US Pat. No. 10,139,388

METHOD TO DETERMINE THE ABSORPTION COEFFICIENT IN TURBID MEDIA

QUASPEC B.V., Zevenhuize...

1. A method to determine the wavelength dependent absorption coefficient of an actual sample of a turbid medium without prior knowledge of an actual scattering coefficient using overlapping illumination and detection areas, wherein measurements are carried out using a single optical fiber for delivering a light beam towards the actual sample for illumination and for collecting a reflected light beam from the actual sample for detection, wherein a light spot of the delivered light beam used for illumination overlaps a light spot of the reflected light beam used for detection, the method comprising the steps of:a. retrieving a calibration spectrum from a reference measurement using a reference sample;
b. measuring the actual sample using the single optical fiber to deliver a light beam towards the actual sample to determine an absolute reflection spectrum using a raw spectrum measured on the actual sample and the calibration spectrum;
c. using the absolute reflection spectrum to determine the wavelength dependent absorption coefficient by minimizing the difference between the measured absolute reflection spectrum and a model function, wherein
d. the model function is modelled using a pre-determined equation based on prior knowledge of the combination of:
i. a dependence of an effective photon path length on a scattering phase function;
ii. a dependence of the absolute reflectance in the absence of absorption on the scattering phase function; and
iii. an assumed estimate for the scattering coefficient, wherein the effective photon path length and the absolute reflectance in the absence of absorption and are both a function of the assumed estimate for the scattering coefficient, wherein an influence of a mis-estimation of the scattering coefficient on the value of the absolute reflectance in the absence of absorption is at least partially compensated by the influence of the mis-estimation of the scattering coefficient on the value of the effective photon path length such that the wavelength dependent absorption coefficient of the actual sample of the turbid medium is determined without prior knowledge of the actual scattering coefficient of the actual sample.

US Pat. No. 10,139,387

QUARTZ CRYSTAL CHARACTERIZATION OF FRACTIONS DERIVED FROM CRACKED STREAMS

EXXONMOBIL RESEARCH AND E...

1. A method of characterizing a kerosene boiling range sample, comprising:disposing a quartz crystal in a vessel containing a kerosene boiling range sample;
heating the kerosene boiling range sample to a baseline temperature;
measuring a frequency of the quartz crystal at the baseline temperature during a first sampling period to obtain a baseline frequency;
heating the kerosene boiling range sample to an aging temperature and maintaining the sample at the aging temperature for an aging period;
returning the kerosene boiling range sample to the baseline temperature; and
measuring the frequency of the quartz crystal at the baseline temperature during a second sampling period to obtain an aged frequency, a difference between the baseline frequency and the aged frequency being indicative of a stability of the kerosene boiling range sample.

US Pat. No. 10,139,386

OPTICAL SENSOR FOR FLUID ANALYSIS

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A sensor for measuring a concentration of one or more types of ions, molecules or atoms in a fluid, comprising:at least one photo-detection device configured to measure a power of light incident thereon;
a first light source including a solid-state light emitting device, the first light source configured to emit light having a wavelength less than 240 nanometers incident on the fluid, and the at least one photo-detection device configured to receive light having passed through the fluid; and
a second light source including a solid-state light emitting device, the second light source configured to emit light having a wavelength less than 240 nanometers, different from the wavelength emitted by the first light source, incident on the fluid, the at least one photo-detection device configured to receive light having passed through the fluid,
wherein a spectral linewidth of at least one of the first and second light sources is less than 2 nanometers.

US Pat. No. 10,139,384

DATA FUSION FOR PERSONAL AIR POLLUTION EXPOSURE

Airviz Inc., Pittsburgh,...

1. A system for measuring and viewing air pollution exposure for a user, the system comprising:a data center comprising one or more computer servers;
means, associated with the user, for communicating user location data to the data center via a computer network;
a plurality of air quality sensors that each transmit air quality data to the data center via the computer network; and
a graphical display device that is in communication with the data center via the computer network, the graphical display device displaying a user interface for annotating an activity type according to time;
wherein the data center is programmed to:
receive the activity type from the graphical display device via the computer network;
receive the user location data from the means for communicating user location data to the data center, the user location data indexed in terms of time;
receive the air quality data from the plurality of air quality sensors, the air quality data indexed in terms of location of each of the air quality sensors and time;
calculate user air quality exposure measures for the activity type based on at least the air quality data for the location and time corresponding to the user location data; and
transmit the calculated user air quality exposure measures to the graphical display device for display by the graphical display device according to the activity type and the user location data.

US Pat. No. 10,139,383

REAL-TIME AIR MONITORING WITH MULTIPLE SENSING MODES

TricornTech Taiwan, Taip...

1. A gas detector comprising:a first gas sensor having a fluid inlet for receiving a gas sample and a fluid outlet for exhausting the gas sample, the first sensor having a first gas specificity and a first response time;
a second gas sensor having a fluid inlet for receiving the gas sample and a fluid outlet for exhausting the gas sample, the second sensor having a second gas specificity and a second response time, wherein the first gas specificity is different than the second gas specificity, the first response time is different than the second response time, or both the first gas specificity and the first response time are different than the second gas specificity and the second response time;
a readout and analysis circuit coupled to the first and second gas sensors to read and analyze data from the first and second gas sensors; and
a control circuit coupled to the readout and analysis circuit and to the first and second gas sensors, wherein the control circuit can execute logic that operates the first gas sensor, the second gas sensor, or both the first and second gas sensors.

US Pat. No. 10,139,381

TOILET FOR FILTERING AND ANALYZING GAS COMPONENTS OF EXCRETIA

1. A toilet apparatus comprising:a toilet bowl comprising multiple apertures and a blower, the blower fluidly connected to one or more of the apertures; and
a housing fluidly connected to the blower, the housing comprising a gas permeable substrate and a gas chemical sensor, wherein the gas permeable substrate comprises a first side, a second side, intercalated sorbent media, and a desorption heater, wherein the desorption heater comprises a flash lamp heater.

US Pat. No. 10,139,380

PREMISE OCCUPANCY DETECTION BASED ON CO2 GAS CONCENTRATION

Ilan Abehassera

1. A system for detecting occupancy in a target space, the system comprising:a target closed space with limited exposure to open air;
a CO2 measurement device deployed within the target closed space;
a computing device coupled with the CO2 measurement device, and configured to calculate a Base CO2 Concentration (BCC) in the target closed space, an Average CO2 Concentration (ACC) produced by a living creature in the target closed space, and a Total CO2 Concentration (TCC) in the target closed space, based on CO2 measurement data collected by the CO2 measurement device; and
wherein the system for detecting occupancy determines occupancy by whether TCC exceeds a sum of BCC and ACC.

US Pat. No. 10,139,376

SYSTEM FOR SENSING AND LOCATING DELAMINATION

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A system to monitor a composite system component, comprising:a plurality of sensors mounted proximate to the composite system component;
a signal processing unit to receive, from each sensor, a series of sensed values associated with the composite system component and to determine a kurtosis value for each series of sensed values;
a threshold exceedance detector to detect if at least one of the kurtosis values exceeds a threshold value;
a delamination location estimation unit to calculate an estimated location of a composite system component associated with a delamination alert signal based on calculated time difference delay values of detected signal impulses in the series of sensed values using at least four of the plurality of sensors;
a delamination alert output to transmit a composite system component delamination alert signal, along with the estimation location, when at least one of the kurtosis values exceeds the threshold;
wherein the signal processing unit is associated with a digital twin of a twinned physical system, the twinned physical system including the composite system component;
wherein the digital twin comprises:
one or more digital twin sensors to sense values of one or more designated parameters of the twinned physical system;
a computer processor to receive data associated with the one or more digital twin sensors and programmed to:
for at least a selected portion of the twinned physical system, execute at least one of: (i) a monitoring process to monitor a condition of the selected portion of the twinned physical system based at least in part on the sensed values of the one or more designated parameters, and (ii) an assessing process to assess a remaining useful life of the selected portion of the twinned physical system based at least in part on the sensed values of the one or more designated parameters and
a communication port coupled to the computer processor to transmit information associated with a result generated by the computer processor,
wherein the one or more digital twin sensors are to sense values of the one or more designated parameters, and the computer processor is to execute at least one of the monitoring and assessing processes, when the twinned physical system is not operating.

US Pat. No. 10,139,375

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MONITORING QUALITY OF HYDRAULIC FLUID IN ELECTRO-HYDRAULIC (EH) VALVE

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. A method for monitoring a quality of a hydraulic fluid in an electro-hydraulic (EH) valve, the method comprising:applying a predetermined signal to a solenoid coil, surrounding a pusher pin in the EH valve, to facilitate oscillation of the pusher pin to change static friction, between the pusher pin and a cavity of the EH valve, to dynamic friction,
the EH valve comprising a housing defining the cavity,
the cavity having an end wall,
the cavity slidably receiving the pusher pin,
the pusher pin having a first end and a second end,
the hydraulic fluid being received between the first end of the pusher pin and the end wall,
the oscillation of the pusher pin generating an acoustic wave that propagates through the hydraulic fluid; and
determining the quality of the hydraulic fluid based on one or more characteristics of the acoustic wave detected by an acoustic sensor positioned on the end wall.

US Pat. No. 10,139,374

DETECTION SYSTEM AND DETECTION METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A detection system comprising:a plurality of first sensors each configured to detect an elastic wave generated from a structure, and convert the elastic wave into a detection signal;
a second sensor configured to detect a noise propagating from surroundings, and convert the noise into a reference signal;
a first calculator configured to calculate a plurality of difference detection signals, a difference detection signal being calculated by subtracting the reference signal from the detection signal; and
a second calculator configured to calculate a position of a generation source of the elastic wave from the plurality of difference detection signals.

US Pat. No. 10,139,373

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE NEAR SURFACE, NONDESTRUCTIVE INSPECTION BY MEANS OF ULTRASOUND OF A ROTATIONALLY SYMMETRIC WORKPIECE HAVING A DIAMETER THAT CHANGES FROM SECTION TO SECTION

1. A method for a near-surface, non-destructive inspection by ultrasound of a solid rotationally symmetric workpiece having a diameter that changes from section to section, the method comprising:a) insonifying an ultrasonic test pulse into the workpiece at a coupling location at a defined insonification angle, wherein a series of the ultrasonic test pulse is obliquely insonified into the workpiece and an angle of the series of the ultrasonic test pulse changes with respect to the series of obliquely insonified test pulse;
b) recording an ultrasonic echo signal from the workpiece;
c) selecting a travel time interval depending on a sound path of the ultrasonic test pulse in the workpiece, a start of the travel time interval being defined based on a highest possible sound velocity for the ultrasonic test pulse in the workpiece and an end of the travel time interval being defined based on a lowest possible sound velocity for the ultrasonic test pulse in the workpiece, the selected travel time interval corresponding to a near-surface region of the workpiece and defining a region of interest (ROI);
d) generating an echo value by analyzing the ultrasonic echo signal in the selected travel time interval, wherein a largest amplitude of the ultrasonic echo signal occurring in the selected travel time interval is used as the echo value; and
e) generating a graphic representation of a surface of the workpiece, wherein the echo value is depicted in the graphic representation on the surface of the workpiece in a spatially resolved manner.

US Pat. No. 10,139,372

TWO-STAGE CORROSION UNDER INSULATION DETECTION METHODOLOGY AND MODULAR VEHICLE WITH DUAL LOCOMOTION SENSORY SYSTEMS

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method for detecting corrosion under insulation within insulated equipment using at least one device supporting an infrared detector and at least one pulsed eddy current (PEC) sensor, the method comprising:detecting, at one or more locations along the insulated equipment with the infrared detector, infrared waves emitted from the insulated equipment;
developing, using the infrared waves detected by the infrared detector, at least one image of an inner surface of the insulated equipment at the one or more locations based on the detected infrared waves;
determining, using a processor configured by code executing therein, at least one area that is susceptible to corrosion under insulation based on the at least one developed image;
storing positioning data corresponding to the at least one susceptible area in a database;
returning the device to the at least one susceptible area based on the stored positioning data;
inspecting, with the at least one PEC sensor, the at least one susceptible area on the insulated equipment, wherein the step of inspecting comprises:
generating a magnetic field,
penetrating a metallic jacket of the insulated equipment with the generated magnetic field to magnetize an inner wall of the equipment, thereby inducing an eddy current in the inner wall, and
monitoring a decay in strength of the eddy current over time; and
determining, using the processor configured by code executing therein, whether any corrosion under insulation exists at the at least one susceptible area based on a rate of the decay in strength of the eddy current.

US Pat. No. 10,139,371

CASING DEFECT DETERMINATION USING EDDY CURRENT TECHNIQUES

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A system for characterizing a casing, comprising:an excitation source of a casing evaluation tool, wherein the excitation source comprises one or more transmitter electromagnetic coils configured to:
generate and direct a plurality of excitation signals toward a plurality of casings in a wellbore;
a receiver of the casing evaluation tool, wherein the receiver comprises one or more receiver electromagnetic coils configured to:
receive a plurality of response signals based on the plurality of excitation signals; and
one or more processors configured to:
receive the plurality of received response signals;
determine a small defect information for each of the plurality of received response signals based on a time-domain response associated with each of the plurality of received response signals; and
determine one or more characteristics of a first defect in the plurality of casings by summing the small defect information for each of the plurality of received response signals, wherein the determining the one or more characteristics comprises using a forward model.

US Pat. No. 10,139,370

INSPECTION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DISPOSING MAGNETO-OPTICAL CRYSTAL

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. An inspection device comprising:a light source configured to output light;
a magneto-optical crystal disposed to face a measurement object;
a lens configured to concentrate the light onto the magneto-optical crystal;
a holder configured to hold the magneto-optical crystal;
a flexible member interposed between the magneto-optical crystal and the holder; and
a drive configured to cause the magneto-optical crystal to contact the measurement object by moving the holder in an optical axis direction of the lens,
wherein the flexible member bends to enable an incident plane to incline in a range in which an inclination angle of the incident plane of the light in the magneto-optical crystal with respect to a plane orthogonal to the optical axis is equal to or less than an aperture angle of the lens when the magneto-optical crystal contacts with the measurement object, and
wherein the magneto-optical crystal has a reflective film on a surface in contact with the measurement object, reflecting a part of the light and transmitting a part of the light.

US Pat. No. 10,139,368

PROCESS AND SYSTEM FOR FACILITATING CHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION IN A DETECTOR

SMITHS DETECTION-WATFORD ...

1. A process for determining the ratio of Cl—to Cl—.OOH reactant ion species formed in a pentachloroethane doped ion mobility spectrometer operating in the negative mode, the process comprising:introducing a sample comprising isoflurane into a pentachloroethane doped ion mobility spectrometer;
collecting data relevant to the detection of two isoflurane monomer ions, the two isoflurane monomer ions being formed following reaction of the sample with Cl— and Cl—.OOH reactant ion species present in the pentachloroethane doped ion mobility spectrometer; and
determining the ratio of Cl— to Cl—.OOH reactant ion species formed in the pentachloroethane doped ion mobility spectrometer based on an evaluation of the data collected.

US Pat. No. 10,139,367

ION MOBILITY SPECTROMETER WITH ION MODIFICATION

SMITHS DETECTION-WATFORD ...

1. An ion mobility spectrometer comprising:a sample inlet comprising an aperture arranged to allow a sample of gaseous fluid to flow from an ambient pressure region to a low pressure region of the ion mobility spectrometer to be ionised;
an ioniser disposed in the low pressure region of the ion mobility spectrometer and configured to ionise the sample;
an ion modifier configured to modify ions in the low pressure region, wherein the ions are obtained from the sample of gaseous fluid, wherein the ion modifier comprises two electrodes spaced apart in the direction of movement of the ions towards the detector;
a controller arranged to control gas pressure in the low pressure region to be lower than ambient pressure, wherein the controller is configured to control the ion modifier in a first mode to subject ions to an alternating electric field to modify the ions as they pass through the ion modifier, and to control the ion modifier in a second mode to allow ions to pass through the ion modifier; and
a detector configured to measure a time of flight associated with the ions travelling from the ioniser, wherein the detector is configured to provide a signal to the controller indicating arrival of ions.

US Pat. No. 10,139,365

METAL OXIDE PH SENSOR

COMMONWEALTH SCIENTIFIC A...

1. A pH sensor comprising a metal oxide-polymer composite, comprising:a continuous polymer resin matrix; and
a solid particulate component dispersed in the polymer resin matrix comprising (i) particulate metal oxides and (ii) a particulate carbon-based conductor,
wherein the particulate metal oxides comprise Ta2O5 and RuO2 in a weight ratio based on Ta:Ru in the range of from 90:10 to 10:90.

US Pat. No. 10,139,364

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICE WITH ADAPTATIONS FOR MULTIPLEXED BIOSENSING

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. An integrated circuit, comprising:a plurality of device regions;
a device layer comprising a semiconductor active layer having a first side and a second side opposite the first side; and
a multilayer metal interconnect structure disposed above the first side of the semiconductor active layer;
wherein each of the plurality of device regions comprises:
a temperature sensor disposed in the device layer,
a heating element disposed in the device layer and aligned over a portion of the temperature sensor,
and
at least one field effect transistor disposed in the device layer, each of the at least one field effect transistor comprising:
a source region, a drain region, and a channel region in the semiconductor active layer, and
a gate dielectric layer disposed on the second side of the semiconductor active layer.

US Pat. No. 10,139,359

SENSOR CONTROL APPARATUS AND GAS DETECTION SYSTEM

NGK SPARK PLUG CO., LTD.,...

1. A sensor control apparatus for controlling a gas sensor including a detection cell which produces an electromotive force corresponding to a particular component contained in an object gas and an oxygen pump cell which performs pumping in or pumping out of oxygen in accordance with a pump current supplied to the oxygen pump cell, the sensor control apparatus comprising:a multiplexer configured to receive as input a plurality of analog signals, including at least the electromotive force of the detection cell, classify each of the plurality of analog signals as either a high occurrence-frequency signal or a low occurrence-frequency signal, and output the plurality of analog signals one by one in a predetermined order in an all signal output period during which all of the plurality of analog signals are output, with each high occurrence frequency signal output two or more times in the all signal output period and each low occurrence-frequency signal output once in the all signal output period;
an analog-to-digital conversion section configured to convert the plurality of analog signals output from the multiplexer to digital values, including at least a digital value of the electromotive force;
a supply control value computation section configured to digitally compute a supply control value for the pump current supplied to the oxygen pump cell on the basis of the digital value of the electromotive force; and
a digital-to-analog conversion section configured to generate the pump current supplied to the oxygen pump cell on the basis of a digital signal representing the supply control value for the pump current,
wherein, the multiplexer classifies at least the electromotive force as a high occurrence-frequency signal.

US Pat. No. 10,139,357

X-RAY MULTIGRAIN CRYSTALLOGRAPHY

Xnovo Technology ApS, Ko...

1. A method of determining one or more unit cells of a poly-crystalline sample and indexing a set DV of 3D diffraction vectors obtained by illuminating said poly-crystalline sample with an X-ray source at one or more orientations and recording diffraction spots using a at least one 2D or 3D X-ray detector for each of said one or more orientations, said set DV of 3D diffraction vectors being indexed into a plurality of grains, said method comprising the steps of:(A) obtaining a plurality of candidate first lattice plane normal vectors and a plurality of candidate second lattice plane normal vectors for a particular unknown grain; using said plurality of candidate first lattice plane normal vectors and said plurality of candidate second lattice plane normal vectors to select a plurality of subsets SSDV_n of the set DV of 3D diffraction vectors and processing said plurality of subsets SSDV_n of 3D diffraction vectors to determine a primary candidate unit cell PCUC defined by three lattice vectors; wherein the correspondence of the primary candidate unit cell PCUC is validated by evaluating the fit of the PCUC with the full set DV of 3D diffraction vectors; and
(B) determining if the fit of primary candidate unit cell PCUC with the full set DV of 3D diffraction vectors is above a first threshold;
wherein if the fit of the primary candidate unit cell PCUC is above said first threshold the primary candidate unit cell PCUC is used to identify a subset ST of the set DV of 3D diffraction vectors originating from a single grain in the poly-crystalline sample, said subset ST is indexed wherein the method returns to step (A) unless a predetermined criteria has been reached;
wherein step (A) further comprises the steps of
(a) selecting a set L1 of candidate first lattice plane normal vectors;
(b) evaluating the fit of each candidate first lattice plane normal vector of the set L1 with the set DV of 3D diffraction vectors;
(c) selecting a subset SL1 of the set L1 comprising the N1 candidate first lattice plane normal vectors having the best fit with the set DV of 3D diffraction vectors;
(d) performing steps (d_a) to (d_g) for each candidate first lattice plane normal vector n of the subset SL1:
(d_a) using said candidate first lattice plane normal vector n to select a subset SDV_n of the set DV of 3D diffraction vectors;
(d_b) selecting a set L2_n of candidate second lattice plane normal vectors;
(d_c) evaluating the fit of each candidate second lattice plane normal vector of the set L2_n with the subset SDV_n of 3D diffraction vectors;
(d_d) selecting a subset SL2_n of the set L2_n comprising the N2 candidate second lattice plane normal vectors having the best fit with the subset SDV_n of 3D diffraction vectors;
(d_e) using said subset SL2_n of candidate second lattice plane normal vectors to select a subset SSDV_n of the subset SDV_n of 3D diffraction vectors;
(d_f) processing said subset SSDV_n of 3D diffraction vectors to determine a candidate unit cell CUC_n defined by three lattice vectors;
(d_g) evaluating the fit of the candidate unit cell CUC_n with the set DV of 3D diffraction vectors;
wherein the candidate unit cell of the N1 candidate unit cells CUC_n (n=1 to N1) having the best fit with the full set DV of 3D diffraction vectors is selected as the primary candidate unit cell PCUC.

US Pat. No. 10,139,356

DEVICES AND SYSTEMS FOR SPATIAL AGGREGATION OF SPECTRAL ANALYSIS FROM ELECTRON MICROSCOPES

EDAX, Incorporated, Mahw...

1. A method for spatially aggregating spectra comprising:acquiring a central spectrum at a central sampling location on a sample and a plurality of adjacent spectra at adjacent sampling locations on the sample using an x-ray spectrometer and an electron microscope; and
aggregating the central spectrum with one or more of the plurality of adjacent spectra acquired from the x-ray spectrometer to produce an aggregated spectrum, such that the aggregated spectrum has increased statistics relative to the central spectrum.

US Pat. No. 10,139,354

SPECTRAL X-RAY IMAGING

PRISMATIC SENSORS, Stock...

1. An image processing method for medical imaging including processing a radiographic image acquired with at least two energy levels, said method comprising the steps of:providing (S1), to a processing circuitry and memory, energy-resolved image data, either from a detector or from an intermediate data storage, the energy-resolved image data representative of said radiographic image with at least two energy levels; and
generating, by way of the processing circuitry and memory, at least one image representation for medical imaging by decomposing (S2) said provided image data into at least one basis image representation, based on a model where a combination of at least two basis functions is used to express a representation of at least one linear attenuation coefficient, where at least one ordinary basis function models a physical material, and an NLPV basis function models the Non-Linear Partial Volume (NLPV) effect,
wherein said at least one other basis function that models the NLPV effect is constructed by:
selecting (S11) a set of at least one ordinary basis function, such that the energy dependent linear attenuation coefficients of homogeneous materials in the image volume can be described by a linear combination of the basis functions in the set,
determining (S12) the fraction of transmitted photons as a function of energy for a detector element situated behind an inhomogeneous region of materials, as seen from the source, taking into account the spatially extended nature of either the detector, the source or both, and
determining (S13) at least one NLPV basis function as the linear attenuation coefficient of a fictious material which, if one unit of distance of a homogeneous slab of this material were traversed by an x-ray beam, would give the same transmitted photon fraction as a function of energy as said calculated fraction which is transmitted through an inhomogeneous region.

US Pat. No. 10,139,353

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR EXAMINING COMPONENTS COMPRISING LAID FIBER COMPOSITE FABRICS OR WOVEN FIBER COMPOSITE FABRICS

VOLUME GRAPHICS GMBH, He...

