US Pat. No. 10,462,117

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AUTHENTICATING A SURROUNDING WEB APPLICATION BY A WEB APPLICATION THAT IS TO BE EMBEDDED

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for authenticating a surrounding first Web application by a second Web application before embedding the second Web application in the surrounding first Web application, the surrounding first Web application being executed in a browser, the second Web application after being embedded in the surrounding first Web application being executed in a separate execution and display area of the surrounding first Web application, the surrounding first Web application being provided by at least one first Web server, and the second Web application subsequent to being embedded in the surrounding first Web application being provided by at least one second Web server, the method comprising:authenticating the surrounding first Web application to the second Web application before embedding the second Web application in the first Web application, a first key utilized during the authentication being stored in the at least one first Web server, the first key utilized during the authentication being allocated to the surrounding first Web application the first key being utilized to sign the authentication messages utilized by the at least one second Web server, and the first key remaining within the at least one first Web server at all times;
exchanging the authentication messages signed via the first key between the at least one first Web server and the at least one second Web server via the browser; and
activating the second Web application only in an event of successful authentication or authorization.

US Pat. No. 10,462,115

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR NON-REPLAYABLE COMMUNICATION SESSIONS

Dropbox, Inc., San Franc...

1. A system comprising:at least one processor communicating with at least a first device and a second device over at least one network; and
a non-transitory computer-readable storage medium storing instructions which, when executed by the at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to perform operations comprising:
registering, with the system, the first device having a first identity key pair, wherein the first identity key pair comprises a first public identity key and a first private identity key;
receiving, at the system from the first device, a communication request, the communication request specifying the second device, the second device having a second identity key pair, wherein the second identity key pair comprises a second public identity key and a second private identity key;
in response to the communication request, initiating, by the system, a communication session between the first device and the second device;
performing, by the system, a key exchange session between the first device and the second device;
conducting, by the system, a communication session between the first device and the second device by exchanging an encrypted message, wherein the encrypted message is (1) encrypted by the first device using a second public session key or (2) encrypted by the second device using a first public session key;
during the communication session, refreshing at least one of the first public session key and the second public session key to eliminate access to the encrypted message previously transmitted between the first device and the second device; and
continuing, by the system, the communication between the first device and the second device by exchanging a new encrypted message, wherein the new encrypted message is encrypted by the first device using a refreshed second public session key or encrypted by the second device using a refreshed first public session key.

US Pat. No. 10,462,107

COMPUTER-IMPLEMENTED SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ANALYZING DATA QUALITY

Palo Alto Research Center...

1. A computer-implemented system for analyzing data quality, comprising:memory storing a dataset comprising attributes each associated with one or more elements;
a client comprising an interest vector module to receive from a user a request for determining data quality of at least one attribute of the dataset based on an interest vector comprising a listing of the elements of that attribute and a selection of one or more of the elements as elements of interest, wherein the client generates the interest vector from one of a hashmap and a histogram and each element is encrypted; and
a server, comprising:
a condensed vector module to populate a condensed vector comprising the same listing of elements as the interest vector with occurrence frequencies for each of the listed elements;
an encryption module to encrypt the elements of the condensed vector by computing an encrypted product of each element in the condensed vector and the corresponding element of the interest vector;
an aggregate module to determine an aggregate based on the encrypted products of each element of the interest vector and the corresponding element of the condensed vector; and
providing the aggregate as results of the data quality request.

US Pat. No. 10,462,106

SOFTWARE DEFINED NETWORK ROUTING FOR SECURED COMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION SECURITY

Bank of America Corporati...

1. A network routing system comprising:a routing device comprising a network routing engine implemented by a processer, configured to:
configure data traffic routing for a network device within a private network using private links, wherein:
private links allow signal communications between the network device and other devices in the private network; and
configuring data traffic routing for the network device within the private network blocks the network device from communicating with other network devices in a public network;
receive an access request requesting access data content at a destination address in the public network from the network device, wherein the access request comprises the destination address for the data content in the public network;
send the access request to a proxy server in the private network;
receive an access request response from the proxy server, wherein the access request response indicates an approval for accessing the data content at the destination address;
send the access request response to the network device, wherein the access request response comprises the approval for accessing the data content at the destination address;
receive an access approval message from the network device, wherein the access approval message comprises the approval for accessing the data content at the destination address;
configure data traffic routing between the network device and the destination address using public links in response to receiving the access approval message, wherein:
public links allow signal communications between the network device and a device associated with the destination address in the public network; and
configuring data traffic routing between the network device and the destination address bypasses the proxy server; and
communicate data traffic between the network device and the destination address using public links; and
the proxy server in signal communications with the routing device, configured to:
receive the access request;
determine whether content associated with the access request satisfies a set of access rules;
generate the access request response in response to determining the content associated with the access request satisfies the set of access rules; and
send the access request response.

US Pat. No. 10,462,097

SPACE TIME REGION BASED COMMUNICATIONS

INBUBBLES INC., Ottawa, ...

1. An apparatus suitable for space time region based communications for communicating at least one message between a first user and another second user, the apparatus comprising:a processor;
a communications interface; and
a computer readable memory, including:
a space time module including:
data structures that include spatio temporal information that are read and written by the processor, the spatio temporal information including at least one space time record including a location portion and a time portion defining a spatio temporal coordinate, the space time record further including at least one of a device UUID, an Agent type and an Other Information, the spatio temporal information further including a space time region defining a volume of space and time dimensions considered together; and
computer readable instructions that are read and executed by the processor for:
determining whether space time region criteria are met, the space time region based criteria including:
determining that the location portion and the time portion of the spatio temporal coordinate is deemed to be inside the volume of space and time dimensions considered together of the space time region, and
determining that the time portion of the spatio temporal information coordinate includes at least a time in the future; and
if it is determined that the space time region criteria are met, communicating the at least one message by one of sending and receiving via the communications interface using at least one of a device UUID, an Agent type and an Other Information;
thereby only communicating the at least one message between the first user and the second user if the location portion and time portion of the space time record are within the volume of space and time dimensions of the space time region considered together.

US Pat. No. 10,462,094

SYNDICATED CLOUD-BASED NOTIFICATION AS A SERVICE

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented method for notifying of content changes, comprising:monitoring, by a computer processor, a content source of a content provider, wherein the monitoring comprises:
periodically reading a Notification as a Service (NaaS) extension in a Rich Site Summary (RSS) feed associated with the content source, wherein the NaaS extension in the RSS feed further provides a set of available notification options and wherein the NaaS extension defines a current schema defining a plurality of interest categories of the content source;
identifying a schema change in the content source, based on the periodically reading the NaaS extension, wherein the schema change is associated with a first interest category of the plurality of interest categories of the content source;
in response to identifying the schema change in the content source, based on the periodically reading the NaaS extension, identifying a user subscribed to receive notifications of content changes in the first interest category; and
storing the set of available notification options in a schema storage;
transmitting the set of notification options to an interest widget displayed in association with the content source;
receiving from the user at the interest widget a selection of a first notification option among the set of available notification options; and
notifying the user of changes in the plurality of interest categories at the content source, responsive to the schema change identified from the periodically reading of the Naas extension, wherein the notifying the user of the schema change comprises using the first notification option, responsive to the user's selection of the first notification option.

US Pat. No. 10,462,088

PROVIDING SOCIAL INSIGHT IN EMAIL

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A computing device for providing a social insight in an email, the computing device comprising:a memory configured to store instructions associated with a communication application;
one or more processors coupled to the memory, the one or more processors executing the communication application in conjunction with the instructions stored in the memory, wherein the one or more processors are configured to:
transmit the email to one or more recipients;
receive information associated with one or more actions performed by a group of the one or more recipients on the email from a tracking service, wherein the one or more actions are tracked by the tracking service in real time and include a reading status of the email by each recipient in the group of the one or more recipients on the email; and
provide to be displayed, on a user interface of the communication application that is displaying the email, feedback based on the information associated with the one or more actions performed by the group of the one or more recipients on the email, the feedback including an element within a body of the email based on the feedback, the element activatable by a user to perform an action with respect to the email from within the email, wherein, in response to the reading status of the email being unread and deleted for a predetermined subset of the group of the one or more recipients, automatically setting the action performed in response to activation of the element to a delete action of the email.

US Pat. No. 10,462,066

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REORDERING DATA RADIO BEARER PACKETS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

15. An apparatus for wireless communication, comprising:a communication interface configured to communicate with a receiving device;
a memory stored with executable code; and
a processor operatively coupled to the communication interface and memory,
wherein the processor is configured by the executable code to:
establish a data radio bearer (DRB) with the receiving device; and
transmit a plurality of first packets to the receiving device utilizing the DRB,
the plurality of first packets comprising a plurality of packets corresponding to a first flow and a plurality of packets corresponding to a second flow separate from the first flow,
a packet of the plurality of first packets comprising a sequence number and a last packet indicator, the last packet indicator configurable to a first value indicating no buffering of the packet and a second value indicating a previously transmitted packet of a same flow of the packet to reduce head-of-line blocking at the receiving device between the first flow and the second flow due to missing packets.

US Pat. No. 10,462,056

DATA PACKET FORWARDING METHOD, NETWORK ADAPTER, HOST DEVICE, AND COMPUTER SYSTEM

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A data packet forwarding method, comprising:receiving, by a network adapter, mapping relationship information sent by a host device, wherein the network adapter is connected to the host device, the host device comprises a first virtual machine (VM), the first VM comprises N virtual network interface cards (vNICs), and the network adapter comprises a first virtual function (VF) allocated to the first VM, wherein N is an integer greater than 1, wherein the mapping relationship information is used to indicate a one-to-one mapping relationship between N queue pairs among queues configured for the first VF and the N vNICs, and each of the N queue pairs is used to forward a data packet of a vNIC corresponding to the queue pair;
recording, by the network adapter, the mapping relationship information in a forwarding information table; and
forwarding, by the network adapter, data packets of the N vNICs according to the mapping relationship information recorded in the forwarding information table.

US Pat. No. 10,462,055

CONTENT DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM CACHE MANAGEMENT

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a first cache server, a first sync packet from a first server, the first sync packet comprising a first source address, a first destination address, a segment routing address, and a first segment routing index, the segment routing address comprising an ordered list of cache servers where a chunk is to be stored and an address for the chunk, the first segment routing index identifying a next destination address, the first cache server being a first entry in the ordered list;
obtaining, by the first cache server, the address for the chunk by parsing the first sync packet;
determining, by the first cache server, that the chunk is not stored on the first cache server, wherein determining that the chunk is not stored on the first cache server comprises using the address for the chunk;
opening, in response to determining that the chunk is not stored on the cache server, a connection between a first server and the first cache server;
receiving, by the first cache server, the chunk over the connection;
caching, by the first cache server, the chunk on the first cache server;
creating, by the first cache server, a second sync packet comprising a second source address, a second destination address, the segment routing address, and a second segment routing index, the segment routing address comprising the ordered list of the cache servers where the chunk is to be cached, the second destination address corresponding to a second cache server associated with a second entry on the ordered list, and the second segment routing index identifying a different next destination address; and
sending, by the first cache server, the second sync packet to the second cache server.

US Pat. No. 10,462,038

CONTROL APPARATUS, COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, TUNNEL ENDPOINT CONTROL METHOD, AND PROGRAM

NEC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A control apparatus, comprising:a memory storing instructions; and
a processor configured to execute program instructions to:
detect, based on an analysis of an identifier of a packet transmitted from a first virtual machine, that the first virtual machine has been connected to a first tunnel endpoint which functions as an endpoint of a virtual tunnel;
determine a virtual network including whether the first virtual machine belongs to the virtual network based on information in which virtual machines and the virtual network are associated with each other; and
set connection between the first tunnel endpoint and the determined virtual network when the first tunnel endpoint has not joined in the determined virtual network,
wherein the virtual tunnel is used for communicating between the first virtual machine and a second virtual machine connected to a second tunnel endpoint, through the determined virtual network, the first tunnel endpoint being opposite to the second tunnel endpoint, and
wherein the first virtual machine and the second virtual machine belong to the determined virtual network.

US Pat. No. 10,462,026

PROBABILISTIC CLASSIFYING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A DISTRIBUTED COMPUTING ENVIRONMENT

1. A probabilistic classifying system for a distributed computing environment, the system comprising:a computing system comprising at least one processor and at least one memory to store instructions that are executed by the at least one processor to:
train a probabilistic model using machine learning by using one of predefined health values from a manufacturer of the distributed computing environment and a customer survey obtained from a plurality of users of the distributed computing environment to generate the probabilistic model;
obtain in real-time a plurality of measured values associated with operation of a plurality of resources of a distributed computing environment;
convert and normalize each of the plurality of measured values having a first, disparate format to a second, common format that may analyzed by the probabilistic classifying system;
generate a health metric assessment using a probabilistic classifier, the health metric assessment comprising one of a plurality of finite health metric assessments, wherein the probabilistic classifier generates the health metric assessment according to the obtained plurality of measured values, the probabilistic model, and a statistical inference upon at least a portion of a plurality of previously obtained measured values of the resources of the distributed computing environment having the second, common format; and
perform at least one remedial action when the health metric assessment exceeds a specified threshold, the at least one remedial action comprising displaying a message on a user interface, displaying a selectable button on the user interface that alerts that the health metric assessment exceeds the specified threshold, and automatically modifying at least one particular resource of the plurality of resources of the distributed computing environment.

US Pat. No. 10,462,018

MANAGING A NUMBER OF SECONDARY CLOUDS BY A MASTER CLOUD SERVICE MANAGER

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A method of managing a number of secondary clouds by a master cloud service manager, comprising:coupling a first cloud that is a public cloud comprising the master cloud service manager to a secondary cloud that is a private cloud comprising a child cloud service manager;
querying, via the master cloud service manager, the child cloud service manager for a plurality of instantiated services offered to the master cloud service manager, wherein a portion of the plurality of instantiated services are from other cloud service managers managed by the child cloud service manager:
remotely installing the child cloud service manager via a virtual appliance using a virtual appliance key where an instantiated service of the plurality of instantiated services of the secondary cloud is viewable on the first cloud:
controlling, by the master cloud service manager, the child cloud service manager of the secondary cloud and the plurality of instantiated services on the secondary cloud selected from a catalog including the plurality of instantiated services offered to the master cloud service manager; and
selecting the instantiated service wherein details of the selected instantiated service are customized via the catalog.

US Pat. No. 10,462,016

COMMUNICATION CONTROL SYSTEM, COMMUNICATION CONTROL METHOD, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

NEC CORPORATION, Minao-k...

1. A communication control system comprising:a memory storing instructions; and
one or more processors configured to execute the instructions to:
obtain, based on a load status of a control device that controls nodes included in a network and receives a content of a control signal sent and received between the nodes as a status notification signal, a capability for processing the status notification signal;
determine, based on network status information related to communication on the network, area segments each including an arbitrarily number of the nodes; and
calculate, based on the capability, a sending interval of the status notification signals of the nodes for each of the area segments, and send the sending interval to the nodes included in the corresponding area segment, wherein
the sending interval is calculated based on a relation and a condition, the relation being that a total value multiplied by a predetermined coefficient is equal to the capability, the total value being a total of values that each of the values is obtained by dividing a number of the nodes included in each of the area segments by the sending interval for the corresponding area segment, the condition being a condition of a length relation of the sending interval between the area segments.

US Pat. No. 10,462,014

POSITIONING NETWORK DEVICES

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method comprising:receiving, at data processing hardware, network parameters for a network, the network parameters comprising user locations, the network comprising:
at least one network backhaul;
relay devices in communication with the network backhaul; and
end devices in communication with the relay devices or the network backhaul, the end devices configured to wirelessly communicate with user devices at the corresponding user locations;
determining, by the data processing hardware, corresponding installation locations for the end devices based on the network parameters;
determining, by the data processing hardware, corresponding installation locations for the relay devices based on the network parameters;
determining, by the data processing hardware, communication connections between at least one of:
the end devices and the user devices;
the relay devices and the at least one network backhaul;
the relay devices and the end devices; or
the end devices and the at least one network backhaul; and
generating, by the data processing hardware, a network topology indicating:
the determined corresponding installation locations for the relay devices and the end devices; and
the determined communication connections.

US Pat. No. 10,462,000

MICRO-SERVICES FOR CONFIGURING SWITCHES

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A method comprising:exposing, in a virtual device, a plurality of stored micro-services, wherein each of the micro-services comprises at least one generic configuration primitive to configure a plurality of switches, and wherein the at least one generic configuration primitive comprises the smallest granular configuration element to modify a specific configuration of the plurality of switches;
receiving, in the virtual device, a call comprising configuration parameters, wherein the call is to a particular micro-service from the plurality of micro-services stored in the virtual device and to a particular switch from a plurality of switches;
detecting, by the virtual device, a switch driver corresponding to the particular switch, wherein each switch driver comprises configuration commands to implement the respective at least one configuration primitive of the respective micro-service; and
calling, via the particular micro-service, the respective at least one configuration primitive on the respective switch driver based on the respective configuration parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,461,998

PE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ADVERTISING INFORMATION ABOUT PE DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method for advertising information about a first provider edge (PE) device in a Border Gateway Protocol-based multicast virtual private network (BGP-based MVPN), the method comprising:receiving, by the first PE device, configuration information describing a role and a working status of the first PE device as a node in the BGP-based MVPN that supports point-to-multipoint tunneling among nodes forming the BGP-based MVPN;
generating, by the first PE device, a BGP update message, including network layer reachability information (NLRI) comprising an IP address of the first PE device, an identifier of the BGP-based MVPN, and the role of the first PE device and working status of the first PE device,
wherein the role of the first PE device in the BGP-based MVPN is at least one of a root node and a leaf node, and the working status is either active or standby;
determining, by the first PE device, an IP address of an active leaf node in the BGP-based MVPN that is protected by the first PE device when the role of the first PE device is the leaf node and the working status of the first PE device is standby; and
sending, by the first PE device, the BGP update message in the BGP-based MVPN in a first or second manner, depending on whether the role of the first PE device is a root or leaf node in the BGP-based MVPN,
wherein the first manner includes sending the BGP update message without prompting by another node in the BGP-based MVPN and the second manner includes sending the BGP message after receiving a message from an active root node in the BGP-based MVPN,
wherein the BGP update message is sent in the first manner and comprises the IP address of the active leaf node when the first PE device determines that the role of the first PE device is the leaf node and the working status of the first PE device is standby, and
wherein sending the BGP update message in the first manner comprises (a) first information indicating that the BGP update message carries the role of the first PE device and the working status of the first PE device, (b) a route distinguisher (RD) of an instance of the BGP-based MVPN on the first PE device, and (c) the RD is used as the identifier of the BGP-based MVPN.

US Pat. No. 10,461,994

METHOD FOR RESPONSE TO BEAM FAILURE RECOVERY REQUEST

Futurewei Technologies, I...

1. A method for beam failure recovery in user equipment, comprising:sending a beam failure recovery request (BFRR) to a base station upon detection of a beam failure between the base station and the user equipment; and
monitoring one or more candidate beams in which to receive from the base station a BFRR response that is spatially quasi co-located with the BFRR, and the monitoring is performed with a time offset relative to the BFRR.

US Pat. No. 10,461,993

NETWORK HUB SITE REDUNDANCY AND FAILOVER

CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC., ...

1. A method, comprising:receiving a hub ID configuration preference message from a control device, wherein the hub ID configuration preference message includes an order in which to connect to network hubs that are associated with the hub IDs;
selecting a first hub ID from the hub ID configuration preference message based on a first connection priority having a higher priority as compared to a second connection priority;
identifying a first set of network hubs that are associated with the first hub ID;
sending a first advertisement message to the first set of network hubs;
establishing a connection with at least one network hub associated with the first hub ID;
in response to identifying a triggering event, selecting a second hub ID from the hub ID configuration preference message;
identifying a second set of network hubs that are associated with the second hub ID;
sending a second advertisement message to the second set of network hubs; and
establishing a connection with at least one network hub associated with the second hub ID.

US Pat. No. 10,461,987

VOICE AND TEXT DATA SERVICE FOR MOBILE SUBSCRIBERS

iVent Mobile B.V., Laren...

1. Method for enabling voice and text data service from a public communication network to a mobile subscriber device, comprisingauthenticating the mobile subscriber device using a home location register and/or authentication center associated with the mobile subscriber device, while the mobile subscriber device is in reach of an access point associated with a data network,
wherein authenticating comprises
receiving an identity response from the mobile subscriber device in response to an identity request packet sent from the access point to the mobile subscriber device;
forwarding the identity response to the home location register and/or authentication center; and receiving identification triplets in response;
challenging the mobile subscriber device using the identification triplets, and receiving a challenge response from a subscriber identity module SIM of the mobile subscriber device, the challenge response including the international mobile subscriber identity IMSI;
storing the IMSI in a visitor location register and attaching the visitor location register to the home location register;and further comprisingconversion of voice and text data service between a first data format suitable for the public communication network and a second data format suitable for the data network, and
providing a communication path for the voice and text data service to the mobile subscriber device,wherein providing a communication path for the voice service to the mobile subscriber device is implemented using session initiation protocol SIP and a SIP Registrar comprised by an Intelligent Subscriber Management Unit comprising the visitor location register.

US Pat. No. 10,461,982

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING CARRIER FREQUENCY OFFSET WITH TIMING SYNCHRONIZATION IN WIRELESS RECEIVER

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method for estimating carrier frequency offset (CFO) with timing synchronization in a wireless receiver, the method comprising:receiving analog-to-digital converter (ADC) samples;
determining a coarse angle from the received ADC samples based on an angle between two ADC samples separated by a predetermined time duration;
obtaining an improved coarse angle by altering the determined coarse angle based on a ratio of a full preamble duration and the predetermined time duration;
determining a base CFO estimate based on the improved coarse angle;
determining a plurality of candidate CFOs based on the base CFO estimate and a difference frequency; and
determining the CFO and the timing synchronization using the plurality of candidate CFOs.

