US Pat. No. 10,919,613

VEHICLE WITH A FOLDABLE FAIRING INTEGRATED FOOTSTEP UNIT

AIRBUS HELICOPTERS DEUTSC...

1. A vehicle with a fairing and a sliding door that is glidingly mounted to the vehicle, wherein the sliding door is associated with a foldable fairing integrated footstep unit, and wherein the foldable fairing integrated footstep unit comprises:an outer shell that is integrated into the fairing of the vehicle, the outer shell comprising an exterior surface that creates in closed state of the foldable fairing integrated footstep unit an aerodynamic surface with the fairing,
wherein an unfolding and folding unit connects the outer shell to the vehicle, the unfolding and folding unit comprising:
a sliding mechanism that is adapted for being engaged by the sliding door at least during an opening gliding movement and a closing gliding movement of the sliding door, and
a guiding link that connects the outer shell to the sliding mechanism;
the unfolding and folding unit being provided for unfolding the foldable fairing integrated footstep unit into an opened state during the opening gliding movement of the sliding door and for folding the foldable fairing integrated footstep unit into the closed state during the closing gliding movement of the sliding door.

US Pat. No. 10,919,612

FLOOR PANELS AND FLOORING SYSTEMS FOR A PASSENGER VEHICLE, AND METHODS FOR INSTALLATION

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A flooring system in a passenger vehicle, the flooring system comprising:a first set of floor panels including panels rigidly attached to a structure of the passenger vehicle; and
a second set of floor panels, each floor panel of the second set of floor panels having an interlocking feature for slidably engaging an adjacent floor panel, wherein the interlocking feature is configured to enable lateral relative motion to occur and restrict vertical relative motion between panels of the second set of floor panels and a respective adjacent floor panel,
wherein, after each floor panel of the second set of floor panels is interlocked with the adjacent floor panel, a space is defined between a respective floor panel of the second set of floor panels and the respective adjacent floor panel to enable the lateral relative motion to occur between panels of the second set of floor panels and the respective adjacent floor panel, and
wherein each floor panel of the second set of floor panels is positioned to engage at least one adjacent floor panel of the first set of floor panels.

US Pat. No. 10,919,611

OPENING AND SECURE-CLOSING SYSTEM

Airbus Operations S.L., ...

1. An opening and secure-closing system for a door in a chamber of an aircraft, the opening and secure-closing system comprising:an overpressure door for the chamber and adapted to open towards an outside of the chamber;
at least one rotatory fitting configured to be joined to a first frame structure of the chamber and to the overpressure door, wherein the at least one rotatory fitting is adapted to move along a path as the at least one rotary fitting pivots about a first hinge axis of the overpressure door, and
a safety device comprising,
a fixing element configured to be joined to the first frame structure of the chamber,
a beam joined to the fixing element by a first end of the beam, the beam being a hollow beam extending along a direction axis X-X? perpendicular to the first hinge axis,
a blocking bar arranged within the beam, wherein the blocking bar is configured to move internally within the beam,
a lever element hinged to a first end of the blocking bar and configured to pivot about the blocking bar between a position A and a position B, wherein, as the lever element moves from position A to position B moves, a second end of the blocking bar moves along the direction axis X-X?, and wherein while the lever arm is at position B, the lever arm is in the path and blocks movement of the at least one rotatory fitting and while the lever arm is at position A, the lever arm is out of the path, and
a spring arranged around the blocking bar and within the beam,
wherein as the lever element moves from position A to position B, the blocking bar of the safety device is configured to traverse a first passage hole of the first frame structure of the chamber, and
when the lever element is in position B and blocking the movement the at least one rotatory, the overpressure door is prevented from closing.

US Pat. No. 10,919,610

UNMANNED ELLIPSOID MULTI-ROTOR AIRSHIP AND RESPECTIVE METHOD OF CONSTRUCTION

1. An unmanned ellipsoid airship, comprising:a body of an unmanned flight device having a control box;
a single inflatable portion filled with a gas having an ellipsoid shape and connected to the body of the unmanned flight device that provides lift to the unmanned flight device;
a lift system connected to the body of the unmanned flight device having two or more rotors that provides lift to the unmanned airship;
the control box underneath a middle of the single inflatable portion and each of the two or more rotors being connected by a rod to the control box and being adjacent a periphery of the single inflatable portion; and
wherein the airship has a systemic symmetry for weight distribution and flight control of the airship.

US Pat. No. 10,919,609

PROPELLER DRIVE ASSEMBLY AND A SCREW PUMP FOR A WATER VESSEL

AB VOLVO PENTA, Gothenbu...

1. A propeller drive assembly, the propeller drive assembly comprisinga driveshaft for transferring a torque between an engine and a propeller of a water surface vessel, and
a housing enclosing the driveshaft,
wherein the propeller drive assembly comprises, separately from the driveshaft, a first element and a second element, the first element extending through a first bore of the second element,
wherein the second elements is fixed to the driveshaft and the first elements is arranged to be stationary in relation to the housing,
the second elements which is fixed to the driveshaft presents in the first bore a first elongated cavity forming a first helix along the first bore, so as to form with the first elements a screw pump, andthe driveshaft presents a second bore extending inside and concentrically with the driveshaft.

US Pat. No. 10,919,608

JET PROPULSION SYSTEM FOR A WATERCRAFT

BOMBARDIER RECREATIONAL P...

1. A jet propulsion system for a watercraft, comprising:a duct defining an inlet;
a venturi unit defining part of the duct and defining a venturi outlet;
an impeller housing defining part of the duct and disposed between the inlet and the venturi unit; and
an impeller disposed within the impeller housing, the impeller being rotatable about an impeller rotation axis in (i) a forward direction whereby the impeller propels water out of the venturi outlet, and (ii) a reverse direction whereby the impeller propels water out of the inlet,
the venturi unit comprising:
a venturi conduit having a peripheral wall defining at least one aperture, the venturi conduit defining a venturi inlet and the venturi outlet, the venturi inlet having a greater cross-sectional area than the venturi outlet, wherein:
when the impeller rotates in the forward direction, water flows from the venturi inlet to the venturi outlet, and
when the impeller rotates in the reverse direction, water flows from the venturi outlet to the venturi inlet;
and
at least one door connected to the venturi conduit, the at least one door being movable between a closed position when the impeller rotates in the forward direction, and an open position when the impeller rotates in the reverse direction,
in the closed position, the at least one door closing the at least one aperture, and
in the open position, the at least one door opening the at least one aperture such that water flows into the venturi conduit via the at least one aperture.

