US Pat. No. 10,432,584

MANAGING LAME DELEGATED DOMAINS WITHIN A MANAGED DNS SERVICE

VERISIGN, INC., Reston, ...

1. A computer-implemented method for managing lame delegated domains, the method comprising:receiving, at a domain name system (DNS) service provider, a request to configure a domain name;
determining that the domain name is lame delegated to the DNS service provider;
transmitting, in response to the request, an identification of a name server associated with the DNS service provider, wherein the identification is to be added to a trusted registry associated with the domain name to verify ownership of the domain name; and
upon determining that the identification of the name server has been added to the trusted registry, determining that the request is associated with a rightful owner of the domain name.

US Pat. No. 10,432,558

SYNCHRONOUS CONFERENCING WITH AGGREGATION OF MESSAGES

International Business Ma...

1. A method for operating a synchronous conference on a computing system, the method comprising:providing, by one or more processors, at least one sequence of original messages to be sent from a sender user to a corresponding at least one receiver user via a network;
aggregating, by one or more processors, the original messages of each sequence into corresponding aggregated messages according to a time distance between each pair of consecutive original messages of said each sequence, wherein consecutive original messages that are within a predefined temporal proximity are aggregated as a pair;
adding, by one or more processors, each original message from the original messages to a current aggregated message, the current aggregated message being sent to said corresponding at least one receiver user in response to no further original message being provided within an aggregation time;
updating, by one or more processors, the aggregation time according to a measure of corresponding time distances;
calculating, by one or more processors, a running average of at least part of the corresponding time distances, and
updating, by one or more processors, the aggregation time according to the running average; and
sending, by one or more processors, aggregated messages to the corresponding at least one receiver user via the network, wherein the aggregated messages are exchanged in a synchronous conference between the sender user and the corresponding at least one receiver user, wherein the original messages are aggregated into the aggregated messages before being exchanged between the sender user and the corresponding at least one receiver user.

US Pat. No. 10,432,218

INTEGRATED PHYSICAL CODING SUBLAYER AND FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION IN NETWORKING APPLICATIONS

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:receiving data at a physical coding sublayer (PCS) transmit structure from a media access control (MAC) sublayer;
inserting one or more alignment markers in the data;
performing Forward Error Correction (FEC) encoding, in a first clock domain, on the one or more alignment markers and the data in the PCS transmit structure to generate FEC encoded data;
transmitting the FEC encoded data from the first clock domain with a first clock cycle to a second clock domain with a second clock cycle;
transmitting the FEC encoded data on one or more physical medium attachment (PMA) lanes to a PCS receive structure; and
performing FEC decoding, in the second clock domain, on the FEC encoded data in the PCS receive structure to generate FEC decoded data.

US Pat. No. 10,432,178

HYSTERESIS COMPARATOR

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A hysteresis comparator comprising:a hysteresis comparator circuit comprising:
two comparator legs each with a differential transistor and a load transistor;
wherein the differential transistors of the two comparator legs are connected to receive a comparator biasing current and are configured for variably dividing the comparator biasing current based on the relative levels of respective voltage signals applied to control terminals of the differential transistors of the two comparator legs; and
an output stage configured for developing an output voltage signal based on respective currents flowing through the load transistors of the two comparator legs, and
a hysteresis generating circuit configured for providing a hysteresis current, the hysteresis generating circuit selectively coupled to either one of the two comparator legs depending on a level of the output voltage signal, wherein a hysteresis voltage of the hysteresis comparator circuit is a function of the hysteresis current, and wherein the hysteresis generating circuit comprises:
two generator legs each with a differential transistor and a load transistor;
wherein the differential transistors of the two generator legs are coupled to receive a hysteresis biasing current and are configured for variably dividing the hysteresis biasing current based on differential voltage applied to the control terminals of the differential transistors of the generator legs, wherein the differential voltage corresponds to a hysteresis control voltage;
wherein one of the generator legs comprises an output node, at which the hysteresis current is provided, which is a function of the hysteresis control voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,432,177

CIRCUIT DEVICE, REAL-TIME CLOCKING DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, VEHICLE, AND VERIFICATION METHOD

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A circuit device comprising:an oscillation circuit configured to generate an oscillation signal for oscillating a resonator connected to the circuit device;
a clocking circuit configured to receive clock signals indicative of the oscillation signal and generate clocking data based on the oscillation signal, wherein the clocking data corresponds to real-time clock information indicating an elapsed time;
a verification data generation circuit configured to receive the clock signals and generate verification data for verifying the clocking data based on the oscillation signal; and
an interface circuit configured to receive the clocking data and the verification data and output the clocking data and the verification data.

US Pat. No. 10,432,176

RELAXATION OSCILLATORS WITH REDUCED ERRORS OR NO ERRORS IN OUTPUT FREQUENCIES CAUSED BY CHANGES IN TEMPERATURES AND/OR FABRICATION PROCESSES

SYNCMOS TECHNOLOGIES INTE...

1. A relaxation oscillator, the oscillator comprising:a reference generator;
a capacitor;
a first comparator;
a second comparator;
a latch;
a temperature compensation circuit; and
a current trimming circuit configured to generate a trimming current by dividing a first bias current into multiple parts;
wherein:
the reference generator is configured to generate the first bias current, a first bias voltage and a second bias voltage;
the capacitor is configured to be charged by a charging current to generate a charged voltage, the charging current being generated based on at least the first bias current;
the first comparator is configured to compare the charged voltage and the first bias voltage to generate a first comparison result;
the second comparator is configured to compare the charged voltage and the second bias voltage to generate a second comparison result;
the latch is configured to generate a clock signal based on at least the first comparison result and the second comparison result, the clock signal being configured to be used to control charging and discharging of the capacitor a frequency of the clock signal being an output frequency of the relaxation oscillator; and
the temperature compensation circuit is configured to detect a change in temperature and adjust bias currents of the first comparator and the second comparator based on at least the detected change in temperature, so that propagation delays of the first comparator and the second comparator remain stable and independent of the change in temperature;
wherein the capacitor is configured to be charged by the charging current generated based on at least the trimming current.

US Pat. No. 10,432,175

LOW QUIESCENT CURRENT LOAD SWITCH

Texas Instruments Incorpo...

1. A load switch circuit comprising:a transistor including a gate, a source, and a drain;
a transconductor connected to the gate of the transistor;
a comparator connected to an input of the transconductor; and
a resistor including a first terminal and a second terminal, the first terminal connected to the gate of the transistor and the second terminal connected to at least one of a charge pump or ground,
wherein the comparator is configured to disable the transconductor when a voltage of the transistor gate reaches a charge pump voltage of the charge pump.

US Pat. No. 10,432,174

CLOSED LOOP FEEDBACK CONTROL OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A method, comprising:adjusting a body bias voltage applied to a body of an integrated circuit to cause a measured value of an operating indicator of the integrated circuit to approach a desired value of the operating indicator;
wherein the body is electrically isolated from one or more electrical components disposed within the body.

US Pat. No. 10,432,172

BULK ACOUSTIC FILTER DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A bulk acoustic filter device, comprising:a substrate comprising a through hole formed by a first recess and a second recess adjacent to the first recess;
a membrane layer forming a cavity with the substrate;
a filter comprising a lower electrode disposed on the membrane layer, a piezoelectric layer disposed to cover a portion of the lower electrode, and an upper electrode formed to cover a portion of the piezoelectric layer; and
an electrode connecting member disposed in the substrate, and connected to either one of the lower electrode and the upper electrode,
wherein the electrode connecting member comprises an insertion electrode disposed in the first recess, and a via electrode connected to the insertion electrode, and disposed on an inner peripheral surface of the second recess and a surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,432,171

RADIO-FREQUENCY MODULE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A radio-frequency module comprising:a filter that is connected at one end to an input terminal and at another end to an output terminal; and
an amplifier that is connected at one end to the output terminal and at another end to the another end of the filter; wherein
the filter includes first and second filter portions, the first filter portion being disposed on a signal line electrically connecting the input terminal and the output terminal, the second filter portion being connected between the signal line and a ground;
each of the first and second filter portions includes a surface acoustic wave resonator including an IDT electrode provided on a piezoelectric substrate;
the IDT electrode includes a first busbar, a second busbar, a plurality of first electrode fingers, and a plurality of second electrode fingers, the second busbar opposing the first busbar, the plurality of first electrode fingers extending from the first busbar toward the second busbar so as not to reach the second busbar, the plurality of second electrode fingers extending from the second busbar toward the first busbar so as not to reach the first busbar, the plurality of second electrode fingers being disposed between the plurality of first electrode fingers in an interdigitated manner; and
in the surface acoustic wave resonator of the second filter portion, at least some of the first and second electrode fingers are electrically connected to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,432,170

ACOUSTIC WAVE FILTER DEVICE

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. An acoustic wave filter device, comprising:a filter disposed on a substrate;
a wall member disposed on the substrate and surrounding the filter;
a cap member disposed on the wall member and bounding an internal space with the wall member; and
a support member disposed on the cap member,
wherein the support member is disposed above the internal space and comprises a bump disposed on the cap member, and
wherein the support member is exposed through a passivation layer disposed on the cap member.

US Pat. No. 10,432,169

BONDED BODY AND ELASTIC WAVE ELEMENT

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Na...

1. A bonded body comprising:a supporting body comprising a ceramic;
a bonding layer provided over a surface of said supporting body and comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of mullite, alumina, tantalum pentoxide, titanium oxide and niobium pentoxide;
a piezoelectric single crystal substrate bonded with said bonding layer; and
an intermediate layer between said piezoelectric single crystal substrate and said bonding layer, said intermediate layer comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of mullite, alumina, tantalum pent oxide, titanium oxide and niobium pentoxide,
wherein said surface of said supporting body has an arithmetic average roughness Ra of 0.5 nm or larger and 5.0 nm or smaller, and
wherein a surface of said bonding layer and a surface of said intermediate layer are bonded.

US Pat. No. 10,432,168

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR QUARTZ WAFER BONDING

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

26. A method for bonding a quartz wafer package, comprising:bonding a first quartz wafer to a second quartz wafer using a bonding layer disposed in between the first and second quartz wafers to form the quartz wafer package, wherein the bonding layer comprises a liquid crystal polymer (LCP) material, wherein bonding comprises:
purging a chamber of a wafer bonder tool that contains the quartz wafer package;
ramping to a first temperature over a desired time period inside the chamber;
dwelling at the first temperature for a desired time period;
ramping to a second temperature, which is higher than the first temperature, over a desired time period inside the chamber;
applying a first force to the quartz wafer package using a top plate of the wafer bonder tool;
dwelling at the second temperature and first force for a desired time period;
cooling to a third temperature over a desired time period inside the chamber;
removing the first force from the quartz wafer package;
cooling to a fourth temperature over a desired time period inside the chamber; and
cooling to a fifth temperature over a desired time period inside the chamber, wherein each of the first quartz wafer and the second quartz wafer comprises at least one cavity, and wherein at least three interdigitated structures are disposed with the at least one cavity of each of the first quartz wafer and the second quartz wafer.

US Pat. No. 10,432,166

PIEZOELECTRIC THIN FILM RESONATOR, FILTER, AND MULTIPLEXER

TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD., T...

11. A multiplexer comprising:a filter including a piezoelectric thin film resonator, wherein
the piezoelectric thin film resonator includes:
a substrate;
a piezoelectric film located on the substrate;
a lower electrode and an upper electrode facing each other across at least a part of the piezoelectric film;
a first insertion layer located between the lower electrode and the upper electrode and located in at least a part of an outer peripheral region within a resonance region in which the lower electrode and the upper electrode face each other across the piezoelectric film, the first insertion layer being not located in a center region of the resonance region; and
a second insertion layer located between the lower electrode and the upper electrode and located in at least a part of the outer peripheral region within the resonance region, the second insertion layer being not located in the center region of the resonance region, a position of an inner edge of the second insertion layer in the resonance region being different from a position of an inner edge of the first insertion film in the resonance region in a plan view,
wherein the first insertion layer and the second insertion layer have different acoustic impedances.

US Pat. No. 10,432,165

BALANCED/UNBALANCED CONVERTER

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A balanced/unbalanced converter comprising:an element assembly;
a first strip line disposed in the element assembly;
a second strip line disposed in the element assembly;
a third strip line disposed in the element assembly and electromagnetically coupled with the first strip line;
a fourth strip line disposed in the element assembly and electromagnetically coupled with the second strip line;
an unbalanced terminal disposed on an outer surface of the element assembly and electrically connected to one end of the first strip line; and
an open terminal disposed on the outer surface of the element assembly and electrically connected to one end of the second strip line,
wherein another end of the first strip line and another end of the second strip line are electrically connected,
the first strip line includes a spiral first conductor,
the second strip line includes a spiral second conductor,
an outer circumferential end of the first conductor is electrically connected to the unbalanced terminal, and
an outer circumferential end of the second conductor is electrically connected to the open terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,163

VARIABLE FILTER CIRCUIT, HIGH FREQUENCY MODULE CIRCUIT, AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A variable filter circuit comprising:a plurality of serial arms, a first serial arm including a plurality of circuit elements that are connected in series with respect to a signal path; and
a first parallel arm including a plurality of circuit elements that are connected between the signal path and ground,
wherein the first serial arm and the first parallel arm each includes:
a variable reactance element;
a series reactance element connected in series to the variable reactance element and that resonates with the variable reactance element; and
a parallel reactance element connected in parallel to the variable reactance element and that resonates with the variable reactance element,
wherein, in each of the first serial arm and the first parallel arm, a frequency at which the variable reactance element and the parallel reactance element resonate is lower than a frequency at which the variable reactance element and the series reactance element resonate, and
wherein at least one of the plurality of serial arms is connected on each side of the first parallel arm.

US Pat. No. 10,432,162

ACOUSTIC RESONATOR INCLUDING MONOLITHIC PIEZOELECTRIC LAYER HAVING OPPOSITE POLARITIES

Avago Technologies Intern...

1. A method of forming a bulk acoustic wave (BAW) resonator, comprising:depositing a first electrode layer over a resonator substrate and an acoustic reflector;
depositing a piezoelectric layer on the first electrode layer during a continuous deposition sequence, wherein depositing the piezoelectric layer comprises:
sputtering aluminum nitride (AlN) on the first electrode layer inside a reaction chamber having a gas atmosphere for a first period of time corresponding to the continuous deposition sequence, the gas atmosphere comprising nitrogen (N2) gas and argon (Ar) gas, causing growth of the piezoelectric layer with a polarity in a negative direction; and
adding a predetermined amount of oxygen gas, comprising oxygen (O2) gas or ozone (O3) gas, to the gas atmosphere over a predetermined second period of time, less than the first period of time, while continuing the sputtering of the aluminum nitride (AlN) onto the first electrode layer while adding the predetermined amount of oxygen gas and during a remainder of the continuous deposition sequence after the predetermined second period of time, such that the piezoelectric layer is monolithic, wherein the predetermined amount of oxygen gas causes the polarity of the piezoelectric layer to invert from the negative direction to a positive direction, opposite the negative direction, for the remainder of the continuous deposition sequence, and wherein the polarity in the negative direction is directed substantially toward the first electrode layer, and the polarity in the positive direction is directed substantially away from the first electrode layer; and
depositing a second electrode layer over the piezoelectric layer,
wherein the predetermined amount of oxygen gas added to the gas atmosphere is in a range from about 50 micromoles to about 5 millimoles, and wherein the predetermined second period of time is in a range from about one (1) second to about sixty (60) seconds.

US Pat. No. 10,432,161

BAND-PASS FILTER

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A band-pass filter comprising:a main body formed of a dielectric;
a first input/output port and a second input/output port integrated with the main body;
a plurality of resonators provided within the main body, and located between the first input/output port and the second input/output port in circuit configuration;
a shield formed of a conductor and integrated with the main body; and
a partition formed of a conductor, provided within the main body, and electrically connected to the shield, wherein
the shield includes a first portion and a second portion spaced from each other in a first direction, and a connecting portion connecting the first and second portions,
the first portion, the second portion and the connecting portion are arranged to surround the plurality of resonators,
the plurality of resonators include a first resonator and a second resonator,
the first resonator includes a first resonator conductor portion formed of a conductor,
the second resonator includes a second resonator conductor portion formed of a conductor,
each of the first and second resonator conductor portions is shaped to be elongated in a direction intersecting the first direction, and has a first end and a second end opposite to each other in a longitudinal direction of the resonator conductor portion,
the first end is connected to a ground,
the second end is open, and
the partition extends in a direction intersecting the longitudinal direction of each of the first and second resonator conductor portions such that at least part of the partition passes through between the first and second resonator conductor portions, and is in contact with the first portion and the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,432,160

CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT, MOBILE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR AMPLIFYING A SIGNAL

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A circuit arrangement, comprising:at least one amplifier circuit configured to amplify a received signal comprising a first signal received in a first time interval and a second signal received in a second time interval, wherein the first signal or the second signal is sent by one coherent wireless signal source and the other of the first or the second signal is sent by at least two coherent wireless signal sources; and
at least one gain control circuit connected to the at least one amplifier circuit and configured to
determine a first expected received signal strength of the first signal;
determine a second expected received signal strength of the second signal;
determine a gain level based on the first and second expected received signal strengths;
wherein the at least one amplifier circuit is configured to amplify the first signal using the determined gain level and to amplify the second signal using the determined gain level.

US Pat. No. 10,432,158

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR A CHOPPER INSTRUMENTATION AMPLIFIER

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An instrumentation amplifier comprising:a pair of input terminals;
first and second intermediate nodes;
an output terminal;
a first amplifying stage coupled between the pair of input terminals and the first intermediate node, the first amplifying stage comprises a first chopper amplifier;
a second amplifying stage coupled between the first intermediate node and the second intermediate node, the second amplifying stage comprises a second chopper amplifier; and
a third amplifying stage coupled between the second intermediate node and the output terminal, the third amplifying stage comprises a non-chopper amplifier;
wherein a gain of the first amplifying stage is greater than a gain of the third amplifying stage and a gain of the second amplifying stage is greater than the gain of the third amplifying stage,
wherein the pair of input terminals comprises a first input terminal and a second input terminal, and
wherein the first chopper amplifier comprises a first sub-chopper amplifier and a second sub-chopper amplifier, the first sub-chopper amplifier being coupled to the first input terminal, and the second sub-chopper amplifier being coupled to the second input terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,156

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPO...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a first differential amplifying unit that includes a first pair of P-channel differential transistors in which one and the other of differential input signals are applied to the respective gates and the voltage of a first node changed in accordance with the voltage range of the differential input signals is applied to each source, and that amplifies the differential input signals in the case where the differential input signals indicate a first voltage range;
a second differential amplifying unit that includes a second pair of P-channel differential transistors in which one and the other of the differential input signals are applied to the respective gates and the voltage of the first node is applied to each source, and that amplifies the differential input signals in the case where the differential input signals indicate a second voltage range higher than the first voltage range;
a first protection unit that conducts between each source and each drain of the first and second pairs of differential transistors in the case where the differential input signals indicate a third voltage range higher than the first and second voltage ranges;
a third differential amplifying unit that includes a third pair of N-channel differential transistors in which one and the other of the differential input signals are applied to the respective gates and the voltage of a second node changed in accordance with the voltage range of the differential input signals is applied to each source, and that amplifies the differential input signals in the case where the differential input signals indicate a fourth voltage range;
a fourth differential amplifying unit that includes a fourth pair of N-channel differential transistors in which one and the other of the differential input signals are applied to the respective gates and the voltage of the second node is applied to each source, and that amplifies the differential input signals in the case where the differential input signals indicate a fifth voltage range lower than the fourth voltage range;
a second protection unit that conducts between each source and each drain of the third and fourth pairs of differential transistors in the case where the differential input signals indicate a sixth voltage range lower than the fourth and fifth voltage ranges; and
a synthesis circuit that generates differential output signals by synthesizing amplification results obtained by the first to fourth differential amplifying units.

US Pat. No. 10,432,154

REGULATION OF AN RF AMPLIFIER

STMicroelectronics SA, M...

1. A radio frequency (RF) amplifier comprising:an input terminal;
an output terminal;
a power supply and biasing stage comprising a first amplifier having an output coupled to the input terminal, and a second amplifier having an output coupled to a current source; and
an amplification stage comprising a first transistor having a control terminal coupled to the input terminal and a first conduction terminal coupled to the output terminal, wherein the power supply and biasing stage is configured to generate a bias voltage at the control terminal of the first transistor to simultaneously regulate a power supply voltage of the amplification stage to a first voltage and a bias current of the amplification stage to a first current, wherein the first amplifier is configured to regulate the first conduction terminal of the first transistor to the first voltage, the first amplifier configured to provide, at the output of the first amplifier, the bias voltage, wherein the second amplifier is configured to regulate the bias current to the first current.

US Pat. No. 10,432,153

BIASING METHOD WITHOUT USING THERMAL COMPENSATION APPLICABLE FOR BOTH CLASS-A AND CLASS-AB AUDIO POWER AMPLIFIER

1. A biasing circuit which provides biasing voltage for typical solid state output stage formed by complimentary Emitter Follower (hereinafter EF), complimentary Source Follower (hereinafter SF), or Complimentary Feedback Pair (hereinafter CFP), in an audio frequency power amplifier to establish stable biasing current comprising:a current sensing circuit which tracks the instantaneous conducting current in the complimentary power devices of said complimentary output stage and generates a complimentary voltage output pair with each voltage value corresponding to said output device current under tracking, respectively; wherein and hereinafter said complimentary device or voltage pair refers to the conjugative device pair of N and P type semiconductor devices or the conjugative voltage pair with one related to N type device and the other related to P type device, respectively;
a complimentary voltage reference generator which generates a complimentary reference voltage pair which pairs with aforementioned complimentary voltage output pair to form a complimentary differential voltage pair to be used as the input of the complimentary differential amplifier mentioned hereinafter,
a complimentary differential amplifier which takes aforementioned complimentary differential voltage pair as its input and generates an amplified differential output voltage which is only sensitive and related to the quiescent biasing current despite of the instant operation condition of the output transistor devices; wherein said complimentary differential amplifier contains only one amplification stage and said differential output voltage directly forms the input to the voltage multiplier mentioned hereinafter;
a voltage multiplier which takes said voltage output of aforementioned complimentary differential amplifier as its input and generates an amplified output voltage which forms the biasing voltage and hence determines the quiescent biasing current of aforementioned complimentary output stage devices;
a negative feedback scheme/loop which is formed through the connection of aforementioned current-to-voltage conversion circuit, complimentary reference voltage pair, complimentary differential amplifier, voltage multiplier and output devices; through which a desired quiescent biasing current is established and maintained in said complimentary output devices; wherein said feedback scheme/loop is constructed as described in following: said complimentary voltage output pair of said current sensing circuit and said complimentary reference voltage pair of said complimentary voltage reference generator form a complimentary differential input voltage pair which is connected to said input nodes of said complimentary differential amplifier; said differential output voltage nodes of said complimentary differential amplifier are connected to said input nodes of said voltage multiplier; said output nodes of said voltage multiplier are connected to the input nodes of said complimentary output power stage; through the formation of said feedback scheme/loop, the polarity of each connection is constructed in a way that only a negative (other than positive) feedback is formed within the entire loop when quiescent biasing current on output stage is considered as the variable in the feedback system.

