US Pat. No. 10,598,929

MEASUREMENT METHOD AND SYSTEM

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:detecting, by a first computing device, one or more occurrences of a first real-world surface in image data received from one or more wearable devices, wherein the image data is indicative of respective wearer-views associated with the one or more wearable devices;
determining, by the first computing device, that the first real-world surface is not listed in a listing database for augmented-reality display rights to real-world surfaces; and
responsive to determining that the first real-world surface is not listed in the listing database, the first computing device:
determining a user-account associated with the first real-world surface;
based at least in part on the one or more detected occurrences of the first real-world surface in the image data, determining an augmented-reality display value corresponding to the first real-world surface; and
initiating a transmission of an electronic message to a second computing device corresponding to the user-account that is associated with the first real-world surface, wherein the electronic message indicates the determined display value corresponding to the first real-world surface.

US Pat. No. 10,598,925

PROJECTION DEVICE

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A projection device comprising:a reflective element comprising a plurality of convex reflective projections;
a MEMS micro mirror to receive a plurality of light beams, the MEMS micro mirror to oscillate about at least one oscillation axis to scan the plurality of light beams onto the reflective element, the plurality of convex reflective projections to reflect the plurality of light beams incident on the plurality of convex reflective projections, wherein the plurality of light beams are focused to have a spot size on the reflective element, the spot size to have an area that is less than, or equal to, the area of a one of the plurality of convex reflective projections; and
a beam combiner to receive the plurality of light beams reflected by the convex reflective projections and to at least partially reflect the plurality of light beams to form a virtual image to be viewed from within an eyebox.

US Pat. No. 10,598,924

CROSS FLEXURE SUSPENSION SYSTEM

1. A system for supporting an object, comprising:a suspension system, the suspension system including:
a base mounting structure;
a connecting structure;
a supported element structure;
a first flexure structure, wherein the first flexure structure joins the base mounting structure to the connecting structure and allows the connecting structure to rotate relative to the base mounting structure about a first axis of rotation;
a second flexure structure, wherein the second flexure structure joins the supported element structure to the connecting structure and allows the supported element structure to rotate relative to the base mounting structure about a second axis of rotation;
at least a first position sensor, wherein the first position sensor is fixed relative to the base mounting structure, and wherein the first position sensor is operable to detect a change in a distance between the base mounting structure and the supported element structure as a result of rotation of the supported element structure relative to the base mounting structure about at least one of the first and second axes of rotation;
a first actuator, wherein the first actuator includes a first component that is fixed relative to the base mounting structure and a second component that is fixed relative to the supported element structure, and wherein the first actuator is operable to move the supported element structure relative to the base mounting structure about at least a first one of the first and second axes of rotation; and
a second actuator, wherein the second actuator includes a first component that is fixed relative to the base mounting structure and a second component that is fixed relative to the supported element structure, and wherein the second actuator is operable to move the supported element structure relative to the base mounting structure about at least a second one of the first and second axes of rotation.

US Pat. No. 10,598,922

REFRACTIVE BEAM STEERING DEVICE USEFUL FOR AUTOMATED VEHICLE LIDAR

Aptiv Technologies Limite...

1. A device for steering radiation, the device comprising:an optic component including a plurality of concave surfaces on at least one side of the optic component;
a plurality of radiation sources respectively aligned with the plurality of concave surfaces; and
at least one actuator that selectively moves the optic component relative to the plurality of light sources to selectively change a direction of respective beams of radiation passing through the plurality of concave surfaces, wherein the direction of a plurality of the respective beams of radiation passing through the plurality of concave surfaces is the same for a selected position of the optic component.

US Pat. No. 10,598,920

LIGHT GUIDE PLATE, BACKLIGHT ASSEMBLY, DISPLAY APPARATUS, AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A light guide plate, comprising a plurality of light-adjusting panels, disposed on or over a light-emitting side of the light guide plate, wherein:the plurality of light-adjusting panels are arranged in an array, and a gap is arranged between every two adjacent light-adjusting panels; and
the plurality of light-adjusting panels are configured to be controllable:
in a transparent state to thereby allow lights transmitting inside the light guide plate to emit out from the light-emitting side without being blocked or scattered by the plurality of light-adjusting panels such that a large divergence angle is realized; or
in an opaque state to thereby cause the lights transmitting inside the light guide plate to emit out from the light-emitting side to be blocked or scattered by the plurality of light-adjusting panels such that a small divergence angle is realized;
wherein the light-adjusting panels are integrally formed with the light guide plate and have a flush surface with light-emitting side of the light guide plate.

US Pat. No. 10,598,919

ELECTROWETTING-ACTUATED OPTICAL SHUTTERS

The Regents of the Univer...

1. An optical shutter comprising:an electrowetting cell having walls attached to a base and configured to contain liquids and to apply voltage across contained liquids;
a first, conducting liquid within the cell;
a second, non-conducting liquid within the cell forming a liquid-liquid interface with the first liquid;
the liquid-liquid interface extending to the walls of the cell apart from the base of the cell;
optical apparatus for shining an input beam of light on the liquid-liquid interface at an angle near a total internal reflection angle for the liquid-liquid interface resulting in an output beam of light; and
electrical apparatus for applying varying amounts of voltage to the liquids in order to change the shape of the liquid-liquid interface without separating liquid-liquid interface from the walls of the cell, the electrical apparatus including an electrode in the walls of the cell and an electrode in the base of the cell;
whereby the input beam of light is selectively substantially totally reflected based upon the amount of voltage applied and whereby the optical shutter is configured to achieve extinction ratios greater than 60 dB.

US Pat. No. 10,598,917

BORESCOPE GRIP

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A borescope grip defined about a central longitudinal axis, comprising:a reaction case that includes a first flange having a first face that is substantially perpendicular to a central longitudinal axis of the grip;
an o-ring that abuts the first face of the first flange;
a plunger that includes a second flange having a second face that abuts the o-ring at a first axial position and is disengaged from the o-ring at a second axial position;
a spring that abuts the second flange; and
a trigger coupled to the plunger,
wherein when a force applied to the trigger is less than a threshold the spring causes the o-ring to deform.

US Pat. No. 10,598,910

WAVEGUIDE FOR MULTISPECTRAL FUSION

Qioptiq Limited, St. Asa...

1. A system comprising:an optical waveguide configured to receive multispectral radiation from a scene;
a first optical component configured to cause:
a first portion of the multispectral radiation with wavelengths in a first range to exit the optical waveguide at a first position; and
a second portion of the multispectral radiation with wavelengths in a second range to travel through the optical waveguide from the first position to a second position via total internal reflection;
a second optical component configured to cause the second portion of the multispectral radiation to exit the optical waveguide at the second position,
wherein the system is configured to produce an image of the scene that comprises:
a visual representation of the first portion of the multispectral radiation; and
a visual representation of the second portion of the multispectral radiation,
wherein the visual representation of the first portion of the multispectral radiation and the visual representation of the second portion of the multispectral radiation overlap each other in the produced image.

US Pat. No. 10,598,909

ZOOM LENS AND IMAGE PICKUP APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A zoom lens comprising in order from an object side to an image side:a first lens unit having a positive refractive power and configured not to be moved for zooming;
a second lens unit having a negative refractive power and configured to be moved for zooming;
at least one zooming lens unit configured to be moved for zooming;
a stop; and
a fixed lens unit having a positive refractive power and configured not to be moved for zooming,
wherein the first lens unit comprises in order from the object side to the image side:
a first lens sub-unit configured not to be moved for focusing;
a second lens sub-unit having a positive refractive power and configured to be moved toward the object side for focusing to an object at short distance from an object at infinite distance; and
a third lens sub-unit having a positive refractive power and configured to be moved for focusing,
wherein the second lens sub-unit includes a negative meniscus lens having a convex surface facing the image side,
wherein the second lens sub-unit and the third lens sub-unit are configured to be moved along respective loci different from each other for focusing to the object at short distance from the object at infinite distance, and
wherein the zoom lens satisfies a conditional expression
?0.60

US Pat. No. 10,598,908

WIDE-ANGLE LENS ASSEMBLY

SINTAI OPTICAL (SHENZHEN)...

1. A wide-angle lens assembly, comprising sequentially from an object side to an image side along an optical axis:a first lens which is a meniscus lens with negative refractive power;
a second lens with negative refractive power including a convex surface facing the object side;
a third lens with positive refractive power including a convex surface facing the object side;
a fourth lens with positive refractive power including a convex surface facing the image side;
a fifth lens with negative refractive power including a convex surface facing the image side;
a sixth lens with positive refractive power;
wherein the wide-angle lens assembly satisfies:
Vd4?Vd5?50
wherein Vd4 is an Abbe number of the fourth lens and Vd5 is an Abbe number of the fifth lens;
wherein the fourth lens and the fifth lens are cemented together, the second lens and the sixth lens further comprises at least one aspheric surface.

US Pat. No. 10,598,907

OPTICAL LENS

RAYS OPTICS INC., Hsinch...

1. An optical lens, comprising:a first lens group with negative refractive power comprising at least three lenses with refractive powers, the at least three lenses with refractive powers including at least one aspheric lens, and the first lens group having a lens with positive refractive power and an Abbe number of smaller than 20;
a second lens group with positive refractive power comprising at least three lenses with refractive powers, the at least three lenses with refractive powers including at least one aspheric lens, and a total number of lenses in the first lens group and the second lens group being less than 9, wherein each of the first lens group and the second lens group comprises a lens having a refractive index variation as a function of temperature (dn/dt) of smaller than ?80 ×10?6 K?1; and
an aperture stop disposed between the two lens groups.

US Pat. No. 10,598,897

CAMERA OPTICAL LENS

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. A camera optical lens comprising, from an object side to an image side in sequence: a first lens, a second lens having a positive refractive power, a third lens having a negative refractive power, a fourth lens, a fifth lens, a sixth lens, and an imaging plain; wherein the camera optical lens further satisfies the following conditions:?3?f1/f??1.5;
1.7?n3?2.2;
1.7?n6?2.2;
0.02?d3/TTL?0.06;
?8.62?(R3+R4)/(R3?R4)??1.69;
where
f: the focal length in mm of the camera optical lens;
f1: the focal length in mm of the first lens;
n3: the refractive index of the third lens;
n6: the refractive index of the sixth lens;
d3: the thickness in mm on-axis of the second lens;
TTL: the distance in mm on-axis from the object side surface of the first lens to the image surface;
R3: the curvature radius in mm of the object side surface of the second lens;
R4: the curvature radius in mm of the image side surface of the second lens.

US Pat. No. 10,598,896

CAMERA OPTICAL LENS

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. A camera optical lens comprising, from an object side to an image side in sequence: a first lens, a second lens having a positive refractive power, a third lens having a negative refractive power, a fourth lens, a fifth lens, and a sixth lens; wherein the camera optical lens further satisfies the following conditions:?3?f1/f??1.5;
1.7?n3?2.2;
1.7?n4?2.2;
?2?f5/f6??1.12;
?1.37?(R9+R10)/(R9?R10)??0.01;
where
f: the focal length of the camera optical lens;
f1: the focal length of the first lens;
n3: the refractive index of the third lens;
n4: the refractive index of the fourth lens;
f5: the focal length of the fifth lens;
f6: the focal length of the sixth lens;
R9: the curvature radius of the object side surface of the fifth lens;
R10: the curvature radius of the image side surface of the fifth lens.

US Pat. No. 10,598,894

CAMERA OPTICAL LENS

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. A camera optical lens comprising, from an object side to an image side in sequence: a first lens, a second lens, a third lens, a fourth lens, a fifth lens, a sixth lens and a seventh lens; wherein the third lens has a negative refractive power with a convex object side surface and a concave image side surface; the camera optical lens further satisfies the following conditions:?3f1/f?1;
1.7n52.2;
1f6/f710;
1.2(R1+R2)/(R1?R2)10;
0.01d19/TTL0.2;
0.94f3/f41.77;
?110.5(R5+R6)/(R5?R6)3.87;
0.15d50.47; where
f: the focal length of the camera optical lens;
f1: the focal length of the first lens;
f6: the focal length of the sixth lens;
f7: the focal length of the seventh lens;
n5: the refractive power of the fifth lens;
R1: curvature radius of object side surface of the first lens;
R2: the curvature radius of image side surface of the first lens;
d9: the thickness on-axis of the fifth lens;
TTL: the total optical length of the camera optical lens
f3: the focal length of the third lens;
R5: the curvature radius of the object side surface of the third lens;
R6: the curvature radius of the image side surface of the third lens;
d5: the thickness on-axis of the third lens.

US Pat. No. 10,598,893

OPTICAL IMAGING LENS

Genius Electronic Optical...

1. An optical imaging lens, comprising a first element, a second element, a third element, a fourth element, a fifth lens element, a sixth lens element and a seventh lens element sequentially from an object side to an image side along an optical axis, each of the first, second, third, fourth, fifth, sixth and seventh lens elements having refracting power, an object-side surface facing toward the object side and allowing an imaging ray to pass therethrough and an image-side surface facing toward the image side and allowing the imaging ray to pass therethrough, wherein:the first lens element has positive refracting power, and the image-side surface of the first lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the object-side surface of the third lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of a periphery of the third lens element, and the image-side surface of the third lens element comprises a convex portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the fifth lens element has positive refracting power, the object-side surface of the fifth lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of a periphery of the fifth lens element, and the image-side surface of the fifth lens element comprises a convex portion in a vicinity of the periphery of the fifth lens element;
the image-side surface of the sixth lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the image-side surface of the seventh lens element comprises a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
the optical imaging lens comprises no other lenses having refracting power beyond the seven lens elements; and
an abbe number of the first lens element is represented by V1, an abbe number of the second lens element is represented by V2, an abbe number of the third lens element is represented by V3, an abbe number of the fourth lens element is represented by V4, an abbe number of the fifth lens element is represented by V5, an abbe number of the sixth lens element is represented by V6, an abbe number of the seventh lens element is represented by V7, and V1, V2, V3, V4, V5, V6 and V7 satisfy the inequality:
310.000?V1+V2+V3+V4+V5+V6+V7.

US Pat. No. 10,598,889

LIGHT GUIDE STRUCTURE AND LUMINOUS PAD HAVING THE SAME

HADES-GAMING CORPORATION,...

1. A light guide structure connected to a transmitter, comprising:a light guide tube provided with a wire channel, a first position, and at least one second position, wherein the first position and the at least one second position are disposed away from each other, wherein the wire channel is formed along the light guide tube;
a light source module disposed at the first position and electrically connected to the transmitter;
at least one electrical load disposed at the at least one second position; and
a transmission line set disposed inside the wire channel and electrically connected between the transmitter and the at least one electrical load.

US Pat. No. 10,598,888

INTERMITTENT CONNECTION TYPE OPTICAL FIBER RIBBON HAVING IMPROVED DENSITY, MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE RIBBON, OPTICAL FIBER CABLE, AND OPTICAL CABLE FIBER CODE

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTR...

1. An intermittent connection type optical fiber ribbon in which at least a part of a plurality of optical fibers in a state of being arranged to be in parallel come into contact with each other, and between a part or the entirety of the optical fibers, a connection portion at which the adjacent optical fibers are connected to each other with an adhesive resin, and a non-connection portion at which the adjacent optical fibers are not connected to each other with the adhesive resin, are intermittently provided in the longitudinal direction,wherein an outer diameter dimension of the optical fiber is equal to or less than 0.22 mm, and an inter-center distance of the adjacent optical fibers is 0.20±0.02 mm,
wherein at least a part of the outer periphery of the optical fiber has no adhesive resin attached thereto,
wherein the adjacent optical fibers of the connection portion are in contact with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,598,887

FACILITATING INSTALLATION OF FIBER OPTIC NETWORKS

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A fiber distribution system comprising:a cable arrangement including:
a first multi-fiber connection location, the first multi-fiber connection location being ruggedized and having a number of fiber positions;
a second multi-fiber connection location, the second multi-fiber connection location being ruggedized and having the same number of fiber positions as the first ruggedized multi-fiber connection location;
first fibers indexed between the first and second multi-fiber connection locations;
an optical splitter having a plurality of outputs terminated at a third multi-fiber connection location;
a first fiber line extending from the first multi-fiber connection location to an input of the optical splitter; and
a second fiber line extending from the second multi-fiber connection location to the input of the optical splitter so that each output of the optical splitter receives optical signals split from both the first and second fiber lines.

US Pat. No. 10,598,886

CABLE PULLING ASSEMBLY

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A cable pulling assembly for a fiber optic cable having a cable axis and comprising:an enclosure including:
a first member defining a first cavity, the first cavity being adapted to receive a portion of the end of the fiber optic cable;
a second member being selectively engaged to the first member to form the enclosure, the second member defining a second cavity, the second member being structurally identical to the first member;
wherein the enclosure is adapted to transfer a tensile force applied to the enclosure to a strength layer of the fiber optic cable; and
wherein the first and second members selectively engage each other to form the enclosure enclosing an end of the fiber optic cable and a tip of an optical fiber of the fiber optic cable, the first and second members extending beyond the tip of the optical fiber along both directions of the cable axis.

US Pat. No. 10,598,884

FIBER OPTIC CASSETTE SYSTEM WITH RELEASABLE ENGAGEMENT

BELDEN CANADA INC., (CA)...

15. A modular cassette for mounting with other like cassettes in a rack comprising a cassette receiving tray and interconnecting the terminated end of at least one first optic fiber with the terminated end of at least one second optic fiber, the tray comprising a plurality of cassette engaging features on an upper surface, the cassette comprising:a substantially flat rectangular housing comprising a substantially flat bottom surface;
a first optic fiber connector-receiving receptacle arranged along a cassette housing front face for receiving the terminated end of the at least one first optic fiber, a second optic fiber connector-receiving receptacle arranged along a cassette housing rear face for receiving the terminated end of the at least one second optic fiber, and at least one third optic fiber within said cassette housing, each of said at least one third optic fiber for interconnecting said terminated ends of respective ones of said at least one first optic fiber and said at least one second optic fiber;
a tray engaging feature extending from said bottom surface and configured for engaging with one of the cassette engaging features; and
a release mechanism comprising an actuator positioned on an upper surface of said cassette for selectively disengaging said tray engaging feature from the engaged one of the cassette engaging features.

US Pat. No. 10,598,883

LANYARD ORGANIZING TOOL FOR CABLE ASSEMBLY

AFL IG LLC, Kent, WA (US...

1. A lanyard organizing tool for organizing fiber optic cables, comprising: a chord member; a plurality of retainer dust caps attached to the chord member, the retainer dust caps each being releasably connectable to a terminating connector for a fiber optic cable; wherein the plurality of retainer dust caps each includes an aperture through which the chord member is passed; and wherein each of the retainer dust caps includes a release component accessible on opposite sides of the retainer dust cap, or at least a pair of release components with one release component of the at least a pair of release components being provided on each of opposite sides of the retainer dust cap, the release component or the pair of release components being resilient and compressible, whereby a user can squeeze the release component or squeeze the at least a pair of the release components simultaneously on opposite sides of the retainer dust cap, to release a corresponding terminating connector releasably connected to the retainer dust cap.

US Pat. No. 10,598,874

FABRICATION METHOD OF HIGH ASPECT RATIO SOLDER BUMPING WITH STUD BUMP AND INJECTION MOLDED SOLDER, AND FLIP CHIP JOINING WITH THE SOLDER BUMP

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for fabricating bumps on a substrate, the method comprising:preparing a substrate including a set of pads formed on a surface thereof;
forming a bump base on each pad of the substrate, each bump base having a body and a tip extending outwardly from the corresponding pad;
patterning a resist layer on the substrate to have a set of holes through the resist layer, each hole being aligned with the corresponding pad and having space configured to surround the tip of the bump base formed on the corresponding pad;
filling the set of the holes with conductive material to form a set of bumps on the substrate; and
stripping the resist layer from the substrate leaving the set of the bumps.

US Pat. No. 10,598,873

OPTICAL ALIGNMENT OF AN OPTICAL SUBASSEMBLY TO AN OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICE

CUDOQUANTA FLORIDA, INC.,...

1. An optoelectronic structure, comprising:an optoelectronic device, wherein the optoelectronic device comprises an optical alignment waveguide outside an active region of the optoelectronic device, wherein the alignment waveguide includes an input alignment grating coupler and an output alignment grating coupler; and
an optical subassembly optically aligned to the optoelectronic device, comprising:
a foundation, wherein the foundation comprises a body having a first alignment reflective surface and a second alignment reflective surface, wherein the first alignment reflective surface is configured to be accessible to an external optical source of an alignment optical signal, wherein the first alignment reflective surface reflects the alignment optical signal to the input alignment grating coupler, and the output alignment grating coupler directs the same alignment optical signal to the second alignment reflective surface, and wherein the second alignment reflective surface is accessible to an external optical receiver of the alignment optical signal; and
an optical bench subassembly demountably coupled to the foundation,
wherein the first alignment reflective surface defines a first optical path that directs the optical alignment signal from the optical source to the input alignment grating coupler of the alignment waveguide on the optoelectronic device, and the second alignment reflective surface defines a second optical path reflecting to the optical receiver the alignment signal directed from the output alignment grating coupler after the alignment signal has been transmitted from the input alignment grating coupler to the output alignment grating coupler through the alignment waveguide, so as to determine an optically aligned position between the foundation and the optoelectronic device.

US Pat. No. 10,598,872

OFF-AXIS MICRO-MIRROR ARRAYS FOR OPTICAL COUPLING IN POLYMER WAVEGUIDES

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A multi-chip module, comprising:a waveguide array;
an opening in the waveguide array; and
a micro-mirror array inserted in the opening in the waveguide array, wherein the micro-mirror array has a triangular prism shape with three elongated surfaces and two ends, and one or more ellipsoidal or paraboloidal protrusion(s) on one of the elongated surfaces, a first cuboid shaped block on a first end of the triangular prism, and a second cuboid shaped block on a second end of the triangular prism opposite the first end.

US Pat. No. 10,598,869

OPTICAL FIBER CONNECTOR ASSEMBLY AND CONNECTING SYSTEM

LOTES CO., LTD, Keelung ...

