US Pat. No. 10,461,830

METHODS, NETWORK NODE AND COMMUNICATION DEVICE FOR TRANSMITTING DATA

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method performed in a network node for transmitting data in a wireless network, the network node being configurable for controlling a multiple input multiple output antenna system, the method comprising:beamforming user specific data streams to one or more communication devices, UE1, . . . , UEK, wherein the beamforming is based on respective channel information available for each of the one or more communication devices, UE1, . . . , UEK;
precoding information streams using a transmit diversity scheme; and
transmitting the beamformed user specific data streams and the diversity-precoded information streams in a same transmission time and frequency resource.

US Pat. No. 10,461,825

DISTRIBUTED MIMO AND/OR TRANSMIT DIVERSITY IN A CLOUD-RAN SYSTEM

CommScope Technologies LL...

1. A method of reusing a resource element to transmit user data to a plurality of items of user equipment using a downlink transmission mode that uses multiple antenna ports, wherein the downlink transmission mode precodes sequences of symbols using a precoder matrix selected from a codebook, wherein the precoding produces sequences of precoded symbols, the method comprising:performing linear transformations on the sequences of precoded symbols using a distribution matrix, wherein the distribution matrix is configured so that each of a plurality of precoder matrices provides perfect steering of transmit power to a corresponding one of a plurality of disjoint subsets of the antenna ports used for the downlink transmission mode;
determining if the resource element can be reused to transmit user data to the plurality of items of user equipment; and
when the resource element can be reused, reusing the resource element to transmit user data to the plurality of items of user equipment by:
assigning a respective simulcast group to each of the plurality of items of user equipment that uses a respective one of the plurality of disjoint subsets of antenna ports; and
transmitting user data to each of the items of user equipment using a respective precoder matrix that provides perfect steering to the respective subset of antenna ports in the respective simulcast group for that item of user equipment.

US Pat. No. 10,461,821

FACILITATION OF BEAMFORMING GAINS FOR FRONTHAUL LINKS FOR 5G OR OTHER NEXT GENERATION NETWORK

1. A method, comprising:receiving, by a wireless network device comprising a processor, an uplink reference signal associated with a channel;
based on a characteristic of the channel, generating, by the wireless network device, a first precoder matrix;
in response to the generating the first precoder matrix, determining, by the wireless network device, a channel coefficient associated with a linear combination of basis vectors associated with the wireless network device;
in response to the determining the channel coefficient, transmitting, by the wireless network device, the channel coefficient to a radio unit device;
based on receiving channel state data from a mobile device and in response to the transmitting the channel coefficient to the radio unit device, generating, by the wireless network device, a second precoder matrix; and
in response to the generating the second precoder matrix, applying, by the wireless network device, the second precoder matrix to a transmission, associated with the channel state data, and a demodulation reference signal associated with the mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,461,819

MEDIA ACCESS CONTROL RANGE EXTENSION

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A device, the device comprising memory and processing circuitry configured to:cause to append a training field to at least one of one or more beacon frames;
cause to send the one or more beacon frames directionally using a sector sweep to one or more responder devices during a first interval;
determine an extended schedule element to be sent to the one or more responder devices, the extended schedule element including a field indicating one or more directional antenna sectors allocated by the device for receiving communications from the one or more responder devices during a second interval;
identify a first frame from a first responder device, during the second interval, wherein the first frame is received on a directional antenna sector of the one or more directional antenna sectors corresponding to an operating sector of the first responder device; and
cause to send a first acknowledgment frame to the first responder device, wherein the first acknowledgment frame acknowledges reception of the first frame.

US Pat. No. 10,461,818

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SPATIAL MULTIPLEXING IN LOS ENVIRONMENTS

Cable Television Laborato...

1. An analog, line of sight (LoS) spatial multiplexing system, comprising:a transmit analog processor;
a transmit array configured with a first transmit element and a second transmit element spaced apart by no less than a distance D, the first transmit element in communication with the transmit analog processor for receiving a first modulation symbol for transmitting as a first transmit signal, the second transmit elements in communication with the transmit analog processor for receiving a second modulation symbol for transmitting as a second transmit signal;
a receive array configured with a first and a second receive element, the first receive element configured to receive a first receive signal comprising a combination of at least the first and the second transmit signals, the second receive element configured to receive a second receive signal comprising a different combination of at least the first and second transmit signals; and
a receive analog processor in communication with the receive array, utilizing at least the distance D, for processing the first and second receive signals in the analog domain to recover at least one of the first transmit signal and the second transmit signal.

US Pat. No. 10,461,814

MASSIVE MIMO MULTI-USER BEAMFORMING AND SINGLE CHANNEL FULL DUPLEX FOR WIRELESS NETWORKS

RF DSP INC., Irvine, CA ...

1. A method for wireless networking comprising one or more Base Stations (BSs) with Nbs antennas; two or more Small Cells (SCs) in a range of a BS of said one or more BSs where a SC has Nsc antennas, uses Nsc1?Nsc antennas for communication with the BS and uses Nsc2?Nsc antennas for communication with one or more User Equipment (UEs); at the same time the BS transmitting Downlink (DL) signals to K SCs using a multi-user transmit beamforming (BE) in a frequency channel where K>1 and Nbs?KNsc1, based on evaluation of the BS-UE interferences and the SC-SC interferences using analysis of the deployment and path loss assessment, allocating frequency resources for the one or more SCs to simultaneously transmitting DL signals to one or more UEs in their ranges; and, at the same time the BS receiving Uplink (UL) signals from K SCs using the multi-user receive BF in a frequency channel where K>1 and Nbs?KNsc1, based on evaluation of the BS-UE interferences and the SC-SC interferences using analysis of the deployment and path loss assessment, allocating frequency resources for the one or more SC to simultaneously receiving UL signals from one or more UEs in their ranges;wherein the wireless networking further comprising choosing the number of antennas on the BS Nbs to be sufficiently larger than the total number of antennas for communicating with the BS on all the SCs served using the same frequency resource to match the throughput of the link between the BS and SCs with the sum throughput of the SCs.

US Pat. No. 10,461,811

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATIC POWER CONTROL (APC) IN A COMMUNICATIONS DEVICE THAT COMMUNICATES VIA INDUCTIVE COUPLING

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A method for automatic power control (APC) in a communications device that communicates via inductive coupling, the method comprising:obtaining a plurality of system parameters that include a particular system parameter having a monotonic relationship with respect to a distance between the communications device and a counterpart communications device;
determining an APC configuration of the communications device from the plurality of system parameters, wherein determining the APC configuration of the communications device from the plurality of system parameters comprises using the system parameters as input variables, selecting a transmission configuration profile from a lookup table of profiles; and
controlling a transmission configuration of the communications device based on the APC configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,461,809

CONTROLLING POWER TO A LOAD WITH SIGNALS ALONG A POWER LINE

LIGHTING AND ILLUMINATION...

1. A circuit for controlling electrical power to a load, the circuit comprising:a controller including power supply input nodes and a controller data input node;
power supply input terminals for supplying electrical power to the circuit;
a digital control signal pre-processing unit coupling one of the power supply input terminals to the controller data input node, the digital control signal pre-processing unit including a capacitor arranged to block voltage biasing resulting from power supplied to electrical power supply input terminals from being supplied to the controller data input node, wherein the digital control signal pre-processing unit is arranged to generate positive and negative voltage impulses in response to corresponding rising and falling edges of a digital control signal provided at the power supply input terminals and wherein the digital control signal pre-processing unit is further arranged to generate a revised version of the digital control signal without the voltage biasing, and
a bridge rectifier coupling the power supply input terminals to the power supply input nodes, wherein the bridge rectifier couples one of the supply input terminals to the digital control signal pre-processing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,461,807

POWER AND DATA TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Philip Morris Products S....

1. A handheld, battery powered, electrically operated aerosol-generating device, comprising:an input comprising a single pair of electrical contacts connectable to a host device to receive a time-multiplexed signal from the host device, the time-multiplexed signal comprising power and data time-multiplexed with one another and solely being received by the single pair of electrical contacts;
a power receiving circuit;
a data receiving circuit; and
a switch element configured to automatically and sequentially provide the time-multiplexed signal received at the input to the power receiving circuit such that the power receiving circuit receives the power in the time-multiplexed signal and to the data receiving circuit such that the data receiving circuit receives the data in the time-multiplexed signal, dependent on a voltage of the time-multiplexed signal.

US Pat. No. 10,461,805

VALID LANE TRAINING

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:physical layer logic to:
receive one or more link training signals comprising instances of a link training pattern on a plurality of lanes of a physical link, wherein the plurality of lanes comprise at least one valid lane and a plurality of data lanes;
train the plurality of lanes using the link training signals to synchronize sampling of the valid lane with sampling of the plurality of data lanes;
enter an active link state;
receive a valid signal on the valid lane during the active link state, wherein the valid signal comprises a signal held at a value for a defined first duration and indicates that data is to be received on the plurality of data lanes in a second defined duration subsequent to the first duration; and
receive the data, during the active link state, on the plurality of data lanes during the second defined duration.

US Pat. No. 10,461,803

METHOD FOR RENDEZVOUS OF UNLICENSED USERS HAVING MULTIPLE TRANSCEIVERS IN COGNITIVE RADIO NETWORKS

HOHAI UNIVERSITY, CHANGZH...

1. A method for rendezvous of unlicensed users having multiple transceivers in cognitive radio networks, comprising four stages:(1) an initial stage: setting an initial environment for the method for rendezvous of unlicensed users;
(2) a stage of selecting a rendezvous method: selecting a corresponding rendezvous method according to the quantity of transceivers that an unlicensed user is equipped with;
(3) a stage of generating a channel hopping sequence: generating a channel hopping sequence by using the corresponding rendezvous method; and
(4) a rendezvous stage: running, by the unlicensed user, on a corresponding channel according to the channel hopping sequence generated in the stage of generating a channel hopping sequence, and attempting to rendezvous with a destination node of the unlicensed user, wherein if rendezvous is achieved, the rendezvous process ends; and if rendezvous is not achieved, the rendezvous process continues until rendezvous is achieved.

US Pat. No. 10,461,793

COVER OF A MOBILE DEVICE AND MOBILE DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A mobile device comprising:a wireless communication chip configured to perform a wireless communication;
a matching circuit coupled to the wireless communication chip; and
a cover including,
a plate configured to cover at least one surface of the mobile device, and including a slit and an opening,
two terminals directly on the plate, the two terminals directly connected to the matching circuit, and
an insulating pattern dividing the plate into an inner region and an outer region surrounding the inner region, the insulating pattern surrounding the inner region of the plate at which a signal path from one of the two terminals to the other of the two terminals is formed,
wherein the slit is located between the two terminals, and extends from the opening,
at least a portion of the cover is configured to operate as an antenna for the wireless communication of the mobile device, and
the matching circuit is configured to perform an impedance matching between the wireless communication chip and the antenna for the wireless communication.

US Pat. No. 10,461,792

RADIO COMMUNICATION DEVICE AND RADIO COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A radio communication device, detachably mounted on a base, comprising:first and second communication units;
a first antenna terminal used to receive one of first and second signals from the base;
a second antenna terminal used to receive another one of the first and second signals from the base;
a terminal switch configured to perform switching between a first coupling state in which the first communication unit and the first antenna terminal are coupled, and the second communication unit and the second antenna terminal are coupled, and a second coupling state in which the first communication unit and the second antenna terminal are coupled, and the second communication unit and the first antenna terminal are coupled; and
a controller configured to control the terminal switch so as to switch to the first coupling state when in a first reception state in which the first antenna terminal receives the first signal from a third antenna terminal of the base, and the second antenna terminal receives the second signal from a fourth antenna terminal of the base, and to control the terminal switch so as to switch to the second coupling state when in a second reception state in which the first antenna terminal receives the second signal from the fourth antenna terminal of the base, and the second antenna terminal receives the first signal from the third antenna terminal of the base.

US Pat. No. 10,461,791

INTERFERENCE ANALYSIS IN WIRELESS NETWORKS

TELEFONAKTIEBOLAGET LM ER...

1. A method for managing interference in a wireless communication network, the method comprising:receiving measurement data from a plurality of measurement devices in the network;
processing the measurement data to detect signal patterns of one or more of a plurality of signal strength pattern types in the network and to generate pattern characterization data that characterizes the detected signal strength patterns, each of the signal strength pattern types corresponding to a different type of interference;
receiving a user selection of a signal strength pattern type; and
selecting, in response to the user selection and for display to the user, pattern characterization data that characterizes signals of the selected signal strength pattern type.

US Pat. No. 10,461,786

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AMPLIFIERS

Telefonaktiebolaget LM Er...

1. A method of controlling at least one amplifier of a network node, the network node being configured to communicate with a plurality of user equipment devices within a cell of a wireless communication network, the method comprising:evaluating back-off criteria relating to the plurality of user equipment devices, wherein the back-off criteria comprises positional information relating to the position of the plurality of user equipment devices within the cell; and
selectively controlling at least one amplifier to operate in one of a reduced power mode and a predistortion mode, based on the result of the evaluation,wherein the method further comprises:determining the location of each of the plurality of user equipment devices within the cell;
determining what percentage of user equipment devices are within a predetermined distance of the cell center; and
controlling at least one amplifier to operate in the reduced power mode instead of the predistortion mode if the determined percentage is above a threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,461,784

COMMUNICATION APPARATUS

SOUNDPOWER CORPORATION, ...

1. A communication apparatus, comprising:at least one manipulating unit;
at least one power generating unit that generates electric power using force externally applied via the manipulating unit;
at least one transmitting unit that transmits a signal; and
at least one control unit that causes, when the manipulating unit is manipulated, the transmitting unit to transmit the signal with priority over another process other than the transmission of the signal using first electric power which is part of the electric power generated by the power generating unit and then performs the other process using second electric power other than the first electric power among the electric power generated by the power generating unit.

US Pat. No. 10,461,781

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR COMMUNICATING DATA OVER A COMMUNICATION CHANNEL

INPHI CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A modulator comprising:a symbol mapper for mapping a bit stream into symbols; and
a multi-level encoder comprising an inner encoder and an outer encoder for encoding only a portion of the bit stream such that an information block size of the inner encoder is a multiple of a field size of the outer encoder;
wherein a portion of the bit stream comprises a least significant bit (LSB) sequence and a non-LSB sequence having p-times as many bits, p being an average number of bits per LSB; and
the symbol mapper being configured for mapping the bit stream into the symbols from a constellation of 2N symbols, where N is an integer and is variable from symbol to symbol.

US Pat. No. 10,461,780

MALLEABLE ERROR CONTROL CODE STRUCTURES SUITABLE FOR ADAPTIVE ERROR PROTECTION

Cisco Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method comprising:determining a sequence of source packets, wherein the sequence of source packets satisfies a windowing condition;
synthesizing a first set of parity packets as a function of a first set of source packets in the sequence, wherein the first set of source packets satisfies a first encoding pattern; and
synthesizing a second set of parity packets as a function of a second set of source packets in the sequence, wherein the second set of source packets satisfies a second encoding pattern that is different from the first encoding pattern, wherein each of the first encoding pattern and the second encoding pattern characterizes an encoding structure determined as a function of a channel characterization vector, and wherein each of the first encoding pattern and the second encoding pattern are selected based on the channel characterization vector to provide unequal protection for the source packets.

US Pat. No. 10,461,735

ELECTRICAL SWITCHING APPARATUS COMPRISING AN IMPROVED ELECTRICALLY INTERCONNECT DEVICE

ALSTOM Transport Technolo...

1. An electrical switching apparatus, comprising:at least two power components, each including first and second power transistors, wherein each first power transistor includes first and second control electrodes, and each second power transistor includes third and fourth control electrodes,
a driver control device of the transistors, configured to deliver a first control signal to each of the first power transistors and a second control signal to each of the second power transistors,
an electrical interconnect device connecting the driver control device to the power components to transmit the first and second control signals to the first and second power transistors,
wherein the electrical interconnect device comprises first, second, third and fourth electrically conductive plates extending parallel to one another, each of these electrically conductive plates electrically connecting the first, second, third and fourth control electrodes, respectively, to the respective outputs of the driver control device, and
wherein the first and second electrically conductive plates are arranged on opposite sides of a first electrically insulating support and in that the third and fourth electrically conductive plates are arranged on opposite sides of a second electrically insulating support.

US Pat. No. 10,461,706

DIFFERENTIAL AMPLIFIER INCLUDING CANCELLATION CAPACITORS

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. A system, comprising:a differential amplifier coupled to a parasitic capacitor positioned between a first node and a first reference voltage source;
a buffer amplifier having an input terminal and an output terminal, the input terminal coupled to the first node and the output terminal coupled to a cancellation capacitor;
a controlled current source coupled to the first node and the input terminal, the controlled current source coupled to a second reference voltage source; and
a current sense circuit coupled to the cancellation capacitor and the second reference voltage source.

US Pat. No. 10,461,705

APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR OSCILLATION SUPPRESSION OF CASCODE POWER AMPLIFIERS

Skyworks Solutions, Inc.,...

1. A power amplifier system comprising:an input terminal configured to receive a radio frequency input signal;
an output terminal;
a cascode power amplifier including a plurality of transconductance devices each electrically coupled to the input terminal, and a plurality of cascode devices each electrically coupled to the output terminal, the plurality of transconductance devices configured to operate in combination with the plurality of cascode devices to amplify the radio frequency input signal;
a bias circuit configured to bias the plurality of cascode devices with two or more bias signals that are decoupled from one another at radio frequency so as to provide oscillation suppression to the cascode power amplifier, the two or more bias signals including a first bias voltage configured to bias a first portion of the plurality of cascode devices and a second bias voltage configured to bias a second portion of the plurality of cascode devices; and
a radio frequency isolation circuit electrically coupled between the first bias voltage and the second bias voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,461,702

AMPLIFIER CIRCUIT HAVING POLY RESISTOR WITH BIASED DEPLETION REGION

MEDIATEK INC., Hsin-Chu ...

1. An amplifier circuit, comprising:an operational amplifier having an input terminal and an output terminal, for receiving an input signal to generate an output signal;
a feedback path coupled between the input terminal and the output terminal of the operational amplifier, wherein the feedback path comprises at least two poly resistors, and a depletion region of at least one of the two poly resistors is biased by the output signal generated by the operational amplifier;
wherein the operational amplifier generates the output signal to a conductive layer, without passing through any other poly resistor, to directly bias the depletion region of the at least one of the two poly resistors, wherein the conductive layer is isolated from the poly resistors.

US Pat. No. 10,461,698

SIGNAL PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A signal processing apparatus comprising:a mixing section that has a differential configuration, mixes two local signals with each signal of a differential signal, and calculates a difference between results of the mixing of the two local signals, the two local signals having a 1/3 duty ratio and phases mutually shifted by a 1/2 period; and
a resonance section that resonates with the differential signal, with which the local signals are mixed by the mixing section, at a predetermined resonant frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,461,697

OSCILLATION CIRCUIT AND OSCILLATION-CIRCUIT DRIVING METHOD

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. An oscillation circuit comprising:a first amplifier that has an input end and an output end;
a piezoelectric resonator connected between the input end and the output end of the first amplifier;
an alternating-voltage waveform shaping circuit configured to apply, to the piezoelectric resonator, an alternating-voltage waveform having rising portions sharper than a sine wave; and
a filter configured to attenuate a damped-capacitance current flowing in a damped capacitance in an equivalent circuit of the piezoelectric resonator and allow a resonance current to pass therethrough,
wherein the oscillation circuit is configured to feed, back to the input end of the first amplifier, a current flowing from the output end of the first amplifier to the piezoelectric resonator, and
wherein the alternating-voltage waveform shaping circuit includes a second amplifier connected between the output end of the first amplifier and the piezoelectric resonator and that outputs a substantially square wave to the piezoelectric resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,461,688

SENSOR UNIT

TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD., T...

1. A sensor unit, comprising:a sensor configured to measure a physical quantity that characterizes a state of a solar cell module;
a wireless unit wirelessly outputting measurement results of the sensor;
a case housing the sensor and the wireless unit; and
a spacer configured to attach the case to a frame for the solar cell module such that the wireless unit is separated from the frame by a prescribed distance,
wherein the frame is a stand frame on which the solar cell module is mounted,
wherein the case is configured to be fastened to the frame by one or more bands,
wherein the spacer includes a protrusion protruding from a first contact surface of the case that contacts the frame, said protrusion preventing movement of the case in a direction that would cause the wireless unit to be closer to the frame when the case and the frame are fastened to each other by said one or more bands, and
wherein the case includes:
a first terminal having a tube shape protruding outwards from one side face of the case, the first terminal being configured to introduce a cable from the solar cell module to inside of the case and configured to receive a first band that is wrapped around the first terminal and the frame; and
a second terminal having a tube shape protruding outwards from another side face of the case, the second terminal being configured to introduce a cable from the solar cell module to inside of the case and configured to receive a second band that is wrapped around the second terminal and the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,461,686

COOLING MODULE FOR A PHOTOVOLTAIC UNIT

1. A cooling module for a photovoltaic unit, the cooling module comprising:a core formed as a panel-type 3D fabric and designed as a knitted fabric spacer, through which a fluid is adapted to flow, edge surfaces of the core being provided with an edging, the edge surfaces being fluid-impermeable;
at least two edgings having a U-shaped cross section with an edge-parallel crosspiece and two parallel flanges, the at least two edgings arranged on two opposite edge surfaces are arranged such that each of the crosspieces is spaced from a corresponding side edge surface such that a rectangular cavity, through which the fluid is adapted to flow parallel to the side edge surface, is formed by the side edge surface and the corresponding edging;
at least two inlets arranged on a first edging; and
at least two outlets arranged on the second edging opposite the first edging,
wherein surfaces of the core are each provided with a fluid-impermeable coating directly thereon, and
wherein the two parallel flanges each have a planar inner side and each planar inner side is arranged flat directly on a partial region of the fluid-impermeable coatings.

