US Pat. No. 10,191,000

STABLE NANOCRYSTALLINE ORDERING ALLOY SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF IDENTIFYING SAME

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. An alloy comprising:a mixture of a solute element and a solvent element, the mixture having a phase including at least one of a stable nanocrystalline phase, a metastable nanocrystalline phase, and a non-nanocrystalline phase,
the phase having a first thermodynamic parameter associated with grain boundary segregation of the alloy system, a second thermodynamic parameter associated with phase separation of the alloy system, and a third thermodynamic parameter associated with intermetallic compound formation of the alloy system,
wherein the phase is stable when the first thermodynamic parameter, the second thermodynamic parameter, and the third thermodynamic parameter are within a predetermined region of a stability map of the alloy.

US Pat. No. 10,190,999

NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE AND SATURATION WELL LOGS FOR DETERMINING FREE WATER LEVEL AND RESERVOIR TYPE

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

5. A method for determining characteristics of a hydrocarbon reservoir, the method comprising:conducting, using a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) logging tool, a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) logging operation of a targeted reservoir section of a wellbore extending into a hydrocarbon reservoir to generate a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) log of the targeted reservoir section;
conducting, using a resistivity logging tool, a resistivity logging of the targeted reservoir section to generate an uninvaded water saturation (Sw) log of the targeted reservoir section;
determining, by a control unit, for each of a plurality of depths in the targeted reservoir section, a T2 cutoff point for the depth based on values of the NMR log and the uninvaded water saturation (Sw) log for the depth;
identifying, by the control unit, a subset of the T2 cutoff points that exhibit a hyperbolic trend;
determining, by the control unit, a theoretical cutoff curve corresponding to the subset of the T2 cutoff points;
determining, by the control unit, a free water level (FWL) of the reservoir based on the theoretical cutoff curve; and
determining, by the control unit, a rock type of the reservoir based on the theoretical cutoff curve.

US Pat. No. 10,190,998

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR EVALUATING AND PREDICTING A SHALE OIL ENRICHMENT AREAS OF FAULT LACUSTRINE BASINS

1. A method for evaluating and predicting a shale oil enrichment area of a fault lacustrine basin, wherein the method comprising:Step 1, obtaining analytical test material for a key core well in a fine-grained facies region of the shale oil enrichment area of the fault lacustrine basin, and obtaining key data of the target stratum logging interpretation based on the analytical test material, wherein the key data of the target stratum logging interpretation includes a dolomite-to-formation ratio, dolomite thickness, a lithology profile, a total organic carbon (TOC) average value, and effective source rock thickness;
Step 2, determining a source-reservoir configuration relationship according to a longitudinal superposition relationship of different types of rock in the lithology profile, and establishing a single-well lithofacies mode in conjunction with the dolomite-to-formation ratio and the TOC average value;
Step 3, in the single-well lithofacies mode, forming a dolomite-to-formation ratio contour map, a TOC contour map and a source-reservoir configuration relationship plane distribution map respectively by using the dolomite-to-formation ratio, the TOC average value and the source-reservoir configuration relationship, and superposing the dolomite-to-formation ratio contour map, the TOC contour map and the source-reservoir configuration relationship plane distribution map to form a lithofacies plane distribution map; and
Step 4: on the basis of the lithofacies plane distribution map, superposing a vitrinite reflectance contour map and a dolomite thickness contour map formed through the dolomite thickness to obtain a corresponding evaluation and prediction map of the shale oil enrichment area of the fault lacustrine basin.

US Pat. No. 10,190,997

X-RAY DEVICE, METHOD, MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR STRUCTURE, PROGRAM, AND RECORDING MEDIUM ON WHICH PROGRAM IS RECORDED

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An X-ray device comprising:an irradiator configured to irradiate an X-ray to a measuring object;
a detector configured to detect transmission X-ray transmitted through the measuring object; and
a controller connected to the irradiator and the detector, and configured to:
generate first information, based on an image reconstructed from a result of detecting the transmission X-ray, the first information including information of an area in which an absorption coefficient of X-ray detected falls within a first range and information of an area in which an absorption coefficient of X-ray detected falls within a second range that is different from the first range;
acquire ratio information indicating a ratio between a first substance and a second substance included in the measuring object;
based on the ratio information and the first information, generate second information including information of an area which corresponds to the first substance and in which an absorption coefficient of X-ray falls within a third range obtained by merging the first range and the second range, so that a frequency distribution of signal intensity representing the absorption coefficient within the first range and the absorption coefficient within the second range is reconstructed to a frequency distribution of signal intensity representing the absorption coefficient within the third range; and
generate a modified image in which an area corresponding to the first substance is determined based on the second information.

US Pat. No. 10,190,996

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING ROTARY TABLE

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. A method for controlling a rotary table for rotating an object disposed on the rotary table, the method comprising:intermittently rotating the rotary table by a minute angle;
shifting the rotary table in a two-dimensional direction orthogonal to a rotation axis of the rotary table; and
performing, using a processor, control of a shift position of the rotary table in the two-dimensional direction in synchronization with rotation of the rotary table, wherein rotation is made possible about a virtual rotation center that is set at an arbitrary position on the rotary table, the performing the control comprising:
setting coordinates (a, b) of a position as a rotation center of the rotary table represented by a=L cos ? and b=L sin ?;
moving the rotation center to a new position (a?, b?) with rotation of ??;
shifting “a” by L cos(?+??)?L cos ?;
shifting “b” is shifted by L sin(?+??)?L sin ?, in order to bring the new position (a?, b?) back to the original position (a, b); and
correcting rotation eccentricity owing to eccentricity of the rotary table;
producing an eccentricity correction table in advance;
calculating a destination of the center of the rotary table;
interpolating an eccentric amount in the eccentricity correction table to calculate an eccentric amount r? of a rotation angle ?;
thereafter calculating a correction amount from the eccentric amount;
correcting the destination of the center of the rotary table is corrected on the eccentricity;
calculating a center C?? of the rotary table after the correction; and
shifting the center of the rotary table to the center C??, while the rotary table is rotated by a rotation angle ?.

US Pat. No. 10,190,995

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR ANALYSING FLUID SAMPLES

Liverpool John Moores Uni...

1. A method for analysing a fluid sample, the method comprising:loading the sample in a sample space in a sensor comprising an input and an output;
applying an electromagnetic input signal to the input;
measuring at the output a response signal comprising an output signal produced by the sensor while the sensor is contacted by the sample and the electromagnetic input signal is applied to the input;
comparing the response signal against the electromagnetic input signal to generate a comparison;
matching the comparison against a set of comparisons for known substances; and
sweeping the electromagnetic input signal across a range of frequencies and detecting a resonance, wherein the swept frequency range includes more than one resonance.

US Pat. No. 10,190,994

APPARATUS, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR INSPECTION OF AT LEAST SIDE FACES OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. An apparatus for inspecting at least side faces of a semiconductor device comprising:a camera, defining an imaging beam path;
a mirror block, having a first mirror, a second mirror, a third mirror, and a fourth mirror, the mirrors being arranged such that they surround a free space in the form of a rectangle, and the opposing first mirror and third mirror are fixedly mounted and the opposing second mirror and fourth mirror are movably mounted; and
a tilted mirror, for directing an image of at least the side faces semiconductor device from the mirror block to the camera.

US Pat. No. 10,190,992

STRUCTURE STATUS DETERMINATION DEVICE, STATUS DETERMINATION SYSTEM, AND STATUS DETERMINATION METHOD

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A status determination device comprising:a displacement calculation circuit that, from time-series images of a structure surface before and after loading application, calculates a two-dimensional spatial distribution of a displacement of the time-series images;
a correction amount calculation circuit that calculates a correction amount based on a moving amount of the structure surface in a normal direction due to the loading application, from the two-dimensional spatial distribution of the displacement of the time-series images;
a displacement correction circuit that extracts a two-dimensional spatial distribution of a displacement of the structure surface, by subtracting the correction amount from the two-dimensional spatial distribution of the displacement of the time-series images; and
an abnormality determination circuit that identifies a defect of the structure, based on comparison between the two-dimensional spatial distribution of the displacement of the structure surface and a prepared spatial distribution of a displacement having been prepared in advance.

US Pat. No. 10,190,990

LED-BASED FIBER PROPERTY MEASUREMENT

Uster Technologies, AG, ...

1. An apparatus for measuring at least one of color and trash in a fiber sample, the apparatus comprising:a light emitting diode light source for generating an incident light that is directed toward the fiber sample, and reflected by the fiber sample, thereby producing a reflected light,
a sensor for receiving the reflected light and producing a signal,
a controller for controlling the light source and the sensor, and at least one of receiving and adjusting the signal, and
means for conditioning at least one of the incident light, the reflected light and the signal to compensate for differences between the light emitting diode light source and a xenon light source.

US Pat. No. 10,190,989

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INSPECTING APPEARANCE OF OBJECT USING IMAGES PICKED UP UNDER DIFFERENT LIGHT QUANTITIES

DENSO WAVE INCORPORATED, ...

1. An apparatus for inspecting an appearance of an object, comprising:a lighting unit radiating light to an object being inspected, the lighting unit being capable of selectively adjusting a quantity of the light to a first light quantity and a second light quantity, the second light quantity being different from the first light quantity;
a camera optically imaging the object, the camera being fixed positionally; and
a control unit configured to
control the lighting unit and the camera so as to provide a first image picked up by the camera in a state where the light is selected to be of the first light quantity and is radiated to the object and a second image picked up by the camera in a state where the light is selected to be of the second light quantity and is radiated to the same object, each of the first and second images being composed of pixels having pixel values;
calculate differences, pixel by pixel, between the pixel values of the first image and the pixel values of the second image; and
determine whether the object has a non-defective appearance or a defective appearance based on a comparison between the calculated differences of the pixel values and reference pixel values which are set, pixel by pixel, as a reference for the determination,
wherein the reference pixel values are set as difference pixel values between pixel values of a third image and pixel values of a fourth image, the third image being picked up by the camera in a state where the light is selected to be of the first light quantity and is radiated to a reference object which serves as a reference to the object being inspected, the fourth image being picked up by the camera in a state where the light is selected to be of the second light quantity and is radiated to the reference object.

US Pat. No. 10,190,988

METHODS OF LASER WELDING DISPOSABLE DIAGNOSTIC TEST ELEMENTS

Roche Diabetes Care, Inc....

17. A disposable diagnostic test element for analyzing a body fluid sample having or suspected of having an analyte of interest, the test element comprising:a stacked or layered arrangement of a base layer, a cover layer, and optionally an intermediate layer, wherein one of the layers is made of an absorbing material configured to absorb radiation from a laser beam and at least one other of the layers is made of a transparent material configured to transmit radiation from the laser beam, wherein the absorbing and transparent materials are fused together in a weld area by laser welding seams, wherein at least one of the layers includes a coating in the form of a chemistry layer adapted to react with the analyte of interest when conducting a test, and wherein the coating covers the weld area and contains one or more components that absorb and/or scatter the radiation from the laser beam at least in part.

US Pat. No. 10,190,987

METHOD FOR INLINE MEASUREMENT ON SIMULATED MOVING BED UNITS OR HYBRID UNITS FOR SEPARATION BY SIMULATED MOVING BED AND CRYSTALLIZATION, AND APPLICATION TO THE CONTROL AND REGULATION OF SAID UNITS

IFP Energies Nouvelles, ...

1. A method for measuring concentrations of species present at at least one point during a separation process operating as a simulated moving bed (SMB) reactor, or a hybrid separation operating as a simulated moving bed (SMB) separation and a further crystallization, said method employing:an immersion probe placed at a point of the reactor or at a point located on a stream entering or leaving said reactor (termed the measurement point),
a thermocouple placed at a distance between an immersed end of the probe and the thermocouple which is at most 30 cm from the measurement point,
a sampling point downstream of the measurement point for analysis by a reference analytical technique during a calibration step,in a manner such as to provide, a Raman spectrum and a temperature simultaneously for each measurement point, said method comprising:a) calibration by inline acquisition of Raman spectra for different mixtures covering a range of concentrations of the species which are to be measured and under temperature and pressure conditions which are representative of an industrial unit and sampling, simultaneously in situ at the sampling point, of moving mixture for analysis by a reference technique, enabling one or more mathematical model(s) to be constructed per constituent as a function of its content;
b) analysis by inline signal processing of the Raman spectrum obtained at each measurement point by means of a chemometric mathematical method employing the or said models constructed during the calibration for each constituent, taking into account the temperature (Tspl) at the measurement point under consideration as well as the range of concentrations Cj of the species present at said measurement point, in order to obtain the concentration Ci of each species present, in which, for each of a) and b), the acquisition of each Raman spectrum is carried out by:
sending a monochromatic signal through a first optical fibre connected to the immersion probe, originating from a laser source with a wavelength of 785 nm plus or minus 1 nm,
retrieving, through a second optical fibre also connected to the immersion probe, a signal corresponding to the Raman effect termed the Raman signal, which is sent to a spectrometer,
retrieving the Raman spectrum of the signal under consideration at the output from the spectrometer.

US Pat. No. 10,190,986

SPATIALLY RESOLVED LIGAND-RECEPTOR BINDING ASSAYS

Abbott Laboratories, Abb...

1. A method for determining the concentration of an analyte in a sample comprising the steps of:(a) combining in a reaction mixture (i) a sample suspected of containing an analyte, (ii) a first receptor attached to a microparticle that binds to the analyte, and (iii) a fluorescently labeled second receptor that binds to the analyte, and allowing formation of a complex comprising the microparticle attached to the first receptor, the analyte, and the fluorescently labeled second receptor;
(b) acquiring a white light image of the reaction mixture in order to determine the location of the microparticle in the reaction of step (a) and a fluorescence image of the reaction mixture in order to determine the location of the fluorescently labeled second receptor in the reaction of step (a);
(c) selecting at least one region of interest from the images acquired in step
(b), wherein the at least one region of interest is a region from which light signals emanate from the complex formed in step (a);
(d) selecting pixels in the at least one region of interest for analysis;
(e) calculating and recording the average and variance of the counts per pixel for the pixels selected in step (d), wherein the counts per pixel is the number of photons counted per pixel per unit of time;
(f) omitting pixels that have counts greater or less than a specified variance;
(g) calculating average counts per pixel of the remaining pixels; and
(h) determining the concentration of the analyte from the data in step (g).

US Pat. No. 10,190,985

SPECTROMETRY DEVICE AND SPECTROMETRY METHOD

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A spectroscopic measurement apparatus for measuring luminous efficiency of a measurement object which outputs up-conversion light by input of excitation light, the apparatus comprising:a light source configured to output the excitation light with a wavelength of 980 nm;
an integrator including an internal space in which the measurement object is disposed, a light input portion configured to input the excitation light from the light source to the internal space, and a light output portion configured to output light from the internal space to the outside;
a filter unit having a transmission spectrum in which an attenuation rate for the excitation light is larger than an attenuation rate for the up-conversion light, and configured to attenuate the light output from the light output portion in accordance with the transmission spectrum;
a spectroscopic detector configured to disperse the light attenuated and output by the filter unit, and acquire spectroscopic spectrum data; and
an analysis unit configured to analyze the luminous efficiency of the measurement object on the basis of transmission spectrum data of the transmission spectrum of the filter unit and the spectroscopic spectrum data.

US Pat. No. 10,190,984

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ANALYZING A SAMPLE AND FOR MONITORING THE PERFORMANCE OF AN OPTICAL SIGNAL DETECTOR

GEN-PROBE INCORPORATED, ...

1. An assay instrument comprising:a first fluorometer comprising a first detection channel having a first light source and a first sensor, the first detection channel being configured to emit and focus light generated by the first light source at a first detection zone, and to receive and focus light on the first sensor;
a carrier comprising a first non-fluorescent surface portion, defining a recess, and configured to support a first receptacle, wherein the carrier and the first fluorometer are movable relative to each other among at least (i) a first position at which a portion of the first receptacle is in the first detection zone, (ii) a second position at which the first non-fluorescent surface portion of the carrier is in the first detection zone, and (iii) a third position at which the recess is in the first detection zone; and
a controller operatively coupled to the first fluorometer and configured to:
determine a characteristic of a sample contained within the first receptacle based on a first measured intensity of light focused on the first sensor while the carrier is at the first position, and
determine an operational performance status of the first fluorometer based on at least one of (i) a second measured intensity of light focused on the first sensor while the carrier is at the second position and (ii) a third measured intensity of light focused on the first sensor while the carrier is at the third position.

US Pat. No. 10,190,983

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR FLUORESCENCE LIFETIME IMAGING WITH PULSED LIGHT

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A method comprising:(a) a light source illuminating a scene with a signal of pulsed light that is pulsed non-periodically;
(b) a time-of-flight sensor taking measurements of light incident on the sensor, which incident light includes pulsed light that has reflected from the scene and includes fluorescent light that has been emitted by fluorescent material in the scene in response to the pulsed light; and
(c) one or more computers performing calculations that include, for each given pixel in a set of pixels in the time-of-flight sensor
(i) calculating a vector of complex numbers by performing a Discrete Fourier Transform on measurements taken by the given pixel, such that each of the complex numbers, respectively,
(A) encodes phase and amplitude of light incident at the given pixel, and
(B) is calculated based on measurements taken during a temporal portion of the signal, which temporal portion does not correspond to any other complex number in the vector, and
(ii) calculating, based on phase of the complex numbers, fluorescence lifetime of a scene point that corresponds to the given pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,982

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE, IMAGE ACQUISITION SYSTEM, INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD, IMAGE INFORMATION ACQUISITION METHOD, AND PROGRAM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

6. An image acquisition system, comprising:an imaging unit configured to generate a plurality of pieces of image data for fluorescence generated from a measurement subject by radiation of an excitation light towards the measurement subject and imaging the fluorescence of the measurement subject while a position of the measurement subject is changed in a thickness direction; and
an arithmetic processing unit configured to generate a plurality of fluorescence images corresponding to respective thickness positions by controlling the imaging unit and perform data processing on each of the plurality of pieces of image data generated by the imaging unit,
wherein the imaging unit includes:
a light source optical system configured to guide the excitation light for excitation of the measurement subject with at least two photons to generate fluorescence toward the measurement subject,
an image guide fiber which is formed by bundling a plurality of multimode optical fiber element wires and is configured to transmit the excitation light incident on one end to the measurement subject from the light source optical system and transmit an image of the measurement subject formed on an other end using the fluorescence generated from the measurement subject to the one end, and
an imaging optical system configured to scan the image of the measurement subject transmitted to the one end of the image guide fiber at a scanning pitch that is narrower than a size of a core of each of the plurality of multimode optical fiber element wires to perform imaging such that at least a part of an optical fiber element wire-corresponding area which corresponds to each of the plurality of multimode optical fiber element wires is included in a plurality of images, and generate the plurality of pieces of image data of the measurement subject, and
the arithmetic processing unit includes:
a selection unit configured to select, for each of a plurality of pixels constituting the optical fiber element wire-corresponding area, a pixel value that has maximum luminance among the plurality of pieces of image data as a representative pixel value of a pixel,
a captured image re-constructing unit configured to re-construct a captured image of the measurement subject using the selected representative pixel value and generate a fluorescence image,
a representative luminance value specifying unit configured to, when luminance values constituting the plurality of fluorescence images captured while the position of the measurement subject in the thickness direction is changed are sequentially rearranged from a highest luminance value based on the plurality of fluorescence images corresponding to respective thickness positions, extract a luminance value ranked at a predetermined position from the highest luminance value and set the extracted luminance value as a representative luminance value of the fluorescence image at a thickness position to be noted, and
a surface position specifying unit configured to use the representative luminance value for each of the plurality of fluorescence images and set the thickness position corresponding to the fluorescence image that gives a maximum representative luminance value as a position corresponding to a surface of the measurement subject.

US Pat. No. 10,190,981

MULTIMODE SPECTROSCOPY APPARATUSES AND METHODS

THE GOVERNING COUNCIL OF ...

1. A surface plasmon resonance assembly for multimode spectroscopy, the assembly comprising:a surface plasmon resonance sensor;
a metallic grating coupled to the surface plasmon resonance sensor configured to excite a plurality of resonances modes in the surface plasmon resonance sensor, the resonance modes comprising:
a first resonance mode for surface sensing, in response to light of a first wavelength;
a second resonance mode for surface sensing, in response to light of the first wavelength; and
a third resonance mode for bulk sensing, in response to light of a second wavelength;
wherein the first, second, and third resonance modes are associated with at least two different polarizations.

US Pat. No. 10,190,980

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS MEASUREMENT OF TURBIDITY, COLOR AND CHLORINE CONTENT OF A SAMPLE OF A LIQUID

BLUE-I WATER TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A method for measuring turbidity, chlorine content and color of a liquid, said method comprising:retaining, from a continuous flow of said liquid, a sample volume of said liquid; and at least nearly simultaneously executing at least two of:
detecting illumination from said sample volume of liquid by at least a first detector operable for detecting illumination from said sample volume of liquid at a 90-degree angle with respect to an illumination beam generated by an illuminator and impinging on said sample volume of liquid, thereby measuring a turbidity of said sample volume of liquid;
detecting illumination from said sample volume of liquid by at least a second detector operable for detecting illumination from said sample volume of liquid at a 180-degree angle with respect to said illumination beam, thereby measuring a color of said sample volume of liquid; and
detecting illumination from said sample volume of liquid by said at least second detector, thereby measuring a chlorine content of said sample volume of liquid;
wherein said detecting said illumination from said sample volume of liquid by said at least said first detector, thereby measuring said turbidity of said sample volume of liquid, comprises;
actuating said illuminator at a first current level;
analyzing outputs of said at least first detector and said at least second detector to ascertain whether the intensity of illumination generated by said illuminator at said first current level and detector by said at least first detector and said at least second detector is within a predetermined range of intensity;
responsive to ascertaining that said intensity of said illumination generated by said illuminator at said first current level and detected by said at least first detector and said at least second detector is within said predetermined range of intensity, a lookup table is employed to determine said turbidity as a function of said intensity of said illumination at said first current level;
responsive to ascertaining that said intensity of said illumination generated by said illuminator at said first current level and detected by said at least first detector and said at least second detector is not within said predetermined range of intensity, actuating said illuminator at a second current which second current level is a function of said first current level;
analyzing outputs of said at least first detector and said at least second detector to ascertain whether the intensity of illumination generated by said illuminator at said second current level and detected by said at least first detector and said at least second detector is within said predetermined range of intensity; and
responsive to ascertaining that said intensity of said illumination generated by said illuminator at said second current level and detected by said at least first detector and said at least second detector is within said predetermined range of intensity, said lookup table is employed to determine said turbidity as a function of said intensity of said illumination at said second current level.

