US Pat. No. 10,428,771

VAPORIZED-FUEL PROCESSING APPARATUS

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A vaporized-fuel processing apparatus comprising:an intake passage that is defined by an intake manifold and a throttle body;
a chamber that communicates with the intake passage;
a first purge guide hole in the intake manifold to guide vaporized fuel adsorbed in a canister toward the chamber; and
a second purge guide hole in the throttle body to guide the vaporized fuel adsorbed in the canister toward the chamber,
wherein the chamber is disposed downstream of the first purge guide hole and the second purge guide hole and upstream of the intake passage in a flow direction of the vaporized fuel from the canister toward the chamber to mix the vaporized fuel after the vaporized fuel exits from the first purge guide hole and the second purge guide hole and before the vaporized fuel enters the intake passage,
wherein the chamber extends within the intake manifold and within the throttle body from the first purge guide hole and the second purge guide hole to a port that provides an interface between the chamber and the intake passage, and
wherein the chamber is defined at an abutment plane between the intake manifold and the throttle body.

US Pat. No. 10,428,770

SOLENOID VALVE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A solenoid valve comprising:a valve body comprising an inlet through which a fluid is introduced, and a plurality of outlets through which the introduced fluid is discharged; and
at least one armature comprising a first armature and a second armature configured to discharge the fluid introduced from the inlet through at least one of the outlets selected by a control unit, wherein said at least one armature operated by a solenoid configured to open or close each of the outlets,
wherein a plurality of support members are configured to support said at least one armature when said at least one armature is opened and closed, and at least one support member of the plurality of support members is provided between the first armature and the second armature,
wherein the plurality of support members guide the armatures such that the armatures are not moved over a predetermined distance when the armatures are operated to open the outlets,
wherein the support members are stoppers configured to remain stationary with respect to the valve body when said at least one armature moves between the open and closed positions, and
wherein an elastic member is configured to elastically support operation of said at least one armature when said at least one armature is opened and closed, and the elastic member is provided between the first armature and the second armature and disposed outside of the armatures.

US Pat. No. 10,428,769

FUEL VAPOR TREATMENT APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A fuel vapor treatment apparatus applied to an engine which controls an injection quantity of a fuel injector so that an air-fuel ratio is kept at a target air-fuel ratio, the fuel vapor treatment apparatus treating a fuel vapor generated in a fuel tank by introducing the fuel vapor into the engine, the fuel vapor treatment apparatus comprising:a canister which adsorbs the fuel vapor;
a first pipe which defines a first passage fluidly connecting the fuel tank and the canister with each other;
a second pipe which defines a second passage fluidly connecting the canister and an intake passage of the engine with each other;
a purge valve which opens and closes the second passage;
a valve driving portion which drives the purge valve to be opened and closed;
an air-fuel-ratio obtaining portion which obtains the air-fuel ratio;
a clogging determining portion which determines an occurrence of clogging in a purge line or determines a clogging degree of the purge line based on the air-fuel ratio which the air-fuel-ratio obtaining portion obtains in a time period from when the purge valve is opened until when a specified time elapses, the purge line being defined by the first passage, the second passage and an inner passage of the purge valve.

US Pat. No. 10,428,767

LOW PRESSURE NATURAL GAS DIRECT INJECTION FUEL INJECTOR ASSEMBLY

CRAZY DIAMOND PERFORMANCE...

17. A method of injecting a compressed fuel into a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, said method comprising:storing the compressed fuel in a fuel storage tank at a fuel storage pressure;
delivering the compressed fuel from the fuel storage tank to a fuel injector assembly through a fuel supply line at a fuel supply pressure that is less than the fuel storage pressure; and
injecting the compressed fuel from the fuel injector assembly directly into the combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine at a fuel injection pressure that is less than the fuel supply pressure,
wherein the fuel injector assembly includes an adapter valve having a housing and an outlet in communication with the combustion chamber, the housing includes a bullet chamber, and a bullet slidingly received within the bullet chamber, the bullet having an engagement portion, an internal cavity, and a plurality of passages that connect an exterior of the bullet to the internal cavity, the bullet moveable between an injection position and a closed position, in the injection position fuel injected by the fuel injector passes through the bullet via the plurality of passages to be discharged from the outlet into the combustion chamber in an injection direction, and in the closed position the engagement portion engages with the seat portion to prevent blowback gas from passing through the bullet in an ingress direction opposite the injection direction.

US Pat. No. 10,428,766

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR FILLING LPG VEHICLE WITH LPG

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for filling an LPG vehicle with LPG, comprising:i) detecting, by a controller, a temperature in an LPG bombe;
ii) supplying, by the controller, LPG from a fuelling line to the LPG bombe, when the temperature in the bombe is lower than a critical temperature;
iii) supplying, by the controller, the LPG from the fueling line through an auxiliary injection line to an auxiliary chamber disposed in the LPG bombe, when the temperature in the bombe is equal to or higher than the critical temperature;
iv) performing, by the controller, heat exchange between the auxiliary chamber filled with the LPG and an inside of the LPG bombe; and
v) supplying, by the controller, the LPG from the fuelling line to the LPG bombe, when the temperature in the LPG bombe is decreased below the critical temperature through the heat exchange.

US Pat. No. 10,428,764

DEFLECTION LIMITER FOR A CASCADE ASSEMBLY OF A THRUST REVERSER

ROHR, INC., Chula Vista,...

1. A cascade assembly of a nacelle for a turbofan engine comprising:a cascade centered to and extending about a centerline;
a translating sleeve constructed and arranged to move between a forward position and an aft position along the centerline; and
a deflection limiter including a first surface facing at least in-part in a radial direction and carried by one of the cascade and the translating sleeve and a second surface facing at least in-part in an opposite radial direction and carried by the other of the cascade and the translating sleeve, and wherein the first and second surfaces oppose one-another for limiting deflection when the translating sleeve is in the aft position and are spaced axially apart when the translating sleeve is in the forward position;
wherein the cascade is a translating cascade constructed and arranged to move between a stowed state and a deployed state along the centerline, and wherein the deflection limiter is mated for transferring load when the translating sleeve is in the aft position and the translating cascade is in the deployed state, and is un-mated when the translating sleeve is in the forward position and the translating cascade is in the stowed state;
wherein the first surface is carried by a first catch of the deflection limiter fixed to the translating sleeve and the second surface is carried by a second catch of the deflection limiter fixed to the cascade, and wherein the first and second catches are constructed and arranged to mate when the translating sleeve is in the aft position and is un-mated when the translating sleeve is in the forward position; and
a fixed structure;
a hook device including a third catch fixed to the fixed structure and a fourth catch fixed to a forward portion of the cascade, and wherein the third catch is mated to the fourth catch for translating load when the translating cascade is in the deployed state and the translating sleeve is in the aft position; and
wherein the second surface is carried by an aft portion of the cascade disposed axially rearward of the forward portion.

US Pat. No. 10,428,762

SURFACE STRUCTURE OF ALUMINUM-BASED MEMBER

SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION,...

1. A surface structure of an aluminum-based member containing at least insoluble silicon particles, wherein a porous oxide film is provided on a surface of the aluminum-based member, and the oxide film has at least a pore extending from the surface toward an inside in a thickness direction of the oxide film, a void originated from and present inside the insoluble silicon particles extending in a direction substantially orthogonal to the thickness direction of the oxide film, and a pore in a periphery of the insoluble silicon particles: and wherein a length of the insoluble silicon particles contained in the aluminum-based member in the thickness direction of the oxide film is 1 ?m to 40 ?m, andwherein the aluminum-based member contains 8 wt % or more of Si and 2.9 wt % or more of the total of Cu, Ni, Mg, Mn, Zn and Fe, wherein the remaining part consists of aluminum and inevitable impurities.

US Pat. No. 10,428,761

GALLERYLESS PISTON WITH IMPROVED POCKET COOLING

Tenneco Inc., Lake Fores...

1. A piston, comprising:an upper wall including an undercrown surface exposed from an underside of said piston,
a ring belt depending from said upper wall and extending circumferentially around a center axis of said piston,
a pair of pin bosses depending from said upper wall, wherein each of said pin bosses presents a pin bore surrounding a pin bore axis,
a pair of skirt panels depending from said ring belt and coupled to said pin bosses by struts,
an inner undercrown region extending along said undercrown surface and surrounded by said skirt panels and said struts and said pin bosses,
a pair of outer pockets extending along said undercrown surface,
each outer pocket being surrounded by one of said pin bosses, a portion of said ring belt, and said struts coupling said one pin boss to said skirt panels,
at least one hole extending through at least one of said pin bosses and/or at least one of said struts from said inner undercrown region to one of said outer pockets, and
a deflector for directing cooling oil toward said center axis and/or toward said holes, said deflector including at least one rib disposed along an inner surface of one of said skirt panels and spaced from said pin bosses, and said at least one rib extending longitudinally between opposite ends and perpendicular to said pin bore axis.

US Pat. No. 10,428,760

PISTON WITH THERMALLY INSULATING INSERT AND METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION THEREOF

Tenneco Inc., Lake Fores...

1. A piston for an internal combustion engine, comprising:an upper crown formed at least in part by a first metal material and a thermally insulating insert, said upper crown having an upper wall forming an upper combustion surface and having a ring belt region depending from said upper wall, said ring belt region having a plurality of ring grooves, said upper combustion surface being formed at least in part by said thermally insulating insert, said thermally insulating insert having a base surface with pores extending upwardly into said base surface toward said upper combustion surface, said first metal material being infused and solidified in said pores to bond said first metal material to said thermally insulating insert, said first metal material forming a first bonding surface; and
a body portion formed from a second metal material separate from said first metal material, said body portion forming pin bosses having coaxially aligned pin bores and diametrically opposite skirt portions, said body portion having a second bonding surface bonded to said first bonding surface of said first metal material.

US Pat. No. 10,428,758

FUEL INJECTION CONTROLLER AND FUEL INJECTION CONTROL METHOD FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A fuel injection controller for an internal combustion engine configured to calculate a fuel injection amount and an injection starting point of time in accordance with an operation state of the internal combustion engine, start energization to an injector at the injection starting point of time, and stop the energization to the injector when an injection time calculated based on the fuel injection amount and a fuel pressure that is a pressure of fuel supplied to the injector elapses from the injection starting point of time, the fuel injection controller comprising:a first calculation section configured to acquire the fuel pressure at a predetermined point of time before the injection starting point of time and calculate the injection time using the acquired fuel pressure; and
a second calculation section configured to acquire the fuel pressure when the injection starting point of time arrives and calculate the injection time using the acquired fuel pressure,
wherein the fuel injection controller is configured to
set a point of time to stop the energization to the injector based on a calculation result of the injection time by the first calculation section before starting the energization to the injector, and
reset the point of time to stop the energization to the injector based on a calculation result of the injection time by the second calculation section after starting the energization to the injector.

US Pat. No. 10,428,757

FUEL INJECTION CONTROL DEVICE FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A fuel injection control device for an internal combustion engine in which each of a plurality of cylinders is provided with an in-cylinder injection valve and a port injection valve, the in-cylinder injection valve being configured to be opened by an electromagnetic force acting on a mover including a magnetic body, the electromagnetic force resulting from energization processing for a coil, the in-cylinder injection valve being configured to inject a fuel into a combustion chamber and the port injection valve being configured to inject the fuel into an intake passage, the fuel injection control device comprising an electronic control unit configured to:execute division processing for learning, the division processing for learning dividing a requested injection amount for controlling control amounts of the internal combustion engine into a partial lift injection amount and a port injection amount, the partial lift injection amount being an injection amount of partial lift injection during which the in-cylinder injection valve is opened such that the in-cylinder injection valve does not reach a maximum lift amount by the energization processing, the port injection amount being an injection amount of the injection of the port injection valve;
execute inflection point detection processing, the inflection point detection processing detecting, on the basis of at least one of a terminal electric potential of the coil and a current flowing through the coil, an inflection point of a change in induced electromotive force of the coil in time attributable to a decline in a relative speed of the mover with respect to the coil resulting from closing of the in-cylinder injection valve by termination of the partial lift injection based on the division processing for learning; and
execute correction processing, the correction processing correcting, on the basis of a timing of the detection of the inflection point the energization processing at a time when the partial lift injection is executed.

US Pat. No. 10,428,756

POWER-ECONOMY MODE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

MAHINDRA AND MAHINDRA LIM...

1. A power-economy mode control system for a vehicle, comprising:a power train (110), an electronic control unit (103), a mode selection switch (102), an accelerator pedal input (104), and a mode indication lamp (109), wherein said power train (110) having an engine (105), an engine speed sensor (106), and a transmission unit (107); wherein said electronic control unit is operationally configured with said engine speed sensor, said engine, said accelerator pedal input and said mode selection switch;
said electronic control unit configured to:
receive a signal from said mode selection switch and inputs including an engine speed, a coolant temperature, an accelerator pedal position, an air mass flow, an air temperature, air conditioning, and a battery of said vehicle, wherein said received signal is regarding selection of at least one of a power mode (PWR) and an economy mode (ECO) based on at least one input from a user, wherein said power mode is a vehicle operation based on a 2D power map and said economy mode is said vehicle operation based on a 2D economy map; and
provide diagnostic functions that includes at least one of a high coolant temperature warning and a low battery voltage warning;
said mode indication lamp configured to provide visual indication of selected said at least one of said power mode and said economy mode, wherein said mode indication lamp is mounted on a dashboard of said vehicle; and
wherein said electronic control unit configured to provide an output signal to an actuate engine injector to supply selected quantity of fuel to said engine to operate in said at least one of said power mode and said economy mode.

US Pat. No. 10,428,755

CONTROL DEVICE FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A control device for an internal combustion engine, having: an electromagnetically-driven fuel injector; a current detection section that detects a drive current of the fuel injector; and a current control section that applies a predetermined voltage to the fuel injector until a detected current, the detected current being detected by the current detection section when the fuel injector is driven to open a valve, arrives at a predetermined target peak current, the control device comprising:an arrival time calculation section that calculates a peak-current arrival time that is a time elapsed before the detected current arrives at the target peak current from a predetermined timing;
a difference time calculation section that calculates a predetermined-current arrival difference time that is a time elapsed before the detected current becomes lower than a predetermined current, which is lower than the target peak current, after exceeding the predetermined current;
a storage section that stores values of the predetermined-current arrival difference time and values of a defined peak-current arrival time wherein the values of the predetermined-current arrival difference time correspond to the values of the defined peak-current arrival time, respectively;
a defined arrival-time calculation section that uses a relationship between the values of the predetermined-current arrival difference time and the values of the defined peak-current arrival time to calculate one of the values of the defined peak-current arrival time corresponding to one of the values of the predetermined-current arrival difference time calculated by the difference time calculation section; and
a determination section that compares the peak-current arrival time calculated by the arrival time calculation section with the defined peak-current arrival time calculated by the defined arrival-time calculation section to determine a shift in the detected current with respect to an actual current.

US Pat. No. 10,428,754

INLINE STICKY TURBOCHARGER COMPONENT DIAGNOSTIC DEVICE AND SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USING THE SAME

BorgWarner Inc., Auburn ...

1. A product comprising an inline diagnostic device connected to a control status line at a position between an electronic control unit and any turbocharger actuator, the inline diagnostic device being constructed and arranged to intercept data being transmitted from the actuator to the ECU, and to compare the data intercepted from the actuator with known data indicative of the actuated component sticking, and to transmit a signal indicating that the actuated component is experiencing sticking behavior if the intercepted data is outside a predetermined range of the known data.

US Pat. No. 10,428,753

CONTROL DEVICE FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A control device for an internal combustion engine applied to a vehicle, the control device comprising:at least one electronic controller configured to:
i) execute idle control for controlling a rotation speed of a crankshaft of the internal combustion engine to reach a target speed for an idle operation,
ii) decrease a first torque when the rotation speed of the internal combustion engine becomes equal to or less than a predetermined speed during the execution of the idle control, the first torque being a torque applied to the crankshaft of the internal combustion engine by an auxiliary machine mounted on the vehicle,
iii) during the execution of the idle control,
a) acquire a second torque, the second torque being a maximum torque that the internal combustion engine is capable of generating, and
b) acquire a third torque, the third torque being a load torque related to the internal combustion engine including the first torque, and
iv) obtain a value from the second torque and the third torque, the value being a torque difference by which a maximum value of a shaft torque capable of being realized in the internal combustion engine exceeds the first torque, and set the predetermined speed during the execution of the idle control to be greater when the torque difference is equal to or less than a predetermined value compared to when the torque difference exceeds the predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,428,752

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE ANGULAR POSITION OF AN ENGINE

Continental Automotive Fr...

1. A method for determining an angular position of an engine by a crankshaft sensor comprising a crankshaft detector facing a crankshaft toothed wheel comprising a large number of regular teeth and a revolution marker, the crankshaft detector being able to produce a signal having a “tooth” event corresponding to an edge for each of the teeth, a “revolution” event for the revolution marker, and a “no tooth” event when two successive “tooth” events are abnormally separated, the method comprising:producing, by the crankshaft sensor, a signal having the “revolution” event,
determination of the revolution event out of two revolutions for a four-stroke engine, a crankshaft performing exactly two revolutions per cycle of the engine, in order to complete the determination of the angular position of the engine, wherein for each of the “no tooth” events possibly produced, a change in direction of rotation of the engine is suspected, and an analysis step is carried out comprising:
a) if in an inverse window, at a distance from a current “no tooth” event equal to a distance between the preceding “revolution” event and the current “no tooth” event, toleranced by +/?a tolerance of the teeth, a new “no tooth” event is produced, the change in direction of rotation is confirmed, and
b) if in the inverse window no “no tooth” event is produced, the change in direction of rotation is invalidated.

US Pat. No. 10,428,751

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CHARACTERIZING A PORT FUEL INJECTOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating an engine, comprising:increasing pressure of a fuel rail to a threshold pressure and deactivating a cylinder of the engine in response to entering deceleration fuel shut-off;
deactivating a fuel pump in response to pressure in the fuel rail being at the threshold pressure;
injecting fuel to the deactivated cylinder;
correlating pressure drop in the fuel rail to injector operation; and
operating a fuel injector responsive to the correlation.

US Pat. No. 10,428,748

CONTROL DEVICE FOR SUPERCHARGING SYSTEM

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. A control device for a supercharging system for supplying compressed intake air to an engine, the supercharging system comprising a supercharger configured to compress intake air to be supplied to the engine, a boost-pressure control unit configured to control a boost pressure of the supercharger, and the control device configured to control the boost-pressure control unit, the control device comprising:an engine controller, including a first processor, and comprising an engine signal input part to which various sensor signals related to an operational state of the engine are to be inputted, and an engine control part configured to control an operational state of the engine and to compute a target boost pressure of the supercharger on the basis of the sensor signals inputted into the engine signal input part; and
a turbo controller, including a second processor separate from the first processor, and comprising a turbo signal input part to which at least sensor signals related to an operational state of the supercharger are to be inputted from among the various sensor signals related to an operational state of the engine, and a turbo control part configured to compute a margin of the supercharger on the basis of the sensor signals inputted to the turbo signal input part, and independently from the engine controller, the turbo controller comprising a control part and the turbo signal input part provided separately and independently from the engine control part and the engine signal input part, respectively, of the engine controller,
wherein one of the engine controller and the turbo controller is configured to compute a target boost-pressure corrected value by correcting the target boost pressure in accordance with a magnitude of the margin computed by the turbo control part, and to control the boost-pressure control unit so that the boost pressure of the supercharger reaches the target boost-pressure corrected value.

US Pat. No. 10,428,747

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING VALVE TIMING OF CONTINUOUS VARIABLE VALVE DURATION ENGINE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for controlling intake and exhaust valves of an engine, the method comprising:controlling, by an intake continuous variable valve timing (CVVT) device, opening and closing timings of the intake valve;
controlling, by an exhaust CVVT device, opening and closing timing of the exhaust valve;
determining, by a controller, a target opening duration of the intake valve, a target opening duration of the exhaust valve, and at least one of a target opening timing or a target closing timing of the intake valve and the exhaust valve, based on an engine load and an engine speed;
modifying, by an intake continuous variable valve duration (CVVD) device, current opening and closing timings of the intake valve based on the target opening duration of the intake valve;
modifying, by an exhaust CVVD device, current opening and closing timings of the exhaust valve based on the target opening duration of the exhaust valve;
advancing, by the intake CVVD device, the current opening timing of the intake valve while simultaneously retarding the current closing timing of the intake valve by a predetermined value and while maintaining a maximum amount of a valve lift of the intake valve at a same level, or retarding the current opening timing of the intake valve while simultaneously advancing the current closing timing of the intake valve by a predetermined value while maintaining the maximum amount of the valve lift of the intake valve at the same level, based on the target opening duration of the intake valve;
advancing, by the exhaust CVVD device, the current opening timing of the exhaust valve while simultaneously retarding the current closing timing of the exhaust valve by a predetermined value while maintaining a maximum amount of a valve lift of the exhaust valve at a same level, or retarding the current opening timing of the exhaust valve while simultaneously advancing the current closing timing of the exhaust valve by a predetermined value while maintaining the maximum amount of the valve lift of the exhaust valve at the same level, based on the target opening duration of the exhaust valve;
determining, by the controller, a third control region where the engine load is greater than a third predetermined load and less than a fourth predetermined load and the engine speed is between first and second predetermined speeds, or where the engine load is greater than the third predetermined load and equal to or less than a fifth predetermined load and the engine speed is between the second predetermined speed and a third predetermined speed; and
advancing, by the intake CVVT device in the third control region and when the engine speed is less than a predetermined speed, the current closing timing of the intake valve to be closer to a bottom dead center (BDC) than in a second control region where the engine load is greater than a second predetermined load and equal to or less than the third predetermined load; or advancing the current closing timing of the intake valve to an angle after BDC when the engine speed is greater than or equal to the predetermined speed.

US Pat. No. 10,428,746

METHOD OF CONTROLLING AN OPERATION OF AN INLET VALVE SYSTEM AND AN INLET VALVE CONTROL SYSTEM

1. A method of controlling an operation of an inlet valve system arranged in connection with each cylinder of an internal combustion piston engine, which method comprises during the operation of the engine steps of1) Monitoring at least one parameter relating to engine load conditions,
2) Controlling, using a primary control procedure, a closing timing of an inlet valve of the inlet valve system in response to the at least one parameter obtained in the step 1), before a bottom dead center, wherein the primary control procedure closes the inlet valve within a first range between a first crank angle value and a second crank angle value before the bottom dead center, and
3) Feeding charge air into the said cylinder via the inlet valve of the inlet valve system when the inlet valve is open,and by using a secondary control procedure the closing timing of the inlet valve of the inlet valve system is controlled in response to at least one parameter relating to the engine load conditions independently from and with higher priority than by using the primary control procedure,which secondary procedure closes the inlet valve within a second range between a third crank angle and a fourth crank angle in respect to the bottom dead center, which third crank angle is outside the first range, and the third crank angle is closer to the bottom dead center than the first range.

