US Pat. No. 10,192,363

MATH OPERATIONS IN MIXED OR VIRTUAL REALITY

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system comprising:a mixed or virtual reality display device; and
a computing device communicatively coupled to the mixed or virtual reality display device, the computing device comprising:
one or more processors;
memory; and
one or more modules stored in the memory and executable by the one or more processors to perform operations comprising:
displaying source material via a display of the mixed or virtual reality display device;
displaying a graphical representation of an operator via the display of the mixed or virtual reality display device;
determining that a virtual line of sight from a virtual location of a user of the mixed or virtual reality display device to the source material intersects the graphical representation of the operator;
based, at least in part, on the virtual line of sight intersecting the graphical representation of the operator, displaying, via the display of the mixed or virtual reality display device, first results of at least one portion of the source material being modified by the operator;
displaying additional graphical representations of respective operators via the display of the mixed or virtual reality display device;
receiving real-time commands to direct at least one of positioning or ordering of the additional graphical representations of the respective operators to be located in new locations;
determining that the virtual line of sight to the source material intersects the additional graphical representations of the respective operators located in the new locations; and
based, at least in part, on the virtual line of sight intersecting one or more of the additional graphical representations of the respective operators, displaying, via the display of the mixed or virtual reality display device, second results of the at least one portion of the source material being modified by one or more of the respective operators.

US Pat. No. 10,192,360

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS AND INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD

Sony Interactive Entertai...

1. An information processing apparatus comprising:a real space analysis unit configured to sequentially identify, from an image of a real space taken by a camera, a positional relation between a display apparatus, a real surface in front of a flat screen of the display apparatus, a real body on the real surface to be handled by a user, and the user;
an information processing unit configured to: (i) arrange a virtual surface corresponding to the real surface and a virtual object corresponding to the real body in a virtual space created on the basis of the positional relation between the display apparatus and the real surface, and (ii) set a virtual viewpoint for the virtual surface and the virtual object by changing the virtual viewpoint in accordance with a movement of the user in all three dimensions of the real space, including laterally leftward and rightward with respect to a center of the flat screen; and
a display image generation unit configured to generate a display image by drawing the virtual surface and the virtual object seen from the virtual viewpoint and output the generated display image to the display apparatus for display on the flat screen, wherein:
the flat screen includes only a single, planar display surface and the display image is displayed on the single planar display surface,
the real surface defines a first plane in the real space and the flat screen of the display apparatus defines a second plane in the real space, where the first and second planes are orthogonal to one another,
the display image is generated in such a way that the virtual surface and the virtual object in the virtual space maintain visual continuity with the real surface and the real body in the real space, and
the identification of the positional relation, the arrangement of the virtual surface, the arrangement of the virtual object, the setting of the virtual viewpoint in accordance with the movement of the user in all three dimensions of the real space, and the output of the display image such that the virtual surface and the virtual object in the virtual space maintain visual continuity with the real surface and the real body in the real space, are repeated a plurality of times per second such that real-time changes in the appearance of the virtual surface and the virtual object appear on the flat screen as the user moves in all three dimensions of the real space, including laterally leftward and rightward with respect to a center of the flat screen.

US Pat. No. 10,192,359

SUBJECT SELECTED AUGMENTED REALITY SKIN

EMPIRE TECHNOLOGY DEVELOP...

1. A method to generate augmented image data, the method comprising:broadcasting, by a user device, a signal that includes a request to receive first image data, wherein the request indicates that an augmented reality skin is to be applied on the first image data by the user device;
in response to the signal being broadcasted, receiving, by the user device that includes a camera, the first image data from a camera of a receiving device, wherein the first image data includes a first image of a user associated with the user device that is to be displayed by the receiving device;
modifying, by the user device, one or more pixel values in the first image data based on the augmented reality skin to obtain the augmented image data, wherein the augmented image data includes an augmented first image and excludes the augmented reality skin; and
sending, by the user device, the augmented image data to the receiving device.

US Pat. No. 10,192,358

AUTO-STEREOSCOPIC AUGMENTED REALITY DISPLAY

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. An imaging structure implemented in a display device, the imaging structure comprising:a waveguide configured for see-through viewing of an environment, the waveguide further configured to transmit light of a virtual image that is generated as a near-display object to appear at a distance in the environment when the environment is viewed through the waveguide;
one or more sensors configured to provide reference data related to at least a position and an orientation of the imaging structure in the environment with respect to a real object in the environment; and
switchable diffractive elements integrated in the waveguide and configured in display zones of the display device, the display zones including vector adjustments, based in part on the reference data, to account for the position and the orientation of the imaging structure and enable the virtual image that appears at the distance in the environment to be generated with an accurate viewing angle relative to a viewing angle of the real object in the environment, the switchable diffractive elements switchable to independently activate the display zones to correct for an accurate stereopsis view of the virtual image that appears at the distance in the environment,
wherein:
one or more first display zones can be activated to provide a representation of the virtual image for a right eye of a user based on tracked pupil positions of the user, one or more second display zones can be activated to provide a different representation of the virtual image for a left eye of the user based on the tracked pupil positions of the user, and
the one or more first display zones and the one or more second display zones are determined by calculating a ray-trace bisector for each of one or more tiles of the display device relative to a current bisector eye position.

US Pat. No. 10,192,350

COMPACTING RESULTS VECTORS BETWEEN STAGES OF GRAPHICS PROCESSING

Imagination Technologies ...

1. A computer-implemented method of concurrently performing graphics computations in a computing resource comprising a plurality of single-instruction multiple-data (SIMD) computation units, the method comprising:receiving, at the computing resource, ray data for a plurality of rays to be intersection tested and shape data for a plurality of shapes against which the rays are to be tested;
performing intersection testing of rays of the plurality of rays against shapes of the plurality of shapes to generate intersection test results, wherein said performing intersection testing comprises performing a first subset of intersection tests by testing, in each of the respective SIMD computation units, a single ray with a respective different shape of the plurality of shapes; and
forming at least one packet comprising the intersection test results.

US Pat. No. 10,192,346

GENERATING UV MAPS FOR MODIFIED MESHES

Pixar, Emeryville, CA (U...

1. A computer-implemented method for generating two-dimensional (2D) panel representations of three-dimensional (3D) geometry, comprising:receiving a first 3D geometry, one or more 2D panels associated with the first 3D geometry, and a second 3D geometry, wherein the second 3D geometry is created by deforming the first 3D geometry; and
for each 2D panel of the one or more 2D panels associated with the first 3D geometry:
determining principal stretches of a mapping from the first 3D geometry to the 2D panel, wherein the principal stretches include longest and shortest stretches in transforming a plurality of triangles or polygons in the first 3D geometry to corresponding triangles or polygons in the 2D panel, and
determining a new 2D panel which corresponds to the 2D panel, wherein determining the new 2D panel includes transferring the determined principal stretches, or a function of the determined principal stretches, to a mapping from the second 3D geometry to the new 2D panel.

US Pat. No. 10,192,342

USING STAND-IN CAMERA TO DETERMINE GRID FOR RENDERING AN IMAGE FROM A VIRTUAL CAMERA

Pixar, Emeryville, CA (U...

1. A method of computer-generated animation, the method comprising:identifying a first segment of an animated scene to be rendered;
receiving a plurality of configurations of a render camera during the first segment, each configuration occurring at a different point in time during the first segment, wherein the configurations of the render camera determine one or more objects seen in images of the first segment of the animated scene;
determining a first amount based on a change in the configurations of the render camera between different points in time during the first segment;
comparing the first amount to a threshold;
when the first amount is within the threshold:
determining one or more configurations of a grid camera during the first segment based on the configurations of the render camera, the one or more configurations of the grid camera differing from the configurations of the render camera;
determining one or more first grids for rendering the first segment based on the one or more configurations of the grid camera, each respective first grid of the one or more first grids defining a respective first resolution of the one or more objects seen by the render camera; and
rendering the first segment of the animated scene based on the one or more objects viewable from a point of view of the render camera in images of the first segment and using the first resolutions defined by the one or more first grids determined using the one or more configurations of the grid camera during the first segment; and
when the first amount is outside the threshold:
determining one or more second grids based on the plurality of configurations of the render camera during the first segment, each respective second grid of the one or more second grids defining a respective second resolution of the one or more objects seen by the render camera; and
rendering the first segment of the animated scene using the second resolutions defined by the one or more second grids determined using the plurality of configurations of the render camera, wherein the method is performed by a computer system.

US Pat. No. 10,192,329

ELECTRONIC DEVICE WHICH DISPLAYS AND OUTPUTS FUNCTION FORMULA DATA, DATA OUTPUT METHOD, AND COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

9. A data output method in an electronic device including a display, the method comprising:displaying on the display a function formula of an independent variable in which a first variable is a dependent variable, and a function formula of an independent variable in which a second variable is a dependent variable;
setting a certain function formula as an output target from among the displayed function formulas according to a user operation;
determining whether or not a dependent variable other than the dependent variable of the set function formula is included in the function formula set as the output target;
when a dependent variable other than the dependent variable of the set function formula is included in the function formula set as the output target, outputting a function formula of the dependent variable other than the dependent variable of the set function formula and the function formula set as the output target to an external device by converting the function formula of the dependent variable other than the dependent variable of the set function formula and the function formula set as the output target into a 2D barcode, and displaying and outputting the 2D barcode;
accepting input list data according to a user operation;
determining whether or not a citation to the list data is included in the function formula set as the output target; and
when a citation to the list data is included in the function formula set as the output target, outputting the list data corresponding to the citation and the function formula set as the output target to the external device by converting the list data corresponding to the citation and the function formula set as the output target into a 2D barcode, and displaying and outputting the 2D barcode.

US Pat. No. 10,192,328

METHOD FOR STATISTICAL WEIGHTS DESIGN IN ITERATIVE RECONSTRUCTION ALGORITHMS

Toshiba Medical Systems C...

1. A method of computing statistical weights for a computed tomography (CT) iterative reconstruction process, the method comprising:obtaining detector count data from a CT scan of an object;
calculating variance data based on the count data and an electronic noise variance;
transforming the calculated variance data to obtain statistical weight data, wherein the transforming step includes, applying a low-pass filter to the variance data, and applying a range-compressing function to the filtered variance data to obtain the statistical weight data; and
performing the CT iterative reconstruction process using the statistical weight data and raw projection data to obtain a reconstructed CT image.

US Pat. No. 10,192,327

IMAGE COMPRESSION WITH RECURRENT NEURAL NETWORKS

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer implemented method for compressing an image, comprising:obtaining an initial input image;
processing the initial input image and subsequent input images using a neural network system until a compressed representation of the input image with target characteristics is achieved, comprising, for each of a plurality of iterations:
identifying an input image for the iteration, wherein (i) for a first iteration of the plurality of iterations the input image is the initial input image and (ii) for each iteration of the plurality of iterations other than the first iteration, the input image is a residual error image between a reconstruction of the input image generated at a preceding iteration and the initial input image;
processing the input image for the iteration through an encoder recurrent neural network to generate a compressed representation of the input image for the iteration;
processing the compressed representation of the input image for the iteration through a decoder recurrent neural network to generate a reconstruction of the input image for the iteration;
determining a residual error image between the reconstruction of the input image for the iteration and the initial input image;
determining, from at least one of the residual error image for the iteration or the compressed representation of the input image for the iteration, whether the target characteristics have been achieved; and
in response to determining that the target characteristics have been achieved, providing a compressed representation of the initial input image that comprises the compressed representation of the input image for one or more of the iterations of the plurality of iterations.

US Pat. No. 10,192,326

METHODS FOR COMPRESSING AND DECOMPRESSING DATA REPRESENTING A DIGITAL THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECT AND INFORMATION-RECORDING MEDIUM FOR RECORDING INFORMATION CONTAINING SAID DATA

1. A method comprising causing a computer system to carry out compression of data representative of a three-dimensional object, said data comprising a mesh that is formed by a plurality of planar polygons that are contiguous with each other and a texture atlas that lists textures of all polygons in said mesh, each polygon comprising vertices that are joined by edges that delimit a face of said polygon and a texture that covers said face, wherein causing said computer system to carry out compression of said data comprises causing said computer to acquire said data and causing said computer to carry out the act of simplifying said mesh, wherein simplifying said mesh comprises deleting vertices from said mesh, thereby deleting polygons and creating, in place of said deleted polygons, new polygons that have faces that are broader than those of said polygons that have been deleted, wherein deleting said vertices from said mesh comprises identifying, as a function of a predetermined criterion, vertices to be deleted from said mesh, before deleting said identified vertices, identifying, in said mesh, first and second adjacent polygons that have different textures and that also have first and second shared vertices that are joined by a shared edge, providing a third vertex that occupies the same position in space as said first shared vertex in said second polygon, providing a fourth vertex that occupies the same position in space as said second shared vertex, creating a first edge between said first vertex and said third vertex, creating a second edge between said second vertex and said fourth vertex, creating an intermediate polygon that is interposed between said first and second polygons, deleting said identified vertices and edges that join said identified vertices to other vertices of said mesh, thereby deleting polygons comprising said identified vertices and said edges, creating new edges to join vertices that have not been deleted, thereby creating new polygons, and based at least in part on textures of said deleted polygons, creating new textures for said new polygons, wherein two polygons are adjacent if said polygons have a first shared vertex and a second shared vertex that are joined together by a shared edge, wherein said first edge has zero length, and wherein said second edge and said first edge have the same length, and wherein said intermediate polygon has a surface area of zero.

US Pat. No. 10,192,320

DENTAL METHOD OF SMILE DESIGN

1. A method for improving the smile of a patient, the method comprising the steps of:making a desired photoimage of a patient's smile while creating computer datamaps of the patient's anterior teeth and associated soft tissue lip structure;
using the desired photoimage to amend the datamap of the patient's anterior teeth and then using the amended datamap to create a second photoimage of the patient's proposed smile using the amended datamap with soft tissue lip structure superimposed thereon;
making any desired adjustments to the second photoimage and using the adjusted second photoimage to further change said amended datamap;
computer aided milling a temporary prosthesis using the amended datamap;
preparing the anterior teeth of the patient;
installing the temporary prosthesis on the patient;
testing the temporary prosthesis and making any desired adjustments to the amended datamap;
making a permanent prosthesis; and
installing the permanent prosthesis.

US Pat. No. 10,192,318

TRACKING SYSTEM, TERMINAL DEVICE, CAMERA DEVICE, TRACKING IMAGING METHOD, AND PROGRAM

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A tracking system, comprising:a camera device including an imaging unit that acquires captured image data, an imaging direction adjustment unit that adjusts an imaging direction of the imaging unit, a camera-side controller that controls the imaging direction adjustment unit on the basis of target information indicating a position of a tracking target, and a camera-side communication unit that is connected to the camera-side controller; and
a terminal device including a terminal-side communication unit that is able to communicate with the camera-side communication unit, a terminal-side controller that is connected to the terminal-side communication unit, and a user interface that is connected to the terminal-side controller,
wherein at least one of the camera-side controller or the terminal-side controller performs a tracking image generation process of generating tracking image data from the captured image data,
at least one of the camera-side controller or the terminal-side controller performs a tracking calculation process of acquiring the target information on the basis of the tracking image data,
the tracking image data is data of an image including a high-resolution region with relatively higher resolution and a low-resolution region with relatively lower resolution,
in the tracking image generation process, basic tracking information including information on at least one of a size or a speed of the tracking target is acquired, the high-resolution region and the low-resolution region are determined on the basis of the basic tracking information, and the tracking image data is generated, and
the tracking image generation process and the tracking calculation process are performed in parallel.

US Pat. No. 10,192,316

MODULAR LIGHTING FIXTURE

Cree, Inc., Durham, NC (...

1. A lighting fixture comprising:a solid-state light source;
a fixture common bus configured to receive at least one functional module and provide an input signal from the at least one functional module to one or more other modules;
a driver module coupled to the fixture common bus and the solid-state light source, the driver module configured to receive a power supply signal and provide a drive signal to the solid-state light source based on a driver control signal; and
a control module coupled to the fixture common bus and configured to:
determine one or more capabilities associated with the at least one functional module; and
provide the driver control signal via the fixture common bus based on the input signal from the at least one functional module, wherein if a failure of the control module occurs, the driver module is configured to provide the driver control signal based on the input signal provided by the at least one functional module.

US Pat. No. 10,192,307

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR EXTRACTING A PERIODIC SIGNAL FROM VIDEO

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A video processing system for processing a video of a subject in a scene for patient cardiac or respiratory function assessment, the video being captured by a video imaging device, the captured video being a plurality of time-sequential image frames containing an underlying motion signal g(t) desired to be extracted from the video, the video imaging device communicating the time-sequential image frames to a video processing system comprising:a Batch Processor for receiving the time-sequential image frames and processing pixel values associated with a body region of the subject in the scene to obtain time-series signals, the pixel values being processed across the time-sequential image frames in a temporal direction;
a Signal Selector for selecting time-series signals of interest to obtain a set X+ of selected signals, wherein the time-series signals are selected by any of:
the Signal Selector receiving signal-to-noise ratios calculated by a Signal Strength Determinator, the Signal Selector selecting time-series signals of interest based on the determined signal-to-noise ratios as compared to a threshold; and
the Signal Selector selecting time-series signals of interest based on an amount of positive correlation between time-series signals;
a Signal Generator for aggregating the selected time-series signals in X+ and generating, as output to a memory, an estimated periodic signal ?(t), where ?(t) ?cg(t) and c is an amplitude scaling factor, and wherein the estimated periodic signal corresponds to one of: cardiac or respiratory function; and
a processor for retrieving the estimated periodic signal from the memory, and communicating the retrieved estimated periodic signal to a display device.

US Pat. No. 10,192,304

METHOD FOR MEASURING PATTERN WIDTH DEVIATION, AND PATTERN INSPECTION APPARATUS

NuFlare Technology, Inc.,...

1. A pattern width deviation measurement method comprising:acquiring an optical image of a plurality of figure patterns formed on a mask substrate;
generating a reference image of a region corresponding to the optical image, based on design data serving as a base for forming the plurality of figure patterns on the mask substrate;
measuring width dimensions of the plurality of figure patterns in the optical image from data of gray-scale value profiles of the optical image, using a detection threshold of a gray-scale value level which is variably set depending on design dimension information including design width dimension of a corresponding figure pattern of the plurality of figure patterns, and at which influence of a focus position on width dimension becomes smaller;
measuring width dimensions of a plurality of corresponding figure patterns in the reference image from data of gray-scale value profiles of the reference image, respectively using the detection threshold for the corresponding figure pattern of the plurality of figure patterns; and
calculating, for each of measured width dimensions of the plurality of figure patterns in the optical image, a dimension deviation amount deviated from a measured width dimension of a corresponding figure pattern in the reference image, and outputting the dimension deviation amount calculated.

US Pat. No. 10,192,297

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CREATING, STREAMING, AND RENDERING HDR IMAGES

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A user equipment (UE) for rendering a high dynamic range (HDR) image comprising:a modem configured to receive a compressed bitstream and metadata, wherein the compressed bitstream includes a first standard dynamic range (SDR) image and a second SDR image and wherein the metadata includes a plurality of blend factors corresponding to view directions;
a decoder configured to decode the compressed bitstream to generate the first SDR image and the second SDR image;
an inertial measurement unit configured to determine viewpoint information based on an orientation of the UE;
a graphics processing unit (GPU) configured to:
combine the first SDR image and the second SDR image to generate a view dependent HDR image based on the blend factors and the viewpoint information;
map the HDR image onto a surface; and
render a portion of the mapped HDR image based on the metadata and the viewpoint information; and
a display configured to display the portion of the mapped HDR image.

US Pat. No. 10,192,294

IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD FOR DISPLAY MAPPING

Sony Corporation, (JP)

1. An image processing apparatus comprising:circuitry configured to:
generate, based on metadata including luminance conversion information and a capability of a display in an output destination, second luminance conversion information for adaptation of content in a first dynamic range to the display;
process the content in the first dynamic range based on the second luminance conversion information,
in which the metadata includes a relationship between values of luminance levels before and after conversion from the first dynamic range into a second dynamic range at selected points,
in which the metadata describes the relationship in a one-dimensional table including, for each of the selected points, values of measurement of luminance levels,
in which, in the one-dimensional table for each of the selected points, the value of luminance level before conversion is expressed as a linear luminance value of the content in the first dynamic range and the value of luminance level after conversion is expressed as a linear luminance value of the content in the second dynamic range,
in which, for a first point of the selected points, the value of luminance level before conversion is a peak linear luminance value of the content in the first dynamic range and the value of luminance level after conversion is a peak linear luminance value of the content in the second dynamic range, and
in which the display has a third dynamic range different from the first and second dynamic ranges, and a peak linear luminance value of the third dynamic range is other than the peak linear luminance value of the content in the first dynamic range and the peak linear luminance value of the content in the second dynamic range; and
perform a mapping of luminance values for the display at each of the selected points, based on a mathematical relationship among the peak linear luminance value of the content in the first dynamic range, the peak linear luminance value of the content in the second dynamic range and the peak linear luminance value of the third dynamic range.

US Pat. No. 10,192,292

ACCOMMODATION-INVARIANT COMPUTATIONAL NEAR-EYE DISPLAYS

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. A display system comprising:a near-eye display;
a processor;
a memory containing a target image and an accommodation-invariant display application;
where the processor is configured by the accommodation-invariant display application to:
calculate an impulse response of the near-eye display;
calculate a compensation image by generating a deconvolved color channel of the target image using a ratio of the target image and the impulse response and inverse filtering, wherein:
the compensation image is a representation of the target image that remains in focus at a plurality of distances from the near-eye display; and
the inverse filtering is evaluated by the processor by using the following expression:

where ic is the compensation image, i is the target image, ?(x, y) is the integrated point spread function, and ?{?} is the discrete Fourier transform; and
display the compensation image on the near-eye display.

US Pat. No. 10,192,288

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR GENERATING HIGH RESOLUTION WORLDVIEW-3 IMAGES

Signal Processing, Inc., ...

1. A system for generating high resolution super-spectral images, comprising:a panchromatic (PAN) band module having an output generating a panchromatic band of 0.31 m resolution;
a Visible Near Infrared (VNIR) band module having outputs generating eight VNIR bands of 1.2 m resolution;
a Short-Wave Infrared (SWIR) band module having outputs generating eight SWIR bands of 7.5 m resolution;
a first Super-Resolution Algorithm Module (SRAM) having an output generating eight pan-sharpened VNIR bands of 0.31 m resolution by combining the outputs of the PAN band module and the VNIR band module;
a second Super-Resolution Algorithm Module (SRAM) having an output generating eight pan-sharpened SWIR bands of 0.31 m resolution by combining the outputs of the PAN band module and the SWIR band module; and
a merger module having a Hybrid Color Mapping (HCM) algorithm to merge the outputs from the first and second SRAMs in a parallel one-step approach and generate sixteen High-Resolution (HR) bands of 0.31 m resolution.