US Pat. No. 10,432,152

RF AMPLIFIER OUTPUT CIRCUIT DEVICE WITH INTEGRATED CURRENT PATH, AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE THEREOF

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A device comprising:first and second parallel opposed surfaces;
first and second parallel opposed sides extending between the first and second surfaces;
a first ceramic capacitor formed from a first stack that includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and at least one first ceramic layer between the first and second electrodes, wherein the at least one first ceramic layer is formed from a first ceramic material that has a first quality factor, and wherein the first and second electrodes are parallel with the first and second surfaces of the device;
a second ceramic capacitor formed from a second stack that includes a third electrode, a fourth electrode, and at least one second ceramic layer between the third and fourth electrodes, wherein the at least one second ceramic layer is formed from a second ceramic material that has a second quality factor, wherein the second quality factor is higher than the first quality factor, and wherein the third and fourth electrodes are parallel with the first and second surfaces of the device;
a conductive current path structure that includes a lateral conductor, a first vertical conductor proximate to the first side of the device, and a second vertical conductor proximate to the second side of the device, wherein the lateral conductor is parallel with the first and second surfaces of the device, and is located between the first and second ceramic layers, the first vertical conductor extends from a first end of the lateral conductor to the first surface of the device, and the second vertical conductor extends from a second end of the lateral conductor to the first surface of the device; and
one or more additional passive components integrally formed with the device, and electrically connected between the first and third electrodes, wherein the first and second ceramic materials, the first, second, third, and fourth electrodes, the lateral conductor, and the one or more additional passive components are co-fired together to form a monolithic device.

US Pat. No. 10,432,151

AUDIO AMPLIFIERS

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

18. An audio driving circuit for receiving an input audio signal and an output for outputting an audio driving signal, the audio driving circuit comprising:an amplifier;
a pre-distortion module operable to apply an adaptive non-linear distortion function to the input audio signal;
an error block for determining a first error signal indicative of any error between the input audio signal and the audio driving signal based on a feedback signal of the voltage of the audio driving signal, wherein an analogue-to-digital conversion module is provided for receiving an analogue feedback signal derived from the audio driving signal and outputting a corresponding digital signal as a second signal, and wherein the analogue-to-digital conversion module comprises an analogue-to-digital converter (ADC) and an analogue gain element configured to apply analogue gain to the analogue feedback signal before the ADC the analogue gain element configured to apply said analogue gain to so as to limit the input to the ADC to lie within a first predetermined voltage range that corresponds to a linear operating range of the ADC;
wherein the pre-distortion module comprises a controller for adapting the non-linear distortion function applied based on the first error signal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,150

REDUCING AUDIO ARTIFACTS IN AN AMPLIFIER DURING CHANGES IN POWER STATES

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. An apparatus comprising:a digital-to-analog converter configured to convert a digital audio input signal into a differential analog input signal with a substantially non-zero common-mode voltage;
an amplifier configured to receive the differential analog input signal and generate at an amplifier output a ground-centered output signal from the differential analog input signal;
a clamp configured to selectively couple and decouple the amplifier output to a ground voltage; and
a controller configured to:
control the clamp to selectively couple and decouple the amplifier output to a ground voltage responsive to transitions between power states of a device comprising the apparatus; and
control the differential analog input signal generated by the digital-to-analog converter in order to minimize a level transition current through an output load coupled to the amplifier output during transitions between the power states.

US Pat. No. 10,432,147

INVERTED THREE-STAGE DOHERTY AMPLIFIER

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC DEVICE ...

1. An inverted three-stage Doherty amplifier that outputs an amplified signal by receiving an input signal, comprising:an input power divider that receives the input signal and outputs three divided signals, where one of the three divided signals has a phase delayed by it ?/2 from phases of the rest of the three divided signals;
a carrier amplifier including an offset transmission line, the carrier amplifier receiving one of the rest of the three divided signals;
first and second peak amplifiers each including offset transmission lines, the first peak amplifier receiving another of the rest of the three divided signals, the second peak amplifier receiving the one of the three divided signals, the offset transmission line in the carrier amplifier and the offset transmission lines in the first and second peak amplifiers converting output impedances thereof to be short-circuits when the carrier amplifier and the first and second peak amplifiers are turned off; and
an output combiner that combines outputs of the carrier amplifier and the first and second peak amplifiers, the output combiner including,
a first quarter-wavelength line connected with the carrier amplifier,
a second quarter-wavelength line connected with the first peak amplifier,
a third quarter-wavelength line connected with the second peak amplifier,
a fourth quarter-wavelength line connected with the first quarter-wavelength line and the second quarter-wavelength line, the fourth quarter-wavelength line combining an output of the carrier amplifier provided through the first quarter-wavelength line with an output of the first peak amplifier provided through the second quarter-wavelength line, and
a fifth quarter-wavelength line connected with the third quarter-wavelength line and the fourth quarter-wavelength line, the fifth quarter-wavelength line combining an output of the second peak amplifier provided through the third quarter-wavelength line with a combined output of the carrier amplifier and the first peak amplifier provided through the fourth quarter-wavelength line; and outputting a combined output of the carrier amplifier and the first and second peak amplifiers,
wherein the first peak amplifier has a size greater than a size of the carrier amplifier; and
wherein the second peak amplifier has a size greater than the size of the first peak amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,432,146

POWER AMPLIFIER, POWER AMPLIFICATION METHOD, AND POWER AMPLIFICATION CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

6. An apparatus comprising:a power amplifier, the power amplifier comprising n Doherty power amplifiers, wherein n?2 and n is an integer, wherein each of then Doherty power amplifiers comprises one input end and one output end;
a processor of a signal control system, the signal control system configured to provide n input signals to the power amplifier; and
a computer-readable storage medium storing a program to be executed by the processor, the program including instructions for:
determining, according to a working mode of the power amplifier, a power threshold corresponding to the power amplifier;
adjusting, when power levels of the n input signals reach the power threshold, the n input signals to n non-outphasing input signals or n outphasing input signals; and
controlling a transceiver to send the n adjusted input signals separately to the input ends of the Doherty power amplifiers.

US Pat. No. 10,432,144

HIGH-FREQUENCY PHASE-LOCKED OSCILLATION CIRCUIT

National Institute of Adv...

1. A high-frequency phase-locked oscillation circuit comprising:a magnetoresistive element that oscillates a high-frequency wave with an oscillating frequency fout;
a reference signal source that outputs a reference signal with a reference frequency fref; and
a phase-locked loop circuit having a phase comparator, a loop filter, and a frequency divider,
wherein the high-frequency phase-locked oscillation circuit further includes:
an adder that adds a voltage A output from the loop filter and corresponding to a phase error signal and a bias voltage B for oscillating the high-frequency wave from the magnetoresistive element, and that inputs an added bias voltage (A+B) to the magnetoresistive element; and
a filter provided between the frequency divider and the magnetoresistive element, the filter cutting off the reference frequency L while allowing the oscillating frequency fout to pass through the filter.

US Pat. No. 10,432,142

VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR WITH TUNABLE INDUCTOR AND CAPACITOR

Oracle International Corp...

1. A circuit comprising:a variable capacitance bank comprising one or more capacitors;
a transformer having a first winding and a second winding, wherein the first winding and the variable capacitance bank are arranged to form an inductive-capacitive (LC) tank circuit of a voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO);
a current control circuit coupled to the second winding, wherein the current control circuit is configured to vary an effective inductance of the first winding by controlling an amount of current flowing through the second winding; and
a reference current circuit coupled to inject a current into a center tap of the first winding;
wherein a frequency of a signal generated by the VCO is adjustable by adjusting the effective inductance of the first winding.

US Pat. No. 10,432,141

MULTIMODE VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A circuit comprising:a voltage controlled oscillator comprising one or more inductors, one or more capacitors, and at least two cross coupled transistors;
a first transistor having an opposite device type than the cross coupled transistors;
a second transistor having the opposite device type than the cross coupled transistors;
first and second capacitive attenuator circuits, the first capacitive attenuator circuit including a first capacitor series coupled with a second capacitor, the second capacitive attenuator circuit include a third capacitor series coupled with a fourth capacitor, wherein the first transistor is cross coupled to the second transistor through the first capacitor of the first capacitive attenuator circuit and the second transistor is cross coupled to the first transistor through the third transistor of the second capacitive attenuator circuit; and
a first circuit coupling the second capacitor of the first capacitive attenuator circuit to the fourth capacitor of the second attenuator circuit exclusive of the cross couplings between the first transistor and the second transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,432,140

METHOD FOR TESTING A CONCENTRATED PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE

Saint-Augustin Canada Ele...

1. A method for testing a concentrated photovoltaic module comprising a plurality of sub-modules, each comprising a plurality of assemblies of a photovoltaic cell and a concentrator arranged relative to the cell to concentrate toward the cell radiation arriving in normal incidence, wherein:a plurality of almost collimated light beams is obtained by reflecting light originating from each light source of a plurality of light sources by a parabolic mirror, a plurality of light sources being coupled to respective parabolic mirrors and each light source and the corresponding parabolic mirror being oriented relative to each other,
the plurality of almost collimated light beams is sent toward the module by means of the plurality of light sources coupled to the respective parabolic mirrors, each light source comprising a lamp adapted to emit a light pulse and a supply device adapted to electrically supply the lamp, each light source having a turn-on delay between triggering of the supply device and emission of the pulse by the lamp, the delay being particular to each respective light source,
the supply device of each lamp is triggered at a respective instant determined as a function of the turn-on delay of the lamp such that the pulses of all of the lamps are simultaneously emitted and simultaneously received by the sub-modules, and
the response of the module is measured during the simultaneous pulses,
wherein the turn-on delay of each lamp is previously determined by measuring the triggering instant of the supply device and the instant of the pulse, the turn-on delay being determined as being equal to the difference between the instant of the pulse and the triggering instant.

US Pat. No. 10,432,138

BRACKET FOR CONNECTION OF A JUNCTION BOX TO PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS

Solaredge Technologies Lt...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a junction box including a direct-current-to-direct-current converter or a direct-current-to-alternating-current converter;
a fastener configured to extend between at least two photovoltaic panels;
a bracket connected to the fastener, wherein the bracket is configured to attach to the junction box, wherein the junction box is configured to electrically connect the at least two photovoltaic panels; and
wherein the fastener and the bracket are configured to clamp at least one of the at least two photovoltaic panels.

US Pat. No. 10,432,137

SOLAR ENERGY COLLECTOR AND METHOD OF OPERATION

1. A solar energy system comprising:a sphere having upper and lower hemispheres, the upper hemisphere comprising a plurality of hemispherical protrusions disposed on an inner surface of the upper hemisphere, the lower hemisphere comprising a mirrored coating disposed on an inner surface of the lower hemisphere, the upper and lower hemispheres being joined at a midline region;
a component support frame extending into an interior portion of the sphere proximate the midline region, the component support frame having upper and lower mounting surfaces;
an upper solar panel comprising a first plurality of solar cells mounted to the upper mounting surface of the component support frame in the interior portion of the sphere and having an active surface directed toward the upper hemisphere; and
a lower solar panel comprising a second plurality of solar cells mounted to the lower mounting surface of the component support frame in the interior portion of the sphere and having an active surface directed toward the lower hemisphere.

US Pat. No. 10,432,136

INSTALLATION ASSEMBLY FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULE AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME

AMBIT MICROSYSTEMS (SHANG...

1. An installation assembly for a photovoltaic module, the installation assembly comprising:a base plate comprising a connecting portion, a fixing portion, an inclined portion, and a leg;
a pressing block comprising a pressing portion, a supporting portion, and a sliding portion, the sliding portion movably connected to the base plate;
an elastic member located between the connecting portion and the supporting portion; and
a connecting member sequentially passing through the pressing block, the elastic member, and the base plate, the pressing block, the elastic member, and the base plate positioned between two ends of the connecting member; and
wherein the fixing portion and the inclined portion are positioned at opposite ends of the connecting portion, the leg and the connecting portion are located at opposite ends of the inclined portion, and a bottom of the leg and the connecting portion are located on a same plane.

US Pat. No. 10,432,135

SOLAR ROOF TILE SYSTEM

Sigma Energy Systems GmbH...

1. A solar roof plate system for installing on an inclined surface of a roof having a ridge and/or an eave, comprising:two or more roof plates, each of said roof plates comprising an upper side and a lower side, said upper side of each of said roof plates capable of receiving a solar module extending over said upper side so as to fasten said solar module to said upper side; and
a profile rail capable of interconnecting said two or more roof plates, said profile rail comprises at least one roof plate receptacle for receiving at least one of said two or more roof plates, said at least one roof plate receptacle comprises a profile clamp and at least one of said two or more roof plates comprises a clamp section capable of being gripped by said profile clamp, and said profile rail comprises at least one of a module receptacle for receiving an edge of said solar module facing the ridge and/or the eave of the roof.

US Pat. No. 10,432,134

SUPPORT STRUCTURE FOR SOLAR MODULE

DOW GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES L...

1. A solar module comprising:a. an active portion that supports one or more photovoltaic elements; and
b. a support portion formed integrally with the active portion such that the support portion and the active portion are oriented in a plane, the support portion comprising an intermediate portion and an overlap portion,
 wherein the support portion and the active portion each comprise:
i. an upper surface,
ii. a lower surface,
iii. or both;
wherein the upper surface or the lower surface of the support portion includes:
a plurality of reinforcement ribs, wherein the plurality of reinforcement ribs are a series of interconnected closed patterns, a plurality of partially interconnected closed patterns, or a combination thereof so that a series of reinforcement ribs substantially cover the support portion; and
wherein:
A. the intermediate portion is positioned between the overlap portion and the active portion and acts as a structural interface between the active portion and the overlap portion, and wherein the intermediate portion includes one or more gate locations;
B. the plurality of reinforcement ribs extend at an angle along the support portion so that an effective modulus of the support portion along a width direction is substantially equal to an effective modulus of the support portion along a length direction; and
C. the active portion has a length that is measured from an edge proximate to the intermediate portion to an opposing edge of the active portion, the support portion having a length that is measured from an edge of the intermediate portion proximate to the active portion to an opposing edge of the overlap portion, and the length of the overlap portion plus the intermediate portion is substantially the same as or greater than the length of the active portion.

US Pat. No. 10,432,133

CLAMPS FOR SOLAR SYSTEMS

SUNPOWER CORPORATION, Sa...

15. A method of assembling an array of solar modules, the method comprising:forming an array of solar modules;
snapping a plurality of skirt clips to frames of the solar modules; and
snapping skirt segments to the plurality of skirt clips to couple the skirt segments to the solar modules,
wherein each of the skirt clips includes an upper member having a first end that connects to a corresponding frame of the solar modules and a second end that connects to a corresponding skirt segment, a lower member having a first end that connects to the corresponding frame of the solar modules and a second end that connects to the corresponding skirt segment, and a connecting member extending from the first end of the upper member to the second end of the lower member, the upper member being parallel to the lower member.

US Pat. No. 10,432,132

SOLAR MOUNTING SYSTEM HAVING AUTOMATIC GROUNDING AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

RBI Solar, Inc., Cincinn...

1. A solar mounting system, comprising:at least one solar panel including at least one photovoltaic cell and a panel frame manufactured from a conductive material and supporting the at least one photovoltaic cell; and
a support structure including a plurality of support members configured to support the at least one solar panel above a base surface and at least one elongated support rail supported by at least one of the plurality of support members and including a grounding structure defining a raised edge formed from material of the at least one elongated support rail, wherein the at least one elongated support rail includes a first supporting surface extending along a plane, with the at least one elongated support rail defining a thickness at the first supporting surface, and the raised edge projects outwardly from the first supporting surface of the at least one elongated support rail such that the raised edge extends in a direction perpendicular to the plane an additional height above the thickness of the at least one elongated support rail and towards the at least one solar panel,
wherein when the at least one solar panel is secured with the at least one elongated support rail with the panel frame abutting the first supporting surface, the raised edge of the grounding structure on the at least one elongated support rail embeds into the panel frame as a result of projecting the additional height above the thickness of the at least one elongated support rail, thereby to provide direct electrical contact with the conductive material of the panel frame to ground the at least one solar panel.

US Pat. No. 10,432,131

MOTOR DRIVE APPARATUS AND AIR CONDITIONER

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A motor drive apparatus comprising the same number of inverter modules as the number of phases of a motor, the inverter modules each including: a plurality of switching element pairs each having a switching element for an upper arm and a switching element for a lower arm connected in series; a lower arm gate drive circuit to drive the switching elements for the lower arm; power ground terminals of the switching elements for the lower arm; and a control ground terminal of the lower arm gate drive circuit, whereina surge suppression element to suppress a surge voltage generated at the time of switching of the switching elements is connected between the power ground terminals and the control ground terminal of the inverter module,
the surge suppression element is connected between a first single connection point (N1) at which the plurality of power ground terminals of the inverter module are connected to each other, and the control ground terminal of the inverter module, and
a second single connection point (N2) at which the first single connection points (N1) of each of the inverter modules and the control ground terminals of each of the inverter modules are connected to each other by wiring outside the inverter modules is provided.

US Pat. No. 10,432,129

AC ROTARY MACHINE CONTROL DEVICE AND ELECTRIC POWER STEERING DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An AC rotary machine control device comprising:at least one inverter that applies voltage to three phase windings which an AC rotary machine has, and a controller that controls the at least one inverter,
wherein m (m is a natural number) sets of the three phase windings and the inverters are provided for the one AC rotary machine,
wherein the controller is provided with
a voltage command calculator that, for each set of the m sets, calculates three phase voltage commands which are voltage commands to respective phases of the three phase windings; and
an inverter controller that, for each set, controls on/off of a plurality of switching devices which the inverter has, based on a DC voltage supplied to the inverter and the three phase voltage commands,
wherein the voltage command calculator is provided with
a basic command calculator that, for each set, calculates three phase basic voltage commands which are basic values of the three phase voltage commands; and
a voltage command correction calculator that calculates the final three phase voltage commands by correcting the three phase basic voltage commands, and
wherein the voltage command correction calculator, for each set, determines a basic voltage command of a phase which becomes a middle voltage among the three phase basic voltage commands, as a middle voltage command; and performs middle voltage offset processing that adds an offset value, which is set to a positive value, to the middle voltage command, when the middle voltage command is larger than vibration center voltage, and subtracts the offset value from the middle voltage command, when the middle voltage command is smaller than the vibration center voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,432,128

FREQUENCY CONVERTER

Schmidhauser AG, Romansh...

1. A frequency converter for generating at least one frequency converter output voltage which is a phase voltage of an electric motor, wherein the at least one frequency converter output voltage has a frequency converter output voltage amplitude and a frequency converter output voltage frequency, the frequency converter output voltage amplitude determines a torque produced by the electric motor, and the frequency converter output voltage frequency determines a rotational speed of the electric motor, the frequency converter comprising:a clocked DC/DC converter which is designed to generate from an input direct voltage comprising an input voltage level a DC/DC converter output voltage having a DC/DC converter output voltage level, wherein the clocked DC/DC converter is designed to generate the DC/DC converter output voltage level based on a predetermined frequency converter output voltage amplitude modified by a modulation signal configured to minimize a torque ripple; and
a clocked inverter comprising a number of controllable switches, to which inverter the DC/DC converter output voltage is applied and which is designed to actuate the switches with an inverter switching frequency in such a manner that the at least one frequency converter output voltage with the modified predetermined frequency converter output voltage amplitude and a predetermined frequency converter output voltage frequency is generated from the DC/DC converter output voltage,
wherein
the inverter switching frequency corresponds to the prescribable frequency converter output voltage frequency, and
the frequency converter is configured such that the modified predetermined frequency converter output voltage amplitude is generated by the clocked DC/DC converter before the DC/DC converter output voltage is applied to the inverter.

US Pat. No. 10,432,127

METHOD OF DISSIPATING REGENERATIVE ENERGY IN CARGO HANDLING SYSTEMS

GOODRICH CORPORATION, Ch...

1. A cargo handling system, comprising:a direct current power bus;
a motor connected to the direct current power bus and having a flux reference input; and
a unit controller connected to the motor and configured to detect a level of regenerative energy on the direct current power bus and to alter the flux reference input in response to the level of regenerative energy.

US Pat. No. 10,432,126

CONTROL DEVICE FOR AN ASYNCHRONOUS MACHINE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN ASYNCHRONOUS MACHINE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

6. An electric drive system (10), comprising:an asynchronous machine (1);
an inverter (3) coupled to the asynchronous machine (1) and configured to provide a polyphase current supply for the asynchronous machine (1); and
a control device (2) configured to determine a working point trajectory for the asynchronous machine (1) for a plurality of desired torques of the asynchronous machine (1) by calculating 2-tuples from longitudinal current values and cross current values in a synchronously rotating coordinate system of the asynchronous machine (1), calculating a slip frequency of the asynchronous machine (1) for each of the 2-tuples calculated from longitudinal current values and cross current values, and calculating an excitation frequency of the asynchronous machine (1) by summation of the calculated slip frequency and a present rotor speed weighted with the number of pole pairs of the asynchronous machine (1), and the control device (2) configured to compare the excitation frequency of the asynchronous machine (1) with at least one predetermined resonance frequency value of the asynchronous machine (1), and correcting the working point trajectory by changing the ratio between longitudinal current value and cross current value at a constant desired torque for each of the 2-tuples for which the calculated excitation frequency corresponds to the at least one resonance frequency value;
the control device coupled to the inverter (3) configured to control the inverter (3) according to the method as claimed in claim 1 for operating the asynchronous machine (1).