1. An apparatus for examining a component comprising laid fiber composite fabrics or woven fiber composite fabrics which comprise a number of thin plies with in part different alignment, comprising:a measuring device for carrying out a non-destructive measurement to collect volumetric data of the component; and
an evaluation device for evaluating the collected data of the component, wherein evaluation by the evaluation device comprises selecting a first analysis region in the collected data of the component, determining a local coordinate system of the first analysis region, successively establishing local material properties of the component layer-by-layer at predetermined distances in a relative direction perpendicular to a lateral extent of the first analysis region, detecting ply boundaries along the established local material properties, and averaging the local material properties in each detected ply.

US Pat. No. 10,139,352

MEASUREMENT OF SMALL BOX SIZE TARGETS

KLA-Tenor Corporation, M...

1. A method comprising:providing illumination radiation to a first plurality of small metrology targets and a plurality of large metrology targets disposed on a specimen, the illumination radiation provided by an illumination source of a metrology tool, the illumination radiation projected onto the first plurality of small metrology targets and the plurality of large metrology targets with an illumination spot size, wherein one or more of the first plurality of small metrology targets and one or more of the large metrology targets are located in close proximity to one another, and wherein each of the first plurality of small metrology targets occupies a smaller area than each of the plurality of large metrology targets;
detecting an amount of radiation from the first plurality of small metrology targets and the plurality of large metrology targets specimen in response to the illumination radiation, the amount of radiation detected by a detector of the metrology tool;
generating a measured response associated with the first plurality of small metrology targets and the plurality of large metrology targets based on the detected amounts of radiation, the measured response comprising a first set of measurement signals;
training a signal reconstruction model that maps the measurement signals generated from the measurements of the first plurality of small metrology targets to the measurement signals generated from the measurements of the plurality of large metrology targets;
providing illumination radiation to a second plurality of small metrology targets disposed on the specimen, the illumination radiation provided by the illumination source of the metrology tool, the illumination radiation projected onto the second plurality of small metrology targets with the illumination spot size, wherein each of the second plurality of small metrology targets occupies a smaller area than each of the plurality of large metrology targets;
detecting an amount of radiation from the second plurality of small metrology targets in response to the illumination radiation, the amount of radiation detected by the detector of the metrology tool;
generating a measured response associated with the second plurality of small metrology targets based on the detected amounts of radiation, the measured response comprising a second set of measurement signals; and
determining reconstructed measurement signals for each small metrology target of the second plurality of small metrology targets based on the second set of measurement signals and the trained signal reconstruction model.

US Pat. No. 10,139,351

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTINUOUSLY INSPECTING CONTAINERS

Krones AG, Neutraubling ...

1. An inspection device for continuously inspecting fed containers, in particular bottles, comprising:a feed conveying device configured to feed containers to the inspection device in succession,
a discharge conveying device configured to discharge the inspected containers,
a throughput station for the containers, which is arranged between the feed conveying device and the discharge conveying device, and
a bottom inspection station in an area of the throughput station, said bottom inspection station being configured to inspect bottoms of passing containers,
wherein the throughput station comprises a conveyor arrangement with an individual drive and a plurality of conveying units, which are movable by means of the individual drive individually and independently of one another, the conveyor arrangement being configured to convey the containers from the feed conveying device to the discharge conveying device,
wherein the individual drive is a linear motor drive,
wherein the plurality of conveying units are configured as carriages, which are movable individually and independently of one another via magnetic interaction with the linear motor drive, and
wherein the conveyor arrangement additionally comprises an open-loop and/or closed-loop control unit, which is configured to move the conveying units from a pick-up site for the containers at the feed conveying device to a discharge site for the containers at the discharge conveying device.

US Pat. No. 10,139,349

DIAGNOSIS OF CANCER

TODOS MEDICAL LTD., Airp...

1. A method for indicating whether a subject has a solid tumor in breast tissue of the subject, the method comprising:isolating, using a gradient, a blood plasma sample from a peripheral blood sample taken from the subject;
drying, using a dryer, the blood plasma sample of the subject;
measuring an infrared (IR) spectrum of the dried blood plasma sample of the subject by analyzing the dried blood plasma sample by infrared spectroscopy, and assessing a characteristic of the dried blood plasma sample at at least one wavenumber selected from the group consisting of: 743±4 cm-1, 759±4 cm-1, 793±4 cm-1, 808±4 cm-1, 895±4 cm-1, 967±4 cm-1, 987±4 cm-1, 997±4 cm-1, 1008±4 cm-1, 1048±4 cm-1, 1255±4 cm-1, 1283±4 cm-1, 1372±4 cm-1, 1393±4 cm-1 and 1555±4 cm-1;
using a data processor, comparing at the at least one wavenumber (a) the infrared spectrum of the dried blood plasma sample of the subject to (b) an infrared spectrum obtained from a dried plasma sample from a person without a solid tumor, to detect a difference between the infrared spectrum of the dried plasma sample of the subject and the infrared spectrum obtained from the dried plasma sample from the person without a solid tumor; and
based on the comparing, generating an output indicative of the presence of a solid tumor in breast tissue of the subject.

US Pat. No. 10,139,347

MEASUREMENT OF NOBLE GAS ADSORPTION VIA LASER-INDUCED BREAKDOWN SPECTROSCOPY FOR WETTABILITY DETERMINATION

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A method for determining surface wettability of a sample, comprising:a) contacting a surface of the sample with noble gas;
b) measuring LIBS spectral data on an amount of noble gas or a change in the amount of noble gas that is adsorbed by the sample;
c) measuring spatial information on pore surface area, pore size, pore shape, pore volume, correction for the pore surface area, the pore size, the pore shape, or pore volume of the sample, or a second sample that has a similar composition and structure;
d) measuring or calculating information on an amount of pore surface area for each different wettability type the sample, wherein the sample comprises mixed wettability;
e) determining wettability information on the at least one sample using calibration data sets developed for LIBS spectral data, with input from information on pore surface areas, pore sizes, pore shapes, or pore volumes and mixed wettability;
f) determining spatially resolved wettability information for the sample or the second sample using the wettability information and the spatial information.

US Pat. No. 10,139,343

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CHEMILUMINESCENCE AND/OR FLUORESCENCE MEASURING

Technogenetics Holdings S...

1. An apparatus configured for chemiluminescence and/or fluorescence measuring, comprising:a photomultiplier receiving and measuring chemiluminescence and/or fluorescence of a photo-emission emitted from a single reaction cup;
a sliding cartridge containing said single reaction cup and adapted to slide in a first sliding direction;
a first slider sliding said sliding cartridge in said first sliding direction to locate said single reaction cup at each of the following positions:
a reaction cup placing position,
a reading and injector position, and
a liquid extraction position and,
a reaction cup releasing position;
an injector sliding in a second sliding direction substantially perpendicular to said first sliding direction;
a second slider sliding said injector in said second sliding direction to a position wherein said injector:
injects reaction agents into said single reaction cup when said sliding cartridge is in said reading and injector position, and extracts liquid from said single reaction cup when said sliding cartridge is in said liquid extraction position;
a shifting fork moving linearly along said first sliding direction from being in a shut state wherein the shifting fork holds said single reaction cup in said sliding cartridge to being in an open state wherein shifting fork lets said single reaction cup to drop from said sliding cartridge into a reaction cup releasing tube when said sliding cartridge is reaching said reaction cup releasing position;
an enveloping shield enveloping said apparatus completely and comprising:
a first hole letting said single reaction cup to enter said sliding cartridge when said sliding cartridge is in said reaction cup placing position, and
a second hole letting said single reaction cup to drop into the reaction cup releasing tube when said sliding cartridge is in said reaction cup releasing position; and
a light blocker closing said first hole and second hole when said sliding cartridge is neither in said reaction cup placing position nor in said reaction cup releasing position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,342

PHOTOLUMINESCENT AUTHENTICATION DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS

Spectra Systems Corporati...

1. A system for authenticating an item, the system comprising:a label having a surface and comprising a photoluminescent material capable of absorbing an incident radiation from a radiation source and emitting an emitted radiation having a spectral signature with a decay time after removal of the radiation source; and
a photoauthentication device comprising:
the radiation source configured to provide the incident radiation directly proximate to the photoluminescent material; and
a camera configured to measure the emitted radiation directly proximate from the photoluminescent material at predefined time intervals during the decay time;
wherein the spectral signature includes spectral intensities for a first wavelength and a second wavelength at a first time in the decay time and spectral intensities for the first wavelength and the second wavelength at a second time in the decay time,
wherein the photoauthentication device is configured to communicate with an application to verify the authenticity of the item,
wherein the application is configured to report a result of verifying the authenticity of the item, and
wherein the photoauthentication device is configured to provide the incident radiation and measure the emitted radiation during a single motion of the photoauthentication device across the surface of the label.

US Pat. No. 10,139,340

NONINVASIVE REFRACTOMETER

1. A non-invasive method of measuring the sugar content of a wine contained in a hermetically sealed transparent bottle, the method consisting of the following steps:(a) Shining at least two light sources through the bottle wall,
each having a unique incident angle and Unique path length,
(b) Measuring the intensity of the Fresnel reflection from each light source,
(c) using the measured intensities of the fresnel reflections, in conjunction with the known alcohol content of the wine in order to calculate the sugar content of the wine contained within the bottle.

US Pat. No. 10,139,339

COLOUR SENSOR WITH ANGLE-SELECTIVE STRUCTURES

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. Colour sensor having at least one photosensitive element, in front of which a layer stack of dielectric layers and structured metal layers is formed, and at least one colour filter, through which optical radiation incident on a light input side of the colour sensor is filtered before it reaches a photosensitive surface of the photosensitive element,characterised in that
an array of angle-selective passageways is provided for the optical radiation, between the light input side and the photosensitive surface for each of said at least one photosensitive element, and each passageway only allows parts of the optical radiation incident on the light input side of the colour sensor within a limited angle of incidence range relative to an axis extending perpendicularly to the colour filter to pass through to the photosensitive surface.

US Pat. No. 10,139,337

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR TESTING A MATERIAL SYSTEM

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A system for testing a multicomponent material system, said system comprising:a first material holder to hold a first underlying structure of said multicomponent material system, said first underlying structure comprising a first surface and a first edge; and
a second material holder to hold a second underlying structure of said multicomponent material system, said second underlying structure being separate from said first underlying structure and comprising a second surface and a second edge, such that said first surface and said second surface share a common virtual plane and said first edge and said second edge abut each other to form an edgewise interface that is perpendicular to said common virtual plane;
a first piezoelectric transducer operably connected to said first material holder to apply a first electromechanical-induced force to said first material holder that reciprocally moves said first material holder relative to said second material holder in at least one axial direction; and
a second piezoelectric transducer operably connected said second material holder to apply a second electromechanical-induced force to said second material holder and reciprocally move said second material holder relative to said first material holder in at least one axial direction; and wherein:
linear movement of said first material holder relative to said second material holder causes a mechanical displacement between said first underlying structure and said second underlying structure along said edgewise interface and orthogonal to said common virtual plane and induces a mechanical stress in a coating layer of said multicomponent material system that covers said first surface and said second surface over said edgewise interface and that shares said common virtual plane,
operating frequencies of said first piezoelectric transducer and said second piezoelectric transducer are selected between approximately 1 Hz and approximately 100 kHz so that said mechanical displacement between said first underlying structure and said second underlying structure along said edgewise interface is substantially equivalent to a predefined thermal displacement between said first underlying structure and said second underlying structure along said edgewise interface caused by thermal expansion, and
said mechanical stress induced in said coating layer by said mechanical displacement simulates a thermal stress induced in said coating layer by said thermal displacement.

US Pat. No. 10,139,336

APPARATUS FOR CABLE INSPECTION

AJOU UNIVERSITY INDUSTRY ...

1. An apparatus for cable inspection, which inspects an aerial cable used in electric power transmission, the apparatus comprising:first and second plates spaced apart from each other;
a lower clamp disposed on the first plate;
an upper clamp disposed on the second plate to face the lower clamp and having a through hole in a vertical direction;
a distance adjustment unit configured to adjust a separation distance between the first and second plates;
an indenter indented in a coating of the cable through the through hole;
a first load cell configured to measure an indentation force of the indenter and to output a signal corresponding to the measured indentation force;
a second load cell disposed under the lower clamp and configured to measure pressure applied to the cable and to output a signal corresponding to the measured pressure;
an indenter moving unit configured to control movement of the indenter;
a vibrator connected to the lower clamp and configured to apply vibration to the lower clamp to force the lower clamp to vibrate in a horizontal direction; and
an LM guide disposed between the lower clamp and the second load cell.

US Pat. No. 10,139,335

OBSERVATION IMAGE DETERMINATION DEVICE, METHOD, AND PROGRAM

FUJIFILM Corporation, Mi...

1. An observation image determination device comprising:a memory;
an imaging device which captures an observation image; and
a processor coupled to the memory and the processor configured to:
capture an image of an observation region including a stem cell to be cultured to acquire the observation image; and
determine whether a living body of a different type from the stem cell is included in the observation region,
wherein whether the different type of living body is included in the observation region is determined on the basis of spatial frequency characteristics of an observation target acquired from the observation image and predetermined spatial frequency characteristics of the different type of living body,
wherein the spatial frequency characteristics is a spectrum of a spatial frequency component, and
wherein the imaging device is adjusted to determine whether the different types of living body is included in the captured observation image.

US Pat. No. 10,139,334

PARTICULATE MEASUREMENT DEVICE

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A particulate measurement device comprising:a nozzle which discharges liquid containing particulates from an opening thereof to form a flow of the liquid;
a light emitter which emits light such that the light propagates in a first region where the flow of the liquid having a columnar shape is formed;
a photodetector provided outside the first region to receive the light from a second region, the second region being a partial region of the first region and extending along a longitudinal direction of the first region; and
an air flow forming unit including a gas guide section having a tubular body surrounding the first region, the tubular body configured to form a flow of gas along a direction of the flow of the liquid around the first region,
wherein the light emitter emits light from an inside of the nozzle through the opening,
a shielding portion which blocks light is provided between the opening and the photodetector, and
the tubular body of the air flow forming unit is interposed between the opening of the nozzle and the photodetector to configure the shielding portion.

US Pat. No. 10,139,333

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INERTIAL FOCUSING CYTOMETER WITH INTEGRATED OPTICS FOR PARTICLE CHARACTERIZATION

The General Hospital Corp...

1. A microfluidic device for analysis of a plurality of particles, comprising:a fluid channel having a geometry configured to effect a predetermined spacing of the particles;
an excitation waveguide configured to receive an excitation beam from a source to provide the excitation beam to the fluid channel;
an excitation lens arranged to receive the excitation beam directed toward the fluid channel and configured to focus the excitation beam to a predetermined width that is less than the predetermined spacing of the particles in the fluid channel to induce an interaction between the excitation beam and the particles resulting in a transmitted light;
a detection lens arranged relative to the transmitted light and configured to guide the transmitted light along a plurality of paths;
at least one scattered light waveguide configured to receive light scattered by the particles;
an axial light loss waveguide configured to receive light guided by the detection lens along at least one of the plurality of paths and not received by the at least one scattered light waveguide;
a detector arranged to receive transmitted light from the at least one scattered light waveguide and from the axial light loss waveguide and generate a detection signal based thereon; and
a processor configured to receive the detection signal and determine characteristic features of each of the plurality of particles based on the detection signal.

US Pat. No. 10,139,331

FILTRATION MEMBRANE FOULING INDEX MEASURING METHOD

1. A filtration membrane fouling index measuring method using a first filtration membrane and a second filtration membrane, wherein the first filtration membrane and the second filtration membrane have a same membrane material, membrane area, and pore size, the method comprising:(a) connecting, in series, the first and second filtration membranes having the same membrane material, membrane area, and pore size;
(b) passing fluid through the first filtration member and subsequently passing the fluid that has passed through the first filtration member through the second filtration member;
(c) measuring a first flow rate passing through the first filtration membrane;
(d) measuring a second flow rate passing through theft second filtration membrane;
(e) measuring a cumulative permeation rate passing through the first or second filtration membrane; and
(f) determining a fouling index of each of the first and second filtration membranes, based on the first flow rate passing through the first filtration membrane, the second flow rate passing through the second filtration membrane, and the cumulative permeation rate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,328

APPARATUS FOR GAUGING LIQUID OR SOLID MASS CONTAINED IN A VESSEL AND METHOD FOR USING SAME

1. A mass gauging apparatus comprisinga) a vessel-fluid-support structure, further comprising:
i) a vessel of arbitrary geometry containing a fluid or solid of unknown mass in contact with said vessel,
ii) a vessel support structure of arbitrary geometry supporting said vessel,
iii) vessel supports of arbitrary geometry connecting said vessel to the vessel support structure,
b) sensors located on the vessel, the vessel support structure, and/or the vessel supports,
c) an excitation device providing periodic or aperiodic vibrations to the vessel-fluid-support structure,
d) a data acquisition system electrically configured to said excitation device and said sensors, determining one or more resonant frequency modes of the vessel-fluid-support structure and the relative amplitudes of same, and
e) a data analysis system, selectively identifying and plotting resonant frequency mode features as a function of the fluid or solid mass.

US Pat. No. 10,139,327

INDENTATION DEVICE, INSTRUMENTED MEASUREMENT SYSTEM, AND A METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS BY THE INDENTATION METHOD

CESKE VYSOKE UCENI TECHNI...

1. An indentation device for measuring the mechanical properties of materials, comprising a housing provided with a facing with a hole, a holder for an indenter mounted that is capable of sliding in the hole of the facing, a rod abutting the indenter via a displacement sensor, a load cell, and a movable pushing segment for loading the holder with the indenter, wherein a holder for the displacement sensor is rigidly connected to the housing in which there is slidably positioned a rod passing to the displacement sensor arranged in the holder in the axis of the indenter without deformation of all components through which a loading mechanism is dropped on the indenter; the movable pushing segment in the upper part of the housing is provided with at least one support extending around the holder and engaging with a central pressure plate arranged slidably in the housing and supporting at least one first load cell with deformable protrusions which cross a gap and abut a bottom pressure plate arranged slidably in the housing and connected with the holder of the indenter, wherein between the bottom pressure plate and the facing there is arranged a first resilient member, and the central pressure plate and the bottom pressure plate are provided with holes for passage of the rod into the holder.

US Pat. No. 10,139,325

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR EVALUATING BUBBLE FORMATION POTENTIAL IN A STRUCTURE

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A system for evaluating bubble formation potential in a structure, comprising:an environment test chamber;
an environment controller for controlling a plurality of environmental conditions within the environment test chamber, wherein the plurality of environmental conditions comprise temperature, humidity and air pressure;
a detector for capturing images of a structure under test;
an illumination source for controlling illumination of the structure under test; and
a user interface coupled to the environment controller for adjusting the environmental conditions within the environment test chamber and the user interface is coupled to the illumination source for setting and adjusting illumination of the structure under test and the user interface is coupled to the detector for receiving the captured images and evaluating bubble formation potential in the structure under test based on the captured images.

US Pat. No. 10,139,322

SAMPLE PREPARATION DEVICE

MERCK PATENT GMBH, Darms...

1. A filtration unit (1) capable of use in a sample preparation device, said unit comprisinga base part (2) that defines a membrane support (9;10);
a removable lid (3) defining a membrane chamber (12) with said base part (2) and sealing the membrane chamber (12) from the environment;
at least one inlet port (4,6) and at least one outlet port (5) respectively accessible from outside and communicating with said membrane chamber (12) at positions upstream and downstream of a membrane (8) when the same is provided on said membrane support (9;10),
wherein said inlet and outlet port(s) (4,5,6) are respectively provided with a sealing mechanism (7) formed so as to be opened upon connection with a mating connector on an external receptacle and so as to be automatically re-sealable upon disconnection.

US Pat. No. 10,139,319

SAMPLE SMEARING APPARATUS

SYSMEX CORPORATION, Kobe...

1. A sample smearing apparatus comprising:a first slide glass feeder that feeds a first slide glass among one or more first slide glasses held in the first slide glass feeder before processing;
a slide glass transporter onto which the first slide glass at a first slide glass feeding position is fed from the first slide glass feeder, the slide glass transporter comprising: a slide glass holder that holds the first slide glass; and a transport mechanism that transports the slide glass holder; and
a slide processor that performs processing on the first slide glass held by the slide glass holder, wherein
the transport mechanism that transports, between the first slide glass feeding position and the slide processor, the slide glass holder.

US Pat. No. 10,139,315

TABLET SAMPLER ASSEMBLY

1. A tablet coating machine comprising:a rotatable drum for containing a bed of tablets being coated, the drum comprising a circumferential peripheral wall and two end walls;
a tablet sampler assembly including:
a housing attached to a portion of the tablet coating machine, and
a receptacle for receiving a sample of tablets,
wherein at least a portion of the receptacle is movable between a collecting position in which the receptacle is configured to be in communication with the interior of the drum, thereby enabling collection of a sample by the receptacle from the drum, and a non-collecting position in which the receptacle is configured to be substantially out of communication with the interior of the drum; and
a sampling blade configured to direct tablets towards the receptacle when the at least a portion of the receptacle is in the collecting position and the drum is rotating.

US Pat. No. 10,139,314

MISFIRE DETECTION DEVICE TO DETECT MISFIRE BASED ON A FREQUENCY ANALYSIS OF A ROTATION SIGNAL CORRELATED WITH A ROTATIONAL STATE OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A misfire detection device comprising:a rotation acquisition unit configured to acquire a rotation signal correlated with a rotational state of an internal combustion engine;
an analysis unit configured to perform frequency analysis of the rotation signal acquired with the rotation acquisition unit and to determine an inter-cylinder component, wherein the inter-cylinder component is a frequency component of an inter-cylinder cycle, the inter-cylinder cycle is a value computed by dividing an ignition cycle by a number of cylinders of the internal combustion engine, and the ignition cycle is one burning cycle of the internal combustion engine;
an inter-cylinder determination unit configured to determine whether the inter-cylinder component is smaller than an inter-cylinder threshold representing occurrence of misfire; and
a misfire detection unit configured to determine that misfire occurs in response to determination that the inter-cylinder component is smaller than the inter-cylinder threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,139,312

METHOD FOR SENSING REVERSE ROTATION OF ENGINE IN VEHICLE USING TOOTH PERIOD RATIO OF CRANKSHAFT

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for sensing a reverse rotation of an engine in a vehicle, wherein a pulse signal is received from a crankshaft angle detection sensor provided to detect a crankshaft angle of the engine and a reverse rotation state of the engine in the vehicle is determined based on a tooth period ratio between a falling edge and the next falling edge of the pulse signal, the method comprising:detecting, by an electronic control unit (ECU), tooth period ratios using the crankshaft angle detection sensor and storing the detected tooth period ratios in a buffer of the ECU;
calculating, by the ECU, a first tooth period ratio which is a ratio between a first measured tooth period and a previous tooth period measured just before the first measured tooth period;
determining, by the ECU, whether a value of the first tooth period ratio is greater than a first reference value;
updating, by the ECU, a tooth period value, which is stored in the buffer previously by measuring a second tooth period, when the first tooth period ratio is greater than the first reference value;
calculating, by the ECU, a second tooth period ratio using a value of e second tooth period; and
determining, by the ECU, the reverse rotation state of the engine by checking whether a change between the first tooth period ratio and the second tooth period ratio shows a predetermined pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,139,311

COMPUTER-IMPLEMENTED METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MACHINE TOOL DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, PREDICTION, AND PLANNING IN MANUFACTURING SHOP FLOOR

Palo Alto Research Center...