US Pat. No. 10,192,285

IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS, IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD, AND COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An information processing apparatus, comprising:a memory storing computer-readable instructions; and
a processor configured to execute the computer-readable instructions such that the processor is configured to
receive, from a scanner via a network, a first image of a sheet of paper scanned by the scanner including an image designed by a user;
perform image processing on the first image to generate, from the first image, a second image corresponding to the image designed by the user, the second image to be displayed on a display device;
determine a moving pattern to be applied to the second image based on a third image of a setup area of the sheet of paper;
apply the determined moving pattern to the second image to generate the second image moving according to the determined moving pattern; and
send the second image moving according to the determined moving pattern for display on the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,192,275

AUTOMATED REAL ESTATE VALUATION SYSTEM

1. An automated real estate valuation system for a selected specific property, comprising:a network-connected valuation computer, for automatically quantifying qualitative characteristics associated to a selected property within a specific tract of land to determine valuation, comprising a processor, a database, a memory, and programming instructions stored in the memory, the programming instructions when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
receive, from a remote access apparatus a property style, the property style comprising a plurality of input attributes associated to the selected property;
receive a plurality of connections from a plurality of remote access apparatuses;
receive, from a first remote access apparatus of the plurality of remote access apparatuses, a maximum value;
receive, from the first remote access apparatus, a plurality of primary token features associated to the selected property;
(c) receive, from the input attributes database, a plurality of property input data sets, each property input data set comprising data associated to a recently sold property of a plurality of recently sold properties disposed within the specific tract of land, wherein at least a portion of the plurality of input datasets are secondary token features sets, each secondary token feature set comprising secondary token features;
locate, in the database via a database search, at least a selected number of data records associated to the plurality of recently sold properties for each property input data set of the plurality of property input data sets compare the plurality of input attributes for the selected property to a first property input data set to find at a first matched feature within a first selected range and a second matched feature within a second selected range, and a third matched feature to be within a third selected range to form a first qualified assemblage associated to recently sold properties;
utilize from the first qualified assemblage the group of secondary token feature sets wherein each secondary token feature set is associated to a recently sold property within said first qualified assemblage, wherein each of secondary token feature sets as between each of said first qualified assemblage recently sold properties are compared on a matching feature basis, wherein matching features are removed to form a remaining group of first qualified secondary differentiated token feature sets wherein each first qualified secondary token feature set is associated with each recently sold property of the first qualified assemblage, each of a remaining collection of first qualified secondary token features are given a weight to explain differences in input data set features between the first qualified assemblage associated to recently sold properties via a valuation computation, the valuation computation comprising a random forest regression of, at least, the first qualified secondary token features to provide a unique dynamic weight associated to each recently sold property; and
determine a first calculated value associated to the selected specific property by utilizing the weights of the first qualified secondary token features that have the highest number of matching equivalents to the plurality of primary token features forming an equivalent batch portion of the first qualified weighted secondary token features that are used to adjust the third matched feature to calculate a value for the third matched feature defined as a secondary tokenized value that is applied to the third matched feature to output the first calculated value associated to the selected specific property via the valuation computation;
assign a unique index identifier for a plurality of unique token descriptive features that are each assigned a unique index identifier associated to a plurality of unique index identifiers, each unique index identifier represents numerically one or more of species of singular words and phrases, the valuation computation substitutes the plurality of unique index identifiers one for one for said first qualified secondary token features to compute a second calculated value for the selected specific property;
(e) (v) compute a weighted ranking of each genus cluster of a plurality of genus clusters based upon a number of species of singular words and phrases within each genus cluster, with a higher number of species of singular words and phrases equaling a higher weighting of each genus cluster relative to other genus clusters, of the plurality of genus clusters, the valuation computation substitutes the weighted genus clusters one for one for the first qualified secondary token features to compute a third calculated value for said selected specific property;
sending, to an interface component of the first remote access apparatus, the first, second, and third calculated values;
wherein the weights associated to the remaining collection of first qualified secondary token features are received by at least a portion of the plurality remote access apparatuses;
wherein criterion for determining if an assemblage is qualified is that there is contact of one or more token features with at least a portion of the specific tract of land;
wherein the plurality of primary token features and the plurality of secondary token feature sets are derived from text descriptions that are given in each property listing, the text descriptions are further analyzed and broken down into species of singular words and phrases, that are categorized into clusters, via k-means clustering, in a consolidated manner into the plurality of genus clusters;
wherein the input attributes database further includes a list price for the selected specific property wherein a difference is calculated as between said list price and said output calculated value for the selected specific property, wherein if the difference is less than the minimum percentage the list price is substituted for the output calculated value for the specific property, if the difference is greater than the selected percentage, the list price and the output value for the selected specific property are averaged to form a modified output value for the selected specific property.

US Pat. No. 10,192,258

METHOD AND SYSTEM OF AUGMENTED-REALITY SIMULATIONS

1. A method comprising:obtaining a digital image of an object with a digital camera;
identifying the object;
receiving a user query;
matching the user query with at least one manipulatable portion of a virtual view of the digital image of the object;
obtaining the at least one manipulatable portion from a database of manipulatable portions of the object;
integrating the at least one manipulatable portion with the virtual view of the digital image of the object, wherein a manipulatable portion comprises a region of an augmented-reality element integrated into the virtual view of the digital image of the object, and wherein the augmented-reality element comprises a hyperlink to another augmented-reality element comprising a virtual interior view of the object, wherein a user accesses the other augmented-reality element by performing a predefined user hand gesture with respect to a location of the object as a region wherein the object is represented with a computerized-user interface that corresponds to the at least one manipulatable portion; and
displaying, with a computer display, the at least one manipulable portion in the virtual view of the digital image of the object and the augmented-reality element.

US Pat. No. 10,192,242

BOOSTING AD PERFORMANCE BY IDENTIFYING HOTSPOTS

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A method comprising:by a first computing device, receiving, from a second computing device, a message comprising status data;
by the first computing device, determining, based at least on the status data, that a geographic area is a hotspot, wherein mobile users in a hotspot have a high probability of accessing an application on their mobile computing devices;
by the first computing device, sending, to a third-party computing device, an indication that the geographic area is a hotspot, wherein the indication is used by the third-party computing device to determine a value for delivery of content to computing devices associated with the geographic area;
validating the determination that the geographic area is a hotspot; and
sending, to the third-party computing device, an indication that the geographic area is not a hotspot if the validation fails.

US Pat. No. 10,192,216

CLOUD-BASED VIRTUAL WALLET NFC APPARATUSES, METHODS AND SYSTEMS

Visa International Servic...

1. A cloud-based virtual wallet secure transaction processor-implemented method, comprising:receiving, by a merchant computer, a purchase payment request from a consumer device in a transaction;
obtaining, by the merchant computer, transaction details including a payment amount from the purchase payment request;
determining, by the merchant computer, that a transaction bounding token is required to process the purchase payment request;
determining, by the merchant computer, a transaction bounding token type;
querying, by the merchant computer, a security digital certificate database for a token generation certificate based on the purchase payment request and the transaction bounding token type;
receiving, by the merchant computer, the token generation certificate;
transmitting, by the merchant computer, a transaction bounding token request including the token generation certificate and the transaction details to a third-party server, which determines that the token generation certificate matches a stored token generation certificate, and then generates the transaction bounding token;
receiving, by the merchant computer, the transaction bounding token from the third-party server, after the third-party server determines that the token generation certificate matches the stored token generation certificate;
providing, by the merchant computer, the transaction bounding token to a transaction security server in a transaction authorization request to process a payment for the transaction, wherein the transaction security server determines whether or not the transaction bounding token is valid for the transaction; and
receiving, by the merchant computer, a transaction authorization response indicating whether the transaction is approved or declined, wherein the method
further comprises:
signing, by the merchant computer, using a cryptographic key, a concatenated string comprising a merchant ID, a transaction amount, a consumer identifier, and a time of the transaction to form an encrypted string, wherein the encrypted string is included in the transaction token bounding request, and wherein the third-party server decrypts the encrypted string and generates the transaction bounding token based upon the decrypted encrypted string.

US Pat. No. 10,192,056

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AUTHENTICATING WHOLE DISK ENCRYPTION SYSTEMS

Symantec Corporation, Mo...

1. A computer-implemented method for authenticating whole disk encryption systems, at least a portion of the method being performed by a computing device comprising at least one processor, the method comprising:detecting, by the computing device, an attempt to initiate a boot process on the computing device;
verifying, by the computing device, an initial decryption key;
decrypting, by the computing device, an initial set of software required to boot crucial functions of the computing device using the initial decryption key;
detecting, by the computing device, a secondary device running an authentication application;
receiving, by the computing device, a second decryption key from the authentication application on the secondary device; and
completing the boot process on the computing device based on a security policy associated with the second decryption key.

US Pat. No. 10,192,021

GENERATING AND INSERTING METAL AND METAL ETCH SHAPES IN A LAYOUT TO CORRECT DESIGN RULE ERRORS

CADENCE DESIGN SYSTEMS, I...

1. A method for implementing an integrated circuit design using a design tool, the method comprising:identifying, using the design tool, a plurality of shapes in a post-placement layout of the integrated circuit design;
determining, using the design tool, a legal area for a trim shape for the identified plurality of shapes based on analysis of one or more design constraints for implementing the integrated circuit design, wherein the legal area is a contiguous area adjacent to certain of the identified plurality of shapes that are aligned in at least two different tracks in a single mask of the integrated circuit design; and
creating, using the design tool, the trim shape within the legal area and updating the integrated circuit design by adding the created trim shape to the post-placement layout of the integrated circuit design.

US Pat. No. 10,192,017

DRIFT COMPENSATION

1. A method associated with an electric circuit manufactured in accordance with a predefined electric circuit design and defining a frequency response between an input signal and an output signal in a frequency range, the method comprising:ii) defining, based on measurements on a test lot of other electric circuits also manufactured in accordance with the electric circuit design, a design-specific model for the electric circuit design, the design-specific model describing a frequency response of the electric circuit design in dependence of at least one parameter affecting operation of the electric circuit design; and
for the electric circuit:
iii-1) obtaining a unit-specific frequency response as a frequency response for the electric circuit measured at a certain value of the at least one parameter;
iii-2) fitting the design-specific model at said certain value of the at least one parameter to said unit-specific frequency response, whereby a unit-specific model for the electric circuit is obtained describing a frequency response for the electric circuit in dependence of the at least one parameter; and
iii-3) storing, in association with the electric circuit, data representing the unit-specific model such that the electric circuit is operable in conjunction with a compensation stage, which is configured to retrieve said data representing the unit-specific model, determine a present value of the at least one parameter and, based on said present value and said unit-specific model, compensate a deviation between a frequency response of said electric circuit and a reference frequency response, wherein the reference frequency response is independent of the at least one parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,192,013

TEST LOGIC AT REGISTER TRANSFER LEVEL IN AN INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DESIGN

Cadence Design Systems, I...

1. A method comprising:accessing, using one or more processors of a computing device, an integrated circuit design at register transfer level (RTL), the integrated circuit design at the RTL having a tree structure hierarchy organizing a plurality of RTL modules in the integrated circuit design at the RTL, wherein the plurality of RTL modules includes a root level RTL module at a root level of the tree structure hierarchy and a plurality of leaf level modules at a first leaf level of the tree structure hierarchy;
adding, using the one or more processors, design for test logic at the RTL into the integrated circuit design at the RTL, the design for test logic at the RTL including a port that connects to a hierarchical reference with a hierarchical path in the tree structure hierarchy to a part of the integrated circuit design at the RTL; and
performing, using the one or more processors, logic equivalent checking of at least one of:
the integrated circuit design at the RTL prior to the adding the design for test logic at the RTL into the integrated circuit design at the RTL;
the integrated circuit design at netlist level after the adding the design for test logic at netlist level; or
the integrated circuit design at the RTL after the adding the design for test logic at the RTL into the integrated circuit design at the RTL.

US Pat. No. 10,192,012

PSEUDO-INVERTER CONFIGURATION FOR SIGNAL ELECTROMIGRATION ANALYSIS

1. A computer-implemented method for determining a signal electromigration effect in a circuit, comprising:obtaining, with a circuit design tool, a partition netlist from a partition of an integrated circuit netlist, the partition netlist comprising an identification of a plurality of circuit components;
identifying, with a characterization tool, a reference netlist that couples a first input of the partition netlist with an output of the partition netlist;
identifying, with the characterization tool, a complementary netlist that couples a second input of the partition netlist with the output of the partition netlist, wherein the complementary netlist is logically independent from the reference netlist;
modifying the partition netlist to couple the reference netlist and the complementary netlist in an inverting configuration wherein the output of the partition netlist is a same output when the first input is a logical inverse of the second input;
providing an electromagnetic pulse to at least one of the first input or the second input of the partition netlist to induce a current through one of the plurality of circuit components; and
determining an electromigration effect from the current on the one of the plurality of circuit components.

US Pat. No. 10,191,999

TRANSFERRING INFORMATION ACROSS LANGUAGE UNDERSTANDING MODEL DOMAINS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A computer-implemented method of expanding slot coverage for a domain-specific natural language understanding (“NLU”) system, the method comprising:accessing a plurality of queries from labeled training data for a classifier used to recognize an intent within the domain-specific NLU, wherein the intent is associated with a slot of the domain-specific NLU;
identifying a plurality of entities that occur in the slot of the domain-specific NLU within the plurality of queries;
extracting, from a knowledge graph, a graph type for each of the plurality of entities to generate a plurality of candidate graph types for the slot of the domain-specific NLU, the candidate graph types comprising at least one compatible entity that is eligible for pairing with the recognized intent of the domain-specific NLU;
calculating a correlation score for each graph type in the plurality of candidate graph types for pairing the at least one compatible entity with the recognized intent of the domain-specific NLU;
assigning an individual graph type having the highest correlation score as the graph type the domain-specific NLU slot can accept;
expanding slot coverage for the domain-specific NLU by validating the pairing of the at least one compatible entity associated with the assigned individual graph type with the recognized intent of the domain-specific NLU; and
utilizing the validated pairing of the compatible entity and the recognized intent to interpret a natural language input of a query.

US Pat. No. 10,191,996

RULES DRIVEN PAN ID METADATA ROUTING SYSTEM AND NETWORK

Digimarc Corporation, Be...

1. A system for providing metadata responses for an audio or image signal in response to a requesting device, the system comprising:a first fingerprint database comprising at least one computer configured to receive an electronic version of the audio or image signal for registering a fingerprint in the first fingerprint database as a registered fingerprint linked to a first content ID;
a first fingerprint calculator comprising a programmed computer, the first fingerprint calculator in communication with the first fingerprint database, the first fingerprint calculator configured to receive the electronic version and calculate the registered fingerprint of the electronic version and provide the registered fingerprint to the first fingerprint database, the registered fingerprint comprising registered sub-fingerprints taken from portions of the electronic version, the registered sub-fingerprints linking to the first content ID;
the first fingerprint database configured to receive sub-fingerprints extracted from an audio or image signal sensed from a mobile device sensor of the requesting device, the first fingerprint database configured to obtain the first content ID corresponding to the registered sub-fingerprints matching the extracted sub-fingerprints;
an ID resolver comprising a programmed computer configured to receive the first content ID and determine at least a first metadata response corresponding to the first content ID, the ID resolver further configured with plural different handlers to process corresponding digital codes extracted from the audio or image signal and provide metadata responses for content IDs in the digital codes, wherein a first handler of the plural handlers is configured to receive a second content ID from the requesting device and determine at least a second metadata response corresponding to the second content ID, the second content ID being obtained from a first digital code extracted from the audio or image signal sensed from the mobile device sensor;
a rules processor comprising a programmed computer configured to process rules associated with the first and second content IDs, and determine priority of the first and second metadata responses to be provided to the requesting device, wherein the rules processor is configured to determine priority of the first and second metadata responses based on priority of the first and second content IDs;
plural different registration interfaces for registering different content ID types for the audio or image signal; and wherein the rules processor is configured to determine priority of metadata response among the different content ID types; and
a response aggregator comprising a programmed computer configured to form a metadata response from the first and second metadata responses based on output of the rules processor, and configured to provide an aggregated metadata response for presentation on the requesting device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,991

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING A SEARCH INTENT

Doat Media Ltd., Tel Avi...

1. A method for determining a search intent of a user submitting a search query, comprising:tokenizing the search query into at least one tokenized query, wherein the tokenizing further comprises creating a plurality of tokens based on the search query and arranging the created tokens based on a graph of connections between entities;
transmitting, to a plurality of engines, the at least one tokenized query, wherein each engine is configured with at least one entity, wherein each entity represents a topic of interest;
receiving, from each of at least two engines of the plurality of engines, the at least one entity of the engine and at least one certainty score, wherein each certainty score indicates a probability that a tokenized query of the at least one tokenized query is mapped to the at least one entity of the engine;
determining, based on the received entities and their associated certainty scores, the search intent of the user; and
supplying the determined search intent of the user to a search server for use in developing search results for the user submitted search query.

US Pat. No. 10,191,990

CONTENT RECOMMENDATION SYSTEM WITH WEIGHTED METADATA ANNOTATIONS

Comcast Cable Communicati...

1. A method, implemented by one or more computing devices, comprising:receiving a first input indicating a first content item;
receiving a second input indicating a threshold applicability score;
receiving a first set of metadata tags associated with the first content item;
determining applicability scores for the first set of metadata tags;
determining that an applicability score for a first metadata tag, of the first set of metadata tags, satisfies the threshold applicability score;
receiving user feedback data relating to the first metadata tag of the first set of meta data tags and the first content item;
adjusting the applicability score for the first metadata tag, of the first set of metadata tags, based on the received feedback data;
comparing the adjusted applicability score for the first metadata tag, of the first set of metadata tags, to the threshold applicability score; and
modifying a metadata field of the first content item to remove the first metadata tag based on the comparing the adjusted applicability score to the threshold applicability score.

US Pat. No. 10,191,989

COMPUTATION OF PEER COMPANY GROUPS BASED ON POSITION TRANSITION DATA IN A SOCIAL NETWORKING SERVICE

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system comprising:a non-transitory computer-readable medium having instructions stored thereon, which, when executed by a processor, cause the system to:
determine a granularity of company similarity, wherein the granularity of company similarity is a level at which social networking data should be filtered to identify companies similar to a target company;
construct a weighted graph of companies at the granularity of company similarity, wherein each node in the weighted graph is a company and a directed edge exists in the weighted graph between a first node and a second node if the social networking data, at the granularity of company similarity, indicates that a transition occurred wherein a member who held a position at a company corresponding to the first node transitioned to a position at a company corresponding to the second node, wherein each directed edge contains a weight indicating a strength of relationship between nodes; and
traverse the weighted graph of locations from a node corresponding to the target company in order to identify companies similar to the target company, wherein the traversing including finding a node corresponding to the target company and following edges for any edge having a weight greater than a threshold value to find a similar company at another end of the followed edge;
retrieve, from an external data source, one or more confidential data values having been entered on screens of a first set of one or more graphical user interfaces and encrypted on the external data source, the one or more confidential data values having attributes matching the identified companies similar to the target company; and
present information corresponding to the retrieved one or more confidential data values in a second set of one or more graphical user interfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,191,963

PREFETCHING ANALYTIC RESULTS ACROSS MULTIPLE LEVELS OF DATA

Oracle International Corp...

1. A method comprising:receiving from an application layer, a first request to view a summary of a multidimensional dataset;
wherein the first request to view the summary of the multidimensional data set targets a first level of a particular dimension in the multidimensional dataset;
in response to receiving the first request to view the summary of the multidimensional dataset:
determining a pre-fetch range that identities how many levels of analytic results to pre-fetch along the particular dimension of the multidimensional dataset;
performing, for the first level of the particular dimension and one or more levels that are within the pre-fetch range of the first level of the particular dimension, at least one analytical operation;
returning, to the application layer, a first analytic result of the at least one analytical operation for the first level of the particular dimension; and
storing, in a cache, a respective analytic result of the at least one analytical operation for each respective level of the one or more levels;
wherein the respective analytic result of the at least one analytical operation for each respective level of the one or more levels is not required to view the summary of the multidimensional dataset;
receiving a second request to navigate to a second level of the particular dimension that is within the pre-fetch range of the first level of the particular dimension;
in response to receiving the second request:
retrieving, from the cache, a second analytical result of the at least one analytical operation for the second level of the particular dimension; and
returning, to the application layer, the second analytical result of the at least one analytical operation for the second level of the particular dimension.

US Pat. No. 10,191,955

DETECTION AND VISUALIZATION OF SCHEMA-LESS DATA

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A computer-implemented method for automatically optimizing a display of heterogeneous textual data that is being displayed in a user interface comprising a schema-less table, the method comprising:displaying, on a screen of a computer system implementing the method, the schema-less table comprising the heterogeneous textual data in a first format, wherein the first format of the schema-less table includes a number of columns and a number of rows;
for each particular row in the schema-less table, identifying a corresponding group of columns associated with each particular row, wherein:
the corresponding group of columns associated with each particular row is less than the number of columns in the schema-less table, and
determining whether a particular column is associated with a particular row is dependent on a presence or absence of a cell value for a common cell that is common between the particular column and the particular row, the presence of the cell value in the common cell indicates that the particular column is associated with the particular column is not associated with the particular row;
automatically designating an entity type for each row in the schema-less table, wherein determining which entity type is designated for each row is based on the identified associations between the columns and the rows such that any rows associated with a same set of columns are designated as being of a same entity type;
monitoring the schema-less table, including any rows included within the schema-less table, to detect user selection of a first-entity-type row in the schema-less table, the first-entity-type row having been automatically designated as belonging to a first entity type;
in response to the user selection of the first-entity-type row, automatically rearranging the schema-less table, by one or more processors of the computer system, to display the first-entity-type row and any other rows designated as being of the first entity type in a compressed format so that cell values for at least a majority of cells included within the first-entity-type row and the other rows designated as being of the first entity type are viewable on the computer system's screen by a user of the computer system, the compressed format being a format where blank columns are collapsed such that blank columns are refrained from being displayed; and
automatically returning the schema-less table, by the one or more processors, to the first format when one or more rows are no longer selected.

US Pat. No. 10,191,919

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PRESENTING POINT OF INTEREST CHANGES

HERE GLOBAL B.V., Veldho...

1. A method for presenting one or more visual representations for conveying information about at least one point-of-interest change, the method comprising:receiving status information associated with one or more points of interest from one or more public permit databases, wherein the status information indicates at least one of an ownership change, a corporate information change, a closing or opening status change other than a change in business hours and/or hours of operation, or a combination thereof;
determining, by at least one processor based at least in part on the status information, one or more point-of-interest changes, one or more transitions between the one or more point-of-interest changes, or a combination thereof,
wherein the one or more point-of-interest changes and/or transitions include, at least in part, one or more location changes, one or more type changes, one or more operational state changes, or a combination thereof associated with at least one of the one or more points of interest;
causing, at least in part, a generation of one or more representation objects associated with the one or more point-of-interest changes and/or transitions;
causing, at least in part, a mapping of the one or more point-of-interest changes and/or transitions to one or more mapped visual representations based on the status information and the one or more representation objects,
wherein the one or more mapped visual representations include a color change, a transparency change, a scale change, an additional text, one or more icons, a distortion, an animation, or a combination thereof that are based on the one or more of the ownership change, the corporate information change, the closing or opening status change of the one or more points of interest, or a combination thereof, and
causing, at least in part, a presentation on at least one point-of-interest user interface of the one or more mapped visual representations regarding the at least one point-of-interest change associated with the at least one of the one or more points of interest which is undergoing changes or had undergone recent development.

US Pat. No. 10,191,895

ADAPTIVE MODIFICATION OF CONTENT PRESENTED IN ELECTRONIC FORMS

Adobe Systems Incorporate...

1. A method for adaptively modifying interactive content provided over a network via electronic forms, wherein the method includes one or more processing devices performing operations comprising:transmitting, via a data network and to a first plurality of clients, a first plurality of messages that provide electronic access to a first version of an electronic form, wherein the first version of the electronic form includes first form content with a field configured for receiving narrative content;
receiving, via the first version of the electronic form and from the first plurality of clients, first responsive client communications;
dynamically generating a second version of the electronic form that omits or replaces the first form content associated with a first data category and maintains a second form content associated with a second data category, wherein dynamically generating the second version of the electronic form comprises:
(i) determining that fewer than a threshold number of the first responsive client communications includes data for the field configured for receiving narrative content,
(ii) responsive to determining that fewer than the threshold number of the first responsive client communications includes the data for the field configured for receiving narrative content, determining that the second version of the electronic form includes a field restricted to receiving a discrete value from a specified set of values, wherein the field configured for receiving narrative content and the field restricted to receiving the discrete value from the specified set of values are used for obtaining data in a common data category, and
(iii) selecting the second version of the electronic form based on the second version of the electronic form having the field restricted to receiving the discrete value from the specified set of values rather than the field configured for receiving narrative content; and
transmitting, via the data network and to a second plurality of clients, a second plurality of messages that provide electronic access to the second version of the electronic form.

US Pat. No. 10,191,873

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR POWER REDUCTION FOR DATA MOVEMENT

Advanced Micro Devices, I...

1. A method in a device, of transferring data including:determining by a controller a first difference between a first transferred data segment and a first data segment to be transferred of a plurality of data segments to be transferred;
determining by the controller a second difference between the first transferred data segment and a second data segment to be transferred of the plurality of data segments to be transferred, the second data segment being separate from the first data segment;
determining by the controller an ordered second data segment based on the first difference and the second difference to re-create an order of the ordered second data segment relative to the first data segment, the ordered second data segment being the data segment to be transferred having the smallest difference relative to the first transferred data segment; and
transmitting by the transmitter the ordered second data segment as the next data segment of the plurality of data segments to be transferred that is transferred after transfer of the first data segment.