US Pat. No. 10,432,124

CURRENT DETECTION APPARATUS AND CONTROL APPARATUS OF ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A current detection apparatus applicable to a system including an inverter including plural pairs of series-connected upper-arm switches and lower-arm switches, and a multi-phase rotary electric machine including multiphase windings, the upper- and lower-arm switches of each pair being connected to a corresponding phase winding of the multi-phase rotary electric machine, an upper set of the upper-arm switches being connected to a direct-current power supply via a first bus, a lower set of the lower-arm switches being connected to the direct-current power supply via a second bus, the current detection apparatus comprising:a first current detector configured to repeatedly detect at least:
a corrective first phase current flowing through a corresponding first phase winding of the multiphase windings to thereby obtain plural values of the corrective first phase current; and
a corrective second phase current flowing through a corresponding second phase winding of the multiphase windings to thereby obtain plural values of the corrective second phase current;
a second current detector configured to repeatedly detect at least:
a corrective first phase bus-based current flowing through one of the first and second buses to thereby obtain plural values of the corrective first phase bus-based current, the corrective first phase bus-based current having the same phase as the phase of the corrective first phase current, the plural values of the corrective first phase bus-based current being synchronized with the respective plural values of the corrective first phase current; and
a corrective second phase bus-based current flowing through one of the first and second buses to thereby obtain plural values of the corrective second phase bus-based current, the corrective second phase bus-based current having the same phase as the phase of the corrective second phase current, the plural values of the corrective second phase bus-based current being synchronized with the respective plural values of the corrective second phase current; and
a corrector configured to:
obtain:
first current-value pairs of the plural values of the corrective first phase current and the respective plural values of the corrective first phase bus-based current; and
second current-value pairs of the plural values of the corrective second phase current and the respective plural values of the corrective second phase bus-based current; and
correct at least target first and second phase currents detected by the first current detector based on the obtained first current-value pairs and the second current-value pairs to thereby align amplitudes of the respective target first and second phase currents detected by the first current detector with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,432,123

CONTROL APPARATUS FOR AC MOTOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An AC motor control apparatus, comprising:an inverter which supplies, to a polyphase AC motor, AC power that has been converted by a plurality of switching elements; and
a current controller which calculates drive signals for driving the inverter and controls driving of the AC motor, through fundamental wave current control that makes a 1st-order component of an actual current, which is fed back, coincide with a fundamental wave current command vector in dq coordinates, and through high-order current control that makes one or more specific high-order components, extracted from the actual feedback current, coincide with a high-order current command vector in high-order dq coordinates, wherein
the current controller includes:
a high-order voltage command calculation section that calculates a high-order voltage command vector by means of feedback control which causes a high-order transformation value of a high-order component having a specific order, extracted from the actual current, to coincide with a high-order dq-axes current command value; and
a high-order vector transformation section that executes high-order vector transformation processing on a high-order current vector deviation which is inputted to the high-order voltage command calculation section or on a high-order voltage command vector which is calculated by the high-order voltage command calculation section, such as to cause a high-order voltage vector and a high-order current vector to coincide in phase in high-order dq coordinates, with the high-order vector transformation processing including rotation that rotates a high-order vector.

US Pat. No. 10,432,122

METHOD FOR SENSOR-FREE DETERMINATION OF THE ROTOR POSITION OF ELECTRONICALLY COMMUTATED MULTIPLE-PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES

1. A method for sensor-free determination of a rotor position of an electronically commutated multiple-phase EC motor with a rotor, a stator and including a commutation device for generating phase currents in a coil system of the stator, the method comprising:a. applying a test signal in the coil system, wherein an amplitude A of the test signal has an envelope curve variation which at first rises during a rising phase (PHan) and then remains constant for a definite number of periods during a measurement phase (PHMess),
b. measuring a current value i in a strand during the measurement phase (PHMess) as a current response to the test signal,
c. calculating the envelope curve of the current response and
d. determining the rotor position (?0) of a rotor with a rotor diameter rRotor of a fan driven by the EC motor with an impeller diameter DVentilator, a minimum number (NA) of periods is determined as a rounded-off quotient of the impeller half-diameter DVentilator and the rotor diameter rRotor, by evaluating a curve maxima of the envelope curve of the current response.

US Pat. No. 10,432,121

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING MAGNETIC SATURATION PARAMETERS OF AN ASYNCHRONOUS ELECTRIC MOTOR

SCHNEIDER TOSHIBA INVERTE...

1. A method of identifying the magnetic saturation parameters of an asynchronous electric motor (M), the method comprising implementing a sequence comprising one or more iterations, each iteration being defined with a rank i, with i ranging from 1 to n, each iteration of rank i when i is greater than or equal to 2 comprising the following steps:a) applying a trajectory to a reference voltage or to a reference flux, over a reference range (PLref_i) having a voltage or flux amplitude between a minimum value and a maximum value,
b) acquiring the values of the currents (ia, ib and ic) in the phases of the electric motor and determining the corresponding magnetization current,
c) estimating the magnetization flux p(?),
d) constructing an actual profile for the iteration of rank i comprising said estimated magnetization flux according to the measured magnetization current,
e) determining the magnetic saturation parameters corresponding to the actual profile of the iteration of rank i,
f) determining a deviation (Er _i) between said actual profile for the iteration of rank i and a theoretical profile constructed from the magnetic saturation parameters obtained during the iteration of rank i?1, and
g) validating the magnetic saturation parameters obtained during the iteration of rank i when said deviation is less than a threshold (Ermax) and when the reference range (PLref_i) applied at the input has a sufficient amplitude.

US Pat. No. 10,432,120

AUTOMATIC FAULT ISOLATION METHODOLOGY

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A method for responding to a fast protective trip in a generator system comprising:re-exciting the generator when a fast trip protection element trips and determining whether said generator retrips the fast trip protection element; and
determining said fast trip protection element trip is a nuisance trip when said generator re-excites without tripping the fast trip protection element.

US Pat. No. 10,432,119

GAS TURBINE SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

Doosan Heavy Industries C...

1. A gas turbine control device for a gas turbine system which comprises a compressor sucking and compressing external air; a combustor combusting fuel and the air compressed in the compressor to generate a high-temperature, high-pressure combustion gas; a turbine having a rotor rotated by the combustion gas, the rotor having a rotor speed proportional to a system frequency; and a power generator driven by the rotation of the rotor, an output of the power generator being adjusted depending on a target speed regulation rate in order to restore the system frequency to a rated frequency, the device comprising:a sensing unit for measuring the rotor speed and the output of the power generator;
a speed regulation rate setting unit for calculating an actual speed regulation rate (?r) based on the measured rotor speed and the measured output of the power generator, and for setting a reference speed regulation rate (?ref) based on the actual speed regulation rate and the target speed regulation rate (?t); and
a fuel amount control unit for controlling an amount of fuel supplied to the combustor based on the set reference speed regulation rate.

US Pat. No. 10,432,118

IDENTIFYING VOLTAGE TO PREVENT MOTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DAMAGE

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A motor control system, comprising:a control logic configured to receive an indication of a voltage representing a desired motor rotation direction;
a motor controller coupled to the control logic; and
a logical OR gate having a first input terminal coupled to the control logic, a second input terminal coupled to a pulse width modulation (PWM) logic, and an output terminal coupled to the motor controller;
wherein the control logic is configured to issue a signal if the indication of voltage falls within a predetermined range.

US Pat. No. 10,432,117

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING MOVER STATUS IN AN INDEPENDENT CART SYSTEM

Rockwell Automation Techn...

1. A linear drive system comprising:a plurality of movers;
a track including a plurality of track segments, wherein each track segment includes:
a plurality of coils positioned along a length of the track segment, and
a segment controller, wherein each segment controller further includes:
a communication interface operative to communicate with at least one other segment controller located in an adjacent track segment,
at least one position sensor operative to generate a position feedback signal corresponding to a presence of one of the plurality of movers along the length of the track segment,
a processor operative to:
receive a motion command,
control operation of each of the plurality of coils to drive at least one of the plurality of movers along the track segment responsive to the motion command,
determine an operating characteristic of the at least one mover driven along the track segment, wherein the operating characteristic is selected from one of a length of travel and a power loss for the at least one mover driven along the track segment,
generate a data packet corresponding to the at least one mover, wherein the data packet includes the operating characteristic, and
transfer the data packet to the at least one other segment controller in the adjacent track segment via the communication interface when the mover is driven from the track segment to the adjacent track segment.

US Pat. No. 10,432,115

MOTOR DRIVING CONTROL APPARATUS

MICROSPACE CORPORATION, ...

9. A motor-assisted vehicle, comprising:a motor; and
a motor driving control apparatus, comprising:
a first signal generator configured to generate a first signal representing which rotation angle section of a plurality of rotation angle sections a present rotation angle section is, according to a sensor signal that changes every predetermined rotation angle of a rotor of the motor, wherein each of the plurality of rotation angle sections has the predetermined rotation angle;
a measurement unit configured to measure a period of each of the plurality of rotation angle sections according to the sensor signal;
a prediction unit configured to predict a period of a next rotation section based on one or plural rotation angle sections measured by the measurement unit;
a second signal generator configured to generate a second signal representing a relative rotation angle of the rotor in the next rotation angle section for each period that is obtained by dividing the predicted period by a predetermined number; and
a third signal generator configured to generate a third signal that represents a rotation angle of the rotor, which is a sum of a rotation angle corresponding to a rotation angle section represented by the first signal and the relative rotation angle represented by the second signal, to control generation of at least one driving voltage to be supplied to the motor.

US Pat. No. 10,432,114

ELECTRIC MOTOR, GEAR MOTOR, WIPING SYSTEM AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL METHOD

1. A brushless direct current electric motor for a wiping system, comprising:a rotor comprising a control magnet;
a stator having electromagnetic excitation coils of the rotor;
at least one Hall effect sensor configured to detect an angular position of the control magnet;
a control unit connected to said Hall effect sensor and configured to determine at least one angular position of the rotor in relation to the stator from the signals from the Hall effect sensor and to generate control signals to power the electromagnetic excitation coils of the stator as a function of the determined angular position of the rotor,
wherein the control unit comprises a clock and is configured to:
estimate the angular position of the rotor at a plurality of predetermined instants lying between two changes of state of the Hall effect sensor from the instants of the preceding changes of state,
determine values of the control voltages associated with the angular positions of the rotor estimated for the predetermined instants, and
generate a sinusoidal or substantially sinusoidal control signal from the determined voltage values.

US Pat. No. 10,432,113

METHOD FOR OPERATING A BUILDING CLOSURE

OVERHEAD DOOR CORPORATION...

1. A method for controlling a building closure between an open position and a closed position, the method comprising:applying a residual current to a motor operably engaged with the building closure at a first static position;
receiving instructions including a current characteristic line defining a terminal position and a relationship between a current, including the residual current, and a position of the building closure between and including the open position and the closed position, wherein at least a portion of the current characteristic line depicts a positive progressive relationship and another portion of the current characteristic line depicts a negative progressive relationship between the current and the position of the building closure;
applying the current corresponding to the current characteristic line to the motor; and
upon reaching the terminal position, applying the residual current to the motor at the terminal position for holding the building closure still.

US Pat. No. 10,432,112

ULTRASONIC MOTOR

1. Ultrasonic motor comprising an ultrasonic actuator, functioning as a waveguide resonator, in the form of a rectangular piezo-electrical plate having two main surfaces that are largest in terms of area and side surfaces that join said main surfaces to one another, an element to be driven and an electrical excitation device, wherein at least one friction element is arranged on at least one side surface of said ultrasonic actuator and is in frictional contact with said element to be driven, and said piezo-electrical plate is along its longitudinal direction divided into three parts, wherein the central part forms a generator for an acoustic longitudinal standing wave, and the peripheral parts bordering said central part form generators for an acoustic bending standing wave, and each of said generators is electrically connected to said electrical excitation device and can be electrically controlled, wherein each of said generators for an acoustic bending standing wave is divided, along the thickness direction of said piezo-electrical plate into two equally-sized and electrically individually controllable sub-generators, said sub-generators each having layers of excitation electrodes, and layers of general electrodes, and layers of piezo-ceramics arranged therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,432,111

SELF-REPAIRING ENERGY GENERATING ELEMENT USING SHAPE MEMORY POLYMER

1. A self-repairing energy generating element using a shape memory polymer, comprising:a first electrode;
a shape memory friction layer made of the shape memory polymer on the first electrode and having a microbump pattern formed on a surface thereof;
a second electrode disposed apart from the shape memory friction layer; and
an opposing friction layer formed on the second electrode and configured to face the shape memory friction layer,
wherein, when a shape of the microbump pattern is deformed, the microbump pattern is restored to its initial shape by applying light, heat, or chemical or electric energy to the shape memory friction layer.

US Pat. No. 10,432,110

POWER CONVERTER HAVING RESONANT FREQUENCIES AROUND TWO AND FOUR TIMES THE SWITCHING FREQUENCY

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A power converter comprising:two direct current (DC) input terminals that are plus and minus and into which a DC voltage is inputted;
two alternating current (AC) output terminals that output an AC voltage;
a switch with two ends;
a first resonant capacitance connected between both ends of the switch;
a first LC resonance circuit that is connected in series together with the switch between the AC output terminals; and
a second LC resonance circuit that is connected between the two DC input terminals and both ends of the switch,
wherein the first LC resonance circuit includes a current path including a series circuit composed of an inductance and a capacitance, and
when looking from both ends of the switch when the two DC input terminals are shorted, frequency characteristics of an impedance of the second LC resonance circuit include, in order from a low-frequency side to a high-frequency side, a first resonant frequency, a second resonant frequency, a third resonant frequency, and a fourth resonant frequency, the first resonant frequency is higher than a switching frequency of the switch, the second resonant frequency is a resonant frequency that is around double the switching frequency, the fourth resonant frequency is a resonant frequency that is around four times the switching frequency, and the impedance has local maxima at the first resonant frequency and the third resonant frequency and local minima at the second resonant frequency and the fourth resonant frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,432,108

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A power supply system comprising:a converter configured to convert an input alternating-current voltage into a direct-current voltage and output the direct-current voltage to a load, the converter including a plurality of AC-DC converters that are arranged in parallel so as to convert a common alternating-current input voltage into a common direct-current output voltage;
an operation controller configured to control the plurality of AC-DC converters based on a state of the load;
a switch element configured to electrically connect one of a plurality of alternating-current power supplies to the converter;
an input voltage detector configured to detect an input voltage input to the converter;
an output current detector configured to detect an output current output from the converter;
an abnormality monitor configured to repeat, for a predetermined amount of time, a determination of whether there is an abnormality in alternating-current power supply to the converter based on an input voltage detected by the input voltage detector;
a switching controller configured to switch the switch element to switch which one of the plurality of alternating-current power supplies is connected to the converter if the abnormality monitor determines detects an abnormality; and
a time adjustment unit configured to adjust the predetermined amount of time based on a detection value detected by the output current detector.

US Pat. No. 10,432,107

RECTIFIER CIRCUIT AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

FUJITSU SEMICONDUCTOR LIM...

1. A rectifier circuit comprising a switch element, which controls connection and disconnection of an AC input voltage using the switch element to generate an output voltage, whereinthe switch element comprises an n-channel MOS transistor, and
the rectifier circuit further comprises:
a booster circuit configured to generate and apply a gate control signal including a voltage higher than a threshold voltage of the n-channel MOS transistor to a gate of the n-channel MOS transistor; and
a control signal generation unit configured to generate and output a control signal for controlling connection and disconnection of the n-channel MOS transistor to the booster circuit, and
establishes connection to the switch element at a peak portion of the input voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,432,106

POWER CONVERSION DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A power conversion device comprising:a printed wiring board on which an alternating-current power-supply input circuit to which alternating-current power is input, a converter circuit to convert alternating-current power input to the alternating-current power-supply input circuit to direct-current power, an inverter circuit to convert direct-current power converted by the converter circuit to alternating-current power, an alternating-current power-supply output circuit to output alternating-current power converted by the inverter circuit, and a conductive pattern to electrically connect the alternating-current power-supply input circuit, the converter circuit, the inverter circuit, and the alternating-current power-supply output circuit to one another are provided; and
a flat busbar that has a plate-like shape with a first plane direction thereof perpendicular to a second plane direction of the conductive pattern, is arranged to overlap the conductive pattern in plan view, and includes two or more connecting portions that are in direct electrical contact with the conductive pattern,
wherein the conductive pattern is a flat pattern formed in the second plane direction.

US Pat. No. 10,432,105

POWER FREQUENCY CURRENT CONVERTER AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

Delta Electronics, Inc., ...

1. A power frequency current converter, comprising:an input side and an output side, wherein a current of the input side or the output side is a power frequency current;
a switching device;
a sampling circuit, configured to sample the power frequency current, so as to output a sampling current signal; and
a controller, configured to control the switching device to be turned on and turned off at an operating frequency, wherein, in every power frequency cycle of the power frequency current, within a half of each of the power frequency cycle, the controller generates at least two fixed-frequency control signals according to values of the sampling current signal, and the operating frequency of the switching device alters at least twice according to the at least two fixed-frequency control signals,
wherein the at least two fixed-frequency control signals comprises a first control signal and a second control signal, the frequency of the first control signal is larger than the frequency of the second control signal, and within a half of the power frequency cycle, the power frequency current of the switching device operated according to the second control signal is larger than the power frequency current of the switching device operated according to the first control signal, and
wherein the sampling current signal comprises a present value signal of a sampling current and an RMS value signal of the sampling current, and the controller further comprises:
a first judgment and comparison module, configured to receive an RMS value reference current signal and the RMS value signal of the sampling current; and
a second judgment and comparison module, configured to receive a reference current signal and the present value signal of the sampling current,
wherein, when the RMS value signal of the sampling current is larger than the RMS value reference current signal, the second judgment and comparison module compares the present value signal of the sampling current with the reference current signal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,103

CONTROLLED POWER CIRCUIT WITH ADJUSTED VOLTAGE FEEDBACK TO REGULATE THE OUTPUT POWER

Power Integrations, Inc.,...

1. A controller for use in a power converter, comprising:a feedback reference circuit coupled to receive a feedback signal representative of an output voltage of the power converter, wherein the feedback reference circuit generates a drive signal in response to the feedback signal, wherein the drive signal is used to control switching of a power switch of the power converter to regulate the output voltage; and
an output power control circuit coupled to receive a current sense signal representative of an output current of the power converter and a power signal representative of a desired value of an output power of the power converter, wherein the output power control circuit generates an adjust signal to adjust the feedback signal such that the controller modifies the output voltage to regulate to the desired value of the output power, wherein the output power control circuit further comprises:
an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) coupled to receive the current sense signal and provide a measure signal which is a digital representation of the output current; and
a controlled power circuit coupled to receive the measure signal and the power signal, wherein the controlled power circuit determines a calculated value of the output voltage which corresponds with the desired value of the output power and outputs an update signal which updates the adjust signal in response to the calculated value, wherein the update signal is substantially equal to the calculated value if a previous value of the update signal is less than or equal to the calculated value.

US Pat. No. 10,432,102

ISOLATED PHASE SHIFTED DC TO DC CONVERTER WITH SECONDARY SIDE REGULATION AND SENSE COIL TO RECONSTRUCT PRIMARY PHASE

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. An isolated dual active bridge DC to DC converter, comprising:a transformer, including a primary winding, a secondary winding, and a sense coil;
a first bridge circuit, including a first bridge circuit input to receive an input signal, a first bridge circuit output coupled with the primary winding, and a plurality of primary switches individually coupled between the first bridge circuit input and the first bridge circuit output, the primary switches operative according to primary side switching control signals to provide a primary voltage signal to the first bridge circuit output;
a second bridge circuit, including a second bridge circuit input coupled to receive a secondary voltage signal from the secondary winding, a second bridge circuit output, and a plurality of secondary switches individually coupled between the second bridge circuit input and the second bridge circuit output, the secondary switches operative according to secondary side switching control signals to provide an output voltage or current signal at the second bridge circuit output;
a primary side control circuit configured to provide the primary side switching control signals according to a primary side clock signal; and
a secondary side control circuit including a clock recovery circuit, a delay locked loop (DLL) circuit and an analog front end circuit, the analog front end circuit including an input coupled to the sense coil to receive a sense coil voltage signal, a level shifting circuit, a filter circuit, and an output to provide a level shifted voltage signal according to the sense coil voltage signal, and the secondary side control circuit being configured to provide the secondary side switching control signals to regulate the output voltage or current signal by controlling a phase shift angle between switching transitions of the secondary side switching control signals and switching transitions of a secondary side clock signal;
the clock recovery circuit including an input connected to the output of the analog front end circuit to receive the level shifted voltage signal, and an output to provide a recovered clock signal including transitions corresponding to the transitions in the sense coil voltage signal, and the clock recovery circuit being configured to synchronize the secondary side clock signal to transitions in the sense coil voltage signal of the sense coil; and
the delay locked loop (DLL) circuit including: a first input connected to the output of the clock recovery circuit to receive the recovered clock signal; a second input connected to receive the secondary side clock signal; and a DLL output to provide the secondary side clock signal having transitions corresponding to transitions in the recovered clock signal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,101

POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A power conversion apparatus configured to perform electric power conversion between a first DC power and a second DC power, the power conversion apparatus comprising:a first bridge circuit on the first DC power side;
a second bridge circuit on the second DC power side; and
a transformer having a primary-side winding connected to the first bridge circuit and a secondary-side wiring connected to the second bridge circuit,
each of the first bridge circuit and the second bridge circuit including
a first leg and a second leg connected between a positive-electrode power supply line and a negative-electrode power supply line,
each of the first leg and the second leg including
an upper arm and a lower arm connected in series between the positive-electrode power supply line and the negative-electrode power supply line,
each of the upper arm and the lower arm including
a plurality of semiconductor switching devices connected in series and
a plurality of snubber capacitors respectively connected in parallel with the semiconductor switching devices,
the power conversion apparatus further comprising:
an inductance element disposed in a current path from the first leg of the first bridge circuit to the second leg of the first bridge circuit through the primary-side wiring; and
a controller to control the bridge circuit corresponding to the first leg and the second leg such that a dead time period is provided between a turn-on period of the upper arm and a turn-on period of the lower arm included in the first leg and between a turn-on period of the upper arm and a turn-on period of the lower arm included in the second leg,
wherein a value of the inductance element is determined such that a time taken for a current polarity of the inductance element to be reversed from start of the dead time period is longer than the dead time period, and a combined capacitance value of the snubber capacitors in each of the upper arm and the lower arm is determined such that magnetic energy stored in the inductance element is larger than electrostatic energy stored in combined capacitance of the snubber capacitors during the dead time period.

