US Pat. No. 10,797,380

UNIVERSAL RRU MOUNTING ASSEMBLY

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. An assembly for mounting one or more RRUs to a mounting structure, comprising:first and second mounting panels, each of the first and second mounting panels having a main body and two flanges that extend generally perpendicularly to the main body with an open-ended gap between the flanges, the main body including mounting apertures patterned for mounting of an RRU;
a mounting foundation having side edges, each of the side edges having an open-ended slot, wherein the mounting foundation is a pipe clamp; and
mounting members extending from the flanges away from the main body of each of the first and second mounting panels, the mounting members configured to enter the open-ended slots on the mounting foundation and slide therein, and
fasteners cooperating with the mounting members to mount the first and second mounting panels to the mounting foundation,
wherein the mounting members and the fasteners are threaded, and
wherein the open-ended gap between the flanges prevents the mounting foundation from interfering with the sliding action of the mounting members as the mounting members are slid into the open-ended slots.

US Pat. No. 10,797,379

ANTENNA STRUCTURE

QUANTA COMPUTER INC., Gu...

1. An antenna structure, comprising:a nonconductive supporting element;
a feeding radiation element, having a feeding point;
a first radiation element, coupled to the feeding point;
a second radiation element, coupled to the feeding radiation element;
a third radiation element, coupled to the feeding radiation element, wherein a slot region is formed between the second radiation element and the third radiation element;
a fourth radiation element, coupled to a ground voltage, wherein a coupling gap is formed between the fourth radiation element and the third radiation element; and
a tuning radiation element, coupled to the fourth radiation element;
wherein the feeding radiation element, the first radiation element, the second radiation element, the third radiation element, the fourth radiation element, and the tuning radiation element are all disposed on the nonconductive supporting element.

US Pat. No. 10,797,378

SMART WATCH AND ANTENNA SIGNAL PROCESSING CIRCUIT AND METHOD THEREOF

GOERTEK INC., Shandong P...

1. An antenna signal processing circuit of a smart watch, wherein the antenna signal processing circuit comprises: a sensor module, a microprocessor, an antenna body, and an antenna tuning circuit having a plurality of tuning paths; the antenna signal processing circuit further comprises a first switch element, wherein the first switch element comprises a controlling end, a movable contact and a plurality of stationary contacts; the antenna tuning circuit is connected between a smart watch signal source and the antenna body; the microprocessor is respectively connected to the sensor module and the antenna tuning circuit; the movable contact of the first switch element is connected to the smart watch signal source, each stationary contact of the first switch element is connected to one corresponding tuning path of the antenna tuning circuit, and the controlling end of the first switch element is connected to the microprocessor; the microprocessor controls the switching of the first switch element through the controlling end, so that the smart watch signal source is conductively connected to the corresponding tuning path; the sensor module sends a detected proximity sensing signal to the microprocessor; and the microprocessor receives the proximity sensing signal, and obtains a controlling signal, to control the antenna tuning circuit to switch the tuning path and perform tuning processing on a signal from the smart watch signal source or the antenna body.

US Pat. No. 10,797,377

MOBILE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

AAC Technologies Pte. Ltd...

1. A mobile device, comprising:a metal middle frame,
a glass back shell covering the metal middle frame; and
an FPC antenna disposed on an inner surface of the glass back shell,
wherein the FPC antenna comprises a flexible substrate layer and a metal pattern layer attached to the flexible substrate layer, the flexible substrate layer is laminated onto the inner surface of the glass back shell, the metal pattern layer is formed on a surface of the flexible substrate layer by a LDS process, the FPC antenna is electrically connected to the metal middle frame, and the inner surface of the glass back shell faces the metal middle frame.

US Pat. No. 10,797,376

COMMUNICATION DEVICE

QUANTA COMPUTER INC., Gu...

1. A communication device, comprising:a ground element;
a dielectric substrate, disposed adjacent to an edge of the ground element; and
an antenna element, disposed on the dielectric substrate, wherein the antenna element comprises:
a feeding metal element, having a feeding point;
a shorting metal element, coupled to the ground element;
a first radiation metal element, coupled to the shorting metal element, and disposed adjacent to the feeding metal element;
an inductive element; and
a second radiation metal element, coupled through the inductive element to the feeding metal element, wherein the second radiation metal element is further coupled to the ground element.

US Pat. No. 10,797,375

WAFER LEVEL PACKAGE WITH AT LEAST ONE INTEGRATED ANTENNA ELEMENT

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. A wafer level package with at least one integrated antenna, comprising:a chip layer with at least one chip;
a dielectric layer with at least one through-connection by means of a via; and
an antenna layer with the at least one integrated antenna arranged between the chip layer and the dielectric layer;
wherein the wafer level package comprises a contacting layer that is arranged on the dielectric layer opposite to the antenna layer;
wherein a shield is arranged on the dielectric layer opposite to the antenna layer or is integrated in the contacting layer;
wherein the chip layer comprises a fan-out area;
wherein the chip layer and/or the dielectric layer comprises a shielding via that is arranged laterally between the at least one integrated antenna and the chip and is configured to shield between the chip and the at least one integrated antenna;
wherein the shielding via is arranged beside the chip;
wherein the wafer level package comprises no redistribution layer; wherein no layer is arranged between the chip layer and the antenna layer so as to enable that the at least one antenna is closely or directly connected to a front end of the chip.

US Pat. No. 10,797,374

AUTOMOTIVE GLASS ANTENNA WITH FIXED AND MOVING PORTIONS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. An antenna system for an automotive vehicle, comprising:a fixed glass panel mounted in a window frame of the vehicle and having an aperture;
a sliding glass panel adapted to cover the aperture;
a rail system mounted to the fixed glass panel for slidably retaining the sliding glass panel at and between a plurality of restricted positions including a closed position and a maximum open position;
a first plurality of conductive traces disposed on the fixed glass panel forming fixed antenna segments responsive to RF broadcast signals, wherein the first plurality of conductive traces include at least a first bus bar proximate an edge of the aperture; and
a second plurality of conductive traces disposed on the sliding glass panel forming sliding antenna segments responsive to the RF broadcast signals, wherein the second plurality of conductive traces include at least a second bus bar arranged to overlap the first bus bar when the sliding glass panel is in one of the restricted positions to provide capacitive coupling between the first and second bus bars for the RF broadcast signals.

US Pat. No. 10,797,373

WINDOW ANTENNAS

View, Inc., Milpitas, CA...

1. An apparatus comprising:(a) a window having one or more lites, each comprising at least two surfaces having regions configured for viewing through the window;
(b) an electrochromic device disposed on a first surface of the window;
(c) one or more bus bars in electrical contact with the electrochromic device;
(d) an antenna structure disposed on the first surface or a second surface of the window, the antenna structure being separated from and formed at a different layer than at least one of the one or more bus bars; and
(e) a ground plane substantially transparent to optical wavelengths disposed on the first surface of the window, the second surface of the window, a third surface of the window, or a structure connected to the window.

US Pat. No. 10,797,372

CHAIN CLAMP

CUE DEE AB, Robertsfors ...

1. Chain clamp for clamping around an elongated object, and for serving as a support for separate objects, wherein the chain clamp comprises:a plurality of links, the plurality of links comprising at least a first link and a second link, each of the first and second links having two attachment portions, one of the two attachment portions at one end of each respective link of the first and second links and another of the two attachment portions at an opposite end of the respective link of the first and second links,
at least one connection member, connecting two links from among the plurality of links at respective attachment portions,
a tensioner, adapted to connect to the first and second links and to force the first and second links towards each other to tension the chain clamp, characterised in that at least one of the plurality of links is a piece cut from an elongated extrusion and has a fixed cross-sectional profile and a longitudinal direction, wherein each of the two attachment portions of the at least one of the plurality of links are defined by a respective portion of the fixed cross-sectional profile of the at least one of the plurality of links.

US Pat. No. 10,797,370

LAUNCHER WITH CYLINDRICAL COUPLING DEVICE AND METHODS FOR USE THEREWITH

1. A launching device comprising:a transmitter configured to generate a radio frequency signal on a transmission medium, wherein the radio frequency signal conveys data, wherein the transmission medium includes an insulated wire of a wire bundle, and wherein the transmitter is included in a launching circuit with the transmission medium, the launching circuit having an electrical return path; and
a cylindrical coupler that launches the radio frequency signal from an aperture of the cylindrical coupler as a guided electromagnetic wave that is bound to an outer surface of the insulated wire, wherein the guided electromagnetic wave propagates along the outer surface of the transmission medium without requiring the electrical return path, wherein the guided electromagnetic wave is generated in accordance with a multi-input multi-output technique.

US Pat. No. 10,797,369

ARRAYED WAVEGUIDE-TO-PARALLEL-PLATE TWIST TRANSITION WITH HIGHER-ORDER MODE OPTIMIZATION

THINKOM SOLUTIONS, INC., ...

1. A waveguide-to-parallel-plate twist transition, comprising:at least two waveguide-to-parallel plate twist transition elements arranged adjacent to each other, the at least two waveguide-to-parallel plate twist transition elements including
i) an input port having an input waveguide portion, the input waveguide portion configured to orient an E-field of an electromagnetic wave received by the input port along a first plane;
ii) an output port comprising a multi-mode parallel plate transmission line portion, the multi-mode parallel plate transmission line portion configured to orient an E-field of an electromagnetic wave received by the output port along a second plane, wherein an angle of orientation of the second plane is different from an angle of orientation of the first plane; and
iii) at least one intermediate discrete twist waveguide stage coupling the input waveguide portion to the output multi-mode parallel plate transmission line portion, wherein the at least one intermediate discrete twist waveguide stage is configured to orient an E-field of an electromagnetic wave received by the at least one intermediate discrete twist waveguide stage along a third plane, wherein an angle of orientation of the third plane is between the angle of orientation of the first plane and the angle of orientation of the second plane.

US Pat. No. 10,797,368

METAL AIR BATTERY SYSTEM

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A metal air battery system comprising:a battery cell module configured to generate electricity by oxidation of a metal and reduction of oxygen;
a plurality of air purification modules in fluid communication with the battery cell module;
a compressed air supply unit configured to supply compressed air to the plurality of air purification modules; and
a buffer tank disposed between the compressed air supply unit and the plurality of air purification modules, and configured to receive compressed air from the compressed air supply unit and to supply the compressed air to the plurality of air purification modules such that each air purification module is concurrently in direct fluid communication with the compressed air supply unit,
wherein a bottom portion of the buffer tank comprises a plurality of holes, and a hole of the plurality of holes corresponds to an inlet of an air purification module in the plurality of air purification modules, and the hole is directly connected to the corresponding inlet of the air purification module.

US Pat. No. 10,797,367

POWER STORAGE UNIT AND SOLAR POWER GENERATION UNIT

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A power storage unit comprising:a power storage device;
a heater provided adjacent to the power storage device;
a first transistor;
a second transistor
a first diode; and
a second diode,
wherein a positive electrode of the power storage device is electrically connected to one of a source and a drain of the first transistor,
wherein the positive electrode of the power storage device is electrically connected to an anode of the first diode,
wherein a negative electrode of the power storage device is electrically connected to one of a source and a drain of the second transistor,
wherein the negative electrode of the power storage device is electrically connected to an anode of the second diode,
wherein the negative electrode of the power storage device is electrically connected to a first terminal,
wherein one terminal of the heater is electrically connected to the other of the source and the drain of the first transistor,
wherein the one terminal of the heater is electrically connected to a cathode of the first diode,
wherein the one terminal of the heater is electrically connected to a second terminal,
wherein the other terminal of the heater is electrically connected to the other of the source and the drain of the second transistor,
wherein the other terminal of the heater is electrically connected to a cathode of the second diode,
wherein a gate of the first transistor is electrically connected to a gate of the second transistor, and
wherein the gate of the first transistor is electrically connected to a third terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,797,366

TEMPERATURE-CONTROLLING DEVICE FOR A BATTERY MODULE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME AND BATTERY MODULE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A battery module comprisinga temperature-controlling device comprising
a flow chamber (4) which has a plurality of spacer elements (11) and is substantially closed, wherein the spacer elements (11) are arranged inside the flow chamber (4), and
a flow deflection unit (15) arranged inside the flow chamber (4), with a longitudinal direction (16) extending along the flow deflection unit (15) from a first end (24) to a second end (25) of the flow deflection unit (15),
wherein the flow deflection unit (15) forms a first side face (17) and a second side face (18) which are arranged in the longitudinal direction (16) on opposite sides of the flow deflection unit (15),
wherein at least portions of the first side face (17) and the second side face (18) are arranged directly adjacent to one of the spacer elements (11, 111, 112),
wherein the flow chamber (4) forms a first region (19) and a second region (20), in each of which a number of the spacer elements (11) are arranged, and
wherein a first port (22) configured for inlet of tempering fluid into the flow chamber (4) and a second port (23) configured for outlet of tempering fluid from the flow chamber (4) are arranged between the first region (19) and the second region (20) of the flow chamber (4), and
at least one battery cell (2) arranged on a surface (13) of the temperature-controlling device (3) facing away from the flow chamber (4).

US Pat. No. 10,797,365

BATTERY MODULE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A battery module having a multiplicity of battery cells (4), wherein the battery module (1) has a housing (2) with an interior space (3) in which the multiplicity of battery cells (4) are accommodated, wherein the multiplicity of battery cells (4) are rectangular in shape and positioned parallel to one another, wherein a housing wall (5, 6) of the housing (2) has a multiplicity of projections (7) facing toward the interior space (3) of the housing (2),wherein adjacent projections of the multiplicity of projections (7) delimit a multiplicity of first flow channels (22) and a multiplicity of second flow channels (23),
wherein each of the multiplicity of battery cells (4) makes direct contact with each of the multiplicity of projections (7),
wherein a flow guiding element is positioned between a mutually adjacent pair of the multiplicity of battery cells (4), the flow guiding element being parallel to the multiplicity of battery cells (4), and
wherein the multiplicity of first flow channels (22) are fluidly connected to the multiplicity of second flow channels (23) via a flow chamber (16) defined between the flow guiding element and one battery cell of the mutually adjacent pair of the multiplicity of battery cells (4), such that a temperature-control fluid flows from one of the multiplicity of first flow channels (22), into the flow chamber (16), and into one of the multiplicity of second flow channels (23).

US Pat. No. 10,797,364

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM OF VEHICLE

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A power supply system of a vehicle, comprisinga first power storage device and a second power storage device, supplying electric power to a power source of the vehicle;
a heating device, consuming the electric power and heating the first power storage device;
a power circuit in which the first power storage device, the second power storage device and the heating device are provided;
an external power supply part, supplying electric power external to the vehicle to the power circuit;
a control device, controlling the power circuit and the external power supply part; and
a temperature acquisition unit, acquiring a temperature of the first power storage device, wherein
during execution of first heating control that heats the first power storage device with the heating device by driving the heating device with the electric power supplied from the external power supply part, the control device executes second heating control that heats the first power storage device by discharging electric power from one of the first power storage device and the second power storage device to the other of the first power storage device and the second power storage device, and charges the first power storage device with the electric power supplied from the external power supply part after the temperature of the first power storage device becomes equal to or higher than a predetermined temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,797,363

METHOD FOR RECYCLING AND REFRESHING CATHODE MATERIAL, REFRESHED CATHODE MATERIAL AND LITHIUM ION BATTERY

Microvast Power Systems C...

1. A method for recycling and refreshing a cathode material, comprising:1) mixing a cathode material recycled from a waste battery with a manganiferous inorganic aqueous solution to obtain a mixture, while the cathode material is lithium nickel-cobalt-manganese oxide, lithium manganate, or a mixture of lithium nickel-cobalt-manganese oxide and lithium manganate;
2) adding an alkali aqueous solution into the mixture to react to obtain a manganese hydroxide coating cathode material; and
3) sintering the manganese hydroxide coating cathode material with a lithium resource to obtain a refreshed cathode material.

US Pat. No. 10,797,362

BATTERY PACK

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A battery pack, comprising:a pack body having a first main surface and a second main surface that are opposed to each other in a first axis direction, a first end surface and a second end surface that are opposed to each other in a second axis direction orthogonal to the first axis direction, and a first side surface and a second side surface that are opposed to each other in a third axis direction orthogonal to the first axis direction and the second axis direction;
a plurality of terminals including at least a positive terminal, a negative terminal, and a temperature terminal that are arranged on the first end surface along the third axis direction; and
a cover having a plurality of terminal windows placed on the first end surface, configured to expose the terminals to outside,
wherein each of the plurality of terminal windows includes a plurality of corner portions, and
wherein one corner portion of the plurality of corner portions of one terminal window positioned closest to the first side surface along the third axis, is formed with a radius of curvature larger than a radius of curvature of all of the other plurality of corner portions respectively of the one terminal window.

US Pat. No. 10,797,361

BATTERY CHARGE VOLTAGE BASED ON AMBIENT TEMPERATURE

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A battery charging system, comprising:a battery sensor module to determine a present state of charge of a battery;
a temperature sensor module to determine a present ambient temperature of the battery;
a lookup module to retrieve, from a lookup table, a certain applied charge voltage value based on the present ambient temperature and the present state of charge of a battery; and
a charging module to charge the battery by applying an applied voltage about equal to the certain applied charge voltage value to the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,797,360

CONTROL DEVICE FOR POWER SYSTEM WITH BATTERY AND FUEL CELL

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A battery system control device, comprising:a load;
a secondary battery that is connected to the load via a first power converter capable of converting a voltage by performing a switching operation, the secondary battery being capable of discharging power supplied to the load;
a fuel cell, being connected to the load, that is connected in parallel with the secondary battery and the first power converter, via a second power converter capable of converting a voltage by performing a switching operation, the fuel cell being capable of generating electric power of a low voltage as compared with a voltage of the secondary battery; and
a control unit capable of executing a charging control mode for charging the secondary battery using a generated power from the fuel cell,
wherein the control unit comprises:
a fuel cell controller configured to step up the electric power generated by the fuel cell to a voltage that is chargeable by the secondary battery, and to supply the stepped-up electric power to a load side of the second power converter by causing the second power converter to perform the switching operation during an execution of the charging control mode; and
a secondary battery controller configured to directly connect a load side of the first power converter and the secondary battery by stopping the switching operation of the first power converter during the execution of the charging control mode,
wherein, at a start of the charging control mode, the control unit controls an output of the fuel cell to become a reference output based on a power generation efficiency of the fuel cell,
wherein, based on a decrease of a remaining capacity of the secondary battery after the start of the charging control mode, the control unit sets the output of the fuel cell,
wherein the fuel cell controller controls the output of the fuel cell to avoid a depletion of the remaining capacity of the secondary battery,
wherein, after the start of the charging control mode, the control unit is configured to execute a power supply control mode for supplying power discharged by the secondary battery to the load, and depending upon a demand of the load, the control unit prioritizes the power supply control mode over the charging control mode, and
wherein the fuel cell controller controls the output of the fuel cell to be maintained at the reference output when a remaining capacity of the secondary battery has not decreased, and the fuel cell controller controls the output of the fuel cell to be larger than the reference output when the remaining capacity of the secondary battery decreases after the start of the charging control mode.

US Pat. No. 10,797,359

COOLED CONTAINMENT COMPARTMENTS FOR PACKAGED BATTERY CELLS

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus for cooling and containing packaged battery cells, the apparatus comprising:a first plenum enclosed by a first conduit for cooling, wherein the first plenum includes an inlet for air intake located at a first side of the first plenum;
a second plenum enclosed by a second conduit for exhausting heated air, wherein the second plenum includes an outlet for exhausting air located at a first side of the second plenum, wherein a second side of the first plenum is at least partially coupled lengthwise to a second side of the second plenum;
a first aperture located on a third side of the first plenum for directing air from the inlet at the first side of the first plenum into a first compartment, wherein the first compartment includes a first battery cell, wherein dimensions and shape of the first aperture are based on cooling requirements of the first compartment that include:
a location of the first aperture on the third side of the first plenum for creating an induced air pressure gradient to exhaust air away from the first battery cell in the first compartment; and
a first vent located on a third side of the second plenum for exhausting air away from the first compartment towards the outlet at the first side of the second plenum.

US Pat. No. 10,797,358

SMART POWER BANK SYSTEM FOR EFFICIENT ENERGY TRANSFER

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A smart battery bank, comprising:a battery;
a voltage level converter configured to convert a first voltage to a second voltage, wherein the second voltage is higher than the first voltage;
one or more switches;
a connector; and
a controller operatively coupled to the one or more switches and the connector, the controller configured to execute instructions stored in a memory, the instructions adapted to cause the controller to—
obtain a signal from the connector,
configure the one or more switches to route output from the battery to the connector without use of the voltage level converter when the signal indicates that an electronic device of a first type is coupled to the connector, and
configure the one or more switches to route output from the battery to an input of the voltage level converter and output from the voltage level converter to the connector when the signal indicates that an electronic device of a second type is coupled to the connector.

US Pat. No. 10,797,357

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR EXTENDING A SHELF LIFE OF A RECHARGEABLE BATTERY ASSEMBLY

Advanced Bionics AG, Sta...

1. A battery assembly comprising:a housing;
a rechargeable battery cell in the housing and that has a state of charge;
a safety circuit in the housing and electrically coupled to the rechargeable battery cell, the safety circuit configured to transition the battery assembly to a power-down mode when the state of charge of the rechargeable battery cell is less than a predetermined threshold state of charge;
a hibernation control network in the housing and electrically coupled to the safety circuit, the hibernation control network comprising a phototransistor, wherein the hibernation control network is configured to:
detect, by way of the phototransistor while the state of charge of the rechargeable battery cell is greater than the predetermined threshold state of charge, a light beam having a predetermined wavelength and emitted by a light source located external to the battery assembly; and
trigger, in response to the detection of the light beam of the predetermined wavelength, the safety circuit to transition the battery assembly to the power-down mode while the state of charge of the rechargeable battery cell is still greater than the predetermined threshold state of charge; and
a window on a side of the housing and configured to allow the phototransistor to detect, through the window, the light beam emitted by the light source located external to the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,797,356

MANAGING BATTERY CURRENT BASED ON TEMPERATURE

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

3. The method according to claim 1, further comprising separating, with at least one separator, the at least one anode and the at least one cathode.

US Pat. No. 10,797,355

NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery comprising:a housing;
a stack-type electrode array accommodated in the housing; and
an electrolyte solution,
the electrolyte solution including
an infiltrated portion of the electrolyte solution, which is infiltrated into the stack-type electrode array, and
an excess portion of the electrolyte solution other than the infiltrated portion,
the stack-type electrode array including a plurality of positive electrodes, a plurality of negative electrodes, and a plurality of separators,
the stack-type electrode array being formed by alternately stacking the positive electrode and the negative electrode with the separator being interposed,
in a set-up state that the non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery is arranged such that a direction of stack of the stack-type electrode array is orthogonal to a vertical direction, the non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery being constructed such that a lower end of the separator projects below lower ends of the positive electrode and the negative electrode, and
in the set-up state, the non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery being constructed such that a projecting portion of any of the plurality of separators is always in contact with the excess portion of the electrolyte solution, and the plurality of positive electrodes and the plurality of negative electrodes are not in contact with the excess portion of the electrolyte solution at any time, within a range of an operating state of charge in which a state of charge of the non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery is not lower than a lower limit value of an allowable state of charge and not higher than an upper limit value of the allowable state of charge.