1. A computer-implemented system for detecting machine tool wear, predicting machine tool failure, and manufacturing shop floor planning, comprising:a computing device comprising a processor and configured to:
obtain a machine tool's operational data comprising positional parameters and movement parameters during a time window;
identify a plurality of machining processes of the machine tool based upon a match of the positional parameters and the movement parameters that defines the machining processes;
cluster the plurality of the machining processes into one or more process clusters, based upon a similarity of the machining processes;
detect the machine tool's wear by characterizing a trend of change in a parameter from the one or more clusters of machining processes performed by the machine tool; and
predict the machine tool's remaining useful life by extrapolating the trend under a first-order Markov process, wherein the machine tool is replaced based on the predicted remaining useful life.

US Pat. No. 10,139,309

COLLISION SENSOR

DRAGON CROWN INDUSTRIES L...

1. A collision sensor for detecting a collision between an automatically moveable part of a furniture and an obstacle, comprising:a piece of the furniture with at least one moveable part being driven relative to other pieces of the furniture in-a non-manual manner;
an automatic driving mechanism moving the at least one moveable part;
a controller controlling the automatic driving mechanism; and
a sensor comprising:
a hollow housing formed by injection molding, having a base plate and one or more lateral walls defining an accommodation space;
a collision information generator arranged in the space and producing an output indicating a directional and/or positioning information of the collision when triggered during the collision; and
a collision detecting member arranged over the collision information generator and triggering the collision information generator upon being actuated and driven by the obstacle during the collision;
wherein the collision detecting member and the collision information generator are spaced apart from each other or in contact with each other by one or more resilient members arranged in the space,
wherein the collision detecting member is switchable between a normal position at which the collision detecting member is spaced apart from or in contact with the collision information generator, and a plurality of working positions at which at least a portion of the collision detecting member is pressed against and triggering the collision information generator by a compressive or collision force originating from the obstacle during the collision,
and
wherein the collision sensor is adapted to detect the collision with the obstacle during movement of the moveable part and collect the directional and/or positioning information of the collision and then transmit the output indicating the collision and/or the information to the controller to adjust the automatic driving mechanism when the collision occurs.

US Pat. No. 10,139,306

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR BRIDGE DAMAGE DETECTION

Iowa State University Res...

1. A computer-implemented method for determining bridge damage from strain sensor data, comprising:collecting a batch of strain data from one or more sensor pairs;
after collecting the batch of strain data, segmenting the batch of strain data to remove temperature variations in said batch of strain data to zero the batch of strain data, wherein said removal of temperature variations includes determining a temperate baseline for the data set and subtracting said temperate baseline from the segmented batch of strain data;
removing bridge component responses from the batch of strain data to acquire a quasi-static response;
extracting from the batch of strain data one or more sets of strain data comprising the quasi-static response of the bridge under ambient traffic loads;
establishing a relationship between the one or more sets of strain data extracted from the one or more sensor pairs by orthogonal regression; and
detecting bridge damage by generally isolating a damage indicator between the one or more sensor pairs using a statistical Fshm value, wherein the damage indicator comprises a change in the one or more Fshm values for a control chart.

US Pat. No. 10,139,305

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MAKING CANISTER AND FOR DETECTING LEAKS FOR QUALITY ASSURANCE

PBM Nutritionals, LLC, C...

14. A method for leak detection of a canister, the canister having a cover and a container, the cover having a base and a lid and a foil attached to the base of the cover, comprising steps offilling the container with a selected content,
attaching the cover to the container,
providing a station for leak detection of the canister wherein the station comprises (a) a flat surface, (b) a shroud having a block within the shroud, (c) a movable plunger, and (d) a processing computer,
receiving the container with the cover thereon on the flat surface,
moving said plunger downward to engage the cover of said canister thereby holding said canister in place on said flat surface,
pushing down on a top surface of the cover causing sufficient movement of the cover and causing evacuation of any air between said base and said lid of said cover,
moving said shroud downward and seating said shroud on said flat surface surrounding said canister to form a vacuum chamber,
removing a predetermined amount of air from said vacuum chamber to form a vacuum therein, and
generating by said processing computer data sufficient to indicate whether there is a leak in said canister.

US Pat. No. 10,139,304

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DETECTING A SLOW LEAK IN AN IMPLANTABLE HYDRAULIC OCCLUSION SYSTEM

UROMEMS, Grenoble (FR)

1. A method for detection of a slow leak in a hydraulic occlusive system implantable in an animal or human body to occlude a natural conduit, said occlusive system comprising:a hydraulic circuit comprising:
an inflatable occlusive cuff containing a variable volume of fluid, surrounding a part of the natural conduit to be occluded,
a reservoir containing fluid, and
a fluidic connection between the cuff and the reservoir,
an activation device coupled to a mobile element of said hydraulic circuit and adapted to move said mobile element to transfer a determined volume of fluid from the reservoir to the cuff or from the cuff to the reservoir, so as to vary the compression exerted by said cuff on said conduit,
a control unit adapted to urge the activation device so as to exert determined compression on the conduit,
variation of the compression exerted by the cuff on the conduit being created by transfer of an adjustable volume of said fluid between the reservoir and the cuff,said method comprising:measuring the evolution of the pressure in the hydraulic circuit for a determined displacement parameter of the activation device, said determined displacement parameter being a position of the mobile element defining a determined volume of transferred fluid,
detecting a slow leak in the hydraulic circuit when the pressure measured in said circuit for said determined displacement parameter of the activation device fulfils a predetermined criterion.

US Pat. No. 10,139,303

CALIBRATING DEVICE FOR MEASURING AND CALIBRATING THE CENTER OF GRAVITY OF A REMOTE CONTROL AIRCRAFT OR AN AIRFOIL THEREOF

Fong Bong Enterprise Co.,...

1. A calibrating device for measuring and calibrating a center of gravity of a remote control aircraft or an airfoil thereof, comprising:a crossbar arranged along a longitudinal axis and comprising a longitudinal rail and a slider movably engaged with the longitudinal rail, wherein the longitudinal rail is arranged in an extending direction of the crossbar, wherein the crossbar further comprises a drive member coupled with the longitudinal rail or the slider and driving the slider to move along the longitudinal rail, and wherein the slider comprises a pointer;
a first support comprising a seat, two receiving portions and an auxiliary support, wherein the two receiving portions are arranged on the seat and are movable along a transverse axis perpendicular to the longitudinal axis, wherein the two receiving portions are aligned with each other along the transverse axis, wherein each of the two receiving portions comprises a load cell, and wherein the auxiliary support is detachably arranged on the two receiving portions;
a second support comprising a base and a supporting portion arranged on the base, wherein the supporting portion comprises a load cell; and
a control unit electrically coupled with the drive member of the crossbar, the two load cells of the first support, and the load cell of the second support,
wherein the first and second supports are configured to jointly support the remote control aircraft or the airfoil thereof, wherein the center of gravity of the remote control aircraft or the airfoil thereof is located between the first and second supports along the longitudinal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,139,298

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR DETECTING DRIVER'S HANDS-OFF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for detecting a driver's hands-off, the apparatus comprising:a torque sensor configured to detect a torque signal generated from a steering wheel of a vehicle;
a vibration generator configured to generate a reference vibration to the steering wheel of the vehicle;
a filter configured to extract a torque signal of a vibration frequency band from the detected torque signal; and
a controller configured to activate the vibration generator when a change rate of the detected torque signal exceeds a threshold value and to determine whether the driver's hands-off occurs based on a change of the torque signal extracted by the filter.

US Pat. No. 10,139,296

CENTRIFUGE CALIBRATION APPARATUS

1. An apparatus for testing centrifuge operation, the apparatus comprising:a tube sized to fit into a rotor of a centrifuge;
a spring supported within the tube;
a piston supported by the spring within the tube, the piston operable to exert a centrifugal force against the spring when the tube is spun in the centrifuge; and
an indicator responsive to a displacement of the piston resulting from the centrifugal force.

US Pat. No. 10,139,292

CALORIMETER WITH STABILIZED TEMPERATURE

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA REC...

1. A calorimeter comprising at least one measurement sensor, intended to receive at least one sample, and at least three stages for regulating temperature, of decreasing size, each comprising a support and temperature regulation means, the stage of smaller size being associated with said at least one measurement sensor, wherein:a first stage comprising a support and a screen, the first stage defining a first chamber and isolating an inside of the first chamber from temperature variations of an outer environment of the calorimeter, and the temperature regulation means of the first stage allowing isolation of an inside of the first chamber from temperature variations of said outer environment,
a second stage is placed inside said first chamber and its support is thermally coupled with the support of the first stage by first thermal conductances, said first thermal conductances consisting of Peltier effect elements,
a third stage is placed inside a second chamber defined by the second stage and is thermally coupled with said second stage by second passive thermal conductances defining a time constant of between 10 seconds and several hundred seconds, the temperature regulation means of the third stage providing values of temperature required for obtaining measurements by said at least one measurement sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,139,290

OPTICAL TEMPERATURE SENSOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING OPTICAL TEMPERATURE SENSOR

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. An optical temperature sensor comprising:a temperature sensing element having light transmission characteristics that vary with temperature;
a hollow holding member that holds the temperature sensing element;
an optical fiber that is arranged inside the holding member, the optical fiber including a tip face that is disposed to face the temperature sensing element at a position separated from the temperature sensing element by a predetermined distance, and
a fixing member having a low thermal conductivity and provided at a tip portion of the optical fiber for fixing the optical fiber to the holding member;
wherein the fixing member includes a drop shoulder portion formed near the tip face of the optical fiber, the drop shoulder portion being separated from the holding member;
wherein the temperature sensing element allows light emitted from the tip face of the optical fiber to be incident thereon, allows the incident light to be transmitted therethrough, and allows reflected light of the transmitted light that has been reflected by a measuring object to be transmitted therethrough.

US Pat. No. 10,139,289

TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT DEVICE, LIGHT EMITTING MODULE AND TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT METHOD

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A temperature measurement device comprising:a light emitting part including a first light source configured to output a measurement light beam at a first wavelength and a second light source configured to output a reference light beam at a second wavelength;
a light receiving part configured to receive a reflected light beam of the measurement light beam and a reflected light beam of the reference light beam, the reflected light beam of the measurement light beam and the reflected light beam of the reference light beam having passed through a temperature sensing device that changes light transmission characteristics with changes in temperature;
an optical temperature sensor that contains a temperature sensing device and an optical fiber therein;
a control part configured to measure a temperature detected by the temperature sensing device based on an amount of light of the received reflected light beam of the measurement light beam and an amount of light of the received reflected light beam of the reference light beam; and
a temperature adjustment part configured to adjust a temperature of the first light source and a temperature of the second light source separately from each other,
wherein the temperature sensing device and a top end surface of the optical fiber are apart from each other, and
wherein a distance between the temperature sensing device and the top end surface of the optical fiber is adjustable.

US Pat. No. 10,139,288

COMPOSITIONS, APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR CAPACITIVE TEMPERATURE SENSING

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A method of monitoring a temperature of a portion of a high voltage power cable, the method comprising:detecting a resonant frequency of an L-C circuit that comprises a capacitive sensing element that is in thermal communication with a portion of the high voltage power cable,
wherein the capacitive sensing element comprises a capacitive sensing composition that includes a ferroelectric ceramic material that exhibits a measurable electrical Curie temperature that is below 30 degrees C.,
and wherein the capacitive sensing composition exhibits a negative slope of capacitance versus temperature over the temperature range of from 30 degrees C. to 150 degrees C.

US Pat. No. 10,139,287

IN-SITU THIN FILM BASED TEMPERATURE SENSING FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE UNIFORMITY AND HIGH RATE OF TEMPERATURE CHANGE THERMAL REFERENCE SOURCES

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

1. A thin-film device for generating a blackbody spectrum, comprising:a first carbon nanotube layer configured to generate heat in response to an applied voltage;
a second carbon nanotube layer configured to generate the blackbody radiation spectrum in response to the heat from the first carbon nanotube layer; and
a thermocouple between the first carbon nanotube layer and the second carbon nanotube layer for measuring a temperature at the second carbon nanotube layer.

US Pat. No. 10,139,286

JUNCTION ASSEMBLY OF ELECTRICAL CABLES, AND THERMOCOUPLE SENSOR COMPRISING SUCH JUNCTION

ITALCOPPIE SENSORI S.R.L....

1. Junction assembly comprising:a first electrical cable in turn comprising a first and a second electrical conductor and an insulating coating made of insulating inorganic material that coats and electrically insulates the first and the second electrical conductor;
a second electrical cable comprising a third and a fourth electrical conductor and an insulating coating made of insulating organic material that coats and electrically insulates the third and the fourth electrical conductor;
a junction comprising a sleeve that forms two ends;
and further comprising a protective casing covering the assembly comprising the sleeve and the joined ends of the conductors;
and wherein:
the first and the third electrical conductor are mechanically and electrically connected together to form a first composite conductor;
the second and the fourth electrical conductor are mechanically and electrically connected together to form a second composite conductor;
one of the two ends of the sleeve receives and is fastened to the first electrical cable and the other of the two ends of the sleeve receives and is fastened to the second electrical cable;
one of the two ends is fixed through permanent plastic deformation to the insulating coating made of insulating inorganic material of the first electrical cable or to the first and second electrical conductor of the first electrical cable;
the other of the two ends of the sleeve is fixed through permanent plastic deformation to the insulating coating made of insulating organic material of the second electrical cable or to the third and fourth electrical conductor of the second electrical cable; and
the sleeve includes an intermediate wall in between the two ends and arranged between the first and the second composite conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,139,283

NON-CONTACT THERMAL MEASUREMENTS OF VUV OPTICS

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a first optical element disposed in an optical path of an amount of primary measurement light of an optically based measurement system, wherein the amount of primary measurement light is incident on the first optical element over a first portion of the first optical element, wherein the first optical element is constructed of a material with low emissivity at long wavelength infrared wavelengths within a range of eight micrometers to fifteen micrometers;
a first amount of material having high emissivity at the long wavelength infrared wavelengths disposed on the first optical element over a second portion of the first optical element that is separate from the first portion of the first optical element; and
an infrared camera system configured to perform IR-based temperature measurements of the first optical element with long wavelength infrared light having wavelengths in a range of eight micrometers to fifteen micrometers, wherein the second portion of the first optical element is in the field of view of the infrared camera system.

US Pat. No. 10,139,281

MOTION DETECTION FOR A/V RECORDING AND COMMUNICATION DEVICES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method for an audio/video (A/V) recording and communication device, the A/V recording and communication device including at least a first motion sensor and a second motion sensor, the method comprising:generating, by the first motion sensor, a first output signal based at least in part on detecting an object within a field of view of the A/V recording and communication device;
generating, by the second motion sensor, a second output signal based at least in part on detecting the object within the field of view of the A/V recording and communication device;
calculating a first time coordinate for a maximum of the first output signal;
calculating a second time coordinate for a maximum of the second output signal;
calculating a spacing between the first time coordinate and the second time coordinate;
comparing the spacing to a threshold value; and
upon determining that the spacing is less than the threshold value, performing at least one of (i) filtering out the first output signal and the second output signal or (ii) refraining from generating an alert signal.

US Pat. No. 10,139,280

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT FOR SPECTRAL IMAGING SYSTEM

IMEC, Leuven (BE)

1. An imaging system including an integrated circuit, the integrated circuit comprising:an array of optical sensors, each optical sensor comprising at least one pixel;
an array of optical filters each configured to pass a band of wavelengths onto one or more of the sensors, wherein the array of optical filters are monolithically integrated on and in contact with the array of optical sensors, wherein different ones of the optical filters are configured to have different thicknesses and are configured to pass different bands of wavelengths using interference and to detect a spectrum of wavelengths; and
read out circuitry configured to read out pixel values from the array of sensors to represent an image and comprising a wavelength selector for selecting between, according to a calibration input, or combining read out signals of corresponding pixels of different optical filters to tune an output to correspond to a particular wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,139,279

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR BIO-SENSING USING UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES

BioSensing Systems, LLC, ...

1. A system for bio-sensing a predefined state of crops, the system comprising:an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) equipped to collect hyperspectral images of a crop and at least one fog computer located near said crop,
said UAV and fog computer connected wirelessly to exchange and process crop-related data in real-time,
said UAV comprising;
a hyperspectral sensor positioned on a bottom portion of the unmanned aerial vehicle and configured to collect and process image data of the ground during flight;
a control system connected to the hyperspectral sensor comprising one or more processors coupled to a memory, the control system configured to execute machine executable code during flight to cause the control system to:
receive the image data comprising a set of pixels from the hyperspectral sensor;
process the image data during flight to classify each pixel in the set of pixels as representing image data reflected from leaves and non-leaves to identify a subset of the set of pixels that represent leaves;
process the pixels classified as leaves during flight to further classify them as either direct reflect pixels or indirect reflect pixels;
parse additional processing tasks between the one or more processors onboard the UAV and one or more processors in the fog computer; and
said UAV and fog computer using software virtualization techniques to provide real time processing of the direct and indirect reflect pixels during flight to further classify them being in the predefined state by having a disease or not; and
said fog computer comprising a transmitter for transmitting hyperspectral data after a flight for further processing in remote cloud computers.

US Pat. No. 10,139,278

HETEROGENEOUS SPECTROSCOPIC TRANSCEIVING PHOTONIC INTEGRATED CIRCUIT SENSOR

Aurrion, Inc., Goleta, C...

1. A photonic integrated circuit, comprising:a silicon substrate;
a plurality of waveguides formed in the substrate and positioned in a plane;
a plurality of lasers coupled to the waveguides and configured to produce light having wavelengths that are different from one another;
at least one coupler positioned in the plane and configured to couple light from the lasers out of the waveguides to form multi-wavelength light in a different plane;
an emission lens configured to direct the multi-wavelength light toward an object, and
at least one detector positioned in the plane and configured to detect at least a portion of returning light that is returned from the object.

US Pat. No. 10,139,277

METROLOGY METHOD AND APPARATUS, LITHOGRAPHIC APPARATUS, AND DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A system comprising:first and second sources configured to emit corresponding first and second beams of radiation;
a beam selection device comprising:
a tiltable mirror positioned such that the first beam of radiation is incident on the tiltable mirror at a first angle of incidence and the second beam is incident on the tiltable mirror at a second angle of incidence, and
an actuator configured to drive the tiltable mirror based on a required spot size and angular distribution for illuminating a target on a substrate,
wherein the beam selection device is configured to select one of the first and second beams of radiation as a measurement beam of radiation by tilting the tiltable mirror;
an objective lens configured to direct the measurement beam of radiation onto the target on the substrate and to collect radiation diffracted by the target; and
a sensor configured to detect an angle resolved spectrum in a pupil plane of the objective lens.

US Pat. No. 10,139,276

HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGING OF A MOVING SCENE

BAE SYSTEMS plc, London ...

1. A method for hyperspectral imaging of a scene along an imaging path, from a viewpoint which is arranged to move relative to the scene, the method comprising:acquiring a first scan line of hyperspectral image data of a portion of the scene from the viewpoint, along a first viewing direction relative to the viewpoint;
redirecting the viewing direction from the first viewing direction to a second viewing direction relative to the viewpoint, in dependence of the relative movement, to maintain a view of the scene as the viewpoint moves along a portion of the imaging path;
acquiring a second scan line of hyperspectral image data of a further portion of the scene along the second viewing direction; and
stacking the first and second scan lines of the hyperspectral image data to obtain three-dimensional hyperspectral data,
wherein the hyperspectral image data is acquired via a reflecting member, which is arranged to reflect an image of the portion of the scene onto a hyperspectral sensor, and
wherein the viewing direction is varied between the first and second viewing directions by rotating the reflecting member between first and second angular orientations, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,139,275

APPARATUS FOR SPECTROMETRICALLY CAPTURING LIGHT WITH A PHOTODIODE WHICH IS MONOLITHICALLY INTEGRATED IN THE LAYER STRUCTURE OF A WAVELENGTH-SELECTIVE FILTER

1. Apparatus for spectrometrically capturing light, comprising at least:a wavelength-adjustable filter for converting spectral information into location information and
an organic photodiode serving as a detector for converting the location information into electrical signals that can be retransmitted,wherein the filter and the organic photodiode form a single-piece monolith, wherein the organic photodiode is combined with the filter in a connection arrangement or the organic photodiode is integrated into the filter,wherein the filter comprises at leasta spectrally resolving element in the form of at least one layer-like photonic crystal constituting the monolith, in which two layers having variable thickness D are formed along a direction perpendicular to incident light, wherein a resonance layer is arranged between the two layers,wherein the organic photodiode contacting the filter comprises at least the following detector layers:a photo-active layer,
a first electrode of the photoactive layer and
a second electrode of the photoactive layer,wherein the photoactive layer is located between the first and second electrodes and one of the electrodes is in contact with the photonic crystal,wherein:the photoactive layer,
the first electrode of the photoactive layer and
the second electrode of the photoactive layer,are located within the resonance layer of the photonic crystal of the filter.

US Pat. No. 10,139,274

METHOD OF OPTICAL POWER SELF-REFERENCING AND TEST CORD VERIFICATION

Fluke Corporation, Evere...

1. An optical power self-referencing method comprising:providing a first optical measurement device having a first photodetectorBiDi and a first light sourceBiDi in a first bi-directional port and a first photodetectorPM in a first power meter port;
providing a second optical measurement device having a second photodetectorBiDi and a second light sourceBiDi in a second bi-directional port and a second photodetectorPM in a second power meter port;
receiving factory calibration correction factors, ?1 and ?2, wherein ?1 is a factory measurement error between the first photodetectorPM and the first photodetectorBiDi of the first optical measurement device, and wherein ?2 is a factory measurement error between the second photodetectorPM and the second photodetectorBiDi of the second optical measurement device;
connecting, on the first optical measurement device, the first bi-directional port to the first power meter port using a first test cord and measuring a power level of an optical signal received at the first power meter, Px1;
connecting, on the second optical measurement device, a second bi-directional port to the second power meter port using a second test cord and measuring a power level of an optical signal received at a second power meter, Py1;
disconnecting, on the first optical measurement device, the first test cord from the first power meter port and connecting the first bi-directional port to the second power meter port using the first test cord and measuring the power level of an optical signal received at the second power meter, Px2;
disconnecting, on the second optical measurement device, the second test cord from the second power meter port and connecting the second bi-directional port to the first power meter port using the second test cord and measuring the power level of an optical signal received at the first power meter, Py2;
determining field calibration correction factors, ?3 and ?4, wherein ?3 is a field measurement error between the first photodetectorPM and the first photodetectorBiDi of the first optical measurement device, wherein ?4 is a field measurement error between the second photodetectorPM and the second photodetectorBiDi of the second optical measurement device; and wherein:
Px2=Px1??3,
Py2=Py1??4,
Pref1=Py2??3, and
Pref2=Px2??4,
calculating Pref1 and Pref2 by substituting Px2 and Py2, wherein
Pref1=Py1??4??1, and
Pref2=Px1??3??2; and
performing loss testing by disconnecting the connection end of the first test cord from the connection end of the second test cord, connecting the connection end of the first test cord and the connection end of the second test cord to opposite ends of an optical fiber link being tested, and measuring power levels of optical signals received by the first test cord, Py4, and by the second test cord, Py4, through the optical fiber link being tested;
wherein a loss at the first bi-directional port equals: Py4?Pref1, and wherein a loss at the second bi-directional port equals: Px4?Pref2.

US Pat. No. 10,139,273

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MEASURING LOCAL ULTRAVIOLET EXPOSURE

Andrew Poutiatine, Mill ...

1. A method for measuring ambient ultraviolet light radiation comprising:accessing a first location of a light exposure device comprising an ultraviolet sensor;
calculating a target direct orientation of the light exposure device based on the first location, a current time and date, and a direct solar position model, the ultraviolet sensor approximately normal the Sun when the light exposure device occupies the target direct orientation at approximately the current time;
calculating a target diffuse orientation of the light exposure device based on the first location, the current time, and a diffuse solar position model, the ultraviolet sensor biased away from the Sun when the light exposure device occupies the target diffuse orientation at approximately the current time;
tracking an orientation of the light exposure device;
in response to detecting alignment between orientation of the light exposure device and the target direct orientation at approximately the current time, recording a direct ultraviolet value read from the ultraviolet sensor;
in response to detecting alignment between orientation of the light exposure device and the target diffuse orientation at approximately the current time, recording a diffuse ultraviolet value read from the ultraviolet sensor;
in response to detecting alignment between orientation of the light exposure device and a target global orientation at approximately the current time, recording a global ultraviolet value read from the ultraviolet sensor; and
calculating a current ultraviolet index at the light exposure device based on the global ultraviolet value.

