US Pat. No. 11,110,774

VEHICLE AIR-CONDITIONING DEVICE USING SEMICONDUCTOR AS COOLING CORE


1. A vehicle air-conditioning device, comprising at least one thermoelectric cooling chip, a cooling circulator, a heat dissipation device, and a power-supplying and temperature-controlling device,wherein the at least one thermoelectric cooling chip has a cooling end and a heating end, the at least one thermoelectric cooling chip having an electricity receiving end electrically connected to the power-supplying and temperature-controlling device to receive electricity therefrom to be energized so as to have the cooling end forming a cold generating surface and the heating end that is opposite to the cold generating surface forming a heat generating surface, the cold generating surface being arranged adjacent to the cooling circulator, and the heat generating surface being adjacent to the heat dissipation device,
wherein the cooling circulator comprises a tube-winding circulation box, a temperature-receiving water tank, a temperature-receiving conducting plate, a cooling-side fan, and an assistive temperature transferring device, wherein the tube-winding circulation box has a surface on which temperature-reduction conducting fins are distributed and the assistive temperature transferring device comprises an electric water pump, wherein the temperature-receiving water tank is connected, through piping in a circulating manner, to the tube-winding circulation box and the temperature-receiving water tank is stacked under the cold generating surface of the at least one thermoelectric cooling chip in such a way that the temperature-receiving conducting plate is stacked between the temperature-receiving water tank and the cold generating surface of the at least one thermoelectric cooling chip and is in direct contact with the temperature-receiving water tank and the cold generating surface of the at least one thermoelectric cooling chip, and wherein the cooling-side fan is arranged on a peripheral area of the temperature-reduction conducting fins, such that the cooling-side fan drives air toward a vehicle interior by having the air flowing and circulating through the tube-winding circulation box that is internally provided with the temperature-reduction conducting fins, and wherein the electric water pump is mounted, at a predetermined location, to piping of the tube-winding circulation box that circulates a pumped flow back to the temperature-receiving water tank;
wherein the heat dissipation device comprises a heat-dissipating fan arranged in an engine compartment of a vehicle and arranged adjacent to or on the heat generating surface of the at least one thermoelectric chip and an air filter screen arranged frontward of the heat-dissipating fan, and the power-supplying and temperature-controlling device has a power supplying output terminal electrically connected to the thermoelectric cooling chip and a power input terminal electrically connected to a power supply of the vehicle, a main control interface device comprising a panel on which a power-on switch, a temperature increasing/decreasing control switch, and a constant-temperature control switch are provided for setting a predetermined fixed temperature or for controlling increasing and decreasing of temperature to thereby achieve a predetermined temperature inside a vehicle compartment through the heat dissipation device and the cooling circulator;
wherein the temperature-receiving water tank is in direct contact with the temperature-receiving conducting plate that is in turn in direct contact with the cold generating surface of the at least one thermoelectric cooling chip such that heat is transferred between the temperature-receiving water tank and the cold generating surface of the at least one thermoelectric cooling chip by means of heat conduction through the temperature-receiving conducting plate.

US Pat. No. 11,110,773

SEAT AIR-CONDITIONING DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...


1. A seat air-conditioning device provided in a compartment of a vehicle which supplies air generated by a blower to a seated passenger, comprising:a pad wrapped in a skin, and
a ventilation sheet which is formed in a plate shape and supplies air to the seated passenger, wherein
the pad has an internal space,
the ventilation sheet is disposed in the internal space,
the internal space includes a first space and a second space through which the air passes,
the first space includes a seating side opening communicated to an external space of the pad on the side of the seated passenger,
the second space is communicated to the first space and to the blower in the external space of the pad,
a groove connected to a wall surface surrounding the second space is formed in a wall surrounding the first space in the pad,
the ventilation sheet has a plurality of straight tubes that are arranged side by side in a predetermined direction,
each of the plurality of straight tubes extends along a direction intersecting the predetermined direction,
the ventilation sheet has a seat ventilation passage which is an internal space of each of the plurality of straight tubes, a first seat opening formed in each of the plurality of straight tubes and connected to each of the seating side opening and the seat ventilation passage, and a second seat opening formed in each of the plurality of straight tubes and connected to each of the seat ventilation passage and the second space,
the groove extends in the predetermined direction, and
the air diffuses in the predetermined direction by flowing through a space surrounded by the groove so as to flow into the corresponding second seat opening.

US Pat. No. 11,110,772

THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...


1. A thermal management system for a vehicle, the thermal management system comprising:a battery line connected to a battery core, mounted with a first radiator, and configured to make cooling water flow therein by a first pump;
an indoor heating line connected to a heating core for indoor air conditioning, mounted with a water heating heater therein, and mounted with a second pump to make cooling water flow therein;
a first battery heating line and a second battery heating line branched from a first valve mounted at a downstream point of the heating core of the indoor heating line and connected to an upstream point and a downstream point of the battery core of the battery line, respectively; and
a refrigerant line mounted with a first expansion valve, a cooling core for indoor air conditioning, a compressor, and an air-cooled condenser.

US Pat. No. 11,110,771

WHEEL AXLE FOR A COMBINE HARVESTER

AGCO Corporation, Duluth...


1. A wheel axle for a combine harvester having a frame and at least one wheel suspension, the wheel suspension comprising:a first body connected to the frame;
a distribution bar having a first end and an opposed second end, said distribution bar being pivotally mounted to the first body at a midpoint of the distribution bar between the first and second ends of the distribution bar;
a lift link pivotally connected to the frame, wherein the first end of the distribution bar is pivotally connected to a first end of the lift link;
a push link, wherein the second end of the distribution bar is pivotally connected to a first end of the push link; and
a wheel carrier defining a wheel axis for a ground-contacting element to be mounted to the wheel carrier, wherein opposed second ends of the respective lift link and push link are pivotally coupled with the wheel carrier, such that the wheel carrier and wheel axis are adjustable relative to the frame, wherein the first body comprises an actuator having a first end mounted to the frame, and wherein the distribution bar is pivotally mounted to the second end of the actuator.

US Pat. No. 11,110,770

ELECTRONICALLY CONTROLLED SUSPENSION CONTROL SYSTEM OF VEHICLE USING ROAD SURFACE INFORMATION AND CONTROL METHOD USING THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...


1. An electronically controlled suspension control system of a vehicle, the electronically controlled suspension control system comprising:a road surface recognition unit configured to recognize a road surface disposed in front of the vehicle;
a road surface profile determination unit configured to determine a profile of the road surface using information as to the road surface recognized by the road surface recognition unit;
a behavior estimation and determination unit configured to estimate and determine a value of behavior of the vehicle according to the profile of the road surface determined by the road surface profile determination unit;
a behavior information recording unit configured to pre-store information as to values of behaviors of the vehicle;
an electronically controlled suspension (ECS) control unit configured to control a suspension of the vehicle; and
a behavior determination and control unit connected to the behavior estimation and determination unit, the behavior information recording unit and the electronically controlled suspension (ECS) control unit,
wherein the behavior determination and control unit is configured to compare a determined value from the behavior estimation and determination unit with pre-stored values of the behavior information recording unit, and configured to determine a behavior level of the vehicle, based on results of the comparison, and to send a control command according to a determined behavior level to the ECS control unit to control the suspension of the vehicle, and
wherein the behavior information recording unit stores impulses and pitch rates according to different vehicle speeds through real vehicle experiments or simulations, in association with expected vehicle behaviors according to predetermined kinds of speed bumps.

US Pat. No. 11,110,769

DISTRIBUTED ACTIVE SUSPENSION SYSTEM WITH AN ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN PUMP AND VALVE CONTROLLED HYDRAULIC PUMP BYPASS FLOW PATH

ClearMotion, Inc., Bille...


1. A method of operating a shock absorber, including a first volume and a second volume, of a suspension system, wherein a bidirectional hydraulic machine and an electric machine of the shock absorber are at least partially disposed in a housing, the method comprising:driving the bidirectional hydraulic machine with the electric machine to produce a pressure differential between a first port and a second port of the bidirectional hydraulic machine;
transferring fluid from the first volume and/or the second volume to a pressurized reservoir;
transferring fluid from the pressurized reservoir to at least one of the first volume and/or the second volume;
dynamically controlling with the bidirectional hydraulic machine, based on road conditions, a first fluid flow between the first port and the first volume and/or dynamically controlling with the bidirectional hydraulic machine, based on road conditions, a second fluid flow between the second port and the second volume; and
operating at least one valve to selectively control fluid communication of the pressurized reservoir with the first volume and the second volume.

US Pat. No. 11,110,768

DAMPER MOUNT

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...


1. A damper mount configured to be interposed between a damper of a wheel suspension device and a vehicle body, comprising:an annular outer member configured to be fixed to the vehicle body;
an annular inner member configured to be fixed to the damper, one of the outer member and the inner member being received in another of the outer member and the inner member;
a first magneto-elastic member radially interposed between the inner member and the outer member; and
a coil configured to apply a magnetic flux to the first magneto-elastic member,
wherein the inner member includes a tubular portion configured to receive a bolt of the damper therein and a pair of radial flanges extending radially from the tubular portion in an axially spaced apart relationship, the first magneto-elastic member consisting of two parts each radially interposed between an outer peripheral part of a corresponding one of the flanges and an opposing inner circumferential surface of the outer member, and wherein the coil is wound around a part of the tubular portion located axially between the flanges, the inner member and the outer member being made of high magnetic permeability material,
the damper mount further comprising a support member fixedly connected to the vehicle body and axially opposing the flanges, and a second magneto-elastic member axially interposed between the support member and the opposing flange.

US Pat. No. 11,110,767

SUPPORT BEARING OF A VIBRATION DAMPER IN A WHEEL SUSPENSION OF A VEHICLE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...


1. A supporting bearing of a vibration damper or a damper/spring unit in a wheel suspension system of a vehicle, comprising:a supporting bearing flange which is supported on and fastened in a non-positive manner to a vehicle body structure of the vehicle, wherein
the supporting bearing flange engages around an annular elastomer element, in which an element of the vibration damper is suspendable, and
the supporting bearing flange penetrates a passage opening in the vehicle body structure with a circularly annular collar which forms a hollow cylinder and a cylinder axis of which coincides at least approximately with a longitudinal axis of the vibration damper;
a supporting bearing nut or a supporting bearing cover configured as a union nut is screwable onto a thread which is provided on an outer wall of said collar, wherein
the supporting bearing nut or supporting bearing cover draws the supporting bearing flange toward the vehicle body structure in a manner which is supported on the vehicle body structure, wherein an edge ring section of the vehicle body structure that surrounds the passage opening is clamped in between the supporting bearing flange and the supporting bearing nut or the supporting bearing cover;
the collar has a shape which increases its elasticity in the direction of the longitudinal axis of the thread and/or an auxiliary clamping element is clamped in between the supporting bearing nut and the vehicle body structure, wherein the elasticity-increasing shape of the collar and the auxiliary clamping element increase a prestressing force in the threaded connection between the supporting bearing nut and the collar;
the elasticity-increasing shape of the collar is formed by way of a plurality of segments and a plurality of sectors with a reduced wall thickness in comparison with a respective adjoining wall section, wherein the plurality of segments are disposed in a region of the thread of the collar and wherein the plurality of sectors are disposed in a transition region between the collar and an annular basic structure of the supporting bearing flange from which the collar protrudes or in the annular basic structure; and
the auxiliary clamping element has an annular flange which lies on the vehicle body structure and a hollow-cylindrical force transmission section which adjoins said annular flange directly or indirectly, extends in a direction of the longitudinal axis of the thread toward the supporting bearing nut or toward the supporting bearing cover, and has a diameter which is smaller than an external diameter or a mean diameter of the annular flange.

US Pat. No. 11,110,766

MOTOR VEHICLE WHEEL SUSPENSION

Ford Global Technologies,...


1. A motor vehicle wheel suspension comprising:an elastic element, the stiffness of which in a vertical direction of deflection has a softer stiffness characteristic in a deflection range close to a zero point than in deflection ranges more remote from the zero point, wherein the deflection follows a first stiffness curve with a first zero point stiffness in the deflection range close to the zero point, and wherein the stiffness transitions to a second stiffness curve in the deflection ranges remote from the zero point, said second stiffness curve corresponding substantially to a stiffness curve with a higher zero point stiffness; and
wherein the first stiffness curve has a stiffness of no more than 400 N/mm based on a zero point deflection of 0.75 mm in both directions.

US Pat. No. 11,110,765

SUSPENSION SPRING SADDLE

Mahindra N.A. Tech Center...


1. A suspension interconnection assembly for a vehicle including a spring and an axle housing having a peripheral wall, the suspension interconnection assembly comprising:a first saddle bracket comprising a first base, a pair of first arms being spaced apart and having the first base disposed therebetween, and a pair of first shoulders, each first shoulder being disposed between the first base and a respective first arm and having a first beveled surface, the pair of first shoulders cooperating with the first base and the pair of first arms to at least partially define a first U-shaped pocket;
a second saddle bracket comprising a second base, a pair of second arms being spaced apart and having the second base disposed therebetween, and a pair of second shoulders, each second shoulder being disposed between the second base and a respective second arm and having a second beveled surface, the pair of second shoulders cooperating with the second base and the pair of second arms to at least partially define a second U-shaped pocket, the first U-shaped pocket and the second U-shaped pocket being sized to partially receive the axle housing; and
a fastener interconnecting the first saddle bracket and the second saddle bracket to couple the first saddle bracket, the second saddle bracket, and the spring to the axle housing, the first beveled surfaces being adapted to operatively engage the peripheral wall and the second beveled surfaces being adapted to operatively engage the peripheral wall, wherein the pair of first arms is adapted to directly engage the pair of second arms after the first beveled surfaces and second beveled surfaces operatively engage the peripheral wall.

US Pat. No. 11,110,763

TOW BAR QUICK-RELEASE MECHANISM

Government of the United ...


1. A tow bar quick-release assembly comprising:an elongated locking beam;
a tow bar retention arm adapted to be moved to a locked position, wherein when in the locked position a tow ring of a tow bar assembly of an armored vehicle is positioned around the elongated locking beam and the tow bar retention arm prevents removal of the tow ring from the elongated locking beam;
a quick-release locking pin adapted to be inserted into the elongated locking beam and inserted at least partially into the tow bar retention arm to prevent the tow bar retention arm moving from the locked position to an open position, and wherein when the tow bar retention arm is in the open position the tow ring may be removed from the elongated locking beam;
a quick-release safety pin adapted to be connected to the quick-release locking pin to prevent the quick-release locking pin from being removed from the tow bar retention arm without applying a threshold amount of force to the quick-release safety pin; and
a compression spring mounted within the elongated locking beam adapted to push the quick-release locking pin away from the tow bar retention arm.

US Pat. No. 11,110,762

TRAILER HITCH GUIDE ADAPTOR

Klintfax Design IVS, Gil...


1. A trailer hitch guide adaptor for a trailer tongue coupler, comprising:a mounting plate configured for attachment to the trailer tongue coupler, the mounting plate having a mounting plate upper-surface and a mounting plate front-end;
a pair of guide plates, each of the guide plates attached below the mounting plate, each of the guide plates having a guide plate front-end and a guide plate back-end, wherein the guide plates are angled relative to each other, whereby each of the guide plate back-ends converge towards each other and towards an intersection line, and wherein the guide plate back-ends are connected to each other at or around the intersection line to form a single-piece guiding-structure; and
a third guide plate extending outwards from the mounting plate front-end, the third guide plate having a third guide plate upper surface, wherein the third guide plate upper surface defines an obtuse angle relative to the mounting plate upper surface, such that a hitch ball is able to be guided towards the mounting plate front-end via the third guide plate, and/or from below the mounting plate and towards the guide plate back ends via one of the guide plates attached below the mounting plate; and
a reinforcement plate attached to the third guide plate upper surface, the reinforcement plate having a reinforcement plate lower surface and a reinforcement plate front-end being attached to the third guide plate upper surface, such that the reinforcement lower plate surface is parallel to the mounting plate upper surface, wherein the mounting plate and the reinforcement plate are mechanically coupled to each other, thereby reinforcing the attachment of the third guide plate to the mounting plate.

US Pat. No. 11,110,761

TYRE CHANGING MACHINE

NEXION S.P.A., Correggio...


8. A machine, configured to remove and mount a tyre from and on a respective rim of a vehicle wheel, comprising an operating arm directed along a longitudinal orientation, the operating arm including:a head supported by the operating arm;
a first tool and a second tool;
the first tool is connected to the head and projects in a first direction, the first direction being directed along an orientation transverse to the longitudinal orientation;
the second tool is connected to the head and, in a first operating configuration of the head, is disposed in a first position where it projects in a second direction, opposite to the first direction, wherein the second tool is pivoted to the head to rotate about an axis of tilt transverse to the longitudinal orientation to move from the first position to a second position, corresponding to a second operating configuration of the head and tilted upside down relative to the first position, to project in the first direction, comprising a locking pin coupled to the second tool and movable between an extracted position where it does not interfere with the movement of the second tool between the first and second positions, and an inserted position where it prevents movements of the second tool relative to the head.

US Pat. No. 11,110,760

SYSTEMS AND METHODOLOGIES FOR CAPTURING TIRE TEMPERATURES WITH A TEMPERATURE SENSING INSTRUMENT

Fresnel Technologies, Inc...


6. In combination with a temperature measuring instrument that communicates wirelessly with a mobile technology platform, a software program installed on said a tangible memory device associated with said mobile technology platform which operates in conjunction with said temperature measuring instrument to capture temperature readings sensed by said plurality of temperature probes, said software containing suitable programming instructions which, when executed by at least one computer processor, perform the steps of(a) receiving input from a user of said mobile technology platform, said input specifying data for a tire temperature measurement record in which captured temperature readings will be stored, said data including(i) vehicle identification data which uniquely identifies a vehicle,
(ii) a set of tires associated with said vehicle and from which temperature readings will be captured,
(iii) tire identification data for each member of said set of tires which uniquely identifies that member,
(iv) a track on which the vehicle will be driven and at which the temperature readings will be captured, and
(v) a driver identification of a driver who will operate the vehicle on said track,

(b) creating a tire temperature measurement record from said user input,
(c) capturing temperature readings from said plurality of temperature probes after said plurality of temperature probes are placed into contact with the external surface of at least one member of said set of tires,
(d) adding each captured temperature reading to the tire temperature measurement record such that each captured temperature reading is associated with the member from the set of tires from which the reading was captured, and
(e) in response to user input on said mobile technology platform, displaying an image of a vehicle with a summary of temperature readings captured for that vehicle.

US Pat. No. 11,110,759

OPTIMISATION OF WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS OF A TYRE-PRESSURE-MONITORING SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Continental Automotive Fr...


1. A method for adjusting the reaction time of wireless communications between a tire pressure monitoring system of a motor vehicle and a smart device of a user of said motor vehicle, said tire pressure monitoring system comprising a plurality of units including a central unit and a plurality of wheel units, said communications taking place between said units of said tire pressure monitoring system and said smart device by means of ultra high frequency signals in which, in a given period, phases permitting the activation of two-way communications alternate with standby phases, said method comprising:when the smart device is located in a first area of the environment of the vehicle and approaches the vehicle, the central unit sets the period of wireless communications between the units of the tire pressure monitoring system and with the smart device to a first given value;
when the smart device is located in a second area of the environment of the vehicle, nearer to the vehicle than the first area, the central unit establishes a connection using two-way wireless communications between said central unit and the smart device, and:if the smart device is moving in the second area, the central unit sets the period of wireless communications between the wheel units of the tire pressure monitoring system and the smart device to a second given value, lower than the first given value; or
if the smart device is stationary in the second area for a period that exceeds a specified threshold, the central unit causes the wheel units of the tire pressure monitoring system to switch to a standby phase only.


US Pat. No. 11,110,758

SYSTEM FOR MONITORING THE INFLATION PRESSURE OF THE TIRES OF AN AIRCRAFT

SAFRAN LANDING SYSTEMS, ...


1. A system for monitoring an inflation pressure of tires of an aircraft comprising:a pressure sensor carried by each of a plurality of wheel rims of the aircraft and delivering an inflation pressure for each of the tires mounted on these rims,
an energy autonomous management module including a battery and ensuring conversion of different tire inflation pressures into values used by a display device making the different tire inflation pressures available to a pilot or a maintenance operator,
wherein the energy autonomous management module is distributed in each of a plurality of aircraft wheel covers and configured to communicate with the pressure sensor via a short-distance wireless communication link and to ensure a transmission of the tire inflation pressure coming from the pressure sensor towards the display device via a medium-range wireless communication link, and wherein the battery is rechargeable or non-rechargeable, and configured to provide a power supply to both the energy autonomous management module and the pressure sensor via the short-distance wireless communication link;
wherein the energy autonomous management module further includesa short-distance wireless communication unite associated with an antenna for receiving data coming from the pressure sensor,
a processing unit for shaping said data,
a medium-ran e wireless communication unite associated with an antenna for transferring a set of data thus collected to the display device.


US Pat. No. 11,110,757

METHOD FOR LOCATING A POSITION OF EACH WHEEL OF A MOTOR VEHICLE ASSOCIATED WITH AN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Continental Automotive Fr...


1. A method for locating a position of each wheel of a motor vehicle comprising wheels each equipped with an electronic device which integrates at least one sensor for an operating parameter correlating to a rotation of the associated wheel, and an emitter transmitting values of said at least one operating parameter to a central unit, a wheel speed sensor for each wheel which supplies data representative of the rotation of the associated wheel to the central unit, said location method comprising:for each electronic device, at least two sequences of several acquisitions of said at least one parameter are performed, which are then transmitted by the electronic device to the central unit by formation of a signal correlating to the rotation of the associated wheel for said at least two sequences, with simultaneous acquisition by the central unit of data representative of the rotation transmitted by each wheel speed sensor by formation of a signal associated with each wheel speed sensor acquired during each of said at least two sequences,
a pairing is performed of the signal correlating to the wheel rotation for the electronic device for said at least two sequences with each of the signals associated with each of the wheel speed sensors,
for each pair, a phase offset is measured between the signal correlating with the rotation of the wheel associated with the electronic device and the signal associated with each wheel speed sensor, and
when a constant phase offset varying within a predefined calibratable range is measured in the pairs of said at least two sequences with the signal associated with the wheel speed sensor, while the other pairs with the signals associated with the other wheel speed sensors have a greater or variable phase offset, the electronic device associated with said at least one signal correlating with the rotation of the wheel is identified as being assigned to the wheel associated with the wheel speed sensor which emitted the signal of the wheel speed sensor having a constant phase difference from the signal of the electronic device,
the method being continued for associating a wheel of the vehicle to each electronic device.

US Pat. No. 11,110,756

PNEUMATIC TIRE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SAME

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...


