US Pat. No. 10,427,630

CENTRALLY-MOUNTED GROUND-ROD DRIVER FOR UTILITY VEHICLE

Altec Industries, Inc., ...

1. A utility vehicle comprising:a chassis presenting a central area; and
a centrally-mounted ground-rod driver system secured to the chassis at the central area, including—
a ground-rod;
a driver assembly configured to drive the ground-rod into an underlying surface under the chassis; and
a grounding cable associated with the ground-rod so as to allow an electrical discharge through the grounding cable, through the ground-rod, and into the underlying surface,
wherein the ground-rod is driven in beneath the central area of the chassis such that a radius of electrified ground of the underlying surface is away from a utility worker.

US Pat. No. 10,427,629

APPARATUS FOR REDUCING CHARGE FOR VEHICLE BACK GROUND

LANDMASTER CO., LTD., Yo...

1. Apparatus for reducing charge for a vehicle, comprising:a body; and
a conductive wire that extends from the body, wherein
the body includes:
a radiation generating layer containing a natural ore containing a radioactive substance;
a first metal layer containing a metal with a redox potential of 0 V or less or an alloy of a metal with a redox potential of 0 V or less,; and
a second metal layer containing a metal with a volume electric resistance rate of 4.7 ??·cm or less at 0° C. or an alloy of a metal with a volume electric resistance rate of 5 ??·cm or less at 0° C., and
the conductive wire extends from the second metal layer and is electrically connective with at least one of a minus terminal of a battery provided in the vehicle and an electrically connective connection in the vehicle other than a plus terminal of the battery and a plus connection electrically connected with the plus terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,427,628

USING DATA COLLECTED BY A PERSONAL ELECTRONIC DEVICE TO IDENTIFY A VEHICLE

Agero, Inc., Medford, MA...

1. A method, comprising acts of:(A) receiving acceleration data captured by a personal electronic device residing within an automobile during operation of the automobile;
(B) receiving geolocation data of the personal electronic device residing within the automobile during the operation of the automobile; and
(C) determining at least one of a year, make, model, class and type of the automobile based at least in part on the data received in the acts (A) and (B).

US Pat. No. 10,427,627

CABLE STRUCTURE AND VEHICLE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A pair of cable structures comprising:a first cable including a power line, on which connectors are provided at both ends of the power line, and a tube that covers the power line; and
a second cable including a power line, on which connectors are provided at both ends of the power line, and a tube that covers the power line,
wherein the first cable and the second cable have a waterproof function,
wherein a space inside the tube of the first cable communicates with a space inside the tube of the second cable,
wherein a ventilation-tube connecting portion, to which a ventilation tube is connected, is provided on the tube of the first cable or the tube of the second cable, and
wherein the space inside the tube of the first cable and the space inside the tube of the second cable are capable of being ventilated through the ventilation-tube connecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,427,626

VEHICLE CONTROL DEVICE

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A vehicle control device comprising:a first constant voltage generation circuit and a second constant voltage generation circuit each configured to output a respective constant voltage to at least one of a central processing unit (CPU) and an integrated circuit (IC);
a first high voltage detection circuit configured to detect that the first constant voltage generation circuit has outputted a voltage equal to or more than a first reference voltage;
a second high voltage detection circuit configured to detect that the second constant voltage generation circuit has outputted a voltage equal to or more than a second reference voltage;
a first switch that is arranged between the at least one of the CPU and the IC and the first constant voltage generation circuit, and is configured to cut off a voltage output to the at least one of the CPU and the IC from the first constant voltage generation circuit when the first high voltage detection circuit detects that the first constant voltage generation circuit has outputted a voltage equal to or more than the first reference voltage;
a second switch that is arranged between the at least one of the CPU and the IC and the second constant voltage generation circuit, and is configured to cut off a voltage output to the at least one of the CPU and the IC from the second constant voltage generation circuit when the second high voltage detection circuit detects that the second constant voltage generation circuit has outputted a voltage equal to or more than the second reference voltage; and
an output circuit configured to selectively output the larger of an output voltage of the first switch and an output voltage of the second switch to the at least one of the CPU and the IC, wherein
the first reference voltage is larger than a rated voltage of the first constant voltage generation circuit,
the second reference voltage is larger than a rated voltage of the second constant voltage generation circuit,
a rated power of the first constant voltage generation circuit is different from a rated power of the second constant voltage generation circuit,
the first high voltage detection circuit is configured to output a first detection result to the at least one of the CPU and the IC,
the second high voltage detection circuit is configured to output a second detection result to the at least one of the CPU and the IC,
the at least one of the CPU and the IC is configured to receive, from the first high voltage detection circuit, the first detection result that the first constant voltage generation circuit has outputted a voltage equal to or more than the first reference voltage and to adjust a power consumption of the at least one of the CPU and the IC according to the first detection result, and
the at least one of the CPU and the IC is configured to receive, from the second high voltage detection circuit, the second detection result that the second constant voltage generation circuit has outputted a voltage equal to or more than the second reference voltage, and to adjust the power consumption of the at least one of the CPU and the IC according to the second detection result.

US Pat. No. 10,427,625

AUTOMOBILE PART FOR ACOUSTIC SCREENING AND ITS PRODUCTION PROCESS

AUTONEUM MANAGEMENT AG, ...

1. An automobile part for acoustic screening made of fibrous material with different areas of density or rigidity, and comprising at least one passage through the automobile part, the passage having a low-density area adapted to accept a fixed or mobile through unit, wherein the low-density area comprises flexible lips delimited by a longitudinal groove ending in two transverse grooves.

US Pat. No. 10,427,624

FIBROUS AUTOMOTIVE CLADDING

AUTONEUM MANAGEMENT AG, ...

1. A multilayer air permeable automotive trim part for noise attenuation comprising:at least two fibrous layers;
at least one air permeable intermediate film layer between the at least two fibrous layers; and
wherein the at least one of the fibrous layers is a mixture of fibers consisting of 10 to 40% of binder fibers, 10 to 70% of recycled fibers and 10 to 70% of self-crimped fibers, and wherein the total amount of fibers adds to 100% by weight.

US Pat. No. 10,427,622

CONSOLE WITH GROUNDED TRIM RING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle console comprising:a trim ring disposed over a periphery of a housing, wherein the trim ring comprises a polymeric material and is electrically conductive and grounded; and
a proximity switch assembly retained in the housing, comprising:
a proximity sensor proximate a sensing pad for generating an activation field,
wherein the sensing pad is proximate the trim ring.

US Pat. No. 10,427,621

VEHICLE TETHER CLIP

Seoyon E-Hwa Co., Ltd., ...

1. A vehicle tether clip comprising:a base part comprising a pair of hooks having latch jaws that are inserted and latched into a mounting hole of a pillar panel;
a sliding part coupled to the base part and mounted to a coupling bracket of a pillar trim; and
female screw holes formed through the hooks.

US Pat. No. 10,427,620

STUMP GRINDER GUARD

1. A support assembly for transporting, with a motor vehicle, a stump grinder having a stump grinder wheel, the support assembly comprising:a base, wherein the support assembly is not mounted to the stump grinder;
first and second sidewalls attached to the base, the first and second sidewalls extending perpendicularly upwards from the base;
first and second end-walls attached to the first and second sidewalls and to the base, wherein the first and second end-walls extend perpendicularly upwards from the base;
a channel formed between the first and second sidewalls, the channel extending from the first end-wall to the second end-wall, wherein the channel forms an elongated receiving space that is configured to receive a circular disk shape of the stump grinder wheel;
a liner disposed within the channel, wherein the liner includes a shape that conforms to a generally circular shape of the stump grinder wheel, wherein the liner includes a piece of shock-absorbing or cushioning material that is configured to prevent damage from the stump grinder wheel during transport of the stump grinder; and
first and second angled pieces disposed within the channel, the first and second angled pieces forming a receiving space for receiving the stump grinder wheel, wherein the receiving space is generally concave in an upwards direction, wherein the first angled piece limits movement of the stump grinder wheel in a first longitudinal direction relative to the motor vehicle, wherein the second angled piece limits movement of the stump grinder wheel in a second longitudinal direction relative to the motor vehicle, and wherein the first and second angled pieces support the liner.

US Pat. No. 10,427,619

ELECTRONIC DEVICE SUPPORT FOR VEHICLES

SmartTray International, ...

1. A support for holding a portable electronic device in a vehicle comprising:a body having a first end and a second end;
a first wall rotatably mounted to the body proximate the second end of the body by one or more rotatable mounts;
a second wall adjacent the first wall and rotatably mounted to the body by one or more second rotatable mounts; and
an induction charger;
wherein the first wall and the second wall are independently rotatable.

US Pat. No. 10,427,617

ADJUSTABLE INTERFACE MOUNT FOR A WORK VEHICLE

CNH Industrial America LL...

1. An interface mount for a work vehicle, comprising:a first mounting arm comprising:
a lower body member extending between a mounting portion disposed at a first end of the first mounting arm, and a first mating portion disposed at a second end of the first mounting arm, wherein the lower body member is configured to mount to a base bracket at the mounting portion, wherein the lower body member includes a bend disposed between the first end and the second end; and
a first mating flange extending substantially orthogonally outward from the lower body member, such that the lower body member and the first mating flange form a substantially T-shaped cross section that follows a curvature of the bend, wherein the first mating flange comprises a plurality of apertures disposed proximate the second end of the first mounting arm; and
a second mounting arm comprising:
an upper body member extending between a second mating portion disposed at a first end of the second mounting arm, and an interface mounting portion disposed at a second end of the second mounting arm, wherein the first mating portion of the lower body member and the second mating portion of the upper body member have matching contours; and
a second mating flange extending substantially orthogonally outward from the upper body member, such that the upper body member and the second mating flange form a substantially L-shaped cross section, wherein the second mating flange comprises a plurality of elongated slots;
wherein the first mounting arm and the second mounting arm are configured to slide relative to one another between an expanded position and a contracted position, and wherein each of the plurality of apertures is configured to align with a respective elongated slot of the plurality of elongated slots and receive a fastener.

US Pat. No. 10,427,615

REMOVABLE STORAGE ASSEMBLY FOR A VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An assembly comprising:a body having a longitudinal axis, a lateral axis, and a vertical axis;
a cargo area coupled to the body, the cargo area having a first sidewall and a second sidewall spaced from each other along the lateral axis;
a first fixation point disposed on the first sidewall, the first fixation point having a first aperture with a first central axis generally parallel to the vertical axis;
a second fixation point disposed on the second sidewall, the second fixation point having a second aperture with a second central axis generally parallel to the vertical axis; and
a removable cargo storage device having a first end and a second end, the first end being provided with a first post cooperable with the first aperture, the second end being provided with a second post cooperable with the second aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,427,614

ARTICLE RACK ADAPTED FOR USE WITH PICKUP TRUCK

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

17. An article rack comprising:a base mountable to a top rail of a truck box and including a pair of spaced apart first and second flanges;
a linkage including a pair of opposing first and second sidewalls and a support member extending between the sidewalls, wherein, at a first end of the linkage, the first and second sidewalls are pivotally connected to the first and second flanges, respectively;
first and second arms pivotally connected to the first and second sidewalls, respectively, at a second end of the linkage;
a drive mechanism including a first wheel fixed to the first flange, a second wheel fixed to the first arm, an axle rotationally coupling the second wheel to the second arm, and an endless loop trained around the wheels such that pivoting of the linkage about the base pivots the arms about the linkage; and
an article support attached to the first and second arms.

US Pat. No. 10,427,613

CUPHOLDER ASSEMBLIES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A cupholder assembly comprising:a fixed cupholder disposed within a console; and
a reversible cupholder, provided with a pull tab, pivotally attached with and nested within the fixed cupholder, and configured to be
pulled inside out by the pull tab such that a surface of the reversible cupholder in contact with the fixed cupholder when nested defines an interior cavity of the reversible cupholder when inside out, and
positioned next to the fixed cupholder.

US Pat. No. 10,427,611

STORAGE FOR SEATING ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A seating assembly comprising:a seat; and
a seatback having a rear portion that includes a panel with an elongated member for retaining a passenger item, wherein the elongated member comprises an exposed portion configured to retain the passenger item and a concealed portion within the panel, wherein the panel comprises a first part and a second part, wherein the concealed portion of the elongated member is retained between the first part and the second part, wherein the second part is fixed to the first part, and wherein the second part includes an opening that provides access to the exposed portion of the elongated member.

US Pat. No. 10,427,610

ACCESSORY TRAY FOR A VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A vehicle having an accessory storage tray, comprising:a front passenger seat having a seat pan and a seat cushion; and
an accessory tray positioned under a front portion of the seat cushion when the accessory tray is in a closed position, the accessory tray having a first end coupled to the seat pan adjacent to a console via a pivot mechanism and a second free end held in the closed position by a latch;
the pivot mechanism including a spring-loaded release mechanism, that when operated, releases the latch and allows the spring-loaded release mechanism to move the accessory tray from the closed position to an open position;
wherein, as the accessory tray pivots via the pivot mechanism, the second free end of the accessory tray moves toward a front driver seat to the open position where the accessory tray is adjacent to the console to receive an accessory item.

US Pat. No. 10,427,609

VEHICLE INTERIOR COMPONENT

Shanghai Yanfeng Jinqiao ...

1. A component for a vehicle interior configured to stow an article comprising:(a) a base;
(b) a bin coupled to the base comprising a receptacle into which the article can be stowed and configured to move relative to the base in a direction to open from a retracted position to an extended position for access to the bin; and
(c) a mechanism configured to guide movement of the bin relative to the base;
wherein the mechanism is configured to guide movement of the bin relative to the base along a direction generally parallel to the direction to open;
wherein the mechanism comprises a set of gears coupled to an axle; a set of gears coupled to the base; and a set of gear racks;
wherein the set of gears coupled to the base comprises a set of dampers configured to engage the set of gears coupled to the axle and the set of gear racks.

US Pat. No. 10,427,608

CARGO BED ARTICLE STOWAGE STRUCTURE

Textron Innovations Inc.,...

1. A cargo bed wall disposable at a forward portion of a deck of a cargo bed, said wall comprising:a back face;
a front face; and
at least one article stowage structure structured and operable to receive and retain one or more stowable articles, wherein at least one of the front face and back face comprises the at least one article stowage structure, the at least one article stowage structure comprising:
a cavity disposed within the at least one of the front face and the back face of the wall that includes a bottom surface, opposing side walls and a back wall such that stowable articles can be placed within the cavity and at least partially supported by the bottom surface.

US Pat. No. 10,427,607

HORIZONTAL RETRACTABLE RUNNING BOARD WITH HIGH LOAD CAPACITY

Birinci Otomotiv Sanayi V...

1. A retractable running board (A) comprising a supplementary step (21) that facilitates getting in/out of a vehicle (B) for the passengers in public transportation vehicles (B) for transporting passengers, passenger cars, and vehicles (B) with high ground clearance; characterized by:at least one driving member (1) supplying the driving force required by the system,
at least one drive shaft (7) transferring the driving force received from the driving member (1) to the system,
at least two flanges (13) in which the driving shaft (7) is embedded and which assist the system to be mounted in the vehicle (B),
at least two levers (25) that are engaged with the flanges (13) and capable of performing rotational movement in y axis (y) perpendicular to the ground being actuated by the drive shaft (7),
step brackets (22) which are fixed on the supplementary step (21) and capable of performing rotational movement in y axis (y) perpendicular to the ground relative to each other at the other end of the lever (25) which is not fasten to the flange (13), and
an engine connecting piece (32) located between said driving member (1) and supplementary step (21) and an angle (33) mounted to the back surface of the vehicle mounting bracket (4).

US Pat. No. 10,427,606

REARVIEW MIRROR ASSEMBLIES WITH ANISOTROPIC POLYMER LAMINATES

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. A switchable mirror system (SMS) for use in a vehicular rearview assembly equipped with a light source transmitting light from within the rearview assembly through said SMS to a field-of-view (FOV) outside the assembly, the SMS comprising:at least two electro-optic (EO) cells defined by at least three sequentially disposed spaced-apart glass substrates, a first EO-cell corresponding to an outside portion of the rearview assembly and a second EO-cell disposed between the first EO-cell and the light source,
wherein the first EO-cell is adapted to be a switchable linear absorptive polarizer that attenuates light reflected from the second EO-cell, and does not substantially attenuate light transmitted from the light source through the second EO-cell,
wherein said SMS has a reflectance value that is gradually variable in response to changes in voltages applied to the first EO-cell, and as measured in said FOV in ambient light, and
wherein thicknesses of said at least three substrates are chosen to provide for a weight of said SMS per unit area of less than 2.0 grams per cm2.

US Pat. No. 10,427,605

MOVEABLE REAR VIEW MIRROR COMPRISING ACTIVE MATERIAL

1. A rear view mirror for use in a motor vehicle, comprising:a support element having a reflective element attached to a first side; and
a frame element detachably attached to a second side of the support element which is located opposite the first side, wherein the frame element comprises an adjusting element, wherein the adjusting element is adapted to connect the rear view mirror to a stationary support arm holding the rear view mirror and wherein the adjusting element is further adapted to move the rear view mirror that comprises both the support element having the reflective element and the frame element relative to the stationary support arm, and wherein the frame element comprises active material to move the rear view mirror.

US Pat. No. 10,427,604

VISION SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

MAGNA ELECTRONICS INC., ...

1. A vehicular vision system, said vehicular vision system comprising:a driver-side exterior mirror assembly configured for mounting at a driver side of a vehicle equipped with said vehicular vision system;
wherein said driver-side exterior mirror assembly comprises a driver-side mirror reflective element that, with said driver-side exterior mirror assembly mounted at the driver side of the equipped vehicle, has a field of view at the driver side of the equipped vehicle, when viewed by a driver of the equipped vehicle, rearward of the equipped vehicle;
wherein the field of view of said driver-side mirror reflective element is adjustable by the driver via a driver-side driver-operable actuator of said driver-side exterior mirror assembly;
wherein said driver-side exterior mirror assembly comprises a driver-side camera that, with said driver-side exterior mirror assembly mounted at the driver side of the equipped vehicle, has at least a rearward field of view at the driver side of the equipped vehicle;
wherein, with said driver-side exterior mirror assembly mounted at the driver side of the equipped vehicle, the rearward field of view at the driver side of the equipped vehicle of said driver-side camera supplements the field of view of said driver-side mirror reflective element when said driver-side mirror reflective element is viewed by the driver of the equipped vehicle;
wherein said driver-side camera views at least a blind spot region adjacent the driver side of the equipped vehicle when said driver-side mirror reflective element is adjusted by the driver via said driver-side driver-operable actuator to provide the driver with the driver's desired rearward view at the driver side of the equipped vehicle, the blind spot region adjacent the driver side of the equipped vehicle being outside the field of view at the driver side of the equipped vehicle of said driver-side mirror reflective element when said driver-side mirror reflective element is viewed by the driver of the equipped vehicle;
a passenger-side exterior mirror assembly configured for mounting at a passenger side of the equipped vehicle;
wherein said passenger-side exterior mirror assembly comprises a passenger-side mirror reflective element that, with said passenger-side exterior mirror assembly mounted at the passenger side of the equipped vehicle, has a field of view at the passenger side of the equipped vehicle, when viewed by the driver of the equipped vehicle, rearward of the equipped vehicle;
wherein the field of view of said passenger-side mirror reflective element is adjustable by the driver via a passenger-side driver-operable actuator of said passenger-side exterior mirror assembly;
wherein said passenger-side exterior mirror assembly comprises a passenger-side camera that, with said passenger-side exterior mirror assembly mounted at the passenger side of the equipped vehicle, has at least a rearward field of view at the passenger side of the equipped vehicle;
wherein said passenger-side camera, with said passenger-side exterior mirror assembly mounted at the passenger side of the equipped vehicle, is operable to capture passenger-side image data;
wherein, with said passenger-side exterior mirror assembly mounted at the passenger side of the equipped vehicle, the rearward field of view at the passenger side of the equipped vehicle of said passenger-side camera supplements the field of view of said passenger-side mirror reflective element when said passenger-side mirror reflective element is viewed by the driver of the equipped vehicle;
wherein said passenger-side camera views at least a blind spot region adjacent the passenger side of the equipped vehicle when said passenger-side mirror reflective element is adjusted by the driver via said passenger-side driver-operable actuator to provide the driver with the driver's desired rearward view at the passenger side of the equipped vehicle, the blind spot region adjacent the passenger side of the equipped vehicle being outside the field of view at the passenger side of the equipped vehicle of said passenger-side mirror reflective element when said passenger-side mirror reflective element is viewed by the driver of the equipped vehicle;
an interior rearview mirror assembly configured for mounting at an interior portion of the equipped vehicle, wherein said interior rearview mirror assembly comprises an interior mirror reflective element that, with said interior rearview mirror assembly mounted at the interior portion of the equipped vehicle, provides a rearward field of view to the driver when viewing said interior rearview mirror assembly;
wherein said interior mirror reflective element of said interior rearview mirror assembly comprises an electrochromic interior mirror reflective element having a partially light transmissive and partially light reflecting mirror reflector;
a video display disposed behind said partially light transmissive and partially light reflecting mirror reflector of said interior mirror reflective element, wherein, when said video display is displaying video images, the displayed video images are viewable through said partially light transmissive and partially light reflecting mirror reflector of said interior mirror reflective element, and wherein, when said video display is not displaying video images, said video display is covert behind said partially light transmissive and partially light reflecting mirror reflector of said interior mirror reflective element;
wherein, with said interior rearview mirror assembly mounted at the interior portion of the equipped vehicle, said video display is operable to display video images derived from driver-side image data captured by said driver-side camera;
wherein, with said interior rearview mirror assembly mounted at the interior portion of the equipped vehicle, said video display is operable to display video images derived from passenger-side image data captured by said passenger-side camera;
wherein said video display comprises a driver-side display portion and a passenger-side display portion;
wherein, with said interior rearview mirror assembly mounted at the interior portion of the equipped vehicle and with said video display disposed at said interior rearview mirror assembly, said driver-side display portion is located closer to said driver-side exterior mirror assembly than said passenger-side display portion;
wherein, with said interior rearview mirror assembly mounted at the interior portion of the equipped vehicle and with said video display disposed at said interior rearview mirror assembly, said passenger-side display portion is located closer to said passenger-side exterior mirror assembly than said driver-side display portion;
wherein said driver-side display portion of said video display displays video images derived from driver-side image data captured by said driver-side camera and does not display video images derived from any passenger-side image data captured by said passenger-side camera; and
wherein said passenger-side display portion of said video display displays video images derived from passenger-side image data captured by said passenger-side camera and does not display video images derived from any driver-side image data captured by said driver-side camera.