US Pat. No. 10,428,743

DROP-TIGHT SPOOL AND SLEEVE FOR METERING VALVE

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A spool and sleeve assembly for a metering valve comprising:a spool body extending between a first end portion and a second end portion to define a center axis, and wherein the spool body has an outermost diameter at a central portion between the first and second end portions and a first reduced diameter portion that is axially between the central portion and the second end portion of the spool body, and wherein the second end portion of the spool body has an increased diameter relative to the first reduced diameter portion;
a sleeve body having a bore that receives the spool body, the sleeve body including at least one metering window open to the bore, and wherein the spool body is moveable between a metering position to control flow through the metering window and a shutoff position where flow is prevented from exiting an outlet end of the bore, and wherein the first reduced diameter portion of the spool body at least partially overlaps with the at least one metering window when in the metering position; and
a seal assembly reacting between the spool body and the sleeve body to provide at least a first sealing interface associated with the first end portion of the spool body and a second sealing interface associated with the second end portion of the spool body and axially spaced from the first sealing interface when the spool body is in the shutoff position.

US Pat. No. 10,428,742

FUEL DELIVERY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

General Electric Company,...

12. A gas turbine engine defining a flow path and a central axis, the gas turbine engine comprising:a drive shaft extending along the central axis;
a turbine attached to the drive shaft to provide rotation of the drive shaft;
a combustion section positioned forward of the turbine to provide a combustion gas thereto;
a variable geometry component positioned in the flow path of the gas turbine engine; and
a fuel system including:
a component actuator configured to actuate the variable geometry component,
a primary line in fluid communication with the component actuator,
a bypass line including
a bypass inlet disposed on the primary line to receive fuel from the primary line downstream from a servo line in fluid communication with the component actuator,
a bypass outlet disposed on the primary line to return fuel to the primary line upstream from the servo line, and
a bypass valve in variable fluid communication between the bypass inlet and the bypass outlet,
a fuel pressurization valve in fluid communication with the primary line, and
a control device in operable communication with the fuel pressurization valve, the control device configured to:
determine a demand pressure associated with actuating the variable geometry component using the component actuator,
determine the desired valve position based at least in part on an available fuel pressure for motivating the component actuator,
determine a desired valve position for the valve based on the demand pressure, and
adjust a position of the valve according to the desired valve position to generate a fuel pressure at the component actuator that is greater than or equal to the demand pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,428,740

TWIN SHAFTS DRIVING ADJACENT FANS FOR AIRCRAFT PROPULSION

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A propulsion system for an aircraft comprising:at least two fans, each of said two fans having a fan drive shaft; and
a pair of turboshaft gas turbine engines for driving respective ones of said at least two fans, said turboshaft gas turbine engines each driving an output shaft which drives a gear to, in turn, drive a gear on a first intermediate each drive shaft extending from end said turboshaft gas turbine engine in a rearward direction toward an intermediate fan drive shaft, said intermediate fan drive shaft driving said fan drive shaft, and said at least two first intermediate drive shafts extending over a distance that is greater in an axial dimension defined between respective ones of said turboshaft gas turbine engines and said fans than it is in a width dimension defined between said at least two fans.

US Pat. No. 10,428,738

START BIASED LIQUID FUEL MANIFOLD FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

Solar Turbines Incorporat...

1. A liquid fuel distribution system for a gas turbine engine, the fuel distribution system comprising:a plurality of fuel injectors oriented circumferentially about a combustion chamber of the gas turbine engine;
a fuel distribution manifold including
a manifold body,
a stage divider subdividing an internal volume of the manifold body into a primary stage volume and a secondary stage volume, the stage divider including a divider vent fluidly connecting the primary stage volume to the secondary stage volume,
a primary inlet port fluidly connected and adjacent to the primary stage volume,
a secondary inlet port fluidly connected and adjacent to the secondary stage volume,
a plurality of primary stage outlet ports extending from the manifold body between the primary inlet port and the stage divider, each of the plurality of primary stage outlet ports being fluidly connected to the primary stage volume, and
a plurality of secondary stage outlet ports extending from the manifold body between the secondary inlet port and the stage divider, each of the plurality of second stage outlet ports being fluidly connected to the secondary stage volume;
injector fuel tubing fluidly connecting the plurality of primary stage outlet ports and the plurality of secondary stage outlet ports to the plurality of fuel injectors, where the plurality of primary stage outlet ports provides a liquid fuel to a majority of the plurality of fuel injectors and the plurality of secondary stage outlet ports provides the liquid fuel to a remainder of the plurality of fuel injectors;
a primary fuel line fluidly connecting the primary inlet port to a liquid fuel source;
a primary fuel control valve in the primary fuel line between the primary inlet port and the liquid fuel source;
a secondary fuel line fluidly connecting the secondary inlet port to the primary fuel line downstream of the primary fuel control valve; and
a secondary fuel control valve in the secondary fuel line between the primary fuel line and the secondary inlet port.

US Pat. No. 10,428,737

GAS TURBINE DISASSEMBLY METHOD

ANSALDO ENERGIA SWITZERLA...

1. A method of disassembling a gas turbine having a combustor, a liner, a turbine vane carrier and an outer housing, the method comprising:attaching a support structure to support a portion of the liner proximate the turbine vane carrier prior to disengaging the liner from the turbine vane carrier,
disengaging the liner from the turbine vane carrier and removing the turbine vane carrier from the gas turbine,
wherein the liner is disengaged from the turbine vane carrier before the turbine vane carrier is removed, and
wherein the liner remains inside the outer housing and the combustor remains in the outer housing.

US Pat. No. 10,428,735

JET ENGINE

IHI Corporation, Koto-ku...

1. A jet engine, comprising:a hollow shaft;
a center bent tube which is inserted into the shaft;
an annular support portion which protrudes from an inner wall surface of the shaft; and
an annular spacer ring which is provided on an outer wall surface of the center bent tube and slidably abuts on the support portion,
wherein the spacer ring includes an outer circumferential surface which has a shape along a surface of the support portion in an axial direction of the shaft, an inner circumferential surface which has a shape along the outer wall surface of the center bent tube in the axial direction of the shaft, and a cut portion in which a portion of the spacer ring is cut, and
wherein both ends of the outer circumferential surface of the spacer ring in the axial direction of the shaft are chamfered.

US Pat. No. 10,428,733

TURBOPROP AIR INTAKE

SNECMA, Paris (FR) SOCIE...

1. A turboprop engine comprising a rotary propeller upstream of an engine having an engine housing with an air intake that is not coaxial to the propeller, said air intake defining a main conduit for supplying air to the engine and further defining a bypass to said main conduit, said bypass comprising an outlet that is oriented axially in a downstream direction of the engine, the turboprop engine further comprising a nacelle surrounding the engine and the air intake, wherein the air intake comprises, at an end of the main conduit, a peripheral flange for fixing to a corresponding flange of the air intake and wherein the air intake is not rigidly connected to the nacelle so as to allow relative movements between the air intake and the nacelle during operation, said outlet being connected by means of a flexible link to an intake of an air system borne by the nacelle, wherein the turboprop engine comprises means for suspending the air intake from a housing of a gearbox.

US Pat. No. 10,428,732

ROTOR ASSEMBLY FOR AN OPEN CYCLE ENGINE, AND AN OPEN CYCLE ENGINE

Xeicle Limited, Central,...

1. A rotor assembly for an engine, comprising:a rotor, supported on one or more bearings configured to allow the rotor to rotate about a rotor axis, a portion of the rotor forming at least one compression passage that extends outwards from the rotor axis, wherein inlet gases entering the rotor through one or more rotor gas inlets at or near the rotor axis and flowing outwards from the one or more rotor gas inlets through the at least one compression passage undergoing compression as the rotor rotates;
one or more combustion chambers located and supported within the at least one compression passage at or near a maximum radius of the rotor from the rotor axis, the one or more combustion chambers having a closed radially outermost end and one or more combustion chamber gases inlets distributed around the one or more combustion chambers through which the inlet gases enter the one or more combustion chambers, the one or more combustion chambers further having at least one fuel inlet adapted to allow fuel to enter the one or more combustion chambers and therein mix and combust; and
one or more expansion passages in fluidic connection with and extending radially inwards from the one or more combustion chambers within the at least one compression passage and fluidically connecting at or near the rotor axis to a combustion gas outlet tube that extends along the rotor axis, in use combustion gases created by combustion of the fuel with the inlet gases within the one or more combustion chambers expanding and flow radially inwards through the one or more expansion passages;
the rotor assembly configured so that fuel is injected into the one or more combustion chambers at a smaller radius than the gases inlets of the one or more combustion chambers.

US Pat. No. 10,428,730

BILATERAL ENGINE CONTROL SYSTEM

FAIRBANKS MORSE, LLC, Ch...

1. A bilateral engine control system for use on a multi-cylinder opposed piston engine, the system comprising:a first set of fuel injectors mountable on a first side of an engine, each in fluid communication with a corresponding cylinder of the engine;
a second set of fuel injectors mountable on a second side of the engine, each in fluid communication with one of the corresponding cylinders of the engine;
a first engine control unit connected to the first set of injectors for control thereof;
a second engine control unit connected to the second set of injectors for control thereof;
a first crankshaft speed sensor and a second crankshaft speed sensor connected to the first engine control unit and the second engine control unit, respectively; and
one or more communication lines connecting the first and second engine control units, whereby signals from the first and second crankshaft speed sensors are shared between the first and second engine control units;
wherein the first engine control unit independently controls the first set of injectors and the second engine control unit independently controls the second set of injectors.

US Pat. No. 10,428,728

METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH PARALLEL SUPERCHARGING AND WITH AN ACTIVATABLE TURBINE, AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE FOR CARRYING OUT A METHOD OF SAID TYPE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for operating a supercharged internal combustion engine having at least two cylinders and having an intake system for supply of charge air to the at least two cylinders, each cylinder having at least two outlet openings for discharge of exhaust gases, at least one of the at least two outlet openings in each cylinder in the form of an activatable outlet opening, each outlet opening being adjoined by an exhaust line for the discharge of the exhaust gases via an exhaust-gas discharge system, a first exhaust-gas turbocharger and a second exhaust-gas turbocharger, the first exhaust-gas turbocharger comprising a first turbine and a first compressor which are arranged on a first shaft, which first shaft is mounted rotatably in an oil-lubricated bearing arrangement, the second exhaust-gas turbocharger comprising a second turbine and a second compressor which are arranged on a second shaft, the first compressor and the second compressor are arranged in parallel in the intake system, the first compressor being arranged in a first intake line and the second compressor being arranged in a second intake line of the intake system, and the first and second intake lines merging, downstream of the first and second compressors, to form an overall intake line, a first shut-off valve arranged downstream of the first compressor, in the first intake line, respective exhaust lines of the activatable outlet openings of the at least two cylinders merge to form a first exhaust manifold coupled to a first overall exhaust line which is connected to the first turbine of the first exhaust-gas turbocharger, and respective exhaust lines of the other outlet openings of the at least two cylinders merge to form a second exhaust manifold coupled to a second overall exhaust line which is connected to the second turbine of the second exhaust-gas turbocharger, the method comprising:during a first condition, including a deactivated first turbine and deactivated outlet openings, increasing a pressure at a compressor-side end of the bearing arrangement of the first shaft of the first exhaust-gas turbocharger using an auxiliary mechanism, wherein the auxiliary mechanism comprises one or more of a pump, a second feed line, and an electric auxiliary drive.

US Pat. No. 10,428,727

BONDING STRENGTH ENHANCEMENT FOR CERAMIC COATING ON HIGH TEMPERATURE ALLOY

Ford Motor Company, Dear...

16. A power system comprising:an engine;
a turbocharger comprising a component disposed within an exhaust stream of the engine and being exposed to exhaust flow and temperatures of at least 200° C., wherein at least one surface of the component comprises an oxide layer and a ceramic coating that functions as a primary catalyst to accelerate heating of the exhaust stream proximate the component adhered to the oxidation layer; and
at least one aftertreatment system downstream of the turbocharger.

US Pat. No. 10,428,726

CONTROL APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A control apparatus for an internal combustion engine that includes a turbocharger that pressurizes intake air in an intake passage, a an intercooler cooling intake air flowing through a predetermined portion of the intake passage at a location downstream of a compressor of the turbocharger, by using coolant circulating through a first radiator and a first cooling circuit, a coolant inflow passage connected to the first cooling circuit, a coolant outflow passage connected to the first cooling circuit, and a coolant regulating valve positioned in the coolant inflow passage for increasing a temperature of the coolant in the first cooling circuit, and an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) line recirculating part of exhaust gases in an exhaust passage to an upstream side of the predetermined portion of the intake passage, the EGR line comprising a cooler and an EGR valve,the control apparatus comprising non-transitory executable instructions to:
determine whether the internal combustion engine is operating in an EGR execution region where recirculation of exhaust gases occurs via the opening of the EGR valve in the EGR line or is operating in an EGR stop region where the recirculation of exhaust gases is stopped by the closure of the EGR valve in the EGR line;
regulate an amount of exhaust gases recirculated into the intake passage via the EGR valve, when the internal combustion engine is determined to be in the EGR execution region;
regulate the temperature of the coolant in the first cooling circuit by adjusting a position of the coolant regulating valve in the coolant inflow line to maintain a temperature of the intake air having passed through the predetermined portion of the intake passage above a dewpoint temperature when the internal combustion engine is determined to be in the EGR execution region;
and
wherein the EGR stop region has a first region and a second region,
wherein in the first region of the EGR stop region, the control apparatus regulates the temperature of the coolant in the first cooling circuit by adjusting the position of the coolant regulating valve in the coolant inflow line to maintain the temperature of the intake air having passed through the predetermined portion of the intake passage above the dewpoint temperature when the internal combustion engine is determined to be in the EGR stop region;
wherein in the second region of the EGR stop region, the control apparatus fully closes the coolant regulating valve positioned in the coolant inflow line.

US Pat. No. 10,428,725

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING ENGINE OVERHEATING USING LIQUID FUEL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an engine system, comprising:in response to an overheating condition of a multi-cylinder engine and based on additional operating conditions, selecting, via a controller, between cooling the engine via air flow through the engine and cooling the engine via liquid fuel;
in response to selecting cooling the engine via air flow through the engine, flowing air through one or more engine cylinders while disabling fueling of the one or more engine cylinders; and
in response to selecting cooling the engine via liquid fuel, fueling a subset of engine cylinders with liquid fuel that is not combusted while deactivating intake and exhaust valves of each of the subset of engine cylinders.

US Pat. No. 10,428,723

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING WATER PUMP FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for controlling a water pump for a vehicle, the method comprising steps of:determining whether an engine is on;
measuring a coolant temperature of the engine and a revolutions per minute (RPM) of the engine when the engine is on;
determining whether the measured coolant temperature is equal to or greater than a reference coolant temperature;
determining a first RPM of the water pump, which adjusts a coolant flow rate, from the measured coolant temperature and the measured RPM of the engine, when the measured coolant temperature is equal to or greater than the reference coolant temperature;
determining a second RPM of the water pump from an exhaust gas temperature, when the measured coolant temperature is less than the reference coolant temperature; and
controlling the water pump such that the water pump is operated according to the determined RPM of the water pump.

US Pat. No. 10,428,722

TEMPERATURE MANAGEMENT METHOD FOR HYBRID VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A temperature management method for a hybrid vehicle, wherein the vehicle includes:a flow rate control valve controlling flow of coolant to an engine, a heater, a heat exchanger, and a radiator; and
an exhaust heat recovery device coupled to the flow rate control valve via the heater, the exhaust heat recovery device performing heat exchange between the coolant received from the heater and exhaust gas received from the engine, and supplying the heat-exchanged coolant to the engine,
the method comprising:
identifying, by a controller, at a heater identification step, whether the heater is on or off; and
identifying, by the controller, at a control step, at least one of an outside air temperature, a coolant temperature, or an oil temperature depending on a result of the heater identification step, and operating the flow rate control valve in a flow stop mode to prevent the coolant of the engine from discharging.

US Pat. No. 10,428,718

COMPACT INLINE INLET WITH INTEGRATED CAST RING

Tenneco Automotive Operat...

1. An exhaust gas aftertreatment system for a vehicle comprising:a cylindrical inner shell configured to guide exhaust gas;
a cylindrical outer shell disposed around the inner shell, the outer shell forming a first gap to the inner shell;
an outer end cap enclosing an open end of the outer shell, the outer end cap comprising a central wall and a peripheral portion, the peripheral portion comprising an axially-extending radially-inner wall, a peripheral wall extending from the radially-inner wall, and an axially-extending radially-outer lip extending from the peripheral wall and opposite the radially-inner wall, wherein the radially-inner wall, the peripheral wall, and the radially-outer lip define a pocket;
a metal mounting member partially disposed within the pocket and configured to be in fluid communication with the exhaust gas, the mounting member comprising an annular body and a central aperture; and
an inner end cap having an axially-extending lip, the axially-extending lip being coupled to the mounting member to enclose the central aperture of the mounting member, wherein the mounting member and the inner end cap enclose an open end of the inner shell.

US Pat. No. 10,428,716

HIGH-TEMPERATURE EXHAUST SENSOR

Sensata Technologies, Inc...

1. A sensing device for sensing a physical quantity of a fluid having a high temperature, comprising:a cable having an outer metallic jacket, conductors surrounded by the outer metallic jacket, and Magnesium Oxide insulation in contact with the conductors;
a sensing element configured for sensing the physical quantity and coupled to a sensing end of the cable;
a sealing flange element coupled to the outer metallic jacket of the cable; and
a tube-like element, having a proximal end attached to the sealing flange element, surrounding at least a part of the cable between the sealing flange element and the sensing end of the cable, wherein the sensing element is located exterior to the tube-like element and a major part of the inner surface of the tube-like element is at a predefined distance from the outer surface of the cable forming a gap between the cable and the tube-like element.

US Pat. No. 10,428,715

EXHAUST GAS ANALYZING SYSTEM AND PUMPING DEVICE

HORIBA, LTD., Kyoto (JP)...

1. An exhaust gas analyzing system for sampling a part of or a whole of an exhaust gas emitted from an internal combustion engine, diluting the exhaust gas for analysis, and analyzing resulting gas, the system comprising:an exhaust gas flow passage through which the exhaust gas flows;
a dilution gas flow passage through which dilution gas flows;
a main flow passage, provided with a PM collection filter and connected to the exhaust gas flow passage and to the dilution gas flow passage, that flows a diluted exhaust gas resulting from mixing the exhaust gas and the dilution gas with each other;
a diluted exhaust gas sampling flow passage connected to the main flow passage at an upstream side of the PM collection filter for sampling a part of the diluted exhaust gas from the main flow passage for introduction to an exhaust gas analyzer that continuously measures particulate matter contained in the diluted exhaust gas;
a diluted exhaust gas flow rate adjusting mechanism connected to the main flow passage at a downstream side of the PM collection filter that adjusts a flow rate of the diluted exhaust gas flowing through the main flow passage; and
a controller that alters a setting flow rate of the diluted exhaust gas flow rate adjusting mechanism on a basis of a sampling flow rate of the diluted exhaust gas flowing through the diluted exhaust gas sampling flow passage.

US Pat. No. 10,428,714

CONTROL DEVICE AND METHOD FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A control device for an internal combustion engine, in which an electric heating catalyst having a catalyst support generating heat by energizing is provided to an exhaust passage, the control device comprising:an electronic controller configured to energize the support in the case where a rapid decrease in intake air amount of the internal combustion engine is detected, wherein the rapid decrease in intake air amount is detected when a rate of change of the intake air amount exceeds a predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,428,711

MIXER FOR MIXING EXHAUST GAS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A mixer, comprising:an outer annular portion exterior to an exhaust pipe and an inner annular portion interior to the exhaust pipe, where the outer annular portion comprises a spiral fin extending around the exhaust pipe in a downstream direction with respect to exhaust flow, wherein the inner annular portion is curved and comprises a C-shaped cross-section in the downstream direction, and where the inner annular portion comprises a venturi passage located along its central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,428,710

INJECTOR HAVING A REINFORCED SPRAY DISC

Continental Automotive Gm...

1. An injector (1) for adding a liquid additive (2) into an exhaust gas treatment apparatus (3), the injector (1) comprising:at least one nozzle (5) having a spray disc (4) configured to inject the liquid additive (2) into the exhaust gas treatment apparatus (3),
the spray disc (4) having:
at least one spray duct (6), through which flow of the liquid additive (2) can pass, the at least one spray duct (6) having an outlet opening (7) configured to shape a spray jet (8) of the liquid additive (2),
wherein the spray disc (4) has a reinforcing structure (9) arranged downstream of the outlet opening (7), the reinforcing structure (9) being configured such that it is not wetted by the spray jet (8), and
wherein the at least one spray duct (6) has, upstream of the outlet opening (7), a first duct section (13) and has, downstream of the outlet opening (7), a second duct section (14), the first duct section (13) having a first duct cross section (15), and the second duct section (14) having a second duct cross section (12) wider than the first duct cross section (15), the second cross section (12) widening from the first duct cross section (15) without graduation.

US Pat. No. 10,428,707

PARTIAL-FLOW DIESEL PARTICULATE FILTER USING PRESSURE REGULATED BYPASS

Southwest Research Instit...

1. A system for particulate matter reduction, comprising:a diesel particulate filtration system, wherein said diesel particulate filtration system includes an inlet, a first outlet, and an exhaust path between said inlet and said first outlet, 1 to 20 diesel particulate filter elements positioned in said exhaust path between said inlet and said first outlet, a maintenance flag indicator, and a bypass valve having an opening providing a cross-section area in the range of one to 100 percent of said 1 to 20 diesel particulate filter elements,
wherein said diesel particulate filtration system is configured to have a diesel engine having a horsepower of 500 or greater operatively coupled to said inlet and said 1 to 20 diesel particulate filter elements have a total volume that is less than 1.9 times a swept volume of said diesel engine wherein said diesel engine provides a maximum allowable engine backpressure in the range of 0.4 in Hg to 10 in Hg
wherein said bypass valve is configured to open when said maximum allowable engine backpressure in the range of 0.4 in Hg to 10 in Hg is exceeded,
wherein said system further comprising a controller with control program logic that is configured to perform the steps of considering whether said maximum allowable engine backpressure is reached while operating at an engine load lower than expected to reach said maximum allowable backpressure and setting said maintenance flag indicator indicating said 1 to 20 diesel particulate filter elements are clogged when said maximum allowable backpressure is reached operating at said lower than expected engine load,
wherein when said bypass valve is closed, exhaust gas including particulate matter passes through said 1 to 20 diesel particulate filter elements and said diesel particulate filtration system removes at least 90 percent of said particulate matter from said exhaust gas, and
when said bypass valve is open, a portion of said exhaust gas passes through said 1 to 20 diesel particulate filter elements and a remainder of said exhaust gas passes through said bypass valve without the benefit of filtration wherein said diesel particulate filtration system removes at least 40 percent of said particulate matter from said exhaust gas.

US Pat. No. 10,428,704

OIL FILTER ANTI-ROTATION LOCK FOR AN ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An oil filter system for use with a lubricating system of an engine, the oil filter system comprising:an oil filter attachment base having a first side and a second side, said oil filter attachment base being attached to an engine;
an oil filter having a lower end, said lower end removably attached to said first side of said oil filter attachment base;
a ratchet ring gear attached to one of said lower end of said oil filter or said first side of said oil filter attachment base; and
a ratchet pawl assembly pivotably attached to the other of said lower end of said oil filter or said first side of said oil filter attachment base,
wherein said ratchet pawl assembly engages said ratchet ring gear.