US Pat. No. 10,919,607

BUILT-IN SYSTEM FOR TESTING THE SPRINKLER SYSTEM OF A LIFEBOAT

1. A lifeboat (1) having a sprinkler system and a built-in system for testing the sprinkler system, the built-in system for testing the sprinkler system comprising:a water tank (17);
a water tank pipeline (14);
a tank valve (15);
an outboard water valve (5);
an outboard water inlet pipe (4); and
sprinkler system pump (2);
wherein one end of the outboard water inlet pipe (4) comprises an inlet opening for receiving outboard water from a water installation of a marine facility;
wherein the other end of the outboard water inlet pipe (4) connects to outboard water valve (5);
wherein one end of the water tank pipeline (14) connects to the water tank (17);
wherein the other end of the water tank pipeline (14) connects to the tank valve (15);
wherein a passage from tank valve (15) and a passage from outboard water valve (5) communicate with an inlet of the sprinkler system pump (2).

US Pat. No. 10,919,606

SEABED BASE STRUCTURE AND METHOD FOR INSTALLATION OF SAME

Sembcorp Marine Integrate...

1. A floatable and removable seabed base structure (10) for storing and loading or unloading hydrocarbons and intended to be supported by a seabed (30), the seabed base structure (10) comprising a beam structure (11) provided with an upwards extending wall structure (22) arranged along at least a part of the periphery of the seabed base structure (10),the seabed base structure (10) having an opening (23) in the upwards extending wall structure (22) for allowing a floatable module to be berthed in and supported by the seabed base structure (10),
the seabed base structure (10) having a plurality of strong points (24) each configured to receive the end of a preinstalled vertical pile (14) for at least temporary support of the seabed base structure (10) during a piling operation for permanent piling of the seabed base structure (10) to the sea bed (30),
the plurality of strong points (24) extending laterally outwards from the upwards extending wall structure (22), wherein the plurality of strong points (24) are arranged spaced apart from one another longitudinally across a length of the upwards extending wall structure (22) and away from adjacent corners of the upwards extending wall structure (22).

US Pat. No. 10,919,605

ANTI-TWIST FRAME, VESSEL AND METHOD FOR LOWERING AN OBJECT IN A WATER BODY

1. A method for lowering an object in a water body from a vessel floating on the water body, the vessel comprising a first hoisting means and a second hoisting means, the first hoisting means and the second hoisting means arranged on or near the vessel, with at least a first anti-twist frame (ATF) being connected to a lower end of a first hoisting cable of the first hoisting means, the object being attached to the lower end of the first hoisting cable, below the ATF, comprising the steps of:a) adjusting the vessel's heading such that the vessel is aligned with the wave direction,
b) lowering the object in the water body with the first hoisting means until the object has reached a first depth (FD);
c) using the second hoisting means to lower the object together with the first hoisting means as found in step b), wherein the second hoisting means is connected to another part of the object, or else, to lower a clump weight in the water body to the first depth (FD), wherein the clump weight is connected to the lower end of the second hoisting cable,
d) providing an anti-twist wire extending between the first ATF and the second hoisting cable, the first ATF comprising a circumferential part with a plurality of connection means arranged for connecting the anti-twist wire at a plurality of connection points on the circumferential part, in a plurality of directions, and selecting such a connection point that, after connection, twist of the first hoisting cable is minimized, and the first ATF comprising a central part for attachment to a crane block, wherein the circumferential part is connected to the central part and extends in a plane perpendicular to the respective hoisting cable, during use, wherein the plurality of connection means are arranged at multiple positions along the circumference of the circumferential part to allow the longitudinal direction of the anti-twist wire to intersect the longitudinal direction of the respective hoisting cable for a plurality of anti-twist wire directions, and wherein the plurality of connection means are spaced-apart along the circumference, and
e) using the first and/or the second hoisting means to lower the object onto the bottom of the water body.

US Pat. No. 10,919,604

SPROCKET CARRIER AND MULTIPLE SPROCKET ARRANGEMENT

SRAM DEUTSCHLAND GMBH, S...

1. A multiple sprocket arrangement for rotatable mounting on a rear wheel axle and for engagement in a bicycle chain, comprising:a number of sprockets including smaller sprockets and larger sprockets
a sprocket carrier having a substantially uniform material thickness, and a multiplicity of carrier arms which are connected to and extend between an inner ring and an outer ring in a radial direction,
wherein the carrier arms have carrier steps formed therein configured for attachment of at least two of the larger sprockets.

US Pat. No. 10,919,603

BOTTOM BRACKET FOR BICYCLES

Nathan Chan, West Vancou...

1. A bottom bracket connected to a spindle and a frame of a bicycle, the bottom bracket comprising:a housing connected to the frame, the housing comprising:
a substantially circular disc, the disc comprising:
a plurality of disc openings arranged proximate to a circumferential edge of the disc, wherein the disc is adapted to rotate with the spindle; and
a central opening adapted to engage with the spindle, wherein the central opening is defined by a plurality of indents for engaging with the spindle:
one or more pins adapted to selectively engage with the disc openings, wherein the engagement of the one or more pins with the disc openings prevents further rotation of the disc and the spindle; and
an actuating mechanism for selectively engaging the one or more pins with the disc openings; and
an adapter removably attached to the housing and connected to the frame.

US Pat. No. 10,919,602

PORTABLE MOTOR ASSEMBLY

Richard Chi-Hsueh, San D...

