US Pat. No. 10,168,150

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR AUTO-LEVELING STEERING WHEEL

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A system for auto-leveling a steering wheel, the system comprising:an angle sensor configured to sense an inclination of the steering wheel;
a controller configured to control a driving of a motor driven power steering (MDPS);
a communication unit configured to wirelessly transmit an angle measured by the angle sensor to the controller;
a body on which the angle sensor and the communication unit are installed; and
a fixer configured to fix the body to the steering wheel, the fixer including a hook disposed on a center of the body and hooked on an inner circumference surface of the steering wheel,
wherein the controller is further configured to:
i) a calculate an adjustment amount of the steering wheel based on the angle measured by the angle sensor,
ii) drive the MDPS until the steering wheel is aligned at a normal position,
iii) recognize that the steering is aligned at the normal position when the angle measured by the angle sensor is approximately zero degrees, and
iv) lock the MDPS by transmitting a normal position control signal to the MDPS.

US Pat. No. 10,168,149

FORAGE BIOMASS ESTIMATION DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS

NOBLE RESEARCH INSTITUTE,...

1. A system for estimating forage growth at an area of interest, comprising:a mobile support;
a laser sensor supported by the mobile support and configured to sense a first time-of-flight corresponding to the forage growth at the area of interest to generate laser forage data corresponding to the forage growth, the laser sensor disposed in a first plane;
an ultrasonic sensor supported by the mobile support and positionally associated with the laser sensor, the ultrasonic sensor being configured to sense a second time-of-flight corresponding to the forage growth at the area of interest to generate ultrasonic forage data corresponding to the forage growth, the ultrasonic sensor disposed in a second plane, the second plane configured to be positioned independent of the first plane; and
a processing unit configured to:
receive the laser forage data from the laser sensor and the ultrasonic forage data from the ultrasonic sensor; and
determine a measured forage growth value as a growth function of the laser forage data and the ultrasonic forage data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,148

DISPLAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD FOR RECOGNIZING POSITION MARK

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A display substrate, comprising:a substrate, and a first pattern and a second pattern formed on a first side of the substrate;
wherein the second pattern is disposed between the first pattern and the substrate, and the first pattern comprises at least one first through hole directly facing the second pattern; and
wherein the first pattern and the second pattern are formed of materials having different reflectances, and the first through hole serves as a positioning mark on a first side of the substrate for positioning the first side of the substrate;
the second pattern comprises a second through hole directly facing the first pattern;
a forward projection of the second through-hole on the first side of the substrate is shifted from a forward projection of the first through-hole on the first side of the substrate;
the second through hole serves as a positioning mark on a second side of the substrate for positioning the second side of the substrate; and
the second side is a side opposite to the first side on the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,146

MEASURING SHAPE OF SPECULAR OBJECTS BY LOCAL PROJECTION OF CODED PATTERNS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A method for determining multiple binary patterns for use in measuring shape of a specular object positioned within a bounding volume by illuminating the object with an illumination field generated by two or more spaced apart liquid crystal layers with largely overlapping fields of view, wherein each liquid crystal layer is controlled to display the multiple binary patterns, the method comprising:choosing multiple starting binary patterns for the liquid crystal layers for which patterns have not yet been determined;
deriving a multidimensional binary code vector in a multidimensional binary code vector space for each polarized light ray passing through the two or more liquid crystal layers and reaching the bounding volume using a logical XOR combination of values;
finding a multidimensional binary code vector for projection in the multidimensional binary code vector space;
determining a projection transformation along the multidimensional binary code vector for projection; and
applying the projection transformation to the multiple starting binary patterns to obtain multiple relatively more optimized binary patterns for the liquid crystal layers.

US Pat. No. 10,168,145

THREE DIMENSIONAL SHAPE MEASUREMENT APPARATUS, CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A three-dimensional shape measurement apparatus comprising:a processor configured to execute instructions which cause the three-dimensional shape measurement apparatus to function as units comprising:
(1) a projection unit configured to project a stripe pattern including a light portion and a dark portion to a measurement area;
(2) a photographing unit configured to photograph a target object in the measurement area while the stripe pattern is projected by the projection unit, wherein the photographing unit has a single image sensing element and a single focus position;
(3) a detection unit configured to detect an edge position representing a boundary between a light portion and a dark portion based on an image photographed by the photographing unit; and
(4) a measurement unit configured to measure a three-dimensional shape of the target object based on the edge position detected by the detection unit,
wherein a focus position of the photographing unit is set farther than a position which is determined as being closest to an axis going through a center of a projection range of the projection unit, among a plurality of positions on an axis going through a center of a photographing range of the photographing unit, when observed from the photographing unit.

US Pat. No. 10,168,144

OPTICAL APPARATUS FOR 3D DATA COLLECTION

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An optical apparatus for collection of three dimensional information of an object, comprising:a first mirror configured to reflect a first light beam of a first wavelength range based on light reflected from the object;
a second mirror configured to reflect a second light beam of a second wavelength range based on the light reflected from the object;
an optical detector configured to detect the first light beam and the second light beam; and
a memory configured to store the detected first light beam and the detected second light beam,
wherein the first light beam, subsequent to the reflection from the first mirror, passes through the second mirror to the optical detector.

US Pat. No. 10,168,143

STRAIN MONITORING OF MRAM ARRAYS

International Business Ma...

1. A system for determining strain in a magnetoresistive random access memory (MRAM) structure, the system comprising:an array of magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) devices with a plurality of bit lines; and
a monochromatic light source directed on a portion of the plurality of bit lines to produce a diffraction pattern;
wherein the diffraction pattern provided by the plurality of bit lines is used to determine changes in interference fringe spacing correlating to changes in local strain.

US Pat. No. 10,168,142

OPTICAL CHARACTERISTIC MEASURING APPARATUS AND OPTICAL CHARACTERISTIC MEASURING METHOD

OTSUKA ELECTRONICS CO., L...

1. An optical characteristic measuring apparatus comprising:an optical system, having an optical axis and a focus position on the optical axis, configured to collect detection light incident from a sample;
a detector configured to spectrally disperse the detection light in plural times to generate plural pieces of detection data, the plural pieces of detection data indicating their respective spectra of detection light incident from the sample to the optical system with an optical distance between the sample and the optical system being along the optical axis, wherein each optical distance is different from each other in a scanning range in which the sample passes through the focus position of the optical system; and
a processor configured to analyze the spectrum indicated by the detection data to measure a predetermined optical characteristic of the sample,
wherein the processor
specifies a piece of the detection data for measuring the optical characteristic of the sample based on intensity of the detection light in the plural pieces of detection data each having different optical distances in the scanning range in which the sample passes through the focus position along the optical axis, and
measures the optical characteristic based on the specified piece of the detection data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,141

METHOD FOR IDENTIFYING AIR POLLUTION SOURCES BASED ON AEROSOL RETRIEVAL AND GLOWWORM SWARM ALGORITHM

1. A method for identifying air pollution sources based on aerosol retrieval and a glowworm swarm algorithm, comprising steps of:S1: acquiring a satellite remote sensing image and a digital map of a corresponding region;
S2: acquiring a wind direction and a wind speed of the corresponding region of the satellite remote sensing image, to obtain a wind speed vector speedwind;
S3: retrieving (Aerosol Optical Depth) AOD values from the satellite remote sensing image, to obtain an AOD result image;
S4: gridding the AOD result image into M×N image blocks, calculating an average AOD value of pixels included in each image block; gridding the digital map of the corresponding region into M×N image blocks, obtaining coordinates Ek of an image block corresponding to an enterprise k based on enterprise coordinates, where k=1, 2, . . . , K, and K represents the number of enterprises;
S5: tracing pollutant sources using a method based on (Glowworm Swarm Optimization) GSO, which comprises steps of:
S5(1): setting an initial luciferin level Li(0) of each glowworm to be the same, taking coordinates of each pixel block as an initial location xi(0) of the glowworm, taking an average AOD value corresponding to the pixel blocks as an attribute value Ai of the glowworm, and setting an initial value rdi(0) of a neighborhood of each glowworm, i=1, 2, . . . , Q, Q=M×N;
S5(2): setting an iteration number t=1;
S5(3): calculating a luciferin level of a glowworm of a t-th generation according to the following equation:
Li(t)=(1??)Li(t?1)+?F(xi(t))
where t is the iteration number, i is an index of the glowworm, Li(t) is a luciferin level of a glowworm i of the t-th generation, Li(t?1) is a luciferin level of the glowworm i of a (t?1)-th generation, ? is a luciferin decay constant, ??(0,1), ? is a luciferin enhancement constant, F(xi(t)) is an objective function value of the glowworm i at a current location xi(t), and the objective function is calculated according to the following equation:

where dik(t) is a distance between the glowworm i at the current location xi(t) and the coordinates Ek of the enterprise k;
S5(4): for each glowworm i, respectively calculating a moving probability pij(t) to another glowworm j in a neighborhood Ni(t) thereof; selecting the glowworm j, to which the glowworm i is to move for this time, using a roulette rule, and marking with an index j?, and then updating the location of the glowworm i according to the following equation:

where xj?(t) is a location of the glowworm j? of the t-th generation, S is a moving step size, and ? ? represents solving an Euclidean norm;
?attribute is a glowworm similarity correction factor calculated as follows: firstly in a neighborhood Ni(t) of the glowworm i, a glowworm j* with a closest attribute value Ai to the glowworm i is searched and then ?attribute is calculated:

where sa is a predetermined step size, xj*(t) is a location of the glowworm j* of the t-th generation;
?wind is a wind speed and wind direction correction factor, and calculated as: ?wind=sw·speedwind, where sw is a scaling factor;
S5(5): in condition that the iteration number t=T, T being a maximum predetermined iteration number of times, taking a current location of each glowworm as a source location Xi0 thereof, and terminating the iteration; otherwise proceeding to step S5(6);
S5(6): updating a neighborhood radius rdi(t+1) of each glowworm, then letting t=t+1, and returning to step S5(3);
S6: obtaining a radius Rk of a pollution coverage area of the enterprise according to the coordinates Ek of the image block corresponding to the enterprise;
S7: according to the radius Rk of the pollution coverage area and the source location xi0 of each glowworm, taking the enterprise k as an enterprise producing pollutants corresponding to the glowworms in the pollution coverage area thereof, calculating an AOD corresponding to the glowworms in the pollution coverage area thereof;
identifying the enterprise k as a pollution source;
determining a pollution index of the enterprise k, wherein the pollution index represents a pollution level of the enterprise k; and
using the determined pollution index to evaluate a pollution situation of the enterprise k.

US Pat. No. 10,168,140

LIGHT DETECTION MODULE FOR OCT DEVICE AND OCT DEVICE

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A light detecting module for an OCT instrument, the light detecting module being configured to detect interference light that has exited an exit end surface of an optical fiber in an OCT instrument, the light detecting module comprising:an optical lens including an incident surface entered by the interference light that has exited the exit end surface, and an exit surface exited by the interference light that has entered the incident surface; and
a photodetector including a detecting surface entered by the interference light that has exited the exit surface, wherein
the incident surface is disposed in such a manner that the interference light obliquely enters with respect to a perpendicular line at an incident position of the interference light,
the exit surface is disposed in such a manner that the interference light obliquely exits with respect to a perpendicular line at an exit position of the interference light, and
the detecting surface is disposed in such a manner that the interference light obliquely enters with respect to a perpendicular line at an incident position of the interference light.

US Pat. No. 10,168,139

PARAMETER MEASUREMENT OF PHASE OBJECTS USING TOMOGRAPHIC IMAGING

Interfiber Analysis, LLC,...

1. An apparatus, comprising:at least one processor coupled to at least one memory, the at least one processor coupled to the at least one memory being programmed to:
process optical spectra comprising optical measurements of at least one portion of an illuminated object at a plurality of focal positions between the object and an imaging lens and at a plurality of angular orientations to be relative to a substantially transverse directional path of light to illuminate the object, wherein the optical measurements are to result from transmission of one or more optical signals along the substantially transverse directional path;
rotate, in a plane representations of the processed optical measurements; and
project the rotated representations of the processed optical measurements onto a coordinate plane in a manner so that in-focus and out-of-focus rotated representations of the processed optical measurements are to form a cross-sectional image of the at least one portion.

US Pat. No. 10,168,135

DEVICE FOR MEASURING CONTAINER AND METHOD USING THE SAME

1. A device for measuring thickness of bottom of an object, comprising:an elongated guide plate adapted to be transversely mounted on an open top of a container; the elongated guide plate defined two through receiving holes thereon, the two through receiving holes being spaced apart from each other and located along a lengthwise direction of the elongated guide plate, each of the two holes including a guide portion corresponding thereto;
at least one elongated ruler adapted to be extended through one receiving hole and inserted into an interior of the container from the open top of the container, an end face of a distal end of the at least one elongated ruler adapted to contact an inner end of the interior, a mediate section of the at least one elongated ruler contacting the guide portion of the elongated guide plate so that the guide portion points a first position of the mediate section to obtain a first index, and
the at least one elongated ruler is adapted to move to an exterior of the container and to extend through another one receiving hole, the end face of the distal end of the at least one elongated ruler adapted to contact a surface which is located on a common surface with an underside of the exterior of the container, the mediate section of the at least one elongated ruler contacts the guide portion of the elongated guide plate so that the guide portion points a second position of the mediate section to obtain a second index, a difference between the first and second indexes is a thickness of a bottom of the container.

US Pat. No. 10,168,134

PORTABLE COORDINATE MEASUREMENT MACHINE HAVING A HANDLE THAT INCLUDES ELECTRONICS

FARO TECHNOLOGIES, INC., ...

1. A portable articulated arm coordinate measurement machine, comprising:a manually positionable articulated arm having opposed first and second ends, the articulated arm including a plurality of connected arm segments, each of the plurality of connected arm segments including at least one position transducer for producing a plurality of position signals, at least one of the plurality of position signals passing between two of the plurality of connected arm segments through a first slip ring assembly;
a first electronic circuit that receives the plurality of position signals;
a base section connected to the second end; and
a probe assembly including a probe end and a cover, the cover being coupled to rotate about an axis extending through the probe assembly, the cover having at least one indentation formed thereon;
wherein the probe assembly is connected to the first end; and
wherein the articulated arm coordinate measurement machine is configured to measure a three-dimensional coordinate of a point in space associated with the probe end.

US Pat. No. 10,168,133

CHECKING GAUGE HAVING INTEGRATED FEATURES AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

1. A method of making a gauge for checking a tolerance of a manufactured tube having at least one bend therein, comprising:forming at least a first gauge block by successively laying down a material in layers using an additive manufacturing machine, including forming a radiused tube channel having a predefined tolerance boundary for the tube.

US Pat. No. 10,168,130

HUNTING ARROWHEAD ASSEMBLY

1. A hunting arrowhead assembly for attachment to an arrow shank, comprising:a shaft body extending along a main axis in a longitudinal direction, and including
a forward segment having a front end surface, and defining therein a front axial hole which extends from said front end surface along the main axis, and which has an inner peripheral surface,
a rearward segment configured to be removably secured to the arrow shaft, and
a middle segment which is disposed between said forward and rearward segments, and which defines therein a middle axial hole extending along the main axis to communicate with said front axial hole;
at least one guiding slot which is formed in an outer peripheral surface of said middle segment proximate to said forward segment, and which extends in a radial direction relative to the main axis to be spatial communication with said middle axial hole, said guiding slot extending in the longitudinal direction to terminate at a front limit and a rear limit;
a pair of access slots which are formed in said outer peripheral surface of said middle segment, and which extend in a diametrical direction transverse to the radial direction to be spatial communication with said middle axial hole, each of said access slots extending in the longitudinal direction to terminate at a proximate end and a distal end relative to said forward segment;
a pin member which defines a pin axis and which is disposed in said middle axis hole, said pin member having two pin end regions one of which extends outwardly of said guiding slot so as to permit said pin member to be shifted along said guiding slot, said pin member being movable between a front position, where said pin member is adjacent to said front limit, and a rear position, where said pin member is adjacent to said rear limit;
a pair of piercing members each having
a pivot end which is disposed in said middle axial hole and which is pivotally mounted to said pin member about the pin axis,
a piercing body extending radially from said pivot end along a lengthwise line which defines an included angle together with the main axis, and
a piercing free end opposite to said pivot end along the lengthwise line,
each of said piercing members being angularly displaceable about the pin axis
such that when said pin member is in the rear position, said piercing free end is disposed outwardly of a corresponding one of said access slots, and said included angle is changeable between a smaller angle, where said piercing free end is close to said middle segment, and a larger angle, where said piercing free end is remote from said middle segment, and
such that when said pin member is in the front position, said piercing free end is retractable in the corresponding one of said access slots, and the included angle is a smallest angle;
a penetrating member including a head portion with a tip end, and a tail portion with an abutment end opposite to said tip end along the main axis, said tail portion being configured to be insertable through said front axial hole into said middle axial hole; and
a cam mechanism disposed between said penetrating member and said forward segment to translate rotational movement of said head portion relative to said shaft body into translational movement of said tail portion relative to said shaft body to permit said abutment end to be moved from a stop position, where said abutment end is in said middle axial hole for abutting against said pivot ends of said piercing members to thereby retain said pin member in the rear position, to a release position, where said abutment end is moved away from said middle axial hole to permit said pin member to be displaced to the front position.

US Pat. No. 10,168,126

ROLLER

PEARSON ENGINEERING LIMIT...

1. A roller gang for mine clearance, the roller gang comprising:a frame;
at least three fixed wheels, wherein the fixed wheels are directly attached to the frame, the fixed wheels being fixed relative to the frame;
a plurality of pivoting arms, wherein each of the pivoting arms is attached to the frame; and
a plurality of remaining wheels, wherein the remaining wheels are respectively attached to the plurality of pivoting arms, the remaining wheels being movable relative to the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,168,125

SPRAYABLE COMPOSITION FOR DETERRING INTRUDERS

CROTEGA, LLC, Crystal, M...

1. A composition comprising:propionic acid;
ammonia; and
water,
a content of water in the composition being at least approximately 60% by weight, and
a content of propionic acid in the composition being at least approximately 17.5% by weight.

US Pat. No. 10,168,124

TRAJECTORY PREDICTION SYSTEM

ASIA OPTICAL INTERNATIONA...

1. A trajectory prediction system for predicting a point of impact of an object shot from a ballistic device, the trajectory prediction system comprising:an objective lens;
an eyepiece lens;
an image sensor, optically coupled with the objective lens;
a processor; and
a display, electrically connected to the processor and the image sensor, wherein the image sensor, the processor and the display are disposed between the objective lens and the eyepiece lens, wherein when an external light reaches the image sensor through the objective lens, the image sensor transmits a first signal to the display, the display shows an image according to the first signal, wherein the processor calculates the trajectory of the object and transmits a second signal to the display, and the display simultaneously displays the image and displays a dot representing at least one predictive point of impact according to the first and second signals.

US Pat. No. 10,168,123

FIREARM SYSTEM THAT TRACKS POINTS OF AIM OF A FIREARM

1. A method executed by a firearm system, comprising:determining, with electronics in a handgun, events that include tracking a continuous path between different points of aim of the handgun as the handgun moves between the different points of aim while at a location, determining a compass direction of the different points of aim, and determining a duration of time that the handgun is pointed at the compass direction;
wirelessly transmitting, from the handgun and to a remote computer, event data that includes the continuous path between the different points of aim of the handgun as the handgun moves between the different points of aim while at the location, the compass direction of the different points of aim, and the duration of time that the handgun is pointed at the compass direction;
reconstructing, at the remote computer and from the event data, the events that include the continuous path between the different points of aim of the handgun as the handgun moves between the different points of aim while at the location, the compass direction of the different points of aim, and the duration of time that the handgun is pointed at the compass direction; and
displaying, at the remote computer, a reconstruction of the events that includes showing an image of the location, an image of the handgun, the continuous path between the different points of aim of the handgun on the image of the location, the compass direction of the different points of aim, and the duration of time that the handgun is pointed at the compass direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,122

CONCEALED CARRY HOLSTER

1. A concealed carry holster system, comprising:a pair of bib overalls, comprising:
a trouser portion;
a bib fixedly coupled to a front, top edge of the trouser portion, a top edge of the bib defining a first axis; and
a plurality of straps, each of the plurality of straps comprising:
a first end fixedly coupled to a rear, top edge of the trouser portion, and
a second end removably coupled to the bib to support the pair of bib overalls on shoulders of an individual;
a plurality of first fasteners fixedly coupled to an inside surface of the bib; and
a holster removably coupled to the inside surface of the bib, the holster comprising:
a first panel;
a second panel fixedly attached to the first panel so as to define a receptacle for receiving a firearm, and so as to define an opening for accessing the receptacle, the opening defining a firearm insertion axis; and
a plurality of second fasteners fixedly coupled to at least one of the first and second panels, the plurality of first fasteners engaged to the plurality of second fasteners so as to removably couple the holster to the bib, the plurality of second fasteners positioned so that the firearm insertion axis extends in a downward direction from the opening relative to the first axis.

US Pat. No. 10,168,121

INSIDE WAISTBAND CONCEALED CARRIER

Turning Point Distributio...

10. A concealable, internal pocket comprising:a front panel formed from a pliable material, the front panel comprising a folded over tongue extension extending from the top of the front panel, the tongue extension being attached to a waistband connector that holds a top side of the front panel at a waistline of a user's pants; and
a back panel attached to the front panel along a bottom side of the back panel and the front panel and along lower sides of the back panel and the front panel, the front panel and the back panel defining a pouch in which an object may in stored, a top portion of the front panel being unattached to the back panel;
the back panel further comprising a flap configured to extend over the front panel and to releasably connect directly to the waistband connector in a stored condition;
the flap being configured to be pulled upward such that the top portion of the front panel peels away from the back panel and up from the tongue extension in an exposed position.

US Pat. No. 10,168,118

BARREL CLAMP

1. A barrel clamp comprising:a. a base plate;
b. a central support structure defining an axis; and
c. a muzzle housing positioned on an extreme end of the support structure opposite the base plate, said muzzle housing further comprising a wall with a plurality of vanes, each with at least one associated vent, each said vent positioned to direct airflow into a central chamber of the muzzle housing when the barrel clamp is rotated about the axis,
wherein the base plate and said muzzle housing each have a plurality of orifices such that there is an equal number of said orifices on the base plate and on the muzzle housing, each said orifice on the muzzle housing being paired to an opposed said orifice on the base plate so that barrels may be inserted therethrough, with each said orifice on said muzzle housing opening inside the central chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,117

FIBER WINDING SYSTEM FOR COMPOSITE PROJECTILE BARREL STRUCTURE

1. A barrel for directing the path of a dischargeable projectile, comprising:an inner liner defining an axial bore, the inner liner having a coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) along the axial bore; and
an outer shell surrounding and in direct contact with the inner liner, the outer shell fabricated from continuous fiber in a matrix creating a continuous fiber composite (CFC) and having an average effective CTE in the axial direction, wherein the average effective axial CTE of the outer shell approximately matches the axial CTE of the inner liner.