US Pat. No. 10,461,685

FOLDABLE PHOTOVOLTAIC ASSEMBLY WITH NON-PERPENDICULAR INTERCONNECTION

Global Solar Energy, Inc....

1. An assembly of electrically interconnected photovoltaic submodules, comprising:a first photovoltaic submodule including a first plurality of electrically interconnected photovoltaic cells;
a second photovoltaic submodule including a second plurality of electrically interconnected photovoltaic cells, wherein the second submodule is separated from the first submodule by a fold zone characterized by a fold line; and
a plurality of spaced apart conductive interconnection structures electrically interconnecting the first and second submodules, each including a discrete bundle of parallel conductors and each extending through the fold zone at a non-perpendicular angle relative to the fold line;
wherein each and every one of the conductive interconnection structures is independently sufficient to electrically interconnect the photovoltaic submodules.

US Pat. No. 10,461,681

INVERTER CONTROL DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An inverter control device that is applied to an inverter including series connections each of an upper arm switch and a lower arm switch, whereina time-series pattern that defines a switching pattern for each of the upper arm switch and the lower arm switch is defined as an operation pattern,
the inverter control device comprises:
a pattern storage unit that stores a plurality of the operation patterns associated with each of synchronous numbers and modulation factors, the synchronous numbers each defining an upper limit of the number of switching operations for each of the arm switches;
a pattern selecting unit that selects an appropriate operation pattern from among the operation patterns stored in the pattern storage unit; and
an operation unit that operates the upper arm switch and the lower arm switch on the basis of the operation pattern selected by the pattern selecting unit,
the pattern storage unit stores a plurality of the operation patterns associated with the same modulation factor for the same synchronous number, and
in a case where there is a plurality of next patterns as the operation patterns corresponding to a next modulation factor, the pattern selecting unit selects, from among the next patterns, an operation pattern other than the operation pattern with the largest change from a currently set operation pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,461,679

MOTOR CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD

1. A method comprising:estimating a frequency of rotation of a motor by repeatedly short-circuiting at least some windings of the motor in order to generate a plurality of short circuit current pulses, identifying the peaks of the short circuit current pulses and using the identified peaks to estimate said frequency of rotation;
determining whether the estimation of the frequency of rotation of the motor is reliable; and
in the event that the estimation of the frequency of rotation of the motor is determined to be unreliable, applying a magnetising pulse to the motor and repeating the steps of estimating the frequency of rotation of the motor and determining whether the estimation of the frequency of rotation of the motor is reliable.

US Pat. No. 10,461,676

METHOD FOR DETECTING STALLING OF AN ELECTRIC STEPPER MOTOR, AN ELECTRIC STEPPER MOTOR AND A HEATING, VENTILATION AND/OR AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM WITH AN ELECTRIC STEPPER MOTOR

VALEO KLIMASYSTEME GMBH, ...

1. A method for detecting stalling of an electric stepper motor, comprising:continuously or periodically obtaining a plurality of samples of a voltage at a coil of the stepper motor;
determining a deviation value corresponding to a deviation between measured voltages of two of the plurality of obtained samples; and
determining, using the deviation value whether the electric motor is stalling,
wherein:
each sample of the plurality of samples is an individual raw voltage value obtained from the coil of the stepper motor at a predefined time, and
a start sample of the plurality of samples is a sample obtained after a start of a control phase and after a predetermined time interval has lapsed.

US Pat. No. 10,461,674

ELECTRIC WORKING MACHINE, AND METHOD OF DETECTING OVERLOAD OPERATION THEREOF

MAKITA CORPORATION, Anjo...

1. An electric working machine comprising:a motor configured to generate a driving force for driving a tool portion attached to the electric working machine;
a drive circuit configured to drive the monitor;
a speed setting unit configured to set a rotation speed of the motor;
a load detection unit configured to detect a magnitude of a load on the motor;
a determination unit configured to calculate an estimated value of a heat generation amount of the motor from the magnitude of the load detected by the load detection unit when the motor rotates, and to determine that the motor is in an overload operation state when the estimated value reaches a predetermined threshold; and
a parameter setting unit configured to set a parameter used for calculating the estimated value in accordance with the rotation speed without being coupled to a detection circuit that detects a temperature of the motor and/or a temperature of the drive circuit, the parameter setting unit being further configured to set the parameter so that the estimated value quickly reaches the threshold as the rotation speed set by the speed setting unit decreases,
wherein the load detection unit k configured to detect a current flowing through a conduction path provided between a power source and the motor,
wherein the estimated value of the heat generation amount of the motor is based on the current detected by the load detection unit,
wherein the determination unit includes a heating counter,
wherein the parameter includes a count parameter for incrementing the heating counter,
wherein the parameter setting unit is configured to set the count parameter to quickly increment the heating counter as the rotation speed set by the speed setting unit decreases,
wherein the determination unit is configured to increment a count value of the heating counter based on the count parameter, and
wherein the count value of the heating counter corresponds to the estimated value.

US Pat. No. 10,461,671

MULTISPEED ALTERNATING CURRENT MOTOR

QM Power, Inc., Kansas C...

1. A circuit for a machine having an alternating current (AC) power source having a first side (L1) and a second side (L2), the circuit comprising:a winding with a start side and an end side;
a first power switch connected between the first side and the winding start side;
a second power switch connected between the second side and the winding start side;
a third power switch connected between the first side and the winding end side;
a fourth power switch connected between the second side and the winding end side; and
a motor controller to:
receive a signal from an AC polarity detector and another signal from a Hall effect device and determine which of the power switches to open or close to obtain a proper direction of current flow through the winding based on the signal and the other signal;
close the first power switch and the fourth power switch and open the second power switch and the third power switch to cause current to flow from the first side to the second side; or
close the second power switch and the third power switch and open the first power switch and the fourth power switch to cause current to flow from the second side to the first side.

US Pat. No. 10,461,662

AC/DC CONVERTER

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. Alternating-Current/Direct-Current (AC/DC) converter comprising:a first input terminal that is connected to one input side of an AC power supply;
a second input terminal that is connected to another input side of the AC power supply;
a first output terminal;
a second output terminal;
a first capacitor that is connected to the first output terminal and an interposed connection terminal therebetween;
a second capacitor that is connected to the interposed connection terminal and the second output terminal therebetween;
a first diode that is connected to the first input terminal and the first output terminal therebetween so that a forward direction of the first diode is a direct on from the first input terminal toward the first output terminal;
a second diode that is connected to the second output terminal and the first input terminal therebetween so that a forward direction of the second diode is a direction from the second output terminal toward the first input terminal;
a first switching element that is connected to the first output terminal and the second input terminal therebetween;
a second switching element that is connected to the second input terminal and the second output terminal therebetween;
third and fourth switching elements whose main current paths are serially connected between the second input terminal and the interposed connection terminal;
a first PWM-signal generating circuit that generates a two-level PWM signal in accordance with a comparison result between a voltage of the AC power supply and a predetermined reference signal;
a second PWM-signal generating circuit that generates a three-level PWM signal from an output signal of the first PWM-signal generating circuit;
a drive-signal generating circuit that generates, from an output signal output from the second PWM-signal generating circuit, drive signals to be supplied to the first to the fourth switching elements; and
a detection circuit that detects a polarity of the voltage of the AC power supply, wherein
when the detection circuit detects an inversion of a polarity of the voltage of the AC power supply, a two-level PWM signal, which is obtained by inverting a duty ratio of a two-level PWM signal output from the first PWM-signal generating circuit during a period just before the inversion of the polarity of the voltage of the AC power supply, is supplied to the second PWM-signal generating circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,461,657

POWER CONVERSION APPARATUS

KEIHIN CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A power conversion apparatus comprising:a first cooler configured to cool a power module;
a second cooler configured to cool at least one first electronic component provided therein;
a housing configured to house the first cooler and the second cooler, the housing comprising a main body, a compartment plate which divides the main body to define a first room housing at least one second electronic component and a second room in which the second cooler is provided, and a coolant jacket which has the first cooler therein and is mounted on the main body so as to cover an open end of the first room; and
a connecting coolant passage entirely defined within an inner wall of the main body, the connecting coolant passage being directly connected to each of the first cooler and the second cooler so as to connect the first cooler to the second cooler,
wherein the first room and the second room are interposed between the first cooler and the second cooler.

US Pat. No. 10,461,656

POWER CONVERSION DEVICE HAVING A COVER THAT COVERS DC POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE TERMINALS

Hitachi Automotive System...

1. A power conversion device, comprising: a power semiconductor module that converts a DC current into an AC current and includes a DC positive terminal and a DC negative terminal; a cover portion that includes a first insulating portion, the first insulating portion being disposed with respect to another conductor that approaches each of the DC positive terminal and the DC negative terminal, wherein the cover portion holds a metal member that covers the DC positive terminal and the DC negative terminal; and a driver circuit board in which a drive circuit is mounted to drive the power semiconductor module, wherein the driver circuit hoard is disposed at a position to face the power semiconductor module with the cover portion interposed there between, the driver circuit board includes a circuit element mounted in a surface on a side where the cover portion is disposed.

US Pat. No. 10,461,655

POWER FLUCTUATION MITIGATION SYSTEM

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A power fluctuation mitigation system for use in a power supply system that supplies AC power to a load, comprising:an inverter unit including a first converter connected to an AC power supply to perform AC/DC conversion, a DC intermediate condenser, and an inverter connected to the first converter through the DC intermediate condenser to perform DC/AC conversion; and
a power fluctuation mitigating device including a second converter connected to the AC power supply to perform AC/DC conversion, a first variable resistor, a capacitive storage device configured to be charged by an output of the second converter through the first variable resistor, and a charging unit including a second variable resistor to charge the DC intermediate condenser through the second variable resistor with power stored in the capacitive storage device, wherein a voltage of the capacitive storage device in a fully charged state is set higher than a maximum voltage of the DC intermediate condenser,
wherein the charging unit supplies power from the capacitive storage device to the DC intermediate condenser upon occurrence of fluctuation in an output of the inverter unit occurring in response to fluctuation in the load.

US Pat. No. 10,461,651

SOFT-SWITCHING POWER CONVERTERS USING AIR-CORE RESONANT INDUCTOR

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A resonant power converter comprising:a DC bus including a first rail and a second rail;
a primary leg coupled between the first rail and the second rail, the primary leg including a first primary switch and a second primary switch coupled at a primary midpoint connection;
an auxiliary leg coupled between the first rail and the second rail, the auxiliary leg including a first auxiliary switch and a second auxiliary switch coupled at an auxiliary midpoint connection, the first auxiliary switch including a wide bandgap semiconductor switch and the second auxiliary switch including a wide bandgap semiconductor switch;
an LC resonant circuit including an air-core resonant inductor and a resonant capacitor coupled between the auxiliary midpoint connection and the primary midpoint connection, the inductance of the LC resonant circuit being less than 400 nH; and
a controller structured to control the first auxiliary switch, the second auxiliary switch, the first primary switch, and the second primary switch so as to provide resonant operation of the LC resonant circuit effective to provide a substantially zero voltage condition across the first primary switch when closing the first primary switch and to provide a substantially zero voltage condition across the second primary switch when closing the second primary switch.

US Pat. No. 10,461,649

SWITCHED-MODE POWER SUPPLY CIRCUIT

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A switched-mode power supply circuit that performs a burst-mode operation to stop and restart switching, comprising:a power supply that supplies DC voltage;
a switching element that is connected to the power supply and controls the switching;
a first comparator that detects whether an output voltage of the switched-mode power supply circuit is higher than a predetermined voltage;
a storage element that stores an output of the first comparator according to a timing of controlling the switching by the switching element; and
a determination unit that (i) comprises a latch timer that performs a measurement of a time period for which at least one of an output of the first comparator or an output of the storage element continues to be higher than the predetermined voltage, and (ii) if the latch timer is not reset within a predetermined elapsed time after the latch timer starts the measurement, determines that the switched-mode power supply circuit is in an overvoltage state, wherein
the switched-mode power supply circuit resets the latch timer at a timing corresponding to a switching stop timing in the burst-mode operation.

US Pat. No. 10,461,648

ALTERNATING CURRENT STEP-DOWN CIRCUIT

SHENZHEN SEGRE ELECTRONIC...

1. An alternating current step-down circuit, comprising:an AC input,
a DC output,
an AC output,
a full-bridge rectification and filtering circuit,
a flyback step-down circuit,
a DC-DC step-down unit, and
an inverting unit,
wherein the AC input is connected with an input of the full-bridge rectification and filtering circuit; an output of the full-bridge rectification and filtering circuit is connected with an input of the flyback step-down circuit and with an input of the DC-DC step-down unit; an output of the flyback step-down circuit is connected with the DC output, with the input of the DC-DC step-down unit, and with an input of the inverting unit; an output of the DC-DC step-down unit is connected with the input of the inverting unit; and an output of the inverting unit is connected with the AC output;
wherein the inverting unit comprises:
a current-voltage detection circuit,
a master control circuit,
a DC-AC full-bridge switch circuit, and
a PWM control circuit,
wherein the output of the DC-DC step-down unit is connected with an input of the current-voltage detection circuit; the output of the flyback step-down circuit is connected with an input of the master control circuit; an output of the current-voltage detection circuit is connected with the input of the master control circuit and with an input of the DC-AC full-bridge switch circuit; an output of the master control circuit is connected with an input of the PWM control circuit; an output of the PWM control circuit is connected with the input of the DC-AC full-bridge switch circuit; and an output of the DC-AC full-bridge switch circuit is connected with the AC output.

US Pat. No. 10,461,647

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR A CONTROL CIRCUIT WITH MULTIPLE OPERATING MODES

Power Integrations, Inc.,...

1. A controller for a power converter, comprising:an oscillator coupled to a switch of the power converter to determine a time at which the switch is turned on at a beginning of a switching cycle of the switch, wherein the oscillator includes a capacitor, a charging current source coupled to charge the capacitor, and a discharging current source coupled to discharge the capacitor, wherein a time period for the capacitor to charge and discharge between first and second voltage levels is a time period of the switching cycle of the switch; and
a duty cycle mode control circuit coupled to operate in a first duty control mode in response to a feedback signal representative of an output of the power converter being between a first feedback signal value and a second feedback signal value, wherein the duty cycle mode control circuit is coupled to operate in a second duty control mode in response to the feedback signal being between the second feedback signal value and a third feedback signal value, wherein the duty cycle mode control circuit is coupled to operate in a third duty control mode in response to the feedback signal being between the third feedback signal value and a fourth feedback signal value.

US Pat. No. 10,461,645

POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM, DC/DC CONVERTER, AND POWER CONDITIONER FOR SUPPRESSING PERFORMANCE DEGRADATION IN SOLAR CELLS

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A power supply system, comprising:a solar cell;
a non-isolated type DC/DC converter, boosting a DC voltage from the solar cell input from an input end with a predetermined boosting ratio and outputting a DC voltage from an output end; and
an inverter, converting the DC voltage output from the output end of the DC/DC converter into an AC voltage, the power supply system being connected to an external power system for system interconnection,
wherein the power supply system comprises a potential adjustment device for applying a voltage of the external power system to the solar cell via the inverter to set a ground potential of a negative electrode of the solar cell to positive when an output of the solar cell is smaller than a predetermined value,
the potential adjustment device includes a first resistor, a second resistor, and a diode,
one end of the first resistor is connected to a positive electrode on a DC side of the inverter, and the other end of the first resistor is connected to a negative electrode of the inverter and the negative electrode of the solar cell,
an anode of the diode is connected to the negative electrode of the inverter, and a cathode of the diode is connected to the negative electrode of the solar cell and one end on a negative electrode side of the first resistor, and
one end of the second resistor is connected to the negative electrode of the inverter, the other end of the second resistor is connected to the negative electrode of the solar cell and one end on the negative electrode side of the first resistor, and the second resistor is connected in parallel to the diode.

US Pat. No. 10,461,644

SYNCHRONOUS RECTIFICATION SWITCH CONTROL WITH AUTOMATIC COMPENSATION AND RESET

Infineon Technologies Aus...

1. A synchronous rectification (SR) controller for controlling an SR switch of a switched-mode power converter having an output winding, the SR controller comprising:a first input for sensing a first voltage at a first terminal of the output winding;
a first voltage divider for reducing the first voltage, thereby providing a reduced first voltage;
a second input for sensing a second voltage at a second terminal of the output winding;
a second voltage divider for reducing the second voltage, thereby providing a reduced second voltage;
a volt-second determiner configured to input the reduced first voltage and the reduced second voltage, and provide a volt-second output based upon the reduced first and second voltages, wherein the volt-second output corresponds to a winding current through the output winding; and
an SR switch turn-off signal generator configured to generate an SR switch turn-off signal based upon the volt-second output and a first reference.

US Pat. No. 10,461,640

SWITCHING POWER CONVERTER

Cirrus Logic, Inc., Aust...

1. An apparatus comprising:a power converter having a power supply input for receiving an input power supply voltage generated by a power supply, an output for generating an output voltage to a load, and a power inductor coupled between the power supply input and the output; and
an energy storage element coupled to the power supply input, the power inductor, and the output such that:
within a first portion of a single switching cycle, the power inductor is configured both to deliver energy to the energy storage element; and
within a second, different portion of the same single switching cycle, the power inductor is configured to deliver energy to the load.

US Pat. No. 10,461,639

CURRENT MODE HYSTERETIC CONTROL WITH CLOCKED RAMP

Dialog Semiconductor (UK)...

1. A current mode hysteretic control circuit, in a DC-DC switching converter, comprising:a high-side switch, configured to turn off when a current in a coil exceeds a peak current limit.
a low-side switch, configured to turn off when the current in the coil falls below a valley current limit;
a ramp generator, configured to generate a current ramp, initiated with a reference clock signal, and reset when said valley current limit or said peak current limit is reached by said coil current, wherein said current ramp is used to lock a frequency of said switching converter; and
said switching converter configured with an offset between said peak current limit and said valley current limit, to provide hysteretic current-mode operation.

US Pat. No. 10,461,633

DC-TO-DC DRIVERS WITH HIGH RESOLUTION DIMMING

The Regents of the Univer...

1. A DC-to-DC driver comprising:a converter comprising an output configured to drive a load with an output current; and
a feedback controller coupled to the converter and comprising:
a pulse-width modulator configured to output a first pulse-width modulated signal to the converter;
a first switching mechanism coupled to the pulse-width modulator;
a compensator having an output coupled to the first switching mechanism, the compensator configured to generate a first duty cycle control signal based on a comparison of the output current and a first reference voltage; and
a sampler having an input coupled to the output of the compensator and an output coupled to the switching mechanism, the sampler configured to generate a second duty cycle control signal based on the first duty cycle control signal;
wherein the switching mechanism selectively couples one of the compensator and the sampler with the pulse-width modulator based at least in part on a dimming signal.

US Pat. No. 10,461,632

CURRENT SENSING FOR BRIDGELESS PFC CONVERTERS

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A method of operating a power converter, comprising:operating the power converter during a positive half-line cycle of an alternating current (AC) source by:
shorting a secondary winding of a high-side current transformer;
charging an inductance through a fast leg low-side electrically controlled switch with a first charging current having a first polarity;
measuring the first charging current using a low-side current transformer; and then
discharging the inductance through a fast leg high-side electrically controlled switch with a first discharging current having the first polarity;
operating the power converter during a negative half-line cycle of the AC source by:
shorting a secondary winding of the low-side current transformer;
charging the inductance through the fast leg high-side electrically controlled switch with a second charging current having a second polarity opposite the first polarity;
measuring the second charging current using the high-side current transformer; and then
discharging the inductance through the fast leg low-side electrically controlled switch with a second discharging current having the second polarity.

US Pat. No. 10,461,631

DC-TO-DC CONTROLLER AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

uPI Semiconductor Corp., ...

1. A DC-to-DC controller, coupled to an output stage providing an output voltage and comprising an upper bridge switch and a lower bridge switch, the DC-to-DC controller comprising:a time signal generating unit; and
a time signal control circuit, coupled to the time signal generating unit and receiving a preset voltage and the output voltage,
wherein during a soft start period, if the output voltage is lower than the preset voltage, after the upper bridge switch is turned off and before the upper bridge switch are turned on again, the time signal control circuit turns off the upper bridge switch and the lower bridge switch for a first preset time and turns on the lower bridge switch for a second preset time, wherein the second preset time is less than the first preset time,
wherein immediately after the upper bridge switch is turned off, the lower bridge switch is turned on for the second preset time, and then the lower bridge switch is turned off for the first preset time.

US Pat. No. 10,461,625

POWER CONVERSION DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD FOR SAME

Sumitomo Electric Industr...

1. A power conversion device provided between an AC grid and a DC power supply which outputs a voltage lower than a peak value of an absolute value of an AC voltage of the AC grid, the power conversion device being configured to perform DC/AC power conversion, the power conversion device comprising:a filter circuit connected to the AC grid;
a DC/DC converter provided between the DC power supply and a DC bus;
a capacitor connected to the DC bus;
a DC/AC converter provided between the DC bus and the filter circuit; and
a control unit configured to control the DC/DC converter and the DC/AC converter, wherein
the control unit
calculates an output current target value on the basis of an input power value of a DC power and a voltage value of the AC grid, and calculates a current target value and a voltage target value for the DC/AC converter on the basis of the output current target value, to control the DC/AC converter, and
calculates a current target value for the DC/DC converter on the basis of the current target value and the voltage target value for the DC/AC converter and a voltage target value for the DC/DC converter, to control the DC/DC converter, thereby controlling output of an AC power, and
the control unit selects, as the voltage target value for the DC/DC converter, a greatest value at a present time, from among a DC voltage value of the DC power supply, an absolute value of a voltage target value for an AC side of the DC/AC converter, and a DC voltage lower limit value which is a predetermined value smaller than a peak value of the absolute value.