1. A portable motor assembly, comprising:a case having a baseplate at a bottom thereof and a first motor fixing rack;
a control module disposed in the case and electrically connected with a power supply unit for supplying electricity, a motor driving module, and a switch disposed outside the case for controlling electricity supply of the power supply unit;
a motor having a motor axle, an axle holder pivotally connected to an outer end of the motor axle for connecting the first motor fixing rack of the case, a friction wheel wrapped around an outer surface of the motor for tightly contacting a surface of a rear wheel of a bicycle and driving the rear wheel to rotate, and a joint terminal and a signal terminal disposed at an exit of the axle holder, wherein the joint terminal and the signal terminal are electrically connected to the motor driving module of the control module for controlling and driving the motor; and
a fixing base having a supporting plate for connecting the baseplate of the case, a clamp holder disposed at one side of the supporting plate opposite to the motor, a clamp connected to the clamp holder for clamping a seat tube of the bicycle, and at least one tension spring seat disposed on the other side of the supporting plate for corresponding to the motor, wherein the clamp has a knob wrench for controlling a clamping force exerted to the clamp, and the at least one tension spring seat has a tension spring for connecting the clamp holder and the tension spring seat.

US Pat. No. 10,919,601

CONTROL METHOD AND APPARATUSES FOR PUSH ASSISTANCE FOR AN ELECTRIC BICYCLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A control method for regulating an electric motor of an electric bicycle when a cyclist is manually pushing the bicycle at a gripping position on the bicycle, the method comprising:identifying activation of a push assistance by the cyclist manually activating a switch on the bicycle;
generating a torque with the electric motor to drive the electric bicycle based on the identified activation, to provide push assistance to the cyclist, wherein the torque is adapted to accelerate the bicycle in a direction of a longitudinal axis at a constant acceleration until the bicycle is moving at a predetermined first velocity;
after the bicycle is moving at said first velocity, capturing an acceleration of the electric bicycle in the direction of the longitudinal axis using a first sensor, wherein the first sensor is one of an acceleration sensor and a force sensor mounted on the handlebar, and the captured acceleration is the result of a manual pushing force or a braking force applied by the cyclist to achieve a desired velocity of the bicycle;
comparing the captured acceleration with an acceleration threshold value; and
in response to the captured acceleration exceeding the acceleration threshold value, regulating the electric motor on the basis of a change in the captured acceleration for push assistance of the bicycle at the desired velocity independent of the gripping position of the cyclist on the bicycle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,600

MOTOR DRIVING CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD AND MOTOR-ASSISTED VEHICLE

TAIYO YUDEN CO., LTD., T...

1. A motor driving control apparatus, comprising:an inverter configured to drive a motor; and
a controller configured to control the inverter to start regeneration after lapse of a first time period since a second predetermined time period elapsed or gradually increase a regeneration amount, when a state that an acceleration of a vehicle on which the motor is embodied is negative and equal to or less than a first predetermined value continues for the second predetermined time period,
wherein the controller controls the inverter to stop or suppress the regeneration when a state that the acceleration of the vehicle is equal to or greater than a second predetermined value continues for a third predetermined time period, after instructing the inverter to start the regeneration, and
the second predetermined value is a negative value greater than the first predetermined value.

US Pat. No. 10,919,599

BICYCLE HAVING ELECTRIC DRIVE OR AUXILIARY DRIVE

MAHLE INTERNATIONAL GMBH

20. A bicycle, comprising:a pedal shaft;
a wheel drive for driving a driven wheel of the bicycle;
an electric drive, the electric drive including:
an electric motor including a drive shaft;
a driven shaft connected in a rotationally fixed manner to a driving gear for coupling to the wheel drive;
a transmission, structured and arranged to drivingly connect the drive shaft to the driven shaft;
wherein the transmission includes a driven gear connected in a rotationally fixed manner to the driven shaft in a rotational drive direction, and at least two output gears that respectively engage with the driven gear offset to one another in a circumferential direction of the driven shaft to drive the driven gear; and
wherein the at least two output gears are arranged on a side of the driven shaft facing away from a ground surface when in operation.

US Pat. No. 10,919,598

LEVERAGE PLATES FOR TRANSFORMING BICYCLE PEDAL ARMS INTO FIRST-CLASS LEVERS FOR PROPELLING A BICYCLE

11. A bicycle and a leverage plate for transforming a bicycle pedal arm into a first-class lever for propelling the bicycle, wherein the bicycle includes a frame, a steering mechanism attached to the frame, a seat attached to the frame for seating a rider, a front wheel rotatably secured to the frame and to the steering mechanism on a front end of the frame, a drive wheel rotatably secured to a rear end of the frame, the drive wheel having a drive gear sprocket for rotating the drive wheel as a driving wheel, a main gear sprocket secured to a gear side of the frame about midway between the front and drive wheels, and a drive-transmitting endless-loop chain secured between the main gear sprocket and the drive gear sprocket so that a revolving motion of the main gear sprocket in a clockwise direction around a view-directional axis, wherein the view-directional axis is aligned and oriented in a view-direction that first passes through the main gear sprocket, then passes through the gear side of the frame, and then passes through and away from a non-gear side of the frame, revolves the drive gear sprocket and the drive wheel to move the bicycle in a desired forward moving direction, a pair of leverage plates secured to opposed ends of a drive axle passing through the main gear sprocket and the frame, wherein each leverage plate comprises:a. an outer planar surface and an opposed frame-side planar surface, the planar surfaces defining a plate throughbore passing through the opposed surfaces of the leverage plate, wherein the drive axle is dimensioned to be secured to the plate throughbore and to pass through an axle throughbore of the main gear sprocket;
b. a pedal arm attachment post secured to and protruding from the outer planar surface of the leverage plate in a direction away from the bicycle frame, the pedal arm attachment post being positioned between the plate throughbore and a perimeter edge of the leverage plate;
c. a pedal arm having an inner end and an opposed outer end, the inner end being secured to the pedal arm attachment post so that the outer end of the pedal arm extends in a direction about parallel to the outer planar surface of the leverage plate and extends beyond the perimeter edge of the leverage plate, the pedal arm attachment post securing the pedal arm against removal from the attachment post, the pedal arm also including an inward side and an opposed outward side, wherein the inward side is closer to the plate throughbore than the outward side of the pedal arm;
d. a pedal rotatably secured to the outer end of the pedal arm so that rotation of the pedal through a 360 degree rotation moves the pedal arm, the leverage plate, the drive axle and the main gear sprocket through a 360 degree rotation around the plate throughbore;
e. a counterclockwise stop post secured to and extending away from the leverage plate in a direction parallel to the pedal arm attachment post and positioned on the leverage plate closer to the perimeter edge of the leverage plate than the pedal arm attachment post, and also positioned closer to the outer end of the pedal arm than the pedal arm attachment post to thereby stop rotation of the pedal arm around the pedal arm attachment post in a counterclockwise direction beyond the counterclockwise stop post; and,
f. the pedal arm attachment post, the counterclockwise stop post and the pedal arm being cooperatively configured so that the pedal arm is secured to pivot about the pedal arm attachment post between the counterclockwise stop post and the drive axle passing through the plate throughbore, and so that, whenever the pedal moves from about a twelve o'clock position above the pedal arm attachment post to about a twelve o'clock position above the plate throughbore, wherein “above” is a direction opposed to a direction of a pull of gravity, the pedal arm moves from adjacent the counterclockwise stop post to adjacent the drive axle extending from the plate throughbore to transform the drive axle into a fulcrum of a pedal arm first-class lever, thereby providing a mechanical advantage to any force being applied in the direction of the pull of gravity to the pedal, to the pedal arm, to the drive-axle fulcrum, and to the pedal attachment post, to thereby facilitate rotation of the leverage plate, the drive axle and the main gear sprocket while the pedal rotates in the clockwise direction from the about twelve o'clock position above the plate throughbore to about a six o'clock position below the plate throughbore.