US Pat. No. 10,139,272

COMPACT CALIBRATION AND TESTING SYSTEM FOR HIGH POWER LASERS AND OPTICS

1. An optical calibration and testing system comprising:(a) an intracavity laser beam in which a laser beam is recycled plural times; and
(b) a thin disk laser head to generate and maintain the intracavity laser beam comprising:
a thin disk gain medium that generates laser power, and
a high reflectance mirror either coated or attached on the gain medium, and
a heat sink comprising:
a solid metal block comprising aluminum, copper, beryllium or their alloys, or
a semiconductor wafer that is attached to a solid or hollowed-out metal block, or
a diamond wafer that is attached to a solid or hollowed-out metal block,
wherein the hollowed-out metal block filled with a phase change material comprising paraffin, fatty acids, salt hydrates, eutectics or any combination of these materials,
wherein the heat sink is attached to a common base plate comprising:
a solid metal bock, or
a hollowed-out metal block filled with a phase change material comprising:
paraffin, fatty acids, salt hydrates, eutectics or any combination of these materials, or
a hollowed-out metal block filled with flow of liquid coolant comprising:
water, Freon, or ammonia, or
a hollowed-out metal block filled with replacement cartridges comprising;
hollowed-out metal block filled with a phase change material comprising paraffin, fatty acids, salt hydrates, eutectics or any combination of these materials; and
(c) a radiation pressure meter system comprising:
a high reflectance mirror positioned at an angle between 0 and 90 degrees to the direction of the intracavity laser beam,
wherein the reflection of the intracavity laser beam creates a repulsive force on the mirror,
wherein the high reflectance mirror is attached to a heat sink comprising:
a solid metal bock, or
a hollowed-out metal block filled with a phase change material comprising:
paraffin, fatty acids, salt hydrates, eutectics or any combination of these materials, or
a hollowed-out metal block filled with flow of liquid coolant comprising water, Freon, or ammonia, or
a hollowed-out metal block filled with replacement cartridges comprising;
hollowed-out metal block filled with a phase change material comprising paraffin, fatty acids, salt hydrates, eutectics or any combination of these materials,
wherein the heat sink is attached to a radiation pressure meter that reads the repulsive force from the reflection of the intracavity laser beam on the mirror, which is transmitted through the heat sink to the meter,
wherein the radiation pressure meter is attached to the base plate; and
(d) an outcoupler high reflectance mirror that terminates the intracavity laser beam and is mounted on a heat sink comprising:
a solid metal bock, or
a hollowed-out metal block filled with a phase change material comprising:
paraffin, fatty acids, salt hydrates, eutectics or any combination of these materials, or
a hollowed-out metal block filled with flow liquid coolant comprising water, Freon, or ammonia, or
a hollowed-out metal block filled with replacement cartridges comprising;
hollowed metal block filled with a phase change material comprising paraffin, fatty acids, salt hydrates, eutectics or any combination of these materials,
wherein the heat sink is attached the base plate; and
(e) a tested or calibrated optical element that is positioned in the intracavity beam, and mounted on a heat sink comprising:
a solid metal bock, or
a hollowed-out metal block filled with a phase change material comprising:
paraffin, fatty acids, salt hydrates, eutectics or any combination of these materials, or
a hollowed-out metal block filled with flow liquid coolant comprising water, Freon, or ammonia, or
a hollowed-out metal block filled with replacement cartridges comprising;
hollowed metal block filled with a phase change material comprising paraffin, fatty acids, salt hydrates, eutectics or any combination of these materials,
wherein the heat sink is attached the base plate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,270

ASYMMETRIC SENSOR

Drexel University, Phila...

1. A piezoelectric cantilever sensor having a receptor immobilized thereon to which an analyte binds, said sensor being asymmetrically anchored at one end such that anchoring on one side of the sensor is longer than anchoring on another side of the sensor whereby the cantilever sensor exhibits different resonant bending modes that can be measured electrically without external instrumentation that measures sensor oscillation.

US Pat. No. 10,139,269

DETECTING BROADSIDE ACOUSTIC SIGNALS WITH A FIBER OPTICAL DISTRIBUTED ACOUSTIC SENSING (DAS) ASSEMBLY

SHELL OIL COMPANY, Houst...

1. A distributed fiber optic acoustic sensing system comprising:a towed streamer cable having a cable length, the towed streamer cable comprising:
an elongated body having an outer surface;
at least one straight optical fiber extending parallel to a longitudinal axis of the towed streamer cable along the cable length; and
at least one helically wrapped optical fiber extending along the cable length and having a first predetermined wrap angle; and
light transmitting and receiving means optically connected to said at least one straight optical fiber and the least one helically wrapped optical fiber for, respectively, transmitting optical signals into each of the at least one straight and at least one helically wrapped optical fibers and receiving a backscattered component of said signals out of the at least one straight and at least one helically wrapped optical fibers.

US Pat. No. 10,139,268

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MULTIPLE-CODE CONTINUOUS-WAVE DISTRIBUTED ACOUSTIC SENSING

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A system for monitoring regions of interest for occurrences that generate acoustic perturbations, comprising:a. an optical fiber span positioned into a region of interest;
b. a light source for generating a continuous optical signal of a specified frequency;
c. a frequency modulator for providing a number of shifted frequencies to produce multiple optical signals from the continuous optical signal, each having a unique frequency;
d. a binary code sequence generator driven by a master clock for generating multiple pseudorandom binary codes, wherein the multiple pseudorandom binary codes are selected to minimize cross-correlation between the multiple pseudorandom binary codes;
e. multiple optical modulators having first and second ports for receiving the continuous optical signal from the light source and the multiple pseudorandom binary codes from the binary code sequence generator to produce multiple modulated light signals; and
f. an optical circulator/coupler to combine the multiple modulated light signals from the multiple optical modulators and pass the combined multiple modulated light signals into the optical fiber span positioned into the region of interest, and to receive returned backscattered Rayleigh signals from the optical fiber span positioned in to the region of interest, wherein the returned backscattered Rayleigh signals are directed to a detector system by the optical circulator/coupler;
g. wherein the detector system comprises:
i. a series of demodulators, each of which corresponds to one of the multiple optical modulators for transforming the optical signal from each corresponding optical modulator into an electronic signal and extracting phase information;
ii. a phase differencer, for receiving the electronic signals from the series of demodulators so that the phase information sensed by each code from each region can be combined to obtain pressure signals corresponding to pressure impinging on a determined length of the optical fiber span; and
iii. a processor to detect coherent Rayleigh noise generated by the optical fiber span positioned in the region of interest to identify acoustic perturbations in the region of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,139,267

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR STORAGE AND ANALYSIS OF PERIODIC WAVEFORM DATA

General Electric Company,...

1. A method, comprising:collecting a collected data for a time from sensors to a fixed monitoring system, wherein the fixed monitoring system is fixedly mechanically coupled to a turbomachinery at a turbomachinery site and the sensors are configured to monitor the turbomachinery, wherein the time comprises at least one week;
coupling a portable machinery monitor located at the turbomachinery site to the turbomachinery via a second sensor to receive a live sensor data related to a turbomachinery condition;
coupling one or more communications ports of the portable machinery monitor located at the turbomachinery site to one or more second communications ports of the fixed monitoring system as part of a schedule corresponding to the time and retrieving the collected data from the fixed monitoring system in conjunction with the schedule upon conclusion of the time via the portable machinery monitor when the portable machinery monitor is coupled to the fixed monitoring system at the turbomachinery site; and
analyzing the collected data and the live sensor data at the turbomachinery site to determine one or more turbomachinery conditions via the portable machinery monitor while the portable machinery is coupled to the turbomachinery.

US Pat. No. 10,139,264

ELASTICALLY DEFORMABLE LOAD BEARING STRUCTURE COMPRISING A MEASURING ASSEMBLY FOR THE LOAD

DIGI SENS AG, Murten (CH...

1. An elastically deformable load bearing structure comprising:a measuring arrangement for measuring a magnitude of a load acting on the load bearing structure in a loadable section;
a mechanical transmission element that extends from the loadable section to a measurement section of the load bearing structure and cooperates operatively with a sensor which is arranged in the measurement section; and
wherein the mechanical transmission element is constructed as a pivotable rocker supported by a rocker bearing positioned inside a length of the transmission element.

US Pat. No. 10,139,262

METHOD FOR AIR-COUPLED WATER LEVEL METER SYSTEM

1. A method for determining a depth to a water table level of ground water below a ground surface, comprising:disposing a tube within a borehole and in fluid communication with the ground water;
extending the tube to the ground surface;
allowing ground water to fill the tube to a first water level corresponding to the water table level;
sealing an upper end of the tube to define an initial volume within the tube between the sealed upper end of the tube and the first water level in the tube;
injecting a measured quantity of gas into the initial volume;
measuring a pressure change in the initial volume due to the injecting of the measured quantity of gas;
calculating the initial volume using the measured pressure change in the initial volume and from a cross sectional area of an interior of the tube; and
using the calculated initial volume to calculate the depth to the water table.

US Pat. No. 10,139,261

THROUGH WALL INSTALLATION OF SENSORS IN FUEL TANKS

Parker-Hannifin Corporati...

1. A sensor assembly for installation within an opening in a wall separating an interior cavity from an exterior, the sensor assembly comprising:a housing including an interior space, the housing configured to be received within the opening in the wall such that at least one housing aperture in a wall of the housing communicates with the interior cavity, wherein the housing aperture is configured such that:
a flow path through the housing aperture between the interior cavity and the housing interior space is blocked when a cartridge is not positioned within the housing interior space; and
the flow path through the housing aperture between the interior cavity and the housing interior space is established when the cartridge is positioned in a flow position within the housing interior space;
the cartridge configured to be received within the housing and including:
a sensor supported within a central recess of the cartridge and disposed within the housing interior space when the cartridge is positioned within the housing interior space; and
at least one cartridge aperture positioned such that a flow path through the cartridge aperture is established between the housing interior space and the sensor when the cartridge is positioned within the housing interior space;
a base retaining device configured to retain the cartridge within the housing; and
a stator disposed within the housing and rotatable between a closed position and an open position, the stator including:
a central cavity; and
a stator aperture through a sidewall of the stator, the stator aperture located such that:
in the open position, the stator aperture is in alignment with the housing aperture such that a flow path is established between the interior cavity and the stator central cavity; and
in the closed position, the stator aperture is out of alignment with the housing aperture such that the flow path between the interior cavity and the stator central cavity through the stator aperture and the housing aperture is blocked;
wherein the stator central cavity is configured to receive the cartridge; and
wherein the at least one cartridge aperture is positioned to be aligned with the stator aperture such that a flow path is established through the stator aperture between the housing interior space and the sensor located within the cartridge central recess;
wherein the base retaining device comprises:
a split ring including a split;
a bayonet pin located along an exterior surface of the cartridge; and
a slot positioned on an interior surface of the stator and configured to receive the bayonet pin, the geometry of the slot configured to allow the cartridge to rotate through a predetermined angle within the stator, such that:
in the flow position, the cartridge is retained within the housing; and
in a removal position, the bayonet pin aligns with an opening in the slot and the split in the split ring, allowing the cartridge to be removed from the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,139,260

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING PIPETTING OPERATIONS

1. A method for validating pipetting operations carried out with a pipetting device, said pipetting device comprising:a suction and dispensing tip designed to be submerged in a liquid reservoir to collect a certain quantity of that liquid, an inlet designed to be connected to a pressure or vacuum source,
an electronic circuit controlling the pipetting operation, and a system capable of measuring a value representing the flow rate of the liquid suctioned or dispensed during the pipetting operation,
wherein the method is based on the detection of flow rate variations and the moment at which these variations occur during pipetting operations, and comprises the following steps of:
acquiring flow rate values in time during pipetting operations by means of a flow rate sensor in the system and connected to the electronic circuit;
storing said flow rate values in a memory;
obtaining, after pipetting operations, from said flow rate values stored in said memory a curve representing the flow rate as a function of time of the liquid suctioned or dispensed by the pipette;
calculating the first derivative of said curve;
identifying the maximum and minimum values of said first derivative and the moments at which the maximum and minimum values occur;
detecting a pipetting error relating to dispensing or suctioning air or liquid by comparing the maximum and minimum values of the first derivative and the moment at which the maximum and minimum values occur with predetermined references for said values and for the moment at which they occur;
and providing an error message and stopping the pipetting device to prevent a pipetting operation problem based on the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,139,259

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR METERING GAS BASED ON AMPLITUDE AND/OR TEMPORAL CHARACTERISTICS OF AN ELECTRICAL SIGNAL

General Electric Company,...

1. A system for metering a fluid stream, said system comprising:a primary conduit;
a secondary conduit in fluid communication with said primary conduit and configured to receive a portion of a fluid stream passing through said primary conduit;
a flow manager disposed in said primary conduit and configured to maintain a predetermined relationship between at least one first physical characteristic of the fluid stream and at least one second physical characteristic of the portion of the fluid stream;
a sensor configured to generate an electrical signal in response to a flow characteristic of the portion of the fluid stream; and
a processor communicatively coupled to said sensor and configured to determine a flow parameter of the fluid stream based, at least in part, on the predetermined relationship between the at least one first physical characteristic of the fluid stream and the at least one second physical characteristic of the portion of the fluid stream, and at least one of an amplitude characteristic of the electrical signal and a temporal characteristic of the electrical signal, wherein said processor determines the flow parameter of the fluid stream based on the amplitude characteristic when the portion of the fluid stream is in a first flow regime and based on the temporal characteristic when the portion of the fluid stream is in a second flow regime.

US Pat. No. 10,139,258

FLUID FLOW METER WITH NORMALIZED OUTPUT

Ecolab USA Inc., St. Pau...

1. A fluid flow meter, comprising;a flow chamber;
a first gear intermeshing with a second gear, the first gear and the second gear being positioned within the flow chamber, the intermeshing of the first gear and the second gear permitting synchronous rotation of the first gear and the second gear in response to flow of a fluid through the flow chamber;
a flow sensor configured to generate a detection signal in response to the passage of fluid through the flow chamber and/or synchronous rotation of the first gear and the second gear; and
a controller having an input pulse generator and a normalized output pulse generator, the controller being configured to
receive detection signal from the flow sensor,
cause the input pulse generator to generate input pulses when detection signal is received from the flow sensor,
increment a volume counter by an amount equal to a volume per input pulse each time an input pulse is generated,
transition the normalized output pulse generator from a state where the normalized output pulse generator does not generate output pulses to a state where the normalized output pulse generator starts generating a normalized output pulse when the volume counter exceeds a first reference volume, and
transition the normalized output pulse generator from a state where the normalized output pulse generator generates a normalized output pulse back to a state where the normalized output pulse generator stops generating the normalized output pulse.

US Pat. No. 10,139,257

MULTIPHASE METER CALIBRATION SYSTEM AND METHODS THEREOF

King Fahd University of P...

1. A closed loop system for calibration of a multiphase meter, comprising:a separation vessel, comprising a first compartment for containing water and a second compartment for containing oil;
a first junction located downstream of the separation vessel having a first input, a second input and an output;
a water pipeline configured to receive water from the first compartment and deliver it to the first input of the first junction;
an oil pipeline configured to receive oil from the second compartment and deliver it to the second input of the first junction;
a multiphase meter section comprising the multiphase meter to be calibrated located downstream of the output of the first junction;
a second junction located downstream of the multiphase meter section having an input configured to receive water, oil or both from the multiphase meter section, and having a first output, and a second output;
a single phase calibration unit located downstream of the second junction and upstream of the separation vessel;
a single phase pipeline located downstream of the second junction configured to receive water or oil from the first output of the second junction and deliver it to the separation vessel through the single phase calibration unit;
a multiphase collecting pipeline located downstream of the second junction configured to receive water, oil or both from the second output of the second junction and deliver it to the separation vessel without passing through the single phase calibration unit;
wherein the separation vessel, the first junction, the multiphase meter section, the second junction and the single phase calibration unit are fluidly connected;
wherein the water pipeline and oil pipeline are connected in parallel between the separation vessel and the first junction; and
wherein the single phase pipeline and the multiphase collecting pipeline are connected in parallel to the second junction.

US Pat. No. 10,139,256

MEMS FLOW SENSOR

ACEINNA, INC., Andover, ...

1. A MEMS flow sensor comprising:a body having a first semiconductor substrate and a second substrate bonded together;
a micro flow channel etched in the body and having an etched inlet opening at a first face of the body and an etched outlet opening at an opposite face of the body, the micro flow channel extending through the body from the etched inlet opening at the first face to the etched outlet opening at the opposite face;
a film heater integral with the body and associated with the flow channel to heat fluid flowing through the flow channel;
at least one film temperature sensor integral with the body and associated with the flow channel in a position spaced along the flow channel from the film heater, the at least one film temperature sensor operative to sense a temperature of fluid flowing through the flow channel,
wherein the film heater forms a first heater loop portion on the first semiconductor substrate and a second heater loop portion on the second substrate, and wherein the first heater loop portion and the second heater loop portion form a complete heater coil around an inside portion of the flow channel;
wherein the at least one film temperature sensor forms a first sensor loop portion on the first semiconductor substrate and a second sensor loop portion on the second substrate, and wherein the first sensor loop portion and the second sensor loop portion form a complete sensor coil around another inside portion of the flow channel; and
electronic circuitry integrated in the body and electrically connected to the film heater and the at least one film temperature sensor and operative to provide a signal representative of a rate of flow of a fluid flowing through the flow channel based at least in part on the temperature of fluid flowing through the flow channel sensed by the at least one film temperature sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,139,252

OPTICAL SENSOR

NSK LTD., Tokyo (JP)

1. An optical sensor comprising:a light-emitting element that emits light;
four light-receiving elements that are provided at positions facing the light-emitting element and receive the light; and
a substrate at which the light-emitting element and the light-receiving elements are provided, wherein
the substrate includes a first portion at which the light-emitting element is provided and a second portion at which the light-receiving elements are provided, the first portion and the second portion being integrated,
the four light-receiving elements are respectively arranged at different positions on a predetermined plane,
respective distances from the four light-receiving elements to one point on the predetermined plane are equal,
four line segments that connect the one point and centers of respective light-receiving regions of the four light-receiving elements form right angles with each other, and
a normal line of the predetermined plane that passes through the one point passes through an emission point of the light of the light-emitting element or a center of an emission surface of the light of the light-emitting element.

US Pat. No. 10,139,250

OPTICAL ENCODER BASED ON LIGHT-STEERING BASED CONTRAST GENERATION FROM A FIRST PLURALITY OF PRIMARY CONVEX MIRROR SECTIONS AND A SECOND PLURALITY OF SECONDARY MIRROR SECTIONS

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An apparatus comprising:an light source configured to transmit light toward a rotatable optical encoder;
the rotatable optical encoder having a first surface, where the first surface comprises a specularly reflective material, and a surface shape of the first surface is configured to generate a modulated pattern of brightness in light from the light source specularly reflected by the first surface, the first surface comprising:
a first plurality of primary convex mirror sections configured to reflect incident light toward bright portions of the modulated pattern of brightness and away from dark portions of the modulated pattern of brightness; and
a second plurality of secondary mirror sections having a second surface shape different from the plurality of convex mirror sections wherein light reflected from the secondary mirror sections overlaps with light reflected from the primary convex mirror sections.

US Pat. No. 10,139,249

METROLOGY SYSTEM AND STAGE CONTROL DEVICE USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A metrology system, comprising:a timing estimator to receive a control signal transmitted at a first timing of a first control loop and to estimate a second timing at which the control signal is transmitted in a second control loop subsequent to the first control loop;
a sensor to sense position information of a wafer; and
a position estimator to estimate the position information of the wafer at the estimated second timing based on the sensed position information of the wafer and to output the estimated position information of the wafer based on a position request signal.

US Pat. No. 10,139,248

POSITION SENSING APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A position sensing apparatus for sensing a position of a sensing subject, which is rotatable about a rotational axis relative to a reference member, the position sensing apparatus comprising:a first magnetic flux conducting member that extends in a rotational direction of the sensing subject;
a second magnetic flux conducting member that is placed on an inner side of the first magnetic flux conducting member in a radial direction of the sensing subject and extends in the rotational direction in parallel with the first magnetic flux conducting member, wherein the first magnetic flux conducting member and the second magnetic flux conducting member are installed to one of the reference member and the sensing subject;
a first magnet that is placed between one end portion of the first magnetic flux conducting member and one end portion of the second magnetic flux conducting member;
a second magnet that is placed between another end portion of the first magnetic flux conducting member, which is opposite from the one end portion of the first magnetic flux conducting member in the rotational direction, and another end portion of the second magnetic flux conducting member, which is opposite from the one end portion of the second magnetic flux conducting member in the rotational direction, wherein one of the first magnet and the second magnet has a south pole located on a radially inner side and a north pole located on a radially outer side, and the other one of the first magnet and the second magnet has a south pole located on the radially outer side and a north pole located on the radially inner side; and
a magnetic flux density sensing device that is placed in a gap between the first magnetic flux conducting member and the second magnetic flux conducting member and is installed to the other one of the reference member and the sensing subject, wherein:
the magnetic flux density sensing device outputs an output signal, which corresponds to a density of the magnetic flux that passes through the magnetic flux density sensing device;
the first magnetic flux conducting member and the second magnetic flux conducting member are opposed to each other in a predetermined direction that is defined as an opposing direction;
the first magnetic flux conducting member has a first intermediate portion that is located between the one end portion and the other end portion of the first magnetic flux conducting member;
when the first magnetic flux conducting member is viewed in the opposing direction, a width of the first intermediate portion, which is measured in a direction parallel to the rotational axis, is smaller than a width of the one end portion and a width of the other end portion of the first magnetic flux conducting member, which are measured in the direction parallel to the rotational axis;
the width of the first intermediate portion is constant along an entire extent of the first intermediate portion in the rotational direction;
the second magnetic flux conducting member has a second intermediate portion that is located between the one end portion and the other end portion of the second magnetic flux conducting member;
when the second magnetic flux conducting member is viewed in the opposing direction, a width of the second intermediate portion, which is measured in the direction parallel to the rotational axis, is smaller than a width of the one end portion and a width of the other end portion of the second magnetic flux conducting member, which are measured in the direction parallel to the rotational axis; and
the width of the second intermediate portion is constant along an entire extent of the second intermediate portion in the rotational direction;
an inner circumferential end of the one end portion of the first magnetic flux conducting member and an inner circumferential end of the one end portion of the second magnetic flux conducting member are inwardly spaced from the first magnet in a circumferential direction of the sensing subject; and
an inner circumferential end of the other end portion of the first magnetic flux conducting member and an inner circumferential end of the other end portion of the second magnetic flux conducting member are inwardly spaced from the second magnet in the circumferential direction.

US Pat. No. 10,139,247

POSITION DETECTING DEVICE

SMC CORPORATION, Chiyoda...

1. A position detecting device comprising:a number n of magnetic detectors, each having a magnetic sensor element configured to detect magnetism from a magnet mounted on a moving body and output an analog detection signal responsive to the magnetism, and a first analog to digital (AD) converter configured to perform AD conversion of the analog detection signal into a digital detection signal and output the digital detection signal, the n magnetic detectors being disposed at regular intervals along a movement direction of the moving body;
a digital to analog (DA) converter configured to receive, as an n-bit digital signal, the digital detection signals output respectively from the n magnetic detectors, perform DA conversion on the n-bit digital signal, and output a DA converted analog output signal;
a position detecting unit configured to detect a position of the moving body based on the analog output signal input thereto from the DA converter; and
a signal line configured to connect the n magnetic detectors and the position detecting unit;
wherein the position detecting unit specifies a plurality of magnetic detectors that lie within a predetermined range with respect to the detected position of the moving body, wherein the plurality of magnetic detectors that lie within a predetermined range with respect to the detected position of the moving body is fewer than n, reads out values of a plurality of analog detection signals from the specified plurality of magnetic detectors through the signal line, and identifies a detailed position of the moving body based on the values of the plurality of analog detection signals that were read out.

