US Pat. No. 11,065,886

PRINTER

FUJITSU COMPONENT LIMITED...


1. A printer, comprising:a print head;
a frame;
a platen roller attached to the frame;
a head spring that biases the print head toward the platen roller;
a hook provided on a facing surface of the frame facing a back surface of the print head; and
a support provided at an end of the head spring and attached to the hook,
wherein the head spring is rotatable about the support.

US Pat. No. 11,065,885

RECORDING METHOD, INK SET, AND PRINTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...


1. A recording method comprising:a first applying step of applying anionic first processing liquid on a medium;
a second applying step of applying cationic second processing liquid on the medium, causing the first processing liquid and the second processing liquid to react with each other, and generating mixed liquid, subsequently to the first applying step;
a first drying step of drying the mixed liquid subsequently to the second applying step;
an ink discharging step of adhering anionic ink to the medium subsequently to the first drying step; and
a second drying step of drying the ink subsequently to the ink discharging step, wherein
the mixed liquid is cationic, and
a processing time taken for the second drying step is longer than a processing time taken for the first drying step.

US Pat. No. 11,065,884

LIQUID JETTING APPARATUS

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...


1. A liquid jetting apparatus comprising:liquid jetting heads which are arranged along a predetermined arrangement direction and each of which has a first nozzle to jet a first liquid and a second nozzle to jet a second liquid;
a first tank in which the first liquid is stored;
a second tank in which the second liquid is stored;
first supply channels which connect the first tank and the liquid jetting heads to supply the first liquid from the first tank to the liquid jetting heads;
second supply channels which connect the second tank and the liquid jetting heads to supply the second liquid from the second tank to the liquid jetting heads;
first return channels which connect the liquid jetting heads and the first tank to return the first liquid from the liquid jetting heads to the first tank; and
second return channels which connect the liquid jetting heads and the second tank to return the second liquid from the liquid jetting heads to the second tank,
wherein the first tank and the second tank are arranged to deviate from each other in the arrangement direction,
wherein the first tank is arranged on one side in the arrangement direction with respect to the liquid jetting heads,
the second tank is arranged on the other side in the arrangement direction with respect to the liquid jetting heads,
wherein the liquid jetting heads include a first liquid jetting head and a second liquid jetting head arranged on the other side in the arrangement direction with respect to the first liquid jetting head,
among the first supply channels, a first supply channel connecting the first tank and the second liquid jetting head is longer than a first supply channel connecting the first tank and the first liquid jetting head, and has a smaller average channel resistance per unit length than the first supply channel connecting the first tank and the first liquid jetting head, and
among the second supply channels, a second supply channel connecting the second tank and the first liquid jetting head is longer than a second supply channel connecting the second tank and the second liquid jetting head, and has a smaller average channel resistance per unit length than the second supply channel connecting the second tank and the second liquid jetting head.

US Pat. No. 11,065,883

CROSS-DIE RECIRCULATION CHANNELS AND CHAMBER RECIRCULATION CHANNELS

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A fluidic die, comprising:at least one cross-die recirculation channel formed into the die, the cross-die recirculation channel including a first-sized inlet port and a first-sized outlet port formed on a first side of the die;
at least one chamber recirculation channel formed into the die and fluidically coupled to the cross-die recirculation channel, the chamber recirculation channel including a second-sized inlet port and a second-sized outlet port, wherein both the second-sized inlet port and the second-sized outlet port of a chamber recirculation channel are fluidly coupled to a portion of a cross-die recirculation channel; and
at least one pump formed within the chamber recirculation channel.

US Pat. No. 11,065,882

IMAGE-RECORDING DEVICE HAVING FIRST SENSOR FOR DETECTING LIQUID IN CARTRIDGE AND SECOND SENSOR FOR DETECTING LIQUID IN TANK

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...


1. An image-recording device comprising:a cartridge having a first chamber configured to accommodate liquid, a first outlet, and a first sensor; and
a mount body to which the cartridge is detachably mounted, the mount body including a tank which is configured to be in connection with the cartridge when the cartridge is mounted to the mount body, and a second sensor, the tank having an inlet, and a second chamber configured to accommodate liquid, the liquid in the first chamber being capable of flowing into the second chamber via the first outlet of the cartridge and the inlet of the tank,
wherein the first sensor of the cartridge is configured to output a first signal when a level of the liquid accommodated in the second chamber is higher than a first position, whereas the first sensor is configured to output a second signal when the level of the liquid accommodated in the second chamber is lower than the first position, and
wherein the second sensor of the tank is configured to output a third signal when a level of the liquid accommodated in the second chamber is higher than a second position which is lower than the first position, whereas the second sensor is configured to output a fourth signal when the level of the liquid accommodated in the second chamber is lower than the second position which is lower than the first position.

US Pat. No. 11,065,881

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...


1. An image forming apparatus, comprising:an image forming device configured to form an image on a recording medium by applying a colorant onto the recording medium from at least one container corresponding respectively to at least one color;
a display device; and
a controller configured to:obtain conformance information, for each of the at least one color, representing each of the at least one container conforming to the image forming apparatus;
obtain usage information related to a relationship between (i) the total number of recording media on which images are respectively formed by the image forming device within a past particular period and (ii) a total amount of the colorant of the at least one color which is used by the image forming device within the past particular period;
calculate a first initial formable number for each of the at least one color based on the obtained usage information, the first initial formable number representing the total number of recording media on which images are respectively formable using the colorant with a particular initial containing amount which is stored in each of the at least one container; and
control the display device to display a detailed-information screen containing conformance detailed information for each of the at least one color, the conformance detailed information being information in which the obtained conformance information and the first initial formable number are associated with each other.


US Pat. No. 11,065,880

LIQUID CARTRIDGE PROVIDED WITH LIQUID SUPPLY PORTION HAVING GUIDE GROOVE

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...


1. A liquid cartridge configured to store liquid therein and comprising:a liquid supply portion defining a liquid passage extending along a frontward direction perpendicular to a gravitational direction in an upright posture of the liquid cartridge,
the liquid supply portion comprising:an inner peripheral surface defining the liquid passage therein;
an outer peripheral surface extending along the frontward direction, the outer peripheral surface being positioned radially outward of the inner peripheral surface;
a first groove provided at the outer peripheral surface, the first groove extending along the frontward direction;
a second groove provided at the outer peripheral surface, the second groove extending along the frontward direction;
a third groove inclined relative to the first groove and the second groove such that the third groove extends diagonally upward and rearward in the upright posture;
a fourth groove inclined relative to the first groove and the second groove such that the third groove extends diagonally upward and rearward in the upright posture; and
a cap formed with the first groove and the second groove.


US Pat. No. 11,065,879

INK REFILL CONTAINER AND INK REFILL SYSTEM

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...


1. An ink refill container comprising:an ink containing chamber configured to contain an ink to be supplied to an ink tank configured to store the ink;
a container body including:a peripheral wall of the ink containing chamber; and
a cover coupling portion;

an inner bottom that is joined to the container body and forms a bottom wall of the ink containing chamber;
an ink-outlet forming portion that is provided in the container body and includes an ink outlet configured to enable the ink to flow out from an inside of the ink containing chamber;
a cover including a receiving recess configured to receive ink leaked from the ink containing chamber through a junction of the container body and the inner bottom, the receiving recess being formed by:an outer bottom opposite to the inner bottom at an outside of the ink containing chamber; and
a tubular wall integrally coupled to the outer bottom and extending upward from the outer bottom in a reference position of the ink refill container in which the outer bottom is positioned below the inner bottom; and

an insertion groove of the tubular wall, that receives the cover coupling portion therein.

US Pat. No. 11,065,878

LIQUID EJECTION HEAD AND LIQUID EJECTION APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...


1. A liquid ejection head comprising:an element substrate including a plurality of ejection openings, pressure chambers, a common flow path, and first pumps, the plurality of ejection openings being configured to eject liquid, each of the pressure chambers being internally provided with an element configured to generate energy utilized for ejecting liquid from the ejection opening, the common flow path being configured to communicate with the plurality of ejection openings, the first pumps being configured to circulate liquid between the common flow path and the pressure chambers; and
a flow path member laminated to the element substrate in a laminated direction,
wherein the flow path member includes a supply flow path and a collection flow path, the supply flow path being configured to supply liquid to the element substrate, the collection flow path being configured to collect liquid that is not ejected,
wherein the supply flow path and the collection flow path have liquid connection with a same common flow path, and
wherein a second pump generates a flow of liquid flowing in an order of the supply flow path, the common flow path, and the collection flow path, the second pump being provided at a position different from the element substrate.

US Pat. No. 11,065,877

DRYING DEVICE AND INKJET PRINTER THEREWITH

Oki Data Corporation, To...


1. A drying device for drying ink placed on a recording medium by ink jet printing, comprising:(a) a medium guide part that guides the recording medium on which the ink jet printing has been performed along a medium carrying path in a carrying direction of the recording medium whereinthe medium guide part has two surfaces that are a front surface and a back surface opposing each other,
the recording medium is carried on the front surface from an upstream side to a downstream side of the medium carrying path, and
the medium guide part has a width broader than a width of the recording medium and a predetermined length in the carrying direction to dry the ink;

(b) a heating body that heats the medium guide part wherein the heating body has a planer shape, and is not disposed on the front side of the medium guide part and has predetermined width and length in order to dry the ink on the recording medium while the recording medium runs on the medium guide part;
(c) a cover that is arranged opposing the medium guide part and formed to surround the medium carrying path such thatthe cover part has a width that is equal to or greater than the width of the recording medium and a predetermined length in the carrying direction to create an air flow path along which air flows is formed, and
the medium carrying path and the air flow path intervenes between the cover and the medium guide part;

(d) a fan that generates an air flow and is placed in the air flow path such that the air contained inside the air flow path runs in the same direction as the carrying direction of the recording medium; and
(e) a duct that is configured to discharge the air in the air flow path together with a vapor generated from the recording medium, which is heated with the heating body while carried on the medium guide part wherein the duct is a housing having a duct space (Dc), which is hollow, thereinside, and the duct space is defined with several panels, wherein
(f) an air intake port, which is an opening to take the air of the air flow path into the duct, is formed on one of the panels, which is defined as an air intake panel (Pm2),
(g) the air intake panel is arranged at a position (St1), which is further downstream from a position (St2) at which a downstream edge of the heating body is present with respect to the carrying direction.

US Pat. No. 11,065,876

INKJET PRINTHEAD WITH METAL ALLOY SHIM ATTACHMENT OF PRINTHEAD CHIPS

Memjet Technology Limited...


1. An inkjet printhead comprising:a manifold having a plurality of ink outlets defined in a manifold surface;
first and second longitudinal shim portions adhesively bonded to the manifold surface, the first and second longitudinal shim portions having apertures aligned with the ink outlets; and
first and second rows of printhead chips adhesively bonded to respective first and second longitudinal shim portions; and
wherein:
the first and second longitudinal shim portions and the manifold are each comprised of an Invar metal alloy.

US Pat. No. 11,065,875

LIQUID DISCHARGE APPARATUS AND IMAGE RECORDING APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...


1. A liquid discharge apparatus configured to discharge a liquid, comprising a channel member for the liquid, whereinthe channel member is formed to include:a pressure chamber configured to contain the liquid;
a nozzle configured to discharge the liquid;
a connection channel connecting the pressure chamber and the nozzle; and
a discharge channel which is connected to the connection channel so as to discharge the liquid in the connection channel or connected to the pressure chamber so as to discharge the liquid in the pressure chamber, and

an intersection line between an orthogonal plane orthogonal to an extending direction of the discharge channel and an upper surface of the discharge channel defining an upper portion of the discharge channel has an arc-like shape protruding upwardly.

US Pat. No. 11,065,874

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A LIQUID EJECTION HEAD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...


1. A method of manufacturing a liquid ejection head including a recording element substrate that ejects a liquid, and a liquid flow path member that includes a liquid supply path that supplies the liquid to the recording element substrate, in which the liquid flow path member includes a first portion that forms a portion of the liquid supply path, a second portion that includes a liquid supply path surface that forms another portion of the liquid supply path and a mounting surface on which the recording element substrate is mounted, and a sealing portion that seals an adjacent portion of the liquid supply path, the method of manufacturing the liquid ejection head comprising:a first step of having a molten resin that is to become the first portion flow in between a first position in a first mold and a first position in a second mold and having a molten resin that is to become the second portion flow in between a second position in the first mold and a second position in the second mold;
a second step of relatively moving the first mold and the second mold so that the first portion of the first mold and the second portion of the second mold oppose each other, after opening the first mold and the second mold so that the first portion remains at the first position in the first mold and so that the second portion remains at the second position in the second mold;
a third step of closing the first mold and the second mold so that an area around a portion that is to become the liquid supply path in the first portion and an area around a portion that is to become the liquid supply path in the second portion contact each other;
a fourth step of joining the first portion and the second portion by having a molten resin that is to become the sealing portion flow into the adjacent portion of the area around the portion that is to become the liquid supply path in the first portion and the area around the portion that is to become the liquid supply path in the second portion in a state where a space portion different from the liquid supply path is formed between the liquid supply path surface and the mounting surface of the second portion, the space portion being formed between the liquid supply path surface and the mounting surface of the second portion at a position where the space portion overlaps at least the mounting surface and the sealing portion when viewed from a direction orthogonal to the mounting surface;
a fifth step of taking out the first portion, the second portion, and the sealing portion from the first mold and the second mold; and
a sixth step of mounting the recording element substrate on the mounting surface of the second portion.

US Pat. No. 11,065,873

LIQUID EJECTION APPARATUS

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...


1. A liquid ejection apparatus comprising:a supply manifold which is elongate and in which liquid flows;
a return manifold which is elongate and in which liquid flows, the return manifold vertically overlapping the supply manifold;
a plurality of individual channels each connecting the supply manifold and the return manifold, each of the plurality of individual channels including:a supply throttle connected, at a supply-manifold-side opening thereof, to the supply manifold;
a return throttle connected, at a return-manifold-side opening thereof, to the return manifold;
a nozzle from which liquid is ejected; and
a descender connecting the supply throttle and the return throttle, and connected to the nozzle,

wherein the supply-manifold-side opening of the supply throttle is positioned to vertically overlap a central area of the supply manifold in a width direction, and the return-manifold-side opening of the return throttle is positioned to vertically overlap a central area of the return manifold in the width direction.

US Pat. No. 11,065,872

LIQUID EJECTION HEAD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...


1. A liquid ejection apparatus comprising:a liquid ejection head,
an electric control unit that transmits electrical power and an ejection control signal to the liquid ejection head;
the liquid ejection head comprising:
a nozzle including an ejection port for ejecting a liquid, and a pressure chamber in which an energy generating element that generates energy used for discharging the liquid from the ejection port is disposed; and
a heating unit that heats the liquid,
wherein during an operation period in which a recording on a recording medium is performed, the liquid in the pressure chamber is circulated to and from an outside of the pressure chamber, and
wherein an average number of preliminary ejections per nozzle of all the nozzles during the operation period is controlled to be equal to or greater than 0 and equal to or less than 20 by means of the electric control unit,
wherein the operation period is from when the liquid ejection head is in a standby state until when the liquid ejection head again enters the standby state after the recording is performed, in the standby state, the ejection port is covered with a cap,
wherein the nozzle includes the ejection port part to communicate the ejection port with the pressure chamber, when the upstream-side height of the supply-side flow passage at communication part between the ejection port part and the pressure chamber is indicated as H [?m], the length of the ejection port part in the direction of ejecting a liquid from the ejection port is indicated as P [?m], and the length of the ejection port part in the flow direction of the liquid in the pressure chamber is indicated as W [?m], the height H, the length P and the length W have a relationship satisfying the following Expression (1)H?0.34×P?0.66×W>1.5??(1).


US Pat. No. 11,065,871

DYE SUBLIMATION INK THERMAL INKJET PRINTING METHOD

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A printing method, comprising:selecting a dye sublimation ink, including:a disperse dye colorant dispersion;
a primary solvent selected from the group consisting of glycerol, ethoxylated glycerol, 2-methyl-1,3-propanediol, dipropylene glycol, and combinations thereof;
a surfactant selected from the group consisting of nonionic surfactants, anionic surfactants, and combinations thereof;
an additive selected from the group consisting of a buffer, a biocide, a chelating agent, and combinations thereof; and
a balance of water;

applying to a heating resistor of a thermal inkjet printhead an operating energy that includes a margin over a turn-on energy (TOE) for the printhead, wherein the margin ranges from about 10% to about 25% over the TOE; and
thermal inkjet printing, from the thermal inkjet printhead, the dye sublimation ink:i) directly onto a textile substrate; or
ii) onto a transfer medium to form an image on the transfer medium; and
transferring the image from the transfer medium onto the textile substrate.


US Pat. No. 11,065,870

LIQUID EJECTION HEAD HAVING PLURALITY OF SETS OF ROWS OF PRESSURE CHAMBERS, AND CAPABLE OF AVOIDING MIXTURE OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF LIQUID

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...


1. A liquid ejection head comprising:a plurality of sets of a first row, a second row, and a flow path in communication with the first row and the second row, each of the plurality of sets being provided for each respective one of a plurality of kinds of liquids different from one another, wherein:
the first row comprises a plurality of first pressure chambers arrayed in line in an array direction;
the second row comprises a plurality of second pressure chambers arrayed in line in the array direction, the second row being positioned beside the first row in a widthwise direction perpendicular to the array direction; and
the flow path is in communication with the plurality of first pressure chambers and the plurality of second pressure chambers, the flow path comprising:a plurality of first communication passages each in communication with each of the first pressure chambers at a position close to the second row in the widthwise direction;
a plurality of second communication passages each in communication with each of the first pressure chambers at a position further away than the plurality of first communication passages from the second row in the widthwise direction;
a plurality of third communication passages each in communication with each of the second pressure chambers at a position close to the first row in the widthwise direction;
a plurality of fourth communication passages each in communication with each of the second pressure chambers at a position further away than the plurality of third communication passages from the first row in the widthwise direction;
a first manifold in communication with the plurality of first pressure chambers through the plurality of second communication passages;
a second manifold in communication with the plurality of second pressure chambers through the plurality of fourth communication passages; and
a common manifold positioned between the first manifold and the second manifold in the widthwise direction, the common manifold being in communication with the plurality of first pressure chambers through the plurality of first communication passages and in communication with the plurality of second pressure chambers through the plurality of third communication passages.


US Pat. No. 11,065,869

LIQUID DISCHARGE CONTROL DEVICE AND LIQUID DISCHARGE APPARATUS

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...


1. A control device comprising:circuitry configured to:generate a drive waveform to be applied to an electromechanical transducer element configured to change a pressure in a liquid chamber communicating with a nozzle configured to discharge a liquid, the drive waveform including, in a pulse unit of one discharge cycle:a first discharge pulse waveform including a damping element configured to damp a vibration of the liquid; and
a second discharge pulse waveform subsequent to the first discharge pulse waveform,
the second discharge pulse waveform being at a pulse interval from the first discharge pulse waveform, the pulse interval in a range of Phlm×(N±?) to Phlm×(N±¼), where Phlm represents a Helmholtz period of the liquid chamber and N represents an integer of 1 or greater; and

select at least one of the first discharge pulse waveform and the second discharge pulse waveform in the pulse unit in accordance with a volume of the liquid to be discharged, to cause the nozzle to discharge different volumes of the liquid.


US Pat. No. 11,065,868

JETTING DEVICES WITH ACOUSTIC TRANSDUCERS AND METHODS OF CONTROLLING SAME

Mycronic AB, Taby (SE)


1. A device configured to jet one or more droplets of a viscous medium, the device comprising:a nozzle including an outlet, the nozzle configured to jet the one or more droplets of the viscous medium through the outlet of the nozzle;
a viscous medium conduit configured to direct a flow of the viscous medium to the outlet of the nozzle;
an acoustic transducer configured to emit an acoustic signal that transfers acoustic waves into at least a portion of the viscous medium located in the viscous medium conduit; and
a control device configured to control the acoustic transducer to emit the acoustic signal during a jetting operation that includes jetting one or more droplets of the viscous medium through the outlet of the nozzle.

US Pat. No. 11,065,867

DETECTING A DRIVE BUBBLE FORMATION AND COLLAPSE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...


1. A method of assessing functioning of a printing nozzle, the method comprising:obtaining a first measurement from a first printing nozzle, the first measurement comprising at least one of: a time to form a drive bubble and a time from formation until collapse of the drive bubble;
obtaining a second measurement from a second printing nozzle, the second measurement comprising at least one of: a time to form a drive bubble and a time from formation until collapse of the drive bubble, wherein the first and second printing nozzles use a common sensing multiplexer;
comparing the first and second measurements; and
providing a signal indicative of printing nozzle functionality based on the comparing of the measurements.

US Pat. No. 11,065,866

APPARATUSES FOR PRODUCING OPTICAL EFFECT LAYERS

SICPA HOLDING SA, Prilly...


1. An apparatus for producing an optical effect layer, comprising:a holder, including surrounding sidewalls and an accommodating recess spatially defined by the surrounding sidewalls, along an axis the holder having mounted thereto in the accommodating recess:
a motor;
a permanent magnet assembly; and
a support configured to be removably fixed to the holder, wherein the support accommodates the permanent magnet assembly,
wherein the motor is configured to spin the permanent magnet assembly around the axis in the support, wherein the holder includes a bottom surface and a removable fixation on the bottom surface, the bottom surface is curved according to a curvature radius of a circumferential mounting groove of a rotating magnetic cylinder of a printing unit, and the removable fixation of the holder is configured to be removably fixed to the circumferential mounting groove of the rotating magnetic cylinder of the printing unit, wherein the axis is substantially perpendicular to the bottom surface of the holder;
wherein the holder includes a lower recess between the accommodating recess and the bottom surface, at least a part of the motor is disposed in the lower recess of the holder, and the motor includes a central hole to provide access to the removable fixation: and
wherein the permanent magnet assembly is removably fixed to the holder.

US Pat. No. 11,065,865

SHEET-FED STAMPING PRESS HAVING A FOIL LAMINATING UNIT

KBA-Notasys SA, Lausanne...


1. A sheet-fed stamping press comprising a foil application unit designed to allow transfer or lamination of a foil material onto successive sheets, the foil material being fed to the foil application unit in the form of a foil carrier supplied by way of a foil feeding system, the foil application unit comprising:a stamping cylinder with at least one circumferential stamping section provided on a circumference of the stamping cylinder and comprising successive stamping segments distributed one after the other about the circumference of the stamping cylinder, the stamping cylinder also acting as sheet-transporting cylinder and comprising multiple sheet holding units distributed about the circumference of the stamping cylinder and designed to hold successive sheets against the circumference of the stamping cylinder; and
a plurality of counter-pressure units distributed about a portion of the circumference of the stamping cylinder and designed to press the successive sheets and the foil carrier against an outer surface of the stamping segments, the foil carrier being supplied by the foil feeding system between the sheets and the stamping segments,
wherein each counter-pressure unit is designed as a cylinder unit provided with at least one circumferential pressing element positioned to cooperate with the circumferential stamping section of the stamping cylinder,
wherein a ratio of a nominal diameter of each circumferential stamping section of the stamping cylinder over a nominal diameter of each circumferential pressing element of the counter-pressure units is an integer multiple,
wherein the stamping cylinder comprises a plurality of said circumferential stamping sections provided on the circumference of the stamping cylinder, the circumferential stamping sections being distributed axially along an axis of rotation of the stamping cylinder at a plurality of axial positions,
wherein each counter-pressure unit is provided with a plurality of said circumferential pressing elements that are distributed axially along an axis of rotation of the cylinder unit at a plurality of axial positions corresponding to the axial positions of the circumferential stamping sections of the stamping cylinder,
wherein the foil feeding system is adapted to feed the foil carrier at a plurality of axial positions corresponding to the axial positions of the circumferential stamping sections, and
wherein a distance of each counter-pressure unit with respect to the circumference of the stamping cylinder is adjustable.

US Pat. No. 11,065,864

HYBRID POLYMERIC STRUCTURE, A METHOD FOR FABRICATING A HYBRID POLYMERIC STRUCTURE AND A METHOD FOR CONNECTING TWO POLYMERIC LAYERS WITH THE HYBRID POLYMERIC STRUCTURE

City University of Hong K...