US Pat. No. 10,427,603

DISPLAY CONTROL DEVICE AND DISPLAY CONTROL METHOD

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A display control device comprising:a viewpoint conversion unit which converts a viewpoint of images captured by a plurality of cameras mounted on an own vehicle to obtain viewpoint converted images as viewed from above the own vehicle;
a steering determination unit which determines whether a steering angle of a wheel of the own vehicle is equal to or greater than a predetermined value;
an image correction unit which, when the steering angle is equal to or greater than the predetermined value, creates a corrected image by processing a viewpoint converted image of the wheel in the viewpoint converted image so that display of the image of the wheel is suppressed;
an image synthesis unit which synthesizes the corrected image and at least one of the viewpoint converted images that is different from the corrected image to create a synthesized image; and
a display control unit which displays the synthesized image and an image of the own vehicle at the position of the own vehicle on a display device.

US Pat. No. 10,427,602

OPTICAL SYSTEM FOR ENHANCING DISPLAY VIEWING COMFORT

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An optical system for a vehicle, comprising:a rearview display configured to display an image of an area behind the vehicle; and
a positive optical device in optical communication with the rearview display such that the image displayed by the rearview display is projected to a virtual image plane that is spaced apart from the positive optical device by a predetermined virtual image distance in order to minimize an accommodation and a convergence of vehicle operator's eyes when the vehicle operator's eyes switch focus between the rearview display and an object located outside and in front of the vehicle;
wherein the positive optical device is a Fresnel lens;
wherein a distance from the Fresnel lens to the rearview display is less than a focal length of the Fresnel lens in order to minimize the accommodation and the convergence of the vehicle operator's eyes when the vehicle operator's eyes switch focus between the rearview display and the object located outside and in front of the vehicle;
wherein a relative location of a virtual image generated by the Fresnel lens and the rearview display introduced by the Fresnel lens is expressed as follows:
L?do+|di|>L
where:
L is a distance from the vehicle operator's eyes to the rearview display;
do is a distance from the Fresnel lens to the rearview display; and
di is a distance from the Fresnel lens to a virtual image generated by the Fresnel lens, and the distance from the Fresnel lens to a virtual image generated by the Fresnel lens is equal to the predetermined virtual image distance.

US Pat. No. 10,427,601

WORKING MACHINE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A working machine including an illumination device and an information providing unit, said illumination device and said information providing unit being disposed between an operator and a front of said working machine, said illumination device being disposed so as to illuminate an area ahead of the working machine and said information providing unit providing information to the operator,wherein the information providing unit includes an indicator device that emits an indicator light indicating the information, an emitting direction of the indicator light deviating from an optical axis of an illuminating light of the illumination device;
wherein the indicator device is disposed on the illumination device and emits the indicator light to a region outside of the area ahead of the working machine that is illuminated by the illumination device,
wherein the region is located between a front of the working machine and the area illuminated by the illumination device, and
wherein the front of the working machine blocks the light from the illumination device so as to form a shadow in said region to which the indicator light is emitted.

US Pat. No. 10,427,600

MOTOR VEHICLE SOUND GENERATOR SYSTEM

Faurecia Emissions Contro...

1. A motor vehicle sound generator system comprises:a housing in which a loudspeaker is accommodated, wherein the housing includes at least a first orifice and a second orifice, and wherein the first and second orifices each have a sound transmission member provided thereon, and wherein the first orifice is arranged in a front side region of the loudspeaker and the second orifice is arranged in a rear side region of the loudspeaker as viewed in an axial direction of the loudspeaker;
a first sound outlet opening that is associated with the first orifice; and
a second sound outlet opening that is associated with the second orifice, wherein sound exits into open air through the first and second sound outlet openings, and wherein the first and second sound outlet openings are free of exhaust gas flow.

US Pat. No. 10,427,599

SEAT ILLUMINATING SYSTEM

COELUX S.R.L., Lomazzo (...

1. A seat illuminating system for illuminating a target region by optically imitating natural sunlight illumination, the seat illuminating system comprising:a seat arrangement having a seat surface and a target region defined for a person sitting on the seat surface;
a mounting structure spatially fixed with respect to the seat arrangement;
a reflector unit mounted at the mounting structure and comprising a reflective surface and a luminous layer configured to diffuse at least some impinging light components to thereby homogenously emit diffuse light at a first color, wherein the luminous layer extends in front of the reflective surface and comprises a front area section of the reflector unit through which the diffuse light is emitted, wherein the front area section faces the target region and extends up to a first boundary; and
a light projector mounted at the mounting structure, wherein the light projector is configured to generate a light beam that illuminates the entire front area section such that at least a portion of the light beam passes through the luminous layer before and after being reflected by the reflective surface, thereby forming an illuminating light beam at a second color directed onto the target region, the second color being associated with a direct light correlated color temperature,
wherein the first color is associated with a diffuse light correlated color temperature that is larger than the direct light correlated color temperature of the illuminating light beam.

US Pat. No. 10,427,598

HEAD-UP DISPLAY DEVICE AND VEHICLE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A head-up display device comprising:a display device that emits light to form a display image;
a first optical member that first reflects light emitted from the display device;
one or more second optical members that reflect or transmit the reflected light of the first optical member to project a virtual image; and
an adjuster that adjusts a position of the first optical member to adjust a projection distance of the virtual image,
wherein the first optical member is positioned such that incident light to the first optical member is non-parallel to a normal of the first optical member, and
wherein the display device shifts a display position of the display image in its display area in accordance with a position of the first optical member.

US Pat. No. 10,427,597

SAFETY ARRANGEMENT

INNOTRAFIK OY, Helsinki ...

1. A safety system comprising a vehicle identifier arranged in connection with a moving vehicle or work machine and capable of radio communication and, arranged in an operating connection therewith, an alarm unit, and a personal identifier arranged in connection with a moving unit and capable of radio communication, the personal identifier comprising an alerting device for warning of vehicles or work machines in the area, and said alarm unit comprising warning equipment for warning of moving units in the area, wherein:the vehicle identifier and/or the personal identifier is configured to determine a distance between the vehicle identifier and the personal identifier based on at least one signal transmitted between the vehicle identifier and the personal identifier;
the vehicle identifier is configured to activate the warning equipment in response to the determined distance between the vehicle identifier and the personal identifier being less than a threshold value determined in advance for the vehicle identifier;
the personal identifier is configured to activate the alerting device in response to the determined distance between the vehicle identifier and the personal identifier being less than a threshold value determined in advance for the personal identifier;
the safety system further comprising a counter radio capable of radio communication, wherein the counter radio is configured to broadcast a spherical signal, and wherein the personal identifier is configured to determine a distance between the personal identifier and the counter radio based on the at least one signal transmitted between the personal identifier and the counter radio; and
wherein the personal identifier is configured to interrupt the transmission of the at least one signal transmitted between the vehicle identifier and the personal identifier and the activation of the alerting device and warning equipment, in response to the determined distance between the personal identifier and the counter radio being less than a threshold value determined in advance for the counter radio.

US Pat. No. 10,427,596

VEHICLE DIRECTIONAL INDICATOR FOR AUTONOMOUS AND NON-AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES

1. A vehicle directional indicator system for indicating the directional travel intentions of a vehicle, the system comprising: an ignition system; a directional signal circuit for receiving power when the ignition is keyed on; a power source for transporting the power; a thermal flasher for receiving the power from said power source; a directional indicator associated with a steering column for the vehicle for dynamically indicating direction of intended travel, whereby said directional indicator dynamically indicates a straight non-passive ahead directional intention for the vehicle in addition to dynamically indicating a left turn or a right turn directional intention for the vehicle whereby said vehicle is anywhere within the range of fully autonomous to non-autonomous.

US Pat. No. 10,427,595

ILLUMINATING VEHICLE ASSEMBLY AND ILLUMINATION METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An illuminating vehicle assembly, comprising:a lens having a first side, a second side opposite the first side, and at least one edge connecting the first side to the second side, wherein the first side is spaced a distance from the second side along an axis that extends from the first side to the second side, wherein the at least one edge establishes an outer perimeter of the lens;
a diffuser beneath the lens, the first side of the lens facing the diffuser, the diffuser including a plurality of light redirecting features, the plurality of light redirecting features comprising depressions within the diffuser, the depressions each opening to a surface of the diffuser that faces the first side of the lens; and
a light source configured to emit light that passes through the diffuser to illuminate the lens, the light source disposed laterally outside the outer perimeter relative to the axis.

US Pat. No. 10,427,594

DECELERATION ALERT DEVICE AND METHOD

J-MEX, Inc., Science Par...

1. An alert device for a moving device having a variable acceleration, the alert device comprising:a sensing unit including an accelerometer, and sensing the variable acceleration to generate a plurality of acceleration data;
a data processing unit employing a moving average algorithm, determining a first plurality of acceleration data samples and a second plurality of acceleration data samples respectively corresponding to two different predetermined sample sizes from the plurality of acceleration data based on the moving average algorithm to calculate a first plurality of sample averages similar to a second-low pass filter associated with a plurality of deceleration data, a plurality of pedal acceleration data, a plurality of acceleration errors and a second plurality of sample averages similar to a first-low pass filter associated with the plurality of acceleration errors, and as serving as a band-pass filtering function to obtain a plurality of sample average differences between the first and the second pluralities of sample averages, so as to eliminate the plurality of acceleration errors and reveal the plurality of deceleration data and the plurality of pedal acceleration data; and
a motion analysis unit analyzing the plurality of sample average differences based on a predetermined check algorithm to distinguish the plurality of pedal acceleration data and obtain a derived resultant value, and performing a data comparison between the derived resultant value and a predetermined threshold value to generate a comparison result.

US Pat. No. 10,427,593

VEHICLE LIGHT ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a pair of light assemblies disposed on opposing sides of a rear portion of a vehicle, wherein each light assembly includes a housing and a lens;
a plurality of light sources disposed in the housing and configured to create a first predefined illumination pattern; and
a controller configured to selectively activate a first illumination pattern from one of the pair of housings corresponding to a direction of a vehicle steering wheel rotation, the first illumination pattern configured to illuminate an area vehicle forwardly and rearwardly of the light assembly, wherein the plurality of light sources progressively illuminate from an inboard first portion of the plurality of light sources to a second portion of the plurality of light sources outboard of the first portion as the steering wheel is rotated in one direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,592

CAR LIGHT SENSOR WARNING FOR HEADLIGHTS

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of controlling exterior lights on a vehicle, the method comprising:receiving an input indicative of a desired mode of operation of the exterior lights from a user-selectable input device, the user-selectable input device including an on-setting, an off-setting, and an automatic-setting;
receiving sensor data indicative of a level of visibility outside the vehicle;
comparing the sensor data to a first threshold;
automatically activating the exterior lights while the user-selectable input device is positioned in the automatic-setting in response to determining that the level of visibility is less than the first threshold;
generating, by an electronic processor, a notification indicative of an improper positioning of the user-selectable input device when the sensor data indicates that the level of visibility is less than the first threshold and the user-selectable input device is positioned in the off-setting;
comparing the sensor data to a second threshold, the second threshold being lower than the first threshold; and
automatically activating the exterior lights while the user-selectable input device is positioned in the off-setting in response to determining that the level of visibility is less than the second threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,427,591

SOLID STATE STEERABLE LIGHT

J.W. SPEAKER CORPORATION,...

1. A light assembly for generating a light pattern, the assembly comprising:a a first bank of LEDs and a second bank of LEDs mounted in a line, each LED in the first bank and the second bank having a duty cycle;
a first lens positioned in front of the first bank of LEDs to direct light from each LED into an illumination field associated with the LED;
a second lens positioned in front of the second bank of LEDs to direct light from each LED into an illumination field associated with the LED, wherein the illumination fields of energized LEDs in the first bank and the second bank together create an illumination pattern, wherein a separate illumination field associated with the first bank LEDs overlaps each two adjacent illumination fields associated with the second bank while a separate illumination field associated with the second bank LEDs overlaps each two adjacent illumination fields associated with the first bank, and wherein a first edge illumination field is at one end of the illumination pattern and a second edge illumination field is at another end of the illumination pattern opposite the one end; and
a processor controlling the LED duty cycles to move the illumination pattern projected by the first lens and the second lens in a first direction to the side of the first edge illumination field opposite the second edge illumination field by:
(i) increasing a duty cycle of an LED associated with the first edge illumination field while simultaneously decreasing a duty cycle of an LED associated with the second edge illumination field; and
(ii) repeating step (i) with the illumination field adjacent the first edge illumination field in the first direction as the first edge illumination field and with the illumination field adjacent the second edge illumination field in the first direction as the second edge illumination field.

US Pat. No. 10,427,590

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING HIGH LAMP OF VEHICLE

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. An apparatus for controlling a high lamp of a reference vehicle, comprising:a camera photographing a rear side of a target vehicle in front of the reference vehicle;
a brightness measurer measuring an entire average brightness of an image of the rear side of the target vehicle photographed by the camera, measuring the brightness of a backlight area of the target vehicle in the image and measuring the brightness of a non-backlight area of the target vehicle in the image; and
a controller configured to:
turn on a brightness adjusting function of the high lamp and adjust a brightness of the high lamp in order to remove glare to the eyes of a driver of the target vehicle, when the entire average brightness at the rear side of the target vehicle is greater than a predetermined reference brightness of the image of the rear side of the target vehicle,
determine whether the backlight area of the target vehicle exists in the image,
determine whether a brightness difference between the backlight area and the non-backlight area of the target vehicle is greater than a reference value, when the backlight area exists in the image,
turn off the brightness adjusting function and control the high lamp when the brightness difference between the backlight area and the non-backlight area of the target vehicle is greater than the reference value,
control the high lamp of the reference vehicle in order to remove glare to the eyes of the driver of the target vehicle, caused by light of the high lamp of the reference vehicle, and
control the high lamp of the reference vehicle in order to remove glare to the eyes of a driver of the reference vehicle, caused by light of the high lamp of the reference vehicle reflected from a rear view mirror of the target vehicle,
wherein the controlling of the high lamp is one of adjusting the brightness of the high lamp, turning-off of the high lamp and adjusting an angle of the high lamp.

US Pat. No. 10,427,587

FRONT LIGHT BAR ASSEMBLY FOR VEHICLE

NAADE, Inc., Laredo, TX ...

1. A front light bar assembly for the front of a motor vehicle having a front bumper and front grill, comprisinga main frame comprising a front tubular member and a mounting plate permanently fastened to an upper portion of the front tubular member, the front tubular member extending across a majority of a width of the front grill and having two opposing ends inclined toward a rear of the vehicle, the mounting plate having a plurality of fastener holes extending therethrough;
two vehicle mounting members connected to the main frame and having a rearward end configured to releasably connect to the motor vehicle, each vehicle mounting member extending in a rearward direction a distance sufficient to connect to the motor vehicle and position the main frame above the front bumper and in front of the front grill;
a light box releasably fastened to and extending below the main frame, the light box having a front panel with an elongated opening over 12 inches long and over one inch high and having a mounting bracket on each opposing end of the elongated opening for mounting one end of a light bar, the light box having a height short enough that the front panel fits between the main frame and the front bumper;
wherein the light box further comprises two opposing end panels connected to the front panel and extending in a downward and rearward direction, with a bottom edge on each end panel that inclines upward toward a bottom of the main frame;wherein the light box is connected to the bottom of the mounting plate by four bolts on each side of the mounting plate, with two of those four bolts connecting one of the mounting brackets to the mounting plate, and the remaining two of those four bolts connecting one of the end panels to the mounting plate.

US Pat. No. 10,427,586

HEAD LAMP DEVICE OF VEHICLE

KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIK...

1. A head lamp device of a vehicle, the head lamp device comprising:a pair of lamp units arranged in a direction perpendicular to a forward and rearward direction of a vehicle body, each of the pair of lamp units including at least one light emitting element, one of a pair of reflectors which reflect light emitted from the at least one light emitting element, and a heat sink thermally coupled to the at least one light emitting element;
a lighting circuit unit which is supplied with electric power from a power supply and lights the at least one light emitting element; and
a lamp case accommodating the light emitting element and the pair of reflectors,
wherein the at least one light emitting element is an LED element,
wherein at least a portion of the lighting circuit unit is disposed in a gap formed between the pair of lamp units in the direction in which the pair of lamp units are arranged,
wherein the lighting circuit unit is disposed between two heat sinks in the direction in which the pair of lamp units are arranged,
wherein the light emitting elements of the pair of lamp units are supplied with electric power by the lighting circuit unit, and
wherein the lighting circuit unit is fastened to a center of a wall member of the lamp case, the wall member being disposed at a rear portion of the lamp case and extending in the direction in which the pair of lamp units are arranged, the center of the wall member being a center in the direction in which the pair of lamp units are arranged.

US Pat. No. 10,427,585

ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY DEVICE FOR AT LEAST ONE LED AND AT LEAST ONE ELECTRONIC COMPONENT, COMPRISING A CIRCUIT FOR DRIVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY EQUIPPED WITH AN INSERT

VALEO ILUMINACION, Marto...

1. Electrical power supply device for at least one light source of a light emitting diode type and at least one electronic component, comprising:a circuit for driving the electrical power supply of the at least one light source, the circuit comprising at least one electrical conductor track and a housing for accommodating an insert; and
the insert in an electrically conducting material, said insert being inserted in the housing and comprising a first end portion electrically connected to the at least one electrical conductor track, and a second end portion suited to being electrically connected to at least one electronic component so as to supply electrical power to the at least one electronic component,
wherein the first end portion is in a material different from the second end portion.

US Pat. No. 10,427,584

LAMP APPARATUS

HYUNDAI MOBIS CO., LTD., ...

1. A lamp apparatus, comprising:a light source;
optics comprising an inlet configured to receive light irradiated from the light source, an outlet configured to discharge the light inputted from the inlet and comprising a plurality of facets formed thereon, and an optical connector connecting the inlet and the outlet;
wherein the inlet is formed in a concave shape toward the outlet;
wherein the inlet comprises: a first inlet formed in a concave shape toward the outlet, and formed in a ring shape such that the circumference of the first inlet is connected to the optical connector;
a second inlet formed in an aspheric concave shape toward the outlet, such that the circumference of the second inlet is connected to an inner circumferential surface of the first inlet;
a light guide positioned between the light source and the optics, and configured to guide the light irradiated from the light source toward the optics; and
a support configured to support the optics or the light guide.

US Pat. No. 10,427,583

SECURING CARGO FOR RAIL TRANSPORT USING POLYMER FOAM MATERIAL

1. A method comprising:placing a plurality of cargo units in a railcar; and
placing a plurality of cargo restraint panels in the railcar,
wherein, after placement of the plurality of cargo units and the plurality of cargo restraint panels in the railcar, the plurality of cargo units and the plurality of cargo restraint panels are arranged, in a front to rear direction of the railcar, in alternating groups of one or more cargo units, of the plurality of cargo units, separated by one or more cargo restraint panels, of the plurality of cargo restraint panels, and
wherein each cargo restraint panel, of the plurality of cargo restraint panels, comprises:
a foam component having at least one polymer foam sheet, the foam component including a foam component front face, a foam component rear face, and a plurality of foam component side faces, wherein the plurality of foam component side faces are located between the foam component front face and the foam component rear face,
a first fibrous reinforcing material bonded to and substantially covering the foam component front face and the foam component rear face, and
a spun-bonded second fibrous material, different from the first fibrous reinforcing material, covering the foam component side faces.

US Pat. No. 10,427,581

TRAILER FOR LOADING AND UNLOADING HEAT EXCHANGER TUBE BUNDLES

Austin Industrial Service...

8. A trailer for transporting a heat exchanger bundle comprising:a base frame having at least a first longitudinal support member and a second longitudinal support member;
a wheel assembly coupled to the base frame;
a seal pan configured to capture debris falling from the heat exchanger bundle, the seal pan comprising:
a central plate positioned between the first longitudinal support member and the second longitudinal support member and extending along a length of the base frame, wherein the central plate is positioned below a top surface of the first longitudinal support member and below a top surface of the second longitudinal support member, and wherein the central plate, the first longitudinal support member and the second longitudinal support member define a channel along the length of the trailer; and
at least two slide plates configured to interface with, and move longitudinally relative to, the trailer, wherein a bottom surface of each of the at least two slide plates comprises: an indented portion, a first flat portion on a first side of the indented portion, and a second flat portion on a second side of the indented portion, wherein, as each of the at least two slide plates is interfaced with the trailer, the indented portion resides within the channel, the first flat portion slidably engages a top surface of the first longitudinal support member, and the second flat portion slidably engages a top surface of the second longitudinal support member, and wherein an upper surface of each of the at least two slide plates comprises a concave shape configured to support the heat exchanger bundle during placement of the heat exchanger bundle on, removal of the heat exchanger bundle from, or transport of the heat exchanger bundle while on, the trailer.

US Pat. No. 10,427,580

CARGO TANK ASSEMBLIES WITH GROUND LEVEL ACCESS

Wabash National, L.P., L...

1. A cargo tank assembly comprising:a cargo tank configured for transport of pressurized materials;
a plurality of access ports for the cargo tank, including a manway and one or more of an inlet port to fill the cargo tank, an outlet port to empty the cargo tank, a cleaning port, and an inspection port;
a vapor recovery system, including a vapor-recovery fitting configured to attach to an external conduit to discharge vapor from the cargo tank;
a cabinet arranged to enclose the plurality of access ports and the vapor-recovery fitting, the cabinet thereby providing ground-level access to the plurality of access ports and the vapor-recovery fitting; and
a housing with an outer jacket that is spaced apart from the cargo tank;
wherein the cabinet is arranged to provide ground-level access to within the outer jacket;
wherein the vapor recovery system includes a vapor-recovery port at a top end of the cargo tank and vapor-recovery piping that extends outside of the cabinet between the vapor-recovery fitting and vapor-recovery port; and
wherein the outer jacket encloses the vapor-recovery piping and the vapor-recovery port.

US Pat. No. 10,427,579

HYDRAULIC BALE TRAILER

1. A hydraulic bale trailer comprising:a frame, where the frame is elongate and has a long axis;
an axle caddy, where the frame is connected to the axle caddy such that the frame is capable of tilting on its long axis;
a lock assembly connected to the axle caddy such that the lock assembly is capable of preventing the frame from tilting when the lock assembly is in an engaged position;
a hydraulic assembly with a first end and a second end, where the first end is connected to the frame and the second end is connected to the axle caddy and where the hydraulic assembly is capable of releasing the lock assembly from the engaged position to a disengaged position, allowing the frame to tilt; and
a pendulum assembly, where the first end of the hydraulic assembly is connected to the frame via the pendulum assembly and where the pendulum assembly comprises:
a pendulum box extending downward from the frame; and
a pendulum pivotally mounted within the pendulum box such that the pendulum is capable of pivoting freely within the pendulum box along a plane lying perpendicular to the long axis of the frame, where the first end of the hydraulic assembly is pivotally connected to a distal end of the pendulum such that actuating the hydraulic assembly causes the pendulum to pivot within the pendulum box.

