US Pat. No. 10,340,190

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR FORMING THE SAME

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method for fabricating a semiconductor device structure, comprising:forming a first fin structure over a substrate;
forming an isolation feature over the substrate;
forming a gate structure over the first fin structure and the isolation feature;
recessing a portion of the first fin structure that is not directly below the gate structure to form a first recess extending into a portion of the isolation feature that is not directly below the gate structure;
epitaxially growing a first semiconductor layer in the first recess of the first fin structure at a first temperature in a range of about 400° C. to about 700° C. so that the first semiconductor layer has a surface with [110] plane orientation, wherein the first semiconductor layer has a first dopant concentration of P;
epitaxially growing a second semiconductor layer covering the first semiconductor layer;
forming a second fin structure adjacent to the first fin structure;
recessing the second fin structure to form a second recess adjacent to the gate structure; and
epitaxially growing a third semiconductor layer in the second recess of the second fin structure at the first temperature so that the third semiconductor layer has a surface with [110] plane orientation, wherein the first semiconductor layer is separated from the third semiconductor layer by the second semiconductor layer, and wherein the surface of the first semiconductor layer with [110] plane orientation and the surface of the third semiconductor layer with [110] plane orientation face toward each other.

US Pat. No. 10,340,189

SOURCE AND DRAIN EPITAXIAL SEMICONDUCTOR MATERIAL INTEGRATION FOR HIGH VOLTAGE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a substrate having a first region and a second region;
a first plurality of Fin Field Effect Transistors (FinFETs) are present in a first region of the substrate, the first plurality of Fin Field Effect Transistors including a first set of fin structures having a first pitch, and merged epitaxial semiconductor material of a single composition on source and drain region portions of the first set of fin structures; and
a second plurality of Fin Field Effect Transistors (FinFETs) is present in the second region of the substrate, the second plurality of FinFETs include a second set of fin structures having a second pitch that is greater than the first pitch of the first set of fin structures, wherein the second plurality of FinFETs include a composite epitaxial semiconductor material on the source and drain region portions of the second set of fin structures, the composite epitaxial semiconductor material includes a first non-merged portion, and a second bridging portion extending into contact between adjacent fin structures in the second set of fin structures, the second bridging portion having a planar upper surface that extends above an upper surface of the second set of fin structures, and planar sidewalls that are perpendicular to the planar upper surface, wherein the perpendicular relationship of the planar sidewalls and the planar upper surface extends to an edge interface of the planar sidewalls and the planar upper surface.

US Pat. No. 10,340,185

GATE ALIGNED CONTACT AND METHOD TO FABRICATE SAME

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An integrated circuit structure, comprising:a first silicon body having a longest dimension along a first direction;
a second silicon body having a longest dimension along the first direction;
a first gate line over the first silicon body and over the second silicon body along a second direction, the second direction orthogonal to the first direction, wherein the first gate line has a first discontinuity between the first silicon body and the second silicon body;
a second gate line over the first silicon body and over the second silicon body along the second direction, wherein the second gate line has a second discontinuity between the first silicon body and the second silicon body, the second discontinuity laterally adjacent to the first discontinuity, and wherein each of the first gate line and the second gate line comprises a high-k gate dielectric layer, a gate electrode, and a dielectric cap layer;
a trench contact line over the first silicon body and over the second silicon body along the second direction, the trench contact between the first gate line and the second gate line, wherein the trench contact is continuous between the first silicon body and the second silicon body at a location laterally adjacent to the first discontinuity and the second discontinuity;
a first dielectric spacer laterally between the trench contact and the first gate line; and
a second dielectric spacer laterally between the trench contact and the second gate line.

US Pat. No. 10,340,183

COBALT PLATED VIA INTEGRATION SCHEME

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A structure comprising:a via structure composed of cobalt; and
a wiring structure above the via structure, the wiring structure lined on its sidewalls with a barrier liner and the cobalt and further composed of conductive material over the cobalt and the barrier liner, the conductive material being different material than the cobalt, wherein the barrier liner is above the cobalt such that the barrier liner separates the cobalt from the conductive material in both the wiring structure and the via structure.

US Pat. No. 10,340,182

ENHANCED VIA FILL MATERIAL AND PROCESSING FOR DUAL DAMSCENE INTEGRATION

International Business Ma...

1. A process comprising coating a porous substrate with an organic polymer, where said porous substrate is composed of a porous microcircuit substrate material with surface pores optionally opening into subsurface pores, wherein said coating said porous substrate with said polymer is performed so as to eliminate or minimize penetration of said polymer into said surface pores and said subsurface pores by applying a coating comprising said polymer to the surface of said porous substrate where said polymer has a molecular weight of greater than about 5,000 and a glass transition temperature greater than a processing temperature required for forming an imaging layer and antireflective layer in said microcircuit.

US Pat. No. 10,340,180

MERGE MANDREL FEATURES

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A structure comprising:at least one metal line having a first dimension in a self-aligned double patterning (SADP) line array; and
at least one metal line having a second dimension inserted into the SADP line array, the second dimension being different than the first dimension,
wherein the at least one metal line with the second dimension comprises a first metal line and a second metal line which are merged together by a metal bridge connecting the first metal line to the second metal line, and
wherein the at least one metal line with the first dimension is a single metal line wiring structure.

US Pat. No. 10,340,177

DEVICES AND METHODS OF REDUCING DAMAGE DURING BEOL M1 INTEGRATION

GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc., Gr...

1. A method comprising:obtaining a wafer comprising at least one contact region and at least one etch stop layer disposed directly on a substrate of the wafer;
depositing directly on the wafer a thin film stack comprising at least one first dielectric layer disposed directly on the wafer, at least one second dielectric layer disposed directly on the at least one first dielectric layer, at least one hard mask layer disposed directly on the at least one second dielectric layer, wherein the at least one hard mask layer is an amorphous silicon (a-Si) layer, and at least one third dielectric layer disposed directly on the at least one hardmask layer, wherein the at least one second dielectric layer and the at least one third dielectric layer comprise silicon oxynitride;
performing lithography to pattern at least one opening;
performing lithography to pattern at least one via opening and at least one trench opening and removing the at least one third dielectric layer;
removing the at least one hard mask layer such that no hard mask remains;
performing metallization over the wafer with no liner in the at least one opening, the at least one via opening, and the at least one trench opening; and
planarizing the wafer, wherein planarizing includes removing the at least one second dielectric layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,176

SUBSTRATE MOUNTING METHOD AND SUBSTRATE MOUNTING DEVICE

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

8. A substrate mounting device comprising:a mounting table; and
a plurality of projections configured to protrude from a substrate-mounting surface of the mounting table and to support a substrate,
wherein the substrate is mounted on the mounting table by descending the plurality of projections toward the mounting table,
wherein an operation of descending the plurality of projections is halted after at least a portion of the substrate is brought into contact with the substrate-mounting surface, and the operation of descending the plurality of projections is resumed after the operation of descending the plurality of projections is halted.

US Pat. No. 10,340,175

SUBSTRATE TRANSFER TEACHING METHOD AND SUBSTRATE PROCESSING SYSTEM

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

11. A substrate processing system comprising:a processing apparatus configured to process a substrate;
a transfer unit configured to transfer the substrate with respect to the processing apparatus, the transfer unit having an arm configured to hold the substrate and movable in a horizontal direction or movable in a vertical direction and a horizontal direction;
pins provided in the processing apparatus and configured to support the substrate, the pins being movable in the vertical direction;
a position detection unit configured to detect a horizontal position of the substrate with respect to the arm;
a control unit configured to determine a delivery position of the arm in the vertical direction in a case of transferring the substrate between the pins and the arm,
wherein the control unit is configured to control the pins, the arm and the position detection unit to perform a first step of vertically moving the arm or the pins from a reference position in a first direction by a predetermined distance, a second step of moving the arm in a horizontal direction, a third step of vertically moving the arm or the pins in a second direction opposite to the first direction by a distance equal to or greater than the predetermined distance, a fourth step of detecting a horizontal position of the substrate held by the arm with respect to the arm, and a fifth step of comparing the horizontal position of the substrate detected in the fourth step and a preset position, wherein the preset position corresponds to a preset horizontal position of the substrate with reference to the arm,
wherein, when the horizontal position of the substrate detected in the fourth step is identical to the preset position, the reference position is shifted in the first direction by the predetermined distance to a shifted reference position and the first step to the fifth step are repeated based on the shifted reference position, and
wherein, when the horizontal position of the substrate detected in the fourth step deviates from the preset position, a vertical position of the arm or the pins after the first step and before the third step is determined as the delivery position.

US Pat. No. 10,340,174

MOUNTING TABLE AND PLASMA PROCESSING APPARATUS

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

6. A mounting table, comprising:a base;
an electrostatic chuck arranged on the base, the electrostatic chuck having a mounting surface on which a processing target is to be mounted;
a first hole extending through the base and the electrostatic chuck;
a second hole extending through the base and the electrostatic chuck;
a lifter pin which is received in the first hole, the lifter pin being movable up and down to protrude beyond and retract below the mounting surface so as to transfer the processing target in a vertical direction;
a first sleeve and a second sleeve respectively inserted in a first hole portion and in a second hole portion in the base, the first sleeve and the second sleeve being formed of an insulating material;
a first spacer inserted in the first sleeve and in a first hole portion in the electrostatic chuck, the first spacer being formed of an insulating material; and
a second spacer inserted in the second sleeve and in a second hole portion in the electrostatic chuck,
wherein a gas supply path configured to supply a heat transfer gas is formed inside of the second spacer and a radial space in the gas supply path is narrowed by the second sleeve and the second spacer to prevent a discharge in the gas supply path,
wherein the second sleeve is in contact with the base in the second hole portion in the base and a top end of the second sleeve is in contact with a backside surface of the electrostatic chuck,
wherein the second spacer extends from a bottom end of the second sleeve up to the mounting surface of the electrostatic chuck,
wherein the first spacer has an accommodating portion and a flange portion, the accommodation portion extending from a bottom end of the first sleeve up to the mounting surface of the electrostatic chuck and the flange portion having a flange shape protruding outwardly in a radial direction of the accommodation portion, wherein an upper surface of the flange portion faces a lower surface of the base, and
wherein the first sleeve has a flange portion.

US Pat. No. 10,340,172

SEMICONDUCTOR WAFER SURFACE PROTECTION FILM AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

MITSUI CHEMICALS TOHCELLO...

1. A semiconductor wafer surface protection film comprising a substrate layer A, an adhesive absorption layer B, and an adhesive surface layer C in the order presented, whereinthe adhesive absorption layer B comprises an adhesive composition comprising a thermoset resin b1,
a minimum value, G?bmin, of a storage elastic modulus, G?b, in a range of 25° C. or higher and lower than 250° C. of the adhesive absorption layer B is 0.001 MPa or higher and lower than 0.1 MPa, the storage elastic modulus at 250° C., G?b250, of the adhesive absorption layer B is 0.005 MPa or higher and 10 MPa or lower, and the temperature at which the G?bmin is exhibited is 50° C. or higher and 150° C. or lower, and
a minimum value, G?cmin, of a storage elastic modulus, G?c, in a range of 25° C. or higher and lower than 250° C. of the adhesive surface layer C is 0.03 MPa or higher and lower than 3 MPa.

US Pat. No. 10,340,171

PERMANENT SECONDARY EROSION CONTAINMENT FOR ELECTROSTATIC CHUCK BONDS

LAM RESEARCH CORPORATION,...

1. A substrate support in a substrate processing chamber, the substrate support comprising:a baseplate,
a ceramic layer arranged on the baseplate, the ceramic layer arranged to support a substrate;
a bond layer arranged between the ceramic layer and the baseplate; and
a seal arranged between the ceramic layer and the baseplate around an outer perimeter of the bond layer, wherein the seal includes
an inner layer formed adjacent to the bond layer, wherein the inner layer comprises a first material, and wherein the first material includes at least one of silicone and an epoxy, and
an outer layer formed adjacent to the inner layer such that the inner layer is between the outer layer and the bond layer, wherein the outer layer comprises a second material,
wherein the inner layer extends from an upper surface of the baseplate to a lower surface of the ceramic layer to seal the bond layer from the substrate processing chamber,
an outer surface of the inner layer is concave and the outer layer includes an O-ring, and
the outer layer does not contact the bond layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,169

ANTIREFLECTION MEMBER AND ORIENTER APPARATUS HAVING A THIRD PLATE PART WITH A SECOND NOTCH PART AND AN ANTIREFLECTION SURFACE

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. An antireflection member comprising:a first plate part that has a first end and a second end, the second end being arranged at a side opposite to the first end;
a second plate part that extends from a vicinity of the first end, a first notch part being arranged on the second plate part, the second plate part having an antireflection surface; and
a third plate part that extends from a vicinity of the second end to be opposed to the second plate part, a second notch part being arranged at a position corresponding to the first notch part on the third plate part, the third plate part having an antireflection surface directed to the antireflection surface of the second plate part.

US Pat. No. 10,340,168

LOAD PORT AND EFEM

SINFONIA TECHNOLOGY CO., ...

1. A load port that is provided adjacent to a wafer transport chamber for taking in and out a wafer between the wafer transport chamber and a wafer storage container, the wafer storage container having a main body and a lid part, the main body having an abutment surface surrounding a periphery of the lid part, comprising:a plate-shaped part that constitutes a part of a wall of the wafer transport chamber, and has an opening for opening the wafer transport chamber;
a door part for opening and closing the opening; the door part includes a connecting means for latch operation which opens and closes the lid part and for holding the lid part; the connecting means being configured so as in an open configuration to make the lid part openable by performing the latch operation to the lid part, and connect so as to integrate the lid part to the door part and in a closed configuration to release the connection of the door part and the lid part and attach the lid part to the main body;
a mounting table that is configured to mount the wafer storage container so as to oppose the lid part for opening and closing an internal space of the wafer storage container to the door part, and to move to and from the plate-shaped part;
an elastic ring member that is provided on the mounting table side of the plate-shaped part so as to surround a peripheral edge of the opening,
wherein the elastic ring member elastically contacts the abutment surface by moving the mounting table toward the plate-shaped part, further comprising an engaging piece that is engageable with a flange part provided in a periphery of the lid part in the wafer storage container, and a pulling unit that pulls the engaging piece into the plate-shaped part side in a state of being engaged with the flange part, said engaging piece is attached to a shaft so as to be rotatable around the shaft,
wherein a plurality of the engaging piece and the respective shaft are provided exteriorly at both right and left sides to the opening and separate from the connecting means and
a second elastic ring member provided on the door part side of the plate-shaped part so as to surround a peripheral edge of the opening, wherein when the door part closes the opening, the second elastic ring member provided on the door part side elastically contacts the door part, so as to obtain a seal between the plate-shaped part and the door part.

US Pat. No. 10,340,166

SUBSTRATES HANDLING IN A DEPOSITION SYSTEM

1. A substrate handling system, comprising:a first planar panel with one or more openings, wherein the one or more openings has larger dimensions than one or more substrates, wherein the substrate is mounted on any of the one or more openings;
a first sets of fingers amounted on top side of the first planar panel, wherein the first sets of fingers point away from the substrate at an angle from zero to 60 degrees relative to the first planar panel, wherein the first sets of fingers are on edge of the one or more opening, wherein there is some space between the first sets of fingers and a depositing surface of the substrate, wherein the first sets of fingers make physical contact with edge of the substrate, wherein the depositing surface amounts to full surface of the substrate;
a second planar panel coupled to the first panel, wherein the second planar panel is situated over the one more substrates; and
a second sets of fingers amounted on bottom side of the second planar panel, wherein the second sets of fingers point away from the substrate at an angle from zero to 60 degrees relative to the second planar panel, wherein the first sets of fingers and the second sets of fingers form a cage that confines the one more substrates.

US Pat. No. 10,340,165

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR AUTOMATED MULTI-ZONE DETECTION AND MODELING

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A semiconductor tool comprising:an illumination source configured to generate an illumination beam;
one or more illumination optical elements configured to direct a portion of the illumination beam to a sample;
a detector;
one or more collection optical elements configured to direct radiation emanating from the sample to the detector; and
a controller communicatively coupled to the detector, the controller including one or more processors configured to execute program instructions configured to cause the one or more processors to:
measure alignment at a plurality of locations across the sample to generate alignment data based on the collection of radiation emanating from the sample by the detector in response to illumination from the illumination beam;
select an analysis area for alignment zone determination including at least some of the plurality of locations across the sample;
determine one or more zone boundaries dividing the analysis area into two or more alignment zones having different alignment signatures by minimizing, within a selected tolerance providing a selected trigger condition, interzone variations of portions of the alignment data associated with difference locations within the two or more alignment zones;
model the portions of the alignment data associated with the two or more alignment zones using two or more alignment models when the specified trigger condition is met; and
provide overlay data to correct for overlay errors in at least one of the sample or one or more additional samples, wherein the overlay data is based on the two or more alignment models applied to the two or more alignment zones when the specified trigger condition is met.

US Pat. No. 10,340,160

METHOD OF FORMING A SEMICONDUCTOR DIE CUTTING TOOL

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A method of forming a tool for a semiconductor wafer comprising:forming the tool to reduce a thickness of a semiconductor material formed on a semiconductor wafer;
forming the tool with a cutting tip and cutting surfaces that are configured to penetrate into the semiconductor material to form reduced thickness regions in the semiconductor material including forming some of the cutting surfaces to intersect and form a cutting volume; and
forming an accumulation region of the tool with a recess having a first volume for accepting portions of the semiconductor material displaced from within the semiconductor material by the penetration wherein the first volume is no less than the cutting volume.

US Pat. No. 10,340,159

CLEANING CHEMICAL SUPPLYING DEVICE, CLEANING CHEMICAL SUPPLYING METHOD, AND CLEANING UNIT

EBARA CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A device adapted to supply a cleaning chemical to a substrate cleaning device, comprising:a De-Ionized Water (“DIW”) supply source;
a DIW supply pipeline adapted to be fluidly coupled to the DIW supply source and the substrate cleaning device, the DIW supply pipeline including a DIW supply valve and a DIW pressure control regulator;
a DIW branch pipeline, the DIW branch pipeline connected to the DIW supply pipeline between the DIW supply valve and the DIW pressure control regulator;
a dilution water switching unit adapted to be fluidly coupled to the DIW branch pipeline, a first DIW pipeline and a second DIW pipeline;
a first chemical supply source;
a first chemical supply pipeline fluidly communicating with the first chemical supply source;
a first chemical control device fluidly communicating with the first chemical supply pipeline and a first chemical pipeline;
a second chemical supply source;
a second chemical supply pipeline fluidly communicating with the second chemical supply source;
a second chemical control device fluidly communicating with the second chemical supply pipeline and a second chemical pipeline;
a first mixing unit fluidly coupled to each of the first chemical pipeline, the first dilution water pipeline, and a first cleaning chemical pipeline, the first cleaning chemical pipeline fluidly communicating with the substrate cleaning device; and
a second mixing unit fluidly coupled to each of the second chemical pipeline, the second dilution water pipeline, and a second cleaning chemical pipeline, the second cleaning chemical pipeline fluidly communicating with the substrate cleaning device;
wherein the dilution water switching unit includes a DIW closed loop controller (“CLC”), a first supply valve of the first DIW pipeline and a second supply valve of the second DIW pipeline, the DIW CLC includes a DIW internal control valve, the DIW CLC measures a flow rate of DIW flowing through the DIW CLC and controls the DIW internal control valve on the basis of the measured flow rate of DIW;
wherein the first chemical control device includes at least a first CLC, the first CLC includes a first internal control valve, the first CLC measures a flow rate of first chemical flowing through the first CLC and controls the first internal control valve on the basis of the measured flow rate of the first chemical; and
wherein the second chemical control device includes at least a second CLC, the second CLC includes a second internal control valve, the second CLC measures a flow rate of second chemical flowing through the second CLC and controls the second internal control valve on the basis of the measured flow rate of the second chemical.

US Pat. No. 10,340,157

MINI-ENVIRONMENT APPARATUS

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A mini-environment apparatus, comprising:a wafer transportation machine configured with a transport arm configured to transport a wafer;
a wafer transportation room provided with the wafer transportation machine and passed by the wafer transported to a processing room;
a circulating passage where a gas detoured from the wafer transportation room flows;
a blower configured to form a circulating current falling in the wafer transportation room and rising in the circulating passage;
a current guide arranged in a ceiling part of the wafer transportation room and configured to laminarize the circulating current and introduce this laminarized circulating current into the wafer transportation room;
a particle removal filter arranged in either the ceiling part of the wafer transportation room or the circulating passage; and
a chemical filter arranged detachably in the circulating passage and separately from the particle removal filter, wherein
the chemical filter is arranged at a position lower than a lowest position where the wafer may pass through in the wafer transportation room,
two shutters configured to shield the circulating current in the circulating passage are arranged in the circulating passage so as to sandwich the chemical filter from up and down directions, and a filter removal window configured such that the chemical filter can be removed from the circulating passage through the filter removal window, the filter removal window arranged between the two shutters in the circulating passage, and
the two shutters are located at a position lower than a lowest position of the transport arm.

US Pat. No. 10,340,155

SEMICONDUCTOR STRUCTURE AND METHOD OF FORMING

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method, comprising:forming a dielectric layer;
after forming the dielectric layer, patterning the dielectric layer to create a cavity in the dielectric layer, a plurality of contacts being exposed in the cavity, wherein all contacts of the plurality of contacts are disposed on and physically connected to a single redistribution layer overlying a substrate;
after patterning the dielectric layer, bonding a component to the plurality of contacts, a perimeter of the cavity extending around a perimeter of the component
after bonding the component to the plurality of contacts, placing underfill in the cavity in a manner that causes the underfill to fill spaces under the component and around the plurality of contacts, wherein the underfill is placed in liquid form in a first area of the cavity, and the underfill flows from the first area into the spaces under the component and around the plurality of contacts, and wherein after the underfill fills the spaces under the component and around the plurality of contacts, a first section of the underfill extends a first distance away from a first sidewall of the component towards a first sidewall of the dielectric layer, a second section of the underfill extends a second distance away from a second sidewall of the component towards a second sidewall of the dielectric layer, and the first distance is greater than the second distance; and
forming a connector over the dielectric layer beside the cavity, wherein the connector extends through the dielectric layer to contact an underlying conductor that is at a same level of metallization as the plurality of contacts and attaches to the single redistribution layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,154

BONDING JUNCTION STRUCTURE

1. A bonding joining structure in which a heat generating body and a support comprising a metal are joined to each other via a joint portion composed of a sintered body of copper powder,wherein the support contains copper or gold, the copper or gold being present in at least an outermost surface of the support, and
an interdiffusion portion in which copper or gold contained in the support and copper contained in the sintered body are diffused to each other is formed so as to straddle a bonding interface between the support and the sintered body.

US Pat. No. 10,340,152

MECHANICAL COUPLINGS DESIGNED TO RESOLVE PROCESS CONSTRAINTS

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

1. An integrated circuit package, comprising:a shunt resistor having at least one self-aligning member that protrudes from a first surface of the shunt resistor; and
a lead frame having at least one self-aligning feature, wherein the self-aligning feature is a cavity extending from a first surface of the lead frame facing the first surface of the shunt resistor and the at least one self-aligning member is located within the cavity that form the at least one self-aligning feature; and
an integrated circuit located on said lead frame.

US Pat. No. 10,340,151

SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS, HEATING APPARATUS, CEILING HEAT INSULATOR, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

KOKUSAI ELECTRIC CORPORAT...