US Pat. No. 10,428,702

VALVE DRIVE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Mahle International GmbH,...

1. A valve drive for an internal combustion engine, the valve drive comprising:a camshaft including at least one cam group non-rotatably fixed on the camshaft, the at least one cam group including a first cam and a second cam axially adjacent to the first cam;
at least one cam follower drive-connected to the first cam when in a first position and to the second cam when in a second position;
at least one adjusting device including a first adjustable engagement element and a second adjustable engagement element;
the first engagement element comprising a pin that interacts with a first guide arranged on the camshaft and the second engagement element comprising a pin that interacts with a second guide arranged on the camshaft, the first engagement element and the second engagement element being alternately adjustable between a basic position and a switching position;
wherein, in the basic position, the first engagement element does not contact the first guide and, in the switching position, the first engagement element interacts with the first guide;
wherein, in the basic position, the second engagement element does not contact the second guide and, in the switching position, the second engagement element interacts with the second guide;
at least one control shaft including at least one control cam group, the at least one control cam group including a first control cam fixed on the at least one control shaft and a second control cam fixed on the at least one control shaft; and
wherein the at least one control shaft is rotatably mounted about a longitudinal axis, the first control cam includes at least one idle region and at least one stop region corresponding to the first engagement element, the second control cam includes at least one idle region and at least one stop region corresponding to the second engagement element, and wherein when the at least one control shaft is rotated, the at least one stop region of the first control cam adjusts the first engagement element from the basic position into the switching position and the at least one stop region of the second control cam adjusts the second engagement element from the basic position into the switching position in succession.

US Pat. No. 10,428,701

VALVE DRIVE FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Mahle International GmbH,...

1. A valve drive for an internal combustion engine, the valve drive comprising:a cam shaft including at least one cam group mounted to the cam shaft in a rotationally fixed manner, the at least one cam group including a first cam and a second cam axially adjacent to the first cam;
at least one cam follower, wherein, in a first position, the at least one cam follower is drivingly connected to the first cam and, in a second position, to the second cam;
at least one adjusting device, the at least one adjusting device including a first adjustable engagement element and a second adjustable engagement element;
wherein the first engagement element comprises a pin cooperating with a first guide arranged on the cam shaft and the second engagement element comprises a pin cooperating with a second guide arranged on the cam shaft;
wherein the first engagement element and the second engagement element are alternately adjustable between an initial position and a switching position;
wherein the first engagement element does not contact the first guide when in the initial position and cooperates with the first guide when in the switching position;
wherein the second engagement element does not contact the second guide when in the initial position and cooperates with the second guide when in the switching position;
at least one control shaft, the at least one control shaft including at least one control cam group, the at least one control cam group including a first control cam mounted to the at least one control shaft and a second control cam mounted to the at least one control shaft, the first control cam including a cam lobe corresponding to the first engagement element and the second control cam including a cam lobe corresponding to the second engagement element; and
wherein the at least one control shaft is rotatable about a longitudinal axis between a starting position and a rotational position such that in the rotational position the first engagement element adjusts into the switching position via the cam lobe of the first control cam, and the second engagement element adjusts into the switching position via the cam lobe of the second control cam in an alternating manner.

US Pat. No. 10,428,700

HIGHLY WEAR-RESISTANT VALVE SEAT FOR USE IN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

NIPPON PISTON RING CO., L...

1. A wear-resistant valve seat insert for an internal combustion engine, comprising:two integrated layers, made by a sintered body,
wherein a first layer of said two integrated layers, on the valve-contacting face side of the valve seat insert, has a matrix part composition that contains
C: 0.3 to 2.0% by mass, one or more selected from the group consisting of Co, Si, Ni, Mo, Cr, Mn, S, W, and V at 70% by mass or less in total, and the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities, and
a matrix part structure which contains hard-particles at from 10 to 65% by mass with respect to a total amount of the layer on the valve-contacting face side and disperses the hard-particles at 1000 particles/mm2 or more,
wherein the hard-particles are Co-based intermetallic compound particles having a Vickers hardness HV0.1 of from 500 to 1200 HV, and
wherein a second layer of said two integrated layers, on the seating face side of the valve seat insert, has a matrix part composition that contains
C: 0.3 to 2.0% by mass, one or more selected from the group consisting of Mo, Si, Ni, Cr, Mn, S, W and V, at 10% by mass or less in total, and the balance being Fe and unavoidable impurities.

US Pat. No. 10,428,699

PIVOT BEARING OF A HYDRAULIC CLEARANCE COMPENSATION ELEMENT

1. A pivot bearing of a hydraulic clearance compensation element, the pivot bearing comprising:a first part projecting in an axial direction (a) with a surface that is convex at least in some sections, the first part being partially formed as a ball, and
a second part with a surface that is concave at least in some sections for at least partially holding the first part,
the second part surrounds the ball with an undercut in the axial direction (a), and an opening of the second part provided for holding the ball has, viewed in the axial direction (a), a non-circular contour.

US Pat. No. 10,428,697

FLUID DIVERTER

1. A fluid diverter comprising:a cylindrical body defining a first fluid passage extending from a first axial end of the cylindrical body and a second fluid passage circumferentially offset from the first fluid passage and extending from a second axial end of the cylindrical body, and a seepage orifice defined in the cylindrical body providing a fluid communication path between the first axial end and the second axial end; and
an extension arm extending axially from the cylindrical body and including a locating receptacle dimensioned to receive a fixing element to rotationally and axially fix the fluid diverter.

US Pat. No. 10,428,696

ELECTROMAGNETIC ACTUATOR HAVING CLAMPING-FREE TAPPETS

1. An actuator device comprising a first tappet and a second tappet, with the first tappet being arranged in a displaceable fashion in a first guide sleeve and the second tappet in a second guide sleeve, with the first tappet being surrounded at least sectionally along its longitudinal axis by a first return spring and the second tappet at least sectionally along its longitudinal axis by a second return spring, and with the two guide sleeves being arranged at a fixed distance from each other, wherein the first return spring represents a coil spring wound in the left direction and the second return spring represents a coil spring wound in the right direction.

US Pat. No. 10,428,692

TURBINE CENTER FRAME FAIRING ASSEMBLY

General Electric Company,...

1. A fairing assembly, comprising:a frame hub which is spaced radially inwardly from a casing;
a metal strut extending from said frame hub radially outwardly toward said casing; and
a fairing formed of a low coefficient of thermal expansion material having a different rate of thermal expansion than the metal strut, said fairing extending between said casing and said hub and disposed over said metal strut;
wherein said fairing is biased in a radial direction by a flexing bracket which compensates for relative thermal growth between said fairing and one of said frame hub and said casing.

US Pat. No. 10,428,689

HEAT SHIELD FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

1. A subassembly for a gas turbine engine having a longitudinal engine axis, the subassembly comprising:a carrier having one or more support features to couple to a casing of the engine, the carrier including a downstream end and an upstream end, the upstream end of the carrier including a radially inward arm extending toward the engine axis; and
a radially floating heat shield including an outer end and an inner end, the outer end of the heat shield coupled to the radially inward arm via a joint configured to allow movement of the heat shield relative to the radially inward arm, wherein the heat shield includes a first leg and a second leg, wherein the second leg is spaced from the first leg by a bap formed to receive the radially inward arm.

US Pat. No. 10,428,688

TURBINE RING ASSEMBLY COMPRISING A COOLING AIR DISTRIBUTION ELEMENT

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. Turbine ring assembly comprising a plurality of ring segments made of ceramic matrix composite material or of metal material forming a turbine ring and a ring support structure, each ring segment having, along a cutting plane defined by an axial direction and a radial direction of the turbine ring, a part forming an annular base with, in the radial direction of the turbine ring, an internal face defining the internal face of the turbine ring and an external face from which extend a first and a second attachment tabs, the ring support structure comprising a first and a second radial tabs between which are held the first and second attachment tabs of each ring segment, as well as a plurality of cooling air supply orifices,the turbine ring assembly further comprising, for each ring segment, a cooling air distribution element fixed to the ring support structure and positioned in a first cavity delimited between the turbine ring and the ring support structure, said distribution element comprising a body defining an internal cooling air distribution volume and comprising a multi-perforated plate communicating with the internal cooling air distribution volume and emerging in a second cavity delimited between the turbine ring and the multi-perforated plate, the distribution element further comprising at least one cooling air guiding portion extending from the body and defining an internal channel communicating with one of the cooling air supply orifices and emerging in the internal cooling air distribution volume,
wherein the turbine ring assembly comprises, for each ring segment, at least three pins for radially holding the ring segment in position, at least two of the pins cooperating with one of the first or second attachment tabs of the ring segment and the corresponding first or second radial tab of the ring support structure, and at least one of the pins cooperating with the other attachment tab of the ring segment and the corresponding radial tab of the ring support structure, the first radial tab comprising a first annular radial portion secured to the ring support structure and a removable second annular radial portion extending radially towards the center of the turbine ring beyond said first annular radial portion, the part of the second annular radial portion extending beyond the first annular radial portion comprising first orifices for receiving one of said pins,
and wherein the removable second annular radial portion comprises, for each ring segment, at least one second and one third orifices each receiving an added element, the added element received in the at least one second orifice passing through the first annular radial portion and the added element received in the at least one third orifice being housed in an orifice defined by the at least one cooling air guiding portion of the cooling air distribution element so as to ensure the fixing of said distribution element to the ring support structure.

US Pat. No. 10,428,684

TURBINE AIRFOIL WITH ADDITIVE MANUFACTURED REINFORCEMENT OF THERMOPLASTIC BODY

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A component for a gas turbine engine comprising:an airfoil body formed of a plastic;
a reinforcement portion, said reinforcement portion having webs formed of a metallic material and extending into said airfoil body; and
wherein said airfoil body having a passage and a shaft on said reinforcement portion extending through said passage.

US Pat. No. 10,428,678

DEVICE OF A TURBOMACHINE FOR ACTUATING A SETTING DEVICE AND TURBOMACHINE WITH SUCH A DEVICE

1. A device for actuating a setting device for varying a flow cross-section of a flow channel of a turbomachine, comprising:a displacement mechanism including a centrifugal force appliance and an adjustable actuation appliance that is connected between the centrifugal force appliance and the setting device,
a drive device including a rotational portion operatively connected to the centrifugal force appliance for rotationally driving the centrifugal force appliance at a rotational speed independently of a rotational speed of the turbomachine,
wherein the centrifugal force appliance is displaceable between a basic position and a maximally displaced working position depending on the rotational speed of the rotational portion,
wherein displacement of the centrifugal force appliance causes displacement of the actuation appliance and the setting device,
a reset device configured to apply a biasing force to the centrifugal force appliance, by which the centrifugal force appliance is biased in a direction of the basic position,
wherein the biasing force causes the centrifugal force appliance to return to the basic position upon a failure of the drive device and thereby move the setting device to a safe position corresponding to the basic position.

US Pat. No. 10,428,675

SYSTEM FOR THE ACTIVE SETTING OF A RADIAL CLEARANCE SIZE AND AIRCRAFT ENGINE WITH A SYSTEM FOR THE ACTIVE SETTING OF A RADIAL CLEARANCE SIZE

1. A system for an active setting of a radial clearance dimension between a blade tip of at least one chosen from a compressor stage and a turbine stage of an aircraft engine, and a housing surrounding the at least one chosen from the compressor stage and the turbine stage, the system comprising:a model-based setting device configured and programmed for:
approximating the radial clearance dimension using an influencing variable with a time-dependent deformation behavior equal to or slower than a time-dependent deformation behavior of the housing,
including:
a previously saved radial clearance proportion determined at a maximal thrust of the aircraft engine, and
a radial clearance dimension set point based on the radial clearance dimension in a cold state,
calculating a reduced radial clearance dimension from the radial clearance dimension set point using the previously saved radial clearance proportion,
calculating a control variable for controlling a cooling system of the at least one chosen from the compressor stage and the turbine stage based on the reduced radial clearance dimension, and
controlling the cooling system based on the control variable.

US Pat. No. 10,428,672

FLOATING, NON-CONTACT SEAL AND DIMENSIONS THEREOF

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A seal comprising:a support ring having a first axial support ring end and a second axial support ring end;
a shoe having a circumferentially extending length and an axially extending width, the axially extending width extending between a first axial shoe end and a second axial shoe end; and
at least two beams, each having an axially extending width that extends between a first axial beam end and a second axial beam end, each beam having a first circumferential end and a second circumferential end;
wherein the second circumferential end of each beam is connected to a first member that is connected to the shoe, and the first circumferential end of each beam is connected to a second member that is connected to the support ring and wherein the first and second axial beam ends of each beam extend from the first member to the second member;
wherein the first axial beam end of each beam is disposed axially outside of the first axial shoe end of the shoe and the second axial beam end of each beam is disposed axially inside of the first axial shoe end of the shoe; and
wherein the first axial beam end of each beam extends axially beyond the first axial support ring end with respect to the second axial support ring end.

US Pat. No. 10,428,671

SEALING ATTACHMENT FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

1. A wall component for a gas turbine engine, the wall component comprising:a gas facing surface forming a boundary for a main gas path; and
a male part of a male-female sealing attachment, the male part including:
a main body having a first arm and a second arm, the first arm and the second arm extending from the main body in a common direction, the first arm being disposed on an opposite side of the second arm with respect to a mid-line plane, the first arm and the second arm each having a convex curve with respect to the mid-line plane, the first arm having a first contact portion and the second arm having a second contact portion each formed at a location of the respective first arm and the second arm that is a maximum distance from the mid-line plane, and
an end cap formed on a distal end of the first arm and on a distal end of the second arm with respect to the main body, the end cap having an end convex curve that is distinct from the convex curves of the first arm and the second arm.

US Pat. No. 10,428,670

INGESTION SEAL

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. An arrangement of a rotating component and a stationary component of a gas turbine engine, comprising:a rotating component;
a stationary component positioned to define an actual gap between the rotating component and the stationary component; and
a flow restriction feature formed as a hook feature in the stationary component, the flow restriction feature configured to induce a recirculation flow at the actual gap, thereby defining an effective gap between the rotating component and the stationary component to reduce a leakage flow therebetween, while maintaining the actual gap greater than the effective gap;
wherein the actual gap is a radial gap defined between a first axially-extending surface of the rotating component and a second axially-extending surface of the stationary component, the second axially-extending surface disposed radially outboard of the first axially-extending surface, the first axially-extending surface terminating at a first corner, the second axially-extending surface and the flow restriction feature defining a second corner at the intersection thereof, the first corner extending axially into an area defined by the flow restriction feature, beyond the second corner;
wherein, in a direction of leakage flow from a hot gas path to the actual gap, the flow restriction feature is disposed between the hot gas path and the actual gap.

US Pat. No. 10,428,668

VANE SEGMENT WITH PERIPHERAL SECURING

MTU Aero Engines AG, Mun...

1. A guide vane segment for an aircraft gas turbine, comprising at least a radially outer shroud and a radially inner shroud, which extend along a respective circular arc and together form a ring segment, wherein, in the radial direction, between the outer shroud and the inner shroud, a plurality of guide vanes are arranged in the peripheral direction next to one another, the vanes being materially joined with the inner shroud and the outer shroud, joined in one piece, wherein the outer shroud, in an axial longitudinal direction, comprises an axially forward or leading end face element and an axially rear or trailing end face element, such that the outer shroud and the two end faces form a tub-shaped profile in longitudinal section, wherein a reinforcement rib assigned to each guide vane is formed on the outer shroud and extends between the two end faces, wherein at least two securing ribs arranged next to one another are formed on the trailing end face for at least one guide vane,wherein a gap is delimited by the two securing ribs in the circumferential direction, and
wherein a width of the gap decreases radially from the outside to the inside such that the gap tapers radially from the outside to the inside.

US Pat. No. 10,428,667

MACHINING PROCESS FOR MULTI-VANE NOZZLE

SAFRAN AIRCRAFT ENGINES, ...

1. Method for machine finishing a shape of a blank casting for a multi-vane member of a turbine engine, the blank casting comprising at least:one first vane and one second vane extending substantially in a radial direction between a radially inner wall and a radially outerwall,
a suction face of the first vane defining, together with a pressure face and a trailing edge of the second vane, a cross section of flow,
the method comprising measuring, by means of probing, a position of predefined points on said radially inner and radially outer walls, on the suction face of the first vane and the pressure face of the second face and calculating a machining allowance on the suction face of the first vane and a machining allowance on the pressure face of the second vane with respect to a theoretical profile at said points,
the method further includes calculating said cross section of flow from based on a height of a duct between said radially inner and radially outer walls and values of the machining allowances, and finish machining the machining allowance on one of the vanes when the calculated value of the cross section of flow is outside predefined tolerances.

US Pat. No. 10,428,665

CMC THERMAL CLAMPS

General Electric Company,...

13. A gas turbine, comprising:a compressor;
a combustion section;
a turbine;
a first component;
a second component positioned adjacent to the first component; and
a clamping assembly defining a longitudinal direction, a transverse direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction, and a vertical direction orthogonal to the longitudinal and transverse directions, wherein the clamping assembly comprises:
a shaft;
a first plurality of clamps; and
a second plurality of clamps, each of the first plurality of clamps and the second plurality of clamps comprising:
a first wall defining a first end and a second end each separated along the transverse direction;
a second wall extending outwardly along the vertical direction from the first wall in a first direction from the first end; and
a third wall extending outwardly along the vertical direction from the first wall from the second end in a second direction opposite of the first direction;
wherein each of the first walls of each adjacent pair of the first plurality of clamps is longitudinally spaced apart by one of the second plurality of clamps;
wherein the second walls of the first plurality of clamps are transversely spaced apart from the second walls of the second plurality of clamps; and
wherein the shaft is positioned in a first slot collectively defined by the first walls and the second walls of the first plurality of clamps and the second plurality of clamps and the first component and the second component are positioned in a second slot collectively defined by the first walls and the third walls of the first plurality of clamps and the second plurality of clamps.

US Pat. No. 10,428,664

NOZZLE FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

General Electric Company,...

1. A nozzle assembly for a gas turbine engine having a compressor, a combustor, and a turbine contained within a casing, the nozzle assembly comprising:at least one pair of static vanes having roots and tips radially supported by an inner band and an outer band, respectively, and defining a turbine nozzle between the pair of static vanes, with at least one of the static vanes having an interior chamber; and
a cooling circuit, comprising:
a cooling circuit inlet fluidly coupled to the interior chamber;
a scavenge flow outlet fluidly coupled to the interior chamber;
a cleaned flow outlet fluidly coupled to the interior chamber; and
a virtual impactor located within the interior chamber and comprising:
a first portion fluidly coupled to the cooling circuit inlet and a second portion fluidly coupled to the scavenge flow outlet and spaced from the first portion to define a physical gap between the first and second portions, with the gap having a first gap portion fluidly coupled to the cleaned flow outlet;
a flow accelerator located in the first portion and having an accelerator inlet and an accelerator outlet, which is smaller in cross-sectional area than the accelerator inlet, with the accelerator outlet opening into the gap; and
a particle collector located in the second portion and having a collector inlet opening into a second gap portion of the gap and a collector outlet fluidly coupled to the scavenge flow outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,428,662

RETENTION DEVICE

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A retention device for applying a radial force to a component within a slot, the device comprising:a body having an outer surface for facing the component, the outer surface comprising a recess having a recess base; and
a spring element having a contact surface for contacting the component and a first mounting portion for mounting the spring element within the recess,
wherein:
the recess base comprises a first ramped surface, which extends from a lower end proximal a first lateral end of the body to an upper end, and a second ramped surface having a lower end and an upper end, the first ramped surface and the second ramped surface being axially aligned and extending axially or laterally within the recess and the lower end of the second ramped surface being proximal the upper end of the first ramped surface;
the spring element comprises a second mounting portion that mounts the spring element on the second ramped surface such that the second mounting portion slides along the second ramped surface toward the upper end of the second ramped surface; and
the first mounting portion mounts the spring element on the first ramped surface such that the first mounting portion slides along an entirety of the first ramped surface towards the upper end of the first ramped surface to increase a distance between the contact surface and the outer surface of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,428,660

HYBRID AIRFOIL COOLING

United Technologies Corpo...

1. An airfoil, comprising:an airfoil body having a leading edge and a trailing edge;
a heat pipe disposed within the airfoil, the heat pipe including a vaporization section and a condensation section, the vaporization section disposed within the airfoil body and configured to remove heat from the trailing edge; and
a second cooling apparatus disposed within the airfoil body and configured to remove heat from the leading edge,
wherein the condensation section is disposed radially outward from the airfoil body and in a path of a cooling airflow, and
wherein the second cooling apparatus comprises a cooling chamber defining a cooling path within the airfoil body, the cooling path configured to receive the cooling airflow.

US Pat. No. 10,428,659

CROSSOVER HOLE CONFIGURATION FOR A FLOWPATH COMPONENT IN A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A flowpath component for a gas turbine engine comprising:a leading edge;
a trailing edge connected to the leading edge via a first surface and a second surface;
an impingement cavity internal to the flowpath component, the impingement cavity being aligned with one of the leading edge and the trailing edge and including at least one stagnated flow zone;
a cooling passage extending at least partially through the flowpath component and including at least one of an axial to radial flow bend, relative to an axis defined by the gas turbine engine, and a radial to axial bend, relative to the axis defined by the gas turbine engine;
a plurality of crossover holes connecting said cooling passage to said impingement cavity;
at least one crossover hole of said plurality of crossover holes being aligned normal to an expected direction of fluid flow through said cooling passage;
at least one crossover hole of said plurality of crossover holes being disposed at the at least one of the axial to radial flow bend and the radial to axial flow bend and configured to direct cooling flow from the cooling passage into the at least one stagnated flow zone;
wherein the at least one crossover hole of said plurality of crossover holes includes an outlet connected to one of a radially innermost end of the impingement cavity, relative to a radius of the gas turbine engine, and a radially outermost end of the impingement cavity, relative to the radius of the gas turbine engine; and
wherein each stagnated flow zone in the at least one stagnated flow zone is a local region where an effect of impingement cooling flow and backside convective heat transfer is minimal absent an effect of the at least one crossover hole disposed at the at least one of the axial to radial flow bend and the radial to axial flow bend.

US Pat. No. 10,428,658

AIRFOIL WITH PANEL FASTENED TO CORE STRUCTURE

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. An airfoil comprising:a core structure including a first fastener comprising a hole; and
a panel fastened to the core structure, the panel having an exterior, gas path side and an opposed interior side, the interior side including a second fastener comprising a tab locked with the hole such that the core structure supports the panel, the tab including a retainer locking the tab with the hole, and the retainer is a cotter pin.