US Pat. No. 10,427,578

SIDE-BY-SIDE UTILITY VEHICLE

Polaris Industries Inc., ...

1. A utility vehicle configured to support at least an operator and a rear passenger, comprising:a plurality of ground-engaging members;
a frame assembly supported by the plurality of ground-engaging members and including a longitudinally-extending frame member, a first seat support member supported by the longitudinally-extending frame member, and a second seat support member positioned longitudinally rearward of the first seat support member and supported by the longitudinally-extending frame member;
a front seating area including the first seat support member and a front seat configured to be supported by the first seat support member;
a rear seating area positioned longitudinally rearward of the front seating area, and the rear seating area includes the second seat support member and a rear seat configured to be supported by the second seat support member; and
a rear floorboard sized to support a foot of the rear passenger within the rear seating area, and the rear floorboard is positioned below the first seat support member, and at least the first seat support member is supported by the longitudinally-extending frame member independent of the rear floorboard.

US Pat. No. 10,427,577

INTERIOR TRIM ASSEMBLY INCLUDING A DEPLOYABLE SUPPORT SUB-ASSEMBLY FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

FAURECIA INTERIOR SYSTEMS...

1. An interior trim assembly for a vehicle interior of a motor vehicle comprising:an interior trim panel having a first outer surface for facing the vehicle interior and a second outer surface on a side opposite the first outer surface, the interior trim panel having an opening formed therethrough extending from the first outer surface to the second outer surface; and
a deployable support sub-assembly coupled to the interior trim panel and including:
a support layer; and
a first moveable arm coupled to the support layer and including a first arm section and a second arm section pivotably coupled to the first arm section, wherein the first and second arm sections cooperate to move the support layer from a stowed position adjacent to the second outer surface, behind and substantially covered by the interior trim panel through the opening to a deployed position adjacent to the first outer surface of the interior trim panel for exposing to the vehicle interior.

US Pat. No. 10,427,576

SEAT RECLINING APPARATUS

SHIROKI CORPORATION, Fuj...

1. A seat reclining apparatus for a reclining seat including a seat cushion and a seatback,wherein, when a reclining mechanism of said seat reclining apparatus is provided between said seat cushion and said seatback, said seatback is supported to be capable of tilting forward and rearward relative to said seat cushion and has a moving range including: a lockable range, in which the reclining mechanism operates to allow an angle of said seatback relative to said seat cushion to be adjusted; and an unlock range in front of said lockable range, in which a non-operating state of said reclining mechanism is maintained, and
wherein said seat reclining apparatus comprises:
a stopper which is movable between a forward-tilt restriction position to stop said seatback at an intermediate stop position in said unlock range and a restriction release position to allow said seatback to tilt forward beyond said intermediate stop position, is situated at said forward-tilt restriction position when said seatback tilts toward said intermediate stop position from said lockable range side, and is movable from said forward-tilt restriction position to said restriction release position in a state where said seatback stops at said intermediate stop position; and
a holding mechanism which keeps holding said stopper in said restriction release position until said seatback returns to said lockable range from a state where said seatback tilts forward beyond said intermediate stop position following a movement of said stopper from said forward-tilt restriction position to said restriction release position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,575

REMOVABLE HEAD RESTRAINT BUN FEATURE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A headrest assembly, comprising:a front panel having a base portion and a support portion extending upwardly from the base portion, wherein the support portion of the front panel includes a mounting surface having a mounting aperture disposed therethrough;
a rear panel having a base portion and a support portion extending upwardly from the base portion, wherein the support portion of the rear panel includes a mounting aperture configured to align with the mounting aperture of the front panel in assembly;
a support member having first and second legs interconnected by an upper cross member, wherein the front panel is directly coupled to the rear panel around the support member in assembly; and
a headrest bun releasably coupled to the mounting surface of the support portion of the front panel.

US Pat. No. 10,427,574

VEHICLE HEADREST SLIDING DEVICE

Woobo Tech Co., Ltd., Py...

1. A headrest sliding device comprising:a lower side bracket wherein teeth are formed along the front to rear direction and being fixed to a stay;
a front side link whose lower portion is rotatably connected to a front side of the lower side bracket through a first front side hinge shaft;
a rear side link whose lower portion is rotatably connected to a rear side of the lower side bracket through a first rear side hinge shaft;
a left side link and a right side link connected to a left upper side and a right upper side of the front side link and the rear side link through a second front side hinge shaft and a second rear side hinge shaft, respectively;
a return spring for applying a restoring force to the front side link with respect to the lower side bracket;
a ratchet disposed in either one of the left side link and the right side link so as to be engaged with the teeth, and being supported by a hinge shaft of the ratchet having a rotation axis along the left to right direction;
a release protrusion formed in the ratchet and disposed almost in parallel with the hinge shaft of the ratchet; and
a release lever which is supported at either one of the left side link and the right side link wherein the ratchet is supported, and releases the gearing state by lifting up the release protrusion when an external force is applied thereto,
wherein the release lever comprises:
a release link supported at the release support plate through a third hinge shaft;
a release bottom plate formed in a first end of the release link and disposed in a lower surface of the release protrusion; and
a pressing plate, formed in a second end of the release link, to which the external force is applied.

US Pat. No. 10,427,573

HEADREST HAVING ENGAGING MEMBERS AND LOCKING MECHANISM WITH ENGAGING PORTIONS

TS TECH CO., LTD., Asaka...

1. A headrest comprising:a right headrest pillar and a left headrest pillar apart from the right headrest pillar;
a fixed frame disposed on the headrest pillars;
a movable frame coupled to the fixed frame with a movable mechanism, the movable frame being movable in a front-back direction relative to the fixed frame; and
a front-back locking mechanism locking and unlocking a front-back movement of the movable frame relative to the fixed frame,
wherein the front-back locking mechanism comprises:
a plurality of engaged members disposed outside the right and left headrest pillars in a width direction thereof; and
a locking member having a plurality of engaging portions to be respectively engaged with the engaged members to lock the movement of the movable frame,
the fixed frame comprises a holder holding the locking member, the holder being disposed on a rear face of the fixed frame, and
the holder is disposed in the rear of at least the right and left headrest pillars.

US Pat. No. 10,427,572

HEADREST FOLDING DEVICE

Woobo Tech Co., Ltd., Py...

1. A headrest folding device comprising:a main bracket mounted in a seat back or a headrest;
a stay, mounted in any one of said seat back and said headrest, being rotated with respect to said main bracket so as to be moved between an upright (unfolding) position and a folding position;
a lock link having one end supported by said main bracket through a first hinge shaft and an other end engaged with a horizontal bar of said stay;
a first twisted coil spring having one end supported by said main bracket and an other end supported by said horizontal bar of said stay;
a release lever having one end supported by said main bracket through a second hinge shaft;
a ratchet which is rotatably supported by said main bracket through a line shaft, and wherein contact thereof with said lock link is released by said release lever;
a second twisted coil spring having one end supported by said main bracket and an other end supported by said release lever; and
an operating member configured to apply operating force to the other end of said release lever.

US Pat. No. 10,427,571

VEHICULAR SEAT ELEMENT

PROPRIETECT L.P., Toront...

1. A vehicular seat element for a vehicle, the vehicular seat element comprising:a rate sensitive foam element defining a first major surface, wherein the rate sensitive foam element is arranged to serve as an outermost foam element of the vehicular seat element and the first major surface defines a seating surface for an occupant of the vehicle; and
a foam core element defining a second major surface configured to be in contact with a support surface of the vehicle,
wherein the foam core element and the rate sensitive foam element are different elements, the foam core element being secured to the rate sensitive foam element at a surface that is opposed the first major surface.

US Pat. No. 10,427,569

ADJUSTMENT MECHANISM FOR A SEAT

KONGSBERG AUTOMOTIVE, INC...

1. An assembly for use in a seat having a seat frame, said assembly comprising:a seat support adapted for adjustable suspension in the seat frame, with said seat support adjustable in a first adjustment direction and a second adjustment direction opposite said first adjustment direction;
a chassis mounted on said seat support;
a screw drive supported on said chassis for rotation in a first rotational direction and in a second rotational direction opposite said first rotational direction;
an actuator operably coupled to said screw drive to selectively generate said rotation of said screw drive;
a drive block in threaded engagement with said screw drive such that said rotation of said screw drive in said first rotational direction translates said drive block along said chassis in a first translational direction and rotation of said screw drive in said second rotational direction translates said drive block along said chassis in a second translational direction opposite said first translation direction;
a first cable having first and second segments with said first segment adapted for attachment to the seat frame, and said second segment having first and second portions with said first portion engaging said chassis and said second portion affixed to said drive block;
a second cable having first and second segments with said first segment adapted for attachment to the seat frame, and said second segment having third and fourth portions with said third portion engaging said chassis and said fourth portion affixed to said drive block; wherein said second and fourth portions concurrently translate with said drive block in said first translational direction when said screw drive operates in said first rotational direction adjusting said seat support in said first adjustment direction and wherein said second and fourth portions concurrently translate with said drive block in said second translational direction when said screw drive operates in said second rotational direction adjusting said seat support in said second adjustment direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,567

AIR CHANNEL FOAM PAD WITH THERMALLY CONDUCTIVE TAPE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seat cushion assembly comprising:a first foam pad defining a ventilating column disposed therethrough;
a topper pad disposed over the first foam pad;
a second foam pad disposed adjacent the first foam pad, the second foam pad and the first foam pad defining a flow channel in fluid communication with the ventilating column;
a thermally conductive tape including a thermoelectric device disposed between the first foam pad and the topper pad, wherein the thermoelectric device is disposed near an end of the ventilating column; and
an air mover moving air from an air intake of the flow channel to an air exhaust of the flow channel, wherein the flow channel extends beneath the thermally conductive tape to deliver air to the ventilating column and the bottom of the thermoelectric device to cool or heat the thermoelectric device.

US Pat. No. 10,427,566

VEHICLE SEAT COMPRISING AN ADDITIONAL VOLUME FOR LEVELLING AND STABILIZATION

GRAMMER AG, Amberg (DE)

1. A vehicle seat comprising a device for levelling and stabilising the vehicle seat, the vehicle seat comprising an upper seat element, which can be moved relative to a lower seat element by a first air spring and on which a mass can be arranged, the lower and the upper seat element being arranged at a predetermined distance from one another, and the first air spring being fluidically connected to an additional volume of an additional volume module by a first fluid connection, and the internal pressure of the first air spring being controllable by the additional volume module,wherein the device comprises a limited auxiliary volume, which is fluidically coupled to the additional volume by means of a fluid conveying unit and a second fluid connection, it being possible, when the distance between said seat elements changes due to a shift in weight on the upper seat element, to change the internal pressure of the additional volume and, indirectly, of the first air spring by a fluid being conveyed between the auxiliary volume and the additional volume by means of the fluid conveying unit in order to compensate for the change in distance.

US Pat. No. 10,427,565

VEHICULAR SEAT EQUIPPED WITH CUSHION AIRBAG DEVICE, AND CUSHION AIRBAG

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicular seat comprising:a cushion panel disposed to extend in a seat front-rear direction and to form a bottom portion of a seat cushion;
an inflator configured to operate to produce gas, the inflator being provided in the seat cushion; and
a cushion airbag configured to expand due to the gas supplied from the inflator and to push up a range including portions of a seat occupant from thighs to hip points in an expansion end state, the cushion airbag being provided over the cushion panel,
wherein the cushion airbag is set such that a push-up force in rear right and left regions corresponding to right and left hip joints to right and left lower ischium portions of the seat occupant in the expansion end state is lower than a push-up force in a rear center region present between the rear right and left regions in the expansion end state.

US Pat. No. 10,427,564

DIRECTED IMPACT ABSORPTION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Mobius Protection Systems...

1. An impact absorption device for a vehicle's seat, comprising:a vertical support;
at least one spirally wound energy absorbing element produced by introducing a cut of a specified width into a manufactured tubular element, configured to absorb impact energy by plastic elongation or compression, hingedly connectable to the seat and hingedly connected to the vertical support; and
at least four rods hingedly connectable to the seat and hingedly connected to the vertical support, the rods positioned to geometrically guide a relative motion of the seat, when connected thereto, with respect to the vertical support upon impact, and to direct the impact energy absorption by the at least one energy absorbing element.

US Pat. No. 10,427,563

SEAT ASSEMBLY HAVING A PIVOT RESTRAINT MECHANISM THAT LIMITS SEAT BACK MOVEMENT

Lear Corporation, Southf...

1. A seat assembly comprising:a seat bottom having a seat bottom frame and a seat bottom trim cover that covers the seat bottom frame;
a seat back that is pivotal about an axis with respect to the seat bottom, the seat back having a seat back frame and a seat back trim cover that covers the seat back frame; and
a belt that has a first end that is coupled to the seat bottom frame and a second end that is coupled to the seat back frame, wherein the belt limits pivotal movement of the seat back about the axis away from the seat bottom, wherein the belt is disposed completely inside the seat assembly such that the seat back trim cover and seat bottom trim cover completely cover the belt; and
a sleeve that is provided with the seat back trim cover, the seat bottom trim cover, or the seat back trim cover and the seat bottom trim cover and the belt is received in the sleeve.

US Pat. No. 10,427,562

VEHICLE SEATING ASSEMBLY HAVING EXTENDABLE HEADREST PANEL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly comprising:a seat-base;
a seatback pivotally coupled to the seat-base and operable to a forwardly-folded position that arranges the seatback over the seat-base;
a headrest coupled to the seatback by a connecting feature; and
a panel assembly directly coupled to the connecting feature, wherein the panel assembly slidably extends to a position forward of the headrest when the seatback is in the forwardly-folded position, and wherein the panel assembly is offset from the seatback such that the seatback and the panel assembly are free of overlap in a vertical plane when the seatback is in the forwardly-folded position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,561

VEHICULAR SEAT

TS Tech Co., Ltd., Saita...

1. A vehicular seat, comprising:a seat main body having a seat back which is a backrest part, and a seat cushion which is connected to the seat back and is a seating part, wherein the seat main body is configured to be housed in a housing position formed in a vehicle body floor;
right and left lower rails that are mounted to the vehicle body floor and extend in a seat front to back direction;
right and left upper rails that are slidably mounted along the lower rails and support the seat main body;
a reclining device that is arranged at a height position which overlaps the upper rails in an up and down direction and pivotably supports the seat main body from a vehicle body floor side of the seat main body;
a support base mounted to the right and left upper rails that supports the seat main body; and
a connecting bracket that connects a lower end portion of the seat back and the reclining device;
wherein the connecting bracket is mounted further to an outside in a seat width direction than the reclining device and arranged at a position to sandwich the reclining device between the support base and the connecting bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,427,560

VEHICLE SEAT

TOYOTA BOSHOKU KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle seat in which a through hole extending substantially in a front-rear direction is provided at a rear end portion of a seat cushion or a lower end portion of a seat back, a locking member attached to a vehicle body being provided in the through hole, and the locking member being configured to lock an attaching member which is provided to a child seat and inserted inside the through hole, the vehicle seat comprising:a cover member including:
a front plate portion covering an opening edge portion of a front opening of the through hole; and
a tubular side plate portion extending rearward from an inner end portion of the front opening of the front plate portion and covering at least a part of an outer peripheral wall portion of the through hole; and
a substantially flat plate-shaped lid member having an outer peripheral edge portion along an inner side face of the side plate portion and configured to be attached to the cover member in a state where the outer peripheral edge portion thereof abuts on the inner side face of the side plate portion,
wherein the cover member includes an R-chamfered portion configured to guide the attaching member into the through hole, the R-chamfered portion being formed between the front plate portion and the side plate portion,
wherein the outer peripheral edge portion of the lid member abuts on the side plate portion of the cover member at an R-end point of the R-chamfered portion or at a position further rear than the R-end point, so that the lid member is attached to the cover member, and
wherein in a state where the outer peripheral edge portion of the lid member abuts on the side plate portion of the cover member, an entire front surface of the lid member is located at or behind the R-end point of the R-chamfered portion.

US Pat. No. 10,427,558

SAFETY SEAT FOR USE IN VEHICLES AND CONVERTIBLE AS A PUSHCHAIR

1. A safety seat, comprising:a seat portion mounted to a backrest portion, a wheel base assembly mounted under said seat portion, said wheel base assembly includes a retractable front wall having a rear face, a rear wall, and two side walls, thereby defining a perimeter having an interior space therein; said wheel base assembly includes a pair of first wheel members each mounted to one of said two side walls and extending away from said seat portion; a pair of second wheel members mounted to the rear face of said retractable front wall; a first switch is in communication with said pair of first wheel members and is configured to raise said pair of first wheel members within said interior space and said perimeter upon being actuated; a second switch is in communication with said pair of second wheel members and is configured to raise said pair of second wheel members within said interior space and said perimeter upon being actuated.

US Pat. No. 10,427,556

BACKREST ADJUSTER FOR A VEHICLE SEAT

Faurecia Automotive Seati...

1. A vehicle seat comprisinga seat bottom adapted to couple to a floor of a vehicle to move relative to the floor of the vehicle,
a backrest frame coupled to the seat bottom and arranged to extend upwardly away from the seat bottom, and
a backrest adjuster including a hinge coupled to the backrest frame, a movable plate coupled to the hinge to move relative to the backrest frame and adapted to support an upper back of a passenger resting on the vehicle seat, and a drive mechanism arranged to extend between and interconnect the backrest frame and the movable plate to cause the movable plate to move between a back position in which a backrest is positioned proximate to the backrest frame and a forward position in which the backrest is positioned forward of the backrest frame,
wherein the backrest adjuster further comprises a backrest support arranged to extend between and interconnect the movable plate and the hinge and the backrest support moves with the movable plate between the back and forward positions,
wherein the hinge comprises a deformable grommet and a portion of the backrest support extends through an aperture formed in the deformable grommet.

US Pat. No. 10,427,555

CONVEYANCE SEAT

TS Tech Co., Ltd., Saita...

1. A conveyance seat, comprising:a seat cushion having i) a fixed portion arranged on a seat cushion frame, and ii) a movable portion that is movable relative to the fixed portion for adjustment of a length of the seat cushion, wherein the conveyance seat further includes:
a movable portion side engagement portion arranged on the movable portion and fixed relative to the movable portion;
a fixed portion side engagement portion installed on the fixed portion, configured to move between a locking position where the fixed portion side engagement portion engages with the movable portion side engagement portion to bring the movable portion into an unmovable state and an unlocking position where the fixed portion side engagement portion is released from the movable portion side engagement portion to bring the movable portion into a movable state; and
a driving portion, arranged on the movable portion, for moving the fixed portion side engagement portion from the locking position to the unlocking position.

US Pat. No. 10,427,554

OCCUPANT SUPPORT

Faurecia Automotive Seati...

1. An occupant support comprisinga vehicle seat including a seat bottom and a seat back, the vehicle seat configured to support an occupant thereon,
a support unit coupled to the vehicle seat and configured to move relative to the vehicle seat to support the occupant in one of a compressed posture, in which the occupants thoracic and lumbar regions of the spine are generally c-shaped, and an expanded posture, in which the occupants thoracic and lumbar regions of the spine are generally s-shaped, and
a motion-control unit configured to provide means for controlling movement of the support unit relative to the vehicle seat between the compressed posture and the expanded posture in response to a posture of the occupant to promote movement of the occupant as the occupant changes between the compressed posture and the expanded posture.

US Pat. No. 10,427,552

EXPANDABLE SEAT FOR A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An expandable seat for a vehicle, comprising:a support structure movable between expanded and contracted states and forming a seating region that is greater in size when in the expanded state than in the contracted state, wherein the support structure tapers laterally;
a flexible covering movably coupled to the support structure, the support structure and the flexible covering cooperating to ensure that the flexible covering covers the seating region of the support structure when the support structure is in the expanded state, and in the contracted state; and
a carrier assembly coupling a free end of the flexible covering to the support structure and allowing the free end of the flexible covering to move relative to the support structure as the support structure moves between the expanded state and the contracted state.

US Pat. No. 10,427,551

VEHICLE SEAT CONVERSION APPARATUS AND METHOD

1. A method for converting a van vehicle rear seating system from an OEM vehicle seating system to a customized seating system wherein the OEM vehicle seating system has OEM seats and has a plurality of spaced apart OEM seat legs, each seat leg having a forward seat connection portion and a rear seat connection portion to which the OEM seats are attached and the seat legs being attached to the vehicle floor by an OEM attachment structure and the seat leg forward seat connection portion having an upward extending forward support member terminating in a forward flange portion defined by spaced apart forward mounting flange plates defining an axially extending front receiving space and the rear seat connection portion having an upward extending rear support member terminating in a rear flange portion defined by spaced apart rear mounting flange plates defining an axially extending rear receiving space; the front receiving space and the rear receiving space being axially aligned, the method comprising:providing an adapter base having an axial portion and a lateral portion, the axial portion comprising at least one axial member extending axially from a frontal end to a rearward end and adapted to have the frontal end secured to the forward seat connection portion and the rearward end secured to the rear seat connection portion, said at least one axial portion of the adapter base having a vertical height defined by oppositely facing surfaces, said oppositely facing surfaces being spaced apart to fit into both the rear receiving space and the front receiving space respectively and the lateral portion comprising a pair of axially spaced apart lateral members extending in parallel laterally defining a forward lateral member and a rear lateral member and being connected respectively to the frontal end of the at least one axial member and to the rearward end of the at least one axial member;
removing one or more OEM seats from respective OEM seat legs of the OEM seats;
attaching the adapter base to at least one of the respective OEM seat legs by attaching the frontal end of the at least one axial member to a respective forward seat connection portion of the at least one respective OEM seat leg and the rearward end of the at least one axial member to a respective rear connection portion of the at least one OEM seat leg;
whereby the pair of axially spaced apart lateral members will extend laterally;
providing one or more replacement seats, each replacement seat having axial forward and rearward securing portions located to be secured respectively to the forward and rearward lateral members; and
attaching the one or more replacement seats to the mating lateral members.

US Pat. No. 10,427,550

METHOD FOR CHARGING AN ELECTRICALLY OPERATED VEHICLE WITH THE AID OF A CHARGING CABLE, CHARGING CABLE AND RESIDUAL CURRENT ARRANGEMENT FOR DETECTING A DIRECT CURRENT

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

5. A charging cable, designed to charge an electrically operated vehicle, the charging cable including an in-cable control and protecting device configured to:identify a charging process of the electrically operated vehicle to be performed, via the charging cable; and
perform a calibration of a residual current arrangement for detecting a direct current prior to performing the charging process.