US Pat. No. 10,190,979

METROLOGY IMAGING TARGETS HAVING REFLECTION-SYMMETRIC PAIRS OF REFLECTION-ASYMMETRIC STRUCTURES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A metrology target comprising:at least one reflection-symmetric pair of structures, wherein the at least one reflection-symmetric pair includes a first reflection-asymmetric structure and at least an additional reflection-asymmetric structure, wherein at least one of the first reflection-asymmetric structure or the at least an additional reflection-asymmetric structure includes a series of periodically spaced target elements, wherein at least some of the periodically spaced target elements are reflection-asymmetric.

US Pat. No. 10,190,975

LEAKED GAS DETECTION DEVICE AND LEAKED GAS DETECTION METHOD

KONICA MINOLTA, INC., To...

1. A leaked gas detection device comprising:an infrared image acquisitor that acquires an infrared image of a target area;
a hardware processor that extracts a gas cloud image area of a gas cloud formed with a leaked gas on the basis of the infrared image of the target area acquired in the infrared image acquisitor; and
a gas cloud temperature acquisitor that acquires a gas temperature of the gas cloud,
the hardware processor obtaining a concentration-thickness product of the gas cloud, and obtaining a reliability degree that is an index representing the degree of reliability with respect to the concentration-thickness product of the gas cloud obtained in the hardware processor on the basis of a background temperature in the gas cloud image area extracted in the hardware processor and the gas temperature acquired in the gas cloud temperature acquisitor.

US Pat. No. 10,190,974

OPTICAL GAS SENSOR COMPRISING AN LED EMITTER FOR THE EMISSION OF LIGHT OF A NARROW BANDWIDTH

1. An optical gas sensor for quantitatively measuring the concentration of one or more gases, the optical gas sensor comprising:a radiation source for emitting light waves;
a cuvette for holding a gas to be measured; and
a detector for measuring light intensities, wherein:
the radiation source comprises a first emitter and a second emitter, the first emitter being configured to emit light waves of a first wavelength and the second emitter is configured to emit light waves of a second wavelength, the second wavelength being different from the first wavelength, and the detector comprising at least one optical filter, the radiation source being configured to emit the light waves of the at least one first wavelength and of the second wavelength simultaneously as well as separately from one another;
the cuvette comprising a mirror arrangement with a plane mirror and a concave mirror arranged opposite the plane mirror, wherein an optical axis of the concave mirror is arranged essentially at right angles to the plane mirror, wherein the plane mirror has a first aperture and a second aperture, wherein the first aperture has at least two emitters;
the emitter is configured to emit a spectrum, the full width at half maximum of which is a maximum 50% of the effective wavelength; and
the detector being configured to receive the first and second wavelengths and to separately quantitatively detect an intensity of the emitted light waves of the first wavelength and of the second wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,190,973

INTEGRATED ULTRAVIOLET ANALYZER

Sensor Electronic Technol...

1. An ultraviolet analyzer cell comprising:an ultraviolet photodetector;
a solid state light source configured to emit ultraviolet light, wherein at least some ultraviolet light emitted by the solid state light source passes through an analyzer active gap and irradiates a light sensing surface of the ultraviolet photodetector, wherein the ultraviolet photodetector and the solid state light source are monolithically integrated; and
an insulating layer covering exposed surfaces of the analyzer active gap, wherein the insulating layer is transparent to the ultraviolet light emitted by the solid state light source, and wherein the insulating layer only partially fills the analyzer active gap.

US Pat. No. 10,190,972

DEVICE FOR MANAGING PULSES IN PUMP-PROBE SPECTROSCOPY

ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE, Pal...

1. A device for managing light pulses for measuring a reaction of a sample exposed to a first light pulse called a “pump” pulse, the measurement being performed by analysis of a signal emitted by the sample subjected to a second light pulse, called a “probe” pulse, temporally shifted with respect to the “pump” pulse by a determined time interval, the device comprising:two ultrashort pulsed oscillators of different pulse frequencies, stable over a determined period ?t, said oscillators being characterized by their relative phase which allows to foresee the delay between all the pulses produced by the two oscillators,
two optical detectors beamed to detecting the pulses of two light beams emitted by two ultrashort pulsed oscillators respectively, the first beam being called the “pump” beam and the second beam being called the “probe” beam, in the direction of said sample; the detectors being connected to
a computer configured to accumulate during said determined period ?t measurements of the relative phase and determine, based on these measurements, the value of the time delays between subsequent pump and probe pulses, with a precision improving with the square root of the number of measurements, hence in the picosecond or sub-picosecond domain,
an acquisition system connected to the computer and configured to receive from the computer the time delay values and to acquire signals emitted by the sample in order to analyze its reaction to the pairs of pulses for determined values of time delay.

US Pat. No. 10,190,971

ANALYZING COLOR OF COLOR ALLOY USING REFLECTANCE

Korea Institute of Indust...

1. A method for analyzing a color of a color alloy using reflectance, wherein the method comprises:charging a measurement object and a reference object into a sample charging unit of a spectrophotometer;
emitting light to the reference object and to the measurement object, using a light source of the spectrophotometer, and reflecting the same;
measuring wavelength-wise reflectance while changing a wavelength of the light, which is directed from the light source to the measurement object and to the reference object, by a detection unit of the spectrophotometer;
calculating an absolute value of difference between wavelength-wise reflectance measured from the measurement object and from the reference object, as a deviation value, and calculating an average value thereof, in an operation unit;
dividing the average value by the wavelength-wise reflectance of the reference object, thereby obtaining a mean deviation ratio of reflectance; and
comparing the mean deviation ratio with a preset reference value, thereby determining whether the colors of the measurement object and the reference object are same or not by an operation unit,
wherein, in determining whether the colors are same or not by an operation unit, when the value of the mean deviation ratio is less than the preset reference value the colors are determined to be same by the operation unit, whereas when the value of the mean deviation ratio is equal to or higher than the preset reference value the colors are determined not to be same by the operation unit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,969

FLUID ANALYZER WITH MODULATION FOR LIQUIDS AND GASES

Redshift Bioanalytics, In...

1. A method of measuring a property of a fluid, comprising:creating adjacent spatial regions of a first fluid and a second fluid in a fluidic channel of a fluidic flow cell;
moving a boundary region separating the first fluid and second fluid through an interrogation region in the fluidic channel such that the interrogation region sequentially contains predominately the first fluid in a first time interval and primarily the second fluid in a second time interval;
illuminating with an optical source the interrogation region to create an interrogation signal from the interaction of the optical source signal and the first and second fluid within the interrogation region;
measuring a time varying interrogation signal with a transducer; and
processing the time varying interrogation signal to determine a first property of the first fluid or a second property of the second fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,190,968

CORROSION RATE MEASUREMENT WITH MULTIVARIABLE SENSOR

ROSEMOUNT INC., Shakopee...

1. A corrosion measurement system, comprising:a corrosion sensor having a corrosion sensor output related to corrosion due to exposure to a process fluid;
a process variable sensor having a process variable output related to a process variable of the process fluid wherein the process variable changes a rate at which components exposed to the process fluid corrode; and
measurement circuitry coupled to the corrosion sensor and the process variable sensor having an output related to corrosion of components exposed to the process fluid based upon the corrosion sensor output and the process variable output wherein the measurement circuitry identifies periods of reduced corrosion rate and uses reduced power during the periods of reduced corrosion rate.

US Pat. No. 10,190,967

FATIGUE CRACKING MACHINE FOR CIRCUMFERENTIAL NOTCHED TENSILE SPECIMENS

Kuwait Institute for Scie...

1. A fatigue cracking machine for circumferential notched tensile (CNT) specimens, comprising:a platform;
a motor securely mounted on the platform, the motor including a motor shaft;
a bearing support securely mounted on the platform;
a holding bearing mounted in the bearing support;
an elongate holding cylinder defining a blind bore, the holding cylinder having a first end coupled to the motor shaft and a second end journaled into the holding bearing, the blind bore having an opening in the second end of the holding cylinder configured for receiving a first end of a CNT specimen into the blind bore;
a bearing support block securely mounted on the platform;
a load fork having a pair of tines defining a first end of the load fork and a shaft extending from the tines, the shaft having an end defining the second end of the load fork, the shaft being slidable within the bearing support block;
a load bearing mounted between the tines of the load fork;
an elongate load cylinder defining a blind bore, the load cylinder having a first end journaled into the load bearing for rotation therewith in alignment with the holding cylinder, the load cylinder having a second end, the blind bore having an opening defined in the second end of the load cylinder configured for receiving a second end of the CNT specimen into the blind bore;
an adjustment bolt threadable in and out of the bearing support block to bear against the end of the shaft, the adjustment bolt adjusting displacement of the load fork;
a support post rigidly mounted on the platform; and
an indicator mounted on the support post, the indicator having a plunger bearing against the load bearing, the indicator being configured to measure displacement of the load bearing;
wherein the machine forms a crack in the CNT specimen through a plane extending through the circumferential notch when the specimen is supported by the holding cylinder and the load cylinder with the circumferential notch aligned with the second end of the holding cylinder and the motor is activated to rotate the motor shaft and the adjustment bolt is threaded into the bearing support block to displace the load fork to apply a bending force to the CNT specimen, the displacement being measured by the indicator to monitor initiation and propagation of the crack.

US Pat. No. 10,190,966

METAL-PIPE USE SUPPORT SYSTEM

1. A metal-pipe use support system comprising:a reading unit configured to read identification data for a plurality of metal pipes,
a metal pipe information reception unit configured to receive, from the reading unit, the identification data for each of the plurality of metal pipes;
a use condition reception unit configured to receive an environment value indicative of an environment at each of positions in a space in which the metal pipes are to be placed as use condition data about a condition under which a metal pipe is to be used;
a pipe-specific data acquisition unit configured to access a data recording unit storing pipe-specific data indicative of a property of each metal pipe and corresponding identification data in an associated manner and to acquire the pipe-specific data associated with the identification data received by the metal pipe information reception unit, the pipe-specific data including a performance value indicative of a performance of each of the metal pipes;
a pipe determination unit configured to assign, by a processor, to each of the positions in the space in which the metal pipes are to be placed, a metal pipe having a performance value suitable for the environment value of that position based on a comparison between the environment value for each of the positions in the space in which the metal pipes are to be placed indicated by the use-condition data and the performance value indicative of the performance of each of the metal pipes included in the pipe-specific data to determine an arrangement of the plurality of metal pipes; and
an output unit configured to output information relating to the metal pipe determined by the pipe determination unit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,964

GENERATING A FLUID STREAM IN A MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE

XY, LLC, Navasota, TX (U...

1. A method of operating a flow cytometer, comprising:providing a variable volume container having a flexible wall;
establishing an amount of fluid in said variable volume container;
exerting an amount of pressure with an amount of a gas on an exterior surface of said flexible wall of said variable volume container, wherein said flexible wall comprises at least two flexible layers, a first flexible layer compatible with said amount of gas and a second flexible layer compatible with said amount of fluid;
collecting said amount of gas between said first flexible layer and said second flexible layer;
providing a conduit between said variable volume container and a flow path of said flow cytometer;
generating a fluid stream of said amount of fluid in said flow path of said flow cytometer by exerting said amount of pressure with said amount of gas on said exterior surface of said flexible wall of said variable volume container;
generating a fluid pressure of said fluid stream of said amount of fluid inside of said flow cytometer within the range of about 25 psi and about 50 psi;
regulating said fluid stream within said flow path of said flow cytometer having said fluid pressure within the range of about 25 psi and about 50 psi for analysis of a plurality of particles entrained within said fluid stream;
intermittently entraining one of said plurality of particles in said fluid stream in said flow path of said flow cytometer; and
analyzing said plurality of particles entrained within said fluid stream.

US Pat. No. 10,190,962

FLOW CYTOMETRY SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR BLOCKING DIFFRACTION PATTERNS

Abbott Laboratories, Abb...

1. A flow cytometer system for blocking a diffraction pattern, the system comprising:an intermediate angle scatter (IAS) light detector; and
a mask disposed across a portion of the IAS light detector and covering at least a central portion of the IAS light detector so as to block a diffraction pattern created by:
(1) a flat beam profile irradiating the liquid sample while allowing all IAS signals to be detected by the IAS light detector; or
(2) a mismatched index of refraction between a sheath fluid and a liquid sample when the liquid sample is irradiated while allowing all IAS signals emitted from the liquid sample to be detected by the IAS light detector.

US Pat. No. 10,190,961

SAMPLE ANALYZER AND SAMPLE ANALYZING METHOD THEREOF

Shenzhen Mindray Bio-Medi...

1. A sample analyzer, comprising:a sample collection device for collecting a sample quantitatively, wherein the sample comprises cell particles;
a reagent supplement device for providing a reagent, wherein the reagent is able to react with the cell particles;
a sample reaction device for receiving the sample from the sample collection device and the reagent from the reagent supplement device, wherein the reagent reacts with the cell particles to generate an analyte;
an analyte delivery device for delivering the analyte for optical measurement; and
an optical measurement device for measuring a light signal generated from the analyte to generate light signal information, wherein the optical measurement device comprises:
a fluid chamber comprising an illumination zone, wherein the analyte from the analyte delivery device flows through the illumination zone to form a sample stream;
a light source for illuminating the illumination zone to generate the light signal from the sample stream; and
a light detector for detecting the light signal and transforming the light signal into the light signal information, wherein the light detector comprises at least one silicon photomultiplier, wherein a light sensing area of the silicon photomultiplier is smaller than a threshold value, a distortion of a pulse amplitude of an electrical signal is triggered when the light sensing area of the silicon photomultiplier exceeds the threshold value, and the electrical signal is generated according to an amount of a dark pulse count overlapping on a single one of the cell particles.

US Pat. No. 10,190,960

MICRO-LENS SYSTEMS FOR PARTICLE PROCESSING SYSTEMS

1. A particle processing system comprising:a detection region including a micro-lens array; and
a particle processing region configured to be removably and optically coupled to the detection region, wherein the particle processing region includes at least one microfluidic channel;
wherein the micro-lens array includes at least one micro-lens system having a plurality of free-space optical elements disposed along a central axis, the micro-lens system positioned relative to the at least one microfluidic channel so as to collect light from an angle of less than 180 degrees from the at least one microfluidic channel, and
wherein at least one optical element collects and collimates a fluorescence signal.

US Pat. No. 10,190,959

SORTING FLOW CYTOMETER

Beckman Coulter, Inc., B...

1. A sorting flow cytometer comprising:a fluid nozzle configured to receive a fluid input and generate a fluid stream along a fluid path;
a laser configured to generate a laser beam and positioned to direct the laser beam at the fluid stream;
acquisition electronics including a sensor analyzer arranged and configured to detect light from the laser after the laser beam has intersected the fluid stream;
a computing device in data communication with the acquisition electronics;
a computer readable data storage device storing data instructions that, when executed by the computing device, cause the computing device to perform the following steps:
identify segments of the fluid stream, including a first segment and a second segment that are directly adjacent to each other;
generate preliminary sort decisions that assign preliminary charges to segments of the fluid stream including a first preliminary sort decision that assigns a first preliminary charge to the first segment and a second preliminary sort decision that assigns a second preliminary charge to the second segment;
evaluate the first preliminary sort decision and the second preliminary sort decision;
generate final sort decisions that include a modification to the first preliminary sort decision or the second preliminary sort decision to assign a neutral charge for at least one of the first segment or the second segment; and
generate a sort control signal according to the final sort decisions;
sort control electronics in data communication with the computing device, configured to receive the sort control signal from the computing device and selectively apply charges to the segments of the fluid stream prior to a drop break off point; and
deflection plates arranged adjacent to the fluid path to sort drops formed from the segments of the fluid stream into a plurality of containers.

US Pat. No. 10,190,958

PROBE PERMEAMETRY ON UNCONSOLIDATED FORMATIONS

New England Research, Inc...

1. A method for measuring permeability of a formation using a probe permeameter, comprising:confining a sample of the formation in a container;
covering the formation sample with a screen having a plurality of perforations therein, the screen being configured to conform to irregularities in a surface of the formation sample;
applying the probe permeameter to at least one selected perforation in the screen, wherein the screen distributes a load from the probe permeameter sufficiently so as not to deform the sample and thereby provides a fluid tight seal between probe tip and the formation sample;
and measuring permeability of the formation at the at least one selected perforation.

US Pat. No. 10,190,956

TRUE DENSITY MEASUREMENT DEVICE

MicrotracBEL Corp., Osak...

1. A true density measurement device for measuring a true density of an object to be measured with a gas phase substitution method, the true density measurement device comprising:a sample chamber that houses the object to be measured, and is pressurized by introducing an inert gas into the sample chamber;
an expansion chamber into which the inert gas having been introduced into the sample chamber is released;
a capacity changing member that can be housed in the expansion chamber; and
a notifying section that recommends use of the capacity changing member based on a relationship between a previously obtained capacity of the expansion chamber and a measurement error, wherein;
the expansion chamber is opened and closed by a lid which can be attached or detached under normal usage conditions, and has a variable capacity that is changed by inserting or removing the capacity changing member.

US Pat. No. 10,190,954

PRE-STRAINED COMPOSITE TEST COUPONS

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A method comprising:inserting a test coupon of a composite material having a plurality of layers into a testing device that has a first element to secure the test coupon and a second element to secure the test coupon, wherein the plurality of layers of the test coupon are arranged in a cross-ply layup including:
inner ply layers having first fibers and a first matrix material associated with the first fibers, the first fibers oriented in a first direction; and
outer ply layers having second fibers and a second matrix material associated with the second fibers, the outer ply layers including outermost ply layers and the second fibers oriented in a second direction that is different than the first direction;
performing a first loading operation on the test coupon, wherein the first loading operation includes applying a first tensile load oriented in the first direction, the first tensile load corresponding to a threshold load that is less than a failure load of the first fibers;
removing the first tensile load after the first tensile load causes cracking along the second direction and between the second fibers of each of the outermost ply layers;
after removing the first tensile load, performing a second loading operation on the test coupon, wherein the second loading operation includes increasing tensile loading of the test coupon to the failure load of the first fibers;
receiving, from the testing device, strain values of the test coupon during tensile loading of the test coupon; and
determining one or more modulus values associated with a first contribution corresponding to the inner ply layers based on the strain values and based on a nominal thickness of a ply area associated with the inner ply layers, the first contribution independent of a second contribution of the outer ply layers.

US Pat. No. 10,190,953

TOMOGRAPHY SAMPLE PREPARATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS WITH IMPROVED SPEED, AUTOMATION, AND RELIABILITY

1. A method for creating a tomography sample from a sample substrate, comprising:(a) identifying a target area and underlying target volume of a substrate containing a region of interest;
(b) creating a mill pattern based on the target area and a desired sample pillar height and width;
(c) milling a crater asymmetrically positioned around the identified target area to form a sample pillar containing a target volume using a focused ion beam (FIB), (i) the crater large enough to allow a single FIB cut at a desired angle from vertical with respect to the sample pillar orientation to pass within the crater and cut the sample pillar free from the substrate, (ii) the crater having a first depth on a cutting side of the sample pillar of at least the desired sample pillar height and a second, larger, depth opposite the cutting side, the second depth large enough to accommodate the opposite end of the single FIB cut to leave the sample pillar detached after the single FIB cut, (iii) the crater having a first gap between the sample pillar and a crater edge on the cutting side and a second gap, substantially smaller than the first gap, opposite the cutting side;
(d) attaching a probe tip of a probe to the sample pillar;
(e) cutting the sample pillar free with the single FIB cut at the desired angle; and
(f) using the probe to move the sample pillar to a sample holder.

US Pat. No. 10,190,952

GUEST-COMPOUND-ENVELOPING POLYMER-METAL-COMPLEX CRYSTAL, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, METHOD FOR PREPARING CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ANALYSIS SAMPLE, AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING MOLECULAR STRUCTURE OF ORGANIC COMPOUND

JAPAN SCIENCE AND TECHNOL...

1. A polymer-metal complex crystal including a compound (A) as a guest compound, the polymer-metal complex crystal consisting of:a polymer-metal complex represented by [[M(X)2]3(L)2]n (wherein M is a metal ion, X is a monovalent anion, L is a tridentate ligand represented by a formula (1),
wherein Ar is a substituted or unsubstituted trivalent aromatic group, X1 to X3 are independently a divalent organic group, or a single bond that directly bonds Ar and Y1, Y2, or Y3, and Y1 to Y3 are independently a monovalent organic group having a coordinating moiety, and n is an arbitrary natural number), wherein the polymer-metal complex has a three-dimensional network structure that is formed by the metal ion and the ligand that is coordinated to the metal ion, and the polymer-metal complex comprising pores and optionally voids, said pores being identical to each other such that they are three-dimensionally arranged in the three-dimensional network structure in an ordered manner; anda compound (A) selected from the group consisting of an aliphatic hydrocarbon, an alicyclic hydrocarbon, an ether, an ester, an aromatic hydrocarbon selected from the group consisting of benzene, toluene, xylene, mesitylene and naphthalene, anthracene, and phenanthrene, a halogenated hydrocarbon, and a nitrile, the compound (A) being included in the pores as a guest compound.