US Pat. No. 10,919,597

VEHICLE HEIGHT ADJUSTMENT DEVICE

Showa Corporation, Gyoda...

1. A vehicle height adjustment device comprising:a suspension device comprising:
a spring disposed between a body of a vehicle and a wheel; and
a support member supporting one end of the spring, the support member being configured to move toward another one end of the spring to change a length of the spring;
a control unit configured to determine a target movement amount for the support member based on a predetermined interrelation between a weight applied to the vehicle and the target movement amount so that, when the weight is less than a predetermined weight, the target movement amount is increased as the weight increases, and, when the weight is equal to or larger than the predetermined weight, the target movement amount is set to an upper limit value, and to control a movement amount of the support member so that an actual movement amount of the support member reaches the target movement amount; and
a weight estimation unit configured to estimate the weight based on a length of the suspension device and the movement amount of the support member,
wherein the control unit is configured to determine the target movement amount based on a predetermined temporary value of the weight,
wherein the weight estimation unit is configured to increase the temporary value, even when the actual movement amount has reached the target movement amount, when an actual length of the suspension device does not reach a target length,
wherein the control unit is configured to decrease the target length, even when the weight estimation unit has increased the temporary value, when the target movement amount that is set anew and that corresponds to the temporary value that is set anew has reached the upper limit value, and
wherein the weight estimation unit is configured to estimate as the weight the temporary value when the actual length has finally reached the target length.

US Pat. No. 10,919,596

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR SELECTIVE STIFFNESS OF VEHICLE SUSPENSION

Fox Factory, Inc., Brase...

1. A suspension for a vehicle comprising:a strut assembly including at least one longitudinal reinforcement member for coupling to a stanchion of said strut assembly, the longitudinal reinforcement member having a first position in which the strut has a first stiffness in a plane substantially aligned with an up/down and a fore and aft direction relative to the vehicle and a second position in which the strut has a second stiffness, in the direction of the plane, that is lower than the first stiffness; and
a selectively engageable orientation retainer for selectively retaining the longitudinal reinforcement member in the first position, wherein the reinforcement member has a non-uniform circumferential stiffness and the first stiffness in the first position results from the reinforcement member comprising a circumferential body comprised of a plurality of materials, said circumferential body not required to span the entire circumference of said stanchion, at least one of said plurality of materials having a modulus wherein said modulus of said at least one of said plurality of said materials is higher than a modulus of at least one other portion of said strut assembly, said at least one of said plurality of said materials substantially aligned with the plane, and wherein said longitudinal reinforcement member is coupled to said stanchion with clamps.

US Pat. No. 10,919,595

HYDRAULIC SHOCK ABSORBER

Showa Corporation, Gyoda...

1. A hydraulic shock absorber comprising:a vehicle body side tube and a wheel side tube which are respectively disposed on a vehicle body side and a wheel side and arranged in a telescopic manner;
a cylinder provided to the wheel side tube;
a reservoir defined outside the cylinder;
a rod provided to the vehicle body side tube;
a piston provided at a lower end of the rod, the piston slidably abutting an inner circumferential surface of the cylinder, the piston separating the cylinder into an upper chamber and a lower chamber;
a passage formed inside the rod, the passage having an upper end opening that opens at an upper end of the rod and a lower end opening that opens inside the cylinder; and
a control valve provided at an upper portion of the vehicle body side tube, the control valve being configured to apply flow channel resistance to operating oil flowing from the upper end opening of the passage to the reservoir at extension and contraction operations in which the rod exits from and enters the cylinder,
wherein the control valve comprises;
a valve seat formed with a closing face,
a valve body configured to come into contact with the closing face, and
a valve shaft configured to transmit an operation force applied from a driving unit to the valve body,
wherein the control valve is defined with an upstream side flow channel extending from an inlet coupled to the upper end opening, via a space in which the valve body moves, to the closing face, and a downstream side flow channel extending from the closing face to an outlet, and
wherein the control valve is disposed above the cylinder so that a central axis of the valve shaft is inclined relative to a central axis of the vehicle body side tube and the wheel side tube.

US Pat. No. 10,919,594

FOLDABLE BICYCLE AND STORAGE SYSTEM

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A bicycle frame assembly comprising:a frame including a first segment, a second segment connected to the first segment at a first hinge, and a third segment connected to the second segment at a second hinge;
a front wheel and a handlebar assembly connected to the first segment;
a seat assembly connected to the third segment;
a rear wheel connected to the third segment; and
a synchronization cable extending through the second segment from the first hinge to the second hinge;
the first segment and the second segment of the frame being elongated along a longitudinal axis, and the first hinge rotates about a first rotational axis transverse to the longitudinal axis and the second hinge rotates about a second rotational axis transverse to the longitudinal axis, the first hinge and the second hinge being spaced from each other along the longitudinal axis;
the first hinge including faces abutting each other in a first plane, the first plane extending at a non-right angle relative to the longitudinal axis, the first rotational axis of the first hinge extending through the faces of the first hinge;
the second hinge including faces abutting each other in a second plane, the second plane extending at a non-right angle relative to the longitudinal axis, the second rotational axis of the second hinge extending through the faces of the second hinge.