US Pat. No. 10,461,979

SUBFRAME STRUCTURE FOR DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM (DFT) SPREAD ORTHOGONAL FREQUENCY DIVISION MULTIPLEXING (S-OFDM) WAVEFORMS

INTEL IP CORPORATION, Sa...

1. An apparatus of a base station operable to encode guard interval (GI) discrete Fourier transform (DFT) spread orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) (GI-DFT-s-OFDM) data symbols for transmission to a user equipment (UE), the base station comprising:one or more processors configured to:
identify, at the base station, GI-DFT-s-OFDM data symbols for transmission to the UE; and
encode, at the base station, the GI-DFT-s-OFDM data symbols for transmission to the UE in a subframe, wherein the subframe is in accordance with a flexible subframe structure that begins with a demodulation reference signal (DMRS) sequence followed by a GI sequence in a first symbol of the subframe, and further comprises one or more subsequent symbols in the subframe that each include a GI-DFT-s-OFDM data symbol followed by a GI sequence; and
a memory interface configured to retrieve from a memory the GI-DFT-s-OFDM data symbols for transmission to the UE.

US Pat. No. 10,461,975

DYNAMIC CYCLIC PREFIX (CP) LENGTH IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication by a node, the method comprising:receiving a dynamic indication configured to recommend at least one of cyclic prefix (CP) length or tone spacing from a scheduling entity;
determining at least one of a CP length or a tone spacing for a signal for a communication link based on the dynamic indication; and
communicating the signal utilizing the determined at least one of the CP length or the tone spacing, with the scheduling entity via the communication link.

US Pat. No. 10,461,971

IC CARD, PORTABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE, PROGRAM, PROCESSING APPARATUS, AND PROCESSING SYSTEM

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An IC card that executes a command from a processing apparatus, the IC card comprising:an interface that transmits and receives data to and from the processing apparatus;
a processor that transmits, through the interface, data in a first frame not comprising a start code or an end code upon receiving, through the interface, a first command requesting transmission of data in the first frame; and
a storage unit that stores a flag indicating whether the start code and the end code are necessary or not;
wherein the processor:
sets, in the flag, a value indicating that the start code and the end code are unnecessary upon receiving the first command;
transmits data in the first frame to the processing apparatus if the value indicating the unnecessity of the start code and the end code is set in the flag; and
transmits data in a second frame comprising the start code upon receiving a second command requesting the start code through the interface; and
the second frame does not comprise the end code.

US Pat. No. 10,461,969

SAMPLER REFERENCE LEVEL, DC OFFSET, AND AFE GAIN ADAPTATION FOR PAM-N RECEIVER

Rambus Inc., Sunnyvale, ...

1. A method for adapting one or more reference voltages in a receiver, the method comprising:receiving a first decoded data symbol at a first sample time, an edge symbol at an edge sample time following the first sample time, and a second decoded data symbol at a second sample time following the edge sample time;
determining, based on the first decoded data symbol, the second decoded data symbol, and the edge symbol, if a transition from the first decoded data symbol to the second data symbol meets transition criteria; and
responsive to determining that the transition meets the transition criteria, adjusting the one or more reference voltages based on the transition.

US Pat. No. 10,461,965

ACTIVE LOW-POWER TERMINATION

Western Digital Technolog...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a first termination circuit, comprising:
a first leg including:
an input node;
a first transistor connected between a high voltage supply level and the input node; and
a second transistor connected between the input node and a low voltage supply level;
a second leg including:
an intermediate node;
a third transistor connected between the high voltage supply level and the intermediate node, the third transistor being diode connected and having a gate connected to a gate of the first transistor;
a fourth transistor connected between the intermediate node and the low voltage supply level, the fourth transistor being diode connected and having a gate connected to a gate of the second transistor; and
a variable current source connected in series with the third and fourth transistor between the high voltage supply level and the low voltage supply level; and
a difference amplifier having a first input connected to the intermediate node, a second input connected to a reference level intermediate to the high voltage supply level and low voltage supply level, and an output configured to control a current level through the variable current source based on the first input and the second input.

US Pat. No. 10,461,963

TWO-DIMENSIONAL FILTERING OF PILOTS AND CARRIERS FOR OFDM CHANNEL ESTIMATION

Silicon Laboratories Inc....

1. A method comprising:generating a two-dimensionally filtered pilot tone based on a plurality of received pilot tones received using a first subcarrier of each of a plurality of received orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) symbols and a plurality of data symbols received using a second subcarrier of each of the plurality of received OFDM symbols, the plurality of received OFDM symbols being received sequentially over a plurality of OFDM symbol times,
wherein the generating comprises:
filtering with respect to a first dimension, signals based on the plurality of received OFDM symbols to generate a first filtered signal; and
filtering with respect to a second dimension, signals based on the first filtered signal to generate the two-dimensionally filtered pilot tone,
wherein the first dimension and the second dimension are frequency and time, respectively, or the first dimension and the second dimension are time and frequency, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,461,959

PROGRAMMABLE INFRASTRUCTURE GATEWAY FOR ENABLING HYBRID CLOUD SERVICES IN A NETWORK ENVIRONMENT

CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC., ...

1. A method for controlling a gateway to facilitate communications between a public cloud and a private cloud in a hybrid cloud, the gateway configured to generate a plurality of cloud adapters using a cloud adapter software development kit (SDK), the method comprising:generating, using the cloud adapter SDK with proprietary cloud orchestration code of a platform of the public cloud, a specific cloud adapter tailored to work exclusively with a specific public cloud platform of the public cloud;
receiving a hybrid cloud instruction from a hybrid cloud application executing in the private cloud;
interpreting, using the specific cloud adapter generated via the cloud adapter SDK, the hybrid cloud instruction according to a hybrid cloud application programming interface (API) to yield an interpreted hybrid cloud instruction;
receiving a management instruction from a public cloud management portal associated with the public cloud;
interpreting the management instruction according to a cloud management API to yield an interpreted management instruction; and
executing the interpreted hybrid cloud instruction and the interpreted management instruction in the public cloud using the specific cloud adapter.

US Pat. No. 10,461,954

INTELLIGENT EQUIPMENT SEQUENCING

OPTIMUM ENERGY LLC, Seat...

1. An equipment-sequencing processing device configured to execute a method for sequencing HVAC equipment in an HVAC system, the method comprising:acquiring a plurality of inputs including historical weather data and data representing at least one future time period of interest;
determining energy efficiencies for the HVAC equipment;
acquiring weather prediction data associated with the at least one future time period of interest;
using the inputs, energy efficiencies and weather prediction data, computing an expected future load for the HVAC equipment;
using the inputs, energy efficiencies, weather prediction data and expected future load, employing an analytical computational model to determine predicted energy efficiencies for the HVAC equipment;
determining an initial sequence of operation of the HVAC equipment configured to provide an optimized energy efficiency for the HVAC system;
determining the availability of the HVAC equipment included in the initial order based on an operating status for one or more of the HVAC equipment;
determining, based on the determination of availability of the HVAC equipment, a final sequence of the HVAC equipment; and
providing the final sequence to a building automation system for controlling the HVAC system in accordance with the final sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,461,952

SCALABLE SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR MONITORING AND CONTROLLING A SANITARY FACILITY USING DISTRIBUTED CONNECTED DEVICES

1. A scalable home automation system for monitoring, managing and controlling a sanitary facility and elements that comprise said sanitary facility by one or several connected devices that communicate with one another through a system network, said system network able to be physically divided into several sub-networks, comprising one or more of:a wireless network, the wireless network using a wireless protocol comprising one or more of Zigbee, Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi), or Internet Protocol version 6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Networks (6LoWPAN);
a wired network, the wired network using a wired protocol comprising one or more of Ethernet, or HomePlug; or
a mobile network, the mobile network using a mobile protocol comprising one or more of General Packet Radio Service (GPRS), Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS), or Long-Term Evolution (LTE); andsaid one or several connected devices comprises:one or more hardware and software to establish a connection over an internet network through the system network;
an electronic interface comprising:
a logic processing unit configured to execute a software that allows the logic processing unit to carry out its function or functions;
hardware and software to communicate with the other connected devices of said system through the system network;
hardware and software to ensure a repeater functionality in order to extend a range of at least one signal over a transmission support of the system network to provide interconnection of the connected devices;
hardware and software to ensure a gateway functionality in order to interconnect two sub-system networks each using a different protocol;
hardware and software in order to communicate with one or more remote terminals that are connected to the Internet, the remote terminals comprising one or more of Smartphones, touchscreen tablets, computers, or servers;
hardware and software in order to carry out its function or functions by using information communicated by other connected devices;
hardware and software configured to carry out its function or functions by using the information or commands communicated by the remote terminals connected to the Internet;
hardware and software configured to transmit alert messages or information to the remote terminals; andwherein the system is configured to:react to signals sent by one of the connected devices indicating that a valve has not closed or to signals sent by one or more connected devices indicating that at least one of the connected device has detected humidity, and said reaction comprises closing the valve and sending a “closing” alert over the system network;
measure a flow rate (D) supplied by a flow rate sensor;
verify the flow rate (D)>0 l/min and returning to the react step otherwise;
verify that the valve is not closed which means that it is in fault and switch directly to send a “closing fault” alert so as to alert the connected device;
calculate a residual flow rate (Dj), wherein the residual flow rate (Dj)=the flow rate (D)?a sum of flow rates measured by a flow rate sensor recorded in a list “od” (?Di);
verify that the residual flow rate (Dj) is greater than 0; and
apply an alert method as a parameter of the residual flow rate (Dj) on the basis of a determination that the residual flow rate (Dj) is not in a normal operating zone.

US Pat. No. 10,461,950

PREVENTING TRANSMISSION OF DUPLICATE NOTIFICATIONS TO MULTIPLE APPLICATIONS ON A CLIENT DEVICE

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A computer-implemented method for preventing a user-activity event from triggering transmission of duplicative notifications to multiple applications that are installed on a client device, the computer-implemented method comprising:obtaining subscription data defining a plurality of subscriptions that correspond to the multiple applications, wherein individual subscriptions include trigger criteria defining user activity for triggering transmission of individual notifications to the client device in association with individual applications;
obtaining application priority data that indicates predefined user-activity event characteristics for prioritizing a first application over a second application for transmission of a notification;
receiving event data that indicates characteristics of the user-activity event, wherein the characteristics satisfy first trigger criteria of a first subscription that corresponds to the first application, and second trigger criteria of a second subscription that corresponds to the second application; and
based on the characteristics of the user-activity event corresponding to the predefined user-activity event characteristics:
fulfilling the first subscription to cause transmission of the notification to the client device in association with the first application, and
refraining from fulfilling the second subscription to prevent transmission of a duplicative notification to the client device in association with the second application.

US Pat. No. 10,461,942

MULTI-FACTOR AUTHENTICATION WITH CODE ROTATION

United Services Automobil...

1. A computer-implemented method performed by at least one processor, the method comprising:retrieving, by the at least one processor, a first cryptographic key from data storage on a user device;
generating, by the at least one processor, a first instance of a rotating security code, wherein the rotating security code changes with a periodicity;
signing, by the at least one processor, a first certificate using the first instance of the rotating security code, wherein the first certificate is an assertion that the user device is authorized to access secure information;
encrypting, by the at least one processor with the first cryptographic key, the first certificate signed using the first instance of the rotating security code; and
communicating, by the at least one processor, the encrypted first certificate to a service that verifies, based on the first certificate, that the user device is authorized to access secure information;
generating, by the at least one processor, a second instance of the rotating security code;
signing, by the at least one processor, a second certificate using the second instance of the rotating security code;
encrypting, by the at least one processor with the first cryptographic key, the second certificate signed with the second instance of the rotating security code; and
communicating, by the at least one processor, the encrypted second certificate to the service that verifies, based on the second certificate, that the user device is authorized to access secure information.

US Pat. No. 10,461,934

AUTHENTICATION-BASED MESSAGE DISPLAY METHOD AND COMMUNICATION TERMINAL THEREOF

HUIZHOU TCL MOBILE COMMUN...

1. An authentication-based message display method, comprising:determining, by a communication terminal, whether a received message contains a setting content;
marking, by the communication terminal, the message containing the setting content as an encrypted message;
receiving, by the communication terminal, a display request for the encrypted message;
determining, by the communication terminal, whether an authentication data inputted by a user and matching the encrypted message is obtained; and
displaying, by the communication terminal, the encrypted message matching the authentication data inputted by the user;
wherein after the determining, by the communication terminal, whether the received message contains the setting content, the method further comprises:
blurring contents, sender information and sending time of the received message containing the setting content in an inbox or a chat window; and
displaying, in the inbox or the chat window, only a subject of the received message, wherein the subject of the received message is random words or a part of keywords of the received message.

US Pat. No. 10,461,931

METHOD FOR WATERMARKING CONTENT

Comcast Cable Communicati...

1. A method comprising:based on a number of actual or expected entities requesting content, determining, by a system comprising one or more computing devices, a number of watermarks to apply to the content, wherein the determined number of watermarks is different from the number of actual or expected entities requesting the content;
based on the determined number of watermarks to apply to the content, applying a plurality of watermarks to the content to generate a plurality of watermarked versions, respectively;
accessing a plurality of fragments of the plurality of watermarked versions; and
sending a subset of the plurality of fragments, wherein the subset forms a version of the content.

US Pat. No. 10,461,889

INTERFERENCE AWARE TRANSCEIVER DESIGN FOR HETEROGENEOUS NUMEROLOGY SYSTEMS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication by a base station (BS), comprising:determining presence of a narrow guard band (GB) or lack of a GB to separate a first resource block (RB) used for downlink (DL) transmission from the BS to a first user equipment (UE) using a first numerology and a second RB used for DL transmission from the BS to a second UE using a second numerology; and
in response to the determination, transmitting, to the first UE, interference information associated with the transmission from the BS to the second UE comprising an indication of DL interference on an RB associated with a higher frequency than the first RB.

US Pat. No. 10,461,886

TRANSPORT LAYER IDENTIFYING FAILURE CAUSE AND MITIGATION FOR DETERMINISTIC TRANSPORT ACROSS MULTIPLE DETERMINISTIC DATA LINKS

CISCO TECHNOLOGY, INC., ...

1. A method comprising:detecting, by a transport layer executed by a processor circuit in an apparatus, a request message received via a non-deterministic data link from one of a plurality of deterministic network interface circuits, the request message for a transport layer packet having been stored in a buffer circuit storing a plurality of transport layer packets in the apparatus, the deterministic network interface circuits providing respective deterministic links for deterministic transmission of the transport layer packets in a deterministic data network, the request message specifying a first number identifying any missed transmission opportunities on the corresponding deterministic link;
determining, by the transport layer, a cause of failure in one or more of the missed transmission opportunities; and
selectively executing, by the transport layer based on determining the cause of failure, a corrective action for preventing an increase in latency of the transport layer packets among the deterministic network interface circuits.

US Pat. No. 10,461,865

CONTAINING DEVICE OF OPTICAL TRANSCEIVER

Delta Networks, Inc., Ta...

1. A containing device for affixing a plurality of optical transceivers, wherein each of the optical transceivers comprises a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface, and the containing device comprises:a housing; and
at least one passage, formed in the housing and comprising a first abutting surface and a second abutting surface, wherein the optical transceivers are disposed in the passage, wherein when the containing device moves along a first direction relative to the optical transceivers, the first abutting surface contacts the first surfaces of the optical transceivers, and when the containing device moves along a second direction relative to the optical transceivers, the second abutting surface contacts the second surfaces of the optical transceivers, wherein the first direction is opposite to the second direction, wherein the distance between the first abutting surface and the second abutting surface is the same as or greater than the distance between the first surface and the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,461,835

COMMUNICATION METHOD, BASE STATION, AND USER EQUIPMENT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A communication method, comprising:performing, by a base station, beam scanning and alignment together with a first terminal in a first subframe, to determine a beam that is used for sending data in the first subframe, wherein a quantity of beams used for sending data is greater than or equal to 1;
when sending data to the first terminal by using the beam, sending, by the base station, beam information of the beam to a second terminal, wherein the first terminal is a terminal that already has an access to the base station, and the second terminal is a terminal that is yet to access the base station, the beam information comprising at least identification information of the beam and a synchronization signal; and
wherein the synchronization signal is used by a second terminal to synchronize with the base station and the identification information of the beam is used by the first terminal and the second terminal to identify the beam sent by the base station.

US Pat. No. 10,461,831

CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION REPORT OF HIGH-SPEED MOVING USER EQUIPMENT

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method of reporting channel state information (CSI) by a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:measuring primary CSIs in a plurality of antenna units positioned at distributed locations of the UE;
determining reception modes for each of the antenna units based on combined gain of the primary CSIs and determining secondary CSI based on the determined reception mode; and
reporting information on the determined reception mode and the determined secondary CSI to a network,
wherein the primary CSIs include a predetermined number of rank indicator (RI), precoding matrix index (PMI), and channel quality indicator (CQI) sets having quality of a predetermined level or more,
wherein the secondary CSI is determined based on a data rate requirement parameter value and a link stability requirement parameter value,
wherein the link stability requirement parameter value is related to a degree of importance of link stability and the data rate requirement parameter value is related to a degree of importance of data rate,
wherein the secondary CSI is determined based on a set having a common RI and a common PMI among the primary CSIs, when a difference between the data rate requirement parameter value and the link stability requirement parameter value is less than a threshold, and
wherein the secondary CSI is determined based on a set having a largest CQI among the primary CSIs, when the difference between the data rate requirement parameter value and the link stability requirement parameter value is equal to or greater than the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,461,830

METHODS, NETWORK NODE AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING DATA

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method performed in a network node for transmitting data in a wireless network, the network node being configurable for controlling a multiple input multiple output antenna system, the method comprising:beamforming user specific data streams to one or more communication devices, UE1, . . . , UEK, wherein the beamforming is based on respective channel information available for each of the one or more communication devices, UE1, . . . , UEK;
precoding information streams using a transmit diversity scheme; and
transmitting the beamformed user specific data streams and the diversity-precoded information streams in a same transmission time and frequency resource.

US Pat. No. 10,461,807

POWER AND DATA TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Philip Morris Products S....

1. A handheld, battery powered, electrically operated aerosol-generating device, comprising:an input comprising a single pair of electrical contacts connectable to a host device to receive a time-multiplexed signal from the host device, the time-multiplexed signal comprising power and data time-multiplexed with one another and solely being received by the single pair of electrical contacts;
a power receiving circuit;
a data receiving circuit; and
a switch element configured to automatically and sequentially provide the time-multiplexed signal received at the input to the power receiving circuit such that the power receiving circuit receives the power in the time-multiplexed signal and to the data receiving circuit such that the data receiving circuit receives the data in the time-multiplexed signal, dependent on a voltage of the time-multiplexed signal.

US Pat. No. 10,461,791

INTERFERENCE ANALYSIS IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method for managing interference in a wireless communication network, the method comprising:receiving measurement data from a plurality of measurement devices in the network;
processing the measurement data to detect signal patterns of one or more of a plurality of signal strength pattern types in the network and to generate pattern characterization data that characterizes the detected signal strength patterns, each of the signal strength pattern types corresponding to a different type of interference;
receiving a user selection of a signal strength pattern type; and
selecting, in response to the user selection and for display to the user, pattern characterization data that characterizes signals of the selected signal strength pattern type.

US Pat. No. 10,461,786

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AMPLIFIERS

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method of controlling at least one amplifier of a network node, the network node being configured to communicate with a plurality of user equipment devices within a cell of a wireless communication network, the method comprising:evaluating back-off criteria relating to the plurality of user equipment devices, wherein the back-off criteria comprises positional information relating to the position of the plurality of user equipment devices within the cell; and
selectively controlling at least one amplifier to operate in one of a reduced power mode and a predistortion mode, based on the result of the evaluation,wherein the method further comprises:determining the location of each of the plurality of user equipment devices within the cell;
determining what percentage of user equipment devices are within a predetermined distance of the cell center; and
controlling at least one amplifier to operate in the reduced power mode instead of the predistortion mode if the determined percentage is above a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,461,784

COMMUNICATION APPARATUS

SOUNDPOWER CORPORATION, ...

1. A communication apparatus, comprising:at least one manipulating unit;
at least one power generating unit that generates electric power using force externally applied via the manipulating unit;
at least one transmitting unit that transmits a signal; and
at least one control unit that causes, when the manipulating unit is manipulated, the transmitting unit to transmit the signal with priority over another process other than the transmission of the signal using first electric power which is part of the electric power generated by the power generating unit and then performs the other process using second electric power other than the first electric power among the electric power generated by the power generating unit.

US Pat. No. 10,461,781

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COMMUNICATING DATA OVER A COMMUNICATION CHANNEL

INPHI CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A modulator comprising:a symbol mapper for mapping a bit stream into symbols; and
a multi-level encoder comprising an inner encoder and an outer encoder for encoding only a portion of the bit stream such that an information block size of the inner encoder is a multiple of a field size of the outer encoder;
wherein a portion of the bit stream comprises a least significant bit (LSB) sequence and a non-LSB sequence having p-times as many bits, p being an average number of bits per LSB; and
the symbol mapper being configured for mapping the bit stream into the symbols from a constellation of 2N symbols, where N is an integer and is variable from symbol to symbol.