US Pat. No. 10,432,100

ELECTRIC POWER CONVERSION DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An electric power conversion device comprising:an input part, connected to a direct current power source, comprising a positive electrode side terminal and a negative electrode side terminal;
a choke coil connected to the input part;
an electric power conversion circuit, connected to the input part through the choke coil, equipped with a transformer and switches, the transformer comprising a primary coil and a secondary coil magnetically connected together;
an output part, connected to the electric power conversion circuit, comprising a positive electrode side terminal and a negative electrode side terminal;
an auxiliary coil, connected to the output part and magnetically connected to the choke coil, wound in order to allow a current to flow from the negative electrode side terminal of the output part choke coil to the positive electrode side terminal of the output part choke coil when a current flows from the direct current power source to the choke coil,
a rectifier element, connected in series with the auxiliary coil, configured to prohibit supply of electric power from the direct current power source to the output part through the choke coil and the auxiliary coil, and to prohibit supply of electric power from the output part to the input part, when a closed circuit including the direct current power source and the choke coil by a switching control of the switches; and
a control part configured to perform the switching control of the switches so as to prevent a magnetic flux from being generated in the primary coil, and to prohibit a current from flowing in the secondary coil, and to perform the supply of electric power from the direct current power source to the output part through the choke coil and the auxiliary coil, wherein:
the primary coil of the transformer comprises a center tap,
the switches comprises a first switch and a second switch,
one of the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the direct current power source is connected to the first switch and the second switch and the other is connected to the center tap of the primary coil, and
the switching control comprises a switch turned-on control and a switch turned-off control, and the control part performs the switch turned-on control and the switch turned-off control alternately,
wherein the first switch and the second switch are turned on simultaneously in the switch turned-on control, and the first switch and the second switch are turned off simultaneously in the switch turned-off control.

US Pat. No. 10,432,099

RESONANT CONVERTER CIRCUIT HAVING DIFFERENT AC AND DC TRANSFER FUNCTIONS

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A resonant converter circuit comprising:a controller having a Vbusdiv-input-terminal configured to receive a Vbusdiv-input-signal and control operation of the resonant converter circuit in accordance with the Vbusdiv-input-signal; and
a Vbus-compensation-network comprising: a Vbus-input-terminal configured to directly receive a bus voltage signal having both an AC component and a DC component; a Vbusdiv-output-terminal configured to provide the Vbusdiv-input-signal directly to the controller; a reference terminal; an AC-impedance-network connected between the Vbus-input-terminal and the Vbusdiv-output-terminal, wherein the AC-impedance-network is configured to apply an AC transfer function to the AC component of the received bus voltage signal; and a DC-impedance-network connected between the Vbus-input-terminal and the Vbusdiv-output-terminal, wherein the DC-impedance-network is configured to apply a DC transfer function to the DC component of the received bus voltage signal, wherein the DC transfer function is different from the AC transfer function.

US Pat. No. 10,432,098

SWITCHING DEVICE CONTROL WITH SECOND ASSERTION OF DRIVE SIGNAL DURING CONDUCTION PHASE

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A method, performed by a switching device controller, for controlling a drive signal for controlling a switching device, the method comprising:during a conduction phase of the switching device:
performing a first assertion of the drive signal;
detecting, after the first assertion of the drive signal, a de-assertion of the drive signal,
detecting, after detecting the de-assertion of the drive signal, an occurrence of an ON condition, and
performing a second assertion of the drive signal in response to the detection of the occurrence of the ON condition.

US Pat. No. 10,432,097

SELECTION CONTROL FOR TRANSFORMER WINDING INPUT IN A POWER CONVERTER

Infineon Technologies Aus...

1. A power converter, comprising:a rectifier configured to input alternating current (AC) power from an input power source and supply power to a rectified voltage node having a rectified voltage;
a bulk capacitor that is supplied power from the input power source and has a storage voltage;
a transformer comprising a primary-side winding;
a first switch configured to provide power to the primary-side winding from the rectified voltage node;
a second switch configured to provide power to the primary-side winding from the bulk capacitor; and
a controller configured to:
sense at least one of the rectified voltage and the storage voltage,
responsive to detecting that the rectified voltage is decreasing over time and is above a first threshold, switch the first switch while holding the second switch off,
responsive to detecting that rectified voltage is below the first threshold and is greater than the storage voltage, switch the first switch to provide power to the primary-side winding from the rectified voltage node, and
responsive to detecting that the rectified voltage is below the first threshold and is lower than the storage voltage, switch the second switch to provide power to the primary-side winding from the bulk capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,432,095

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR SENSING MULTIPLE VOLTAGE VALUES FROM A SINGLE TERMINAL OF A POWER CONVERTER CONTROLLER

Power Integrations, Inc.,...

1. A controller for a power converter, comprising:a switching control coupled to switch a power switch to regulate an output of the power converter;
a sensor coupled to receive a signal from a terminal of the controller, the signal from the terminal to represent a line input voltage of the power converter during at least a portion of an on time of the power switch, the signal from the terminal to represent an output voltage of the power converter during at least a portion of an off time of the power switch, and the sensor coupled to sample the signal from the terminal during the portion of the on time of the power switch and to generate a sample input line voltage signal; and
an output regulator coupled between the sensor and the switching control, the output regulator coupled to output an output regulation signal to the switching control, wherein the switching control is coupled to switch the power switch in response to the output regulation signal to regulate the output voltage of the power converter.

US Pat. No. 10,432,093

MULTIPHASE DC-DC CONVERTER WITH CONFIGURABLE CURRENT SHARING AND PHASE MANAGEMENT

Texas Instruments Incorpo...

1. A device comprising:an input terminal;
an output terminal;
a first phase circuit having a first switch coupled to the input terminal, a first inductor having a first inductance, and coupled between the first switch and the output terminal, and a first current sense resistor coupled to the first inductor; and
a second phase circuit having a second switch coupled to the input terminal, a second inductor having a second inductance less than the first inductance, and coupled between the second switch and the output terminal, and a second current sense resistor coupled to the second inductor,
wherein the first current sense resistor has a greater resistance than the second current sense resistor.

US Pat. No. 10,432,092

SELF-CALIBRATED DC-DC CONVERTER

Texas Instruments Incorpo...

9. A system, comprising:a power source;
a load;
a gate driver having multiple inputs and multiple outputs;
a power converter, comprising:
a first transistor having a gate terminal coupled to one of the gate driver outputs, a first terminal coupled to the power source, and a second terminal; and
an energy storage element having a first terminal coupled to the second terminal of the first transistor and a second terminal coupled to the load; and
a first comparator having a first input coupled to the power converter, a second input, and an output coupled to one of the gate driver inputs;
a controller, comprising:
a calibration loop having an input coupled to one of the gate driver outputs and an output; and
an on-time (TON) generator having an input coupled to the output of the calibration loop and an output coupled to the output of the first comparator,
wherein the TON generator is configured to generate TON for controlling the gate driver to control the power converter via the gate terminal of the first transistor, and
wherein the calibration loop is configured to:
compare a frequency of a signal provided by the gate driver to the first transistor to a frequency of a reference clock;
modify a value of a counter based on a result of the comparison of the frequency of the signal provided by the gate driver to the first transistor to the frequency of the reference clock; and
control the TON generator to modify an amount of capacitance present in a timing circuit of the TON generator based on the value of the counter.

US Pat. No. 10,432,091

ADAPTIVE FEEDBACK CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR VOLTAGE REGULATORS

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. An electrical circuit comprising:a switching regulator circuit comprising a comparator and configured to receive a feedback signal and produce, using the comparator, a Pulse Width Modulated (PWM) signal according to the feedback signal; and
a feedback signal adaptive circuit comprising a first capacitor, a first input for receiving the PWM signal, a second input for receiving a control signal, and a third input for receiving an input voltage, the feedback signal adaptive circuit configured to:
generate a ripple voltage according to the PWM signal, a value of the input voltage, and a value of the control signal by charging the first capacitor according to the input voltage during an on time of the PWM signal, discharging the first capacitor according to the control signal during an off time of the PWM signal, and generating the ripple voltage according to a voltage across the first capacitor,
generate, as an output of a first trans-conductance device, a ripple current according to the ripple voltage, and
modify the feedback signal using the ripple current by coupling a second capacitor between the output of the first trans-conductance device and the feedback signal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,090

REFERENCE VOLTAGE GENERATOR WITH ADAPTIVE VOLTAGE AND POWER CIRCUIT

AUDIOWISE TECHNOLOGY INC....

1. A reference voltage generator, comprising:a steady current source configured to provide a steady current;
a PMOS transistor, a source electrode of the PMOS transistor being configured to receive the steady current; and
an NMOS transistor, a drain electrode of the NMOS transistor being electrically connected to a drain electrode of the PMOS transistor at a node,
wherein a reference voltage provided by the reference voltage generator is outputted at the source electrode of the PMOS transistor,
gate electrodes of the PMOS transistor and the NMOS transistor are connected to the node such that the drain and gate electrodes of the PMOS transistor and the drain and gate electrodes of the NMOS transistor are connected together, and
at least one additional PMOS transistor or at least one additional NMOS transistor is further coupled between the drain electrodes of the NMOS transistor and the PMOS transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,432,089

METHOD FOR OPTIMIZING THE OPERATION OF A DIGITAL CONTROLLER PROVIDED IN A CONTROL LOOP FOR A STEP-UP CONVERTER, A CONTROL LOOP, AND A COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for optimizing operation of a digital controller provided in a control loop for a step-up converter, comprising:evaluating at least one output variable of the digital controller during operation of the step-up converter;
estimating an instantaneous load resistance value in a path of the control loop based on the at least one evaluated output variable;
setting at least one controller coefficient of the digital controller based on the estimated instantaneous load resistance value during operation of the step-up converter;
wherein a change in the setting of the at least one controller coefficient results in a change in a transition frequency in the control loop,
wherein the following formula relationship for estimating the load resistance value is used in the step of estimating:
wherein RL is a value of a load resistance in the path, Uout is a value of the output voltage of the control loop or of the path, ControllerOut is a controller output value of the controller, Ucomp,ss is a value of the voltage of a compensation ramp of the step-up converter from peak to peak, D is a duty cycle of the controller, Rshunt is a value of a shunt resistance for measuring the coil current of the step-up converter, L is a value of an inductance of the step-up converter, and TSW is a period duration of the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,432,088

TWO-STAGE MULTI-PHASE SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY WITH CROSS-DOMAIN ADAPTIVE VOLTAGE AND FREQUENCY REGULATION

DIALOG SEMICONDUCTOR (UK)...

1. A two-stage converter, comprising:a first-stage multi-phase buck converter including:
a digital-to-analog converter configured to convert a digital command into a reference voltage; and
an error amplifier configured to generate an error voltage responsive to a difference between an output voltage for the first-stage multi-phase buck converter, wherein each phase in the first-stage multi-phase buck converter includes a pulse-width modulator configured to modulate a switching of a switching stage for the phase responsive to the error voltage; and
a second-stage multi-phase buck converter wherein each phase in the second-stage multi-phase buck converter includes a switching stage powered by the output voltage for the first-stage multi-phase buck converter, the second-stage multi-phase buck converter further including:
a phase-locked loop (PLL) having a control voltage for controlling a frequency of an output clock signal from the PLL; and
a process, voltage, and temperature (PVT) compensation circuit configured to adjust the digital command responsive to the control voltage to compensate for PVT variations in the second-stage multi-phase buck converter.

US Pat. No. 10,432,087

CIRCUIT FOR A SWITCHED MODE POWER SUPPLY

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A circuit for a switched-mode-power-supply, wherein the switched-mode-power-supply is configured to: receive a current-control-signal; and provide an output-voltage based on the current-control-signal, the circuit comprising:a controller, configured to:
generate a control-voltage based on a difference between: (i) a sense-voltage, which is representative of the output-voltage of the switched-mode-power-supply; and (ii) a reference-voltage;
generate a target-current-control-signal based on the control-voltage, wherein the target-current-control-signal is configured to adjust a current through the switched-mode-power-supply in order to bring a magnitude of the sense-voltage closer to a magnitude of the reference-voltage;
a current-limiter configured to provide the current-control-signal as the target-current-control-signal limited to a max-current-control-value; and
a clamp-circuit configured to set the control-voltage to a clamp-voltage-value when the current-limiter provides the current-control-signal having the limited value of the max-current-control-value;
wherein the controller includes a transconductance-amplifier-control-block, which incorporates a functionality of the current-limiter and the clamp-circuit such that the transconductance-amplifier-control-block is configured to:
receive the control-voltage;
prevent the control-voltage from increasing when the current-control-signal has the limited value of the max-current-control-value; and
convert the control-voltage to the current-control-signal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,086

METHODS AND SYSTEMS OF BRIDGELESS PFC CONVERTERS

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A method of operating a power converter, comprising:operating the power converter during a positive half-line cycle of an alternating current (AC) source by:
charging a primary winding of a multi-winding boost inductor with a charging current having a first polarity; and then
discharging the primary winding with a first discharge current having the first polarity;
sensing a falling edge of a voltage at a switch node by way of a secondary winding of the multi-winding boost inductor coupled to a comparator; and
triggering a subsequent charging of the primary winding during the positive half-line cycle based on the falling edge;
operating the power converter during a negative half-line cycle of the frequency of the AC source by:
charging the primary winding of the multi-winding boost inductor with a charging current having a second polarity opposite the first polarity; and then
discharging the primary winding with a second discharge current having the second polarity;
sensing a rising edge of the voltage at the switch node by way of the secondary winding of the multi-winding boost inductor coupled to the comparator; and
triggering a subsequent charging of the primary winding in the negative half-line cycle based on the rising edge.

US Pat. No. 10,432,085

DIGITAL CONTROL OF SWITCHED BOUNDARY MODE PFC POWER CONVERTER FOR CONSTANT CROSSOVER FREQUENCY

MICROCHIP TECHNOLOGY INCO...

1. A circuit arrangement for switched boundary mode power conversion, comprising at least:an input for receiving an input voltage from a power supply;
an output to provide an output voltage to a load;
an energy storage device;
a controllable switching device; and
a signal processor, connected with the controllable switching device and being configured for zero-current switching of the switching device; wherein
the signal processor is further configured to determine an on-time period for the switching device in one or more switching cycles based on the output voltage and the output of a crossover frequency control module, which crossover frequency control module is configured to provide a constant open loop gain crossover frequency to improve a transient response characteristic of the circuit arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,432,083

PROTECTION CONTROL APPARATUS FOR POWER CONVERSION CIRCUITRY AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A protection control apparatus for power conversion circuitry, the protection control apparatus comprising:a computer configured to monitor a plurality of fail signals delivered from the power conversion circuitry to a first number of first signal lines, and create reject information indicating whether each of the fail signals is enabled or rejected;
a communication controller configured to receive the reject information on each of the fail signals from the computer via a second number of communication lines, and deliver a plurality of reject signals to the first number of second signal lines, based on the reject information, the second number being smaller than the first number; and
shutdown circuitry provided on a same chip or a same module as the communication controller, the shutdown circuitry being configured to permit driving of the power conversion circuitry or shut down the power conversion circuitry, based on the fail signals received from the first number of the first signal lines, and the reject signals received from the first number of the second signal lines.

US Pat. No. 10,432,082

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CURRENT CONTROL IN INPUT POWER ADAPTERS FOR A DC BUS-BASED POWER ROUTER

Katerra, Inc., Menlo Par...

1. An electrical power input adapter coupled to a direct current (DC) bus in a power distribution system, comprising:a first interface having an input to couple to an electrical power supply to receive one of an alternating current (AC) power signal and a DC power signal at a first voltage level transmitted from the electrical power supply, and having an output to transmit the one of the alternating current (AC) power signal and the DC power signal at the first voltage;
an electrical converter having an input coupled to the output of the first interface to receive and convert the one of the AC power signal and the DC power signal at the first voltage to a DC power signal at a second fixed voltage, and having an output to transmit the DC power signal at the second voltage;
a second interface comprising:
a current limiter having an input coupled to the output of the electrical converter to receive and limit an amperage of the DC power signal at the second voltage, and having an output to transmit the DC power signal at the second voltage and at the limited amperage;
a programmable switch coupled to the output of the current limiter to receive the DC power signal at the second voltage and at the limited amperage and transmit the DC power signal at the second voltage and at the limited amperage;
a controller coupled to the programmable switch to control when, within a period of time, the programmable switch is to transmit the DC power signal at the second voltage and at the limited amperage;
an integrator, having an input coupled to the programmable switch and having an output coupled to the DC bus, to:
receive the DC power signal at the second voltage and at the limited amperage when transmitted within the period of time;
convert the DC power signal at the second voltage and at the limited amperage to a DC power signal at the second voltage and at a second amperage that is proportional to the limited amperage integrated over the period of time; and
transmit the DC power at the second voltage and at the second amperage for the period of time to the DC bus.

US Pat. No. 10,432,081

WAVEFORM SHAPING CIRCUIT, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, AND SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY DEVICE

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A waveform shaping circuit comprising:a first parallel circuit including a first capacitance element and a first resistance element coupled in parallel with each other, a positive pulse voltage being applied to a first terminal of the first capacitance element and a second terminal of the first resistance element, a gate terminal of a field-effect transistor being electrically coupled to a third terminal of the first capacitance element and a fourth terminal of the first resistance element;
a first Zener diode having a first anode coupled to the third terminal and the fourth terminal; and
a second parallel circuit including a second capacitance element and a second resistance element coupled in parallel with each other, a first cathode of the first Zener diode being coupled to a fifth terminal of the second capacitance element and a sixth terminal of the second resistance element, and a seventh terminal of the second capacitance element and an eighth terminal of the second resistance element being at a reference potential.

US Pat. No. 10,432,080

DRIVING DEVICE OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A driving device of a semiconductor device comprising:a plurality of protection factor detection units configured to detect an occurrence of a protection factor, the protection factor requiring for a protection operation of the semiconductor device constituting a power converter, the plurality of protection factor detection units being configured to output a protection factor generation signal;
an identification signal generation unit configured such that when any of the plurality of protection factor detection units outputs the protection factor generation signal, the identification signal generation unit generates a protection factor identification signal, the protection factor identification signal having pulse widths different depending on the plurality of protection factor detection units;
a continuation signal generation unit configured to generate a protection factor continuation signal while any of the plurality of protection factor detection units outputs the protection factor generation signal;
a signal selection unit configured to select any one of the protection factor identification signal and the protection factor continuation signal; and
an alarm signal output unit configured to output a selection signal selected by the signal selection unit as an alarm signal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,079

ELECTRICAL ENERGY GENERATING BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR

1. A brushless direct current (BLDC) motor that generates electrical energy while operating as a motor, comprising:a permanent magnet rotor that provides a magnetic field for motor operation, the rotor having a plurality of magnetic poles;
a dual-purpose stator winding assembly positioned proximal to the rotor and having a plurality of first windings configured to produce torque in the rotor and a plurality of second windings configured to generate electrical energy during motor operation, wherein the plurality of first windings are physically and electrically separated from the plurality of second windings, wherein the plurality of second windings are positioned closer to the permanent magnet rotor than the plurality of first windings, whereby during motor operation while the plurality of first windings are producing torque in the rotor, electrical energy is generated by the plurality of second windings due to a rotation of the rotor, and wherein the stator winding assembly includes a plurality of stator poles, each stator pole includes at least one first winding and at least one second winding.

US Pat. No. 10,432,078

MAGNETIC GEAR WITH A MAGNETIC FLUX CONDUCTOR ARRANGEMENT

1. A magnetic gear comprisinga first magnetic rotor (210) with a first shaft (6); and
a second magnetic rotor (220) with a second shaft (7);
a support structure, comprising a first end shield (5a) and a second end shield (5b) connected by a stator support element (4);
wherein the first shaft (6) is supported by a first bearing (1a) attached to the first end shield (5a) and the second shaft (7) is supported by a second bearing (1b), the first and second magnetic rotors (210, 220) are displaced in axial direction from each other in an axial gap; and
wherein the first shaft and second shaft are approximately aligned in opposite axial directions; and
wherein a plurality of magnetic flux conductors (3) encircles the first and second magnetic rotors, thereby conducting magnetic flux from the first magnetic rotor (210) to the second magnetic rotor (220); and
the magnetic gear comprises a dividing wall (201) arranged in the axial gap between the first magnetic rotor and the second magnetic rotor, to separate a first chamber from a second chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,432,077

VOICE COIL MOTOR

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A voice coil motor (VCM), comprising:a cover can made of metal material, the cover can comprising a top plate comprising a hole, and a side plate extending from the top plate;
a bobbin disposed in the cover can;
a coil disposed on the bobbin;
a magnet disposed between the bobbin and the side plate of the cover can and facing the coil;
a base disposed below the bobbin and coupled with the side plate of the cover can;
a first elastic member comprising an inner portion coupled with a lower surface of the bobbin, an outer portion coupled with an upper surface of the base, and a coupling portion connecting the inner portion and the outer portion, the first elastic member comprising two elastic members spaced apart from each other and the two elastic members being electrically connected to the coil; and
a terminal comprising two terminal parts electrically connected to the two elastic members, respectively,
wherein the terminal comprises an inclined portion with respect to the side plate of the cover can,
wherein the terminal comprises first and second portions that are parallel to the side plate of the cover can, and
wherein the inclined portion of the terminal connects the first portion of the terminal and the second portion of the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,076

HYBRID ELECTRICAL MACHINE

MMT SA, Zug (CH)

1. A hybrid electrical machine comprising:N phases, N being greater than or equal to 1, each phase comprising first and second assemblies adapted to move with respect to each other, one of said assemblies being a magnetised assembly, one or other of said assemblies comprising at least one coil, each of said assemblies having a set of teeth including a number of teeth also distributed in a plurality of periods;
a. said first assembly including a first magnetized part and a second magnetised part, said first magnetized part comprising a first magnet coupled magnetically to a first pair of toothed yokes, said second magnetized part comprising a second magnet coupled magnetically to a second pair of toothed yokes, said first and second magnets are different and separated, said first magnet being polarised on an identical axis and in an opposite direction to polarisation of said second magnet, one of said first pair of toothed yokes being coupled magnetically by a ferromagnetic piece to one of said second pair of toothed yokes;
b. said second assembly comprises at least two toothed zones, with pitches identical to pitches of said pairs of toothed yokes, said toothed zones being coupled magnetically by a ferromagnetic piece; and
c. one of said assemblies comprising said toothed zones and said pairs of toothed yokes having at least two sets of teeth in phase, and said other assembly having at least two sets of teeth out of phase by a half-period.

US Pat. No. 10,432,075

LINEAR MOTOR

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. A linear motor comprising:a housing with an accommodation space;
a magnet assembly accommodated in the accommodation space, the magnet assembly including a main magnet unit and two auxiliary magnet units located on both sides of the main magnet unit for forming a magnetic gap;
a vibration member accommodated in the accommodation space, the vibration member including a coil inserted into the magnetic gap and weights located at both sides of the coil;
a support member suspending the vibration member in the accommodation space, the support member including an elastic supporting member supporting the vibration member and a coil frame inserted into the magnetic gap; wherein
the coil frame is disposed between the coil and the main magnetic unit, and the coil is wound around a side surface of the coil frame opposite to the main magnet unit; and
each weight comprises a top face connecting the elastic supporting member, a bottom face opposite to the top face, and a side face connecting the top face with the bottom face, with a first limiting slot formed as concave from the side face toward the direction away from the coil, and the coil is received in the first limiting slot; wherein,
the vibration member further comprises a connecting piece connecting the coil and the weights, the coil and the weights are sandwiched between the connecting piece and the elastic supporting member; the connecting piece comprises a coil connecting section matched with the coil in shape and a weight connecting section extending in a direction from both ends of the coil connecting section to the weights, the coil is connected with the coil connecting section, the weight connecting section is connected with the weights; and each weight comprises a second limiting slot formed as concave from the bottom face to the top face and communicating with the first limiting slot, the second limiting slot is matched with the connecting piece in shape and accommodates the weight connecting section.

