US Pat. No. 10,391,944

MODULAR RAIL AND STEP SYSTEM

LUND, INC., Buford, GA (...

1. A modular rail and step assembly for a vehicle, the assembly comprising:a side rail having a length extending between a first end and a second end and width extending away from the vehicle, the side rail having a top surface, a bottom surface, an outer surface, and an inner surface, the side rail main body configured to extend at least partially along a length of the vehicle;
a removable step spaced apart from the side rail, wherein the removable step has a length extending a majority of the length of the side rail,
wherein the removable step comprises a support bar attached to a step portion; and
at least one bracket configured to attach the side rail to the vehicle, the at least one bracket configured to insert into a channel in the side rail;
wherein the removable step is configured to be removably attached to the side rail at a plurality of positions along the length of the side rail and a plurality positions along a width of the side rail.

US Pat. No. 10,391,943

VEHICLE LAMP ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle mirror assembly, comprising:a housing on a side of a vehicle and operable between a deployed position and a folded position; and
a lamp assembly in the housing having a first light source configured to direct light rearwardly of the housing and a second light source configured to direct light forwardly of the housing, wherein the housing is configured to move from the deployed position to the folded position when an object is detected, wherein the lamp assembly illuminates a substantial area of the side of the vehicle when the housing is in the folded position, and wherein the lamp assembly illuminates a greater portion of the side of the vehicle in the folded position than in the deployed position.

US Pat. No. 10,391,941

VEHICULAR VISUAL RECOGNITION DEVICE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOKAI-RI...

1. A vehicular visual recognition device comprising:a support body supported by a vehicle body side;
a pivoting member pivotably supported by the support body;
a drive means having an output shaft supported by the pivoting member and configured so as to be capable of generating a drive force;
a limit gear directly supported in a radial direction only by the pivoting member, and indirectly engaging the output shaft, rotation of the limit gear being limited, and the drive force generated by the drive means being transmitted to the limit gear whereby the pivoting member is pivoted; and
a visual recognition means provided so as to be capable of pivoting integrally with the pivoting member, the visual recognition means assisting visual recognition of an occupant of a vehicle, and the visual recognition means being retracted or deployed by the pivoting member being pivoted.

US Pat. No. 10,391,940

CONSTRUCTION MACHINE

SUMITOMO(S.H.I.) CONSTRUC...

1. A construction machine, comprising:a lower-part traveling body that performs a traveling operation;
an upper-part turning body turnably mounted on the lower-part traveling body;
an operator's cab mounted on the upper-part turning body;
a plurality of image capturing devices mounted on the upper-part turning body; and
a display unit mounted in the operator's cab to simultaneously display an image and operating information regarding an operating condition, said image including at least one of a plurality of images captured with the plurality of image capturing devices,
wherein the display unit is configured to change switch a plurality of screens according to a predetermined order, the plurality of screens being different from each other in at least one of said displayed image and a display position of the displayed operating information, in response to an operation of a single changeover switch during simultaneous display of the image and the operating information.

US Pat. No. 10,391,939

METHOD AND APPARATUS TO DETERMINE TRAILER POSE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A system to determine trailer pose comprising:first, second and third telltales affixable to a trailer, the first and second telltales being affixed to the trailer at respective outer edges of a front surface of the trailer such that the first telltale is affixed at a first outer edge and the second telltale is affixed at a second outer edge, different from the first outer edge, the first and second outer edges defining a width of the front surface and hence a width of the trailer, and the third telltale is affixed to a side surface of the trailer at a rear portion of the trailer defining a length of the trailer between one of the first and second telltales and the third telltale;
an imaging system operable to detect the first, second and third telltales and to indicate at least one geometric relationship between the telltales and the imaging system and to provide trailer image date;
a controller coupled to the imaging system to receive the trailer image data, the controller configured to determine from the trailer image data the trailer pose,
wherein the controller is configured to determine a trailer width, w, based upon an imaged first distance of the image data from a first point on a tow vehicle to the first telltale and a second imaged distance of the image data from the first point on the tow vehicle and the second telltale, and to determine a trailer length, l, based upon the width, w, and a third imaged distance of the image data from a second point on a tow vehicle and the third telltale;
the controller is further configured to determine trailer pose as an angle of a longitudinal axis of the trailer relative to the first point on the tow vehicle using at least the width, w, and,
the controller is further configured to provide in real time the trailer pose and the trailer length, l, to a controller operably associated with the tow vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,391,938

IMAGING SYSTEM FOR LOCATING A MOVING OBJECT IN RELATION TO ANOTHER OBJECT

Ford Global Technologies,...

13. A system for positioning a vehicle, comprising:one or more visible-light video cameras configured to provide a stream of camera images of an area outside a footprint of the vehicle;
a controller configured to receive the stream from the one or more cameras, augment the stream with a vehicle receive coil positioning symbol, a transmit coil positioning symbol, and a vehicle positioning symbol based on a target in the stream and predetermined relative position data between a target and a transmit coil received wirelessly from the transmit coil to generate an augmented stream, and transmit the augmented stream to a vehicle display; and
the receive coil positioning symbol being located within the vehicle positioning symbol.

US Pat. No. 10,391,937

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING A PEDESTRIAN BY A VEHICLE DURING NIGHT DRIVING

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for detecting a pedestrian by a vehicle during night driving, comprising:a first camera being a charge coupled device (CCD) camera configured to take a first image that is a color image including color information of a vicinity of the vehicle during night driving;
a second camera being an infrared camera configured to take a second image that is a far-infrared image including thermal distribution information of the vicinity of the vehicle;
an image matcher configured to match the first image and the second image;
a pedestrian detector configured to detect a non-pedestrian area by using an area in which a color value is more than a reference value from the first image including the color information of the vicinity of the vehicle during night driving, and detect a pedestrian area in the second image excluding the detected non-pedestrian area and including the thermal distribution information of the vicinity of the vehicle by using a feature detection and learning algorithm; and
a display configured to display the first image including the pedestrian area of the second image,
wherein the image matcher calculates a real coordinate of an object from a coordinate of the first image by using inside and outside parameters of the first camera and a real distance between a virtual starting point and the object,
wherein the image matcher calculates a corresponding coordinate of the second image corresponding to the coordinate of the first image by using the real coordinate of the object, inside and outside parameters of the second camera, and the real distance, and
wherein the virtual starting point is a central point between points representing locations of the first and second cameras, in which a vertical line from the points of the first camera and the second camera and planes of the first image and the second image meet.

US Pat. No. 10,391,936

VEHICULAR LIGHTING DEVICE

KOITO MANUFACTURING CO., ...

1. A vehicular lighting device comprising:a light source;
a photosensor structured to receive light from the light source;
a preamplifier structured to amplify an output of the photosensor, so as to generate a detection signal that indicates an amount of received light; and
a lighting circuit structured to drive the light source based on at least the output of the preamplifier; wherein
the photosensor and the preamplifier are mounted on a single sub-base member that is separate from a base member on which the lighting circuit is mounted, and
the single sub-base member and the lighting circuit are coupled via a signal line via which a signal that corresponds to the output of the preamplifier is transmitted, and via a power supply line via which a power supply voltage is supplied from the lighting circuit to the single sub-base member.

US Pat. No. 10,391,935

VEHICLE APPROACH NOTIFICATION DEVICE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A vehicle approach notification device mounted on a vehicle, the vehicle approach notification device externally making a notification about approach of the vehicle, the vehicle approach notification device comprising:a sound source configured to output a signal corresponding to one sound for making the notification about the approach of the vehicle;
an amplifier configured to amplify the signal output from the sound source;
a first speaker system including a first speaker configured to output a sound based on the signal amplified by the amplifier and a second speaker configured to output a sound having an opposite phase to the sound output from the first speaker; and
a second speaker system including a third speaker configured to output a sound having a same phase as the sound output from the first speaker and a fourth speaker configured to output a sound having an opposite phase to the sound output from the third speaker,
wherein the first speaker system and the second speaker system are disposed so that the first speaker and the third speaker are located closer to a longitudinal center plane of the vehicle than the second speaker and the fourth speaker.

US Pat. No. 10,391,934

METHOD FOR GENERATING A HORN ACTUATION SIGNAL USING A LOAD CELL FOR A STEERING WHEEL AND RELATED APPARATUS

AUTOLIV DEVELOPMENT AB, ...

1. A method for generating a horn actuation signal using a load cell being placed inside a steering wheel, the load cell changing its electrical resistance when being strained or deformed by a force transmitting part of the steering wheel, such that the load cell changes the resistance when an external force is applied to the force transmitting part, the method comprising;providing a measurement of an actual voltage Va depending on the resistance of the load cell,
generating the horn actuation signal based on the measurement of the actual voltage Va,
further wherein the actual voltage Va depends in addition to the resistance of the load cell on an adjustable voltage Vad generated by an adjustable voltage generation unit,
comparing the result of the measurement of the actual voltage Va is cyclically compared to a defined value, and
cyclically adjusting the adjustable voltage Vad in response to the difference between the result of the measurement of the actual voltage Va and the defined value when no horn actuation signal is generated,
such that closed loop control for the actual voltage Va is provided.

US Pat. No. 10,391,933

ILLUMINATION APPARATUS, VEHICLE COMPONENT AND VEHICLE

1. An illumination device, comprising:at least one illuminant for emitting light; and
an optical reflection unit, comprising:
at least one reflective surface; and
at least one surface comprising at least one mask,
wherein the optical reflection unit is configured to receive the light emitted from the at least one illuminant and project at least one of an image, a symbol, a logo, a pattern, and a legend on a projection surface, and
wherein the at least one reflective surface comprises at least two reflective surfaces, each or the at least two reflective surfaces on opposite sides of the optical reflection unit.

US Pat. No. 10,391,932

ILLUMINATION UNIT

MAGNA MIRRORS HOLDING GMB...

1. An illumination unit for a vehicle component of a vehicle, the illumination unit comprising:a housing;
at least one light source that emits light through a light diffusion component and a light-deflecting film;
wherein the light-deflecting film is adapted to conform to an exterior contour of a vehicle component;
wherein the light-deflecting film has an inner side and an outer side, and wherein the inner side is closer to the light source than the outer side; and
wherein the light-deflecting film has a microstructure on the outer side of the light-deflecting film, and wherein the microstructure deflects light emitted by the light source in a direction that differs from the angle of incidence of the emitted light at the inner side of the light-deflecting film, and wherein the light-deflecting film closes the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,391,931

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING ENHANCED PASSENGER USE OF AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for managing a passenger's interaction with an autonomous vehicle, comprising:identifying the passenger prior to entering the autonomous vehicle, where the passenger is identified with a sensor onboard the autonomous vehicle;
determining an appropriate recognition indicator for an external LED lighting system to identify the autonomous vehicle for the passenger;
selecting an optimum vehicle entry point for the passenger based on the presence of any entry obstacles for the passenger, where an entry obstacles is located in proximity to the vehicle such that the entry obstacle is an impediment to the passenger entering the vehicle;
selecting an optimum vehicle exit point for the passenger based on the presence of an exit obstacle for the passenger, where the exit obstacle is located in proximity to the vehicle such that the exit obstacle is an impediment to the passenger exiting the vehicle; and
illuminating the exit obstacle with the external LED lighting system for the passenger upon exiting the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,391,930

VEHICULAR LAMP AND VEHICULAR EXTERIOR REAR VIEW DEVICE

Koito Manufacturing Co., ...

1. A vehicular lamp comprising:a light guide body including a light-transmitting member and a non light-transmitting member, the light-transmitting member and the non light-transmitting member being formed together as a two-color molded rod having a first end and an opposing second end; and
a light source configured to introduce light to the light-transmitting member,
wherein the light guide body has a curved portion,
the light-transmitting member has at least one reflective step formed on a first surface thereof, which contacts and covers a portion of the non light-transmitting member, so as to emit the light of the light source from a second surface of the light-transmitting member, which is opposite the first surface, and
the second surface is exposed outside a vehicle body on which the vehicular lamp is mounted.

US Pat. No. 10,391,929

LIGHTED PATH SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE

Ficosa North America Corp...

1. A vehicle illumination system for illuminating a path to a vehicle, comprising:a light mechanism arranged on the vehicle;
at least one antenna configured to detect a unique device of an approaching user; and
at least one controller configured to:
determine a user location based on the detected unique device,
predict the path based at least in part on the user location, and
instruct the light mechanism to illuminate an area along the path.

US Pat. No. 10,391,927

VEHICLE HEADLIGHT

ZKW Group GmbH, Wieselbu...

1. A vehicle headlight (1, 11) comprising:at least one light source (2, 12);
at least one projection optical system (4, 14);
at least one control device (5);
at least one output unit (6); and
at least one optoelectronic component (7, 17) having a controllable arrangement of several individually adjustable optoelectronic elements (8) in the form of a two-dimensional matrix, wherein an image resolution is defined by the product of the number of rows and columns of the matrix,
wherein the vehicle headlight (1, 11) is configured to emit light from the at the least one light source (2, 12) in the direction of the at least one optoelectronic component (7, 17) and to modulate the light by the at least one optoelectronic component (7, 17), and to radiate it at least partially in the direction of the at least one projection optical system (4, 14) and form a light image in front of a vehicle,
wherein the at least one control device (5) is connected to the at least one output unit (6), and the at least one output unit (6) is connected to the at least one optoelectronic component (7, 17) for actuating the optoelectronic element (8), and
wherein:
on a side of the at least one control device (5), at least one light model (20) is stored in the form of a plurality of nodes (9),
the at least one control device (5) is designed to form, from the at least one light model (20), image data (21) in the form of a two-dimensional matrix-like situational light distribution with a situational image resolution which is defined by the product of the number of rows and columns of the situational light distribution, wherein the situational image resolution is substantially higher than the plurality of nodes (9) of the light model, and the image data (21) is formed by interpolation from the nodes (9), and
the image data (21) is transmitted from the at least one control device (5) to the at least one optoelectronic component (7, 17) by the at least one output unit (6).

US Pat. No. 10,391,926

LANE ADAPTIVE LAMP CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD

HYUNDAI MOBIS CO., LTD., ...

1. A lane adaptive lamp control apparatus for a vehicle, the apparatus comprising:a lane sensor configured to sense lane information of a road on which the vehicle is traveling, the road comprising a first lane, a second lane and a third lane, the first lane being immediately next to a center dividing line of the road, the second lane being immediately next to the first lane to the right, the third lane being immediately next to the second lane to the right;
a lane determiner configured to determine which lane of the road the vehicle is traveling among the first lane, the second lane and the third lane of the road using the lane information sensed through the lane sensor; and
a lamp controller configured to control a headlamp of the vehicle based upon which lane of the road the vehicle is traveling such that:
when determined that the vehicle is traveling on the first lane, the headlamp turns off a first turning-off zone of a light beam from the headlamp,
when determined that the vehicle is traveling on the second lane, the headlamp turns off a second turning-off zone of the light beam from the headlamp, and
when determined that the vehicle is traveling on the third lane, the headlamp turns off a third turning-off zone of the light beam from the headlamp,
wherein the first, second and third turning-off zones of the light beam are located at an upper left corner of the light beam, wherein the first turning-off zone is greater than and encompasses the second turning-off zone, wherein the second turning-off zone is greater than and encompasses the third turning-off zone.

US Pat. No. 10,391,925

VEHICLE HEADLIGHT WITH A PLURALITY OF INNER NON SPHERICAL LENSES TRANSMITTING LIGHT FROM A HIGH BEAM AND A LOW BEAM LIGHT SOURCE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A headlight structure of a saddled vehicle, comprising a headlight, wherein the headlight is mounted on the saddled vehicle in use, the headlight including a housing, a low-beam light source and a high-beam light source each formed of a light emitting diode that is housed in the housing and radiates light, a control board that has a circuit and that controls lighting from the low-beam light source and the high-beam light source, and a non-spherical inner lens, for the low-beam light source, that is provided in the housing and allows a light beam emitted from the low-beam light source to be transmitted through the non-spherical inner lens for the low-beam light source, a non-spherical inner lens, for the high-beam light source, that is provided in the housing and allows light beam emitted from the high-beam light source to be transmitted through the non-spherical inner lens for the high-beam light source, whereinthe control board is separately provided from the low-beam light source and the high-beam light source,
at least part of the control board is disposed at a rear side of the non-spherical inner lens for the low-beam light source, which is configured to be constantly lit during travelling of the saddled vehicle, and wherein the non-spherical inner lens for the low-beam light source and at least part of the control board overlap with each other in a front-rear direction.

US Pat. No. 10,391,924

LIGHTING DEVICE CONTROL SYSTEM

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A lighting device control system comprising:an instruction signal generation unit that generates an instruction signal used for controlling a state of a lighting device mounted to a vehicle; and
a control unit that controls the state of the lighting device according to the instruction signal, wherein
the instruction signal generation unit generates a plurality of instruction signals, and
the control unit controls the state of the lighting device so as to be brought into a predetermined turn-on or turn-off state according to an on or off state of the plurality of the instruction signals,
wherein
when the lighting device is off, the control unit controls the state of the lighting device according to a reference instruction signal included in the plurality of instruction signals, and
when the lighting device is on, the control unit keeps the lighting device turned on, on the condition that at least one of the plurality of instruction signals provides a turn-on instruction.

US Pat. No. 10,391,923

AUTOMOTIVE EXTERIOR LAMP ASSEMBLY WITH CHARGE PORT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a battery charger;
an exterior lamp assembly including an illumination source, and an electrical port electrically connected with the battery charger and configured to be electrically connected with an electrical power grid remote from the vehicle; and
at least one controller configured to, responsive to the battery charger being operational, activate the illumination source.

US Pat. No. 10,391,922

DRONE-ENHANCED VEHICLE EXTERNAL LIGHTS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A drone device, comprising:a memory that stores computer executable components; and
a processor that executes the computer executable components stored in the memory, wherein the computer executable components comprise:
a monitoring component that monitors one or more conditions associated with a vehicle; and
a response component that, in response to identification of a defined condition of the one or more conditions:
moves the drone device to a defined position relative to the vehicle and determined based on the defined condition, wherein the defined condition comprises an activation of an anti-lock braking system of the vehicle, the defined position is relative to an external brake indicator signal; and
initiates the drone device to perform an indication operation determined based on the defined condition, wherein the indication operation comprises a visual indication, via a display device of the drone device, of the activation of an anti-lock braking system of the vehicle in operation.

US Pat. No. 10,391,921

CARGO RESTRAINT SYSTEM

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a housing configured for attachment to a frame of a vehicle;
a coupler reciprocally actuatable between a retracted position and an extended position and comprising:
a pin having a longitudinal axis, the pin being sized and oriented to enter an aperture in a sidewall of a corner fitting of an intermodal cargo container when the coupler is moved into the extended position; and
a bottom support in a fixed, spaced apart relationship relative to the pin, thereby defining a vertical gap sized to receive a bottom surface of the corner fitting when the coupler is moved into the extended position; and
an actuator coupled to the housing and operable to move the pin and the bottom support of the coupler from the retracted position to the extended position and from the extended position to the retracted position along the longitudinal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,391,920

DEVICE FOR ATTACHING AN OBJECT AND A METHOD OF ATTACHING AN OBJECT USING THE DEVICE

1. A method for securing a load to a supporting structure the method comprising the steps of:providing a device including a strap crossing and permanently fixed onto itself defining an intersection so as to form a first loop and a pair of diverging laterally spaced free ends; a contiguous rod attachment member having a monolithic body, the monolithic body having a pair of support arms disposed on opposite ends of the body, each of the pair of free ends of the strap are attached to a corresponding support arm wherein the pair of free ends are laterally spaced apart from each other defining a second loop and a generally figure eight dimension; wrapping the strap around a load; passing the attachment member through the first loop; cinching the strap onto the load by pulling on the attachment member; and securing the attachment member to a supporting structure.

US Pat. No. 10,391,919

E-TRACK TIE DOWN SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE CARGO BED

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An E-track system comprising:a longitudinally extending track defining an array of slots configured to receive accessory attachments;
a keyed protuberance extending from the track and configured to engage a keyway defined by a docking plate to secure the E-track system to the docking plate; and
a clamp extending from the track and configured to engage an overhang of a truck bed side panel to secure the E-track system to the side panel.

US Pat. No. 10,391,918

LOAD BEARING RAIL AND TIE-DOWN RING ASSEMBLY

Sunrez, Corp., El Cajon,...

1. A cargo restraint system comprising:(a) at least one load bearing rail wherein the at least one load bearing rail is further comprised of a recessed area positioned in a parallel manner relative to a top surface of the load bearing rail such that a lip is formed at the intersection of the top surface of the load bearing rail and the recessed area below;
(b) at least one recessed load bearing feature positioned within the lip of the top surface of the load bearing rail; and
(c) at least one restraint device to accommodate the fastening of cargo, wherein the cargo is fastened to the top surface of the load bearing rail through a locking interaction between the at least one restraint device and the at least one recessed load bearing feature,wherein the at least one load bearing rail of the cargo restraint system may be arranged in a geometric pattern that is complementary to the cargo to be fastened, wherein the geometric pattern created from the at least one load bearing rail is one selected from the group consisting of one approximating a triangle, one approximating a square and one approximating a polygon having five or more sides.

US Pat. No. 10,391,917

PORTABLE TRANSITION DOCK FOR PALLETIZED PRODUCT

Azzopardi Technology Grou...