US Pat. No. 10,191,871

SAFE DOUBLE BUFFERING USING DMA SAFE LINKED LISTS

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A Direct Memory Access (DMA) controller, comprising:a set of transaction control registers configured to receive a sequence of transaction control sets which are arranged in a linked list and which collectively describe a data transfer by which the DMA controller is to move data, wherein the data transfer is to move the data from a peripheral and alternatingly to a first memory buffer and a second memory buffer, the first and second memory buffers being arranged in parallel with one another at an interface of the peripheral; and
wherein the DMA controller is configured to transfer a first portion of the data from the peripheral to the first memory buffer according to a first transaction control set in the sequence, and is configured to subsequently transfer a second portion of the data from the peripheral to the second memory buffer according to a second transaction control set in the sequence; and
an integrity checker configured to determine an actual error detection code based on the first and/or second portions of the data or an address actually processed by the DMA controller during execution of the first and/or second transaction control sets, the integrity checker being further configured to selectively flag an error based on whether the actual error detection code is the same as an expected error detection code contained in a third transaction control set in the sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,191,865

CONSOLIDATING WRITE TRANSACTIONS FOR A NETWORK DEVICE

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A network device comprising:a network interface operable to send and receive a packet;
a bus interface operable to send and receive bus traffic on a bus; and
processing logic coupled to the bus interface and the network interface, wherein the processing logic is operable to:
store information associated with the packet in a queue;
mask interrupts for the network device;
send an interrupt to a host processor to notify the host processor of completion of packet processing;
receive, by the bus interface, a Memory-Mapped Input/Output (MMIO) write transaction that includes an update for a pointer associated with a completion queue and an interrupt unmasking value;
update the pointer associated with the completion queue; and unmask the interrupts for the network device based on the MMIO write transaction.

US Pat. No. 10,191,539

USER AWARE ODOMETRY CORRECTION TECHNOLOGY

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A system comprising:a display;
a camera;
wireless interface circuitry;
a battery;
a housing including a wearable form factor;
one or more drift detectors to generate one or more first signals;
a perception monitor to generate one or more second signals;
one or more processors;
memory; and
one or more storage devices to store instructions, which when executed by at least one of the one or more processors, cause the system to:
detect a pose drift condition with respect to the display based on at least one of the one or more first signals;
detect a reduced perception state with respect to a wearer of the display based on at least one of the one or more second signals; and
trigger a correction of the pose drift condition during the reduced perception state that is to include a selection of a pre-assigned value based on a perception tolerance in the reduced perception state and an application of the pre-assigned value to the display.

US Pat. No. 10,191,535

REDUCED ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN A COMPUTER SYSTEM THROUGH SOFTWARE AND HARDWARE COORDINATED CONTROL OF MULTIPLE POWER SUPPLIES

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A computing system, comprising:a standby power supply electrically coupled to a sensor, wherein the sensor is configured to produce a sensor signal based on an output from the standby power supply during a standby mode of the computing system; and
a controller electrically coupled to the sensor, wherein the controller is configured to:
receive the sensor signal from the sensor,
when the sensor signal indicates that the output has reached or exceeded an output threshold, enable a main power supply to provide power to an external load removably attached to the computing system, and
determine whether the external, removably attached load is a memory device and provide an enable signal to the main power supply when the memory device has a capacity that is equal to or greater than a memory threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,191,532

CONFIGURING POWER MANAGEMENT FUNCTIONALITY IN A PROCESSOR

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A system comprising:a plurality of processors;
a processor interconnect to communicatively couple two or more of the plurality of processors;
a system memory comprising a dynamic random access memory communicatively coupled to one or more of the plurality of processors over a memory interconnect;
at least one of the plurality of processors comprising:
a plurality of cores formed on a single semiconductor die, a core of the plurality of cores to execute one or more threads;
the core of the plurality of cores comprising a fetch unit to fetch instructions from an instruction cache, a decode unit to decode the instructions and a plurality of execution units to perform out-of-order execution of the instructions;
one or more control registers to store a first indication that two or more cores of the plurality of cores are to operate at independent performance states comprising active power states in which the two or more cores are to operate at different frequencies and a second indication that a first set of cores are to operate at a common performance state comprising an active power state in which the first set of cores are to operate at a common frequency;
a plurality of voltage regulators formed on the single semiconductor die, a voltage regulator of the plurality of voltage regulators associated with one of the plurality of cores;
a power controller formed on the single semiconductor die, the power controller to control the plurality of voltage regulators to provide a voltage and/or frequency to a first core of the plurality of cores independently of a voltage and/or frequency to one or more other cores and to determine whether to update the voltage and/or frequency of the first core based on a workload of the first core, thermal constraints, and activity counters; and
at least one additional voltage regulator formed on the single semiconductor die and associated with processor circuitry external to the plurality of cores, the at least one additional voltage regulator to allow the processor circuitry external to the plurality of cores to operate at a different voltage and/or frequency than one or more cores of the plurality of cores.

US Pat. No. 10,191,531

HYBRID CONVERTER SYSTEM

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A voltage converter, comprising:a first set of silicon (Si)-based power devices coupled to a first direct current (DC) voltage source;
a second set of Si-based power devices coupled to a second DC voltage source;
a first set of silicon-carbide (SiC)-based power devices coupled to the first set of Si-based power devices and to the second set of Si-based power devices, wherein each SiC-based power device of the first set of SiC-based power devices is configured to switch at a higher frequency as compared to each Si-based power device of the first and second sets of the Si-based power electronic devices;wherein Si-based power devices in the voltage converter are twice that of SiC-based power devices in the voltage converter;wherein the voltage converter further comprises:a capacitor coupled to across the first set of SiC-based power devices;
wherein the first set of SiC-based power devices is connected across a first output terminal of the first set of Si-based power devices and a second output terminal of the second set of Si-based power devices; and
wherein the first and second output terminals of the first and second sets of Si-based power devices are obtained at interconnection points of Si-based power devices in the first and second sets respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,191,255

FOUR-ELEMENT ATHERMAL LENS

OmniVision Technologies, ...

1. A four-element athermal lens comprising: four coaxially aligned lenses including a (i) first lens and, in order of increasing distance therefrom and on a same side thereof, (ii) a second lens, a third lens, and a fourth lens;the first lens and the second lens being negative lenses,
the third lens and the fourth lens being positive lenses,
the first lens, second lens, third lens, and fourth lens having respective refractive indices n1, n2, n3, and n4, each satisfying n=1.51±0.05 in a free-space wavelength range between 830 nm and 870 nm,
refractive indices n1, n2, n3, and n4 having respective temperature dependences
each ofexciding, in the free-space wavelength range, each ofby a factor between 2.05 and 2.85, inclusive.

US Pat. No. 10,191,246

ZOOM LENS AND IMAGING APPARATUS

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A zoom lens consisting of, in order from an object side:a first lens group that has a positive refractive power;
a second lens group that has a negative refractive power;
a third lens group that has a positive refractive power;
a fourth lens group that has a negative refractive power; and
a fifth lens group that has a positive refractive power,
wherein all intervals between the lens groups adjacent to each other change during zooming,
wherein an aperture diaphragm is disposed between a surface of the second lens group closest to an image side and a surface of the fourth lens group closest to the object side,
wherein the first lens group and the fifth lens group each consist of two or less lenses,
wherein a lens of the second lens group closest to the object side is a meniscus lens which has a negative refractive power and of which an object side surface has a convex shape,
wherein a lens of the fourth lens group closest to the image side is a meniscus lens which has a negative refractive power and of which an image side surface has a convex shape, and
wherein the following conditional expression (3) is satisfied,
?0.35 where f4 is a focal length of the fourth lens group, and
f1 is a focal length of the first lens group.

US Pat. No. 10,191,235

LENS MEMBER, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, COMMUNICATION MODULE, LENS ARRAY, AND LIGHT-SOURCE MODULE

MAXELL, LTD., Otokuni (J...

1. A lens member to be surface-mounted to a substrate, the lens member comprising:a glass lens that has been previously made; and
a mounting portion which, with the glass lens disposed inside, is in a state where a resin material different from the glass lens has been formed into a polygonal column surrounded by a plurality of planes,
wherein:
when the mounting portion having the glass lens is surface-mounted onto the substrate, one of the planes of the mounting portion is used as an attachment face located on a mounting face of the substrate, anda pair of mutually parallel planes are disposed on the mounting portion in a direction orthogonal to an optical axis of the glass lens, and when a thickness of the glass lens in the optical axis direction is D and a distance between the pair of planes in the optical axis direction orthogonal to the optical axis of the glass lens of the mounting portion is T, D and T satisfy the following condition:0.2D ?T ?2.0D.

US Pat. No. 10,191,229

PLUGGABLE MECHANISM OF OPTICAL TRANSCEIVER

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. An optical transceiver that electrically communicates with a host system by being engaged with and disengaged from a cage provided in the host system, the optical transceiver comprising:a housing providing an optical receptacle in one end and an electrical plug in another end thereof, the optical receptacle receiving an optical connector therein, the electrical plug to be engaged with the cage and
a slider movable between a first position and a second position along a direction connecting the optical receptacle with the electrical plug, the slider having a composite opening assembled with both of a bail and a pull-tab, alternatively; and
wherein the composite opening includes a curved opening and a square opening,
wherein the bail provides a hook engaged with the curved opening in the slider; the hook causing a motion of the slider to be movable between the first position and the second position by sliding within the curved opening synchronizing with a rotation of the bail in front of the optical receptacle, and
wherein the pull-tab provides a tab engaged with the square opening of the slider, the tab causing the motion of the slider to be movable between the first position and the second position synchronizing with a linear motion of the pull-tab.

US Pat. No. 10,191,226

CYLINDRICAL OPTICAL FERRULE ALIGNMENT APPARATUS

CommScope, Inc. of North ...

1. A device comprising:a housing including a first port for receiving a first connector;
a ferrule alignment sleeve attached to said housing, wherein said sleeve extends in a longitudinal direction and forms an inner, generally tubular area;
a first rim formed around a first opening at one end of said generally tubular area to receive an end of a first ferrule of the first connector, such that the first ferrule engages said inner, generally tubular area as the first ferrule is inserted into said sleeve;
a first tab adjacent said first rim and projecting away from said first rim and said generally tubular area to interact with a feature attached to the first ferrule to angularly align the first ferrule within said generally tubular area; and
a second tab adjacent said first rim and projecting away from said first rim and said tubular area, wherein said second tab is spaced a predetermined distance away from said first tab.

US Pat. No. 10,191,198

DISPLAY APPARATUS INCLUDING DIRECTIONAL BACKLIGHT UNIT AND METHOD OF ASSEMBLING THE DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a switch panel;
a backlight comprising:
a light source,
a light-guide plate configured to guide light from the light source through total internal reflection,
an array of diffraction lattice elements provided on an upper surface of the light-guide plate and configured to output the light from the light source to the switch panel through the upper surface of the light guide plate, and
an input coupler provided on a side surface of the light-guide plate, configured to input the light from the light source to the light-guide plate, and fixed to the light-guide plate so as to provide the light from the light source to the switch panel; and
an auxiliary structure coupled to the input coupler and the switch panel so as to fix the switch panel to the backlight.

US Pat. No. 10,191,197

BACKLIGHT MODULE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A backlight module, comprising:a light-guiding plate;
a light bar arranged at a light incident side of the light-guiding plate; and
a light beam processing device arranged at an outside of the light-guiding plate to collect light beams not entered into the light-guiding plate, and configured to transmit the collected light beams to a light compensation position to emit the collected light beams into the light-guiding plate,
wherein the light beam processing device comprises a plurality of optical fibers, and each of the plurality of optical fibers comprises a light incident end, an optical fiber body and a light-exiting end.

US Pat. No. 10,191,154

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR TIME-OF-FLIGHT IMAGING

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method comprising:(a) emitting amplitude-modulated light that illuminates a scene and varying modulation frequency of the light in a sweep of modulation frequency that includes three or more modulation frequencies;
(b) applying an electrical reference signal to a set of pixels in a camera and varying frequency of the reference signal in such a way that frequency of the reference signal is equal to modulation frequency of the light at each of the modulation frequencies of the sweep; and
(c) for each respective pixel in the set of pixels
(i) outputting a vector of cross-correlations measured by the respective pixel at different modulation frequencies during the sweep, in such a way that, for each given modulation frequency in the sweep, the vector includes a measured cross-correlation of the reference signal and of a signal comprising reflected light, which reflected light is at the given modulation frequency and is incident on the respective pixel after reflecting from the scene,
(ii) performing spectral analysis of a discrete-valued signal encoded by the vector, which spectral analysis computes a dual frequency of the discrete-valued signal, and
(iii) calculating, based on the dual frequency
(A) optical path length of a path along which light travels to the respective pixel, or
(B) depth of a scene point that corresponds to the respective pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,191,132

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MULTI-SLICE IMAGING OF T2-RELAXATION TIME

BETH ISRAEL DEACONESS MED...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) method comprising:performing a first image acquisition module of a pulse sequence to acquire a first MR data from slices disposed at different locations in a region of interest (ROI) of an object, by applying, to each of the slices, a slice-selective magnetization preparation module and an imaging module, the slice-selective magnetization preparation module being executed with a first T2 preparation time having a first time echo;
performing a second image acquisition module of the pulse sequence, to acquire a second MR data from the slices disposed at the different locations of the ROI, by applying, to each of the slices, the slice-selective magnetization preparation module and the imaging module, the slice-selective magnetization preparation module being executed with a second T2 preparation time having a second time echo different from the first time echo;
generating a T2 map based on the first MR data and the second MR data; and
displaying the T2 map as a viewable medical image of the ROI.

US Pat. No. 10,191,129

OPERATING A MAGNETIC RESONANCE TOMOGRAPH

1. A method for operating a magnetic resonance tomograph having at least one receiving antenna, at least one converter device for analog/digital conversion, and a programmable computing device, the method comprising:generating, by the at least one converter device, digital measured values, the generating comprising digitizing an analog reception signal from the at least one receiving antenna, at least one analog signal derived from the analog reception signal, or a combination thereof;
adding, by a time-coding device, an item of time information that describes a recording time of the digital measured values to each of the digital measured values or to groups of digital measured values comprising a plurality of the digital measured values in order to generate a time-coded data stream; and
further processing, by the programmable computing device, the time-coded data stream.

US Pat. No. 10,191,122

PARAMETER IDENTIFICATION CIRCUIT, METHOD AND POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM APPLYING THE SAME

Silergy Semiconductor Tec...

1. A parameter identification circuit for a digital power converter having an inductor and a capacitor, the parameter identification circuit comprising:a) an inductor parameter circuit configured to receive an inductor current of said inductor, a capacitor voltage of said capacitor, a duty cycle in a start-up stage, and a predetermined inductor current, wherein said inductor parameter circuit is configured to obtain an inductor parameter according to an integrated value of said capacitor voltage, an integrated value of said duty cycle in said start-up stage, and said predetermined inductor current, when said inductor current rises to a level of said predetermined inductor current;
b) a capacitor parameter circuit configured to receive said inductor current, said capacitor voltage, and a predetermined capacitor voltage, wherein said capacitor parameter circuit is configured to obtain a capacitor parameter according to an integrated value of said inductor current and said predetermined capacitor voltage when said capacitor voltage rises to a level of said predetermined capacitor voltage; and
c) wherein said inductor parameter circuit is configured to obtain a product value by multiplying said integrated value of said duty cycle in said start-up stage by an input voltage, and to obtain a difference value by subtracting said integrated value of said capacitor voltage from said product value, wherein said inductor parameter is obtained by dividing said difference value by said predetermined inductor current.

US Pat. No. 10,191,116

BATTERY TEST SYSTEM FOR PREDICTING BATTERY TEST RESULTS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A battery testing system, comprising:a battery test computer comprising a tangible, non-transitory computer-readable medium storing a battery test management system implemented as one or more sets of instructions, wherein the battery test management system comprises a prediction module, a validation module, and a training module, and wherein the battery test computer comprises processing circuitry configured to execute the one or more sets of instructions;
a user interface communicatively coupled to the processing circuitry and configured to provide outputs to a user;
wherein the prediction module is configured predict a result of a standardized battery test conducted on a battery undergoing testing using less than all data required for the standardized battery test conducted on the battery undergoing testing to be completed, and to output, via the user interface, the predicted result and a confidence level associated with the predicted result;
wherein the validation module is configured to determine a validity of the predicted result using final test results from the standardized battery test conducted on the battery, and to output, via the user interface, a representation of the validity;
wherein the training module is configured to update training data using the validity generated by the validation module to update the prediction module;
wherein the prediction module comprises a battery test support vector machine (SVM) constructed using training data obtained from a plurality of battery samples, and the battery test SVM is a binary classification model configured to classify the battery undergoing testing into a pass category or a fail category based on a first feature and a second feature generated from battery test data obtained during the standardized battery test, and wherein the prediction module is configured to output, via the user interface, a plurality of predicted results of the standardized battery test for the battery at time intervals occurring before a full duration of the standardized battery test; and
wherein the standardized battery test simulates the normal operating conditions that would be experienced by the battery undergoing testing over an average lifetime of the particular type of the battery undergoing testing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,114

SYSTEM FOR ANALYSIS OF PARTIAL DISCHARGE DEFECTS OF GAS INSULATED SWITCHGEAR

LSIS CO., LTD., Anyang-s...

1. A system for analysis of partial discharge defects of a gas insulated switchgear, comprising:a detecting sensor configured to sense a signal generated from the gas insulated switchgear;
one or more neighboring sensors arranged close to the detecting sensor, and configured to sense a signal generated from the periphery of the detecting sensor;
a controller configured to determine whether the signal sensed by the detecting sensor is a partial discharge signal or not, configured to calculate a partial discharge charge amount and the number of times of partial discharges based on a detection signal sensed by the neighboring sensor when the partial discharge signal is sensed; and
a display unit configured to display partial discharge signal information based on the partial discharge signal or detection signal information based on the detection signal, under control of the controller,
wherein if it is determined that the signal sensed by the detecting sensor is the partial discharge signal,
the controller controls the display unit to display the partial discharge signal information based on the partial discharge signal and the detection signal information based on the detection signal when the partial discharge charge amount and the number of times of partial discharges are more than reference values, and
the controller controls the display unit to display only the partial discharge signal information based on the partial discharge signal when the partial discharge charge amount and the number of times of partial discharges are less than the reference values.

US Pat. No. 10,191,097

SQUARE-WAVE-BASED IMPEDANCE ANALYSIS

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. An impedance analyzer to analyze the impedance of a device under test (DUT) over a range of frequencies, the impedance analyzer comprising:a microcontroller to generate a first square wave signal at a first frequency;
parallel signal transmission paths between the microcontroller and the DUT, each parallel path to transmit one of the first square wave signal or a square wave signal based on the first square wave signal, the parallel paths comprising:
a first path comprising a first anti-aliasing filter for filtering the first square wave signal to remove frequencies higher than a first filter frequency, the first path to deliver the first square wave signal to the DUT; and
a second path comprising a clock synthesizer integrated circuit (IC), separate from the microcontroller, to generate a second square wave signal, based on the first square wave signal, at a second frequency, the second path further comprising a second anti-aliasing filter for filtering the second square wave signal to remove second frequencies higher than a second filter frequency, the second filter frequency being higher than the first filter frequency; and
a path selection switch controllable by the microcontroller to select one of the parallel paths.

US Pat. No. 10,191,090

POWER TRANSFORMERS USING OPTICAL CURRENT SENSORS

ALSTOM TECHNOLOGY LTD, B...

1. A method for monitoring a connection condition of a standby power transformer, comprising:measuring a current flowing through a high voltage side of the standby power transformer using at least one optical current sensor disposed proximate to a current flow path of the high voltage side;
using a comb filter to filter the current;
determining, by using a detection logic, whether the filtered current is less than a predetermined threshold value; and
generating, by using the detection logic, an alarm indication that the high voltage side of the standby power transformer is unconnected to a power supply when the filtered current is determined to be less than the predetermined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,191,083

MAGNETIC SHIELDED PROBE CARD

1. A method of forming an integrated circuit die, comprising:providing a semiconductor wafer that includes more than one of said integrated circuit die;
testing said semiconductor wafer that includes said more than one of said integrated circuit die using a probe card; and
singulating the wafer to form said integrated circuit die;
said probe card comprising:
a mechanical support fixture having an inner aperture with a plurality of probes secured to said fixture that include probe tips that extend into said inner aperture for contacting probe pads on die of a wafer to be probed, and
at least one magnetic shield comprising a magnetic material that at least substantially surrounds a projected volume over an area that encloses said probe tips of said probes,
wherein said magnetic material has a relative magnetic permeability between 800 and 5,000.

US Pat. No. 10,191,077

DIRECTIONAL DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE DETECTOR

1. A device for detecting a directional differential pressure between two spaces, comprising:an elongated conduit arranged to be coupled with a wall separating the two spaces, the conduit having openings at opposite ends that permit fluid flow between the two spaces through the conduit, wherein the conduit comprises a first portion and a second portion operatively engaged with one another to provide length adjustability of the conduit; and
at least one movable element disposed within the conduit adapted to be moved from one region of the conduit toward an opposing region in response to the differential pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,042

CORE-SHELL NANOPARTICLES WITH MULTIPLE CORES AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THEM

The Research Foundation f...

1. Core-shell nanoparticles, each core-shell nanoparticle comprising:a shell containing a gold-silver mixture;
a plurality of discrete, nonconcentric, cores containing an iron-cobalt mixture, each core being within and surrounded by said shell; and
a ligand cap over said shell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,031

SYSTEM AND METHODS ESTIMATION OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND SIZE OF LIGHT-SCATTERING PARTICLES IN MATERIALS

The General Hospital Corp...

21. A method for determining a viscoelastic modulus of a sample with the use of an optical system, the method comprising:acquiring, with an optical detector, optical data representing time evolution of a speckle associated with light-scattering particles of the sample irradiated with light from a light source;
determining an average size of said light-scattering particles based on an angle-dependent pattern of a diffuse remittance profile (DRP) derived from acquired optical data;
calculating, with a programmable processor, a value of mean square displacement (MSD) of the light-scattering particles and a mechanical property of the sample from the acquired optical data, said MSD being a function of said size; and
estimating, with the programmable processor and from said angle-dependent pattern, an experimentally-determined value of a ratio of a first normalized irradiance to a second normalized irradiance, the first and second normalized irradiances being defined by said angle-dependent pattern at first and second values of an angle, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,191,029

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO EXTEND THE CONDITIONS OF APPLICATION OF AN INVERSION OF THE HODGKIN-HUXLEY GATING MODEL

1. A method to quantify a steady state functions of voltage of a gating variable of a Hodgkin Huxley formalism of a cell comprising the steps of:providing an electrophysiology apparatus configured to provide a voltage difference across a cell membrane of a cell and to measure a current through said cell membrane and a computer configured to run one or more processes including an inversion process of a set of underlying ordinary differential equations of a Hodgkin-Huxley model wherein said inversion process is defined by the equation:
where va ,vb:are time interval of application of the conditioning voltage of a C-step voltage clamp stimulation, i: indexes the gating variables of an Hodgkin-Huxley formalism, yc(i)(v): ith gating variable, i ? [0,1], evaluated at the end of the conditioning pulse of voltage uC and time interval of its application either va or vb, sC(i),sH(i) steady state function of voltage of each gating variable evaluated at the conditioning (uC), and holding s(uH) voltages respectively, of a C-Step voltage clamp stimulation protocol;applying said voltage difference across said cell membrane according to each protocol, and in any order:
a H-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol, and
a C-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol comprising:
applying a fixed holding voltage uH, followed by applying successive conditioning pulses at a plurality of stepped conditioning voltages uC and time intervals of application, va and vb, of the conditioning voltage, following each step of said steps of conditioning pulses, applying a test voltage uT during which test voltage a test current is measured, and wherein said plurality of stepped conditioning voltage uC are higher voltage than said fixed holding voltage uH,
identifying a voltage range RC of said stepped conditioning voltage uC where the channel exhibits measurable and independent currents during the test pulse, with changes of conditioning voltage uc and time intervals va, vb;
For a first time interval of application of said conditioning voltage va, estimating a first yC(i)(va) based on said inversion process, and changing said conditioning voltage and repeating said step of applying until the voltage range RC is found, where measured currents during the test pulse are measurable and independent from one another when the conditioning voltage and its time interval of application are changed;
for a second time interval of application of uC, vb, repeating said step of estimating to estimate a second different yC(i)(vb);
calculating a voltage dependence of the steady state functions sC(i) by solving for the zeros of said objective function, using first yC(i)(va) and second yC(i)(vb);
generating a data set as a solution of said set of underlying ordinary differential equations, said data set comprising a set of said voltage difference, and a measured current from said H-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol and said C-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol; and
estimating by said inversion process a set of gating parameters comprising a steady state as a function of voltage based on said data set to quantify said steady state function of voltage of a gating variable an Hodgkin Huxley formalism channel availability of said cell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,023

GAS-MEASURING DEVICE

1. A sensor unit for detecting a gas, the sensor unit comprising:a measuring channel;
a gas inlet for introducing environmental gas into the measuring channel;
a gas outlet for removing the environmental gas from the measuring channel;
a shut off valve operatively connected to one of the gas inlet and the gas outlet and configured to close the measuring channel at said one of the gas inlet and the gas outlet;
a pump unit operatively connected to another of the gas inlet and the gas outlet and configured to evacuate environmental gas from the measuring channel by generating a vacuum therein and to close the measuring channel at said other of the gas inlet and the gas outlet, whereby with the shut off valve and the pump unit closing the gas inlet and the gas outlet, the measuring channel is pressure-tight with respect to environmental gas;
a gas sensor operatively connected to the measuring channel for detecting the gas in the environmental gas; and
a heating unit for heating the gas sensor, wherein the sensor unit is configured to be operated in a measuring mode and in a regeneration mode, wherein the measuring channel is evacuated and the gas sensor is heated in the regeneration mode; and
a control unit controlling an operation state of each of the shut off valve, the pump unit and the heating unit and switching over from the regeneration mode to the measuring mode including deactivating the pump unit and the heating element and opening the gas inlet and the gas outlet and switching over from the measuring mode to the regeneration mode including closing the gas inlet and the gas outlet and activating the pump unit and the heating element.