US Pat. No. 10,919,593

GRIP COVER

SRAM, LLC, Chicago, IL (...

1. A grip cover for a bicycle control device, the grip cover comprising:a first durometer portion and a second durometer portion, the first durometer portion having a higher durometer than the second durometer portion,
the first durometer portion comprising an attachment mechanism that includes a projection configured to engage the bicycle control device to maintain the grip cover in contact with the bicycle control device, the projection including a tab; and
the second durometer portion connected to the first durometer portion, the second durometer portion dimensioned to fit on the bicycle control device.

US Pat. No. 10,919,592

BICYCLE WITH COMPLIANT SEAT POST INTERFACE

SPECIALIZED BICYCLE COMPO...

1. A bicycle comprising:a front wheel and a rear wheel;
a frame supported on the front wheel and the rear wheel;
a seat post supported by the frame, an upper portion of the seat post being movable relative to the frame between a static first position and a stressed second position, wherein a lower portion of the seat post is substantially rigidly secured to the frame, wherein the seat post flexes when the upper portion of the seat post moves from the static first position to the stressed second position; and
a damping member coupling the seat post to the frame to dampen movement of the upper portion of the seat post between the static first position and the stressed second position, wherein the damping member comprises a hydraulic damper.

US Pat. No. 10,919,591

TRANSPORT SYSTEM

1. A transport system comprising:a multiplicity of transport carts, wherein the multiplicity of transport carts can be displaced in a transporting direction on a rail system and workpieces can be transported by means of the multiplicity of transport carts, wherein each transport cart has a chassis, wherein
each transport cart has a fastening device, which is intended to establish a connection between the transport cart and a workpiece carrier in order for the workpiece carrier to be transported, and
each fastening device comprises a plurality of fastening points, and each fastening point has a thermal insulating means, which impedes transfer of heat between the workpiece carrier and the transport cart.

US Pat. No. 10,919,590

ROBOTIC REPAIR SYSTEM FOR HIGH MAST LIGHT POLES

INFRASTRUCTURE PRESERVATI...

1. A robotic repair system for high mast light poles comprising:a support ring having a diameter to fit around a high mast light pole;
a guide system secured to and above the support ring;
a repair device having an attachment to repair the high mast light pole, the repair device engaging the guide system; and
a drive secured to the repair device and configured to move the repair device along the guide system;
wherein the guide system comprises a pair of rails.

US Pat. No. 10,919,589

HYBRID SURFACE-TRAVERSING APPARATUS AND METHOD

International Climbing Ma...

1. A surface traversing apparatus adapted to be adhered to a surface by a non-flow-through negative pressure differential, the apparatus comprising:a frame forming a chamber;
a seal having a substantially closed seal perimeter defining an opening of the chamber, the seal perimeter adapted substantially for rolling relative to the chamber and for contact with the surface to be traversed to prevent leakage and maintain a seal with the surface;
a fluid pump comprising an impeller having an inlet fluidically coupled to the chamber and an outlet fluidically coupled to ambient, the fluid pump structured and arranged to produce the non-flow-through negative pressure differential by pumping fluid from the chamber and to cooperate with the seal to adhere the apparatus to the surface; and
a drive configured to move the apparatus relative to the surface.

US Pat. No. 10,919,588

TRACK PIN AND BUSHING RETENTION DESIGN FOR A TRACK CHAIN

Caterpillar Inc., Peoria...

1. A track chain member comprising:a shoe member; and
a first rail member extending from the shoe member, wherein the first rail member includes
a first lug defining a first bore defining a first longitudinal axis and including a first bushing retention shelf disposed in the first bore, a second lug defining a second bore defining a second longitudinal axis and including a second bushing retention shelf disposed in the second bore, the first lug and the second lug extending parallel and spaced apart from each other with the first longitudinal axis aligned with the second longitudinal axis, forming a female yoke; and
a third lug extending in a direction opposite that of the first lug and the second lug, the third lug defining a third bore defining a third longitudinal axis parallel to the second longitudinal axis;
wherein the third lug is disposed axially between the first lug and the second lug along the third longitudinal axis, the third lug includes a third bushing retention shelf disposed in the third bore, the first bore, the second bore and the third bores have cylindrical configurations defining a first radial direction of the first bore, a second radial direction of the second bore, and a third radial direction of the third bore, and the third bushing retention shelf extends radially the same amount as the second bushing retention shelf while the first bushing retention shelf extends further radially than the second or third bushing retention shelve.

US Pat. No. 10,919,587

SUSPENSION SYSTEM FOR WORK VEHICLE

1. A suspension system for supporting a chassis relative to a crawler frame, the suspension system comprising:a link including a first portion and a second portion, the second portion configured to be coupled to the chassis, the link rotatable about an axis extending transversely through the first portion, the first portion including an inner surface, a plurality of projections extending radially inward from the inner surface, and a plurality of peripheral openings defined by spaces between the plurality of projections;
an axle member configured to be secured to the crawler frame, the axle member including a plurality of peripheral projections, each of the peripheral projections positioned in an associated one of the peripheral openings of the first portion, each of the peripheral projections extending radially outwardly with respect to the axis, rotation of the axle member relative to the link about the axis configured to cause each peripheral projection to rotate about the axis within the associated peripheral opening;
a shaft extending along the axis at least partially between the first portion and the axle member;
a bearing supporting the shaft for rotation about the axis relative to at least one of the link and the axle member;
a seal extending along a perimeter of at least the first portion of the link to seal the plurality of peripheral openings;
a plurality of resilient members, each of the resilient members positioned within an associated one of the peripheral openings and engaging an associated peripheral projection, each resilient member damping movement of the associated peripheral projection relative to the link about the axis in at least a first direction; and
at least one auxiliary roller assembly configured to be coupled to the crawler frame, the auxiliary roller assembly including a yoke and a plurality of auxiliary rollers coupled to the yoke, the yoke configured to be rotatable relative to the crawler frame about a yoke axis, the plurality of auxiliary rollers aligned along a direction of travel of the track and configured to engage an inner surface of the track.