US Pat. No. 10,797,354

ALL-SOLID STATE SECONDARY BATTERY, PARTICLES FOR ALL-SOLID STATE SECONDARY BATTERY, SOLID ELECTROLYTE COMPOSITION FOR ALL-SOLID STATE SECONDARY BATTERY, AND ELECTRODE SHEET FOR ALL-SOLID STATE SECONDARY BATTERY, AND METHODS FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An all-solid state secondary battery comprising:inorganic solid electrolyte particles having conductivity for ions of metals belonging to Group I or II of the periodic table; and
electrode active material particles,
wherein a proportion of a nitrogen element in an element composition of a surface of at least one kind of the inorganic solid electrolyte particles or the electrode active material particles is 0.1 atm % or more, and from said surface, one or more Raman spectral spectrum peak(s) derived from at least one of
N—H stretching vibration observed within a range of 3,200 cm?1 to 3,800 cm?1,
C?N multiple bond stretching vibration or C?N multiple bond stretching vibration observed within a range of 2,000 cm?1 to 2,280 cm?1,
N—H bending vibration, N?O stretching vibration, or N—O stretching vibration observed within a range of 1,500 cm?1 to 1,800 cm?1, or
C—N stretching vibration observed within a range of 1,020 cm?1 to 1,250 cm?1, is detected.

US Pat. No. 10,797,352

CURVED SECONDARY BATTERY HAVING THREE-DIMENSIONAL STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A secondary battery comprising:a three-dimensional electrode structure having a thickness, a width and a length larger than the width, and curved in a thickness direction of the three-dimensional electrode structure to have a curvature;
a first collector layer disposed on a first surface of the three-dimensional electrode structure and having a curvature corresponding to the curvature of the three-dimensional electrode structure; and
a second collector layer disposed on a second surface of the three-dimensional electrode structure and having a curvature corresponding to the curvature of the three-dimensional electrode structure,
wherein the three-dimensional electrode structure comprises: a first active material layer; a solid electrolyte film disposed on the first active material layer; and a second active material layer disposed on the solid electrolyte film,
wherein the first active material layer comprises a plurality of perpendicular active material layers disposed perpendicularly on the first collector layer and extended in parallel to one another along a length direction of the three-dimensional electrode structure,
wherein the three-dimensional electrode structure has a shape in which a long side of the three-dimensional electrode structure extending along the length direction is curved in the thickness direction and a short side of three-dimensional electrode structure extending along a width direction is not curved in the thickness direction.

US Pat. No. 10,797,351

AMIDE-BASED ELECTROLYTE BATTERY

1. An energy storage apparatus comprising:a battery housing;
a negative electrode;
a positive electrode; and
an electrolyte comprising a salt that has been dissolved in an amide-based solvent, wherein the amide-based solvent is selected from one or more of the following: N-methyl urea; N,N?-dimethyl urea, 1,1-dimethyl urea, N-ethyl urea, 1,3-diethyl urea, 1,1-diethyl urea, N-[(trimethylsilyl)methyl] urea and1-[3-(trimethoxysilyl)propyl]urea.

US Pat. No. 10,797,350

METHOD FOR PRODUCING SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING COATING ON ELECTRODE SURFACE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA J...

1. A method for producing a secondary battery,the method comprises
providing a negative electrode, a positive electrode, and an electrolytic solution, and
forming a coating containing S, O, and C on a surface of a negative electrode and/or a positive electrode by performing, on the negative electrode, the positive electrode, and the electrolytic solution, an activation process including step (a), step (b), and step (c) below, or step (a) and step (d) below,
(a) step of performing charging to a second voltage V2 in step (a-1) or step (a-2) below,
(a-1) step of continuously performing charging at a first rate C1 to a first voltage V1 and then performing charging at a second rate C2 to the second voltage V2 where V1 (a-2) step of performing charging at a constant charging rate Ca-2 of 1 C or higher to the second voltage V2,
(b) step of discharging the secondary battery having been subjected to step (a), at a third rate C3 to a third voltage V3 or lower,
(c) step of performing charging and discharging at a fourth rate C4 between the third voltage V3 and the second voltage V2,
(d) step of keeping the temperature of the secondary battery in a range of 40 to 120° C.,
wherein the electrolytic solution contains a metal salt whose cation is an alkali metal, an alkaline earth metal, or aluminum and whose anion has a chemical structure represented by general formula (1) below, and a linear carbonate represented by general formula (2) below, the linear carbonate being contained by not less than 90 vol % relative to an entire organic solvent, a mole ratio of the linear carbonate relative to the metal salt being 2 to 6,
(R1X1)(R2SO2)N  general formula (1)
(R1 is selected from: hydrogen; a halogen; an alkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent group; a cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an unsaturated alkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an unsaturated cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an aromatic group optionally substituted with a substituent group; a heterocyclic group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an alkoxy group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an unsaturated alkoxy group optionally substituted with a substituent group; a thioalkoxy group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an unsaturated thioalkoxy group optionally substituted with a substituent group; CN; SCN; or OCN,
R2 is selected from: hydrogen; a halogen; an alkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent group; a cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an unsaturated alkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an unsaturated cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an aromatic group optionally substituted with a substituent group; a heterocyclic group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an alkoxy group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an unsaturated alkoxy group optionally substituted with a substituent group; a thioalkoxy group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an unsaturated thioalkoxy group optionally substituted with a substituent group; CN; SCN; or OCN,
R1 and R2 optionally bind with each other to form a ring,
X1 is selected from SO2, C?O, C?S, Ra P?O, Rb P?S, S?O, or Si?O,
Ra and Rb are each independently selected from: hydrogen; a halogen; an alkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent group; a cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an unsaturated alkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an unsaturated cycloalkyl group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an aromatic group optionally substituted with a substituent group; a heterocyclic group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an alkoxy group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an unsaturated alkoxy group optionally substituted with a substituent group; a thioalkoxy group optionally substituted with a substituent group; an unsaturated thioalkoxy group optionally substituted with a substituent group; OH; SH; CN; SCN; or OCN,
Ra and Rb each optionally bind with R1 or R2 to form a ring),
R20OCOOR21  general formula (2)
(R20 and R21 are each independently selected from CnHaFbClcBrdIe that is a linear alkyl, or CmHfFgClhBriIj that includes a cyclic alkyl in the chemical structure thereof, “n” is an integer not smaller than 1, “m” is an integer not smaller than 3, and “a”, “b”, “c”, “d”, “e”, “f”, “g”, “h”, “i”, and “j” are each independently an integer not smaller than 0, and satisfy 2n+1=a+b+c+d+e and 2m?1=f+g+h+i+j).

US Pat. No. 10,797,349

ELECTROLYTE FORMULATIONS FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS CONTAINING A SILICON ELECTRODE

WILDCAT DISCOVERY TECHNOL...

1. An electrochemical cell comprising:a silicongraphite composite anode that comprises greater than 50 weight percent graphite;
a cathode comprising a lithium ion intercalating material, wherein discharge and recharge of the electrochemical cell is accomplished by intercalation and de-intercalation of lithium ions into and from the cathode; and
a liquid electrolyte solution comprising an additive, wherein the additive is represented by the chemical structural formula:
where X comprises a metal group selected from the group consisting of alkaline earth metals and post transition metals.

US Pat. No. 10,797,347

ELECTROLYTE COMPRISING PHTHALATE PHOSPHINE-BASED ANIONS, ADDITIVE FOR SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING SAME, AND SECONDARY BATTERY COMPRISING SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. An electrolyte comprising:a lithium cation;
a phthalate phosphine-type anion;
an electrolyte salt; and
an electrolyte solvent having ethylene carbonate (EC) and ethylmethyl carbonate (EMC),
wherein the phthalate phosphine-type anion is represented by following Chemical Formula 2,
wherein the lithium cation and the phthalate phosphine-type anion are present in an amount of 1 wt % to less than or equal to 10 wt % with respect to the whole electrolyte,

in Chemical Formula 2, X1 to X8 are hydrogen,
wherein EC and EMC are present in the electrolyte solvent in a volume ratio of 1:2,
wherein the lithium cation and the phthalate phosphine-type anion are present in an amount of 1 wt % with respect to the whole electrolyte, and
wherein the electrolyte salt comprises LiPF6 present in a concentration of 1M with respect to the electrolytic solvent.

US Pat. No. 10,797,346

SOLID POLYMER ELECTROLYTE COMPRISING AN ALKOXYSILANE COMPOUND HAVING A URETHANE BOND, A METHOD OF PREPARING THE ELECTROLYTE, AND A LITHIUM SECONDARY BATTERY INCLUDING

Korea Institute of Indust...

1. A solid polymer electrolyte, comprising:a matrix prepared by subjecting an alkoxysilane compound having a urethane bone represented by Structural Formula 1 below and an alkoxysilane compound including a compound represented by Structural Formula 2 below to a sol-gel reaction; and
a lithium salt dispersed in the matrix,

wherein R1 is a C1 to C20 alkylene group, R2 is a C1 to C20 alkyl group, R3 is a C1 to C20 alkylene group, R4 to R6 are the same as or different from each other, and are each independently a C1 to C20 alkyl group, and m is any one integer of 1 to 20, and

where R7 is independently a C1 to C20 alkylene group, R8 is independently a C1 to C20 alkylene group, R9 to R11 are the same as or different from each other, and are each independently a C1 to C20 alkyl group, and n is any one integer of 1 to 30.

US Pat. No. 10,797,344

METHOD FOR PRODUCING GARNET TYPE OXIDE SOLID ELECTROLYTE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method for producing a garnet type oxide solid electrolyte represented by a general formula (Lia1, Aa2)La3-bEbZr2-cMcO12 where a1 satisfies 5 preparing raw materials for the garnet type oxide solid electrolyte at a stoichiometric ratio of the above general formula;
preparing flux raw materials by using NaCl and KCl at a molar ratio of NaCl:KCl=x:(1?x) where x satisfies 0?x?1;
mixing the solid electrolyte raw materials prepared in the above step and the flux raw materials prepared in the above step; and
heating a mixture of the solid electrolyte raw materials and the flux raw materials at a temperature of less than 1100° C.,wherein the flux excludes a lithium-containing compound.

US Pat. No. 10,797,342

BATTERY SYSTEM AND PRODUCTION METHOD

Millibatt, Inc., Los Ang...

1. A battery unit comprising:a substrate defining a cell comprising:
a base;
a wall encompassing the base; and
a set of posts extending from the base;
an electrolyte material coating vertical surfaces within the cell;
a passivated material located across horizontal surfaces within the cell;
a cathode material arranged in the cell over the electrolyte material, over the passivated material, between posts in the set of posts, and between the set of posts and the wall; and
a cathode current collector arranged over the wall, electrically coupled to the cathode material, and cooperating with the substrate to enclose the cell.

US Pat. No. 10,797,341

BATTERY MODULE, BATTERY PACK, VEHICLE, AND STATIONARY POWER SUPPLY

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A battery module, comprising:a first battery unit comprising:
a first nonaqueous lithium ion battery including a nonaqueous electrolyte; and
a first aqueous lithium ion battery comprising an electrolytic solution, the electrolytic solution comprising an aqueous solvent and an electrolyte dissolved in the aqueous solvent, the first aqueous lithium ion battery being connected in parallel to the first nonaqueous lithium ion battery,
wherein a voltage of the first aqueous lithium ion battery at a fully charged state is in a range of from ?0.1 to +0.2 V with respect to a voltage of the first nonaqueous lithium ion battery at a fully charged state.

US Pat. No. 10,797,339

ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY FOR SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. An electrode assembly for a secondary battery, which comprises a radical unit comprising first and second electrode sheets each of which is folded so that both ends thereof overlap each other; and a first separator folded several times and having an upper folded portion into which the first electrode sheet is coupled to be fitted and a lower folded portion into which the second electrode sheet is coupled to be fitted,wherein the first electrode sheet comprises a first electrode portion and a first non-coating portion, the first electrode portion being coated with a first electrode active material, and the first non-coating portion not including the first electrode active material thereon,
wherein the second electrode sheet comprises a second electrode portion and a second non-coating portion, the second electrode portion being coated with a second electrode active material, and the second non-coating portion not including the second electrode active material thereon,
wherein, in the radical unit, the first and second electrode sheets are cut to form two first electrodes and two second electrodes, respectively, which are completely separated from each other, each of the first electrodes having a first electrode tab extending outwardly therefrom along a length dimension, the first electrode tab defined by a cut portion of the first non-coating portion, and each of the second electrodes having a second electrode tab extending outwardly therefrom along the length dimension, the second electrode tab defined by a cut portion of the second non-coating portion, the first and second electrode tabs being narrower in a width dimension than the respective first and second electrodes, the width dimension being orthogonal to the length dimension, and
wherein the first electrode, the first separator, the second electrode, the first separator, the first electrode, the first separator, and the second electrode successively stacked.

US Pat. No. 10,797,338

FLEXIBLE SECONDARY BATTERY

Samung SDI Co., Ltd., Gy...

1. A flexible secondary battery comprising:an electrode stack assembly including a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate, and a separator between the first electrode plate and the second electrode plate;
a first electrode tab electrically connected to the first electrode plate; and
a second electrode tab electrically connected to the second electrode plate,
wherein one end of the first electrode tab and one end of the second electrode tab are disposed inside the electrode stack assembly and are stacked together with the first electrode plate, the second electrode plate, and the separator to form the electrode stack assembly, wherein a remaining portion of the first electrode tab and a remaining portion of the second electrode are disposed outside the electrode stack assembly, and
wherein:
the electrode stack assembly has a rectangular shape,
the first electrode plate includes a first active material part coated with a first active material and a first uncoated part uncoated with the first active material, and the second electrode plate includes a second active material part coated with a second active material and a second uncoated part uncoated with the second active material,
the first uncoated part of the first electrode plate includes a first protruding part protruding from the rectangular electrode stack assembly, and a first embedded part that is a portion of the first uncoated part different from and not vertically overlapping the first protruding part,
the second uncoated part of the second electrode plate includes a second protruding part protruding from the rectangular electrode stack assembly, and a second embedded part that is a portion of the second uncoated part different from and not vertically overlapping the second protruding part,
a first welding part is formed on an outer surface of the first or second electrode plate, and binds at least one of i) the first embedded part of the first uncoated part of the first electrode plate and a portion of the first electrode tab and ii) the second embedded part of the second uncoated part of the second electrode plate and a portion of the second electrode tab, and
the first welding part is not formed on the remaining portions of the first and second electrode tabs.

US Pat. No. 10,797,337

FLOW BATTERY

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A flow battery comprising:a first liquid containing a first electrode mediator dissolved therein;
a first electrode immersed in the first liquid;
a first active material immersed in the first liquid; and
a first circulation mechanism that circulates the first liquid between the first electrode and the first active material,
wherein the first electrode mediator consists of a bicarbazyl derivative.

US Pat. No. 10,797,336

APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR IN-VIVO POWER GENERATION

Tarkeshwar Chandrakant Pa...

1. An apparatus for in-vivo power generation comprising:a fuel generator arranged to produce a hydrogen rich fuel from a liquid flowing through the fuel generator, wherein the fuel generator is a low carbon fuel convertor which is configured to receive the liquid and produce the hydrogen rich fuel by the action of a bioenzyme on glucose in the liquid; and
a biofuel cell fluidically coupled to the fuel generator, the biofuel cell including a first chamber and a second chamber separated by a membrane assembly, wherein the membrane assembly comprises a first electrode having a catalyst for enabling extraction of oxygen from the liquid, a second electrode, and a membrane, the liquid being configured to flow through the first chamber, and wherein the second chamber is arranged to receive the hydrogen rich fuel from the fuel generator,wherein, when in use, electrical power is generated when the oxygen from the first chamber and hydrogen in the hydrogen rich fuel from the second chamber combine reactively.

US Pat. No. 10,797,335

CONDUCTIVE SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL ELECTROLYTE COMPOSITION AND A METHOD FOR PREPARING THE SAME

SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF ...

1. A conductive solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) electrolyte composition, said composition comprising:a. gadolinium doped ceria; and
b. glass composite,
wherein, the conductive SOFC electrolyte composition is physically and chemically compatible with the casing material of the SOFC; and
wherein the glass composite comprises 95 wt % to 99 wt % bismuth oxide with respect to the total weight of glass composite and 1 wt % to 5 wt % potassium oxide with respect to the total weight of glass composite.

US Pat. No. 10,797,334

ION CONDUCTIVE POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE HAVING ION CHANNEL SIZE CONTROLLED ACCORDING TO PHASE SEPARATION IMPROVEMENT EFFECT OF POLAR SOLVENT DURING CASTING OF ION CONDUCTIVE POLYMER ELECTROLYTE MEMBRANE, AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREFOR

SOGANG UNIVERSITY RESEARC...

1. A method of controlling proton conducting nanochannel size of a polymer electrolyte membrane, comprising:a stage of mixing a solution comprising an proton conducting non-fluorinated polymer electrolyte or proton conducting fluorinated polymer electrolyte and an organic solvent with a hydrophilic solvent at a predetermined ratio, wherein the organic solvent is a polar aprotic solvent used for dissolving a polymer and the hydrophilic solvent is a polar protic solvent which has higher polarity compared with the organic solvent; and
a stage of drying the solution by coating the solution on a matrix,
wherein:
if the proton conducting fluorinated polymer electrolyte is used, an amine-based hydrophilic anion exchange functional group or at least one hydrophilic cation exchange functional group among a sulfonic acid group (SO3H), an amine group (NH3) and a phosphoric acid group (—PO3H2) are bonded to a fluorinated polymer; and
if the proton conducting non-fluorinated polymer electrolyte is used, the amine-based hydrophilic anion exchange functional group or at least one of the hydrophilic cation exchange functional group among the sulfonic acid group (SO3H), the amine group (NH3) and the phosphoric acid group (—PO3H2) are bonded to any one of a non-fluorinated polymer among polyarylene-based polymers, polyetherketone and polyetherehterketone.

US Pat. No. 10,797,332

LOW PRESSURE CARBON DIOXIDE REMOVAL FROM THE ANODE EXHAUST OF A FUEL CELL

FUELCELL ENERGY, INC., D...

1. A fuel cell system for removing carbon dioxide from anode exhaust gas, the fuel cell system comprising:a fuel cell having an anode configured to output an anode exhaust gas comprising hydrogen, carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, and water;
a shift reactor configured to receive a first portion of the anode exhaust gas and to perform a water-gas shift reaction to produce an output stream primarily comprising hydrogen and carbon dioxide;
an anode gas oxidizer; and
an absorption system configured to receive the output stream from the shift reactor, the absorption system comprising:
an absorber column configured to absorb the carbon dioxide from the output stream in a solvent and to output a resultant gas comprising hydrogen and a hydrocarbon that is at least partially recycled to the anode; and
a stripper column configured to regenerate the solvent and to output a carbon dioxide-rich stream, wherein:
the anode gas oxidizer is configured to receive and oxidize an anode gas oxidizer input stream and at least a portion of the carbon dioxide-rich stream; and
the anode gas oxidizer input stream comprises one of a second portion of the anode exhaust gas or a portion of the output stream from the shift reactor.

US Pat. No. 10,797,331

FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND DETERMINATION METHOD INCLUDING INJECTOR FAILURE DETERMINATION BASED ON CIRCULATION HYDROGEN PUMP POWER CONSUMPTION

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:a fuel cell stack;
a hydrogen gas supply flow path configured to supply hydrogen gas to the fuel cell stack;
a hydrogen gas discharge flow path configured to discharge the hydrogen gas from the fuel cell stack;
a hydrogen gas circulation flow path configured to communicate the hydrogen gas supply flow path and the hydrogen gas discharge flow path with each other;
an injector provided in the hydrogen gas supply flow path at a position upstream from a connection between the hydrogen gas supply flow path and the hydrogen gas circulation flow path;
a hydrogen pump provided in the hydrogen gas circulation flow path;
a consumed power acquiring part configured to acquire a consumed power consumed by the hydrogen pump; and
a controller configured to control at least the injector and the hydrogen pump, wherein the controller is further configured to:
determine whether or not a fluctuation range of the consumed power of the hydrogen pump after giving an opening and closing instruction to the injector is a predetermined value or less,
determine whether or not the injector is failed using a determination result regarding the fluctuation range, and
if the injector is determined to be failed, output an indication regarding a failure of the injector.

US Pat. No. 10,797,330

SYSTEM FOR MEASURING A STACK CELL VOLTAGE OF A FUEL CELL AND METHOD THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A system for measuring a stack cell voltage of a fuel cell, comprising:a stack voltage measuring unit specifically programmed to measure a first stack voltage of a stack cell battery for each channel in a first driving condition performing a first test drive after the vehicle is manufactured and measures a second stack voltage of the stack cell battery for each channel in a second driving condition after the test driving is performed;
a correction variable calculating unit specifically programmed to calculate a correction variable by using the first stack voltage value measured by the stack voltage measuring unit during the first driving condition; and
a stack voltage value correcting unit specifically programmed to correct the second stack voltage measured by the stack voltage measuring unit during the second driving condition by using the correction variable,
wherein the correction variable calculating unit specifically programmed to calculate an average of the first stack voltage value received from the stack voltage measuring unit in each predetermined interval, calculates a deviation value as compared to the average for each interval and calculates the correction variable,
wherein the stack voltage measuring unit is specifically programmed, to transmit the first stack voltage value measured when the test drive of the vehicle is performed after manufacturing the vehicle to the correction variable calculating unit, and transmit the second stack voltage value measured on driving after the test drive is performed to the stack voltage value correcting unit.

US Pat. No. 10,797,329

METHODS FOR TRANSITIONING A FUEL CELL SYSTEM BETWEEN MODES OF OPERATION

LG Electronics, Inc., Se...