US Pat. No. 10,427,549

ALIGNING AND MATCHING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR WIRELESS CHARGING OF AUTOMOBILE

XIAMEN NEWYEA SCIENCE AND...

1. An aligning and matching system for wireless charging of an automobile, comprising a wireless charging receiver disposed on a lower portion of an electric automobile and a wireless charging transmitter disposed on a ground of a parking area, wherein the wireless charging receiver establishes communication with the wireless charging transmitter within a certain distance, and wireless power transmission is started automatically;the wireless charging receiver comprises a wireless receiving panel and an aligning detection module; the wireless receiving panel is provided with a receiving coil, the aligning detection module comprises a first magnetic sensor chip array composed of a plurality of magnetic sensor chips and a first solenoid set composed of a plurality of solenoids for generating magnetic fields, and the magnetic sensor chips of the first magnetic sensor chip array and the solenoids of the first solenoid set are disposed around the receiving coil;
the wireless charging transmitter comprises a wireless transmitting panel, a matching detection module and a driving device for driving the wireless transmitting panel to move, wherein the wireless transmitting panel is provided with a transmitting coil, the matching detection module comprises a photosensitive sensor chip array composed of a plurality of photosensitive sensor chips, a second magnetic sensor chip array composed of a plurality of magnetic sensor chips and a second solenoid set composed of a plurality of solenoids for generating magnetic fields; and the wireless transmitting panel is disposed on the driving device and is driven by the driving device to be moved and aligned.

US Pat. No. 10,427,548

ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CHARGING ELECTRIC VEHICLE

EATON INTELLIGENT POWER L...

1. An electric vehicle charging device for use in charging a corresponding electric vehicle electrically connected to the electric vehicle charging device, the electric vehicle charging device comprising:control circuitry structured to selectively allow the electric vehicle charging device to charge the electric vehicle;
a circuit protection unit structured to provide circuit protection between the electric vehicle and a power source, the circuit protection unit including first separable contacts electrically connected between the electric vehicle and the power source and an operating mechanism structured to trip open the separable contacts in response to a fault being detected in power flowing to the electric vehicle, wherein the fault is at least one of an overcurrent fault and an arc fault; and
a processing unit having a memory with a routine stored therein which, when executed by the processing unit causes the processing unit to:
estimate a charging length of time needed for the electric vehicle to reach a fully charged state;
determine a maximum delay length of time as a difference between a predetermined length of time and the charging length of time, wherein the predetermined length of time is defined by a predetermined start time and a predetermined end time;
randomly select a random delay length of time that is less than or equal to the maximum delay length of time; and
control the control circuitry to prevent the electric vehicle charging device from charging the electric vehicle for a random delay period and to allow the electric vehicle charging device to charge the electric vehicle starting when the random delay period ends, wherein the random delay period starts at the predetermined start time and lasts the random delay length of time.

US Pat. No. 10,427,546

VEHICLE AND A CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A vehicle comprising:a driving motor including a stator and a rotor;
an inverter configured to drive the driving motor;
a battery which is rechargeable;
a sensor configured to detect a position of the rotor; and
a controller configured to change the position of the rotor based on whether the position of the rotor detected by the sensor is identical to a predetermined position, and to control the inverter such that the battery is charged after the position of the rotor changes.

US Pat. No. 10,427,544

VEHICLE DRIVING FORCE CONTROL APPARATUS

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A vehicle driving force control apparatus mounted in a vehicle provided with a plurality of drive sources, and a plurality of power transmission mechanisms configured to transmit power from the plurality of drive sources to a plurality of wheels or a plurality of sets of wheels, the vehicle driving force control apparatus comprising:a ratio determination unit configured to determine a target ratio at which a required driving force applied to the vehicle is to be distributed to the plurality of wheels or the plurality of sets of wheels; and
a command unit configured to command the plurality of drive sources to output power such that driving force distributed in accordance with the target ratio is generated in the plurality of wheels or the plurality of sets of wheels,
wherein the ratio determination unit comprises a reference determining module configured to determine a reference ratio that serves as a reference for a distribution ratio of the required driving force, an allowable range setting module configured to set an allowable range in which a predetermined allowable width is added to the reference ratio, and a ratio selecting module capable of selecting, from the allowable range, a distribution ratio having a running energy loss that is at least less than the running energy loss of the reference ratio, and
the distribution ratio selected by the ratio selecting module is made the target ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,427,543

MOTOR CONTROL APPARATUS AND MOTOR CONTROL METHOD

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A motor control apparatus comprising:a motor;
a transmission disposed adjacent to the motor or in a vicinity of the motor;
an oil temperature sensor configured to detect a temperature of lubricating oil of the transmission;
a cooling mechanism configured to cool the motor with a refrigerant;
a refrigerant sensor configured to detect a temperature of the refrigerant; and
a controller configured to control a torque of the motor,
wherein the controller:
limits the torque of the motor based on the temperature of the lubricating oil detected by the oil temperature sensor when an elapsed time since the cooling mechanism drives is shorter than a predetermined time, and
limits the torque of the motor based on the temperature of the refrigerant detected by the refrigerant sensor when the elapsed time is longer than the predetermined time.

US Pat. No. 10,427,542

MOBILE BODY

Murata Machinery, Ltd., ...

1. A moving body configured to move along a magnetic pole path having a magnetic pole section in which a plurality of pairs of magnetic poles including a north pole and a south pole are arranged and a magnetic pole absent section lacking a magnetic pole, the moving body comprising:a plurality of linear motors including a first linear motor driven by magnetic interaction with magnetic flux of the magnetic pole path:
a position detection sensor configured to detect a position of the moving body;
a first electrical angle detection sensor disposed at a position different from the position detection sensor in a path direction of the magnetic pole path and configured to detect an electrical angle of the first linear motor; and
a control unit configured to, when one of the position detection sensor and the first electrical angle detection sensor is positioned at the magnetic pole absent section, use an other of the position detection sensor and the first electrical angle detection sensor both to detect a position of the moving body and detect an electrical angle of the first linear motor.

US Pat. No. 10,427,541

SADDLE-RIDE TYPE VEHICLE

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A saddle-ride type vehicle comprising:a vehicle body frame;
a rear wheel unit swingably supported on the vehicle body frame via a pivot, the rear wheel unit comprising a rear wheel;
a fuel cell unit supported on the vehicle body frame;
a fuel tank extending rearwardly from the fuel cell unit over the rear wheel unit;
a secondary cell that is charged with electric power from the fuel cell unit;
an electric motor disposed in the rear wheel unit for driving the rear wheel; and
a controller for controlling electric power supplied to the electric motor;
wherein the secondary cell and the controller are disposed below the fuel cell unit at a position forward of the rear wheel unit.

US Pat. No. 10,427,540

SELF PROPELLED BATTERY COOLING SYSTEM TO EXTEND THE RIDE-RANGE OF AN ELECTRIC BIKE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A product comprising:a battery cell;
a housing containing the battery cell and including a side wall that is closed and faces in a forward direction relative to operation of the product; and
a cooling assembly comprising an impeller disposed in the housing and configured to circulate air in the housing and a turbine disposed outside the housing and configured to be driven by air movement,
wherein the impeller includes a number of blades configured to draw inflow and direct return flow over the battery pack,
wherein the turbine is connected with the impeller through the side wall so that the turbine and impeller rotate together in response to the air movement.

US Pat. No. 10,427,539

CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY

1. A connector system comprising:a first connector assembly having a first mating end and a first non-mating end comprising:
a first housing;
a first central member disposed within the first housing; and
a first sleeve disposed between the first central member and the first housing;
wherein the first sleeve is slidably coupled to the first housing, the first sleeve slidable along an axial direction relative to the first central member; and
a second connector assembly having a second mating end and a second non-mating end, the second mating end configured to engage the first mating end without a compressible portion being in contact with a surface of either the first mating end or the second mating end, the connector assembly comprising:
a second housing;
a second central member disposed within the second housing; and
a second sleeve disposed between the second central member and the second housing; wherein the second sleeve is slidably coupled to the second housing, the second sleeve slidable along the axial direction;
wherein the connector system, when in a connected state, comprises the first connector assembly coupled to the second connector assembly, which forms a flow channel defined by at least (1) a first sloped surface on the first sleeve, (2) a first sloped surface on the first central member, (3) a second sloped surface on the second sleeve, and (4) a second sloped surface on the second central member; and
wherein the connector system, when in a disconnected state, comprises the first connector assembly separated from the second connector assembly, the first and second sleeves close the first and second flow channels, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,427,538

VEHICLE THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH VORTEX TUBE

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A thermal management system for a vehicle comprising:a vortex tube configured to generate hot and cold airstreams;
a valve including hot and cold air inlets connected to the vortex tube to receive the hot and cold airstreams, respectively, and including a vent and a valve outlet; and
a high-voltage electrical component connected to the valve outlet by conduit to receive one of the hot and cold airstreams to thermally regulate the component.

US Pat. No. 10,427,537

VEHICLE POWER SUPPLY CONTROL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a power converter electrically coupled to an auxiliary battery;
a current sensor configured to measure a current flowing through the auxiliary battery; and
a controller programmed to command an output voltage of the power converter to a voltage that is a maximum of (i) target voltages associated with electrical loads that are electrically coupled to the auxiliary battery and activated, (ii) a battery charging voltage when a demand for auxiliary battery charging is present, and (iii) a float voltage associated with the auxiliary battery and, responsive to the output voltage being commanded to the float voltage, control the current by adjusting the float voltage such that a predetermined current flows to the auxiliary battery.

US Pat. No. 10,427,536

METHOD FOR ESTIMATION OF THE REHABILITATION TIME OF THE PERFORMANCE OF A TRACTION BATTERY OF A HYBRID VEHICLE

RENAULT s.a.s, Boulogne-...

1. A method for estimating a duration of a battery performance rehabilitation phase for a traction battery of a hybrid vehicle including a combustion engine and at least one electric motor, comprising:activating the battery performance rehabilitation phase when a power available in the battery is below a required minimum power level to launch the vehicle from a stop using only the electric motor until a target speed at which the combustion engine can cut in, said phase making it possible to bring said battery to state-of-charge and temperature conditions enabling the battery to supply said required minimum power level;
supplying a model of operation of the battery including, in a plane (BSOC, T) where BSOC denotes a state of charge of the battery and where T denotes a temperature of the battery, an isopower curve representing, in said plane, operating points of the battery enabling the battery to substantially deliver said required minimum power level to launch the vehicle from a stop using only the electric motor until the target speed at which the combustion engine can cut in, said curve separating the operating points making it possible to deliver a power level above the required minimum power level from the operating points enabling the battery to deliver only a power level below the required minimum power level; and
estimating the duration of said battery performance rehabilitation phase, which represents the duration for the battery to be charged from the power available to the required minimum power level to launch the vehicle from a stop using only the electric motor until the target speed at which the combustion engine can cut in, from said model of operation supplied.

US Pat. No. 10,427,534

INFRARED AUTOMOBILE CHARGING SYSTEM

SHENZHEN DANSHA TECHNOLOG...

8. An infrared automobile charging system comprising:a photovoltaic battery panel installed at a bottom of a vehicle;
a camera module;
a first actuating device connected with the camera module;
an infrared light source;
a second actuating device connected with the infrared light source;
a LED light disposed under the vehicle, on/off status and color of the LED light indicating remaining power and charging status of the photovoltaic battery panel; and
a controller being connected with the camera module, the first actuating device, the infrared light source and the second actuating device;
the controller being configured to control the first actuating device to rotate, and through the first actuating device control the camera module to capture a preset pattern disposed at the bottom of the vehicle;
after the camera module has captured the preset pattern disposed at the bottom of the vehicle, the controller being configured to control the second actuating device to rotate accordingly so that the infrared light source projects infrared light to the photovoltaic battery panel and thereby charge the photovoltaic battery panel;
wherein:
the camera module, the first actuating device, the infrared light source, the second actuating device and the controller are disposed on or below a ground;
the controller is configured to choose a first optimal charging scheme that is suitable to the photovoltaic battery panel based on the preset pattern captured by the camera module by analyzing the preset pattern, deriving model information of the photovoltaic battery panel from the preset pattern, searching in a first database and according to the search result obtaining and executing the first optimal charging scheme;
the controller is configured to determine remaining power and charging status of the photovoltaic battery panel according to real time image of the LED light captured by the camera module, and obtain and execute a second optimal charging scheme through searching in a second database; and
the preset pattern is dynamically displayed and configured to change under different conditions.

US Pat. No. 10,427,533

METHOD OF PROVIDING HYDROGEN FUEL CELL VEHICLE CHARGING SERVICE

Hylium Energy, Inc., Seo...

1. A method of providing a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle charging service, performed by a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle charging service providing server connected to a user terminal and a plurality of charging-vehicle terminals, the method comprising:(a) analyzing a fuel usage pattern of a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle related to the user terminal, predicting a fuel charging time of the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle on the basis of the fuel usage pattern,
determining a fuel usage pattern on the basis of data regarding a daily moving distance and a daily fuel usage of the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle; and
determining a date when the amount of fuel of the hydrogen fuel cell vehicle is expected to decrease to a predetermined reference amount or less on the basis of the fuel usage pattern,
wherein the fuel usage pattern is periodically updated;
(b) when the fuel charging time is reached, determining a charging location and a charging-performing vehicle terminal on the basis of location information of the user terminal, and providing the user terminal with a charging alarm including information regarding the charging location and the charging-performing vehicle terminal; and
(c) providing the charging-performing vehicle terminal with the information regarding the user terminal and the charging location when a charging request is received from the user terminal in response to the charging alarm.

US Pat. No. 10,427,532

ON-BOARD AND WIRELESS VEHICLE CHARGING SYSTEMS WITH SHARED COMPONENTS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a low voltage battery;
a traction battery; and
an on-board charging system (OBCS) and a wireless power transfer system (WPTS) each configured to selectively use a same synchronous rectifier such that the synchronous rectifier rectifies output of the OBCS and rectifies output of the WPTS to provide power to the traction battery, wherein the synchronous rectifier is configured to transfer power from the low voltage battery to the traction battery.

US Pat. No. 10,427,531

SCALABLE INDUCTIVE CHARGING STATION

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A floor unit for generating an electromagnetic charging field for transmission of electrical energy to a vehicle, the floor unit comprising:a first interface configured to receive electrical energy in the floor unit in the form of a direct current;
an alternating current generator configured to convert the direct current into an alternating current;
a primary coil configured to generate the electromagnetic charging field from the alternating current;
a sensor configured to detect measuring data with respect to a state of the floor unit; and
a communication unit configured to transmit data, based on the measuring data, to a charging unit, wherein the charging unit is configured to deliver the electrical energy to the floor unit in the form of the direct current.

US Pat. No. 10,427,529

ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND METHOD OF DRIVING AND CHARGING THE SAME

ZHONGSHAN BORAD-OCEAN MOT...

1. An electric vehicle comprising a battery, an inverter, and a motor; the motor comprising a stator assembly and a rotor assembly; the stator assembly comprising at least three phases of coil windings; the battery being connected to the inverter; the electric vehicle being driven and charged using a method, the method comprising:a) when the electric vehicle is in a driven state, outputting a direct current by the battery to the inverter, converting the direct current by the inverter into a three-phase alternating current through a forward operation control, and outputting the three-phase alternating current to the motor to drive the motor to operate; and
b) when the electric vehicle is in a charging state, introducing an external three-phase alternating current to the inverter via three charging inductors, and converting the external three-phase alternating current into the direct current by the inverter through a reverse operation control, and charging the battery with the direct current;wherein:when the electric vehicle is in the driven state, the battery is connected to the coil windings of the motor via the inverter, the direct current output from the battery is converted into the alternating current by the forward operation control of the inverter, and the alternating current is output to the motor and drives the motor to operate;
when the electric vehicle is in the charging state, the external three-phase alternating current is connected to the inverter via an input connector, the inverter is utilized as a charging device; the external three-phase alternating current is converted into the direct current by the reverse operation control of the inverter to charge the battery;
the external three-phase alternating current is connected to the coil windings of the motor; the coil windings of the motor are connected to the inverter and utilized as the charging inductors;
the input connector for inputting the external three-phase alternating current is further connected to a three-phase switch control box, and the motor is connected between the inverter and the three-phase switch control box;
when the electric vehicle is in the driven state, one end of each of the coil windings of the motor is connected to the inverter, and the other ends of the coil windings are in short circuit connection by controlling the three-phase switch control box;
when the electric vehicle is in the charging state, one end of each of the coil windings of the motor is connected to the inverter, and the other end of each of the coil windings is connected to the input connector by controlling the three-phase switch control box; and the external three-phase alternating current passes through the coil windings of the motor and enters the inverter;
the three-phase switch control box comprises switches (JK);
when the electric vehicle is in the driven state, one end of each of the coil windings of the motor is connected to the inverter, and the switches (JK) are connected to enable the other ends of the coil windings to be in the short circuit connection; and
when the electric vehicle is in the charging state, the other end of each of the coil windings is connected to the input connector so that the external three-phase alternating current passes through the coil windings of the motor and enters the inverter; the switches (JK) are disconnected by controlling the three-phase switch control box so that the other ends of the coil windings are unable to be in the short circuit connection.

US Pat. No. 10,427,528

VEHICLE

Mahle International GmbH,...

1. A vehicle comprising:an internal combustion engine configured to drive a plurality of wheels of the vehicle via a drive train during operation;
a waste heat utilization device configured to drive an electric generator by converting a waste heat generated by the internal combustion engine during operation;
wherein the generator is electrically connected to an on-board electrical system comprising an electric energy store and at least one electric consumer;
an electric motor, the electric motor coupled to the drive train to provide an additional drive;
wherein the generator is configured to convert kinetic energy generated by the waste heat utilization device into electrical energy and to provide the electrical energy to at least one of the on-board electrical system and to the electric motor during operation;
wherein the electric motor is configured to convert electrical energy provided at least by one of the electric energy store of the on-board electrical system and the generator into kinetic energy and couples the same into the drive train;
wherein, in an operating state where an amount of energy stored in the electric energy store maximally corresponds to a predetermined threshold value, the waste heat utilization device and the generator are in an inactive state where no waste heat is supplied to the waste heat utilization device from the internal combustion engine and the generator generates neither electrical energy nor kinetic energy, and the electric motor is in a generator operation where the electric motor generates electrical energy and provides the electrical energy to the on-board electrical system.

US Pat. No. 10,427,527

ELECTRIC DIRECT DRIVE FOR AIRCRAFT PROPULSION AND LIFT

Rolls-Royce Corporation, ...

1. An apparatus of an aircraft propulsion system, comprising:a prime mover of an aircraft coupled to a generator;
an electric motor electrically coupled to the generator; and
a bi-directional power converter coupled to the generator and an energy storage device,
wherein the energy storage device is selectively coupled to the electric motor such that when emergency power is demanded the bi-directional power converter inverts DC power from the energy storage device to AC power for the electric motor.

US Pat. No. 10,427,526

ELECTRIC VEHICLE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. An electric vehicle, comprising:a power source;
an energizing arm including a fixed end connected rotatably with respect to a vehicle body, a free end configured to be capable of being displaced in a vehicle widthwise direction accompanying rotation at the fixed end, and a conductive member arranged between the fixed end and the free end, and within the conductive member, the fixed end side being connected electrically with the power source;
an angle detector configured to detect an angle of rotation of the energizing arm;
a contact detector configured to detect contact of the free end with respect to external power lines; and
a posture control device configured to control the vehicle body;
wherein during traveling of the electric vehicle, when the contact detector detects contact of the free end, the posture control device is configured to control the vehicle body so that the angle of rotation of the energizing arm approaches a target angle of rotation or a range of target angles of rotation,
wherein when the energizing arm is not in contact with the external power lines, an angle of rotation of the energizing arm reaches an initial deployment target angle, which is set to a maximum value of an arm angle, and
wherein the energizing arm approaches the external power lines in a state of projecting out farthest from the vehicle body of the vehicle in a predetermined angular velocity.

US Pat. No. 10,427,525

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A MOTOR VEHICLE COMFORT SYSTEM

Volkswagen AG, (DE)

1. A method for controlling a motor-vehicle comfort system, wherein control takes place with the aid of a touch-sensitive display-and-operating area assigned to the comfort system, the method comprising:generating, in at least one operating mode, a virtual representation of at least one body giving a three-dimensional impression in a first position on the touch-sensitive display-and-operating area; and
displaying at least one function capable of being implemented by the comfort system on a surface of the body;
representing a plurality of bodies giving the three-dimensional impression, spaced from one another, on the display-and-operating area; and
assigning functions from a functional area of the comfort system to one or more bodies,
wherein the body is rotatable using a horizontal swipe gesture about a vertical axis and a vertical swipe gesture about a horizontal axis to select a surface of the body to perform assignment of a function implemented by the comfort system,
wherein, as a result of rotation about the horizontal axis, the body is moved into a different position in which at least one other function capable of being implemented by the comfort system is displayed on the visible surface of the body,
wherein, as a result of rotation about the vertical axis, the body is moved into a different position in which at least one value of a function capable of being implemented by the comfort system is displayed on the visible surface of the body,
wherein assigning functions comprises assigning functions to a body of the plurality of bodies based on a position of at least one other body of the plurality of bodies, and
implementing, by the comfort system, the at least one function and the at least one value of the function currently displayed on the display-and-operating area.

US Pat. No. 10,427,523

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DISPLAYING DRIVING MODES OF A VEHICLE

VOLKSWAGEN AKTIENGESELLSC...

1. A method for displaying driving modes of a vehicle, wherein the vehicle can be operated in at least two different driving modes, in whichit is determined, via an ascertaining unit, whether the vehicle is being operated in a first or a second driving mode, wherein in the first driving mode a second actuator conducts a first action and in the second driving mode a first actuator conducts the first action; a first graphical element, which represents the first actuator and a second graphical element, which represents the second actuator are generated on a display surface, and depending on whether the vehicle is in the first or the second driving mode, a first graphical action element, which represents the first action, is generated with at least one of the first and second graphical element, wherein the first graphical action element is assigned visually to one of the two graphical elements to illustrate, which of the actuators is responsible for conducting the first action.