US Pat. No. 10,191,021

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING A TEMPERATURE OF A TRANSISTOR

1. A method for estimating junction temperature or die temperature of a transistor of an inverter system, the method comprising:measuring, by a detector, turn-off change in voltage with respect to change in time between a collector and emitter of a transistor in a phase of an inverter;
measuring, by the detector, peak voltage of the transistor between the collector and the emitter, where the measuring of peak voltage of the transistor between the collector and the emitter is triggered by a drop in a voltage applied to a base or a gate of the transistor in an active state; and where upon the triggering the peak voltage of a transient spike in a collector voltage of the transistor is measured via a series of cascaded multimode diodes and a resistive voltage divider;
determining, by an electronic data processor, intermediate parameters of turn-off current, the turn-on current and on-state voltage drop based on the turn-off voltage change and the peak voltage;
determining, by the data processor, the power loss or energy loss for one switching cycle of the transistor based on the turn-off current, the turn-on current and on-state voltage drop between the collector and emitter of the transistor; and
estimating, by the data processor, an associated average junction or die temperature for the transistor over the switching cycle based on the determined energy loss, observed inverter system temperature and thermal characteristic of the inverter system, where an inverter system temperature sensor measures a coolant temperature in a coolant system for cooling the inverter or a housing temperature of an inverter housing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,015

OBJECT INFORMATION ACQUIRING APPARATUS AND LASER APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An object information acquiring apparatus comprising:irradiation means configured to irradiate an object with a laser beam;
a shutter unit having a shutter disposed on a light path of the laser beam from the irradiation means to the object, configured to restrict an output of the laser beam from the irradiation means to the object;
control means configured to control an irradiation of the laser beam by the irradiation means and an operation of the shutter unit;
a probe configured to receive an acoustic wave generated from the object irradiated with the laser beam; and
construction means configured to generate, using the acoustic wave, characteristic information relating to the object,
wherein the irradiation means is configured to generate the laser beam at a plurality of wavelengths and to irradiate the laser beam with a wavelength selected from among the plurality of wavelengths, and
wherein the control means performs, while the wavelength of the laser beam is switched, a control of closing the shutter and a control of stopping or suppressing the generation of the laser beam by the irradiation means.

US Pat. No. 10,191,001

CONVEYOR-BELT SYSTEM FOR MEASURING CONDITIONS THAT VARY THE RESONANT FREQUENCY OF A RESONANT CIRCUIT

Laitram, L.L.C., Harahan...

1. A conveyor belt comprising:an endless belt body;
a plurality of resonant circuits disposed at sensor positions in the endless belt body, each of the resonant circuits including:
an inductor; and
a capacitor connected to the inductor to form the resonant circuit with a resonant frequency determined by the inductance of the inductor and the capacitance of the capacitor;
a plurality of capacitor plates, wherein each of the resonant circuits is connected to one or more capacitor plates to capacitively couple the resonant circuit through one or more stationary capacitor plates external to the conveyor belt;
wherein at least one of the inductance of the inductor and the capacitance of the capacitor is varied by a varying condition affecting the conveyor belt.

US Pat. No. 10,190,986

SPATIALLY RESOLVED LIGAND-RECEPTOR BINDING ASSAYS

Abbott Laboratories, Abb...

1. A method for determining the concentration of an analyte in a sample comprising the steps of:(a) combining in a reaction mixture (i) a sample suspected of containing an analyte, (ii) a first receptor attached to a microparticle that binds to the analyte, and (iii) a fluorescently labeled second receptor that binds to the analyte, and allowing formation of a complex comprising the microparticle attached to the first receptor, the analyte, and the fluorescently labeled second receptor;
(b) acquiring a white light image of the reaction mixture in order to determine the location of the microparticle in the reaction of step (a) and a fluorescence image of the reaction mixture in order to determine the location of the fluorescently labeled second receptor in the reaction of step (a);
(c) selecting at least one region of interest from the images acquired in step
(b), wherein the at least one region of interest is a region from which light signals emanate from the complex formed in step (a);
(d) selecting pixels in the at least one region of interest for analysis;
(e) calculating and recording the average and variance of the counts per pixel for the pixels selected in step (d), wherein the counts per pixel is the number of photons counted per pixel per unit of time;
(f) omitting pixels that have counts greater or less than a specified variance;
(g) calculating average counts per pixel of the remaining pixels; and
(h) determining the concentration of the analyte from the data in step (g).

US Pat. No. 10,190,920

ENVIRONMENT SENSOR FOR ACOUSTIC INSTRUMENT

Music Nomad LLC, Sonoma,...

1. A sensor device for an acoustic instrument having a sound hole, comprising:an assembly, comprising:
a body comprising a top, a bottom, and at least one sidewall extending between the top and bottom, wherein the top, the bottom, and the least one sidewall define an internal cavity, and the sidewall includes at least one opening; and
a support member coupled to the top of the body to form an assembly, the support member including a planar surface and a display arranged within the planar surface; and
a sensor contained within the assembly;
wherein the support member forms a right angle relative to the top of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,190,911

TARGETING SYSTEM FOR COLOR MEASUREMENT DEVICE

X-Rite, Inc., Grand Rapi...

1. A targeting system for a spectrophotometer for a targeting a sample plane, comprising:a plurality of fiber channels, comprising:
at least one measurement channel; and
at least one illumination channel;
a slit assembly comprising:
a translucent layer disposed adjacent the plurality of fiber channels,
reflective portion disposed adjacent the translucent layer; and
a slit;
wherein each fiber channel comprises a first end, the first end offset from the reflective portion of the slit assembly to allow light transfer from one fiber channel to an adjacent at least one measurement channel;
a first light source in optical communication with a second end of the at least one illumination channel; and
a second light source;
wherein the sample plane is in optical communication with a second end of the at least one measurement channel;
wherein during a targeting mode light is transmitted from the first light source, through the at least one illumination channel, reflected off the slit assembly, transmitted through the measurement channel, and onto the sample plane; and
wherein during a measurement mode, the sample plane is illuminated by the second light source in a same location as during the targeting mode, such that light reflected off the sample plane travels through the at least one measurement channel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,890

CAPACITANCE-TO-VOLTAGE CONVERSION CIRCUIT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A capacitance-to-voltage conversion circuit comprising:a variable capacitance element having a capacitance value that depends on a physical quantity applied to the variable capacitance element;
an integration circuit that outputs a voltage by integrating electric charges generated by the variable capacitance element;
a first sample and hold circuit that samples and holds the voltage output from the integration circuit; and
a second sample and hold circuit that simultaneously samples and holds the voltage in synchronism with the first sample and hold circuit during at least an initial sampling period of the first sample and hold circuit,
wherein the second sample and hold circuit further samples the voltage at a rear-end period in a subsequent sampling period of the first sample and hold circuit after the initial sampling period.

US Pat. No. 10,190,888

SURGICAL STAPLING INSTRUMENTS WITH LINEAR POSITION ASSEMBLY

Covidien LP, Mansfield, ...

1. A surgical stapling instrument, comprising:an elongate body having a proximal end and a distal end, the elongate body including a longitudinally translatable central shaft;
a cartridge assembly coupled to the distal end of the elongate body and defining a longitudinal axis, the cartridge assembly including a staple cartridge;
an anvil assembly selectively connectable to a distal end of the central shaft; and
a linear position assembly including:
a pair of opposing magnets mounted to the central shaft, wherein each magnet generates a magnetic field, the pair of opposing magnets each having a north pole and a south pole and being oriented such that the north poles of the pair of opposing magnets are adjacent one another or the south poles of the pair of opposing magnets are adjacent one another; and
a plurality of sensors fixed within the cartridge assembly and configured to sense a change in the magnetic fields upon a longitudinal movement of the pair of opposing magnets in response to an actuation of the central shaft to determine a linear position of the anvil assembly along the longitudinal axis relative to the staple cartridge.

US Pat. No. 10,190,885

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING SERVICE USING A SENSOR AND IMAGE RECOGNITION IN A PORTABLE TERMINAL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a camera;
a display;
a storage storing instructions; and
a processor configured to execute the instructions to at least:
obtain real-time images from the camera,
identify an object within the obtained real-time images,
display an augmented reality (AR) graphical object related to the identified object on the display while obtaining the real-time images,
based on an input corresponding to a capture event, generate a first image by combining the AR graphical object and one of the obtained real-time images only while displaying the AR graphical object on the display,
store the generated first image in the storage, and
display the generated first image stored in the storage on the display in response to executing an application related to the generated first image including the AR graphical object.

US Pat. No. 10,190,879

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING GROUND POSITION CHANGES

PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING ...

1. A system for detecting localized ground position changes with an overall area, comprising:a plurality of lighting units each fixed to the ground and mounted within the overall area, wherein each lighting unit comprises a movement detection and/or positioning system and a transmitter for transmitting movement and/or positioning information to a remote central processing unit; and
the central processing unit for receiving the movement and/or positioning information from the plurality of fixed lighting units and adapted to process the received positioning information to identify local ground position changes;
wherein the central processing unit is adapted to identify a local around position change based on position and/or movement information from a plurality of lighting units in close proximity to each other having correlated ground position changes, and optionally wherein the correlated position changes correspond to position changes in the same direction or towards or away from a common point.

US Pat. No. 10,190,878

UNIVERSAL LIQUID ANGLE INDICATOR

1. A liquid angle indicator, consisting of the base with a graduated glass tube attached to it, which contains liquid and an indicator, i.e. an air bubble, differing by having an open loop semicircular glass tube, its ends are attached to the rectangular plate (base). (FIG. 1).

US Pat. No. 10,190,853

TEXTILE MADE FROM CHAINS AND PROCESS FOR ITS MANUFACTURE

1. A method for making a textile from a first and second pre-existing chain segments, said chain segments comprised of at least one chain link, said method comprising the steps of:placing the first and second chain segments of on a substrate, said substrate being substantially planar;
stitching the first and second chain segments together on the substrate using at least one thread where the at least one thread passes through the substrate and through a first link in the first of the chain segment and through a second link in the second chain segment;
and removing the substrate from the stitched chain segments without disturbing the threads.

US Pat. No. 10,190,845

PIN PUSHER FOR FIREARMS

1. A pin pusher for firearms, comprising:a finger ring having a resilient generally annular body adapted to encompass and resiliently compress about a periphery of at least one human phalange;
a pin punch affixed on a first end with, supported by, and protruding from said finger ring, said pin punch adapted to contact and transfer force to a removable firearm pin and thereby move said removable firearm pin relative to a firearm; and
a mirror adjacent to a junction between said finger ring and said pin punch.

US Pat. No. 10,190,837

ADJUSTABLE GUN LOCK

1. An adjustable gun lock for a gun with a trigger, wherein the trigger comprises a first side and a second side, comprising:a mounting device, comprising;
a rail adaptor,
a first side and a second side,
a first trigger guard, engaged with the first side of the rail adaptor, comprised of an extendable fan linkage, wherein the extendable fan linkage is comprised of a plurality of interconnected links that block the first side of the trigger in a fan-like manner when extended,
a second trigger guard, engaged with the second side of the rail adaptor, comprised of an extendable fan linkage, wherein the extendable fan linkage is comprised of a plurality of interconnected links that block the second side of the trigger in a fan-like manner when extended,
a first locking mechanism, further comprising;
at least one locking pin, wherein the locking pin, when in a locked position, engages the fan linkage of the first trigger guard and prevents the extendable fan linkage of the first trigger guard from extending,
an actuator, wherein the actuator moves the at least one locking pin into an unlocked position,
a second locking mechanism, further comprising;
at least one locking pin, wherein the locking pin, when in a locked position, engages the fan linkage of the second trigger guard and prevents the extendable fan linkage of the second trigger guard from extending,
an actuator, wherein the actuator moves the at least one locking pin into an unlocked position,
at least one locking electronic device, wherein the locking electronic device is engaged with the actuator of the first locking mechanism and the actuator of the second locking mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,190,815

DOMESTIC REFRIGERATION APPLIANCE

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A domestic refrigeration appliance, comprising:a heat-insulated inner container delimiting a coolable interior for storing foodstuffs;
a refrigeration device for cooling said coolable interior;
a door leaf for opening and closing said coolable interior;
hinges mounting said door leaf along an axis in an articulated manner relative to said inner container, at least one of said hinges being a self-closing hinge acting on said door leaf up to a first opening angle of said door leaf for automatically closing said door leaf; and
an opening aid device including an actuator, a tappet being movable at least indirectly back and forth by said actuator between a first position and a second position, a sensor for identifying pushing on and pulling on said door leaf, and an electronic control device being activated by said sensor and being configured to operate said actuator:
to enable said door leaf to be closed if said tappet is in said first position,
to move said tappet from said first position to said second position to push open said closed door leaf through a second opening angle being smaller than said first opening angle by using said tappet,
to move said tappet automatically into said first position immediately or with a time delay after reaching said second position,
to automatically move said tappet immediately from said first position into said second position upon pulling on said closed door leaf, and
to automatically move said tappet from said first position into said second position with a time delay after said sensor identifies a pushing on said closed door leaf, in order to prevent said opening aid device from pushing said door leaf open during said pushing on said closed door leaf.

US Pat. No. 10,190,789

CENTRAL PLANT WITH COORDINATED HVAC EQUIPMENT STAGING ACROSS MULTIPLE SUBPLANTS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A controller for a central plant that includes at least a first subplant and a second subplant configured to serve a thermal energy load of a building, the controller comprising:a communications interface configured to communicate with the first subplant and the second subplant; and
a processing circuit communicably coupled to the communications interface and comprising a processor and memory, the memory comprising:
an equipment staging detector configured to detect a staging event for equipment of the second subplant and to determine when the staging event occurs;
a subplant staging evaluator configured to use input from the equipment staging detector to determine whether a predetermined time period has elapsed since the staging event for the equipment of the second subplant has occurred;
a subplant staging preventer configured to prevent the first subplant from staging equipment of the first subplant in response to a determination that the predetermined time period has not elapsed since the staging event for the equipment of the second subplant has occurred;
a central plant optimizer configured to perform an optimization process to determine a desired set of the equipment of the first subplant for use in serving the thermal energy load; and
a desired equipment drop detector configured to determine whether the desired set of the equipment of the first subplant has dropped to zero;
wherein the subplant staging preventer is configured to allow the first subplant to stage the equipment of the first subplant in response to a determination that the desired set of the equipment of the first subplant has dropped to zero.

US Pat. No. 10,190,754

OPTICAL ATTACHMENT FEATURES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE-BASED LIGHTING SYSTEM

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A light-emitting diode (LED) lighting system, comprising:an enclosure comprising an enclosure wall forming a cavity and an enclosure collar having a first profile, wherein the first profile of the enclosure collar and the enclosure wall have a recess disposed therebetween;
a trim comprising a trim collar that directly abuts to the enclosure collar, wherein the trim collar has a second profile;
a reflector comprising an outer surface, an inner surface comprising a reflective material, and a reflector collar having a first optical attachment mechanism; and
a diffuser comprising a diffuser collar, wherein the diffuser collar comprises a second optical attachment mechanism and a third optical attachment mechanism, wherein the second optical attachment mechanism couples to the first optical attachment mechanism, wherein the third optical attachment mechanism comprises a protrusion, and wherein the protrusion is disposed within the recess formed by the enclosure wall, the first profile of the enclosure collar, and the second profile of the trim collar when the enclosure collar is mechanically coupled to the trim collar.

US Pat. No. 10,190,747

OPTIC FOR PROVIDING BIASED ILLUMINATION

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A system comprising:an optic comprising:
a front and a rear;
a cavity that comprises:
an opening disposed at the rear;
a bottom; and
a sidewall that extends between the opening and the bottom and that circumscribes an axis, the cavity configured to receive light emitted by at least one light emitting diode disposed adjacent the opening;
a convex refractive surface disposed at the bottom of the cavity and configured for condensing a first portion of the received light that transmits in the cavity along the axis; and
a surface that circumscribes the cavity and is configured for totally internally reflecting a second portion of the received light that passes through the sidewall of the cavity, the surface comprising:
a first surface region extending circumferentially partially about the cavity and extending between the front and the rear; and
a second surface region extending circumferentially partially about the cavity and extending between the front and the rear,
wherein the first surface region and the second surface region meet one another at two circumferential positions with two discontinuities,
wherein the front comprises a second surface positioned for passing the first portion of the received light that is condensed and the second portion of the received light that is totally internally reflected,
wherein as compared to the second surface region, the first surface region is radially closer to the axis at the front of the optic, and
wherein as compared to the first surface region, the second surface region is radially closer to the axis at the rear of the optic.

US Pat. No. 10,190,667

POWER TRANSMISSION INTERRUPTING DEVICE AND LIMITED-SLIP DIFFERENTIAL

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A power transmission interrupting device configured to interrupt power transmission between a first rotating member and a second rotating member that are rotatable relative to each other on the same rotational axis, the power transmission interrupting device comprising:an interrupting member including engaging teeth that selectively engage with the second rotating member, and is movable in an axial direction between a coupling position at which the engaging teeth engage with the second rotating member and an uncoupling position at which the engaging teeth do not engage with the second rotating member; and
a moving mechanism that moves the interrupting member in the axial direction, wherein:
the moving mechanism includes an annular electromagnet including a coil winding that generates magnetic flux when current is applied thereto; a yoke constituting part of a magnetic path of the magnetic flux; a moving member, formed by a soft magnetic body, that constitutes the magnetic path of the magnetic flux with the yoke and moves in the axial direction; and a coupling member that couples the moving member with the interrupting member;
the moving member has a cylindrical part facing an inner circumferential surface or an outer circumferential surface of the electromagnet, and an annular cover extending from one end of the cylindrical part in a radial direction and covering one of axial end faces of the electromagnet;
the coupling member is connected between the moving member and the interrupting member; and
when current is applied to the coil winding, the interrupting member moves in the axial direction by the coupling member as the moving member moves so that an interval between the annular cover and the one axial end face of the electromagnet changes.

US Pat. No. 10,190,662

VARIATOR FOR WORK VEHICLE DRIVETRAIN

1. A work vehicle drivetrain, comprising:an engine;
an auxiliary power takeoff (PTO) shaft coupled to the engine and rotatable about a primary power path axis when driven by the engine to drive a shaft-powered implement coupled to the work vehicle; and
a variator assembly, comprising:
a variator motor;
a variator gearbox containing a planetary gear system coupled to the variator motor and to the auxiliary PTO shaft, the planetary gear system being rotatable about a planetary axis coaxial with the primary power path axis of the auxiliary PTO shaft; and
a variator input shaft through which the engine is mechanically coupled to the planetary gear system;
wherein the planetary gear system comprises a first sun gear rotationally fixed to the variator input shaft and a second sun gear adjacent the first sun gear and providing a mechanical output of the variator gearbox.

US Pat. No. 10,190,653

VIBRATION ABSORBER SYSTEM

ZF Friedrichshafen AG, F...

1. A mass damper system comprising:a damper mass carrier;
at least one damper mass received at the damper mass carrier and movable relative to the damper mass carrier; and
at least one stop arranged on the damper mass carrier,
wherein the at least one damper mass moves within a predetermined movement region at least during an operating state in which a rotational movement of the damper mass carrier around a central axis has exceeded a predetermined limit speed;
wherein the predetermined movement region has at least two movement region portions:
a first movement region portion of the at least two movement region portions bounded at a first end by an initial position in which the at least one damper mass is free from a deflection in a circumferential direction and, at a second end, by a limit position in which the at least one damper mass has undergone a deflection of a predetermined deflection distance in the circumferential direction; and
a second movement region portion of the at least two movement region portions is defined at a first end by the limit position and at a second end by a stop position in which the at least one damper mass has come in contact with the at least one stop;
wherein, at least at a stop side facing the at least one stop, the at least one damper mass has a proximity profile shaped to correspond to a stop profile of the at least one stop such that in the first movement region portion the at least one damper mass remains within a residual distance region relative to the at least one stop at least in at least one extension portion of the proximity profile at which this proximity profile comes closest to the stop profile of the at least one stop, and in the second movement region portion at at least two impingement positions of the proximity profile arranged so as to be circumferentially offset with respect to one another, the at least one damper mass comes in contact with at least two supporting positions of the stop profile of the at least one stop arranged so as to be circumferentially offset with respect to one another,
wherein the at least one stop is elastically deformable at least in the at least two supporting positions,
wherein, in order to ensure the elastic deformability, the at least one stop is formed, at least in extension regions of the at least two supporting positions of the stop profile, as a spring device,
wherein the spring device forming the at least one stop has at least one spring element, wherein the at least one spring element is provided between two spacer pieces that are adjacent to one another in the circumferential direction.

US Pat. No. 10,190,643

SYNCHRONIZER FOR RADIALLY APPLIED DOG CLUTCH FOR A VEHICLE

1. A radially applied dog clutch for a vehicle transmission, the clutch comprising:a driving member configured to rotate about an axis and including a cavity extending radially from the axis;
a driving tooth slidably movable within the cavity extending radially from the axis;
a driven member coaxially surrounding the driving member and including a radially inward extending driven tooth;
a synchronizer coaxially positioned between the driving member and the driven member; and
an actuator coaxially positioned within the driving member and movable along the axis to selectively engage the driving tooth sequentially with the synchronizer and the driven tooth.

US Pat. No. 10,190,597

VACUUM PUMP AND ROTOR THEREOF

Edwards Japan Limited, C...

1. A vacuum pump, comprising:a circular member;
a drive means for driving the circular member rotatably on a center thereof;
a cylindrical member joined to an outer circumference of the circular member;
a stator member surrounding an outer circumference of the cylindrical member; and
a thread groove pump flow path formed between the cylindrical member and the stator member,
the vacuum pump exhausting gas through the thread groove pump flow path by rotating the circular member and the cylindrical member, wherein
the cylindrical member is made of a material having at least a feature of lower thermal expansivity or lower creep rate than that of a material of the circular member, and
a gap of a first region provided between a joint portion of the cylindrical member and a crest of a thread groove formed on an inner surface of the stator member is set to be larger than a gap of a second region provided between a non-joint portion of the cylindrical member and a crest of the thread groove formed on the inner surface of the stator member around the entire outer circumference of the cylindrical member by an amount to accommodate thermal expansion of the circular member or an amount of expansion by creep of the circular member.