US Pat. No. 10,461,780

MALLEABLE ERROR CONTROL CODE STRUCTURES SUITABLE FOR ADAPTIVE ERROR PROTECTION

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:determining a sequence of source packets, wherein the sequence of source packets satisfies a windowing condition;
synthesizing a first set of parity packets as a function of a first set of source packets in the sequence, wherein the first set of source packets satisfies a first encoding pattern; and
synthesizing a second set of parity packets as a function of a second set of source packets in the sequence, wherein the second set of source packets satisfies a second encoding pattern that is different from the first encoding pattern, wherein each of the first encoding pattern and the second encoding pattern characterizes an encoding structure determined as a function of a channel characterization vector, and wherein each of the first encoding pattern and the second encoding pattern are selected based on the channel characterization vector to provide unequal protection for the source packets.

US Pat. No. 10,461,706

DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER INCLUDING CANCELLATION CAPACITORS

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A system, comprising:a differential amplifier coupled to a parasitic capacitor positioned between a first node and a first reference voltage source;
a buffer amplifier having an input terminal and an output terminal, the input terminal coupled to the first node and the output terminal coupled to a cancellation capacitor;
a controlled current source coupled to the first node and the input terminal, the controlled current source coupled to a second reference voltage source; and
a current sense circuit coupled to the cancellation capacitor and the second reference voltage source.

US Pat. No. 10,461,705

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR OSCILLATION SUPPRESSION OF CASCODE POWER AMPLIFIERS

Skyworks Solutions, Inc.,...

1. A power amplifier system comprising:an input terminal configured to receive a radio frequency input signal;
an output terminal;
a cascode power amplifier including a plurality of transconductance devices each electrically coupled to the input terminal, and a plurality of cascode devices each electrically coupled to the output terminal, the plurality of transconductance devices configured to operate in combination with the plurality of cascode devices to amplify the radio frequency input signal;
a bias circuit configured to bias the plurality of cascode devices with two or more bias signals that are decoupled from one another at radio frequency so as to provide oscillation suppression to the cascode power amplifier, the two or more bias signals including a first bias voltage configured to bias a first portion of the plurality of cascode devices and a second bias voltage configured to bias a second portion of the plurality of cascode devices; and
a radio frequency isolation circuit electrically coupled between the first bias voltage and the second bias voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,461,688

SENSOR UNIT

TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD., T...

1. A sensor unit, comprising:a sensor configured to measure a physical quantity that characterizes a state of a solar cell module;
a wireless unit wirelessly outputting measurement results of the sensor;
a case housing the sensor and the wireless unit; and
a spacer configured to attach the case to a frame for the solar cell module such that the wireless unit is separated from the frame by a prescribed distance,
wherein the frame is a stand frame on which the solar cell module is mounted,
wherein the case is configured to be fastened to the frame by one or more bands,
wherein the spacer includes a protrusion protruding from a first contact surface of the case that contacts the frame, said protrusion preventing movement of the case in a direction that would cause the wireless unit to be closer to the frame when the case and the frame are fastened to each other by said one or more bands, and
wherein the case includes:
a first terminal having a tube shape protruding outwards from one side face of the case, the first terminal being configured to introduce a cable from the solar cell module to inside of the case and configured to receive a first band that is wrapped around the first terminal and the frame; and
a second terminal having a tube shape protruding outwards from another side face of the case, the second terminal being configured to introduce a cable from the solar cell module to inside of the case and configured to receive a second band that is wrapped around the second terminal and the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,461,685

FOLDABLE PHOTOVOLTAIC ASSEMBLY WITH NON-PERPENDICULAR INTERCONNECTION

Global Solar Energy, Inc....

1. An assembly of electrically interconnected photovoltaic submodules, comprising:a first photovoltaic submodule including a first plurality of electrically interconnected photovoltaic cells;
a second photovoltaic submodule including a second plurality of electrically interconnected photovoltaic cells, wherein the second submodule is separated from the first submodule by a fold zone characterized by a fold line; and
a plurality of spaced apart conductive interconnection structures electrically interconnecting the first and second submodules, each including a discrete bundle of parallel conductors and each extending through the fold zone at a non-perpendicular angle relative to the fold line;
wherein each and every one of the conductive interconnection structures is independently sufficient to electrically interconnect the photovoltaic submodules.

US Pat. No. 10,461,681

INVERTER CONTROL DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An inverter control device that is applied to an inverter including series connections each of an upper arm switch and a lower arm switch, whereina time-series pattern that defines a switching pattern for each of the upper arm switch and the lower arm switch is defined as an operation pattern,
the inverter control device comprises:
a pattern storage unit that stores a plurality of the operation patterns associated with each of synchronous numbers and modulation factors, the synchronous numbers each defining an upper limit of the number of switching operations for each of the arm switches;
a pattern selecting unit that selects an appropriate operation pattern from among the operation patterns stored in the pattern storage unit; and
an operation unit that operates the upper arm switch and the lower arm switch on the basis of the operation pattern selected by the pattern selecting unit,
the pattern storage unit stores a plurality of the operation patterns associated with the same modulation factor for the same synchronous number, and
in a case where there is a plurality of next patterns as the operation patterns corresponding to a next modulation factor, the pattern selecting unit selects, from among the next patterns, an operation pattern other than the operation pattern with the largest change from a currently set operation pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,461,671

MULTISPEED ALTERNATING CURRENT MOTOR

QM Power, Inc., Kansas C...

1. A circuit for a machine having an alternating current (AC) power source having a first side (L1) and a second side (L2), the circuit comprising:a winding with a start side and an end side;
a first power switch connected between the first side and the winding start side;
a second power switch connected between the second side and the winding start side;
a third power switch connected between the first side and the winding end side;
a fourth power switch connected between the second side and the winding end side; and
a motor controller to:
receive a signal from an AC polarity detector and another signal from a Hall effect device and determine which of the power switches to open or close to obtain a proper direction of current flow through the winding based on the signal and the other signal;
close the first power switch and the fourth power switch and open the second power switch and the third power switch to cause current to flow from the first side to the second side; or
close the second power switch and the third power switch and open the first power switch and the fourth power switch to cause current to flow from the second side to the first side.

US Pat. No. 10,461,662

AC/DC CONVERTER

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. Alternating-Current/Direct-Current (AC/DC) converter comprising:a first input terminal that is connected to one input side of an AC power supply;
a second input terminal that is connected to another input side of the AC power supply;
a first output terminal;
a second output terminal;
a first capacitor that is connected to the first output terminal and an interposed connection terminal therebetween;
a second capacitor that is connected to the interposed connection terminal and the second output terminal therebetween;
a first diode that is connected to the first input terminal and the first output terminal therebetween so that a forward direction of the first diode is a direct on from the first input terminal toward the first output terminal;
a second diode that is connected to the second output terminal and the first input terminal therebetween so that a forward direction of the second diode is a direction from the second output terminal toward the first input terminal;
a first switching element that is connected to the first output terminal and the second input terminal therebetween;
a second switching element that is connected to the second input terminal and the second output terminal therebetween;
third and fourth switching elements whose main current paths are serially connected between the second input terminal and the interposed connection terminal;
a first PWM-signal generating circuit that generates a two-level PWM signal in accordance with a comparison result between a voltage of the AC power supply and a predetermined reference signal;
a second PWM-signal generating circuit that generates a three-level PWM signal from an output signal of the first PWM-signal generating circuit;
a drive-signal generating circuit that generates, from an output signal output from the second PWM-signal generating circuit, drive signals to be supplied to the first to the fourth switching elements; and
a detection circuit that detects a polarity of the voltage of the AC power supply, wherein
when the detection circuit detects an inversion of a polarity of the voltage of the AC power supply, a two-level PWM signal, which is obtained by inverting a duty ratio of a two-level PWM signal output from the first PWM-signal generating circuit during a period just before the inversion of the polarity of the voltage of the AC power supply, is supplied to the second PWM-signal generating circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,461,656

POWER CONVERSION DEVICE HAVING A COVER THAT COVERS DC POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE TERMINALS

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A power conversion device, comprising: a power semiconductor module that converts a DC current into an AC current and includes a DC positive terminal and a DC negative terminal; a cover portion that includes a first insulating portion, the first insulating portion being disposed with respect to another conductor that approaches each of the DC positive terminal and the DC negative terminal, wherein the cover portion holds a metal member that covers the DC positive terminal and the DC negative terminal; and a driver circuit board in which a drive circuit is mounted to drive the power semiconductor module, wherein the driver circuit hoard is disposed at a position to face the power semiconductor module with the cover portion interposed there between, the driver circuit board includes a circuit element mounted in a surface on a side where the cover portion is disposed.

US Pat. No. 10,461,651

SOFT-SWITCHING POWER CONVERTERS USING AIR-CORE RESONANT INDUCTOR

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A resonant power converter comprising:a DC bus including a first rail and a second rail;
a primary leg coupled between the first rail and the second rail, the primary leg including a first primary switch and a second primary switch coupled at a primary midpoint connection;
an auxiliary leg coupled between the first rail and the second rail, the auxiliary leg including a first auxiliary switch and a second auxiliary switch coupled at an auxiliary midpoint connection, the first auxiliary switch including a wide bandgap semiconductor switch and the second auxiliary switch including a wide bandgap semiconductor switch;
an LC resonant circuit including an air-core resonant inductor and a resonant capacitor coupled between the auxiliary midpoint connection and the primary midpoint connection, the inductance of the LC resonant circuit being less than 400 nH; and
a controller structured to control the first auxiliary switch, the second auxiliary switch, the first primary switch, and the second primary switch so as to provide resonant operation of the LC resonant circuit effective to provide a substantially zero voltage condition across the first primary switch when closing the first primary switch and to provide a substantially zero voltage condition across the second primary switch when closing the second primary switch.

US Pat. No. 10,461,648

ALTERNATING CURRENT STEP-DOWN CIRCUIT

SHENZHEN SEGRE ELECTRONIC...

1. An alternating current step-down circuit, comprising:an AC input,
a DC output,
an AC output,
a full-bridge rectification and filtering circuit,
a flyback step-down circuit,
a DC-DC step-down unit, and
an inverting unit,
wherein the AC input is connected with an input of the full-bridge rectification and filtering circuit; an output of the full-bridge rectification and filtering circuit is connected with an input of the flyback step-down circuit and with an input of the DC-DC step-down unit; an output of the flyback step-down circuit is connected with the DC output, with the input of the DC-DC step-down unit, and with an input of the inverting unit; an output of the DC-DC step-down unit is connected with the input of the inverting unit; and an output of the inverting unit is connected with the AC output;
wherein the inverting unit comprises:
a current-voltage detection circuit,
a master control circuit,
a DC-AC full-bridge switch circuit, and
a PWM control circuit,
wherein the output of the DC-DC step-down unit is connected with an input of the current-voltage detection circuit; the output of the flyback step-down circuit is connected with an input of the master control circuit; an output of the current-voltage detection circuit is connected with the input of the master control circuit and with an input of the DC-AC full-bridge switch circuit; an output of the master control circuit is connected with an input of the PWM control circuit; an output of the PWM control circuit is connected with the input of the DC-AC full-bridge switch circuit; and an output of the DC-AC full-bridge switch circuit is connected with the AC output.

US Pat. No. 10,461,645

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM, DC/DC CONVERTER, AND POWER CONDITIONER FOR SUPPRESSING PERFORMANCE DEGRADATION IN SOLAR CELLS

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A power supply system, comprising:a solar cell;
a non-isolated type DC/DC converter, boosting a DC voltage from the solar cell input from an input end with a predetermined boosting ratio and outputting a DC voltage from an output end; and
an inverter, converting the DC voltage output from the output end of the DC/DC converter into an AC voltage, the power supply system being connected to an external power system for system interconnection,
wherein the power supply system comprises a potential adjustment device for applying a voltage of the external power system to the solar cell via the inverter to set a ground potential of a negative electrode of the solar cell to positive when an output of the solar cell is smaller than a predetermined value,
the potential adjustment device includes a first resistor, a second resistor, and a diode,
one end of the first resistor is connected to a positive electrode on a DC side of the inverter, and the other end of the first resistor is connected to a negative electrode of the inverter and the negative electrode of the solar cell,
an anode of the diode is connected to the negative electrode of the inverter, and a cathode of the diode is connected to the negative electrode of the solar cell and one end on a negative electrode side of the first resistor, and
one end of the second resistor is connected to the negative electrode of the inverter, the other end of the second resistor is connected to the negative electrode of the solar cell and one end on the negative electrode side of the first resistor, and the second resistor is connected in parallel to the diode.

US Pat. No. 10,461,644

SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFICATION SWITCH CONTROL WITH AUTOMATIC COMPENSATION AND RESET

Infineon Technologies Aus...

1. A synchronous rectification (SR) controller for controlling an SR switch of a switched-mode power converter having an output winding, the SR controller comprising:a first input for sensing a first voltage at a first terminal of the output winding;
a first voltage divider for reducing the first voltage, thereby providing a reduced first voltage;
a second input for sensing a second voltage at a second terminal of the output winding;
a second voltage divider for reducing the second voltage, thereby providing a reduced second voltage;
a volt-second determiner configured to input the reduced first voltage and the reduced second voltage, and provide a volt-second output based upon the reduced first and second voltages, wherein the volt-second output corresponds to a winding current through the output winding; and
an SR switch turn-off signal generator configured to generate an SR switch turn-off signal based upon the volt-second output and a first reference.

US Pat. No. 10,461,640

SWITCHING POWER CONVERTER

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. An apparatus comprising:a power converter having a power supply input for receiving an input power supply voltage generated by a power supply, an output for generating an output voltage to a load, and a power inductor coupled between the power supply input and the output; and
an energy storage element coupled to the power supply input, the power inductor, and the output such that:
within a first portion of a single switching cycle, the power inductor is configured both to deliver energy to the energy storage element; and
within a second, different portion of the same single switching cycle, the power inductor is configured to deliver energy to the load.

US Pat. No. 10,461,633

DC-TO-DC DRIVERS WITH HIGH RESOLUTION DIMMING

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A DC-to-DC driver comprising:a converter comprising an output configured to drive a load with an output current; and
a feedback controller coupled to the converter and comprising:
a pulse-width modulator configured to output a first pulse-width modulated signal to the converter;
a first switching mechanism coupled to the pulse-width modulator;
a compensator having an output coupled to the first switching mechanism, the compensator configured to generate a first duty cycle control signal based on a comparison of the output current and a first reference voltage; and
a sampler having an input coupled to the output of the compensator and an output coupled to the switching mechanism, the sampler configured to generate a second duty cycle control signal based on the first duty cycle control signal;
wherein the switching mechanism selectively couples one of the compensator and the sampler with the pulse-width modulator based at least in part on a dimming signal.

US Pat. No. 10,461,631

DC-TO-DC CONTROLLER AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

uPI Semiconductor Corp., ...

1. A DC-to-DC controller, coupled to an output stage providing an output voltage and comprising an upper bridge switch and a lower bridge switch, the DC-to-DC controller comprising:a time signal generating unit; and
a time signal control circuit, coupled to the time signal generating unit and receiving a preset voltage and the output voltage,
wherein during a soft start period, if the output voltage is lower than the preset voltage, after the upper bridge switch is turned off and before the upper bridge switch are turned on again, the time signal control circuit turns off the upper bridge switch and the lower bridge switch for a first preset time and turns on the lower bridge switch for a second preset time, wherein the second preset time is less than the first preset time,
wherein immediately after the upper bridge switch is turned off, the lower bridge switch is turned on for the second preset time, and then the lower bridge switch is turned off for the first preset time.

US Pat. No. 10,461,613

STATOR AND STATOR MANUFACTURING METHOD

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A stator comprising:a stator core including:
a yoke that extends in a circumferential direction; and
teeth that protrude from the yoke in a radial direction, a slot being defined between the teeth which are adjacent to each other;
an insulator that is assembled to each tooth from a tip end of the tooth, the insulator including:
a main body within which the tooth is housed; and
a wall that protrudes in a direction orthogonal to the radial direction from an end portion of the main body, a circumferentially end portion of the wall being configured to abut against an inside surface of the yoke in the slot;
a coil that is wound around the main body of the insulator; and
an adhesive that is disposed only in a triangular gap between the yoke and the wall of the insulator, the adhesive being expandable, the adhesive being configured to adhere and fix the insulator to the stator core by expanding to fill in the triangular gap by being heated.

US Pat. No. 10,461,609

MULTI-GATE HALF-BRIDGE CIRCUIT AND PACKAGE

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A half-bridge circuit comprising:a first switch including:
a first load terminal,
a second load terminal,
a first control terminal, and
a second control terminal that is electrically isolated from the first control terminal of the first switch; and
a second switch including:
a first load terminal electrically connected to the second load terminal of the first switch,
a second load terminal, and
a control terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,461,608

MOTOR HAVING SENSOR FOR DETECTING OPERATING STATE OF BEARING

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A motor comprising:a stator unit having a stator;
a rotor having a rotor core inserted into the stator so as to form a gap, and a shaft including a first shaft portion and a second shaft portion, each protruding from the rotor core in opposite directions;
a first bearing for rotatably supporting the first shaft portion of the shaft in a first portion of the stator unit;
a second bearing for rotatably supporting the second shaft portion of the shaft in a second portion of the stator unit;
a first sensor for measuring a first parameter related to an operating state of the first bearing in the first portion of the stator unit, the first sensor having a first signal line for outputting the first parameter; and
a guide path provided in the stator unit, for guiding the first signal line from the first portion to the second portion;
wherein the stator unit includes a first housing attached on the stator, for supporting the first bearing, and a second housing attached on the stator, for supporting the second bearing,
the stator has a first through hole extending from a first end surface on which the first housing is attached to a second end surface on which the second housing is attached, and
the guide path includes the first through hole of the stator.

US Pat. No. 10,461,601

MOTOR WITH AN IMPROVED DAMP PROOF OR DUSTPROOF EFFECT

Sunonwealth Electric Mach...

1. A motor comprising:an isolating housing comprising a first housing part and a second housing part, wherein the first and second housing parts are capable of being combined with and detached from each other, wherein a through-hole is formed between the first and second housing parts, wherein the through-hole communicates an internal space of the isolating housing with an external space;
a sealing member comprising a frame portion and a wire receiving portion, wherein the wire receiving portion is integrally formed with an outer periphery of the frame portion, wherein the frame portion is arranged between the first and second housing parts, wherein the wire receiving portion is disposed at the through-hole, wherein a lead wire is received in the wire receiving portion, and wherein the lead wire has one end extending into the internal space of the isolating housing; and
an inner assembly received in the internal space of the isolating housing and electrically connected to the lead wire.

US Pat. No. 10,461,597

WINDING STRUCTURE FOR HIGH POWER DENSITY, AXIAL FIELD MOTOR

FORTIOR TECHNOLOGY (SHENZ...

1. A winding structure having a high power density, characterized in that, the winding has a multilayer 2D structure and the winding has a distributed structure with an electrical angle of 180 degrees, wherein each layer contains only one phase winding, every phase winding are arranged in an even number of layer windings, and connected with through holes at a corner of an upper portion of the coil loop, the winding structure is provided with an A-phase winding, a B-phase winding and a C-phase winding, wherein the B-phase winding and the A-phase winding have a difference of an electrical angle of 120 degrees in a tangential space, the C-phase winding and the A-phase winding have a difference of an electrical angle of 240 degrees in the tangential space, the A-phase winding, the B-phase winding and the C-phase winding form the three-phase winding symmetry in space.

US Pat. No. 10,461,596

WINDING FOR A ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINE AND METHOD FOR DESIGNING SUCH A WINDING

Universtie Catholique De ...

1. A winding for a rotating electrical machine, said machine comprising an inductor, an iron core, and an air gap in between, said winding comprising a flexible printed circuit board (PCB) having a plurality of first conductors on a first surface and a plurality of second conductors on a second surface of a substrate, said first and second conductors being tracks printed on said PCB, a first conductor of the first surface being connected through a via to a second conductor of the second surface so as to form a turn, said PCB having an height and a length, such that when rolled up one or more times, in one or more layers, along the length, the PCB is adapted for inserting into said air gap in an axial direction, wherein at least one of said first conductor or said second conductor has a shape extending from a bottom height of said flexible PCB to a top height of said PCB in an axial direction, along a continuous curve or a number n of rectilinear segments, n being larger than 3, said at least one of said first conductors and said at least one of said second conductors not comprising (i) a current entry terminal and a current exit terminal, and (ii) a conducting connection located at a height above or below a crossing of said at least one of said first conductors and said at least one of said second conductors forming said turn, at the top or bottom of said PCB respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,461,592

ELECTRIC MACHINE

1. An electric machine comprising:a stator having an array of electromagnetic elements, the stator defining a stator axis;
a rotor having electromagnetic elements defining magnetic poles, the rotor carrier defining a rotor axis;
an airgap being formed between the rotor and the stator when the stator and the rotor are in an operational position;
an inner thrust bearing connecting the rotor and the stator, the inner thrust bearing being arranged to allow relative rotary motion of the stator and the rotor;
an outer thrust bearing connecting the rotor and the stator, the outer thrust bearing being arranged to allow relative rotary motion of the stator and the rotor;
the electromagnetic elements of the stator and the electromagnetic elements of the rotor having a magnetic attraction between each other; and
wherein the rotor further comprises a plurality of posts in which the electromagnetic elements of the rotor are placed between the plurality of posts, and the rotor further comprising a plurality of inner flux restrictors lying radially inward from the plurality of posts and radially outward from the inner thrust bearing, and in which the plurality of inner flux restrictors further comprises a plurality of holes within the rigid element.

US Pat. No. 10,461,589

MAGNETIC-PLATE LAMINATED BODY AND MOTOR

TOHOKU MAGNET INSTITUTE C...