1. A ceiling heat insulator, which is located above a side wall heat insulator of a heating apparatus for a substrate processing apparatus for processing a substrate, the ceiling heat insulator comprising:an upper heat insulator;
a lower heat insulator; and
at least one gas-flow path allowing a cooling gas to pass therethrough so that the ceiling heat insulator includes a portion which has a solid cross-sectional area in an outer edge side of the ceiling heat insulator that is smaller than that in a center side of the ceiling heat insulator,
wherein each of the upper heat insulator and the lower heat insulator includes a concave portion, which is located outside the substrate and has a circular arc shape, a center of the circular arc shape being located at a central portion of the ceiling heat insulator, and
wherein the upper heat insulator and the lower heat insulator overlap with each other so that the concave portion of the upper heat insulator and the concave portion of the lower heat insulator are disposed to face each other and define the at least one gas-flow path.

US Pat. No. 10,340,146

RELIABILITY CAPS FOR HIGH-K DIELECTRIC ANNEALS

GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc., Gr...

1. A method comprising:depositing a first layer comprised of a metal silicon nitride on a high-k dielectric material;
thermally processing the high-k dielectric material in an oxygen-containing ambient environment with the first layer arranged as a cap between the high-k dielectric material and the oxygen-containing ambient environment; and
after the high-k dielectric material is thermally processed, completely removing the first layer with a wet chemical etching process,
wherein the first layer blocks transport of oxygen from the oxygen-containing ambient environment to the high-k dielectric material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,142

METHODS, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR SELF-ALIGNED METAL HARD MASKS

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A method, comprising:forming a gate disposed on a semiconductor substrate and having a first side and a second side;
forming a metal hard mask disposed on the gate and having a first side and second side, wherein the first side of the metal hard mask is vertically aligned with the first side of the gate and the second side of the metal hard mask is vertically aligned with the second side of the gate;
forming a nitride region disposed on the metal hard mask and having a first side and second side, wherein at least a portion of the first side of the nitride region is vertically aligned with the first sides of the gate and the metal hard mask, at least a portion of the second side of the nitride region is vertically aligned with the second sides of the gate and the metal hard mask; and the nitride region is T-shaped;
forming a spacer disposed on the first sides of the gate and the metal hard mask and on the second sides of the gate and the metal hard mask, wherein a top of the spacer is above a top of the metal hard mask;
forming a first source/drain (S/D) region disposed in proximity to the first side of the gate; and
forming a second S/D region disposed in proximity to the second side of the gate.

US Pat. No. 10,340,141

PATTERNING METHOD FOR SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND STRUCTURES RESULTING THEREFROM

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A method comprising:defining a first mandrel and a second mandrel over a hard mask layer, a topmost surface of the first mandrel is disposed in a first plane;
depositing a spacer layer over and along sidewalls of the first mandrel and the second mandrel;
forming a sacrificial material over the spacer layer between the first mandrel and the second mandrel, wherein the sacrificial material comprises an inorganic oxide, wherein the sacrificial material comprises a divot at a top surface of the sacrificial material, wherein a portion of the sacrificial material in the first plane extends continuously from a first sidewall of the spacer layer to a second sidewall of the spacer layer, the second sidewall of the spacer layer facing the first sidewall of the spacer layer, the first sidewall of the spacer layer and the second sidewall of the spacer layer are both disposed between the first mandrel and the second mandrel;
removing a first horizontal portion and a second horizontal portion of the spacer layer to expose the first mandrel and the second mandrel, wherein remaining portions of the spacer layer provide spacers on sidewalls of the first mandrel and the second mandrel, wherein the sacrificial material masks a third horizontal portion and a fourth horizontal portion of the spacer layer while removing the first horizontal portion and the second horizontal portion of the spacer layer, and wherein the divot at least partially exposes a fifth horizontal portion of the spacer layer between the third horizontal portion and the fourth horizontal portion while removing the first horizontal portion and the second horizontal portion of the spacer layer;
removing the first mandrel and the second mandrel; and
patterning the hard mask layer using the spacers and the sacrificial material as an etch mask.

US Pat. No. 10,340,140

SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND SUBSTRATE PROCESSING METHOD

TOKYO ELECTRON LIMITED, ...

1. A substrate processing apparatus, comprising:a processing vessel configured to accommodate therein a substrate as a processing target;
a first supply unit configured to supply a first gas into the processing vessel;
a second supply unit configured to supply a second gas, having a relative humidity different from that of the first gas, into the processing vessel; and
a control unit,
wherein the control unit is configured to determine a state of a gas within the processing vessel based on a relative humidity obtained after a supply of the first gas by the first supply unit and a supply of the second gas by the second supply unit are performed,
wherein the state of the gas includes a supply ratio of the first and second gases.

US Pat. No. 10,340,139

METHODS AND MASK STRUCTURES FOR SUBSTANTIALLY DEFECT-FREE EPITAXIAL GROWTH

IMEC, Leuven (BE)

1. A mask structure comprising:a first level defining a first trench extending through the first level, wherein a bottom of the first trench is defined by a substrate, wherein the first trench has a first length greater than a first width of the first trench, and wherein the first trench is oriented in a first direction along the first length; and
a second level on top of the first level, wherein the second level defines a plurality of second trenches, wherein each second trench of the plurality (i) has a second width and a second length that is greater than the second width and (ii) is oriented in a second direction along the second length,
wherein the first trench extending through the first level comprises the first trench separating the first level into a first side and a second side, wherein each second trench of the plurality extends through at least a portion of the second level over the first side of the first level, the first trench, and the second side of the first level, and
wherein the second direction is different from the first direction, thereby enabling the mask structure to trap defects in multiple directions during epitaxial growth of a semiconductor material.

US Pat. No. 10,340,135

METHOD OF TOPOLOGICALLY RESTRICTED PLASMA-ENHANCED CYCLIC DEPOSITION OF SILICON OR METAL NITRIDE

ASM IP Holding B.V., Alm...

1. A method of topology-enabling selective deposition wherein a film is deposited selectively on a top surface of a substrate having a recess pattern constituted by a bottom and sidewalls in semiconductor fabrication, comprising, in sequence:(i) supplying a precursor to a reaction space in which the substrate is placed between electrodes, said precursor containing multiple elements including silicon or metal, carbon, nitrogen, and hydrogen;
(ii) conducting purging of the reaction space, without step (i), only to the extent that a greater amount of precursor than an amount of precursor chemisorbed on the top surface of the substrate remains in a vicinity of the top surface of the substrate; and then
(iii) applying RF power between the electrodes while supplying a plasma-generating gas devoid of H and O, without step (i), to generate an ion-rich anisotropic plasma to which the substrate is exposed, thereby depositing a topologically restricted layer selectively and predominantly on the top surface of the substrate wherein substantially no layer, or a substantially thinner layer than the topologically restricted layer, is deposited on the sidewalls and the bottom of the recess pattern without becoming thinner toward the bottom of the recess pattern,
wherein the topologically restricted layer is constituted by SiCN, SiN, TiCN, TiN, ZrCN, ZrN, HfCN, HfN, TaCN, TaN, NbCN, NbN, AlCN, AlN, CoCN, CoN, CuCN, CuN, WCN, WN, RuCN, RuN, NiCN, NiN LaCN, LaN, or WFN.

US Pat. No. 10,340,134

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD, SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

KOKUSAI ELECTRIC CORPORAT...

1. A method of manufacturing a semiconductor device, comprising:forming a film on a substrate by performing a cycle n times (where n is an integer equal to or greater than 1), the cycle including alternately performing:
forming a first layer containing a borazine ring skeleton by performing a set m times (where m is an integer equal to or greater than 1), the set including:
supplying a precursor to the substrate to form a precursor layer; and
supplying a borazine compound containing the borazine ring skeleton to the precursor layer; and
forming a second layer containing the borazine ring skeleton and oxygen by supplying an oxidizing agent to the first layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,129

MICROCHANNEL PLATE AND ELECTRON MULTIPLIER

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A microchannel plate comprising:a substrate including a front surface, a rear surface, and a side surface;
a plurality of channels penetrating from the front surface to the rear surface of the substrate;
a first film provided on at least an inner wall surface of the channel;
a second film provided on the first film; and
electrode layers provided on the front surface and the rear surface of the substrate,
wherein the first film is made of Al2O3,
the second film is made of SiO2, and
the first film is thicker than the second film.

US Pat. No. 10,340,128

APPARATUS, METHOD AND NONTRANSITORY COMPUTER READABLE MEDIUM FOR MANUFACTURING INTEGRATED CIRCUIT DEVICE

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. An apparatus for manufacturing an integrated circuit device comprising:an etching treatment unit configured to etch a stacked body including an alternately arranged plurality of films having different compositions, the etching treatment unit including
a housing configured to define a treatment chamber,
a gas supply system configured to supply an etching gas to the treatment chamber,
a pump configured to exhaust gas in the treatment chamber,
a holding table configured to hold the stacked body in the treatment chamber,
a dielectric place provided above the holding table, and
a high frequency source configured to generate an electric field between the holding table and the dielectric place;
a sensor configured to detect light intensity of one wavelength of a light emission generated by etching reaction during the etching; and
a control unit configured to
detect extreme values from data relating to a temporal change in the light intensity detected by the sensor,
determine an end point of the etching based on the extreme values while the extreme values can be detected,
estimate an end point of the etching based on the extreme values detected so far when the extreme value cannot be detected from the data at all, and
cause the etching treatment unit to stop the etching when the end point is reached, the extreme values including at least one of a plurality of peak values and a plurality of bottom values, wherein
the control unit is configured to estimate the end point by deriving a cycle from a time interval of the plurality of extreme values, and to estimate time to the end point of the etching based on the time interval,
the control unit is configured to determine an etching amount after reaching a lower layer by estimating a time to the end point based on the temporal change in the light intensity during the etching, and
the time interval is derived based on an approximation formula derived from a relation between a number of the extreme values and time in the data.

US Pat. No. 10,340,121

PLASMA PROCESSING SYSTEMS INCLUDING SIDE COILS AND METHODS RELATED TO THE PLASMA PROCESSING SYSTEMS

Lam Research Corporation,...

1. A method for processing a wafer with plasma in a plasma processing system, saidplasma processing system including a chamber structure for containing said plasma, said chamber structure including a cylindrical chamber wall, said chamber structure further including a dielectric member disposed above said cylindrical chamber wall and coupled with said cylindrical chamber wall, said dielectric member including a first element and a second element connected to said first element, the method comprising:
initiating, using a set of top coils disposed above said first element of said dielectric member, said plasma inside said chamber structure, said initiating including providing a first signal of a first frequency to said set of top coils;
after said initiating, affecting, using a set of side coils surrounding said second element, distribution of said plasma, said affecting including providing a second signal of a second frequency to said set of side coils, said second frequency being different from said first frequency, said second element being perpendicular to said first element; and
moving said set of side coils along an outer surface of said second element in a direction perpendicular to a top surface of said wafer when said wafer is processed in said plasma processing system, for tuning said distribution of said plasma.

US Pat. No. 10,340,120

BLANKING APERTURE ARRAY, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING BLANKING APERTURE ARRAY, AND MULTI-CHARGED PARTICLE BEAM WRITING APPARATUS

NuFlare Technology, Inc.,...

1. A blanking aperture array for a multi-charged particle beam writing apparatus, the blanking aperture array comprising:a substrate; and
a plurality of blankers, each of the plurality of blankers including a blanking electrode and a ground electrode that are formed on a first surface of the substrate,
wherein the plurality of blankers includes at least
a normal blanker which is capable of applying a predetermined voltage between the blanking electrode and the ground electrode and for which a through hole bored through the substrate is formed, and
a defective blanker which is not capable of applying the predetermined voltage between the blanking electrode and the ground electrode and for which the through hole bored through the substrate is filled with a beam shield,
wherein, for the defective blanker, a recess is disposed on the first surface of the substrate, and
wherein a substrate body between a bottom surface of the recess and a second surface of the substrate serves as the beam shield.

US Pat. No. 10,340,114

METHOD OF ELIMINATING THERMALLY INDUCED BEAM DRIFT IN AN ELECTRON BEAM SEPARATOR

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. An apparatus comprising:an electron beam separator;
a ceramic divider disposed on the electron beam separator;
a set of electrostatic plates in an octupole arrangement disposed on the ceramic divider;
a first separator coil pair disposed around the ceramic divider and arranged on opposite sides of the electron beam separator;
a second separator coil pair disposed around the ceramic divider and arranged on opposite sides of the electron beam separator, orthogonal to the first separator coil pair;
a heater coil disposed around the electron beam separator; and
a power source configured to provide a heater coil current to the heater coil.

US Pat. No. 10,340,106

LOAD DRIVER

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A load driver for driving a load configured to receive an electric power supply from a first power supply or from a second power supply, the load driver having a first relay disposed at a position between the first power supply and the load and a second relay disposed at a position between the second power supply and the load, the load driver comprising:a controller configured to control an open state and a closed state of the first relay and the second relay by an open-close control signal;
a first open-close switch configured to control driving the first relay to the open state and the closed state based on the open-close control signal from the controller;
a second open-close switch configured to control driving the second relay to the open state and the closed state based on the open-close control signal from the controller; and
a prohibition switch configured to prohibit driving the second relay to the closed state, when the controller outputs the open-close control signal to drive the first relay to the closed state to supply electric power from the first power supply to the load via the first relay.

US Pat. No. 10,340,104

PERMANENT SHORT-CIRCUIT DEVICE

ABB SCHWEIZ AG, Baden (C...

1. A permanent short-circuit device for high-voltage power transmission applications, comprising:an enclosure with a first fixed electrically conducting body and a second fixed electrically conducting body, each being connected to a respective conductor leaving the enclosure,
wherein the first body has a first and a second surface on opposite sides of the first body,
wherein the second body has a first and a second surface on opposite sides of the second body, and
where the first surface of the first body faces the first surface of the second body and is separated therefrom by a gap with width d and the second surface of the first body is provided with explosives connected to a detonator for deforming the first body in the direction towards the first surface of the second body such that the first surface of the first body galvanically connects to the first surface of the second body across the gap, wherein the first and second bodies are tubes, where the first body is an outer body encircling the second body.

US Pat. No. 10,340,099

MOUSE WITH REMOVABLE BUTTON SWITCH

Dexin Corporation, New T...

1. A mouse with a removable button switch, comprising:a release unit, comprising a bearer, mounted on a circuit board of the mouse;
a press-fixing and ejection means, provided with a press-fixing part and an ejection part; and
a press-fixing means, the press-fixing means and the press-fixing and ejection means being oppositely disposed on both sides of the bearer, and the press-fixing means being provided with the press-fixing part;
wherein the button switch is disposed between the press-fixing means and the press-fixing and ejection means, the button switch is fixed in the bearer by the press-fixing part of the press-fixing means and the press-fixing part of the press-fixing and ejection means, and the button switch in the bearer is ejected by the ejection part of the press-fixing and ejection means.

US Pat. No. 10,340,096

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AIR MOTOR RECHARGING OF SPRING MECHANISMS

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC POWER...

1. A circuit breaker system, comprising:an electrical contact mechanism, the electrical contact mechanism movable between a closed and an open position;
an air motor, the air motor operable responsive to pressurized air supplied thereto for recharging the electrical contact mechanism following a closing operation;
an air storage tank that delivers pressurized air to the air motor, wherein air in the air storage tank is stored at a predetermined storage pressure;
a solenoid valve interposing the air motor and the air storage tank and energizable to an open state to enable pressurized air to flow to the air motor; and
a pressure regulator interposing the solenoid valve and the air storage tank to control an operating pressure of the air delivered to the air motor at a predetermined pressure level, wherein the operating pressure supplying sufficient energy to the air motor to recharge the electrical contact mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,340,095

SAFETY-SWITCH DEVICE FOR USE ON A MOVABLE DEVICE

1. A safety-switch device for use on a movable device, the safety-switch device comprising:a switch;
an enclosure surrounding the switch, the enclosure including an impact surface which serves as an actuator for the switch and a bracket that is a flexible deformable body that is mountable on a surface of a housing of the movable device, the impact surface being a separate component that is replaceably assembled on the bracket;
wherein the impact surface is constructed as a rigid element and is flexibly suspended in the bracket, so as to be movable in a horizontal, vertical, and diagonal direction between a first resting position and a second actuation position that triggers a switch operation of the switch; and
wherein a trigger mechanism is placed between the impact surface and the switch and triggers the switch when the impact surface moves to its actuation position.

US Pat. No. 10,340,090

ELECTROLYTIC CAPACITOR, AND PRODUCTION METHOD THEREFOR

PANASONIC CORPORATION, O...

1. An electrolytic capacitor comprising:an anode body;
a dielectric layer formed on the anode body;
a first conductive polymer layer covering at least a part of the dielectric layer;
a second conductive polymer layer covering at least a part of the first conductive polymer layer; and
an intermediate layer formed between the first conductive polymer layer and the second conductive polymer layer; wherein:
the intermediate layer comprises a cation agent containing a cationic group, and an anion agent containing a first anionic group and a second anionic group;
the first anionic group is a sulfonate group;
the second anionic group is at least one of species selected from a phosphate group and a phosphonate group; and
in the intermediate layer, a total of a number of the first anionic group and a number of the second anionic group is larger than a number of the cationic group.

US Pat. No. 10,340,087

MULTILAYER ELECTRONIC COMPONENT HAVING FIRST INTERNAL ELECTRODE BASE PATTERNS EXPOSED TO AN END AND OPPOSING SIDE SURFACES OF A BODY, AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A multilayer electronic component comprising:a body including a multilayer structure in which first internal electrode patterns and second internal electrode patterns different from the first internal electrode patterns are alternately stacked and containing a dielectric material;
first and second side parts disposed on respective outer surfaces of a first pair of opposing outer surfaces of the body; and
first and second external electrodes disposed on respective outer surfaces of a second pair of opposing outer surfaces of the body, the first and second external electrodes electrically connected to the first and second internal electrode patterns, respectively,
wherein the first internal electrode patterns are exposed to the outer surfaces of the first pair of outer surfaces of the body on which the first and second side parts are disposed, and
wherein at least one of the first or second side parts extends from an edge of a corresponding outer surface towards, without reaching, an opposing edge of the corresponding outer surface.

US Pat. No. 10,340,086

MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITOR AND BOARD HAVING THE SAME

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A multilayer ceramic capacitor comprising:a ceramic body including a plurality of dielectric layers stacked therein in a width direction;
an active layer including a plurality of first and second internal electrodes alternately disposed with the respective dielectric layers interposed therebetween;
first and second lead parts formed in the first internal electrode to be extended and exposed to a mounting surface of the ceramic body, and disposed to be spaced apart from each other in a length direction of the ceramic body;
a third lead part formed in the second internal electrode to be extended and exposed to the mounting surface of the ceramic body, and disposed between the first and second lead parts;
first and second external electrodes disposed on the mounting surface of the ceramic body to be spaced apart from each other in the length direction of the ceramic body, connected to the first and second lead parts, respectively, and spaced apart from first and second end surfaces of the ceramic body opposing each other in the length direction; and
a third external electrode disposed between the first and second external electrodes, extended from the mounting surface of the ceramic body onto portions of both side surfaces of the ceramic body in the width direction, and connected to the third lead part,
wherein when a thickness of the active layer is defined as AT, and a gap between the first or second lead part and the third lead part is defined as LG, the following Equation is satisfied: 0.00044?LG*log[1/AT]?0.00150,
wherein the first to third external electrodes include conductive layers coming into contact with the lead parts disposed in positions corresponding to the conductive layers, respectively, to thereby be connected to the lead parts, nickel (Ni) plating layers formed to cover the conductive layers, and tin (Sn) plating layers formed to cover the nickel plating layers, and
wherein the conductive layers are formed of the same conductive material as that of the first and second internal electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,340,085

MULTILAYER CAPACITOR AND INSTALLATION STRUCTURE OF MULTILAYER CAPACITOR

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A multilayer capacitor comprising:a multilayer capacitor main body which includes first and second main surfaces, first and second side surfaces, and first and second end surfaces, the first and second main surfaces extending in a length direction and a width direction, the first and second side surfaces extending in the length direction and a thickness direction, and the first and second end surfaces extending in the width direction and the thickness direction;
a first inner electrode extending in the length direction and the thickness direction and including a first effective portion, a first extending portion, and a second extending portion, the first extending portion being connected to the first effective portion and extending to the second main surface, and the second extending portion being connected to the first effective portion and extending to the second main surface;
a second inner electrode extending in the length direction and the thickness direction and including a second effective portion and a third extending portion, the second effective portion facing the first effective portion in the width direction, and the third extending portion being connected to the second effective portion, not facing the first inner electrode, and extending to the second main surface;
a first terminal electrode which is connected to an exposed portion of the first extending portion and extends across a portion of the second main surface on a side of the first end surface in the length direction, the first end surface, and the first and second side surfaces;
a second terminal electrode which is connected to an exposed portion of the second extending portion and extends across a portion of the second main surface on a side of the second end surface in the length direction, the second end surface, and the first and second side surfaces; and
a third terminal electrode which is connected to an exposed portion of the third extending portion and extends across a portion of the second main surface between the first terminal electrode and the second terminal electrode in the length direction and the first and second side surfaces; wherein
the first main surface is a concave surface which is depressed to extend inward in the thickness direction from edges of the first main surface towards a center of the first main surface in the width direction; and
in the thickness direction, a thickness of the third terminal electrode on the second main surface is larger than a thickness of at least one of the first and second terminal electrodes on the second main surface.

US Pat. No. 10,340,081

CERAMIC CAPACITOR

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A ceramic capacitor comprising:a capacitor main body including first and second principal surfaces extending in a length direction and a width direction perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to the length direction, first and second side surfaces extending in the length direction and a laminating direction perpendicular or substantially perpendicular to each of the length direction and the width direction, and first and second end surfaces extending in the width direction and the laminating direction;
a plurality of internal electrodes disposed in the capacitor main body, and exposed at each of the first and second side surfaces; and
a plurality of external electrodes extending from exposed portions of the internal electrodes at the first side surface and exposed portions of the internal electrodes at the second side surface to the first and second principal surfaces; wherein
each of the plurality of internal electrodes includes:
a first internal electrode; and
a second internal electrode opposed to the first internal electrode in the laminating direction;
the first internal electrode includes:
a first opposed portion opposed to the second internal electrode;
first and second extended portions connected to the first opposed portion, and each extended to the first side surface; and
third and fourth extended portions connected to the first opposed portion, and each extended to the second side surface;
the second internal electrode includes:
a second opposed portion opposed to the first opposed portion;
a fifth extended portion connected to the second opposed portion, and extended to the first side surface; and
a sixth extended portion connected to the second opposed portion, and extended to the second side surface;
each of the plurality of external electrodes includes:
a first external electrode covering an exposed portion of the first extended portion at the first side surface and an exposed portion of the third extended portion at the second side surface, and wrapping around the first side surface, the first principal surface, the second side surface, and the second principal surface;
a second external electrode covering an exposed portion of the second extended portion at the first side surface and an exposed portion of the fourth extended portion at the second side surface, and wrapping around the first side surface, the first principal surface, the second side surface, and the second principal surface; and
a third external electrode covering an exposed portion of the fifth extended portion at the first side surface and an exposed portion of the sixth extended portion at the second side surface, and wrapping around the first side surface, the first principal surface, the second side surface, and the second principal surface; wherein
each of the first, second and third external electrodes includes a sputtered electrode film that is in direct contact with the capacitor main body;
each of outermost layers of the first, second and third external electrodes contains Cu; and
a length of a portion of the third external electrode located on the first or second principal surface in the length direction is larger than a length of a portion of the third external electrode located on the first or second side surface in the length direction.

US Pat. No. 10,340,077

FEED UNIT, FEED SYSTEM, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A feed unit, comprising:a power transmission section that includes a power transmission coil configured to transmit electric power by a magnetic field; and
an auxiliary resonance section that includes at least one resonator,
wherein the at least one resonator includes an auxiliary coil of a plurality of windings,
wherein the auxiliary coil is wound such that at least one gap is created between a first winding of the plurality of windings and a second winding of the plurality of windings,
wherein the first winding is adjacent to the second winding,
wherein a first width of the at least one gap in a first axis direction is larger than a second width of the at least one gap in a second axis direction, and
wherein the second axis direction is orthogonal to the first axis direction.