US Pat. No. 10,190,576

ROLLER BEARING, RETAINER SEGMENT, SPACER AND MAIN SHAFT SUPPORT STRUCTURE OF WIND-POWER GENERATOR

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

1. A roller bearing comprising:an outer ring;
an inner ring;
a plurality of rollers arranged between said outer ring and said inner ring; and
a plurality of retainer segments having a plurality of column parts extending in a direction along a shaft so as to form a pocket for holding said roller, and a connection part extending in a circumferential direction so as to connect the plurality of column parts, and continuously lined with each other in the circumferential direction between said outer ring and said inner ring, in which a corner of a circumferential end face of each retainer segment is chamfered; and
a spacer arranged between a circumferentially arranged first retainer segment and last retainer segment, the spacer having a circumferential spacer end face, the circumferential spacer end face having a chamfered part at a corner thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,190,561

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RAPID ENGINE START

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of rapid starting an internal combustion engine having a crankshaft flywheel in a vehicle, comprising:determining, via an electronic controller, that the internal combustion engine is stopped;
detecting, via the controller, an engine start request;
enabling, via the controller, a starter assembly having a brushless electric motor including a stator and a rotor and configured to drive a pinion gear;
engaging the pinion gear with the flywheel;
determining, via the controller, a present angular position of the rotor relative to the stator, wherein the present angular position is configured to generate a first rotor torque;
applying an electrical current to the electric motor, in response to the determined angular position of the rotor, to turn the rotor to a predetermined starting angular position relative to the stator, wherein the predetermined starting angular position is configured to provide a second torque that is greater than the first torque; and
commanding the electric motor, via the controller, to spin the rotor and thereby apply the second torque via the pinion gear to start the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 10,190,512

MANIFOLD VOLUME DETERMINATION BASED ON SURGE FREQUENCY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine comprising:calculating an expected surge frequency via a model-based diagnostic utilizing a known boost manifold volume;
calculating an actual surge frequency based on an output of a pressure sensor;
updating the known boost manifold volume to an updated boost manifold volume based on a difference between the expected surge frequency and the actual surge frequency; and
adjusting engine operating parameters responsive to the updated boost manifold volume, where adjusting the engine operating parameters includes one or more of adjusting a fuel injector actuator and adjusting a position of a throttle.

US Pat. No. 10,190,499

AXIAL TENSION SYSTEM FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE CASE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A gas turbine engine comprising:a convex case section comprising:
an upstream case portion adjacent a forward edge of the convex case section, wherein the upstream case portion has a first radius relative to a centerline axis of the gas turbine engine at the forward edge;
a downstream case portion adjacent a rearward edge of the convex case section, wherein the downstream case portion has a second radius relative to the centerline axis at the rearward edge;
an intermediate case portion between the upstream case portion and the downstream case portion and having a third radius relative to the centerline axis that is larger than the first radius and the second radius; and
a tension rod extending from the upstream case portion to the downstream case portion, wherein an entirety of the tension rod is disposed radially inward of the intermediate case portion relative to the centerline axis, and wherein a first end of the tension rod is connected to a first bracket mounted to the upstream case portion, and where a second end of the tension rod is connected to a second bracket mounted to the downstream case portion.

US Pat. No. 10,190,490

ENERGY STORAGE AND CONVERSION IN FREE-PISTON COMBUSTION ENGINES

EtaGen, Inc., Menlo Park...

1. A free-piston combustion engine system, comprising:a cylinder comprising a combustion section;
at least one tree-piston assembly in contact with the combustion section;
at least one gas spring in contact with the at least one free-piston assembly, wherein the at least one gas spring is configured to store energy from the at least one free-piston assembly during an expansion stroke of a piston cycle;
at least one linear electromagnetic machine for directly converting between kinetic energy of the at least one free-piston assembly and electrical energy; and
processing circuitry configured for:
causing the at least one gas spring to store at least a sufficient amount of energy from the at least one free-piston assembly during the expansion stroke to perform a subsequent stroke of the piston cycle thereby avoiding net electrical energy input over the subsequent stroke of the piston cycle by controlling at least a position of the at least one free-piston assembly, and
causing the linear electromagnetic machine to convert at least some of the energy stored in the at least one gas spring into electrical energy during the subsequent stroke of the piston cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,190,489

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An internal combustion engine, comprising:a first exhaust manifold in which gas discharged from a first cylinder group of the internal combustion engine flows;
a second exhaust manifold in which gas discharged from a second cylinder group that is different from the first cylinder group flows; and
a turbocharger having a first scroll chamber that communicates with the first exhaust manifold and a second scroll chamber that communicates with the second exhaust manifold,
in which a surface area of a wall surface of the first exhaust manifold is larger than a surface area of a wall surface of the second exhaust manifold,
wherein the turbocharger further comprises:
a turbine housing including the first scroll chamber and the second scroll chamber that are divided by a partition wall from each other in an axial direction of a turbine wheel,
a first cooling water passage provided in the turbine housing to cover the first scroll chamber and having an outlet, and
a second cooling water passage provided in the turbine housing to cover the second scroll chamber and having an inlet,
wherein the first cooling water passage and the second cooling water passage are connected in series so as to define a cooling water flow path within the turbine housing extending from the inlet to the outlet, and
the internal combustion engine comprises a water pump that causes the cooling water to flow from the second cooling water passage to the first cooling water passage.

US Pat. No. 10,190,481

MINIMUM POWER CONSUMPTION FOR COOL DOWN DIAGNOSTIC BASED ON CYLINDER DEACTIVATION

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A diagnostic system for an engine of a vehicle, comprising:a temperature determination module that receives an indication of whether one or more cylinders within the engine are deactivated, that sets a first temperature threshold based on a first predetermined temperature when the indication indicates that zero cylinders of the engine are deactivated, and that sets the first temperature threshold based on a second predetermined temperature when the indication indicates that one or more of the cylinders of the engine are deactivated, wherein the first predetermined temperature is greater than the second predetermined temperature;
a comparison module that selectively determines whether a temperature of engine coolant is less than the first temperature threshold;
a fault indication module that diagnoses a fault in response to the comparison module determining that the temperature of the engine coolant is less than the first temperature threshold; and
a remedial action module that selectively adjusts at least one engine operating parameter to increase the temperature of the engine coolant in response to the fault indication module diagnosing the fault.

US Pat. No. 10,190,479

COOLING SYSTEM WITH A COOLANT PUMP FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for operating a cooling system of an engine of a vehicle, with a heater for the vehicle and a coolant pump for the engine, the method comprising:starting the engine;
operating the engine for a time period immediately following the start of the engine;
operating, during the time period, the cooling system in a first mode where the coolant pump circulates coolant through the cooling system and is on;
reading, after the time period, a temperature sensor to determine a temperature;
evaluating, by a controller, whether a heater request is present;
switching the cooling system from the first mode into one of a number of predetermined operating modes as a function of the heater request and the temperature, wherein the predetermined operating modes comprise a first warming-up operating mode, a second warming-up operating mode, and a heater operating mode;
evaluating, by the controller, the temperature to determine whether a first warming-up condition is fulfilled in which the temperature is below a first limit value;
when the first warming-up condition is fulfilled, operating by the controller, the cooling system in the first warming-up operating mode in which the coolant pump is off and in which a radiator line containing a radiator and a bypass line that bypasses the radiator are both completely closed by a control valve;
when operating in the first warming-up operating mode, evaluating, by the controller, whether a second warming-up condition is fulfilled;
when the second warming-up condition is fulfilled, operating, by the controller, the coolant system in the second warming-up operating mode in which the coolant pump is operated pulsed, and the control valve closes the radiator line and opens the bypass line;
when operating in the second warming-up operating mode, evaluating, by the controller, whether a third warming-up condition is fulfilled in which a heater request is present; and
when the third warming-up condition is fulfilled, operating, by the controller, the cooling system in the heater operating mode with the coolant pump continuously operated at a rotational sped that is constant, and where the control valve closes the radiator line and modulates the bypass line as a function of the temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,190,477

SPLIT COOLING SYSTEM OF INTERNAL COMBUSION ENGINE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A split cooling system of an internal combustion engine, comprising:a water pump configured to circulate cooling water;
a cylinder head and a cylinder block configured to be supplied with the cooling water from the water pump;
an integrated flow control valve configured to include an inlet provided to be supplied with the cooling water of the cylinder head and a plurality of valves that are configured to be opened or closed to distribute the cooling water introduced through the inlet to an oil heat exchanger, a heater core, and a radiator; and
a split cooler configured to be mounted at the cylinder block to provide a split cooling channel in the cylinder block and the cylinder header,
wherein the split cooler is inserted into a water jacket of the cylinder block and includes:
a base configured to enclose an outside surface of a cylinder along a shape of the cylinder, wherein the base divides a channel within the water jacket into an inside channel and an outside channel, wherein the inside channel facing the outside surface of the cylinder is at an inside of the base and the outside channel facing the water jacket is at an outside of the base wherein the inside channel is disposed inward the base and the outside channel is disposed outward the base in a radial direction of the cylinder, and wherein an upper side of the base in the cylinder block continuously fluid-communicates with the outside channel;
a coupling groove formed to be indented into an inside surface of the base, wherein the inside surface of the base faces the outside surface of the cylinder; and
a sealing member configured to be filled in the coupling groove wherein the sealing member selectively cuts off the inside channel according to a temperature of the cooling water, the sealing member being expanded when the temperature of the cooling water supplied into the water jacket is equal to or higher than a preset temperature to cut off the inside channel between the base and the cylinder, to increase a flow resistance of the cooling water and reduce a heat transfer rate, and
wherein when the inside channel is cut off by the sealing member, a portion of the cooling water flows to the outside channel and surround a full length of the base from a bottom to a top.

US Pat. No. 10,190,463

EXHAUST SYSTEM, ESPECIALLY FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE OF A VEHICLE

1. An exhaust system for an internal combustion engine of a vehicle, the exhaust system comprising:an exhaust gas-carrying duct;
a reactant injection device injecting reactant into exhaust gas flowing in the exhaust gas-carrying duct;
a mixer device for supporting a mixing of reactant injected by the reactant injection device with exhaust gas flowing in the exhaust gas-carrying duct, the mixer device being disposed downstream of the reactant injection device; and
a reactant heating device which extends in the exhaust gas-carrying duct downstream of the reactant injection device and upstream of the mixer device, the reactant heating device being positioned such that exhaust gas, flowing in said duct and reactant injected by the reactant injection device flow around the reactant heating device, the reactant heating device comprising at least one heating element comprised of a heat conductor element, which is heated by electrical energization and around which exhaust gas and reactant flow, wherein the heat conductor element is wound in a meandering pattern and has a band-shape configuration with a band surface provided by two broad sides of the band-shaped conductor element facing away from one another and being essentially parallel to an exhaust gas flow direction.

US Pat. No. 10,190,456

OIL REMOVAL APPARATUS

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An oil removal apparatus that is capable of removing oil particles contained in blow-by gas flowing through a blow-by gas passage of an internal combustion engine, comprising:a bipolar electrode having an anode and a cathode that extend in a flow direction of said blow-by gas;
a filter formed from an insulator and disposed between said anode and said cathode of said bipolar electrode, wherein in said filter dielectric polarization occurs when a voltage is applied to said bipolar electrode and said filter traps the oil particles;
a case housing said bipolar electrode and said filter; and
a voltage applicator configured to supply a voltage to said bipolar electrode,
wherein, when said oil removal apparatus is installed in a static vehicle, said bipolar electrode and said filter are stacked in said case so as to be arranged in a horizontal direction, and said oil removal apparatus is constructed so that said blow-by gas flows in the horizontal direction along said bipolar electrode, and a space through which said blow-by gas flows is formed between a lower inner wall surface of said case, and said bipolar electrode and filter.

US Pat. No. 10,190,452

ENGINE LUBRICATION STRUCTURE AND MOTORCYCLE

SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION,...

1. An engine lubrication structure which supplies oil from an oil pump to individual components of an engine in which a balancer shaft is disposed parallel with a crank shaft in a crank case, wherein:the engine comprises a turbocharger which compresses intake air using exhaust gas of the engine;
a main gallery which supplies oil to a bearing of the crank shaft via a first oil passage and supplies oil to a bearing of the balancer shaft via a second oil passage, and a sub-gallery which supplies the oil flowing past the bearing of the balancer shaft and supplied to the sub-gallery via a third oil passage connecting the bearing of the balancer shaft and the sub-gallery to individual components of the engine via a fourth oil passage shaft are provided in the crank case; and
a fifth oil passage which supplies oil to the turbocharger is connected to the sub-gallery.

US Pat. No. 10,190,442

GAS TURBINE IN SITU INFLATABLE BLADDERS FOR ON-WING REPAIR

General Electric Company,...

1. A method of repairing a surface of a component within a gas turbine engine, comprising:installing a first bladder within the gas turbine engine;
installing a second bladder within the gas turbine engine;
inflating the first bladder and the second bladder with an inflating fluid to form a first circumferential seal and a second circumferential seal to define an isolated area within the gas turbine engine;
coating all surfaces within the isolated area with a masking layer;
removing at least a portion of the masking layer to expose a working area; and
forming a coating on the working area.

US Pat. No. 10,190,422

ROTATION ENHANCED TURBINE BLADE COOLING

Solar Turbines Incorporat...

1. A turbine blade for a gas turbine engine, comprising:an outer, peripheral wall extending along a suction side and a pressure side of the blade from a leading edge to a trailing edge of the blade and from a root end to a tip end of the blade;
a substantially vertical bifurcating internal wall extending between the leading edge and the trailing edge of the blade in between the suction side and the pressure side of the blade;
a plurality of pressure side cooling fluid passages defined between the peripheral wall on the pressure side of the blade and the bifurcating internal wall and extending at least part way from the root end to the tip end of the blade;
a plurality of suction side cooling fluid passages defined between the peripheral wall on the suction side of the blade and the bifurcating internal wall and extending at least part way from the tip end to the root end of the blade; and
at least one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages being configured to receive fresh cooling fluid from a cooling fluid inlet opening at the root end of the blade and direct the cooling fluid radially upwardly toward the tip end of the blade, wherein the tip end of the at least one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages is fluidly connected across a top side of the bifurcating internal wall to at least one of the plurality of suction side cooling fluid passages such that cooling fluid passes up through the at least one pressure side cooling fluid passages from the root end to the tip end of the blade, across the top of the bifurcating internal wall, and down through the at least one suction side cooling passage from the tip end to the root end of the blade,
wherein only a first one of the at least one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages is configured to receive cooling fluid from the cooling fluid inlet opening at the root end of the blade, the first one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages being fluidly connected across the top side of the bifurcating internal wall to two of the suction side cooling fluid passages,
wherein one of the two suction side cooling fluid passages is configured to direct cooling fluid from the first one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages downwardly along the suction side of the blade and is fluidly connected across the bottom side of the bifurcating internal wall to a second one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages adjacent a leading edge cooling fluid passage extending vertically along at least a portion of the leading edge of the blade; and
wherein one or more impingement holes are provided through an internal wall extending between the pressure side and the suction side of the blade and separating the second one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages and the leading edge cooling fluid passage, the one or more impingement holes configured for directing cooling fluid flowing upwardly through the second one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages into the leading edge cooling fluid passage, and a showerhead arrangement of film cooling holes being provided through the outer peripheral wall along the leading edge and configured for directing cooling fluid from the leading edge cooling fluid passage to the outer surface of the outer peripheral wall along the leading edge of the blade.

US Pat. No. 10,190,412

DETERMINING SUBTERRANEAN-FORMATION RESISTIVITY USING AN ELECTROMAGNETIC TELEMETRY SYSTEM

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:receiving, from a downhole transceiver positioned on a well tool in a wellbore and by a computing device, a signal indicating a load impedance across an electrically insulating segment of the downhole transceiver;
determining, by the computing device, a conductivity associated with a portion of the wellbore based on the load impedance and a plurality of values, wherein the plurality of values comprises a longitudinal length of at least a portion of the well tool, a skin depth of a subterranean formation through which the wellbore is formed, an outer diameter of the electrically insulating segment of the downhole transceiver, a frequency at which the downhole transceiver operates, a magnetic permeability of the subterranean formation, and a relative permeability of the subterranean formation;
determining, by the computing device, a resistivity associated with the portion of the wellbore by inversing the conductivity; and
determining, by the computing device, a corrected resistivity by modifying the resistivity associated with the portion of the wellbore using a correction factor.

US Pat. No. 10,190,407

METHODS FOR EVALUATING INFLOW AND OUTFLOW IN A SUBTERRAEAN WELLBORE

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method for identifying an inflow event in a subterranean wellbore while drilling, the method comprising:(a) rotating a drill bit in a wellbore penetrating a subterranean formation, the drill bit being deployed in a drill string including a plurality of axially spaced along string pressure sensors, said rotating operative to drill the wellbore and enable the inflow event in which formation fluids flow into the wellbore when the formation has a higher pore pressure than a drilling fluid pressure at a depth in the wellbore;
(b) using the plurality of axially spaced along string pressure sensors to make a corresponding plurality of axially spaced annular pressure measurements while drilling in (a);
(c) processing the plurality of axially spaced annular pressure measurements to compute a plurality of corresponding measured annular interval circulating densities and measured annular interval static densities;
(d) monitoring the computed measured annular interval circulating densities and the measured annular interval static densities while drilling in (a);
(e) evaluating a decrease in at least one of the measured annular interval circulating densities and the measured annular interval static densities and an increase in a differential flow rate as an indicator of the inflow event; and
(f) processing at least one of the measured annular interval static densities and the differential flow rate to compute a density of an inflow constituent.

US Pat. No. 10,190,387

METHOD OF SEALING A WELL

STATOIL PETROLEUM AS, St...

1. A method of sealing a well comprising:creating one or more openings in a tubing installed in a wellbore, in a location for a well seal;
using a wireline to locate a stinger in said location;
setting the stinger in said location by hanging the stinger from said tubing; and
forming a seal in the well in said location, by injecting sealant through said stinger such that the sealant flows upwardly around the stinger,
wherein the stinger is extendable and telescopic,
wherein the stinger comprises a valve across an end which is lowermost when the stinger is extended, and
wherein a plurality of telescopic sections are held in a compacted configuration by a mechanism configured to release when a pre-determined pressure is applied, thus causing the telescopic sections to extend.

US Pat. No. 10,190,370

COMPOSITE WELLBORE SEAL SYSTEM WITH SENSING AND SELF-HEALING CAPABILITIES

STC.UNM, Albuquerque, NM...

1. A wellbore seal system comprising: a casing, a fiber reinforced polymer layer, and layer of polymer cement;said layers bonded together and configured to create a low permeable and ductile seal at discrete locations of the wellbore or along the wellbore;
said polymer layer is chemically bonded to said casing and inhibits the formation of a microannulus at said casing; and
said polymer layer is an aramid fiber reinforced polymer or is a glass reinforced polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,190,369

BIT INCORPORATING DUCTILE INSERTS

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A fixed-cutter drill bit comprising:a metal-matrix composite body having at least one metal-matrix composite blade; a bit blank disposed within the metal-matrix composite body;
a plurality of cutters disposed on the at least one metal-matrix composite blade; and a ductile insert partially disposed within the metal-matrix composite body and having an exposed surface,
wherein the ductile insert has a greater ductility than the metal-matrix composite body;wherein the exposed surface of the ductile insert is positioned at or proximate to at least one high-stress portion of the fixed-cutter drill bit that experiences a high tensile stress during operation.

US Pat. No. 10,190,358

VEHICLE SAFE AND AUTHENTICATION SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle safe authentication system, comprising:a vehicle safe;
a vehicle camera; and
a control unit programmed to receive an indication of unauthorized access, from a body controller and in response to a predefined number of attempts to access the safe being exceeded, at the vehicle safe and further programmed to activate the vehicle camera in response to the indication, wherein activation of the camera includes capturing at least one image.

US Pat. No. 10,190,352

WINDOW REGULATOR

HI-LEX CORPORATION, Hyog...

1. A window regulator comprising:a guide rail,
a carrier plate,
a raising-side cable, and
a lowering-side cable,
wherein the carrier plate includes:
a raising-side end holder which houses an end of the raising-side cable, and
a lowering-side end holder which houses an end of the lowering-side cable, and
wherein:
the raising-side end holder is provided such that the raising-side cable is positioned outside the guide rail,
the lowering-side end holder is provided such that the lowering-side cable is positioned on or above the guide rail,
the carrier plate is configured to move up and down along an edge of the guide rail when the carrier plate moves up and down, and
the guide rail has a curved shape such that the lowering-side cable is in contact with the guide rail when the carrier plate is positioned at least near an upper end with respect to the guide rail.

US Pat. No. 10,190,348

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A REFUELING REQUEST

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:applying a current having a voltage greater than a threshold voltage to an electrorheological fluid in a locking mechanism of a refueling door; and
decreasing the voltage of the current to less than the threshold voltage to gradually open the refueling door in response to a fuel tank pressure being greater than a threshold pressure upon receiving a refueling request.

US Pat. No. 10,190,327

REINFORCING BAR BINDING MACHINE

MAX CO., LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A reinforcing bar binding machine i) which includes a binding machine main body, ii) which feeds a wire which is wound around a wire reel rotatably supported on the binding machine main body, iii) which winds the wire around reinforcing bars, and iv) which binds the reinforcing bars, the reinforcing bar binding machine comprising:a feed motor that feeds the wire which is wound around the wire reel, wherein the wire reel is rotated in accordance with feeding the wire by the feed motor;
a curl forming part that curls the wire fed by the feed motor, along a periphery of the reinforcing bars;
a twisting mechanism that binds the reinforcing bars by twisting the wire curled by the curl forming part;
a twist motor that drives the twisting mechanism; and
a brake actuating unit that is actuated by the twist motor and that stops a rotation of the wire reel by engaging with the wire reel,
wherein the twist motor starts a normal rotation when the wire is fed by a predetermined amount by the feed motor, the twisting mechanism twists the wire to complete the binding after the twisting mechanism is advanced to a predetermined position by the normal rotation of the twist motor,
the twist motor starts a reverse rotation after completing the binding, and the twisting mechanism is retracted to a stand-by position by the reverse rotation of the twist motor,
the brake actuating unit stops the rotation of the wire reel by engaging with the wire reel, i) when the twist motor starts the normal rotation and when the twisting mechanism starts to be advanced, or ii) after the twist motor starts the normal rotation and after the twisting mechanism starts to be advanced, and
the brake actuating unit releases an engagement with respect to the wire reel before the twist motor starts the reverse rotation.

US Pat. No. 10,190,325

CARGO FLOOR BRACE TOOL

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A brace tool comprising:a rigid frame, the frame having a top and a bottom on an opposite side of the frame from the top;
a shaft secured to the top of the frame, the shaft having an exterior surface;
a first suction cup and a second suction cup secured to the bottom of the frame;
a platform having a top brace surface and an opposite bottom surface, the top brace surface having a length dimension and a width dimension, and the top brace surface being configured to be engaged against by a person using the brace tool with the person supporting themselves on the top brace surface when the first suction cup and the second suction cup are secured to a separate surface;
a first support block secured to the bottom surface of the platform, the first support block having surfaces that engage around the exterior surface of the shaft and thereby mount the platform to the shaft with the length dimension of the top brace surface extending along the shaft, engagement of the surfaces of the first support block around the exterior surface of the shaft being adjustable between the surfaces of the first support block engaging loosely against the exterior surface of the shaft enabling the platform to be adjustably positioned relative to the frame by moving the platform around the shaft, and the surfaces of the first support block being firmly secured around the exterior surface of the shaft whereby the platform is firmly secured at a desired orientation relative to the frame;
a second support block secured to the bottom surface of the platform, the second support block having surfaces that engage around the exterior surface of the shaft and thereby mount the platform to the shaft with the length dimension of the top brace surface extending along the shaft, engagement of the surfaces of the second support block around the exterior surface of the shaft being adjustable between the surfaces of the second support block engaging loosely against the exterior surface of the shaft enabling the platform to be adjustably positioned relative to the frame by moving the platform around the shaft, and the surfaces of the second support block being firmly secured around the exterior surface of the shaft whereby the platform is firmly secured at a desired orientation relative to the frame; and,
the frame being one of two frames having same constructions, the two frames being mounted to the platform at opposite ends of the platform.