US Pat. No. 10,919,586

VEHICLE SHIPPING POSITION TO APPLICATION POSITION CONVERSION

1. A work machine, comprising:a frame including an axle and an arm;
a track undercarriage assembly including an undercarriage assembly connected to the arm, a drive assembly operably attached to the axle, and a track belt mounted on the drive assembly;
wherein the axle includes an axle shaft and an axle flange, and the drive assembly includes a drive sprocket, wherein the drive sprocket includes an inner ring configured to attach to the axle flange, an outer ring configured to rotationally drive the track belt, and a collar that spans between the inner ring and the outer ring;
wherein the undercarriage assembly and the drive assembly are each configured for lateral adjustment relative to a longitudinal centerline of the frame from a first position to a second position;
wherein the drive assembly includes a spacer ring positioned between the inner ring of the drive sprocket and the axle flange to laterally adjust the drive assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,919,585

SYSTEM FOR TRAVELING ON A CYLINDRICAL OR FRUSTOCONICAL SURFACE

FACHHOCHSCHULE AACHEN, A...

1. A system for traveling on a cylindrical or frustoconical surface, the system comprising:an assembly platform;
a plurality of connected undercarriage elements that form a closed circumferential annular array with the assembly platform integrated between two of the undercarriage elements;
a respective continuous-track drive on each of the undercarriage elements;
a plurality of scissor-joint gripping structures that each circumferentially connect a respective two of the connected undercarriage elements to one another and with which a spacing between the respective connected undercarriage elements can be changed, each gripping structure being of variable circumferential length and having a plurality of crossed scissor levers that are pivoted centrally at intersections, each gripping structure having circumferentially and axially spaced end connectors each carrying a respective support element of the respective undercarriage element and each pivotable on the respective connector by 180° between a first orientation in which the respective undercarriage element is radially inward with respect to the gripping structure and a second orientation in which the respective undercarriage element is radially outward with respect to the gripping structure;
respective actuators each for changing the circumferential length of a respective one of the gripping structures and the circumferential spacing between the respective undercarriage elements; and
a plurality of continuous-track drives on the assembly platform at an axial spacing from the annular array of the connected undercarriage elements.

US Pat. No. 10,919,584

WORK VEHICLE

TADANO LTD., Kagawa (JP)...

1. A work vehicle comprising:a travel body;
a work body rotatably supported by the travel body;
a cabin supported by the work body;
a first camera and a second camera mounted in the travel body;
an operation unit that is disposed in an interior space of the cabin, causes the travel body to travel, and receives an operation of an operator for running the work body;
a display disposed in the interior space of the cabin;
a first controller mounted in the travel body; and
a second controller mounted in the work body,
wherein the first controller executes
a first composition process for composition of a first video imaged by the first camera and a second video imaged by the second camera and generating composite video data indicating a composite video, and
a transmission process for transmitting, to the second controller, the composite video data generated in the first composition process, and
wherein the second controller executes
a reception process for receiving the composite video data from the first controller, and
a display process for displaying, on the display, the composite video indicated by the composite video data received in the reception process.

US Pat. No. 10,919,583

ACTIVE DRAG-REDUCTION SYSTEM AND A METHOD OF REDUCING DRAG EXPERIENCED BY A VEHICLE

Ogab Ltd., Somerset (GB)...

1. An active drag-reduction system for a vehicle in which at least one turbulent and/or low pressure region is formed adjacent to the vehicle when moving at a speed above a predetermined threshold speed, the active drag-reduction system configured to reduce the at least one turbulent and/or low pressure region when activated, the active drag-reduction system comprising:at least one first fluid outlet located on the vehicle adjacent to the at least one region;
at least one second fluid outlet located on the vehicle adjacent to the at least one region and spaced from the at least one first fluid outlet, the second fluid outlet arranged to eject fluid substantially toward an interior of the at least one region; and
a fluid supply system configured to:
provide fluid at a first pressure and/or first ejection velocity to the at least one first fluid outlet; and
provide fluid at a second pressure and/or second ejection velocity to the at least one second fluid outlet, wherein the second pressure and/or second ejection velocity is greater than the first pressure and/or first ejection velocity, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,919,582

AERODYNAMIC DEFLECTOR DEVICE FOR MOTOR VEHICLE WHEEL

Valeo Systemes Thermiques...

1. An aerodynamic deflector device for a motor vehicle wheel, comprising:a support configured to be mounted on a motor vehicle;
a deflecting wall mounted on the support so as to be movable between a retracted position in which, in the mounted state, said deflecting wall is raised with respect to the support, and a deployed position in which, in the mounted state, said deflecting wall is lowered with respect to the support and able to be placed upstream of the wheel of the vehicle;
an actuator configured to move said deflecting wall between the retracted and deployed positions,
wherein the deflecting wall has, in cross section, a central part and two lateral parts flaring out from the central part to obtain a divergent shape in the direction of the air flow striking said deflecting wall,
wherein the deflecting wall is connected to the support via pivot bearings and the actuator comprises an output lever having at a free end a pin cooperating with a movement rail of the deflecting wall; and
a closure wall, opposite to the central part, that connects the two lateral parts,
wherein an oblong hole extends parallel to the closure wall, and in the deployed position, the output lever is oriented perpendicularly with respect to the closure wall.

US Pat. No. 10,919,581

WAKE DISRUPTOR FOR USE WITH A LAND VEHICLE

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A method of using a wake disruptor to reduce drag of a land vehicle, the method comprising:providing a land vehicle having a front side spaced apart from a rear side to define a length of the land vehicle, a left side spaced apart from a right side to define a width of the land vehicle, and a top side spaced apart from a bottom side to define a height of the land vehicle;
arranging a wake disruptor along the rear side of the land vehicle in a configuration to reduce drag of the land vehicle, the wake disruptor forming a protrusion having a width extending outwardly from the rear side by a distance of 1.5 to 8 inches and having a length extending at least partially in a direction of the land vehicle width between a pair of opposing terminal ends, the pair of opposing terminal ends each forming an end with airflow impinging there against,
where the wake disruptor has one or more linear portions each forming a portion of the wake disruptor length extending in a direction that is 45 degrees or less, in absolute value, relative to the direction of the land vehicle width, where the one or more linear portions are arranged below a midpoint of a height of the rear side of the land vehicle, as measured from the bottom side of the vehicle to the top side of the land vehicle, and at least at a height greater than or equal to ten percent of the rear side height, and
where the one or more linear portions are arranged to form a V or W-shape, in an upright or inverted arrangement.