1. A pneumatic tire comprising:a tread portion provided with a land portion having a top surface for contacting with the ground,
the land portion having a first side surface extending radially inwardly from a first axial edge of the top surface, and a second side surface extending radially inwardly from a second axial edge of the top surface,
the land portion provided with a conductive portion made of a conductive rubber,
the conductive portion having a radially outer end exposed in said top surface, and a radially inner end electrically connected to a conductive internal structure of the tire which is to be electrically connected to a wheel rim when the tire is mounted on the wheel rim,
wherein
in a cross section of the land portion taken along a plane including the rotational axis of the tire,
the conductive portion inclines to the first side surface of the land portion toward the radially outer end from the radially inner end of the conductive portion, so that the radially outer end of the conductive portion is closer to the first axial edge than the second axial edge,
the first side surface comprises a radially inner part and a radially outer part extending from the radially inner part to the first axial edge while inclining to the conductive portion at an inclination angle being larger than an inclination angle of the radially inner part,
the land portion is a circumferentially continuous rib,
a top surface of the land portion is provided with:first center lug grooves extending from the first axial edge toward the conductive portion and terminating without intersecting the conductive portion in the top surface of the land portion, and
second center lug grooves extending from the second axial edge toward the conductive portion and terminating without intersecting the conductive portion in the top surface of the land portion,

the first center lug grooves and the second center lug grooves are inclined in the same direction with respect to the tire axial direction, and
the first center lug grooves have a length, and the second center lug grooves have a length greater than the length of the first center lug grooves.

US Pat. No. 11,110,755

TREAD WEAR PROFILE TOOL

Bridgestone Americas Tire...


1. A tread wear profile tool for determining wear of a tire, comprising:a body having:a substantially planar shape,
at least one groove index member extending distally from the body,wherein the at least one groove index member includes at least one traction element wear gauge,

at least one traction element measurement member oriented on a distal edge of the body, and
a distal profile;

a tire having:a tread having a radially outer profile, the tread having at least one groove, at least one traction element, and two shoulders; and

wherein:the distal profile of the body is a negative of the radially outer profile of the tread.


US Pat. No. 11,110,754

TREAD BLOCK ARRANGEMENT HAVING A SIPE

Nokian Renkaat Oyj, Noki...


1. A tread block arrangement suitable for a tire or for a tread band for a tire, the tread block arrangement comprising:a tread block that limits a first primary sipe, the first primary sipe comprising at least a first deep part and a second deep part separated from the first deep part by a first shallow part,

whereina depth of the first deep part is at least three times a depth of the first shallow part,
a depth of the second deep part is at least three times the depth of the first shallow part,
the tread block arrangement defines a primary boundary and a central line which is parallel to the primary boundary,
a second shallow part of the first primary sipe is located closer to the primary boundary than the first shallow part,
the second shallow part is located further away from the central line than the first shallow part,
the first shallow part has a first primary length on a level of a bottom of the first shallow part, and
the second shallow part has a second primary length on a level of a bottom of the second shallow part,

whereinthe second primary length is greater than the first primary length,
the first deep part is limited in a longitudinal direction of the first primary sipe by a primary first end wall and a secondary first end wall such that a first angle between the primary first end wall and the secondary first end wall is from 1 degree to 30 degrees, and
the second deep part is limited in a longitudinal direction of the first primary sipe by a primary second end wall and a secondary second end wall such that a second angle between the primary second end wall and the secondary second end wall is from 1 degree to 30 degrees.

US Pat. No. 11,110,753

PNEUMATIC TIRE

The Yokohama Rubber Co., ...


1. A pneumatic tire having an asymmetrical tread pattern on both sides of a tire center line and a designated vehicle mounting direction, the pneumatic tire comprising:in a tread portion,
a plurality of main grooves extending in a tire circumferential direction;
a plurality of ribs defined by the main grooves, including a center rib disposed on a tire center line;
and a plurality of sipes that extend in a tire lateral direction in each rib of the plurality of ribs, the plurality of sipes including sipes in a ground contact region on a vehicle mounting inner side and sipes in a ground contact region on a vehicle mounting outer side;
each sipe of the plurality of sipes comprising a leading-side edge and a trailing-side edge, each leading-side edge and each trailing-side edge being provided with only a single chamfered portion, the chamfered portion having a length shorter than a length of the each sipe, and being provided with only a single non-chamfered region, where the chamfered portion of the leading-side edge is not disposed in an area opposite the chamfered portion of the trailing-side edge, the chamfered portion of the leading-side edge and the chamfered portion of the trailing-side edge comprising chamfered portions of the each sipe;
the each sipe in the center rib having one end opening in one of the main grooves on the vehicle mounting inner side and the other end terminating in the center rib without reaching the tire center line;
the each sipe having a maximum depth x (mm) and the chamfered portion having a maximum depth y (mm) that satisfy a relationship represented by x×0.1?y?x×0.3+1.0;
the each sipe having a constant width in a range from an end portion of the chamfered portion positioned inward in a tire radial direction to a groove bottom of the sipe; and
the plurality of sipes being configured so that an inner side total groove area ratio of the chamfered portions of the sipes included in the ground contact region on the vehicle mounting inner side and of the sipes included in the ground contact region on the vehicle mounting inner side is greater than an outer side total groove area ratio of the chamfered portions of the sipes included in the ground contact region on the vehicle mounting outer side and of the sipes included in the ground contact region on the vehicle mounting outer side, the inner side total groove area ratio being with respect to a total ground contact area of the ground contact region on the vehicle mounting inner side of the tread portion and the outer side total groove area ratio being with respect to a total ground contact area of the ground contact region on the vehicle mounting outer side of the tread portion.

US Pat. No. 11,110,752

WINTER TYRE

PIRELLI TYRE S.P.A., Mil...


1. A winter tyre, comprising a tread band wherein a plurality of blocks is defined, at least some of said blocks comprising at least one sipe extending from a top portion of the block towards a bottom portion of the block, wherein said at least one sipe defines two adjacent block portions in the block, each of said two block portions comprising a surface facing said at least one sipe, said surface comprising:a radially outer portion having a first profile which is substantially undulating;
a radially inner portion having a second profile which is substantially undulating; and
an intermediate portion arranged between said radially outer portion and said radially inner portion and having a third profile which is substantially rectilinear;

whereinsaid intermediate portion defines a reference plane substantially coinciding with a radial plane of the tyre,
said first profile and second profile are defined by a plurality of concave and convex portions arranged in an alternating sequence along a direction parallel to a longitudinal direction of said at least one sipe, and each of the concave and convex portions of the second profile comprises:a radially outer surface portion,
a radially inner surface portion, and
an intermediate surface portion arranged between said radially outer surface portion and said radially inner surface portion, wherein said intermediate surface portion is substantially parallel to said reference plane in any transversal section of the sipe,

in any transversal section of the sipe, each intermediate surface portion of each concave and convex surface portion is substantially rectilinear, and
at a crest of each concave and convex surface portion, the intermediate surface portion is spaced apart from said reference plane.

US Pat. No. 11,110,751

TIRE TREAD COMPRISING CUTOUTS OF DIFFERENT DEPTHS

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...


1. A tread of a tire adapted to be fitted to an off-road vehicle, this tread having;a tread surface which is adapted to come into contact with the ground when the tire is running,
a total width and a total thickness of wearable material at least equal to 60 mm,
this tread being delimited axially by shoulder regions, each shoulder region having a width comprised between 15% and 35% of the total width of the tread and comprising a plurality of transverse or oblique grooves of depth (P),
said shoulder-region grooves being arranged in the circumferential direction with a mean spacing,
the tread further comprising a central region centered on the equatorial mid-plane and having a narrow groove that occupies the entire width of said central region,
said narrow groove comprising an alternation of first narrow-groove parts and of second narrow-groove parts, said first and second narrow-groove parts being connected to each other by joining regions, a circumferential distance between two circumferentially adjacent joining regions within which a said first narrow groove part and a said second narrow groove part are received is equal to the mean spacing of the shoulder-region grooves,
said tread comprising, between each said shoulder region and the central region, an intermediate region in which there are formed a plurality of oblique or transverse narrow grooves the mean orientation of which makes an angle at most equal to 60 degrees with the axial direction, each of said narrow grooves beginning in a joining region of the narrow groove of the central part and connecting into a transverse or oblique groove formed in one of the shoulders,
wherein the narrow groove of the central part is comprised of first narrow-groove parts of depth (P1) and of second narrow-groove parts of depth (P2), the depth (P1) being greater than the depth (P2), said depths (P1, P2) being less than the depth (P) of the grooves in the shoulder regions, and
wherein the narrow grooves of one same intermediate region comprise, in the circumferential direction, an alternation of said narrow grooves of a first depth (P11) and of narrow grooves of a second depth (P22), said depths (P11, P22) being less than the depth P of the grooves in the shoulder regions.

US Pat. No. 11,110,750

AIRLESS TIRE

Sumitomo Rubber Industrie...


1. An airless tire comprising:a tread ring having a tread,
a hub located radially inside the tread ring, and
cross radial members connecting the tread ring with the hub, wherein
the cross radial members include first radial members each extending from its first radially inner end at the hub to its first radially outer end at the tread ring, and second radial members each extending from its second radially inner end at the hub to its second radially outer end at the tread ring,
the first radially inner ends and the second radially outer ends are positioned on one side in the tire widthwise direction, whereas the second radially inner ends and the first radially outer ends are positioned on the other side in the tire widthwise direction,
the first radially inner ends and the second radially outer ends are positioned only on the one side and not on the other side, and the second radially inner ends and the first radially outer ends are positioned only on the other side and not on the one side, such that adjacent first and second radial members are arranged in a substantially X-shape when viewed from the tire circumferential direction,
each of the cross radial members is curved in a tire meridian section,
a first length measured along the first radial member from the first radially inner end to the first outer end is not less than 110% and not more than 180% of a distance measured in the tire radial direction between the hub and the tread ring, and
the first length is not more than 110% of a first distance between the first radially inner end and the first radially outer end.

US Pat. No. 11,110,749

WHEEL FOR A SUPPORT STRUCTURE


1. A wheel assembly comprising:a plurality of discreet, axially extending curved friction plates for engaging a first side of a spoke structure of a tire;
a first annular rim piece for engaging a rotatable axle; and
a second annular rim piece for engaging the first rim piece, the first rim piece and the second rim piece each having axially extending lugs for engaging opposite ends of the friction plates, each lug of the second rim piece having an axial blind threaded bore for receiving a threaded bolt to secure the tire, the first rim piece, the second rim piece, and the friction plates together.

US Pat. No. 11,110,748

ILLUMINATED VEHICLE DISTRESS SIGN


1. A system for an illuminated vehicle distress sign, comprising:a. a vehicle having a window;
b. a handle assembly, including a body being cylindrical in shape and having an outer surface area, wherein said handle assembly includes a compartment to house batteries therein, wherein said handle assembly further includes a power cable located on a bottom end of said handle assembly, wherein said handle assembly includes a window mount located on a bottom end of said outer surface area of said body, said window mount being a hook shaped member with a first end and a second end, wherein said first end is abuttingly engaged with said outer surface of said body, wherein said hook shaped member has a curved shape wherein the second end is layered and abutting with the first end to form said hook shaped member, wherein said hook shaped member receives an upper top edge of a window for a vehicle, said window being in a rolled up position to engage the hook shaped member with the vehicle and the window;
c. a shaft assembly, including a first shaft integrally mounted to a top end of said handle assembly, wherein said first shaft is cylindrical in shape, wherein said first shaft further includes a first pivot member mounted on a top most end of said first shaft, wherein said shaft assembly further includes a second shaft mounted to said first pivot member, said second shaft extending through said first pivot member and partially protruding therefrom, said second shaft being cylindrical in shape, wherein said second shaft further includes a second pivot member mounted on a top most end of said second shaft, wherein said shaft assembly further includes a third shaft mounted to said second pivot member, said third shaft extending through said second pivot member and partially protruding therefrom, said third shaft being cylindrical in shape, wherein said third shaft further includes a third pivot member mounted to a top most end of said third shaft, wherein said first shaft, said second shaft, and said third shaft all have the same length, wherein said first pivot member, said second pivot member, and said third pivot member being configured to allow a user to adjust the angle of said first shaft, said second shaft, and said third shaft, wherein each of said first, second, and third pivot members each are circular pivot members; and
d. a placard assembly, including a placard being the shape of a rectangular prism, wherein said placard includes a sidewall having a connecting rod protruding thereout, wherein said connecting rod is mounted to said third pivot point of said third shaft, wherein said placard includes a front end and a back end, wherein said front end and said back end includes a plurality of LEDs, wherein said plurality of LEDs are disposed on peripheral edges of said front end and said back end to define a rectangular perimeter, wherein said plurality of LEDs are disposed within a central area of said front end to form an indicia.

US Pat. No. 11,110,747

AXLE BEAM FOR A COMMERCIAL VEHICLE, AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREFOR


1. An axle beam for a motor vehicle comprising:a first axle beam shell;
a second axle beam shell connected to the first axle beam shell to configure a tubular body, the tubular body having an inner circumferential face with a plurality of rectilinear sections which form a non-round cross section of the tubular body; and
a reinforcing component which has a non-round cross section, is inserted within the tubular body, and bears at least partially against the rectilinear sections of the inner circumferential face of the tubular body,
wherein the reinforcing component has an open profile, selected from the group consisting of a U-profile and a W-profile.

US Pat. No. 11,110,746

WORK VEHICLE

KUBOTA CORPORATION, Osak...


1. A work vehicle comprising:a driving rear wheel unit;
a front frame extending in a vehicle body transverse direction;
a pair of left and right pivotal connecting units provided on the front frame;
a caster wheel;
a caster axle; and
a caster bracket connected to the pivotal connecting unit, the caster bracket including:a left side wall that supports a left end portion of the caster axle;
a right side wall that supports a right end portion of the caster axle;
a top wall extending rearwards from the upper side of the caster wheel and interconnecting the left side wall and the right side wall;
a left cover portion configured to prevent contact between grass and the caster axle and being arranged below a front edge of the left side wall and that extends from the left side wall to a left side face of the caster wheel for covering the left side face of the caster axle; and
a right cover portion configured to prevent contact between grass and the caster axle and being arranged below a front edge of the right side wall and that extends from the right side wall to a right side face of the caster wheel for covering the right side face of the caster axle,

wherein all of the left side wall, the right side wall, and the top wall are formed of a single piece,
wherein, when the caster wheel is facing a front travel direction, the top wall, the front edge of the left side wall and the front edge of the right side wall define a U-shaped front open area located behind a forward most portion of the caster wheel, and
wherein the left cover portion is perpendicular to the left side wall and extends orthogonally inward from the left side wall to a left cover portion terminal end, and
wherein the right cover portion is perpendicular to the right side wall and extends orthogonally inward from the right side wall to a right cover portion terminal end.

US Pat. No. 11,110,745

WHEEL FOR A VEHICLE

BOMBARDIER RECREATIONAL P...


1. A wheel for a vehicle, comprising:a rim configured for mounting a tire, the rim comprising a sleeve;
a hub:
a plurality of spokes connecting the hub to the sleeve; and
a rotary drive member integrally connected to the rim and configured to be operatively connected to a motor of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 11,110,744

REMOVABLE WHEEL RETAINER RELEASE ASSEMBLY


1. A molded wheel comprising:a) a hub having a primary bore and a rolling surface concentrically displaced from said hub and wherein said wheel is adapted to mount to an axle;
b) a bushing including an axle sleeve mounted to said primary bore and having an axle bore adapted to contain said axle and wherein said bushing further includes a retainer pin sleeve having a retainer pin bore communicating with said axle bore;
c) a retainer pin having a longitudinal portion and a handle portion transversely projecting from said longitudinal portion, wherein said retainer pin is reciprocally mounted in said retainer pin bore, wherein said retainer pin is supported in a longitudinal slot of said retainer pin sleeve and through which longitudinal slot said handle portion extends, wherein said longitudinal slot comprises a first longitudinal channel portion, a second longitudinal channel portion extending parallel to said first longitudinal channel portion and a transverse channel portion communicating between said first and second longitudinal channel portions, wherein said second longitudinal channel portion permits insertion of said retainer pin into said retainer pin bore and manipulation of said handle portion into said first longitudinal channel portion, and wherein said handle portion projects sufficiently from said longitudinal slot to permit hand manipulation to radially and reciprocally extend and retract a fore end of said retainer pin from said axle bore; and
d) a spring mounted in said retainer pin bore to engage and bias said retainer pin toward said axle bore.

US Pat. No. 11,110,743

BICYCLE HUB STRUCTURE

TIEN HSIN INDUSTRIES CO.,...


1. A bicycle hub structure, comprising:a hub body, comprising a first clutch ring;
a sprocket support body, connecting to the hub body and comprising a second clutch ring, a plurality of first magnets and a magnetic ring, wherein the magnetic ring is disposed on an axial side of the second clutch ring far away from the hub body, and the plurality of first magnets are disposed on a side of the second clutch ring adjacent to the magnetic ring; and
a hub axle, passing through the hub body and the sprocket support body, and having a plurality of bearings disposed between the hub axle and both the hub body and the sprocket support body, wherein
a first torque transmission mechanism is disposed between the second clutch ring and the sprocket support body, and a second torque transmission mechanism is disposed between the first clutch ring and the second clutch ring;
a third torque transmission mechanism is disposed between the first clutch ring and the hub body; and
the sprocket support body comprises a first state and a second state, wherein in the first state, the first magnets and the magnetic ring attract the first clutch ring, to enable the first clutch ring to engage the second clutch ring, so that torque is transmitted from the sprocket support body to the hub body through the second clutch ring and the first clutch ring; and in the second state, a magnetic attracting force of the first magnets and the magnetic ring on the first clutch ring is less than that in the first state.

US Pat. No. 11,110,742

HYBRID WHEEL ASSEMBLY WITH ATTACHMENT PIN

SUPERIOR INDUSTRIES INTER...


1. A wheel assembly for a vehicle, comprising:a face portion and a rim portion;
said face portion being formed from an alloy defining a plurality of spokes extending radially outwardly between a central portion and a proximal bead element;
said rim portion being formed of a composite material being infused with fibers and defining an annular wall and extending between said proximal bead element and a distal bead element;
said face portion defining a mating member being disposed in mating engagement with a rim seat defined by said rim portion whereby said mating member and said rim seat generate circumferential shear forces F therebetween; and
said mating member and said rim seat defining a receptor for receiving a pin with said pin including shear resistors oriented substantially perpendicular to both said fibers infused into said composite material and to the circumferential shear forces F to counteract the circumferential shear forces F generated between said mating member defined by said face portion and said rim seat defined by said rim portion.

US Pat. No. 11,110,741

RAILWAY WHEEL

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...


1. A railway wheel, comprising a chemical composition consisting of: in mass %,C: 0.65 to 0.80%,
Si: 0.10 to 1.0%,
Mn: 0.10 to 1.0%,
P: not more than 0.030%,
S: not more than 0.030%,
Cr: 0.05 to 0.20%,
Sn: 0.005 to 0.50%,
Al: 0.010 to 0.050%,
N: 0.0020 to 0.015%,
Cu: 0 to 0.20%,
Ni: 0 to 0.20%,
Mo: 0 to 0.20%,
V: 0 to 0.20%,
Nb: 0 to 0.030%, and
Ti: 0 to 0.030%,
with the balance being Fe and impurities, wherein
in a matrix of a plate portion of the railway wheel, an area fraction of pearlite is not less than 95%.

US Pat. No. 11,110,740

COMPOSITE WHEEL

CITIC DICASTAL CO., LTD, ...


1. A composite wheel, comprising spokes, a rim and a central disc, one end of each spoke being connected to the central disc and the other end of each spoke being connected to the rim, wherein each spoke comprises a spoke skeleton and a spoke shell, and the spoke skeleton is wrapped by the spoke shell; and the spoke shell is made of plastic, rubber, nylon or resin, the spoke skeleton has a T-shaped cross section or ?-shaped cross section, top transverse edge of T-shaped spoke skeleton or ?-shaped spoke skeleton is disposed closer to an outer surface of a hub than an inner cavity of the hub, and the longitudinal edge of T-shaped spoke skeleton or ?-shaped spoke skeleton is disposed to point to the inner cavity of the hub.

US Pat. No. 11,110,739

FRAMING SQUARE

Milwaukee Electric Tool C...


1. A framing square, comprising:a blade section;
a tongue section;
a corner section interconnecting the blade section and the tongue section such that the blade section is coupled to the tongue section at a right angle, the blade section, the corner section and the tongue section together forming an L-shape;
a pivot opening defined within the corner section;
an opening formed through the tongue section, the opening located along a midline of a transverse axis of the tongue section; and
an array of marking openings formed through the blade section, the array of marking openings being located a first distance from the pivot opening, the array of marking openings comprises at least two openings spaced from each other by a second distance, wherein the first distance is greater than the second distance.

US Pat. No. 11,110,738

WRITING INSTRUMENTS AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

SANFORD L.P., Atlanta, G...


1. A writing instrument, comprising:a reservoir;
an ink solution comprising a pigment, the ink solution being housed within the reservoir;
a nib disposed at an end of the reservoir and plugging an opening of the reservoir such that the reservoir is closed, wherein a tip of the nib extends outside of the reservoir; and
a filament extending within the reservoir, the filament being in fluid communication with a portion of the nib within the reservoir, such that the ink solution travels along the filament and through the nib, by capillary action,
wherein the nib and filament are formed such that no more than 50 percent of the pigment present in the nib and filament flow into the reservoir outside of the nib and filament when the writing instrument is stored with the nib up for a period of one day, and
wherein the nib comprises at least one channel having a diameter of from about 50 microns to about 150 microns and extending over a length of the nib.

US Pat. No. 11,110,737

NIB HOLDER


1. A nib holder, comprising:A. a case comprising a nib insertion slot,
B. a slider contained within said case, said slider comprising:i. a plurality of pins, and
ii. slider connection threads,

C. a pusher contained within said case, said pusher comprising a plurality of sliding slots, said pusher sliding connected to said plurality of pins at said plurality of sliding slots,
D. a stopper contained within said case, said stopper for preventing horizontal motion of said pusher while permitting vertical motion of said pusher,
E. an adjuster comprising connection threads, wherein said adjuster is connected to said slider by a threaded connection between said slider connection threads and said adjuster connection threads,
wherein a nib is connected to said nib holder by insertion of said nib into said nib insertion slot and rotation of said adjuster to raise said pusher so that said nib is compressed between said pusher and said case.

US Pat. No. 11,110,736

WALLET ASSEMBLY


1. A wallet assembly, configured to provide space for wait staff to perform food ordering services; the wallet assembly comprising:a front panel joined to a mid panel with a front upper gusset panel and a front lower gusset panel forming a front pocket therebetween; wherein the front panel further comprises a front panel front side and a front panel rear side; wherein the mid panel further comprises a mid panel front side and a mid panel rear side
a rear panel, joined to the front panel and the mid panel with a spine; wherein the rear panel further comprises a rear panel front side and a rear panel rear side;
a rear opening panel, joined to the rear panel with a rear upper gusset and a rear lower gusset forming a rear pocket therebetween; wherein the rear opening panel further comprises a rear opening panel front side and a rear opening panel rear side;
wherein the front pocket and the rear pocket are configured to provide wait staff with storage for performing food ordering services.

US Pat. No. 11,110,735

OPTICAL STRUCTURE

TOPPAN PRINTING CO., LTD....