US Pat. No. 10,427,522

VEHICLE CONTROL WEARABLE APPARATUS, VEHICLE DRIVEABILITY CONTROL APPARATUS, AND SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A VEHICLE OPERATION

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A vehicle control wearable apparatus, comprising:a detector configured to detect an intoxicating substance intake level of a potential driver of a vehicle;
a vehicle operation state controller coupled to the detector and configured to receive the intoxicating substance intake level from the detector;
an anticircumvention device coupled to the vehicle operation state controller; and
a first data transceiver coupled to the vehicle operation state controller;
wherein the vehicle operation state controller is configured to conduct a comparison between the intoxicating substance intake level and a first threshold level, and control the first data transceiver to send a blocking signal based on a first result of the comparison at a first time point; the blocking signal controlling the vehicle in a blocked state thereby prevents the potential driver from driving the vehicle;
the vehicle operation state controller is configured to control the anticircumvention device to render the vehicle control wearable apparatus unremovable from the potential driver based on the first result of the comparison; and
the first result of the comparison indicates that the intoxicating substance intake level is greater than the first threshold level.

US Pat. No. 10,427,521

ACCELERATION DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An acceleration device comprising:a support portion that has a communication passage, which communicates between an inside of the support portion and an outside of the support portion, wherein the support portion is installable to a vehicle body;
a shaft that is rotatably supported by the support portion;
a boss portion that is located on a radially outer side of the shaft and is rotatable integrally with the shaft in the communication passage;
a depressible portion that is connected to the boss portion and is depressible by a driver;
a rotational angle sensing device that is operable to sense a rotational angle of the shaft relative to the support portion;
an urging portion that urges rotation of the shaft in an accelerator closing direction; and
a first plurality of projections and a second plurality of projections that are formed at only one of:
a boss portion outer wall, which is located at a radially outer side of the boss portion; or
a communication passage inner wall, which is an inner wall of the support portion that forms the communication passage and is opposed to the boss portion outer wall, wherein:
the first plurality of projections and the second plurality of projections project from the boss portion outer wall in a radially outward direction or project from the communication passage inner wall in a radially inward direction; and
in a vertical cross-section, which is perpendicular to a rotational axis of the shaft, the first plurality of projections is placed on one radial side of the rotational axis, and the second plurality of projections is placed on an opposite radial side of the rotational axis, which is opposite from the one radial side of the rotational axis.

US Pat. No. 10,427,520

HYBRID VEHICLE DRIVE SYSTEM AND METHOD USING SPLIT SHAFT POWER TAKE OFF

Power Technology Holdings...

1. A vehicle drive system for a vehicle including a first prime mover, a first prime mover driven transmission, and a rechargeable energy source, the vehicle drive system comprising:a power take-off (PTO) connected to the first prime mover configured to rotate a PTO interface at a first speed;
a gear box connected to the PTO at the PTO interface and configured to rotate at a second speed at an upper output interface when the PTO interface rotates at the first speed, wherein the second speed is higher than the first speed; and
an electric motor in direct or indirect mechanical communication with the first prime mover driven transmission through the PTO and the gear box, wherein the electric motor can receive power from the first prime mover driven transmission via the upper output interface of the gear box.

US Pat. No. 10,427,519

INSULATED TANK

1. An apparatus, comprising:a tank having an outer surface and tank corners; and
panels of insulative material, the panels positioned over substantially the entire outer surface of the tank and extending adjacent to one another to form seams extending parallel to and along the tank corners, wherein the panels have edges corresponding to a thickness of the panels and faces that confront, face and extend opposite to corresponding portions of the outer surface of the tank, the panels comprising:
a first multidimensional panel, wherein the faces of the first multidimensional panel are joined at first panel corners; and
a second multidimensional panel, wherein the faces of the second multidimensional panel are joined at second panel corners, wherein the first panel corners and the second panel corners extend parallel to and along the tank corners, wherein the faces of the first multidimensional panel and the faces of the second multidimensional panel directly contact one another and overlap one another in multiple non-parallel planes.

US Pat. No. 10,427,518

WORK VEHICLE

YANMAR CO., LTD., Osaka ...

1. A work vehicle comprising:an engine serving as a driving source;
a traveling section configured to drive on a basis of power of the engine; and
a transmission section configured to transmit the power of the engine to the traveling section,
wherein a traveling body is configured by coupling left and right front frames and left and right rear frames in a back-and-forth direction, and an operator's seat is supported on the traveling body with a support mount interposed therebetween,
wherein a pair of left and right fuel tanks are distributed into left and right sides of the traveling body, a tank support plate to support the fuel tanks from below is made up of a pair of front and rear transverse frames extended leftward and rightward below the left and right rear frames and a pair of left and right tank mounting plates on which the front and rear transverse frames are held in the back-and-forth direction on both left and right sides, and the left and right fuel tanks are respectively mounted and secured onto the left and right tank mounting plates, and
wherein the support mount and the front transverse frame are coupled to each other by a coupling bracket.

US Pat. No. 10,427,516

DRIVE DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A DRIVE DEVICE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A drive device for a motor vehicle, comprising:a first drive assembly, which is an internal combustion engine, a second drive assembly, which is an electric motor, a first epicyclic gear train having a first transmission element, a second transmission element, and a third transmission element, and a driven shaft of the drive device, wherein the first drive assembly is coupled to the first transmission element, the second drive assembly is coupled to the second transmission element, and the driven shaft is coupled to the third transmission element via a change gear transmission having a single input from the first epicyclic gear train and a single output at the driven shaft, wherein the first transmission element is configured to be braked by a braking device, wherein the first epicyclic gear train has a locking clutch for coupling of the second transmission element and the third transmission element to each other, and wherein the braking device has a freewheel that permits a rotational movement of the first transmission element in a first direction of rotation and prevents it in a second direction of rotation that is opposite to the first direction of rotation.

US Pat. No. 10,427,515

TRANSMISSION FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND DRIVE TRAIN FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

ZF FRIEDRICHSHAFEN AG, F...

1. A transmission (G) for a motor vehicle, comprising:an input shaft (GW1);
an output shaft (GW2);
first, second, and third planetary gear sets (P1, P2, P3); and
first, second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth shift elements (03, 06, 07, 14, 15, 57),
wherein the planetary gear sets (P1, P2, P3) each comprise a first element (E11, E12, E13), a second element (E21, E22, E23), and a third element (E31, E32, E33), the first element (E11, E12, E13) of the respective planetary gear set (P1, P2, P3) is a sun gear, the second element (E21, E22, E23) of the respective planetary gear set (P1, P2, P3) is a carrier in the case of a minus gear set or a ring gear in the case of a plus gear set, the third element (E31, E32, E33) of the respective planetary gear set (P1, P2, P3) is the ring gear in the case of the minus gear set or the carrier in the case of the plus gear set,
wherein the output shaft (GW2) is permanently connected to the third element (E31) of the first planetary gear set (P1) and to the second element (E23) of the third planetary gear set (P3),
wherein the second element (E21) of the first planetary gear set (P1) is permanently connected to the third element (E32) of the second planetary gear set (P2),
wherein a first coupling (V1) is between the first element (E13) of the third planetary gear set (P3) and a rotationally fixed element (GG) of the transmission (G), a second coupling (V2) is between the second element (E22) of the second planetary gear set (P2) and the third element (E33) of the third planetary gear set (P3), one of the first coupling or the second coupling (V1, V2) is a rotationally fixed connection and the other of the first coupling or the second coupling (V1, V2) is a connection which is shiftable by the first shift element (03),
wherein the second element (E21) of the first planetary gear set (P1) is rotationally fixable by engaging the second shift element (06),
wherein the first element (E11) of the first planetary gear set (P1) is rotationally fixable by engaging the third shift element (07),
wherein the input shaft (GW1) is connectable to the second element (E22) of the second planetary gear set (P2) by engaging the fourth shift element (14),
wherein the input shaft (GW1) is connectable to the first element (E12) of the second planetary gear set (P2) by engaging the fifth shift element (15), and
wherein the first element (E12) of the second planetary gear set (P2) is connectable to the first element (E11) of the first planetary gear set (P1) by engaging the sixth shift element (57).

US Pat. No. 10,427,514

ENGINE MOUNT

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An engine mount apparatus comprising:a mount housing which has an internal space therein;
a partition device which partitions the internal space into an upper space and a lower space;
a nozzle device having a nozzle plate wherein the nozzle device is provided in the upper space and allows a fluid to selectively pass through the nozzle plate;
an upper diaphragm which is mounted to an upper surface of the nozzle plate and defines an upper liquid chamber with the nozzle device;
a core which is configured to penetrate the partition device, and has an upper portion disposed in the upper space, and a lower portion disposed in the lower space;
a lower diaphragm which extends from and is coupled to the upper portion of the core a lower surface of the nozzle plate, and defines a lower liquid chamber with the nozzle device;
a rubber member which is provided in the upper space, and is configured to connect the upper portion of the core and the partition device; and
a support bracket of which a first side is disposed in the lower space so as to penetrate a lateral side of the mount housing, and fastened to the lower portion of the core,
wherein a movement of the support bracket is restricted by a first stopper which is formed to protrude upwards from the support bracket and is configured to contact with the partition device when the support bracket moves upward by a predetermined distance and a second stopper which is configured to contact with a lower surface of the mount housing when the support bracket is configured to move downward by a predetermined distance.

US Pat. No. 10,427,513

SUNROOF DEVICE

Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kai...

1. A sunroof device comprising:a sunroof unit configured to support a panel that is capable of closing an opening of a roof of a vehicle, wherein the sunroof unit includes a frame provided with two guide rails placed on two edges of the opening in a vehicle widthwise direction and two housings placed on two edges of the opening in a vehicle front-to-rear direction to connect front ends of the two guide rails to each other and rear ends of the two guide rails to each other in the vehicle widthwise direction;
a looped first seal arranged between an entire periphery of the opening and the frame; and
a second seal arranged between opposing surfaces of the guide rail and at least one of the housings at a portion where the guide rail is coupled to the respective housing, wherein the second seal is butt against the first seal.

US Pat. No. 10,427,512

GAP SEAL FOR A FLEXIBLE TONNEAU COVER ASSEMBLY

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A flexible tonneau cover assembly, comprising:a side rail positioned on a side wall of a cargo box of a motor vehicle;
a sliding element slidably received in the side rail;
a front rail removably attached to the sliding element; and
a gap seal for sealing a space between the sliding element and the front rail, the gap seal comprising:
an extension extending from a first side of the gap seal, the extension being disposed in the front rail;
a first lip extending from a second side of the gap seal, the first lip having a distal edge making sealing contact with the sliding element and a bottom edge making sealing contact with the side wall of the cargo box; and
a notch in the bottom edge of the first lip, wherein the notch allows the first lip to freely move along the side wall of the cargo box as the sliding element moves longitudinally forward and rearward.

US Pat. No. 10,427,511

RUN SEAL FOR VEHICLE WINDOW AND SEALING MODULE INCORPORATING MEANS FOR GUIDING THE WINDOW IN THE SEAL AND AN ELEMENT OF THE DOOR FRAME

HUTCHINSON, Paris (FR)

1. An elastomer run seal suitable for receiving a sliding window of a motor vehicle side door, the sliding window being mounted laterally flush with an outer surface of a vertical edge element of a frame of the motor vehicle side door adjacent to the sliding window, said vertical edge element being chosen from among an upright of said frame and a vertical outer trim equipping said frame, the elastomer run seal comprising at least an ascending strand and a top strand, said at least one ascending strand having, in a single piece: (i) an axially outer branch able to be mounted sealably in contact with said vertical edge element and the sliding window, (ii) an axially inner branch able to be mounted on said frame, and (iii) a connecting branch connecting said axially outer branch to said axially inner branch, the elastomer run seal comprising a groove able to receive, by vertical sliding, a member which is configured to guide the sliding window and which is secured to an inner face of the sliding window,wherein said groove is formed on said axially outer branch and is positioned so as to be next to said vertical edge element.

US Pat. No. 10,427,510

GLASS RUN SEALING MEMBERS INCLUDING HINGED SEALING PROJECTION STRUCTURES FOR VEHICLES

1. A vehicle comprising:a vehicle door comprising a door body portion, a door frame portion and a door window that is retractable from the door frame portion and extendable into the door frame portion, the door frame portion comprising an upper portion comprising a glass run channel that receives an upper edge of the door window with the door window in a closed configuration; and
a glass run sealing member located in the glass run channel, the glass run sealing member including an exterior side including an interior face that faces toward the glass run channel, the glass run sealing member comprising a hinged sealing projection structure including an inboard sealing member extending from the interior face into the glass run channel and an inboard sealing sub-member connected to the inboard sealing member;
a reinforcement member that is located within the inboard sealing member and the inboard sealing sub-member;
wherein the inboard sealing sub-member rotates into contact with an exterior side of the door window as the inboard sealing member moves with an upper edge of the door window as the door window enters the glass run channel, the reinforcement member rotates with the inboard sealing member and the inboard sealing sub-member.

US Pat. No. 10,427,508

PICKUP CAB MOUNT PACK

1. A vehicle comprising:a cab for carrying passengers;
a bed extending from a rear portion of the cab and having opposed first and second sidewalls; and
a cover comprising:
a rigid member connected to the first and second sidewalls of the bed;
a flexible portion fabricated from a flexible sheet and having a first end portion and a second end portion, the first end portion fixedly securable to the cab, the second end portion fixedly securable to the rigid member;
a structure attached to the opposed first and second sidewalls;
wherein the flexible portion is supported on the structure and any rigid support structure fixedly attached to the opposed first and second sidewalls is not fixedly attached to the cab so that forces from the cab are not transferred between the cab and the truck bed.

US Pat. No. 10,427,507

DUAL TILT SUNROOF STRUCTURE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A dual tilt sunroof structure for tilting a dual sunroof, comprising:a front glass panel and a rear glass panel disposed on a roof panel;
front sleds and rear sleds moving on guide rails disposed at both sides of the roof panel; and
front carriages and rear carriages fixed to both ends of the front and rear glass panels, respectively, to integrally move with the glass panels,
wherein when the dual sunroof is tilted, the front sleds and the rear sleds are moved backward to respectively come in contact with supports formed at first ends of the front carriages and supports formed at first ends of the rear carriages.

US Pat. No. 10,427,506

SUNROOF DEVICE

Aisin Seiki Kabushiki Kai...

1. A sunroof device comprising:two guide rails, which are arranged in opposite edges of an opening formed in a roof of a vehicle in a width direction of the vehicle such that at least parts of the guide rails are non-parallel with each other;
two sliding members, which are slidable along the guide rails;
two support members, which are respectively attached to a front portion and a rear portion of a movable panel that selectively opens and closes the opening;
movable members, each of which is fixed to one of the sliding members, wherein each of the movable members has a front end and a rear end that are supported by the corresponding one of the support members to be movable in the vehicle width direction;
a front-side rotating body and a rear-side rotating body, which are respectively rotationally supported by the front portion and the rear portion of the movable panel;
two front-side transmission members, each of which has an end fixed to a front end of one of the movable members and another end coupled to the front-side rotating body such that distances from a center of the movable panel in the vehicle width direction to the respective front ends of the two movable members are equal to each other; and
two rear-side transmission members, each of which has an end fixed to a rear end of one of the movable members and another end coupled to the rear-side rotating body such that distances from the center of the movable panel in the vehicle width direction to the respective rear ends of the two movable members are equal to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,427,505

ROOF MODULE FOR A VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A ROOF MODULE

ROOF SYSTEMS GERMANY GMBH...

1. A sun roof module adapted to be placed in a vehicle body structure of a motor vehicle, the sun roof module including an RTM frame and a Class-A covering layer, which at least partially covers the frame and is made of polyurethane, the Class-A covering layer being fiber-free, wherein the RTM frame includes a fiber mat, and wherein the fiber mat is free from seams at least in the region of the Class A covering layer.

US Pat. No. 10,427,503

VEHICLE WINDOW ASSEMBLY WITH DISPLAY

MAGNA MIRRORS OF AMERICA,...

1. A window assembly for a vehicle, said window assembly comprising:a glass window panel;
a display device disposed at an interior surface of said glass window panel;
wherein said display device is operable to backlight or illuminate at least one icon or alphanumeric character, and wherein, with said window assembly mounted at a vehicle, and when the at least one icon or alphanumeric character is backlit or illuminated, the at least one icon or alphanumeric character is viewable through said glass window panel by a person exterior the vehicle; and
wherein, with said window assembly mounted at the vehicle, said display device is activated to display an icon responsive to determination that an in-cabin temperature of the vehicle is above a threshold level.

US Pat. No. 10,427,502

VEHICLE AIR FRESHENER MODULE

1. An air freshener module comprising:a hollow body housed rearward of a vehicle dashboard, the body having at least opposing sidewalls, an interior space, an air inlet at a rear of said body and an air outlet at the front of said body, wherein the air inlet is connected to and in fluid communication with a vehicle air duct, and said interior space defines an air passageway extending between said air inlet and said air outlet;
at least one valve carried by the body and configured to control the passage of air through the air passageway between said air inlet and said air outlet, wherein said at least one valve comprises a throttle plate disposed in said air passageway proximate to said air inlet and selectively pivotal with respect to said body between an open position and a closed position; and
a receptacle carried by the body and selectively removable from said body, the receptacle having a front panel, a rear panel, and a mid panel interposed between said front panel and said rear panel, said mid panel substantially parallel to said front panel and defining in combination with said front panel and said rear panel a front compartment and a rear compartment for holding an air freshener element, wherein said receptacle is pivotal with respect to said body about an axis substantially parallel to and substantially at a bottom edge of said front panel, wherein said receptacle is disposed at said air outlet and movable with respect to said body between an open position in which the receptacle and the front and rear compartments extend frontward of the vehicle dashboard providing access to said front compartment and said rear compartment of said receptacle from in front of said vehicle dashboard, and a closed position in which the receptacle and the front and rear compartments are housed within the interior space of the body and rearward of the vehicle dashboard and access to said front compartment and said rear compartment of said receptacle from in front of said vehicle dashboard is obstructed.

US Pat. No. 10,427,501

OUTLET DEVICE

Faurecia Innenraum System...

1. Outlet device for ventilation of a vehicle interior by generating an outlet flow, the outlet device comprising a housing with:an outer air guide surface which extends between an air inlet orifice and an air outlet orifice lying contrary to the air inlet orifice with respect to a housing axis of the housing, wherein the outer air guide surface extends continuously around the housing axis,
an inner air guide surface which extends continuously around the housing axis and is spaced away from and faces toward the outer air guide surface, wherein the inner air guide surface and the outer air guide surface form an outlet flow channel, wherein an end section of the outlet flow channel which forms the air outlet orifice comprises at least a first circumferential section and a second circumferential section which are disposed with regard to the housing axis in a circumferential distance to each other, wherein imaginary extensions of the first circumferential section and the second circumferential section from and outward of the air outlet orifice meet each other in an intersection point which lies outside the housing at the side of the air outlet orifice, so that, caused by an inlet air flow which passes the air inlet orifice, a first air flow component flowing through the first circumferential section and a second air flow component flowing through the second circumferential section deflect each other after exiting the housing,
an airflow adjustment member which has a cross-sectional diameter perpendicular to the housing axis at a position along the housing axis which is smaller than a cross-sectional diameter of the outlet flow channel at the same position along the housing axis, and which is movable in a direction across the housing axis for obstructing an air flow in one of the first or second circumferential section and for changing the ratio of the volumetric flows of the first and second air flow component and thereby the direction of the outlet flow, and
a guiding device for guiding the airflow adjustment member in a direction across the housing axis.

US Pat. No. 10,427,500

CENTRALIZED ENERGY MODULE FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A centralized energy (CE) module for a vehicle, comprising:a base plate;
a compressor mounted on the base plate and compressing a refrigerant;
a condenser mounted on the base plate at a location spaced apart from the compressor, the condenser heat-exchanging the compressed refrigerant supplied from the compressor with a coolant which flows into the condenser to condense the refrigerant;
an evaporator disposed on the base plate at a location spaced apart from the condenser, evaporating the refrigerant supplied from an expansion valve, which is integrally mounted, through heat-exchange with the coolant which flows into the evaporator, and supplying the evaporated refrigerant to the compressor; and
an accumulator connected with the evaporator through the expansion valve, and supplying only a low-temperature and low-pressure gas refrigerant among the evaporated refrigerant to the compressor while the gas refrigerant passing through the evaporator.

US Pat. No. 10,427,499

VEHICLE AIR CONDITIONER

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A vehicle air conditioner mounted to a vehicle having an idle stop controller, the idle stop controller performing an idle stop control that stops an engine when the engine comes into an idle state, the vehicle air conditioner comprising:a compressor that is operated by the engine, the compressor drawing a refrigerant and discharging the refrigerant;
a radiator that dissipates heat of the refrigerant discharged from the compressor;
a pressure reducer that decompresses and expands the refrigerant, which flows to the pressure reducer after dissipating the heat in the radiator;
a cooling heat exchanger that cools an air, which is blown into a vehicle compartment, by using the refrigerant, which flows to the cooling heat exchanger after being decompressed and expanded in the pressure reducer;
a temperature detector that detects a temperature of the cooling heat exchanger;
a controller configured to output a request to the idle stop controller when the engine is operated, the request prohibits the idle stop control until the temperature of the cooling heat exchanger falls to a temperature that enables the cooling heat exchanger to cool the air and a required cooling time elapses; and
an insolation amount detector detecting an insolation amount, wherein
the prohibition request output part extends the required cooling time as the insolation amount increases.

US Pat. No. 10,427,498

RADIANT HEATER

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A radiant heater comprising:a substrate part formed by electrical insulation material to provide a surface; and
a heating part which is supported by the substrate part to extend along the surface, and emits radiant heat by generating heat in response to a power supply, wherein
the heating part is set to reach a radiation temperature for emitting the radiant heat which makes a human feel warmth, and wherein
a pair of electrodes supported by the substrate part to be extended along the surface, wherein
the heating part includes a plurality of heating wires which are made by material with high specific resistance higher than the pair of electrodes, and are connected in series at least partially between the pair of electrodes, and wherein
the plurality of heating wires are electrically connected in parallel at least partially between the pair of electrodes, and wherein
the heating part has a thermal resistance which is set so that, when an object contacts the surface, a temperature of the heating part where the object contacts falls to a reduced temperature lower than the radiation temperature, and
further comprising a connecting part formed of the same material as the electrodes, the connecting part connects the plurality of heating wires in series, wherein the connecting part is arranged at a turn part where current changes flowing direction, and wherein the connecting part has an electric specific resistance of the material which is lower than the electric specific resistance of the material of the heating wires.

