US Pat. No. 10,432,401

SECURE FILE SHARING METHOD AND SYSTEM

Security First Corp., La...

1. A method for securely storing data, the method comprising:encrypting, using at least one hardware processor, a dataset using a cryptographic key;
encrypting the cryptographic key with a first key-encryption key to generate a first encrypted key;
encrypting the cryptographic key with a second key-encryption key to generate a second encrypted key;
generating a plurality of key shares, each key share comprising: a portion of the first encrypted key and a portion of the second encrypted key, wherein the cryptographic key is restorable from a minimum number of the plurality of key shares; and
storing the plurality of key shares separately in at least one storage location.

US Pat. No. 10,432,400

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PRIVACY PRESERVING DISCLOSURE OF A SHARED, IDENTITY LINKED SECRET

Southern Methodist Univer...

1. A method for disclosing a private information comprising:providing a communications system comprising an initiating client device and one or more receiving client devices communicably coupled to a server device;
selecting two or more user identifiers and a first random number using the initiating client device, wherein the two or more user identifiers include a target user;
creating a first encrypted data by encrypting the first random number with a private key associated with the initiating user using the initiating client device;
creating a challenge by encrypting the first encrypted data and the private information with a public key associated with the target user using the initiating client device;
sending the challenge and the two or more user identifiers from the initiating client device to the server device;
making the challenge available to each receiving client device associated with the two or more user identifiers using the server device;
obtaining a first information and a second encrypted data by decrypting the challenge with a private key associated with a receiving user using the receiving client device, wherein the first information equals the private information whenever the receiving user is the target user;
selecting a first user identifier using the receiving client device;
obtaining a second random number by decrypting the second encrypted data with a public key associated with the first user identifier using the receiving client device, wherein the second random number equals the first random number whenever the first user identifier corresponds to the initiating user;
obtaining a first hash value by applying a one-way hash function to the second random number using the receiving client device;
selecting a third random number using the receiving client device;
creating a third encrypted data by encrypting the third random number with a private key associated with the receiving user using the receiving client device;
creating a counter-challenge by encrypting the third encrypted data with a public key associated with the first user identifier using the receiving client device;
creating a first verification value by concatenating the first hash value and a second hash value and then applying the one-way hash function using the receiving client device, wherein the second hash value comprises the one-way hash function applied to the third random number;
sending the counter-challenge and the challenge from the receiving client device to the server device;
making the counter-challenge available to the initiating client device using the server device;
obtaining a fourth encrypted data by decrypting the counter-challenge with a private key associated with the initiating user using the initiating client device, wherein the fourth encrypted data equals the third encrypted data whenever the first user identifier is associated with the initiating user;
obtaining a fourth random number by decrypting the fourth encrypted data with a public key associated with the target user using the initiating client device;
obtaining a third hash value by applying the one-way hash function to the fourth random number using the initiating client device;
creating a second verification value by concatenating the third hash value and a fourth hash value and then applying the one-way hash function using the initiating client device, wherein the fourth hash value comprises the one-way hash function applied to the first random number; and
determining whether the initiating user and the target user have shared the private information by comparing the first verification value to the second verification value using the initiating client device, the receiving client device and the server device.

US Pat. No. 10,432,399

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR STORING CONTEXT INFORMATION IN A MOBILE DEVICE

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A method for execution at a node in a wireless communication network, the method comprising:transmitting, toward a mobile device for storage thereon, both: context information associated with the mobile device and encrypted by a node in the wireless network different than the mobile device using an encryption key; and an indication of a location of a cryptographic key, the location being at a network node different than the mobile device, the context information, in encrypted form, including an authentication code for authenticating the context information and cryptographically binding the context information to the mobile device; and
storing the cryptographic key at the indicated location, the cryptographic key associated with the encryption key and for decrypting the encrypted context information.

US Pat. No. 10,432,398

PRIME NUMBER PREDICTION

1. A method, comprising:receiving a message requiring public key encryption;
converting the message to a number M and generating an encrypted message E where E=Me(mod n), wherein e is at least a part of a public key and d is a private key, wherein d and e are related by de?(1 mod (totient(n))) and (e (totient(n)))=1, wherein n is a product of two predicted prime numbers computed by:
for a first index set consisting of a range of consecutive positive integers x, finding a list of prime numbers, p(x):
using prime-indexed primes (PIPs), q(s,k,x), to select values of s (prime-index-prime shift), and k (prime-index order), whereby q(s,1,x)=p(x), q(s,2,x)=p(p(x)), and so on finding a list of PIPs q(s,2,x);
performing an nth-order finite difference operation on the lists q(s,1,x) and q(s,2,x) to generate lists ?(h,n){q}(s,1,x) and ?(h,n){q}(s,2,x), where ? is a finite difference operator, h is a finite difference spacing parameter, and n is an order of finite differencing;
performing a regression of ?(h,n){q}(s,2,x) on ?(h,n){q}(s,1,x)
from the regression of ?(h,n){q}(s,2,x) on ?(h,n){q}(s,1,x), deriving a fitting function and coefficients for the fitting function;
from the fitting function and from a second index set consisting of a range of consecutive positive integers z, deriving a list of predicted finite-differenced PIPs E[?(h,n){q}(s,2,z)];
performing an inverse nth-order finite difference operation on the list E[?(h,n){q}(s,2,z)], thereby deriving a list of predicted PIPs E[q(s,2,z)];
using the derived list E[q(s,2,z)] as a means of forecasting, predicting, or refining estimated bounds of q(s,2,x); and
predicting prime numbers of at least order 1075 from the derived values of x and E[?(h,n){q}(s,2,x)] and/or E[q(s,2,x)] and;
sending the encrypted message over a network.

US Pat. No. 10,432,396

METHOD, APPARATUS, AND SYSTEM FOR IDENTITY AUTHENTICATION

ALIBABA GROUP HOLDING LIM...

18. An identity authentication device for a quantum key distribution process, the identity authentication device comprising:a memory storing a set of instructions; and
one or more processors configured to execute the set of instructions to cause the identity authentication device to perform:
encoding an identity authentication bit string with a key bit string into quantum state information including quantum states of the identity authentication bit string interleaved with quantum states of the key bit string according to a preset basis vector selection rule, wherein the quantum state information of the encoded identity authentication bit string enables a receiving peer device to select a receiver authentication key from identity authentication information obtained by measuring quantum states using measurement bases in accordance with the preset basis vector selection rule,
sending the quantum state information to a peer device;
and,
wherein the encoded identity authentication bit string and the encoded key bit string are sent using different wavelengths enabling the peer device to distinguish the encoded identity authentication bit string from the encoded key bit string.

US Pat. No. 10,432,395

RECIPIENT-DRIVEN DATA ENCRYPTION

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A system, comprising:a quantum key device configured to generate quantum information and transmit the quantum information over a first quantum communication channel and a second quantum communication channel;
a first device communicatively coupled to the quantum key device over the first quantum communication channel;
a second device communicatively coupled to the quantum key device over the second quantum communication channel;
a monitor module configured to detect, at the first device, that the second device is reading the quantum information over the second quantum communication channel;
a read module configured to read, at the first device, the quantum information over the first quantum communication channel responsive to detecting that the second device is reading the quantum information over the second quantum communication channel;
an encryption module at the first device configured to:
generate a first quantum encryption key using the generated quantum information that is read over the first quantum communication channel; and
encrypt data using the first quantum encryption key to create encrypted data; and
a transmission module at the first device configured to transmit the encrypted data to the second device, the second device decrypting the encrypted data to create decrypted data using a second quantum encryption key generated at the second device using the generated quantum information read at the second device, wherein the first quantum encryption key being the same as the second quantum encryption key,
wherein at least a portion of the modules comprise one or more of a hardware circuit, a programmable hardware device, or executable code, the executable code stored on one or more computer readable storage media.

US Pat. No. 10,432,393

ARCHITECTURE AND INSTRUCTION SET FOR IMPLEMENTING ADVANCED ENCRYPTION STANDARD (AES)

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A system comprising:a system memory to store instructions and data; and
a processor comprising:
a plurality of cores;
a level 1 (L1) instruction cache to store instructions;
a level 1 (L1) data cache to store data;
instruction fetch circuitry to fetch the instructions from the L1 instruction cache;
decode circuitry to decode a Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD) instruction specifying that only a single encryption round of the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is to be performed, wherein the SIMD instruction has an encrypt/decrypt parameter that is dedicated to specification of whether either one of the single encryption round or a single decryption round of the AES is to be performed;
a Read Only Memory (ROM) to store micro-operations for the SIMD instruction;
a first 128-bit source register to store first input data;
a second 128-bit source register to store second input data; and
an execution unit including AES execution circuitry, wherein, in response to execution of the SIMD instruction, the AES execution circuitry is to execute the micro-operations to perform a plurality of operations to perform only the single encryption round, including an exclusive OR (XOR) of the first input data and the second input data, a byte substitution transform, and a shift rows transform, and is to store a result to a 128-bit destination storage location.

US Pat. No. 10,432,392

FRAME SYNCHRONIZATION METHOD, PROCESSOR, AND COMMUNICATION APPARATUS

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A frame synchronization method comprising:comparing a first reference signal arranged at a predetermined position in a received signal with a first known signal pattern;
calculating a maximum value of a first cross correlation value;
estimating a C/N ratio of the received signal, using the maximum value of the A first cross correlation value;
setting a correlation threshold for detecting a frame synchronization according to the estimated C/N ratio;
comparing a second reference signal for a frame synchronization with a second known signal pattern, the second reference signal being arranged at a predetermined position in the received signal;
calculating a second cross correlation value according to the comparison of the second reference signal with the second known signal pattern; and
detecting timing at which the second cross correlation value first exceeds the correlation threshold as a frame synchronization point.

US Pat. No. 10,432,390

METHOD, DEVICE, AND SYSTEM FOR THE RECEIVER-SIDE DETERMINATION OF A SCANNING INSTANT

1. A method for receiver-side determination of a sampling time of a continuous data signal and for detecting a bit value within a bit width of a serial bit data stream, comprising:receiver-side measuring at least one filter coefficient of the continuous data stream, provided for modulating the continuous data signal to be transmitted by way of a data signal compensation device, wherein at least one filter coefficient before and at least one filter coefficient after a sampling which is carried out are measured, and
determining the sampling time as a function of the at least one measured filter coefficient and a provided sampling time metric, in such a way that an amplitude of the continuous data signal to be transmitted achieves a maximum at this sampling time, wherein the sample time metric provides that the sampling time is determined as a function of a sum of signal strengths of the measured filter coefficients, wherein the sampling time metric provides that the sampling time is located at a minimum of the sum of the signal strengths of the measured filter coefficients.

US Pat. No. 10,432,389

RECEIVER WITH ENHANCED CLOCK AND DATA RECOVERY

Rambus Inc., Sunnyvale, ...

1. An integrated circuit to receive an incoming data signal arriving at the integrated circuit via a conductive signal path, the incoming data signal carrying a sequence of bits, the integrated circuit comprising:circuitry to measure voltage of the incoming data signal at respective data sampling times, each data sampling time corresponding to a respective one of the bits in the sequence, and to produce first multi-bit values that each represent magnitude of the incoming data signal measured at the respective data sampling time;
circuitry to compare each first multi-bit value with a multi-bit decision threshold, and to responsively produce a decision as to logic state of the corresponding one of the bits of the sequence; and
circuitry to provide equalization, by combining for each first multi-bit value at least one of the first multibit value or the multi-bit decision threshold, prior to comparison, with equalization.

US Pat. No. 10,432,387

DYNAMIC TIME DIVISION DUPLEXING

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication, comprising:receiving a first control message within a first control region of a first transmission time interval (TTI) that has a first duration;
receiving a second control message within a second control region of a second TTI that has a second duration that is less than the first duration;
receiving, in the first control region or the second control region, a time division duplex (TDD) pattern indicator for the second TTI; and
determining a TDD pattern for the second TTI by reading a table including a plurality of TDD pattern indicator entries associated with respective TDD patterns, and selecting, based at least in part on the received TDD pattern indicator, the TDD pattern for the second TTI that is associated with a TDD pattern indicator entry of the table corresponding to the received TDD pattern indicator, wherein the TDD pattern changes a transmission direction for the second TTI.

US Pat. No. 10,432,386

FLEXIBLE TIME DIVISION DUPLEXING (TDD) SUBFRAME STRUCTURE WITH LATENCY REDUCTION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

25. An apparatus for wireless communication, comprising:a processor;
memory in electronic communication with the processor; and
instructions stored in the memory and operable, when executed by the processor, to cause the apparatus to:
identify a legacy uplink/downlink (UL/DL) configuration which defines legacy subframe configuration options for each subframe of a frame, wherein the legacy subframe configuration options comprise a UL subframe configuration, a DL subframe configuration, or a special subframe configuration;
determine a constraint for a subframe of the frame based at least in part on whether the legacy subframe configuration for the subframe is the UL subframe configuration, the DL subframe configuration, or the special subframe configuration;
determine an adaptive subframe configuration for the subframe of the frame based at least in part on the constraint, wherein the adaptive subframe configuration comprises at least one downlink (DL) symbol period and at least one uplink (UL) symbol period regardless of whether the legacy subframe configuration for the subframe is the UL subframe configuration, the DL subframe configuration, or the special subframe configuration, and wherein determining the adaptive subframe configuration for the subframe comprises determining a number of DL symbols in the at least one DL symbol period and a number of UL symbols in the at least one UL symbol period based at least in part on the legacy subframe configuration for the subframe; and
communicate during the subframe according to the adaptive subframe configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,432,385

METHOD AND USER EQUIPMENT FOR IMPLEMENTING DEVICE TO DEVICE COMMUNICATIONS BETWEEN UES

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for a proximity service (ProSe) by a network entity, the method comprising:receiving, from a user equipment (UE), an attach request message including UE capability information for a ProSe service;
receiving, from the UE, a service request message for the ProSe service, the service request message including an identification of the UE;
obtaining, from a server, an address of a packet data network gateway (PGW) based on the identification of the UE which is a UE to be discovered by another UE, wherein a packet data network (PDN) bearer of the other UE is pre-established based on the PGW;
selecting the PGW for establishing a PDN bearer of the UE based on the obtained address of the PGW; and
transmitting, to a base station, a context setup request message including information indicating that the UE is authorized to use the ProSe service associated with a registered public land mobile network (PLMN) based on subscription information of the UE,
wherein the subscription information of the UE is received from a home subscriber server (HSS) and includes first subscription information for a ProSe direct discovery, second subscription information for a ProSe direct communication and third subscription information for a ProSe UE-to-network relay, and
wherein authorization information for the ProSe service is obtained by the UE, the authorization information for the ProSe service including a discovery range.

US Pat. No. 10,432,383

METHOD FOR ENABLING A BASE STATION TO DECODE DATA RECEIVED FROM A FIRST WIRELESS DEVICE USING A NETWORK CODED FORM OF THE DATA RECEIVED FROM A SECOND WIRELESS DEVICE

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method performed by a base station of a radio network, for supporting communication over a cellular radio link between the base station and a first wireless device, the method comprising:obtaining a first path gain of the cellular radio link between the base station and the first wireless device;
obtaining a second path gain of a cellular radio link between the base station and a second wireless device;
obtaining a third path gain of a Device-to-Device (D2D) radio link between the first wireless device and the second wireless device;
when the first, second, and third path gains satisfy respective predefined conditions, instructing the second wireless device to apply network coding on first data transmitted from the first wireless device and on second data transmitted from the base station, and to transmit, to the base station and the first wireless device, a network coded form of the first and second data;
receiving a radio signal with the first data transmitted from the first wireless device; and
using the network coded form of the first and second data, transmitted by the second wireless device, for decoding the first data,
wherein a transmit power PUE,NWC of at least one of the first and second wireless devices is set as:
PUE,NWC=min[PMAX,max[A,B]],whereA=P0cell??cell·GUE-BS+10·log10Mcell,
B=P0D2D??D2D·GD2D+10·log10 MD2D,
PMAX is a maximum allowed transmit power,
P0cell is a base power level to control a cellular Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR),
?cell is a path loss compensation factor applied on the respective cellular radio link,
GUE-BS is the path gain of the respective cellular radio link,
Mcell is a number of scheduled Physical Resource Blocks (PRBs) on the respective cellular radio link,
P0D2D is a base power level to control a D2D SNR,
?D2D is a path loss compensation factor applied on the D2D radio link,
GD2D is the third path gain of the D2D radio link, and
MD2D is a number of scheduled PRBs on the D2D radio link.

US Pat. No. 10,432,382

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR FEEDING BACK CHANNEL QUALITY INFORMATION AND SCHEDULING APPARATUS AND METHOD USING THE SAME IN A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for transmitting channel quality indicator (CQI) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:obtaining, at a mobile station, a wideband CQI;
transmitting, at the mobile station, the wideband CQI based on a first period;
obtaining, at the mobile station, a sub-band CQI for a sub-band selected by the mobile station; and
transmitting, at the mobile station, both the sub-band CQI and an index for the sub-band based on a second period,
wherein the first period for a wideband CQI report is based on N times of the second period for at least one sub-band CQI report,
wherein the N is an integer number greater than 1 and is configured by a base station to which the wideband CQI and the sub-band CQI are transmitted,
and wherein at least one sub-band CQI for at least one sub-band is transmitted between two consecutive wideband CQIs.

US Pat. No. 10,432,381

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING MULTIPLE USER BLOCK ACKNOWLEDGEMENT FRAME IN WIRELESS LAN SYSTEM, AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

12. An Access Point (AP) for transmitting a Block Acknowledgement (BA) signal for transmission data of a plurality of Stations (STAs) in a Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) system, the AP comprising:a transceiver configured to receive the transmission data from the plurality of STAs and to transmit a multi-STA BA frame for the transmission data received from the plurality of STAs; and
a processor connected to the transceiver and configured to process the transmission data and to generate the multi-STA BA frame,
wherein the processor is configured to generate the multi-STA BA frame to include a Media Access Control (MAC) header field, a BA control field, and a BA information field,
wherein the BA information field includes an individual information field including
Association Identifier (AID) information for one or more STAs to which ACK/Negative ACK is directed among the plurality of STAs, and
BA indicator information indicating whether the BA Information field includes one or more of a block ACK bitmap subfield and a starting sequence control subfield, and
wherein the processor does not include the block ACK bitmap subfield and the starting sequence control subfield in the BA information field, and the BA information field indicates ACK for all MAC Protocol Data Units (MPDUs) received by the transmission data, when the BA indicator information of the individual information field indicates a first value.

US Pat. No. 10,432,380

DYNAMICALLY CONFIGURABLE HYBRID AUTOMATIC REPEAT REQUEST (HARQ) CONFIGURATION

Verizon Patent and Licens...

1. A device, comprising:a memory; and
one or more processors to:
detect a trigger to alter a hybrid automatic repeat request (HARQ) configuration for a network based on a determination that an alteration to a network architecture or network deployment has occurred;
select a HARQ parameter relating to the HARQ configuration that is to be altered based on detecting the trigger to alter the HARQ configuration;
determine a first HARQ configuration for a first logical network slice and a second HARQ configuration for a second logical network slice based on selecting the HARQ parameter; and
communicate with one or more network devices of the network to cause the one or more network devices to implement the first HARQ configuration for the first logical network slice and the second HARQ configuration for the second logical network slice.

US Pat. No. 10,432,378

USE OF REFERENCE SIGNALS TO IMPROVE USER EQUIPMENT (UE) WARM-UP BEFORE TRANSITIONING FROM AN OFF DURATION OF THE UE TO AN ON DURATION OF THE UE WITH RESPECT TO A RADIO FREQUENCY SPECTRUM BAND

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication at a user equipment (UE), comprising:identifying a transmission timing of a control reference signal transmitted over a radio frequency spectrum band during an OFF duration of the UE with respect to the radio frequency spectrum band, the identified transmission timing being relative to a transition from the OFF duration to an ON duration of the UE with respect to the radio frequency spectrum band, and the OFF duration and the ON duration coordinated with a wireless network;
receiving the control reference signal at the identified transmission timing;
receiving, during a pre-wake-up duration between the transmission timing of the control reference signal and the ON duration, a control channel including at least one of an indication of an aperiodic channel state information reference signal (CSI-RS) transmission timing or a transmission request; and
performing a warm-up procedure, before the ON duration, based at least in part on the identified transmission timing of the control reference signal and the pre-wake up duration.

US Pat. No. 10,432,377

METHOD AND BASE STATION FOR TRANSMITTING DOWNSTREAM LINK DATA, AND METHOD AND USER DEVICE FOR RECEIVING DOWNSTREAM LINK DATA

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting, by a base station (BS), downlink signals to a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:mapping, by the BS, layers 0 to N?1 for downlink data to demodulation reference signal (DM-RS) ports 0 to N?1; and
transmitting, by the BS, the downlink data and DM-RSs for the DM-RS ports 0 to N?1 in a subframe,
wherein the DM-RSs for the DM-RS ports 0 to N?1 are transmitted through first and second time-frequency reference sets using predefined orthogonal cover codes (OCCs) according to a predefined rule,
wherein the first time-frequency resource set is different from the second time-frequency resource set,
wherein the predefined rule maps DM-RS ports 0, 1, 4 and 6 to the first time-frequency resource set and DM-RS ports 2, 3, 5 and 7 to the second time-frequency resource set,
wherein the layers 0 to N?1 correspond to the DM-RS ports 0 to N?1, respectively, and
wherein N is larger than 5.