US Pat. No. 10,461,617

MIRRORING OF HIGH ROTOR POLE SWITCHED RELUCTANCE MACHINES

Software Motor Company, ...

1. A high rotor pole switched reluctance machine comprising:at least two rotors positioned about a central axis, each of the at least two rotors comprising a first and second radial rotor surface and a plurality of rotor poles, the rotor poles located on at least one of the radial rotor surfaces; and
at least two stators positioned about the central axis, at least one of which is placed between the at least two rotors, each of the at least two stators comprising a first and second radial stator surface and a plurality of stator poles, the stator poles located on at least one of the radial stator surfaces;
wherein said at least two stators are aligned such that all said stator poles exhibit radial symmetry and wherein said at least two rotors are aligned such that all said rotor poles exhibit radial symmetry; and
wherein the plurality of rotor poles is in a numerical relationship with the plurality of stator poles, the numerical relationship defined by the Multiple Rotor Pole (MRP) formula:
NR,tot=R×NR=S×(2NS?2)
wherein NR,tot is the total number of rotor poles, R is the number of individual rotors, S is the number of individual stators, NR is the number of rotor poles per rotor and NS is the number of stator poles per stator.

US Pat. No. 10,461,613

STATOR AND STATOR MANUFACTURING METHOD

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A stator comprising:a stator core including:
a yoke that extends in a circumferential direction; and
teeth that protrude from the yoke in a radial direction, a slot being defined between the teeth which are adjacent to each other;
an insulator that is assembled to each tooth from a tip end of the tooth, the insulator including:
a main body within which the tooth is housed; and
a wall that protrudes in a direction orthogonal to the radial direction from an end portion of the main body, a circumferentially end portion of the wall being configured to abut against an inside surface of the yoke in the slot;
a coil that is wound around the main body of the insulator; and
an adhesive that is disposed only in a triangular gap between the yoke and the wall of the insulator, the adhesive being expandable, the adhesive being configured to adhere and fix the insulator to the stator core by expanding to fill in the triangular gap by being heated.

US Pat. No. 10,461,609

MULTI-GATE HALF-BRIDGE CIRCUIT AND PACKAGE

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A half-bridge circuit comprising:a first switch including:
a first load terminal,
a second load terminal,
a first control terminal, and
a second control terminal that is electrically isolated from the first control terminal of the first switch; and
a second switch including:
a first load terminal electrically connected to the second load terminal of the first switch,
a second load terminal, and
a control terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,461,608

MOTOR HAVING SENSOR FOR DETECTING OPERATING STATE OF BEARING

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...

1. A motor comprising:a stator unit having a stator;
a rotor having a rotor core inserted into the stator so as to form a gap, and a shaft including a first shaft portion and a second shaft portion, each protruding from the rotor core in opposite directions;
a first bearing for rotatably supporting the first shaft portion of the shaft in a first portion of the stator unit;
a second bearing for rotatably supporting the second shaft portion of the shaft in a second portion of the stator unit;
a first sensor for measuring a first parameter related to an operating state of the first bearing in the first portion of the stator unit, the first sensor having a first signal line for outputting the first parameter; and
a guide path provided in the stator unit, for guiding the first signal line from the first portion to the second portion;
wherein the stator unit includes a first housing attached on the stator, for supporting the first bearing, and a second housing attached on the stator, for supporting the second bearing,
the stator has a first through hole extending from a first end surface on which the first housing is attached to a second end surface on which the second housing is attached, and
the guide path includes the first through hole of the stator.

US Pat. No. 10,461,603

FAN MOTOR SUPPORT

Valeo Systemes Thermiques...

1. A fan motor support for HVAC systems of motor vehicles, the support comprising:a two-part housing having a first part and a second part;
a flexible joint connecting the first and second parts;
a plurality of internal ribs arranged inside the first and second parts of the two-part housing, locking the motor radially; and
at least one pair of projections arranged inside the first and second parts of the two-part housing, locking the motor axially.

US Pat. No. 10,461,602

FLUSH WATER TANK APPARATUS

TOTO LTD., Kitakyushu-sh...

1. A flush water tank apparatus storing flush water for flush a toilet, comprising:a flush water tank having a discharge opening;
a discharge valve mechanism having a discharge valve configured to open and close the discharge opening by an operation of the discharge valve;
a power drive unit mounted so as to be concealed in an interior of the flush water tank, and capable of electrically operating the discharge valve of the discharge valve mechanism, wherein the power drive unit comprises a motor rotationally driven by electricity and an output shaft for outputting rotation of the motor; and a housing portion formed so as to surround an outlet of a drive unit interior air passage extending from the motor of the power drive unit inside the flush water tank;
wherein the housing portion is opened toward an outside of the flush water tank, and an air passage is formed to communicate from the motor of the power drive unit through the housing portion to the exterior of the flush water tank.

US Pat. No. 10,461,601

MOTOR WITH AN IMPROVED DAMP PROOF OR DUSTPROOF EFFECT

Sunonwealth Electric Mach...

1. A motor comprising:an isolating housing comprising a first housing part and a second housing part, wherein the first and second housing parts are capable of being combined with and detached from each other, wherein a through-hole is formed between the first and second housing parts, wherein the through-hole communicates an internal space of the isolating housing with an external space;
a sealing member comprising a frame portion and a wire receiving portion, wherein the wire receiving portion is integrally formed with an outer periphery of the frame portion, wherein the frame portion is arranged between the first and second housing parts, wherein the wire receiving portion is disposed at the through-hole, wherein a lead wire is received in the wire receiving portion, and wherein the lead wire has one end extending into the internal space of the isolating housing; and
an inner assembly received in the internal space of the isolating housing and electrically connected to the lead wire.

US Pat. No. 10,461,599

BREATHER STRUCTURE OF IN-WHEEL MOTOR DRIVE UNIT AND IN-WHEEL MOTOR DRIVE UNIT INCLUDING THE SAME

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

1. A breather structure of an in-wheel motor drive unit, comprising:a breather passage provided in a casing that forms an outer shape of the in-wheel motor drive unit;
an entrance port provided at an inlet side of the breather passage, the entrance port connecting with an internal space defined by the casing;
an exit port provided at an outlet side of the breather passage, the exit port connecting with a space outside the casing, an outer side part of the exit port located in an internal space of a wheel for the in-wheel motor drive unit; and
an obstacle standing to form an inner wall of the breather passage and comprising a plurality of barriers, wherein the plurality of barriers are arranged between the entrance and exit ports, each barrier increasing in size from the exit port to the entrance port, the obstacle preventing lubrication oil in the internal space from proceeding straight ahead via the entrance port toward the exit port.

US Pat. No. 10,461,597

WINDING STRUCTURE FOR HIGH POWER DENSITY, AXIAL FIELD MOTOR

FORTIOR TECHNOLOGY (SHENZ...

1. A winding structure having a high power density, characterized in that, the winding has a multilayer 2D structure and the winding has a distributed structure with an electrical angle of 180 degrees, wherein each layer contains only one phase winding, every phase winding are arranged in an even number of layer windings, and connected with through holes at a corner of an upper portion of the coil loop, the winding structure is provided with an A-phase winding, a B-phase winding and a C-phase winding, wherein the B-phase winding and the A-phase winding have a difference of an electrical angle of 120 degrees in a tangential space, the C-phase winding and the A-phase winding have a difference of an electrical angle of 240 degrees in the tangential space, the A-phase winding, the B-phase winding and the C-phase winding form the three-phase winding symmetry in space.

US Pat. No. 10,461,596

WINDING FOR A ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINE AND METHOD FOR DESIGNING SUCH A WINDING

Universtie Catholique De ...

1. A winding for a rotating electrical machine, said machine comprising an inductor, an iron core, and an air gap in between, said winding comprising a flexible printed circuit board (PCB) having a plurality of first conductors on a first surface and a plurality of second conductors on a second surface of a substrate, said first and second conductors being tracks printed on said PCB, a first conductor of the first surface being connected through a via to a second conductor of the second surface so as to form a turn, said PCB having an height and a length, such that when rolled up one or more times, in one or more layers, along the length, the PCB is adapted for inserting into said air gap in an axial direction, wherein at least one of said first conductor or said second conductor has a shape extending from a bottom height of said flexible PCB to a top height of said PCB in an axial direction, along a continuous curve or a number n of rectilinear segments, n being larger than 3, said at least one of said first conductors and said at least one of said second conductors not comprising (i) a current entry terminal and a current exit terminal, and (ii) a conducting connection located at a height above or below a crossing of said at least one of said first conductors and said at least one of said second conductors forming said turn, at the top or bottom of said PCB respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,461,593

ROTARY ELECTRIC MACHINE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A rotary electric machine comprising:an annular stator;
a ring-shaped passage through which a cooling medium flows about a circumference of said stator on an outer peripheral side of said stator; and
an admission opening and a discharge opening of said cooling medium connected to said ring-shaped passage, wherein:
said admission opening and said discharge opening are provided at different positions about the circumference;
said ring-shaped passage having a first channel portion that extends from said admission opening to said discharge opening in a first circumferential direction about the circumference of the stator, said ring-shaped passage having a second channel portion that extends from said admission opening to said discharge opening in a second circumferential direction about the circumference of said stator, the second circumferential direction being opposite to the first circumferential direction, said second channel portion being shorter than said first channel portion;
a partition member is provided in said second channel portion of said ring-shaped passage, said partition member interferes with at least a part of the flow of said cooling medium flowing through said second channel portion from said admission opening to said discharge opening in the second circumferential direction;
said partition member is at least partially configured of an elastic material, and abuts an inner surface of said ring-shaped passage; and
said partition member has a main body that longitudinally extends in parallel to an axis center direction of the stator, said main body has a recess that extends in a direction along the circumference of said stator and allows said cooling medium to flow through said second channel portion from said admission opening to said discharge opening in the second circumferential direction.

US Pat. No. 10,461,592

ELECTRIC MACHINE

1. An electric machine comprising:a stator having an array of electromagnetic elements, the stator defining a stator axis;
a rotor having electromagnetic elements defining magnetic poles, the rotor carrier defining a rotor axis;
an airgap being formed between the rotor and the stator when the stator and the rotor are in an operational position;
an inner thrust bearing connecting the rotor and the stator, the inner thrust bearing being arranged to allow relative rotary motion of the stator and the rotor;
an outer thrust bearing connecting the rotor and the stator, the outer thrust bearing being arranged to allow relative rotary motion of the stator and the rotor;
the electromagnetic elements of the stator and the electromagnetic elements of the rotor having a magnetic attraction between each other; and
wherein the rotor further comprises a plurality of posts in which the electromagnetic elements of the rotor are placed between the plurality of posts, and the rotor further comprising a plurality of inner flux restrictors lying radially inward from the plurality of posts and radially outward from the inner thrust bearing, and in which the plurality of inner flux restrictors further comprises a plurality of holes within the rigid element.

US Pat. No. 10,461,589

MAGNETIC-PLATE LAMINATED BODY AND MOTOR

TOHOKU MAGNET INSTITUTE C...

1. A magnetic-plate laminated body comprising:a laminated part made up of a plurality of laminated soft magnetic ribbons;
first and second metal plates that sandwich the laminated part from upper and lower surfaces in a lamination direction of the laminated part; and
a fastening mechanism that penetrates the first and second metal plates and the laminated part and fastens the laminated part to the first and second metal plates,
wherein the soft magnetic ribbons have surfaces with wrinkles such that adjacent pairs of the soft magnetic ribbons locally contact each other and have clearances between the wrinkles where the soft magnetic ribbons contact each other.

US Pat. No. 10,461,583

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR WIRELESS CHARGING IN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:wireless power antenna circuitry;
a power supply configured to supply direct current (DC) power;
a conversion circuit;
a communication unit; and
a controller configured to:
receive, through the communication unit, a signal from an external electronic device;
identify a wireless power scheme based on a type of the received signal, the wireless power scheme comprising one from among a first wireless power scheme and a second wireless power scheme;
select one from among a transmission mode and a reception mode based on the received signal; and
identify a wireless power frequency corresponding to the wireless power scheme,
wherein the wireless power antenna circuitry comprises:
first wireless power antenna circuitry corresponding to the first wireless power scheme and connected to the conversion circuit, and
second wireless power antenna circuitry corresponding to the second wireless power scheme and connected to the conversion circuit,
wherein the first wireless power antenna circuitry is electrically connected in parallel to the second wireless power antenna circuitry, and
wherein the controller, in response to the transmission mode being selected, is further configured to:
control the conversion circuit to convert the DC power to alternating current (AC) power using the wireless power frequency, and
transmit, through the wireless power antenna circuitry, the AC power to the external electronic device,
wherein the first wireless power antenna circuitry is electrically connected between a first connection point and a second connection point of the conversion circuit, and
the second wireless power antenna circuitry is electrically connected to the first connection point via a first capacitor and to the second connection point via a second capacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,461,582

SYSTEMS, APPARATUS, AND METHODS FOR WIRELESS POWER RECEIVER COIL CONFIGURATION

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An apparatus for wirelessly receiving power, the apparatus comprising:a coil circuit configured to generate a current in response to a magnetic field generated by a transmitter, the coil circuit comprising a conductive material having at least three loop portions, including a first loop portion, a second loop portion enclosing a first area, and a third loop portion enclosing a second area that is non-overlapping with the first area, the second and third loop portions fully enclosed by the first loop portion, the first loop portion, the second loop portion, and the third loop portion physically connected to create a single winding of the conductive material, the second loop portion and the third loop portion having a third area therebetween, the second loop portion having a first portion adjacent to a first portion of the first loop portion, and the third loop portion having a first portion adjacent to a second portion of the first loop portion and a second portion adjacent to a second portion of the second loop portion, wherein the generated current flows through the first portion of the first loop portion and the first portion of the second loop portion in a first direction and flows through the second portion of the first loop portion and the first portion of the third loop portion in a second direction, and wherein the generated current flows through the second portion of the second loop portion and the second portion of the third loop portion in opposite directions to create a field cancelling effect in the third area; and
a receive circuit including a rectifier circuit, the receive circuit being electrically and conductively coupled to the first loop portion, wherein the receive circuit is configured to generate an output for at least one of powering or charging a load based at least in part on the generated current.

US Pat. No. 10,461,572

TRANSFORMER COUPLED CURRENT CAPPING POWER SUPPLY TOPOLOGY

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A load transfer system for switching a load in a transformer having a first input winding corresponding to a primary side and a second input winding corresponding a secondary side, the load transfer system comprising:a first source of power selectively supplied to the first input winding through activation of a first duty cycle associated with a first switch coupled to the first input winding;
a second source of power selectively supplied to the second input winding through activation of a second duty cycle associated with a second switch coupled to the second input winding; and
a controller configured to:
monitor an input voltage (Vin) supplied to the first input winding that is inductively transferring power to the output winding,
determine Vin is below a threshold input voltage,
incident to said determination, adjust the second duty cycle associated with the second switch to supply the second source of power to the second input winding to inductively transfer additional power from the second input winding with the inductively transferred power from the first input winding to the output winding, and
increase the first duty cycle associated with the first switch by a step rate based on the additional supply of the second source of power to the second input winding.

US Pat. No. 10,461,565

DEFORMABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND WIRELESS CHARGING SYSTEM

Lenovo (Beijing) Limited,...

1. An electronic device comprising:a body;
a plurality of electronic components disposed within the body, wherein the plurality of electronic components comprise a battery;
a first portion extending from the body;
a second portion extending from the body;
a shielding layer covering the plurality of electronic components disposed within the body; and
a charging coil disposed within the body, the first portion, and the second portion that charges the battery, wherein the charging coil is positioned at an inner peripheral edge of the first portion and the second portion;
wherein a conductive line of the charging coil has a deformable helical shape and surrounds the inner peripheral edge of the first portion and the second portion, the conductive line being formed from a plurality of parallel, butt-jointed terminals located inside the conductive line.

US Pat. No. 10,461,563

SCREEN AND DEVICE COMPRISING THE SCREEN

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A screen comprising:an induction current generation circuit configured to generate an induction current, the induction current generation circuit including a plurality of metal wires arranged in parallel, and the plurality of metal wires comprising touch signal lines;
an induction current transmission circuit connected to the induction current generation circuit and configured to transmit the induction current; and
a control circuit connected to the induction current transmission circuit and configured to control the transmission of the induction current.

US Pat. No. 10,461,559

CHARGING CONTROL FOR SUPERCAPACITOR(S)

PRC TECH, LLC, Loudonvil...

6. A system for charging a supercapacitor, the system comprising:a power source to supply a constant charge to the supercapacitor; and
a controller to initiate and control charging of the supercapacitor using the constant charge, the controller:
initially measuring supercapacitor terminal voltage (V1);
dynamically determining, based on the initiating charging, an overcharge voltage value at which to terminate supercapacitor charging by the constant charge to substantially fully charge the supercapacitor, the dynamically determined overcharge voltage value being greater than a rated supercapacitor full voltage value (Vfull) of the supercapacitor, and relating, at least in part, to internal resistance of the supercapacitor during the charging by the constant charge, the dynamically determining comprising:
measuring supercapacitor terminal voltage (V2) during the constant charging of the supercapacitor;
determining the internal resistance of the supercapacitor during the charging by the constant charge using the supercapacitor terminal voltage (V1) and the supercapacitor terminal voltage (V2), and a determined charging current; and
using the determined internal resistance of the supercapacitor during the charging by the constant charge to determine the overcharge voltage value; and
continuing with applying the constant charging to the supercapacitor until the dynamically determined overcharge voltage value is reached at the supercapacitor, and based on reaching the dynamically determined overcharge voltage value at the supercapacitor, terminating the charging of the supercapacitor.

US Pat. No. 10,461,558

SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT, OPERATING METHOD THEREOF, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A semiconductor integrated circuit comprising:a recharge switch connected to a battery through an intermediate node, the recharge switch configured selectively form a current path to wirely charge the battery, if the semiconductor integrated circuit is operating in a wired charging mode; and
a Wireless Recharge/Magnetic Secure Transmission (MST) device between the intermediate node and a ground, the Wireless Recharge/MST device including at least a plurality of switches configured to,
disconnect the intermediate node and the ground, if the semiconductor integrated circuit is operating in the wired charging mode,
provide a wireless charging current to the battery through the intermediate node, if the semiconductor integrated circuit is operating in a wireless charging mode, and
receive a current from the battery through the intermediate node, if the semiconductor integrated circuit is operating in a magnetic secure transmission (MST) mode, the Wireless Recharge/MST device configured to generate a magnetic signal based on the current received from the battery.

US Pat. No. 10,461,553

POWER SOURCE DEVICE

HITACHI AUTOMOTIVE SYSTEM...

1. A power source device, comprising:an insulated AC-DC converter configured to receive an AC voltage and output a DC link voltage to a bidirectional DC-DC converter; and
the bidirectional DC-DC converter, which is configured to:
receive the link voltage from a first direction, and use the link voltage to charge a battery;
receive power from the battery; and
selectively output the link voltage in a second direction opposite to the first direction,
wherein the bidirectional DC-DC converter is configured to output the link voltage having a constant first value when a voltage of the battery is at or below a threshold, and to output the link voltage having a second value higher than the first value when a voltage of the battery is above the threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,461,548

VEHICLE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A vehicle comprising:a power receiving device configured to receive power from a power transmission device in a non-contact manner in a state of facing the power transmission device;
a housing configured to store a power reception port to which an external power system is connected via a connecting tool, the housing including:
an opening allowing access to the power reception port therethrough;
a lid member covering the opening to be openable and closable; and
a locking mechanism configured to lock the lid member in a state of closing the opening; and
a controller configured to control whether access to the power reception port is permitted, and configured to drive the locking mechanism when the power receiving device starts receiving power such that the lid member is locked not to be opened.

US Pat. No. 10,461,539

CONTROLLING VOLTAGE IN ELECTRICAL POWER DISTRIBUTION GRID

Vollspark Ltd., Tel Aviv...

1. A system for controlling grid voltage in a power grid, the system comprising:a power line with input leads and output leads, wherein the power line carries alternating current (AC) electrical power between the input and output leads;
a first auxiliary AC/AC power converter with first input conductors and first output conductors, wherein the first auxiliary AC/AC power converter is configured to convert input AC electrical power at the first input conductors to output AC electrical power at the first output conductors, wherein the first auxiliary AC/AC power converter is configured to convert less electrical power than the AC electrical power carried by the power line;
a second auxiliary AC/AC power converter with second input conductors and second output conductors, wherein the second auxiliary AC/AC power converter is configured to convert input AC electrical power at the second input conductors to output AC electrical power at the second output conductors, wherein the second auxiliary AC/AC power converter is configured to convert less electrical power than the AC electrical power carried by the power line;
wherein the first input conductors and the second input conductors respectively of the first and second auxiliary AC/AC power converters are parallel-connected to the input leads of the power line;
wherein the output leads of the power line are series-connected to the output conductors of the first and second auxiliary AC/AC power converters;
wherein the output alternating voltages of the first and second input auxiliary AC/AC power converters add to the output alternating voltage of the power line to control the grid voltage in the power grid.