US Pat. No. 10,919,580

VEHICLE FRAME AND CARGO BAY LINER

1. A vehicle and liner assembly comprising:a recreational vehicle having a housing, a front end, a rear end, a top, a bottom, and a pair of sidewalls;
a frame assembly, the housing mounted on and supported by the frame assembly;
a liner attached to the frame assembly and covering at least a substantial portion of the bottom of the housing, the liner having a first ply having an outer face with circular dimples and projections extending from an inner face on an opposite side of the first ply and a second ply spaced apart and substantially parallel to the first ply having an outer face having circular convexities, the convexities coinciding with and extending up from corresponding projections on the inner face of the first ply;
a sheet of aluminum foil covering the outer face of said second ply; and
a nonstructural layer of woven or nonwoven fabric mounted to the outer face of the first ply of the liner opposite the face having aluminum foil thereon; configured such that when the liner is mounted on the frame assembly of the recreational vehicle, the aluminum foil is facing an underside of the vehicle and the layer of woven or nonwoven fabric is exposed to and facing the ground.

US Pat. No. 10,919,579

COMPOSITE FLOOR STRUCTURE WITH EMBEDDED HARDPOINT CONNECTOR AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

Wabash National, L.P., L...

1. A cargo body comprising:a composite floor assembly having an upper surface configured to support cargo and a lower surface opposite the upper surface;
a plurality of connectors embedded in the lower surface of the composite floor assembly such that the plurality of connectors face downward; and
a coupler assembly coupled to the plurality of connectors using a plurality of mechanical fasteners, the coupler assembly including a king pin that extends downward from the composite floor assembly to couple the cargo body to a vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,578

VEHICLE BODY REAR FLOOR STRUCTURE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A vehicle body rear floor structure, comprising:a floor panel arranged on a vehicle body rear portion, and
a rear crossmember mounted on the floor panel and extending in a vehicle width direction,
wherein
the rear crossmember comprises a crossmember-front and a crossmember-rear arranged on a rear side of the crossmember-front, wherein the crossmember-front and the crossmember-rear are separate parts before forming the rear crossmember and are integrally joined to form the rear crossmember.

US Pat. No. 10,919,577

ROCKER ASSEMBLY FOR AN AUTOMOTIVE VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. An automotive vehicle comprising:a vehicle body having a fore portion, and an aft portion, and a longitudinal axis extending from the fore portion to the aft portion;
a rocker inner panel comprising a first channel with an interior side and an exterior side, the interior side being secured to the vehicle body, the first channel comprising a first upper horizontal sidewall, a first lower horizontal sidewall, and a first vertical endwall coupling the first upper horizontal sidewall to the first lower horizontal sidewall at the interior side; and
a rocker outer panel secured to the rocker inner panel, the rocker outer panel comprising a second channel, a third channel, and a fourth channel, the second channel being secured to the third channel, the third channel being secured to the fourth channel, an upper cavity being defined between the second channel and the third channel, an intermediate cavity being defined between the third channel and the fourth channel, and a lower cavity being defined between the second channel and the third channel,
wherein the first channel includes a first lower flange and the fourth channel includes a fourth lower flange, the first lower flange being secured to the fourth lower flange.

US Pat. No. 10,919,576

VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle comprising:a front room disposed at a front portion of the vehicle in the vehicle in a vehicle-longitudinal direction;
a fuel cell stack disposed in the front room, the fuel cell stack comprising multiple cells stacked in the vehicle-longitudinal direction inside of a fuel cell case; and
a buffer member disposed in front of the fuel cell case and a stack frame in the vehicle-longitudinal direction;
wherein the stack frame supports the fuel cell stack from a bottom of the fuel cell stack, and the buffer member is fixed to a front end of the stack frame and supported by the stack frame.

US Pat. No. 10,919,575

VEHICLE CHASSIS PLATFORM

REE AUTOMOTIVE LTD, Tel-...

1. A vehicle chassis platform, comprising:a frame having a front frame end, a rear frame end, a longitudinal frame axis, an upper frame surface, a bottom frame surface, a first longitudinal lateral frame surface and a second longitudinal lateral frame surface, wherein the upper frame surface is substantially flat;
two or more mechanical connection assemblies each coupled to one of the first and second longitudinal lateral surfaces, each of mechanical connection assemblies to couple a vehicle corner module (VCM) to the frame and to transfer mechanical loads between the frame and the VCM when the VCM is coupled to the frame; and
two or more suspension units each coupled to one of the first and second longitudinal lateral frame surfaces so as none of components of the respective suspension unit is positioned in an area beneath the bottom frame surface and in an area above the upper frame surface.

US Pat. No. 10,919,574

AUTOMATIC PARKING SYSTEM AND AUTOMATIC PARKING METHOD

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An automatic parking system, comprising:a smart key recognizing sensor recognizing a smart key positioned in a first area;
a sensor device detecting parking areas depending on a size of a subject vehicle if the smart key is recognized; and
a controller controlling the subject vehicle to be parked in an optimal parking area among the parking areas,
wherein the sensor device detects the parking area in consideration of a length and a width of the subject vehicle,
the controller calculates a moving path between a current position of the subject vehicle and the optimal parking area,
the controller calculates:
a first extended straight line including a straight moving path at a time of an initial reverse for parking from a steering angle that has been in a neutral position;
a second extended straight line in a longitudinal direction of the optimal parking area; and
an intermediate extended straight line connecting between the first extended straight line and the second extended straight line so that the subject vehicle moving backward along the first extended straight line coincides with the second extended straight line without colliding with an obstacle when turning and moving backward toward the second extended straight line, and
the moving path includes a portion of the first extended straight line, a portion of the intermediate extended straight line, and a portion of the second extended straight line.

US Pat. No. 10,919,573

SENSOR FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

1. A sensor for a motor vehicle, the sensor comprising:an evaluation unit connected to a first output of the sensor, the evaluation unit connected to a control unit via a first connection; and
a switching signal unit connected to a second output of the sensor in parallel with the evaluation unit, the switching signal unit connected to the control unit via a second connection.