1. A magnetic-plate laminated body comprising:a laminated part made up of a plurality of laminated soft magnetic ribbons;
first and second metal plates that sandwich the laminated part from upper and lower surfaces in a lamination direction of the laminated part; and
a fastening mechanism that penetrates the first and second metal plates and the laminated part and fastens the laminated part to the first and second metal plates,
wherein the soft magnetic ribbons have surfaces with wrinkles such that adjacent pairs of the soft magnetic ribbons locally contact each other and have clearances between the wrinkles where the soft magnetic ribbons contact each other.

US Pat. No. 10,461,583

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR WIRELESS CHARGING IN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:wireless power antenna circuitry;
a power supply configured to supply direct current (DC) power;
a conversion circuit;
a communication unit; and
a controller configured to:
receive, through the communication unit, a signal from an external electronic device;
identify a wireless power scheme based on a type of the received signal, the wireless power scheme comprising one from among a first wireless power scheme and a second wireless power scheme;
select one from among a transmission mode and a reception mode based on the received signal; and
identify a wireless power frequency corresponding to the wireless power scheme,
wherein the wireless power antenna circuitry comprises:
first wireless power antenna circuitry corresponding to the first wireless power scheme and connected to the conversion circuit, and
second wireless power antenna circuitry corresponding to the second wireless power scheme and connected to the conversion circuit,
wherein the first wireless power antenna circuitry is electrically connected in parallel to the second wireless power antenna circuitry, and
wherein the controller, in response to the transmission mode being selected, is further configured to:
control the conversion circuit to convert the DC power to alternating current (AC) power using the wireless power frequency, and
transmit, through the wireless power antenna circuitry, the AC power to the external electronic device,
wherein the first wireless power antenna circuitry is electrically connected between a first connection point and a second connection point of the conversion circuit, and
the second wireless power antenna circuitry is electrically connected to the first connection point via a first capacitor and to the second connection point via a second capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,461,582

SYSTEMS, APPARATUS, AND METHODS FOR WIRELESS POWER RECEIVER COIL CONFIGURATION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An apparatus for wirelessly receiving power, the apparatus comprising:a coil circuit configured to generate a current in response to a magnetic field generated by a transmitter, the coil circuit comprising a conductive material having at least three loop portions, including a first loop portion, a second loop portion enclosing a first area, and a third loop portion enclosing a second area that is non-overlapping with the first area, the second and third loop portions fully enclosed by the first loop portion, the first loop portion, the second loop portion, and the third loop portion physically connected to create a single winding of the conductive material, the second loop portion and the third loop portion having a third area therebetween, the second loop portion having a first portion adjacent to a first portion of the first loop portion, and the third loop portion having a first portion adjacent to a second portion of the first loop portion and a second portion adjacent to a second portion of the second loop portion, wherein the generated current flows through the first portion of the first loop portion and the first portion of the second loop portion in a first direction and flows through the second portion of the first loop portion and the first portion of the third loop portion in a second direction, and wherein the generated current flows through the second portion of the second loop portion and the second portion of the third loop portion in opposite directions to create a field cancelling effect in the third area; and
a receive circuit including a rectifier circuit, the receive circuit being electrically and conductively coupled to the first loop portion, wherein the receive circuit is configured to generate an output for at least one of powering or charging a load based at least in part on the generated current.

US Pat. No. 10,461,565

DEFORMABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND WIRELESS CHARGING SYSTEM

Lenovo (Beijing) Limited,...

1. An electronic device comprising:a body;
a plurality of electronic components disposed within the body, wherein the plurality of electronic components comprise a battery;
a first portion extending from the body;
a second portion extending from the body;
a shielding layer covering the plurality of electronic components disposed within the body; and
a charging coil disposed within the body, the first portion, and the second portion that charges the battery, wherein the charging coil is positioned at an inner peripheral edge of the first portion and the second portion;
wherein a conductive line of the charging coil has a deformable helical shape and surrounds the inner peripheral edge of the first portion and the second portion, the conductive line being formed from a plurality of parallel, butt-jointed terminals located inside the conductive line.

US Pat. No. 10,461,563

SCREEN AND DEVICE COMPRISING THE SCREEN

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A screen comprising:an induction current generation circuit configured to generate an induction current, the induction current generation circuit including a plurality of metal wires arranged in parallel, and the plurality of metal wires comprising touch signal lines;
an induction current transmission circuit connected to the induction current generation circuit and configured to transmit the induction current; and
a control circuit connected to the induction current transmission circuit and configured to control the transmission of the induction current.

US Pat. No. 10,461,559

CHARGING CONTROL FOR SUPERCAPACITOR(S)

PRC TECH, LLC, Loudonvil...

6. A system for charging a supercapacitor, the system comprising:a power source to supply a constant charge to the supercapacitor; and
a controller to initiate and control charging of the supercapacitor using the constant charge, the controller:
initially measuring supercapacitor terminal voltage (V1);
dynamically determining, based on the initiating charging, an overcharge voltage value at which to terminate supercapacitor charging by the constant charge to substantially fully charge the supercapacitor, the dynamically determined overcharge voltage value being greater than a rated supercapacitor full voltage value (Vfull) of the supercapacitor, and relating, at least in part, to internal resistance of the supercapacitor during the charging by the constant charge, the dynamically determining comprising:
measuring supercapacitor terminal voltage (V2) during the constant charging of the supercapacitor;
determining the internal resistance of the supercapacitor during the charging by the constant charge using the supercapacitor terminal voltage (V1) and the supercapacitor terminal voltage (V2), and a determined charging current; and
using the determined internal resistance of the supercapacitor during the charging by the constant charge to determine the overcharge voltage value; and
continuing with applying the constant charging to the supercapacitor until the dynamically determined overcharge voltage value is reached at the supercapacitor, and based on reaching the dynamically determined overcharge voltage value at the supercapacitor, terminating the charging of the supercapacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,461,553

POWER SOURCE DEVICE

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A power source device, comprising:an insulated AC-DC converter configured to receive an AC voltage and output a DC link voltage to a bidirectional DC-DC converter; and
the bidirectional DC-DC converter, which is configured to:
receive the link voltage from a first direction, and use the link voltage to charge a battery;
receive power from the battery; and
selectively output the link voltage in a second direction opposite to the first direction,
wherein the bidirectional DC-DC converter is configured to output the link voltage having a constant first value when a voltage of the battery is at or below a threshold, and to output the link voltage having a second value higher than the first value when a voltage of the battery is above the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,461,548

VEHICLE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A vehicle comprising:a power receiving device configured to receive power from a power transmission device in a non-contact manner in a state of facing the power transmission device;
a housing configured to store a power reception port to which an external power system is connected via a connecting tool, the housing including:
an opening allowing access to the power reception port therethrough;
a lid member covering the opening to be openable and closable; and
a locking mechanism configured to lock the lid member in a state of closing the opening; and
a controller configured to control whether access to the power reception port is permitted, and configured to drive the locking mechanism when the power receiving device starts receiving power such that the lid member is locked not to be opened.

US Pat. No. 10,461,532

SUPPLYING AN ELECTRICAL LOAD WITH ELECTRICAL ENERGY FROM A VOLTAGE SOURCE

OSRAM GMBH, Munich (DE)

1. A circuit assembly for supplying an electrical load with electrical energy from a voltage source, the circuit assembly comprising:an input terminal for connecting to the voltage source,
an output terminal for connecting to the load,
an electrical charge storage for storing electrical charge,
a constant current circuit electrically coupled to the input terminal and the charge storage for supplying the charge storage with a presettable electrical current,
a linear regulator circuit electrically coupled to the charge storage and the output terminal for providing a regulated electrical potential at the output terminal,
a bypass circuit controllable by operation of a control signal, which is electrically coupled to the input terminal and the charge storage in parallel with the constant current circuit, for supplying the charge storage with an electrical bypass current, and
a control unit for providing the control signal,
wherein the control unit is formed to capture an electrical charge storage voltage at the charge storage and to provide the control signal depending on the captured charge storage voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,461,531

ADAPTABLE RECHARGING AND LIGHTING STATION AND METHODS OF USING THE SAME

ELEVATE TECHNOLOGIES CORP...

1. A method of controlling battery output and charging, comprising:a. configuring a plurality of batteries installed in a battery receiver of an electronic system in multiple electrical arrangements;
b. measuring the voltage produced by said plurality of batteries in each of said multiple electrical arrangements;
c. identifying the battery chemistry of said plurality of batteries based on the voltage measurements taken in said multiple electrical arrangements;
d. selecting a charge algorithm from a plurality of charge algorithms for charging said plurality of batteries based on said battery chemistry of said plurality of batteries, wherein said electronic system includes a processing unit having an internal memory in which said plurality of charge algorithms are recorded; and
e. charging said plurality of batteries according to said charge algorithm.

US Pat. No. 10,461,519

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING AND IDENTIFYING ARCING

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. A system for detecting and identifying arcing comprising:a current transformer converting a current from a load to a proportional voltage;
a first analog-to-digital current converter converting the current to a digitized current at a sample frequency;
a second analog-to-digital voltage converter converting the proportional voltage to a digitized voltage at the sample frequency;
a logic circuitry including non-transitory computer-readable medium storing computer readable instructions and one or more processors coupled to said non-transitory computer readable medium, and when executing said computer readable instructions said logic circuitry:
determines a waveform of a cycle of a primary load current based on the digitized current; and
determines at least one noise signal according to the determined waveform of the cycle of the primary load current and the digitized current; and
a comparator circuit setting a time window within a cycle of the digitized voltage by setting a start time and a stop time of a time interval based on voltage amplitude at the start time and the stop time being within a predetermined value of the peak voltage of the waveform of the cycle of the digitized voltage;
wherein the logic circuitry when executing said computer readable instructions:
determines a probability density of the at least one noise signal according to the time window set by the comparator circuit;
compares the probability density of the at least one noise signal with at least one model probability density stored on the non-transitory computer readable medium; and
generates an output indicative of a positive arc detection based on the comparing when the time window is set based on values of the digitized voltage indicative of the arc.

US Pat. No. 10,461,517

PROTECTIVE HOUSING FOR AN ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION AND ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION INCLUDING SUCH A HOUSING

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUST...

1. An electrically insulating protection box for an electric installation comprising at least one electric busbar, the protection box including at least two casings wherein each casing includes inside surfaces intended to surround at least a part of the busbar at a junction zone, at least 50% of the area of said inside surfaces being a contact surface in direct contact with an electrically conducting element of the junction zone, said protection box being manufactured with an additive manufacturing process, wherein the junction zone includes a fastener element for securing said busbar to an electrically conducting element in the junction zone, and wherein the contact surface includes a hollowed portion that delimits a housing for accommodating a head of the fastener element, and wherein the fastener element comprises a screw.

US Pat. No. 10,461,508

PROTECTIVE SLEEVE FOR A CORONA IGNITOR IN A SPARK PLUG SHAFT OF AN ENGINE

BORGWARNER LUDWIGSBURG GM...

1. A protective sleeve for protecting a corona igniter that has threads that secure the igniter in a spark plug shaft of an internal combustion engine, the protective sleeve comprising:a collar configured to be seated on a rim of a spark plug shaft opening, wherein the collar carries a seal for sealing an annular gap between the protective sleeve and the corona igniter; and
a tubular section configured for insertion into the spark plug shaft and for receiving the corona igniter.

US Pat. No. 10,461,493

WAVELENGTH LOCKER USING MULTIPLE FEEDBACK CURVES TO WAVELENGTH LOCK A BEAM

Lumentum Operations LLC, ...

1. A device, comprising:a laser emitter to generate a laser beam to be wavelength locked to a target frequency based on an emission frequency to be measured by the device;
a first photodetector to generate a first current based on a first optical power of the laser beam,
the laser beam to be wavelength locked based on the first current;
a beam splitter to split a portion of the laser beam into a first beam and a second beam;
a patterned etalon to filter the first beam and the second beam,
the patterned etalon to have different optical path lengths for the first beam and the second beam,
the patterned etalon including a surface, located only on a single side of the patterned etalon, in an optical path of the first beam and not the second beam,
the first beam to be filtered by the patterned etalon and the surface and the second beam to be filtered by the patterned etalon and not filtered by the surface, and
the patterned etalon to filter the first beam and the second beam to a second optical power and a third optical power, respectively, based on the different optical path lengths; and
second and third photodetectors to generate respective second currents,
a selected current, of the respective second currents, to be used to wavelength lock the laser beam.

US Pat. No. 10,461,492

METHOD FOR SYNTHESIS OF GRAPHENE ALONG WAVEGUIDES IN SITU, PHOTONICS DEVICE INCLUDING GRAPHENE OBTAINED USING THE METHOD

KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENC...

1. A method for in situ synthesis of graphene along a lengthwise direction of a waveguide applied to a photonic device, the method comprising:processing an evanescent field of laser propagating in the waveguide to spread outward the waveguide;
depositing a nickel thin film on a surface of the waveguide;
growing graphene between the surface of the waveguide and the nickel thin film by irradiating telecommunication laser to a core of the waveguide; and
removing the nickel thin film from the waveguide,
wherein the method further comprises, when an optical fiber is the waveguide, reducing a thickness of the optical fiber through heating a target part of the optical fiber and pulling two sides to make a tapered optical fiber, to allow for interaction of the evanescent field with the nickel thin film.

US Pat. No. 10,461,480

SHIELD CONNECTOR

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A shield connector, comprising:a braided conductor through which an electric wire is inserted;
a shield shell formed in a tubular shape that has conductivity;
a ring formed in a tubular shape in which a pressing surface that faces the shield shell in an axial direction of the shield shell is formed on an inner surface side over an entire periphery, wherein
the pressing surface is inclined in a direction intersecting with the axial direction on a section in the axial direction,
the ring is fixed to the shield shell while maintaining a state in which the pressing surface presses the braided conductor against the shield shell in the axial direction over the entire periphery,
the shield shell includes a hole part penetrating in a radial direction, and
the ring includes a hooking part that is folded toward a radial direction and fixed to the shield shell when the hooking part being folded is inserted into the hole part.

US Pat. No. 10,461,475

ELECTRICAL RECEPTACLE CONNECTOR WITH GROUNDING PLATES INTERSECTING WITH CONTACT WAFER ASSEMBLY

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical receptacle connector assembly comprising:a main housing defining upper and lower mating ports opposite to each other in a vertical direction, each of said upper and lower mating ports forwardly communicating with an exterior in a front-to-back direction perpendicular to the vertical direction; and
a contact wafer assembly assembled to the main housing and including a plurality of grounding contact wafers and a plurality of signal contact wafer pairs alternately stacked with one another along a transverse direction perpendicular to both said vertical direction and said front-to-back direction, each of said grounding contact wafers including a grounding contact embedded within an insulator and each of said signal contact wafer pair including a plurality of signal contacts embedded within an insulator; wherein
the grounding contact includes a main plate with contacting arms unitarily extending forwardly therefrom, the main plate has at least one ridge extending beyond a periphery of the corresponding insulator, and a spring loaded common ground plate is attached upon the main housing with corresponding springs mechanically and electrically connecting to the ridges of the corresponding grounding contacts, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,461,473

PULL STRIP CABLE MODULE

BizLink International Cor...

1. A pull strip cable module, comprising:a connector;
a U-shaped spring latch fixed on the connector, wherein the U-shaped spring latch comprises:
a U-shaped elastic portion;
a first end portion outwardly extending from one end of the U-shaped elastic portion, wherein the first end portion comprises a sliding opening; and
a second end portion outwardly extending from another end of the U-shaped elastic portion; and
a pull strip, wherein one end of the pull strip is fixed to the second end portion of the U-shaped spring latch, and the pull strip passes through the sliding opening of the first end portion of the U-shaped spring latch.

US Pat. No. 10,461,468

CONNECTOR MOUNTING STRUCTURE AND CONNECTOR MOUNTING METHOD

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A connector mounting structure comprising:a connector unit having a wire harness connecting surface and a device connecting surface disposed on a top surface of the connector unit, the device connecting surface being orthogonal to the wire harness connecting surface, the wire harness connecting surface configured to receive a wire-side connector provided at a terminal end of a wire harness and the device-side connector is coupled to the wire-side connector; and
a bracket having a connector holding portion, the connector holding portion is configured to hold the connector unit so as to be pivotable between a mounting position and a fitting position, wherein in the mounting position, the connector unit is pressed against a bottom surface of the bracket and in the fitting position, the connector unit is spaced apart from the bottom surface of the bracket so as to expose the wire-side harness connector for connection with the wire harness.

US Pat. No. 10,461,465

THIN FILM TYPE MAGNETIC CONNECTOR MODULE

SPS Inc., Daejeon (KR)

1. A magnetic connector module configured to magnetically couple to an electronic device, the magnetic connector module comprising:a thin film board having a plurality of holes formed therethrough;
a wing section configured to accommodate a magnet thereon, wherein the wing section is vertically stacked on the thin film board and laterally extends beyond the thin film board such that the thin film board forms a vertical protrusion on the wing section at a central portion of the wing section;
a first pattern of electrodes formed on the thin film board at a first side of the thin film board and a second pattern of electrodes formed on the thin film board at a second side opposite the first side of the thin film board; and
conductors formed in the plurality of holes electrically connecting the first pattern of electrodes and the second pattern of electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,461,461

MULTI POLE CONNECTOR FOR SECURELY COUPLING TERMINALS AND TARGET TERMINALS

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A connector comprising:a plurality of identically configured module housings extending in a lateral direction and arranged in a longitudinal direction orthogonal to the lateral direction, wherein each module housing has first and second opposite lateral ends, wherein the first lateral ends of the plurality of module housings are planar and wherein the second lateral ends of the plurality of module housings are planar; and
terminals attached to the module housings,
wherein the terminals each include:
a pair of contact parts respectively projecting upward above an upper surface and downward below a lower surface of each of the module housings; and
a first direction conversion mechanism configured to convert at least some of displacement and a force received by the pair of contact parts in an upper-lower direction orthogonal to the lateral direction and the longitudinal direction into displacement and a force in the longitudinal direction, and
wherein the module housings each include a second direction conversion mechanism configured to convert at least some of displacement and a force received from each of the terminals in the longitudinal direction into displacement and a force in the upper-lower direction.

US Pat. No. 10,461,456

CONNECTOR

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A connector, comprising:a housing including a terminal accommodating chamber;
a terminal configured to be accommodated in the terminal accommodating chamber; and
a locking lance flexibly provided in the terminal accommodating chamber, a free end side of the locking lance configured to abut on the terminal when the terminal is inserted into the terminal accommodating chamber, thereby the locking lance being configured to be restored after being bent, thereby the free end side being configured to lock the terminal in the terminal accommodating chamber,
wherein a thickness of the locking lance in a bending direction from the top of the locking lance to the bottom of the locking lance changes gradually so as to be smaller at the free end side thereof than at a base end side thereof,
wherein the thickness of the locking lance in the bending direction continuously becomes smaller from the base end side to the free end side,
wherein the locking lance is formed in an arc shape from the base end side to the free end side with respect to the bending direction of the locking lance,
wherein the free end side of the locking lance is configured to deflect by a deflection margin in the bending direction with respect to the base end side of the locking lance,
wherein the locking lance includes a groove provided in the free end side thereof, the groove being configured to engage with a locking projection of the terminal, and,
wherein the thickness of the locking lance in the bending direction gradually becomes smaller from the base end side to the free end side.

US Pat. No. 10,461,432

COLLAPSIBLE FEED STRUCTURES FOR REFLECTOR ANTENNAS

Arizona Board of Regents ...

1. A collapsible line feed for a reflector antenna, the line feed comprising:a plurality of metallic disks; and
a flexible monopole passing through the plurality of metallic disks,
wherein the line feed is flexible such that the metallic discs may be stacked for deployment and the flexible monopole may be extended when deployed.

US Pat. No. 10,461,428

MULTI-LAYER ANTENNA

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A multi-layer laminate antenna comprising:a feed line configured to convey electricity;
a radiator coupled to the feed line, comprising metal disposed in a first layer of the antenna, and having an edge of a length to radiate energy at a radiating frequency; and
dummy metal disposed in a second layer of the antenna that is different from the first layer of the antenna, the dummy metal configured to radiate an insignificant amount of energy, if any, at the radiating frequency;
wherein a first portion of the dummy metal is at least partially disposed outside an overlapped area of the second layer that is overlapped by the radiator and is configured such that any linear edge of the first portion of the dummy metal disposed outside the overlapped area is less than half of a radiating wavelength corresponding to the radiating frequency, and
wherein the dummy metal is absent from a region of the second layer that overlaps a perimeter of the radiator, the dummy metal being displaced from a first orthogonal projection of a perimeter of the radiator onto the second layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,426

WIRELESS ANTENNA FOR WIRELESS CHARGING AND NFC COMMUNICATION AND WIRELESS TERMINAL TO WHICH SAME IS APPLIED

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A wireless antenna comprising;a wireless communication antenna comprising a first wireless communication coil and a second wireless communication coil; and
a wireless charging antenna comprising a wireless charging coil,
wherein the wireless charging coil is disposed inside the first wireless communication coil, and the second wireless communication coil is disposed inside the wireless charging coil,
wherein the wireless communication antenna further comprises a coil connection member traversing the wireless charging coil so as to interconnect the first wireless communication coil and the second wireless communication coil,
wherein a number of windings of the second wireless communication coil is less than a number of windings of the first wireless communication coil, and
wherein a width of a winding of the second wireless communication coil is less than a width of a winding of the first communication coil.

US Pat. No. 10,461,421

CELLULAR SYSTEM

1. A system, comprising:a city light or a street light or a device mounted on a pole, the city light or the street light or the device having a housing;
one or more antennas mounted on the housing; and
a processor to control a directionality of the one or more antennas in communication with a predetermined target using 5G protocols, wherein the processor calibrates a connection by analyzing Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) and Transmit Signal Strength Indicator (TSSI) and moves the one or more antennas until one or more predetermined cellular parameters are reached.