1. An optical structure, comprising:an embossed layer having an embossed face including a recording area, the recording area including an embossed recording body having an uneven structure; and
a light reflecting layer covering the recording area, wherein
the recording area includes a plurality of local structures each including a local refractive mirror structure and a local diffractive structure adjacent to the local refractive mirror structure,
each local refractive mirror structure of each local structure of said plurality of local structures includes a plurality of aligned inclined mirrors constituting the embossed recording body, the inclined mirrors of said plurality of inclined mirrors are aligned so each inclined mirror of the plurality of inclined mirrors has an identical non-zero inclination angle with respect to a base plane that approximates an embossed face of the embossed layer;
an azimuth direction of an orthogonal vector of the inclined mirror in the local mirror structure area and an azimuth direction of a grating vector of the corresponding local diffractive structure differ by 10° or less for each local structure of said plurality of local structures,
diffracted light of the local diffractive structure is mixed with reflected light of the corresponding local mirror structure for each local structure of said plurality of local structures.

US Pat. No. 11,110,734

SECURITY ELEMENT HAVING A LENTICULAR IMAGE


1. A security element for securing security papers, value documents and other data carriers, having a lenticular image that, from different viewing directions, displays at least a first appearance and a second appearance,the lenticular image including a lens grid composed of a plurality of microlenses and a radiation-sensitive motif layer that is arranged spaced apart from the lens grid,
the radiation-sensitive motif layer including, produced by the action of radiation, a plurality of transparency regions that are each arranged in perfect register with the microlenses of the lens grid, such that, when the security element is viewed from a second viewing direction through the lens grid and the transparency regions of the radiation-sensitive motif layer, the second appearance is visible, and
outside the transparency regions produced by the action of radiation, the radiation-sensitive motif layer being opaque and being patterned in the form of a first motif such that, when the security element is viewed through the lens grid from a first viewing direction, the first motif is visible as the first appearance,
wherein there is arranged on the side of the radiation-sensitive motif layer facing away from the lens grid a second motif layer that is patterned in the form of a second motif, such that, when the security element is viewed from the second viewing direction, the second motif is visible through the lens grid and the transparency regions of the radiation-sensitive motif layer as the second appearance.

US Pat. No. 11,110,733

FABRIC PRINT MEDIUM

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A fabric print medium comprising:a. a fabric base substrate with a first and a second side;
b. a polymeric barrier layer that is extruded, or a polymeric barrier layer with adhesion property that is laminated, on at least one side of the fabric base substrate;
c. a primary coating composition including a polymeric binder and filler particles applied over the polymeric barrier layer; and
d. an image-receiving coating composition including a first and a second crosslinked polymeric network applied over the primary coating composition, wherein the first and second crosslinked polymeric networks collectively represent from 80 wt % to 99 wt % of the total dry weight of the image-receiving coating composition.

US Pat. No. 11,110,732

LUMBER STACK MARKING MACHINE AND METHODS OF APPLYING MARKINGS TO LUMBER STACKS

Signode Canada ULC, Hali...


1. A lumber stack marking machine comprising:a frame;
an arm assembly connected to the frame;
an actuator assembly connected to the frame and operatively connected to the arm assembly to move the arm assembly;
a marking applicator assembly connected to the arm assembly and comprising: a carriage guide; a carriage movably connected to the carriage guide; a lumber stack engager; a spray head arm attached to the carriage; and a spray head connected to the spray head arm; and
a controller operatively connected to the actuator assembly and configured to:control the actuator assembly to move the arm assembly and the marking applicator assembly from a rest position to a marking position adjacent a lumber stack, wherein the lumber stack comprises a first row of a first plurality of pieces of lumber, a second row of a second plurality of pieces of lumber, a third row of a third plurality of pieces of lumber, and a fourth row of a fourth plurality of pieces of lumber, wherein the first row is above the second row, the second row is above the third row, and the third row is above the fourth row;
control the spray head to apply a first marking of a vertical marking set to one of the pieces of lumber of the first row and one of the pieces of lumber of the second row;
control the actuator assembly to move the marking applicator assembly downward; and
control the spray head to apply a second marking of the vertical marking set to one of the pieces of lumber of the third row and one of the pieces of lumber of the fourth row.


US Pat. No. 11,110,731

METHOD FOR APPLYING INK AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING WALLPAPER

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...


1. A method for applying an oil-based ink to a resin composition layer of a target that comprises a base and the resin composition layer formed over a surface of the base, the method comprising:pre-treating a surface of the resin composition layer before the oil-based ink is applied, with at least one surface treatment for improving a wetting/spreading property of the oil-based ink;
applying the oil-based ink to the surface of the resin composition layer that has undergone the pre-treating; and
post-treating the surface of the resin composition layer after the oil-based ink is applied, with at least one surface treatment for improving a wetting/spreading property of the oil-based ink;
wherein the applying step comprises applying the oil-based ink directly to the pre-treated surface of the resin composition layer.

US Pat. No. 11,110,730

INKJET PRINTER APPARATUS AND METHOD OF DRIVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....


1. An inkjet printer apparatus comprising:a printing head comprising a plurality of nozzles which prints an ink in a plurality of pixels arranged as a matrix type in a target substrate;
a control circuit which moves the printing head in an x-direction crossing an y-direction of a scan direction, and determines an optimal position for using a maximum number of nozzles of the plurality of nozzles; and
a driving part which moves the printing head to the optimal position and moves the printing head along the y-direction in the optimal position,
wherein the control circuit determines n pixels, among the plurality of pixels, arranged in the x-direction of the target substrate corresponding to an x-direction length of the printing head, to a pixel group,
determines the optimal position of the printing head within an x-direction length of a first pixel, among the plurality of pixels, of the pixel group, and
wherein the control circuit aligns an end portion of a first nozzle, among the plurality of nozzles, in the printing head and an end portion of the first pixel of the pixel group to determine an initial position, and
determines the optimal position of the printing head using a reference shift value preset with respect to the x-direction length of the first pixel in the printing head.

US Pat. No. 11,110,729

RECORDING MEDIUM AND METHOD FOR ACQUIRING LANDING DEVIATION AMOUNT IN RECORDING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...


1. A recording medium having a test pattern recorded, the test pattern being used for acquiring a landing deviation amount of a recording apparatus including a discharge unit configured to discharge a transparent ink, the recording medium comprising:a first area in which the test pattern is recorded with at least the transparent ink; and
a second area in which the test pattern is not recorded and that is different from the first area,
the recording medium having a lightness difference between the first area and the second area, the lightness difference being equal to or greater than a value predetermined based on a type of the recording medium, the light difference being defined as a difference in lightness between a reflected light from the test pattern recorded with the transparent ink in the first area and a reflected light from the recording medium in the second area when light is radiated to be incident on a surface of the recording medium at an incident angle of 45 degrees, and lightness of the reflected light from the test pattern recorded with the transparent ink in the first area and lightness of the reflected light from the recording medium in the second area are measured, with each of the lightness being measured at a position perpendicular to the surface, wherein
the recording medium has the lightness difference equal to or greater than 0.007 as the predetermined value, when L1 is the lightness of the reflected light from the test pattern recorded with the transparent ink in the first area and L2 is the lightness of the reflected light from the recording medium in the second area, and the difference in lightness is an absolute value of a difference between a logarithmic function LogL1 and a logarithmic function LogL2.

US Pat. No. 11,110,728

SELF-DRIVING SYSTEM WITH RFID READER AND BUILT-IN PRINTER

LINGDONG TECHNOLOGY (BEIJ...


1. A self-driving system, comprising:a mobile base having a first end and a second end opposing the first end, the mobile base having one or more motorized wheels;
a console having a display, the console coupling in an upright position to the mobile base;
a RFID reader integrated with the console, the RFID reader having a sensor surface operable to read RIFD tags placed on, over, or directly over the sensor surface;
a printer integrated with the console, the printer has a paper discharge port disposed at a side of the console;
a display coupled to the console;
a first camera disposed at the display, the first camera facing the first end and being operable to identify an operator;
a second camera disposed at the console, the second camera facing the first end and being operable to detect a low-profile object, the second camera pointing to a direction that is at 30 degrees to 85 degrees with respect to the longitudinal direction of the console;
a third camera disposed at the console, the third camera facing the first end and being operable to detect an object so that a pre-determined distance is maintained between the self-driving system and the object; and
a fourth camera disposed at the mobile base, the fourth camera facing the first end and being operable to detect an obstacle, the fourth camera pointing to a direction that is at 60 degrees to 125 degrees with respect to the longitudinal direction of the console.

US Pat. No. 11,110,726

CUTTER DEVICE AND PRINTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...


1. A cutter device comprising:a pair of pulleys including a first pulley and a second pulley;
an endless belt spanning the pair of pulleys;
a movable blade;
a holder configured to hold the movable blade, engage with the endless belt, and move in a movement direction in accordance with a movement of the endless belt;
a first sensor configured to detect that a position of the movable blade is at a first position on the first pulley side; and
a second sensor configured to detect that the position of the movable blade is at a second position on the second pulley side, wherein
the first sensor and the second sensor are disposed at positions overlapping with the holder in an up-down direction intersecting the movement direction,
the holder includes a first arm protruding from a holder main body toward the first position and a second arm protruding from the holder main body toward the second position,
the first arm is positioned at a position facing a detection portion of the first sensor when the holder is positioned at the first position, and
the second arm is positioned at a position facing a detection portion of the second sensor when the holder is positioned at the second position.

US Pat. No. 11,110,725

POWER ALLOCATION IN PRINTING DEVICES

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A method, comprising:receiving a plurality of independent load requests from each of a plurality of printing device heater systems;
allocating a plurality of power grants based on a general power arbitration of a power source in response to the plurality of independent load requests; and
adjusting a power grant of the plurality of power grants based on a contextual printing condition to provide an adjusted grant from the power source to a printing device heater system of the plurality of printing device heater systems, the adjusted grant based on a power grant limit corresponding with the contextual printing condition.

US Pat. No. 11,110,724

PRINTING APPARATUS

SCREEN HOLDINGS CO., LTD....


1. A printing apparatus for printing on a front surface of a printing medium, and thereafter printing on a back surface of the printing medium, the apparatus comprising:a front surface print head for printing, on the front surface of the printing medium transported in a predetermined transport direction, a cue mark indicating a printing start position in the transport direction of a front surface image, and printing the front surface image based on front surface image data with reference to the cue mark;
a back surface image data corrector for creating corrected back surface image data by correcting an image size of back surface image data to be formed on the back surface of the printing medium, based on elasticity information obtained beforehand, wherein the elasticity information indicates how much the printing medium expands in the transport direction after printing of the front surface image;
a detector for detecting the cue mark printed on the front surface of the printing medium;
a back surface print head for printing a back surface image based on the corrected back surface image data on the back surface of the printing medium with reference to the cue mark detected by the detector; and
a printing control unit for controlling the front surface print head, the back surface image data corrector, the detector, and the back surface print head to print images on both surfaces of the printing medium,
wherein the printing control unit comprises:a page interval calculator for calculating as the elasticity information a page interval in the transport direction between the cue marks detected by the detector;
a cut limiting value memory for storing beforehand:(1) a first limiting value indicating, when an image printed based on the corrected back surface image data exceeds the cue mark of an upstream side in the transport direction, a length from the cue mark to an edge of the image, wherein the edge of the image is present outside the page interval, and
(2) a second limiting value indicating, when an image printed based on the corrected back surface image data does not reach the cue mark of the upstream side in the transport direction, a length from the cue mark to the edge of the image, wherein the edge of the image is present within the page interval,

a cut amount arithmetic processor for calculating a difference between (1) the page interval and (2) a transport-direction length of an image printed based on the corrected back surface image data; and
an error checker for determining that an error has occurred when the difference exceeds the first or second limiting value.


US Pat. No. 11,110,723

PRINT APPARATUS HAVING FIRST AND SECOND PRINTING DEVICES, COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM AND COMPUTER IMPLEMENTED METHOD

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A print apparatus, comprising:a controller to receive a print job for execution by the print apparatus;
a first printing device arranged to print a first image on a first side of a print target under control of the controller and based on the print job; and
a second printing device arranged to print a second image on a second side of the print target under control of the controller and based on the print job,
wherein the printing capability of the print apparatus on the first side of the print target is different to the printing capability of the print apparatus on the second side of the print target, each print apparatus having a print speed that is defined for the controller in terms of a time taken for a respective print apparatus to print an area of a predetermined size; and
wherein the controller is to modify a position of the second image on the print target away from an intended position of the second image as specified in the print job, the controller to modify the position of the second image based on a difference in printing speed between the first printing device and the second printing device.

US Pat. No. 11,110,722

SYSTEM FOR DIRECTLY PRINTING FIBROUS OBJECTS WITH SOLID INK IMAGES

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...


1. A printing system comprising:a plurality of printheads, each printhead in the plurality of printheads being configured to eject solid ink marking material;
a holder configured to hold a stack of nested objects;
a spindle configured for reciprocal movement;
an actuator operatively connected to the spindle to enable the actuator to move the spindle within an orifice of the object in the stack of nested objects that is closest to the plurality of printheads to engage the object and to move the object to a position opposite the plurality of printheads;
a forced air heater configured to direct heated air toward the position opposite the plurality of printheads; and
a controller operatively connected to the plurality of printheads, the forced air heater, and the actuator, the controller being configured to operate the actuator to move the spindle within the orifice of the object in the stack of nested objects that is closest to the plurality of printheads to engage the object, remove the object from the stack, and move the object to the position opposite the plurality of printheads, to operate the forced air heater to direct heated air toward the surface of the object opposite the plurality of printheads, and to operate the plurality of printheads to eject solid ink marking material onto the object on the spindle as the forced air heater directs heated air toward the surface of the object.

US Pat. No. 11,110,721

PRINTER

SATO HOLDINGS KABUSHIKI K...


1. A printer configured to perform printing to a print medium by using an ink ribbon, the printer comprising:a printing unit configured to print on the print medium;
a ribbon shaft configured to hold the ink ribbon;
a partition member swingably provided between a close position where gears that transmit drive force to the ribbon shaft mesh with each other and an open position where meshing between the gears is released; and
a lock mechanism configured to hold the partition member with respect to the printing unit when the partition member is at the close position.

US Pat. No. 11,110,720

THERMAL-TRANSFER PRINTER

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...


1. A thermal-transfer printer, comprising:a first case comprising a first opening on an upper side thereof, the first case being configured to store at least a part of a printing medium;
a second case located on the upper side of the first case, the second case being attached movably to the first case to open and close the first opening, the second case comprising a second opening on an upper side thereof under a condition where the second case closes the first opening and a third opening on a lower side thereof under the condition where the second case closes the first opening;
an ink ribbon supporting member, to which an ink ribbon is attachable, the ink ribbon supporting member being attached to one of the first case and the second case;
a cover attached movably to the second case, the cover being configured to open and close the second opening, the cover comprising an inner face facing toward the second case and an outer face facing opposite to the second case under a condition where the cover closes the second opening; and
a head holder attached to the inner face of the cover, the head holder being configured to hold a printing head,
wherein the head holder is movable in conjunction with the cover moving to open and close the second opening, and
wherein the ink ribbon supporting member remains inside of the one of the first case and the second case with opening and closing movement of the cover.

US Pat. No. 11,110,719

LIQUID DISCHARGE HEAD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...


1. A liquid discharge head comprising:a substrate having a supply port;
an energy generating element on the substrate; and
a member that forms a channel through which liquid flows and a discharge port from which the liquid is discharged,
wherein a first pump and a second pump are arranged inside the channel, the channel includes a pressure chamber including the energy generating element, and liquid inside the pressure chamber is circulatable between inside and outside of the pressure chamber by the first pump or the second pump, and
wherein the first pump is arranged on one side relative to a midpoint of the channel in an extending direction of the channel, and the second pump is arranged on another side relative to the midpoint of the channel in the extending direction of the channel.

US Pat. No. 11,110,718

LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...


1. A liquid ejecting apparatus comprising:a liquid ejecting head configured to eject a liquid;
a liquid supply flow path configured to supply the liquid from a liquid container containing the liquid to the liquid ejecting head;
a pressurizing portion pressurizing an inside of the liquid supply flow path;
a solenoid valve which is provided in the liquid supply flow path and which opens the liquid supply flow path during energization and closes the liquid supply flow path during de-energization; and
a power supply circuit for energizing the solenoid valve, wherein
the pressurizing portion has a displacing portion configured to be displaced in accordance with a pressure change,
the power supply circuit has a switch switching between a connection and a disconnection of the power supply circuit, and
the displacing portion moves the switch to disconnect the power supply circuit so that the solenoid valve in open state is forcibly switched to closed state.

US Pat. No. 11,110,717

CHANNEL MEMBER, HEAD UNIT, AND HEAD UNIT GROUP

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...


1. A channel member that is configured to feed liquid to a liquid injection head, the liquid injection head having a liquid introduction section which forms an introduction opening oriented in a +Z direction that is a downward direction when the channel member is connected to the liquid injection head, the channel member comprising:a liquid emission port which forms an emission opening; and
a liquid feeding port which forms a feeding opening that receives the liquid to feed the liquid to the liquid emission port, wherein
the emission opening of the liquid emission port is coupled with the introduction opening of the liquid introduction section to emit the liquid to the liquid introduction section when the channel member is connected to the liquid injection head, and
the emission opening of the liquid emission port and the feeding opening of the liquid feeding port are oriented in a ?Z direction that is an upward direction when the channel member is connected to the liquid injection head.

US Pat. No. 11,110,716

LOCKING CONSUMABLES

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A system, comprising:a controller to monitor a usage state of a consumable installed in the system; and
a drive mechanism to lock the consumable in the system under an instruction from the controller, wherein the drive mechanism comprises:a shaft to drive a delivery auger inside the consumable to extract contents of the consumable; and
a key integrated in the shaft to lock the consumable to the drive mechanism.


US Pat. No. 11,110,715

LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS AND DETECTION METHOD OF LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...


1. A liquid ejecting apparatus comprising:a liquid ejecting portion that includes a nozzle ejecting a liquid onto a medium;
a liquid storage portion that stores the liquid;
a supply flow path through which the liquid storage portion communicates with the liquid ejecting portion;
an opening/closing mechanism includingan opening/closing portion bringing the supply flow path into an open state or a closed state, and
an operation portion operating the opening/closing portion;

a carriage mounted with the liquid ejecting portion and the opening/closing mechanism and configured to reciprocate in a main scanning direction;
a contact portion that comes in contact with the opening/closing mechanism when the carriage moves while the supply flow path is in the closed state; and
a detection portion that detects contact between the opening/closing mechanism and the contact portion,
wherein while the carriage is reciprocated in the main scanning direction, a first portion of the supply flow path moves with the carriage and a second portion of the supply flow path remains connected to the liquid storage portion.

US Pat. No. 11,110,714

PRELOADED STORAGE CONTAINER AND PRINT HEAD TO DISPENSE FLUID

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. An apparatus, comprising:a print head coupled to a substrate to dispense fluid from the substrate in response to a command;
a reservoir coupled to the substrate to transport the fluid to the print head; and
a preloaded storage container mounted on the reservoir to store the fluid and to provide the fluid to the reservoir in response to pressure applied to the container sufficient to burst the container thereby releasing the stored fluid into the reservoir.

US Pat. No. 11,110,713

TRANSFER DEVICE CONFIGURED TO TRANSFER LIQUID FROM CONTAINER WITH BAG PORTION

RISO KAGAKU CORPORATION, ...


7. A transfer device comprising:a first container including a bag portion configured to house liquid;
a second container configured to house the liquid transferred from the first container;
a transfer unit configured to transfer the liquid from the first container to the second container; and
a controller configured to control the transfer unit to intermittently and repeatedly execute a transfer operation of starting transfer of the liquid and then completing the transfer before a side of the bag portion toward the transfer unit transitions to a suction contact state upon transferring the liquid from the first container to the second container,
wherein the controller is configured to determine a time of each transfer operation depending on an amount of the liquid in the bag portion at start of the transfer operation or a type of the liquid.

US Pat. No. 11,110,712

INKJET RECORDING APPARATUS WITH COVER AND METHOD THEREFOR INCLUDING INQUIRY AND NOTIFICATION FEATURES

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...


1. An inkjet recording apparatus comprising:an injection inlet;
an ink chamber associated with the injection inlet;
a recording head configured to eject ink retained in the ink chamber;
a cover movable between a covered position in which the injection inlet is covered and an exposed position in which the injection inlet is exposed;
a monitor;
a cover sensor positioned to sense a movement of the cover; and
a controller configured to:receive one positional signal from the cover sensor, the one positional signal being outputted in response to the cover being positioned in the exposed position;
based on receipt of the one positional signal from the cover sensor, control the monitor to display one notification on the monitor and restrict the ejection of ink from the recording head;
after receipt of the one positional signal, receive another positional signal from the cover sensor, the another positional signal being outputted in response to the cover being positioned in the covered position;
based on receipt of the another positional signal from the cover sensor, control the monitor to display another notification on the monitor, the another notification being different from the one notification; and
after controlling the monitor to display the another notification on the monitor, cancel the restriction of the ejection of ink from the recording head.


US Pat. No. 11,110,711

LIQUID AGENT MIST RECOVERY DEVICE

RISO KAGAKU CORPORATION, ...


1. A liquid agent mist recovery device for a liquid agent application device that allows a discharger to discharge a liquid agent to a sheet carried in a carrier direction, the liquid agent mist recovery device being disposed at a downstream side of the discharger in the carrier direction, comprising:a recovery casing including an opening to introduce a liquid agent mist generated when the discharger discharges the liquid agent together with air, and a recovery hole communicated with the opening; and
a suctioner that is connected to the recovery hole of the recovery casing, and the suctioner is configured to suction the liquid agent mist together with the air into the opening,
wherein the opening is apart from an upstream wall surface and a downstream wall surface of the recovery hole by an amount equal to or larger than a width of a receiving portion to receive the liquid agent trickling from the upstream wall surface and the downstream wall surface, and
wherein the opening does not protrude from a lower surface of the recovery casing.

US Pat. No. 11,110,710

LIQUID EJECTING DEVICE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...


1. A liquid ejecting device comprising:an ejecting unit configured to eject a liquid onto a medium;
a detector configured to emit light toward an object opposing the ejecting unit and receive reflected light generated by reflection of the light thereby detecting information; and
a cover portion including a cover that transmits the light and is disposed at a position to cover the detector,
wherein the cover portion is configured to move the cover so as to change a portion of the cover that covers the detector while the detector remains covered, and
wherein the cover portion is configured to rotate the cover to change the portion of the cover that covers the detector while the detector remains covered.

US Pat. No. 11,110,709

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CLEANING A PRINTHEAD

XEROX CORPORATION, Norwa...


1. A system for cleaning a printhead comprising:(a) a movable carriage having affixed to a base:a cleaning blade; and
an absorptive pad;

(b) a low vapor pressure organic solvent;wherein the low vapor pressure organic solvent is deliverable to the absorptive pad via a pump; and
wherein the low vapor pressure organic solvent has a vapor pressure lower than water;

and
(d) a brush that is fixed so that the brush is stationary relative to the carriage, wherein movable carriage is configured to move the cleaning blade and absorptive pad past the brush, thereby allowing the brush to clean the cleaning blade and the absorptive pad.

US Pat. No. 11,110,708

LIQUID DISCHARGING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...