US Pat. No. 10,139,246

ENHANCED VERTICAL PATH (VPATH) INHIBIT LOGIC FOR VERTICAL SITUATION DISPLAY (VSD)

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

9. A method for enhancing situational awareness via vertical path (VPATH) display, the method comprising:determining, via a flight management system (FMS) of an aircraft, a desired vertical trajectory of an aircraft, the desired vertical trajectory including at least one desired vertical path (VPATH);
displaying, via a vertical situation display (VSD) of the aircraft, one or more of the at least one desired VPATH, a vertical containment region, and a nominal status associated with the at least one desired VPATH, the vertical containment region associated with a predetermined range proximate to the at least one desired VPATH;
receiving, via the FMS, vertical distance information of the aircraft from at least one vertical distance source;
determining, via the FMS, at least one of a current trajectory of the aircraft and a vertical position of the aircraft based on the vertical distance information;
displaying, via the VSD, the vertical position;
determining, via the FMS, at least one of a recoverable deviation and an unrecoverable deviation of the current trajectory relative to the at least one desired VPATH, based on at least one of the current trajectory and the vertical position;
in response to the at least one recoverable deviation:
determining, via the FMS, at least one of a first recovery VPATH, a first recovery speed, and a recoverable status; and
displaying, via the VSD, at least one of the current trajectory, the first recovery trajectory, the first recovery speed, and the recoverable status; and
in response to the at least one unrecoverable deviation:
determining, via the FMS, at least one of a second recovery trajectory, a second recovery speed, and an unrecoverable status;
and
displaying, via the VSD, at least one of the current trajectory, the second recovery trajectory, the second recovery speed, and the unrecoverable status.

US Pat. No. 10,139,245

DEVICE FOR PROVIDING ELECTRIC-MOVING-BODY INFORMATION AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING ELECTRIC-MOVING-BODY INFORMATION

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. A route searching terminal device configured to:request an electric vehicle (EV) management server for information relating to whether or not a vehicle is able to reach a destination from a departure point based on a remaining state of charge (SOC) of said vehicle, and
receive a display data from said EV management server, wherein said display data includes an information of locations which are reachable by said vehicle departing from said destination, after traveling from said departure point to said destination in response to a determination by said EV management server that said vehicle is able to reach said destination; and
display, in response to the determination by the EV management server that said vehicle is able to reach said destination, said locations and routes to said locations from said destination based on said display data.

US Pat. No. 10,139,243

HIGH LEVEL INSTRUCTION FOR NAVIGATIONAL ROUTING SYSTEMS

1. A navigation system comprising:a display operable to display visual information;
a user input module in operative communication with the display, the user input module being configured to receive a request from a user for route guidance from a location to a destination and to enable a user to select at least one user preference, the user input module being configured to enable user selection of a show personal points of interest option as the at least one user preference;
a personalized point of interest module in operative communication with the user input module and including information relating to one or more personalized points of interest;
a route guidance module in operative communication with the personalized point of interest module and the user input module, the route guidance module being configured to determine one or more route options between the location and the destination,
wherein the navigation system is configured to, responsive to selection by a user of the show personal points of interest option, and for at least one route option determined between the location and the destination, display as a route option for selection by a user an alternative route option including a personalized point of interest as a waypoint between the location and the destination, when a time required to travel between the location and the destination using the alternative route option does not exceed a time required to travel between the location and the destination using the at least one route option by more than a predetermined percentage of an estimated shortest time required to travel between the location and the destination as determined in the navigation system.

US Pat. No. 10,139,241

INFORMATION PROVISION SYSTEM, INFORMATION PROVISION METHOD, AND MANAGEMENT DEVICE

YAMAHA CORPORATION, Hama...

1. An information provision system that emits a guidance voice, the information provision system comprising:at least one memory storing instructions; and
at least one processor configured to implement the stored instructions to execute a plurality of tasks, including:
a supplying task that supplies a sound signal containing a sound component of the guidance voice and a sound component of identification information of a content associated with the guidance voice;
an extracting task that extracts the identification information from the sound signal;
a generating task that generates provision instruction information to provide the content associated with each emission of the guidance voice; and
a transmitting task that causes distribution information for reproducing the content according to the provision instruction information to be transmitted to a mobile terminal, which is registered as a target of provision of the content associated with the guidance voice.

US Pat. No. 10,139,240

NAVIGATION DEVICE PROVIDING PATH INFORMATION AND METHOD OF NAVIGATION

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A navigation device for a vehicle, comprising:a communication module for communicating with a user terminal;
a display; and
a processor for setting a navigation destination, searching a first path toward the navigation destination, receiving, from the user terminal through the communication module, second path information corresponding to a second path toward the navigation destination, and displaying first path information and the second path information on the display depending on a predetermined display mode,
wherein the processor displays the first path information on the basis of position information received through the communication module, and requests the user terminal to transmit the position information when the position information is not received for a predetermined time and displays the first path information on the basis of the position information received from the user terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,139,239

LOW LATENCY METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SENDING CLOUD DATA TO A VEHICLE

Volvo Car Corporation, G...

1. A method for selecting a subset of cloud stored data related to locations within a road network and sending the selected subset of data to a vehicle which is connected to the cloud via a communication arrangement and operates within the road network, the method comprising:determining, via a cloud logic comprising a processor and associated memory, a current position and direction of the vehicle within the road network based on a vehicle position reported by the vehicle in at least one wireless signal received via the communication arrangement;
determining, via the cloud logic, a respective inverse most probable path up to each respective location related to a respective subset of data as a respective set of possible paths in the road network leading up to a respective location related to a respective subset of data, and checking if the current position and direction of the vehicle within the road network are included in an inverse most probable path related to any subset of data, and if the current position and direction of the vehicle within the road network are included in an inverse most probable path related to a subset of data, then selecting that subset of data; and
sending the selected subset of data to the vehicle in at least one wireless signal via the communication arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,139,238

SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND APPARATUS RELATED TO GUIDANCE AND ALIGNMENT FOR AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND CHARGING STATION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A device for guiding an electric vehicle, comprising:a sensor circuit configured to determine a location of a charging spot associated with a charging base in relation to a charging coupler of the electric vehicle; and
a processor configured to:
display a virtual indicator of the location of the charging spot in a display of a graphical user interface in a virtual three dimensional perspective view of a virtual environment as observed from a first reference point located within the electric vehicle above the charging coupler such that a second reference point on a ground surface of the virtual environment and on a longitudinal axis of the electric vehicle is mapped onto a point in the display, the second reference point representing a point at a distance from a third reference point that is a projection of a center of the charging spot onto the longitudinal axis;
adjust, as the electric vehicle moves, the virtual three dimensional perspective view such that the mapped second reference point is maintained in the display; and
transition to displaying the virtual indicator of the location of the charging spot in a virtual two dimensional top-down view based on determining that an angle between a line running through the first and second reference points and a plane parallel to the ground surface satisfies an angle threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,139,237

METHOD FOR REMOTELY IDENTIFYING ONE OF A PASSENGER AND AN ASSIGNED VEHICLE TO THE OTHER

1. A method of identification applicable when vehicles are to meet users, the method comprising the steps of:determining a first code with a management system for a first meeting between a first vehicle and a first user at a meeting location during an interval, the first code being unique at said meeting location during the interval;
indicating the first code with the management system to a vehicle device aboard the first vehicle and user device with the first user;
emitting, while at said meeting location during the interval, by the vehicle device aboard the first vehicle, a first light signal, wherein the first light signal is based on the first code while at the meeting location, whereby the first light signal is unique at said meeting location during the interval;
detecting the first light signal by the user device, the user device having a first camera to detect the first light signal and distinguish, based on the first code, the vehicle device within a view of the first camera:
returning a first location of the the vehicle device within said view of the first camera with the user device;
wherein the first device and the second device having communication with the management system.

US Pat. No. 10,139,236

ROUTE GENERATION PROGRAM, ROUTE GENERATION METHOD AND ROUTE GENERATION APPARATUS

CYBERWALKER INC., Kasuga...

1. A route generation method in which a computer executes:generating cells, by a CPU of the computer, based on data about a floor plan, stored in a storage of the computer, that includes information indicating a type of a constituent element of a house and setting, by the CPU, the information indicating the type of the constituent element in each of the cells, the cells being formed by separating a plane in a grid pattern having a predetermined size;
reading, by the CPU, the information indicating the type of the constituent element set in the cell stored in the storage, specifying, by the CPU, an outer edge of a passable region based on whether the constituent element is passable determined in advance in association with the type of the constituent element, and generating, by the CPU, data about a pathway in which the passable region is thinned, by extracting cells that are at long distances from the outer edge of the passable region compared to the peripheral cells;
generating, by the CPU, a graph based on the data about the pathway, the graph including nodes indicating an endpoint or an intersection point on the pathway and an edge connecting the nodes;
setting, by the CPU, a starting point and an ending point, based on an input from a user, and searching a path from the starting point to the ending point, using the graph; and
generating, by the CPU, a walk-through simulator that displays, from the viewpoint of the user, a walk-through in a three-dimensional model of the floor plan via a sight line direction of a camera pointing in the direction of the path from the starting point to the ending point.

US Pat. No. 10,139,233

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR COMPENSATING FOR SOFT IRON MAGNETIC DISTURBANCES IN MULTIPLE HEADING REFERENCE SYSTEMS

1. A system for compensating for soft iron magnetic disturbances in a heading reference system of a vehicle, the system comprising:a first magnetometer;
a second magnetometer located at a different location on the vehicle from the first magnetometer;
a first heading gyro coupled to the first magnetometer;
a second heading gyro coupled to the second magnetometer; and
a processor configured to:
receive magnetometer data from the first magnetometer;
receive magnetometer data from the second magnetometer;
determine whether one of the first or second magnetometers is potentially soft iron disturbed using the magnetometer data received from the first and second magnetometers and a magnetometer error threshold; and
in response to determining that one of the first or second magnetometers is potentially soft iron disturbed, determine which of the first or second magnetometers is potentially soft iron disturbed using the first and second heading gyros, a first threshold based on an expected drift of the first heading gyro, and a second threshold based on an expected drift of the second heading gyro.

US Pat. No. 10,139,232

HEADING ESTIMATION FOR DETERMINING A USER'S LOCATION

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A mobile computing device for determining a user's location, the mobile computing device comprising:a Kalman filter module to determine a heading of a user of the mobile computing device based on a determined directional heading of the mobile computing device and a variation of an orientation of the mobile computing device; and
a location determination module to determine an estimated location of the user based on the determined heading of the user, an estimated step length of the user, and a previous location of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,139,230

METHOD AND CIRCUIT FOR THE TIME-CONTINUOUS DETECTION OF THE POSITION OF THE SENSOR MASS WITH SIMULTANEOUS FEEDBACK FOR CAPACITIVE SENSORS

Albert-Ludwigs-Universita...

1. Detection circuit for reading out at least one position signal of a micromechanical capacitive sensor with at least one oscillating element that can be excited so as to move in an oscillating manner,wherein a first input connection of the detection circuit (100) during operation is connected to at least one output connection of the capacitive sensor (106) and one output connection of the detection circuit (100) during operation is connected with a loop filter of a control loop (102), whereby the control loop feeds back a feedback voltage depending on an output voltage of the control loop (102) to a second input connection of the detection circuit (100), so that a feedback force is applied to the capacitive sensor (106),
wherein the detection circuit (100) at least comprises a further feedback branch (Rfb, Cfb) and the output voltage of the control loop (102) is modulated onto an input common mode of the detection circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,225

METHOD OF OBTAINING GEOGRAPHICALLY RELATED IMAGES USING A VEHICLE

iLOOKAbout Inc., London ...

1. A method of obtaining digital images related to geographic locations, the method comprising:providing a moving vehicle having thereon a computer having a computer clock interconnected with a GPS transceiver and distance measurement structure configured to measure a distance traveled by the vehicle from a first geographic position, the computer operatively interconnected with a digital camera having a camera clock mounted on the vehicle;
receiving into the computer the first geographic position from the GPS transceiver;
receiving into the computer a measurement of the distance traveled by the vehicle relative to the first geographic position from the distance measurement structure;
selecting a pre-determined distance based on a distance between a subject of a photo to be acquired and the camera;
determining when the pre-determined distance has been traveled by the vehicle based on the measurement of distance;
generating a photo request using the computer on the vehicle for the digital camera on the vehicle at the pre-determined distance, the photo request having an associated photo request time comprising a computer time value obtained from the computer clock, the photo request resulting in a shutter release by the digital camera;
taking a digital photo using the camera on the vehicle based on the shutter release, the digital photo having an associated photo time comprising a camera time value obtained from the camera clock;
repeating the steps of receiving into the computer the measurement of distance traveled by the vehicle, determining when the pre-determined distance has been traveled, generating a photo request using the computer resulting in a shutter release by the digital camera and taking a digital photo using the camera on the vehicle based on the shutter release;
receiving into the computer a second geographic position from the GPS transceiver;
storing the photos, associated photo times, photo requests, associated photo request times, first and second geographic positions and distance measurements;
conducting a processing step comprising:
associating each photo with the photo request used to generate that photo by comparing camera time values of a plurality of photos with computer time values of a plurality of photo requests;
determining a computer time value associated with each photo based on the computer time value of the photo request; and,
obtaining a location of each photo based on the computer time value of the photo.

US Pat. No. 10,139,223

OPTICAL DISTANCE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

PIXART IMAGING INC., Hsi...

1. An optical distance measurement system comprising:a lens;
a sensing element configured to sense light penetrating the lens and output an image frame, and comprising a plurality of sensing pixel areas arranged in a matrix, wherein each of the sensing pixel areas comprising:
a first pixel;
a second pixel adjacent to the first pixel in a predetermined direction;
a first shielding layer disposed upon the first pixel and having a first opening, wherein an aperture of the first opening increases along the predetermined direction from a center of the first pixel;
a second shielding layer disposed upon the second pixel and having a second opening, wherein a shape of the second opening is mirror symmetrical to that of the first opening along the predetermined direction; and
at least one micro lens disposed between the lens and the first shielding layer as well as the second shielding layer; and
a processing unit configured to
generate, according to the image frame, a first subframe corresponding to the first pixels and a second subframe corresponding to the second pixels, and
calculate at least one object distance according to the first subframe and the second subframe.

US Pat. No. 10,139,222

METHOD FOR THE ULTRASONIC MEASUREMENT OF A WALL THICKNESS IN HOLLOW VALVES

Mahle International GmbH,...

1. A method for measuring a wall thickness in hollow valves with and without a hollow valve head, comprising at least one of:determining a wall thickness in a region of a valve stem simultaneously using two or four ultrasonic sensors, wherein the ultrasonic sensors are oriented with respect to a surface on the valve stem in such a manner that an emitted ultrasound is introduced into the surface in a perpendicular manner; and
determining a wall thickness in a region of a chamfer using at least one of the ultrasonic sensors, wherein the at least one of the ultrasonic sensors is positioned at a location on the chamfer at which an inner tangent in a cavity runs parallel to an outer tangent on the chamfer, and wherein the at least one of the ultrasonic sensors is oriented at an acute angle relative to a plate plane surface of a valve base, and oriented with respect to the tangents in such a manner that an emitted ultrasound is introduced into a surface of the chamfer in a perpendicular manner.

US Pat. No. 10,139,219

OPTICAL DISTANCE MEASURING APPARATUS

ASTRODESIGN, INC., Tokyo...

1. An optical distance measuring apparatus, comprising:a light source irradiating a coherent irradiation light;
a scanning element scanning the irradiation light from the light source and sending it to an object under measurement;
two photo detectors existing with a boundary line in a direction perpendicular to an optical axis direction of the irradiation light interposed therebetween, each receiving the irradiation light modulated by being passed through the object under measurement in accordance with the scanning, and performing photoelectric conversion on the irradiation light; and
a measuring device obtaining phase information of the object under measurement based on signals each photoelectrically converted by each of the two photo detectors and a signal to be a reference for the scanning by the scanning element, and obtaining a measurement value regarding the object under measurement based on the phase information, wherein
the measuring device, including a signal comparator and a data processor, extracts a direct-current component and an alternating-current component from the signal photoelectrically converted by each of the photo detectors, calculates, based on a differential signal of the obtained alternating-current component or a signal as a result of performing Hilbert transform on the obtained alternating-current component, a main frequency component of the modulated signal, and compares this frequency with a spatial frequency which the object under measurement has in order to determine the measurement value of the object under measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,139,212

COMBINATION TAPE MEASURE AND MARKER

1. A tape measure in combination with a marker, comprising:a measuring tape housing having a lateral portion, a lower portion, and a front portion;
a track affixed to the lateral position;
an arm slidably disposed within the track;
a tension member having an arcuate shape, wherein the tension member is configured to slide the arm towards the lower portion when depressed;
a cartridge integrally attached to the lateral portion of the measuring tape housing, wherein the arm extends through the cartridge;
a spring housed within the cartridge;
a marker removably secured within the cartridge, wherein the marker is operationally attached to the arm;
wherein the marker is movable separately and independently from the measuring tape housing by selectively depressing the tension member.

US Pat. No. 10,139,207

PROJECTILE HAVING INCREASED VELOCITY AND AERODYNAMIC PERFORMANCE

1. A projectile, and a barrel through which said projectile is fired by pressurized gas developed separately and independently from said projectile, said projectile comprising:a generally cylindrical body,
a chamber at a rear of said generally cylindrical body, said chamber having an open rear at said rear of said generally cylindrical body, said chamber defined by a first circumferential wall coincident with an outer diameter of said generally cylindrical body,
a wall in said chamber opposite said open rear of said chamber, said wall perpendicular to a long axis of said generally cylindrical body and receiving force from said pressurized gas via said open rear of said chamber,
a member in said open rear of said chamber, said member having a circular region extending toward said first circumferential wall of said chamber, said circular region and said first circumfrential wall defining an annular opening between said first circumferential wall of said chamber and said circular region, said annular opening being around said rear of said generally cylindrical body,
said chamber communicating via said annular opening with said pressurized gas in said barrel,
a second chamber in a rear of said member, said second chamber having a second open rear at a rear of said member, with a second circumferential wall of said second chamber being sufficently strong so as to prevent distortion by said pressurized gas in said barrel, said second circumferential wall of said second chamber extending around a circumference of said member,
a second member in said second chamber, said second member having a second circular region extending toward said second circumferential wall of said second chamber, said second circumferential wall and said second circular region defining a second annular opening between said second circumferential wall of said second chamber and said second circular region of said second member, said second annular opening being around said second open rear of said member,
said second chamber communicating via said second annular opening with said pressurized gas in said barrel.

US Pat. No. 10,139,204

FUEL/AIR CONCUSSION APPARATUS AND METHOD

DMD SYSTEMS LLC, Los Ala...

1. A method of producing and using a concussion device comprising:providing a structure comprising a cavity, the cavity having a top opening, the cavity surrounded by sidewalls;
providing a first energetic charge disposed in a bottom portion of the cavity;
providing an elongated member having length, a width, and a thickness, with the length being greater than both the width and the thickness of the elongated member, the elongated member is provided removably secured to the structure sidewalls within the cavity, the elongated member spaced separated from and at least partially overlying the first energetic charge;
detonating the concussion device, wherein the concussion device is provided with the top opening communicating with the first energetic charge to produce a dispersed pattern of hot gases shaped by the elongated member including a V-shaped pattern exiting through the top opening upon detonation of the first energetic charge, the first energetic charge disposed below the elongated member;
wherein the structure and the elongated member are configured to structurally withstand the detonation.

US Pat. No. 10,139,203

REMOTELY RESETTABLE TARGET SYSTEM

1. A remotely resettable target system comprising:one or more non-resetting targets, a resetting target, and a frame;
wherein the remotely resettable target system is a set of practice targets for use when shooting a firearm;
wherein the one or more non-resetting targets and the resetting target start in a vertical position where they are visible from uprange;
wherein when struck by a fired round, the one or more non-resetting targets pivot to a horizontal position and disappear from sight;
wherein when struck by the fired round, the resetting target pivots to a non-vertical position and then returns to the vertical position;
wherein while in the non-vertical position, the resetting target releases the one or more non-resetting targets, causing the one or more non-resetting targets to pivot back to the vertical position;
wherein the one or more non-resetting targets comprises a pivot paddle, a target mount, and a locking hammer;
wherein the one or more non-resetting targets pivot to the horizontal position and lock into place when struck by the fired round;
wherein the one or more non-resetting targets remain in the horizontal position until the resetting target is struck by the fired round;
wherein the pivot paddle comprises a non-resetting target paddle and a pivot rod;
wherein the non-resetting target paddle is a metal plate that is coupled to the pivot rod such that the non-resetting target paddle extends both above and below the pivot rod;
wherein the portion, of the non-resetting target paddle that is located above the pivot rod is shaped and marked to form a target;
wherein the left and right ends of the pivot rod are rotationally coupled to a target support bracket such that the non-resetting target paddle pivots between the vertical position and the horizontal position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,196

MARKSMAN LAUNCHER SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

1. A modular controller located in an environment of an effector launching system that has external components located in the environment externally to the modular controller for executing an effector launching sequence, wherein the external components include any of an effector, a sensor, an effector launcher, a mounting platform, or a power source, the modular controller comprising:a core processor module that is configured to execute a plurality of different effector launching sequences using the external components; and
a plurality of converting modules that each have an electro-mechanical interface and is connectable between the core processor module and one of the external components, wherein the electro-mechanical interface includes both an adaptive mechanical interface and an electrical connection between the core processor module and a corresponding one of the external components,
wherein the plurality of converting modules are configured to send and receive data with the core processor module and the plurality of external components.

US Pat. No. 10,139,191

SHOOTING BOW WITH REDUCED LIMB TRAVEL

ARCHERY INNOVATORS, LLC, ...

1. A shooting bow comprising:a riser;
a first limb having one end attached to a first side of said riser;
a second limb having one end attached to a second side of said riser;
a first cam rotatably retained on said first limb with a first axle;
a second cam rotatably retained on said second limb with a second axle;
a first pulley is rotatably retained on said first axle;
a second pulley is rotatably retained on said second axle;
a cable having one end attached to a first cam, retained on said second pulley, retained on said first pulley and an opposing end attached to said second cam; and
a bowstring having a first end attached to said first cam, a second end of said bowstring is attached to said second cam.

US Pat. No. 10,139,188

INTERCHANGEABLE CROSSBOW COCKING SYSTEM

19. A crossbow cocking system comprising:a crossbow stock having a first side and a second side opposite the first side;
a through hole that has a perimeter and that extends through the stock from the first side of the stock to the second side of the stock;
a first adapter plate that (1) is adapted for selectable and operational engagement with the crossbow stock; (2) has a perimeter that is substantially congruent with the perimeter of the through hole; and, (3) is positioned within the through hole when installed to the crossbow stock; and,
a cocking device that: (1) engages with the first adapter plate; and (2) extends through the first adapter plate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,186

TRIGGER PULL FORCE GAUGE

Battenfield Technologies,...

1. A trigger gauge for measuring a pull force of a trigger of a weapon, the gauge comprising:a housing sized to be held by a hand of a user,
an arm supported by the housing, the arm having a proximal portion operatively connected to the housing and having a distal portion, and
a load cell located at the distal portion of the arm, the load cell including a trigger engagement head configured for engaging the trigger,
wherein the load cell is operable to generate an electrical signal responsive to a force on the trigger engagement head for measuring the pull force of the trigger.

US Pat. No. 10,139,185

CALIBER-SPECIFIC CLEANING KIT

Revo Brand Group, LLC, P...