1. A transition dock, comprising:a platform configured for receiving palletized product at a loading position, and the platform further configured to support a rolling pallet conveyor that transports the palletized product along the platform from the loading position to a transport position where the product may be transferred to a transport vehicle for transporting the palletized product; and
a turntable positioned between the loading position and transport position, the turntable mounted to pivot within the platform, the turntable configured to receive the rolling pallet conveyor and configured to rotate the rolling pallet conveyor 180° as the pallet conveyor delivers the palletized product from the loading position to the transport position;
wherein the transition dock is DOT and FMVSS legal for travel over a highway.

US Pat. No. 10,391,915

BREAKOVER RELEASE PIN

Textron Innovations, Inc....

1. A system for use with a chair, the chair having a footrest, the system comprising:a chair frame supporting a release pin assembly;
a footrest supported on a front portion of the chair frame, the footrest being supported by at least one pivotal member;
the pivotal member having a plurality of angularly spaced apart apertures made there through, each of said apertures adapted to receive a release pin, each of said apertures further serving to, when the pin is disposed therein, to position the footrest in a first respective angular position, the release pin being adapted to be retractable to enable removal from one of said apertures to allow for rotation of the pivotal member from the first position to snap the release pin into another of said apertures and thus putting the footrest into a second angular position;
the release pin being included in a housing, the housing being subject to a break-over pivot;
a first resistance system providing resistance against rotation of the pin, and configured to allow the pin to break out of an aperture in the plurality into which the pin is secured when a predetermined load maximum has been reached to prevent overloading of the pivotal member.

US Pat. No. 10,391,914

VEHICLE SEAT LATCH

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly latch comprising:an elongated member fixedly attached to a rear portion of a seatback; and
a bracket disposed on a rear wall of a passenger compartment and including a striker therein, wherein the elongated member includes an integrally defined hook portion that retains the elongated member on the striker in an engaged condition, wherein the elongated member includes a pair of base portions and an intermediate portion disposed between the pair of base portions, the intermediate portion including the integrally defined hook portion, and wherein the intermediate portion includes a first portion extending vehicle downward, a second portion extending upwardly from the first portion, a third portion extending downwardly of the second portion, a fourth portion extending vehicle forward, an upwardly extending fifth portion that terminates at a sixth vehicle forward extending portion, a seventh portion extending vehicle rearward, and an eighth portion extending vehicle rearward.

US Pat. No. 10,391,913

METHOD FOR DYNAMIC ADAPTATION OF LATERAL SUPPORT TO VEHICLE STATES IN MOTOR VEHICLE SEATS WITH A SEAT SURFACE AND WITH A BACKREST AND CORRESPONDING SEAT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for adjusting a motor vehicle seat, comprising:using a controller to:
receive pressure signals from pressure sensors disposed in a grid network on outside surfaces of edge bladders of the seat;
starting when an ignition of the vehicle is turned off, the door is opened, or no change in acceleration occurs that indicate a movement of the vehicle, monitor for at least one of the pressure signals indicating an increase in the bladder pressure on a door side of the seat; and
raise or lower a fluid pressure within the edge bladders using the pressure signals, including lowering of the bladder pressure on the door side on recognizing an entry or exit situation only if a load-related pressure rise in bladders on the door side has occurred.

US Pat. No. 10,391,912

LAY IN PLACE CAPILLARY CONTROL SYSTEM FOR AIR SUSPENDED SEATING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A bladder unit, comprising:upper and lower sheets defining opposed portions of a first bladder having an interior;
a tube extending through the interior of the first bladder and defining an outlet in communication between the tube and the interior; and
a first extruded element having:
upper and lower faces respectively coupled with the upper sheet and the lower sheet at a portion of a first boundary of the first bladder; and
a first capillary extending through the first extruded element and across the portion of the first boundary, the tube being in fluid communication with the capillary.

US Pat. No. 10,391,911

COMPOSITE SEAT CORE MATERIAL AND VEHICULAR SEAT ELEMENT USING THE COMPOSITE SEAT CORE MATERIAL

JSP CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A composite seat core material, comprising:a foamed molded substrate that comprises a multiplicity of first thermoplastic resin expanded beads which are fusion-bonded to each other and free of through-holes, and
a foamed molded connecting member that comprises a multiplicity of second thermoplastic resin expanded beads each having a through-hole, said second thermoplastic resin expanded beads being fusion-bonded to each other such that interconnected void spaces which communicate with an outer surface of the foamed molded connecting member and which include part of the through-holes of the second thermoplastic resin expanded beads, are defined in the foamed molded connecting member,
the foamed molded connecting member being integrally bonded to the foamed molded substrate in such a state that a part of said outer surface of the foamed molded connecting member is exposed on an upper surface of the composite seat core material.

US Pat. No. 10,391,910

MODULAR ASSEMBLY CROSS-TUBE ATTACHMENT TAB DESIGNS AND FUNCTIONS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly comprising:a seat comprising:
a front assembly bracket coupled to an underside of the seat and comprising:
a rearward retention member defining a receiving aperture to receive a front cross-tube;
a polymeric overmold disposed over the rearward retention member; and
a forward retention member operable between open and closed positions and disposed proximate the rearward retention member; and
a rear assembly bracket comprising:
a tab end operably coupled with the seat;
a rounded body configured to engage a rear cross-tube; and
a fastener end configured to secure the rear assembly bracket against the cross-tube.

US Pat. No. 10,391,909

MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A HEATABLE HEAD RESTRAINT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle head restraint for a vehicle seat having a seat cushion and a backrest on which the head restraint is arranged, the head restraint comprising:a cushion body having a passage opening formed therein, the passage opening passing from a rear side of the cushion body to a front side of the cushion body;
a cover for the cushion body;
at least one fan arranged in a cavity formed in the passage opening, the cavity being at a distance from the rear side and at a distance from the front side of the cushion body;
a rear, air-permeable, electrically operated heating mat provided on the rear side of the cushion body, the rear heating mat being configured to heat suctioned air; and
a front, air-permeable, electrically operated heating mat provided on the front side of the cushion body, wherein suctioned air preheated via the rear heating mat is additionally heated via the front heating mat.

US Pat. No. 10,391,908

HEADREST

GRAMMER AG, Amberg (DE)

1. A headrest comprising:a head box;
a support rod securing the head box to a vehicle seat and rod having one end;
a bearing receiving the one end and carried on the head box or the vehicle seat;
a latch releasably securing the support rod to the bearing and movable between a latching position and a release position and comprised of at least one notch extending angularly on an outer surface of the support rod and a latch element carried by the bearing and movably mounted so that in the latching position, in the event of a relative rotation between the support rod and the bearing, the latch element is movable out of a starting position into at least one crash position; and
a pivot or guide constraining movement of the latch element to a circular path.

US Pat. No. 10,391,907

HEADREST SUPPORT DEVICE

TS TECH CO., LTD., Saita...

1. A headrest support device comprising:a support member coupled to a frame of a seatback; and
a headrest pillar structure including a pillar base portion extending laterally and supported by the support member so as to be rotatable around an axial line of the pillar base portion, and a pair of pillar main body portions extending substantially vertically from the pillar base portion substantially in parallel to each other in a mutually spaced apart relationship and connected to a headrest;
wherein the support member is coupled to the frame at at least one coupling portion disposed between the two pillar main body portions in front view in a headrest upright condition where the headrest is positioned above the seatback;wherein the coupling portion includes a first coupling portion disposed between the two pillar main body portions and above the pillar base portion in front view in the headrest upright condition, and a second coupling portion positioned below the pillar base portion;wherein the frame includes a pair of side frames located on either side, a first upper frame connected between upper ends of the side frames, and a second upper frame connected between parts of the side frames located below the first upper frame; and
wherein the support member is connected to the second upper frame at the second coupling portion.

US Pat. No. 10,391,906

SLIDING MECHANISM FOR A VEHICLE FLOOR CONSOLE AND A FLOOR CONSOLE SLIDING ARMREST ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A sliding mechanism for a vehicle floor console, comprising:a base portion including a panel and a sliding groove positioned at an end of the base-panel and comprising an opening;
a guide portion comprising a guide rail positioned and slidable in the sliding groove; and
an armrest secured to one of the base portion and guide portion, wherein the sliding groove includes first and second surfaces connected to each other and configured to at least partially enclose a first sliding portion of the guide rail, wherein the first and second surfaces are positioned along a first direction, wherein the first surface has a first angle relative the first direction and the second surface has a second angle relative to the first direction, and wherein the first direction is the width direction of the base portion, and at least one of the first angle and the second angle is less than ninety degrees (90°).

US Pat. No. 10,391,904

INERTIA LATCH FOR A VEHICLE ARMREST USING A SPRING LOADED CAM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly comprising:an armrest having a retention pin and operable about a first pivot;
an inertial lock operable about a second pivot to define an idle position defined by the inertial lock biased distal from the retention pin, and a deployed position defined by an opposing directional force biasing the inertial lock into selective engagement with the retention pin and holding the armrest in a predetermined rotational position;
a cover plate that defines a rotation space within which the inertial lock rotates between the idle and deployed positions, wherein the cover plate at least partially conceals the inertial lock in each of the idle and deployed positions;
a bushing that separates the inertial lock from an armrest bracket; and
a pivot pin that defines the second pivot and extends through the inertial lock, the cover plate and the bushing.

US Pat. No. 10,391,903

SEAT FRAME FOR VEHICLE SEAT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

TOYOTA BOSHOKU KABUSHIKI ...

1. A seat frame for a vehicle seat, the seat frame extending in a specific direction and having a closed cross sectional shape, the seat frame comprising:a bent portion having a shape in which a part of a cross section shape of the seat frame is bent inward and outward of the closed cross section; and
a shape-changing structure in which a bending shape of the bent portion changes in the specific direction.

US Pat. No. 10,391,902

VEHICLE SEAT

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle seat, comprising:a seatback including a seatback frame and a backrest attached to the seatback frame for supporting a back of an occupant sitting on the vehicle seat,
wherein the backrest includes
a first supporting area configured to receive a load of a shoulder of the occupant including a shoulder blade, and
a second supporting area configured to receive a load of a spine area of the occupant between the shoulders,
wherein vertical support stiffness in the first supporting area for a load perpendicular to the backrest is lower than that in the second supporting area, and
wherein shear support stiffness in the second supporting area for a load in a shearing direction is higher than that in the first supporting area.

US Pat. No. 10,391,901

PASSIVE SEAT VENTILATION SYSTEM

DENSO International Ameri...

1. A seat comprising:an exterior seat surface movable inward and outward relative to an interior of the seat; and
a flexible material overlaying the exterior seat surface, the flexible material is lockable to restrict movement of the flexible material towards the exterior seat surface;
wherein movement of the exterior seat surface into the seat defines a gap between the exterior seat surface and the flexible material to permit air to circulate between the exterior seat surface and the flexible material to cool an occupant of the seat;
wherein the flexible material is anchored at opposite ends to a first rail and a second rail within the seat; and
wherein the flexible material extends through a first slit defined by the exterior seat surface proximate to the first rail, and a second slit defined by the exterior seat surface proximate to the second rail.

US Pat. No. 10,391,900

VENTILATED VEHICLE SEAT

Faurecia Automotive Seati...

1. An occupant support comprisinga cushion having an outer surface arranged to face an occupant of the occupant support, an inner surface spaced apart from the outer surface, and an intermediate surface located between the outer surface and the inner surface and the cushion formed to define a cooling passage that extends between the outer surface and the intermediate surface,
an air-permeable cushion cover arranged around the outer surface of the cushion, and
a ventilation unit located between the intermediate surface and the inner surface of the cushion, the ventilation unit including a flexible support panel and a piezoelectric fan coupled to the support panel, the piezoelectric fan aligned with the cooling passage and including a deformable membrane and a piezoelectric motor configured to undulate the deformable membrane in response to receiving electric energy so that the ventilation unit provides a flow of air through the cooling passage and air-permeable cushion cover to provide convective cooling to the occupant of the occupant support.

US Pat. No. 10,391,899

MOTION SICKNESS MITIGATION

Faurecia Automotive Seati...

1. An occupant support for use in a vehicle, the occupant support comprisinga seat adapted to support an occupant above a floor of the vehicle, the seat including a seat bottom, a seat back that extends upwardly away from the seat bottom, and a seat base coupled to the seat bottom for movement with the seat bottom,
a seat mount adapted to couple to the floor of the vehicle for movement with the vehicle, and
a motion-sickness mitigation system configured to allow the seat to move relative to the seat mount in response to an acceleration of the seat mount, the motion-sickness mitigation system including a plurality of motion controllers coupled to the seat and the seat mount, and each motion controller includes a lower curvilinear guide rail coupled to the seat mount, a upper curvilinear guide rail coupled to the seat base, and a slide unit,
wherein the slide unit is coupled to the lower curvilinear guide rail and the upper curvilinear guide rail to allow relative movement between the lower curvilinear guide rail and the upper curvilinear guide rail in response to the acceleration of the seat mount to allow the seat to move relative to the seat mount and minimize a magnitude of an acceleration experienced by the occupant so that motion sickness of the occupant is minimized.

US Pat. No. 10,391,898

TORSO EQUIPMENT SUPPORT SYSTEM (TESS)

1. A torso equipment support system, for use with a seat bucket of an aviation or a ground vehicle, comprising:a base that mounts to the seat bucket at a first lower location;
a flexible column coupled to the base and biased toward a vertically upright orientation;
a support beam coupled to and vertically disposed above the flexible column; and
a shoulder harness assembly coupled to the support beam and configured for releasable attachment with shoulder belts worn by the occupant, the shoulder harness assembly comprising:
an adjustable yoke slideably coupled to the support beam at a first vertically oriented portion permitting vertical height adjustment and having a second portion that is split into two horizontally projecting members for extension over a shoulder of an occupant; and
a set of restraint shoulder straps that project inwardly for extension over the shoulder of the occupant from at least one retractor located at a second upper location on the seat bucket, and that extends to a fixed engagement with the two horizontally projecting members.

US Pat. No. 10,391,896

BUS SEAT

Hickory Springs Manufactu...

11. An apparatus for a vehicle seat comprising:a base frame comprising an aisle side and a wall side, at least one stand coupled to the aisle side of the base frame;
a backrest frame operatively coupled to the base frame comprising a backrest cushion on a front facing side of the backrest frame, the backrest cushion comprising a plurality of passages proximal a headrest portion of the backrest cushion, the plurality of passages extending from a front surface of the backrest cushion to the backrest frame;
a seat frame operatively coupled to the base frame comprising a seat cushion and a sleeve coupled to the bottom of the seat frame;
a booster seat sized to be stored in the sleeve and movable from the sleeve to a position on the seat cushion;
a plurality of retractors operatively coupled to the base frame;
at least one storable child restraint harness, each of the at least one storable child restraint harness comprising:
a plurality of straps, each of the plurality of straps having a first end coupled to a corresponding one of the plurality of retractors and a second end terminating in a fastener wherein each of the straps are storable in a space between the backrest cushion and the seat cushion and vertically extendable from the space along the backrest cushion such that the fastener passes through one of the plurality of passages proximal the headrest portion of the backrest cushion to be releasably coupled to the backrest frame; and
a buckle to releasably couple corresponding pairs of the plurality of straps to form a 5-point harness.

US Pat. No. 10,391,895

RECLINER OF VEHICLE SEAT

DAS CO., LTD., (KR)

1. A recliner for a vehicle seat, the recliner comprising:a plate holder comprising a plurality of guide blocks that are radially arranged with a gap therebetween and protrude in an axial direction, a first catch protrusion being formed on at least one of the guide blocks;
a sector gear configured to be rotated relative to the plate holder and comprising an internal gear on an inner surface thereof;
a plurality of pawl teeth each configured to be moved between a pair of the guide blocks, the pawl teeth comprising external gears on outer surfaces thereof for engagement with the external gear, and catch hooks on portions of inner surfaces thereof;
an operation cam comprising a shaft hole in a center portion thereof, a plurality of pull hooks configured to be connected to the catch hooks so as to pull or push the pawl teeth, and a second catch protrusion protruding therefrom; and
a return spring having a spiral shape, the return spring comprising a center inner end portion hooked and supported on the second catch protrusion and an outer end portion hooked and supported on the first catch protrusion,
wherein a projection protrudes axially from the operation cam and comprises a support protrusion that protrudes radially from a remainder of the projection to support the return spring while making point contact with a center inner surface of the return spring.

US Pat. No. 10,391,894

VEHICLE SEAT RECLINING DEVICE

AISIN SEIKI KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. A vehicle seat reclining device comprising:a first bracket;
a second bracket that rotates relative to the first bracket in positive and negative directions;
a cam that rotates or moves relative to the first bracket; and
a plurality of pawls moved in a radial direction of the first bracket and engaged with the second bracket by rotation or movement of the cam, wherein
each of the pawls is biased toward a radially outer side and moved in the radial direction in cooperation with the rotation or the movement of the cam,
a first pawl and a second pawl of the plurality of pawls each include a limitation portion that limits movement in the radial direction,
the second bracket includes
an outer circumferential wall including inner teeth that mesh with outer teeth of the pawls, and
a first pawl restriction portion and a second pawl restriction portion arranged respectively in correspondence with the first pawl and the second pawl to engage the corresponding limitation portions and restrict movement of the first pawl and the second pawl in the radial direction,
the second pawl restriction portion is located toward the positive direction and a radially inner side from the first pawl restriction portion,
negative direction ends of the first pawl restriction portion and the second pawl restriction portion are arranged to contact positive direction corners of the limitation portions of the first pawl and the second pawl when a rotation angle of the second bracket relative to the first bracket is a specified angle,
the first pawl restriction portion allows movement of the second pawl toward the radially outer side,
the first pawl restriction portion extends in the positive direction to the negative direction end of the second pawl restriction portion, and
the first pawl restriction portion restricts movement of the first pawl toward the radially outer side when the second bracket is located toward the negative direction from the specified angle and allows movement of the second pawl toward the radially outer side when the second bracket is located toward the positive direction from the specified angle.

US Pat. No. 10,391,893

VEHICLE SLIDE RAIL DEVICE

TOYOTA BOSHOKU KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle slide rail device comprising:a slide rail which is capable of adjusting a seat position when a lock mechanism is released;
a memory mechanism which includes a memory member configured to define a default position of the memory mechanism operably connected to the slide rail, which is the seat position before change, by mechanical engagement to allow the seat position to return to the default position;
a release operation mechanism, operably connected to the slide rail, which is configured to release the lock mechanism from a locked state and slide together with the memory member in a sliding direction by removing the memory member from a state of defining the default position; and
a memory operation mechanism which is configured to release the lock mechanism from the locked state while leaving the memory member in the state of defining the default position,
wherein, before operation of the release operation mechanism, the release operation mechanism is inserted into a concave portion formed in the memory member, the concave portion being a recess in a direction substantially perpendicular to the sliding direction, and the release operation mechanism is in an engagement state of being engaged integrally with the memory member in the sliding direction,
wherein, when the release operation mechanism is operated, the release operation mechanism pushes the concave portion within the slide rail device in a direction substantially perpendicular to the sliding direction and removes the memory member from the state of defining the default position and
wherein, when the memory operation mechanism is operated, the memory operation mechanism removes the release operation mechanism from an inside of the concave portion and releases the release operation mechanism from the engagement state with the memory member.

US Pat. No. 10,391,892

SEAT FOR VEHICLE

TACHI-S CO., LTD., Tokyo...

1. A seat for a vehicle, the seat comprising:a seat cushion;
a seat back; and
a reclining device configured to allow the seat back to be tilted to the seat cushion, wherein
the seat back includes
a back frame having an opening, and
a pipe frame comprising a pipe member,
the pipe frame includes a lower part having a distal end part,
the lower part of the pipe frame extends through the opening such that the distal end part is located inside a space defined by the back frame and the reclining device,
the lower part of the pipe frame is fixed to the back frame at the opening, and
rotation center of the reclining device is set so as to be aligned with axial center of the lower part of the pipe frame.

US Pat. No. 10,391,891

SEAT SLIDE DEVICE

Toyota Body Seiko Co., LT...

1. A seat slide device provided in a vehicle, the seat slide device comprising:a lower rail fixed to a floor of the vehicle;
an upper rail fixed to a seat of the vehicle and supported to be movable with respect to the lower rail, the upper rail being provided with a sliding member brought into contact with a slid surface of the lower rail from above, sliding resistance borne by the sliding member when the upper rail is moved is changed in accordance with a load in a vertical direction borne by the seat;
a lock member configured to perform an operation for switching between a lock state in which movement of the upper rail is restricted and an unlock state in which the movement of the upper rail is allowed;
a movable member held by the upper rail and which enters a state in contact with a contacted surface which is a part of the lower rail in the lock state and enters a state separated away from the contacted surface in the unlock state; and
an interlock configured to move the movable member along the moving direction of the upper rail in conjunction with the movement of the lock member, the movable member to be guided along an inclined surface formed on the upper rail when the interlocking mechanism moves the movable member, whereby a distance between the movable member and the contacted surface is changed;
wherein the upper rail has a configuration in which a plate-shaped plate member is fixed to a body section which is a portion on which the lock member is provided;
the plate member has:
a horizontal section which is a portion in contact with a bottom surface of the body section and is in parallel with the bottom surface; and
a perpendicular section extending from the horizontal section to an upper side;
the inclined surface is formed at a distal end of the perpendicular section.