1. An optical fiber connector assembly, comprising:a fixing seat;
a sliding seat, movably mounted on the fixing seat, wherein a first accommodating groove and a second accommodating groove are concavely provided in sequence backward from a front end surface of the sliding seat and are intercommunicated with each other, a width of the second accommodating groove is less than a width of the first accommodating groove, and a step surface is provided between the first accommodating groove and the second accommodating groove; and
an optical fiber connector, mounted on the sliding seat and floatable with respect to the fixing seat along a front-rear direction, a left-right direction and a vertical direction, the optical fiber connector comprising an insulating seat having a mating section and a connecting section connected to a rear end of the mating section, and a plurality of optical fibers being received in the mating section and extending to the connecting section, a front end of each of the optical fibers being exposed on a front end of the mating section, wherein the mating section is located in the first accommodating groove, the connecting section is partially accommodated in the second accommodating groove, and the step surface is located behind the mating section to stop the mating section from moving backward.

US Pat. No. 10,598,865

OPTICAL FIBER CONNECTION SYSTEM

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A fiber optic connector for terminating an optical fiber, the fiber optic connector comprising:a housing extending between a proximal end and a distal end, the housing adapted to attach to the optical fiber; and
a sheath slidably connected to the housing, the sheath slidable between an extended configuration and a retracted configuration, the sheath adapted to slide over an end portion of the optical fiber that extends beyond the distal end of the housing when the sheath is slid to the extended configuration, the sheath adapted to slide over the end portion of the optical fiber to expose the end portion of the optical fiber when the sheath is slid to the retracted configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,598,862

OPTICAL MODULATOR

SUMITOMO OSAKA CEMENT CO....

1. An optical element module, comprising:a substrate;
an optical modulator unit that is formed in the substrate and includes an optical waveguide;
a first lens unit that is disposed on an end surface of the substrate in direct contact, and includes a lens portion at which a signal light beam emitted from the optical modulator unit is collimated; and
a second lens unit that introduces the signal light beam passing through the first lens unit to an optical fiber,
wherein the optical modulator unit includes a Mach-Zehnder type optical waveguide,
a Y-branch coupler of the Mach-Zehnder type optical waveguide includes an output waveguide through which a signal light beam is guided, and a radiated light beam waveguide through which a radiated light beam is guided,
a light-receiving element disposed on the radiated light beam waveguide,
an unnecessary light beam removing unit, which suppresses input of a higher-order mode light beam propagating through the output waveguide or a leaked light beam propagating through the inside of the substrate into the optical fiber through the lens portions of the first lens unit, is provided between the output waveguide and the radiated light beam waveguide and between the light-receiving element and an end of the substrate, and
the unnecessary light beam removing unit is a slab waveguide that is formed on the substrate and is formed by a part in which the gap between the output waveguide and the slab waveguide is constant and the other part in which a gap between the output waveguide and the slab waveguide becomes wide toward the end surface of the substrate, and is formed so that a length of the part along the outside waveguide is smaller than the length of the other part along the outside waveguide, and is formed so that at the end surface of the substrate, a maximum value of the gap between the output waveguide and the slab waveguide is 2 times wider than a mode field diameter of the output waveguide and is formed to prevent the unnecessary light beam radiated from the end of the slab waveguide from being input to the optical fiber through the first lens unit and the second lens unit.

US Pat. No. 10,598,860

PHOTONIC DIE FAN OUT PACKAGE WITH EDGE FIBER COUPLING INTERFACE AND RELATED METHODS

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A photonic integrated circuit (PIC) fan-out package, comprising:an overmold body;
a PIC die in the overmold body, the PIC die including electro-optical circuitry having an optical waveguide system, wherein a surface of the PIC die is exposed in an upper surface of the overmold body;
a heat spreader thermally coupled to the exposed surface of the PIC die;
a plurality of optical fiber stubs operatively coupled to the optical waveguide system and extending from a lateral side of the PIC die through a portion of the overmold body;
an edge fiber coupling interface in a lateral side of the overmold body for coupling the plurality of optical fiber stubs to external optical fibers using a connector;
an ancillary device in the overmold body;
a redistribution wiring layer (RDL) interposer adjacent the overmold body and electrically connected to the PIC die and the ancillary device; and
a ball grid array (BGA) electrically coupled to the PIC die and the ancillary device by the RDL interposer, the BGA configured to electrically couple the PIC die and the ancillary device to a printed circuit board (PCB).

US Pat. No. 10,598,857

TECHNIQUES FOR REDUCING POLARIZATION, WAVELENGTH AND TEMPERATURE DEPENDENT LOSS, AND WAVELENGTH PASSBAND WIDTH IN FIBEROPTIC COMPONENTS

DICON FIBEROPTICS, INC., ...

1. An optical component, comprising:a first optical fiber terminating in a first end and having an inner core radially surrounded by an outer cladding, the inner core having a higher index of refraction than an index of refraction of the outer cladding;
a second optical fiber terminating in a second end and having an inner core radially surrounded by an outer cladding, the inner core having a higher index of refraction than an index of refraction of the outer cladding, the second end of the second optical fiber proximate to the first end of the first optical fiber; and
a reflective end structure covering the first end of the first optical fiber and having a transparent aperture, the first and second optical fibers aligned such that light transmitted from the inner core of the second end of the second optical fiber and incident on the reflective end structure is transmitted through the transparent aperture to the inner core of the first end of the first optical fiber, and the first and second optical fibers are further aligned such that at least a portion of light transmitted from the second end of the second optical fiber that is incident upon the reflective end structure is reflected back toward the second end of the second optical fiber, and the optical component is configured to monitor the light reflected toward the second end of the second optical fiber and propagated back through the second optical fiber.

US Pat. No. 10,598,856

METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING A FIBER OPTIC SPLICE

The United States of Amer...

1. A method of splicing optical fiber, the method comprising:preparing a first optical fiber end and a second optical fiber end;
in response to a user interaction with an actuator, inserting, by a first motor assembly, the first prepared optical fiber end a first distance into a capillary, wherein the capillary comprises a resin;
inserting, by a second motor assembly, the second prepared optical fiber end a second distance into the capillary;
moving, by the first motor assembly, the first prepared optical fiber end a third distance in the capillary wherein the third distance is determined, at least in part, by a force measurement; and
activating an ultraviolet light, such that the ultraviolet light cures the resin.

US Pat. No. 10,598,851

LIGHT DIFFUSER

NANO-LIT TECHNOLOGIES LIM...

1. A luminaire comprising:a first light source,
a second light source,
an active diffuser arranged to diffuse light from the first light source;
a sensor for detecting light emitted from at least one of the first light source and from the luminaire and to determine detected light data including a relative wavelength composition and intensity; and
a control system for adjusting the light emitted by the second light source in response to the detected light data from the sensor; and
wherein the second light source comprises quantum dots and one or more energy sources arranged to stimulate the quantum dots to emit light.

US Pat. No. 10,598,849

OPTICAL DEVICE HAVING EO POLYMER CORE AND SPECIALLY-POLYMERIZED CLAD

SUMITOMO OSAKA CEMENT CO....

1. An optical device comprising:a core layer that includes an EO polymer; and
clad layers that are disposed on and beneath the core layer,
wherein a polymer polymerized in a composition containing a reactive ionic liquid is used in the clad layers.

US Pat. No. 10,598,847

LIGHT SOURCE MODULE AND PRISM SHEET THEREOF

Nano Precision Taiwan Lim...

1. A light source module, comprising:a light guide plate, comprising a light emitting surface, a bottom surface opposite to the light emitting surface, and a light incident surface connected to the light emitting surface and the bottom surface;
a light source, disposed on the light incident surface of the light guide plate, wherein the light source is adapted to emit a beam into the light guide plate through a transmission of the light incident surface;
a first prism sheet, disposed on the light emitting surface of the light guide plate, wherein the first prism sheet comprises a plurality of first prism units, and the plurality of first prism units face a direction away from the light emitting surface;
a second prism sheet, wherein the first prism sheet is located between the light emitting surface of the light guide plate and the second prism sheet, the second prism sheet comprises a plurality of second prism units extending in a first direction, and the plurality of second prism units face the direction away from the light emitting surface; and
a third prism sheet, wherein the second prism sheet is located between the first prism sheet and the third prism sheet, the third prism sheet comprises a plurality of third prism units extending in a second direction, the plurality of third prism units face the direction away from the light emitting surface, and the second direction is perpendicular to the first direction,
wherein the first prism sheet further comprises a first substrate, the first substrate has a top surface facing the second prism sheet, the plurality of first prism units are connected to the top surface, each of the plurality of first prism units comprises a first inclined surface close to the light source and a second inclined surface away from the light source, the first inclined surface is adjacent to and connects with the second inclined surface, there is a first included angle between the first inclined surface and the top surface, and there is a second included angle between the second inclined surface and the top surface.

US Pat. No. 10,598,844

WAVELENGTH CONVERSION MEMBER, AND LIGHT-EMITTING APPARATUS, LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT, LIGHT SOURCE APPARATUS, AND DISPLAY APPARATUS USING SAME

NS MATERIALS INC., Fukuo...

1. A wavelength conversion member comprising:a container comprising a light incident surface, a light emission surface facing the light incident surface, and a side face connecting the light incident surface and the light emission surface, the container being provided with a storage space that is at least inside the side face;
a wavelength conversion substance disposed in the storage space; and
a colored layer disposed on the side face and extending onto an end portion of the light emission surface, the end portion facing the light incident surface and a lateral region of the container, the lateral region of the container being between the storage space and the side face,
wherein the colored layer is formed directly on the container without extending to a position on the light emission surface that faces the wavelength conversion substance.

US Pat. No. 10,598,843

METHOD OF PRODUCING WAVELENGTH CONVERTING MEMBER

NS MATERIALS INC., Fukuo...

1. A method of producing a wavelength converting member, the method comprising:obtaining an elongated bar-shaped molding that does not contain any internal air-bubbles therein, the molding provided with a plurality of types of quantum dots having different absorption wavelengths, the molding being formed as a resin composition in which the quantum dots are dispersed and having a shape that fits into an elongated receiving space of a receptacle; and
inserting the molding into the elongated receiving space of the receptacle,
wherein the elongated receiving space is defined by inner surfaces of a light entrance surface and a light exit surface of the receptacle, the elongated receiving space including an opening, and
wherein the molding is inserted, while being press-fit, into the elongated receiving space via the opening, whereupon the molding and the receptacle are tightly fixed to each other such that no gaps remain between the molding and the receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,598,839

CIRCULAR POLARIZER FOR ORGANIC EL DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING LAMINATED HALF WAVELENGTH PLATE AND QUARTER WAVELENGTH PLATE, AND ORGANIC EL DISPLAY DEVICE

NITTO DENKO CORPORATION, ...

1. An elongated circularly polarizing plate for an organic EL display apparatus, comprising in the following order:an elongated polarizer having an absorption axis in a longitudinal direction thereof;
an elongated first retardation layer functioning as a ?/2 plate; and
an elongated second retardation layer functioning as a ?/4 plate,
wherein:
an angle formed between the absorption axis of the elongated polarizer and a slow axis of the elongated first retardation layer is from 15° to 30°;
the absorption axis of the elongated polarizer and a slow axis of the elongated second retardation layer are substantially perpendicular to each other;
the elongated first retardation layer comprises an obliquely stretched resin film;
the elongated first retardation layer has a slow axis in a direction at an angle from 15° to 30° with respect to a longitudinal direction of the elongated first retardation layer, and
a laminate of the elongated first retardation layer and the elongated second retardation layer has a ratio Re(450)/Re(550) of from 0.86 to 0.96, and has a ratio Re(650)/Re(550) of from 1.03 to 1.10.

US Pat. No. 10,598,838

PIXEL LEVEL POLARIZER FOR FLEXIBLE DISPLAY PANELS

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A display panel stack, comprising:a plurality of light illumination elements; and
a digital polarizer comprising a plurality of nanostructures, for each one of the plurality of light illumination elements, the digital polarizers to polarize light emitted from the plurality of light illumination elements.

US Pat. No. 10,598,834

NEAR-INFRARED LIGHT BLOCKING OPTICAL FILTER HAVING HIGH VISIBLE LIGHT TRANSMISSION AND AN IMAGING DEVICE USING THE OPTICAL FILTER

AGC Inc., Chiyoda-ku (JP...

1. An optical filter, comprising:an absorption layer and
a reflection layer,
wherein the optical filter satisfies requirements (i-1), (i-2), and (i-3):
(i-1) in a spectral transmittance curve for a 0° incident angle, an average transmittance for 430 to 620 nm wavelength light is 65% or more, and a wavelength exhibiting a 50% transmittance is in a 600 to 700 nm wavelength region;
(i-2) in a 615 to 725 nm wavelength region, an average value of absolute values of differences in transmittance between the spectral transmittance curve for the 0° incident angle and a spectral transmittance curve for a 30° incident angle is 8%/nm or less; and
(i-3) in a spectral transmittance curve for a 60° incident angle, a maximum transmittance for 730 to 1000 urn wavelength light is 15% or less.

US Pat. No. 10,598,828

OPTICAL FILM LAMINATE USED FOR CONTINUOUS LAMINATION TO PANEL COMPONENT

NITTO DENKO CORPORATION, ...

1. A method for continuously manufacturing an optical display device by, feeding a continuous web of optical film laminate including a continuous web of releasable film having a width at least corresponding to a dimension of a panel member, and an optical film sheet continuously supported by an adhesive layer formed on the releasable film, bending the releasable film at a tip end forming a front end of a peeling body having a cross section of wedged shape wherein the tip end is configured at a position in close vicinity of a predetermined lamination position, collecting the releasable film and thereby peeling the optical film sheet with the adhesive layer from the optical film laminate and sending the optical film sheet to the predetermined lamination position, and laminating the optical film sheet by the adhesive layer with the panel member which is conveyed to the predetermined lamination position by a panel conveying channel which makes at least a double-storied structure with a portion of a collecting channel of the releasable film being collected,wherein, in the optical film laminate, a first conductive layer is formed between the optical film sheet and the adhesive layer formed on one of opposite surfaces of the optical film sheet, and a second conductive layer is formed between a releasably treated layer formed on a releasable film surface opposing the adhesive layer and the releasable film,
the method including steps of:
feeding the optical film laminate without allowing loosening until the optical film sheet reaches the tip end of the peeling body,
peeling the optical film laminate at the tip end to be separated into the optical film sheet supported by the adhesive layer being sent toward the predetermined lamination position and the releasable film being bent at the tip end to be collected so that at least a portion thereof makes a double-storied structure with the panel conveying channel,
forming a conductive layer from the optical film sheet through the releasable film when lamination of the optical film sheet with the panel member by the adhesive layer is initiated at the predetermined lamination position, by positioning the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer on a peeling surface side of the optical film sheet and the releasable film from the predetermined lamination position toward a conveying direction of the releasable film being bent at the tip end and conveyed, and attenuating static electrification generated on the peeling surface side of the optical film sheet when the optical film sheet is peeled with the adhesive layer from the releasable film, and static electrification generated on the peeling surface side of the releasable film when the releasable film is peeled from the adhesive layer, by continuously conducting electricity from the predetermined lamination position toward the conveying direction of the releasable film being bent at the tip end and conveyed, and
continuously laminating the optical film sheet which static electrification is attenuated, with the panel member at the predetermined lamination position.

US Pat. No. 10,598,826

PRECURSOR SOL OF ALUMINUM OXIDE OPTICAL MEMBER AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING OPTICAL MEMBER

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

2. An optical member comprising:a layer on a surface of a base, the layer mainly containing aluminum oxide and having a textured structure formed of aluminum oxide crystals,
wherein the optical member meets the following expression (2):
Y?2.62  (2)
where letting the number of aluminum atoms obtained by analyzing a surface of the optical member using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy at a photoelectron take-off angle of 75° be 1, Y represents the ratio of the number of oxygen atoms to the number of aluminum atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,598,825

SOFT SILICONE MEDICAL DEVICES WITH DURABLE LUBRICIOUS COATINGS THEREON

Alcon Inc., Fribourg (CH...

1. A method for producing a medical device which includes a silicone substrate and a hydrogel coating thereon, comprising the steps of:(1) obtaining a silicone substrate in a dry state, wherein the silicone substrate is made of a crosslinked silicone material which has three-dimensional polymer networks, is insoluble in water, and can hold less than 7.5% by weight of water when fully hydrated;
(2) subjecting the silicone substrate in the dry state to a surface treatment to form a base coating comprising a prime plasma layer and a reactive polymer layer, wherein the surface treatment comprises the sub-steps of
(a) plasma-treating the surface of the silicone substrate in the dry state with a plasma to form the prime plasma layer on the silicone substrate, wherein the prime plasma layer has a thickness of less than about 40 nm, wherein the plasma is generated in a plasma gas composed of air, CO2, or a mixture of a C1-C6 hydrocarbon and a secondary gas selected from the group consisting of air, CO2, N2, and combinations thereof, and
(b) contacting the plasma-treated silicone substrate with a first aqueous solution including a reactive hydrophilic polymer to form a reactive polymer layer, wherein the reactive hydrophilic polymer has multiple reactive functional groups selected from the group consisting of carboxyl groups, primary amine groups, secondary amine groups, and combinations thereof; and
(3) heating the silicone substrate with the base coating thereon obtained in step (2), in a second aqueous solution which comprises a water-soluble and thermally-crosslinkable hydrophilic polymeric material having azetidinium groups and optionally amino or carboxyl groups, at a temperature of from about 60° C. to about 140° C. for a time period sufficient to crosslink the water-soluble thermally-crosslinkable hydrophilic polymeric material and the base coating so as to obtain the medical device which comprises the silicone substrate and a hydrogel coating thereon, wherein the medical device in fully hydrated state has a WBUT of at least about 5 seconds and a friction rating of about 3 or lower, wherein the hydrogel coating is thermodynamically stable as characterized by having a dry-storage-induced reduction in WBUT after i days of dry storage, designated as ?WBUTDS(i), of about 45% or less and optionally a dry-storage-induced increase in friction rating after i days of dry storage at room temperature, ?FRDS(i), of about 60% or less, wherein
in which WBUTDS@0 and FRDS@0 are the WBUT and the friction rating of the medical device in fully-hydrated state at day zero of dry storage and are determined before the medical device is dehydrated and stored in air at room temperature, and WBUTDS@i and FRDS@i are the WBUT and the friction rating of the medical device in fully hydrated state at i days of dry storage and are determined after the medical device has been fully dehydrated and stored in air at room temperature for at least i days and then has been fully rehydrated before determining the WBUT and the friction rating, wherein i is an integer of 2 or larger.

US Pat. No. 10,598,824

OPHTHALMIC LENS WITH REDUCED WARPAGE

Essilor International, C...

1. An ophthalmic lens comprising:a thermoplastic substrate made of a resin composition comprising units resulting from polymerization of at least the three following monomers:
at least one (C1-C10) alkyl (meth)acrylate monomer;
at least one cyclic anhydride monomer; and
at least one vinyl aromatic monomer; and
a light polarizing structure comprising a film made of polyvinylalcohol;
wherein the (C1-C10) alkyl (meth)acrylate monomer is methyl methacrylate, the cyclic anhydride monomer is maleic acid anhydride, and the vinyl aromatic monomer is styrene.

US Pat. No. 10,598,823

FILMS INCLUDING TRIAZINE-BASED ULTRAVIOLET ABSORBERS

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A retroreflective sheeting, comprising:a plurality of cube corner elements; and
a body layer adjacent to the cube corner elements, the body layer comprising poly(ethylene-co-acrylic acid) and an unreacted triazine-based UVA chosen from:

US Pat. No. 10,598,819

SYSTEMS AND METHODS TO BUILD SEDIMENTARY ATTRIBUTES

EMERSON PARADIGM HOLDING ...

1. A method to visualize geological attributes that represent geological properties of particles of one or more geologic horizons, the method comprising:in one or more computer processors:
receiving, based on measured geological data of the particles of the geological horizons in a present-day configuration of the geological horizons in present-day geological coordinates, a geological-time coordinate representing predicted time periods when the particles of the geologic horizons were originally formed, wherein the geological-time coordinate has level sets that are coincident with the geologic horizons;
determining a vector field tangent to normal-lines of the geologic horizons and parallel to the gradient of the geological-time coordinate;
determining a vector field of curvature of the normal-lines deduced from the vector field tangent to the normal-lines, wherein the vector field of curvature of the normal-lines corresponds to lateral variations of sedimentation rate along a layer; and
displaying on the geological horizons or on a cross-section the geological attribute that is the curvature vector field of the normal-lines or a function derived from the vector field of curvature of the normal-lines within the geological horizons with respect to the present-day geological coordinates.

US Pat. No. 10,598,817

LOCAL LAYER GEOMETRY ENGINE WITH WORK ZONE GENERATED FROM BUFFER DEFINED RELATIVE TO A WELLBORE TRAJECTORY

Schlumberger Technology C...

1. A method for modeling a subsurface formation, comprising:generating, by a hardware processor, a work zone associated with a length of a wellbore for display on a computer display, wherein in a cross-sectional plane taken transverse to the wellbore, the work zone is a two-dimensional closed region;
populating the work zone with attributes based on seismic sensor data collected along the length of the well bore;
generating, by the hardware processor, a visualization of the work zone including a plurality of layers and boundaries respectively between the layers, the plurality of layers respectively being associated with the attributes; and
building a computer model of a region of the subsurface formation based upon positions of the boundaries in the work zone.

US Pat. No. 10,598,816

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR RELATIVE DIP CORRECTION

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:collecting, using a logging tool within a borehole, induced electromagnetic signal data for at least two frequencies and at least two different borehole depths;
correcting relative dip effect for the electromagnetic signal data using a first set of two or more relative dip angles, including,
generating a first formation model based on each of the first set of two or more relative dip angles;
generating a second formation model based on a reference relative dip angle;
determining a dip factor as a function of the first and second formation models; and
applying the dip factor to the electromagnetic signal data to generate a first plurality of dip effect corrected resistivity curves;
selecting a second set of relative dip angles based on variances within the first plurality of dip effect corrected resistivity curves; and
correcting relative dip effect for the electromagnetic signal data using the second set of relative dip angles.