1. A method for connecting two polymeric layers with a hybrid polymeric structure of a first polymeric material combined with a second polymeric material, the method comprising the steps of:providing a portion of a first polymeric layer of the first polymeric material with a first three-dimensional network by:pouring a precursor of the first polymeric material into a mold to form the base of the first polymeric material;
printing a plurality of two-dimensional network structure with the first polymeric material on the base so as to form the first three-dimensional network on the base; and
curing the base and the first three-dimensional network simultaneously;


such that the first polymeric material includes the base chemically bound to the first three-dimensional network; andproviding a portion of a second polymeric layer of the second polymeric material with a second three-dimensional network;

wherein the first three-dimensional network defines a cavity with a plurality of interconnected portions within the first three-dimensional network;
wherein the second polymeric material substantially occupies the cavity of the first three-dimensional network, and defines the second three-dimensional network;
wherein the first three-dimensional network and the second three-dimensional network are arranged to physically engage with each other so as to form a unified structure combining the first polymeric material and the second polymeric material.

US Pat. No. 11,065,862

METHODS OF MAKING SINTERED ARTICLES

KENNAMETAL INC., Latrobe...


1. A powder for an additive manufacturing technique comprising:sintered cemented carbide particles comprising hard particles bound together by a metallic binder phase; and
additional particles comprising metal carbide, metal nitride and/or metal carbonitride having an average particle size less than average particle size of the sintered cemented carbide particles, wherein the additional particles fill interstitial spaces between the sintered cemented carbide particles such that a sintered article formed of the powder is greater than 90% theoretical full density.

US Pat. No. 11,065,861

METHODS FOR COMPOSITE FILAMENT THREADING IN THREE DIMENSIONAL PRINTING

MARKFORGED, INC., Watert...


1. A three dimensional printer capable of printing a part, comprising:a print head housing a conduit nozzle having a nozzle outlet, the print head configured to receive a reinforced filament having a matrix material impregnating reinforcing strands aligned along the reinforced filament, the conduit nozzle configured to allow the reinforced filament to be both pushed and pulled through the conduit nozzle, and the nozzle outlet configured to fuse the reinforced filament to the part;
a filament feed path extending through a cold feed zone within the print head that is configured to be cooler than the nozzle outlet and is configured to keep the reinforced filament sufficiently stiff to be pushed through the filament feed path until an unattached terminal end approaches the nozzle outlet;
a filament feed drive and a part drive for relatively moving the nozzle outlet and the part, the filament feed drive and the part drive configured to translate the reinforced filament to follow the filament feed path and to force the unattached terminal end to abut the part while relatively moving the nozzle outlet and the part, the filament feed drive comprising a slipping mechanism constructed and arranged to permit the reinforced filament to be pulled through the conduit nozzle;
a nozzle outlet heater configured to heat the nozzle outlet;
a cutter configured to cut the reinforced filament in a location along the filament feed path to the nozzle outlet; and
a controller configured to control the filament feed drive and the part drive to move the nozzle outlet and the part to deposit a remaining cut segment portion of the reinforced filament to the part,
wherein the cold feed zone abuts the nozzle outlet and is constructed of a material less thermally conductive than a material of which the nozzle outlet is constructed.

US Pat. No. 11,065,860

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PRINTING 3D OBJECTS

CORNING INCORPORATED, Co...


1. A method of printing a three-dimensional object, comprising:providing a description of the three-dimensional object as a set of at least two object layers that can be stacked one on top of another to form the object and providing a material deposition pattern for each object layer;
creating a hot spot in a build zone located between a feed outlet and a build surface;
feeding one or more preformed materials in a predetermined sequence through the feed outlet into the build zone and using the hot spot to selectively heat the one or more preformed materials to a viscous state;
forming a first object layer of the set of at least two object layers by depositing a first portion of the one or more preformed materials on the build surface from the build zone and effecting a relative motion between the build surface and the feed outlet during the depositing such that the first portion of the one or more preformed materials forms the material deposition pattern corresponding to the first object layer; and
forming a second object layer of the set of at least two object layers by depositing a second portion of the one or more preformed materials on the build surface from the build zone and effecting a relative motion between the build surface and the feed outlet during the depositing such that the second portion of the one or more preformed materials forms the material deposition pattern corresponding to the second object layer
wherein creating the hot spot comprises directing at least two laser beams into the build zone, the at least two laser beams being arranged to approach the build zone from different directions, and wherein a distance between the hot spot and the build surface during forming of the first object layer is in a range from ? to 1 times of a thickness or diameter of the first portion of the one or more preformed materials.

US Pat. No. 11,065,859

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DISASSEMBLING SOLAR CELL MODULE

KOREA INSTITUTE OF ENERGY...


1. A solar cell module disassembling device comprising:a frame unit,wherein a laminated panel having a first panel and a second panel is mounted on the frame unit, and
wherein the first and second panels are stacked and bonded;

a guide module, being elongated in a forward and backward direction;
a scraper unit, being movably coupled to the guide module, and having a blade module,wherein the blade module moves in the forward and backward direction, presses the laminated panel and disassembles the laminated panel; and

a transfer unit, being coupled to the scraper unit, delivering a driving force to the scraper unit, and transferring the scraper unit,
wherein the scraper unit includes a press module providing the laminated panel with pressure,
wherein the press module is positioned above the laminated panel, and
wherein the press module presses the laminated panel while moving together when the blade module moves in a horizontal direction.

US Pat. No. 11,065,858

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR BONDING SHEET METAL PARTS TO A LAMINATED CORE


1. A method for bonding sheet metal parts to a laminated core, comprising:punching sheet metal parts from an electrical steel strip;
stacking the punched sheet metal parts to form a stack of sheet metal parts;
providing a separating agent at least between two of the stacked sheet metal parts from the electrical steel strip by way of a punching stage for punching at least one of the sheet metal parts, wherein the separating agent is both punched from a separating agent support supplied below the electrical strip and provided to the at least one sheet metal part, and wherein the separating agent support is in a form of a sheet or leaf;
integrally bonding the stacked sheet metal parts having the separating agent between at least two of the stacked sheet metal parts; and
separating the stack of integrally bonded sheet metal parts into a plurality of laminated cores.

US Pat. No. 11,065,857

ELECTRIC MACHINE WITH LOCALLY-TUNED PROPERTIES

Ford Global Technologies,...


1. An electric machine lamination comprising:a sheet formed of an iron alloy and at least partially defining adjacent magnet pockets, wherein the sheet includes a tapered compressed region extending between and at an oblique angle to upper and lower surfaces of the sheet and wherein the tapered compressed region includes a plurality of opposing tapered compressed regions; and
a composition different than the iron alloy disposed at the plurality of opposing tapered compressed regions, extending between the adjacent magnet pockets, and forming a center bridge having a lower magnetic permeability than the sheet.

US Pat. No. 11,065,856

INDUSTRIAL MACHINE FOR APPLYING TEMPORARY OR PERMANENT PROTECTIVE FILMS TO PLANAR SURFACES ACTING SIMULTANEOUSLY ON TWO FACES, HAVING A SYSTEM FOR CUTTING THE FILM AND POSITIONING EDGE-TO-EDGE OR WITH A MARGIN, AUTOMATICALLY ADAPTING TO SUIT CHANGES IN TH

ASIDIUM, Genas (FR)


1. An industrial machine for applying temporary or permanent protective films on plane surfaces of a product to be protected, the plane surfaces being perpendicular to a horizontal plane, the industrial machine having an automatic system for cutting the film, positioning the film edge-to-edge or with a margin on the product and acting simultaneously on both front and rear faces of the product and adapting automatically to changes in a format of the product for treatment, using an electrostatic charge method for positioning and holding the film in position on rollers, the industrial machine further comprising:an assembly provided with a system for conveying and positioning the product;
two film-coating modules placed on linear guides for moving the two film-coating modules vertically and horizontally, one of the film-coating modules being a front face film-coating module for coating the front face of the product, the other of the two film-coating modules being a rear face film-coating module for coating the rear face of the product;
wherein each of the two film-coating modules comprises:
a) an applicator roller that coats the film onto the product;
b) an electrostatic charge bar (m) connected to a charge generator and positioned at a distance from the applicator roller (l), enabling the film to adhere to the applicator roller (l) while conserving a position thereof accurately; and
c) a cutter module (n) for cutting the film in contact with the applicator roller (l) when the product is positioned with a rear edge thereof at a distance vertically from an axis of the applicator roller (l) on a substrate side of the product that is equivalent to a distance between a bottom axis of the applicator roller (l) and a cutting point plus a portion of the product that is to remain without film coating; and
a controller having a program for controlling the two film-coating modules as a function of dimensions of the product.

US Pat. No. 11,065,855

INFRARED-REFLECTING OPTICALLY TRANSPARENT ASSEMBLY AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

3M Innovative Properties ...


1. An infrared-reflecting optically transparent assembly comprising:a first optically transparent thermoplastic polymer film having first and second opposed major surfaces;
a first protective coating disposed on at least a portion of the first major surface of the first optically transparent thermoplastic polymer film, wherein the first protective coating comprises an at least partially cured first composition comprising:a) 70 to 95 weight percent of urethane (meth)acrylate compound having an average (meth)acrylate functionality of 3 to 9, based on the total weight of components a) to d);
b) 2 to 20 weight percent (meth)acrylate monomer having a (meth)acrylate functionality of 1 to 2, based on the total weight of components a) to d), wherein the (meth)acrylate monomer is not a urethane (meth)acrylate compound;
c) 0.5 to 2 weight percent of silicone (meth)acrylate, based on the total weight of components a) to d); and
d) optional effective amount of photoinitiator; and

a first major surface of an infrared-reflecting multilayer optical film securely bonded to at least a portion of the second major surface of the first optically transparent thermoplastic polymer film.

US Pat. No. 11,065,854

FLEXIBLE PLASTIC LINE, METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF, AND USES OF SAME


1. A plastics line with at least one layer consisting of the following components:(A) 70-94 weight percent of a polyamide selected from the group consisting of: polyamide 516, polyamide 616, polyamide 1016, or mixtures thereof;
(B) 4-20 weight percent impact modifier;
(C) 2-15 weight percent of plasticiser;
(D) 0-5 weight percent of additives different from (B) and (C),
wherein the sum of (A)-(D) is 100 weight percent, and with the proviso that said layer does not contain polyamide 6.

US Pat. No. 11,065,852

ADHESIVE FILM

RIKEN TECHNOS CORPORATION...


1. A pressure-sensitive adhesive film comprising, in order from a surface layer side, a first hard coat, a second hard coat, a transparent resin film layer, and a pressure-sensitive adhesive layer, whereinthe first hard coat is formed of a coating material containing a water-repelling agent and no inorganic particles,
the second hard coat is formed of a coating material containing inorganic particles, and
wherein the pressure-sensitive adhesive film satisfies the following requirements (i) and (vii):
(i) a total light transmittance of 85% or more; and
(vii) a pencil hardness of the first hard coat surface of 6H or more.

US Pat. No. 11,065,851

MULTILAYER HARD COATING FILM

RIKEN TECHNOS CORPORATION...


1. A hard coat laminated film sequentially, comprising, from a surface layer side, a first hard coat and a resin film layer,wherein the first hard coat is formed of a coating material comprising:(A) 100 parts by mass of a polyfunctional (meth)acrylate (A); and
(B) 0.01 to 7 parts by mass of a water repellent agent (B), and containing no inorganic particles, and

wherein the resin film comprises (a) at least one layer of an acrylic polymer comprising 50 to 95% by mole of a monomer polymerized from methyl methacrylate and 50 to 5% by mole of a monomer polymerized from vinylcyclohexane relative to 100% by mole of the total amount of monomeric units in the acrylic polymer, and
wherein the only copolymer contained in the resin film is the acrylic polymer comprising 50 to 95% by mole of a monomer polymerized from methyl methacrylate and 50 to 5% by mole of a monomer polymerized from vinylcyclohexane relative to 100% by mole of the total amount of monomeric units in the acrylic polymer.

US Pat. No. 11,065,848

MULTILAYER FILMS, AND ARTICLES MADE THEREFROM

Dow Global Technologies L...


1. A multilayer film comprising:a core layer and two skin layers;
wherein the core layer is positioned between the two skin layers;
wherein the core layer comprises a polyethylene composition comprising a high density polyethylene having a density of 0.930-0.955 g/cc and a melt index of 0.7-10.0 g/10 min and from 5 to 15%, by weight of the polyethylene composition, a low density polyethylene having a density of about 0.915-0.935 g/cc and a melt index of 0.2-15 g/10 min, wherein the polyethylene composition has an overall density of about 0.940-0.955 g/cc; and
wherein each skin layer independently comprises a polypropylene composition comprising greater than 50 wt. %, based on the total weight of the polypropylene composition, of a propylene-based polymer and from 5 wt. % to 30 wt. % of a low density polyethylene, wherein the propylene-based polymer is a combination of a polypropylene homopolymer and a propylene-based elastomer or plastomer.

US Pat. No. 11,065,847

METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION OF MULTILAYER LAMINATED BOARD AND RESULTING BOARD


1. A method for producing laminated boards, each board having multiple layers and comprising a combination of wood fibers and/or particles with at least one binder and/or other chemical additives, said layers made by stacked deposition thereof on a conveyor belt until a mat is produced which comprises fibers and/or particles in a multilayer form, in which the layers are physically different from one another, said method comprising:defining final thickness and density of the board;
defining the number of layers that will form the board;
selecting, for each layer to be formed, a material of the layer to be formed, said selecting the material including:selecting fibers and/or particles;
selecting, for each layer, granulometry of the material of the layer;
selecting, for each layer, a ratio of the weight of binder material and/or other chemical additives to the weight of fibers and/or particles, to be used in the material of the layer; and
selecting the percentage of moisture of each layer of the mat, in which the external layer or layers that will form the board will have a maximum moisture content of 18% over dry weight of the product, and the internal layer or layers that will form the board will have a minimum moisture content of 3% over dry weight of the product, with an absolute difference of moistures between adjacent layers that will be in the range of 1 to 12 points based on the number of strata that form the mat, with a gradual distribution of moisture from the external layers to the geometric center of the board;

preparing each layer, which comprises the addition of fibers and/or particles with binder material and/or other chemical additives until a homogeneous mass is formed in which the weight thereof per m2 is the result of the product of the density of the material without moisture multiplied by the thickness of each layer and increased by the moisture percentage corresponding to said layer;
depositing, in a stacked and staggered manner, the layers previously defined according to weight per m2 of each layer, as defined in the preceding paragraph, a deposit that is carried out on a conveyor belt until the final formation of a mat defined by the stacking of multiple layers comprising fibers and/or particles mixed with binder substances and/or other chemical additives and where the total number of layers included in said mat is equal or greater than 4;
pre-compacting and optionally pre-heating the mat comprising fibers and/or particles mixed with binder substances and/or other chemical additives deposited on the conveyor belt;
compacting the mat which comprises fibers and/or particles mixed with binder substances and/or other chemical additives deposited and pre-compacted in the previous steps by using pressure and heat until forming the final board, where the sum of material densities from the outer layers to the geometric center of the board are substantially similar to both sides of the final board manufactured.

US Pat. No. 11,065,845

ELECTROCHROMIC WINDOW FABRICATION METHODS

View, Inc., Milpitas, CA...


1. An electrochromic insulated glass unit comprising:a) a first transparent substrate;
b) an electrochromic device stack deposited on the first transparent substrate;
c) a second transparent substrate;
d) a spacer;
e) a primary seal comprising a sealant, between two mating surfaces of the spacer and each of the first and second transparent substrates, the spacer sandwiched between the first and second transparent substrates;
f) an interior space, defined by interior surfaces of the spacer and the first and second transparent substrates, wherein the interior space is hermetically sealed; and
g) an inert gas within the interior space;
wherein the electrochromic device stack is on a surface of the first transparent substrate facing the interior space and the electrochromic device stack's entire perimeter edge is sealed between the primary seal and the first transparent substrate.

US Pat. No. 11,065,844

LAMINATED GLASS

NIPPON SHEET GLASS COMPAN...


1. A laminated glass including:an outer glass sheet;
an inner glass sheet arranged opposite to the outer glass sheet; and
an interlayer arranged between the outer glass sheet and the inner glass sheet;
wherein the interlayer comprises indium tin oxide (ITO) fine particles,
wherein a transmittance with respect to light having a wavelength of 700 to 800 nm is 40% or more and 60% or less,
wherein the interlayer includes a core layer, and a first outer layer and a second outer layer between which the core layer is sandwiched and that each have a higher hardness than that of the core layer,
wherein the ITO fine particles are contained in at least one of the first outer layer and the second outer layer, and
wherein the content of the ITO fine particles in the first outer layer is larger than the content of the ITO fine particles in the second outer layer.

US Pat. No. 11,065,842

STRUCTURAL PANEL FOR AN APPLIANCE HAVING STAMPED COMPONENTS AND METHOD THEREFOR

Whirlpool Corporation, B...


1. An operable panel for an appliance, the operable panel comprising:a metallic outer wrapper having a perimetrical wrapper edge that partially defines a perimetrical breaker channel;
an inner liner;
a plurality of corner brackets disposed at respective corners of the perimetrical wrapper edge, each corner bracket defining the perimetrical breaker channel at the respective corners and cooperating with the perimetrical wrapper edge to fully define the perimetrical breaker channel;
a trim breaker adhered to the metallic outer wrapper and the plurality of corner brackets at the perimetrical breaker channel and having a liner channel that receives a portion of the inner liner, the trim breaker extending between the inner liner and the metallic outer wrapper; and
an insulation material disposed within an insulating cavity defined between the inner liner and the metallic outer wrapper.

US Pat. No. 11,065,840

STRUCTURES AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING STRUCTURES USING BIOLOGICAL BASED MATERIALS

BIOMERENEWABLES INC., To...


1. A wind energy turbine blade component, comprising:a body having a multi-layer construction having a tip and a root, the body including:an interior layer of the body including:substantially uniform concentrations throughout of glucose and facultative anaerobic organisms (FAOs) comprising Saccharomyces cerevisiae that have gene sets capable of turning glucose into self-assembling nano-fibrils of N-acetylglucosamine to form beta-chitin, and
non-uniform concentrations of beta-chitin, beta-chitosan, silk fibronectin and water;

an outer-most matrix layer of the body, the outer most matrix layer including urea, water, calcium ions and facultative anaerobic organisms (FAOs) which produce calcium carbonate; and
an intermediate layer intermediate the interior layer and the exterior layer of the body, the intermediate layer including conchiolin protein;

wherein the interior layer of the tip of the body has a differing stiffness compared to the interior layer of the root.

US Pat. No. 11,065,839

TAPE ROLL, TAPE CARTRIDGE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING TAPE ROLL

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...


1. A tape roll that winds a tape with a minimum radius R,said tape before being wound comprising a flexible material layer,
said flexible material layer comprising flat plate-shaped reflectors inside and having a thickness T,
on condition that a flexural modulus of said reflectors is G, a bending strength of said reflectors is A, and an average particle diameter of said reflectors is 2L, said reflectors satisfy the following relationships:




and
2L>T.

US Pat. No. 11,065,838

SHAPED OBJECT AND SHAPED OBJECT MANUFACTURING METHOD

Casio Computer Co., Ltd.,...


1. A shaped object comprising:a thermally expandable sheet comprising (i) a base, (ii) a thermal expansion layer disposed on a first surface of the base and including a thermally expandable material, and (iii) a thermal conversion member disposed on at least one of a second surface of the base or the thermal expansion layer, and including a thermal conversion material for conversion of electromagnetic waves into heat, wherein
the thermal conversion member further includes thermal conversion layers disposed on an entire region corresponding to an expansion region for expansion of the thermal expansion layer,
at least part of one of the thermal conversion layers is disposed at a location separated from an adjacent other thermal conversion layer, and
upon expansion of the thermal expansion layer, (i) the thermal expansion layer partially peels away from the base in a region where the thermal conversion layer is disposed, and (ii) the thermal expansion layer also expands in a region between the one thermal conversion layer and the other thermal conversion layer.

US Pat. No. 11,065,837

FOAM PRODUCT

AGIT GLOBAL IP HOLDINGS, ...


1. A foam product comprising:a foam core defining in its top surface a recess, the recess having an inner wall;
a soft shell disposed within the recess of the foam core and having an outer wall attached to the inner wall of the recess, wherein the soft shell has a space configured in size to receive at least one finger of a human hand; and
an upper foam skin with a bottom surface bonded to the top surface of the foam core, wherein the upper foam skin defining a first hole aligned with an opening of the space of the soft shell.

US Pat. No. 11,065,836

GLASS PLATE MODULE

NIPPON SHEET GLASS COMPAN...


1. A glass plate module to be attached to a vehicle, the glass plate module comprising:laminated glass in which an outer glass plate, an interlayer, and an inner glass plate are layered in this order;
a mask layer that is provided on the laminated glass and blocks a field of vision from outside; and
an attachment member that is attached to a portion corresponding to the mask layer on the inner glass plate with at least a first adhesion means and a second adhesion means and configured to support an information acquisition device for acquiring information from outside of the vehicle,
wherein the first adhesion means includes adhesive at at least one location,
the second adhesion means is configured such that the adhesive conducts preliminary fixing prior to curing,
the attachment member includes a fixation portion that has a bonding surface facing the mask layer and provided with both of the adhesion means,
the fixation portion includes at least one adhesive confirmation portion through which the adhesive applied to the bonding surface can be seen from the vehicle interior side,
the adhesive confirmation portion is constituted by a cutout formed at an edge of the fixation portion,
the adhesive confirmation portion is disposed over both a portion in which the adhesive is present and a portion in which the adhesive is not present,
the second adhesion means includes at least one piece of double-sided adhesive tape having a thickness of 0.2 mm or more and 0.8 mm or less, and
at least a portion of a region to which the adhesive is applied or a spread-out region of the adhesive overlaps with the cutout on the bonding surface.

US Pat. No. 11,065,834

MOLD FOR MANUFACTURING A MIDSOLE FOR AN ARTICLE OF FOOTWEAR

NIKE, Inc., Beaverton, O...


1. A mold for forming a midsole, comprising:a first portion having a first recess, a first lower channel, and a first lower overflow recess, the first lower channel connecting the first lower overflow recess to the first recess, wherein the first portion further includes a projection extending inwardly into the first recess about an upper and inner peripheral edge of the first portion and below the first lower channel; and
a second portion having a second recess, a first upper channel, and a first upper overflow recess, the first upper channel connecting the second recess to the first upper overflow recess, wherein when the mold is in a closed condition: (a) the first recess and the second recess are positioned relative to one another to define a midsole recess, (b) the first lower overflow recess and the first upper overflow recess are positioned relative to one another to define a first overflow chamber, (c) the first lower channel and the first upper channel are positioned relative to one another to define a first channel that connects the first overflow chamber to the midsole recess, and (d) the second recess defined by the second portion has a bottom outer edge area that extends over the projection of the first portion,
wherein the first overflow chamber extends continuously and is located along one portion of the midsole recess selected from a group consisting of: (a) from a first end located at a medial side at a midfoot region of the midsole recess, around a heel region of the midsole recess, and to a second end located at a lateral side at a forefoot region of the midsole recess; (b) around only a heel region of the midsole recess; (c) along a forefoot region on only a lateral side of the midsole recess; and (d) along a forefoot region on only a medial side of the midsole recess.

US Pat. No. 11,065,833

FLEXIBLE CORE FOR MACHINE PROCESSING OR PRODUCTION OF COMPOSITE PARTS OR MATERIALS

Lantor B.V., Veenendaal ...


1. A core material, suitable for use in a closed mold system, based on at least one fibrous web containing a foam-structure within the web, said foam-structure being formed of a plurality of members comprising expandable microspheres that are separated from each other by channels and at least one binder, wherein said core material has a compression-resistance of greater than 40% at a pressure of 4 bar and at a temperature that is greater than or equal to 80° C., wherein the expandable microspheres have an activation temperature of at least 140° C. and a shape of an oblate spheroid, and wherein the binder and expanded microspheres are present in a dry weight ratio of more than 12 to 1.

US Pat. No. 11,065,832

BLADDER BAG AND MOLDING METHOD OF COMPOSITE MATERIAL

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...


1. A bladder bag as a mold for molding inside of a composite material structure, the composite material structure including a narrow portion formed by narrowing a part of the inside and a space portion formed so as to be adjacent to the narrow portion, the bladder bag comprising:a bladder bag main body that includes a narrow molding portion for molding the narrow portion of the composite material structure, a space molding portion for molding the space portion of the composite material structure, and an air intake for introducing air; and
a cord-like member that is provided inside the bladder bag main body, passes through the narrow molding portion from the air intake, and is connected to an inner surface of the space molding portion.