US Pat. No. 10,428,657

METHOD FOR REPAIRING A BLADE

1. A method for repairing a blade in a gas turbine engine comprising:identifying a damage in one of a leading edge and a trailing edge of an airfoil of the blade;
forming a cutback around the damage in the one of the leading edge and trailing edge, the cutback shaped to comprise at least a pair of fillets r1 and r2 in the one of the leading edge and trailing edge on opposite ends of the cutback, a depth d from the one of the leading edge and trailing edge, and a length l along the one of the leading edge and the trailing edge, a radius of each of the fillets r1 and r2 being shorter than the length l.

US Pat. No. 10,428,654

CUTTER HEAD FOR MICROWAVE PRESPLITTING TYPE HARD-ROCK TUNNEL BORING MACHINE

NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY, ...

1. A cutter head for a microwave presplitting type hard-rock tunnel boring machine, wherein the cutter head defines an outer circumference near an outer periphery thereof and an inner circumference near an axis thereof, a diameter of the outer circumference is greater than that of the inner circumference, a plurality of microwave transmitting ports are formed in a front surface of the cutter head, a wave-transparent protection plate is mounted at external-end holes of the microwave transmitting ports, internal-end holes of the microwave transmitting ports communicate with the cutter head, a plurality of microwave generating mechanisms are arranged in the cutter head, and the microwave generating mechanisms are the same in number as the microwave transmitting ports and are in one-to-one correspondence; the microwave generating mechanisms are distributed in the cutter head in one of two distribution manners, wherein a first distribution manner is as follows: the microwave generating mechanisms are uniformly arranged in the cutter head; a second distribution manner is as follows: the microwave generating mechanisms are the same in number as hobbing cutters on the cutter head and are arranged in one-to-one correspondence, one microwave generating mechanism and the microwave transmitting port corresponding to the microwave generating mechanism are arranged beside each hobbing cutter; and when the microwave generating mechanisms are distributed in the cutter head in the first distribution manner, all the microwave generating mechanisms have the same microwave radiation power, and the number of the microwave generating mechanisms on the outer circumference and the inner circumference of the cutter head is calculated according to the following formula:
wherein QR is a total microwave energy radiated by the microwave generating mechanisms on the outer circumference when the cutter head rotates by an angle of ?, Qr is a total microwave energy radiated by the microwave generating mechanisms on the inner circumference when the cutter head rotates by the angle of ?, LR is an arc length that the microwave generating mechanisms rotate on the outer circumference when the cutter head rotates by the angle of ?, Lr is an arc length that the microwave generating mechanisms rotate on the inner circumference when the cutter head rotates by the angle of ?, P is a microwave radiation power of each of the microwave generating mechanisms, T is a microwave radiation time of each of the microwave generating mechanisms, R is a radius of the outer circumference of the cutter head, r is a radius of the inner circumference of the cutter head, NR is the number of the microwave generating mechanisms on the outer circumference of the cutter head, Nr is the number of the microwave generating mechanisms on the inner circumference of the cutter head, and ? is a rotation angle of the cutter head.

US Pat. No. 10,428,651

CUTTING APPARATUS USING A CLEARING ARRANGEMENT

SANDVIK INTELLECTUAL PROP...

1. A cutting unit for use with a cutting apparatus suitable for creating tunnels or subterranean roadways and the like, the cutting unit comprising:a cutting arm configured for pivotal movement around at least one pivot axis:
a cutting head mounted to the cutting arm, the cutting head including at least one rotatable cutting element for detaching material from a rock face; and
a clearing arrangement mounted to the cutting arm, wherein the clearing arrangement includes a clearing blade arranged to push detached rock material onto a loading table of the cutting apparatus, the clearing blade being guided by a first guiding mechanism allowing for free movement of the clearing blade in a first direction, the first guiding mechanism including one or more slide shoes allowing for free linear movement of the clearing blade in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,428,650

LAUNCH PLATFORM FOR HIGH WALL MINING

1. A system of high wall mining of a coal seam using continuous mining machines and conveyor cars, comprising:a launch platform including a first track and a second track for supporting the mining machines and conveyor cars;
a first target for a first mine entry aligned with the second track; and
a second target for a second mine entry aligned with the first track;
a transfer system for moving conveyor cars between the first track and the second track,
and further comprising a peg portion of the launch platform,
wherein the peg portion of the launch platform is capable of adjusting the width between the first track and the second track.

US Pat. No. 10,428,648

DOWNHOLE FORMATION FLUID VISCOMETER SENSOR

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A downhole formation fluid viscometer sensor comprising:a generally cylindrical housing;
a flexible diaphragm disposed on the generally cylindrical housing;
a first magnet attached to the flexible diaphragm within the cylindrical housing;
a first cavity adjacent the flexible diaphragm for housing the first magnet;
a pressure balance hole connecting the first cavity to an external environment;
a second magnet disposed a predefined distance from the first magnet within the cylindrical housing;
an electric coil disposed around the second magnet within the cylindrical housing so as to drive the first magnet when the electric coil is energized;
a second cavity adjacent the first cavity for housing the second magnet and the electric coil; and
a signal pickup assembly disposed within the housing and configured to pick up signals representing diaphragm vibrations from the first magnet, wherein the electric coil forms part of the signal pickup assembly;
wherein an induced eddy current from the first magnet provides the signals representing diaphragm vibrations to the second magnet and the electric coil.

US Pat. No. 10,428,645

INTEGRATED METHOD OF DETERMINING AND REPAIRING DAMAGE IN A WELL CASING

King Fahd University of P...

1. An integrated method of determining and repairing damage in a casing of a well, comprising:logging thickness of the casing along the depth of the well to obtain a thickness profile using a thickness measurement device selected from the group consisting of an ultrasonic caliper and an electromagnetic caliper;
logging temperature along the depth of the well to obtain a temperature log;
logging sound frequency along the depth of the well to obtain a noise log;
determining a location of the damage by identifying a depth in the thickness profile where the thickness is less than a predetermined thickness threshold;
determining the type of the damage by comparing the temperature log to a geothermal temperature log, and the sound frequency at the damage with a frequency threshold; and
injecting a polymer gel to the vicinity of the damage to repair the damage,
wherein the damage is determined to be a leak, when the temperature of the temperature log is constant or decreases relative to the geothermal temperature log with increasing depth along the vicinity of the damage, and
wherein the damage is determined to be corrosion, when the temperature of the temperature log increases relative to the geothermal temperature lou with increasing depth along the vicinity of the damage.

US Pat. No. 10,428,644

SOUND BAFFLE DEVICE AND SYSTEM FOR DETECTING ACOUSTIC SIGNALS

Hifi Engineering Inc., C...

1. A sound baffle device for use with an acoustic sensor deployed in a housing by a deployment line, the sound baffle device comprising:(a) a baffle plate, wherein the baffle plate is configured to reduce acoustic transmission between a first zone of the housing on one side of the baffle plate and a second zone of the housing on an opposite side of the baffle plate; and
(b) an affixing mechanism for affixing the baffle plate on the deployment line, wherein the affixing mechanism comprises a body configured to attach the baffle plate to the deployment line, wherein the body comprises a lower portion having a base, an upper portion having a base, and a leg portion extending between the base of the lower portion and the base of the upper portion, wherein a width of the leg portion is less than a width of the base of the lower portion and less than a width of the base of the upper portion, wherein the body comprises two or more sections and one or more fasteners for fastening the two or more sections together around the deployment line, wherein, when the two or more sections are fastened around the deployment line, the two or more sections define the lower portion, the upper portion, and the leg portion of the body, and wherein the baffle plate is attached to the leg portion and extends radially therefrom; and
(c) a baffle plate assembly for attaching the baffle plate to the body, wherein the baffle plate assembly releasably attaches the baffle plate to the body.

US Pat. No. 10,428,643

DOWNHOLE LINE DETECTION TECHNOLOGIES

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A method comprising:sending, using one or more processors, an electrical signal down an electric line that runs down an outside of a downhole casing of a wellbore;
obtaining, via the one or more processors and from one or more downhole sensors located at a downhole location inside the downhole casing, one or more measurements of a magnetic field sensed by the one or more downhole sensors and generated by a current of the electrical signal;
based on the one or more measurements, identifying, via the one or more processors, one or more characteristics associated with the magnetic field, the one or more characteristics comprising at least one of a magnetic field parameter, a frequency pattern associated with the electrical signal, and a current pattern associated with the electrical signal;
based on the one or more characteristics associated with the magnetic field, determining via the one or more processors, a first position of the electric line relative to at least one of the downhole casing and the one or more downhole sensors; and
based on the first position of the electric line, inferring, via the one or more processors, a second position of a non-electroconductive cable that runs alongside the electric line outside of the downhole casing of the wellbore.

US Pat. No. 10,428,642

TRANSPOSITION OF LOGS ONTO HORIZONTAL WELLS

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A computer-implemented method of predicting geomechanical properties of formations for fracturing operations, the method comprising:drilling a portion of a first well along a vertical well path in a geological formation;
collecting, by a downhole tool coupled to a drill string disposed in the first well, vertical situational data and geological data associated with each of a plurality of depths along the vertical well path of the first well drilled in the geological formation;
drilling a portion of a second well along a horizontal well path in the geological formation;
collecting, by a downhole tool coupled to a drill string disposed in the second well, horizontal situational data from each of a plurality of locations along the horizontal well path of the second well drilled in the geological formation;
mapping the geological data associated with each of the plurality of depths of the vertical well path of the first well to a corresponding location in the plurality of locations along the horizontal well path of the second well, based on the vertical situational data that corresponds to the horizontal situational data collected for each location;
generating pseudo-logs for the horizontal well path of the second well, based on the vertical situational data, the horizontal situational data, and the mapped geological data for each of the plurality of locations along the horizontal well path;
estimating geomechanical properties of the formation surrounding the horizontal well path of the second well, based on the generated pseudo-logs; and
performing one or more stages of a fracturing operation along the horizontal well path of the second well, based on the estimated geomechanical properties of the formation.

US Pat. No. 10,428,640

BOREHOLE MAPPING TOOL AND METHODS OF MAPPING BOREHOLES

15. A method of mapping a borehole, comprising:providing a borehole mapping tool comprising a location probe provided within an outer casing and at least one drilling fluid nozzle positioned on an end cap thereof, said outer casing sized to be received by the borehole;
positioning the borehole mapping tool within a first end of the borehole;
connecting the borehole mapping tool to a supply of drilling fluid so that drilling fluid is sprayed from the drilling fluid nozzle;
moving the borehole mapping tool within the borehole; and
producing a map of the borehole based on at least in part on data obtained from the location probe.

US Pat. No. 10,428,639

DETERMINING DAMAGE TO A CASING STRING IN A WELLBORE

Landmark Graphics Corpora...

1. A system comprising:a processing device; and
a memory device including instructions that are executable by the processing device for causing the processing device to:
determine, using a stiff string model, a contact point between a casing string and a well tool positionable within the casing string for performing a wellbore operation;
determine, using the stiff string model, a force of the well tool against the casing string at the contact point;
determine, based on the force and the wellbore operation, a volume of damage to the casing string proximate to the contact point; and
determine, based on the volume of damage, a first depth of a first groove formed in the casing string proximate to the contact point; and
cause a graphical user interface to be output on a display device, wherein the graphical user interface comprises:
a virtual representation of the casing string;
a first virtual object positioned proximate to the virtual representation of the casing string to indicate a first location of the first groove within an area of interest;
a virtual indicator of the first depth of the first groove; and
a second virtual object indicating a second location of a second groove within the area of interest, the second virtual object having a visual characteristic indicating that the second groove has a second depth that is different than the first depth.

US Pat. No. 10,428,637

SYSTEM AND CONSOLE FOR MONITORING AND MANAGING WELL SITE OPERATIONS

1. A system for monitoring a plurality of operations at a well site, comprising:a drill-string adapted to circulate drilling fluids in a well bore during well drilling or well construction activities, wherein said drilling fluids experience gains and losses during said well drilling or well construction activities;
a plurality of sensors to sample or detect parameters related to said well drilling or well construction activities, said plurality of sensors comprising surface sensors or downhole sensors or a combination thereof, said plurality of sensors further comprising a surface gas monitor, and a drilling fluid flow back volume monitor;
one or more computing devices adapted to receive parameter information in real time from said plurality of sensors, said one or more computing devices each further comprising a processor or microprocessor, said processor or microprocessor adapted to process the received parameter information to calculate derived parameter information;
one or more software agents having one or more fluid formulations applicable to said drilling fluid gains and losses, wherein said one or more fluid formulations include determining total gas volume versus time for a series of connections of pump on/off events, determining equivalent circulating density and equivalent static density resulting when mud pumps are switched from on to off and then to on again, and determining total mud flow back volume during connection events or when mud pumps are shut off;
at least one non-transitory computer-readable storage medium for storing some or all of said received parameter information and said derived parameters; and
a visual display, coupled to said one or more computing devices, for displaying some or all of the received parameter information and said derived parameter information for said at least one well site operation, wherein said visual display comprises a two-dimensional directional schematic showing a downhole portion of the well bore with true vertical depth and equivalent departure, said directional schematic including one or more of: casing or tubing assembly or assemblies, well logs, cementing, and bottom hole assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,428,636

SOLIDS CONTROL METHODS, APPARATUS AND SYSTEMS

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A method, comprising:creating a tortuous fluid flow path in a section of a wellbore to increase the separation of solids from fluid within the section of the wellbore, wherein creating the tortuous fluid flow path comprises inserting a weir assembly into the section of the wellbore, the weir assembly comprising a plurality of weirs,
wherein each weir of the plurality of weirs is angularly offset from any adjacent weirs and comprises a first wing and a second wing, and
wherein a majority of the first wing is nonparallel to a majority of the second wing.

US Pat. No. 10,428,635

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR REMOVING SAND FROM A WELLBORE

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY...

17. A method of producing from a wellbore comprising:transporting connate fluid from the wellbore that is produced from a production zone that surrounds a portion of the wellbore; and
forming a slurry by combining the particulate matter with a motive fluid injected into the wellbore, and using the motive fluid to rotate a perturbation element, so that a pressure of the motive fluid lifts particulate matter separated from the connate fluid to outside of the wellbore.

US Pat. No. 10,428,633

ENHANCING COMPLEX FRACTURE GEOMETRY IN SUBTERRANEAN FORMATIONS, SEQUENTIAL FRACTURING

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:(a) isolating a first treatment zone comprising a first opening through a wellbore and into a subterranean formation;
(b) introducing a high-viscosity treatment fluid (HVTF) into the subterranean formation through the first opening, the HVTF comprising a base fluid and a gelling agent, wherein the HVTF comprises a viscosity of about 20 cP to about 5,000 cP;
(c) applying incrementally increased fracturing rate steps (IIFRSs) to the HVTF to create or (c) enhance a dominate fracture, the IIFRSs each above a fracture gradient pressure, below a near-wellbore apparent fissure opening pressure, and below a far-field apparent fissure opening pressure,
wherein between each IIFRS a downhole pressure slope over time will increase, decline, or stabilize at a measured pressure slope;
(d) evaluating the measured pressure slope to determine whether an increasing pressure slope, a stabilizing pressure slope, or a declining pressure slope exists,
wherein if the stabilizing pressure slope or the declining pressure slope exists, a subsequent IIFRS is applied, wherein the stabilizing pressure slope exists when the measured pressure slope increases or decreases by about 50 psi/min or less at a stabilized rate, wherein the declining pressure slope exists when the measured pressure slope decreases by about greater than 50 psi/min at the stabilized rate, or
wherein if the increasing pressure slope exists, a decreased fracturing rate step (d1) or a constant rate is maintained until the stabilizing pressure slope exists, followed by applying the subsequent IIFRS, wherein the increasing pressure slope exists when the measured pressure slope increases by about greater than 50 psi/min at the stabilized rate;
(e) repeating one or more of steps (c) and (d) at the first treatment zone, thereby increasing a volume of the dominate fracture due to efficient dominate fracturing with generated back pressure until a maximum fracturing rate is reached;
(f) introducing a low-viscosity treatment fluid (LVTF) into the subterranean formation through the first opening at the first treatment zone at the maximum fracturing rate and at a pressure above the far-field apparent fissure opening pressure to create or enhance a secondary azimuth fracture extending from the dominate fracture, the LVTF comprising a second base fluid and particulates, wherein the LVTF comprises a viscosity of about 1 cP to about 20 cP,
and placing the particulates into at least one of the dominate fracture and/or the secondary azimuth fracture; and
(g) introducing a low-viscosity diversion fluid pill (LVDF pill) comprising a third base fluid and degradable particulates into the subterranean formation through the first opening at the first treatment zone to create a fluidic seal therein, wherein the LVDF pill comprises a viscosity of about 1 cP to about 20 cP.

US Pat. No. 10,428,632

METHOD, SYSTEM, AND OPTIMIZATION TECHNIQUE TO IMPROVE OIL RESERVOIR RECOVERY IN THE WATER-ALTERNATING-GAS INJECTION PROCESS BY USING DOWNHOLE CONTROL VALVES (WAG-CV)

LANDMARK GRAPHICS CORPORA...

1. A system for Water-Alternating-Gas (WAG) injection for Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) comprising:a mechanical well to enable multi-point selective injection for water and gas via a plurality of injection points along the mechanical well, wherein the mechanical well includes a first system for delivery of water and a second system for delivery of gas, a horizontal section of the mechanical well includes perforations for the delivery of water and gas, and the horizontal section is divided into subsections corresponding to the plurality of injection points by isolation packers such that a first subsection of the subsections delivers water while a second subsection of the subsections adjacent to the first subsection delivers gas; and
an optimization engine to calculate reservoir flow dynamics and selectively inject at least one of water or gas via each of the plurality of injection points along the mechanical well according to the calculated reservoir flow dynamics.

US Pat. No. 10,428,631

SUBTERRANEAN FORMATION METHODS AND APPARATUS

HALLIBURTON MANUFACTURING...

1. A method comprising the steps of:determining a combination of a drawdown pressure at a wellbore and an exertive force to apply at the wellbore that a provide a particular permeability of a near wellbore formation in the wellbore;
selecting the drawdown pressure of the determined combination to modify operations at a subterranean formation; and
selecting the exertive force of the determined combination;
a selection of one or both of the exertive force and the drawdown pressure being based on a downhole environment at the wellbore;
applying the exertive force together with the drawdown pressure at the wellbore to modify operations at a subterranean formation;
applying a first pressure through a base pipe, prior to applying the exertive force, to a fluid pressure-responsive valve arrangement to provide fluid communication with an activation chamber arranged at the subterranean formation;
applying a second pressure, different than the first pressure, through the base pipe, to the fluid pressure-responsive valve arrangement to activate the activation chamber to apply the exertive force; and
applying a third pressure through the base pipe, while applying the exertive force, the third pressure force lower than the second pressure to the fluid pressure-responsive valve arrangement to thereby move a closure member of the valve arrangement under the bias of a biasing mechanism to position the closure member to both prohibit fluid communication between the base pipe and activation chamber, and also establish fluid communication from the subterranean formation to the base pipe through the valve arrangement;
wherein movement of the closure member under the bias of a biasing mechanism includes moving a sliding sleeve with a spring to cover at least one first port in fluid communication with the activation chamber to thereby prohibit fluid communication between the base pipe and activation chamber and additionally to uncover at least one second port in fluid communication with an exterior of the base pipe to thereby establish fluid communication from the subterranean formation to the base pipe through the valve arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,428,630

APPARATUS, SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR LIVE WELL ARTIFICIAL LIFT COMPLETION

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method of live well artificial lift completion comprising:hanging an umbilical on a wellhead of a live well, the umbilical fluidly coupling a production pump to a well surface and electrically coupling an electric motor to a surface power source, the electric motor powering the production pump, the umbilical comprising:
coiled tubing surrounded by a jacket; and
power cables extruded inside the jacket to form a smooth jacket outer surface;
creating a pressure seal inside the umbilical during deployment of the umbilical into the live well, the pressure seal inside the umbilical created using a blowout plug positioned to block a discharge of the production pump; and
forming an annular pressure seal during deployment of the production pump to obtain well control, the annular pressure seal formed using an annular bag coupled to the wellhead.

US Pat. No. 10,428,626

PRODUCTION ESTIMATION IN SUBTERRANEAN FORMATIONS

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method, comprising:performing a hydraulic fracturing operation to stimulate a reservoir; obtaining data that characterizes the stimulated reservoir or from which the stimulated reservoir can be characterized, wherein a tool for obtaining the data comprises a pore pressure measurement tool that measures pore pressure;
using a neural net that employs Bayesian statistics to predict the production of the stimulated reservoir, wherein the neural net uses a field scale 3-D reservoir model incorporating the obtained data and the pore pressure, wherein the obtained data are selected from a group consisting of attributes inverted from seismic data, regional geology, well logs, and microseismic data, wherein the inverted attributes include one or more of elastic properties, reservoir properties, and azimuthal anisotropy properties, and wherein the seismic data is prestack seismic data;
producing 3-D volumes of elastic properties, reservoir properties, and fracture densities of the stimulated reservoir;
inputting the 3-D volumes of elastic properties and reservoir properties into a stress model, and predicting a 3-D stress state of a formation using an output of the stress model;
inputting the 3-D volumes of elastic properties and the 3-D stress state of the formation into a network fracture propagation model, and predicting a propped fracture surface area using an output of the network fracture propagation model;
and performing additional hydraulic fracturing operations in new wells in the stimulated reservoir.

US Pat. No. 10,428,625

EXTENDED POWER SYSTEM FOR DOWNHOLE TOOLS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

11. A method for actuating a downhole tool, comprising:detecting, by a sensor, a first triggering condition;
transmitting power, by a first battery, to actuate the downhole tool to perform a first wellbore operation in response to the first triggering condition in a wellbore;
detecting, by the sensor, a second triggering condition, the second triggering condition occurring after the first triggering condition;
activating, by the first battery, a heat source of a second battery to actuate the second battery in response to the second triggering condition in the wellbore; and
transmitting power, by the second battery, to actuate the downhole tool to perform a second wellbore operation.

US Pat. No. 10,428,624

DOWNHOLE COMPLETION SYSTEM

Welltec Oilfield Solution...

1. A downhole completion system comprising:an intermediate casing arranged in a borehole having a top,
an outer production casing arranged at least partly within the intermediate casing defining a primary annulus therebetween,
a main barrier configured to provide a primary seal between the intermediate casing and the outer production casing, and
an inner production casing arranged at least partly within the outer production casing defining a secondary annulus therebetween,wherein the outer production casing comprises a first outer inductive coupling arranged below the main barrier in relation to the top, a first inner inductive coupling is arranged on an outer face of the inner production casing positioned substantially in the same horizontal level as the first outer inductive coupling for wireless transfer of communication signals and/or power therebetween, the first inner inductive coupling being connected to the top via a first electrical conductor, a second outer inductive coupling is arranged on an outer face of the outer production casing below the first outer inductive coupling and connected with the first outer inductive coupling via a second electrical conductor, and a second inner inductive coupling is arranged on the outer face of the inner production casing positioned substantially in the same horizontal level as the second outer inductive coupling for wireless transfer of communication signals and/or power therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,428,623

BALL DROPPING SYSTEM AND METHOD

BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPAN...