US Pat. No. 10,432,074

VIBRATOR UNIT AND VIBRATION GENERATOR

MINEBEA CO., LTD., Kitsa...

1. A vibrator unit capable of being attached to a housing of a vibration generator, the vibrator unit comprising:a vibrator including a magnet and a back yoke arranged on or above the magnet; and
an elastic member including:
a vibrator attachment part attached to the vibrator;
a housing attachment part attached to the housing; and
an arm part coupling the vibrator attachment part and the housing attachment part, said arm part displaceably supporting the vibrator attachment part at least in a horizontal direction with respect to the housing attachment part,
the back yoke including a planar part arranged on or above the magnet and a holding part bending the planar part toward a frame from the planar part,
the vibrator attachment part being held and embraced by the holding part,
the holding part includes a hole,
the vibrator attachment part includes a projecting part, and
the projecting part is fitted in the hole.

US Pat. No. 10,432,073

MEDICAL PUMP

JOHNSON ELECTRIC INTERNAT...

1. A medical pump comprising:a single phase synchronous motor comprising a stator and a rotor rotatable relative to the stator, the rotor comprising a plurality of permanent magnets, the stator comprising a stator core and a winding wound around the stator core,
wherein the medial pump further comprises an AC-DC conversion circuit and a bidirectional AC switch, an external AC power and the stator winding of the motor are connected in series between a first node and a second node, and the AC-DC conversion circuit and the bidirectional AC switch are connected in parallel between the first node and the second node.

US Pat. No. 10,432,072

DUAL SHAFT INTEGRATED MOTOR

NSK LTD., Tokyo (JP)

1. A dual shaft integrated motor including an inner rotor and an outer rotor that are independently rotatable and rotate in an identical pivotal direction, the inner rotor and the outer rotor each having an output shaft positioned on one end of the pivotal direction, the dual shaft integrated motor comprising:a detection unit including a first detection unit configured to detect a rotation angle of the inner rotor, and a second detection unit configured to detect a rotation angle of the outer rotor;
a bearing unit including a first bearing configured to rotate in conjunction with the inner rotor, and a second bearing configured to rotate in conjunction with the outer rotor;
a stator core unit including a first core serving as a stator core of the inner rotor, and a second core serving as a stator core of the outer rotor; and
a base to which the detection unit, the bearing unit, and the stator core unit are sequentially attached from the one end,
wherein a magnet provided in the inner rotor and the first core each have a shaft length in the pivotal direction longer than a shaft length of a magnet provided in the outer rotor and a shaft length of the second core, and
wherein a shaft length of the second bearing is longer than a shaft length of the first bearing and
wherein the first bearing and second bearing are located at one end of the motor.

US Pat. No. 10,432,071

MANUFACTURING PROCESS FOR THE STATOR AND/OR ROTOR WINDINGS OF AN ELECTRIC MACHINE

SIPRO S.R.L., Lentate su...

1. Manufacturing process for stator and/or rotor windings of an electric motor including a number of cavities distributed along a cylindrical internal surface of the stator and/or a cylindrical external surface of the rotor, respectively, each having a first lateral mouth provided on a first side (A) of the stator and/or the rotor, respectively, a second lateral mouth provided on an opposite side (B) of the stator and/or of the rotor, respectively, and an internal mouth provided on the cylindrical internal surface of the stator and/or along the cylindrical external surface of the rotor, respectively, and further including:A supporting shaft (2) for the stator (1) and/or the rotor, respectively, capable of rotating around its axis, which happens to coincide with the axis of the cylindrical internal surface of the supported stator and/or the axis of the cylindrical external surface of the supported rotor, respectively;
A first (3) and a second (3?) working station respectively allocated on a position opposite to the sides (A, B) of the stator and/or the rotor, respectively, next to the outlet area of one of the first and second lateral mouths, respectively,
A first (4) and a second (4?) carriers, allocated on the first and the second working station, respectively, used for sliding and dragging the wire (f) destined to form the windings in an opposite cavity at the moment processed,
A first (5) and a second (5?) clamp, present on the first and the second working station, respectively, capable of grasping and moving the tip of the wire (f) of the winding in processing phase,
A first (6) and a second (6?) sensor, present on the first and the second working station, respectively, capable of detecting arrival of the extremity of the wire (f) that has crossed a cavity in a processing phase, and comprising the following processing phases aimed at obtaining the progressive passing of the wire in an alternate direction and subsequently, within an established orderly series of cavities:
1. Positioning of the shaft (2) so as to bring a lateral mouth of a first cavity of the series of cavities into a position opposite the first and second carriers (4, 4?);
2. Introducing the tip of the wire, by the first clamp (5), into a first carrier (4) and subsequently introducing the tip, by the action of the first carrier, into the first lateral mouth of the first cavity, and its sliding the wire within the first cavity and exiting from a second lateral mouth, until the wire has passed through the second carrier (4?) and is detected by the second sensor (6?);
3. Actuating the second clamp (5?), which after grasping the wire next to its tip moves a certain distance in the forward direction of the wire and rotates its tip until orienting it into an opposite direction, either in this phase or in one of the phase 4, 5 and 6 outlined below;
4. Continuing the exit of the wire from the second lateral mouth, until the length of the exited wire has reached a value adequate for completing the passing of the wire into the mentioned series of cavities;
5. Arresting the dragging action of the first (4) and the second (4?) carrier and starting the action of a third clamp (7) in the first working station, which blocks the tail of the wire near the first lateral mouth of the first cavity of the series of cavities;
6. Disengaging the wire from the first and second carrier and rotating the shaft (2), together with the mentioned third clamp (7), until the lateral mouths of the second cavity of the mentioned series of cavities are brought to a position opposite the mentioned carriers;
7. Repeating the previous processing phases 2 and 3, while interpreting the same substituting the terms “first clamp (5)”, “first carrier (4)”, “first mouth of the first cavity”, “second mouth”, “second carrier (4?)” and “second sensor (6?)”, with the terms “second clamp (5?)”, “second carrier (4?)”, “second mouth of the second cavity”, “first mouth”, “first carrier (4)” and “first sensor (6)”, respectively;
8. Continuing the exit of the wire from the first lateral mouth of the second cavity of the mentioned series of cavities, until the wire has disengaged from the second carrier and the length of the wire connecting the second lateral mouth of the first cavity of the series of cavities to the second lateral mouth of the second cavity has been reduced by a certain value slightly exceeding the distance between the internal mouths of the first and second cavities;
9. Disengaging the wire from the first carrier and rotating the shaft (2) until the lateral mouths of a third cavity of the series of cavities are brought to a position opposite the first and second carriers;
10. Repeating, mutatis mutandis, the previous operations from 7 to 9 for all the remaining cavities of the series of cavities, until the tip of the wire exits from one of the lateral mouths of the last cavity of the series of cavities.

US Pat. No. 10,432,069

CONTROLLER-INTEGRATED ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A controller-integrated rotary electric machine having a power circuit portion provided between an external power source and a stator winding of a rotary electric machine main body, wherein the power circuit portion includes:a positive-side power input/output terminal and a negative-side power input/output terminal that are electrically connected to the external power source;
a power module that is connected to the external power source by the positive-side power input/output terminal and the negative-side power input/output terminal, is also connected to the stator winding, and performs power conversion between the external power source and the stator winding; and
a single heat sink that cools the power module,
the positive-side power input/output terminal being fixed to the single heat sink via an insulating material, and
the negative-side power input/output terminal being fixed directly to the single heat sink, wherein
either one of the positive-side power input/output terminal and the negative-side power input/output terminal is attached to a harness mount provided with an even number of depressions arranged at approximately equal intervals, and
the other one of the terminals is attached to a harness mount provided with an odd number of depressions arranged at approximately equal intervals, the odd number of depressions being three or more.

US Pat. No. 10,432,068

SENSING UNIT AND MOTOR USING THE SAME

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A sensing unit for a motor, comprising:a rotating shaft;
a sensing plate press-fitted to a structure in which the sensing plate passes through the rotating shaft, wherein the sensing plate comprises a through hole and at least one anti-slip projection formed at and protruding from an inner surface of the through hole;
a sensing magnet disposed on the sensing plate; and
a fixing plate coupled to a center of the rotating shaft by a coupling member and disposed in a structure in which the fixing plate covers an exposed surface of the sensing magnet,
wherein the fixing plate is coupled to the center of the rotating shaft when an exposed surface of the sensing plate is pressurized,
wherein an outer radius of the sensing magnet is smaller than an outer radius of the fixing plate and the outer radius of the fixing plate is smaller than an outer radius of the sensing plate, and
wherein the fixing plate is disposed to cover a top surface and an outer surface of the sensing magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,432,067

ELECTRIC MOTOR

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An electric motor comprising:a rotor having a plurality of magnetic poles arranged in a circumferential direction and being configured to be rotatable about an axis;
a stator coil including phase windings of a plurality of phases, the phase windings constituting, for each phase, a forward-wound portion in which an electric wire is wound in a forward winding direction and a reverse-wound portion in which the electric wire is wound in a reverse direction to the forward winding direction, the forward-wound and reverse-wound portions of the plurality of phases being arranged in the circumferential direction;
a substrate having a drive circuit, a control circuit and three magnetic sensors mounted thereon, the drive circuit being configured to output, for rotating the rotor, alternating current to the stator coil and thereby cause a rotating magnetic field to be outputted from the stator coil to the plurality of magnetic poles, the control circuit being configured to control the drive circuit, the three magnetic sensors being configured to detect, for detecting rotation of the rotor, magnetic flux from the plurality of magnetic poles; and
three guide members provided to guide the magnetic flux emanating from the plurality of magnetic poles respectively to the three magnetic sensors, at least one of the three guide members being arranged at a first position where magnetic fluxes respectively emanating from one pair of the forward-wound and reverse-wound portions of the same phase are canceled by each other, at least one of the three guide members other than the at least one guide member arranged at the first position being arranged at a second position, the second position being different from the first position,
wherein
the control circuit controls, based on detection values of the three magnetic sensors, the drive circuit to activate the rotor, and
after completion of the activation of the rotor, the control circuit controls rotational speed of the rotor based on the detection values of at least one of the three magnetic sensors which detects the magnetic flux guided by the at least one guide member arranged at the first position.

US Pat. No. 10,432,066

GENERATING YOUR OWN POWER

1. A portable apparatus for generating electrical power comprising:a stator comprising a plurality of coils, coil units or coil segments for independently generating electrical power, wherein the stator comprises a printed coil laminate comprising a sheet of insulator material and a printed conductor comprising conductive ink printed upon the sheet of insulator material arranged to form said plurality of coils, coil units or coil segments; and
a reciprocator comprising a magnet, the reciprocator being responsive to vibrations and/or shocks and moves in that regard within an environs of the stator so as to generate electrical power, wherein the reciprocator comprises a magnetised disc which is movable within a volume comprising said stator, and wherein the magnetised disc is freely movable in all directions within a single plane;
wherein the apparatus is connectable to a portable electronic device so as to power that device and/or to a storage device for storing the generated electrical power.

US Pat. No. 10,432,065

BRUSHLESS MOTOR FOR A POWER TOOL

MILWAUKEE ELECTRIC TOOL C...

1. A power tool, comprising:a housing;
a controller within the housing; and
a brushless motor within the housing and controlled by the controller, the brushless motor including:
a stator assembly including a stator core having stator laminations with an annular portion and inwardly extending stator teeth, wherein the stator assembly defines a stator envelope in an axial direction extending between axial ends of stator end caps of the stator assembly,
a rotor assembly including:
a rotor core having rotor laminations and defining a central aperture that extends in the axial direction and that receives an output shaft,
a front rotor end cap provided on a first side of the rotor core, wherein the front rotor end cap has a front bearing holder, and
a rear rotor end cap provided on a second side of the rotor core, wherein the rear rotor end cap has a rear bearing holder and defines a channel open on a side of the rear rotor end cap facing the rotor core, and
a position sensor board assembly including position sensors and configured to provide position information of the rotor core to the controller, wherein the position sensor board assembly is provided in the channel,
wherein the rotor assembly and the position sensor board assembly are provided at least partially within the stator envelope.

US Pat. No. 10,432,064

HUB MOTOR ARRANGEMENT OR VEHICLE WITH HUB MOTOR ARRANGEMENT

RAZOR USA LLC, Cerritos,...

1. A hub motor arrangement, comprising:a housing defining an interior space and an axis of rotation;
an axle defining the axis of rotation of the housing, wherein a first end portion of the axle is located outside of the interior space of the housing and a second end portion of the axle is located within the interior space of the housing such that the axle does not pass completely through the housing;
a first plurality of planet gears, each of the first plurality of planet gears supported on a first planet carrier, the first planet carrier comprising a carrier sun gear;
a second plurality of planet gears, each of the second plurality of planet gears supported on a second planet carrier and driven by the carrier sun gear;
a motor, wherein the first plurality of planet gears and the second plurality of planet gears are positioned between the axle and the motor along the axis of rotation;
a sun gear driven by the motor and that drives the first plurality of planet gears;
a ring gear driven by the first plurality of planet gears and the second plurality of planet gears, wherein the ring gear drives the housing for rotation about the axis of rotation;
wherein the motor is coupled for rotation with the ring gear and the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,432,063

MAGNETICALLY LEVITATED ARRANGEMENT AND USE OF MAGNETICALLY LEVITATED ARRANGEMENT OF THIS KIND

AIRBUS OPERATIONS GMBH, ...

1. A magnetically levitated arrangement for contactless movement relative to a material surface, comprising:at least one magnetizable reaction surface, and
at least one magnetically levitated unit, which is adapted to be arranged relative to the reaction surface so as to interact therewith, wherein the magnetically levitated unit has at least one pair of rotatably supported rotary magnet units, each rotary magnet unit being rotatable about an axis of rotation and having a plurality of magnetic elements arranged with alternating poles and respectively substantially parallel to the axis of rotation perpendicularly to the reaction surface, and each pair of the rotary magnet units being formed to interact, due to rotation of the two rotary magnet units in opposite directions relative to one another and relative to at least one reaction surface, in such a way with the reaction surface that
forces holding the at least one magnetically levitated unit at a distance from the at least one reaction surface are generated,
due to the opposite directions of rotation of the rotary magnet units of each pair, a directed drive force moving the magnetically levitated unit relative to the reaction surface can be generated, and
a fiber composite surface disposed between the at least one reaction surface and the at least one magnetically levitated unit,
wherein a contactless movement relative to the fiber composite surface is achieved by the at least one magnetically levitated unit,
wherein the forces holding the at least one magnetically levitated unit at a distance from the at least one reaction surface act so that the distance maintained due to these forces between the at least one magnetically levitated unit and the at least one reaction surface permits a contactless take-up of the fiber composite surface between the at least one magnetically levitated unit and the at least one reaction surface.

US Pat. No. 10,432,062

LINEAR ACTUATOR

1. A linear actuator comprising a housing, an electric motor a transmission, a spindle in connection with the transmission, a spindle nut on the spindle, a tubular adjustment element, which with a rear end is connected to the spindle nut, a guide tube for the tubular adjustment element, a chassis in which the guide tube with a rear end is secured, and a mounting bushing in which the rear end of the guide tube is secured and where the mounting bushing is secured to the chassis, wherein stampings are done from an outer side of the mounting bushing and into the guide tube for retaining the guide tube, wherein the stampings are made opposite of screw channels in the guide tube and the stampings are received in the screw channels.

US Pat. No. 10,432,061

FLYWHEEL ASSEMBLY

GKN HYBRID POWER LIMITED,...

1. An annular rotor for a flywheel, the rotor comprising:a tow comprising a matrix of fibres wound about an axis and arranged in layers comprising a gap between adjacent tow windings, wherein a winding angle between a normal to the axis and the tow is less than 3.5° and the matrix further comprises magnetic particles of a size less than a critical flaw size of the tow, wherein the critical flaw size is calculated based on a maximum amount of stress that the annular rotor is to be exposed to during operation of the flywheel.

US Pat. No. 10,432,060

STATOR INSULATOR WITH PROTRUSIONS FOR MOUNTING BUS BAR

LG Innotek Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A motor comprising:A stator including a stator core, a coil wound around the stator core, and an insulator mounted on the stator core and configured to insulate the coil and the stator core, wherein the insulator includes a vibration prevention unit;
a busbar disposed on the stator and conductively connected to the coil, including a plurality of recesses wherein each recess has an upper surface and a lateral surface perpendicular to the upper surface and is formed on an inner circumferential surface of the busbar to receive the vibration prevention unit, and including guide units disposed between adjacent recesses;
a rotor disposed inside the stator; and
a shaft coupled to the rotor,
wherein the vibration prevention unit extends upward from an upper surface of an inner circumferential part thereof and is in contact with the inner circumferential surface of the busbar;
wherein sides of the vibration prevention unit are in contact with and rub sides of the guide units,
wherein the vibration prevention unit includes a hook formed on an upper end of the vibration prevention unit, the hook is formed to protrude inwardly, and the hook includes a blocking surface blocking an upper surface of the busbar,
wherein the recesses are formed to be inclined toward a center of a ring-shaped body made of an insulating material and provided on the busbar, and
wherein a side of the vibration prevention unit is formed to be inclined.

US Pat. No. 10,432,059

ELECTRIC ACTUATOR

JOHNSON ELECTRIC INTERNAT...

1. An electric actuator comprising:a motor comprising an outer housing accommodating a stator and a rotor therein and a rotary shaft extending from an end surface of the outer housing; and
a vibration damping gasket made from a resilient material which is attached to the motor, the vibration damping gasket comprising an annular body sleeved on the outer housing of the motor and an end wall abutting against the end surface of the outer housing from which the rotary shaft extends from, the end wall defining a through hole through which the rotary shaft extends; and wherein
the annular body of vibration damping gasket comprises an inner cylindrical surface which expands radially and tightly hoops a side surface of the outer housing, and the end wall of the vibration damping gasket comprises an inner flat surface directly contacted the end surface of the outer housing.

US Pat. No. 10,432,058

DEVICE FOR THE VIBRATION-DECOUPLED MOUNTING OF A MOTOR

1. A device for vibration-decoupled mounting of an electric motor, in particular a fan drive of a heating or air conditioning system of a motor vehicle, the device comprising:a plurality of damping and/or decoupling elements arranged on a motor side, at least one of the plurality of damping or decoupling elements being supported eccentrically in relation to the electric motor, a stator of the electric motor, a pole housing of the electric motor, or a motor housing of the electric motor in an axial direction,
wherein the at least one of the plurality of damping or decoupling elements comprises:
an axially running slot configured to receive a stabilizing rib of the electric motor in a form-fitting manner; and
a plurality of radially running recess holes on a surface of the at least one of the plurality of damping or decoupling elements,
wherein the axially running slot is on a first surface which is opposite from the surface in which the plurality of radially running recess holes is located, and
wherein the plurality of radially running recess holes extend in a radial direction at lateral sides of the axial running slot toward the first surface without extending through the first surface.

US Pat. No. 10,432,057

MOTOR AND BRAKE DEVICE INCLUDING SAME

LG Innotek Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A motor comprising:a rotary shaft;
a rotor part in which the rotary shaft is disposed;
a stator part disposed outside the rotor part;
a housing configured to accommodate the rotor part and the stator part, and having an opening formed in one side thereof; and
a motor cover disposed at the opening of the housing,
wherein the motor cover comprises:
a motor cover body;
a first protruding part and a second protruding part that are each formed at a predetermined location radially outward from a center of the motor cover body and configured to protrude from the motor cover body; and
a third protruding part formed to protrude from an edge of the motor cover body,
wherein a sealing part is disposed between an end portion of the housing, which is disposed between the second protruding part and the third protruding part, and the second protruding part,
wherein the second protruding part is formed to have a ring shape,
wherein the second protruding part is formed so that a part of a lower portion of an outer surface thereof is bent toward the third protruding part,
wherein the sealing part is disposed to cover an end portion of the second protruding part, and
wherein one region of the sealing part is disposed between an inner circumferential surface of the housing and an outer side surface of the second protruding part.

US Pat. No. 10,432,056

ELECTRIC MACHINE ROTOR ENDCAP

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle electric machine comprising:a stator including end windings extending axially from the stator; and
a rotor disposed within the stator and including an endcap having an outer face (i) bounded by an outermost perimeter corner and an outer periphery and (ii) defining outlets configured to release coolant on the outer face, the outermost perimeter corner being furrowed to distribute the coolant on the outer face to different axial locations of the end windings during rotation.

US Pat. No. 10,432,055

MOTOR, ACTUATOR, SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING APPARATUS, AND FLAT DISPLAY MANUFACTURING APPARATUS

NSK LTD., Tokyo (JP)

1. A motor comprising:a stator which includes a coil and a stator core;
a rotor which is disposed at the outside of the stator in the radial direction and rotates relative to the stator;
a rotor housing which rotates along with the rotor;
a stator housing which fixes the stator thereto, includes a space formed between the stator housing and the rotor housing, and overlaps the rotor housing with a first gap interposed therebetween in the entire circumferential direction;
a bearing which supports the rotor housing to be rotatable relative to the stator housing;
an annular member which overlaps the stator housing with a second gap interposed therebetween in the entire circumferential direction inside the space;
an exhaust hole which sucks and discharges air of the space through the second gap; and
an exhaust groove which is interposed between the second gap and the exhaust hole and is provided at the stator housing in the entire circumferential direction along the second gap.

US Pat. No. 10,432,054

VEHICLE BRUSHLESS AC GENERATOR

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A vehicle brushless AC generator, comprising:a rotary shaft;
a magnetic pole core firmly fixed to the rotary shaft, the magnetic pole core having a magnetic pole;
a field coil fixedly mounted on an inner peripheral portion of the magnetic pole core;
a yoke section that firmly fixes the field coil to form a magnetic circuit with a bias of the field coil;
a bowl-shaped front bracket that firmly fixes the yoke section and is supported by the rotary shaft through intermediation of a front bearing;
a stator core arranged to be opposed to the magnetic pole core through intermediation of a minute air gap;
a stator coil wound around the stator core;
a bowl-shaped rear bracket that firmly fixes the stator core together with the bowl-shaped front bracket and is supported by the rotary shaft through intermediation of a rear bearing;
a voltage regulator mounted to the bowl-shaped rear bracket, for controlling an energization current of the field coil;
a lead wire having one end connected to the field coil and another end connected to the voltage regulator, the lead wire being arranged at an inner peripheral portion of each of the bowl-shaped front bracket and the bowl-shaped rear bracket;
a groove formed in an inner wall of the bowl-shaped front bracket; and
a mold body mounted in the groove, the mold body comprising a body formed separately from the lead wire and into which the lead wire is insertable, so as to be disposed about an outermost layer of the lead wire for insulating and protecting the lead wire.