US Pat. No. 10,190,323

FLOOR PANEL

FLOORING INDUSTRIES LIMIT...

1. A floor panel comprising:a substrate;
a top layer located above the substrate; and
a backing layer located below the substrate;
wherein the substrate includes a closed cell foamed PVC board having a density of more than 650 kilograms per cubic meter;
wherein the substrate has a thickness of 2 to 10 millimeters;
wherein the substrate forms at least half of the thickness of the floor panel;
wherein the top layer includes a back layer, a printed synthetic film located above the back layer, a transparent or translucent thermoplastic layer located above the printed synthetic film and a lacquer layer located above the transparent or translucent thermoplastic layer;
wherein the back layer includes PVC with plasticizers and fillers;
wherein the transparent or translucent thermoplastic layer includes PVC;
wherein the transparent or translucent thermoplastic layer has a thickness of 1 millimeter or less;
wherein the top layer has a thickness of 0.5 to 3 millimeters;
wherein the floor panel has a thickness of 0.5 to 15 millimeters;
wherein the floor panel is rectangular and oblong and includes a pair of long edges and a pair of short edges;
wherein the floor panel includes first mechanical coupling parts at the pair of long edges and second mechanical coupling parts at the pair of short edges;
wherein the first mechanical coupling parts are arranged for horizontal and vertical locking of two of such floor panels using a turning movement along the respective long edges;
wherein the first mechanical coupling parts include a tongue and a groove;
wherein the tongue and the groove are substantially responsible for the vertical locking;
wherein the tongue and the groove include locking parts substantially responsible for the horizontal locking;
wherein the first mechanical coupling parts are substantially realized in the substrate;
wherein the second mechanical coupling parts comprise a male coupling part and a female coupling part arranged for horizontal and vertical locking of two of such floor panels using a downward movement along the respective short edges;
wherein the downward movement is automatically created by the turning movement along the respective long edges;
wherein the second mechanical coupling parts are substantially realized in the substrate; and
wherein the floor panel has a length of more than 110 centimeters.

US Pat. No. 10,190,319

DEBRIS COLLECTOR FOR ROOF GUTTER SYSTEMS

1. An apparatus for catching debris comprising:a collection assembly, the collection assembly including a screen section and a grab rail, the collection assembly configured to move between a first position and a second position; and
a mounting assembly configured to attach to a gutter, the mounting assembly including a hinge defined by a tee section and a hinge section, the hinge pivotally connecting the mounting assembly to the collection assembly,
wherein the collection assembly includes a tee receiver guide configured to slidably receive the tee section of the hinge,
wherein, when the grab rail is actuated, the collection assembly is moved between the first position and the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,190,308

ROOF TRUSS ASSEMBLY

1. Structure for coverage, comprising:at least one upper (1.1) and lower (1.2) stringer (1);
a plurality of cross-members (12);
a plurality of diagonals (11); and
a plurality of connecting plates (6a, 6b),
wherein a union of stringers (1) and diagonals (11) form beams (2), and a union of stringers (1), cross-members (12) and diagonals (11) form structures (3), each stringer (1) comprising:
a ‘W’ shaped body symmetrical about a central vertical axis comprising two ‘U’ shaped bodies connected by a connection segment (113), wherein each “U” shaped body comprises a pair of spaced apart parallel segments (102, 106, 107, 111), a bottom segment (104, 109) perpendicular to the parallel segments (102, 106, 107, 111), a first angled segment (103, 110) extending between a one of the pair of parallel segments (102, 111) and the bottom segment (104, 109), a second angled segment (105, 108) extending between an other of the pair of parallel segments (106,107) and the bottom segment (104, 109), and a lateral segment (101, 112) extending inwardly into the “U” from a one of the pair of parallel segments (102, 111);
a plurality of holes (5, 7, R) and
a plurality of pairs of opposing fins (9),wherein the fins (9) extend perpendicularly from the connection segment (113),
wherein at least one of the plurality of holes (5, 7, R) is arranged in each of the first angled segment (103, 110), the second angled segment (105, 108), the bottom segment (104, 109), and the connection segment (113), wherein:
in the connection segment (113) are arranged pairs of said opposing fins (9) and at least six connection segment holes (5a, 5b, 5c, 5d, 5e and 5f) arranged longitudinally along the connection segment, wherein at least three of the connection segment holes (5a, 5b, 5c, 5d, 5e and 5f) are located in the connection segment (113) adjacent each side of a pair of fins (9),
in the bottom segment (104 and 109) are arranged four bottom segment holes (7a, 7b, 7c and 7d),
in the second angled segment (105 and 108) are arranged second angled segment holes in rectangular shape (R), a first pair of said bottom segment holes (7a and 7b) being separated by a second angled segment hole (R) from a second pair of said bottom segment holes (7c and 7d); and
in the first angled segment (103 and 110), are arranged twelve first angled segment holes (7e, 7f, 7g 7h,5g, 5h, 5i, 5j, 5l, 5m, 5n and 5o);
wherein, four of the connection segment holes (5a, 5b, 5e and 5f) and eight of the first angled segment holes (5g, 5h, 5i, 5j, 5l, 5m, 5n and 5o) are used to attach at least a portion of the connecting plates (6a, 6b) to the at least one stringer (1), wherein connecting plate holes (10a, 10b, 10c, 10d, 10e, 10f, 10g, 10h) are arranged in order to promote connection by a fastener between the at least one stringer (1) and connecting plates (6a, 6b),
wherein, the connecting plates (6a, 6b) are configured to be arranged on the at least one stringer (1) for connecting an end of said at least one stringer (1) to an end of a second stringer (1), wherein said connecting plates (6a, 6b) comprise:
a ‘U’ shape body with pair of spaced apart parallel connecting plate side segments (601, 603) and a connecting plate bottom segment (602) extending between the connecting plate side segments (601, 603); and
the plurality of connecting plate holes (10a, 10b, 10c, 10d, 10e, 10f, 10g, 10h) in the connecting plate bottom segment (602), said connecting plate holes (10a, 10b, 10c, 10d, 10e, 10f, 10g, 10h) being arranged in a longitudinal direction, wherein a spacing of said connecting plate holes (10a, 10b, 10c, 10d, 10e, 10f, 10g, 10h) is a function of a spacing of the four of the connection segment holes (5a, 5b, 5e and 5f) and a spacing of the eight of the first angled segment holes (5g, 5h, 5i, 5j, 5l, 5m, 5n and 5o) in the at least one stringer (1).

US Pat. No. 10,190,265

COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR PELLETIZED RECYCLED ASPHALT SHINGLES

1. An asphalt pavement comprising:a first stage mix comprising:
recycled asphalt shingles material; and
a softening agent; wherein the softening agent is selected from the group consisting of biofuels, bio-oils, and combinations thereof;
a second stage mix comprising:
virgin recycled asphalt shingles material;
hydrated lime; and,
a water-resistant modified lignin sulfate binder; and
a performance grade neat asphalt,wherein the performance grade neat asphalt is combined with a combination of the second stage mix with the first stage mix.

US Pat. No. 10,190,251

LAUNDRY TREATING APPARATUS HAVING A DETERGENT SUPPLY MODULE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A front-loading laundry treating apparatus, comprising:a cabinet provided with a laundry introduction port for introduction of laundry;
a tub arranged in the cabinet to provide a space to store washing water, wherein the tub communicates with the introduction port;
a detergent supply module positioned under the laundry introduction port and adjacent to a periphery of the laundry introduction port to supply a detergent to the tub, wherein the detergent supply module is detachably provided to the cabinet; and
a water supply channel arranged to connect a water supply source to the tub, wherein the detergent supply module is provided in a space defined between the tub and a door configured to open the introduction port.

US Pat. No. 10,190,250

DRIVING APPARATUS FOR WASHING MACHINE

NEW MOTECH CO., LTD., Gw...

1. A driving apparatus for a washing machine, comprising:a clutch housing comprising a washing shaft and a dewatering shaft penetrating the inside;
an annular clutch holder installed in the lower part of the clutch housing;
a clutch lever hinge-coupled to the clutch holder, including an upper rotation part and a coupler receiving part;
a driving lever having a lever arm interlocking with the upper rotation part of the clutch lever;
a clutch coupler laid on the upper part of the coupler receiving part performing up and down spline movement by the coupler receiving part;
a motor assembly coupled to the lower part of the clutch holder, comprising a stator assembly and a rotor assembly; and
a waterproof cover covering the upper part of the motor assembly;
wherein the waterproof cover comprises a cavity formed in the inside, and at least one coupling protrusion formed being protruded towards the inside of the cavity,
wherein at least one waterproof cover coupling hole is formed in the clutch holder so that the waterproof cover is coupled to the lower part of the clutch housing by coupling the coupling protrusion with the waterproof cover coupling hole.

US Pat. No. 10,190,234

CONTINUOUS SYSTEM FOR FABRICATING MULTILAYER HETEROSTRUCTURES VIA HYDRIDE VAPOR PHASE EPITAXY

Wisconsin Alumni Research...

1. A system for fabricating multilayer heterostructures via hydride vapor phase epitaxy (HVPE), the system comprising:a deposition assembly comprising:
a plurality of deposition chambers and a plurality of separation chambers mounted together, each separation chamber having two opposing ends, each end mounted to a deposition chamber of the plurality of deposition chambers and in fluid communication with the deposition chamber via a fluid pathway, wherein each deposition chamber of the plurality of deposition chambers defines a deposition zone having a height hd, each separation chamber defines a separation zone having a height hs and a length ls, and each fluid pathway has a height hfp, wherein hfp, hs and ls are selected to provide a predetermined interfacial transition region value between different material layers of a multilayer heterostructure; and
a moveable belt configured to continuously convey a substrate mounted thereon through the plurality of deposition chambers and the plurality of separation chambers; and
a gas delivery assembly configured to deliver reactant gas mixtures to the deposition assembly for deposition on the substrate via HVPE.

US Pat. No. 10,190,233

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PRODUCING A GROUP 13 ELEMENT NITRIDE CRYSTAL USING A SHIELDING OBJECT

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Ai...

1. A method of producing a crystal of a nitride of a group 13 element, said method comprising:placing a group 13 element source, a flux comprising at least one of an alkali metal and an alkaline earth metal, and an additive being liquid at an ambient temperature in a crystal growing vessel; and
heating and pressurizing said crystal growing vessel under a nitrogen atom-containing gas atmosphere to form a melt containing said group 13 element source, said flux and said additive,
wherein evaporation of said additive is prevented by a shielding object consisting essentially of said flux until said flux is melted and then said crystal of said nitride of said group 13 element is grown in said melt,
wherein said additive is hydrocarbon or a dopant of said crystal;
wherein said additive is contained in a container; and
wherein the whole of said container is composed of said shielding object and is dissolved into said melt, or wherein said container comprises a main body having a storage part storing said additive and a lid composed of said shielding object, and said lid is dissolved into said melt and said main body is left in said melt.

US Pat. No. 10,190,231

NI-PLATED STEEL SHEET, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING NI-PLATED STEEL SHEET

1. A Ni-plated steel sheet, comprising:a steel sheet;
a first Ni-plated layer which is formed at least on a one-sided surface of the steel sheet and contains Ni; and
a second Ni-plated layer which is formed on the first Ni-plated layer and contains Ni, wherein an average central-line roughness Ra at an interface between the first Ni-plated layer and the second Ni-plated layer is less than 0.1 ?m,
an average central-line roughness Ra of a surface of the second Ni-plated layer is 0.1 ?m to 100 ?m, and
a coating amount of Ni in an entirety of the first Ni-plated layer and the second Ni-plated layer is 20 mg/m2 to 2500 mg/m2 per one-sided surface in terms of metal Ni.

US Pat. No. 10,190,228

COPPER ELECTROPLATING BATHS AND ELECTROPLATING METHODS CAPABLE OF ELECTROPLATING MEGASIZED PHOTORESIST DEFINED FEATURES

Rohm and Haas Electronic ...

1. A method comprising:a) providing a substrate comprising a layer of photoresist, wherein the layer of photoresist comprises a plurality of apertures;
b) providing a copper electroplating bath comprising one or more sources of copper ions, one or more electrolytes, wherein the electrolytes comprise an acid or a mixture of acids and, optionally, a source of halide ions; one or more accelerators; one or more suppressors; one or more first reaction products consisting of a bisepoxide and an aromatic amino acid compound having a formula:

wherein R1 and R2 are independently chosen from hydrogen, —NH2 and —OH; E is nitrogen or CR3; G is nitrogen or CR4 and Z is nitrogen or CR5 with the proviso that only one of E, G and Z is a nitrogen at the same time and R3, R4 and R5 are independently chosen from hydrogen, —NH2 and —OH with the proviso that at least one of R1, R2, R3, R4 and R5 is —NH2; and one or more second reaction products consisting of an imidazole with an epoxide;
c) immersing the substrate comprising the layer of photoresist with the plurality of apertures in the copper electroplating bath; and
d) electroplating a plurality of copper photoresist defined megapillars in the plurality of apertures, wherein the megapillars have aspect ratios of 3:1 to 1:1, and the plurality of copper photoresist defined megapillars comprise an average % TIR of ?5% to +15%.

US Pat. No. 10,190,223

GAS GENERATOR

1. A gas generator, comprising:an electrolytic cell, containing an electrolyzed water including an electrolyte, wherein the electrolytic cell is used for electrolyzing the electrolyzed water to generate a gas with hydrogen, and the electrolytic cell has an outlet for outputting the gas with hydrogen; and
a water-blocking device, configured on the outlet, wherein the water-blocking device is used for preventing the electrolyzed water from flowing out of the electrolytic cell when the electrolytic cell is tilted by a tilt angle.

US Pat. No. 10,190,217

PLASMA FILM-FORMING METHOD AND PLASMA FILM-FORMING APPARATUS

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A plasma film-forming method comprising:placing a workpiece within a chamber;
supplying a film-forming gas into the chamber;
generating plasma within the chamber; and
exciting the film-forming gas by the plasma to form a predetermined film on the workpiece,
wherein helium gas is supplied as a plasma generating gas into the chamber together with the film-forming gas to generate plasma containing the helium gas in the chamber, and
wherein a partial pressure ratio of the film-forming gas to the helium gas is in a range of 0.15 to 2.5.

US Pat. No. 10,190,214

DEPOSITION APPARATUS AND DEPOSITION SYSTEM HAVING THE SAME

ASM IP Holding B.V., Alm...

1. A deposition apparatus comprising:a substrate support having a main surface on which a substrate is placed;
a body disposed on the main surface of the substrate support and comprising a hollow portion having an exposed upper portion;
a plasma electrode unit provided at an inner circumferential surface of the body and defining an upper space and a lower space of the hollow portion, the upper space being filled with an external gas; and
a gas supply unit supplying process gas to the plasma electrode unit,
wherein the body defines a gas exhaust channel therein, the gas exhaust channel extending from the lower space to an exhaust outlet provided at a top of the body, and
wherein the body defines at least one groove therein that is formed on the bottom surface of the body, and the at least one groove is configured to connect an outer region of the body and the gas exhaust channel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,213

DEPOSITION OF METAL BORIDES

ASM IP Holding B.V., Alm...

1. A method of forming a film having a metal boride comprising:providing a substrate for processing in a reaction chamber;
performing a metal precursor deposition onto the substrate, the performing the metal precursor deposition step comprises:
pulsing a metal precursor onto the substrate; and
purging an excess of the metal precursor from the reaction chamber; and
performing a decaborane precursor deposition onto the substrate, the performing the decaborane precursor deposition step comprises:
pulsing a decaborane precursor onto the substrate, wherein prior to entering into the reaction chamber, the decaborane precursor is kept at a temperature not exceeding 65° C.; and
purging an excess of the decaborane precursor from the reaction chamber;
wherein the metal precursor comprises one of: titanium tetrachloride (TiCl4), niobium pentachloride (NbCl5), tantalum pentafluoride (TaF5), and niobium pentafluoride (NbF5) and wherein prior to entering the reaction chamber, the metal halide is kept at temperature ranging between 50° C. and 120° C.;
wherein a reaction between the metal halide precursor and the decaborane precursor forms a film comprising at least one of: titanium boride (TiB), tantalum boride (TaB), or niobium boride (NbB);
wherein the metal precursor deposition step is repeated a predetermined number of times; and
wherein the decaborane precursor deposition step is repeated a predetermined number of times.

US Pat. No. 10,190,212

BROMINE-SENSITIZED SOLAR PHOTOLYSIS OF CARBON DIOXIDE

1. A composition of matter comprising a chemical compound of the formula C2O4Br4.

US Pat. No. 10,190,210

NEAR-FIELD TRANSDUCER HAVING AT LEAST ONE SECONDARY ATOM

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A device having an air bearing surface (ABS), the device comprising:a near field transducer, the near field transducer comprising a peg and a disc, the peg having a region adjacent the ABS, the peg comprising:
a plasmonic material selected from gold (Au), silver (Ag), copper (Cu), ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), aluminum (Al), or combinations thereof; and
at least one other secondary atom selected from germanium (Ge), tellurium (Te), aluminum (Al), antimony (Sb), tin (Sn), mercury (Hg), indium (In), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), silver (Ag), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), and combinations thereof, the concentration of the at least one secondary atom being not less than 0.001 at % and not greater than 30 at % in the peg.

US Pat. No. 10,190,189

SCANDIUM RECOVERY PROCESS

SUMITOMO METAL MINING CO....

1. A method of recovering scandium, comprising:a washing step of washing a mixture containing scandium hydroxide, scandium oxide and/or scandium carbonate and manganese hydroxide, manganese oxide and/or manganese carbonate; and
a dissolution step of dissolving a post-washing sediment containing a scandium compound obtained after washing in the washing step in an acid to leach the scandium in the post-washing sediment into the acid solution, and thereby obtaining a scandium solution and a dissolution residue,
wherein the washing step comprises a step of washing the mixture with water until the pH of a post-washing liquid obtained after washing in the washing step becomes 6 or more.

US Pat. No. 10,190,185

HARDENING METHOD OF ANNULAR WORKPIECE

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A hardening method for an annular workpiece made of metal, comprising:a heating process that heats the annular workpiece to a hardening temperature;
an analyzing process that obtains a diameter of the annular workpiece heated to the hardening temperature, and divides the heated annular workpiece into at least a small diameter portion and a large diameter portion based on the obtained diameter; and
a cooling process that injects cooling liquid under an injection condition toward the annular workpiece that has been divided into at least the large diameter portion and the small diameter portion in the analyzing process such that a dimensional difference between the large diameter portion and the small diameter portion decreases, the injection condition for the large diameter portion being different from the injection condition for the small diameter portion, wherein
in the cooling process, the injection condition of the cooling liquid is adjusted by changing at least one of an injection quantity of the cooling liquid per unit time, an injection start timing of the cooling liquid, and an injection angle of the cooling liquid; and
the division of the large diameter portion and the small diameter portion is made through either process A or process B:
Process A:
determining a virtual center of the heated workpiece;
measuring each position in a circumferential direction of an outer periphery or an inner periphery of the heated workpiece;
obtaining a distance between the virtual center and each position in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece;
converting the obtained distance into a coordinate data in a XY coordinates with the virtual center as an origin;
approximating the coordinate data by a method of least squares and calculating a circle which approximates an outer peripheral shape or an inner peripheral shape of the workpiece;
calculating a distance from a central coordinate of the approximate circle to each of the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece as a radius of each of the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece;
calculating a reference radius which divides the large diameter portion from the small diameter portion based on a first radius of a first virtual circle and a second radius of a second virtual circle, the first virtual circle being a circle which is centered around the central coordinate and in which a maximum value among the radii at the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece obtained is taken as a radius of the first virtual circle, the second virtual circle being a circle which is centered around the central coordinate and in which a minimum value among the radii at the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece obtained is taken as a radius of the second virtual circle;
calculating an average of the radius of the first virtual circle and the radius of the second virtual circle as a reference radius;
virtually dividing the work piece into a plurality of workpiece fragments such that central angles of the workpiece fragments in the circumferential direction of the first virtual circle or the second virtual circle are equal;
calculating an average value of the radii of the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece for each of the workpiece fragments;
dividing a workpiece fragment of which the average value of the radii is greater than the reference radius as a large diameter portion and dividing a workpiece fragment of which the average value of the radii is smaller than or equal to the reference radius as a small diameter portion;
Process B:
determining a virtual center of the heated workpiece;
measuring each portion in a circumferential direction of an outer periphery or an inner periphery of the heated workpiece;
obtaining a distance between the virtual center and each position in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece; converting the obtained distance into a coordinate data in a XY coordinates with the virtual center as an origin;
approximating the coordinate data by a method of least squares and calculating a circle which approximates an outer peripheral shape or an inner peripheral shape of the workpiece;
calculating a distance from a central coordinate of the approximate circle to each of the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece as a radius of each of the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece; virtually dividing the work piece into a plurality of workpiece fragments such that central angles of the workpiece fragments in the circumferential direction of the workpiece are equal;
calculating an average value of the radii of the positions in the circumferential direction of the outer periphery or the inner periphery of the workpiece for each of the workpiece fragments;
dividing a workpiece fragment of which the average value of the radii is greater than a radius of the approximate circle as a large diameter portion and dividing a workpiece fragment of which the average value of the radii is smaller than or equal to the radius of the approximate circle as a small diameter portion.

US Pat. No. 10,190,158

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR SELECTIVELY ADDRESSING SPARSELY ARRANGED ELECTRONIC MEASUREMENT DEVICES

Pacific Biosciences of Ca...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of sectors arranged on the substrate, wherein each sector in the plurality of sectors comprises:
a programmable switch controller;
a counter bias line;
an amplifier input line;
a plurality of nano-electronic measurement devices spatially arranged on the substrate, wherein
each respective nano-electronic measurement device in the plurality of nano-electronic measurement devices includes a source that is coupled to the counter bias line and a drain that is coupled to the amplifier input line thereby obtaining an electrical signal on the drain of the respective nano-electronic measurement device,
the electrical signal is any one of a discrete set of electrical signals,
an identity of the electrical signal in the discrete set of electrical signals is determined by an electrical interaction between the corresponding nano-electronic measurement device and a particular charge label in a plurality of charge labels; and
a plurality of switches, wherein each switch in the plurality of switches gates the electrical signal between the drain of a corresponding nano-electronic measurement device in the plurality of nano-electronic measurement devices and the amplifier input line between
(i) an on state, in which the electrical signal at the drain of the corresponding nano-electronic measurement device is delivered to the amplifier input line, and
(ii) an off state, in which the electrical signal at the drain of the corresponding nano-electronic measurement device is not delivered to the amplifier input line, wherein
each respective switch in the plurality of switches is independently wired to the programmable switch controller thereby causing the respective switch to be in one of the on state and the off state responsive to the programmable switch controller.

US Pat. No. 10,190,089

MODULAR SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING MICROORGANISMS

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A method for detecting a microorganism, the method comprising(i) inserting a culture device into a modular system, the modular system comprising a plurality of freestanding modules, the plurality of freestanding modules including:
a freestanding first module configured to hold a stomacher bag comprising a liquid sample;
a freestanding second module configured to transfer the liquid sample to the culture device; and
a freestanding third module comprising a housing and a detector, wherein a first slot, a second slot, and a third slot are formed in the housing of the freestanding third module, the freestanding third module configured to receive the culture device through the first slot;
interlocking features to align two or more freestanding modules of the plurality of freestanding modules; and
a data processor, wherein the data processor is programmed to:
receive at least one user-established preset criterion that defines a quantity of microorganism colonies;
receive colony count information from the detector;
compare the colony count information to the at least one preset criterion to determine whether one or more conditions exist in the culture device;
configure the freestanding third module to eject the culture device through the second slot when the one or more conditions exist in the culture device; and
configure the freestanding third module to eject the culture device through the third slot when the one or more conditions do not exist in the culture device;
(ii) analyzing the culture device for colony count information with the detector; and
(iii) provide the colony count information from the detector to the data processor.

US Pat. No. 10,190,088

ORGANISM CULTURING SYSTEM AND ORGANISM CULTURING METHOD

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...