US Pat. No. 10,168,116

SELF-RELEASING MAGAZINE AND FOLLOWER ASSEMBLY THEREOF FOR FIREARMS

Strike Industries, Inc., ...

1. A magazine follower assembly implementable in a magazine of a firearm, comprising:a casing; and
a self-releasing actuator received in the casing,
wherein, when in use, the magazine follower assembly generally moves along a first axis with respect to the casing between a first position in the magazine when the magazine is fully loaded and a second position in the magazine when the magazine contains no ammunition cartridge, and
wherein, when the magazine follower assembly is at the second position in the magazine, the self-releasing actuator is configured to actuate a magazine release mechanism of the firearm to disengage the magazine from the firearm so that the magazine is detachable from the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,168,082

TANDEM COMPRESSOR SLIDE RAIL

LENNOX INDUSTRIES INC., ...

1. An HVAC system comprising:a slide rail mounted to the HVAC system with a first plurality of attachments, the slide rail comprising two raised portions on lateral edges of the slide rail;
a plurality of compressors fluidly coupled to at least one other component within the HVAC system; and
a slide plate, the slide plate comprising a second plurality of attachments to the plurality of compressors and comprising a slidable attachment to the slide rail, the slide plate comprising two flanges on lateral edges of the slide plate, the two flanges configured to fit outside of the two raised portions, the slide plate further comprising a locking attachment operable to lock the slide plate in position with respect to the slide rail.

US Pat. No. 10,168,081

ADSORPTION HEAT PUMP SYSTEM AND COOLING GENERATION METHOD

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOYOTA C...

8. A cooling generation method, using: (i) an evaporator that evaporates an adsorbate; (ii) a plurality of first adsorption devices that adsorb the adsorbate of the evaporator, the plurality of first adsorption devices having a parallel connection that connects the plurality of first adsorption devices in parallel; (ii) a condenser connected to the plurality of first adsorption devices via the parallel connection; and (iii) a second adsorption device that adsorbs the adsorbate adsorbed by the first adsorption device, the cooling generation method comprising:adsorbing the adsorbate of the evaporator by the first adsorption device and cooling the evaporator, and
adsorbing the evaporated adsorbate of the first adsorption device by the second adsorption device through the condenser and cooling the first adsorption device, wherein:
the first adsorption device and the second adsorption device each contain a different type of adsorbent, and
the adsorbent of the second adsorption device desorbs the adsorbate with heat at a higher regeneration temperature than the adsorbent of the first adsorption device, and
when an adsorption capacity of the second adsorption device is greater than an overall adsorption capacity of the plurality of first adsorption devices, the plurality of first adsorption devices are configured to adsorb the desorbed adsorbate alternatively or in sequence.

US Pat. No. 10,168,067

DETECTING AND HANDLING A BLOCKED CONDITION IN THE COIL

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A controller for a heating, ventilating, and cooling (HVAC) system, comprising:an interface configured to receive feedback data from a fan of the HVAC system;
a memory operable to store a fan model and a plurality of thresholds; and
a processor communicatively coupled to the memory and the interface, the processor operable to:
determine a virtual sensor measurement based at least in part upon the feedback data from the fan and the fan model, the virtual sensor measurement indicating the static pressure across a coil of the HVAC system;
determine that the virtual sensor measurement is greater than at least one of a group consisting of a frost threshold and a fouling threshold;
in response to determining that the virtual sensor measurement is greater than at least one of a group consisting of the frost threshold and the fouling threshold, determine a blocked condition on the coil;
determine that the virtual sensor measurement is greater than the frost threshold;
determine that an outdoor temperature is less than a freezing threshold;
determine that the HVAC system is running a heating mode;
in response to determining that the virtual sensor measurement is greater than the frost threshold and that the outdoor temperature is less than the freezing threshold and that the HVAC system is running in a heating mode, determine that the blocked condition on the coil is a frosted coil; and
in response to determining that the blocked condition on the coil is the frosted coil, instruct the HVAC system to initiate a defrost cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,066

AIR CONDITIONER WITH OUTDOOR FAN CONTROL IN ACCORDANCE WITH SUCTION PRESSURE AND SUCTION SUPERHEATING DEGREE OF A COMPRESSOR

FUJITSU GENERAL LIMITED, ...

1. An air conditioner comprisingan indoor unit and an outdoor unit that are coupled by a liquid pipe and a gas pipe,
the outdoor unit having a compressor, a flow passage switching unit, an outdoor heat exchanger, an outdoor expansion valve, an outdoor fan, a suction pressure detector, a suction temperature detector, and an outdoor unit controller,
the suction pressure detector detecting suction pressure that is pressure of a refrigerant suctioned into the compressor,
the suction temperature detector detecting a suction temperature that is a temperature of the refrigerant suctioned into the compressor, and
the outdoor unit controller controlling the outdoor fan in accordance with the detected suction pressure when the outdoor heat exchanger functions as an evaporator, wherein
the outdoor unit controller calculates a suction superheating degree that is a superheating degree of the refrigerant suctioned into the compressor by using the detected suction pressure and the detected suction temperature,
when the suction superheating degree is equal to or less than a predetermined threshold superheating degree, the outdoor unit controller controls the outdoor fan such that the suction pressure becomes equal to or more than a first threshold pressure and lower than a second threshold pressure, the first threshold pressure being higher by a predetermined value than an evaporation pressure corresponding to a predetermined frosting temperature of the outdoor heat exchanger, the second threshold pressure being higher than the first threshold pressure, and
the outdoor unit controller controls the outdoor fan such that the suction superheating degree becomes equal to or less than the threshold superheating degree when the suction superheating degree is higher than the threshold superheating degree and the suction pressure is lower than the second threshold pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,168,065

DIAGNOSING AND TROUBLESHOOTING A HEATING, VENTILATION, AND AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A system for troubleshooting a heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system, comprising:a control unit communicatively coupled to a first plurality of HVAC units and a first interactive display; the control unit operable to:
connect to a Wi-Fi network, the Wi-Fi network generated by a wireless access point connected to an Internet;
detect and connect to a control server over the Internet using the Wi-Fi network; and
detect a local user device over the Wi-Fi network, the local user device operable to control the plurality HVAC units by communicating with the control unit over the Wi-Fi network;
a mobile troubleshooting device, the mobile troubleshooting device operable to communicate with the control unit over an HVAC network using a Wi-Fi direct protocol, wherein the HVAC network is separate from the Wi-Fi network and the mobile troubleshooting device accesses the HVAC network without accessing the Wi-Fi network;
a remote troubleshooting device, the remote troubleshooting device operable to communicate with the control unit over a control connection established between the control server and the control unit, wherein at least one of the mobile troubleshooting device and the remote troubleshooting device are operable to diagnose an operational issue in the control unit; and
wherein in response to a failure in the wireless access point, the remote troubleshooting device is operable to communicate with the control unit through the mobile troubleshooting device, the mobile troubleshooting device acting as a bridge between the control unit and the remote troubleshooting device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,013

LIGHT MODULE OF LASER HEADLAMP WITH LIGHT CIRCULATION EFFECT

Tan De Tech Co., Ltd., D...

1. A light module of a laser headlamp, comprising at least a laser emitter, a light circulating device, a liquid crystal panel, and a projection lens in sequence, whereinthe laser emitter produces laser rays with a wavelength in a predetermined range;
the light circulating device includes a first polarizer, a first reflector, a wavelength converting layer, a second reflector, and a second polarizer in sequence from an end proximal to the laser emitter to an end proximal to the liquid crystal panel, wherein
the first reflector lets the laser rays with a first polarization pass;
the first reflector reflects the laser rays from the first polarizer to the wavelength converting layer, and reflect the laser rays from the wavelength converting layer to the first polarizer;
the wavelength converting layer converts the laser rays into white laser rays;
the second reflector reflects the white laser rays from the wavelength converting layer to the second polarizer, and reflect the white laser rays from the second polarizer to the wavelength converting layer; and
the second reflector lets the white laser rays with a second polarization pass;
the liquid crystal panel lets the white laser rays from the light circulating device pass, and generates projection rays with a predetermined image; and
the projection lens projects the projection rays with the predetermined image onto a target.

US Pat. No. 10,167,998

MECHANIZED AREA CONTROLLER

Frederick Energy Products...

1. A traffic control system, the system comprising:a first magnetic field generator, for generating a first zone magnetic field defining a first zone, mounted over an aisle, the first magnetic field generator being adapted to generate a plurality of magnetic field pulses, wherein each of the magnetic field pulses are separated by a period of time;
a first magnetic field detector affixed to a vehicle and configured to detect a strength of each of the plurality of magnetic field pulses and to generate a vehicle response signal indicative of the strength of each of the plurality of magnetic field pulses; and
a controller configured to receive the vehicle response signal, the controller further configured to determine a speed of the vehicle based on the period of time and the strength of each of the plurality of magnetic field pulses indicated by the vehicle response signal and to generate a control signal for the vehicle based on the speed of the vehicle determined by the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,167,992

DOME CAMERA MECHANISM

Avigilon Corporation, Va...

1. A gimbal pan assembly for locking an optical module of a dome camera in a pan direction, the gimbal pan assembly comprising:a yoke configured to mount the optical module, the yoke including a disk;
a gimbal base configured to:
mount the yoke; and
allow the yoke to pan rotate; and
a cam latch mounted on the gimbal base and configured to push against the disk to create friction to lock the yoke from pan rotating.

US Pat. No. 10,167,913

HIGH PERFORMANCE CARBON FIBER

GOODRICH CORPORATION, Ch...

1. A carbon/carbon brake disk comprising a carbon fiber having undergone a fiber crystal orientation (CO) improvement process and having a coefficient of friction in response to a rejected takeoff condition greater than a carbon fiber that has not undergone the fiber crystal orientation (CO) improvement process, wherein the fiber crystal orientation (CO) improvement process comprises at least one of air gap spinning or wet jet spinning, wherein the fiber CO improvement process further comprises melt spinning.

US Pat. No. 10,167,912

PLATE ASSEMBLIES INCLUDING FLOATING WEAR LININGS FOR MULTI-DISK BRAKE SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR REDUCING VIBRATION IN A MULTI-DISK BRAKE SYSTEM

GOODRICH CORPORATION, Ch...

9. A multi-disk brake system comprising:a plurality of adjacent stator-rotor pairs comprising a plurality of friction disks;
a pressure plate at a first end of the plurality of adjacent stator-rotor pairs and adjacent a front rotor thereof;
an end plate at a second end of the plurality of adjacent stator-rotor pairs and adjacent an aft rotor thereof; and
a floating plate wear liner mounted against at least one of the pressure plate or the end plate by a pair of internally-mounted wheel bearings, wherein the pair of internally-mounted wheel bearings are at a radially outer portion and a radially inner portion of the pressure plate and the floating plate wear liner.

US Pat. No. 10,167,911

ELECTRIC PARKING BRAKE

1. An electric parking brake adapted for use with a brake disk, the brake disk having a rotating axis, and opposite first and second side surfaces that are perpendicular to the rotating axis, said electric parking brake comprising:a main body unit including first and second side seats that are adapted to be located respectively at two sides of the brake disk, and that are adapted to be adjacent respectively to the first and second side surfaces, and a pair of elongate guiding members that are spaced apart from each other, and that are connected between said first and second side seats, said first side seat having a first recess that is adapted to be disposed in proximity to the first side surface, said second side seat having a second recess that is adapted to be disposed in proximity to the second side surface, said first and second recesses cooperating to form an accommodating space between said first and second side seats, said guiding members extending parallel to the rotating axis and through said accommodating space;
a lining unit including a first positioning member that is movable in said first recess along a central axis which is parallel to the rotating axis, a first lining that is secured on said first positioning member, a second positioning member that is movable in said second recess along the central axis, and a second lining that is secured on said second positioning member, said first and second linings being adapted to be adjacent respectively to the first and second side surfaces;
a braking unit including a first braking member that is movable in said first recess along the central axis, a second braking member that is movable in said second recess along the central axis, and a connecting member that has opposite side edges, and a pair of hollow sliding portions disposed respectively on said side edges, and respectively and movably sleeved on said guiding members; and
an actuating unit including a support that is fixedly connected to said connecting member, an actuator that is mounted on said support, and a driving shaft that extends along the central axis, and that is rotated by said actuator to move said first braking member relative to said main body unit, said driving shaft having a threaded portion that threadedly engages said first braking member such that, through operation of said actuator, said first lining is driven by said first braking member to move toward the first side surface in a direction to thereby move said second braking member toward the second side surface in an opposite direction, so that said first and second linings are moved toward each other to clamp the brake disk therebetween wherein said second braking member and said connecting member of said braking unit are formed as one piece;
wherein said second side seat of said main body unit further has a counterbore having a wide section that is communicated with said second recess, and a narrow section that is narrower than said wide section;
wherein said second said second braking member of said braking unit has a protruding rod; and
wherein said second braking member is movable in said counterbore along the central axis, said protruding rod being disposed fittingly and movable in said narrow section of said counterbore along the central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,167,910

METHOD FOR OPERATING A TRANSMISSION DEVICE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE, AND CORRESPONDING TRANSMISSION DEVICE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for operating a drive device for a motor vehicle, comprising:detecting an actuation of a manual transmission of a transmission device while an automatic clutch is in an at least partially opened state;
closing the automatic clutch of the transmission device of the motor vehicle on detection of the actuation before an engagement or disengagement of a driving gear at the manual transmission so that the engagement or disengagement of the driving gear is prevented; and
opening the automatic clutch a predetermined time after detecting the actuation of the manual transmission.

US Pat. No. 10,167,908

CLUTCH ACTUATOR STRUCTURE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A clutch actuator structure, comprising:a clutch actuator which controls oil pressure for engaging and disengaging a hydraulic clutch mechanism which transmits a rotational driving force of an engine,
a crankcase cover which covers a side of a crankcase of an engine,
an oil sump which reserves oil, the oil sump being formed in an inner surface of the crankcase cover, the inner surface facing the crankcase,
wherein said clutch actuator is disposed in said oil sump, and
wherein said crankcase cover further comprises
a control oil passage formed within said crankcase cover and extending from said actuator to a pressurization chamber of said hydraulic clutch mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,167,907

HYBRID VEHICLE DRIVE APPARATUS

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A hybrid vehicle drive apparatus, comprising:a prime mover having an output shaft rotatable around an axis line;
a transmission having an input shaft rotatable around the axis line;
an electric motor having a rotor of substantially cylindrical shape provided between the prime mover and the transmission to be rotatable around the axis line, and a stator arranged around the rotor;
a first clutch of multi-plate wet type arranged radially inward of the rotor and configured to connect and disconnect a first power transmission path between the output shaft of the prime mover and the electric motor;
a second clutch of multi-plate wet type arranged radially inward of the rotor and side by side with the first clutch in an axial direction of the axis line, and configured to connect and disconnect a second power transmission path between the electric motor and the input shaft of the transmission; and
a cover member having a first sidewall member and a second sidewall member each extending radially and a connection member of substantially cylindrical shape configured to connect the first sidewall member and the second sidewall member, the cover member being rotatably provided around the axial line to integrally rotate with the electric motor, the cover member forming a clutch chamber enclosing the first clutch and the second clutch by means of the first sidewall member, the second sidewall member and the connection member, the cover member being formed with an oil discharge port connecting the clutch chamber and a drain oil chamber sideward of the clutch chamber, wherein
the cover member has a first cover member and a second cover member axially disassemblable at the connection member, and each of the first cover member and the second cover member has a fitting member fitted in the axial direction to be integrally rotatable with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,167,906

CLUTCH ASSEMBLY HAVING A HYDRAULICALLY ACTUATE PISTON AND LATCHING DEVICE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A clutch assembly for a transmission, comprising:a first clutch member extending along a central axis;
a second clutch member co-axially spaced from the first clutch member, wherein the second clutch member is axially slidable in a first axial direction to engage the first clutch member and in a second axial direction to disengage from the first clutch member;
a spring biasing the second clutch member in one of the first axial direction and the second axial direction;
a piston selectively actuatable to move the second clutch member in the other of the first axial direction and the second axial direction, thereby overcoming a biasing force of the spring; and
a latching device to selectively lock the piston in at least one of a first position when the second clutch member is in the first axial direction and in a second position when the second clutch member is in the second axial direction, wherein the latching device includes a selectively retractable locking pin and the piston has an external surface defining a slot to receive the locking pin, thereby locking the piston in the first position or the second position.

US Pat. No. 10,167,905

WET DUAL MULTI-PLATE CLUTCH WITH LEVERS OUTSIDE THE WET CHAMBER

1. A multi-plate dual clutch for coupling an engine of a motor vehicle to a drive shaft of a transmission for the motor vehicle and to an auxiliary output shaft of an auxiliary power take-off of the motor vehicle, said multi-plate dual clutch comprising:a drive clutch for coupling the motor vehicle engine with a drive shaft of the multi-plate dual clutch;
an auxiliary power take-off clutch for coupling the motor vehicle engine with an auxiliary output shaft of the multi-plate dual clutch;
wherein the drive clutch and the auxiliary power take-off clutch can each be actuated separately from one another by means of a respective separate lever mechanism;
wherein the multi-plate dual clutch includes a fluid-tight wet chamber housing in which the drive clutch and the auxiliary power take-off clutch are received; and
wherein the respective lever mechanisms for the drive clutch and the auxiliary power take-off clutch are located outside the wet chamber housing.

US Pat. No. 10,167,904

ADJUSTMENT DEVICE FOR A FRICTION CLUTCH

1. An adjustment device for a friction clutch, comprising:a rotational driving device;
an adjustment spindle with an axial direction, connected to the driving device in a torsionally fixed fashion;
a spindle nut movable in the axial direction by rotation of the adjustment spindle;
an adjusting unit that adjusts a distance between an engagement device and a pressure plate, which is adjusted due to a simultaneous axial motion of the spindle nut, and
the axial direction of the adjustment spindle is on a line which points from a central axis of the friction clutch towards an exterior circumference of the friction clutch.

US Pat. No. 10,167,903

DUAL CLUTCH

1. A duplex clutch for coupling a drive shaft of a motor vehicle to at least one of a first transmission input shaft or a second transmission input shaft of a motor vehicle transmission, the duplex clutch comprising:a first partial clutch for coupling the drive shaft to the first transmission input shaft, with the first partial clutch comprising a first counter plate, at least one first intermediate plate axially displaceable in reference to the first counter plate, and a first compression plate axially displaceable in reference to the first counter plate and to the first intermediate plate for compressing first friction linings of a first clutch disk between the first counter plate and the first intermediate plate as well as between the first intermediate plate and the first compression plate;
a second partial clutch for coupling the drive shaft to the second transmission input shaft, with the second partial clutch comprising a second counter plate, at least one second intermediate plate axially displaceable in reference to the second counter plate, and a second compression plate axially displaceable in reference to the second counter plate and to the second intermediate plate for compressing second friction linings of a second clutch disk between the second counter plate and the second intermediate plate as well as between the second intermediate plate and the second compression plate;
a first actuating cup for displacement of the first compression plate; and
a second actuating cup, embodied stiffly, for the displacement of the second compression plate,
wherein the first and second partial clutches are actuated directly without any lever movements, and
the first actuating cup engages the first compression plate without any pivotal motion, and the second actuating cup engages the second compression plate without any pivotal motion.

US Pat. No. 10,167,902

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF ROTATING ELEMENT, CONNECTING STRUCTURE BETWEEN ROTATING ELEMENT AND ROTATING SHAFT, AND STEERING APPARATUS

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A manufacturing method of a rotating element including a cylindrical fitting portion having a pair of circumferential end portions forming an axial slit between the circumferential end portions, the cylindrical fitting portion being serration-fitted to a rotating shaft, the manufacturing method comprising:clamping the fitting portion by a clamp jig so that the fitting portion is elastically deformed in an elliptical shape that is flat in a predetermined radial direction toward the axial slit;
forming a female serration arranged in an elliptical shape by use of a tool having an elliptical section with a short diameter in the predetermined radial direction, the female serration being formed on an inner peripheral surface of the fitting portion clamped by the clamp jig so as to be elastically deformed in the elliptical shape; and
releasing the clamping by the clamp jig so that the arrangement of the female serration is changed to a perfect-circle shape from the elliptical shape.

US Pat. No. 10,167,900

TAPER ROLLER BEARING

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A taper roller bearing comprising:an inner ring that includes a small flange that is positioned on a first side in an axial direction and that protrudes to an outer side in a radial direction, and a large flange that is positioned on a second side in the axial direction and that protrudes to the outer side in the radial direction;
an outer ring that is positioned on the outer side in the radial direction of the inner ring;
a plurality of taper rollers that are positioned between the inner ring and the outer ring; and
an annular cage that holds the plurality of taper rollers at an interval in the circumferential direction,
wherein:
the cage includes a small-diameter annular portion that is positioned on one side of the cage, a large-diameter annular portion that is positioned on an opposite side of the cage and on the outer side in the radial direction of the large flange, and a plurality of column portions that link the small-diameter annular portion and the large-diameter annular portion with each other, and
a labyrinth structure, which suppresses a flow of lubricating oil from inside the taper roller bearing to outside the taper roller bearing, is provided between the large flange and the large-diameter annular portion, the labyrinth structure including an annular enlarged space portion that is disposed axially between a flange surface of the large flange and a radially inward surface of the large-diameter annular portion.