US Pat. No. 10,340,070

MULTILAYER COMMON MODE FILTER

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

4. A multilayer common mode filter comprising:an element body including a pair of principal surfaces opposing each other in a first direction; and
a first coil, a second coil and a third coil disposed in the element body and configured to be magnetically coupled to each other, wherein:
the first coil includes a first coil conductor and a second coil conductor having spiral shapes and is configured by electrically connecting the first coil conductor and the second coil conductor;
the second coil includes a third coil conductor and a fourth coil conductor having spiral shapes and is configured by electrically connecting the third coil conductor and the fourth coil conductor;
the third coil includes a fifth coil conductor and a sixth coil conductor having spiral shapes and is configured by electrically connecting the fifth coil conductor and the sixth coil conductor;
the first to sixth coil conductors are disposed in order of the first coil conductor, the third coil conductor, the fifth coil conductor, the second coil conductor, the fourth coil conductor, and the sixth coil conductor in the first direction;
a total value of the number of windings of the first coil conductor and the number of windings of the second coil conductor is smaller than a total value of the number of windings of the third coil conductor and the number of windings of the fourth coil conductor; and
a total value of the number of windings of the fifth coil conductor and the number of windings of the sixth coil conductor is smaller than the total value of the number of windings of the third coil conductor and the number of windings of the fourth coil conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,340,065

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRICAL STEEL SHEET

1. A method for manufacturing an electrical steel sheet, comprising: applying a treatment solution on a surface of a base iron: andbaking and drying the treatment solution,
wherein the treatment solution contains:
a first component: 100 parts by mass in solid content, the first component consisting of:
a colloidal silica having an average particle size of 5 nm to 40 nm and having an Na content of 0.5 mass % or less: 100 parts by mass; and
an emulsion of one kind selected from the group consisting of an acrylic resin, an epoxy resin and a polyester resin which have an average particle size of 0.05 um to 0.25 um, or an emulsion of a mixture or copolymer of two or three kinds selected from the group: 40 parts by mass to 400 parts by mass in resin solid content; and
a second component consisting of particles of one or more kinds selected from the group consisting of a polyolefin wax, an epoxy resin and an acrylic resin, the particles having an average particle size of 2.0 um to 15.0 um and a melting point of 60° C. to 140° C.: 5 parts by mass to 40 parts by mass in resin solid content,
wherein a solid content of the treatment solution substantially consists of the first component and the second component.

US Pat. No. 10,340,063

CHIP RESISTOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A chip resistor comprising:a resistive element made of a metal having a plate shape having an upper surface, a lowermost surface, a first edge surface connected to the upper surface and the lowermost surface, and a second edge surface connected to the upper surface and the lower surface, the second edge surface being opposite to the first edge surface, the resistive element having a first recess and a second recess therein, the first recess extending from the lowermost surface along the first edge surface and not reaching the upper surface, the second recess extending from the lowermost surface along the second edge surface and not reaching the upper surface;
a first electrode disposed on the lowermost surface of the resistive element and between the first recess and the second recess;
a second electrode disposed on the lowermost surface of the resistive element and between the first recess and the second recess;
a protective film disposed on the lowermost surface of the resistive element and between the first electrode and the second electrode;
a first plating layer disposed on the first electrode and an inner surface of the first recess; and
a second plating layer disposed on the second electrode and an inner surface of the second recess.

US Pat. No. 10,340,062

ELECTRIC WIRE BUNDLE, APPARATUS FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRIC WIRE BUNDLE, AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING ELECTRIC WIRE BUNDLE

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. An electric wire bundle comprising:an electric wire group including a bundle portion in which at least a portion of a plurality of electric wires in an extension direction is bundled together; and
a binding portion formed by supplying a fluid binding portion forming material from a nozzle that is rotated relatively around an outer circumference of the bundle portion to an outer circumferential portion of the bundle portion in strip-shape in a form in which the bundle portion can be maintained in a bundled condition, by moving the nozzle with a movement mechanism around the outer circumference of the bundle portion, and curing the binding portion forming material,
wherein the binding portion is formed in a mesh shape.

US Pat. No. 10,340,058

CABLE WITH BRAIDED SHIELD

Hitachi Metals, Ltd., To...

1. A cable with braided shield, comprising:a conductor;
an insulation layer arranged to cover a periphery of the conductor;
a braided shield layer arranged to cover a periphery of the insulation layer; and
a sheath arranged to cover a periphery of the braided shield layer,
wherein the braided shield layer comprises an inner braided shield layer, and an outer braided shield layer provided on a periphery of the inner braided shield layer,
wherein the inner braided shield layer comprises a braided shield braided to cross metal wires,
wherein the outer braided shield layer comprise a braided shield braided to cross a copper tinsel wire and a metal wire, and
wherein the cable with braided shield satisfies D1>D2, where D1 is an outer diameter of the copper tinsel wire of the outer braided shield layer, and D2 is an outer diameter of the metal wire of the outer braided shield layer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,056

FLAT CABLE AND WIRE HARNESS

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A flat cable comprising:at least one cable portion which includes:
a plurality of conductor wires arranged in parallel at predetermined intervals on a plane; and
a coating portion that collectively covers the plurality of conductor wires arranged in parallel, the coating portion being made of an insulating resin; and
at least one rib portion provided in parallel with the cable portion on the plane and to which a bus bar is to be fixed, and the at least one rib portion is made of only the same resin as the coating portion,
wherein a body including the at least one cable portion and the at least one rib portion is substantially bilaterally symmetrical in a cross-sectional structure of the body;
wherein the at least one cable portion has a first cable portion and a second cable portion;
wherein the first cable portion, the rib portion, and the second cable portion are arranged in the body on the plane in this order;
wherein an object arranged at a center in the body in a cross-section thereof is the rib portion, a central portion of the rib portion of the body in the cross-section is set as a boundary line; and
wherein a ratio of amounts of resin in a left part and a right part of the body is 1:0.85 or more when one part of the body having a larger amount of resin is set to 1, the left part of the body being arranged at a left side from the boundary line and the right part of the body being arranged at a right side from the boundary line.

US Pat. No. 10,340,053

RADIATION-IRRADIATION DEVICE

FUJIFILM CORPORATION, To...

1. A radiation-irradiation device comprising:a radiation generating unit that generates radiation;
a collimator unit that controls an irradiation range to be irradiated with the radiation generated by the radiation generating unit; and
an interval ensuring unit that includes a contact member being in contact with a subject to be irradiated with the radiation in a case in which a distance between the radiation generating unit and the subject is shorter than a preset distance, and ensures an interval between the radiation generating unit and the subject,
wherein the interval ensuring unit is detachably mounted on the collimator unit and is capable of being mounted at different rotational positions about an axis, which passes through a center of a diaphragm of the collimator unit and extends in a direction of an optical axis of the radiation, as a central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,340,052

SINGLE CELL APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SINGLE ION ADDRESSING

Honeywell International I...

1. An apparatus for single ion addressing, comprising:a fiber bundle configured to split a laser beam into a plurality of components; and
a single optical cell configured to:
shutter a single one of the plurality of components of the laser beam;
align the shuttered single component of the laser beam to an ion in a surface ion trap such that the ion fluoresces light and/or performs a quantum operation when the ion is illuminated by the shuttered single component of the laser beam; and
detect the light fluoresced from the ion when the ion is illuminated by the shuttered single component of the laser beam.

US Pat. No. 10,340,036

DATA MANAGEMENT MECHANISM FOR WIDE-AREA DISTRIBUTED MEDICAL INFORMATION NETWORK

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:acquiring, by a second computer and from a third computer, address information of a plurality of first computers, wherein the address information of the plurality of first computers is associated with patient medical information for a particular patient;
storing, on the second computer, the address information of the plurality of first computers in an address list in the second computer;
transmitting, by the second computer, updated medical information from the second computer to the plurality of first computers, wherein the updated medical information is stored in a persistent storage device in the second computer;
receiving, by the second computer, receipt notifications from a portion of the plurality of first computers, wherein the receipt notifications acknowledge receipt of the updated medical information, and wherein only the portion of the plurality of first computers responded to the updated medical information from the second computer;
in response to the portion of the plurality of first computers being less than all of the plurality of first computers, sending, from the second computer, directions to one or more fourth computers to reiteratively send the updated medical information until all of the plurality of first computers that did not send receipt notifications to the second computer send receipt notifications of the updated medical information to the one or more fourth computers, wherein the first computers and the one or more fourth computers are at a same location, and wherein the second computer is in a location that is remote from the plurality of first computers and the one or more fourth computers;
receiving, by the second computer and from the one or more fourth computers, information from the one or more fourth computers indicating that all of the plurality of first computers that did not send receipt notifications to the second computer have sent receipt notifications to the one or more fourth computers indicating receipt of the updated medical information; and
in response to receiving the information from the one or more fourth computers indicating that all of the plurality of first computers have sent receipt notifications to the one or more fourth computers indicating receipt of the updated medical information, deleting the addresses of the plurality of first computers that did send receipt notifications to the one or more fourth computers from the address list on the second computer and deleting the updated medical information from the persistent storage device in the second computer.

US Pat. No. 10,340,035

MEDICAL RECORD STORAGE WITH ELECTRONIC SIGNATURE

Fenwal, Inc., Lake Zuric...

1. A system for storing an electronic medical record with an electronic signature in a database, comprising:an apheresis machine configured to perform an apheresis procedure on a patient, the apheresis machine configured to transmit an unsigned medical record; and
a server computer comprising:
a network interface circuit configured to provide communications over a network; and
a processing circuit configured to:
receive the unsigned medical record from the apheresis machine;
generate a user interface screen configured to receive an electronic signature for the unsigned medical record;
transmit the user interface screen to the apheresis machine over the network;
receive an electronic signature entered using the user interface screen; and
store the unsigned medical record and electronic signature in the database.

US Pat. No. 10,340,032

RAPIDLY CONFIGURABLE DRUG DETECTION SYSTEM WITH ENHANCED CONFIDENTIALITY

1. A sample analysis system, said system comprising:a computerized device comprising a processor, camera, device software, memory, user interface, and a device network interface;
a test kit configured to accept a liquid sample from a sample collector, analyze said liquid sample for a plurality of analytes, and display a plurality of spatially separated optically detectable signals reporting on said plurality of analytes;
wherein said test kit comprises a lateral flow immunoassay comprising a plurality of lateral flow immunoassay tracks configured to generate at least one spatially separated optically detectable signal reporting on at least one of said plurality of analytes;
said test kit configured to display said spatially separated optically detectable signals in a manner that is obfuscated according to an obfuscation code;
said test kit further comprising a test ID code uniquely identifying said test kit;
a test reader stand configured to hold said computerized device and said test kit so that said camera can image said test kit when said test kit is present;
said device software configured to accept operator entered analysis parameters for a subset of said plurality of analytes, said device software configured to further accept test reporting information, test details, and at least some sample donor information;
said test reporting information comprising an electronic or physical address of at least one recipient (contact) for said test reporting information;
said device software further configured to use said camera to image said test kit, and obtain images of said spatially separated optically detectable signals;
said device software further configured to use said device network interface to transmit said operator entered analysis parameters for at least a subset of said plurality of analytes, said test reporting information, said test details, at least some said sample donor information, said test ID code, and images or data of said spatially separated optically detectable signals to a remote server; and
wherein said obfuscation code is stored on said remote server and is not transmitted to either said computerized device or said operator.

US Pat. No. 10,340,029

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR THE ANALYSIS OF PROTEIN MELT CURVE DATA

LIFE TECHNOLOGIES CORPORA...

1. A system comprising:a processor; and
a memory in communication with the processor, the memory storing instructions for:
receiving by the processor a set of initial protein melt curve data corresponding to an analysis group, wherein the analysis group comprises sample data from a plurality of sample support devices;
generating and displaying a plurality of melt curves obtained from a first set of processed protein melt curve data from the initial protein melt curve data;
displaying an analysis group window indicating the analysis group to which the initial protein melt curve data corresponds;
presenting a user interface for selecting a temperature range over which a region of the plurality of melt curves extend; and
in response to receiving input of a selected temperature range via the interface:
generating a second set of processed protein melt curve data, the second set of protein melt curve data comprising a fit of the first set of processed protein melt curve data over the selected temperature range, and
displaying the second set of protein melt curve data as a melt curve.

US Pat. No. 10,340,025

DATA-STORAGE DEVICE AND BLOCK-RELEASING METHOD

SILICON MOTION, INC., Jh...

1. A data-storage device, comprising:a flash memory, comprising a plurality of blocks, and each of the blocks comprises a plurality of pages, wherein the blocks comprise a plurality of bad blocks that are labeled as damaged; and
a controller, configured to select one of the bad blocks as a test block, and read the pages in the test block to determine whether the pages in the test block are damaged,
wherein when all the pages in the test block are undamaged, the controller labels the test block as a spare block,
wherein the controller selects as the test block one of the bad blocks that has been labeled damaged for the longest time.

US Pat. No. 10,340,024

SOLID STATE DRIVE PHYSICAL BLOCK REVECTORING TO IMPROVE CLUSTER FAILURE RATES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A computing system comprising:a plurality of memory dies; and
a memory controller coupled to the plurality of memory dies, the memory controller including logic to:
identify an initial data band that spans the plurality of memory dies, wherein the initial data band is to include two or more block units that are to be located in separate memory dies of the plurality of memory dies, and
revector the plurality of memory dies to stagger the initial data band across a plurality of modified data bands, wherein a total number of modified data bands to be used for the revector is to equal a total number of block units in the initial data band.

US Pat. No. 10,340,020

FUSE ELEMENT PROGRAMMING CIRCUIT AND METHOD

SEMICONDUCTOR COMPONENTS ...

1. A circuit for programming a fuse element comprising:a memory cell having the fuse element that includes a first semiconductor material body region and a silicide layer;
a programming circuit configured to form a programming current to program the fuse element;
a programming element configured to conduct a control current and to control a value of the programming current, the programming element having a second semiconductor material body region but not a silicide layer;
a current mirror, of the programming circuit, having a first transistor coupled at a node to a second transistor of the current mirror, the first transistor configured to conduct the control current, the second transistor configured to conduct the programming current;
a reference generation circuit configured to conduct the control current, the reference generation circuit coupled in series between the node and the programming element;
the programming circuit configured to control the programming current to a first value responsively to a resistance value of the programming element and to subsequently control the programming current to a different value responsively to a resistance value of the fuse element.

US Pat. No. 10,340,019

SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY DEVICE WITH IMPROVED PROGRAM VERIFICATION RELIABILITY

SK hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A semiconductor memory device comprising:a memory cell array including a first string group and a second string group, wherein the first string group and the second string group each includes memory cell strings, and
wherein each of the memory cell strings includes at least one selection transistor cell;
a peripheral circuit configured to perform a program operation comprising a program voltage application operation on both the first string group and the second string group, and to perform a half page program verification operation; and
a control logic configured to control the peripheral circuit to determine pass or fail of the program operation according to a result of the half page program verification operation,
wherein the control logic controls the peripheral circuit to select one of the first string group and the second string group for the half page program verification operation based on whether an application number of a program voltage applied to both the first string group and the second string group is even or odd.

US Pat. No. 10,340,016

METHODS OF ERROR-BASED READ DISTURB MITIGATION AND MEMORY DEVICES UTILIZING THE SAME

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A memory device, comprising:a main memory comprising a plurality of memory addresses, each memory address corresponding to a single one of a plurality of word lines and being included in a tracked subset of the plurality of memory addresses, each tracked subset including memory addresses corresponding to more than one of the plurality of word lines; and
a controller operably connected to the main memory and configured to:
track, for each tracked subset, a number of read operations,
scan, in response to the number of read operations for a first tracked subset exceeding a first threshold value corresponding to the first tracked subset, a portion of data corresponding to each word line of the first tracked subset to determine an error count corresponding to each word line of the first tracked subset, and
update the first threshold value by an amount corresponding to the determined error count.

US Pat. No. 10,340,015

APPARATUSES AND METHODS FOR CHARGING A GLOBAL ACCESS LINE PRIOR TO ACCESSING A MEMORY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a memory array including signal lines; and
a control logic circuit configured to charge at least one signal line of the memory array responsive to a pre-access command, the control logic circuit configured, responsive to the pre-access command, to control a voltage of the at least one signal line based partly on a temperature of the apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,340,014

MONITORING ERROR CORRECTION OPERATIONS PERFORMED IN MEMORY

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a memory; and
circuitry configured to:
determine a bit error rate associated with an error correction operation performed on sensed data states of a number of memory cells of the memory and soft data associated with the sensed data states;
determine a high reliability error rate associated with the error correction operation; and
determine whether to take a corrective action on the sensed data states by:
plotting a data point corresponding to the bit error rate and the high reliability error rate in a two-dimensional bit error rate versus high reliability error rate space, wherein the two-dimensional bit error rate versus high reliability error rate space includes a curve corresponding to a correction limit of the error correction operation; and
determining a location of the data point relative to the curve in the two-dimensional bit error rate versus high reliability error rate space.

US Pat. No. 10,340,013

MEMORY DEVICE

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A memory device comprising:a semiconductor column extending above a substrate;
a first conductive layer on a first side of the semiconductor column;
a second conductive layer on a second side of the semiconductor column, opposite to the first conductive layer;
a third conductive layer above or below the first conductive layer and on the first side of the semiconductor column;
a fourth conductive layer on the second side of the semiconductor column, opposite to the third conductive layer;
a fifth conductive layer adjacent the first conductive layer on the first side of the semiconductor column and between the first and third conductive layers;
a sixth conductive layer on the second side of the semiconductor column, opposite to the fifth conductive layer; and
a bit line connected to the semiconductor column, wherein during reading in which a positive voltage is applied to the bit line:
a first voltage is applied to the first conductive layer and a second voltage is applied to the second conductive layer;
a third voltage is applied to the third conductive layer and a fourth voltage is applied to the fourth conductive layer;
a fifth voltage is applied to the fifth conductive layer and a sixth voltage is applied to the sixth conductive layer;
the first voltage and the third voltage are higher than each of the second voltage and the sixth voltage;
the fifth voltage is higher than the first, second, third, fourth and sixth voltages; and
the third voltage is higher than the first voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,340,011

THREE-DIMENSIONAL ADDRESSING FOR ERASABLE PROGRAMMABLE READ ONLY MEMORY

1. A device for use with a print head, comprising:a plurality of memory arrays of storage units storing data for the print head; and
a plurality of flip-flop circuits connected to the plurality of memory arrays,
wherein the plurality of flip-flop circuits is to receive data signals and generate a three-dimensional address of one of the storage units in the plurality of memory arrays, the three-dimensional address comprising:
a first select signal to identify a first portion of the three-dimensional address of the storage unit in the plurality of memory arrays,
a second select signal to identify a second portion of the three-dimensional address of the storage unit in the plurality of memory arrays, and
a third select signal, generated by one of the plurality of flip-flop circuits, to identify a third portion of the three-dimensional address of the storage unit in the plurality of memory arrays.

US Pat. No. 10,340,008

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND DISCHARGE METHOD

TOSHIBA MEMORY CORPORATIO...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a first switch circuit between a power supply line and a ground potential, the first switch circuit being configured to electrically connect the power supply line to the ground potential upon receipt of a first control signal that is supplied when a supply of power on the power supply line is cut off;
a capacitor connected between the power supply line and the ground potential;
a second switch circuit between the capacitor and the power supply line, the second switch circuit being configured to disconnect the capacitor from the power supply line upon receipt of the first control signal; and
a controller circuit configured to output the first control signal when the supply of power on the power supply line is cut off.

US Pat. No. 10,340,006

SEMICONDUCTOR MEMORY HAVING BOTH VOLATILE AND NON-VOLATILE FUNCTIONALITY INCLUDING RESISTANCE CHANGE MATERIAL AND METHOD OF OPERATING

Zeno Semiconductor, Inc.,...

1. An integrated circuit comprising:a semiconductor memory array comprising:
a plurality of semiconductor memory cells arranged in a matrix of rows and columns, wherein each said semiconductor memory cell comprises:
a bipolar device comprising a floating body having a first conductivity type selected from n-type conductivity type and p-type conductivity type and configured to store data when power is applied to said cell;
a nonvolatile memory comprising a resistance change element configured to store data stored in said bipolar device upon transfer thereto;
a buried layer region having a second conductivity type selected from said n-type conductivity type and said p-type conductivity type and being different from said first conductivity type;
wherein said buried layer region is commonly connected to at least two of said memory cells; and
a control circuit configured to perform said transfer operation.

US Pat. No. 10,340,004

WRITE VOLTAGE GENERATING CIRCUIT COMPRISING A CURRENT MIRROR

Taiwan Semiconductor Manu...

1. A device for writing to a memory, comprising:a current mirror circuit configured to generate a mirror current that mirrors a write current flowing to the memory, the current mirror circuit including:
a first transistor having a gate terminal and a source/drain terminal coupled to each other via a coupling point and the gate terminal directly couples to a memory cell of the memory via the coupling point, and
a second transistor having (i) a gate terminal coupled to the gate terminal of the first transistor and (ii) a source/drain coupled to a current source circuit via a node;
a voltage-generating circuit selectively coupled to the current mirror circuit and configured to apply, through the current mirror circuit, a write voltage to the memory; and
a switch circuit configured to control coupling of the voltage-generating circuit to the current mirror circuit based on a voltage at the node;
wherein the current source circuit includes a constant current source configured to draw a compliance current from the node.

US Pat. No. 10,339,997

MULTI-PHASE CLOCK DIVISION

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:memory;
a command interface configured to receive a write command to write data to the memory;
a data strobe pin configured to receive a data strobe to assist in writing the data to the memory; and
phase division circuitry configured to divide the data strobe into a plurality of phases to be used in writing the data to the memory, wherein the phase division circuitry comprises:
count detection circuitry configured to count bits received for a phase of the plurality of phases; and
phase detection circuitry configured to identify which phase of the plurality of phases received a pulse of the data strobe first.

US Pat. No. 10,339,995

MEMORY DEVICE FOR CONTROLLING REFRESHING OPERATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A memory device comprising:a plurality of memory cells; and
a self refresh controller configured to perform a refreshing cycle a plurality of times, the refreshing cycle including,
a burst refreshing operation performed during a first time interval, and
a power supply controlling operation performed during a second time interval, the second time interval being longer than the first time interval,
wherein the self refresh controller is configured to increase the second time interval in response to a deep sleep signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,994

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a row decoder configured to receive a refresh address and to selectively perform a row-copy operation, wherein during the row-copy operation data in a first word line corresponding to the refresh address is copied to a second word line in a same section of a memory as the first address, wherein the row decoder comprises a row-copy control circuit configured select a type of row-copy operation and to provide a source address corresponding to the first word line and a destination address corresponding to the second word line based on the type of row-copy operation, and wherein the row-cop control circuit is further configured to mark the region of the second word line where the data was copied as unusable for subsequent row-copy operations.

US Pat. No. 10,339,993

PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC TUNNEL JUNCTION DEVICE WITH SKYRMIONIC ASSIST LAYERS FOR FREE LAYER SWITCHING

Spin Memory, Inc., Fremo...