US Pat. No. 10,598,812

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THE AUTOMATIC DETECTION OF LITHIUM BATTERIES IN CARGO, BAGGAGE, PARCELS, AND OTHER CONTAINERS

Rapiscan Systems, Inc., ...

1. An inspection system for detecting a presence of a material having an effective atomic number in a range of 14 to 20 in cargo, comprising:at least two X-ray sources;
at least one detector array corresponding to the at least two X-ray sources; and,
a processing unit comprising at least one processor, memory, and programmatic instructions, wherein, through an operation of the at least one processor, the memory, and the programmatic instructions, said processing unit is configured to:
obtain transmission X-ray data representative of a radiographic image;
normalize said X-ray data;
generates image data from said normalized data;
segment said image data based on pixel data representative of an amount of organic content in the material;
identify at least one region of interest in said image data based on said segmentation, wherein said at least one region of interest comprises a plurality of characteristics; and
classify said at least one region of interest as containing the material having an effective atomic number in a range of 14 to 20 based on the plurality of characteristics of said at least one region of interest.

US Pat. No. 10,598,806

ESTIMATING A TIME VARIANT SIGNAL REPRESENTING A SEISMIC SOURCE

CGG SERVICES SAS, Massy ...

1. A method for determining a direct arrival energy, the method comprising:obtaining notional source data representing a seismic source, from far-field seismic data;
obtaining a source position for the seismic source;
obtaining a receiver position for a seismic receiver that records seismic data due to energy emitted by the seismic source;
determining a direct arrival energy at the receiver position using the source position, the receiver position, and the notional source data,
subtracting the direct arrival energy determined using the source position, the receiver position, and the notional source data from the seismic data; and
using the seismic data remaining after subtracting the direct arrival energy to generate an image of the subsurface.

US Pat. No. 10,598,805

DETERMINING NODE DEPTH AND WATER COLUMN TRANSIT VELOCITY

Magseis FF LLC, Houston,...

1. A method of detecting seismic data acquisition unit depth and acoustic signal water column transit velocity for a seismic survey, comprising:acquiring, by a plurality of seismic data acquisition units, seismic data responsive to an acoustic signal propagated from an acoustic source through a water column;
obtaining, by a data processing system comprising one or more processors, memory, a depth value generation module and a water column transit velocity generation module, the seismic data acquired by the plurality of seismic data acquisition units disposed on a seabed responsive to the acoustic signal propagated from the acoustic source through the water column, wherein one or more of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units has a timing error;
determining, by the data processing system, from the seismic data, a direct arrival time for the acoustic signal at each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units;
obtaining, by the data processing system, an estimated depth value of each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units and an estimated water column transit velocity of the acoustic signal;
determining, by the data processing system, a modeled travel time for each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units based on the estimated depth value and the estimated water column transit velocity;
identifying, by the data processing system, a travel time error value for each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units based on a difference between the modeled travel time and the direct arrival time for the acoustic signal at each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units;
identifying, by the data processing system, an average travel time error value based on the travel time error value for each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units;
determining, by the data processing system, an initial mean absolute deviation of travel time error based on a difference between the travel time error for each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units and the average travel time error value;
adjusting, by the data processing system with a depth model, the estimated depth value to identify an updated depth value, the updated depth value more precise than the estimated depth value;
adjusting, by the data processing system with a water column transit velocity model, the estimated water column transit velocity to an updated water column transit velocity, the updated water column transit velocity more precise than the estimated water column transit velocity;
determining, by the data processing system, an updated modeled travel time for each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units based on the updated depth value and the updated water column transit velocity;
identifying, by the data processing system, an updated travel time error value for each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units based on a difference between the updated modeled travel time and the direct arrival time for the acoustic signal at each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units;
identifying, by the data processing system, an updated average travel time error value based on the updated travel time error value for each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units;
determining, by the data processing system, an updated mean absolute deviation of travel time error based on a difference between the updated travel time error value for each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units and the updated average travel time error value;
comparing, by the data processing system, the updated mean absolute deviation of travel time error with the initial mean absolute deviation of travel time error;
creating, by the data processing system responsive to the comparison of the updated mean absolute deviation of travel time error with the initial mean absolute deviation of travel time error, a data structure indicating the updated depth value for each of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units, the updated depth value correcting for the one or more of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units having the timing error; and
using, by the data processing system, the data structure indicating the updated depth value more precise than the estimated depth value and correcting for the one or more of the plurality of seismic data acquisition units having the timing error to detect a presence or absence of at least one of subsurface geologic boundaries, layers, formations, mineral, or hydrocarbon deposits.

US Pat. No. 10,598,802

DETECTOR UNIT FOR DETECTOR ARRAY OF RADIATION IMAGING MODALITY

Analogic Corporation, Pe...

1. A detector unit for a radiation detector array, comprising:a radiation detection sub-assembly comprising:
a scintillator configured to generate luminescent photons based upon radiation photons impinging thereon; and
a photodetector array comprising one or more photodetectors configured to detect at least some of the luminescent photons and to generate an analog signal based upon the at least some of the luminescent photons;
a first routing layer coupled to the photodetector array of the radiation detection sub-assembly at a first surface of the first routing layer; and
an electronics sub-assembly coupled to a second surface of the first routing layer, the electronics sub-assembly comprising:
an analog-to-digital (A/D) converter configured to convert the analog signal to a digital signal;
a second routing layer disposed between the A/D converter and the first routing layer, the second routing layer configured to couple the electronics sub-assembly to the first routing layer; and
a first coupling element configured to couple the A/D converter to the second routing layer.

US Pat. No. 10,598,795

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR DETECTING POTENTIAL INTERFERENCE WITH A TRACKING DEVICE ASSOCIATED WITH A VEHICLE

Verizon Patent and Licens...

1. A method comprising:determining, by a monitoring system based on motion data acquired by a tracking device associated with a vehicle, that the vehicle travels at least a threshold distance between when the vehicle begins moving and when the vehicle stops moving;
identifying, by the monitoring system, a time period during which the vehicle travels at least the threshold distance, the identifying of the time period during which the vehicle travels at least the threshold distance comprising
identifying, based on timestamp data acquired by the tracking device, a first timestamp corresponding to when the vehicle begins moving and a second timestamp corresponding to when the vehicle stops moving, and
designating a difference between the second timestamp and the first timestamp as the time period during which the vehicle travels at least the threshold distance;
accessing, by the monitoring system, a global positioning system (GPS) signal acquired by the tracking device during the time period;
identifying, based on the GPS signal acquired by the tracking device during the time period, a first geographic location corresponding to a particular point of time included in the time period;
applying, by the monitoring system, a triangulation heuristic to a wireless network signal transmitted by the tracking device during the time period;
identifying, by the monitoring system based on the applying of the triangulation heuristic to the wireless network signal, a second geographic location corresponding to the particular point in time included in the time period;
determining, by the monitoring system, that the second geographic location is outside a predetermined distance from the first geographic location;
determining, by the monitoring system based on the determination that the second geographic location is outside the predetermined distance from the first geographic location, that the GPS signal includes a counterfeit GPS signal instead of a legitimate GPS signal for an amount of time during the time period, the amount of time including the particular point in time;
determining, by the monitoring system, based on the determining that the GPS signal includes the counterfeit GPS signal, that the tracking device is potentially being interfered with during the time period; and
providing, by the monitoring system in response to the determining that the tracking device is potentially being interfered with during the time period, a notification to an entity that manages the vehicle, the notification including information that indicates a type of interference used to interfere with the tracking device, information that identifies at least one of the tracking device and the vehicle, and a possible location of the interference.

US Pat. No. 10,598,793

NAVIGATION FOR A ROBOTIC WORK TOOL

HUSQVARNA AB, Huskvarna ...

1. A robotic work tool comprising a Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) device for determining a current position of the robotic work tool and at least one deduced reckoning navigation sensor, the deduced reckoning navigation sensor being configured to provide signals for deduced reckoning navigation,wherein the robotic work tool is configured to:
in response to the GNSS device determining the current position, operate based on the current position,
in response to the GNSS device no longer being able to determine the current position, continue operating using the deduced reckoning navigation,
determine that the GNSS device is again able to determine the current position and in response thereto determine an expected navigation parameter based on control data for the deduced reckoning navigation, the expected navigation parameter comprising an expected position and an expected direction of the robotic work tool,
compare the expected navigation parameter to a current navigation parameter to determine a navigation error, the current navigation parameter comprising the current position and a current direction of the robotic work tool,
determine if the navigation error is negligible,
in response to the navigation error not being negligible, cause the robotic work tool to change a trajectory to accommodate for the navigation error,
by aligning the trajectory with an expected trajectory of the robotic work tool, wherein the expected trajectory is determined as being along the expected direction originating from the expected position of the robotic work tool, and
wherein the robotic work tool is further configured to:
perform the change of the trajectory by returning to a position that has been passed and should have been visited and aligning the trajectory with the expected direction originating from the expected position, said position that should have been visited being aligned with the expected direction originating from the expected position and not coinciding with the expected position, and
wherein the position that should have been visited is determined to be a point in an area in which the GNSS navigation is not possible or the position that should have been visited is a position where a GNSS signal could have been received again but along the expected trajectory.

US Pat. No. 10,598,792

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE AND POSITIONING DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An information processing device comprising:processing circuitry configured to:
degrade, according to a communication channel, augmentation information with which a positioning error on an order of centimeters is realized and which is updated in a predetermined update cycle, includes a plurality of error values, and is used to correct a satellite positioning error into augmentation information with which a positioning error on an order of decimeters is realized; and
output the augmentation information after being degraded to the communication channel to a positioning device.

US Pat. No. 10,598,790

MODULAR LIGHT DETECTION AND RANGING DEVICE OF A VEHICULAR NAVIGATION SYSTEM

ESSENTIAL PRODUCTS, INC.,...

1. A light detection and ranging (LIDAR) system comprising:a modular LIDAR device removably affixable to a vehicle windshield, the modular LIDAR device including:
(i) a scanner component removably affixable to an external surface of the vehicle windshield, the scanner component including:
a light source operable to emit light in a direction toward an object in an environment relative to the vehicle and away from the vehicle windshield;
a light detector operable to receive at least a portion of the emitted light reflected off the object in the environment relative to the vehicle;
a communications transmitter operable to wirelessly transmit LIDAR data through the vehicle windshield, the LIDAR data being indicative of a distance to the object relative to the scanner component based on the light reflected off the object;
a power receiver operable to wirelessly obtain power for the scanner component; and
a bonding agent operable to removably affix the scanner component to the external surface of the vehicle windshield; and
(ii) a base component structurally separate from the scanner component and removably affixable to an interior surface of the vehicle windshield such that the base component couples to the scanner component through the vehicle windshield without physically contacting the scanner component, the base component including:
a power transmitter operable to inductively supply power for the power receiver of the scanner component such that the base component inductively couples to the scanner component through the vehicle windshield without physically contacting the scanner component;
a communications receiver operable to wirelessly receive the LIDAR data transmitted by the communications transmitter of the scanner component such that the base component communicatively couples to the scanner component through the vehicle windshield without physically contacting the scanner component; and
a processor operable to process the LIDAR data received b the communications receiver through the vehicle windshield, wherein the output of the processor includes signals for controlling semi-autonomous or autonomous navigation functions of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,598,789

MOUNTING A LASER TRANSCEIVER TO AN AIRCRAFT

Honeywell International I...

1. An aircraft comprising:a fuselage;
a laser transceiver configured to transmit one or more laser light beams, wherein the laser transceiver is mounted to the aircraft at a waterline location along the center of the fuselage of the aircraft, wherein the center is between the top and bottom of the fuselage, at a location comprising a hole that remains after an angle of attack vane has been removed, wherein the laser transceiver has dimensions equal to the angle of attack vane, and wherein the laser transceiver is configured to measure an angle of attack of the aircraft.

US Pat. No. 10,598,786

OBJECT STATE DETERMINING APPARATUS AND OBJECT STATE DETERMINING METHOD

PixArt Imaging Inc., Hsi...

1. An object state determining apparatus, comprising:a first light source, configured to generate first light in a first direction, wherein first reflected light is generated while the first light is emitted to at least one first finger of a hand;
a second light source, configured to generate second light in a second direction, wherein second reflected light is generated while the second light is emitted to at least one second finger of the hand;
at least one light sensor, configured to sense a first light amount of the first reflected light and a second light amount of the second reflected light; and
a determining unit, configured to determine a closed state of the hand based on the first light amount and the second light amount while the object state determining apparatus is located on a palm of the hand, wherein the closed state is formed by at least one of the first finger, at least one of the second finger and the palm;
wherein the object state determining apparatus further comprises:
a third light source, configured to generate third light in a third direction, wherein third reflected light is generated while the third light is emitted to the hand;
wherein the second light source and the third light source are located at different locations of the object state determining apparatus;
wherein the light sensor senses a third light amount of the third reflected light;
wherein the determining unit determines the hand is in a closed state while the second light amount is larger than the second threshold value and the third light amount is larger than a third threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,598,785

HYBRID TRANSMITTER RECEIVER OPTICAL IMAGING SYSTEM

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF T...

1. An image capture device comprising:N optical transmit antennas forming a first array, wherein N is an integer;
N phase modulators each associated with and adapted to control a phase of a different one of the transmit antennas;
M optical receive antennas forming a second array, wherein M is an integer;
M phase modulators each associated with and adapted to control a phase of a different one of the receive antennas;
a controller adapted to control phases of the first and second plurality of phase modulators to capture an image of an object;
an optical splitter adapted to split a received coherent optical signal into N optical signals and deliver the N optical signals to the N phase modulators;
an optical signal combiner adapted to combine M optical signals received from M receive antennas to generate a combined received optical signal; and
a detector adapted to detect whether the combined received optical signal represents an image of one or more points of the object.

US Pat. No. 10,598,782

MOVING OBJECT DETECTION DEVICE USING ULTRASONIC SENSOR, METHOD THEREOF, AND WARNING SYSTEM USING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A warning system of a vehicle, the warning system comprising:a memory; and
a processor configured to execute instructions stored in the memory and to:
divide a sensing distance of an ultrasonic sensor into a plurality of regions;
when an intensity of a reflected signal of a plurality of reflected signals exceeds a predetermined threshold in a region of the plurality of regions, detect a region of the plurality of regions as a region of interest (ROI);
detect a moving object based on changes in the ROI;
output a warning message or image;
output various warning sounds;
when the moving object detection device detects a stationary object, output the warning message or image;
when the moving object detection device detects a moving object, warn a driver; and
when a ROI of first reflected signal of the plurality of reflected signals does not correspond to a ROI of any subsequent reflected signal of the plurality of reflected signals, determine an object in the ROI of the first reflected signal as a moving object.

US Pat. No. 10,598,781

COOPERATIVE AND CROWD-SOURCED MULTIFUNCTIONAL AUTOMOTIVE RADAR

MaxLinear, Inc., Carlsba...

1. A system comprising:a radar transceiver receiver that comprises transmitter circuitry, processing circuitry, and receiver circuitry, wherein:
the transmitter circuitry is operable to transmit millimeter wave bursts for reflection off of objects near the radar transceiver;
the receiver circuitry is operable to receive millimeter wave bursts via a plurality of antennas and generate digital signals for processing; and
the processing circuitry is operable to:
process digital signals generated from one or more received millimeter wave bursts to generate a first scene representation that is an average of scene representations generated by one or more transceivers external to the radar transceiver;
process digital signals generated from one or more different received millimeter wave bursts received from reflections of millimeter wave bursts transmitted by the radar transmitter circuitry to generate a second scene representation;
compare the first scene representation and the second scene representation to determine if any dynamic objects are in the second scene representation based on the comparison; and
generate a control signal based on the determination of any dynamic objects.

US Pat. No. 10,598,775

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING A DISTANCE BETWEEN A CONDUCTED ELECTRICAL WEAPON AND A TARGET

Axon Enterprise, Inc., S...

12. A method for determining a distance between a conducted electrical weapon (“CEW”) and a human or animal target, the method performed by the CEW, the method comprising:repeating at a first frequency:
charging a first capacitance to a first voltage;
charging a second capacitance to a second voltage;
discharging the second capacitance into a primary winding of a transformer to provide a pulse of current; and
counting each discharge of the second capacitance; and
upon detecting discharge of the first capacitance:
stopping counting each discharge of the second capacitance thereby determining a number of discharges of the second capacitance prior to detecting discharge of the first capacitance; and
determining the distance between the CEW and the target by multiplying the number of discharges by a distance traveled by a wire-tethered electrode for each period of the first frequency, the wire-tethered electrode launched from the CEW.

US Pat. No. 10,598,774

OBJECT DETECTION APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An object detection apparatus that drives a piezoelectric vibrator to transmit an ultrasonic wave, and receives a reflected wave that is reflected from an object, the apparatus comprising:the piezoelectric vibrator;
a drive circuit that supplies drive power which drives the piezoelectric vibrator;
a resistor section that has a resistance value that is variable, and is connected in parallel with the piezoelectric vibrator, wherein
the resistor section includes:
a resistor connected in parallel with the piezoelectric vibrator;
a first coil connected in parallel with the piezoelectric vibrator;
a second coil magnetically coupled to the first coil; and
resistors connected via a switch between respective ends of the second coil and a ground part, and
the apparatus further comprises a delay circuit that delays at least one of a changeover of the switch from an open state to a closed state and a changeover of the switch from the closed state to the open state.

US Pat. No. 10,598,773

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MEASURING PRESSURE DISTRIBUTIONS OF ACOUSTIC BEAMS FROM ULTRASOUND SOURCES

University of Washington,...

1. A method of measuring at least one characteristic of an ultrasound source using an array-based acoustic holography system, the method comprising:emitting a beam from an ultrasound source towards the array;
as the beam crosses a plane of the array, capturing waveform measurements of the beam with a plurality of elongated elements disposed on a surface of the array, wherein the individual elongated elements are sized and shaped to have a first dimension larger than a width of the beam emitted by the ultrasound source toward the array;
defining a measured hologram at the array surface based, at least in part, on the waveform measurements; and
processing the measured hologram to reconstruct a characteristic of the ultrasound source.

US Pat. No. 10,598,764

RADAR TARGET DETECTION AND IMAGING SYSTEM FOR AUTONOMOUS VEHICLES WITH ULTRA-LOW PHASE NOISE FREQUENCY SYNTHESIZER

1. An object detection system for a vehicle comprising: a RADAR, configured to collect data from surroundings of the vehicles, wherein the RADAR unit further comprises; a plurality of transmitters, each of which transmits at least one radio signal to the one or more objects in the surroundings; a plurality of receivers, each of which receives the at least one radio signal returned from the one or more objects in the surroundings; at least one ultra-low phase noise frequency synthesizer, configured to determine phase noise and quality of the transmitted and the received at least one radio signal; a processor, communicatively coupled to the RADAR and the at least one ultra-low phase noise frequency synthesizer configured to receive the data, wherein the processor is configured to generate a three-dimensional map of the surroundings and wherein the processor is further configured to differentiate animate and non- animate objects using an electromagnetic characteristics recognition in the surroundings; and wherein the plurality of transmitters and the plurality of receivers of the RADAR are distributed all over the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,598,761

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR TRACKING A DEVICE

General Electric Company,...

1. A method for tracking a device for a medical body area network (MBAN), the device being a medical sensor not actively sending patient data to the MBAN, the method comprising:the device giving a signal at a time interval;
an active hub listening to the device at the time interval;
the active hub storing information about the device; and
the active hub continuing to listen at the time interval to the device until the device actively sends patient data, or until no more signals are heard from the device; and
storing when no more signals are heard from the device an identifier of the device and a location of the active hub.

US Pat. No. 10,598,760

DETERMINING LOCATIONS OF CARGO TRANSPORTATION UNITS USING IMAGE DATA

BlackBerry Limited, Wate...

1. A system comprising:at least one processor configured to:
receive, over a network, position data acquired by a position sensor;
receive, over the network, an image of a first cargo transportation unit (CTU) acquired by a camera on a second CTU in response to a trigger initiated by the first CTU; and
determine a location of the first CTU or the second CTU based on the position data and information in the image of the first CTU.

US Pat. No. 10,598,758

SIGNALING IN A WIRELESS POSITIONING SYSTEM

NextNav, LLC, Sunnyvale,...

1. A method for receiving signaling used for position determination in a positioning system, the method comprising:receiving, from a first transmitter, a first range block that includes a first ranging signal,
wherein the first range block was generated by the first transmitter and transmitted from the first transmitter in a first predefined slot of a plurality of predefined slots of a first transmit frame; and
receiving, from the first transmitter, a first hybrid block that includes a first positioning signal with positioning data that includes data specifying a location of the first transmitter or data specifying a pressure,
wherein the first hybrid block was generated by the first transmitter and transmitted from the first transmitter in a second transmit frame that is disjoint from the first transmit frame.

US Pat. No. 10,598,757

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCE OF A TIMING-BASED RADIO POSITIONING NETWORK USING ESTIMATED RANGE BIASES

NextNav, LLC, Sunnyvale,...