1. A liquid discharging apparatus for discharging a liquid, comprising:a first head unit includinga first head that is provided with a plurality of first nozzles that discharge the liquid of a first color and a plurality of second nozzles that discharge the liquid of a second color, and
a second head that is provided with a plurality of third nozzles that discharge the liquid of the first color and a plurality of fourth nozzles that discharge the liquid of the second color; and

a second head unit includinga third head that is provided with a plurality of fifth nozzles that discharge the liquid of a third color and a plurality of sixth nozzles that discharge the liquid of a fourth color, and
a fourth head that is provided with a plurality of seventh nozzles that discharge the liquid of the third color and a plurality of eighth nozzles that discharge the liquid of the fourth color, wherein

the first head unit has a first part, a second part that is coupled to the first part on a first side in a first direction and has a width shorter than a width of the first part in a second direction intersecting the first direction, and a third part that is coupled to the first part on a second side opposite to the first side in the first direction, has a width shorter than the width of the first part in the second direction, and is provided at a position different from the second part in the second direction,
the second head unit has a fourth part, a fifth part that is coupled to the fourth part on the first side in the first direction and has a width shorter than a width of the fourth part in the second direction, and a sixth part that is coupled to the fourth part on the second side in the first direction, has a width shorter than the width of the fourth part in the second direction, and is provided at a position different from the fifth part in the second direction,
a part of the first head is positioned in the second part,
a part of the second head is positioned in the third part,
a part of the third head is positioned in the fifth part,
a part of the fourth head is positioned in the sixth part, and
the first color is cyan and the second color is magenta.

US Pat. No. 11,110,707

LIQUID EJECTION HEAD

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...


1. A liquid ejection head, comprising:a plurality of first individual channels arranged in a first direction perpendicular to a vertical direction;
a first common channel extending in the first direction, the first common channel communicating with the first individual channels; and
a second common channel located below the first common channel and extending in the first direction, the second common channel communicating with the first individual channels,
wherein each of the first individual channels includes one of first nozzles, and one of first pressure chambers that communicate with the respective first nozzles and are located above the first nozzles,
the first common channel and the second common channel overlap, in the vertical direction, with each other at a position above the first pressure chambers,
the first common channel overlaps, in the vertical direction, with the first pressure chambers, and
the second common channel does not overlap, in the vertical direction, with the first pressure chambers.

US Pat. No. 11,110,706

LIQUID EJECTING HEAD AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LIQUID EJECTING HEAD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...


1. A liquid ejecting head comprising;a substrate including an ejection port array in which multiple ejection ports, each capable of ejecting liquid, are arrayed, and a supply port which communicates with the ejection ports and opens to a back surface of the substrate opposed to a front surface of the substrate on which the ejection ports are located, wherein
the supply port is arranged along the ejection port array,
the opening width, in a width direction intersecting a row direction of the ejection port array, of at least one end portion in the row direction of the supply port is narrower than the opening width in the width direction of a center portion in the row direction of the supply port,
the substrate is formed by joining a first member in which the ejection ports are formed and a second member in which the supply port is formed, and
the supply port has different opening shapes on a joint surface of the second member to which the first member is joined and on a surface of the second member opposed to the joint surface.

US Pat. No. 11,110,705

LIQUID-DISCHARGING-HEAD SUBSTRATE, LIQUID DISCHARGING HEAD, LIQUID DISCHARGING APPARATUS, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING LIQUID-DISCHARGING-HEAD SUBSTRATE

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...


1. A method of manufacturing a liquid-discharging-head substrate, the method comprising:preparing a substrate with an insulation layer including an opening portion;
filling the opening portion with an electrode material;
forming an electrode from the electrode material by flattening the electrode material using a chemical-mechanical polishing method to position a surface of the electrode inward from a surface including an opening of the opening portion of the insulation layer and to form the electrode embedded in the opening portion;
removing a corner portion exposed by forming of the electrode, which includes the surface of the insulation layer and a wall of the opening portion, by conducting reverse sputtering to the surface of the insulation layer; and
forming a heating resistor element contacting the surface of the insulation layer and the surface of the electrode after the reverse sputtering.

US Pat. No. 11,110,704

SELECTIVELY FIRING A FLUID CIRCULATION ELEMENT

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A printing apparatus comprising:a fluid ejection device including:first and second drop ejecting elements positioned inside fluid chambers,
a fluid circulating element positioned inside the fluid chambers, wherein the fluid circulating element is to be fired to circulate a fluid inside the fluid chambers,
a first pump generator to cause the fluid circulating element to be fired based on operations of the first drop ejecting element, and
a second pump generator to cause the fluid circulating element to be fired based on operations of the second drop ejecting element, and

a logic device connected to the fluid ejection device, wherein the logic device is to:in response to a determination that the first drop ejecting element has not been fired for a predetermined period of time, output a first instruction to instruct the first pump generator to fire the fluid circulating element, and
in response to a determination that the second drop ejecting element has not been fired for the predetermined period of time, output a second instruction to instruct the second pump generator to fire the fluid circulating element,

wherein the logic device is further to determine whether each of the first and second drop ejecting elements has been fired within the predetermined period of time in response to a determination that one of the first and second drop ejecting elements is to be imminently fired.

US Pat. No. 11,110,703

PRINTING APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...


1. A printing apparatus comprising:a controller configured to obtain encoded image data; and
a first image processing unit and a second image processing unit each of which is configured to generate print data to be used by a printing unit based on the encoded image data obtained by the controller, wherein a processing target area of the first image processing unit and a processing target area of the second image processing unit are different from each other in the encoded image data,
wherein the controller comprises
a decoder configured to decode first band data and second band data included in the encoded image data, wherein the first band data corresponds to a part of the processing target area of the first image processing unit and the second band data corresponds to a part of the processing target area of the second image processing unit;
a transmission unit configured to transmit first band data decoded by the decoder to the first image processing unit, and to transmit second band data decoded by the decoder to the second image processing unit, and
a transmission control unit configured (i) to, in a case where a sheet size of a print setting is a first sheet size, control the transmission unit to transmit the decoded second band data corresponding to at least one band included in the processing target area of the second image processing unit, during a period extending from a start of transmission of the decoded first band data corresponding to the processing target area of the first image processing unit to an end of the transmission of the decoded first band data corresponding to the processing target area of the first image processing unit, and(ii) to, in a case where the sheet size of the print setting is a second sheet size larger than the first sheet size, control the transmission unit to transmit all decoded first band data, then control the transmission unit to transmit all decoded second band data.


US Pat. No. 11,110,702

CONTROLLING RECIRCULATING OF NOZZLES

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A fluid ejection device die assembly comprising:a plurality of nozzles and corresponding firing chambers;
a plurality of memory elements to enable tracking of nozzle firing events; and
a recirculation controller to initiate performance of recirculation of the plurality of nozzles in response to local determinations of firing events of the plurality of nozzles based on values of the plurality of memory elements.

US Pat. No. 11,110,701

MAIN BODY OF A DOCTOR BLADE CHAMBER, DOCTOR BLADE CHAMBER THEREOF AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING SAME

BOBST LYON, Villeurbanne...


1. A main body of a doctor blade chamber comprising:a single hollow closed profile delimited by a first portion configured to hold a first doctor blade, a second portion configured to hold a second doctor blade, and a third portion connecting the first portion and the second portion, the single hollow closed profile extending according to a longitudinal main axis X-X of the main body, the single hollow closed profile being made of a pultruded composite material,
a cavity outside of the single hollow closed profile intended to receive ink and delimited at least by a part of the first portion, a part of the second portion, and the third portion,
a water channel that is positioned in a hollow of the single hollow closed profile and extending along the longitudinal main axis X-X, and
at least one washing nozzle opening into the water channel and protruding from the water channel through the third portion of the single hollow closed profile.

US Pat. No. 11,110,700

METHOD FOR CHANGING PLATES ON A CYLINDER

Heidelberger Druckmaschin...


1. A method for changing printing plates on cylinders, which comprises the steps of:opening a first clamping device and releasing a leading edge of a first printing plate;
opening a second clamping device and releasing a trailing edge of the first printing plate, wherein the first clamping device and the second clamping device are both opened before a first rotation process of a cylinder is performed;
rotating the cylinder to perform the first rotation process in a first direction to dismount the first printing plate from a circumferential surface of the cylinder, the first clamping device and the second clamping device both remaining open during the first rotation process; and
rotating the cylinder to perform a second rotation process in a second direction, being opposite to the first direction, to mount a second printing plate replacing the first printing plate to the circumferential surface of the cylinder, the first clamping device and the second clamping device both remaining open during a period between the first rotation process and the second rotation process;
rotating the cylinder to perform an intermediate rotation in the second direction during which the first clamping device and the second clamping device both remain open, the intermediate rotation occurring between the first and second rotation processes.

US Pat. No. 11,110,699

PRINTED FILM CURING APPARATUS


1. A printed film curing apparatus comprising:a film tube having an open tube top end, a tube sidewall, and an open tube bottom end defining a tube inside, the tube inside being configured to receive a roll of freshly printed media;
an intake housing coupled to the film tube, the intake housing being selectively engageable with the tube top end;
an intake fan coupled within the intake housing, the intake fan drawing air through a plurality of intake slots of the intake housing into the tube inside;
an exhaust housing coupled to the film tube, the exhaust housing being selectively engageable with the tube bottom end;
an exhaust fan coupled within the exhaust housing, the exhaust fan drawing air from the tube inside and pushing it out of a plurality of exhaust apertures of the exhaust housing; and
a control unit coupled to the film tube, the control unit having a control panel, a microprocessor, and a power supply, the control unit being in operational communication with the intake fan and the exhaust fan.

US Pat. No. 11,110,698

SHEET GRIPPING MECHANISM AND PRINTER

TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAI...


1. A printer comprising:a sheet conveyer;
a print head configured to perform printing on a sheet conveyed by the sheet conveyer;
a sheet cutter provided downstream with respect to the print head in a sheet conveyance direction;
a sheet discharge port;
a sheet gripping mechanism provided between the sheet cutter and the sheet discharge port in the sheet conveyance direction; and
a controller configured to control the sheet conveyer to convey the sheet to a predetermined position through the sheet gripping mechanism such that a leading end of the sheet in the sheet conveyance direction is out of the sheet discharge port, and control the sheet cutter to cut off a part of the sheet that has been conveyed to the predetermined position, wherein
the sheet gripping mechanism is configured to hold the cut-off part of the sheet in a state in which a leading end of the cut-off part is out of the sheet discharge port,
the sheet gripping mechanism includes a first sheet guide surface and a second sheet guide surface that face each other across a sheet conveyance path,
the first sheet guide surface has a plurality of first protrusions arranged along the sheet conveyance direction and includes two second protrusions that are provided at a leading end of the sheet gripping mechanism and have a height higher than a height of the first protrusions,
the second sheet guide surface has a plurality of third protrusions arranged along the sheet conveyance direction,
the two second protrusions extend beyond the second sheet guide surface, and
the two second protrusions are fixed to be apart from the second sheet guide surface, enabling the conveyance of the sheet between the two second protrusions and the second sheet guide surface.

US Pat. No. 11,110,697

SHEET-FED PRINTING MACHINE FOR DIFFERENT PRINTING METHODS


1. A sheet-fed printing machine comprising:at least first and second sheet-fed printing units;
wherein the first sheet-fed printing unit has a first cylinder of a first type formed as a first impression cylinder and has a second cylinder of the first type and formed as a second impression cylinder, which first and second cylinders of the first type one of have direct contact with one another and are arranged to interact directly with one another and each of which first and second cylinders of the first type has an axis of rotation;
wherein a first axial plane contains both the axis of rotation of the first cylinder and the axis of rotation of the second cylinder of the first type;
wherein a first reference plane contains at least an axis of rotation of one of the first and second cylinders of the first type and has a horizontal surface normal;
wherein the first and second cylinders of the first type are arranged, at least during a processing operation, such that an intersection angle between the first axial plane and the first reference plane is no more than 30°;
wherein the second sheet-fed printing unit has at least a third cylinder of the first type formed as a third impression cylinder;
wherein the first and the second impression cylinders of the first sheet-fed printing unit and the at least third impression cylinder of the second sheet-fed printing unit have a same outer circumference;
wherein the first sheet-fed printing unit has at least one first forme cylinder, which at least one first forme cylinder one of which has direct contact with and is arranged to interact directly with one of the first impression cylinder and with the second impression cylinder and which at least one first forme cylinder is formed as a as a flexo forme cylinder; and
wherein the second sheet-fed printing unit has at least one second forme cylinder, which at least one second forme cylinder one has direct contact with and is arranged to interact directly with at least one of the at least first and second impression cylinder and which at least one second forme cylinder is formed as a numbering forme cylinder.

US Pat. No. 11,110,696

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR ON-DEMAND COLORIZATION FOR EXTRUSION-BASED ADDITIVE CONSTRUCTION

R3 Printing, Inc., Wilmi...


1. A method of constructing objects out of a completely colored filament, by an extrusion-based 3D printer having a tank system having a plurality of puncture mechanisms, a plurality of dyes, a corresponding number of subchambers and a corresponding number of pumps, each pump being in fluid communication with one subchamber, wherein each subchamber has an interior chamber equipped with a single opening and at least partially filled with one of the plurality of dyes, the single opening being sealed by a penetrable membrane, a mixing chamber having an interior volume, a filament input, a filament output, and a waste outlet, wherein the mixing chamber is in fluid communication with the plurality of pumps, wherein the plurality of pumps are configured to independently pump fluid from the corresponding subchamber, a material dispenser configured to dispense uncolored filament to the filament input, a waste management system in fluid communication with the waste outlet, a print head having an extruder configured to receive completely colored filament through the filament output, the method comprising the steps of:(a) accessing, by a user, a software application;
(b) selecting, by the user within the software application, a file representing an object to be printed by the 3D printer;
(c) obtaining, by the software application, at least one color related to the object;
(d) referencing the at least one color with a color chart;
(e) determining a predetermined amount of each of the plurality of dyes needed to create the color from the previous step;
(f) sending, by the software application, instructions of how to create the object to the 3d printer;
(g) feeding, by the material dispenser, a portion of uncolored filament into the mixing chamber;
(h) pumping, by the plurality of pumps, an amount of each of the plurality of dyes needed to create the desired color into the mixing chamber;
(i) allowing the portion of uncolored filament to be completely dyed by the dyes contained in the mixing chamber, for a predetermined amount of time;
(j) extruding, by the print head, the completely colored portion of filament to create the object; and
(k) repeating steps h-j until the object is completed.

US Pat. No. 11,110,695

MARKING TAPE, METHOD OF APPLYING AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE MARKING TAPE

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...


1. A marking tape for application on pavement, comprising:a core layer and an adhesive layer;
wherein the adhesive layer is adapted for retaining the marking tape on the pavement; and
the core layer comprises a conforming layer of a thermoplastic material, a marking layer of a cross-linked material, and a fibrous layer; wherein the fibrous layer comprises a nonwoven layer and a netting layer, wherein the netting layer is separate from the nonwoven layer;
wherein the conforming layer and the marking layer are at least partially contiguous and/or directly interconnected with each other;
wherein the nonwoven layer is partially embedded in the conforming layer and in contact with the marking layer;
wherein the netting layer is imbedded within the conforming layer and is in contact with the adhesive layer,
wherein the netting layer and the nonwoven layers are in contact with each other;
wherein the conforming layer is at least partially arranged between the netting layer and the nonwoven layer.

US Pat. No. 11,110,692

BRAZE MATERIAL FOR CERAMIC MATRIX COMPOSITE ARTICLES

Rolls-Royce Corporation, ...


1. A braze material comprising:a first set of particles comprising a braze powder, wherein the braze powder comprises an Si-containing alloy, and wherein the first set of particles defines a median particle diameter between about 1 ?m and about 40 ?m;
a second set of particles comprising at least one of SiC or a transition metal carbide, wherein the second set of particles has a multimodal particle size distribution; and
a polymeric binder.

US Pat. No. 11,110,691

COMPOSITE PRODUCT

MUBEA CARBO TECH GMBH, S...


1. A composite product comprising:a. a first layer of plastic;
b. a support structure; and
c. a layer of fibers arranged between the first layer of plastic and the support structure wherein
d. the first layer of plastic penetrates the layer of fibers at least at certain locations such that the first layer of plastic is mechanically interconnected with the layer of fibers, and wherein
e. at least one of the first layer of plastic and the support structure are at least partially optically transparent, such that fibers of the layer of fibers are at least partially visible from outside,
f. the first layer of plastic and the support structure are interconnected to each other by several bridges arranged in openings extending across the layer of fibers, and
g. the first layer of plastic is made by at least one of injection molding, deep drawing, and blow molding.

US Pat. No. 11,110,689

PRESSURE SENSITIVE ADHESIVE COMPOSITION INCLUDING ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT-ABSORBING OLIGOMER

3M Innovative Properties ...


1. A composition comprising a blend of a pressure sensitive adhesive and an ultraviolet light-absorbing oligomer, wherein the ultraviolet light-absorbing oligomer comprises:first divalent units comprising a pendent ultraviolet absorbing group, wherein the pendent ultraviolet absorbing group comprises a triazine, a benzophenone, or a benzotriazole; and
second divalent units represented by formula:




whereinR1 is hydrogen or methyl; and
R2 is alkyl having 8 carbon atoms,


wherein the second divalent units are present in the ultraviolet light-absorbing oligomer at 70 percent by weight up to 90 percent by weight, based on the total weight of the oligomer, wherein the pressure sensitive adhesive is an acrylic pressure sensitive adhesive comprising an acrylic polymer, wherein the second divalent units are present in the acrylic polymer in an amount of 80 percent by weight up to 100 percent by weight, based on the total weight of the acrylic polymer, wherein the ultraviolet absorbing group is in the composition in an amount of at least 2 percent by weight and in an amount of up to 10 weight percent, based on the total weight of the composition, and wherein the pressure sensitive adhesive does not comprise a third divalent unit comprising a pendent hydroxyl group.

US Pat. No. 11,110,687

ALUMINIUM BARRIER LAMINATE AND BARRIER LINER AT SHOULDER FOR CONTAINER

KIMPAI LAMITUBE CO., LTD....


1. A laminate comprising:a first layer having a polyethylene-based film with a density of 0.90-0.96 g/cc;
a second layer having a linear low density polyethylene-based film with a melting temperature of less than 240° C.;
a third layer having low density polyethylene in order to provide high adhesion;
a fourth layer adjacent to the third layer having an aluminum barrier film with a thickness of 7-20 microns;
a fifth layer adjacent to the fourth layer having low density polyethylene that provides in order to provide high interlayer adhesion;
a sixth layer having a linear low density polyethylene-based film with a melting temperature of less than 240° C.; and
a seventh layer having a polyethylene-based film with a sealing property,
wherein the seventh layer is a 5-layer blown film comprising a resin with barrier properties, wherein the resin with barrier properties comprises EVOH, wherein the seventh layer is the innermost layer in the laminate.

US Pat. No. 11,110,686

HOT-WORKING MATERIAL, COMPONENT AND USE

thyssenkrupp AG, Essen (...


1. A hot-forming material composed of a three-layer composite material, comprising a core layer of a hardenable steel which in a press-hardened state of the hot-forming material has at least one of a tensile strength >1900 MPa and a hardness >575 HV10, and two outer layers bonded substance-to-substance with the core layer and composed of a steel which is softer in comparison with the core layer and which in the press-hardened state of the hot-forming material have at least one of a tensile strength >750 MPa and a hardness >235 HV10, wherein the core layer, besides Fe and unavoidable production-related impurities, in wt %, consists of:C: 0.31-0.6%, Si: up to 0.5%, Mn: 0.5-2.0%, P: up to 0.06%, S: up to 0.03%, Al: up to 0.2%, Cr+Mo: up to 1.2%, Cu: up to 0.2%, N: up to 0.01%, Nb+Ti: up to 0.2%, Ni: up to 0.4%, V: up to 0.2%, B: up to 0.01%, As: up to 0.02%, Ca: up to 0.01%, Co: up to 0.02%, Sn: up to 0.05%; and

wherein the outer layers, besides Fe and unavoidable production-related impurities, in wt %, consist of:C: 0.13-0.3%, Si: up to 1.0%, Mn: 0.3-3.0%, P: up to 0.1%, S: up to 0.06%, Al: up to 1.0%, Cr+Mo: up to 1.5%, Cu: up to 0.3%, N: up to 0.01%, Ni: up to 0.3%, Nb+Ti: up to 0.25%, V: up to 0.05%, B: up to 0.01%, Sn: up to 0.05%, Ca: up to 0.01%, Co: up to 0.02%.

US Pat. No. 11,110,685

INTEGRALLY MOLDED BODY AND METHOD OF PRODUCING SAME

Toray Industries, Inc., ...


1. An integrally molded body comprising:a board (A),
a member (B), and
an injection molded bonding resin (C) interposed between the board (A) whose one surface is a design surface and the member (B),
wherein, inside the member (B), a first bonding section is disposed to space apart the board (A) and the member (B) and by which at least a partial region of an outer peripheral edge section of the board (A) bonds to the injection molded bonding resin (C), and
at least a part of the design surface-side surface of the integrally molded body has a region where the board (A), the member (B), and the injection molded bonding resin (C) are exposed, wherein 1) the board (A) has a member composed of at least one of a fiber reinforced resin member comprising reinforcing fibers and a thermosetting resin and a metal member, and 2) the board (A) has a sandwich structure sandwiching both surfaces of a core layer with skin layers each of which includes the member composed of at least one of a fiber reinforced resin member comprising reinforcing fibers and a thermosetting resin and a metal member, and the core layer is selected from a thermoplastic resin, a foam, and a porous base material comprising discontinuous fibers and a thermoplastic resin,
wherein a thermoplastic resin layer (D) is further provided on an outer surface of the board (A), and the board (A) and the injection molded bonding resin (C) are bonded via the thermoplastic resin layer (D).

US Pat. No. 11,110,684

ABRASION RESISTANT FILM FOR BIOCONTAINERS

EMD Millipore Corporation...


1. A material for biocontainers comprising a multilayered film, the multilayered film having an interior and exterior side,an abrasion-resistant substrate attached to the interior or the exterior side of the film wherein the substrate comprises:a polymeric woven fibrous material or a polymeric non-woven fibrous material,
a woven fibrous material or a non-woven fibrous material comprising metal fibers,
a woven fibrous material or a non-woven fibrous material comprising glass fibers, or
a woven fibrous material or a non-woven fibrous material comprising carbon fibers;

a polymer backing to attach the substrate to the film, the polymer backing comprising one of polyolefins, polyurethanes and nylons;
an outer protective layer disposed on the outside of the substrate to encapsulate the substrate; and
a gas impermeable layer disposed intermediate to the substrate and the outer protective layer, the gas impermeable layer comprising ethylene vinyl alcohol, wherein the biocontainer has at least two walls and an inner volume defined by the at least two walls, the biocontainer being formed of the multilayered film.

US Pat. No. 11,110,683

SUBSTRATES COMPRISING NANO-PATTERNING SURFACES AND METHODS OF PREPARING THEREOF

ILLUMINA, INC., San Dieg...