1. A magnetic device, comprising:a first synthetic antiferromagnetic structure in a first plane having a magnetization vector that is perpendicular to the first plane and having a fixed magnetization direction;
an antiferromagnetic coupling layer in a second plane and disposed above the first synthetic antiferromagnetic structure;
a second synthetic antiferromagnetic structure in a third plane and disposed over the antiferromagnetic coupling layer;
a magnetic reference layer in a fourth plane and disposed over the second synthetic antiferromagnetic structure, the magnetic reference layer having a magnetization vector that is perpendicular to the fourth plane and having a fixed magnetization direction;
a non-magnetic tunnel barrier layer in a fifth plane and disposed over the magnetic reference layer;
a free magnetic layer disposed in a sixth plane over the non-magnetic tunnel barrier layer, the free magnetic layer having a magnetization vector that is perpendicular to the sixth plane and having a magnetization direction that can switch between a first magnetization direction to a second magnetization direction, the magnetic reference layer, the non-magnetic tunnel barrier layer and the free magnetic layer forming a magnetic tunnel junction; and
a skyrmionic enhancement layer disposed in a seventh plane over the free magnetic layer and being formed from a heavy metal with large spin-orbit coupling such that the skyrmionic enhancement layer induces a Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction at an interface between the free magnetic layer and the skyrmionic enhancement layer thereby creating a non-collinear magnetic texture in the free magnetic layer near the interface.

US Pat. No. 10,339,990

STROBE ACQUISITION AND TRACKING

RAMBUS INC., Sunnyvale, ...

1. A memory controller, comprising:an interface to receive a data strobe signal and corresponding read data, wherein the data strobe signal and the read data correspond to a read command issued by the memory controller, and wherein the read data is received in accordance with the data strobe signal;
a comparison circuit to determine a current timing offset between the data strobe signal and an internally generated data strobe enable signal, internally generated by the memory controller;
data receive circuitry, including gate logic to gate the data strobe signal with the internally generated data strobe signal to generate a clean data strobe signal, and data capture logic responsive to the clean data strobe signal to capture the read data; and
a circuit to dynamically determine a mode of operation of the memory controller in accordance with the determined current timing offset, wherein the mode of operation is selected from among a set of modes of operation that include a first mode of operation in which the memory controller synchronizes the internally generated data strobe enable signal with the received read data and data strobe signal, and a second mode of operation in which the memory controller maintains synchronization between the internally generated data strobe enable signal and the received read data and data strobe signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,989

PAGE BUFFER, A MEMORY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME AND A READ OPERATION METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A page buffer, comprising:a pre-charge unit for pre-charging a bit line of a selected memory cell of a memory cell array via a first pre-charge line and pre-charging a sensing node via a second pre-charge line, wherein the bit line of the selected memory cell and the sensing node are pre-charged during a pre-charge time;
a bit line connection unit connected between the bit line and the sensing node and comprising a connecting node directly connected to the first pre-charge line, wherein the bit line connection unit controls a voltage of the sensing node, during a develop time, based on a bit line connection control signal and a sensing node voltage control signal, wherein the bit line connection unit includes a pair of transistors connected in series between the bit line and the sensing node, and wherein the connecting node is disposed between the pair of transistors; and
a data input and output unit for generating sensing data by sensing a level of the voltage of the sensing node, during a sensing time,
wherein the pre-charge unit comprises:
a bit line pre-charge transistor comprising a first terminal, a second terminal, and a gate terminal, wherein the first terminal receives a pre-charge voltage, the second terminal is connected to the connecting node, and the gate terminal receives a bit line pre-charge control signal; and
a sensing node pre-charge transistor comprising a first terminal, a second terminal, and a gate terminal, wherein the first terminal is connected to the second terminal of the bit line pre-charge transistor, the second terminal is connected to the sensing node, and the gate terminal receives a sensing node pre-charge control signal,
wherein the pre-charge unit controls a start time at which the bit line is pre-charged and a start time at which the sensing node is pre-charged to be different from each other, based on the bit line pre-charge control signal and the sensing node pre-charge control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,984

DEVICE HAVING MULTIPLE CHANNELS WITH CALIBRATION CIRCUIT SHARED BY MULTIPLE CHANNELS

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first output circuit;
a second output circuit; and
a calibration circuit coupled in parallel to the first output circuit and the second output circuit, the calibration circuit configured to perform a first calibration operation responsive to a first calibration command to produce a first calibration code, supply the first calibration code to the first output circuit responsive to a first latch command and supply the first calibration code to the second output circuit responsive to a second latch command.

US Pat. No. 10,339,981

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

Toshiba Memory Corporatio...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a first nonvolatile semiconductor element;
a second nonvolatile semiconductor element;
a resistive element;
a controller that controls the first nonvolatile semiconductor element and the second nonvolatile semiconductor element;
a first signal line that connects the controller to the resistive element;
a second signal line that connects the resistive element to the first nonvolatile semiconductor element;
a third signal line that branches from the second signal line, the third signal line being connected to the second nonvolatile semiconductor element, at least one of the second signal line and the third signal line including a signal line formed on a first wiring layer and a signal line formed on a second wiring layer;
a connector that allows connection to an external device; and
a substrate on which the first nonvolatile semiconductor element, the second nonvolatile semiconductor element, the resistive element, the controller, and the connector are mounted, the first nonvolatile semiconductor element and the second nonvolatile semiconductor element being disposed symmetrically on opposite sides of the substrate, the substrate including:
a front surface layer that includes a wiring pattern formed on a front surface of the substrate, the front surface layer being a layer on which the first nonvolatile semiconductor element and the resistive element are mounted,
a rear surface layer that includes a wiring pattern formed on a rear surface of the substrate, the rear surface layer being a layer on which the second nonvolatile semiconductor element is mounted, and
a plurality of internal wiring layers that is provided between the front surface layer and the rear surface layer, the plurality of internal wiring layers including a wiring pattern, the first wiring layer being one of the plurality of internal wiring layers, the second wiring layer being one of the plurality of internal wiring layers, the second wiring layer being a different wiring layer from the first wiring layer.

US Pat. No. 10,339,979

SECURE PROTECTION BLOCK AND FUNCTION BLOCK SYSTEM AND METHOD

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:power supply pins to couple to a power supply; and
a protection block, including a first transistor, to: (a) determine whether voltage from at least one of the power supply pins meets a predetermined condition, and (b) in response to determining whether the predetermined condition is met, communicate a first communication to at least one of first or second function blocks;
wherein the first function block, coupled to the protection block and the power supply pins, includes a second transistor and at least one fuse that corresponds to a security key;
wherein the first transistor has a first gate oxide breakdown voltage that is greater than a second gate oxide breakdown voltage of the second transistor;
wherein the protection block is configured such that when the voltage from at least one of the power supply pins exceeds the second gate oxide breakdown voltage but not the first gate oxide breakdown voltage, the protection block enters a secure mode of operation.

US Pat. No. 10,339,978

MULTI-SENSOR EVENT CORRELATION SYSTEM

BLAST MOTION INC., Carls...

1. A multi-sensor event correlation system comprising:at least one motion capture element configured to couple with a user or piece of equipment or mobile device coupled with the user, wherein said at least one motion capture element comprises
a sensor data memory;
a sensor configured to capture one or more values associated with an orientation, position, velocity, acceleration, angular velocity, and angular acceleration of said at least one motion capture element;
a first communication interface configured to receive communications, or one or more other values associated with an environmental sensor, a physiological sensor or both said environmental sensor and said physiological sensor or said communications and said one or more other values
or
at least one other sensor configured to locally capture said one or more other values associated with said environmental sensor, said physiological sensor or both said environmental sensor and said physiological sensor
or both said first communication interface and said at least one other sensor; and,
a microprocessor coupled with said sensor data memory, said sensor and said first communication interface, wherein said microprocessor is configured to
collect data that comprises sensor values that include said one or more values from said sensor;
store said data in said sensor data memory
or
analyze said data and recognize an event within said data to determine event data
or
store said data in said sensor data memory and analyze said data and recognize said event within said data to determine said event data; and,
transmit said data or said event data or both said data and said event data, and
process said communications
or
transmit said one or more other values associated with said environmental sensor, said physiological sensor or both said environmental sensor and said physiological sensor,
or
process said communications and transmit said one or more other values to
a computer, said computer comprising
a computer memory; and,
a second communication interface configured to communicate with said first communication interface to obtain
said data or said event data associated with said event or both said data and said event data
or
said one or more other values associated with said environmental sensor, said physiological sensor or both said environmental sensor and said physiological sensor
or both said data or said event data and
said one or more other values;
wherein said computer is coupled with said computer memory and is coupled with said second communication interface;
wherein said microprocessor is, or said computer is, or both said microprocessor and said computer are configured to
correlate said data or said event data with said one or more other values associated with said environmental sensor, said physiological sensor or both said environmental sensor and said physiological sensor to differentiate a first type of event with respect to a second type of event or a first type of activity with respect to a second type of activity or a first type of equipment with respect to a second type of equipment to determine at least one of
a type of event or true event or a false positive event selected from a plurality of types of events or
a type of equipment that said at least one motion capture element is coupled with selected from a plurality of types of equipment or
a type of activity indicated by said data or said event data selected from a plurality of types of activities.

US Pat. No. 10,339,969

DETERMINING BIT ASPECT RATIOS FOR PARTIALLY-OVERLAPPING MAGNETIC RECORDING TRACKS

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A method, comprising:writing isolated test tracks to determine a first areal density function for top tracks of a magnetic recording medium, the first areal density function based on write-plus-erase track widths obtained using different first laser powers and first linear bit densities that achieve a first target bit error rate for the isolated test tracks;
selecting a value LDItop of the first laser powers and a value BPItop of the first linear bit densities that result in a first target value of the areal density function;
writing partially-overlapping test tracks to determine a second areal density function of bottom tracks based on squeezed track widths written using different second laser powers and second linear bit densities that achieve a second target bit error rate for bottom test tracks of the partially-overlapping test tracks, top test tracks of the partially-overlapping test tracks being written at LDItop and BPItop; and
selecting a value LDIbottom of the second laser powers and a value BPIbottom of the second linear bit densities that result in a second target value of the second areal density function, the LDItop, BPItop, LDIbottom, and BPIbottom subsequently being used to respectively record top tracks partially overlapping bottom tracks.

US Pat. No. 10,339,962

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR LOW COST VOICE ACTIVITY DETECTOR

TEXAS INSTRUMENTS INCORPO...

10. A method of detecting voice in a first input signal, the method comprising:in a noise state, sampling a second input signal to form noise samples, and computing a noise value as a covariance matrix of the noise samples, the second input signal containing noise and no voice;
in the noise state, sampling the first input signal to form first signal samples, and computing a first voice value from the first signal samples;
in the noise state, detecting potential voice activity in the first signal samples;
responsive to the detecting, transitioning to a voice state;
in the voice state, sampling the first input signal to form second signal samples, and computing a second voice value as a covariance matrix of the second signal samples;
in the voice state, computing a first ratio as a log likelihood ratio of the second voice value to the noise value;
in the voice state, if the first ratio exceeds a threshold, indicating a voice activity detection, and remaining in the voice state;
in the voice state, if the first ratio does not exceed the threshold, transitioning to an interim state;
in the interim state, sampling the first input signal to form third signal samples, and computing a third voice value from the third signal samples;
in the interim state, computing a second ratio of the third voice value to the noise value;
in the interim state, if the second ratio exceeds the threshold, transitioning to the voice state; and
in the interim state, if the second ratio does not exceed the threshold, transitioning to the noise state.

US Pat. No. 10,339,954

ECHO CANCELLATION AND SUPPRESSION IN ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

5. A portable device comprising:a memory;
an echo cancellation and echo suppression system having an acoustic echo correction stage and configured for audio signal processing and playback; and
a processor communicatively coupled to the echo cancellation and echo suppression system and the memory and which:
obtains an audio echo signal and an audio desired signal from the acoustic echo correction stage;
converts the echo signal and the desired signal to the frequency domain;
groups frequency bin results of respective frequency domain converted echo and desired signals into respective echo and desired sub-bands;
estimates a sub-band suppressor gain based on an estimated sub-band energy for the echo and desired sub-bands;
modulates the frequency domain converted desired signal to compensate for residual echo, the modulating based, at least in part, on the estimated sub-band suppressor gain, and the modulating producing a compensated frequency domain converted desired signal; and
converts the compensated frequency domain converted desired signal into time domain converted audio output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,953

HOWLING DETECTION METHOD AND APPARATUS

TENCENT TECHNOLOGY (SHENZ...

1. A howling detection method performed by a howling detection apparatus, comprising:performing, by at least one processor of the howling detection apparatus, window separation processing on an audio signal to obtain a plurality of analysis windows;
obtaining, by the at least one processor of the howling detection apparatus, a signal energy indicator value of each preset frequency in at least one analysis window by using a perceptual coefficient corresponding to each frequency, to obtain a perceptual energy indicator value of each frequency, the perceptual coefficient corresponding to each frequency indicating a sensitivity of a human ear to a sound of each frequency; and
determining, by the at least one processor of the howling detection apparatus, whether howling occurs according to the perceptual energy indicator value of each frequency in the at least one analysis window.

US Pat. No. 10,339,950

BEAM SELECTION FOR BODY WORN DEVICES

MOTOROLA SOLUTIONS, INC.,...

1. An electronic device, the electronic device comprising:a microphone array; and
an electronic processor communicatively coupled to the microphone array and configured to
receive a plurality of audio signals from the microphone array;
generate a plurality of beams based on the plurality of audio signals;
detect that an electronic device is in a body-worn position; and
in response to the electronic device being in the body-worn position,
determine at least one restricted direction based on the body-worn position;
generate, for each of the plurality of beams, a likelihood statistic having a value indicative of the likelihood that the beam is directed to a desired sound source;
for each of the plurality of beams, assign a weight to the likelihood statistic to adjust the value of the likelihood statistic based on the at least one restricted direction and on prior information about the electronic device to generate a weighted likelihood statistic; and
generate an output audio stream from the plurality of beams based on the weighted likelihood statistic.

US Pat. No. 10,339,948

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR ENCODING AND DECODING HIGH FREQUENCY FOR BANDWIDTH EXTENSION

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A decoding apparatus for generating a high frequency spectrum, the decoding apparatus comprising:a receiving unit configured to receive a bitstream including one of first excitation class information, second excitation class information and third excitation class information as an excitation class of a current frame; and
a processor configured to:
decode a low frequency spectrum of the current frame from the bitstream;
obtain a high frequency excitation spectrum of the current frame by copying the low frequency spectrum, based on the excitation class of the current frame;
generate a high frequency spectrum based on the high frequency excitation spectrum; and
combine the low frequency spectrum and the high frequency spectrum,
wherein the first excitation class information for the current frame indicates that the excitation class of the current frame corresponds to a speech class, if the current frame has a speech characteristic,
wherein the second excitation class information for the current frame indicates that the excitation class of the current frame corresponds to a first non-speech class, if the current frame does not have the speech characteristic,
wherein the third excitation class information for the current frame indicates that the excitation class of the current frame corresponds to a second non-speech class, if the current frame does not have the speech characteristic, and
wherein whether the excitation class of the current frame corresponds to the first non-speech class or the second non-speech class is determined based on a tonal characteristic of the current frame.

US Pat. No. 10,339,945

CODING/DECODING METHOD, APPARATUS, AND SYSTEM FOR AUDIO SIGNAL

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

6. A decoding method performed by a decoder, comprising:receiving an encoded audio signal bitstream;
obtaining one or more characteristic factors, high frequency band coding information, and an energy ratio corresponding to an audio signal of the encoded audio signal;
decoding, according to the one or more characteristic factors, the audio signal bitstream to obtain a low frequency band signal;
decoding, according to the high frequency band coding information, the audio signal bitstream to obtain a high frequency band signal;
predicting the high frequency band signal to obtain a first full band signal;
performing de-emphasis processing on the first full band signal based on a de-emphasis parameter that is determined according to the one or more characteristic factors;
calculating a first energy of the first full band signal that has undergone de-emphasis processing;
obtaining a second full band signal according to the energy ratio, the first full band signal that has undergone de-emphasis processing, and the first energy; and
restoring the audio signal according to the second full band signal, the low frequency band signal, and the high frequency band signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,944

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PREDICTING HIGH BAND EXCITATION SIGNAL

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A method for audio signal processing at a decoder, comprising:decoding a bitstream to obtain a set of spectral frequency parameters, wherein the set of spectral frequency parameters have an ordering relationship according to frequencies;
calculating spectral frequency parameter difference values associated with at least two pairs of the set of spectral frequency parameters, wherein each pair of the spectral frequency parameters comprises two adjacent spectral frequency parameters according to the ordering relationship;
determining, according to a bitrate of the bitstream, a search range for a minimum spectral frequency parameter difference value;
correcting each calculated spectral frequency parameter difference value in the search range using a correction factor to obtain a plurality of corrected spectral frequency parameter difference values;
searching for the minimum spectral frequency parameter difference value from the plurality of corrected spectral frequency parameter difference values in the search range;
determining, according to the minimum spectral frequency parameter difference value, a start frequency bin for predicting a high band excitation signal from a low band excitation signal obtained via the decoding of the bitstream;
generating the high band excitation signal by selecting a frequency band with a preset bandwidth from the low band excitation signal according to the start frequency bin; and
outputting a wideband signal that is generated according to the high band excitation signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,942

PARAMETRIC JOINT-CODING OF AUDIO SOURCES

FRAUNHOFER-GESELLSCHAFT Z...

1. A method of audio encoding a plurality of source audio signals comprising:computing, for the plurality of source audio signals, statistical information representing spectral envelopes of the source audio signals of the plurality of source audio signals, wherein the statistical information further includes, for each respective one of the plurality of source audio signals and each of a plurality of subbands, information regarding a normalized subband auto-correlation function of the respective one of the plurality of source audio signals; and
transmitting the statistical information representing the spectral envelopes of the source audio signals and the information regarding the normalized subband auto-correlation function for each of the plurality of source audio signals and each of the plurality of subbands as metadata for an audio signal derived from the plurality of source audio signals; wherein
at least one of computing the statistical information and transmitting the statistical information is implemented, at least in part, by one or more hardware elements of an audio signal processing device.

US Pat. No. 10,339,941

COMFORT NOISE ADDITION FOR MODELING BACKGROUND NOISE AT LOW BIT-RATES

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. A decoder being configured for processing an encoded audio bitstream, wherein the decoder comprises:a bitstream decoder configured to derive a decoded audio signal from the bitstream, wherein the decoded audio signal comprises at least one decoded frame;
a noise estimation device configured to produce a noise estimation signal comprising an estimation of a level and/or a spectral shape of a noise in the decoded audio signal;
a comfort noise generating device configured to derive a comfort noise signal from the noise estimation signal; and
a combiner configured to combine the decoded frame of the decoded audio signal and the comfort noise signal in order to acquire an audio output signal, in such way that the decoded frame in the audio output signal comprises artificial noise;
wherein the decoder comprises a switch device configured to switch the decoder alternatively to a first mode of operation or to a second mode of operation, wherein in the first mode of operation the comfort noise signal is fed to the combiner, whereas the comfort noise signal is not fed to the combiner in the second mode of operation; and
wherein the decoder comprises a control device configured to control the switch device automatically, wherein the control device comprises a noise detector and configured to control the switch device depending on a signal-to-noise ratio of the decoded audio signal, wherein under low-signal-to-noise-ratio-conditions the decoder is switched to the first mode of operation and under high-signal-to-noise-ratio-conditions to the second mode of operation.

US Pat. No. 10,339,940

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENCODING A STEREO SOUND SIGNAL USING CODING PARAMETERS OF A PRIMARY CHANNEL TO ENCODE A SECONDARY CHANNEL

VoiceAge Corporation, To...

49. A stereo sound encoding system for encoding left and right channels of a stereo sound signal, comprising:a down mixer of the left and right channels of the stereo sound signal to produce primary and secondary channels; and
an encoder of the primary channel and an encoder of the secondary channel;
wherein the secondary channel encoder comprises an analyzer of coherence between secondary channel coding parameters calculated during the secondary channel encoding and primary channel coding parameters calculated during the primary channel encoding to decide if the primary channel coding parameters are sufficiently close to the secondary channel coding parameters to be re-used during the secondary channel encoding.

US Pat. No. 10,339,938

SPECTRUM FLATNESS CONTROL FOR BANDWIDTH EXTENSION

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A method of decoding an encoded audio bitstream at a decoder, the method comprising:receiving, by a processor in the decoder, the audio bitstream from the network, the audio bitstream comprising a low band bitstream;
decoding, by the processor in the decoder, the low band bitstream to get low band coefficients in a frequency domain;
copying, by the processor in the decoder, a plurality of the low band coefficients to a high frequency band location to generate high band coefficients;
evaluating, by the processor in the decoder, modification gains through following equation:
Gain(k)=(C0+C1·?Mean_HB/F_energy_dec[k]), k=Start_HB, . . . ,End_HB?1,
wherein {Gain(k), k=Start_HB, . . . , End_HB?1} are the modification gains, F_energy_dec[k] is an energy distribution at each frequency location index k of a copied high band, Start_HB and End_HB define a high band range, C0 and C1 satisfying C0+C1=1 are pre-determined constants, and Mean_HB is a mean energy value obtained by averaging energies of the high band coefficients;
modifying, by the processor in the decoder, an energy envelope of the high band coefficients to flatten and smooth the high band coefficients by multiplying modification gains with the high band coefficients in the frequency domain to form processed high band coefficients, wherein the processed high band coefficients have an energy closer to the mean energy value;
applying, by the processor in the decoder, a received spectral envelope to the high band coefficients, the received spectral envelope being decoded from the received audio bitstream; and
inverse-transforming, by the processor in the decoder, the low band coefficients and the processed high band coefficients to a time domain to obtain a time domain audio output signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,936

METHOD, DEVICE AND SYSTEM OF ENCODING A DIGITAL INTERACTIVE RESPONSE ACTION IN AN ANALOG BROADCASTING MESSAGE

1. A method comprising:validating, through an audio encoding system, a user of the audio encoding system as a publisher of a message as a digital media file;
encoding, through the audio encoding system, the digital media file associated with the message with decodable data using a unique identifier, the decodable data in one instance being an audio stream at a frequency audible to a human ear and in another instance being an audio stream at an ultrasound frequency inaudible to the human ear;
generating, through the audio encoding system, a modified digital media file from the digital media file based on the encoding of the digital media file associated with the message with the decodable data such that an audio stream associated with the modified digital media file encoded with the decodable data is interpretably indistinguishable from a primary audio stream associated with the digital media file through the human ear;
capturing, through a client application of a mobile device of a client user, the modified digital media file playing on a broadcasting device to generate capture data therefrom based on metadata associated with the mobile device, the metadata being one of: a timestamp, a geospatial location, a set of user preferences and a set of advertising histories;
generating, through the audio encoding system, a response action of the client user based on analyzing the capture data from the mobile device to extract elements therefrom and comparing the extracted elements to data stored in a database;
associating, through a processor and a memory of the audio encoding system, the response action of the client user in an interactive form to the message of the publisher, wherein the response action is at least one of a call-back action, a web-form action, and a resource-page redirect action for the client application of the mobile device of the client user, the call-back action being triggering of a phone call to the publisher via a user interface of the client application, the web-form action being display of a set of forms chosen by the publisher on the user interface of the client application, and the resource-page redirect action being display of a webpage through at least one of: the user interface of the client application and a browser of the mobile device;
generating, through the audio encoding system, the unique identifier through a hash function applied to the response action associated with the message of the publisher;
automatically interpreting, through the client application, the modified digital media file in both the one instance and the another instance to decode the decodable data therein; and
enabling, through the client application, the client user to initiate the response action in the interactive form to the message of the publisher without interrupting an experience of concurrent sensing of media content through the broadcasting device by the client user in accordance with the automatic interpretation of the modified digital media file and the association of the response action, the message accompanying the media content being sensed by the client user.

US Pat. No. 10,339,935

CONTEXT-AWARE ENROLLMENT FOR TEXT INDEPENDENT SPEAKER RECOGNITION

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A processor-implemented method for recognizing a speaker, the method comprising:measuring, by a processor-based system, context data associated with collected TI speech utterances from a user in a context, the collected TI speech collected during a first time interval;
identifying, by the processor-based system, an identity of the user based on received identity measurements;
performing, by the processor-based system, a speech quality analysis of the TI speech utterances;
performing, by the processor-based system, a state analysis of the user based on the TI speech utterances;
evaluating, by the processor-based system, a training merit value associated with the TI speech utterances, based on the speech quality analysis and the state analysis;
storing, by the processor-based system, the TI speech utterances as training data in a training database, if the training merit value exceeds a threshold value, the stored utterances indexed by the user identity and the context data;
determining a sufficiency of the stored training data for enrollment of a TI speaker recognition model;
training the TI speaker recognition model, associated with the user and the context, based on the stored training data; and
employing the TI speaker recognition model to recognize the user.