US Pat. No. 10,167,899

SINTERED BEARING, FLUID DYNAMIC BEARING DEVICE PROVIDED WITH SAME, AND SINTERED BEARING MANUFACTURING METHOD

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

5. A sintered bearing manufacturing method, comprising:a compression molding step of subjecting metal powder to compression molding to form a compact integrally comprising: a cylindrical inner layer containing 30 wt % or more of copper and 30 wt % or more of iron; and an outer layer containing 50 wt % or more of iron, the outer layer having a compressive yield strength higher than a compressive yield strength of the cylindrical inner layer;
a sintering step of sintering the compact to form a sintered body; and
a sizing step of die-forming a radial dynamic pressure generating portion in an inner peripheral surface of the sintered body,
the sizing step comprising:
inserting a core rod, which has a forming pattern formed in an outer peripheral surface thereof, along an inner periphery of the sintered body;
die-forming the radial dynamic pressure generating portion by press-fitting the sintered body to an inner periphery of a die under a state in which the core rod remains inserted along the inner periphery of the sintered body, compressing the sintered body from an outer periphery thereof to press the inner peripheral surface of the sintered body onto the forming pattern of the core rod, and plastically deforming the inner peripheral surface of the sintered body;
separating the inner peripheral surface of the sintered body from the forming pattern of the core rod by taking out the sintered body from the inner periphery of the die under a state in which the core rod remains inserted along the inner periphery of the sintered body to increase the inner peripheral surface of the sintered body in diameter; and
separating the sintered body and the core rod from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,167,897

TAPERED ROLLER BEARING

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A tapered roller bearing comprising:an inner ring having, on an outer peripheral side, a conical inner raceway surface with a diameter increasing from an axially first side toward an axially second side;
an outer ring having, on an inner peripheral side, a conical outer raceway surface with a diameter increasing from the axially first side toward the axially second side;
a plurality of tapered rollers provided in an annular space formed between the inner ring and the outer ring and rolling on the inner raceway surface and the outer raceway surface; and
an annular cage that holds the tapered rollers, wherein
the cage has a small annular portion positioned on the axially first side with respect to the tapered rollers, a large annular portion positioned on the axially second side with respect to the tapered rollers, and a plurality of cage bars that couples the small annular portion and the large annular portion together, and the cage is enabled to come into contact with an inner peripheral surface of the outer ring at least on the axially first side so that the contact allows the cage to be positioned in a radial direction,
each of the cage bars has pocket surfaces each of which faces an outer peripheral surface of the corresponding tapered roller, and each pocket surface has a flat surface shape that is straight in a direction from the inner ring toward the outer ring, that is enabled to come into line contact with the corresponding tapered roller, wherein the pocket surface, in a section that is orthogonal to a tapered roller center line, is parallel to a first virtual plane including the bearing center line and the tapered roller center line and that passes through the tapered roller center line, and
the pocket surface is enabled to come into line contact with the corresponding tapered roller at a position on a second virtual plane that is orthogonal to the first virtual plane radially outward of a pitch circle of the tapered rollers, the second virtual plane including the roller center line.

US Pat. No. 10,167,894

BALL AND SOCKET

Dowco, Inc., Manitowoc, ...

1. A joint for connecting a first structure and a second structure, the joint comprising:a ball portion having a ball with a bore formed therein;
a forked portion having a first end configured to secure the forked portion to the first structure and a first fork parallel to a second fork that extend away from the first end to form a socket, each of the first and second fork having a hole formed therein;
a pin sized to extend through the bore and each hole when the ball is within the socket to pivotally attach the ball portion and forked portion;
wherein each of the first fork and the second fork have a first end adjacent the first end of the forked portion and a second end opposite the first end of the forked portion;
wherein when the ball is inserted between the second end of the first fork and second fork, the second end of the first fork and second fork are configured to deform to permit the ball to be located within the socket;
wherein when the ball is inserted between the second end of the first fork and second fork, a distance between the first fork and second fork at the first end remains the same.

US Pat. No. 10,167,892

CAPTIVE EXTERNALLY THREADED FASTENER

International Business Ma...

1. A system for captivating an externally threaded fastener comprising:a component comprising an opening extending through a top surface to a bottom surface, the opening comprising a major diameter upon the top surface, a minor diameter upon the bottom surface, and a chamfer surface connecting the major diameter and the minor diameter, the chamfer surface being acutely angled from the bottom surface;
wherein, the minor diameter comprises a first diameter portion, a second diameter portion comprising a diameter larger than that of the first diameter portion, a first line portion that connects a first end point of the first diameter portion and a first endpoint of the second diameter portion, and a second line portion that connects a second end point of the first diameter portion and a second endpoint of the second diameter portion; and
an externally threaded fastener comprising a thread, a non-threaded shaft, and a flange, wherein the non-threaded shaft is captivated within the opening of the component.

US Pat. No. 10,167,891

SELF-REPORTING, GROUNDED NUT-CLIP

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A self-reporting, grounded nut-clip, comprising:a support body comprising first and second bends defining first, second and third support sections interleaved with the first and second bends,
the first and third support sections defining first and second apertures, respectively, and the second support section being interposed between the first and third support sections;
a fastening element receiving member disposed on the first support section at the first aperture;
a star washer disposed on the third support section at a location of the second aperture; and
an indicator coupled to the third support section and which is configured for automatic activation upon complete nut-clip installation.

US Pat. No. 10,167,890

PLUG-IN COUPLING HAVING AN ELASTICALLY DEFORMABLE COUPLING PART AND INSTALLATION METHOD THEREFOR

1. An elastically deformable coupling part for a plug-in connection for connecting a first component and a second component, the coupling part comprising:a. an inner connection portion, in which a head of a pin element of the second component can be accommodated by means of a detent connection, and an outer fastening portion, which is connectable with a keyhole of the first component by a bayonet closure, wherein
b. the fastening portion comprises at least one radial contact surface, at least one first radial projection being arranged at an axial distance from the at least one radial contact surface, wherein the at least one first radial projection forms a bayonet gap for a rotational accommodation of the first component, and at least one second radial projection being arranged at an axial distance from the at least one radial contact surface, wherein the at least one second radial projection forms a locking gap for the first component between the at least one second radial projection and the at least one radial contact surface by a movability directed radially inward so that the at least one second radial projection is resiliently arranged in a radial direction, wherein
c. the at least one first and the at least one second radial projection are arranged circumferentially offset with respect to each other, and
d. the bayonet gap is blocked after a certain length by means of an axial projection in coordination with an arrangement of the at least one second radial projection so that the first component in an area of the keyhole cannot be removed from the locking gap during a rotation of the coupling part around a longitudinal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,167,889

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR HOT-RIVETTING WITH A PLASTIC RIVET AND HOT-RIVETTED PLASTIC RIVET

ZF Friedrichshafen AG, F...

1. A device for hot riveting by using a plastic stud, the device comprising:a docking surface for docking against a workpiece;
a recess section for shaping a sealing head of the stud, wherein the recess section includes a cavity, and wherein the cavity has a first depth in relation to the docking surface; and
a compensation section that is arranged adjacent to the recess section, the compensation section configured to form an edge section of the stud by accommodating displaced material from the sealing head of the stud,
wherein the compensation section is uniform with a second depth in relation to the docking surface, the second depth being less than the first depth,
wherein the docking surface surrounds the entirety of the compensation section and is fixed with respect to the compensation section,
wherein at least one protrusion interrupts the compensation section, and
wherein the at least one protrusion partially forms the docking surface.

US Pat. No. 10,167,887

BEAM JOINING APPARATUS WITH BOLT AND THREADED WEDGE

1. An apparatus comprising:a first structural element inserted in an opening in a second structural element;
a threaded bolt inserted through two unthreaded holes in respective opposite walls of the second structural element, with a head of the bolt stopped against a surface of the second structural element; and
a wedge comprising an internally threaded hole with the bolt threaded therein;
wherein the wedge comprises a varying thickness between the threaded hole and a ramp surface of the wedge, and said varying thickness increases with distance from the bolt head;
wherein the ramp surface of the wedge contacts a side surface of the first structural element inside the second structural element;
wherein tightening of the bolt in the threads of the wedge causes the wedge to apply a force against the first structural element that jams the first structural element against a surface of said opening opposite the wedge; and
wherein the wedge comprises a cylinder with a cylindrical ramp surface providing a varying ramp angle defined by a plane that is tangent to the cylindrical ramp surface at a line of contact between the cylindrical ramp surface and the first structural element, and the varying ramp angle progressively decreases with the tightening of the bolt.

US Pat. No. 10,167,886

SECUREMENT CLIP FOR PIPE AND SCAFFOLD ENGAGED FABRIC

1. A clip, comprising:a body of said clip extending between a first side edge and a second side edge, said body having a central portion and having two sidewalls extending from said central portion between said first side edge and said second side edge, to respective distal edges of each of said two sidewalls;
said body having a curved interior surface extending across said central portion and to said distal edges of said two sidewalls;
said curved interior surface surrounding an axial passage communicating through said body from said first side edge to said second side edge;
a projecting portion formed in each of said sidewalls in opposing positions thereon at a respective central area of each of said sidewalls located in-between said first side edge and said second side edge of said body;
each said projecting portion defining a respective curved distal edge section, centrally located between two linear sections of a respective said distal edge of each of said sidewalls, said linear sections and said curved distal edge sections being positioned at opposing positions on each respective sidewall;
a first gap running between said respective linear sections of said distal edges located in said opposing positions on each of said sidewalls;
said axial passage having a first diameter;
said first gap being smaller than said first diameter;
said projecting portions defining opposing portions of said curved interior surface of each respective sidewall which extend to said respective curved distal edge sections, opposed portions of said curved interior surfaces having a separation distance therebetween, said separation distance exceeding the first gap;
said two sidewalls being flexible for a temporary deflection, said temporary deflection forming a temporary increase of said first gap to a size substantially equal to or larger than said first diameter, whereby, said clip is engageable around a pipe communicated through said first gap during said temporary deflection and thereafter forms a contact of said interior surface with said pipe to hold fabric engaged thereon.

US Pat. No. 10,167,885

MECHANICAL JOINT WITH A FLANGED RETAINER

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A mechanical joint, comprising:a first component with an aperture;
a second component;
a flanged retainer including a base and a flange, the base including a bore and a counterbore that extends longitudinally along a centerline into the base from a longitudinal end of the base to the bore, and the flange extending radially out from and circumferentially about the base at the longitudinal end of the base, wherein the flange longitudinally engages the first component and the base projects longitudinally through the aperture and longitudinally engages the second component; and
a fastener including an anchor and a shaft, the anchor seated within the counterbore, and the shaft projecting longitudinally from the anchor, through the bore, and at least to the second component;
the flange configured to be angularly offset from an adjacent outer circumferential side of the base by a first angle prior to assembly of the mechanical joint;
the flange configured to be angularly offset from the adjacent outer circumferential side of the base by a second angle after assembly of the mechanical joint; and
the second angle larger than the first angle, wherein the second angle is an acute angle.

US Pat. No. 10,167,884

HOOK AND LOOP STRAP WITH A HIGH POWERED MAGNET

Magstrapz, Inc., Mokena,...

1. A magnetic strap for removeably attaching an object to a metal surface, comprising:a loop portion with a looped top surface and a first smooth bottom surface;
a hook portion with a hooked top surface and a second smooth bottom surface;
a connector;
at least one magnet;
a top rubber portion;
a bottom rubber portion, wherein the at least one magnet is located between the top rubber portion and the bottom rubber portion; and
an additional surface covering the at least one magnet, wherein the top rubber portion is attached to the additional surface, and wherein the bottom rubber portion is attached to the second smooth bottom surface of the hook portion, and wherein the additional surface comprises a looped bottom surface for engaging the hooked top surface.

US Pat. No. 10,167,883

APPARATUS FOR CREATING A SWIRLING FLOW OF FLUID

Luxnara Yaovaphankul, (T...

1. An apparatus for creating a swirling flow of fluid comprising:a transmission base with an internal cavity the transmission base including:
a side penetrable hole,
a hole side edge with a convex curve which is part of an inner surface of the transmission base to deflect a flow with Coanda Effect to create a laminar swirling flow in the internal cavity,
wherein a diameter of an upper open end of the transmission base is longer than a diameter of a lower open end of the transmission base to form a longitudinal surface of the transmission base which includes the convex curve and another surface of the longitudinal inner surface of the transmission base to be in a shape of a slope of a continuous line, with a continuous shortening of an inner circumference along the slope of a continuous line to speed up an acceleration of swirling flow along the internal cavity in a manner of a laminar swirling flow.

US Pat. No. 10,167,882

LOOP-FLUSHING-SYSTEM FOR HYDROSTATIC APPARATUS

1. A hydraulic fluid loop-flushing device for a hydrostatic apparatus comprising:a valve housing having a cylindrical valve bore with a first inlet, a second inlet and a discharge outlet,
a first flushing valve spool arranged elastically pre-stressed within the valve bore for enabling a fluid connection between the second inlet and the discharge outlet by means of a first fluid channel, the first flushing valve spool arranged with a first flushing valve spring,
a second flushing valve spool having a second fluid channel for enabling a fluid connection between the first inlet and the discharge outlet, the second flushing valve spool arranged with a second flushing valve spring,
a shuttle valve spool arranged elastically pre-stressed within the valve bore for enabling the fluid connection between the second inlet and the discharge outlet by means of a fluid passageway, wherein
the first flushing valve spool is moveable into an open position, in which the first fluid channel is open, if the fluid pressure at the second inlet exceeds a first threshold value, wherein
the shuttle valve spool is moveable into an open position, in which the fluid passageway is open for connecting the second inlet with the discharge outlet, if the pressure difference between the first inlet and the second inlet exceeds a second threshold value, wherein
the first flushing valve spool and the shuttle valve spool are arranged concentrically and moveable relative to each other, wherein
the first flushing valve spring biases the first flushing valve spool independently of the shuttle valve spool and the second flushing valve spring biases the second flushing valve spool independently of the shuttle valve spool, and wherein
the fluid connection between the second inlet and the discharge outlet is enabled only if both the first flushing valve spool and the shuttle valve spool are in the respective open positions.

US Pat. No. 10,167,881

VALVE COMPONENTS

1. A pressure maintenance valve component, comprising:a valve housing having first and second fluid-conducting connection points in said valve housing;
a valve slide movably guided in a longitudinal direction in said valve housing; and
a first control part on said valve slide, said first control part having a first pocket-shaped recess at least partially bordered by a fluid-guiding surface, said recess having first and second vertices, said fluid-guiding surface extending between said first and second vertices of said recess and having a slope decreasing from said second vertex to said first vertex starting from a predeterminable distance from said second vertex at a point of said fluid-guiding surface having a greatest slope thereof, said fluid-guiding surface extending from said first vertex to said second vertex only and continuously having a decreasing slope along an entire extent thereof from the predetermined distance from said second vertex at the point of greatest slope to said first vertex.

US Pat. No. 10,167,880

SHOVEL AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING SHOVEL

SUMITOMO(S.H.I.) CONSTRUC...

1. A shovel, comprising:a lower-part traveling body;
an upper-part turning body mounted on the lower-part traveling body;
a hydraulic actuator mounted on the upper-part turning body;
an internal combustion engine disposed in the upper-part turning body, the internal combustion engine being provided with a supercharging device and configured to be controlled at a constant rotational speed;
a hydraulic pump connected to the internal combustion engine; and
a controller configured to control horsepower absorbed by the hydraulic pump,
wherein the controller is configured to increase a supercharging pressure of the supercharging device by increasing a load on the internal combustion engine with the hydraulic pump before a load on the hydraulic actuator increases.

US Pat. No. 10,167,879

COOLING FAN COUPLED WITH A SET OF RECIRCULATION FLAPS

International Business Ma...

1. A method of manufacture comprising:coupling a set of recirculation flaps coupled with a cooling fan, wherein at least one recirculation flap has a ferrous material;
coupling a controller with the cooling fan, wherein the controller indicates a set of indicated positions for the set of recirculation flaps based on a tachometer value; and
connecting an electromagnet with the controller to position the set of recirculation flaps in the set of indicated positions using the ferrous material, wherein:
the electromagnet engages the ferrous material to arrange the set of recirculation flaps in an open position; and
the electromagnet uses less than two percent (2%) of a cooling fan power to position the set of recirculation flaps.

US Pat. No. 10,167,878

COOLING FAN COUPLED WITH A SET OF RECIRCULATION FLAPS

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus comprising:a set of recirculation flaps coupled with a cooling fan, wherein at least one recirculation flap has a ferrous material;
a controller coupled with the cooling fan, wherein the controller indicates a set of indicated positions for the set of recirculation flaps based on a tachometer value; and
an electromagnet connected with the controller to position the set of recirculation flaps in the set of indicated positions using the ferrous material, wherein:
the electromagnet engages the ferrous material to arrange the set of recirculation flaps in an open position; and
the electromagnet uses less than two percent (2%) of a cooling fan power to position the set of recirculation flaps.

US Pat. No. 10,167,877

CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. A centrifugal compressor comprising;a housing having an air intake opening opened in a rotary shaft direction and an air intake passage continuous to the air intake opening,
an impeller wheel having a plurality of blades and rotationally disposed centered around the rotary shaft inside the housing and compressing intake air flowing in from the air intake opening,
a guide unit formed in one of a cylindrical shape, a hollow truncated cone shape, or a bell-mouse shape extending in an axial direction of the air intake passage in which a flow path on an inflow side is wide and a flow path on an outflow side is narrowed,
a center resistive element provided on the inner side of the guide unit and formed in a disk shape, and
at least one strut mounting the guide unit on the inner peripheral wall of the air intake passage,
wherein the disk-shaped center resistive element comprises an openable and closable valve element rotating between a totally opened position along an intake air flow and a totally closed position interrupting the intake air flow, said disk-shaped element being rotatable about an axis that extends in a radial direction of the air intake passage, and
wherein the valve element is a fluid resistive element comprising one of a porous plate or a mesh member whereby a flow occurs through said valve member at a hub side of the impeller wheel even when said valve member is fully closed.

US Pat. No. 10,167,876

TURBOCHARGER COMPRESSOR AND METHOD

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. A turbocharger for use with an internal combustion engine, comprising:a turbine housing surrounding a rotatable turbine wheel that is connected to a shaft;
a center housing that includes a bearing arrangement that rotatably supports the shaft, the shaft extending through the center housing;
a compressor housing surrounding an end of the shaft; and
a compressor wheel connected to the end of the shaft and being rotatably disposed within the compressor housing, the compressor wheel comprising:
a central hub having a centerline, a root portion and an end portion, the root portion being adjacent a connection interface of the central hub to a shaft;
a plurality of blades formed around the central hub, the plurality of blades including a group of full-blades extending from the root portion of the central hub up to a maximum distance from the root portion along the centerline, the maximum distance being adjacent the end portion of the central hub;
wherein the plurality of blades further includes a group of half-blades, the half-blades extending from the root portion of the hub to an area along the centerline that is between 55% and 70% of the maximum distance along the centerline;
wherein the plurality of blades further includes a group of partial-blades;
wherein the plurality of blades is organized in repeating sets of blades arranged around the compressor wheel, each repeating set including one half-blade that is immediately followed by one full-blade with respect to a particular radial location relative to a rotation of the compressor wheel; and
wherein one partial-blade is disposed immediately adjacent each repeating set.

US Pat. No. 10,167,875

TURBOCHARGER COMPRESSOR AND METHOD

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. A turbocharger for use with an internal combustion engine, comprising:a turbine housing surrounding a rotatable turbine wheel that is connected to a shaft;
a center housing that includes a bearing arrangement that rotatably supports the shaft, the shaft extending through the center housing;
a compressor housing surrounding an end of the shaft; and
a compressor wheel connected to the end of the shaft and being rotatably disposed within the compressor housing, the compressor wheel comprising:
a central hub having a centerline, a root portion and an end portion, the root portion being adjacent a connection between the compressor wheel and the end of the shaft;
a first plurality of blades formed around the central hub, each of the first plurality of blades extending from the root portion to a first area adjacent the end portion along the centerline;
a second plurality of blades formed around the central hub, each of the second plurality of blades disposed between adjacent blades from the first plurality of blades and extending from the root portion of the hub to a second area along the centerline that is shorter than the first area with respect to the centerline; and
a third plurality of blades formed around the central hub, each of the third plurality of blades disposed along the central hub between adjacent blades from the first plurality of blades and from the second plurality of blades, each of the third plurality of blades extending from the root portion of the hub to a third area along the centerline that is shorter than the second area with respect to the centerline;
wherein the compressor wheel includes a plurality of sets of blades, each set of blades including a blade from each of the first, second and third pluralities of blades arranged in order such that, at any radial location around the compressor wheel during operation, each blade from the first plurality of blades is immediately followed by a blade from the third plurality of blades, each blade from the third plurality of blades is immediately followed by a blade from the second plurality of blades, and each blade from the second plurality of blades is immediately followed by a blade from the first plurality of blades.

US Pat. No. 10,167,873

DUAL DIRECTION WINDMILL PUMP FOR GEARED TURBOFAN ENGINE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A gas turbine engine comprising: a fan section including a shaft gear disposed on a fan shaft rotatable about an axis; a fan drive gear system driving the fan shaft; a lubrication pump configured to supply a lubricant flow to the fan drive gear system; and a gear train coupled to the shaft gear and configured to drive the lubrication pump in a first direction responsive to rotation of the shaft gear in both the first direction and a second direction, the gear train having a primary gear driven by the shaft gear, the primary gear driving a pinion gear that drives a pump shaft gear when rotating in the first direction and a first reverse gear that drives a reverse idler gear that drives the pump shaft gear when the shaft gear rotates in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,167,872

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A COMPRESSOR

General Electric Company,...

1. A compressor comprising:a first plurality of single-panel stator vanes arranged in a first stage and connected to a first rotating member, wherein the first plurality of stator vanes comprises inlet guide vanes located upstream of a first stage of rotating blades, and wherein each of the first plurality of stator vanes has a first position and a first length;
a first movement-inducing device engaged with the first rotating member for adjusting the first position of each of the first plurality of stator vanes;
a second plurality of stator vanes arranged in two or more successive stages downstream of the first stage, each respective stage of the second plurality of stator vanes being connected to a respective rotating member and having a respective position, one of the two or more successive stages in the second plurality of stator vanes being adjacent the first plurality of stator vanes, the stator vanes in the one of the two or more successive stages having a second length less than the first length;
a bar connecting the respective rotating members of the two or more successive stages of stator vanes downstream of the first stage;
a second movement-inducing device engaged with the bar for adjusting, in unison, the relative positions of the second plurality of stator vanes in the two or more successive downstream stages;
a control system configured to receive a first input representing a speed of the compressor and a second input representing an operating mode of the compressor; to use the first input and the second input to separately generate a first position command for the second plurality of stator vanes and a second position command for the first plurality of stator vanes; to use the first position command to provide a first control signal to the second actuator to adjust, in unison, the relative positions of the second plurality of stator vanes; and to use the second position command in combination with the first control signal to provide a second control signal to the first actuator for adjusting the first position of the first plurality of stator vanes;
wherein the adjusting of the relative positions of the second plurality of stator vanes, as directed by the first control signal, is separate from and independent of the adjusting of the first position of the first plurality of stator vanes, as directed by the second control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,167,869

WASTEWATER AND ANALYSIS SYSTEM WITH MONITORED SAMPLE TUBE FILL LEVEL

Wuhan China Star Optoelec...