1. A method for determining one or more range biases, the method comprising:identifying a first range measurement computed using a first ranging signal received at a first position from a first terrestrial transmitter, wherein the first range measurement is an estimate of a range between the first position and the first terrestrial transmitter;
identifying a second range measurement computed using a second ranging signal received at the first position from a second terrestrial transmitter, wherein the second range measurement is an estimate of a range between the first position and the second terrestrial transmitter;
identifying a third range measurement computed using a third ranging signal received at the first position from a third terrestrial transmitter, wherein the third range measurement is an estimate of a range between the first position and the third terrestrial transmitter;
identifying a fourth range measurement computed using a fourth ranging signal received at a second position from the first terrestrial transmitter, wherein the fourth range measurement is an estimate of a range between the second position and the first terrestrial transmitter;
identifying a fifth range measurement computed using a fifth ranging signal received at the second position from the second terrestrial transmitter, wherein the fifth range measurement is an estimate of a range between the second position and the second terrestrial transmitter;
identifying a sixth range measurement computed using a sixth ranging signal received at the second position from the third terrestrial transmitter, wherein the sixth range measurement is an estimate of a range between the second position and the third terrestrial transmitter;
determining that the first range measurement and the fourth range measurement are within a threshold amount of distance;
determining that the second range measurement and the fifth range measurement are within the threshold amount of distance;
determining if the third range measurement and the sixth range measurement are within the threshold amount of distance; and
if a determination is made that the third range measurement and the sixth range measurement are not within the threshold amount of distance, computing a first bias estimate using the first, second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth range measurements;
determining, using a processor, an estimate of the second position using the first bias estimate.

US Pat. No. 10,598,754

PRECISION MAGNETIC FIELD MONITORING IN HIGH RADIATION ENVIRONMENTS

BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICH...

1. A device for measuring magnetic fields in a high radiation field environment, the device comprising:a charged particle trapping structure comprising two opposing end cap electrodes each on opposite ends of a central ring electrode structure, the opposing electrodes and the ring electrode structure collectively defining an inner chamber, with the inner chamber adapted (i) for generation of charged particles within the inner chamber through ionization of neutral atoms or molecules and adapted for trapping generated charged particles or (ii) for the capture and trapping of externally generated charged particles, in the presence of a magnetic field and a static electric potential created from voltages supplied to the charged particle trapping structure;
a radio frequency generator coupled to the charged particle trapping structure to generate an electric field inside the inner chamber to excite or maintain cyclotron motion of the charged particles within the inner chamber, wherein the charged particle trapping structure is adapted to detect the cyclotron frequency of the charged particles within the inner chamber over an operating environment range of an accumulated radiation dose of 1 MGy or above; and
an electronic detector adapted to determine a value of the detected cyclotron frequency and to determine a magnetic field strength of the magnetic from the cyclotron frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,598,747

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SIMULTANEOUS MULTISLICE MAGNETIC RESONANCE FINGERPRINTING WITH VARIABLE RADIO FREQUENCY ENCODING

Case Western Reserve Univ...

1. A method for generating quantitative images of a subject, the method comprising:(a) using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) system to acquire magnetic resonance data in a series of variable sequence blocks having a multiband radio frequency (RF) pulse and that cause one or more resonant species in the subject to simultaneously produce individual magnetic resonance signals in a plurality of different slices, and wherein the multiband RF pulse provides an RF encoding of the magnetic resonance signals according to matrix entries in a coding matrix;
(b) applying the coding matrix to the acquired magnetic resonance data in order to generate separated magnetic resonance data in which each of the magnetic resonance signals are separated into one of the plurality of different slice locations from which the magnetic resonance signal originated;
(c) comparing the separated magnetic resonance data to a dictionary of signal evolutions to determine quantitative values for two or more parameters of the resonant species based, at least in part, on matching the separated magnetic resonance data to a set of known signal evolutions stored in the dictionary; and
(d) displaying an image for each of the plurality of different slice locations depicting the subject at that slice location based, at least in part, on the quantitative values.

US Pat. No. 10,598,745

PERMANENT MAGNET ARRANGEMENT FOR MR APPARATUSES WITH AXIALLY AND LATERALLY DISPLACEABLE, ROTATABLY MOUNTED RING MODULES

BRUKER BIOSPIN GMBH, Rhe...

1. A magnet arrangement in a magnetic resonance apparatus, having a permanent magnet system for generating a homogeneous magnetic field in a direction perpendicular to a z axis in a measurement volume, the permanent magnet system comprising:at least three ring-shaped magnet elements made of magnetic material, which are arranged cylindrically symmetrically with respect to the z axis and stacked on one another in the z direction and/or concentrically,
wherein the ring-shaped magnet elements are configured of individual magnet segments and are arranged such that the magnetization directions of the individual segments in the respective rings extend at least essentially parallel in an x-y plane perpendicular to the z direction,
wherein the ring-shaped magnet elements respectively have a Halbach magnetization that generates a magnetic dipole field,
wherein the ring-shaped magnet elements are configured to align relative to one another in the z direction,
wherein the ring-shaped magnet elements are prefabricated as solid structures prior to being mounted in the magnetic resonance apparatus such that respective magnet segments of the ring-shaped magnet elements are fixed undisplaceably relative to one another,
wherein the ring-shaped magnet elements are arranged displaceably relative to one another in the x-y plane, and
wherein the ring-shaped magnet elements are mounted rotatably and/or tiltably relative to one another.

US Pat. No. 10,598,744

WIRELESS-TYPE RF COIL AND TRANSMITTER FOR LEGACY MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI) SYSTEMS AND METHOD OF OPERATION THEREOF

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A transmission apparatus for a legacy magnetic resonance (MR) system, comprising:a radio-frequency (RF) transmission portion having a coupler for coupling to an analog radio frequency (RF) cable port of an RF coil, the RF transmission portion comprising at least one first controller, an analog-to-digital converter (A/D), and a first digital transceiver, the first controller being configured to control the A/D to digitize analog magnetic resonance (MR) information received from the RF coil and to control the first digital transceiver to transmit the digitized MR information; and
a radio-frequency (RF) reception portion having an analog output port and a coupler for coupling the analog output port to a legacy RF cable port input of the legacy MR system, the RF reception portion comprising: at least one second controller; a second digital transceiver; a digital-to-analog converter (D/A), the at least one second controller being operative to control the second digital transceiver to receive the transmitted digitized MR information, and to control the D/A to perform a digital-to-analog conversion upon received digitized MR information to form a corresponding analog MR signal which is output at the analog output port; and a gain controller operative to control the gain of the analog MR signal prior to the output,
wherein: the first digital transceiver and the second digital transceiver communicate with each other using a bi-directional digital data transfer method; and the gain controller determines an average of the analog MR signal, and compares the average to a threshold desired gain control threshold (GCT) value.

US Pat. No. 10,598,743

MAGNETORESISTIVE MAGNETIC IMAGING SENSOR

MULTIDIMENSION TECHNOLOGY...

1. A magnetoresistive magnetic imaging sensor for identifying a magnetic image located at a magnetic image detection surface, the magnetoresistive magnetic imaging sensor comprising several magnetoresistive sensor chips on a printed circuit board (PCB) and a permanent magnet assembly, the several magnetoresistive sensor chips including adjacent magnetoresistive sensor chips, wherein the magnetoresistive magnetic imaging sensor is either:a lateral detection mode image identification sensor where each side face of the several magnetoresistive sensor chips is parallel to the magnetic image detection surface, wherein magnetic sensing directions of the several magnetoresistive sensor chips of the lateral detection mode image identification sensor are perpendicular to the magnetic image detection surface, or
a front detection mode image identification sensor where front surfaces of the several magnetoresistive sensor chips of the front detection mode image identification sensor are parallel to the magnetic image detection surface, wherein magnetic sensing directions of the several magnetoresistive sensor chips of the front detection mode image identification sensor are parallel to the scanning direction
wherein the adjacent magnetoresistive sensor chips overlap in scanning detection areas along a scanning direction on the magnetic image detection surface,
wherein, for the lateral detection mode image identification sensor, the permanent magnet assembly comprises a structure having an opening towards the magnetic image detection surface and formed by a permanent magnet and an L-shaped soft magnet, which are located on the same side of the PCB, and the L-shaped soft magnet is located between the permanent magnet and the PCB, the permanent magnet is located on the bottom of the L-shaped soft magnet and the magnetization direction thereof is perpendicular to the magnetic image detection surface, and a side face of the L-shaped soft magnet is parallel to the PCB.

US Pat. No. 10,598,741

SENSOR CONFIGURATION FOR A LATCH ASSEMBLY

1. A method for distinguishing a latched condition and an unlatched condition of a latch assembly, said method comprising:providing a latch as part of the latch assembly operable to adopt a latched condition and an unlatched condition, the latch comprising a magnet and a latch member;
providing the latch with a first component arranged to be mounted to a movable barrier or surrounding structure and a second component arranged to be mounted on the other of the movable barrier or the surrounding structure, the first and second components being required to be in an aligned condition to enable the latch assembly to adopt the latched and unlatched condition;
aligning the first component and the second component in the aligned condition, wherein an interfacing or engagement tolerance exists between the first and second components to allow the relative position between the first and second components to vary within the tolerance when in the aligned condition;
providing a sensor adapted for sensing a magnetic field imparted by the magnet, wherein the latch, magnet and sensor being configured such that a change in the condition of the latch effects a variance in the magnetic field sensed by the sensor;
moving the latch member relative to the magnet and sensor to enable the latch assembly to adopt the latched condition and the unlatched condition;
determining that the latch is in the latched condition through the variance in the magnetic field sensed by the sensor within the interfacing or engagement tolerance between the first and second components in the closed position
using the sensor to measure a plurality of readings of the magnetic field in the latched condition and the unlatched condition, the readings being indicative of the magnetic field sensed by the sensor when the first and second components are in different positions within the interfacing or engagement tolerance;
storing the plurality of magnetic field readings in the latched condition and the unlatched condition; and
using the stored readings to distinguish between the latched condition and the unlatched condition.

US Pat. No. 10,598,739

MAGNETIC FIELD SENSORS HAVING VIRTUAL SIGNALS

Allegro MicroSystems, LLC...

1. A magnetic field sensor, comprising:a plurality of magnetic field sensing elements configured to generate at least two measured magnetic field signals indicative of a magnetic field affected by an object and having a phase difference with respect to each other; and
a controller responsive to the at least two measured magnetic field signals and configured to generate at least a first virtual quadrature magnetic field signal and at least a second virtual quadrature magnetic field signal having a predetermined phase difference with respect to the first virtual quadrature magnetic field signal.

US Pat. No. 10,598,738

METHOD FOR MAINTENANCE OF A FREQUENCY CONVERTER AND SOFTWARE PROGRAM REALIZING THE SAME

KONE CORPORATION, Helsin...

1. Method for maintenance of a frequency converter configured to drive an electric motor of a transportation device, said frequency converter being supplied with AC mains power via a contactor, and including a rectifier circuit for providing a DC supply voltage, a capacitive intermediate circuit for leveling DC supply voltage, and an inverter circuit for providing power to the electric motor, wherein said method comprises:after the transportation device has been vacant for a predetermined time period, opening said contactor to disable power flow from mains supply to the frequency converter;
connecting a test load to the intermediate circuit, parallel to a capacity of the intermediate circuit;
detecting the DC supply voltage Udc(t); and
utilizing the detected DC supply voltage Udc(t) for establishing a maintenance information indicating that a maintenance should be done on the frequency converter, the maintenance information being established before a failure arises, wherein the test load is one of a braking chopper circuit, a machinery brake, and a motor winding, wherein the maintenance information is indicative of a certain kind and/or severity of problem of the frequency converter, wherein the established maintenance information is transferred or made accessible to a remote maintenance center or a mobile service unit or a local control unit of the transportation device, depending on the 25 kind and/or severity of problem indicated by the maintenance information.

US Pat. No. 10,598,737

DC-DC SWITCHING POWER SUPPLY LOAD TESTER

DENSO Intetnational Ameri...

1. A device for testing a power supply under test, the device comprising:a resistive load generator configured to generate a resistive load for introduction to the power supply under test;
a reactive load generator configured to generate a reactive load for introduction to the power supply under test;
a modulation generator configured to introduce the resistive load and the reactive load to the power supply under test by way of pulse-width modulation through a connection between the modulation generator and the power supply under test; and
a load selector for selectively applying at least one of the resistive load and the reactive load to the power supply under test.

US Pat. No. 10,598,736

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING A SYSTEM ANOMALY IN A POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

British Columbia Hydro an...

1. A method for identifying a system anomaly in a power distribution system, the method comprising:a) selecting a common coupling point in the power distribution system, wherein multiple downstream branches are connected to the common coupling point;
b) determining multiple voltage estimates of the common coupling point by, for each one of the downstream branches,
i) performing one or more electrical measurements at the downstream branch; and
ii) determining a voltage estimate of the common coupling point based on the one or more electrical measurements performed at the downstream branch;
c) comparing the multiple voltage estimates of the common coupling point;
d) determining, based on the comparison, whether a detection criterion is satisfied;
e) if the detection criterion is satisfied, identifying the system anomaly, wherein the identified system anomaly is one or more of:
(i) in a power company's internal topological records, a topological anomaly in a branch connected to the common coupling point;
(ii) in a power company's internal topological records, a topological anomaly in a parameter value of a component in a branch connected to the common coupling point;
(iii) an identification of a branch current coupled to the common coupling point that is connected to a point other than as found in internal topological records of a power company; and
(iv) a potential theft of power; and
f) in response to identifying the system anomaly, one or more of:
if the identified system anomaly is the system anomaly of e(i), updating the power company's internal topological records;
if the identified system anomaly is the system anomaly of e(ii), replacing the component in the branch where the topological anomaly was identified with a component having a correct parameter value or updating the internal topological records of the power company for the component with a parameter value of the identified anomaly;
if the identified system anomaly is the system anomaly of e(iii), updating the internal topological records of the power company to match the actual connection point for the branch circuit; and
if the identified system anomaly is the system anomaly of e(iv), investigating and rectifying the power loss.

US Pat. No. 10,598,734

REPORTING OF VEHICLE BATTERY STATE OF HEALTH AND CHARGE

NIO USA, Inc., San Jose,...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a plurality of battery sensors, each of the plurality of sensors being configured to translate one or multiple battery performance parameters into an electrical signal indicative of the one or multiple battery performance parameters; and
a energy management system comprising:
one or more sensor interfaces that enable the energy management system to receive electrical signals from the plurality of battery sensors;
a State of Charge (SOC) manager that prepares SOC information describing a SOC of one or more batteries in the vehicle based on the received electrical signals and reports the SOC information via an instrument panel of the vehicle;
a State of Health (SOH) manager that prepares first SOH information describing a SOH of the one or more batteries in the vehicle based on the received electrical signals and reports the first SOH information via the instrument panel of the vehicle; and
SOH optimizer instructions that, when executed by a processor, cause the processor to:
identify a plurality of vehicles;
determine a subset of vehicles in the identified plurality vehicles having better SOH performance than remaining vehicles in the identified plurality of vehicles;
analyze second SOH information describing a SOH of batteries in the subset of vehicles;
identify commonalities within the analyzed second SOH information that contribute to the subset of vehicles having the better SOH performance; and
determine a suggested change in a particular use of the one or more batteries by the user of the vehicle based on the identified commonalities.

US Pat. No. 10,598,733

CONDITION MONITORING METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR HIGH-VOLTAGE AC ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS

High Voltage Partial Disc...

1. A method of monitoring partial discharge activity in a motor driven by a variable-speed drive, the method comprising:providing a high-frequency signal from a high-frequency sensor arranged to sense pulses in a conductor of the motor driven by the variable-speed drive that originate from partial discharge activity;
providing a low-frequency signal from a low-frequency sensor arranged to sense an AC waveform in the conductor;
providing a timing signal derived from the timing of successive cycles of the low-frequency signal; and
digitising the high-frequency signal and capturing it as consecutive data blocks of varying duration, wherein the capturing of each data block is triggered by the timing signal.

US Pat. No. 10,598,732

EARLY DETECTION OF MOTOR STATOR WINDING FAULTS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of detecting a fault in a permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM), operably connected to a controller, the method comprising:receiving at a controller a stator voltages and currents for the PMSM;
computing a negative sequence current and a negative sequence voltage for the PMSM;
determining if selected conditions are satisfied for monitoring for a fault of the PMSM;
ascertaining a change in the negative sequence current and a change in the negative sequence voltage for a selected time duration;
calculating a ratio of the change in the negative sequence current and the change in the negative sequence voltage corresponding to a negative sequence admittance for the PMSM;
determining if the negative sequence admittance differs from nominal in excess of a first selected threshold; and
identifying the stator winding as faulted if the ratio exceeds the first selected threshold;
wherein determining if selected conditions are satisfied includes ensuring that the change in the negative sequence voltage ?Vn?a second selected threshold, and a positive sequence voltage Vp?a third selected threshold; and wherein a change in positive sequence voltage over the selected time duration

US Pat. No. 10,598,730

TESTING METHOD AND TESTING SYSTEM

REALTEK SEMICONDUCTOR COR...

1. A testing method, performed by at least one processor, the testing method comprising:converting first data associated with a scan test into a program, wherein the program is configured to observe an untested part of a circuitry that is unable to be tested in the scan test;
performing a plurality of circuit simulations with the program according to a netlist file indicating the circuitry and a plurality of testing patterns, in order to rank the plurality of testing patterns to generate second data;
selecting at least one candidate testing pattern from the plurality of testing patterns according to the second data; and
performing at least one fault simulation on the circuitry according to the netlist file and the at least one candidate testing pattern, in order to test the circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,598,726

SELF-TEST CIRCUIT AND SELF-TEST METHOD FOR COMPARATOR

REALTEK SEMICONDUCTOR COR...

1. A self-test circuit for a comparator, wherein the comparator has a first output terminal coupled to an input terminal of a first inverter and a second output terminal coupled to an input terminal a second inverter and operates in a reset phase or a comparison phase according to a clock, the self-test circuit comprising:a switch coupled between the first output terminal and the second output terminal; and
a control circuit coupled to the switch for controlling whether the switch is turned on;
wherein, in a test mode, the control circuit controls the switch to be turned on, and, in the test mode, the comparator operates in the reset phase or the comparison phase according to the clock.

US Pat. No. 10,598,723

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IDENTIFYING DEFECTS IN A CHEMICAL SENSOR ARRAY

LIFE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORA...

1. A method to operate an apparatus comprising:placing a reference transistor of a reference sensor in a known state by applying a bias voltage to a gate terminal of the reference transistor, the reference sensor communicating with at least one chemical field-effect transistor (ChemFET) sensor in an array of field effect transistor sensors including a plurality of ChemFET sensors and reference sensors;
coupling an output terminal of the reference transistor to a current source via a first reference sensor select switch and to a column line through a second reference sensor select switch;
acquiring an output signal from the reference sensor in response to the applied bias voltage; and
determining that a defect is associated with the array of ChemFET sensors if the output signal of the reference sensor does not correspond to the known state.

US Pat. No. 10,598,722

AUTOMATED WAVEFORM ANALYSIS METHODS USING A PARALLEL AUTOMATED DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM

Advanced Testing Technolo...

1. A method for testing at least one unit under test (UUT) for the presence of faults via analysis of waveforms output from the UUT, the UUT having multiple input channels and multiple output channels, comprising:applying stimulus signals to the UUT from at least one stimulus signal source coupled to the UUT and via the input channels;
acquiring a set of waveforms output from the UUT via the output channels in response to application of the stimulus signals to the UUT from the at least one stimulus signal source, the acquired set of waveforms including a plurality of waveforms;
retrieving, using a processor, a plurality of rules files stored in a memory component, each of the rules files containing a plurality of rules and having a representation of being associated with a waveform that is known to be a good waveform without faults or being associated with a specific fault in a waveform;
for each retrieved rules file,
aligning, using the processor, each of the plurality of waveforms in the acquired set of waveforms to a selected one of a plurality of rules in the retrieved rules file;
calculating, using the processor, a similarity score for the acquired set of waveforms relative to the selected one of the plurality of rules in the retrieved rules file indicative of a degree of matching between the acquired set of waveforms and the plurality of rules in the retrieved rules file;
storing, in a memory component, the calculated score in association with the retrieved rules files; and thereafter
conveying using a conveyance device, a list of the representation of at least part of the retrieved rules files in an order based on the calculated scores.

US Pat. No. 10,598,721

MOBILE HIGH-VOLTAGE TESTER

B2 ELECTRONIC GMBH, Klau...

1. A mobile tester (2, 2?) for very low frequency (VLF) testing of a measurement object (3), especially a high-voltage or medium-voltage cable, comprisinga voltage generator for generating an a.c. voltage, used as the test voltage, with rms amplitude greater than or equal to 1 kV and a frequency in the range between 0.01 and 1 Hz,
a terminal element (9) for connection of the measurement object (3) to be subjected to the test voltage and
circuitry for measurement and evaluation of the test voltage present at the measurement object and of the test current caused hereby,
wherein the tester (2, 2?) is set up in a first mode of operation for autonomous performance of a VLF test with the test voltage generated by it,
wherein the tester (2, 2?) additionally has a communications interface (17) for transmitting a synchronization signal (S) or for receiving an externally generated synchronization signal (S) and
wherein the tester (2, 2?) is set up in a second mode of operation (parallel mode) to synchronize the generated test voltage as a function of the synchronization signal (S) with the test voltage generated by at least one further tester (2, 2?) of the same type, such that the generated test voltage of the tester and the test voltage of the at least one further tester are additive.

US Pat. No. 10,598,720

METHOD FOR INSULATION FAULT LOCATION AND AN INSULATION FAULT LOCATION SYSTEM FOR AN UNGROUNDED POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

1. A method for insulation fault location in an ungrounded power supply system (2), comprising the method steps to be carried out repeatedly:generating a periodic test current (IL) by means of a test current generator (14), said test current (IL) comprising a predetermined maximum test current amplitude and a test current period having a changeable test current period duration (T) and said test current period being compiled from temporally consecutive test current pulses and test current pauses,
feeding the test current (IL) into the ungrounded power supply system (2),
capturing a differential current in a cable section to be monitored, characterized by
determining a steady state of the differential current and determining a settling time and a decay time respectively,
determining a final value (Ix) of the differential current in the steady state of the differential current,
testing whether the final value (Ix) of the differential current exceeds a test current threshold value according to magnitude in order to identify a capturable test current,
transmitting the value of the settling time and of the decay time to the test current generator (14),
setting a test current pulse duration (T1, T3) and a test current pause duration (T2, T4) as a function of the transmitted settling time and of the transmitted decay time respectively using the test current generator (14) such that the differential current reaches its final value (Ix) within the test current pulse duration (T1, T3) and within the test current pause duration (T2, T4) respectively, said predetermined maximum test current amplitude remaining unchanged.