US Pat. No. 10,339,934

ASYNCHRONOUS PROCESSING OF USER REQUESTS

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method performed by one or more processing devices of a server system, the method comprising:storing, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, predetermined assignment data that specifies, for each of multiple different action types, whether asynchronous performance or synchronous performance is assigned for handling later-received user requests associated with the action type;
after storing the assignment data, receiving, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, data from a client device over a network, the data indicating a user request from a user to a digital assistant;
determining, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, (i) an action corresponding to the user request and (ii) a particular action type that is associated with the action, wherein the particular action type is one of the multiple different action types;
accessing, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, the predetermined assignment data stored prior to receiving the data indicating the user request, wherein the predetermined assignment data indicates whether asynchronous performance or synchronous performance is assigned for handling user requests associated with the particular action type;
based on the predetermined assignment data and the particular action type associated with the action corresponding to the user request, selecting, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, between (i) performance of the action synchronously with respect to the user request such that the action is performed before the server system performs another action requested by a subsequent user request from the user and (ii) performance of the action asynchronously with respect to the user request such that the server system is configured to perform another action requested by a subsequent user request from the user before or in parallel with the action;
selecting, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, one or more confirmation messages to send to the client device for output by the client device, the selected one or more confirmation messages comprising (i) when the action has been selected for performance synchronously with respect to the user request, an initial confirmation message only that indicates an intent to perform the action, and (ii) when the action has been selected for performance asynchronously with respect to the user request, an initial conformation message that indicates the intent to perform the action, and an additional confirmation message that indicates, in response to execution of the action or in response to a user request about a status of the action, that the action has been executed; and
causing, by the one or more processing devices of the server system, the action to be performed synchronously or asynchronously with respect to the user request according to the selection.

US Pat. No. 10,339,933

VISUALIZATION OF AUDIO ANNOUNCEMENTS USING AUGMENTED REALITY

International Business Ma...

1. A method of communicating audio messages using augmented reality, comprising:associating a user with an announcement location based on a prescheduled itinerary associated with the user;
capturing audio from the associated location;
filtering the captured audio to yield a set of audio messages;
analyzing the set of audio messages to determine, for each audio message of the set of audio messages, whether the audio message is relevant to the user based on a score on a rated scale that indicates a relatedness of content of the announcement to an event in the prescheduled itinerary associated with the user;
generating a visual message comprising a visual synopsis of a portion of audio content of an audio message relevant to the user of the set of audio messages;
determining a real-world object over which to display the visual message in an augmented reality environment based on the analyzed content of the announcement from which the visual message was generated;
associating the visual message with the real-world object;
configuring the visual message to be displayed as an augmented reality overlay on a display of a camera view of a mobile user device having a camera in the case that the real-world object is within the camera view of the mobile user device;
assigning a time limit to the visual message based on the score indicating the relatedness of content of the announcement from which the visual message was generated to the event in the prescheduled itinerary associated with the user;
forwarding the visual message to a mobile user device associated with the user in real-time, responsive to generation of the visual message, according to a notification technique selected by the user;
displaying, in the case that a current time is within the time limit, the visual message on a display of the mobile user device associated with the user when the user directs a camera of the mobile user device associated with the user at the real-world object associated with the visual message; and
displaying, in response to an interaction of the user with the display, text associated with the visual message on the mobile user device.

US Pat. No. 10,339,932

AUDIO INPUT ACTIVATION BASED ON THERMAL DATA DETECTION

Lenovo (Singapore) Pte. L...

1. A method, comprising:detecting, using at least one thermal sensor associated with an information handling device and without receiving user touch input, thermal data associated with an entity,
determining, using a processor, whether the thermal data is associated with a human or another thermal entity, the determining comprising identifying whether a height level of the entity is above a predetermined threshold and whether a heat signature of the entity is greater than a predetermined threshold; and
activating, based on determining that the thermal data is associated with a human, at least one audio input device associated with the information handling device.

US Pat. No. 10,339,931

PERSONA-BASED CONVERSATIONAL INTERFACE PERSONALIZATION USING SOCIAL NETWORK PREFERENCES

The Toronto-Dominion Bank...

1. A system comprising:a communications module;
at least one memory storing instructions, a plurality of user profiles, and a repository of persona-related contextual content associated with a plurality of personas, the persona-related contextual content for use in personalizing at least one response generated in response to a conversational contextual input; and
at least one hardware processor interoperably coupled with the at least one memory and the communications module, wherein the instructions instruct the at least one hardware processor to:
receive, via the communications module, a first signal including a conversational input received via interactions with a conversational interface, the conversational input associated with a particular user profile, wherein the particular user profile is associated with a set of social network activity information;
analyze the received conversational input via a natural language processing engine to determine an intent of the received conversational input and to determine a personality input type of the received conversational input;
identify a persona response type associated with the determined personality input type;
determine a set of response content responsive to the determined intent of the received conversational input;
identify a particular persona associated with the particular user profile based on the set of social network activity information, the identified particular persona corresponding to the identified persona response type, where the particular persona is associated with a set of persona-related content;
modify the set of response content using at least a portion of the persona-related content to generate a persona-associated response; and
transmit, via the communications module, a second signal including the persona-associated response to a device associated with the particular user profile for presentation in response to the received conversational input.

US Pat. No. 10,339,926

DIGITAL ASSISTANT

Oath Inc., New York, NY ...

1. A method for dynamically selecting a personality for a digital assistant, comprising:receiving audio, from a user via a microphone, associated with a conversation with a digital assistant;
using speech recognition to convert the audio into a request comprising text;
determining a task based upon the request;
determining one or more sentences associated with the task;
determining a context of the conversation based upon the request and a user profile of the user;
calculating a first degree of relevance of a first personality, of a plurality of personalities, to the context of the conversation, wherein the first personality corresponds to a voice of a first person and the plurality of personalities corresponds to voices of a plurality of people;
calculating a second degree of relevance of a second personality, of the plurality of personalities, to the context of the conversation;
in response to determining that the first degree of relevance is greater than the second degree of relevance, selecting the first personality from the plurality of personalities, wherein the first personality is stored in a database in association with a first topic and each personality of the plurality of personalities is stored in the database in association with one or more topics, wherein the selecting the first personality is based upon a determination that at least one of the context of the conversation or the task is associated with the first topic;
generating audio of the one or more sentences with the voice of the first person using the first personality; and
presenting the audio of the one or more sentences with the voice of the first person as part of the conversation, via a speaker, to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,339,925

GENERATION OF AUTOMATED MESSAGE RESPONSES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, from a first device, input audio data including a spoken utterance;
performing speech processing on the input audio data;
determining the input audio data comprises a message intended for a second device associated with a user profile;
generating output text data responding to the input audio data, the output text data being based on the input audio data being received from the first device;
identifying a plurality of stored audio segments associated with the user profile, the stored audio segments comprising speech data previously sent to the first device from the second device;
performing text-to-speech (TTS) processing on the output text data to generate output audio data, wherein the TTS processing uses the plurality of stored audio segments;
determining that the user profile is associated with an unavailable indicator associated with the second device, the unavailable indicator being based on the second device being in operation; and
sending, to the first device in response to determining the user profile is associated with the unavailable indicator, the output audio data.

US Pat. No. 10,339,922

THEMATIC SEGMENTATION OF LONG CONTENT USING DEEP LEARNING AND CONTEXTUAL CUES

SAP SE, Walldorf (DE)

1. A system comprising:a memory that stores instructions;
one or more processors configured by the instructions to perform operations comprising:
accessing a plurality of sentences;
generating a plurality of sentence vectors, each sentence vector of the plurality of sentence vectors corresponding to a respective sentence of the plurality of sentences;
providing a first subset of the plurality of sentence vectors as a first, input to a recurrent neural network (RNN);
providing a second subset of the plurality of sentence vectors as a second input to the RNN;
based on a first output of the RNN responsive to the first input and a second output of the RNN responsive to the second input, determining that a subset of the plurality of sentences relate to a first topic; and
providing an output comprising the subset of the plurality of sentences related to the first topic.

US Pat. No. 10,339,921

MULTICHANNEL RAW-WAVEFORM NEURAL NETWORKS

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving, by a neural network in a speech recognition system, first data representing a first raw audio signal generated by a first microphone and second data representing a second raw audio signal generated by a second microphone that is a different microphone from the first microphone, wherein the first raw audio signal and the second raw audio signal correspond to the same period of time;
generating a spatial filtered output for a single combined channel comprising performing a first time convolution on the first data and the second data using a spatial filtering convolutional layer in the neural network, wherein the first time convolution is performed using one or more multichannel filters spanning a first length in time, the spatial filtered output comprising one or more feature maps generated without pooling outputs of the first time convolution;
generating a spectral filtered output comprising performing a second time convolution on the one or more feature maps of the spatial filtered output using a spectral filtering convolutional layer, wherein the second time convolution is performed using one or more single-channel filters spanning a second length in time that is longer than the first length in time for the first time convolution;
processing, using one or more additional layers in the neural network, the spectral filtered output to predict sub-word units encoded in both the first raw audio signal and the second raw audio signal; and
in response to processing, using the one or more additional layers in the neural network, the spectral filtered output, causing a device to perform an action using the predicted sub-word units.

US Pat. No. 10,339,920

PREDICTING PRONUNCIATION IN SPEECH RECOGNITION

AMAZON TECHNOLOGIES, INC....

1. A computer-implemented method for processing a spoken utterance, the method comprising:receiving a single word comprising a first portion and a second portion;
determining a first language of origin of the first portion;
determining a first score associated with the first language of origin;
determining a second language of origin of the second portion;
determining a second score associated with the second language of origin;
determining a plurality of potential pronunciations of the single word based at least in part on the first score and the second score, wherein each of the plurality of potential pronunciations is associated with a respective pronunciation score and wherein the plurality includes at least one hybrid pronunciation of the single word based on the first language of origin and the second language of origin;
receiving a spoken utterance comprising a request to output audio content;
matching a portion of the spoken utterance with one of the plurality of potential pronunciations based at least in part on a pronunciation score of one of the plurality of potential pronunciations;
identifying the audio content based at least in part on the one of the plurality of potential pronunciations; and
causing the audio content to be played by a computing device.

US Pat. No. 10,339,918

ADAPTIVE SPEECH ENDPOINT DETECTOR

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

1. A speech endpoint detector apparatus, comprising:a speech detector including one or more of configurable logic or fixed functionality logic to detect a presence of speech in an electronic speech signal;
a pause duration measurer including one or more of configurable logic or fixed functionality logic communicatively coupled to the speech detector to measure a duration of a pause following a period of detected speech;
an end of utterance detector including one or more of configurable logic or fixed functionality logic communicatively coupled to the pause duration measurer to detect if the pause measured following the period of detected speech is greater than a pause threshold corresponding to an end of an utterance; and
a pause threshold adjuster including one or more of configurable logic or fixed functionality logic communicatively coupled to the end of utterance detector to store the measured duration of pauses in the detected speech in stored pause information associated with the user and adaptively adjust the pause threshold corresponding to an end of an utterance based on stored pause durations associated with a user, wherein the pause threshold adjuster is further to determine statistics of pause durations, and wherein the stored pause information includes a database having at least two sets of pause statistics respectively associated with at least two identified users.

US Pat. No. 10,339,917

ENHANCED SPEECH ENDPOINTING

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer implemented method, comprising:storing, by a computing device that is configured to set an end of speech condition after a user has stopped speaking for a period of time, (i) a context identifier in association with one or more expected speech recognition results for a first context and (ii) an additional context identifier in association with one or more additional expected speech recognition results for a second context;
after storing the context identifier in association with the one or more expected speech recognition results for the first context and the additional context identifier in association with the one or more additional expected speech recognition results for the second context, receiving, by the computing device, audio data corresponding to an utterance spoken by the user of the client device;
while receiving the audio data corresponding to the utterance spoken, receiving, by the computing device, the context identifier that indicates a context associated with (i) the client device or (ii) the user of the client device;
accessing, by the computing device and from among the one or more expected speech recognition results and the one or more additional expected speech recognition results, the one or more expected speech recognition results based on the one or more expected speech recognition results being stored in association with the context identifier;
before an automated speech recognizer provides a final speech recognition result for the audio data for output, comparing, by the computing device, an intermediate speech recognition result generated for the audio data by the automated speech recognizer to each of the one or more expected speech recognition results with the context identifier;
based at least on comparing the intermediate speech recognition result generated for the audio data by the automated speech recognizer to the one or more expected speech recognition results associated with the context identifier, determining, by the computing device, that the intermediate speech recognition result generated for the audio data by the automated speech recognizer matches one of the one or more expected speech recognition results associated with the context identifier; and
based on determining that the intermediate speech recognition result generated for the audio data by the automated speech recognizer matches the one of the one or more expected speech recognition results associated with the context identifier and before the period of time has elapsed after the user stopped speaking,
setting the end of speech condition and providing, for output by the computing device the intermediate speech recognition result that matches the one of the one or more expected speech recognition results as the final speech recognition result based on the audio data.

US Pat. No. 10,339,909

ELECTRONIC MUSICAL INSTRUMENT, KEYBOARD APPARATUS AND FRAME

YAMAHA CORPORATION, Hama...

1. An electronic musical instrument comprising:a frame; and
a plate-shaped member attached to the frame; wherein
the frame includes:
a first rib extending in a first direction;
a second rib being arranged on a second direction side intersecting the first direction with respect to the first rib, the second rib extending in the first direction;
a first wall portion extending in the second direction and connecting the first rib and the second rib;
a second wall portion facing the first wall portion and extending in the second direction;
an extending portion being arranged on the first wall portion and being bendable toward the first direction;
a first projecting portion projecting from the extending portion toward the second wall portion;
a second projecting portion projecting from the second wall portion toward the first wall portion; and
a plurality of bosses being arranged on a side of the first wall portion with respect to the plate-shaped member;
a distance between a distal end of the boss on an opposite side of the plate-shaped member with respect to the boss and the plate-shaped member is longer than a distance between a second distal end of the second wall portion on an opposite side of the plate-shaped member with respect to the second projecting portion and the plate-shaped member, and
the plate-shaped member is held by the first projecting portion and the second projecting portion.

US Pat. No. 10,339,908

OPTIMAL MIXING MATRICES AND USAGE OF DECORRELATORS IN SPATIAL AUDIO PROCESSING

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft z...

1. An apparatus for generating an audio output signal comprising two or more audio output channels from an audio input signal comprising two or more audio input channels, comprising:a provider for providing first covariance properties of the audio input signal, and
a signal processor for generating the audio output signal by applying a mixing rule on at least two of the two or more audio input channels,
wherein the signal processor is configured to determine the mixing rule based on the first covariance properties of the audio input signal and based on second covariance properties of the audio output signal, the second covariance properties being different from the first covariance properties, and the second covariance properties being target covariance properties,
wherein the apparatus is implemented using a hardware apparatus or using a computer or using a combination of a hardware apparatus and a computer.

US Pat. No. 10,339,907

SIGNAL PROCESSING APPARATUS

CASIO COMPUTER CO., LTD.,...

1. A signal processing apparatus comprising:a first memory which stores plural pieces of coefficient data used for implementing a filter algorithm and containing plural coefficient data sets as many as a number corresponding to a filter order of the filter algorithm for at least one sort of filter algorithm of a variable filter order;
a second memory which stores input data sets from a last sample to a sample before the (filter order-1)-th sample for every filter algorithm as delay data sets; and
a processor which receives plural pieces of input data to be subjected to the filter algorithm, executes the filter algorithm using the plural pieces of coefficient data stored in the first memory and the plural pieces of received input data as many times as a number corresponding to a designated filter order, and outputs an execution result of the filter algorithm, in which filter algorithm each piece of coefficient data and each piece of input data are multiplied together and resultant products are summed up, and further, successively receives the coefficient data stored in the first memory and current input data stored in the second memory, repeatedly implements a first-order filter algorithm by time division processing of a dividing time length corresponding to the filter order, and outputs output-data within each sampling period.

US Pat. No. 10,339,905

ILLUMINATED INSTRUMENT STRAP

1. An instrument strap, comprising:a first end and a second end wherein each of the first end and the second end has a fastener disposed thereupon with each of the fastener adapted to removably secure the instrument strap to an instrument;
an adjustment mechanism where the adjustment mechanism is disposed between the first end and the second end and separates the instrument strap into a first segment and a second segment wherein the adjustment mechanism is further adapted to change the length of the instrument strap by shortening or elongating a length of the second segment;
a light, including a plurality of LEDs or lights, disposed on first segment of the instrument strap, the light having a connection to a control box wherein the connection between the control box and light is adapted to supply a power to the light;
a power source capable of supplying the power to the light;
the control box attached to the first segment comprising
a controller having a non-transitory memory which at least partially stores a logic where the non-transitory memory is in a medium readable by the controller,
a plurality of input signals readable by the controller,
a plurality of illumination codes readable by the controller adapted to select a previously stored illumination pattern program from non-transitory memory,
such that upon reading and executing the logic at least in part by the controller causes the control box to enable the power source to supply power to the light to cause the light to illuminate in a manner determined by the logic, the plurality of input signals, and the illumination pattern program.

US Pat. No. 10,339,903

STOMP BOX PERCUSSION DEVICE

12. A stomp box percussion device, the device comprising:a top plate having an exterior surface and an opposing interior surface;
at least one sidewall, the sidewall coupled to the interior surface;
a bottom plate coupled to the at least one sidewall;
a chamber formed by the interior surface, the at least one sidewall, and the bottom plate;
a central aperture;
a sound device disposed in the chamber;
a central kerf disposed on the exterior surface of the top plate; and
an alternating kerf disposed on the interior surface of the top plate.

US Pat. No. 10,339,902

STRING SUPPORT FOR STRINGED MUSICAL INSTRUMENT

1. A string support for a stringed musical instrument, comprising:a string support body having:
a major length;
a height;
a top surface; and
a cavity that recesses into the top surface of the string support body, the cavity extending in a primary direction and having a width and a depth; and
a first plate set comprising a string-engaging plate and at least one spacer plate;
wherein:
each plate in the first plate set seats vertically within the cavity, stacked in a direction of the width of the cavity;
a face of at least one plate in the first plate set is substantially parallel to the primary direction of the cavity;
the string-engaging plate has a portion thereof extending above the top surface of the string support body by a height greater than a height of each spacer plate; and
the order of the plates in the first plate set is adjustable to position the string-engaging plate forward or backward in the direction of the width of the cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,339,900

REMEDIATING INTERFERENCE OF AN INSTANCE OF A VISUAL NOTIFICATION WITH AN OUTPUT OF AN APPLICATION ON A DISPLAY DEVICE

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method for remediating an instance of a visual notification interfering with an output of an application on a display of an electronic device, comprising:identifying, by the computer, the instance of the visual notification on the display, wherein the identifying comprises invoking, by the computer, an operating system call to indicate a plurality of windows and a Z-order application programming interface (API);
determining, by the computer, that the visual notification is interfering with the output of the application on the display;
performing, by the computer, a first remediation action, wherein the first remediation action comprises attempting to remove the instance of the visual notification, wherein the first remediation action comprises changing a Z-order such that the instance of the visual notification is behind the output of the application on the display;
monitoring, by the computer, user response to the output of the application;
assessing, by the computer, based on the monitoring, an effectiveness of the output of the application;
determining, by the computer, based on the assessing, a failure of the effectiveness of the output of the application; and
performing, by the computer, a second remediation action in response to the determined failure of effectiveness of the output of the application wherein the second remediation action comprises terminating a parent process of the instance of the visual notification.

US Pat. No. 10,339,899

CHARACTER STRING DISPLAY METHOD AND APPARATUS

TENCENT TECHNOLOGY (SHENZ...

1. A character string display method, implemented by a computing device having one or more processors and memory storing programs executed by the one or more processors, the method comprising:acquiring character string data, the character string data being data corresponding to a to-be-displayed character string, and the character string comprising a plurality of characters;
analyzing the character string data to acquire number of digit information related to the character string and digit sequence information of each said character; and
displaying, digit by digit according to the digit sequence information and the number of digit information, a plurality of picture sets corresponding to said plurality of characters of said character string data, comprising:
displaying a first digit of the to-be-displayed character string; and
after finishing the displaying the first digit of the to-be-displayed character string, displaying a second digit of the to-be-displayed character string;
wherein each of said picture set comprises a plurality of pictures, and the plurality of pictures of each corresponding said picture set includes corresponding said character and at least one other character not the same as corresponding said character,
wherein displaying each of the picture set includes: displaying first the at least one said other character and displaying last corresponding said character at one character sequence at a time.

US Pat. No. 10,339,896

HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY APPARATUS, AND DISPLAY METHOD

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A head-mounted display apparatus comprising:an image display part configured to display an image;
an optical unit configured to lead the image to an eye of a wearer of the display apparatus;
a light intensity detector configured to detect light intensity of external light;
a dimmer filter configured to vary transmittance to adjust the intensity of the external light reaching the eye of the wearer; and
a controller configured to adjust the transmittance of the dimmer filter and the light intensity of a light source of the image display part based on the light intensity of the external light obtained by the light intensity detector,
wherein the transmittance of the dimmer filter has a value within a range of ±20% with respect to T calculated by the following formulas (1) and (2), where
T=(C×k)/(D×A)  (1)
D=?log((Lmax?L0)/(Lmax?Lmin))  (2),
wherein T denotes the transmittance of the dimmer filter, C denotes the light intensity of the image, A denotes the light intensity of the external light incident on an incident surface of the display apparatus, Lmax denotes a maximum value of viewability, Lmin denotes a minimum value of the viewability, L0 denotes a threshold of the viewability, and k denotes an image coefficient,
wherein the controller stores an adjustment table in advance, the adjustment table indicating a relationship between the light intensity of the external light, the transmittance of the dimmer filter, and the light intensity of the light source of the image display part, and adjusts the transmittance of the dimmer filter and the light intensity of the light source of the image display part based on the adjustment table,
wherein the controller includes a function to adjust the transmittance of the dimmer filter and the light intensity of the light source of the image display part in a plurality of stages, and automatically adjusts the transmittance of the dimmer filter and the light intensity of the light source of the image display part, based on information on the light intensity of the external light obtained by the light intensity detector and the adjustment table,
wherein the controller creates the adjustment table as required in accordance with a signal from the light intensity detector based on the formulas (1) and (2), and
wherein the controller automatically adjusts the transmittance of the dimmer filter and the light intensity of the light source of the image display part based on the created adjustment table to set the viewability at a level higher than or equal to a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,339,894

CONFIGURING MULTIPLE DISPLAYS OF A COMPUTING DEVICE TO HAVE A SIMILAR PERCEIVED APPEARANCE

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A method comprising:determining, by a computing device comprising a first display device coupled to a second display device by one or more hinges, that the computing device has moved from a first orientation to a second orientation, wherein the one or more hinges enable the first display device to be placed at an angle between about 0 degrees to about 360 degrees relative to the second display device;
determining, by the computing device, a power source providing power to the computing device;
determining, by the computing device, a first set of color adjustments based at least in part on:
ambient light data received from a plurality of ambient light sensors;
temperature data received from a plurality of temperature sensors; and
color data received from a plurality of color sensors;
performing, by the computing device, first color adjustments to at least one of the first display device or the second display device;
reducing, by the computing device, a difference in a perceived color between the first display device and the second display device based on the first color adjustments;
determining that the computing device has moved from the second orientation to a third orientation;
performing no additional color adjustments to the first display device and to the second display device based at least in part on determining that an angle between the first display device and the second display device does not satisfy a predetermined threshold; and
performing second color adjustments to the first display device and to the second display device based at least in part on determining that the angle between the first display device and the second display device satisfies the predetermined threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,339,893

DISPLAY APPARATUS

Maxell, Ltd., Kyoto (JP)...