US Pat. No. 10,427,497

AIR CONDITIONER FOR VEHICLE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An air conditioner for a vehicle, capable of performing air-heating of a vehicle interior, the air conditioner comprising:a vapor compression refrigeration cycle including a compressor that compresses and discharges a refrigerant, and a condenser that exchanges heat between the high-pressure refrigerant discharged from the compressor and ventilation air to be blown into a space to be air-conditioned;
a heating heat exchanger that heats the ventilation air before passing through the condenser, by using a heat source other than the refrigeration cycle;
an operation mode switching unit configured to switch between a first air-heating mode of stopping an operation of the compressor and heating the ventilation air by the heating heat exchanger and a second air-heating mode of operating the compressor and heating the ventilation air by at least the condenser;
a heat-exchange adjuster configured to adjust an amount of heat exchange between the high-pressure refrigerant and the ventilation air in the condenser; and
a heat-exchange controller configured to control the heat-exchange adjuster, wherein
when the operation mode switching unit switches from the first air-heating mode to the second air-heating mode, the heat-exchange controller controls the heat-exchange adjuster to decrease the amount of heat exchange between the high-pressure refrigerant and the ventilation air in the condenser if a condition satisfies in which temperature of the refrigerant in the condenser is equal to or lower than a temperature of the ventilation air heated by the heating heat exchanger before passing through the condenser, as compared to a case where the temperature of the refrigerant in the condenser exceeds the temperature of the ventilation air heated by the heating heat exchanger before passing through the condenser.

US Pat. No. 10,427,496

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REMOTELY MANAGING CLIMATE CONTROL SYSTEMS OF A FLEET OF VEHICLES

BERGSTROM, INC., Rockfor...

1. A method for simultaneously managing climate control systems of a fleet of vehicles, comprising:at a fleet server, remote from the fleet of road vehicles, having one or more processors and memory storing one or more programs for execution by the one or more processors:
receiving, from each vehicle of a plurality of vehicles in the fleet of road vehicles, at least one parameter relaying information about a performance of a climate control system of the respective vehicle, each climate control system having a distinct electrically-driven heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system;
determining, based on the at least one parameter from each vehicle, an efficient operational setting for at least one vehicle of the fleet of vehicles; and
transmitting an operational setting instruction to the at least one vehicle to control the climate control system of the at least one vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,495

VEHICLE AIR CONDITIONING DEVICE

SANDEN HOLDINGS CORPORATI...

1. A vehicle air conditioning device comprising:a compressor which compresses a refrigerant;
an air flow passage through which air to be supplied to a vehicle interior flows;
a radiator which lets the refrigerant radiate heat to heat the air to be supplied from the air flow passage to the vehicle interior;
a heat absorber which lets the refrigerant absorb heat to cool the air to be supplied from the air flow passage to the vehicle interior;
an outdoor heat exchanger disposed outside the vehicle interior to let the refrigerant absorb heat; and
control means,
the vehicle air conditioning device executing at least a heating mode in which the control means lets the refrigerant discharged from the compressor radiate heat in the radiator, decompresses the refrigerant by which heat has been radiated, and then lets the refrigerant absorb heat in the outdoor heat exchanger,
wherein on the basis of a difference ?TXO=(TXObase?TXO) between a refrigerant evaporation temperature TXObase of the outdoor heat exchanger in non-frosting and a refrigerant evaporation temperature TXO of the outdoor heat exchanger, the control means corrects an operation mode in accordance with increase of the difference ?TXO.

US Pat. No. 10,427,493

MODULAR HVAC SYSTEM

Caterpillar Underground M...

1. A heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) module, for an HVAC system, mountable to a work machine, the HVAC module comprising:a housing defining a first air port and a second air port communicable with ducting on the work machine for conveying air into and out of an operator cab of the work machine;
an HVAC evaporator disposed within the housing, the first air port being fluidly coupled with the second air port via the HVAC evaporator; and
a pivotal mounting assembly for pivotably attaching the housing to the work machine,
wherein the housing is moveable between an operating position where the the first air port is in contact with a ducting interface on the work machine, and a maintenance position, where the housing is pivoted upwards to disconnect from the ducting interface of the work machine to allow access to underlying components of the work machine,
wherein the housing includes an upper lid disposed on a lower box, an external surface of the upper lid facing away from the lower box along an upward vertical direction,
wherein an aperture of the first air port faces a downward vertical direction, the downward vertical direction being opposite the upward vertical direction,
wherein the aperture of the first air port is arranged to mate with one opening of an inlet opening and an outlet opening, on the work machine, the one opening of the inlet opening and the outlet opening facing the upward vertical direction,
wherein the upper lid includes a hood portion, and
wherein the aperture of the first air port is at least partly defined by the hood portion of the upper lid.

US Pat. No. 10,427,492

VEHICLE HAVING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND A WASTE-HEAT COLLECTING HOUSING

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A vehicle, comprising:an internal combustion engine;
an exhaust manifold configured to conduct exhaust gas from the internal combustion engine into an engine-side portion of an exhaust system;
a waste-heat collecting housing;
a heat accumulator,
wherein
the waste-heat collecting housing is arranged to at least partially surround at least one of the exhaust manifold and the engine-side portion of the exhaust system, such that air in the waste-heat collecting housing is heatable by waste heat from the at least one of the exhaust manifold and the engine-side portion of the exhaust system,
the waste-heat collecting housing has an air inlet configured to receive the air to be heated by the waste heat into the waste-heat collecting housing and a first air outlet configured to conduct the air heated by the waste heat from the waste-heat collecting housing,
the first air outlet is connected via an air duct to the heat accumulator, and
the heat accumulator is configured to receive heat from the air heated by the waste heat.

US Pat. No. 10,427,491

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH HEAT EXCHANGER BLENDING VALVE

TESLA, INC., Palo Alto, ...

9. A thermal management system comprising:a coolant loop coupled to and in thermal communication with a battery pack and a heat exchanger;
a refrigeration system coupled to and in thermal communication with the heat exchanger and an evaporator;
a coolant with the coolant loop;
a by-pass valve coupled to the coolant loop to regulate a first amount of the coolant that flows through the heat exchanger and a second amount of the coolant that is diverted around the heat exchanger;
a temperature sensor; and
a controller operable to:
determine a first temperature corresponding to the coolant using the temperature sensor;
compare the first temperature to a first preset temperature range;
adjust the by-pass valve at a first time based on the first temperature and the first preset temperature range;
compare a second temperature corresponding to an evaporator air outlet temperature before the first time to a third temperature corresponding to the evaporator air outlet temperature after the first time; and
adjust the by-pass valve at a second time after the first time to decrease the first amount of the coolant that flows through the heat exchanger and increase the second amount of the coolant that is diverted around the heat exchanger if the second temperature and third temperature are not within a preset range.

US Pat. No. 10,427,489

HVAC APPARATUS FOR AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) apparatus for a vehicle,wherein an internal volume is divided into upper and lower regions, blowing the air to a defrost vent wherein a front seat face vent is made through the upper region, and blowing the air to a front seat foot vent,
wherein a rear seat vent is made through the lower region,
wherein cold air passing through an evaporator and warm air passing through a heat exchanger are mixed in each of the upper and lower regions, and
wherein a horizontal partition wall is configured to divide the internal volume into the upper and lower regions and is formed at a height at which the heat exchanger is bisected, to guide the air into the upper region and the lower region, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,427,488

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MITIGATING STATIC LOADS IN COMPONENTS CONNECTING MULTIPLE STRUCTURES

ClearMotion, Inc., Bille...

1. A top-mount assembly for attaching a suspension component to a vehicle body, the top-mount assembly comprising:a top-mount bracket;
a strike plate at least partially surrounded by the top mount bracket and configured to be attached to a piston rod of the suspension component; and
a resilient material interposed between the top-mount bracket and the strike plate;
wherein the resilient material has a stiffness that varies as a function of a position of the strike plate relative to the top-mount bracket,
wherein the stiffness has a first value in a first range of positions of the strike plate relative to the top-mount bracket, a second value substantially greater than the first value in a second range of positions of the strike plate relative to the top-mount bracket, and a third value substantially greater than the first value in a third range of positions of the strike plate relative to the top-mount bracket;
wherein application of a predetermined rod force to the strike plate causes the strike plate to be displaced from a first position to a second position relative to the top mount bracket, wherein the second position of the strike plate is more centrally located within the first range of positions than the first position of the strike plate.

US Pat. No. 10,427,486

SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING CLEARANCE OF APPROACHING OVERHEAD STRUCTURE

Ford Global Technologies,...

9. A vehicle system comprising:a controller configured to:
access a database configured to maintain a plurality of structures associated with a stored clearance height;
receive a height selection from a user indicating a vehicle height from a plurality of vehicle height options;
compare the vehicle height with a stored clearance height of an upcoming structure;
generate an alert in response to the vehicle height being greater than the stored clearance height of the upcoming structure;
detect, via a first sensor, an updated clearance height of the upcoming structure; and
update the database with the updated clearance height of the upcoming structure in response to the vehicle passing under the upcoming structure.

US Pat. No. 10,427,485

METHOD OF OPERATING A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND MOTOR VEHICLE

ZF Friedrichshafen AG, F...

1. A method of operating a motor vehicle (1) with a chassis system (6) having at least two vibration dampers (2, 3, 4, 5), the method comprising the following steps:carrying out a body control and a wheel control with the chassis system (6);
providing an energy control arrangement;
controlling the energy supply for the chassis system (6) with the energy control arrangement (7);
predetermining a maximum value for a peak load of the energy supply; predetermining a maximum value for a continuous load of the energy supply;
using a value between 400 W and 600 W as the maximum value for the peak load of the energy supply; and/or
using a value between 100 W and 300 W as the maximum value for the continuous load of the energy supply.

US Pat. No. 10,427,484

VEHICLE SUSPENSION SUPPORT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle suspension support, comprising:a strut tower defining a boss, the boss forming a cylindrical recess having a first opening and a second opening opposite the first opening, the cylindrical recess forming an upper surface of the strut tower and the first opening to receive an upper end of a damper; and
a top mount bushing frictionally engaged with the second opening to be fixed in the cylindrical recess, the top mount bushing having an aperture coaxially aligned with the first and second openings.

US Pat. No. 10,427,483

ADJUSTABLE RIDE HEIGHT, VEHICLE, SYSTEM AND KIT

ALA HOLDINGS, LLC, Clift...

1. A vehicle comprising:at least two wheels;
a frame;
a steering tie bar extending between a first spindle and a second spindle of the vehicle;
a joint attached to the frame;
a first steering link attached to and extending between a first steering location that is on or connected directly to the joint and a second steering location that is on or connected directly to the steering tie bar; and
a second steering link attached to and extending between a third steering location that is on or connected directly to a middle of the first steering link located between the first and second steering locations, and a fourth steering location that is on or connected directly to a pitman arm of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,482

LINKING ARM, FOR EXAMPLE FOR A VEHICLE WHEEL SUSPENSION, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

HUTCHINSON, Paris (FR)

1. A link arm adapted to connect a first structure or mass to a second structure or mass, wherein the arm comprises housings respectively adapted to receive a first linkage joint to the first structure or mass and at least one second linkage joint to the second structure or mass, wherein the arm comprises:a stiffening portion which is formed of a first thermoplastic or thermosetting matrix composite material reinforced with fibers and which comprises a peripheral rim of the arm, and
an anti-buckling portion which is interposed in the stiffening portion and which extends from the rim over substantially the entire arm,
characterized in that the fibers are continuous and are united in the form of a main continuous coiled skein of the first fibers extending along the rim, which encloses the anti-buckling portion.

US Pat. No. 10,427,481

MOTOR VEHICLE WHEEL SUSPENSION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A wheel suspension for a motor vehicle comprising:a control arm including a control arm portion and a spring portion;
said control arm portion made at least partly of fiber-reinforced plastic and having a wheel connecting point for a wheel carrier and at least one superstructure connecting point for a vehicle superstructure, for mounting pivotally about a pivot axis;
said spring portion made at least partly from fiber-reinforced plastic and rigidly connected by a moment resisting connection to the control arm portion; and
a spring connecting point spaced from said pivot axis connecting said spring portion to the vehicle superstructure.

US Pat. No. 10,427,480

CUSHIONED PROTECTION DEVICE

Prevent-A-Dent, LLC, Cla...

1. A cushioned protection device for protecting a tailgate of a tow vehicle from damage from a trailer comprising a foam block having an internal cavity sized to fit snugly around a top portion of a crank jack attached to the trailer:wherein the foam block is made of polyethylene foam;
wherein the foam block further comprises an upper protection portion for protecting the tailgate from an initial impact, a central protection portion for providing rigidity and for providing a secondary cushioning, and a lower protection portion for securing the cushioned protection device to the crank jack, and
wherein the upper protection is made from a foam having a density of 1.7 pounds per cubic foot, the central protection portion is made from a foam having a density of 6 pounds per cubic foot, and the lower protection portion is made from a foam having a density of 1.65 pounds per cubic foot.

US Pat. No. 10,427,479

TRAILER STEERING APPARATUS AND METHOD

1. A method for steering a towed vehicle, where a towing vehicle has a center axis extending a length of the towing vehicle and at least a front axle and rear axle, and the towed vehicle has a center axis extending a length of the towed vehicle and at least a front axle with steerable wheels and a rear axle, a first hitch point is secured to the towing vehicle at a position on the center axis of the towing vehicle and rearward of the rear axle of the towing vehicle, and a second hitch point is secured to the towed vehicle at a position on the center axis of the towed vehicle and forward of the front axle of the towed vehicle, the method comprising the steps:a. providing a tow bar having a first end and a second end;
b. connecting the first end of the tow bar to the first hitch point, wherein the first end of the tow bar pivots horizontally and vertically relative to the first hitch point;
c. connecting the second end of the tow bar to the second hitch point, wherein the second end of the tow bar pivots horizontally and vertically relative to the second hitch point;
d. associating an encoder with the first end of the tow bar and using the encoder to measure a first angle between the center axis of the towing vehicle. and a line interconnecting the first and second hitch points;
e. associating an encoder with the second end of the tow bar and using the encoder to measure a second angle between the center axis of the towed vehicle and the line interconnecting the first and second hitch points; and
f. inputting data to a servomechanism to steer at least the steerable wheels associated with the front axle of the towed vehicle at a third angle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,478

TOW BALL ADAPTOR

1. A tow ball adaptor comprising:a plate;
a first hole positioned through said plate proximate to a first end of said plate, said first hole being complementary to a tow ball coupled to a vehicle;
a coupler coupled to said plate proximate to said first hole, said coupler being configured for coupling to the tow ball;
a cutout extending into said plate from a second end of said plate, said cutout being complementary to an implement hitch;
a plurality of third holes positioned through said plate, said plurality of third holes extending linearly between said first hole and said cutout, said third holes being complementary to a pair of orifices positioned singly in upper and lower tongues of the implement hitch; and
wherein said first hole is positioned through said plate such that said first hole is configured for inserting the tow ball for coupling said plate to the vehicle, wherein said coupler is positioned on said plate such that said coupler is configured for coupling to the tow ball for retaining the tow ball in said first hole, wherein said cutout is positioned in said plate such that said cutout is configured for inserting the implement hitch, wherein said third holes are positioned in said plate such that each said third hole is positioned for selectively aligning with the pair of orifices for inserting a hitch pin for coupling the implement hitch to the plate such that the implement is coupled to the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,477

CHAIN FOR MOUNTING ON A VEHICLE TIRE

pewag Schneeketten GmbH, ...

1. A chain comprising a sliding block chain for mounting on a vehicle tire, wherein the chain comprises a chain mesh which is disposed on at least a tread of the vehicle tire in a mounted state of the chain, wherein the chain mesh comprises a plurality of chain strands, wherein each chain strand of the plurality of chain strands comprises a plurality of chain links, wherein each chain link of the plurality of chain links comprises two essentially straight longitudinal legs disposed parallel to one another, wherein each chain strand of the plurality of chain strands comprises a first strand end link and a second strand end link, wherein each of the first and second strand end links are connected to one of the first and second strand end links of another of the plurality of chain strands by a connecting ring, the connecting ring having a width that is larger than an internal width of each of the first and second strand end links, thereby preventing the connecting ring from tilting relative to the first and second strand end links,wherein each chain link of the plurality of chain links is positioned obliquely in the mounted state of the chain positioned on the tread at alternately positive and negative angles with respect to the tread, wherein at least one chain link of the plurality of chain links is provided with wear elements,
wherein each wear element comprises a wear web, wherein the wear web is fixedly connected to each chain link of the plurality of chain links, and wherein the wear web extends parallel to the longitudinal legs of the chain links, and
wherein the width of the connecting ring consists of a radial distance between an outer perimeter of the connecting ring and an inner perimeter of the connecting ring.

US Pat. No. 10,427,476

TIRE FOR A HEAVY DUTY VEHICLE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire comprising:two beads intended to come into contact with a wheelrim,
a carcass reinforcement anchored in each bead,
each bead comprising at least one internal annular insert disposed radially outwardly of and containing a bead reinforcing circumferential element, wherein the at least one internal annular insert consists of a rubber composition comprising:
an elastomer matrix based on at least one polyisoprene having a majority of cis-1,4-enchainments,
between 45 and 60 parts per hundred parts by weight of elastomer, phr, of a reinforcing filler comprising a reinforcing inorganic filler, the reinforcing inorganic filler including silica, the silica is in a content of from 43 to 55 phr by weight of the elastomer and has a BET specific surface area of between 155 and 185 m2/g,
a coupling agent for bonding the reinforcing inorganic filler to the elastomer, and
a vulcanization system,
wherein the coupling agent is an at least bifunctional organosilane or an at least bifunctional polyorganosiloxane, or a silane polysulphide corresponding to the following general formula (I):
Z-A-Sx-A-Z,   (I)wherein:x is an integer from 2 to 8;
the A symbols, which are identical or different, represent a divalent hydrocarbon radical;
the Z symbols, which are identical or different, correspond to one of the three formulae below:

wherein:
R1 radicals, which are substituted or unsubstituted and identical to or different from one another, represent a C1-C18 alkyl, C5-C18 cycloalkyl or C8-C18 aryl group;
R2 radicals, which are substituted or unsubstituted and identical to or different from one another, represent a C1-C18 alkoxyl or C5-C18 cycloalkoxyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,427,475

PNEUMATIC TIRE

TOYO TIRE CORPORATION, I...

1. A pneumatic tire, comprising a plurality of projections formed on a surface of a tire side portion at an interval in a tire circumferential direction, whereina thickness of the projection is smaller than a width of a top surface of the projection in a tire circumferential direction, the thickness is a distance from the surface of the tire side portion to the top surface of the projection,
the width of the projection is 10 mm or more, and
the interval of the projections is 3 times or more and 10 times or less as large as the thickness of the projection,
wherein the projection has a downward gradient surface portion formed on an end portion region of the top surface of the projection on a trailing side in a tire rotational direction, the downward gradient surface portion having a downward gradient toward the surface of the tire side portion as extending toward the trailing side in the tire rotational direction gradually decreasing the thickness, and
wherein said downward gradient surface portion extends at the downward gradient downward from the top surface of the projection to a top end of a rear side surface of the projection, the top end of the rear side surface being at a height above the surface of the tire side portion.

US Pat. No. 10,427,474

PNEUMATIC TIRE

TOYO TIRE CORPORATION, I...

1. A pneumatic tire comprising projections on a surface of a tire side portion, whereineach projection includes a top surface, a front side surface which is a side surface at a tire rotational direction side, a front edge portion where the top surface and the front side surface intersect with each other and an outer end surface which is a side surface at a tire outer radial direction side,
the front edge portion of the projection intersects at an angle to a straight line extending in a tire radial direction as viewed in a tire width direction,
a tip angle made by the top surface and the front side surface on the edge portion of the projection is equal to or less than 100°,
the outer end surface includes a projecting portion having an inclination side surface which is inclined in a tire rotating reverse direction toward a tire outer radial direction,
wherein the inclination side surface of the projecting portion intersects at an intersection point on the outer end surface displaced from the front side edge portion in a tire circumferential direction,
wherein the projections include more than three kinds of projections having different lengths hn in a tire circumferential direction, and
wherein the more than three kinds of projections have differing front edge portion inclination angles.

US Pat. No. 10,427,473

PNEUMATIC TIRE

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

1. A pneumatic tire, comprising:sidewall portions;
an axially outwardly protruding protector provided in an outer surface of at least one of the sidewall portions, the protector composed of patterned unit protrusions which are independent from each other and arranged at intervals in the tire circumferential direction,
wherein a radially outer end of the protector is positioned at a height in a range between 0.75 times and 0.85 times a cross sectional height of the tire, each height measured in a tire radial direction from a bead base line,
wherein each of the patterned unit protrusions comprises a first protruding portion, a second protruding portion and a third protruding portion,
wherein each of the first protruding portion and the second protruding portion extends in the tire radial direction and have a radially inner end and a radially outer end and are spaced apart from each other in the tire circumferential direction,
wherein the third protruding portion connects between the first protruding portion and the second protruding portion, and
wherein a radial dimension of the first protruding portion is greater than a radial dimension of the second protruding portion.

US Pat. No. 10,427,471

TREAD COMPRISING VOIDS FOR CIVIL ENGINEERING VEHICLE TIRE

Compagnie Generale Des Et...

1. A tread for a tire of a civil engineering work vehicle intended to carry very heavy loads with at least 20 tons at the rated pressure per tire, comprising:said tread having a wearable thickness of material EMU measured between a tread surface that is intended to come into contact with the ground and a wear limit;
said tread surface extending circumferentially all around the tire and being axially bounded by edge parts defining a maximum width for said tread;
said tread comprising solid parts forming raised elements delimited by circumferential grooves and transverse grooves intersecting said circumferential grooves;
each solid part comprising a contact face and, opening onto said contact face, at least one cavity of maximum depth at least greater than 30% of said wearable thickness EMU;
each cavity opening onto said contact face when new and being delimited by a wall surface and a bottom surface;
each wall surface delimiting said cavity intersecting said contact face along a corner edge contour having a geometry comprising a major axis AA extending across said cavity and a minor axis BB extending across said cavity;
a length of said major axis AA being at least equal to 1.5 times a length of said minor axis BB when new; and
wherein for any tread surface down to a predefined level of wear, said predefined level of wear being less than a depth of each cavity, said corner edge contour of each cavity considered on said tread surface is such that an angle made by said major axis AA and a circumferential direction is at least equal to 0 degrees and at most equal to 40 degrees, and
wherein from said predefined wear level onwards, said angle made by said major axis A? A? and said circumferential direction is greater than 40 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,427,470

TIRE TRACTION ELEMENT

Bridgestone Americal Tire...