US Pat. No. 10,391,890

VEHICLE SEAT CONTROL SYSTEM, VEHICLE SEAT CONTROL METHOD, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A vehicle seat control system that is mounted on a vehicle, the vehicle seat control system comprising:a first backrest portion rotatably connected to a seating portion by a first connection unit;
a second backrest portion rotatably connected to the first backrest portion by a second connection unit;
a folding adjustment unit that adjusts an angle of the second connection unit;
a seat surface adjustment unit that adjusts a height of the seating portion;
a first angle detection unit that detects a first angle that is formed between the first backrest portion and a floor surface;
a second angle detection unit that detects a second angle that is formed between the second backrest portion and the first backrest portion; and
a control unit that controls the folding adjustment unit on the basis of the first angle detected by the first angle detection unit at a time of automatic driving of the vehicle to adjust the second angle, and controls the seat surface adjustment unit to maintain a height of a reference position in the second backrest portion to be equal to or greater than a reference height in a case that the height of the reference position in the second backrest portion is smaller than the reference height.

US Pat. No. 10,391,889

SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING REAR SEAT ACCORDING TO SEATING MODE AND METHOD THEREFOR

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A system for controlling a rear seat of a vehicle, the system comprising:a central control unit of the vehicle;
a passenger recognition unit actuated by the central control unit to sense whether a passenger is present on a front seat of the vehicle;
a seating mode setting unit inputting a selection signal of a seating mode of the rear seat; and
a seat control unit including a front seat control unit and a rear seat control unit sequentially driving respective electrically-powered portions of the front seat and the rear seat installed in the vehicle according to input of a passenger sensing signal of the passenger recognition unit and the selection signal of the seating mode of the seating mode setting unit,
wherein the seating mode is selectable between a relax mode, a monitor mode, and a reading mode, in which the seating mode setting unit includes a relax mode switch for selecting the relax mode, a monitor mode switch for selecting the monitor mode, and a reading mode switch for selecting the reading mode,
wherein in the relax mode, the seat control unit is configured to sequentially drive the respective electrically-powered portions of the rear seat to a position to ensure ride quality to the passenger who is seated on the rear seat,
wherein in the monitor mode, the seat control unit is configured to sequentially drive the respective electrically-powered portions of the rear seat so as to allow the passenger to view a monitor apparatus attached to a rear surface of the front seat, and
wherein in the reading mode, the seat control unit is configured to sequentially drive the respective electrically-powered portions of the rear seat so as to allow the passenger to perform reading by using a lighting lamp attached to a rear seat region.

US Pat. No. 10,391,887

ADJUSTMENT SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE SEAT

Faurecia Automotive Seati...

1. An occupant-support system comprisinga vehicle seat including a seat bottom adapted to move relative to a floor of a vehicle and a seat back coupled to the seat bottom to move relative to the seat bottom and
a seat-motion system including a seat-movement unit coupled to the vehicle seat to move the seat bottom and the seat back, a monitoring unit configured to provide sensor information in response to sensing occupant input, and a controller configured to receive sensor information from the monitoring unit and cause the seat-movement unit to move the vehicle seat based on the sensor information received,
wherein the monitoring unit includes a first seat-back sensor unit including a first sensor coupled to the seat back and arranged to face toward an occupant resting on the vehicle seat and a second sensor coupled to the seat back and arranged to face away from the occupant and the first and second sensors being arranged to lie in spaced-apart relation to one another to locate a portion of the vehicle seat therebetween;
wherein the controller is configured to determine a first amount of force sensed by the first sensor of the first seat-back sensor unit and a second amount of force sensed by the second sensor of the first seat-back sensor unit; and
wherein the controller is configured to command the seat-movement unit to cause the seat back to pivot toward the seat bottom when the first amount of force is greater than the second amount of force and pivot away from the seat bottom when the second amount of force is greater than the first amount of force.

US Pat. No. 10,391,886

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM FOR SAFETY-RELEVANT SYSTEMS IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

Lisa Draexlmaier GmbH, V...

1. A power supply system for safety-relevant systems in a motor vehicle comprising:a first supply path having a first connection point coupled to a first voltage source, at least one first supply point operable to be coupled to a safety-relevant load, and a first fuse between the first connection point and the first supply point; and
a second supply path electrically coupled to the first supply path, the second supply path having a second connection point coupled to a second voltage source, at least one second supply point operable to be coupled to the safety-relevant load, and an electronic second fuse between the second connection point and the second supply point,
wherein at least one of the first fuse and the second fuse is a disconnecting element operable to isolate a fault and arranged between the first supply point and the second supply path and between the second supply point and the first supply path.

US Pat. No. 10,391,885

METHOD FOR DETERMINING PERFORMANCE INFORMATION OF A BATTERY OF A MOTOR VEHICLE ON-BOARD POWER SYSTEM THAT IS CONNECTED TO A DIRECT CURRENT CONVERTER, AND MOTOR VEHICLE

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for determining a performance information of a battery of a first on-board power network of a motor vehicle, wherein the first on-board power network is connected to a DC converter, the method comprising:impressing, by the DC converter, at least one AC current with at least one predetermined frequency into the first on-board power network;
deriving the performance information, including capacity information, from at least one first electrical parameter at an output of the DC converter to the first on-board power network and from at least one second electrical parameter describing a reaction of the battery to the impressed at least one AC current;
determining a plurality of component values of an equivalent circuit of the battery using the at least one first electrical parameter and the at least one second electrical parameter,
wherein the determining the plurality of component values comprises:
using the at least one AC current, having a plurality of different predetermined frequencies that overlap one another, wherein the number of the plurality of different predetermined frequencies used is at least equal to the number of the plurality of component values to be determined; or
using a plurality of AC currents, each impressed in a temporal sequence; and
deriving the capacity information from the plurality of component values.

US Pat. No. 10,391,884

DRIVE POWER CONTROL DEVICE FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE

CALSONIC KANSEI CORPORATI...

1. A drive power control device for an electric vehicle (vehicle V) equipped with a motor (31) as a drive source, the device comprising:a target motor torque calculation unit (101) configured to calculate a target motor torque for the electric vehicle based on an accelerator operation by a driver;
a target acceleration calculation unit (102) configured to calculate a target acceleration by dividing the target motor torque by an inertia of a drive system mounted on the electric vehicle;
a motor rotation speed detection unit (250) configured to detect an actual motor rotation speed;
an actual acceleration calculation unit (105) configured to calculate an actual acceleration by differentiating the motor rotation speed detected by the motor rotation speed detection unit;
a correction amount calculation unit (120) configured to calculate a correction amount for a motor torque command value so that a deviation between the target acceleration calculated by the target acceleration calculation unit and the actual acceleration calculated by the actual acceleration calculation unit is reduced;
a modeling error reduction unit (104) configured to calculate a correction torque by performing high-pass filter processing on the correction amount calculated by the correction amount calculation unit;
a control motor torque command value calculation unit (106) configured to calculate a control motor torque command value by adding the correction torque to the motor torque command value; and
a slip reduction control unit (202) configured to perform, when the vehicle starts traveling or slip is detected, control to reduce slip by switching a cutoff frequency of a high-pass filter (HPF) to be low as compared with normal traveling.

US Pat. No. 10,391,883

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REMOTELY CONTROLLING FUEL CELL ELECTRIC VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for remote, start control of a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle, the method comprising steps of:receiving, by a telematics terminal, a remote start command via a wireless communication network;
transmitting, by the telematics terminal, a start signal corresponding to the remote start command through an in-vehicle network;
transmitting, by a vehicle controller, a start mode in response to the start signal;
determining, by the telematics terminal, a response waiting time corresponding to the start mode;
receiving, by the telematics terminal, an operation result of the start signal through the in-vehicle network during the response waiting time; and
transmitting, by the telematics terminal, the operation result over the wireless communication network,
wherein the start mode includes a normal start mode and a cold start mode,
wherein a response waiting time in the cold start mode is longer than a response waiting time in the normal start mode.

US Pat. No. 10,391,882

CELL-CONTACTING SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR-VEHICLE BATTERY MODULE AND A MOTOR-VEHICLE BATTERY MODULE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A cell contact-making system of a motor vehicle battery module, comprising:a substantially plate-shaped support structure;
a plurality of separate contact elements each of which is disposed partially on and is fastened to the support structure on a first side, wherein each of the plurality of separate contact elements comprises a freely projecting side opposite the first side that protrudes beyond an edge of the support structure, each of which is used to contact two adjacent battery cells of the motor vehicle battery module, wherein
the contact elements are arranged next to one another in a first row, each contact element being fixed at one side to the support structure,
the support structure has a plurality of supporting sections which protrude laterally in relation to the battery cells to form an edge of the support structure, and
each of the contact elements are fastened to a corresponding one of the supporting sections.

US Pat. No. 10,391,881

VEHICLE HIGH VOLTAGE BATTERY APPARATUS WITH COOLING UNIT

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A vehicle high voltage battery apparatus to be mounted in a lower portion of a vehicle, the battery apparatus comprising:a plurality of battery modules; and
a cooling unit having a plurality of cavities in which the battery modules are inserted and fixed, and having a hollow portion through which cooling water flows,
wherein the cooling unit is configured to cool the battery modules using the cooling water,
wherein the cooling unit includes:
a cooling plate through which the cooling water flows and having a plurality of fixing grooves in an upper surface thereof, the fixing grooves being spaced from each other by a distance that corresponds to a length of the battery modules; and
a main cooling frame through which the cooling water flows and that is arranged at an edge of the upper surface of the hollow cooling plate, and
wherein the hollow cooling plate includes:
a hollow lower plate;
a plurality of hollow upper plates in contact with lower surfaces of the battery modules to cool the battery modules, the hollow upper plates being arranged above and spaced from the hollow lower plate and providing the cavities thereon;
a plurality of supporting members interposed between the hollow lower plate and the hollow upper plates to allow the hollow lower plate and the hollow upper plates to communicate with each other therethrough; and
a plurality of cooling water supply and discharge members that branches off from the main cooling frame and through which the cooling water is supplied to and discharged from the hollow upper plates.

US Pat. No. 10,391,880

BATTERY PACK AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. An electric vehicle, comprising:a driving motor;
a battery pack including:
a battery that is rechargeable and dischargeable, the battery being configured to supply power to the driving motor;
a discharging switch and a charging switch electrically connected in serial between the battery and the driving motor;
a battery manager configured to directly control the discharging switch and the charging switch, to adjust an under voltage protection (UVP) level of the battery according to a discharging current of the battery, to measure a remaining capacity of the battery and to send remaining capacity information about the measured remaining capacity; and
a motor controller configured to receive the remaining capacity information from the battery manager, and to control an amount of power to be used by the driving motor in response to the remaining capacity information,
wherein:
the motor controller is configured to reduce the amount of power to be used by the driving motor in response to the remaining capacity information, and to send reduced load power information about the reduced amount of power, and
the battery manager is configured to reduce the UVP level of the battery in response to the reduced load power information.

US Pat. No. 10,391,879

ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM, TRANSPORTER, AND CONTROL METHOD

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. An energy storage system comprising:a first energy storage;
a second energy storage;
a transformation section that transforms at least one of an output voltage of the first energy storage and an output voltage of the second energy storage;
a detection section that detects a prior indicator of faults in at least one of the first energy storage and the second energy storage; and
a controller that controls the transformation section, wherein:
when the detection section has detected a prior indicator of a fault in the first energy storage or the second energy storage, the controller controls the transformation section so as to transfer power from the energy storage in which the prior indicator has been detected to the other energy storage;
the detection section identifies a prior indicator level indicating a probability level of the energy storage in which the prior indicator was detected actually becoming faulty;
when the detection section has detected a prior indicator of a fault in the first energy storage or the second energy storage, the controller controls the transformation section so as to set a discharge rate of the energy storage in which the prior indicator was detected based on the prior indicator level detected by the detection section; and
the controller controls the transformation section such that, when the prior indicator level is lower than a first threshold value, the energy storage in which the prior indicator was detected discharges at a first discharge rate that becomes lower as the prior indicator level becomes lower.

US Pat. No. 10,391,878

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CALIBRATING BATTERY STATE OF CHARGE

General Electric Company,...

1. A method for calibrating state-of-charge (SOC) of an energy storage device, the method comprising:monitoring, via a battery management system, an accumulated capacity of the energy storage device after each top-of-charge (TOC) reset and a time period after each TOC reset, each TOC reset comprising the SOC of the energy storage device being equal to 100% full capacity during recharge when a certain battery condition is reached, the battery condition comprising at least one of a current, a resistance, or a voltage of the energy storage device;
determining, via the battery management system, whether the accumulated capacity or the time period after each TOC reset is above a predetermined threshold; and
if at least one of the accumulated capacity or the time period after each TOC reset is above a predetermined threshold, charging, via the battery management system, the energy storage device for a specified duration until the energy storage device reaches another TOC reset.

US Pat. No. 10,391,877

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR FACILITATING COURTESY CHARGING STATION HAND-OFFS BETWEEN ELECTRIFIED VEHICLE USERS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A charging system for an electrified vehicle, comprising:a battery pack;
a charging component in charging connection with the battery pack; and
a control module located on-board the electrified vehicle and being configured to:
receive an input from a mobile device associated with the electrified vehicle indicating that a charge hand-off feature is enabled; and
command the mobile device to broadcast a charging status message that facilitates a courtesy hand-off of a charging station component to another electrified vehicle user,
wherein the charging status message is broadcast from the mobile device to a second, different mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,391,876

CHARGING STATION AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of operating a charging unit, comprising:charging, by the charging station, an electrical energy store of the electric vehicle;
establishing, by the charging station, a communication link between the charging station and an electric vehicle;
establishing, by the charging station, a further communication link between the charging station and a server via a communication network;
performing, by the server via the communication link and the further communication link, a defect analysis of a processing unit of the electric vehicle;
determining by the server, based on the defect analysis, the processing unit of the electric vehicle has a defect;
determining, by the server, whether a software update is sufficient to eliminate the defect of the processing unit of the electric vehicle;
determining, by the server, the software update is not sufficient to eliminate the defect of the processing unit of the electric vehicle;
based on determining the software update is not sufficient to eliminate the defect, at least one of the following actions is carried out with the aid of the charging station:
transmitting a message to an operator of a vehicle fleet when the electric vehicle is part of a vehicle fleet;
transmitting a message to a repair shop of a keeper and/or driver of the electric vehicle to inform the repair shop that the software update is not sufficient to eliminate the defect;
blocking and/or limiting at least one driving function of the electric vehicle relevant to the defect;
transmitting a message to a breakdown service to commission the breakdown service with a repair of the malfunction; and
transmitting a message to a pick-up service to commission the pick-up service with a pick-up of the electric vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,391,875

VEHICLE ALIGNMENT FOR WIRELESS CHARGING

WiTricity Corporation, W...

1. A wireless-power receiver comprising:a resonant circuit including a power transfer element, the resonant circuit having a resonant frequency;
a power-receiving circuit coupled to the resonant circuit; and
a controller, coupled to the resonant circuit, configured to:
determine a first resonant frequency of the resonant circuit corresponding to a first time;
determine a second resonant frequency of the resonant circuit corresponding to a second time; and
determine an offset of the power transfer element relative to a power transmitter based on the first resonant frequency and the second resonant frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,391,874

METHOD FOR DETERMINING AN ARRANGEMENT OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND ARRANGEMENT DETERMINATION UNIT

1. A method for determining an arrangement of an electric vehicle relative to a charging point in which an alternating magnetic field is transmitted by a transmitting device arranged on or fixed in relation to the charging point, the method comprising:receiving the alternating magnetic field at a location of the electric vehicle;
inferring the arrangement based on the received alternating field; and
activating a charging field to charge the electric vehicle when the arrangement is inferred to be within a tolerance range,
wherein the inferring comprises determining an x-coordinate and a y-coordinate of the electric vehicle from an origin located at the charging point.

US Pat. No. 10,391,873

MOBILE ENERGY STORAGE AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING ENERGY TO A CONSUMER

Volkswagen AG

1. A mobile energy store located on a transportation vehicle, the mobile energy store comprising:a storage battery configured to store energy and be charged at a first charging station;
a receiving device configured to receive a request signal transmitted from a requesting load, the request signal including at least information about a location of the requesting load that is distant from the first charging station;
a coupler configured to be connected to the requesting load for transferring energy from the storage battery to the requesting load; and
a drive device configured to (i) move the mobile energy store autonomously in the public road traffic from the first charging station to the requesting load based on the request signal and (ii) move the mobile energy store autonomously in the public road traffic from the first charging station to a second charging station in response to determination that a second demand for energy at the second charging station is greater than a first demand for energy at the first charging station,
wherein the first demand indicates energy demanded in a first region that is assigned to the first charging station, and the second demand indicates energy demanded in a second region that is assigned to the second charging station.

US Pat. No. 10,391,872

ELECTROMAGNETIC CHARGE SHARING AND LOW FORCE VEHICLE MOVEMENT DEVICE AND SYSTEM

1. A charging and force movement system for a first vehicle, comprising:a high voltage battery for providing an electrical charge;
an inductive loop configured to charge or move a second vehicle; and
an electronic control unit connected to at least one of the high voltage battery or the inductive loop and configured to:
determine whether the first vehicle is in a charging mode or in a force movement mode; and
control the high voltage battery and the inductive loop to receive from or provide a charge to the second vehicle when in the charging mode and repel or attract the second vehicle when in the force movement mode.

US Pat. No. 10,391,871

CONTROLLING CURRENT FLOW PATH IN WIRELESS ELECTRIC VEHICLE CHARGING SYSTEMS FOR MITIGATING RF RADIATED EMISSIONS

WiTricity Corporation, W...

1. A power transfer device of a wireless electric vehicle charging (WEVC) system, the power transfer device comprising:a ferrite material and at least one electrically conductive coil, the ferrite material and the at least one electrically conductive coil configured to wirelessly transfer energy from an electromagnetic field comprising first electromagnetic radiation emissions; and
at least one shield structure positioned on a side of the ferrite material opposite the at least one electrically conductive coil and comprising a plurality of electrically conducting regions and one or more electrically insulating regions,
wherein the electromagnetic field induces currents in the at least one shield structure, the currents generating second electromagnetic radiation emissions,
wherein the one or more electrically insulating regions are located between two or more of the plurality of electrically conducting regions, and
wherein the plurality of electrically conducting regions and the one or more electrically insulating regions are arranged in a pattern that generates the second electromagnetic radiation emissions with an opposite phase from the first electromagnetic radiation emissions and substantially cancels at least a portion of the first electromagnetic radiation emissions that do not contribute to the energy transfer via the first electromagnetic field and the at least one electrically conductive coil.

US Pat. No. 10,391,870

MODULAR POWER ELECTRONICS SYSTEM FOR CHARGING AN ELECTRICALLY OPERATED VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A power electronics system for charging at least one electrically operated vehicle, the power electronics system comprising:at least two modules, each module having at least one terminal pair with DC output, at least one rectifier, at least one AC input, at least one DC link, and switching elements having switching states, the switching elements arranged between the DC outputs of the at least two modules such that, between the at least two modules, at least one series and one parallel circuit configuration is selectively dynamically set by the switching states of the switching elements,
wherein:
the switching elements include an inner switching element connected between a respective terminal pair of the at least two modules;
for each module, the switching elements include a respective pair of outer switching elements connected to the respective terminal pair of each module,
when the inner switching element and the respective pair of outer switching elements are closed, the at least two modules are connected in the series circuit configuration, and
when all of the outer switching elements are closed and the inner switching element is open, the at least two modules are connected in the parallel circuit configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,391,869

ENERGY CONVERSION DEVICE FOR AN ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN VEHICLE

Siemens Mobility GmbH, M...

1. An energy conversion device for a vehicle, the energy conversion device comprising:a unit, operable in at least one mode as a generator unit for generating electrical energy and having at least one synchronous machine;
at least one energy diverting unit for diverting at least some of the electrical energy generated by said generator unit;
a detecting unit for detecting at least one kinematic parameter of the vehicle; and
at least one resistor unit;
said energy diverting unit having at least one control unit configured for selecting operating modes from a plurality of operating modes in dependence on the kinematic parameter detected by said detecting unit, wherein in each of the plurality of operating modes said at least one resistor unit provides a different resistance value.

US Pat. No. 10,391,868

VEHICLE WITH AN ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKING SYSTEM AND BRAKE RESISTOR FOR A VEHICLE

Siemens Mobility GmbH, M...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a vehicle body shell;
at least one electrodynamic braking apparatus having at least one brake resistor;
said at least one brake resistor forming a permanently closed portion of said vehicle body shell over which air flows externally during travel of the vehicle, or said at least one brake resistor being disposed in an immediate vicinity of said permanently closed portion; and
wherein said permanently closed portion is free of mechanically movable parts for influencing the airflow, and heat is conducted away from said brake resistor outwardly to the surroundings via said permanently closed portion.

US Pat. No. 10,391,867

APPARATUS HAVING ELECTRIC-FIELD ACTUATED GENERATOR FOR POWERING ELECTRICAL LOAD WITHIN VICINITY OF POWERLINES

NXP AERONAUTICS RESEARCH,...