US Pat. No. 10,432,053

STATOR FOR ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A stator for a rotating electrical machine, comprising:an annular stator core in which a plurality of slots are formed to be arrayed in a circumferential direction of the stator core;
a stator winding that comprises a plurality of conductor segments having oblique portions formed by open end portions of the conductor segments being twisted in the circumferential direction, the open end portions being inserted into the slots from one of two axial-direction sides of the stator core and extending towards another one of the two axial-direction side of the stator core, and terminals of the oblique portions being joined to one another; and
an insulating sheet member that is interposed between an inner wall surface of each of the slots and each of the conductor segments,
the insulating sheet member is one sheet that is rolled into a cylindrical shape along the inner wall surface of each of the slots, the cylindrical shape extending out of the slots,
each of the slots including
a first portion that houses the conductor segments therein,
a second portion that has a V-shaped cross section that narrows to have a circumferential distance between adjacent surfaces narrower than the circumferential width of each of the conductor segments, that provides a V-shaped space between a nearest conductor segment and the V-shaped cross section when the conductor segments are at a most radially inward or outward position, and that communicates with one of two radial-direction sides of the first portion, and
an opening portion that communicates with an inner-diameter side of two radial direction sides with respect to the first portion and the second portion, and has an opening width that is smaller than a width of each of the conductor segments,
the insulating sheet member including
an overlapping portion in which two circumferential-direction end portions of the insulating sheet member overlap each other, the overlapping portion being disposed on the other of the two radial-direction sides of the first portion, and
a slack portion that is disposed opposite the overlapping portion and that is bent to include a substantially U-shaped cross-section that projects in the radial direction away from a radial-direction end surface of the conductor segments, the slack portion being housed in the second portion of each of the slots,
wherein a cross-sectional area of the second portion of each of the slots is approximately equal to or larger than a cross-sectional area of the slack portion of the insulating sheet member.

US Pat. No. 10,432,052

SIDE WINDING MOTOR STATOR AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

1. A side winding motor stator, comprising:a plurality of stator structures, engaged side by side to form a stator module, each of the stator structures further comprising:
a stator tooth; and
an insulated frame, sleeving the stator tooth, further including a sleeve portion, an inner frame, an outer frame and an extension frame integrated as a unique piece, the inner frame and the outer frame being located to opposing ends of the sleeve portion, the extension frame being extended from the outer frame and having a gap;
a plurality of winding structures, each of the plurality of winding structures further including a slot assembly, an alignment portion and a position portion integrated as a unique piece, the slot assembly contacting at one side of the extension frame and having a plurality of lateral slots parallel arranged in an axial direction, the alignment portion engaging the extension frame by buckling the gap, the position portion contacting an outer side of the extension frame by opposing to the slot assembly with respect to the gap; and
a plurality of winding rolls, fixed respectively into the corresponding lateral slots in a buckling manner.

US Pat. No. 10,432,051

DC MOTOR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A DC motor comprising:a cylindrical yoke constituting a magnetic path;
pole cores fixed to an inner periphery of the yoke so as to be arranged at even intervals along a circumferential direction of the yoke; and
a field conductor that generates a magnetic field to magnetize the pole cores when supplied with a current,
wherein the field conductor includes inter-core conductors, each of which extends in an axial direction of the yoke so as to be disposed between the circumferentially adjacent pole cores,
each of the inter-core conductors being formed by integrating a first conductor part that generates a magnetic field to be applied to one of the circumferentially adjacent pole cores and a second conductor part that generates a magnetic field to be applied to the other of the circumferentially adjacent pole cores, and
wherein the field coil includes coil conductors, each of which is comprised of the circumferentially adjacent inter-core conductors which are joined in a U-shape, the field coil being formed as layers of the coil conductors stacked in a radial direction of the yoke or a layer-stacking direction.

US Pat. No. 10,432,049

ROTOR FOR A ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE

MOTEURS LEROY-SOMER, Ang...

1. A rotor for a rotary electric machine, comprising:a rotor magnetic mass;
a housing formed in the rotor magnetic mass; and
at least two permanent magnets defining a first pole of the rotor and a second pole of the rotor adjacent to the first pole, the at least two permanent magnets being disposed in the housing on either side of a radial axis, which passes through the housing, of one of the poles,
wherein among the at least two permanent magnets, permanent magnets inherent to the first pole contribute only to a polarity of the first pole and at least one shared permanent magnet contributes in part to the polarity of the first pole and in part to a polarity of the second pole.

US Pat. No. 10,432,048

SKEWED ROTOR CORES WITH GROOVES FOR REDUCING COGGING TORQUE

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

1. A rotating electric motor comprising:a stator including a stator coil and a stator core provided annularly; and
a rotor located at an inner peripheral side of the stator core and rotatable relative to the stator, the rotor including a rotor core provided at an outer periphery of a rotor rotation shaft via a core support portion, the rotor core having a plurality of magnetic poles in which a plurality of sets of permanent magnets are provided along a circumferential direction, wherein
the rotor core includes a plurality of rotor core divided bodies that are aligned in an axial direction, that are concentrically arranged, and that are shifted in phase from each other by a determined angle, and a pair of grooves are provided on an outer peripheral portion of each rotor core divided body so as to be spaced apart from each other in the circumferential direction with respect to a center of each magnetic pole,
wherein each groove has a deepest point provided within a range of an angle ?a formed by a rotation center of the rotor and both corner ends, in the circumferential direction, of the permanent magnets that form each magnetic pole, and wherein an angle ?b between the deepest point of each groove and the corner ends, in the circumferential direction, of the permanent magnet is in the range equal to or greater than 3° and less than 5°, as an electrical angle, between which cogging torque is not greater than a specified value.

US Pat. No. 10,432,047

ASYMMETRICAL SURFACE GROOVE PATTERNS FOR PERMANENT MAGNET MACHINE ROTORS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A permanent magnet machine comprising:a rotor, configured to rotate about an axis, comprising first and second stacks of same laminations defining poles and axial grooves on a circumferential surface, wherein the axial grooves are asymmetric about a centerline of each of the poles, and coupled such that the second stack is flipped relative to the first stack and centerlines of the first stack are aligned with centerlines of the second stack.

US Pat. No. 10,432,044

ROTOR INCLUDING STACKED CORES, MOTOR, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ROTOR, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING MOTOR

Denso Corporation, Kariy...

1. A rotor comprising:a rotor core;
permanent magnets arranged on an outer surface of the rotor core in a circumferential direction, wherein the permanent magnets each have a curved outer surface as viewed in an axial direction; and
a tubular non-magnetic cover that covers the outer surfaces of the permanent magnets, wherein
the rotor core includes at least two stacked cores,
the stacked cores each include a stack of core sheets,
one of the stacked cores is a low hardness portion, and another one of the stacked cores is a high hardness portion,
the low hardness portion is formed from a material having a lower hardness than the high hardness portion,
the non-magnetic cover includes a high-pressure contact portion and a low-pressure contact portion,
the high-pressure contact portion of the non-magnetic cover is located on the high hardness portion of the stacked cores, and
the low-pressure contact portion of the non-magnetic cover is located on the low hardness portion of the stacked cores.

US Pat. No. 10,432,043

SLOTTED ROTOR-BRIDGE FOR ELECTRICAL MACHINES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An electric machine comprising:a rotor provided with a cavity containing a magnet, an outer periphery, and a top bridge therebetween, the top bridge including at least two slots each having a length in a radial direction, a maximum of the lengths being closest a Q-axis and a minimum of the lengths being closest a D-axis.

US Pat. No. 10,432,042

STATOR STRUCTURE

ASIA VITAL COMPONENTS CO....

1. A stator structure comprising:a bearing cup disposed on a base seat, the bearing cup having a receiving space;
a bearing received in the receiving space, a bottom end of the bearing being formed with an extension section outward extending from the bearing;
a silicon steel sheet assembly fitted around the bearing cup, the silicon steel sheet assembly having an upper end face and a lower end face; and
a press member correspondingly assembled and disposed on a top end of the bearing cup, the press member having a first press section and a second press section protruding from one face of the press member, the first press section correspondingly pressing the extension section of the bearing, the second press section correspondingly pressing the upper end face of the silicon steel sheet assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,432,041

STATOR, MOTOR, COMPRESSOR, AND REFRIGERATING AND AIR-CONDITIONING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A stator comprising:a winding; and
a plurality of split core parts arranged annularly in a circumferential direction around an axis line, each of the plurality of split core parts including:
a yoke part,
a tooth part extending in a radial direction toward the axis line from the yoke part,
a connection part including a curved surface connecting the yoke part and the tooth part,
a first insulator having an outer edge and provided on an end part of the tooth part in an axis line direction parallel to the axis line, and
a second insulator covering a side surface of the tooth part facing in the circumferential direction, wherein
the winding is wound around the connection part and the tooth part with the first insulator and the second insulator in between,
the first insulator includes a first protruding part protruding beyond the curved surface, and
a length from a position farthest from the curved surface, of the outer edge of the first protruding part to the curved surface is larger than five times a thickness of the second insulator.

US Pat. No. 10,432,040

PERMANENT MAGNET SYNCHRONOUS MOTOR

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A 10-pole 9-slot stator core including an annular yoke and a plurality of teeth arranged inward of the annular yoke apart in a circumferential direction of the annular yoke, whereineach of the plurality of teeth has a portion around which a coil is wound, wherein
the plurality of teeth include 3N number of teeth groups, wherein
each of the 3N number of teeth groups includes a first tooth, a second tooth, and a third tooth of the 3N number of teeth group sequentially arranged in a rotational direction of the rotor and around which coils of one phase are wound, andwhereina width of the portion of the second tooth is narrower than a width of the portion of the third tooth, and N is an integer of one or greater.

US Pat. No. 10,432,039

PARKING ASSIST SYSTEM AND PARKING ASSIST METHOD

NISSAN MOTOR CO., LTD., ...

1. A parking assist system used in a wireless power supply system which performs wireless power supply between a ground-side coil unit and a vehicle-side coil unit, the parking assist system comprising:a measurement sensor configured to measure a gap between the vehicle-side coil unit and the ground-side coil unit; and
a controller configured to
set in advance a first region defined in a plane including an X-axis direction and a Y-axis direction perpendicular to a Z-axis direction, which is a height direction of a vehicle, in which the wireless power supply is possible when the gap, which is a distance in the Z-axis direction, between the vehicle-side coil unit and the ground-side coil unit is maximum and a second region defined in the plane in which the wireless power supply is possible when the gap is minimum, and
determine a position of the vehicle-side coil unit in the X-axis and Y-axis directions relative to each of the first region and the second region, and
determine a possibility of the wireless power supply based on a gap measurement value measured by the measurement sensor when the position of the vehicle-side coil unit is determined to be outside the first region and inside the second region, and
a display configured to display a result of the determination to an occupant of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,432,038

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND WIRELESS CHARGING METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ELECTRONIC DEVICE

1. A wireless charging method for an electronic device, comprising:detecting an environmental parameter transmitted by a wireless charging device; and
moving a receiving antenna board within the electronic device to a designated position of the electronic device according to the environmental parameter, wherein charging efficiency for charging the electronic device at the designated position is higher than charging efficiency for charging the electronic device at other positions;
wherein moving the receiving antenna board within the electronic device to the designated position according to the environmental parameter comprises:
determining a center position of a transmitting antenna board in the wireless charging device according to the environmental parameter; and
moving the receiving antenna board to a position matching with the center position, wherein the position matching with the center position is taken as the designated position;
wherein prior to moving the receiving antenna board within the electronic device to the designated position according to the environmental parameter, the method further comprises:
reserving a designated region on a back surface of the electronic device or a protective cover of the electronic device, wherein the designated region is a range of movement of the receiving antenna board;
wherein a first piston, a second piston, a third piston and a fourth piston are provided within the designated region, wherein a first position of the first piston and a second position of the second piston are perpendicular to each other; the third piston has a linkage relationship with the first piston, and the fourth piston has a linkage relationship with the second piston; moving the receiving antenna board within the electronic device to the designated position according to the environmental parameter comprises:
generating a third control instruction and/or a fourth control instruction according to the environment parameter; and
triggering, by the third control instruction, a third driving device to control the third piston to drive the first piston to transversely push the receiving antenna board, and/or triggering, by the fourth control instruction, a fourth driving device to control the fourth piston to drive the second piston to longitudinally push the receiving antenna board.

US Pat. No. 10,432,036

FOREIGN OBJECT DETECTION

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

10. A device for wireless charging of a remote device, the device comprising:a transmitter circuit configured to:
transmit power to the remote device;
measure first parameters of an antenna circuit connected to an output of the control circuit; and
model the antenna circuit as a first virtual antenna portion and a second virtual antenna portion by assigning predetermined characteristics to the first virtual antenna portion and determining characteristics of the second virtual antennal portion based upon the first parameters; and
detect the presence of a foreign object by:
receiving reference characteristics of the antenna circuit from a receiver device;
measuring second parameters of the antenna circuit;
determine characteristics for the first virtual antenna from the second parameters and by fixing the determined characteristics of the second virtual antenna portion; and
identifying a foreign object by comparing the determined characteristics for the first virtual antenna with the characteristics received from the receiver device.

US Pat. No. 10,432,035

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE, METHOD FOR CONTROLLING WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE, GAME SYSTEM, AND MEMORY SYSTEM

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. A wireless communication device comprising:a first interface configured to electrically connect to a first host device, the first interface communicating with the first host device in accordance with an SD (secure digital) interface;
a first memory part including a nonvolatile memory, the nonvolatile memory operating based on power supplied through the first interface from the first host device;
a wireless antenna generating power based on a radio wave from a second host device different from the first host device;
a second memory part configured to operate based on power generated by the wireless antenna; and
a second interface being configured to operate based on power generated by the wireless antenna, and communicating with the second host device in compliance with an NFC (near field communication), wherein
when the first interface is electrically connected from the first host device, the first interface sends a first data read from at least one of the first memory part and the second memory part to the first host device in accordance with a first command sent from the first host device, and the second interface sends a second data read from at least one of the first memory part and the second memory part to the second host device in accordance with a second command received through the wireless antenna from the second host device, and
when the first interface is electrically disconnected from the first host device, the second interface sends a third data read from the second memory part through the wireless antenna to the second host device in accordance with a third command received through the wireless antenna from the second host device.

US Pat. No. 10,432,034

ON-OFF APPARATUS AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

TENDYRON CORPORATION, Be...

1. An on-off apparatus, comprising an alternating current (AC) input end, an AC output end, an on-off module, a first direct current (DC) isolating component and a second DC isolating component;wherein, the on-off module comprises a first pin, a second pin, a third pin, a fourth pin and a control pin, the third pin is electrically connected to a DC power supply, the fourth pin is connected to a ground end, and the control pin is configured to receive a control signal; the on-off module is configured to turn on or off a path between the third pin and the fourth pin under control of the control signal; when the path between the third pin and the fourth pin is turned on, a path between the first pin and the second pin is turned on; when the path between the third pin and the fourth pin is turned off, the path between the first pin and the second pin is turned off;
the first DC isolating component is connected between the AC input end and the first pin, the first DC isolating component is configured to isolate a DC signal between the first pin and the AC input end, and to transmit an AC signal between the first pin and the AC input end;
the second DC isolating component is connected between the AC output end and the second pin, the second DC isolating component is configured to isolate a DC signal between the second pin and the AC output end, and to transmit an AC signal between the second pin and the AC output end.

US Pat. No. 10,432,033

ELECTRONIC DEVICE HAVING A SIDEWALL CONFIGURED TO FACILITATE THROUGH-METAL ENERGY TRANSFER VIA NEAR FIELD MAGNETIC COUPLING

NuCurrent, Inc., Chicago...

1. An electronic device comprising:a) an electronic circuit;
b) a sidewall having a surface extending to a perimeter with an end defining a sidewall surface area and having a sidewall thickness oriented about perpendicular to the sidewall surface;
c) a cut-out having a cut-out perimeter defining a cut-out shape oriented parallel to the sidewall surface residing within the sidewall surface area, the cut-out extending through the sidewall thickness; and
d) at least one slit having a slit length extending from a slit proximal end to a slit distal end, a slit width oriented perpendicular to the slit length, and a slit depth extending at least partially within the sidewall thickness, wherein the slit proximal end extends from the cut-out perimeter and the slit distal end extends towards a sidewall edge;
e) wherein the cut-out and the at least one slit define a cut-out pattern surface area, and
wherein a substrate is configured according to the equation:

where A is the cut-out pattern surface area defined by the combined surface areas of the cut-out and the at least one slit and B is the surface area of the sidewall without the cut-out and the at least one slit within the sidewall.

US Pat. No. 10,432,032

WIRELESS SYSTEM HAVING A SUBSTRATE CONFIGURED TO FACILITATE THROUGH-METAL ENERGY TRANSFER VIA NEAR FIELD MAGNETIC COUPLING

NuCurrent, Inc., Chicago...

1. A system configured to transmit and receive wireless electrical energy, the system comprising:a) a transmitting antenna comprising a transmitting inductor coil;
b) a receiving antenna spaced from the transmitting antenna, the receiving antenna comprising at least one receiving inductor coil positioned on a first substrate, the at least one receiving inductor coil having an inner inductor coil diameter;
c) a second substrate having a second substrate surface extending to a second substrate perimeter with an end defining a second substrate surface area and having a second substrate thickness oriented about perpendicular to the second substrate surface, wherein the second substrate is positioned adjacent to the at least one receiving inductor coil;
d) a cut-out residing within the second substrate area, the cut-out having a cut-out perimeter defining a cut-out shape oriented parallel to the second substrate surface, the cut-out extending through the second substrate thickness, wherein the perimeter of the cut-out is aligned in parallel with the inner diameter of the at least one inductor coil; and
e) at least one slit having a slit length extending from a slit proximal end to a slit distal end, a slit width oriented perpendicular to the slit length, and a slit depth extending at least partially within the second substrate thickness, wherein the slit proximal end extends from the cut-out perimeter, the slit distal end extending towards a second substrate edge.

US Pat. No. 10,432,031

ANTENNA HAVING A SUBSTRATE CONFIGURED TO FACILITATE THROUGH-METAL ENERGY TRANSFER VIA NEAR FIELD MAGNETIC COUPLING

NuCurrent, Inc., Chicago...

1. An antenna configured to receive or transmit wireless electrical energy, the antenna comprising:a) at least one inductor coil positioned on a first substrate, the at least one inductor coil having an inner inductor coil diameter;
b) a second substrate having a second substrate surface extending to a second substrate perimeter having an end defining a second substrate surface area and having a second substrate thickness oriented about perpendicular to the second substrate surface, wherein the second substrate is positioned adjacent to the at least one inductor coil;
c) a cut-out residing within the substrate surface, the cut-out having a cut-out perimeter defining a cut-out shape oriented parallel to the second substrate surface, the cut-out extending through the second substrate thickness, wherein the perimeter of the cut-out is oriented in parallel with the inner diameter of the at least one inductor coil; and
d) at least one slit having a slit length extending from a slit proximal end to a slit distal end, a slit width oriented perpendicular to the slit length, and a slit depth extending at least partially within the second substrate thickness, wherein the slit proximal end extends from the cut-out perimeter, the slit distal end extending towards a second substrate edge.

US Pat. No. 10,432,029

POWER TRANSMISSION DEVICE AND NON-CONTACT POWER FEEDING SYSTEM

ROHM CO., LTD., Ukyo-Ku,...

1. A power transmission device which can transmit power to a power reception device by a magnetic field resonance method, the power transmission device comprising:a power transmission-side resonant circuit which includes a power transmission-side coil for performing the power transmission;
a power transmission circuit which can supply an alternating current voltage to the power transmission-side resonant circuit;
a detection circuit which detects an amplitude of a current flowing through the power transmission-side coil; and
a control circuit which performs power transmission control on the power by controlling a state of the supply of the alternating current voltage to the power transmission-side resonant circuit,
wherein before the power transmission, the control circuit acquires, as a determination amplitude detection value, a detection value by the detection circuit when a predetermined determination alternating current voltage is supplied to the power transmission-side resonant circuit, and controls, based on the determination amplitude detection value, performance of the power transmission through a determination as to whether or not the power reception device can perform proper power reception.

US Pat. No. 10,432,028

WIRELESS POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AND WIRELESS POWER RELAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A wireless power relay apparatus, comprising:a plurality of relay resonators, each relay resonator of the plurality of relay resonators configured to relay power from a source resonator configured to wirelessly transmit the power to a target resonator configured to wirelessly receive the power through a mutual resonance, and at least one relay resonator among the plurality of relay resonators having a higher quality factor than the target resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,432,026

PRIMARY-SIDE POWER CONTROL FOR INDUCTIVE POWER TRANSFER

Auckland UniServices Limi...

1. A method of controlling an output voltage of a pickup in an inductive power transfer (IPT) system comprising the pickup, a power supply, and a primary conductive path, the method comprising steps of:deriving an estimate of the output voltage of the pickup from a real component of a voltage across the primary conductive path; and
adjusting a current in the primary conductive path so that the estimated pickup output voltage matches a required pickup output voltage, by controlling a voltage supplied to the primary conductive path by the power supply.

US Pat. No. 10,431,797

SEPARATOR INCLUDING A POLYSULFIDE BARRIER LAYER FOR A BATTERY CELL, AND BATTERY CELL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A separator for separating an anode and a cathode in a battery cell, comprising:a copolymer ion-conducting conductive layer that includes a stabilizing phase and an ionically conductive phase, wherein the stabilizing phase effectuates a mechanical strength of the separator, and wherein the ionically conductive phase of the separator is used to conduct ions through the separator; and
a protective layer whose composition is different than a composition of the conductive layer, that is impermeable to polysulfides, and includes an inorganic substance;
wherein the conductive layer transitions into the protective layer,
wherein the protective layer includes a copolymer and has a mechanically stabilizing phase and an ionically conductive phase, wherein chemically reactive particles are embedded in the ionically conductive phase and the chemically reactive particles are distributed at a distance from each other in the ionically conductive phase, so that clearances remain between the chemically reactive particles to provide ion conduction through the ionically conductive phase of the protective layer and through the separator.