1. A method of transitioning between operating modes of a fuel cell system, the fuel cell system comprising:a fuel cell stack comprising:
a plurality of solid oxide fuel cells, each solid oxide fuel cell comprising an anode, a cathode, and an electrolyte;
an anode loop comprising:
an in-block fueling flowpath comprising a fuel supply manifold, a fuel exhaust manifold, and one or more fueling channels in fluid communication with said fuel supply manifold and said fuel exhaust manifold, wherein each anode is exposed to a fuel flowing in one or more of said fueling channels;
an anode ejector having a fuel supply input, a fuel recycle input, and a combined fuel output;
a fuel recycle conduit in fluid communication with said anode ejector fuel recycle input and said in-block fueling flowpath fuel exhaust manifold; and
a combined fuel supply conduit in fluid communication with said anode ejector combined fuel output and said in-block fueling flowpath fuel supply manifold;
a fuel supply conduit in fluid communication with said anode ejector fuel supply input;
a source of SOFC fuel in fluid communication with said fuel supply conduit;
a source of transition fuel in fluid communication with said fuel supply conduit;
a cathode loop comprising:
an in-block oxidizing flowpath comprising an oxidant supply manifold, an oxidant exhaust manifold, and one or more oxidizing channels in fluid communication with said oxidant supply manifold and said oxidant exhaust manifold, wherein each cathode is exposed to an oxidant flowing in one or more oxidizing channels;
a cathode ejector having an oxidant supply input, an oxidant recycle input, and a combined oxidant output;
an oxidant recycle conduit in fluid communication with said cathode ejector oxidant recycle input and said in-block oxidizing flowpath oxidant exhaust manifold;
a combined oxidant supply conduit in fluid communication with said cathode ejector combined oxidant output and said in-block oxidizing flowpath oxidant supply manifold; and
a heat source positioned to heat an oxidant flowing in the cathode loop;
an oxidant supply conduit in fluid communication with said cathode ejector oxidant supply input; and
an oxidant source in fluid communication with said oxidant supply conduit;the method of transitioning the fuel cell system from a hot standby mode with the anodes in an oxidized condition wherein:oxidant is flowing through the cathode loop at a hot standby temperature;
no SOFC fuel is flowing in the anode loop;
no RCB is applied to the fuel cell stack; and
no transition fuel is flowing in the anode loop;to a hot standby mode with the anodes in a reduced condition wherein:oxidant is flowing through the cathode loop at a hot standby temperature;
transition fuel is flowing from the source into the anode loop;
RCB is applied to the fuel cell stack; and
anode fuel utilization is in an anode reduction range;said method of transitioning comprising:maintaining flow of oxidant through the cathode loop;
controlling the temperature of the fuel cell stack by controlling the mass flow rate and temperature of the oxidant flowing through the cathode loop;
flowing transition fuel into the anode loop at a mass flow rate;
applying RCB to the fuel cell stack; and
controlling the anode fuel utilization by controlling the mass flow rate of the transition fuel and the magnitude of the RCB until the anodes are in a reduced condition.

US Pat. No. 10,797,328

FUEL CELL MODULE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A fuel cell module comprising:a gas-liquid separator and a circulation pump that are disposed in a circulation channel for refluxing fuel off-gas discharged from fuel cells to the fuel cells, the gas-liquid separator having a cylindrical port portion that projects upward from the gas-liquid separator, the circulation pump having a housing portion that opens downward, the cylindrical port portion being adapted to be inserted into the housing portion so as to define a channel through which the fuel off-gas flows between the gas-liquid separator and the circulation pump,
wherein the port portion is provided with a discharge groove or a discharge hole in a region of from an outer periphery toward an inner periphery of the port portion, and
a bottom portion of the discharge groove or the discharge hole is inclined so as to become lower toward an inner side.

US Pat. No. 10,797,327

SOFC HOT BOX COMPONENTS

BLOOM ENERGY CORPORATION,...

1. A heat exchanger, comprising:a top enclosure;
a bottom enclosure; and
a corrugated sheet between the top and bottom enclosures,
wherein at least one of the top or bottom enclosures comprises a finger plate comprising finger shaped extensions that only cover every other corrugation of the corrugated sheet, and
wherein the heat exchanger is configured such that a first fluid flows on one side of the corrugated sheet and a second fluid flows on an opposite side of the corrugated sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,797,325

FUEL CELL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method of manufacturing a fuel cell including a membrane electrode assembly in which catalytic electrode layers are respectively formed on both surfaces of an electrolyte membrane, and a resin frame joined to an outer peripheral portion of the membrane electrode assembly, the method comprising:in a membrane electrode assembly sheet that is used for acquiring the membrane electrode assembly and includes the electrolyte membrane and the catalytic electrode layers, and in which a porous layer including at least the catalytic electrode layer is disposed on at least one surface of the electrolyte membrane, applying a sealing agent onto the porous layer in a region including a part to be formed into an outer periphery of the membrane electrode assembly to seal a pore of the porous layer in the region, the pore of the porous layer including at least pore of the catalytic electrode layer;
acquiring a stack member including the membrane electrode assembly by cutting the membrane electrode assembly sheet in the region; and
joining a part of the porous layer in the stack member where the sealing agent is applied and the resin frame with an adhesive;
wherein:
the fuel cell further includes gas diffusion layers respectively stacked on the catalytic electrode layers in the membrane electrode assembly;
each of the membrane electrode assembly sheet and the stack member includes the gas diffusion layer stacked on the catalytic electrode layer as the porous layer; and
when the pore of the porous layer is sealed by applying the sealing agent onto the porous layer in the region including the part to be formed into the outer periphery of the membrane electrode assembly, the pore of each of the catalytic electrode layer and the gas diffusion layer in the region is sealed by applying the sealing agent;
wherein when the pore of the porous layer is sealed by applying the sealing agent onto the porous layer in the region including the part to be formed into the outer periphery of the membrane electrode assembly,
(i) a first sealing agent as the sealing agent to the membrane electrode assembly sheet is applied to seal the pore of the catalytic electrode layer in the region, and
(ii) then, a second sealing agent having a higher viscosity than the first sealing agent as the sealing agent is applied onto the region where the first sealing agent is applied in the membrane electrode assembly sheet to seal the pore of the gas diffusion layer in the region.

US Pat. No. 10,797,324

POWER GENERATION CELL

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A power generation cell comprising:a membrane electrode assembly and a separator stacked together in a thickness direction of the separator,
wherein a reactant gas flow field is formed in the power generation cell, the reactant gas flow field being configured to allow a reactant gas to flow along a power generation surface from one end to another end of the separator;
a reactant gas supply passage configured to supply the reactant gas toward the reactant gas flow field and a reactant gas discharge passage as a passage of the reactant gas which has passed through the reactant gas flow field extend through the power generation cell in the thickness direction of the separator;
an inlet connection flow groove configured to connect the reactant gas supply passage and the reactant gas flow field and an outlet connection flow groove configured to connect the reactant gas discharge passage and the reactant gas flow field are formed in the power generation cell, and
wherein, a flow channel of the inlet connection flow groove diverges multiple times in an area from the reactant gas supply passage to the reactant gas flow field; and
a flow channel of the outlet connection flow groove merges multiple times in an area from the reactant gas flow field to the reactant gas discharge passage; and
a number of times that the flow channel of the outlet connection flow groove merges is larger than a number of times that the flow channel of the inlet connection flow groove diverges.

US Pat. No. 10,797,323

CURRENT COLLECTOR FOR FUEL CELL, AND FUEL CELL

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. A current collector for a fuel cell, the fuel cell including a membrane electrode assembly including a solid polymer electrolyte layer and a pair of electrode layers formed to sandwich the solid polymer electrolyte layer, a current collector stacked on each electrode layer, and a gas flow path for supply of a gas to each electrode layer, the current collector comprising:a metal porous body which is stacked on the electrode layer, has a flowing gas supplied to the electrode layer, and is rendered conducting to the electrode layer,
an electrically conductive layer formed in the metal porous body and containing electrically conductive particles fixed to a corrosion-resistant and water-repellent resin, the electrically conductive layer forming a surface on a side of the metal porous body facing the electrode layer,
wherein the electrically conductive layer is porous;
the metal porous body provides a gas flow path which allows a gas to flow in a planar direction of the electrode layer; and
a portion of the metal porous body other than the electrically conductive layer has a porosity from 50 to 85% and a pore diameter from 150 ?m to 500 ?m,
the electrically conductive layer has a porosity from 30 to 50% and a pore diameter from 10 ?m to 100 ?m,
the electrically conductive layer functions as a diffusion layer, and
the metal porous body and the electrically conductive layer are inseparable.

US Pat. No. 10,797,322

NONAQUEOUS BATTERY

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A nonaqueous battery comprising:a current collector that supports an electrode active material, wherein
the current collector includes a first layer, a second layer and a third layer,
the second layer is interposed between the first layer and the third layer,
the second layer includes 0.3 mass % or more and 1 mass % or less of magnesium and 0.2 mass % or more and 0.9 mass % or less of silicon, with a remainder being made up of aluminum,
the first layer and the third layer constitute outer surfaces of the current collector, and
the first layer and the third layer each include 99.3 mass % or more of aluminum, more than 0 mass % and less than 0.3 mass % of magnesium, and more than 0 mass % and less than 0.2 mass % of silicon, and
a thickness of the first layer and a thickness of the third layer are each in the range of from 0.45 ?m to 1.875 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,797,321

METHOD OF DEPOSITING NANOSCALE MATERIALS WITHIN A NANOFIBER NETWORK AND NETWORKED NANOFIBERS WITH COATING

Wellstat BioCatalysis, LL...

18. A coated nanotube network electrode, comprising:a carbon nanotube network comprising:
first carbon nanotubes; and
second carbon nanotubes; and
an active material that covers at least a portion of the carbon nanotube network, wherein the coated nanotube network electrode has a cell resistance of less than 200 ohms-cm, wherein the active material if formed by providing the active material and redistributing the active material to cover and electrochemically isolate the first carbon nanotubes and second carbon nanotubes from materials outside the carbon nanotube network, wherein the active material is redistributed by electrical charge and discharge of the active material or recrystallizing the active material.

US Pat. No. 10,797,320

CELL DESIGN TO PREVENT OVER-DISCHARGE IN LI-ION BATTERIES

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A lithium-ion battery comprising:a cathode:
an anode including an active material with a first reaction potential;
a separator between the cathode and anode;
a current collector on the anode and having a decomposition potential greater than the first reaction potential; and
a layer of lithiated lithium titanate (LTO) between the anode and current collector, configured to, responsive to an over-discharge state where a potential of the battery crosses a phase-transition potential of the lithiated LTO, delithiate to phase-transition from a conductor to an insulator to prevent dissolution of metal ions from the current collector into the anode,
wherein the phase transition potential is between the first reaction potential and the decomposition potential.

US Pat. No. 10,797,317

CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERIES, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERIES INCLUDING THE SAME

UNIST(ULSAN NATIONAL INST...

1. A composite cathode active material comprising:a core comprising a lithium transition metal oxide represented by Formula 3 and having a layered crystalline phase belonging to the Space Group R-3m; and
a coating layer on a surface of the core, the coating layer comprising a cobalt compound:
LixCo1-y-q-rNiyM3qM4rO2  
wherein, in Formula 3, 1.00?x?1.04, 0.05?y?0.1, 0

US Pat. No. 10,797,314

COMPLIANT SOLID-STATE IONICALLY CONDUCTIVE COMPOSITE MATERIALS AND METHOD FOR MAKING SAME

Blue Current, Inc., Hayw...

1. A method of forming a solid-state composite comprising:mixing ionically conductive inorganic material with one or more organic components to form a composite, wherein the one or more organic components comprises a first component that is a non-ionically conductive polymer having a number average molecular weight of between 500 g/mol and 50,000 g/mol;
applying external pressure to the composite, wherein applying external pressure increases the ionic conductivity of the composite by a factor of at least two;
heating the composite during the application of external pressure to a temperature greater than 70° C. and cooling the composite after heating.

US Pat. No. 10,797,313

METHOD OF PRODUCING ANODE OR CATHODE PARTICULATES FOR ALKALI METAL BATTERIES

Global Graphene Group, In...

1. A method of producing anode particulates or cathode particulates for use in an alkali metal battery, said method comprising:(a) preparing a slurry containing particles of an anode or cathode active material capable of reversibly absorbing and desorbing lithium ions or sodium ions, an electron-conducting material, and an electrolyte containing a lithium salt or sodium salt and an optional polymer dissolved in a liquid solvent; and
(b) conducting a particulate-forming means to convert said slurry into multiple anode particulates or cathode particulates, wherein an anode particulate or a cathode particulate is composed of (i) particles of said anode or cathode active material, (ii) said electron-conducting material, and (iii) said electrolyte, wherein said electron-conducting material forms a three dimensional network of electron-conducting pathways in electronic contact with said anode or cathode active material and said electrolyte forms a three dimensional network of lithium ion- or sodium ion-conducting channels in ionic contact with said anode or cathode active material and wherein said anode particulate or cathode particulate has a dimension from 10 nm to 300 ?m and an electrical conductivity from about 10?7 S/cm to about 300 S/cm.

US Pat. No. 10,797,311

LITHIUM NICKEL COBALT MANGANESE OXIDE COMPOSITE MATERIAL AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME

Long Power Systems (Nanto...

1. A method of preparing a lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide (Li(Ni0.8Co0.1Mn0.1)O2) composite material, comprising:(1) adding a lithium source, a nickel source, a manganese source and a cobalt source in a stoichiometric ratio of Ni: Co: Mn=0.8: 0.1: 0.1 in a solvent followed by a first ball-milling to produce a mixture; subjecting the mixture to a first calcination and then cooling the mixture to produce a precursor;
(2) subjecting the precursor to a second ball-milling in a sand mill followed by spray drying; subjecting the precursor to a second calcination to produce a lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide material; and
(3) stirring the lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide material in a solution of a hydrophobic material, drying and carrying out a third calcination to produce the lithium nickel cobalt manganese oxide (Li(Ni0.8Co0.1Mn0.1)O2) composite material.

US Pat. No. 10,797,310

ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES AND COMPONENTS

SILA NANOTECHNOLOGIES INC...

1. A metal-ion battery composition, comprising:anode and cathode electrodes, wherein at least one of the anode and cathode electrodes comprises a plurality of active material particles capable of storing and releasing ions during battery operation;
a separator electrically separating the anode electrode and the cathode electrode; and
an electrolyte ionically coupling the anode electrode and the cathode electrode, wherein the electrolyte comprises an aqueous metal-ion electrolyte ionically interconnecting the plurality of active material particles,
wherein the plurality of active material particles comprises a conformal, metal-ion permeable coating that is separate from the separator and arranged at an interface between the plurality of active material particles and the aqueous metal-ion electrolyte, whereby the conformal, metal-ion permeable coating is electrically insulative and ionically conductive so as to impede water decomposition at the at least one of the anode and cathode electrodes by enhancing an over-potential for water decomposition at the interface by at least 0.25 V.

US Pat. No. 10,797,308

BATTERIES WITH ANODES OF CARBON-COATED MACRO-POROUS SILICON

Washington State Universi...

1. A method of forming a silicon material for use in anodes of batteries, the method comprising:reacting a metal or a mixture of multiple metals with silicon (Si) in a solid state reaction to form a metal silicide;
performing a CO2-thermic oxidation process on the formed metal suicide with a gas consisting of carbon dioxide to form a composite of one or more metal oxides, silicon, and carbon; and
contacting the formed composite of one or more metal oxides, silicon, and carbon with an acid to remove the one or more metal oxides from the composite to produce particles of the silicon material individually having: the silicon formed in the CO2-thermic oxidation process; and macro-scale pores in the silicon, the macro-scale pores corresponding to the removed metal oxide by the acid and having surfaces coated with the carbon from the performed CO2-thermic oxidation process.

US Pat. No. 10,797,307

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SILICON FLAKES, SILICON-CONTAINING NEGATIVE ELECTRODE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

AUO Crystal Corporation, ...

1. A silicon-containing negative electrode of a battery, comprising:a plurality of silicon flakes having various particle sizes, wherein the D10 and D50 of the silicon flakes are smaller than 1 micron, D10D10 and the silicon flakes are irregularly distributed in the silicon-containing negative electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,797,305

ELECTRODE HAVING BILAYER STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. An electrode for a secondary battery having an electrode current collector either surface or both surfaces of which are coated with two active material layers, the electrode comprising:an electrode current collector; a first layer of active material coated on the current collector; and a second layer of active material coated on the first layer of active material, wherein a second average particle diameter of the active material forming the second layer of active material is larger than a first average particle diameter of the active material forming the first layer of active material, with a ratio of the first average particle diameter to the second average particle diameter being from 1:9 to 5:5.1, and
wherein a plurality of craters are formed in the first layer of active material by laser ablation and the craters are filled with active material of the second layer.

US Pat. No. 10,797,303

SILICON-BASED ANODE ACTIVE MATERIAL AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREFOR

Nexeon Ltd, Oxfordshire ...

1. A silicon based anode active material comprising:primary particles comprising silicon and oxygen combined with the silicon, wherein the primary particles comprise a core of the silicon and a shell of silicon oxide on the core of the silicon, wherein phosphorous is doped in the primary particles, wherein at least a part of the shell of the silicon oxide comprises phosphorous silicate, and wherein the primary particles have sizes within a range of from about 10 nm to 300 nm; and
secondary particles formed of aggregates of the primary particles, wherein the primary particles are electrically connected by a carbon based conductive layer on the shell of silicon oxide;
wherein a content of the phosphorus with respect to a total weight of the secondary particles and the phosphorus doped in the primary particles has a range from 0.01 wt % to 15 wt %, and a content of the oxygen with respect to a total weight of the secondary particles has a range from 9.5 wt % to 25 wt %.

US Pat. No. 10,797,302

POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, AND NONAQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY USING SAID POSITIVE ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL

Sumitomo Metal Mining Co....

1. A positive electrode active material for nonaqueous electrolyte secondary batteries, composed of a lithium-metal composite oxide powder having a layered crystal structure constituted by primary particles and secondary particles formed by aggregation of the primary particles, and having a compound containing tungsten and lithium on a surface of the primary particles, and being represented by a general formula: LizNi1-x-yCoxMyWaO2+? (where 0?x?0.35, 0?y?0.35, 0.95?z?1.30, 0 in observation with a scanning electron microscope for a cross section of the secondary particles of the lithium-metal composite oxide at a constant magnification, when 50 or more of the secondary particles arbitrarily sampled are observed in at least any two different observation fields of view, the number of the secondary particles having the compound containing tungsten and lithium on the surface of the primary particles inside the secondary particles accounts for 90% or more of a total number of the secondary particles observed.

US Pat. No. 10,797,300

REPAIRABLE ELECTROCHEMICAL ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

Enpower Energy Corp., Na...

1. A secondary electrochemical energy storage apparatus, comprising an energy storage device and a fluid circulation apparatus wherein:the energy storage device comprises a positive electrode, a negative electrode, a separator, an aqueous electrolyte and a container housing the aqueous electrolyte, the negative electrode, the positive electrode, and the separator, wherein the positive electrode and/or negative electrode comprises an active material capable of intercalating and deintercalating ions in the aqueous electrolyte; and the container has an inlet and an outlet that facilitate circulation of fluid entering and exiting the container, and
the fluid circulation apparatus comprises a pump, at least one reservoir, and pipes fluidly connected to the inlet and the outlet, wherein the fluid circulation apparatus is capable of circulating fluid between the reservoir and the container, and the reservoir comprises an up-stream reservoir and a down-stream reservoir.

US Pat. No. 10,797,299

ELECTRODE PLATE AND SURFACE TREATMENT METHOD THEREOF

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A surface treatment method of an electrode plate, comprising the following steps:step 1: providing an electrode plate, wherein the electrode plate comprises a magnesium-aluminum alloy material layer;
annealing the electrode plate to make a part of a magnesium element be precipitated from the magnesium-aluminum alloy material layer to form a magnesium film on a surface of the magnesium-aluminum alloy material layer;
step 2: arranging the electrode plate in a closed chamber, introducing a plasma containing fluorine ions into the closed chamber and the magnesium film on the surface of the electrode plate chemically reacts with fluorine ions and form a magnesium fluoride film on the surface of the electrode plate.

US Pat. No. 10,797,298

BATTERY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A battery comprising:an electrode body including a positive electrode, a negative electrode and a separator disposed between the positive electrode and the negative electrode, the positive electrode, the negative electrode and the separator being stacked one on top of the other in a stacking direction, the electrode body having an outer periphery;
an electrolytic solution; and
an exterior body that has a shape other than a substantially rectangular parallelepiped or cuboidal shape, the exterior body housing the electrode body and the electrolytic solution, the exterior body having at least adjacent first, second and third inner surfaces with the first and third inner surfaces being located on opposite sides of the second inner surface, the second inner surface being larger in area than the first and third inner surfaces; and
a liquid injection port located on the exterior body and extending through the second inner surface;
each of the first, second and third inner surfaces facing, and being spaced from, a respective first, second and third section of the outer periphery of the electrode body by a respective gap so as define first, second and third regions, respectively, each of the first, second and third regions having a respective volume, the volume the second region being larger than the volumes of the first and third regions and being capable of temporarily holding a volume of the electrolytic solution injected into the outer case via the liquid injection port.

US Pat. No. 10,797,297

SECONDARY BATTERY

SANYO Electric Co., Ltd.,...

1. A secondary battery comprising:an electrode body including a positive electrode plate and a negative electrode plate; a battery case containing the electrode body; a terminal attached to the battery case;
a conductive member having an opening adjacent to the electrode body; a deformation plate that seals the opening, and a current collector; wherein
the positive electrode plate or the negative electrode plate is electrically connected to the terminal via the current collector, the deformation plate, and the conduct member,
the deformation plate has a thick portion, which has a larger thickness than a surrounding area, in a central part,
the thick portion is weld-connected to the current collector to form a weld, the deformation plate has an annular first groove on its surface adjacent to the electrode body and an annular second groove on its surface adjacent to the terminal,
in a radial direction of the deformation plate, at least part of the first groove is located outward of the second groove,
in the radial direction of the deformation plate, a width of the second groove is larger than a width of the first groove,
wherein a depth of the first groove is larger than a depth of the second groove,
the annular first groove does not overlap with the annular second groove in a thickness direction of the deformation plate,
an outermost thickness of the deformation plate is thicker than the thickness of the deformation plate corresponding with the first annular groove and thickness corresponding to the second annular groove and
the deformation plate deforms when an internal pressure of the battery case reaches a predetermined value or higher, and the deformation of the deformation plate causes electrical disconnection between the positive electrode plate or the negative electrode plate and the terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,797,296

SINGLE-CELL BATTERY, BATTERY MODULE, POWER BATTERY, AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, She...

1. A single-cell battery, comprising:a case;
a battery cell accommodated in the case;
an electrode terminal electrically connected to the battery cell;
a cover plate for sealing the case, wherein the electrode terminal is disposed on the cover plate, and the electrode terminal comprises a battery post passing through the cover plate and electrically connected to the battery cell; and
a current interruption device mounted on an outer end of the battery post outside of the case and in communication with gas inside the case, comprising a conductive member and a flipping member, wherein
the flipping member is connected to the conductive member, the flipping member and the conductive member are electrically disconnected from each other under an action of air pressure, and the conductive member is connected to the battery post, and
the conductive member is connected to an outer end surface of the battery post, and an outer periphery of the flipping member is fixed with respect to the cover plate.