US Pat. No. 10,598,719

METHOD OF CHARACTERIZING A SECTION OF A TRANSMISSION LINE, IN PARTICULAR SECTION CORRESPONDING TO A CONNECTOR OR SERIES OF CONNECTORS LINKING A MEASUREMENT APPARATUS TO A CABLE

1. A method for characterizing a segment of a transmission line, a reference signal being injected into the line and a time-domain measurement of the reflection of said reference signal in the line being carried out, said method comprising the steps of:applying a deconvoluting step to said time-domain measurement so as to generate a deconvoluted temporal sequence comprising a plurality of amplitude peaks each corresponding to an impedance discontinuity;
removing, from the amplitude of at least one obtained peak, the contribution of at least one secondary reflection of the signal from an impedance discontinuity by executing at least the following steps:
identifying the peaks located at a temporal position potentially corresponding to the at least one secondary reflection;
calculating the amplitude contribution of the at least one secondary reflection;
subtracting from the amplitude of the identified peak the calculated contribution; and
if the obtained amplitude is substantially zero, removing the peak;
deducing, from the temporal position of each peak, a position of an associated impedance discontinuity in said line segment; and
deducing, from the amplitude of each peak, an estimate of the real part of the reflection coefficient of a wave reflected from each identified impedance discontinuity.

US Pat. No. 10,598,716

METHODS AND LOCATING SYSTEMS FOR DETERMINING AN INSULATION FAULT LOCATION ON AN ELECTRIC CONDUCTOR OF A SUBSEA SUPPLY LINE

1. A method for determining an insulation fault location (40) on an electric conductor (11) of a subsea supply line (10), which is submerged in seawater (5), comprising the method steps:applying electric voltage to ground at the electric conductor (11), an electrochemical reaction taking place at the insulation fault location between a metallic conductor material of the electric conductor (11) and the seawater (5), said electrochemical reaction forming gas, and said electric voltage being formed by a modulated voltage impulse sequence,
capturing sonic waves (20, 20c) of a noise made by formed gas bubbles (28), sonic waves (20, 20c) of the noise propagating within the subsea supply line (10) in the seawater filling (7) being captured using sonic sensors (18), which are installed at predetermined locations along the subsea supply line (10),
evaluating measuring-signal impulse sequences supplied by the sonic sensors (18), and
using the signal impulse sequences to determine the insulation fault location (40).

US Pat. No. 10,598,715

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATIC HIGH RESISTANCE GROUND PULSE ACTIVATION AND DETECTION

Eaton Intelligent Power L...

1. A system for locating a ground fault in a high resistance grounded (HRG) power distribution system, the system comprising:an HRG pulsing system comprising:
a ground fault sensor configured to detect a ground fault;
a pulsing contactor configured to introduce a pulsing current into the HRG power distribution system; and
a controller configured to automatically control the pulsing contactor to introduce the pulsing current into the HRG power distribution system in response to a ground fault detection by the ground fault sensor;
a plurality of current sensors adapted to monitor three-phase current signals present on conductors of the HRG power distribution system, wherein the plurality of current sensors are positioned on a number of distribution networks included in the HRG power distribution system and at a protection device included on each respective distribution network;
a processor associated with each protection device and operably connected to the current sensors thereat to receive signals from the current sensors for identifying a location of a ground fault in the HRG power distribution system; and
a logic circuit in operable communication with the processor of each protection device, the logic circuit configured to:
control the pulsing contactor to introduce the pulsing current into the HRG power distribution system in response to a ground fault detection by the ground fault sensor; and
control the pulsing contactor to terminate the pulsing current in response to a pulsing current detection signal received from a processor of a respective protection device, the pulsing current detection signal indicating that the location of the ground fault in the HRG power distribution system has been identified.

US Pat. No. 10,598,714

BATTERY DISCONNECT FOR ELECTRICAL DRAIN TEST SYSTEM

Grosch, LLC, Lakewood, C...

1. An electrical drain test device, comprising: a battery interface system having electrical cables to connect in-line with a negative battery post of a battery and an electrical system under test; a battery disconnect switch having a first position and a second position, the battery disconnect switch providing for continuous electrical current in the first position between the battery and the electrical system under test; a test circuit configured to test the electrical system under test for parasitic drain according to a connection sequence; and an output device to output a result of the test of the electrical system under test.

US Pat. No. 10,598,712

PORTABLE DEVICE WITH ELECTROMAGNETIC NOISE MEASUREMENT FOR INGROUND TRANSMITTER FREQUENCY SELECTION

Merlin Technology Inc., ...

1. A portable device for use in conjunction with a transmitter that is carried through the ground during an operational procedure while transmitting a transmitter signal having a transmission frequency in a region with electromagnetic noise, said portable device comprising:a receiver that (A) measures the electromagnetic noise at multiple frequencies without user interaction being required during the measurements to detect the electromagnetic noise over a series of measurement time intervals and to establish the amount of electromagnetic noise corresponding to each of the measurement time intervals based on a time domain to frequency domain transform, (B) provides for at least one of (i) displaying the measured electromagnetic noise at the multiple frequencies simultaneously for operator selection of the transmission frequency based on the noise measurement and (ii) automatically selecting the transmission frequency from the multiple frequencies based on the measurements, and (C) subsequently receives the transmitter signal at the selected transmission frequency during the operational procedure for tracking an inground position of the transmitter.

US Pat. No. 10,598,711

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE REVERBERATION CHAMBER

Electronics and Telecommu...

1. An electromagnetic wave reverberation chamber, comprising:a column-type mode stirrer including a plurality of plate-shaped electromagnetic wave reflectors connected by a metal column provided on a bottom of the electromagnetic wave reverberation chamber;
a ceiling-type mode stirrer including a plurality of plate-shaped electromagnetic wave reflectors connected by a metal column provided on a wall surface of the electromagnetic wave reverberation chamber, and disposed around a ceiling of the electromagnetic wave reverberation chamber;
a pyramidal mode stirrer including a plurality of pyramid-shaped electromagnetic wave reflectors and disposed on a wall surface of the electromagnetic wave reverberation chamber, and
a concavo-convex mode stirrer including an electromagnetic wave reflector disposed in a concavo-convex form, and disposed on another wall surface different from the wall surface on which the pyramidal mode stirrer is disposed,
wherein the concavo-convex mode stirrer is provided as a plurality of concavo-convex mode stirrers disposed parallel to the wall surface, each concavo-convex mode stirrer having a width parallel to the wall surface greater than a height extending from the wall surface, and
wherein each of the column-type mode stirrer and the ceiling-type mode stirrer is formed by a combination of at least two panels.

US Pat. No. 10,598,709

DISTRIBUTED SMART GRID PROCESSING

ITRON NETWORKED SOLUTIONS...

1. A computer-implemented method for generating network-based data services, the method comprising:configuring a first cloud computing environment to acquire a sequence of data values and convert the sequence of data values into a first data stream;
configuring a second cloud computing environment to accumulate the first data stream into a data archive and to perform a historical analysis on the first data stream to identify a first trend associated with the first data stream;
configuring a third cloud computing environment to perform one or more real-time processing operations on the first data stream to determine that a first condition associated with the first data stream has been met; and
providing a subscriber to the network-based data services with access to the first data stream, the first trend, and an indication that the first condition has been met.

US Pat. No. 10,598,708

IDENTIFYING AND PRIORITIZING ERRORS IN CONNECTIVITY MODELS OF DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS FOR EFFICIENT FIELD INSPECTIONS

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:collecting multiple items of geo-spatial data arising from each of (i) multiple transformers within at least a portion of an electric power distribution network and (ii) multiple customer meters within the at least a portion of the electric power distribution network;
collecting load data arising from each of the multiple customer meters within the at least a portion of the electric power distribution network;
assigning one of the multiple transformers to each of the multiple customer meters that is not presently assigned to one of the multiple transformers according to an existing connectivity model for the distribution network, wherein said assigning is based on (i) the collected multiple items of geo-spatial data and (ii) the collected load data;
computing, based at least in part on the collected multiple items of geo-spatial data and the collected load data, an error probability attributable to each of (i) the multiple transformers and (ii) the multiple customer meters assigned thereto within the at least a portion of the electric power distribution network based on multiple variables pertaining to the relationships between the multiple transformers and the multiple customer meters assigned thereto, wherein each such error probability represents likelihood of an error in the existing connectivity model caused by the given transformer or customer meter; and
modifying an existing field inspection schedule corresponding to the electric power distribution network based on said computing;
wherein the steps are carried out by at least one computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,598,706

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING ACTIONS OF ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEM USING THE SAME

BenQ ESCO Corp., Taipei ...

1. A method for identifying actions of an electric equipment, comprising:measuring, by a sensor, a utility power signal of the electric equipment during a period of time;
analyzing, by a computing controller, a waveform characteristic of the utility power signal in the period of time to acquire a set of characteristic values, and identifying a current control procedure corresponding to the utility power signal from a set of control procedures according to the set of characteristic values, wherein the current control procedure includes one or more action stages whose first action stage corresponds to a first action parameter;
determining, by the computing controller, whether a deviation between the waveform characteristic of the utility power signal corresponding to the first action stage and the first action parameter is within a tolerance range;
triggering, by the computing controller, a warning event when the deviation between the waveform characteristic of the utility power signal corresponding to the first action stage and the first action parameter is outside the tolerance range;
wherein each control procedure of the set of control procedures corresponds to a sample characteristic, and the action identifying method further comprises:
comparing the set of characteristic values with the sample characteristics corresponding to the control procedures to select a control procedure whose sample characteristic is closest to the set of characteristic values from the set of control procedures and using the selected control procedure as the current control procedure.

US Pat. No. 10,598,705

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MONITORING POWER TRANSMISSION

Live Power Intelligence C...

1. An apparatus for determining power flowing in an electric high power transmission line in a power network comprising:a processor;
a magnetic field sensor configured to measure in real time a magnetic flux in a magnetic field produced by a current flowing in the electric high power transmission line in the power network and to output a voltage signal proportional to a change in the measured magnetic flux, said magnetic field sensor further being configured to convert said outputted voltage signal into digital field data and to transmit the digital field data to the processor, wherein the magnetic field sensor is arranged within 400 meters of but at a distance from the electric high power transmission line;
a voltage sensor connected to a low voltage part of the power network remote from the electric high power transmission line for making a measurement associated with a voltage waveform in the low voltage part of the power network to create voltage waveform data and for transmitting the voltage waveform data to the processor;
a clock for sending time tag data to the magnetic field sensor, the voltage sensor and the processor; and
a power grid transfer function calculator configured to calculate a relationship between the digital field data and the voltage waveform data using an adjustment table;
wherein the processor is configured to calculate the power flowing in the electric high power transmission line from the digital field data, the voltage waveform data and the relationship between the digital field data and the voltage waveform data by accessing the transfer function calculator.

US Pat. No. 10,598,704

UNIVERSAL GRID ANALYZER

UNIVERSITY OF TENNESSEE R...

1. A device, comprising:an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) to convert an input signal into digital samples, wherein the ADC is configured to receive the input signal from a power grid;
a receiver to generate a pulse-per-second (PPS) signal, wherein the ADC is configured to convert the input signal into the digital samples at each of a plurality of sampling times, the plurality of sampling times being distributed between two consecutive PPS signals;
an oscillator to generate an oscillator signal having an oscillator frequency (fosc); and
a data processor coupled to the ADC, the receiver, and the oscillator, wherein the data processor is configured to:
receive the oscillator frequency and a sampling rate (Fs) and calculate an ideal timer period register value (Nideal) which is a number of cycles of oscillator signal between two sampling times;
calculate a timer period register value (Ni) for each two consecutive sampling times distributed between two consecutive PPS signals, the timer period register value (Ni) for a period between an (i-1) and an ith sample is determined by:

 and
the first sample is taken at the PPS signal;
adjust the sampling times based on the timer period register value (Ni) to minimize deviation from the ideal timer period register value (Nideal);
sample the input signal at each adjusted sampling time; and
generate a plurality of metrics based on the digital samples.

US Pat. No. 10,598,697

SHIELDING FOR VERTICAL PROBE HEADS

FormFactor, Inc., Liverm...

1. A vertical probe array configured to test an electrical device, the vertical probe array comprising:a first guide plate;
a second guide plate;
two or more vertical probes, each of the vertical probes configured to pass through corresponding holes in the first and second guide plates, wherein the vertical probes are slidably disposed in the holes of the first and second guide plates, whereby the vertical probes are not affixed to the first guide plate and whereby the vertical probes are not affixed to the second guide plate;
a metal carrier disposed between the first and second guide plates;
wherein the metal carrier includes two or more pockets extending between the first and second guide plates, wherein the vertical probes are disposed in the two or more pockets;
wherein the metal carrier is grounded, whereby electrical isolation between probes in different pockets is improved.

US Pat. No. 10,598,696

PROBE PINS WITH ETCHED TIPS FOR ELECTRICAL DIE TEST

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An electrical-test prober head, comprising:a substrate including a plurality of conductive traces, each of the traces to electrically couple with an electrical testing apparatus; and
an array of conductive pins, each of the pins extending outwardly from a pin end anchored to the substrate and electrically coupled to at least one of the conductive traces, wherein individual ones of the pins comprise a composite metal wire further including a core metal cladded within a peripheral metal, and individual ones of the pins have a tip opposite the anchored pin end, the peripheral metal absent from the core metal over a longitudinal recess length of the tip, and wherein at least a partial length of each of the pins between the tip and the anchored pin end is coated with a hydrophobic monolayer on an outer surface of the peripheral metal, the monolayer absent from a surface of the core metal exposed within the longitudinal recess length.

US Pat. No. 10,598,695

SOCKET

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A socket comprising:a first housing and a second housing each comprising a housing recessed portion capable of housing and holding a contact having a plate shape and provided with a first contact portion at a first end of the contact, and with a second contact portion at a second end of the contact, the first and second contact portions each being exposed; and
a positioning member that positions the first and second housings independently of each other such that the housing recessed portion of the first housing and the housing recessed portion of the second housing are disposed adjacent to each other to be paired in a direction intersecting a plate thickness direction of the contact, wherein
the positioning member comprises a base housing comprising one holding recessed portion positioning the first and second housings independently of each other and holding the first and second housings integrally with each other, and
the one holding recessed portion, that positions and holds a first pair of housings serving as the first and second housings, is configured to be capable of positioning and holding a second pair of housings, an interval of the second pair of housings between the recessed portions to be paired being different from the interval of the first pair of housings.

US Pat. No. 10,598,693

TEST SOCKET FOR A CHIP

UNIVERSAL SCIENTIFIC INDU...

1. A test socket for a chip, comprising:a recess for receiving the chip, which is surrounded by a first section, a second section, a third section and a fourth section, wherein the first section is connected to the second section and the fourth section and wherein the third section is connected to the second section and the fourth section;
a first push mechanism arranged at the first section, the first push mechanism comprising:
a first push button, wherein the first push button has a first protrusion at its top;
a first vertical elastic member connected to a bottom of the first push button;
a first pusher cooperated with the first push button, wherein the first pusher has a first pushing end extending into the recess; and
a first lateral elastic member connected to a first abutment end of the first pusher, wherein the first abutment end is opposite the first pushing end;
wherein the first vertical elastic member upwardly pushes the first push button such that the first protrusion protrudes from a top surface of the first section and the first push button engages with the first pusher such that the first pusher is not pushed by the first lateral elastic member when no force is applied to the first push button, and wherein the first push button moves downwardly and the first lateral elastic member pushes the first pusher to move toward the recess when the first protrusion of the first push button is pressed;
a second push mechanism arranged at the second section, the second push mechanism comprising:
a second push button, wherein the second push button has a second protrusion at its top;
a second vertical elastic member connected to a bottom of the second push button;
a second pusher cooperated with the second push button, wherein the second pusher has a second pushing end extending into the recess; and
a second lateral elastic member connected to a second abutment end of the second pusher, wherein the second abutment end is opposite the second pushing end;
wherein the second vertical elastic member upwardly pushes the second push button such that the second protrusion protrudes from a top surface of the second section and the second push button engages with the second pusher such that the second pusher is not pushed by the second lateral elastic member when no force is applied to the second push button, and wherein the second push button moves downwardly and the second lateral elastic member pushes the second pusher to move toward the recess when the second protrusion of the second push button is pressed.

US Pat. No. 10,598,692

DEVICE FOR THE VOLUMETRIC ANALYSIS OF AN ORGANIC OR INORGANIC SAMPLE

UNIVERSITE DE BOURGOGNE, ...

1. An acoustic analysis device based on atomic force microscopy for volume analysis of an organic or inorganic sample comprising:a support on which the sample is immobilized,
an atomic force microscopy measurement lever having a free end provided with a point intended to interact with an upper face of the sample and scan said upper face,
at least two independent piezoelectric actuators mounted on mechanical supports and furnishing ultrasound waves generating multimodal interference coupling,
acoustic measurement and analysis members associated with the measurement lever, to deliver results related to the volume analysis of the sample, comprising a laser diode that emits a light ray towards the lever and a photodetector that receives said light ray after reflection on the lever, wherein
the support comprises a total-reflection prism, comprising one face on which the sample is disposed and at least one opposite face, different from the face on which the sample is disposed, against which the piezoelectric actuators are applied and does so at preset positions on said prism to define set angles of excitation of ultrasound waves.

US Pat. No. 10,598,691

SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPE AND LIGHT INTENSITY ADJUSTING METHOD

Shimadzu Corporation, Ni...

1. A scanning probe microscope that acquires a surface image of a sample by causing a cantilever to scan along a surface of the sample, the scanning probe microscope comprising:a light source configured to irradiate the cantilever with light;
a detector configured to receive reflected light from the cantilever;
a housing configured to house the light source and the detector therein;
an opening and closing door configured to open and close the housing;
an opening and closing sensor configured to detect opening and closing of the opening and closing door; and
a light intensity change processing unit configured to change an intensity of light irradiated from the light source based on a detection result of the opening and closing sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,598,687

VIBRATION SENSOR FOR A PORTABLE DEVICE INCLUDING A DAMPING ARRANGEMENT TO REDUCE MECHANICAL RESONANCE PEAK OF SENSOR

Sonion Nederland B.V., H...

1. A vibration sensor comprisinga moveable mass being adapted to move in response to vibrations or accelerations, wherein the moveable mass and a suspension member are configured to move together as a single element, and
a damping arrangement comprising a damping fluid or gel, wherein the moveable mass is arranged to interact directly or indirectly with the damping fluid or gel in order to reduce a mechanical resonance peak of the vibration sensor, the damping fluid or gel having a viscosity between 1000 cP and 100000 cP, being kept in position by capillary forces only, and is stable over time without tending to evaporate.

US Pat. No. 10,598,686

MICROMECHANICAL Z-ACCELERATION SENSOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A micromechanical z-acceleration sensor, comprising:a seismic mass element including a torsion spring, the torsion spring including an anchor element, with the aid of which the torsion spring is connected to a substrate;
wherein the torsion spring is connected at both ends to the seismic mass element with the aid of a bar-shaped connecting element designed as normal with respect to the torsion spring in the plane of seismic mass element, the bar-shaped connecting element being situated between the torsion spring and the seismic mass, an empty gap being between the bar-shaped connecting element and the seismic mass at each of the ends of the torsion spring.

US Pat. No. 10,598,685

PORTABLE HUNTING DEVICE FOR GENERATING SCENTED VAPOR

Arcus Hunting, LLC, Covi...

1. A portable device for attracting an animal and/or masking human odor during hunting, said device comprising:a rechargeable battery;
a replaceable cartridge carrying a scented liquid for attracting an animal or masking human odor; and
an ultrasonic vaporizing element arranged in association with scented liquid and, when energized by the rechargeable battery, capable of vaporizing at least a portion of the scented liquid using ultrasonic vibrations.

US Pat. No. 10,598,680

PULSER RING MOUNTING STRUCTURE

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A pulser ring mounting structure comprising:a wheel provided with a hub, the hub being journaled to an axle; and
a pulser ring, the pulser ring being mounted with respect to the wheel, the pulser ring being provided with an annular detected portion configured to be detected by a wheel speed sensor,
wherein:
the hub is provided with a bearing retaining portion for retaining a bearing that is fitted to the axle,
the pulser ring is provided with a rib, the rib extending inwardly, in a vehicle width direction, from a radially inner peripheral portion of the pulser ring,
the rib is provided with an abutting surface located close to a receiving portion of the hub, that is provided at an end surface outside of the bearing retaining portion in the vehicle width direction,
the pulser ring is mounted with respect to the wheel in a manner to form a gap between the rib and the receiving portion at the time of mounting, and
the gap is set to such a size that when the pulser ring is deformed toward the hub in an elastic deformation zone, the rib abuts on the receiving portion.

US Pat. No. 10,598,678

AUTOMATED FLUID HANDLING SYSTEM

GE HEALTHCARE BIO-SCIENCE...

1. An automated liquid chromatography system comprising:a housing unit comprising an external surface and two or more fluid handling unit receiving positions arranged in a two dimensional array on the external surface of the housing unit; and
multiple fluid handling units corresponding in size and shape to the two or more fluid handling unit receiving positions, wherein at least one of the multiple fluid handling units when arranged in a corresponding fluid handling unit receiving position comprises (1) an external section that is external to the housing unit, and (2) an internal section that is internal to the housing unit,
wherein the external section comprises one or more fluid connectors for connecting with a fluid flow path of the automated liquid chromatography system, and the internal section comprises an enclosure with one or more air inlet openings;
wherein said automated liquid chromatography system is adapted to allow each fluid handling unit to be freely and independently positioned in any one of the fluid handling unit receiving positions of the housing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,598,659

LATERAL FLOW BLOTTING ASSAY

Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc...