US Pat. No. 10,461,420

SWITCHABLE TRANSMIT AND RECEIVE PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

8. A method for fabricating a switchable transmit and receive phased array antenna (“STRPAA”) with either a first elliptical polarization or a second elliptical polarization, wherein the STRPAA is fabricated from components that include a housing, a plurality of radiating elements, a plurality of transmit and receive (“T/R”) modules, a first multilayer printed wiring board (“MLPWB”), and a second MLPWB, wherein the first MLPWB is configured to produce the first elliptical polarization and the second MLPWB is configured to produce the second elliptical polarization, the method including:inserting into the housing either
the first MLPWB to configure the STRPAA to produce the first elliptical polarization or
the second MLPWB to configure the STRPAA to produce the second elliptical polarization;
attaching the plurality of radiating elements either
to a first MLPWB top surface of the first MLPWB if the first MLPWB is inserted in the housing,
wherein the plurality of radiating elements are attached to the first MLPWB top surface at a predetermined azimuth position or
to a second MLPWB top surface of the second MLPWB if the second MLPWB is inserted in the housing
wherein attaching the plurality of radiating elements includes rotating each element of the plurality of radiating elements, by approximately 180 degrees in azimuth, from the predetermined azimuth position, prior to attaching the plurality of radiating elements to the second MLPWB top surface; and
attaching the plurality of T/R modules either to
a first MLPWB bottom surface of the first MLPWB if the first MLPWB is inserted in the housing or to
a second MLPWB bottom surface of the second MLPWB if the second MLPWB is inserted in the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,461,418

PHOTONIC MICROWAVE TIME DELAY APPARATUS AND METHOD THEREOF

National Cheng Kung Unive...

1. A photonic microwave time delay apparatus, comprising:an optical input, wherein the optical input is an optical signal carrying a time-to-be-delayed microwave signal;
an optical output, wherein the optical output is an optical signal carrying a time-delayed microwave signal; and
a photonic microwave time delay module comprising a microwave-time-delay laser to convert the optical input into the optical output, wherein an optical power and a carrier frequency of the optical input are adjusted so as to excite a laser cavity resonance red-shift effect in the microwave-time-delay laser.

US Pat. No. 10,461,399

WAFER LEVEL PACKAGE WITH INTEGRATED OR EMBEDDED ANTENNA

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. Wafer level package with integrated antenna, comprising:a contacting layer;
a redistribution layer with the integrated antenna;
a chip layer comprising at least one chip arranged between the contacting layer and the redistribution layer;
wherein the integrated antenna is laterally arranged in the redistribution layer such that a projection area of the integrated antenna is offset from or partly overlapping with a projection area of the at least one chip;
wherein the contacting layer comprises a reflector and/or the reflector is arranged on a side facing away from the antenna; and
wherein at least one shielding via is laterally arranged between a main radiation surface of the at least one integrated antenna and the at least one chip, wherein the at least one shielding via is configured to establish shielding between the integrated antenna and the at least one chip.

US Pat. No. 10,461,398

ACCORDION ANTENNA STRUCTURE WITH SIMPLIFIED CONSTRUCTION

Fit Pay, Inc., Carlsbad,...

1. An antenna for generating an electromagnetic field, the antenna comprising:a substrate;
a contiguous core disposed on the substrate; the core comprising a first core mounted on a first surface of the substrate and a second core mounted on a second surface of the substrate opposite the first surface;
a continuous winding comprising turns encircling the core and the substrate, the continuous winding extending in a longitudinal direction with a first gap defined between adjacent turns;
the turns segregated into a plurality of winding segments, each winding segment comprising a plurality of turns; and
a second gap defined between adjacent winding segments, wherein the second gap is larger than the first gap.

US Pat. No. 10,461,394

ANTENNA ENCLOSURE, BRACKETS, AND DAS SYSTEM

BEAM WIRELESS, INC., Gre...

1. A communications device for mounting to an environmental element comprising:an enclosure having walls defining an interior area and an opening, the walls including at least one first wall and at least one second wall;
a cover attachable to the opening so as to close the opening;
mounting structure for mounting the enclosure to the environmental element in a predetermined orientation so that the first wall is oriented in a vertically and the second wall is oriented horizontally;
an antenna bracket having a bracket mounting portion with a flange, a first bend adjacent the bracket mounting portion, a central portion having a first leg, a second leg, and a second bend between the first leg and the second leg, the antenna bracket also having an antenna mounting portion and a third bend between the antenna mounting portion and the second leg, the first leg adjacent the first bend extending substantially perpendicular to the bracket mounting portion, the second leg extending substantially perpendicular to the first leg and substantially parallel to the bracket mounting portion, the antenna bracket being mounted via the bracket mounting portion to at least one of the first wall and the second wall in the interior area, the antenna bracket being a unitary metallic element; and
an antenna mounted to the antenna mounting portion of the antenna bracket, the third bend being configured so that the antenna mounting portion and the second leg are substantially non-perpendicular and so that when the enclosure is mounted in the predetermined orientation a ground plane of the antenna extends along a non-horizontal plane, the third bend including a surface irregularity in the form of at least one opening extending through the antenna bracket along the third bend to weaken the antenna bracket along the third bend for preferential bending along the third bend rather than along the first bend or the second bend for selective adjustment of an orientation of the antenna mounting portion and the ground plane.

US Pat. No. 10,461,393

BIDIRECTIONAL COUPLER, MONITOR CIRCUIT, AND FRONT-END CIRCUIT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A bidirectional coupler comprising:a multilayer substrate; and
a first main line, a second main line, and a sub line, wherein the first main line, the second main line, and the sub line are provided in or on the multilayer substrate,
wherein the sub line includes a first line portion being a portion electromagnetically coupled with the first main line and an even number of second line portions being portions electromagnetically coupled with the second main line, one half of the even number of second line portions are provided between the first line portion and one end portion of the sub line, and another half of the even number of second line portions are provided between the first line portion and another end portion of the sub line.

US Pat. No. 10,461,384

FREQUENCY SELECTIVE LIMITER

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A frequency selective limiter comprising:a magnetic material having first and second opposing surfaces; and
a plurality of conductors disposed on the first surface of the magnetic material to form a coplanar waveguide transmission line, wherein a first one of said plurality of conductors corresponding to a first signal conductor having a width which decreases from a first end of the coplanar waveguide transmission line to a second, different end of the coplanar waveguide transmission line.

US Pat. No. 10,461,378

METHOD FOR PRODUCING LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A method for producing a lithium ion secondary battery comprising a solid solution positive electrode active material represented by the following composition formula:Li(2-0.5x)Mn1-xM1.5xO3 wherein x satisfies 0 the method comprising:
repeatedly charging and discharging the lithium ion secondary battery in charging cycles and discharging cycles, respectively,
the discharging of the lithium ion secondary battery being carried out at a lower current density than a current density during the charging of the lithium ion secondary battery, during each of the charging and discharging cycles until the lithium ion secondary battery has been activated, and
a lower limit value of a battery voltage during each of the discharging cycles of the lithium ion secondary battery being set to a value of 2.0 V to 3.0 V.

US Pat. No. 10,461,373

ADDING DRY METAL OXIDE FOR METAL NITRIDE PARTICLES TO IMPROVE BATTERY CYCLE LIFE AND POWER PERFORMANCE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An assembled electrochemical cell comprising an anode comprising micrometer-size or sub-micrometer size particles of an anode material for cyclically intercalating and de-intercalating lithium ions or sodium ions, a cathode comprising micrometer-size or sub-micrometer size particles of a cathode material for intercalating and de-intercalating the ions utilized in the anode, and a non-aqueous electrolyte composed for transporting ions between the anode and cathode,the electrochemical cell further being characterized by the presence of nanometer-size particles of a basic metal nitride which are mixed with the particles of electrode material for at least one of the anode and cathode, the resulting mixture or mixtures constituting particles of electrode material utilized in the electrochemical cell, the composition and amount of the metal nitride being determined for chemically neutralizing acidic contaminants formed in the operation of the electrochemical cell and for adsorbing incidental water.

US Pat. No. 10,461,365

CONDUCTIVE MATERIAL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD AND PURIFICATION METHOD FOR SAME, AND NON AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION AND ANTISTATIC AGENT USING SAID CONDUCTIVE MATERIAL

NIPPON SHOKUBAI CO., LTD....

1. A method for producing a conductive material, wherein the conductive material comprises a fluorosulfonylimide salt represented bythe following formula (1)

wherein X is F or a C1-C6 fluoroalkyl group, and at least one organic solvent selected from the group consisting of a carbonate solvent, an ester solvent, a ketone solvent and an alcohol solvent, and
wherein the conductive material has an ion conductivity, comprising the step of filtering a solution comprising the fluorosulfonylimide salt by using a filter medium comprising at least one material selected from the group consisting of a cellulose resin, a polyester resin, a silicon dioxide material and activated carbon,
wherein the conductive material is characterized in that it is filtered using a filter medium having a retained particle diameter of 0.05 ?m or more or 200 ?m or less and, after filtration, the turbidity is 50 NFU/mol-LiFSI or less when measured at 25° C. by a scattering light measuring method using a formazan standard solution.

US Pat. No. 10,461,357

MATERIALS EXCHANGING DEVICE OF WINDING EQUIPMENT FOR A BATTERY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A BATTERY USING THE MATERIALS EXCHANGING DEVICE

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A materials exchanging device of winding equipment for a battery, the materials exchanging device comprising:a supply material unit to couple to a supply material roll and supplying materials to a winding member; and
a standby material unit to couple to a standby material roll and hinged to the supply material unit,
wherein an angle of the standby material roll with respect to the supply material unit varies based on hinge-rotation of the standby material unit to have the standby material roll face a supply rotation shaft of the supply material roll.

US Pat. No. 10,461,355

ASSEMBLY DEVICE FOR BATTERY COMPONENT

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An assembly device for a battery component, comprising:a chuck configured to grip a battery housing, at least one exhaust passage being inside the chuck, at least one dust-collecting port to which the at least one exhaust passage opens being in an outer peripheral surface of the chuck; and
a suction machine that is connected to the at least one exhaust passage.

US Pat. No. 10,461,354

FUEL CELL SYSTEM

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:a fuel cell stack in which a plurality of power generation cells are stacked, each of the power generation cells generating electricity by causing electrochemical reactions between a fuel gas and an oxidant gas; and
a stack case in which the fuel cell stack is accommodated,
wherein the stack case includes
a pair of end plates that are disposed at both ends of the fuel cell stack in a stacking direction in which the power generation cells are stacked,
a pair of side plates that are disposed along side surfaces of fuel cell stack,
an upper plate that is disposed above the fuel cell stack, and
a lower plate that is disposed below the fuel cell stack,
wherein a loop-shaped upper sealing member is disposed between the upper plate and the pair of end plates and between the upper plate and the pair of side plates,
wherein a loop-shaped lower sealing member is disposed between the lower plate and the pair of end plates and between the lower plate and the pair of side plates,
wherein at least one of the upper sealing member or the lower sealing member includes rectangularly oriented sides and at least one corner having an extension portion for length adjustment, the extension portion extends outwardly from an outer perimeter of adjacent sides of the rectangularly oriented sides, and
wherein the at least one of the upper sealing member or the lower sealing member has a constant cross-sectional shape from a first adjacent side of the adjacent sides through the extension portion to a second adjacent side of the adjacent sides.

US Pat. No. 10,461,350

ELECTROCHEMICAL REACTION CELL ENHANCING REDUCTION REACTION

Korea Institute of Scienc...

1. An electrochemical reaction cell enhancing a reduction reaction, comprising:a membrane electrode assembly including an electrolytic membrane, a cathode formed by sequentially stacking a first gas diffusion layer and a first catalyst layer on a first surface of the electrolytic membrane, and an anode formed by sequentially stacking a second catalyst layer and a second gas diffusion layer on a second surface of the electrolytic membrane;
a first distribution plate stacked on the first catalyst layer to supply a reaction gas and a cathode electrolytic solution dissolved with the reaction gas to the first catalyst layer along separate channels, so that the cathode electrolytic solution penetrates and diffuses the first catalyst layer and the first gas diffusion layer to encounter the reaction gas at the first catalyst layer which is in contact with the channel to which the reaction gas is supplied to form a three-phase interface; and
a second distribution plate stacked on the second gas diffusion layer to supply an anode electrolytic solution to the second gas diffusion layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,346

FUEL CELL BASED POWER GENERATOR AND FUEL CARTRIDGE

Honeywell International I...

1. A power generator comprising:a power generator cavity adapted to receive a fuel cartridge, the fuel cartridge including a water vapor responsive hydrogen producing fuel, the power generator cavity having an upper surface, a lower surface opposite the upper surface, a first side joining the upper surface and the lower surface, and an open second side opposite the first side, the upper surface including perforations adapted to allow passage of water vapor;
a protrusion disposed within the power generator cavity to engage a check valve of the fuel cartridge;
a fuel cell disposed along the cartridge upper surface to convert hydrogen and oxygen to electricity and to generate water vapor;
a case channel disposed along the lower surface of the power generator cavity, the case channel arranged to transport hydrogen along a lower surface of the power generator cavity to a first side of the power generator cavity;
a hydrogen transport channel disposed along the first side and the upper surface of the power generator cavity to transport hydrogen from the case channel to the fuel cell and to transport water vapor to the power generator cavity;
a first hydrogen impermeable water vapor permeable membrane disposed between the water vapor responsive hydrogen producing fuel and the perforations in the case to direct passage of water vapor from ambient to the power generator cavity; and
a second hydrogen impermeable water vapor permeable membrane disposed along a lower surface of the hydrogen transport channel and along an upper surface of the power generator cavity to direct water vapor generated by the fuel cell to the power generator cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,461,342

EXTERNAL MANIFOLD FOR MINIMIZING EXTERNAL LEAKAGE OF REACTANT FROM CELL STACK

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A fuel cell assembly, comprising:a stack of fuel cell component elements, the stack having a first end, a second end opposite to the first end, a first side extending from the first end to the second end, a second side extending from the first end to the second end, a third side extending from the first end to the second end, and a fourth side extending from the first end to the second end;
a first oxidant manifold coupled to the first side of the stack of fuel cell component elements, the first oxidant manifold including a first inboard side flange and a second inboard side flange that divide the first oxidant manifold between a first oxidant chamber, a first coolant chamber, and a second coolant chamber;
a second oxidant manifold coupled to the second side of the stack of fuel cell component elements;
a first fuel manifold coupled to the third side of the stack of fuel cell component elements; and
a second fuel manifold coupled to the fourth side of the stack of fuel cell component elements,
wherein ends of the first oxidant manifold overlap a first side of the first fuel manifold and a first side of the second fuel manifold, and
wherein the first and second oxidant manifolds and the first and second fuel manifolds are arranged to prevent leakage of fuel and oxidant from the stack and the manifolds to an external environment.

US Pat. No. 10,461,341

FUEL CELL SYSTEM

PANASONIC CORPORATION, O...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:a hydrodesulfurizer configured to remove a sulfur compound from raw material and configured to be heated with heat of exhaust gas flowing in the fuel cell system;
a fuel cell configured to generate power through an electrochemical reaction using fuel and oxidant gas supplied to the fuel cell, the fuel being obtained by reforming the raw material from which the sulfur compound has been removed by the hydrodesulfurizer;
an introduction passage through which the exhaust gas that is to heat the hydrodesulfurizer passes;
an air passage through which the oxidant gas is supplied to a cathode of the fuel cell;
a first heat exchanger configured to preheat, with heat of the exhaust gas passing through the introduction passage, the oxidant gas in the air passage to be supplied to the cathode of the fuel cell;
a second heat exchanger configured to preheat, with heat of exhaust gas passing through a passage other than the introduction passage, the oxidant gas in the air passage to be preheated by the first heat exchanger;
a heating device configured to heat the hydrodesulfurizer with heat of the exhaust gas flowing in the fuel cell system,
wherein the air passage is configured to pass the oxidant gas through the second heat exchanger and the first heat exchanger, and
wherein the hydrodesulfurizer is disposed on the heating device so as to be in surface contact with the heating device.

US Pat. No. 10,461,339

DETERMINATION OF A SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE PERMEABILITY OF AN ELECTROCHEMICAL - CELL ELECTRODE

1. A method for producing an electrochemical cell, comprising:providing a reference electrochemical cell including two electrodes separated from each other by an electrolyte and placed between two bipolar plates configured to supply reactive species to the two electrodes and to remove heat produced by the reference electrochemical cell in operation, and having a spatial distribution of local temperature values within the reference electrochemical cell in operation such that at least one local temperature value is greater than or equal to a preset maximum local temperature value,
at least one electrode of the two electrodes including a diffusion layer configured to ensure diffusion of the supplied reactive species as far as the electrolyte, and
the diffusion layer having a parameter of interest (k) representative of a permeability of the diffusion layer, the parameter of interest (k) being spatially distributed with an initial distribution (kx,yi);
determining a spatial distribution (kx,yf) of the parameter of interest (k) for the reference electrochemical cell in operation by:
defining a spatial distribution (Tx,yc) of a set-point temperature (Tc) within the reference electrochemical cell in operation, the spatial distribution (Tx,yc) being such that the local temperature values are lower than the preset maximum local temperature value,
measuring a spatial distribution (Dx,yr) of a first thermal quantity (Dr) representative of local removal of heat within the reference electrochemical cell in operation,
estimating a spatial distribution (Qx,ye) of a second thermal quantity (Qe) representative of local production of heat within the reference electrochemical cell in operation, the estimating depending on the defined spatial distribution (Tx,yc) of the set-point temperature (Tc) and on the measured spatial distribution (Dx,yr) of the first thermal quantity (Dr), such that an effective temperature of the reference electrochemical cell in operation is substantially equal to the defined spatial distribution (Tx,yc) of the set-point temperature (Tc), and
determining the spatial distribution (kx,yf) of the parameter of interest (k) for the reference electrochemical cell in operation, depending on the estimated spatial distribution (Qx,ye) of the second thermal quantity (Qe); and
producing the electrochemical cell, based on the reference electrochemical cell and in which the parameter of interest (k) has the determined spatial distribution (kx,yf).

US Pat. No. 10,461,338

ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SHINKO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIE...

1. An electronic device comprising:a casing;
a through hole which penetrates a bottom plate of the casing;
a pin which is inserted into the through hole;
a battery which is mounted on the pin inside the casing, wherein the battery comprises a first lead terminal connected to an upper face of the battery, and a second lead terminal connected to a lower face of the battery;
a first wiring layer which is disposed inside the casing and connected to the first lead terminal;
a pressure sensitive adhesive sheet which is fixed to the pin and temporarily bonded to an outer face of the bottom plate; and
a second wiring layer which is disposed inside the casing so as to overlap with the second lead terminal in planar view,
wherein an upper face of the pin is set to be higher in height than an upper face of the second wiring layer, and
the pin separates the second lead terminal and the second wiring layer from each other such that the second lead terminal and the second wiring layer are electrically insulated from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,461,337

OXIDE ALL-SOLID-STATE BATTERY

JAPAN ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. An oxide all-solid-state battery comprising a cathode active material layer, an anode active material layer mainly comprising silicon, and a solid electrolyte layer disposed between the cathode active material layer and the anode active material layer,wherein the solid electrolyte layer is a layer mainly comprising a garnet-type oxide solid electrolyte sintered body represented by the following formula (1):
(Lix-3y-z, Ey, Hz)L?M?O?  Formula (1)where E is at least one kind of element selected from the group consisting of Al and Ga; L is at least one kind of element selected from the group consisting of an alkaline-earth metal element and a lanthanoid element; M is at least one kind of element selected from a transition element that can be six-coordinated with oxygen and typical elements in the Groups 12 to 15; x, y and z are real numbers that satisfy 5?x-3y-z?7, 0?y<0.22 and 0?z<2.0, respectively; and ?, ? and ? are real numbers that satisfy 2.5???3.5, 1.5???2.5 and 11???13, respectively;wherein a solid electrolyte interface layer is disposed between the anode active material layer and the solid electrolyte layer;
wherein the solid electrolyte interface layer comprises at least a Si element and an O element; and
wherein a laminate comprising at least the anode active material layer, the solid electrolyte interface layer and the solid electrolyte layer has peaks at positions where 2?=32.3°±0.5°, 37.6°±0.5°, 43.8°±0.5°, and 57.7°±0.5° in a XRD spectrum obtained by XRD measurement using CuK? irradiation.

US Pat. No. 10,461,332

GRAPHENE AND POWER STORAGE DEVICE, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

6. A power storage device comprising:an electrolyte comprising lithium salt; and
an electrode comprising:
a current collector; and
an active material layer over the current collector, the active material layer comprising:
a particle of an active material; and
a graphene comprising hydrogen atoms, carbon atoms and oxygen atoms,
wherein the graphene is a one-atom-thick sheet or a stack of 2 to 100 layers of the sheet,
wherein the graphene has a two-dimensional structure and has a sheet-like shape,
wherein a proportion of the carbon atoms measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is higher than or equal to 80% and lower than 90%,
wherein a proportion of the oxygen atoms measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is higher than or equal to 10% and lower than 20%,
wherein a sum of the proportion of the carbon atoms and the proportion of the oxygen atoms is lower than 100%,
wherein, in bonds of the carbon atoms, a proportion of sp2-bonded carbon atoms among the carbon atoms measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is higher than or equal to 50% and lower than or equal to 80%, and
wherein the graphene and the particle of the active material are randomly dispersed in the active material layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,328

CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL USED FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY USING SAME

HITACHI METALS, LTD., To...