US Pat. No. 10,797,295

SECONDARY BATTERY

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A secondary battery, comprising:an electrode assembly having a separator between first and second plates;
a case including the electrode assembly and having an opening;
a cap plate sealing the opening of the case and including a hole; and
a terminal plate on the cap plate and including a discharge hole aligned with the hole in the cap plate, the hole including a short circuit area therein, the short circuit area having a vent,
wherein:
the short circuit area includes a second area surrounding and extending from a first area such that the second area contacts the cap plate, and
the first area is thicker than an entirety of the second area.

US Pat. No. 10,797,294

WIRE ROUTING STRUCTURE AND BUSBAR MODULE

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A wire routing structure comprising:a case made of an insulative resin;
a wire routing groove which is formed in the case;
a first wire accommodated in the wire routing groove;
a second wire which crosses the first wires over the wire routing groove and to one end of which a connection terminal is attached; and
a hinge cover that is integrally formed with the case, is connected to the case via a hinge portion, and covers the wire routing groove,
wherein the hinge cover includes a wire holding portion that is provided on a top surface of the hinge cover and holds the second wire, and
wherein the hinge portion positions in an opposite side of the connection terminal while interposing the first wire between the hinge portion and the connection terminal, and positioned below the second wire, such that the hinge portion is underneath and overlapped with the second wire.

US Pat. No. 10,797,293

BATTERY PACK

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A battery pack comprising:a plurality of unit cells each including an electrode body having a structure in which a positive electrode and a negative electrode are stacked, the plurality of unit cells being stacked adjacent to one another in the same direction as a direction in which the positive electrode and the negative electrode of the electrode body are stacked; and
a busbar that electrically connects a positive electrode terminal of one of the plurality of unit cells to a negative electrode terminal of another of the plurality of unit cells in series,
wherein among all of the plurality of unit cells in the battery pack that are electrically connected to each other in series, adjacent unit cells of the plurality of unit cells are not directly electrically connected to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,797,292

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE, CURRENT COLLECTOR, AND COVER MEMBER

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. An energy storage device, comprising:an electrode assembly formed by stacking plates;
a first conductive member including a thinned wall thickness portion and welded, at the thinned wall thickness portion, to one of both surfaces of a converged portion on an end portion in a first direction of the electrode assembly without covering the converged portion from an end portion side; and
a second conductive member disposed on a side opposite to the first conductive member with the converged portion sandwiched between the first conductive member and the second conductive member,
wherein a welding surface of a welded portion, where the electrode assembly and the first conductive member are welded to each other, is disposed at a position recessed from an outer surface of the first conductive member,
wherein the converged portion extends in a second direction intersecting with the first direction, and
wherein the thinned wall thickness portion extends in the second direction such that a longitudinal direction of an extension of the thinned wall thickness portion is in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,797,291

BUS BAR MODULE

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A bus bar module comprising:an electric wire routing structure that is attached to a battery assembly including a plurality of battery cells and accommodates a plurality of bus bars in which each electrode of the battery cells is electrically connected to each other;
a plurality of electric wires connected to the battery cells via the bus bars, respectively;
an electric wire routing groove formed in the electric wire routing structure and accommodating the electric wires in a pair of side walls;
a first lid that is supported by a first side wall via a first hinge and covers the electric wire routing groove to block a groove opening;
an engaged portion formed on an opening/closing side edge of the first lid opposite to the first hinge;
an engaging portion formed on an outer surface of a second side wall and with which the engaged portion is engaged;
a sub-engaged portion formed on a support side edge of the first lid forming the first hinge;
a sub-engaging portion formed on an outer surface of the first side wall and with which the sub-engaged portion is engaged;
a protrusion wall protruding from an inner surface of the first side wall opposite to the sub-engaging portion to the second side wall; and
a second lid that is supported by the first side wall via a second hinge and covers the electric wire routing groove,
a second engaged portion formed on an opening/closing side edge of the second lid opposite to the second hinge;
a second engaging portion formed on the outer surface of the second side wall and with which the second engaged portion is engaged;
a second sub-engaged portion formed on a support side edge of the second lid forming the second hinge; and
a second sub-engaging portion formed on the outer surface of the first side wall and with which the second sub-engaged portion is engaged,
wherein the first lid and the second lid are arranged side-by-side along an extending direction of the electric wire routing groove.

US Pat. No. 10,797,290

ASSEMBLY OF ELECTRONIC COMPONENTS

STMicroelectronics (Tours...

1. A device, comprising:a plurality of identical planar electronic components stacked on each other along an axis Z that is orthogonal to opposed top and bottom surfaces to form an assembly, wherein the planar electronic components have a peripheral edge which in a top view facing the top surface has a circular shape,
each planar electronic component including two contact metallizations positioned inside the peripheral edge of circular shape at a same surface of the planar electronic component, and each planar electronic component including an opening extending into the planar electronic component from said peripheral edge at a location adjacent to each contact metallization,
wherein each successive planar electronic component in said assembly is rotated around the axis Z by a fixed angle relative to an adjacent planar electronic component in said assembly, the fixed angle having a value that positions, side by side, one of the contact metallizations of one planar electronic component and one of the contact metallizations of another planar electronic component adjacent said one planar electronic component, and
an electrical connection between said two side-by-side contact metallizations on adjacent planar electronic components, where each electrical connection passes through one of said openings.

US Pat. No. 10,797,289

WIRING MODULE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A power storage module, comprising:a plurality of power storage elements each including a pair of positive and negative electrode terminals and an electrode arrangement surface, for each power storage element, the pair of electrode terminals are both arranged on the electrode arrangement surface; and
a battery connection module mounted on the plurality of power storage elements, the battery connection module includes:
bus bars that connect the adjacent electrode terminals of the plurality of power storage elements;
bus bar holding portions that hold the bus bars; and
an insulating protector that includes the bus bar holding portions and is provided in correspondence with a predetermined number of power storage elements that is two or more among the plurality of power storage elements, the insulating protector includes:
a first positioning portion that engages with a first positioned portion provided between the pair of electrode terminals on the electrode arrangement surface of one power storage element among the predetermined number of electrode elements; and
a second positioning portion that engages with a second positioned portion provided in a periphery of at least one of the pair of electrode terminals on the electrode arrangement surface of the one power storage element among the predetermined number of power storage elements, or on the electrode arrangement surface of one other power storage element among the predetermined number of power storage elements,
wherein the first positioning portion is one of a protruding portion or a recessed portion and the first positioned portion is the other of the protruding portion or the recessed portion, and wherein the first positioning portion and the first positioned portion fit together.

US Pat. No. 10,797,287

ORGANIC/INORGANIC COMPOSITE POROUS MEMBRANE, AND SEPARATOR AND ELECTRODE STRUCTURE COMPRISING THE SAME

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method for preparing an organic/inorganic composite porous membrane for an electrochemical device, comprising:(S1) providing unit particles where one or more particles are selected from inorganic particles and organic particles or an agglomerate of the inorganic particles and the organic particles; coating the unit particles with a binder polymer in a solution of the binder polymer; passing the coated unit particles through a membrane into an aqueous solution; forming a slurry from the aqueous solution and the coated unit particles; and
(S2) applying the slurry and then heating the unit particles to make the unit particles be bonded with each other on a porous polymer film substrate or a porous polymer non-woven substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,797,286

THIN, HIGH DENSITY NONWOVEN SEPARATORS FOR ENERGY STORAGE DEVICES

Dreamweaver International...

1. A polymeric battery separator comprising a nonwoven combination of microfibers and nanofibers,wherein said microfibers and nanofibers are present as a single layer structure such that a plurality of said microfibers forms a base substrate and said nano fibers are present within the interstices between said plurality of microfibers as well as on the surface of the substrate formed from said plurality of microfibers,
wherein said single layer nonwoven separator structure provides sufficient porosity for electrolyte transfer therethrough and suitable prevention of electrode contact through said a single layer structure,
wherein said microfibers have a diameter greater than 2 microns and said nanofibers have a diameter less than 700 nm, and
said single layer nonwoven separator exhibits a maximum thickness of 25 microns, a maximum porosity of 45%, a mean pore flow size of 0.7 microns, and a minimum tensile strength of 2 kN/cm2.

US Pat. No. 10,797,285

BATTERY PACK INCLUDING PLURAL ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS ENCAPSULATED BY ENCAPSULANT AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE

Cummins Battery Systems N...

1. A battery pack comprising:a housing;
a plurality of electrochemical cells mounted within the housing;
an encapsulant flow path extending from a first portion of the battery pack to a second portion of the battery pack; and
a tray having a plurality of raised support surfaces, each raised support surface having an uppermost surface that is in contact with and supports at least one of the plurality of electrochemical cells, and one or more gaps located between the plurality of raised support surfaces;
wherein the encapsulant flow path is aligned with at least one groove formed in the tray, the at least one groove having a total area and extending below the uppermost surface of the raised support surface;
wherein a total area of the uppermost surface is greater than the total area of the at least one groove; and
wherein the at least one groove and the one or more gaps are all configured to receive encapsulant from the encapsulant flow path.

US Pat. No. 10,797,283

BATTERY MODULE

CONTEMPORARY AMPEREX TECH...

1. A battery module, comprising:a battery group including a plurality of batteries arranged in a Y direction;
two end plates respectively positioned at two ends of the battery group in the Y direction; and
two side plates respectively positioned at two ends of the battery group in an X direction;
wherein
each end plate has X direction groove portions respectively formed to two ends of the end plate in the X direction;
each side plate has: a body portion positioned in one of the two ends of the battery group in the X direction; and inserting portions respectively extending from two ends of the body portion in the Y direction toward the X direction;
the inserting portions of each side plate are respectively inserted into the corresponding X direction groove portions of the end plates to limit relative movement between each side plate and the end plates in the Y direction, and make each side plate and the end plates fixed and connected;
each end plate has one top surface, two narrow side surfaces, two wide side surfaces and one bottom surface;
the X direction groove portions of each end plate extend downwardly from the top surface of the end plate in a Z direction and respectively extend from the narrow side surfaces toward the X direction;
each end plate further has Z direction position-limiting holes, each Z direction position-limiting hole extends from an end of each X direction groove portion in the X direction toward the Z direction and communicates with the X direction groove portion; each side plate further has curling portions, each curling portion is formed at an end of each inserting portion in the X direction; the curling portions of each side plate are respectively inserted into the corresponding Z direction position-limiting holes of the end plates to limit relative movement between each side plate and the end plates in the X direction; and
a diameter of each Z direction position-limiting hole is larger than a width of the corresponding X direction groove portion in the Y direction.

US Pat. No. 10,797,282

BATTERY MODULE WITH IMPROVED CURRENT-FLOW ABILITY

MICROVAST POWER SYSTEMS C...

1. A battery module, comprising:several cell laminations laminated together along a laminating direction, which comprises at least a first cell lamination and a second cell lamination, each cell lamination comprises multiple cells laminated together and a busbar, the busbar comprises a connection portion and a current-flow portion, the connection portion electrically connects with lugs of the cells, and connects with the current-flow portion; and
a conductive plate located beside the cell laminations, the conductive plate is a single piece with different portions thereof being made of same material, a first end of the conductive plate at least electrically connects with the current-flow portion of the busbar in the first cell lamination, and a second end of the conductive plate at least electrically connects with the current-flow portion of the busbar in the second cell lamination, the first end and the second end thereof are opposite to each other along the laminating direction.

US Pat. No. 10,797,281

HAND-HELD POWER TOOL AND RECHARGEABLE BATTERY PACK FOR A HAND-HELD POWER TOOL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A hand-held power tool, comprising:a drive motor situated in a housing for driving a mechanical interface;
an electronics system situated in the housing; a rechargeable battery pack that is detachably connectable to the hand-held power tool; and
an interface with countercontact elements for electrically and/or mechanically contacting contact elements of the rechargeable battery pack, wherein the interface includes at least four electrical countercontact elements, the countercontact elements being wired together so that the drive motor is supplied with the required voltage when the rechargeable battery pack is inserted;
wherein the rechargeable battery pack for the hand-held power tool includes:
a rechargeable battery pack housing, the rechargeable battery pack housing accommodating at least two rechargeable battery cells; and
a battery pack interface for establishing a mechanical and electrical connection of the rechargeable battery pack to the hand-held power tool and/or a charging device;
wherein the battery pack interface includes the contact elements for electrically and/or mechanically contacting corresponding countercontact elements on the hand-held power tool and/or corresponding countercontact elements on the charging device, and
wherein the rechargeable battery pack housing includes at least one first rechargeable battery cell string for accommodating multiple first rechargeable battery cells, that are electroconductively connected to one another in series, and at least one second rechargeable battery cell string for accommodating multiple second rechargeable battery cells that are electroconductively connected to one another in series, the rechargeable battery pack housing including at least two electrical contact elements for each rechargeable battery cell string.

US Pat. No. 10,797,280

BATTERY MODULE

CONTEMPORARY AMPEREX TECH...

1. A battery module, comprising:a plurality of battery units arranged side by side in a thickness direction, each battery unit comprising:
at least one pouch-type secondary battery; and
a fixture securely mounting the at least one pouch-type secondary battery;
two side plates respectively positioned at two ends of the plurality of battery units in a length direction;
wherein
a first engaging portion is formed between the fixtures of every two adjacent battery units at each end in the length direction;
each side plate has a plurality of second engaging portions, each second engaging portion is engaged with the corresponding first engaging portion to securely connect each side plate and the every two adjacent battery units;
each fixture comprises:
a first cover plate;
a second cover plate facing the first cover plate in the thickness direction; and
two brackets respectively positioned at two sides of the first cover plate and the second cover plate in the length direction and detachably fixed to the first cover plate and the second cover plate;
wherein at least two pouch-type secondary batteries are received in a receiving space formed by the first cover plate, the second cover plate and the two brackets.

US Pat. No. 10,797,279

BATTERY HOUSING SYSTEMS

Caterpillar Inc., Peoria...

1. A battery module pack comprising:a cooling device including a conduit; and
a plurality of battery modules each including:
a housing having a length, a width, and a height,
the housing further including four sidewalls, a first open end, and a second open end opposite the first open end, the four sidewalls extending the length of the housing and forming a seamless closed channel member, wherein at least two of the sidewalls include a flat exterior surface for engaging the cooling device;
a plurality of battery cells stacked lengthwise within the housing;
a first endplate coupled to the first open end of the housing; and
a second endplate coupled to the second open end of the housing;
wherein the plurality of battery modules are stacked atop one another with the flat exterior surface of each battery module disposed over or underneath the flat exterior surface of another battery module; and
wherein the conduit is positioned between the plurality of battery modules along the at least two sidewalls such that the flat exterior surfaces of adjacent battery modules are separated from one another by the conduit.

US Pat. No. 10,797,278

ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a battery housing portion, wherein the battery housing portion includes
a housing portion main body and
a lid body which covers an opening portion of the housing portion main body,
wherein the opening portion includes
a top surface opening portion which faces a bottom surface of the housing portion main body, and
a peripheral surface opening portion which is formed on one peripheral wall of four peripheral walls intersecting the bottom surface of the housing portion main body, continues to the top surface opening portion, and reaches the bottom surface or the vicinity of the bottom surface,
wherein the battery housing portion is configured to mount a secondary battery,
wherein the housing portion main body includes
a secondary battery terminal which is positioned on a terminal surface of the housing portion main body and is configured to extract electric power from the secondary battery that is mounted through the peripheral surface opening portion,
a pair of guide portions which are configured to engage with guide grooves of the secondary battery and are configured to receive an urging force from the secondary battery terminal, and
a terminal protection portion that faces the secondary battery terminal and is at least partially aligned with and spaced apart from the terminal surface such that the terminal protection portion and the terminal surface are configured to extend along opposite sides of the secondary battery, wherein the terminal protection portion is configured to prevent the secondary battery from being mounted through the top surface opening portion.

US Pat. No. 10,797,277

THIN FILM ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL WITH A POLYMER DOUBLE SEAL

ELECTROVAYA INC., Missis...

1. A thin film electrochemical pouch cell comprising:an electrode assembly comprising a cathode current collector, a cathode, an electrolyte, an anode, and an anode current collector;
a first polymer layer forming a primary seal area substantially enclosing the electrode assembly;
a second polymer layer forming a secondary seal area covering at least a portion of the first polymer layer; and
two electrically conductive tabs,
wherein the second polymer layer is a non-uniform polymer layer, the non-uniform polymer layer being applied to selected regions covering the first polymer layer to promote heat transfer in the selected regions, and
wherein the secondary seal area extends along the primary seal area.

US Pat. No. 10,797,276

SEALED BIPOLAR BATTERY ASSEMBLY

Gridtential Energy, Inc.,...

1. A bipolar battery assembly, comprising:a first stackable casing frame;
a first rigid current collector comprising a conductive silicon substrate, the first rigid current collector including at least one surface having a first active material conductivity type located thereon;
a second rigid current collector comprising a conductive silicon substrate, the second rigid current collector including at least one surface having a second active material conductivity type located thereon, the second active material conductivity type corresponding to a battery electrode polarity opposite the first active material conductivity type;
a first electrolyte region defined at least in part by the stackable casing frame, and the first and second rigid current collectors; and
a first seal located along the surface of the first rigid current collector at a perimeter nearby the first active material and a second seal located along the surface of the second rigid current collector at a perimeter nearby the second active material, the first and second seals configured to provide a liquid-tight enclosure for the first electrolyte region;
wherein at least one of the first or second rigid current collectors comprises a bipolar battery plate having the first active material conductivity type on a first surface, and having the second active material conductivity type on a second surface opposite the first surface.

US Pat. No. 10,797,275

ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE ENERGY STORAGE DEVICE

GS YUASA INTERNATIONAL LT...

1. An energy storage device, comprising:a conductive member which penetrates a case and is connected to a terminal main body,
wherein the case includes:
a through hole through which the conductive member penetrates;
a concave portion which is at least a portion of a periphery of the through hole, and is formed on one of an inner surface and an outer surface of the case; and
a convex portion which is formed at a position opposite to the concave portion on an other one of the inner surface and the outer surface of the case, and
wherein, in a plan view of the outer surface, the terminal main body has a shape such that at least a portion of the terminal main body is larger than the concave portion, and
wherein the through hole is provided in the concave portion.

US Pat. No. 10,797,274

SECONDARY BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A secondary battery comprising:an electrode assembly comprising a first electrode, a second electrode, and a separator between the first electrode and the second electrode;
a cap-up electrically connected to the first electrode;
a case accommodating the electrode assembly therein, the case defining an opening in which the cap-up is inserted;
a first insulator between the cap-up and the case; and
a second insulator between the first insulator and the cap-up, the second insulator contacting the first insulator,
wherein the second insulator has a higher melting point than the first insulator; and
wherein the cap-up comprises a circumferential flange extending outward in a radial direction to an outer edge, the outer edge being adjacent to the first insulator along the radial direction, and the second insulator is directly on and contacting the cap-up and has the same diameter or a smaller diameter than the circumferential flange.

US Pat. No. 10,797,273

RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A rechargeable battery comprising:an electrode assembly comprising a first electrode and a second electrode;
a housing having an open side, the housing accommodating the electrode assembly;
a cap assembly comprising a cap plate for closing and sealing the open side of the housing and a first terminal extending through the cap plate, the cap plate comprising a coupling groove at a bottom surface thereof, the coupling groove being offset from where the first terminal extends through the cap plate, an inner diameter of the coupling groove increasing along its depth from the bottom surface of the cap plate toward an opposite upper surface of the cap plate;
a first current collecting member under the cap assembly and connected to the first electrode and the first terminal;
a second current collecting member under the cap assembly and connected to the second electrode; and
an insulating case joined with the cap assembly, the insulating case comprising a coupling protrusion inserted into the coupling groove in the cap plate, the insulating case having a closed shape with opposite first edges and opposite second edges and an open portion between the first and second edges, the open portion exposing a portion of a top surface of the electrode assembly through the insulating case, the first and second current collecting members protruding into and being respectively connected to the first and second electrodes in the open portion,
wherein a top surface of the insulating case contacts the cap plate and a bottom surface thereof is above the top surface of the electrode assembly, and
wherein the insulating case has grooves at portions thereof respectively corresponding to the first and second current collecting members, the grooves being in the first edges, open to the top surface of the insulating case, and extending in a depth direction toward the bottom surface thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,797,272

ELECTRODE STACK RESTRAINT

Robert Bosch Battery Syst...

1. A battery cell comprisinga cell housing,
an electrode plate stack disposed in the housing, the electrode plate stack including positive electrode plates, alternating with negative electrode plates and separated by intermediate separator plates, the electrode plate stack including a first end, a second end opposed to the first end and a stacking axis corresponding to a stacking direction of the positive electrode plates and the negative electrode plates, and
an elastic restraint that surrounds the electrode plate stack and applies a compressive force to the electrode plate stack in a direction parallel to the stack axis, the electrode plate stack and the elastic restraint providing an assembly that is disposed inside the cell housing, the elastic restraint including:
a first end cap that overlies the first end of the electrode plate stack;
a second end cap that overlies the second end of the electrode plate stack; and
an elastic member that joins the first end cap to the second end cap,wherein the first end cap has a “U” shape defined by a first closed end that faces the first end of the electrode stack and parallel first legs that protrude from the first closed end toward the second end of the electrode stack in a direction parallel to the stacking axis, and the first end cap includes a first open end opposed to the first closed end, andthe second end cap has a “U” shape defined by a second closed end that faces the second end of the electrode stack and parallel second legs that protrude from the second closed end toward the first end of the electrode stack in a direction parallel to the stacking axis, and the second end cap includes a second open end opposed to the second closed end.

US Pat. No. 10,797,271

MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR OLED DISPLAY PANEL

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A manufacturing method for OLED display panel, which comprises:providing an OLED substrate, a cover plate and an encapsulant, wherein the OLED substrate comprising a plurality of OLED substrate units arranged in an array, the encapsulant comprising an encapsulation colloid and two release films adhered respectively to two opposite sides of the encapsulation colloid; and
patterning the encapsulation colloid of the encapsulant, wherein specifically, dividing the encapsulation colloid into a plurality of target encapsulation areas so that each target encapsulation area corresponds to each of the plurality of OLED substrate units, and a gap area outside of the target encapsulation areas, performing disintegration treatment on a portion of the encapsulation colloid belonging to the gap area so that a surface of the portion of the encapsulation colloid belonging to the gap area loses adhesiveness;
wherein the manufacturing method for OLED display panel specifically comprising the following steps of:
Step 1: providing an OLED substrate, a cover plate and an encapsulant;
Step 2: removing the release film from one side of the encapsulation colloid;
Step 3: attaching the entirety of the cover plate to the encapsulation colloid at the side with the release film removed;
Step 4: removing the release film from the other side of the encapsulation colloid;
Step 5: patterning the encapsulation colloid of the encapsulant, dividing the encapsulation colloid into a plurality of target encapsulation areas so that each target encapsulation area corresponds to each of the plurality of OLED substrate units, and a gap area outside of the target encapsulation areas, performing disintegration treatment from the other side of the encapsulation colloid on a portion of the encapsulation colloid belonging to the gap area so that a surface of the portion of the encapsulation colloid belonging to the gap area loses adhesiveness;
Step 6: attaching the other side of the encapsulation colloid to the OLED substrate;
Step 7: for each of the plurality of OLED substrate units, cutting the OLED substrate and cover plate bonded to the encapsulation colloid to obtain a plurality of OLED display panels;
wherein in the step of patterning the encapsulation colloid of the encapsulant, a particle beam bombardment process being used to perform disintegration treatment on a surface of the gap area portion of the encapsulation colloid so that the surface of the gap area portion of the encapsulation colloid loses adhesiveness.