1. An image display apparatus, comprising:Universal Serial Bus (USB) interface circuitry configured to receive compressed image information from an external image apparatus,
a decoder configured to decode the compressed image information received by the USB interface circuitry;
High-Definition Multimedia Interface (HDMI) interface circuitry configured to receive uncompressed image information from the external image apparatus;
a display apparatus configured to display first images based on decoded image information obtained by the decoder and second images based on the uncompressed image information received by the HDMI interface circuitry; and
a selector configured to select displaying the first images on the display apparatus or displaying the second images on the display apparatus in response to a user operation on an input device of the image display apparatus,
wherein if the selector selects displaying the first images on the display apparatus, based on an operation on the input device of the image display apparatus for conducting a slide show,
the USB interface circuitry transmits a first signal to the external image apparatus for causing the external image apparatus to output compressed image information corresponding to first still pictures, and receives the compressed image information corresponding to first still pictures output from the external image apparatus, and
the decoder decodes the compressed image information corresponding to first still pictures received by the USB interface circuitry, and
the display apparatus conducts a slide show at predetermined time intervals with the first still pictures, as the first images, based on the decoded image information obtained by the decoder, and
wherein if the selector selects displaying the second images on the display apparatus, based on an operation on the input device of the image display apparatus for conducting a slide show,
the HDMI interface circuitry transmits a second signal to the external image apparatus for causing the external image apparatus to decode compressed image information corresponding to second still pictures and output uncompressed image information corresponding to second still pictures based on the decoded still image information, and receives the uncompressed image information corresponding to second still pictures output from the external image apparatus, and
the display apparatus conducts a slide show at predetermined time intervals with the second still pictures, as the second images, based on the uncompressed image information received by the HDMI interface circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,339,890

DRIVER AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A driver comprising:a voltage driving circuit that amplifies a voltage of an input node and outputs the amplified voltage as a data voltage to a data voltage output terminal;
a D/A conversion circuit that selects a reference voltage corresponding to tone data from among a plurality of reference voltages, and outputs the selected reference voltage to the input node of the voltage driving circuit;
an auxiliary capacitor driving circuit that outputs first to nth auxiliary capacitor driving voltages (n is a natural number of 2 or more) corresponding to the tone data to first to nth auxiliary capacitor driving nodes; and
an auxiliary capacitor circuit having first to nth auxiliary capacitors provided between the input node of the voltage driving circuit and the first to nth auxiliary capacitor driving nodes, the auxiliary capacitor circuit outputting a voltage separately from the output of the selected reference voltage by the D/A conversion circuit, wherein the voltage output by the auxiliary capacitor circuit is not output by the D/A conversion circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,339,889

LIQUID CRYSTAL DRIVE DEVICE AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DRIVE METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A liquid crystal drive device that drives a liquid crystal display apparatus, which includes a plurality of common wirings and a plurality of segment wirings, the device comprising:a common driver configured to sequentially output a scanning signal having a plurality of voltage levels to the plurality of common wirings in a time division manner;
a segment driver configured to output a display signal having a plurality of voltage levels to the plurality of segment wirings; and
a contrast adjustment unit configured to generate contrast adjustment periods that are inserted into all duty periods, and output, to the common driver and the segment driver, a contrast control signal to control the timing of when the contrast adjustment periods are inserted into the duty periods in synchronization with the timing of the scanning signal and the display signal,
wherein the scanning signal and the display signal are output at an identical potential when a contrast adjustment period is indicated by the output of the contrast control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,339,887

GATE DRIVER ON ARRAY CIRCUIT

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A gate driver on array (GOA) circuit configured to be applied to an embedded touch display panel, comprising:a plurality of cascaded stages of GOA units;
wherein an nth-stage GOA unit comprises a forward-and-reverse scanning control module, a node control module, an output module, an output control module, and a current leakage limiting module;
wherein the forward-and-reverse scanning control module outputs a first node control signal to a first node of the GOA circuit and outputs a second node control signal to a second node of the GOA circuit according to a forward scanning direct-current control signal and a reverse scanning direct-current control signal;
wherein the node control module is coupled to the first node and the second node; the node control module pulls the first node control signal down to a constant voltage low level, and pulls the second node control signal up to a constant high level voltage;
wherein the output module is coupled to the first node, and a first clock signal is sent to the output module; the output module outputs a scanning signal according to the first node control signal and the first clock signal;
wherein a first control signal is sent to the output control module, the output control module pulls the scanning signal down to a constant low level voltage according to the first control signal;
wherein the current leakage limiting module is coupled to the first node; the current leakage limiting module limits current leakage of the first node to maintain a high level of the first node when the embedded touch display panel enters a stage in which signal interruption occurs and touch scanning is performed;
wherein the output module comprises a tenth thin film transistor (TFT); the first clock signal is sent to a source electrode of the tenth TFT, a gate electrode of the tenth TFT is connected with the first node, and a drain electrode of the tenth TFT is connected with an output end of the output module.

US Pat. No. 10,339,886

DISPLAY PANEL HAVING GATE DRIVING CIRCUIT AND METHOD OF MONITORING CHARACTERISTICS OF GATE DRIVING CIRCUIT

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A display panel comprising:a pixel array; and
a first and second gate driving circuit connected with each other through a gate line on a substrate,
each of the first and second gate driving circuits comprising:
a pull-up transistor connected to a clock line to which a clock signal is applied and turned on in response to a voltage of a Q node to increase a voltage of the gate line;
a pull-down transistor turned on in response to a voltage of a QB node to connect the gate line to a low voltage line to which a gate off voltage is applied to decrease the voltage of the gate line; and
a test transistor connected to at least one of the pull-up transistor and the pull-down transistor,
wherein the pull-up transistor, the pull-down transistor and the test transistor of each of the first and second gate driving circuits are disposed on the substrate of the display panel along with transistors for the pixel array displaying an input image,
wherein the test transistor of each of the first and second gate driving circuits is turned on in response to a gate on voltage of a test enable signal generated in a measurement mode to form a closed loop including the pull-up transistors of the first and second gate driving circuits or the pull-down transistors of the first and second gate driving circuits.

US Pat. No. 10,339,885

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A driving method of a display device comprisingan array substrate, and the array substrate comprising: a base substrate;
a plurality of gate lines provided on the base substrate; a plurality of gate line overlap parts provided on the base substrate and corresponding to the plurality of the gate lines in a one to one correspondence, each of the gate line overlap parts having a portion which overlaps a corresponding gate line of the gate lines in a direction perpendicular to the base substrate, a pixel electrode provided on the base substrate; and a common electrode located between two adjacent gate line overlap parts, the common electrode being configured to form an electric field with the pixel electrode, wherein the two adjacent gate line overlap parts are both insulated from the pixel electrode and insulated from the common electrode;
wherein the driving method comprises:
scanning the plurality of the gate lines in line sequence to display a frame of image; and
at one or both of a time when a potential of the gate line corresponding to a gate line overlap part is changed from a turn-on potential to a turn-off potential and a time when the gate line corresponding to the gate line overlap part is changed from the turn-off potential to the turn-on potential, making the gate line overlap part in a floating state, or making the potential of the gate line overlap part equal to the changed potential of the gate line corresponding to the gate line overlap part, wherein the changed potential comprises the turn-off potential which is changed from the turn-on potential or the turn-on potential which is changed from the turn-off potential.

US Pat. No. 10,339,883

DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device that displays an image, the display device comprising:a display area in which a plurality of pixels are aligned in row and column directions, each of the pixels including a drive element;
a plurality of scan lines extending in the row direction, each of the scan lines being coupled with the drive elements included in the pixels aligned in the row direction to transmit thereto a scan signal for selecting the pixels in the display area row by row;
a plurality of signal lines extending in the column direction, each of the signal lines being coupled with the drive elements included in the pixels aligned in the column direction to write display data of the image to be displayed on the display area to the pixels in a row selected by the scan signal;
a source driver that is a transmission source of the display data;
a plurality of switches that are provided between the source driver and the signal lines, that are coupled with the source driver and the signal lines, and that are coupled with the respective drive elements via the respective signal lines; and
a display control unit configured to:
alternately repeat a display period of writing the display data to the pixels and a stop period of stopping the writing of the display data to the pixels; and
in the stop period, turn off all the switches and turn off all the drive elements, wherein
during the entirety of the stop period, the signal lines hold the display data of one horizontal scanning period in the display period immediately before the stop period.

US Pat. No. 10,339,879

IMAGE PROCESSING APPARATUS, DISPLAY APPARATUS, AND IMAGE PROCESSING METHOD

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. An image processing apparatus comprising:a pixel misalignment processor that:
stores information corresponding to a pixel misalignment between a first image and a second image, the first image being generated from modulating a first color component of light by a first liquid crystal panel of a projector, the second image being generated from modulating a second color component of light, different from the first color component of light, by a second liquid crystal panel of the projector;
determines a cut-off pixel of the first image, disposed at a dummy region of the first image surrounding a display region of the first image, based on the information; and
determines a gradation displayed at the cut-off pixel in accordance with a gradation of an edge pixel indicated by an image signal to be inputted to an edge pixel disposed at the display region of the first image and located at a position adjacent to the cut-off pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,339,877

CLOCK SIGNAL OUTPUT CIRCUIT AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A clock signal output circuit, comprising a clock signal conversion unit, a voltage dividing unit, a protection signal generation unit, an over-current protection unit, and a switching unit;an input terminal of the clock signal conversion unit being connected with an initial clock signal, an output terminal of the clock signal conversion unit being electrically connected with a first terminal of the switching unit and outputting a converted clock signal; a first terminal of the voltage dividing unit being electrically connected with a second terminal of the switching unit and a second terminal of the voltage dividing unit being electrically connected with a display panel; the protection signal generating unit comprising a subtractor, a comparator, a switch, a current source, and a capacitor; a non-inverting input terminal and an inverting input terminal of the subtractor being respectively electrically connected with the first terminal and the second terminal of the voltage dividing unit, an output terminal of the subtractor being electrically connected with a non-inverting input terminal of the comparator; an inverting input terminal of the comparator being connected with a reference voltage and an output terminal of the comparator being electrically connected with a control terminal of the switch; the first terminal and the second terminal of the switch respectively being electrically connected with a first terminal and a second terminal of the capacitor, and the switch being closed when the control terminal of the switch being at a high level and being disconnected when the control terminal of the switch being at a low level; the first terminal of the capacitor being connected with a first terminal of the current source, the second terminal of the capacitor being grounded; the first input terminal of the over-current protection unit being electrically connected with the first terminal of the capacitor and the second input terminal of the over-current protection unit being electrically connected with the first terminal or the second terminal of the voltage dividing unit, an output terminal of the over-current protection unit being electrically connected with a control terminal of the switching unit;
the over-current protection unit being used for generating a corresponding control signal to control the switching unit to cut off, when a voltage at the first input terminal of the over-current protection unit being larger than or equal to a preset protection value and a current at the second input terminal of the over-current protection unit being larger than a preset current and keeping the same for a predetermined time.

US Pat. No. 10,339,875

NON-QUADRANGULAR DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a plurality of data lines;
a plurality of gate lines crossing the plurality of data lines;
an elliptical display panel comprising a plurality of pixels, each of the plurality of pixels being connected to one corresponding data line from among the plurality of data lines and one corresponding gate line from among the plurality of gate lines; and
a data driver configured to supply a plurality of data signals to the plurality of data lines,
wherein each of the plurality of data lines comprises a first portion that is connected to one pixel column and a second portion that is connected to another pixel column that is different from the one pixel column,
wherein a number of pixels connected to the first portion is different from a number of pixels connected to the second portion, and
wherein both of the first and second portions of one of the plurality of data lines are between first and second portions of another one of the plurality of data lines.

US Pat. No. 10,339,870

GOA CIRCUIT

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. A gate driver on array (GOA) circuit, comprising a plurality of cascade GOA units, for a positive integer n, the n-th GOA unit comprising:a first thin film transistor (TFT), having a gate of the first TFT directly connected to a first source/drain of a ninth TFT, when n-th GOA unit not the first GOA unit in the cascade, a source and a drain of the first TFT connected respectively to a signal output node of (n?1)-th GOA unit and a first node, otherwise, the source and the drain of the first TFT connected respectively to a first start signal and a first node;
a ninth TFT, having a second source/drain of the ninth TFT directly inputted with a first clock signal, when n-th GOA unit not the first GOA unit in the cascade, having a gate of the ninth TFT directly connected to a second node of the (n?1)th GOA unit, otherwise, the gate of the ninth TFT directly connected to a second start signal;
a third TFT, having a gate of the third TFT directly connected to a first source/drain of a tenth TFT, when n-th GOA unit not the last GOA unit in the cascade, a source and a drain of the third TFT connected respectively to a signal output node of (n+1)-th GOA unit and the first node, otherwise, the source and the drain of the third TFT directly connected respectively to a third start signal and the first node;
a tenth TFT, having a second source/drain of the tenth TFT directly connected to a third clock signal, when n-th GOA unit not the last GOA unit in the cascade, having a gate of the tenth TFT directly connected to the second node of the (n+1)th GOA unit, otherwise, the gate of the tenth TFT directly connected to a fourth start signal;
a seventh TFT, having a gate of the seventh TFT directly connected to the first node, a source and a drain of the seventh TFT directly connected respectively to the third node and a constant low voltage;
a sixth TFT, having a gate of the sixth TFT directly connected to the third node, a source and a drain of the sixth TFT directly connected respectively to the first node and the constant low voltage;
a fifth TFT, having a gate of the fifth TFT directly connected to a constant high voltage, a source and a drain of the fifth TFT directly connected respectively to the first node and the second node;
an eighth TFT, having a gate of the eighth TFT directly connected to a fourth clock signal, a source and a drain of the eighth TFT directly connected respectively to the third node and the constant high voltage;
a first capacitor, having the two ends connected respectively to the second node of n-th GOA unit and the signal output node of n-th GOA unit;
a second TFT, having the gate of the second TFT directly connected to the second node of n-th GOA unit, a source and a drain of the second TFT directly connected respectively to the signal output node of n-th GOA unit and the second clock signal;
a second capacitor, having the two ends connected respectively to the third node and the constant low voltage;
a fourth TFT, having a gate of the fourth TFT directly connected to the third node, a source and a drain of the fourth TFT directly connected respectively to the signal output node of n-th GOA unit and the constant low voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,339,867

DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a plurality of scan lines; and
a plurality of pixels, an i-th pixel (i being an integer greater than 1) of the pixels comprising:
a first switching transistor comprising a gate electrode directly coupled to an i-th scan line of the plurality of scan lines receiving an i-th scan signal for driving a current row of pixels, a first electrode directly coupled to a data line receiving a data signal, and a second electrode directly coupled to a first node, the first switching transistor being configured to receive the i-th scan signal at the gate electrode and turn on in response to receiving the i-th scan signal at the i-th scan line;
a first driving voltage transistor comprising a gate electrode directly coupled to the first node, a first electrode directly coupled to a first driving voltage, and a second electrode directly coupled to a second node;
a second driving voltage transistor comprising a gate electrode directly coupled to an (i?1)-th scan line of the plurality of scan lines prior to the i-th scan line by one row and receiving an (i?1)-th scan signal for driving a previous row of pixels, a first electrode directly coupled to a second driving voltage, and a second electrode directly coupled to the second node;
a second switching transistor comprising a gate electrode directly coupled to the second node, a first electrode directly coupled to a first power voltage, and a second electrode directly coupled to an organic light emitting diode; and
a capacitor comprising a first electrode directly coupled to the first power voltage and a second electrode directly coupled to the second node.

US Pat. No. 10,339,866

DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREFOR

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A display device comprising:a display that includes:
pixel circuits arranged in a matrix so as to define rows and columns;
scanning signal lines provided in a one-to-one correspondence with the rows; and
data lines provided in a one-to-one correspondence with the columns, wherein
a display mode is switchable between a low resolution mode and a high resolution mode,
each of the pixel circuits includes j electro-optical elements, where j is an integer greater than or equal to two, each of the electro-optical elements having an individual different light-emitting color,
the pixel circuits are configured such that, in the low resolution mode, intervals of the electro-optical elements which go into a light-emitting state have an equal distance between each other in a direction in which the scanning signal lines extend in each frame, the frame being a period in which an image for one screen is displayed,
the intervals of the electro-optical elements which go into the light-emitting state in the low resolution mode have a larger distance between each other than the intervals of the electro-optical elements which go into the light-emitting state in the high resolution mode,
when the display mode is the high resolution mode, an image is displayed on the display by dividing the frame into j sub-frames and bringing an electro-optical element having a different light-emitting color into the light-emitting state on a sub-frame-by-sub-frame basis in each of the pixel circuits,
when the display mode is the low resolution mode, an image is displayed on the display by defining j pixel circuits as one group, bringing one of the j electro-optical elements into the light-emitting state in each of the pixel circuits in the frame, and bringing electro-optical elements having respective light-emitting colors different from one another into the light-emitting state in the j pixel circuits included in each group in the frame, and
the j pixel circuits are arranged continuously in the direction in which the scanning signal lines extend.

US Pat. No. 10,339,864

FRAME STRUCTURE OF IMAGE DATA AND METHOD OF DIGITAL-DRIVING AN ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A method of digital-driving an organic light emitting display device which displays an image based on input image data by dividing a frame into sub-frames, the method comprising:analyzing a light emission pattern of the input image data for each frame; and
converting a third grayscale of the input image data from the organic light emitting display device into a first converted grayscale and a second converted grayscale based on an analysis result of the light emission pattern of the input image data,
wherein the converting the third grayscale of the input image data includes:
converting the third grayscale of the input image data for a first pixel into the first converted grayscale which uses a first sub-frame; and
converting the third grayscale of the input image data for a second pixel located adjacent to the first pixel into the second converted grayscale which uses a second sub-frame,
wherein each of the first sub-frame and the second sub-frame has a first time weight, and
wherein luminance implemented by the first pixel based on the first converted grayscale is the same as luminance implemented by the second pixel based on the second converted grayscale.

US Pat. No. 10,339,861

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

LG DISPLAY CO., LTD., Se...

1. An organic light emitting diode display device comprising:a scan switch configured to apply one of a sensing voltage and a compensation data voltage on a data line to a first node in response to a scan pulse;
a sensing switch configured to apply a reference voltage on a sensing line to a second node in response to a sensing control signal;
a storage capacitor connected between the first and second nodes;
a driving switch configured to adjust an electric current based on a voltage between the first and second nodes; and
an organic light emitting diode connected between the second node and a low potential driving voltage line,
wherein:
the compensation data voltage is applied to the first node and the reference voltage is applied to the second node, in a first initialization interval;
a voltage on the second node is increased by turning-off the sensing switch in a driving switch property compensating interval;
the scan switch is turned-off and the reference voltage is applied to the second node by turning-on the sensing switch, in a second initialization interval; and
the voltage of the second node is increased by driving the driving switch in one of a source follower mode and a constant current mode,
wherein the scan switch is turned-off and the reference voltage is applied to the second node, in a third initialization interval,
wherein the voltage on the second node is increased by floating the sensing line in an organic light emitting diode property sensing interval while the compensation data voltage is applied to the first node,
wherein the voltage on the second node is detected via the sensing line in an organic light emitting diode property detecting interval for sensing an operation voltage of the organic light emitting diode after the driving switch has been compensated with the compensation data voltage, and
wherein the organic light emitting diode property sensing interval is performed after the switch property compensating interval and before the organic light emitting diode property detecting interval.

US Pat. No. 10,339,855

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR IMPROVED LED DRIVING

Apple, Inc., Cupertino, ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a display having a plurality of pixels, each pixel comprising a light-emitting diode (LED); and
a controller configured to:
provide data signals to the plurality of pixels at a refresh rate;
determine a first frequency of the refresh rate; and
control a respective switch directly coupled to an anode of at least one LED of at least one of the plurality of pixels at a second frequency, wherein the second frequency is based on whether the first frequency is less than a predetermined threshold value, and wherein controlling the respective switch at the second frequency prevents the at least one LED from emitting light when a data signal of the data signals for the at least one LED is configured to cause the at least one LED to display black.

US Pat. No. 10,339,854

IMAGE DISPLAY PANEL AND GATE DRIVING CIRCUIT THEREOF

AU OPTRONICS CORPORATION,...

1. A gate driving circuit, coupled to a pixel array, wherein the pixel array comprises a plurality of gate lines, and the gate driving circuit comprises:a plurality of shift registers, coupled to the pixel array, wherein the shift registers are separately located on two opposite sides of the pixel array, and shift registers located on a same side are sequentially coupled to each other;
a plurality of pull-up transistors, coupled to the pixel array, wherein the pull-up transistors are separately located on the two opposite sides of the pixel array, wherein
an nth pull-up transistor of the pull-up transistors comprises:
a control end, directly and electrically coupled to a control end of a driving transistor of an (n?1)th shift register that is located on a same side as the nth pull-up transistor;
a first end, used to receive a clock signal, wherein the clock signal is further input to an nth shift register of the shift registers that is located on an opposite side of the nth pull-up transistor; and
a second end, coupled to an nth gate line of the pixel array and used to drive the nth gate line,
wherein n is a positive integer greater than one; and
a virtual shift register, coupled to a first pull-up transistor of the pull-up transistors, wherein the virtual shift register is used to provide a required signal to one of the pull-up transistors.

US Pat. No. 10,339,853

MOBILE TERMINAL AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A mobile terminal, comprising:a display unit comprising
a display panel comprising a plurality of pixels,
a scan driver comprising a plurality of stages connected to at least one of the plurality of pixels and supplying a scanning signal, and
a data driver configured to supply a data voltage to the plurality of pixels;
an eye detecting sensor configured to detect an eye position of a user with respect to the display panel;
a controller configured to generate a control signal that controls the display unit and configured to output the control signal,
wherein the scan driver is configured to supply a scanning signal from a stage corresponding to one region of the display panel where the eye of the user is directed;
the stage is connected to a scan line connected to the at least one pixel,
the display panel is divided into a plurality of regions according to the scan line;
the controller is configured to generate the control signal so that the scan driver supplies a scanning signal to regions excluding at least one region from among the plurality of regions, and
the controller is configured to generate the control signal so as to supply the scanning signal in a reverse direction from a stage corresponding to a lower region when the eye of the user is directed to the lower region from among the plurality of regions.

US Pat. No. 10,339,852

DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY APPARATUS INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display panel comprising:a plurality of pixels arranged in a matrix including a plurality of pixel rows and a plurality of pixel columns, in which each pixel of the plurality of pixels has a short side and a long side that is longer than the short side;
a plurality of data lines extending in a first direction substantially parallel with the plurality of pixel columns along the short side of the pixels, each of the data lines is connected to at least two adjacent pixels included in a single pixel row, wherein a first pixel and a second pixel of the plurality of pixels are disposed between a first data line and second data line of the plurality of data lines, and the first pixel and the second pixel are connected to the first data line;
a plurality of gate lines extending in a second direction substantially parallel with the plurality of pixel rows, each of the gate lines connected to at least one pixel included in a single pixel row, at least two of the gate lines disposed between two adjacent pixel rows;
a gate driver configured to generate a plurality of gate signals for driving the plurality of gate lines; and
a plurality of terminals configured to receive the plurality of gate signals to transmit the plurality of gate signals to the plurality of gate lines,
wherein some of the plurality of terminals are connected to some of the plurality of gate lines with a cross-coupled structure.

US Pat. No. 10,339,850

LOW-LATENCY DISPLAY

NVIDIA Corporation, Sant...