1. A wastewater monitor and analysis system, comprising a self-priming pump, a first sample pipe and a container, which is a Parshall flume tank, containing a sample to be tested, and the first sample pipe connects the self-priming pump and the container, and the self-priming pump transports the sample to be tested in the container to the first sample pipe, whereinthe wastewater monitor and analysis system further comprises a fluid supplementation device connected with the first sample pipe, and a default level value is preset in the fluid supplementation device, and the fluid supplementation device monitors a level of the sample to be tested in the first sample pipe, and extracts the sample to be tested from the container to supplement the sample to be tested to the first sample pipe as the level value of the sample to be tested in the first sample pipe is lower than the default level value to ensure that the self-priming pump normally work and to ensure that the wastewater monitor and analysis system normally and constantly perform monitoring.

US Pat. No. 10,167,868

SCREW COMPRESSOR

Kobe Steel, Ltd., Hyogo ...

1. A screw compressor comprising:a compressor body compressing a fluid by a screw rotor;
a motor disposed in a side of the compressor body and supplying a drive force to the compressor body;
a gear box coupled to the compressor body and transmitting the drive force of the motor to the screw rotor;
a tubular coupling casing coupling the gear box and the motor and having a horizontal axis;
an input shaft coupled to the shaft of the motor and inputting the drive force of the motor to the gear box;
a coupling accommodated in the coupling casing and coupling the input shaft and the shaft of the motor;
a work hole in the horizontal direction provided in the coupling casing and used for maintaining the coupling; and
a rib provided in the coupling casing and extending in the up-down direction, the rib being a substantially rectangular plate and extending along an entire length of the tubular coupling casing in a horizontal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,167,865

HYDRAULIC PUMPING SYSTEM WITH ENHANCED PISTON ROD SEALING

Weatherford Technology Ho...

11. A method of pumping well fluid from a subterranean well, the method comprising:preventing leakage of the well fluid from the well by disposing a seal assembly about a piston rod of a hydraulic actuator, the seal assembly including multiple seal cartridges, each of the seal cartridges including a dynamic seal that slidingly and sealingly engages the piston rod, and each of the seal cartridges further including a static seal that sealingly engages a housing of the seal assembly;
enabling fluid communication through a sidewall of the housing to an interior of the housing between an adjacent pair of the static seals; and
reciprocably displacing the piston rod in response to pressure variations in the hydraulic actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,167,864

FUEL PUMP

KEIHIN CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A fuel pump comprising a body having a fuel flow path provided therein, a valve seat fixed to the body and disposed at an intermediate part of the fuel flow path, and a valve body capable of abutting the valve seat,wherein the valve seat has:
a fixing portion fixed to the body;
an abutting portion where the valve body abuts; and
a constricted portion configured to connect the fixing portion and the abutting portion, and
wherein both the fixing portion and the abutting portion have a hollow cylindrical shape,
an axis of the hollow cylindrical shape of the fixing portion and an axis of the abutting portion are arranged coaxially,
a maximum diameter of the fixing portion is larger than a maximum diameter of the abutting portion,
at least part of the abutting portion is disposed to be housed inside the fixing portion,
the fixing portion and the abutting portion are continuously formed in a cross section of the valve seat cut along a plane including the axis, and
the constricted portion is disposed between the fixing portion and the abutting portion in the cross section.

US Pat. No. 10,167,863

PROPORTIONING PUMP, CONTROL SYSTEMS AND APPLICATOR APPARATUS

Pumptec, Inc., Anoka, MN...

1. A pump apparatus, comprising:a liquid tank defining a storage volume operative to receive and hold a liquid;
said storage volume having an upper horizontal portion, a mid-section extending vertically from and beneath said upper horizontal portion, and a lower wedge-shaped sediment bowl extending horizontally from and beneath said mid-section;
a pumping apparatus comprising at least a pump having a pump inlet, a pump outlet, and a fluid driver between said pump inlet and said pump outlet, said pumping apparatus external to said storage volume and coupled with said liquid tank in a position between said upper horizontal portion and said lower wedge-shaped sediment bowl.

US Pat. No. 10,167,861

INFUSION PUMP

Namiki Precision Singapor...

1. An infusion pump comprising:a pump body including a tube attachment portion to which an infusion tube is to be attached detachably; and
a door pivotably supported by the pump body so that the tube attachment portion is openable and closable by the door, wherein
the pump body includes: a clamp attachment portion into which a sliding clamp is to be inserted and set, the sliding clamp being configured to close or release the infusion tube by moving in a direction intersecting with the infusion tube; and a release operator configured to be operated in the clamp attachment portion in order to transfer the sliding clamp from a close mode to a release mode, and
the release operator is configured to be locked, in response to opening movement of the door, so that the release operator is inoperable for releasing, and is configured to be unlocked in response to closing movement of the door.

US Pat. No. 10,167,860

HERMETIC COMPRESSOR AND REFRIGERATION APPARATUS

PANASONIC APPLIANCES REFR...

1. A hermetic compressor comprising:a sealed container storing a lubricating oil;
an electric element housed in the sealed container; and
a compression element housed in the sealed container and driven by the electric element to compress a cooling medium, wherein
the compression element includes:
a cylinder, which forms a compression chamber;
a valve plate, which seals one end portion of the cylinder and in which a suction hole and a discharge hole are formed;
a suction reed configured to open and close the suction hole; and
a suction muffler, which is positioned below the cylinder and in which a silencing space is formed, the suction muffler including a communication pipe connected to the suction hole,
the communication pipe extends upward from the suction muffler toward the one end portion of the cylinder, and an upper end of the communication pipe is provided with a communication pipe outlet, which is in communication with the suction hole,
the communication pipe outlet includes a communication opening, whose upper shape is a curved protruding shape and whose lower shape is a rectangular shape,
an opening of the suction hole at the cylinder side has a non-recessed closed-curve shape, and an opening of the suction hole at the communication pipe side has a shape corresponding to that of the communication opening of the communication pipe outlet, such that an upper shape of the opening of the suction hole at the communication pipe side is a curved protruding shape, and a lower shape of the opening of the suction hole at the communication pipe side is a rectangular shape,
a lower peripheral surface of the suction hole adjacent to the opening of the suction hole at the communication pipe side includes a curved portion and/or a sloped portion, and an upper peripheral surface of the suction hole adjacent to the opening of the suction hole at the communication pipe side is straight with no steps,
an upper peripheral surface of the communication opening and the upper peripheral surface of the suction hole form one surface, such that there is substantially no step between these upper peripheral surfaces, and
the valve plate and the communication pipe are connected in a state where the upper peripheral surface of the communication opening of the communication pipe outlet corresponds to the upper peripheral surface of the suction hole.

US Pat. No. 10,167,859

HYDRAULIC VALVE COVER ASSEMBLY

Nabors Industries, Inc., ...

1. A mud pump fluid end valve cover assembly, comprising:a threaded ring attachable to a fluid end module and configured to receive a screw gland;
an outside housing surrounding the threaded ring and providing an offset between the fluid end module and a top end portion of the fluid end valve cover;
a spring positioned between the top end portion and the threaded ring and biased to provide a downward biasing force on the threaded ring toward the fluid end module, wherein the screw gland in the threaded ring translates the downward biasing force to a reaction force applied against a valve plug of the fluid end module; and
a piston positioned at a base of the threaded ring and configured to actuate to overcome the downward biasing force and lift the threaded ring from the fluid end module to reduce the reaction force of the screw gland against the valve plug.

US Pat. No. 10,167,857

GAS COMPRESSOR AND SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR GAS COMPRESSING

I-JACK TECHNOLOGIES INCOR...

1. A gas compressor system operable for use in an oil well producing system, said gas compressor system comprising:a driving fluid cylinder having driving fluid chamber with a varying volume that is adapted for receiving therein, containing and expelling therefrom, a driving fluid, and having a driving fluid piston movable within said driving fluid cylinder to vary the volume of the driving fluid chamber;
a gas compression cylinder having a gas compression chamber with a varying volume that is adapted for receiving therein, containing and expelling therefrom, a gas, and further comprising a gas piston movable within said gas compression cylinder to vary the volume of the gas compression chamber, said gas piston operable to be driven by said driving fluid piston to compress a quantity of natural gas located within said gas compression chamber, said gas compressor system being operable for communication of a supply of natural gas from an oil well to said gas compression chamber;
a buffer chamber located between said driving fluid chamber and said gas compression chamber, said buffer chamber being sealed by one or more seal devices from said driving fluid chamber and said gas compression chamber, and in operation of said gas compressor system, said buffer chamber not receiving natural gas from said oil well;
said buffer chamber providing a chamber that inhibits movement of at least one non-driving fluid component accompanying natural gas supplied to said gas compression chamber, from being communicated from said gas compression chamber into said driving fluid chamber, when in operation natural gas is located within said gas compression chamber and is compressed by said gas piston as said gas piston is driven by said driving fluid piston as it is being driven by said driving fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,167,856

UTILIZATION OF MOMENT OF INERTIA AND LEVER FOR MECHANICAL GAIN

1. Apparatus for a single system of utilization of mechanical gain comprising:A type of teeth grooved rotating wheel driven by a center drive shaft;
two of a type of teeth grooved mating wheel driven by said rotating wheel;
a cross-pin that acts as a center of rotational axis for said two mating wheels as well as a connection point for support rod for said two mating wheels;
a pivoting connection point near the edge of each said mating wheel separated by 180 degrees apart from each of said mating wheel;
a lever that is connected to said edge of said each mating wheel at the pivoting connection point separated by said 180 degrees apart;
each of said lever having a slotted area for said pivoting connection point at the input side of a fulcrum allowing each said lever to move up and down;
a pivoting point for said two of said lever said near the end of said levers acting as a fulcrum as well as a support point for said levers and load; and
a support rod connected to said support pin of said fulcrum.

US Pat. No. 10,167,855

PISTON INCLUDED IN LIQUID-PRESSURE ROTATING DEVICE AND LIQUID-PRESSURE ROTATING DEVICE

KAWASAKI JUKOGYO KABUSHIK...

1. A piston included in a liquid-pressure rotating device in which a plurality of pistons including the piston are arranged at a cylinder block in a circumferential direction of the cylinder block, the cylinder block being configured to rotate together with a rotating shaft, the liquid-pressure rotating device being used as a pump or a motor,the piston comprising:
a cylindrical peripheral wall main body portion including a hollow portion, an opening portion being formed at one end of the peripheral wall main body portion and communicating with the hollow portion;
a lid portion welded to an inner peripheral surface of the opening portion to seal the hollow portion and including an outer surface formed as a pressure receiving surface which receives liquid pressure;
a stress reducing portion formed on an inner peripheral surface of the peripheral wall main body portion, the inner peripheral surface of the peripheral wall main body portion being in contact with or close to an end portion of a welded portion formed between the opening portion and the lid portion, the end portion being located at a hollow portion side of the welded portion, the stress reducing portion being configured to reduce stress acting on the end portion of the welded portion;
a large-diameter concave portion formed on the inner peripheral surface of the peripheral wall main body portion so as to be located at a far side of the stress reducing portion away from the lid portion; and
a small-diameter portion formed on the inner peripheral surface of the peripheral wall main body portion so as to be located at a far side of the large-diameter concave portion away from the lid portion, wherein:
the stress reducing portion is an annular concave portion having a cross section through which a center line of the peripheral wall main body portion extends, the cross section having an arbitrary shape including a circular-arc shape or a polygonal shape; and
the large-diameter concave portion is larger in radius than the small-diameter portion and smaller in radius than the stress reducing portion.

US Pat. No. 10,167,854

SHAPE MEMORY ARTICLE WITH HEAT-GENERATING MICROCAPSULE

International Business Ma...

1. A shape memory article, comprising:a shape memory material that transitions to a first shape from a second shape when a temperature of the shape memory material exceeds a threshold temperature; and
a plurality of microcapsules in thermal contact with the shape memory material, wherein
each microcapsule in the plurality of microcapsules has a first compartment, a second compartment, and an isolating structure separating the first and second compartments, wherein the isolating structure is rupturable in response to a stimulus, the first compartments each contain a first component, and the second compartments each contain a second component that reacts with the first component to produce heat.

US Pat. No. 10,167,853

METHOD FOR DETECTING DAMAGE OF WIND TURBINE BLADE AND WIND TURBINE

MITSUBISHI HEAVY INDUSTRI...

1. A method for detecting damage of a wind turbine blade of a wind turbine rotor having at least one wind turbine blade, comprising:a light incident step of allowing light to enter an optical fiber sensor being attached to each wind turbine blade and including a diffraction grating having a refractive index which is repetitively varied in a longitudinal direction of the diffraction grating;
a light detection step of detecting reflected light from the diffraction grating;
an obtaining step of obtaining, from a periodic temporal change of a wavelength of the reflected light received in the light detection step due to rotation of the wind turbine rotor, a wavelength variation index representing a temporal variation component of the wavelength in the periodic temporal change; and
a damage determination step of determining presence or absence of a damage of the wind turbine blade on the basis of the wavelength variation index calculated in the obtaining step,
wherein the wavelength variation index is a difference between a local maximum of the wavelength and a local minimum of the wavelength appearing in each rotation period of the wind turbine rotor.

US Pat. No. 10,167,851

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MONITORING AND CONTROLLING WIND TURBINES WITHIN A WIND FARM

General Electric Company,...

1. A system for monitoring and controlling the operation of wind turbines located within a wind farm, the system comprising:a first wind turbine located within the wind farm, the first wind turbine including a first turbine controller configured to monitor one or more operating parameters associated with the first wind turbine and provide a first control interface for controlling the operation of the first wind turbine, the first turbine controller including a processor and associated memory, the memory storing instructions that, when implemented by the processor, configure the first turbine controller to execute a first local supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) module; and
a second wind turbine located within the wind farm, the second wind turbine including a second turbine controller configured to monitor one or more operating parameters associated with the second wind turbine and provide a second control interface for controlling the operation of the second wind turbine, the second turbine controller including a processor and associated memory, the memory storing instructions that, when implemented by the processor, configure the second turbine controller to execute a second local SCADA module;
wherein:
the first turbine controller is configured to execute the first local SCADA module to access the second control interface and generate control commands for controlling the operation of the second wind turbine; and
the second turbine controller is configured to independently execute the second local SCADA module to access the first control interface and generate control commands for controlling the operation of the first wind turbine.

US Pat. No. 10,167,850

SYSTEMS, METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR IMPROVED ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS WITH SECURITY CONSTRAINED DYNAMIC DISPATCH FOR WIND POWER MANAGEMENT

SIEMENS INDUSTRY, INC., ...

1. A method of controlling an energy delivery system having a windfarm including a plurality of wind powered electric generators, and further having a plurality of non-wind powered electric generators, the method comprising:providing an energy management system (EMS) communicatively coupled to the plurality of non-wind powered electric generators and the plurality of wind powered electric generators, the EMS including a wind power management (WPM) system, the WPM system including a WPM application that includes a security constrained dynamic dispatch (SCDD) application;
receiving input data within the SCDD application, the input data including real time telemetry, schedule input data, and critical constraint data;
validating the input data for consistency to avoid infeasibilities, and to produce validated input data;
pre-processing the validated input data to determine a first set of parameters including a total generation amount to be dispatched and additional parameters;
formulating an optimization model based on the first set of parameters and one or more data structures storing the validated input data;
executing an optimization process on the optimization model to compute a solution;
post-processing the solution to determine economic basepoints for the windfarm and for the non-wind powered electric generators;
producing a setpoint for the windfarm, such that an amount of power from the wind powered electric generators that is put into the energy delivery system is maximized within a set of security constraints of the energy delivery system;
communicating the setpoint for the windfarm to a remote terminal unit at the windfarm;
operating the plurality of wind powered electric generators of the windfarm to generate power in accordance with the setpoint communicated to the remote terminal unit at the windfarm; and
transmitting the amount of power from the wind powered electric generators via the energy delivery system.

US Pat. No. 10,167,849

WIND TURBINE CONTROL USING SECONDARY CONTROLLER TO ADJUST WIND SPEED AND/OR DIRECTION INPUT VALUES

General Electric Company,...

1. A system for controlling a wind turbine, comprising:at least one sensor configured to provide a wind speed signal indicative of a wind speed experienced by the wind turbine;
a turbine controller configured to control the operation of the wind turbine;
a secondary controller inserted between the at least one sensor and the turbine controller, the secondary controller separated from the turbine controller by a distance, the secondary controller configured to receive the wind speed signal from the at least one sensor over a communication interface,
wherein the secondary controller is configured to adjust the wind speed signal based at least in part on a signal bias to an adjusted wind speed signal and to provide the adjusted wind speed signal to the turbine controller,
wherein the turbine controller actively controls the operation of the wind turbine based at least in part on the adjusted wind speed signal received from the secondary controller.

US Pat. No. 10,167,847

VERTICAL AXLE OR AXIS HELICALLY SWEPT BLADE WIND TURBINE

Per Mellin, Asensbruk, V...

1. A vertical axle helically swept blade wind turbine comprising:one or more uninterrupted helically swept blades, each blade stretching one or more full 360 degree turns around the vertical axis, in an overall tapered manner decreasing in diameter from the bottom of the axle to the top,
the bottom of the axle is also the base circle and the top of the axle is also the end of the axle,
the shape of each blade is flat on the major side facing upwards and airfoil shaped as a chord section on the opposite side;
several aerodynamically shaped beams or spokes connect the axle with the blade or blades,
the lower most base circle of the axle is a foundational toroid supporting the entire standalone device.

US Pat. No. 10,167,846

EDUCTION INDUSTRIAL POWER SYSTEM

US Wind Technology LLC, ...

1. A power plant, comprisinga power plant house defined by an upper bearing house, an eductor house below the upper bearing house and a lower bearing house below the eductor house;
a multi-floor eductor integrated with said power plant house, and extending from and beyond said power plant house, the multi-floor eductor including a wide wind intake distal from said power plant house, said wide wind intake being at least two times the width of said power plant house, and a narrower wind outlet disposed through a face of said power plant house distal from said wide wind intake, a constricted neck portion contained in said eductor house, each space between two adjacent floors of said multi-floor eductor and between two vertical side walls fixed to each floor for the length of the floor defining a wind channel, said floors outside said power plant house being parallel to one another;
a plurality of rotor-blade assemblies supported in said constricted neck portion of said multi-floor eductor between said wind intake and said wind outlet on the same, single, vertical-axis main rotor shaft, with each rotor-blade assembly of said plurality separated vertically from at least one other rotor-blade assembly by a floor of said multi-floor eductor; and
a generator vertically aligned with and directly connected to the vertical-axis main rotor shaft for generating power when said single main rotor shaft rotates.

US Pat. No. 10,167,844

LINEAR PELTON TURBINE

Natel Energy, Inc., Alam...

1. A linear turbine, comprising:a first shaft extending along a first axis;
a second shaft extending along a second axis, the second axis being separated from and substantially parallel to the first axis;
a first plurality of buckets to travel a first continuous path around the first shaft and the second shaft along a first plane, the first path including a first substantially linear path segment between the first axis and the second axis;
a nozzle inward from the first plane towards a centerline of the turbine, the nozzle configured to direct a first fluid jet outwards from the centerline of the turbine to contact the first plurality of buckets in the first linear path segment;
a second plurality of buckets to travel a second continuous path around the first shaft and the second shaft along a second plane, the second plane being substantially parallel to the first plane, the second path including a second substantially linear path segment between the first axis and the second axis,
wherein the nozzle is configured to direct a second fluid jet to contact the second plurality of buckets in the second linear path segment.

US Pat. No. 10,167,843

WAVE POWERED GENERATOR

Marine Power Systems Limi...

1. A generator for converting wave motion in a body of water to useful energy, the generator comprising:at least one energy capturing float which is movable in response to said wave motion;
a reaction member positioned below the energy capturing float and wholly submerged in the body of water;
a connector configured to connect said at least one energy capturing float to said reaction member and to define a vertical spacing between said energy capturing float and said reaction member;
an energy converter for converting relative movement between said reaction member and said at least one respective energy capturing float to the useful energy; and
a depth setting mechanism configured for setting the submerged depth of the reaction member in the body of water,
wherein the connector is of adjustable length configured to independently adjust the vertical spacing between the energy capturing float and the reaction member, and to adjust the depth of the energy capture float in the body of water, said adjustments being independent of the depth of the reaction member.

US Pat. No. 10,167,842

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE OPERATION OF A SUBMERSIBLE POWER PLANT

1. A method for controlling operation of a submersible power plant, the submersible power plant comprising a structure and a vehicle, the vehicle comprising at least one wing, the vehicle being arranged to be secured to the structure by means of at least one tether; the vehicle being arranged to move in a predetermined trajectory by means of a fluid stream passing the vehicle, wherein the vehicle comprises a pitch control system being arranged to change an angle of attack of the at least one wing, the method comprising:determining if a speed of the fluid passing the vehicle is higher than a predetermined value,
if the speed of the fluid passing the vehicle is higher than the predetermined value,Ia: starting the vehicle by adjusting the angle of attack of the at least one wing to reach operation depth of the vehicle, and initiate movement of the vehicle in a predetermined trajectory starting power generation, and;Ib: controlling the speed of the vehicle during power generation by adjusting the angle of attack of the at least one wing to optimize power output, and;Ic: stopping the vehicle by adjusting the angle of attack of the at least one wing such that a lift exerted on the wing by the fluid passing the vehicle is essentially zero, anddetermining if the vehicle has lost power,
if the vehicle has lost power,IVa: stopping the vehicle by adjusting the angle of attack of the at least one wing such that the lift exerted by the fluid passing the vehicle is essentially zero,IVb: determining that power has been restored to the vehicle,IVc: upon determining that power has been restored to the vehicle, adjusting the angle of attack of the at least wing to initiate movement of the vehicle in the predetermined trajectory starting power generation,and;if the speed of the fluid passing the vehicle is lower than the predetermined value,IIa: adjusting the angle of attack of the at least one wing to move to and/or to keep the vehicle in a position that enables the vehicle to start when the speed of the fluid passing the vehicle is determined to be higher than the predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,167,841

INTERNAL-COMBUSTION-ENGINE COMBUSTION STATE DETECTING APPARATUS

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An internal-combustion-engine combustion state detecting apparatus comprising:a circulation unit;
a circulation current control unit;
an ignition winding including a primary winding and a secondary winding magnetically coupled with the primary winding;
a power source apparatus that supplies the primary winding with an electric current;
a switch that is disposed between the primary winding and the power source apparatus and controls energization and de-energization of the electric current; and
an ion current detection apparatus that detects an ion current in a combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine, the ion current being generated by igniting, by a spark discharge produced by an ignition plug provided in the internal combustion engine, an inflammable fuel-air mixture provided in the combustion chamber;
wherein the ignition winding is configured so that when the switch is in a conduction state, the power source apparatus supplies the primary winding with an electric current that is accumulated in the primary winding as energy for producing the spark discharge, and so that when the switch is turned off while the power source apparatus is supplying the primary winding with the electric current, the electric current flowing in the primary winding is interrupted, generating a voltage in the secondary winding that causes the spark discharge in the ignition plug,
wherein based on the ion current detected by the ion current detection apparatus, a combustion state of the inflammable fuel-air mixture is detected, and
wherein the circulation unit is configured so that while the spark discharge is produced in the ignition plug, the primary winding is short-circuited and a circulation path including the primary winding is formed and the circulation current control unit is configured to control a circulation current flowing in the circulation path by adjusting the resistance component of the circulation path.