1. A ball dropping system, comprising:a ball retention feature;
an ejection arrangement blocked from activating in a first condition of the ball dropping system, activatable in a second condition of the ball dropping system, and activated to eject a ball from the ball dropping system that is releasably secured by the ball retention feature in a third condition of the ball dropping system; and,
a setting sleeve movable from a first position to a second position with respect to the ejection arrangement, the setting sleeve having the first position to block the ejection arrangement from activating in the first condition of the ball dropping system, and the setting sleeve movable to the second position to render the ejection arrangement activatable in the second condition of the ball dropping system.

US Pat. No. 10,428,621

CHOKE

Weatherford Technology Ho...

1. A choke adapted for downhole use in a subterranean well, the choke comprising:a conduit with a bore;
a first opening allowing fluid communication between an outside of the conduit and the choke;
a second opening allowing fluid communication between the choke and the bore of the conduit;
a flow path connecting the first and second openings;
a flow restrictor that is selectively adjustable to change a cross sectional area of the flow path through the choke, the flow restrictor comprising first and second cylindrical choke members, each of the first and second choke members incorporating a portion of the flow path;
wherein a first end of the first choke member abuts a second end of the second choke member;
wherein the first choke member is rotatable relative to the second choke member; and
wherein the first choke member is configured to be rotated by a shifting tool which is lowered into the bore of the conduit from a surface of the earth after the choke has been installed in the subterranean well.

US Pat. No. 10,428,618

ROTATIONAL MOTION-INDUCING VARIABLE FLOW RESISTANCE SYSTEMS HAVING A SIDEWALL FLUID OUTLET AND METHODS FOR USE THEREOF IN A SUBTERRANEAN FORMATION

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A variable flow resistance system comprising:a plurality of chambers connected in series fluid communication with one another, each chamber having a fluid inlet and a fluid outlet coupled thereto, each fluid inlet and fluid outlet being disposed on a sidewall of a respective chamber of the plurality of chambers;
wherein at least a first one of the plurality of chambers is cylindrical to-induce rotational motion of a fluid flowing therethrough and has a top that provides a top interior surface and a top exterior surface, a bottom that provides a bottom interior surface and a bottom exterior surface, and the cylindrical-sidewall, the sidewall being non-porous and coupled to and extending from the top exterior surface and to the bottom exterior surface, the cylindrical sidewall forming a cone-shaped fluid exit extending between the fluid inlet and the fluid outlet; and
wherein the fluid outlet of at least the first one of the plurality of chambers is coupled to the cone-shaped fluid exit to allow the fluid to exit of the chamber through the cylindrical sidewall via the cone-shaped fluid exit in a same direction as the fluid enters the fluid inlet, the fluid inlet of one or more of the plurality of chambers comprise a main flow pathway and a branch flow pathway; and
wherein the branch flow pathway is configured such that fluid entering the branch flow pathway does not undergo rotational motion or undergoes less rotational motion than fluid entering the main flow pathway.

US Pat. No. 10,428,617

PACKER

MORPHPACKERS LIMITED, Ab...

17. A method of setting morphable packer, comprising the steps:(a) locating a morphable packer in a string, the morphable, packer comprising a tubular member having a throughbore, the tubular member arranged to be run in and secured within a larger diameter generally cylindrical structure; the tubular member having first and second end sections and a central section therebetween; the central section including an anchoring arrangement, the anchoring arrangement comprising: a recess in the tubular body located circumferentially around an outer surface of the central section, the recess having opposing side walls which are each tapered from a bottom of the recess to the outer surface; and two gripping elements, each gripping element being substantially triangular in cross-section, comprising an outward facing surface adapted to grip, an inclined edge and an adjoining surface with the adjoining surfaces of each gripping element contacting each other; wherein the gripping elements are initially located within the recess and the inclined edges abuts one of the side walls of the recess;
(b) running the tubular string into a wellbore and positioning the morphable packer at a desired location within a larger diameter cylindrical structure;
(c) pumping fluid through the tubular string to cause the central portion of the tubular member to move radially outwardly and morph against an inner surface of the larger diameter structure; and
(d) using the morphing tubular member to move oppositely arranged abutting slips formed from the gripping elements in the anchoring arrangement radially outwardly by the morphing action to engage, grip and anchor to the larger diameter structure.

US Pat. No. 10,428,615

DEVICE FOR LINING OR OBTURATING A WELLBORE OR A PIPE

SALTEL INDUSTRIES, Bruz ...

1. A device for lining or obturating a wellbore or a pipe, said device comprising:a tubular radially expandable lining made of metal; and
at least one ring seal carried by said lining,
wherein the seal comprises at least one first part and second part each formed by a filament or a braid carried by said lining, the first and second parts being mounted spirally about the external surface of said lining on a single level, and being axially adjacent to one another along a longitudinal axis of the lining.

US Pat. No. 10,428,614

HORIZONTAL FRACTURING TREE

Cameron International Cor...

25. A method, comprising:routing fluid through a first branch passage in a first tree branch portion and a main passage in a tree portion of a fracturing tree between a main bore of a wellhead and at least one of a first plurality of fluid ports coupled to the first tree branch portion, wherein the main passage is mounted coaxial with the main bore of the wellhead, the first branch passage extends in a first lateral direction away from a central axis of the main passage toward the first plurality of fluid ports, the first plurality of fluid ports comprises a bottom fluid passage, the first tree branch portion is supported by a support structure at a position laterally offset away from the tree portion, the support structure is disposed at least partially directly under the bottom fluid passage and at least partially horizontally offset from the wellhead, and the support structure is configured to couple directly to the ground or to couple directly to the tree portion.

US Pat. No. 10,428,612

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR WITHDRAWING CORES FROM DRILLED HOLES

1. A core extracting device, comprising:a generally cylindrical outer casing;
a plurality of cutouts through the outer casing and spaced apart along a circumferential inner surface of the outer casing; and
an inner grabber snugly slidable along said circumferential inner surface between a release condition and a gripping condition engaging the core, the inner grabber comprising:
a spider plate;
a plurality of fingers perpendicularly extending downward from a periphery of the spider plate; and
a wedge provided along an outer surface of each finger of the plurality of fingers, wherein each wedge nests in a respective cutout of the plurality of cutouts in the release condition.

US Pat. No. 10,428,610

PASSIVELY MOTION COMPENSATED TUBING HANGER RUNNING TOOL ASSEMBLY

CHEVRON U.S.A. INC., San...

1. A tubing hanger running tool assembly comprising:a pressure containing slip joint comprising an inner mandrel and an outer mandrel located concentrically such that the inner mandrel and the outer mandrel can slide relative to each other providing compression and extension along a linear axis and comprising pressure containing seals located between the inner mandrel and the outer mandrel;
a tubing hanger running tool coupled to the pressure containing slip joint; and
a tubing hanger in an unactuated state coupled to a first end of the tubing hanger running tool that is opposite a second end of the tubing hanger running tool that is coupled to the pressure containing slip joint, wherein the tubing hanger running tool is configured to actuate the tubing hanger.

US Pat. No. 10,428,602

TOP DRIVE TORQUE MEASUREMENT DEVICE

WEATHERFORD TECHNOLOGY HO...

14. A top drive system for use with a tool for handling tubulars on a drilling rig, comprising:a motor unit;
a drive gear rotatably coupled to the motor unit, wherein the drive gear includes a bore for receiving the tool, and the drive gear is configured to transfer a torque load from the motor unit to the tool;
a sensing member disposed on the drive gear and configured to measure a magnetostrictive effect on the tool;
an evaluation unit connected to the sensing member and configured to calculate a magnitude of transferred torque based on the magnetostrictive effect; and
a positioning device coupled to the sensing member to move the sensing member between a retracted position and an extended position.

US Pat. No. 10,428,591

STRUCTURES FOR DRILLING A SUBTERRANEAN FORMATION

Baker Hughes Incorporated...

1. A structure for drilling a subterranean formation, comprising:at least one cutting element, comprising:
a substrate; and
a diamond table positioned on the substrate, the diamond table comprising:
a cutting face;
a first chamfer surface at a radial periphery of the diamond table;
a second chamfer surface located adjacent a radially innermost edge of the first chamfer surface, wherein a radial width of the second chamfer surface measured in a plane transverse to a longitudinal axis of the at least one cutting element is at least about twice a radial width of the first chamfer surface, the second chamfer surface being inclined at an angle less than an angle at which the first chamfer surface is inclined from a plane transverse to the longitudinal axis of the at least one cutting element;
a generally planar, flat surface of the cutting face located adjacent a radially innermost edge of the second chamfer surface;
a recessed surface of the cutting face located adjacent a radially innermost edge of the generally planar, flat surface of the cutting face, the recessed surface of the cutting face declining inward from the generally planar, flat surface of the cutting face;
an inclined surface of the cutting face located adjacent a radially innermost edge of the recessed surface of the cutting face, at least a portion of the inclined surface of the cutting face being recessed into the diamond table in relation to the generally planar, flat surface of the cutting face; and
a central protrusion located adjacent a radially innermost edge of the inclined surface of the cutting face, the central protrusion extending upward from the recessed surface of the cutting face.

US Pat. No. 10,428,590

CUTTING ELEMENTS FOR EARTH-BORING TOOLS AND EARTH-BORING TOOLS INCLUDING SUCH CUTTING ELEMENTS

Baker Hughes, a GE compan...

18. A cutting element for an earth-boring tool, comprising:a superabrasive table positioned on a substrate, the superabrasive table defining a cutting face of the cutting element, the superabrasive table comprising:
at least a portion of a lateral side surface of the cutting element;
a substantially planar surface of the cutting face; and
a plurality of concave recessed surfaces concentrically aligned in the cutting face of the superabrasive table and extending annularly about and encircling a central longitudinal axis of the cutting element.

US Pat. No. 10,428,589

POLYCRYSTALLINE DIAMOND COMPACT, AND RELATED METHODS AND APPLICATIONS

US SYNTHETIC CORPORATION,...

1. A rotary drill bit, comprising:a bit body configured to engage a subterranean formation; and
a plurality of polycrystalline diamond cutting elements affixed to the bit body, at least one of the polycrystalline diamond cutting elements including:
a substrate; and
a polycrystalline diamond table including an upper surface spaced from an interfacial surface that is bonded to the substrate, the polycrystalline diamond table including a plurality of diamond grains defining a plurality of interstitial regions, the polycrystalline diamond table further including an alloy comprising at least one Group VIII metal and at least one alloying element, the alloy including one or more solid solution phases and one or more intermediate compounds, wherein the one or more solid solution phases include the at least one Group VIII metal and the at least one alloying element, wherein the one or more intermediate compounds include the at least one Group VIII metal and the at least one alloying element, the alloy being disposed in at least a portion of the plurality of interstitial regions, the at least one alloying element exhibiting a concentration gradient between the upper surface and the interfacial surface that generally decreases with distance from the upper surface, wherein the plurality of diamond grains and the alloy of at least a portion of the polycrystalline diamond table collectively exhibit a coercivity of about 115 Oersteds or more.

US Pat. No. 10,428,578

DEVICE FOR PREVENTING FLOODING IN SLIDING PATIO DOORS

10. A method for preventing flooding under a sliding door, the method which comprises:providing a device having a base and a declined portion, said base being reshapeable to conform to at least one rail in a track, wherein the sliding door has an external surface and being configured to travel laterally within the track, and said declined portion being supported by and connected to said base, said declined portion having a declined outer surface;
placing said base in the track against the external surface of the sliding door, wherein an inner surface of said declined portion being configured to rest flush against the external face of the sliding door, while aligning said declined portion to decline from the external surface of the sliding door.

US Pat. No. 10,428,577

ARRANGEMENT AND METHOD FOR LOADING A CARGO SPACE AND APPARATUS FOR FORMING A PROTECTIVE WALL IN THE CARGO SPACE

Actiw Oy, Naarajarvi (FI...

1. An arrangement for loading a cargo space, comprising:a transfer apparatus including a gate;
a transfer element as part of the transfer apparatus, the transfer element including a front part, and the transfer element being arranged to move, together with load units to be arranged on top of the transfer element, into the cargo space and back out of the cargo space leaving the load units in the cargo space;
at least one curtain element for forming a protective wall between a structure defining the cargo space and the load units, the protective wall being formed by the transfer apparatus between the gate and the front part;
at least one reel means for reeling in the curtain element to a reeled-in position and discharging the curtain element from the reeled-in position by means of a movement effect created by the transfer element; and
a support, arranged in connection with the front part of the transfer element, to which one end of the protective wall is attached.

US Pat. No. 10,428,575

VENTED HINGE ASSEMBLY

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A hinge assembly for pivotably attaching a door to a monument, the hinge assembly comprising:a first monument piece including a first knuckle and a monument leaf attached to the first knuckle of the first monument piece and configured for coupling to the monument;
a second monument piece including a first knuckle and a monument leaf attached to the first knuckle of the second monument piece and configured for coupling to the monument, wherein the second monument piece is spaced apart from the first monument piece by a first distance;
a door piece including an intermediate door knuckle extending across the first distance, and a door leaf coupled to the intermediate door knuckle and configured for attachment to the door; and
a pin extending through the first knuckle of the first monument piece, the first knuckle of the second monument piece, and the intermediate door knuckle;
wherein, when the hinge assembly is mounted to the door and monument, a space is formed between the intermediate door knuckle and the monument to define a vent gap through the hinge assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,428,571

BOOT LID

Bentley Motors Limited, ...

1. An automobile comprising a boot lid and a panel, the panel separating an exterior side and an interior side, and having an exterior surface facing inboard into a boot cavity and exposed to an environment outside of the automobile when the boot lid is open and an opposite interior surface facing outboard into a region of the automobile body between an outer body shell and the boot cavity, wherein a rotatable shaft extends through the panel from the interior side to the exterior side and is mounted to the panel via a bearing, the rotatable shaft being operably connected to the boot lid on the exterior side and operably connected to a drive mechanism on the interior side, so as to transmit drive from the interior side to the exterior side, in order to move the boot lid between a closed position and an open position; wherein the drive mechanism on the interior side comprises a linear actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,428,570

WIND SAFE DOOR

ENTREMATIC BELGIUM NV, M...

1. A motorized door for closing an area at least partially defined by a frame, said motorized door comprising:(A) a motorized driving mechanism suitable for moving a leading edge of a shutter between an open position (z=1) and a closed position (z=0) in a first direction (a) to close said area defined within said frame and in a second direction (?) to open said area;
(B) a detection cell suitable for detecting an accidental event (eI), wherein I?, during a moving of the leading edge of the shutter in the first direction (a) to close said area, said accidental event a potential threat to a good functioning of the motorized door,
(C) a processing unit programmed to trigger the following operations upon reception of a signal from the detection cell that an accidental event has occurred, during the moving in the first direction (?) of the shutter from the open position (z=1) towards the closed position (z=0):
(a) define I=0 at t=0, wherein I is the number of accidental events (eI) detected by the detection cell during the moving of the leading edge of the shutter in the first direction (?) to close said area, and t=0 defines the time the shutter starts moving from the open position (z=1);
(b) in case of a detection of an (M+i)th accidental event (e(M+i)), wherein M?, i?, and i>0, memorize the number of accidental events, I=(M+i), and
(c) stop the movement of the leading edge in the first direction (?), and reverse said movement into the second direction (?); and
(i) if the number of accidental events, I=(M+N), wherein N is a predefined number of wind-related events and wherein N>0, continue the movement into the second direction (?) until the leading edge reaches its open position (z=1) and keep the shutter in the open position; or
(ii) if the number of accidental events, I<(M+N), after a brief reverse time, ?t, stop said movement in the second direction (?) and reverse the movement back into the first direction (?) towards the closed position (z=0) of the shutter; and
(d) after step (c)(ii), in case an (M+i+1)th accidental event (e(M+i+1)) is detected during the movement of the leading edge into the first direction (?), memorize the number of accidental events, I=M+i+1 and repeat step (c).

US Pat. No. 10,428,569

DOOR CLOSER

ARCTEK INDUSTRIAL CO., LT...

1. A door closer pivoted on a door, comprising:a case including a piston accommodating chamber and a channel connecting module, wherein the channel connecting module includes a first communicating hole and a second communicating hole,
wherein the case further includes a driving module accommodating chamber, a spacer accommodating chamber configured to accommodate a spacer and a partition wall, the partition wall is located between the piston accommodating chamber and the spacer accommodating chamber for separating the piston accommodating chamber and the spacer accommodating chamber, the piston accommodating chamber and the spacer accommodating chamber communicate with the driving module accommodating chamber respectively, and the piston accommodating space communicates with the driving module accommodating chamber by the first opening space, wherein the channel connecting module is installed in the partition wall and includes a first primary channel, a second primary channel, a first tributary channel, a second tributary channel and a third tributary channel, the first tributary channel communicates with the first primary channel and the spacer accommodating chamber, the second tributary channel communicates with the first primary channel and the spacer accommodating chamber, the third tributary channel communicates with the first and second primary channels;
a piston installed in the piston accommodating chamber and dividing the piston accommodating chamber into a first oil storage space and a first opening space, wherein the channel connecting module communicates with the first opening space by the first communicating hole and communicates with the first oil storage space by the second communicating hole, and wherein the piston includes a main body and an oil sealing ring which is coupled to and moved together with the main body in the piston accommodating chamber, and the oil sealing ring is adapted to block the first communicating hole for holding the door in a predetermined position when the door is open;
a first flow regulating valve installed in the first tributary channel and adapted to selectively block the first tributary channel;
a driving module installed in the driving module accommodating chamber and adapted to drive the piston; and
a pressure valve installed in the second tributary channel and adapted to allow an oil to flow in one direction from the second tributary channel to the spacer accommodating chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,428,566

FLEXIBLE UNITARY SANDWICH-LIKE PANEL OVERHEAD DOOR

1. A flexible panel door, comprising:a first elastic sheet (12),
a second elastic sheet (13) substantially opposite and parallel to said first elastic sheet,
a plurality of elongated hinges (15),
a plurality of substantially rigid elongated webs (14), each having at least two parallel elongated edges, and each of which is attached in a parallel manner, by a respective one of said hinges along respective said elongated edges, to said first and second elastic sheets, planes of said webs being initially at a 90 degree angle to said elastic sheets, thus sandwiching said webs between said elastic sheets,
a rectangular beam (17) which is connected to respective edges of said first elastic sheet (12) and said second elastic sheet (13), said respective edges being parallel to said webs and on opposing sides of said first elastic sheet and said second elastic sheet,
a plurality of support rollers (16), each of said rollers attached to a respective end of a respective said web or a respective end of the said beam,
a means of support (21) (22) of said rollers (16) so that transverse, at 90 degree angles to said elastic sheets, motion of the ends of said webs and said beam, and axial rotation of said beam, are prevented whereby said means of support enables said beam to be urged so as to elastically transition said flexible panel door from a closed vertical configuration to an open nearly horizontal configuration, or from said open configuration to said closed configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,428,565

HINGE AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

1. A connecting structure for connecting a first structure to a second in a pivotal manner, the structure comprising:a first assembly configured for mounting on a first structure and a second assembly configured for mounting on a second structure, the first assembly being pivotally mounted on the second assembly, the first assembly including a central post with an outer surface, the second assembly including a sleeve receiving the central post and having an inward surface adjacent to the outer surface of the central post and an outward surface, a first port on the sleeve defining a first passage between the inward and outward surfaces, a second port on the sleeve defining a second passage between the inward and outward surfaces of the sleeve; and
a braking element configured to apply a selectable amount of resistance to pivoting of the first and second assemblies with respect to each other, the braking element being mounted on the sleeve to act on the central post, the braking element comprising:
a first pressure element at least partially positioned in the first passage, the first pressure element being mounted on the first port so as to be adjustably movable toward and away from the outer surface of the central post;
a friction pad positioned in the first passage between the first pressure element and the outer surface of the central post;
wherein movement of the first pressure element in the first passage adjusts a degree of pressure applied to the friction pad by the first pressure element and by the friction pad to the outer surface of the central post to adjust a degree of pressure exerted on the outer surface of the central post by the friction pad to adjust a degree of resistance to pivoting of the sleeve and central post with respect to each other; and
a locking element configured to lock the first and second assemblies against pivoting with respect to each other in an infinite number of positions relative to each other, the locking element being mounted on the sleeve to act on the central post, the locking element comprising:
a second pressure element at least partially positioned in the second passage, the second pressure element being mounted on the second port so as to be adjustably movable toward and away from the outer surface of the central post to bring the second pressure element into and out of direct contact with the central post;
wherein movement of the second pressure element in the second passage adjusts a degree of pressure applied by the second pressure element directly to the outer surface of the central post.

US Pat. No. 10,428,564

STORAGE CONTAINER WITH LATCH FOR SEATING ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A storage container for a vehicle seating assembly, comprising: a base of the storage container affixed to a seatback;a panel coupled to the base;
a latch mechanism disposed in the base and adjacent to the panel, wherein the latch mechanism is selectively operable between locked and unlocked positions to move the panel between respective secured and unsecured positions;
wherein the latch mechanism comprises an actuator assembly and an arm assembly retained in a housing, and wherein linear movement of the actuator assembly from a rest position to an activation position causes rotation of the arm assembly from a first position to a second position.

US Pat. No. 10,428,560

ELECTRICAL DOOR LATCH

MAGNA CLOSURES S.P.A., G...

1. A method of operating an e-latch assembly comprising an actuation group and a control unit, the e-latch assembly coupled to a closure member and comprising the steps of:monitoring for a plurality of handle activation signals;
receiving one of the plurality of handle activation signals;
checking a vehicle speed;
determining whether the vehicle speed satisfies a preset speed setting;
releasing the closure member in response to the vehicle speed satisfying the preset speed setting and receiving the one of the plurality of handle activation signals;
monitoring for additional ones of the plurality of handle activation signals in response to the vehicle speed not satisfying the preset speed setting;
receiving at least one of the additional ones of the plurality of handle activation signals; and
releasing the closure member in response to receiving the at least one of the additional ones of the plurality of handle activation signals.

US Pat. No. 10,428,558

BAND-BASED LOCK

OTTO DesignWorks, LLC, W...

1. A flexible band for use in a band-based lock, comprising:an inner metal ribbon comprising three or more stacked layers of metal including a top metal layer, a bottom metal layer, and one or more middle metal layers, wherein each layer of the three or more stacked layers of metal has a width to thickness ratio between 10:1 and 200:1, wherein at least one middle layer of the one or more middle metal layers consists of a first hardness having a Rockwell hardness of between about 35 C and 45 C, and the top and/or bottom metal layers consist of a second, different hardness, and wherein the three or more stacked layers of metal are not bonded to each other to permit sliding of the three or more stacked layers of metal with respect to each other;
one or more inner jackets surrounding the three or more stacked layers of metal, wherein the one or more inner jackets comprise a tear resistant material; and
an outer jacket surrounding the one or more inner jackets, wherein the outer jacket comprises plastic, silicone, and/or rubber.

US Pat. No. 10,428,554

POST MOUNTING SYSTEM AND APPARATUS

ONESTEEL WIRE PTY LIMITED...