1. A method, comprising:receiving a portion of an image for display, wherein the portion of the image comprises a first row of pixels associated with a first camera position and a second row of pixels associated with a second camera position that is different compared with the first camera position:
selecting a pulse-width value for displaying the portion of the image based on a target intensity value and a feedback signal;
generating a sequence of binary scalars each having a value of either one or zero based on the pulse-width value; and
driving a low-latency display device to present the portion of the image using the sequence of binary scalars, wherein the feedback signal comprises the sequence of binary scalars multiplied by a global intensity value
wherein the global intensity value is updated to a subsequent global intensity value in a repeating sequence for each frame time.

US Pat. No. 10,339,848

DISPLAY APPARATUS WITH MULTIPLE POWER MODES AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel; and
a timing controller configured to, in a first operation mode, generate first output image data based on input image data and set a driving frequency of the display panel as a first frequency,
the timing controller configured to, in a second operation mode, convert the input image data into second output image data and set the driving frequency of the display panel as a second frequency lower than the first frequency,
wherein the display panel displays a first image based on the first frequency and the first output image data in the first operation mode, the first image being represented by X grayscales, where X is a natural number equal to or greater than two,
wherein the display panel displays a second image based on the second frequency and the second output image data in the second operation mode, the second image being represented by Y grayscales, where Y is a natural number less than X and the Y grayscales are based on a plurality of reference grayscales.

US Pat. No. 10,339,845

TRANSPARENT DISPLAY DEVICE AND TRANSPARENT DISPLAY PANEL

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A transparent display panel, comprising:a plurality of data lines and a plurality of gate lines on a substrate;
a plurality of transparent pixels each including a plurality of subpixels, which display different colors and are disposed adjacent to each other in a first direction, and a transparent area disposed adjacent to a corresponding plurality of subpixels in a second direction; and
a repair line overlapping a first transparent pixel and a second transparent pixel adjacent to each other in the second direction in the plurality of transparent pixels,
wherein each of the plurality of subpixels adjacent to each other in the first direction includes a reflective layer on the repair line, a pixel electrode on the reflective layer, an organic layer on the pixel electrode, a common electrode on the organic layer, and an encapsulation layer on the common electrode,
wherein the transparent area adjacent to the corresponding plurality of subpixels in the second direction includes the organic layer on the substrate, the common electrode on the organic layer, and the encapsulation layer on the common electrode,
wherein the repair line comprises:
a first repair line part overlapping at least one of a plurality of pixel electrodes included in the first transparent pixel;
a second repair line part extending in the second direction outside a transparent area of the first transparent pixel; and
a third repair line part overlapping at least one of a plurality of pixel electrodes included in the second transparent pixel,
wherein the plurality of subpixels included in each of the plurality of transparent pixels each comprise a transistor and the pixel electrode, the pixel electrode including a first protrusion and a second protrusion which are located at opposite sides of the pixel electrode,
wherein the pixel electrode comprises:
a first part including the first protrusion, the first protrusion having a width narrower than a width of the pixel electrode;
a second part including the second protrusion, the second protrusion having a width narrower than the width of the pixel electrode; and
a connection part partitioning the pixel electrode into the first part and the second part,
wherein the connection part is directly connected with the first part and the second part of the pixel electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,339,836

DEMONSTRATOR OF QUALITIES OF A SPECTACLE LENS MATERIAL

ESSILOR INTERNATIONAL, C...

1. A demonstrator of properties of a spectacle eyeglass material, comprising:a hollow holder apertured with an observation window; and
a lens that closes said observation window and that comprises at least one portion made from said spectacle eyeglass material;
wherein the demonstrator comprises at least two distinct demonstrating means chosen from the following list:
an electrostatic element that is freely housed in the hollow holder and that is capable of moving under the action of an electrostatic force;
an ultraviolet mark that is located in the hollow holder so as to be observable through said lens and that appears when it is illuminated with ultraviolet light; and
an abrasive element that is movably mounted on the hollow holder and that is suitable for scratching said lens.

US Pat. No. 10,339,833

ASSISTIVE READING INTERFACE

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A method of operating a computing device to verbally render information on a display, the method comprising:receiving, user input representing a single contact gesture identifying a desired location on the display and indicating a direction of motion of a pointing device across the display, the motion crossing over content;
determining whether the direction of motion with the user interface is at least one of a horizontal motion or a vertical motion;
mapping, a unit of size for verbally rendering content to at least one of a first size corresponding to at least one of individual words or characters based on determining that the direction of motion corresponds to the horizontal motion associated with the single contact gesture or to a second size corresponding to one or more entire lines of text based on determining that the direction of motion corresponds to the vertical motion associated with the single contact gesture, wherein mapping the unit of size includes selecting content to be rendered according to the first size or the second size based on the direction of motion relative to a threshold angle that differentiates between motions signifying different sized content units; and
verbally rendering information on the display according to the unit of size and based on the direction of motion with the user interface.

US Pat. No. 10,339,828

OPERATOR TRAINING AND MANEUVER REFINEMENT SYSTEM FOR POWERED AIRCRAFT

1. A pilot training and maneuver refinement system comprising:an input controller that is moveable by a pilot to different positions to cause movement of at least one controlled element of an aircraft to produce a resultant change in at least one operational parameter of the aircraft during performance of a desired flight maneuver during powered flight of the aircraft;
a digital storage medium configured to record and store position data corresponding to the real-time position of the input controller in relation to the at least one operational parameter of the aircraft;
an electronic display visible to the pilot; and
a PLC configured to receive and monitor position data from the input controller in real time, compare the real-time position data to empirical standards compiled from stored input controller position data previously generated by experienced pilots flying the same flight maneuver in the same type aircraft under the same or similar flight conditions, and to generate and communicate to the display instructions for displaying in juxtaposition images readily discernible to the pilot that correspond to the real-time input controller position and a preferred input controller position based upon the empirical standards compiled from stored data that will better effectuate performance of the desired flight maneuver.

US Pat. No. 10,339,821

PLATFORM AND KNOWLEDGE-BASED INSTRUCTION ENGINE IMPLEMENTED SKILL-IMPROVEMENT SYSTEM THROUGH CLOUD COMPUTING

1. A method for generating feedback to a human practitioner practicing a skill, comprising:providing a local platform for acquiring physical parameter data pertaining to motion and position of said human practitioner and motion and position of a golf club and a golf ball struck by said golf club during a golf swing by said human practitioner, wherein providing the local platform comprises:
providing a laser grid, said laser grid acquiring said physical parameter data of said motion and position of said golf club and said golf ball struck by said golf club during said golf swing; and
providing a video camera to acquire said physical parameter data associated with said motion and position of said human practitioner during said golf swing, wherein said physical parameters data associated with said motion and position of said human practitioner being processed to identifying body parts of said human practitioner during said golf swing, divide said physical parameters data associated with said motion and position of said human practitioner during said golf swing into a plurality of individual video frames over a predetermined timeframe, wherein each individual video frame is divided into a plurality of subframes, each subframe of the plurality of subframes focused on a predetermined body part, wherein the plurality of video frames are processed to remove background imagery;
transmitting via the internet at least a portion of said physical parameter data of said motion and position of said golf club and said golf ball struck by said golf club during said golf swing and said physical parameter data associated with said motion and position of said human practitioner during said golf swing from said local platform to a cloud-based analysis engine, said cloud-based analysis engine implemented via a cloud-based paradigm and is located remotely relative to said local platform, said cloud-based analysis engine comparing said physical parameter data of said motion and position of said golf club and said golf ball struck by said golf club during said golf swing and said physical parameter data associated with said motion and position of said human practitioner during said golf swing to a predefined parameters and generating feedback;
receiving via the internet said feedback from said cloud-based analysis engine; and
providing said feedback to said human practitioner using at least one of an audio device operatively coupled with said local platform and a visual display operatively coupled with said local platform, wherein said visual display showing and comparing at least one corresponding sub-frame from said videos frames to a base model showing proper position of the predetermined body part during said golf swing.

US Pat. No. 10,339,817

FLIGHT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM AND FLIGHT PLAN ALERT INTEGRATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A flight management system, comprising:a display configured to display a user interface; and
at least one processor with a non-transitory processor-readable medium storing processor-executable code for causing the at least one processor to:
receive flight plan information regarding a flight plan of an aircraft;
receive aircraft status information from an aircraft monitoring system;
generate an alert indicating a deviation from the flight plan based on a comparison of the aircraft status information to the flight plan information; and
provide the alert on a portion of the user interface by emphasizing an interactive element displayed on the user interface, the interactive element displaying information related to the aircraft status information,
the interactive element configured to be selected by a pilot to at least one of view additional information regarding the alert and to modify the flight plan of the aircraft to change the aircraft status information.

US Pat. No. 10,339,816

AUTOMATIC AIRCRAFT MONITORING AND OPERATOR PREFERRED REROUTING SYSTEM AND METHOD

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. An automatic monitoring and proposed in-flight rerouting system for an airborne aircraft traveling to a destination via a current route, comprising:at least one computer processor; and
at least one memory storing a plurality of components of an application, the plurality of components executable by the at least one computer processor and comprising:
a route optimization function executable to: (i) receive updated information selected from updated airline information, updated aircraft information, updated airspace information, and updated traffic information; and (ii) responsive to receiving the updated information, automatically and proactively compute at least a first in-flight reroute to the destination for the airborne aircraft, by at least in part communicating with an operational control system specific to an airline associated with the airborne aircraft in order to consider reservations, airframe usage and movement, crew movement, and high-value passenger connection data;
a conflict detection function executable to automatically check the first in-flight reroute against traffic trajectories of other aircraft and airspace constraints for conflicts; and
a conflict resolution function executable to, upon detection of one or more conflicts in the first in-flight reroute by the conflict detection function, automatically and proactively compute a second in-flight reroute in accordance with preferences selected from airline preferences, flight crew preferences, and air navigation service provider preferences, in order to resolve the detected one or more conflicts in the first in-flight reroute, wherein the second in-flight reroute is selected from a cost optimal reroute, a fuel optimal reroute, a time optimal reroute, an environmentally beneficial reroute, an airspace constrained reroute, and an airport constrained reroute, wherein the second in-flight reroute is characterized by a resource usage improvement relative to the current route, wherein the resource usage improvement is selected from cost saved, fuel saved, time saved, environmental impact, airspace impact, and airport impact;
wherein upon no conflict being detected in the second in-flight reroute by the conflict detection function, and further upon receipt of clearance from air traffic control to reroute the airborne aircraft based on the second in-flight reroute, the airborne aircraft is rerouted to the destination based on the second in-flight reroute, wherein the rerouted aircraft arrives at the destination after traveling according to the second in-flight reroute, which causes the resource usage improvement to be attained.

US Pat. No. 10,339,815

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING LAMP OF PLATOONING VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for controlling lamps of platooning vehicles including a leading vehicle and a plurality of following vehicles, the apparatus comprising:a memory configured to store information related to the following vehicles; and
a controller configured to collectively control lamps of the leading vehicle and following vehicles in a response to events occurring in the leading vehicle and following vehicles.

US Pat. No. 10,339,812

SURROUNDING VIEW CAMERA BLOCKAGE DETECTION

DENSO International Ameri...

1. A camera monitoring system for a vehicle, the system comprising:a plurality of cameras disposed around an exterior of a vehicle;
an image processing module communicating with the plurality of cameras and generating overhead view images from raw images taken by at least one of the plurality of cameras;
a histogram module communicating with the image processing module and generating at least one histogram from the overhead view images;
a likelihood module communicating with the histogram module, determining a blackout ratio and a whiteout ratio for the at least one histogram, and determining a likelihood of blockage for at least one of the plurality of cameras, the likelihood module summing the blackout ratio and the whiteout ratio to create a Blackout+Whiteout ratio and determining whether the Blackout+Whiteout ratio is greater than a first predetermined threshold, indicating a possible blockage of at least one of the plurality of cameras;
a line alignment module communicating with the likelihood module and the image processing module and detecting feature points in the overhead view image from a selected camera of the plurality of cameras and detecting the same feature points in the overhead image from an adjacent camera, determining trajectories for the feature points, and determining whether a trajectory of detected feature points in the overhead view image from the selected camera aligns with the trajectory of detected feature points in the overhead view image from the adjacent camera of the plurality of cameras; and
a reporting module communicating with the line alignment module and reporting a camera blockage status to at least one vehicle system or controller.

US Pat. No. 10,339,810

MANAGEMENT OF MOBILE OBJECTS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:identifying, by an event agent (EA) of a plurality of EAs, an event occurring in a geographic space in which a plurality of mobile objects move, wherein the event agent handles all events occurring in a region of a plurality of regions of the geographic space, wherein identifying, by the event agent (EA), the event occurring in the geographic space in which the plurality of mobile objects move includes: generating the event based on information comprising information from outside a system containing the EA and detection information that is detected by at least one mobile object among the plurality of mobile objects, wherein identifying, by the event agent (EA), the event occurring in the geographic space in which the plurality of mobile objects move further includes determining an expected event to be handled by at least one of a plurality of predictive environment agents (PEAs), wherein each of the plurality of PEAs is assigned a region of the geographic space, and determining the expected event to be handled by at least one of the plurality of PEAs is positioned in an adjacent region to the region of the EA, transmitting the expected event to an adjacent PEA assigned to the adjacent region;
determining the event is the expected event based on predicting time-series changes of the event handled by the EA, wherein determining the event is the expected event includes determining a plurality of the events correspond respectively to a plurality of future timings, wherein determining the event is the expected event includes updating the plurality of PEAs in response to reaching an earliest future timing among the plurality of future timings, according to passage of time, wherein updating the plurality of PEAs includes shifting the plurality of PEAs to be earlier in time series order, and reassigning the plurality of PEAs to the plurality of future timings updated with a future timing following the earliest future timing as an origin, wherein the EA and the plurality of PEAs are assigned for every same region in the geographic space; and
determining a derived expected event that is predicted to derive from the generated expected event;
transmitting the one expected event generated based on determining the expected event to be handled by each of at least one of the plurality of PEAs in response to generation of one expected event to the adjacent PEA via an adjacent EA assigned to the adjacent region;
deleting, from the PEA, an expected event that was completed;
managing, by the predictive environment agent (PEA), the expected event.

US Pat. No. 10,339,807

APPARATUS USING SYNC AND BALANCED V2V COMMUNICATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a wireless interface to communicate with an offsite wireless interface; and
a controller to:
identify a location of the vehicle;
determine when the location is within one of multiple concentric intersection zones extending outwardly from an intersection area;
responsive to determining a traffic signal within the intersection area is malfunctioning, generate a traffic optimization plan based on the location being within the one of the zones; and
communicate the traffic optimization plan.

US Pat. No. 10,339,805

TRAFFIC LIGHT RECOGNITION DEVICE AND TRAFFIC LIGHT RECOGNITION METHOD

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A traffic light recognition device, comprising:a camera mounted on a vehicle and configured to capture an image around the vehicle;
a processor; and
a memory coupled to the processor, the memory storing instructions which, when executed by the processor:
acquire map information around the vehicle;
detect a current position on a map of the vehicle;
estimate a position on an image of a traffic light on a basis of the current position and the map information;
set an imaging direction of the camera on a basis of the position on the image of the traffic light and of a moving direction in the future on the image of the traffic light;
change the imaging direction of the camera to the set imaging direction;
recognize the traffic light from an image captured in the imaging direction by the camera;
set a change point or region at which the imaging direction of the camera is changed, on a basis of the position on the image of the traffic light and of the moving direction in the future on the image of the traffic light; and
change the imaging direction when the vehicle reaches the change point or region.

US Pat. No. 10,339,800

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR PROCESSING TRAFFIC ROAD INFORMATION

HANGZHOU HIKVISION DIGITA...

1. A method for processing traffic road information, comprising:obtaining acquired traffic parameters of a first target road section and/or the reliability of the traffic parameters within a first preset period, wherein the traffic parameters at least comprise any one or more of the following parameters: a vehicle time occupancy rate, flow saturation of vehicle flow, and a vehicle speed;
selecting a first fuzzy rule matrix table from a pre-stored set of fuzzy rule matrix tables based on the number of the traffic parameters of the first target road section and/or the reliability of the traffic parameters, wherein the fuzzy rule matrix tables comprise any one of the following types of matrix tables: a one-dimensional fuzzy rule matrix table, a two-dimensional fuzzy rule matrix table, and a three-dimensional fuzzy rule matrix table;
determining a membership degree for each type of traffic conditions contained in the first fuzzy rule matrix table by calling a membership function, wherein the traffic conditions at least comprise the following types: Unblocked, Slow and Congested; and
comparing the membership degrees of all types of traffic conditions contained in the first fuzzy rule matrix table to determine a real-time traffic condition for the first target road section within the first preset period.

US Pat. No. 10,339,794

SMOKE DETECTOR AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING FAILURE THEREOF

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method for determining an operational state of a smoke detector having an illuminator and a light sensor, comprising:measuring a first clean-air voltage indicative of a first intensity of a first electromagnetic signal detected by a first photodetector of the light sensor at a first center wavelength, wherein the illuminator comprises a first light source that emits light at the first center wavelength;
determining a first signal drift value from the first clean-air voltage and a first reference voltage for the first center wavelength;
measuring a second clean-air voltage indicative of a second intensity of a second electromagnetic signal detected by a second photodetector of the light sensor at a second center wavelength that exceeds the first center wavelength by at least twenty percent thereof, wherein the illuminator comprises a second light source that emits light at the second center wavelength;
determining a second signal drift value from the second clean-air voltage and a second reference voltage for the second center wavelength; and
determining the operational state from both the first signal drift value of the first center wavelength and the second signal drift value of the second center wavelength, wherein determining the operational state comprises:
determining a signal-drift threshold based on the second signal drift value;
comparing the first signal drift value to the signal-drift threshold that was determined based on the second signal drift value to determine the operational state; and
producing a failure signal when the smoke detector is in a degraded operational state.

US Pat. No. 10,339,785

FAILURE DIAGNOSIS SYSTEM

SUMITOMO HEAVY INDUSTRIES...

1. A failure diagnosis system comprising:a first sensor that ascertains, from a first diagnosis target device in a facility, first diagnosis target information;
a second sensor that ascertains, from a second diagnosis target device in the facility, second diagnosis target information;
a terminal device that causes a display unit to display, on a screen, an image of the first diagnosis target device, an image of the second diagnosis target device, and a layout of the facility; and
a processing unit that executes a diagnosis process on the first diagnosis target information to determine an occurrence of an abnormality in the first diagnosis target device, and executes the diagnosis process on the second diagnosis target information to determine an occurrence of an abnormality in the second diagnosis target device,
wherein when the diagnosis process determines the occurrence of the abnormality in the first diagnosis target device, the terminal device causes the display unit to display a first indicator on the screen,
wherein when the diagnosis process determines the occurrence of the abnormality in the second diagnosis target device, the terminal device causes the display unit to display a second indicator on the screen,
wherein the terminal device causes the display unit to display a setting screen to create a facility layout and set disposition of the first diagnosis target device and the second diagnosis target device in the facility layout,
wherein the terminal device causes the display unit to display, on the setting screen, a part region, in which a part image of the facility is displayed, and a facility layout display region, and create the facility layout by receiving an operation of disposing, in the facility layout display region, the part image displayed in the part region,
wherein the terminal device receives an operation of disposing images of the first diagnosis target device and the second diagnosis target device in the created facility layout on the setting screen,
wherein the image of the first diagnosis target device depicts, on the screen, a location in the layout where the first diagnosis target device is sited, and
wherein the image of the second diagnosis target device depicts, on the screen, a location in the layout where the second diagnosis target device is sited.

US Pat. No. 10,339,784

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MONITORING SENSOR DATA OF ROTATING EQUIPMENT

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. A method for detecting a failure in rotating equipment based on monitoring sensor data of the rotating equipment, wherein the method comprises:collecting, during an online phase, by a plurality of sensors of the rotating equipment, a sensor data stream, wherein the data stream consists of an ordered sequence of feature vectors, each feature vector representing measurements of at least one sensor of the plurality of sensors of the rotating equipment at a certain point in time,
providing the sensor data stream to a processor,
processing, by the processor, the sensor data stream
representing the sensor data stream with a set of microclusters, each microcluster defining a subspace,
for each new feature vector of the sensor data stream, updating the set of microclusters by
calculating a correlation distance measure between the new feature vector and each microcluster,
assigning the new feature vector to a microcluster with a smallest value for the correlation distance measure if the value is below a range parameter and updating the microcluster based on the new feature vector, or
creating a new microcluster based on the new feature vector if all values for the correlation distance measure are above the range parameter,
creating, during an offline phase, a macrocluster model containing macroclusters based on the microclusters by calculating a comparison measure between each pair of microclusters and grouping microclusters in a macrocluster if their value of the comparison measure is below a threshold, and
comparing the macrocluster model with historical models by calculating a similarity measure, with each historical model representing either a standard operation or a failure state,
choosing the historical model with the highest value of the similarity measure, and
detecting a failure if the chosen historical model represents a failure state.

US Pat. No. 10,339,773

HOME SECURITY SYSTEM WITH AUTOMATIC CONTEXT-SENSITIVE TRANSITION TO DIFFERENT MODES

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:determining, by a home security system, that a user is not on a premises of a home within a period of time based on a location of the user determined by the home security system from an event in an email received in an email account of the user;
based on determining that the user is not on the premises of the home within the period of time, placing the home security system in a vacation mode, wherein the vacation mode defines a vacation mode response for a security event, wherein the vacation mode response for the security event is different from an away mode response for the security event defined by an away mode of the home security system; and
selectively activating one or more devices when the home security system is in the vacation mode.

US Pat. No. 10,339,770

HAPTIC ENABLED STRAP FOR WEARABLE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

IMMERSION CORPORATION, S...

1. A system, comprising:a wearable electronic device;
a strap, operatively connected to the wearable electronic device, to allow a user to wear the wearable electronic device on a body part;
an actuator connected to the strap; and
a processor, in signal communication with the wearable electronic device and the actuator, configured to:
receive an input signal including directional information,
determine an output signal, based on the directional information, to generate a haptic effect that conveys the directional information to the user, and
send the output signal to the actuator to provide the haptic effect to the user through movement of the strap.

US Pat. No. 10,339,769

SERVER-PROVIDED VISUAL OUTPUT AT A VOICE INTERFACE DEVICE

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method, comprising:at an electronic device with one or more microphones, a speaker, an array of indicator lights, one or more processors, and memory storing one or more programs for execution by the one or more processors:
obtaining first visual output instructions stored at the electronic device, wherein the first visual output instructions control operation of the array of indicator lights based on operating state of the electronic device, including operating states of applications executing thereon;
receiving a voice input;
obtaining from a remote system a response to the voice input and second visual output instructions, wherein the second visual output instructions are provided by the remote system along with the response in accordance with a determination that the voice input satisfies one or more criteria;
executing the response;
in response to obtaining the second visual output instructions, changing operation of the array of indicator lights to respond to the second visual output instructions instead of the first visual output instructions; and
in response to a determination of an absence of the second visual output instructions, displaying visual output on the array of indicator lights in accordance with the first visual output instructions.

US Pat. No. 10,339,767

SENSOR SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ANALYZING PRODUCE

Walmart Apollo, LLC, Ben...

1. A system for identifying and tracking ripeness levels of produce items purchased at a store to manage inventory, the system comprising:a server configured to execute a produce analysis module;
a database for storing data sensed at a point-of-sale (POS) system, the database communicatively coupled with the server; and
a sensor disposed at the POS system and in communication with the server, the sensor configured to:
sense data measurements of a plurality of produce items scanned at the POS system,
transmit the sensed data measurements to the server along with a timestamp indicating at least one of a time and date when the data was sensed by the sensor,
wherein the produce analysis module is configured to:
store the sensed data measurements and the timestamp in the database,
analyze a plurality of sensed data measurements stored in the database taken over a period of time for a produce item, so as to determine a ripeness level from the sensed data measurements for the produce item for each timestamp stored in the database over the period of time,
determine a customer-preferred ripeness level for the produce item for at least one of a particular time and date based on the determined ripeness level for the produce item over the period of time, and
adjust programmatically at least one of inventory orders or display times for the produce item based on the customer-preferred ripeness level.