US Pat. No. 10,797,270

NOZZLE-DROPLET COMBINATION TECHNIQUES TO DEPOSIT FLUIDS IN SUBSTRATE LOCATIONS WITHIN PRECISE TOLERANCES

KATEEVA, INC., Newark, C...

1. In the manufacture of electronic devices arrayed on a substrate to form respective parts of a common product, the electronic devices each having a common structure comprising multiple layers, a method of forming a specific layer of the common structure using a printer having a print head, the print head having nozzles to eject a liquid onto the substrate in order to form the specific layer of each of the electronic devices, the method comprising:receiving information for each corresponding one of the nozzles which identifies expected volume of droplets to be produced by the corresponding one of the nozzles, the information representing empirical measurement of a droplet produced by the corresponding one of the nozzles, the information to identify picoliter-scale variation in the expected volume from nozzle-to-nozzle;
for each of the electronic devices, identifying an associated droplet combination for which the corresponding expected volumes necessarily sum to a value lying within a predetermined volume tolerance range;
for each of the electronic devices, controlling the printer so as to deposit the associated droplet combination of the liquid into a fluidic well for the one of the electronic devices; and
processing the liquid once in the fluidic well to form the specific layer for each of the electronic devices, wherein processing includes at least one of baking the liquid or curing the liquid;
wherein the printer is to move the print head in a scanning direction relative to the substrate during deposition of the droplets, and wherein for at least two of the electronic devices which are adjacent to one another in a dimension orthogonal to the scanning direction relative to others of the electronic devices, the associated droplet combinations differ from one another;
wherein the method further comprises intermittently performing a calibration operation,
wherein performing the calibration operation comprises
transporting the print head relative to a droplet measurement system, to bring the print head and the droplet measurement system into proximity of one another,
sequentially using a laser device to measure droplet volume for at least one droplet produced by each one of the nozzles of the print head and, dependent on the measured droplet volume, associating an expected droplet volume with the one of the nozzles, and
updating the information for each corresponding one of the nozzles which identifies expected volume of droplets to be produced by the corresponding one of the nozzles; and
wherein identifying the associated droplet combination for each one of the electronic devices is performed in dependence on the updated information obtained from the calibration operation.

US Pat. No. 10,797,269

POLYMERIC FILMS AND DISPLAY DEVICES CONTAINING SUCH FILMS

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A polymeric film comprising:a first polymeric layer having two major surfaces, wherein the first polymeric layer comprises:
a first polymeric matrix having a refractive index n1; and
particles having a refractive index n2 uniformly dispersed within the first polymeric matrix;
wherein the particles are present in an amount of less than 30 vol-%, based on the volume of the first polymeric layer, and have a particle size range of 400 nm to 3000 nm; and
wherein n1 is different than n2;
wherein the polymeric film has:
a clarity of at least 80%;
a visible light transmission of at least 85%;
a bulk haze of 15% to 80%; and
a normalized micro-haze non-uniformity of not more than 12% across the polymeric film.

US Pat. No. 10,797,268

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

JOLED INC., Tokyo (JP)

1. A light-emitting device comprising:a first reflective surface;
a second reflective surface that faces the first reflective surface;
a light-emitting layer that is provided between the first reflective surface and the second reflective surface, and outputs light of a wavelength ?; and
a third reflective surface that faces the second reflective surface, and is located at a distance within ?/4 from the second reflective surface.

US Pat. No. 10,797,267

PACKAGE STRUCTURE, MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR THE SAME, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

CHENGDU BOE OPTOELECTRONI...

1. A package structure, comprising:a substrate;
an organic light emitting device disposed on the substrate;
an encapsulation film layer disposed above the organic light emitting device, the encapsulation film layer encapsulating the organic light emitting device onto the substrate,
wherein an adsorption structure is formed in the encapsulation film layer, and the adsorption structure is configured to absorb moisture and oxygen,
wherein the adsorption structure comprises a plurality of pores, and the plurality of pores are uniformly distributed in the encapsulation film layer, and each of the pores is partially filled with an inert gas.

US Pat. No. 10,797,266

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY HAVING A THROUGH-HOLE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting display comprising:a through hole;
a substrate comprising a first area corresponding to the through hole, a second area, and a third area between the first area and the second area;
a first insulation layer on the substrate;
an array of pixels in the second area, each of the pixels comprising a pixel electrode layer over the first insulation layer, an opposite electrode layer facing the pixel electrode layer, and an intermediate layer between the pixel electrode layer and the opposite electrode layer; and
a separator on the first insulation layer in the third area, wherein the separator has a first portion that is wider than a second portion below the first portion,
wherein the intermediate layer comprises at least one organic layer extending toward the through hole and being disconnected by the separator.

US Pat. No. 10,797,265

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a substrate including a first surface and a second surface and a curved part between the first surface and the second surface; a display element being arranged on the first surface;
a conducting layer connected with the display element and extending to the second surface from the first surface via the curved part;
a first organic protective layer at least partially on the conducting layer in the curved part; and
a resin layer on the first organic protective layer and the conductive layer, wherein
the conducting layer includes a first conductive layer and a second conductive layer on the first conductive layer,
the second conductive layer is arranged on the first organic protective layer so that the first organic protective layer is sandwiched by the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer in the curved part,
the first conductive layer is directly in contact with the second conductive layer in the first surface and the second surface, and
the first conductive layer and the second conductive layer are separated by the first organic protective layer in the curved part.

US Pat. No. 10,797,264

OLED PACKAGING METHOD AND OLED PACKAGING STRUCTURE

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. An OLED packaging method comprising steps of:step S 1: providing a base substrate and forming an OLED device on the base substrate;
step S2: forming a first thin-film encapsulation unit on the base substrate and the OLED device, wherein the first thin-film encapsulation unit includes a first inorganic barrier layer that covers an upper surface of the OLED device, and a first organic buffering layer that surrounds the first inorganic barrier layer and the OLED device; the first organic buffering layer includes a ring-shaped organic layer that that covers an edge position of the upper surface of the first inorganic barrier layer and a side surface of the OLED device and a first planar organic layer that covers a region of the upper surface of the first inorganic barrier layer which is surrounded by the first ring-shaped organic layer; the first planar organic layer and the first ring-shaped organic layer are integrated together; an upper surface of the first organic buffering layer is flat;
wherein the step S2 includes steps of:
step S21: forming a first inorganic barrier layer covering the upper surface of the OLED device;
step S22: printing an organic material at the edge position of the first inorganic barrier layer, and after curing the organic material, the first ring-shaped organic layer is formed, wherein the first ring-shaped organic layer covers the edge position of the upper surface of the first inorganic barrier layer and the side surface of the OLED device, and forms an embankment structure at the edge position of upper surface of the first inorganic barrier layer; and
step S23: printing an organic material on a region of the upper surface of the first inorganic barrier layer surrounded by the first ring-shaped organic layer, and after the organic material is flowed to be smooth, curing the organic material to form the first planar organic layer, the first planar organic layer and the first ring-shaped organic layer are integrated together to form a first organic buffering layer, and the upper surface of the first organic buffering layer is flat.

US Pat. No. 10,797,263

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY PANEL, DISPLAY DEVICE, AND FABRICATION METHOD OF DISPLAY SUBSTRATE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display substrate comprising:a flexible substrate having a plurality of pixel regions; and
a plurality of grooves positioned in the flexible substrate and surrounding each of the pixel regions, wherein at least a portion of each groove is curved,
wherein the plurality of grooves form a vortex pattern at a periphery of the pixel region.

US Pat. No. 10,797,262

ORGANIC-BASED LIGHTING DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An organic light emitting device, comprising:an array region including a light-emission area and a non-light-emission area; and
a bezel region outside the array region,
wherein the array region has a structure where a gate line, a first electrode, a passivation film, an organic light-emission layer, and a second electrode are disposed on a substrate, and
wherein the bezel region has a structure where the gate line, the first electrode and the passivation film are stacked on the substrate, and the passivation film contacts both the gate line and the first electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,797,261

DISPLAY FILM AND DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING SAME

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A display film comprising:a base layer; and
a coating layer formed on one surface of the base layer, the coating layer comprising a siloxane resin,
the display film having a first surface at a base layer side and a second surface at a coating layer side,
wherein the display film has a first critical radius of curvature of about 10 mm or less, as measured in a direction in which the first surface becomes concave, and a second critical radius of curvature of about 5 mm or less, as measured in a direction in which the second surface becomes concave with reference to a display film having a thickness of 100 ?m in which the base layer has a thickness of 50 ?m and the coating layer has a thickness of 50 ?m, and
wherein the display film has a pencil hardness of about 5H or more,
wherein the coating layer is formed of a coating composition, the coating composition comprising:
an epoxy group-containing siloxane resin;
a reactive monomer comprising at least one selected from an acid anhydride monomer, an epoxy group-containing monomer, and an oxetane group-containing monomer;
a polyfunctional acrylic oligomer, and
an initiator,
wherein a weight ratio of the epoxy group-containing siloxane resin to the polyfunctional acrylic oligomer is about 2:1 to about 100:1, and
wherein the epoxy group-containing siloxane resin is present in an amount of about 30 wt % to about 90 wt % based on a total weight of the coating composition.

US Pat. No. 10,797,260

OLED SUBSTRATE AND FABRICATION METHOD THEREOF, AND DISPLAY PANEL

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A method for fabricating an OLED substrate, comprising:forming an auxiliary cathode in a display region on a base substrate;
forming an organic material functional layer in the display region on the base substrate where the auxiliary cathode is formed;
supplying electric power to the auxiliary cathode to deform the auxiliary cathode, such that the organic material functional layer is ruptured by the auxiliary cathode deformed to form a connection channel; and
forming a cathode in the display region on the base substrate where the organic material functional layer is formed, wherein the cathode is electrically connected to the auxiliary cathode at the connection channel.

US Pat. No. 10,797,259

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE WITH HIGH EFFICIENCY

SFC CO., LTD., Cheongju-...

1. An organic light-emitting diode, comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode facing the first electrode; and
a light-emitting layer interposed therebetween,
wherein the light-emitting layer contains; at least one selected from the group consisting of an amine compound represented by the following Chemical Formula A or Chemical Formula B and a pyrene compound represented by the following Chemical Formula C; and an anthracene compound represented by the following Chemical Formula D:

wherein,
A1, A2, E, and F are the same or different and are each independently a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon ring of 6 to 50 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic heterocyclic ring of 2 to 40 carbon atoms, wherein two adjacent carbon atoms of the aromatic ring A1 and two adjacent carbon atoms of the aromatic ring A2 form a 5-membered fused ring together with W;
Linkers L1 to L12 are the same or different and are each independently selected from among a single bond, a substituted or unsubstituted arylene of 6 to 60 carbon atoms, and a substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylene of 2 to 60 carbon atoms;
W is selected from among CR1R2, SiR1R2, GeR1R2, O, S, and NR1,
M is any one selected from among N—R3, CR4R5, SiR6R7, GeR8R9, O, S, and Se;
R1 to R9, and Ar1 to Ar8 are same or different and are each independently any one selected from among a hydrogen, a deuterium, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl of 1 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl of 6 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl of 3 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl of 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heterocycloalkyl of 2 to 30 carbon atoms a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsilyl of 1 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylsilyl of 6 to 30 carbon atoms, a cyano, and a halogen, with a proviso that R1 and R2 may be bonded to each other to form a mono- or polycyclic aliphatic or aromatic ring, which may be a heterocyclic ring bearing a heteroatom selected from among N, O, Si, and S as a ring member;
p1 to p4, r1 to r4, and s1 to s4 are each independently an integer of 1 to 3, with a proviso that when any of them is 2 or greater, the corresponding linkers may be same or different;
x is 1, and y and z are the same or different and are each independently an integer of 0 to 1;
Ar1 may form a ring with Are, Ara may form a ring with Ar4, Ar5 may form a ring with Ar6, and Ar7 may form a ring with Ar5;
two adjacent carbon atoms of the A2 ring moiety of Chemical Formula A may occupy respective positions * of Structural Formula Q1 to form a fused ring, and
two adjacent carbon atoms of the A1 ring moiety of Chemical Formula B may occupy respective positions * of structural Formula Q2 to form a fused ring, and two adjacent carbon atoms of the A2 ring moiety of Chemical Formula B may occupy respective positions * of Structural Formula Q1 to form a fused ring,

wherein,
R11 to R16 may be same or different and are each independently any one selected from among a hydrogen, a deuterium, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl of 1 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl of 6 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl of 3 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsilyl of 1 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylsilyl of 6 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylgermanium of 1 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylgermanium of 6 to 30 carbon atoms, a cyano, and a halogen, with a proviso that each of the unsubstituted carbon atoms of the aromatic ring moieties of R11 to R16 is bound with a hydrogen atom or a deuterium atom;
h, i, j, and k are each an integer of 0 to 3, with a proviso that when each of them is 2 or greater, the corresponding R11's to R14's are each same or different;
l and m are each an integer of 0 to 4, with a proviso that when each of them are 2 or greater, the corresponding R15's and R16's are each same or different;
wherein a bond may be formed between R11 and adjacent X1 or X2, between R12 and adjacent X3 or X4, between R13 and adjacent X5 or X6, and between R14 and adjacent X7 or X8, or when each of R11 to R14 exists in duplicate or more, individual R11's to R14's may be bonded to each other to form a mono- or polycyclic aliphatic or aromatic ring, which may be heterocyclic ring bearing a heteroatom selected from among, N, O, P, Si, and S as a ring member,
wherein X1 to X8 may be same or different and are each independently selected from among a hydrogen, a deuterium, and a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl of 1 to 20 carbon atoms, with a proviso that at least X1, X2, X5 and X6 among X1 to X8 are each a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl of 1 to 20 carbon atoms,

wherein,
Ar9 is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl of 6 to 50 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl of 2 to 50 carbon atoms,
R21 to R28 are the same or different and are each independently selected from among a hydrogen, a deuterium, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl of 1 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl of 3 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl of 6 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl of 2 to 50 carbon atoms bearing O, N or S as a heteroatom, a substituted or unsubstituted silyl of 1 to 30 carbon atoms, a cyano and a halogen,
R29 is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl of 6 to 50 carbon atoms,
linker L is selected from among a single bond and a substituted or unsubstituted arylene of 6 to 60 carbon atoms,
“***” of X denotes a bonding site to be linked to linker L,
wherein the term ‘substituted’ in the expression ‘substituted or unsubstituted’ used in Chemical Formulas A, B, C, and D means having at least one substituent selected from the group consisting of a deuterium, a cyano, a halogen, a nitro, an alkyl of 1 to 24 carbon atoms, a halogenated alkyl of 1 to 24 carbon atoms, a heteroalkyl of 1 to 24 carbon atoms, an aryl of 6 to 24 carbon atoms, an arylalkyl of 7 to 24 carbon atoms, a heteroaryl of 2 to 24 carbon atoms or a heteroarylalkyl of 2 to 24 carbon atoms, an alkylsilyl of 1 to 24 carbon atoms, an arylsilyl of 6 to 24 carbon atoms, and an aryloxy of 6 to 24 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,797,258

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MATCHING ELECTRODE RESISTANCES IN OLED LIGHT PANELS

Universal Display Corpora...

1. A method of fabricating an electrode for an organic light emitting device, comprising:obtaining a first electrode material source;
disposing the first electrode material source over a substrate;
arranging the substrate on a substrate jig at an angle ? relative to a line normal to the substrate from the first electrode material source, where 0 depositing the first electrode material from the first electrode material source onto the substrate to form a first electrode having a non-uniform thickness.

US Pat. No. 10,797,257

LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT, LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE, DISPLAY DEVICE, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND LIGHTING DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A light-emitting device comprising a light-emitting layer,the light-emitting layer comprising:
a phosphorescent compound as a guest material; and
a first organic compound and a second organic compound as a host material,
wherein the first organic compound and the second organic compound are configured to form an exciplex,
wherein an emission spectrum of the exciplex has an overlap with a wavelength of a longest-wavelength-side peak of a function ?(?)?4 of the phosphorescent compound,
wherein ? denotes a wavelength, and
wherein ?(?) denotes a molar absorption coefficient of the phosphorescent compound and is a function of the wavelength ?.

US Pat. No. 10,797,256

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENCE DEVICE, ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENCE UNIT, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

JOLED INC., Tokyo (JP)

1. An organic electroluminescence device comprising, in order:a first electrode;
a hole transport layer, that is a coated film, which is formed by coating and drying a solution containing, as a solute, a hole transporting material having an insoluble group, the hole transport layer being insoluble to an organic solvent or water;
a single organic light-emitting layer that is another coated film;
an electron transport layer; and
a second electrode, wherein
the organic light-emitting layer has a light emission region and a non-emission region,
the light emission region and the non-emission region each include a host material and a dopant material, and
greater than 50% of the light emission region is in a half of the organic light-emitting layer that is closer to the electron transport layer than to the hole transport layer.

US Pat. No. 10,797,255

MATERIAL PRODUCTION PROCESS WITH ALKYLAMINE

OXFORD UNIVERSITY INNOVAT...

1. A process for producing a layer of crystalline A/M/X material, which crystalline A/M/X material comprises a compound of formula [A]a[M]b[X]c,wherein:
[M] comprises one or more first cations, which one or more first cations are one or more metal or metalloid cations selected from Ca2+, Sr2+, Cd2+, Cu2+, Ni2+, Mn2+, Fe2+, Co2+, Pd2+, Ge2+, Sn2+, Pb2+, Yb2+, Eu2+, Bi3+, Sb3+, Pd4+, W4+, Re4+, Os4+, Ir4+, Pt4+, Sn4+, Pb4+, Ge4+ and Te4+;
[A] comprises one or more second cations;
[X] comprises one or more halide anions;
a is an integer from 1 to 6;
b is an integer from 1 to 6; and
c is an integer from 1 to 18,
and wherein the process comprises disposing on a substrate a precursor composition comprising:
(a) a first precursor compound comprising a first cation (M), which first cation is a metal or metalloid cation; and
(b) a solvent,
wherein the solvent comprises;
(i) acetonitrile, propionitrile, acetone or a mixture thereof; and
(ii) an alkylamine.

US Pat. No. 10,797,254

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING ORGANIC SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A method of manufacturing an organic semiconductor device, comprising:providing a substrate;
forming a sacrificial layer on the substrate;
performing a patterned surface treatment to the sacrificial layer and forming a patterned lyophobic area on the sacrificial layer;
forming a patterned organic semiconductor layer on the sacrificial layer, wherein a pattern of the patterned lyophobic area of the sacrificial layer and a pattern of the patterned organic semiconductor layer are same or complementary to each other;
forming an insulating layer on the patterned organic semiconductor layer, wherein the insulating layer is an organic insulating layer;
forming a gate electrode on the insulating layer;
separating the sacrificial layer and the substrate from the patterned organic semiconductor layer; and
forming a source/drain electrode on the patterned organic semiconductor layer, wherein the source/drain electrode is a patterned nano silver wire or patterned carbon nanotube.

US Pat. No. 10,797,253

FABRICATION METHOD AND FABRICATION ASSEMBLY FOR FLEXIBLE DISPLAY SUBSTRATE

BEIJING BOE DISPLAY TECHN...

1. A fabrication assembly for a flexible display substrate, comprising:a rigid base substrate, comprising a first engaging structure being provided on a surface of the rigid base substrate; and
a protective film, comprising a first surface and a second surface opposite to each other, and comprising a second engaging structure being provided on the first surface,
wherein the second surface of the protective film is configured to be attached to a flexible base substrate;
the rigid base substrate and the protective film are configured to be detachably connected with each other by the first engaging structure and the second engaging structure,
wherein the first engaging structure comprises a plurality of first bar-shaped tenons and a plurality of first bar-shaped mortises, and the second engaging structure comprises a plurality of second bar-shaped tenons and a plurality of second bar-shaped mortises,
wherein one of the plurality of first bar-shaped mortises is provided between two adjacent first bar-shaped tenons, and one of the plurality of second bar-shaped mortises is provided between two adjacent second bar-shaped tenons, and
wherein structures of the plurality of first bar-shaped tenons respectively match structures of the plurality of second bar-shaped mortises, and structures of the plurality of second bar-shaped tenons respectively match structures of the plurality of first bar-shaped mortises; and
two baffles respectively provided at both ends of at least one first bar-shaped mortise, wherein a height of each of the two baffles is not greater than a height of at least one first bar-shaped tenon.

US Pat. No. 10,797,252

DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a substrate having a first bending area between a first area and a second area, the first bending area to be bent with a first bending axis, which extends along a first direction, as a center;
a first inorganic insulating layer on the substrate and having a first opening corresponding to the first bending area;
a first organic material layer filling at least a portion of the first opening; and
a first conductive layer that extends from the first area to the second area through the first bending area and is on the first organic material layer,
wherein the first organic material layer has a concavo-convex surface at least in a portion of an upper surface thereof, and at least a portion of the first conductive layer extends along a third direction forming an angle of about 0° to about 90° with the first direction, the concavo -convex surface including a plurality of protrusion axes,
wherein, among the plurality of protrusion axes, a distance between protrusion axes closest to each other at a central portion of the first opening is shorter than a distance between protrusion axes closest to each other at an edge of the first opening, and
wherein the first area includes a display area having a display device and the concavo-convex surface of the first organic material layer does not overlap with the display area.

US Pat. No. 10,797,251

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY APPARATUS AND TOUCH SENSITIVE DISPLAY APPARATUS

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A flexible display apparatus, comprising:a flexible substrate including a display area a bending area outside the display area, the bending area to be bent around a bending axis;
an inorganic insulating layer on the flexible substrate;
a cut unit in the inorganic insulating layer in the bending area;
a stress relaxation layer filling the cut unit and extending into the display area;
a wiring part on the stress relaxation layer in the bending area;
a planarization layer covering the wiring part and on the stress relaxation layer;
a display on the planarization layer in the display area and electrically connected to the wiring part; and
a thin film transistor located in the display area, the thin film transistor including a source electrode and a drain electrode, wherein
the stress relaxation layer includes an upper surface that directly contacts a lower surface of the source electrode, a lower surface of the drain electrode, and a lower surface of the wiring part.

