for an effect of said supplementary input data on said eye vision measurement;
wherein said measuring instrument data includes one of a tilt of a measuring instrument, an observation angle of the patient, a geometry of the lens used in the measuring instrument, a refraction index of the lens used in the measuring instrument, a center thickness of the lens used in the measuring instrument, an edge thickness of the lens in the measuring instrument, or a diameter of the lens used in the measuring instrument; and
wherein the eye data includes one of a strength of illumination during the eye measurement or a pupil diameter.

US Pat. No. 10,429,668

SCREWLESS EYEGLASSES FRAME

1. A screwless eyeglasses frame, comprising a lens, a rim around an outer edge of the lens, and two temples respectively connected to two ends of the rim, two sides of the lens being defined as a front side and a back side, wherein the screwless eyeglasses frame further comprises:two first connecting portions respectively disposed at two opposite ends of the rim, each of the first connecting portions comprising a first body disposed facing the back side of the lens, an accommodating slot recessed from the first body and being open towards the lens, a pivotal rotation channel in communication with the accommodating slot and being open towards the lens, a sliding channel disposed at one end of the pivotal rotation channel and being slantingly open towards the lens, a positioning groove located at one end of the pivotal rotation channel away from the sliding channel, and a guiding track in communication with the sliding channel, wherein the guiding track has a width smaller than that of the accommodating slot, and is slantingly open from the sliding channel towards the lens; and
two second connecting portions individually disposed at one end of each of the temples, each of the second connecting portions comprising a second body, a protruding block extended outwards from the second body and disposed correspondingly to the accommodating slot, a pivotal rotation axis connected to the protruding block and disposed correspondingly to the pivotal rotation channel and the positioning groove, and a sliding block disposed at one end of the pivotal rotation axis, having a width greater than a radius of the pivotal rotation axis and disposed correspondingly to the sliding channel;
wherein the pivotal rotation axis is able to sequentially enter the sliding channel, the pivotal rotation channel and the positioning groove, and the second connecting portion is able to pivotally rotate correspondingly to the first connecting portion when the pivotal rotation axis is abutted against a lower end of the positioning groove.

US Pat. No. 10,429,666

CAMERA ACTUATOR WITH MAGNET HOLDER HAVING MAGNETIC FIELD

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A camera, comprising:a lens assembly in a lens carrier;
an image sensor for capturing a digital representation of light transiting the lens;
a voice coil motor, the voice coil motor comprising:
a spring suspension assembly for moveably mounting the lens carrier to an actuator base,
a plurality of permanent magnets attached to a magnet holder and mounted to the actuator base through the magnet holder, wherein
the permanent magnets each generate a magnetic field of a respective permanent magnet field strength, and
the magnet holder is magnetized such that the magnet holder generates a holder magnetic field of a holder magnetic field strength, and
a focusing coil fixedly mounted to the lens carrier and electrically coupled to the actuator base through the suspension assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,429,665

ILLUMINATION APPARATUS OPTIMIZED FOR SYNTHETIC APERTURE OPTICS IMAGING USING MINIMUM SELECTIVE EXCITATION PATTERNS

Optical Biosystems, Inc.,...

1. A method for performing synthetic aperture optics (SAO) on a target including one or more objects, the method comprising the steps of:illuminating the target with a predetermined number (N) of selective excitation patterns, wherein the target is illuminated with two or three phases of each one of the selective excitation patterns;
optically imaging the illuminated target at a first resolution, wherein the optical imaging is from illuminating the target with the two or three phases of each one of the selective excitation patterns; and
processing optical images of the illuminated target using information on the selective excitation patterns to obtain a final image of the illuminated target at a second resolution higher than the first resolution.

US Pat. No. 10,429,663

MOVEABLY-COUPLED SCREEN ACTUATORS

Dolby Laboratories Licens...

1. A speckle dampening system for dampening speckle on a projection screen for a projection display system, said projection display system comprising light sources, said system comprising:a set of actuators, each said actuator capable of emitting a vibration of a set of desired frequencies;
a set of rotatably coupled mounts, each of said set of rotatably coupled mount capable of mounting at least one said actuator;
an additional mass, said additional mass placed on said system capable of adjusting the force of at least one of said actuators upon said projection screen; and
wherein said at least one actuator mounted on said rotatably coupled mount is in moveable mechanical communication with said projection screen.