US Pat. No. 11,065,831

METHOD FOR DESIGNING COMPOSITE MATERIAL AND COMPOSITE MATERIAL

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...


1. A computer-implemented method for designing a composite material in which reinforcement fiber base materials are laminated, the composite material including a hole extending in a lamination direction of the reinforcement fiber base materials and a reinforcement part provided around the hole, the method comprising:calculating a strain value generated in the composite material based on design factors and a predetermined load condition, the design factors including a shape of the hole, a shape of the reinforcement part, and an orientation angle of each of the reinforcement fiber base materials in respective layers of the reinforcement part;
optimizing the design factors based on a genetic algorithm such that the calculated strain value at a rim of the hole and the reinforcement part tends to decrease;
the genetic algorithm including:generating a piece of genetic information on the shape of the hole, a piece of genetic information on the shape of the reinforcement part, and a piece of genetic information on the orientation angle according to a predetermined limiting condition to generate a plurality of individuals having the different pieces of genetic information;
calculating the strain value generated in the composite material under the predetermined load condition based on an outer peripheral shape of the outermost layer of the reinforcement part in one quadrant for each of the individuals, wherein the outer peripheral shape of the outermost layer of the reinforcement part in the one quadrant is determined by interpolating a first reinforcement part defining point, a second reinforcement part defining point, and a third reinforcement part defining point according to the predetermined limiting condition that is an allowable range;
sequentially selecting at least two individuals, one of the at least two individuals having smallest strain values relative to other individuals;
genetically manipulating the pieces of genetic information using the selected individuals to newly generate individuals having the different genetic information; and
calculating, when a predetermined condition is met while repeatedly performing the calculating of the strain value and the genetically manipulating on the individuals generated at the genetically manipulating, an individual having the smallest strain value among the individuals as an optimal solution;

and manufacturing the composite material based on the optimized design factors,
wherein the outer peripheral shape of an outermost layer of the reinforcement part includes the first reinforcement part defining point, the second reinforcement part defining point, and the third reinforcement part defining point in one quadrant in an X-Y coordinate system orthogonal to the lamination direction,
the first reinforcement part defining point is a preset coordinate point on a Y-axis,
the second reinforcement part defining point is a coordinate point neither on an X-axis nor on the Y-axis,
the third reinforcement part defining point is a coordinate point on the X-axis, and
the piece of genetic information on the shape of the reinforcement part is information on an X-coordinate of the second reinforcement part defining point, a Y-coordinate of the second reinforcement part defining point, and an X-coordinate of the third reinforcement part defining point.

US Pat. No. 11,065,830

PULTRUSION SYSTEMS THAT APPLY LENGTHWISE CURVATURE TO COMPOSITE PARTS

The Boeing Company, Chic...


1. A method comprising:fabricating a preform by continuously:heating fiber reinforced material, comprising dry fibers and a binder, to a sticking point temperature for the binder that activates binding properties of the binder;
feeding the fiber reinforced material through a die that exhibits a curvature, wherein the fiber reinforced material travels through the curvature while the fiber reinforced material is at least at the sticking point temperature, the die forming the fiber reinforced material into a preform;
varying path lengths of fibers within the preform as the preform passes through the die;
cooling the preform below the sticking point temperature while the fiber reinforced material continues being shaped by the die, by driving pressurized fluid through the die and into direct contact with the preform within a cooling chamber of the die that entirely surrounds a portion of the preform; and
pulling the preform out of the die.


US Pat. No. 11,065,829

FIBER-REINFORCED RESIN INTERMEDIATE MATERIAL, FIBER-REINFORCED RESIN MOLDED ARTICLE, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING FIBER-REINFORCED RESIN INTERMEDIATE MATERIAL

THE JAPAN STEEL WORKS, LT...


1. A fiber-reinforced resin intermediate material comprising:a reinforcing fiber substrate including a plurality of reinforcing fibers; and
a resin powder melted so as to adhere to an outer surface of the reinforcing fiber substrate,wherein the fiber-reinforced resin intermediate material has an uneven outer shape such that distal radial ends thereof protrude at different heights, and
wherein an outer surface of the fiber-reinforced resin intermediate material includes open void spaces where the resin powder is not adhered to the reinforcing fiber substrate.


US Pat. No. 11,065,828

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR FABRICATING A COMPOSITE STRUCTURE

The Boeing Company, Chic...


11. A system for fabricating a composite structure, said system comprising:a composite preform having an upper surface and an opposing lower surface, said upper and lower surfaces each defining a preform major surface, wherein the composite preform further comprises a first portion having a first thickness and a second portion having a second thickness thicker than the first thickness;
an exothermically curing resin to be infused into said composite preform, or pre-impregnated in said composite preform, the second portion of said composite preform having a higher volume of the resin per unit of preform surface area than the first portion;
a tool, wherein said composite preform is located on a tool surface of the tool;
a vacuum bagging film extending over said composite preform and sealed relative to said tool surface to define a cavity between the vacuum bagging film and said tool surface with said composite preform being located in the cavity;
a heat sink located in proximity to one of said preform major surfaces below the vacuum bagging film so as to extend across and over only the second portion of said composite preform; and
a heat source for heating said composite preform to a curing temperature to cure said resin, wherein said heat sink extending across and over only the second portion of said composite preform allows heat to be transferred into said heat sink from only the second portion to prevent overheating of the second portion during curing.

US Pat. No. 11,065,827

THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITE IN-SITU MELT PROCESSING METHOD FOR COMPOSITE OVERWRAPPED TOOLS

Teijin Carbon America, In...


1. An in-situ melt process for creating a fiber resin composite overwrap, said in-situ melt process comprising the steps of:selecting a fiber tow consisting of unimpregnated fibers;
selecting a thermoplastic resin compatible with said selected fiber tow, said selected thermoplastic resin having a melting point;
preparing said fiber tow for impregnation by said selected thermoplastic resin, wherein said step of preparing said fiber tow for impregnation includes heating said fiber tow to a selected temperature wherein said selected temperature is at least said melting point of said selected thermoplastic resin;
heating a selected portion of a workpiece to said melting point of said thermoplastic resin;
reducing viscosity of said thermoplastic resin under pressure by heating said thermoplastic resin to said melting point of said thermoplastic resin;
impregnating said molten thermoplastic resin into said prepared fiber tow under pressure and in close proximity to a filament winding head, thereby creating a molten fiber resin composite towpreg and immediately applying a first layer of said molten fiber resin composite towpreg to said heated surface of said workpiece whereby a molten state of said molten fiber resin composite towpreg is maintained during a wrapping procedure thereby resulting in said molten fiber resin composite towpreg more efficiently adhering to the heated surface of the workpiece;
heating a selected portion of said applied layer of said fiber resin composite towpreg to said melting point of said thermoplastic resin whereby said applied layer of said fiber resin composite towpreg is remelted prior to applying an additional layer of said molten fiber resin composite towpreg;
applying an additional layer of said molten fiber resin composite towpreg to said molten applied layer of fiber resin composite towpreg under pressure whereby applying molten fiber resin composite towpreg to an area of molten fiber resin composite towpreg previously applied to said workpiece allows successive molten fiber resin composite layers to adhere to one another, resulting in greater interlaminar shear strength and further allows individual filaments within said molten towpreg to slide relative to one another, thereby effectively eliminating catenary, wrinkles, and creases within the fiber resin composite overwrap; and
compacting and consolidating said molten fiber towpreg layers to one another under pressure thereby removing entrapped air;
whereby said fiber resin composite overwrap is not released from said workpiece.

US Pat. No. 11,065,826

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A PART MADE OF COMPOSITE MATERIAL

SKF Aerospace France S.A....


1. A method for manufacturing a part made of composite material comprising the following steps:(a) providing a composite material in strip or sheet form with a separator film on one of its faces wound around a cylindrical mandrel so as to form at least one layer of material;
(b) cutting directly the composite material on the mandrel in the form of a strip that is continuous and of defined width;
(c) mounting a free end of the strip of composite material on a reel of smaller dimensions compared to the cylindrical mandrel and that has a cylindrical support surface of a width suited to the strip, the strip of composite material being then wound around the support surface of the reel, the separator film being removed from the strip of composite material as the strip of composite material is wound around the support surface of the reel; and
(d) unwinding the strip of composite material from the reel and then being cut to form a part of defined dimensions.

US Pat. No. 11,065,825

HIGH TEMPERATURE COMPOSITE SEAL

RAYTHEON TECHNOLOGIES COR...


1. A method of sealing a first component to a second component comprising the steps of:locating at least one fiber reinforced polyimide resin layer against a first sealing surface on a first component and against a second sealing surface on a second component;
compressing the at least one fiber reinforced polyimide resin layer against the first sealing surface and the second sealing surface prior to curing the at least one fiber reinforced polyimide resin layer;
heating the at least one fiber reinforced polyimide resin layer to promote flow and conformation to the first sealing surface and the second sealing surface; and
curing the at least one fiber reinforced polyimide resin layer to provide a fluid tight seal between the first component and the second component.

US Pat. No. 11,065,824

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING PACKAGING PRECURSORS BY MEANS OF A HEATING DEVICE ACTING ON THE EDGE AREA OF THE PACKAGING PRECURSOR

SIG TECHNOLOGY AG, Neuha...


1. A device for production of a packaging precursor, wherein the packaging precursor consists to an extent of at least 80% by weight, based on the packaging precursor, of a sheetlike composite, wherein the composite includes:i. a composite plastic layer,
ii. a composite carrier layer,
iii. a first composite edge region,
iv. a second composite edge region,
wherein the device includes, as device constituents in a flow direction:
a) a transport unit designed to transport the sheetlike composite, wherein the transport unit includes a transport surface designed to bear the composite; downstream of that:
b) a first heating unit designed to heat the first composite edge region, where the first heating unit includes at least 5 energy release segments; downstream of that:
c) a contacting unit designed to bond the first composite edge region to the second composite edge region;
wherein, along the flow direction, the first heating unit is designed to release energy,
wherein the first heating unit includes, in the flow direction, a first energy release segment and, in the flow direction, a last energy release segment furthest removed from the first energy release segment,
wherein the first energy release segment is designed to release a higher heating power than the last energy release segment, and
wherein the at least 5 of the energy release segments each have, in the flow direction, a length which is longer than an extent of the respective energy release segment transverse to the flow direction.

US Pat. No. 11,065,823

WELDING PROCESS AND PRODUCT FOR INFLATABLE PRODUCT

Intex Marketing Ltd., To...


1. A method for producing an inflatable product including the steps of:providing a first sheet made of weldable plastic,
providing a second sheet made of weldable plastic, the first and second sheets cooperating to define an inflatable chamber,
providing a plurality of tensioning structures, each tensioning structure including a weldable plastic, the plurality of tensioning structures each including a first portion and a second portion,
folding each of the plurality of tensioning structures with a plurality of isolating members respectively positioned between the first and second portions of each of the plurality of tensioning structures,
welding the first portion of each of the plurality of tensioning structures to the first sheet while the plurality of tensioning structures remain folded,
welding the second portion of the plurality of tensioning structures to the second sheet while the plurality of tensioning structures remain folded,
retaining the plurality of isolating members in their respective positions between the first and second portions of the plurality of tensioning structures during the welding steps, such that the plurality of isolating members block weldable contact between the respective first and second portions, and
sealing the first and second sheets together to define the inflatable chamber while the plurality of isolating members are positioned in the inflatable chamber, wherein the sealing step comprises:welding a side panel to perimeters of each of the first and second sheets to define the inflatable chamber containing the plurality of isolating members; or
welding the first and second sheets together along their perimeters to define the inflatable chamber containing the plurality of isolating members.


US Pat. No. 11,065,822

BINDING MACHINE AND METHOD FOR SECURING A PART OF A BINDING ELEMENT IN A LOOP AROUND ONE OR MORE OBJECTS

Sund Birsta AB, Sundsval...


1. A binding machine comprising:a feeding device (5) for feeding an elongated binding element (3), in the form of a wire or strap, into a loop around a space (4) configured for receiving one or more objects (16) to be bound and subsequently retracting the binding element (3) to draw it tightly around one or more objects (16) received in said space (4);
a gripping device (11) for gripping and locking a first binding element section (7a) at the leading end of the binding element after the feeding of the binding element into the loop around said space (4) to form a looped part (3a) of the binding element;
a laser welding device (12) for forming a welded joint (8) between said first binding element section (7a) and an adjoining second binding element section (7b) at the trailing end of the looped part (3a) of the binding element to thereby secure the looped part (3a) of the binding element around said one or more objects (16); and
an electronic control device (60), wherein the electronic control device (60) is configured to control the laser welding device (12) to direct a laser beam (14) onto an area (30) across the binding element (3) at the trailing end of the second binding element section (7b) to reduce the tensile strength of the binding element (3) at the trailing end of the second binding element section (7b), and the electronic control device (60) is configured to control the feeding device (5) to retract the binding element (3) to subject said area (30) to tensile stress and thereby cause the binding element to be broken off at the trailing end of the second binding element section (7b).

US Pat. No. 11,065,821

VIBRATION WELDING DEVICE, METHOD FOR CONNECTING AT LEAST TWO ELONGATED COMPONENTS BY VIBRATION WELDING, AND A PRODUCTION METHOD FOR THE VIBRATION WELDING DEVICE


1. A vibration welding device with a mechanically coupled multiple vibrator, wherein the vibration welding device comprises:a. at least three vibration units, each consisting of at least one pair of electromagnetic coils that oppose each other, wherein by each of the at least one pair of electromagnetic coils a spring-supported vibrator arranged therebetween can be made to execute linear vibrations in a first direction,
b. an elongated tool, wherein by the elongated tool a component to be welded is movable and the elongated tool is mechanically connected to all vibration units, wherein
c. the vibration units are arranged relative to the elongated tool such that the first direction of vibrations of the individual vibration units is oriented approximately transverse to a longitudinal axis of the tool such that, during a vibration welding process, two components are weldable to each other by vibrations in a direction different than a longitudinal direction of the components.

US Pat. No. 11,065,820

OPTIMIZATION APPROACH TO LOAD BALANCING AND MINIMIZATION OF BUILD TIME IN ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

General Electric Company,...


1. A method comprising:receiving input including: coordinates of two or more regions to be fabricated on a build plate, a laser boundary for each of two or more lasers, wherein the lasers fabricate the two or more regions, a processing time for each region, and a smoke drift model;
deriving a prioritized sequence of the two or more regions to be fabricated;
determining, based on the received coordinates and received laser boundary, one or more potential lasers assignments for each region;
determining a laser-to-region sequence for the two or more lasers to fabricate two or more regions, the laser-to-region sequence based on: 1. the determined potential laser assignments, 2. the prioritized sequence of the two or more regions, 3. the processing time for each region, and 4. a lag time output by the smoke drift model for activation of one of the two or more lasers based on a time for smoke from another one of the two or more lasers to dissipate, wherein the laser-to-region sequence is a scheduled processing order for the two or more regions including a scheduled assignment of processing start time for each of a first laser and a second laser of the two or more lasers to process the two or more regions, wherein the laser-to-region sequence optimizes a makespan of the two or more lasers and avoids contact by the first laser with smoke produced by the first laser and smoke trajectory generated by the second laser of the two or more lasers, and the determination of the laser-to-region sequence is prior to processing of the one or more regions;
assigning the determined laser-to-region sequence to the two or more lasers for fabrication of the two or more regions.

US Pat. No. 11,065,819

POROUS STRUCTURE AND METHODS OF MAKING SAME


1. A method for fabricating a porous structure utilizing a rapid manufacturing machine, the method comprising:creating an input model of the porous structure, wherein the input model defines a plurality of distinct portions of the porous structure;
selecting a selected subset portion of the plurality of portions, the selected subset portion requiring a dimensional modification in at least one direction during the manufacture of the porous structure by the rapid manufacturing machine;
assigning a corresponding local coordinate system to each of the plurality of portions, wherein the local coordinate systems are separate and independent from a machine coordinate system that defines a build plane of the machine;
modifying a dimension of the selected subset portion in a direction perpendicular to the build plane to modify the input model to produce an updated input model for fabrication by the machine to correct the dimensional modification; and
fabricating, by the machine, the porous structure based on the updated input model by exposing fusible material to an energy source;
wherein modifying the dimension of the selected subset portion in the direction perpendicular to the build plane comprises:transforming the corresponding local coordinate system to coincide with the machine coordinate system of the build plane; and
applying a scaling factor to the dimension of the corresponding subset portion in response to transforming the corresponding local coordinate system to the machine coordinate system, the scaling factor increasing or decreasing the dimension of the corresponding subset portion.


US Pat. No. 11,065,818

RAPID PROTOTYPING APPARATUS

Stratasys Ltd., Rehovot ...


1. Apparatus for producing a three-dimensional model by sequentially forming layers of photopolymer material one on top of the other responsive to data defining the three-dimensional model, the apparatus comprising:at least one printing head configured to selectively dispense the photopolymer material responsive to data defining a shape of the three-dimensional model;
an array of LEDs controllable to provide radiation to polymerize the photopolymer material, wherein the LEDs in said array are non-packaged LEDs; and
a controller configured to:control the at least one printing head to dispense the photopolymer material to sequentially form the layers of photopolymer material; and
to turn on the array of LEDs to provide the radiation to cure the photopolymer material when situated above the photopolymer material and to turn off the array of LEDs when not situated above the photopolymer material.


US Pat. No. 11,065,817

EXTRUSION ORIFICE CLEANING

MASSIVIT 3D PRINTING TECH...


16. A self-cleaning extrusion orifice assembly, comprising:a cylindrical body terminated by a cylindrical segment defining an orifice;
a plunger with first, second and third conical segments; and
a segment with multiple-start helical grooves, wherein the plunger moves to scrape off deposited extrusion process debris from the cylindrical segment.

US Pat. No. 11,065,816

MANUFACTURE OF THREE DIMENSIONAL OBJECTS FROM THERMOSETS

CHROMATIC 3D MATERIALS, I...


1. A method of creating a three dimensional (3D) object from reactive components that form a thermoset product using extruded thermoset printing, comprising:providing a first reactive component and a second reactive component that are effective to form a thermoset product having a predetermined layer resolution during the method;
introducing the first reactive component and the second reactive component into a mixing chamber where mixing occurs to form a mixture,wherein the first reactive component comprises a polyol and an amine prepolymer, a fast reactant, and a slow reactant, wherein the first reactive component comprises 1% to 10% fast reactant and 1% to 75% slow reactant, and
wherein the second reactive component comprises from about 64% to about 84% of an isocyanate prepolymer and from about 16% to about 36% of a monomeric isocyanate,wherein the first reactive component and the second reactive component have a residence time in the mixing chamber effective to form a partially reacted thermoset product in the mixing chamber and result in the predetermined layer resolution upon exiting the mixing chamber, and
wherein the first reactive component and the second reactive component have a residence time in the mixing chamber insufficient to completely react;


extruding the partially reacted thermoset product out of the mixing chamber through an extrusion nozzle and onto a substrate; and
moving the extrusion nozzle and/or the substrate to form a 3D object having a predetermined shape resolution.

US Pat. No. 11,065,815

POWDER DISPENSING ASSEMBLY FOR AN ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING MACHINE

General Electric Company,...


1. A powder dispensing assembly for an additive manufacturing machine, the powder dispensing assembly comprising:a hopper defining a powder reservoir for receiving additive powder; and
a plurality of powder distribution modules removably mounted to the hopper, each of the plurality of powder distribution modules comprising:a powder distribution body defining a discharge orifice and a supply gate that fluidly couples the powder reservoir to the discharge orifice;
a valve operably coupled to the discharge orifice; and
an actuator operably coupled to the valve to move the valve to dispense a flow of additive powder.


US Pat. No. 11,065,814

HEATING DEVICE FOR ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING, HEATING MODULE AND MANUFACTURING APPARATUS THEREWITH

National Chung-Shan Insti...


1. A heating module for additive manufacturing, the heating module comprising:four heating devices, each of the four heating devices comprising:a heating source;
a reflective cover covering the heating source and formed in a curved shape, an inner surface of the reflective cover facing towards the heating source, the inner surface being made of thermal radiation reflective material;
a cover rotating unit for rotating the reflective cover;
a rotation controlling unit for controlling rotation of the cover rotating unit, wherein the rotation controlling unit controls the cover rotating unit to rotate the reflective cover so as to modulate heating directions of the four heating devices to perform a scanning heating process for irradiating different areas; and
a heating source holder for holding the heating source, the reflective cover, the cover rotating unit and the rotation controlling unit; and

two heating module frames for supporting the four heating devices, each of the two heating module frames being a rectangular frame;
wherein the heating directions of the four heating devices are modulated so that the four heating devices irradiate different areas or different locations of a specific area according to a set modulating mode during a complementary scanning heating procedure performed by the four heating devices, each pair of the four heating devices are disposed substantially parallel to each other and respectively disposed on opposite upper and lower edges of the corresponding rectangular frame, and the two heating module frames are integrated via combining edges without the four heating devices so as to form an L-shaped frame assembly so that the four heating devices irradiate areas with ranges at least partially intersecting each other during the complementary scanning heating procedure performed by the four heating devices.

US Pat. No. 11,065,813

APPARATUS FOR ADDITIVELY MANUFACTURING THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECTS

CONCEPT LASER GMBH, Lich...


1. A system for additively-manufacturing three-dimensional objects, the system comprising:a plurality of apparatuses respectively comprising a process chamber configured to additively manufacture three-dimensional objects by successive layerwise selective irradiation and consolidation of layers of a powdered build material;
a stream generating unit configured to generate a stream of process gas and to circulate the stream of process gas through a corresponding one of one or more streaming paths, the corresponding one of the one or more streaming paths respectively comprising a process chamber inlet and a process chamber outlet such that the process gas flows through the process chamber of a respective one of the plurality of apparatuses, thereby accumulating and removing charged particles therefrom;
a filter unit disposed along the corresponding one of the one or more streaming paths, the filter unit configured and arranged such that the process gas having accumulated charged particles flows therethrough, the filter unit thereby separating the charged particles from the process gas;
one or more particle reception chambers respectively coupled to the filter unit and/or a corresponding further filter unit by one or more particle guides, the one or more particle reception chambers configured and arranged to receive charged particles having been separated from the process gas;
a passivation unit configured and arranged to supply a passivation material to the one or more particle guides and/or the one or more particle reception chambers; and
a driving unit configured to facilitate movement of the one or more particle reception chambers.

US Pat. No. 11,065,812

POWDER MODULE DEVICE FOR AN APPARATUS FOR ADDITIVELY MANUFACTURING THREE-DIMENSIONAL OBJECTS

CONCEPT LASER GMBH, Lich...


1. A powder module device of an apparatus for additively manufacturing three-dimensional objects by successive layerwise selective irradiation and consolidation of layers of a powdered build material with an energy beam, comprising:a powder module, comprising:a powder module base body configured to receive a powdered build material,
a bottom wall element,
at least one side wall element, wherein the bottom wall element and the at least one side wall element delimit a build material receiving volume, and
an opening for introducing a powdered build material into the build material receiving volume, wherein, in a docking position, the opening of the powder module and an opening of a process chamber of an apparatus together provide a passageway between the build material receiving volume and the process chamber in an open state of the powder module device;

a lid, comprising a lid base body configured to be connected to the powder module base body to close the opening of the powder module base body in a closed state of the powder module device;
a sealing device configured to provide a seal between the powder module and the lid in the closed state of the powder module device, the sealing device comprising at least one expandable sealing element, the expandable sealing element comprising at least one expandable volume which is at least partly fillable with a pressurized expansion medium so as to expand the expandable sealing element from a first expansion state to a second expansion state; and
a streaming channel structure extending within at least one of the lid base body or the powder module base body, the streaming channel structure in fluid communication with the at least one expandable volume.

US Pat. No. 11,065,811

THREE-DIMENSIONAL PRINTER HEAD INCLUDING AN AUTOMATIC TOUCHDOWN APPARATUS

ESSENTIUM, INC., Pfluger...


1. A three-dimensional printer head, comprising:a drive motor including a drive shaft;
a feed plate affixed to the drive motor;
a feed hob mounted to the drive shaft, wherein the feed hob includes drive teeth configured to engage a filament;
an idle assembly mounted to the feed plate configured to bias the filament against the drive teeth;
a z-axis plate assembly, wherein the z-axis plate assembly includes at least two flexures coupling a z-axis plate to the feed plate;
a print nozzle mounted to the z-axis plate assembly; and
a sensor coupled to the feed plate, wherein the sensor is at least one of a contact sensor or a non-contact sensor and the sensor is configured to be triggered by the z-axis plate assembly when the z-axis plate assembly moves a given distance in a first direction.