1. A cathode active material used for a lithium ion secondary battery, comprising a plurality of secondary particles formed via agglomeration of a plurality of primary particles of a lithium transition metal composite oxide, whereinspreading resistance distributions of the secondary particles observed in cross-sections at three selected positions of the cathode active material are measured, and average values of spreading resistance of the secondary particles observed in the cross sections are calculated;
the calculated three average values of spreading resistance are further averaged; and
when an averaged value thus obtained is defined as a value of spreading resistance of the cathode active material, the averaged value thus defined is 1.0×106 ?/cm or more and 1.0×1010 ?/cm or less.

US Pat. No. 10,461,327

POSITIVE ELECTRODE FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A positive electrode for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, the positive electrode comprising:a positive current collector;
a coating layer including graphite, the coating layer coating the positive current collector;
a positive active material having a composition represented by Chemical Formula 1; and
a conductive auxiliary agent having a BET specific surface area of about 39 m2/g to about 215 m2/g,
LixNiyMn2-y-zMzO4  Chemical Formula 1
wherein,
M is at least one metal element selected from a transition metal, aluminum, magnesium, gallium, indium, and lanthanum, the transition metal being a transition metal other than nickel (Ni) or manganese (Mn), and
x, y, and z are within the ranges: 0.02?x?1.10, 0.25?y?0.6, and 0.0?z?0.10.

US Pat. No. 10,461,321

ALKALI METAL-SULFUR SECONDARY BATTERY CONTAINING A PRE-SULFURIZED CATHODE AND PRODUCTION PROCESS

Nanotek Instruments, Inc....

1. An electrochemical method of producing a pre-sulfurized active cathode layer for a rechargeable alkali metal-sulfur cell, said method comprising:(a) preparing an integral layer of a meso-porous structure of a carbon, graphite, metal, or conductive polymer, wherein said meso-porous structure comprises meso-scaled pores of 2-50 nm and a specific surface area greater than 100 m2/g and wherein said carbon, graphite, metal, or conductive polymer is selected from chemically etched or expanded soft carbon, chemically etched or expanded hard carbon, exfoliated activated carbon, chemically etched or expanded carbon black, chemically etched multi-walled carbon nanotube, nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube, boron-doped carbon nanotube, chemically doped carbon nanotube, ion-implanted carbon nanotube, chemically treated multi-walled carbon nanotube with an inter-planar separation no less than 0.4 nm, chemically expanded carbon nanofiber, chemically activated carbon nanotube, chemically activated graphite fiber, chemically activated carbonized polymer fiber, chemically treated coke, activated meso-phase carbon, meso-porous carbon, electro-spun conductive nanofiber, highly separated vapor-grown carbon or graphite nanofiber, highly separated carbon nanotube, carbon nanowire, metal nanowire, metal-coated nanowire or nanofiber, conductive polymer-coated nanowire or nanofiber, or a combination thereof, and wherein said meso-porous structure comprises 0-49% by weight of sulfur or sulfur-containing compound pre-loaded therein and an optional binder material of 0-10% by weight;
(b) preparing an electrolyte comprising a non-aqueous solvent and a sulfur source dissolved or dispersed in said solvent;
(c) preparing an anode;
(d) bringing said integral layer of meso-porous structure and said anode in ionic contact with said electrolyte and imposing an electric current between said anode and said integral layer of meso-porous structure, serving as a cathode, with a sufficient current density for a sufficient period of time to electrochemically deposit nano-scaled sulfur particles or coating in said meso-pores to form said pre-sulfurized active cathode layer, wherein said particles or coating have a thickness or diameter smaller than 3 nm and occupy a weight fraction of greater than 80% based on the total weights of said sulfur particles or coating and said integral layer combined, have a thickness or diameter smaller than 5 nm and occupy a weight fraction of greater than 90% based on the total weights of said sulfur particles or coating and said integral layer combined, or have a thickness or diameter smaller than 10 nm and occupy a weight fraction of greater than 95% based on the total weights of said sulfur particles or coating and said integral layer combined; and
(e) depositing an element Z to said meso-porous structure and said Z element is selected from Sn, Sb, and/or Bi.

US Pat. No. 10,461,315

METHOD OF PRODUCING ELECTRODE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method of producing an electrode comprising:preparing a temperature responsive polymer swelling when the temperature responsive polymer absorbs a solvent at a temperature that is lower than a lower critical solution temperature of the temperature responsive polymer and contracting when the temperature responsive polymer releases the solvent at a temperature that is equal to or higher than the lower critical solution temperature;
preparing wet granules by mixing the temperature responsive polymer, the solvent, and active material particles;
molding an active material film by sandwiching the wet granules between a first molding tool and a second molding tool, the first molding tool being maintained at a temperature that is lower than the lower critical solution temperature, the second molding tool being maintained at a temperature that is equal to or higher than the lower critical solution temperature, the active material film including a first main surface and a second main surface, the first main surface being molded by the first molding tool, and the second main surface being molded by the second molding tool; and
compressing the active material film by sandwiching the active material film between a third molding tool and a fourth molding tool, the third molding tool and the fourth molding tool being maintained at a temperature that is equal to or higher than the lower critical solution temperature; and
disposing the active material film on a surface of a current collector such that the first main surface is positioned on a side of the active material film opposite to the current collector.

US Pat. No. 10,461,303

ELECTRODE STACK STRUCTURE AND BATTERY HAVING ELECTRODE STACK STRUCTURE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An electrode stack structure comprising:a plurality of first electrode layers, each first electrode layer having a first polarity;
a plurality of second electrode layers, each second electrode layer having a second polarity, which is different than the first polarity, wherein the first electrode layers and the second electrode layers are alternately disposed; and
a separator, which is disposed between each first electrode layer and second electrode layer,
wherein the first electrode layers and the second electrode layers have multiple tabs
comprising a first tab and a second tab that is spaced apart from the first tab,
wherein the first tabs of the first electrode layers are connected to a first lead, and
wherein the second tabs of the first electrode layers are electrically connected to each other by a first connection unit which is different from the first lead, and
wherein the first tabs of the second electrode layers are connected to a second lead, and
wherein the second tabs of the second electrode layers are electrically connected to each other by a second connection unit which is different from the second lead,
the electrode stack structure further comprising
a first electrode line that electrically connects the first lead with at least one second tab of the first electrode layers and has a width smaller than the width of the first lead, wherein an end of the first electrode line is connected to the first lead and spaced from the first tabs of the first electrode layers; and
a second electrode line that electrically connects the second lead with at least one second tab of the second electrode layers and has a width smaller than the width of the second lead, wherein an end of the second electrode line is connected to the second lead and spaced from the first tabs of the second electrode layers.

US Pat. No. 10,461,301

BATTERY PACK FOR A HAND-HELD POWER TOOL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A CURRENT-CARRYING CONNECTION, PREFERABLY A CELL CONNECTOR OF A BATTERY PACK FOR A HAND-HELD POWER TOOL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A battery pack for a hand-held power tool, comprising:a battery pack housing accommodating at least two battery cells, each battery cell having a lateral surface running parallel to a longitudinal axis, the lateral surface being delimited by two end faces extending perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis, wherein an electrical pole of the battery cell is located on each end face, and wherein the lateral surfaces of the battery cells are parallel to each other; and
at least one cell connector to connect two battery cells of the at least two battery cells in at least one of parallel and series, the cell connector being connected to an electrical pole of the first battery cell and to an electrical pole of the second battery cell using a welding method, wherein the cell connector has at least two at least partially overlapping, current-carrying cross-sectional areas in an unwelded area between the electrical poles of the battery cells so that a current which flows between the electrical poles of the two battery cells is fed at a low electrical resistance into the at least two cross-sectional areas,
wherein the cell connector is configured to connect the battery cells only on one lateral side of the cell connector,
wherein:
the cell connector includes a conductor;
the connection of the cell connector to the pole of the first battery cell is by a welded connection of a first end area of the conductor to the pole of the first battery cell;
the connection of the cell connector to the pole of the second battery cell is by a welded connection of a second end area of the conductor to the pole of the second battery cell;
an edge of the conductor that is not welded to the poles of the first and second battery cells is bent over, along an x axis with a bend that has a bending angle of between 170° and 190°, onto, and welded to, the first and second end areas of the conductor; and
the x axis is parallel or orthogonal to a connecting z axis between the poles of the first and second battery cells.

US Pat. No. 10,461,297

LAMINATED BODY

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY...

1. A laminated body, comprising:a porous base material containing a polyolefin-based resin as a main component; and
a porous layer on at least one surface of the porous base material, the porous layer containing a polyvinylidene fluoride-based resin,
the porous base material having a parameter X of not more than 20, the parameter X being calculated in accordance with a formula below, where MD tan ? represents a tan ? measured in a machine direction through a viscoelasticity measurement performed at a frequency of 10 Hz and a temperature of 90° C., and TD tan ? represents a tan ? measured in a transverse direction through the viscoelasticity measurement,
X=100×|MD tan ??TD tan ?|/{(MD tan ?+TD tan ?)/2}
the polyvinylidene fluoride-based resin containing crystal form ? in an amount of not less than 36 mol % with respect to 100 mol % of a total amount of the crystal form ? and crystal form ? contained in the polyvinylidene fluoride-based resin,
where the amount of the crystal form ? is calculated from an absorption intensity at around 765 cm?1 in an IR spectrum of the porous layer, and an amount of the crystal form ? is calculated from an absorption intensity at around 840 cm?1 in the IR spectrum of the porous layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,291

CURRENT-INTERRUPT DEVICE FOR BATTERY CELL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A current-interrupt device for a battery cell, the current-interrupt comprising:a plate defining a hole;
a diaphragm joined to the plate and covering a top of the hole;
a cover sealing a bottom of the hole; and
a dielectric fluid disposed in the hole, wherein, the diaphragm and the cover are movable, responsive to cell pressure exceeding a threshold, separating the diaphragm from the plate forming a gap therebetween and releasing the fluid into the gap, and preventing current from arching across the gap.

US Pat. No. 10,461,283

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE AND REPAIR METHOD THEREOF

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A repair method of an organic light emitting display device including a plurality of pixels, each pixel among the plurality of pixels including an organic light emitting diode (OLED) in every pixel area defined as a plurality of scan lines and a plurality of data lines intersecting with each other, and the organic light emitting display device further including a repair structure in a horizontal direction by one or more repair lines between two or more adjacent pixels among the plurality of pixels, the repair method comprising:cutting a connection between a driving thin-film transistor (TFT) defective in operation and an anode electrode of an OLED of a first pixel among the two or more adjacent pixels;
repairing a source electrode of an in-defective driving TFT of a second pixel and the anode electrode of the OLED of the first pixel by welding the repair line and the source electrode of the driving TFT of the second pixel adjacent to the first pixel; and
operating the OLED of the first pixel through the in-defective driving TFT of the second pixel,
wherein the repair line extends from the end of the anode electrode of the OLED of the first pixel to overlap the source electrode of the driving TFT of the second pixel, and
wherein the repairing includes welding the repair line and the source electrode of the driving TFT of the second pixel to connect the repair line and the source electrode of the driving TFT of the second pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,461,273

DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING A STRUCTURE TO PREVENT DAMAGE TO A BENT PORTION OF A FLEXIBLE DISPLAY

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a flexible display including a display region and a peripheral region arranged in a length direction, the flexible display being bent in the peripheral region around an axis extending in a width direction orthogonal to the length direction, the flexible display being provided with a light-emitting element layer in the display region; and
a spacer disposed inside a bend of the flexible display and including both end portions on both sides in the width direction, the spacer including a guide surface regulating the bend,
a first reinforcement film on the display region of the flexible display;
a second reinforcement film on the peripheral region of the flexible display;
a semiconductor circuit chip on the peripheral region; and
a flexible board on the peripheral region, wherein
the both end portions of the spacer project from the flexible display in the width direction,
a side end portion of the first reinforcement film is in contact with a first side end portion of the second reinforcement film,
a second side end portion of the second reinforcement film is in contact with one side of the semiconductor circuit chip,
a third side end portion of the second reinforcement film is in contact with another side of the semiconductor circuit chip,
the second reinforcement film is continuously formed from the first side end portion to the second side end portion, and
the first reinforcement film, the first side end portion, the second side end portion, the semiconductor circuit chip, the third side end portion, and the flexible board are arranged in this order along a surface of the flexible display.

US Pat. No. 10,461,272

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A method of manufacturing a display device, the method comprising:preparing a first substrate;
disposing a pixel defining layer on the first substrate, the pixel defining layer configured to define an emissive area and a transmissive area;
disposing a first electrode in the emissive area;
disposing an organic light emitting layer on the first electrode;
disposing a second electrode in the emissive area and the transmissive area;
disposing a mask on the second electrode and injecting a modifying agent; and
disposing a second substrate facing the first substrate,
wherein the mask has a blocking portion corresponding to the emissive area, a transmissive portion corresponding to the transmissive area, and a stopper disposed on a rear surface of the mask at a boundary between the blocking portion and the transmissive portion.

US Pat. No. 10,461,267

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A flexible display panel comprising:a flexible substrate including a display area and a peripheral area outside of the display area;
a wire or an organic layer disposed over the flexible substrate;
a polarizer disposed over the flexible substrate;
a lower film under the flexible substrate; and
an acryl-based resin layer disposed in the peripheral area, not disposed in the display area, and having a curvature radius which is greater than a curvature radius of the wire or the organic layer overlapping the acryl-based resin layer in a first direction perpendicular to an upper surface of the flexible substrate,
wherein:
the peripheral area of the flexible substrate in which the acryl-based resin layer is disposed is bent along a first bending line towards a rear side of the display area,
the acryl-based resin layer overlaps the first bending line in the first direction,
a side surface of the acryl-based resin layer is in contact with a side surface of the polarizer, and
a bottom side of the lower film includes at least one depression.

US Pat. No. 10,461,264

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT ELEMENT

IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.,...

1. An organic electroluminescence device comprising a pair of electrodes and an organic compound layer therebetween, the organic compound layer comprising an emitting layer comprising: a first material; a second material; and a third material, whereinsinglet energy EgS(H1) of the first material, singlet energy EgS(H2) of the second material, and singlet energy EgS(D) of the third material satisfy a relationship of numerical formulae (1) and (2) below,
the singlet energy EgS(H1) of the first material and the singlet energy EgS(H2) of the second material satisfy a relationship of numerical formula (8) below,
a difference ?ST(H1) between the singlet energy EgS(H1) of the first material and an energy gap Eg77K(H1) at 77K of the first material satisfies a relationship of a numerical formula (3) below, and
the third material is a fluorescent material,
EgS(H1)>EgS(D)  (1)
EgS(H2)>EgS(D)  (2)
?ST(H1)=EgS(H1)?Eg77K(H1)<0.3 [eV]  (3)
EgS(H2)?EgS(H1)  (8).

US Pat. No. 10,461,262

CONDENSED CYCLIC COMPOUND AND AN ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A condensed cyclic compound represented by Formula 1:
wherein, in Formulae 1 and 2,
X1 is N or C(R11), X2 is N or C(R12), and X3 is N or C(R13), and at least one of X1 to X3 is N;
L1 to L3 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C 10 cycloalkenylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 beteroarylene, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a1 to a3 are each independently an integer selected front 0 to 3, wherein, when a1 is 2 or greater, at least 2 or L1(s) are the same as or different from each other, when a2 is 2 or greater, at least 2 L2(s) are the same as or different from each other, and when a3 is 2 or greater, at least 2 L3(s) are the same as or different from each other;
Ar1 and Ar2 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C1 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted-C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
one of R1 and R2 is a group represented by Formula 2 and the other of R1 and R2 is hydrogen;
R3, R4, R5 and R6 are each hydrogen;
R7, R8 and R11 to R13 are each independently selected from a group represented by Formula 2, hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C 10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —Si(Q1)(Q2)(Q3), —N(Q1)(Q2), —B(Q1)(Q2),—C(?O)(Q1), —S(?O)2(Q1), or —P(?O)(Q1)(Q2);
R7 and R8 are optionally linked to form a saturated or unsaturated ring;
at least one of R1 or R2 is a group represented by Formula 2;
* indicates a binding site to a neighboring atom; and
at least one substituent of the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, substituted C6 -C60 arylene group, substituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, substituted C6-C60 aryl group, substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group is selected from:
deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, or a C1-C60 alkoxy group;
a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C3-C 10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6 -C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —Si(Q11)(Q12)(Q13),—N(Q11)(Q12), —B(Q11)(Q12), —C(?O)(Q11), —S(?O)2(Q11), and —P(?O)(Q11)(Q12);
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6 -C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, a biphenyl group, or a terphenyl group;
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group. a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6 C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, 13 Si(Q21)(Q22)(Q23), —N(Q21)(Q22), —B(Q21)(Q22), —C(?O)(Q21), —S(?O)2(Q21), and —P(?O)(Q21)(Q22); or
—Si(Q31)(Q32)(Q33), —N (Q31)(Q32), —B(Q31)(Q32), —C(?O)(Q31), —S(?O)2(Q31), or —P(?O)(Q31)(Q32),
wherein Q1 to Q3, Q11 to Q13, Q21 to Q23, and Q31 to Q33 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C60 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryl group substituted with a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group substituted with a C6-C60 aryl group, a terphenyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group substituted with a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group substituted with a C6-C60 aryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

US Pat. No. 10,461,260

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT MATERIALS AND DEVICES

Universal Display Corpora...

1. A first device comprising a first organic light emitting device, the first organic light emitting device comprising:an anode;
a cathode; and
an emissive layer, disposed between the anode and the cathode, wherein the emissive layer comprises a first light emitting compound having a structure according to Formula 1:

wherein Rf is hydrogen and Ra to Re, Rg, R1 and R2 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halide, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heteroalkyl, arylalkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, amino, silyl, alkenyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroalkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, heteroaryl, acyl, carbonyl, carboxylic acids, ester, nitrile, isonitrile, sulfanyl, sulfinyl, sulfonyl, phosphino, and combinations thereof; and
wherein Ar1 is

wherein Ar2 and Ar3 are independently substituted or unsubstituted aryl or heteroaryl, and Ar1, Ar2, and Ar3 are not connected to one another to form fused ring(s),
wherein L is a direct bond or a linker;
wherein the first light emitting compound emits a luminescent radiation at room temperature when a voltage is applied across the organic light emitting device; and
wherein the luminescent radiation comprises a delayed fluorescence process.

US Pat. No. 10,461,258

COMPOUND

IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.,...

1. A compound represented by the following formula (1):
wherein in the formula (1), Xs are independently a nitrogen atom or CH, and at least two Xs are nitrogen atoms;
Ar1 and Ar2 are independently a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon group including 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms or a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic heterocyclic group including 5 to 30 ring atoms;
L1 and L2 are independently a single bond or a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon group including 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms;
Ar3 is a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon group including 6 to 15 ring carbon atoms;
Ar4 is a substituted or unsubstituted 6-membered nitrogen-containing aromatic monocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted nitrogen-containing aromatic fused ring group in which two or more 6-membered rings are fused; and
Ar5 is represented by any of the following formulas (11) to (13):

wherein in the formula (11), any one of A1 to A12 is a carbon atom that is used for bonding with Ar3, any two of A1 to A12 that are not used for bonding with Ar3 are CR1s, the two R1s are bonded with each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted 6-membered ring, and remaining A1 to A12 are independently a nitrogen atom or CR2; and
R2 is a hydrogen atom or a substituent;
wherein in the formula (12), any one of A21 to A32 is a carbon atom that is used for bonding with Ar3, any two of A21 to A32 that are not used for bonding with Ar3 are CR1s, the two R1s are bonded with each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted 6-membered ring, and remaining A21 to A32 are independently a nitrogen atom or CR2; and
wherein in the formula (13), any one of A41 to A52 is a carbon atom that is used for bonding with Ar3, any two of A41 to A52 that are not used for bonding with Ar3 are CR1s, the two R1s are bonded with each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted 6-membered ring, and remaining A41 to A52 are independently a nitrogen atom or CR2.

US Pat. No. 10,461,257

ANTHRACENE DERIVATIVES, LUMINESCENT MATERIALS AND ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICES

IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.,...

1. An anthracene derivative comprising a phenanthryl group, the anthracene derivative being represented by formula (1-1):
wherein:
L1 represents a single bond in formula (1-1),
Ar1 represents a group represented by formula (2):

or a substituted or unsubstituted fused aromatic ring group having 10 to 50 ring-forming carbon atoms,
wherein the phenanthryl group is bound to the anthracene group of formula (1-1) via a 3 position or 4 position of the phenanthryl group, and wherein when Ar1 represents a group other than a group represented by the above-mentioned general formula (2), and a 3-position of the phenanthryl group is bonded to the anthracene skeleton, Ar1 represents a group other than an unsubstituted 3-phenanthryl group;
wherein substituents Rx, Ra, and Rb each independently represent a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl group having 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl group having 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 20 ring-forming carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 50 ring-forming carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group having 5 to 50 ring-forming atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsilyl group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylsilyl group having 6 to 50 ring-forming carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylgermanium group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted arylgermanium group having 6 to 50 ring-forming carbon atoms;
“p” represents an integer of 0 to 8, “q” represents an integer of 0 to 9, and “y” represents an integer of 0 to 4, and when “p” represents 2 to 8, “q” represents 2 to 9, or “y” represents 2 to 4, a plurality of Rx's a plurality of Ra's, or a plurality of Rb's may be identical to or different from each other, provided that a case where all Rx, Ra, and Rb each represent an anthracenyl group is excluded; and
Arz represents a substituent selected from the group consisting of a substituted or unsubstituted naphthyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted phenanthryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted anthracenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted benzanthracenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted naphthacenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted fluoranthenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted benzofluoranthenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted triphenylenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted chrysenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted pyrenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted benzophenanthryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted benzochrysenyl group, and a substituted or unsubstituted heterocycle-containing group having 3 to 50 nucleus forming atoms, when Arz has a plurality of substituents, a plurality of adjacent substituents may be bonded to each other to form in a saturated or unsaturated divalent group that completes a ring.