US Pat. No. 10,190,950

SEMI-AUTOMATED SAMPLING SYSTEM FOR ASEPTIC SAMPLING

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A semi-automated sampling assembly configured for aseptic sampling at one or more instances from a sample source having a biological inoculum, the semi-automated sampling assembly comprising:a sampling conduit comprising a first port and a second port, wherein the first port of the sampling conduit is configured to be coupled to the sample source, wherein the second port of the sampling conduit is configured to be coupled to a purging fluid source;
a recovery conduit comprising a first port and a second port, wherein the first port of the recovery conduit is configured to be coupled to the sample source, wherein the second port of the recovery conduit is coupled to the sampling conduit at a junction;
a sampling loop comprising a portion of a tubing of the semi-automated sampling assembly disposed between the first port of the sampling conduit, the junction, and the first port of the recovery conduit, and wherein the biological inoculum is circulated in the sampling loop and returned to the sample source via the recovery conduit prior to a sampling instance;
one or more sampling kits coupled to the sampling conduit; and
a motorized pump coupled to the sampling conduit, wherein the motorized pump is configured to draw the purging fluid source, or a sample, or both, in the sampling conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,949

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR A CONE PENETRATION TEST WITH WHIPSTOCK-ENABLED SOIL SAMPLING

1. An apparatus for taking soil samples from subsurface soil strata, comprising:an elongated tubular whipstock cell having a proximal end and a distal end;
a through-opening along a portion of the whipstock cell comprising a pre-formed window;
a whipstock residing within the whipstock cell, the whipstock having a face angled towards the pre-formed window;
at least one push rod connected to the proximal end of the whipstock cell, the push rod representing a tubular body;
an elongated sampling rod dimensioned to be slidably moved through an inner diameter of the at least one push rod en route to the whipstock cell;
a mechanical soil sampler configured to extend through the pre-formed window; and
a bent sub having a proximal end and a distal end, wherein the proximal end is connected to a distal end of the sampling rod, and the distal end is connected to the soil sampler, and wherein the bent sub is configured to deflect off of the whipstock face when urged through the pre-formed window.

US Pat. No. 10,190,947

VISUAL CREEP INSPECTION OF ROTATING COMPONENTS

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A system comprising:a component with an external surface and an axis of rotation, wherein the external surface has a circumference and a plurality of three dimensional reference marks forming a reference pattern along the circumference;
an optical data capture device that transmits a data signal based on the plurality of three dimensional reference marks;
a rotational index encoder that generates position data related to the plurality of three dimensional reference marks as the component rotates around the axis of rotation; and
a data analysis system that processes the data signal transmitted from the optical data capture device and the position data generated by the rotational index encoder to calculate a deviation in spacing of the reference pattern along the circumference and determine a strain measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,190,943

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR INSPECTING ROLLING ELEMENTS BY MEANS OF ULTRASOUND

ThyssenKrupp Rothe Erde G...

1. A method for inspection of rolling elements by means of ultrasound comprising:individually taking the rolling elements to an ultrasound measuring device, wherein the rolling elements are of spherical shape;
arranging the individual rolling elements in a center between two drive rollers of the ultrasound measuring device;
moving the individual rolling elements in the ultrasound measuring device and subjecting the individual rolling elements to an ultrasound measurement,
wherein in the moving step, the drive rollers are turned with a same speed and in a same direction about a common axis of rotation, such that the individual rolling elements placed thereupon are also turned about an axis arranged parallel to the common axis of rotation of the drive rollers, and such that a circumferential line of the individual in rolling elements is moved past a stationary ultrasound head,
wherein after a complete rotation, an opposite running drive of the drive rollers produces a rotation of the individual rolling elements about a vertical axis, and
wherein during another synchronous rotation of the drive rollers, a different circumferential line in a manner of a circle of longitude is moved past an assigned measuring device; and
classifying the individual rolling elements, depending on a result of the ultrasound measurement the individual rolling elements, as defective or nondefective.

US Pat. No. 10,190,942

DIAGNOSIS OF DRIVE SHAFT DISC COUPLINGS

SIKORSKY AIRCRAFT CORPORA...

1. A method applied to one or more components of a drive shaft of an aircraft, the method comprising:obtaining data based on samples of a vibration signal;
processing, by at least one processor, the data to obtain a qualitative and quantitative assessment of a health of the one or more components based on an application of the data to at least one model, wherein processing the data further comprises segmenting the vibration signal into a plurality of segments representative of a revolution of the drive shaft based on a nominal speed of the drive shaft as part of processing the data, resampling the vibration signal segments from constant time based sampling to constant angular based sampling, and averaging the resampled segments as part of processing the data; and
outputting the assessment.

US Pat. No. 10,190,941

SILICON OPTICAL CIRCUIT FOR FLAW DETECTION IN AN OPTICAL CIRCUIT ELEMENT

NIPPON TELEGRAPH AND TELE...

1. A silicon optical circuit having a function of detecting a flaw occurred on an optical circuit element formed on a substrate, the optical circuit comprising:an optical waveguide arranged along at least a part of a contour of a target circuit having a predetermined function by the optical circuit element and arranged proximate at a distance that does not cause optical coupling with the target circuit; and
optical path conversion means disposed at both ends of the optical waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,190,939

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING INTERRELATION PROFILE ANALYSIS

AFL Telecommunications LL...

1. A method of analyzing polarization-maintaining (PM) optical fibers, comprising:illuminating a side of each of a first and second PM optical fiber using light having a focus point intersecting each of the first and second PM optical fibers;
physically rotating each of the first and second PM optical fiber and measuring light intensity of the light transmitted through each of the first and second PM optical fiber to obtain an image profile of each of the first and second PM optical fiber;
mathematically shifting the image profile of each of the first and second PM optical fiber at incremental rotation angles;
expanding the image profile of each of the first and second PM optical fiber at each rotational angle into a Fourier series profile, using the following equations to expand the image profile of each of the first and second PM optical fiber at each rotational angle into the Fourier series profile:

determining points of symmetry of each of the first and second PM optical fiber based on the Fourier series profiles; and
aligning the first and second PM optical fibers based on the points of symmetry.

US Pat. No. 10,190,938

SEMI-FLEXIBLE PROOF-MASS

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A microelectromechanical device, comprising:a substantially planar semi-flexible proof-mass comprising at least one primary part and at least one secondary part, and at least one stiff spring coupling the at least one primary part to the at least one secondary part of the semi-flexible proof-mass, the at least one stiff spring substantially causing the at least one primary part and the at least one secondary part to move as a single, rigid entity when the device is in a normal operation range;
at least one main spring coupled to the at least one secondary part, the main spring coupling the semi-flexible proof-mass to a fixed suspension structure; and
at least one first stopper structure configured to stop the at least one primary part,
wherein the semi-flexible proof-mass is configured to deform through deflection of the at least one stiff spring, when the device is subjected to a shock that impacts the device with a force that is beyond the normal operation range of the device, the shock causing a motion of the semi-flexible proof-mass at least in a direction along an axis of movement, and
wherein the at least one stiff spring further causes a restoring force causing the at least one secondary part of the semi-flexible proof-mass to be driven into a restoring motion in a direction opposite to the motion along the axis of movement caused by the shock, wherein momentum of the at least one secondary part in the restoring motion further causes the at least one primary part to dislodge from the at least one first stopper structure.

US Pat. No. 10,190,936

MOBILE BRIDGE APPARATUS

BAE Systems plc, London ...

1. A mobile bridge apparatus, comprising:a plurality of mobile bridge modules each configured to form a portion of a bridge and to be in connection with one another; and
a plurality of sensors, each of the sensors being located at different locations on at least one of the mobile bridge modules and configured to sense a deformation of each respective mobile bridge module.

US Pat. No. 10,190,934

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ENGINE-OFF NATURAL VACUUM LEAK TESTING WITH FUEL ENABLEMENT COMPENSATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an evaporative emissions system, comprising:adjusting a threshold for an evaporative emissions leak test entry condition that comprises an engine heat rejection inference for an engine run time duration, based on at least a fuel level;
responsive to the engine heat rejection inference being greater than the adjusted threshold, adjusting one or more pressure thresholds for an evaporative emissions leak test based on the engine heat rejection inference; and
indicating degradation of the evaporative emissions system based on the adjusted one or more pressure thresholds.

US Pat. No. 10,190,930

MICRO FEEDBACK-CHAMBER SENSOR AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SUCH SENSOR

Mei-Yen Lee, Hsin Chu (T...

1. A micro feedback-chamber sensor, comprising:a semiconductor base having a sensing circuit;
a bonding structure layer formed on the semiconductor base; and
a sensing member chip having a low-resistance semiconductor body, a first end portion and a second end portion, wherein the semiconductor body has free-standing silicon (Si) posts, the first end portion is formed with at least one sensing member structure, the second end portion is connected to the semiconductor base through the bonding structure layer, a micro feedback-chamber structure is formed among the at least one sensing member structure, the semiconductor base and the semiconductor body, and the at least one sensing member structure is electrically connected to the sensing circuit through the free-standing Si posts, wherein:
the at least one sensing member structure and the micro feedback-chamber structure collaboratively react to an externally inputted physical signal to generate a sensing signal outputted to the sensing circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,929

PRESSURE SENSOR DEVICE AND PRESSURE SENSOR DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A pressure sensor cell, comprising:a semiconductor pressure sensor chip having a pressure receiving portion and for converting pressure into an electric signal;
a base member having a through hole that penetrates a first surface of the base member and a second surface of the base member, the semiconductor pressure sensor chip being joined to the second surface so that the pressure receiving portion is aligned with the through hole;
a metal material;
a pressure introduction unit formed of metal and having a through hole that penetrates a first surface of the pressure introduction unit and a second surface of the pressure introduction unit, the second surface of the pressure introduction unit being joined across the metal material to the first surface of the base member so that the through hole of the pressure introduction unit connects with the through hole of the base member, the pressure introduction unit having
a stepped portion protruding outward in an end portion of the pressure introduction unit on an opened end side in which the through hole of the pressure introduction unit is opened, and
a protruding portion protruding from the stepped portion to a base member side, a wall thickness of the protruding portion being smaller than a height of the stepped portion; and
a resin case having a signal terminal that extracts the electric signal from the semiconductor pressure sensor chip, the protruding portion being integrated with the resin case so that a surface of the stepped portion on a side, that is opposite to the opened end side, is in contact with the resin case;
wherein the through hole of the pressure introduction unit is wider than the through hole of the base member.

US Pat. No. 10,190,927

TACTILE SENSOR AND METHOD FOR EVALUATING TOUCH FEELING

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPO...

1. A tactile sensor, comprisinga sensor part that is formed in a substrate, wherein
the sensor part includes:
a frame that includes a side part of the substrate;
a contact that is disposed in parallel to the substrate so that a tip of the contact projects from a side face of the substrate;
a suspension that supports the contact to the frame; and
a displacement detector that detects displacement of the contact.

US Pat. No. 10,190,926

FIBER BRAGG GATING (FBG) SENSOR

AGENCY FOR SCIENCE, TECHN...

1. A fiber Bragg grating (FBG) sensor structure comprising:a plurality of optical fiber portions, each one of the plurality of optical fiber portions having at least one FBG formed therein and a loose tube, wherein the at least one FBG is disposed within the loose tube, and wherein the loose tube is spaced approximately 2 cm apart from each of one or two neighboring loose tubes; and
a sleeve structure capable of transferring vibrations, strain, or the vibrations and strain along a length thereof, wherein each of the plurality of optical fiber portions is coupled to the sleeve structure such that the wavelength of the each of the plurality of optical fiber portions is variable under the transferred vibrations, strain, or the vibrations and strain,
and
wherein the plurality of optical fiber portions are split from one another by one or more single mode fibers.

US Pat. No. 10,190,925

LOW COST OVERMOLDED LEADFRAME FORCE SENSOR WITH MULTIPLE MOUNTING POSITIONS

Honeywell International I...

1. A force sensor comprising:a leadframe comprising a plurality of electrically conductive leads;
a sense die coupled to the leadframe, wherein the sense die is electrically coupled to the plurality of leads;
an encapsulant disposed over at least a portion of the leadframe and the sense die, wherein the plurality of leads extends from the encapsulant;
wherein the encapsulant is in contact with the leadframe and the sense die;
a first actuation element disposed in contact with a first side of the sense die, wherein the first actuation element comprises a mechanical coupling element configured to mechanically couple an external force with the sense die; and
a second actuation element disposed in contact with a second side of the sense die, wherein the second side is opposite to the first side, and wherein the second actuation element comprises a gel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,924

PRESSURE-SENSING DEVICE AND PRESSURE-SENSING TOUCH PANEL

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A pressure-sensing device comprisinga pressed component that has a contact surface to which pressure is applied by contact from a presser;
a polymeric piezoelectric element that is disposed at an opposite side from the contact surface of the pressed component and that has a piezoelectric constant d14 of 1 pC/N or more, as measured at 25° C. using a stress-charge method;
a curable resin layer that comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of cold-setting resins, thermosetting resins and actinic radiation-curable resins, and that is in contact with at least part of a surface of a side facing the pressed component of the polymeric piezoelectric element or at least part of a surface of an opposite side facing the pressed component of the polymeric piezoelectric element; and
an electrode that is in contact with at least part of a surface of the polymeric piezoelectric element or of a surface of the curable resin layer.

US Pat. No. 10,190,923

STRAIN SENSING ELEMENT, PRESSURE SENSOR, MICROPHONE, BLOOD PRESSURE SENSOR, AND TOUCH PANEL

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A strain sensing element provided on a deformable substrate, comprising:a first magnetic layer;
a second magnetic layer including Fe1-yBy (0 an intermediate layer provided between the first magnetic layer and the second magnetic layer,
wherein a first part of the Fe1-yBy (0

US Pat. No. 10,190,922

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CALIBRATING A SENSOR

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first transistor with a gate terminal coupled to a first node and a current source;
a second transistor with a gate terminal coupled to a second node and ground;
a first resistor coupled to the first and second nodes;
a second resistor coupled to the first node and a reference voltage supply;
a diode coupled to the second node;
a third resistor coupled to the second node and the voltage reference supply; and
a switch coupled to the third resistor and the voltage reference supply, and wherein a temperature is sensed by subtracting a first current from the first resistor with a second current from the third resistor at the first node when the switch is on.

US Pat. No. 10,190,921

INTERNAL TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT DEVICE

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An internal temperature measurement device, comprising:a base portion, one surface of which is to be brought into contact with a surface of a measuring object when an internal temperature of the measuring object is measured;
a MEMS chip arranged on another surface of the base portion, and including: a substrate portion including a first thin film portion and a second thin film portion that are hollow on the base portion side; a first thermopile configured to measure a first temperature difference between a predetermined region and another region of the first thin film portion; and a second thermopile configured to measure a second temperature difference between a predetermined region and another region of the second thin film portion; and
a calculation unit configured to calculate an internal temperature of the measuring object by using the first temperature difference measured by the first thermopile and the second temperature difference measured by the second thermopile,
wherein the MEMS chip is configured such that a first heat flux which passes through the predetermined region of the first thin film portion from the measuring object in contact with the one surface of the base portion, and which is determined on the basis of the first temperature difference, and a second heat flux which passes through the predetermined region of the second thin film portion from the measuring object in contact with the one surface of the base portion, and which is determined on the basis of the second temperature difference, are different from each other, and in order to reduce the first heat flux, a thin film portion that is hollow on the base portion side is provided on at least one of both sides of the first thin film portion of the substrate portion in a direction where the first thin film portion and the second thin film portion are arranged.

US Pat. No. 10,190,920

ENVIRONMENT SENSOR FOR ACOUSTIC INSTRUMENT

Music Nomad LLC, Sonoma,...

1. A sensor device for an acoustic instrument having a sound hole, comprising:an assembly, comprising:
a body comprising a top, a bottom, and at least one sidewall extending between the top and bottom, wherein the top, the bottom, and the least one sidewall define an internal cavity, and the sidewall includes at least one opening; and
a support member coupled to the top of the body to form an assembly, the support member including a planar surface and a display arranged within the planar surface; and
a sensor contained within the assembly;
wherein the support member forms a right angle relative to the top of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,190,919

DIFFERENTIAL THERMISTOR CIRCUIT

Fairchild Semiconductor C...

1. A circuit comprising:a first resistor configured to be coupled to a first terminal of a temperature-sensitive resistance;
a second resistor configured to be coupled to a second terminal of the temperature-sensitive resistance;
a temperature information circuit configured to:
receive a first voltage from the first terminal of the temperature-sensitive resistance;
receive a second voltage from the second terminal of the temperature-sensitive resistance; and
provide temperature information based on the first voltage and the second voltage, the temperature information circuit including:
a first comparison circuit configured to determine a difference between the first voltage and the second voltage; and
a second comparison circuit configured to compare an output of the first comparison circuit to a reference.

US Pat. No. 10,190,918

CIRCUIT APPARATUS, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A circuit apparatus comprising:a voltage output circuit that outputs a first output voltage when a first current of first temperature characteristics flows in a resistance element, and a second output voltage when a second current of second temperature characteristics different from the first temperature characteristics flows in the resistance element, wherein the voltage output circuit includes
a first transistor configured to selectively provide the first current to the resistance element in a first period such that the voltage output circuit outputs the first output voltage in the first period, and
a second transistor configured to selectively provide the second current to the resistance element in a second period such that the voltage output circuit outputs the second output voltage in the second period;
an A/D conversion circuit that outputs a first digital value by performing A/D conversion on the first output voltage, and outputs a second digital value by performing A/D conversion on the second output voltage; and
a processing unit that obtains temperature data by digital calculation processing based on the first digital value and the second digital value.

US Pat. No. 10,190,917

SURFACE TEMPERATURE PROBE

ABB SCHWEIZ AG, Baden (C...

1. A surface temperature probe assembly, comprising:a surface temperature probe having a first geometric contact surface configured to determine a temperature in a vessel, the vessel having a second geometric contact surface, the first geometric contact surface contacting the second geometric contact surface in a punctiform and/or linear manner and being variably spaced apart from the second contact surface at least in part; and
a metal adapter, provided between the first geometric contact surface and the second geometric contact surface,
wherein a side of the metal adapter facing the vessel has a polygonal surface structure, and
wherein a side of the metal adapter facing the surface temperature probe includes a sack-shaped recess.

US Pat. No. 10,190,916

SYSTEM FOR TRUE THERMAL-LIGHT APPLICATIONS

U.S. Department of Energy...

1. A system for type-2 ghost imaging of an object located in a turbulent air section or obstructed by a turbulent air section, the system comprising:a true thermal light source emitting light, the light travelling in a first optical path;
a beamsplitter optically connected to the true thermal light source, the beamsplitter configured to split the first optical path into a second and third optical path of substantially equal lengths;
a surface optically connected to either the second or third optical path, the object optically connected to the remaining optical path;
a narrowband spectral filter; and
at least one detector optically connected to both the second and third optical path, the at least one detector having a predetermined spatial resolution and a predetermined temporal resolution,
wherein the object is located on one side of the turbulent air section and the at least one detector is located on another side of the turbulent air section.

US Pat. No. 10,190,915

SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR CALIBRATING PYROMETERS IN THERMAL PROCESSING CHAMBERS

Mattson Technology, Inc.,...

1. A process for determining a temperature dependent optical characteristic of a substrate, comprising:placing a substrate made of semiconductor material within a thermal processing chamber, the thermal processing chamber comprising a heating source and at least one coherent light source;
emitting light energy from the at least one coherent light source;
while emitting the light energy from the at least one coherent light source, altering the coherence of the light energy emitted from the at least one coherent light source to generate light energy of altered coherence such that the light energy has an altered spatial coherence by altering a phase of electromagnetic field oscillations across the profile of the light energy emitted from the coherent light source;
detecting, with at least one light detector, the amount of light energy of altered coherence that is transmitted through or reflected from the substrate;
determining a temperature dependent optical characteristic of the substrate based on the detected light energy; and
calibrating a temperature measurement system based at least in part on the temperature dependent optical characteristic.

US Pat. No. 10,190,914

MOTION DETECTION FOR A/V RECORDING AND COMMUNICATION DEVICES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method for an audio/video (A/V) recording and communication device, including a motion sensor, the method comprising:gathering, by the motion sensor, information within a field of view of the A/V recording and communication device and generating an output signal;
sampling the output signal from the motion sensor during a first sampling interval;
calculating a first magnitude of the output signal during the first sampling interval;
sampling the output signal from the motion sensor during a second sampling interval;
calculating a second magnitude of the output signal during the second sampling interval;
calculating a difference between the first magnitude and the second magnitude;
comparing the difference between the first magnitude and the second magnitude to a threshold value; and
upon determining that the difference between the first magnitude and the second magnitude is greater than the threshold value, refraining from generating an alert signal.

US Pat. No. 10,190,912

OPTICAL SYSTEM OF A HIGH-RESOLUTION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH FOR DEEP UV RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

1. A device comprising:an elongated entrance aperture comprised of a slit, which is followed by a collimating objective, with a dispersive element inserted between the collimating objective and a following focusing objective, and
a multi-channel radiation detector arranged behind the focusing objective, wherein the collimating objective comprises at least a main aspherical mirror, wherein the focusing objective is formed by a set of lenses made of CaF2 and fused silica, and the dispersive element is formed by at least one of a diffraction grating and at least one optical prism that increases dispersion and corrects anamorphic magnification of the at least one diffraction grating;
wherein the device is capable of performing high resolution and high throughput Raman spectroscopy in the deep ultraviolet spectral region of 205 to 270 nm;
wherein the device is capable of lens speed of at least f/2;
further wherein the device is capable of achieving spectral resolution of less than 12 cm?1.

US Pat. No. 10,190,911

TARGETING SYSTEM FOR COLOR MEASUREMENT DEVICE

X-Rite, Inc., Grand Rapi...

1. A targeting system for a spectrophotometer for a targeting a sample plane, comprising:a plurality of fiber channels, comprising:
at least one measurement channel; and
at least one illumination channel;
a slit assembly comprising:
a translucent layer disposed adjacent the plurality of fiber channels,
reflective portion disposed adjacent the translucent layer; and
a slit;
wherein each fiber channel comprises a first end, the first end offset from the reflective portion of the slit assembly to allow light transfer from one fiber channel to an adjacent at least one measurement channel;
a first light source in optical communication with a second end of the at least one illumination channel; and
a second light source;
wherein the sample plane is in optical communication with a second end of the at least one measurement channel;
wherein during a targeting mode light is transmitted from the first light source, through the at least one illumination channel, reflected off the slit assembly, transmitted through the measurement channel, and onto the sample plane; and
wherein during a measurement mode, the sample plane is illuminated by the second light source in a same location as during the targeting mode, such that light reflected off the sample plane travels through the at least one measurement channel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,910

OPTICAL FILTER AND SPECTROMETER

VIAVI Solutions Inc., Sa...