US Pat. No. 10,429,662

POLARIZING BEAM SPLITTER PLATES PROVIDING HIGH RESOLUTION IMAGES AND SYSTEMS UTILIZING SUCH POLARIZING BEAM SPLITTER PLATES

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A method, comprising:providing a multilayer optical film;
providing a temporary substrate coated with an aqueous solution;
after providing the aqueous solution coated temporary substrate, releasably attaching a first surface of the multilayer optical film to the aqueous solution side of the temporary substrate;
providing a permanent substrate;
attaching a second surface of the multilayer optical film to the permanent substrate; and
removing the multilayer optical film from the temporary flat substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,429,661

RETROREFLECTOR DETECTORS

Sensors Unlimited, Inc., ...

1. An optics arrangement, comprising:a polarized beam splitter arranged along an collection axis;
a first quarter waveplate arranged along the collection axis;
a second quarter waveplate arranged along the collection axis, wherein the second quarter waveplate is optically coupled to the first quarter waveplate by the polarized beam splitter to limit return of polarized illumination originating in a scene being illuminated for retroreflector detection; and
a collector arranged along the collection axis, wherein the second quarter waveplate is arranged between the collector and the polarized beam splitter along the collection axis.

US Pat. No. 10,429,660

DIRECTIVE COLOUR FILTER AND NAKED-EYE 3D DISPLAY APPARATUS

SVG OPTRONICS CO., LTD., ...

1. A directional color filter, comprising:a color filter comprising a plurality of filtering units, wherein each of the filtering units comprises at least three filtering subunits for different colors, colors of light transmitted through the filtering subunits for the same color are the same; and
a directional function structure layer arranged on a light emitting surface of the color filter and comprising a plurality of structure units, wherein each of the structure units is arranged corresponding to one of the filtering units, each of the structure units comprises at least three structure subunits, each of the structure subunits is arranged corresponding to one of the filtering subunits, wherein light transmitted through each of the filtering subunits is incident to a corresponding one of the structure subunits,
wherein each of the structure subunits comprises a plurality of nanometer diffraction gratings; nanometer diffraction gratings in the same structure subunit have different periods and different orientation angles, wherein light with the same color transmitted through the same structure subunit has different viewing angles; and nanometer diffraction gratings at a same position in structure subunits in the same filtering unit corresponding to filtering subunits for different colors have different periods and different orientation angles, wherein light with different colors for compositing an image with a same viewing angle has the same viewing angle.

US Pat. No. 10,429,659

OPTICAL ARRANGEMENT AND AN AUTOSTEREOSCOPIC DISPLAY DEVICE INCORPORATING THE SAME

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. An optical arrangement having at least a lens mode in which it is a lens arrangement comprising an array of lenticular lenses which comprise a first layer and a second layer having an interface between each other defining a surface of the array of lenticular lenses, the first layer having a first refractive index at the 587.5618 nm D3 helium line and the second layer having a second refractive index at the 587.5618 nm D3 helium line which is larger than the first refractive index, wherein the lens surface of each lenticular lens defines a convex lenticular lens shape for rays entering the lenticular lens from the second layer, and has a particular lens surface shape with sufficient curvature such that, when tracing rays through a lenticular lens after they have entered one side of the lenticular lens opposite the side with the lens surface shape, there exists at least one ray, for every incoming angle to said one side, that hits the lenticular lens surface perpendicularly, and wherein the difference between the second and the first refractive indices is in the range 0.05-0.15.

US Pat. No. 10,429,657

EYE TRACKING FOR A HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY INCLUDING A PANCAKE LENS BLOCK

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A head mounted display (HMD) comprising:at least one processor;
an electronic display screen configured to display a virtual scene to a user wearing the HMD;
a lens block configured to focus light of the virtual scene displayed by the electronic display screen to an exit pupil of the HMD;
an eye tracking system comprising:
a dichroic coating on a transmission surface of the electronic display screen configured to transmit light from the electronic display and reflect near-infrared spectrum light;
a reflective optical element positioned between the dichroic coating of the electronic display screen and the lens block, the reflective optical element configured to reflect at least a portion of the near-infrared spectrum light;
an image capturing element configured to receive the near-infrared spectrum light from the eye of the user that has been reflected off the dichroic coating on the electronic display screen, wherein the lens block, the dichroic coating, and the reflective optical element are configured in combination to cause the near-infrared spectrum light reflected from the eye of the user to be:
transmitted, by the reflective optical element positioned between the dichroic coating of the electronic display screen and the lens block, toward the dichroic coating,
reflected, by the dichroic coating, back towards the reflective optical element,
reflected, at least one second time by the reflective optical element, back toward the dichroic coating, and
reflected, by the dichroic coating, to the image capturing element.