1. A lateral flow apparatus comprising,a wicking pad composed of a porous substrate, the wicking pad having:
(i) markings indicating a region for applying a membrane comprising immobilized analytes; and
(ii) a region for applying primary antibodies; and
wherein the wicking pad has a first edge and a second edge and two lateral edges,
a first reservoir comprising a first absorbent pad adjacent to the first edge of the wicking pad; and
a second reservoir comprising a second absorbent pad adjacent to the second edge of the wicking pad;
wherein the apparatus is sealed in a plastic casing, the plastic casing comprising a molded top portion and a flat bottom plate sealed to the top portion; and
wherein the molded top portion comprises a port covered by a removable layer over the first reservoir to allow application of liquid and optionally the molded top portion comprises a port covered by a removable layer over the second reservoir to allow for air flow.

US Pat. No. 10,598,657

IMMUNOASSAY UTILIZING TRAPPING CONJUGATE

Chembio Diagnostic System...

1. A test device for determining the presence of a first ligand in a liquid sample, comprising:a) a first sorbent strip having a first location for receiving a solution and defining a first migration path;
b) a marker conjugate adapted to move along said first migration path and bind to said first ligand;
c) a second sorbent strip distinct from said first sorbent strip and having a second location for receiving the liquid sample and defining a second migration path;
d) depletion molecules located on or in said second migration path wherein said depletion molecules include a ligand-binding elements adapted to specifically bind to second ligands that are different from but related to said first ligand by being cross-reactive therewith, and to which said depletion molecules will not substantially bind, and wherein said depletion molecules located on or in said second migration path are sprayed on said second migration path and are not immobilized;
e) a test site located on or in one at least one of said first sorbent strip and said second sorbent strip, said test site having an immobilized first ligand binding mechanism for said first ligand, and said first and second sorbent strips touching each other at the test site location, wherein said second location is removed from said test site such that sample applied to said second location requires time to migrate to said test site and does not immediately wet said test site.

US Pat. No. 10,598,656

METHOD OF SELECTING ANALYTE TO SAMPLES USING A LATERAL FLOW DEVICE

CREDO BIOMEDICAL PTE LTD....

1. A lateral flow assay device for detecting the presence of an analyte within a test sample, the lateral flow assay device comprises:a chromatographic medium that includes:
a sample loading zone located upstream of a detection zone;
a reporting carrier zone located between the sample loading zone and a detection zone, wherein said reporting carrier zone comprises a reporting carrier capable of forming a complex with the analyte, and wherein said reporting carrier comprises a carrier and at least one proficient enzyme;
a detection zone, wherein the detection zone comprises a capture component for the analyte, and an indicator for indicating the presence or absence of a product from a reaction of the proficient enzyme and a substrate thereby indicating the presence or absence of the analyte; and
a control zone, wherein the control zone comprises a further capture component for the uncomplexed reporting carrier from the detection zone, and a further indicator for indicating the presence or absence of a product from a reaction of the proficient enzyme and the substrate thereby indicating the presence or absence of uncomplexed reporting carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,598,651

SENSING SYSTEM FOR DETECTING MACHINE FLUID DEGRADATION

Caterpillar Inc., Peoria...

1. A sensing system, comprising:a container configured to hold a machine fluid selected from engine oil, transmission fluid, hydraulic fluid, and coolant fluid, the machine fluid degrading when an acid content of the machine fluid reaches a level characteristic of degradation of the machine fluid;
a filter in fluid communication with the container;
a capsule including a dissolvable element, the dissolvable element being configured to at least partially dissolve when placed in contact with the machine fluid and when the acid content of the machine fluid reaches the level characteristic of the degradation of the machine fluid;
a tracer encapsulated by the capsule, the tracer being at least partially released from the capsule when the dissolvable element at least partially dissolves in the machine fluid, the at least partial release of the tracer from the capsule providing a signal for the degradation of the machine fluid; and
a detector within the container and proximate the filter, the detector detecting the signal for the degradation of the machine fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,598,650

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MEASURING AN OPERATIVE CONDITION OF A MACHINE

General Electric Company,...

1. A method, comprising:coupling a housing of a detection assembly to a first gearcase reservoir of a vehicle, the housing containing an electronics package positioned within the housing, the detection assembly including a tube secured to the housing and containing a sensor positioned within the tube, wherein the tube is elongate and defines a plurality of axially disposed apertures;
coupling a capacitance control structure to the housing, the capacitance control structure configured to one or more of reduce or isolate a sensor capacitance of the sensor from the electronics package;
detecting, by the sensor, a fluid level of lubricant in the first gearcase reservoir;
responding to the detected fluid level being below a threshold value by one or more of reducing or eliminating power supplied to a first powered axle of the vehicle that is associated with the first gearcase reservoir; and
operating the vehicle using at least a second powered axle that is coupled to a second gearcase reservoir while the first powered axle is supplied one or more of reduced or no power.

US Pat. No. 10,598,649

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CERTIFYING THE LIFE CYCLE OF AN ORGANIC PRODUCT

FONDAZIONE UNIVERSITARIA ...

1. A device for monitoring and certifying the production process and/or product of organic crops or farming, comprising:a solar panel;
a charge controller and buffer battery;
a main power cable;
a distilled water tank;
a distilled water pump;
a container for sample collection;
a tube to run distilled water into the container;
a power cable for the distilled water pump;
a irrigation nozzle for the container;
a filtering net and water opacity, acidity and bacteriological purity sensors;
a water collection pipe for water analysis;
a motion and level sensor;
a data cable for connecting the sensors with a control system;
a cylindrical container of test tubes;
a test tube;
a stepper motor;
a pump for collecting samples;
a rotating funnel;
a nozzle for filling the test tube;
a electronic control system, the system clock;
optionally a water quality sensor made of graphene;
optionally a nozzle irrigation for sensors in graphene;
optionally a connection cable to the sensor in graphene; and
optionally a watertight box for the positioning of the device in the water, anchored to the soil.

US Pat. No. 10,598,646

HIGH DEW POINT HUMIDITY SENSOR

Reading Thermal Systems, ...

1. A high dew point humidity sensor comprising:an enclosure assembly;
an ambient temperature sensor connected to the enclosure assembly and configured to measure an ambient temperature of air external to the enclosure assembly;
an air sample intake opening and an air sample exhaust opening formed in the enclosure assembly and in fluid communication with each other;
an air sample intake tube located within the enclosure assembly and in fluid communication with the air sample intake opening;
a fluid-moving device located within the enclosure assembly, the fluid-moving device being in fluid communication with the air sample intake opening via the air sample intake tube and in fluid communication with the air sample exhaust opening;
a heater block assembly located within the enclosure assembly and in thermal communication with at least a portion of the air sample intake tube to enable heating of the air sample intake tube by the heater block assembly;
an internal temperature sensor located within the enclosure assembly and positioned to be in thermal communication with the air sample intake tube;
a humidity sensor chip located within the enclosure assembly and positioned to be in fluid communication with at least a portion of sample air flowing within the air sample intake tube during operation, the humidity sensor chip being configured to measure humidity of the sample air; and
a controller located within the enclosure assembly and configured to:
(i) collect the measured ambient temperature from the ambient temperature sensor,
(ii) collect the measured humidity of the sample air from the humidity sensor chip,
(iii) collect a measured temperature from the internal temperature sensor, and
(iv) control operation of the heater block assembly based, at least in part, on the measured ambient temperature and the measured temperature from the internal temperature sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,598,645

TESTING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AIR SENSING DEVICE

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC., ...

1. A testing system for an air sensing device, the air sensing device having a gas sensor, the testing system comprising:a controller;
a vacuum test cabinet configured for accommodating the air sensing device;
a vacuum pump connected to the vacuum test cabinet and the controller; and
a molecule generator connected to the vacuum test cabinet and the controller;
wherein the controller is configured to control the vacuum pump to extract air from the vacuum test cabinet so as to create a predetermined vacuum level; the controller is configured to control the molecule generator to generate a quantitative gas and transmit the quantitative gas into the vacuum test cabinet; the controller is configured to obtain a system value of gas data; the controller is configured to obtain a measure value of the gas data of the gas sensor of the air sensing device and compare the measure value of the gas data with the system value of the gas data for determining whether the gas sensor senses correctly.

US Pat. No. 10,598,644

GENERATION AND ANALYSIS OF CHEMICAL COMPOUND LIBRARIES

California Institute of T...

1. An instrument, comprising:samples located between a working electrode and a counter electrode assembly comprising a plurality of counter electrodes, the samples each including one or more analytes, wherein the distance between the working electrode and counter electrode assembly is less than 10 mm, and wherein the samples are immobilized directly on the working electrode assembly forming an electrical circuit;
one or more light sources that each act as a source of one or more light beams that are each incident on one or more of the samples;
an electrolyte between the working electrode and the counter electrode assembly and in contact with the samples; and
the electrolyte including a redox couple, the redox couple having an exchange current density of at least 1 mA cm?2 for platinum, gold and/or copper.

US Pat. No. 10,598,641

METHODS FOR DETERMINING INSTRUMENT LINEARITY AND QUANTIFICATION

THERMO FINNIGAN LLC, San...

1. A method of determining mass spectrometer linearity, comprising:(a) providing N isomeric analytes, wherein N is an integer from 2 to 6 inclusive;
(b) running the N isomeric analytes in two analysis runs;
wherein a first analysis run is performed using a first series of concentrations of the N isomeric analytes and a second analysis run is performed using a second series of concentrations of the N isomeric analytes interleaved in concentration with the first series of concentrations of the N isomeric analytes; and,
(c) determining an instrument linearity indicator value from a plot of mass spectrometry response versus concentrations of the N isomeric analytes, wherein the instrument linearity indicator value denotes a critical operating linearity characteristic of a mass spectrometer.

US Pat. No. 10,598,637

AUTOMATED THERMAL DESORPTION SYSTEMS CONFIGURED TO DETERMINE SAMPLE TUBE ORIENTATION AND/OR CAP PRESENCE, AND RELATED METHODS

PerkinElmer Health Scienc...

1. An automated thermal desorption system including:a sample tube including a chamber to contain an analyte;
visible indicia on the sample tube; and
an automated thermal desorption device including:
a sampling station configured to receive the sample tube and including a heating device, wherein the heating device is configured to heat the sample tube in the sampling station and thereby desorb the analyte from the sample tube;
a tube transport system including a sample tube holder configured to hold a plurality of the sample tubes, wherein the tube transport system is configured to programmatically and automatically move the sample tube from the sample tube holder to the sampling station; and
a sample tube monitoring system including:
an optical sensor configured to read the visible indicia on the sample tube in the automated thermal desorption device and to generate an output signal corresponding thereto; and
a controller configured to receive the output signal corresponding to the visible indicia from the optical sensor and to determine an orientation of the sample tube with respect to the automated thermal desorption device based on the output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,598,632

LAYERED STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING SAME

The University of British...

1. A layered structure, comprising:(a) a substrate assembly that functions as a bottom electrode;
(b) a first polymer-based layer suspended above a closed cavity, wherein the closed cavity is between the first polymer-based layer and the substrate assembly;
(c) a second polymer-based layer placed on the first polymer-based layer, wherein a portion of the second polymer-based layer that is on the first polymer-based layer is thicker than the first polymer-based layer; and
(d) a top electrode between the first and second polymer-based layers.

US Pat. No. 10,598,626

SENSOR ARRANGEMENT

1. A sensor arrangement comprising:a housing connectable with a process container and including a guiding passageway and a chamber formed therein; and
a sensor body displaceable in the guiding passageway in an axial direction between a first position and a second position, the sensor body having at least one end section that can be translated out of the housing, the at least one end section including at least one sensor element configured to register a measured variable of a measured medium,
wherein, in the first position of the sensor body, the at least one sensor element is arranged within the chamber and, in the second position of the sensor body, outside of the housing, and
wherein the at least one end section of the sensor body includes a base and a peripheral surface, and the at least one sensor element is integrated into a housing wall of the sensor body that forms a part of the peripheral surface.

US Pat. No. 10,598,624

ELECTRODES HAVING AT LEAST ONE SENSING STRUCTURE AND METHODS FOR MAKING AND USING THE SAME

Abbott Diabetes Care Inc....

1. An electrode comprising:a non-conductive material;
a conductive layer disposed on the non-conductive material, the conductive layer comprising a conductive material; and
two or more sensing structures on the conductive layer, forming an array thereof, wherein a removed portion of conductive material forms a fluid barrier perimeter surrounding each of the two or more sensing structures; and
reagent comprising analyte responsive enzyme positioned within the sensing structure.

US Pat. No. 10,598,620

NONDESTRUCTIVE TESTER

Grid Logic Incorporated, ...

1. A nondestructive tester comprising:a general inspection coil;
a plurality of detailed inspection coils, each detailed inspection coil for positioning adjacent a surface of an object to create a magnetic field;
a translation system connected to the general inspection coil and the detailed inspection coils and being operable to move at least some of the detailed inspection coils in parallel paths in a translation direction relative to the surface, the general inspection coil spanning the paths and preceding the detailed inspection coils while traveling past the surface;
a tank circuit with at least one capacitor and having a resonant frequency f, wherein:
f=1/2??LC
where L is the inductance of the respective detailed inspection coil and C is the capacitance of the at least one capacitor in the tank circuit, and f is the frequency of the magnetic field;
a voltage source connected to the tank circuit to apply a forward power to the detailed inspection coil;
a measurement circuit connected to the tank circuit to measure a reflected power from the tank circuit due to the forward power applied to the detailed inspection coil; and
an analyzer connected to the measurement circuit and determining a result of a function of the reflected power to the forward power and utilizing a result of the function to determine whether a feature is present at or below the surface along the parallel paths.

US Pat. No. 10,598,619

THERMAL PROPERTIES MEASURING DEVICE

Chung Yuan Christian Univ...

1. A thermal properties measuring device configured to measure a thermal property of a to-be-measured object, the thermal properties measuring device comprising:a heating element configured to be heated to a first temperature;
a measurement window configured to provide a heat transfer path between the to-be-measured object and the heating element, wherein the heating element and the measurement window are disposed according to a geometric relationship; and
at least one thermometer configured to measure an initial temperature of the to-be-measured object, and to measure a measured temperature of the to-be-measured object after the heating element is heated to the first temperature, wherein the initial temperature is different from the measured temperature,
wherein the thermal property of the to-be-measured object is associated with the geometric relationship, a thermal property of the heating element, the first temperature, the initial temperature, the measured temperature, and an environment temperature inside an encapsulating case or an environment temperature of an environment in which one of the at least one thermometer is used.

US Pat. No. 10,598,617

METROLOGY GUIDED INSPECTION SAMPLE SHAPING OF OPTICAL INSPECTION RESULTS

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method comprising:receiving metrology measurements and inspection measurements at a controller, wherein the metrology measurements and inspection measurements are of one or more wafers;
interpolating and/or extrapolating, using the controller, the metrology measurements over a field of a wafer thereby creating modified metrology data, wherein the field encompasses devices across a surface of the wafer, and wherein the modified metrology data is a uniform grid across the surface of the wafer;
associating, using the controller, defect attributes from the inspection measurements with the modified metrology data, wherein the modified metrology data includes an overlay vector; and
generating, using the controller, a wafer review sampling plan that is weighted based on highest variation in the defect attributes and the modified metrology data.

US Pat. No. 10,598,613

NON-DESTRUCTIVE X-RAY INSPECTION MACHINE, DEVICES PROVIDED FOR SUCH MACHINE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE SAME

DYLOG ITLALIA S.P.A., Tu...

1. A non-destructive X-ray inspection machine for individually packaged products having a bottom and a lid or cap in separate zones, said machine comprising:a conveying apparatus having a transport plane and a transport direction and adapted to convey said products along a transport direction with the bottom resting on the transport plane;
at least two X-ray emitters adapted to emit X-rays so that said X-rays pass through said products at a top-to-down angle and at a down-to-top angle, respectively, relative to the transport plane, in an inspection zone comprised in said transport plane; and
at least two X-ray sensors, one for each of said at least two X-ray emitters, said X-ray sensors being oriented so as to be orthogonal to a vertical plane including the corresponding X-ray emitter;
wherein at least one of said two emitters is freely orientable in angle, within a predetermined range, relative to the transport plane, whereby the bottom of the product is inspectable without the X-rays of said two emitters intercepting said lid or cap of said products;
wherein at least one of said two X-ray emitters is inclined on a plane corresponding to the transport plane at an angle comprised between ?20 and +20 degrees relative to perpendicular to the transport direction lying on the transport plane, and wherein said angle relative to perpendicular to the transport direction of at least one of said two emitters is at least 20 degrees relative to the angle relative to perpendicular to the transport direction of the other one of said two emitters.

US Pat. No. 10,598,612

SINGLE-SHOT METHOD FOR EDGE ILLUMINATION X-RAY PHASE-CONTRAST TOMOGRAPHY

Washington University, S...

1. A method of reconstructing a complex-valued X-ray refractive index distribution of an object having undergone X-ray phase-contrast tomography, the method comprising:acquiring at least one X-ray image of an object using an edge illumination X-ray phase-contrast tomography (EIXPCT) model derived from a 2-dimensional Radon transform, the at least one X-ray image including differential phase information;
discretizing the EIXPCT model;
jointly reconstructing the complex-valued refractive index distribution of the object using penalized least squares estimation of real and imaginary parts of the complex-valued refractive index distribution; and
solving the penalized least squares estimation using a batch gradient algorithm.

US Pat. No. 10,598,611

X-RAY PHASE IMAGING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF DETECTING DEFECT OF MATERIAL CONTAINING FIBERS

Shimadzu Corporation, Ni...

1. An X-ray phase imaging apparatus comprising:an X-ray source configured to irradiate X-rays onto fiber-reinforced plastic as a subject;
an image signal detector configured to provide an image signal based on the X-rays irradiated from the X-ray source;
a plurality of gratings arranged between the X-ray source and the image signal detector, the plurality of gratings including a first grating onto which the X-rays from the X-ray source are irradiated and a second grating onto which the X-rays that have passed through the first grating are irradiated;
an image acquisition unit configured to acquire a dark field image representing an attenuation rate of interference intensity of the X-rays in a case in which the fiber-reinforced plastic is present and in a case in which the fiber-reinforced plastic is not present based on the image signal detected by the image signal detector; and
a control unit configured to acquire information of a defect of the fiber-reinforced plastic based on the dark field image of the fiber-reinforced plastic acquired by the image acquisition unit,
wherein the control unit is configured to:
extract a pixel in which the defect exists based on a predetermined threshold value in the dark field image, and
calculate at least one of a length and a quantity of the defect by performing a thinning process based on the extracted pixel, or
wherein the control unit is configured to:
acquire a total value of luminance values of a pixel line consisting of a plurality of pixels along a predetermined direction in the dark field image, and
acquire data of a change of the total value along the direction orthogonal to the predetermined direction, and
acquire information on the number of the defect based on a number of peaks in the acquired data, or
acquire information on the length and a depth of the defect based on a height of the peaks and an area of the peaks in the acquired data.

US Pat. No. 10,598,610

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR IMAGING AND ANALYZING WOOD BLANKS AND BILLETS

KUB Technologies, Inc, S...

1. An X-ray system for analyzing materials comprising:an X-ray source;
an X-ray detector and a sample platform; and
a controller configured to:
generate a radiograph of material on the sample platform by selectively energizing the X-ray source to emit X-rays through the material to the X-ray detector along a scanned length of the material;
calculate a plurality of measured density values along the scanned length of the material;
calculate a plurality of model density values of the material from one or more of settings of the X-ray system, characteristics of the material along the scanned length of the material, and a longitudinal density variation for a particular application;
compute a difference between the measured density values and the model density values and determine if the longitudinal density variation has been exceeded; and
provide an alert as to whether the longitudinal density variation has been exceeded.

US Pat. No. 10,598,606

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR INSPECTING SPATIAL LIGHT MODULATOR, AND EXPOSURE METHOD AND DEVICE

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An exposure apparatus for exposing an object, comprising:an illumination system which supplies exposure light;
a spatial light modulator having a base and a plurality of mirrors, each reflecting the exposure light, each of the plurality of mirrors being arranged on the base in parallel with the base;
a projection optical system which projects the exposure light from the spatial light modulator onto the object; and
an inspecting system including a light receiver which receives light from the plurality of mirrors of the spatial light modulator by way of the projection optical system, the inspecting system inspects deforming state of the base on the basis of an output from the light receiver.

US Pat. No. 10,598,604

NORMAL INCIDENCE PHASE-SHIFTED DEFLECTOMETRY SENSOR, SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR INSPECTING A SURFACE OF A SPECIMEN

Cark Zeiss Industrial Met...

1. A normal incidence phase-shifted deflectometry (PSD) sensor for optically inspecting a surface of a specimen, the sensor comprising:an illumination source configured to illuminate the specimen with a light pattern, the light pattern including first areas in which light is emitted with a first light intensity and second areas in which the light is emitted with a second light intensity, the first light intensity being higher than the second light intensity, the illumination source being arranged relative to the surface of the specimen to permit the illumination source to emit the light perpendicular to the surface of the specimen;
an imaging sensor configured to capture the light pattern reflected from the surface of the specimen in a sensor image;
an optical absorber configured to absorb a first portion of the light emitted from the illumination source;
a beam splitter arranged between the illumination source and the optical absorber and configured to direct (a) the first portion of the light from the illumination source to the optical absorber, (b) a second portion of the light from the illumination source to the surface of the specimen, and (c) the light pattern reflected from the surface of the specimen to the imaging sensor; and
an imaging optic arranged between the imaging sensor and the beam splitter.

US Pat. No. 10,598,603

LIGHTING DEVICE FOR INSPECTION AND INSPECTION SYSTEM

MACHINE VISION LIGHTING I...