1. A post mounting system comprising:a post having an elongated flange, the flange comprising a first side and a second side opposite the first side, the flange further comprising a plurality of elongated apertures therethrough, the plurality of elongated apertures extending lengthwise with respect to an elongate axis of the post, and the plurality of elongated apertures including a first aperture; and
an apparatus connected to the flange and secured with respect to the plurality of elongated apertures of the flange, the apparatus being at least partially flexible and comprising:
a body having a face, the face defining a plane perpendicular to the flange;
a plurality of projections including a first projection, the first projection extending from the face of the body at the first side of the flange, and the first projection extending to a distal end of the first projection;
a first lug having an elongate profile, the first lug projecting laterally from the distal end of the first projection, the first lug projecting into the first aperture; and
a first locator element and a second locator element, the first locator element extending from the face of the body at the first side of the flange, the second locator element extending from the face of the body at the second side of the flange, the first and second locator elements defining therebetween a space receiving the flange in a snug manner, the first locator element extending out to and terminating at a distal end thereof, with the first locator element located entirely at the first side of the flange and not projecting into or through the flange, the second locator element extending out to and terminating at a distal end thereof, with the second locator element located entirely at the second side of the flange and not projecting into or through the flange;
wherein the first lug nests in the first aperture such that the nesting prevents one or both of rotation of the first lug in the first aperture and sliding of the apparatus up or down the flange; and
wherein the plurality of elongated apertures include a second aperture, the first and second apertures being spaced out along a length of the flange, and wherein the plurality of projections include a second projection, the second projection extending from the face of the body at a location different from the first projection, the second projection extending to a distal end of the second projection, wherein a second lug projects laterally from the distal end of the second projection and projects into and nests in the second aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,428,551

FENCE TRIM GUARD

1. A fence trim guard which is comprised of:a. a first base member;
wherein the first base member has a horizontal surface and a vertical surface;
wherein the vertical surface of the first base extends a predetermined distance above the horizontal surface of the first base;
b. a second base member;
wherein the second base member has a horizontal surface and a vertical surface;
wherein the vertical surface of the second base member extends a predetermined distance above the horizontal surface of the second base member;
c. an extension;
wherein the extension is provided on the first base member;
d. a slot;
wherein a lip is provided on the bottom of the second base member;
e. a plurality of spike holes—provided on the horizontal surface of the first base member and on the surface of the second base member;
f. a plurality of ribs;
wherein the plurality of ribs are placed on the underside of the horizontal surface of the first and second base members;
g. a plurality of expanders;
wherein the plurality of expanders is formed as part of the first base member;
wherein the expander is integral to the vertical surface of the first base member;
wherein the plurality of expanders is formed as part of the second base member;
wherein the plurality of expanders is integral to the vertical surface of the second base member;
wherein each expander permits its respective base member to bow.

US Pat. No. 10,428,545

POOL COVER SKIMMER ATTACHMENT

1. An automatic skimmer system for a swimming pool cover for cleaning the surface of a swimming pool, comprising:a skimming element holder;
an elongated skimming element operationally connected to the skimming element holder;
an elongated base member operationally connected to the swimming pool cover and to the skimming element holder, wherein the elongated base member is oriented substantially perpendicular to the skimming element holder and wherein pivot of the elongated base member also pivots the skimming element holder and the skimming element;
a skimmer guide operationally connected to the elongated base member; and
a guide assembly engaged by the skimmer guide, wherein the guide assembly further comprises:
a first guide member;
a second guide member oriented parallel to the first guide member;
a first transition element connecting the first guide member and the second guide member; and
a second transition element connecting the first guide member and the second guide member and spaced from the first transition element;
wherein the connected first guide member, first transition element, second guide member, and second transition element define a race circuit for guiding the movement of the skimmer guide;
wherein the surface defines a swimming pool plane;
wherein the elongated base member is adapted to automatically pivot to move the skimming element through the swimming pool plane and in a first direction to engage a surface substantially parallel to the swimming pool plane when the swimming pool cover moves thereover;
wherein the elongated base member is adapted to automatically pivot in a second, opposite direction to disengage the surface before the elongated base member ends traversal along the swimming pool plane;
wherein the first transition element extends between the first guide member and the second guide member at an angle inverse from the angle that the second transition element transitions between the first guide member and the second guide member;
wherein the skimmer guide engages the guide assembly for moving along the race circuit defined by the first guide member, the first transition element, the second guide member, and the second transition element.

US Pat. No. 10,428,544

HIGH FLOW INTERCHANGEABLE DRAIN COVER ASSEMBLY

1. A drain cover assembly comprising:a sump cover having a front surface and a back surface opposite the front surface, the back surface comprising a post extending therefrom, the sump cover further comprising a reversible insert adapted to be inserted into a center portion of the sump cover; and
a sump base comprising a top surface in fluid communication with an outflow portion, the top surface having a column extending therefrom, the top surface circumferentially surrounding the back surface of the sump cover, the post being axially aligned with the column.

US Pat. No. 10,428,539

MOUNTING UNIT FOR PARTITION MOUNT

Zipwall, LLC., Arlington...

1. A mounting unit of a partition mount system that removably secures a sheet of material comprising:a first portion having a first end and a second end opposite the first end and a pivot on a lower surface thereof; and
a second portion having a first end and a second end opposite the first end and configured to mate with the first portion, the first end of the second portion being wider than the second end of the second portion, the first end of the second portion having a width greater than a width of the first portion in a first horizontal direction and the second portion having a length greater than a length of the first portion in a second horizontal direction orthogonal to the first horizontal direction;
wherein the first portion and second portion are separable from each other and configured to secure a sheet of material therebetween, and
wherein the first end of the first portion has the same width as the second end of the first portion.

US Pat. No. 10,428,538

POOL STAIR FORMS

Imperial Pools, Inc., La...

1. A pool stair form for forming at least one stair in a pool, the pool stair form including:at least one stair form brace configured to couple to at least one pool wall panel of the pool and extend therefrom in a first direction, the at least one stair form brace including first fixation points; and
at least one elongate riser form including a front face,
wherein the at least one stair form brace and the at least one riser form are configured to couple at the at least one first fixation point such that the at least one riser form extends in a second direction substantially contrasting the first direction,
wherein the front face of the at least one riser form forms riser portions of the at least one stair when the at least one riser form is coupled to the at least one stair form brace and the at least one stair form brace is coupled to the at least one pool wall panel,
wherein the at least one riser form and the at least one stair form brace are configured to receive filling material between the at least one riser form and the at least one pool wall panel and about the at least one stair form brace when the at least one riser form is coupled to the at least one stair form brace and the at least one stair form brace is coupled to the at least one pool wall panel, the filling material forming tread portions of the at least one stair, and
wherein the at least one stair form brace includes at least one aperture that allows the filling material to extend through the at least one stair form brace along the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,428,537

MODULAR SCAFFOLDING HORIZONTAL END CONNECTOR

Excel Modular Scaffold an...

1. A horizontal scaffold member comprising a pipe having two ends and an interior, and a scaffold end connector positioned on each of said pipe ends;each of said scaffold end connectors comprising a pair of substantially parallel plates defining a pair of opposing sidewalls and a front portion and a rear portion of said scaffold end connector;
each of said scaffold end connectors having a bottom end and a top end and two spaced apart engagement sections positioned on said front portion of said scaffold end connector;
each of said scaffold end connectors further comprising at least two lateral tabs extending between said opposing sidewalls, each of said lateral tabs extending from one of a respective said top end, said front portion or said rear portion of said scaffold end connector, each of said sidewalls fixedly joined to the other with at least one of said lateral tabs;
each of said scaffold end connectors having an interior located between said two sidewalls; each of said two sidewalls having an insertion tab extending from said rear portion on said top end of said scaffold end connector, and a bottom slot extending through said sidewall positioned below said insertion tab, said insertion tabs positioned in said pipe interior; and
each of said scaffold end connectors further having a movable latch member partially disposed in said end connector interior, and mounted in said connector interior for latching said scaffold end connector to a cup or annular ring positioned on a vertical scaffold member.

US Pat. No. 10,428,535

FLOOR PANEL FOR FORMING A FLOOR COVERING

FLOORING INDUSTRIES LIMIT...

1. A floor panel for forming a floor covering including at least two such floor panels, wherein the floor panel is rectangular and oblong and comprises: a first pair of opposite edges forming long edges of the floor panel, and a second pair of opposite edges forming short edges of the floor panel; wherein each of said edges of both pairs of the long and short edges comprises a coupling part for mutual coupling of a plurality of said floor panels; wherein the coupling parts, on both pairs of edges, form a first locking system, which, in a coupled condition of two of said floor panels, effects a locking in a plane of the floor panels and perpendicular to respective edges, and form a second locking system, which, in the coupled condition of two of said floor panels, effects a locking transverse to the plane of the floor panels wherein the coupling parts on the first pair of opposite edges substantially are realized in the material of the floor panel itself; wherein the coupling parts of at least the first pair of opposite edges are configured such that two of said floor panels can be coupled to each other at the first pair of opposite edges by means of a turning movement and the coupling parts on the first pair of opposite edges consist of a tongue and a groove, and of locking parts, which, in the coupled condition, prevent shifting apart of the tongue and groove; wherein on the first pair of opposite edges the groove is bordered by a lower lip and an upper lip, of which the lower lip extends laterally further than the upper lip; wherein the coupling parts on the second pair of edges are configured such that two of said poor panels are arranged to be coupled to each other at theft edges by means of a downward movement of one of said two floor panels in respect to the other, said movement seen in cross section of these edges being substantially vertical such that a plurality of said floor panels are arranged to be coupled to each other by means of a “fold-down” technique; wherein the first locking system of the second pair of edges is at least formed of an upward-directed lower hook-shaped part, which is situated on one of said two edges and which comprises a distal extremity, and a downward-directed upper hook-shaped part, which is situated on the opposite edge and which comprises a distal extremity, wherein the lower hook-shaped part consists of a lip with an upward-directed locking element, whereas the upper hook-shaped part consists of a lip with a downward-directed locking element; wherein the second locking system of the second pair of edges is at least formed by a first vertical locking part, which is situated on said distal extremity of the lower hook-shaped part, and a second vertical locking part of the coupling part comprising the upper hook-shaped part, which cooperate together in the coupled condition of two of said floor panels; wherein the distal extremity of the upper hook-shaped part and a side of the coupling part comprising the lower hook-shaped part which, in the coupled condition, is opposite thereto, are free from mutually vertically locking portions; wherein the coupling parts on the first pair of edges are configured such that they allow a tensionless turning into each other up into a final coupled condition without building up a pre-tension, or without having to overcome a temporary elastic force; wherein the locking parts of the first locking system on the first pair of edges comprise a first contact surface on a lower side of the tongue and a second contact surface on said lower lip, the first and second contact surfaces being arranged to cooperate with each other to allow for said tensionless turning; and wherein cooperation of the first and second contact surfaces defines a tangent line, which, in respect to the horizontal, forms an angle of at least 40 degrees.

US Pat. No. 10,428,534

PANEL, COVERING AND METHOD FOR INSTALLING SUCH PANELS

FLOORING INDUSTRIES LIMIT...

1. A panel for forming a floor covering, which, at least at two opposite edges comprises coupling parts arranged to couple two of such panels to each other by means of a downward movement of one panel in respect to the other;wherein these coupling parts form a first locking system, which effects a locking in the plane of the panels and perpendicularly to said edges, as well as form a second locking system, which effects a locking perpendicularly to the plane of the panels;
wherein the first locking system is formed at least of an upwardly directed lower hook-shaped portion which is situated at one of said two edges, as well as of a downwardly directed upper hook-shaped portion which is situated at the opposite edge;
wherein the lower hook-shaped portion consists of a lip with an upwardly directed locking element, whereas the upper hook-shaped portion consists of a lip with a downwardly directed locking element;
wherein the second locking system comprises locking parts consisting of only one single locking part situated next to the proximal end of the lower hook-shaped portion and a single locking part situated next to the distal end of the upper hook-shaped portion;
wherein at least one of said locking parts of the second locking system is made from soft PVC;
wherein said two opposite edges define respective upper panel edges located at the utmost top portion of the two opposite edges;
wherein the panel at each of said two respective upper panel edges is provided with a chamfered surface, such that when two panels are coupled to each other, the respective chamfered surfaces of said two panels located adjacent one another form a V-groove;
wherein the panel comprises a substrate of soft PVC and a top layer above said substrate, said top layer having a material thickness;
wherein the top layer comprises at least a printed PVC film, and a transparent wear layer located above the printed PVC film and including a layer of transparent vinyl;
wherein said chamfered surface forms a bevel that is located within the material thickness of the top layer only and completely above said substrate such that at least part of the chamfered surface is formed from the transparent vinyl, such that the substrate at the location of the bevel is fully covered by said PVC film;
wherein said bevel defines a tangent line which in respect to the plane of the panels is less inclined than a tangent line through a lower edge portion of the panel that adjoins at the lower end of the bevel; and
wherein the panel is rectangular, either oblong or square, and thus comprises a first pair of opposite edges and a second pair of opposite edges;
wherein both pairs of opposite edges comprise coupling parts allowing to mutually couple a plurality of such panels to each other;
wherein the coupling parts at the first pair of edges form a first locking system which effects a locking in the plane of the panels and perpendicular to the respective edges, as well as form a second locking system which effects a locking perpendicular to the plane of the panels;
wherein the coupling parts at the second pair of edges are formed by the aforementioned coupling parts arranged to couple two of such panels to each other by means of a downward movement of one panel in respect to the other;
wherein the coupling parts at both pairs of edges substantially are realized from said substrate;
wherein the coupling parts at the first pair of opposite edges are configured such that two of such panels can be coupled to each other at these edges by means of a turning movement;
wherein the coupling parts at the second pair of opposite edges are configured such that two of such floor panels as aforementioned can be coupled to each other by means of a downward movement, wherein this downward movement is obtained as a result of the turning movement at the first pair of edges.

US Pat. No. 10,428,532

CLADDING CLIP

1. A cladding clip comprising:a lateral base;
a head coupled to and upstanding from the lateral base; and
a flexible lip configured to hold a first cladding board, wherein the flexible lip is upstanding from the lateral base and laterally spaced from the head along the lateral base;
wherein an upstanding part of the flexible lip is hooked so that a lateral part of the flexible lip extends laterally, spaced from the lateral base;
wherein the flexible lip is configured to mate with a tongue and groove joint by partially surrounding a tongue of the tongue and groove joint of at least the first cladding board held by the cladding clip;
wherein the upstanding part of the flexible lip is a second upstanding part, and the flexible lip further comprises a first upstanding part which spaces the lateral part of the flexible lip from the lateral base and the second upstanding part upstanding from the lateral part of the flexible lip; and
wherein the lateral part of the flexible lip is configured to bias a portion of the first cladding board toward the lateral base when the second upstanding part of the flexible lip is engaged by a second cladding board.

US Pat. No. 10,428,531

FOLDABLE STAIRCASE

1. A foldable staircase comprises:a lower staircase;
an upper staircase;
the lower staircase and the upper staircase each comprise a series of steps;
the series of steps comprises a first step and a last step;
the series of steps each comprise a first lengthwise edge, a second lengthwise edge, and a riser;
the first step and the last step being positioned opposite to each other along the series of steps;
the first lengthwise edge and the second lengthwise edge being positioned opposite to each other across the riser;
the second lengthwise edge of the last step for the lower staircase being hingedly connected to the first lengthwise edge of the first step for the upper staircase;
the lower staircase and the upper staircase each further comprise a right-triangular prismatic body;
the right-triangular prismatic body comprises a first leg-related surface, a second leg-related surface, and a hypotenuse-related surface;
the series of steps being integrated across the hypotenuse-related surface;
the first leg-related surface being positioned coincident to the first step; and
the second leg-related surface being positioned coincident to the last step.

US Pat. No. 10,428,530

ENTANGLED MESH ROOF VENT WITH INTEGRATED EXTERNAL BAFFLE

AIR VENT, INC., Dallas, ...

1. A roof vent comprising:a continuous elongate mat composed of a mesh of randomly oriented fibers, wherein the mat has a top surface, a bottom surface, and a first longitudinally extending side surface connecting the top and bottom surfaces, wherein a portion of the mesh proximate to and forming the first longitudinally extending side surface is configured as a wind baffle, wherein the wind baffle includes a wind deflector lip, formed from the mesh, which extends above the top surface of the mat,
wherein the mat comprises a longitudinally extending center section having a first air permeability and a longitudinally extending edge section between the longitudinally extending center section and the first longitudinally extending side surface, wherein a venting portion of the longitudinally extending edge section disposed adjacent to the longitudinally extending center section has a second air permeability, and wherein the longitudinally extending center section is more permeable than the venting portion of the longitudinally extending edge section,
wherein the first longitudinally extending side surface is less permeable than the venting portion of the longitudinally extending edge section,
wherein a portion of the top surface of the mat over the venting portion of the longitudinally extending edge section is uncovered to allow for venting through the top surface of the mat, and
wherein the first longitudinally extending side surface is relatively impermeable to air flow such that venting is directed through the top surface of the mat.

US Pat. No. 10,428,529

ROOFTOP RAINWATER DRAINAGE ASSEMBLY

1. A rooftop rainwater drainage assembly, comprising:a first spout;
a first elongated pipe disposed behind an exterior wall and secured to the first spout, wherein the first elongated pipe comprises a first region disposed between a pair of vertical studs;
a substantially rigid plate, wherein the rigid plate is disposed over an exterior surface of the first elongated pipe at the first region, wherein the rigid plate is substantially parallel with the first elongated pipe, and wherein the rigid plate is disposed behind an interior wall;
the first elongated pipe having a second region that extends out of the exterior wall of the dwelling; and
a second spout secured to a roof deck region of a dwelling.

US Pat. No. 10,428,525

SHINGLE WITH REINFORCEMENT MEMBER

Owens Corning Intellectua...

1. A roofing shingle comprising:an asphalt-coated sheet including a shingle mat and an asphalt coating applied to front and rear surfaces of the shingle mat to define front and rear surfaces of the asphalt-coated sheet, the asphalt-coated sheet having a lower tab portion normally exposed on a roof and an upper headlap portion normally covered-up on a roof, wherein at least a portion of the asphalt-coated sheet is coated with granules; and
a reinforcement member having a thickness smaller than a thickness of the asphalt coated sheet and being adhered to and covering an exterior surface of the asphalt-coated sheet along an upper edge of the headlap portion, with the reinforcement member and the headlap portion together providing a nail pull-through value that is at least about 13 percent greater than an otherwise identical shingle having no such reinforcement material;
wherein the reinforcement member is spaced apart from a lower end of the headlap portion by a granule coated surface of the headlap portion;
wherein the reinforcement member includes one of a fabric, a woven material, a scrim material, a paper, a non-woven glass, and a polyester film.

US Pat. No. 10,428,522

CONSTRUCTION METALLIC TRAPEZOIDAL SYSTEMS

1. A construction system definable in terms of an X, Y, and Z coordinate axes structure, the system comprising:(a) a first part having a hollow four-walled web elongate in the Z axis, having a securement flange on the upper XZ base of the elongate Z axis member;
(b) a second part having at least one open end for complemental engagement of the first part wherein the second part may fit over distal ends of said first part in which a cross-section of the second part is generally that of the first part, but wide and tall enough to allow the first part to slip within the second part, and said second part having an opposite end of said opening, wherein said second part securing the first part to a structural support;
(c) said first part having a hollow four-walled web having a lower XZ base and an upper XZ base along an elongate Z axis connected by two opposing webs on the YZ planes;
(d) a channel in said Z axis in the center of said upper XZ base;
(e) a flange extending upwardly in a positive Y direction from said upper XZ base;
(f) said flange formed from one YZ surface pressed against an opposing YZ surface, and said flange having a series of YZ cut-outs;
(g) said cut-outs having a lower edge and an upper mouth; and
(h) a Y height of said cut out selected from the range of about part of the way down from the upper mouth to the lower edge to all of the way down from the upper mouth to the lower edge.

US Pat. No. 10,428,514

STEAM VENT SYSTEM

CONSOLIDATED EDISON COMPA...

1. A movable steam vent system for an enclosed subsurface space having an opening, the system comprising:a base portion having a tapered outer surface defined by an outer wall, a frustoconical inner surface defined by an inner wall, a plurality of ribs extending from the inner surface, the inner wall and the outer wall defining a space therebetween, the base portion further having an opening in an upper surface, the opening being defined by a wall having a slot therein, the opening being in fluid communication with a first hollow interior defined by the inner wall, the inner wall having an end that is sized to cover the subsurface space opening; and
at least one pipe member removably coupled by a rotational movement to the base portion, the at least one pipe member having a wall with an outer surface, and an inner surface, the pipe member inner surface defining a second hollow interior that is in fluid communication with the first hollow interior;
wherein the at least one pipe member includes a projection that extends from a first end, the projection being sized to fit within the base portion opening;
wherein the projection of the at least one pipe member includes a first tab, the first tab being positioned in the slot of the base portion when the at least one pipe member is coupled to the base portion;
wherein the first tab includes a semi-spherical outer surface with a curved outer edge and two adjoining sides.

US Pat. No. 10,428,507

FLUSH TOILET

TOTO LTD., Kitakyushu-Sh...

1. A flush toilet, comprising:a main water guide channel configured to cause washing water supplied from a water supply source to flow through the main water guide channel;
a direction change water guide channel configured to change a flow direction of the washing water supplied from the main water guide channel;
a rim water guide channel configured to cause the washing water supplied from the direction change water guide channel to flow toward and spout from a water spout part, the water spout part being configured with an opening on a side of a bowl part; and
a retention part configured in at least the direction change water guide channel, the retention part being configured with a concave shape, the retention part retaining a part of the washing water supplied from the main water guide channel,
wherein an upper end of the retention part on a downstream side is horizontal to a bottom surface of the water spout part or higher than the bottom surface of the water spout part.

US Pat. No. 10,428,497

FAUCET HANDLE WITH ANGLED INTERFACE

Delta Faucet Company, In...

1. A faucet including:a spout assembly including:
a hub defining a vertical axis,
a liquid pathway extending within the hub,
a handle attachment base extending perpendicular to the hub and defining a horizontal axis, the handle attachment base including an end having a first mounting surface; and
a water parameter control handle coupled to the handle attachment base for rotation from a first position defining a first water parameter setting and a second position defining a second water parameter setting, water parameter control handle including an end having a second mounting surface;
wherein the first mounting surface and the second mounting surface define a handle movement plane angularly oriented intermediate the vertical axis of the hub of the spout assembly and the horizontal axis of the handle attachment base of the spout assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,428,494

WEAR PLATE ASSEMBLY WITH TWO-PART KEY ASSEMBLY

1. A wear plate assembly comprising:a base including a slot formed with an enlarged aperture;
a wear plate including a wear surface and a hold recessed below the wear surface, wherein the wear plate moves between a free condition off the base and an applied condition covering the base;
a nut and a key, the nut formed with a blind bore to receive the key;
the key includes an annular channel for carrying a gasket to prevent migration of debris into the bore; and
the nut is applicable through the aperture into the slot, and then moves between a first position registered in the aperture and a second position offset from the aperture where the nut is captured under the base;
wherein in the applied condition of the wear plate and the second position of the nut, the bore is registered with the slot and the hold to define a keyway, and the key is applicable to the keyway for engagement with the nut to secure the wear plate on the base.