1. A process of preparing a substrate, comprising:contacting a template having a plurality of micro-scale or nano-scale patterns with a surface of a substrate comprising a photocurable polymer layer disposed thereon;
applying pressure to the template or substrate to transfer the plurality of micro-scale or nano-scale patterns to the photocurable polymer layer, wherein the contacting and applying are performed at room temperature;
irradiating the photocurable polymer with UV light to cure the photocurable polymer to form a UV cured polymer layer; and
separating the template from substrate;
wherein the substrate comprises a functionalizable layer in contact with the photocurable polymer layer, wherein the functionalizable layer comprises a functionalizable hydrogel or a functionalizable polymer, and wherein the functionalizable hydrogel or functionalizable polymer comprises one or more functional groups capable of attaching to biomolecules; and
wherein the one or more functional groups of the functionalizable hydrogel or the functionalizable polymer are selected from the group consisting of optionally substituted alkene, azide, optionally substituted amine, carboxylic acid, optionally substituted hydrazone, hydroxy, optionally substituted tetrazole, optionally substituted tetrazine, thiol, and combinations thereof.

US Pat. No. 11,110,682

SOLID-GAP MULTILAYERS FOR THERMAL INSULATION AND MANAGEMENT

The Regents of the Univer...


1. A multilayer structure comprising two or more solid layers, wherein each solid layer is separated from an adjacent solid layer by a gap, such that the multilayer structure comprises an alternating pattern of solid layers and gaps, and wherein the two or more solid layers are pre-stressed,wherein the solid layers are electrified, magnetized, or electrified and magnetized; wherein electrified layers are electrified via corona charging, thermal charging, space charging, grafting of charged components, adsorption of charged components, absorption of charged components, blending of charged components, mixing of charged components, embedding of charged components, heat charging, glow discharging, plasma treating, or combinations thereof; and wherein magnetized layers are magnetized via embedding, grafting, blending, mixing, attaching, adhering, adsorption, or absorption of magnetized components, or combinations thereof;
wherein the electrified layers have a non-uniform electric field distribution or a non-uniform magnetic field distribution along a surface of a layer in a planar direction, along a thickness of a layer in a transverse direction, or both; wherein the non-uniform electric field distribution or the non-uniform magnetic field distribution comprises dotted, stripped, curved, straight, circular, star-shaped, mesh-like, oval, rectangle, square, hexagonal, or irregular shapes, or combinations thereof.

US Pat. No. 11,110,681

DIFFUSION BONDED SILICON CARBIDE HAVING IRIDIUM AND HERMETIC SILICON CARBIDE-IRIDIUM BONDS

U.S. Department of Energy...


1. A hermetic bond for a joint, comprising:a first layer of silicon carbide;
a second layer of silicon carbide; and
a bonding layer positioned between the first layer and the second layer, wherein the bonding layer includes:
an iridium foil layer with no additives,
a first reaction zone positioned between the iridium foil layer and the first layer, and
a second reaction zone positioned between the iridium foil layer and the second layer, wherein the first reaction zone and the second reaction zone include iridium silicides.

US Pat. No. 11,110,680

METHOD OF DETERMINING WARP STATUS FOR CORRUGATED BOARD

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...


1. A warp determination method for a corrugated fiberboard manufacturing device, which determines warp statuses of a plurality of corrugated fiberboard one box outs, respectively, in the corrugated fiberboard manufacturing device, the corrugated fiberboard manufacturing device longitudinally cutting a corrugated fiberboard web conveyed in a sheet conveyance direction by a slitter scorer to form a plurality of corrugated fiberboard one box outs, transversely cutting the plurality of corrugated fiberboard one box outs in a sheet width direction, respectively, by a cutoff, and then, stacking the plurality of corrugated fiberboard one box outs on a sheet stacking unit of a stacker, the warp determination method comprising:measuring displacement values of the plurality of corrugated fiberboard one box outs downstream of the slitter scorer in the sheet conveyance direction and upstream of the sheet stacking unit in the sheet conveyance direction;
dividing a measurement range according to a width dimension that is a dimension of the plurality of corrugated fiberboard one box outs in the sheet width direction;
allocating the divided measurement ranges to the plurality of corrugated fiberboard one box outs, respectively; and
determining warp statuses of the corrugated fiberboard one box outs for each of the plurality of corrugated fiberboard one box outs, on the basis of the displacement values in the allocated measurement ranges.

US Pat. No. 11,110,679

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING BELT-SHAPED CORD MEMBER

Sumitomo Rubber Industrie...


1. A method for manufacturing a belt-shaped cord member by cutting a rubber topped fabric produced by covering a topping rubber on an interdigitated fabric formed by interweaving non-conductive warp textile cords and non-conductive wefts to a predetermined width, comprising;an interdigitated fabric forming step of arranging a cord having conductivity for every predetermined number of the non-conductive warp textile cords which is then interwoven with the non-conductive wefts to form an interdigitated fabric wherein all the wefts are non-conductive,
a rubber topped fabric producing step of topping rubber on the front and back surfaces of the interdigitated fabric to produce the rubber topped fabric, and
a cutting step of cutting the produced rubber topped fabric by every predetermined number of the textile cords,
wherein in the cutting step, the rubber topped fabric is cut along the textile cord in which a cord having conductivity is arranged, after the position of the textile cords is specified by energizing the rubber topped fabric.

US Pat. No. 11,110,678

TREAD EXTENSION DEVICE FOR USE IN RETREAD FINISHING

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...


1. A tread extension device, comprising:a first tread extension;
a second tread extension, wherein a tread that has a first longitudinal end and a second longitudinal end is located between the first and second tread extensions, wherein a longitudinal direction of the tread extends from the first longitudinal end to the second longitudinal end;
a first connecting device that connects the first tread extension to the first longitudinal end of the tread, wherein the first connecting device engages both the first tread extension and the first longitudinal end of the tread; and
a second connecting device that connects the second tread extension to the second longitudinal end of the tread, wherein the second connecting device engages both the second tread extension and the second longitudinal end of the tread;
wherein the tread has a tread surface and an underside surface, wherein the tread surface is opposite from the underside surface in a vertical direction of the tread, wherein the tread surface is configured for engaging a road surface, wherein the first connecting device has a needle assembly that has a needle that punctures the tread surface and connects the needle assembly to the tread.

US Pat. No. 11,110,677

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING RUBBER SHEET CONTAINING STEEL CORD

TOKUSEN KOGYO CO., LTD., ...


1. A manufacturing apparatus of a rubber sheet containing a steel cord, the manufacturing apparatus comprising:a feeding device which feeds the steel cord while keeping a specified tension;
a forming device which winds the steel cord being fed by the feeding device around engagement parts and engages the steel cord with the engagement parts, the engagement parts being disposed to be spaced from each other with a predetermined width; and
a placement device which places the steel cord wound around the engagement parts with the predetermined width by the forming device on a rubber sheet member,
wherein the forming device includes forming parts which press bent portions of the steel cord wound around the engagement parts to form a bending shape of the bent portions, and
wherein the placement device includes a plurality of retaining parts disposed in two rows to be spaced apart from each other with the predetermined width to retain the bent portions in a state in which the steel cord having the bending shape formed by the forming device is placed on the rubber sheet member.

US Pat. No. 11,110,676

MANUFACTURING METHOD AND MANUFACTURING DEVICE FOR EXTRUDED RUBBER MEMBER

The Yokohama Rubber Co., ...


1. A manufacturing method for an extruded rubber member comprising extruding at least one type of rubber from a die, the method comprising the steps of:feeding at least one thread through a preform die, the at least one thread being formed from at least one thread material selected from nylon, polyester, rayon or cotton, each of the at least one thread being fed individually and independently of any other of the at least one thread through a thread supply path configured for a single thread of the at least one thread, the thread supply path having a thread inlet and thread discharge port oriented in different directions relative to one another;
inserting the at least one thread into a flow channel of the at least one type of rubber; and
embedding the at least one thread in a longitudinal direction of the extruded rubber member.

US Pat. No. 11,110,675

TIRE BUILDING DRUM AND A METHOD FOR USING IT

VMI HOLLAND B.V.


1. A tire building drum comprising a rotational axis that defines an axial direction of the tire building drum, wherein the tire building drum further comprises a bead holder extending in a circumferential direction around the rotational axis at a first axial position for holding a bead at said first axial position and an axially movable arm drive member extending circumferentially around the rotational axis at a second axial position spaced apart from the first axial position, wherein the tire building drum is provided with turn-up arms which are distributed circumferentially about the rotational axis and which together form a circumferential surface for supporting tire components between the first axial position and the second axial position, wherein each one of the turn-up arms extends in a longitudinal direction from the arm drive member towards the bead holder and is hingably coupled to the arm drive member about a respective turn-up axis for turning up the tire components supported thereon around the bead at the bead holder as the arm drive member moves towards the bead holder, wherein the tire building drum comprises an annular sleeve that extends over the turn-up arms in their respective longitudinal directions to receive the tire components, wherein the sleeve is elastic in the circumferential direction and fits elastically around the turn-up arms, wherein the sleeve is provided with inelastic reinforcement elements extending in a reinforcement direction parallel to the longitudinal direction of the turn-up arms at least in the part where the sleeve is supported on the turn-up arm, wherein the sleeve is provided with a fixed end that is retained in the axial direction at or near the first axial position and a movable end that is movable over the turn-up arms in their respective longitudinal directions, wherein the movable end of the sleeve is a free end, that is not connected in the longitudinal direction to the turn-up arms with any connection that restrains the movement of the free end in said longitudinal direction, wherein the free end, is arranged to freely move in the longitudinal direction over the turn-up arms in response to contraction or expansion of the turn-up arms.

US Pat. No. 11,110,673

METHOD OF FORMING ANTIREFLECTION OPTICAL BODY, AND DISPLAY PANEL

Dexerials Corporation, T...


1. A method of forming an antireflection optical body on an adherend, comprising:an application step of applying an adhesive other than an epoxy adhesive onto the adherend;
a fixing step of pressing a substrate film having a fine structure body at one surface side thereof against the adherend from an opposite surface side to the one surface side to fix the adherend and the fine structure body through the adhesive to create a fixed fine structure body; and
a peeling separation step of releasing the pressing of the substrate film and peeling the fixed fine structure body that is fixed to the adherend through the adhesive from the substrate film while separating the fixed fine structure body from the fine structure body on the substrate film at a location where the fine structure body is fixed to the adherend such that the fixed fine structure body is formed on the adherend as an antireflection optical body.

US Pat. No. 11,110,672

EXERCISE WEIGHT STRUCTURE

ESCAPE ENVIRO LIMITED, Y...


1. A exercise weight structure comprising:a core formed from a particulate metallic material that is mixed with a binder material and molded to the shape of the exercise weight structure;
a molded outer skin that is at least partially formed from the same material as the binder material, and
wherein the molded outer skin is bonded to the binder material of the inner core, and
wherein the exercise weight structure having an annular body comprising opposing faces and a cutout extending between the opposing faces and the cutout receives a collar to permit mounting of the exercise weight structure on a shaft or bar.

US Pat. No. 11,110,671

LAYUP SUPPORT CONFIGURED TO PROVIDE SUPPORT FOR LAYING UP COMPOSITE MATERIAL

The Boeing Company, Chic...


1. A method of forming a composite structure comprising:placing a first composite material into a cavity of a mold;
placing a layup support over the first composite material and the cavity; and
laying up a second composite material comprising a number of composite plies over the layup support, the first composite material, and the cavity,
wherein the layup support comprises an at least partially cured composite material, a first edge having a first integrally formed filler and a second edge having a second integrally formed filler, wherein the first integrally formed filler fills a first radius formed by the first composite material and the second composite material and the second integrally formed filler fills a second radius formed by the first composite material and the second composite material.

US Pat. No. 11,110,670

STRUCTURAL REINFORCEMENTS

Zephyros, Inc., Romeo, M...


1. A device comprising:(a) an elongated pultruded carrier, the carrier including:i) a fiber phase and a polyurethane matrix phase, the fiber phase being surrounded in its entirety by the matrix phase; and
ii) a longitudinal axis whereby the carrier is shaped symmetrically on opposing sides of the longitudinal axis;

(b) an expandable sealant material located in direct planar contact with a portion of the carrier, the expandable sealant material being located onto the carrier in a continuous manner via a pultrusion or extrusion process; and
(c) one or more film layer portions located in direct planar contact with the carrier, the one or more film layer portions being located onto the carrier in a continuous manner via a pultrusion or extrusion process, wherein the one or more film layer portions are disposed on the carrier about one or more fastener openings of the carrier and the one or more film layer portions are substantially free of contact with the expandable sealant material prior to any activation of the expandable sealant material;
wherein the carrier is formed to include a rib structure extending along the longitudinal axis of the carrier, and the rib structure is free of contact with the expandable sealant material and the one or more film layer portions;
wherein the carrier includes an outer surface and an opposing inner surface, and the rib structure projects from the inner surface; and
wherein the expandable sealant material is located on both the outer surface and the opposing inner surface of the carrier.

US Pat. No. 11,110,669

FORMED ARTICLE OF FIBER-REINFORCED RESIN MATERIAL, AND METHOD AND DIE APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING THE SAME

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...


1. A formed article of a fiber-reinforced resin material comprising a plurality of stacked fiber layers and a resin, the stacked fiber layers being impregnated with the resin, the formed article comprising a first portion and a second portion formed to have a deep-drawn shape with respect to the first portion,wherein the first portion is flat and contiguous with the second portion;
wherein the second portion includes a gradually changing portion that extends from a bend in the formed article between the first portion and the second portion, the gradually changing portion extending to a thickened portion of the second portion, the gradually changing portion having a thickness that gradually decreases with distance from the first portion,
wherein the thickness of the gradually changing portion is defined by opposing side walls of the gradually changing portion, a first side wall of the opposing side walls being slanted with respect to a second side wall of the opposing side walls,
wherein the thickened portion is thicker than a thinnest portion in the gradually changing portion of the second portion, and
wherein the gradually changing portion and the thickened portion are distinct sections of the second portion.

US Pat. No. 11,110,668

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR FACILITATING A VACUUM BAGGING OPERATION DURING FABRICATION OF A COMPOSITE LAMINATE

The Boeing Company, Chic...


1. A method for vacuum bagging comprising:applying a vacuum bag, the vacuum bag comprising an interior surface configured to face a composite part, an exterior surface opposite the interior surface, and a pattern of indicia disposed on at least a portion of the exterior surface;
detecting vacuum bag stress levels in at least a portion of the vacuum bag by detecting a change in the pattern of indicia using an optical monitoring unit; and
manipulating at least a portion of the vacuum bag based on detected vacuum bag stress levels to even out the vacuum bag stress levels.

US Pat. No. 11,110,667

FABRICATION OPTIMIZATION FOR COMPOSITE PARTS

The Boeing Company, Chic...


1. A method for facilitating fabrication of a composite part, the method comprising:loading a Numerical Control (NC) program that directs layup of tows by a fiber placement machine to create a laminate for curing into a composite part;
extracting tow information recited in the NC program;
applying inputs based on the tow information to a neural network that has been trained with tow information extracted from prior NC programs, and measurements describing out-of-tolerance discrepancies for other laminates that have been laid-up according to the prior NC programs; and
reporting likelihood of a fabrication discrepancy that is out of tolerance, based on an output of the neural network for the NC program.

US Pat. No. 11,110,666

SYSTEMS WITH EXTERNAL HEAT-SEAL ASSEMBLY HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT CONTROL AND RELATED SEAL ASSEMBLIES

TIPPER TIE, INC., Apex, ...


1. A packaging system, comprising:a heat seal assembly with a heat seal contact member located in a housing; and
a user adjustment interface or member disposed external to the housing in communication with the heat seal assembly, wherein the external user adjustment interface or member directs the heat seal assembly in the housing to move vertically in response to user input; and
a horizontal adjustment system operable independently of the user adjustment interface to direct the heat seat assembly to move horizontally between a retracted HOME position and an extended RUN position.

US Pat. No. 11,110,665

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DIRECT INFRARED (IR) LASER WELDING

SOGEFI ENGINE SYSTEMS USA...


1. A method of welding at least two plastic components together, wherein the at least two plastic components are welded together at respective joining surfaces, wherein the at least two plastic components have differing geometries relative to each other, the method comprising:repeatedly scanning a first infrared (IR) laser beam across one of the joining surfaces and a second IR laser beam across another of the joining surfaces, of the at least two plastic components, wherein the IR laser beams heat each of the joining surfaces of the at least two plastic components to a welding temperature at about the same time;
adjusting at least one welding parameter of at least one of the first and the second IR laser beams to accommodate the differing geometries of the at least two plastic components; and
clamping the at least two plastic components together at the joining surfaces to create a weld;
wherein the at least one welding parameter includes at least one of a travel speed of at least one of the first and the second IR laser beams, a scanning frequency of at least one of the first and the second IR laser beams, or a duration at which at least one of the first and the second IR laser beams heats the at least one of the plastic components; and
wherein the repeatedly scanning comprises repeatedly scanning at least one of the first and the second IR laser beams across the joining surface areas at a rate of about ten to about two hundred passes per second.

US Pat. No. 11,110,664

METHOD FOR TREATING TERMINAL PORTION OF INTERIOR PART FOR VEHICLE

Shigeru Co., Ltd., Ota (...


1. A method for treating a terminal portion of an interior part for a vehicle, wherein the terminal portion is folded back to a back side thereof and welded to an adjacent portion adjacent to the terminal portion, the method comprising:a heating step wherein a hot air is provided from at least one hot-air nozzle toward a back surface of the terminal portion in a state in which a distal end edge of at least one heat shield panel is disposed along a boundary between the terminal portion and the adjacent portion and abutted against a back surface of the boundary, thereby softening the terminal portion and melting the back surface of the terminal portion; and
a folding-back step wherein the terminal portion is folded back by at least one pressing member at the distal end edge of the at least one heat shield panel, and after making the at least one heat shield panel retreated, the terminal portion is pressed against the adjacent portion by the at least one pressing member, thereby welding the back surface of the terminal portion to a back surface of the adjacent portion,
wherein a ventilation opening is formed in a selected heat shield panel of the at least one heat shield panel, and in the heating step, the ventilation opening is disposed in a position closer to the terminal portion than a blowoff end of the hot-air nozzle and a portion of the hot air from the hot-air nozzle is guided to the adjacent portion through the ventilation opening, thereby heating the adjacent portion.

US Pat. No. 11,110,663

POLYMER MULTI-MATERIAL HIGH-FLEXIBILITY LASER ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM AND METHOD THEREOF

Huazhong University of Sc...


1. A polymer multi-material high-flexibility laser additive manufacturing system, wherein that wherein the system includes a first robot, a second robot separated from the first robot, a positioner, a rotational extrusion nozzle and a laser, wherein:the rotational extrusion nozzle is used for extruding filaments and is provided with a plurality of extrusion modules, each extrusion module is used for extruding one kind of filament, the position of the respective extrusion module is adjusted by rotating the rotational extrusion nozzle to achieve switching of the extruded filaments, the rotational extrusion nozzle is connected with the first robot, and the first robot moves according to a preset trajectory to drive the rotational extrusion nozzle to move, so that switching of the extrusion filaments is achieved;
the laser is connected with the second robot, and is used for emitting a laser to fuse the filament after the filament is extruded from the rotational extrusion nozzle, and through the cooperative motion of the first robot and the second robot, the extrusion and fusion of the filament are performed synchronously and separately;
the positioner serves as a processing mesa, and a forming angle is adjusted by rotating the positioner to cooperate with motions of the two robots simultaneously, and motion trajectories of the positioner, the first robot and the second robot cooperate with each other without mutual interference.

US Pat. No. 11,110,662

METHOD OF PRINTING A HOLLOW PART WITH A ROBOTIC ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM

Stratasys, Inc., Eden Pr...


1. A method of printing a hollow part with a robotic additive manufacturing system, the method comprising:extruding thermoplastic material onto a build platform movable in at least two degrees of freedom, the extruding performed in a helical pattern along a continuous 3D tool path with an extruder mounted on a robotic arm so as to print a near-net, elongated hollow member having a length and a diameter following a complex curvature; and
orienting the hollow member during said printing by moving the build platform in more than one degree of freedom based on a geometry of the hollow member, wherein the movement of the build platform and a movement of the robotic arm are synchronized to print the hollow member to comprise overhanging or free-space segments without support structures.

US Pat. No. 11,110,661

SELF-MODIFYING PROCESS FOR ROTATIONAL SUPPORT STRUCTURE REMOVAL IN 3D PRINTED PARTS USING CALIBRATED RESONANT FREQUENCY

PostProcess Technologies,...


1. A method of removing support material, comprising:(a) placing a part having support material within a chamber, the chamber having a media arranged within the chamber;
(b) activating a pump to create flow of the media within the chamber;
(c) removing the support material from the part by agitating the part and the support material via an ultrasonic transducer emitting energy at a first agitation energy level, the first agitation energy level having a first frequency;
(d) measuring an amplitude at which the support material vibrates;
(e) analyzing the amplitude to determine whether the support material is vibrating at a resonant frequency;
(f) if the support material is not vibrating at the resonant frequency, agitating the part and the support material via the ultrasonic transducer at a second agitation energy level having a second frequency, and repeating steps (d) through (f) until step e results in a determination that the support material is vibrating at the resonant frequency; and
(g) if the support material is vibrating at the resonant frequency, maintaining the agitation energy level that causes the support material to vibrate at the resonate frequency.

US Pat. No. 11,110,660

POWDER BUILD MATERIAL HANDLING

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A powder build material handling system for a three-dimensional printer, the system comprising:a reservoir at a location physically separate from a build area, to store a supply of powder build material; and
a delivery system to carry powder build material in a flow of gas from the reservoir, to filter the flow of gas to separate the powder build material from the flow of gas, to deposit powder build material separated from the flow of gas to a powder deposition zone in the build area, and to direct the filtered flow of gas to the reservoir to form a closed system.

US Pat. No. 11,110,659

BUILD MATERIAL CONTAINER, AND COLLECTION TUBE STRUCTURE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. An additive-manufacturing build-material container comprisinga reservoir to hold build material;
a build-material outlet structure to allow build material to exit the reservoir through an outlet opening in a top portion of the reservoir, the outlet structure being attached to the reservoir around the outlet opening of the reservoir;
a longitudinal collection unit to collect build material from a gravitational bottom and guide the build material to the outlet opening at the top portion;
an adaptor portion of the longitudinal collection unit, the adaptor portion being removably attached to the outlet structure to secure the longitudinal collection unit in the outlet opening of the reservoir with the longitudinal collection unit extending into the reservoir, the adaptor portion having an interface that connects to an additive manufacturing system; and
a bottom-venting structure comprising a vent channel within the longitudinal collection unit, the vent channel comprising an air intake in the adaptor portion and extending along the longitudinal collection unit to a vent-gas delivery opening at a distal end of the longitudinal collection unit to deliver vent gas into a bottom portion of the reservoir.

US Pat. No. 11,110,658

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATED SUCCESSIVE THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING

R3 Printing, Inc., Wilmi...