1. An inspection lighting device configured to irradiate inspection light onto an inspection object, the inspection lighting device comprising:a surface light source for emitting inspection light;
a lens disposed between the surface light source and the inspection object and configured to form on the inspection object an irradiation solid angle of light that is emitted from the surface light source and irradiated onto the inspection object as the inspection light; and
a first filter disposed between the surface light source and the lens and in front of or behind a focus position of the lens, centered around the focus position,
the first filter comprises a plurality of filter areas having different optical attributes, and simultaneously forms a plurality of solid angle regions having different optical attributes within the irradiation solid angle of the inspection light irradiated onto each point on the inspection object;
wherein the light that passes through the first filter forms the same irradiation solid angle on each point of the inspection object, such that within each irradiation solid angle a plurality of irradiation solid angle regions are formed in the same solid angle range by the first filter, and
wherein a shape, a size, or an inclination of the solid angle regions and an optical attribute such as a wavelength band, a polarization state, or a light amount can be set.

US Pat. No. 10,598,601

GAS CONCENTRATION MEASURING DEVICE

YANMAR CO., LTD., Osaka ...

1. A gas concentration measuring device comprising:a measurement pipe defining a channel and including:
a gas entrance portion having a tapered shape widening from a gas supply port toward a downstream side in a flow direction of a gas; and
a hollow measurement portion having a constant inner diameter and provided downstream of the gas entrance portion in the flow direction of the gas;
purge gas guide pipes connected to a side wall of the measurement pipe and provided to the measurement portion, each of the purge gas guide pipes configured to introduce purge gas into the measurement pipe, the purge gas guide pipes positioned such that a first purge gas guide pipe and a second purge gas guide pipe of the purge gas guide pipes are opposed to each other and oriented orthogonal to a longitudinal direction of the measurement pipe;
a light emitter coupled to the measurement pipe and configured to emit light; and
a light receiver coupled to the measurement pipe and configured to receive at least a portion of the light via the channel, the light receiver and the light emitter disposed on opposing sides of the measurement pipe, and
wherein the light emitter and the light receiver are configured to measure concentration of the gas passing through the measurement pipe; and
a controller configured to calculate a flow rate of purge gas supplied to the purge gas guide pipes based on:
a ratio determined based on a first value associated with a cross-sectional area of the measurement portion and a second value associated with a cross-sectional area of a gas port of the measurement pipe; and
a flow rate of gas entering the measurement pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,598,597

MULTIFOCAL IMAGING SYSTEMS AND METHOD

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A multiphoton imaging system comprising:a multiphoton light source emitting light for illuminating a biological material with multiphoton light excitation to induce a fluorescence emission at one or more foci;
a focusing lens system including an actuator coupled to an objective lens that receives light from the multiphoton light source is configured to place the one or more foci at selected depth positions within the biological material;
a scanner that provides relative movement between one or more foci receiving the illuminating light and the material to be imaged at the selected depth, the scanner configured to place the one or more foci at selected horizontal and vertical positions within the biological material, the placement of the one or more foci in horizontal, vertical, and depth positions enabling generation of three dimensional image data;
an optical system that couples light from the scanner onto a region of interest of the material, the optical system including a moveable lens to adjust focal depth in the biological material;
a detector system that detects light from the region of interest to generate image data at a plurality of different wavelengths, the detector system including a plurality of photomultiplier tube detector elements, including a first photomultiplier tube detector element that is optically coupled to the region of interest with a first optical fiber and a second photomultiplier tube detector element that is coupled to the region of interest with a second optical fiber;
a holder for the biological material, the holder being mounted on a controllable stage;
a sectioning system for sectioning the biological material;
a controller connected to the scanner, the light source, the focusing lens system, and the controllable stage to automatically control the imaging system; and
an image processor connected to the detector system that processes image data detected at different focal depths, different horizontal and vertical positions, and at different wavelengths in the biological material to generate the three dimensional image data.

US Pat. No. 10,598,593

MICRO-FLUIDIC CHIP TO PERFORM SURFACE PLASMON RESONANCE ASSAYS

HITECH ANALYTICAL AND DIA...

1. A micro-fluidic chip comprising:a chip base having a flow cell defined therein and a micro-fluidic channel defined therein, the micro-fluidic channel being fluidly connected to the flow cell to deliver fluid to and from the flow cell, the chip base further having a fluid input port fluidly connected to the micro-fluidic channel to deliver fluid thereto, and the chip base further having a fluid output port fluidly connected to the micro-fluidic channel to remove fluid therefrom;
a lens having an apex and a base, the apex being positioned within the flow cell; and
a securing portion affixed to the chip base such that the lens is sandwiched between the chip base and the securing portion, the securing portion having a cavity defined therein in a surface adjacent the chip base, the cavity to receive the base of the lens, the securing portion further having separate light input and output channels defined therein in a surface opposite the chip base, each light channel on a base side of the lens and at least partially open to the cavity such that the light input channel allows light into the cavity and the base of the lens and such that the light output channel allows light out of the cavity and the base of the lens.

US Pat. No. 10,598,590

SENSOR DEVICE AND A METHOD OF DETECTING A COMPONENT IN GAS

Senseair AB, Delsbo (SE)...

1. A sensor device comprising;a substrate defining a substrate plane,
a waveguide for guiding an electromagnetic wave, the waveguide extending in a length direction in a waveguide plane parallel to the substrate plane, the waveguide having a width in the waveguide plane in a direction perpendicular to the length direction, and a height out of the waveguide plane in a direction perpendicular to the length direction, wherein the width of the waveguide is larger than the height of the waveguide,
a support structure supporting the waveguide on the substrate,
wherein at least part of the height of the waveguide is less than the wavelength of the electromagnetic wave,
wherein the waveguide is supported on the substrate by the support structure along at least a first portion of the length direction, and the waveguide is free hanging along at least a second portion of the length direction,
wherein the waveguide is of a material of a first composition and the support structure is of a material of a second composition, and
wherein the waveguide is free hanging along a plurality of portions in the length direction, so that a plurality of support pillars are formed.

US Pat. No. 10,598,589

OPTICAL PROBE BASED ON THIN-FILM INTERFERENCE

1. A method of analysis by an optical marker, comprising:irradiating a broadband light source onto a spherical dielectric material;
measuring an interference spectrum of reflected light from the spherical dielectric material; and
analyzing the reflected light using the thin-film interference theory.

US Pat. No. 10,598,588

SENSING METHOD AND SENSING SYSTEM

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A method of sensing a target object, comprising:sensing the target object by sensing light that is derived from emitted light and has passed through the target object,
wherein the emitted light is circularly polarized light,
the sensed light is circularly polarized light,
the target object is a transparent product,
the light derived from the emitted light is incident to the target object at an angle greater than 20° and equal to or smaller than 70° that is formed with a normal line of the target object, and
two or more emitted light rays having planes of incidence different from each other are used as the emitted light.

US Pat. No. 10,598,585

SYNCHRONOUS HIGH-SPEED PHOTOGRAPHING METHOD AND DEVICE FOR MICROPARTICLE ROTATION IN LIQUID CYCLONE FIELD

EAST CHINA UNIVERSITY OF ...

1. A synchronous high-speed photographing method for microparticle rotation in a liquid cyclone field, comprising:(1) using a transparent microparticle comprising two inner cores having the same diameter and arranged centrosymmetrically as a rotation test particle;
(2) acquiring synchronously two groups of two dimensional image series of microparticle motion in the liquid cyclone field using two orthogonally arranged high-speed digital cameras; and
(3) reconstructing a three dimensional motion trajectory of the transparent microparticle from the two groups of two dimensional image series, and determining a rotation velocity of the transparent microparticle in the liquid cyclone field at the same time.

US Pat. No. 10,598,584

MASS CYTOMETRY APPARATUS AND METHODS

FLUIDIGM CANADA INC., Ma...

1. A mass cytometer comprising:a. a sampler;
b. an ion source which is an inductively coupled plasma (ICP) from an ICP torch, wherein the ICP torch comprises an injector that at the end of the injector proximal to the plasma has an internal diameter of less than 2 mm and more than 250 ?m; and
c. a mass spectrometer.

US Pat. No. 10,598,583

COMPACT BLOOD HEMATOCRIT SENSING DEVICE

Verily Life Sciences LLC,...

1. A system comprising:a conduit;
a first filter in fluid communication with the conduit, wherein the first filter comprises a material that blocks passage of red blood cells;
a second filter in fluid communication with the conduit, wherein the second filter comprises a material that blocks passage of red blood cells, and wherein the second filter has at least one hole in the material through which red blood cells can pass;
a first chamber in fluid communication with the conduit via the first filter, wherein the first chamber comprises at least one electrode; and
a second chamber in fluid communication with the conduit via the second filter, wherein the second chamber comprises at least one electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,598,582

ORTHOGONAL SUPERPOSITION RHEOMETER

WATERS TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A rotational rheometer comprising:a double wall cup having an inner cylindrical wall and an outer cylindrical wall forming an annular chamber and a central cylindrical chamber;
a cylindrical bob having a top disk portion attached to a hollow cylindrical portion by a plurality of legs, the plurality of legs having straight edges from the top disk portion to the hollow cylindrical portion, wherein the hollow cylindrical portion is dimensioned to fit within the annular chamber of the double wall cup;
a motor coupled to the double wall cup configured to rotate the double wall cup;
a transducer coupled to the cylindrical bob via a shaft attached to a center of the top disk portion configured to impose axial oscillations on the cylindrical bob;
wherein the inner cylindrical wall of the double wall cup comprises openings at a lower end of the inner cylindrical wall that allow fluid communication from the annular chamber to the central cylindrical chamber;
wherein the cylindrical bob has apertures below the top disk portion that circumscribe a substantial portion of a circumference of the top disk portion and a substantial portion of the circumference of the hollow cylindrical portion;
wherein the annular chamber is configured to contain a fluid to be tested during operation of the rotational rheometer;
wherein, during operation of the rotational rheometer, the fluid has a top surface that is in contact with the plurality of legs above the hollow cylindrical portion of the cylindrical bob and below the top disk portion of the cylindrical bob; and
wherein the apertures arranged between the plurality of legs reduce a total surface area of a meniscus of the fluid that is contact with the cylindrical bob, as the rotational rheometer operates, such that the top surface of the fluid is flat across the apertures, resulting in a reduction of a total surface tension effect attributed to the meniscus formed against the cylindrical bob wherein the legs are configured to reduce surface tension due to menisci formed between the hollow cylindrical portion of the cylindrical bob and the top disk portion of the cylindrical bob by the top surface of the fluid against the legs.

US Pat. No. 10,598,581

INLINE RHEOLOGY/VISCOSITY, DENSITY, AND FLOW RATE MEASUREMENT

ASPECT IMAGING LTD., Sho...

1. A method for performing inline rheology and density measurements on a test fluid having a density ?, comprising:flowing said test fluid through a horizontal tube of internal radius rH having an upstream end and a downstream end;
measuring, via a velocity profile measurement device, a velocity profile v(r) at a distance x0 from said upstream end for at least one value of r, 0?r?rH;
determining, via a processor, a shear rate ?(r);
calculating radius-dependent shear stress as a function of shear rate (rheogram) ?(?) for at least one value of r, 0?r?rH;
calculating at least one rheology parameter of said test fluid

flowing said test fluid through a vertical tube of internal radius rV;
measuring, via a first pressure sensor, a first pressure of said test fluid within said vertical tube at a location y1;
measuring, via a second pressure sensor, a second pressure of said test fluid within said vertical tube at a location y2; and
determining, via the processor, said density p of said test fluid in said vertical tube based on the first measured pressure and the second measure pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,598,578

TENSILE STRESS MEASUREMENT DEVICE WITH ATTACHMENT PLATES AND RELATED METHODS

STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L....

1. A method of making a tensile stress measurement device, the method comprising:providing a first semiconductor substrate comprising a first tensile stress detection circuit, the first semiconductor substrate comprising a first attachment area and a second attachment area;
surrounding the first attachment area with a first attachment plate extending outwardly in a first direction, the first attachment plate comprising an encapsulant material and configured to be attached to an object to be measured; and
surrounding the second attachment area with a second attachment plate extending outwardly in a second direction, the second direction being opposite to the first direction, the second attachment plate comprising the encapsulant material and configured to be attached to the object to be measured, the first attachment plate and the second attachment plate being separate plates attached through the first semiconductor substrate, wherein the first tensile stress detection circuit is configured to detect a tensile stress imparted on the first and second attachment plates along a plane parallel to the first and the second attachment areas.

US Pat. No. 10,598,576

PARTICLE SAMPLE PREPARATION WITH FILTRATION

Battelle Memorial Institu...

1. A sample preparation system, comprising:a capillary tube having a discharge end;
a liquid transfer line that terminates into the capillary tube, wherein:
the liquid transfer line receives a liquid comprising suspended particles; and
transfers the received liquid to the capillary tube;
a support tube having a discharge end, the support tube positioned about the capillary tube such that the discharge end of the capillary tube is spaced from and receded into the discharge end of the support tube;
a sample substrate positionable adjacent to the support tube, wherein:
the sample substrate receives the liquid discharged from the capillary tube;
the sample substrate filters the suspended particles from the liquid;
a chuck interposed between a support member and the sample substrate, the chuck operable to open and close, thereby selectively creating a seal between the sample substrate and the support tube; and
a pump that draws the liquid through the sample substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,598,575

SIZABLE TUNABLE ENRICHMENT PLATFORM FOR CAPTURING NANO PARTICLES IN A FLUID

The Penn State Research F...

1. A method of making an enrichment platform device comprising vertically-aligned carbon nanotubes (VACNT), the method comprising:depositing a single layer of metal catalyst thin film on a continuous substrate by ebeam evaporation and lift-off process;
patterning the metal catalyst thin film using lithography;
depositing carbon nanotube (CNT) precursor material on the metal catalyst thin film using chemical vapor deposition (CVD) to create VACNT such that the device comprises VACNT attached to the single layer of metal catalyst thin film that is directly attached to the continuous substrate, each VACNT being separated by a VACNT gap having a VACNT gap size, wherein at least one VACNT gap size is different from another VACNT gap size, wherein each VACNT gap size is selected to capture a particle having a particle size commensurate with the VACNT gap size so that different sized particles are releasably captured in an appropriate sized VACNT gap, the capture mechanism consisting essentially of the particles fitting in the VACNT gaps via mechanical interference; and
bonding a cover to the substrate to encase the VACNT.

US Pat. No. 10,598,571

PERFORMANCE EVALUATION APPARATUS AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION METHOD FOR WEARABLE MOTION ASSISTANCE DEVICE

CYBERDYNE INC., Tsukuba-...

1. A performance evaluation apparatus for a wearable motion assistance device to be mounted on a wearer by securing both femoral parts of the wearer and either one or both of an abdominal part and shoulder parts of the wearer to assist motions of a lower back part of the wearer,the performance evaluation apparatus comprising:
a base with first and second driving sources built therein;
right and left knee joints, each of which is connected between the base and a pair of femur links so that each knee joint can rotate freely in a pitch direction with a driving force of the first driving source transmitted to only either one of the knee joints;
right and left hip joints, each of which is connected between each femur link and a trunk link so that each hip joint can rotate freely in the pitch direction with a driving force of the second driving source transmitted to only either one of the hip joints;
a torque detecting unit that detects torque acting on an axis line of the pitch direction relative to the trunk link for each hip joint; and
a control unit that controls the driving forces by the first and second driving sources so that a posture of the trunk link and rotation angles of each hip joint and each knee joint virtually match motions of the lower back part of the wearer,
wherein the control unit evaluates performance of an assist force by the wearable motion assistance device on the basis of a detection result of the torque detecting unit according to drive control of the first and second driving sources in a state where the wearable motion assistance device is secured and mounted on both the femur links and the trunk link.

US Pat. No. 10,598,569

METHOD FOR PREDICTING ROLLING RESISTANCE OF TIRE AND DEVICE FOR PREDICTING ROLLING RESISTANCE OF TIRE

Kobe Steel, Ltd., Hyogo ...

1. A tire rolling resistance prediction method for sorting out a tire having an abnormality in rolling resistance by using a rolling resistance prediction device, the rolling resistance prediction device including: a load measurement sensor configured to measure an applied load applied to the tire when a load drum simulating a travel road surface is brought into compressive contact with a tread surface of the tire; and a displacement sensor configured to measure a position of the load drum in a load direction, the tire rolling resistance prediction method comprising:varying the applied load acting on the tire by alternately moving the load drum in a direction of approaching and leaving the tire;
calculating a phase difference between a variation of the position of the load drum and a variation of the applied load, the phase difference being calculated by comparing the time variation of the position of the load drum and the time variation of the applied load; and
sorting out the tire having an abnormality in rolling resistance based on the calculated phase difference.

US Pat. No. 10,598,568

VIBRATION MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS

Tensor Systems Pty Ltd, ...

1. A method of measuring and analyzing vibrations of a mechanical system having a reference shaft and a plurality of rotating components, including the steps of:recording vibration data from the mechanical system during operation, the vibration data comprising waveform data; and
aligning starting positions of two or more sample sets of the waveform data so as to create comparable data sets directed to a given reference position on a shaft of interest, wherein the alignment operation involves the steps of:
performing a FFT operation on the waveform data,
recording a number of revolutions of the shaft,
calculating an angular offset between the two or more sample sets, and
shifting the waveforms in an orders domain so as to align the starting positions.

US Pat. No. 10,598,567

MULTI-BOLT LOOSENING TEST MACHINE FOR FLANGE WITH TENSION, BENDING AND TORSION COMPOUND LOADING

DALIAN UNIVERSITY OF TECH...

1. A multi-bolt loosening test machine for flange with tension, bending and torsion compound loading, the multi-bolt loosening test machine for flange with tension, bending and torsion compound loading consisting of three parts: an axial load transmission part, a transverse load transmission part and a torque load transmission part,wherein the axial load transmission part comprises a bottom clamping plate (18), a thin specimen (19), a thick specimen (20), a specimen bolt (21), a bearing cap (23), a thrust ball bearing (24), a top clamping plate (25), an axial load bracket (26) and a hydraulic puller (27); the bottom clamping plate (18) and the axial load bracket (26) are fixed to a base (35); seam allowances of the thin specimen (19) and the thick specimen (20) are correspondingly assembled together, and assembled and fixed in corresponding bolt holes through the specimen bolt (21); the thin specimen (19) and the thick specimen (20) are integrally installed between the bottom clamping plate (18) and the top clamping plate (25); an outer hexagonal head of the thin specimen (19) is installed in an inner hexagonal head of the bottom clamping plate (18) and is fixed with an inner hexagonal head bolt; the end of the thick specimen (20) is installed in an inner ring of the top clamping plate (25) and is fixed with an inner hexagonal head bolt; the bearing cap (23) penetrates through the top clamping plate (25), and clamps the thrust ball bearing (24) between the bearing cap (23) and the top clamping plate (25); and one end of a hydraulic pushing pole of the hydraulic puller (27) is placed in a cylinder on the axial load bracket (26), and a hook on the hydraulic pushing pole grapples the edge of the bearing cap (23);
the transverse load transmission part comprises an eccentric coupling (1), a camshaft (2), an end cap (3), a cam connecting rod (4), a hinge pin (5), a U-type connecting rod (6), a first linear bearing (7-1), a second linear bearing (7-2), a first support plate (8-1), a second support plate (8-2), a first ?8.5 pin (9-1), a second ?8.5 pin (9-2), a third ?8.5 pin (9-3), an elastic rod (10), a short threaded part (11), an adjusting ring (12), an S-type column tension sensor (13), a long threaded part (14), a rotatable head (15), a tension plate (16), a limit plate (17) and a three-phase asynchronous motor (34); the first support plate (8-1), the second support plate (8-2) and the three-phase asynchronous motor (34) are fixed to the base (35); one end of the eccentric coupling (1) is fixed to a motor shaft of the three-phase asynchronous motor (34), and the other end is fixed together with the camshaft (2); the camshaft (2) is connected together with the cam connecting rod (4) through a ball bearing, and is sealed with the end cap (3) for dust prevention; the cam connecting rod (4) is connected with the U-type connecting rod (6) through the hinge pin (5); the first linear bearing (7-1) is fixed into the first support plate (8-1), and the U-type connecting rod (6) penetrates through the first linear bearing (7-1); one end of the elastic rod (10) is in hinge joint with the U-type connecting rod (6) through the first ?8.5 pin (9-1), and the other end is in hinge joint with one end of the short threaded part (11) through the second ?8.5 pin (9-2); the other end of the short threaded part (11) is in threaded connection with one end of the S-type column tension sensor (13), and the adjusting ring (12) is installed therebetween; the other end of the S-type column tension sensor (13) is in threaded connection with one end of the long threaded part (14); the second linear bearing (7-2) is fixed into the second support plate (8-2); the other end of the long threaded part (14) penetrates through the second linear bearing (7-2) and is in hinge joint with the rotatable head (15) through the third ?8.5 pin (9-3); the rotatable head (15) is placed in a U-type groove of the tension plate (16); the motion of the rotatable head (15) in the U-type groove of the tension plate (16) is limited through the limit plate (17); the tension plate (16) is sleeved on a middle shaft of the thickness specimen (20); the torque load transmission part comprises a torsion arm (22), a reducer bracket (28), a slider and guideway assembly (29), a bearing sleeve (30), an eccentric coupling (31) for torque, a reducer (32) and a servo motor (33);
the reducer bracket (28) is fixed to the base (35), and the servo motor (33) is externally connected with the reducer (32) and is fixed to the reducer bracket (28) jointly with the reducer (32); the output shaft of the reducer (32) is connected with the eccentric coupling (31) for torque; the eccentric coupling (31) for torque is fixed together with the upper end surface of the bearing sleeve (30); the lower end surface of the bearing sleeve (30) is fixed to a sliding block of the slider and guideway assembly (29); a guide rail of the slider and guideway assembly (29) is fixed to the torsion arm (22); and one end of the torsion arm (22) provided with an inner hexagonal head is sleeved above the tension plate (16) on an outer hexagonal head of the thick specimen (20).

US Pat. No. 10,598,565

DEFORMATION MODE ANALYSIS METHOD FOR MEMBER OF STRUCTURE, STRUCTURE REINFORCEMENT METHOD USING DEFORMATION MODE ANALYSIS METHOD, COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR DEFORMATION MODE ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURE, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...