US Pat. No. 10,461,254

METHODS OF GRAPHENE GROWTH AND RELATED STRUCTURES

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A device, comprising:a substrate having a first surface that includes a curved region;
a conformal graphene layer disposed over the substrate, wherein the conformal graphene layer includes a second surface that follows a first surface contour of the curved region to provide a curved graphene layer within the curved region; and
a source/drain electrode in contact with the conformal graphene layer outside the curved region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,251

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING INTEGRATED CIRCUIT USING ENCAPSULATION DURING AN ETCH PROCESS

EVERSPIN TECHNOLOGIES, IN...

1. A method of fabricating a magnetoresistive bit from a magnetoresistive stack including (i) a first magnetic region, (ii) an intermediate region disposed over the first magnetic region, and (iii) a second magnetic region disposed over the intermediate region, the method comprising:etching through a first portion of the magnetoresistive stack using a first etch process to form one or more sidewalls, wherein at least a portion of the sidewalls includes redeposited material after the etching;
modifying at least a portion of the redeposited material on the sidewalls, wherein the modifying step includes rendering at least a portion of the redeposited material on the sidewalls electrically-nonconductive; and
etching through a second portion of the magnetoresistive stack after the modifying step.

US Pat. No. 10,461,243

TUNING MAGNETIC ANISOTROPY FOR SPIN-TORQUE MEMORY

Everspin Technologies, In...

13. A magnetoresistive device, comprising:a fixed portion, wherein a magnetic state for the fixed portion is in a predetermined state;
a free portion, wherein the free portion includes:
a first magnetic layer having a first perpendicular magnetic anisotropy field parameter, wherein the first perpendicular magnetic anisotropy field parameter corresponds to a first magnetic field that is required to move a magnetic state of the first magnetic layer from a position along an easy axis of the first magnetic layer to a position perpendicular to the easy axis of the first magnetic layer;
a second magnetic layer having second perpendicular magnetic anisotropy field parameter, wherein the second perpendicular magnetic anisotropy field parameter corresponds to a second magnetic field that is required to move a magnetic state of the second magnetic layer from a position along an easy axis of the second magnetic layer to a position perpendicular to the easy axis of the second magnetic layer, wherein the second magnetic layer is more susceptible to changes in magnetic state in response to a spin-torque switching current than the first magnetic layer; and
a coupling layer between the first magnetic layer and the second magnetic layer; and
a first dielectric layer adjacent the second magnetic layer, wherein the first dielectric layer is between the fixed portion and the free portion.

US Pat. No. 10,461,239

MICROSCALE SENSOR STRUCTURE WITH BACKSIDE CONTACTS AND PACKAGING OF THE SAME

INTERDISCIPLINARY CONSULT...

1. A microscale sensor comprising: a device layer having a front side and a back side, the front side of the device layer being positioned for exposure to a passing fluid; a support substrate at the back side of the device layer, the support substrate having contact openings for accessing a conductive backside surface at the back side of the device layer, wherein electrical connection to the device layer is not formed with a through-wafer via; and wherein the microscale sensor is configured to be flush mounted.

US Pat. No. 10,461,237

THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE

Mahle International GmbH,...

1. A thermoelectric device, comprising:a plurality of electrically conductive first threads and a plurality of electrically insulating second threads structured and arranged to define a fabric;
at least one first thread of the plurality of electrically conductive first threads including a plurality of p-doped thread sections and a plurality of n-doped thread sections arranged in alternating relationship with one another; and
the plurality of electrically conductive first threads extending in a wavy course defining a plurality of curvature-turning points;
wherein the plurality of p-doped thread sections and the plurality of n-doped thread sections are arranged in a respective curvature-turning point of the plurality of curvature-turning points; wherein one of: the plurality of electrically conductive first threads are arranged as warp threads of the fabric, and the plurality of electrically insulating second threads are arranged as weft threads of the fabric; and the plurality of electrically conductive first threads are arranged as the weft threads of the fabric, and the plurality of electrically insulating second threads are arranged as the warp threads of the fabric.

US Pat. No. 10,461,230

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE COMPONENT

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A method, comprising:providing a light emitting semiconductor structure grown on a growth substrate;
removing at least a portion of the growth substrate; and
forming a multilayer structure arranged to guide light out from a surface of the light emitting semiconductor structure, the multilayer structure covering the surface of the light emitting structure, the multilayer structure comprising a plurality of layers, wherein an i+1:th layer is arranged on top an i:th layer in a sequence as seen from the light emitting semiconductor structure, wherein a refractive index, ni, of the i:th layer is greater than a refractive index, ni+1, of the i+1:th layer, wherein the value of i is selected from the set of positive integers, wherein a thickness of the i+1:th layer is greater than a thickness of the i:th layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,220

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

IMEC, Leuven (BE)

1. A method of fabricating a light-emitting semiconductor device, the method comprising:providing a light-emitting layer stack;
forming a stop layer over the light-emitting layer stack;
forming a light-transmission layer on the stop layer, the light-transmission layer formed of a crystalline III-V semiconductor material that is optically transmissive to emission wavelengths of the light-emitting layer stack;
patterning a mask layer on the light-transmission layer such that portions of the light-transmission layer are exposed;
thermally texturing in an atmosphere comprising molecular hydrogen (H2) and ammonia, the thermally texturing comprises decomposing the light-transmission layer at the exposed portions into chemical constituents of the III-V semiconductor material and redepositing to form a plurality of crystals of the III-V semiconductor material having triangular crystal facets; and
stopping the thermal texturing by locally stopping the decomposing and redepositing at an interface formed by the stop layer and the light-transmission layer,
wherein the stop layer has a decomposition temperature that is higher than that of the light-transmission layer such that texturing is prevented from extending into the stop layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,218

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a light emitting structure including a first conductive semiconductor layer, an active layer under the first conductive semiconductor layer, a second conductive semiconductor layer under the active layer, and a plurality of recesses through which a lower portion of the first conductive semiconductor layer is exposed;
at least one pad arranged outside the light emitting structure, and arranged to be adjacent to at least one edge; and
a plurality of insulation patterns arranged inside the recesses and extending to a lower surface of the light emitting structure,
wherein widths of the plurality of insulation patterns are reduced as the insulation patterns become further away from the pad,
wherein the pad includes a first pad arranged to be adjacent to a first edge and a second pad arranged to be adjacent to a second edge, and
wherein widths of the plurality of insulation patterns are reduced as the insulation patterns go from the first edge toward a third edge in a diagonal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,461,210

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A DETECTION DEVICE WITH TWO SUBSTRATES AND SUCH A DETECTION DEVICE

1. A method for manufacturing a device for detecting electromagnetic radiation, the method including the following steps:supplying a first substrate, the first substrate integrating a reading circuit and comprising a first surface and a second surface, the first substrate further including at least two first contact plugs connected to the reading circuit and at least one first annular bonding element surrounding the first contact plugs, the first contact plugs and the first annular bonding element each being at least in part exposed on the first surface of the first substrate,
supplying a second substrate, the second substrate including:
a first surface of the second substrate and a second surface of the second substrate,
at least one detection structure, for the detection of electromagnetic radiation, provided with at least two connecting arms each extending by a second contact plug complementary to one corresponding first contact plug,
a sacrificial material enclosing the detection structure, the first connecting arm and the second connecting arm,
a cap including the first surface of the second substrate,
at least one annular side wall extending from the cap, the annular side wall forming with the cap a cavity housing the detection structure and the sacrificial material, the annular side wall being provided, on one end opposite to the cap, with a second annular bonding element complementary to the first annular bonding element,
wherein the second contact plugs and the second annular bonding element are each at least in part exposed on the second surface of the second substrate,
bonding the second surface of the second substrate on the first surface of the first substrate by bonding the second annular bonding element on the first annular bonding element and bonding the first contact plugs on the second contact plugs,
arranging at least one opening in the second substrate,
selective elimination of the sacrificial material,
closing said opening under at least a primary vacuum whereby the device for detecting electromagnetic radiation is formed.

US Pat. No. 10,461,209

AVALANCHE PHOTODIODE FOR DETECTING ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L....

1. An avalanche photodiode for detecting ultraviolet radiation, comprising:a semiconductor body having a front surface and forms including:
a silicon carbide substrate having a first type of conductivity at a first dopant level;
a first silicon carbide epitaxial layer having the first type of conductivity at a second dopant level less than the first dopant level;
a second silicon carbide epitaxial layer having a third dopant level between the first and second dopant levels, the first silicon carbide epitaxial layer being positioned between the silicon carbide substrate and the second silicon carbide epitaxial layer, at least a portion of the second silicon carbide epitaxial layer being a cathode region; and
a third silicon carbide epitaxial layer on the second silicon carbide epitaxial layer and having a fourth dopant level less than the third dopant level;
an anode region extending completely through the third silicon carbide epitaxial layer and having a second type of conductivity, which extends into said semiconductor body starting from the front surface and contacts the cathode region; and
a guard ring having the second type of conductivity, which extends into said semiconductor body starting from the front surface and completely laterally surrounds the anode region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,207

PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING

First Solar, Inc., Tempe...

1. A photovoltaic device comprising:a substrate;
a transparent conductive oxide (TCO) layer formed on the substrate;
a back contact;
a CdSeTe absorber layer formed between the TCO layer and the back contact, wherein:
the CdSeTe absorber layer contacts the back contact,
the CdSeTe absorber layer is composed of cadmium, selenium, and tellurium in varying amounts,
a ratio of Te atoms to a sum of Se atoms and the Te atoms throughout the CdSeTe absorber layer compound is between about 99 to 100 and about 60 to 100; and
a buffer layer formed between the TCO layer and the CdSeTe absorber layer,
and wherein the buffer layer comprises magnesium,
and wherein a peak concentration of Se is located at an interface between the buffer layer and the CdSeTe absorber layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,205

SOLAR PANEL HOUSING

1. A housing for a solar panel comprising:a glazed element; and
a tray; said tray including:
a plate;
a pair of side walls extending generally vertical from said plate and from opposing ends of said plate, said pair of side walls include at least one first aperture, said at least one first aperture configured to allow passage of a tube or conduit;
a top end cap extending generally vertical from said plate;
a bottom end cap extending generally vertical from said plate at an opposite end from said top end cap;
a top surface of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap;
a lip, said lip positioned proximate a junction of said top surface of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap and an interior wall of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap, said lip including a seating surface that is positioned below said top surface of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap, said lip extending the interior perimeter of each of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap, and said lip configured to seat said glazed element such that a top surface of said glazed element is flush to said top surface of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap;
wherein said plate, said pair of side walls, said top end cap, said bottom end cap, said top surface of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap and said lip are formed of a single material and as a single integral component; and
wherein said plate, said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap collectively form a cavity; and
wherein said top end cap includes a top header, said top header extending the length of said top end cap, said top header extending outward from said top end cap and in a direction away from said cavity, said top header including:
at least one pipe extending outwardly from said top header at both ends of said top header and extending the length of said top header and throughout an interior space of said top header;
at least one void extending the length of said top header and throughout the interior space of said top header, said void positioned proximate the exterior of said pipe and distinct from said pipe; and
at least one hole extending from said void through said top end cap to said cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,461,201

HIGHLY-FLUORESCENT AND PHOTO-STABLE CHROMOPHORES FOR WAVELENGTH CONVERSION

Nitto Denko Corporation, ...

1. A chromophore represented by formula (I):
wherein:
each L is independently C1-8 alkyl or C6-10 aryl;
D1 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) hydrogen;
(2) C6-10 aryl, substituted by C1-6 alkoxy;
(3) C6-10 aryl-NR?R?; and
(4) C6-10 aryl-C6-10 aryl-NR?R?;
D2 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) hydrogen;
(2) C6-10 aryl, substituted by C1-6 alkoxy;
(3) C6-10 aryl-NR?R?; and
(4) C6-10 aryl-C6-10 aryl-NR?R?;
R? is C1-8 alkyl or C6-10 aryl, wherein the C6-10 aryl is optionally substituted by C1-8 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy or —C(?O)R; or
R?, together with the C6-10 aryl to which the nitrogen atom is attached to, forms a fused C1-8 heterocyclic ring comprising nitrogen;
R? is C1-8 alkyl or C6-10 aryl, wherein the C6-10 aryl is optionally substituted by C1-8 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy or —C(?O)R; or
R?, together with the C6-10 aryl to which the nitrogen atom is attached to, forms a fused C1-8 heterocyclic ring comprising nitrogen; or
R? and R?, together with the C6-10 aryl to which the nitrogen atom is attached to, forms a fused C1-8 heterocyclic ring comprising nitrogen;
Het is selected from the group consisting of:

X is —N(A0)-;
A0 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) hydrogen;
(2) C1-8 alkyl, optionally substituted by halo or C1-6 alkoxy;
(3) C2-8 alkenyl, optionally substituted by halo, C1-8 alkyl or C1-6 alkoxy;
(4) C1-6 alkoxy, optionally substituted by halo; and
(5) C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted by halo, C1-8 alkyl or C1-6 alkoxy;
Ra is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) hydrogen;
(2) C1-8 alkyl, optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) CN;
(c) C1-6 alkoxy;
(d) C6-10 aryloxy, optionally substituted by CN or —C(?O)R;
(e) C3-10 cycloalkyl; or
(f) C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted by halo or CN;
(3) C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) CN;
(c) C1-8 alkyl;
(d) C1-6 alkoxy; or
(e) C(?O)R; and
(4) C6-10 heteroaryl, optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) CN; or
(c) C1-8 alkyl;
wherein the C6-10 heteroaryl contains one or more nitrogen heteroatoms;
Rb is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) hydrogen;
(2) C1-8 alkyl, optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) CN;
(c) C1-6 alkoxy;
(d) C6-10 aryloxy, optionally substituted by CN or —C(?O)R;
(e) C3-10 cycloalkyl; or
(f) C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted by halo or CN;
(3) C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) CN;
(c) C1-8 alkyl;
(d) C1-6 alkoxy; or
(e) C(?O)R; and
(4) C6-10 heteroaryl, optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) CN; or
(c) C1-8 alkyl;
wherein the C6-10 heteroaryl contains one or more nitrogen heteroatoms; or
Ra and Rb, together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached, form a monocyclic ring or a polycyclic ring system selected from the group consisting of:
C3-10 cycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl,

wherein the monocyclic ring or polycyclic ring system is optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) C1-8 alkyl;
(c) C1-6 alkoxy; or
(d) C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted by C1-6 alkoxy;
each R is independently C1-8 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy or C6-10 aryl, wherein the C6-10 aryl is optionally substituted by C1-8 alkyl; and
i is 0;
with the proviso that D1 and D2 are not both hydrogen.

US Pat. No. 10,461,196

CONTROL OF LENGTH IN GATE REGION DURING PROCESSING OF VFET STRUCTURES

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A method of forming a vertical FinFET, the method comprising:forming a semiconductor fin on a substrate and having a fin mask on an upper surface thereof;
laterally recessing the semiconductor fin causing the fin mask to overhang above the fin;
forming a conformal gate liner on the recessed semiconductor fin and the fin mask, wherein the conformal gate liner includes a first portion surrounding the fin mask and a second portion surrounding the recessed fins and being separated from the fin mask by a thickness of the conformal gate liner;
forming a gate mask laterally adjacent to the second portion of the conformal gate liner;
removing the first portion of the conformal gate liner, wherein the second portion of the conformal gate liner remains intact after the removing of the first portion;
removing the gate mask to expose the remaining second portion of the conformal gate liner;
forming a nitride liner on the remaining second portion of the conformal gate liner, exposed portion of the semiconductor fin above the second portion of the conformal gate liner, and the fin mask, after removing the gate mask to expose the remaining second portion of the conformal gate liner;
forming an intermediate mask on a portion of the nitride liner that is above the fin mask to vertically cover a vertical section of the first portion of the conformal gate liner adjacent to the recessed semiconductor fin and the nitride liner on top thereof;
applying a directional etching to remove portions of the conformal gate liner and the nitride liner on top thereof, that are above the substrate and not vertically covered by the intermediate mask;
removing the intermediate mask; and
forming a gate contact to the remaining second portion of the conformal gate liner, wherein a length of the gate is determined by the remaining second portion of the conformal gate liner.

US Pat. No. 10,461,192

METAL OXIDE PROTECTION STRUCTURE OF A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a gate electrode disposed on a substrate;
a gate insulation layer disposed on the substrate to cover the gate electrode;
an active layer disposed on the gate insulation layer, the active layer comprising an oxide semiconductor;
an insulating interlayer disposed on the gate insulation layer and configured to cover the active layer;
a protection structure disposed on the insulating interlayer; and
a source electrode and a drain electrode disposed on the protection structure, the source electrode and the drain electrode contacting a source region and a drain region of the active layer, respectively,
wherein:
the protection structure comprises a first metal oxide layer disposed on the insulating interlayer, and a second metal oxide layer disposed on the first metal oxide layer;
the first metal oxide layer has a first oxygen content greater than a second oxygen content of the second metal oxide layer;
the second oxygen content abruptly varies from the first oxygen content at an interface between the first metal oxide layer and the second metal oxide layer;
the first metal oxide layer has a first composition of MOx1 (where M represents aluminum, titanium, tantalum or zirconium, O denotes oxygen, and x means a positive real number) having a first oxygen content, and the second metal oxide layer has a second composition of MOx2 having a second oxygen content; and
a thickness ratio between the first metal oxide layer and the second metal oxide layer is in a range of about 1.0:0.03 to 1.0:0.6.

US Pat. No. 10,461,187

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An integrated circuit device comprising:a substrate comprising a main surface;
a transistor (TR) comprising a first section, a vertical channel region, and a second section on the main surface; and
a gate electrode on the vertical channel region,
wherein the first section, the vertical channel region, and the second section extend from the main surface in a first direction perpendicular to the main surface, wherein the vertical channel region and the first and second sections have the same composition as each other and have different crystal phases from each other, and wherein the vertical channel region has a first width in a second direction parallel to the main surface and the first section has a second width in the second direction, the first width being narrower than the second width.

US Pat. No. 10,461,180

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a first conductivity type drift region formed on a semiconductor substrate;
a gate trench portion provided reaching from an upper surface of the semiconductor substrate to an inner part of the semiconductor substrate and provided extending in a predetermined extending direction from the upper surface;
a first mesa portion being in direct contact with one of two side walls of the gate trench portion;
a second mesa portion being in direct contact with an opposite side of the one of two side walls of the gate trench portion;
a first conductivity type accumulation region having doping concentration higher than that in the drift region, which is provided being in direct contact with the gate trench portion above the drift region;
a second conductivity type base region provided being in direct contact with the gate trench portion above the accumulation region;
a first conductivity type emitter region having doping concentration higher than that in the drift region, which is provided on the upper surface of the semiconductor substrate such that it is in direct contact with the one of two side walls of the gate trench portion in at least the first mesa portion; and
an electrically floating second conductivity type floating region provided below the base region in the second mesa portion and at a position shallower than a bottom of the gate trench portion.

US Pat. No. 10,461,179

DEVICES HAVING A SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL THAT IS SEMIMETAL IN BULK AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method comprising:forming an isolation region in a substrate, wherein the isolation region is between a first and second region of the substrate, and wherein at least a portion of the isolation region is configured to extend from a top surface of the substrate;
forming a first highly doped source/drain contact region in the first region of the substrate and a second highly doped source/drain contact region in the second region of the substrate;
forming a first gate electrode over the first highly doped source/drain contact region;
forming a second gate electrode over the second highly doped source/drain contact region;
forming a first opening through the first gate electrode and to the first highly doped source/drain contact region;
forming a second opening through the second gate electrode and to the second highly doped source/drain contact region;
depositing a first bismuth-containing semiconductor material in the first opening to form a first bismuth-containing channel structure, the first bismuth-containing channel structure being connected to the first highly doped source/drain contact region;
depositing a second bismuth-containing semiconductor material in the second opening to form a second bismuth-containing channel structure, the second bismuth-containing channel structure being connected to the second highly doped source/drain contact region;
forming a third source/drain contact region over and connected to the first bismuth-containing channel structure;
forming a fourth source/drain contact region over and connected to the second bismuth-containing channel structure;
forming a dielectric layer over the third source/drain contact region and the fourth source/drain contact region; and
crystallizing the first and second bismuth-containing semiconductor materials, the crystallizing comprising performing an anneal.

US Pat. No. 10,461,177

CONFINED EPITAXIAL REGIONS FOR SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND METHODS OF FABRICATING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES HAVING CONFINED EPITAXIAL REGIONS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An integrated circuit structure, comprising:a semiconductor fin above and continuous with a semiconductor substrate, the semiconductor fin comprising a channel region having an uppermost surface;
an isolation structure above the semiconductor substrate and adjacent to lower portions of the semiconductor fin, wherein an upper portion of the semiconductor fin protrudes above an uppermost surface of the isolation structure;
epitaxial source or drain regions adjacent to the channel region in the upper portion of the semiconductor fin, wherein the epitaxial source or drain regions have substantially vertical sidewalls, and wherein the epitaxial source and drain regions do not extend laterally over the isolation structure, wherein the epitaxial source and drain regions have an uppermost surface above the uppermost surface of the channel of the semiconductor fin, and wherein the epitaxial source or drain regions have a bottom surface below the uppermost surface of the isolation structure; and
a gate electrode over the channel region of the semiconductor fin.