7. A tire for a vehicle comprising:a tread having a circumferential direction, an axial direction, and a radial direction,
the tread having at least one circumferential groove which extends in the circumferential direction,
the at least one circumferential groove having a groove base,
and at least one groove sidewall;
a plurality of traction elements in the circumferential groove connected to the at least one groove sidewall and the groove base;
wherein at least one of the traction elements has at least two indentations formed on a radially outermost edge between the groove base and only one groove sidewall of the at least one groove sidewall;
wherein the at least two indentations each have a bottom surface which is arcuate in shape and has a radius R;
wherein the radially outermost edge has a length L;
wherein the at least two indentations has a length Li that is between about 0.2 and about 0.8 times the length L; and
wherein the radially outermost edge has an angle of inclination ? relative to the radial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,469

PNEUMATIC TIRE

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

1. A pneumatic tire comprising:a tread portion being provided with at least one circumferentially and continuously extending main groove to separate
a first land portion located on one side of the main groove and
a second land portion located on the other side of the main groove, wherein the second land portion is provided with a lug groove having one end connected to the main groove and the other end terminates within the second land portion; and
a set of recesses comprising
a plurality of first recesses provided on a first edge of the first land portion wherein the first edge faces the main groove, wherein each of the first recesses forms a substantially tetrahedron void surrounded by four triangular surfaces that comprise a first surface located on a ground contact surface of the first land portion, a second surface located on a groove wall of the main groove, a third surface forming a bottom side of the recess, and a fourth surface facing the second surface, wherein the fourth surface has a first side located on the ground contact surface and is defined as being between the first side and a second side, the recess bottom surface extending toward a bottom of the first recess while increasing a depth of the first recess and reducing a width of the recess bottom surface in the axial direction of the tire from the ground contact surface toward the bottom, and
a plurality of second recesses provided on a second edge of the second land portion wherein the second edge faces the main groove, wherein each of the second recesses comprises a substantially triangular recess bottom surface, the recess bottom surface being smoothly connected to a ground contact surface of the second land portion, the recess bottom surface extending toward a bottom of the second recess while increasing a depth of the second recess and reducing a width of the recess bottom surface in the axial direction of the tire from the ground contact surface toward the bottom,
each second recess being arranged so as not to overlap each projected region in which each first recess is projected onto the second edge in an axial direction of the tire,
wherein the lug groove is arranged so as to overlap with one of the projected regions of the first recesses.

US Pat. No. 10,427,468

PNEUMATIC TIRE

TOYO TIRE CORPORATION, I...

1. A pneumatic tire comprising:a plurality of main grooves provided to extend in a tire circumferential direction;
a shoulder land portion between a shoulder-side main groove positioned outside in a tire width direction among the plurality of main grooves and a ground contact end; and
a sub-groove provided on the shoulder land portion at the inside of a width direction center of the shoulder land portion in the tire width direction and extending in the tire circumferential direction, the shoulder land portion being divided into an inner portion inside the sub-groove in the tire width direction and an outer portion more outside the sub-groove in the tire width direction,
wherein the shoulder land portion protrudes to the outside of a tire reference profile line in a normal direction of the tire reference profile line on a cross-section in the tire width direction and a protrusion height at a sub-groove side end of the outer portion is higher than a protrusion height at a sub-groove side end of the inner portion, and
wherein, assuming that the protrusion height at the sub-groove side end of the inner portion is H1, the protrusion height at the sub-groove side end of the outer portion is H2, a length of the inner portion along the tire reference profile line is D1, and a length of the outer portion along the tire reference profile line is D2, a following relational expression is satisfied:
D2/D1?H2/H1?1.2×D2/D1.

US Pat. No. 10,427,467

PNEUMATIC TIRE

TOYO TIRE CORPORATION, I...

1. A pneumatic tire with mediate land portions formed adjacently to shoulder land portions disposed on both sides of the tire in a tire width direction respectively, whereinsipes are formed in the mediate land portions respectively, the mediate land portion disposed inside in a vehicle width direction in a state where the pneumatic tire is mounted on the vehicle has larger sipe density and projects more outwardly in a tire radial direction than the mediate land portion disposed outside in the vehicle width direction,
wherein a ratio of the sipe density of the mediate land portion disposed inside in the vehicle width direction in a state where the pneumatic tire is mounted on the vehicle to the sipe density of the mediate land portion disposed outside in the vehicle width direction in a state where the pneumatic tire is mounted on the vehicle falls within a range of 1.2 to 3.5 inclusive,
an apex of the mediate land portion disposed inside in the vehicle width direction in a state where the pneumatic tire is mounted on the vehicle projects higher than an apex of the mediate land portion disposed outside in the vehicle width direction in a state where the pneumatic tire is mounted on the vehicle by an amount which falls within a range of 0.2 mm to 1.5 mm inclusive,
wherein the pneumatic tire includes a center land portion at the center thereof in the tire width direction, the center land portion projects outwardly in the tire radial direction from a tire reference profile line, and a projecting amount of the center land portion is smaller than a projecting amount of the mediate land portion disposed inside in the vehicle width direction in a state where the pneumatic tire is mounted on the vehicle, and
wherein sipes are formed in the center land portion, a portion of the center land portion disposed inside in the vehicle width direction in a state where the pneumatic tire is mounted on the vehicle has larger sipe density than a portion of the center land portion disposed outside in the vehicle width direction in a state where the pneumatic tire is mounted on the vehicle, and an apex of a projecting portion toward the outside in the tire radial direction is formed on a portion of the center land portion disposed inside in the vehicle width direction from the center of the center land portion in the width direction in a state where the pneumatic tire is mounted on the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,466

TIRE FOR WINTER

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

1. A tire for winter comprising:a tread portion being provided with
a plurality of first main inclined grooves extending obliquely from a first tread edge toward a tire equator and terminating at first inner ends beyond the tire equator without reaching a second tread edge, wherein the plurality of first main inclined grooves has an arc shape in which an inclination angle relative to an axial direction of the tire decreases continuously from the first inner ends to the first tread edge without increasing from the inner ends to the first tread edge,
a first sub inclined groove provided between the first main inclined grooves, the first sub inclined groove extending obliquely from the first tread edge toward the tire equator in the same direction as the first main inclined grooves and terminating not beyond the tire equator,
a plurality of second main inclined grooves extending obliquely from the second tread edge toward the tire equator in an opposite direction to the first main inclined grooves and terminating at second inner ends beyond the tire equator without reaching the first tread edge, wherein the plurality of second main inclined grooves has an arc shape in which an inclination angle relative to the axial direction of the tire decreases continuously from the second inner ends to the second tread edge without increasing from the inner ends to the first tread edge,
a second sub inclined groove provided between the second main inclined grooves, the second sub inclined groove extending obliquely from the second tread edge toward the tire equator in the same direction as the second main inclined grooves and terminates not beyond the tire equator,
a plurality of first longitudinal grooves dividing first land portions formed between the first main inclined grooves,
wherein the plurality of first longitudinal grooves arranged between adjacent first main inclined grooves comprises
at least one axially outer first longitudinal groove that is inclined in a same direction as the plurality of first main inclined grooves and that connects adjacent first main inclined grooves, and
at least one axially inner first longitudinal groove that is inclined in a same direction as the plurality of first main inclined grooves and that connects one of the adjacent first main inclined grooves and one second main inclined groove extending between the adjacent first main inclined grooves, and
a plurality of second longitudinal grooves dividing second land portions formed between the second main inclined grooves and inclining in the same direction as the second main inclined grooves,
wherein the first inner ends terminate at the intersection with the second main inclined grooves, the second inner ends terminate at the intersection with the first main inclined grooves, and
the first main inclined grooves and the second main inclined grooves are alternately provided in a circumferential direction of the tire.

US Pat. No. 10,427,464

PNEUMATIC TIRE AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION, ...

1. A pneumatic tire comprising a tread portion and tire side regions, the tread portion having an asymmetrical tread pattern and a pair of tread halves, the tread halves extending between a tire equatorial plane and respective outer ends in the tire width direction of the tread portion, respectively, and having different negative ratios,wherein the tread portion has short fibers fixed to at least a portion of a tire inner peripheral surface of the tread portion, the short fibers are situated only in one of the tread halves with a higher negative ratio, and the tread half with a higher negative ratio has a short-fiber fixation area ratio of 50% or more, and
wherein short fibers are also fixed to at least a portion of a tire inner peripheral surface of the tire side regions.

US Pat. No. 10,427,463

PNEUMATIC TIRE HAVING A DUAL LAYER TREAD

1. A pneumatic tire comprising a carcass and a tread located radially outward of the carcass and extending between the tire sidewalls; the tread providing a radially outermost tread running surface; the tread comprising a first tread layer comprising a first rubber compound and a second tread layer comprising a second rubber compound; wherein the second tread layer is located radially adjacent to the first tread layer; wherein the first rubber compound is compositionally distinct from the second rubber compound; wherein the second tread layer comprises one or more integrally formed extensions of the second tread layer extending radially outwardly toward the tread running surface; wherein each of the integrally formed extensions of the second tread layer comprises a circumferentially continuous groove and a reinforcement zone disposed on a side of the groove;wherein the first rubber compound comprises less than 50 phr of filler, a first rubber with a glass transition temperature above ?25° C., and a second rubber with a glass transition temperature below ?40° C.; and
the second rubber compound comprises a diene base elastomer, from 50 to 120 phr of a filler, wherein at least 20 phr of the filler is a high surface area carbon black having an iodine adsorption number of at least 100 g/kg, from 1 to 45 phr of a methylene acceptor, from 1 to 25 phr of a methylene donor, and from 1 to 30 phr of at least one additive selected from the group consisting of carbamic resins, liquid diene based polymers having a number average molecular weight ranging from 1000 to 25000, and aromatic hydrocarbon resins.

US Pat. No. 10,427,462

THIN REINFORCED PRODUCT AND TIRE COMPRISING SAID PRODUCT

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire comprising:a crown surmounted by a tread,
two sidewalls,
two beads, each sidewall connecting each bead to the crown,
a carcass reinforcement anchored in each of the beads and extending through the sidewalls as far as the crown, and
a crown reinforcement interposed radially between the carcass reinforcement and the tread,
wherein the tire is a passenger vehicle tire, and
wherein the crown reinforcement is a reinforced product comprising:
an elastomer matrix,
several reinforcing elements embedded in the elastomer matrix, the reinforcing elements being arranged side by side in a main direction, each reinforcing element comprising:
several filamentary elements, and
at least one communal sheath collectively coating the filamentary elements and comprising at least one layer of a thermoplastic polymer composition,
wherein a mean thickness E of the reinforced product is less than or equal to 0.95 mm;
wherein a pitch P at which the reinforcing elements are laid in the main direction is less than or equal to 2.5 mm;
wherein the ratio R1=ODO/E of the mean minimum thickness ODO of elastomer present on the sheath to the mean thickness E of the reinforced product is less than or equal to 0.17, the mean minimum thickness of elastomer ODO and mean thickness E of the reinforced product being measured in a direction substantially perpendicular to the main direction;
wherein the ratio R2=B/E of the mean minimum thickness B of elastomer separating two successive reinforcing elements in the main direction to the mean thickness E of the reinforced product is less than or equal to 0.3;
wherein each filamentary element has a mean bulk D in the direction substantially perpendicular to the main direction, and wherein the ratio R3=D/E of the mean bulk D to the mean thickness E of the reinforced product is less than or equal to 0.6.

US Pat. No. 10,427,461

RADIALLY STIFFENED SHAPE MEMORY ALLOY TIRE

United States of America ...

1. A tire comprising:a plurality of radial elements each having a first end portion, a second end portion, and an arching middle portion, wherein the first end portion and the second end portion are connected by the arching middle portion;
a mounting block securing the first end portion and the second end portion of the plurality of radial elements to form an arch; and
a selected number of radial elements comprising a shape memory alloy (SMA) having an austenite crystal structure in an ambient condition, and during the application of an externally applied force upon the SMA, the austenite crystal structure of the SMA reorients to a martensitic crystal structure to increase the amount of load carrying potential and accommodate increased deformation without permanent damage.

US Pat. No. 10,427,460

TIRE LAMINATE, INNER LINER MATERIAL FOR TIRE, AND PNEUMATIC TIRE

THE YOKOHAMA RUBBER CO., ...

1. A laminate for a tire comprising a film of a thermoplastic resin composition and a layer of a rubber composition laminated on the film, wherein the rubber composition comprises(a) at least one rubber component selected from the group consisting of natural rubber, styrene-butadiene rubber, butadiene rubber, isoprene rubber, and mixtures thereof,
b) a condensate of a compound represented by the following formula (1):
wherein R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 are independently selected from hydrogen, hydroxyl group, alkyl groups having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, —O—R6, wherein R6 is an alkyl group having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, and —R7—O —R8, wherein R7 is an alkylene group having 1 to 7 carbon atoms, and R8 is an alkyl group having 1 to 7 carbon atoms, with the proviso that the sum of the carbon atoms of R7 and R8 is 2 to 8, with formaldehyde,(c) at least one methylene donor, and
(d) a vulcanizing agent,wherein condensate (b) is present in an amount of 0.5 to 20 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of the total amount of at least one rubber component (a),at least one methylene donor (c) is present in an amount of 0.25 to 200 parts by weight per 100 parts by weight of the total amount of at least one rubber component (a),
the weight ratio of at least one methylene donor (c) and condensate (b) is 0.5:1 to 10:1, and
at least one rubber component (a) comprises a rubber having a vinyl content in aliphatic unsaturated hydrocarbon side chains of more than 11 mol % in an amount of 10% by weight to 80% by weight based on the total amount of at least one rubber component (a),wherein the rubber composition does not comprise an acrylonitrile-butadiene rubber.

US Pat. No. 10,427,459

PNEUMATIC TIRE

BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION, ...

1. A pneumatic tire comprising a tread, an inner liner, a bead core, and a bead filler, wherein:a thickness of the inner liner in at least in part of a side portion of the tire is 1.5 mm or more,
the thickness of the inner liner along an entirety of the side portion is larger than a thickness of other portions of the inner liner,
when the tire is mounted to a rim, and an internal pressure of 250 kPa or more is applied to the tire,
in a case where a sectional width SW of the tire is less than 165 mm, a ratio of the sectional width SW to an outer diameter OD of the tire, SW/OD, is 0.26 or less,
in a case where the sectional width SW of the tire is 165 mm or more, the sectional width SW and the outer diameter OD of the tire satisfy a relation expression OD?2.135×SW+282.3,
wherein an aspect ratio of the pneumatic tire is in a range of 45 to 70, and
wherein a tire widthwise sectional area S1 of the bead filler is between 1 times or more and 4 times or less of a tire widthwise sectional area S2 of the bead core.

US Pat. No. 10,427,457

LOW MOISTURE PERMEABILITY LAMINATE CONSTRUCTION

EXXONMOBIL CHEMICAL PATEN...

1. A pneumatic tire comprising a carcass layer, an air permeation prevention layer and a thermoplastic layer:(i) said air permeation prevention layer having an upper and a lower surface, said layer comprising a polymer composition having an air permeation coefficient of about 25×10?12 cc cm/cm2 sec cmHg (at 30° C.) or less and a Young's modulus of about 1 MPa to about 500 MPa, said polymer composition comprising:
(A) at least 10% by weight, based on the total weight of the polymer composition, of at least one thermoplastic resin component having an air permeation coefficient of about 25×10?12 cc cm/cm2 sec cmHg (at 30° C.) or less and a Young's modulus of more than 500 MPa, which resin component is selected from the group consisting of polyamide resins, polyester resins, polynitrile resins, polymethacrylate resins, polyvinyl resins, cellulose resins, fluororesins, and imide resins, and
(B) at least 10% by weight, based on the total weight of said polymer composition, of at least one elastomer component having an air permeation coefficient of more than about 25×10?12 cc cm/cm2 sec cmHg (at 30° C.) and a Young's modulus of not more than 500 MPa, which elastomer component is selected from the group consisting of diene rubbers and the hydrogenates thereof, halogen-containing rubbers, silicone rubbers, sulfur-containing rubbers, fluoro-rubbers, hydrin rubbers, acryl rubbers, ionomers and thermoplastic elastomers, the total amount (A)+(B) of the component (A) and the component (B) being not less than about 30% by weight based on the total weight of said polymer composition, wherein the elastomer component (B) is dispersed in a vulcanized state, as a discontinuous phase, in a matrix of the thermoplastic resin component (A) in said polymer composition; and
(ii) said thermoplastic layer is located as an innermost layer of the tire and is in laminate relation with the lower surface of said air permeation prevention layer, said thermoplastic layer comprising a film-forming, semi-crystalline, substantially hydrophobic carbon chain polymer having a glass transition temperature, Tg, of less than about ?20° C., wherein said thermoplastic layer acts as a layer for reducing the moisture vapor transmission rate of the tire.

US Pat. No. 10,427,456

WHEEL ASSEMBLIES REMOVABLE WITHOUT TOOLS

GEO Plastics, Los Angele...

1. A wheel assembly comprising:an axle bore configured to receive an axle;
a pin sleeve including a first end in fluid communication with the axle bore, a second end, and a conduit between the first end and the second end;
a retaining member at least partially in the conduit of the pin sleeve, the retaining member configured to operatively engage a groove in the axle and comprising a chamfered end extending into the axle bore, the chamfered end shaped to transversely displace the retaining member upon movement of the axle into the axle bore;
a biasing element at least partially in the conduit, the biasing element configured to bias the retaining member towards the axle bore; and
a hand maneuverable release mechanism configured to displace the retaining element away from the axle bore, the hand maneuverable release mechanism remaining with the wheel assembly during operation of the wheel assembly,
wherein the hand maneuverable release mechanism comprises a tab configured to be manipulated by a hand of a user, and wherein the hand maneuverable release mechanism is configured to displace the retaining element away from the axle bore upon radially inward movement of the tab.

US Pat. No. 10,427,455

WHEEL HUB BEARING UNIT OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

5. A vehicle comprising:a wheel hub bearing for mounting a hub, the wheel hub bearing comprising an outer ring having a first thread on a peripheral face; and
an aluminum carrier with a mounting hole defined by a wall equipped with a second thread for mechanical engagement with the first thread, wherein the outer ring and carrier each have a contact face that mechanically contact responsive to the bearing being mounted in the carrier,
wherein at an inner end of the outer ring with respect to a longitudinal axis of the vehicle, the contact face of the outer ring forms a casing surface of a truncated cone, and wherein the contact face of the carrier is an inner face of a protuberance being arranged facing toward an axis of the mounting hole in a radial direction, the inner face forming a frustoconical surface oriented obliquely to the axis of the mounting hole, and the protuberance overlapping the outer ring in an axial direction relative to the mounting hole.

US Pat. No. 10,427,454

HUB UNIT HAVING BRAKE DISK

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A hub unit having a brake disk comprising:a fixing shaft disposed along a rotation center shaft;
a hub body rotatably disposed at the fixing shaft through a bearing, the hub body having space inside;
a brake disk fixed in the hub body by a bracket and formed in a circumference direction on a basis of the fixing shaft;
a fixing member formed to extend toward a vertical direction to a lengthwise direction of the fixing shaft, wherein one side of the fixing member is fixed to the fixing shaft;
a caliper formed at the other side of the fixing member, wherein a part of the brake disk is inserted into the caliper; and
a brake pad, wherein both inside surfaces of the brake pad are configured to contact with both side surfaces of the brake disk,
wherein a body expansion portion is formed at the hub body, and an outer diameter of the body expansion portion is capable of becoming larger, and
the caliper is disposed inside the body expansion portion, and
wherein one end of the fixing member is fixed to the fixing shaft,
the other end of the fixing member extends toward outside in a radial direction in the body expansion portion, and
the brake disk is disposed in parallel with the fixing member and extends toward inside of the caliper.

US Pat. No. 10,427,453

WHEEL FOR ENERGY RECOVERY, IN PARTICULAR IN VEHICLES WITH ELECTRIC OR HYBRID PROPULSION

SER.CA. S.r.l., Orzinuov...

1. A wheel for vehicles including a rim provided with a hub which defines the rotational axis of the wheel and a tire, associated circumferentially with said rim, configured to come into contact with the ground during the rotation of the wheel, the wheel comprising:a plurality of hydraulic actuators oriented in a radial direction and placed in said tire, between the tire and said rim, each of said hydraulic actuators comprising a cylinder, constrained to one of said rim and said tire, a piston being slidably housed in the cylinder and associated with a rod projecting from said cylinder and constrained to the other of said tire and said rim;
at least one delivery system and at least one return system formed in the hub of the wheel;
a plurality of delivery pipes configured to connect and place in communication each cylinder of said hydraulic actuators with said delivery system;
a plurality of return pipes configured to connect and place in communication each cylinder of said hydraulic actuators with said return system;
a first plurality of flow control valves placed in said delivery pipes and configured to allow a single-direction circulation of a hydraulic oil from the cylinder of each hydraulic actuator towards said delivery system, when the piston of the hydraulic actuator moves towards the interior of the cylinder, due to deformation of zones of the tire which come into contact, at each turn of the wheel, with the ground during movement of the vehicle on which the wheel is mounted;
a second plurality of flow control valves placed in said return pipes and configured to allow a single-direction circulation of hydraulic oil from said return system towards the cylinder of each hydraulic actuator, when the piston of the hydraulic actuator moves towards an exterior of the cylinder, due to the return into a non-deformed configuration of the zones of the tire at each turn of the wheel at the end of the contact with the ground during the movement of the vehicle; and
at least one rotating valve associated with the hub of the wheel and comprising a rotating delivery manifold and a rotating return manifold, said rotating valve being configured to connect and place in communication, via the respective rotating delivery manifold, said delivery pipes with said delivery system and, via the respective rotating return manifold, said return pipes with said return system,
wherein said wheel is configured to recover, in the form of pressure energy of the hydraulic oil which flows in said pipes, at least a part of the energy which is consumed in order to deform the tire, during the rotation of the wheel, and to transfer, via the delivery system and the return system associated with the hub of the wheel, the recovered energy from the wheel to the vehicle on which the wheel is mounted, so that the recovered energy is used in the vehicle and is converted into electrical energy intended to feed the devices installed on the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,427,452

WHEEL RIM WITH A RIM BASE MADE OF FIBER COMPOSITE MATERIAL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

THYSSENKRUPP CARBON COMPO...

1. A wheel rim, comprising:a rim base of fiber composite material, and
a wheel disk connected to the rim base at a radial marginal area, and wherein
the wheel disk is present as a single piece and only the marginal area of the wheel disk comprises at least two partial layers on each of which a substantially axially extending, contoured joint zone is formed, the at least two joint zones together being connected to the rim base in a substantially entire area of a drop center of the rim base and conforming to a contour of the rim base in the substantially entire area of the drop center,
and wherein:
a joint zone of a partial layer is present in interrupted form in circumferential direction of the wheel disk.