1. An apparatus in which electric power is generated for an electrical load from one or more differentials in electric field strength in a vicinity of powerlines, the apparatus comprising:(a) a plurality of separated electrodes;
(b) electrical components electrically connected with the plurality of electrodes, at least one or more of the electrical components being configurable to establish each of a plurality of different electric circuits, each of the different electric circuits comprising a set of two or more mutually exclusive subsets of the plurality of electrodes, the electrodes in each subset that have more than one electrode being electrically connected with each other for avoiding a voltage differential therebetween, and the one or more electrodes of each subset being electrically insulated from each electrode of any other subset of the set for enabling one or more voltage differentials between the subsets of the set resulting from a differential in electric field strength experienced when the apparatus is within the vicinity of the powerlines, wherein the subsets of the set are interconnected such that the one or more voltage differentials between the subsets causes a current to flow through the electric circuit of the set for powering the electrical load; and
(c) a control assembly comprising
(i) one or more voltage-detector components configured to detect voltage differentials of the sets; and
(ii) a processor enabled to process the detected voltage differentials and based thereon and based on voltage and electric current specifications for powering the electrical load—configure one or more of the electrical components in order to establish one of the plurality of different electric circuits for powering the electrical load.

US Pat. No. 10,391,865

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPRISING A CIRCUIT FOR DETECTING AN ELECTRICAL INSULATION FAULT

Renault S.A.S., Boulogne...

1. An apparatus comprising an electrical system, wherein said electrical system comprises first and second terminals and a detection circuit, wherein said first and second terminals are configured to connect to an onboard power source that maintains a voltage between said first and second terminals, wherein said detection circuit detects an insulation fault between said onboard power source and a vehicle body that forms a floating electrical ground, wherein said insulation fault corresponds to an abnormal value of an insulation resistance between said vehicle body and a point on said onboard power source, wherein said detection circuit comprises a programmable voltage-generator, a current-measurement device, and a control unit, wherein said programmable voltage-generator connects to said vehicle body and a first terminal wherein said programmable voltage-generator biases said vehicle body and said first terminal at different potentials, wherein said current-measurement device measures an incoming current into said first terminal and an outgoing current across said a point on said onboard power source, wherein said current flows through said insulation resistance, and wherein said control unit controls application, by said programmable voltage-generator, of at least one non-zero voltage value between said vehicle body and said first terminal, acquires a value of said current measured by said current-measurement device for each value of voltage applied, and calculates a value of said insulation resistance based at least in part on said measured value of said current.

US Pat. No. 10,391,864

SYSTEM TO BALANCE HIGH VOLTAGE BATTERY FOR VEHICLE

9. A method for charging a battery pack for use in a vehicle comprising:determining, by a battery management system (BMS), a first current voltage of a first battery module and a second current voltage of a second battery module of the battery pack;
receiving, by an on-board charger, electrical power from an electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE);
controlling, by an electronic control unit (ECU), a pack switch to transfer the electrical power from the on-board charger to a combination of the first battery module and the second battery module when the first current voltage of the first battery module and the second current voltage of the second battery module are both less than a rated voltage;
controlling, by the ECU, the pack switch to transfer the electrical power from the on-board charger to a module switch and controlling, by the ECU, the module switch to transfer the electrical power to the first battery module when the first current voltage of the first battery module is less than the second current voltage of the second battery module;
controlling, by the ECU, the pack switch to transfer the electrical power from the on-board charger to the module switch and controlling, by the ECU, the module switch to transfer the electrical power to the second battery module when the first current voltage of the first battery module is greater than the second current voltage of the second battery module;
determining, by the ECU, that the electrical power is leaking from the first battery module by monitoring the first current voltage of the first battery module and the second current voltage of the second battery module; and
controlling, by the ECU, the pack switch to transfer the electrical power from the on-board charger to the module switch and controlling, by the ECU, the module switch to transfer the electrical power to the second battery module before the first battery module regardless of the first current voltage of the first battery module and the second current voltage of the second battery module when the electrical power is leaking from the first battery module and when the second current voltage of the second battery module is less than the rated voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,391,863

ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An electrically driven vehicle, comprising:a motor configured to input and output a power for driving;
an inverter configured to drive the motor;
a power storage device configured to supply electric power to the inverter; and
a control device configured to shut down the inverter in response to detection of a short circuit fault of the inverter, wherein
when ignition is on, a shift position is a neutral position, and shut-down of the inverter is cancelled in a state that a short circuit fault occurs in any phase among multiple phases of the inverter, the control device performs a first ON control to turn on upper and lower arms in any arbitrary phase among the multiple phases, and
when an abnormality is detected in the inverter due to the first ON control, the control device performs a second ON control to turn on upper and lower arms in a different phase from the phase of the first ON control.

US Pat. No. 10,391,862

HEAD-UP DISPLAY COVER MEMBER AND DISPLAY DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A head-up display cover member that covers from an upper side an image generation unit for generating an image viewed as a virtual image on a front side of a user, the cover member comprising:an upper wall;
a first transmissive member that transmits a light beam including the image generated by the image generation unit; and
a second transmissive member that is disposed on a rear side of the first transmissive member and transmits the light beam including the image generated by the image generation unit, wherein
the first transmissive member and the second transmissive member are disposed within a same opening formed in the upper wall,
the first transmissive member is shaped to face upward from a front end to a rear end,
the second transmissive member is shaped to face upward from a front end to a rear end, and
an angle defined by a slope at the rear end of the first transmissive member with respect to a front-rear direction is set to be larger than an angle defined by a slope at the front end of the second transmissive member with respect to the front-rear direction, or the rear end of the first transmissive member is offset to an upper side of the front end of the second transmissive member.

US Pat. No. 10,391,861

AXLE ASSEMBLY WITH DISCONNECTING DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT

1. A disconnecting differential assembly comprising:a differential case defining a cavity, the differential case being configured to rotate about a first axis, the differential case including a first end wall;
a differential gearset received in the cavity in the differential case, the differential gearset having a plurality of differential pinions and first and second side gears, the differential pinions configured to transmit rotary power between the differential case and the first and second side gears;
a first dog coupled to the first side gear for rotation therewith;
an output hub received in the differential case and having an internally splined aperture, the output hub being rotatable relative to the differential case; and
a second dog fixedly coupled to the output hub;
wherein the output hub and the second dog are movable relative to the differential case along the first axis between a first position, in which the second dog is spaced apart from the first dog along the first axis to thereby rotationally decouple the first side gear from the output hub and permit relative rotation therebetween, and a second position in which the second dog is engaged to the first dog to thereby rotationally couple the first side gear and the output hub.

US Pat. No. 10,391,859

WORK VEHICLE

Kubota Corporation, Osak...

1. A work vehicle comprising:a vehicle body;
a front hood provided at a front portion of the vehicle body and forming an inner space under a closed state;
an engine section provided at a rear portion of the vehicle body;
a blower pipe extending between the inner space and the rear portion of the vehicle body for sucking cooling air from the inner space toward the engine section, the blower pipe including an air inlet that is opened toward an inner side in a vehicle body transverse direction in the inner space, a blower pipe body having a leading end which is opened upwardly of the vehicle body in the inner space, and an attachment detachably attached to the leading end of the blower pipe body, the attachment having the air inlet; and
a spring coupled to the blower pipe body and to the attachment, the spring retaining the attachment by pulling under the coupled state of the attachment to the blower pipe body.

US Pat. No. 10,391,858

ACTIVE AIR FLAP ASSEMBLY WITH IMPROVED SEALING PERFORMANCE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An active air flap assembly with improved sealing performance, comprising:a plurality of flaps operated by an actuator for selectively opening and selectively closing a radiator grill installed at a front side of a vehicle;
a fixed shroud surrounding an outside of the plurality of flaps such that air passing through the radiator grill flows towards the plurality of flaps, the plurality of flaps being fixed to the fixed shroud; and
a movable shroud slidably installed on the fixed shroud in a front-rear direction of the vehicle, wherein the movable shroud, which is connected to the plurality of flaps through an interlocking device, is configured to slide toward the front side of the vehicle from the fixed shroud by the interlocking device when the plurality of flaps are rotated to close the radiator grill and is configured to slide toward a rear side of the vehicle from the fixed shroud by the interlocking device when the plurality of flaps are rotated to open the radiator grill.

US Pat. No. 10,391,857

ANGLED LOUVERED GRILL COVER ASSEMBLY FOR VEHICLES

HBPO GMBH, (DE)

1. A device for regulating an airstream to a radiator device of a vehicle, wherein the airstream is guidable through at least one opening to the radiator device, comprising:at least two cover elements for at least partially closing the opening in at least a closed position;
a drive for moving the cover elements between the closed position and an open position for the at least partial release of the opening; and
a driver disposed upstream of the drive, the driver coupled to the drive and the at least two cover elements and configured transfer of a movement of the drive to the at least two cover elements, and the driver having at least one opening to enable cooling of the drive; and
wherein:
the at least two cover elements are arranged angled towards one another; and
the drive and driver are positioned between the at least two cover elements.

US Pat. No. 10,391,856

AIR DEFLECTOR WITH IMPROVED DRAINAGE

Ford Global Technologies ...

1. An air deflector, comprising:one or more draining surfaces comprising a plurality of crowned and sloped surfaces including a crowned and sloped channel disposed to promote movement of liquids and solids to one or more drainage apertures; and
a pair of side air deflectors joined by an intermediate air deflector having a crowned surface for directing movement of liquids and solids to vehicle-outboard ends of the intermediate air deflector;
the pair of side air deflectors each comprising a sloped surface including a first channel to collect and direct liquids and solids to one or both of the crowned and sloped channel and the one or more drainage apertures and a second channel to collect and direct liquids and solids to the vehicle-outboard end of the intermediate air deflector;
the one or more drainage apertures each being defined by a non-planar margin defined in one or both of the intermediate air deflector and the pair of side air deflectors, the one or more drainage apertures further being offset from a sealed outboard corner of each of the pair of side air deflectors.

US Pat. No. 10,391,854

DRIVE AND COOLING SYSTEM FOR UTILITY VEHICLE

Hydro-Gear Limited Partne...

1. A power and cooling system for a vehicle having a prime mover disposed on a frame, an output shaft driven by the prime mover, a pair of driven wheels and a plurality of electronic components disposed on the vehicle, the power and cooling system comprising:a first hydraulic motor and a second hydraulic motor disposed on the vehicle, the first hydraulic motor and the second hydraulic motor each being connected to and driving one of the pair of driven wheels;
a generator driven by the prime mover and comprising a generator housing disposed on the vehicle;
a first circulating pump assembly engaged to the generator housing and driven by the prime mover;
a coolant reservoir connected to the first circulating pump assembly, the first circulating pump assembly providing coolant fluid to at least one of the plurality of electronic components; and
a first hydraulic pump disposed on the vehicle and engaged to the first hydraulic motor, and a second hydraulic pump disposed on the vehicle and engaged to the second hydraulic motor, wherein the first hydraulic pump comprises:
a first input shaft driving a first pump cylinder block located in a first pump housing; and
a second circulating pump assembly engaged to the first pump housing and driven by the first input shaft, and the second circulating pump assembly provides coolant fluid to at least one of the plurality of electronic components.

US Pat. No. 10,391,853

DRIVE DEVICE

NIDEC CORPORATION, Kyoto...

1. A drive device that rotates a wheel, the drive device comprising:a motor including a motor shaft disposed along a center axis;
a planetary gear mechanism connected to one side in an axial direction of the motor shaft; and
an output unit to which rotation of the motor shaft is transmitted through the planetary gear mechanism; wherein the motor includes:
a rotor including the motor shaft;
a stator opposed to the rotor in a radial direction with a gap interposed therebetween; and
a bracket including a first lid covering one side in the axial direction of the stator;
the planetary gear mechanism includes:
a sun gear provided at a portion on one side in the axial direction of the motor shaft;
a plurality of planetary gears that are arranged along a circumferential direction on one side in the axial direction of the first lid to engage with the sun gear;
an annular internal gear that surrounds a radial outer periphery of the plurality of planetary gears to engage with the planetary gears;
a carrier including a second lid located on one side in the axial direction of the planetary gear, the carrier being fixed to the bracket; and
a support shaft that is attached to the carrier to extend from the carrier to one side in the axial direction along the center axis;
the output unit is supported to be rotatable about the center axis by a first bearing attached to the support shaft and a second bearing attached to the bracket, and fixed to the internal gear;
the bracket includes a protrusion protruding from the first lid to one side in the axial direction;
a radially inside surface of the protrusion includes a first curved surface that extends in the circumferential direction as viewed along the axial direction;
the carrier includes a second curved surface located on a radial inside of the first curved surface; and
the second curved surface extends in the circumferential direction as viewed along the axial direction, and contacts with the first curved surface.

US Pat. No. 10,391,852

AXLE PROVIDED WITH A HYBRID DRIVE MODULE

Volvo Car Corporation, G...

1. A powertrain provided with a combustion engine, a front drive axle, a longitudinal drive shaft, and a rear drive axle, whereby the combustion engine is connected to the front drive axle, the longitudinal drive shaft, and the rear drive axle, such that the combustion engine can be in drive connection with the front drive axle, the longitudinal drive shaft, and the rear drive axle, wherein the rear drive axle is provided with a hybrid drive module, comprising:at least one drive source; and
a transfer gear set,
wherein the transfer gear set comprises:
an input;
an output; and
a first connection clutch provided operatively in between the input and the output,
whereby the output of the transfer gear set is adapted to be in drive connection with the rear drive axle,
wherein the longitudinal drive shaft is provided with a second connection clutch,
wherein the first connection clutch and the second connection clutch are hydraulically controlled and are connected to a same hydraulic circuit, and
wherein said hybrid drive module further comprises an electric motor and a flywheel operable as independent drive sources, each being independent from the combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 10,391,851

TRANSMISSION UNIT, POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AND VEHICLE COMPRISING THE SAME

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, She...

1. A transmission unit for a vehicle, comprising:a plurality of input shafts, each of the input shafts having a shift driving gear thereon;
a plurality of output shafts, wherein each of the output shafts has a shift driven gear configured to mesh with a corresponding shift driving gear;
a motor power output gear disposed on one of the output shafts;
a motor power shaft;
a first motor power shaft gear disposed on the motor power shaft and configured to rotate together with one of the shift driving gears;
a second motor power shaft gear disposed on the motor power shaft and configured to rotate together with the motor power output gear;
an output idler gear fitted over the motor power shaft; and
an output idler gear synchronizer disposed on the motor power shaft and configured to engage with the output idler gear.

US Pat. No. 10,391,850

MODULE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING AN ELECTRIC MACHINE AND A CLUTCH ACTUATING DEVICE

ZF Friedrichshafen AG, F...

1. An assembly (10) for a motor vehicle, the assembly (10) comprising:an electric machine having:
a machine housing (16),
a rotor (18), and
a stator (20); and
a clutch actuating device (14) having a pressure medium cylinder (34),
wherein the stator (20) includes a stator carrier (22) having a fluid cooling jacket (26), the fluid cooling jacket (26) comprising an annular space (24), a fluid inlet (28), and a fluid outlet (30) spaced apart from the fluid inlet (28),
wherein the stator (20) encloses a central receiving space (32) in which the pressure medium cylinder (34) of the clutch actuating device (14) is arranged,
wherein the pressure medium cylinder (34) has a pressure medium inlet (36) arranged inside an axial extension of the stator carrier (22) and which is fluidically connectable with a pressure source via a pressure medium channel (38) extending from the machine housing (16), and
wherein the pressure medium channel (38) is constructed at least partially in a wall portion (40) of the stator carrier (22) adjoining the central receiving space (32).

US Pat. No. 10,391,849

VEHICLE DRIVE DEVICE

AISIN AW CO., LTD., Anjo...

1. A vehicle drive device comprising:a rotating electrical machine that together with an internal combustion engine serves as a driving force source for wheels,
a speed change device disposed next to the rotating electrical machine in an axial direction, or a direction in which a rotation axis of the rotating electrical machine extends,
a drive device case formed by joining a first case accommodating the rotating electrical machine and a second case accommodating the speed change device,
the first case having a first open end, which is an end that opens to an axial first direction side, or one side in the axial direction, and a first flange formed around the first open end and extending outward in a radial direction perpendicular to the axial direction so as to have an increased diameter,
the second case having a second open end, which is an end that opens to an axial second direction side, or the other side in the axial direction, and a second flange formed around the second open end and extending outward in the radial direction so as to have an increased diameter, and
the first flange and the second flange being fastened together by a fastening member to form a joint flange, and
a rotating electrical machine control device that controls the rotating electrical machine and that is fixed to outside of one of the first case and the second case, wherein
the rotating electrical machine control device has a wide component and a narrow component having a smaller length in the axial direction than the wide component,
the narrow component and the wide component are arranged so as to overlap each other as viewed in a specific radial direction, or a specific direction in the radial direction, and such that the narrow component is located inside in the radial direction of the wide component,
the narrow component is disposed so as not to overlap the joint flange as viewed in the specific radial direction but to overlap the joint flange as viewed in the axial direction, and
the wide component is disposed so as to overlap the joint flange as viewed in the specific radial direction but not to overlap the joint flange as viewed in the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,391,848

ENGINE MOUNTING STRUCTURE

ISUZU MOTORS LIMITED, Sh...

1. An engine mounting structure for a cab-over type vehicle, in which an engine is mounted on a pair of left and right chassis frames extending in a front and rear direction of a vehicle body and a cab is disposed above the engine,wherein an exhaust system is connected to one of left and right side surfaces of the engine, and
wherein the engine is mounted on the chassis frames in a state of being inclined at a predetermined angle such that the one side surface faces obliquely upward, the engine mounting structure comprising:
a first bracket configured to support a first side of the engine on a first chassis frame via a first mount member; and
a second bracket configured to support a second side of the engine on a second chassis frame via a second mount member,
wherein the first bracket comprises a first plate portion attached to the first mount member and a second plate portion attached to the first side of the engine, the first plate portion and the second plate portion forming an obtuse angle,
wherein the second bracket comprises a third plate portion attached to the second mount member and a fourth plate portion attached to the first side of the engine, the third plate portion and the fourth plate portion forming an acute angle, and
wherein a supercharger and an after-treatment device are disposed on the first side of the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,391,847

LOCKING DEVICE HAVING A LOCKING HOOK AND A MOVABLE SLIDE

WEBASTO SE, Stockdorf (D...

1. A locking device of a top of a convertible vehicle, comprising a locking support, a locking hook, which can be shifted in a translational and rotational manner so as to be displaced between a release position and a locked position and which is engaged with a locking counterpart when in the locked position, and a driving mechanism for the locking hook, the driving mechanism comprising a driving wheel, which is driven by a driving motor and which drives a slide movable on the locking support, the slide being connected to the locking hook in such a manner that the locking hook undergoes a displacing movement when the slide is moved, wherein a securing pin is arranged on a first component, the securing pin engaging into a corresponding recess of a second component when the locking hook is in the locked position, the second component moving relative to the first component when the locking hook is being displaced, the securing pin thus securing the locking hook against being displaced in the direction of the release position when the locking hook is in the locked position.

US Pat. No. 10,391,846

LIFTGATE HANDLE WITH ADJUSTABLE HEIGHT TO IMPROVE REACH AND CLEARANCE REQUIREMENT

Ford Global Technologies ...

1. An adjustable-length handle assembly for a vehicle, comprising:a retractor carried by a vertically articulating closure panel of a vehicle;
a flexible web disposed to deploy from and retract into the retractor;
a flexible web guide roller including a flexible web brake; and
a gripping portion disposed at a distal end of the flexible web.

US Pat. No. 10,391,845

DOOR ASSEMBLY STABILITY SYSTEMS FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

1. A door assembly system for public transportation, comprising:a public transportation vehicle having an outer shell and an inner passenger compartment;
at least one door having an outer surface, an inner surface, a top, a bottom and two sides, wherein the door slides to open so that passengers can enter or exit the inner passenger compartment;
at least one connection point that is coupled to the top of the at least one door and mechanically directs the at least one door to open or to close;
a C-shaped rail, wherein the rail is coupled to the outer shell of the vehicle and wherein the rail is located approximately half of the height between the top and the bottom of the at least one door; and
a coupling component that is coupled to the inner surface of the door and is designed to mate with or engage with the C-shaped rail in a slideable manner.

US Pat. No. 10,391,844

VEHICLE DISPLAY SCREEN SAFETY AND PRIVACY SYSTEM

15. A method for improving safety while providing privacy for a vehicle having a rear window and a display screen located at a display screen location, the method comprising:detecting, by an outside sensor, spatial data associated with an outside viewer located outside of the vehicle;
determining, by an electronic control unit (ECU), whether the display screen is powered on;
determining an outside viewer location based on the spatial data when the display screen is powered on;
determining, by the ECU, a viewing region of the window through which the outside viewer views the display screen based on the display screen location and the outside viewer location; and
setting, by the ECU, the viewing region of the window to the opaque state.

US Pat. No. 10,391,843

VEHICLE SUN VISOR

KYOWA SANGYO CO., LTD., ...