US Pat. No. 10,432,375

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND METHOD HAVING AUTOMATIC SELF-CONFIGURATION MECHANISM

WISTRON NEWEB CORPORATION...

10. A wireless communication system having automatic self-configuration mechanism, comprising:a first transceiver configured to perform a wireless network scan process to obtain a channel status by executing a wireless network scan program, and the channel status includes channel loadings of a plurality of channels; and
a second transceiver wirelessly communicated with the first transceiver,
wherein the first transceiver is configured to select one of the plurality of channels with the channel loading lower than a channel loading threshold;
wherein the first transceiver is configured to send a sounding signal to a second transceiver through the selected one of the plurality of channels;
wherein the second transceiver is configured to receive the sounding signal;
wherein the second transceiver is configured to obtain channel status information (CSI) from the sounding signal, and
wherein the second transceiver is configured to determine whether a total data amount of the CSI is larger than a data amount threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,432,374

REPORTING UPLINK CHANNEL FEEDBACK IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for wireless communication, comprising:receiving downlink signaling from an access point;
deriving, based at least in part on at least one of a covariance matrix or the downlink signaling, one or more precoders for uplink communications over an uplink channel;
indicating, based at least in part on the one or more precoders, uplink channel feedback to the access point; and
receiving, from the access point and in response to indicating the uplink channel feedback, a precoder indication to use the one or more precoders or one or more other precoders in transmitting uplink communications to the access point.

US Pat. No. 10,432,373

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FACILITATING REFERENCE SIGNAL TRANSMISSION

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method in a base station for communicating with a terminal device in a wireless communication system, the terminal device being configured with at least a primary carrier and a secondary carrier for carrier aggregation, the method comprising:determining whether the primary carrier and the secondary carrier are in a same frequency band;
based on whether the primary carrier and the secondary carrier are in the same frequency band, determining a measurement gap, the measurement gap indicating a time interval for the terminal device to switch from the primary carrier to the secondary carrier for transmitting a reference signal to the base station over the secondary carrier and to switch back to the primary carrier, the measurement gap being smaller where the primary carrier and the secondary carrier are in the same frequency band and larger where the primary carrier and the secondary carrier are not in the same frequency band;
triggering the terminal device to transmit the reference signal over the secondary carrier according to the measurement gap; and
obtaining a channel estimation based on the reference signal received from the terminal device during the measurement gap.

US Pat. No. 10,432,372

APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING BROADCAST SIGNALS, APPARATUS FOR RECEIVING BROADCAST SIGNALS, METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING BROADCAST SIGNALS AND METHOD FOR RECEIVING BROADCAST SIGNALS

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for receiving broadcast signals by an apparatus for receiving broadcast signals, the method comprising:receiving the broadcast signals including at least one signal frame that includes multiple frames;
detecting a robust preamble at a beginning of the at least one signal frame, wherein a duration of the robust preamble is extensible in Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex (OFDM) symbol periods;
demodulating data of the at least one signal frame by an OFDM scheme;
parsing the at least one signal frame;
decoding service data in the at least one signal frame,
wherein a frame type of each frame is defined based on a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) size, a guard interval length and a pilot pattern, and
wherein when two adjacent frames having different frame types are multiplexed in the signal frame, a preceding frame further includes a tail edge symbol being positioned at an end of the preceding frame.

US Pat. No. 10,432,371

DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD, USER EQUIPMENT, AND BASE STATION

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A data transmission method, comprising:receiving, by user equipment, a first reference signal set sent by a base station;
obtaining, by the user equipment based on the first reference signal set and a first codeword-to-layer mapping, channel state information (CSI) that comprises a rank indicator (RI) and a channel quality indicator (CQI), and sending the CSI to the base station, wherein the first codeword-to-layer mapping comprises a first mapping between at least one codeword and at least one transport layer, and the transport layer is a transport layer between the base station and the user equipment;
receiving, by the user equipment, a second reference signal set sent by the base station; and
receiving, by the user equipment based on the second reference signal set and a second codeword-to-layer mapping, data sent by the base station, wherein a quantity of layers to which at least one codeword is mapped in the first codeword-to-layer mapping is less than a quantity of layers to which a codeword is mapped in the second codeword-to-layer mapping, and the first codeword-to-layer mapping comprises a second mapping between at least one codeword and the at least one transport layer,
wherein the first codeword-to-layer mapping comprises mappings between three codewords and three layers, wherein one codeword is allowed to be mapped to only one layer, each codeword is successively mapped to a corresponding layer in sequence, an index value of a layer to which a codeword is mapped is equal to an index value of the codeword, and a sequence formed by index values of layers to which the codewords are mapped is a cyclic shift of a sequence formed by index values of the codewords.

US Pat. No. 10,432,370

TRANSMISSION AND PROCESSING OF HIGHER ORDER MODULATION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of wireless communication at a User Equipment (UE), comprising:identifying properties associated with reference signals of a received payload of a downlink transmission by determining at least one of a number of resource elements carrying reference signals within the received payload, locations of resource elements carrying the reference signals within the received payload, a sequence received in the reference signals within the received payload, or a number of bundled resource block pairs with a same precoding within the received payload, wherein the reference signals facilitate channel estimation and are within the received payload;
determining a payload structure including a coding rate associated with the payload based on the identified properties associated with the reference signals of the received payload; and
decoding the received payload based on the determined payload structure.

US Pat. No. 10,432,367

LINK ADAPTATION METHOD IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM EMPLOYING INTER-CELL INTERFERENCE RANDOMIZATION TECHNIQUE

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for performing interference randomization for inter-cell interference control and link adaptation by a serving cell, the method comprising:determining at least one coordination cell, to which interference coordination is to be applied, among neighbor cells,
wherein the neighbor cells include a 1st neighbor cell directly neighboring the serving cell and a 2nd neighbor cell directly neighboring the 1st neighbor cell;
receiving a cell list of the neighbor cells from the 1st neighbor cell;
generating a cell list of the at least one coordination cell, based on the cell list of the neighbor cells;
acquiring information related to a modulation level representing a modulation scheme of the at least one coordination cell, based on the cell list of the at least one coordination cell, from the 1st neighbor cell; and
performing the link adaptation based on the information related to the modulation level,
wherein the information related to the modulation level includes information related to at least one of an average modulation level and a minimum modulation level for each of the at least one coordination cell.

US Pat. No. 10,432,365

USER TERMINAL, RADIO BASE STATION AND RADIO COMMUNICATION METHOD

NTT DOCOMO, INC., Tokyo ...

1. A user terminal communicating with a radio base station by carrier aggregation using a plurality of component carriers (CC), the user terminal comprising:a receiver that receives a downlink (DL) signal transmitted from each of the CCs; and
a processor that measures the DL signal based on a measurement requirement,
wherein a first measurement requirement of a first secondary CC to which listening before transmission is applied is different from a second measurement requirement of a second secondary CC to which the listening before transmission is not applied, and
a lower limit value of Signal to Interference plus Noise power Ratio (SINR) of a DL signal to detect in measurement of the first secondary CC is higher than a lower limit value of SINR of a DL signal to detect in measurement of the second secondary CC.

US Pat. No. 10,432,364

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PERFORMING SIGNALING FOR RESERVED SUB-BAND IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for a first station (STA) to communicate signals with a plurality of STAs in a wireless local area network (WLAN), the method comprising:preparing, at the first STA, resource allocation information for data to be transmitted to or received from the plurality of STAs; and
transmitting, by the first STA, the resource allocation information to the plurality of STAs,
wherein the data is transmitted to or received from the plurality of STAs through a frequency band based on the resource allocation information,
wherein the frequency band includes a null subband which is not used to transmit or receive the data by the plurality of STAs,
wherein the resource allocation information includes a common resource allocation bitmap having a same value for the plurality of STAs,
wherein the common resource allocation bitmap informs the plurality of STAs of various sizes of each of subbands,
wherein each of the subbands is a unit to be allocated to the plurality of STAs or to be allocated as the null subband, and
wherein the resource allocation information further includes ID fields, separate from the common resource allocation bitmap, the ID fields including:
a first ID field informing identification information of a STA among the plurality of STAs, and
a second ID field informing the null subband by using a specific value of the ID field.

US Pat. No. 10,432,363

PAGE HEALTH PREDICTION USING PRODUCT CODES DECODER IN NAND FLASH STORAGE

SK hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. An operating method of a memory system comprising:performing
reading data from a page in a NAND memory of the memory system to generate a set of codewords;
starting to decode the set of codewords and generating decoder information therefrom, the decoder information including information generated before completing the decode operation in a current iteration including a number of codewords not successfully decoded in each past iteration and during a portion of the current iteration;
predicting a bit error rate (BER) of the page before completing the decode operation in the current iteration in accordance with at least the decoder information; and
evaluating the predicted BER and generating an evaluation result to determine whether to complete the decode operation in the current iteration, and when it is determined to complete the decode operation in the current iteration, further determine a type of decoding to be used in completing the decode operation.

US Pat. No. 10,432,361

METHOD FOR ESTABLISHING DOWNLINK HARQ-ACK TIMING AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

KT CORPORATION, Gyeonggi...

1. A method of establishing, by a user equipment, downlink HARQ-ACK timing when a primary cell and a secondary cell having different duplex modes are established for the user equipment, the method comprising:receiving, by the user equipment, a downlink signal on the secondary cell; and
applying, by the user equipment, HARQ-ACK timing established to be used in the duplex mode of the primary cell as HARQ-ACK timing regarding the received downlink signal, when the user equipment transmits an HARQ-ACK for the downlink signal on the primary cell,
wherein when the primary cell is established as a time division duplex (TDD) primary cell and the secondary cell is established as a frequency division duplex (FDD) secondary cell,
the applying of the HARQ-ACK timing comprises applying HARQ-ACK timing included in an uplink subframe-specific downlink association set established to be used in the TDD primary cell, as HARQ-ACK timing for the downlink signal received on the FDD secondary cell,
wherein when an interval of a switch-point periodicity of the uplink subframe-specific downlink association set established for the TDD primary cell is K where the K is one of 5 and 10, the applying of the HARQ-ACK timing comprises: adding, by the user equipment the K to the uplink subframe-specific downlink association set; and applying the K added uplink subframe-specific downlink association set as HARQ-ACK timing for the TDD primary cell and the FDD secondary cell regarding the downlink signal
wherein the applying of the HARQ-ACK timing comprises: applying, by the user equipment HARQ-ACK timing added to a single uplink subframe within a switch-point periodicity established for the TDD primary cell, as HARQ-ACK timing regarding the downlink signal, and wherein when an interval of the switch-point is 10 subframes, the single uplink subframe is a subframe 2, and when the interval of the switch-point is 5 subframes, the single uplink subframe is a subframe 3, and
wherein the applying of the HARQ-ACK timing comprise: applying, by the user equipment HARQ-ACK timing added to the uplink subframe-specific downlink association set of the TDD primary cell according to a sequence of a downlink subframe in which the downlink signal is transmitted, as HARQ-ACK timing regarding the downlink signal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,360

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PERFORMING HARQ BASED ON POLAR CODES

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for performing a Hybrid Automatic Repeat request (HARQ) based on polar codes, comprising:transmitting, by a transmitter, a first packet to a receiver;
receiving, by the transmitter, a re-transmission request for the first packet from the receiver; and
transmitting, by the transmitter, a second packet to the receiver,
wherein the first packet includes at least one information bit and at least one frozen bit,
wherein the second packet includes at least one information bit and at least one frozen bit, and
wherein an information bit having a smallest mutual information corresponding to a bit channel within the first packet is re-transmitted through a first bit channel capable of transmitting at least one information bit included in the second packet, or
wherein a new information bit is transmitted through a second bit channel capable of transmitting at least one information bit included in the second packet.

US Pat. No. 10,432,359

INFORMATION TRANSMISSION METHOD AND INFORMATION TRANSMISSION DEVICE

CHINA ACADEMY OF TELECOMM...

5. An information transmission device, comprising:a processor;
a memory connected to the processor via a bus interface and configured to store therein programs and data for the operation of the processor; and
a transceiver configured to communicate with any other device over a transmission medium,
wherein the processor is configured to call and execute the programs and data stored in the memory, to:
determine information to be repeatedly transmitted within a repetition time period containing a plurality of subframes;
determine a redundancy version corresponding to each subframe in the repetition time period, and perform a rate matching on a bit stream acquired by encoding the information based on the redundancy version corresponding to the each subframe; and
transmit the bit stream processed through the rate matching to an opposite end, wherein a plurality of consecutive subframes among the plurality of subframes in the repetition time period corresponds to an identical redundancy version;
wherein the processor is further configured to call and execute the programs and data stored in the memory, to determine the redundancy version corresponding to a current subframe based on at least one predetermined redundancy version and a usage rule of the at least one predetermined redundancy version;
wherein the processor is further configured to call and execute the programs and data stored in the memory, to:
determine an initial redundancy version as the redundancy version corresponding to a first subframe, wherein the initial redundancy version is one of the at least one predetermined redundancy version; and
determine the redundancy version corresponding to the current subframe among the subframes subsequent to the first subframe based on the at least one predetermined redundancy version, a usage order of the at least one predetermined redundancy version, a number of times repeating each redundancy version, and a number of times the redundancy version corresponding to a previous subframe relative to the current subframe is repeated;
wherein the processor is further configured to call and execute the programs and data stored in the memory, to:
with respect to each subframe in the repetition time period subsequent to the first subframe, in the case that the number of times the redundancy version corresponding to the previous subframe relative to the current subframe is repeated is smaller than the number of times repeating the redundancy version corresponding to the previous subframe relative to the current subframe, determine the redundancy version corresponding to the previous subframe relative to the current subframe as the redundancy version corresponding to the current subframe; and
in the case that the number of times the redundancy version corresponding to the previous subframe relative to the current subframe is repeated is equal to the number of times repeating the redundancy version corresponding to the previous subframe relative to the current subframe, determine the redundancy version following the redundancy version corresponding to the previous subframe relative to the current subframe in the usage order of the at least one predetermined redundancy version as the redundancy version corresponding to the current subframe;
and
the processor is further configured to call and execute the programs and data stored in the memory, to pre-store redundancy version pattern information, or in the case that the information transmission device is a net work device, determine the redundancy version pattern information and then notify the redundancy version pattern information to a User Equipment (UE) end at the opposite end,
wherein the redundancy version pattern information relates to the at least one redundancy version and the usage order of the at least one redundancy version;
and
the processor is further configured to call and execute the programs and data stored in the memory, to determine the initial redundancy version, or determine the initial redundancy version and notify the initial redundancy version to the opposite end.

US Pat. No. 10,432,358

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING AND RECEIVING DATA IN COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method for operating a transmit device, the method comprising:generating, by a hardware processor, parity bits by adding at least one shortened bit to bits comprising information bits to generate input bits for an encoding if a number of the information bits is less than a number of the input bits for the encoding, and applying the encoding to the input bits;
identifying, by the hardware processor, a type of a signal to be transmitted to a receive device, the type of the signal corresponding to a protection level of the signal;
determining, by the hardware processor, a first parameter and a second parameter based on the type of the signal;
determining, by the hardware processor, a number of temporary puncture bits using the first parameter and the second parameter;
determining, by the hardware processor, a number of puncture bits by adjusting the number of temporary puncture bits based on a modulation order of the signal;
puncturing, by the hardware processor, at least one bit among the parity bits according to the number of the puncture bits;
generating the signal based on remaining bits of the parity bits after the puncturing, and
transmitting, by a transceiver, to the receive device, the signal,
wherein the first parameter is a ratio of a number of bits to be punctured to a number of bits to be shortened, and is multiplied by a number of the at least one shortened bit to generate a multiplication result, and
wherein the second parameter is an integer that is added to the multiplication result to determine the number of temporary puncture bits.

US Pat. No. 10,432,355

ENHANCED ERROR PROTECTION FOR HIGH PRIORITY COMMUNICATION SESSIONS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, at a communication application implemented at a client device, user input to initiate a communication session over a network;
detecting that the communication session comprises a high priority communication session;
in response to detecting that the communication session comprises a high priority communication session, enhancing error protection for data of the high priority communication session at an application layer between the communication application and a communication service; and
communicating the data of the high priority communication session with the enhanced error protection over the network to the communication service.

US Pat. No. 10,432,353

MEMORY-EFFICIENT METHODS OF TRANSPORTING ERROR CORRECTION CODES IN A SYMBOL ENCODED TRANSMISSION STREAM

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A method of transporting error correction codes (ECCs) in a transmission stream and reduce a buffer size at a receiver, the method being implemented using a transmission stream encoder comprising a processor, the method comprising:encoding, by the processor, a data stream from a data source into data symbols using a symbol encoder;
buffering, by the processor, the data symbol in a data stream buffer;
generating, by the processor, first ECCs from the data symbols;
encoding, by the processor, the first ECCs into first error correction code (ECC) symbols using the symbol encoder;
generating, by the processor, second ECCs from the first ECCs; and
encoding, by the processor, the second ECCs into second ECC symbols using the symbol encoder;
merging, by the processor, the data symbols stored in the data stream buffer and the first ECC symbols and the second ECC symbols into the transmission stream, the first and second ECC symbols being merged before the data symbols into the transmission stream; and
transmitting, by the processor, the merged transmission stream to a sink device via a communication link, the first ECC symbols being transmitted before the data symbols.

US Pat. No. 10,432,352

FAST INITIALIZATION OF DOWNLINK ADAPTATION

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method for downlink link adaptation in a network node in a communication system, said network node serving a cell and active user equipment within said cell, wherein said method comprises:obtaining uplink path gain and downlink Signal to Interference and Noise Ratio (SINR) for at least a subset of active user equipment in said cell;
estimating an initial downlink SINR for a new user equipment in said cell, based on an estimated uplink path gain together with a determined statistical measure for said obtained uplink path gain and downlink SINR for said at least a subset of active user equipment in said cell; and
utilizing said estimated initial downlink SINR for downlink link adaptation for a subsequent transmission to said new user equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,432,350

METHOD FOR ADJUSTING PARAMETERS OF SENDING DEVICE AND RECEIVING DEVICE, AND TERMINAL DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method for adjusting parameters in a digital subscriber line (DSL) system which comprises a sending device and a receiving device, the method comprising:acquiring, by the sending device, a new precoding parameter that needs to be used by the sending device, wherein the new precoding parameter comprises at least a new precoding matrix for precoding processing on a signal to be sent from the sending device;
acquiring, by the sending device, a new signal recovery parameter that needs to be used by the receiving device for modulating receiving precoded signals and matches the new precoding parameter;
sending, by the sending device, the new signal recovery parameter and a time to the receiving device, the time indicating at which the receiving device starts to use the new signal recovery parameter; and
using, by the sending device, the new precoding parameter at the time.

US Pat. No. 10,432,349

DATA BLOCK TRANSMISSION WITH VARIABLE RETRANSMISSION FEEDBACK TIME

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method of controlling wireless transmission of data blocks between a transmitter and a receiver based on a retransmission protocol with a variable value of a feedback time, the method comprising:determining, by the transmitter, the value of the feedback time, wherein the feedback time defines a time interval between transmission of a data block by the transmitter and transmission of a feedback message by the receiver indicating whether the data block was successfully received by the receiver; and
controlling, by the transmitter, transmission of the data block to the receiver based on the determined value of the feedback time.

US Pat. No. 10,432,348

WIRELESS SIGNAL TRANSMISSION METHOD AND SYSTEM

ZTE CORPORATION, Guangdo...

1. A wireless signal transmission method, comprising:transmitting, by a transmitting station, a wireless signal to one or more receiving stations, wherein the wireless signal comprises a first portion and a second portion, the first portion being a trigger frame with a first type of frame format which can be independently decoded, the second portion being a specific signal with a second type of frame format; and
receiving, by the transmitting station, a radio frame transmitted by at least one of the plurality of receiving stations,
wherein a Media Access Control (MAC) layer frame header of the trigger frame comprises indication information of at least one of a frame type and a subframe type, the at least one of the frame type and the subframe type is used for indicating that the trigger frame is configured to trigger the plurality of receiving stations to transmit the radio frame, and the specific signal with the second type of frame format is provided after the trigger frame,
wherein a condition of deciding that the specific signal with the second type of frame format is provided after the trigger frame comprises: the frame type of the trigger frame and the indication information or a sequence in the trigger frame implying that the specific signal with the second type of frame format is provided after the trigger frame; and
wherein the indication information or the sequence in the trigger frame further implying that the specific signal comprises at least one of: a length and a format.

US Pat. No. 10,432,347

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD OF COMMUNICATING A WIRELESS TRANSMISSION ACCORDING TO A PHYSICAL LAYER SCHEME

INTEL IP CORPORATION, Sa...

1. An apparatus comprising logic and circuitry configured to cause a wireless communication station to:modulate a plurality of fields of a frame according to a Single Carrier (SC) scheme, the plurality of fields comprising a Short Training Field (STF), a Channel Estimation Field (CEF), a first header, and a second header, the first header comprising a first indication to indicate a presence of the second header, the first header comprising a second indication to indicate whether a data portion of the frame is to be modulated according to the SC scheme or according to an Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) scheme;
modulate the data portion of the frame according to the SC scheme or the OFDM scheme, in accordance with the second indication in the first header; and
transmit the frame in a frequency band above 45 Gigahertz (GHz).