US Pat. No. 11,065,810

ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM AND METHOD

Seurat Technologies, Inc....


1. An additive manufacturing system, comprising:a first laser configured to emit a light beam at a first wavelength;
a second laser configured to emit a light beam at a second wavelength different from the first wavelength;
beam shaping optics that form a single beam, the beam shaping optics including at least one wavelength filter configured to pass light of the first wavelength and reflect light of the second wavelength in a common beam; and
a light patterning unit configured to receive the common beam and form a two-dimensional patterned beam,
wherein the beam shaping optics further comprise a valve configured to apply a pattern on the common beam of light to provide the two-dimensional patterned beam of light directable toward a predefined location, and
wherein the valve is optically addressable to form a two-dimensional pattern.

US Pat. No. 11,065,809

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING A THREE- DIMENSIONAL OBJECT BUILT UP FROM AT LEAST ONE MATERIAL LAYER

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...


1. An apparatus for producing a three-dimensional object, the apparatus comprising:an application unit to build up the three-dimensional object from at least one material layer by selective solidification of at least one powder raw material applied successively to a build platform; and
an irradiation unit adapted to solidify the at least one powder raw material via an energy input from a beam, the irradiation unit and the application unit forming a build group, and the irradiation unit comprising a contiguous group of irradiation elements, is rotatably mounted on the application unit.

US Pat. No. 11,065,808

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR COMPRESSING MATERIAL DURING ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING

Thermwood Corporation, D...


1. An additive manufacturing method, comprising:depositing a layer of a fiber-reinforced material on a surface via an opening secured with an applicator;
displacing the opening along a path of travel;
translating a compression device secured to the applicator along the path of travel of the opening; and
compressing the layer of the fiber-reinforced material with the compression device, wherein the compression device includes:a roller including a cylindrical center portion and a pair of opposed axial end portions, the cylindrical center portion extending in an axial direction of the roller, the cylindrical center portion coming into contact with the fiber-reinforced material during the compressing while one or both of the pair of opposed axial end portions of the roller overlap a portion of the fiber-reinforced material so as to form a gap between the fiber-reinforced material and an edge of the roller; and
a support structure extending outwardly with respect to the pair of opposed axial end portions of the roller, the support structure positioning the roller behind the opening with respect to the path of travel of the opening and below the applicator.


US Pat. No. 11,065,807

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING A HEAT-SHRINK ELASTOMERIC ELEMENT

The University of Texas S...


1. A method of manufacturing a heat-shrink elastomeric element comprising:providing a thermoplastic elastomeric element having a first shape;
irradiating at least a portion of the thermoplastic elastomeric element with a radiation dose of between about 5 to about 300 kilogray to produce a thermoset elastomeric element having the first shape;
heating the thermoset elastomeric element to a temperature of at least the glass transition temperature of the thermoset elastomeric element;
adjusting the first shape of the thermoset elastomeric element to produce a second shape with at least one dimension greater than that of the first shape; and
cooling the thermoset elastomeric element to a temperature below that of the glass transition temperature of the thermoset elastomeric element to produce the heat-shrink elastomeric element.

US Pat. No. 11,065,806

APPARATUS FOR LONGITUDINAL ORIENTATION OF THERMOPLASTIC FILM MATERIAL

The Supreme Industries, L...


1. An apparatus for longitudinal orientation of a thermoplastic film (4) comprising:a width-reducing and pleating station, wherein the width-reducing and pleating imparts a longitudinal pleating to film (4), the width reduction occurs between two smooth banana rollers or roller assemblies and the pleating occurs between the two smooth banana rollers via at least one pair of intermeshing pleating banana rollers,
a longitudinal stretching station, wherein the longitudinal stretching occurs at a temperature below a melting range of the thermoplastic material of the film (4) so that the pleating disappears,
an annealing station comprising an oven (114) that heats the film (4) to stabilize the orientation of the film (4) under relaxation conditions at a temperature between 60° C. and 80° C.,
a tension measuring banana roller (118) located before the oven (114),
driven rollers (115) and (116) located after the oven (114),
wherein a tension in the film (4) during the relaxation in the oven (114) is set by a circumferential velocity of the driven rollers (115) and (116) and automatically controlled by the tension measuring banana roller (118), to avoid a tendency of the film (4) to re-shape into a partly pleated form during film relaxation.

US Pat. No. 11,065,805

WARPAGE REDUCTION DEVICE AND WARPAGE REDUCTION METHOD

EO TECHNICS CO., LTD., G...


1. A warpage reduction device comprising:a jig, on which a workpiece is placed, having a warped shape capable of distributing stress of the workpiece;
a light source configured to heat the workpiece;
a pressurizer configured to apply pressure to press the heated workpiece against the jig so as to be deformed;
a cooler configured to cool the deformed workpiece;
a controller configured to control operations of the light source, the pressurizer, and the cooler; and
a warpage measurement vision configured to measure a degree of warpage of the workpiece.

US Pat. No. 11,065,804

ENERGY EFFICIENT BLOW MOLDER CONTROL

AGR International, Inc., ...


1. A blow molder system comprising:a blow molder that produces containers from preforms, wherein the blow molder comprises:a plurality of molds; and
a blow molder sensor for sensing an operating condition of the blow molder;

a container inspection system for inspecting the containers produced by the blow molder; and
a blow molder controller that is in communication with the blow molder and the container inspection system, wherein the blow molder controller is configured to:receive outputs from the blow molder sensor and the container inspection system;
determine a set of blow molder input parameters for the blow molder that drives the containers generated by the blow molder toward a desired container characteristic, wherein the set of blow molder input parameters are determined based on:the outputs from the container inspection system and blow molder sensor; and
operating cost data for the blow molder, wherein the operating cost data comprises energy costs for operating the blow molder; and

output the set of blow molder input parameters to the blow molder for implementation by the blow molder,

wherein the blow molder controller determines the set of blow molder input parameters by determining the set of blow molder input parameters that optimize a plurality of factors, wherein the plurality of factors comprise:satisfaction of the desired container characteristic;
time to reach the desired container characteristic; and
operating costs for the blow molder to implement the set of blow molder input parameters, wherein the operating costs are based on the operating cost data for the blow molder.


US Pat. No. 11,065,803

PREFORM CONVEYING DEVICE, PREFORM CONVEYING METHOD, AND BLOW MOLDING DEVICE

NISSEI ASB MACHINE CO., L...


1. A preform conveying device, comprising:a continuous conveyor section that continuously conveys a conveyor jig which supports a preform along a heating conveyor path;
an intermittent conveyor section that intermittently conveys a conveyor arm between a first position and a second position along a direction which is parallel to the heating conveyor path, the preform being transferred from the conveyor jig to the conveyor arm during the conveying of the conveyor arm; and
a controller that controls the intermittent conveyor section so that the conveyor arm which was waiting in the first position can catch up with the conveyor jig, which is being conveyed continuously,
wherein the continuous conveyor section includes a first motor which applies conveying force to the conveyor jig and a first encoder which detects a rotation angle of the first motor,
wherein the intermittent conveyor section includes a second motor which applies conveying force to the conveyor arm,
wherein the controller is in communication with the first and second encoders and detects an arriving time at which the conveyor jig arrives at a reference position facing the first position based on an output of the first encoder, and commands the second motor to move the conveyor arm to a target position at regular intervals from the arriving time, the target position in each command being a position calculated by the controller by adding, to a current position of the conveyor jig which is obtained based on a latest output of the first encoder which was obtained when the command has been issued, a moving distance by which the conveyor jig has advanced during a delay time which spans from a time when the latest output is outputted from the first encoder to a time when the command is received by the second motor,
wherein the continuous conveyor section further includes:an endless chain conveying the conveyor jig and in which a plurality of links are connected; and
a drive sprocket driven by the first motor and meshing with the endless chain, and

wherein a distance over which the endless chain moves from the reference position during a synchronously driving period, which is a period during which the conveyor arm staying in the first position is caused to catch up with the conveyor jig by the command, is set less than one fourth of a link length which is a length between supporting points of one link.

US Pat. No. 11,065,802

BLOW MOLDING METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR FORMING SQUEEZABLE PLASTIC CONTAINER

Silgan Plastics LLC, Che...


1. A blow mold system, comprising:a mold body including a central bore extending from a first end of the mold body to a second end of the mold body along a longitudinal axis, wherein the first end is configured to receive a mold preform; and
a base portion including a recess;
wherein the base portion is arranged at the second end of the mold body such that the central bore and recess define a blow mold cavity in which a container may be formed from the mold preform.

US Pat. No. 11,065,801

INJECTION STRETCH BLOW MOLDING MACHINE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING HOLLOW MOLDED BODY

Aoki Technical Laboratory...


1. An injection stretch blow molding machine in which an injection molding section, a stretch blow molding section, and an ejection section are provided around a rotation center axis of a rotating plate below the rotating plate having a lower surface to which lip molds for forming an outer peripheral surface of a mouth portion of a preform and for conveying a preform, the rotating plate being configured to stop at every constant rotation angle and ascend and descend, the lip molds corresponding to the injection molding section, the stretch blow molding section, and the ejection section every time the rotating plate rotates at the constant rotation angle and descends,the injection stretch blow molding machine comprising a cooling device capable of blowing cooling into an inside of a hollow molded body which is disposed in the ejection section and whose mouth portion is held by the lip mold, where
the cooling device is configured to blow cooling air into the inside of the hollow molded body disposed in the ejection section to cool the hollow molded body disposed in the ejection section to complete fixation of a container shape, the ejection section is provided with a pushing mechanism body,
the pushing mechanism body has a rod movable in a vertical direction corresponding to the mouth portion of the hollow molded body disposed in the ejection section, a movement range of a lower end of the rod is set to a range from above the hollow molded body disposed in the ejection section through a position of the mouth portion of the hollow molded body to the inside of the hollow molded body, when the lower end of the rod reaches the position of the mouth portion of the hollow molded body from above the hollow molded body, descending of the rod is temporarily stopped, the lip mold is opened to release holding of the mouth portion of the hollow molded body by the lip mold at the time of descending of the rod after the temporal stop, and the hollow molded body whose holding by the lip mold is released is pushed downward,
the rod of the pushing mechanism body is provided with a passage through which cooling air of the cooling device passes with a blow-out port located at the lower end of the rod, and
the cooling device blows cooling air from the blow-out port to the inside of the hollow molded body at the latest by the temporal stop of the descending rod.

US Pat. No. 11,065,800

GRANULATOR, NOZZLE ARRANGEMENT FOR A GRANULATOR, AND RELEVANT OPERATING METHOD

Nordson Corporation, Wes...


1. A nozzle arrangement for a granulator, the nozzle arrangement comprising:a nozzle body with an inlet side and an outlet side;
a nozzle plate with nozzle holes to form melt strands, said nozzle plate being arranged on the outlet side of the nozzle body,
wherein a plurality of flow channels are formed in the nozzle body and extend from the inlet side and to the outlet side in a fluid-conducting manner for supplying melt flow to the nozzle plate; and
at least one annular connection channel in fluid communication with both a flow channel of the plurality of flow channels of the nozzle body and the nozzle holes of the nozzle plate.

US Pat. No. 11,065,799

ADJUSTABLE VENTURI RING

BRAMPTON ENGINEERING INC....


1. An apparatus comprising:a fixed upper lip positioned to define an air flow passage of fixed dimensions, the fixed upper lip to direct air flow from the air flow passage around a bubble of blown film; and
a Venturi ring movably mounted with respect to the fixed upper lip and adjustable in position with respect to the fixed upper lip, the Venturi ring to adjustably lock the bubble of blown film.

US Pat. No. 11,065,798

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR INJECTING A FLUID FORMULATION INTO A MELTED POLYMERIC MATERIAL

COLORMATRIX HOLDINGS, INC...


20. Apparatus for injecting a fluid formulation into a melted polymeric material, the apparatus comprising a first progressing cavity pump (pcp) and a second pcp arranged in series in a fluid path upstream of an outlet of the apparatus wherein said apparatus is provided in combination with a melt processing apparatus, wherein said outlet of the apparatus for injecting is in fluid communication with an inlet via which fluid formulation can be introduced into a melt stream produced by said melt processing apparatus; wherein the apparatus includes a user interface by means of which a user may input process information selected from melt processing apparatus throughput, injection point pressure and LDR (Let-Down-Ratio), wherein said first pcp and said second pcp are independently operable.

US Pat. No. 11,065,797

BLOWN-FILM EXTRUSION APPARATUS AND A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A BLOWN FILM

DOTECO S.p.A., Mirandola...


1. A blown-film extrusion apparatus (100) for making a tubular polymer film (1?) comprising:an extruder (2) having an extrusion mouth (4) configured for extruding a molten polymer in the form of a tubular element (1) at a predetermined temperature;
a solidification ring (5) arranged to harden said tubular element (1) to form said tubular polymer film (1?), and a film conveyor (6) arranged for conveying said tubular polymer film (1?) and said tubular element (1) upwards about a substantially vertical axis (25) of said apparatus (100),
wherein said solidification ring (5) is configured for delivering cooling air (5?) out of said tubular element (1) about said axis (25) at a predetermined cooling height (zR) above said extrusion mouth (4),
said apparatus (100) also comprising a delivery device (30,40,50,60,70,80,90) arranged to deliver correction air to hit externally said tubular element (100), in order to locally modify said temperature and locally correct the thickness of said tubular polymer film (1?),
said delivery device (30,40,50,60,70,80,90) comprising:
a distribution chamber (57,78) having an inlet opening (65) and a plurality of distribution outlet ports (62,86) for said correction air;
a plurality of air delivery members (41,51,71,81,81?,91) of said correction air having respective inlet ports (32) and respective delivery channels (37) ending with respective delivery mouths (33,33?,33?,33??) downstream of said delivery channels (37), said delivery mouths arranged about said axis (25) for delivering correction air partial streams (19?), in order to hit said tubular element (1) at respective angular correction positions (17),
a plurality of flow control elements (68), each pneumatically connected between:
a respective distribution outlet port (62,86) of said distribution outlet ports of said distribution chamber (57,78), and
an inlet port (32) of a respective air delivery member (41,51,71,81,81?,91) of said air delivery members,
wherein each of said flow control elements (68) is configured for receiving a respective adjustment signal (12?) and for modifying an own passageway for said correction air responsive to said adjustment signal (12?), in order to adjust the flowrate of a respective correction air partial stream of said correction air partial streams responsive to said respective adjustment signal (12?),
wherein said delivery device (30,40,50,60,70,80,90) comprises a plurality of separate radial ducts (45,45?,45?,45??) each defining a respective delivery channel (37) of said delivery channels and having a predetermined length (W), wherein said separate radial ducts (45,45?,45?,45??) are spaced apart from one another by separation spaces (44), and said delivery mouths (33,33?,33?,33??) of delivery channels (37) of adjacent separate radial ducts (45,45?,45?,45??) are arranged at a mutual predetermined distance (B), so that said correction air partial streams, after hitting said tubular element (1) at respective angular correction positions (17), can at least in part return backwards outside of said ducts (1) flowing through said separation spaces (44),
wherein said delivery mouths (33,33?,33?,33??) are arranged at a correction height (zC) set between said cooling height (zR) of said solidification ring (5) and said extrusion mouth (4),
wherein an air delivery member (31,51,71,71,81,81?) of said air delivery members comprises a plurality of correction air delivery mouths (33?,33?,33??), said delivery mouths (33?,33?,33??) arranged at different heights along the direction of said axis (25) of said delivery device (20,50,60,70,80), and
a delivery mouth (33?,33?) arranged at a lower height than any couple of adjacent delivery mouths of said delivery mouths (33?,33?,33??) of a same air delivery member (31,51,71,71,81,81?) arranged at a position closer to said axis (25) than a delivery mouth (33?,33??) of said couple of adjacent delivery mouths arranged at a height higher than said lower height.

US Pat. No. 11,065,796

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTINUOUSLY MANUFACTURING CURED MEMBRANES

Firestone Building Produc...


1. A system for continuously manufacturing cured membranes comprising:(i) a planetary mixing extruder including a vacuum adapted to subject a vulcanizable rubber composition therein to a reduced pressure in a portion of the mixing extruder;
(ii) a roller head die for extruding and calendering the vulcanizable rubber composition to form a green membrane; and
(iii) a hot air conveyor for continuously curing the green membrane to produce a cured membrane.

US Pat. No. 11,065,795

MOLDING SYSTEM FOR PREPARING THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITE ARTICLE

CORETECH SYSTEM CO., LTD....


1. A molding system for preparing an injection-molded plastic article, comprising:a molding machine;
a mold disposed on the molding machine and having a mold cavity for being filled with a molding resin including a polymeric material having a plurality of fibers;
a processing module configured to simulate an anisotropic viscosity distribution of the molding resin in the mold cavity based on a molding condition for the molding machine; wherein the anisotropic viscosity distribution of the molding resin is simulated based in part on consideration of an integral effect of a volume fraction and an aspect ratio of the plurality of fibers; and
a controller coupled to the processing module and configured to control the molding machine with the molding condition using the simulated anisotropic viscosity distribution of the molding resin to perform an actual molding process for preparing the injection-molded plastic article;
wherein the processing module performs a first model to simulate the integral effect of a volume fraction and an aspect ratio of the fibers, and the first model is represented by an expression:




where Np is the ratio of elongation viscosity ?E to shear viscosity ?S; ? is the volume fraction of the fibers, and Lf and Df are fiber length and fiber diameter, respectively, NP0 and ?c are parameters.

US Pat. No. 11,065,794

INJECTION MOLDING FLOW CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD

Synventive Molding Soluti...


1. A flow control system for implementing an injection molding process in which one or more nozzles, during an injection cycle, feed fluid material(s) into a cavity of a mold, each nozzle having an associated valve pin, driven by an associated actuator, for opening and closing a respective gate into the cavity, and a position sensor is associated with each valve pin for monitoring a plurality of actual pin positions with respect to the gate and generating a sensor output signal indicative of the plurality of actual pin positions as the valve pin moves between gate closed and gate open positions, the flow control system comprising:a junction box coupled to a recipe storage on the mold and providing a wireless communication interface for transmitting and receiving wireless communications with each of:a controller that controls movement of each valve pin over the course of the injection cycle in accordance with a set of process parameters, the controller being in wireless communication with the junction box;
a mobile user interface, in wireless communication with the junction box, configured to receive input from a human operator in the form of process parameters and commands relating to the injection molding process for wireless transmission to at least one of the junction box and the controller;

the flow control system being configured to receive and process the sensor output signal from an associated position sensor to determine, from the plurality of actual pin positions, one or more actual process parameters; and
a user display being configured to receive and display the plurality of actual pin positions and/or the one or more actual process parameters by which a human operator can track the molding process in real time during the injection cycle;
wherein one or more of the junction box and the controller are configured to process the sensor output signal to generate a control signal to control the pin position; and the mobile user interface is configured to receive operator input for adjusting the control signal to control the pin position.

US Pat. No. 11,065,793

INJECTION MOLDING FLOW CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD

Synventive Molding Soluti...


1. A flow control system for implementing an injection molding process in which one or more nozzles, during an injection cycle, feed fluid material(s) into a cavity of a mold, each nozzle having an associated valve pin, driven by an associated actuator, for opening and closing a respective gate into the cavity, and a position sensor is associated with each valve pin for monitoring a plurality of actual pin positions with respect to the gate and generating a sensor output signal indicative of the plurality of actual pin positions as the valve pin moves between gate closed and gate open positions, the flow control system comprising:a junction box coupled via a wireless media for transmitting and receiving wireless communications with each of:a controller that controls movement of each valve pin over the course of the injection cycle in accordance with a set of process parameters, the controller being in wireless communication with the junction box;
a mobile user interface, in wireless communication with the junction box, configured to receive input from a human operator in the form of process parameters and commands relating to the injection molding process for wireless transmission to at least one of the junction box and the controller;

the flow control system being configured to receive and process the sensor output signal from the associated position sensor to determine, from the plurality of actual pin positions, one or more actual process parameters; and
a user display being configured to receive and display the plurality of actual pin positions and/or the one or more actual process parameters by which a human operator can track the molding process in real time during the injection cycle;
wherein one or more of the junction box and the controller are configured to process the sensor output signal to generate a control signal to control the pin position; and the mobile user interface is configured to receive operator input for adjusting the control signal to control the pin position.

US Pat. No. 11,065,792

INJECTION MOULDING APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR INJECTION MOULDING AND IR-COMPATIBLE DISPLAY FRAME

Uniplas Enterprises Pte. ...


1. An injection moulding method for producing a moulded article, comprising:(i) providing a first mould component having a first mould component moulding surface and a first mould component engagement surface which meets the first mould component moulding surface at a first mould component moulding edge, and
a second mould component having a second mould component moulding surface and a second mould component engagement surface which meets the second mould component moulding surface at a second mould component moulding edge, the second mould component further including a movable core;
(ii) securing a layer of film to the first mould component moulding surface;
(iii) adjusting relative position of the first mould component and the second mould component to a closed position to define a mould cavity and in which the first mould component engagement surface is engaged with the second mould component engagement surface along a parting line, wherein in the closed position, the first mould component moulding edge is spaced from the second mould component moulding edge by an offset along the parting line;
(iv) injecting molten moulding material into the mould cavity to enable the molten moulding material to contact the layer of film;
(v) moving the movable core to compress the molten moulding material in the mould cavity; and
(vi) cooling the compressed molten moulding material to bond the layer of film to the cooled molten moulding material to form the moulded article, wherein the second mould component includes an optical waveguide cavity having a cavity wall which forms a part of the second mould component moulding surface, the cavity wall being arranged to meet the second mould component engagement surface at the second mould component edge.

US Pat. No. 11,065,791

HOT RUNNER NOZZLE TIP AND HOT RUNNER NOZZLE TIP COMPONENTS

MOLD-MASTERS (2007) LIMIT...


1. A hot runner nozzle tip for delivering a melt stream of moldable material to a mold cavity, the hot runner nozzle tip comprising:an inner tip component includinga base having a channel bore extending therethrough,
a torpedo having a first tapered portion with a conical-shaped outer surface that radially expands in a downstream direction, a second tapered portion with a conical-shaped outer surface that radially contracts in the downstream direction and an inner extension portion extending between the first and second tapered portions,
wherein the first tapered portion of the torpedo is surrounded by an expanding portion of the channel bore having a conical-shaped inner surface that radially expands in the downstream direction so as to define a first annular channel segment between the conical-shaped outer surface of the first tapered portion of the torpedo and the conical-shaped inner surface of the expanding portion of the channel bore; and

an outer tip component includingan attachment portion for connecting the nozzle tip to a hot runner nozzle,

an outer extension portion projecting from the attachment portion, anda bore extending through the attachment portion and the outer extension portion,

wherein the inner tip component is received in the outer tip component so as to define a second annular channel segment extending in the downstream direction from the first annular channel segment, the second annular channel segment being defined between the inner extension portion of the torpedo and the bore extending through the outer tip component,
wherein a third annular channel segment is defined between the conical-shaped outer surface of the second tapered portion of the torpedo and an internal tapered surface of a contracting portion of the bore of the outer tip component, the third annular channel segment having a cross-sectional area that decreases in size towards a tip outlet, and
wherein at least a portion of the first annular channel segment is apportioned into one or more arcuate channel segments by a respective one or more connectors extending between the conical-shaped outer surface of the first tapered portion of the torpedo and the conical-shaped inner surface of the expanding portion of the channel bore, and a cross-sectional area of each of the one or more arcuate channel segments increases in the downstream direction.

US Pat. No. 11,065,789

METHOD FOR ESTABLISHING OF EROSION RESISTANT SURFACE PART ON A WIND TURBINE BLADE, METHOD FOR CREATION OF AN EROSION RESISTANT COATING, WIND TURBINE BLADE WITH RETROFITTED COATING IN AND AROUND AREAS WHERE THE BLADE IS ESPECIALLY EXPOSED TO EROSION DAMAGE

Blade Repair Solutions IV...