US Pat. No. 10,429,656

EYE TRACKING FOR A HEAD MOUNTED DISPLAY INCLUDING A PANCAKE LENS BLOCK

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A head mounted display (HMD) comprising:at least one processor;
an electronic display screen configured to display a virtual scene to a user wearing the HMD;
a lens block comprising:
a back curved optical element configured to transmit a portion of light from the electronic display screen; and
a front curved optical element in optical series with the back curved optical element configured to reflect the portion of the light from the electronic display screen transmitted by the back curved optical element back to the back curved optical element, the back curved optical element reflecting a second portion of the light from the front curved optical element back to the front curved optical element for transmission to an exit pupil of the HMD; and
an eye tracking system comprising:
a dichroic coating on a transmission surface of the electronic display screen configured to transmit light from the electronic display and reflect near-infrared spectrum light from an eye of a user, wherein the lens block is configured to transmit the near-infrared spectrum light from the eye of the user through the back curved optical element and the front curved optical element and be incident on the dichroic coating on the transmission surface of the electronic display screen; and
at least one image capturing element configured to receive the near-infrared spectrum light from the eye of the user that has been reflected off the dichroic coating on the electronic display screen.

US Pat. No. 10,429,655

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS THAT INTEGRATE EYE TRACKING AND SCANNING LASER PROJECTION IN WEARABLE HEADS-UP DISPLAYS

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A wearable heads-up display (“WHUD”) comprising:a first visible light source to output a first visible light in a first narrow waveband, the first visible light representative of at least a first portion of a displayed image;
a second visible light source to output a second visible light in a second narrow waveband different from the first narrow waveband, the second visible light representative of at least a second portion of a displayed image;
a transparent combiner aligned to receive the first visible light from the first light source and the second visible light from the second visible light source and to redirect both the first visible light and the second visible light towards at least one eye of a user;
a first narrow waveband detector aligned to receive at least a portion of the first visible light reflected from the at least one eye of the user, wherein the first narrow waveband detector is responsive to the first visible light in the first narrow waveband and unresponsive to light that is outside of the first narrow waveband; and
a second narrow waveband detector aligned to receive at least a portion of the second visible light reflected from the at least one eye of the user, wherein the second narrow waveband detector is responsive to the second visible light in the second narrow waveband and unresponsive to light that is outside of the second narrow waveband.

US Pat. No. 10,429,654

VIRTUAL REALITY DISPLAY APPARATUS

Acer Incorporated, New T...

1. A virtual reality display apparatus comprising:at least one display configured to provide an image beam to a left eye or a right eye of a user; and
at least one optical assembly disposed on a transmission path of the image beam and located between the display and the left eye or the right eye of the user, wherein the optical assembly comprises at least one Fresnel lens comprising a plurality of ring structures surrounding an optical axis thereof, each of the ring structures comprises an effective refraction surface and an optically non-effective surface connected to each other and arranged along a radial direction, and a junction of the effective refraction surface and the optically non-effective surface has a round angle, wherein a radius of curvature of round angles of at least some of the ring structures of the Fresnel lens is smaller than 10 ?m and larger than 0 ?m, wherein the at least one optical assembly is two optical assemblies, an included angle is between an optical assembly corresponding to the left eye of the user and an optical assembly corresponding to the right eye of the user, and a range of the included angle is larger than or equal to 130 degrees and is smaller than or equal to 180 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,429,653

DETERMINATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL AUGMENTATION ALLOCATION DATA

Nokia Technologies Oy, E...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a head mounted display, augmentation allocation property data that comprises data that correlates a virtual information region with at least one surface property;
receiving information indicative of at least one physical object that is in a physical environment proximate to the head mounted display;
determining that the physical object has a surface that conforms with the surface property;
determining environmental augmentation allocation data that comprises data that correlates the virtual information region with the surface of the physical object such that the environmental augmentation allocation data designates the surface of the physical object for display of a representation of information allocated to the virtual information region, the determination of the environmental augmentation allocation data being based, at least in part, on the determination that the physical object has the surface that conforms with the surface property;
determining that at least part of the surface of the physical object is at least partially within a field of view of the head mounted display; and causing display of at least part of information that is allocated to the virtual information region based, at least in part, on the environmental augmentation allocation data and the determination that at least part of the surface of the physical object is at least partially within the field of view of the head mounted display.