US Pat. No. 10,167,840

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING IGNITION TIMING OF ENGINE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for controlling an ignition timing of an engine, the apparatus comprising:a storage configured for storing a map table in which correction torques are recorded;
a receiver configured for receiving first atmospheric information corresponding to a current position of a vehicle;
a detector configured for measuring second atmospheric information corresponding to the current position of the vehicle; and
a controller configured for detecting a corresponding correction torque from the map table on a basis of the first atmospheric information and the second atmospheric information, correcting a required torque using the detected correction torque, and controlling the ignition timing of the engine on a basis of the corrected required torque.

US Pat. No. 10,167,839

IGNITION CONTROL DEVICE AND IGNITION CONTROL METHOD FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. An ignition control device for an internal combustion engine comprising:a spark plug that includes a first electrode and a second electrode disposed so as to oppose each other via a gap, and generates a spark discharge in the gap in order to ignite a combustible air-fuel mixture existing in a combustion chamber of the internal combustion engine;
an ignition coil that includes a plurality of sets of a primary coil and a secondary coil, generates a high voltage in the secondary coil by energizing or interrupting a primary current supplied to the primary coil, and applies the generated high voltage to the first electrode; and
a control unit that, in a case where a plurality of the primary coils are driven during a single ignition process, temporarily stops energization of a primary current supplied to a second primary coil when a primary current supplied to a first primary coil is interrupted, and re-energizes the primary current supplied to the second primary coil following the elapse of an energization stoppage period.

US Pat. No. 10,167,838

ENGINE CONTROL APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. An engine control apparatus for use with a system equipped with an engine and an engine starter, the engine starter including: (i) an electrical motor which is electrically energized to produce torque, (ii) a pinion gear to which the torque, as produced by the electrical motor, is transmitted, and (iii) a pinion shifter which thrusts the pinion gear to a location where the pinion gear is engageable with a ring gear coupled with a crankshaft of the engine, the engine control apparatus comprising:an electronic control unit configured to:
determine a pulsation parameter that represents one of: a rotational speed of the engine, and a quantity of intake air delivered to a combustion chamber of the engine;
control the pinion shifter to move the pinion gear into engagement with the ring gear and then rotate the electrical motor to crank the engine; and
determine and set a cranking terminating time of the engine starter based on the pulsation parameter, the cranking terminating time of the engine starter being when cranking of the engine starter is terminated.

US Pat. No. 10,167,837

MOBILE TELEPHONE FOR REMOTE OPERATION

1. A method for operating a remote keyless system installed on an automobile, the method comprising:executing a first executable program on a first mobile telephone, the executing of the first executable program enabling said first mobile telephone to passively communicate with said remote keyless system to control a first group of functions of said remote keyless system when execution of said first executable program is automatically detected proximate to said remote keyless system, and
executing a second executable program on a second mobile telephone different that the first mobile telephone, the executing of the second executable program enabling said second mobile telephone to passively communicate with said remote keyless system to control a second group of functions of said remote keyless system when execution of said second executable program is automatically detected proximate to said remote keyless system and simultaneous with the detection of said execution of said first executable program, wherein said second group of functions comprises one or more, but less than all, of said first group of functions;
wherein said first group of functions comprises door lock, door unlock and remote start, and wherein said second group of functions comprises door lock and door unlock but not remote start.

US Pat. No. 10,167,836

DRIVER INITIATED REMOTE ENGINE START FOR VEHICLE PRECONDITIONING HAVING BATTERY CHARGE MAINTENANCE PRIORITY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:remotely starting an engine of a vehicle;
adjusting apportionment of battery charging versus vehicle preconditioning based on a charge level of a battery of the vehicle; and
charging the battery with energy from the engine apportioned for battery charging and preconditioning the vehicle with energy from the engine apportioned for vehicle preconditioning.

US Pat. No. 10,167,835

HYDROSTATIC DRIVE SYSTEM

1. A hydrostatic drive system of a mobile machine, comprising:a hydraulic work system, and
a hydraulic work pump that is driven by an internal combustion engine and, when operated as a pump, takes in hydraulic fluid with a suction side from a tank and, with a delivery side, delivers into a delivery line that leads to the hydraulic work system,
wherein a hydraulic start-stop function is provided to start the internal combustion engine when shut-off in which the hydraulic work pump is operated as a motor,
wherein, in a motor operation, the hydraulic work pump is driven by hydraulic fluid that is supplied from a hydraulic accumulator to the suction side of the hydraulic work pump,
wherein a bypass valve is provided wherein, when the hydraulic work pump is operated as a motor to start the shut-off internal combustion engine, the bypass valve is configured to actuate into an open position that connects the delivery side of the hydraulic work pump with the tank to divert, to the tank, a volume flow delivered by the hydraulic work pump operated as a motor, and
wherein, during the starting process of the internal combustion engine, the bypass valve is configured to actuate into a closed position in which the bypass valve shuts off the delivery side of the hydraulic work pump with the tank, before an idle speed of the internal combustion engine is reached.

US Pat. No. 10,167,834

HIGH-PRESSURE FUEL PUMP INCLUDING A DISCHARGE VALVE WITH A VALVE BALL AND A VALVE BODY

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A high-pressure fuel pump, comprising:a discharge valve that includes:
a valve ball; and
a valve body that includes:
a sealing section on which a sealing seat is present, and
a guide section in which the valve ball is guided;
wherein:
the guide section includes a plurality of axially protruding webs between which first flow paths are formed; and
an opening, which faces radially outwardly, is present between two adjacent ones of the webs.

US Pat. No. 10,167,833

ROLLER LIFTER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME

OTICS CORPORATION, Nishi...

1. A method of manufacturing a roller lifter that comprises:a lifter body having a cylindrical peripheral wall, the peripheral wall having an outer periphery formed with a sliding surface configured to be slid on an inner wall of a cylinder, and
a roller rotatably mounted on the lifter body via a shaft member and configured to be brought into contact with a cam,
wherein the lifter body has a rotation stopper formed in a part of the peripheral wall so as to protrude outward, together with a through hole, and an opening formed in another part of the peripheral wall, said another part is radially opposed to the rotation stopper, the opening being open so that the rotation stopper oppositely faces the opening; and
wherein an upper end of the through hole and an upper end of the opening are arranged radially coaxially with each other at a same level;
wherein a receiving mold having a window is inserted inside the peripheral wall and set so as to abut against an inner periphery of the peripheral wall, and subsequently, an opening forming punch member which is radially movable is moved through the peripheral wall to be inserted into the window of the receiving mold, whereby the opening is formed, and
wherein in forming the rotation stopper and the through hole, a rotation stopper forming punch member which is radially movable is moved inside the peripheral wall through the opening thereby to press a part of the peripheral wall outward.

US Pat. No. 10,167,832

SOLENOID HAVING SELECTIVE LATCH FOR SOLENOID-ACTUATED VALVE

BorgWarner Inc., Auburn ...

1. A solenoid for a solenoid-actuated valve, said solenoid comprising:a coil;
a flux tube and a pole piece disposed axially from said flux tube and encircled by said coil;
a movable armature disposed in said flux tube and said pole piece; and
a latch disposed between said flux tube and said pole piece to selectively latch said armature into at least one position; and
wherein said latch comprises a flexible spring finger for latching on said armature.

US Pat. No. 10,167,831

ACCUMULATOR CENTERING MECHANISM

Caterpillar Inc., Deerfi...

1. An accumulator body for an accumulator assembly in an engine assembly of a machine, where the engine assembly further includes a fuel injector having a high pressure fluid inlet port, and a cylinder head having a fuel injector bore surface defining a fuel injector bore in which the fuel injector is disposed, and an accumulator bore surface defining an accumulator bore having an accumulator bore inner diameter and an accumulator bore longitudinal axis and intersecting the fuel injector bore at a bore intersection area at which the high pressure fluid inlet port is aligned, the accumulator body comprising:an injector interface end dimensioned to be received by the high pressure fluid inlet port of the fuel injector;
an accumulator body outer surface having a shape that is complimentary to the accumulator bore surface, an accumulator body longitudinal axis and an accumulator body outer diameter that is less than the accumulator bore inner diameter so that the accumulator bore surface and the accumulator body outer surface define an annular gap there between when the accumulator body is disposed within the accumulator bore and the accumulator body longitudinal axis is aligned coincident with the accumulator bore longitudinal axis;
an alignment groove surface defining an alignment groove in the accumulator body outer surface having an alignment groove depth that is radially inward from the accumulator body outer surface and an alignment groove longitudinal width; and
a first fluid flow channel surface defining a first fluid flow channel in the accumulator body that is disposed at the alignment groove, the first fluid flow channel having a fluid flow channel depth that is radially inward from the accumulator body outer surface and is greater than the alignment groove depth, and a fluid flow channel longitudinal length that is at least equal to the alignment groove longitudinal width, wherein, when an annular seal member is disposed on the accumulator body and within the alignment groove and the accumulator body is disposed within the accumulator bore, a seal outer edge surface engages the accumulator bore surface to align the accumulator body within the accumulator bore, a seal inner edge surface engages the alignment groove surface at locations other than the at the first fluid flow channel to prevent fluid flow between the seal inner edge surface and the alignment groove surface, and the seal inner edge surface does not engage the first fluid flow channel surface to allow fluid in the annular gap to flow past the seal member between the seal inner edge surface and the first fluid flow channel surface.

US Pat. No. 10,167,830

FUEL RAIL ASSEMBLY FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A fuel rail assembly for an internal combustion engine, the assembly comprising:an elongated tubular fuel rail; and
a plurality of fuel delivery lines branching off from the fuel rail for hydraulically coupling the fuel rail to fuel injectors operable to inject fuel into the combustion engine;
an injector cup for receiving a fuel inlet portion of a respective one of the fuel injectors;
a pipe arranged between the fuel rail and the injector cup for hydraulically coupling the injector cup to the fuel rail; and
a fixation bracket configured for positionally fixing the fuel delivery line with respect to the engine, the fixation bracket comprising a receptacle bore for receiving a fixation element to fix the fixation bracket rigidly to the internal combustion engine;
wherein the injector cup, the pipe, and the fixation bracket are individual parts;
a rigid connection is established between the fixation bracket and a portion of the pipe, said portion spaced apart from each of the fuel rail and from the injector cup; and
the fixation bracket is a one-pieced part which adjoins the pipe and is spaced apart from the injector cup and the fuel rail;
wherein the receptacle bore has a non-circular cross-section to allow positioning the pipe at a multiplicity of positions with respect to the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 10,167,829

FUEL HEATING DEVICE FOR VEHICLE AND METHOD THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A fuel heating device for a vehicle, comprising:a start sensor detecting a starting of the vehicle;
a controller area network (CAN) communication device performing communication of various signals with an engine control device;
a resistance sensor measuring a resistance of a heater provided inside an injector; and
a controller controlling the resistance sensor to measure the resistance of the heater when the starting of the vehicle is detected when a failure of the communication occurs in the CAN communication device, converting the measured resistance of the heater into a temperature of a fuel, and operating the heater to heat the fuel to a reference temperature when the converted temperature is lower than or equal to a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,167,828

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. An internal combustion engine for a vehicle, comprising:an engine main body having an intake side disposed on a front side of the vehicle;
an intake manifold including a plurality of branch pipes extending from first ends attached to the intake side of the engine main body to second ends in a forward and upward direction along an arcuate path, an intake chamber member connected to the second ends of the branch pipes and elongated in a lateral direction of the vehicle and a trunk pipe extending from the intake chamber member in the lateral direction;
a fuel delivery pipe disposed between the intake side of the engine main body and the branch pipes and extending in the lateral direction;
a first support member connected to one end portion of the intake chamber member with respect to the lateral direction and the engine main body; and
a second support member connected to another end portion of the intake chamber member remote from the one end portion with respect to the lateral direction and the engine main body.

US Pat. No. 10,167,827

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR USING A SINGLE INTAKE MANIFOLD ON DIFFERENT SIZES OF V-STYLE MOTORCYCLE ENGINE CYLINDERS

MIDWEST MOTORCYCLE SUPPLY...

1. A method comprising:manufacturing a first cylinder of a first length, the first cylinder having a cylinder bore centerline;
manufacturing a first cylinder head that is adapted and configured to mount to the first cylinder, the first cylinder head having a intake manifold port, the intake manifold port being manufactured and designed to be a first offset distance from the cylinder bore centerline of the first cylinder when the first cylinder head is mounted thereto;
manufacturing a second cylinder of a second length, the second length being designed to be larger than the first length, the second cylinder having a cylinder bore centerline;
manufacturing a second cylinder head that is adapted and configured to mount to the second cylinder, the second cylinder head having a intake manifold port, the intake manifold port of the second cylinder head being manufactured and designed to be a second offset distance from the cylinder bore centerline of the second cylinder when the second cylinder head is mounted thereto, the second offset distance being designed to be greater than the first offset distance and yet such that a common size intake manifold can be used with either of the first or second cylinders.

US Pat. No. 10,167,826

BIDIRECTIONAL VALVED ASPIRATOR FOR SURGE CONTROL AND VACUUM GENERATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An engine system, comprising:an aspirator coupling an inlet of a compressor with an intake manifold and comprising a first entraining port coupling an ambient side of the aspirator with a vacuum source and a second entraining port coupling a manifold side of the aspirator with the vacuum source, the first entraining port counter sunk relative to a nominal slope of the aspirator; and
a radial-flow aspirator shut-off valve in series with the aspirator.

US Pat. No. 10,167,823

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INDICATING CANISTER PURGE VALVE DEGRADATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:monitoring a fuel vapor loading state of an adsorbent material positioned in an engine air intake while fuel is being added to a fuel tank that supplies fuel to a vehicle engine; and
responsive to an indication that an increase in the fuel vapor loading state is greater than a first predetermined threshold but less than a second predetermined threshold:
indicating a canister purge valve configured to seal the fuel tank from an intake manifold is degraded, and not actively purging the adsorbent material; and
responsive to an indication that an increase in the fuel vapor loading state is greater than the first predetermined threshold and greater than the second predetermined threshold:
indicating the canister purge valve configured to seal the fuel tank from the intake manifold is degraded, and actively purging the adsorbent material.

US Pat. No. 10,167,822

DUAL FUEL REFUELING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for supplying a liquid fuel and a gaseous fuel to an internal combustion engine, the system comprising:one or more cylinders each associated with one or more fuel injectors;
a fuel tank storing both the liquid fuel and the gaseous fuel, the fuel tank fluidly coupled to the one or more fuel injectors; and
a controller including instructions executable to:
allow the liquid fuel to be supplied to the fuel tank only if a pressure in the fuel tank is less than a threshold pressure; and
disallow the liquid fuel to be supplied to the fuel tank if the pressure in the fuel tank is greater than the threshold pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,167,821

ENGINE SYSTEM HAVING EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE ENGINE SYSTEM HAVING EXHAUST GAS RECIRCULATION APPARATUS

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An engine system having an exhaust gas recirculation apparatus, the engine system comprising:an engine including a plurality of combustion chambers that generates a driving power by combusting fuel;
an intake line into which intake gas to be supplied into the combustion chamber flows;
an exhaust line through which exhaust gas discharged from the combustion chamber flows;
a turbocharger including a turbine provided in the exhaust line and rotated by exhaust gas discharged from the combustion chamber, and a compressor provided in the intake line and rotated in conjunction with the rotation of the turbine and compressing outside air;
an EGR apparatus including an EGR line that branches off from the exhaust line at a rear end of the turbocharger and merges into the intake line, and an EGR cooler disposed in the EGR line for cooling exhaust gas flowing through the EGR line;
a waste gate valve installed in an exhaust bypass line, which branches off from a front end of the turbine and merges into a rear end of the turbine, and adjusts an amount of exhaust gas flowing into the turbine;
a recirculation valve installed in an intake bypass line, which branches off the intake line at a front end of the engine and merges into the intake line at a front end of the compressor, and supplies a part of the intake gas, which is compressed by the turbocharger, into the intake line at the front end of the compressor, and
a controller which controls operations of the turbocharger, the waste gate valve, the EGR valve and the recirculation valve,
wherein the controller adjusts an opening degree of the waste gate valve, the recirculation valve and the EGR valve based on an operation region in which the turbocharger operates,
wherein in the operation region in which the turbocharger does not operate, the controller does not fully open the waste gate valve but opens the waste gate valve to the extent that no boost pressure is generated by the turbocharger such that an opening degree of the waste gate valve is equal to or higher than a preset value, and the controller adjusts an EGR ratio of intake gas, which is supplied into the combustion chamber through the intake line, by adjusting opening degrees of the EGR valve and the recirculation valve, and
wherein in the operation region in which the turbocharger operates, the controller controls an opening degree of the waste gate valve based on a desired boost pressure, controls the recirculation valve to be closed and adjusts an EGR ratio by adjusting an opening degree of the EGR valve.

US Pat. No. 10,167,820

FUEL TANK SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A fuel tank system, comprising:a fuel tank that internally stores fuel;
a canister in which vaporized fuel generated in the fuel tank is adsorbed and desorbed by an adsorbent, and that is open to the atmosphere by an atmosphere communication pipe;
a purging pipe that places an engine in communication with the canister;
a vent pipe that places the fuel tank in communication with the canister;
a negative pressure pump that is provided at the atmosphere communication pipe, and that causes negative pressure to act on the fuel tank from the canister;
a negative pressure open/close valve that is provided at the vent pipe, that maintains an open state at a pressure difference between a negative pump pressure acting from the negative pressure pump and a tank internal pressure acting from the fuel tank, and that closes at a pressure difference between a negative purging pressure acting from the engine and the tank internal pressure acting from the fuel tank, the negative pressure open/close valve switching between the open state and the closed state by virtue of a valve body of the negative pressure open/close valve being acted on by a pressure difference between pressure acting on a canister side of the vent pipe and pressure acting on a fuel tank side of the vent pipe;
a tank internal pressure sensor that detects the tank internal pressure of the fuel tank; and
a control device that controls driving of the negative pressure pump, and that uses changes in the tank internal pressure detected by the tank internal pressure sensor to detect perforations in a section spanning from the negative pressure pump, through the canister and the vent pipe, up to the fuel tank,
wherein the negative pressure open/close valve comprises:
the valve body, the valve body moving between a closed position preventing movement of gas in the vent pipe and an open position enabling movement of gas in the vent pipe; and
a valve body biasing spring causing a biasing force in a direction of movement of the valve body toward the open position to act on the valve body,
wherein the biasing force of the valve body biasing spring is set so as to maintain the valve body in the open position at the pressure difference between the negative purging pressure acting on the valve body from the negative pressure pump and the tank internal pressure acting on the valve body from the fuel tank, and to move the valve body to the closed position at the pressure difference between the negative purging pressure acting on the valve body from the engine and the tank internal pressure acting on the valve body from the fuel tank.

US Pat. No. 10,167,819

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR ENGINE WATER INJECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:adjusting an amount of water injection into an engine responsive to a torque ratio at a current spark timing relative to a torque ratio at borderline knock, and further based on sensed humidity in an engine intake manifold.

US Pat. No. 10,167,818

MANAGING FUEL OIL MIXTURE IN ENGINES

International Business Ma...

1. A system for determining a fuel to oil mixture ratio comprising:a computing tool having:
a memory, and
a processor device communicatively coupled to the memory;
the processor device is configured to:
select a fuel to oil ratio of a first motor for a fuel and oil mixture,
calculate a combined viscosity of the fuel and oil mixture,
determine a predetermined range of the fuel to oil ratio and wherein the fuel is ignited by a spark plug in the first motor; and
a measurement tool that is communicatively coupled to the computing tool and configured to:
measure a measured viscosity of the fuel to oil mixture within a fuel tank; and
a graphical user interface configured to:
alert a user through the graphical user interface that the measured viscosity of the ratio of the fuel to oil mixture does not correspond with the predetermined range.

US Pat. No. 10,167,817

COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS INJECTOR

DONGBANGTECH CO., LTD., ...

1. A compressed natural gas injector, the compressed natural gas injector comprising:a housing provided at a fuel supply pipe of an engine;
a needle valve provided at a lower portion of the housing, and having an injection nozzle;
a solenoid having a coil provided in the housing and generating a magnetomotive force by receiving power, and a core generating an attraction force due to the magnetomotive force;
a reciprocating plunger provided below the solenoid; and
an elastic member placed on the reciprocating plunger and including a contact portion provided in parallel to a lower surface of the core, and a protruding portion inclinedly protruding upwards and outwards from the contact portion.

US Pat. No. 10,167,815

THRUST REVERSER OF A TURBOFAN POD COMPRISING A SINGLE CONTROL FOR MOVABLE COWLINGS AND A VARIABLE NOZZLE

1. A thrust reverser of a bypass turbojet engine nacelle comprising:movable cowls which move backwards relative to a front fixed structure in order to uncover fixed or movable cascade vanes of the thrust reverser;
a variable section secondary nozzle connected to the movable cowls by axial guide rails;
cylinders mounted on the fixed front structure in order to effect a controlled axial displacement of both the movable cowls and the secondary nozzle, wherein the cylinders are directly connected to the secondary nozzle; and
locks positioned on and moving with the movable cowls, each one of the locks comprising two positions, controlled by an actuator, causing alternately a locking onto the front fixed structure or a locking onto a control member of the secondary nozzle.