US Pat. No. 10,431,792

HOUSING COMPRISING OVERPRESSURE PROTECTION

TRELLEBORG SEALING SOLUTI...

1. A housing having an overpressure protection, comprising:a pressure relief opening which extends from the housing interior to the housing external side;
a diaphragm sealing plug, from a rubber-elastic material, which is disposed in the pressure relief opening in the seal seat in order for the latter to be closed in a fluid-tight manner, wherein the diaphragm sealing plug is disposed so as to be loose in the pressure relief opening, and the diaphragm sealing plug has a central portion and an angled free peripheral portion by way of which the diaphragm sealing plug in a direction that is radial to the central axis of the diaphragm sealing plug bears in a fully circumferential and sealing manner on a housing wall that delimits the pressure relief opening, wherein the free peripheral portion in the non-pressurized operating state of the diaphragm sealing plug extends away from the central portion in the direction of the housing external side and in the axial direction extends up to the housing external side or projects beyond the housing external side, wherein a radial contact compression of the free peripheral portion of the diaphragm sealing plug against the housing wall in the non-pressurized operating state of the diaphragm sealing plug is reduced axially in the direction of the housing external side;
wherein the central portion in the non-pressurized state in the cross section is configured so as to be W-shaped and has a central concavity having an apex, said central concavity being disposed on the central axis and in the axial direction pointing toward the external side of the housing, said apex being disposed in the axial direction between the two peripheral portions of the diaphragm sealing plug, wherein the concavity of the central portion is formed by two central legs which conjointly enclose an obtuse angle ? that is open toward the housing interior; and
wherein the central portion by way of an increasing housing internal pressure in the axial direction is deformable in such a manner that the peripheral portion by way of a tension stress that is derived from the deformation of the central portion is releasable in a manner proportional to the pressure from the housing wall in the axial direction, in a progressive manner from the inside to the outside, until the diaphragm sealing plug releases the pressure relief opening when a predefined maximum housing internal pressure is reached or exceeded.

US Pat. No. 10,431,791

TRACTION BATTERY PACK SHIELD AND SHIELDING METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A battery assembly, comprising:a traction battery pack having a polymer-based enclosure;
a shield having a floor and a plurality of walls extending transversely away from the floor, the shield provides a cavity that receives a traction battery pack of an electrified vehicle, the cavity is larger than the traction battery pack so that there is a gap between at least some of the plurality of the walls and the traction battery pack within the cavity,
the battery pack supported on the floor of the shield and biased toward a vehicle frame, the walls extending transversely from the floor to the vehicle frame;
a vehicle frame spanning over the cavity from a first one of the plurality of walls to an opposite, second one of the plurality of walls, wherein the shield is electrically grounded to the vehicle frame; and
an isolator of the shield that isolates loads moving from the vehicle frame to the shield, wherein the isolator is a corrugated portion of the shield, and the shield with the corrugated portion is a metal or metal alloy.

US Pat. No. 10,431,790

BATTERY MODULE HAVING ELECTRODE LEAD WITH DAMPING STRUCTURE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery module comprising:two or more battery cells, which can be charged and discharged, stacked in a state of being adjacent to each other in a vertical direction or in a horizontal direction; and
sheathing members for respectively fixing the battery cells to form a battery cell stack, wherein
each of the battery cells has electrode leads electrically connected to an electrode assembly, which is mounted in a battery cell case of each of the battery cells, in a state of protruding outward from the battery cell case,
the electrode leads of the battery cells of the battery cell stack are coupled to each other by welding to form a coupled portion of the electrode leads, and
the coupled portion of the electrode leads or the remaining portion of the electrode leads excluding the coupled portion of the electrode leads of a first battery cell and a second battery cell of the two or more battery cells is provided with a damping structure for absorbing or buffering external force applied to the battery module or vibration generated during welding,
the first battery cell and the second battery cell are adjacent to each other in the vertical direction or in the horizontal direction, and each electrode lead of the second battery cell comprises a first bent portion bent toward a corresponding electrode lead of the first battery cell such that the first bent portion is adjacent to the corresponding electrode lead of the first battery cell, an inclined portion extending from the first bent portion at an angle other than perpendicular towards the second battery cell, and a second bent portion extending from the inclined portion and horizontally bent such that the second bent portion is connected to the corresponding electrode lead of the first battery cell, and
the second bent portion being positioned closer to the second battery cell than the first bent portion is positioned to the second battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,431,789

COMPOSITE BATTERY ENCLOSURE

TPI COMPOSITES, INC., Wa...

1. A battery enclosure for a vehicle chassis comprising:a base member having an upper and lower surface, the base member having a plurality of raised surface features on the upper surface outlining individual cells, each cell configured to receive at least one battery;
a cover member having an upper and lower surface, the cover member having a plurality of depending surface features on the lower surface outlining individual cells, the surface features of the cover member aligned with the surface features of the base member, and
the cover member having at least one channel formed in the upper surface thereof, aligned with and extending along a length of the depending surface feature disposed on the bottom surface;
a lattice support structure, the lattice support structure including a plurality of support members extending axially and a plurality of support members extending transversely,
wherein the lattice support structure is configured to be at least partially disposed within the channel of the cover member and mounted to the vehicle chassis; and
wherein a top surface of the lattice support structure is coplanar with a top surface of the cover member.

US Pat. No. 10,431,788

HOLDING-DOWN MEANS FOR FIXING BATTERY CELLS IN A BATTERY SUBMODULE, AND BATTERY SUBMODULE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A holding-down apparatus (100) for fixing battery cells (2) in a battery submodule (70), comprising:positioning elements (110) for positioning the holding-down apparatus (100) relative to the battery cells (2),
guide elements (120) for guiding cell connectors (80) which connect the battery cells (2),
gas-venting openings (130) which pass through from a top side (104) to a bottom side (106) in a central region (102) of the holding-down apparatus (100), and
sealing elements (132) positioned on the bottom side of the holding-down apparatus, each sealing element being a ring surrounding a respective gas-venting opening (130).

US Pat. No. 10,431,787

BATTERY PACK RETENTION ASSEMBLY AND RETENTION METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An assembly, comprising:a conforming bracket that secures a battery array within a battery pack, the conforming bracket including a plurality of platforms configured to flex as the conforming bracket is secured to align an area of the conforming bracket with a thermal exchange plate; and
a rail member securing a plurality of battery cell frames relative to the thermal exchange plate, the rail member secured to the conforming bracket at a plurality of rail attachment locations distributed axially along a longitudinal axis of the conforming bracket, each of the plurality of rail attachment locations positioned within one of the plurality of platforms.

US Pat. No. 10,431,786

ELECTRICITY STORAGE MODULE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. An electricity storage module comprising:a plurality of electricity storage elements, each of the electricity storage elements has a horizontally elongated rectangular shape and includes a first end portion, a second end portion, a first flat side, and a second flat side, the first and second end portions of each electricity storage element are located on opposite ends and are separated in a horizontal direction, the first and second flat sides of each electricity storage element are located on opposite sides and are separated in a thickness direction;
a plurality of positive and negative lead terminals, in each electricity storage element, a positive lead terminal protrudes outward from one of the first or second end portions and a negative lead terminal protrudes outward from the other of the first or second end portions;
a stack in which the plurality of electricity storage elements are stacked in the thickness direction, for adjacent stacked electricity storage elements, the lead terminals of one electricity storage element are connected to the lead terminals of opposite polarities of the other electricity storage element;
bus bars that are individually connected to those of the lead terminals connected in order that are located at opposite ends and that have mutually opposite polarities; and
voltage detection terminals that are connected to terminal ends of voltage detection lines and individually connected to the electricity storage elements;
wherein the plurality of electricity storage elements are stacked in such a manner that a plurality of opposite polarity lead terminals, the bus bars, and the voltage detection terminals extend from one of the first or second end portions and overlap one another so as to be collectively connected by laser welding.

US Pat. No. 10,431,785

BATTERY PACK ARRAY FRAMES WITH INTEGRATED FASTENER HOUSINGS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A battery pack, comprising:a support structure,
wherein said support structure is a tray of an enclosure assembly;
a first array frame including a fastener housing;
a fastener received through said fastener housing for mounting said first array frame to said support structure; and
a second array frame connected to said first array frame,
wherein said fastener housing includes a first opening and a second opening,
wherein said first opening extends along a first axis and said second opening extends along a second axis, and said first axis is perpendicular to said second axis.

US Pat. No. 10,431,784

METHOD FOR CLAMPING A LITHIUM ION ACCUMULATOR, LITHIUM ION ACCUMULATOR AND MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A LITHIUM ION ACCUMULATOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for clamping a lithium ion accumulator comprising a lithium ion accumulator cell stack having a top surface, a base surface opposite the top surface, and a circumferential surface having four side surfaces, and at least two prismatic lithium ion accumulator cells, the method comprising:positioning at least one tension strap apparatus around the circumferential surface of the lithium ion accumulator cell stack, wherein the at least one tension strap apparatus includes a first end and a second end;
tensioning only a portion of the at least one tension strap in a region of the circumferential surface less than the entire circumferential surface, while keeping the first end and the second end of the at least one tension strap apparatus in a tension-free state; and
then connecting the first end and the second end of the at least one tension strap apparatus to each other indirectly, during the tension-free state, using one or two plates which are positioned on one side surface or two mutually opposite side surfaces of the circumferential surface, wherein at least the first end or the second end of the at least one tension strap apparatus is connected to at least one plate,
wherein the indirect connection of the first end and the second end of the at least one tension strap apparatus is produced by at least one of a welded joint, a screw connection, and a clamping connection.

US Pat. No. 10,431,783

BATTERY PACK

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery pack comprising a lower case comprising:both side walls inclined from a lower side towards an upper side, and fixating members facing each other at the both side walls;
at least one battery cartridge accommodated in the lower case to be disposed between the fixating members; and
an upper case disposed on the lower case to cover the battery cartridge,
wherein the battery cartridge comprises a taxiing member contacting the both side walls and the fixating members in the lower case, and
wherein each of the fixating members has a concave part on an outer circumferential surface and a convex part on an inner circumferential surface in the lower case.

US Pat. No. 10,431,782

BATTERY PACK

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A battery pack comprising:a plurality of battery cells arranged in parallel with each other, each of the battery cells comprising an electrode terminal at opposite ends thereof;
a holder case configured to accommodate the battery cells;
a protection circuit module mounted at an external side of the holder case and comprising:
a main body; and
a cell voltage measuring terminal on the main body and facing the holder case; and
a connection tab comprising a body part electrically connected to the electrode terminals of a group of the battery cells and an extended part extended from the body part to contact and be electrically connected with the cell voltage measuring terminal of the protection circuit module due to tension in the extended part,
wherein the main body of the protection circuit module at least partially covers the extended part of the connection tab.

US Pat. No. 10,431,780

LEAD-ACID BATTERY COVER WITH HANDLE RETENTION

CPS TECHNOLOGY HOLDINGS L...

1. A lead-acid battery, comprising:a battery handle assembly including a woven fabric strap having a pair of tabs, wherein each tab comprises polymer overmolded about a respective end of the strap; and
a polymer packaging that contains a lead-acid cell of the lead-acid battery, wherein the polymer packaging includes a cover disposed over an opening of the packaging, wherein a top portion of the cover defines a pair of slots that are inset from a perimeter of the polymer packaging, wherein each slot is engaged with a respective tab of the battery handle assembly, and wherein each slot includes a respective retention feature that blocks the respective tab from disengaging from the slot.

US Pat. No. 10,431,778

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An organic light emitting display device, comprising:a first substrate having a display area and a non-display area;
an organic light emitting diode in the display area of the first substrate; and
an anisotropic diffusion film on the organic light emitting diode, having a diffusion property varied depending on an incident angle,
wherein the anisotropic diffusion film includes a first resin layer and a first optical pattern inside the resin,
wherein the first optical pattern is level relative to the first substrate, and
wherein the first resin layer has a varied lower surface to planarize a surface under the anisotropic diffusion film.

US Pat. No. 10,431,777

LAMINATE AND IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A laminate comprising, in the following order:a substrate;
an organic layer A;
an inorganic layer B; and
an organic layer B,
wherein at least one of the organic layer A and the organic layer B contains a liquid crystal compound,
wherein the at least one of the organic layer A and the organic layer B containing the liquid crystal compound has an in-plane retardation,
wherein the laminate further comprises a polarizer which is provided on a side of the substrate opposite to the inorganic layer B, and
wherein the substrate has an in-plane retardation, and an angle formed between a slow axis direction of the substrate and an absorption axis direction or a transmission axis direction of the polarizer is ?5° to +5°.

US Pat. No. 10,431,776

WHITE ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE AND DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. An organic light emitting diode (OLED) display device comprising:a pixel driving layer on a substrate;
a color filter pattern including at least three different color filter patterns that correspond to respective pixel regions;
a first electrode connected to a thin film transistor of the pixel driving layer;
a second electrode facing the first electrode;
a first charge generation layer and a second charge generation layer between the first and second electrodes;
a first light emitting unit including a first emitting material layer made of an organic material and emitting a first color, wherein the first light emitting unit is located between the first electrode and the first charge generation layer;
a second light emitting unit including a second emitting material layer made of an organic material and emitting a second color, wherein the second light emitting unit is located between the first charge generation layer and the second charge generation layer; and
a third light emitting unit including a third emitting material layer made of an organic material and emitting the second color of the second light emitting unit, wherein the third light emitting unit is located between the second charge generation layer and the second electrode,
wherein the first color is yellow-green emitted using a phosphorescent dopant material of the first emitting material layer, and the second color is blue emitted using a fluorescent material of each of the second and third light emitting layers,
wherein the thin film transistor includes:
a semiconductor layer on the substrate;
a gate insulating layer on the semiconductor layer;
a gate electrode on the gate insulating layer;
an inter-layered insulating layer on the gate electrode; and
a source electrode and a drain electrode on the inter-layered insulating layer,
wherein the color filter pattern is directly on the source electrode and the drain electrode and having a drain contact hole exposing the drain electrode, and
wherein the first electrode is directly on the color filter pattern and is connected to the drain electrode through the drain contact hole.

US Pat. No. 10,431,775

ORGANIC EL DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ORGANIC EL DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An organic electro luminescence (EL) device comprising:a first pixel and a second pixel each having a different optical path length, the first pixel and the second pixel each including:
a reflective layer formed on a surface of a second insulating layer, the reflective layer including a plurality of portions disposed at predetermined intervals,
a first electrode,
a second electrode,
a light emitting function layer provided between the first electrode and the second electrode,
a protective layer provided between the first electrode and the reflective layer, and
an optical path length adjusting layer provided between the first electrode and the protective layer, the optical path length adjusting layer having a different film thickness in the first pixel than a film thickness in the second pixel, and the optical path length adjusting layer is a first insulating layer and has a refractive index higher than a refractive index of the protective layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,774

DISPLAY UNIT, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND ARRAY SUBSTRATE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display unit comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode opposite to the first electrode; and
a passivation layer, an auxiliary electrode and a light emitting functional layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the passivation layer, the auxiliary electrode and the light emitting functional layer being disposed from the first electrode to the second electrode in sequence,
wherein the first electrode is electrically connected to the auxiliary electrode, and
wherein one of the first electrode and the second electrode is transflective while the other one of the first electrode and the second electrode is transflective or reflective, and a first cavity is formed between the first electrode and the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,431,773

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

21. A display device, comprising:a substrate having pixels containing organic light emitting elements in a display area and having a non-display area adjacent to the display area;
an encapsulation layer over the substrate to protect the organic light emitting elements from at least one of moisture and oxygen;
a particle cover layer on the encapsulation layer to provide coverage of undesirable particles or foreign matters created during a manufacturing process, the encapsulation layer having a surface characteristic that allow the particle cover layer to be formed thereon via an inkjet printing technique, the particle cover layer extending from the display area to the non-display area of the substrate, and the particle cover layer having a top surface that is almost flat within the display area and having a sloped top surface outside the display area in the non-display area, the particle cover layer becoming gradually thinner in the non-display area and being thinner in some regions in the non-display area than it is the display area; and
a third encapsulation layer on the particle cover layer, wherein the encapsulation layer includes a laminated stack comprising a first sub-layer and a second sub-layer thereon, the second sub-layer having at least one of a surface energy of at least 70 mN/m and a water contact angle of 20° or less.

US Pat. No. 10,431,772

DISPLAY APPARATUS WITH SUBSTRATE HOLE AND TOUCH ELECTRODE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a substrate defining a hole;
a display unit over the substrate, comprising a display region, and defining an opening portion in the display region;
a thin film encapsulation layer for sealing the display unit;
a touch electrode over the thin film encapsulation layer; and
a touch insulating film over the thin film encapsulation layer to cover the touch electrode, and defining a touch contact hole,
wherein a portion of the thin film encapsulation layer and a portion of the touch insulating film are sequentially stacked in the opening portion and form a barrier portion.

US Pat. No. 10,431,771

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An organic light-emitting display (OLED) device comprising:a substrate having an active area and an inactive area surrounding the active area;
a first planarization layer that provides an upper flattened surface on elements in the active area and the inactive area, the first planarization layer having an active area portion and an inactive area portion;
an organic light-emitting element on the first planarization layer in the active area;
an encapsulation element on the organic light-emitting element and the first planarization layer, the encapsulation element having a first inorganic layer, a second inorganic layer and an organic layer between the first and second inorganic layers; and
a structure in the inactive area that is spaced apart from the first planarization layer portion located in the active area,
wherein the structure in the inactive area comprises,
a first layer member that includes the inactive area portion of the first planarization layer that is spaced apart from the first planarization layer portion located in the active area;
a plurality of walls overlying the first layer member that are spaced apart from each other; and
a second layer being disposed between the plurality of walls,
wherein the second layer is spaced apart from the organic layer of the encapsulation element.

US Pat. No. 10,431,769

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A flexible organic light emitting device comprising:a flexible substrate having an active area and a pad area;
an organic light emitting diode layer disposed on the active area;
an adhesive layer disposed on the organic light emitting diode layer;
an encapsulation substrate disposed on the adhesive layer;
a cover layer disposed between the active area and the pad area; and
a back film disposed on a lower surface of the flexible substrate,
wherein the encapsulation substrate has a curved upper surface outside the active area,
wherein the cover layer decreases in thickness from the active area toward the pad area, and
wherein the curved upper surface of the encapsulation substrate outside the active area is lower near the cover layer and higher at the active area.

US Pat. No. 10,431,768

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING AUXILIARY ELECTRODE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A method of fabricating an organic light-emitting display device, the method comprising:forming an insulating layer on a substrate, the substrate defining an emission area and a non-emission area, and the insulating layer including at least two dented portions at the non-emission area;
forming a first electrode on the insulating layer at the emission area;
forming an auxiliary electrode on the insulating layer at the non-emission area and corresponding to the at least two dented portions;
forming a bank pattern on the first electrode and the auxiliary electrode;
forming an organic light-emitting layer on the first electrode; and
forming a second electrode on the organic light-emitting layer and the auxiliary electrode and electrically connected to the auxiliary electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,431,767

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. An organic light emitting display device comprising:an anode electrode disposed on a substrate;
an auxiliary electrode disposed on the anode electrode, the auxiliary electrode having a first height and a second height being different from the first height;
a bank disposed on one side of the auxiliary electrode and another side of the auxiliary electrode;
an organic light emitting layer disposed on an upper surface of the auxiliary electrode in an opening area exposed by the bank; and
a cathode electrode disposed on the organic light emitting layer,
wherein the auxiliary electrode has the first height in a covered area overlapping with the bank and the second height in the opening area exposed by the bank.

US Pat. No. 10,431,766

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An organic light-emitting device, comprising:an anode;
a cathode; and
an organic layer between the anode and the cathode, the organic layer including:
an emission layer including a dopant,
a hole transport region between the anode and the emission layer,
an electron transport region between the emission layer and the cathode, and
a buffer layer between the emission layer and the electron transport region,
wherein:
the buffer layer includes a biscarbazole-based derivative and a triphenylene-based derivative, the triphenylene-based derivative and the biscarbazole-based derivative being different from materials included in the electron transport region, and
a triplet energy (ET1) of the biscarbazole-based derivative or the triphenylene-based derivative and a triplet energy (ET2) of the dopant of the emission layer satisfy the following relationship:
ET1>ET2, and
wherein the triphenylene-based derivative is represented by Formula 2:

wherein, in Formula 2,
A11, A22, and A33 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, and a group represented by one of Formulae 2a to 2r and 2u to 2w, at least one of A11, A22, and A33 being a group represented by one of Formulae 2a to 2c, 2e, 2f, 2h to 2r, and 2u to 2w:

wherein, in Formulae 2a to 2c, 2e, 2f, 2h to 2r, and 2u to 2w, R11, R12, Z1, and Z2 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent nonaromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent nonaromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q11)(Q12), and —Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15);
a and b are each independently an integer of 1 to 9; and
when a is 2 or greater a plurality of Z1s are identical or different,
when b is 2 or greater a plurality of Z2s are identical or different, and
* indicates a binding site with an adjacent atom;
X11, X22, and X33 are each independently a single bond or a group represented by one or more of Formulae 3a to 3r and 3u to 3w:

wherein, in Formulae 3a to 3r and 3u to 3w,
R11 and R12 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C20 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C20 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent nonaromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent nonaromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group; and
* indicates a binding site with an adjacent atom;
Y11, Y22, and Y33 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent nonaromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent nonaromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q1)(Q2), —Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), and —B(Q6)(Q7), wherein Y11, Y22, and Y33 are separate or adjacent groups of Y11, Y22, and Y33 are linked to one another to form a ring;
i, j, and k are each independently an integer of 1 to 4;
l, m, and n are each independently an integer of 1 to 3; and
when i is 2 or greater, a plurality of A11s are identical or different, when j is 2 or greater a plurality of A22s are identical or different, when k is 2 or greater a plurality of A33s are identical or different, when 1 is 2 or greater a plurality of Y11s are identical or different, when m is 2 or greater a plurality of Y22s are identical or different, and when i n is 2 or greater a plurality of Y33s are identical or different,
wherein at least one substituent of the substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, the substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, the substituted C2-C10heterocycloalkyl group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, the substituted C2-C10 heterocyclolalkenyl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, the substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, the substituted C2-C60 heteroaryl group, the substituted monovalent nonaromatic condensed polycyclic group, and the substituted monovalent nonaromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group is selected from
a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phoshoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group;
a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C1-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C3-C10cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60arylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent nonaromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent nonaromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q11)(Q12), —Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15), and —B(Q16)(Q17);
a C3-C10 to cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent nonaromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent nonaromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent nonaromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent nonaromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one of a deuterium atom, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine, a hydrazone, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C2-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent nonaromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent nonaromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q21)(Q22), —Si(Q23)(Q24)(Q25), and —B(Q26)(Q27); and
—N(Q31)(Q32), —Si(Q33)(Q34)(Q35), and —B(Q36)(Q37);
wherein Q1 to Q7, Q11 to Q17, Q21 to Q27, and Q31 to Q37 are each independently selected from a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, —CI, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C2-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent nonaromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

US Pat. No. 10,431,765

WHITE ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE AND DISPLAY INCLUDING THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A white organic light emitting diode, comprising:a first light emitting part disposed on a first electrode and including a first blue light emitting layer;
a first charge generation layer disposed on the first light emitting part;
a second light emitting part disposed on the first charge generation layer; and
a second electrode disposed on the second light emitting part, wherein the second light emitting part comprises:
a red light emitting layer disposed on the first charge generation layer; and
a yellow-green light emitting layer disposed on the red light emitting layer,
wherein at least one layer of the red light emitting layer and the yellow-green light emitting layer comprises a hole transport host based on a compound shown below:
wherein each of R1, R2, and R3 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, heavy hydrogen, a C5-C7 aromatic cyclic and C1-C6 heterocyclic group.