US Pat. No. 10,461,532

SUPPLYING AN ELECTRICAL LOAD WITH ELECTRICAL ENERGY FROM A VOLTAGE SOURCE

OSRAM GMBH, Munich (DE)

1. A circuit assembly for supplying an electrical load with electrical energy from a voltage source, the circuit assembly comprising:an input terminal for connecting to the voltage source,
an output terminal for connecting to the load,
an electrical charge storage for storing electrical charge,
a constant current circuit electrically coupled to the input terminal and the charge storage for supplying the charge storage with a presettable electrical current,
a linear regulator circuit electrically coupled to the charge storage and the output terminal for providing a regulated electrical potential at the output terminal,
a bypass circuit controllable by operation of a control signal, which is electrically coupled to the input terminal and the charge storage in parallel with the constant current circuit, for supplying the charge storage with an electrical bypass current, and
a control unit for providing the control signal,
wherein the control unit is formed to capture an electrical charge storage voltage at the charge storage and to provide the control signal depending on the captured charge storage voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,461,531

ADAPTABLE RECHARGING AND LIGHTING STATION AND METHODS OF USING THE SAME

ELEVATE TECHNOLOGIES CORP...

1. A method of controlling battery output and charging, comprising:a. configuring a plurality of batteries installed in a battery receiver of an electronic system in multiple electrical arrangements;
b. measuring the voltage produced by said plurality of batteries in each of said multiple electrical arrangements;
c. identifying the battery chemistry of said plurality of batteries based on the voltage measurements taken in said multiple electrical arrangements;
d. selecting a charge algorithm from a plurality of charge algorithms for charging said plurality of batteries based on said battery chemistry of said plurality of batteries, wherein said electronic system includes a processing unit having an internal memory in which said plurality of charge algorithms are recorded; and
e. charging said plurality of batteries according to said charge algorithm.

US Pat. No. 10,461,527

BATTERY POWER LIMITING CIRCUIT AND METHOD

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. A battery protection circuit comprising:a first current limiting switch provided in a current path of a battery and coupled to a first current limiting controller to limit a current output by the battery;
a second current limiting switch provided on the current path in series with the first current limiting switch and coupled to a second current limiting controller to limit the current output by the battery;
a voltage divider connected across the first current limiting switch and the second current limiting switch and including:
a first resistor and a second resistor connected in series, and
a control output provided between the first resistor and the second resistor and coupled to the first current limiting switch, the control output configured to provide a control signal that opens the first current limiting switch when a voltage across the first current limiting switch and the second current limiting switch exceeds a predetermined threshold; and
a second voltage divider connected across the first current limiting switch and the second current limiting switch and including:
a third resistor and a fourth resistor connected in series, and
a second control output provided between the third resistor and the fourth resistor and coupled to the second current limiting switch, the second control output configured to provide a second control signal that opens the second current limiting switch when the voltage across the first current limiting switch and the second current limiting switch exceeds the predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,461,519

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING AND IDENTIFYING ARCING

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

1. A system for detecting and identifying arcing comprising:a current transformer converting a current from a load to a proportional voltage;
a first analog-to-digital current converter converting the current to a digitized current at a sample frequency;
a second analog-to-digital voltage converter converting the proportional voltage to a digitized voltage at the sample frequency;
a logic circuitry including non-transitory computer-readable medium storing computer readable instructions and one or more processors coupled to said non-transitory computer readable medium, and when executing said computer readable instructions said logic circuitry:
determines a waveform of a cycle of a primary load current based on the digitized current; and
determines at least one noise signal according to the determined waveform of the cycle of the primary load current and the digitized current; and
a comparator circuit setting a time window within a cycle of the digitized voltage by setting a start time and a stop time of a time interval based on voltage amplitude at the start time and the stop time being within a predetermined value of the peak voltage of the waveform of the cycle of the digitized voltage;
wherein the logic circuitry when executing said computer readable instructions:
determines a probability density of the at least one noise signal according to the time window set by the comparator circuit;
compares the probability density of the at least one noise signal with at least one model probability density stored on the non-transitory computer readable medium; and
generates an output indicative of a positive arc detection based on the comparing when the time window is set based on values of the digitized voltage indicative of the arc.

US Pat. No. 10,461,517

PROTECTIVE HOUSING FOR AN ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION AND ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION INCLUDING SUCH A HOUSING

SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUST...

1. An electrically insulating protection box for an electric installation comprising at least one electric busbar, the protection box including at least two casings wherein each casing includes inside surfaces intended to surround at least a part of the busbar at a junction zone, at least 50% of the area of said inside surfaces being a contact surface in direct contact with an electrically conducting element of the junction zone, said protection box being manufactured with an additive manufacturing process, wherein the junction zone includes a fastener element for securing said busbar to an electrically conducting element in the junction zone, and wherein the contact surface includes a hollowed portion that delimits a housing for accommodating a head of the fastener element, and wherein the fastener element comprises a screw.

US Pat. No. 10,461,508

PROTECTIVE SLEEVE FOR A CORONA IGNITOR IN A SPARK PLUG SHAFT OF AN ENGINE

BORGWARNER LUDWIGSBURG GM...

1. A protective sleeve for protecting a corona igniter that has threads that secure the igniter in a spark plug shaft of an internal combustion engine, the protective sleeve comprising:a collar configured to be seated on a rim of a spark plug shaft opening, wherein the collar carries a seal for sealing an annular gap between the protective sleeve and the corona igniter; and
a tubular section configured for insertion into the spark plug shaft and for receiving the corona igniter.

US Pat. No. 10,461,493

WAVELENGTH LOCKER USING MULTIPLE FEEDBACK CURVES TO WAVELENGTH LOCK A BEAM

Lumentum Operations LLC, ...

1. A device, comprising:a laser emitter to generate a laser beam to be wavelength locked to a target frequency based on an emission frequency to be measured by the device;
a first photodetector to generate a first current based on a first optical power of the laser beam,
the laser beam to be wavelength locked based on the first current;
a beam splitter to split a portion of the laser beam into a first beam and a second beam;
a patterned etalon to filter the first beam and the second beam,
the patterned etalon to have different optical path lengths for the first beam and the second beam,
the patterned etalon including a surface, located only on a single side of the patterned etalon, in an optical path of the first beam and not the second beam,
the first beam to be filtered by the patterned etalon and the surface and the second beam to be filtered by the patterned etalon and not filtered by the surface, and
the patterned etalon to filter the first beam and the second beam to a second optical power and a third optical power, respectively, based on the different optical path lengths; and
second and third photodetectors to generate respective second currents,
a selected current, of the respective second currents, to be used to wavelength lock the laser beam.

US Pat. No. 10,461,492

METHOD FOR SYNTHESIS OF GRAPHENE ALONG WAVEGUIDES IN SITU, PHOTONICS DEVICE INCLUDING GRAPHENE OBTAINED USING THE METHOD

KOREA INSTITUTE OF SCIENC...

1. A method for in situ synthesis of graphene along a lengthwise direction of a waveguide applied to a photonic device, the method comprising:processing an evanescent field of laser propagating in the waveguide to spread outward the waveguide;
depositing a nickel thin film on a surface of the waveguide;
growing graphene between the surface of the waveguide and the nickel thin film by irradiating telecommunication laser to a core of the waveguide; and
removing the nickel thin film from the waveguide,
wherein the method further comprises, when an optical fiber is the waveguide, reducing a thickness of the optical fiber through heating a target part of the optical fiber and pulling two sides to make a tapered optical fiber, to allow for interaction of the evanescent field with the nickel thin film.

US Pat. No. 10,461,487

TERMINAL CRIMPING APPARATUS

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A terminal crimping apparatus comprising:a terminal supply device configured to supply a terminal chain member including a plurality of crimping terminals arranged in parallel extending in a length direction, a joint piece extending in an arrangement direction of the plurality of crimping terminals arranged perpendicular to the length direction, and link portions linking one ends of the crimping terminals and the joint piece;
a first mold including a supporting surface supporting the crimping terminals supplied by the terminal supply device and a first edge portion provided at one end of the supporting surface;
a second mold disposed to face the supporting surface and configured to crimp the crimping terminal onto a wire by sandwiching the crimping terminal and the wire between the second mold and the supporting surface while relatively moving along a height direction with respect to the supporting surface of the first mold; and
a terminal cutting member disposed adjacently to the first mold and including a second edge portion corresponding to the first edge portion, wherein
the terminal cutting member cuts a boundary with the crimping terminal in the link portion using the second edge portion in cooperation with the first edge portion while relatively moving along the height direction with respect to the first mold,
the second mold includes a main body and a pair of wall portions protruding from the main body toward the first mold and facing each other in the arrangement direction of the crimping terminals and configured to come into contact with the crimping terminal to bend the crimping terminal when the second mold relatively moves along the height direction with respect to the supporting surface of the first mold,
the pair of wall portions include proximal end portions provided on a main body side of the main body facing the terminal cutting member and hem portions provided on a distal end side of the main body provided further from the terminal cutting member than the proximal end portions, and
the main body and the proximal end portions protrude further toward the terminal cutting member compared to the first edge portion of the first mold, and the hem portions are positioned closer to the first mold than the first edge portion of the first mold.

US Pat. No. 10,461,480

SHIELD CONNECTOR

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A shield connector, comprising:a braided conductor through which an electric wire is inserted;
a shield shell formed in a tubular shape that has conductivity;
a ring formed in a tubular shape in which a pressing surface that faces the shield shell in an axial direction of the shield shell is formed on an inner surface side over an entire periphery, wherein
the pressing surface is inclined in a direction intersecting with the axial direction on a section in the axial direction,
the ring is fixed to the shield shell while maintaining a state in which the pressing surface presses the braided conductor against the shield shell in the axial direction over the entire periphery,
the shield shell includes a hole part penetrating in a radial direction, and
the ring includes a hooking part that is folded toward a radial direction and fixed to the shield shell when the hooking part being folded is inserted into the hole part.

US Pat. No. 10,461,479

ELECTROMAGNETIC SHIELDING ELASTIC CLIP AND CONNECTOR HOUSING INCLUDING THE SAME

Tyco Electronics (Zhuhai)...

1. An electromagnetic shielding elastic clip, comprising:a first elastic sheet having a base and a first passageway disposed at an end of the first elastic sheet opposite the base of the first elastic sheet; and
a second elastic sheet having a base and a second passageway disposed at an end of the second elastic sheet opposite the base of the second elastic sheet, the base of the first elastic sheet and the base of the second elastic sheet form a U-shaped elastic clip, the second passageway is aligned with the first passageway, a diameter of the first passageway is larger than a diameter of the second passageway and an edge portion of the second passageway is bent onto an edge portion of the first passageway such that the edge portion of the second passageway and the edge portion of the first passageway are riveted to each other at an end of the electromagnetic shielding elastic clip opposite the U-shaped elastic clip.

US Pat. No. 10,461,475

ELECTRICAL RECEPTACLE CONNECTOR WITH GROUNDING PLATES INTERSECTING WITH CONTACT WAFER ASSEMBLY

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical receptacle connector assembly comprising:a main housing defining upper and lower mating ports opposite to each other in a vertical direction, each of said upper and lower mating ports forwardly communicating with an exterior in a front-to-back direction perpendicular to the vertical direction; and
a contact wafer assembly assembled to the main housing and including a plurality of grounding contact wafers and a plurality of signal contact wafer pairs alternately stacked with one another along a transverse direction perpendicular to both said vertical direction and said front-to-back direction, each of said grounding contact wafers including a grounding contact embedded within an insulator and each of said signal contact wafer pair including a plurality of signal contacts embedded within an insulator; wherein
the grounding contact includes a main plate with contacting arms unitarily extending forwardly therefrom, the main plate has at least one ridge extending beyond a periphery of the corresponding insulator, and a spring loaded common ground plate is attached upon the main housing with corresponding springs mechanically and electrically connecting to the ridges of the corresponding grounding contacts, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,461,473

PULL STRIP CABLE MODULE

BizLink International Cor...

1. A pull strip cable module, comprising:a connector;
a U-shaped spring latch fixed on the connector, wherein the U-shaped spring latch comprises:
a U-shaped elastic portion;
a first end portion outwardly extending from one end of the U-shaped elastic portion, wherein the first end portion comprises a sliding opening; and
a second end portion outwardly extending from another end of the U-shaped elastic portion; and
a pull strip, wherein one end of the pull strip is fixed to the second end portion of the U-shaped spring latch, and the pull strip passes through the sliding opening of the first end portion of the U-shaped spring latch.

US Pat. No. 10,461,468

CONNECTOR MOUNTING STRUCTURE AND CONNECTOR MOUNTING METHOD

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A connector mounting structure comprising:a connector unit having a wire harness connecting surface and a device connecting surface disposed on a top surface of the connector unit, the device connecting surface being orthogonal to the wire harness connecting surface, the wire harness connecting surface configured to receive a wire-side connector provided at a terminal end of a wire harness and the device-side connector is coupled to the wire-side connector; and
a bracket having a connector holding portion, the connector holding portion is configured to hold the connector unit so as to be pivotable between a mounting position and a fitting position, wherein in the mounting position, the connector unit is pressed against a bottom surface of the bracket and in the fitting position, the connector unit is spaced apart from the bottom surface of the bracket so as to expose the wire-side harness connector for connection with the wire harness.

US Pat. No. 10,461,465

THIN FILM TYPE MAGNETIC CONNECTOR MODULE

SPS Inc., Daejeon (KR)

1. A magnetic connector module configured to magnetically couple to an electronic device, the magnetic connector module comprising:a thin film board having a plurality of holes formed therethrough;
a wing section configured to accommodate a magnet thereon, wherein the wing section is vertically stacked on the thin film board and laterally extends beyond the thin film board such that the thin film board forms a vertical protrusion on the wing section at a central portion of the wing section;
a first pattern of electrodes formed on the thin film board at a first side of the thin film board and a second pattern of electrodes formed on the thin film board at a second side opposite the first side of the thin film board; and
conductors formed in the plurality of holes electrically connecting the first pattern of electrodes and the second pattern of electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,461,461

MULTI POLE CONNECTOR FOR SECURELY COUPLING TERMINALS AND TARGET TERMINALS

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A connector comprising:a plurality of identically configured module housings extending in a lateral direction and arranged in a longitudinal direction orthogonal to the lateral direction, wherein each module housing has first and second opposite lateral ends, wherein the first lateral ends of the plurality of module housings are planar and wherein the second lateral ends of the plurality of module housings are planar; and
terminals attached to the module housings,
wherein the terminals each include:
a pair of contact parts respectively projecting upward above an upper surface and downward below a lower surface of each of the module housings; and
a first direction conversion mechanism configured to convert at least some of displacement and a force received by the pair of contact parts in an upper-lower direction orthogonal to the lateral direction and the longitudinal direction into displacement and a force in the longitudinal direction, and
wherein the module housings each include a second direction conversion mechanism configured to convert at least some of displacement and a force received from each of the terminals in the longitudinal direction into displacement and a force in the upper-lower direction.

US Pat. No. 10,461,456

CONNECTOR

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A connector, comprising:a housing including a terminal accommodating chamber;
a terminal configured to be accommodated in the terminal accommodating chamber; and
a locking lance flexibly provided in the terminal accommodating chamber, a free end side of the locking lance configured to abut on the terminal when the terminal is inserted into the terminal accommodating chamber, thereby the locking lance being configured to be restored after being bent, thereby the free end side being configured to lock the terminal in the terminal accommodating chamber,
wherein a thickness of the locking lance in a bending direction from the top of the locking lance to the bottom of the locking lance changes gradually so as to be smaller at the free end side thereof than at a base end side thereof,
wherein the thickness of the locking lance in the bending direction continuously becomes smaller from the base end side to the free end side,
wherein the locking lance is formed in an arc shape from the base end side to the free end side with respect to the bending direction of the locking lance,
wherein the free end side of the locking lance is configured to deflect by a deflection margin in the bending direction with respect to the base end side of the locking lance,
wherein the locking lance includes a groove provided in the free end side thereof, the groove being configured to engage with a locking projection of the terminal, and,
wherein the thickness of the locking lance in the bending direction gradually becomes smaller from the base end side to the free end side.

US Pat. No. 10,461,440

ANTENNA-TRANSMITTER ARRAY

University of Zagreb Facu...

1. A self-oscillating radiofrequency transmitter comprising:a negative impedance converter having an input port and an output port;
a first antenna electrically coupled to said input port of said negative impedance converter; and
a second antenna electrically coupled to said output port of said negative impedance converter;
wherein self-oscillation of a signal of arbitrary waveform is generated in the negative impedance converter and the first and second antennas without using any resonant element;
wherein said self-oscillation results in the first antenna emitting electromagnetic radiation of a first polarization and the second antenna emitting electromagnetic radiation of a second polarization, such that a superposition of the emissions from the first and second antennas is emitted at a first frequency by the radiofrequency transmitter; and
wherein no electrical connection is present between either one of the first and second antennas and any radiofrequency source external to the negative impedance converter.

US Pat. No. 10,461,433

METAMATERIALS FOR SURFACES AND WAVEGUIDES

Duke University, Durham,...

6. An apparatus, comprising:a continuous conducting surface having a plurality of openings, each opening complemented by a discrete conducting patch separated from the continuous conducting surface, the plurality of openings and patches providing a spatially-varying effective refractive index;
wherein the continuous conducting surface is a bounding surface of a parallel plate waveguide structure, and the spatially-varying effective refractive index is a spatially-varying effective refractive index for transverse electromagnetic (TEM) waves that propagate within the waveguide structure and parallel to the continuous conducting surface; and
wherein the waveguide structure defines an input port for receiving input electromagnetic energy, and an output port for transmitting output electromagnetic energy.

US Pat. No. 10,461,432

COLLAPSIBLE FEED STRUCTURES FOR REFLECTOR ANTENNAS

Arizona Board of Regents ...

1. A collapsible line feed for a reflector antenna, the line feed comprising:a plurality of metallic disks; and
a flexible monopole passing through the plurality of metallic disks,
wherein the line feed is flexible such that the metallic discs may be stacked for deployment and the flexible monopole may be extended when deployed.

US Pat. No. 10,461,431

ELECTRICALLY TUNABLE MINIATURE ANTENNA

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a radiator including a first radiator and a second radiator;
a first reactive circuit having a first end coupled to the radiator, the first reactive circuit having a predetermined impedance and being configured to adjust an impedance of the radiator to cause the radiator to resonate at a first frequency range;
a tuning adjuster circuit that is connected to the first end of the first reactive circuit, the tuning adjuster having an adjustable impedance and comprising a plurality of second reactive circuits, each second reactive circuit from among the plurality of second reactive circuits having a different selectable predetermined impedance to cause the radiator to resonate at a frequency that is different than the first frequency range based upon which of the plurality of second reactive circuits is selected; and
a pre-matching component configured to match a combined impedance of the first radiator and the second radiator to the first reactive circuit,
wherein the first reactive circuit is coupled to the pre-matching component via a point on a transmission line that has an impedance matching that of the pre-matching component.

US Pat. No. 10,461,428

MULTI-LAYER ANTENNA

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A multi-layer laminate antenna comprising:a feed line configured to convey electricity;
a radiator coupled to the feed line, comprising metal disposed in a first layer of the antenna, and having an edge of a length to radiate energy at a radiating frequency; and
dummy metal disposed in a second layer of the antenna that is different from the first layer of the antenna, the dummy metal configured to radiate an insignificant amount of energy, if any, at the radiating frequency;
wherein a first portion of the dummy metal is at least partially disposed outside an overlapped area of the second layer that is overlapped by the radiator and is configured such that any linear edge of the first portion of the dummy metal disposed outside the overlapped area is less than half of a radiating wavelength corresponding to the radiating frequency, and
wherein the dummy metal is absent from a region of the second layer that overlaps a perimeter of the radiator, the dummy metal being displaced from a first orthogonal projection of a perimeter of the radiator onto the second layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,426

WIRELESS ANTENNA FOR WIRELESS CHARGING AND NFC COMMUNICATION AND WIRELESS TERMINAL TO WHICH SAME IS APPLIED

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A wireless antenna comprising;a wireless communication antenna comprising a first wireless communication coil and a second wireless communication coil; and
a wireless charging antenna comprising a wireless charging coil,
wherein the wireless charging coil is disposed inside the first wireless communication coil, and the second wireless communication coil is disposed inside the wireless charging coil,
wherein the wireless communication antenna further comprises a coil connection member traversing the wireless charging coil so as to interconnect the first wireless communication coil and the second wireless communication coil,
wherein a number of windings of the second wireless communication coil is less than a number of windings of the first wireless communication coil, and
wherein a width of a winding of the second wireless communication coil is less than a width of a winding of the first communication coil.

US Pat. No. 10,461,423

MULTI-FREQUENCY ANTENNA

Unictron Technologies Cor...

1. A multi-frequency antenna comprising:a circuit board, comprising a ground layer, a clearance area and at least one signal feeding terminal;
at least one substrate disposed within said clearance area;
a first resonance unit connected to said signal feeding terminal, wherein part or all of said first resonance unit is disposed on a surface of said substrate or within said substrate;
a first filtering element connected to said first resonance unit; and
a second resonance unit connected to said first filtering element, and thus said first filtering element is disposed between said first resonance unit and said second resonance unit, wherein part or all of said second resonance unit is disposed on said surface of said substrate or within said substrate, wherein said first resonance unit forms a first resonant frequency of said multi-frequency antenna, and said first resonance unit, said first filtering element and said second resonance unit jointly form a second resonant frequency of said multi-frequency antenna, wherein said first filtering element shows a high impedance towards a signal with said first resonant frequency to isolate said first resonant frequency signal from said second resonance unit, wherein said first filtering element shows a low impedance towards a signal with said second resonant frequency, and said second resonant frequency signal is capable of passing through said first filtering element, wherein said second resonant frequency is lower than said first resonant frequency, and said second resonant frequency is independent of said first resonant frequency, wherein there is no any switch between said first resonance unit, said first filtering element, said second resonance unit and said ground layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,421

CELLULAR SYSTEM

1. A system, comprising:a city light or a street light or a device mounted on a pole, the city light or the street light or the device having a housing;
one or more antennas mounted on the housing; and
a processor to control a directionality of the one or more antennas in communication with a predetermined target using 5G protocols, wherein the processor calibrates a connection by analyzing Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) and Transmit Signal Strength Indicator (TSSI) and moves the one or more antennas until one or more predetermined cellular parameters are reached.