US Pat. No. 10,167,813

GAS TURBINE ENGINE WITH FAN VARIABLE AREA NOZZLE TO REDUCE FAN INSTABILITY

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A nacelle assembly for a high-bypass gas turbine engine comprising:a core nacelle defined about an engine centerline axis;
a fan nacelle mounted at least partially around said core nacelle to define a fan bypass flow path for a fan bypass airflow;
a fan variable area nozzle movable relative said fan nacelle to vary a fan nozzle exit area, wherein the fan variable area nozzle includes a first section and a second section movable axially relative to the first section and an auxiliary port between the first section and the second section for changing the effective area of the fan nozzle, wherein the auxiliary port provides an opening through the fan nacelle forward of the fan nozzle exit area; and
a controller operable to control said fan variable area nozzle to vary the fan nozzle exit area and adjust a fan pressure ratio of the fan bypass airflow to reduce a fan instability during engine operation.

US Pat. No. 10,167,812

RADIATION THERMAL ABSORBER BASED ON CHARACTERISTIC ABSORPTION SPECTRUM, AND STIRLING ENGINE AND OPERATION METHOD THEREOF

Zhejiang University, Han...

1. A radiation thermal absorber based on characteristic absorption spectrum, comprising:a heater base,
a radiation energy conversion device positioned on an upper end of the heater base and of an expansion chamber of a Stirling engine,
heating tubes,
a combustion chamber located around the heating tubes and providing heat needed by the heating tubes, and
valves connected to the heating tubes and to the heater base, wherein the heater base has a first pore structure, a second pore structure, and a third pore structure, the second pore structure is positioned on a connection place between the heater base and the expansion chamber, the first pore structure is positioned on a connection place between the heater base and a regenerator, and the third pore structure is positioned on a connection place between the expansion chamber and the regenerator and is close to an upper surface of the heater base,
wherein the radiation energy conversion device is made from semiconductor or metal, and includes a radiation receiver, an intermediate layer and a radiation emitter, the radiation receiver absorbs concentrated solar radiation and converts the concentrated solar radiation into thermal energy, the intermediate layer transports the thermal energy to the radiation emitter, and the radiation emitter emits radiant energy distributed in a vicinity of a characteristic absorption peak of a working gas to heat the working gas in the expansion chamber directly; and wherein the radiant energy distributed in the vicinity of the characteristic absorption peak of the working gas has a same center wavelength of radiation spectrum with the characteristic absorption peak of the working gas, and has a narrower spectral line width than that of the characteristic absorption peak of the working gas.

US Pat. No. 10,167,810

ENGINE ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A cylinder head, comprising:a portion of a first combustion chamber; and
a lower coolant jacket portion adjacent to the portion of the first combustion chamber, the lower coolant jacket portion including a first coolant passage, a second coolant passage and a recess between the first coolant passage and the second coolant passage;
wherein the first coolant passage, the second coolant passage, and the recess lay along a lateral axis, at least a portion of the first coolant passage separated from the second coolant passage via first and second walls; and
wherein the recess is between the first coolant passage and the second coolant passage along the lateral axis and is formed by the first and second walls.

US Pat. No. 10,167,809

MULTI-PULSE FUEL INJECTION SYSTEM AND CONTROL LOGIC FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE ASSEMBLIES

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for operating a fuel injection system of an internal combustion engine (ICE) assembly, the ICE assembly including multiple cylinders each with a respective piston reciprocally movable therein, and multiple fuel injectors each operable to inject multiple pulses of fuel per combustion cycle into a respective one of the cylinders, the method comprising:transmitting, via a vehicle controller to the fuel injectors, a first command signal to inject a first pilot quantity of fuel (QP1) for each combustion cycle in a series of combustion cycles;
transmitting, via the vehicle controller to the fuel injectors, a second command signal to inject a second pilot quantity of fuel (QP2), distinct from the QP1, after a first dwell time (TD1) between QP1 and QP2 for each of the combustion cycles in the series of combustion cycles;
transmitting, via the vehicle controller to the fuel injectors, a third command signal to inject a third pilot quantity of fuel (QP3), greater than the QP1 and QP2, after a second dwell time (TD2) between QP2 and QP3 for each of the combustion cycles; and
transmitting, via the vehicle controller to the fuel injectors, a fourth command signal to inject a fourth pilot quantity of fuel (QP4), less than the QP3, after a third dwell time (TD3) between QP3 and QP4 for each of the combustion cycles.

US Pat. No. 10,167,808

CORRECTION OF AN INJECTED QUANTITY OF FUEL

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for controlling an internal combustion engine of a motor vehicle having an induction system, an exhaust system, and an exhaust gas recirculation system, wherein, via the exhaust gas recirculation system, a part of an exhaust gas mass flow that is produced by the internal combustion engine is branched off from the exhaust system, is recirculated into an induction plenum chamber of the induction system, and is introduced from there into the internal combustion engine, the method comprising:providing a target ratio between a component of a combusted mass of gas in the induction system (fman) and a concentration of oxides of nitrogen molecules (CNOx);
calculating a target value of a CNOx working point based on a fman actual value and a corresponding quantity of fuel injected;
providing an actual value of CNOx;
performing a comparison between the provided actual value and the target value of CNOx; and
correcting an existing deviation of the actual value of CNOx by adjusting to the corresponding target value by increasing or reducing the quantity of fuel injected.

US Pat. No. 10,167,806

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR CENTRAL FUEL INJECTION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:estimating an oxygen content of an exhaust catalyst immediately after a fuel shut-off event; and
adjusting a first portion of fuel delivered to an engine via manifold injection relative to a second portion of fuel delivered to the engine via one or more of port and direct injection based on the estimated oxygen content of the exhaust catalyst.

US Pat. No. 10,167,805

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR TRANSMITTING A SENSOR SIGNAL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method of transmitting a sensor signal, comprising:sensing, using a sensor element, a combustion-chamber pressure in at least one cylinder of an internal combustion engine;
generating, by the sensor element, an analog electrical sensor signal, the sensor signal corresponding to the sensed pressure and being transmitted to a control unit for controlling the internal combustion engine;
converting the analog electrical sensor signal into a converted signal with a system for signal conversion;
transmitting the converted signal to the control unit; and
controlling the internal combustion engine using the converted signal;
wherein the converted signal is generated based on the sensor signal, which is temporally shifted in such a way that in at least one time range, allocated to a low-pressure loop, the signal is replaced with a signal that is allocated to a time range of a preceding high-pressure loop.

US Pat. No. 10,167,804

SYSTEM AND METHODS FOR CBV DIAGNOSTICS

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for diagnosing a continuously variable compressor bypass valve of an engine, comprising:adjusting the continuously variable compressor bypass valve responsive to operating conditions of the engine; and
indicating degradation of the compressor bypass valve coupled in a compressor bypass based on intake aircharge temperature being different then a threshold temperature measured upstream of a compressor inlet, and changing engine operating parameters due to the indication.

US Pat. No. 10,167,803

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PERFORMING PROGNOSIS OF FUEL DELIVERY

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. An engine comprisinga plurality of combustion cylinders configured to burn a fuel to power the engine;
a plurality of fuel injectors, each arranged to deliver fuel from a fuel tank to one of the plurality of combustion cylinders; and
a controller programmed to
adjust a fuel trim signal gain based on sensing exhaust flow downstream of the combustion cylinders,
monitor a cumulative misfire count for each of the plurality of combustion cylinders, and
issue a prognosis message identifying a state of health of at least one of the plurality of fuel injectors in response to a fuel trim signal gain exceeding an adjustment threshold and a cumulative misfire count greater than a misfire threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,167,802

METHOD FOR INJECTION VALVES

CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE GM...

1. A method for operating an internal combustion engine with one or more injection valves having nozzle needles activated by a respective piezo actuator, the method comprising:actuating a particular piezo actuator in a pulse-width-modulated manner;
recording the T on and/or T off switching times of the pulse-width-modulated piezo output stage of the particular piezo actuator;
evaluating the recorded switching times to derive a position of the nozzle needle of the injection valve associated with the particular piezo actuator; and
using the derived positions to control actuation of the particular piezo actuator during operation of the internal combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 10,167,801

NVH MANAGEMENT SYSTEM BASED ON FLOOR VIBRATION FOR VEHICLE AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A system for managing noise, vibration and harshness (NVH) based on floor vibration for a vehicle, the system comprising:a vibration sensor, which is disposed on a floor of the vehicle and is configured to detect a vibration value thereof;
a control module, which controls an operation of a vibration generating device of the vehicle in response to the vibration value detected by the vibration sensor; and
a display module, which is configured to receive a message and to display information,
wherein when the vibration value detected by the vibration sensor exceeds a predetermined first threshold value, the control module is configured to decrease the vibration by adjusting a driving parameter of the vibration generating device of the vehicle, and
wherein when the vibration value detected by the vibration sensor exceeds a predetermined second threshold value, the control module is configured to generate and output a notice message including information inducing a check of an NVH system and to transmit the notice message to the display module.

US Pat. No. 10,167,800

HARDWARE NODE HAVING A MATRIX VECTOR UNIT WITH BLOCK-FLOATING POINT PROCESSING

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system comprising:an input message processor configured to process incoming messages, wherein the input message processor is further configured to split the incoming messages into a first set of messages and a second set of messages;
a scalar processor configured to process the first set of messages; and
a neural function unit configured to process instructions placed in a plurality of queues by the scalar processor on input data received at least via the second set of messages, the neural function unit comprising:
a pipeline configured to process instructions, the pipeline including a matrix vector unit, a first multifunction unit, wherein the first multifunction unit is connected to receive an input from the matrix vector unit, a second multifunction unit, wherein the second multifunction unit is connected to receive an output from the first multifunction unit, and a third multifunction unit, wherein the third multifunction unit is connected to receive an output from the second multifunction unit, and wherein the matrix vector unit is further configured to:
receive training vector data corresponding to at least one layer of a neural network model for processing using the matrix vector unit, wherein each of the training vector data has a value represented in a format comprising at least one exponent, and
first process a first subset of the training vector data to determine a first shared exponent for representing values in the first subset of the training vector data in a block-floating point format and second process a second subset of the training vector data to determine a second shared exponent for representing values in the second subset of the training vector data in a block-floating point format, wherein the processor is further configured to determine the first shared exponent and the second shared exponent in a manner that no vector data from the second subset of the training vector data influences a determination of the first shared exponent and no vector data from the first subset of the training vector data influences a determination of the second shared exponent.

US Pat. No. 10,167,798

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING ACCELERATION OF A MARINE VESSEL

Brunswick Corporation, M...

1. A method for controlling acceleration of a marine vessel having at least one engine, the method comprising:receiving a ramp value and an overshoot value;
determining an acceleration illustration curve based on the ramp value and the overshoot value, wherein the acceleration illustration curve visually represents engine RPM values or vessel speed values over time for accelerating the marine vessel to a desired cruising speed;
displaying a graph containing the acceleration illustration curve on a user interface display, wherein the graph visually correlates the ramp value and the overshoot value to the acceleration illustration curve;
receiving a user input adjusting the ramp value and/or the overshoot value;
determining an adjusted ramp value and/or an adjusted overshoot value based on the user input;
redetermining the acceleration illustration curve based on the adjusted ramp value and/or the adjusted overshoot value;
updating the graph based on the redetermined acceleration illustration curve; and
communicating a launch profile to an engine control module based on at least the adjusted ramp value and/or the adjusted overshoot value to cause acceleration of the at least one engine based on the launch profile.

US Pat. No. 10,167,797

CONTROL SYSTEM OF ENGINE

Mazda Motor Corporation, ...

1. A control system of an engine, the control system controlling, by using a tumble flow, a behavior of fuel that is directly injected into a combustion chamber formed inside a cylinder of the engine, the control system comprising:a fuel injector for directly injecting the fuel into the combustion chamber;
an intake port configured to generate the tumble flow within the combustion chamber; and
a processor configured to:
control an ignition plug of the engine to ignite after a top dead center on compression stroke of the cylinder in a cold state of the engine; and
control the fuel injector to inject the fuel in a three-stage injection at an intake-stroke injection timing designed to be on intake stroke of the cylinder, a compression-stroke-early-half injection timing designed to be in an early half of the compression stroke, and a compression-stroke-latter-half injection timing designed to be in a latter half of the compression stroke,
wherein the processor controls the fuel injector to inject the fuel toward a vortex center of the tumble flow above an anti-injector-side inclined surface of a crown surface of the combustion chamber at the compression-stroke-early-half injection timing.

US Pat. No. 10,167,796

GASOLINE PARTICULATE FILTER REGENERATION STRATEGY

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of regenerating a gas particulate filter in a motor vehicle comprising the steps of:determining a pressure drop through a gas particulate filter to determine a necessity of regeneration,
determining a soot level in the gas particulate filter from the pressure drop,
determining if a soot level in the gas particulate filter is above a first predetermined value and providing a first driver information message,
determining if a soot level in the gas particulate filter is above a second, higher predetermined value and providing a second driver information message,
determining a temperature of inlet gasses to the gas particulate filter, adjusting at least one of a first set of engine operating parameters if the temperature is below a threshold temperature to increase the temperature,
adjusting a second set of engine operating parameters if the temperature is above a threshold temperature to burn particulates in the particulate filter, and
continuing to operate under the second set of engine operating parameters until a predetermined condition is met.

US Pat. No. 10,167,795

EXHAUST GAS TREATMENT SYSTEM WARM-UP METHODS

1. A method for warming up a vehicle exhaust treatment system prior to an engine start, wherein the vehicle includes an internal combustion engine (ICE), a supercharger capable of delivering air from an upstream side to an ICE air intake, an exhaust gas treatment system configured to accept exhaust gas from an ICE exhaust manifold and including an exhaust gas treatment device and an electric heating device disposed upstream from the exhaust gas treatment device, and a high pressure exhaust gas recirculation (HPEGR) valve capable of controlling fluid communication between a first position downstream from the ICE exhaust manifold and upstream from the electric heating device and a second position downstream from the supercharger and upstream from the ICE air intake, the method comprising:establishing fluid communication between the supercharger and the exhaust gas treatment system via the HPEGR valve;
engaging the supercharger to communicate air to the exhaust gas treatment system via the HPEGR valve; and
engaging the upstream electric heating device such that heat generated by the electric heating device is distributed to the exhaust gas treatment system.

US Pat. No. 10,167,794

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CONTROLLING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND/OR AN EXHAUST AFTER TREATMENT DEVICE OF A VEHICLE, VEHICLE WITH SUCH A SYSTEM, AS WELL AS COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR CARRYING OUT SUCH A METHOD AND CONTROL UNIT WITH SUCH A COMPUTER PRO

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for controlling at least one of an internal combustion engine and an exhaust gas aftertreatment device of a vehicle comprising:assigning at least one countermeasure to each of a plurality of exhaust gas components emitted by the internal combustion engine, each countermeasure controlling at least one of the internal combustion engine and the exhaust gas aftertreatment device;
determining a driving state of the vehicle using at least one driving state detector;
generating driving state signals based on the determined driving state;
determining an emission value of each of a plurality of exhaust gas components emitted by the internal combustion engine based on the driving state signals and a computer model stored in a control unit;
comparing each of the determined emission values to a predefined emission limit for the corresponding one of the plurality of exhaust gas components with the control unit; and
activating, by the control unit, at least one countermeasure assigned to a respective exhaust gas component when the determined emission values exceed the predefined emission limits for the respective exhaust gas component such that the determined emission values are reduced until they lie below the predefined emission limits, wherein when more than one of the plurality of exhaust gas components exceed their respective predefined emission limits, the control unit is further configured to stagger the countermeasures by starting a next countermeasure when a previous countermeasure is fully exhausted.

US Pat. No. 10,167,793

EXHAUST-GAS-TURBOCHARGED INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE WITH PARTIAL DEACTIVATION AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

16. A cylinder deactivation method for an engine having a first cylinder group and a second cylinder group, comprising:receiving input from one or more sensors to a controller;
deactivating one or more cylinders of the second cylinder group via the controller while operating the engine in a first speed-load region, and adjusting exhaust valve timing of one or more valves at outlets of one or more cylinders of the first cylinder group responsive to the one or more cylinders of the second cylinder group being deactivated; and
adjusting the valve timing of the one or more valves at the outlets of the one or more cylinders of the first cylinder group via the controller while operating the engine in a second speed-load region, and deactivating the one or more cylinders of the second cylinder group responsive to the valve timing of the one or more valves at the outlets of the one or more cylinders of the first cylinder group being adjusted.

US Pat. No. 10,167,792

ENGINE SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD OF USING THE ENGINE SYSTEM

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An engine system, comprising:an intake line through which fresh air to be supplied into a combustion chamber of an engine flows;
an exhaust line through which exhaust gas discharged from the combustion chamber flows;
an exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system which recirculates a part of exhaust gas discharged from the combustion chamber to the combustion chamber;
a turbocharger including a turbine provided in the exhaust line and rotated by exhaust gas discharged from the combustion chamber, and a compressor provided in the intake line and rotated in conjunction with the rotation of the turbine, wherein the compressor compresses outside air;
an intake bypass line which branches off from the intake line at a rear end of the compressor and merges into the intake line at a front end of the compressor;
a recirculation valve installed at a point at which the intake bypass line and the intake line merge together; and
a controller which controls operations of opening and closing the recirculation valve so that a portion of the intake gas compressed by the compressor is supplied into the intake line at the front end of the compressor through the intake bypass line, or the intake gas is supplied into the combustion chamber through the intake bypass line,
wherein the controller controls and opens the recirculation valve at a time of tip-out, such that the portion of the intake gas compressed by the compressor is supplied into the intake line at the front end of the compressor, and
wherein when the engine is turned back on after turning off the engine during supply of the recirculation gas into the combustion chamber through the EGR system, the controller controls and opens the recirculation valve to supply the intake gas into the combustion chamber through a first intake path, which comprises an air filter, the compressor, the intercooler, and a throttle valve, through the intake line, and a second intake path, which comprises the air filter, the recirculation valve, the intercooler, and the throttle valve, through the intake line and the intake bypass line.

US Pat. No. 10,167,791

CONTROL APPARATUS FOR NATURALLY ASPIRATED GASOLINE ENGINE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A control apparatus for a naturally aspirated gasoline engine comprising:a three-way catalyst that is arranged in an exhaust passage of said gasoline engine;
a first throttle valve that is arranged in an intake passage of said gasoline engine;
a second throttle valve that is arranged in said intake passage at the downstream side of said first throttle valve;
an EGR device including an EGR passage that recirculates an EGR gas, which is a part of an exhaust gas discharged from said gasoline engine, to said intake passage between said first throttle valve and said second throttle valve, and an EGR valve that is arranged in said EGR passage; and
a controller comprising at least one processor configured to carry out fuel cut processing, which is processing to stop ignition by a spark plug and fuel injection by a fuel injection valve during operation of said gasoline engine,
wherein in cases where said controller carries out said fuel cut processing and where a temperature of said three-way catalyst is equal to or higher than a predetermined temperature, said controller introduces said EGR gas into a cylinder of said gasoline engine as intake air by fully closing said first throttle valve and by opening said EGR valve, and further controls an amount of said EGR gas by adjusting a degree of opening of said second throttle valve.

US Pat. No. 10,167,790

CONTROLLER AND CONTROL METHOD FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A controller for an internal combustion engine that is provided with an intake path and an exhaust path, a throttle valve for opening and closing the intake path, an EGR path for recirculating exhaust gas from the exhaust path to an intake manifold that is part of the intake path and is at the downstream side of the throttle valve, and an EGR valve for opening and closing the EGR path, the controller for the internal combustion engine comprising:a driving-condition detector that detects a manifold pressure, which is a pressure of gas in the intake manifold, a manifold temperature, which is a temperature of gas in the intake manifold, a manifold humidity, which is a humidity of gas in the intake manifold, an intake-air pressure, which is a pressure of intake air to be taken into the intake path, an intake-air temperature, which is a temperature of the intake air, an intake-air humidity, which is a humidity of the intake air, an intake air flow rate, which is a flow rate of the intake air, and an opening degree of the EGR valve;
a humidity detecting EGR rate calculator that calculates a humidity detecting EGR rate, which is a ratio of a recirculation exhaust gas, which is the exhaust gas recirculated into the intake manifold, to the intake air, based on the intake-air temperature, the intake-air humidity, the intake-air pressure, the manifold temperature, the manifold humidity, and the manifold pressure;
an opening area learning value calculator that calculates a humidity detecting recirculation flow rate which is a flow rate of the recirculation exhaust gas based on the humidity detecting EGR rate and the intake air flow rate, calculates a humidity detecting opening area, which is an opening area of the EGR valve which realizes the humidity detecting recirculation flow rate, and calculates a learning value of the opening area of the EGR valve based on the humidity detecting opening area; and
a recirculation exhaust gas calculator for control that calculates a learned opening area of the EGR valve corresponding to the present opening degree of the EGR valve using the learning value of the opening area, and calculates a flow rate of the recirculation exhaust gas for control used for controlling the internal combustion engine based on the learned opening area.

US Pat. No. 10,167,788

METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE OPERATION OF AN AIR CHARGING SYSTEM OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of controlling the operation of an air charging system of an internal combustion engine having an intake duct, a turbocharger with an exhaust gas turbine and a high-pressure exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) loop, comprising:monitoring at least three output parameters of the air charging system, wherein the at least three output parameters includes a manifold pressure and a residual gas function in the internal combustion engine;
calculating an error between each one of the monitored output parameters and a target value thereof;
applying each one of the calculated errors to a linear controller for yielding three virtual inputs;
calculating at least three input parameters for the air charging system, using the three virtual inputs with a non-linear mathematical model of the air charging system configured such that each one of the virtual inputs is in a linear relation with only one of the output parameters and vice versa, wherein the at least three input parameters includes an intake mass flow rate;
determining a position of a corresponding actuator of the air charging system using each one of the at least three input parameters, wherein the corresponding actuators include a first actuator for an intake valve in the intake duct, a second actuator for a valve in the HP-EGR loop and a third actuator for the turbine; and
operating each one of the corresponding actuators according to the determined position thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,167,787

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PREVENTING SPARK PLUG FOULING IN A VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT ENGINE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method, comprising:reducing fouling of a spark plug in a cylinder of an engine configured to propel a vehicle by providing a spark to the cylinder after the cylinder has been deactivated, where the spark is provided when a piston coupled to the cylinder is within a threshold of bottom dead center.