US Pat. No. 10,432,344

SPATIAL REUSE OF WI-FI CHANNELS WITH INTERFERENCE ESTIMATION AND CONTROL

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. An apparatus of a station (STA) configured to operate in a wireless local area network (WLAN) that includes an access point (AP), the apparatus comprising:processing circuitry to decode a wireless frame from the AP that includes an interference-management parameter that is based on a predefined acceptable interference level for the WLAN and represents an interference-management condition, the STA associated with the AP; and
processing circuitry to initiate spatial reuse operation based on a frame exchange with the AP, wherein the spatial reuse operation includes:
determination of whether a first frame to be transmitted by the STA at an intended power level during transmission of a second frame by a remote device, satisfies the interference-management condition,
wherein upon receipt of the second frame, the processing circuitry is configured to set a network allocation vector (NAV) of the STA for a duration of the second frame and determine if the second frame is associated with another WLAN that the STA is not associated with; and
initiation of transmission by the STA of the first frame during the duration of the second frame without resetting the NAV, the transmission of the first frame being performed in a spatial-reuse mode of operation at the intended power level if the interference-management condition is satisfied and if the second frame is associated with another WLAN,
wherein if the second frame is not associated with another WLAN, the processing circuitry inhibits transmission of the first frame until after the duration of the second frame.

US Pat. No. 10,432,343

INTEGRATION OF CELLULAR PHONE DETECTION AND REPORTING INTO A PRISON TELEPHONE SYSTEM

1. An inmate telephone system incorporating a cellular telephone detection system for detecting unauthorized cellular telephone usage within predetermined zones within a facility, comprising:a first cellular telephone transmission detector having a first zone of detection and configured to produce a first detection signal upon detection of a cellular telephone transmission within the first zone of detection, the first detection signal indicating that the first cellular telephone transmission was detected within the first zone of detection and including first information indicative of a first detection time;
a second cellular telephone transmission detector having a second zone of detection and configured to produce a second detection signal upon detection of the cellular telephone transmission within the second zone of detection, the second detection signal indicating that the second cellular telephone transmission was detected within the second zone of detection and including second information indicative of a second detection time; and
a cellular telephone detector processor having an interface device coupled to each of the first and second cellular telephone transmission detectors, the cellular telephone detector processor configured to:
receive the first and second detection signals; and
determine that the first detection signal and the second detection signal are indicative of the same detected cellular telephone transmission based on the first detection time, the second detection time, and whether the first zone of detection overlaps the second zone of detection.

US Pat. No. 10,432,342

ROUTING AND REGENERATOR PLANNING IN A CARRIER'S CORE RECONFIGURABLE OPTICAL NETWORK

1. A method comprising:determining, by a multi-layer network planning system comprising a processor executing instructions to implement a greedy constrained-routing regenerator location problem algorithm, in consideration of an optical layer of a multi-layer network and an upper layer of the multi-layer network that utilizes the optical layer to create links between a first set of nodes of the upper layer, a set of regenerator sites that have previously been found to cover at least a portion of paths among a second set of nodes of the optical layer of the multi-layer network;
determining, by the multi-layer network planning system, a set of candidate regenerator sites in the optical layer of the multi-layer network for use by the links between the first set of nodes of the upper layer, wherein each regenerator site of the optical layer can be selected as a candidate regenerator site for the links;
determining, by the multi-layer network planning system, a binary path matrix for the links between the first set of nodes of the upper layer;
determining, by the multi-layer network planning system, a best regenerator site from the set of candidate regenerator sites;
moving, by the multi-layer network planning system, the best regenerator site from the set of candidate regenerator sites into the set of regenerator sites for the links; and
updating, by the multi-layer network planning system, the binary path matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,432,340

OPTICAL PORT AUTO-NEGOTIATION METHOD, OPTICAL MODULE, CENTRAL OFFICE END DEVICE, AND TERMINAL DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method, comprising:generating a coded interaction message by coding a first interaction message using a random code;
generating a handled interaction message by processing a data signal and the coded interaction message; and
transmitting the handled interaction message.

US Pat. No. 10,432,339

PROCESS OF ASSEMBLING OPTICAL RECEIVER MODULE

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. A process of assembling an optical receiver module that receives a wavelength multiplexed signal that multiplexes optical signals attributed to wavelengths different from each other and generates electrical signals corresponding to the optical signals, the process comprising steps of:mounting a wavelength selective filter (WSF) on a carrier, the WSF transmitting a first wavelength multiplexed signal that multiplexes a portion of the optical signals, the WSF reflecting a second wavelength multiplexed signal that multiplexes rests of the optical signals;
mounting a prism on the carrier, the prism including a first surface that reflects the wavelength multiplexed signal toward the WSF and a second surface that receives the second wavelength multiplexed signal reflected by the WSF;
mounting a mirror on the carrier, the mirror reflecting the first wavelength multiplexed signal transmitting through the WSF;
mounting a first optical de-multiplexer (o-DeMux) and a second o-DeMux on the carrier, the first o-DeMux de-multiplexing the first wavelength multiplexed signal coming from the mirror, the second o-DeMux de-multiplexing the second wavelength multiplexed signal coming from the second surface of the prism; and
wherein the wavelength multiplexed signal entering the first surface of the prism has an optical axis; and
wherein the step of mounting the WSF includes a step of setting an optical axis of the WSF perpendicular to the optical axis of the wavelength multiplexed signal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,335

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REAL-TIME BROADCAST AUDIENCE ENGAGEMENT

1. A method of real-time broadcast audience engagement comprising:identifying a plurality of shows currently being broadcast live;
providing a list of shows currently being broadcast to an audience member;
receiving the audience member's selection of a show from the list;
providing the audience member with a binary reaction interface for the selected show;
receiving the audience member's binary reaction based on the audience member's interaction with the binary reaction interface;
aggregating binary reactions from a plurality of audience members for the selected show;
providing the selected show a real-time summary of the plurality of binary reactions from the plurality of audience members; and
providing the selected show a real-time summary of one or more metrics of audience engagement,
wherein a first metric of audience engagement comprises an engagement score calculated by dividing a total number of binary reactions received for the selected show in a predetermined period of time by a total number of audience members for the selected show, multiplied by a normalization factor, and
wherein a second metric of audience engagement comprises a comparison-to-market engagement score calculated by subtracting an average engagement score for other shows in the market from the engagement score for the selected show.

US Pat. No. 10,432,333

APPARATUS FOR TRANSMITTING BROADCAST SIGNAL AND METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING BROADCAST SIGNAL USING LAYERED DIVISION MULTIPLEXING

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A broadcast signal transmission apparatus comprising a processor and a memory storing at least one instruction to be executed by the processor, wherein the at least one instruction is configured to:generate a multiplexed signal by combining a core layer signal and an enhanced layer signal at different power levels;
generate a power-reduced multiplexed signal by reducing power of the multiplexed signal to a power level corresponding to the core layer signal;
generate a time-interleaved signal by performing interleaving that is applied to both the core layer signal and the enhanced layer signal in the power-reduced multiplexed signal;
generate a broadcast signal frame using the time-interleaved signal;
generate L1 signaling information including injection level information corresponding to the enhanced layer signal; and
generate a pilot signal that is shared by a core layer corresponding to the core layer signal and an enhanced layer corresponding to the enhanced layer signal,
wherein the pilot signal is assigned to subcarrier locations in time and frequency domains.

US Pat. No. 10,432,330

BASE STATION WIRELESS CHANNEL SOUNDING

1. A method comprising:selecting, by a processing system of a base station, a blank resource of a time and frequency resource grid of the base station for a transmission of a channel sounding waveform, wherein the blank resource comprises at least one time-frequency resource block of the time and frequency resource grid that is reserved for forward compatibility or for legacy system usage; and
transmitting, by the processing system, the channel sounding waveform via the blank resource.

US Pat. No. 10,432,327

ANTENNA ARRAY CALIBRATION METHOD AND APPARATUS

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. An antenna array calibration method for use with an antenna array comprising first target antennas, second target antennas, a first antenna dummy element and a second antenna dummy element at one end of the antenna array, and a third antenna dummy element and a fourth antenna dummy element at the other end of the antenna array, wherein the first antenna dummy element and the fourth antenna dummy element are configured to receive calibration signals, the second antenna dummy element and the third antenna dummy element are configured to transmit calibration signals, an amplitude-phase response of the first antenna dummy element is the same as an amplitude-phase response of the fourth antenna dummy element, an amplitude-phase response of the second antenna dummy element is the same as an amplitude-phase response of the third antenna dummy element, and a difference value between coupling factors of adjacent antennas in the antenna array is less than a preset value, the method comprising:when the first target antennas transmit calibration signals and the second target antennas receive the calibration signals, separately determining, based on a difference value between each of amplitude-phase responses of transmit channels corresponding to antennas in the first target antennas and the amplitude-phase response of the third antenna dummy element, calibration compensation values of the transmit channels corresponding to the antennas in the first target antennas, and performing calibration processing on the transmit channels corresponding to the antennas in the first target antennas;
separately determining, based on a difference value between each of amplitude-phase responses of receive channels corresponding to antennas in the second target antennas and the amplitude-phase response of the fourth antenna dummy element, calibration compensation values of the receive channels corresponding to the antennas in the second target antennas, and performing calibration processing on the receive channels corresponding to the antennas in the second target antennas;
when the second target antennas transmit calibration signals and the first target antennas receive the calibration signals, separately determining, based on a difference value between each of amplitude-phase responses of transmit channels corresponding to the antennas in the second target antennas and the amplitude-phase response of the second antenna dummy element, calibration compensation values of the transmit channels corresponding to the antennas in the second target antennas, and performing calibration processing on the transmit channels corresponding to the antennas in the second target antennas; and
separately determining, based on a difference value between each of amplitude-phase responses of receive channels corresponding to the antennas in the first target antennas and the amplitude-phase response of the first antenna dummy element, calibration compensation values of the receive channels corresponding to the antennas in the first target antennas, and performing calibration processing on the receive channels corresponding to the antennas in the first target antennas.

US Pat. No. 10,432,326

METHOD, APPARATUS, DEVICE, AND SYSTEM FOR ANTENNA ALIGNMENT

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A method for antenna alignment for use by an apparatus for antenna alignment in a system having a first antenna and a second antenna, wherein the first antenna comprises multiple antenna units, the method comprising:performing, according to a target preset condition, adjustment processing on a phase and an amplitude of a signal transmitted by each antenna unit of the first antenna, wherein the target preset condition includes a width of a target beam is less than or equal to a target width, wherein the second antenna is located within a coverage scope of the target beam, and wherein the target beam is formed by signals transmitted by the multiple antenna units of the first antenna after the adjustment processing;
determining that a difference between a horizontal angle of the target beam and a mechanical horizontal angle of a current mechanical location of the first antenna is a horizontal angle that needs to be adjusted of the first antenna;
determining that a difference between a pitch angle of the target beam and a mechanical pitch angle of the current mechanical location of the first antenna is a pitch angle that needs to be adjusted of the first antenna; and
adjusting the mechanical horizontal angle and the mechanical pitch angle of the first antenna according to the horizontal angle that needs to be adjusted and the pitch angle that needs to be adjusted.

US Pat. No. 10,432,325

TESTING PHASE NOISE IN OUTPUT SIGNAL OF DEVICE UNDER TEST USING TRANSFORMABLE FREQUENCY SIGNALS

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A method for testing phase noise in an output signal of a device under test (DUT), the method comprising:performing a first process including:
reducing one of a plurality of portions of the output signal of the DUT from an initial frequency to a transformable frequency,
filtering the selected portion of the output signal at the transformable frequency outside a predetermined bandwidth to create a filtered portion of the output signal,
applying a Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) to the filtered output signal for the selected portion of the output signal to create a transformed portion of the output signal, and
repeating the reducing, the filtering, and the applying until a transformed portion of the output signal is created for each of the plurality of portions of the output signal; and
upon completing the first process, perform a second process including:
combining each transformed portion of the output signal to create a total FFT for the output signal of the DUT, and
calculating a phase noise for the output signal of the DUT based on the total FFT for the output signal of the DUT.

US Pat. No. 10,432,324

METHOD FOR PERFORMING SELF-INTERFERENCE REMOVAL BY COMMUNICATION DEVICE USING FDR MODE

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for performing self-interference cancellation by a communication device using a Full Duplex Radio (FDR) scheme, the method comprising:branching a residual self-interference signal after cancellation of an antenna self-interference signal into a plurality of receive Radio Frequency (RF) chains;
determining whether a strength of each of the plurality of branched self-interference signals is greater than a predefined threshold;
performing digital self-interference cancellation after combining the plurality of branched self-interference signals, responsive to determining that all of the plurality of branched self-interference signals are greater than the predefined threshold; and
performing digital self-interference cancellation before combining the plurality of branched self-interference signals, responsive to determining that at least one of the plurality of branched self-interference signals is less than or equal to the predefined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,432,323

METHOD FOR GENERATING A MEDICAL NETWORK

Roche Diabetes Care, Inc....

1. A method for setting up a medical network for carrying out at least one medical function with the medical network including at least two network nodes set up for communicating with one another, comprising:at least one initialization step, wherein at least two network nodes exchange at least one item of initialization information in the initialization step, wherein the initialization information includes at least one item of information characterizing the network nodes;
at least one self-organization step, wherein the network nodes define a role distribution of the network nodes;
at least one work step, wherein the network carries out the at least one medical function in the work step, wherein at least two of the network nodes interact in accordance with the role distribution defined in the self-organization step,
wherein in the self-organization step at least two of the network nodes define the role distribution of the medical network and the self-organization step is carried out in such a way that the role distribution comprises a determination of at least one network node as master node and a determination of at least one network node as slave node, and
wherein the network node having the most time-critical function is defined as the master node.

US Pat. No. 10,432,322

TRANSMISSION/RECEPTION DEVICE AND TRANSMISSION/RECEPTION METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A transmission/reception device, comprising:a three-pole electrode configured to transmit a signal via a communication medium;
a two-pole electrode configured to receive the signal via the communication medium,
wherein the communication medium is a human body,
wherein the three-pole electrode and the two-pole electrode include:
a human body side electrode that is in contact with the human body;
a space side electrode that is on a space side; and
a circuit board Gnd that has a Gnd pattern which functions as an electrode of the circuit board Gnd,
wherein the circuit board Gnd comprises a circuit; and
a switching unit configured to switch the transmission/reception device to function as:
the three-pole electrode at a time of transmission of the signal, and
the two-pole electrode at a time of reception of the signal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,321

ULTRASONIC COMMUNICATIONS FOR WIRELESS BEACONS

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A beacon device comprising:at least one sonic emitter;
at least one microphone;
at least one wireless receiver;
at least one processor; and
at least one memory comprising instructions configured to cause the at least one processor to perform a method comprising:
emitting, via the at least one sonic emitter at the beacon device, a first sonic signal;
receiving a reflective signal of the first sonic signal at the at least one microphone on the beacon device, wherein the reflective signal of the first sonic signal is reflected back by an enclosure positioned between the beacon device and a user device;
receiving, at the at least one wireless receiver, a wireless signal transmitted from the user device;
detecting, by the beacon device, based on a disparity between a normalized strength of the reflective signal of the first sonic signal and a normalized strength of the wireless signal, a presence of the enclosure interrupting the transmission of the wireless signal from the user device; and
determining, by the beacon device, whether the detected enclosure complies with installation guidelines associated with the beacon device.

US Pat. No. 10,432,319

RECEIVERS WITH AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A receiver comprising:a first stage to amplify an input signal to provide a first signal;
a second stage to amplify or attenuate the first signal to provide a second signal based on a tunable gain of the second stage, the tunable gain adjusted in response to a differential signal;
a third stage to amplify the second signal to provide an output signal; and
an automatic gain controller to provide the differential signal based on a comparison between a peak voltage of the output signal and the sum of a common mode voltage of the output signal and an offset voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,432,318

DIGITAL SIGNAL PROCESSING CIRCUIT AND OPTICAL SPACE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

NEC CORPORATION, Minato-...

1. A digital signal processing circuit to decode an optical signal detected by coherent detection, the digital signal processing circuit comprising:a Doppler shift compensation circuit configured to perform Doppler shift compensation by, based on a sampling sequence signal oversampled at N times a symbol rate (N is an integer not smaller than 2) and including a center sample corresponding to a timing of a symbol center and a transition sample corresponding to a timing of a symbol transition, calculate a Doppler shift amount included in the sampling sequence signal,
wherein the Doppler shift compensation circuit includes a symbol decision circuit configured to perform a symbol decision with respect to the center sample and a symbol decision with respect to the transition sample and detects a Doppler shift amount by performing decisions while switching between the decisions for each corresponding sample and by calculating a phase error.

US Pat. No. 10,432,317

PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AS ENERGY SOURCE AND DATA RECEIVER

International Business Ma...

1. A device comprising:a p-n junction of first type III-V semiconductor material layers, the p-n junction constructed from a single emitter layer and a single base layer, the single base layer in direct contact with a back surface field layer;
a window layer of a second type III-V semiconductor material on the light receiving end of the p-n junction, wherein the p-n junction produces power in response to the application of a wavelength of light for powering an optical receiver provided by the p-n junction; and
a first set of electrodes in direct contact with the window layer and a second set of electrodes in direct contact with a buffer layer, the buffer layer disposed between a substrate and the back surface field layer,
wherein the emitter layer has a thickness that is less than a thickness of the window layer and wherein the device provides a voltage at open circuit equal to 1.18 Volts.

US Pat. No. 10,432,316

METHOD OF TRANSMITTING COMMUNICATIONS TRAFFIC, TRANSMITTER AND COMMUNICATIONS TRANSMISSION SYSTEM

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method of transmitting communications traffic, the method comprising steps:a. receiving a sequence of communications traffic bits, said receiving comprising receiving a first sequence of communications traffic bits for transmission during a first symbol time and receiving a second sequence of communications traffic bits for transmission during a second symbol time, after the first symbol time; and
b. mapping the sequence of communications traffic bits onto a respective one of a plurality of transmission symbols for transmission during a symbol time, wherein each transmission symbol is identified by a respective first symbol identifier indicative of a respective one or more of a plurality, M, of wavelengths for a transmission signal and a respective second symbol identifier indicative of a respective one or more of a plurality, N, of optical fibres on which to transmit the transmission signal, said mapping comprising mapping the first sequence of communications traffic bits onto one of the plurality of transmission symbols and determining one of the plurality of transmission symbols that the second sequence of communications traffic bits is to be mapped onto thereby determining the one of the plurality of transmission symbols that the second sequence of communications traffic bits is to be mapped onto in advance of the second symbol time; and
c. during the first symbol time, transmitting the transmission symbol for the first sequence of communications traffic bits and preparing a laser for generation of a transmission signal at the respective wavelength of the transmission symbol for the second sequence of communications traffic bits,
wherein the preparing the laser comprises controlling a current of a laser, configured for generation of a transmission signal at the respective wavelength of the transmission symbol for the second sequence of communications traffic bits, to be higher than a transmission threshold value thereby preparing the laser in advance of the second symbol time.

US Pat. No. 10,432,315

RING-RESONATOR MODULATION OF AN OPTICAL SIGNAL

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. An optical transmitter system comprising:a waveguide to receive and propagate an optical signal;
a ring modulation system comprising a ring resonator that is optically coupled to the waveguide and is to resonate a given wavelength of the optical signal in response to an input data signal that is provided to a modulation amplifier to provide carrier injection to change a refractive index of the ring resonator to resonate the given wavelength of the optical signal to modulate the optical signal; and
a tuning controller associated with the ring modulation system, the tuning controller being to implement iterative feedback tuning of the ring modulation system based on a relative amplitude of an optical intensity of the given wavelength in the ring resonator and a variable reference amplitude to substantially stabilize the ring resonator with respect to the given wavelength,
wherein the ring modulation system comprises a tuning waveguide that is optically coupled to the ring resonator to propagate a detection optical signal at the given wavelength and a photodetector to generate a detection voltage associated with an intensity of the detection optical signal, wherein the tuning controller comprises a voltage comparator to compare the detection voltage with a reference voltage, such that the tuning controller is to adjust a bias signal associated with the modulation amplifier based on the comparison in an iterative feedback manner,
wherein the tuning controller is further to set an initial predetermined amplitude of the bias signal that is less than an operational amplitude of the bias signal and to iteratively increase the bias signal based on the comparison until the tuning controller detects that the detection voltage is approximately equal to the reference voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,432,312

NODE DEVICE, REPEATER AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

1. A node device comprising:an interface configured to receive first signals via an antenna; and
a plurality of coupling devices configured to launch the first signals on a dielectric transmission medium, as a plurality of first guided electromagnetic waves at a corresponding plurality of non-optical carrier frequencies, the plurality of first guided electromagnetic waves propagating, without requiring an electrical return path, to another node device in a same longitudinal direction along the dielectric transmission medium, the plurality of first guided electromagnetic waves including one or more first guided electromagnetic waves conveying a first command to the another node device to not repeat the one or more of the plurality of first guided electromagnetic waves and the plurality of first guided electromagnetic waves further including one or more other first guided electromagnetic waves conveying a second command to the another node device to repeat the one or more other first guided electromagnetic waves, wherein the plurality of first guided electromagnetic waves is guided by the dielectric transmission medium.

US Pat. No. 10,432,309

OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS SYSTEMS

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF T...