1. An optical filter comprising:a first thin film wedged interference coating deposited on a medium of the optical filter; and
a second thin film wedged interference coating deposited on the medium of the optical filter,
where the first thin film wedged interference coating is deposited on a first side of the medium and the second thin film wedged interference coating is deposited on a second, opposite side of the medium with respect to an optical path of a beam of light, or
the medium is located between the first thin film wedged interference coating and the second thin film wedged interference coating, and
where the medium is a single common substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,190,909

PATH DETECTION SYSTEM BASED ON SOLAR BLIND ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT SIGNALS

NANJING UNIVERSITY 5D TEC...

1. A path detection system based on solar blind ultraviolet light signals, comprising a SBUV light signal emitter, a SBUV detector and a signal processing module, wherein the SBUV light signal emitter is arranged on a road to serve as a path mark line; the SBUV detector is configured to detect the path mark line and transmit the detected signals from the SBUV light signal emitter to the signal processing module; and the signal processing module acquires a travelling path in real time by using a path line extraction algorithm, and outputs path information.

US Pat. No. 10,190,908

OPTICAL DEVICES AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME

Heptagon Micro Optics Pte...

1. A method of forming an optical device, the method comprising:forming a substrate comprising a front surface;
providing an optical emitter chip comprising a front surface and a rear surface, the rear surface of the optical emitter chip being disposed along the front surface of the substrate;
providing an optical sensor chip comprising a front surface and a rear surface, the rear surface of the optical sensor chip being disposed along the front surface of the substrate, the optical sensor chip further comprising at least one main sensor and at least one reference sensor on the front surface of the optical sensor chip;
forming an opaque dam on the front surface of the optical sensor chip and at least a portion of the front face of the substrate, the dam separating the main optical sensor and the reference sensor;
forming a first transparent encapsulation block encapsulating the optical emitter chip and the reference optical sensor;
forming a second transparent encapsulation block encapsulating the main optical sensor; and
forming an opaque encapsulation material encapsulating the first transparent encapsulation block and the second transparent encapsulation block, the opaque encapsulation material defining a first opening above the main optical sensor and a second opening above the optical emitter chip,
wherein the opaque encapsulation material extends between the first transparent encapsulation block and the second transparent encapsulation block and abuts the opaque dam.

US Pat. No. 10,190,907

CONVEX WARM SHIELD FOR THERMAL IMAGING DEVICE

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A warm shield as part of a thermal imaging system, comprising:a reflecting surface comprising a convex curvature when positioned relative to an opening of a thermal imaging system, wherein thermal energy originating from the opening of the thermal imaging system that is incident on the convex curvature is reflected in a direction away from the opening of the thermal imaging system; and
an aperture formed in the reflecting surface positioned to facilitate passage therethrough of external thermal energy in a direction towards the opening of the thermal imaging system, at least some of the thermal energy originating from within the thermal imaging system in a direction away from the thermal imaging system, wherein the convex curvature of the reflecting surface is tuned to compensate for an artifact displayed in the thermal imaging system caused by thermal energy originating from a component within the thermal imaging system.

US Pat. No. 10,190,905

OPTICAL SENSOR ARRANGEMENT WITH OPTICAL BARRIER FOR PASSING LIGHT EMITTED BY LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND SCATTERED ON OR ABOVE AN OUTER SURFACE OF COVER

ams AG, Unterpremstaette...

1. An optical sensor arrangement comprising an optical barrier placed between a light emitting device and a photodetector, whereinthe light emitting device and the photodetector are arranged on a first plane and are covered by a cover;
the photodetector exhibits an active zone;
the optical barrier exhibits an extent along a first principal axis parallel to the line connecting the centers of the light emitting device and the photodetector, the extent being greater than a dimension of the active zone;
the dimension of the active zone is given by a width of the active zone, that is an extent of the active zone in a direction within the first plane and perpendicular to the first principal axis;
the optical barrier is designed to block light emitted by the light emitting device that otherwise would be reflected by the cover by means of specular reflection and would reach the photodetector;
the optical barrier is designed to pass light emitted by the light emitting device and scattered on or above an outer surface (OS) of the cover; and
the optical barrier is arranged to allow for light emitted by the light emitting device and scattered on or above the outer surface of the cover to pass around the optical barrier.

US Pat. No. 10,190,903

DIGITAL FISHING NET SCALE CONFIGURED FOR INTEGRATION INTO A HOTSPOT SYSTEM

1. A digital fishing net scale for weighing a fish contained in the net, the scale comprising a hoop, a fishing net configured to contain a fish and connected to the hoop, a handle connected to the hoop and configured for holding the net during fishing and weighing, and a digital scale connected to the handle;wherein hoop, handle and their connection are configured with sufficient strength and rigidity for holding the net weighted by a fish;
wherein the scale is a digital scale that is comprised in a housing connected to the handle;
wherein the digital scale comprises computer executable code stored in non-volatile memory, a processor, a memory, a measuring component, a weighing module, a display, a storage component for data, and a communication component;
wherein the digital scale components are operably connected and are configured to perform the following steps:
measure the weight of a fish contained in the net over an amount of time;
provide one or more number value in a unit corresponding to the one or more weight measurement, or to an average thereof;
show the number value and its unit on the display;
store the number value and its unit, optional catch related data, and optional hotspot related data, at least until it is uploaded; and
upload the number value, optional related data, and optional hotspot related data via the communication component to an external data store.

US Pat. No. 10,190,902

LOW WATER SENSOR TESTING APPARATUS

1. A low water sensor testing apparatus comprising:a. a 2 piece threaded steel ball valve unit with spring return;
b. said 2 piece threaded steel ball valve unit with spring return having an internally threaded first end cavity portion, an internally threaded second cavity portion and a spring loaded ball valve handle component;
c. a first hollow main connector adapter unit;
d. said first hollow main connector adapter unit having an externally threaded first end portion and an unthreaded second end portion;
e. an E-shaped piping unit having an elongated body portion with a first through hole and a second through hole each cut within said body portion with each said through hole being bisected by one common, elongated surface axis of said body portion;
f. a first end segment and a second end segment of said elongated body portion;
g. a first stem portion of said E-shaped piping unit and having a first stem inner end segment and a first stem outer end segment;
h. a second stem portion of said E-shaped piping unit and having a second stem inner end segment and second stem outer end segment;
i. a second hollow main connector adapter unit;
j. said second hollow main connector adapter unit having an externally threaded first end portion and an unthreaded second end portion;
k. a first small hollow adapter unit with an unthreaded first end portion and an externally threaded second end portion;
l. a small ball valve unit having an internally threaded first end cavity portion and an externally threaded second end cavity portion and a ball valve handle component;
m. a second small hollow adapter unit having an unthreaded first end portion and an internally threaded second end portion;
n. a three way purge ball valve unit having an internally threaded first end cavity portion, an internally threaded second end cavity portion, a first ball valve handle component, an internally threaded third end cavity portion, an externally threaded fourth end cavity portion, an ancillary ball valve handle component, and an internally threaded fifth end cavity portion;
o. said externally threaded first end portion of said first hollow main connector adapter unit being threadably connected within said internally threaded second end cavity portion of said 2 piece threaded ball valve unit with spring return;
p. said unthreaded second end portion of said first hollow main connector adapter unit being soldered to and about said first end segment of said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit;
q. said first stem inner end segment being soldered to said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit at and about said first through hole cut within said body portion;
r. said first stem outer end segment being soldered to and within said unthreaded first end portion of said first small hollow adapter unit;
s. said small ball valve unit being threadably connected via said internally threaded first end cavity portion thereof to said externally threaded second end portion of said first small hollow adapter unit;
t. said second stem inner end segment being soldered to said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit at and about said second through hole cut within said body portion;
u. said second stem outer end segment being soldered to and within said unthreaded first end portion of said second small hollow adapter unit;
v. said internally threaded second end portion of said second small hollow adapter unit serving to threadably hold a low water sensor unit via external threading about a body portion of said sensor unit;
w. said second end segment of said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit being soldered to and within said unthreaded second end portion of said second hollow main connector adapter unit;
x. said externally threaded first end portion of said second hollow main connector adapter unit being threadably connected within said internally threaded first end cavity portion of said three way purge ball valve unit;
y. said internally threaded first end cavity portion of said 2 piece threaded steel ball valve unit with spring return being amenable to being threadably connected with the externally threaded distal end portion of initial piping connected within a hole found within a building structure's hot water boiler unit, and;
z. said internally threaded second end cavity portion of said three way purge ball valve unit being amenable to being threadably connected with the externally threaded proximal end portion of outflow piping leading to said building structure's heating system.

US Pat. No. 10,190,901

DOSE MEASUREMENT SYSTEM AND METHOD

Common Sensing Inc., Cam...

1. A method of estimating volume of liquid ejected from a drug container, the method comprising:detecting electromagnetic radiation emitted by at least two of a plurality light sources with each of a plurality of sensors, the plurality of light sources emitting electromagnetic radiation toward the drug container, the drug container including an actuator;
generating a signal signature representative of the electromagnetic radiation detected through the drug container by the plurality of sensors;
comparing the signal signature to a plurality of reference signatures to determine a displacement of a plunger portion of the actuator; and
determining the volume of the liquid ejected from the drug container based on the displacement of the plunger portion of the actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,190,896

ULTRASONIC FLOW SENSOR AND METHOD OF ATTACHING THE SAME

KEYENCE CORPORATION, Osa...

1. An ultrasonic flow sensor comprising:a first sensor unit including a first ultrasonic device which performs at least one of transmission of ultrasonic waves to a fluid flowing in piping or reception of ultrasonic waves from the fluid flowing in the piping;
a second sensor unit including a second ultrasonic device which performs at least the other one of transmission of ultrasonic waves to a fluid flowing in the piping or reception of ultrasonic waves from the fluid flowing in the piping;
a calculation part configured to calculate a flow rate of the fluid in the piping by obtaining a time difference between times required for ultrasonic waves to propagate from an upstream side to a downstream side and from the downstream side to the upstream side of the fluid flowing in the piping based on output signals from the first ultrasonic device and the second ultrasonic device;
a first fitting configured to accommodate the first sensor unit and fix the first sensor unit to the piping, the first fitting including a first position regulating portion configured to come into contact with an outer peripheral surface of the piping so as to align orientation of the first ultrasonic device with respect to the second ultrasonic device in an axial direction of the piping when viewing in a radial direction of the piping and a first housing portion configured to accommodate the first sensor unit from the opposite side of the piping with respect to the first position regulating portion; and
a second fitting configured to accommodate the second sensor unit and fix the second sensor unit to the piping, the second fitting including a second position regulating portion configured to come into contact with the outer peripheral surface of the piping so as to align orientation of the second ultrasonic device with respect to the first ultrasonic device in the axial direction of the piping when viewing in the radial direction of the piping, and a second housing portion configured to accommodate the second sensor unit from the opposite side of the piping with respect to the second position regulating portion,
wherein the first and second fittings further include: a pair of first and second arm portions extending from one of the first housing portion and the second housing portion to the other to regulate the relative position between the first housing portion and the second housing portion in a circumferential direction of the piping on both sides of a plane including the axial line of the piping, the first ultrasonic device, and the second ultrasonic device; and a guide portion formed at least on the arm portions and configured to guide relative positioning between the first fitting and the second fitting in the axial direction of the piping according to a diameter of the piping.

US Pat. No. 10,190,895

METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING GAS SENSOR, AND GAS SENSOR ASSEMBLY APPARATUS

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Na...

1. A method for assembling a gas sensor, the method comprising the steps of:(a) disposing an element dummy with its longitudinal direction coinciding a vertical direction, said element dummy having, a shape similar to a shape of a sensor element including ceramic as a main constituent material and having an elongated shape;
(b) fitting through holes of annular mounting parts with said element dummy from vertically above, said annular mounting parts each having a disc shape or cylindrical shape, said through holes each having a shape corresponding, to a cross-sectional shape of said sensor element;
(c) fitting a tubular body with outer peripheries of said annular mounting parts from vertically above;
(d) abuttingly disposing said sensor element on an upper end of said element dummy such that said element dummy and said sensor element arc arranged in line with each other;
(e) moving said element dummy vertically downward to move down said sensor element and fitting said through holes of said annular mounting parts with said sensor element, to thereby obtain a workpiece including said sensor element, said annular mounting parts, and said tubular body;
(f) vertically inverting a posture of said workpiece; and
(g) pressing said annular mounting parts, wherein:
in said step b, a plurality of parts including a powder compact of ceramic are fitted with said element dummy as said annular mounting parts, and
in said step (g), with a tip of said sensor element, located as a lowermost end of said workpiece after said step (f), being in contact with a sealing assist jig, said part located at an uppermost position among said annular mourning parts is pressed vertically downward to compress said powder compact, to thereby seal an inside of said tubular body, said sealing assist jig having a buffer performance against an impact exerted from vertically above.

US Pat. No. 10,190,894

TECHNOLOGIES FOR CONTROLLING DEGRADATION OF SENSING CIRCUITS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A sensor mote for performing a sensor function, the sensor mote comprising:a housing, wherein at least a portion of the housing is biodegradable;
at least one sensor located in the housing to produce sensor data indicative of a sensed stimulus;
a controller located in the housing to receive the sensor data and control operations of the sensor mote,
wherein the controller is to detect a trigger event and initiate degradation of the portion of the housing in response to detection of the trigger event; and
a communication subsystem to transmit a trigger signal to an another sensor mote in response to detection of the trigger event.

US Pat. No. 10,190,893

ENCODER

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. An encoder comprising:a scale having a plurality of pattern areas having a plurality of patterns arranged in a measurement direction with an equal predetermined pitch and including at least one pattern area disposed with an offset, in the measurement direction, from a neighboring pattern area by 1/(2×s) of the predetermined pitch (wherein “s” is an integer of 1 or greater), the plurality of patterns comprising at least first and second patterns, each of which comprises a plurality of spaced pattern elements, that are linearly arranged in the measurement direction;
a detection head configured to be relatively movable in the measurement direction with respect to the scale, and detect interference fringes caused by positive s-th-order diffracted beams and negative s-th-order diffracted beams diffracted by the scale, and output a detection result; and
a signal processor configured to detect a reference position based on a position where light intensity is lower than a predetermined value which appears in a light intensity distribution of the interference fringes, and detect incremental positions based on the interference fringes which appear at positions other than the position where light intensity is lower than the predetermined value,
wherein, the detection head includes:
a light source configured to radiate beams onto the scale;
a detecting unit, arranged in parallel with the scale, having a plurality of light receiving devices aligned along the measurement direction to obtain the light intensity distribution, and configured to output the detection result of the beams radiated onto the plurality of light receiving devices, to the signal processor; and
an optical system disposed between the scale and the detecting unit, and configured to image positive s-th-order diffracted beams and negative s-th-order diffracted beams generated when the beams are radiated onto the scale, on the detecting unit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,892

ENCODER

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. An encoder comprising:a scale having a reference mark and having an incremental pattern;
a detection head configured to be relatively movable in a measurement direction with respect to the scale, and to detect a light intensity distribution of diffracted beams, when beams radiated onto the scale are diffracted by the reference mark and to output a detection result, the detection head including a light receiver, the light receiver being positioned so as to be able to detect diffracted beams other than a zeroth-order diffracted beam of light that passed through the reference mark; and
a signal processor configured to detect a reference position based on a position in the light intensity distribution where light intensity is lower than a predetermined value,
wherein the reference mark comprises a plurality of pattern areas arranged sequentially in the measurement direction and having a plurality of patterns each having a predetermined equal pitch in the measurement direction, each of the patterns comprising spaced pattern elements with the spaces between the pattern elements being devoid of pattern elements and
at least one pattern area of the plurality of pattern areas is disposed with an offset, in the measurement direction, with respect to a neighboring pattern area.

US Pat. No. 10,190,891

OPTICAL ENCODER FOR DETECTING ROTATIONAL AND AXIAL MOVEMENT

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An optical encoder for an electronic device, the optical encoder comprising:an elongated shaft;
a crown attached to a first end of the elongated shaft;
a set of surface forms disposed on the shaft, the set of surface forms created as a byproduct of forming the shaft;
an optical sensor comprising a light emitter configured to emit light towards the set of surface forms;
a plurality of photodiodes arranged in an array and configured to receive diffusively reflected light from the set of surface forms; and
a processor operably connected to the plurality of photodiodes;
wherein:
a rotational movement of the elongated shaft changes the diffusely reflected light;
a translational movement of the elongated shaft changes the diffusely reflected light;
changes in the diffusely reflected light produce changes in an output of the plurality of photodiodes;
the processor is configured to analyze changes in the output of the plurality of photodiodes and determine a direction of rotation of the elongated shaft when the elongated shaft is rotated;
the processor is configured to analyze changes in the output of the plurality of photodiodes and determine a direction of translation of the elongated shaft when the elongated shaft is translated; and
the processor is configured to analyze changes in the output of the plurality of photodiodes and determine the direction of rotation and the direction of translation when the elongated shaft is rotated and translated.

US Pat. No. 10,190,890

CAPACITANCE-TO-VOLTAGE CONVERSION CIRCUIT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A capacitance-to-voltage conversion circuit comprising:a variable capacitance element having a capacitance value that depends on a physical quantity applied to the variable capacitance element;
an integration circuit that outputs a voltage by integrating electric charges generated by the variable capacitance element;
a first sample and hold circuit that samples and holds the voltage output from the integration circuit; and
a second sample and hold circuit that simultaneously samples and holds the voltage in synchronism with the first sample and hold circuit during at least an initial sampling period of the first sample and hold circuit,
wherein the second sample and hold circuit further samples the voltage at a rear-end period in a subsequent sampling period of the first sample and hold circuit after the initial sampling period.

US Pat. No. 10,190,888

SURGICAL STAPLING INSTRUMENTS WITH LINEAR POSITION ASSEMBLY

Covidien LP, Mansfield, ...

1. A surgical stapling instrument, comprising:an elongate body having a proximal end and a distal end, the elongate body including a longitudinally translatable central shaft;
a cartridge assembly coupled to the distal end of the elongate body and defining a longitudinal axis, the cartridge assembly including a staple cartridge;
an anvil assembly selectively connectable to a distal end of the central shaft; and
a linear position assembly including:
a pair of opposing magnets mounted to the central shaft, wherein each magnet generates a magnetic field, the pair of opposing magnets each having a north pole and a south pole and being oriented such that the north poles of the pair of opposing magnets are adjacent one another or the south poles of the pair of opposing magnets are adjacent one another; and
a plurality of sensors fixed within the cartridge assembly and configured to sense a change in the magnetic fields upon a longitudinal movement of the pair of opposing magnets in response to an actuation of the central shaft to determine a linear position of the anvil assembly along the longitudinal axis relative to the staple cartridge.

US Pat. No. 10,190,887

MOBILE ELECTRONIC DEVICE, INFORMATION PROVISION METHOD, INFORMATION PROVISION CODE, AND INFORMATION PROVISION SYSTEM

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A mobile electronic device comprising:a storage configured to store a plurality of items of information including a first item of information and a second item of information;
a display configured to display the first item of information and the second item of information; and
a controller configured to
cause the display to display a screen,
in response to that a movement state of the mobile electronic device is determined to be a first movement state,
cause the display to maintain displaying the screen and to start displaying an item based on the first item of information in accordance with the first movement state among the plurality of items of information at a first position on the screen, and
in response to that a movement state of the mobile electronic device is determined to be a second movement state,
cause the display to maintain displaying the screen and to start displaying, instead of the item based on the first item of information, an item based on the second item of information in accordance with the second movement state among the plurality of items of information at the first position on the screen.

US Pat. No. 10,190,886

NETWORK SYSTEM TO DETERMINE A ROUTE BASED ON TIMING DATA

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A network system comprising:one or more processors; and
one or more memory resources storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the network system to:
receive, over one or more networks from a user device of a user, a first set of data corresponding to a query related to a service and including data regarding a service location;
in response to receiving the first set of data, access a database to identify available items for selection by the user in association with the service, the available items being provided by a plurality of entities, each of the plurality of entities providing different sets of available items;
receive, over the one or more networks from the user device, a second set of data corresponding to a request for service and that identifies a set of items selected by the user from the available items, the set of items being provided by two or more selected entities of the plurality of entities;
in response to receiving the second set of data, select a service provider from a plurality of service providers to provide the service; and
determine a route of navigation for the service provider based at least in part on a current location of the service provider, mapping information accessed from a map database, and respective timing information associated with each item of the set of selected items.

US Pat. No. 10,190,885

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING SERVICE USING A SENSOR AND IMAGE RECOGNITION IN A PORTABLE TERMINAL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a camera;
a display;
a storage storing instructions; and
a processor configured to execute the instructions to at least:
obtain real-time images from the camera,
identify an object within the obtained real-time images,
display an augmented reality (AR) graphical object related to the identified object on the display while obtaining the real-time images,
based on an input corresponding to a capture event, generate a first image by combining the AR graphical object and one of the obtained real-time images only while displaying the AR graphical object on the display,
store the generated first image in the storage, and
display the generated first image stored in the storage on the display in response to executing an application related to the generated first image including the AR graphical object.

US Pat. No. 10,190,884

NAVIGATION SYSTEM, POI PRESENTATION METHOD, POI PRESENTATION PROGRAM, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

Toyota Mapmaster Incorpor...