US Pat. No. 10,461,420

SWITCHABLE TRANSMIT AND RECEIVE PHASED ARRAY ANTENNA

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

8. A method for fabricating a switchable transmit and receive phased array antenna (“STRPAA”) with either a first elliptical polarization or a second elliptical polarization, wherein the STRPAA is fabricated from components that include a housing, a plurality of radiating elements, a plurality of transmit and receive (“T/R”) modules, a first multilayer printed wiring board (“MLPWB”), and a second MLPWB, wherein the first MLPWB is configured to produce the first elliptical polarization and the second MLPWB is configured to produce the second elliptical polarization, the method including:inserting into the housing either
the first MLPWB to configure the STRPAA to produce the first elliptical polarization or
the second MLPWB to configure the STRPAA to produce the second elliptical polarization;
attaching the plurality of radiating elements either
to a first MLPWB top surface of the first MLPWB if the first MLPWB is inserted in the housing,
wherein the plurality of radiating elements are attached to the first MLPWB top surface at a predetermined azimuth position or
to a second MLPWB top surface of the second MLPWB if the second MLPWB is inserted in the housing
wherein attaching the plurality of radiating elements includes rotating each element of the plurality of radiating elements, by approximately 180 degrees in azimuth, from the predetermined azimuth position, prior to attaching the plurality of radiating elements to the second MLPWB top surface; and
attaching the plurality of T/R modules either to
a first MLPWB bottom surface of the first MLPWB if the first MLPWB is inserted in the housing or to
a second MLPWB bottom surface of the second MLPWB if the second MLPWB is inserted in the housing.

US Pat. No. 10,461,418

PHOTONIC MICROWAVE TIME DELAY APPARATUS AND METHOD THEREOF

National Cheng Kung Unive...

1. A photonic microwave time delay apparatus, comprising:an optical input, wherein the optical input is an optical signal carrying a time-to-be-delayed microwave signal;
an optical output, wherein the optical output is an optical signal carrying a time-delayed microwave signal; and
a photonic microwave time delay module comprising a microwave-time-delay laser to convert the optical input into the optical output, wherein an optical power and a carrier frequency of the optical input are adjusted so as to excite a laser cavity resonance red-shift effect in the microwave-time-delay laser.

US Pat. No. 10,461,407

FLEXIBLE PLANAR ANTENNA FOR WIRELESS DEVICE TESTING

Keysight Technologies, In...

1. A flexible planar antenna device comprising:a planar body comprising a flexible dielectric material that enables the flexible planar antenna device to be flexibly shapeable to a surface of a wireless device under test (DUT);
an antenna element contained within the planar body and for electromagnetically coupling with at least one antenna of the wireless DUT; and
at least one adhesive element that enables the planar body to attach to and conform to the surface of the DUT, wherein the flexible planar antenna device is further configured to include a pull tab loop element that enables removal of the planar body from the surface of the DUT.

US Pat. No. 10,461,399

WAFER LEVEL PACKAGE WITH INTEGRATED OR EMBEDDED ANTENNA

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. Wafer level package with integrated antenna, comprising:a contacting layer;
a redistribution layer with the integrated antenna;
a chip layer comprising at least one chip arranged between the contacting layer and the redistribution layer;
wherein the integrated antenna is laterally arranged in the redistribution layer such that a projection area of the integrated antenna is offset from or partly overlapping with a projection area of the at least one chip;
wherein the contacting layer comprises a reflector and/or the reflector is arranged on a side facing away from the antenna; and
wherein at least one shielding via is laterally arranged between a main radiation surface of the at least one integrated antenna and the at least one chip, wherein the at least one shielding via is configured to establish shielding between the integrated antenna and the at least one chip.

US Pat. No. 10,461,398

ACCORDION ANTENNA STRUCTURE WITH SIMPLIFIED CONSTRUCTION

Fit Pay, Inc., Carlsbad,...

1. An antenna for generating an electromagnetic field, the antenna comprising:a substrate;
a contiguous core disposed on the substrate; the core comprising a first core mounted on a first surface of the substrate and a second core mounted on a second surface of the substrate opposite the first surface;
a continuous winding comprising turns encircling the core and the substrate, the continuous winding extending in a longitudinal direction with a first gap defined between adjacent turns;
the turns segregated into a plurality of winding segments, each winding segment comprising a plurality of turns; and
a second gap defined between adjacent winding segments, wherein the second gap is larger than the first gap.

US Pat. No. 10,461,394

ANTENNA ENCLOSURE, BRACKETS, AND DAS SYSTEM

BEAM WIRELESS, INC., Gre...

1. A communications device for mounting to an environmental element comprising:an enclosure having walls defining an interior area and an opening, the walls including at least one first wall and at least one second wall;
a cover attachable to the opening so as to close the opening;
mounting structure for mounting the enclosure to the environmental element in a predetermined orientation so that the first wall is oriented in a vertically and the second wall is oriented horizontally;
an antenna bracket having a bracket mounting portion with a flange, a first bend adjacent the bracket mounting portion, a central portion having a first leg, a second leg, and a second bend between the first leg and the second leg, the antenna bracket also having an antenna mounting portion and a third bend between the antenna mounting portion and the second leg, the first leg adjacent the first bend extending substantially perpendicular to the bracket mounting portion, the second leg extending substantially perpendicular to the first leg and substantially parallel to the bracket mounting portion, the antenna bracket being mounted via the bracket mounting portion to at least one of the first wall and the second wall in the interior area, the antenna bracket being a unitary metallic element; and
an antenna mounted to the antenna mounting portion of the antenna bracket, the third bend being configured so that the antenna mounting portion and the second leg are substantially non-perpendicular and so that when the enclosure is mounted in the predetermined orientation a ground plane of the antenna extends along a non-horizontal plane, the third bend including a surface irregularity in the form of at least one opening extending through the antenna bracket along the third bend to weaken the antenna bracket along the third bend for preferential bending along the third bend rather than along the first bend or the second bend for selective adjustment of an orientation of the antenna mounting portion and the ground plane.

US Pat. No. 10,461,393

BIDIRECTIONAL COUPLER, MONITOR CIRCUIT, AND FRONT-END CIRCUIT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A bidirectional coupler comprising:a multilayer substrate; and
a first main line, a second main line, and a sub line, wherein the first main line, the second main line, and the sub line are provided in or on the multilayer substrate,
wherein the sub line includes a first line portion being a portion electromagnetically coupled with the first main line and an even number of second line portions being portions electromagnetically coupled with the second main line, one half of the even number of second line portions are provided between the first line portion and one end portion of the sub line, and another half of the even number of second line portions are provided between the first line portion and another end portion of the sub line.

US Pat. No. 10,461,392

BIDIRECTIONAL COUPLER, MONITOR CIRCUIT, AND FRONT END CIRCUIT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A bidirectional coupler comprising:a multilayer board; and
a first main line, a second main line, a third main line, and a sub line that are provided in or on the multilayer board, wherein:
the sub line comprises:
a first line portion that is electromagnetically coupled to the first main line,
an even number of second line portions that are electromagnetically coupled to the second main line, and
an even number of third line portions that are electromagnetically coupled to the third main line,
a first half of the even number of second line portions are provided between the first line portion and a first end of the sub line, and a second half of the even number of second line portions are provided between the first line portion and a second end of the sub line,
a first half of the even number of third line portions are provided between the first half of the second line portions and the first end of the sub line, and a second half of the even number of third line portions are provided between the second half of the second line portions and the second end of the sub line.

US Pat. No. 10,461,391

EXPANDED WAVEGUIDE INCLUDING MULTILATERAL PILLARS FORMING MULTIPLE CHANNELS THEREIN

KOREA UNIVERSITY RESEARCH...

1. An expanded waveguide expanded in a direction of an E-plane to provide uniform electromagnetic field comprising:an expanded area expanded in the direction of the E-plane;
an input transition area and an output transition area connected to both sides of the expanded area and configured to pass an electromagnetic wave; and
entrance parts formed respectively to an end part of the input transition area and an end part of the output transition area, the electromagnetic wave being inputted and outputted through the respective entrance parts,
wherein a plurality of multilateral pillars are arranged in constant space in the transition areas, and a channel is divided along between the multilateral pillars to form a plurality of paths in a tree shape,
wherein the division of the plurality of paths begins from a path at a first entrance part, among the entrance parts, formed to the end part of the input transition area,
wherein each of the plurality of paths from an inlet of the channel corresponding to the first entrance part to an outlet of the divided channel corresponding to the expanded area has the same length,
wherein each of the plurality of multilateral pillars is a rectangular pillar having a cross section of rhombus shape, and
wherein the plurality of multilateral pillars is arranged in different size so that the divided channel forms the tree shape in the input transition area.

US Pat. No. 10,461,389

CONVERTER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. A converter comprising:a first dielectric substrate;
a second dielectric substrate provided above the first dielectric substrate through a first adhesive layer;
a first signal line provided between the first dielectric substrate and the second dielectric substrate;
a first via that penetrates the first dielectric substrate and is coupled to the first signal line on an upper side of the first via;
a first conductor plate provided at least one of below the first dielectric substrate and above the second dielectric substrate;
a plurality of second vias that penetrate the first dielectric substrate and are provided around the first via;
a plurality of third vias that penetrate the second dielectric substrate and are provided at positions corresponding to the plurality of second vias; and
the plurality of second vias and the plurality of third vias being mutually separated.

US Pat. No. 10,461,384

FREQUENCY SELECTIVE LIMITER

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A frequency selective limiter comprising:a magnetic material having first and second opposing surfaces; and
a plurality of conductors disposed on the first surface of the magnetic material to form a coplanar waveguide transmission line, wherein a first one of said plurality of conductors corresponding to a first signal conductor having a width which decreases from a first end of the coplanar waveguide transmission line to a second, different end of the coplanar waveguide transmission line.

US Pat. No. 10,461,378

METHOD FOR PRODUCING LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A method for producing a lithium ion secondary battery comprising a solid solution positive electrode active material represented by the following composition formula:Li(2-0.5x)Mn1-xM1.5xO3 wherein x satisfies 0 the method comprising:
repeatedly charging and discharging the lithium ion secondary battery in charging cycles and discharging cycles, respectively,
the discharging of the lithium ion secondary battery being carried out at a lower current density than a current density during the charging of the lithium ion secondary battery, during each of the charging and discharging cycles until the lithium ion secondary battery has been activated, and
a lower limit value of a battery voltage during each of the discharging cycles of the lithium ion secondary battery being set to a value of 2.0 V to 3.0 V.

US Pat. No. 10,461,377

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING CHARGE CAPACITY OF UPS BATTERY

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method of controlling a battery charging capacity of a battery for uninterruptible power supply according to a temperature, the method comprising:a current temperature detection operation of measuring a current temperature;
an optimal charging capacity detection operation of detecting an optimal charging capacity of the battery corresponding to each temperature;
a current charging capacity detection operation of detecting a current charging capacity of the battery;
a charging capacity comparison operation of comparing the optimal charging capacity with the current charging capacity;
a determination operation of determining a charging and discharging of the battery according to a result of the charging capacity comparison operation; and
a progress operation of charging and discharging the battery according to a result of the determination operation to adjust the charging capacity so that a linear temperature-voltage relationship is set.

US Pat. No. 10,461,376

BUS-BAR ASSEMBLY, POWER BATTERY OVER-LOAD PROTECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD, AND POWER BATTERY ASSEMBLY

NIO NEXTEV LIMITED, Hong...

1. A bus-bar assembly for the power battery of a vehicle, comprising:a first connection arm having one or more connection ends to be connected to an upstream battery cell;
a second connection arm having one or more connection ends to be connected to a downstream battery cell;
a PTC unit connected between the first connection arm and the second connection arm; and
wherein the first connection arm and/or the second connection arm has a constricted portion near the position where the first connection arm and/or the second connection arm is connected to the PTC unit.

US Pat. No. 10,461,373

ADDING DRY METAL OXIDE FOR METAL NITRIDE PARTICLES TO IMPROVE BATTERY CYCLE LIFE AND POWER PERFORMANCE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An assembled electrochemical cell comprising an anode comprising micrometer-size or sub-micrometer size particles of an anode material for cyclically intercalating and de-intercalating lithium ions or sodium ions, a cathode comprising micrometer-size or sub-micrometer size particles of a cathode material for intercalating and de-intercalating the ions utilized in the anode, and a non-aqueous electrolyte composed for transporting ions between the anode and cathode,the electrochemical cell further being characterized by the presence of nanometer-size particles of a basic metal nitride which are mixed with the particles of electrode material for at least one of the anode and cathode, the resulting mixture or mixtures constituting particles of electrode material utilized in the electrochemical cell, the composition and amount of the metal nitride being determined for chemically neutralizing acidic contaminants formed in the operation of the electrochemical cell and for adsorbing incidental water.

US Pat. No. 10,461,365

CONDUCTIVE MATERIAL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD AND PURIFICATION METHOD FOR SAME, AND NON AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SOLUTION AND ANTISTATIC AGENT USING SAID CONDUCTIVE MATERIAL

NIPPON SHOKUBAI CO., LTD....

1. A method for producing a conductive material, wherein the conductive material comprises a fluorosulfonylimide salt represented bythe following formula (1)

wherein X is F or a C1-C6 fluoroalkyl group, and at least one organic solvent selected from the group consisting of a carbonate solvent, an ester solvent, a ketone solvent and an alcohol solvent, and
wherein the conductive material has an ion conductivity, comprising the step of filtering a solution comprising the fluorosulfonylimide salt by using a filter medium comprising at least one material selected from the group consisting of a cellulose resin, a polyester resin, a silicon dioxide material and activated carbon,
wherein the conductive material is characterized in that it is filtered using a filter medium having a retained particle diameter of 0.05 ?m or more or 200 ?m or less and, after filtration, the turbidity is 50 NFU/mol-LiFSI or less when measured at 25° C. by a scattering light measuring method using a formazan standard solution.

US Pat. No. 10,461,357

MATERIALS EXCHANGING DEVICE OF WINDING EQUIPMENT FOR A BATTERY AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A BATTERY USING THE MATERIALS EXCHANGING DEVICE

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A materials exchanging device of winding equipment for a battery, the materials exchanging device comprising:a supply material unit to couple to a supply material roll and supplying materials to a winding member; and
a standby material unit to couple to a standby material roll and hinged to the supply material unit,
wherein an angle of the standby material roll with respect to the supply material unit varies based on hinge-rotation of the standby material unit to have the standby material roll face a supply rotation shaft of the supply material roll.

US Pat. No. 10,461,355

ASSEMBLY DEVICE FOR BATTERY COMPONENT

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An assembly device for a battery component, comprising:a chuck configured to grip a battery housing, at least one exhaust passage being inside the chuck, at least one dust-collecting port to which the at least one exhaust passage opens being in an outer peripheral surface of the chuck; and
a suction machine that is connected to the at least one exhaust passage.

US Pat. No. 10,461,354

FUEL CELL SYSTEM

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:a fuel cell stack in which a plurality of power generation cells are stacked, each of the power generation cells generating electricity by causing electrochemical reactions between a fuel gas and an oxidant gas; and
a stack case in which the fuel cell stack is accommodated,
wherein the stack case includes
a pair of end plates that are disposed at both ends of the fuel cell stack in a stacking direction in which the power generation cells are stacked,
a pair of side plates that are disposed along side surfaces of fuel cell stack,
an upper plate that is disposed above the fuel cell stack, and
a lower plate that is disposed below the fuel cell stack,
wherein a loop-shaped upper sealing member is disposed between the upper plate and the pair of end plates and between the upper plate and the pair of side plates,
wherein a loop-shaped lower sealing member is disposed between the lower plate and the pair of end plates and between the lower plate and the pair of side plates,
wherein at least one of the upper sealing member or the lower sealing member includes rectangularly oriented sides and at least one corner having an extension portion for length adjustment, the extension portion extends outwardly from an outer perimeter of adjacent sides of the rectangularly oriented sides, and
wherein the at least one of the upper sealing member or the lower sealing member has a constant cross-sectional shape from a first adjacent side of the adjacent sides through the extension portion to a second adjacent side of the adjacent sides.

US Pat. No. 10,461,350

ELECTROCHEMICAL REACTION CELL ENHANCING REDUCTION REACTION

Korea Institute of Scienc...

1. An electrochemical reaction cell enhancing a reduction reaction, comprising:a membrane electrode assembly including an electrolytic membrane, a cathode formed by sequentially stacking a first gas diffusion layer and a first catalyst layer on a first surface of the electrolytic membrane, and an anode formed by sequentially stacking a second catalyst layer and a second gas diffusion layer on a second surface of the electrolytic membrane;
a first distribution plate stacked on the first catalyst layer to supply a reaction gas and a cathode electrolytic solution dissolved with the reaction gas to the first catalyst layer along separate channels, so that the cathode electrolytic solution penetrates and diffuses the first catalyst layer and the first gas diffusion layer to encounter the reaction gas at the first catalyst layer which is in contact with the channel to which the reaction gas is supplied to form a three-phase interface; and
a second distribution plate stacked on the second gas diffusion layer to supply an anode electrolytic solution to the second gas diffusion layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,346

FUEL CELL BASED POWER GENERATOR AND FUEL CARTRIDGE

Honeywell International I...

1. A power generator comprising:a power generator cavity adapted to receive a fuel cartridge, the fuel cartridge including a water vapor responsive hydrogen producing fuel, the power generator cavity having an upper surface, a lower surface opposite the upper surface, a first side joining the upper surface and the lower surface, and an open second side opposite the first side, the upper surface including perforations adapted to allow passage of water vapor;
a protrusion disposed within the power generator cavity to engage a check valve of the fuel cartridge;
a fuel cell disposed along the cartridge upper surface to convert hydrogen and oxygen to electricity and to generate water vapor;
a case channel disposed along the lower surface of the power generator cavity, the case channel arranged to transport hydrogen along a lower surface of the power generator cavity to a first side of the power generator cavity;
a hydrogen transport channel disposed along the first side and the upper surface of the power generator cavity to transport hydrogen from the case channel to the fuel cell and to transport water vapor to the power generator cavity;
a first hydrogen impermeable water vapor permeable membrane disposed between the water vapor responsive hydrogen producing fuel and the perforations in the case to direct passage of water vapor from ambient to the power generator cavity; and
a second hydrogen impermeable water vapor permeable membrane disposed along a lower surface of the hydrogen transport channel and along an upper surface of the power generator cavity to direct water vapor generated by the fuel cell to the power generator cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,461,342

EXTERNAL MANIFOLD FOR MINIMIZING EXTERNAL LEAKAGE OF REACTANT FROM CELL STACK

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A fuel cell assembly, comprising:a stack of fuel cell component elements, the stack having a first end, a second end opposite to the first end, a first side extending from the first end to the second end, a second side extending from the first end to the second end, a third side extending from the first end to the second end, and a fourth side extending from the first end to the second end;
a first oxidant manifold coupled to the first side of the stack of fuel cell component elements, the first oxidant manifold including a first inboard side flange and a second inboard side flange that divide the first oxidant manifold between a first oxidant chamber, a first coolant chamber, and a second coolant chamber;
a second oxidant manifold coupled to the second side of the stack of fuel cell component elements;
a first fuel manifold coupled to the third side of the stack of fuel cell component elements; and
a second fuel manifold coupled to the fourth side of the stack of fuel cell component elements,
wherein ends of the first oxidant manifold overlap a first side of the first fuel manifold and a first side of the second fuel manifold, and
wherein the first and second oxidant manifolds and the first and second fuel manifolds are arranged to prevent leakage of fuel and oxidant from the stack and the manifolds to an external environment.

US Pat. No. 10,461,341

FUEL CELL SYSTEM

PANASONIC CORPORATION, O...

1. A fuel cell system comprising:a hydrodesulfurizer configured to remove a sulfur compound from raw material and configured to be heated with heat of exhaust gas flowing in the fuel cell system;
a fuel cell configured to generate power through an electrochemical reaction using fuel and oxidant gas supplied to the fuel cell, the fuel being obtained by reforming the raw material from which the sulfur compound has been removed by the hydrodesulfurizer;
an introduction passage through which the exhaust gas that is to heat the hydrodesulfurizer passes;
an air passage through which the oxidant gas is supplied to a cathode of the fuel cell;
a first heat exchanger configured to preheat, with heat of the exhaust gas passing through the introduction passage, the oxidant gas in the air passage to be supplied to the cathode of the fuel cell;
a second heat exchanger configured to preheat, with heat of exhaust gas passing through a passage other than the introduction passage, the oxidant gas in the air passage to be preheated by the first heat exchanger;
a heating device configured to heat the hydrodesulfurizer with heat of the exhaust gas flowing in the fuel cell system,
wherein the air passage is configured to pass the oxidant gas through the second heat exchanger and the first heat exchanger, and
wherein the hydrodesulfurizer is disposed on the heating device so as to be in surface contact with the heating device.