1. A gun bore cleaning kit comprising:a hollow reel defining:
an interior region, and
an anchor site comprised of an anchor opening and an exit, wherein the anchor site further defines a main body configured to pass from the anchor opening to the exit;
a grip, structured and configured to approximately bisect the interior region, wherein the grip is positioned across from the anchor site;
a cover configured to move between a first position and a second position in relation to the reel;
a tether;
an anchor connected to the tether and configured to catch at the anchor site; and
a cleaning tool connected to the tether.

US Pat. No. 10,139,183

BIPOD

1. A bipod, comprising:a support frame unit comprising a bracket, a support fitting mounted at a top side of said bracket, and a mounting assembly adapted for securing a gun to said support fitting, said bracket comprising opposing left and right pivot holes and opposing left and right locating holes;
left and right outer tubes having respective top ends thereof respectively pivotally connected to said left and right pivot holes of said bracket of said support frame unit by a respective first pivot bolt and nut set and respective bottom ends thereof respectively mounted with a respective end cap;
left and right inner tubes respectively and axially slidably mounted in said left and right outer tubes and respectively rotatable through 360-degrees angle relative to said left and right outer tubes;
left and right guide blocks respectively affixed to respective top ends of said left and right inner tubes, said left and right guide blocks each comprising a top cone gradually reducing in diameter from a bottom side toward an opposing top side thereof and an axial through hole axially cut through said opposing top and bottom sides thereof;
left and right links respectively inserted into said left and right inner tubes;
left and right stop rings respectively fastened to said left and right links above a middle part thereof;
left and right compression springs respectively mounted around said left and right links within said left and right inner tubes and respectively stopped between said left and right stop rings and said left and right guide blocks;
left and right pressure handle holders respectively affixed to respective bottom ends of said left and right inner tubes by a respective first fastener and respectively defining therein a longitudinal through hole for the insertion of respective bottom ends of said left and right links respectively;
left and right pressure handles respectively pivotally connected to said left and right pressure handle holders by a respective second pivot member, said left and right pressure handles each comprising a guide surface respectively abutted against respective bottom ends of said left and right links for lifting said left and right links when said left and right pressure handles are respectively biased by an external force toward said left and right inner tubes and for allowing said left and right links to be respectively forced downwards by said left and right compression springs after the said external force is released from said left and right pressure handles;
left and right foot members respectively affixed to respective bottom sides of said left and right pressure handle holders by a respective second fastener;
left and right ball bearings respectively fastened to respective opposing top ends of said left and right links by respective positioning component sets for vertical movement with said left and right links, said left and right ball bearings each comprising a bearing block, which comprises a top axle hole of relatively smaller diameter, an opposing bottom axle hole of relatively larger diameter and an intermediate hole axially connected between said top axle hole and said bottom axle hole and a plurality of balls rotatably and radially movably mounted in said bearing block such that when said left and right ball bearings are moved upwards with said left and right links, respective inner sides of said balls are respectively disengaged from said top cones of said left and right guide blocks for allowing said left and right inner tubes to slide vertically relative to said left and right outer tubes; when said left and right ball bearings are moved downwards with said left and right links, said respective inner sides of said balls are respectively abutted against said top cones of said left and right guide blocks and respective outer sides of said balls are respectively abutted against respective inside walls of said left and right outer tubes; and
left and right torsion springs with respective one ends thereof respectively fastened to said left and right locating holes of said bracket of said support frame unit and respective opposite ends thereof respectively fastened to the said top ends of said left and right outer tubes.

US Pat. No. 10,139,182

FORCE DAMPING SHOOTING REST SYSTEM AND METHOD

Guajilla Hunting Products...

1. A system for shooting an armament, comprising:a connector;
a side to side windage device connected to the connector;
an up and down windage device connected to the side to side windage device;
a guide rail connected to the up and down windage device, the guide rail is pivotal side to side via the side to side windage device and is pivotal up and down via the up and down windage device;
a carriage slidably connected to the guide rail, the carriage is formed of a front block and a back block connected by a carriage rail, the front block and the back block slidably connect to the guide rail; and
a force resistive device connected to the front block of the carriage, the force resistive device is situated substantially parallel to the guide rail to absorb recoil along direction of the guide rail, the back block of the carriage is slidably connected to the force resistive device.

US Pat. No. 10,139,181

CARRIER BOLT ASSEMBLY

1. A carrier bolt assembly for a rifle comprising:a carrier, said carrier having an integrated gas key, said carrier having a carrier bolt, said carrier having a bore, said bore having a first end and a second end, said carrier having a void proximate the first end of said bore;
a conductive rod, said conductive rod having an outer layer, said conductive rod having an inner layer, said conductive rod being mounted in said bore of said carrier, said conductive rod having a first section, said first section being disposed in said bore of said carrier, said first section having a first end and a second end, said outer layer of said conductive rod being manufactured from an insulative material, said inner layer being disposed within said outer layer, said inner layer being configured to conduct an electric current; and
wherein said conductive rod is operably coupled to an electric power source and is operable to provide an electric current to said first end of said conductive rod in order to fire a round of ammunition adjacent thereto.

US Pat. No. 10,139,180

GUN LOCK AND FIREARM HAVING SUCH A GUN LOCK

1. A gun lock of a firearm having two hammers movably mounted on a lock support, a trigger bar dedicated to each hammer for holding or releasing the hammers, a trigger, and a disconnector dedicated to the trigger, by which disconnector the trigger bars are moveable by the trigger from a holding position into a release position, wherein the disconnector is moveable by an inertial mass between a triggering position, in which the trigger is connected to one of the two trigger bars, and a disconnect position, in which the connection between the trigger and the trigger bars is interrupted, wherein the inertial mass is a pendulum mass which swivels about a transverse axis between a starting position and a safe position and by which the disconnector, upon release of a first hammer, can be swiveled in a direction opposite to the direction of the pendulum mass into the disconnect position and wherein the hammers comprise a control surface which interact with contact surfaces of the pendulum mass such that upon release of one of the two hammers, the pendulum mass is moved into the safe position and at the same time moves the disconnector in the opposite direction forward into the disconnect position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,179

BIOMETRIC IDENTIFICATION SYSTEM FOR GUN

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

9. A user identification assembly comprising:iron sights configured for use on a firearm, the iron sights being positioned on the firearm to provide a point of aim to a user;
a light source disposed on the iron sights and projecting toward the user in a direction opposite the point of aim, the light source defining a sighting feature configured to be aligned with a sight feature of a front sight to aim the iron sights of the firearm; and
an image sensor disposed on the iron sights and configured to capture image data of an object to identify a particular user, the image sensor defining a sighting feature configured to be aligned with a sight feature of a front sight to aim the iron sights of the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,139,178

FIREARM WITH USER AUTHENTICATION TO REMOVE OR ADD COMPONENTS

1. A method that enables an authorized user to switch a handgun from being a smart-gun to being a traditional handgun, the method comprising:providing the handgun with a first component that removably connects to the handgun, that forms at least part of a handle of the handgun, and that includes electronics that make the handgun the smart-gun that can only be fired by the authorized user;
providing the handgun with a second component that removably connects to the handgun when the first component is removed from the handgun, that forms at least part of the handle of the handgun when the first component is removed from the handgun, that does not include an electronic component, and that replaces the first component in order to switch the handgun from being the smart-gun to being the traditional handgun that does not include electronic components;
receiving, at the handgun when the first component is connected to the handgun, a request from the authorized user to remove the first component from the handgun;
unlocking, by the handgun and in response to the request, the first component from the handgun when the authorized user is authorized to remove the first component from the handgun; and
locking, at the handgun, the second component that forms at least part of the handle in order to switch the handgun from being the smart-gun to being the traditional handgun.

US Pat. No. 10,139,177

FIREARM

Steyr Mannlicher GmbH, K...

1. A firearm comprising:a component carrier;
a barrel having a cartridge chamber configured for accommodating a cartridge; and
a slide, which is supported on the component carrier in a longitudinally moveable manner and has a breech block for the barrel and a striking device for the cartridge;
wherein the slide bears an extractor configured for extracting a fired cartridge from the cartridge chamber;
wherein an ejector is supported on the slide in a longitudinally moveable manner, which ejector protrudes into an extraction motion path of the cartridge and, in the end phase of the rearward motion of the slide, lies against a stop formed on the component carrier; and
wherein the slide, together with the ejector, can be modularly replaced with a second slide having no ejector, wherein said stop formed on the component carrier assumes the ejector function for said second slide.

US Pat. No. 10,139,176

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR LOADING PISTOL MAGAZINES

1. An apparatus for loading cartridges into a pistol magazine, the apparatus comprising:a main unit comprising a magazine holder and a tray coupled with the magazine holder, the magazine holder being configured to receive a pistol magazine with a first long axis, and the tray including an elongate channel configured to arrange a column of cartridges along a second long axis laterally offset from the first long axis, the tray further including an angled wall extending across the elongate channel adjacent the magazine holder and oriented at a non-zero angle relative to the second long axis;
a wall covering the tray; and
a handle including a pusher disposed within the elongate channel, the handle being movable relative to the tray towards the magazine holder to cause the pusher to force cartridges in the tray against the angled wall and into the pistol magazine, wherein the pusher includes an angled pusher surface oriented at an oblique angle relative to the second long axis and extending in alignment with a medial portion of a cartridge to be loaded.

US Pat. No. 10,139,175

GAS OPERATED MACHINE GUN

1. An automatic weapon system comprising:a piston driven, gas operated machine gun including: a barrel assembly, a reciprocating bolt assembly, a firing chamber, and a firing chamber positioning mechanism;
wherein said reciprocating bolt assembly is movable between a rear or open position, an intermediate position and a forward or closed position by a bolt positioning assembly,
wherein said firing chamber is movable between an unlocked position and a locked position relative to said reciprocating bolt assembly and
wherein said firing chamber positioning mechanism is operatively coupled to an ammunition magazine to move said firing chamber between said unlocked position and said locked position and including a magazine feed mechanism and a cartridge feed opening by a gun feed mechanism to feed cartridges from said ammunition magazine to said piston driven gas operated machine gun,
wherein said gun feed mechanism is disposed to engage said magazine feed mechanism to convert a linear motion of said reciprocating bolt assembly into rotary motion to feed a cartridge from said ammunition magazine through said cartridge feed opening into said firing chamber to be fired from said barrel assembly when said reciprocating bolt assembly is in a forward or closed position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,174

SLIDE COVER PLATE ASSEMBLIES FOR SEMI-AUTOMATIC PISTOLS

1. A slide cover plate assembly for accessing internal components housed within a slide of a pistol, comprising:a first plate having an opening to mate with a button of a second plate;
the first plate comprising an interior face, at least one contact portion and a mating portion, wherein the mating portion is in contact with the slide;
the second plate comprising the button, a corresponding contact portion, and an interior face, wherein the interior face of the second plate receives a force exerted by a firing pin spring housed within the slide and the interior face of the second plate is flush with the interior face of the first plate;
wherein the contact portion of the first plate is in contact with the corresponding contact portion of the second plate allowing the second plate to transfer the force exerted by the firing pin to the first plate;
wherein the mating portion of the first plate in contact with the slide and uses the force transferred to the first plate from the second plate to engage the slide cover plate with the slide; and
wherein the button receives a manual pressure applied by an operator, wherein the received manual pressure counteracts the force exerted by the firing pin allowing the slide cover plate assembly to disengage from the slide.

US Pat. No. 10,139,173

LESS-LETHAL BALLISTIC PROJECTILE LAUNCHER

1. The combination of a less-lethal ballistic projectile round and a handheld launcher, the round comprising: a shell casing having an annular recess formed in a flat end around a primer and a projectile,and the launcher comprising:
a receiver section constructed of a polymer material, the receiver section includes a handle grip and a back plate;
a barrel section constructed of a polymer material and pivotally connected to the receiver section for movement between an open position spaced from the back plate and a closed position abutting the back plate, the barrel section includes a first and second tubular barrel sleeve, each of the first and second barrel sleeve having an axial bore with a rear end for receiving one of the rounds therein, and a forward end from which the projectile is propelled from the barrel section, the first and second barrel sleeves constructed of a metal and fitted into the barrel section with the first barrel sleeve over lying axially parallel the second barrel sleeve; and
a fire control mechanism housed within the receiver for discharging the rounds loaded into the barrel sleeve, the fire control mechanism includes a first and second firing pin, a hammer pivotally connected to the receiver part for movement between a cocked position and an un-cocked position, a rocker part pivotally carried by the hammer for alternatively engaging the first and second firing pins when the hammer is in the un-cocked position, and a spur part rotatably carried by the hammer operatively engaged with the rocker part to selectively position the rocker part relative to the hammer to alternatively discharge the round loaded from one of the first and second barrel sleeves while preventing the round loaded in either each of the first and second barrel sleeve from being discharged simultaneously;
a first and second curved ribs extending from the back plate toward the barrel section for preventing the barrel section from pivoting into the closed position when the barrel sleeve rear end is loaded with other than the round, whereby one or more of the first and second ribs restrictively seat within the annular recess of one or more of the rounds loaded into the first and second barrel sleeves and the barrel section is in the closed position; and
an ejector slidably retained within the barrel section for partially ejecting the round from the barrel sleeve rear end and for engaging the back plate to lock the barrel section in the closed position, the ejector includes a nub, the nub being received within a notch within the receiver section when the barrel section is in the closed position, thereby locking the barrel section relative to the receiver section, the ejector also has a rounded groove therein for receiving the shell casing of the round, the ejector contacted by a spring disposed within the barrel section urging the ejector toward the receiver section so that the ejector catches the flange of the shell and partially ejects the round from the barrel sleeve.

US Pat. No. 10,139,172

HEAT EXCHANGER FIN RETENTION FEATURE

MAHLE International GmbH,...

1. A fin characterized by a corrugated shape configured to be interposed between adjacent instances of tubes of a heat exchanger assembly, said fin comprising:a plurality of planar portions configured to extend between the adjacent instances of the tubes;
a radiused portion located between adjacent planar portions and configured to be in thermal contact with a tube proximate thereto; and
a retention feature located between a leading edge and a trailing edge of the fin and remote from both the leading edge and the trailing edge, said retention feature configured to contact the tube in a manner effective to prevent fall-out of the fin prior to brazing of the heat exchanger assembly, wherein the retention feature includes a curled coil portion forming a loop protruding from the radiused portion and configured to deform to make a spring-biased contact with the tube and to spread a contact force over a contact area of the tube, wherein the curled coil portion is curling away from the radiused portion.

US Pat. No. 10,139,171

HEAT EXCHANGER AND TUBE

MAHLE INTERNATIONAL GMBH,...

1. A heat exchanger havinga plurality of tubes configured to be flowed through by a fluid, wherein each tube of the plurality of tubes opens on a first end into a first header box and opens on a second end into a second header box such that the first and second header boxes are in fluid communication with one another by way of the tube, wherein at least one of the tubes of the plurality of tubes has at least one wall section which is configured by way of a selectively permeable diaphragm, wherein the selectively permeable diaphragm is not permeable in one direction to at least one fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,139,170

HEAT DISSIPATION STRUCTURE AND DEVICE

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A heat dissipation structure comprising:a heat dissipating unit which comprises a plurality of extending parts which extends in a first direction, the heat dissipating unit configured to be thermally connected to an apparatus configured to produce heat; and
a heat accumulating unit comprising a heat storage material and an accommodating unit configured to be thermally connected to the extending parts, the accommodating unit accommodating the heat storage material in a sealed manner, wherein
the extending parts are arranged with gaps in a second direction intersecting with the first direction,
the accommodating unit comprises a plurality of sealing portions and a plurality of intermediate portions, the sealing portions are separated from each other, each of the sealing portions accommodating the heat storage material in a sealed manner, the intermediate portions connecting the sealing portions,
the sealing portions are configured to be disposed in the gaps between the extending parts, respectively, and
the intermediate portions are supported by the extending parts,
wherein each of the extending parts comprises a first end in the first direction and a second end on an opposite side of the first end, the second end positioned closer to the apparatus than to the first end,
wherein a pressing member abuts a first film of the accommodation unit and the first ends abut a second film of the accommodation unit such that the pressing member presses the intermediate portions of the accommodating unit against the first ends.

US Pat. No. 10,139,169

ADSORPTION SYSTEM

MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE O...

1. An adsorbent bed comprising:a housing including an inlet manifold, an exit manifold and a plurality of pairs of plates;
wherein each pair of plates of said plurality of pairs of plates define a flow channel within each respective pair of plates;
said flow channels are in fluid communication with the inlet manifold and the exit manifold,
wherein the pairs of plates are arranged in a stack;
wherein each pair of plates of said plurality of pairs of plates includes an upper layer including adsorbent material and a lower layer including adsorbent material and the vapor channel of each respective pair of plates being between the upper layer and the lower layer;
at least one airflow passage being provided between two immediately adjacent pairs of plates of said plurality of pairs of plates, said at least one airflow passage being configured to allow air to flow through the at least one airflow passage;
wherein each pair of plates of said plurality of pairs of plates are sealed, thereby preventing the air to flow into the respective flow channel of each pair of plates of said plurality of pairs of plates;
wherein the plurality of pairs of plates include a top most pair of plates, a bottom most pair of plates and at least one intermediate pair of plates;
wherein the vapor channel of the at least one intermediate pair of plates is fluidly connected to the vapor channels of the pairs of plates immediately above and below said at least one intermediate pair of plates via at least one raised portion.

US Pat. No. 10,139,168

COLD PLATE WITH RADIAL EXPANDING CHANNELS FOR TWO-PHASE COOLING

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

15. A cold plate, comprising:a manifold plate comprising a cold plate inlet and a cold plate outlet;
a base plate that comprises a recessed area; and
a middle layer between the manifold plate and the base plate, wherein the middle layer comprises:
a central region that has a solid conical shape with a narrow end of the central region adjacent to the base plate, and the solid conical shape only having a hole at a center of the central region that extends from a large end of the central region to the narrow end;
an outer wall; and
a plurality of side walls that extend radially from the central region to the outer wall and form a plurality of microchannels, wherein the manifold plate, the base plate, and the middle layer are bonded together.

US Pat. No. 10,139,166

FUEL FEED AND AIR FEED CONTROLLER FOR BIOFUEL-FIRED FURNACE

Jeffrey R. Hallowell, Wo...

1. A controller system for a biofuel-fired furnace, the system comprising:a fuel feed controller connectable to a motorized fuel feed device of the biofuel furnace and configured to generate first signals for controlling operation of the fuel feed device;
a supply air controller connectable to a supply air handler of the biofuel furnace and configured to generate second signals for controlling operation of the supply air handler;
a heat demand calculator connectable to a sensor coupled to the biofuel furnace, so as to repeatedly receive signals from the sensor, the heat demand calculator being configured to repeatedly calculate, based at least in part on the signals from the sensor, an amount of heat being extracted from a heat-transfer medium flowing from the biofuel furnace; and
a heat production adjuster coupled to the heat demand calculator, to the fuel feed controller and to the supply air controller, the heat production adjuster being configured to:
repeatedly monitor the amount of heat being extracted from the heat-transfer medium;
repeatedly recalculate a fuel feed rate for the fuel feed device to deliver fuel to the biofuel furnace, based at least in part on a current amount of heat being extracted from the heat-transfer medium;
repeatedly recalculate an air supply rate for the supply air handler to deliver air to the biofuel furnace; and
cause the fuel feed controller and the supply air controller to operate the fuel feed device and the supply air handler, respectively, according to a most recently recalculated fuel feed rate and a most recently recalculated air supply rate.

US Pat. No. 10,139,165

APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING NANOPARTICLES

ECOPICTURES CO., LTD, Se...

1. A nanoparticle generator, comprising:a body defining an internal space, with an electric insulator inserted into the internal space along a central axis of the body;
a heat-insulating tube, internally inserted into the body, wherein the electric insulator and a local heating unit which is mounted on the electric insulator are internally inserted into the heat-insulating tube along a central axis thereof;
a first inlet, provided at a side of the body, for introducing first external air into a first portion of the internal space defined by the body, wherein the first external air, introduced through the first inlet into said first portion of the internal space, is introduced into the heat-insulating tube, and the first portion is separate from another portion of the internal space defined by the body;
a second inlet, provided at said side of the body, for introducing second external air between the heat-insulating tube and the body; and
an outlet, provided at said side of the body, for evacuating, via said another portion of the internal space, the first external air which is introduced through the heat-insulating tube into said another portion of the internal space.

US Pat. No. 10,139,162

ACOUSTIC-ASSISTED HEAT AND MASS TRANSFER DEVICE

Heat Technologies, Inc., ...

1. An acoustic energy-transfer system comprising:a walled container configured to receive and contain a material to be processed while the material is being processed;
an acoustic chest arranged circumferentially around the container; and
an ultrasonic transducer arranged circumferentially inside the acoustic chest, the ultrasonic transducer defining a plurality of acoustic slots, each of the plurality of acoustic slots extending through the ultrasonic transducer, each of the plurality of acoustic slots angled with respect to a central axis of the acoustic chest.

US Pat. No. 10,139,159

INFRARED FLOAT BAR

1. A method of regulating drying of a web in a dryer by combined convective and radiative heat transfer, said web entering said dryer with wet areas alongside dry areas of the web, said method comprising providing in said dryer a plurality of air flotation bars that impinge air on said web and create a pressure pad, said air flotation bars having an infrared light source for applying an infrared heat flux to said pressure pad and a reflector for reflecting said infrared heat emitted by said infrared light source, and sensing air temperature of the air responsible for said convective heat transfer and regulating said air temperature in response to said sensing to a temperature effective for heating said wet areas while cooling at least a portion of said dry areas of the web prior to reaching the exit of said dryer such that the convective heat transfer cools said dry areas of said web while alongside wet areas are heated and said radiative heat transfer heats both said wet and dry areas of said web.

US Pat. No. 10,139,157

NGL RECOVERY FROM NATURAL GAS USING A MIXED REFRIGERANT

1. A process for recovering natural gas liquids (NGL) from a hydrocarbon-containing feed gas stream, said process comprising:(a) cooling and at least partially condensing a hydrocarbon-containing feed gas stream to thereby provide a cooled feed gas stream, wherein at least a portion of said cooling is carried out via indirect heat exchange with a mixed refrigerant stream in a first heat exchanger of a closed-loop mixed refrigerant refrigeration cycle;
(b) separating said cooled feed gas stream into a first vapor stream and a first liquid stream in a vapor-liquid separator;
(c) splitting said first vapor stream into a first vapor portion and a second vapor portion;
(d) cooling at least a portion of said first vapor portion in said first heat exchanger to thereby provide a cooled first vapor stream, wherein at least a portion of said cooling is carried out via indirect heat exchange with said mixed refrigerant stream used to perform said cooling of step (a);
(e) flashing said cooled first vapor stream to thereby provide a first flashed stream;
(f) flashing said second vapor portion to thereby provide a second flashed stream;
(g) flashing the entire first liquid stream to provide a two-phase fluid stream having a vapor fraction of at least 0.10;
(h) introducing said first flashed stream, the entire two-phase fluid stream, and said second flashed stream into a distillation column via respective first, second, and third fluid inlets of said distillation column, wherein said first fluid inlet is located at a higher separation stage than said second and said third fluid inlets, and wherein said third fluid inlet is located at the same separation stage or at a lower separation stage than said second fluid inlet; and
(i) recovering an overhead residue gas stream and a liquid bottoms product stream from said distillation column, wherein said recovering step includes operating said distillation column in a C2 recovery mode or a C2 rejection mode,
wherein, when said distillation column is operated in said C2 recovery mode, said liquid bottoms product stream comprises at least 90 percent of the total moles of C2 components in said hydrocarbon-containing feed gas stream introduced into said first heat exchanger and said overhead residue gas stream comprises less than 10 percent of the total moles of C2 components in said hydrocarbon-containing feed gas stream introduced into said first heat exchanger, and
wherein, when said distillation column is operated in a C2 rejection mode, said liquid bottoms product stream comprises less than 30 percent of the total moles of C2 components in said hydrocarbon-containing feed gas stream introduced into said first heat exchanger and said overhead residue gas stream comprises at least 70 percent of the total moles of C2 components in said hydrocarbon containing feed gas stream introduced into said first heat exchanger,
wherein prior to step (a), said mixed refrigerant stream is compressed, cooled, and expanded to thereby generate refrigeration, wherein at least a portion of said refrigeration is used to accomplish at least a portion of said cooling of step (a) and at least a portion of said cooling of step (d).