US Pat. No. 10,339,765

DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND RELATED METHODS FOR REAL-TIME MONITORING AND DISPLAY OF RELATED DATA FOR CASINO GAMING DEVICES

1. In an environment including a communication network and a plurality of casino table games which have associated electronic card handling devices, each adapted to generate card handling performance data and an area identifier indicating an area including the respective card handling device within the environment, a monitoring system comprising:a monitoring server in communication with the communication network and programmed to receive the area identifiers and the card handling performance data from the electronic card handling devices in real-time during operation thereof, the card handling performance data selected from the group consisting of one or more of shuffling data, game hand data, card dealing/distribution data, game round data, and game outcome data; and
an operator station in communication with the monitoring server and including a user input device and a video display;
wherein at least one of the monitoring server or the operator station is configured to:
associate each electronic card handling device's received performance data and the respective area identifier with the corresponding electronic card handling device generating the performance data;
receive, via the user input device, user input including a selected area of interest within the environment and one or more user-defined settings;
in response to at least some of the user input, identify the electronic card handling devices associated with a common area identifier corresponding to the selected area of interest; and
control, based at least partially on the one or more user-defined settings, the operator station video display to display a graphical user interface including simultaneously displaying graphical representations of the performance data associated with the identified electronic card handling devices, the performance data including at least one report depicting a comparison of real-time operational data for at least two card handling devices of the identified electronic card handling devices,
wherein the performance data associated with the electronic card handling devices having area identifiers different from the common area identifier is filtered from the display in response to the user selection.

US Pat. No. 10,339,763

COMPUTER GAME OF CHANCE

1. A system for a computer game of chance, the system comprising:one or more processors; and
a non-transitory computer readable medium storing a plurality of instructions, which when executed, cause the one or more processors to:
display, via a user interface, at least a part of a field of play associated with a game of chance;
receive, via the user interface, a user selection of a region within the field of play;
evaluate a probability that an object will traverse the user-selected region during any of a plurality of random movements by the object from a beginning area to an ending area during a round of play;
display, via the user interface, at least one of the probability that the object will traverse the user-selected region during any of the plurality of random movements by the object from the beginning area to the ending area during the round of play, and a success value based on the probability, prior to displaying the object moving in the field of play during at least some of the plurality of random movements;
display, via the user interface, the object moving in the field of play during at least some of the plurality of random movements;
determine whether the object traversed the user-selected region during any of the plurality of random movements during the round of play; and
credit the success value, based on the probability, to a player of the game of chance in response to a determination that the object traversed the user-selected region during any of the plurality of random movements during the round of play.

US Pat. No. 10,339,761

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING A FEATURE GAME

ARISTOCRAT TECHNOLOGIES A...

1. A gaming machine, comprising:a credit input mechanism for receiving a physical item representing a monetary value to establish a credit balance;
a display device for displaying a plurality of virtual reels;
a player interface for selecting a wager funded by the credit balance and initiating play of a base game; and
a game controller configured to:
spin the plurality of virtual reels to select and display a plurality of symbols at a plurality of corresponding display positions on the display device, wherein the plurality of symbols are selected from configurable symbols and non-configurable symbols, and wherein each of the configurable symbols is configured to display an award value; and
initiate a feature game when a triggering number of configurable symbols are displayed;
wherein, during the feature game, the game controller is further configured to:
set a quantity of games remaining in the feature game to an initial quantity;
hold each configurable symbol at its corresponding display position;
select and display replacement symbols for non-configurable symbols in the plurality of corresponding display positions;
reduce the quantity of games remaining when the replacement symbols do not include at least one configurable symbols;
reset the quantity of games remaining in the feature game to at least the initial quantity when the replacement symbols include at least one configurable symbol;
repeat the hold, the select and display, the reduce, and/or the reset until the quantity of games remaining is none or until a threshold number of configurable symbols are held; and
award a feature game award based on the configurable symbols held in the plurality of corresponding display positions.

US Pat. No. 10,339,759

WAGERING GAME CONTENT BASED ON LOCATIONS OF PLAYER CHECK-IN

Bally Gaming, Inc., Las ...

1. A method of operating a gaming system, the method comprising:receiving, at at least one of one or more remote servers from an application on a mobile device, a check-in message indicating a physical location external to a wagering game establishment and an identification of a wagering game player account;
detecting log-in of the wagering game player account on a wagering game machine in the wagering game establishment, wherein the wagering game machine is configured to present a wagering game and establish a credit balance upon detection of a physical item associated with value;
in response to detecting the log-in, determining modified game content associated with the physical location; and
transmitting the modified game content from at least one of the one or more remote servers to the wagering game machine for use in presenting the wagering game.

US Pat. No. 10,339,753

GAMING SYSTEM, GAMING DEVICE AND METHOD FOR MODERATING REMOTE HOST INITIATED FEATURES FOR MULTIPLE CONCURRENTLY PLAYED GAMES

IGT, Las Vegas, NV (US)

1. A gaming system comprising:at least one display device;
at least one processor; and
at least one memory device which stores a plurality of instructions, which when executed by the at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to:
cause the at least one display device to concurrently display a plurality of poker games,
randomly select one of the concurrently displayed poker games,
cause the at least one display device to display a poker game outcome for each of the concurrently displayed poker games, and
cause the at least one display device to display a determined award associated with each of the concurrently displayed poker game outcomes, wherein:
responsive to the displayed poker game outcome for the randomly selected poker game being a designated poker game outcome, the determined award associated with said displayed poker game outcome is a progressive award, and
responsive to the displayed poker game outcome for any of the plurality of poker games except the randomly selected poker game being the designated poker game outcome, the determined award associated with said displayed poker game outcome is not the progressive award.

US Pat. No. 10,339,752

METHOD OF GAMING, A GAMING SYSTEM AND A GAME CONTROLLER

Aristocrat Technologies A...

1. An electronic method of gaming in a gaming system, wherein the gaming system comprises an input device, a display, and a game controller, the game controller comprising a processor and memory, the memory storing instructions and reel data defining at least a plurality of reels, each of the plurality of reels having a plurality of symbol positions, wherein the plurality of symbol positions include a plurality of designated symbol positions, the electronic method of gaming comprising:selecting, by the game controller, in response to receiving an instruction from the input device, a selected game option selected from one of a plurality of game options;
forming, by the game controller, in response to the selected game option, a set of symbols for each of the plurality of reels to be used in generating at least one game outcome, wherein a symbol of the set of symbols of each of the plurality of reels being is located at a symbol position of the plurality of symbol positions, and wherein, for each of the plurality of reels, one or more of the symbols of the set of symbols at at least one of the plurality of symbol positions is fixed and the symbols of the set of symbols that are not fixed at one or more of the plurality of designated symbol positions are selected, and wherein
for a first game option, forming, by the game controller, the set of symbols includes randomly selecting at least one mystery symbol from a set of mystery symbols for use at a first subset of the plurality of designated symbol positions and using predefined symbols at the designated symbol positions not used at the first subset of the plurality of designated symbol positions, and
for a second game option, forming, by the game controller, the set of symbols includes randomly selecting at least one of the mystery symbols for use at the first subset of the plurality of designated symbol positions and a second subset of the plurality of designated symbol positions;
generating, by the game controller, a game outcome by selecting subsets of the symbols from the respective plurality of reels of the formed set of symbols for display on the display; and
evaluating the symbols displayed at the plurality of symbol display positions in the game outcome to determine if the game outcome corresponds to a winning combination of symbols.

US Pat. No. 10,339,749

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PARKING VEHICLES USING A MOBILE COMPUTING DEVICE

Rapid Lane, LLC, San Fra...

1. A Garage Server-based system for providing valet and self-parking services, the system comprising:a network of participating Valets and Garages;
a network of independent Garage Servers wherein each independent Garage Server contains data related to a specific garage and participating Valets and their availability, pricing and address; and
User and Valet software applications that operate on a mobile computing device, cell phone, tablet or laptop and perform the following functions:
(A) provide an interface for a User and an interface for a Valet;
(B) access real-time data from the Server;
(C) allows a User to search for a Valet based on address, city or price for a particular day and time;
(D) allows a User to summons a Valet to a particular location at a certain day and, time for a predetermined price;
(M) upon receiving a request for Valet, sends alerts to a predetermined number of Valets simultaneously and regularly over a predetermined period of time;
(J) sends a Valet confirmation to the User
(F) receive a map and driving instructions to meet the Valet at the particular location;
(P) once the User and Valet arrive at the particular destination and have a visual of each other, the User and the Valet are each provided with an “I'm here” electronic confirmation button to initiate the handover of the User's vehicle to the Valet;
(G) initiate a financial transaction to pay for the Valet or other parking services from the User s inApp financial account;
(Q) the User app generates and opens a QR Code which the Valet is able to scan;
(R) allows the Valet to upload parking location information including but not limited to Garage, address, floor and space number to the Server;
(S) sends the parking location information to the User;
(T) when the User requests its vehicle be returned by the Valet, the Server sends the User a request confirmation from a Valet;
(U) the Valet is provided with a mute and GPS guidance to a return destination requested by the User;
(V) when the Valet and User arrive at the return destination and have a visual of each other, the User and the Valet are each provided with an “I'm here” electronic confirmation button to conclude the handover of the User's vehicle from the Valet back to the User;
(W) the User app generates and opens a second QR Code which the Valet is able to scan;
(X) the transaction on the User app ends, and User funds for payment of the parking services are dispensed from the User's financial account to the Valet account, the Administrator account and the Garage account;
(Y) the Valet service data is added to the Server;
(Z) the User is sent a receipt, and the User's history file in the Server is updated; and
(H) conclude the transaction picked up by the Valet.

US Pat. No. 10,339,748

VENDING MACHINE HAVING MECHANISMS FOR EXECUTING LOCKING, INDEXING AND DISPENSING OPERATIONS

1. A vending machine, comprising:a hopper having a central platform and a dispensing opening defined therein, said central platform having a top surface and a circular groove defined in said top surface;
a container storage carousel disposed upon, spaced and extending above said central platform of said hopper and being rotatable about a first axis extending longitudinally of said carousel, said carousel having at least a lower plate and a plurality of tubular storage columns extending upright upon said lower plate so as to define a plurality compartments containing stacks of multiple containers therein, said lower plate having a plurality of spaced apart openings defined radially outward from a central location on said lower plate, said columns being open at least at bottoms thereof and angularly spaced apart from one another in a circular row such that said columns are aligned with said openings of said lower plate and the container stacks in said columns at lowermost containers in the stacks rest on said central platform of said hopper except for one of the container stacks at a time that is placed at a dispensing position overlying said dispensing opening of said hopper as said carousel is rotated relative thereto about said first axis;
a plurality of ribs each being attached on said lower plate of said carousel at locations between adjacent ones of said spaced apart openings of said lower plate and extending therebelow to a lower end that extends into said circular groove defined in said top surface of said central platform of said hopper so as to allow for rotation of said carousel relative to said hopper, each of said ribs serving to prevent the occurrence of a condition of overlapping interference between portions of adjacent ones of the lowermost containers in adjacent ones of said columns that extend below said lower plate of said carousel and rest on said central platform of said hopper, said condition of overlapping interference being where a rim of one of the adjacent containers becomes lodged below or under a rim of the other of the adjacent containers, due to back and forth rotation of said carousel by users in selecting a particular column to align over said dispensing opening, so as to prevent dispensing of the upper container through the underlying dispensing opening of said hopper;
a dispensing mechanism disposed below said dispensing opening of said hopper and operable through a dispensing cycle to receive a lowermost container of the container stack of said column and deliver the lowermost container to a discharge location accessible to exterior of said housing; and
an actuation mechanism disposed adjacent to said dispensing mechanism that, in response to insertion of a prescribed monetary value into said actuation mechanism, is adapted to operate through an actuation cycle, causing said dispensing mechanism to operate through a dispensing cycle that delivers the lowermost container of the container stack to below said dispensing opening of said hopper and therefrom to an accessible discharge location.

US Pat. No. 10,339,747

CARD READER

NIDEC SANKYO CORPORATION,...

1. A card reader for use with a system comprising a host device without a wireless communication interface, and a mobile terminal, the card reader comprising:a host connecting interface structured to connect with the host device of the system; and
a wireless communication interface structured to connect with the mobile terminal;
a control unit connected to the host connecting interface and the wireless communication interface;
wherein said wireless user interface is structured to exchange information with said mobile terminal through said wireless communication interface and to exchange the information with said host device through said host connecting interface.

US Pat. No. 10,339,746

MOBILE DEVICE FOR MAKING A MOBILE PAYMENT

GoFigure Payments, LLC, ...

1. A mobile communications device used by a user for making a purchase from a first merchant, said device comprising:an internal memory in which is stored an encoded number that corresponds to said mobile communications device and is associated with a payment account of the user;
a transmitter operable to establish a communications interface between said mobile communications device and an electronic system used by the first merchant;
a receiver, wherein information indicative of a monetary amount to be paid by the user to the first merchant for the purchase from the first merchant is received by said mobile communications device via said communications interface;
a display, wherein said received information that is indicative of a monetary amount to be paid is displayed on said display of said mobile communications device;
an input device operable to receive from the user an input that indicates the user's authorization of a payment to the first merchant, using said payment account, of said monetary amount to be paid for the purchase from said first merchant,
wherein said transmitter transmits information indicative of said authorization to said electronic system used by said first merchant,
wherein said mobile communications device is further used by the user to make a payment for a purchase transaction at a point of sale terminal in a retail store of a second merchant,
a transponder operable to wirelessly transmit to said point of sale terminal said encoded number to make a payment for said purchase transaction at said retail store of said second merchant when (i) said mobile communications device is within a field generated at said point of sale terminal, (ii) said transponder has been excited in response to said generated field, and (iii) said mobile communications device has received required input by the user of said mobile communications device;
a plurality of output devices each operable to emit a corresponding output to confirm to the user of said mobile communications device that a step in said purchase transaction at said point of sale terminal in said retail store of said second merchant is complete;
wherein, after said purchase transaction at said point of sale terminal in said retail store of said second merchant is complete, said mobile communications device wirelessly receives, with said receiver, information indicative of said purchase transaction at said retail store of said second merchant that comprises a monetary amount of said payment for said purchase transaction at said point of sale terminal in said retail store of said second merchant; and
wherein a date of said purchase transaction at said second merchant, information indicative of a time of said purchase transaction at said second merchant, information indicative of a location of said purchase transaction at said second merchant, and said information indicative of a monetary amount of said payment for said purchase transaction at said point of sale terminal in said retail store of said second merchant are stored in said mobile communications device.

US Pat. No. 10,339,745

BANKNOTE STORING DEVICE AND BANKNOTE HANDLING MACHINE

GLORY LTD., Himeji-Shi, ...

1. A banknote storing device comprising:a casing; and
a plurality of banknote storing mechanisms arranged inside the casing side by side along a depth direction of the casing and each of which capable of storing banknotes sent from outside of the casing to inside thereof and feeding stored banknotes from the inside of the casing to the outside thereof, wherein
each of the banknote storing mechanisms includes:
a rotating member that rotates around an axis orthogonal to the depth direction;
a plurality of belt-shaped winding members with each first end of two ends thereof connected to the rotating member; and
a plurality of winding member accommodating units to which each second end of the two ends of the winding members is connected and that is capable of accommodating the winding members, and
each of the banknote storing mechanisms stores therein the banknotes by winding the banknotes on the rotating member together with the plurality of winding members and feeds the banknotes one by one by unwinding the plurality of winding members wound on the rotating member from the rotating member, and
at least one of the rotating members is arranged at a position at which the rotating member does not overlap with any of the winding member accommodating units when viewed in a predetermined direction orthogonal to the depth direction of the casing and also orthogonal to an axis direction of the rotating members,
a plurality of insertion inlets for sending the banknote to each of the banknote storing mechanisms from the outside of the casing are arranged on a front side of the casing in a depth direction thereof such that the plurality of insertion inlets are aligned vertically,
in at least one of the banknote storing mechanisms, the plurality of winding member accommodating units are arranged further inside in the depth direction of the casing than the rotating member to which the first end of each winding member is connected while the second end thereof is connected to the winding member accommodating units,
an outer peripheral edge of each winding member wound on the rotating member when the maximum number of the banknotes are stored in the banknote storing mechanism overlaps at least partially with at least some of the winding member accommodating units in the depth direction of the casing, and
a plurality of banknote transport mechanisms corresponding to each insertion inlet is disposed inside the casing, with each banknote transport mechanism sending the banknote from the insertion inlet to the banknote storing mechanism, an opening is arranged on a side of at least one of the banknote transport mechanisms in the casing such that the operator can see the banknote transport mechanism through the opening.

US Pat. No. 10,339,742

INPUT DEVICE, ELECTRONIC LOCK INCLUDING THE SAME, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE ELECTRONIC LOCK

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An input apparatus comprising:a touch pad including a transmissive material;
a touch detector disposed at a rear portion of the touch pad;
a printed circuit board connected to the touch detector;
a plurality of input elements disposed on a back surface of the touch detector, each input element having at least two symbols that are formed in overlap with each other and in mutually different colors; and
a plurality of light emitting devices respectively emitting light to the input elements.

US Pat. No. 10,339,740

ACCELERATION AND GRAVITY DATA BASED SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CLASSIFYING PLACEMENT OF A MOBILE NETWORK DEVICE ON A PERSON

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A system comprising:a data module configured to receive at least one of acceleration data and gravity data from an accelerometer in a mobile network device, wherein the acceleration data and the gravity data are indicative of accelerations experienced by the mobile network device;
a classification module configured to
classify a location where the mobile network device is on a person based on the at least one of the acceleration data and the gravity data and generate a location classification output indicating where on the person the mobile network device is located relative to a first bodily feature of the person,
by determining whether the mobile network device is within one of a pocket, a backpack, a clothing article, and a waste pack;
wherein when the mobile network device is determined to be in a pocket, further determining whether the pocket is a front pocket, a front pant pocket; a back pant pocket or a front shirt pocket; and
classify the location as being at least one of the front pocket, the backpack, the clothing article, the waste pack, the front pant pocket, the back pant pocket or the front shirt pocket; and
a control module configured to perform an operation based on the location classification output.

US Pat. No. 10,339,738

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF ACCESS CONTROL IN SECURITY SYSTEMS WITH AUGMENTED REALITY

ADEMCO INC., Golden Vall...

9. A user device comprising:an imaging device;
a database device;
a display device; and
a programmable processor,
wherein the imaging device captures a static image of an exterior of a secured area,
wherein the display device displays the static image,
wherein the programmable processor determines whether the static image includes a predetermined portion of the exterior of the secured area,
wherein the predetermined portion of the exterior of the secured area corresponds to a location within the static image where at least one computer generated image of at least one artifact associated with the static image is to be displayed,
wherein, when the static image includes the predetermined portion of the exterior of the secured area, the programmable processor identifies the at least one artifact associated with the static image from the database device,
wherein the programmable processor identifies a current distance of the user device from the secured area, retrieves a predetermined distance from the database of the user device, and determines whether the current distance of the user device from the secured area is less than or equal to the predetermined distance by comparing the current distance to the predetermined distance, and
wherein, responsive to the current distance of the user device from the secured area being less than or equal to the predetermined distance and the static image including the predetermined portion of the exterior of the secured area, the programmable processor superimposes the at least one computer generated image of the at least one artifact at the location within the static image as displayed on the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,339,737

AUTOMATED ATTENDEE MONITORING AND GUIDANCE SYSTEM

Carrier Corporation, Pal...

1. A method for monitoring a location of a group of individuals comprising:receiving a first signal at a server, the first signal including an individual identification (ID) corresponding to a specific individual, and at least one beacon ID corresponding to a unique beacon from a set of beacons;
cross-checking the individual ID and the at least one beacon ID with an allowed individuals list, and unlocking an automated lock on an entry-way corresponding to a unique beacon ID in the at least one beacon ID in response to the unique beacon ID corresponding to an entry-way beacon at a room which the individual ID is authorized to access, wherein the automated lock is part of a campus security system in communication with the server; and
cross-checking the individual ID and the at least one beacon ID with an attendance list, and updating an attendance monitoring file on said server in response to the unique beacon ID in the at least one beacon ID corresponding to an interior room beacon.

US Pat. No. 10,339,734

INTERNET-CONNECTED GARAGE DOOR CONTROL SYSTEM

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. An in-vehicle remote garage door opener for receiving signals through the internet from a garage door opener, the remote garage door opener comprising:an RF receiver for receiving an RF signal during a training mode;
an RF transmitter for transmitting an RF signal to the garage door opener in an operating mode;
an interface configured to communicate with an internet-connected mobile device that is mobile relative to the vehicle; and
a controller coupled to:
said interface; and
at least one of the trainable RF receiver and the trainable RF transmitter;
wherein said controller is configured to receive signals via the mobile device and said interface that are sent through the internet from the garage door opener that indicates an open or closed status of a garage door.

US Pat. No. 10,339,731

IN-VEHICLE UNIT AND IN-VEHICLE UNIT DIAGNOSIS SYSTEM

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An in-vehicle unit that is mounted on each of a plurality of host vehicles including a subject vehicle and at least one nearby vehicle near the subject vehicle, the in-vehicle unit being used in a system to perform inter-vehicle communication,the in-vehicle unit in each host vehicle, comprising:
a wireless communicator that transmits and receives information using inter-vehicle communication;
a system information acquisition section that acquires information indicating a state of a control system to control operation of the in-vehicle unit in each host vehicle; and
an index data generation section that generates an index data-item including an index value indicating a state of the control system based on the information acquired by the system information acquisition section, the generated index data-item being transmitted via the wireless communicator,
wherein a subject in-vehicle unit being the in-vehicle unit used in the subject vehicle further includes:
a communication processing section that acquires, via the wireless communicator, an index data-item transmitted from at least one nearby in-vehicle unit being the in-vehicle unit used in the at least one nearby vehicle;
a determination criterion specification section that successively specifies a self-unit determination criterion being a determination criterion to determine whether the control system in the subject in-vehicle unit operates normally, based on the index data-item acquired by the communication processing section from the at least one nearby in-vehicle unit; and
a self-unit diagnosis test section that determines whether the control system in the subject in-vehicle unit operates normally by comparing the self-unit determination criterion specified by the determination criterion specification section with the index data-item in the subject in-vehicle unit.

US Pat. No. 10,339,728

DETECTING MOTOR VEHICLE DAMAGE

United Services Automobil...

1. A system for detecting damage, comprising:a sensor in visual communication with a motor vehicle, wherein the sensor is configured to detect damage to a component of the motor vehicle, wherein the damage to the component is detected by determining a change in distance between two or more focal points of the motor vehicle; and
a network interface configured to transmit an indication of the damage.

US Pat. No. 10,339,719

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROJECTED TOOL TRAJECTORIES FOR SURGICAL NAVIGATION SYSTEMS

SYNAPTIVE MEDICAL (BARBAD...

1. A method for communicating a distance of a surgical instrument from an object in a surgical area of interest, comprising:determining a relative position and orientation between at least one non-contact distance acquiring device, having a known relative position and orientation, and a the surgical instrument, thereby providing a determined relative position and orientation between the at least one non-contact distance acquiring device and the surgical instrument;
acquiring a first distance, between said at least one non-contact distance acquiring device, having the known relative position and orientation, and the object in the surgical area of interest;
computing, using the determined relative position and orientation between the at least one non-contact distance acquiring device and the surgical instrument and the first distance, a second distance between the surgical instrument and the object;
communicating the second distance; and
overlaying onto the image feed a projected trajectory of the surgical instrument on a visual display.