US Pat. No. 10,461,339

DETERMINATION OF A SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF THE PERMEABILITY OF AN ELECTROCHEMICAL - CELL ELECTRODE

1. A method for producing an electrochemical cell, comprising:providing a reference electrochemical cell including two electrodes separated from each other by an electrolyte and placed between two bipolar plates configured to supply reactive species to the two electrodes and to remove heat produced by the reference electrochemical cell in operation, and having a spatial distribution of local temperature values within the reference electrochemical cell in operation such that at least one local temperature value is greater than or equal to a preset maximum local temperature value,
at least one electrode of the two electrodes including a diffusion layer configured to ensure diffusion of the supplied reactive species as far as the electrolyte, and
the diffusion layer having a parameter of interest (k) representative of a permeability of the diffusion layer, the parameter of interest (k) being spatially distributed with an initial distribution (kx,yi);
determining a spatial distribution (kx,yf) of the parameter of interest (k) for the reference electrochemical cell in operation by:
defining a spatial distribution (Tx,yc) of a set-point temperature (Tc) within the reference electrochemical cell in operation, the spatial distribution (Tx,yc) being such that the local temperature values are lower than the preset maximum local temperature value,
measuring a spatial distribution (Dx,yr) of a first thermal quantity (Dr) representative of local removal of heat within the reference electrochemical cell in operation,
estimating a spatial distribution (Qx,ye) of a second thermal quantity (Qe) representative of local production of heat within the reference electrochemical cell in operation, the estimating depending on the defined spatial distribution (Tx,yc) of the set-point temperature (Tc) and on the measured spatial distribution (Dx,yr) of the first thermal quantity (Dr), such that an effective temperature of the reference electrochemical cell in operation is substantially equal to the defined spatial distribution (Tx,yc) of the set-point temperature (Tc), and
determining the spatial distribution (kx,yf) of the parameter of interest (k) for the reference electrochemical cell in operation, depending on the estimated spatial distribution (Qx,ye) of the second thermal quantity (Qe); and
producing the electrochemical cell, based on the reference electrochemical cell and in which the parameter of interest (k) has the determined spatial distribution (kx,yf).

US Pat. No. 10,461,338

ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SHINKO ELECTRIC INDUSTRIE...

1. An electronic device comprising:a casing;
a through hole which penetrates a bottom plate of the casing;
a pin which is inserted into the through hole;
a battery which is mounted on the pin inside the casing, wherein the battery comprises a first lead terminal connected to an upper face of the battery, and a second lead terminal connected to a lower face of the battery;
a first wiring layer which is disposed inside the casing and connected to the first lead terminal;
a pressure sensitive adhesive sheet which is fixed to the pin and temporarily bonded to an outer face of the bottom plate; and
a second wiring layer which is disposed inside the casing so as to overlap with the second lead terminal in planar view,
wherein an upper face of the pin is set to be higher in height than an upper face of the second wiring layer, and
the pin separates the second lead terminal and the second wiring layer from each other such that the second lead terminal and the second wiring layer are electrically insulated from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,461,337

OXIDE ALL-SOLID-STATE BATTERY

JAPAN ADVANCED INSTITUTE ...

1. An oxide all-solid-state battery comprising a cathode active material layer, an anode active material layer mainly comprising silicon, and a solid electrolyte layer disposed between the cathode active material layer and the anode active material layer,wherein the solid electrolyte layer is a layer mainly comprising a garnet-type oxide solid electrolyte sintered body represented by the following formula (1):
(Lix-3y-z, Ey, Hz)L?M?O?  Formula (1)where E is at least one kind of element selected from the group consisting of Al and Ga; L is at least one kind of element selected from the group consisting of an alkaline-earth metal element and a lanthanoid element; M is at least one kind of element selected from a transition element that can be six-coordinated with oxygen and typical elements in the Groups 12 to 15; x, y and z are real numbers that satisfy 5?x-3y-z?7, 0?y<0.22 and 0?z<2.0, respectively; and ?, ? and ? are real numbers that satisfy 2.5???3.5, 1.5???2.5 and 11???13, respectively;wherein a solid electrolyte interface layer is disposed between the anode active material layer and the solid electrolyte layer;
wherein the solid electrolyte interface layer comprises at least a Si element and an O element; and
wherein a laminate comprising at least the anode active material layer, the solid electrolyte interface layer and the solid electrolyte layer has peaks at positions where 2?=32.3°±0.5°, 37.6°±0.5°, 43.8°±0.5°, and 57.7°±0.5° in a XRD spectrum obtained by XRD measurement using CuK? irradiation.

US Pat. No. 10,461,332

GRAPHENE AND POWER STORAGE DEVICE, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

6. A power storage device comprising:an electrolyte comprising lithium salt; and
an electrode comprising:
a current collector; and
an active material layer over the current collector, the active material layer comprising:
a particle of an active material; and
a graphene comprising hydrogen atoms, carbon atoms and oxygen atoms,
wherein the graphene is a one-atom-thick sheet or a stack of 2 to 100 layers of the sheet,
wherein the graphene has a two-dimensional structure and has a sheet-like shape,
wherein a proportion of the carbon atoms measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is higher than or equal to 80% and lower than 90%,
wherein a proportion of the oxygen atoms measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is higher than or equal to 10% and lower than 20%,
wherein a sum of the proportion of the carbon atoms and the proportion of the oxygen atoms is lower than 100%,
wherein, in bonds of the carbon atoms, a proportion of sp2-bonded carbon atoms among the carbon atoms measured by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is higher than or equal to 50% and lower than or equal to 80%, and
wherein the graphene and the particle of the active material are randomly dispersed in the active material layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,330

POSITIVE-ELECTRODE ACTIVE MATERIAL FOR SECONDARY CELL, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

TAIHEIYO CEMENT CORPORATI...

1. A positive-electrode active material for a secondary cell, comprising a compound particle represented by the following formula (A):LiFeaMnbM1cPO4  (A)
wherein in formula (A), M1 represents Mg, Ca, Sr, Y, Zr, Mo, Ba, Pb, Bi, La, Ce, Nd or Gd; and a, b and c represent numbers satisfying 0.01?a?0.99, 0.01?v?0.99, and 0?c?0.3, a and b are not simultaneously 0, and 2a+2b+(valence of M1)×c=2 is satisfied; and
carbon,
wherein the carbon is derived from a cellulose nanofiber and is supported on the compound particle,
wherein an amount of the carbon derived from the cellulose nanofiber and supported on the compound particle is from 0.3 to 6 mass %, and
the positive-electrode active material is a product obtained by pyrolyzing a granule S comprising the compound particle and the cellulose nanofiber and having a particle size (D50value) of 1 to 15 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,461,328

CATHODE ACTIVE MATERIAL USED FOR LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY AND LITHIUM ION SECONDARY BATTERY USING SAME

HITACHI METALS, LTD., To...

1. A cathode active material used for a lithium ion secondary battery, comprising a plurality of secondary particles formed via agglomeration of a plurality of primary particles of a lithium transition metal composite oxide, whereinspreading resistance distributions of the secondary particles observed in cross-sections at three selected positions of the cathode active material are measured, and average values of spreading resistance of the secondary particles observed in the cross sections are calculated;
the calculated three average values of spreading resistance are further averaged; and
when an averaged value thus obtained is defined as a value of spreading resistance of the cathode active material, the averaged value thus defined is 1.0×106 ?/cm or more and 1.0×1010 ?/cm or less.

US Pat. No. 10,461,327

POSITIVE ELECTRODE FOR NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY AND NON-AQUEOUS ELECTROLYTE SECONDARY BATTERY

Samsung SDI Co., Ltd., Y...

1. A positive electrode for a non-aqueous electrolyte secondary battery, the positive electrode comprising:a positive current collector;
a coating layer including graphite, the coating layer coating the positive current collector;
a positive active material having a composition represented by Chemical Formula 1; and
a conductive auxiliary agent having a BET specific surface area of about 39 m2/g to about 215 m2/g,
LixNiyMn2-y-zMzO4  Chemical Formula 1
wherein,
M is at least one metal element selected from a transition metal, aluminum, magnesium, gallium, indium, and lanthanum, the transition metal being a transition metal other than nickel (Ni) or manganese (Mn), and
x, y, and z are within the ranges: 0.02?x?1.10, 0.25?y?0.6, and 0.0?z?0.10.

US Pat. No. 10,461,321

ALKALI METAL-SULFUR SECONDARY BATTERY CONTAINING A PRE-SULFURIZED CATHODE AND PRODUCTION PROCESS

Nanotek Instruments, Inc....

1. An electrochemical method of producing a pre-sulfurized active cathode layer for a rechargeable alkali metal-sulfur cell, said method comprising:(a) preparing an integral layer of a meso-porous structure of a carbon, graphite, metal, or conductive polymer, wherein said meso-porous structure comprises meso-scaled pores of 2-50 nm and a specific surface area greater than 100 m2/g and wherein said carbon, graphite, metal, or conductive polymer is selected from chemically etched or expanded soft carbon, chemically etched or expanded hard carbon, exfoliated activated carbon, chemically etched or expanded carbon black, chemically etched multi-walled carbon nanotube, nitrogen-doped carbon nanotube, boron-doped carbon nanotube, chemically doped carbon nanotube, ion-implanted carbon nanotube, chemically treated multi-walled carbon nanotube with an inter-planar separation no less than 0.4 nm, chemically expanded carbon nanofiber, chemically activated carbon nanotube, chemically activated graphite fiber, chemically activated carbonized polymer fiber, chemically treated coke, activated meso-phase carbon, meso-porous carbon, electro-spun conductive nanofiber, highly separated vapor-grown carbon or graphite nanofiber, highly separated carbon nanotube, carbon nanowire, metal nanowire, metal-coated nanowire or nanofiber, conductive polymer-coated nanowire or nanofiber, or a combination thereof, and wherein said meso-porous structure comprises 0-49% by weight of sulfur or sulfur-containing compound pre-loaded therein and an optional binder material of 0-10% by weight;
(b) preparing an electrolyte comprising a non-aqueous solvent and a sulfur source dissolved or dispersed in said solvent;
(c) preparing an anode;
(d) bringing said integral layer of meso-porous structure and said anode in ionic contact with said electrolyte and imposing an electric current between said anode and said integral layer of meso-porous structure, serving as a cathode, with a sufficient current density for a sufficient period of time to electrochemically deposit nano-scaled sulfur particles or coating in said meso-pores to form said pre-sulfurized active cathode layer, wherein said particles or coating have a thickness or diameter smaller than 3 nm and occupy a weight fraction of greater than 80% based on the total weights of said sulfur particles or coating and said integral layer combined, have a thickness or diameter smaller than 5 nm and occupy a weight fraction of greater than 90% based on the total weights of said sulfur particles or coating and said integral layer combined, or have a thickness or diameter smaller than 10 nm and occupy a weight fraction of greater than 95% based on the total weights of said sulfur particles or coating and said integral layer combined; and
(e) depositing an element Z to said meso-porous structure and said Z element is selected from Sn, Sb, and/or Bi.

US Pat. No. 10,461,317

SOLID ELECTRODE INCLUDING ELECTROLYTE-IMPREGNATED ACTIVE MATERIAL PARTICLES

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

23. A method for manufacturing an all-solid-state alkali metal sulfur cell, the method comprising:for each of two electrodes, forming the respective electrode by:
impregnating porous active material particles using an ion-conducting liquid by adding to the ion-conducting liquid a plurality of the porous active material particles that are detached from one another in the form of individually separate particles; and
forming the respective electrode from the impregnated active material particles by adding at least one solid electrolyte; and
arranging a separator between the two electrodes, wherein one of the two electrodes is a solid cathode and the other of the two electrodes is a solid anode.

US Pat. No. 10,461,315

METHOD OF PRODUCING ELECTRODE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A method of producing an electrode comprising:preparing a temperature responsive polymer swelling when the temperature responsive polymer absorbs a solvent at a temperature that is lower than a lower critical solution temperature of the temperature responsive polymer and contracting when the temperature responsive polymer releases the solvent at a temperature that is equal to or higher than the lower critical solution temperature;
preparing wet granules by mixing the temperature responsive polymer, the solvent, and active material particles;
molding an active material film by sandwiching the wet granules between a first molding tool and a second molding tool, the first molding tool being maintained at a temperature that is lower than the lower critical solution temperature, the second molding tool being maintained at a temperature that is equal to or higher than the lower critical solution temperature, the active material film including a first main surface and a second main surface, the first main surface being molded by the first molding tool, and the second main surface being molded by the second molding tool; and
compressing the active material film by sandwiching the active material film between a third molding tool and a fourth molding tool, the third molding tool and the fourth molding tool being maintained at a temperature that is equal to or higher than the lower critical solution temperature; and
disposing the active material film on a surface of a current collector such that the first main surface is positioned on a side of the active material film opposite to the current collector.

US Pat. No. 10,461,303

ELECTRODE STACK STRUCTURE AND BATTERY HAVING ELECTRODE STACK STRUCTURE

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An electrode stack structure comprising:a plurality of first electrode layers, each first electrode layer having a first polarity;
a plurality of second electrode layers, each second electrode layer having a second polarity, which is different than the first polarity, wherein the first electrode layers and the second electrode layers are alternately disposed; and
a separator, which is disposed between each first electrode layer and second electrode layer,
wherein the first electrode layers and the second electrode layers have multiple tabs
comprising a first tab and a second tab that is spaced apart from the first tab,
wherein the first tabs of the first electrode layers are connected to a first lead, and
wherein the second tabs of the first electrode layers are electrically connected to each other by a first connection unit which is different from the first lead, and
wherein the first tabs of the second electrode layers are connected to a second lead, and
wherein the second tabs of the second electrode layers are electrically connected to each other by a second connection unit which is different from the second lead,
the electrode stack structure further comprising
a first electrode line that electrically connects the first lead with at least one second tab of the first electrode layers and has a width smaller than the width of the first lead, wherein an end of the first electrode line is connected to the first lead and spaced from the first tabs of the first electrode layers; and
a second electrode line that electrically connects the second lead with at least one second tab of the second electrode layers and has a width smaller than the width of the second lead, wherein an end of the second electrode line is connected to the second lead and spaced from the first tabs of the second electrode layers.

US Pat. No. 10,461,301

BATTERY PACK FOR A HAND-HELD POWER TOOL AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A CURRENT-CARRYING CONNECTION, PREFERABLY A CELL CONNECTOR OF A BATTERY PACK FOR A HAND-HELD POWER TOOL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A battery pack for a hand-held power tool, comprising:a battery pack housing accommodating at least two battery cells, each battery cell having a lateral surface running parallel to a longitudinal axis, the lateral surface being delimited by two end faces extending perpendicularly to the longitudinal axis, wherein an electrical pole of the battery cell is located on each end face, and wherein the lateral surfaces of the battery cells are parallel to each other; and
at least one cell connector to connect two battery cells of the at least two battery cells in at least one of parallel and series, the cell connector being connected to an electrical pole of the first battery cell and to an electrical pole of the second battery cell using a welding method, wherein the cell connector has at least two at least partially overlapping, current-carrying cross-sectional areas in an unwelded area between the electrical poles of the battery cells so that a current which flows between the electrical poles of the two battery cells is fed at a low electrical resistance into the at least two cross-sectional areas,
wherein the cell connector is configured to connect the battery cells only on one lateral side of the cell connector,
wherein:
the cell connector includes a conductor;
the connection of the cell connector to the pole of the first battery cell is by a welded connection of a first end area of the conductor to the pole of the first battery cell;
the connection of the cell connector to the pole of the second battery cell is by a welded connection of a second end area of the conductor to the pole of the second battery cell;
an edge of the conductor that is not welded to the poles of the first and second battery cells is bent over, along an x axis with a bend that has a bending angle of between 170° and 190°, onto, and welded to, the first and second end areas of the conductor; and
the x axis is parallel or orthogonal to a connecting z axis between the poles of the first and second battery cells.

US Pat. No. 10,461,299

BATTERY PACK DESIGN FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE AND SHOCK AND VIBRATION APPLICATIONS

Electrochem Solutions, In...

1. A modular battery assembly, comprising:a) a first electrochemical cell, comprising:
i) a first casing enclosing a first anode in electrochemical association with a first cathode,
ii) wherein the first casing has a casing reservoir having a reservoir surrounding edge residing along an imaginary reservoir plane;
b) a first terminal pin electrically connected to one of the first anode and the first cathode to thereby serve as a first cell first terminal, wherein the first terminal pin is electrically isolated from the first casing and comprises a first terminal pin distal portion extending outside the first casing, but residing in the casing reservoir, spaced inwardly from the imaginary reservoir plane;
c) an interconnect assembly, comprising:
i) a flexible interconnect extending from an interconnect proximal portion to an interconnect distal portion;
ii) a proximal electrically conductive contact plate connected to the interconnect proximal portion in a first connection; and
iii) a distal electrically conductive contact plate connected to the interconnect distal portion,
d) wherein the proximal contact plate is physically connected to the first terminal pin distal portion in a second connection, and wherein the first and second connections reside in the casing reservoir, spaced inwardly from the imaginary reservoir plane;
e) an encapsulate material residing in the casing reservoir and encapsulating the first and second connections of the proximal contact plate to the respective interconnect proximal portion and the first terminal pin distal portion, wherein the encapsulate material does not encapsulate the distal contact plate; and
f) a second electrochemical cell, comprising:
i) a second casing enclosing a second anode in electrochemical association with a second cathode;
ii) a second terminal pin electrically connected to one of the second anode and the second cathode to thereby serve as a second cell first terminal, wherein the second cell first terminal is electrically isolated from the second casing and is of the same polarity as the first terminal pin serving as the first cell first terminal,
iii) wherein the second casing is connected to the other of the second anode and the second cathode not electrically connected to the second terminal pin to thereby serve as a second cell second terminal having a polarity that is opposite that of the second terminal pin, and
iv) wherein the distal contact plate connected to the interconnect distal portion is directly contacted to the second casing of the second electrochemical cell so that the first and second electrochemical cells are electrically connected in series, and
v) wherein the flexibility of the interconnect of the interconnect assembly is configured so that the first and second electrochemical cells to move with respect to each under mechanical shock and vibration conditions.

US Pat. No. 10,461,298

BATTERY SEPARATOR WITH DIELECTRIC COATING

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A battery comprising:an anode containing at least one of lithium metal, lithium-alloy, a mixture of lithium metal and lithium alloy;
a cathode; and
a separator disposed between the anode and the cathode, wherein the separator comprises:
at least one dielectric layer capable of conducting ions, wherein the at least one dielectric layer has a thickness of 1 nanometer to 2,000 nanometers and is and formed directly on a surface of the anode, a surface of the cathode, or both the surface of the anode and the surface of the cathode, wherein the at least one dielectric layer comprises:
a plurality of dielectric columnar projections comprising dielectric material; and
a nanoporous structure formed between the dielectric columnar projections and comprising the dielectric material.

US Pat. No. 10,461,297

LAMINATED BODY

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY...

1. A laminated body, comprising:a porous base material containing a polyolefin-based resin as a main component; and
a porous layer on at least one surface of the porous base material, the porous layer containing a polyvinylidene fluoride-based resin,
the porous base material having a parameter X of not more than 20, the parameter X being calculated in accordance with a formula below, where MD tan ? represents a tan ? measured in a machine direction through a viscoelasticity measurement performed at a frequency of 10 Hz and a temperature of 90° C., and TD tan ? represents a tan ? measured in a transverse direction through the viscoelasticity measurement,
X=100×|MD tan ??TD tan ?|/{(MD tan ?+TD tan ?)/2}
the polyvinylidene fluoride-based resin containing crystal form ? in an amount of not less than 36 mol % with respect to 100 mol % of a total amount of the crystal form ? and crystal form ? contained in the polyvinylidene fluoride-based resin,
where the amount of the crystal form ? is calculated from an absorption intensity at around 765 cm?1 in an IR spectrum of the porous layer, and an amount of the crystal form ? is calculated from an absorption intensity at around 840 cm?1 in the IR spectrum of the porous layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,291

CURRENT-INTERRUPT DEVICE FOR BATTERY CELL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A current-interrupt device for a battery cell, the current-interrupt comprising:a plate defining a hole;
a diaphragm joined to the plate and covering a top of the hole;
a cover sealing a bottom of the hole; and
a dielectric fluid disposed in the hole, wherein, the diaphragm and the cover are movable, responsive to cell pressure exceeding a threshold, separating the diaphragm from the plate forming a gap therebetween and releasing the fluid into the gap, and preventing current from arching across the gap.

US Pat. No. 10,461,283

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE AND REPAIR METHOD THEREOF

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. A repair method of an organic light emitting display device including a plurality of pixels, each pixel among the plurality of pixels including an organic light emitting diode (OLED) in every pixel area defined as a plurality of scan lines and a plurality of data lines intersecting with each other, and the organic light emitting display device further including a repair structure in a horizontal direction by one or more repair lines between two or more adjacent pixels among the plurality of pixels, the repair method comprising:cutting a connection between a driving thin-film transistor (TFT) defective in operation and an anode electrode of an OLED of a first pixel among the two or more adjacent pixels;
repairing a source electrode of an in-defective driving TFT of a second pixel and the anode electrode of the OLED of the first pixel by welding the repair line and the source electrode of the driving TFT of the second pixel adjacent to the first pixel; and
operating the OLED of the first pixel through the in-defective driving TFT of the second pixel,
wherein the repair line extends from the end of the anode electrode of the OLED of the first pixel to overlap the source electrode of the driving TFT of the second pixel, and
wherein the repairing includes welding the repair line and the source electrode of the driving TFT of the second pixel to connect the repair line and the source electrode of the driving TFT of the second pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,461,282

METHOD FOR DEPOSITING PROTECTION FILM OF LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT

TES CO., LTD, Yongin, Gy...