1. A vehicle sun visor comprising:a sun visor body supported with respect to a vehicle ceiling so as to be freely rotated between a storage position and a use position; and
a mirror mounted in a mounting part provided in the sun visor body, wherein:
the sun visor body includes a lower surface area that is located directly below the mirror mounted in the mounting part of the sun visor body in the use position,
a plurality of reinforcement ribs are only located in the lower surface area and a second plurality of ribs are located in a remainder of the sun visor body, the plurality of reinforcement ribs extending in a short-axis direction of the sun visor body and arranged in the lower surface area in parallel with one another at predetermined intervals in a long-axis direction of the sun visor body, the predetermined intervals being measured between an adjacent pair of reinforcement ribs of the plurality of reinforcement ribs, the predetermined intervals including at least a first interval measured between at least one first adjacent pair of reinforcement ribs and a second interval measured between at least one second adjacent pair of reinforcement ribs, the first interval being different than the second interval, each of the predetermined intervals of the plurality of reinforcement ribs is shorter than a height of the lower surface area in the short-axis direction of the lower surface area, and
the sun visor body includes a lateral reinforcement rib extending in the long-axis direction, the lateral reinforcement rib intersecting with all of the plurality of reinforcement ribs located in the lower surface area, the lateral reinforcement rib intersecting with the plurality of reinforcement ribs at a portion other than an end of each of the plurality of reinforcement ribs.

US Pat. No. 10,391,842

AUTOMATICALLY DEPLOYABLE VEHICLE SHADE SYSTEM

1. A computing system for a vehicle, the computing system comprising one or more processors for controlling operation of the computing system, and a memory for storing data and program instructions usable by the one or more processors, wherein the one or more processors are configured to execute instructions stored in the memory to:construct a virtual straight line connecting a predetermined location within a vehicle with a light source external to the vehicle;
determine spatial coordinates of locations on a plane defining at least one vehicle window;
determine if the virtual straight line passes through the at least one vehicle window, by determining if spatial coordinates of any location on the plane defining the at least one vehicle window coincide with spatial coordinates of any point on the virtual straight line;
if the virtual straight line passes through the at least one vehicle window, determine if the virtual straight line will pass through any deployable vehicle shade if the deployable vehicle shade is deployed; and
if the virtual straight line will pass through any deployable vehicle shade if the shade is deployed and the shade through which the virtual straight line will pass is not already deployed, operate the vehicle so as to deploy the deployable vehicle shade through which the virtual straight line will pass if the shade is deployed.

US Pat. No. 10,391,841

CABIN AIR FILTER AND FILTER ASSEMBLY

1. A cabin air filter, comprising:a filter medium;
a filter element frame framing the filter medium and configured to attach the cabin air filter to a filter housing;
the filter element frame including
two longitudinal profiles arranged parallel to each other; and
two transverse profiles arranged parallel to each other and arranged perpendicular to the two longitudinal profiles,
at least one engagement element configured to engage pivotably at least one receiving element of the filter housing for pivoting the cabin air filter relative to the filter housing about a pivot axis;
wherein the at least one engagement element is provided on one of the transverse profiles;
wherein the at least one engagement element is a guide element and the at least one receiving element is a guide recess;
the filter element frame further including
at least one snap hook configured to lock with at least one locking means of the filter housing for blocking a pivoting action of the cabin air filter relative to the filter housing at least in a first direction about the pivot axis;
wherein two of the at least one engagement element are provided,
wherein each one of the two transverse profiles is provided with one of the two engagement elements.

US Pat. No. 10,391,840

ADAPTABLE ROOF-MOUNTED AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FOR VEHICLES

TRANSARCTIC CANADA, INC.,...

1. An air conditioning system for mounting on a vehicle roof, comprising:a condenser module including a condensing fluid path defined by (i) a condenser inlet for receiving a compressed fluid, (ii) a condenser heat exchanger for condensing the fluid and transferring heat from the fluid, and (iii) a condenser outlet for releasing the condensed fluid;
an evaporator module including:
a base for placement on an outer surface of the roof; the base including a plurality of longitudinal segments articulable relative to each other such that the base is deformable to conform to a curvature of the roof prior to installation of the air conditioning system;
an evaporating fluid path supported by the base and defined by (i) an evaporator inlet receiving the cooled condensed fluid from the condensing fluid path outlet, (ii) an expansion valve for vaporizing the fluid, (iii) an evaporator heat exchanger for transferring heat to the vaporized fluid, and (iv) an evaporator outlet for returning the heated vaporized fluid to the condenser module via a compressor; and
an interchangeable end plate connected to an end of each of the longitudinal segments of the base; the end plate configured to prevent further articulation of the longitudinal segments and maintain the deformable base in a shape that conforms to the curvature of the roof.

US Pat. No. 10,391,839

REFRIGERATION CYCLE DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A refrigeration cycle device, comprising:a compressor that includes a suction port and a discharge port, the compressor sucking in refrigerant from the suction port, compresses the refrigerant, and then discharges the compressed refrigerant from the discharge port;
a heat dissipater, the refrigerant which flowed out from the compressor flowing into the heat dissipater, the heat dissipater dissipating heat held by the refrigerant to ventilation air toward an air conditioning target space;
an exterior heat exchanger, the refrigerant that flowed out from the compressor flowing into the exterior heat exchanger, the exterior heat exchanger exchanging heat between the refrigerant and outside air;
a pre-exterior device switching unit disposed in a refrigerant passage from the compressor to the exterior heat exchanger, the pre-exterior device switching unit being switched between an opening side switching state that guides the refrigerant to flow from the compressor to the exterior heat exchanger, and a decompression side switching state that guides the refrigerant to flow from the compressor to the heat dissipater and guides the refrigerant, which is decompressed to a greater degree than in the open side switching state after flowing out from the heat dissipater, to flow to the exterior heat exchanger;
a pre-evaporator decompression unit that decompresses the refrigerant which flowed out from the exterior heat exchanger;
an evaporator that exchanges heat between the refrigerant which flowed out from the pre-evaporator decompression unit and the ventilation air to evaporate the refrigerant;
an evaporator passage that guides the refrigerant which flowed out from the exterior heat exchanger to the suction port of the compressor while passing through the pre-evaporator decompression unit and the evaporator;
a bypass passage that guides the refrigerant which flowed out from the exterior heat exchanger to the suction port of the compressor while bypassing the pre-evaporator decompression unit and the evaporator;
a passage switching unit that opens and closes the bypass passage, the passage switching unit being set in a non-bypass state that closes the bypass passage while the evaporator passage is open, and being set in a bypass state that opens the bypass passage while the evaporator passage is closed, wherein
the pre-exterior device switching unit and the passage switching unit form a coupled valve where the pre-exterior device switching unit and the passage switching unit are mechanically coupled, and
in the coupled valve, the passage switching unit is set in the non-bypass state together with the pre-exterior device switching unit being switched to the opening side switching state, and the passage switching unit is set in the bypass state together with the pre-exterior device switching unit being switched to the decompression side switching state.

US Pat. No. 10,391,838

RETURN AIR BLOCKING DEVICE FOR VENTILATION OF THE INTERIOR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

ILLINOIS TOOL WORKS INC.,...

1. Return air blocking device for ventilation of the interior of a motor vehicle, the return air blocking device comprising:a frame or housing; and
at least one flexible valve flap mounted on the frame or the housing,
wherein, in an idle position, the valve flap closes and blocks a flow of air through the return air blocking device, and wherein, when a sufficient pressure occurs, the valve flap assumes an opening position, in which it allows a flow of air through the return air blocking device, wherein the at least one valve flap comprises at least one slit on its end mounted on the frame or housing, wherein the frame or the housing comprises at least one holding projection, which engages in the at least one slit via initial widening of the slit and then subsequent reformation under the holding projection, and wherein, in its idle position, the at least one valve flap lies on at least one first bearing surface on its end mounted on the frame or the housing and on at least one second bearing surface on its opposing end, wherein the at least one second bearing surface is parallel to the at least one first bearing surface, wherein
the at least one holding projection comprises a stop surface, wherein the at least one vale flap is held on its end mounted on the frame or housing between the stop surface and the first bearing surface such that it can not pivot into the opening position, but only can reach the opening position through bending, and
the stop surface, starting from the end mounted on the frame or the housing extends over a part of a surface of the at least one valve flap in the direction of the opposing end, so that upon assuming the opening position by the at least one valve flap, at least a section of the at least one valve flap being covered by the stop surface does not bend.

US Pat. No. 10,391,837

HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TRUCK CABS

Tiger Tool International ...

1. A vehicle heating and cooling system for a vehicle comprising a vehicle battery, the vehicle heating and cooling system comprising:an interior system;
a compressor system;
a primary working fluid configured to flow between the interior system and the compressor system;
an auxiliary heating system comprising
an auxiliary heat exchanger comprising at least one resistive-type heating element, where the auxiliary heat exchanger is operatively configured to transfer heat to the primary working fluid, and
a voltage controller operatively connected between the vehicle battery and the at least one resistive-type heating element to control flow of electricity from the battery to the at least one resistive-type heating element to generate heat; and
at least one valve assembly configured to operate in
a cooling mode in which the primary working fluid transfers heat from the interior system to the compressor system,
a standard heating mode in which in which the primary working fluid transfers heat from the compressor system to the interior system and the auxiliary heating system does not transfer heat to the primary working fluid, and
an augmented heating mode in which the auxiliary heating system transfers heat from the at least one resistive-type heating element to the primary working fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,391,836

VEHICLE AIR-CONDITIONING DEVICE

Sanden Holdings Corporati...

1. A vehicle air-conditioning device comprising:a compressor which compresses a refrigerant;
an air flow passage through which air to be supplied to a vehicle interior flows;
a radiator disposed in the air flow passage to let the refrigerant radiate heat;
a heat absorber disposed in the air flow passage to let the refrigerant absorb heat;
an indoor blower which blows air through the air flow passage; and
control means comprising a controller for controlling operations of the compressor and the indoor blower,
the vehicle air-conditioning device heating the air to be supplied to the vehicle interior by heat radiated from the radiator to heat the vehicle interior,
the vehicle air-conditioning device comprising:
heat generating means disposed in the air flow passage to heat the air to be supplied to the vehicle interior,
wherein the control means controls timing to start the compressor, the indoor blower and the heat generating means on a basis of an outdoor air temperature,
wherein in a case of a first low outdoor air temperature environment in which the outdoor air temperature is low, the control means starts the compressor prior to the indoor blower, and
the control means starts the heat generating means simultaneously with the indoor blower, immediately after the start of the indoor blower, or after the start of the indoor blower.

US Pat. No. 10,391,835

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DE-ICING A HEAT PUMP

Ford Global Technologies,...

9. A method for operating a vehicle heat pump, comprising:receiving vehicle heat pump sensor data to a controller;
operating the vehicle heat pump in a heating mode and transferring heat from the vehicle heat pump to engine coolant in the heating mode;
judging a presence of exterior heat exchanger icing in a refrigerant circuit via the controller while operating the vehicle heat pump in the heating mode;
activating an engine in a coolant circuit and operating the vehicle heat pump in a cooling mode via the controller in response to judging the presence of exterior heat exchanger icing, where the engine is activated after the vehicle heat pump is operated in a de-icing mode in response to the judging of the presence of exterior heat exchanger icing, where refrigerant is not sent to an only one single internal heat exchanger of the refrigerant circuit while operating the vehicle heat pump in the de-icing mode, and where the vehicle heat pump includes an actual total of one internal heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,391,834

AIR CONDITIONER

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An air conditioner, comprising:a pump adapted to draw and discharge a heat medium;
a first heat exchanger that cools or heats the heat medium so as to adjust a temperature of the heat medium;
a second heat exchanger that exchanges heat between the heat medium having the temperature adjusted by the first heat exchanger and ventilation air to be blown into a space to be air-conditioned;
a heat transfer portion having a flow path through which the heat medium circulates, the heat transfer portion being adapted to transfer heat with the heat medium having the temperature adjusted by the first heat exchanger;
a large-inner-diameter pipe that forms a heat-medium flow path between the first heat exchanger and the heat transfer portion;
a small-inner-diameter pipe that forms a heat-medium flow path between the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger, the small-inner-diameter pipe having an inner diameter smaller than that of the large-inner-diameter pipe;
a parallel pipe forming a heat-medium flow path between the first heat exchanger and the second heat exchanger, the parallel pipe being disposed in parallel with at least a part of the small-inner-diameter pipe, the parallel pipe having an inner diameter larger than that of the small-inner-diameter pipe; and
a flow-path switching valve configured to switch between a first state in which the heat medium circulating through the second heat exchanger flows through the parallel pipe, and a second state in which the heat medium circulating through the second heat exchanger does not flow through the parallel pipe but flows through the small-inner diameter pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,391,833

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING DEGREE OF SUPERHEAT OF VEHICLE AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM, AND VEHICLE AIR-CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Hangzhou Sanhua Research ...

1. A method for controlling a superheat degree of a vehicle air-conditioning system, comprising:acquiring, by a first acquisition module of a control system in a real time manner, an actual superheat degree, a preset superheat degree, and a feed forward information affecting the actual superheat degree; and
adjusting, by a first controller, an opening degree of an electronic expansion valve in real time according to the actual superheat degree, the preset superheat degree and the feed forward information acquired, to control the superheat degree of the vehicle air-conditioning system;
wherein the feed forward information comprises:
a change of a rotational speed and/or a displacement of a compressor; and/or a change of a rotational speed of an evaporator fan;
wherein the first controller is in communication with the electronic expansion valve via a vehicle controller area network (CAN) bus or a vehicle local interconnect network (LIN) bus; and the first acquisition module is in communication with the first controller via a vehicle CAN bus or a vehicle LIN bus.

US Pat. No. 10,391,832

VARIABLE EVAPORATOR OUTLET AIR PRESSURE DISTRIBUTION

DENSO International Ameri...

1. A climate control system for a vehicle having a plurality of modes, the climate control system comprising:an evaporator having a downstream face;
at least one blower that blows air across the evaporator, the air downstream of the blower having a pressure distribution defined generally along the downstream face, the pressure distribution along the downstream face being variable depending on which of the plurality of modes the climate control system is currently set; and
a ducting assembly including a wall that faces an upstream face of the evaporator, wherein a distance between the wall and the upstream face is variable to vary the pressure distribution along the downstream face of the evaporator depending on which of the plurality of modes the climate control system is currently set;
wherein the wall includes a first portion that directs airflow to a first region of the evaporator and a second portion that directs airflow to a second region of the evaporator, at least one of the first and second portions being moveable relative to the other of the first and second portions; and
wherein a first variable distance is defined between the first portion of the wall and the first region of the evaporator, wherein a second variable distance is defined between the second portion of the wall and the second region of the evaporator, wherein the first distance is greater than the second distance in a vent mode, and wherein the second distance is greater than the first distance in a heat mode.

US Pat. No. 10,391,831

COMBINED HEAT EXCHANGER MODULE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A combined heat exchanger module comprising:an upper tank configured for introducing a cooling water into the combined heat exchanger module,
a lower tank configured for discharging the cooling water from the combined heat exchanger module;
first heat radiating channels, each having an upper end connected with the upper tank and a lower end connected with the lower tank, wherein each of the first heat radiating channels is formed with a flat tube shape through which the cooling water flows, and Wherein the first heat radiating channels are arranged in planes parallel to a direction of air flow;
second heat radiating channels, each having an upper end connected with the upper tank and a lower end connected with the lower tank, Wherein each of the second heat radiating channels is formed with a flat tube shape through which the cooling water flows, wherein the second heat radiating channels are arranged in planes parallel to the direction of the air flow; and
a plurality of thermoelectric elements, each having a first surface in surface contact with the second heat radiating channels and a second surface exposed to air,
wherein the plurality of thermoelectric elements are arranged in series along a direction parallel to a straight line connecting the upper tank and the lower tank, and are connected to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,391,830

INTEGRATED AIR-SUPPLY UNIT

1. An integrated air supply unit, comprising:an air compressor;
an electric motor;
an air dryer, wherein the air compressor together with an electric motor, the air dryer and multiple pneumatic connectors form a functional unit;
the functional unit is formed at least from a pneumatic block and an electronic control device; and
pneumatic valves are arranged in part in the pneumatic block and in part in the electronic control device, the air compressor is arranged in the pneumatic block and is driven by way of the electric motor, the electronic control device is arranged at a side of the pneumatic block opposite to the electric motor.

US Pat. No. 10,391,829

ASSEMBLY CONSISTING OF A FRAME ELEMENT, A CONNECTING ELEMENT AND A PART SECURED TO THE CONNECTING ELEMENT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. An assembly, comprising:a frame element of a motor vehicle;
a connecting element fastened to the frame element; and
a component fastened for rotation relative to the connecting element, wherein
a modulus of elasticity of at least one of: (i) an integrally bonded connection provided between the connecting element and the frame element, and (ii) the connecting element, is less than a modulus of elasticity of the component fastened to the connecting element.

US Pat. No. 10,391,828

AXLE COMPONENT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AXLE

BENTELER AUTOMOBILTECHNIK...

1. An axle component for a motor vehicle axle, comprising:an upper wall and a lower wall forming a hollow interior space;
at least one bearing receptacle formed by a pair of opposing rim holes through the upper and lower walls;
each rim hole having a respective collar formed by an edge of the wall and to accommodate a rubber-metal bearing to be received therewithin;
wherein the collars of the rim holes are oriented in a same direction as an insertion direction of the rubber-metal bearing; and
wherein the lower collar is oriented outward with respect to the interior space of the axle component and includes an inclined portion being partially set back into the interior space of the axle component in relation to an outer wall of the axle component.

US Pat. No. 10,391,827

WHEEL SUSPENSION FOR THE REAR AXLE OF A VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A wheel suspension for a rear axle of a vehicle, the wheel suspension comprising:a wheel carrier for fastening a rear wheel of the vehicle,
a link system comprising at least two links is fastened on the wheel carrier,
wherein the wheel carrier has a link portion for fastening on the vehicle body of the vehicle via a coupling link,
wherein the links of the link system comprises a spring link, a track rod, a control blade, and the coupling link, and
wherein the spring link, the track rod and the control blade are arranged in one plane, which is below a plane which passes through a wheel center.

US Pat. No. 10,391,826

GANGWAY FOR CONNECTING A FIRST CAR WITH A SECOND CAR

Dellner Couplers AB, Fal...

1. A gangway for connecting cars of a multi-car vehicle, comprising:a first hoop at a first end of the gangway, configured to be connected to a first car;
a second hoop at a second end of the gangway, opposite to the first end, configured to be connected to a second car;
a support beam;
a third hoop and a fourth hoop, resting on the support beam, and intermediate the first hoop and the second hoop;
wherein each of the hoops has a generally rectangular shape and envelopes an area large enough for a passenger to pass through;
a connection element elastically connecting the third hoop and the fourth hoop into a predetermined orientation relative to each other; and
a floor supported on the hoops.

US Pat. No. 10,391,825

HITCH WITH SELECTIVE TOW BALL

1. A hitch, comprising:a coupling member comprising a rear end, a front end, and a plurality of mounting apertures thereon, the coupling member configured to be received by a vehicle's tow box;
a spring pin bracket connected to the front end of the coupling member, the spring pin bracket including a vertical member oriented perpendicular to the coupling member and a horizontal portion extending in a forward direction and oriented parallel to the coupling member, the horizontal portion including a spring pin aperture thereon;
a shaft extending from the vertical portion of the spring pin bracket in a forward direction, the shaft oriented parallel to the coupling member, the shaft including a shaft aperture thereon;
a cylinder including a plurality of selection apertures, a front end, a rear end, and a channel extending therethrough, wherein the shaft is inserted through the rear end of the channel, and wherein the cylinder is rotatable about the shaft;
a spring pin including a lower end inserted through the shaft aperture and one of the plurality of selection apertures, the spring pin biased downward toward the cylinder such that the spring pin exerts a force against the horizontal portion of the spring pin bracket; and
a plurality of tow balls disposed on the front end of the cylinder.

US Pat. No. 10,391,824

TIRE INFLATION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROL

ArvinMeritor Technology, ...

1. A method of controlling inflation of a tire comprising:determining a tire pressure by:
providing a pulse of pressurized gas to a tire valve, wherein the pulse of pressurized gas does not open the tire valve when the tire pressure is greater than or equal to a target tire pressure;
measuring a pressure of the pulse of pressurized gas to obtain a measured pressure; and
comparing the pressure of the pulse of pressurized gas to a pressure of a previous pressure pulse of pressurized gas to determine whether there is confidence that the measured pressure is accurate when the pressure is less than the target tire pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,391,823

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING A PRESSURE DEVIATION BETWEEN A SETPOINT TIRE PRESSURE AND AN ACTUAL TIRE PRESSURE FOR A TIRE OF A VEHICLE AS WELL AS FOR DETERMINING A WHEEL LOAD

VOLKSWAGEN AG, Wolfsburg...