US Pat. No. 10,797,250

ELECTRONIC APPARATUS AND LIGHTING APPARATUS

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An electronic apparatus comprising:a light-emitting device comprising:
a first electrode;
a second electrode facing the first electrode; and
an intermediate layer between the first electrode and the second electrode and comprising an emission layer,
wherein the emission layer comprises a perovskite compound represented by one of Formulae 1 to 4:
[A][B1n1B2(1-n1)][X]3  
[A]2[B1n2B2(1-n2)][X]4  
[A]3[B1n2B2(1-n2)]2[X]7  
[A]4[B1n2B2(1-n2)]3[X]10,  
wherein, in Formula 1,
A is at least one monovalent organic-cation, a monovalent inorganic cation, or any combination thereof,
B1 is a Sm2+ ion,
B2 is at least one of La2+, ce2+, Pr2+, Nd2+, Pm2+, Eu2+, Bi2+, Ag2+, Mn2+, Sn2+, Gd2+, Tb2+, Dy2+, Ho2+, Er2+, Yb2+, Lu2+, Be2+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Sr2+, Ba2+, Ra2+ and does not include a Sm2+ ion,
n1 is a real number satisfying 0 n2 is a real number satisfying 0 X is at least one monovalent anion.

US Pat. No. 10,797,249

ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUND, ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUND, AND DIAGNOSTIC COMPOSITION INCLUDING THE ORGANOMETALLIC COMPOUND

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An organometallic compound represented by Formula 1:
wherein M in Formula 1 is beryllium (Be), magnesium (Mg), aluminum (Al), calcium (Ca), titanium (Ti), manganese (Mn), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), gallium (Ga), germanium (Ge), zirconium (Zr), ruthenium (Ru), rhodium (Rh), palladium (Pd), silver (Ag), rhenium (Re), platinum (Pt), or gold (Au),
in Formula 1, a bond between A4 and M is a covalent bond, two bonds selected from a bond between A1 and M, a bond between A2 and M, and a bond between A3 and M are each a coordinate bond, and the other thereof is a covalent bond,
A1 in Formula 1 is ring CY1 represented by one of Formulae A1-1 to A1-3,
* in Formulae A1-1 to A1-3 indicates a binding site to M in Formula 1, and when n1 is 1, *? indicates a binding site to T1 in Formula 1, when n1 is 0, *? is absent, when n4 is 1, *? indicates a binding site to T4 in Formula 1, and when n4 is 0, *? is absent,
A2 in Formula 1 is ring CY2 represented by one of Formulae A2-1 to A2-3,
* in Formulae A2-1 to A2-3 indicates a binding site to M in Formula 1, and when n1 is 1, *? indicates a binding site to T1 in Formula 1, when n1 is 0, *? is absent, when n2 is 1, *? indicates a binding site to T2 in Formula 1, and when n2 is 0, *? is absent,
A3 in Formula 1 is ring CY3 represented by one of Formulae A3-1 to A3-3,
* in Formulae A3-1 to A3-3 indicates a binding site to M in Formula 1, and when n2 is 1, *? indicates a binding site to T2 in Formula 1, when n2 is 0, *? is absent, when n3 is 1, *? indicates a binding site to T3 in Formula 1, and when n3 is 0, *? is absent,
A4 in Formula 1 is ring CY4 represented by Formula A4,
* in Formula A4 indicates a binding site to M in Formula 1, and when n3 is 1, *? indicates a binding site to T3 in Formula 1, when n3 is 0, *? is absent, when n4 is 1, *? indicates a binding site T4 in Formula 1, and when n4 is 0, *? is absent,
X1 to X3 and Y1 to Y6 in Formulae A1-1 to A1-3, A2-1 to A2-3, and A3-1 to A3-3 are each independently C or N,
rings CY1 to CY5 in Formulae A1-1 to A1-3, A2-1 to A2-3, A3-1 to A3-3, and A4 are each independently a C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a C1-C30 heterocyclic group,
T1 to T4 in Formula 1 are each independently selected from a single bond, a double bond, *—N(R7)—*?, *—B(R7)—*?, *—P(R7)—*?, *—C(R7)(R8)—*?, *—Si(R7)(R8)—*?, *—Ge(R7)(R8)—*?, *—S—*?, *—Se—*?, *—O—*?, *—C(?O)—*?, *—S(?O)—*?, *—S(?O)2—*?, *—C(R7)?*?, *—C(R7)—*?, *—C(R7)?C(R8)—*?, *—C(?S)—*?, and *—C?C—*?, and * and *? each indicate a binding site to a neighboring atom,
R7 and R8 are optionally linked via a single bond, a double bond, or a first linking group to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocyclic group,
n1 to n4 are each independently 0 or 1, wherein, when n1 is 0, T1 is absent and A1 and A2 are not linked to each other, when n2 is 0, T2 is absent and A2 and A3 are not linked to each other, when n3 is 0, T3 is absent and A3 and A4 are not linked to each other, and when n4 is 0, T4 is absent and A4 and A1 are not linked to each other,
the sum of n1, n2, n3, and n4 is 3,
R1 to R5, R7, and R8 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —SF5, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q1)(Q2), —Si(Q3)(Q4)(Q5), —B(Q6)(Q7), and —P(?O)(Q8)(Q9),
a1 to a5 in Formulae A1-1 to A1-3, A2-1 to A2-3, A3-1 to A3-3, and A4 are each independently an integer from 0 to 20,
two of a plurality of neighboring groups R1 are optionally linked to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocyclic group,
two of a plurality of neighboring groups R2 are optionally linked to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocyclic group,
two of a plurality of neighboring groups R3 are optionally linked to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocyclic group,
two of a plurality of neighboring groups R4 are optionally linked to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocyclic group,
two of a plurality of neighboring groups R5 are optionally linked to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocyclic group,
two or more neighboring groups selected from R1 to R4 are optionally linked to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocyclic group,
two or more neighboring groups selected from R1 to R3 and R5 are optionally linked to form a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C30 carbocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C30 heterocyclic group,
rings CY4 and CY5 are not linked to or condensed with each other,
at least one substituent of the substituted C5-C30 carbocyclic group, the substituted C1-C30 heterocyclic group, the substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, the substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, the substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, the substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryl group, the substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, the substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, the substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, the substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and the substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group is selected from:
deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —CD3, —CD2H, —CDH2, —CF3, —CF2H, —CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group;
a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —CD3, —CD2H, —CDH2, —CF3, —CF2H, —CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q11)(Q12), —Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15), —B(Q16)(Q17), and —P(?O)(Q18)(Q19);
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —CD3, —CD2H, —CDH2, —CF3, —CF2H, —CFH2, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q21)(Q22), —Si(Q23)(Q24)(Q25), —B(Q26)(Q27), and —P(?O)(Q28)(Q29); and
—N(Q31)(Q32), —Si(Q33)(Q34)(Q35), —B(Q36)(Q37), and —P(?O)(Q38)(Q39), and
Q1 to Q9, Q11 to Q19, Q21 to Q29, and Q31 to Q39 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C1-C60 alkyl group substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, a C1-C60 alkyl group, and a C6-C60 aryl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryl group substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, a C1-C60 alkyl group, and a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

US Pat. No. 10,797,247

COMPOUND FOR ORGANIC ELECTRIC ELEMENT, ORGANIC ELECTRIC ELEMENT COMPRISING THE SAME AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE THEREOF

DUK SAN NEOLUX CO., LTD.,...

1. A compound of Formula 1 below:
wherein,
1) A ring is C10 aryl group,
2) B ring is selected from the group consisting of the following formulas B-1 to B-16:

in formulas B-1 to B-16, “*” indicates the position to be condensed with pyrazine comprising two Ns,
3) W1 and W2 are each independently a single bond, S or O,
4) V is N or C,
5) X is O or S,
6) a is an integer of 0 to 6, b and c are each an integer of 0 to 4, d is an integer of 0 to 11,
7) R1, R2, R3 and R4 are the same or different from each other, and are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halogen, a cyano group, a nitro group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a fluorenyl group, a C2-C60 heterocyclic group containing at least one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N, S, Si, and P, a fused ring group of a C3-C60 aliphatic ring and a C6-C60 aromatic ring, a C1-C50 alkyl group, a C2-C20 alkenyl group, a C2-C20 alkynyl group, a C1-C30 alkoxyl group, a C6-C30 aryloxyl group and -L?-N(Ra)(Rb),
or when a, b and c are 2 or more, R1, R2 and R3 are each in plural and are the same or different, and a plurity of R1, a plurity of R2, or a plurity of R3 may be bonded to each other to form a ring,
8) L? is selected from the group consisting of a single bond, a C6-C60 arylene group, a fluorenylene group, a fused ring group of a C3-C60 aliphatic ring and a C6-C60 aromatic ring, and a C2-C60 heterocyclic group, and Ra and Rb are each independently selected from the group consisting of a C6-C60 aryl group, a fluorenyl group, a fused ring group of a C3-C60 aliphatic ring and a C6-C60 aromatic ring, and a C2-C60 heterocyclic group containing at least one heteroatom selected from the group consisting of O, N, S, Si, and P,
9) L1 is each independently selected from the group consisting of a single bond, a C6-C60 arylene group, a fluorenylene group, a fused ring group of a C3-C60 aliphatic ring and a C6-C60 aromatic ring, and a C2-C60 heterocyclic group and
the aryl group, fluorenyl group, arylene group, heterocyclic group, fused ring group, alkyl group, alkenyl group, alkoxyl group, and aryloxy group may be each optionally further substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of deuterium, halogen, a silane group substituted or unsubstituted with a C1-C20 alkyl group or a C6-C20 aryl group, a siloxane group, a boron group, a germanium group, a cyano group, a nitro group, -L?-N(Ra)(Rb), a C1-C20 alkylthio group, a C1-C20 alkoxyl group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a C2-C20 alkenyl group, a C2-C20 alkynyl group, a C6-C20 aryl group, a C6-C20 aryl group substituted with deuterium, a fluorenyl group, a C2-C20 heterocyclic group, a C3-C20 cycloalkyl group, a C7-C20 arylalkyl group, and a C8-C20 arylalkenyl group, and these substituents may be linked each other to form a ring, wherein ‘ring’ comprises a C3-C60 aliphatic ring, a C6-C60 aromatic ring, a C2-C60 heterocyclic group or the combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,797,246

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting device comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode; and
an organic layer comprising an emission layer and a hole transport region between the first electrode and the second electrode,
wherein the hole transport region is between the first electrode and the emission layer, and
the hole transport region comprises a first compound selected from Compounds A1 to A5, A7 to A17, A19 to A28, A30 to A35, A37 to A46, and A48 to A52, and a second compound represented by Formula 2:


wherein, in Formula 2,
X21 is selected from B, N, and P;
L21 to L23 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a21 to a23 are each independently selected from 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5;
R21 to R23 are each independently selected from groups represented by Formulae 5-1 to 5-7, and 5-9 to 5-12:

wherein, in Formulae 5-1 to 5-7, and 5-9 to 5-12,
X51 is selected from a single bond, N(R54), C(R54)(R55), O, and S;
X52 is selected from N(R56), C(R56)(R57), O, and S;
R51 to R57 are each independently selected from:
hydrogen, deuterium, a cyano group, a C1-C20 alkyl group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, and a fluorenyl group, and R54 and R55 are optionally combined with each other to form a ring;
b51 is selected from 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5;
b52 is selected from 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 7;
b53 is selected from 1, 2, and 3;
b54 is selected from 1, 2, 3, and 4;
b55 is selected from 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6; and
* indicates a binding site to a neighboring atom.

US Pat. No. 10,797,245

COMPOUND FOR ORGANIC OPTOELECTRONIC ELEMENT, ORGANIC OPTOELECTRONIC ELEMENT, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A compound for an organic optoelectric device represented by Chemical Formula I:
wherein, in Chemical Formula I,
X1 to X11 are independently, N, C, or CRa,
Ra is independently, hydrogen, deuterium, a substituted or unsubstituted C1 to C30 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3 to C30 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6 to C30 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2 to C30 heterocyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6 to C30 arylamine group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1 to C30 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3 to C40 silyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3 to C40 silyloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1 to C30 alkylthiol group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6 to C30 arylthiol group, a halogen, a halogen-containing group, a cyano group, a hydroxyl group, an amino group, a nitro group, or a combination thereof,
R1 to R5 are independently a substituted or unsubstituted C6 to C30 aryl group,
a to e are independently an integer of 0 or 1,
4?a+b+c+d+e?5,
L is a single bond, a substituted or unsubstituted C6 to C30 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2 to C30 heteroarylene group, or a combination thereof, and
ET is a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group including at least one N, provided that ET is not a carbazolyl group and is not a substituted or unsubstituted pyridinyl group,
wherein “substituted” refers to that at least one hydrogen is replaced by deuterium, a halogen, a hydroxy group, an amino group, a C1 to C30 amine group, a nitro group, a C1 to C40 silyl group, a C1 to C30 alkyl group, a C1 to C10 alkylsilyl group, a C6 to C30 arylsilyl group, a C3 to C30 cycloalkyl group, a C2 to C30 heterocycloalkyl group, a C6 to C30 aryl group, a C2 to C30 heteroaryl group, a C1 to C20 alkoxy group, a fluoro group, a C1 to C10 trifluoroalkyl group, or a cyano group.

US Pat. No. 10,797,243

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT COMPOUND AND ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICE COMPRISING THE SAME

Rohm and Haas Electronic ...

1. An organic electroluminescent compound of the following formula 1:
wherein
Ar1 to Ar6 each independently are selected from the group consisting of a substituted or unsubstituted (C1-C30)alkyl, a substituted or unsubstituted (C6-C30)aryl, a substituted or unsubstituted 5- to 30-membered heteroaryl, and a substituted or unsubstituted spiro[fluorene-(C3-C30)cycloalkane]yl; or Ar1 and Ar2, Ar3 and Ar4, and Ar5 and Ar6 may be linked to each other to form a mono- or polycyclic, 3- to 30-membered alicyclic or aromatic ring, whose carbon atom(s) may be replaced with at least one hetero atom selected from nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur;
L1 is selected from the group consisting of a single bond, a substituted or unsubstituted (C6-C30)arylene, and a substituted or unsubstituted 5- to 30-membered heteroarylene;
L2 is selected from the group consisting of a single bond, a substituted or unsubstituted (C1-C30)alkylene, a substituted or unsubstituted (C6-C30)arylene, and a substituted or unsubstituted 5- to 30-membered heteroarylene, with a proviso that where n is 0, L2 does not exist;
R1 and R2 each independently are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, a halogen, a substituted or unsubstituted (C1-C30)alkyl, a substituted or unsubstituted (C6-C30)aryl, a substituted or unsubstituted 5- to 30-membered heteroaryl, a substituted or unsubstituted (C3-C30)cycloalkyl, a substituted or unsubstituted 3- to 7-membered heterocycloalkyl, a substituted or unsubstituted (C6-C30)aryl(C1-C30)alkyl, —NR11R12, —SiR13R14R15, —SR16, —OR17, a cyano, a nitro, and a hydroxyl; or are linked to an adjacent substituent(s) to form a mono- or polycyclic, 3- to 30-membered alicyclic or aromatic ring, whose carbon atom(s) may be replaced with at least one hetero atom selected from nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur;
R11 to R17 each independently are selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, a halogen, a substituted or unsubstituted (C1-C30)alkyl, a substituted or unsubstituted (C6-C30)aryl, a substituted or unsubstituted 5- to 30-membered heteroaryl, a substituted or unsubstituted 3- to 7-membered heterocycloalkyl, and a substituted or unsubstituted (C3-C30)cycloalkyl; or are linked to an adjacent substituent(s) to form a mono- or polycyclic, 3- to 30-membered alicyclic or aromatic ring, whose carbon atom(s) may be replaced with at least one hetero atom selected from nitrogen, oxygen, and sulfur;
m represents an integer of 1 to 2, where m is 2, each of NAr1Ar2 may be the same or different;
n represents an integer of 0 to 2, where n is 2, each of NAr3Ar4 may be the same or different;
a represents an integer of 1 to 5, where a is an integer of 2 or more, each of R1 may be the same or different;
b represents an integer of 1 to 4, where b is an integer of 2 or more, each of R2 may be the same or different;
the heteroaryl(ene) contains at least one hetero atom selected from B, N, O, S, Si, and P; and
the heterocycloalkyl contains at least one hetero atom selected from O, S, and N.

US Pat. No. 10,797,242

COMPOUND HAVING SUBSTITUTED TRIPHENYLENE RING STRUCTURE, AND ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICE

Hodogaya Chemical Co., Lt...

1. A compound having a substituted bipyridyl and triphenylene ring structure, wherein the compound is represented by the following general formula (1?),
wherein R1 to R18 may be the same or different, and represent a hydrogen atom, a deuterium atom, a fluorine atom, a chlorine atom, cyano, trifluoromethyl, linear or branched alkyl of 1 to 6 carbon atoms that may have a substituent, a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon group, a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic heterocyclic group, or a substituted or unsubstituted condensed polycyclic aromatic group, and wherein n1 and n2 represent 2, and the plurality of R3 to R8 may be the same or different, respectively, and substituted bipyridyl is 2,2?-bipyridyl.

US Pat. No. 10,797,241

DISPLAY EQUIPMENT, DISPLAY PANEL, ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising:a piezoelectric substrate;
a pixel defining layer provided on the piezoelectric substrate, an opening region being formed on the pixel defining layer;
interdigital electrodes oppositely disposed on two sides of the pixel defining layer on the piezoelectric substrate, and fitting on the piezoelectric substrate to form an acoustic surface standing wave comprising an antinodal point and a nodal point, a position of the antinodal point corresponding to a position of the opening region, while a position of the nodal point corresponding to a position of the pixel defining layer.

US Pat. No. 10,797,240

INKJET PRINTING APPARATUS AND PRINTING METHOD USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An inkjet printing apparatus, comprising:an ink jetting unit to jet ink to a substrate;
a stage to movably support the substrate relative to the ink jetting unit; and
a pair of air-conditioning units arranged at front and rear ends of the ink jetting unit in a direction in which the stage is moved, the air-conditioning units each including a suction unit arranged in an inner portion with respect to the ink jetting unit and an air blowing unit that includes an internal air blowing unit and an external air blowing unit arranged in an outer portion with respect to the suction unit.

US Pat. No. 10,797,239

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

SK hynix Inc., Icheon (K...

1. A method for forming a semiconductor device comprising:forming a first sacrificial film over a target layer;
forming a first partition mask over the first sacrificial film;
forming a first sacrificial film pattern by etching the first sacrificial film using the first partition mask;
forming a first spacer over a sidewall of the first sacrificial film pattern; and
forming a first spacer pattern by removing the first sacrificial film pattern,
wherein the first partition mask includes a plurality of first line-shaped spaces extending in a first direction, and
wherein a width of first edge spaces disposed at edges of the first line-shaped spaces is less than a width of the first line-shaped spaces disposed between the first edge spaces.

US Pat. No. 10,797,238

FABRICATING CORRELATED ELECTRON MATERIAL (CEM) DEVICES

ARM Ltd., Cambridge (GB)...

1. A method of constructing a correlated electron material (OEM) device, comprising:forming one or more layers of a transition metal oxide (TMO) material over a substrate, the one or more layers of the TMO material comprising a first atomic concentration of an extrinsic ligand; and
exposing at least a first portion of the one or more layers of the TMO material formed over the substrate, in a chamber, to an elevated temperature without exposing at least a second portion of the one or more layers of the TMO material to the elevated temperature until at least the first portion of the one or more layers of the TMO material comprises no greater than a second atomic concentration of the extrinsic ligand to render the first portion of the one or more layers of the TMO material capable of switching between a relatively conductive state and a substantially dissimilar insulative state without rendering the second portion of the one or more layers of the TMO material capable of switching between the relatively conductive state and the substantially dissimilar insulative state.

US Pat. No. 10,797,237

RESISTIVE MEMORY ARCHITECTURES WITH MULTIPLE MEMORY CELLS PER ACCESS DEVICE

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A memory device, comprising:a first stacked memory structure including a first memory cell and a second memory cell;
an electrode operatively coupling the first memory cell and the second memory cell to a cell select line;
a first access device operatively coupled with the first memory cell; and
a second stacked memory structure including a third memory cell and a fourth memory cell, wherein the electrode operatively couples the third memory cell and the fourth memory cell to the cell select line.

US Pat. No. 10,797,236

OPERATION METHOD OF RESISTIVE MEMORY DEVICE

1. A method for operating a resistive memory device that comprises a bottom electrode formed by doping impurities into a semiconductor material; a resistance change layer formed on the bottom electrode; and a top electrode formed on the resistance change layer, the resistance change layer comprising a tunnel barrier formed on the bottom electrode and a nitride film formed on the tunnel barrier, the method comprising:performing a SET operation when the pulse voltages are applied to the top electrode with positive voltages higher than those to the bottom electrode,
performing a RESET operation when the pulse voltages are applied to the top electrode with negative voltages lower than those to the bottom electrode,
performing the SET operation when the pulse voltages are repeatedly applied at a plurality of times regardless of the magnitude of the pulse voltages,
performing the RESET operation when the pulse voltages are repeatedly applied at a plurality of times with the magnitude of the pulse voltages being gradually increased, and
performing a read operation of the storage state or the recognition state by a slope of the conductance of the resistance change layer when predetermined read pulse voltages are applied between the top and bottom electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,797,235

MULTIVALENT OXIDE CAP FOR ANALOG SWITCHING RESISTIVE MEMORY

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

18. A method of forming a memory, the method comprising:forming a base oxide between a first electrode and a second electrode;
forming a multivalent oxide between the first electrode and the second electrode, and
forming a plurality of the multivalent oxides that are integrated into nano-crossbar arrays and nano-cross-points,
wherein the multivalent oxide switches between at least two oxidative states.

US Pat. No. 10,797,234

MEMORY CELL COMPRISING A PHASE-CHANGE MATERIAL

STMicroelectronics (Croll...

1. A memory cell, comprising:a heating element including a vertical portion and a horizontal portion extending from the vertical portion;
a phase-change material on top of the heating element;
a first silicon nitride region and second silicon nitride region which are in contact with the vertical portion of the heating element and laterally surround the heating element in a first direction;
a third silicon nitride region which is in contact with the second silicon nitride region in the first direction and further in contact with an end of the horizontal portion of the heating element;
a fourth silicon nitride region and fifth silicon nitride region which are in contact with the vertical portion of the heating element and laterally surround the heating element in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction;
two first silicon oxide regions in contact with the first and third silicon nitride regions in the first direction; and
two second silicon oxide regions which are in contact the fourth and fifth silicon nitride regions in the second direction orthogonal to the first direction;
wherein a height of the vertical portion of the heating element is equal to a thickness of the two first silicon oxide regions.

US Pat. No. 10,797,233

METHODS OF FABRICATING THREE-DIMENSIONAL MAGNETIC MEMORY DEVICES

SPIN MEMORY, INC., Fremo...