US Pat. No. 10,429,652

TILED WAVEGUIDE DISPLAY WITH A WIDE FIELD-OF-VIEW

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A waveguide display, comprising:a first light source configured to emit first image light corresponding to a first portion of an image;
a second light source configured to emit second image light corresponding to a second portion of the image that is different than the first portion of the image;
a source waveguide including a first entrance area, a second entrance area, a first exit area, and a second exit area, the source waveguide configured to:
in-couple the first image light at the first entrance area, expand the first image light in at least one dimension, and output the expanded first image light via the first exit area, and
in-couple the second image light at the second entrance area, expand the second image light in a first dimension, and output the expanded second image light via the second exit area; and
an output waveguide including a third entrance area and a third exit area, the output waveguide configured to in-couple the first image light and the second image light at the third entrance area, expand the expanded first image light and the expanded second image light in at least one dimension that is orthogonal to the first dimension to generate a portion of a magnified image, and output the portion of the magnified image via the third exit area towards an eyebox.

US Pat. No. 10,429,649

AUGMENTED AND VIRTUAL REALITY DISPLAY SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DIAGNOSING USING OCCLUDER

Magic Leap, Inc., Planta...

1. A wearable augmented reality device comprising:an augmented reality head-mounted ophthalmic system comprising an augmented reality display platform configured to pass light from the world into at least one eye of a person wearing the ophthalmic system;
a light source configured to output light for propagation into the eye of the person to form an image in the eye; and
a user interface configured to receive input from the person,
wherein the ophthalmic system is configured to occlude one or more selectable portions of a field of view of the person's eye and to receive input from the person regarding the wearer's vision through the user interface, wherein the wearable augmented reality device is configured to occlude a central region of the field of view and wherein the wearable augmented reality device is configured to determine whether occluding the central region improves the person's vision of the image, and conclude a presence of a visual defect in the eye of the person based on the determined improvement in the person's vision.

US Pat. No. 10,429,647

FOCUS ADJUSTING VIRTUAL REALITY HEADSET

Facebook Technologies, LL...

1. A virtual reality (VR) headset comprising:at least one processor;
an electronic display screen configured to display a virtual scene to a user wearing the VR headset;
an eye tracking system including at least one image capturing element, the eye tracking system configured to determine an eye position of each eye of the user;
a pancake lens block comprising:
a back curved optical element configured to transmit a portion of light from the electronic display screen; and
a front curved optical element in optical series with the back curved optical element configured to reflect the portion of the light from the electronic display screen transmitted by the back curved optical element back to the back curved optical element, the back curved optical element reflecting a second portion of the light from the front curved optical element back to the front curved optical element for transmission to an exit pupil of the VR headset; and
a varifocal actuation block configured to adjust at least one of the front curved optical element or the back curved optical element to change a focal length of the pancake lens block based at least in part on the determined eye position of each eye of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,429,646

FREE SPACE OPTICAL COMBINER WITH PRESCRIPTION INTEGRATION

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a prescriptive see-through eyepiece including:
a meniscus lens body having an external scene side with a convex curvature and an eye-ward side with a concave curvature; and
an optical combiner disposed within the meniscus lens body between the external scene side and the eye-ward side to combine image light incident through the eye-ward side with external scene light incident through the external scene side into a combined image directed along an eye-ward direction out of the meniscus lens body, wherein the optical combiner is partially reflective and imparts substantially no lensing power to the external scene light that passes through the optical combiner, wherein the optical combiner along with the concave curvature of the eye-ward side of the meniscus lens body are collectively configured to impart prescriptive lensing to the image light, and wherein the convex curvature of the external scene side and the concave curvature of the eye-ward side are collectively configured to impart the prescriptive lensing to the external scene light;
wherein the meniscus lens body includes a recess in the eye-ward side and the optical combiner comprises an insert having a size and a shape that inserts into the recess;
wherein the optical combiner is configured to impart lensing power to the image light in reflection; and
wherein the optical combiner further comprises:
a plurality of serrated surfaces, wherein the serrated surfaces are curved to impart the lensing power in reflection; and
a partially reflective coating disposed over the serrated surfaces; and
wherein the recess includes an interior surface having complementary serrated surfaces that are mated to the plurality of serrated surfaces of the insert.