US Pat. No. 10,139,156

LED LIGHTING ARRAY SYSTEM FOR ILLUMINATING A DISPLAY CASE

ElectraLED, Inc., Clearw...

1. A lighting array system featuring light emitting diodes (LEDs) for use with at least one support member within a refrigerated cooler to illuminate products residing within the cooler, the lighting array system comprising:at least one module configured to be installed within a support member of the cooler, each module comprising:
a housing having a first side aperture and a second side aperture in an opposed positional relationship, a first internal reflecting surface extending outward from the first side aperture to a peripheral wall, and a second internal reflecting surface extending outward from the second side aperture to the peripheral wall;
an external lens configured to substantially mate with an upper extent of the housing; and
a light engine positioned within a receiver of the housing, the light engine including a first group of side-emitting LEDs associated with the first side aperture and a second group of side-emitting LEDs associated with the second side aperture,
wherein during operation of the lighting array system, a first portion of light generated by said first and second group of side-emitting LEDs is discharged through said apertures and the lens, and a second portion of light generated by said first and second group of side-emitting LEDs is redirected by the reflecting surface through said apertures and the lens.

US Pat. No. 10,139,155

REFRIGERATOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a food storage chamber comprising at least one wall;
a shelf holder installed on a wall of the food storage chamber, the shelf holder having a plurality of holes spaced apart from one another along a vertical direction;
a shelf assembly attachable to the shelf holder via at least one of the plurality of holes;
an electronic device provided on the shelf assembly;
a holder terminal unit provided between the shelf holder and the wall, the holder terminal unit having at least one holder-side terminal disposed to face at least one of the plurality of holes; and
a shelf terminal unit provided at a side of the shelf assembly that is configured to attach to the shelf holder, the shelf terminal unit comprising:
at least one pin provided on the shelf terminal unit and configured to electrically connect to the at least one holder-side terminal in a state in which the shelf assembly is attached to the shelf holder, the at least one pin being electrically connected to the electronic device provided on the shelf assembly, and
at least one elastic component coupled to the at least one pin and configured to, in a state in which the shelf assembly is attached to the shelf holder, exert a restoring force on the at least one pin in a direction towards the at least one holder-side terminal of the holder terminal unit.

US Pat. No. 10,139,154

REFRIGERATOR

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet having a storage compartment;
a door hingedly connected to the cabinet for opening and closing the storage compartment;
a drawer provided in the storage compartment;
a sensor for sensing whether the door is open;
an electric driving unit comprising a motor assembly and a moving frame configured to be movable forward and rearward by driving of the motor assembly, the electric driving unit being configured to move the drawer to a manipulating position spaced apart forward from an initial position by a predetermined distance through forward movement of the moving frame when it is sensed that the door is open; and
a rail configured to allow the drawer to move forward and rearward relative-to the storage compartment, wherein
the electric driving unit is driven to return the moving frame to the initial position after the moving frame is moved to the manipulating position, wherein the moving frame is connected with the drawer so as to apply a force to the drawer in a direction in which the drawer is withdrawn from the initial position to the manipulating position, and wherein the moving frame is disconnected from the drawer so as not to apply a force to the drawer in a direction in which the drawer is inserted from the manipulating position to the initial position.

US Pat. No. 10,139,153

FOOD STORAGE SYSTEM AND METHOD

1. A food storage system comprising:one or more modular assemblies having a housing unit having top, bottom, sides and back each having interior and exterior surfaces and defining an interior space wherein the interior surfaces accept one or more drawers,
the one or more drawers having an interior portion with front, back, bottom and sides each having interior and exterior surfaces and defining an interior storage space and having a drawer top peripheral edge and a drawer peripheral support edge, the one or more drawers being accessible from a substantially open top and configured to receive a plurality of trays,
each of the drawer front, back and sides having a top and bottom edge,
one or more drawer covers having bottom and top surfaces manufactured from a translucent material selected from the group consisting of silicone, rubber or vinyl,
one or more trays positioned within the one or more drawers, each tray having a front, back, bottom and sides and defining an interior storage space and having a tray top peripheral edge,
wherein the tray top peripheral edge of the one or more trays is substantially the same height as the drawer peripheral support edge of the one or more drawers when the one or more trays are positioned within the interior storage space of the one or more drawers,
wherein the bottom surface of each of the one or more drawer covers is smooth and seals the drawer peripheral support edge of the one or more drawers as well as the tray top peripheral edge of the one or more trays positioned within the storage space of the one or more drawers via direct contact between the bottom surface of the drawer covers and the top peripheral edges of the trays; wherein each drawer cover is able to seal the drawer peripheral support edge and the tray top peripheral edges regardless of the shape or dimension of the tray top peripheral edges; and
wherein the one or more drawer covers are configured to be removed from the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,139,150

APPARATUS, METHOD, AND SYSTEM FOR FILTERING AIR TO AND FROM A REFRIGERATED COMPARTMENT OF A REFRIGERATION APPLIANCE

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A refrigerator, comprising:a cabinet body;
an interior liner in the cabinet body defining at least a portion of an interior space; and
an air filter assembly positioned in the interior liner, the air filter assembly comprising:
a surface facing the interior space, defining an outer perimeter, and generally flush with the liner;
a luminous frame around the outer perimeter of the surface;
an air filter covered by and recessed from the surface; and
a first air path from the interior space through the filter.

US Pat. No. 10,139,148

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR COOLING LIQUIDS IN PORTABLE CONTAINERS

ICEJET, S.L., Gava Barce...

1. A cooling apparatus comprising:a first longitudinal body having a first outer surface and a first inner surface, the first inner surface defining an internal chamber having first and second ends,
a second longitudinal body disposed inside the first longitudinal body, the second longitudinal body having a second outer surface and a second inner surface, the second outer surface facing and being spaced-apart from the first inner surface of the first longitudinal body, the second inner surface defining an internal cavity having first and second ends, the first end being disposed in proximity to the first end of the internal chamber of the first longitudinal body, the second end being disposed in proximity to the second end of the internal chamber of the first longitudinal body,
a tortuous conduit disposed between and along a length of the first and second longitudinal bodies, the tortuous conduit being defined in part by the inner surface of the first longitudinal body, the tortuous conduit having an outlet and an inlet that are respectively disposed in proximity to the first and second ends of the internal chamber of the first longitudinal body, the tortuous conduit outlet being in fluid communication with the internal cavity of the second longitudinal body, the tortuous conduit comprising a plurality of flow constrictors disposed within an intermediate portion thereof, the plurality of flow constrictors having different cross-sectional areas than one another.

US Pat. No. 10,139,147

REFRIGERATOR WITH ICE CONTAINER

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A refrigerator, comprising:a body having at least one storage chamber;
at least one door rotatably mounted to the body to open or close the at least one storage chamber;
an ice container detachably mounted to the at least one door or the body, the ice container including:
a discharge passage provided in the ice container and having a discharge opening to discharge ice; and
an ice conveyer mounted in the ice container to discharge the ice moved by gravity as ice cubes or broken ice, selectively, wherein the ice conveyer includes:
a rotational shaft connected to a motor;
a plurality of rotary blades mounted to the rotational shaft;
a plurality of fixed blades that are each mounted between adjacent pairs of the rotary blades to apply a pressure to the ice together with the plurality of rotary blades to break the ice when the plurality of rotary blades rotates in a first direction;
a plurality of spacers coupled to the rotational shaft to fixedly secure the plurality of rotary blades at predetermined positions, respectively; and
a pin configured to be inserted in a first hole formed in an end of the rotational shaft and in a second hole formed in a spacer of the plurality of spacers coupled to the end by press fitting to secure the plurality of rotary blades and the plurality of fixed blades to the rotational shaft,
wherein the rotational shaft includes a non-circular shank having a first flat surface and a second flat surface that is opposite to the first flat surface, and the first hole passes through the first flat surface and the second flat surface.

US Pat. No. 10,139,145

FILTERS FOR STAND-ALONE ICE MAKING APPLIANCES

HAIER US APPLIANCE SOLUTI...

1. A stand-alone ice making appliance, comprising:a container defining a first storage volume for receipt of ice;
a water tank, the water tank defining a second storage volume for receipt of water;
a pump in fluid communication with the second storage volume for actively flowing water from the water tank;
an ice maker, the ice maker in fluid communication with the pump for receiving water from the pump, wherein the ice maker comprises an auger at least partially surrounded by a casing and a sealed refrigeration system in thermal communication with the casing;
a filter, the filter comprising a filter medium operable to remove contaminants from water flowing through the filter medium, the filter positioned upstream of the ice maker in a flow direction of water from the second storage volume to the ice maker; and
a chute extending between the ice maker and the container for directing ice produced by the ice maker towards the first storage volume.

US Pat. No. 10,139,143

AIR CONDITIONER WITH MULTIPLE EXPANSION DEVICES

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. An air conditioner comprising:a condenser including an outlet;
one or more compressors, the one or more compressors comprising:
a low compressor setting; and
a first and a second high compressor settings, wherein a volumetric flow rate of refrigerant exiting the one or more compressors is greater at the first and second high compressor settings than at the low compressor setting;
a first expansion device fluidly coupled to the set of compressors such that the first expansion device permits fluid to exit the first expansion device at a first flow rate, wherein the first expansion device is an electronic expansion valve;
a second expansion device fluidly coupled to the one or more compressors such that the second expansion device permits fluid to exit the second expansion device at a second flow rate, wherein the first expansion device and the second expansion device are coupled in parallel;
a controller coupled to a plurality of components of the air conditioner, the controller comprising a memory storing an operation module and an expansion device management module each being executable by a processor, wherein the controller is operable to:
via the operation module, receive requests for operation and determine response to the requests for operation and operate the plurality of components of the air conditioner;
via the expansion device management module, allow operations of the air conditioner, comprising:
measure a flow rate in the air conditioner;
compare the measured flow rate to a plurality of flow rate ranges stored in a memory, the plurality of flow rate ranges associated with the low, first high, and second high compressor settings;
allow refrigerant from the outlet of the condenser to flow through the first expansion device if the measured flow rate is associated with the low compressor setting;
allow refrigerant from the outlet of the condenser to flow through the second expansion device if the measured flow rate is associated with the first high compressor setting; and
allow refrigerant from the outlet of the condenser to flow through the first and second expansion devices if the measured flow rate is associated with the second high compressor setting.

US Pat. No. 10,139,142

REFRIGERATION CYCLE APPARATUS INCLUDING A PLURALITY OF BRANCH UNITS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A refrigeration cycle apparatus comprising:a heat source unit including a compressor and an outdoor heat exchanger;
a plurality of branch units each including a plurality of intermediate heat exchangers configured to heat exchange between refrigerant and a heat medium and a plurality of expansion devices for refrigerant corresponding the intermediate heat exchangers;
a plurality of use side units that receive the heat medium from the branch units;
a refrigerant circuit including a high-pressure refrigerant pipe, a low-pressure refrigerant pipe, and an intermediate-pressure refrigerant pipe, the high-pressure refrigerant pipe and the low-pressure refrigerant pipe respectively connecting the heat source unit to each of the branch units, the intermediate-pressure refrigerant pipe connecting the branch units to each other;
a plurality of high-pressure detecting devices including a high-pressure detecting device provided in each of the branch units configured to detect a pressure of the refrigerant passing through the high-pressure refrigerant pipe; and
a plurality of intermediate-pressure detecting devices including an intermediate-pressure detecting device provided in each of the branch units configured to detect a pressure of the refrigerant passing through the intermediate-pressure refrigerant pipe,
at least one of the branch units being a first branch unit having a minimum pressure loss in distribution of refrigerant in the high-pressure refrigerant pipe connecting the heat source unit to the first branch unit,
at least another of the branch units being a second branch unit having a maximum pressure loss in distribution of refrigerant in the high-pressure refrigerant pipe connecting the heat source unit to the second branch unit,
at least one of the plurality of the expansion devices is configured to have an opening degree which allows a differential pressure between a refrigerant pressure detected by the high-pressure detecting device of the first branch unit and a refrigerant pressure detected by the intermediate-pressure detecting device of the first branch unit is greater than or equal to a set value.

US Pat. No. 10,139,141

COMBINED CONDENSOR AND EVAPORATOR

SWEP INTERNATIONAL AB, L...

1. A combined evaporator and condenser comprising:a plurality of stacked heat exchanger plates provided with a pressed pattern of ridges and grooves for keeping the plates on a distance from one another;
wherein a first group of consecutive stacked plates of said heat exchanger plates define interplate flow channels between immediately adjacent plates of said first group of plates, defining an evaporator portion of the combined evaporator and condenser;
wherein a second group of consecutive stacked plates of said heat exchanger plates define interplate flow channels between immediately adjacent plates of said second group of plates, defining a condenser portion of the combined evaporator and condenser;
a pair of consecutive stacked plates of said heat exchanger plates defining a blind channel, wherein the blind channel is located between the condenser portion and the evaporator portion for thermally insulating the condenser portion and the evaporator portion;
wherein the evaporator portion has a coolant outlet connectable to an expansion valve;
wherein a connection between the condenser portion and the expansion valve comprises a pipe that extends sequentially from the outlet of the condenser portion, through the blind channel, through the evaporator portion, and through an outermost plate of the evaporator portion where the pipe is connected to the expansion valve.

US Pat. No. 10,139,140

REFRIGERANT DISTRIBUTION DEVICE AND HEAT EXCHANGER HAVING SAME

SANHUA (HANGZHOU) MICRO C...

1. A refrigerant distributing device, comprising:a distributing structure comprising a plurality of distributing pipes, at least one of the plurality of distributing pipes being provided with a distributing hole, at least two of the plurality of distributing pipes intersecting with each other; and
an adapting block provided with an adapting chamber, and connected to the distributing structure such that the adapting chamber is communicated with an inner chamber of the distributing pipe;
wherein the plurality of distributing pipes comprises a plurality of straight pipes and a plurality of multi-way pipes.

US Pat. No. 10,139,137

HEAT EXCHANGER REACTIVE TO INTERNAL AND EXTERNAL TEMPERATURES

The United States of Amer...

1. A heat exchanger reactive to external and internal temperatures for carrying a working fluid, said heat exchanger comprising:a first pipe having an inner surface and an outer surface and with a first coefficient of thermal expansion, said first pipe having a cross-section with a first channel portion and a first stress relief portion parallel to an axis of said first pipe, said first stress relief portion defining a volume and protruding toward the axis of said first pipe with the volume provided for containing the working fluid within the inner surface thereof;
a second pipe having an inner surface and an outer surface and with a second coefficient of thermal expansion, said second pipe having a cross section with a second channel portion, said second pipe positioned co-axially with and enclosing said first pipe, the inner surface of said second pipe being in contact with the outer surface of said first pipe as an interference fit, and said second pipe positioned rotationally about said axis of said first pipe relative to said first pipe such the channel portion of said second pipe is rotationally aligned with the channel portion of said first pipe;
a third pipe having an inner surface and an outer surface and with a third coefficient of thermal expansion, said third pipe positioned parallel to and enclosing said second pipe, with said third pipe having a cross-section with a third channel portion;
a fourth pipe having an inner surface and an outer surface and with a fourth coefficient of thermal expansion, said fourth pipe having a cross-section with a fourth channel portion and a second stress relief portion parallel to an axis of said fourth pipe with said second stress-relief portion having a volume and protruding away from the axis of said first pipe, said fourth pipe positioned co-axially with and encompassing said third pipe and positioned rotationally about the axis of said third pipe relative to said third pipe such the inner surface of said fourth pipe is in contact with the outer surface of said third pipe with an interference fit; and
a fluid positioned in the space defined by the inner surface of said third pipe and the outer surface of said second pipe;
wherein said first and second pipes and said third and fourth pipes have a first position responsive to the internal and external temperatures in which a space defined between said second and third pipes is minimized and a second position responsive to different internal and external temperatures in which the space defined between said second and third pipes is maximized by expansion and contraction of said first pipe, of said second pipe, of said third pipe, and of said fourth pipe in response to differences in coefficients of thermal expansion.

US Pat. No. 10,139,135

AUTOMATIC HOT WATER PULSATING ALARM FOR WATER HEATERS

MICLAU-S.R.I. INC., Mont...

1. A hot water pulsating alarm system for water heaters comprising a controller, a temperature sensor secured to a water tank of said water heater in an upper region of said water tank where hot water is drawn through a water outlet to feed a hot water supply conduit, said temperature sensor feeding temperature signals to said controller representative of actual water temperature in said upper region of said water tank, a domestic water supply conduit to feed water under pressure to a water inlet conduit of said water tank to replenish water in said water tank drawn through said water outlet, a shut-off valve secured to said water inlet conduit, a communication link between said controller and said shut-off valve for operating the state of said shut-off valve, said controller having a computer readable memory having recorded thereon statements and instructions for executing by a computer said statements and instructions when receiving predetermined temperature signals from said temperature sensor, said controller when receiving a predetermined low temperature signal from said sensor causing said shut-off valve to be operated to close and open in a predetermined sequence and during a predetermined time period to cause interruptions of said water under pressure to said water inlet and consequently to said feed of hot water to said hot water supply conduit in the event that hot water is being drawn to create a pulsating water temperature change of water being drawn through fixtures connected to said hot water supply conduit and which temperature change constitutes a pulsating signal to a user person having a body part in contact with said pulsating water temperature change that said water heater will be shut off.

US Pat. No. 10,139,134

SAMPLE HEATING METHOD AND HEATING CONTROL DEVICE

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A sample heating method which uses a microchip, comprising the steps of:wherein the microchip includes: a vessel portion in which at least a portion is configured of an elastic member; and a flow channel which leads a liquid sample to the vessel portion,
heating the liquid sample while applying pressure to the liquid sample from outside of the vessel portion,
wherein the microchip further includes an expansion limiting member which is provided around the vessel portion and limits expansion of the elastic member,
wherein at least a portion of the expansion limiting member is configured of either a heat generation member or a heat transfer member, and
wherein the liquid sample is heated in a state where pressure is applied with respect to the inner portion of the vessel portion and thus, the vessel portion contacts either the heat generation member or the heat transfer member of the expansion limiting member.

US Pat. No. 10,139,133

IN-LINE HEATER

Heateflex Corporation, A...

1. An in-line heater for high purity fluids, comprising:a heating vessel, defined at least in part by a wall, through which high purity fluid to be heated flows;
a port comprising a first aperture formed through the wall of the vessel, a second aperture of greater diameter than the first aperture extending into the wall generally concentric with the first aperture and a ring or groove formed in the wall between the first and second apertures so as to face an open end of the second aperture; and
a fitting attached to the port and having a body defining a pass-through passageway, a peripheral outer surface of the body having threads engaging threads of an inner surface of the second aperture of the port and a face of a free end of the body of the fitting having a groove or a ring which mates with the corresponding ring or groove of the port to form a liquid seal between the end of the fitting and the wall of the vessel and a liquid seal between the end of the fitting and the peripheral outer surface of the body to prevent high purity fluid from contacting the threads of the port and fitting.

US Pat. No. 10,139,132

APPARATUS FOR THERMAL CONTROL OF TUBING ASSEMBLY AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

Lam Research Corporation,...

1. A tubing assembly, comprising:a plurality of tubing structures connected to each other in a configuration providing one or more fluid pathways through the plurality of tubing structures from a fluid entrance of the plurality of tubing structures to a fluid exit of the plurality of tubing structures;
an electrical resistance heating filament wire wound around the plurality of tubing structures in an unbroken manner from the fluid entrance of the plurality of tubing structures to the fluid exit of the plurality of tubing structures, the electrical resistance heating filament wire having a first electrical lead located proximate to the fluid entrance of the plurality of tubing structures and a second electrical lead located proximate to the fluid exit of the plurality of tubing structures;
a layer of a dielectric material disposed on the plurality of tubing structures, the electrical resistance heating filament wire wound around the plurality of tubing structures so as to be in contact with an exposed outer surface of the layer of the dielectric material; and
an encapsulation layer of thermal insulating material disposed over an entirety of the plurality of tubing structures and covering the electrical resistance heating filament wire wound around the plurality of tubing structures with the first and second electrical leads exposed.

US Pat. No. 10,139,131

FLUID HEATER WITH PERFORATED FLAME HOLDER, AND METHOD OF OPERATION

CLEARSIGN COMBUSTION CORP...

1. A method of operating a fluid heater, comprising:detecting a temperature of a fluid inside a tank;
if the detected temperature of the fluid is below a first temperature threshold, supporting a flame inside a flue that extends through the tank, and repeating the step of detecting a temperature;
transferring heat generated by the flame to fluid inside the tank;
if the detected temperature of the fluid is above a second temperature threshold, greater than the first temperature threshold, and if a flame is present inside the flue, extinguishing the flame, and repeating the step of detecting a temperature; and
if the detected temperature of the fluid is above the second temperature threshold, and if a flame is not present inside the flue, repeating the step of detecting a temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,139,128

PRESSURE TANK FOR A WATER HEATER IN STAINLESS STEEL, AND ALSO A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURE OF A PRESSURE TANK

1. A pressure tank for a water heater of stainless steel, the tank being a hollow body, the tank comprising:a circular-cylindrical middle portion, and hemispherical end portions, a length of the cylindrical middle portion being greater than a diameter of the cylindrical middle portion;
wherein the cylindrical middle portion comprises two identical deep drawn tank halves each comprising half of said cylindrical middle portion and half of each hemispherical end portion, so that a common dividing plane of said tank halves coincides with a longitudinal axis of said tank;
said tank halves being welded together at said common dividing plane; and
the two tank halves, during the deep drawing, are provided with an encircling flange, said flange providing welding material for fusing together the two tank halves by welding of the flange by melting said flange and forming a surface that is largely flush with a tank wall, both on the inside and the outside and thereby avoiding any weld seam crevices on an inside of the tank.

US Pat. No. 10,139,125

AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An air-conditioning apparatus, comprising:a compressor configured to compress and discharge refrigerant;
a heat source device-side heat exchanger configured to exchange heat between the refrigerant and a heat medium different from the refrigerant;
a plurality of use-side heat exchangers configured to exchange heat between the refrigerant and a use-side medium around the plurality of use-side heat exchangers;
a relay device provided between the heat source device-side heat exchanger and the plurality of use-side heat exchangers, the relay device includes a gas-liquid separator, a flow regulator, an intermediate heat exchanger, and a relay controller configured to switch at least one of the plurality of use-side heat exchangers to a cooling operation and switch others of the plurality of use-side heat exchangers to a heating operation; and
at least one system including a heat-medium pump, a heat-medium flow regulator, and a heat-medium flow controller, as a heat medium system capable of regulating a flow rate of the heat medium supplied to the heat source device-side heat exchanger,
the compressor and the heat source device-side heat exchanger being arranged in a heat source device and the plurality of use-side heat exchangers being arranged in an indoor unit,
the air-conditioning apparatus being configured to switch each of the plurality of use-side heat exchangers to the cooling operation or the heating operation in accordance with a control command to perform a cooling and heating simultaneous operation,
the refrigerant being caused to flow through the heat source device-side heat exchanger depending on a ratio of a total cooling capacity and a total heating capacity of the plurality of use-side heat exchangers,
the heat-medium flow controller being configured to control the flow rate of the heat medium supplied to the heat source device-side heat exchanger based on the total cooling capacity and the total heating capacity of the plurality of use-side heat exchangers and a total operation capacity of the heat source device-side heat exchanger,
the heat-medium flow controller being configured to control the flow rate of the heat medium between a lower limit value of the heat medium defined by the heat source device and an upper limit value of a flow rate corresponding to a maximum opening degree of the heat-medium flow regulator, and
the heat-medium flow controller being configured to include a plurality of the lower limit values being set to be selectable depending on a characteristic of the heat-medium flow regulator.