1. A deformation mode analysis method for a member of a structure of analyzing a deformation mode of a member by performing a structural test on a structure including a single member or a plurality of members, the method comprising:analyzing the deformation mode of the structure by separating the structure into a plurality of regions and calculating deformations for every separated region, the method further comprising:
setting an outline on a member cross section of the member before deformation from a result of the structural test, setting an arbitrary first point in the outline and a second point which is different from the first point and is located on a displacement extraction surface including the member cross section, as displacement extraction points, and extracting coordinates of the first and second points before and after the member is deformed;
calculating vectors using the first point and the second point before and after the member is deformed;
calculating displacements of the first point and the second point before and after the deformation and angles formed by the vectors before and after the deformation;
calculating a translational displacement and a rotation angle of the member cross section from the displacements and the angles; and
calculating change amounts of the translational displacements and change amounts of the rotation angles of the member cross section with respect to a member axial direction of the member.

US Pat. No. 10,598,562

GAS DETECTION SYSTEMS AND METHODS USING MEASUREMENT POSITION UNCERTAINTY REPRESENTATIONS

Picarro Inc., Santa Clar...

1. A natural gas leak detection system comprising:at least one hardware processor and associated memory configured to generate display content according to gas concentration and associated wind direction and wind magnitude data characterizing a gas concentration measurement run performed by a mobile gas measurement device; and
a display device coupled to the at least one hardware processor and associated memory, the display device configured to present the display content;
wherein generating the display content comprises
identifying at least one angular search area suspected to have a natural gas leak source, the search area having an axis indicating a representative wind direction relative to a geo-referenced location of a gas concentration measurement point, and the search area having a width relative to the axis, wherein the width is indicative of a wind direction variability characterizing a plurality of wind direction measurements in an area of the gas concentration measurement point;
identifying a local potential leak source area, the local potential leak source area representing a potential local leak source area centered at the gas concentration measurement point and extending within no more than 10 meters of the gas concentration measurement point; and
graphically highlighting a part of a display of a street map selectively within the identified angular search area and local potential leak source area.

US Pat. No. 10,598,557

PRESSURE LEVEL SENSING DEVICE AND A METHOD FOR SENSING PRESSURE

Todos Technologies Ltd., ...

1. A pressure sensing device comprising:a pressure sensing element that is of microscopic scale and has a pressure level dependent thermal parameter; wherein the pressure level dependent parameter is a thermal time constant of the pressure sensing element;
a signal source that is configured to supply an input electrical signal to the pressure sensing element; and
a monitor that is configured to (a) measure electrical output signals generated by the pressure sensing element as a result of the supply of the input electrical signal and (b) estimate a pressure level applied on the pressure sensing element based on the electrical output signals by estimating the thermal time constant of the pressure sensing element based on a steady state electrical output signal and based on an initial rate of change of the electrical output signals.

US Pat. No. 10,598,555

PRESSURE SENSOR, E.G. IN SOLE FOR AN ARTICLE OF FOOTWEAR

1. A pressure sensor comprising one or more pressure-sensing cells, each of said pressure sensing cells comprising:a first flexible carrier film and a second flexible carrier film, said first and second carrier films being attached to one another by a spacer film having an opening; and
a plurality of first electrodes arranged on said first carrier film and a plurality of second electrodes arranged on said second carrier film, said plurality of first electrodes and said plurality second electrodes being arranged in facing relationship with each other in said opening in such a way that said first and second electrodes may be brought into contact with one another when pressure is exerted on said pressure-sensing cell and that contact areas between said first and second electrodes increase with increasing pressure,
wherein said first electrodes are resistive electrodes,
wherein said plurality of first electrodes comprises a first group of electrodes and a second group of electrodes, said first and second groups of electrodes being arranged so as to interdigitate while delimiting gaps there between,
wherein said plurality of second electrodes comprises a third group of electrodes and a fourth group of electrodes, said third and fourth groups of electrodes being arranged so as to interdigitate while delimiting gaps there between,
wherein said first and second carrier films carry a conductive track that includes stud portions configured to contact border portions of said first and second electrodes, wherein the border portions extend along said gaps between said first and second groups of electrodes and along said gaps between said third and fourth group of electrodes, each of the conductive track stud portions defining an equipotential line in the respective border portions,
wherein one or more electrically insulating overprints are arranged on said first carrier film so as to cover said gaps between said plurality of first electrodes, said overprints at least partially overlapping with the border portions between said first and second groups of electrodes in which said first electrodes are contacted by said conductive tracks,
and wherein a pressure-dependent cell resistance of said pressure-sensing cell is based on a size and/or shape of the one or more electrically insulating overprints.

US Pat. No. 10,598,554

THERMOCHROMIC SENSING FOR NANOCALORIMETRY

Palo Alto Research Center...

1. A nanocalorimeter device comprising:a substrate having test cells, each test cell comprising a sample location comprising:
a reaction surface suitable for an enthalpic reaction of constituents of liquid droplets;
one or more droplet movement features configured to merge the droplets; and
a layer of thermochromic material thermally coupled to the liquid droplets, wherein light emanating from the thermochromic material exhibits a spectral shift in response to a change in temperature of the liquid droplets.

US Pat. No. 10,598,553

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR IDENTIFYING ERRONEOUS DISCHARGE AIR TEMPERATURE (DAT) SENSOR INSTALLATION

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A method of monitoring a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system to detect erroneous sensor installation, the method comprising:monitoring, by a controller, operation of the HVAC system;
determining, by the controller, whether a circulation fan has been operational for a first predetermined time interval;
responsive to a determination that the circulation fan has been operational for the first predetermined time interval, determining, by the controller, whether a cooling demand is present;
responsive to a determination that the cooling demand is present, determining, by the controller, whether the HVAC system has been conditioning air for the first predetermined time interval responsive to the cooling demand;
responsive to a determination that the HVAC system has been conditioning the air for the first predetermined time interval, determining, by the controller, whether a difference between an indoor air temperature value corresponding to an enclosed space and an air temperature value from a discharge air temperature (DAT) sensor is greater than a predetermined temperature value;
responsive to a determination that the difference is not greater than the predetermined temperature value, forwarding, by the HVAC system to a monitoring device associated with a service provider, a message indicating that the DAT sensor positioned within a duct of the HVAC system is improperly installed;
responsive to a determination that the circulation fan has not been operational for the first predetermined time interval, returning to the monitoring step; and
wherein the first predetermined time interval comprises at least three minutes.

US Pat. No. 10,598,552

EMI-COMPATIBLE MECHANICAL TEMPERATURE THRESHOLD SENSOR

Rolls-Royce Corporation, ...

1. A fluid temperature sensor, comprising:a housing having an inlet;
an indicator coupled to the housing;
a support member coupled to the housing;
a container disposed within the housing, the container including a thermo-sensitive housing containing a thermal sensing element;
wherein the thermal sensing element is configured to expand in response to reaching a threshold temperature thereby moving the container from a closed position to an open position; and
wherein fluid flows through the inlet and fills the housing in the open position of the container to actuate the indicator into an activated position.

US Pat. No. 10,598,551

VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVE TEMPERATURE DETERMINATION

Trane International Inc.,...

1. A method, comprising:determining a first temperature value of a first component of a power electronics system using a temperature value of a second component of the system in thermal communication with the first component, a power loss characteristic of the power electronics system, and a thermal impedance between the first and second components;
sensing a temperature value of the first component;
determining a second temperature value of the first component using the sensed temperature of the first component and a thermal time constant of the first component; and
determining a temperature value for a third component of the system in thermal communication with the first component using the greater of the first determined temperature value of the first component and the second determined temperature value of the first component, the power loss characteristic of the drive, and a thermal impedance between the first and third components.

US Pat. No. 10,598,548

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CALIBRATING, CONFIGURING AND VALIDATING AN IMAGING DEVICE OR SYSTEM FOR MULTIPLEX TISSUE ASSAYS

Ventana Medical Systems, ...

1. A method comprising:acquiring, with a detector, a multispectral (MS) image of a reference sample that is evenly illuminated with light from a light source having spectral output with multiple spectral bands, the light source further including an optical filter having a transmission spectrum that corresponds to a spectrum of a calibrated light standard;
determining an intensity offset by comparing a distribution of intensities corresponding to a baseline image with another distribution of intensities corresponding to the acquired image;
correcting, based on the intensity offset, the acquired image to form a bias-corrected MS image;
generating an average of intensity profile characteristics corresponding to a subset of pixels in the bias-corrected MS image;
determining an integrated intensity value based on an averaged intensity profile; and
outputting the integrated intensity value.

US Pat. No. 10,598,546

DETECTING HIGH INTENSITY LIGHT IN PHOTO SENSOR

FACEBOOK TECHNOLOGIES, LL...

1. A pixel in a photo sensor, comprising:a photodiode,
a floating diffusion point, and
a transistor between the photodiode and the floating diffusion point, a gate of the transistor applied with an intermediate voltage between a turn-off voltage of the transistor and a turn-on voltage of the transistor to transfer charge from the photodiode to the floating diffusion point responsive to an intensity of light incident on the photodiode during an exposure phase exceeding a threshold intensity, the gate of the transistor applied with the turn-on voltage in a sensing phase subsequent to the exposure phase to transfer the charge from the photodiode to the floating diffusion point.

US Pat. No. 10,598,545

ADJUSTABLE HOUSING FOR SENSOR

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. An adjustable sensor assembly comprising:a housing including a housing body;
a photoelectric sensor including a sensor body and a pivot axis;
a spring configured to rotationally bias the sensor body about the pivot axis relative to the housing body in a spring-bias direction; and
a rotatable element configured to pivot the sensor body in a direction opposite the spring-bias direction.

US Pat. No. 10,598,539

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INTELLIGENT AIRFLOW SENSORS

Feather Sensors LLC, Mil...

1. A fluid flow sensing system comprising:a housing having a chamber that is sized and dimensioned to allow fluid to pass therethrough;
a flap provided within said chamber, wherein the fluid causes said flap to move when the fluid passes thereover;
a sensor coupled to said flap for generating an output signal when said flap moves, said sensor configured to sense a displacement of said movable flap in at least two directions;
a determining unit for receiving said output signal of said sensor and in response thereto, determining flow rate data associated with the fluid;
a correction unit for receiving said flow rate data and applying a correction function to said flow rate data to correct for a non-linear response of said flap; and
wherein said non-linear response is an exponential decay of said flap response and said correction function corrects said exponential decay.

US Pat. No. 10,598,535

DISPENSER AND METHODS

Plastek Industries, Inc.,...

1. A dosing bottle closure (24) comprising:a body (26) comprising:
a sidewall (50) extending from a lower rim (54) to an upper rim (62); and
means (58) along the sidewall for engaging a container body (22); and
a lid (27) hinged relative to the body for articulation between a closed condition and an open condition,wherein:the body defines an internal upwardly open chamber (25) at least partially covered by the lid in the closed condition;
the body defines:
a feed passageway (100) having an outlet (110) to the chamber (25); and
a vent conduit (300);
the vent conduit has a first opening (306) and a second opening (308);
with the closure upright, the first opening is an upper opening;
with the closure upright, the second opening is a lower opening;
with the closure upright, the second opening is a lower opening to the rear of an inlet (120) of the feed passageway; and
with the closure upright, the vent conduit extends downward below said inlet (120) of the feed passageway.

US Pat. No. 10,598,533

LIMITING A CURRENT DRAWN BY TWO OR MORE METER ASSEMBLIES

Micro Motion, Inc., Boul...

1. A method of limiting a current drawn by two or more meter assemblies, the method comprising:driving a first meter assembly with a first drive signal;
comparing one or more operating parameters of the first meter assembly to an operating threshold; and
driving a second meter assembly with a second drive signal based on the comparison to prevent a current drawn by the first meter assembly and the second meter assembly from exceeding a current threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,598,527

DIFFERENTIAL FLOW MEASUREMENT WITH CORIOLIS FLOWMETER

Weatherford Technology Ho...

1. An apparatus for measuring a main flow rate of flow through a flowline, the apparatus comprising:a differential pressure device disposed in the flowline and producing a pressure drop in the flow from an upstream side of the differential pressure device to a downstream side of the differential pressure device;
piping diverting a portion of the flow in the flowline from an inlet on the upstream side of the differential pressure device to an outlet on the downstream side of the pressure device;
a flowmeter in fluid communication with the piping and measuring a parameter of the diverted portion of the flow;
a processing unit receiving the measured parameter from the flowmeter, the processing unit determining a diverted flow rate of the diverted portion of the flow from the measured parameter and correlating the determined diverted flow rate to a value of the main flow rate through the flowline; and
a control manifold of a drilling system disposed on the flowline downstream of the differential pressure device and receiving the flow of drilling fluid returns from a borehole.

US Pat. No. 10,598,521

METROLOGY SYSTEM

DWFritz Automation, Inc.,...

1. A metrology bridge to be coupled to a measurement assembly, comprising:a housing;
mounting members coupled to the housing, the mounting members are to rotatably couple the housing to the measurement assembly; and
one or more sensor devices mounted within the housing, wherein each sensor element of each of the one of or more sensor devices are aligned along a length of the housing and are directed out of the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,598,519

OPTICAL FIBER STRAIN MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND OPTICAL FIBER STRAIN MEASUREMENT METHOD COMPRISING A TRANSMITTER-SIDE OPTICAL BANDPASS FILTER

Oki Electric Industry Co....

1. An optical fiber strain measurement apparatus comprising:a transmission unit configured to generate probe light; and
a reception unit including a receiver-side optical bandpass filter that extracts a Stokes component of Brillouin backscattered light from backscattered light which is caused by the probe light in a measurement target optical fiber, and a self-delayed heterodyne interferometer that detects a change in a frequency shift amount of the Stokes component as a phase difference, wherein
the transmission unit includes
a directly-modulated light source configured to generate an optical pulse, and
a transmitter-side optical bandpass filter provided in a stage following the directly-modulated light source, and configured to transmit wavelength of an ON level of the optical pulse as the probe light, and block wavelength of an OFF level.

US Pat. No. 10,598,516

GRIPPING STATE DETECTION DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDSOSHA KABUSHIKI...

1. A gripping state detection device, comprising:an electrostatic capacitance measuring unit configured to measure an electrostatic capacitance that changes according to a gripping state of a driver with respect to a steering wheel of a vehicle;
a temperature detector that detects a temperature of the steering wheel; and
a controller configured to
determine which of a first steering state that is a state in which it is certain that the steering wheel is gripped by the driver, a second steering state that is a state transitioning from the first steering state and is a state in which it is certain that the steering wheel is gripped by the driver, and a hands-off state that is a state in which it is certain that the steering wheel is not gripped by the driver or a possibility that the steering wheel is not gripped by the driver is high has occurred based on the electrostatic capacitance and
output a first determination result, which indicates that the steering wheel is gripped by the driver, in a case where the determined state is the first steering state or the second steering state and, output a second determination result, which indicates that the steering wheel is not gripped by the driver, in a case where the determined state is the hands-off state,
wherein the controller is configured to
i) in a case where the determined state is the hands-off state, subsequently determine that the first steering state has occurred when the controller determines that the electrostatic capacitance is equal to or greater than a first threshold electrostatic capacitance
ii) in a case where the determined state is the first steering state, subsequently determine that the second steering state has occurred when the controller determines that the electrostatic capacitance is smaller than a second threshold electrostatic capacitance, which increases as the temperature increases, and
iii) in a case where the determined state is the second steering state, subsequently determine that the hands-off state has occurred when the controller determines that an electrostatic capacitance differential value, which is an amount of change per unit elapsed time of the electrostatic capacitance, is equal to or less than a first threshold electrostatic capacitance differential value.

US Pat. No. 10,598,514

MAGNETIC FIELD SENSOR TO DETECT SPEED OF ANGULAR ROTATION OF A ROTATING MAGNETIC STRUCTURE, DIRECTION OF THE ROTATING MAGNETIC STRUCTURE OR FAULT

Allegro MicroSystems, LLC...

1. An integrated circuit (IC) comprising:a magnetic field sensor to detect speed and direction of angular rotation of a rotating magnetic structure, the magnetic field sensor comprising:
at least two magnetic field sensing elements configured to sense changes in a magnetic field caused by rotation of the magnetic structure;
an output port configured to provide an output signal of the magnetic field sensor, a frequency of the output signal indicating the speed,
wherein the output signal at a first amplitude and at a second amplitude each indicates the magnetic structure rotating in a first direction,
wherein the output signal at a third amplitude and at a fourth amplitude each indicates the magnetic structure rotating in a second direction opposite the first direction, and
wherein the output signal at a fifth amplitude and at a sixth amplitude each indicates one or more faults.

US Pat. No. 10,598,508

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR EMS NAVIGATION USER INTERFACE

ZOLL Medical Corporation,...

1. A method for interfacing with a user of an emergency medical services (EMS) navigation device, the method comprising:receiving, at the device, an incident assignment from a dispatcher remote from the device, the incident assignment from the dispatcher corresponding to an EMS incident;
in response to receiving the incident assignment from the dispatcher, displaying only an easy response button with a touch screen communicably coupled with the device, wherein the easy response button captures only an acceptance of the incident assignment, has an area substantially as large as the touch screen, and displays a time that has elapsed since the incident assignment was received from the dispatcher;
detecting a user's touch anywhere on the easy response button on the touch screen; and
updating, in response to detecting the user's touch anywhere on the easy response button, a status of the EMS navigation device to indicate that the user is en route to a location associated with the incident assignment.

US Pat. No. 10,598,507

SYSTEMS, METHODS, AND APPARATUS FOR LOCATING OBJECTS

1. A system for locating an object attached to a location tag comprising:a first user device having a display;
a first location tag, paired with the first user device, generating a location signal;
the first user device programmed to:
receive the location signal
generate a direction vector based on the location signal
generate and display a direction element, on the display, based on the location signal, indicative of the location of the location tag; and,
generate and display identification information related to the object, on the display, upon receipt of the location signal;
wherein the direction element is an animated arrow pointing toward the location tag.

US Pat. No. 10,598,506

AUDIO NAVIGATION USING SHORT RANGE BILATERAL EARPIECES

1. A method for providing binaural audio navigation with a set of earpieces including a left earpiece and a right earpiece, the method comprising:obtaining a generalized position of a user of the set of the earpieces;
obtaining a destination for the user of the set of the earpieces;
sensing head orientation and head movement with inertial sensors of the set of earpieces;
applying a binaural synthesis algorithm using the generalized position, the destination, the head orientation and the movement to create a plurality of virtual sound sources;
transducing binaural audio based on the virtual sound sources at speakers within the set of the earpieces in order to provide binaural audio navigation to the user;
wherein the plurality of virtual sound sources includes a main virtual sound source providing a continuous audio cue;
wherein the plurality of virtual sources includes auditory landmark cues.

US Pat. No. 10,598,504

VEHICLE CONTROL DEVICE AND VEHICLE COMPRISING THE SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A vehicle control device comprising:at least one processor;
a communication device implemented by the at least one processor and configured to communicate with a voice input device, and at least one of an audio output device, or a display of the vehicle, wherein the voice input device comprises at least one microphone, and wherein the audio output device comprises a first speaker and a second speaker; and
a computer-readable medium coupled to the at least one processor having stored thereon instructions which, when executed by the at least one processor, causes the at least one processor to perform operations comprising:
determining that a preset event has occurred;
based on the determination that the preset event has occurred, instructing the communication device to output a message configured to prompt a first vocal response from a first passenger in the vehicle, wherein the message is at least one of a visual type, an audible type, or a tactile type;
receiving, through the voice input device, the first vocal response from the first passenger in the vehicle;
in response to the received first vocal response, determining an identity of the first passenger; and
performing a function associated with the vehicle in accordance with the identity of the first passenger,
wherein the operations further comprise:
receiving, through the voice input device, a second vocal response from a second passenger of the vehicle, the second vocal response including a request for execution of a function associated with the vehicle;
in response to the received second vocal response, determining an identity of the second passenger and authority of the second passenger to execute applications installed on the vehicle in accordance with one or more characteristics associated with the second passenger;
based on the identity of the first passenger, executing a first voice recognition service associated with the first passenger;
based on the identity of the second passenger, executing a second voice recognition service associated with the second passenger,
determining the first speaker of the audio output device corresponding to a position of the first passenger;
determining, by the first voice recognition service, first audible messages for the first passenger;
instructing the communication device to output the first audible messages through the first speaker;
determining the second speaker of the audio output device corresponding to a position of the second passenger;
determining, by the second voice recognition service, second audible messages for the second passenger;
instructing the communication device to output the second audible messages through the second speaker;
determining that the function requested for execution by the second passenger is not allowed under the authority of the second passenger; and
based on the determination that the function requested by the second passenger is not allowed under the authority of the second passenger, instructing the communication device to output a guidance message requesting an approval for execution of the function from the first passenger through the first speaker.

US Pat. No. 10,598,500

SEAMLESS HANDOVER OF ONGOING ACTIVITIES BETWEEN A VEHICLE AND A WEARABLE DEVICE

DAIMLER AG, Stuttgart (D...

1. A method, comprising:inputting a destination into a wearable device;
transferring, by the wearable device, the destination to a wireless phone that is paired with the wearable device;
providing, by a wearable device, walking guidance to a vehicle;
determining, by the wireless phone, that the wearable device has reached the vehicle;
establishing a connection between the wireless phone and a device in the vehicle;
transferring the destination from the wireless phone to the device in the vehicle over the established connection; and
providing driving navigation guidance to the destination by the device in the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,598,499

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ACCELERATED MAP-MATCHING

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A computer implemented method of matching a series of geolocation measurements to a map using a Viterbi algorithm by determining transition probabilities between pairs of candidate points for consecutive geolocation measurements, wherein the map comprises a plurality of paths, the method comprising:segmenting the map into a plurality of segments; and
when a distance of the consecutive geolocation measurements is less than or equal to a segment length:
determining the transition probability between two candidate points based on a Euclidian distance between the two candidate points and a route distance between the two candidate points; wherein the route distance is equal to the Euclidean distance plus a first predetermined value when the two candidate points are not in the same segment as each other.