1. A camera, comprising:an array of imaging pixels; and
a circuit connected to each of the pixels, wherein:
each of the pixels detect one or more photons received on the pixel when a first clock signal or a second clock signal are applied to the pixels,
the clock signals have a rate that is a multiple of a transmission rate of a beacon signal transmitted from a source, the beacon signal comprising a signal flux, and
the first clock signal is phase shifted with respect to the second clock signal,
the first and second clock signals each comprise a first time slot and a second time slot immediately after the first time slot, the first and second time slots having equal time duration,
the duration is substantially similar to an average on time of the beacon signal, and
the circuit, for each pixel,
counts a first number of photons detected by the pixel in the first time slot of the first clock signal,
subtracts, from the first number, a second number of the photons detected by the pixel in the second time slot of the first clock signal, obtaining a first statistic U,
counts a third number of photons detected by the pixel in the first time slot of the second clock signal,
subtracts, from the third number, a fourth number of the photons detected by the pixel in the second time slot of the second clock signal, obtaining a second statistic V,
sums the number of photons detected in the first time slot of the first clock signal, the second time slot of the first clock signal, the first time slot of the second clock signal, and the second time slot of the second clock signal, obtaining a third statistic S,
determines a statistic W as a function of U, V, and S so that W is a function of the signal flux,
compares W for each pixel and selects the pixel having the highest W as a selected pixel, and
associates the selected pixel with one or more image pixels in an image generated by the camera, and
identifies a location of the source as being in the one or more image pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,432,308

SATELLITE SYSTEM USING AN RF GBBF FEEDER UPLINK BEAM FROM A GATEWAY TO A SATELLITE, AND USING AN OPTICAL ISL FROM THE SATELLITE TO ANOTHER SATELLITE

23. A system comprising:a ground based gateway subsystem configured to transmit a radio frequency (RF) feeder uplink beam to a satellite; and
a subsystem of the satellite, the subsystem configured to receive the RF feeder uplink beam that is transmitted by the ground based gateway subsystem;
the subsystem also configured to produce, in dependence on the RF feeder uplink beam, an optical inter-satellite-link (ISL) beam that is transmitted to another satellite;
wherein the optical ISL beam, which is produced by the subsystem and transmitted to the other satellite, comprises a wavelength division multiplexed optical signal having RF frequencies within a same specified RF frequency range within which the other satellite is configured to transmit a plurality of RF service downlink beams, thereby eliminating any need for the other satellite to perform any frequency conversions when producing the plurality of RF service downlink beams in dependence on the optical ISL beam.

US Pat. No. 10,432,307

FREE-SPACE OPTICAL COMMUNICATION USING HERMITE-GAUSSIAN MODES

NEC Corporation, (JP)

1. A free-space optical communications system comprising:a data transmitter;
a data receiver; and
a free-space channel optically connecting the data transmitter to the data receiver;
the data transmitter including:
N-lasers that generate N-laser beams;
N-modulators that modulate the N-laser beams producing N-data streams;
a mode multiplexer that converts the N-data streams into N-Hermite-Gaussian modes and combine them into a single laser beam for transmission over the free-space channel to the data receiver;
wherein the N-Hermite-Gaussian modes are spatial patterns of light that are perpendicular to the light's direction of propagation;
wherein the spatial patterns are solutions to an electromagnetic wave equation in rectangular coordinates (x, y, z), and at z=0, and amplitudes of Herrnite-Gaussian modes are given by the equation:

where cmn are normalized coefficients, Hm ( . . . ) and Hn ( . . . ) are Hermite polynomials, w is a waist size of the modes, and m and n are indices of the Hermite-Gaussian modes corresponding to the x and y directions, respectively, where m, n=0,1, 2, . . . ;
wherein the N-Hermite-Gaussian modes are a special subset of the Hermite-Gaussian modes and are given by the equation:
[HGm0(x,y), HG0n(x,y)],
where the indices of each Hermite-Gaussian mode are given by m=0 and n?0 or, m?0 and n=0; and
wherein N is greater than 2.

US Pat. No. 10,432,290

ANALOG BEAMFORMING DEVICES

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. An analog polarization adjustment transmitter, comprising:a plurality of polarization adjustment transmission circuits coupled in parallel between a signal input and an array of antenna ports;
wherein the signal input is configured to receive an analog complex-valued communication signal having an in-phase component and a quadrature component;
wherein each antenna port of the array of antenna ports is configured to provide a dual-polarized antenna signal having a first polarization component and a second polarization component;
wherein each polarization adjustment transmission circuit is coupled between the signal input and a respective antenna port of the array of antenna ports;
wherein each polarization adjustment transmission circuit comprises a first coefficient input for receiving a first analog real-valued polarization adjustment coefficient of a set of first analog real-valued polarization adjustment coefficients and a second coefficient input for receiving a second analog real-valued polarization adjustment coefficient of a set of second analog real-valued polarization adjustment coefficients; and
wherein each polarization adjustment transmission circuit comprises:
a first analog multiplication circuit configured to multiply the analog complex-valued communication signal with a respective first analog real-valued polarization adjustment coefficient to provide a respective first polarization component of the dual-polarized antenna signal at a respective antenna port of the array of antenna ports;
a second analog multiplication circuit configured to multiply the analog complex-valued communication signal with a respective second analog real-valued polarization adjustment coefficient to provide a respective second polarization component of the dual-polarized antenna signal at a respective antenna port of the array of antenna ports;
a third coefficient input for receiving an analog complex-valued beamforming coefficient of a set of analog complex-valued beamforming coefficients; and
an analog complex-valued multiplication circuit coupled between the signal input and a respective one of the first and second analog multiplication circuits, wherein the analog complex-valued multiplication circuit is configured to multiply the analog complex-valued communication signal with the analog complex-valued beamforming coefficient to provide a beamformed analog complex-valued communication signal to the first and second analog multiplication circuits.

US Pat. No. 10,432,289

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROCESSING APERIODIC CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method for reporting, by a user equipment (UE), aperiodic channel state information (CSI) for dual connectivity in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving, by the UE, a first aperiodic CSI report request for a master cell group (MCG) from the MCG and a second aperiodic CSI report request for a secondary cell group (SCG) from the SCG;
assigning, by the UE, a capability of reporting the aperiodic CSI for the MCG and the SCG up to a maximum number of the capability of reporting the aperiodic CSI based on the first aperiodic CSI report request and the second aperiodic CSI report request; and
reporting, by the UE, the aperiodic CSI for up to 5 CSI processes based on the first aperiodic CSI report request and the second aperiodic CSI report request,
wherein the UE is connected to both the MCG and the SCG in dual connectivity, and
wherein, when a number of CSI processes based on the first aperiodic CSI report request and the second aperiodic CSI report request exceeds 5, the aperiodic CSI for remaining CSI processes more than 5 are not updated.

US Pat. No. 10,432,288

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR REPORTING CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A method of receiving channel state information (CSI), the method comprising:transmitting configuration information on hybrid CSI, the configuration information including configuration information on two enhanced multiple input multiple output (eMIMO) types and first information indicating one of the two eMIMO types for which an aperiodic CSI reporting is triggered;
transmitting second information triggering the aperiodic CSI reporting; and
receiving aperiodic CSI based on the second information and configuration information,
wherein the aperiodic CSI is associated with the eMIMO type indicated by the first information.

US Pat. No. 10,432,287

METHOD FOR TRANSMITTING/RECEIVING CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, AND DEVICE FOR SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A method of reporting channel state information (CSI), by a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising:receiving, from an eNB, a CSI process configuration comprising interference measurement restriction information for interference measurement restriction;
reporting, to the eNB, CSI for a CSI process configured by the CSI process configuration,
wherein when a first subframe set and a second subframe set are configured for the CSI process, the interference measurement restriction is independently configured for each of the first subframe set and the second subframe set, and
transmitting UE capability related to whether a measurement window is supported for the interference measurement restriction to the eNB, wherein the measurement window is pre-configured to calculate a channel quality indicator (CQI),
wherein when the interference measurement restriction is configured, interference measurement is derived based on a channel state information-interference measurement (CSI-IM) resource belonging to the measurement window.

US Pat. No. 10,432,286

METHOD FOR FEEDING BACK CHANNEL STATE INFORMATION IN WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

LG ELectronics Inc., Seo...

1. A method for transmitting CSI (Channel State Information) by a user equipment in a wireless access system, the method comprising:receiving a configuration for a reference CSI process;
receiving a configuration for a CSI process; and
transmitting the CSI to a base station based on the configuration for the CSI process,
wherein the configuration for the CSI process and the configuration for the reference CSI process have a same set of restricted Rank Indicators (RIs),
wherein a set of restricted RIs of the CSI process is identified by a precoder codebook subset restriction of the CSI process, and
wherein a set of restricted RIs of the reference CSI process is identified by a precoder codebook subset restriction of the reference CSI process.

US Pat. No. 10,432,285

DATA TRANSMISSION METHOD, SYSTEM, AND DEVICE

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A data transmission method comprising:estimating, by a user equipment, a transmission characteristic of each of multiple sub-channels of a communications channel between the user equipment and a base station to obtain channel state information for either each of the sub-channels or one or more groups of the sub-channels,
wherein each piece of the channel state information is associated with a resource unit, which is a minimum unit of a resource of the communications channel used for sending data by the base station, and
wherein each piece of the channel state information includes either unique information for each resource unit or unique information for a group of resource units, depending on the similarities of the transmission characteristics of the multiple sub-channels; and
sending, by the user equipment, the channel state information to the base station,
wherein the channel state information includes reference information used for sending data by the base station on each of the resource units corresponding to one of the pieces of the channel state information.

US Pat. No. 10,432,281

COMMUNICATION BEAM DETERMINING METHOD AND CORRESPONDING APPARATUS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A communication beam determining method, comprising:respectively sending, by a network side device, downlink sounding signals by using M beams with a first width, wherein main lobe directions of any two of the M beams with the first width are different, and M is an integer and not less than 2;
receiving, by the network side device, sounding results including downlink sounding signals that are returned by user equipment (UE), and determining N beams with a second width based on the sounding results, wherein the second width is less than the first width, a coverage area of a set of the N beams with the second width is smaller than a coverage area of a set of the M beams with the first width, and N is an integer not less than 2; and
respectively sending, by the network side device, downlink scanning signals by using the N beams with the second width, and determining, based on scanning results including the downlink scanning signals and that are returned by the UE, a first beam for data transmission with the UE.

US Pat. No. 10,432,280

ANTENNA ARRAY CORRELATION FOR UPLINK COVERAGE IMPROVEMENT

Sprint Communications Com...

1. A system for improving uplink coverage in a wireless communication network, the system comprising:a first correlated antenna array configured to receive a first signal having a first wavelength, the first correlated antenna array comprising a first plurality of antenna elements separated by a distance of one of the first wavelength;
a first combining component that creates a first combined signal by combining the signal received by each of the first plurality of antenna elements;
a second correlated antenna array configured to receive a second signal having a second wavelength, the second correlated antenna array comprising a second plurality of antenna elements separated by a distance of one of the second wavelength, wherein each of the second plurality of antennas is disposed at a distance of approximately half of an average of the first wavelength and the second wavelength from the nearest element of the first correlated antenna array; and
a second combining component that creates a second combined signal by combining the signal received by each of the second plurality of antenna elements.

US Pat. No. 10,432,278

FIRST COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND METHODS PERFORMED THEREBY FOR MANAGING BEAMFORMING BY A SECOND COMMUNICATION DEVICE FOR TRANSMISSION OF A SIGNAL

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method performed by a first communication device for managing beamforming by a second communication device for transmission of a signal, the first communication device and the second communication device operating in a wireless communications network comprising a zone in which a radio frequency electromagnetic field strength is required by a regulation to be below a threshold, the method comprising:adjusting at least one beam shape in the beamforming, the adjusting of the at least one beam shape being such that the radio frequency electromagnetic field strength in the zone for an output power and the beam shape in the beamforming is below the threshold, the adjusting of the at least one beam shape being based at least in part on at least one reflection of at least one beam; and
initiating transmission of the signal to a third communication device operating in the wireless communications network using beamforming with the adjusted at least one beam shape.

US Pat. No. 10,432,277

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS AND RADIO COMMUNICATION METHOD IN RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. An electronic device in a wireless communication system, comprising:one or more processing circuits configured to execute operations of:
determining a corresponding transceiver unit TXRU configuration based on an antenna array corresponding to the electronic device, wherein each TXRU is related to a group of antenna units having a same polarization direction, the antenna array comprises a plurality of antenna units which are in M rows and N columns and have a P-dimension polarization direction, wherein M, N and P are natural numbers;
adding antenna configuration information into a Radio Resource Control RRC signaling for a user equipment in the wireless communication system, wherein the user equipment is configured to use the antenna configuration information to obtain the number of TXRUs in the antenna array; and
receiving from the user equipment feedback information determined, at least n part, using the number of TXRUs in the antenna array.

US Pat. No. 10,432,276

WIRELESS LINK CONTROL AND RECOVERY USING POSITIONAL DATA

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A method of wireless link control in a source device, comprising:establishing a wireless link with a sink device;
controlling the wireless link according to an applied beamforming setting;
evaluating the applied beamforming setting based on a quality of the wireless link;
storing an entry comprising the applied beamforming setting and a position of the sink device, wherein the position includes three degrees of rotational vectors and a discretized position associated with an area of a plurality of areas in a two-dimensional space or a volume of a plurality of volumes in a three-dimensional space;
selecting a candidate beamforming setting based on at least one stored entry; and
controlling the wireless link to apply the candidate beamforming setting as the applied beamforming setting.

US Pat. No. 10,432,274

WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM WITH SIMPLEX FRONT-END

SKYWORKS SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. A communications system comprising:a duplexer having a transmit port as input for a transmit signal, a receive port as output for a receive signal, and a plurality of antenna ports, the duplexer being configured to route the transmit signal from the transmit port to a first antenna port of the plurality of antenna ports during each of a plurality of transmission slots with individual transmission slots separated by transmission interslot periods, the first antenna port selected based on an antenna select signal, and to route the receive signal to the receive port from a second antenna port of the plurality of antenna ports during each of a plurality of reception slots with individual reception slots separated by reception interslot periods, the second antenna port selected based on the antenna select signal;
a first antenna tuner coupled to the first antenna port;
a second antenna tuner coupled to the second antenna port; and
a controller configured to provide the antenna select signal to the duplexer, to operate the duplexer so that the first antenna port is used for transmit signals and not receive signals and the second antenna port is used for receive signals and not transmit signals, to tune the first antenna tuner during individual transmission interslot periods, and to tune the second antenna tuner during individual reception interslot periods.

US Pat. No. 10,432,273

ANTENNA ARRANGEMENT FOR TRANSMITTING REFERENCE SIGNALS

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. An antenna arrangement, the antenna arrangement comprising:a first antenna array; and
a second antenna array, wherein
the first antenna array comprises antenna elements of a first polarization and antenna elements of a second polarization,
the second antenna array comprises antenna elements of the first polarization and antenna elements of the second polarization,
the two antenna arrays are arranged to collectively be fed four signals, such that the antenna elements of each polarization at each antenna array is fed a respective one out of the four signals, and
the signal as fed to the antenna elements of the second polarization of the second antenna array is phase shifted 180° with respect to at least one of the other signals as fed to the other antenna elements.

US Pat. No. 10,432,271

RADIO APPARATUS, RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, AND ANTENNA POSITION ADJUSTMENT METHOD

NEC CORPORATION, Minato-...

1. A radio apparatus used in a line-of-sight MIMO communication system, comprising:first and second antennas, and
a position adjustment unit configured to adjust a relative position between at least one of the first and second antennas and an antenna included in another radio apparatus, wherein
when the position adjustment unit adjusts a position of the second antenna so that a phase of a radio wave transmitted from the another radio apparatus and received through the second antenna is shifted from a phase of the radio wave transmitted from the another radio apparatus and received through the first antenna by ?/2, the position adjustment unit adjusts the position of the second antenna based on at least one of a first reception signal generated by combining a signal which is received through the first antenna and whose phase is shifted by ??/2 and a signal which is received through the second antenna with each other, and a second reception signal generated by combining a signal which is received through the second antenna and whose phase is shifted by ??/2 and a signal which is received through the first antenna with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,432,270

SPATIAL SCALABLE VIDEO MULTICAST FOR HETEROGENEOUS MIMO SYSTEMS

Microsoft Technology Lice...

12. A system, comprising:an encoder configured to:
extract sub-sampled sequences from multiple frames of a video sequence;
generate sequences of predictions of one of the sub-sampled sequences using other of the sub-sampled sequences;
transform the sequences of predictions and the one of the sub-sampled sequences into corresponding sequences of complex coefficients for generation of complex symbols; and
directionally pair the complex symbols in N pairs of complex symbols; and
a transmitter having a first antenna and a second antenna, the transmitter configured to:
transmit a signal including the N pairs of complex symbols via the first antenna and the second antenna in M different time slots in which N is greater than M, wherein the signal is encoded using a multiplexed space-time block coding (M-STBC) code, and
wherein the signal is decodable using the M-STBC code according to both a spatial multiplexing mode and a diversity mode.

US Pat. No. 10,432,269

CONNECTION FAILURE DETECTION IN WIRELESS NETWORK BASED ON COORDINATED MULTI-CELL COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE

Nokia Solutions and Netwo...

1. A method comprising:establishing a multi-cell communication session for a user device, the multi-cell communication session including a plurality of wireless connections that include a wireless connection between the user device and each of a plurality of cells in a same frequency layer, wherein the plurality of cells are used to transmit data to or receive data from the user device using a coordinated multi-cell communication technique; and
performing, by the user device, communication session failure detection for the multi-cell communication session based on coordinated signal gains provided by the coordinated multi-cell communication technique.

US Pat. No. 10,432,268

CONTACTLESS COMMUNICATION AND CONTACTLESS CHARGING IN A SYSTEM

STMicroelectronics (Rouss...

1. A system, comprising:an inductive antenna configured for contactless charging and contactless communications, the inductive antenna comprising a first terminal and a second terminal;
a transmit-receive head comprising a first contact, a second contact, a third contact, and a fourth contact;
a first capacitive element comprising a first terminal and a second terminal respectively coupled to the first terminal and the second terminal of the inductive antenna to respectively form a first node and a second node;
a second capacitive element comprising a first terminal coupled to form a node with the first node, the second capacitive element further comprising a second terminal coupled to the first contact of the transmit-receive head to form a third node;
a third capacitive element comprising a first terminal coupled to form a node with the first node, the third capacitive element further comprising a second terminal coupled to the second contact of the transmit-receive head to form a fourth node;
a fourth capacitive element comprising a first terminal coupled to form a node with the second node, the fourth capacitive element further comprising a second terminal coupled to the third contact of the transmit-receive head to form a fifth node;
a fifth capacitive element comprising a first terminal coupled to form a node with the second node, the fifth capacitive element further comprising a second terminal coupled to the fourth contact of the transmit-receive head to form a sixth node;
a charger configured to charge a power supply module via the inductive antenna, wherein the charger comprises a first terminal and a second terminal respectively coupled to form nodes with the first node and the second node; and
a controller configured to select one of the transmit-receive head or the charger, wherein the third node, the fourth node, the fifth node, and the sixth node are isolated from a reference potential when the transmit-receive head is selected, wherein the third node, the fourth node, the fifth node, and the sixth node are set to the reference potential when the charger is selected, wherein the charger remains coupled to the first capacitive element, the second capacitive element, the third capacitive element, the fourth capacitive element, and the fifth capacitive element via the first node and the second node when the transmit-receive head is selected and when the charger is selected.

US Pat. No. 10,432,267

SCANNING PERFORMANCE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for communicating, comprising:transmitting a request to associate from a first wireless device to a second wireless device;
receiving the request to associate from the first wireless device at the second wireless device;
initiating a scan process at the second wireless device in response to the received request to associate;
during the scan process, performing one of
reducing a bandwidth of a phased locked loop,
increasing the bandwidth of the phased locked loop,
or
dithering the reference frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,432,266

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVE COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, APPARATUS, METHOD AND PROGRAM

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A communication apparatus comprising:a carrier wave generator configured to generate a first electromagnetic wave using an antenna;
a modulator configured to modulate the first electromagnetic wave for transmitting a first message to an external communication device;
a load modulator configured to modulate a second electromagnetic wave generated by the external communication device for transmitting a second message to the external communication device; and
a controller configured to cause the communication apparatus to:
transmit the first message and a third message when the second electromagnetic wave is not detected, and
transmit the second message, which is different from the first message and the third message, when the second electromagnetic wave is detected,
wherein the first message is a first inquiry for identification information of the external communication device,
wherein the communication apparatus is configured to receive a first response in response to the first inquiry, the first response including a second inquiry from the external communication device for identification information of the communication apparatus,
wherein the second message includes a second response associated with the second inquiry for identification information of the communication apparatus,
wherein the third message is a third inquiry for available protocol information indicative of a communication protocol which is available by the external communication device, and
wherein the communication apparatus is configured to switch a first communication protocol to a second communication protocol in response to receiving a third response to the third inquiry.