US Pat. No. 10,139,120

INTEGRATED VENTURI HEATING ELEMENTS FOR AIR CURTAINS

1. Integrated heating coil units for an air curtain comprises, an air curtain having a plurality of blower units, each blower unit having an axle impellor cage driven by a single electric motor there between,a housing for each of said impellor cage defining a directional nozzle outlet,
oppositely disposed equilateral air inlets in said housing aligned with said respective impellor cages, said integrated heating coil units comprises,
first heating coil assemblies overlying one of said air inlets in each of said housings having a coil support frame with spaced parallel coil end engagement flanges, interconnected top and bottom cross members,
a coil mounting bracket extending from said cross member secured to said housing for each of said impellor cages wherein said heating coil assemblies are powered by a power supply through a power distribution energizing circuit balance power distribution to respective coil pairs in parallel power orientation therewith,
second heating coil assemblies positioned partially around the perimeter of said remaining air intakes in each of said housings so that said first and second heating coil assemblies receive inlet air flow directly there through.

US Pat. No. 10,139,119

AIR CONDITIONER AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. An air conditioner comprising:a water tank to store water;
a humidification medium disposed above the water tank;
a watering housing to draw and spray the water stored in the water tank to supply the water to the humidification medium;
a watering motor to rotate the watering housing;
a visual body coupled to an upper part of the water tank to reflect and scatter the water sprayed from the watering housing;
a top cover assembly disposed at an upper end of the visual body, the top cover assembly having an outlet through which air is discharged;
a blower fan to blow air to the humidification medium;
a blower motor to rotate the blower fan;
an operation module to receive an instruction from a user and to set a sterilizing dry mode for sterilizing and drying the humidification medium;
a sterilization module to sterilize the humidification medium; and
a control unit to control the watering motor, the blower motor, and the sterilization module according to an instruction inputted to the operation module,
wherein the humidification medium comprises a material that is capable of containing moisture,
wherein the control unit stops an operation of the watering motor according to an instruction inputted to the operation module, operates the blower motor and the sterilization module when the sterilizing dry mode is set, and stops the operation of the sterilization module after a predetermined sterilizing dry time elapses,
wherein the watering housing comprises a nozzle for spraying water to an inner side surface of the visual body to supply moisture to the humidification medium,
wherein the nozzle is disposed higher than the humidification medium, and
wherein when blower motor is operated, air blown by the blower fan flows into a space formed between the visual body and the water tank, passes the humidification medium, and is discharged through the outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,139,118

AIR TREATMENT APPARATUS AND METHOD

1. An air treatment apparatus comprising:air treatment units each comprising:
an air inlet;
an air outlet;
an air treatment device located between the air inlet and the air outlet; and
connecting components,
wherein the air treatment device within the air treatment units comprises at least one of the following components: components for air purification and filtering, heating, dehumidifying, humidifying, air-cooling, and/or components of blow-through fan, a draw through fan, or a pump,
wherein the air treatment device in the air treatment units are of different types,
wherein the air treatment units are linkable and connectable by the connecting components, the connecting components further comprise a transmitter and a receiver,
wherein connection of the air treatment units is non-substantially performed,
wherein the air treatment units may operate in a first mode in which the air treatment units operate in coordination with one another together as a built system and a second mode in which the air treatment units operate alone as separate individual units, and
wherein the air treatment units are configured to operate in the first mode and the second mode according to at least one level obtained by at least one environmental sensor, the first mode and the second providing different air treatment efficiency and performance,
wherein the at least one environmental sensor is located off-site from the air treatment apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,139,117

WALL-MOUNTED SMART DEHUMIDIFIER

1. A dehumidifier introducing external air through an air inlet to an inside thereof, dehumidifying the introduced air using a thermoelectric device powered on/off by a controller in the dehumidifier, and discharging the dehumidified air through an air outlet, wherein a dehumidifying space is formed on a water surface of a cooling water vessel containing cooling water, so that the air is introduced to the dehumidifying space and dehumidified by the cooling water, wherein the dehumidified air in the dehumidifying space is heated by a heating part of the thermoelectric device and is then discharged through the air outlet, wherein the cooling water in the cooling water vessel is circulated by a water pump and cooled through a cooling part of the thermoelectric device, wherein the cooling water vessel extends from a lower portion of the air inlet at a first side of the dehumidifier to a lower portion of the thermoelectric device at a second side of the dehumidifier, wherein the dehumidifying space is formed as a passage extending from the air inlet at the first side to the thermoelectric device at the second side, and wherein a first fan is provided at the air inlet so that the air introduced into the dehumidifying space by the first fan passes along the water surface of the cooling water contained in the cooling water vessel to the heating part of the thermoelectric device, wherein a second fan is provided at a lower end of the heating part of the thermoelectric device, wherein the air outlet is provided at an upper portion of the heating part of the thermoelectric device, and wherein the air in the dehumidifying space is ascended by the second fan and is discharged through the heating part of the thermoelectric device and through the air outlet, wherein the dehumidifier comprises a temperature sensor measuring a temperature of the cooling water in the cooling water vessel and a humidity sensor measuring a humidity of the external air, wherein the controller operates the first fan and the second fan when the humidity exceeds a predetermined threshold humidity to perform dehumidification, and when the temperature of the cooling water measured while the dehumidification exceeds a predetermined threshold temperature, the controller supplies electricity to the thermoelectric device while circulating the cooling water by the water pump so that the temperature of the cooling water remains at the threshold temperature or less.

US Pat. No. 10,139,114

METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION OF A WALL HEATING PANEL AND A WALL HEATING PANEL

1. A method for constructing a wall heating panel for a dry wall construction, comprising the steps of:forming, from an aluminium multi-channel profile, a collector having at least one horizontal phase transition channel and a water channel having stub pipes at both ends of the water channel for connecting the collector to a water heating installation;
permanently plugging the ends of the at least one phase transition channel;
connecting inseparably aluminium vertical heating elements, previously plugged at the top, with the at least one phase transition channel to form a system and checking the system for tightness;
removing air from the system and filling the system with a thermodynamic medium in an amount of up to 95% of the system volume and tightly closing the system;
inserting the vertical heating elements into previously made grooves of a dry wall construction board, such that the collector connected with the vertical heating elements adjoins a bottom edge of the dry wall construction board; and
coating free spaces of the grooves with the vertical heating elements by an elastic compound.

US Pat. No. 10,139,113

TABLETOP COOKING ASSEMBLY

1. A tabletop cooking assembly, comprising:a table frame;
a cooking element supported by said table frame;
a vent disposed peripherally to a side of said cooking element and defining an aperture for receiving smoke generated during preparation of food on said cooking element;
an exhaust duct, said exhaust duct being substantially unobstructed and in fluid communication with said vent for directing smoke away from said cooking element;
a filter assembly in fluid communication with said exhaust duct and comprising a filter disposed therein for filtering the smoke as the smoke passes through said filter assembly; and
a high velocity blower in fluid communication with said exhaust duct and said filter assembly for drawing smoke from said cooking element through said vent at a velocity greater than 750 feet per minute to substantially cool the smoke for improving removal of particles from the smoke.

US Pat. No. 10,139,112

ANNULAR COMBUSTION CHAMBER OF A GAS TURBINE AND GAS TURBINE WITH SUCH A COMBUSTION CHAMBER

General Electric Company,...

1. An annular combustion chamber of a gas turbine having a machine axis, said combustion chamber comprising: a segmented outer liner and a segmented inner liner defining a first zone that receives a fuel/air mixture from a plurality of burners; a second zone that guides an axial flow of hot gases produced by said burners from said first zone to an entrance of a turbine section of said gas turbine; an annular transition liner comprising a plurality of transition liner segments circumferentially arranged about said machine axis at a transition between said first zone and said second zone; whereby each of said transition liner segments comprises, with respect to the axial hot gas flow, a leading edge, a trailing edge, and two sidewalls, the sidewalls defining cooling holes therethrough; whereby adjacent transition liner segments define a first gap therebetween, the first gap being in fluid communication with said cooling holes; whereby each said transition liner segment is provided with axially oriented hooks at said leading and trailing edges; and whereby local spacer ribs are provided at said leading edge of each said transition liner segment to establish a second gap of minimum width between each said transition liner segment and a respective upstream segment of said segmented outer liner or said segmented inner liner.

US Pat. No. 10,139,111

DUAL OUTLET NOZZLE FOR A SECONDARY FUEL STAGE OF A COMBUSTOR OF A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

SIEMENS ENERGY, INC., Or...

1. A gas turbine engine comprising:a combustor with a main combustion zone to ignite working gas;
a primary fuel stage in fluid communication with said main combustion zone;
a secondary fuel stage positioned downstream of the main combustion zone, said secondary fuel stage comprising a nozzle configured as a split body nozzle comprising dual, curvilinear outlets to inject an air-fuel mixture into the combustor, the dual outlets oriented and adapted to direct a flow of said air-fuel mixture along respective directions including a respective circumferential direction proximate said dual outlets, in a plane orthogonal to a longitudinal axis of the combustor, the dual outlets arranged with a cross-sectional width selected to vary a dual split of the air-fuel mixture;
wherein the air-fuel mixture split along the respective directions including the respective circumferential outlet is configured to entrain the air-fuel mixture with the working gas such that a peak temperature profile has a convex perimeter.

US Pat. No. 10,139,109

CAN-ANNULAR COMBUSTOR BURNER WITH NON-UNIFORM AIRFLOW MITIGATION FLOW CONDITIONER

SIEMENS ENERGY, INC., Or...

1. A method for regulating airflow within a gas turbine engine burner, comprising:providing a gas turbine engine, including a combustor section having a plurality of circumferentially oriented can-annular burners, each burner respectively having:
a basket having a basket circumferential outer wall, defining therein a compressed air and fuel axial thru-flow path across an air inlet plane, the thru-flow path having a thru-flow flow direction, and an airflow reversal region upstream of the air inlet plane relative to the thru-flow flow direction;
a plurality of premixers annularly arrayed about a pilot burner, all of which are oriented within the basket interior downstream of the air inlet plane relative to the thru-flow flow direction, and within the thru-flow path;
a flow conditioner coupled to the basket upstream of the air inlet plane and circumscribing the airflow reversal region, the flow conditioner defining an asymmetrical pattern of circumferential perforations that vary circumferential airflow locally from outside the basket into the airflow reversal region;
establishing respective uniform thru-flow path and overall circumferential airflow flow rate specifications common to all of the burners, for achieving defined engine fuel-air ratio (FAR) combustion parameters;
determining actual flow pattern variations in the respective thru-flow path for each respective burner across its respective air inlet plane;
determining a respective flow conditioner asymmetric perforation pattern for each respective burner what will mitigate thru-flow path airflow rate variations, including deviating from the established overall circumferential airflow flow rate specification; and
fabricating respective flow conditioners incorporating said respective determined asymmetric perforation pattern for installation in the gas turbine engine.

US Pat. No. 10,139,106

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING THE OPERATION OF A BURNER

SIT S.P.A., Padova (IT)

1. A method for controlling the operation of a burner, the burner including a control board (6) associated with a first control unit (2) and a first memory (3) capable of storing first values (?PF1,j, . . . , ?PFi,j, . . . , ?PFM,j) of operating parameters (PF1, . . . , PFi, . . . , PFM) of the burner, and a display device (7) for displaying one or more items of data relating to the functioning of the burner, the display device (7) including a second memory (5) capable of storing second values (??PF1,j, . . . , ??PFi,j, . . . , ??PFM,j) of operating parameters (PF1, . . . , PFi, . . . , PFM) of the burner, each first and second value (?PFi,j, ??PFi,j), of the operating parameters (PF1, . . . , PFi, . . . , PFM) being capable of being changed over time, the method comprising:setting for each operating parameter (PFi) at least one first value (?PFi,j) in the first memory (3), and setting for each operating parameter (PFi) at least one second value (??PFi,j) in the second memory (5), each of the first and second values being optimized based on operation of the burner;
comparing, for each operating parameter (PFi), a corresponding first value (?PFi,j) and second value (??PFi,j);
if the first value (?PFi,j) and the second value (??PFi,j) are different, changing one of the first or second values (?PFi,j), (??PFi,j) so that the first and second values (?PFi,j), (??PFi,j) are the same;
wherein the step of setting at least a first value (?PFi,j) and/or second value (??PFi,j) of at least one of the operating parameters (PF1, . . . , PFi, . . . , PFM) is performed through the display device (7).

US Pat. No. 10,139,105

METAL-CERAMIC COMPOUND GRATE BAR FOR WASTE INCINERATION

Alite GmbH, Neustadt (DE...

1. A grate bar comprising:a hull with a bottom and first and second side walls, said bottom and first and second side walls made of first sheet metal, at least one of the first and second side walls containing a recess;
a support structure inserted into said hull to form compartments between said hull and said support structure,
the support structure made of second sheet metal;
the compartments containing a ceramic material,wherein the support structure contains at least two pieces of the second sheet metal, each of the at least two pieces of the second sheet metal having first and second edge surfaces; wherein a first edge surface of the at least two pieces faces the first side wall while the second edge surface of the at least two pieces of the second sheet metal faces the second side wall; andwherein at least one of said at least two pieces of the second sheet metal engages in the recess.

US Pat. No. 10,139,103

CEILING MOUNTED AIRWAY DEVICE WITH ILLUMINATION

PANASONIC ECOLOGY SYSTEMS...

1. A ceiling mounted airway device with illumination, comprising a main housing, a lamp and a lamp fixing part intended to detachably fix the lamp to an inner wall of the main housing, wherein the main housing comprises:a first opening for exhausting air out of the main housing; and
a second opening for sucking air into the main housing, and
the lamp comprises:
an electrically conductive contact terminal which is located at an upper end of the lamp and electrically powered via the lamp fixing part; and
a flange protruding from a surface of the lamp and located below the electrically conductive contact terminal,
wherein the ceiling mounted airway device with illumination further comprises a shield for supporting the flange, which is substantially in form of a cylinder and surrounds the electrically conductive contact terminal and the lamp fixing part.

US Pat. No. 10,139,102

GOLF HOLE ILLUMINATION APPARATUS

1. A golf hole illumination apparatus, comprising:an annular body having an opening communicating through a center portion thereof;
a plurality of sequentially positioned light emitters engaged to said body in a curved path;
said body having a diameter running between opposing points of a circumferential edge, said diameter adapted for positioning to an as used position, at a bottom of a cup descending from a golf hole;
a slot communicating through said body from said circumferential edge to said opening,
said slot forming a passage adapted for a pole extending from a center area of said golf hole to pass into said opening;
an electric power source providing electricity to said light emitters through wires communicating between said electric power source and said light emitters; and
said light emitters communicating illumination in a direction toward a circumferential edge of said hole with said body in said as used position, wherein said hole is illuminated by said light emitters.

US Pat. No. 10,139,101

PERSONAL DEFENSE DEVICE

C2C INVENT, LLC, Basking...

1. A personal defense device comprising:a reflector assembly, a barrel assembly and a plunger assembly;
wherein the barrel assembly includes a proximal end and a distal end;
wherein the reflector assembly is attached to the barrel assembly at a first opening provided at the distal end of the barrel assembly;
wherein the plunger assembly is attached to the barrel assembly at the proximal end of the barrel assembly;
wherein the reflector assembly comprises a reflector, a lens and a cover to protect the lens;
wherein the barrel assembly comprises a printed circuit board housing and a canister housing;
wherein the printed circuit board housing receives a printed circuit board assembly;
wherein the canister housing receives a replaceable canister having a compressible nozzle at its distal end;
wherein the replaceable canister serves as a receptacle for an attack repellant chemical;
wherein the printed circuit board assembly includes at least one battery;
wherein the plunger assembly comprises an upper housing and a lower housing;
wherein the lower housing of the plunger assembly is removably engaged to the canister housing;
wherein the upper housing of the plunger assembly includes an open ended cavity which extends in a direction transverse to a longitudinal axis of the upper housing; and
wherein the open ended cavity is configured to receive and retain an alarm.

US Pat. No. 10,139,098

SEALED LED LIGHT MODULE

LUNUX GMBH, Laatzen (DE)...

1. Sealed light emitting diode (LED) light module comprising at least:a base plate, comprising a printed circuit board (PCB) supporting at least one LED, and
a transparent or semi-transparent, single-piece cover including a first portion configured to transmit light from the at least one LED, a second portion around and extending laterally outward from the first portion, at least one base plate support descending from the second portion, and at least one sidewall spaced from the at least one base plate support and descending from the second portion such that the at least one base plate support and the at least one sidewall define opposing sides of a trench,
wherein the base plate is configured to be coupled to the cover to define an inner space between the base plate and the cover such that the LED is disposed in the inner space, and
wherein the trench holds a peripheral seal that interacts with at least one edge of the base plate and a surface of the cover within the trench to seal the inner space against the environment and to fix the base plate to the cover, and
wherein the peripheral seal comprises a molded, cast, or adhesive material.

US Pat. No. 10,139,097

SOLID-STATE LIGHT SOURCE HEAT DISSIPATION METAL SHELL AND LIGHT SOURCE ENGINE, THE MANUFACTURING METHODS THEREOF, AND MOLD

1. A solid-state light source heat dissipation metal shell, comprising a side wall the convection heat dissipation of the heat dissipation metal shell adopts a method of natural convection heat transfer, characterized in that:the heat dissipation metal shell includes a front shell, the side wall and the front shell are made of the same piece of metal plate, the middle of the front shell is provided with a contact heat-transfer surface directly or indirectly in contact with a solid-state light source, or
the heat dissipation metal shell includes a rear shell, the side wall and the rear shell are made of the same piece of metal plate, the middle of the rear shell is provided with a contact heat-transfer surface directly or indirectly in contact with a solid-state light source, or
the heat dissipation metal shell includes a rear shell and a front shell, a part of the side wall and the front shell are made of the same piece of metal plate, and a part of the side wall and the rear shell are made of the same piece of metal plate, the middles of the rear shell and the front shell are provided with contact heat-transfer surfaces directly or indirectly in contact with a solid-state light source,
the side wall is provided with a ventilation window with a louver type structure or a staggered structure, a cut line of the ventilation window adopts a structure along the axis direction of the heat dissipation metal shell.

US Pat. No. 10,139,094

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR ENCAPSULATING AND COOLING A SUBMERGED LUMINARY

11. A method of cooling a submerged light fixture, comprising:filling a light enclosure mounted on an upper platform with a sealing agent, wherein a light source mounted on the upper platform is incased in the sealing agent;
installing the light fixture on a pool wall;
filling the pool with a liquid, wherein the light fixture becomes submerged in the liquid;
flowing the liquid through the light fixture, wherein:
liquid flows through cover slots of the light enclosure into at least one tunnel defined by fins between an upper platform and a lower platform;
at least one tunnel passes directly underneath a light source mounted to the upper platform; and
the liquid is in fluid communication with the at least one tunnel and a pool.

US Pat. No. 10,139,092

LIGHTING ASSEMBLY

1. A lighting assembly comprising:a frame;
a power supply connector coupled to the frame at and along a first inner side of the frame, wherein the power supply connector is configured to receive a power from an external power supply;
a support coupled to the frame at and along a second inner side of the frame, wherein the first side is opposite to the second side;
a lighting module disposed between and coupled to the power supply connector and the support, wherein the lighting module is configured to receive the power from the power supply connector, and the lighting module has a lighting element embedded therein,
wherein the lighting module is physically supported by the support;
wherein the lighting module includes a connecting means support, two second electrical contacting means and a module body, wherein the connecting means support supports the two second electrical contacting means, wherein the connecting means support has two slide grooves defined therein to receive the two second electrical contacting means respectively, wherein when the two second electrical contacting means are pressure-engaged into the power supply connector, the two second electrical contacting means applies the elastic force to the power supply connector, wherein the second electrical contacting means is electrically coupled to the power supply connector to supply the power from the power supply connector to the module body, and wherein the module body is coupled to the connecting means support on one end thereof, and the module body includes light emitting means embedded therein.

US Pat. No. 10,139,091

LED LAMP WITH REARWARD EXTENDING HEATSINK

Soraa, Inc., Fremont, CA...

1. A lamp for replacing a standard light bulb having a standard electrical connector, said lamp having a front and rear orientation and comprising:a body containing at least one light emitting diode (LED);
an electrical connector for operatively providing power to said LED, said electrical connector being one of an Edison screw-type connector or a pin-type connector, said electrical connector being rearward of said body and defining a connection plane between said electrical connector and said body, said electrical connector being configured for electrical connection to an electrical interface; and
at least one heat sink in thermal communication with at least one of said LED or said driver, said at least one heat sink having a rearward portion extending rearward from said connection plane and enveloping at least a portion of said electrical connector.

US Pat. No. 10,139,090

RECHARGEABLE ILLUMINATING SHOES

1. An illuminating shoe for a user comprising:a shoe body having a sole, heel, tongue and toe;
a power supply;
a control processor in operable connection to the power supply, the control processor being programed to include a unique digital signature;
a mount coupled to an exterior of the shoe body;
at least one light releasably coupled to the mount, the mount configured to permit angling of the light relative to the shoe body to illuminate a forward area, the at least one light in operable connection with the control processor; and
a switch in operable connection with the control processor and at least one light, so as to regulate to operation and function of the at least one light;
wherein the control processor is configured to recognize and detect the proximity of other signatures remote from the user and respond with a programmed action upon recognition including at least one of a noise generation and a lighting pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,139,088

ENHANCED FIXTURE IN GRID OF FIRST VOLTAGE WITH STEP-DOWN POWER SUPPLY FOR ENERGIZING ANCILLARY DEVICE REQUIRING SECOND VOLTAGE

1. An enhanced array of light fixtures for providing both light and a desired non-light feature within an illuminated area of a structure, comprising:a first plurality of light fixtures that are adapted for emitting light;
a reduced plurality of enhanced light fixtures comprised of a subset of the first plurality of light fixtures which are adapted for emitting light and also for supporting a corresponding plurality of auxiliary non-light-emitting devices that require a different voltage and are adapted for providing a desired non-light feature within the illuminated area of the structure;
a grid of wires connected to each of the light fixtures in the first plurality of light fixtures, said grid of wires providing commercially available power having a first line voltage to each of the light fixtures;
the first plurality light fixtures comprised of a light emitting system that is connected to and receives the commercially available power having the first line voltage, the light emitting system thereby emitting light to provide light within the illuminated area of the structure; and
the second plurality of light fixtures each comprised of a power conversion unit that is also connected to and receives the commercially available power having the first line voltage, the power conversion unit converting the first line voltage to a second lower voltage and providing it to the non-light-emitting devices supported by the light fixture.

US Pat. No. 10,139,084

ASSEMBLY FIXTURE AND ASSEMBLY METHOD FOR BACKLIGHT MODULE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An assembly fixture for a backlight module comprising a set of optical elements and a back plate, wherein the set of optical elements comprise a protrusion structure located on a sidewall of the set of optical elements, and the back plate comprises a groove structure located in a sidewall of the back plate and matched with the protrusion structure; wherein the assembly fixture comprises:a first assembling disk for carrying the set of optical elements;
a second assembling disk for carrying the back plate;
a vision alignment system for acquiring a first coordinate information of the set of optical elements and a second coordinate information of the back plate located on the second assembling disk when the set of optical elements is located right above the vision alignment system, and calculating a fitting location coordinate information regarding the set of optical elements and the back plate depending on the first coordinate information and the second coordinate information, and sending the fitting location coordinate information to a manipulator; and
said manipulator for transferring the set of optical elements to right above of the vision alignment system, and aligning the set of optical elements with the back plate depending on the fitting location coordinate information, and embedding the protrusion structure of the set of optical elements into the groove structure of the back plate by a preset tilt angle, and then laying the set of optical elements on the back plate so that the set of optical elements and the back plate completely fit against each other,
wherein the vision alignment systems comprises a first vision alignment sub-system and a second vision alignment sub-system; the first vision alignment sub-system is congfigured to acquire the first coordinate information of the set of optical elements, and the second vision alignment sub-system is configured to acquire the second coordinate information of the back plate.