US Pat. No. 10,427,451

PAINT ROLLER BRUSH CLEANING DEVICE

1. A cleaning apparatus, comprising:a reservoir, comprising:
a continuous sidewall;
a bottom wall;
a tub having an interior;
a plurality of divider walls subdividing said interior into a first wash area, a second wash area, a third wash area, a drying area, and a storage area;
a rim located about a perimeter of said sidewall;
at least one attachment point, each located on said rim;
a lid removably attached to each attachment point and covering said interior, further comprising:
an access travel track located thereon;
an entry removal point located at a terminal end of said access travel track;
a means for coupling a paint roller brush to a driving tool and partially inserted within said entry removal point;
wherein a first portion of said access travel track is aligned with said first wash area, a second portion of an access travel track is aligned with said second wash area, a third portion of said access travel track is aligned with said third wash area, and a fourth portion of said access travel track is aligned with said drying area;
wherein at least one subdivided area retains a washing solution therein;
wherein said access travel track is aligned with at least one of said subdivided areas;
wherein said access travel track and said entry removal point are enabling said paint roller brush to be inserted into said interior when said lid is placed on said reservoir;
wherein said means for coupling transfers rotational force from said driving tool to said paint roller brush.

US Pat. No. 10,427,450

MODULARLY STACKABLE DRY ERASE PANELS AND SYSTEM THEREOF

COMSERO, INC., Denver, C...

1. A system comprising:a first panel having a first surface comprising a magnetically attractable surface, a second surface, and a magnet protruding from the second surface;
a second panel having a first surface comprising a magnetically attractable surface, a second surface, and a magnet protruding from the second surface; and
a first substrate comprising a magnetically attractable material having a first alignment magnet with a first end of the first alignment magnet consistent with a first surface of the first substrate, wherein the connection of the first magnet of the first panel with the first substrate results in the magnetic fixation of the first panel to the substrate, and the connection of the first magnet of the second panel to the first surface of the first panel affixes the second panel to the first panel, and wherein connection of the first magnet of the first panel to the first surface of the first substrate in alignment with the first alignment magnet results in the increased fixation of the first panel to the first substrate, and the connection of the first magnet of the second panel to the first surface of the first panel in alignment with the first magnet of the first panel affixes the second panel to the first panel in a stacked configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,427,449

WRITING INSTRUMENT AND ELECTRONIC PEN BODY SECTION

WACOM CO., LTD., Saitama...

1. A writing instrument comprising:a cylindrical outer housing, a first end of the outer housing having an outer opening; and
an electronic pen body stored in the outer housing,
wherein the electronic pen body includes:
a stylus, a first end of the stylus in an axial direction of the stylus serving as a pen tip;
a cylindrical inner housing storing the stylus, the first end of the stylus serving as the pen tip extending from an inner opening at a distal end of the inner housing, the inner opening of the inner housing defining one axial end of a hole extending axially forming a stylus guide that enables the stylus to move axially;
a magnetic core disposed around at least part of the stylus;
a coil wound around the magnetic core; and
a capacitor connected to the coil,
wherein, in operation, the pen tip of the stylus and a distal portion of the inner housing having the inner opening extend from the outer opening of the outer housing, and
wherein the distal portion of the inner housing includes a magnetic core storage area in which part of the magnetic core is stored.

US Pat. No. 10,427,448

MOVEABLE TAB

ACCO Brands Corporation, ...

1. A tab for attachment to a component having a pair of slots therein or therethrough, each slot having a slot height extending in a first direction, the tab comprising:a flat display portion proximate to a first edge of the tab; and
a pair of attachment portions extending outwardly in a lateral direction perpendicular to the first direction, each attachment portion being located on a side edge of the tab or on a corner of the tab that is positioned along a second edge opposite from the first edge, wherein both attachment portions are located mutually opposite of said display portion with respect to the first direction, and wherein:
(i) each attachment portion includes curved or angled upper and lower co-planar edges, wherein said upper and lower edges of each attachment portion are predominantly parallel to enable each attachment portion to be inserted into a slot, wherein each attachment portion is coupled to said tab at a base of the respective attachment portion, and wherein said tab includes a pair of relief cutouts positioned adjacent to the base of each attachment portion, each pair with one cutout being co-planar with the associated upper edge and with another cutout being co-planar with the associated lower edge, and wherein the relief cutouts are configured to enable said tab to be secured to said component in a flat configuration and resist removal therefrom; or
(ii) each attachment portion includes a pair of spaced-apart, outwardly-extending co-planar legs wherein the pair has a collective height that is greater than the slot height, and wherein at least one leg in each attachment portion is configured to be reversibly and springingly movable toward the other leg to enable said legs to fit through an associated one of the pair of slots to couple said tab to the component.

US Pat. No. 10,427,447

METHOD OF LAMINATING MULTI LAYER STRUCTURE TOGETHER IN A ROLL-TO-ROLL PROCESS TO MAKE A PRE-LAMINATION THAT MAY BE USED IN THE MAKING OF CREDIT AND GIFT CARDS AND MIRROR IMAGE VARIATIONS THEREOF

Griff and Associates, L.P...

1. A method of making plastic sheets from two or more different layers, comprising:providing a first sheet of material having a front side and a back side;
applying a decorative layer to the front side of the first sheet of material;
encapsulating the first sheet of material and the decorative layer between a first layer of a copolymer of ethylene and a second layer of a copolymer of ethylene to form an encapsulated decorated structure; wherein the first layer of the copolymer of ethylene is provided on a front of the decorative layer and the second layer of the copolymer of ethylene is provided on the back side of the first sheet of material;
adhering the encapsulated decorated structure to a second sheet of material;
hydraulically compressing the encapsulated decorated structure and the second sheet together; wherein the second layer of copolymer of ethylene prevents the first sheet of material from contacting the second sheet of material; and
winding the layered end product into a roll;
unwinding a length of the layered end product from the roll;
allowing the unwound length of the layered end product to flatten
printing graphics on a top surface of the flattened length of the layered end product;
die-cutting regions in the top surface;
inserting card chips into the die-cut regions;
placing a clear polyvinyl chloride (“PVC”) cover sheet over the top surface of the layered end product;
compressing the PVC cover sheet and the layered end product in a hydraulic press to form a bonded card stock; and
cutting the bonded card stock into individual cards.

US Pat. No. 10,427,446

TRANSFER FILM AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A TRANSFER FILM

OVD KINEGRAM AG, Zug (CH...

1. A transfer film comprising a transfer layer detachably arranged on a carrier layer, wherein the transfer layer has at least one first color layer, and wherein the at least one first color layer comprises at least one binder and at least first pigments, the color appearance of which changes depending on the observation angle, wherein the at least one first color layer is present in at least one first area of the transfer layer and no color layer is present in at least one second area of the transfer layer, wherein the transfer layer has a first compensation layer which covers the at least one first area of the transfer layer and covers the at least one second area of the transfer layer, andwherein the transfer layer further comprises:
at least one replication varnish layer disposed between the first color layer and the carrier layer;
a primer layer disposed between the first color layer and the at least one replication varnish layer; and
at least one first stabilizing layer disposed between the at least one replication varnish layer and the carrier layer.

US Pat. No. 10,427,445

ILLUMINATABLE ASSEMBLY

1. An illuminatable assembly comprising:a support configured to support a light-emitting panel provided by a mobile computing device; and
a plurality of sheets movably coupled to said support;
wherein each said sheet comprises a light transmission portion communicating between sheet front and back surfaces; and
wherein when said sheets dispose in a first position, said light transmission portions dispose in overlaying engagement to provide aligned light transmission portions.

US Pat. No. 10,427,444

METHOD FOR APPLYING AT LEAST ONE ENCLOSING ELEMENT TO A FLAT PRODUCT COMPOSITION, AND ENCLOSING ELEMENT APPLYING DEVICE FOR CARRYING OUT THE METHOD

FERAG AG, Hinwil (CH)

1. An enclosing element application device for performing a method for applying at least one enclosing element comprising an individual element made from paper, to a sheet-like product assortment comprising multiple products, including printed products or advertising material, comprising a transportation device for transporting the sheet-like product assortment that defines a transportation path running through an application unit, wherein the application unit is equipped with means for holding ready for use an enclosing element to be applied, comprising an individual element made from paper, at a predetermined point of the transportation path in a position where it crosses the transportation path, wherein stop means are provided, spaced apart on both sides of the transportation path, against which lies the enclosing element to be applied across the transportation path, and is supported in the direction of transportation in such a way that product assortments transported on the transportation path can be moved between the stop means, carrying enclosing elements along with them; andwherein the application unit is equipped with pressure means for pressing the carried-along enclosing element against side faces of a product assortment situated parallel to the transportation path, and arranged behind the stop means in the direction of transportation,
wherein the pressure means comprise an upper pressure brush and a lower pressure brush arranged essentially parallel to each other and parallel to the transportation path extending parallel to the transportation path, one above the other at a distance such that the ends of their bristles meet at the level of the transportation path, and that a product assortment transported on the transportation path through the application unit can be moved through between the upper pressure brush and the lower pressure brush.

US Pat. No. 10,427,443

LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING PLATE PRECURSOR, METHOD OF PREPARING LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING PLATE, AND LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING METHOD

FUJIFILM CORPORATION, To...

1. A lithographic printing plate precursor comprising:an aluminum support; and
an image recording layer on the aluminum support,
wherein the aluminum support includes an anodized film on a surface of the image recording layer side,
the anodized film has micropores extending in a depth direction from the surface of the anodized film on the image recording layer side,
an average pore diameter of the micropores in the surface of the anodized film is greater than 0 ?m and 0.03 ?m or less,
an average maximum diameter of the micropores inside the anodized film is in a range of 0.04 ?m to 0.30 ?m,
an average value A nm of thicknesses of surface opening portions starting from the surface of the anodized film and having a pore diameter inside the anodized film of greater than 0 ?m and 0.03 ?m or less and an average value B nm of thicknesses of internal maximum diameter portions in which pore diameters of the micropores inside the anodized film are in a range of 0.04 ?m to 0.30 ?m satisfy a relationship of 2.5?B/A?28.0,
the average value B of thicknesses of the internal maximum diameter portions is in a range of 500 nm to 2800 nm, and
the image recording layer contains an acid color former.

US Pat. No. 10,427,442

MULTI-PASS UV INKJET PRINTER FOR OUTPUTTING HIGH GLOSSY VARNISH AND PRINTING METHOD USING THE SAME

Great Computer Corporatio...

1. A multi-pass ultraviolet (UV) inkjet printer for outputting high glossy varnish including an inkjet module for performing a printing job by moving back and forth across the printer, the inkjet module having a varnish print head for outputting varnish on a substrate, the multi-pass UV inkjet printer comprising:a side UV light irradiation device provided at a side of the inkjet module, wherein a width of the side UV light irradiation device in a direction parallel with the varnish print head is less than a width of the varnish print head, and wherein the width of the area not overlapped by the varnish print head and the side UV light irradiation device in a direction perpendicular to the varnish print head is greater than the width of one pass; and
a front UV light irradiation device provided in front of the inkjet module not overlapping with the varnish print head,
wherein the side UV light irradiation device and the front UV light irradiation device are activated at the same time as the varnish is being outputted, and the UV irradiation power of the side UV light irradiation device is less than the UV irradiation power of the front UV light irradiation device.

US Pat. No. 10,427,441

THERMAL TRANSFER SHEET

Dai Nippon Printing Co., ...

1. A thermal transfer sheet comprising:a substrate;
a peel-off layer adapted to remove a transfer layer of an intermediate transfer medium; and
a primer layer;
wherein the primer layer and the peel-off layer are provided in this order on the substrate;
wherein the primer layer is formed directly on a surface of the substrate and directly contacts both the substrate and the peel-off layer; and
wherein the primer layer contains at least one of alumina derived from sol-based inorganic particles having a primary particle size of 200 nm or less, a polyvinyl pyrrolidone type resin having a glass-transition temperature (Tg) of 150° C. or more, a polyester resin having a glass-transition temperature (Tg) of 100° C. or more, and a resin formed by curing a polyvinyl alcohol type resin.

US Pat. No. 10,427,440

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPROVING COLOR IMAGING AND PRINT HEAD ALIGNMENT, COORDINATION, REGISTRATION AND/OR RE-REGISTRATION

VIRTUAL GRAPHICS, LLC, E...

1. A system configured to improve imaging of a substrate, the system comprising:a reveal substrate comprising:
a) an opaque polymer sensitive to at least one first application of at least one selected from heat, pressure and light, said opaque polymer becoming transparent upon being subjected to the at least one first application; and
b) a bottom substrate layer having one or more colored areas on a top surface thereof, said bottom substrate layer being disposed such that the one or more colored areas are obscured by the opaque polymer prior to being subjected to the at least one first application and are revealed after at least one portion of the opaque polymer is subjected to the at least one first application;
a print head configured to apply the at least one first application to the at least one portion of the opaque polymer when the reveal substrate moves in a moving direction pass the print head such that the one or more colored areas beneath the at least one portion of the opaque polymer are revealed to provide one or more image dots of the reveal substrate;
an optical sensor positioned downstream with respect to print head in view of the moving direction of the reveal substrate, wherein the optical sensor is configured to sense the one or more image dots provided by the revealed one or more colored areas when the reveal substrate moves in the moving direction pass the optical sensor; and
a computing and/or printing terminal in digital communication with the print head and the optical sensor and configured to determine alignment or misalignment of the reveal substrate and the print head based on the sensed one or more image dots provided by the revealed one or more colored areas of the reveal substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,427,439

SUBSTRATE MARKING FOR SEALING SURFACES

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a housing having a surface and a recess that extends from the surface, the recess having walls that extend to a terminus surface, wherein the walls are observable only from a location that is outside of the housing at a viewing angle that is non-orthogonal to the surface; and
a mark laser etched on at least one wall and having physical characteristics corresponding to a laser beam impinging the at least one wall at the viewing angle, wherein when the mark is observed at the viewing angle, the mark has an appearance corresponding to the laser beam impinging the surface at an angle that is orthogonal to the surface.

US Pat. No. 10,427,438

ABNORMALITY DETECTION AND PROCESSING FOR IMAGE FORMING SYSTEMS AND DEVICES

Konica Minolta, Inc., To...

1. A control device, comprising:at least one controller comprising a hardware processor that:
receives image forming information including information showing an area to be cut in post processing provided in a paper sheet and information regarding an image formed in an image forming area, and read image information generated by a reading device reading an image formed on the paper sheet, and
detects an abnormality in an image formed on the paper sheet based on a comparison of the image forming information and the read image information;
wherein, when an abnormality is detected in the image forming area, the hardware processor generates control information for adjusting positions of the image forming area and the area to be cut in post processing such that the abnormality is included in the area to be cut, and
transmits the generated control information to an image forming device.

US Pat. No. 10,427,437

INK-JET PRINTER

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. An ink-jet printer, comprising:a carriage configured to move in a scanning direction;
a head including a nozzle, the head mounted on the carriage;
an encoder including:
a scale extending in the scanning direction and including a plurality of indicators formed at a predetermined interval in the scanning direction; and
a sensor mounted on the carriage, the sensor being configured to detect the indicators formed on the scale;
a memory; and
a controller configured to perform:
judging whether a recording medium is positioned at a facing area being capable of facing the carriage;
detecting an abnormal position on the scale in the scanning direction, under a condition that the controller judges that the recording medium is not positioned at the facing area, wherein detecting the abnormal position includes: moving the carriage in the scanning direction; generating abnormal-position information indicating the abnormal position on the scale, based on a result of detecting the indicators by the sensor during a movement of the carriage; and storing the abnormal-position information in the memory;
printing an image on the recording medium, under a condition that the controller judges that the recording medium is positioned at the facing area, wherein printing the image includes: controlling a velocity of the carriage based on a velocity parameter value of the carriage acquired from the result of detecting the indicators by the sensor, such that the carriage moves in the scanning direction at a first target velocity; and controlling the head to discharge a liquid from the nozzle toward the recording medium based on image data;
under a condition that the controller performs printing the image and that a detection position on the scale detected by the sensor is not same as the abnormal position in the abnormal-position information stored in the memory, comparing a velocity parameter value acquired when the sensor detects the detection position on the scale and a first threshold value corresponding to a velocity lower than the first target velocity at the time of printing the image; and
under a condition that the controller performs printing the image and that a detection position on the scale detected by the sensor is same as the abnormal position in the abnormal-position information stored in the memory, comparing a velocity parameter value acquired when the sensor detects the detection position on the scale and a second threshold value corresponding to a velocity lower than the first threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,427,435

PRINTING INDICIA INDICATING AN INTENDED LOCATION OF A FOLD LINE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A print apparatus comprising:a printing unit; and
a controller to control the printing unit to print a media sheet with at least one indicia indicating an intended location of a fold line, wherein the media sheet is to be folded along the fold line;
wherein the controller is to control the printing unit to print the at least one indicia to provide an offset gauge such that, when the media sheet is folded along a formed fold line, the indicia to provide an indication of lateral and angular offsets between the intended location of the fold line and the formed fold line; and
wherein the controller is to control the printing unit to print a registration mark to indicate a registration or mis-registration of the printing unit and the media sheet, wherein the registration mark comprises a plurality of corner markings disposed at a corner of the media sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,427,434

PRINTING MODULE REPLACEMENT CART

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A transport cart comprising:a frame having a top at one end, and a bottom at a second end, opposite said top, and at least one frame element between said top and said bottom, wherein said top, said bottom, and said frame element are separate elements of said frame;
wheels connected to said bottom of said frame, said wheels contact a surface on which said transport cart travels;
a platform connected to said frame between said top and said bottom;
a height adjuster connected to said platform, said height adjuster moves said platform along said frame in opposite directions between said bottom and said top;
an alignment stop connected to said frame between said bottom and said top, said platform contacts said alignment stop when said platform is in a loading position on said frame between said bottom and said top;
platform slots connected to said platform, said platform slots are sized and shaped to match a size and shape of linear projections of a print module; and
clamps connected to said frame at said top and said bottom, said clamps are sized and shaped to connect to connection points of a printing device,
said platform slots are positioned by said platform to be aligned with housing slots of said printing device when said clamps connect said transport cart to said printing device and when said platform contacts said alignment stop and is in said loading position,
said linear projections of said print module are held by said housing slots when said print module is mounted within said printing device,
said clamps comprising arms moving on hinges to open and close, and
said arms open and close to lock said clamps to said printing device.

US Pat. No. 10,427,433

MOBILE PRINTER NETWORKING AND INTERFACING

Zebra Technologies Corpor...

1. A method of charging a battery pack using an apparatus, the apparatus including charging circuitry, the battery pack having a charging dock interface, the method comprising:querying, via a chemistry pin of the charging circuitry, the charging dock interface of the battery pack for a predetermined signal;
determining, by the charging circuitry, whether the battery pack is a smart battery based on receiving the predetermined signal via the chemistry pin;
in response to determining that the battery pack is a smart battery:
obtaining, by the charging circuitry, a first functional charging instruction from first memory of the battery pack; and
executing, by the charging circuitry, the first functional charging instruction to charge the battery pack; and
in response to determining that the battery pack is not a smart battery:
obtaining, by the charging circuitry, a second functional charging instruction from second memory within the apparatus; and
executing, by the charging circuitry, the second functional charging instructions to charge the battery pack.

US Pat. No. 10,427,432

MEASURING DEVICE, MEASURING SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR CALIBRATING PRINTING STATIONS

KHS GmbH, Dortmund (DE)

1. An apparatus comprising a measuring device for use in calibrating a print head that prints upon containers in a rotary printing machine, said measuring device comprising a receiving device, a link, and a receiving holder, wherein said receiving device detects measurement information indicative of a value, wherein said value is selected from the group consisting of a position of a position-modifiable component of a printing station having a print head whose position is adjustable by a motor and an orientation of a position-modifiable component of a printing station having a print head whose orientation is adjustable by a motor, wherein said link is configured for transferring said measurement information from said receiving device, wherein said receiving holder is configured to introduce said receiving device into a structure that holds said receiving device at a defined position relative to said position-modifiable component, and wherein said structure is selected from the group consisting of a container-holding device and a receiving element for a container-holding device.

US Pat. No. 10,427,431

SHEET SUPPLYING APPARATUS AND PRINTING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A sheet supplying apparatus, comprising:a driving unit configured to cause a roll including a wound consecutive sheet to rotate in a first direction for feeding the sheet or a second direction opposite to the first direction;
a first sensor that detects a leading end portion of the sheet separated from an outer circumferential surface of the roll; and
a second sensor that detects the leading end portion of the sheet, the second sensor being positioned downstream of the first sensor with respect to a direction in which the sheet is fed, wherein
in a case in which the second sensor detects the leading end portion of the sheet, the driving unit causes the roll to rotate in the first direction, and
in a case in which the second sensor does not detect the leading end portion of the sheet, the driving unit causes the roll to rotate in the second direction, and when the first sensor detects the leading end portion of the sheet, the driving unit changes a rotation direction of the roll from the second direction to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,427,430

PRINTING APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A printing apparatus comprising:a first roller configured to feed a sheet;
a second roller configured to convey the sheet fed by the first roller;
a print head configured to print an image on the sheet conveyed by the second roller based on printing data;
a detection unit configured to detect an edge of the sheet; and
processor and memory configured to function as:
a control unit configured to perform a forming operation for forming an overlap state in which a leading edge of a succeeding sheet is overlapping with a preceding sheet; and
a determination unit configured to determine whether to perform a first conveyance operation for conveying the succeeding sheet to a printing start position at which printing of the succeeding sheet by the print head is started while keeping the overlap state or a second conveyance operation for conveying the succeeding sheet to the printing start position with an interval between a trailing edge of the preceding sheet and the leading edge of the succeeding sheet,
wherein the control unit controls the first roller and the second roller to perform a skew correction operation of the succeeding sheet by abutting the leading edge of the succeeding sheet against the second roller which stops before the trailing edge of the preceding sheet passes the second roller in a case in which the determination unit determines to perform the first conveyance operation.

US Pat. No. 10,427,429

METHOD FOR PROTECTING PRINTED DATA

1. Method (400) for protecting printed data on a transfer film (12) of a heat-transfer printer (100) for a plastic card (10) comprising a print head (112), the protection method (400) comprising:a first printing step (402) during which the transfer film (12) and the plastic card (10) advance simultaneously over a printing length L0 under the print head (112) and during which the print head heats according to a text to be printed,
a rewinding step (404) during which the transfer film (12) is rewound over a rewinding length L0+/?d different from the printing length L0, and during which the plastic card (10) is brought upstream of the print head (112),
a subsequent printing step (408) during which the transfer film (12) and the plastic card (10) advance simultaneously over another printing length under the print head (112) and during which the print head (112) heats according to the text to be printed, and
an ejection step (410) during which the plastic card (10) is expelled from the printer (100).