1. A method of fabricating a magnetic memory device, the method comprising:providing a dielectric substrate with a metallic core protruding from the dielectric substrate, wherein:
material composing the metallic core is deposited in a single operation;
a first portion of the metallic core is surrounded by the dielectric substrate and a second portion of the metallic core protrudes away from a surface of the dielectric substrate; and
the second portion of the metallic core comprises: (i) a surface offset from the surface of the dielectric substrate and (ii) sidewalls extending away from the surface of the dielectric substrate to the offset surface;
depositing a first ferromagnetic layer on first exposed surfaces of the metallic core and the dielectric substrate;
depositing a spacer layer on second exposed surfaces of the first ferromagnetic layer; and
depositing a second ferromagnetic layer on third exposed surfaces of the spacer layer, wherein the first ferromagnetic layer, the spacer layer, and the second ferromagnetic layer each substantially conforms to a shape of the first exposed surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,797,232

LOW RESISTANCE MGO CAPPING LAYER FOR PERPENDICULARLY MAGNETIZED MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTIONS

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A device comprising:a tunnel barrier layer that includes a first metal oxide layer, the tunnel barrier layer disposed between a reference layer and a free layer;
a second metal oxide layer physically contacting a second surface of the free layer that is opposite with respect to a first surface of the free layer that contacts the tunnel barrier layer, the second metal oxide layer including a plurality of conductive pathways therein that extend from a top surface to a bottom surface of the second metal oxide layer, wherein the second metal oxide layer includes a metal or metal alloy and wherein the plurality of conductive pathways are made of a noble metal that is different from the metal or metal alloy; and
the free layer physically contacting the tunnel barrier and the second metal oxide layer to generate interfacial perpendicular anisotropy resulting in perpendicular magnetic anisotropy PMA in the free layer.

US Pat. No. 10,797,231

SPIN-ORBIT TORQUE TYPE MAGNETIZATION REVERSAL ELEMENT, MAGNETIC MEMORY, AND HIGH FREQUENCY MAGNETIC DEVICE

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A spin-orbit torque type magnetization reversal element comprising:a ferromagnetic metal layer with a varying magnetization direction; and
spin-orbit torque wiring that extends in a first direction intersecting with a stacking direction of the ferromagnetic metal layer and that is joined to the ferromagnetic metal layer; wherein
when end portions of the spin-orbit torque wiring in a second direction that is orthogonal to the first direction and the stacking direction are defined as a first end portion and a second end portion; and of the end portions of the ferromagnetic metal layer in the second direction, the end portion on a side closer to the first end portion is defined as a third end portion and the end portion on a side closer to the second end portion is defined as a fourth end portion,
an area of a region of the spin-orbit torque wiring between the first end portion and the third end portion differs from an area of a region of the spin-orbit torque wiring between the second end portion and the fourth end portion in a cross section in a direction perpendicular to the first direction as viewed from the first direction, and
the spin-orbit torque wiring is configured to reverse the magnetization of the ferromagnetic metal layer by inducing spin orbit torque in the ferromagnetic metal layer.

US Pat. No. 10,797,230

TECHNIQUES FOR MRAM MTJ TOP ELECTRODE TO METAL LAYER INTERFACE INCLUDING SPACER

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method for manufacturing a magnetoresistive random-access memory (MRAM) cell, the method including:forming a spacer layer surrounding at least a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) layer and a top electrode of the MRAM cell;
etching the spacer layer to expose a top surface of the top electrode and a top surface of a spacer formed by the spacer layer;
forming an upper etch stop layer directly on the top electrode top surface and the spacer top surface, and wherein the upper etch stop layer has a bottommost edge below an uppermost edge of the top electrode; and
forming an upper metal layer in contact with the top electrode top surface of the MRAM cell;
wherein a width of the upper etch stop layer is greater than a width of a bottom surface of the upper metal layer.

US Pat. No. 10,797,229

MAGNETIC MEMORY DEVICE

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A magnetic memory device, comprising:a conductive layer including a first portion, a second portion, and a third portion between the first portion and the second portion;
a first magnetic layer separated from the third portion in a first direction crossing a second direction, the second direction being from the first portion toward the second portion;
a second magnetic layer between the third portion and the first magnetic layer; and
a first intermediate layer between the first magnetic layer and the second magnetic layer, the first intermediate layer being nonmagnetic,
a length along a third direction of at least a portion of the second portion being longer than a third portion length along the third direction of the third portion, the third direction being perpendicular to the first direction and the second direction, wherein the first portion, the second portion, and the third portion extend across a full extent of the conductive layer in the third direction.

US Pat. No. 10,797,228

MAGNETORESISTIVE RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY DEVICE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A MRAM device, comprising:a first insulating interlayer on a substrate including a cell region and a peripheral region;
lower electrode contacts extending through the first insulating interlayer of the cell region;
a first structure on each of the lower electrode contacts, the first structure including a lower electrode, a magnetic tunnel junction structure, and an upper electrode sequentially stacked; and
a capping layer covering surfaces of the first insulating interlayer and the first structure in the cell and peripheral regions;
wherein an upper surface of the capping layer on the first insulating interlayer in the peripheral region is higher than an upper surface of the capping layer on the first insulating interlayer between the first structures in the cell region.

US Pat. No. 10,797,227

SPIN-TRANSFER TORQUE MRAM WITH A NEGATIVE MAGNETIC ANISOTROPY ASSIST LAYER AND METHODS OF OPERATING THE SAME

SANDISK TECHNOLOGIES LLC,...

1. A MRAM device comprising:a magnetic tunnel junction comprising a reference layer having a fixed magnetization direction, a free layer, and a nonmagnetic tunnel barrier layer located between the reference layer and the free layer;
a negative-magnetic-anisotropy assist layer having negative magnetic anisotropy that provides an in-plane magnetization within a plane that is perpendicular to the fixed magnetization direction;
a first nonmagnetic spacer layer located between the free layer and the negative-magnetic-anisotropy assist layer;
a pinned magnetization layer having positive uniaxial magnetic anisotropy which provides a magnetization direction that is parallel or antiparallel to the fixed magnetization direction of the reference layer; and
a second nonmagnetic spacer layer located between the negative-magnetic-anisotropy assist layer and the pinned magnetization layer.

US Pat. No. 10,797,226

MAGNETORESISTIVE MEMORY CELL AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THE SAME

UNITED MICROELECTRONICS C...

1. A magnetoresistive memory cell, comprising:a substrate;
an inter-layer dielectric layer, disposed on the substrate;
a via structure, disposed in the inter-layer dielectric layer;
a magnetic pinned layer, disposed on the via structure;
a tunnel barrier layer, disposed on the magnetic pinned layer to cover a top and a sidewall of the magnetic pinned layer, wherein the tunnel barrier layer comprises a horizontal extending portion outward from a bottom of the sidewall of the magnetic pinned layer;
a magnetic free layer with a cross-section structure of the magnetic free layer as being a -like structure, disposed on the tunnel barrier layer, wherein the magnetic free layer is isolated from the magnetic pinned layer by the tunnel barrier layer, wherein a cross-sectional end surface of the -like structure is just fully disposed on the horizontal extending portion of the tunnel barrier layer and a sidewall of the -like structure is substantially vertical straight onto the horizontal extending portion without including horizontally outward extending portion; and
a spacer, disposed on the sidewall of the magnetic free layer and the spacer extending to the inter-layer dielectric layer.

US Pat. No. 10,797,225

DUAL MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTION (DMTJ) STACK DESIGN

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

30. A dual magnetic tunnel junction (DMTJ), comprising:a first pinned ferromagnetic layer disposed over a substrate;
a first tunnel barrier layer disposed on the first pinned ferromagnetic layer, the first tunnel barrier layer having a first resistance×area product (RA1);
a free layer disposed on the first tunnel barrier layer;
a second tunnel barrier layer disposed on the free layer, the second tunnel barrier layer having a second resistance×area product (RA2) that is different than RA1; and
a second pinned ferromagnetic layer disposed on the second tunnel barrier layer; and
an oxide capping layer disposed on the second pinned ferromagnetic layer, the oxide capping layer having a resistance×area product (RACAP) that is different than RA2.

US Pat. No. 10,797,224

MAGNETORESISTIVE DEVICE AND METHOD OF FABRICATING SAME

IMEC vzw, Leuven (BE) Ka...

1. A magnetoresistive memory device, comprising:a first interconnection level including a first dielectric layer and a first set of conductive paths arranged in the first dielectric layer;
a second interconnection level arranged on the first interconnection level and including a second dielectric layer and a second set of conductive paths arranged in the second dielectric layer;
a third interconnection level arranged on the second interconnection level and including a third dielectric layer and a third set of conductive paths arranged in the third dielectric layer,
wherein each of the first, second and third sets of conductive paths includes at least one horizontal line segment and a contacting vertical via arranged vertically within a respective one of the first, second and third interconnection levels;
a magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) device including a bottom layer, a top layer and an MTJ structure arranged between the bottom layer and the top layer, wherein the bottom layer is connected to a bottom layer contact portion of the first set of conductive paths and the top layer is connected to a top layer contact portion of the second or third set of conductive paths; and
a multi-level via extending through the second and third dielectric layers and extending between a first via contact portion of the first set of conductive paths and a second via contact portion of the third set of conductive paths, wherein the height of the MTJ device corresponds to, or-is less than, the height of the multi-level via.

US Pat. No. 10,797,223

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS WITH MAGNETIC RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY (MRAM) DEVICES AND METHODS FOR FABRICATING SUCH DEVICES

GLOBALFOUNDRIES SINGAPORE...

1. A method comprising:double patterning a semiconductor substrate to form semiconductor fin structures, wherein the semiconductor fin structures are formed in groups with an intra-group pitch between grouped semiconductor fin structures and with an inter-group spacing between adjacent groups of semiconductor fin structures different from the intra-group pitch;
forming a semiconductor material over the semiconductor fin structures, wherein the semiconductor material is merged over each group of semiconductor fin structures with the intra-group pitch to define a source/drain region, and the semiconductor material is unmerged between the adjacent groups of semiconductor fin structures with the inter-group spacing;
forming a first magnetic random access memory (MRAM) memory structure over the semiconductor fin structures in a first bitcell and forming a second magnetic random access memory (MRAM) memory structure over the semiconductor fin structures in a second bitcell; and
forming a source line for the first bitcell between the first MRAM memory structure and the second MRAM memory structure,
wherein the grouped semiconductor fin structures are formed without a fin cut process to provide the inter-group spacing such that an empty space free of fins is located between the adjacent groups of semiconductor fin structures with the inter-group spacing.

US Pat. No. 10,797,222

FILM WITH PIEZOELECTRIC POLYMER REGION

1. A method of manufacturing a laminated device comprising a film and a circuit sheet comprising an electrode region, the method comprising laminating the circuit sheet to the film by:locating the electrode region of the circuit sheet adjacent an active region of the film;
bonding the circuit sheet to an adhesive sheet of the film outside the active region; and
at least one of,
heating the active region so as to cause the active region to melt, at least partially, and so increase bonding between the electrode region with the active region,
poling and/or annealing at least part of the active region,
applying a plasma to the active region and/or to the electrode region,
priming the active region and/or the electrode region with a coupling agent, and
laminating a second circuit sheet to the film, such that the film is located between the first circuit sheet and the second circuit sheet,
wherein the film comprises an upper surface and a lower surface, the active region comprises a piezoelectric polymer, the active region having a thickness that extends from the upper surface of the film to the lower surface of the film, and the adhesive sheet defines part of the upper or lower surface of the film.

US Pat. No. 10,797,221

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN ASSEMBLY FOR AN ULTRASONIC PROBE

Baker Hughes, a GE Compan...

1. A method for manufacturing an assembly for an ultrasonic probe, the method comprising;additively forming first portions of the assembly using a first material with first acoustic properties and second portions of the assembly using a second material with second acoustic properties, the first and second acoustic properties being configured to modify ultrasonic signals of an ultrasonic probe, wherein the assembly comprises a housing for the ultrasonic probe; and
the additively forming further comprises forming a fluid channel for receiving fluid within the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,797,220

SHAPE-CONTROLLED CERAMIC FILLERS FOR ENHANCED PIEZOELECTRIC PROPERTIES OF STRUCTURED COMPOSITES

SABIC Global Technologies...

1. A lead-free piezoelectric composite material comprising:(a) a lead-free lithium doped potassium sodium niobate piezoelectric ceramic material of formula (K,Na)1-xLixNbO3, wherein 0.05 (b) a polymeric matrix,
wherein the ceramic material is dispersed in the polymeric matrix.

US Pat. No. 10,797,218

SUBSTRATE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SUBSTRATE, AND ELASTIC WAVE DEVICE

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An electronic component device comprising:a substrate main body that includes a first main surface including a recessed portion, and a second main surface facing the first main surface;
an electronic component element mounted on the substrate main body and including a first main surface and a second main surface that opposes the first main surface of the substrate main body;
at least one first electrode land disposed inside the recessed portion of the first main surface of the substrate main body;
at least one second electrode land disposed on the first main surface of the substrate main body outside the recessed portion and that is connected to an electric potential different from an electric potential of the at least one first electrode land; and
a plurality of terminals disposed on the second main surface of the electronic component element and respectively connected to the at least one first electrode land and the at least one second electrode land.

US Pat. No. 10,797,217

ACTUATOR OR SENSOR DEVICE BASED ON AN ELECTROACTIVE POLYMER

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A bending actuator device or sensor device for sensing bending, comprising:a stack of units arranged in a stacking direction, each unit of the stack of units comprising at least one electroactive polymer and drive electrodes for driving the at least one electroactive polymer so that the at least one electroactive polymer deforms in the stacking direction in response to a drive signal applied to the drive electrodes; or for sensing a signal generated in response to deformation of the at least one electroactive polymer in the stacking direction,
wherein adjacent units in the stack of units are slidable relatively to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,797,216

PIEZOELECTRIC DEVICE

NIHON DEMPA KOGYO CO., LT...

1. A piezoelectric device, comprising:a piezoelectric vibrating piece that is bevel processed, the piezoelectric vibrating piece having a bevel surface at one end of the piezoelectric vibrating piece;
a container that holds the piezoelectric vibrating piece with the bevel surface at the one end of the piezoelectric vibrating piece, the container having a connection pad at a holding region of the container and a pillow portion at a region corresponding to the other end of the piezoelectric vibrating piece; and
a lid member that seals the container, wherein
the connection pad is buried in the container at the holding region in a state of a flat surface with a surface of the container and in a state where the surface of the connection pad is exposed, and
the piezoelectric vibrating piece is spanned between the surface of the connection pad and a top surface of the pillow portion.

US Pat. No. 10,797,215

GRADED THERMOELECTRIC MATERIALS

1. A method of fabricating a graded thermoelectric material, comprising:(a) providing a plurality of nanostructures, the plurality of nanostructures comprising a thermoelectric material, nanostructures of the plurality of nanostructures having first ligands disposed on surfaces of the nanostructures;
(b) depositing the plurality of nanostructures on a substrate to form a layer;
(c) contacting the layer with a solution containing second ligands, a ligand exchange process occurring where some of the first ligands disposed on the plurality of nanostructures are replaced with the second ligands;
(d) removing a first region of the layer from contact with the solution so that the ligand exchange process does not occur in the first region of the layer, the ligand exchange process occurring in the layer in contact with the solution where some of the first ligands disposed on the plurality of nanostructures in the layer in contact with the solution are replaced with the second ligands, the first region having a length of about 1 micron to 100 microns or having a thickness of about 5 microns to 2 millimeters; and
(e) removing the layer from contact with the solution.

US Pat. No. 10,797,214

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING WIRING BOARD, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE USING THE WIRING BOARD, WIRING BOARD, AND LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE USING THE WIRING BOARD

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A method of manufacturing a wiring board comprising:providing at least one first conductive member that serves as part of a wiring, a shape of the at least one first conductive member being columnar;
covering the at least one first conductive member with an insulating member that has at least one opening;
disposing at least one second conductive member on the opening of the insulating member, the second conductive member serving as part of the wiring, a shape of the at least one second conductive member being columnar;
electrically joining the at least one first conductive member and the at least one second conductive member to each other at the opening; and
cutting a region including the at least one first conductive member, the insulating member, and the at least one second conductive member, to form an element mounting surface.

US Pat. No. 10,797,213

CHIP PACKAGE AND CHIP THEREOF

CHIPBOND TECHNOLOGY CORPO...

1. A chip package, comprising:a substrate;
a chip including a body and a first electrode, the first electrode is disposed and exposed on a surface of the body and includes a first confining groove and a first confining wall, the first confining wall is peripherally located around the first confining groove and has a first height; and
an adhesive disposed between the substrate and the chip, at least one first conductive particle of the adhesive is confined in the first confining groove by the first confining wall, wherein the first height of the first confining wall is not higher than a diameter of the at least one first conductive particle, and the first electrode of the chip is electrically connected to a first bonding pad of the substrate by the at least one first conductive particle in the first confining groove.

US Pat. No. 10,797,212

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a substrate;
a first electrode extending in a first direction on the substrate;
a first partition wall extending in the first direction on a central portion of the first electrode;
a second electrode extending in parallel with the first electrode on the substrate;
a second partition wall extending in the first direction on a central portion of the second electrode; and
a plurality of light-emitting diodes electrically connected between the first electrode and the second electrode,
wherein the plurality of light-emitting diodes is spaced apart from the first partition wall and the second partition wall, and
each of the first partition wall and the second partition wall include a physical boundary which contacts to the first and second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,797,211

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SUPPORT STRUCTURES FOR LIGHTING DEVICES AND CORRESPONDING DEVICE

OSRAM GMBH, Munich (DE)

1. A method of manufacturing support elements for lighting devices, the method comprising:providing a printed circuit board module by:
providing an elongated, electrically non-conductive substrate with opposed surfaces, said substrate having an electrically-conductive layer extending along one of said opposed surfaces,
etching said electrically-conductive layer to provide a set of electrically-conductive tracks extending along said non-conductive substrate with at least one portion of said electrically non-conductive substrate left free by said set of electrically-conductive tracks at the one of said opposed surfaces along which said set of electrically-conductive tracks extends,
printing at said at least one portion of said electrically non-conductive substrate left free by said set of electrically-conductive tracks, a network of electrically-conductive lines coupleable with at least one electrically-powered light radiation source,
mounting at least one electrically-powered light radiation source on the printed circuit board module, wherein said mounting comprises coupling the at least one electrically-powered light radiation source exclusively to the network of electrically-conductive lines via solder masses or an electrically-conductive adhesive; and
electrically coupling said set of electrically-conductive tracks and said network of electrically-conductive lines by means of electrically-conductive elements mounted at the one of said opposed surfaces of the non-conductive substrate, wherein the electrically-conductive elements include SMD components with zero ohmic value.

US Pat. No. 10,797,210

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE HAVING REDUCED THICKNESS AND INCREASED LIGHT-REFLECTIVITY

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A light emitting device comprising:a substrate having an upper surface comprising a spacer region;
a first conductive member and a second conductive member that are disposed on the upper surface of the substrate, spaced apart from each other such that the first conductive member and the second conductive member are not disposed on the spacer region of the upper surface of the substrate;
a first electrode layer having an upper surface, the first electrode layer being disposed on a portion of an upper surface of the first conductive member and on a first portion of the spacer region on which the first conductive member is not disposed;
a second electrode layer having an upper surface, the second electrode layer being disposed on a portion of an upper surface of the second conductive member and on a second portion of the spacer region on which the second conductive member is not disposed; and
a light emitting element disposed on a portion of the upper surface of the first electrode layer and a portion of the upper surface of the second electrode layer, above the spacer region,
wherein a level of the upper surface of the first electrode layer above the spacer region and a level of the upper surface of the second electrode layer above the spacer region are lower than a level of the upper surface of the first electrode layer above the first conductive member and a level of the upper surface of the second electrode layer above the second conductive member, and
wherein a reflectance of the first conductive member and the second conductive member to light emitted from the light emitting element is higher than a reflectance of the first electrode layer and the second electrode layer to light emitted from the light emitting element.

US Pat. No. 10,797,209

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE WITH BEAM SHAPING STRUCTURE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF THE SAME

Maven Optronics Co., Ltd....

1. A light emitting device comprising:a flip-chip light emitting diode (LED) semiconductor die comprising an upper surface, a lower surface opposite to the upper surface, an edge surface, and a set of electrodes, wherein the edge surface extends between the upper surface of the LED semiconductor die and the lower surface of the LED semiconductor die, and the set of electrodes is disposed on the lower surface of the LED semiconductor die;
a photoluminescent structure comprising a top portion disposed on the upper surface of the LED semiconductor die, and an edge portion covering the edge surface of the LED semiconductor die;
a beam shaping structure disposed surrounding an edge surface of the edge portion of the photoluminescent structure, wherein the beam shaping structure comprises a polymer resin material and light scattering particles dispersed in the polymer resin material with a weight percentage of the light scattering particles in the beam shaping structure not greater than 30%, and the beam shaping structure is configured to reduce a viewing angle of the light emitting device by scattering and redirecting a portion of a light beam emitted from the edge surface of the LED semiconductor die, the redirecting causing the portion of the light beam passing through the photoluminescent structure to penetrate through the beam shaping structure toward an upper surface of the beam shaping structure, wherein the upper surface of the beam shaping structure is substantially level with an upper surface of the top portion of the photoluminescent structure; and
a light-transmitting layer disposed on the upper surface of the beam shaping structure and on the upper surface of the top portion of the photoluminescent structure.

US Pat. No. 10,797,208

LED LIGHT BULB WITH CONDUCTIVE SECTIONS AND EXPOSED WIRES

1. An LED light bulb, consisting of:a lamp housing doped with a golden yellow material and its surface coated with a yellow film;
a bulb base connected to the lamp housing;
a stem connected to the bulb base and located in the lamp housing, the stem comprises a stand extending to the center of the lamp housing;
a single flexible LED filament, disposed in the lamp housing, and the flexible LED filament comprising;
a plurality of LED sections, each of the LED sections includes at least two LED chips that are electrically connected to each other by a wire;
a plurality of conductive sections comprising a conductor, located between the adjacent two LED sections;
two conductive electrodes, disposed corresponding to the LED sections and electrically connected to the LED sections;
a light coversion layer disposing on the LED chip and at least two sides of the conductive electrodes and exposing a portion of the conductive electrodes, the light coversion layer is composed of at least one top layer and at least one base layer, wherein the top layer only covers the LED chip and the conductor completely and exposes a portion of the wire;
a plurality of supporting arms, each of the supporting arms comprising a first end and a second end opposite to the first end of the supporting arms, the first end of each of the supporting arms is connected with the stand while the second end of each of the supporting arms is connected with the flexible LED filament;
two conductive supports, disposed in the lamp housing and connected with both the stem and the flexible LED filament; and
a driving circuit, electrically connected with two conductive supports;
wherein the base layer of the light conversion layer is formed from organosilicon-modified polyimide resin composition comprising an organosilicon-modified polyimide and a thermal curing agent, wherein the organosilicon-modified polyimide comprises a repeating unit represented by the following general Formula (I):

wherein Ar1 is a tetra-valent organic group having a benzene ring or an alicyclic hydrocarbon structure, Are is a di-valent organic group having a monocyclic alicyclic hydrocarbon structure, R is each independently methyl or phenyl, n is 1˜5;
wherein the organosilicon-modified polyimide has a number average molecular weight of 5000˜100000; and
wherein the thermal curing agent is selected from the group consisting of epoxy resin, isocyanate and bisoxazoline compounds.