12. A method for culturing an organism, comprising:storing a light-absorbing solution that absorbs more light in a second wavelength range than light in a first wavelength range in a liquid storage vessel, wherein the second wavelength range is at a shorter wavelength side than the first wavelength range,
storing a culture solution containing a photosynthetic organism to be cultured in a culture vessel,
disposing the culture vessel in the liquid storage vessel,
measuring the quantity of light that the culture vessel receives separately for different wavelength ranges using a first measuring unit,
measuring the quantity of external light surrounding the liquid storage vessel using a second light quantity measuring unit, and
controlling the liquid depth from the surface of the light-absorbing solution to the culture vessel in the liquid storage vessel based on the quantity of external light surrounding the liquid storage vessel and on the quantity of light measured for different wavelength ranges on the surface of the culture vessel,
wherein light intensity is decreased while the proportion of light in the first wavelength range and the second wavelength range is maintained, by controlling the liquid depth.

US Pat. No. 10,190,079

COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING ONE OR MORE POLY ALPHA-1,3-GLUCAN ETHER COMPOUNDS

E I DU PONT DE NEMOURS AN...

1. A composition comprising a cellulase and a poly alpha-1,3-glucan compound comprising the structure:
wherein
(i) n is at least 6,
(ii) each R is independently H or a positively charged organic group, wherein at least one R group is a positively charged organic group,
(iii) the poly alpha-1,3-glucan compound has a degree of substitution of about 0.05 to about 3.0 with the positively charged organic group, and
(iv) at least 90% of the glycosidic linkages of the poly alpha-1,3-glucan compound are alpha-1,3 glycosidic linkages.

US Pat. No. 10,190,078

DETERGENT

1. An automatic dishwashing detergent composition comprising:a) from about 0.1% to about 20% by weight of a cleaning surfactant selected from the group consisting of an anionic surfactant, a zwitterionic surfactant, an amphoteric surfactant, and mixtures thereof;
b) from about 0.1% to about 20% by weight of a cleaning amine,wherein the amine is a polyetheramine selected from the group consisting of polyetheramines of Formula (I), Formula (II), Formula (III) and a mixture thereof:
wherein each of R1-R12 is independently selected from H, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, alkylaryl, or arylalkyl, wherein at least one of R1-R6 and at least one of R7-R12 is different from H, each of A1-A9 is independently selected from linear or branched alkylenes having about 2 to about 18 carbon atoms, each of Z1-Z4 is independently selected from OH or NH2, wherein at least one of Z1-Z2 and at least one of Z3—Z4 is NH2, wherein the sum of x+y is in the range of about 2 to about 200, wherein x?1 and y?1, and the sum of x1+y1 is in the range of about 2 to about 200, wherein x1?1 and y1?1

wherein R is selected from H or a C1-C6 alkyl group, each of k1, k2, and k3 is independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6, each of A1, A2, A3, A4, A5, and A6 is independently selected from a linear or branched alkylene group having from about 2 to about 18 carbon atoms or mixtures thereof, x?1, y?1, and z?1, and the sum of x+y+z is in the range of from about 3 to about 100, each of Z1, Z2, and Z3 is independently selected from NH2 or OH, where at least two of Z1, Z2, and Z3 are NH2; and the polyetheramine has a weight average molecular weight of from about 150 to about 1000 grams/mole.

US Pat. No. 10,190,069

LUBRICATING COMPOSITION CONTAINING A THIOCARBAMATE COMPOUND

The Lubrizol Corporation,...

1. A lubricating composition comprising an oil of lubricating viscosity and 0.01 wt % to 5 wt % of an ashless sulfur containing compound comprising a thiocarbamate compound having an optionally-substituted hydrocarbyl group on an S-atom and an optionally-substituted hydrocarbyl group on an N-atom,wherein the ashless thiocarbamate compound having an optionally-substituted hydrocarbyl group on an S-atom and an optionally-substituted hydrocarbyl group on an N-atom is represented by the formula (4):
whereinY is S;R2 is a hydrocarbyl group consisting of 6 to 20 carbon atoms;R3 is a hydrocarbylene group; andR4 is a hydrocarbyl group consisting of 6 to 20 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,190,065

FEED DELIVERY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GASIFIER

1. A system for processing material for a gasifier, said system comprising:a first auger feeder adapted to receive and process material to be gasified;
an inclined conveyor adapted to receive said material processed by said first auger feeder, said conveyor adapted to transfer said material;
a second auger feeder positioned above said first auger feeder and adapted to receive said material transferred by said conveyor, said second auger feeder adapted to feed said material;
a tube connected to said second auger feeder such that said tube is adapted to receive said material from said second auger feeder, said tube comprising:
i) a body connected to said second auger feeder, said body having an inner wall that defines an opening adapted to receive said material from said second auger feeder such that said body is adapted to allow a flow of said material through said opening and out of said tube to said gasifier; and
ii) at least one restrictor that extends inwardly from said inner wall of said body into said opening, said at least one restrictor adapted to extend into said flow of said material to impede said flow, said at least one restrictor configured to enable said flow to flow around said at least one restrictor to exit out of said tube, wherein each said restrictor is adjustable such that a respective position of each said restrictor is adapted to be adjusted relative to said inner wall; and
a gasifier connected to said tube such that said gasifier is adapted to receive said material from said tube.

US Pat. No. 10,190,064

INTEGRATED PROCESS FOR SIMULTANEOUS REMOVAL AND VALUE ADDITION TO THE SULFUR AND AROMATICS COMPOUNDS OF GAS OIL

1. An integrated process for simultaneous removal and value addition to sulfur and aromatics compounds of a gas oil comprising:(i) distilling a gas oil under vacuum or positive pressure in the range of 40-2280 mm Hg and a temperature in the range 100-350° C. to obtain a refractive sulfur and polyaromatics lean lighter fraction of gas oil (LFGO), and a refractive sulfur and polyaromatics rich heavy fraction (HFGO) of gas oil;
(ii) mixing the HFGO obtained in step (i) with a polar solvent in a continuous extraction column at a temperature in the range of 30 to 70° C. with a solvent to feed ratio in the range of 0.5 to 4.0 to obtain a raffinate lean in refractive sulfur and polyaromatics and an extract rich in refractive sulfur and polyaromatics compounds;
(iii) washing the raffinate obtained in step (ii) with water generating water containing a small amount of solvent and a solvent free raffinate;
(iv) mixing the extract obtained in step (ii) with an anti-solvent in a single stage mixture settler, to obtain a pseudo raffinate (PSR) hydrocarbon and a solvent rich extract containing an enhanced concentration of sulfur and aromatic compounds;
(v) subjecting the solvent rich extract obtained in step (iv) and the water containing a small amount of solvent obtained from wash zones obtained in step (iii) to a solvent recovery column for recovery of an aqueous solvent and an extract hydrocarbon stream;
(vi) distilling the aqueous solvent obtained in step (v) to separate water and dry solvent with a water concentration in the range of 0.0 to 10.0% for its reuse in the process;
(vii) subjecting a fraction of the pseudo raffinate (PSR) hydrocarbon obtained in step (iv) in the range of 5% to 50% to a continuous extraction column;
(viii) subjecting a portion of the pseudo raffinate (PSR) hydrcarbon obtained in step (iv) in the range of 50% to 95% to a hydrocracker to obtain a gas oil of reduced sulfur and aromatics level, wherein the gas oil has sulfur less than 10 ppmw;
(ix) routing the extract hydrocarbon stream obtained in step (v) as a feed stock to carbon black generation unit to produce carbon or delayed coker unit to obtain reduced sulfur products;
(x) hydrotreating the refractive sulfur and polyaromatics lean lighter fraction of gas oil (LFGO) obtained in step (i), the solvent free raffinate as obtained in step (iii), or a mixture of the LFGO and the solvent free raffinate in the presence of hydrogen and metallic catalyst to produce a desulfurized gas oil having sulfur less than 75 ppmw; and
(xi) blending of the desulfurized gas oil having sulfur less than 75 ppmw obtained in step (x) with the gas oil having sulfur less than 10 ppmw obtained in step (viii) to produce a blended low sulfur gas oil wherein the sulfur in the blended low sulfur gas oil is less than 70 ppmw.

US Pat. No. 10,190,059

PROCESS FOR THE HYDROTREATMENT OF RENEWABLE MATERIALS, WITH AN OPTIMIZED GAS RECYCLE

IFP Energies Nouvelles, ...

1. A process for the hydrotreatment of a feed obtained from renewable sources to produce paraffinic hydrocarbons which is carried out in the presence of hydrogen in a fixed bed reactor having a plurality of catalytic zones disposed in series and each catalytic zone comprising at least one hydrotreatment catalyst, said process comprising:a) dividing a liquid feed stream F into a plurality of different part-streams of liquid feed, F1 to Fn, respectively, wherein the number of part-streams of liquid feed is equal to the number of catalytic zones n in said fixed bed reactor, Z1 to Zn, respectively, and n is a whole number in the range of 2 to 10;
b) injecting a first part-stream of liquid feed F1 into a first catalytic zone Z1, and injecting a second part-stream of liquid feed F2 into a second catalytic zone Z2 and so on if n is greater than 2;
c) hydrotreating each part-stream, F1 to Fn, in each catalytic zone, Z1 to Zn, respectively, in the presence of hydrogen at a temperature in the range of 180° C. to 400° C., at a pressure in the range of 0.1 MPa to 15 MPa, at an hourly space velocity in the range of 0.1 h?1 to 10 h?1, and with a ratio of flow rate of hydrogen to flow rate of liquid feed in the range of 150 to 1500 Nm3/m3 to produce at least one effluent containing paraffinic hydrocarbons discharged from said reactor, wherein the mass flow rate of hydrogen sent to the first catalytic zone Z1 represents more than 80% by weight of the total mass flow rate of hydrogen used in the hydrotreatment process, hydrotreated product and hydrogen-containing gas are discharged from each catalytic zone, and, except for the nth catalytic zone, the hydrotreated product and hydrogen-containing gas from each catalytic zone are introduced into the next catalytic zone in the series, and the hydrotreated product and hydrogen-containing gas from the nth catalytic zone form said at least one effluent discharged from said reactor;
d) separating said effluent from c) in at least one separation step in order to separate at least one gaseous fraction containing hydrogen and at least one liquid fraction containing paraffinic hydrocarbons;
e) dividing at least a portion of said at least one liquid fraction containing paraffinic hydrocarbons from d) into a plurality of liquid recycle streams, RL1 to RLn, and recycling a first liquid recycle stream RL1 to the first catalytic zone Z1, and recycling a second liquid recycle stream RL2 to the second catalytic zone Z2 and so on if n is greater than 2; and
f) optionally dividing at least a portion of said gaseous fraction containing hydrogen from d) into a plurality of gaseous recycle streams, RG1 to RGn, and optionally recycling a first gaseous recycle stream RG1 to the first catalytic zone Z1, and optionally recycling a second gaseous recycle stream RG2 to the second catalytic zone Z2 and so on if n is greater than 2;
wherein each of the catalytic zones has a local recycle ratio which is defined as the weight ratio between (i) the total weight of the liquid recycle stream introduced to the catalytic zone plus any the liquid recycle streams introduced into any previous catalytic zone in the series, if present, and (ii) the part-stream of liquid feed introduced into the catalytic zone, and wherein said local recycle ratio of each catalytic zone is >0 to 2;
wherein the first catalytic zone of the series receives a liquid diluting stream and optionally a gaseous diluting stream, wherein the optional gaseous diluting stream is the first gaseous recycle stream from f);
wherein each of the other catalytic zones, Z2 to Zn, in the series receives liquid and gaseous diluting streams, wherein said liquid diluting streams are: (1) the part-stream(s) of liquid feed streams introduced into each of the previous catalytic zones in the series, if present, (2) the liquid recycle streams from e) introduced into each of the previous catalytic zones in the series, if present, and (3) the liquid recycle stream from e) introduced into the catalytic zone, and said gaseous diluting streams are: (4) the hydrogen-containing gas discharged from the previous catalytic zone in the series, if present, (5) the optional gaseous recycle streams from f) introduced into each of the previous catalytic zones in the series, if present, and (6) the optional gaseous recycle stream from f) introduced into the catalytic zone; and
wherein each of the catalytic zones has a local dilution ratio defined as the weight ratio between (I) the total quantity of liquid and gaseous diluting streams introduced into the catalytic zone and (II) the part-stream of liquid feed introduced into the catalytic zone, and wherein said local dilution ratio of each catalytic zone is >0 to less than 4.

US Pat. No. 10,190,056

CONVERSION OF SOLID BIOMASS INTO A LIQUID HYDROCARBON MATERIAL

SHELL OIL COMPANY, Houst...

1. A process for producing liquid hydrocarbon products from a solid biomass feedstock comprising:a) providing in a hydropyrolysis reactor vessel a hydropyrolysis catalyst composition that comprises one or more active metals selected from cobalt, molybdenum, nickel, tungsten, ruthenium, platinum, palladium, iridium and iron on an oxide support, wherein the active metals are present in a partially sulfided form to the extent that the hydropyrolysis catalyst composition contains sulfur in an amount of from 10 to 90% of a full stoichiometric amount;
b) contacting the solid biomass feedstock with the hydropyrolysis catalyst composition and molecular hydrogen in the hydropyrolysis reactor vessel at a temperature in the range of from 350 to 600° C. and a pressure in the range of from 0.50 to 7.50 MPa, to produce a product stream comprising partially deoxygenated hydropyrolysis product, H2O, H2, CO2, CO, C1-C3 gases, char and catalyst fines;
c) removing the char and catalyst fines from the product stream;
d) hydroconverting the partially deoxygenated hydropyrolysis product in a hydroconversion reactor vessel in the presence of one or more hydroconversion catalyst and of the H2O, CO2, CO, H2, and C1-C3 gas generated in step a), to produce a vapour phase product comprising substantially fully deoxygenated hydrocarbon product, H2O, CO, CO2, hydrogen and C1-C3 gases.

US Pat. No. 10,190,055

REVERSE EMULSION BREAKER COPOLYMERS

Ecolab USA Inc., St. Pau...

1. A method of resolving a reverse emulsion in produced fluid of an oil production system comprising adding a reverse emulsion breaker to a produced fluid of the oil production system in an amount effective for resolving the reverse emulsion, the reverse emulsion breaker comprising a structured copolymer derived from the monomers of Formulae 1, 2, and 3:whereinR1, R2, and R3 are independently hydrogen or alkyl;
R4, R5, R6, R7, and R8 are independently alkyl;
A is independently —NH— or —O—;
p and q are independently an integer from 1 to 6; and
the weight average molecular weight of the structured copolymer is from about 20,000 to about 2,000,000 Daltons.

US Pat. No. 10,190,052

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR REGULATING AND CONTROLLING THE GAS PRESSURE

1. A device for regulating or controlling an individual gas pressure of each individual oven of a coke oven battery, the device comprising:a rising-pipe bend;
a water seal;
an immersion cup;
an actuator;
an immersion pipe that extends above the immersion cup and that is associated with a lower end of the rising-pipe bend via the water seal, the immersion pipe being supported such that it is vertically adjustable by means of the actuator so that the immersion pipe is immersible to different depths into the immersion cup for causing a change in pressure; and
a sleeve arranged in the rising-pipe bend which serves to position the immersion pipe, wherein a lower end of the sleeve is connected via at least one conduit to the water seal, and wherein a water supply, for feeding the water seal, and the actuator are provided at an upper end of the sleeve, outside the rising-pipe bend.

US Pat. No. 10,190,050

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal composition, comprising:a liquid crystal compound; and
a liquid crystal aligning agent comprising at least one compound represented by Formula 1:

wherein in Formula 1,
X—* is a C1-20-alkyl-*,

-L1-* is a single bond, *—(CH2)p1—*, *—O(CH2)p1—*, *—O—*,
*—CH?CH—*, or *—C?C—*, wherein p1 is an integer of 1 to 10;-L2-* is a single bond, *—(CH2)p2—*, *—O(CH2)p2—*, *—O—*,
*—CH?CH—*, or *—C?C—*, wherein p2 is an integer of 1 to 10;-L3-* is a single bond, *—(CH2)p3—*, *—O(CH2)p3—*, *—O—*,
*—CH?CH—*, or *—C?C—*, wherein p3 is an integer of 1 to 10;*-L1-*, *-L2-*, and *-L3-* are identical to or different from one another;
*—C—* is a substituted or unsubstituted cyclic linking group, which is substituted or unsubstituted
substituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedsubstituted or unsubstitutedor substituted or unsubstitutedwherein at least one hydrogen in the substituted cyclic linking group is substituted with a C1-10-alkyl-*, F—*, Br—*, I—*, *—OH, *—NH2, or a C1-10-((meth)acryloxy)alkyl-*;*—R—* is *—(CH2)q—*, *—O(CH2)q—*, *—(CH2)qArn-*, or *—O(CH2)qArn-*, wherein Arn is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-30 arylene and q is an integer of 1 to 10, wherein at least one hydrogen in the substituted C6-30 arylene is substituted with a C1-10-alkyl-*, F—*, Br—*, I—*, *—OH, *—NH2, or a C1-10-((meth)acryloxy)alkyl-*;
*—Y is
wherein n is an integer of 0 to 5;n1 is an integer of 1 to 3,
n2 and m are each independently 0 or 1, and
“*” indicates a point of attachment.

US Pat. No. 10,190,049

MESOGENIC MEDIA AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY

MERCK PATENT GMBH, Darms...

1. Medium comprising one or more bimesogenic compounds, one or more nematogenic compound, one or more chiral compound and one or more compounds of formula I,R11-A11-(Z12-A12)m-AG  I
in which,
A11 and A12 each, independently of one another, denote an aryl-, heteroaryl-, heterocyclic- or alicyclic group optionally being substituted by one or more identical or different groups L,
L in each case, independently of one another, denotes, halogen, —CN, —NO2, —NCO, —NCS, —OCN, —SCN, straight-chain or branched alkyl or alkoxy having 1 to 5 C atoms, where, in addition, one or more non-terminal CH2 groups in these radicals may each be replaced, independently of one another, by —C?C—, —CF2O—, —CH?CH—,
—O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO— in such a way that O atoms are not linked directly to one another, and in which, in addition, one or more H atoms may be replaced by halogen,Z12 in each case, independently of one another, denotes
—O—, —S—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —S—CO—, —CO—S—, —O—COO—, —CO—NR0—, —NR0-CO—, —NR0-CO—NR00, —NR0-CO—O—,
—O—CO—NR0—, —OCH2—, —CH2O—, —SCH2—, —CH2S—, —CF2O—, —OCF2—, —CF2S—, —SCF2—, —CH2CH2—, —(CH2)4—, —CF2CH2—, —CH2CF2—, —CF2CF2—, —CH?N—, —N?CH—, —N?N—,
—CH?CR0—, —CY01?CY02—, —C?C—, —CH?CH—COO—,
—OCO—CH?CH—, or a single bond,
Y01 and Y02 each, independently of one another, denote H, F, Cl or CN,
R0 and R00 each, independently of one another, denote H or alkyl having 1 to 12 C atoms,
R11 denotes an alkyl or alkoxy radical having 1 to 15 C atoms, where, in addition, one or more non-terminal CH2 groups in these radicals may each be replaced, independently of one another, by —C?C—, —CF2O—, —CH?CH—,

 —O—, —CO—O—, —O—CO— in such a way that O atoms are not linked directly to one another, and in which, in addition, one or more H atoms may be replaced by halogen,
AG denotes -Sp-X11,
Sp denotes —(CH2)—,
p denotes 0, 1 or 2,
X11 denotes a group —NH2, —SH, —OH, —(CO)OH or a group of the formulae
andm denotes 0, 1 or 2;wherein:the one or more bimesogenic compound is selected from the group of compounds of formulae A-I to A-III,

wherein
R1 and R12,
R21 and R22,
and R31 and R32 are each independently H, F, Cl, CN, NCS or a straight-chain or branched alkyl group with 1 to 25 C atoms which may be unsubstituted, mono- or polysubstituted by halogen or CN, it being also possible for one or more non-adjacent CH2 groups to be replaced, in each occurrence independently from one another, by —O—, —S—, —NH—, —N(CH3)—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —O—CO—O—, —S—CO—, —CO—S—, —CH?CH—, —CH?CF—, —CF?CF— or —C?C— in such a manner that oxygen atoms are not linked directly to one another,
MG11 and MG12,
MG21 and MG22, and
MG31 and MG32 are each independently a mesogenic group,
Sp1, Sp2 and Sp3 are each independently a spacer group comprising 5 to 40 C atoms, wherein one or more non-adjacent CH2 groups, with the exception of the CH2 groups of Sp1 linked to O-MG11 and/or O-MG12, of Sp2 linked to MG21 and/or MG22 and of Sp3 linked to X31 and X32, may also be replaced by —O—, —S—, —NH—, —N(CH3)—, —CO—, —O—CO—,
—S—CO—, —O—COO—, —CO—S—, —CO—O—,
—CH(halogen)-, —CH(CN)—, —CH?CH— or —C?C—, in such a way that no two O-atoms are adjacent to one another, no two —CH?CH— groups are adjacent to each other, and no two groups selected from —O—CO—, —S—CO—, —O—COO—, —CO—S—, —CO—O— and —CH?CH— are adjacent to each other, and
X31 and X32 are independently from one another a linking group selected from —CO—O—, —O—CO—, —CH?CH—,
—C?C— or —S—, and, alternatively, one of them may also be either —O— or a single bond, and, again alternatively, one of them may be —O— and the other one a single bond;
the one or more nematogenic compound is selected from the group of compounds of formulae B-I to B-III,

wherein
RB1, RB21,
RB22, RB31 and
RB32 are each independently H, F, Cl, CN, NCS or a straight-chain or branched alkyl group with 1 to 25 C atoms which may be unsubstituted, mono- or polysubstituted by halogen or CN, it being also possible for one or more non-adjacent CH2 groups to be replaced, in each occurrence independently from one another, by —O—, —S—, —NH—, —N(CH3)—, —CO—,
—COO—, —OCO—, —O—CO—O—, —S—CO—, —CO—S—, —CH?CH—, —CH?CF—, —CF?CF— or —C?C— in such a manner that oxygen atoms are not linked directly to one another,
XB1 is F, Cl, CN, NCS,
ZB1, ZB2 and
ZB3 are in each occurrence independently —CH2—CH2—,
—CO—O—, —O—CO—, —CF2-O—, —O— CF2—, —CH?CH— or a single bond,
are in each occurrence independently
alternatively one or more of
areandn is 1, 2 or 3; and
the one or more chiral compound is selected from the group of compounds of formulae C-I to C-III,

the latter ones including the respective (S,S) enantiomers,
and wherein
E and F are each independently 1,4-phenylene or trans-1,4-cyclohexylene,
v is 0 or 1,
Z0 is —COO—, —OCO—, —CH2CH2— or a single bond, and
R is alkyl, alkoxy or alkanoyl with 1 to 12 C atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,190,043

COMPOSITIONS COMPRISING QUANTUM DOTS

Merck Patent GmbH, Darms...

1. An electroluminescent device comprising a light emitting layer consisting of one type of quantum dot and one type of organic emitter, wherein said organic emitter is a phosphorescent, non-conjugated polymeric compound that includes at least one unit comprising a host compound, and a metal complex, the metal selected from a transition, a rare earth, a lanthanide, or an actinide metal, and the concentration of the quantum dots in the composition is in a range from 0.1 to 20 wt %;wherein the quantum dot is selected from the group consisting of CdSe, CdS, CdTe, ZnSe, ZnS, ZnTe, alloys thereof, combinations thereof, core/shell structures thereof, and core multi-shell layered structures thereof, with a trioctylphosphine oxide coating the surface of the quantum dot;
wherein the one organic emitter is a phosphorescent, non-conjugated polymer that includes a repeat unit selected from formula (77) or (78)

 wherein X and Y are independently selected from H, F, an alkyl group with 1 to 40 carbon atoms, an alkenyl group with 2 to 40 carbon atoms, an alkynyl group with 2 to 40 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group with 6 to 40 carbon atoms, and a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group, wherein the heteroaryl group has 5 to 25 ring members.

US Pat. No. 10,190,038

METHOD OF USING SOPHOROLIPIDS IN WELL TREATMENT OPERATIONS

Baker Hughes, a GE Compan...