10. A method for manufacturing of an erosion resistant surface part for a wind turbine blade (25), said method comprising:a) making a plug (6) of an outer geometry of a surface of the wind turbine blade;
b) orientating the plug (6) in a room such that a front edge of the plug faces upwards, whereby a tangent (20) to the front edge forms a horizontal line and touch points between horizontal tangents (20) and the plug (6) form a front edge line (21);
c) coating the plug (6) with a release agent and/or other surface treatment, which allows casting on, and subsequent demoulding from, a surface of the plug;
d) forming an erosion resistant coating by casting a cohesive glass fibre mat on the plug (6) across the front edge line (21) and a predetermined length from the front edge line (21) and down along two sides of the plug;
e) after casting the cohesive glass fibre mat on the plug, casting at least one layer which includes a hardening non-fibre polymer on the plug after the following steps:(1) plentifully dosing a non-fibre polymer along the front edge line (21) of the plug down in/on the glass fibre mat such that the non-fibre polymer runs out of the glass fibre mat and down along the two sides of the plug,
(2) burnishing a transition between the glass fibre mat and the non-fibre polymer,
(3) waiting a necessary amount of time for polymerisation to take place, thereafter repeating steps 1, 2 and 3 until a predetermined layer thickness is created and forming non-fibre lavers (2,3,4); and

f) ejecting the erosion resistant coating (10) from the plug (6) as the erosion resistant surface part.

US Pat. No. 11,065,787

COMPOSITE FORMING JIG AND COMPOSITE FORMING METHOD

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...


1. A composite forming method, comprising:manufacturing a composite structure body having a hollow region by disposing a rubber-made core having a tubular structure at a portion that forms the hollow region of the composite structure body, the core having a thickness varied in a direction perpendicular to a longitudinal direction of the core to be foldable inward at a thin portion;
pulling the core out of the hollow region by folding the core inward with air being discharged from an inside of the core after the composite structure body is manufactured;
inserting a reinforcing jig into the core before the core is disposed at the portion that forms the hollow region; and
heating the composite structure body to cure the composite structure body while the reinforcing jig is inserted into the core,
wherein the reinforcing jig includes a metal or carbon fiber reinforced plastics.

US Pat. No. 11,065,786

MOLD FOR FORMING A JOINT SPACER DEVICE OR A PART THEREOF


1. A mold for forming a hip spacer device or a part thereof, comprising:a rigid container body provided with a first perimeter profile delimiting a first molding surface configured to shape a first portion of the hip spacer device or the part thereof; and
a rigid cover provided with a second perimeter profile delimiting a second molding surface configured to shape a second portion of the hip spacer device or the part thereof,
wherein the rigid container body and the rigid cover are removably engageable with each other, at the first and the second perimeter profile, so as to delimit a cavity corresponding to an external configuration of the hip spacer device or the part thereof,
wherein the first molding surface defines a longitudinal half of the hip spacer device and the second molding surface defines another longitudinal half of the hip spacer device, and
wherein the first and the second molding surface are formed in a first and respectively a second base, a first and respectively a second perimeter wall extending substantially orthogonally to and away from the first and respectively the second base, the first and respectively the second perimeter wall being inclined in diverging directions between the first and respectively the second perimeter profile and the first and respectively the second base, so as to form a gap configured to receive excessive molding cement from the cavity, the first and respectively the second perimeter profile being at an outer end of the respective perimeter wall, and
wherein the mold comprises weakening means on the rigid container body and on the rigid cover so that both the rigid container body and the rigid cover are separable into parts to enable extraction of the hip spacer device or the part thereof, molded therebetween.

US Pat. No. 11,065,785

MASTER MOLD FOR WIRE GRID POLARIZER, WIRE GRID POLARIZER AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING WIRE GRID POLARIZER

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....


1. A master mold for manufacturing a wire grid polarizer, the master mold comprising:a mold substrate; and
a mold part disposed on the mold substrate,
wherein the mold part includes:
a plurality of embossed portions extending in a first direction substantially in parallel with one another, each of the embossed portions having an elongate shape with opposed ends and a middle region between the ends defining a stripe-like pattern;
a plurality of debossed portions, at least some of which are disposed between adjacent embossed portions, extending in the first direction and separating adjacent embossed portions; and
a plurality of embossed bridge portions arranged in a second direction intersecting the first direction, the plurality of embossed bridge portions extending between the middle regions of adjacent embossed portions and being offset from adjacent embossed bridge portions.

US Pat. No. 11,065,784

METHOD AND A TOOL FOR ASSEMBLING A FEMALE MOULD AND A FEMALE MOULD ARRANGEMENT


1. A method for assembling a female mould on a compression moulding machine for obtaining objects made of polymeric material by compression moulding, the compression moulding machine being configured for supporting a plurality of female moulds, the method comprising the steps of:providing a pre-assembled female mould arrangement, the pre-assembled female mould arrangement comprising a plurality of components including at least a base, a forming device having a forming cavity and a fastening element which renders the forming device fixed relative to the base;
placing the pre-assembled female mould arrangement on a support of the compression moulding machine;
fixing the pre-assembled female mould arrangement to the support,

wherein the forming device comprises an annular forming element extending about an axis and delimiting the forming cavity about said axis, the forming device further comprising a plate element, which delimits the forming cavity transversely to said axis, and wherein the pre-assembled female mould arrangement comprises a peripheral annular component that surrounds at least partially the annular forming element.

US Pat. No. 11,065,783

SILICON INGOT SLICING APPARATUS USING MICROBUBBLES AND WIRE ELECTRIC DISCHARGE MACHINING

KOREA INSTITUTE OF ENERGY...


1. A silicon ingot slicing apparatus using microbubbles and wire electric discharge machining, the silicon ingot slicing apparatus comprising:a water tank containing a jig attached to a lower surface of a silicon ingot, a conductive adhesive layer adhered between the silicon ingot and the jig, and deionized water (DIW);
an electrode connected to the silicon ingot;
a wire for slicing the silicon ingot while being transported in a first direction by a wire driver;
an additive injection passage for injecting an additive for generating the microbubbles into the water tank; and
a power supply for supplying power to the electrode and the wire so that arc discharge and electrolysis are performed between the silicon ingot and the wire,
wherein the silicon ingot slicing apparatus is configured to:generate the microbubbles on the surfaces of both the electrode and the silicon ingot by the additive, during application of a DC pulse voltage above 25V and less than 100V, by the power supply, to the electrode and the wire, wherein the generated microbubbles cause a dielectric breakdown of the DIW and an increase in electric discharge frequency of the silicon ingot slicing apparatus, and
slice the silicon ingot by moving the wire in the first direction during the application of the DC pulse voltage, the DC pulse voltage generating the arc discharge between the silicon ingot and the wire,

wherein an entirety of the silicon ingot is contained in the DIW; and
wherein the microbubbles have an average particle diameter of 40 to 60 ?m and a volume of the microbubbles is between 5% and 30% a volume of the DIW.

US Pat. No. 11,065,782

METHOD FOR CASTING A CONSTRUCTION ELEMENT


1. A method for casting building material to form a construction element using a computer-controlled apparatus, the apparatus having a material deposition head in communication with a reservoir of formwork material and being movable within a build volume of greater than 1 m3 responsive to computer instructions, the method comprising the sequential steps of:(a) receiving, by the apparatus, computer instructions relating to a formwork geometry;
(b) responsive to receiving the computer instructions, moving the material deposition head within the build volume and depositing the formwork material, from the deposition head, in specific locations defined by the computer instructions to progressively build up a formwork corresponding with the formwork geometry, such that the formwork defines a shell at least partially covering a scaffold structure, the scaffold structure comprising a plurality of interconnected braces defining a plurality of voids, and the shell defining a three-dimensional casting surface;
(c) applying one or more portions of composite material to the formwork in specific locations, defined by the computer instructions, to at least partially cover the casting surface;
(d) at least partially covering the casting surface and/or the one or more portions of composite material with the building material;
(e) at least partially curing the building material in contact with the casting surface so that the at least partially cured building material bonds to the one or more portions of the composite material and forms the construction element;
(f) removing at least a portion of the formwork from the construction element; and then
(g) collecting the formwork material removed from the construction element and recirculating the removed formwork material to the reservoir to allow the removed formwork material to be re-used, by the computer-controlled apparatus, to fabricate a further formwork.

US Pat. No. 11,065,781

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FOUR-DIMENSIONAL PRINTING OF ELASTOMER-DERIVED CERAMIC STRUCTURES BY SELF-FORMING METHOD

City University of Hong K...


1. A method of constructing a 4D-printed ceramic object, the method comprising the steps of:extruding inks including particles and polymeric ceramic precursors through a nozzle to deposit the inks to form a first elastic structure,
subjecting the first elastic structure to tensile stress along at least one axis,
extruding inks including particles and polymeric ceramic precursors through a nozzle to deposit the inks to form a second elastic structure provided to the first elastic structure under tensile stress,
releasing the application of tensile stress from the first elastic structure to allow the first elastic structure and second elastic structure to form a 4D-printed elastomeric object, and
converting the 4D-printed elastomeric object into the 4D-printed ceramic object.

US Pat. No. 11,065,780

ADJUSTING MECHANISM FOR A CUTTING TOOL

NAP ASSET HOLDINGS LTD., ...


1. An adjusting mechanism for a cutting tool rotatable about an axis, the cutting tool having knife holders circumferentially interspaced around a circumference thereof, the knife holders having a back surface facing a circumferential direction relative to the axis and a seat surface facing a radial direction relative to the axis, knife inserts supported by the back surface and by the seat surface of the knife holders the adjusting mechanism comprising:a support member configured for circumferentially spanning at least two of the knife holders, the support member having fixation points securable to the cutting tool;
a deformable member configured for being sandwiched axially between the cutting tool and the support member, the deformable member defining an adjustable lateral reference surface facing an axial direction relative to the axis and configured to be in abutment with the knife inserts of the cutting tool; and
an adjustment member mounted on one of the support member and the deformable member at a location between the fixation points of the support member, the adjustment member being operable to exert a force on the deformable member to locally deform the deformable member from an undeformed state to a deformed state, an axial distance between the support member and the deformable member at the location being greater in the deformed state than in the undeformed state, an axial position of the adjustable lateral reference surface at the location varying from the undeformed state to the deformed state, wherein the deformable member is a deformable ring circumferentially and continuously extending around the axis.

US Pat. No. 11,065,779

COPING SLED WITH IMPROVED HOLD DOWN CLAMP


1. A coping sled with an improved hold down clamp for clamping a piece of wood while cutting the piece of wood with a cutting tool, the coping sled comprising:a deck having a working area capable of supporting the piece of wood;
a clamping foot capable of holding the piece of wood with respect to the deck;
a first brace assembly having a first mast and a second mast, each being fixedly secured to the deck and defining a first gap therebetween;
a second brace assembly having a third mast and a fourth mast, each being fixedly secured to the clamping foot and defining a second gap therebetween;
a plurality of corresponding apertures on each of the first mast, the second mast, the third mast, and the fourth mast at designated vertical intervals;
a pivoting arm having a main shaft with a first end and a second end, the main shaft having a plurality of apertures at designated horizontal intervals from the first end to the second end;
a first locking pin securely interacting with a first pair of corresponding apertures of the first brace assembly and a first of the plurality of apertures at the first end of the main shaft of the pivoting arm; and
a second locking pin securely interacting with a second pair of corresponding apertures of the second brace assembly and a second of the plurality of apertures of the main shaft of the pivoting arm;
wherein the first locking pin is releasably detachable, such that the first brace assembly and the first end of the main shaft of the pivoting arm may be releasably secured to one another.

US Pat. No. 11,065,778

OPTICAL FIBER CUTTER

Fujikura Ltd., Tokyo (JP...


1. An optical fiber cutter comprising:a base that includes a pair of clamps disposed with an interval therebetween in a longitudinal direction of an optical fiber;
a blade member moving base that:includes a disk-shaped blade member and a blade shaft,
moves the blade member between the pair of clamps, and
brings an outer circumferential edge of the blade member into contact with a surface of the optical fiber to scratch the surface of the optical fiber; and

a pressing that press-bends a scratched portion of the optical fiber to cut the optical fiber,
whereinthe blade member is rotatable around the blade shaft that is fixed to the blade member moving base to change a position of the outer circumferential edge to be in contact with the optical fiber,
the base further includes a rotating member that rotates about an axis, the axis is fixed with respect to the base, and the blade shaft is movable with respect to the axis,
the rotating member is engageable with the blade member,
the blade member is driven by a 360 degree rotation of the rotating member in a state where the rotating member is coupled to the blade member,
engagement between the blade member and the rotating member is releasable,
the rotating member includes an engaging portion that drives the blade member and a non-engaging portion that does not drive the blade member, and
the engaging portion and the non-engaging portion are arranged in a rotating direction of the rotating member.


US Pat. No. 11,065,777

SLICING MACHINE


1. An add-on device for a slicing machine for inserting a separation sheet in between food slices comprising:(a) a container containing a sheet tray,
(b) a pack of separation sheets positioned on said sheet tray, and
(c) a mechanic/electro-mechanic mechanism for pushing said sheet tray upwards for loading and for preparing the pack of separation sheets for insertion in between said food slices, and
(d) a three-position lever, said three-position lever comprising a left wing, a right wing and a lever actuator, said lever actuator rotating clockwise and counterclockwise across its longitudinal axis in an alternating manner,
wherein said pack of separation sheets comprises at least two types of separation sheets, a separation sheet of a first type and a separation sheet of a second type, each having a cut-out portion at a different location to allow contacting a second in-line sheet through a top sheet, said separation sheets being organized in said container in an alternating manner wherein a separation sheet of the first type is above a separation sheet of the second type or vice versa.

US Pat. No. 11,065,776

FINISHED PRODUCTS FORMED FROM CUTTING CONVOLUTELY WOUND LOGS OF WEB MATERIALS


1. An array of finished products, each finished product in said array having a Percent Compressibility of greater than 3.00%, an actual length ranging from about 10.955 inches to about 11.045 inches, a target length, H, of 11.00 inches, and a length relative error of less than 0.81% of the target length, H, wherein the finished products are paper towels, wherein the actual length is different for at least two finished products of the array, wherein at least one of the finished products of the array of finished products comprises a protruding core and wherein at least one of the finished products comprises a hidden core, and wherein each of the finished products are in a package.

US Pat. No. 11,065,775

SYSTEM AND METHOD OF POST-CURE PROCESSING OF COMPOSITE CORE

TEXTRON INNOVATIONS INC.,...


1. A method of cutting a wafer of composite core from a bulk composite core, the method comprising the steps of:supporting the bulk composite core, the bulk composite core having a plurality of tube members; and
cutting through certain tube members from within each tube member with a circular saw by first cutting an interior tube member, then cutting within other tube members sequentially along a cutting path;
wherein the cutting path is a spiral cutting path that progresses from an interior tube member to an exterior tube member while skipping certain prescribed cell members.

US Pat. No. 11,065,774

SLICING GUIDE APPARATUS


1. A slicing guide apparatus for reducing perishable foods into small, bite-sized pieces, the apparatus comprising:a hollow cylindrical frame defining an open top end having a top circular rim, and an open bottom end having a bottom circular rim, wherein the open bottom circular rim permits the frame to set upon a cutting board and thereby provides a surface on which to slice food,
a first plurality of pair of elongated, vertical slots that are open to the bottom circular rim and extend to a position below the top end of the frame,
a second plurality of pair of elongated, vertical slots that are perpendicular in orientation to the first plurality of pair of elongated, vertical slots and that are open to the bottom circular rim and extend to a position below the top end of the frame, wherein the width of the first plurality of pair of elongated, vertical slots and of the second plurality of pair of elongated, vertical slots permits a cutting utensil to move and pass there through, thereby slicing the perishable food item located within the interior of the frame;
at least one elongated, vertical rib that protrudes outward from the exterior of the frame and that extends from the bottom end of the frame to a position below the top end of the frame; and
indicia affixed to the top circular rim, for grouping pairs of slots and providing guidance to a user about the proper knife alignment within the apparatus, the indicia being reference characters, numbers, letters or colors.

US Pat. No. 11,065,773

SHAVING DEVICE

Ruairidh Robertson, Sand...


1. A shaving device comprising: a head assembly comprising:a support member comprising a first magnet configured to generate a repulsive magnetic force with a second magnet of a handle to urge said head assembly to said handle; and
a blade cartridge configured to be pivotably coupled to said support member about a pivot axis, said blade cartridge having a first and a second face wherein at least one of said first or second faces comprises at least one razor blade;
wherein said first magnet has a first surface and a second, opposite surface, said first surface of said first magnet having one of either a positive or a negative polarity and said second surface of said first magnet having the other one of said positive or said negative polarity, wherein said first surface of said first magnet is configured to be disposed closer to a first surface of said second magnet of said handle than said second surface of said first magnet and to generate said repulsive magnetic force with said second magnet of said handle to urge said head assembly to said handle, said first surface of said first magnet having a polarity that is opposite of said polarity of said first surface of said second magnet;
and when said support member is coupled to said handle, said second surface of said first magnet, and a second surface of said second magnet are further apart than any other two surface combination chosen from: said first surface of said first magnet, said first surface of said second magnet, said second surface of said first magnet and said second surface of said second magnet.

US Pat. No. 11,065,772

FUNCTIONAL ASSEMBLY FOR AN INDUSTRIAL MACHINE, IN PARTICULAR FOR A ROBOT, INCLUDING AN OPERATIVE UNIT EQUIPPED WITH A SAFETY COVER

Coman S.p.A., Grugliasco...


1. A functional assembly for use by an industrial robot having a robot wrist, said functional assembly comprising:a support frame, provided with a flange for attaching to the robot wrist;
an operative unit end effector supported by said support frame;
a safety cover for said operative unit, which defines a containment volume;
wherein said functional assembly includes a first operative configuration, wherein said safety cover circumferentially surrounds and covers said operative unit about a main direction and is positioned within the safety cover containment volume and a second operative configuration, wherein said operative unit is positioned at least partially outside the safety cover containment volume and not circumferentially covered by the safety cover;
wherein said safety cover has a fixed portion and a portion movable along the main direction with respect to the fixed portion, said movable portion of the safety cover being movable between a lowered position, wherein it circumferentially surrounds and covers said operative unit about the main direction, and a raised position, wherein said operative unit is at least partially uncovered by the movable portion;
and wherein:
the fixed portion of the safety cover is rigidly connected to said support frame which supports the operative unit;
the movable portion of the safety cover is arranged circumferentially coaxially outside the fixed portion and is movably mounted on said support frame;
both the fixed portion and the movable portion of said safety cover are provided with a collaborative outer structure, equipped with at least one of proximity sensors or contact sensors, operable to detect a foreign body adjacent to the safety cover.

US Pat. No. 11,065,771

ELECTROADHESIVE DEVICE, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GRIPPING


1. A device for both converting between electrical energy and mechanical energy and for providing electrostatic adhesion, comprising:a soft dielectric polymeric support having an upper surface and a bottom surface;
a first set of adjacent electrodes operatively disposed on the upper surface of a first active area of the polymeric support;
a second set of adjacent electrodes operatively disposed on the bottom surface of the first active area of the polymeric support;
a first circuitry configured to provide a first voltage between electrodes that are adjacent to each other within the first set and electrodes that are adjacent to each other within the second set of electrodes, and configured to provide a second voltage between an electrode of the first set and an electrode of the second set that overlap with each other; and
a first deformable insulating layer covering the first set of electrodes and a second deformable insulating layer covering the second set of electrodes,
wherein the first set of electrodes and the second set of electrodes are overlapped along a first axis.

US Pat. No. 11,065,770

OPERATING DEVICE FOR A MANIPULATOR

KUKA Deutschland GmbH, A...


1. A method for using an operating device (10) for controlling or programming a manipulator (20) having a plurality of degrees of freedom which are independent from one another, the operating device having:a hand control lever (13), which is set up to provide a first input to specify at least one two-dimensional movement of the manipulator (20);
an information indicator (14) set up to visually signal manipulator information to an operator of the operating device (10), wherein the information indicator (14) comprises a plurality of indicator segments which are able to be actuated independently from one another and wherein the indicator segments at least partially surround the hand control lever (13);
an input ring (30) around the hand control lever (13) and which is able to be rotatably actuated by the operator in order to capture a second input from said operator, the input ring (30) being laterally accessible to said operator to be rotated around the hand control lever by said operator to provide said second input; and
a control device which is set up to individually actuate the indicator segments of the information indicator (14) to signal the manipulator information,

the method comprising:the operator controlling the current angle of the axis of the manipulator (20) by operating the hand control lever (13);
actuating the indicator segments of the information indicator (14) to visually signal the manipulator information to the operator of the operating device (10);

wherein:the manipulator information describes a current angle of an axis of the manipulator (20) and a limit angle of said axis; and
the indicator segments are actuated so that the current angle of the axis and an admissible and inadmissible angle range of the axis are signaled to the operator.

US Pat. No. 11,065,769

ROBOT, METHOD FOR OPERATING THE SAME, AND SERVER CONNECTED THERETO

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...


1. A method of operating a robot, the method comprising:receiving image data from a video call counterpart robot, the image data including information of a video call counterpart that uses the video call counterpart robot;
detecting movement of the video call counterpart based on the received image data;
removing, from the detected movement of the video call counterpart, information corresponding to movement of a user; and
determining motion of the robot corresponding to the detected movement of the video call counterpart having the removed information corresponding to movement of the user.

US Pat. No. 11,065,768

AUTOMATIC CALIBRATION FOR CAMERA-ROBOT SYSTEM WITH TOOL OFFSETS

TE Connectivity Services ...


1. A method for automatically calibrating a camera-robot system having tool offsets, comprising:creating an array having a plurality of measuring points for collecting observations in a robot workspace and a predetermined region of a camera;
positioning a calibration target at a defined location;
moving, by a robot, the calibration target from the defined location to a first measuring point, the first measuring point corresponding to first robot coordinates of a default tool center point in a robot base coordinate system;
capturing, by a camera, an image of the calibration target and identifying a location of the calibration target at the first measuring point, the location at the first measuring point corresponding to first camera coordinates;
saving the first robot coordinates and the first camera coordinates of the calibration target in a memory;
moving, by the robot, the calibration target from the first measuring point to the second measuring point, the second measuring point corresponding to second robot coordinates of the default tool center point in the robot base coordinate system;
capturing, by the camera, an image of the calibration target and identifying a location of the calibration target at the second measuring point, the location at the second measuring point corresponding to second camera coordinates;
saving the second robot coordinates and the second camera coordinates of the calibration target in the memory;
repeating moving, by the robot, the calibration target to each of the remaining measuring points of the plurality of measuring points, capturing the image of the calibration target at each remaining measuring point and identifying a location of the calibration target corresponding to each remaining measuring point, and saving corresponding robot coordinates and camera coordinates in the memory;
calculating camera-robot calibration values and the tool offsets according to the following equation:Poly(Cx,Cy)=[Rx;Ry]+Rot(Ru)*[Tx,Ty], wherein;
Cx, Cy=camera pixel location along camera x, and y axes;
Rx, Ry=robot X and Y coordinates in the default tool;
Ru=robot yaw (u) in degrees;
Tx, Ty=unknown tool point offset with respect to a centerline of a Z axis of the robot;
Poly=a polynomial fit of desired order; and
Rot(Ru) represents a rotation matrix around the Z axis for a given angle Ru;

setting the calculated tool offsets; and
saving the camera-robot calibration values in the memory.

US Pat. No. 11,065,767

OBJECT MANIPULATION APPARATUS AND OBJECT MANIPULATION METHOD FOR AUTOMATIC MACHINE THAT PICKS UP AND MANIPULATES AN OBJECT

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...


1. An object manipulation apparatus comprising:at least one sensor;
at least one pickup device for picking up and manipulating at least one target object;
processing circuitry configured as an object recognizer that recognizes a position and an attitude of the target object based on data measured by the sensor;
the processing circuitry further configured as a distance calculator that calculates a distance from the target object to a certain object which is other than the object manipulation apparatus and the target object; and
the processing circuitry further configured as a manipulation controller that controls the at least one pickup device based on the position and the attitude of the target object, and based on the distance from the target object to the certain object, and the manipulation controller determines a threshold based on at least one of a weight and a speed of the at least one pickup device,
wherein, when there are a plurality of target objects from which the target object is to be selected by the object manipulation apparatus, the manipulation controller selects, as the target object, one of the plurality of target objects having a distance to the certain object longer than the threshold, and manipulates the selected target object using the at least one pickup device.

US Pat. No. 11,065,766

METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM FOR CORRECTING ERRORS IN A MANIPULATOR SYSTEM

KUKA Deutschland GmbH, A...