US Pat. No. 10,429,645

DIFFRACTIVE OPTICAL ELEMENT WITH INTEGRATED IN-COUPLING, EXIT PUPIL EXPANSION, AND OUT-COUPLING

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. An optical element, comprising:a monolithic substrate of optical material forming a waveguide in which one or more optical beams are propagated;
an in-coupling region integrated into the monolithic substrate, the in-coupling region having an input surface and configured with a one dimensional (1D) grating that is periodic in one direction to couple one or more optical beams incident on the input surface into the waveguide; and
a beam steering and out-coupling region integrated into the monolithic substrate and configured for pupil expansion of the one or more optical beams along a first direction,
wherein the beam steering and out-coupling region is configured with a two-dimensional (2D) grating that is periodic in two directions,
wherein the 2D grating is configured to provide at least two diverse optical paths to each of any given point in the 2D grating for the propagating optical beams, wherein differences between lengths of the at least two diverse optical paths to each of any given point exceed a coherence length of the propagating optical beams in the beam steering and out-coupling region so as to increase uniformity of output optical beams and thereby reduce optical interference.

US Pat. No. 10,429,643

IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE, METHOD OF CONTROLLING IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE, COMPUTER PROGRAM, AND IMAGE DISPLAY SYSTEM

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A head-mounted display device comprising:a camera that picks up an outside scene image;
a transmissive-type display configured to display virtual imagery while allowing real world scenery to be seen through the transmissive-type display; and
a processor or application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) configured to:
establish connections between the head-mounted display device and a plurality of external devices, respectively, the plurality of external devices being provided respective markers;
for each one of the plurality of external devices that a connection is established for:
acquire, from the one of the plurality of external devices that the connection is established for, information identifying the one of the plurality of external devices that the connection is established for;
generate, based on the information identifying the one of the plurality of external devices that the connection is established for, an identification image for distinguishing the one of the plurality of external devices that the connection is established for from the other plurality of external devices connected to the head-mounted display device, wherein the identification image comprises a frame image of a screen including multiple contents for operating the one of the plurality of external devices displayed by the one of the plurality of external devices; and
cut the connection between the head-mounted display device and the one of the plurality of external devices that the connection was established for;
generate a first integrated image including a first display region including the identification images generated for each of the plurality of external devices that were connected to the head-mounted display device organized as a list, each identification image identifying one of the plurality of external devices that were connected to the head-mounted display device;
cause the transmissive-type display to display the first integrated image;
detect one of the markers in the outside scene image captured by the camera;
make a selection of one of the plurality of external devices based on the detected marker;
generate a second integrated image including another first display region including another plurality of identification images organized as another list, and a second display region where a display image is displayed by:
requesting the display image from the selected one of the plurality of external devices;
receiving the display image, which is a frame image obtained by the selected one of the plurality of external devices by rendering an image of a display screen of the selected one of the plurality of external devices that is currently displayed, wherein the respective identification images are superimposed on the display image in the second integrated image; and
cause the transmissive-type display to display the second integrated image.

US Pat. No. 10,429,642

HEAD-UP DISPLAY DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A head-up display device installed in a vehicle, comprising:a projector that projects a display light image representing vehicle-related information related to the vehicle;
an optical unit that includes a drivable reflecting mirror, which reflects the display light image projected by the projector, and that adjusts a virtual image display position, where a virtual image of the display light image reflected by the reflecting mirror is displayed, by drive of the reflecting mirror;
a stepping motor that rotates to drive the reflecting mirror;
a reduction gear mechanism that rotatably includes a plurality of transmission gears, which decelerate the rotation of the stepping motor and transmit the rotation to the reflecting mirror;
a resilient member that generates a restoring force in a direction that the plurality of transmission gears are engaged with each other; and
a control unit that controls a rotational position of the stepping motor in accordance with an adjustment command by an occupant of the vehicle, wherein:
at least one of the plurality of transmission gears that is predicted to incur a creep deformation is defined as a specific gear;
an environmental temperature of the specific gear, at which the specific gear is predicted to incur the creep deformation, is defined as a predicted deformation temperature;
a deviation predicted to be caused at the virtual image display position by the creep deformation at the predicted deformation temperature is defined as a predicted display deviation; and
the control unit corrects the rotational position in a direction to reduce the predicted display deviation when the environmental temperature rises to the predicted deformation temperature or higher.