US Pat. No. 10,432,265

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM FOR POWER SUPPLY CONTROL

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An electronic apparatus comprising:a wireless tag that stores information;
a memory;
a power-supply-control unit that controls a power-supply mode including a normal mode and a plurality of modes other than the normal mode; and
a system-control unit that instructs the power-supply-control unit to switch the power-supply mode from a current power-supply mode to the normal mode based on the information when the current power-supply mode is one of the plurality of modes; wherein
the normal mode is a mode in which power is supplied to each of a plurality of parts of the electronic apparatus and allows use of functions of the electronic apparatus;
each of the plurality of modes is a power supply modes in which power supply to at least one part of the plurality of parts is stopped, and at least one of the at least one part to which power is stopped is different among the plurality of modes such that power consumption is different among the plurality of modes; and
the system-control unit
acquires, in response to a read request that is transmitted from a user-authenticated portable terminal, the current power-supply mode of the power-supply-control unit, stores power-supply-mode information corresponding to the acquired current power-supply mode in the memory, writes a power-supply-mode information that corresponds to the acquired power-supply mode to the wireless tag, transmits the power-supply-mode information written in the wireless tag to the portable terminal, and
when there is writing of power-supply-mode-switch-request information that corresponds to the power-supply-mode information written in the wireless tag and that is included in a write request from the portable terminal to the wireless tag, the system-control unit instructs the power-supply-control unit to switch to the normal mode by the power-supply-mode information written in the wireless tag based on the power-supply-mode-switch-request information, and when the portable terminal is separated from the wireless tag, instructs the power-supply-control unit to return to the power-supply mode in use before the instruction by acquiring the power-supply-mode information stored in the memory.

US Pat. No. 10,432,262

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR BROADBAND NEAR-FIELD COMMUNICATION

Maxlinear, Inc., Carlsba...

1. A method, comprising:running an application on a first device;
capturing a plurality of signals using magnetic field induction via a broadband near-field communications (BNC) transceiver, wherein the plurality of signals spans multiple frequency bands;
determining a transmission band according to the application running on the first device, wherein the transmission band is adaptive and comprises one or more of the multiple frequency bands, and wherein a total number of frequency bands in the transmission band is adaptive according to the application running on the first device; and
transmitting video data over the transmission band to a second device, wherein the video data defines a graphical user interface of the application running on the first device, and wherein the video data that defines the graphical user interface occupies the transmission band, and wherein the video data is transmitted simultaneously over more than one channel in the transmission band.

US Pat. No. 10,432,260

CIRCUIT FOR INDUCTIVE COMMUNICATIONS WITH MULTIPLE BANDS

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. An apparatus comprising:a tank circuit, including an inductor and a first plurality of capacitors, configured for wireless communication of a signal, derived from an input signal, via a selectable one of a plurality of different frequency bands;
a first driver, including a plurality of buffers of which at least one is responsive to the input signal and of which at least one other is not responsive to the input signal, configured to drive the tank circuit through a respective capacitor of the first plurality of capacitors, while the tank circuit is coupled to a respective buffer of the plurality of buffers and to a node of the inductor;
a tuning-drive circuit configured to drive the tank circuit for communications operation in one band of, and selectably from, the plurality of different frequency bands; and
the tuning-drive circuit including selectable portions each having at least one additional buffer and at least one capacitor configured to be selectively coupled to the node of the inductor for operation in parallel with the first driver, and when selected and in operation, the selected portions cause the tank circuit to be tuned to a selected one of the plurality of different frequency bands by contributing, with the first driver, to an overall drive strength and to an overall tuning capacitance for the wireless communication for the tank circuit being tuned to the selectable one of a plurality of different frequency bands.

US Pat. No. 10,432,259

MAGNETIC COUPLING DEVICE AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

1. A coupling device comprising:a receiving portion that receives a radio frequency signal conveying data from a transmitting device; and
a cavity resonator configured to respond to the radio frequency signal by generating a field that induces a guided electromagnetic wave on a transmission medium via electromagnetic coupling, wherein the transmission medium is a wire and the guided electromagnetic wave propagates along the wire without requiring an electrical return path and wherein a carrier frequency of the guided electromagnetic wave is below a cut-off frequency of the cavity resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,432,258

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR MONITORING AND ANALYZING BROADBAND OVER POWER LINE DATA

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. A system for collecting and monitoring data at a power interface, the system comprising:a multi-use power interface configured to be electrically and communicatively coupled to a vehicle via a plurality of Broadband over Power Line (BPL) data links; and
a plurality of sensors configured to collect power quality data and load management data for the plurality of BPL data links and the multi-use power interface,
wherein the multi-use power interface comprises a user interface, a processor, and a memory storing instructions thereon, that when executed by the processor, cause the multi-use power interface to perform operations including:
receiving power quality data and load management data from the plurality of sensors;
determining, based on the power quality data and load management data, functional health statuses of the multi-use power interface and the plurality of BPL data links;
transmitting the functional health statuses, the power quality data, and the load management data to a data store; and
indicating, in the user interface, the functional health statuses.

US Pat. No. 10,432,255

TRANSMISSION DEVICE, TRANSMISSION METHOD, AND COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A transmission device, comprising:a driver unit that transmits a data signal with use of a first voltage state, a second voltage state, and a third voltage state interposed between the first voltage state and the second voltage state, and is configured to make a voltage in the third voltage state changeable; and
a controller that changes the voltage in the third voltage state to cause the driver unit to perform emphasis, wherein
the controller determines whether or not to cause the driver unit to perform emphasis in accordance with change among the first voltage state, the second voltage state, and the third voltage state,
the data signal indicates a sequence of symbols,
the controller changes the voltage in the third voltage state on a basis of a transition of the symbols in the sequence,
the driver unit includes:
a first driver unit that selectively sets a voltage state at a first output terminal to one of the first voltage state, the second voltage state, and the third voltage state,
a second driver unit that selectively sets a voltage state at a second output terminal to one of the first voltage state, the second voltage state, and the third voltage state, and
a third driver unit that selectively sets a voltage state at a third output terminal to one of the first voltage state, the second voltage state, and the third voltage state, and
the voltage states the first output terminal, the second output terminal, and the third output terminal are different from one another.

US Pat. No. 10,432,254

USER TERMINAL, RADIO BASE STATION AND RADIO COMMUNICATION METHOD

NTT DOCOMO, INC., Tokyo ...

1. A user terminal comprising:a receiver that receives a downlink signal that is transmitted in repetitions over a plurality of subframes using narrow bands to which frequency hopping is applied for every given number of subframes; and
a processor that:
specifies the narrow bands to which frequency hopping is applied based on:
a starting index that indicates a first narrow band in the narrow bands where the downlink signal is transmitted in a first subframe of the plurality of subframes,
a frequency offset that is a shift in a frequency direction from the first narrow band to a next frequency-hopped narrow band,
a total number of narrow bands in a system band,
a number of the narrow bands to which the frequency hopping is applied,
a number of the transmitted repetitions in a narrow band of the narrow bands, and
a total number of repetitions; and
causes the receiver to receive the downlink signal using the specified narrow bands,
wherein each of the narrow bands is a part of the system band,
wherein the user terminal communicates using the narrow bands only, and
wherein the downlink signal starts being allocated to the first narrow band.

US Pat. No. 10,432,252

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR SIGNAL SPREADING AND MULTIPLEXING

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method comprising:applying binary forward error correcting (FEC) encoding to a stream of input bits to generate a stream of coded bits;
mapping the stream of coded bits to a plurality of binary streams such that at least one coded bit is mapped to more than one of the binary streams and none of the binary streams are identical to each other; and
applying stream-specific modulations to the plurality of binary streams.

US Pat. No. 10,432,251

RECEIVER, TRANSMITTER, RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM, AND RADIO COMMUNICATION METHOD

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A receiver comprising:a reception unit to sequentially receive modulated signals resulting from a spread spectrum from a transmitter; and
a demodulation unit to demodulate a first signal received by the reception unit by performing despreading using a first spreading code, the first signal including information for identifying a second spreading code with a longer code period than the first spreading code, identify the second spreading code on a basis of information obtained from the first signal, and demodulate a second signal received after the first signal by the reception unit by performing despreading using the second spreading code,
wherein the demodulation unit performs, on a signal received by the reception unit, a first correlation process using a first code replica corresponding to the first spreading code and a second correlation process using a second code replica corresponding to the second spreading code, detects a time when the transmitter has switched from the first spreading code to the second spreading code on a basis of a first correlation value obtained by the first correlation process and a second correlation value obtained by the second correlation process, and switches from the first spreading code to the second spreading code at a time corresponding to the detected time.

US Pat. No. 10,432,250

METHOD FOR CANCELLING SELF-INTERFERENCE OF IN-BAND FULL-DUPLEX MULTIPLE-INPUT MULTIPLE-OUTPUT WIRELESS COMMUNICATION

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

7. An operation method of an in-band full duplex (IFD) multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) transceiver including a reception part, a transmission part, an analog self-interference (SI) generator, and a self-interference cancellation (SIC) controller, the operation method comprising:generating, at the SIC controller, a control signal for analog SIC and digital SIC and outputting the control signal to the reception part and the analog SI generator;
cancelling, at the SIC controller, SI of a transmission signal of the transmission part based on the control signal; and
cancelling, at the reception part, SI of a signal of the reception part based on the control signal,
wherein the control signal is generated based on an output signal of the analog SI generator and an output signal of a reception (RX) analog-to-digital converter (ADC) in the reception part.

US Pat. No. 10,432,249

UNIVERSAL NONLINEAR VARIABLE DELAY FILTER

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A universal nonlinear variable delay filter, comprising:a first mixer configured to convert an input signal to an up-converted signal comprising a frequency corresponding to a selected time delay, the input signal comprising an original frequency;
a nonlinear filter that filters the up-converted signal and generates a delayed signal that is delayed by the selected time delay; and
a second mixer configured to convert the delayed signal to a down-converted signal comprising a frequency substantially equal to the original frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,432,248

RF METROLOGY SYSTEM FOR A SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS INCORPORATING RF SENSORS WITH CORRESPONDING LOCK-IN AMPLIFIERS

LAM RESEARCH CORPORATION,...

1. A radio frequency control circuit comprising:a controller configured to select a reference frequency, wherein the reference frequency is a frequency of a first reference local oscillator signal;
a divider configured to receive a first radio frequency signal detected in a substrate processing chamber and divide the first radio frequency signal to output a second radio frequency signal, wherein the first radio frequency signal is generated by a first radio frequency generator and supplied to the substrate processing chamber; and
a first radio frequency sensor comprising a lock-in amplifier, wherein the lock-in amplifier comprises
a radio frequency path configured to receive the second radio frequency signal,
a local oscillator path configured to receive the first reference local oscillator signal generated by the first radio frequency generator or the controller,
a first mixer configured to generate a first intermediate frequency signal based on the second radio frequency signal and the first reference local oscillator signal, and
a filter configured to filter the first intermediate frequency signal,
wherein the controller is configured to generate a control signal based on the filtered first intermediate frequency signal and transmit the control signal to the first radio frequency generator to adjust the first radio frequency signal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,247

SEQUENCE TRIGGERING IN RF FRONT-ENDS

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. Sequence trigger circuitry configured to repeat command sequences to switch between a plurality of communication modes of a radio frequency front end (RFFE), the sequence trigger circuitry comprising:a first logic circuitry configured to:
in response to a trigger signal, generate a first output signal or a second output signal to activate a first command sequence or a second command sequence, respectively;
a second logic circuitry configured to:
activate a third command sequence based on a comparison of a clock output signal with a first timer value and upon generating the first output signal, wherein the first command sequence and the third command sequence switch the RFFE into a receive mode of the plurality of communication modes; and
a third logic circuitry configured to:
activate a fourth command sequence based on a comparison of the clock output signal with a second timer value and upon generating the second output signal, wherein the second command sequence and the fourth command sequence switch the RFFE into a transmit mode of the plurality of communication modes.

US Pat. No. 10,432,245

WIRELESS CHARGING APPARATUS AND METHOD

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An apparatus for wirelessly charging at least one device, the apparatus comprising:a resonator that wirelessly transmits power for charging the at least one device;
a communication unit; and
a control unit configured to:
receive, through the communication unit, power state information from the at least one device,
compare between a transmission cycle of each of the at least one device and a threshold cycle based on the power state information,
determine, among the at least one device, a device with which the apparatus is to communicate during an allocation period based on the comparison between the transmission cycle of each of the at least one device and the threshold cycle,
set a transmission cycle of the determined device based on the received power state information, and
transmit, through the communication unit, a message to the determined device including the set transmission cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,432,243

RECEIVER NONLINEARITY ESTIMATION AND CANCELLATION

MAXLINEAR, INC., Carlsba...

1. A method for performing narrowband (NB) estimation, the method comprising:generating estimation channelization information relating to received RF signals;
generating reference nonlinearity information relating to one or more other signals, wherein the one or more other signals cause or contribute to nonlinearity that affects processing of the received RF signals; and
generating, based on the estimation channelization information relating to the received RF signals and the reference nonlinearity information relating to the one or more other signals, control data for configuring nonlinearity cancellation functions.

US Pat. No. 10,432,241

AMPLIFIER NOISE CANCELLATION

Skyworks Solutions, Inc.,...

1. A power amplifier circuit comprising:a transistor having a first terminal that is configured to receive an input signal, a second terminal electrically coupled to ground, and a third terminal configured to transmit a combined amplified signal; and
a combining signal input path electrically coupled to the second terminal and configured to receive a noise-cancellation signal that is inversely matched to a noise signal present in the input signal and provide the noise-cancellation signal to the second terminal of the transistor to generate, at least in part, the combined amplified signal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,231

MEMORY CONTROLLER, MEMORY SYSTEM, AND MEMORY CONTROL METHOD

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. A memory system comprising:a nonvolatile memory, the nonvolatile memory including a plurality of memory areas, each of the memory areas being a unit for writing of data; and
a controller circuit configured to write data into the nonvolatile memory in a first method and a second method, the controller circuit including an error correction code encoder configured to encode data to generate a parity, wherein,
in the first method,
the controller circuit is configured to:
acquire N pieces of first user data, N being a natural number; and
encode, using the error correction code encoder, the N pieces of first user data respectively to generate N first parities; and
write the N pieces of first user data and the N first parities into a first memory area among the plurality of memory areas,
in the second method,
the controller circuit is configured to:
acquire M pieces of second user data, M being a natural number larger than N, a size of each of the second user data being smaller than that of each of the first user data;
encode, using the error correction code encoder, the M pieces of second user data respectively to generate M second parities, a size of each of the M second parities being the same as that of each of the N first parities;
write the M pieces of second user data and the M second parities into a second memory area among the plurality of memory areas,
wherein a number of correctable bits in each of the M pieces of second user data using the second parity is larger than a number of correctable bits in each of the N pieces of first user data using the first parity,
the controller circuit further includes a write counter configured to count a number of times of writing of data on each of the plurality of memory areas,
in a case where the number of times of writing of data on a memory area among the plurality of memory areas is smaller than or equal to a first threshold, the controller circuit uses the first method to write data into the memory area, and
in a case where the number of times of writing of data on the memory area is larger than the first threshold, the controller circuit uses the second method to write data into the memory area.

US Pat. No. 10,432,218

INTEGRATED PHYSICAL CODING SUBLAYER AND FORWARD ERROR CORRECTION IN NETWORKING APPLICATIONS

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:receiving data at a physical coding sublayer (PCS) transmit structure from a media access control (MAC) sublayer;
inserting one or more alignment markers in the data;
performing Forward Error Correction (FEC) encoding, in a first clock domain, on the one or more alignment markers and the data in the PCS transmit structure to generate FEC encoded data;
transmitting the FEC encoded data from the first clock domain with a first clock cycle to a second clock domain with a second clock cycle;
transmitting the FEC encoded data on one or more physical medium attachment (PMA) lanes to a PCS receive structure; and
performing FEC decoding, in the second clock domain, on the FEC encoded data in the PCS receive structure to generate FEC decoded data.

US Pat. No. 10,432,178

HYSTERESIS COMPARATOR

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A hysteresis comparator comprising:a hysteresis comparator circuit comprising:
two comparator legs each with a differential transistor and a load transistor;
wherein the differential transistors of the two comparator legs are connected to receive a comparator biasing current and are configured for variably dividing the comparator biasing current based on the relative levels of respective voltage signals applied to control terminals of the differential transistors of the two comparator legs; and
an output stage configured for developing an output voltage signal based on respective currents flowing through the load transistors of the two comparator legs, and
a hysteresis generating circuit configured for providing a hysteresis current, the hysteresis generating circuit selectively coupled to either one of the two comparator legs depending on a level of the output voltage signal, wherein a hysteresis voltage of the hysteresis comparator circuit is a function of the hysteresis current, and wherein the hysteresis generating circuit comprises:
two generator legs each with a differential transistor and a load transistor;
wherein the differential transistors of the two generator legs are coupled to receive a hysteresis biasing current and are configured for variably dividing the hysteresis biasing current based on differential voltage applied to the control terminals of the differential transistors of the generator legs, wherein the differential voltage corresponds to a hysteresis control voltage;
wherein one of the generator legs comprises an output node, at which the hysteresis current is provided, which is a function of the hysteresis control voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,432,177

CIRCUIT DEVICE, REAL-TIME CLOCKING DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, VEHICLE, AND VERIFICATION METHOD

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A circuit device comprising:an oscillation circuit configured to generate an oscillation signal for oscillating a resonator connected to the circuit device;
a clocking circuit configured to receive clock signals indicative of the oscillation signal and generate clocking data based on the oscillation signal, wherein the clocking data corresponds to real-time clock information indicating an elapsed time;
a verification data generation circuit configured to receive the clock signals and generate verification data for verifying the clocking data based on the oscillation signal; and
an interface circuit configured to receive the clocking data and the verification data and output the clocking data and the verification data.

US Pat. No. 10,432,175

LOW QUIESCENT CURRENT LOAD SWITCH

Texas Instruments Incorpo...

1. A load switch circuit comprising:a transistor including a gate, a source, and a drain;
a transconductor connected to the gate of the transistor;
a comparator connected to an input of the transconductor; and
a resistor including a first terminal and a second terminal, the first terminal connected to the gate of the transistor and the second terminal connected to at least one of a charge pump or ground,
wherein the comparator is configured to disable the transconductor when a voltage of the transistor gate reaches a charge pump voltage of the charge pump.

US Pat. No. 10,432,174

CLOSED LOOP FEEDBACK CONTROL OF INTEGRATED CIRCUITS

Facebook, Inc., Menlo Pa...

1. A method, comprising:adjusting a body bias voltage applied to a body of an integrated circuit to cause a measured value of an operating indicator of the integrated circuit to approach a desired value of the operating indicator;
wherein the body is electrically isolated from one or more electrical components disposed within the body.

US Pat. No. 10,432,172

BULK ACOUSTIC FILTER DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A bulk acoustic filter device, comprising:a substrate comprising a through hole formed by a first recess and a second recess adjacent to the first recess;
a membrane layer forming a cavity with the substrate;
a filter comprising a lower electrode disposed on the membrane layer, a piezoelectric layer disposed to cover a portion of the lower electrode, and an upper electrode formed to cover a portion of the piezoelectric layer; and
an electrode connecting member disposed in the substrate, and connected to either one of the lower electrode and the upper electrode,
wherein the electrode connecting member comprises an insertion electrode disposed in the first recess, and a via electrode connected to the insertion electrode, and disposed on an inner peripheral surface of the second recess and a surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,432,171

RADIO-FREQUENCY MODULE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A radio-frequency module comprising:a filter that is connected at one end to an input terminal and at another end to an output terminal; and
an amplifier that is connected at one end to the output terminal and at another end to the another end of the filter; wherein
the filter includes first and second filter portions, the first filter portion being disposed on a signal line electrically connecting the input terminal and the output terminal, the second filter portion being connected between the signal line and a ground;
each of the first and second filter portions includes a surface acoustic wave resonator including an IDT electrode provided on a piezoelectric substrate;
the IDT electrode includes a first busbar, a second busbar, a plurality of first electrode fingers, and a plurality of second electrode fingers, the second busbar opposing the first busbar, the plurality of first electrode fingers extending from the first busbar toward the second busbar so as not to reach the second busbar, the plurality of second electrode fingers extending from the second busbar toward the first busbar so as not to reach the first busbar, the plurality of second electrode fingers being disposed between the plurality of first electrode fingers in an interdigitated manner; and
in the surface acoustic wave resonator of the second filter portion, at least some of the first and second electrode fingers are electrically connected to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,432,170

ACOUSTIC WAVE FILTER DEVICE

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. An acoustic wave filter device, comprising:a filter disposed on a substrate;
a wall member disposed on the substrate and surrounding the filter;
a cap member disposed on the wall member and bounding an internal space with the wall member; and
a support member disposed on the cap member,
wherein the support member is disposed above the internal space and comprises a bump disposed on the cap member, and
wherein the support member is exposed through a passivation layer disposed on the cap member.

US Pat. No. 10,432,169

BONDED BODY AND ELASTIC WAVE ELEMENT

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Na...

1. A bonded body comprising:a supporting body comprising a ceramic;
a bonding layer provided over a surface of said supporting body and comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of mullite, alumina, tantalum pentoxide, titanium oxide and niobium pentoxide;
a piezoelectric single crystal substrate bonded with said bonding layer; and
an intermediate layer between said piezoelectric single crystal substrate and said bonding layer, said intermediate layer comprising one or more materials selected from the group consisting of mullite, alumina, tantalum pent oxide, titanium oxide and niobium pentoxide,
wherein said surface of said supporting body has an arithmetic average roughness Ra of 0.5 nm or larger and 5.0 nm or smaller, and
wherein a surface of said bonding layer and a surface of said intermediate layer are bonded.