US Pat. No. 10,167,786

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR OPERATING GASEOUS-FUELLED DIRECT INJECTION INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

WESTPORT POWER INC., Van...

1. A method of operating a gaseous-fuelled direct injection internal combustion engine, the method comprising injecting said gaseous fuel directly into a combustion chamber at an injection pressure higher than 300 bar wherein an orientation of a jet of said gaseous fuel is determined such that said jet is impinging on at least one surface of a cylinder piston and a ratio between said injection pressure and a peak cylinder pressure is between 1.6:1 and 3:1.

US Pat. No. 10,167,785

ELEMENT OF AN EXHAUST LINE COMPRISING VALVE WITH ADDED STOPPERS

1. An exhaust line element comprising:a tubular valve body inwardly defining a passage for exhaust gases, the tubular valve body having a longitudinal central axis;
a shutter positioned in the passage;
a pivot link connecting the shutter to the tubular valve body, and arranged such that the shutter is rotatable around a rotation axis between a first position closing off the passage and a second position freeing the passage;
an upstream tube and a downstream tube between which the valve body is inserted, the passage fluidly connecting the upstream tube to the downstream tube, the upstream tube and the downstream tube being located respectively at predetermined first and second longitudinal positions with respect to the valve body;
at least one first stopper attached on an inner surface of the valve body, the shutter abutting against the first stopper in the first position;
wherein at least one of the upstream tube and the downstream tube abuts longitudinally against the first stopper, and wherein the first stopper defines the first longitudinal position of the upstream tube or the second longitudinal position of the downstream tube relative to the valve body.

US Pat. No. 10,167,784

SYSTEM FOR DETECTING SHAFT SHEAR EVENT

1. A method of detecting a break of a turbine-driven shaft of a gas turbine engine during operation of the gas turbine engine, the method comprising:detecting a first axial acceleration of a component of the gas turbine engine other than the turbine-driven shaft, the first axial acceleration having a magnitude equal to or exceeding a preset threshold and a first direction along a longitudinal axis of the turbine-driven shaft;
after detecting the first axial acceleration of the component, detecting a second axial acceleration of the component, the second axial acceleration having a second direction along the longitudinal axis of the turbine-driven shaft and opposite the first direction; and
initiating a shutdown of the gas turbine engine after detecting the second axial acceleration.

US Pat. No. 10,167,783

LOW PRESSURE COMPRESSOR VARIABLE VANE CONTROL FOR TWO-SPOOL TURBOFAN OR TURBOPROP ENGINE

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A system for controlling a low pressure compressor of a gas turbine engine having at least two spools, comprising:at least one stator vane rotatably coupled to a stationary case and directed inwardly along a radius of the stationary case;
an actuator coupled to the at least one stator vane for imparting rotation to the at least one stator vane about said radius, the actuator linked to a controller;
the controller including a memory stored with a plurality of low pressure compressor corrected airflow values, a plurality of low pressure compressor pressure ratio values, and a plurality of engine operability limit values, each engine operability limit value being associated with a combination of a particular low pressure compressor corrected airflow value and a particular low pressure compressor pressure ratio value, the controller configured to:
receive data concerning a current low pressure compressor air flow and a current low pressure compressor pressure ratio and calculate the low pressure compressor's current operating state;
determine an optimum performance target for the low pressure compressor;
determine whether the low pressure compressor's current operating state is within a tolerance of the optimum performance target and send a signal to the actuator to rotate the at least one stator vane until the current operating state is within the tolerance of the optimum performance target; and
determine whether the low pressure compressor's current operating state is at or below one of the plurality of engine operability limit values stored in memory and send a signal to the actuator the act least one stator vane until the current operating state is at or below the one of the plurality of engine operability limit values stored in memory, while the current operating state is within the tolerance of the optimum performance target.

US Pat. No. 10,167,782

COOLING AIR LINE FOR REMOVING COOLING AIR FROM A MANHOLE OF A GAS TURBINE

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A gas turbine comprising:a compressor,
a turbine unit,
at least one combustion chamber, and a cooling air system, which cooling air system comprises at least one cooling air line comprising a compressor-side inlet for drawing cooling air from the compressor and a turbine-side outlet for conveying the cooling air into the turbine unit,
wherein the at least one cooling air line is fluidically connected, at the compressor-side inlet, to a casing opening of the gas turbine which adjoins a cavity of the gas turbine which, in operation, conveys compressor air,
wherein the casing opening is designed as a manhole that permits manhole-type access,
wherein the at least one cooling air line further comprises a pipe and an adapter part, the adapter part comprising a first opening secured to the casing opening, a second opening opposite the first opening, and a removable manhole cover over the second opening, wherein the adapter part acts as a manhole extension over the casing opening, and wherein the adapter part further comprises a first lateral opening between the first opening and the second opening to which the pipe is connected, and
wherein the adapter part is configured to permit the manhole-type access to the compressor via the second opening when the removable manhole cover is removed with the pipe still connected to the first lateral opening.

US Pat. No. 10,167,781

IGNITER ASSEMBLY

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. An igniter assembly for a combustion system of a gas turbine engine, the igniter assembly including:an igniter plug having a tip which, in use, is located at an aperture in a wall of a flame-tube of the combustion system such that the tip can provide an electrical discharge to ignite an air-fuel mixture within the flame-tube; and
a substantially annular igniter boss which is located on the wall of the flame-tube at the aperture to encircle the tip, wherein
the igniter boss has a slot formed therein at one side of the tip, an entrance of the slot receiving air from outside the flame-tube and an exit of the slot having a rectangular flow cross-section that delivers the air as a sheet-shaped flow over the tip, the slot being tapered such that a thickness of the slot narrows from an entrance of the slot to an exit of the slot, the thickness of the slot being defined by opposing surfaces, and the slot having a width in a circumferential direction of the boss,
the opposing surfaces defining the thickness of the slot are an outer surface of the wall of the flame-tube and a sloping surface of the boss, and
one side of the slot is bounded by the outer surface of the wall of the flame-tube, and a side of the slot opposing the one side of the slot is bounded by the sloping surface of the boss.

US Pat. No. 10,167,780

TUNABLE RESONATOR

1. A tunable resonator for damping at least one selected frequency of pressure fluctuations or acoustic waves within a fluid system of a gas turbine engine, the tunable resonator comprising:an outer casing enclosing a chamber defining a total inner volume, the outer casino having an inlet therein configured to provide fluid flow communication between the chamber and the fluid system, the outer casing defining an axial direction and a radial direction; and
at least two inflatable sub-members disposed within the outer casing adjacent at least one inner wall of the outer casing, the at least two inflatable sub-members each respectively having a skin defining a respective sub-chamber within the chamber, each skin configured to prevent fluid flow between the respective sub-chamber and the chamber, each skin being deformable between a deflated position and one or more inflated positions to change a respective volume of the respective sub-chamber, the at least two inflatable sub-members each covering a respective portion of the at least one inner wall of the outer casing, each inflatable sub-member being configured to extend, in the one or more inflated positions, radially relative to the radial direction of the outer casing and axially relative to the axial direction of the outer casing, the at least two inflatable sub-members each being configured to change the respective volume of the respective sub-chamber by expansion or retraction in the radial direction and the axial direction;
wherein the at least two inflatable sub-members are positioned with respect to each other to define a hollow cylinder within the outer casing, wherein a resonating volume is defined along a central axis of the hollow cylinder between the at least two inflatable sub-members, and
wherein the resonating volume of the tunable resonator corresponds to a difference between the total inner volume of the chamber and a combined volume of the respective sub-chambers.

US Pat. No. 10,167,779

MID-TURBINE FRAME HEAT SHIELD

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A turbine engine comprising:a compressor section;
a combustor in fluid communication with the compressor section;
a turbine section in fluid communication with the combustor;
a frame connecting a first portion of said turbine engine a second portion of the turbine engine, wherein said frame includes a heat shield, and wherein said heat shield is a single unit comprising:
a conical body;
at least one axial retention feature operable to prevent said heat shield from shifting axially within the turbine engine;
at least one circumferential retention feature operable to prevent the heat shield from rotating about an axis defined by the turbine engine; and
at least one radial retention feature operable to dampen vibrational movement of the heat shield by positioning the heat shield radially.

US Pat. No. 10,167,778

BLEED VALVE MODULE WITH POSITION FEEDBACK AND COOLING SHROUD

Hamilton Sundstrand Corpo...

1. A method for enhancing the reliability of a bleed valve control system, the method comprising:attaching a bleed valve module comprising a plurality of pneumatically actuated bleed valves to a support structure adjacent to a fan air plenum;
connecting a pneumatic valve controller comprising a plurality of valve position sensors to the bleed valves by pneumatic control lines;
cooling the pneumatic valve controller with fan air; and
stabilizing control of each of the bleed valves to reduce control oscillation, stabilizing comprising the steps of:
sensing the position of each of the bleed valves with the connected valve position sensor; and
directing the actuation of each of the bleed valves with the connected pneumatic valve controller in response to the bleed valve's position.

US Pat. No. 10,167,777

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING HYDROGEN

Chiyoda Corporation, Kan...

1. A system for producing hydrogen, comprising:a dehydrogenation reaction unit for producing hydrogen from an organic hydride by a dehydrogenation reaction in presence of a dehydrogenation catalyst;
a first power generation unit for generating electric power from energy of combustion gas produced by combustion of fuel;
a waste heat recovery unit for receiving heat from exhaust gas expelled from the first power generation unit;
a heat exchanger provided in the waste heat recovery unit for exchanging heat between the exhaust gas and a heat medium; and
a circulation line for introducing the heat medium heated in the heat exchanger to the dehydrogenation reaction unit in liquid form, and returning the heat medium expelled from the dehydrogenation reaction unit to the heat exchanger;
wherein the heat medium is introduced into the dehydrogenation reaction unit at an introduction temperature ranging between 352° C. and 392° C.,
the heat medium is expelled from the dehydrogenation reaction unit at an expulsion temperature ranging between 337° C. and 367° C., and
a difference between the introduction temperature and the expulsion temperature ranges between 10° C. and 50° C.

US Pat. No. 10,167,776

VARIABLE COMPRESSION CONNECTING ROD

1. A two-stage variable length connecting rod assembly for internal combustion engines and similar reciprocating piston machines, wherein an eccentric bushing rotates within the connecting rod body small end and incorporates the piston wrist pin journal with the effect that rotation of the eccentric bushing relative to the connecting rod body increases or decreases the rod effective connecting rod assembly length with corresponding increases or decreases the engine compression ratio, wherein;eccentric bushing rotational motion is limited by mechanical end stop means such that the first end stop position corresponds to a high compression setting and the second end stop position corresponds to the low compression setting;
the eccentric bushing is rotationally oriented relative to the connecting rod by the mechanical end stops such that transient compressive loads on the connecting rod assembly create torque to rotate the eccentric bushing toward the low compression setting and transient tensile loads create torque to rotate the eccentric bushing toward the high compression setting; and
a selectively switchable bidirectional one-way mechanical clutch with at least one intermediate rotational holding position in each rotation direction permits incremental forward eccentric bushing rotation in the selected direction and holds against backward rotation in at least one intermediate positions and when the eccentric progresses to the end stop.

US Pat. No. 10,167,775

AUXILIARY MACHINE DRIVE DEVICE FOR ENGINE

MAZDA MOTOR CORPORATION, ...

1. An auxiliary machine drive device for an engine including an engine body, the engine body being disposed in such a manner that an output side of a crankshaft with respect to a transmission in a cylinder array direction a rear side of the engine body, and a side opposite to the rear side is a front side of the engine body, the auxiliary machine drive device comprising:a fuel pump including a fuel pump drive shaft provided with a first sprocket and a second sprocket mounted on a rear end surface of the engine body, the fuel pump being disposed laterally and above the crankshaft when viewed in an axis direction of the crankshaft, and on a surface of a rear end portion of the engine body on an intake side;
a starter disposed below the fuel pump, and configured to rotate the crankshaft when the engine is started;
a drive sprocket and a crankshaft sprocket fixed to the crankshaft, and mounted on the rear end surface of the engine body;
an oil pump including an oil pump drive shaft provided with an oil pump sprocket mounted on the rear end surface of the engine body and disposed below the drive sprocket the oil pump being disposed below the crankshaft;
an intake camshaft including an intake camshaft sprocket mounted on the rear end surface of the engine body, intake camshaft being disposed on an upper side of the engine body than the fuel pump;
a balancer drive shaft which drives a balancer shaft for reducing vibrations of the engine due to rotation, the balancer drive shaft including a balancer shaft sprocket mounted the rear end surface of the engine body, and disposed on an exhaust side than the crankshaft and below the crankshaft when viewed in t the axis direction of the crankshaft;
a first chain wound between the crankshaft sprocket and a first sprocket;
a second chain wound between the intake camshaft sprocket and a second sprocket; and
a third chain wound between the drive sprocket, the oil pump sprocket, and the balancer shaft sprocket.

US Pat. No. 10,167,772

BYPASS VALVE APPARATUS

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A bypass valve apparatus which is provided to a compressed air passage for selectively bypassing compressed air being supplied to an intercooler from a turbocharger, comprising:an upper body formed in a hollow cylindrical shape having an upper surface thereof which is closed and a lower surface which is open;
a lower body formed in a hollow cylindrical shape having an upper surface and a lower surface which are open, wherein the upper surface thereof is coupled with the lower surface of the upper body and the lower surface thereof is coupled to an upper end portion of the compressed air passage;
a solenoid disposed in the upper body to selectively receive an electric source;
a plunger making an up and down reciprocal motion in a hollow of the upper body and a hollow of the lower body depending on the electric source supplied to the solenoid;
an elastic member returning the plunger to an original position thereof when the electric source of the solenoid is released;
an inlet opened or closed depending on the reciprocal motion of the plunger and formed at a lower end portion of the lower body to fluidically-communicate the hollow of the lower body with the compressed air passage;
an outlet formed at a side end portion of the lower body to fluidically-communicate the hollow of the lower body with an intake line of an engine; and
a taper groove formed in a taper shape at a portion spaced from a facing the outlet on an internal circumference in the hollow of the lower body.

US Pat. No. 10,167,771

EBULLIENT COOLING DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An ebullient cooling device comprising:a coolant passage configured to be formed inside an internal-combustion engine, and to allow a coolant that cools the internal-combustion engine by boiling to flow therethrough;
an expander configured to be driven by the coolant that has boiled in the internal-combustion engine;
a condenser configured to be located at a downstream side of the expander, and to cool the coolant that has passed through the expander;
an oil cooler configured to cool a cooling object by heat exchange with the coolant;
and
a control valve,
wherein a low-pressure region including the expander and the condenser and a high-pressure region other than the low-pressure region are formed in a path through which the coolant circulates,
a passage connecting to a part through which a liquid-phase coolant flows and a passage connecting to the low-pressure region are coupled to the oil cooler,
a passage is configured to diverge from the passage connecting to the low-pressure region and to be communicated with the coolant passage formed inside the internal-combustion engine, and
the control valve is configured to switch between a state where a passage leading to the low-pressure region is opened to permit the oil cooler to operate in an ebullient cooling state and a state where a passage leading to the coolant passage formed inside the internal-combustion engine is opened to permit the oil cooler to operate in a liquid cooling state, the control valve being located in a point at which the passage diverges from the passage connecting to the low-pressure region.

US Pat. No. 10,167,770

AUTOMOTIVE WATER PUMP SPACER WITH VOLUTE EXTENSION

13. A spacer for coupling a water pump to a timing chain cover on an engine, the spacer comprising:an upstanding sidewall with opposed front and rear faces, the upstanding sidewall defining an interior chamber open at the front and rear faces; and
a ramp formed to the upstanding sidewall, the ramp extending circumferentially along the upstanding sidewall in the interior chamber between leading and trailing edges;
wherein a bore extends through the upstanding sidewall from a ramp surface to the front face, the bore oriented transverse to the ramp surface.

US Pat. No. 10,167,769

TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM FOR HYBRID POWERTRAIN AND METHOD OF OPERATING A TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A temperature control system for a hybrid powertrain, comprising:a first coolant circuit for controlling a temperature of a first drive device of the hybrid powertrain;
a second coolant circuit for controlling a temperature of a second drive device of the hybrid powertrain, said second coolant circuit having a first subcircuit, connected in a heat-transmitting manner to a drive unit of the second drive device, and a second subcircuit, connected at least temporarily in a heat-transmitting manner to an enemy store for the drive unit of the second drive device, said first and second subcircuits being operable separately from one another; and
a coolant duct connected to the first drive device in a heat-transmitting manner, said coolant duct being fluidly connected in a first operating mode with the first coolant circuit in the absence of a fluid communication with the second coolant circuit, and fluidly connected in a second operating mode with the second coolant circuit in the absence of a fluid communication with the first coolant circuit,
wherein the first coolant circuit includes an air conditioning circuit and a cooling circuit configured for operation independently from the air conditioning circuit, said coolant duct being part of the cooling circuit at least temporarily.

US Pat. No. 10,167,768

HEAT EXCHANGER WITH REPLACEMENT PIN

DENSO International Ameri...

5. A heat exchanger that is fixed to a frame of a vehicle through a bracket, the heat exchanger comprising:a tank that has a bottom wall and defines a pocket having an opening in a second direction;
a root extending from the bottom wall on a side of the bottom wall opposite to the pocket, the root having an edge at an end of the root opposite to the bottom wall;
a through hole defined by the root and the bottom wall, the through hole extending along a longitudinal axis of the root, through the bottom wall, and to the pocket in a first direction that is perpendicular to the second direction;
a bolt extending through the through hole defined by the root and the bottom wall along the longitudinal axis of the through hole and into the pocket; and
a nut seated inside the pocket through the opening and fastened to the bolt, the bolt is screwed into the nut from an insertion opening of the through hole that is exposed at the edge of the root.

US Pat. No. 10,167,767

MOTORCYCLE AND SADDLE-RIDDEN TYPE VEHICLE

SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION,...

1. A motorcycle comprising:an engine;
a supercharger configured to compress combustion air to be supplied to the engine;
a water pump configured to pump cooling water to the engine and the supercharger;
a cooling piping configured to flow the cooling water delivered from the water pump; and
a side stand disposed at a side-lower portion of the engine and configured to be rotatable between a using position at which the side stand can be grounded to a ground surface and a retraction position at which the side stand cannot be grounded to the ground surface,
wherein the cooling piping comprises:
an inflow piping configured to supply the cooling water delivered from the water pump to the supercharger; and
an outflow piping disposed above the supercharger and configured to return the cooling water having cooled the supercharger to the water pump, and
wherein an angle of the outflow piping changes as an orientation of the motorcycle changes from horizontal to an inclined state where the side stand is in the using position,
wherein the outflow piping is provided to be horizontal or to have an upward gradient from an upstream side toward a downstream side in a state where the side stand is in the using position to be grounded to the ground surface and the engine is inclined toward the side stand-side.

US Pat. No. 10,167,766

REVERSE FIN COOLING FAN

1. An engine assembly, comprising:a crankcase;
a shaft rotatably coupled to the crankcase and defining a rotational axis;
a blower housing including an internal space; and
a cooling fan disposed within the internal space and coupled to the shaft, wherein the cooling fan is positioned to rotate with the shaft about the rotational axis, the cooling fan comprising:
a plate defining an upper surface and a lower surface;
a band having an inner band radius and an outer band radius; and
a plurality of reversed fins extending between the band and the upper surface of the plate, the plurality of reversed fins extending between a root adjacent to the rotational axis and a tip adjacent to the outer band radius, each of the reversed fins offset at an angle measured in a counterclockwise direction from a plane passing through the rotational axis and the tip to a plane passing through the root and the tip when viewed from above the cooling fan;
wherein a space between the blower housing and the tip varies linearly along a height of each of the plurality of reversed fins.

US Pat. No. 10,167,765

EXHAUST GAS SEAL

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A gas seal for a pipe joint in an exhaust system configured to receive an exhaust gas flow from an internal combustion (IC) engine, the gas seal comprising:a seal element having an outer surface and an inner surface arranged concentrically about a first axis, wherein the outer surface is configured to seal against a pipe of the exhaust system; and
a flow-guide element fixed to the seal element at the inner surface of the seal element;
wherein the flow-guide element defines an aperture having a shape configured to direct and focus an entirety of the exhaust gas flow away from the first axis.

US Pat. No. 10,167,763

FLUID FLOW ADJUSTMENT DOOR WITH PIVOTABLE INNER DOOR

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A door, comprising:a pivotable outer door coupled to a fluid passage at a first pivot location;
a pivotable inner door within the outer door and coupled to the outer door at a second pivot location; and
a detent at a first end of the inner door shaped to couple a ball at an inner surface of the outer door, the ball biased away from the inner surface of the outer door by a spring.

US Pat. No. 10,167,762

MODEL PREDICTIVE CONTROL FOR MULTI-CAN SELECTIVE CATALYTIC REDUCTION SYSTEM

GM Global Technology Oper...

13. A model predictive control (MPC) system for regulating a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system, the SCR system including a first SCR catalyst of a first size, a second SCR catalyst of a second size, less than the first size, a storage tank storing a reductant, a conduit fluidly connecting the storage tank to the first and second SCR catalysts, and a dosing injector operable to inject the reductant into the conduit, the MPC system comprising:a conduit NOx sensor configured to fluidly connect to the conduit and detect a current nitrogen oxide (NOx) input received by the conduit;
an SCR NOx sensor configured to fluidly connect to the SCR system and detect first and second current NOx outputs of the first and second SCR catalysts, respectively;
an SCR ammonia (NH3) sensor configured to fluidly connect to the SCR system and detect first and second current NH3 slip volumes of the first and second SCR catalysts, respectively; and
an electronic control unit communicatively connected to the conduit NOx sensor, the SCR NOx sensor, and SCR NH3 sensor, the electronic control unit being configured to:
determine a first maximum NH3 storage capacity of the first SCR catalyst and a second maximum NH3 storage capacity, less than the first maximum NH3 storage capacity, of the second SCR catalyst;
determine a first desired can conversion efficiency for the first SCR catalyst and a second desired can conversion efficiency, distinct from the first desired can conversion efficiency, for the second SCR catalyst;
calculate, based on the first and second desired can conversion efficiencies, a first desired can NOx output for the first SCR catalyst and a second desired can NOx output, less than the first desired can NOx output, for the second SCR catalyst;
calculate, based on the current NOx input, the first and second current NOx outputs, the first and second desired can NOx outputs, the first and second current NH3 slip volumes, and the first and second maximum NH3 storage capacities, a first current can conversion efficiency for the first SCR catalyst and a second current can conversion efficiency, distinct from the first current can conversion efficiency, for the second SCR catalyst;
calculate a modified reductant injection parameter based on the first and second current can conversion efficiencies; and
transmit a command signal to the dosing injector to inject the reductant into the conduit based on the modified reductant injection parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,167,761

INJECTION DEVICE AND CORRESPONDING METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SAME

1. An injection device for introducing a reducing agent into an exhaust gas stream of an exhaust system of an internal combustion engine, the injection device comprising:an exhaust pipe for guiding the exhaust gas stream, the exhaust pipe having a wall with a connecting piece opening in the wall; and
a connecting piece, which is inserted with an inner end into the connecting piece opening, the connecting piece being provided at an outer end for connecting an injector, wherein the connecting piece has, at a connecting piece inner end, a laterally projecting, fully circumferentially extending collar, wherein the collar is in contact on an inner side of the wall with an opening edge enclosing the connecting piece opening and the collar is welded to the inner side of the wall.