1. A method of depositing a protection film for a light emitting diode (LED), the method comprising:depositing a first inorganic protection layer on an LED of a substrate; and
depositing a second inorganic protection layer on the first inorganic protection layer, wherein internal stress of the second inorganic protection layer is smaller than internal stress of the first inorganic protection layer,
wherein the depositing of the first inorganic protection layer and the depositing of the second inorganic protection layer comprise depositing an aluminum oxide (AlOx) layer by atomic layer deposition (ALD), and
wherein the depositing of the first inorganic protection layer and the depositing of the second inorganic protection layer are continuously performed using the same source gas and different reaction gases in one chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,461,278

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE, DISPLAY APPARATUS, AND ILLUMINATION APPARATUS

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A light-emitting device comprising: a first electrode;a second electrode; and an organic layer that is provided between the first electrode and the second electrode and is formed by stacking a first light-emitting layer and a second light-emitting layer in order from the first electrode side,
wherein light emitted from the organic layer is reflected by a first reflective interface formed between the first light-emitting layer and the first electrode, passes through the second electrode, and is emitted to the outside of the light-emitting device,
a first light-transmitting layer, a second light-transmitting layer, and a third light-transmitting layer are provided on a side of the second light-emitting layer opposite to the first light-emitting layer in order from the second light-emitting layer side,
a second reflective interface is formed at an interface of the first light-transmitting layer on the second light-emitting layer side,
a third reflective interface is formed between the first light-transmitting layer and the second light-transmitting layer,
a fourth reflective interface is formed between the second light-transmitting layer and the third light-transmitting layer,
an interference filter is formed by the first reflective interface, the second reflective interface, the third reflective interface, and the fourth reflective interface,
the first reflective interface is arranged so as to satisfy a first condition, and
the second reflective interface, the third reflective interface, and the fourth reflective interface are arranged so as to satisfy either or both of a second condition and a third condition,
wherein the first condition is that reflection of light rays, which are emitted from the first light-emitting layer, on the first reflective interface is reinforced, and reflection of light rays, which are emitted from the second light-emitting layer, on the first reflective interface is reinforced,
wherein the second condition is that reflection of light rays, which are emitted from the first light-emitting layer, on the second reflective interface is weakened, reflection of light rays, which are emitted from the first light-emitting layer, on the third reflective interface is reinforced, and reflection of light rays, which are emitted from the first light-emitting layer, on the fourth reflective interface is reinforced, and
wherein the third condition is that reflection of light rays, which are emitted from the second light-emitting layer, on the second reflective interface is weakened, reflection of light rays, which are emitted from the second light-emitting layer, on the third reflective interface is reinforced, and reflection of light rays, which are emitted from the second light-emitting layer, on the fourth reflective interface is reinforced.

US Pat. No. 10,461,273

DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING A STRUCTURE TO PREVENT DAMAGE TO A BENT PORTION OF A FLEXIBLE DISPLAY

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising:a flexible display including a display region and a peripheral region arranged in a length direction, the flexible display being bent in the peripheral region around an axis extending in a width direction orthogonal to the length direction, the flexible display being provided with a light-emitting element layer in the display region; and
a spacer disposed inside a bend of the flexible display and including both end portions on both sides in the width direction, the spacer including a guide surface regulating the bend,
a first reinforcement film on the display region of the flexible display;
a second reinforcement film on the peripheral region of the flexible display;
a semiconductor circuit chip on the peripheral region; and
a flexible board on the peripheral region, wherein
the both end portions of the spacer project from the flexible display in the width direction,
a side end portion of the first reinforcement film is in contact with a first side end portion of the second reinforcement film,
a second side end portion of the second reinforcement film is in contact with one side of the semiconductor circuit chip,
a third side end portion of the second reinforcement film is in contact with another side of the semiconductor circuit chip,
the second reinforcement film is continuously formed from the first side end portion to the second side end portion, and
the first reinforcement film, the first side end portion, the second side end portion, the semiconductor circuit chip, the third side end portion, and the flexible board are arranged in this order along a surface of the flexible display.

US Pat. No. 10,461,272

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A method of manufacturing a display device, the method comprising:preparing a first substrate;
disposing a pixel defining layer on the first substrate, the pixel defining layer configured to define an emissive area and a transmissive area;
disposing a first electrode in the emissive area;
disposing an organic light emitting layer on the first electrode;
disposing a second electrode in the emissive area and the transmissive area;
disposing a mask on the second electrode and injecting a modifying agent; and
disposing a second substrate facing the first substrate,
wherein the mask has a blocking portion corresponding to the emissive area, a transmissive portion corresponding to the transmissive area, and a stopper disposed on a rear surface of the mask at a boundary between the blocking portion and the transmissive portion.

US Pat. No. 10,461,271

LIGHT-EMITTING ELEMENT, DISPLAY DEVICE, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, AND LIGHTING DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A light-emitting element comprising:a pair of electrodes,
a first light-emitting layer; and
a second light-emitting layer,
wherein the first light-emitting layer comprises a first fluorescent material and a first host material,
wherein a second fluorescent material, a first organic compound and a second organic compound are mixed in the second light-emitting layer,
wherein a triplet excited energy level of the first host material is lower than a triplet excited energy level of the first fluorescent material,
wherein the triplet excited energy level of the first host material is lower than triplet excited energy levels of the first organic compound and the second organic compound, and
wherein light emitted from the light-emitting element comprises delayed fluorescence.

US Pat. No. 10,461,267

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A flexible display panel comprising:a flexible substrate including a display area and a peripheral area outside of the display area;
a wire or an organic layer disposed over the flexible substrate;
a polarizer disposed over the flexible substrate;
a lower film under the flexible substrate; and
an acryl-based resin layer disposed in the peripheral area, not disposed in the display area, and having a curvature radius which is greater than a curvature radius of the wire or the organic layer overlapping the acryl-based resin layer in a first direction perpendicular to an upper surface of the flexible substrate,
wherein:
the peripheral area of the flexible substrate in which the acryl-based resin layer is disposed is bent along a first bending line towards a rear side of the display area,
the acryl-based resin layer overlaps the first bending line in the first direction,
a side surface of the acryl-based resin layer is in contact with a side surface of the polarizer, and
a bottom side of the lower film includes at least one depression.

US Pat. No. 10,461,264

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT ELEMENT

IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.,...

1. An organic electroluminescence device comprising a pair of electrodes and an organic compound layer therebetween, the organic compound layer comprising an emitting layer comprising: a first material; a second material; and a third material, whereinsinglet energy EgS(H1) of the first material, singlet energy EgS(H2) of the second material, and singlet energy EgS(D) of the third material satisfy a relationship of numerical formulae (1) and (2) below,
the singlet energy EgS(H1) of the first material and the singlet energy EgS(H2) of the second material satisfy a relationship of numerical formula (8) below,
a difference ?ST(H1) between the singlet energy EgS(H1) of the first material and an energy gap Eg77K(H1) at 77K of the first material satisfies a relationship of a numerical formula (3) below, and
the third material is a fluorescent material,
EgS(H1)>EgS(D)  (1)
EgS(H2)>EgS(D)  (2)
?ST(H1)=EgS(H1)?Eg77K(H1)<0.3 [eV]  (3)
EgS(H2)?EgS(H1)  (8).

US Pat. No. 10,461,262

CONDENSED CYCLIC COMPOUND AND AN ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A condensed cyclic compound represented by Formula 1:
wherein, in Formulae 1 and 2,
X1 is N or C(R11), X2 is N or C(R12), and X3 is N or C(R13), and at least one of X1 to X3 is N;
L1 to L3 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C 10 cycloalkenylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 beteroarylene, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a1 to a3 are each independently an integer selected front 0 to 3, wherein, when a1 is 2 or greater, at least 2 or L1(s) are the same as or different from each other, when a2 is 2 or greater, at least 2 L2(s) are the same as or different from each other, and when a3 is 2 or greater, at least 2 L3(s) are the same as or different from each other;
Ar1 and Ar2 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C1 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted-C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
one of R1 and R2 is a group represented by Formula 2 and the other of R1 and R2 is hydrogen;
R3, R4, R5 and R6 are each hydrogen;
R7, R8 and R11 to R13 are each independently selected from a group represented by Formula 2, hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C 10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —Si(Q1)(Q2)(Q3), —N(Q1)(Q2), —B(Q1)(Q2),—C(?O)(Q1), —S(?O)2(Q1), or —P(?O)(Q1)(Q2);
R7 and R8 are optionally linked to form a saturated or unsaturated ring;
at least one of R1 or R2 is a group represented by Formula 2;
* indicates a binding site to a neighboring atom; and
at least one substituent of the substituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, substituted C6 -C60 arylene group, substituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, substituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, substituted C6-C60 aryl group, substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group is selected from:
deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, or a C1-C60 alkoxy group;
a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C3-C 10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6 -C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —Si(Q11)(Q12)(Q13),—N(Q11)(Q12), —B(Q11)(Q12), —C(?O)(Q11), —S(?O)2(Q11), and —P(?O)(Q11)(Q12);
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6 -C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, a biphenyl group, or a terphenyl group;
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group. a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6 C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, 13 Si(Q21)(Q22)(Q23), —N(Q21)(Q22), —B(Q21)(Q22), —C(?O)(Q21), —S(?O)2(Q21), and —P(?O)(Q21)(Q22); or
—Si(Q31)(Q32)(Q33), —N (Q31)(Q32), —B(Q31)(Q32), —C(?O)(Q31), —S(?O)2(Q31), or —P(?O)(Q31)(Q32),
wherein Q1 to Q3, Q11 to Q13, Q21 to Q23, and Q31 to Q33 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C60 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryl group substituted with a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group substituted with a C6-C60 aryl group, a terphenyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group substituted with a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group substituted with a C6-C60 aryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, or a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

US Pat. No. 10,461,260

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT MATERIALS AND DEVICES

Universal Display Corpora...

1. A first device comprising a first organic light emitting device, the first organic light emitting device comprising:an anode;
a cathode; and
an emissive layer, disposed between the anode and the cathode, wherein the emissive layer comprises a first light emitting compound having a structure according to Formula 1:

wherein Rf is hydrogen and Ra to Re, Rg, R1 and R2 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halide, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heteroalkyl, arylalkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, amino, silyl, alkenyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroalkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, heteroaryl, acyl, carbonyl, carboxylic acids, ester, nitrile, isonitrile, sulfanyl, sulfinyl, sulfonyl, phosphino, and combinations thereof; and
wherein Ar1 is

wherein Ar2 and Ar3 are independently substituted or unsubstituted aryl or heteroaryl, and Ar1, Ar2, and Ar3 are not connected to one another to form fused ring(s),
wherein L is a direct bond or a linker;
wherein the first light emitting compound emits a luminescent radiation at room temperature when a voltage is applied across the organic light emitting device; and
wherein the luminescent radiation comprises a delayed fluorescence process.

US Pat. No. 10,461,258

COMPOUND

IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.,...

1. A compound represented by the following formula (1):
wherein in the formula (1), Xs are independently a nitrogen atom or CH, and at least two Xs are nitrogen atoms;
Ar1 and Ar2 are independently a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon group including 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms or a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic heterocyclic group including 5 to 30 ring atoms;
L1 and L2 are independently a single bond or a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon group including 6 to 30 ring carbon atoms;
Ar3 is a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic hydrocarbon group including 6 to 15 ring carbon atoms;
Ar4 is a substituted or unsubstituted 6-membered nitrogen-containing aromatic monocyclic group or a substituted or unsubstituted nitrogen-containing aromatic fused ring group in which two or more 6-membered rings are fused; and
Ar5 is represented by any of the following formulas (11) to (13):

wherein in the formula (11), any one of A1 to A12 is a carbon atom that is used for bonding with Ar3, any two of A1 to A12 that are not used for bonding with Ar3 are CR1s, the two R1s are bonded with each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted 6-membered ring, and remaining A1 to A12 are independently a nitrogen atom or CR2; and
R2 is a hydrogen atom or a substituent;
wherein in the formula (12), any one of A21 to A32 is a carbon atom that is used for bonding with Ar3, any two of A21 to A32 that are not used for bonding with Ar3 are CR1s, the two R1s are bonded with each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted 6-membered ring, and remaining A21 to A32 are independently a nitrogen atom or CR2; and
wherein in the formula (13), any one of A41 to A52 is a carbon atom that is used for bonding with Ar3, any two of A41 to A52 that are not used for bonding with Ar3 are CR1s, the two R1s are bonded with each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted 6-membered ring, and remaining A41 to A52 are independently a nitrogen atom or CR2.

US Pat. No. 10,461,257

ANTHRACENE DERIVATIVES, LUMINESCENT MATERIALS AND ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT DEVICES

IDEMITSU KOSAN CO., LTD.,...

1. An anthracene derivative comprising a phenanthryl group, the anthracene derivative being represented by formula (1-1):
wherein:
L1 represents a single bond in formula (1-1),
Ar1 represents a group represented by formula (2):

or a substituted or unsubstituted fused aromatic ring group having 10 to 50 ring-forming carbon atoms,
wherein the phenanthryl group is bound to the anthracene group of formula (1-1) via a 3 position or 4 position of the phenanthryl group, and wherein when Ar1 represents a group other than a group represented by the above-mentioned general formula (2), and a 3-position of the phenanthryl group is bonded to the anthracene skeleton, Ar1 represents a group other than an unsubstituted 3-phenanthryl group;
wherein substituents Rx, Ra, and Rb each independently represent a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkenyl group having 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkynyl group having 2 to 50 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aralkyl group having 7 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkoxyl group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryloxy group having 6 to 20 ring-forming carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group having 6 to 50 ring-forming carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group having 5 to 50 ring-forming atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylsilyl group having 1 to 30 carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted arylsilyl group having 6 to 50 ring-forming carbon atoms, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylgermanium group having 1 to 50 carbon atoms, or a substituted or unsubstituted arylgermanium group having 6 to 50 ring-forming carbon atoms;
“p” represents an integer of 0 to 8, “q” represents an integer of 0 to 9, and “y” represents an integer of 0 to 4, and when “p” represents 2 to 8, “q” represents 2 to 9, or “y” represents 2 to 4, a plurality of Rx's a plurality of Ra's, or a plurality of Rb's may be identical to or different from each other, provided that a case where all Rx, Ra, and Rb each represent an anthracenyl group is excluded; and
Arz represents a substituent selected from the group consisting of a substituted or unsubstituted naphthyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted phenanthryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted anthracenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted benzanthracenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted naphthacenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted fluoranthenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted benzofluoranthenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted triphenylenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted chrysenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted pyrenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted benzophenanthryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted benzochrysenyl group, and a substituted or unsubstituted heterocycle-containing group having 3 to 50 nucleus forming atoms, when Arz has a plurality of substituents, a plurality of adjacent substituents may be bonded to each other to form in a saturated or unsaturated divalent group that completes a ring.

US Pat. No. 10,461,255

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DISPLAY

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light emitting diode (OLED) display comprising:a first substrate;
an organic light emitting element disposed on the first substrate;
a first adhesive layer disposed on the organic light emitting element, covering sides of the organic light emitting element;
a second adhesive layer disposed on the first adhesive layer, and the entirety of which does not contact the organic light emitting element; and
a second substrate disposed on the second adhesive layer,
wherein the first adhesive layer and the second adhesive layer include a thermally curable resin or a photocurable resin, respectively,
wherein the second adhesive layer comprises more than about 5 to about 50 parts by weight of a hygroscopic material based on 100 parts by weight of the thermally curable resin or the photocurable resin, and
wherein the first adhesive layer includes a bisphenol-based epoxy resin as the thermally curable resin or the photocurable resin.

US Pat. No. 10,461,254

METHODS OF GRAPHENE GROWTH AND RELATED STRUCTURES

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A device, comprising:a substrate having a first surface that includes a curved region;
a conformal graphene layer disposed over the substrate, wherein the conformal graphene layer includes a second surface that follows a first surface contour of the curved region to provide a curved graphene layer within the curved region; and
a source/drain electrode in contact with the conformal graphene layer outside the curved region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,251

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING INTEGRATED CIRCUIT USING ENCAPSULATION DURING AN ETCH PROCESS

EVERSPIN TECHNOLOGIES, IN...

1. A method of fabricating a magnetoresistive bit from a magnetoresistive stack including (i) a first magnetic region, (ii) an intermediate region disposed over the first magnetic region, and (iii) a second magnetic region disposed over the intermediate region, the method comprising:etching through a first portion of the magnetoresistive stack using a first etch process to form one or more sidewalls, wherein at least a portion of the sidewalls includes redeposited material after the etching;
modifying at least a portion of the redeposited material on the sidewalls, wherein the modifying step includes rendering at least a portion of the redeposited material on the sidewalls electrically-nonconductive; and
etching through a second portion of the magnetoresistive stack after the modifying step.

US Pat. No. 10,461,243

TUNING MAGNETIC ANISOTROPY FOR SPIN-TORQUE MEMORY

Everspin Technologies, In...

13. A magnetoresistive device, comprising:a fixed portion, wherein a magnetic state for the fixed portion is in a predetermined state;
a free portion, wherein the free portion includes:
a first magnetic layer having a first perpendicular magnetic anisotropy field parameter, wherein the first perpendicular magnetic anisotropy field parameter corresponds to a first magnetic field that is required to move a magnetic state of the first magnetic layer from a position along an easy axis of the first magnetic layer to a position perpendicular to the easy axis of the first magnetic layer;
a second magnetic layer having second perpendicular magnetic anisotropy field parameter, wherein the second perpendicular magnetic anisotropy field parameter corresponds to a second magnetic field that is required to move a magnetic state of the second magnetic layer from a position along an easy axis of the second magnetic layer to a position perpendicular to the easy axis of the second magnetic layer, wherein the second magnetic layer is more susceptible to changes in magnetic state in response to a spin-torque switching current than the first magnetic layer; and
a coupling layer between the first magnetic layer and the second magnetic layer; and
a first dielectric layer adjacent the second magnetic layer, wherein the first dielectric layer is between the fixed portion and the free portion.

US Pat. No. 10,461,239

MICROSCALE SENSOR STRUCTURE WITH BACKSIDE CONTACTS AND PACKAGING OF THE SAME

INTERDISCIPLINARY CONSULT...

1. A microscale sensor comprising: a device layer having a front side and a back side, the front side of the device layer being positioned for exposure to a passing fluid; a support substrate at the back side of the device layer, the support substrate having contact openings for accessing a conductive backside surface at the back side of the device layer, wherein electrical connection to the device layer is not formed with a through-wafer via; and wherein the microscale sensor is configured to be flush mounted.

US Pat. No. 10,461,237

THERMOELECTRIC DEVICE

Mahle International GmbH,...

1. A thermoelectric device, comprising:a plurality of electrically conductive first threads and a plurality of electrically insulating second threads structured and arranged to define a fabric;
at least one first thread of the plurality of electrically conductive first threads including a plurality of p-doped thread sections and a plurality of n-doped thread sections arranged in alternating relationship with one another; and
the plurality of electrically conductive first threads extending in a wavy course defining a plurality of curvature-turning points;
wherein the plurality of p-doped thread sections and the plurality of n-doped thread sections are arranged in a respective curvature-turning point of the plurality of curvature-turning points; wherein one of: the plurality of electrically conductive first threads are arranged as warp threads of the fabric, and the plurality of electrically insulating second threads are arranged as weft threads of the fabric; and the plurality of electrically conductive first threads are arranged as the weft threads of the fabric, and the plurality of electrically insulating second threads are arranged as the warp threads of the fabric.

US Pat. No. 10,461,230

LIGHT EMITTING DIODE COMPONENT

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A method, comprising:providing a light emitting semiconductor structure grown on a growth substrate;
removing at least a portion of the growth substrate; and
forming a multilayer structure arranged to guide light out from a surface of the light emitting semiconductor structure, the multilayer structure covering the surface of the light emitting structure, the multilayer structure comprising a plurality of layers, wherein an i+1:th layer is arranged on top an i:th layer in a sequence as seen from the light emitting semiconductor structure, wherein a refractive index, ni, of the i:th layer is greater than a refractive index, ni+1, of the i+1:th layer, wherein the value of i is selected from the set of positive integers, wherein a thickness of the i+1:th layer is greater than a thickness of the i:th layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,220

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

IMEC, Leuven (BE)

1. A method of fabricating a light-emitting semiconductor device, the method comprising:providing a light-emitting layer stack;
forming a stop layer over the light-emitting layer stack;
forming a light-transmission layer on the stop layer, the light-transmission layer formed of a crystalline III-V semiconductor material that is optically transmissive to emission wavelengths of the light-emitting layer stack;
patterning a mask layer on the light-transmission layer such that portions of the light-transmission layer are exposed;
thermally texturing in an atmosphere comprising molecular hydrogen (H2) and ammonia, the thermally texturing comprises decomposing the light-transmission layer at the exposed portions into chemical constituents of the III-V semiconductor material and redepositing to form a plurality of crystals of the III-V semiconductor material having triangular crystal facets; and
stopping the thermal texturing by locally stopping the decomposing and redepositing at an interface formed by the stop layer and the light-transmission layer,
wherein the stop layer has a decomposition temperature that is higher than that of the light-transmission layer such that texturing is prevented from extending into the stop layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,218

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a light emitting structure including a first conductive semiconductor layer, an active layer under the first conductive semiconductor layer, a second conductive semiconductor layer under the active layer, and a plurality of recesses through which a lower portion of the first conductive semiconductor layer is exposed;
at least one pad arranged outside the light emitting structure, and arranged to be adjacent to at least one edge; and
a plurality of insulation patterns arranged inside the recesses and extending to a lower surface of the light emitting structure,
wherein widths of the plurality of insulation patterns are reduced as the insulation patterns become further away from the pad,
wherein the pad includes a first pad arranged to be adjacent to a first edge and a second pad arranged to be adjacent to a second edge, and
wherein widths of the plurality of insulation patterns are reduced as the insulation patterns go from the first edge toward a third edge in a diagonal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,461,210

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A DETECTION DEVICE WITH TWO SUBSTRATES AND SUCH A DETECTION DEVICE

1. A method for manufacturing a device for detecting electromagnetic radiation, the method including the following steps:supplying a first substrate, the first substrate integrating a reading circuit and comprising a first surface and a second surface, the first substrate further including at least two first contact plugs connected to the reading circuit and at least one first annular bonding element surrounding the first contact plugs, the first contact plugs and the first annular bonding element each being at least in part exposed on the first surface of the first substrate,
supplying a second substrate, the second substrate including:
a first surface of the second substrate and a second surface of the second substrate,
at least one detection structure, for the detection of electromagnetic radiation, provided with at least two connecting arms each extending by a second contact plug complementary to one corresponding first contact plug,
a sacrificial material enclosing the detection structure, the first connecting arm and the second connecting arm,
a cap including the first surface of the second substrate,
at least one annular side wall extending from the cap, the annular side wall forming with the cap a cavity housing the detection structure and the sacrificial material, the annular side wall being provided, on one end opposite to the cap, with a second annular bonding element complementary to the first annular bonding element,
wherein the second contact plugs and the second annular bonding element are each at least in part exposed on the second surface of the second substrate,
bonding the second surface of the second substrate on the first surface of the first substrate by bonding the second annular bonding element on the first annular bonding element and bonding the first contact plugs on the second contact plugs,
arranging at least one opening in the second substrate,
selective elimination of the sacrificial material,
closing said opening under at least a primary vacuum whereby the device for detecting electromagnetic radiation is formed.