US Pat. No. 10,428,492

ASSISTED RIPPING

Caterpillar Inc., Peoria...

15. A method of performing ripping procedures using a plurality of work machines, comprising:aligning a rear portion of a first work machine directly behind a rear portion of a second work machine, the first work machine having a first ripping module with a first ripping device and the second work machine having a second ripping module with a second ripping device, the first and second ripping modules each including complementary shaped mounting heads;
coupling the first ripping device of the first work machine with the second ripping device of the second work machine by mounting the first ripping module on top of the second ripping module so as to engage the mounting head of first ripping module with the complementary shaped mounting head of the second ripping module;
performing a ripping procedure with the ripping devices in one direction by moving the first work machine and the second work machine in a same horizontal direction;
repositioning the first ripping device of the first work machine and the second ripping device of the second work machine; and
performing another ripping procedure with the ripping devices in another horizontal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,428,489

ARM FOR CONSTRUCTION MACHINE

KOBELCO CONSTRUCTION MACH...

1. An arm to constitute a working attachment for a construction machine, comprising:an arm body to be attached to a distal end of a boom constituting the working attachment; and
an arm top attached to a distal end of the arm body, wherein:
the arm top includes: a pair of left and right side walls; a first connection portion disposed at a distal end of the arm top to span the pair of side walls so as to define a first pin hole for allowing a pin for connecting a working tool to the distal end of the arm top to be inserted into the first pin hole; a second connection portion disposed at a position closer to a proximal end of the arm top than the first connection portion to span the pair of side walls so as to define a second pin hole for allowing a pin for connecting a link for actuating the working tool to be inserted in the second pin hole; and connection walls formed on respective inner surfaces of the side walls, the connection walls having respective shapes to connect the pair of side walls to each other and connect the first and second connection portions to each other;
the arm top includes a left arm top piece and a right arm top piece that are individually formed by casting, the left arm top piece having a first left boss constituting the first connection portion, a second left boss constituting the second connection portion, and a left projecting wall portion constituting the connection wall, the right top piece having a first right boss constituting the first connection portion, a second right boss constituting the second connection portion, and a right projecting wall portion constituting the connection wall, the first left boss and the first right boss having respective surfaces opposed to each other in a left-right direction of the arm top, the second left boss and the second right boss having respective surfaces opposed to each other in the left-right direction of the arm top, and the left projecting wall portion and the right projecting wall portion having respective surfaces opposed to each other in the left-right direction; and
the left and right arm top pieces are joined together by welding at the opposed surfaces of the first left boss and the first right boss, at the opposed surfaces of the second left boss and the second right boss, and at the opposed surfaces of the left projecting wall portion and the right projecting wall portion, thereby being integrated to form the arm top.

US Pat. No. 10,428,483

ANCHOR SYSTEM

1. An anchor system for anchoring an object, the anchor system comprising:a base assembly having sidewalls defining a hollow interior, the base assembly comprising a lower section, and an upper section having a substantially planar top surface, said upper section being adjustably secured to the lower section for adjusting an overall height of the base assembly; and
a retractable anchoring member comprising an anchoring point, the retractable anchoring member being pivotally secured to the upper section and being pivotable about a pivot axis parallel to the top surface between an operating position in which the anchoring point extends above the top surface of the upper section, and a retracted configuration in which the anchoring point extends in the hollow interior of the base assembly and is concealed below the top surface of the upper section.

US Pat. No. 10,428,475

COLLAPSIBLE LANE DELINEATOR

Saris Cycling Group, Inc....

1. A collapsible boundary delineator, comprising:a base adapted to be positioned on a ground surface; and
a pair of divider members interconnected with the base, wherein the pair of divider members comprises an upper divider member and a lower divider member, wherein the upper and lower divider members are movable relative to the base between a raised, operative position and a lowered, inoperative position, wherein when the upper and lower divider members are in the raised, operative position the lower divider member is spaced below the upper divider member and above the base and the upper and lower divider members are in a non-parallel relationship relative to each other, and wherein when the upper and lower divider members are in the lowered, inoperative position the upper divider member overlies the lower divider member and the lower divider member is sandwiched between the base and the upper divider member, and the upper and lower divider members are in a parallel relationship relative to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,428,470

PORTABLE ASPHALT HEATER APPARATUS AND METHOD

The City of Calgary, Cal...

1. A portable asphalt heater apparatus for heating a volume of asphalt, the apparatus comprising:an asphalt hopper having a floor, first and second side walls and front and rear end walls, the side walls and end walls extending upwardly from the floor and defining an upper opening into the hopper, the upper opening positioned above the floor and having an opening area which is less than a surface area of the floor, the first and second side walls including an inwardly extending portion tapering inwardly and extending between the floor and the upper opening, so as to define a substantially inverted V geometry when viewed in a vertical cross-section of the hopper taken generally parallel to and between the front and rear end walls of the hopper,
at least one door selectively closing the upper opening,
an asphalt heating manifold including an asphalt heating chamber adjacent to and positioned beneath the floor, the asphalt heating manifold in fluid communication with an asphalt heater assembly, the asphalt heating manifold adapted to direct a heated gas emitted from the asphalt heater assembly through the asphalt heating chamber and asphalt heating manifold,
wherein the volume of asphalt when in the asphalt hopper is heated through contact with the asphalt hopper, and
wherein the apparatus is adapted for mounting on a vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,428,469

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MAGNETIC LEVITATION AND ACCELERATION SUPPORT SYSTEM

1. A magnet configuration comprising:a first Halbach array having a first magnetic field; and
a second Halbach array having a second magnetic field, wherein said first Halbach array and said second Halbach array are magnetically and structurally connected together to form a first pair of magnetic fields of flux having characteristics of attraction and repulsion between the connections of the Halbach arrays with the attraction polarities being the drop edges on all sides of their adjoining repulsion polarities, and
one or more pressure pumps connected to the first Halbach array wherein the pressure pump are configured to be adjusted in length to adjust the distance between the first and second Halbach arrays.

US Pat. No. 10,428,464

FIBROUS STRUCTURES COMPRISING THREE OR MORE REGIONS

1. A fibrous structure comprising a plurality of filaments and a plurality of solid additives commingled together, the fibrous structure further comprising:a. a first region;
b. a second region; and
c. a third region;wherein each of the first, second, and third regions exhibit at least one common micro-CT intensive property that differs in value as measured according to the Micro-CT Test Method.

US Pat. No. 10,428,460

METHOD FOR MOLDING CNF AND MOLDED PRODUCT OF CNF OBTAINED BY THE MOLDING METHOD

1. A method for molding CNFs, which comprises steps of:a charging step of charging a first CNF-containing slurry containing, as a cellulose derived fibrous component, only CNFs having an average thickness of 4 to 200 nm and an average length of 0.1 ?m or more into a mold form at least partly composed of a vapor-permeable means;
applying a load to the first CNF-containing slurry using the vapor-permeable means of the mold form and/or vapor-permeable means other than that of the mold form, while heating the CNF-containing slurry and/or putting the CNF-containing slurry under reduced pressure; and
repeating a charging step of subsequently charging a second CNF-containing slurry containing, as a cellulose-derived fibrous component, only CNFs having an average thickness of 4 to 200 nm and an average length of 0.1 ?m or more into said mold form while the previously charged CNF-containing slurry is still in a wet state, and the step of the load application in conjunction with the heating and/or the exposure to reduced pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,428,459

CROSSLINKED CELLULOSE AS PRECURSOR IN PRODUCTION OF HIGH-GRADE CELLULOSE DERIVATIVES AND RELATED TECHNOLOGY

INTERNATIONAL PAPER COMPA...

1. A method, comprising:bleaching a pulp comprising cellulose fibers;
crosslinking the cellulose fibers within the pulp while the pulp has a consistency greater than or equal to 12%; and
drying the pulp after bleaching the pulp and after crosslinking the cellulose fibers, wherein the dried pulp has:
a resultant carboxymethyl cellulose viscosity greater than or equal to 60 centipoise,
a brightness greater than or equal to 75%, and
a water retention value greater than or equal to 1.1 g/g.

US Pat. No. 10,428,454

TEXTILE TREATMENT COMPOSITIONS INCLUDING QUTERNARY BIS-IMIDAZOLINE COMPOUNDS DERIVED FROM LINEAR TETRAMINES USEFUL TO IMPROVE MOISTURE MANAGEMENT AND PROVIDE ANTIMICROBIAL PROTECTION

Dow Global Technologies L...

1. A method of making a treatment composition comprising a quaternized bis-imidazoline, comprising the steps of:a) providing a bis-amide according to the formula

wherein each Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5, and Z6 independently is a monovalent moiety or at least first and second of the Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5, and Z6 moieties are linked to each other in a manner effective to form a divalent moiety that attaches to the corresponding imidazoline ring(s) at two attachment sites; and each RH independently is a hydrophobic, monovalent moiety comprising 6 to 50 carbon atoms;
b) causing ingredients comprising at least the bis-amide to form a bis-imidazoline according to the formula

wherein at least a portion of forming the bis-imidazoline occurs in a vacuum at a temperature less than 325° C.; and
c) using ingredients comprising the bis-imidazoline to form a composition having a pH in the range from 4.0 to 6.9 and comprising a quaternary ammonium bis-imidazoline cation or salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,428,451

WASHING MACHINE WITH WATER SUPPLY DISTRIBUTOR

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A washing machine, comprising:a casing forming an exterior;
a tub disposed within the casing;
a drum rotatably provided in the tub, for accommodating laundry; and
a water supply distributor disposed within the casing and comprising a temporary space in which externally introduced water gathers, a plurality of discharge ports for distributing the water of the temporary space toward a plurality of points, and a pressure limit unit for limiting an increase of water pressure within the temporary space,
wherein the water supply distributor comprises:
a flow channel switching plate of a disk shape in which an open hole and a plurality of through holes arranged to form a circle around a center of rotation are formed; and
a housing into which the flow channel switching plate is rotatably inserted and in which a flow channel for communicating the open hole with the discharge ports is formed when the flow channel switching plate is rotated,
wherein the housing comprises a rim portion surrounding a side of the flow channel switching plate and forming a sidewall of the temporary space and a flow channel forming plate in which the rim portion stands upright and a plurality of discharge holes is formed so that the flow channel communicates with the open hole, and
wherein the pressure limit unit is formed to connect the plurality of through holes when the flow channel switching plate is disposed so that the open hole and the discharge holes do not communicate with each other,
wherein the discharge holes comprise:
a plurality of first discharge holes arranged to form a circle around a center of rotation of the flow channel switching plate, and
a second discharge hole formed closer to the center of rotation than to the first discharge holes, for communicating with at least any one of the first discharge holes, and
wherein the pressure limit unit is formed in the flow channel forming plate to provide a space in which water introduced through the through holes communicates with the at least any one of the first discharge holes through the second discharge hole.

US Pat. No. 10,428,449

METHOD FOR CREATING ASTRONOMY-BASED ORNAMENTAL ARTICLES

1. A method for creating a multiple strand piece of jewelry, comprising:creating a star chart based on a specific time and a specific place, wherein the star chart shows a plurality of stars;
classifying the plurality of stars shown by the star chart by magnitude, wherein the classifying creates a number of classes;
creating a template based on the star chart, wherein the template indicates a star position and a star magnitude for each of the plurality of stars;
transferring the star positions and star magnitudes onto a multiple strand jewelry transparency by overlaying the multiple strand jewelry transparency over the template, the multiple strand jewelry transparency comprising a plurality of lines indicating a plurality of strands in the multiple strand piece of jewelry, marking the star position and a symbol representing the star magnitude for each of the plurality of stars onto the multiple strand jewelry transparency;
matching a plurality of gemstones to the stars in the star chart, the lower the magnitude of the star, the larger the gemstone; and
forming a plurality of strands in the multiple strand piece of jewelry by replicating the lines of the multiple strand jewelry transparency with the plurality of strands, and stringing each of the plurality of gemstones onto one of the plurality of strands, wherein a position of each of the strung plurality of gemstones corresponds to the star position of the respective star that is matched to the respective gemstone.

US Pat. No. 10,428,447

COMPRESSION DEVICE

BSN-JOBST GmbH, Emmerich...

1. A compression article for supporting a body part, said compression article being produced from an elastic textile material, in the form of a knitted fabric (11), and which is provided with at least one elastic holding strap (12) which protects against slipping on the body part, wherein the holding strap (12) is produced using a friction thread (13) which is located in places on a surface of the strap (12) on an inner side of the strap, wherein the total area of the locations at which the friction thread (13) is located on the surface of the inner side of the strap is less than 25% of the surface of the inner side of the strap.

US Pat. No. 10,428,445

PRODUCTION OF HIGH COTTON NUMBER OR LOW DENIER CORE SPUN YARN FOR WEAVING OF REACTIVE FABRIC AND ENHANCED BEDDING

1. A method of producing a core spun yarn, comprising:drawing a roving thread from a roving bobbin through a roving guide, immediately followed by an aft drafting roller, and immediately followed by a mid drafting roller to a front drafting roller;
drawing a spandex core from a spandex bobbin using a guide roller;
associating the roving thread drawn to the front drafting roller and the spandex core drawn using the guide roller by drawing the roving thread drawn to the front drafting roller and the spandex core drawn using the guide roller in an approximately parallel fashion through the front drafting roller;
drawing the associated roving thread and the spandex core through a lappet hook immediately followed by an anti-ballooning guide, the anti-ballooning guide configured to maintain ballooning of the associated roving thread and the spandex core within a certain limit;
executing, through a ring traveler attached to a rotatable ring, a circular motion around a ring-frame bobbin comprising the ring traveler attached to the rotatable ring to cause the drawn associated roving thread to twist around the drawn associated spandex core, forming the core spun yarn; and
wrapping, through the ring traveler, the formed core spun yarn on the ring-frame bobbin at a same time of rotation of a spindle of the ring-frame bobbin to form a roving-spandex bobbin.

US Pat. No. 10,428,433

METHOD TO REGENERATE OXYGEN TRAPS

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA REC...

1. A method to regenerate an oxygen trap using an electric current, comprising at least the following steps:a) circulating, by a circuit and a voltage source, an electric current in a material of the trap to reduce the material;
b) measuring, by an ammeter, a value Im of said electric current and estimating a derivative dIm/dt of the measured current Im in relation to time;
c) estimating, by a calculator, a length (?) of material reduced by said electric current, as a function of the value of said current (Im) and of said derivative (dIm/dt);
d) stopping, by a switch, circulation of the current when the length of reduced material is at least equal to a threshold value (?s).

US Pat. No. 10,428,428

MICROWAVE PLASMA AND ULTRAVIOLET ASSISTED DEPOSITION APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MATERIAL DEPOSITION USING THE SAME

International Business Ma...

1. A method for depositing a material on a substrate, the method comprising:feeding a precursor gas into a processing space in which the substrate is arranged;
feeding a reactive gas into the processing space;
operating an ultraviolet radiation assembly comprising an ultra violet source unit, an optical window and a movable protective shutter configured to generate and emit ultraviolet radiation into the processing space in combination with operating a microwave radiation assembly comprising a microwave power source and a microwave applicator that comprises an annular waveguide configured to generate and emit microwave radiation into the processing space, wherein the emitted ultraviolet radiation and the emitted microwave radiation that enter into the processing space containing the substrate collectively excite at least the reactive gas that is fed into the processing space containing the substrate, wherein the annular waveguide comprises an outer cylindrical wall and an inner cylindrical wall comprising a plurality of slots, wherein each of the plurality of slots of the inner cylindrical wall comprises a dielectric window within each slot; and
depositing the material on the substrate in the processing space from a reaction of the excited reactive gas and the precursor gas.

US Pat. No. 10,428,427

FABRICATION METHOD FOR TWO-DIMENSIONAL MATERIALS

NATIONAL CHIAO TUNG UNIVE...

1. A fabrication method for two-dimensional materials, comprising the following steps:forming an amorphous thin film having at least one element on a substrate;
forming at least one capping layer on the amorphous thin film; and
annealing the amorphous thin film to form a two-dimensional material film after the capping layer is formed, wherein the two-dimensional material film is a crystalline material formed from the at least one element;
wherein the step for forming the capping layer comprises:
forming a first capping layer on the amorphous thin film by using evaporation; and
forming a second capping layer on the first capping layer by using plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition,
wherein a density of the second capping layer is larger than a density of the first capping layer.

US Pat. No. 10,428,425

FILM DEPOSITION APPARATUS, METHOD OF DEPOSITING FILM, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A film deposition apparatus for sequentially supplying at least two reaction gases, which mutually react, into a chamber to deposit a film on a substrate, the film deposition apparatus comprising:a turntable configured to be rotatable and include a concave portion on an upper surface, a bottom portion of the concave portion having a through hole;
a substrate supporting member configured to be attachable to and detachable from the concave portion, an upper surface of the substrate supporting member being configured to mount the substrate, a lower surface of the substrate supporting member being configured to have a first protruding portion;
a drive mechanism configured to move up and down the turntable, and revolve the turntable;
a lid member located inside the chamber and lower than the turntable, an upper surface of the lid member having a second protruding portion; and
a control unit configured to, after the drive mechanism moves down the turntable, revolve the turntable to cause the first protruding portion to contact the second protruding portion and cause the substrate supporting member to move to be spun a predetermined angle relative to the turntable.

US Pat. No. 10,428,424

TRAY DEVICE, REACTION CHAMBER AND MOCVD APPARATUS

BEIJING NAURA MICROELECTR...

1. A tray device, comprising:a large tray; a rotating shaft; a small tray; and a supporting disk,
wherein
the rotating shaft is connected with a center of the large tray and is configured to drive the large tray to rotate about the rotating shaft,
a tray groove configured to place the small tray therein is provided on the large tray, and
the supporting disk is located under the large tray, a sliding mechanism is provided between the supporting disk and the small tray, and, when the small tray revolves along with the large tray, the small tray is driven to spin in response to a sliding operation of the sliding mechanism, and the small tray is supported by the supporting disk by means of the sliding mechanism,
the sliding mechanism comprises a first sliding groove and a sliding pin, the first sliding groove being formed at an upper surface of the supporting disk, the first sliding groove being a closed track, an upper end of the sliding pin being fixedly connected to a first position other than a center of the small tray, a lower end of the sliding pin contacting the first sliding groove, and the sliding pin being configured to move along the first sliding groove, and when the large tray rotates about the rotating shaft, the first sliding groove on the supporting disk being fixed.

US Pat. No. 10,428,423

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DEPOSITING ATOMIC LAYERS ON A SUBSTRATE

1. A method of depositing an atomic layer on a substrate, the method comprising:supplying a precursor gas from a precursor-gas supply comprised in a drum; the drum being rotatable with respect to a sealing piece that receives gas from a gas source, wherein one of the drum and sealing piece comprises one or more gas feed channels in fluid connection with the precursor-gas supply, wherein the other of the drum and sealing piece comprises one or more circumferential grooves in its surface sealed by the one of the drum and sealing piece thereby preventing a fluid flowpath in a radial direction and leaving a fluid flow path in a circumferential direction, wherein during the supplying the precursor gas from the precursor-gas supply towards the substrate, the gas feed channels abut the sealed grooves, wherein a part of the gas flow path is formed by the sealed grooves, and wherein at least one sealed groove is provided with one or more separations separating adjacent zones of process gas feeds in the sealed groove, thus allowing zones to provide for mutually differing process gas compositions; and
providing a relative motion between the precursor-gas supply and the substrate to have the precursor gas react on the substrate so as to form an atomic layer by rotating the drum along a rotation trajectory while supplying the precursor gas; thus depositing a stack of atomic layers of a gradient composition,
wherein the at least one groove is formed by an upstanding wall that is sealed by an abutting face of one of the sealing piece or the drum, and
wherein the separations are recessed relative to the upstanding wall thereby forming a flow restriction relative the abutting face in order to provide a controlled cross flow between adjacent zones.

US Pat. No. 10,428,421

SELECTIVE DEPOSITION ON METAL OR METALLIC SURFACES RELATIVE TO DIELECTRIC SURFACES

ASM IP Holding B.V., Alm...

1. A method for selectively depositing a material on a first metal or metallic surface of a substrate relative to a second surface dielectric surface of the substrate, the method comprising one or more deposition cycles comprising:contacting the substrate with a first vapor-phase precursor comprising a metal halide at a temperature equal to or above about 225° C., wherein the metal halide is selected from fluorides or chlorides of Nb, Ta, Mo, W, V, Cr;
contacting the substrate with a second vapor-phase precursor comprising water or H2O2; and
optionally repeating the contacting steps until a desired thickness of material is deposited on the first metal or metallic surface;
wherein the material is deposited on the first metal or metallic surface relative to the second dielectric surface with a selectivity of above about 50%.

US Pat. No. 10,428,419

COMBINATION CVD/ALD METHOD, SOURCE AND PULSE PROFILE MODIFICATION

ASM IP Holding B.V., Alm...

1. A method of operating a system having a reactor configured to deposit a thin film, said method comprising:providing a first amount of a reactant from a reactant source vessel to a reaction space of the reactor at a first volumetric flow rate,
subsequently providing a pulse flow of a second amount of the reactant to the reaction space at a second volumetric flow rate which is greater than said first volumetric flow rate, the pulsed flow comprising a pulse time duration,
removing at least a portion of the second amount of the reactant from the reaction space via delivery of a purge gas to the reaction space,
wherein the providing a first amount of a reactant, providing a pulsed flow of the second amount of the reactant, and removing a portion of the second amount of the reactant are repeated multiple times to deposit the thin film, and
wherein each pulsed flow of the second amount of the reactant entering the reaction space includes less than half of a total amount of the second reactant within a first half of the pulse time duration, thereby initially providing a low partial pressure pulsed flow of the second reactant to the reaction space during each pulsed flow.

US Pat. No. 10,428,407

CYLINDRICAL MEMBER MADE OF FLAKE GRAPHITE CAST IRON

TPR CO., LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A cylindrical member made of flake graphite cast iron,the flake graphite cast iron comprising a composition containing, in terms of mass %, 2.85% or more and 3.35% or less of C, 1.95% or more and 2.55% or less of Si, 0.45% or more and 0.8% or less of Mn, 0.03% or more and 0.25% or less of P, 0.15% or less of S, 0.15% or more and 0.55% or less of Cr, 0.15% or more and 0.65% or less of Mo, 0.15% or more and 0.65% or less of Ni, and the balance of Fe and inevitable impurities,
wherein the cylindrical member has a thickness of 3.5 mm or less.

US Pat. No. 10,428,406

WEAR RESISTANT AND CORROSION RESISTANT COBALT-BASED ALLOY POWDERS AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

KENNAMETAL INC., Latrobe...

1. An article comprising:a metallic substrate; and
an alloy coating adhered to the metallic substrate via high velocity oxygen fuel (HVOF) spraying or high velocity air fuel (HVAF) spraying followed by sintering, the alloy coating comprising 15-25 wt. % chromium, 15-20 wt. % molybdenum, 0-15 wt. % tungsten, 10-20 wt. % nickel, 2.5-3.5 wt. % boron, 2.5-4.5 wt. % silicon, 1-2 wt. % carbon and the balance cobalt, wherein microstructure of the alloy comprises Co—Mo—Si Laves phases and intermetallic phases including metal borides and metal carbides.