US Pat. No. 10,431,764

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DISPLAY

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

2. An organic light emitting diode display, comprising:a substrate;
a first electrode on the substrate;
a second electrode adjacent to the first electrode;
a third electrode adjacent to the first electrode and second electrode;
a pixel defining layer on the first electrode, the second electrode, and the third electrode, the pixel defining layer including a first opening overlapping the first electrode, a second opening overlapping the second electrode, and a third opening overlapping the third electrode;
a spacer on the pixel defining layer, the spacer including a first part disposed in a first space between the first opening and the third opening, and a second part disposed in a second space between the second opening and the third opening;
a first line crossing the first space and the second space; and
a second line crossing a halfway point of the third opening,
wherein the spacer includes a center point coincident with a crossing point of the first line and the second line.

US Pat. No. 10,431,763

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREOF, ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP., LT...

1. A light emitting diode comprising:a substrate, and
a first electrode, a quantum rod light emitting layer and a second electrode disposed in lamination on the substrate,
wherein, the quantum rod light emitting layer comprises a plurality of quantum rods which present a directional arrangement,
wherein the light emitting diode further comprises a third electrode and a fourth electrode, the third electrode and the fourth electrode being configured to generate an electric field in parallel with or substantially in parallel with a plane of the substrate in a powered state, and
wherein the third electrode is a comb-shaped electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,431,762

DISPLAY DEVICE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A method for manufacturing a display device comprising:forming a protrusion pattern on a carrier glass;
coating a polymer on the protrusion pattern to form a polymer layer;
forming a stacked structure on the polymer layer, the stacked structure including a transistor and an organic light emitting element connected to the transistor; and
separating the carrier glass and the protrusion pattern from the polymer layer,
wherein an opening penetrating through the polymer layer is formed via the separation of the protrusion pattern from the polymer layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,761

LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT, LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE, AUTHENTICATION DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A light-emitting element, comprising:an anode;
a cathode;
a light-emitting layer which is provided between the anode and the cathode and emits light in a wavelength range of 700 nm or more by applying a current between the anode and the cathode;
an electron transport layer which is provided between the light-emitting layer and the cathode, and includes a first electron transport layer located on the cathode side and a second electron transport layer located on the light-emitting layer side; and
a hole injection layer provided between the light-emitting layer and the anode,
wherein the first electron transport layer contains a first anthracene-based compound, which has an anthracene skeleton and a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic skeleton, and has an average thickness of less than 8 nm,
the second electron transport layer contains a second anthracene-based compound, which has an anthracene skeleton but does not have a heterocyclic skeleton, and
the hole injection layer is constituted by including a material having a hole injection property and at least one of the first anthracene-based compound and the second anthracene-based compound.

US Pat. No. 10,431,760

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

Sumitomo Chemical Company...

1. A light emitting device comprisingan anode,
a cathode,
a first organic layer disposed between the anode and the cathode and
a second organic layer disposed between the anode and the first organic layer, wherein
the first organic layer is a layer comprising one or more phosphorescent compounds and a compound represented by the formula (H-1),
the second organic layer is a layer comprising one or more phosphorescent compounds and a crosslinked body of a crosslinkable material, and
at least one phosphorescent compound contained in the first organic layer and at least one phosphorescent compound contained in the second organic layer are the same phosphorescent compound represented by the formula (1-B),
whereinArH1 and ArH2 each independently represent an aryl group or a monovalent heterocyclic group and these groups each optionally have a substituent,
nH1 and nH2 each independently represent 0 or 1, and when a plurality of nH1 are present, they may be the same or different, and the plurality of nH2 may be the same or different,
nH3 represents an integer of 0 or more,
LH1 represents an arylene group, a divalent heterocyclic group or a group represented by —[C(RH11)2]nH11- and these groups each optionally have a substituent, and when a plurality of LH1 are present, they may be the same or different, and nH11 represents an integer of 1 to 10, and RH11 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an alkoxy group, a cycloalkoxy group, an aryl group or a monovalent heterocyclic group and these groups each optionally have a substituent, and the plurality of RH11 may be the same or different and may be combined together to form a ring together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached, and
LH2 represents a group represented by —N(-LH21-RH21)— and when a plurality of LH2 are present, they may be the same or different, and LH21 represents a single bond, an arylene group or a divalent heterocyclic group and these groups each optionally have a substituent, and RH21 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aryl group or a monovalent heterocyclic group and these groups each optionally have a substituent;

wherein
M represents a ruthenium atom, a rhodium atom, a palladium atom, an iridium atom or a platinum atom,
n1 represents an integer of 1 or more, n2 represents an integer of 0 or more, and n1+n2 is 2 or 3, and n1+n2 is 3 when M is a ruthenium atom, a rhodium atom or an iridium atom, while n1+n2 is 2 when M is a palladium atom or a platinum atom,
E11B, E12B, E13B and E14B represent a carbon atom, or either E11B or E13B represents a nitrogen atom and E12B, E14B and the other of E11B or E13B represent a carbon atom, and when a plurality of E11B and E13B are present, they may be the same or different at each occurrence, and R11B is not present when E11B is a nitrogen atom, and R13B is not present when E13B is a nitrogen atom,
E21B, E22B, E23B and E24B represent a carbon atom, or one selected from among E21B, E22B, E23B and E24B represents a nitrogen atom and the other three represent a carbon atom, or E21B and E23B represent a nitrogen atom and E22B and E24B represent a carbon atom, or E22B and E24B represent a nitrogen atom and E21B and E23B represent a carbon atom, and when a plurality of E21B, E22B, E23B and E24B are present, they may be the same or different at each occurrence, and R21B is not present when E21B is a nitrogen atom, R22B is not present when E22B is a nitrogen atom, R23B is not present when E23B is a nitrogen atom, and R24B is not present when E24B is a nitrogen atom,
R11B, R12B, R13B, R14B, R21B, R22B, R23B and R24B each independently represent a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an alkoxy group, a cycloalkoxy group, an aryl group, an aryloxy group, a monovalent heterocyclic group or a halogen atom and these groups each optionally have a substituent, and when a plurality of R11B, R12B, R13B, R14B, R21B, R22B, R23B and R24B are present, they may be the same or different at each occurrence, and R11B and R12B, R12B and R13B, R13B and R14B, R11B and R21B, R21B and R22B, R22B and R23B, and R23B and R24B each may be combined together to form a ring together with the atoms to which they are attached, and at least one selected from the group consisting of R11B, R12B, R13B, R14B, R21B, R22B, R23B and R24B is a group represented by the formula (2),
the ring L1B represents a pyridine ring or a pyrimidine ring,
the ring L2B represents a benzene ring, a pyridine ring or a pyrimidine ring, and
A1-G1-A2 represents an anionic bidentate ligand, and A1 and A2 each independently represent a carbon atom, an oxygen atom or a nitrogen atom and these atoms each may be an atom constituting a ring, and G1 represents a single bond or an atomic group constituting the bidentate ligand together with A1 and A2, and when a plurality of A1-G1-A2 are present, they may be the same or different; and
—R2  (2),
wherein R2 represents an aryl group, a monovalent heterocyclic group or a substituted amino group and these groups each optionally have a substituent.

US Pat. No. 10,431,759

ELECTRON TRANSPORT LAYER FOR FLEXIBLE PEROVSKITE SOLAR CELL AND FLEXIBLE PEROVSKITE SOLAR CELL INCLUDING THE SAME

KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENC...

1. A method for preparing an electron transport layer for a flexible perovskite solar cell, comprising (A) mixing a titanium precursor, a transition metal precursor, and an organic ligand to prepare transition metal-doped titanium dioxide particles of the electron transport layer, thereby the organic ligand is capped on the transition metal-doped titanium dioxide particles and (B) irradiating the organic ligand capped transition metal-doped titanium dioxide particles of the electron transport layer with UV wavelength in a range of 200 to 400 nm to decompose, remove the organic ligand, and induce fusion of the transition metal-doped titanium dioxide particles, thereby resulting in high density of the transition metal-doped titanium dioxide particles,wherein the metal-doped titanium dioxide particles of the electron transport layer were synthesized by a non-hydrolytic sol-gel reaction.

US Pat. No. 10,431,758

THIN FILM TRANSISTOR, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME, AND FABRICATING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A method of fabricating an active layer of a thin film transistor having a first portion corresponding to a channel region, a second portion corresponding to a source electrode contact region, and a third portion corresponding to a drain electrode contact region, comprising:forming a carbon nanotubes layer in the channel region, the source electrode contact region, and the drain electrode contact region on the base substrate;
coating the carbon nanotubes layer in the channel region, the source electrode contact region, and the drain electrode contact region with a polymer material thereby forming a polymer carbon nanotubes composite layer; and
removing the polymer material in the channel region;
wherein the second portion and the third portion comprise a polymer carbon nanotubes composite including a polymer and a carbon nanotubes material.

US Pat. No. 10,431,757

POLAR ELASTOMERS FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE ELECTRONIC AND OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES

The Board of Trustees of ...

1. An electronic or optoelectronic device, comprising:a semiconductor layer;
a dielectric layer in contact with the semiconductor layer and including a polar elastomer; and
an electrode,
wherein the dielectric layer is disposed between the electrode and the semiconductor layer, and the polar elastomer includes a backbone structure and polar groups that are bonded as side chains to the backbone structure, and each of the polar groups includes 2 or more atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,431,755

DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING AN INSULATING SUBSTRATE WITH PIXELS DISPOSED ON A FIRST SURFACE

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:an insulating substrate comprising a first surface on which a plurality of pixels are disposed and a second surface on an opposite side to the first surface;
a support substrate disposed on the second surface side of the insulating substrate; and
an adhesive layer located between the insulating substrate and the support substrate,
wherein the display device comprises a display area corresponding to an area on which the plurality of pixels are arranged on the insulating substrate,
a display surface of the display device is disposed on the first surface side of the insulating substrate, and
an end portion of the adhesive layer is located closer to the display area than an end portion of the insulating substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,431,754

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A flexible display device, comprising:a display element that is flexible; and
a member that is located on a surface of the display element and is made of a material having a 3-dimensional cross-linked structure,
wherein the display element includes a substrate, a structure portion having an organic light emitting diode layer, an encapsulation layer on the structure portion to encapsulate the structure portion, a sealing portion surrounding, at a side peripheral region, the structure portion and the encapsulation layer, an upper surface of the encapsulation layer and an upper surface of the sealing portion being co-planar, and a metal layer on the encapsulation layer and the sealing portion.

US Pat. No. 10,431,753

SUBSTRATE FOR DISPLAY, COLOR FILTER USING THE SAME AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF, ORGANIC EL ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF, AND FLEXIBLE ORGANIC EL DISPLAY

Toray Industries, Inc., ...

1. A substrate for a display, the substrate having a film B comprising a polysiloxane resin on only one surface of a film A comprising a polyimide resin, wherein the film B contains inorganic oxide particles therein.

US Pat. No. 10,431,751

COMPOUND AND ORGANIC ELECTRONIC DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

SHANGHAI NICHEM FINE CHEM...

9. An organic electronic device, comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode; and
an organic layer disposed between the first electrode and the second electrode, wherein the organic layer comprises the compound of claim 1.

US Pat. No. 10,431,750

4H-IMIDAZO[1,2-A]IMIDAZOLES FOR ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS

UDC Ireland Limited, Dub...

1. A compound of formula (I) shown below
wherein
X6 is —N? and
X7 is —NR1—, or
X7 is ?N— and X6 is —NR1—,
R1 is a group of formula -A1-(A2)p-(A3)q-(A4)r-R6,
p is 0, or 1, q is 0, or 1, r is 0, or 1,
A1, A2, A3 and A4 are independently of each other a C6-C24arylene group, which can optionally be substituted by G, or a C2-C30heteroarylene group, which can optionally be substituted by G; wherein
the groups A1, A2, A3 and A4 may be interrupted by one, or more groups —(SiR7R8)—;
R2, R3, R4 and R5 are independently of each other H, a C1-C25alkyl group, which can optionally be substituted by E and or interrupted by D; a C6-C24aryl group, which can optionally be substituted by G, or a C2-C30heteroaryl group, which can optionally be substituted by G;
R6 is a group —(SiR20R21R22), a C6-C24aryl group, which can optionally be substituted by G, or a C2-C30heteroaryl group, which can optionally be substituted by G;
R7 and R8 are independently of each other a C1-C25alkyl group, or a C6-C24aryl group, which can optionally be substituted by G;
X1 is N, or CR9,
X2 is N, or CR10,
R9 and R10 are independently of each other H, a C1-C25alkyl group, which can optionally be substituted by E and or interrupted by D; a C6-C24aryl group, which can optionally be substituted by G, or a C2-C30heteroaryl group, which can optionally be substituted by G, wherein R9 and R10 together do not form a ring;
R20, R21 and R22 are independently of each other a C1-C25alkyl group, or a C6-C24aryl group, which can optionally be substituted by G;
D is —CO—, —COO—, —S—, —SO—, —SO2—, —O—, —NR65—, —SiR70R71—, —POR72—, —CR63?CR64—, or —C?C—,
E is —OR69, —SR69, —NR65R66, —COR68, —COOR67, —CONR65R66, —CN, or halogen,
G is E, or a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C24aryl group, a C6-C24aryl group, which is substituted by F, C1-C18alkyl which is interrupted by O, a C2-C30heteroaryl group, or a C2-C30heteroaryl group, which is substituted by F, C1-C18alkyl which is interrupted by O;
R63 and R64 are independently of each other C6-C18aryl; C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkoxy; C1-C18alkyl; or C1-C18alkyl which is interrupted by —O—;
R65 and R66 are independently of each other a C6-C18aryl group; a C6-C18aryl which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; a C1-C18alkyl group; or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by —O—; or
R65 and R66 together form a five or six membered ring,
R67 is a C6-C18aryl group; a C6-C18aryl group, which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; a C1-C18alkyl group; or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by —O—,
R68 is H; a C6-C18aryl group; a C6-C18aryl group, which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; a C1-C18alkyl group; or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by —O—,
R69 is a C6-C18aryl; a C6-C18aryl, which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, or C1-C18alkoxy; a C1-C18alkyl group; or a C1-C18alkyl group, which is interrupted by —O—,
R70 and R71 are independently of each other a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group, or a C6-C18aryl group, which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl, and
R72 is a C1-C18alkyl group, a C6-C18aryl group, or a C6-C18aryl group, which is substituted by C1-C18alkyl,
wherein when X7 is ?N— and X6 is —NR1—, R6 is a group of formula
or a group SiR20R21R22);wherein R11, R12, R13 and R14 are independently of each other H, a C1-C25alkyl group, which can optionally be substituted by E and or interrupted by D; a C6-C24aryl group, which can optionally be substituted by G, or a C2-C30heteroaryl group, which can optionally be substituted by G,
R16 is a C6-C18aryl group; or a C6-C18aryl group, which is substituted by one, or more C1-C18alkyl groups,
R43 may be the same, or different in each occurrence and is F, C1-C18alkyl, C1-C18alkyl which is substituted by E and/or interrupted by D, C6-C24aryl, C6-C24aryl which is substituted by G, C2-C20heteroaryl, or C2-C20heteroaryl which is substituted by G, and
m3 is 0, or an integer of 1 to 4, m4 is 0, or an integer of 1 to 3.

US Pat. No. 10,431,749

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT ELEMENT

UDC Ireland Limited, Dub...

1. An organic electroluminescence device comprising: a pair of electrodes including an anode and a cathode; a light emitting layer between the electrodes: and at least one organic layer between the light emitting layer and the cathode, on a substrate,wherein at least one compound represented by the following Formula (3) is contained in the light emitting layer, and
at least one compound represented by the following Formula (E-2) or the following Formula (E-3) is contained in the at least one organic layer between the light emitting layer and the cathode:

wherein, in Formula (3), each of X4 and X5 independently represents a nitrogen atom or a carbon atom having a hydrogen atom bonded thereto, and the ring comprising X4 and X5 is pyridine or pyrimidine, L? represents a single bond or a phenylene group, each of R1 to R2 independently represents a fluorine atom, a methyl group, an unsubstituted phenyl group, a cyano group, a silyl group, or a tert-butyl group, each of R3 to R5 independently represents a fluorine atom, a methyl group, a phenyl group, a cyano group, a pyridyl group, a pyrimidyl group, a silyl group, a carbazolyl group or a tert-butyl group, each of n1 to n5 independently represents 0 or 1, and each of p? and q? independently represents 1 or 2,
wherein, when X4 and X5 are carbon and L? is a single bond, at least one of n1 is 1 and R1 is unsubstituted phenyl or n2 is 1 and R2 is unsubstituted phenyl;

wherein, in Formulas (E-2) and (E-3), each of RE1 and RE2 independently represents a hydrogen atom, an aliphatic hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group or a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic heterocyclic group, provided that RE1 and RE2 do not represent a hydrogen atom at the same time, and
RE3 represents a hydrogen atom, an aliphatic hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group or a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic heterocyclic group.

US Pat. No. 10,431,748

CYCLIC COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT COMPRISING SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A cyclic compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 1:
wherein in Chemical Formula 1,
at least one of Ar1 and Ar2 is a substituted or unsubstituted pyrimidyl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted triazinyl group, and wherein when the at least one of Ar1 and Ar2 is a substituted pyrimidyl group or a substituted triazinyl group, the pyrimidyl group or the triazinyl group has 2 or 3 substituents selected from the group consisting of a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a biphenyl group, a nitrile group, a pyridinyl group, and a thiophenyl group;
when one of the Ar1 and Ar2 is a substituted or unsubstituted pyrimidyl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted triazinyl group, the other one of Ar1 and Ar2 is -L1-(Z1)p;
L1 is selected from the group consisting of a direct bond; a phenylene group, a biphenylylene group, a naphthylene group, a quinolinylene group, a quinazolinylene group, a pyridinylene group, a pyrimidinylene group, and a triazinylene group;
Z1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen; a nitrile group; a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a biphenyl group, a pyridine group, a pyrimidinyl group, a triazinyl group, a quinolinyl group, a quinazolinyl group, and a thiophenyl group; however, Z1 is not hydrogen when L1 is a direct bond;
p is an integer of 1 to 3, and when p is two or more, Z1s are the same as or different from each other;
m and n are 1;
X is C; and
R1 and R2 are the same as or different from each other, and each independently selected from the group consisting of a methyl group, an ethyl group, a phenyl group and a naphthyl group, or R1 and R2 are linked to each other to form a cyclohexyl group, with the proviso that when one of R1 and R2 is a phenyl group the other one of R1 and R2 is a methyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,431,747

QUINOID COMPOUNDS AND THEIR USE IN SEMICONDUCTING MATRIX MATERIALS, ELECTRONIC AND OPTOELECTRONIC STRUCTURAL ELEMENTS

Novaled GmbH, Dresden (D...

1. A quinoid compound or derivative thereof, wherein the quinoid compound is selected from the group consisting of:wherein:R1-R8 are independently selected from halogen, CN, NO2, COR, perhalogenated or partially halogenated C1-C10 alkyl groups, substituted or unsubstituted electron-withdrawing aryl-, or substituted or unsubstituted electron-withdrawing heteroaryl groups;
R10-R15 are independently selected from hydrogen, halogen, CN, NO2, COR, C1-C10 alkyl, perfluorinated C1-C10 alkyl, C1-C10 alkoxy, substituted or unsubstituted electron-withdrawing aryl-, or substituted or unsubstituted electron-withdrawing heteroaryl groups;
X, X1, Y, and Y1 are independently selected from:
wherein:Z is selected from halogen, NO2, NO, CF3, COR, or SO2R;
R is selected from substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted aryl, or substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;
Ar is an acceptor-substituted and halogenated aromatic hydrocarbon; and
Hetaryl is an acceptor-substituted and/or halogenated, electron-withdrawing aromatic heterocyclic compound.

US Pat. No. 10,431,746

QUATERNIZED TETRAZINE-BASED DONOR-ACCEPTOR COPOLYMERS

International Business Ma...

1. A process of forming a quaternized tetrazine-based donor-acceptor (D-A) copolymer, the process comprising:forming a tetrazinium monomer comprising iminium cations; and
polymerizing the tetrazinium monomer and a donor monomer to form a quaternized tetrazine-based D-A copolymer comprising the iminium cations.

US Pat. No. 10,431,745

DIKETOPYRROLOPYRROLE POLYMERS FOR USE IN ORGANIC FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS

BASF SE, Ludwigshafen (D...

1. A polymer comprising repeating units of the formulawhereina is an integer of 1 to 5,
R1 and R2 may be the same or different and are a branched C8-C36alkyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,431,744

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY APPARATUS USING BARRIER LAYER HAVING HIGH FLUORINE CONTENT

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A method of manufacturing an organic light-emitting display apparatus, the method comprising:forming a first electrode on a substrate;
forming a first lift-off layer comprising a fluoropolymer on the first electrode;
forming a first barrier layer on the first lift-off layer, the first barrier layer having a higher fluorine content than the first lift-off layer;
forming a first photoresist on the first barrier layer, the first photoresist having a first portion overlapping the first electrode and a second portion outside the first portion;
removing the first portion of the first photoresist by patterning the first photoresist, such that the second portion of the first photoresist is remained on the first barrier layer;
exposing the first electrode by etching the first lift-off layer and the first barrier layer disposed on the first electrode;
forming a first organic functional layer comprising a first emission layer on the first electrode and the second portion of the first photoresist;
removing remaining portions of the first lift-off layer, the first barrier layer, the first photoresist, and the first organic functional layer disposed on the second portion of the first photoresist; and
forming a second electrode on the first organic functional layer.