1. A method of ejecting an object from a print area, the object being printed by a 3-dimensional printer, the print area comprising a build plane, a build platform constructed entirely out of a material with a melting point between 40° C. and 55° C., the build platform having a top surface, a bottom surface, and a reservoir configured to contain the build platform, a push mechanism, having a horizontal actuator attached to a plow, where the plow is located proximately to the build platform, the horizontal actuator being configured to provide sufficient force to eject the object beyond the build platform, and a temperature regulator, located below the bottom surface, the method comprising the steps of:providing, by the 3-dimensional printer, a printed object, wherein the printed object is adhered to the top surface of the build platform;
heating the build platform, by the temperature regulator, to at least the melting point of the build platform;
allowing, the build platform to melt and the printed object to become disjoined from the top surface of the build platform; and
pushing the printed object off the build platform by the plow of the push mechanism.

US Pat. No. 11,110,657

SWITCHING DEVICE FOR DOUBLE NOZZLES OF 3D PRINTER

SHANGHAI FUSION TECH CO.,...


1. A switching device for double nozzles of a 3D printer, mounted on a case of the 3D printer, and characterized in that:the case is provided with two guide slots, and two vertically disposed nozzle devices respectively penetrate into the two guide slots; and
the switching device for double nozzles comprises:two transmission blocks, which are in mirror image structures with each other, are respectively mounted on upper ends of the two nozzle devices and are respectively inserted into the two guide slots, wherein each transmission block is provided with a pressure supporting and transmitting portion and a block body; each pressure supporting and transmitting portion having a pressing-down stopping portion, a pressure transmitting portion and a restoring stopping portion which are connected in sequence; each block body having a vertical center axis with a coaxial hole passing therethrough for feeding a respective nozzle;
a rotary part, movably connected to the case and provided with two pressing parts; and
two spring parts, respectively sleeving the two nozzle devices (200), wherein each spring part supports a corresponding transmission block, so that the pressure supporting and transmitting portions of the two transmission blocks respectively push against corresponding pressing parts;

wherein:the rotary part is capable of rotating in a reciprocating manner, the rotary part drives the two pressing parts to respectively move on the two pressure supporting and transmitting portions and when each pressing part moves to the pressing-down stopping portion from the restoring stopping portion, each pressing part pushes the pressure transmitting portion to move downward;

when one pressing part moves to the pressing-down stopping portion of the contacted transmission block, the other pressing part moves to the restoring stopping portion of the contacted transmission block;
when each pressing part moves on the pressing-down stopping portion or the restoring stopping portion, the pressure supporting and transmitting portion keeps a stopping state;
the coaxial hole of each block body is always aligned with a central axis of each nozzle; and
there is always an offset between the central axis of each nozzle and each pressure transmitting portion.

US Pat. No. 11,110,656

SYSTEM FOR CONTINUOUSLY MANUFACTURING COMPOSITE STRUCTURE


1. A system for additively manufacturing a composite structure, comprising:at least one support;
a print head connected to and moved by the at least one support and configured to discharge a composite material;
an auxiliary tool connected to the at least one support; and
a controller configured to:cause the at least one support to move the auxiliary tool to follow a trajectory of the print head and temporarily receive the composite material discharging from the print head; and
thereafter cause the at least one support to move the auxiliary tool away from the received composite material to continue following the trajectory of the print head and receive additional composite material.


US Pat. No. 11,110,655

SYSTEM, PRINT HEAD, AND COMPACTOR FOR CONTINUOUSLY MANUFACTURING COMPOSITE STRUCTURE


11. A system for additively manufacturing a composite structure, comprising:a print head configured to discharge a continuous reinforcement at least partially coated with a matrix;
a support configured to move the print head during discharging;
a compactor operatively connected to the print head and being adjustable to vary a compaction force exerted on the matrix-coated continuous reinforcement discharging from the print head;
a sensor mounted at a side of the print head opposite the compactor and configured to generate a signal indicative of a surface characteristic of the composite structure; and
a controller configured to selectively cause adjustment of the compactor based on the signal.

US Pat. No. 11,110,654

SYSTEM AND PRINT HEAD FOR CONTINUOUSLY MANUFACTURING COMPOSITE STRUCTURE


1. A system for additively manufacturing a composite structure, comprising:a nozzle configured to discharge a continuous reinforcement;
an external applicator operatively attached to the nozzle and configured to move with the nozzle and apply a matrix to the continuous reinforcement during discharging of the continuous reinforcement from the nozzle; and
a cure enhancer operatively attached to the nozzle and configured to expose the matrix to a cure energy at a side of the external applicator opposite the nozzle to harden the matrix,
wherein the cure enhancer includes:an energy source;
a modifier located remotely from the energy source; andat least one transmitter extending from the energy source to the modifier; and


wherein the modifier at least partially encircles the nozzle.

US Pat. No. 11,110,653

THREE-DIMENSIONAL (3D) PRINTING

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A three-dimensional (3D) printing method, comprising:preparing a fusing agent by:diluting a dispersion including a plasmonic resonance absorber which is an inorganic pigment selected from the group consisting of lanthanum hexaboride, tungsten bronzes, indium tin oxide, aluminum zinc oxide, ruthenium oxide, silver, gold, platinum, iron pyroxenes, modified iron phosphates (AxFeyPO4), modified copper pyrophosphates (AxCuyP2O7), and combinations thereof;
centrifuging the diluted dispersion to separate the plasmonic resonance absorber;
milling the plasmonic resonance absorber; and
incorporating the plasmonic resonance absorber into an aqueous or non-aqueous vehicle including a silane coupling agent;

applying a polymeric or polymeric composite build material;
selectively applying the fusing agent on at least a portion of the polymeric or polymeric composite build material; and
exposing the polymeric or polymeric composite build material to electromagnetic radiation, thereby fusing the portion of the polymeric or polymeric composite build material in contact with the fusing agent to form a layer.

US Pat. No. 11,110,652

GENERATING A THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECT

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. An apparatus for generating a three-dimensional object, comprising:a build material distributor movable bi-directionally along a first axis to deposit successive layers of a build material on a support;
an agent distributor movable bi-directionally along a second axis orthogonal to the first axis to deliver an agent onto selected portions of successive layers of build material;
a first energy source disposed on a first side of the agent distributor and movable with the agent distributor bi-directionally along the second axis; and
a second energy source disposed on a second side of the agent distributor opposite the first side and movable with the agent distributor bi-directionally along the second axis.

US Pat. No. 11,110,651

METHOD OF PERFORMING POWDER BED FUSION PROCESS

NATIONAL CHENG KUNG UNIVE...


1. A method of performing powder bed fusion process, comprising:providing a powder bed, wherein the powder bed includes a substrate and a powder layer, the powder layer contains a plurality of powders, and the powder layer is deposited on the substrate;
obtaining a group of information of the powder bed, wherein the group of information of the powder bed includes a powder size distribution, material properties of the powders, and shape of the powders;
performing a powder bed simulation to obtain a packing density corresponding to different thickness of the powder layer by using the group of information of the powder bed according to a first algorithm, wherein the packing density of the powder bed is higher than a predetermined packing density value;
obtaining a group of parameters of a laser, wherein the group of parameters of the laser includes a laser type, and values of a laser power, a scanning speed, and a laser spot size;
performing a Ray Tracing simulation for the powder layer to obtain an absorptivity profile along a depth of the powder layer by using material properties of the powders, the group of parameters of the laser, and the thickness of the powder bed according to a second algorithm;
performing a heat transfer simulation to obtain a peak temperature and a dimension of a melt pool by using the group of parameters of the laser, a temperature of the substrate, the thickness of the powder layer, and the absorptivity profile according to a third algorithm, wherein the dimension of the melt pool includes a length, a contact width, and a depth of the melt pool;
constructing a first surrogate model to obtain a plurality of first processing maps for different thickness of the powder layer by inputting the peak temperature and the dimension of the melt pool in to artificial neural networks, wherein the first processing maps includes a number of points, and each point is corresponding to a combination of a scanning speed value and a laser power value;
calculating a depth of the melt pool of each point in the first processing maps by inputting the scanning speed value and the laser power value into the first surrogate model;
comparing the depth of the melt pool of each point with a predetermined depth value,when the depths of the melt pool of the points are smaller than the predetermined depth value, the points in the first processing maps are not applicable;
when the depths of the melt pool of the points are greater than the predetermined depth value, comparing the depth of the melt pool with a laser beam radius,when the depths of the melt pool of the points are greater than the laser beam radius, the points in the first processing maps are not applicable;
when the depths of the melt pool of the points are smaller than the laser beam radius, performing a parameter setting operation by setting the points in the first processing maps as a first group of parameter values;

performing a plurality of cycles of selective laser melting operation on a workpiece, wherein each cycle of selective laser melting operation including:performing the parameter setting operation by a controller using the first group of parameter values;
performing a laser melting operation on the powder layer of the workpiece; and
measuring a temperature distribution on a top surface of a solidified layer by using an infrared thermal camera, wherein the solidified layer is the powder layer melted by the laser and solidified.



US Pat. No. 11,110,650

VAT-BASED ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING WITH DISPENSED MATERIAL

Intrepid Automation, San...


1. A method of creating additive manufactured parts, the method comprising:providing a first composition in a vat, wherein the first composition is a liquid with a first viscosity;
providing a second composition to be dispensed, the second composition having a second viscosity, wherein polymerization components for formation of a layer of a part to be created are separated from each other, and wherein at least one of the polymerization components is in the first composition or the second composition;
placing a build platform in the vat, submerged under a top surface of the first composition;
during formation of the layer of the part, dispensing the second composition on the top surface of the first composition, the second composition being selectively dispensed in a shape area according to a pattern area of the layer of the part to be created; and
illuminating the top surface to expose the first composition and the second composition to light having a polymerization wavelength, thereby causing polymerization of at least one of the first composition or the second composition only in the shape area where the second composition was dispensed.

US Pat. No. 11,110,648

BUILD MATERIAL SWITCHING

MakerBot Industries, LLC,...


1. A method for three-dimension fabrication using an extruder having a feed to receive a build material and a nozzle to extrude the build material, the method comprising:receiving a tool path for the extruder to fabricate an object from a three-dimensional model, the three-dimensional model including a pattern of colors on a surface thereof and the tool path defining interstitial void space between infill formed by the tool path for use in fabricating the object;
identifying, within the tool path, a change from a first color of the pattern of colors to a second color of the pattern of colors that results in a portion of the pattern of colors on the surface;
calculating a transition having a transitional length including a beginning and an end for the change from the first color to the second color to occur, the calculation of the transition incorporating a safety margin to ensure that the transition is completed over the transitional length;
altering the tool path to cause a continuous excursion from the surface of the object for the transition having the transitional length including the safety margin, the transitional length beginning after the continuous excursion from the surface of the object and completing before a return to the surface of the object, wherein the continuous excursion includes a length located within the interstitial void space between infill formed by the tool path;
changing the build material supplied to the extruder from the first color to the second color; and
fabricating a portion of the object by moving the extruder along the continuous excursion after changing the build material supplied to the extruder.

US Pat. No. 11,110,647

ADAPTIVE COMPOSITE STRUCTURE USING SHAPE MEMORY ALLOYS

The Boeing Company, Chic...


1. An aerodynamic device comprising first and second skins, each of the first and second skins comprising shape memory alloy and thermoplastic material, wherein the shape memory alloy is embedded in the thermoplastic material and wrapped around an inner mold line of the aerodynamic device, and further comprising a first heating blanket adhered to an interior surface of the first skin, wherein the shape memory alloy of the first skin comprises an active portion embedded in the thermoplastic material of the first skin in an area overlapping the first heating blanket, and the first heating blanket comprises conductive foil in a serpentine pattern.

US Pat. No. 11,110,646

PEX TUBING EXPANDER HEAD

Brochman Innovations, LLC...


1. An expansion toolhead for an expansion tool, comprising:a cap operably coupleable to the expansion tool;
a plurality of jaws forming a 360 degree jaw section operably coupled to the cap, each of the plurality of jaws including an expansion tool interface portion forming a conical recess enabling a cone-shaped wedge of the expansion tool to move the jaw section between an unexpanded position and an expanded position, and a cross-linked polyethylene PEX tubing interface portion comprises a distal end, a proximal end, at least two lands, including a first land and a second land, positioned therebetween configured to form at least two substantially uniform diameter portions of the jaw section sequentially increasing in diameter between the distal end and the proximal end for an expansion of a respective first predetermined size of PEX tubing and a second, larger predetermined size of PEX tubing, a first ramp portion defining a first gradual transition between the distal end and the first land, a second ramp portion defining a second gradual transition between the first land and the second land, and a riser positioned between the first land and the second ramp portion, wherein the second ramp portion comprises a shallower angle with respect to a centerline of the toolhead than the first ramp portion, and the first ramp portion comprises a steeper pitch than the second ramp portion to reduce an expansion force required to expand the second, larger standard size of PEX tubing, and wherein the riser and a steeper angle of the first ramp portion relative to the second ramp portion reduce the overall length of the expansion toolhead.

US Pat. No. 11,110,645

METHOD AND SYSTEMS FOR APPLYING STRETCH FILMS/PLASTIC FILMS AT A CONTROLLED TEMPERATURE

RLMB GROUP, LLC, Honolul...


1. A method for increasing the temperature of a film before and/or during application of the film in a reduced temperature environment, the method comprising:providing a film to at least one roller;
providing a film preheater system that is configured to increase the temperature of the film, the film preheater system comprising a heat source that is configured to provide a targeted application of heat directly to the film, wherein the film preheater system is positioned so as to provide heat directly to a surface of the film and across a width of the film on the at least one roller;
warming the film from an ambient temperature of the reduced temperature environment to a temperature from about 2° C. to about 40° C. above the ambient temperature of the reduced temperature environment;
stretching the film on the at least one roller; and
wrapping the film around a perishable product;
wherein the ambient temperature of the reduced temperature environment to which the film is exposed is below 15° C.

US Pat. No. 11,110,644

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING CONTAINERS FROM BLANKS, WITH DETECTION OF DEFECTIVE OPENING OF SOLENOID VALVES

SIDEL PARTICIPATIONS, Oc...


14. Method for evaluating a future behavior of an apparatus for manufacturing a series of containers (23) by a series of blow molding cycles of a series of blanks (2) of plastic material, comprising, during each of the blow molding cycles:a step for inserting a blank (2) into a mold (26);
at least one step for putting the interior of the blank (2) in communication with at least one fluid circuit (34; 40; 46; 52) by means of a solenoid valve (EV1; EV2;
EV3; EV4) associated with said fluid circuit (34; 40; 46; 52);
at a specific time, referred to as solenoid valve opening trigger pulse (TEV1; . . . ; TEV4), sending an opening order to said solenoid valve (EV1; EV2; EV3;
EV4) that has a theoretical delay (Dt1; . . . ; Dt4) of opening, i.e., a time that theoretically must pass between the opening trigger pulse and the time when the solenoid valve (EV1;
EV2; EV3; EV4) actually opens;
wherein the method further comprises for a plurality blow molding cycles, steps comprising:
calculating a plurality of actual delays of opening of said solenoid valve (EV1; EV2; EV3; EV4), each actual delay being a time passed between the opening trigger pulse and an actual time of opening of the solenoid valve (EV1; EV2; EV3; EV4) during one of the blow molding cycles;
calculating a plurality of differences, each difference being calculated between the actual delay (De1; . . . ; De4) of opening and the theoretical delay (Dtl; . . . ; Dt4) of opening for one of the blow molding cycles;
calculating a parameter issued from said plurality of differences;
if the calculated parameter is greater than a maximum allowable value, transmitting a notification related to a future behavior of the apparatus.

US Pat. No. 11,110,643

HEAT-RESISTANT AND BIAXIALLY STRETCHED BLOW-MOLDED PLASTIC CONTAINER HAVING A BASE MOVABLE TO ACCOMMODATE INTERNAL VACUUM FORCES


1. A heat-resistant and biaxially stretched blow-molded plastic container produced via a double-blow process, the container comprising a base movable inwardly from an original state to a deformed state to accommodate vacuum forces generated within the container, thereby decreasing a volume of the container, wherein the base includes a movable wall that comprises a push-up portion, first and second parting lines that are separated from one another by a gap, and the first and second parting lines extend on opposite sides of the push-up portion, and at least one or more of the following:(i) a distance between each parting line and a center of the base is not more than 20 mm;
(ii) a distance between the first and second parting lines is not more than 40 mm; and/or
(iii) a distance between the first and second parting lines is less than 50% of a transverse dimension of the base measured between the two outermost points of the parting lines; and a substantially circular third parting line; wherein the first, second, and third parting lines are formed in the base during a first blow molding step; and wherein mold halves producing the first, and second parting lines heat portions of the base at a first temperature, a portion of the base heated by a protruding centering portion is heated at a second temperature, and the second temperature is lower than the first temperature.

US Pat. No. 11,110,642

MULTI-PRONG BLOW PIN WITH INTEGRAL AIR AND COOLING WATER CHANNELS

Silgan Plastics LLC, Che...


1. A blow mold pin for use in forming a blow-molded container including at least first and second chambers, the pin comprising:a prong base including an air inlet, a water inlet, and a water outlet, wherein the prong base is a cylinder having a radius;a first prong associated with the first chamber, the first prong extending from the base to a first end, the prong being integrally formed with the base, defining a first air duct coupled to the air inlet to form a first air passage from the air inlet to the first end, and defining a first cooling water manifold coupled between the water inlets and outlets to form a water channel therebetween; and
a second prong associated with the second chamber, the second prong being parallel to the first prong, extending from the base to a second end, being integrally formed with the base, defining a second air duct coupled to the air inlet to form a second air passage from the air inlet to the second end, and defining a second cooling water manifold coupled between the water inlets and outlets to form a water channel therebetween.


US Pat. No. 11,110,641

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR STERILIZING PREFORM

Dai Nippon Printing Co., ...


1. A method for sterilizing a preform, comprising:a light irradiation step of irradiating at least a mouth portion of the preform with light containing ultraviolet rays from a light irradiation apparatus, which is positioned above an opening in the mouth portion of the preform, with the light irradiation apparatus comprising a lamp for emitting the light containing ultraviolet rays and a dome-shaped reflector plate that comprises a plurality of surfaces that surround the lamp and an opening through which the light containing ultraviolet rays is emitted, such that both inner and outer surfaces of the opening in the mouth portion of the preform are irradiated with the light containing ultraviolet rays; and
a sterilizer gas blasting step of gasifying a sterilizer containing at least hydrogen peroxide and blasting the sterilizer gas to the preform,
wherein the light irradiation step is performed before the sterilizer gas blasting step.

US Pat. No. 11,110,640

CONTAINER AND MANUFACTURE THEREOF

Gr8 Engineering Limited, ...


1. A method of forming a container, the method comprising the steps of:i) providing an injection moulded preform composed of a biaxially-orientable thermoplastic material, the preform being substantially planar and having a peripheral edge and a central portion;
ii) clamping at least a portion of the peripheral edge of the preform in a frame, wherein the frame comprises a pair of upper and lower mating frame members forming an opening in the frame, wherein the peripheral edge is clamped between the frame members and the central portion is located in the opening and the frame is coupled to a heating device for heating the frame to a controlled temperature or the frame is coupled to a cooling device for cooling the frame to a controlled temperature;
iii) heating the preform, wherein the preform is clamped in the frame during the heating step iii;
iv) stretch blow moulding the heated preform, clamped with the frame, within a mould cavity defined by a first female mould to form an intermediate article having a bottom wall and an annular sidewall beneath an upper edge clamped within the frame, the stretch blow moulding step using a stretch rod to engage an inner side of at least the central portion of the preform and axially to stretch at least a part of the central portion of the preform prior to blowing a pressurized gas against the inner side which urges the opposite side of the preform radially outwardly against the mould; and
v) shrinking the intermediate article, clamped with the frame, onto a second male mould to form a container having a bottom wall, defining a base, and an annular sidewall, defining a body portion, beneath the upper edge clamped within the frame, the container comprising biaxially oriented thermoplastic material in the annular sidewall and at least an outer portion of the bottom wall.

US Pat. No. 11,110,638

EXTRUDER SCREW HAVING PATHS WITHIN THE SCREW, EXTRUDER, AND EXTRUSION METHOD

SHIBAURA MACHINE CO., LTD...


1. An extruder screw comprising:a transfer portion configured to continuously convey supplied materials;
a melt-and-mix portion configured to continuously melt and mix the conveyed materials; and
a kneading portion configured to continuously knead raw materials obtained by melting and mixing the materials,
wherein the transfer portion, the melt-and-mix portion, and the kneading portion are provided in a screw main body configured to rotate on a straight axial line, and
a conveyance portion configured to convey the raw materials, a barrier portion configured to limit conveyance of the raw materials, and a path through which the raw materials flow are provided at places of a portion of the screw main body in which the kneading portion is provided,
wherein
the conveyance portions and the barrier portions are alternately arranged along the axial direction of the screw main body,
the paths each comprise an entrance opened in the outer circumferential surface of the screw main body to cause the raw material, the conveyance of which is limited by the barrier portions to increase pressure on the raw material, to flow in, an exit opened in the outer circumferential surface of the screw main body to allow the flowing raw material to flow out to the outer circumferential surface of the screw main body, and a path main body connecting between the entrance and the exit, and
inside at least one barrier portion and two conveyance portions adjacent to respective sides of the barrier portion,
the respective path is provided entirely through the barrier portion and extends into the two conveyance portions adjacent to the respective sides of the barrier portion,
the entrance is provided in a downstream end of one side of the two conveyance portions with respect to a conveyance direction of the conveyance portions,
the exit is provided in an upstream end of an other side of the conveyance portions with respect to a conveyance direction of the conveyance portions, and
the raw material flowing into the entrance flows towards the exit in an opposite direction to the conveyance directions of the conveyance portions.

US Pat. No. 11,110,637

CO-ROTATING SELF-CLEANING MULTI-SCREW EXTRUDER WITH SPEED RATIO OF 2.5 AND EXTRUDING METHOD THEREFOR

Guangdong Industry Polyte...


1. A co-rotating self-cleaning multi-screw extruder with a speed ratio of 2.5 comprising a barrel and a screw mechanism installed in an inner cavity of the barrel, wherein the screw mechanism comprises a center screw and at least two peripheral screws; the peripheral screws are both of a double threaded structure, and the center screw is of a quintuple threaded structure; the peripheral screws rotate in the same direction as the center screw, the rotation speed of each peripheral screw is 2.5 times that of the center screw; and the peripheral screws are always meshed with the center screw during the rotation of the screw mechanism, whereas the adjacent peripheral screws are intermittently meshed.

US Pat. No. 11,110,636

INJECTION MOLDING MACHINE

Limworks, LLC, Ludington...


1. An injection molding machine comprising:a die set configured to receive a mold defining a mold cavity and having a material inlet;
a clamping system operable to selectively move the die set between an open position and a closed position; and
an injection system configured to introduce material into the mold cavity, the injection system having a carrier and an injection module, the injection module having an injection module inlet for receiving material from a supply of material and defining at least a portion of the flow path from the injection module inlet to the mold cavity, the injection system including a vacuum sleeve and a nozzle, the vacuum sleeve being movable with the carrier and disposed about the nozzle to define a vacuum outlet therebetween for drawing a partial vacuum in the mold cavity, the vacuum sleeve including a resilient tip projecting forwardly therefrom for creating a seal around the material inlet,
wherein, in a vacuum mode, the vacuum outlet is operatively engaged with the material inlet to allow a partial vacuum to be drawn into the mold cavity,
wherein, in a injection mode, the nozzle is operatively engaged with the material inlet to allow material to be injected into the mold cavity,
the nozzle being movable relative to the material inlet to transition between the vacuum mode and the injection mode while the resilient tip maintains the seal around the material inlet,
the nozzle comprising part of a removable module that is received within the vacuum sleeve of the injection molding machine.