US Pat. No. 10,429,641

LIGHT-ENHANCED SELF-CLEANING FILM SYSTEM AND METHOD OF FORMING SAME

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A self-cleaning film system comprising:a substrate;
a film disposed on the substrate and including:
a monolayer formed from a fluorinated material selected from the group consisting of fluorinated organic compounds, fluorinated inorganic compounds, and combinations thereof; and
a first plurality of regions disposed within the monolayer and spaced apart from one another such that each of the first plurality of regions abuts, is surrounded by, and is not covered by the fluorinated material, wherein each of the first plurality of regions includes a photocatalytic material; and
a wave guide disposed adjacent the substrate and including:
a first light source configured for emitting a first portion of electromagnetic radiation towards the film, wherein the first portion of electromagnetic radiation has an ultraviolet wavelength of from 10 nm to 400 nm; and
a second light source configured for emitting a second portion of electromagnetic radiation towards the film, wherein the second portion of electromagnetic radiation has an infrared wavelength of from 700 nm to 1 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,429,636

ILLUMINATION DEVICE AND IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS

Sony Corporation, (JP)

1. A light source device comprising:an excitation light source configured to emit excitation light having a spectrum with a peak wavelength within a first wavelength range;
a wheel unit including:
a fluorescent substance, responsive to being irradiated with the excitation light, configured to emit emission light having a spectrum with a peak wavelength within a second wavelength range which is different from the first wavelength range,
a reflector configured to reflect the emission light emitted from the fluorescent substance, and
a reflection prevention substance provided at an incidence side of the excitation light of the fluorescent substance; and
an optical condenser configured to condense the excitation light emitted from the excitation light source,
wherein the excitation light is incident at an angle of less than 20 degrees or less for the wheel unit.

US Pat. No. 10,429,635

COLOR CHANGEABLE OPTICAL FILTER AND EYEGLASSES INCLUDING SAME

MITSUI CHEMICALS, INC., ...

1. A color changeable optical filter for eyeglasses, comprising:two or more polarizers each containing a dichromatic pigment; and
a frame that supports the two or more polarizers,
wherein relative rotation of either a polarization plane of light entering at least one of the two or more polarizers or a polarization plane of light exiting at least one of the two or more polarizers changes hue or chroma of transmitted light through the optical filter, and at least one of the two or more polarizers is a chromatic polarizer of which chroma C* is 10 or more, and
wherein the relative rotation of the polarization plane is mechanical rotation of at least one of the two or more polarizers itself.

US Pat. No. 10,429,632

MICROSCOPY SYSTEM, MICROSCOPY METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM

Olympus Corporation, Tok...

1. A microscopy system, comprising:an image sensor configured to acquire slice images generated by capturing an object image while shifting a focal position along an optical axis of an observation optical system included in a microscope; and
a controller comprising hardware, the controller being configured to:
relatively shift, with respect to one slice image among the slice images, another slice image in a plane including the one slice image;
generate all-in-focus images by combining the one slice image and the other slice image relatively shifted with respect to the one slice image under conditions in which shift amounts of the other slice image with respect to the one slice image are different;
determine an area selected from any one of the all-in-focus images as an observation area in accordance with a performed operation;
extract an area corresponding to the observation area from another all-in-focus image other than the all-in-focus image from which the observation area is selected, and extract a slice image including the observation area from the slice images, based on a shift amount between a position of the observation area in the all-in-focus image from which the observation area is selected and a position of the area in the other all-in-focus image from which the area is extracted; and
display the all-in-focus images.

US Pat. No. 10,429,631

IMAGE-AQUISITION SYSTEM

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. An image-acquisition system comprising:an image-acquisition portion that acquires an image of a specimen;
a first image-acquisition control portion that controls the image-acquisition portion so as to acquire, at a first image-capturing magnification, a first image that includes a plurality of study regions in the specimen;
a target-region specifying portion that is operable by a user to specify a desired study region as a target region by means of unique identification information assigned to the individual study regions;
a position-calculating portion that calculates a spatial position of the target region specified by the target-region specifying portion based on the first image acquired by the image-acquisition portion and a reference image having positional information of the individual study regions; and
a second image-acquisition control portion that controls, based on the spatial position of the target region calculated by the position-calculating portion, the image-acquisition portion so as to acquire a second image of the target region in the specimen at a second image-capturing magnification which is a magnification that is greater than the first image-capturing magnification ,
wherein the first image-acquisition control portion controls the image-acquisition portion so as to acquire a plurality of the first images, positions of which are shifted stepwise in an optical-axis direction in the specimen at a first pitch, and
wherein the second image-acquisition control portion controls the image-acquisition portion so as to acquire a plurality of the second images, positions of which are shifted stepwise in the optical-axis direction in the specimen at a second pitch that is finer than the first pitch.