1. A method for indicating a vehicle tire pressure, the vehicle including a control device, a force sensor, wheel sensor, and a display, the method comprising:ascertaining, by the force sensor, a wheel load for the tire;
ascertaining, by the wheel sensor, a dynamic tire radius of the tire; and
determining, by the control device, a pressure deviation as a function of the wheel load and the dynamic tire radius;
wherein a non-loaded tire radius of the tire is specified in a non-loaded state, and the actual tire pressure is calculated, by the control device, as a function of the wheel load, the non-loaded tire radius, and the dynamic tire radius using a tire rigidity function;
wherein the tire rigidity function is specified, and the control device is configured to calculate a tire rigidity of the tire as a function of the wheel load, the actual tire pressure, and a velocity, at which the vehicle is currently traveling; and
wherein constants of the tire rigidity function are learned in that measured values for the velocity and the wheel load are ascertained for multiple points in time and in that for these measured values the constants are determined such that an estimation error is minimized; and
displaying, on the display, a setpoint tire pressure and the actual tire pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,391,821

PNEUMATIC TIRE

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

1. A pneumatic tire comprising:a tread portion which is provided with tread grooves defining a tread pattern and which has an outboard tread edge and an inboard tread edge which are intended to be positioned away from the center of a vehicle body and close to the center of the vehicle body, respectively,
wherein the tread grooves include an outboard shoulder main groove and an outboard crown main groove which are disposed on the outboard tread edge side of the tire equator and extend zigzag continuously in the tire circumferential direction,
wherein the outboard shoulder main groove is composed of alternate long groove segments and short groove segments which are inclined with respect to the tire circumferential direction to the outboard tread edge toward one side in the tire circumferential direction,
wherein the long groove segments are inclined at an angle ?a with respect to the tire circumferential direction,
wherein the short groove segments are inclined at an angle ?b with respect to the tire circumferential direction which is larger than the angle ?a of the first groove segments,
wherein groove widths of the long groove segments gradually increase toward the outboard tread edge,
wherein the outboard crown main groove is composed of alternate first groove segments and second groove segments, wherein the first groove segments are inclined with respect to the tire circumferential direction to the inboard tread edge toward one side in the tire circumferential direction,
wherein the second groove segments are inclined with respect to the tire circumferential direction to the outboard tread edge toward one side in the tire circumferential direction,
wherein the tread grooves include outboard middle lateral grooves extending from the outboard crown main groove to the outboard shoulder main groove so as to be linearly continued to the respective short groove segments of the outboard shoulder main groove,
wherein the tread grooves include secondary middle lateral grooves which are alternated with the outboard middle lateral grooves so as to not be linearly continued with the short groove segments of the outboard shoulder main groove and extend from the outboard crown main groove to the outboard shoulder main groove,
wherein groove widths of the secondary middle lateral grooves gradually increase toward the outboard tread edge,
wherein the tread grooves include outboard shoulder lateral grooves extending from the outboard shoulder main groove towards the outboard tread edge, and
wherein the outboard shoulder lateral grooves are linearly continued to the respective secondary middle lateral grooves through the outboard shoulder main groove.

US Pat. No. 10,391,820

PNEUMATIC TIRE

BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION, ...

1. A pneumatic tire comprisinga carcass, a belt and a narrow groove formed on a tread surface, the narrow groove extending in a direction inclined with respect to the tire circumferential direction and having a groove width smaller than a groove depth,
the narrow groove opening at both ends thereof to the outside of a land portion,
the narrow groove having an air inflow part formed on at least one of the groove walls facing each other in the tire circumferential direction, the air inflow part opening only to the tread and the narrow groove,
wherein the belt includes first, second, third, fourth, fifth and sixth belt layers arranged in the stated order from an inside to outside in a tire radial direction,
wherein in a tire width direction, each of the first and second belt layers has a width measured along the tire width direction defined to be 25% or more and 70% or less of a tread width, each of the third and fourth belt layers has a width defined to be 55% or more and 90% or less of the tread width, and each of the fifth and sixth belt layers has a width defined to be 60% or more and 110% or less of the tread width,
wherein belt cords of the first and second belt layer are inclined at an angle of 70° or more and 85° or less with respect to a carcass cord, belt cords of the third and fourth belt layers are inclined at an angle of 50° or more and 75° or less with respect to the carcass cord, and belt cords of the fifth and sixth belt layers are inclined at an angle of 50° or more and 70° or less with respect to the carcass cord,
wherein the narrow groove has a maximum depth D1 and the air inflow part has a maximum depth D2, the D1 and the D2 satisfying:
5 wherein the air inflow part has a length of 5 mm or more along the longitudinal direction of the narrow groove and ½ or less of a length of the narrow groove along the longitudinal direction, and
wherein the air inflow part has a side profile in section perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the narrow groove in which the depth of the air inflow part continuously increases from a point located on the tread surface to a point located on the groove wall of the narrow groove.

US Pat. No. 10,391,819

PNEUMATIC TIRE

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

2. A pneumatic tire comprising:a tread portion provided with a circumferentially and continuously extending zigzag shoulder main groove located adjacent to a tread edge to define a shoulder portion axially outward of the shoulder main groove and central lateral grooves extending axially inwardly from the shoulder main groove,
wherein the shoulder portion comprises a top surface having an axially inner edge facing the shoulder main groove and a sidewall extending radially inwardly from the inner edge, the sidewall of the shoulder portion being provided with shoulder dent portions dented axially outwardly from the shoulder main groove,
wherein the central lateral grooves are located so that an extended portion in which each of the central lateral grooves is extended axially outwardly overlaps with a respective one of the shoulder dent portions at least partially,
wherein an axial distance from a tire equator to an axially outer end of each of the shoulder dent portions is in a range of from 0.55 to 0.66 times a tread half width which is an axial distance from the tire equator to the tread edge,
wherein the tread portion further comprises a central portion located axially inward of the shoulder main groove, the central portion comprises a top surface having an axially outer edge facing the shoulder main groove and a sidewall extending radially inwardly from the outer edge,
wherein the sidewall of the central portion is provided with central dent portions dented axially inwardly from the shoulder main groove,
wherein the central dent portions and the shoulder dent portions are arranged alternately in a circumferential direction of the tire,
wherein the shoulder main groove comprises a first inclined element inclined with respect to the circumferential direction of the tire and a second inclined element inclined in an opposite direction to the first inclined element,
wherein the shoulder portion further comprises a second dent portion dented axially outwardly from the shoulder main groove,
wherein the second dent portion at least partially overlaps with an extended portion in which the first inclined element is extended in a longitudinal direction thereof, and
wherein the second dent portion comprises a bottom provided with a sipe having a width in a range of from 0.5 to 1.0 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,391,818

PNEUMATIC TIRE AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION, ...

1. A pneumatic tire comprising a tread portion and tire side regions, the tread portion having an asymmetrical tread pattern and a pair of tread halves, the tread halves extending between a tire equatorial plane and respective outer ends in the tire width direction of the tread portion, respectively, and having different negative ratios,wherein the tread portion has short fibers fixed to at least a portion of a tire inner peripheral surface of the tread portion, and the short fibers are situated only in one of the tread halves with a lower negative ratio, and the tread half with a lower negative ratio has a short-fiber fixation area ratio of 50% or more, and
wherein short fibers are also fixed to at least a portion of a tire inner peripheral surface of the tire side regions.

US Pat. No. 10,391,817

THIN REINFORCED PRODUCT AND TIRE COMPRISING SAID PRODUCT

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire comprising:a crown surmounted by a tread;
two sidewalls;
two beads, each sidewall connecting each bead to the crown;
a carcass reinforcement anchored in each of the beads and extending through the sidewalls as far as the crown, and
a crown reinforcement interposed radially between the carcass reinforcement and the tread,
wherein the tire is a passenger vehicle tire, and
wherein the crown reinforcement is a reinforced product comprising:
an elastomer matrix,
several reinforcing elements embedded in the elastomer matrix, the reinforcing elements being arranged side by side in a main direction, each reinforcing element comprising:
at least one filamentary element comprising a single monofilament, and
at least one sheath coating the filamentary elements and comprising at least one layer of a thermoplastic polymer composition,
wherein a mean thickness E of the reinforced product is less than or equal to 0.95 mm;
wherein a pitch P at which the reinforcing elements are laid in the main direction is less than or equal to 1.1 mm;
wherein the ratio R1=ODO/E of the mean minimum thickness ODO of elastomer present on the sheath to the mean thickness E of the reinforced product is less than or equal to 0.17, the mean minimum thickness of elastomer ODO and mean thickness E of the reinforced product being measured in a direction substantially perpendicular to the main direction;
wherein the ratio R2=B/E of the mean minimum thickness B of elastomer separating two successive reinforcing elements in the main direction to the mean thickness E of the reinforced product is less than or equal to 0.3;
wherein each filamentary element has a mean bulk D in the direction substantially perpendicular to the main direction, and wherein the ratio R3=D/E of the mean bulk D to the mean thickness E of the reinforced product is less than or equal to 0.6.

US Pat. No. 10,391,816

PNEUMATIC TIRE

TOYO TIRE CORPORATION, I...

1. A pneumatic tire comprising a belt layer arranged between a carcass and a tread portion,wherein the belt layer comprises
a first main working belt,
a second main working belt arranged at an outer side of the first main working belt in a tire-radial direction, the second main working belt having a cord angle different from a cord angle of the first main working belt in a direction with respect to a tire-circumferential direction, and
a reinforcement belt,
a cord angle of the reinforcement belt is not smaller than 6 degrees and not larger than 9 degrees, and is smaller than a cord angle of the first main working belt and the second main working belt,
a width of the reinforcement belt is equal to or wider than 50% of a tire-section width and not wider than a width of a narrower one of the first and second main working belts,
when a perpendicular line extending from a groove bottom center of a shoulder main groove, which is a most outwardly located groove of main grooves in a tire-width direction, to the reinforcement belt is set, and an intersection of the perpendicular line and an upper surface of the reinforcement belt is set as an origin so that an outer side and an inner side in the tire-width direction are respectively defined as positive and negative, a ratio of a dimension from the origin to an end portion of the reinforcement belt to a half width of the reinforcement belt is not smaller than ?0.07 and not larger than 0.11, and
wherein a ratio of a distance from a groove bottom of the shoulder main groove to the upper surface of the reinforcement belt to a distance from a lower surface of the reinforcement belt to an inner surface of the tire on the perpendicular line is not smaller than 0.9 and not larger than 1.4.

US Pat. No. 10,391,815

MULTIPLE LAYER FOAM INSERT FOR TIRES

1. A wheel for a vehicle comprising:a) a rim having an inner circumference, and an outer circumference and a cavity therebetween;
b) a tire mounted around the outer circumference of the rim; and
c) an insert inside the tire, comprising:
(i) a stiff core composed of a first foam material;
(ii) a resilient outer layer that substantially encircles a peripheral surface of the core and composed of a second foam material different from the first foam material
(iii) a foam material configured to fill the cavity of the rim.

US Pat. No. 10,391,814

AUTOMOTIVE SAFEY DEVICE

Measurement Ltd., Grand ...

1. An automotive safety device comprising:a housing including a first light source; and
a support assembly removably mountable to the housing, the support assembly comprising:
a unitary support base configured for mounting to the housing in a first configuration having a first orientation with respect to the housing and in a second configuration having a second orientation with respect to the housing; and
a plurality of support members movably attached to the support base and moveable between a first position and a second position, each of the plurality of support members being arranged adjacent to an outer surface of the housing in the first position when the support base is mounted to the housing in the first configuration, and each of the plurality of support members extending outward from the housing in the second position when the support base is mounted to the housing in the second configuration, whereby the support assembly defines a freestanding support structure when the support base is mounted to the housing in the second configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,391,811

WRITING BOARD AND METHOD OF USE

1. A writing board system, comprising:a chalk writing device;
a dry-erase marker; and
a board, having:
a frame;
a base board to be supported within the frame;
a substrate configured to be secured to the base board; and
a thermosetting powder coating resin applied to the substrate, the thermosetting powder coating resin being composed of a compound;
a textured surface created by the thermosetting powder coating resin having a surface roughness greater than 0.8755 micrometer and less than 7.484 micrometer, thereby being adaptable for receiving chalk;
wherein the texture surface is suitable for writing on by the chalk writing device and the dry-erase marker because of the surface roughness; and
wherein any writing on the textured surface can be removed via a cloth.

US Pat. No. 10,391,810

PAGE TURNING DEVICE

1. A page turning assembly for enabling a user to more easily turn paper sheets, the page turning assembly comprising, in combination:a writing implement, the writing implement comprising an implement end; and
a page turning device, the page turning device being formed from an elastic material, the elastic material being elastically deformable and having an inherent spring constant for returning deformed portions of the elastic material to equilibrium, the elastic material being formed so as to provide a female receptacle for receiving the implement end and an outer sheet-engaging surface, the outer sheet-engaging surface for providing gripping action at a paper surface for enabling the user to turn the paper sheet, the female receptacle being characterized by comprising a receptacle mouth, a receptacle bottom, and a series of inwardly and radially extending rib formations extending intermediate the receptacle mouth and the receptacle bottom, the receptacle mouth extending in a receptacle mouth plane, each rib formation comprising an innermost edge and an oblique portion adjacent the receptacle mouth, the innermost edges extending orthogonally relative to the receptacle mouth plane and being elastically deformable radially outwardly when receiving the implement end, each oblique portion extending in an oblique angle relative to the receptacle mouth plane and the innermost edges for guiding the implement end into the female receptacle when being inserted thereinto, the implement end comprising an outer implement surface, the outer implement surface for elastically deforming the innermost edges radially outwardly when inserted into the female receptacle, each rib formation for directing restorative forces toward the outer implement surface for holding the page turning device upon the implement end, the writing implement and page turning device together thus enabling the user to engage and turn paper sheets via the outer sheet engaging surface.

US Pat. No. 10,391,809

WRITING INSTRUMENT

C. Josef Lamy GmbH, Heid...

1. A writing instrument comprising:a writing part (12), which comprises a writing tip (16); and
a cap (22) which protects the writing tip (16) and is releasably connectable to the writing part (12),
wherein, for the releasable connection between the cap (22) and the writing part (12):
the writing part comprises several connecting means (24), each with a connecting region (26) which is curved in an ellipsoidal manner; and
the cap (22) comprises an internal thread (32) on the inside,
wherein the internal thread (32) of the cap (22), on the one hand, and the connecting means (24) of the writing part (12), on the other hand, are positioned and aligned in such a manner that, in each case with the cap (22) in a state fastened on the writing part (12), the connecting region (26) of the respective connecting means (24) engages completely or in part in a thread (34) of the internal thread (32),
wherein the connecting means (24) are arranged in a stationary and rotatable manner relative to the writing part (12), and
wherein the cap (22) is transferrable from a state not fastened to the writing part (12) into the state fastened to the writing part (12) as a result of a relative rotation between the cap (22) and the writing part (12), in the course of which the connecting means (24) are guided in each case along and in engagement with the thread (34).

US Pat. No. 10,391,808

PEN HOLDER

WACOM CO., LTD., Saitama...

1. A pen holding device configured to hold an electronic pen which has a first core that is elongated and is replaceable, the pen holder comprising:a casing having an electronic pen holder that is configured to hold the electronic pen in an erect state or a laid state; and
at least one refill core holder which is provided inside the casing and is configured to grasp a second core, which is a refill core for the electronic pen, in a direction different from a longitudinal direction of the electronic pen when the electronic pen holder holds the electronic pen in the erect state.

US Pat. No. 10,391,805

ELECTRICAL COMPONENT ASSEMBLY ON FLEXIBLE MATERIALS

International Business Ma...

1. A method, comprising:patterning metal on a tape;
creating one or more holes in the tape;
attaching one or more electronic devices to the tape in the one or more holes such that a profile of the tape and the one or more electronic devices is less than a threshold;
electrically connecting the one or more electronic devices to the patterned metal;
cutting the tape, resulting in one or more component portions of the tape and one or more excess portions of the tape,
wherein the one or more component portions comprises at least one of the one or more electronic devices, attached to the patterned metal; and
bonding the one or more component portions to a ribbon.

US Pat. No. 10,391,804

SECURITY PRODUCT OR VALUABLE PRODUCT HAVING AN ELECTROLUMINESCENT SECURITY ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF

BUNDESDRUCKEREI GMBH, Be...

1. A security product or product of value (100) with a passive, electroluminescent security element (10) which includes a field-induced electroluminescent component (20), wherein the electroluminescent component (20) contains only an electroluminescent layer (30) disposed between two layered electrodes (22, 24), the electroluminescent layer comprising a mixture of at least one electroluminescent dye embedded in a transparent dielectric material, characterized in that the electroluminescent layer (30) directly adjoins and contacts the electrodes (22, 24), and electroluminescent dye embedded in the transparent dielectric material is positioned between the electrodes (22, 24).

US Pat. No. 10,391,803

IMAGE RECORDING PAPER MEDIUM, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME, AND IMAGE RECORDING METHOD

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An image recording paper medium comprising:a resin having a constitutional unit represented by General Formula (1) and a constitutional unit represented by General Formula (2-1) and/or a constitutional unit represented by General Formula (2-2),
wherein in the resin, a content of the constitutional unit represented by General Formula (1) is 30% to 96% by mass, and a total content of the constitutional unit represented by General Formula (2-1) and the constitutional unit represented by General Formula (2-2) is 4% to 70% by mass,

in General Formula (1), R1 represents a hydrogen atom or methyl, L1 represents a divalent linking group having 1 to 5 carbon atoms, and R2 represents an alkyl group having 4 to 24 carbon atoms or an aryl group having 6 to 24 carbon atoms, and
in General Formulae (2-1) and (2-2), R3 represents a hydrogen atom or methyl, L2 represents a single bond or a divalent linking group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, and M1 and M2 each represent a hydrogen ion or a cation, and
wherein the resin has a constitutional unit represented by General Formula (3),

in General Formula (3), R6 represents a hydrogen atom or methyl, L3 represents a divalent linking group, and M represents a hydrogen ion or a cation.

US Pat. No. 10,391,802

RECORDING METHOD AND RECORDING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A recording method comprising:adhering an ink composition including a pigment colorant to a recording medium to color the recording medium; and
adhering a reaction liquid to the recording medium, the reaction liquid containing water and a reagent for aggregating or thickening components of the ink composition, and having a pH of 7 to 10,
wherein the reaction liquid does not include a colorant to color the recording medium,
the reagent is a multivalent metal salt and a sulfate salt,
the reaction liquid includes a pH adjuster that adjusts the pH of the reaction liquid from a pH that is acidic to a pH that is in a range of neutral to alkaline, and
in the adhering of the reaction liquid, an epoxy-based adhesive is used for at least a portion of a reaction liquid passage for supplying the reaction liquid to an ink jet head, and a member in contact with the reaction liquid in the ink jet head, and the reaction liquid is discharged from the ink jet head so as to adhere to the recording medium.

US Pat. No. 10,391,801

INKJET RECORDING METHOD AND INKJET RECORDING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An inkjet recording method comprising:forming an ink image by ejecting ink on an ejection receiving medium by an inkjet head comprising a recording element substrate having an element which generates energy that is utilized for ejecting ink, a pressure chamber which has the element in the inside, and an ejection port which ejects ink, wherein the ink is circulated between the inside of the pressure chamber and the outside of the pressure chamber; and
removing at least a portion of a liquid component from the ink image by bringing a liquid absorbing member into contact with the ink image,
wherein the ink contains 5% by mass or more to 30% by mass or less of a water-soluble organic solvent having a boiling point of 110° C. or more, and
50% by mass or more of the water-soluble organic solvent contained in the ink image and having a boiling point of 110° C. or more is removed from the ink image in the removal of at least a portion of a liquid component from the ink image.

US Pat. No. 10,391,800

LIQUID EJECTION HEAD

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A liquid ejection head, comprising:a first head unit;
a second head unit disposed adjacent to the first head unit in a first direction; and
a heat uniforming unit shared by the first head unit and the second head unit,
the first head unit and the second head unit each comprising:
a unit body comprising an actuator configured to cause ejection of liquid from a plurality of nozzles;
a first driver integrated circuit disposed on a first side of the unit body in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction, the first driver integrated circuit being configured to drive the actuator, the first side and a second side being opposite sides of the first head unit in the second direction, and
a second driver integrated circuit disposed on the second side of the unit body in the second direction and configured to drive the actuator,
the heat uniforming unit comprising:
a first heat uniforming member disposed on the first side of the first head unit and the second head unit in the second direction and is in thermal contact with the first driver integrated circuit; and
a second heat uniforming member disposed on the second side of the first head unit and the second head unit in the second direction and is in thermal contact with the second driver integrated circuit,
the first heat uniforming member and the second heat uniforming member being different members independent of each other, and
the first heat uniforming member and the second heat uniforming member being in thermal contact with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,391,799

INKJET PRINTER AND INKJET PRINT HEAD

ROLAND DG CORPORATION, S...

1. An inkjet printer comprising:one or a plurality of heads including actuators that cause an ink to be ejected;
one or a plurality of drive signal generators, including a first electronic component and a second electronic component, that generate a drive signal that drives the actuators; and
a cooling device that cools at least the first electronic component and the second electronic component; wherein
the first electronic component generates a greater amount of heat than the second electronic component when generating the drive signal;
the cooling device includes:
a first heat sink including wall members, a first end, and a second end, the wall members including a first wall member and a second wall member each including an outer wall, the first heat sink having a tubular shape defined by the wall members and being open at the first end and the second end; and
a first cooling fan including an inner air blowing portion, disposed so as to face the first end of the first heat sink, and an outer air blowing portion, disposed outwardly relative to the inner air blowing portion, the first cooling fan directing air flow at least through an interior of the first heat sink and along the outer wall of the first wall member; wherein:
the first electronic component is in contact with the outer wall of the first wall member; and
the second electronic component is in contact with the outer wall of the second wall member.