US Pat. No. 11,110,635

METHOD OF INJECTION MOLDING USING RIBS AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES...


1. A method of reducing surface imperfections in an injection molded part, comprising:injecting a first thermoplastic polymer into a first cavity;
forming a ribbed structure comprising ribs in the first cavity, wherein each rib in the ribbed structure includes a microstructure on an outer portion of a rib; and
reducing the surface imperfections in the part by overmolding a layer formed in a second cavity onto a portion of a rib by injecting a second thermoplastic polymer into the second cavity, wherein the overmolding occurs at an interface between the layer and the ribbed structure,
wherein the interface is disposed on an outer portion of a rib including the microstructure, wherein the microstructure of the ribbed structure remains unfilled with the first thermoplastic polymer or the second thermoplastic polymer;
wherein the part has a Class A surface finish.

US Pat. No. 11,110,634

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR MAKING A POLYMERIC AIRCRAFT WINDOW PANEL

PPG Industries Ohio, Inc....


1. A mold for casting, from a polymer precursor liquid, a polymeric aircraft window panel, the panel comprising a central viewing portion having a curved first and/or second surface and a peripheral edge shaped for engagement with a framework of an aircraft to hold the aircraft window panel in place during operation of the aircraft, the mold comprising:a first mold half comprising a first mold surface;
a second mold half comprising a second mold surface;
a glass liner removably located over the first mold surface and/or the second mold surface, and
at least one shaped gasket comprising (i) an inner end positioned between a peripheral edge of the first mold half and a peripheral edge of the second mold half and (ii) an outer end positioned outward from the peripheral edges of the mold halves, the inner end comprising a rabbited or stepped surface shaped to form a rabbited or stepped edge for at least a portion of the peripheral edge of the panel,
wherein the first mold surface and/or the second mold surface are capable of conforming to a final shape for opposed major surfaces of the aircraft window panel including the central viewing portion and the peripheral edge of the panel, and
wherein an outwardly facing surface of the glass liner has a shape complementary to a shape of the first mold surface or the second mold surface.

US Pat. No. 11,110,633

IN-MOLD LID CLOSING APPARATUS

Nypromold Inc., Clinton,...


1. An in-mold lid closing apparatus, comprising:a first lid engagement member extending along a direction substantially parallel to an axis of rotation of a lid portion of a first in-mold lid and a second lid engagement member extending along a direction substantially parallel to an axis of rotation of a lid portion of a second in-mold lid;
a first actuation assembly connected to a first portion of the first lid engagement member and to a first portion of the second lid engagement member and a second actuation assembly connected to a second opposing portion of the first lid engagement member and to a second opposing portion of the second lid engagement member, the first actuation assembly and the second actuation assembly configured to dispose each lid engagement member between a first linear position and a second linear position relative to the respective first in-mold lid and the second in-mold lid and between a first rotational position and a second rotational position relative to the respective first in-mold lid and the second in-mold lid;
the first actuation assembly comprising:a linear actuator having a first base, a first translation element moveably coupled to the first base, and a second translation element moveably coupled to the first base, the first translation element of the first actuation assembly configured to translate relative to the first base along a first linear direction and the second translation element of the first actuation assembly configured to translate relative to the first base along a second linear direction, the second linear direction opposing the first linear direction,
a first rotary actuator having a first support coupled to the first translation element and a rotary element coupled to the first support and to the first portion of the first lid engagement member, and
a second rotary actuator having a second support coupled to the second translation element and a rotary element coupled to the second support and to the first portion of the second lid engagement member; and

the second actuation assembly comprising:a linear actuator having a second base, a first translation element moveably coupled to the second base, and a second translation element moveably coupled to the second base, the first translation element of the second actuation assembly configured to translate relative to the second base along the first linear direction and the second translation element of the second actuation assembly configured to translate relative to the second base along the second linear direction, the second linear direction opposing the first linear direction,
a first rotary actuator having a first support coupled to the first translation element and a rotary element coupled to the first support and to the second portion of the first lid engagement member, and
a second rotary actuator having a second support coupled to the second translation element and a rotary element coupled to the second support and to the second portion of the second lid engagement member; and

a controller disposed in electrical communication with the first actuation assembly and the second actuation assembly, the controller configured to:transmit a first drive signal to the first actuation assembly and a second drive signal to the second actuation assembly to drive one of the linear position and the rotational position of the first lid engagement member and the second lid engagement member, and
adjust at least one of the first drive signal and the second drive signal based upon a comparison of a first feedback signal received from the first actuation assembly identifying a position of the first portion of the first lid engagement member and a second feedback signal received from the second actuation assembly identifying a position of the second portion of the second lid engagement member.


US Pat. No. 11,110,632

ROLL-MOLDING

Velcro IP Holdings LLC, ...


1. A method of molding discrete features of thermoplastic resin extending from a common, flexible base sheet, the method comprisingintroducing molten resin to a molding nip between two counter-rotating rolls consisting of a mold roll and a pressure roll, each of the mold roll and pressure roll defining and rotatable about a respective rotation axis, the mold roll and pressure roll arranged such that their rotation axes are parallel and together define a common plane containing each of the rotation axes, the mold roll having an axle supported by a frame;
filling, with the introduced resin under pressure applied at the molding nip, molding cavities extending into the mold roll as the mold roll rotates;
solidifying resin in the filled molding cavities, and then
stripping the solidified resin from the molding cavities as the mold roll continues to rotate;
wherein the solidified resin is stripped from the molding cavities after the filled molding cavities have passed a rotating reaction roll forming a pressure nip with the mold roll, the reaction roll spaced from the pressure roll by a distance less than an outer diameter of the mold roll and rotatable about an axis spaced from the common plane; and
wherein the mold roll is simultaneously held against both the pressure roll and the reaction roll while the resin solidifies through more than 180 degrees of mold roll rotation before being stripped, such that during filling the molding cavities the frame applies a load to the axle to urge the mold roll toward both the pressure roll and the reaction roll to maintain pressure in the molding and pressure nips.

US Pat. No. 11,110,631

SYSTEMS, CURE TOOLS, AND METHODS FOR THERMALLY CURING A COMPOSITE PART

The Boeing Company, Chic...


1. A method for curing a composite part, comprising:placing the composite part onto a topside of a cure tool, wherein a bottom surface of the composite part contacts the topside of the cure tool and a top surface of the composite part is opposite the bottom surface of the composite part;
placing the cure tool and the composite part into an autoclave;
using the autoclave to apply external heat to the cure tool and the composite part, wherein air flows over the top surface of the composite part to heat the top surface of the composite part; and
applying additional heat to a backside of the cure tool via radiation provided by at least one heating source of the cure tool, so as to reduce a temperature difference between the backside of the cure tool and the top surface of the composite part being cured, wherein the backside of the cure tool is opposite the topside of the cure tool,
wherein the cure tool includes adjacent closed cell cavities on the backside of the cure tool, and wherein the at least one heating source comprises a plurality of radiative heating sources positioned in each of the closed cell cavities, and wherein applying additional heat to the backside of the cure tool via radiation comprises applying the additional heat using the plurality of radiative heating sources.

US Pat. No. 11,110,630

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONFORMAL COOLING DURING A LENS MANUFACTURING PROCESS

Essilor International, C...


1. A method for manufacturing a lens, the method comprising:heating a lens material to a temperature above its glass transition temperature;
delivering the heated lens material to a material flow path having a lens material inlet and a lens material outlet fluidly coupled to a cavity of a mold, the cavity defining a lens, the cavity including a first portion having a first thickness and a second portion having a second thickness, the first thickness being greater than the second thickness;
flowing the lens material through the material flow path into the cavity;
dissipating heat from the lens material through a heat transfer insert that forms a part surface of the cavity, the heat transfer insert comprisingat least one conformal fluid conduit comprisinga first conformal fluid conduit overlying the first portion, and
a second conformal fluid conduit overlying the second portion,

a first heating element proximate to the first conformal fluid conduit, and
a second heating element proximate to the second conformal fluid conduit; and

retrieving a solidified lens from the cavity after solidification of the lens material.

US Pat. No. 11,110,629

METHOD FOR PRODUCING RESIN PELLETS

Mitsubishi Gas Chemical C...


1. A method for producing resin pellets, comprising the following step 1 to step 3:Step 1: discharging a molten thermoplastic resin through a die in a form of a strand to obtain a discharged strand-shaped resin;
Step 2: cooling the discharged strand-shaped resin using a refrigerant to obtain a cooled strand-shaped resin; and
Step 3: cutting the cooled strand-shaped resin to obtain resin pellets,
wherein the discharged strand-shaped resin has a diameter of 1.5 to 4.5 mm, the molten thermoplastic resin is discharged in the form of the strand at a take-off speed of 1.5 m/s to 10 m/s, the die has 10 or more die holes, and a strand interval X defined by the following Formula 2 satisfies the following Formula 1:1.73×a?Xb?2.81×a??Formula 1


wherein a, b and X are as defined below:a=0.524
b=0.367
X(cm)={(effective die plate width)(cm)?(strand diameter)(cm)×(number of strands?1)}/{(number of strands)?1}??Formula 2
wherein the effective die plate width is a maximum distance between an outerside hole center of one die hole positioned at one end of the die and an outerside hole center of another die hole positioned at an opposite end of the die, and
wherein occurrence of defective pellets is suppressed by setting the strand interval according to Formula (2) which satisfies Formula (1) while using the take-off speed of 1.5 m/s to 10 m/s.

US Pat. No. 11,110,628

METHOD FOR PRODUCING HONEYCOMB STRUCTURE

NGK Insulators, Ltd., Na...


1. A method for producing at least one honeycomb structure, the method comprising:a honeycomb formed body producing step of producing at least one unfired pillar shaped honeycomb body;
a honeycomb formed body placing step of placing the at least one unfired pillar shaped honeycomb formed body on a receiving table such that that the at least one unfired pillar shaped honeycomb formed body stands thereon;
a honeycomb formed body conveying step of conveying the at least one unfired pillar shaped honeycomb formed body placed on the receiving table;
a honeycomb dried body producing step of drying the at least one unfired pillar shaped honeycomb formed body conveyed in the honeycomb formed body conveying step, or drying the at least one unfired pillar shaped honeycomb formed body while conveying it in the honeycomb formed body conveying step to obtain at least one honeycomb dried body; and
a firing step of firing the at least one honeycomb dried body to obtain at least one honeycomb structure,
wherein the receiving table comprises at least one protrusion; and
wherein, in the honeycomb formed body conveying step, the at least one unfired pillar shaped honeycomb formed body is conveyed while supporting it by inserting the at least one protrusion of the receiving table into a bottom surface of the at least one unfired pillar shaped honeycomb formed body placed on the receiving table.

US Pat. No. 11,110,627

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING CONCRETE BLOCKS


6. A method for a processing of concrete blocks, comprising the following steps:a) moulding the concrete blocks,
b) mechanical processing of edges of the concrete blocks on at least one side of the concrete blocks,
b1) vacuum cleaning of the concrete blocks,
c) curing the concrete blocks, and
d) coating of the concrete blocks,
wherein step b) occurs before step c),
wherein step b1) occurs after step b) and before step c),
wherein step d) occurs after step b) and before step c),
wherein the mechanical processing must occur in a wet concrete area, and
wherein in step b), the concrete blocks are mechanically processed, further including the step of processing burrs on the edges of the concrete blocks, and still further wherein chamfers on the blocks are not mechanically processed.

US Pat. No. 11,110,626

LIQUID PRESSURIZATION PUMP AND SYSTEMS WITH DATA STORAGE

Hypertherm, Inc., Hanove...


1. A method of operating a pressurized fluid jet cutting head, the method comprising:providing a cutting head having a plurality of component parts and a sensor configured to sense an operating condition of at least one of the component parts,
wherein the operating condition comprises at least one of temperature, leakage, moisture information, or number of operational cycles;
providing a computing device in communication with the sensor;
sensing the operating condition for a cutting operation;
transmitting a value of the operating condition to the computing device; and
altering an operating parameter of a subsequent cutting operation based on the value of the operating condition.

US Pat. No. 11,110,625

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR CUTTING MATERIALS


1. A cutting system for cutting a material, the cutting system comprising:a frame;
table systems supported by the frame, each of the table systems comprising a table for supporting the material and means for independently moving the table systems relative to the frame in lateral directions;
at least a first carriage unit and multiple second carriage units supported by the frame and independently operable to travel in a travel direction transverse to the lateral directions, the first carriage unit comprising an arm, the multiple second carriage units comprising arms;
multiple cutting devices independently movable along the arm of the first carriage unit;
means for moving the arm and the multiple cutting devices coupled thereto in the travel direction;
deburring devices coupled to the arms of the multiple second carriage units; and
means for moving each of the arms of the multiple second carriage units and the deburring devices coupled thereto in the travel direction;
wherein each of the multiple cutting devices is operated in conjunction with a corresponding one of the deburring devices;
wherein the means for moving the arm of the first carriage unit and the multiple cutting devices coupled thereto and the means for moving each of the arms of the multiple second carriage units and the deburring devices coupled thereto are independently operable to cause the multiple cutting devices and the deburring devices to simultaneously travel in the travel direction, the first carriage unit and the multiple second carriage units positioning, respectively, the multiple cutting devices and the deburring devices to simultaneously perform multiple cutting and deburring operations, respectively, from opposite surfaces of the material supported on the tables while the deburring devices are behind the multiple cutting devices relative to the travel direction.

US Pat. No. 11,110,624

CONTROL OF A CUTTING TOOL

Milwaukee Electric Tool C...


1. A device configured to remotely control a cutting tool, the device comprising:a user interface including a first user interface item and a second user interface item;
a processor; and
data storage including instructions that, when executed by the processor, cause the device to perform operations including:receiving information indicative of the first user interface item being actuated,
sending a first signal to enable the cutting tool,
receiving a second signal indicating that the cutting tool is ready to perform a cutting operation,
receiving information indicative of the second user interface item being actuated, and
sending a third signal causing the cutting tool to perform the cutting operation.


US Pat. No. 11,110,623

TOOL FOR CUTTING PANELS, IN PARTICULAR MADE OF RECONSTITUTED MATERIAL

ETABLISSEMENTS PIERRE GRE...


1. A cutting tool (100, 200, 300) for cutting a panel which is made of reconstituted material and which has a given thickness (e1, e2, e3, e4) the tool comprising a fixed support (10) on which a blade (20), having a given blade width (Lt), is mounted so as to be able to pivot by means of a pivot (21), between an open position for receiving the panel which is to be cut, and a closed position at the end of a cut, the fixed support (10) comprising a portion (2) that is provided with a first slot (3) which receives at least part of the blade (20) during the cut, the first slot (3) comprising two longitudinal edges (3a-3b) that are spaced apart from one another by a first slot width (Lfmax) which is strictly greater than the blade width (Lt) such that the blade (20) is spaced apart from each longitudinal edge (3a-3b) of the first slot (3) and does not come into contact with said longitudinal edges of the first slot when passing from the open position to the closed position, characterized in that the tool comprises at least one movable support (30, 40, 50, 60) that is mounted so as to be able to move about the rotation pin of the blade between an engagement position in which the movable support (30, 40, 50, 60) is arranged within the first slot and between the longitudinal edges (3a-3b) of the first slot (3) of the fixed support (10), and a retracted position in which the movable support (30, 40, 50, 60) moves in and away from the first slot between the longitudinal edges of the first slot of the fixed support, said at least one movable support (30, 40, 50, 60) comprising a second slot (33, 43, 53, 63) of a width (Lf, 11, Lf2, 143) smaller than the width (Lfmax) of the first slot (3) of the fixed support (10), and greater than the width (Lt) of the blade (20).

US Pat. No. 11,110,622

DEVICE FOR MANUFCATURING CHOPPED FIBER BUNDLE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

Toray Industries, Inc., ...


1. A device for manufacturing a chopped fiber bundle comprising a cutter roll provided with one or more disk blades on a circumference of a roll core, the roll core having a center axis, the center axis coinciding with a rotation axis of the roll core and the device also comprising a nip roll provided in parallel with the rotation axis of the roll core, the nip roll to feed a reinforcing fiber yarn to be continuously cut between the nip roll and the cutter roll, the device further comprising:a traverse guide running approximately parallel to the rotation axis of the roll core and traversing the reinforcing fiber yarn along the rotation axis of the roll core so that the reinforcing fiber yarn is led between the cutter roll and the nip roll, wherein the traverse guide comprises a pair of first traverse rolls and a second traverse roll, the first traverse rolls tuck the reinforcing fiber yarn while moving in a left and right direction along the rotation axis of the roll core to regulate the positioning of the reinforcing fiber yarn in a left and right direction, and the second traverse roll leads the reinforcing fiber yarn on the second traverse roll onto a surface of the nip roll.

US Pat. No. 11,110,621

HAIR CUTTING DEVICE


1. A hair cutting tool comprising:a shaped supporting body adapted for use as a handle by a user and provided with a gripping element for laminar bodies; and
a cutting blade having a laminar body provided with a single bevel and a cutting edge that defines a concave development line toward an inside of said laminar body in a direction of said supporting body,
wherein said laminar body of said cutting blade has at least one curved portion having a perimeter section comprising said cutting edge, and
wherein said curved portion defines a concave surface for said curved portion of said laminar body, said single bevel being provided on an opposite convex surface.

US Pat. No. 11,110,620

RAZOR CARTRIDGE AND RAZOR CARTRIDGE ASSEMBLY HAVING SEATING PROTRUSIONS OF DIFFERENT HEIGHTS TO SEAT AT LEAST ONE RAZOR BLADE

DORCO CO., LTD, Seoul (K...


1. A razor cartridge comprising:a plurality of razor blades, each razor blade having a cutting edge;
a blade housing configured to accommodate the plurality of razor blades;
at least one support member disposed in a frame of the blade housing comprising a front portion, a rear portion opposite the front portion, and two side portions connecting the front portion and the rear portion;
a plurality of seating protrusions disposed on the at least one support member;
a guard disposed at the front portion of the frame of the blade housing; and
a cap disposed at the rear portion of the frame of the blade housing,
wherein:
the at least one support member is extended in a direction transverse to the cutting edges of the plurality of razor blades between the front portion and the rear portion of the frame of the blade housing such that the front portion and the rear portion of the frame of the blade housing are connected by the at least one support member disposed between the front portion and the rear portion of the frame of the blade housing;
the plurality of seating protrusions are configured to seat the plurality of razor blades;
the plurality of seating protrusions are spaced apart from each other;
the plurality of seating protrusions include a first seating protrusion having a first height and a second seating protrusion having a second height lower than the first height;
the first and second seating protrusions protrude from a same surface of the at least one support member such that a base of the first seating protrusion and a base of the second seating protrusion have a same baseline that is parallel to a bottom surface of the at least one support member exposed at a bottom side of the blade housing;
the first height corresponds to a length between the baseline and a distal end of the first seating protrusion;
the second height corresponds to a length between the baseline and a distal end of the second seating protrusion; and
the cutting edge of the razor blade, which is inserted into a seating slot formed between the first seating protrusion and the second seating protrusion, extends past the distal ends of the first and second seating protrusions.

US Pat. No. 11,110,619

DOMESTIC APPLIANCE

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...


1. A domestic appliance comprising:a mechanical function unit having a movable member;
a housing containing a motor to operate the movable member to carry out a primary function of the domestic appliance; and
an electrical function unit contained in a detachable module positioned between the mechanical function unit and the housing, the electrical function unit comprising: an electrically operative member adapted to perform a secondary function of the domestic appliance; and
a generator adapted to convert mechanical energy generated by the motor into electrical energy to power the electrically operative member, wherein a battery, which is charged by the generator during operation of the mechanical function unit, is contained within the detachable module.

US Pat. No. 11,110,618

HAND-HELD SHEARING DEVICE


1. A single-handed hand-held device, comprising:a first member and a second member coupled together by a pivot point such that each member can rotate independently;
wherein the pivot point is located to facilitate an opening and a closing of the single-handed hand-held device during a cutting action;
a handle on a first region of each member;
wherein the first handle has a first eye-hole and the second handle has a second eye-hole; such that the first handle can facilitate a thumb insertion and the second handle can facilitate the insertion of at least two fingers of the human hand; and
an extension on a second region of each member;
wherein the handle and cutting edge of the extension of the first member are disposed approximately 90 degrees apart and the handle and cutting edge of the extension of the second member are also disposed approximately 90 degrees apart;
wherein the handles and cutting edges of the extensions form an angle that is approximately 90 degrees throughout a cutting action;
wherein the inner surface of the second handle which is in contact with the at least two fingers of the hand during the cutting action is disposed in the formed angle whereas the inner surface of the first handle which is in contact with the thumb of the hand during the cutting action is disposed outside of the formed angle;
wherein the shape of each handle and the angular distance between the cutting edges of the extensions and the handles facilitate an upright grip of the hand-held device;
wherein the upright grip is characterized as when a user grips the handles during a cutting action, the extensions are disposed below the handles.

US Pat. No. 11,110,617

LINEAR MOTION MECHANISM

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...


5. A linear motion mechanism comprising:a plurality of cylindrical bodies assembled in a multi-stage nested structure; and
a plurality of cascaded ball spline mechanisms, wherein
a spline shaft of each of the ball spline mechanisms is fixed to one of adjacent cylindrical bodies among the plurality of cylindrical bodies,
a nut of each of the ball spline mechanisms is fixed to another of the adjacent cylindrical bodies, and
the plurality of ball spline mechanisms are arranged within the cylindrical bodies in an off-axis manner from a center line.

US Pat. No. 11,110,616

SOFT ROBOTIC ACTUATOR ENHANCEMENTS

SOFT ROBOTICS, INC., Cam...


1. An apparatus comprising:one or more soft robotic actuators, the soft robotic actuators comprising: a hollow body including an elastomeric material, the hollow body configured to accept an inflation fluid, a proximal end having an opening for receiving the inflation fluid, and a distal end opposite the proximal end that forms a gripping tip; and
an angular adjustment device comprising one or more soft angle adjustors disposed adjacent to the proximal end of the one or more soft robotic actuators, the soft angle adjustors comprising one or more accordion extensions extending towards the distal end of the soft robotic actuators and being configured to be inflated independently of the soft robotic actuators.

US Pat. No. 11,110,615

ROBOT HAND, ROBOT, AND METHOD FOR ADJUSTING HAND WIDTH OF ROBOT HAND

FANUC CORPORATION, Yaman...


1. A robot hand comprising:a pair of movable members that is detachable from a wrist flange of a robot body and that are arranged at a distance from each other;
a holding part that is provided on each of the pair of movable members and that holds a workpiece;
a width adjusting mechanism that supports the pair of movable members so as to allow relative movement thereof in a width direction, which is a direction in which the pair of movable members are arranged, and that adjusts the distance between the pair of movable members via the relative movement of the pair of movable members in the width direction;
wherein the pair of movable members are relatively moved in the width direction as a result of the width adjusting mechanism being controlled by the operation of the robot body or as a result of the width adjusting mechanism being controlled by an operator; and
wherein the width adjusting mechanism comprises a lock mechanism that includes a knob screw that has a knob controlled by the robot body or the operator and that fixes the pair of movable members with respect to each other.