1. A navigation system comprising:a search unit configured to search for a route to a destination;
an acquisition unit configured to acquire a current position of a vehicle;
a storage unit configured to store map information including information on a plurality of POIs;
a collection unit configured to collect one or more types of popularity information for specifying a popularity level indicating a level of popularity of each POI;
a calculation unit configured to calculate the popularity level of each POI on the basis of the popularity information collected by the collection unit;
a specification unit configured to specify the POI having high popularity levels which are located within a predetermined distance from the route searched for by the search unit; and
a presentation unit configured to present one POI specified by the specification unit before traveling near the corresponding POI,
wherein the calculation unit calculates the popularity level on the basis of a deviation value which is calculated on the basis of the one or more types of popularity information and popularity information on other POIs included within a first predetermined range from the corresponding POI,
the calculation unit extends the first predetermined range to include a predetermined number of other POIs and calculates the deviation value when the predetermined number or more of other POIs are not present within the first predetermined range;
the collection unit collects distance information to a road of the corresponding POI as one piece of the one or more types of popularity information,
the calculation unit calculates the popularity level additionally on the basis of the distance information; and
the calculation unit calculates the popularity level on the basis of a probability value which is set such that the popularity level decreases as a distance to the road of the corresponding POI increases and the popularity level increases as the distance decreases.

US Pat. No. 10,190,883

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SUPPORTING A DRIVER OF A VEHICLE

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for supporting a driver of a vehicle, comprising:guiding the driver with a navigation device of the vehicle from a starting point to a destination via a defined driving route;
automatically detecting with the navigation device whether the vehicle has deviated from the defined driving route;
when it is detected that the vehicle has deviated from the defined driving route, determining with the navigation device whether an amount of propulsion energy stored in an energy storage device of the vehicle is sufficient to still reach at least one energy refilling station;
when an energy refilling station can no longer be reached by the vehicle, automatically establishing a phone connection with a vehicle-external help center with a phone device of the vehicle, prior to the vehicle becoming stranded, or
when an energy refilling station can no longer be reached by the vehicle, automatically displaying to the driver with a display device of the vehicle prior to the vehicle becoming stranded, a signal that the driver should establish a phone connection with a vehicle-external help center;
when a phone connection with the vehicle-external help center is established, transmitting vehicle data with a data transmitting device of the vehicle to the vehicle-external help center,
wherein the vehicle data include at least one member selected from the group consisting of data regarding the actual position of the vehicle, data regarding the average propulsion energy consumption of the vehicle, data regarding an amount of propulsion energy stored in the energy storage device of the vehicle, and data regarding an actual energy consumption of the vehicle; and
in response to transmission of data regarding the actual energy consumption of the vehicle to the vehicle-external help center, controlling by the vehicle-external help center with a control device at least one energy setting device of the vehicle with which an energy consumption of the vehicle can be set and/or changed.

US Pat. No. 10,190,877

LEVEL APPARATUS

1. An electronic level mechanism comprising:a device housing;
at least one printed circuit board;
an inhibitor housing;
an inhibitor comprising:
a triangular portion, wherein the triangular portion comprises an attachment aperture;
at least two arms, wherein each individual of the at least two arms comprises a ninety degree aperture;
wherein a first of the at least two arms extends vertically on a first side of the inhibitor and wherein a second of the at least two arms extends vertically on a second side of the inhibitor;
a substantially rectangular body comprising at least two forty five degree apertures;
a base comprising a rectangular protrusion and a aperture for horizontal leveling;
an emitter comprising at least one optocoupler and a transmitter for transmitting at least one beam;
a receiver comprising at least one optocoupler;
wherein the inhibitor housing, emitter and receiver are located inside the device housing;
a power switch;
a match switch;
a power LED;
a match LED;
an LED located on the device housing;
at least one printed circuit board (“PCB”) comprising a first amplifier and a second amplifier;
wherein actuation of the power switch allows power to flow through the main PCB and to return to first PCB conditioned and allows the LED to be activated and that indicate system ready for use and provide a match condition at a set of angles; and
wherein subsequent actuation of the match switch allows power to flow to the first amplifier and the second amplifier for comparison of the output from the receiver to see when the inhibitor has passed infrared (“IR”) energy to the receiver or when IR energy reaches the receiver and exceeds a threshold of the second amplifier, the second amplifier's output activates the Match LED as the level mechanism is oriented at different levels on a work piece and the emitter passes the at least one beam through the appropriate opening in the inhibitor when the predetermined selected position is achieved.

US Pat. No. 10,190,876

LEVEL INDICATOR FOR SKID STEER ATTACHMENT

Great Plains Manufacturin...

1. A skid steer assembly for a skid steer, said skid steer assembly comprising:a scarifier attachment including—
a frame,
a skid shoe assembly positioned on a bottom of said frame, wherein said skid shoe assembly comprises a central portion, a rear portion extending rearward from the central portion, and a forward portion extending forward from the central portion,
one or more ground-engaging elements configured to extend from the bottom of the frame and into the ground; and
a depth indicator for indicating a depth of said ground-engaging elements of said tiller attachment below the ground level, wherein said depth indicator includes—
a cylindrically-shaped reference component displaying a plurality of references, wherein each of said references is associated with a particular depth below the ground level of said ground-engaging elements of said scarifier attachment;
an elongated securement component for supporting said reference component with respect to the scarifier attachment, wherein said securement component comprises a first end and a second end, wherein said first end of said securement component is configured to be secured to the scarifier attachment, and wherein said second end of said securement component is configured to be spaced above the scarifier attachment and is secured to said reference component, wherein said second end of said securement component is circularly-shaped with a diameter that matches a diameter of said reference component; and
an indicator mechanism rotatably connected to said securement component adjacent said second end of said securement component, wherein said indicator mechanism is configured to highlight one of said references of said reference component based on depth below the ground level of said ground-engaging elements of said scarifier attachment.

US Pat. No. 10,190,869

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE AND INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An information processing device, comprising:a processor configured to:
collect information indicating a plurality of visual target positions from a plurality of viewpoints, wherein the plurality of viewpoints are in a space;
evaluate a plurality of positions in the space based on density of the plurality of visual target positions;
control an image sensor to obtain image data, wherein the image sensor obtains the image data based on an imaging operation on an inside of the space;
acquire the image data from the image sensor;
edit the image data based on the evaluated plurality of positions in the space; and
generate, based on the edited image data, free-viewpoint image data to provide a free viewpoint image.

US Pat. No. 10,190,866

FABRY-PEROT CAVITY, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, INTERFEROMETER AND MEASURING METHOD FOR WAVELENGTH OF LIGHT

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A Fabry-Perot cavity, comprising:two parallel substrates and a liquid crystal layer between the two parallel substrates, and a sealed cavity is defined between the two substrates;
wherein the two substrates comprise a first substrate and a second substrate, light operably enters through the first substrate and runs out from the second substrate via the liquid crystal layer, and a deflection angle of the liquid crystal layer is operably changed by applying various voltage between the two substrates,
wherein each substrate comprises a transparent substrate and a metal layer provided on the transparent substrate; the metal layers of the two substrates are disposed facing with each other; at least one end of the transparent substrate of the first substrate is not covered by the metal layer so as to define a transparent incidence opening.

US Pat. No. 10,190,864

MULTIPOINT-MEASUREMENT STRAIN SENSOR AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

NISSHA CO., LTD., Kyoto ...

1. A multipoint-measurement strain sensor comprising:a substrate film;
a plurality of strain-sensing parts formed on a first main surface of the substrate film;
routing circuits formed, in correspondence with the respective strain-sensing parts, on a second main surface of the substrate film, and having outer connection terminals near an outer edge of the substrate film;
a conductive paste to fill via holes such that each of the strain-sensing parts is connected to the corresponding routing circuit; and
leads to be mounted on the outer connection terminals of the routing circuits.

US Pat. No. 10,190,862

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR HIGH PRECISION CABLE LENGTH MEASUREMENT IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Marvell World Trade Ltd.,...

1. A method for cable length measurement in a communication system, the method comprising:transmitting, at a transmitter, a plurality of data symbols at a first data rate via a wired data communication link;
in response to the transmitting, receiving, at a receiver, a reflection signal from the wired data communication link;
obtaining, at a signal sampler, a phase shift number of shifting sampling phases for sampling the received reflection signal;
sampling, at the sampler, the received reflection signal based on the phase shift number of shifting sampling phases to generate reflection samples, each reflection sample corresponding to a sampled value of the received reflection signal shifted by a sampling phase from the phase shift number of shifting sampling phases;
combining the reflection samples with different sampling phases to generate a phase shift number of reflection samples corresponding to a second data rate higher than the first data rate;
for each data symbol of the plurality of data symbols, generating a phase shift number of data symbols with different shifted phases corresponding to the phase shift number of shifting sampling phases, and
for each respective data symbol of the phase shift number of data symbols, subtracting the respective data symbol from a respective reflection sample of the phase shift number of reflection samples, respectively, to obtain a plurality of reflection response samples at the second data rate;
determining, at a cable length calculation unit, a delay parameter indicative of a transmission time for a signal to transmit from the transmitter to an end of the wired data communication link based on values of the plurality of reflection response samples of reflection response samples; and
generating, at the cable length calculation unit, an estimate of a length of the data communication link based at least in part on the determined delay parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,190,860

CAMSHAFT SIDEWALL MEASURING DEVICES AND METHODS THEREOF

Adcole Corporation, Marl...

1. A measuring device comprising:a rotatable stage configured to receive and rotate an object along a rotational axis of the object;
a housing located adjacent to the rotatable stage and movable in a direction parallel to the rotational axis of the object, the housing having a pivoting arm located between a pair of opposing compression springs, the compression springs configured to provide a preload force in either direction parallel to the rotational axis of the object;
a probe tip coupled to the pivoting arm and extending from the housing, the probe tip configured to contact a portion of the object; and
a displacement measuring device coupled to the pivoting arm, the displacement measuring device configured to measure displacement of the probe tip in the direction parallel to the rotational axis of the object based on movement of the pivoting arm against one of the opposing compression springs.

US Pat. No. 10,190,839

FIREARM BARREL ALIGNMENT GUIDE

6. A firearm barrel alignment guide assembly, comprising:a firearm adapter configured to temporarily attach to a firearm;
a barrel alignment guide attached to the firearm adapter, the barrel alignment guide having:
a proximal end, a distal end, and a body extending therebetween;
a projectile aperture aligned with a longitudinal axis of the body;
the body including a funnel, the funnel having a proximal end with a lateral extent greater than an outer diameter of a muzzle end of a firearm barrel and an inner surface that is tapered in a distal direction, such that the funnel directs the firearm barrel into axial alignment with the projectile aperture when a force brings the funnel and the firearm barrel into contact with each other;
a distal end of the funnel having an inner diameter less than the outer diameter of the muzzle end of the firearm barrel and the distal end of the funnel terminating proximate the projectile aperture;
whereby the inner surface of the funnel is in direct contact with the muzzle end of the firearm barrel and the muzzle end of the firearm barrel extends distally beyond the proximal end of the funnel when the firearm adapter is attached to the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,190,838

GUN SAFETY DEVICE

1. A device for controlling access to a firearm having a barrel with one or more features located proximal to a muzzle of the firearm, the device comprising:a lock housing with a base component coupled to a receptacle component, wherein the receptacle component includes a cavity configured for insertion therein of at least a portion of the barrel;
a key structure coupled to the base component of the lock housing, wherein the key structure is arranged to receive a key;
a lock mechanism coupled to the key structure and arranged for actuation by the key;
a lock mechanism shaft coupled to the lock mechanism and configured for rotational movement upon actuation of the lock mechanism;
a cam having a distal end and a proximal end, wherein the distal end of the cam is in contact with the lock mechanism shaft such that rotational movement of the lock mechanism shaft causes axial movement of the cam;
a bidirectional rotatable shaft coupled to the proximal end of the cam and arranged for insertion into the barrel;
a plurality of extended arms coupled to a perimeter of the cam and arranged for pivotal and radial movement to secure at least a portion of the barrel in the cavity of the lock housing; and
a plurality of tabs arranged on the plurality of extended arms for engagement with an exterior surface of the barrel to retain the muzzle within the lock housing,
wherein the plurality of tabs includes one or more top tabs arranged to secure any blade-like front sight, front sight base, foundation or bead of the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,190,830

THERMAL MODULE ASSEMBLING STRUCTURE

ASIA VITAL COMPONENTS CO....

1. A thermal module assembling structure comprising:a base seat formed with a channel and at least one hole, the channel being recessed and formed on one side of the base seat and having an inner lateral wall dislodged by the at least one hole towards a centerline of the channel, the inner lateral wall ending at the one side in at least one projecting claw section, and the inner lateral wall further having at least one protrusion section between the at least one projecting claw section and the at least one hole in the lateral direction of the channel, the at least one hole being recessed and formed on the one side of the base seat in adjacency to the channel and corresponding to the at least one protrusion section and the at least one projecting claw section formed on the lateral inner wall of the channel; and
a heat pipe, one end of the heat pipe being received in the channel, the heat pipe having at least one insertion recess dislodged by the at least one protrusion section and formed on an outer side of the one end of the heat pipe, the at least one protrusion section being integrally fitted and inserted in the at least one insertion recess such that one side of the one end of the heat pipe is received in and attached to the channel and such that an other side is flush with the one side of the base seat.

US Pat. No. 10,190,825

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING TEMPERATURE OF A METAL MELT IN AN ELECTRIC ARC FURNACE

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A method for determining a tapping time for a metal melt in an electric arc furnace (EAF), wherein at least one electrode is provided for melting the metal melt until it reaches a target tapping temperature, wherein the EAF further comprises a slag and smoke layer on a surface of the metal melt, wherein an electromagnetic stirrer is provided for stirring the metal melt, the method comprising:a) supplying a power to the electrode in order to melt a scrap to the metal melt,
b) stirring the metal melt in the EAF using the electromagnetic stirrer,
c) arranging a lance unit dedicatedly configured to include an inert gas,
d) blowing away the slag and smoke from the surface of the metal melt using the inert gas from the dedicatedly arranged lance unit,
e) non-contactingly measuring a temperature of the metal melt,
f) receiving the measured temperature,
g) calculating a temperature profile based on the measured temperature using a temperature control unit,
h) estimating a tapping temperature at a first time point based on the calculated temperature profile using the temperature control unit, and
i) determining the tapping time based on the estimated tapping temperature at the first time point, the target tapping temperature, and the power supplied to the electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,190,810

MINIATURIZED MOTOR ASSEMBLY

20. A motor assembly comprising:a motor comprising a rotatable shaft;
a gear train assembly coupled to the rotatable shaft of the motor and comprising an output shaft, the gear train assembly comprising:
a plurality of gears that are rotatably connected to each other and each gear is arranged at an angle relative to each other so that, at a view looking towards the plurality of gears in an axial direction of gear rotation, a line connecting a center of each gear is curved, thereby reducing a width of the motor assembly as opposed to the plurality of gears all being aligned in a straight line, wherein an output stage gear that includes the output shaft is positioned in front of the motor in the axial direction of rotation, thereby reducing a height of the motor assembly as opposed to the output stage gear not being positioned in front of the motor; and
a control board connected to the motor to control the motor to power the gear train assembly, thereby rotating the output shaft into a plurality of positions.

US Pat. No. 10,190,807

EXPANSION VALVE

TGK CO., LTD., Tokyo (JP...

11. An expansion valve for use in a refrigeration cycle, for throttling and expanding a refrigerant flowing from an upstream side and supplying the expanded refrigerant to an evaporator, the expansion valve comprising:a body having an inlet port through which the refrigerant is introduced from the upstream side, an outlet port through which the refrigerant is delivered to a downstream side, a valve hole through which the inlet port and the outlet port communicate with each other, an insertion hole formed coaxially with the valve hole, and a downstream-side passage intersecting at right angle with the valve hole and the insertion hole and through which the valve hole and the outlet port communicate with each other;
a valve element configured to move toward and away from the valve hole to close and open a valve section;
a drive unit provided on the body and configured to generate a drive force for opening or closing the valve section;
a shaft slidably extending through the insertion hole, having a first end connected to the drive unit and a second end connected to the valve element through the downstream-side passage and the valve hole, and being configured to transmit the drive force of the drive unit to the valve element; and
a wall member provided in the downstream-side passage,
wherein the downstream-side passage includes a small-diameter part to which the valve hole and the insertion hole are open, and a large-diameter part to which a pipe leading to the evaporator is connected,
wherein the wall member has a shield part partially covering a downstream end of the small-diameter part, the shield part having a height of 2 mm or larger in a radial direction of the small-diameter part from a projected position of an opening of the insertion hole at the downstream end of the small-diameter part and a width equal to or larger than a radius of the shaft,
wherein the shield part of the wall member does not cover at least a range of projection of an opening of the valve hole at the downstream end of the small-diameter part,
wherein the wall member is a plate member, and
wherein the plate member has an undulating surface over at least a portion of the periphery thereof, the undulating surface having a plurality of crest portions which contact the large-diameter part and a plurality of recessed portions spaced inwardly from the crest portions.

US Pat. No. 10,190,804

SOLAR MODULE POSITIONING SYSTEM

1. A positioning system, comprising:a support subsystem having a first mechanism for controlling rotational adjustments about a first axis and a second mechanism for controlling rotational adjustments about a second axis;
a sensor subsystem comprised of at least three pairs of infrared sensors similarly oriented;
a drive mechanism for driving the first mechanism in first and second directions that are opposite to each other;
wherein the drive mechanism is configured to drive the second mechanism in first and second directions that are opposite to each other;
a comparator coupled to the sensor subsystem and an integrated circuit; and
the integrated circuit coupled to a pulse width modulator to process data received from the sensor subsystem through the comparator and to generate at least one signal that is sent to at least one of the first and second mechanisms.

US Pat. No. 10,190,802

SOLAR HEATING APPARATUS

King Saud University, Ri...

1. A solar heating apparatus, comprising:at least one optical element;
a drive assembly configured for selectively moving the at least one optical element along multiple axes of rotation, the drive assembly having an elevation shaft and an azimuth rotation shaft;
a support frame positioned in communicating relation with the drive assembly, the support frame having:
a main shaft having a first extension member, a second extension member, an a pin extending between the first extension member and the second extension member;
a wheel positioned on the pin;
at least one branch holder rotatably attached to the main shaft, the at least one optical element being mounted on the at least one branch holder; and
at least one belt drive configured for rotating the at least one branch holder, the at least one belt drive being rotated by the elevation shaft; and
an azimuth motion circular plate, the main shaft of the support frame being mounted on the azimuth motion circular plate for rotation therewith;
an azimuth tracking motor driving rotation of the azimuth rotation shaft;
a rotation motion gear mounted on the azimuth rotation shaft;
a rotation motion worm gear driven by the rotation motion motor, the worm gear driving the rotation motion gear to rotate the azimuth rotation shaft; and
an attachment member having one end pivotally connected to the elevation shaft and an opposing end pivotally connected to the wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,776

FUEL INJECTOR SYSTEM

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

14. A fuel injector system having:a fuel feed arm which, in use, extends inwardly from an outer casing of combustion equipment of a gas turbine engine to a flame tube of the combustion equipment, the fuel feed arm ending in an injection nozzle which penetrates a head of the flame tube to deliver fuel into the flame tube;
a swirler which, in use, is arranged coaxially with the injection nozzle at the head of the flame tube, the swirler having one or more air swirler circuits which produce respective flows of swirling air around the fuel delivered by the nozzle; and
a seal ring which seals the injection nozzle to the swirler, the injection nozzle being removably inserted into the seal ring for sealing engagement therewith,
wherein the seal ring has a flange portion, and the swirler has a pair of spaced retention grooves at a front face thereof, opposite edges of the flange portion slidingly locating in the grooves such that the flange portion sealingly engages to the front face,
wherein the swirler has a spring mechanism which retains the flange portion in the grooves,
wherein the grooves are formed by respective lipped rails at the front face of the swirler, the lipped rails being attached to the swirler, the grooves defined between the respective lipped rails and the front face of the swirler, and
wherein the lipped rails are substantially parallel to a radial direction of the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,190,754

OPTICAL ATTACHMENT FEATURES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE-BASED LIGHTING SYSTEM

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A light-emitting diode (LED) lighting system, comprising:an enclosure comprising an enclosure wall forming a cavity and an enclosure collar having a first profile, wherein the first profile of the enclosure collar and the enclosure wall have a recess disposed therebetween;
a trim comprising a trim collar that directly abuts to the enclosure collar, wherein the trim collar has a second profile;
a reflector comprising an outer surface, an inner surface comprising a reflective material, and a reflector collar having a first optical attachment mechanism; and
a diffuser comprising a diffuser collar, wherein the diffuser collar comprises a second optical attachment mechanism and a third optical attachment mechanism, wherein the second optical attachment mechanism couples to the first optical attachment mechanism, wherein the third optical attachment mechanism comprises a protrusion, and wherein the protrusion is disposed within the recess formed by the enclosure wall, the first profile of the enclosure collar, and the second profile of the trim collar when the enclosure collar is mechanically coupled to the trim collar.

US Pat. No. 10,190,747

OPTIC FOR PROVIDING BIASED ILLUMINATION

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A system comprising:an optic comprising:
a front and a rear;
a cavity that comprises:
an opening disposed at the rear;
a bottom; and
a sidewall that extends between the opening and the bottom and that circumscribes an axis, the cavity configured to receive light emitted by at least one light emitting diode disposed adjacent the opening;
a convex refractive surface disposed at the bottom of the cavity and configured for condensing a first portion of the received light that transmits in the cavity along the axis; and
a surface that circumscribes the cavity and is configured for totally internally reflecting a second portion of the received light that passes through the sidewall of the cavity, the surface comprising:
a first surface region extending circumferentially partially about the cavity and extending between the front and the rear; and
a second surface region extending circumferentially partially about the cavity and extending between the front and the rear,
wherein the first surface region and the second surface region meet one another at two circumferential positions with two discontinuities,
wherein the front comprises a second surface positioned for passing the first portion of the received light that is condensed and the second portion of the received light that is totally internally reflected,
wherein as compared to the second surface region, the first surface region is radially closer to the axis at the front of the optic, and
wherein as compared to the first surface region, the second surface region is radially closer to the axis at the rear of the optic.

US Pat. No. 10,190,718

ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY, PUMP SYSTEM HAVING ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY, AND METHOD

BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPAN...