US Pat. No. 10,167,760

CONTROL SYSTEM OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A control system of an internal combustion engine, the internal combustion engine comprising an exhaust purification catalyst which is arranged in an exhaust passage of the internal combustion engine and which can store oxygen, and the internal combustion engine including a temperature sensor for detecting a temperature of the exhaust purification catalyst, the control system comprising:an electronic control unit (ECU) including a processor for executing programs stored in memory, and an at least one input/output port in communication with the temperature sensor, the ECU configured to:
perform feedback control so that an air-fuel ratio of exhaust gas flowing into said exhaust purification catalyst becomes a target air-fuel ratio, and
perform target air-fuel ratio setting control which alternately sets said target air-fuel ratio to a rich set air-fuel ratio richer than a stoichiometric air-fuel ratio and a lean set air-fuel ratio leaner than the stoichiometric air-fuel ratio,
wherein when the temperature of said exhaust purification catalyst which has been detected by said temperature sensor is less than or equal to a predetermined upper limit temperature, the values of the rich set air-fuel ratio and the lean set air-fuel ratio are changed so that a variation difference is increased as compared to when the temperature of said exhaust purification catalyst is higher than said upper limit temperature, said variation difference having a value equal to a rich degree, which is a difference of said rich set air-fuel ratio and stoichiometric air-fuel ratio, subtracted from a lean degree, which is a difference of said lean set air-fuel ratio and stoichiometric air-fuel ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,167,758

PRODUCT FOR THE DEPOLLUTION OF EXHAUST GASES, ESPECIALLY FROM AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE, AND METHOD FOR THE DEPOLLUTION OF EXHAUST GASES USING SAID PRODUCT

IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES, ...

1. A method for depollution of exhaust gas circulating in an exhaust line using a product for depollution of exhaust gas, the exhaust line comprising a catalysis means for selective nitrogen oxides (NOx) catalytic reduction, a particle elimination means and means for feeding the product into the exhaust line, the method comprising:determining the exhaust gas temperature, and
feeding the product into the exhaust line when the exhaust gas temperature reaches a threshold allowing treatment of the nitrogen oxides by the catalysis means,
wherein the product comprises a mixture of an additive for treating particles and a reductant for eliminating nitrogen oxides (NOx), wherein the reductant comprises ammonia, or a compound generating ammonia by decomposition, or a hydrocarbon from a hydrocarbon-containing substance, oxygenated or not, and the additive comprises an additive for catalysing particle oxidation.

US Pat. No. 10,167,757

INSULATION STRUCTURE OF CATALYTIC CONVERTER OF VEHICLE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus including an insulation structure of a catalytic converter of a vehicle, comprising:an LNT (lean NOx trap) converter formed so that exhaust gas discharged from an engine flows into the LNT converter and then exits through an opposite side, the LNT configured to trap nitrogen oxide contained in the exhaust gas under a lean environment in which an air/fuel ratio is low, to desorb the trapped nitrogen oxide under an environment enriched with the exhaust gas, and to reduce the nitrogen oxide contained in the exhaust gas or the desorbed nitrogen oxide;
a connecting housing connected to change a direction of a path of the exhaust gas discharged from the LNT converter to a vertical direction, the connecting housing configured such that a urea reducing agent can be selectively injected to the exhaust gas;
an DPF (diesel particulate filter) converter connected to change a direction of a path of the exhaust gas flowing from the connecting housing to a direction opposite to a direction in which the exhaust gas is discharged from the LNT converter, the DPF converter configured to reduce the nitrogen oxide contained in the exhaust gas using the injected reducing agent, wherein the DPF converter comprises an SDPF converter, where SDPF refers to a DPF with a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) catalyst coated thereon;
an insulation cover with an inner surface that contacts the LNT converter, the connecting housing and the DPF converter and an outer surface opposite the inner surface, the insulation cover surrounding the LNT converter, the connecting housing and the DPF converter, and configured to insulate heat generated from the LNT converter, the connecting housing and the DPF converter, wherein the inner surface of the insulation cover comprises silica fabric and vermiculite and wherein the outer surface of the insulation cover is made by silicon coating or aluminum thin plate coating on a glass fabric; and
an insulation material disposed between the outer surface and the inner surface of the insulation cover, wherein the insulation material comprises fumed silica.

US Pat. No. 10,167,756

MUFFLER FOR AN EXHAUST SYSTEM OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

1. A muffler for an exhaust system of an internal combustion engine, the muffler comprising:a housing comprised of a circumferential wall;
two base walls connected to the circumferential wall, wherein at least one resonator chamber is defined by the circumferential wall and the two base walls and is provided in the housing;
at least one resonator pipe with a first pipe end and with a second pipe end, the resonator pipe being connected to one of the base walls in an area of a first opening in the one of the base walls or traverses the one base wall such that the first pipe end lies outside of the resonator chamber, or the resonator pipe being connected to one of the base walls in the area of the first opening in the one of the base walls and traverses the one base wall such that the first pipe end lies outside of the resonator chamber, the second pipe end being fixed to another of the base walls, wherein a bulge formed on the another of the base walls engages into the resonator pipe at the second pipe end, the second pipe end being in flush contact with the another of the base walls, the resonator pipe comprising an interior space, at least a portion of the bulge being arranged in the interior space.

US Pat. No. 10,167,754

VALVE FOR VEHICLE TRANSMISSION OIL COOLER BYPASS

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A valve for a vehicle in which the valve is connected with a transmission and is provided between an oil cooler for cooling transmission oil by heat-exchanging with outside air and the transmission, the valve comprising:a housing including a first inflow hole, a second inflow hole, a first exhaust hole, and a second exhaust hole, wherein the first inflow hole and the second exhaust hole are formed at a first lateral side of the housing and are configured to fluidly-communicate with the transmission, and wherein the first exhaust hole and the second inflow hole are formed at a second lateral side of the housing and are configured to fluidly-communicate with the oil cooler;
an inner body wherein an upper end portion of the inner body is fixedly mounted at an upper end portion of the housing and a lower end portion of the inner body is inserted in the housing, and wherein at least one opening hole is formed on an exterior circumference of the inner body and a fixing groove is formed on the upper end portion of the inner body;
a fixing rod of which an upper end is fixed to the fixing groove of the inner body;
a movable member of which a first end portion is slidably engaged to the lower end portion of the fixing rod to upwardly or downwardly move along the fixing rod according to a temperature of the transmission oil being flowed in the inside of the housing;
a relief member including a penetration hole formed at a center of the relief member, wherein the lower end portion of the movable member is selectively movable therein and the relief member is slidably mounted in the lower end portion of the inner body;
a first elastic member interposed between the movable member and the relief member; and
a second elastic member interposed between the inner body and the relief member,
wherein the inner body is formed at a position spaced apart from the fixing groove at a lower portion thereof, and further includes a fixing portion in which a valve hole is formed corresponding to the movable member, and
wherein the inner body comprises:
a first opening hole formed at an upper portion of the inner body between the fixing groove and the fixing portion;
a second opening hole respectively formed at a lower portion of the fixing portion and a lower portion of the inner body at a position spaced apart from the first opening hole; and
a third opening hole formed at the lower end portion of the inner body at a position spaced apart from the second opening hole.

US Pat. No. 10,167,753

POWER UNIT FOR VEHICLE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A power unit for a vehicle, including an internal combustion engine comprising:a crankcase split into one crankcase member and another crankcase member with a mating surface therebetween, said crankcase having therein a crankshaft chamber and an oil reservoir;
a crankshaft supported in the one crankcase member and the other crankcase member and extending along a crankshaft axis across the one and other crankcase members and across said mating surface;
a lubricant oil scavenger pump for delivering lubricant oil from the crankshaft chamber to the oil reservoir, and a lubricant oil feed pump for delivering lubricant oil from the oil reservoir to parts of the engine, said scavenger pump and said feed pump having respective pump rotors; and
an oil pump shaft extending parallel to the crankshaft and mounted thereon with the scavenger pump on one side thereof away from said mating surface and the feed pump on another side thereof adjacent to said mating surface:
wherein the feed pump and the scavenger pump are disposed in the one crankcase member such that one side surface of the pump rotors of the feed pump lies along the mating surface of the two crankcase members of the crankcase;
said crankcase has therein a scavenger pump inlet passage formed in a lower area of the crankshaft chamber and connected to the scavenger pump via an inlet port;
a drive member for rotating the oil pump shaft is disposed on the oil pump shaft on the opposite side of the feed pump; and
an oil filter to which lubricant oil is delivered from the feed pump is disposed on the other crankcase member.

US Pat. No. 10,167,752

ENGINE OIL PUMP WITH ELECTRONIC OIL PRESSURE CONTROL

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A variable displacement oil pump comprising:a rotor supported in a housing for rotation about an axis of rotation;
a slide ring movably supported in the housing, the slide ring being formed with a guide member slidingly received within a complimentary guide slot formed in the housing;
a plurality of vanes extending between the rotor and the slide ring to define a plurality of variable displacement pumping chambers;
an electronic drive mechanism configured to position the slide ring with respect to the axis of rotation; and
a controller configured to drive the electronic drive mechanism for selectively positioning the slide ring to adjust an eccentricity of the slide ring relative to the axis of rotation such that a displacement of the pumping chambers is varied;
wherein engagement of the guide member within the complimentary guide slot provides for linear displacement of the slide ring from a first position relative to the axis of rotation corresponding to a first oil pump output to a second position, different that the first position, relative to the axis of rotation corresponding to a second oil pump output.

US Pat. No. 10,167,751

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE HAVING AN ENGINE BACKPRESSURE BRAKE AND A COMPRESSION RELEASE ENGINE BRAKE

1. An internal combustion engine comprising:at least one outlet valve in communication with a cylinder, the outlet valve actuated via a camshaft and a transmission device;
a hydraulic valve clearance compensation element arranged in the transmission device between the camshaft and the outlet valve;
an engine braking device, including an engine backpressure brake for building up an exhaust gas backpressure and a compression release engine brake, by way of which at least one outlet valve can be held open at least in an engine braking phase, wherein the compression release engine brake is formed by the hydraulic valve clearance compensation element;
an engine speed limiting device configured to deactivate an injection of fuel above a predetermined cut-off engine speed (n1), wherein the transmission device, the engine backpressure brake and the hydraulic valve clearance compensation element are designed in such a way that an engine speed limit (n2), above which a gap occurs between the outlet valve and an associated valve seat ring in a cam base circle phase in the engine braking mode, lies above the cut-off engine speed (n1) by a distance value (?n).

US Pat. No. 10,167,750

VARIABLE VALVE DURATION APPARATUS

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A variable valve duration apparatus, comprising:a first cam rotating with a camshaft;
a second cam rotating with the camshaft;
a first operation device that is configured to be operated by the first cam to generate a valve lift;
a second operation device that is configured to be operated by the second cam to generate the valve lift; and
a controller controlling the first operation device or the second operation device to generate the valve lift according to an operation state of an engine,
wherein the controller is configured to control the second operation device to generate the valve lift when a rotation speed of the engine is between a first predetermined value and a second predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,167,749

VARIABLE VALVE MECHANISM OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

OTICS CORPORATION, Nishi...

1. A variable valve mechanism of an internal combustion engine comprising:a cam formed on a camshaft;
a roller arm including a roller and configured to swing to drive a valve when driving force is transmitted to the roller;
a variable arm configured to transmit driving force of the cam to the roller; and
a variable device configured to operate the variable arm to change a drive state of the valve, wherein
the variable arm includes a first arm that is driven by the cam and a second arm to which the first arm is attached,
the second arm is pivotally supported so as to be swingable by a support shaft at least an axis of which does not move with respect to a cylinder head of the internal combustion engine,
a position of the support shaft is a position where, during a base circle phase in which a base circle of the cam acts, in side view when seen in a longitudinal direction of the camshaft, a second segment connecting an axis of the roller to the axis of the support shaft is longer than a first segment connecting the axis of the roller to an axis of the camshaft, and an angle of the second segment formed with respect to a third segment connecting the axis of the roller to a swing axis of the roller arm is 60° to 120° toward the camshaft, and
the second arm extends from the support shaft disposed in the position such that a distal end portion of the second arm protrudes in between the cam and the roller, and the distal end portion moves in a reciprocating manner in a circumferential direction about the axis of the support shaft to press the roller when the second arm swings.

US Pat. No. 10,167,747

SHEET METAL LOCKING COVER FOR A CAM PHASER

1. A cam phaser, comprisinga stator;
a rotor positioned in the stator;
a cover plate positioned on a first side of the stator;
a locking cover positioned on a second side of the stator;
a locking pin assembly configured to selectively lock the rotor in a position relative to the stator;
a plurality of aligned first openings which extend through the stator, the cover plate, and the locking cover;
a plurality of fasteners respectively inserted in the plurality of aligned first openings; and
a plurality of aligned central openings forming a throughbore,
wherein the locking cover includes a body made of sheet metal having a first axial side, a second axial side, the plurality of first openings extending from the first axial side to the second axial aide, and a second opening extending from the first axial side to the second axial side that is adapted to receive at least a portion of the locking pin assembly, and a boss surrounds the second opening, and
wherein the body includes a web portion and a plurality of reinforcing portions which are thicker than the web portion, and the plurality of reinforcing portions includes the boss which surrounds the second opening.

US Pat. No. 10,167,746

METHOD OF CONTROLLING CAMSHAFT PHASE BASED ON HUMIDITY

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of controlling intake and exhaust cam phase in an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:sensing an engine speed and engine load of the internal combustion engine,
sensing relative humidity of air delivered to the internal combustion engine,
utilizing the engine speed, the engine load and the relative humidity in lookup tables to determine an intake cam phase maximum advance constraint value and an exhaust cam phase maximum retard constraint value, and
advancing the exhaust cam phase maximum retard constraint value and retarding the intake cam phase maximum advance constraint value as the sensed relative humidity increases.

US Pat. No. 10,167,745

VARIABLE VALVE MECHANISM OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

OTICS CORPORATION, Nishi...

1. A variable valve mechanism of an internal combustion engine, the variable valve mechanism comprising:an outer arm that drives a valve when being swung and has a space formed in an intermediate portion thereof in a width direction;
an inner arm that is swingably provided in the space and is driven by a cam to swing;
a switching device that switches between a coupled state in which the inner arm and the outer arm are coupled so as to integrally swing and a non-coupled state in which the coupled state is released; and
a lost motion spring that biases the inner arm toward the cam in the non-coupled state,
wherein the lost motion spring has an extending portion extending from an outside of the space to an inside of the space, the extending portion having a contact portion that is in contact with the inner arm in the space and being configured to swing in conjunction with swinging of the inner arm, and
wherein a through-hole is formed in a vertically intermediate portion of the outer arm such that connecting portions are provided at vertically opposite sides of the through-hole, and a portion of the extending portion, a swinging amount of which is smaller than that of the contact portion, passes through the through-hole that allows the portion of the extending portion to swing therein.

US Pat. No. 10,167,744

VALVE GEAR FOR ENGINE

YAMAHA HATSUDOKI KABUSHIK...

1. A valve gear for an engine comprising:a plurality of camshaft supports in a cylinder head aligned in an axial direction of a crankshaft;
a camshaft rotatably supported by the plurality of camshaft supports, and including a cam that drives one of an intake valve and an exhaust valve;
a rocker housing separate from the cam shaft supports, and mounted on the cylinder head to be located between the plurality of camshaft supports;
a rocker shaft including first and second ends supported by the rocker housing;
a first rocker arm swingably supported by the rocker shaft;
a second rocker arm swingably supported by the rocker shaft and selectively connected to the first rocker arm by a switch pin movable in an axial direction of the rocker shaft;
a first piston that moves the switch pin to a first side in the axial direction;
a second piston that moves the switch pin to a second side in the axial direction; and
hydraulic supplies that apply an oil pressure to the first piston and the second piston; wherein
one of the first and second pistons is provided in one of the first and second rocker arms and the other one of the first and second pistons is provided in the rocker housing located on a side opposite to the one piston in the axial direction across the other of the first and second rocker arms;
the hydraulic supply that applies the oil pressure to the one piston includes a first oil passage in the one rocker arm, the rocker shaft, and the rocker housing that supports the first end of the rocker shaft; and
the hydraulic supply that applies the oil pressure to the other piston includes a second oil passage in the rocker housing.

US Pat. No. 10,167,743

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A STEAM GENERATOR AND CONTROL CIRCUIT FOR A STEAM GENERATOR

GENERAL ELECTRIC TECHNOLO...

1. A method for controlling a steam generator of a once-through steam generator type, which is integrated in a combined cycle power plant with a steam turbine and a gas turbine, the steam generator comprising a high pressure economizer, a high pressure evaporator, and at least one superheater,wherein opening of a valve for regulating flow volume in a feedwater supply line into the high-pressure evaporator is controlled in dependence upon a temperature set-point value for steam for the steam turbine and also upon a measured steam temperature at the outlet of the at least one superheater and by means of a plurality of control steps in series,
wherein the measured steam temperature at the outlet of the superheater, a degree of superheating in consideration of a prevailing saturation temperature at the outlet of the high-pressure evaporator and a degree of subcooling of the feedwater in consideration of a prevailing saturation temperature at the inlet into the high-pressure evaporator are integrated in the control steps,
wherein the method comprises the steps:
measuring steam temperature at the outlet of the superheater,
in a first control step, comparing the steam temperature at the outlet of the superheater with a set-point value for turbine steam temperature at the outlet of the superheater according to an operating state of the steam turbine, and generating a set-point value for the degree of superheating at the outlet of the high-pressure evaporator based on the difference between the measured value and the set-point value of the steam temperature at the outlet of the superheater,
measuring the current degree of superheating at the outlet of the high-pressure evaporator,
in a second control step, generating a set-point value for the degree of subcooling of the feedwater at the inlet of the high-pressure evaporator based on the difference between the set-point value and current measured value of the degree of superheating at the outlet of the high-pressure evaporator,
measuring the current degree of subcooling of the feedwater at the inlet into the high-pressure evaporator,
in a third control step, generating a set-point value for the flow volume for the feedwater upstream of the high-pressure evaporator based on the difference between the set-point value and the current measured value for the degree of subcooling of the feedwater at the inlet into the high-pressure evaporator,
based on the set-point value for the flow volume of the feedwater, generating a control signal for the opening of a valve in the feedwater supply line and transmitting the control signal to the valve,
wherein the set-point value for the degree of superheating at the outlet of the high-pressure evaporator is determined between a maximum value (Max Sh) and a minimum value (Min Sh), said maximum value (Max Sh) being a value established to prevent an exceeding of the steam temperature beyond a permissible material temperature at the outlet of the high pressure evaporator and said minimum value (Min Sh) being a value established to prevent a saturation state at the outlet of the high-pressure evaporator.

US Pat. No. 10,167,742

STEAM CYCLE, AND METHOD FOR OPERATING A STEAM CYCLE

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A steam circuit for a power plant, comprising:a high-pressure turbine, a condenser and a steam generator,
wherein the steam generator is connected to the high-pressure turbine via a first line,
wherein, in the flow direction of the steam, at least one live steam valve is arranged between the steam generator and the high-pressure turbine, and
wherein, in the flow direction of the steam, a start-up line is arranged downstream of the high-pressure turbine and connects an exhaust steam region downstream of the high-pressure turbine to the condenser,
at least one controller which, in dependence on operating parameters of the high-pressure turbine, controls closing of a start-up valve for closing the start-up line and opening of the at least one live steam valve,
wherein opening of the start-up valve is controllable, at least stepwise, between the positions “fully open” and “fully closed”, and a setpoint pressure value of the controller is raised in dependence on the opening of the start-up valve.

US Pat. No. 10,167,737

STRUCTURAL GUIDE VANE CIRCUMFERENTIAL LOAD BEARING SHEAR PIN

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A turbofan engine comprising:a fan case circumscribing a plurality of fan blades disposed about an axis;
a core engine including a low pressure compressor case having a bulkhead disposed about the axis and a forward case structure;
at least one structural guide vane attached on an outer end to the fan case and at an inner end to the bulkhead, wherein the inner end of the structural guide vane includes a forward portion attached to the forward case structure and an aft portion attached to the bulkhead and wherein the aft portion of the inner end includes diverging surfaces and the bulkhead includes mating converging surfaces;
a plurality of forward fasteners extend transverse to the axis through corresponding openings in the forward portion of the inner end into the forward case structure;
a plurality of aft fasteners extend through a corresponding plurality of openings in the bulkhead substantially parallel to the axis for securing the inner end to the bulkhead, wherein the diverging surfaces of the inner end and the mating converging surfaces of the bulkhead are disposed at a constant angle relative to a bolt axis for at least one of the plurality of aft fasteners; and
a plurality of shear pins disposed circumferentially between at least two of the plurality of aft fasteners and extending between the inner end of the structural guide vane and the bulkhead for bearing a load in a circumferential direction.

US Pat. No. 10,167,736

JOINT ASSEMBLY

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A joint assembly comprising:an end portion of a first component, comprising a first location feature on an outermost surface thereof;
an end portion of a second component, comprising a second location feature on an innermost surface thereof, the second location feature comprising a proximal portion and a distal portion;
an elongate, resilient, helical connection member; and
a clamping ring,
wherein
the clamping ring is accommodated on an inner side of the distal portion of the second location feature, the end portion of the first component is accommodated on an inner side of the end portion of the second component such that the first location feature and the proximal portion of the second location feature are aligned to form an annular cavity,
the connection member is receivable within the annular cavity to thereby interlock the first component and the second component to one another, and
the clamping ring is adapted to exert a radially inwardly directed clamping force on the connection member.