1. A method for correcting errors in a manipulator system, wherein the manipulator system comprises at least one manipulator and is controlled by means of at least one manipulator program, and wherein the method comprises:providing at least one manipulator program, wherein the manipulator program comprises a plurality of operations;
combining at least two of the operations of the plurality of operations to form at least one operation structure;
defining at least one rerun point wherein the at least one rerun point forms the beginning and/or the end of an associated operation structure of said at least one operation structure;
for the at least one rerun point, providing at least one reaction structure and assigning the at least one reaction structure to the associated operation structure, wherein the at least one reaction structure includes reaction operations, upon the execution of which the manipulator program controls the manipulator system such that the manipulator system is guided into a system state corresponding to said rerun point;
executing the manipulator program;
when a first type of error occurs at a given point, executing a reaction structure of the at least one reaction structure, such that the manipulator system is converted into a system state corresponding to the rerun point for which said executed reaction structure was provided; and
when a second type of error, different from the first type or error, occurs at the same given point, executing different reaction operations of said executed reaction structure.

US Pat. No. 11,065,764

METHOD OF GENERATING ROBOT OPERATION COMMAND AND ROBOT OPERATION COMMAND GENERATION DEVICE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA YASKAWA ...


1. A method of generating a robot operation command, the method comprising:extracting, with at least one processor operating with a memory device in a computer, a work command from an overall work flow;
extracting, from a command definition database, a command definition corresponding to the extracted work command with the at least one processor operating with the memory device in the computer;
generating, by referring to the read work command, a set of unit jobs which are arranged in order, based on the extracted command definition with the at least one processor operating with the memory device in the computer;
generating a connecting job for causing a robot to be moved from an end position of a previous unit job of two consecutive unit jobs in the set of unit jobs to a start position of a subsequent unit job of the two consecutive unit jobs with the at least one processor operating with the memory device in the computer;
generating, with the at least one processor operating with the memory device in the computer, a robot operation command in which the previous unit job, the connecting job and the subsequent unit job are continuous;
generating, with the at least one processor operating with the memory device in the computer, state information representing at least states of a work device and the robot at a start time point and an end time point of the work command, the state information including at least one of whether or not a lid of a microtube is open, what is contained in the microtubes and an amount thereof, where the microtube is stored in a rack or whether the microtube is stored or not in a given position of the rack, and what equipment is held, or not held, in a hand of the robot;
storing, with the at least one processor operating with the memory device in the computer, the generated connecting job; and
using, with the at least one processor operating with the memory device in the computer, a stored already generated connecting job when, for consecutive work commands, state information at an end time point of a previous work command and at a start time point of a next work command is the same as state information for the stored already generated connecting job; and
controlling a robot based on the robot operation command.

US Pat. No. 11,065,763

CLAMP INSTALLATION APPARATUS, CLAMP INSTALLATION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF INSTALLING A CLAMP

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...


1. A clamp installation apparatus comprising:a robot arm pedestal having a rotary table;
a robot arm installed on the rotary table of the robot arm pedestal and having a plurality of arms and a plurality of joints;
a robot hand installed to the most distal arm of the plurality of arms; and
a control device,
wherein the robot hand comprises:
a clamp holding section configured to hold a clamp;
a fastening section configured to fasten an engaging section of the clamp to give a clamp force to a work; and
a measuring section configured to collect position data of a predetermined member of the clamp,
wherein the control device:
controls the clamp holding section to hold the clamp;
controls the rotary table, the plurality of joints of the robot arm and the robot hand such that the clamp is conveyed to a first predetermined position of a work pedestal on which the work has been placed in a condition that the clamp is held, and that an engaging section of the clamp is coupled to an connection section of the work pedestal; and
controls the fastening section so that the clamp force is calculated based on the position data acquired from the measuring section in a condition that the clamp and the work pedestal are connected to each other, and the calculated clamp force become a predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 11,065,762

ROBOT WORK SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING ROBOT WORK SYSTEM

Hitachi, Ltd., Tokyo (JP...


1. A robot work system in which a robot performs work on a work target transported by a transport machine, comprising:an information processing apparatus that includes a processor and a storage device,
wherein the information processing apparatus comprisesa recognition processing unit that obtains a plurality of combinations of a position of a work target candidate and a transport machine optimum control parameter which is a control parameter of the transport machine that maximizes performance of the work on a work target when the work target candidate is set as the work target, based on a captured image obtained by capturing an area including a plurality of the work target candidates transported by the transport machine,
a work target determination unit that determines a work target from among the work target candidates based on the combinations,
a transport machine control unit that controls the transport machine based on the transport machine optimum control parameter of the determined work target, and
a robot control plan generation unit that generates a control plan of the robot based on a position of the determined work target and the transport machine optimum control parameter of the work target, and

the recognition processing unit, the work target determination unit, the transport machine control unit, and the robot control plan generation unit are realized by reading out and executing a program stored in the storage device by the processor;
wherein the recognition processing unit is realized by a learning model generated by machine learning of learning data with the captured image which is acquired by capturing the area including the plurality of work target candidates, as an input and a combination of the position of the work target candidate and the performance when the control parameter of the transport machine is fixed, as an output; and
wherein the recognition processing unit is realized by a plurality of the learning models prepared for each discrete value of the control parameter of the transport machine.

US Pat. No. 11,065,761

ROBOTIC PICKING TRAINING TECHNIQUE

Dematic Corp., Grand Rap...


1. A method of training and controlling a robot to pick a plurality of articles, the method comprising:determining, with a sensor, an identity of an article from the plurality of articles;
receiving, with a processor, a plurality of weight sensor readings for the article;
using the received weight sensor readings to determine, with the processor, if the article has a uniform distribution of weight, wherein a uniform distribution of weight includes a location of a three dimensional (3D) center of gravity substantially in the center of the article; and
responsive to the article having a uniform distribution of weight:
creating, with the processor, at least one model of the article; and
storing, with the processor, at least a location of the at least one model or the at least one model in a database record based at least in part on the identity of the article; and
responsive to the article not having a uniform distribution of weight:
creating, with the processor, at least one model of the article;
determining, with the processor, the location of the 3D center of gravity of the article; and
storing, with the processor, at least the 3D center of gravity and a location of the at least one model or the at least one model in a database record based at least in part on the identity of the article;
determining a picking location of the article based at least in part on the at least one model in the database record; and
controlling a robotic manipulator to pick the article based on the determined picking location.

US Pat. No. 11,065,760

MULTIAXIAL ROBOT WITH COVER

Inventec Appliances (Pudo...


1. A multiaxial robot, comprising:a first rotation module comprising:a base; and
a plurality of arms configured to rotate parallel to a first plane relative to the base;

a second rotation module comprising at least one wrist, the wrist being connected to the farthest arm arranged from the base in the first rotation module and configured to rotate parallel to a second plane relative to the first rotation module; and
an elevator member pivotally connected to the base and connected to an adjacent one of the arms, the elevator member being configured to elevate components of the multiaxial robot arranged after the elevator member relative to the base in an elevating direction, wherein the elevator member comprises a cover, and a surrounding portion of the adjacent one of the arms surrounds the cover,
wherein the surrounding portion of the adjacent one of the arms is slidably connected to a first engaging portion of the elevator member via a second engaging portion of the adjacent one of the arms;
wherein the first engaging portion of the elevator member is disposed externally relative to the surrounding portion of the adjacent one of the arms.

US Pat. No. 11,065,759

ARTICULATED ARM APPARATUS

VANRX PHARMASYSTEMS INC.,...


1. A hermetically sealed multi-axis articulated arm apparatus for use within a sealable isolator chamber configured to maintain an aseptic condition, the apparatus comprising:a shaft having a rotational axis, wherein the shaft passes through an opening in the sealable isolator chamber and is configured to rotate around the axis, the shaft raising a shaft joint, the shaft joint having an outer housing portion, a middle shaft portion, and an inner spindle portion, the inner spindle portion configured to rotate;
a sealing member, including:an exposed cleanable radial seal disposed and extending radially between the outer housing portion and the middle shaft portion,
a mounting surface configured for mounting the sealing member on and hermetically sealing it to an inner surface of the sealable isolator chamber, wherein the mounting surface and the inner surface continuously surround the opening in the sealable isolator chamber to maintain a hermetically sealed condition with the outer housing portion,

a plurality of interconnected hermetically sealed arm segments, wherein one of the plurality of arm segments is a terminal arm segment, and one of the plurality of arm segments is a first arm segment operably attached to the shaft;
an end effector attached to the terminal arm segment constructed and adapted to perform aseptic pharmaceutical container handling applications within the isolator chamber; and
at least one drive system for driving and controlling the shaft and the plurality of arm segments, with the drive system being fully enclosed within the articulated arm apparatus.

US Pat. No. 11,065,758

WRENCH CASE

Milwaukee Electric Tool C...


1. A wrench case for a set of combination wrenches, where each wrench in the set of combination wrenches includes an open end, a closed end, and an elongate handle extending between the open end and the closed end, the wrench case comprising:a handle;
a post that receives the open end of each wrench;
a body including a front side and a back side opposite the front side, the front side supports the elongate handle of each wrench;
a plurality of tabs spaced apart along the front side of the body, the plurality of tabs define gaps between adjacent tabs that receive each wrench;
a door pivotally coupled to the body, the door pivotable relative to the body between a closed position and an open position, wherein the door is adjacent the front side of the body to maintain each wrench against the body in the closed position, and wherein each wrench is allowed to be removed from the body in the open position; and
a first latch extending away from the front side of the body and a second latch extending away from the back side of the body, both the first and second latches are capable of coupling the door to the body.

US Pat. No. 11,065,757

HYBRID SINGLE AND DOUBLE WALL CASE

Custom-Pak, Inc., Clinto...


1. A hybrid double and single wall case comprising:a first body section and a second body section, each having a base wall and a peripheral side wall, said peripheral side walls each defining an edge wherein said first body section is a single molded piece and said second body section is another single molded piece;
said first and second body sections pivotally connected with respect to each other and adapted to pivot between an open position and a closed position;
a portion of the first body section being configured as a double wall structure;
a portion of the first body section being configured as a single wall structure;
a portion of the second body section being configured as a double wall structure; and
a portion of the second body section being configured as a single wall structure; wherein said first body section comprises:
said peripheral side wall having an edge section adjacent to said edge, said edge section configured as a double wall structure; and
a section of said peripheral side wall, adjacent to said edge section and between said edge section and said base wall, configured as a single wall structure.

US Pat. No. 11,065,756

TOOL BAG CARRYING ASSEMBLY


1. A tool bag carrying assembly comprising:a tool bag;
a clip comprising:
a first frame configured to carry the tool bag, the first frame comprising a pair of sloped arms and a support bar defining a triangular shape;
a second frame pivotably connected to the first frame; wherein
the tool bag carrying assembly is configured to pivotably adopt a clamping position in which the first and second frames are pivoted towards one another and configured to sandwich a structure therebetween, with the second frame arranged on one side of the structure and the first frame and the tool bag arranged on an opposite, second side of the structure and further wherein the tool bag carrying assembly is configured to proximally mount to a user.

US Pat. No. 11,065,755

FOOT-OPERATED BICYCLE WORK STAND


1. A foot-operated bicycle work stand comprising:a frame including a fixed post, a lifting rod, and at least one leg, wherein the fixed post includes a top end and a bottom end opposite to the top end, wherein the lifting rod is slidably mounted in the fixed post and is adjacent to the top end of the fixed post, and wherein the at least one leg is connected to the fixed post and is adjacent to the bottom end of the fixed post when in a folded state; and
a lifting device including a pneumatic rod, a pedal, and a control cable, wherein the pneumatic rod includes a first end received in the fixed post and a second end connected to the lifting rod, wherein the pneumatic rod is configured to control the lifting rod to move relative to the fixed post, and wherein the control cable includes a first end connected to the pneumatic rod and a second end connected to the pedal.

US Pat. No. 11,065,754

ELECTRIC POWER TOOL CONFIGURED TO OPERATE IN A NORMAL MODE WITH A SPECIFIC STAGE, AND IN A MEASUREMENT MODE WITH A COMMON STAGE

MAKITA CORPORATION, Anjo...


1. An electric power tool comprising:a motor; and
a controller configured to control the motor, wherein:
the controller is configured to alternatively operate in at least a normal mode and a measurement mode;
the normal mode is an operation mode that (1) controls the motor so that the electric power tool performs the electric power tool's intended function and (2) includes normal mode stages having different control conditions related to the motor;
the different control conditions include that the normal mode stages each have a different predetermined target motor rotation speed with respect to other stages of the normal mode stages, such that the target motor rotation speeds have a stepped relationship;
the measurement mode (1) is an operation mode that is employed to measure an output of the electric power tool and (2) includes a first stage having control conditions same as those for a specific stage among the normal mode stages;
the first stage of the measurement mode starts more quickly than the specific stage of the normal mode when the electric power tool is activated; and
the normal mode stages include stages other than the specific stage.

US Pat. No. 11,065,753

LOAD-BASED CONTROL OF BREAKER MACHINE

ATLAS COPCO AIRPOWER, NAA...


1. A breaker machine comprising:a power source,
a tool holder configured to receive a tool,
a power driven striking mechanism configured to strike a tip of the tool with a striking frequency on a hard surface,
control circuitry configured to control an output from the power source, and
a load detector configured to detect the load of the power source and transmit information relating to the detected load of the power source to the control circuitry,
wherein the control circuitry is configured to receive the information relating to the load of the power source,
wherein the control circuitry is further configured to select a striking frequency based on the information relating to the load of the power source and to apply the selected striking frequency by ramping a current striking frequency to the selected striking frequency based on a predetermined ramping scheme by controlling the output from the power source,
wherein the predetermined ramping scheme comprises at least two different ramping rates when ramping the current striking frequency to the selected striking frequency,
wherein the control circuitry is further configured to provide an idling striking frequency below 10 Hz.

US Pat. No. 11,065,752

STAPLE GUN

APEX MFG. CO., LTD., Tai...


1. A staple gun, including:a main body, including a bottom side, and an abutting portion, a staple outlet and a notch which are disposed on the bottom side;
a staple magazine, being withdrawably received within the main body; and
a lock mechanism, including a pressed member disposed on the staple magazine, the pressed member having a restricting portion which is movable between a restricting position and a releasing position;
wherein when the restricting portion is in the restricting position, the pressed member is located within the notch, the restricting portion is blocked with the abutting portion and the staple magazine is non-withdrawable from the main body;
wherein when the pressed member is pressed and moved toward an interior of the main body and the restricting portion is in the releasing position, the restricting portion is unlocked from the abutting portion and the staple magazine is withdrawable from the main body; and
wherein the bottom side includes an outermost bottom wall having the staple outlet disposed therethrough, the notch includes a first opening side open in a direction away from the staple outlet and a second opening side open on the outermost bottom wall, staples exit the main body through the staple outlet in a staple direction, and the pressed member is partially exposed from the second opening side and is pressable through the second opening side to move in a direction opposite to the staple direction.

US Pat. No. 11,065,751

LABOR-SAVING STAPLER

APEX MFG. CO., LTD., Tai...


1. A labor-saving stapler, including:a housing, having a nail outlet;
a striker, disposed within the housing and movable between a preset position distant from the nail outlet and a nailing position near the nail outlet;
an energy-accumulating mechanism, including a connection portion connected to the housing and a connection end cooperating with the striker, being deformable to be in an energy-accumulating state or a releasing state;
an operable mechanism, movably connected to the housing and having a depression portion abutable against the energy-accumulating mechanism between the connection portion and the connection end; and
a limitation mechanism, connected to the housing, the striker being positionably restricted by the limitation mechanism;
wherein when the striker is in the preset position and positionably restricted by the limitation mechanism, the energy-accumulating mechanism is depressible by the depression portion of the operable mechanism to be in the energy-accumulating state, and when the striker is free of restriction by the limitation mechanism, the energy-accumulating mechanism actuates the striker to move toward the nailing position;
wherein the depression portion and the energy-accumulating mechanism are cooperatively movable up and down relative to the housing, and the depression portion is always located above the energy-accumulating mechanism and movable to press the energy-accumulating mechanism downward;
wherein the striker is retained in the preset position when the energy-accumulating mechanism is depressed downward by the operable mechanism;
wherein when the striker is positionably restricted by the limitation mechanism and during the energy-accumulating mechanism accumulates energy to be in the energy-accumulating state, the depression portion moves down and depresses the energy-accumulating mechanism downward, and the striker and the connection end is retained in the preset position distant from the nail outlet until the striker is free of restriction by the limitation mechanism;
wherein the operable mechanism includes a lever which is pivoted to the housing and a connection rod which is pivoted to the housing and depressed by the lever, and the connection rod is provided with the depression portion;
wherein the energy-accumulating mechanism includes an elongate through slot, the connection rod is disposed through the elongate through slot and abuts against the energy-accumulating mechanism via the depression portion, the connection rod is further provided with a bearing portion which is depressed by the lever, and the bearing portion and the depression portion are located on a same side and between the energy-accumulating mechanism and the lever.

US Pat. No. 11,065,750

FOR A GAS-POWERED FIXING TOOL

Illinois Tool Works Inc.,...


1. A precombustion chamber for a gas-powered fixing tool, the precombustion chamber comprising: a casing defining an outlet and a combustion cavity having an elongate form and having a longitudinal axis X configured to be transverse to a direction of movement of a piston of the gas-powered fixing tool, the combustion cavity having a variable cross section along the longitudinal axis X, wherein a first portion of the casing defines a first portion of the combustion cavity having a first cross section along the longitudinal axis X, wherein a second portion of the casing defines a second portion of the combustion cavity having a second cross section along the longitudinal axis X that is greater than the first cross section, the first portion of the casing defining an opening configured to receive an ignition mechanism, and wherein the second portion of the casing defines the outlet such that the outlet is configured to be adjacent to a combustion chamber of the gas-powered fixing tool.

US Pat. No. 11,065,749

POWERED FASTENER DRIVER

TTI (MACAO COMMERCIAL OFF...


1. A pneumatic fastener driver operable in a single sequential mode and a bump-fire mode, the pneumatic fastener driver comprising:a housing;
a nosepiece extending from the housing from which fasteners are ejected;
a trigger moveable between a default position, in which a drive cycle is inhibited from initiating, and a depressed position, in which the drive cycle is permitted to be initiated;
a contact arm movable relative to the nosepiece between an extended position and a retracted position; and
a timeout mechanism operable in the bump-fire mode to inhibit the drive cycle from being initiated in response to inactivity of the contact arm over a preset time interval that begins once the trigger is actuated from the default position to the depressed position.

US Pat. No. 11,065,748

SAFETY MEMBER AND MUZZLE OF NAIL GUN HAVING THE SAME

Basso Industry Corp., Ta...


1. A muzzle of a nail gun, the nail gun being operable to actuate a nail striking pin of the nail gun to switch to a nail striking state to strike a nail, said muzzle comprising:a plate member;
a barrel member cooperating with a bottom surface of said plate member to define a nail passage which is adapted for passage of the nail; and
a safety member including a slider that is disposed between said plate member and said barrel member and that is slidable in a nail striking direction of the nail, said slider having a flat surface facing said bottom surface of said plate member, and a platform protruding from said flat surface toward said bottom surface of said plate member;
wherein said platform and said plate member cooperatively define a nail ejection opening therebetween; and
wherein said slider of said safety member further has an abutment end that extends from said platform and that extends beyond said nail ejection opening for contact with an object to be fastened.

US Pat. No. 11,065,747

DRIVE-IN TOOL WITH IMPROVED SAFETY DEVICE

Illinois Tool Works Inc.,...


1. A drive-in tool comprising:an actuator unit configured to drive fasteners into a workpiece in drive-in cycles;
a trip arrangement trippable to cause the drive-in cycles of the actuator unit, the trip arrangement including a manually operable trigger element having an idle state and a pressed state, and a workpiece contact element actuatable by engagement with the workpiece;
a gas pressure source connection to which a gas pressure source is connectable; and
a safety device including:a control volume;
a standby element arranged between the gas pressure source connection and the control volume, movable between a standby position and a safety position, wherein the position of the standby element is controlled by a pressure difference between a first gas pressure acting on a first surface region of the standby element and a second gas pressure acting on a second surface region of the standby element; and
an activation element changeable to a first position and to a second position by the trigger element,

wherein the safety device is coupled with the manually operable trigger element and configured to cause a transfer of the drive-in tool from a trip-ready state into a secured state when a gas pressure in the control volume falls below a gas pressure threshold,
wherein when the activation element is in the first position:a pneumatic charging connection is defined between the control volume and the gas pressure source connection,
a pneumatic discharging connection is disconnected between the control volume and a pressure sink, and
the first surface region and the second surface region of the standby element are in the same pneumatic volume, and

wherein when the activation element is in the second position:the pneumatic discharging connection is defined between the control volume and the pressure sink,
the pneumatic charging connection is disconnected between the control volume and the gas pressure source connection,
the first surface region and the second surface region of the standby element are in different pneumatic volumes, and
the safety device is configured to cause the standby element to switch from the standby position to the safety position when the gas pressure in the control volume falls below the gas pressure threshold, thereby causing the transfer of the drive-in tool from the trip-ready state into the secured state.


US Pat. No. 11,065,745

FASTENER CARTRIDGE

Zimmer Biomet CMF and Tho...


1. A fastener cartridge system, comprising:a fastener housing extending from a proximal end to a distal end defining an outlet, the fastener housing defining a fastener chamber configured to receive a plurality of fasteners that are arranged along and collinear with a longitudinal axis of the fastener chamber, wherein the fastener housing includes a plurality of non-flexible tabs and a plurality of resiliently flexible tabs that allow the plurality of fasteners to move axially in a first direction and restrict movement of the fasteners in a second direction opposite the first direction.

US Pat. No. 11,065,744

TOOL BIT HOLDER

Milwaukee Electric Tool C...


1. A tool bit holder comprising:an inner sleeve in which a longitudinal bore is defined in which a tool bit is receivable;
a shank received in the longitudinal bore of the inner sleeve;
a first detent engageable with the tool bit for locking the tool bit within the longitudinal bore;
a second detent received in a circumferential groove of the shank;
an outer sleeve surrounding the inner sleeve and movable relative to the inner sleeve between a locking position, in which the first detent is engaged with the tool bit for locking the tool bit within the longitudinal bore, and a release position, in which the first detent may be disengaged from the tool bit to permit removal of the tool bit from the longitudinal bore, wherein the second detent is maintained in the circumferential groove in the locking position and the release position by the outer sleeve;
a spring positioned between the inner sleeve and the outer sleeve, wherein the spring biases the outer sleeve toward the locking position; and
a magnet retaining the tool bit within the longitudinal bore.

US Pat. No. 11,065,743

TOOL HOLDER DEVICE


1. A tool holder device comprising:a receptacle including a first conduit and a second conduit formed therein and perpendicular to each other and communicative with each other,
a spindle rotatably received and engaged in said first conduit of said receptacle with at least one bearing member, and said spindle including a first end portion, and including a second end portion engaged in said first conduit of said receptacle, and including a first bevel gear provided on said second end portion of said spindle and located close to said second conduit of said receptacle,
a shaft rotatably received and engaged in said second conduit of said receptacle with at least one bearing member, and including a second bevel gear provided thereon for engaging with said first bevel gear of said spindle and for allowing said shaft to be rotated relative to said receptacle by said spindle, said shaft including an engaging hole formed therein for selectively engaging with a tool member, said shaft including a tilted groove formed therein and communicative with said engaging hole of said shaft,
a spring biasing member including one end engaged with said tilted groove of said shaft,
a housing including an end portion secured to said receptacle, and including a bore formed in said housing for receiving and engaging with said spindle,
a flexible shank including a first end portion secured to said first end portion of said spindle and rotated in concert with said spindle, and including a second end portion extended out of said spindle and said receptacle,
a stem including a first end portion secured to said second end portion of said flexible shank and moved in concert with said flexible shank, said stem including a second end portion,
a flexible sheath engaged onto said flexible shank and including a first end portion secured to said receptacle, and including a second end portion, and
a control ferrule including an end portion secured to said second end portion of said flexible sheath, and said stem being rotatably received and engaged in said control ferrule,
wherein the first conduit includes a first inner bevel face which is slant relative to an axial about which the spindle rotates, and the first inner bevel face faces and is substantially parallel to a top bevel face of the first bevel gear which is slant relative to the axial about which the spindle rotates;
wherein the second conduit includes a second inner bevel face which is slant relative to an axial about which the shaft rotates, and the second inner bevel face faces and is substantially parallel to a top bevel face of the second bevel gear which is slant relative to the axial about which the shaft rotates;
wherein the housing further includes an outer flange, the outer flange is abutted axially against an distal end of the first conduit, and as viewed in an axial direction of the first conduit, the outer flange is aligned with the distal end of the first conduit;
wherein the flexible shank further includes at least two winding member layers sleeved with each other, and the at least two winding member layers obliquely wind counter to and slant to each other.