US Pat. No. 10,391,798

LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A liquid ejecting apparatus which ejects liquid onto a medium, the liquid ejecting apparatus comprising:a carriage which includes a control unit which controls driving of the entire liquid ejecting apparatus and which includes a control substrate, an ejecting unit which ejects the liquid, and a driving substrate which is connected to the control substrate and the ejecting unit, and drives the ejecting unit,
wherein the carriage is provided with a fixing unit which fixes a position of the driving substrate with respect to a position of the ejecting unit,
wherein the carriage is further provided with a load absorbing unit which absorbs a physical load with respect to the ejecting unit from the driving substrate side, the load absorbing unit being interposed between the electing unit and the driving substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,391,797

LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A liquid ejecting apparatus which ejects liquid onto a medium, the liquid ejecting apparatus comprising:a carriage which includes a control substrate configuring at least a part of a control unit which controls driving of the entire liquid ejecting apparatus, an ejecting unit which ejects the liquid, and a driving substrate which is connected to the control substrate and the ejecting unit, and drives the ejecting unit,
wherein the carriage is provided with a load absorbing unit which absorbs a physical load with respect to the ejecting unit from the driving substrate side, the load absorbing unit being interposed between the ejecting unit and the driving substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,391,796

RECORDING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A recording apparatus comprising:a recording unit that performs recording on a medium being transported in a first direction;
a medium feeding unit that is positioned in a second direction opposite to the first direction of the recording unit, includes a medium supporting unit, and transmits the supported medium to a side of the first direction; and
a medium reversing unit that reverses the medium being transmitted in the second direction after the recording of the recording unit, and transmits the medium to the side of the first direction,
wherein the medium feeding unit includes
a first guide unit that is positioned on a side of the second direction of the medium supporting unit and forms a first guide surface in the downward slope toward the first direction, and
a power transmission unit that transmits a driving power from a power source of the medium reversing unit to the medium reversing unit, and
at least a part of the first guide unit in a vertical direction overlaps with the power transmission unit.

US Pat. No. 10,391,795

TARGET TRANSPORT APPARATUS AND LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A target transport apparatus comprising:a transport unit that includes a plurality of pinching portions disposed at intervals along a width direction that intersects with a transport direction of a target, the transport unit imparting a transport force on the target by the plurality of pinching portions pinching the target at a plurality of pinched areas; and
a transport amount detection unit, disposed at a location downstream from the plurality of pinching portions in the transport direction within a boundary of a width of one of the plurality of pinching portions, wherein the transport amount detection unit detects an amount by which the target is transported, and
wherein the transport amount detection unit is configured to capture an image of a surface of the target at a location that corresponds to at least one of the pinched areas of the target along the transport direction.

US Pat. No. 10,391,794

DEFECT DETECTION FOR PRINT MEDIA

1. An apparatus for defect detection in a sheet printing system, comprising:a sheet sensing transport path;
a first and a second sheet quality detection device positioned along the sheet sensing transport path and configured for sensing sheets on the sheet sensing transport path, the first and second sheet quality detection devices defining respectively a first and a second sheet rejection threshold to which a sensed sheet is compared for determining its suitability for printing;
a controller configured to designate each sheet in a print job on each pass of a sheet over the sheet sensing transport path to one of the first and the second sheet quality detection devices, such that each sheet is sensed by its designated one of the first and the second sheet quality detection devices.

US Pat. No. 10,391,793

INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An information processing apparatus, comprising:a display control unit configured to cause a display unit to display a first selection screen on which can be selected first print target data as print target data if a first selection item is selected via a predetermined screen, wherein, if a second selection item is selected via the predetermined screen, the display control unit causes the display unit to display a second selection screen on which can be selected second target data as the print target data, wherein the predetermined screen is displayed before the first and second selection screens are displayed;
a determination unit configured to automatically determine a first sheet attribute as a sheet attribute if the first selection item is selected via the predetermined screen, wherein, if the second selection item is selected via the predetermined screen, the determination unit automatically determines a second sheet attribute as the sheet attribute; and
a transmitting unit configured to transmit data to cause an image forming apparatus to print after the print target data is selected using the first or second selection screen,
wherein if the first sheet attribute is determined as the sheet attribute by the determination unit and the determined first sheet attribute corresponds to at least one of first sheet information set in a first sheet tray of the image forming apparatus and second sheet information set in a second sheet tray of the image forming apparatus, print processing based on the transmitted data is executed,
wherein, if the first sheet attribute is determined as the sheet attribute by the determination unit and the determined first sheet attribute corresponds to neither the first sheet information set in the first sheet tray of the image forming apparatus nor the second sheet information set in the second sheet tray of the image forming apparatus, a third selection item including, as a display content, the first sheet information set in the first sheet tray of the image forming apparatus and a fourth selection item including, as the display content, the second sheet information set in the second sheet tray of the image forming apparatus, are displayed concurrently, and
wherein, if the third selection item is selected, a print processing corresponding to the third selection item is executed, while, if the fourth selection item is selected, a print processing corresponding to the fourth selection item is executed.

US Pat. No. 10,391,792

MEDIUM SPEED DETECTION DEVICE AND PRINTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A medium speed detection device comprising:a radiation optical system that radiates non-coherent light to a sheet-shaped medium which is being transported;
a linear light reception optical system that includes n light reception units (where n is an integer equal to or greater than 2) receiving diffused/reflected light of the non-coherent light from the medium through light reception surfaces and in which the n light reception surfaces are arranged on an imaginary straight line in a transport direction of the medium; and
a speed detection unit that obtains a speed of the medium based on a delay time obtained from a temporal correlation between an output of preceding light reception units with preceding light reception surfaces disposed on an upstream side in the transport direction and an output of following light reception units with following light reception surfaces disposed on a downstream side among the n light reception units,
wherein the n light reception surfaces are arranged at positions at which intervals are mutually different on the straight line.

US Pat. No. 10,391,791

MEDIUM TRANSPORT UNIT, RECORDING APPARATUS, AND IMAGE READING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A medium transporting mechanism comprising:an upstream route configured to transport a recorded medium that is recorded upon by a recording head configured to discharge droplets,
a first switchback route configured to switch back the recorded medium transported from the upstream route,
a first guide route configured to transport the recorded medium from the upstream route to the first switchback route,
a first upstream reversing route configured to reverse and transport the recorded medium switched back from the first switchback route, and
a downstream reversing route configured to continue reversing and transporting the recorded medium transported from the first upstream reversing route,
wherein the first switchback route extends in a first direction,
wherein the downstream reversing route extends in the first direction and then reverses and extends in a second direction opposite to the first direction, and
wherein the recorded medium is transported by the downstream reversing route, transported to a post-processing section that executes post-processing on the recorded medium.

US Pat. No. 10,391,790

INKJET PRINTER, DYE PRINTING METHOD, AND INK

MIMAKI ENGINEERING CO., L...

1. An ink, comprising:a solvent;
particles of a thermoplastic resin dispersed in the solvent and including a dye; and
small particles of a thermoplastic resin dispersed in the solvent and having a particle diameter smaller than that of the particles, wherein
the small particles have a glass-transition point lower than that of the particles.

US Pat. No. 10,391,789

NEGOTIABLE INSTRUMENTS WITH INTELLIGENT MICROPRINT

Deluxe Corporation, Shor...

1. A device configured to be operated by an operator for printing a plurality of negotiable instruments according to a customer order, the device comprising:a user interface configured to receive identification information relating to the customer order from the operator, the identification information including information specific to printing of the plurality of negotiable instruments as execution of the customer order;
an image generator configured to generate images each to be printed at a microprint level on each negotiable instrument of at least a subset of multiple negotiable instruments of the plurality of negotiable instruments, the images each including an intelligent microprint identifier generated using at least the identification information received from the operator; and
a printing module configured to print the plurality of negotiable instruments, each negotiable instrument of the plurality of negotiable instruments including an image of the generated images.

US Pat. No. 10,391,788

ELEMENT SUBSTRATE, PRINTHEAD, AND PRINTING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An element substrate comprising:a plurality of printing elements configured to discharge liquid;
a plurality of first driving elements disposed in correspondence with the plurality of printing elements and configured to drive the plurality of printing elements;
a plurality of heating elements configured to heat the element substrate, the heating elements not causing liquid discharge from the printing elements;
a plurality of second driving elements disposed in correspondence with the plurality of heating elements and configured to drive the plurality of heating elements;
a plurality of latch circuits disposed in correspondence with the plurality of second driving elements, and configured to output heat data signals to the plurality of second driving elements based on latch signals; and
a delay unit configured to delay timing of driving the plurality of second driving elements to drive the plurality of second driving elements at a predetermined time difference when driving the plurality of second driving elements simultaneously,
wherein the delay unit comprises a plurality of delay circuits disposed in correspondence with the plurality of latch circuits and configured to delay either the latch signals or the heat data signals.

US Pat. No. 10,391,787

INKJET PRINTER

ROLAND DG CORPORATION, S...

1. An inkjet printer, comprising:a recording head including:
a first color ink head including a plurality of nozzles through which first ink of a first color is ejected towards a recording medium to form ink dots of the first ink of the first color on the recording medium;
a second color ink head including a plurality of nozzles through which first ink of a second color is ejected towards the recording medium to form ink dots of the first ink of the second color on the recording medium; and
a second ink ink head including a plurality of nozzles through which second ink is ejected towards the recording medium to form ink dots of the second ink on the recording medium;
a transporter to move the recording head and the recording medium with respect to each other; and
a controller connected with the recording head and the transporter to control the recording head and the transporter; wherein
the controller is configured or programmed to include:
a first extractor to extract a first underlying layer dot group from the ink dots of the first ink of the first color such that a ratio of the first underlying layer dot group with respect to the ink dots of the first ink of the first color is a first extraction ratio;
a second extractor to extract a second underlying layer dot group from the ink dots of the first ink of the second color such that a ratio of the second underlying layer dot group with respect to the ink dots of the first ink of the second color is a second extraction ratio;
a first printing controller configured or programmed to form a first printing layer, on the recording medium, of at least the first underlying layer dot group, the second underlying layer dot group and the ink dots of the second ink; and
at least one additional printing controller to form at least one additional printing layer, above or below the first printing layer, of an image dot group including at least the ink dots, of the first ink of the first color, other than the first underlying layer dot group and the ink dots, of the first ink of the second color, other than the second underlying layer dot group.

US Pat. No. 10,391,786

PRINT INCONSISTENCY QUANTIFICATION

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A method for quantifying printing inconsistencies, the method comprising:printing, using at least one printing unit, first and second test patterns onto a print medium, the first test pattern progressing from less dense to more dense in a first direction and the second test pattern progressing from less dense to more dense in a second direction, the second direction opposite the first direction;
determining a location along one of the first direction or the second direction at which a first visual density of the first test pattern is at least substantially equal to a second visual density of the second test pattern; and
performing a print density correction based on the determined location.

US Pat. No. 10,391,785

SHRINK-PRINT METHOD FOR DETECTING AND COMPENSATING FOR DEFECTIVE PRINTING NOZZLES IN AN INKJET PRINTING MACHINE

Heidelberger Druckmaschin...

1. A method for detecting and compensating for defective printing nozzles in an inkjet printing machine, the method comprising the following steps:using a computer to shrink an image height of a digitally available image to an image height of a print control strip while leaving an image width uninfluenced;
printing the shrunk digital image onto a printing substrate;
using at least one image sensor to record the printed shrunk digital image;
using the computer to compare the recorded image with the shrunk digital image;
using the computer to detect defective printing nozzles for the digital image based on the comparison and compensating for the detected defective printing nozzles; and
printing the digital image by using defective printing nozzle compensation on a subsequent printing substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,391,784

CONCEALING MISSING NOZZLES

Kornit Digital Ltd., Ros...

1. Method for digital printing of a substrate with immobilization of the color printing ink, the method comprising:finding failed printing nozzles;
carrying out immobilization treatment over the substrate without using at least some of nozzles neighboring a failed printing nozzle; and
printing the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,391,783

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INKJET PRINTING MACHINE

Heidelberger Druckmaschin...

1. A method for operating an inkjet printing machine, which comprises the steps of:providing a refractometer;
determining a condition of a pigmented ink by performing the further steps of:
measuring a value of a refractive index of the pigmented ink with the refractometer;
determining a sedimentation and/or agglomeration of the pigmented ink based on a deviation of the value of the refractive index from a reference value of the refractive index of the pigmented ink by comparing the value of the refractive index with a stored reference value with a computer;
initiating a corrective measure in the printing machine for reducing the refractive index when the deviation exceeds a selected deviation;
comparing a measured, sedimentation-dependent and/or agglomeration-dependent refractive index with at least one stored type-specific refractive index for determining a type of ink;
starting a print job by applying ink with a print head of the printing machine when the deviation is below an acceptable level.

US Pat. No. 10,391,782

RECORDING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A recording apparatus which ejects different types of ink on a medium, the apparatus comprising:a recording head;
a collected ink storage unit which collects and stores ink ejected from the recording head for each of the types of the ink;
an ink supplement flow path through which virgin ink is supplied to the collected ink storage unit according to an amount of the ink collected from the recording head to the collected ink storage unit;
a diluted solution flow path through which a diluted solution is supplied to the collected ink storage unit according to viscosity of the ink of the collected ink storage unit; and
an ink supply flow path through which the ink stored in the collected ink storage unit is supplied to the recording head.

US Pat. No. 10,391,781

PRINTHEAD THAT EVACUATES AIR FROM A SUPPLY MANIFOLD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A printhead comprising:a main body comprising an elongated member made from a rigid material; and
a stack of plates affixed to an interface surface of the main body, wherein the stack of plates forms a row of jetting channels configured to jet droplets of a print fluid;
wherein the main body includes:
an inlet surface that is opposite the interface surface;
a first supply port and a second supply port on the inlet surface configured to connect to a fluid reservoir via hoses to receive the print fluid from the fluid reservoir, wherein the first supply port and the second supply port are separated by a distance along a length of the main body;
a supply manifold configured to provide a fluid path for the print fluid to the row of jetting channels, wherein the supply manifold is formed by:
a manifold duct cut along a length of the interface surface of the main body from a first end to a second end, wherein a length of the manifold duct is at least as long as the row of jetting channels;
a first fluid passage that fluidly couples the first supply port to the first end of the manifold duct; and
a second fluid passage that fluidly couples the second supply port to the second end of the manifold duct;
a cavity that runs the length of the manifold duct; and
a semi-permeable membrane disposed between the cavity and the manifold duct along the length of the manifold duct.

US Pat. No. 10,391,780

INKJET RECORDING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An inkjet recording apparatus comprising:a recording head having an ejection port surface provided with a plurality of ejection ports for ejecting ink, and configured to perform a recording operation;
an ink receiving portion configured to receive the ink ejected from the plurality of ejection ports;
an ink storage container including:
an ink containing chamber configured to contain ink to be supplied to the recording head,
an air communication port configured to communicate with air, and
a buffer chamber that can temporarily retain ink, located below the ink containing chamber and provided between the ink containing chamber and the air communication port, the ink containing chamber, the air communication port, and the buffer chamber being integrally formed, and
an ink return path configured to connect the ink receiving portion and the buffer chamber and cause the ink to be returned from the ink receiving portion to the buffer chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,391,779

LIQUID DISCHARGE APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A liquid discharge apparatus comprising:a plurality of liquid discharge heads to discharge liquid; and
a plurality of head tanks communicating with the plurality of liquid discharge heads, respectively,
each of the plurality of head tanks including a liquid chamber to store the liquid and a gas chamber separated from the liquid chamber by a diaphragm, and
the gas chamber of one of the plurality of head tanks communicating with the gas chamber of another of the plurality of head tanks.

US Pat. No. 10,391,778

LIQUID CARTRIDGE PROVIDED WITH DEFORMABLE MEMBER, MOVABLE MEMBER, AND URGING MEMBER FOR DETECTION OF REMAINING AMOUNT OF LIQUID

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A liquid cartridge comprising:a casing including a front wall and a liquid chamber configured to store liquid therein, the liquid chamber being configured such that an internal pressure of the liquid chamber is reduced in accordance with outflow of liquid from the liquid chamber;
a liquid supply portion extending from the chamber in a forward direction;
a deformable member protruding from the casing in a cross direction that crosses the forward direction and a rearward direction and having an internal space that is in communication with the liquid chamber, the deformable member having such an elasticity that a dimension of the deformable member in the cross direction becomes smaller in accordance with the reduction in the internal pressure of the liquid chamber;
a movable member including a contact portion configured to contact the deformable member, the contact portion being in contact with the deformable member and disposed at one of a position further forward relative to the deformable member and a position further rearward relative to the deformable member.

US Pat. No. 10,391,777

PRINTING-FLUID CARTRIDGE HAVING INTERFERING SURFACE, AND SET OF THE PRINTING-FLUID CARTRIDGES

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A set of printing-fluid cartridges each configured to be inserted into a prescribed insertion space of a cartridge-attachment section in an insertion direction crossing a gravitational direction to be attached to the cartridge-attachment section in an attached posture, the set of printing-fluid cartridges comprising a first printing-fluid cartridge, a second printing-fluid cartridge and a third printing-fluid cartridge,wherein:
the first printing-fluid cartridge stores printing fluid of a first type and the second printing-fluid cartridge stores printing fluid of a second type different from the first type, the third printing-fluid cartridge storing printing fluid of a third type different from the first type and the second type;
each of the first printing-fluid cartridge, the second printing-fluid cartridge and the third printing-fluid cartridge comprising:
a housing defining a width in a widthwise direction perpendicular to the insertion direction and the gravitational direction in the attached posture, the housing comprising:
a storage chamber configured to store printing fluid therein;
a front surface facing frontward in the insertion direction in the attached posture;
a rear surface away from the front surface in a removal direction opposite to the insertion direction in the attached posture, the rear surface facing rearward in the attached posture, the storage chamber being positioned between the front surface and the rear surface in the insertion direction in the attached posture; and
an upper surface positioned between the front surface and the rear surface in the insertion direction, the upper surface being positioned upward relative to the storage chamber and facing upward in the attached posture;
a supply portion provided at the front surface and having a supply hole, the printing fluid being configured to flow out of the storage chamber through the supply hole in the insertion direction in the attached posture;
an electrical interface disposed at the upper surface and facing upward in the attached posture; and
an interfering surface positioned upward relative to the storage chamber in the attached posture, the interfering surface extending in the widthwise direction in the attached posture, the interfering surface being positioned downward and frontward in the insertion direction relative to the electrical interface in the attached posture, the interfering surface being configured to abut against a projection provided at another insertion space different from the prescribed insertion space of the cartridge-attachment section during an insertion of the printing-fluid cartridge into the another insertion space,
the upper surface of each of the printing-fluid cartridges has a first outer edge and a second outer edge opposite to each other in the widthwise direction; and
the interfering surface of the first printing-fluid cartridge is positioned closer to the first outer edge in the widthwise direction than the interfering surface of the second printing-fluid cartridge is to the first outer edge in the widthwise direction,
each of the printing-fluid cartridges defines an imaginary plane passing through a center of the electrical interface in the widthwise direction and extending parallel to the insertion direction and the gravitational direction;
the first printing-fluid cartridge and the third printing-fluid cartridge are configured to be inserted respectively into a first insertion space and a third insertion space positioned opposite to each other with respect to a second insertion space in the widthwise direction, the second printing-fluid cartridge being configured to be inserted into the second insertion space;
the interfering surface of the second printing-fluid cartridge is positioned on the imaginary plane in the widthwise direction;
the interfering surface of the first printing-fluid cartridge is positioned offset from the imaginary plane toward the first outer edge in the widthwise direction; and
the interfering surface of the third printing-fluid cartridge is positioned offset from the imaginary plane toward the second outer edge in the widthwise direction.

US Pat. No. 10,391,776

LIQUID STORAGE CONTAINER AND PRINTING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A liquid storage container comprising:a liquid storage chamber configured to store a liquid;
a support part provided in the liquid storage chamber; and
a rocking body having, on one hand, a float part that moves in accordance with a height of a liquid surface of the liquid within the liquid storage chamber via a supported part that is supported rotatably by the support part, and on the other hand, a detection target part that is used to detect an amount of the liquid within the liquid storage chamber, and configured to rock with the support part as a fulcrum,
wherein the detection target part is coupled to the supported part via an arm part, and
wherein the arm part extending from the detection target part and an another arm part extending from the float part both extend to a lower side in the vertical direction from the supported part.

US Pat. No. 10,391,775

FLUID CARTRIDGE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An ink cartridge for an inkjet printer, the cartridge comprising:a front face with interfaces, including an ink socket and an air socket, for connecting the cartridge to a cartridge receiving structure, the air socket accessing a pressure structure in an interior volume of the cartridge;
a bottom face comprising a latch stop and a latch track to guide and retain a latch of the cartridge receiving structure, the latch track comprising a locking track, an unlocking track and a latch re-direct wall that guides the latch into the unlocking track at ejection of the cartridge along a path that guides the latch past the latch stop, with a slot on either side of the latch re-direct wall extending into the bottom face beyond the latch re-direct wall in a direction away from the front face, a first slot on a first side of the latch re-direct wall being part of the locking track and a second slot on a second side of the latch re-direct wall being part of the unlocking track;
a guide interface, in the bottom face, for engaging a guide of the cartridge receiving structure for guiding the cartridge along a straight line for connecting the interfaces with the cartridge receiving structure;
a top face opposite the bottom face, the top face being at the top of the cartridge when the cartridge is connected to the cartridge receiving structure; and
an electrical circuit including a memory for storing cartridge data, an electrical interface of the electrical circuit comprising electrodes that extend in a plane perpendicular to the front face;
wherein the ink socket and the air socket are disposed on a vertical axis which is parallel to a side wall of the cartridge;
wherein an ejector alignment interface on the front face of the cartridge is also disposed on the vertical axis;
wherein the ejector alignment interface is disposed at a center of the front face of the cartridge between the electric circuit and the ink socket.