1. An accumulator assembly for a pump system at a well site, the accumulator assembly arranged to fluidically connect to a flow line between a blender and a fracturing pump of the pump system, the accumulator assembly comprising:a pressurizable tank configured to contain pressurized fluid; and,
a control valve fluidically connected between a discharge end of the tank and the flow line;
an accumulator assembly pump fluidically connected to the tank, the accumulator assembly pump arranged at a discharge end of the tank, and disposed between the tank and the control valve;
wherein the control valve opens and fluidically connects the tank to the flow line when a pressure on the flow line is less than a target pressure, and the control valve closes and fluidically blocks communication between the tank and the flow line when the pressure on the flow line is greater than or substantially the same as the target pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,190,696

VALVE RETAINING CUP

GOODRICH CORPORATION, Ch...

1. A valve comprising:a valve housing;
a casing disposed within the valve housing, the casing comprising a bore;
a spring guide disposed within the bore; and
a retaining cup disposed partially around the casing to engage and retain the spring guide at least partially within the bore of the casing;
wherein:
the valve is a shuttle valve comprising two inlets and an outlet;
the shuttle valve comprises a blocking ball retained in the casing configured to switchably block one of the two inlets;
the spring guide comprises a head, a spring, and a ball engagement element;
the head engages the retaining cup, the spring is retained between the head and the ball engagement element, and the ball engagement element engages the blocking ball.

US Pat. No. 10,190,685

PARK CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE TRANSMISSION

1. A vehicle comprising:a prime mover in communication with an input shaft of a transmission;
an output shaft of the transmission in communication with a final drive and drive wheels;
a park actuator system internal to a housing of the transmission; and
a park control system mounted to an external surface of the housing of the transmission with a pivot shaft extending through the housing that connects to the park actuator system to selectively place the park actuator system in one of a park configuration and an out of park configuration, wherein the park control system comprises a pair of separate and independently operable park inhibit solenoids that are operable to hold the park control system in an out of park configuration, wherein the park control system further comprises a lever pivotally mounted on the pivot shaft, wherein the park control system further comprises a position sensor mounted on the pivot shaft that outputs a signal indicating when the lever is in the out of park configuration, and wherein the park inhibit solenoids are responsive to the signal from the position sensor indicating an out of park configuration for the lever to energize and hold their corresponding solenoid shafts in an extended position.

US Pat. No. 10,190,673

ACTIVE OIL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR AXLES

Dana Heavy Vehicle System...

1. An apparatus for regulating lubricant, comprising:a carrier housing having a lubricant sump;
a ring gear disposed within said carrier housing, wherein said ring gear is partially disposed in said lubricant sump;
a lubricant catch disposed in said carrier housing;
a reservoir formed separate and apart from said carrier housing;
a first conduit disposed between said lubricant catch and said reservoir;
a second conduit disposed between said reservoir and said lubricant sump; and
a first valve in fluid communication with said reservoir and said lubricant sump, wherein said first valve is at least partially disposed in said reservoir separate and apart from said carrier housing and said lubricant sump.

US Pat. No. 10,190,671

VEHICLE DRIVE DEVICE

AISIN AW CO., LTD., Anjo...

1. A vehicle drive device comprising:a mechanical oil pump that is driven by a driving force source for a wheel;
an auxiliary oil pressure source;
a driving force transmission mechanism that transmits a driving force between the driving force source and the wheel; and
a case that accommodates at least the driving force transmission mechanism, wherein
the mechanical oil pump includes a mechanical pump rotor and a mechanical pump housing forming a pump chamber that accommodates the mechanical pump rotor,
the auxiliary oil pressure source includes an auxiliary oil pressure generation mechanism that generates an auxiliary oil pressure, and an auxiliary oil pressure source housing that accommodates the auxiliary oil pressure generation mechanism,
the mechanical pump housing is attached to a wall in the case, and
the auxiliary oil pressure source housing is attached to the mechanical pump housing, wherein
the mechanical pump housing includes a first attachment surface that faces an axial first direction side or one side in an axial direction of a mechanical pump axis as a rotation axis of the mechanical pump rotor, and a second attachment surface that faces an axial second direction side in an opposite direction to the axial first direction, and
the mechanical pump housing is attached to the case such that the first attachment surface contacts the wall, and the auxiliary oil pressure source housing is attached to the mechanical pump housing such that the auxiliary oil pressure source housing contacts the second attachment surface.

US Pat. No. 10,190,667

POWER TRANSMISSION INTERRUPTING DEVICE AND LIMITED-SLIP DIFFERENTIAL

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A power transmission interrupting device configured to interrupt power transmission between a first rotating member and a second rotating member that are rotatable relative to each other on the same rotational axis, the power transmission interrupting device comprising:an interrupting member including engaging teeth that selectively engage with the second rotating member, and is movable in an axial direction between a coupling position at which the engaging teeth engage with the second rotating member and an uncoupling position at which the engaging teeth do not engage with the second rotating member; and
a moving mechanism that moves the interrupting member in the axial direction, wherein:
the moving mechanism includes an annular electromagnet including a coil winding that generates magnetic flux when current is applied thereto; a yoke constituting part of a magnetic path of the magnetic flux; a moving member, formed by a soft magnetic body, that constitutes the magnetic path of the magnetic flux with the yoke and moves in the axial direction; and a coupling member that couples the moving member with the interrupting member;
the moving member has a cylindrical part facing an inner circumferential surface or an outer circumferential surface of the electromagnet, and an annular cover extending from one end of the cylindrical part in a radial direction and covering one of axial end faces of the electromagnet;
the coupling member is connected between the moving member and the interrupting member; and
when current is applied to the coil winding, the interrupting member moves in the axial direction by the coupling member as the moving member moves so that an interval between the annular cover and the one axial end face of the electromagnet changes.

US Pat. No. 10,190,664

TRANSMISSION DRIVE UNIT OF A SEAT ADJUSTING DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A transmission drive unit (1) of a seat adjusting device comprising:an electrical drive motor (2),
a spindle drive (3) comprising a spindle (30) which is configured to be driven by the drive
motor (2) and a nut (31) which is connected to a first seat component,
a housing (4), wherein the housing (4) is produced from a plastic material, the housing (4) including a first interface (5) configured to be attached to a second seat component, wherein the first interface (5) includes a through-hole extending through the plastic housing (4) and configured to receive a hinge pin, and the housing (4) further includes a first bearing surface (7) bearing the spindle (30) of the spindle drive (3), and
a metallic reinforcing element (13) arranged on an outer face of the housing (4) and extending partially around the first interface (5).

US Pat. No. 10,190,663

LINEAR GEAR SHIFT MECHANISM

MOTIVE POWER INDUSTRY CO....

1. A linear gear shift mechanism, comprising:a support rotator;
a plurality of transmission balls spaced apart from each other and movably disposed on an outer circumferential surface of the support rotator, with a cylindrical recess disposed on each said transmission ball along a radial direction thereof;
a plurality of driving posts with inward ends movably disposed in the cylindrical recesses along a radial direction of the support rotator;
a gear shift unit movably connected to outward ends of the driving posts and adapted to drive the driving posts to rotate from the radial direction of the support rotator to but not reach an axial direction of the support rotator;
an axial power input rotator having an inward-tilted power input annular surface; and
an axial power output rotator having an inward-tilted power output annular surface, wherein the axial power input rotator and the axial power output rotator are disposed on two opposite sides of the transmission balls to movably clamp the transmission balls between the inward-tilted power input annular surface, the inward-tilted power output annular surface and the outer circumferential surface of the support rotator;
wherein the gear shift unit has a driving ring pivotally connected to the outward ends of the driving posts and capable of undergoing translation in the axial direction of the support rotator.

US Pat. No. 10,190,662

VARIATOR FOR WORK VEHICLE DRIVETRAIN

1. A work vehicle drivetrain, comprising:an engine;
an auxiliary power takeoff (PTO) shaft coupled to the engine and rotatable about a primary power path axis when driven by the engine to drive a shaft-powered implement coupled to the work vehicle; and
a variator assembly, comprising:
a variator motor;
a variator gearbox containing a planetary gear system coupled to the variator motor and to the auxiliary PTO shaft, the planetary gear system being rotatable about a planetary axis coaxial with the primary power path axis of the auxiliary PTO shaft; and
a variator input shaft through which the engine is mechanically coupled to the planetary gear system;
wherein the planetary gear system comprises a first sun gear rotationally fixed to the variator input shaft and a second sun gear adjacent the first sun gear and providing a mechanical output of the variator gearbox.

US Pat. No. 10,190,661

TRANSMISSION FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A transmission for vehicles comprising:a first input shaft and a second input shaft configured to selectively receive power of a drive source via a first clutch and a second clutch;
a first output shaft and a second output shaft arranged parallel to the first input shaft and the second input shaft;
a shift device including a plurality of gear pairs tooth-engaged With the first input shaft and the second input shaft and with the first output shaft and the second output shaft, the gear pairs having different gear ratios, one gear pair conforming to a running speed being selected by a synchronizer to shift and output the power of the drive source; and
a reverse idler gear provided at a reverse idler shaft, the reverse idler gear being tooth-engaged with an input gear provided at the first input shaft or the second input shaft and tooth-engaged with an output gear provided at the first output shaft or the second output shaft, the reverse idler gear being selected by a reverse synchronizer to transmit power provided from the input gear to the output gear,
wherein the gear-pairs for formation of a first stage, a third stage, and a seventh stage are tooth-engaged with the first input shaft and the first output shaft;
wherein the gear pairs for formation of a fifth stage and a ninth stage are tooth-engaged with the first input shaft and the second output shaft;
wherein the gear-pairs for formation of a second stage, a fourth stage, and an eighth stage are tooth-engaged with the second input shaft and the first output shaft;
wherein the gear pairs for formation of a sixth stage and a tenth stage are tooth-engaged with the second input shaft and the second output shaft;
wherein the gear pair for formation of the seventh stage and the gear pair for formation of the ninth stage share a first input gear; and
wherein the gear pair for formation of the eighth stage and the gear pair for formation of the tenth stage share a second input gear.

US Pat. No. 10,190,660

REVERSIBLE ROTATION GEARBOX AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

1. A gearbox comprising:a first gear assembly having a first input gear selectively coupled to an input shaft and the first gear assembly also coupled to a connecting shaft, wherein the first gear assembly is configured to engage and provide a first rotational input to the connecting shaft in response to the input shaft rotating in a first direction wherein a first clutch is configured to disengage a force transmitted from the first gear assembly to a planetary gear assembly in response to the input shaft rotating in a second direction in which the second direction is rotationally opposite from the first direction;
a second gear assembly having a second input gear coupled to the input shaft, wherein the second input gear is configured to provide a second rotational input in response to the input shaft rotating in the first direction and to provide a third rotational input in response to the input shaft rotating in the second direction, in which the second rotational input and the third rotational input are rotationally opposite; and
the planetary gear assembly including a planet gear carrier, a plurality of planet gears and a ring gear assembly, wherein the planet gear carrier is coupled to the plurality of planet gears and to an output shaft, wherein the connecting shaft couples the first gear assembly to the plurality of planet gears and wherein the ring gear assembly couples the second input gear to the plurality of planet gears via the ring gear assembly, in which when the input shaft rotates in the first direction, the first rotational input from the first gear assembly and the second rotational input from the second gear assembly are combined to provide a first rotational output at the output shaft and when the input shaft rotates in the second direction, the first gear assembly is disengaged and the ring gear assembly is configured to provide the third rotational input in order to provide a second rotational output at the output shaft, the first and second rotational outputs being rotationally opposite.

US Pat. No. 10,190,659

BICYCLE CHAIN

Shimano Inc., Sakai-shi,...

12. A bicycle chain that is configured to engage or disengage with a larger sprocket and a smaller sprocket on a bicycle, the bicycle having a bicycle frame, the bicycle chain comprising:a plurality of inner links and outer links alternately linked together;
each outer link including a pair of outer link plates including a first outer link plate and a second outer link plate, the second outer link plate having an outer perimeter, an interior surface configured to face the first outer link plate in an assembled state of the bicycle chain, and an exterior surface opposite to the interior surface, the second outer link plate comprising:
a first end portion including a first opening having a first center axis;
a second end portion including a second opening having a second center axis parallel to the first center axis; and
an intermediate portion interconnecting the first end portion and the second end portion, the intermediate portion comprising a pair of intermediate edges formed along the intermediate portion, an axially recessed portion, and a chamfered portion provided between at least one of the intermediate edges and the axially recessed portion, wherein
the exterior surface of each outer link plate comprises end portion exterior surfaces provided on the first end portion and second end portion, a recessed exterior surface provided on the axially recessed portion to be further recessed relative to the end portion exterior surfaces, and a chamfered portion exterior surface provided on the chamfered portion, and
the chamfered portion exterior surface is further recessed relative to the recessed exterior surface of the axially recessed portion.

US Pat. No. 10,190,658

CABLE TRACK

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A cable track comprising:a plurality of multi-channel links pivotally connected to each other, wherein each of the multi-channel links is a unitary body and includes:
a base member,
a first outer member transversely disposed at a first end portion of the base member,
a second outer member transversely disposed at a second end portion of the base member, and
a dividing member transversely disposed on the base member between the first outer member and the second outer member, a first channel being located between the first outer member and the dividing member and a second channel being located between the second outer member and the dividing member;
a first tool-less chassis connector pivotally connected to a first link of the plurality of multi-channel links;
a second tool-less chassis connector pivotally connected to a last link of the plurality of multi-channel links; and
a chassis for receiving electronic devices connected to the first tool-less chassis connector or the second tool-less chassis connector.

US Pat. No. 10,190,657

WARP STRETCH FABRIC AND METHOD

Highland Industries, Inc....

1. A method of producing a toothed belt comprising the steps of: providing a rubber core material, warp yams defined by a nylon material, and fill yams defined by a aramid material,molding the rubber core material into a circular belt with at least one exterior surface,
weaving the warp yams and the fill yams into a double-faced fabric, whereby the double-faced fabric exhibits more than forty-five percent (45%) elongation in the warp direction and less than twenty-five percent (25%) elongation in the fill direction, attaching the double-faced fabric to the circular belt exterior surface, and molding the circular belt to define a plurality of teeth;
whereby weaving the warp and fill yarns further comprises weaving the double-faced fabric via a four harness satin weave in a broken twill pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,190,656

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR BALANCING A WHEEL BY APPLICATION OF A HOT-MELT ADHESIVE BALANCING MASS

1. Balancing weight material for manufacturing of balancing weights, the balancing weight material comprising:a hot melt adhesive configured as a strand in a solid state prior to application of the hot melt adhesive to a rim, where
the hot melt adhesive comprises a filler of a high-density mass material,
the high-density mass material further comprises milled or ground stainless steel particles with particle sizes with d50 values between 20 ?m and 150 ?m,
the high-density mass material further has a volume fraction of between 35% and 75% relative to the balancing weight material,
the balancing weight material has a first melting temperature at which a surface of the balancing weight material will become adhesive, and
the balancing weight material is configured to be applied directly to the rim via a surface of the balancing weight material that has become adhesive to attach the balancing weight material to the rim.

US Pat. No. 10,190,655

TOOL FOR BALANCING A TURBINE ENGINE MODULE

SNECMA, Paris (FR)

1. Tooling for balancing a turbine engine module in a balancing machine, said module having at least one stator housing and a rotor having a shaft with a longitudinal axis A and at least one blade stage which is connected to a longitudinal end portion of said shaft and which is surrounded by said stator housing, wherein said tooling has at least:a balancing frame, having bearings designed to receive and to guide the shaft and the blade stage of the rotor, the position of at least one of said bearings being adjustable relative to said frame;
first and second attaching means designed to be attached to said stator housing;
third and fourth attaching means provided on said frame, to attach said first and second means, respectively, to said frame, the position of at least one of said third and fourth means being adjustable relative to said frame;
transporting means for transporting the frame;
supporting means for supporting the frame, provided on said frame and designed to cooperate equally well with the balancing machine and with the transporting means for transporting the frame, in order to support said frame in said transporting means for transport and in said balancing machine.

US Pat. No. 10,190,654

APPARATUS FOR A DRIVE SYSTEM HAVING A CARTRIDGE HOUSING ONE OR MORE ELASTOMER MEMBERS

Dayco IP Holdings, LLC, ...

1. An apparatus for a drive system comprising:a monolithic hub having a sleeve defining a bore for receiving a shaft, thereby defining an axis of rotation, and an outer annular ring spaced radially outward from the sleeve, thereby defining an annular receptacle therebetween;
a component for rotation with the hub, the component having an inner annular ring disposed between the sleeve and the outer annular ring of the hub;
an annular cartridge defining a first annular groove that has a generally C-shaped or U-shaped cross-sectional profile, the annular cartridge seated between the inner annular ring of the component for rotation with the hub and the sleeve or the outer annular ring of the hub with the first annular groove open radially outward; and
a first elastomer member seated in the first annular groove in compression, thereby operatively coupling the component for rotation with the hub to the hub for rotation therewith.

US Pat. No. 10,190,653

VIBRATION ABSORBER SYSTEM

ZF Friedrichshafen AG, F...

1. A mass damper system comprising:a damper mass carrier;
at least one damper mass received at the damper mass carrier and movable relative to the damper mass carrier; and
at least one stop arranged on the damper mass carrier,
wherein the at least one damper mass moves within a predetermined movement region at least during an operating state in which a rotational movement of the damper mass carrier around a central axis has exceeded a predetermined limit speed;
wherein the predetermined movement region has at least two movement region portions:
a first movement region portion of the at least two movement region portions bounded at a first end by an initial position in which the at least one damper mass is free from a deflection in a circumferential direction and, at a second end, by a limit position in which the at least one damper mass has undergone a deflection of a predetermined deflection distance in the circumferential direction; and
a second movement region portion of the at least two movement region portions is defined at a first end by the limit position and at a second end by a stop position in which the at least one damper mass has come in contact with the at least one stop;
wherein, at least at a stop side facing the at least one stop, the at least one damper mass has a proximity profile shaped to correspond to a stop profile of the at least one stop such that in the first movement region portion the at least one damper mass remains within a residual distance region relative to the at least one stop at least in at least one extension portion of the proximity profile at which this proximity profile comes closest to the stop profile of the at least one stop, and in the second movement region portion at at least two impingement positions of the proximity profile arranged so as to be circumferentially offset with respect to one another, the at least one damper mass comes in contact with at least two supporting positions of the stop profile of the at least one stop arranged so as to be circumferentially offset with respect to one another,
wherein the at least one stop is elastically deformable at least in the at least two supporting positions,
wherein, in order to ensure the elastic deformability, the at least one stop is formed, at least in extension regions of the at least two supporting positions of the stop profile, as a spring device,
wherein the spring device forming the at least one stop has at least one spring element, wherein the at least one spring element is provided between two spacer pieces that are adjacent to one another in the circumferential direction.

US Pat. No. 10,190,643

SYNCHRONIZER FOR RADIALLY APPLIED DOG CLUTCH FOR A VEHICLE

1. A radially applied dog clutch for a vehicle transmission, the clutch comprising:a driving member configured to rotate about an axis and including a cavity extending radially from the axis;
a driving tooth slidably movable within the cavity extending radially from the axis;
a driven member coaxially surrounding the driving member and including a radially inward extending driven tooth;
a synchronizer coaxially positioned between the driving member and the driven member; and
an actuator coaxially positioned within the driving member and movable along the axis to selectively engage the driving tooth sequentially with the synchronizer and the driven tooth.

US Pat. No. 10,190,636

COVER FOR A BEARING HOUSING AND A SUPPORT ASSEMBLY FOR ROTATING SHAFT ASSOCIATED

1. A cover for a bearing housing mounted on machinery for the food processing industry, comprising:a bottom wall,
an annular lateral wall that extends transversely to the bottom wall, and
a coupling portion towards the bearing housing obtained integrally on an end of the lateral wall opposite to the bottom wall; wherein
the cover is made in one piece of a polymeric material;
the coupling portion is designed to couple with the bearing housing laterally on the outside of the bearing housing;
the coupling portion is provided on the side opposite to the bottom wall with an annular sealing lip that extends frontally and overhangingly from a frontal rim of the coupling portion and which is made of the same polymeric material as the cover and is obtained integrally in one piece with the coupling portion;
the annular sealing lip is constrained to the frontal rim of the coupling portion so that the is elastically deformable in a radial direction from the inside outwards, wherein
the annular sealing lip is constrained to the frontal rim of the coupling portion by a root portion having a reduced radial thickness, is delimited radially on the inside by a substantially cylindrical lateral surface, while it is delimited radially on the outside by an oblique or curved lateral surface-shaped so that the sealing lip has a maximum radial thickness thereof near a free end thereof and a minimum radial thickness thereof at the root portion.

US Pat. No. 10,190,627

AGRICULTURAL PLANTER HAVING TAPERED BEARINGS ON ROW UNIT MOUNTING BRACKET

Harvest International, In...

1. An agricultural row planter comprising:a tool bar;
a plurality of row units;
a plurality of mounting assemblies for coupling the row units to the tool bar, and
each mounting assembly having a front bracket, a rear bracket, and linkage arms pivotally extending between the front and rear mounting brackets;
each linkage arm having opposite front and rear ends, with a hole in at each end;
a cup mounted in the hole of each end of the line arms;
a tapered bearing extending into each cup, the bearing having a tapered outer surface and the cup having a tapered inner opening to matingly receive the tapered outer surface of the bearing so that the bearing is adjustable from an initial position to a second position;
a bolt extending through the tapered bearing to mount one of the linkage arms to one of the brackets; and
a pin locking the bolt and bearing together to fix the bearing in one of the initial or second positions.

US Pat. No. 10,190,620

REMOTE CONTROL ASSEMBLY

Kongsberg Driveline Syste...

1. A remote control assembly, said remote control assembly comprising:a sheath having a longitudinal axis along a length thereof and defining an interior;
a liner disposed within said interior and coupled to said sheath; and
a wire having an outer surface with said wire disposed between and coupled to said sheath and said liner;
wherein said outer surface of said wire defines a plurality of notches separated into a first group of notches and a second group of notches with each notch within each of said first and second groups defining a first distance therebetween substantially along said longitudinal axis, and said first group of notches and said second group of notches defining a second distance therebetween with said second distance being greater than said first distance; and
wherein said wire is free of any notches along said second distance defined between said first and second group of notches.

US Pat. No. 10,190,619

SEALING NUT

LISI AEROSPACE, Paris (F...