US Pat. No. 11,065,742

ROTATION AND REMOVAL TOOL FOR AIRLESS SPRAYER TIPS


1. A rotation and removal tool for airless sprayer tips comprising:an elongated body;
a tip receptacle;
the elongated body extending longitudinally between a first body end and a second body end, and vertically between a top end and a bottom end, wherein the longitudinal direction and the vertical direction define a longitudinal plane;
the tip receptacle traversing into the bottom end of the elongated body between the first body end and the second body end, wherein the tip receptacle is configured to receive a sprayer tip of an airless sprayer, wherein the sprayer tip comprises a barrel and a handle;
the tip receptacle extending longitudinally within the elongated body between the first body end and the second body end;
the tip receptacle comprising a barrel cavity portion, a handle cavity portion, a first cavity end, and a second cavity end, wherein the barrel cavity portion is configured to receive a barrel of an airless sprayer tip, and wherein the handle cavity portion is configured to receive a handle of an airless sprayer tip;
the handle cavity portion longitudinally traversing within the elongated body between the first cavity end and the second cavity end;
the barrel cavity portion traversing into the bottom end of the elongated body and intersecting with the handle cavity portion between the first cavity end and the second cavity end;
the handle cavity portion comprising an enclosed section and an open section;
the open section being positioned adjacent to the first cavity end; and
the enclosed section being positioned adjacent to the second cavity end, opposite the open section across the barrel cavity portion.

US Pat. No. 11,065,741

BRAKE BLEEDER WRENCH


1. A brake bleeder wrench comprising:a handle;
a socket carrying teeth extending about an outer periphery of said socket, said teeth positioned between an upper and a lower surface of said handle;
said teeth engaging a pawl carried by said handle;
said socket rotatably coupled to said handle;
said pawl selectively movable to select between rotating said socket in a counterclockwise direction and a clockwise direction;
said socket further comprising an internal recess that carries a resilient seal within said internal recess of said socket;
said socket comprising a fluid pathway between an underside of said socket, through said resilient seal, and through a topside of said socket and through a check valve carried by a hose downstream of said topside of said socket.

US Pat. No. 11,065,740

FIXED ADJUSTABLE WRENCH


1. A fixed adjustable wrench, comprising:a handle comprising a fixed jaw adjacent a shoulder having an upper side, the upper side having an adjustable jaw in sliding engagement therewith;
an internal face of the adjustable jaw and an internal face of the fixed jaw defining a gap therebetween, wherein the internal face of the adjustable jaw and the internal face of the fixed jaw are configured to cooperate to secure an object within the gap;
an engagement member comprising a first end having a first set of teeth configured to selectively interlock with a second set of teeth of the adjustable jaw;
a second end of the engagement member operably connected to a lever, the lever configured to selectively move between an engagement position and a disengagement position;
wherein the lever comprises a connection bar extending substantially perpendicular from an upper end of the lever;
wherein the connection bar is pivotally affixed to the handle at a first pivot and pivotally affixed to the second end of the engagement member at a second pivot disposed through a distal end of the connection bar;
a ring member in sliding engagement with a channel of the handle, the ring member selectively engageable with the lever to secure the lever in the engagement position or the disengagement position;
wherein the engagement position, a distance between the lever and the handle is minimized, and the engagement member is coupled to the adjustable jaw via the interlocking of the first set of teeth and the second set of teeth; and
wherein the disengagement position, the distance between the lever and the handle is maximized, and the engagement member is disengaged from the adjustable jaw allowing selective positioning of the adjustable jaw along the upper side.

US Pat. No. 11,065,739

VEHICLE COMPONENT PAINTING SYSTEM AND METHOD

MAGNA MIRRORS OF AMERICA,...


1. A method for retaining a vehicular component for painting, said method comprising:providing a vehicular component to be painted, wherein the vehicular component is configured for use on a vehicle;
providing a magnetic fixturing element, wherein the magnetic fixturing element comprises a magnetic element;
detachably attaching the magnetic fixturing element at the component that is to be painted;
providing a fixture;
positioning the component at the fixture such that the magnetic fixturing element engages a structure of the fixture to magnetically retain the component at the fixture;
wherein the component comprises orientation structure that engages corresponding structure at the fixture, and wherein positioning the component at the fixture comprises positioning the component at the fixture and engaging the orientation structure with the corresponding structure at the fixture so that the component is magnetically retained at a selected orientation relative to the fixture;
painting the component magnetically retained at the fixture; and
after the component that is magnetically retained at the fixture is painted, removing the magnetic fixturing element from the component and reusing the magnetic fixturing element on another vehicular component to be painted.

US Pat. No. 11,065,738

ELECTRICAL DEVICE ALIGNING TOOL AND METHOD OF USING SAME

NONCONDUCTIVE TOOL COMPAN...


1. An electrical device aligning tool comprising:a body member, wherein the body member is a linear and elongated panel comprising an end panel at each opposing longitudinal end of the body member and forming a longitudinally perpendicular angle with the body member; and
an intersecting member, wherein the intersecting member is a linear and elongated panel coupled to a top surface of the body member and positioned such that a length of the intersecting member longitudinally intersects the body member in a length-wise manner at an angle, the intersecting member comprising:
expanding and contracting mechanism, and
lateral members coupled to the expanding and contracting mechanism such that the lateral members move horizontally along a front surface of the intersecting member, with respect to a movement of the expanding and contracting mechanism, and wherein the lateral members move horizontally such that the lateral members move towards each other conforming a space between the lateral members to dimensions of an electrical device.

US Pat. No. 11,065,737

NEEDLE-NOSE PLIERS


1. Needle-nose pliers in which a scale for obtaining a jumper wire with a required length on a board provided with through holes at a fixed pitch in a matrix is provided on a straight pinching portion with a tapered shape in which a thickness decreases linearly and gradually toward a tip end,wherein the pinching portion is provided with the scale including:
pinching portion lateral width usage scale marks formed at respective positions where respective pinching portion lateral widths which are first integral multiples (except for “0”) of the pitch are obtained, the pinching portion lateral width usage scale marks being configured to transversely pinch an electric wire and to obtain a jumper wire with a length that is each of the pinching portion lateral widths; and
pinching portion longitudinal length usage scale marks formed at respective positions from a tip end, the respective positions corresponding to respective longitudinal lengths which are second integral multiples (except for “0”) not less than the first integral multiples (except for “0”) with respect to the pinching portion lateral widths corresponding to the pitch, the pinching portion longitudinal length usage scale marks being configured to pinch the electric wire from the tip end and to obtain a jumper wire with a length that is each of the longitudinal lengths.

US Pat. No. 11,065,736

TOTE TRAY

NAP TOOLS LIMITED, Exete...


1. A tote tray for storage of tools therein, the tote tray comprising:an open-top box for the storage of tools therein, the open-top box comprising a handle for a user to carry the open-top box;
a clamp connected to the open-top box, the clamp configured for releasably gripping a pipe at a first location along the open-top box; and
a silicone pad disposed, in use, on and directly connected to an upper surface of the open-top box and arranged such that a straight length of pipe gripped by the clamp is oriented to abut the silicone pad at a second location, along the upper surface of the open-top box, spaced from the clamp.

US Pat. No. 11,065,735

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF CARRIER FOR DOUBLE-SIDE POLISHING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF DOUBLE-SIDE POLISHING WAFER

SHIN-ETSU HANDOTAI CO., L...


1. A manufacturing method of a carrier for a double-side polishing apparatus, the double-side polishing apparatus including an upper turn table and a lower turn table to which polishing pads are attached, and the carrier including a carrier base material having a holding hole formed therein to hold a wafer, and an insert disposed along the inner circumference of the holding hole and having an inner circumferential portion configured to be in contact with an outer circumferential portion of the wafer, the method comprising:a preparation step of preparing the carrier base material and the insert thicker than the carrier base material;
a step of inserting the insert into the holding hole so as to protrude the insert from both sides of the front surface and the back surface of the carrier base material;
a measuring step to measure each of a front protruding amount of the insert protruded from the front surface of the carrier base material and a back protruding amount of the insert protruded from the back surface of the carrier base material;
a setting step to set each rotational speed of the upper turn table and the lower turn table in starting-up polishing of the carrier so as to decrease a difference between the front protruding amount and the back protruding amount; and
a starting-up polishing step to subject the carrier to starting-up polishing at each set rotational speed of the upper turn table and the lower turn table.

US Pat. No. 11,065,734

FILM THICKNESS MEASURING DEVICE AND POLISHING DEVICE

EBARA CORPORATION, Tokyo...


1. A polishing device comprising:a polishing table configured to rotate in a clockwise direction and in a counterclockwise direction;
a holding unit configured to rotate while holding a subject to be polished;
a trigger sensor comprising a first member disposed at the polishing table and a second member disposed outside the polishing table, the trigger sensor being configured to output a trigger signal indicating that the polishing table makes one revolution based on a positional relationship between the first member and the second member; and
a first film thickness measuring sensor disposed at the polishing table, the first film thickness measuring sensor configured to measure the film thickness of the subject to be polished at a timing based on the trigger signal output from the trigger sensor,
wherein the second member of the trigger sensor is disposed outside the polishing table in an opposite region that is 180 degrees ±30% (54 degrees) about a rotation axis of the polishing table from a rotation axis of the holding unit, and
wherein the first film thickness measuring sensor and the first member of the trigger sensor are disposed at the polishing table so that when the trigger signal is output from the trigger sensor, the first film thickness measuring sensor and first member are located in the opposite region and the first film thickness measuring sensor is not located under the holding unit.

US Pat. No. 11,065,733

METHODS AND TOOL FOR MAINTENANCE OF HARD SURFACES, AND A METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SUCH A TOOL

TWISTER CLEANING TECHNOLO...


1. A method for maintaining a hard, smooth floor surface, the method comprising:treating the hard, smooth floor surface with a flexible pad comprising an open, lofty, three dimensional non-woven web of fibers, in the presence of abrasive particles, bonded to the pad, on a contact surface between the pad and the hard, smooth floor surface,
wherein the abrasive particles comprise diamond particles of an average diameter of 3 to 6 ?m, and
wherein treating the hard, smooth floor surface is performed using said pad having:
abrasive particles bonded thereto only in a vicinity of the contact surface,
the fibers of the flexible pad are bonded to each other by a primary binder and/or via melt-bonding, and have the abrasive particles bonded thereto by a secondary binder,
the abrasive particles are present throughout the secondary binder,
a first portion of the flexible pad has the abrasive particles present in a first concentration, and a second portion of the flexible pad has the particles present in a second, lower concentration, and
said second concentration is zero, such that the second portion is free from the abrasive particles, and
wherein the flexible pad has a disc-shaped body having a thickness and a first surface, the abrasive particles being present on said first surface and down to a depth from said first surface, which depth is less than said thickness, such that said first portion is at said first surface and said second portion is at a second surface, opposite said first surface.

US Pat. No. 11,065,732

SETUP CHANGING METHOD AND MACHINING SYSTEM

Fanuc Corporation, Yaman...


1. A setup changing method for a machine tool including a tool spindle, a storage magazine which stores a tool which is exchangeably attachable to the tool spindle, and a machining jig having a gripping part which deforms in accordance with a shape of a clamped body of a master workpiece, the setup changing method comprising:mounting, onto the tool spindle, the master workpiece, wherein the clamped body of the master workpiece has the same shape as the shape of a clamped body of a workpiece to be machined;
deforming the gripping part by gripping, with a plurality of straight displaceable pins of the gripping part, the clamped body of the master workpiece while the master workpiece is mounted on the tool spindle;
removing the master workpiece from the tool spindle and storing the now removed master workpiece in the storage magazine; and
mounting the tool stored in the storage magazine onto the tool spindle, wherein
the workpiece to be machined, the clamped body of which is gripped by the gripping part that was deformed in accordance with the clamped body of the master workpiece, is machined with the tool.

US Pat. No. 11,065,731

CLAMPING DEVICE

EROWA AG, Reinach (CH)


1. A clamping device comprising a clamping chuck and a clamping element, which can be clamped thereto, wherein the clamping chuck has an elongated slot-shaped receiving opening, defining a longitudinal axis, for the clamping element and clamping members for clamping the clamping element in the receiving opening, characterized in that the clamping element is embodied in an elongated manner to be received through an elongated insertion area of the elongated receiving opening, and that at least one resiliently flexible centering element is configured and operable to align the clamping element in response to an insertion into the receiving opening at right angles to the longitudinal axis of the receiving opening, wherein the centering element is arranged on the clamping chuck in the insertion area of the receiving opening.

US Pat. No. 11,065,730

WORK PIECE MOUNTING SYSTEM


1. A work piece mounting system, for connecting two work elements together, the work piece mounting system which includes:a) a main body with horizontally radially oriented horizontal upper and lower jaw passageways for receiving therein upper and lower jaws respectively;
b) the radially oriented horizontal upper and lower jaw passageways, are adapted to receive the jaws slid-ably therein,
c) a vertical cavity extending vertically and centrally through the main body, along a z-axis, and is configured for receiving a grooved end of a lower fixation element upwardly therein and a grooved end of an upper fixation element downwardly therein, wherein the other threaded end of the fixation elements are configured for detachably rigidly connecting to a working element;
d) wherein the jaws include a grooved portion for engaging with a grooved end of the fixation elements which are configured such that the fixation elements are drawn into the main body upon engagement of the grooved portions with the grooved ends thereby tensioning the fixation elements between the main body and the work elements;
e) wherein the angular relationship between the upper jaw passageway and the lower jaw passageway in a horizontal plane x-y relationship is selected to be able to nest the passageways to minimize a thickness T of the main body for improved rigity and dimensional stability of the work piece mounting system.

US Pat. No. 11,065,729

INSERTION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR INSERTING A CIRCULAR BLANK RING INTO AN OUTER RING OF A CIRCULAR BLANK


1. An insertion device (34) for inserting a circular blank ring (30) into an outer ring (29) of a circular blank, the insertion device (34) comprising:a pusher (45), which is arranged coaxially with respect to an axis (A) and includes a pusher surface (47) configured to act upon the circular blank ring (30);
a pusher drive (46) configured to move the pusher (45) along the axis (A);
a centering body (61), which is arranged coaxially with respect to the axis (A) and has a free end that is assigned to the pusher surface (47);
a centering drive (62) configured to move the centering body (62) along the axis (A);
a controller (85) configured to generate control signals for activating the centering drive and the pusher drive,
wherein the controller is configured to activate the centering drive (62) so as to cause the centering body (61) to engage with an outer ring (29) arranged at an insertion point (E), and thereby align the outer ring coaxially with respect to the axis (A),
wherein the controller (85) is furthermore configured to activate the pusher drive (46) so as to move the circular blank ring (30) to the insertion point (E) as a result of being acted upon by the pusher surface (47), and to insert the circular blank ring (30) into the outer ring (29), which has been aligned coaxially with respect to the axis (A) by the centering body (61),
wherein the controller (85) is furthermore configured to activate the centering drive (62) and the pusher drive (46) in such a chronologically coordinated manner that the centering body (61) engages in the outer ring (29) before the pusher (45) brings the circular blank ring (30) in contact with the outer ring (29).

US Pat. No. 11,065,728

BASE POD ASSEMBLY FIXTURE AND METHOD

Amazon Technologies, Inc....


1. An assembly system for assembling a pod unit, the assembly system comprising:a fixture including:a base end;
a rail extending longitudinally from the base end;
a stretcher assembly including a pair of opposing upper and lower extendible arms, each one of the extendible arms having an extended position and a retracted position; and
a carriage adapted for carrying the stretcher assembly longitudinally on the rail; and

a bin array having a collapsed position and a longitudinally elongated position, the bin array including loops at corners thereof, and
a base frame and uprights extending from the base frame,
wherein the pair of opposing upper and lower extendible arms, in their extended position, are configured to engage openings in the bin array in the collapsed position such that movement of the stretcher assembly extends the bin array to the elongated position, thereby aligning the loops of the elongated bin array to receive the uprights therethrough.

US Pat. No. 11,065,727

SYSTEM FOR ASSEMBLING A CARTRIDGE FOR A SMOKING ARTICLE AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

RAI Strategic Holdings, I...


1. A system configured to assemble a plurality of cartridges for an aerosol delivery device, the system comprising:a plurality of assembly substations collectively configured to assemble a base and a plurality of additional components together, the base extending between an inner end configured to receive the additional components during assembly of the cartridges and an attachment end defining an internal surface configured to engage a control body during usage of the aerosol delivery device;
a track extending between the assembly substations; and
a carriage configured to engage the track and to cooperate therewith to move between the assembly substations, the carriage comprising an engagement head defining a plurality of sections configured to engage the internal surface of the attachment end of the base via an interference fit to provide the assembly substations with access to the inner end of the base to attach the additional components thereto.

US Pat. No. 11,065,726

SCREW-PRESENTING DEVICE

FOXCONN PRECISION ELECTRO...


1. A screw presenting device comprising:an aligning module comprising a track; wherein the track comprises two supporting plates, the two supporting plates are spaced apart; an end of two supporting plates defines a first chamfer, and the first chamfers on the two supporting plates are oppositely arranged; wherein the end of the two supporting plates are provided with the first chamfers forms a first receiving space, another end of the two supporting plates are away from the first chamfers forms a second receiving space, the first receiving space is connected to the second receiving space, and the first receiving space and the second receiving space cooperates to receive the screw; and
a dispensing module comprising a circular member; wherein the circular member receives the screw conveyed from the track; wherein the circular member comprises a first surface and a second surface, the first surface is opposite to the second surface, the first surface is disposed adjacent to the track, the circular member defines at least one notch, and the notch passes through the first surface, the second surface, and periphery of the circular member; wherein the first surface of the circular member defines a second chamfer, an end of the notch adjacent to the second chamfer forms a third receiving space, and another end of the notch away from the second chamfer forms a fourth receiving space, the third receiving space is connected to the fourth receiving space, and the third receiving space and the fourth receiving space cooperates to receive the screw; and
wherein the screw presenting device further comprises a screening module, the screening module comprises a brush and a fixing rod, the fixing rod is rotatably disposed above the track, and the fixing rod drives the brush to rotate above the track, to filter the screws on the track.

US Pat. No. 11,065,725

PIPELINE INTERNAL CENTERING DEVICE AND ASSOCIATED METHOD

VIETZ GMBH, Hannover (DE...


1. A pipeline internal centering device for centering a first pipe relative to a second pipe, comprising:(a) a centering unit for aligning the second pipe relative to the first pipe,
(b) a transport device for moving the pipeline internal centering device along a longitudinal axis of the pipeline internal centering device,
(c) a rotary device for rotating the pipeline internal centering device about its longitudinal axis, and
d) clamping elements which are moveable radially outwards by the centering unit to be braced against an interior surface of either the first pipe or the second pipe when the first pipe and second pipe are being aligned, and wherein the clamping elements are moveable radially inward to a neutral position in which one or more of the clamping elements are not braced against the interior of either the first pipe or the second pipe,
wherein the rotary device is configured to rotate the centering unit when the clamping elements are in the neutral position.

US Pat. No. 11,065,724

LASER WELDABLE COMPOSITIONS, PRODUCTS AND USES THEREOF

CHANG CHUN PLASTICS CO., ...


1. A composition, comprising:a. an inorganic filler,
b. a copolymer derived from monomers consisting of monomers represented by formulae (I), (II) and (III):





(III), wherein Y is an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having 2 to 6 carbon atoms,
andc. a polyester,
wherein the fraction derived from the monomer represented by formula (I) of the copolymer is between 1% and 70% in weight relative to the weight of the composition; the inorganic filler is present in an amount in the range of 0.1 to 60 wt. % relative to the weight of the composition;
and wherein the polyester comprises polybutylene terephthalate as a condensation product of 1,4-butanediol and 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid.

US Pat. No. 11,065,723

LASER ETCHING APPARATUS AND A METHOD OF LASER ETCHING USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....


1. A laser etching apparatus, comprising:a vacuum chamber configured to receive a substrate;
a laser port formed at a bottom of the vacuum chamber;
a laser emitter configured to emit a laser to the substrate disposed within the vacuum chamber through the laser port, and disposed under the vacuum chamber;
a window module comprising a window, wherein the window is disposed between substrate and the laser port, and disposed in the vacuum chamber; and
a particle grabber disposed between the window and the substrate within the vacuum chamber,
wherein the particle grabber comprises a static electricity generator.

US Pat. No. 11,065,722

LASER PROCESSING APPARATUS AND LASER PROCESSING METHOD

Tokyo Seimitsu Co., Ltd.,...


1. A laser processing apparatus which emits a laser light with a light condensing point set inside of a workpiece to form modified regions inside of the workpiece along a planned cutting line of the workpiece, the laser processing apparatus comprising:a laser light source configured to emit the laser light;
a spatial light modulator configured to modulate the laser light;
a condenser lens configured to condense the laser light inside of the workpiece;
a relative driver configured to move the laser light relatively to the workpiece along the planned cutting line;
a light flux separating and combining device configured to polarize and separate the laser light emitted from the laser light source into two polarized light fluxes having polarization directions orthogonal to each other and emit the two polarized light fluxes toward different regions of the spatial light modulator in a state where the two polarized light fluxes have polarization directions matching each other, and configured to combine the two polarized light fluxes modulated by the spatial light modulator and emit the combined light fluxes toward the condenser lens; and
a controller configured to control hologram patterns to be presented by the spatial light modulator for respective regions of the spatial light modulator toward which the two polarized light fluxes are emitted so as to condense the laser light by the condenser lens at two positions which are different from each other in a thickness direction of the workpiece inside of the workpiece and are the same as each other in a relative movement direction of the laser light, and form the modified regions, wherein
the light flux separating and combining device further comprises an optical-path-length correcting optical system configured to reduce a difference in geometric optical path length between the two polarized light fluxes.

US Pat. No. 11,065,721

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE REFERENCE FOCAL POSITION OF A LASER BEAM


1. A method for determining a reference focal position of a laser beam for processing a workpiece that is a plate-like member, the method comprising:producing at least two incisions in the workpiece with the laser beam set at a first laser power and at different focal positions for at least two of the incisions;
irradiating the workpiece with the laser beam at a second laser power lower than the first laser power;
detecting edges of the incisions by measuring one or more parameters of process radiation, one or more parameters of reflected laser radiation, or one or more parameters of both process radiation and reflected laser radiation caused by the irradiation of the workpiece at the second laser power;
establishing a width of each of the at least two incisions using the measured one or more parameters; and
fitting a mathematical curve to the established widths at associated different focal positions, determining a minimum of the curve, including between measurement locations of the different focal positions, as a minimal cutting gap width, and setting the associated focal position at the minimum of the curve as a reference focal position of the laser beam.

US Pat. No. 11,065,720

METHOD FOR REFINING MAGNETIC DOMAINS OF GRAIN-ORIENTED ELECTRICAL STEEL PLATES, AND APPARATUS THEREFOR

POSCO, Pohang-si (KR)


1. A device for miniaturizing magnetic domains of a directional electric steel plate comprising:a steel plate supporting roll position adjusting equipment of controlling a vertical direction position of the steel plate while supporting the steel plate moving along a production line;
a laser emitting equipment of melting the steel plate by emitting a laser beam to form grooves on the surface of the steel plate; and
a removing unit to remove remaining spatters dropped on the surface of the steel plate after the laser emitting,
wherein the laser emitting equipment emits the laser beam to a position separated at an angle along an outer peripheral surface from the center of the steel plate supporting roll at a reference point, by setting as the reference point an emitting position of the laser bema when the emitting direction of the laser beam passes through a central axis of the steel plate supporting roll and apex of the steel plate supporting roll, with respect of the surface of the steel place progressing in contact with the surface of the steel plate supporting roll in the form of an arc, and
wherein the laser emitting equipment emits the laser beam in a range of 3 to 7° separated from the center of the steel plate supporting roll along the outer peripheral surface thereof with respect to the reference point.