US Pat. No. 10,391,774

TANK ARRANGEABLE IN LIQUID CONSUMING APPARATUS

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A tank comprising:a liquid storing chamber which is configured to store liquid to be consumed in a liquid consuming apparatus;
a first wall expanding in a horizontal direction and in a direction having a vector component in an up-down direction, the liquid stored in the liquid storing chamber being visible, through the first wall, from outside of the liquid storing chamber;
a second wall including a supply port located above the first wall and being configured to supply the liquid to the liquid storing chamber therethrough;
a third wall defining a bottom of the liquid storing chamber; and
a fourth wall arranged in the liquid storing chamber,
wherein a first gap is formed between one of the first and second walls and at least a part of a first end in a first direction, of the fourth wall, which is located closely to the one of the first and second walls, the first direction being parallel to the first wall and parallel to the horizontal direction,
a second gap is formed between the third wall and at least a part of a second end in the first direction, of the fourth wall, which is located closely to the third wall, and
the first gap is formed over an entire area in the first direction of the first end.

US Pat. No. 10,391,773

LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A liquid ejecting apparatus comprising:a liquid ejecting head that has a nozzle configured to eject a liquid in a liquid ejecting direction and a plurality of surfaces including a nozzle surface in which the nozzle opens and a side surface that intersects the nozzle surface;
a wiping unit including a first wiping unit for wiping the nozzle surface in a wiping direction that the nozzle surface and the side surface extend and a second wiping unit for wiping the side surface in the wiping direction, the second wiping unit having a contact surface with a first portion and a second portion, the first portion being closer to the side surface than the second portion;
a moving mechanism configured to relatively move the wiping unit and the liquid ejecting head; and
a cleaning member including a cleaning section for cleaning the first wiping unit and the second wiping unit, wherein the cleaning section includes a cleaning surface that comes into contact with the contact surface when the cleaning section cleans the second wiping unit, and
wherein the cleaning surface is inclined to the contact surface as viewed from the liquid ejecting direction, the cleaning surface being configured to contact the first portion following the cleaning surface contacting the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,391,772

SILICON SUBSTRATE PROCESSING METHOD AND LIQUID EJECTION HEAD MANUFACTURING METHOD

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A silicon substrate processing method comprising:providing a silicon substrate with a sacrificial layer formed in a form of an island on a front surface thereof, the front surface being a surface on a side where a flow path of an ejection port for ejecting liquid is to be formed, the sacrificial layer having a higher etching rate than the silicon substrate;
forming a mask layer on a back surface of the silicon substrate, the back surface being a surface opposite from the front surface, the mask layer being a layer that does not include an opening at a portion of the back surface opposite from the sacrificial layer;
forming a non-penetrating hole from an opening on the back surface of the silicon substrate; and
forming a beam on the back surface side by performing anisotropic etching on the silicon substrate in which the non-penetrating hole is formed.

US Pat. No. 10,391,771

PRINT BAR

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A print bar, comprising:a reference element to align the print bar with a mounting structure of a printer;a flat elongate sheet metal portion with constant height whose length is larger than its width and whose width is larger than its height; anda plurality of plastic members detachably mounted to a mounting surface of the flat elongate sheet metal portion, the plurality of plastic members being spaced apart from each other in the length direction,
wherein the flat elongate sheet metal portion is a first flat elongate sheet metal portion and the print bar further comprises a second flat elongate sheet metal portion with constant height whose length is larger than its width and whose width is larger than its height, wherein the length directions of the first and the second sheet metal portions are parallel and where the width directions of the first and the second sheet metal portions are perpendicular.

US Pat. No. 10,391,770

LIQUID DISCHARGE HEAD, LIQUID DISCHARGE UNIT, AND DEVICE OF DISCHARGING LIQUID

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A liquid discharge head comprisinga flow path substrate including an individual liquid chamber communicating with a nozzle of discharging liquid; and
a holding substrate joined to the flow path substrate by an adhesive bond and having an opening communicating with the individual liquid chamber, wherein
the opening of the holding substrate has a wall surface crossing relative to a joining surface between the flow path substrate and the holding substrate,
an uneven portion is provided on the wall surface of the opening of the holding substrate, the uneven portion extending along a first direction that is parallel with the joining surface of the holding substrate and being arranged in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction, and
a part of the adhesive bond adheres to the uneven portion on the wall surface.

US Pat. No. 10,391,769

LIQUID EJECTING HEAD, LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS, AND PIEZOELECTRIC DEVICE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A liquid ejecting head that ejects a liquid in a pressure chamber by a piezoelectric device,the piezoelectric device including
a vibration plate,
a piezoelectric layer containing lead,
a first electrode provided between the vibration plate and the piezoelectric layer, and
a second electrode provided on a side opposite to a side of the first electrode as viewed from the piezoelectric layer, wherein
the piezoelectric layer is preferentially oriented in a (100) plane,
a lattice constant c defined by a crystal plane of the piezoelectric layer parallel to a film surface of the piezoelectric layer and a lattice constant a defined by a crystal plane perpendicular to the film surface satisfy 0.9945?c/a?1.012, and
a thickness of the piezoelectric device is twice or more a thickness t (t<5 ?m) of the piezoelectric layer.

US Pat. No. 10,391,768

PROCESS OF MANUFACTURING DROPLET JETTING DEVICES

1. A process of manufacturing droplet jetting devices comprising:bonding together a nozzle wafer defining nozzles of the jetting devices, a membrane wafer carrying, on a membrane, actuators for generating pressure waves in a liquid in pressure chambers that are connected to the nozzles, and a distribution wafer forming a distribution layer that defines supply lines for supplying the liquid to the pressure chambers from a liquid reservoir formed on a side of the distribution layer opposite to the membrane wafer; and
dicing the bonded wafers,
wherein the distribution layer has a thickness larger than a thickness of each of the membrane wafer and the nozzle wafer, and a restrictor for controlling an inertance of the supply lines is formed through the distribution layer in a direction normal to the plane of the distribution layer.

US Pat. No. 10,391,766

PRINTER AND METHOD TO ACTIVATE PRINT NOZZLES

1. A method to active print nozzles of an inkjet printer including a print head having print nozzles and respective actuators associated with each of the print nozzles, the method comprising:generating, by an actuator of the respective actuators, one or more conveying pulses to eject respective droplets of ink from the respective print nozzle;
determining a time interval between two conveying pulses of the one or more conveying pulses of one of the print nozzles;
selectively activating the actuator with one or more intermediate pulses based on the determined time interval, the one or more intermediate pulses having an amplitude and/or a duration that is less than an amplitude and/or a duration of the one or more conveying pulses, wherein the one or more intermediate pulses are configured such that no ink is ejected from the respective print nozzle with the one or more intermediate pulses.

US Pat. No. 10,391,764

ELEMENT SUBSTRATE, PRINTHEAD, AND PRINTING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An element substrate on which a plurality of print elements and a plurality of drive elements configured to drive the plurality of print elements are integrated, comprising:a plurality of function circuits configured to execute a plurality of functions necessary to execute a print operation;
a data discrimination circuit configured to receive a data signal from an outside, discriminate a type of data included in the received data signal, and transfer the received data signal to a corresponding function circuit of the plurality of function circuits in accordance with a result of the discrimination;
an error detection circuit configured to receive the data signal and detect whether a transfer error occurs in the received data signal; and
a control circuit configured to control to reflect a detection result of the error detection circuit in a latch signal received from the outside and a reset signal received from the outside and, in accordance with the functions executed by the plurality of function circuits, cause some function circuits of the plurality of function circuits to latch the transferred data signal by the latch signal on which the detection result is reflected and cause remaining function circuits of the plurality of function circuits to reset the transferred data signal by the reset signal in which the detection result is reflected.

US Pat. No. 10,391,763

INKJET PRINTING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING SUBSTRATES

MEYER BURGER (NETHERLANDS...

1. An inkjet printing system configured to inkjet patterns of liquid material on substrates that each have a length and a width or, alternatively, a diameter, wherein each substrate includes at least two substrate reference marks that are spaced from each other at a distance which is larger than at least half of the length, the width or the diameter of the substrate, the inkjet printing system including:at least one chuck on which a substrate can be placed, each chuck having a length and a width or, alternatively, a diameter and including at least two visual chuck reference marks that are spaced apart from each other at a distance which is larger than at least half of the length, the width or the diameter of the chuck;
at least one inkjet printing head that includes at least one nozzle that is configured to discharge liquid when the nozzle is fired by a control signal;
a printing motion assembly that supports at least one of the at least one chuck and the at least one inkjet printing head so that a two dimensional printing area on the at least one chuck can be covered with liquid discharged by the at least one printing head; and
an electronic controller assembly configured to produce control signals to fire the at least one nozzle and configured to control the printing motion assembly for positioning the at least one printing head relative to the at least one chuck so that the positioning variation with which the liquid is deposited relative to the chuck is less than a first threshold value,wherein:each reference mark of the at least one chuck is associated with an associated camera that is directed to the associated chuck reference mark, each camera having a two dimensional matrix of camera pixels, each pixel having a pixel coordinate;
each chuck includes a placement area extending within a boundary; and
when a substrate has been placed in or on the placement area of a said chuck, each camera that is associated with a chuck reference mark is also associated with an associated substrate reference mark in that an image taken with a said camera includes an associated chuck reference mark and an associated substrate reference mark, and
the controller assembly is configured:
to control the at least two cameras to take a set of images each instance a substrate has been placed on that chuck, wherein each camera takes a single image of the set of images, wherein each single image of the set of images includes an associated chuck reference mark and an associated substrate reference mark;
to determine, for each set of images, the position of the chuck relative to the at least two cameras by detecting, for each image of the set of images, the position of a said chuck reference mark with respect to the camera pixel coordinates of a said associated camera;
to determine, for each set of images, the position of the substrate relative to the at least two cameras by detecting, for each image of the set of images, the position of a said substrate reference mark with respect to the camera pixel coordinates of a said associated camera; and
to use these two position determinations to calculate, for each set of images, the substrate position relative to the chuck reference marks and thus relative to the chuck with an accuracy of less than a second threshold value and, based on that relative position, subsequently time the firing of the at least one nozzle of the at least one printing head and control the movement of the printing motion assembly so that the liquid discharged by the inkjet printing head is positioned on the substrate with a positioning variation which is less than the sum of the first and the second threshold values.

US Pat. No. 10,391,762

PAGE WIDE ARRAY PRINTER

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A page-wide array printer for printing on a substrate an image made of columns of image data such that the first column of each image is positioned at a same predetermined position on a substrate, the printer comprising:a print bar along which a plurality of nozzles is provided, the nozzles dynamically adjustable in relation to a width of a substrate such that which of the nozzles is positioned over a lateral position of the substrate is adjustable; and
a controller to:
select a nozzle among a subset of the nozzles according to a rule to randomly select the nozzle among the subset of nozzles when the controller periodically dynamically adjusts the nozzles such that a first data column of the image is input to the selected nozzle;
transmit the image data to be printed to the print bar such that the first data column of the image is input to the selected nozzle and separate data columns of the image are input respectively to adjacent nozzles of the selected nozzle to enable the nozzles to collectively print the image; and
position the print bar and the substrate relative to each other such that the selected nozzle is laterally positioned in alignment with the predetermined position on the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,391,761

PRINTING ASSEMBLY FOR DIRECT AND INDIRECT INKJET PRINTING

1. An inkjet printing assembly configured for direct inkjet printing and for indirect inkjet printing, the assembly comprising:a transport path for transporting a print medium;
a control unit for selecting the print medium, wherein the print medium is selectable from a group comprising a recording medium and an intermediate medium;
an inkjet print station arranged along the transport path for providing droplets of a liquid on the print medium;
a transfer station, the transfer station being configured for transferring the droplets of the liquid from the print medium to a recording medium, if the print medium is an intermediate medium; and
a recording medium output station for receiving the recording medium,
wherein the inkjet printing assembly is further configured to perform both indirect and direct inkjet printing, and
wherein the inkjet print station is configured to provide droplets of ink on both the recording medium and the intermediate medium.

US Pat. No. 10,391,760

METHOD FOR THE CONTROL OF THE ROTATIONAL SPEED FOR A DRIVE DEVICE OF A PRINTING ROLL

1. A method for the control of rotational speed for a drive device of a printing roll with a resilient printing sleeve of a flexo printing press comprising the following steps: adjusting a first adjusting value such that in a crimping situation the printing roll is moved towards a counter printing roll and a printing gap lying in between the printing roller and the counter printing roller is decreased after banding of the resilient printing sleeve at the printing medium;subsequently crimping of the resilient printing sleeve occurs during an alteration of the first adjusting value to a second adjusting value,
determination of a first rotational speed (V1) of the printing roll in a simulated neutral gear condition without an active drive device with the first adjusting value,
determination of a second rotational speed (V2) of the printing roll in the simulated neutral gear condition without an active drive device with the second adjusting value,
generation of a control curve of the rotational speed related to the first adjusting value and the second adjusting value on the basis of the determination steps, controlling of the rotational speed of the printing roll with an active drive device based on the control curve wherein the crimping leads to a variation of the rotational speed of the printing roll.

US Pat. No. 10,391,759

ROTOGRAVURE PRINTING SYSTEM AND THE PREPARATION AND USE THEREOF

Paramount International S...

1. A method of operating a rotogravure printing system comprising a machine provided with at least one rotatable shaft and an end plate for transfer of shaft rotation to a cylinder sleeve,which system further comprises a first rotogravure cylinder sleeve having a first base and a first gravure at a printing surface comprising a first outside layer package deposited over the first base and a second rotogravure cylinder sleeve having a second base and a second gravure at a printing surface comprising a second outside layer package deposited over the second base,
said first base and second base being of the same size while said first printing surface and said second printing surface are of different outside diameter sizes,
each first and second base contains aluminum or aluminum alloy,
each first and second outside layer package comprises at least one high-velocity thermally sprayed copper or copper alloy layer, and each layer of the first layer package and the second layer package has a hardness greater than the base, and
said rotogravure cylinder sleeves are to be rotated by means of the at least one shaft and an end plate coupled thereto,
which method comprises:
(a) assembling the end plate and the first rotogravure cylinder sleeve, which end plate is provided with at least one contact surface that is designed for contact with a mating contact surface defined at an inner side of each of the cylinder sleeves,
(b) mounting the end plate and the first rotogravure cylinder sleeve onto the shaft;
(c) carrying out a first printing operation, comprising the step of rotating the at least one shaft, and therewith the first rotogravure cylinder, so as to print the substrate in accordance with the gravure of the first rotogravure cylinder sleeve, and thereafter,
(d) disassembling the end plate and the first rotogravure cylinder sleeve,
(e) assembling the end plate with the second rotogravure cylinder sleeve, and
(f) carrying out a second printing operation with the gravure of the second rotogravure cylinder sleeve.

US Pat. No. 10,391,758

SUSTAINABLE LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING PLATE

AGFA NV, Mortsel (BE)

1. A method of preparing a lithographic printing plate comprising the steps of:jetting liquid droplets onto a lithographic support to define a printing area that corresponds to a raster image; and
curing the jetted liquid droplets on the lithographic support to define a plurality of cured drops as the printing area; wherein
the raster image includes a section having a tone-value from 90% to 100%;
after the step of curing, the jetted liquid droplets in a portion of the printing area that corresponds to the section having the tone-value from 90% to 100% do not contact each other at a top of the jetted liquid droplets; and
when the section of the raster image has a tone-value of 100%, the portion of the printing area has a tone-value of no more than 98%.

US Pat. No. 10,391,757

DEVICE FOR FACILITATING REPETITIVE MANUFACTURE OF PARTS HAVING PRECISIONALLY POSITIONED COMPONENTS WITH A THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECT PRINTER

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A printer that enables repetitive manufacture of three-dimensionally printed objects having precisely positioned parts comprising:a support member configured to support a three-dimensional object to be formed by a three-dimensional object printer;
at least one positioning member mounted to the support member, the at least one positioning member being configured to hold a component at a predetermined position with reference to the support member and the at least one positioning member having a first positioning member mounted to the support member, the first positioning member being configured to hold a first optical lens at a first predetermined position with reference to the support member, and a second positioning member mounted to the support member, the second positioning member being configured to hold a second optical lens at a second predetermined position with reference to the support member, a distance between the first predetermined position and the second predetermined position corresponds to a focal length between the first optical lens and the second optical lens;
at least one printhead configured to eject drops of material towards the support member;
an actuator operatively connected to the at least one printhead; and
a controller operatively connected to the at least one printhead and the actuator, the controller being configured to operate the actuator to move the at least one printhead over the support member and to operate the printhead to eject drops of material towards the support member to form the three-dimensional object about the first optical lens held by the first positioning member of the at least one positioning member and the second optical lens held by the second positioning member of the at least one positioning member to incorporate the first optical lens and the second optical lens within the three-dimensional object without adhering the three-dimensional object to the first positioning member and the second positioning member of the at least one positioning member after the three-dimensional object is formed about the first optical lens and the second optical lens.

US Pat. No. 10,391,756

PORTABLE 3D PRINTER

1. A portable 3D printer system comprising an upper surface plate (1) having a moving motor at an upper end of the portable 3D printer system and a lower surface plate (4) having an electronic circuit at a lower end of the portable 3D printer system with respect to a vertical support plate (2) provided with an up and down moving plate (3), comprising:a first rectangular support plate (12) which is formed on one end of the upper surface plate (1);
a second rectangular support plate (28) which is provided on an upper end of the vertical support plate (2);
a third rectangular support plate (29) which is provided on a lower end of the vertical support plate (2);
a fourth rectangular support plate (41) which is formed on one end of the lower surface plate (4);
an up and down rotation shaft (24) which is provided vertically on a middle of the vertical support plate (2);
the up and down moving plate (3) which moves up and down by the up and down rotation shaft (24);
a fifth rectangular support plate (31) which is provided on the up and down moving plate (3);
a sixth rectangular support plate (32) which is provided on one end of the fifth rectangular support plate (31), said sixth rectangular support plate (32) configured to be rotated upward on a rotation base shaft (33);
an upper surface protruding plate (11) which is protruding from the center of the first rectangular support plate (12);
an upper surface support (27) having a groove formed in the center of the second rectangular support plate (28) into which the upper surface protruding plate (11) is inserted;
a rotary shaft (6) which is provided so that the upper surface protruding plate (11) inserted between the upper surface support (27) rotates with respect to the upper surface support (27) on a rotation axis;
a lower surface protrusion (42) which is protruding from the middle of the fourth rectangular support plate (41);
a lower surface support (26), on a center of which a groove is formed so that the lower surface protrusion (42) is inserted; and
a rotation base shaft (7) which is provided such that the lower surface support (26) rotates with respect to the lower surface protruding portion (42) on a second rotation axis,
wherein, when the portable 3D printer system is in use, the upper surface plate (1) is rotated at the upper end of the vertical support (2) so that the first rectangular support plate (12) and the second rectangular support plate (28) are engaged with each other and thus are stably fixed at an inner angle of 90°, and the lower surface plate (4) is rotated at the lower end of the vertical support plate (2) so that the third rectangular support plate (29) and the fourth rectangular support plate (41) are engaged with each other and thus are stably fixed at an inner angle of 90°, and
when the portable 3D printer system is in a carry position, the portable 3D printer system is configured in a way such that the vertical support plate (2) and the up and down moving plate (3), and the upper surface plate (1) and the lower surface plate (4) are folded so that the upper surface plate (1) and the vertical support plate (2) are folded between the lower surface plate (4) and the up and down moving plate (3).

US Pat. No. 10,391,755

SOLID FREEFORM FABRICATION MATERIAL SET, METHOD OF FABRICATING SOLID FREEFORM OBJECT, METHOD OF FABRICATING DENTAL PROSTHESIS, AND DEVICE FOR FABRICATING SOLID FREEFORM OBJECT

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A method of fabricating a solid freeform object, the method comprising:forming a layer of a material A comprising a polymerization initiator A, a polymerizable compound A, and at least one of an organic particle and an inorganic particle;
applying a material B comprising a polymerizable compound B to a predetermined area of the layer of material A such that a layer of a cured product of the material A and the material B is obtained; and
repeating the forming of the material A and the applying of the material B,
wherein both the material A and the material B are liquid, and
wherein a volume average particle diameter of the at least one of the organic particle and the inorganic particle of the material A is less than 1 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,391,753

METHODS AND KEYWAY SUPPORTS FOR ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

General Electric Company,...

16. A method for fabricating an object, comprising:(a) irradiating a layer of powder in a powder bed to form a fused region;
(b) providing a subsequent layer of powder over the powder bed by passing a recoater arm over the powder bed from a first side of the powder bed;
(c) repeating steps (a) and (b) until the object and at least one support structure is formed in the powder bed, wherein the at least one support structure and the object have a first orientation, wherein the object comprises a cavity having an outlet, and wherein the at least one support structure is positioned within the cavity;
(d) rotating the support structure to a second orientation, wherein the rotating the support structure comprises rotating the support structure approximately 90 degrees; and
(e) removing the support structure from the object by passing the support structure through the outlet of the object.