1. A sealing nut comprising a nut and a deformable sealing ring, wherein the nut comprises an annular body extending in a direction of an axis of revolution (A), a base comprising a counterbore, and a second counterbore made in said base, the second counterbore comprises an annular back wall having a length extending between a first inner radius (R1) and a second inner radius (r1), the sealing ring comprises an annular body and an upper end face (A2) suitable for resting against the back wall of the second counterbore, and said upper end face has a length extending between an inner radius (r2) and an outer radius (R2), characterized in that the ratio between the length (L1) of the back wall of the second counterbore and the length (L2) of the upper end face (A2) of the ring is between 20 and 45%.

US Pat. No. 10,190,618

TRACK BOLT

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. A track bolt for an undercarriage system, the track bolt comprising:a head portion;
a body portion extending from the head portion;
a piezo ceramic sensor mounted in a counter bore provided in the track bolt, wherein the piezo ceramic sensor measures a value of a track bolt elongation such that the value of the track bolt elongation is used to calculate a clamping force in the track bolt; and
a plug member disposed in the counter bore, wherein the plug member is configured to seal the piezo ceramic sensor and to allow a probe of a reader to access the piezo ceramic sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,190,606

ACTUATOR FLEXIBLE MEMBER WITH REACTION FEATURE

Firestone Industrial Prod...

1. An actuator, comprising:a stiff base member defining a bottom of said actuator;
a flexible member connected to said stiff base member and having a sidewall and a contact surface on top of said flexible member, said flexible member and said stiff base member defining a fluid chamber therebetween, said sidewall having a first end connected to said stiff base member and a second end, said second end and said contact surface defining a transition area therebetween, said flexible member being configured to expand when said fluid chamber is filled with fluid;
a reaction feature placed on said transition area that is configured to govern movement of said sidewall; and
wherein said flexible member has a recess formed between said reaction feature and said contact surface.

US Pat. No. 10,190,605

NACELLE FOR AN AIRCRAFT TURBOJET ENGINE PROVIDED WITH A HYDRAULIC ROTO-LINEAR ACTUATOR OF A THRUST REVERSER AND OF A VARIABLE-SECTION NOZZLE

1. A nacelle for an aircraft turbojet engine comprising:a thrust reverser including a cowl displaceable between a deployed position which opens a passage in the nacelle for diverting air flow, and a stowed position which closes the passage;
a fixed structure relative to said cowl; and
a variable-section secondary nozzle comprising a plurality of panels or flaps movable in rotation;
a plurality of hydraulic actuators operable to sequentially actuate said cowl and said panels or flaps, each hydraulic actuator comprising a body mounted on said fixed structure, and a rod mounted in said body, and linked to said cowl and said panels or flaps via a movement transmission device, wherein the movement transmission device transmits movement of said hydraulic actuator to said panels or flaps; and
at least one actuation system for powering said hydraulic actuators, the at least one actuation system comprising a hydraulic control device connected to said hydraulic actuators and adapted to control displacement of the rods of the hydraulic actuators,
wherein said hydraulic actuators each comprise a displacement device which alternately displaces the rod in translation relative to said body to cause translation of the thrust reverser cowl or in rotation relative to said body to cause rotation of said panels or flaps of the variable-section secondary nozzle.

US Pat. No. 10,190,601

SHROUDED AXIAL FAN WITH CASING TREATMENT

CARRIER CORPORATION, Far...

1. A fan assembly comprising:a shrouded fan rotor including:
a plurality of fan blades extending from a rotor hub and rotatable about a central axis of the fan assembly; and
a fan shroud extending circumferentially around the fan rotor and secured to the plurality of fan blades, the shroud having:
a first axially extending annular portion secured to the plurality of fan blades;
a second axially extending annular portion radially outwardly spaced from the first axially extending annular portion; and
a third portion connecting the first and second axially extending annular portions; and
a casing disposed circumferentially around the fan shroud defining a radial clearance between the casing and the fan shroud, the casing including a plurality of casing elements extending from a radially inboard surface of the casing toward the shroud and defining a radial element gap between a first element surface and a maximum radius point of the shroud and an axial element gap between a second element surface and an upstream end of the fan shroud.

US Pat. No. 10,190,597

VACUUM PUMP AND ROTOR THEREOF

Edwards Japan Limited, C...

1. A vacuum pump, comprising:a circular member;
a drive means for driving the circular member rotatably on a center thereof;
a cylindrical member joined to an outer circumference of the circular member;
a stator member surrounding an outer circumference of the cylindrical member; and
a thread groove pump flow path formed between the cylindrical member and the stator member,
the vacuum pump exhausting gas through the thread groove pump flow path by rotating the circular member and the cylindrical member, wherein
the cylindrical member is made of a material having at least a feature of lower thermal expansivity or lower creep rate than that of a material of the circular member, and
a gap of a first region provided between a joint portion of the cylindrical member and a crest of a thread groove formed on an inner surface of the stator member is set to be larger than a gap of a second region provided between a non-joint portion of the cylindrical member and a crest of the thread groove formed on the inner surface of the stator member around the entire outer circumference of the cylindrical member by an amount to accommodate thermal expansion of the circular member or an amount of expansion by creep of the circular member.

US Pat. No. 10,190,591

AUTOMATIC BLOWER CONTROL

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A blower unit controller for a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system including a blower unit having a blower and a blower motor, comprising:an input configured to receive motor operating parameters;
an output configured to provide a motor speed control signal to an inverter, wherein the inverter is in electrical communication with a blower motor and configured to provide a motor drive signal to the blower motor;
a memory configured to store a mathematical model of airflow produced by the blower, wherein the mathematical model is determined as a function of said motor operating parameters;
a processor configured to produce said motor speed control signal based on said mathematical model; and
wherein the mathematical model is configured to calculate an airflow rate as a function of at least one of frequency, voltage, and power of the motor drive signal as reported by the inverter and includes a static pressure term determined from the airflow.

US Pat. No. 10,190,582

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR COLLECTING HIGH FREQUENCY DATA ASSOCIATED WITH A PUMP BY UTILIZING AN FPGA CONTROLLER

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. A system for monitoring a pump while the pump operates at a worksite, the system comprising:one or more sensors associated with the pump and configured to collect high frequency data associated with operation of the pump and low frequency data associated with the operation of the pump;
a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) controller at the worksite configured to receive the high frequency data from the one or more sensors and configured to generate low frequency data based on the high frequency data using one or both of frequency domain analysis to implement a fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithm and time domain analysis to convert the frequency domain data into time domain data as the low frequency data; and
a low frequency controller at the worksite configured to
receive the low frequency data from the FPGA controller,
receive the low frequency data associated with the operation of the pump directly from the one or more sensors,
determine a subset of the low frequency data from the FPGA controller and the low frequency data directly from the one or more sensors to be continuously transmitted to a monitor, and
based on the determined subset of the low frequency data from the FPGA controller and the low frequency data directly from the one or more sensors to be continuously transmitted to the monitor, continuously transmit the determined subset of the low frequency data from the FPGA controller and the low frequency data directly from the one or more sensors to the monitor.

US Pat. No. 10,190,561

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RAPID ENGINE START

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of rapid starting an internal combustion engine having a crankshaft flywheel in a vehicle, comprising:determining, via an electronic controller, that the internal combustion engine is stopped;
detecting, via the controller, an engine start request;
enabling, via the controller, a starter assembly having a brushless electric motor including a stator and a rotor and configured to drive a pinion gear;
engaging the pinion gear with the flywheel;
determining, via the controller, a present angular position of the rotor relative to the stator, wherein the present angular position is configured to generate a first rotor torque;
applying an electrical current to the electric motor, in response to the determined angular position of the rotor, to turn the rotor to a predetermined starting angular position relative to the stator, wherein the predetermined starting angular position is configured to provide a second torque that is greater than the first torque; and
commanding the electric motor, via the controller, to spin the rotor and thereby apply the second torque via the pinion gear to start the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 10,190,558

FUEL INJECTION DEVICE NOZZLE PLATE

ENPLAS CORPORATION, Sait...

1. A fuel injection device nozzle plate to be attached to a fuel injection port of a fuel injection device, said nozzle plate comprising:a nozzle plate main body;
a nozzle hole formed in the nozzle plate main body such that fuel injected from the fuel injection port passes through the nozzle plate;
a spray direction change element configured to collide with fuel spray injected from the nozzle hole so as to change a travel direction of the fuel spray, the spray direction change element being integrally formed with the nozzle plate main body so as to project around an outlet side of the nozzle hole extending through the nozzle plate main body; and
an interference body partially blocking an outlet of the nozzle hole such that the nozzle hole injects fuel toward an inner wall surface of the spray direction change element;
wherein the inner wall surface of the spray direction change element is substantially U-shaped in plan view, and
wherein the inner wall surface has a curved first inner wall surface part and a pair of second inner wall surface parts, the first inner wall surface part projecting so as to surround a part of the outlet side of the nozzle hole, the pair of second inner wall surface parts extending from both ends of the first inner wall surface part so as to face each other.

US Pat. No. 10,190,547

PARTIAL FORCED INDUCTION SYSTEM

1. A partial forced induction system, said system comprising:one or more combustion engine cylinders with each engine cylinder having a first intake valve and a second intake valve;
a first intake manifold providing a naturally aspirated intake manifold path between an air filter to each of said first intake valves of said one or more combustion engine cylinders;
a second intake manifold having a switching valve providing an alternating connection between either said air filter or a source of forced induction to each of said second intake valves of said one or more combustion engine cylinders, said source of forced induction configured to supply a pressurized induction charge into the one or more combustion engine cylinders;
wherein said switching valve is passively actuated by a pressure differential when a pressurized induction charge is supplied by said source of forced induction to overcome and open a closed connection to said source of forced induction, and simultaneously close the path to the naturally aspirated air source; and
wherein said switching valve is passively set to open at a higher pressure differential than the naturally aspirated air source when pressurized induction charge is supplied.

US Pat. No. 10,190,542

CANISTER CLOSE VALVE DEVICE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A canister close valve device configured to open or close a passage mounted between a canister, for collecting evaporation gas evaporated from a fuel tank and an atmosphere, the canister close valve device comprising:a plunger configured to selectively move up or down through magnetization with a core inside a valve housing when a solenoid is activated;
a rod configured to perform a rectilinear reciprocating movement toward or away from the passage according to upward and downward movement of the plunger; and
a diaphragm valve body inserted into the plunger and connected to the valve housing, the diaphragm valve body being configured to be deformed by the upward and downward movement of the plunger and to generate a force for impeding the upward and downward movement of the plunger utilizing a pressure difference generated between the plunger and the valve housing.

US Pat. No. 10,190,535

HYPEREUTECTIC ALUMINUM-SILICON-BASED ALLOY HAVING SUPERIOR ELASTICITY AND WEAR RESISTANCE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An aluminum alloy comprising:an amount of 14 to 21% by weight of silicon (Si);
an amount of about 1 to 5% by weight of nickel (Ni);
an amount of about 4 to 5% by weight of titanium (Ti);
an amount of about 0.7 to 1% by weight of boron (B); and
aluminum (Al) constituting remaining balance of the aluminum alloy,
all the % by weight based on the total weight of the aluminum alloy.

US Pat. No. 10,190,533

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND METHOD FOR COATING INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE COMPONENTS

GM Global Technology Oper...

12. A method of applying a coating to a component of an internal combustion engine comprising:providing a substrate having a presenting surface;
placing a bonding layer on the presenting surface;
applying an insulating layer on the bonding layer such that the bonding layer is disposed between the presenting surface and the insulating layer;
heating the insulating layer and the bonding layer with a heating process to form the coating on the support surface of the substrate; and
applying a sealing layer to the insulating layer, wherein the sealing layer is applied to a portion of the insulating layer such that the insulating layer is disposed between the sealing layer and the bonding layer.

US Pat. No. 10,190,532

AIR INTAKE STRUCTURE FOR VEHICLE ENGINE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An air intake structure for a vehicle engine, the air intake structure comprising:a variable flap rotatably provided in an intake air passage so as to control a cross-sectional area of intake air flow;
a port plate provided downstream of the variable flap, and generating displacement in cooperation with the variable flap;
a driving unit configured to supply a driving force for generating displacement of both the variable flap and the port plate; and
a controller configured to determine a rotation angle of the variable flap in accordance with an operating range of an engine, and configured to control the driving unit so as to control the rotation angle of the variable flap,
wherein a rear end of the port plate facing a combustion chamber is configured to maintain a direct contact with an inner wall of the intake air passage while sliding in a longitudinal direction of the intake air passage in response to a variation in a rotation angle of the variable flap,
wherein a front end of the port plate coupled to the variable flap is configured to generate a rotational displacement relative to a downstream rear end of the variable flap, and
wherein a slide channel is formed in a bottom section of the inner wall of the intake air passage in the longitudinal direction of the intake air passage, and the rear end of the port plate is provided with a protrusion at opposite sides thereof for being engaged with the slide channel such that the protrusion slides along the slide channel in the longitudinal direction of the intake air passage.

US Pat. No. 10,190,530

POWER UNIT

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

2. A power unit comprising:an internal combustion engine body including a crankcase, a cylinder body, and a cylinder head sequentially stacked and fastened together to be integral with each other;
a cam shaft holder fastened and fixed to the cylinder head to rotatably support a cam shaft of a valve operating mechanism of the engine;
a cylinder head cover covering the cylinder head and the cam shaft holder; wherein:
fastening members are provided to penetrate the cylinder head cover and the cam shaft holder to fasten the cylinder head cover and the cam shaft holder to the cylinder head;
pressing surfaces are formed on an inner surface of the cylinder head cover, the pressing surfaces abutting against the cam shaft holder to press the cam shaft holder to the cylinder head;
wherein the cylinder head cover is formed with fastening bolt boss portions through which the fastening members are inserted, and the pressing surfaces are formed by boss seats formed on the fastening bolt boss portions; and
wherein the cylinder head cover has reinforcing ribs connecting the fastening bolt boss portions to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,190,514

PURGE DEVICE, AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE PROVIDED WITH THE SAME

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A purge device for mounting on an internal combustion engine including a supercharger, the purge device comprising:a canister configured to trap evaporated fuel generated in a fuel tank;
a purge passage configured to extend from the canister and be connected to an upstream side of a compressor of the supercharger in an intake passage of the internal combustion engine;
a supply unit configured to supply purge gas within the purge passage to the upstream side of the compressor in the intake passage during supercharging using the supercharger;
a throttle configured to be provided in a portion of the intake passage connected with the purge passage and limit an inflow of gas from the purge passage;
a sensor configured to detect internal pressure downstream of the supply unit in the purge passage; and
a processor configured to determine that a passage end of the purge passage connected to the intake passage deviates from the intake passage, in a case where a detection value obtained by the sensor during the operation of the supply unit is lower than a predetermined pressure, and the processor is configured such that the only deviation of the passage end of the purge passage that the processor determines is the deviation of the passage end of the purge passage connected to the intake passage.

US Pat. No. 10,190,513

CONTROL METHOD OF ENGINE SYSTEM

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An engine system control method for controlling an engine system having at least one non-deactivation cylinder being never deactivated, at least one deactivation cylinder which is selectively deactivated, a first exhaust manifold in communication with the non-deactivation cylinder, a second exhaust manifold in communication with the at least one deactivation cylinder, a first turbocharger including a first turbine rotated by exhaust gas flowing via the first exhaust manifold, a second turbocharger including a second turbine rotated by exhaust gas flowing via the second exhaust manifold, a main intake circulation passage transferring intake air via a first compressor of the first turbocharger, and a sub intake circulation passage transferring intake air via a second compressor of the second turbocharger, comprising:determining engine operating conditions;
determining whether a cylinder deactivation (CDA) condition for deactivating the at least one deactivation cylinder is satisfied upon engine start;
determining whether to perform a deactivation of the at least one deactivation cylinder;
blocking intake of the at least one deactivation cylinder to realize deactivation of the at least one deactivation cylinder;
cutting fuel injection of the at least one deactivation cylinder to realize deactivation of the at least one deactivation cylinder; and
closing the sub intake circulation passage when the at least one deactivation cylinder is deactivated,
wherein the exhaust gas, which flows from the first exhaust manifold to continuously pass through the first turbine, and the exhaust gas, which flows from the second exhaust manifold to pass through the second turbine, are consolidated at an exhaust outlet after passing through the first and second turbines and discharged to outside, and wherein the first compressor, which is connected to the first turbine, continuously operates.

US Pat. No. 10,190,512

MANIFOLD VOLUME DETERMINATION BASED ON SURGE FREQUENCY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine comprising:calculating an expected surge frequency via a model-based diagnostic utilizing a known boost manifold volume;
calculating an actual surge frequency based on an output of a pressure sensor;
updating the known boost manifold volume to an updated boost manifold volume based on a difference between the expected surge frequency and the actual surge frequency; and
adjusting engine operating parameters responsive to the updated boost manifold volume, where adjusting the engine operating parameters includes one or more of adjusting a fuel injector actuator and adjusting a position of a throttle.

US Pat. No. 10,190,511

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

SCANIA CV AB, (SE)

1. A method for running a vehicle having a combustion engine, a starter motor and a driveshaft to which the engine is selectively connected to deliver driving force to the driveshaft for propulsion of the vehicle when the vehicle is in motion, the method comprising:determining that the vehicle is approaching a downgrade within a period of time or within a specified distance;
in response to the determination that the vehicle is approaching a downgrade, determining, based on look ahead data obtained for the vehicle, a look ahead data-based freewheel period of time, the look ahead data-based freewheel period of time being at least a period during which the vehicle is on the downgrade;
determining whether the look ahead data-based freewheel period of time is at least as long as a predetermined first period of time such that an amount of fuel reduction when the engine is switched off for the entirety of the first period of time is at least a first predetermined amount of fuel consumed when the engine is started by the starter motor; and
only when the determination is made that the look ahead data-based freewheel period of time is at least as long as the predetermined first period of time, disconnecting the engine from the driveshaft for the entirety of the look ahead data-based freewheel period, and switching off the engine for the entirety of the look ahead data-based freewheel period.

US Pat. No. 10,190,510

FUEL STORAGE APPARATUS

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A fuel storage apparatus comprising:a fuel tank;
a heat exchanger that performs heat exchange between fuel inside the fuel tank and a heat exchange medium;
a fuel pipe that is provided inside the fuel tank and that delivers the fuel to the heat exchanger; and
a medium pipe that is provided outside the fuel tank and that delivers the heat exchange medium to the heat exchanger,
the heat exchanger comprising:
a first joint provided inside the fuel tank and connectable to the fuel pipe; and
a second joint provided outside the fuel tank and connectable to the medium pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,190,508

FILTER PRE-FILL DETECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. A fuel system comprising:a fuel supply;
a fuel conduit for delivering fuel from the fuel supply to an engine;
a pump coupled between the fuel supply and the fuel conduit and operable to pump fuel between the fuel supply and the fuel conduit to prime the fuel system;
a fuel filter positioned fluidly between the pump and the fuel conduit; and
a filter pre-filling detection system including at least one monitoring mechanism structured to monitor a property of the fuel system indicative of a start of priming the fuel system and a property of the fuel system indicative of an end of priming the fuel system;
the filter pre-filling detection system further including a control mechanism coupled with the at least one monitoring mechanism, the control mechanism being structured to determine a time from the start of priming the fuel system to the end of priming the fuel system that is indicative of pre-filling of the fuel filter with fuel, and to produce an error signal responsive to the determined time where the determined time is indicative of pre-filling of the fuel filter with fuel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,507

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A SPLIT EXHAUST ENGINE SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine, comprising:in response to select engine operating conditions, deactivating one or more valves of a set of first exhaust valves coupled to a first exhaust manifold coupled to an exhaust passage, while maintaining active all valves of a set of second exhaust valves coupled to a second exhaust manifold coupled to an intake passage via an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) passage, the second exhaust manifold and the first exhaust manifold coupled to all engine cylinders.

US Pat. No. 10,190,506

TURBOMACHINE BYPASS FLOW DIVERTING ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A turbomachine exhaust flow diverting assembly, comprising:an outer flow diverter distributed about a rotational axis of a turbomachine, the outer flow diverter moveable between a first position and a second position;
a main bypass flow passage extending between a core engine outer housing and a main bypass flow outer housing;
a third stream bypass flow passage extending between the main bypass flow outer housing and a third stream outer housing;
wherein the main bypass flow outer housing defines an area upstream of the outer flow diverter that permits bypass flow from the main bypass flow passage and bypass flow from the third stream bypass flow passage to mix into a mixed flow;
wherein the outer flow diverter in the first position permits more of the mixed flow through the main bypass flow passage and less of the mixed flow through the third stream bypass flow passage; and
wherein the outer flow diverter in the second position permits more of the mixed flow through the third stream bypass flow passage and less of the mixed flow through the main bypass flow passage.

US Pat. No. 10,190,505

HOUSING FOR DRIVING AN APPARATUS FOR A TURBINE ENGINE

SAFRAN TRANSMISSION SYSTE...

1. A gearbox to be fixed to a turbine engine in order to drive at least one apparatus annexed to the turbine engine, the gearbox comprising:a housing;
a power take-off member capable of engaging with a radial shaft of the turbine engine;
at least one kinematic chain located inside the housing and capable of transmitting a rotational movement of a power take-off to at least one rotatable shaft of an apparatus, the kinematic chain comprising a first end and a second end, wherein the power take-off member is linked to the kinematic chain by a gear having convergent axes located within the kinematic chain;
wherein the kinematic chain comprises at least one central shaft capable of transmitting the movement of the power take-off member to at least one rotatable shaft of an apparatus through at least one intermediate gear, where the central shaft comprises two ends, the power take-off member being linked to the central shaft by a gear having convergent axes, located between the first end and the second end of the central shaft, the central shaft comprising a first and second part, with the power take-off member being linked to the first part by a first gear with convergent axes and to the second part by a second gear with convergent axes.

US Pat. No. 10,190,504

COMBUSTOR SEAL MISTAKE-PROOFING FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

United Technologies Corpo...