US Pat. No. 10,432,168

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR QUARTZ WAFER BONDING

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

26. A method for bonding a quartz wafer package, comprising:bonding a first quartz wafer to a second quartz wafer using a bonding layer disposed in between the first and second quartz wafers to form the quartz wafer package, wherein the bonding layer comprises a liquid crystal polymer (LCP) material, wherein bonding comprises:
purging a chamber of a wafer bonder tool that contains the quartz wafer package;
ramping to a first temperature over a desired time period inside the chamber;
dwelling at the first temperature for a desired time period;
ramping to a second temperature, which is higher than the first temperature, over a desired time period inside the chamber;
applying a first force to the quartz wafer package using a top plate of the wafer bonder tool;
dwelling at the second temperature and first force for a desired time period;
cooling to a third temperature over a desired time period inside the chamber;
removing the first force from the quartz wafer package;
cooling to a fourth temperature over a desired time period inside the chamber; and
cooling to a fifth temperature over a desired time period inside the chamber, wherein each of the first quartz wafer and the second quartz wafer comprises at least one cavity, and wherein at least three interdigitated structures are disposed with the at least one cavity of each of the first quartz wafer and the second quartz wafer.

US Pat. No. 10,432,166

PIEZOELECTRIC THIN FILM RESONATOR, FILTER, AND MULTIPLEXER

TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD., T...

11. A multiplexer comprising:a filter including a piezoelectric thin film resonator, wherein
the piezoelectric thin film resonator includes:
a substrate;
a piezoelectric film located on the substrate;
a lower electrode and an upper electrode facing each other across at least a part of the piezoelectric film;
a first insertion layer located between the lower electrode and the upper electrode and located in at least a part of an outer peripheral region within a resonance region in which the lower electrode and the upper electrode face each other across the piezoelectric film, the first insertion layer being not located in a center region of the resonance region; and
a second insertion layer located between the lower electrode and the upper electrode and located in at least a part of the outer peripheral region within the resonance region, the second insertion layer being not located in the center region of the resonance region, a position of an inner edge of the second insertion layer in the resonance region being different from a position of an inner edge of the first insertion film in the resonance region in a plan view,
wherein the first insertion layer and the second insertion layer have different acoustic impedances.

US Pat. No. 10,432,165

BALANCED/UNBALANCED CONVERTER

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A balanced/unbalanced converter comprising:an element assembly;
a first strip line disposed in the element assembly;
a second strip line disposed in the element assembly;
a third strip line disposed in the element assembly and electromagnetically coupled with the first strip line;
a fourth strip line disposed in the element assembly and electromagnetically coupled with the second strip line;
an unbalanced terminal disposed on an outer surface of the element assembly and electrically connected to one end of the first strip line; and
an open terminal disposed on the outer surface of the element assembly and electrically connected to one end of the second strip line,
wherein another end of the first strip line and another end of the second strip line are electrically connected,
the first strip line includes a spiral first conductor,
the second strip line includes a spiral second conductor,
an outer circumferential end of the first conductor is electrically connected to the unbalanced terminal, and
an outer circumferential end of the second conductor is electrically connected to the open terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,163

VARIABLE FILTER CIRCUIT, HIGH FREQUENCY MODULE CIRCUIT, AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A variable filter circuit comprising:a plurality of serial arms, a first serial arm including a plurality of circuit elements that are connected in series with respect to a signal path; and
a first parallel arm including a plurality of circuit elements that are connected between the signal path and ground,
wherein the first serial arm and the first parallel arm each includes:
a variable reactance element;
a series reactance element connected in series to the variable reactance element and that resonates with the variable reactance element; and
a parallel reactance element connected in parallel to the variable reactance element and that resonates with the variable reactance element,
wherein, in each of the first serial arm and the first parallel arm, a frequency at which the variable reactance element and the parallel reactance element resonate is lower than a frequency at which the variable reactance element and the series reactance element resonate, and
wherein at least one of the plurality of serial arms is connected on each side of the first parallel arm.

US Pat. No. 10,432,161

BAND-PASS FILTER

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A band-pass filter comprising:a main body formed of a dielectric;
a first input/output port and a second input/output port integrated with the main body;
a plurality of resonators provided within the main body, and located between the first input/output port and the second input/output port in circuit configuration;
a shield formed of a conductor and integrated with the main body; and
a partition formed of a conductor, provided within the main body, and electrically connected to the shield, wherein
the shield includes a first portion and a second portion spaced from each other in a first direction, and a connecting portion connecting the first and second portions,
the first portion, the second portion and the connecting portion are arranged to surround the plurality of resonators,
the plurality of resonators include a first resonator and a second resonator,
the first resonator includes a first resonator conductor portion formed of a conductor,
the second resonator includes a second resonator conductor portion formed of a conductor,
each of the first and second resonator conductor portions is shaped to be elongated in a direction intersecting the first direction, and has a first end and a second end opposite to each other in a longitudinal direction of the resonator conductor portion,
the first end is connected to a ground,
the second end is open, and
the partition extends in a direction intersecting the longitudinal direction of each of the first and second resonator conductor portions such that at least part of the partition passes through between the first and second resonator conductor portions, and is in contact with the first portion and the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,432,160

CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT, MOBILE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR AMPLIFYING A SIGNAL

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A circuit arrangement, comprising:at least one amplifier circuit configured to amplify a received signal comprising a first signal received in a first time interval and a second signal received in a second time interval, wherein the first signal or the second signal is sent by one coherent wireless signal source and the other of the first or the second signal is sent by at least two coherent wireless signal sources; and
at least one gain control circuit connected to the at least one amplifier circuit and configured to
determine a first expected received signal strength of the first signal;
determine a second expected received signal strength of the second signal;
determine a gain level based on the first and second expected received signal strengths;
wherein the at least one amplifier circuit is configured to amplify the first signal using the determined gain level and to amplify the second signal using the determined gain level.

US Pat. No. 10,432,158

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR A CHOPPER INSTRUMENTATION AMPLIFIER

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An instrumentation amplifier comprising:a pair of input terminals;
first and second intermediate nodes;
an output terminal;
a first amplifying stage coupled between the pair of input terminals and the first intermediate node, the first amplifying stage comprises a first chopper amplifier;
a second amplifying stage coupled between the first intermediate node and the second intermediate node, the second amplifying stage comprises a second chopper amplifier; and
a third amplifying stage coupled between the second intermediate node and the output terminal, the third amplifying stage comprises a non-chopper amplifier;
wherein a gain of the first amplifying stage is greater than a gain of the third amplifying stage and a gain of the second amplifying stage is greater than the gain of the third amplifying stage,
wherein the pair of input terminals comprises a first input terminal and a second input terminal, and
wherein the first chopper amplifier comprises a first sub-chopper amplifier and a second sub-chopper amplifier, the first sub-chopper amplifier being coupled to the first input terminal, and the second sub-chopper amplifier being coupled to the second input terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,156

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPO...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a first differential amplifying unit that includes a first pair of P-channel differential transistors in which one and the other of differential input signals are applied to the respective gates and the voltage of a first node changed in accordance with the voltage range of the differential input signals is applied to each source, and that amplifies the differential input signals in the case where the differential input signals indicate a first voltage range;
a second differential amplifying unit that includes a second pair of P-channel differential transistors in which one and the other of the differential input signals are applied to the respective gates and the voltage of the first node is applied to each source, and that amplifies the differential input signals in the case where the differential input signals indicate a second voltage range higher than the first voltage range;
a first protection unit that conducts between each source and each drain of the first and second pairs of differential transistors in the case where the differential input signals indicate a third voltage range higher than the first and second voltage ranges;
a third differential amplifying unit that includes a third pair of N-channel differential transistors in which one and the other of the differential input signals are applied to the respective gates and the voltage of a second node changed in accordance with the voltage range of the differential input signals is applied to each source, and that amplifies the differential input signals in the case where the differential input signals indicate a fourth voltage range;
a fourth differential amplifying unit that includes a fourth pair of N-channel differential transistors in which one and the other of the differential input signals are applied to the respective gates and the voltage of the second node is applied to each source, and that amplifies the differential input signals in the case where the differential input signals indicate a fifth voltage range lower than the fourth voltage range;
a second protection unit that conducts between each source and each drain of the third and fourth pairs of differential transistors in the case where the differential input signals indicate a sixth voltage range lower than the fourth and fifth voltage ranges; and
a synthesis circuit that generates differential output signals by synthesizing amplification results obtained by the first to fourth differential amplifying units.

US Pat. No. 10,432,154

REGULATION OF AN RF AMPLIFIER

STMicroelectronics SA, M...

1. A radio frequency (RF) amplifier comprising:an input terminal;
an output terminal;
a power supply and biasing stage comprising a first amplifier having an output coupled to the input terminal, and a second amplifier having an output coupled to a current source; and
an amplification stage comprising a first transistor having a control terminal coupled to the input terminal and a first conduction terminal coupled to the output terminal, wherein the power supply and biasing stage is configured to generate a bias voltage at the control terminal of the first transistor to simultaneously regulate a power supply voltage of the amplification stage to a first voltage and a bias current of the amplification stage to a first current, wherein the first amplifier is configured to regulate the first conduction terminal of the first transistor to the first voltage, the first amplifier configured to provide, at the output of the first amplifier, the bias voltage, wherein the second amplifier is configured to regulate the bias current to the first current.

US Pat. No. 10,432,153

BIASING METHOD WITHOUT USING THERMAL COMPENSATION APPLICABLE FOR BOTH CLASS-A AND CLASS-AB AUDIO POWER AMPLIFIER

1. A biasing circuit which provides biasing voltage for typical solid state output stage formed by complimentary Emitter Follower (hereinafter EF), complimentary Source Follower (hereinafter SF), or Complimentary Feedback Pair (hereinafter CFP), in an audio frequency power amplifier to establish stable biasing current comprising:a current sensing circuit which tracks the instantaneous conducting current in the complimentary power devices of said complimentary output stage and generates a complimentary voltage output pair with each voltage value corresponding to said output device current under tracking, respectively; wherein and hereinafter said complimentary device or voltage pair refers to the conjugative device pair of N and P type semiconductor devices or the conjugative voltage pair with one related to N type device and the other related to P type device, respectively;
a complimentary voltage reference generator which generates a complimentary reference voltage pair which pairs with aforementioned complimentary voltage output pair to form a complimentary differential voltage pair to be used as the input of the complimentary differential amplifier mentioned hereinafter,
a complimentary differential amplifier which takes aforementioned complimentary differential voltage pair as its input and generates an amplified differential output voltage which is only sensitive and related to the quiescent biasing current despite of the instant operation condition of the output transistor devices; wherein said complimentary differential amplifier contains only one amplification stage and said differential output voltage directly forms the input to the voltage multiplier mentioned hereinafter;
a voltage multiplier which takes said voltage output of aforementioned complimentary differential amplifier as its input and generates an amplified output voltage which forms the biasing voltage and hence determines the quiescent biasing current of aforementioned complimentary output stage devices;
a negative feedback scheme/loop which is formed through the connection of aforementioned current-to-voltage conversion circuit, complimentary reference voltage pair, complimentary differential amplifier, voltage multiplier and output devices; through which a desired quiescent biasing current is established and maintained in said complimentary output devices; wherein said feedback scheme/loop is constructed as described in following: said complimentary voltage output pair of said current sensing circuit and said complimentary reference voltage pair of said complimentary voltage reference generator form a complimentary differential input voltage pair which is connected to said input nodes of said complimentary differential amplifier; said differential output voltage nodes of said complimentary differential amplifier are connected to said input nodes of said voltage multiplier; said output nodes of said voltage multiplier are connected to the input nodes of said complimentary output power stage; through the formation of said feedback scheme/loop, the polarity of each connection is constructed in a way that only a negative (other than positive) feedback is formed within the entire loop when quiescent biasing current on output stage is considered as the variable in the feedback system.

US Pat. No. 10,432,152

RF AMPLIFIER OUTPUT CIRCUIT DEVICE WITH INTEGRATED CURRENT PATH, AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE THEREOF

NXP USA, Inc., Austin, T...

1. A device comprising:first and second parallel opposed surfaces;
first and second parallel opposed sides extending between the first and second surfaces;
a first ceramic capacitor formed from a first stack that includes a first electrode, a second electrode, and at least one first ceramic layer between the first and second electrodes, wherein the at least one first ceramic layer is formed from a first ceramic material that has a first quality factor, and wherein the first and second electrodes are parallel with the first and second surfaces of the device;
a second ceramic capacitor formed from a second stack that includes a third electrode, a fourth electrode, and at least one second ceramic layer between the third and fourth electrodes, wherein the at least one second ceramic layer is formed from a second ceramic material that has a second quality factor, wherein the second quality factor is higher than the first quality factor, and wherein the third and fourth electrodes are parallel with the first and second surfaces of the device;
a conductive current path structure that includes a lateral conductor, a first vertical conductor proximate to the first side of the device, and a second vertical conductor proximate to the second side of the device, wherein the lateral conductor is parallel with the first and second surfaces of the device, and is located between the first and second ceramic layers, the first vertical conductor extends from a first end of the lateral conductor to the first surface of the device, and the second vertical conductor extends from a second end of the lateral conductor to the first surface of the device; and
one or more additional passive components integrally formed with the device, and electrically connected between the first and third electrodes, wherein the first and second ceramic materials, the first, second, third, and fourth electrodes, the lateral conductor, and the one or more additional passive components are co-fired together to form a monolithic device.

US Pat. No. 10,432,151

AUDIO AMPLIFIERS

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

18. An audio driving circuit for receiving an input audio signal and an output for outputting an audio driving signal, the audio driving circuit comprising:an amplifier;
a pre-distortion module operable to apply an adaptive non-linear distortion function to the input audio signal;
an error block for determining a first error signal indicative of any error between the input audio signal and the audio driving signal based on a feedback signal of the voltage of the audio driving signal, wherein an analogue-to-digital conversion module is provided for receiving an analogue feedback signal derived from the audio driving signal and outputting a corresponding digital signal as a second signal, and wherein the analogue-to-digital conversion module comprises an analogue-to-digital converter (ADC) and an analogue gain element configured to apply analogue gain to the analogue feedback signal before the ADC the analogue gain element configured to apply said analogue gain to so as to limit the input to the ADC to lie within a first predetermined voltage range that corresponds to a linear operating range of the ADC;
wherein the pre-distortion module comprises a controller for adapting the non-linear distortion function applied based on the first error signal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,150

REDUCING AUDIO ARTIFACTS IN AN AMPLIFIER DURING CHANGES IN POWER STATES

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. An apparatus comprising:a digital-to-analog converter configured to convert a digital audio input signal into a differential analog input signal with a substantially non-zero common-mode voltage;
an amplifier configured to receive the differential analog input signal and generate at an amplifier output a ground-centered output signal from the differential analog input signal;
a clamp configured to selectively couple and decouple the amplifier output to a ground voltage; and
a controller configured to:
control the clamp to selectively couple and decouple the amplifier output to a ground voltage responsive to transitions between power states of a device comprising the apparatus; and
control the differential analog input signal generated by the digital-to-analog converter in order to minimize a level transition current through an output load coupled to the amplifier output during transitions between the power states.

US Pat. No. 10,432,099

RESONANT CONVERTER CIRCUIT HAVING DIFFERENT AC AND DC TRANSFER FUNCTIONS

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A resonant converter circuit comprising:a controller having a Vbusdiv-input-terminal configured to receive a Vbusdiv-input-signal and control operation of the resonant converter circuit in accordance with the Vbusdiv-input-signal; and
a Vbus-compensation-network comprising: a Vbus-input-terminal configured to directly receive a bus voltage signal having both an AC component and a DC component; a Vbusdiv-output-terminal configured to provide the Vbusdiv-input-signal directly to the controller; a reference terminal; an AC-impedance-network connected between the Vbus-input-terminal and the Vbusdiv-output-terminal, wherein the AC-impedance-network is configured to apply an AC transfer function to the AC component of the received bus voltage signal; and a DC-impedance-network connected between the Vbus-input-terminal and the Vbusdiv-output-terminal, wherein the DC-impedance-network is configured to apply a DC transfer function to the DC component of the received bus voltage signal, wherein the DC transfer function is different from the AC transfer function.

US Pat. No. 10,432,086

METHODS AND SYSTEMS OF BRIDGELESS PFC CONVERTERS

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A method of operating a power converter, comprising:operating the power converter during a positive half-line cycle of an alternating current (AC) source by:
charging a primary winding of a multi-winding boost inductor with a charging current having a first polarity; and then
discharging the primary winding with a first discharge current having the first polarity;
sensing a falling edge of a voltage at a switch node by way of a secondary winding of the multi-winding boost inductor coupled to a comparator; and
triggering a subsequent charging of the primary winding during the positive half-line cycle based on the falling edge;
operating the power converter during a negative half-line cycle of the frequency of the AC source by:
charging the primary winding of the multi-winding boost inductor with a charging current having a second polarity opposite the first polarity; and then
discharging the primary winding with a second discharge current having the second polarity;
sensing a rising edge of the voltage at the switch node by way of the secondary winding of the multi-winding boost inductor coupled to the comparator; and
triggering a subsequent charging of the primary winding in the negative half-line cycle based on the rising edge.

US Pat. No. 10,432,077

VOICE COIL MOTOR

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A voice coil motor (VCM), comprising:a cover can made of metal material, the cover can comprising a top plate comprising a hole, and a side plate extending from the top plate;
a bobbin disposed in the cover can;
a coil disposed on the bobbin;
a magnet disposed between the bobbin and the side plate of the cover can and facing the coil;
a base disposed below the bobbin and coupled with the side plate of the cover can;
a first elastic member comprising an inner portion coupled with a lower surface of the bobbin, an outer portion coupled with an upper surface of the base, and a coupling portion connecting the inner portion and the outer portion, the first elastic member comprising two elastic members spaced apart from each other and the two elastic members being electrically connected to the coil; and
a terminal comprising two terminal parts electrically connected to the two elastic members, respectively,
wherein the terminal comprises an inclined portion with respect to the side plate of the cover can,
wherein the terminal comprises first and second portions that are parallel to the side plate of the cover can, and
wherein the inclined portion of the terminal connects the first portion of the terminal and the second portion of the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,432,072

DUAL SHAFT INTEGRATED MOTOR

NSK LTD., Tokyo (JP)

1. A dual shaft integrated motor including an inner rotor and an outer rotor that are independently rotatable and rotate in an identical pivotal direction, the inner rotor and the outer rotor each having an output shaft positioned on one end of the pivotal direction, the dual shaft integrated motor comprising:a detection unit including a first detection unit configured to detect a rotation angle of the inner rotor, and a second detection unit configured to detect a rotation angle of the outer rotor;
a bearing unit including a first bearing configured to rotate in conjunction with the inner rotor, and a second bearing configured to rotate in conjunction with the outer rotor;
a stator core unit including a first core serving as a stator core of the inner rotor, and a second core serving as a stator core of the outer rotor; and
a base to which the detection unit, the bearing unit, and the stator core unit are sequentially attached from the one end,
wherein a magnet provided in the inner rotor and the first core each have a shaft length in the pivotal direction longer than a shaft length of a magnet provided in the outer rotor and a shaft length of the second core, and
wherein a shaft length of the second bearing is longer than a shaft length of the first bearing and
wherein the first bearing and second bearing are located at one end of the motor.

US Pat. No. 10,432,069

CONTROLLER-INTEGRATED ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A controller-integrated rotary electric machine having a power circuit portion provided between an external power source and a stator winding of a rotary electric machine main body, wherein the power circuit portion includes:a positive-side power input/output terminal and a negative-side power input/output terminal that are electrically connected to the external power source;
a power module that is connected to the external power source by the positive-side power input/output terminal and the negative-side power input/output terminal, is also connected to the stator winding, and performs power conversion between the external power source and the stator winding; and
a single heat sink that cools the power module,
the positive-side power input/output terminal being fixed to the single heat sink via an insulating material, and
the negative-side power input/output terminal being fixed directly to the single heat sink, wherein
either one of the positive-side power input/output terminal and the negative-side power input/output terminal is attached to a harness mount provided with an even number of depressions arranged at approximately equal intervals, and
the other one of the terminals is attached to a harness mount provided with an odd number of depressions arranged at approximately equal intervals, the odd number of depressions being three or more.

US Pat. No. 10,432,020

EMERGENCY BACK-UP POWER SYSTEM FOR TRACTION ELEVATORS

1. A back-up power system for supplying an emergency power source to a traction elevator comprising:a source of DC input power;
a microprocessor-based control arrangement configured to recognize phase irregularities in an input power supply and subsequently generate a control signal to remove the input power supply from the traction elevator, the microprocessor-based control arrangement further operable to generate a power control signal; and
a back-up power generating means coupled to the source of DC input power and responsive to the power control signal for converting the DC input power signal into the emergency power source for the traction elevator, wherein the back-up power generating means sequentially switches the DC input power through a transistor arrangement to produce a set of separate sine waves separated in phase, with the power control signal used to control the energy transfer from the DC power source to the output sine waves.