US Pat. No. 10,428,404

METHOD OF CONVERTING COPPER CONTAINING MATERIAL

OUTOTEC (FINLAND) OY, Es...

1. A method of converting copper containing material to blister copper comprising the following steps:(a) providing copper containing material comprising copper sulfides and iron sulfides, whereby the copper containing material comprises at least 35 wt % copper of the total weight of the copper containing material;
(b) reacting the copper containing material in a furnace with an oxygen containing gas, in the absence of flux, to effect oxidation of iron sulfide and copper sulfide, and controlling injection of the oxygen containing gas and the temperature so that a resulting converter slag is in a molten phase to obtain blister copper and converter slag, wherein in step (b) the oxygen partial pressure (pO2) is from 1 to 100 Pa.

US Pat. No. 10,428,402

METHOD FOR HOT FORMING THIN SEMI-FINISHED PRODUCTS

1. A method for hot forming a semi-finished product of steel, the method comprising:heating the semi-finished product to a forming temperature;
conveying the semi-finished product to a forming tool;
forming at least one structure in the semi-finished product that increases rigidity of the semi-finished product, the at least one structure being formed at least partially in a trimming region of the semi-finished product, the trimming region defined as a portion of the semi-finished product that is removed resulting from cutting along a cutting line on the semi-finished product;
hot forming, hardening, or press hardening the semi-finished product in the forming tool after the at least one structure has been formed in the semi-finished product;
removing the trimming region from the semi-finished product thereby removing the structure wherein no remnants of the at least one structure remain on the semi-finished, formed and trimmed semi-finished product of steel; and
forming the semi-finished product into an A-pillar, a B-pillar, or a C-pillar of a motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,428,401

THERMAL TREATMENT PROCESS OF A STEEL SHEET AND DEVICE FOR ITS IMPLEMENTATION

ArcelorMittal, Luxembour...

1. A thermal treatment process for a ferrous alloy sheet comprising the steps of:performing a thermal treatment on a running ferrous alloy sheet by immersing the ferrous alloy sheet into at least one molten oxides bath, the molten oxides bath having a viscosity lower than 3·10?1 Pa·s, a surface of the bath being in contact with a non-oxidizing atmosphere, the molten oxides being inert towards iron and a difference (?T) between a temperature of the ferrous alloy sheet at an entry of the bath and a temperature of the bath being between 25° C. and 900° C.; and
eliminating residues of molten oxides remaining on surfaces of the ferrous alloy sheet at an exit of the bath.

US Pat. No. 10,428,380

MASSIVE PARALLEL METHOD FOR DECODING DNA AND RNA

THE TRUSTEES OF COLUMBIA ...

1. A method for sequencing a nucleic acid which comprises detecting the identity of a nucleotide analogue incorporated into the end of a growing strand of DNA in a polymerase reaction, wherein the nucleotide analogue is any of the following:
wherein R (a) represents a small, chemically cleavable, chemical group capping the oxygen at the 3? position of the deoxyribose of, the deoxyribonucleotide analogue, (b) does not interfere with recognition of the analogue as a substrate by a DNA polymerase, (c) is stable during a DNA polymerase reaction, (d) does not contain a ketone group, and (e) is not a —CH2CH?CH2 group;
wherein OR is not a methoxy group or an ester group;
wherein the covalent bond between the 3?-oxygen and R is stable during a DNA polymerase reaction;
wherein tag represents a detectable fluorescent moiety;
wherein Y represents a chemically cleavable, chemical linker which (a) does not interfere with recognition of the analogue as a substrate by a DNA polymerase and (b) is stable during a DNA polymerase reaction;
wherein the nucleotide analogue:
i) is recognized as a substrate by a DNA polymerase,
ii) is incorporated at the end of a growing strand of DNA during a DNA polymerase reaction,
iii) produces a 3?-OH group on the deoxyribose upon cleavage of R, and
iv) no longer includes a tag on the base upon cleavage of Y;
and wherein if the nucleotide analogue is: (A), it is capable of forming hydrogen bonds with cytosine or a cytosine nucleotide analogue; (B), it is capable of forming hydrogen bonds with thymine or a thymine nucleotide analogue; (C), it is capable of forming hydrogen bonds with guanine or a guanine nucleotide analogue; or (D), it is capable of forming hydrogen bonds with adenine or an adenine nucleotide analogue.

US Pat. No. 10,428,379

NUCLEOTIDE ANALOGS FOR SEQUENCING

IBIS BIOSCIENCES, INC., ...

1. A nucleotide analog comprising:a) a nucleotide comprising a phosphate moiety, a base, and a sugar;
b) a photocleavable terminating moiety attached to the nucleotide by a first photocleavable linker, wherein said photocleavable terminating moiety is electrochemically detectable by accepting or donating at least one electron during an electrochemical reaction; and
c) a second photocleavable terminating moiety attached to the nucleotide by a second photocleavable linker.

US Pat. No. 10,428,377

METHODS OF DETECTING LOW COPY NUCLEIC ACIDS

CALIPER LIFE SCIENCES, IN...

8. A method of detecting a low copy nucleic acid of interest in a sample that comprises a higher copy additional nucleic acid that is different from the low copy nucleic acid, the method comprising:aliquotting the sample into a plurality of reaction mixtures, which reaction mixtures comprise a plurality of zero copy reaction mixtures comprising zero copies of the nucleic acid of interest and at least one single copy reaction mixture comprising a single copy of the nucleic acid of interest;
simultaneously subjecting the zero and single copy reaction mixtures in parallel to an amplification reaction while flowing each of the plurality of reaction mixtures through one of a plurality of channels of a microfluidic device;
detecting the nucleic acid of interest in the single copy reaction mixture;
wherein at least one of the plurality of reaction mixtures is formulated in an aqueous phase of an emulsion comprising aqueous droplets suspended in and surrounded by an immiscible liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,428,374

LIQUID DISPENSING DEVICE

Kimantech, LLC, Salt Lak...

1. A liquid dispensing system, comprising:a support member;
a plurality of penetrating tips fixedly coupled to the support member, each penetrating tip operable to penetrate a container having a liquid disposed therein and create an opening in a portion of the container to dispense the liquid; and
a plurality of receptacles, each receptacle comprising a well of an electrophoresis gel configured to receive the liquid dispensed from the container.

US Pat. No. 10,428,371

FLUORESCENT LABELED SINGLE-STRANDED NUCLEIC ACID AND USE THEREOF

KABUSHIKI KAISHA DNAFORM,...

1. A labeled single-stranded nucleic acid comprising at least two fluorescent atomic group pairs that exhibit an exciton effect within each fluorescent atomic group pair, whereinan emission peak wavelength of a fluorescent atomic group pair J is shorter than an excitation peak wavelength of a fluorescent atomic group pair K,
the fluorescent atomic group pair J and the fluorescent atomic group pair K are both cations,
the fluorescent atomic group pairs J and K have a Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) effect between each other,
each of a base having the fluorescent atomic group pair J or K that exhibits an exciton effect has a structure represented by the following formula (16), (16b), (17), or (17b):
where in the formulae (16), (16b), (17), and (17b),Z11 and Z12 are each a fluorescent atomic group that exhibits an exciton effect, and may be identical to or different from each other,
Z11 and Z12 constitute a fluorescent atomic group pair,
B is an atomic group having a natural nucleobase skeleton or an artificial nucleobase skeleton, wherein the natural nucleobase is adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine or uracil,
E is:
(i) an atomic group having a deoxyribose skeleton, a ribose skeleton, or a structure derived from either one of them, or
(ii) an atomic group having a peptide structure or a peptoid structure,
L1, L2, and L3 are each a linking atom or a linking atomic group, having any number of main chain atoms, each may or may not contain each of C, N, O, S, P, and Si in the main chain, each may or may not contain each of a single bond, a double bond, a triple bond, an amide bond, an ester bond, a disulfide bond, an imino group, an ether bond, a thioether bond, and a thioester bond in the main chain, and may be identical to or different from each other,
D is CR, N, P, P?O, B, or SiR where R is a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, or any substituent, and
b is a single bond, a double bond, or a triple bond, or alternatively,
in the formulae (16) and (16b), L1- and L2 are each a linker, L3, D, and b may not be present, and L1 and L2 may be bound directly to B, provided that:
in the formulae (16) and (17), E is an atomic group described in the item (i), and at least one O atom in a phosphoric acid linkage may be substituted with an S atom;
in the formulae (16b) and (17b), E is an atomic group described in the item (ii);
in the formulae (17) and (17b), the respective Bs may be identical to or different from each other, and the respective Es may be identical to or different from each other; and
the base having the fluorescent atomic group pair J and the base having the fluorescent atomic group pair K are contained in the labeled single-stranded nucleic acid at a distance at which there are from 1 to 5 bases between the base having the fluorescent atomic group pair J and the base having the fluorescent atomic group pair K.

US Pat. No. 10,428,365

QUANTITATIVE STERILE FIELD ANALYSIS SYSTEM

1. A settle plate holder for a settle plate to collect airborne particulates in an operating room, said settle plate holder comprising:a planar circular base for securing a settle plate, said planar circular base having a top face and two opposing plate securing flanges extending perpendicularly from said top face and each having an upper abutting lip;
said planar circular base devoid of a side wall; and
a protective cover allowing airflow over a placed settle plate, said protective cover hingeably coupled to said planar circular base, said protective cover comprising two parallel arms extending across a substantial length of said planar circular base and an arcuate wire centered upon said two parallel arms.

US Pat. No. 10,428,345

CORN PLANT EVENT MON87460 AND COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS FOR DETECTION THEREOF

Monsanto Technology LLC, ...

3. A corn seed comprising the polynucleotide of SEQ ID NO: 2 or a complement thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,428,323

REAGENTS AND METHODS FOR ESTERIFICATION

Wisconsin Alumni Research...

1. A method for esterifying one or more carboxylic acid groups in an organic or biological molecule which comprises contacting the organic or biological molecule with a compound of formula I:
or salts thereof, where:
R is an alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl group or hydrogen,
RA is an alkyl or alkoxy at the para position on the indicated phenyl ring, and
RM is an alkyl, alkenyl, alkynyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, or arylalkyl group which is optionally substituted with one or more alkyl, alkoxy, aryl, alkylaryl, halogen, haloalkyl, or haloalkoxy group.

US Pat. No. 10,428,297

WATER-SOLUBLE UNIT DOSE ARTICLES MADE FROM A COMBINATION OF DIFFERENT FILMS

MONOSOL, LLC, Merrillvil...

1. A water-soluble unit dose article comprising at least one sealed compartment, the water-soluble unit dose article comprisinga first water soluble film comprising a first water soluble resin;
and a second water soluble film comprising a second water soluble resin;
wherein the first film is sealed to the second film to form the at least one sealed compartment;
wherein the first water soluble resin comprises at least one polyvinyl alcohol homopolymer or at least one polyvinyl alcohol copolymer or a blend thereof, the at least one polyvinyl alcohol homopolymer or at least one polyvinyl alcohol copolymer or blend thereof having a 4% solution viscosity in demineralized water at 25° C. in a range of about 8 cP to about 40 cP, or about 12 cP to about 30 cP, or about 14 cP to about 25 cP;
wherein the second water soluble resin comprises at least one polyvinyl alcohol homopolymer or at least one polyvinyl alcohol copolymer or a blend thereof, the at least one polyvinyl alcohol homopolymer or at least one polyvinyl alcohol copolymer or blend thereof having a 4% solution viscosity in demineralized water at 25° C. in a range of about 4 cP to about 35 cP, or about 10 cP to about 20 cP, or about 10 cP to about 15 cP, or about 12 cP to about 14 cP; and
wherein the 4% solution viscosity in demineralized water at 25° C. of the at least one polyvinyl alcohol homopolymer or the at least one polyvinyl alcohol copolymer or the blend thereof of the first water soluble resin is greater than the 4% solution viscosity in demineralized water at 25° C. of the at least one polyvinyl alcohol homopolymer or the at least one polyvinyl alcohol copolymer or the blend thereof of the second water soluble resin and the difference between the 4% solution viscosity in demineralized water at 25° C. of the at least one polyvinyl alcohol homopolymer or the at least one polyvinyl alcohol copolymer or the blend thereof of the first water soluble resin and the 4% solution viscosity in demineralized water at 25° C. of the at least one polyvinyl alcohol homopolymer or the at least one polyvinyl alcohol copolymer or the blend thereof of the second water soluble resin is about 2 cP to about 20 cP, or about 3 cP to about 15 cP, or about 4 cP to about 12 cP;
provided that when the sealed compartment contains a fabric care or household care composition and a film comprises a blend of a polyvinyl alcohol homopolymer resin and an anionic polyvinyl alcohol copolymer resin, then both then first water soluble film and the second water soluble film comprise blends that include 65 wt. % or greater of an anionic polyvinyl alcohol copolymer resin, based on the total weight of polyvinyl alcohol resins in the blend; and
provided that when the sealed compartment contains a fabric care or household care composition and a film comprises a blend of at least two anionic polyvinyl alcohol copolymer resins, then both then first water soluble film and the second water soluble film comprise blends of at least two anionic polyvinyl alcohol copolymer resins.

US Pat. No. 10,428,295

FABRIC WRINKLE REDUCTION COMPOSITION

Colgate-Palmolive Company...

1. A fabric conditioner composition comprising:a cationic fabric softener, which is an esterquat having the formula:

wherein:
R4 is an aliphatic hydrocarbon group having from 8 to 22 carbon atoms,
R2 and R3 represent (CH2)S—R5,
R5 is an alkoxy carbonyl group containing from 8 to 22 carbon atoms, benzyl, phenyl, C1-C4 alkyl substituted phenyl, OH, or H,
R6 is benzyl, phenyl, C1-C4 alkyl substituted phenyl, OH, or H,
q, s, and t, are each independently an integer from 1 to 3, and
X? is a softener compatible anion; and
0.02 to 0.04% by weight of an amino-functional, epoxide group containing silicone polymer having a weight average molecular weight of 400,000 to 900,000 that exhibits a capability of reducing the number of fabric wrinkles same as a composition that has 5% by weight of the same silicone polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,428,289

METHODS FOR MAKING AND DISTRIBUTING BATCHES OF BUTANE-ENRICHED GASOLINE

1. An automated method of generating key performance indicators of a butane blending operation comprising:a) providing a central information processing unit that maintains hourly time;
b) providing a petroleum conduit and a flow of petroleum through said conduit;
c) providing a butane supply and a butane blending system on said petroleum conduit;
d) detecting points in time when said butane blending system stops and resumes operation;
e) associating said points in time with said hourly time, and generating data corresponding to segments of hourly time when said butane blending system stopped and resumed operation during a given time frame (“inoperative time segments”).

US Pat. No. 10,428,287

SUBSEA FLUID PROCESSING SYSTEM

AKER SOLUTIONS AS, Lysak...

1. A subsea fluid processing system configured to receive a wellstream flow, the subsea fluid processing system comprising:a pressure control device configured to regulate a pressure of the wellstream flow;
a gas-liquid separator unit configured to receive the wellstream flow downstream of the pressure control device and to provide a liquid stream and a gas stream;
a first membrane separator configured to receive the gas stream and to provide a retentate stream and a permeate stream;
a compressor configured to receive the permeate stream and to provide a compressed permeate stream;
a discharge cooler configured to receive the compressed permeate stream and to provide a cooled compressed permeate stream for injection into a subsurface reservoir; and
a heat exchanger configured to transfer heat from the compressed permeate stream to the wellstream flow,
wherein, a density of the cooled compressed permeate stream is higher than a density of the compressed permeate stream.

US Pat. No. 10,428,286

ASSOCIATIVE POLYMERS FOR USE IN A FLOW AND RELATED COMPOSITIONS, METHODS AND SYSTEMS

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF T...

1. A framing associative polymer comprising:a linear, branched, or hyperbranched polymer backbone having at least two ends and a functional group presented at two or more ends of the at least two ends of the linear, branched, or hyperbranched polymer backbone;wherein the linear, branched, or hyperbranched polymer backbone is substantially soluble in a host non-polar composition,wherein a number of the functional groups presented at the two or more ends is formed by associative functional groups each capable of undergoing an associative interaction with another associative functional group in the non-polar composition with an association constant (k), wherein
in which Rg is the radius of gyration of the framing associative polymer in the non-polar composition in nanometers, Na is Avogadro's constant; and nF is the average number of the associative functional groups in the framing associative polymer,wherein a longest span of the framing associative polymer has a contour length Lf, such that ½ Lbf?Lf
in which Fbf is the rupture force of the framing associative polymer in nanonewtons, Re is the Reynolds number, d is the characteristic length of the flow in meters, p is the viscosity of the host non-polar composition ?h or the viscosity of the associative non polar composition ?a in Pa·s, and ? is the density of the host non-polar composition ?h or the viscosity of the associative non polar composition ?a in kg/m3,
wherein when c?2 c*, ? is the viscosity of the host non-polar composition ?h, ? is the density of the host non-polar composition ?h, and when c>2 c*, ? is the viscosity of the associative non-polar composition ?a, and ? is the density of the associative non-polar composition ?a,
and wherein

in which Mw is the weight-average molecular weight, Rg is the radius of gyration, and Na is Avogadro's constant.

US Pat. No. 10,428,276

FEED MIXTURE FOR PRODUCING HYDROCARBONS

1. A process for producing hydrocarbons comprising:combining one or more carbonaceous feedstocks with water and an additional component of a texturing agent to obtain a feed mixture;
pressurizing said feed mixture to a pressure substantially in a range of 150 to 375 bar; and
heating the pressurized feed mixture to a temperature substantially in a range of 300 to 430° C.,
wherein the texturing agent is adapted to stabilize the feed mixture to prevent separation and further to maintain the feed mixture as a homogenous mixture during the pressurizing step,
wherein the texturing agent is adapted to be converted or degraded during the hydrocarbon production process, and
wherein the texturing agent comprises a derivative of a cellulosic material and is selected from microcrystalline cellulose (MCC), nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC), polyanionic cellulose (PAC), a derivative of methylcellulose, and a combination thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,428,273

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOUND HAVING BENZOPYRAN SKELETON, LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

JNC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A liquid crystal composition, containing at least one compound represented by formula (1) as component (a):
wherein, in formula (1),
R1 and R2 are independently hydrogen, alkyl having 1 to 16 carbons, alkenyl having 2 to 16 carbons, cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl or cyclopentyl, and in the alkyl and the alkenyl, at least one —CH2—is optionally replaced by —O—, —S—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO—, —OCOO—, —C?C—, cyclopropane-1,2-diyl or —Si(CH3)2—, and in the groups, at least one hydrogen is optionally replaced by fluorine or chlorine, and in the groups, at least one —CH3 is optionally replaced by any one of monovalent groups (G1) to (G4) below;

wherein, in groups (G1) to (G4),
R3 is alkyl having 1 to 12 carbons or alkenyl having 2 to 12 carbons, and in the alkyl and the alkenyl, at least one —CH2 — is optionally replaced by —O—, and in the groups, at least one hydrogen is optionally replaced by fluorine or chlorine; and
in formula (1),
ring A1 and ring A2 are independently 1 ,4-cyclohexylene, 1,4-cyclohexenylene, 1,4-phenylene, decahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl, tetrahydronaphthalene-2,6-diyl or naphthalene-2,6-diyl, and in the groups, one or two pieces of —CH2 — is optionally replaced by —O—, —S—, —CO—, —CF2—, —SiH2— or —Si(CH3)2—, and one or two pieces of —CH2CH2 — is optionally replaced by —CH?CH— or —CH?N—, and in the groups, at least one hydrogen on an aromatic ring is optionally replaced by halogen, —CF3, —CHF2, —CH2F, —OCF3, —OCHF2, —OCH2F, or —C?N;
Z1 and Z2 are independently a single bond or alkylene having 1 to 4 carbons, and one —CH2— is optionally replaced by —O— or —CO—, and at least one —CH2CH2— is optionally replaced by —CH?CH— or —C?C—, and in the groups, at least one hydrogen is optionally replaced by fluorine or chlorine;
X, L1 and L2 are independently hydrogen or halogen;
Y is —CO— or —CF2—; and
a and b are independently 0, 1 or 2.

US Pat. No. 10,428,270

HYBRID FLUORESCENT MATERIAL AND METHOD OF PRODUCING SAME

NICHIA CORPORATION, Anan...

1. A method of producing a hybrid fluorescent material comprising:dispersing Lu3Al5O12:Ce fluorescent material particles in a first solution;
mixing the first solution in a second solution, the second solution including a mixture of a first metallic salt containing at least one element selected from the group consisting of yttrium, gadolinium, and terbium, a second metallic salt containing aluminum and/or gallium, and a third metallic salt containing cerium,
wherein the mixing attaches (Y,Gd,Tb)3(Al,Ga)5O12:Ce fluorescent material precursor particles on surfaces of the Lu3Al5O12:Ce fluorescent material particles to obtain a hybrid fluorescent material precursor;
separating the hybrid fluorescent material precursor particles from the first and second solutions; and
calcining the hybrid fluorescent material precursor particles to obtain a hybrid fluorescent material of Lu3Al5O12:Ce fluorescent material particles covered by (Y,Gd,Tb)3(Al,Ga)5O12:Ce fluorescent material,
wherein the first solution contains ammonium hydrogen carbonate or ammonium carbonate.

US Pat. No. 10,428,269

INDENOTRIPHENYLENE DERIVATIVE AND ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENCE DEVICE USING THE SAME

5. An organic electroluminescence device, comprising a pair of electrodes composed of a cathode and an anode, and a light emitting layer and one or more organic thin film layers between the pair of electrodes, wherein at least one of the light emitting layer and the organic thin film layer comprises the indenotriphenylene derivative of claim 1.

US Pat. No. 10,428,267

METHODS FOR PRODUCING SOLID CERAMIC PARTICLES USING A MICROWAVE FIRING PROCESS

CARBO CERAMICS, INC., Ho...

1. A method for forming sintered substantially round and spherical pellets, comprising:forming substantially round and spherical green pellets from raw materials comprising water and kaolin clay; and
sintering the green pellets in a microwave furnace at a temperature of from about 1350° C. to about 1620° C. for a time at peak temperature of from about 20 to about 200 minutes, to form a proppant having a bulk density of from about 1.3 to about 1.6 g/cm3 and a crush percent at 7500 psi of from about 1.5 to about 3.5.

US Pat. No. 10,428,265

SELECTIVE ACIDIZING OF A SUBTERRANEAN FORMATION

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method of acidizing a subterranean formation, comprising:pumping an acid-resisting treatment composition comprising a surface modification agent comprising at least one of a tackifying agent or resin, a hydroxy-reactive organosilicon compound, or a phosphonate compound into the subterranean formation, wherein the acid-resisting treatment composition further comprises about 0.001 wt % to about 10 wt % of a viscosifier; then
producing an at least partially acid-resistant coating comprising the surface modification agent or a reaction product thereof on at least a part of the subterranean formation; and then
pumping an acidizing composition into the subterranean formation, wherein the acidizing composition at least one of etches and dissolves another part of the subterranean formation substantially free of the acid-resistant coating.