9. A gas turbine engine comprising:an outer casing;
a combustor within the outer casing;
a plurality of vane alignment features within and connected to the outer casing, wherein the plurality of vane alignment features includes: a first lug including a first width in a circumferential direction; and a second lug including a third width in the circumferential direction;
a turbine vane downstream of the combustor, the turbine vane including: an outer platform surface facing in an upstream axial direction; and
an alignment feature for engaging with the plurality of vane alignment features to align the turbine vane to the outer casing; and
a combustor seal in contact with the platform surface and a downstream end of the combustor configured to seal a gap defined between the combustor and the outer platform surface of the turbine vane, the combustor seal including: a seal body, and
a plurality of seal alignment features projecting from the seal body configured to engage the plurality of vane alignment features for aligning the combustor seal relative to the turbine vane, wherein one of the seal alignment features is a different size from the rest of the seal alignment features such that there is only one alignment position of the combustor seal with respect to a turbine vane assembly in which the differently sized seal alignment feature engages and mates with a correspondingly sized vane alignment feature that is a second different size from the rest of the vane alignment features, wherein the plurality of seal alignment features includes:
a first fork including a first prong and a second prong, wherein the first prong and the second prong are separated in the circumferential direction by a second width, the second width greater than the first width such that the first fork can engage the first lug; and
a second fork including a third prong and a fourth prong, wherein the third prong and the fourth prong are separated in the circumferential direction by a fourth width, the fourth width greater than the third width such that the second fork can engage the second lug, and wherein the second fork is circumferentially spaced from the first fork;
wherein the first width is greater than the fourth width such that the second fork cannot engage the first lug.

US Pat. No. 10,190,503

COMPACT AERO-THERMO MODEL BASED TIP CLEARANCE MANAGEMENT

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A control system, comprising:an actuator for positioning a control device, the control device comprising a rotary apparatus including a rotor and a rotor case, wherein the actuator positions the control device;
a control law configured to direct the actuator as a function of a model output; and
a model processor configured to generate the model output, the model processor comprising:
an input object for processing a model input vector and setting a model operating mode;
a set state module for setting dynamic states of the model processor, the dynamic states input to an open loop model based on the model operating mode;
wherein the open loop model generates current state derivatives, solver state errors, and synthesized parameters as a function of the dynamic states and the model input vector, wherein the open loop model constrains the current state derivatives and solver state errors based on a series of cycle synthesis modules, each member of the series of cycle synthesis modules modeling a component of a cycle of the control device and comprising a series of utilities, the utilities based on mathematical abstractions of physical laws that govern behavior of the component, the series of cycle synthesis modules including a rotary apparatus module which estimates a tip clearance between the rotor and the rotor case;
an estimate state module configured to determine an estimated state of the model based on at least one of a prior state, the current state derivatives, the solver state errors, and the synthesized parameters; and
an output object for processing at least the synthesized parameters of the model to determine the model output.

US Pat. No. 10,190,502

BRAZING COMPONENTS AND TECHNIQUES

Delavan Inc., West Des M...

1. A method of joining comprising:applying braze to a braze reservoir in a first component;
engaging a second component to the first component, wherein a joint location is defined between the first and second components, wherein a wicking structure provides flow communication from the braze reservoir to the joint location wherein the wicking structure extends radially through the first component;
heating the braze;
flowing the braze from the reservoir through the wicking structure to the joint location; and
joining the first and second components together.

US Pat. No. 10,190,501

GAS TURBINES ENGINE SUPPORT STRUCTURES

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A ducted fan gas turbine engine having a propulsive fan, a fan case surrounding the fan, a core engine, and a plurality of support structures which transmit loads from the core engine to the fan case, each support structure having:two support struts which extend from the core engine to a joint radially outwardly of the fan case, the support struts being spaced apart at the core engine but converging to meet at the joint forming a first A-frame structure with the joint at an apex of the first A-frame structure; and
two structural elements which extend from the joint to respective fixing positions on the fan case at opposite sides of the joint forming a second A-frame structure with the joint at an apex of the second A-frame structure.

US Pat. No. 10,190,500

DUCT

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A supported duct for a gas turbine engine, the supported duct comprising:at least one support frame having an aperture defined by an upper aperture wall portion, a lower aperture wall portion and opposing aperture side walls extending between the upper aperture wall portion and the lower aperture wall portion, an exhaust duct of the gas turbine engine extending through the aperture, the exhaust duct comprising an upper panel in abutment with the upper aperture wall portion, a lower panel in abutment with the lower aperture wall portion and opposing side walls extending between the upper panel and the lower panel,
wherein the opposing side walls of the exhaust duct are spaced from the opposing aperture side walls.

US Pat. No. 10,190,499

AXIAL TENSION SYSTEM FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE CASE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A gas turbine engine comprising:a convex case section comprising:
an upstream case portion adjacent a forward edge of the convex case section, wherein the upstream case portion has a first radius relative to a centerline axis of the gas turbine engine at the forward edge;
a downstream case portion adjacent a rearward edge of the convex case section, wherein the downstream case portion has a second radius relative to the centerline axis at the rearward edge;
an intermediate case portion between the upstream case portion and the downstream case portion and having a third radius relative to the centerline axis that is larger than the first radius and the second radius; and
a tension rod extending from the upstream case portion to the downstream case portion, wherein an entirety of the tension rod is disposed radially inward of the intermediate case portion relative to the centerline axis, and wherein a first end of the tension rod is connected to a first bracket mounted to the upstream case portion, and where a second end of the tension rod is connected to a second bracket mounted to the downstream case portion.

US Pat. No. 10,190,498

VALVE WITH VALVE MEMBER COOLING

1. A valve with a valve member cooling arrangement, comprising:at least one housing having at least one set of working fluid inlet and outlet ports and a valve chamber at least in part disposed within a flow path from the at least one working fluid inlet port to the at least one working fluid outlet port, the at least one housing having at least one set of coolant supply and return ports in communication with an internal coolant chamber in the at least one housing;
a valve member movably disposed within the valve chamber and having a valve head configured to control flow between the at least one set of working fluid inlet and outlet ports, the valve member having at least one valve member inlet and at least one valve member outlet and defining an internal valve member cooling passage uniting the at least one valve member inlet and outlet ports;
wherein, during static and dynamic positioning of the valve member, the at least one valve member inlet port is in communication with the at least one coolant supply port by opening to the coolant chamber in the at least one housing and the at least one valve member outlet is in communication with the at least one coolant return port by opening to the coolant chamber in the at least one housing.

US Pat. No. 10,190,497

COUNTER-ROTATING LOW PRESSURE TURBINE WITHOUT TURBINE EXHAUST CASE

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A gas turbine engine comprising:a compressor section;
a combustor section downstream of the compressor section;
a turbine section downstream of the combustor section;
a mid-turbine frame configured to support the turbine section, the mid-turbine frame extending to an outer case portion;
at least one shaft defining an axis of rotation, the at least one shaft driven by the turbine section; and
wherein the turbine section comprises
an inner rotor directly driving the shaft, the inner rotor including an inner set of blades,
an outer rotor positioned immediately adjacent to the outer case portion and having an outer set of blades interspersed with the inner set of blades, the outer rotor configured to rotate in an opposite direction about the axis of rotation from the inner rotor, and
a gear system mounted to the mid-turbine frame and coupling the outer rotor to drive the at least one shaft, wherein the gear system is positioned downstream of the combustor section;
a first bearing supporting a fore end of the outer rotor for rotation relative to the mid-turbine frame structure;
a second bearing supporting an aft end of the outer rotor for rotation relative to the shaft; and
a third bearing supporting the shaft for rotation relative to a non-rotating structure of the gear system, wherein the first and third bearings are radially aligned with each other in an overlapping relationship.

US Pat. No. 10,190,496

TURBOFAN ENGINE BEARING AND GEARBOX ARRANGEMENT

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A turbofan engine (300; 600; 700) comprising:a fan shaft (120) configured to rotate about an axis (500) of the engine;
a fan drive gear system (60) configured to drive the fan shaft, the fan drive gear system having a plurality of gears (84) carried by a carrier (86) and having a gear length LG along an externally toothed portion and a centerplane (540) extending centrally through said externally toothed portion;
a first spool comprising:
a high pressure turbine (326); and
a high pressure compressor (324);
a second spool comprising:
an intermediate pressure turbine (328);
a lower pressure compressor; and
a shaft (334) coupling the intermediate pressure turbine to the lower pressure compressor;
a third spool comprising:
a lower pressure turbine (330) coupled to the fan drive gear system to drive the fan;
a core flowpath (506); and
a plurality of main bearings,wherein:the turbofan engine has a single stage fan;
of the main bearings, at least one is a shaft-engaging bearing engaging a driving shaft (336) coupled to the fan drive gear system;
a closest (340; 640) of the shaft-engaging bearings engaging the driving shaft behind the fan drive gear system has a centerplane (550) and a characteristic radius (RB);
the half angle (?) of a virtual cone (530) intersecting the core flowpath inboard boundary at the gear system centerplane (540) and said closest of the shaft-engaging bearings at the characteristic radius (RB) is greater than 32°; and
a hub-to-tip ratio (HR:FR) of the fan is less than 0.38.

US Pat. No. 10,190,495

GEARED TURBOFAN ENGINE WITH INTER-SHAFT DEFLECTION FEATURE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A turbine engine comprising:a compressor section including a first compressor section and a second compressor section;
a turbine section including a first turbine section driving the first compressor section through an inner shaft and a second turbine section driving the second compressor section through an outer shaft, wherein the outer shaft includes an aft end;
a bearing assembly supporting rotation of the outer shaft, the bearing assembly spaced axially forward of the aft end;
a bumper located between the inner shaft and the outer shaft for accommodating interaction between the inner shaft and the outer shaft, wherein the aft end of the outer shaft is disposed annularly about the bumper; and
a fastening member attached to the aft end of the outer shaft for securing a portion of the bearing assembly to the outer shaft, wherein the fastening member is spaced axially aft of the bearing assembly within an axial length disposed at least partially about the bumper.

US Pat. No. 10,190,494

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR STORING ENERGY IN FORM OF COMPRESSED AIR IN TUBES INTEGRATED IN A TANK CONTAINING WATER AND WATER VAPOUR

IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES, ...

1. A system for storing energy in compressed air, water and water vapor comprising:at least one tube providing a storage volume for the compressed air, water and vapor water, the tube being confined in a sealed pressurized pressure-resistant thermally-insulated tank, means for storing and releasing heat in the compressed air stored in the storage volume and the sealed pressurized pressure-resistant thermally insulated tank includes compressed air, water and water vapor which during heat storage progressively vaporizes until a water-vapor medium in phase equilibrium occurs in the tank which depends on pressure and temperature in the tank.

US Pat. No. 10,190,492

DUAL CRANKSHAFT, OPPOSED-PISTON ENGINES WITH VARIABLE CRANK PHASING

ACHATES POWER, INC., San...

1. An opposed-piston, internal combustion engine comprising:one or more cylinders, each cylinder including exhaust and intake ports near respective outer ends of the cylinder, wherein the cylinders are juxtaposed and oriented with exhaust and intake ports mutually aligned;
a pair of crankshafts rotatably mounted near respective exhaust and intake ends of the cylinders;
a pair of pistons disposed in each cylinder for opening and closing the ports of the cylinder by opposed sliding movement in the bore of the cylinder;
all of the pistons opening and closing the exhaust ports being coupled by connecting rods to the crankshaft mounted near the exhaust ends of the cylinders, and all of the pistons opening and closing the intake ports being coupled by connecting rods to the crankshaft mounted near the intake ends of the cylinders;
a gear train coupling the crankshafts to an output drive; and,
a crank phasing mechanism operatively coupled to a crankshaft and to the gear train for changing a crank angle of the crankshaft.

US Pat. No. 10,190,491

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. An internal combustion engine comprising a variable compression ratio mechanism that is capable of continuously varying compression ratio of the internal combustion engine according to rotational position of a control shaft, and a body-side stopper that limits rotation of the control shaft,wherein the control shaft is equipped with a control-shaft-side stopper that is brought into abutment against the body-side stopper,
wherein the control-shaft-side stopper has a control-shaft-side stopper surface that is brought into abutment against the body-side stopper,
wherein the body-side stopper has a body-side stopper surface that is brought into abutment against the control-shaft-side stopper,
wherein, when the control-shaft-side stopper is brought into abutment against the body-side stopper, the control-shaft-side stopper and the body-side stopper form an abutment portion and a portion opposite the abutment portion, wherein a distance between the body-side stopper surface and the control-shaft-side stopper surface increases toward the portion opposite the abutment portion, and wherein the portion opposite the abutment portion is at a position closer to a rotation center of the control shaft when viewed in an axial direction of the control shaft than the abutment portion.

US Pat. No. 10,190,490

ENERGY STORAGE AND CONVERSION IN FREE-PISTON COMBUSTION ENGINES

EtaGen, Inc., Menlo Park...

1. A free-piston combustion engine system, comprising:a cylinder comprising a combustion section;
at least one tree-piston assembly in contact with the combustion section;
at least one gas spring in contact with the at least one free-piston assembly, wherein the at least one gas spring is configured to store energy from the at least one free-piston assembly during an expansion stroke of a piston cycle;
at least one linear electromagnetic machine for directly converting between kinetic energy of the at least one free-piston assembly and electrical energy; and
processing circuitry configured for:
causing the at least one gas spring to store at least a sufficient amount of energy from the at least one free-piston assembly during the expansion stroke to perform a subsequent stroke of the piston cycle thereby avoiding net electrical energy input over the subsequent stroke of the piston cycle by controlling at least a position of the at least one free-piston assembly, and
causing the linear electromagnetic machine to convert at least some of the energy stored in the at least one gas spring into electrical energy during the subsequent stroke of the piston cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,190,489

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An internal combustion engine, comprising:a first exhaust manifold in which gas discharged from a first cylinder group of the internal combustion engine flows;
a second exhaust manifold in which gas discharged from a second cylinder group that is different from the first cylinder group flows; and
a turbocharger having a first scroll chamber that communicates with the first exhaust manifold and a second scroll chamber that communicates with the second exhaust manifold,
in which a surface area of a wall surface of the first exhaust manifold is larger than a surface area of a wall surface of the second exhaust manifold,
wherein the turbocharger further comprises:
a turbine housing including the first scroll chamber and the second scroll chamber that are divided by a partition wall from each other in an axial direction of a turbine wheel,
a first cooling water passage provided in the turbine housing to cover the first scroll chamber and having an outlet, and
a second cooling water passage provided in the turbine housing to cover the second scroll chamber and having an inlet,
wherein the first cooling water passage and the second cooling water passage are connected in series so as to define a cooling water flow path within the turbine housing extending from the inlet to the outlet, and
the internal combustion engine comprises a water pump that causes the cooling water to flow from the second cooling water passage to the first cooling water passage.

US Pat. No. 10,190,488

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A VARIABLE TURBINE GEOMETRY

1. A method for producing a variable turbine geometry of a charging device, comprising:inserting at least two guide blades into a blade mounting ring; and
jointly machining at least two of the guide blades, in the mounted state, on respective end sides of the at least two of the guide blades facing away from the blade mounting ring in order to produce a final shape of the end sides.

US Pat. No. 10,190,487

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR A BI-VALVED VARIABLE INLET DEVICE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for an engine, comprising:a compressor including an impeller rotatable about a central axis and a variable inlet device (VID) arranged upstream of the impeller in an inlet conduit of the compressor, the VID comprising:
a set of semi-cylindrical shells arranged adjacent to one another, each shell of the set of shells having an inlet end arranged upstream in the inlet conduit from an outlet end, where each shell is pivotable, from its inlet end to its outlet end, relative to the central axis; and
an actuator adapted to actuate the VID into an open and closed position, the actuator including an electric motor coupled to two pivotable arms, each arm of the two pivotable arms coupled to an outer surface a respective shell of the two shells; and
a controller including computer readable instructions stored on memory for:
actuating the electric motor to pivot the pivotable arms toward the central axis and move each outlet end of each shell inward, toward the central axis, to move the VID into the closed position in response to a first operating condition; and
actuating the electric motor to pivot the pivotable arms away from the central axis and move each outlet end of each shell outward, away from the central axis, to move the VID into the open position in response to a second operating condition.

US Pat. No. 10,190,486

TURBOCHARGER WITH TWIN WASTE-GATE VALVES

6. A vehicle comprising:an internal combustion engine configured to generate power via combustion of fuel and airflow and generate post-combustion gases;
an exhaust passage configured to remove the post-combustion gases from the engine;
a turbocharger configured to pressurize an airflow for delivery to the engine, wherein the turbocharger includes:
a compressor wheel configured to pressurize the airflow;
a turbine wheel configured to be driven by the post-combustion gases and drive the compressor wheel; and
a waste-gate assembly including a first waste-gate valve and a second waste-gate valve and configured to selectively redirect at least a portion of the post-combustion gases away from the turbine wheel into the exhaust passage;
a sensor configured to detect an engine operation; and
a controller operatively connected to the engine, the controller including executable instructions stored on a non-transitory memory to:
identify a cold-start of the engine via the sensor;
open the first turbocharger for pressurizing an airflow to be delivered to an internal combustion engine that generates post-combustion gases, the turbocharger comprising waste-gate valve and the second waste-gate valve in response to the identified cold-start of the engine;
identify a boosted operation of the engine; and
regulate at least one of the first waste-gate valve and the second waste-gate valve between an open and a closed position in response to the identified boosted engine operation.

US Pat. No. 10,190,485

CONTROL APPARATUS FOR ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A control apparatus for an engine, the control apparatus being configured to control the engine, the engine comprising:an exhaust-driven supercharger having an adjusting mechanism at an exhaust passage, the adjusting mechanism being configured to change a supercharging efficiency according to an opening degree of the adjusting mechanism, control modes of the adjusting mechanism including a first control mode and a second control mode, the first control mode allowing the opening degree to be maintained at a maximum supercharging efficiency opening degree at which the exhaust-driven supercharger has a maximum supercharging efficiency independently of a deviation between a target supercharging pressure and an actual supercharging pressure, the second control mode allowing the deviation to be fed back to the opening degree; and
an electrically-driven supercharger which is driven by an electrical power supplied from an electrical power supply,
the control apparatus comprising a controller,
the controller being programmed to:
determine engine operating conditions;
determine whether or not a supplied amount of the electrical power to the electrically-driven supercharger decreases due to a stop of the supply of the electrical power to the electrically-driven supercharger; and
when the control mode of the adjusting mechanism is in the first control mode, maintain the control mode in the first control mode before it is determined that the supped amount decreases.

US Pat. No. 10,190,484

CONTROL APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. An internal combustion engine comprising:a turbine arranged in an exhaust passage of the internal combustion engine and configured to be driven by exhaust gas;
a first compressor arranged in an intake passage of the internal combustion engine and configured to be driven by the turbine and to supercharge intake air;
an exhaust energy adjustment device configured to adjust an amount of exhaust energy recovered by the turbine and by controlling an amount of the exhaust gas in the exhaust passage that is directed to the turbine during operation of the internal combustion engine to thereby change a power of the first compressor;
a second compressor arranged in the intake passage and configured to be driven by a power other than exhaust gas and to supercharge intake air;
wherein the intake passage on a downstream side of the first compressor is connected to the intake passage on a downstream side of the second compressor;
a supercharging control device configured to switch between execution of supercharging by the second compressor when the second compressor is driven with the power other than exhaust gas and stopping supercharging by the second compressor when the second compressor is no longer driven with the power other than exhaust gas; and
a control apparatus comprising an internal combustion engine controller;
wherein the internal combustion engine controller includes a non-transitory computer-readable memory storing executable-programmed instructions to:
control the exhaust energy adjustment device such that, when supercharging by the second compressor is required at a time of a request to increase engine torque, the power of the first compressor is increased to a designated power value or greater than the designated power value by increasing an amount of the exhaust gas directed to the turbine; and
control the supercharging control device such that, upon an elapse of a delay time that is started when the power of the first compressor is increased to the designated power value or greater than the designated power value, supercharging by the second compressor is started by driving the second compressor with the power other than exhaust gas.

US Pat. No. 10,190,483

METHOD OF CONTROLLING A PRESSURE RATIO IN A FLOW OF COMPRESSED COMBUSTION AIR

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method of controlling an engine system having both an electric driven compressor and an exhaust driven turbocharger for compressing a flow of combustion air for an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:defining a total pressure ratio target for the flow of combustion air;
defining a distribution factor to calculate a first portion of the total pressure ratio target and a second portion of the total pressure ratio target, wherein the sum of the first portion of the total pressure ratio target and the second portion of the total pressure ratio target is equal to the total pressure ratio target;
controlling the electric driven compressor to provide the first portion of the total pressure ratio target; and
controlling the exhaust driven turbocharger to provide the second portion of the total pressure ratio target.

US Pat. No. 10,190,482

AIR INLET ASSEMBLY FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An internal combustion engine comprising:a cylinder block defining a cylinder;
a cylinder head mounted to the cylinder block;
a gas compressor configured to selectively pressurize air being received from the ambient for delivery to the cylinder;
an intake valve operatively connected to the cylinder head and configured to control delivery of the selectively pressurized air to the cylinder for combustion therein; and
an air inlet assembly arranged between the intake valve and the gas compressor, configured to supply the pressurized air to the cylinder, and including at least one passage configured to collect a condensate from the pressurized air;
wherein:
the air inlet assembly includes a charge-air cooler configured to cool the pressurized air prior to delivery thereof to the cylinder;
the charge-air cooler includes a heat exchanger section configured to cool the pressurized air aft of the gas compressor, a hot-side plenum configured to receive the pressurized air aft of the gas compressor, and a cold-side plenum configured to discharge the pressurized air from the heat exchanger section;
the at least one passage of the air inlet assembly includes a first passage arranged at least partially in the cold-side plenum and configured to direct the condensate to the intake valve, and a second passage arranged at least partially in the hot-side plenum and in fluid communication with the first passage;
the second passage includes at least one sine configured to collect the condensate; and
the heat exchanger section includes a feature arranged to direct the condensate toward the first passage;
wherein the feature is arranged at an angle relative to a horizontal plane when the engine is positioned on a level surface;
wherein the angle of the feature is equal to or greater than 5 degrees relative to the horizontal plane.