US Pat. No. 10,432,008

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CHARGING A BATTERY

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A circuit to control battery charging, comprising:a power source detection circuit configured to interface with a programmable power source;
a charge port circuit coupled to the power source detection circuit, the charge port circuit configured to provide a control signal to the power source detection circuit to increase or decrease voltage from the programmable power source;
a thermal regulation circuit coupled to the charge port circuit, wherein the thermal regulation circuit comprises
a temperature monitor coupled to receive one or more temperature signals, the temperature monitor providing temperature increase or decrease signals, and
a temperature controller coupled to receive the temperature increase or decrease signals from the temperature monitor, the temperature controller configured to provide signals indicating a change in an input current limit or a voltage; and
an input current limit circuit coupled to the charge port circuit,
wherein the charge port circuit is configured to provide the control signal to the power source detection circuit to increase or decrease the voltage in response to signals from the thermal regulation circuit and the input current limit circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,432,005

DISCHARGE CIRCUIT FOR DISCHARGING A BATTERY

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A discharge circuit for discharging a battery, said battery including a positive terminal and a negative terminal, said circuit comprising:a reference voltage source providing a reference voltage, said voltage source including a negative terminal and a positive terminal, said voltage source being electrically coupled in parallel with the battery where the negative terminal of the voltage source is electrically coupled to the negative terminal of the battery;
a load electrically coupled in parallel with the battery and the voltage source, wherein a current flow through the load generated by the battery discharges the battery to the reference voltage;
a diode electrically coupled between the voltage source and the battery and preventing current flow from the battery from entering the voltage source; and
a switch, said switch being closed to begin the discharging of the battery;
wherein a first terminal of the switch is directly connected to a negative terminal of the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,431,975

CROSS-DOMAIN ESD PROTECTION CIRCUIT

REALTEK SEMICONDUCTOR COR...

1. A cross-domain ESD protection circuit (100; 200), comprising:a first current path switch (110) positioned on a first current path between a first power terminal (101) and a first fixed-voltage terminal (102), arranged in a parallel connection with a first circuit (105), and arranged to be operably turned off when a first node voltage (V1) is at a logic high level;
a first node (121) coupled with a control terminal of the first current path switch (110), and arranged to operably provide the first node voltage (V1);
a first resister element (123) coupled between the first power terminal (101) and the first node (121);
a first MOS capacitor (125) coupled between the first node (121) and the first fixed-voltage terminal (102), and arranged to be operably charged when the first node voltage (V1) is at the logic high level;
a second current path switch (130) positioned on a second current path between a second power terminal (103) and a second fixed-voltage terminal (104), arranged in a parallel connection with a second circuit (106), and arranged to be operably controlled by a second node voltage (V2);
a switch control circuit (140) coupled between the second power terminal (103) and the second fixed-voltage terminal (104), and arranged to operably provide the second node voltage (V2); and
a node voltage control circuit (150) coupled with the first power terminal (101), the first node (121), and the switch control circuit (140), and arranged to operably control magnitude of the first node voltage (V1) according to the second node voltage (V2) when the first power terminal (101) supplies power to the first circuit (105) while the second power terminal (103) supplies power to the second circuit (106) to ensure the first current path switch (110) to maintain in a turned-off status.

US Pat. No. 10,431,969

SLIDING OUTLET WITH NO WIRE NUTS

1. A sliding outlet comprising:a first connector extension secured to a first connector, the first connector extension being flat, elongate, and outwardly projecting relative to the first connector;
a second connector extension secured to a second connector the second connector extension being flat, elongate, and outwardly projecting relative to the second connector;
and a third connector extension secured to a third connector the third connector extension being flat, elongate, and outwardly projecting relative to the third connector;
the sliding outlet being adapted to slidingly engage an outlet box, wherein the outlet box consists of:
an enclosure, a first bus bar, a second bus bar, a third bus bar;
a first bus bar extension secured to the first bus bar, the first bus bar extension being flat, elongate, and outwardly projecting relative to the first bus bar;
and a second bus bar extension secured to the second bus bar, the second bus bar extension being flat, elongate, and outwardly projecting relative to the second bus bar;
wherein the first bus bar, the second bus bar, and the third bus bar each having one or more female sockets formed therethrough adapted to be capable of releasably securing a conductor;
the first bus bar being mounted to a back wall of the enclosure;
the second bus bar being mounted to the back wall of the enclosure;
the third bus bar being mounted to a bottom wall of the enclosure;
the enclosure having a first aperture disposed in a top wall thereof;
the first aperture being adapted such that a wire can be inserted therein;
the first connector extension being adapted to operatively contact the first bus bar extension as the sliding outlet slidingly engages the outlet box;
the second connector extension being adapted to operatively contact the second bus bar extension as the sliding outlet slidingly engages the outlet box;
the third connector extension being adapted to operatively contact the third bus bar as the sliding outlet slidingly engages the outlet box;
whereby the sliding outlet is operatively connected to the outlet box without the need for wire nuts.

US Pat. No. 10,431,968

CONDUCTOR POSITIONING FIXTURE FOR CABLE PROCESSING

TE Connectivity Corporati...

1. A conductor positioning fixture comprising:a base including a positioning platform and a wedge that projects upward from a top surface of the positioning platform, the base configured to receive a cable on the top surface of the positioning platform such that exposed segments of a first conductor and a second conductor of the cable extend along opposite sides of the wedge; and
a retainer member mounted to the base and movable relative to the base along a longitudinal axis between a retracted position and an extended position, the retainer member spaced apart from the wedge along the longitudinal axis when in the retracted position and at least partially overlapping the wedge along the longitudinal axis when in the extended position;
wherein, as the retainer member moves from the retracted position towards the extended position, the retainer member is configured to engage and force the exposed segments of the first and second conductors of the cable into designated presentation positions.

US Pat. No. 10,431,930

WELDING LEAD CABLE CONNECTOR HOLDING APPARATUS FOR LOCKING AND PROTECTING WELDING LEADS

1. A welding lead cable connector securing apparatus for securing a welding lead cable connector to another device and for protecting such welding lead cable connector, the apparatus comprising:a. a shell defining a primary cavity therein, the shell further comprising a first shell member and a second shell member wherein the first shell member is hingedly attached to the second shell member; and
b. an appendage extending from the first shell member wherein at least part of the appendage extends through a shell member hole in the second shell member when the shell is in a closed configuration, and wherein the appendage includes an appendage aperture through which a pivoted hook of a padlock can be inserted to lock and secure the welding lead cable connector securing apparatus in the closed configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,431,882

ANTENNA MODULE AND CIRCUIT MODULE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An antenna module comprising:a dielectric substrate in which an antenna being disposed, the antenna comprising a conductor pattern;
a high-frequency semiconductor device that is mounted on a bottom surface of the dielectric substrate and that supplies a high-frequency signal to the antenna;
a plurality of conductor columns that projects from the bottom surface; and
a dielectric member that is disposed on the bottom surface and in which the conductor columns are embedded such that an end of each of the conductor columns projects out from the dielectric member,
wherein the dielectric member defines a mounting surface that faces a mounting substrate, and
wherein a step is formed in a side surface of a composite structure that includes the dielectric substrate and the dielectric member, said step being formed between an outer periphery of the dielectric substrate and an outer periphery of the dielectric member, and a part of the side surface extending from the mounting surface to the step is more recessed than other part of the side surface that is located above the step.

US Pat. No. 10,431,872

MOBILE TERMINAL

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A mobile terminal comprising:a display unit configured to display information;
a middle frame comprising a supporting portion and a side portion provided around the supporting portion to define a lateral external appearance, the supporting portion supporting a rear surface of the display unit;
a main board provided at a rear surface of the middle frame and comprising a ground;
a first wireless communication unit on the main board and configured to transceive a first signal;
a second wireless communication unit on the main board and configured to transceive a second signal; and
a rear case covering a rear surface of the main board,
wherein the side portion comprises at least one slit forming a plurality conductive members,
wherein the plurality of the conductive members comprises:
at least one first antenna electrically connectable to both the first wireless communication unit and the second wireless communication unit and configured to receive the first signal and the second signal; and
at least one second antenna electrically connected to the first wireless communication unit and configured to transceive the first signal, and
wherein the first signal is received by both the at least one first antenna and the at least one second antenna and then transmitted by the at least one second antenna.

US Pat. No. 10,431,867

CLOCK DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM

NORTHROP GRUMMAN SYSTEMS ...

1. A clock distribution system comprising:a first resonator spine that propagates a first clock signal;
a second resonator spine that propagates a second clock signal that is out-of-phase relative to the first clock signal;
at least one resonator rib each conductively coupled to at least one of the first and second resonator spines and being arranged as a standing wave resonator with respect to a respective at least one of the first and second clock signals to inductively provide the respective at least one of the first and second clock signals to an associated circuit via a respective transformer-coupling line; and
an isolation element configured to mitigate at least one of inductive and capacitive coupling between the first and second clock signals.

US Pat. No. 10,431,865

SHAPED MAGNETIC BIAS CIRCULATOR

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A method of making a magnetic structure having a shaped external magnetic bias field, the method comprising:providing a magnetic structure comprising a permanent magnetic material, the magnetic structure comprising at least a first region and a second region, the first and second regions being substantially coplanar and concentric, wherein the first region comprises an inner concentric region and the second region comprises an outer concentric region; and
controllably reducing local magnetic field strength of at least a portion of at least one of the first and second regions to shape an external magnetic bias created by the first and second regions of the magnetic structure, wherein a resultant shaped external magnetic bias is configured to counteract at least a portion of a demagnetizing effect resulting at least in part from a shape of an external structure biased by the magnetic structure.

US Pat. No. 10,431,864

NON-RECIPROCAL CIRCUIT ELEMENT AND WIRELESS COMMUNICATION DEVICE

NEC CORPORATION, Minato-...

1. A surface mount technology non-reciprocal circuit element comprising:a ferromagnetic material placed above a circuit board; and
a conductor cover composed of a main unit located above the ferromagnetic material and a plurality of connecting members for electrically connecting the main unit with each of a plurality of transmission lines on the circuit board, wherein
the ferromagnetic material and at least one of the connecting members are formed so as to create, in at least one of gaps between the side surface of the ferromagnetic material and each of the plurality of connecting members, a location where a clearance between a side surface of the ferromagnetic material and the connecting member is a first clearance and a location where the clearance is a second clearance different from the first clearance,
each of the plurality of connecting members has a base part extending radially from an outer edge of the main unit on the same plane as the main unit, an end part electrically connected to the transmission line, and an intermediate part opposite to the side surface of the ferromagnetic material and connecting between the base part and the end part,
each of the plurality of connecting members is bent at a boundary between the base part and the intermediate part and at a boundary between the intermediate part and the end part, and
at least one of the plurality of connecting members has two or more bent points in the intermediate part.

US Pat. No. 10,431,862

PHASE SHIFT OF SIGNAL REFLECTIONS OF SURFACE TRAVELING WAVES

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. An apparatus configured to cause a phase-shift in reflections of surface-traveling waves, comprising:a conductive strip, having a plurality of slots arranged orthogonal to each other with a length of between 9/16 and ? of a wavelength ?0 associated with a select signal frequency; and
a conductive enclosure respectively disposed under each of the plurality of slots, each enclosure having a dielectric material and a depth of between ? and ? of a wavelength ?d associated with the select signal frequency when transmitted in the dielectric material;
wherein the plurality of slots and each of the conductive enclosures cause a phase-shift of 150 to 210 degrees in the reflected signals of the surface-traveling waves at the select signal frequency that impinge the apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,431,859

BATTERY PACK

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A battery pack comprising:a first plurality of battery modules that are electrically connected to a first ground;
a second plurality of battery modules that are electrically connected to a second ground, the second plurality of battery modules being stacked next to the first plurality of battery modules;
a separator that is disposed between the first plurality of battery modules and the second plurality of battery modules, the separator being configured to electrically separate the first and second grounds;
a bracket that is coupled to the separator and covers a side of each of the first plurality of battery modules and the second plurality of battery modules;
a first board assembly is located between the bracket and the side of the first plurality of battery modules; and
a second board assembly that is located between the bracket and the side of the second plurality of battery modules,
wherein each battery module in the first and second pluralities of battery modules includes a battery cell and a cartridge configured to receive the battery cell, and
wherein the cartridge includes:
a seat part configured to seat the battery cell, and
a heat dissipation part made of a first type of material different from a second type of material of the seat part, the heat dissipation part being configured to absorb heat generated from the battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,431,846

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. An energy storage device comprising:an electrode assembly that includes a sheet-like first electrode and a sheet-like second electrode, the first electrode and the second electrode being alternately layered and being wound together,
wherein each of the first electrode and the second electrode includes a sheet-like current collecting substrate,
the current collecting substrate of the first electrode is bent in a layered direction in at least a part of an end portion of the first electrode,
the electrode assembly includes first and second extension portions formed in such a manner that the current collecting substrate of the second electrode extends outward more than the end portion of the first electrode,
the first extension portion includes a first bundle portion formed by bundling the current collecting substrate of the second electrode at a leading end side in an extending direction of the first extension portion,
the second extension portion includes a second bundle portion formed by bundling the current collecting substrate of the second electrode at a leading end side in an extending direction of the second extension portion,
the first bundle portion is disposed opposite to the second bundle portion with respect to a winding axis of the electrode assembly,
a central position in the layered direction of the first bundle portion is shifted from a center in the layered direction of the first extension portion toward the winding axis in the layered direction,
a central position in the layered direction of the second bundle portion is shifted from a center in the layered direction of the second extension portion toward the winding axis in the layered direction,
wherein the first electrode includes an active material layer which is disposed on the current collecting substrate of the first electrode, and
wherein the current collecting substrate of the first electrode protrudes outward from the active material layer in the end portion of the first electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,431,842

AMMONIA-BASED THERMOELECTROCHEMICAL SYSTEMS AND METHODS

The Penn State Research F...

1. An ammonia-based thermoelectrochemical system, comprising:a reactor comprising a first electrode compartment and a second electrode compartment, a separator interposed between the first electrode compartment and the second electrode compartment, the reactor comprising first and second electrodes disposed in the first and second electrode compartments, respectively, both the first and the second electrode comprising at least one metal M selected from copper, silver, cobalt and nickel, the metal M in the first and the second electrode in solid form, wherein the first and second electrode both comprise the same metal M, a conductive conduit for electrons in electrical communication with the first electrode and the second electrode, the first and second electrode compartments containing an electrolyte comprising an aqueous solution of an ammonium salt and a salt of the at least one metal M, wherein the salt of the at least one metal M is a salt of the same metal M present in the first and second electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,431,835

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND START-UP METHOD THEREOF

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:a fuel cell that generates electric power through an electrochemical reaction between a fuel gas and an oxidant gas;
a water content acquisition unit configured to acquire a water content in the fuel cell as of a last time the fuel cell system was stopped;
a temperature acquisition unit configured to acquire a temperature inside the fuel cell by detecting a temperature inside the fuel cell at a time of start-up of the fuel cell system;
an estimation unit configured to estimate an amount of ice existing inside the fuel cell based on the acquired water content and temperature;
a notification unit that notifies a user of a time required for the estimated amount of ice to be reduced to a predetermined value or less;
a target output reaching time estimation unit configured to estimate a target output reaching time required for the fuel cell after start-up at a below-freezing temperature to become capable of providing an expected output desired or expected by a user of the fuel cell system or a predetermined output according to the expected output, based on the water content in the fuel cell and the temperature inside the fuel cell at the time of start-up at a below-freezing temperature; and
a target output reaching time notification unit that notifies the user of the time estimated by the target output reaching time estimation unit.

US Pat. No. 10,431,834

FUEL CELL SYSTEM WITH IMPROVED VALVE CONTROL

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A fuel cell system, comprising:a fuel cell configured to generate electric power using a reactive gas;
a voltage sensor configured to measure a voltage output from the fuel cell;
a compressor configured to compress the reactive gas and feed the compressed reactive gas;
a first flow path connected with the compressor on one end thereof and configured to discharge the reactive gas compressed and fed by the compressor, to the atmosphere;
a second flow path arranged to branch off from the first flow path and to be connected with the fuel cell and configured to feed the reactive gas compressed and fed by the compressor, to the fuel cell;
a flow dividing valve placed at a branch position where the second flow path branches off from the first flow path and configured to include a valve element and to divide a flow of the reactive gas fed from the compressor and regulate a flow amount of the reactive gas toward a first side that is a downstream side of the branch position in the first flow path and a flow amount of the reactive gas toward a second side that is a second flow path side,
wherein the valve element is configured to be movable between a first position that opens the first side and closes the second side and a second position that closes the first side and opens the second side, according to number of steps of a stepping motor that is provided to drive the valve element; and
a controller programmed to control the stepping motor to adjust an opening position of the valve element of the flow dividing valve, based on the voltage measured by the voltage sensor, wherein
when causing the fuel cell not to perform power generation, the controller is programmed to control the stepping motor to places the valve element at the first position, and
when causing the fuel cell to perform power generation, the controller is programmed to control the stepping motor to move the valve element by a total number of steps which is a sum of a first number of steps required for the valve element to actually move from the first position to the second position after separating from a first valve seat at the first position, and a second number of steps that are determined based on a time starting when the controller begins attempting to move the valve element from the first position toward the second position to a time when the voltage measured by the voltage sensor exceeds a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,431,833

COATINGS FOR METAL INTERCONNECTS TO REDUCE SOFC DEGRADATION

BLOOM ENERGY CORPORATION,...

1. A method of coating an interconnect for a solid oxide fuel cell, comprising:providing an interconnect substrate comprising a chromium-iron alloy comprising at least 70 weight percent chromium;
removing a native chromia layer from the interconnect substrate to expose a chromium-iron alloy surface of the interconnect substrate;
providing a mixture of manganese cobalt oxide spinel feedstock powder and strontium-doped lanthanum manganate perovskite feedstock powder into a plasma to coat an air side of the interconnect substrate with a single layer composite coating containing strontium-doped lanthanum manganate and manganese cobalt oxide directly on the exposed chromium-iron alloy surface of the interconnect substrate using a plasma spray process;
placing the coated interconnect substrate into a solid oxide fuel cell stack, such that the single layer composite coating directly contacts a solid oxide fuel cell of the stack and directly contacts the air side of the interconnect substrate, the air side of the interconnect substrate comprising the chromium-iron alloy comprising at least 70 weight percent chromium; and
conditioning the interconnect substrate, having on its air side only the single layer composite coating, in the solid oxide fuel cell stack, to form a manganese-cobalt-chromium intermediate spinel layer between the composite coating and the chromium-iron alloy surface of the air side of the interconnect substrate, the intermediate spinel layer comprising a (Mn, Cr, Co)3O4 spinel phase and the composite coating comprising a strontium-doped lanthanum manganate perovskite phase and a manganese cobalt oxide spinel phase;
wherein:
forming the manganese-cobalt-chromium intermediate spinel layer during the step of conditioning comprises forming the intermediate spinel layer by reacting the single layer composite coating with the chromium-iron alloy surface of the air side of the interconnect substrate at an elevated temperature after the step of placing;
the composite coating comprises distinct regions of the manganese cobalt oxide spinel phase in a matrix comprising the strontium-doped lanthanum manganate perovskite phase;
the manganese cobalt oxide spinel phase regions have plate-like or pancake-like structures;
the plate-like or pancake-like structures comprise crack-healing structures within the composite coating which suppress Cr evaporation through cracks generated in the matrix comprising the strontium-doped lanthanum manganate perovskite phase during operation of the solid oxide fuel cell stack; and
the matrix comprising the strontium-doped lanthanum manganate perovskite phase stabilizes the composite coating in reducing atmospheres such that spallation does not occur during operation of the solid oxide fuel cell stack.

US Pat. No. 10,431,832

STAINLESS-STEEL FOIL FOR SEPARATOR OF POLYMER ELECTROLYTE FUEL CELL

JFE STEEL CORPORATION, T...

1. A stainless-steel foil for a separator of a polymer electrolyte fuel cell, comprising:a substrate made of stainless-steel foil; and
a Sn alloy layer with which a surface of the substrate is coated, with a strike layer in between,
wherein a coverage of the strike layer on the substrate is in a range of 2% to 70%, and
the strike layer is distributed in a form of islands, and a maximum diameter of each of the islands as coating portions is 1 ?m or less.

US Pat. No. 10,431,831

CATALYST PARTICLES, CARBON-SUPPORTED CATALYST PARTICLES AND FUEL CELL CATALYSTS, AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING SUCH CATALYST PARTICLES AND CARBON-SUPPORTED CATALYST PARTICLES

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A method of manufacturing catalyst particles having an inner particle and a continuous outermost layer that contains platinum and that covers the inner particle, the method comprising:preparing a dispersion of particles composed of a second oxide that is free of oxygen defects;
preparing a dispersion of platinum ions;
mixing together the dispersion of particles composed of the second oxide and the dispersion of platinum ions, and reducing at least surfaces of the particles composed of the second oxide to a first oxide having oxygen defects, and moreover forming on the first oxide the continuous outermost layer containing platinum formed by reduction of the platinum ions; and
heating the mixture after forming the continuous outermost layer on the first oxide, wherein
the dispersion of particles composed of the second oxide is a dispersion of reversed micelles containing particles composed of the second oxide;
the dispersion of platinum ions is a dispersion of reversed micelles containing platinum ions;
a first reducing agent is additionally mixed into mixture of the dispersion of reversed micelles containing particles composed of the second oxide with the dispersion of reversed micelles containing platinum ions;
the mixture is heated after adding an alcohol to the mixture following formation of the continuous outermost layer on the first oxide, and
before the first reducing agent is additionally mixed into mixture of the dispersion of reversed micelles containing particles composed of the second oxide with the dispersion of reversed micelles containing platinum ions, the dispersion of particles composed of the second oxide and the dispersion of platinum ions are mixed.

US Pat. No. 10,431,826

NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A nonaqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising:a positive electrode including a positive electrode active material and an inorganic phosphate compound having ion conductivity, the positive electrode having an operation upper limit potential of 4.3 V or more based on metal lithium, the inorganic phosphate compound having a particle shape, a ratio of particles of the inorganic phosphate compound having a particle size of 20 ?m or more is from greater than 0% by volume to 1% by volume when an entirety of the inorganic phosphate compound is set to 100% by volume;
a negative electrode; and
a nonaqueous electrolyte, wherein
a mode diameter of the particles of the inorganic phosphate compound based on the volume is 10 ?m to 15 ?m, and a peak of the particles of the inorganic phosphate compound of the greatest frequency is 6% by volume or more.