US Pat. No. 11,065,719

LASER-INTERFERENCE SURFACE PREPARATION FOR ENHANCED COATING ADHESION

UT-BATTELLE, LLC, Oak Ri...


1. A method of making a coated article, comprising the steps of:laser ablating a substrate surface of a first substrate of the article with an interference laser at a plurality of spots to create an interference laser-treated surface portion, wherein a laser spot size is from 2 to 8 mm and the interference laser ablating comprises providing between 1-50 laser pulses per laser spot and translating the laser spot with speeds between 1 to 2000 mm/s, wherein the laser ablating removes portions of the substrate surface to generate interference laser-treated surface ridge features, wherein the ridge features have a periodicity between 0.5-50 ?m, and the periodicity varies by no more than ±5%; and
applying a coating over the interference laser-treated surface portion.

US Pat. No. 11,065,718

LASER WELDING METHOD AND LASER WELDING APPARATUS

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...


1. A laser welding method for a component to be welded comprising a first metal component, a second metal component, and a third metal component sandwiched between the first and second metal components, in which the metal components of the component to be welded are welded to each other by scanning a laser beam in a first direction perpendicular to a direction in which the third metal component is sandwiched between the first and second metal components on an end face of the component to be welded and irradiating at least an end-face part of the third metal component with the laser beam, whereina welded part is formed by applying a first laser beam to the end-face part of the third metal component while scanning the first laser beam in the first direction, and thereby melting and then solidifying the component to be welded, the first laser beam having a predetermined concentrated-beam diameter on the end face,
the component to be welded is solidified and thereby welded after applying a second laser beam to an end-face part of the welded part on the end face while scanning the second laser beam in a direction other than the first direction as well as in the first direction across the end-face part of the welded part, and thereby jolting a molten pool which is formed as the welded part is melted by the application of the second laser beam, the second laser beam having a concentrated-beam diameter smaller than the concentrated-beam diameter of the first laser beam on the end face and having such output power that a depth of the molten pool from the end face becomes roughly equal to a depth of the welded part,
the concentrated-beam diameter of the first laser beam is a diameter equivalent to 60 to 100% of a length of the third metal component in the direction in which the third metal component is sandwiched between the first and second metal components as measured on the end face, and
the concentrated-beam diameter of the second laser beam is a diameter equivalent to 5 to 25% of the length of the third metal component in the direction in which the third metal component is sandwiched between the first and second metal components on the end face.

US Pat. No. 11,065,717

LASER PROCESSING APPARATUS

DISCO CORPORATION, Tokyo...


1. A laser processing apparatus comprising:a chuck table adapted to hold a plate-shaped workpiece;
a laser beam applying unit adapted to apply a laser beam to the workpiece held by the chuck table to process the workpiece; and
a processing feeding unit adapted to putting the chuck table and the laser beam applying unit into relative processing feeding,
wherein the laser beam applying unit includes a laser oscillator adapted to emit a laser beam, a condenser adapted to focus the laser beam emitted from the laser oscillator and to thereby apply the laser beam to the workpiece held by the chuck table, and a liquid jetting apparatus disposed at a lower end portion of the condenser and adapted to jet a liquid to an upper surface of the workpiece,
the liquid jetting apparatus includes a transparent plate disposed at the lower end portion of the condenser and permitting transmission therethrough of the laser beam, a casing provided with a space defined by a ceiling wall composed of the transparent plate, side walls, and a bottom wall, an opening formed in the bottom wall, extending in a processing feeding direction, and permitting passage therethrough of the laser beam focused by the condenser, and a liquid supply section adapted to supply the liquid to the casing, and
the liquid is jetted through the opening formed in the bottom wall to the workpiece and the laser beam is applied to the workpiece.

US Pat. No. 11,065,716

METHOD FOR PROCESSING, IN PARTICULAR SEPARATING, A SUBSTRATE BY MEANS OF LASER-INDUCED DEEP REACTIVE ETCHING


1. A method for machining a planar substrate by laser-induced deep etching, comprising:determining a local minimum of roughness which would be achieved for a cutting line in the planar substrate at different spatial laser pulses distances (d);
moving laser radiation along a machining line;
directing individual pulses onto the planar substrate at a spatial laser pulse distance (d) selected based on the determined local minimum of roughness; and
subsequently removing material by anisotropic etching at an etching rate (R) and an etching duration (t),
wherein machining parameters meet the following condition:1>d/(R*t)>10?5.


US Pat. No. 11,065,715

COMBINED LIQUID GUIDED LASER AND ELECTRICAL DISCHARGE MACHINING

General Electric Company,...


1. A system comprising:a liquid guided laser device with a liquid guided laser cutting path;
an electrical discharge machining (EDM) device with an electrode;
a first positioning system including a movable first stage and a first chuck for positioning and moving a workpiece in the liquid guided laser cutting path for creating at least one intermediate feature by machining the workpiece with the liquid guided laser device;
a second positioning system including a movable second stage and a second chuck for positioning and moving the workpiece such that the electrode of the EDM device is operatively positioned proximate the at least one intermediate feature in the workpiece to modify the at least one intermediate feature to create at least one finished feature in the workpiece;
an adapter including a pallet removably clamped to the workpiece and releasably coupled to the first positioning system and the second positioning system, the adapter providing a standard orientation and a standard position of the workpiece when releasably coupled to the first positioning system and the second positioning system,
wherein the adapter and an attached workpiece are transferred between the first positioning system and the second positioning system, with a common reference of the workpiece to be used by the first positioning system and the second positioning system to provide alignment between at the least one intermediate feature and the at least one finished feature in the workpiece; and
wherein machining is performed by at least one of:the liquid guided laser device and the EDM device;
alternating between the liquid guided laser device to the EDM device and then to the liquid guided laser device; or
alternating between the EDM device to the liquid guided laser device and then to the EDM device;

a common set of design data including position, shape, and depth specifications provided to the liquid guided laser device, the EDM device, the first positioning system, and the second positioning system, respectively, the common set of design data including data relating to:the common reference of the workpiece,
the at least one intermediate feature in the workpiece, and
the at least one finished feature in the workpiece,

wherein the first positioning system and the liquid guided laser device machine the at least one intermediate feature in the workpiece in accordance with the common set of design data using the common reference of the workpiece, the common set of design data is calculated by the first positioning system for a shift in the common reference and communicated to the second positioning system, and the second positioning system and the EDM device machine the at least one finished feature in the workpiece in accordance with the common set of design data using the common reference of the workpiece, and
wherein the at least one intermediate feature in the workpiece is a hole and the liquid guided laser device machines the hole to an intermediate depth and the EDM device machines the hole to a finished depth to create the at least one finished feature in the workpiece in accordance with the common set of design data.

US Pat. No. 11,065,714

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR THE RESIDUE-FREE FRICTION STIR WELDING OF WORKPIECES WITH HEIGHT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE JOINT PARTNERS


1. A device for stir welding of workpieces, comprising:a drive head comprising a receptacle head configured to be guided by a guiding machine, and further comprising a holding bell for a welding shoe that is screw-fitted to the drive head by a fastening flange, the drive head configured to drive and guide a welding pin tip;
wherein the welding shoe comprises a circular structure which in the center thereof has a circular opening for receiving the welding pin tip, wherein said circular opening is mounted in a web that runs diagonally in relation to the circular structure of the welding shoe, said web having a smoothing face in the movement direction of the procedure of friction stir welding, and wherein the smoothing face comprises an upper surface bounded by a front edge at a forward region of the upper surface and an intermediate edge at a rear region of the upper surface, wherein the front edge is part of a first step-shaped feature comprising a first lower surface connected to the front edge by a first stepped surface;
wherein the smoothing face further comprises a shape of a trapezoidal structure which extends in the diagonal direction of the welding shoe, wherein the trapezoidal structure in the direction of the advance of the welding shoe comprises the front edge in the forward region and being the wider side of the trapezoidal structure, and in the rear region a corresponding narrower side extends as a rear edge, and wherein the trapezoidal structure further comprises a left and a right curve-shaped lateral face, the plane normals thereof extending in the direction toward the circular opening; and
wherein the smoothing defines an angle of attack relative to a horizontal axis.

US Pat. No. 11,065,713

DISK DRIVE APPARATUS INCLUDING PRE-TREATED, WELDED HOUSING THAT PROVIDES SEALED CAVITY FOR HOLDING HARD DISK DRIVE COMPONENTS

SEAGATE TECHNOLOGY LLC, ...


1. A method of joining first and second metallic components, comprising the steps of:a. providing a first metallic component comprising at least one metallic material, wherein the first metallic component is in a partially formed configuration;
b. providing a second metallic component comprising at least one metallic material;
c. pre-treating at least a region of the partially formed, first metallic component, said pre-treating comprising the step of friction stir processing at least the region of the partially formed, first metallic component with a rotating and translating tool such that the rotating and translating contact locally heats, softens, and mixes successive portions of at least the region of the partially formed, first metallic component;
d. after pre-treating the partially formed, first metallic component, modifying the partially formed, first metallic component to provide a modified, pre-treated, first metallic component including an additional component feature in the pre-treated region;
e. optionally pre-treating at least a region of the second metallic component, said pre-treating comprising the step of friction stir processing at least the region of the second metallic component with a rotating and translating tool such that the rotating and translating contact locally heats, softens, and mixes successive portions of at least the region of the second metallic component;
f. placing the modified, pre-treated first metallic component and the optionally pre-treated second metallic component together such that a joint is provided between at least the pre-treated region of the modified, pre-treated, first metallic component and the second metallic component; and
g. welding at least the pre-treated region of the modified, pre-treated, first metallic component to the optionally pre-treated second metallic component along at least a portion of the joint.

US Pat. No. 11,065,712

RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING METHOD

JFE STEEL CORPORATION, T...


1. A resistance spot welding method of squeezing parts to be welded by a pair of electrodes, and passing a current while applying an electrode force to join the parts to be welded, the parts to be welded being a plurality of overlapping metal sheets, the resistance spot welding method comprising:a first step is passing a constant current by constant current control between the metal sheets to form a fusion zone having a diameter of not less than 2?t, expressed in mm, between the metal sheets, where t, expressed in mm, is a sheet thickness of a thinnest metal sheet of the metal sheets;
a second step of cooling the fusion zone to have a diameter of not greater than 80% of D, where D, expressed in mm, is a diameter of the fusion zone formed in the first step; and
a third step of performing adaptive control welding by controlling a current passage amount according to a target heat pattern that is set, wherein in the third step of performing adaptive control welding, controlling the current passage amount in order to compensate for a difference within a remaining welding time in the third step so that a cumulative amount of heat generated in the third step matches a cumulative amount of heat generated that is derived beforehand in a third test step.

US Pat. No. 11,065,711

HIGH ASPECT RATIO WELD FACE DESIGN FOR DISSIMILAR METAL WELDING

GM Global Technology Oper...


1. A method of spot welding a steel workpiece to an aluminum alloy workpiece, the method comprising:providing a stack-up that includes a steel workpiece with a faying surface overlapping the faying surface of an aluminum alloy workpiece, the thicknesses of each of the steel workpiece and the aluminum alloy workpiece at the location of their faying surfaces not exceeding six millimeters, the steel workpiece and the aluminum alloy workpiece overlapping to provide a faying interface;
contacting an electrode-contacting surface opposing the faying surface of the steel workpiece with a steel welding electrode, the steel welding electrode having a shaped welding face with an aspect ratio of between greater than 2 and 11;
simultaneously contacting an electrode-contacting surface opposing the faying surface of the aluminum alloy workpiece with an aluminum alloy welding electrode, the aluminum alloy welding electrode having a circular-shaped welding face with an aspect ratio equal to one;
passing an electrical current between the steel and aluminum alloy welding electrodes and through the stack-up to initiate a molten aluminum alloy weld pool within the aluminum alloy workpiece and at the faying interface, the electrical current having a greater current density in the steel workpiece than in the aluminum alloy workpiece; and
ceasing passage of the electrical current at which time a circular contact patch formed by the aluminum alloy welding electrode at the electrode-contacting surface of the aluminum alloy workpiece is greater in surface area than a non-circular contact patch formed by the steel welding electrode at the electrode-contacting surface of the steel workpiece, the contact patch formed by the aluminum alloy welding electrode having a surface area that is greater than the contact patch formed by the steel welding electrode by a ratio of 1.5:1 to 16:1
wherein the steel workpiece contains a non-circular weld nugget separated in the steel workpiece from the weld nugget in the aluminum alloy workpiece, the weld nugget in the steel workpiece having a higher aspect ratio than the weld nugget in the aluminum alloy workpiece.

US Pat. No. 11,065,710

RESISTANCE SPOT WELDING WORKPIECE STACK-UPS HAVING A STEEL WORKPIECE AND AN ALUMINUM WORKPIECE WITH A STEEL PLATE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...


1. A method of resistance spot welding a workpiece stack-up that comprises a steel workpiece and an aluminum workpiece, the method comprising:attaching a steel plate to the steel workpiece so that the steel plate is disposed over a weld-site of the workpiece stack-up;
clamping a first welding electrode and a second welding electrode on the workpiece stack-up at the weld-site;
passing electrical current between the first and second welding electrodes at the weld-site to create a molten aluminum weld pool within the aluminum workpiece that wets a faying surface of the steel workpiece; and
terminating passage of electrical current between the first and second welding electrodes to allow the molten aluminum weld pool to solidify into a weld joint;
wherein the steel plate stiffens the weld joint that bonds the steel and aluminum workpieces together,
wherein the weld joint comprises a weld nugget and a central point of the weld nugget to a cross-wise extent that is at least 40% greater than a cross-wise extent measured from the central point of the weld nugget to an edge thereof.

US Pat. No. 11,065,709

METAL ANALYZING PLASMA CNC CUTTING MACHINE AND ASSOCIATED METHODS


1. A method for analyzing composition of a workpiece being cut by a plasma CNC cutting machine, comprising:capturing light from a plasma arc of the plasma CNC cutting machine in a brief time window of one thirtieth of a second in duration as the plasma arc begins to cut the workpiece, the time window beginning after a time at the beginning of plasma cutting when the plasma has ionized enough metal from the workpiece to give emissions spectra from ionized metal from the workpiece, the time window ending before emissions spectra from the ionized metal from the workpiece is drowned out by interfering spectra from eroded torch and black-body radiation from the workpiece;
generating spectral data from the light, the spectral data including intensity of particular spectral lines of the emissions spectra from ionized metal from the workpiece; and
processing the spectral data to generate a determined composition indicative of composition of the workpiece;
wherein the time window is determined by observing a sequence of spectra each captured in a brief time window for presence of a particular spectral line and determining a ratio of that particular spectral line to background light, then selecting a spectrum from the sequence of spectra for analysis according to the determined ratio of the particular spectral line to background light.

US Pat. No. 11,065,708

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR PLASMA MACHINE PROCESSING OF STEEL BEAMS AND OTHER LONG PRODUCTS USING A PANTOGRAPH PLATE BEVELLING GANTRY-TYPE PLASMA CUTTING MACHINE


1. A gantry-type plasma-torch cutting machine comprising:a gantry configured to move along a bed in a first (X) axis;
a plasma torch coupled through a pantograph to a drive box, the drive box coupled to a backing plate configured to move along the gantry in a second (Y) axis perpendicular to the first (X) axis;
the drive box configured to rotate the plasma torch about a third axis, the third axis being an axis of rotation, and to operate the pantograph to tilt the plasma torch about a fourth axis, the fourth axis being an axis of tilt perpendicular to the third axis;
the drive box being configured to move along the backing plate in a fifth (Z) axis perpendicular to the first and second axis, the fifth axis being vertical;
a controller coupled to control movement of the gantry in the first (X) axis, movement of the backing plate along the gantry in the second (Y) axis, movement of the drive box along the backing plate in the fifth (Z) axis, rotation of the plasma torch in the third axis and tilt of the plasma torch in the fourth axis;
a laser scanner mounted to the drive box and configured to measure a height of a long product;
wherein the plasma torch is adapted to be mounted in the pantograph in a first position with a tip of the plasma torch beyond a focal point defined by an intersection of the third axis and a central axis of the plasma torch;
wherein the controller comprises a processor configured to use floating point arithmetic to, when the plasma torch is mounted in the first position, compute and apply offsets in the first, second and fifth axes as required to maintain the tip of the plasma torch in a desired position despite the plasma torch being rotated in the third axis, and the plasma torch being tilted in the fourth axis; and
the processor configured to compute the offsets in the first (X), second (Y) and fifth (Z) axes as the plasma torch is rotated in the third axis and tilted in the fourth axis.

US Pat. No. 11,065,707

SYSTEMS AND METHODS SUPPORTING PREDICTIVE AND PREVENTATIVE MAINTENANCE

LINCOLN GLOBAL, INC., Sa...


1. A system supporting predictive and preventative maintenance, the system comprising:a plurality of manufacturing cells within a manufacturing environment, wherein each manufacturing cell of the plurality of manufacturing cells includes a cell controller and at least one of welding equipment, cutting equipment, or additive manufacturing equipment;
a central controller; and
a communication network operatively connected to the central controller and the plurality of manufacturing cells and configured to support data communications between the central controller and the cell controller of each of the plurality of manufacturing cells,
wherein the central controller is configured to:collect cell data over time from the cell controller of each of the plurality of manufacturing cells, via the communication network, wherein the cell data is related to at least one of operation, performance, or servicing of a same component type of each of the plurality of manufacturing cells to form a set of aggregated cell data for the component type, wherein a component of the component type is associated with the at least one of the welding equipment, the cutting equipment, or the additive manufacturing equipment and is not a weld, and wherein the cell data includes feedback data indicating a percent of degradation of components of the component type, and
and analyze the set of aggregated cell data, including the feedback data, to generate an updated predictive model related to future maintenance of the component type.


US Pat. No. 11,065,706

HYBRID MANUAL AND AUTOMATED WELDING

Illinois Tool Works Inc.,...


1. A system, comprising:a housing, and
a hand-held welding tool that is manually placed at a workpiece in a welding position by a handle attached to the housing,
wherein the hand-held welding tool is at least partially enclosed in the housing and configured to be manually activated to cause a contact tip to automatically move within the housing about a fixed pivot point back and forth from a first weld position and to second weld position across an arc of less than 180 degrees during welding, wherein
an actuator forces a spring to compress in the first weld position and releasing the spring to force the contact tip to move to the second weld position, and wherein the contact tip automatically moves independently with respect to a movement or no movement of the hand-held welding tool during welding.

US Pat. No. 11,065,705

FILLET WELDING METHOD AND FILLET WELDED JOINT

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...


1. A method of fillet welding comprising overlaying scheduled welding locations of a first steel sheet and a second steel sheet, the first steel sheet having a tensile strength of 780 MPa or more,the method comprising the steps of:
arranging a reinforcing part joined to a surface of the first steel sheet at the opposite side to a surface which is in contact with the second steel sheet when overlaying the first steel sheet and the second steel sheet; and
forming a fillet weld zone by fillet welding so that a weld metal of the fillet weld zone covers an end part of the reinforcing part, an end part of the first steel sheet, and the surface of the second steel sheet.

US Pat. No. 11,065,704

ARC-TRACKING WELDING METHOD AND ARC-TRACKING WELDING APPARATUS

Kobe Steel, Ltd., Hyogo ...


1. An arc-tracking welding method in a consumable electrode type welding apparatus comprising a weaving function of swinging a torch with respect to a welding direction, the method comprising:causing a high-frequency component having a frequency higher than a frequency of the weaving to be superimposed on a welding current supplied to a consumable electrode;
detecting a value of the welding current during welding;
determining a resistance value variation on the basis of a difference between resistance values resulting from a height variation of the consumable electrode at left and right ends of the consumable electrode at left and right positions of the weaving from the detected value of the welding the detected value of the welding current; and
detecting a deviation of a weaving center from a welding line on the basis of the determined resistance value variation and information relating to both end positions of an amplitude of the weaving.

US Pat. No. 11,065,703

EMISSIONS COLLECTION SYSTEM AND METHODS

COMMERCIAL METALS COMPANY...


1. An emissions collection system comprising:a containment system comprising a plurality of walls and a roof structure that together form an internal chamber;wherein chamber inlets are formed in one wall of the plurality of walls; and
wherein chamber outlets are formed in either another wall of the plurality of walls or the roof structure;

a filter assembly comprising a filter that collects emissions generated within the internal chamber; and
a duct system that places the chamber outlets in fluid communication with the filter assembly;
wherein the filter assembly is configured to move air through the chamber inlets, the internal chamber, the chamber outlets, the duct system, and the filter to collect the emissions generated within the internal chamber.

US Pat. No. 11,065,702

METHOD FOR FORMING A THREAD, IN PARTICULAR AN INTERNAL THREAD


1. A method for forming an internal thread with a predefined thread pitch and with a predefined thread profile in a workpiece, wherein:a) a tool is used, which is rotatable about a tool axis extending through the tool and is movable axially relative to the tool axis and which comprises a thread generating region;
b) the thread generating region has at least one thread tooth, which is adapted and arranged to the predefined thread pitch and comprises an active profile, which corresponds to the thread profile of the thread; and
c) the tool is moved in a working movement into the workpiece or to the workpiece in a working direction during a first working phase,
wherein:
d) the working movement comprises a rotational movement in a predefined rotational direction about the tool axis and, synchronized with the rotational movement according to the thread pitch, an axial feed movement in an axial forwards direction axially relative to the tool axis, in such a manner that a complete revolution of the tool about the tool axis corresponds to an axial feed of the tool by the predefined thread pitch;
e) during the working movement, the thread generating region forms the thread;
f) the tool, in a decelerating movement following the working movement, is moved during a second working phase further into the workpiece in the same forwards direction as in the working movement, as far as a reversal point;
g) the decelerating movement comprises a rotational movement in the same rotational direction as in the working movement;
h) during the decelerating movement, the axial feed movement is controlled in dependence on a rotational angle of the rotational movement of the tool according to a previously stored definite relationship between the axial feed of the tool and the rotational angle;
i) the axial feed of the tool during a complete revolution, is smaller in terms of amount than the thread pitch at least during part of the decelerating movement and is zero at the reversal point;
j) during the decelerating movement, mutually different functions between the axial feed of the tool and the rotational angle are set in multiple decelerating steps; and
k) during the multiple decelerating steps, the axial feed is a linear function of the rotational angle and the pitch, that is to say the derivative of the axial feed with respect to the rotational angle, is constant in each of those decelerating steps, and decreases in terms of amount from one decelerating step to a following decelerating step.

US Pat. No. 11,065,701

TAP

Nachi-Fujikoshi Corp.


1. A tap comprising:a threaded portion that has a cutting blade on an outer circumferential surface of the threaded portion;
a flute portion that is formed so as to divide the threaded portion in a circumferential direction; and
a shank portion that is formed continuously from the threaded portion and the flute portion along a central axis,
wherein the flute portion includes, in a cross-sectional view,a first flute that is formed continuously from the cutting blade of the threaded portion,
a second flute that is formed continuously from the first flute, and
a ridge line portion that is a boundary between the first flute and the second flute, and

a distance from the central axis to the ridge line portion is longer than a distance from the central axis to a flute bottom of the first flute and is longer than a distance from the central axis to a flute bottom of the second flute,
the distance from the central axis to the flute bottom of the first flute is shorter than the distance from the central axis to the flute bottom of the second flute.

US Pat. No. 11,065,700

POST NOTCH FORMING TOOL AND RELATED METHODS


1. A post notch forming tool for forming at least one notch in an end of a rectangularly shaped post and structured to be attachable to a hand held saw, comprising:a base having a first surface and a second surface forming a first extended lip, a first end, and a second end;
a handle mounted on the first surface of the base;
a first L-shaped member having a first leg connected to the first end of the base and a second leg spaced away from the second surface of the base by a first notch-size forming preset distance;
a second L-shaped member having a first leg connected to the second end of the base and a second leg spaced away from the second surface of the base by the first notch-size forming preset distance;
a first blade-attaching bolt assembly secured to the second leg of the first L-shaped member for attaching the second leg of the first L-shaped member to the hand held saw;
a second blade-attaching bolt assembly secured to the second leg of the second L-shaped member for attaching the second leg of the second L-shaped member to the hand held saw; and
a spacer member selectively attachable to the first legs of the first and second L-shaped members for forming a second extended lip which defines a second notch-size forming preset distance;
the spacer member comprising an intermediate leg member which is integrally connected to the spacer member and which is connected to the second surface of the base to fixedly space the spacer member away from the second surface of the base of the post notch forming tool.