US Pat. No. 10,461,167

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a first transistor on a substrate; and
a second transistor on the substrate,
wherein each of the first and second transistors includes,
a plurality of semiconductor patterns vertically stacked on the substrate and vertically spaced apart from each other, and
a gate dielectric pattern and a work function pattern filling a space between the semiconductor patterns, wherein
the work function pattern of the first transistor includes a first work function metal layer,
the work function pattern of the second transistor includes the first work function metal layer and a second work function metal layer,
the first work function metal layer of each of the first and second transistors has a work function greater than that of the second work function metal layer, and
the first transistor has a threshold voltage less than that of the second transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,461,164

COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR WITH SELF-ALIGNED GATE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A compound semiconductor field effect transistor (FET), comprising:gallium nitride (GaN) and alloy material layers;
a pair of L-shaped contacts on the GaN and alloy material layers;
a pair of gate spacers between the pair of L-shaped contacts and on the GaN and alloy material layers, each of the pair of gate spacers contacting one of the pair of L-shaped contacts; and
a base gate between the pair of gate spacers and on the GaN and alloy material layers, in which the pair of L-shaped contacts is self-aligned with the base gate, and in which the pair of L-shaped contacts comprises a planar portion on a GaN cap layer of the GaN and alloy material layers and an orthogonal portion on the GaN cap layer and in contact with sidewalls of the pair of gate spacers, the orthogonal portion of the pair of L-shaped contacts extending toward a coplanar surface of the base gate and the pair of gate spacers, distal from the GaN cap layer of the GaN and alloy material layers.

US Pat. No. 10,461,162

TRANSISTOR DEVICE

Nanya Technology Corporat...

1. A transistor device comprising:an active region surrounded by an isolation structure;
a gate structure disposed over the active region and the isolation structure, the gate structure comprising:
a body portion extending in a first direction;
a first head portion and a second head portion extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, wherein the first head portion and the second head portion are disposed at two opposite ends of the body portion;
a pair of first wing portions disposed at two opposite sides of the body portion, wherein each of the first wing portions is in contact with the first head portion and the body portion; and
a pair of second wing portions disposed at two opposite sides of the body portion, wherein each of the second wing portions is in contact with the second head portion and the body portion; and
a source/drain disposed in the active region;
wherein the first head portion comprises a first side extending in the first direction, the body portion comprises a second side extending in the first direction, and the second head portion comprises a third side extending in the first direction;
wherein each of the first wing portions comprises a fourth side in contact with the first side of the first head portion and the second side of the body portion, and each of the second wing portions comprises a fifth side in contact with the third side of the second head portion and the second side of the body portion;
wherein the second side of the body portion and the fourth side of the first wing portion form a first included angle, the second side of the body portion and the fifth side of the second wing portion form a second included angle, and the first included angle and the second included angle are obtuse angles;
wherein the first included angle and the second included angle are between 130° and 165°, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,461,160

SEMICONDUCTING COMPONENT

INSTITUTT FOR ENERGITEKNI...

1. An electronic semiconductive device comprising at least one transparent, complete n- or p-type semiconductive metal hydride layer containing a semiconductive metal hydride having a chosen dopant; wherein said semiconductive metal hydride has a band gap in the range of 3 eV to 7 eV, and wherein said electronic semiconductive device does not comprise a silicon layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,151

LOCALIZED STRAIN RELIEF FOR AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

Analog Devices Global, H...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:a semiconductor die;
one or more circuit components formed in a surface of the semiconductor die;
a protective layer deposited over the one or more circuit components in the semiconductor die;
a cap disposed over the one or more circuit components to protect the one or more circuit components, the cap mechanically coupled with the protective layer;
one or more trenches at least partially surrounding the one or more circuit components, the one or more trenches spaced apart by at least one gap;
a connecting line passing through the at least one gap to connect the one or more circuit components to another circuit component outside an area at least partially surrounded by the one or more trenches, the connecting line comprising at least one turn such that the connecting line is disposed along at least two different directions; and
an encapsulating material disposed over the cap and the protective layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,150

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

SOCIONEXT INC., Kanagawa...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a substrate;
a first transistor formed on the substrate, and including a first impurity region of a first conductivity type, and a second impurity region of the first conductivity type;
a second transistor formed on the substrate, and including a third impurity region of the first conductivity type electrically connected to the second impurity region, and a fourth impurity region of the first conductivity type;
a power supply terminal electrically connected to the first impurity region;
a ground terminal electrically connected to the fourth impurity region;
a first guard ring of a second conductivity type different from the first conductivity type, formed on the substrate, surrounding the first transistor in a plan view, and electrically connected to the ground terminal; and
a second guard ring of the second conductivity type, formed on the substrate, surrounding the second transistor in a plan view, and electrically connected to the ground terminal,
wherein the first guard ring includes a first part having a longitudinal axis which extends in a first direction in the plan view,
wherein the second guard ring includes a second part having a longitudinal axis which extends in the first direction in the plan view, and
wherein a width of the second part along a second direction, which is perpendicular to the first direction, is narrower than a width of the first part along the second direction in a plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,461,142

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a base layer including a plurality of islands in which a pixel is disposed, and a plurality of bridges disposed around each of the plurality of islands;
an inorganic insulating layer disposed on the base layer and having an opening exposing a portion of the bridge;
an organic material layer covering the opening; and
a plurality of first wires disposed on a bridge of the plurality of bridges and electrically connected to the pixel,
wherein adjacent islands of the plurality of islands are connected to each other through at least the bridge of the plurality of bridges,
and the plurality of first wires are disposed on the organic material layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,141

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A display device comprising:a substrate;
a buffer layer disposed on the substrate;
a first semiconductor layer of a first thin film transistor disposed on the buffer layer;
a gate insulating layer disposed on a channel region of the first semiconductor layer, on a source region of the first semiconductor layer, and on a drain region of the first semiconductor layer;
a first gate electrode disposed on the gate insulating layer over the channel region of the first semiconductor layer;
a first source electrode in direct contact with the source region of the first semiconductor layer, wherein the first source electrode is disposed on the gate insulating layer over the source region of the first semiconductor layer and contacts the source region of the first semiconductor layer via a first channel hole through the gate insulating layer;
a first drain electrode in direct contact with the drain region of the first semiconductor layer, wherein the first drain electrode is disposed on the gate insulating layer over the drain region of the first semiconductor layer and contacts the drain region of the first semiconductor layer via a second channel hole through the gate insulating layer;
a passivation layer disposed on the first gate electrode, the first source electrode, and the first drain electrode, wherein the passivation layer is in direct contact with the first semiconductor layer in a region between the first source electrode and the first gate electrode, and wherein the passivation layer is in direct contact with the first semiconductor layer in a region between the first gate electrode and the first drain electrode,
wherein the first gate electrode, the first source electrode, and the first drain electrode are in a same layer and comprise a same material.

US Pat. No. 10,461,140

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A light emitting device comprising:a current control transistor;
a light emitting element;
a power supply line; and
a capacitor,
wherein one of a source and a drain of the current control transistor is electrically connected to the power supply line,
wherein the other of the source and the drain of the current control transistor is electrically connected to the light emitting element,
wherein a part of the power supply line is configured to function as one terminal of the capacitor,
wherein a part of a gate electrode of the current control transistor is configured to function as the other terminal of the capacitor,
wherein the current control transistor is driven in a saturation region, and
wherein the current control transistor has a channel conductance gd from 0 to 1×10?8 S.

US Pat. No. 10,461,134

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A display device comprising:a first light-emitting element comprising:
a first electrode that is reflective;
a first light-emitting layer;
a second light-emitting layer over the first light-emitting layer; and
a second electrode;
a second light-emitting element comprising:
a third electrode that is reflective;
the first light-emitting layer;
the second light-emitting layer over the first light-emitting layer; and
the second electrode;
a first color filter overlapping with the first light-emitting element and having a first central wavelength of a first wavelength range in which the first color filter has a transmittance of 50% or higher in a visible wavelength range; and
a second color filter overlapping with the second light-emitting element and having a second central wavelength of a second wavelength range in which the second color filter has a transmittance of 50% or higher in the visible light range,
wherein the first wavelength range is different from the second wavelength range,
wherein the first central wavelength is different from the second central wavelength, and
wherein a first optical path length between the first light-emitting layer and the first electrode is different from a second optical path length between the second light-emitting layer and the third electrode in accordance with the difference between the first central wavelength and the second central wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,461,132

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display region;
a first electrode;
a second electrode; and
a layered body formed between the first electrode and the second electrode,
wherein the display region includes
a first subpixel,
a second subpixel, and
a third subpixel,
the first subpixel, the second subpixel, and the third subpixel emit their respective light having mutually different peak wavelengths,
the layered body includes
a first light-emitting layer containing a first fluorescent luminescent material,
a second light-emitting layer containing a second fluorescent luminescent material,
a third light-emitting layer containing a third fluorescent luminescent material or a phosphorescent luminescent material as a luminescent material, and
a separation layer containing no luminescent material,
the second fluorescent luminescent material has a lower energy level in a minimum excited singlet state than an energy level of the first fluorescent luminescent material in the minimum excited singlet state,
the third fluorescent luminescent material or the phosphorescent luminescent material has a lower energy level in a minimum excited singlet state than the energy level of the second fluorescent luminescent material in the minimum excited singlet state,
the second light-emitting layer is formed as a layer that is common to the first subpixel, the second subpixel, and the third subpixel,
the first light-emitting layer is formed only in the first subpixel,
the third light-emitting layer is formed only in the third subpixel,
the separation layer is formed between the first light-emitting layer and the second light-emitting layer in the first subpixel, and
a distance between the first light-emitting layer and the second light-emitting layer in the first subpixel is greater than a Förster radius.

US Pat. No. 10,461,128

ARRAYS OF MEMORY CELLS AND METHODS OF FORMING AN ARRAY OF ELEVATIONALLY-OUTER-TIER MEMORY CELLS AND ELEVATIONALLY-INNER-TIER MEMORY CELLS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method of forming an array of elevationally-outer-tier memory cells and elevationally-inner-tier memory cells, comprising:forming an elevationally-inner tier of line constructions comprising spaced-lower-first-conductive lines, programmable material directly above the inner-tier-lower-first-conductive lines, and insulator material over sidewalls of the inner-tier-lower-first-conductive lines and over sidewalls of the inner-tier-programmable material;
forming an elevationally-outer tier of line constructions comprising spaced-lower-first-conductive lines, spaced-programmable-material lines directly above the outer-tier-lower-first-conductive lines, and insulative material over sidewalls of the outer-tier-lower-first-conductive lines and over sidewalls of the outer-tier-programmable-material lines; individual of the outer-tier-lower-first-conductive lines being laterally between and longitudinally-elongated parallel with immediately-adjacent of the inner-tier-line constructions, the forming of the outer-tier-line constructions comprising:
forming at least lowermost portions of the outer-tier-lower-first-conductive lines in a self-aligned manner by depositing conductive material laterally between and longitudinally-elongated parallel with immediately-adjacent of the inner-tier-line constructions;
forming the outer-tier-programmable material directly above the conductive material;
patterning at least the outer-tier-programmable material to form lines thereof that are directly above the lowermost portions of the outer-tier-lower-first-conductive lines; and
forming the insulative material over tops and the sidewalls of the outer-tier-programmable material lines and then anisotropically etching the insulative material to remove it from being over the tops; and
forming spaced-upper-second-conductive lines for each of an elevationally-outer tier of memory cells and an elevationally-inner tier of memory cells.

US Pat. No. 10,461,127

VARIABLE RESISTANCE MEMORY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A variable resistance memory device comprising:a first conductive line on a substrate, the first conductive line extending in a first direction;
a second conductive line on the first conductive line, the second conductive line extending in a second direction, the second direction being a direction crossing the first direction; and
a memory cell pillar connected to the first conductive line and the second conductive line at an intersection point therebetween, the memory cell pillar including a heating electrode layer and a variable resistance layer, the variable resistance layer in contact with the heating electrode layer, two opposite sidewalls of the heating electrode layer aligned with two opposite sidewalls of the first conductive line in the first direction, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,461,126

MEMORY CIRCUIT AND FORMATION METHOD THEREOF

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A memory circuit, comprising:a control device arranged within a substrate and having a first terminal coupled to a source-line, a second terminal coupled to a word-line, and a third terminal;
a first memory device having a first lower electrode separated from a first upper electrode by a first data storage layer, wherein the first upper electrode is coupled to the third terminal and the first lower electrode is coupled to a first bit-line; and
a second memory device having a second lower electrode separated from a second upper electrode by a second data storage layer, wherein the second upper electrode is coupled to a second bit-line and the second lower electrode is coupled to the third terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,461,125

THREE DIMENSIONAL MEMORY ARRAYS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A memory array, comprising:a plurality of first dielectric materials and a plurality of stacks, wherein each respective first dielectric material and each respective stack alternate, and wherein each respective stack comprises a first conductive material and a storage material on only one side of the first conductive material;
a second conductive material passing through the plurality of first dielectric materials and the plurality of stacks such that a major axis of the second conductive material is perpendicular to a major axis of the storage material; and
a second dielectric material in direct physical contact with the second conductive material and passing through the plurality of first dielectric materials and the plurality of stacks between the second conductive material and the plurality of stacks;
wherein each respective stack further comprises a third dielectric material between the first conductive material and the second dielectric material such that the storage material of the respective stack is on only one side of the third dielectric material, the second dielectric material is between the second conductive material and the third dielectric material, and the third dielectric material is in direct physical contact with the first conductive material and the second dielectric material.

US Pat. No. 10,461,124

ULTRASONIC SENSING DEVICE

InvenSense, Inc., San Jo...

1. An electronic device comprising:a CMOS substrate having a first surface and a second surface opposite the first surface;
a plurality of Piezoelectric Micromachined Ultrasonic Transducer (PMUT) devices having a transmit/receive surface, wherein the transmit/receive surface is disposed on the second surface of the CMOS substrate, wherein at least one PMUT device comprises:
an edge support structure connected to the CMOS substrate; and
a membrane connected to the edge support structure such that a cavity is defined between the membrane and the CMOS substrate, the membrane configured to allow movement at ultrasonic frequencies, the membrane comprising:
a piezoelectric layer; and
first and second electrodes coupled to opposing sides of the piezoelectric layer; and
an interior support structure disposed within the cavity and connected to the CMOS substrate and the membrane; and
a contact surface piezoelectrically associated with the plurality of PMUT devices and disposed on the first surface;
wherein the CMOS substrate is between the plurality of PMUT devices and the contact surface.

US Pat. No. 10,461,121

MINIATURE LED DISPLAY PANEL AND MINIATURE LED DISPLAY

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A miniature LED display panel comprising:a first substrate;
a second substrate having a cathode driving circuit disposed on a surface of the second substrate facing the first substrate;
N row signal lines disposed on the first substrate;
an insulating layer disposed on the first substrate and the row signal lines;
M column signal lines disposed on the insulating layer;
M compensation signal lines disposed on the insulating layer; and
a plurality of LED light emitting components arranged in an array of M rows and N columns on the first substrate;
wherein the LED light emitting components in a same row are electrically connected with a same row signal line, the LED light emitting components in a same column are electrically connected with a same compensation signal line and a same column signal line, and one end of each of the LED light emitting components away from the first substrate is connected with the second substrate and electrically connected with the cathode driving circuit; and
wherein each of the LED light emitting components comprises:
a first thin film transistor disposed on the first substrate and having a source electrically connected with a corresponding column signal line and a gate electrically connected with a corresponding row signal line;
a second thin film transistor disposed on the first substrate and having a source connected with a corresponding compensation signal line and a gate electrically connected with a drain of the first thin film transistor;
a first connecting metal layer disposed on the first substrate and electrically connected with a corresponding row signal line;
a second connecting metal layer disposed on the insulating layer, wherein the first connecting metal layer and the second connecting metal layer partially face each other to form a storage capacitor; and
a light emitting unit having one end electrically connected with the cathode driving circuit and the other end electrically connected with the second connecting metal layer and a drain of the second thin film transistor;
wherein the insulating layer is a silicon nitride layer or a silicon dioxide layer;
wherein each of the first substrate and the second substrate is a glass substrate; and
wherein the light emitting unit is an inorganic LED.

US Pat. No. 10,461,117

SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE

XINTEC INC., Taoyuan (TW...

1. A method for manufacturing semiconductor structure, comprising:(a) adhering a first carrier to a first surface of a wafer by a first temporary bonding layer;
(b) etching a second surface of the wafer facing away from the first carrier to form at least one through hole and at least one trench, wherein a conductive pad of the wafer is exposed through the through hole;
(c) forming an isolation layer on the second surface of the wafer, a sidewall of the through hole, and a sidewall of the trench;
(d) forming a redistribution layer on the isolation layer and the conductive pad;
(e) adhering a second carrier to the second surface of the wafer by a second temporary bonding layer, wherein the through hole and the trench are covered by the second carrier;
(f) removing the first carrier and the first temporary bonding layer;
(g) disposing an optical element that has a dam element on the first surface of the wafer;
(h) removing the second carrier and the second temporary bonding layer after the optical element is disposed on the first surface of the wafer; and
(i) forming an insulating layer that covers the redistribution layer, the through hole, and the trench after the second carrier and the second temporary bonding layer are removed.

US Pat. No. 10,461,113

IMAGE SENSORS, AND FABRICATION AND OPERATION METHODS THEREOF

Samiconductor Manufacturi...

1. An image sensor, comprising:a substrate having a first surface and a second surface opposite to the first surface, wherein the substrate includes a photo-sensitive region and a connection region, the photo-sensitive region comprises a transparent region and a shading region, and the shading region is between the transparent region and the connection region;
a buffer layer formed on the first surface of the substrate in the photo-sensitive region;
a metal grid formed on the buffer layer and including a plurality of staggered metal wires in the transparent region and in the shading region, wherein the metal grid is connected to an operation voltage, and a plurality of trenches are formed in the metal grid with each trench surrounded by the plurality of staggered metal wires; and
a plurality of color filters formed in the plurality of trenches of the metal grid.

US Pat. No. 10,461,109

MULTIPLE DEEP TRENCH ISOLATION (MDTI) STRUCTURE FOR CMOS IMAGE SENSOR

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A CMOS image sensor, comprising:a substrate having a front-side and a back-side opposite to the front-side;
a plurality of pixel regions disposed on the substrate and respectively comprising a photodiode configured to convert radiation that enters the substrate from the back-side into an electrical signal;
a boundary deep trench isolation (BDTI) structure disposed between adjacent pixel regions, extending from the back-side of the substrate to a first depth within the substrate, and surrounding the photodiode;
a multiple deep trench isolation (MDTI) structure disposed within the plurality of pixel regions, extending from the back-side of the substrate to a second depth within the substrate, and overlying the photodiode; and
a dielectric layer filling in a BDTI trench of the BDTI structure and a MDTI trench of the MDTI structure;
wherein the MDTI structure comprises segments that are spaced apart from one other and are symmetrical along a middle line of the pixel region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,103

POWER STORAGE ELEMENT, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND POWER STORAGE DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A power storage element comprising:a pair of electrodes;
a solid electrolyte layer in contact with the pair of electrodes; and
a lithium layer spaced apart from the pair of electrodes with the solid electrolyte layer provided therebetween,
wherein the solid electrolyte layer is between the pair of electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,461,100

DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING A DIFFERENT TYPE OF OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR TRANSISTOR

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a display circuit provided with a plurality of pixel circuits in a matrix shape;
a drive circuit provided in a periphery of the display circuit, the drive circuit driving each of the plurality of pixel circuits;
a first transistor having a first oxide semiconductor layer as a channel and a first gate electrode, the first transistor being included in the drive circuit;
a second transistor having a second oxide semiconductor layer as a channel and a second gate electrode, the second transistor being included in the pixel circuit, and a composition of the first oxide semiconductor layer is different from a composition of the second oxide semiconductor layer,
wherein
the first oxide semiconductor layer and the second oxide semiconductor layer include Sn, and
a content ratio of the Sn included in the first oxide semiconductor layer is more than a content ratio of the Sn included in the second oxide semiconductor layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,098

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. An electronic device comprising:a band portion configured to be worn on a wrist;
a display portion configured to display a button on a screen; and
a microphone,
wherein the display portion comprises a pixel portion comprising a transistor,
wherein the transistor comprises an oxide semiconductor layer comprising In, Ga, Zn and O,
wherein the electronic device is configured such that data is input by touching the button, and
wherein the electronic device is configured such that data is input by inputting voice into the microphone.

US Pat. No. 10,461,097

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. An array substrate, comprising: a substrate; a first insulating layer disposed on the substrate, wherein the first insulating layer defines a channel; a source electrode pattern disposed in the channel of the first insulating layer; an annular gate electrode pattern disposed on the first insulating layer and surrounding the periphery of the source electrode pattern; a second insulating layer covering the annular gate electrode pattern, wherein the second insulating layer defines an opening corresponding to the channel of the first insulating layer, such that a face of the source electrode pattern away from the substrate is at least partially accessible through the channel of the first insulating layer and the opening of the second insulating layer; a semiconductor pattern disposed in the annular area of the annular gate electrode pattern, and is electrically connected to the accessible face of the source electrode pattern, the semiconductor pattern is further electrically insulated from the annular gate electrode pattern by the second insulating layer; a pixel electrode disposed on the second insulating layer and electrically connected to a face of the semiconductor pattern away from the substrate;a data line electrically connected to the source electrode pattern, wherein the first insulating layer comprising a buffer layer and a passivation layer, the data line is formed within the buffer layer and covered by the passivation layer; and wherein the source electrode pattern comprises a first source electrode pattern layer and a second source electrode pattern layer disposed stacked together, the first source electrode pattern layer and the data line are formed by the same material, the second source electrode pattern layer and the annular gate electrode pattern are formed by the same material.