US Pat. No. 10,431,825

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR SECONDARY BATTERY, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME, AND SECONDARY BATTERY USING SAME

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A negative electrode for a lithium ion secondary battery comprising a negative electrode active material and a coating-forming additive,wherein the negative electrode comprises the coating-forming additive in an amount within a range of 0.2% by mass or more and 1.7% by mass or less based on an amount of the negative electrode active material; and
the coating-forming additive is at least one selected from the group consisting of 3-ethyl-3-hydroxymethyloxetane, 3-ethyl-3{[(3-ethyloxetane-3-yl)methoxy]methyl}oxetane, dioxetane carbonate, xylylene bisoxetane, and ethylene glycol bis(3-ethyl-3-oxetanylmethyl)ether.

US Pat. No. 10,431,824

NEGATIVE ELECTRODE CARBON MATERIAL, METHOD FOR PRODUCING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE CARBON MATERIAL, NEGATIVE ELECTRODE FOR LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY, AND LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY

NEC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. A negative electrode carbon material for a lithium secondary battery, comprising a graphite particle having a first amorphous carbon film coated on a surface thereof,wherein the negative electrode carbon material has a cavity continuing from the first amorphous carbon film to a surface layer of the graphite particle, and
wherein an opening size of the cavity continuing from the first amorphous carbon film to a surface layer of the graphite particle is in the range of 10 nm to 1 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,431,823

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING BASE MATERIAL POWDER HAVING CARBON NANO-COATING LAYER, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING MGB2 SUPERCONDUCTOR USING THE METHOD, MGB2 SUPERCONDUCTOR, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING POSITIVE ELECTRODE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERY, LITHIUM ION B

NATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR MA...

1. A method for manufacturing a positive electrode material for a lithium ion battery, the positive electrode material having a metal oxide or a metal sulfide constituting a positive electrode material for a secondary battery using a non-aqueous electrolyte, and a carbon film coating the surface of the metal oxide or the metal sulfide, and the metal oxide or the metal sulfide being formed from a base material powder for lithium ion battery positive electrode material selected from the group consisting of SnO2, LiVPO4, LiFePO4, LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4, LiMnPO4, Li2FeSiO4, V2O5, MnO2, LiCoO2, LiNiO2, LiNi0.5Mn0.5O2, LiMn2O4, Li2S and SiO2,the method comprising adding a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon to the base material powder, heating the mixture consisting of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and the base material powder to a temperature that is higher than or equal to the boiling point of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon and is lower than or equal to the boiling point temperature of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon+300° C., and that is higher than or equal to the thermal decomposition temperature of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, and thereby coating the surface of the base material powder with from 1 layer to 300 layers of carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,431,822

BATTERY MATERIALS INCLUDING P2-TYPE LAYERED MATERIALS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICES

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. A composition, comprising:a P2-type layered material having a chemical formula NaX(Mn1/2Fe1/4Co1/4)O2, wherein X has a value of greater than or equal to 0 and less than or equal to 1.

US Pat. No. 10,431,820

HIGH VALENT LITHIATED SURFACE STRUCTURES FOR LITHIUM ION BATTERY ELECTRODE MATERIALS

UCHICAGO ARGONNE, LLC, C...

1. A surface-treated lithium metal oxide (LMO) cathode material comprising: (a) particles of an LMO material capable of releasing and receiving lithium ions during discharging and charging, respectively, of a lithium ion electrochemical cell; and (b) a compound of empirical Formula (I) on at least the surface of the LMO particles:LixM?nM?mAz;  (I):
wherein:
1?x?3;
2?z?4;
0.5?n?2;
0.05?m?1;
m 0.05?n+m?3;
M? comprises one or more metals with oxidation states of 5+ or 6+, and having an average oxidation state, w, wherein 5?w?6;
M? comprises one or more metals with oxidation states of 2+ or 3+, and having an average oxidation state, t, wherein 2?t?3;
A comprises one or more anions having an average oxidation state or formal charge, v, wherein ?3 x+(n)(w)+(m)(t)=?(v)(z).

US Pat. No. 10,431,819

ANODE SLURRY AND METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME

MICROVAST POWER SYSTEMS C...

1. A method for preparing an anode slurry used in a lithium ion battery, comprising: providing at least one anode active material, at least one conductive agent, at least one monomer or prepolymer, and at least one solvent; mixing the anode active material, the conductive agent and the monomer or prepolymer with the solvent, dispersing uniformly to form a dispersion; and adding an initiator into the dispersion and therefore inducing a polymerization of the monomer or the prepolymer, thereby yielding an anode slurry; the monomer is at least one selected from the group consisting of acrylic acid, methacrylic acid and itaconic acid; the prepolymer is selected from at least one of acrylic prepolymers, methacrylic acid prepolymer, and itaconic acid prepolymer; wherein said polymerization of the monomer or prepolymer is induced prior to coating onto a current collector.

US Pat. No. 10,431,815

CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL, ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL INCLUDING THE SAME, LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL, AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE CARBONACEOUS MATERIAL

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A carbonaceous material comprising:a core comprising graphite; and
a shell on the core and comprising an amorphous carbonaceous material,
wherein the carbonaceous material is a single body, and
wherein the amount of potassium cations (K+) at the surface of the carbonaceous material is from about 0.001 wt % to about 0.003 wt % based on a total weight of the carbonaceous material.

US Pat. No. 10,431,814

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising a positive electrode composite material layer, said positive electrode composite material layer including:a composite particle comprising a plurality of positive electrode active material primary particles, a plurality of first conductive material primary particles and a binder, all of which are joined together in the form of a granule; and
second conductive material primary particles arranged on a surface of said composite particle and having a DBP oil absorption number smaller than that of said first conductive material primary particles,
wherein said first conductive material primary particles are first carbon black particles,
said second conductive material primary particles are second carbon black particles,
the DBP oil absorption number of said first conductive material primary particles is equal to or larger than 100 ml/100 g, and
the DBP oil absorption number of said second conductive material primary particles is equal to or larger than 30 ml/100 g and equal to or smaller than 90 ml/100 g.

US Pat. No. 10,431,809

BATTERY

Murata Manufacturing Co.,...

1. A battery, comprising:a positive electrode including a positive electrode active material layer;
a negative electrode; and
a separator at least including a porous film, wherein the positive electrode active material layer comprises halogen element, wherein the porous film has a porosity ? [%] and an air permeability t [sec/100 cc] which satisfy formulae of:
t=a×Ln(?)?4.02a+100
and
?1.87×1010×S?4.96?a??40
where S[mg/cm2] is an area density of the positive electrode active material layer and Ln is natural logarithm.

US Pat. No. 10,431,805

SEPARATOR FOR SECONDARY CELL HAVING EXCELLENT HEAT RESISTANCE AND SHUTDOWN PROPERTIES

SK INNOVATION CO., LTD., ...

1. A separator for a secondary cell comprising:a porous polymer substrate having a first surface, a second surface opposing the first surface, and a plurality of pores connecting the first surface to the second surface; and
heat-resistant coating layers formed on at least one of the first surface and the second surface of the porous polymer substrate and on internal surfaces of the pores using an atomic layer deposition (ALD) process,
wherein pores having a non-coated region are present in the internal surfaces of the pores,
wherein a weight of the heat-resistant coating layers is 3.40 to 6.63 g/m2,
wherein the heat-resistant coating layers formed on the internal surfaces of the pores have a thickness of 70% or lower based on a thickness of the heat-resistant coating layers formed on the first surface and the second surface of the porous polymer substrate, and
wherein the separator has a shrinkage of 5% or lower before and after remaining at 150° C. for one hour.

US Pat. No. 10,431,793

METHOD OF PRODUCING A SEPARATOR AND METHOD OF PRODUCING A MICROPOROUS MEMBRANE

Murata Manufacturing Co.,...

1. A method for producing a separator, the method comprising:providing a particle membrane including inorganic particles on at least one principal surface of a porous body by a vapor-phase deposition process, wherein an incidence angle of the vapor-phase deposition process is varied within 0° to 45° such that the particle membrane has a porosity that is non-uniform in a thickness direction thereof, wherein the particle membrane has a thickness of 10 nm or more and less than 100 nm, wherein at least 50% of the inorganic particles have a secondary particle diameter of 20 nm or less, wherein the particle membrane has an oxidation degree that is non-uniform in a thickness direction thereof, the oxidation degree operably controllable by supplying oxygen gas to the principal surface of the porous body during vapor deposition of the particle membrane, and wherein the oxidation degree is highest near an outer surface of the particle membrane and lowest near an interface between the article membrane and the porous body.

US Pat. No. 10,431,791

TRACTION BATTERY PACK SHIELD AND SHIELDING METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A battery assembly, comprising:a traction battery pack having a polymer-based enclosure;
a shield having a floor and a plurality of walls extending transversely away from the floor, the shield provides a cavity that receives a traction battery pack of an electrified vehicle, the cavity is larger than the traction battery pack so that there is a gap between at least some of the plurality of the walls and the traction battery pack within the cavity,
the battery pack supported on the floor of the shield and biased toward a vehicle frame, the walls extending transversely from the floor to the vehicle frame;
a vehicle frame spanning over the cavity from a first one of the plurality of walls to an opposite, second one of the plurality of walls, wherein the shield is electrically grounded to the vehicle frame; and
an isolator of the shield that isolates loads moving from the vehicle frame to the shield, wherein the isolator is a corrugated portion of the shield, and the shield with the corrugated portion is a metal or metal alloy.

US Pat. No. 10,431,790

BATTERY MODULE HAVING ELECTRODE LEAD WITH DAMPING STRUCTURE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery module comprising:two or more battery cells, which can be charged and discharged, stacked in a state of being adjacent to each other in a vertical direction or in a horizontal direction; and
sheathing members for respectively fixing the battery cells to form a battery cell stack, wherein
each of the battery cells has electrode leads electrically connected to an electrode assembly, which is mounted in a battery cell case of each of the battery cells, in a state of protruding outward from the battery cell case,
the electrode leads of the battery cells of the battery cell stack are coupled to each other by welding to form a coupled portion of the electrode leads, and
the coupled portion of the electrode leads or the remaining portion of the electrode leads excluding the coupled portion of the electrode leads of a first battery cell and a second battery cell of the two or more battery cells is provided with a damping structure for absorbing or buffering external force applied to the battery module or vibration generated during welding,
the first battery cell and the second battery cell are adjacent to each other in the vertical direction or in the horizontal direction, and each electrode lead of the second battery cell comprises a first bent portion bent toward a corresponding electrode lead of the first battery cell such that the first bent portion is adjacent to the corresponding electrode lead of the first battery cell, an inclined portion extending from the first bent portion at an angle other than perpendicular towards the second battery cell, and a second bent portion extending from the inclined portion and horizontally bent such that the second bent portion is connected to the corresponding electrode lead of the first battery cell, and
the second bent portion being positioned closer to the second battery cell than the first bent portion is positioned to the second battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,431,789

COMPOSITE BATTERY ENCLOSURE

TPI COMPOSITES, INC., Wa...

1. A battery enclosure for a vehicle chassis comprising:a base member having an upper and lower surface, the base member having a plurality of raised surface features on the upper surface outlining individual cells, each cell configured to receive at least one battery;
a cover member having an upper and lower surface, the cover member having a plurality of depending surface features on the lower surface outlining individual cells, the surface features of the cover member aligned with the surface features of the base member, and
the cover member having at least one channel formed in the upper surface thereof, aligned with and extending along a length of the depending surface feature disposed on the bottom surface;
a lattice support structure, the lattice support structure including a plurality of support members extending axially and a plurality of support members extending transversely,
wherein the lattice support structure is configured to be at least partially disposed within the channel of the cover member and mounted to the vehicle chassis; and
wherein a top surface of the lattice support structure is coplanar with a top surface of the cover member.

US Pat. No. 10,431,788

HOLDING-DOWN MEANS FOR FIXING BATTERY CELLS IN A BATTERY SUBMODULE, AND BATTERY SUBMODULE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A holding-down apparatus (100) for fixing battery cells (2) in a battery submodule (70), comprising:positioning elements (110) for positioning the holding-down apparatus (100) relative to the battery cells (2),
guide elements (120) for guiding cell connectors (80) which connect the battery cells (2),
gas-venting openings (130) which pass through from a top side (104) to a bottom side (106) in a central region (102) of the holding-down apparatus (100), and
sealing elements (132) positioned on the bottom side of the holding-down apparatus, each sealing element being a ring surrounding a respective gas-venting opening (130).

US Pat. No. 10,431,787

BATTERY PACK RETENTION ASSEMBLY AND RETENTION METHOD

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An assembly, comprising:a conforming bracket that secures a battery array within a battery pack, the conforming bracket including a plurality of platforms configured to flex as the conforming bracket is secured to align an area of the conforming bracket with a thermal exchange plate; and
a rail member securing a plurality of battery cell frames relative to the thermal exchange plate, the rail member secured to the conforming bracket at a plurality of rail attachment locations distributed axially along a longitudinal axis of the conforming bracket, each of the plurality of rail attachment locations positioned within one of the plurality of platforms.

US Pat. No. 10,431,786

ELECTRICITY STORAGE MODULE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. An electricity storage module comprising:a plurality of electricity storage elements, each of the electricity storage elements has a horizontally elongated rectangular shape and includes a first end portion, a second end portion, a first flat side, and a second flat side, the first and second end portions of each electricity storage element are located on opposite ends and are separated in a horizontal direction, the first and second flat sides of each electricity storage element are located on opposite sides and are separated in a thickness direction;
a plurality of positive and negative lead terminals, in each electricity storage element, a positive lead terminal protrudes outward from one of the first or second end portions and a negative lead terminal protrudes outward from the other of the first or second end portions;
a stack in which the plurality of electricity storage elements are stacked in the thickness direction, for adjacent stacked electricity storage elements, the lead terminals of one electricity storage element are connected to the lead terminals of opposite polarities of the other electricity storage element;
bus bars that are individually connected to those of the lead terminals connected in order that are located at opposite ends and that have mutually opposite polarities; and
voltage detection terminals that are connected to terminal ends of voltage detection lines and individually connected to the electricity storage elements;
wherein the plurality of electricity storage elements are stacked in such a manner that a plurality of opposite polarity lead terminals, the bus bars, and the voltage detection terminals extend from one of the first or second end portions and overlap one another so as to be collectively connected by laser welding.

US Pat. No. 10,431,785

BATTERY PACK ARRAY FRAMES WITH INTEGRATED FASTENER HOUSINGS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A battery pack, comprising:a support structure,
wherein said support structure is a tray of an enclosure assembly;
a first array frame including a fastener housing;
a fastener received through said fastener housing for mounting said first array frame to said support structure; and
a second array frame connected to said first array frame,
wherein said fastener housing includes a first opening and a second opening,
wherein said first opening extends along a first axis and said second opening extends along a second axis, and said first axis is perpendicular to said second axis.

US Pat. No. 10,431,784

METHOD FOR CLAMPING A LITHIUM ION ACCUMULATOR, LITHIUM ION ACCUMULATOR AND MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A LITHIUM ION ACCUMULATOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for clamping a lithium ion accumulator comprising a lithium ion accumulator cell stack having a top surface, a base surface opposite the top surface, and a circumferential surface having four side surfaces, and at least two prismatic lithium ion accumulator cells, the method comprising:positioning at least one tension strap apparatus around the circumferential surface of the lithium ion accumulator cell stack, wherein the at least one tension strap apparatus includes a first end and a second end;
tensioning only a portion of the at least one tension strap in a region of the circumferential surface less than the entire circumferential surface, while keeping the first end and the second end of the at least one tension strap apparatus in a tension-free state; and
then connecting the first end and the second end of the at least one tension strap apparatus to each other indirectly, during the tension-free state, using one or two plates which are positioned on one side surface or two mutually opposite side surfaces of the circumferential surface, wherein at least the first end or the second end of the at least one tension strap apparatus is connected to at least one plate,
wherein the indirect connection of the first end and the second end of the at least one tension strap apparatus is produced by at least one of a welded joint, a screw connection, and a clamping connection.

US Pat. No. 10,431,783

BATTERY PACK

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery pack comprising a lower case comprising:both side walls inclined from a lower side towards an upper side, and fixating members facing each other at the both side walls;
at least one battery cartridge accommodated in the lower case to be disposed between the fixating members; and
an upper case disposed on the lower case to cover the battery cartridge,
wherein the battery cartridge comprises a taxiing member contacting the both side walls and the fixating members in the lower case, and
wherein each of the fixating members has a concave part on an outer circumferential surface and a convex part on an inner circumferential surface in the lower case.

US Pat. No. 10,431,782

BATTERY PACK

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A battery pack comprising:a plurality of battery cells arranged in parallel with each other, each of the battery cells comprising an electrode terminal at opposite ends thereof;
a holder case configured to accommodate the battery cells;
a protection circuit module mounted at an external side of the holder case and comprising:
a main body; and
a cell voltage measuring terminal on the main body and facing the holder case; and
a connection tab comprising a body part electrically connected to the electrode terminals of a group of the battery cells and an extended part extended from the body part to contact and be electrically connected with the cell voltage measuring terminal of the protection circuit module due to tension in the extended part,
wherein the main body of the protection circuit module at least partially covers the extended part of the connection tab.

US Pat. No. 10,431,778

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An organic light emitting display device, comprising:a first substrate having a display area and a non-display area;
an organic light emitting diode in the display area of the first substrate; and
an anisotropic diffusion film on the organic light emitting diode, having a diffusion property varied depending on an incident angle,
wherein the anisotropic diffusion film includes a first resin layer and a first optical pattern inside the resin,
wherein the first optical pattern is level relative to the first substrate, and
wherein the first resin layer has a varied lower surface to planarize a surface under the anisotropic diffusion film.

US Pat. No. 10,431,777

LAMINATE AND IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A laminate comprising, in the following order:a substrate;
an organic layer A;
an inorganic layer B; and
an organic layer B,
wherein at least one of the organic layer A and the organic layer B contains a liquid crystal compound,
wherein the at least one of the organic layer A and the organic layer B containing the liquid crystal compound has an in-plane retardation,
wherein the laminate further comprises a polarizer which is provided on a side of the substrate opposite to the inorganic layer B, and
wherein the substrate has an in-plane retardation, and an angle formed between a slow axis direction of the substrate and an absorption axis direction or a transmission axis direction of the polarizer is ?5° to +5°.

US Pat. No. 10,431,776

WHITE ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE AND DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. An organic light emitting diode (OLED) display device comprising:a pixel driving layer on a substrate;
a color filter pattern including at least three different color filter patterns that correspond to respective pixel regions;
a first electrode connected to a thin film transistor of the pixel driving layer;
a second electrode facing the first electrode;
a first charge generation layer and a second charge generation layer between the first and second electrodes;
a first light emitting unit including a first emitting material layer made of an organic material and emitting a first color, wherein the first light emitting unit is located between the first electrode and the first charge generation layer;
a second light emitting unit including a second emitting material layer made of an organic material and emitting a second color, wherein the second light emitting unit is located between the first charge generation layer and the second charge generation layer; and
a third light emitting unit including a third emitting material layer made of an organic material and emitting the second color of the second light emitting unit, wherein the third light emitting unit is located between the second charge generation layer and the second electrode,
wherein the first color is yellow-green emitted using a phosphorescent dopant material of the first emitting material layer, and the second color is blue emitted using a fluorescent material of each of the second and third light emitting layers,
wherein the thin film transistor includes:
a semiconductor layer on the substrate;
a gate insulating layer on the semiconductor layer;
a gate electrode on the gate insulating layer;
an inter-layered insulating layer on the gate electrode; and
a source electrode and a drain electrode on the inter-layered insulating layer,
wherein the color filter pattern is directly on the source electrode and the drain electrode and having a drain contact hole exposing the drain electrode, and
wherein the first electrode is directly on the color filter pattern and is connected to the drain electrode through the drain contact hole.

US Pat. No. 10,431,775

ORGANIC EL DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ORGANIC EL DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC INSTRUMENT

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An organic electro luminescence (EL) device comprising:a first pixel and a second pixel each having a different optical path length, the first pixel and the second pixel each including:
a reflective layer formed on a surface of a second insulating layer, the reflective layer including a plurality of portions disposed at predetermined intervals,
a first electrode,
a second electrode,
a light emitting function layer provided between the first electrode and the second electrode,
a protective layer provided between the first electrode and the reflective layer, and
an optical path length adjusting layer provided between the first electrode and the protective layer, the optical path length adjusting layer having a different film thickness in the first pixel than a film thickness in the second pixel, and the optical path length adjusting layer is a first insulating layer and has a refractive index higher than a refractive index of the protective layer.

US Pat. No. 10,431,774

DISPLAY UNIT, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME AND ARRAY SUBSTRATE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display unit comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode opposite to the first electrode; and
a passivation layer, an auxiliary electrode and a light emitting functional layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the passivation layer, the auxiliary electrode and the light emitting functional layer being disposed from the first electrode to the second electrode in sequence,
wherein the first electrode is electrically connected to the auxiliary electrode, and
wherein one of the first electrode and the second electrode is transflective while the other one of the first electrode and the second electrode is transflective or reflective, and a first cavity is formed between the first electrode and the second electrode.