US Pat. No. 10,797,207

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE WITH POROUS STRUCTURE TO ENHANCE COLOR POINT SHIFT AS A FUNCTION OF DRIVE CURRENT

LUMILEDS LLC, San Jose, ...

1. A light emitting device (LED), comprising:a light emitting semiconductor diode structure; and
a phosphor material comprising a plurality of pores and configured to absorb light emitted by the semiconductor diode structure and in response emit light of a longer wavelength; and
a fill material disposed in at least one of the pores in the phosphor material, such that one or more of the pores is each entirely filled by fill material if the phosphor material is at a temperature of at least 125° C., and only partially filled by fill material if the phosphor material is at a temperature of 30°;
wherein an absolute value of a ratio of a coefficient of thermal expansion of the fill material to a coefficient of thermal expansion of the phosphor material is at least two.

US Pat. No. 10,797,206

CONTROLLING OFF-STATE APPEARANCE OF A LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

LUMILEDS LLC, San Jose, ...

1. A structure comprising:a semiconductor light emitting device;
a transparent structural member adjacent to the semiconductor light emitting device in a path of light emitted by the semiconductor light emitting device;
a conductive film disposed on the transparent structural member; and
a layer of thermochromic material in direct contact with the transparent structural member or the conductive film, the thermochromic material having a colored state and a transparent or translucent state;
the conductive film configured to heat by ohmic heating the layer of thermochromic material when the semiconductor light emitting device is turned on causing the thermochromic material to transition from the colored state to the transparent or translucent state.

US Pat. No. 10,797,205

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND QUANTUM DOT LED

HISENSE VISUAL TECHNOLOGY...

1. A liquid crystal display device, comprising:a backlight source comprising a Light Emitting Diode (LED) chip and a fluorescent layer arranged at a light-emitting side of the LED chip, the LED chip configured to generate light of first wavelength, the fluorescent layer configured to be excited by the light of first wavelength to generate light of second wavelength;
a quantum dot film comprising a first quantum dot material and a second quantum dot material, the first quantum dot material configured to be excited by the light of first wavelength to generate light of third wavelength, the second quantum dot material configured to be excited by the light of first wavelength and the light of second wavelength to generate light of fourth wavelength; and
an optical film group, wherein a portion of the light of first wavelength, the light of third wavelength and the light of fourth wavelength emits from the quantum dot film to the optical film group.

US Pat. No. 10,797,204

SUBMOUNT BASED LIGHT EMITTER COMPONENTS AND METHODS

Cree, Inc., Durham, NC (...

1. A light emitter component comprising:a reflective ceramic submount;
one or more electrical traces on a first surface of the submount, wherein the first surface of the submount is oriented in a plane of uncovered ceramic material that passes through uppermost horizontal edges of the submount, and wherein the one or more electrical traces are spaced apart from the uppermost horizontal edges of the submount that define the first surface of the submount;
at least one light emitted chip attached to the first surface of the submount, wherein the at least one light emitter chip is electrically connected to the one or more electrical traces, and wherein the at least one light emitter chip is spaced apart from the one or more electrical traces;
a single continuous layer of optical conversion material disposed over and in contact with at least portions of each of the at least one light emitter chip and the first surface of the submount; and
a lens attached over the layer of optical conversion material,
wherein the layer of optical conversion material and the lens are separate and discrete layers over the at least one light emitter chip and submount, and
wherein the lens comprises a substantially circular or square lens base, the lens base being a portion of the lens which is attached to the first surface of the submount, and the lens base extending to the uppermost horizontal edges of the submount that define the first surface of the submount.

US Pat. No. 10,797,203

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE HAVING A FIRST DIELECTRIC MULTILAYER FILM ARRANGED ON THE SIDE SURFACE OF THE LIGHT EMITTING ELEMENT

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A light-emitting device comprising:a light-transmissive member including a first surface, a second surface opposite to the first surface, and third surfaces connected to the first surface and the second surface;
a phosphor layer facing the second surface of the light-transmissive member;
a reflective member facing side surfaces of the phosphor layer and the third surfaces of the light-transmissive member;
a light-emitting element having a top surface facing the phosphor layer, a bottom surface opposite to the top surface, and side surfaces connecting the top surface and the bottom surface, the phosphor layer having a bonding surface facing the light emitting element; and
a first dielectric multilayer film arranged on at least one of the side surfaces of the light-emitting element without being provided on the bonding surface of the phosphor layer.

US Pat. No. 10,797,202

INDIUM GALLIUM NITRIDE RED LIGHT EMITTING DIODE AND METHOD OF MAKING THEREOF

GLO AB, Lund (SE)

1. A light emitting diode, comprising:an n-doped portion;
a p-doped portion; and
a light emitting region located between the n-doped portion and a p-doped portion, the light emitting region comprising a light-emitting indium gallium nitride layer emitting light at a peak wavelength between 610 and 650 nm under electrical bias thereacross;
wherein:
the light emitting diode comprises a micro-light emitting diode having a lateral dimension of 100 microns or less; and
the light emitting diode emits the light at the peak wavelength between 610 and 650 nm under electrical bias thereacross having an external quantum efficiency of at least 2%.

US Pat. No. 10,797,201

HIGH VOLTAGE MONOLITHIC LED CHIP

CREE, INC., Durham, NC (...

1. A monolithic LED chip, comprising:a plurality of active regions;
one or more insulating material layers;
electrically conductive interconnect elements embedded in the one or more insulating layers;
a reflective layer arranged between the one or more insulating material layers and the plurality of active regions; and
a plurality of electrically conductive vias extending from the electrically conductive interconnect elements and through the reflective layer to contact the plurality of active regions.

US Pat. No. 10,797,200

METHOD FOR PRODUCING AN OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICE COMPRISING A STEP OF ETCHING THE REAR FACE OF THE GROWTH SUBSTRATE

ALEDIA, Grenoble (FR)

1. A method for fabricating an optoelectronic device, said method comprising a executing a first step, executing a second step, and executing a third step, wherein said first step comprises supplying a growth substrate made of a semiconductor material, wherein said semiconductor material comprises a front face and a rear face, wherein said front face and said rear face are opposite one another, wherein said second step comprises forming diodes on said front face, wherein each diode comprises a lower face that rests on said growth substrate, and wherein said third step comprises removing, from said rear face, at least one portion of said growth substrate so as to free said lower face of at least a part of said diodes, wherein removing at least one portion comprises removing a portion that was initially located opposite said part of said diodes, wherein said first step further comprises producing a lower part and an upper part of said growth substrate, each extending opposite said diodes, wherein said upper and lower parts are doped according to one and said same type of conductivity, wherein said lower part has a first doping level, wherein said upper part has a second doping level that is lower than said first doping level and extends from said front face to said lower part with a uniform thickness, and wherein said third step further comprises removing said lower part by selective chemical etching with respect to said upper part.

US Pat. No. 10,797,198

INFRARED LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE HAVING LIGHT EMITTING LAYER CONTAINING AL, IN, AND SB

Asahi Kasei Microdevices ...

1. An infrared light emitting device comprising:a semiconductor substrate;
a first compound semiconductor layer formed on the semiconductor substrate and having a first conductivity type;
a light emitting layer formed on the first compound semiconductor layer and containing at least In and Sb, where the light emitting layer has an Al composition at a proportion of nlight [%] in all group III elements in the light emitting layer where 0?nlight<18;
a third compound semiconductor layer formed on the light emitting layer and having a second conductivity type; and
a second compound semiconductor layer formed in at least one of regions between the light emitting layer and the third compound semiconductor layer or between the first compound semiconductor layer and the light emitting layer, containing at least In, Al, and Sb, having an Al composition at a proportion of n2[%] in all group III elements in the second compound semiconductor layer where 02, wherein
the first compound semiconductor layer comprises, in the stated order:
a first A layer containing at least In and Sb and having an Al composition at a proportion of n1A [%] in all group III elements in the first A layer where 0?n1A<18;
a first B layer containing at least In and Sb, having an Al composition at a proportion of n1B [%] in all group III elements in the first B layer where 0?n1B<100, and having a film thickness of m1B [nm]; and
a first C layer containing at least In and Sb and having an Al composition at a proportion of n1C [%] in all group III elements in the first C layer where 0?n1C<18,
where n1A, n1B, n1C, n2, nlight, m1B, and m2 satisfy the following relations:
|n2?nlight|×m2|n1B?n1A|×m1B;
n1B>n1A and n1B>n1C, or n1B n2>nlight+5.

US Pat. No. 10,797,197

THIN-FILM, FLEXIBLE OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES INCORPORATING A SINGLE LATTICE-MATCHED DILUTE NITRIDE JUNCTION AND METHODS OF FABRICATION

ALTA DEVICES, INC., Sunn...

1. A method for fabricating a single-junction solar cell, comprising:providing a substrate;
forming a release layer on the substrate;
epitaxially growing a dilute nitride single p-n structure on the release layer, the dilute nitride single p-n structure having a lattice constant that matches a lattice constant of the substrate, the dilute nitride single p-n structure including a single-crystalline semiconductor material, wherein the dilute nitride single p-n structure forms the single-junction solar cell; and
separating the single-junction solar cell from the substrate by removing the release layer.

US Pat. No. 10,797,196

PHOTODETECTOR INCLUDING A GEIGER MODE AVALANCHE PHOTODIODE AND AN INTEGRATED RESISTOR AND RELATED MANUFACTURING METHOD

STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L....

1. A photodetector comprising:a body of semiconductor material having a front surface;
a Geiger mode avalanche photodiode formed in the body and including:
a cathode region having a first type of conductivity and positioned at the front surface; and
an anode region having a second type of conductivity, which extends in the cathode region starting from the front surface;
a dielectric region arranged on the front surface and above the anode region;
a quenching resistor which extends on the dielectric region, is electrically connected to the anode region, and is laterally spaced apart from the anode region; and
an optical-isolation region which extends through the dielectric region and laterally delimits a portion of the dielectric region, the anode region extending underneath said portion of the dielectric region, the optical-isolation region being moreover interposed between said portion of the dielectric region and the quenching resistor.

US Pat. No. 10,797,195

IONIZING RADIATION SENSOR BASED ON FLOAT-ZONE SILICON WITH P-TYPE CONDUCTIVITY

1. A sensor of ionizing radiation comprising a n+-i-p+ structure, the n+-i-p+ structure comprising i-region constituting a high-resistance lightly doped single-crystal substrate made of high-purity float zone melting silicon of p-type conductivity, a front side of the substrate has a sensitive zone constituting at least one n+ region, an outer surface of the zone is provided with sequentially located masking silicon dioxide coating, aluminum coating and an external passivating layer, and a reverse side of the said substrate has successive layers of a highly doped silicon forming a p+ region and aluminum coating, whereby the substrate with the indicated layers forms n+-i-p+ diode, wherein there is at least one pair of gapped p+ and n+ guard rings under the silicon dioxide coating on the substrate's front side around the sensitive zone; the said silicone dioxide coating is made with holes for contacting the sensitive n+ region with aluminum coating, and the external passivating layer is made with holes for connection of leads.

US Pat. No. 10,797,194

THREE-TERMINAL OPTOELECTRONIC COMPONENT WITH IMPROVED MATCHING OF ELECTRIC FIELD AND PHOTOCURRENT DENSITY

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. An avalanche photodiode comprising:a layer of an amplifying material disposed over a substrate;
an n-doped region in the amplifying material;
a first terminal coupled to the n-doped region;
a p-doped region in the amplifying material;
a second terminal coupled to the p-doped region;
an absorbing region comprising a layer of an absorbing material disposed over the layer of the amplifying material; and
a third terminal coupled to the layer of absorbing material; and
a p-doped contact region between the absorbing region and the third terminal;
wherein the n-doped region and the p-doped region are separated both horizontally and vertically by an interstice of undoped amplifying material.

US Pat. No. 10,797,193

BIAS CONTROL STRUCTURE FOR AVALANCHE PHOTODIODES

Lumentum Operations LLC, ...

1. An avalanche photodiode, comprising:a photon absorbing layer to absorb photons of an optical beam and to provide a response;
a gain response layer to provide a gain to the response; and
a bias control structure connected to the gain response layer to control an electric field in the photon absorbing layer and the gain response layer.

US Pat. No. 10,797,192

P-TYPE AMORPHOUS OXIDE SEMICONDUCTOR INCLUDING GALLIUM, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME, AND SOLAR CELL INCLUDING SAME AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAID SOLAR CELL

UNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY COOPE...

1. A p-type oxide semiconductor where gallium (Ga) is further combined with a combination of CuS and SnO,wherein the p-type oxide semiconductor is a single layer expressed with following chemical formula 1
CuSGaxSn(1-x)O  [Chemical formula 1]
where,
0.45

US Pat. No. 10,797,191

LIGHT TRAPPING OPTICAL STRUCTURE

SVV TECHNOLOGY INNOVATION...

1. An optical article for redistributing light, comprising:a rectangular optically transmissive sheet configured to guide light using total internal reflection and having a first broad-area surface, a second broad-area surface which is parallel to the first broad-area surface, a thickness between a fraction of a millimeter and several millimeters, and length and width dimensions of 100 millimeters or more;
an artificial light source configured to illuminate the optically transmissive sheet;
a plurality of rounded ridges formed in the first broad-area surface and extending along parallel straight lines between two opposing edges of the optically transmissive sheet;
a two-dimensional pattern of discrete cavities formed in the second broad-area surface;
a light converting layer extending parallel to the optically transmissive sheet and disposed in an energy receiving relationship with respect to the optically transmissive sheet, the light converting layer comprising a first transparent wall, a second transparent wall, and a partially transmissive layer sandwiched between the first and second transparent walls;
a reflective back cover which is approximately coextensive with the optically transmissive sheet and the light converting layer; and
a total internal reflection surface located at a distance from the optically transmissive sheet and configured to reflect light using total internal reflection,
wherein at least one of the rounded ridges defines a cylindrical lens having an arcuate cross-sectional profile, wherein an area occupied by each of the discrete cavities is less than an area occupied by each of the rounded ridges, and wherein the partially transmissive layer comprises light absorbing elements distributed within an optically transmissive material and configured for absorbing and converting light emitted by the artificial light source.

US Pat. No. 10,797,190

ASYMMETRIC GROOVE

POWER ROLL LIMITED, Sund...

1. An optoelectronic device comprising:a substrate comprising a groove having a first face and a second face, wherein the first face of the groove is longer than the second face of the groove or the second face of the groove is longer than the first face of the groove;
wherein a first side of the groove comprises the first face of the groove and a first surface of the substrate adjacent the groove;
wherein a second side of the groove comprises the second face of the groove and a second surface of the substrate adjacent the groove;
wherein the first face of the groove is partially coated with a first layer comprising a first semiconductor material and the second face of the groove is partially coated with a second layer comprising a conductor material;
wherein the first layer comprising the first semiconductor material further coats the first surface of the substrate adjacent the groove;
wherein the second layer comprising the conductor material further coats the second surface of the substrate adjacent the groove;
wherein a second semiconductor material is in the groove such that the conductor material and the first semiconductor material are both in contact with the second semiconductor material in the groove; and
wherein the second side of the groove is partially coated with the first layer comprising the first semiconductor material, wherein the first layer is on top of the second layer, and wherein there is a gap between the first semiconductor material on the second side of the groove and the second semiconductor material in the groove.

US Pat. No. 10,797,189

CONTROL OF SURFACE PROPERTIES BY DEPOSITION OF PARTICLE MONOLAYERS

NANOCLEAR TECHNOLOGIES IN...

1. A method comprising:functionalizing a surface with a monolayer of a first functional group by contacting a first fluid to the surface;
removing an excess quantity of the first fluid once the monolayer of the first functional group is formed on the surface;
functionalizing a first plurality of particles with a second functional group by contacting a second fluid to the first plurality of particles, the second functional group chosen so as to attach to the first functional group;
removing an excess quantity of the second fluid once the second functional group has functionalized the first plurality of particles;
forming a single monolayer of particles on the surface, by contacting the functionalized first plurality of particles to the functionalized surface and attaching the first functional group to the second functional group;
self-saturating the single monolayer of particles, thus preventing additional particles of the functionalized first plurality of particles from attaching to the single monolayer of particles,
wherein:
the particles of the first plurality of particles have lateral dimensions less than 100 micrometers.

US Pat. No. 10,797,188

OPTICAL SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE FOR EMITTING LIGHT THROUGH APERTURE

1. An optical semiconductor structure comprising:a first type semiconductor layer;
a second type semiconductor layer;
an active layer interposed between a first surface of the first type semiconductor layer and a first surface of the second type semiconductor layer;
a first reflector formed on a second surface of the first type semiconductor layer, wherein the first reflector having an aperture located on the second surface of the first type semiconductor layer;
a second reflector formed on a second surface of the second type semiconductor layer;
a light channel tube having light reflecting inner sidewalls aligned and connected to the aperture, protruding out from a surface of the first reflector;
an optically transparent material placed in the light channel tube, wherein the optically transparent material having a high refractive index;
the light channel tube having outer sidewalls; and
a packaging material covering and contacting the outer sidewalls of the light channel tube and the surface of the first reflector, wherein the packaging material is different from the optically transparent material having the high refractive index, or an air gap region, wherein the outer sidewalls of the light channel tube and the surface of the first reflector are exposed to the air gap region.

US Pat. No. 10,797,187

PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICE WITH BACK SIDE CONTACTS

ALTA DEVICES, INC., Sunn...

1. A photovoltaic device, comprising:a window layer;
a base layer disposed above the window layer, wherein the base layer is made of a first material including a single group III-V compound semiconductor material having a first doping type;
an emitter layer disposed above the base layer, wherein the emitter layer is made of a second material including a single group III-V compound semiconductor material different from the first material from which the base layer is made, wherein the second material has a different compound of semiconductors than a compound of semiconductors of the first material such that a heterojunction is formed between the emitter layer and the base layer, wherein the second material has a second doping type that is different than the first doping type of the first material;
a first contact for external connection disposed above the emitter layer, such that the first contact for external connection is on the back side of the photovoltaic device;
an interface layer disposed between the first contact and the emitter layer, wherein the interface layer is made of a third material including a single group III-V compound semiconductor material having the second doping type and the same compound of semiconductors as the first material; and
a second contact for external connection coupled to the base layer disposed entirely within at least one recess formed through the emitter layer and over the base layer, wherein a top surface of the second contact for external connection is at or below a top surface of the emitter layer.

US Pat. No. 10,797,186

SOLAR CELL, SOLAR CELL MODULE, AND SOLAR CELL MANUFACTURING METHOD IN WHICH WIRING MEMBER IS CONNECTED TO SURFACE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A solar cell comprising:a photoelectric conversion layer; and
a first finger electrode, a second finger electrode, and a third finger electrode disposed between the first and second finger electrodes, the first, second, and third finger electrodes disposed on a surface of the photoelectric conversion layer, the first finger electrode, the second finger electrode, and the third finger electrode (1) each extending in a first direction and (2) arranged in a second direction, the first direction and the second direction intersecting with each other, wherein
a first wiring member and a second wiring member each extending in the second direction are disposed on the surface of the photoelectric conversion layer, the first wiring member and the second wiring member being arranged in the first direction,
the first finger electrode, the second finger electrode, and the third finger electrode each have a length connecting to both the first wiring member and the second wiring member in the first direction,
the first finger electrode is disposed closer to an edge of the photoelectric conversion layer than the second and third finger electrodes in the second direction,
the solar cell has a first area where the first finger electrode crosses the first wiring member disposed on the surface of the photoelectric conversion layer, a second area where the second finger electrode crosses the first wiring member disposed on the surface of the photoelectric conversion layer, and a third area where the third finger electrode crosses the first wiring member disposed on the surface of the photoelectric conversion layer
a height of the first finger electrode from the surface of the photoelectric conversion layer in the first area is greater than a height of the second finger electrode from the surface of the photoelectric conversion layer in the second area
a height of the third finger electrode from the surface of the photoelectric conversion layer in the third area is less than the height of the first finger electrode from the surface of the photoelectric conversion layer in the first area, and
the height of the third finger electrode from the surface of the photoelectric conversion layer in the third area is greater than the height of the second finger electrode from the surface of the photoelectric conversion layer in the second area.

US Pat. No. 10,797,185

FRONT-SIDE CONDUCTIVE PASTE FOR CRYSTALLINE SILICON SOLAR CELL, PREPARATION METHOD THEREFOR, AND SOLAR CELL

Soltrium Corp., Shenzhen...

1. A front-side conductive paste for a crystalline silicon solar cell, comprising, based on 100 parts by weight,80.0-93.0 parts of a metal powder;
6.0-15.0 parts of an organic carrier;
1.0-5.0 parts of an oxide etching agent wherein based on 100% by mole, the oxide etching agent comprises 15-30% of PbO; 25-40% of TeO2 ; 8.0 -15.0% of Li2O; 9.0-20.0% of SiO2; 5.0-15.0% of Bi2 O3; 0.5-10.0% of ZnO; and either one or both of 0.1-10.0% of MgO and 0.1-10.0% of CaO.

US Pat. No. 10,797,184

APERTURE IN A SEMICONDUCTOR

POWER ROLL LIMITED, Sund...

1. An optoelectronic device comprising:a substrate comprising a groove having a first face and a second face;
wherein the first face of the groove is partially coated with a conductor material and the second face of the groove is partially coated with a first semiconductor material;
wherein the groove is partially filled with a second semiconductor material such that the first face, the second face, the conductor material, and the first semiconductor material are all in contact with the second semiconductor material in the groove;
wherein the groove has a volume and the second semiconductor material occupies from 50 to 75% of the volume of the groove; and
wherein there is a crack in the second semiconductor material.

US Pat. No. 10,797,183

CAPACITOR

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A capacitor comprising:a substrate;
a capacitor formation region having at least one trench extending in the substrate;
a dummy region disposed between the capacitor formation region and an end of the substrate;
a first electrode disposed inside the at least one trench and that covers at least the capacitor formation region;a dielectric film that covers the first electrode; anda second electrode that covers the capacitor formation region and has a different potential from the first electrode,
wherein the dummy region comprises an extended portion that forms one of a recess or a protrusion on the substrate in a path from the second electrode to the end of the substrate,
wherein the extended portion comprises at least one dummy trench configured for reducing a creeping discharge voltage between the first and second electrode and extending in a thickness direction of the substrate, with the at least one dummy trench including at least one cavity, respectively, having a longitudinal direction that extends in a second direction vertical relative to a first direction extending from the capacitor formation region to the end of the substrate.