US Pat. No. 10,461,209

AVALANCHE PHOTODIODE FOR DETECTING ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

STMICROELECTRONICS S.R.L....

1. An avalanche photodiode for detecting ultraviolet radiation, comprising:a semiconductor body having a front surface and forms including:
a silicon carbide substrate having a first type of conductivity at a first dopant level;
a first silicon carbide epitaxial layer having the first type of conductivity at a second dopant level less than the first dopant level;
a second silicon carbide epitaxial layer having a third dopant level between the first and second dopant levels, the first silicon carbide epitaxial layer being positioned between the silicon carbide substrate and the second silicon carbide epitaxial layer, at least a portion of the second silicon carbide epitaxial layer being a cathode region; and
a third silicon carbide epitaxial layer on the second silicon carbide epitaxial layer and having a fourth dopant level less than the third dopant level;
an anode region extending completely through the third silicon carbide epitaxial layer and having a second type of conductivity, which extends into said semiconductor body starting from the front surface and contacts the cathode region; and
a guard ring having the second type of conductivity, which extends into said semiconductor body starting from the front surface and completely laterally surrounds the anode region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,207

PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING

First Solar, Inc., Tempe...

1. A photovoltaic device comprising:a substrate;
a transparent conductive oxide (TCO) layer formed on the substrate;
a back contact;
a CdSeTe absorber layer formed between the TCO layer and the back contact, wherein:
the CdSeTe absorber layer contacts the back contact,
the CdSeTe absorber layer is composed of cadmium, selenium, and tellurium in varying amounts,
a ratio of Te atoms to a sum of Se atoms and the Te atoms throughout the CdSeTe absorber layer compound is between about 99 to 100 and about 60 to 100; and
a buffer layer formed between the TCO layer and the CdSeTe absorber layer,
and wherein the buffer layer comprises magnesium,
and wherein a peak concentration of Se is located at an interface between the buffer layer and the CdSeTe absorber layer.

US Pat. No. 10,461,205

SOLAR PANEL HOUSING

1. A housing for a solar panel comprising:a glazed element; and
a tray; said tray including:
a plate;
a pair of side walls extending generally vertical from said plate and from opposing ends of said plate, said pair of side walls include at least one first aperture, said at least one first aperture configured to allow passage of a tube or conduit;
a top end cap extending generally vertical from said plate;
a bottom end cap extending generally vertical from said plate at an opposite end from said top end cap;
a top surface of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap;
a lip, said lip positioned proximate a junction of said top surface of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap and an interior wall of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap, said lip including a seating surface that is positioned below said top surface of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap, said lip extending the interior perimeter of each of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap, and said lip configured to seat said glazed element such that a top surface of said glazed element is flush to said top surface of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap;
wherein said plate, said pair of side walls, said top end cap, said bottom end cap, said top surface of said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap and said lip are formed of a single material and as a single integral component; and
wherein said plate, said pair of side walls, said top end cap and said bottom end cap collectively form a cavity; and
wherein said top end cap includes a top header, said top header extending the length of said top end cap, said top header extending outward from said top end cap and in a direction away from said cavity, said top header including:
at least one pipe extending outwardly from said top header at both ends of said top header and extending the length of said top header and throughout an interior space of said top header;
at least one void extending the length of said top header and throughout the interior space of said top header, said void positioned proximate the exterior of said pipe and distinct from said pipe; and
at least one hole extending from said void through said top end cap to said cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,461,201

HIGHLY-FLUORESCENT AND PHOTO-STABLE CHROMOPHORES FOR WAVELENGTH CONVERSION

Nitto Denko Corporation, ...

1. A chromophore represented by formula (I):
wherein:
each L is independently C1-8 alkyl or C6-10 aryl;
D1 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) hydrogen;
(2) C6-10 aryl, substituted by C1-6 alkoxy;
(3) C6-10 aryl-NR?R?; and
(4) C6-10 aryl-C6-10 aryl-NR?R?;
D2 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) hydrogen;
(2) C6-10 aryl, substituted by C1-6 alkoxy;
(3) C6-10 aryl-NR?R?; and
(4) C6-10 aryl-C6-10 aryl-NR?R?;
R? is C1-8 alkyl or C6-10 aryl, wherein the C6-10 aryl is optionally substituted by C1-8 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy or —C(?O)R; or
R?, together with the C6-10 aryl to which the nitrogen atom is attached to, forms a fused C1-8 heterocyclic ring comprising nitrogen;
R? is C1-8 alkyl or C6-10 aryl, wherein the C6-10 aryl is optionally substituted by C1-8 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy or —C(?O)R; or
R?, together with the C6-10 aryl to which the nitrogen atom is attached to, forms a fused C1-8 heterocyclic ring comprising nitrogen; or
R? and R?, together with the C6-10 aryl to which the nitrogen atom is attached to, forms a fused C1-8 heterocyclic ring comprising nitrogen;
Het is selected from the group consisting of:

X is —N(A0)-;
A0 is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) hydrogen;
(2) C1-8 alkyl, optionally substituted by halo or C1-6 alkoxy;
(3) C2-8 alkenyl, optionally substituted by halo, C1-8 alkyl or C1-6 alkoxy;
(4) C1-6 alkoxy, optionally substituted by halo; and
(5) C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted by halo, C1-8 alkyl or C1-6 alkoxy;
Ra is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) hydrogen;
(2) C1-8 alkyl, optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) CN;
(c) C1-6 alkoxy;
(d) C6-10 aryloxy, optionally substituted by CN or —C(?O)R;
(e) C3-10 cycloalkyl; or
(f) C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted by halo or CN;
(3) C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) CN;
(c) C1-8 alkyl;
(d) C1-6 alkoxy; or
(e) C(?O)R; and
(4) C6-10 heteroaryl, optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) CN; or
(c) C1-8 alkyl;
wherein the C6-10 heteroaryl contains one or more nitrogen heteroatoms;
Rb is selected from the group consisting of:
(1) hydrogen;
(2) C1-8 alkyl, optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) CN;
(c) C1-6 alkoxy;
(d) C6-10 aryloxy, optionally substituted by CN or —C(?O)R;
(e) C3-10 cycloalkyl; or
(f) C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted by halo or CN;
(3) C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) CN;
(c) C1-8 alkyl;
(d) C1-6 alkoxy; or
(e) C(?O)R; and
(4) C6-10 heteroaryl, optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) CN; or
(c) C1-8 alkyl;
wherein the C6-10 heteroaryl contains one or more nitrogen heteroatoms; or
Ra and Rb, together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached, form a monocyclic ring or a polycyclic ring system selected from the group consisting of:
C3-10 cycloalkyl, C6-10 aryl,

wherein the monocyclic ring or polycyclic ring system is optionally substituted by:
(a) halo;
(b) C1-8 alkyl;
(c) C1-6 alkoxy; or
(d) C6-10 aryl, optionally substituted by C1-6 alkoxy;
each R is independently C1-8 alkyl, C1-6 alkoxy or C6-10 aryl, wherein the C6-10 aryl is optionally substituted by C1-8 alkyl; and
i is 0;
with the proviso that D1 and D2 are not both hydrogen.

US Pat. No. 10,461,198

THIN FILM TRANSISTOR SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

INDUSTRY-UNIVERSITY COOPE...

1. A method for manufacturing a thin film transistor substrate comprising:forming a first protection film on a base substrate, the first protection film comprising a first silicon oxide layer, a silicon nitride layer, and a second silicon oxide layer which are sequentially stacked;
after forming the first protection film, forming an oxide semiconductor layer on the first protection film;
forming source and drain electrodes provided at a predetermined interval from each other and connected with the oxide semiconductor layer;
forming a gate electrode insulated from the oxide semiconductor layer and partially overlapped with at least one portion of the oxide semiconductor layer; and
performing a thermal treatment at less than 350° C.,
wherein the oxide semiconductor layer has a hydrogen content of 2.4 at % (atomic % or atom %)˜2.6 at %.

US Pat. No. 10,461,196

CONTROL OF LENGTH IN GATE REGION DURING PROCESSING OF VFET STRUCTURES

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A method of forming a vertical FinFET, the method comprising:forming a semiconductor fin on a substrate and having a fin mask on an upper surface thereof;
laterally recessing the semiconductor fin causing the fin mask to overhang above the fin;
forming a conformal gate liner on the recessed semiconductor fin and the fin mask, wherein the conformal gate liner includes a first portion surrounding the fin mask and a second portion surrounding the recessed fins and being separated from the fin mask by a thickness of the conformal gate liner;
forming a gate mask laterally adjacent to the second portion of the conformal gate liner;
removing the first portion of the conformal gate liner, wherein the second portion of the conformal gate liner remains intact after the removing of the first portion;
removing the gate mask to expose the remaining second portion of the conformal gate liner;
forming a nitride liner on the remaining second portion of the conformal gate liner, exposed portion of the semiconductor fin above the second portion of the conformal gate liner, and the fin mask, after removing the gate mask to expose the remaining second portion of the conformal gate liner;
forming an intermediate mask on a portion of the nitride liner that is above the fin mask to vertically cover a vertical section of the first portion of the conformal gate liner adjacent to the recessed semiconductor fin and the nitride liner on top thereof;
applying a directional etching to remove portions of the conformal gate liner and the nitride liner on top thereof, that are above the substrate and not vertically covered by the intermediate mask;
removing the intermediate mask; and
forming a gate contact to the remaining second portion of the conformal gate liner, wherein a length of the gate is determined by the remaining second portion of the conformal gate liner.

US Pat. No. 10,461,193

APPARATUS AND METHODS TO CREATE A BUFFER WHICH EXTENDS INTO A GATED REGION OF A TRANSISTOR

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A microelectronic structure, comprising:a substrate;
a low band-gap active channel;
a high band-gap sub-structure disposed between the substrate and the low band-gap active channel, wherein the high band-gap sub-structure abuts the low band-gap active channel;
at least one isolation structure abutting the high band-gap sub-structure, wherein a portion of the high band-gap sub-structure extends from the at least one isolation structure and wherein another portion of the high band-gap sub-structure extends into the substrate;
a gated region comprising the low band-gap active channel and the portion of the high band-gap sub-structure extending from the at least one isolation structure; and
a gate on the gated region, wherein the gate comprises a gate dielectric layer and a gate electrode, and wherein the gate dielectric layer contacts both the low band-gap active channel and the portion of the high band-gap sub-structure extending from the at least one isolation structure.

US Pat. No. 10,461,192

METAL OXIDE PROTECTION STRUCTURE OF A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a gate electrode disposed on a substrate;
a gate insulation layer disposed on the substrate to cover the gate electrode;
an active layer disposed on the gate insulation layer, the active layer comprising an oxide semiconductor;
an insulating interlayer disposed on the gate insulation layer and configured to cover the active layer;
a protection structure disposed on the insulating interlayer; and
a source electrode and a drain electrode disposed on the protection structure, the source electrode and the drain electrode contacting a source region and a drain region of the active layer, respectively,
wherein:
the protection structure comprises a first metal oxide layer disposed on the insulating interlayer, and a second metal oxide layer disposed on the first metal oxide layer;
the first metal oxide layer has a first oxygen content greater than a second oxygen content of the second metal oxide layer;
the second oxygen content abruptly varies from the first oxygen content at an interface between the first metal oxide layer and the second metal oxide layer;
the first metal oxide layer has a first composition of MOx1 (where M represents aluminum, titanium, tantalum or zirconium, O denotes oxygen, and x means a positive real number) having a first oxygen content, and the second metal oxide layer has a second composition of MOx2 having a second oxygen content; and
a thickness ratio between the first metal oxide layer and the second metal oxide layer is in a range of about 1.0:0.03 to 1.0:0.6.

US Pat. No. 10,461,187

INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An integrated circuit device comprising:a substrate comprising a main surface;
a transistor (TR) comprising a first section, a vertical channel region, and a second section on the main surface; and
a gate electrode on the vertical channel region,
wherein the first section, the vertical channel region, and the second section extend from the main surface in a first direction perpendicular to the main surface, wherein the vertical channel region and the first and second sections have the same composition as each other and have different crystal phases from each other, and wherein the vertical channel region has a first width in a second direction parallel to the main surface and the first section has a second width in the second direction, the first width being narrower than the second width.

US Pat. No. 10,461,184

TRANSISTOR HAVING REDUCED GATE-INDUCED DRAIN-LEAKAGE CURRENT

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of forming a semiconductor device, the method comprising:forming a semiconductor fin that extends vertically from a first source or drain (S/D) region of the semiconductor device, the semiconductor fin comprising a first type of semiconductor material having a first band gap;
converting an upper portion of the semiconductor fin into a second semiconductor material having a second band gap that is greater than the first band gap; and
forming a second S/D region on the second semiconductor material so that the second semiconductor material is interposed between a non-converted portion of the semiconductor fin and the second S/D region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,180

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a first conductivity type drift region formed on a semiconductor substrate;
a gate trench portion provided reaching from an upper surface of the semiconductor substrate to an inner part of the semiconductor substrate and provided extending in a predetermined extending direction from the upper surface;
a first mesa portion being in direct contact with one of two side walls of the gate trench portion;
a second mesa portion being in direct contact with an opposite side of the one of two side walls of the gate trench portion;
a first conductivity type accumulation region having doping concentration higher than that in the drift region, which is provided being in direct contact with the gate trench portion above the drift region;
a second conductivity type base region provided being in direct contact with the gate trench portion above the accumulation region;
a first conductivity type emitter region having doping concentration higher than that in the drift region, which is provided on the upper surface of the semiconductor substrate such that it is in direct contact with the one of two side walls of the gate trench portion in at least the first mesa portion; and
an electrically floating second conductivity type floating region provided below the base region in the second mesa portion and at a position shallower than a bottom of the gate trench portion.

US Pat. No. 10,461,179

DEVICES HAVING A SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL THAT IS SEMIMETAL IN BULK AND METHODS OF FORMING THE SAME

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method comprising:forming an isolation region in a substrate, wherein the isolation region is between a first and second region of the substrate, and wherein at least a portion of the isolation region is configured to extend from a top surface of the substrate;
forming a first highly doped source/drain contact region in the first region of the substrate and a second highly doped source/drain contact region in the second region of the substrate;
forming a first gate electrode over the first highly doped source/drain contact region;
forming a second gate electrode over the second highly doped source/drain contact region;
forming a first opening through the first gate electrode and to the first highly doped source/drain contact region;
forming a second opening through the second gate electrode and to the second highly doped source/drain contact region;
depositing a first bismuth-containing semiconductor material in the first opening to form a first bismuth-containing channel structure, the first bismuth-containing channel structure being connected to the first highly doped source/drain contact region;
depositing a second bismuth-containing semiconductor material in the second opening to form a second bismuth-containing channel structure, the second bismuth-containing channel structure being connected to the second highly doped source/drain contact region;
forming a third source/drain contact region over and connected to the first bismuth-containing channel structure;
forming a fourth source/drain contact region over and connected to the second bismuth-containing channel structure;
forming a dielectric layer over the third source/drain contact region and the fourth source/drain contact region; and
crystallizing the first and second bismuth-containing semiconductor materials, the crystallizing comprising performing an anneal.

US Pat. No. 10,461,177

CONFINED EPITAXIAL REGIONS FOR SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND METHODS OF FABRICATING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES HAVING CONFINED EPITAXIAL REGIONS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An integrated circuit structure, comprising:a semiconductor fin above and continuous with a semiconductor substrate, the semiconductor fin comprising a channel region having an uppermost surface;
an isolation structure above the semiconductor substrate and adjacent to lower portions of the semiconductor fin, wherein an upper portion of the semiconductor fin protrudes above an uppermost surface of the isolation structure;
epitaxial source or drain regions adjacent to the channel region in the upper portion of the semiconductor fin, wherein the epitaxial source or drain regions have substantially vertical sidewalls, and wherein the epitaxial source and drain regions do not extend laterally over the isolation structure, wherein the epitaxial source and drain regions have an uppermost surface above the uppermost surface of the channel of the semiconductor fin, and wherein the epitaxial source or drain regions have a bottom surface below the uppermost surface of the isolation structure; and
a gate electrode over the channel region of the semiconductor fin.

US Pat. No. 10,461,176

FINFET DEVICE INCLUDING A STEM REGION OF A FIN ELEMENT

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A fin-type field effect transistor (finFET) device, comprising:a substrate;
a fin disposed on the substrate, wherein the fin includes a passive region, a stem region overlying the passive region, and an active region overlying the stem region, wherein the stem region has a first width and the active region has a second width, the first width being less than the second width; and wherein the stem region has a first composition and the active region has a second composition, the second composition being different than the first composition, and wherein the first composition is an oxide;
a gate structure disposed on the active region, the gate structure including a gate electrode physically contacting the first composition of oxide of the stem region; and
a source region and a drain region adjacent the gate structure, wherein the first composition of oxide of the stem region extends under a bottommost edge of at least one of the source region or the drain region.

US Pat. No. 10,461,174

VERTICAL FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTORS WITH SELF ALIGNED GATE AND SOURCE/DRAIN CONTACTS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of forming a semiconductor device, the method comprising:forming a bottom source or drain (S/D) layer on a substrate;
forming a bottom spacer layer on the bottom S/D layer;
forming a vertical transistor channel on the bottom S/D layer, the vertical transistor channel passing through the bottom spacer layer;
forming a high-k metal gate layer on sides of the vertical transistor channel and above the bottom S/D layer;
forming a gate spacer on sides of the vertical transistor channel and on top of the high-k metal gate layer;
removing portions of the high-k metal gate layer with a timed etch;
covering the high-k metal gate layer, the vertical transistor channel and bottom S/D layer with an interlayer dielectric (ILD);
forming with a non-self-aligned contact (SAC) etch a bottom S/D recess through the ILD to expose the bottom S/D layer, the etch removing at least portion of the gate spacer and the high-k metal gate layer;
forming a bottom S/D contact spacer on sides of the bottom S/D recess; and
forming a bottom S/D contact in the bottom S/D recess.

US Pat. No. 10,461,167

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A semiconductor device, comprising:a first transistor on a substrate; and
a second transistor on the substrate,
wherein each of the first and second transistors includes,
a plurality of semiconductor patterns vertically stacked on the substrate and vertically spaced apart from each other, and
a gate dielectric pattern and a work function pattern filling a space between the semiconductor patterns, wherein
the work function pattern of the first transistor includes a first work function metal layer,
the work function pattern of the second transistor includes the first work function metal layer and a second work function metal layer,
the first work function metal layer of each of the first and second transistors has a work function greater than that of the second work function metal layer, and
the first transistor has a threshold voltage less than that of the second transistor.

US Pat. No. 10,461,164

COMPOUND SEMICONDUCTOR FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR WITH SELF-ALIGNED GATE

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A compound semiconductor field effect transistor (FET), comprising:gallium nitride (GaN) and alloy material layers;
a pair of L-shaped contacts on the GaN and alloy material layers;
a pair of gate spacers between the pair of L-shaped contacts and on the GaN and alloy material layers, each of the pair of gate spacers contacting one of the pair of L-shaped contacts; and
a base gate between the pair of gate spacers and on the GaN and alloy material layers, in which the pair of L-shaped contacts is self-aligned with the base gate, and in which the pair of L-shaped contacts comprises a planar portion on a GaN cap layer of the GaN and alloy material layers and an orthogonal portion on the GaN cap layer and in contact with sidewalls of the pair of gate spacers, the orthogonal portion of the pair of L-shaped contacts extending toward a coplanar surface of the base gate and the pair of gate spacers, distal from the GaN cap layer of the GaN and alloy material layers.

US Pat. No. 10,461,163

THREE-DIMENSIONAL MEMORY DEVICE WITH THICKENED WORD LINES IN TERRACE REGION AND METHOD OF MAKING THEREOF

SANDISK TECHNOLOGIES LLC,...

1. A three-dimensional memory device comprising:an alternating stack of insulating layers and electrically conductive layers located over a substrate, wherein each of the electrically conductive layers has a respective first thickness in a memory array region and a respective second thickness that is greater than the respective first thickness in a stepped terrace region;
memory stack structures located in the memory array region and vertically extending through the alternating stack, wherein each of the memory stack structures comprises a memory film and a vertical semiconductor channel; and
contact via structures located in the terrace region and contacting a respective one of the electrically conductive layers.