1. A method of enhancing recovery of a well treatment fluid from a well after subjecting the well to a well treatment operation with the well treatment fluid, the method comprising pumping into the well the well treatment fluid and then, after completion of the well treatment operation, recovering the well treatment fluid from the well, the well treatment fluid comprising at least one sophorolipidic compound selected from the group consisting of:

US Pat. No. 10,190,034

NON-REDUCING STABILIZATION COMPLEXANT FOR ACIDIZING COMPOSITIONS AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method of reducing viscosifying tendencies of crude oil in a subterranean formation comprising:combining an effective amount of a solid acid chelating agent and an aqueous acid solution to form a treatment fluid, wherein the solid acid chelating agent comprises N-phosphonomethyl iminodiacetic acid (PMIDA);
introducing the treatment fluid into the subterranean formation, wherein the subterranean formation has a bottomhole temperature in excess of 350° F.;
contacting the crude oil with the treatment fluid; and
preventing an increase in viscosity of the crude oil.

US Pat. No. 10,190,010

INK, INK CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE RECORDING METHOD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An ink comprising:a pigment;
a water-soluble organic solvent; and
a surfactant,
wherein the ink has a viscosity of 5 mPa·s or more at 25° C.,
wherein a static surface tension of the ink as measured at 25° C. using a Wilhelmy method is from 31.0 mN/m to 35.0 mN/m, and
wherein a dynamic surface tension of the ink as measured at 25° C. using a maximum bubble pressure method is from 30.5 mN/m to 37.0 mN/m when a bubble life time is 150 msec.

US Pat. No. 10,190,007

INK, INK CONTAINER, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND IMAGE FORMED MATTER

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. An ink, comprising:a colorant;
an organic solvent;
water; and
a surfactant comprising at least one polyether-modified siloxane compound selected from the group consisting of compounds of formulae (III), (IV), (V), and (VI),

where in the formula (III), m represents an integer in a range of from 0 through 23, n represents an integer in a range of from 1 through 10, a represents an integer in a range of from 1 through 23, b represents an integer in a range of from 0 through 23, and R represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group that comprises 1 through 4 carbon atoms,

where in the formula (IV), m represents an integer in a range of from 1 through 8, c and d represent an integer in a range of from 1 through 10, and R2 and R3 represent a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group that comprises 1 through 4 carbon atoms,

where in the formula (V), e represents an integer in a range of from 1 through 8 and R4 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group that comprises 1 through 4 carbon atoms,

where in the formula (VI), f represents an integer in a range of from 1 through 8 and R5 represents a polyether group represented by the formula (A),

where in the general formula (A), g represents an integer in a range of from 0 through 23, h represents an integer in a range of from 0 through 23, where g and h do not take 0 at a same time, and R6 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group that comprises 1 through 4 carbon atoms,
wherein the organic solvent comprises at least one organic solvent having a solubility parameter of greater than or equal to 9 but less than 11.8,
wherein a content of the organic solvent having a solubility parameter of greater than or equal to 9 but less than 11.8 is greater than or equal to 20% by mass of a total amount of the ink,
wherein a dynamic surface tension A of the ink at 25° C. at a surface lifetime, measured by a maximum foaming pressure method, of 15 msec is less than or equal to 34.0 mN/m, and
wherein the dynamic surface tension A and a static surface tension B of the ink at 25° C. satisfy a formula of 10.0%?[(A?B)/(A+B)]×100?19.0%.

US Pat. No. 10,189,998

DOPED NICKEL OXIDE INTERFACIAL LAYER

Hunt Energy Enterprises, ...

1. A photovoltaic device comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode; and
an active layer disposed at least partially between the first and second electrodes, the active layer comprising: an NiO interfacial layer doped with copper that is adjacent to and in contact with a perovskite material photoactive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,189,986

ACRYLAMIDE-BASED COPOLYMERS, TERPOLYMERS, AND USE AS HYDRATE INHIBITORS

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A terpolymer having General Formula (I):
in which:
R1, R2, and R3 are each independently chosen from C1 to C8 saturated aliphatic groups,
R4 is chosen from divalent C4 to C7 linear aliphatic groups or divalent C4 to C7 linear heteroaliphatic groups, optionally substituted with one or more C1-C6 linear aliphatic groups, C1-C6 branched aliphatic groups, or combination thereof, where the divalent C4 to C7 linear heteroaliphatic groups comprise 1 or 2 heteroatoms independently chosen from O, N, or S,
R5, R6, and R7 are each independently chosen from methyl or hydrogen,
x is a molar fraction range chosen from greater than 0 to 0.8,
y is a molar fraction range chosen from greater than 0 to 0.8,
z is a molar fraction range chosen from 0.1 to 0.9, where the summation of x, y, and z equals 1, and
the terpolymer is random.

US Pat. No. 10,189,978

RUBBER COMPOSITION COMPRISING A HIGHLY SATURATED DIENE ELASTOMER

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A rubber composition comprising a reinforcing filler and an elastomer matrix comprising a highly saturated diene elastomer,wherein the highly saturated diene elastomer comprises at least units of A, B, C, D and E, distributed randomly within the highly saturated diene elastomer:

wherein R1 and R2, which are identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom, a methyl radical or a phenyl radical, which is substituted or unsubstituted in the ortho, meta or para position by a methyl radical,
wherein (D) is a divalent hydrocarbon-based ring with 6 carbon atoms of 1,2-cyclohexane type,
wherein (E) is a divalent hydrocarbon-based ring with 6 carbon atoms of 1,4-cyclohexane type,
wherein m, n, o, p and q are numbers ranging from 0 to 100, and
wherein the highly saturated diene elastomer satisfies the following:
m+n+o+p+q=100,
m?50,
n+o+p+q?10, and
15?p+q?2.

US Pat. No. 10,189,948

ISATIN COPOLYMERS HAVING INTRINSIC MICROPOROSITY

Dow Global Technologies L...

1. A copolymer comprising a repeating unit represented by:wherein:Y is selected from: a carboxylic acid, sulfonic, phosphorous acid and phosphoric acid and their corresponding salt or ester, imino, amide; nitrile, hydrogen, hydroxyl and alkyl comprising from 1 to 6 carbon atoms; and
R1, R2, R3, and R4 are independently selected from: hydrogen, alkyl groups comprising from 1 to 6 carbon atoms, and R1 and R2 may collectively form a ketone group or a 9,9?-fluorene group, and R3 and R4 may collectively form a ketone group or a 9,9?-fluorene group;
R5 and R6 are independently selected from: a bond and an alkylene group comprising from 1 to 6 carbon atoms;
R7 is selected from: hydrogen, alkyl, aryl, aralkyl and heteroaryl groups comprising from 1 to 8 carbon atoms which may be unsubstituted or substituted with carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid and phosphoric acid and their corresponding salt or ester, imino and amide; and
X and X? are independently selected from: a carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid and phosphoric acid and their corresponding salt or ester, imino and amide; nitrile, hydrogen, alkyl having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms and alkoxy having from 1 to 6 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,189,917

FLUORINATED CATALYST SUPPORTS AND CATALYST SYSTEMS

Univation Technologies, L...

1. A method for making a fluorinated catalyst support, comprising:forming a mixture of a support material and a first portion of a fluoride donor, where the support material is an inorganic oxide;
adding the mixture to a fluidized bed reactor;
fluidizing the mixture in the fluidized bed reactor with a fluidizing gas at a flow rate that forms a fluidized bed with a height to diameter ratio of at least about 2.3; and
calcining the mixture to decompose the fluoride donor and fluorinate the support material thereby forming a partially fluorided support, and
adding a second portion of the fluoride donor to the partially fluorided support;
calcining the second portion of the fluoride donor to the partially fluorided support to form the fluorinated catalyst support.

US Pat. No. 10,189,787

INHIBITORS OF HISTONE DEMETHYLASES

Gilead Sciences, Inc., F...

1. A compound of Formula (I)whereinA is —CH2C(O)—;
Y is —NR6R7; p1 R1 is —H;
Z is selected from a single bond, C1-4 alkylene, heterocyclylene and C3-6 cycloalkylene;
each R4 is independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, C1-4 fluoroalkyl, C1-4 hydroxyalkyl, C1-4 alkoxy, C3-10 cycloalkyl, —N(R10)2, carbamoyl, and —OH;
each R5 is independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, C1-4 fluoroalkyl, C1-4 hydroxyalkyl, C1-4 alkoxy, C3-6 cycloalkyl, —CN, —F, —Cl, —Br, carbamoyl and —OH;
each of R6 and R7 is independently selected from —H, C1-8 alkyl, C1-4 fluoroalkyl, C1-4 hydroxyalkyl, C2-8 alkenyl, C2-8 alkynyl, C3-10 cycloalkyl, —Z-heterocyclyl, —Z-heteroaryl and —Z-aryl, wherein alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl and aryl may optionally be substituted with one or more independently selected R8;
each R8 is independently selected from C1-6 alkyl, C1-4 fluoroalkyl, C1-4 hydroxyalkyl, C2-6 alkenyl, C2-6 alkynyl, C3-10 cycloalkyl, —Z-heterocyclyl, —Z-heteroaryl, —Z-aryl, —Z—NR10R11, —Z—C(?O)—NR10R11, —Z—OR9, halogen, —CN, —Z—SR9, —Z—SOR9, —Z—SO2R9 and —Z—COOR9, wherein alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl and aryl may optionally be substituted with one or more selected from C1-4 alkyl, C1-4 fluoroalkyl, C1-4 hydroxyalkyl, C3-6 cycloalkyl, —Z-heterocyclyl, —Z-heteroaryl, —Z-aryl, —Z—NR10R11,—Z—C(?O)—NR10R11,—Z—OR9, halogen, —CN, —Z—SR9, —Z—SOR9, —Z—SO2R9 and —Z—COOR9; wherein any heterocyclyl may be further substituted with one or more R4 as defined above, and wherein any heteroaryl and any aryl may be further substituted with one or more R5 as defined above;
each R9 is independently selected from —H, C1-8 alkyl, C1-4 fluoroalkyl, C1-4 hydroxyalkyl, C2-8 alkenyl, C2-8 alkynyl, C3-10 cycloalkyl, —Z-heterocyclyl, —Z-aryl, and —Z— heteroaryl, wherein any heterocyclyl may be substituted with one or more R4 as defined above, and wherein any heteroaryl and any aryl may be substituted with one or more R5 as defined above; and
each of R10 and R11 is independently selected from —H, C1-6 alkyl, C1-4 fluoroalkyl, C1-4 hydroxyalkyl, C2-8 alkenyl, C2-8 alkynyl, C3-10 cycloalkyl, heterocyclyl, heteroaryl, and aryl, wherein any heterocyclyl may be substituted with one or more R4 as defined above, and wherein any heteroaryl and any aryl may be substituted with one or more R5 as defined above;
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,189,783

POLYFUNCTIONAL COMPOUNDS

DSM IP ASSETS B.V., Heer...

1. An imide compound according to any one of formulas Ia, Ib, Ic, Id or Ie:
wherein R1 is H, methyl, hydroxymethyl, 1-hydroxyethyl, isopropyl, sec-butyl, 2-methyl-propyl, 2(methylthio)ethyl, benzyl, tolyl, parahydroxytolyl, or an organic fragment of an amino acid selected from the group consisting of arginine, histidine, lysine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, serine, threonine, asparagine, glutamine, cysteine, selenocysteine, glycine, proline, alanine, valine, isoleucine, methionine, phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan;
both R2 and R5 are a COOH group or one of R2 and R5 is a COOH group while another of R2 and R5 is H, methyl or an ethyl group;
R3 and R4 are independently H or a C1-C20 hydrocarbon group;
R6 is H or a methyl group; and
R7 and R8 are independently H, methyl or ethyl.

US Pat. No. 10,189,773

IN-VIVO GELLING PHARMACEUTICAL PRE-FORMULATION

MEDICUS BIOSCIENCES, LLC,...

1. An in vivo gelling pharmaceutical pre-formulation, comprising:(a) at least one multifunctional nucleophilic monomer comprising a polyol core, wherein the polyol core is selected from the group consisting of:
andwherein R is:

wherein n is 10-200 and the molecular weight of the nucleophilic monomer is between about 2,000 to about 40,000;
(b) at least one water soluble second compound comprising more than one electrophilic group selected from an epoxide, N-succinimidyl succinate, N-succinimidyl glutarate, N-succinimidyl succinamide or N-succinimidyl glutaramide, wherein the second compound comprising the core of one electrophilic group is a pentaerythritol, and wherein the second compound further comprises one or more polyethylene glycol sections; and
(c) an aqueous buffer in the pH range of 5.0 to 9.0;wherein mixing a mixture comprising the at least one multifunctional nucleophilic monomer and the at least one water soluble second compound in the aqueous buffer and delivering the mixture to a target site in the human body generates the in vivo gelling pharmaceutical pre-formulation such that the in vivo gelling pharmaceutical pre-formulation at least in part polymerizes and gels at the target site to form a biocompatible hydrogel polymer, and wherein the in vivo gelling pharmaceutical pre-formulation does not contain blood or protein.

US Pat. No. 10,189,771

ACRYLIC ADHESIVE COMPOSITION FROM PROTECTED PHOTOCROSSLINKING AGENTS

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A protected photocrosslinker of the formula:
wherein
R1 is H or CH3;
each of X1 and X2 is —O— or —NR1—;
R2 is a divalent (hetero)hydrocarbyl group;
subscript a is 0 or 1;
Prot is a carbonyl protecting group;
R3 is selected from:

wherein each R4 is H or a C1 to C6 alkyl group, R5 is independently a hydroxyl group, a phenyl group, a C1 to C6 alkyl group, or a C1 to C6 alkoxy group.

US Pat. No. 10,189,763

REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION

RES USA, LLC, Westminste...

1. A method of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emission comprising: introducing one or more gaseous carbonaceous feed streams into a reformer to generate synthesis gas, wherein said reformer comprises hydrogen membrane tubes, manifolded and supported from the top of the reformer above the fluidized bed; uses no process steam and requires no oxygen; and converting synthesis gas to dimethyl ether (DME).

US Pat. No. 10,189,761

METHOD FOR POLYOL SYNTHESIS FROM TRIACYLGLYCERIDE OILS

1. A method for the preparation of polyols from an unsaturated triacylglycerol (TAG) oil comprising the steps of:(a) fully or partially epoxidizing the unsaturated TAG oil to obtain an epoxidized TAG oil;
(b) transesterifying the epoxidized TAG oil using a diol and/or triol in the presence of a catalyst and a solvent, to produce a hydroxyalkyl esters of fatty acid epoxides; and
(c) hydroxylating the transesterification product using a diol and/or triol and a catalyst to obtain a polyol.

US Pat. No. 10,189,747

REFRACTORY METAL SILICIDE NANOPARTICLE CERAMICS

The United States of Amer...

1. A composition comprising:nanoparticles comprising a refractory-metal silicide; and
a carbonaceous matrix;
wherein the carbonaceous matrix comprises graphitic carbon or amorphous carbon;
wherein the composition is not in the form of a powder.

US Pat. No. 10,189,746

MULTI-PHASIC CERAMIC COMPOSITE

1. A ceramic composite comprising:a first ceramic phase comprising grains of a first ceramic material; and
a second ceramic phase comprising grains of a second ceramic material;
wherein:
the first ceramic material has a different composition than the second ceramic material;
at least one of the first ceramic phase and the second ceramic phase has a median minimum width of at least 5 microns; and
the first phase, second phase, or both, includes grains of element carbon, wherein the elemental carbon is in an amount of at most 7 wt %, based on a total weight of the respective phase or phases.

US Pat. No. 10,189,735

WHITE, OPAQUE, ? SPODUMENE GLASS-CERAMIC ARTICLES WITH INHERENT DAMAGE RESISTANCE AND METHODS FOR MAKING THE SAME

CORNING INCORPORATED, Co...

1. A process for making a glass-ceramic comprising:a) heating a crystallizable glass at a rate in a range from about 1° C./min to about 10° C./min to a nucleation temperature in a range from about 700° C. and 810° C., wherein, in mole %, the crystallizable glass comprises:
i) SiO2 in a range from about 60 to about 75,
ii) Al2O3 in a range from about 10 to about 18,
iii) Li2O in a range from about 5 to about 14, and
iv) B2O3 in a range from about 4.5 to about 20;
b) maintaining the crystallizable glass at the nucleation temperature to produce a nucleated crystallizable glass;
c) heating the nucleated crystallizable glass at a rate in a range from about 1° C./min to about 10° C./min to a crystallization temperature of in a range from about 850° C. and 1200° C.; and
d) maintaining the nucleated crystallizable glass at the crystallization temperature to produce a glass-ceramic having ?-spodumene as a predominant crystalline phase, wherein the glass-ceramic comprises a Vickers crack initiation threshold of at least about 25 kgf.

US Pat. No. 10,189,729

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PREVENTING MOLD GROWTH IN THE RESERVOIR OF A FOOD WASTE RECYCLING APPLIANCE

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A food waste recycling appliance comprising:a housing defining an interior;
a recycling chamber located within the interior and configured to receive organic material for recycling;
a reducing mechanism provided within the recycling chamber and configured to mix the organic material with air;
a container configured to receive the recycled organic material from the recycling chamber;
a condensate reservoir located within the interior of the housing and fluidly coupled to the recycling chamber; and
a plurality of biocidal agents disposed in the condensate reservoir, each of the plurality of biocidal agents having a plurality of filaments intertwined with each other to form a matrix in three dimensions, wherein each of the plurality of filaments comprises a surface of exposed copper.

US Pat. No. 10,189,723

MULTI-MEDIA STRATIFIED FILTRATION

SIEMENS ENERGY, INC., Or...

1. A system for treating a feed stream comprising hydrocarbons and an aqueous-based liquid, the system comprising:a vessel comprising a feed stream inlet fluidly connected with the feed stream and a treated stream outlet fluidly connected with a treated stream; and
a filter bed positioned within the vessel and comprising a first layer of filter media disposed on a second layer of filter media,
wherein at least the first layer comprises a plurality of composite media particles, each of the plurality of composite media particles comprising a mixture of a cellulose-based material and a polymer, and
wherein the filter media of the first layer comprises a lower density than that of the second layer.

US Pat. No. 10,189,722

PRESSURIZED GAS LIFTING AND GAS REJUVENATION

1. A method comprising:providing a vessel having
an inlet for receiving pressurizing gas,
an inlet for receiving wastewater to be accumulated in the vessel, and
an exit port having an intake opening within the vessel, where wastewater and the pressurizing gas may flow from the intake opening within the vessel and into a wastewater infiltration system;
flowing wastewater into the vessel, the wastewater accumulating in the vessel;
flowing pressurizing gas into the vessel above a top surface of the accumulating wastewater in the vessel, the pressurizing gas developing a pressure above wastewater in the vessel; and
flowing a dose of wastewater upwards from the intake opening and then flowing a dose of the gas upwards from the intake opening and out of the exit port of the vessel, the dose of the gas flowing out of the exit port after the dose of wastewater, and the wastewater and the gas each flowing towards the wastewater infiltration system,
wherein pressurized gas flowing from the inlet into the vessel does not flow out of the exit port when the level of wastewater flowing into the vessel is above the intake opening.

US Pat. No. 10,189,718

METHODS FOR CHARGE-TITRATING PARTICLE ASSEMBLY, AND STRUCTURES PRODUCED THEREFROM

HRL Laboratories, LLC, M...

1. A method of assembling a plurality of particles into a particle array, said method comprising:dispersing a plurality of first particles in a volume of liquid solution, wherein said first particles are characterized by an average zeta potential, and wherein said liquid solution is characterized by a starting pH;
introducing to said liquid solution before, during, or after said first particles are dispersed in said liquid solution, a triggerable pH-control substance capable of generating an acid or a base when triggered; and
triggering said pH-control substance to generate an acid or a base within said volume of liquid solution, thereby adjusting solution pH from said starting pH to a titrated pH, wherein said average zeta potential is closer to zero at said titrated pH compared to said starting pH, causing said first particles to assemble into a particle array.

US Pat. No. 10,189,717

SYNTHESIS OF ALUMINOSILICATE ZEOLITE SSZ-26 VIA INTERZEOLITE TRANSFORMATION


US Pat. No. 10,189,712

OXIDATION OF POROUS, CARBON-CONTAINING MATERIALS USING FUEL AND OXIDIZING AGENT

International Business Ma...

18. A method comprising:passing a first pressurized air stream through a fuel source to saturate the first pressurized air stream with fuel vapor and form a saturated air stream;
combining the saturated air stream with a second pressurized air stream to form a third pressurized air stream;
exposing a microporous, carbon-containing material to the third pressurized air stream and an oxidizing agent to allow the microporous, carbon-containing material to adsorb at least some of the fuel vapor; and
while continuing to expose the microporous, carbon-containing material to the third pressurized air stream and the oxidizing agent, heating the microporous, carbon-containing material to a temperature at which combustion of the fuel vapor occurs to combust the adsorbed fuel vapor to seal pores of the microporous, carbon-containing material adjacent to its surface.

US Pat. No. 10,189,707

EMBEDDED STRUCTURES FOR HIGH GLASS STRENGTH AND ROBUST PACKAGING

Continental Automotive Sy...

1. A method for making a pressure sensor, comprising the steps of:providing a first wafer; and
providing a second wafer;
forming at least one angled recess as part of the first wafer;
forming at least one upper recess as part of the second wafer;
forming at least one lower recess as part of the second wafer;
bonding the first wafer to the second wafer to form a wafer stack having at least one saw street area, such that the at least one angled recess, the at least one upper recess, and the at least one lower recess are partially located in the saw street area;
partitioning the wafer stack in the saw street area to form at least two pressure sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,189,704

FORMATION OF SUPERHYDROPHOBIC SURFACES

Brookhaven Science Associ...

1. A method for etching conical nanostructures in a substrate, the method comprising:depositing a patterned block copolymer on the substrate, wherein the patterned block copolymer includes a first polymer block domain and a second polymer block domain;
applying a precursor to the patterned block copolymer on the substrate to generate an infiltrated block copolymer on the substrate, wherein the precursor infiltrates into the first polymer block domain and generates a material of metal oxide dots in the first polymer block domain and the precursor does not infiltrate into the second polymer block domain;
applying a removal agent to the infiltrated block copolymer on the substrate to generate a pattern of the material on the substrate, wherein the removal agent is oxygen plasma and is effective to remove the first polymer block domain and the second polymer block domain from the substrate, and is not effective to remove the material in the first polymer block domain;
plasma etching the substrate, wherein the pattern of the material on the substrate masks the substrate to pattern the etching and the etching is performed under etch times sufficiently long enough for metal oxide dots to fall off and form a superhydrophobic surface of etched conical nanostructures, and wherein the etched conical nanostructures have a re-entrant curvature;
removing the pattern of the material from the substrate; and
coating the etched conical nanostructures and the surface of the substrate with a hydrophobic coating.

US Pat. No. 10,189,702

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF FORMING MICROELECTROMECHANICAL SYSTEMS (MEMS) PACKAGE

STATS ChipPAC Pte. Ltd., ...

1. A method of making a semiconductor device, comprising:providing a first semiconductor die;
disposing a modular interconnect structure laterally with respect to the first semiconductor die;
depositing an encapsulant around the first semiconductor die and modular interconnect structure;
forming a build-up interconnect structure over the first semiconductor die and modular interconnect structure after depositing the encapsulant, wherein a non-routing area over the first semiconductor die remains devoid of the build-up interconnect structure; and
disposing a second semiconductor die over the first semiconductor die, wherein the first semiconductor die or second semiconductor die includes a microelectromechanical device, wherein an active surface of the first semiconductor die is oriented toward an active surface of the second semiconductor die.

US Pat. No. 10,189,700

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT (IC) CHIP WITH A SELF-CONTAINED FLUID SENSOR AND METHOD OF MAKING THE CHIP

The United States of Amer...

1. An integrated circuit (IC) chip including a self-contained fluid sensor comprising:a semiconductor substrate;
a non-conductive cap disposed on said semiconductor substrate;
a conduit at the interface between said semiconductor substrate and said nonconductive cap, each end of said conduit passing through said non-conductive cap;
a temperature sensor in said conduit at said each end; and
a heating element in said conduit between the temperature sensors wherein the temperature sensors and said heating element are encased in dielectric; further wherein said non-conductive cap is a pyrex cap with a channel at said semiconductor substrate, wherein said conduit comprises said channel and
wherein said semiconductor substrate comprises a mirco-channel, said conduit further comprises said mirco-channel, the encased temperature sensors and said heating element being suspended in said conduit at said interface.