US Pat. No. 11,110,614

GRIPPING DEVICE HAVING A BERNOULLI GRIPPING UNIT AND A VACUUM GRIPPING UNIT

Broetje-Automation GmbH, ...


1. A gripping device for an end effector of a manipulator for holding a workpiece via its workpiece surface,having a Bernoulli gripping unit, with an outflow unit for discharging a flow from the Bernoulli gripping unit between gripping device and workpiece surface in such a manner that in a region—Bernoulli-negative pressure region—a static negative pressure for holding the workpiece is generatable by the flow,
and having a vacuum gripping unit with a suction chamber, wherein the suction chamber is formed by a bellows suction body, wherein in a region delimited by the suction chamber—vacuum negative pressure region—a static negative pressure for holding the workpiece is generatable, and
wherein the Bernoulli negative pressure region and the vacuum negative pressure region intersect at least in part or wherein the Bernoulli negative pressure region and the vacuum negative pressure region surround one another.

US Pat. No. 11,110,613

HOLDING MECHANISM, TRANSFER DEVICE, HANDLING ROBOT SYSTEM, AND ROBOT HANDLING METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...


1. A holding mechanism comprising:a first holding part;
a second holding part facing the first holding part in a first direction, the first direction being an approximately horizontal direction;
a first guide connected to the first holding part and capable of moving the first holding part in the first direction;
a second guide connected to the second holding part and capable of moving the second holding part in the first direction;
a third guide capable of moving the first guide in the first direction;
a fourth guide capable of moving the second guide in the first direction, and aligned with the third guide in the first direction;
a drive mechanism that changes a distance between the first holding part and the second holding part; and
a control device configured to estimate a shape of an object to be held, wherein
the first holding part and the second holding part are movable in a second direction intersecting with the first direction, the second direction being an approximately vertical direction,
each of the first holding part and the second holding part includes:a second detector that detects a displacement amount in the second direction, and
an elastic part that applies an elastic force in the second direction,

the second detector is aligned with the elastic part in the second direction, and
the control device estimates the shape of the object based on the displacement amount.

US Pat. No. 11,110,612

PROCESSING DEVICE, SYSTEM, AND CONTROL METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...


1. A processing device, comprising:a memory configured to store model information that indicates a model corresponding to a first robot, whereinthe first robot includes:a passive articulation,
an operation body in a link connected to the passive articulation, and
a first force sensor that detects a force applied to the operation body, and

the model regards the first force sensor as a virtual articulation; and

a processing unit configured to estimate, based on the model indicated by the model information, a holding force with which an operator holds the operation body.

US Pat. No. 11,110,611

AUTOMATIC DETECTION AND ROBOT-ASSISTED MACHINING OF SURFACE DEFECTS

Atensor Engineering And T...


1. A method for automated detection and robot-assisted machining of a defect in a workpiece surface, the method comprising:optically inspecting, using an optical inspection system, the workpiece surface of a workpiece to detect a defect;
measuring, in three dimensions and using optical sensors of the optical inspection system, the workpiece surface in an area of the detected defect;
determining a topography of the workpiece surface in the area of the defect;
determining a parameter set that characterizes a determined topography of the defect;
categorizing the defect based on the determined parameter set, wherein the defect is assigned to a defect category;
selecting a machining process dependent on the defect category of the defect, wherein each machining process is associated with a template of a machining path along which the defect is to be machined;
determining a machining path for the defect, wherein determining the machining path includes projecting the template onto the workpiece surface in accordance with a CAD model of the workpiece;
generating, via a computing device, a robot program for robot-assisted machining of the defect.

US Pat. No. 11,110,610

WORKBENCH SYSTEM

BAE Systems plc, London ...


1. A method for a workbench system, the workbench system comprising a workbench, a multi-axis robot comprising an end effector for holding an object, a visible light projector, a camera, and a controller, the workbench and the robot being located in a common workspace, the method comprising:determining, by the controller, a movement operation for the robot, the movement operation being such that the robot presents multiple different views of the object held by the end effector to the camera;
using the determined movement operation, controlling the visible light projector to project a visible light indication onto at least one of a surface of the workbench and a surface of the workspace;
controlling, by the controller, the robot to perform the movement operation;
controlling, by the controller, the camera to capture images of the multiple different views of the object held by the end effector;
controlling, by the controller, the visible light projector to project a visible light indicator on to the object held by the end effector; and
performing, by the controller, a validation process using the images captured by the camera, wherein
the visible light indication indicates a limited area of the workbench and/or workspace, the limited area corresponding to a limited volume of space, and
the movement operation is such that, when the robot performs the movement operation, the robot moves entirely within only the limited volume of space.

US Pat. No. 11,110,609

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A ROBOT ARM

ABB SCHWEIZ AG, Baden (C...


1. A method for visually controlling a robot arm which is displaceable in a plurality of degrees of freedom, the robot arm carrying at least one displaceable reference point, the method comprising the steps of:a) placing at least one camera so that a target point where the reference point is to be placed is contained in an image output by the at least one camera;
b) displacing the robot arm so that the reference point is within the image;
c) determining a vector which, in the image, connects the reference point to the target point;
d) choosing one of the plurality of degrees of freedom, moving the robot arm by a predetermined standard distance in the one degree of freedom, and recording a standard displacement of the reference point within the image resulting from the movement of the robot arm;
e) repeating step d) at least until the vector can be decomposed into a sum of standard displacements times associated weighting factors; and
f) moving the robot arm by the weighting factors times the standard distances associated with the standard displacements of the sum.

US Pat. No. 11,110,608

ROBOTIC PHYSICAL MOVEMENT ADJUSTMENT BASED ON USER EMOTIONAL STATE

International Business Ma...


1. A processor-implemented method comprising:receiving, by one or more processors, sensor readings from one or more sensors, wherein the one or more sensors are monitoring a human in real time, wherein the human is currently observing a robotic action by a robot, wherein the robotic action is a physical movement performed by the robot;
determining, by one or more processors and based on the sensor readings, an emotional state of the human caused by the human observing the robotic action by the robot, wherein the emotional state of the human is fear; and
in response to determining, by one or more processors and based on the sensor readings, that the emotional state of the human caused by the human observing the robotic action by the robot is fear, reducing, by one or more processors, a velocity of movements made by the robot while performing a physical task.

US Pat. No. 11,110,607

SERVO OUTPUT SHAFT ROTATIONAL ANGLE CALIBRATION METHOD AND SYSTEM AND ROBOT USING THE SAME

UBTECH ROBOTICS CORP LTD,...


1. A computer-implemented angle calibration method for a servo, comprising:providing a robot, wherein the robot comprises a plurality of joints, each of the joints is provided with at least one servo and a limit mechanism corresponding to each servo, and the limit mechanism is installed inside the joint;
obtaining a servo output shaft rotational angle calibration instruction;
controlling an output shaft of the servo to rotate in a preset rotational direction according to the servo output shaft rotational angle calibration instruction;
determining whether the output shaft of the servo has rotated to an end point and has a stalling;
obtaining a current angle of the output shaft of the servo in response to the output shaft of the servo having rotated to the end point and having the stalling; and
calibrating a preset end point angle of the output shaft of the servo by using the current angle of the output shaft of the servo as the preset end point angle, wherein the preset end point angle refers to a maximum angle that the output shaft of the servo can be rotated after the servo is powered on:
wherein the step of determining whether the output shaft of servo has rotated to the end point and has the stalling comprises:
detecting whether the output shaft of the servo has rotated to a position of the limit mechanism corresponding to the servo; and
determining the output shaft of the servo having rotated to the end point and having the stalling in response to the output shaft of the servo having rotated to the position of the limit mechanism corresponding to the servo.

US Pat. No. 11,110,606

COORDINATING WORK WITHIN A MULTI-ROBOT CELL

The Boeing Company, Chic...


1. A method for coordinating operations of robots performing work on a part, the method comprising:assigning a group of robots to a part;
initiating work on the part via the group of robots;
determining that a first robot within the group is unable to continue performing work at a first location of the part;
removing the first robot from the first location and the group while other robots of the group continue performing the work;
adding a functioning robot to the group at a second location of the part that the first robot was scheduled to occupy during the work; and
continuing work on the part via the group of robots.

US Pat. No. 11,110,605

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING THE MOTION OF ONE OR MORE COLLABORATIVE ROBOTS

Politecnico Di Milano, M...


1. A method for controlling one or more collaborative robots, each one of said one or more collaborative robots being mounted on a fixed or movable base and being equipped with:one or more terminal members;
a motion controller configured to move, along predetermined directions, said one or more terminal members based on a position of at least a human operator;

wherein said method comprises the following iterative steps:determining position coordinates of said human operator;
determining position coordinates of each one of said terminal members;
for each terminal member determining, as a function of both said position coordinates of said terminal member and said position coordinates of said human operator, a plurality of productivity indices;each productivity index being associated with a respective one of said predetermined directions;
each productivity index being indicative of a maximum speed at which a respective terminal member can move, in a respective one of said predetermined directions, at least in case of a presence of said human operator;

supplying to said motion controller said productivity indices;
activating said motion controller to move, along said predetermined directions, said one or more terminal members based on said productivity indices.

US Pat. No. 11,110,604

POSTURE CONTROL DEVICE FOR ROBOT AND ROBOT HAVING THE SAME


1. A posture control device for a robot comprising:a thruster configured to generate a propulsive force for supporting or hauling a load of a robot part; and
a rotation mechanism installed between the robot part and the thruster so as to enable the robot part to rotate with respect to the thruster, or the thruster to rotate with respect to the robot part,
wherein the rotation mechanism comprises rotation driving units that rotate the robot part or the thruster about at least two axes of rotation that form a right angle with respect to each other,
the rotation driving units comprises a first rotation driving unit having a first axis of rotation that forms a right angle with respect to an axis of the thruster and a second rotation driving unit having a second axis of rotation that forms a right angle with respect to each of the axis of the thruster and the first axis of rotation,
the rotation mechanism comprises a thruster coupling unit coupled to the thruster and a frame coupled with the robot part to be rotatable about the first axis of rotation,
the thruster coupling unit and the frame are coupled to each other to be rotatable about the second axis of rotation by the second rotation driving unit, and
the first rotation driving unit comprises a motor that is installed to be rotatable about the second axis of rotation and generates a rotational force, a driving unit body being rotated with respect to the thruster coupling unit together with the motor and the frame when the frame or the thruster coupling unit is rotated about the second axis of rotation, and a power transmission mechanism that transmits the rotational force of the motor to a rotation element, which is fixed to the robot part on the first axis of rotation, so that the robot part is rotated with respect to the frame or the frame is rotated with respect to the robot part about the first axis of rotation.

US Pat. No. 11,110,603

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR NAïVE PHYSICS FOR CONTACT AND CONTACT-AWARENESS IN ROBOTIC TELEOPERATION

Toyota Research Institute...


1. A method comprising:detecting an object in a real environment of a robot;
inferring an expected amount of force needed for an effectuator of the robot to interact with the object based upon a representation of the object within a representation of the real environment of the robot;
receiving user input directing the effectuator of the robot to interact with the representation of the object within the representation of the real environment of the robot;
sensing, via a sensor of the robot, a detected amount of force utilized for interaction of the effectuator of the robot with;
detecting a conflict between the expected amount of force for interaction with the object and the detected amount of force utilized for the effectuator of the robot to interact with the object, wherein the detected amount of force utilized differs from the expected amount of force;
updating, based on the conflict, an expected amount of force value based on the detected amount of force utilized; and
adjusting an amount of force to apply to the object based on the conflict.

US Pat. No. 11,110,602

ROBOT CONTROL DEVICE AND ROBOT SYSTEM

Seiko Epson Corporation


1. A robot control device comprising:a memory configured to store a program; and
a processor configured to execute the program so as to:cause an imaging device to capture a first image of a target object placed on a work stand so as to obtain first image data of the target object;
store the first image data into the memory;
extract a contour of the target object based on the first image data;
obtain a point cloud of the contour of the target object;
store the point cloud of the contour of the target object into the memory;
store a point sequence of the point cloud into the memory;
determine a correlation between the contour and an imaging device coordinate system of the imaging device;
store the correlation into the memory;
cause a robot to operate after the first image data, the point cloud, the point sequence, and the correlation are stored into the memory;
cause the imaging device to capture a second image of the target placed on the work stand so as to obtain second image data of the target object during the operation of the robot;
perform pattern matching by comparing between the second image data and the stored contour of the target object to obtain a matched contour of the target object in the second image;
convert the imaging device coordinate system relating to the point sequence of the matched contour into a robot coordinate system of the robot; and
cause the robot to operate with respect to the target object based on the point sequence of the matched contour under the robot coordinate system.


US Pat. No. 11,110,601

SCHEDULING ROBOTS FOR ROBOTIC PROCESS AUTOMATION

UIPATH, INC., New York, ...


1. A computer-implemented method for performing a robotic process automation (RPA) workflow, comprising:receiving an indication to execute a job scheduled for performing an RPA workflow for a user, the user belonging to a user group associated with access rights;
identifying a robot from a robot group, the robot group being associated with the same access rights as the user group; and
dispatching the robot to a computing device to execute the job for performing the RPA workflow.

US Pat. No. 11,110,600

AIRPORT ROBOT AND OPERATION METHOD THEREOF

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...


1. An airport robot comprising:a processor configured to set a movement path through which driving is to be performed for a prescribed time by the airport robot, based on airplane flight information;
a motor configured to provide a force to drive the airport robot along the movement path; and
a display configured to present guidance information,
wherein the guidance information includes at least a portion of the airplane flight information corresponding to the movement path along which the airport robot drives and a movement path map presenting information associated with the movement path, and
wherein the processor is configured to set the movement path so that the airport robot shuttles between a check-in counter and a boarding gate for a prescribed length of time with respect to a departure estimation time.

US Pat. No. 11,110,599

ROBOT, CONTROL DEVICE OF ROBOT, AND METHOD OF TEACHING POSITION OF ROBOT

KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIK...


1. A robot configured to carry a substrate to a substrate target position at which the substrate is to be placed,the robot comprising:
a robot arm;
a hand attached to a tip end of the robot arm;
a camera fixed and attached to a portion of the hand other than a substrate placing portion of the hand so as to take an image of the substrate placing portion, the substrate being placed at the substrate placing portion;
an image data acquirer configured to acquire image data taken by the camera, the image data including a teaching substrate and the substrate placing portion of the hand, the teaching substrate being arranged as a teaching target at the substrate target position;
a virtual substrate information generator configured to generate information of a virtual substrate virtually arranged at the substrate placing portion of the hand in the image data;
an operating unit configured to receive an input and generate operation information corresponding to the input;
a screen display unit configured to display an image of the teaching substrate and an image of the virtual substrate on a screen;
a robot operation control unit configured to control an operation of the robot arm in accordance with the operation information generated by the operating unit; and
a teaching data record unit configured to store, as teaching data, a position of the hand when the virtual substrate has coincided with the teaching substrate.

US Pat. No. 11,110,598

COMPACT DIRECT DRIVE SPINDLE

BROOKS AUTOMATION, INC., ...


1. A substrate transport apparatus comprising:a frame;
at least one arm link movably connected to the frame; and
a drive section connected to the frame for driving the at least one arm link and including drive motors arrayed in column, each of the drive motors in column having a covering, a motor stator mounted to the covering, a motor rotor disposed at least partially within the covering and a stator seal, the stator seal being disposed between the motor stator and motor rotor, surrounding the motor rotor and has a sealing surface interface, that interfaces with a sealing covering surface, facing the rotor to seal the motor stator from the motor rotor;
wherein the drive motors in column are arrayed at different heights with respect to each other and the sealing covering surface interfaced, at the sealing surface interface facing the rotors, to the stator seals of each respective drive motor arrayed in column together form a substantially continuous seal interface of the drive motors sealed by the stator seals arrayed in column to form a continuous barrier seal between the motor rotors, the motor stators, and encoders of each motor.

US Pat. No. 11,110,597

SOFT POLY-LIMB SYSTEMS

Arizona Board of Regents ...


1. A soft poly-limb system, comprising:a first actuator segment, a second actuator segment, and a third actuator segment forming the soft poly-limb, wherein each of the first actuator segment, the second actuator segment, and the third actuator segment comprise a plurality of ring reinforced actuators;
a control system whereby a user may control the soft poly-limb;
a backpack mount coupled to the first actuator segment; and
a storage pouch coupled to the backpack mount,
wherein the first actuator segment, the second actuator segment, and the third actuator segment are storable within the pouch when not in use,
wherein each ring reinforced actuator is fluid-driven and comprises a plurality of rings dispersed along an external surface of an actuator body,
wherein the plurality of rings are configured to restrain radial expansion and promote linear extension motion, and
wherein the soft poly-limb is configured with at least nine degrees of freedom.

US Pat. No. 11,110,596

MASTER-SLAVE MANIPULATOR AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...


1. A master-slave manipulator comprising:a remote operation device, serving as a master, that is configured to provide operation information corresponding to multiple degrees of freedom;
a slave manipulator having a plurality of joints corresponding to multiple degrees of freedom and including a redundant joints among the joints; and
a controller that is configured to control the operation of the joints in accordance with the operation information,
wherein, when it is determined that a distal end of the slave manipulator operates, the controller determines, among the joints in a redundant relationship, drive ratios ? of a joint disposed on a base end side to a joint disposed on a distal end side within a range of 0

US Pat. No. 11,110,595

MAST SYSTEMS FOR AUTONOMOUS MOBILE ROBOTS

iRobot Corporation, Bedf...


1. An autonomous mobile robot comprising:a body;
a drive to maneuver the body across a floor surface;
an image capture device; and
an elongate flexible member comprisinga polymer layer forming a central portion of the flexible member, the polymer layer extending along an entire length of the flexible member,
first and second fabric portions forming lateral portions of the flexible member, the first and second fabric portions extending along first and second lateral edges, respectively, of the polymer layer,
a first portion of a fastening mechanism extending along a lateral edge of the first fabric portion and a second portion of the fastening mechanism extending along a lateral edge of the second fabric portion, wherein the first portion of the fastening mechanism is directly attached to the second portion of the fastening mechanism to connect the lateral edge of the first fabric portion and the lateral edge of the second fabric portion such that the first and second fabric portions, the polymer layer, and the fastening mechanism form a conduit to support the image capture device, the conduit comprising an inner surface and an outer surface, and the outer surface of the conduit being defined by the polymer layer, the first and second fabric portions, and the fastening mechanism, and
an end portion vertically movable away from the body, wherein the central portion is configured to deflect such that the lateral edges of the first and second fabric portions are moved toward one another as the end portion of the flexible member moves away from the body, and wherein the image capture device is mounted to the end portion of the flexible member such that the image capture device moves vertically away from the body as the end portion moves vertically away from the body,
wherein a perimeter of a cross section of the conduit comprises a first segment and a second segment, the first segment comprising a first end connected to a first end of the second segment and a second end connected to a second end of the second segment, wherein the second segment has a curvature more than a curvature of the first segment, and wherein the polymer layer extends along the second segment.


US Pat. No. 11,110,594

FINE WORK ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AND FINE WORK MANIPULATOR

Kyushu University, Nation...


1. A fine work assistance system comprising a master-slave manipulator, in which a slave unit performs a predetermined operation for fine work on a work object in response to input of a user operation to a master unit of the manipulator,the fine work assistance system comprising:
an imaging unit that captures an image of the work object; and
a display unit that enlarges the work object image captured by the imaging unit and displays the image for a visual check by a user,
wherein the slave unit has a parallel link mechanism with at least 3 degrees of freedom, the parallel link mechanism including a base that is supported in a predetermined location in a space where the work object is present, an end effector that handles the work object or a work instrument, and a plurality of links that are disposed in parallel between the base and the end effector, the parallel link mechanism being capable of changing a position and orientation of the end effector in a predetermined range relative to the base,
wherein the parallel link mechanism includes a plurality of linear actuators supported by the base, each linearly moving one end of the link and moving the end effector connected to the other end of the link,
the end effector includes a tip operation part that handles the work object or the work instrument with at least 1 degree of freedom in addition to a motion of the overall parallel link mechanism different from that of the end effector, and a hydraulic driving mechanism that produces a motion for handling the work object or the work instrument by the tip operation part,
the master unit includes an operation input unit that receives a user operation, and a support mechanism unit that is capable of acquiring information on a position and orientation of the operation input unit while movably supporting the operation input unit with the same degree of freedom as the parallel link mechanism,
the operation input unit has an input mechanism that changes a fluid pressure of hydraulic fluid in response to a predetermined user operation independent of an operation for moving the overall operation input unit, the input mechanism being connected to the hydraulic driving mechanism in the end effector of the slave unit so as to pass the hydraulic fluid through a pipe, and
the hydraulic driving mechanism activates the tip operation part in response to a change of a fluid pressure of hydraulic fluid by a user operation on the input mechanism in the operation input unit.

US Pat. No. 11,110,593

ROBOTS AND SYSTEMS FOR AUTOMATED STORAGE AND RETRIEVAL

Ferromotion Technologies ...


1. A system for storing and transporting objects, the system comprising:a storage structure comprising a first downwardly-facing surface;
a first robot configured to travel on the first surface, the first robot comprising:one or more adhesion magnets constructed and arranged to adhere the robot to the surface via an attractive magnetic force;
a load sensor; and
a controller configured to adjust the attractive magnetic force in response to a change in a force measured by the load sensor; and

a second robot configured to receive objects from the first robot, wherein:the first robot is configured to retrieve an object from the storage structure and travel along the first surface; and
the first and second robots are configured to transfer the object from the first robot to the second robot.


US Pat. No. 11,110,592

REMOTE CONTROL ROBOT SYSTEM

KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIK...


1. A remote control robot system, comprising:a slave arm configured to perform a given work;
a master arm having a motor configured to drive a joint, and configured to receive from an operator an operation to manipulate the slave arm;
an instruction generating module configured to generate an instruction to apply to the master arm an imaginary external force in a given direction that is independent from a force received by the slave arm from the exterior; and
a motor controller configured to supply, to the motor, drive current corresponding to the instruction sent from the instruction generating module.

US Pat. No. 11,110,591

DRAWER-TYPE TOOLBOX


8. A toolbox comprising:a box having a box body and a cover and a drawer, said box body having a top surface and an abutting surface at a lateral opening thereof, said cover having a top surface and a contact surface and a cover surface, the top surface of the cover and the top surface of the box body being pivotally connected to each other by a pivot, the cover being pivotally movable between an open position and a closed position relative to the box body, the drawer having a storage space therein, the box body receiving a portion of the drawer therein, another portion of the drawer being covered by the cover;
a slide rail arrangement arranged between the box body and the drawer, said slide rail arrangement extending to a face of the box body, the face of the box body bearing against a face of the cover when the cover is in the closed position, the drawer being slidably mounted in the slide rail arrangement; and
an auxiliary restraining structure formed by a downward tilt of a front end of a closing line formed between a pair of sides of the cover and the cover when the cover is in the closed position such that the cover restricts a forward slide path of the drawer when the cover is in the closed position, and restricting a sliding movement of the drawer.