US Pat. No. 10,919,572

CONTROLLING A VEHICLE BASED ON TRAILER SWAY

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:estimating, by a processing device, an estimated articulation angle between a vehicle and a trailer coupled to the vehicle;
calculating, by the processing device, an expected articulation angle between the vehicle and the trailer;
comparing, by the processing device, the estimated articulation angle and the expected articulation angle to determine whether the trailer is experiencing trailer sway; and
responsive to determining that the trailer is experiencing sway, controlling, by the processing device, the vehicle to reduce the trailer sway,
wherein it is determined that the trailer is experiencing trailer sway when the estimated articulation angle minus the expected articulation angle is greater than a threshold,
wherein the expected articulation angle is calculated based at least in part on a turning radius of the vehicle, which is based at least in part on a steering angle of at least an inner road wheel of the vehicle,
wherein the turning radius of the vehicle is expressed as Rt and is calculated using the following equation:
where l represents a length of a wheelbase of the vehicle; ?i represents a steering angle of an inner road wheel of the vehicle; w represents a width of the trailer; b1 represents the distance between a rear axle of the vehicle and a rear of the vehicle; and b2 represents a length of the trailer, andwherein the expected articulation angle is expressed as ? and is calculated at a moment in time k using the following equation:

US Pat. No. 10,919,571

INDEPENDENT SUSPENSION FOR VEHICLES, IN PARTICULAR A SUSPENSION FOR A DIRECTIONAL WHEEL FOR VEHICLES

BRIST AXLE SYSTEMS S.R.L....

1. An independent suspension for a vehicle, comprising:a steering knuckle extending between an outer portion, defining an axis of rotation of a hub of a wheel of the vehicle, and an inner portion comprising a receiving seat extending transversely to the outer portion along a steering axis;
a knuckle-carrier assembly rotatably coupled to the inner portion of the steering knuckle to allow a relative rotation around the steering axis, and comprising a first and a second supporting portion each defining a hinge point substantially horizontal to one end of a respective cross arm;
wherein the knuckle-carrier assembly comprises a first and a second body distinct from one another, in which:
the first body is substantially “L” shaped and has a linear portion, defining a steering pin, and an angled portion, defining the first supporting portion and extending transversely to the linear portion to misalign the respective hinge point by the steering axis;
the second body comprises a coupling portion fitted around the steering pin from which a supporting arm extends, comprising the second supporting portion and projecting laterally to the linear portion of the first body to misalign the respective hinge point from the steering axis.

US Pat. No. 10,919,570

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING STEERING OF VEHICLE

MANDO CORPORATION, Gyeon...

1. An apparatus for controlling steering of a vehicle, the apparatus comprising:at least one processor connected to an Electronic Steering Column Lock (ESCL) system; and
at least one memory storing executable instructions that, if executed by the processor, configure the processor to:
receive information associated with a vehicle from at least one sensor associated with the vehicle;
determine an obstacle condition, whether at least one vehicle wheel is obstructed, based on the information received from the at least one sensor;
determine a locking operation of a steering wheel, whether the steering wheel is to be locked, based on the determined obstacle condition; and
generate an ESCL control signal for controlling the ESCL system based on the determined locking operation of the steering wheel,
wherein:
the information associated with the vehicle comprises information related to an angle of the steering wheel and an angle of the at least one vehicle wheel; and
the processor is configured to determine the obstacle condition based on a difference between the angle of the steering wheel and the angle of the at least one vehicle wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,919,569

VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle control system installed on a vehicle and comprising:a turning device configured to turn a wheel of the vehicle; and
a control device configured to execute turning control that controls the turning device, wherein
the turning control comprises:
first turning control that generates a target trajectory and makes the vehicle follow the target trajectory; and
second turning control that is executed independently of the first turning control without depending on the target trajectory,
when the first turning control and the second turning control are executed simultaneously, the control device determines whether or not the first turning control counteracts turning of the wheel by the second turning control, and
when determining that the first turning control counteracts the turning of the wheel by the second turning control, the control device replans the target trajectory by designating at least one of a current position and a current yaw angle of the vehicle as a starting point of the target trajectory.

US Pat. No. 10,919,568

METHOD FOR OPERATING A STEERING SYSTEM OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a steering system of a motor vehicle with a power steering system including a plurality of actuator paths for applying a respective plurality of partial assist torques which combine for an applied total assist torque to a steering gearbox, each of the plurality of actuator paths including a respective functional unit and a respective motor, the method comprising:activating a first of the plurality of actuator paths as master and activating a second of the plurality of actuator paths as slave;
determining a determined total assist torque in each of the plurality of actuator paths;
determining partial assist torques for all actuator paths in each of the plurality of actuator paths; and
determining a first fault relating to a component that is required for determination of the partial assist torques in the first of the plurality of actuator paths that is activated as master;
activating the first of the plurality of actuator paths previously activated as master as slave when the first fault is present;
activating the second of the plurality actuator paths previously activated as slave as master when the first fault is present; and
receiving the associated partial assist torque by each of the plurality of actuator paths activated as slave from the plurality of actuator paths that is activated as master.

US Pat. No. 10,919,567

ELECTRIC POWER STEERING APPARATUS

NSK LTD., Tokyo (JP)

1. An electric power steering apparatus that calculates a current command value based on a steering torque and a vehicle speed, drives a motor based on said current command value and assist-controls a steering system by a driving-control of said motor, comprising:a handle-returning control section that calculates a target steering angular velocity by using a steering angle, said vehicle speed, said steering torque and said current command value, limits said target steering angular velocity depending on a steering angular velocity, calculates a handle-returning control current by using a limit-target steering angular velocity which is obtained from a pre-limit deviation between said target steering angular velocity and said steering angular velocity, which is suppressed to a limit value or less, and drives said motor by a compensated current command value which is obtained by adding said handle-returning control current to said current command value.

US Pat. No. 10,919,566

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING MOTOR FOR ELECTRIC POWER STEERING SYSTEM

MANDO CORPORATION, Gyeon...

1. An apparatus for controlling a motor for an electric power steering system, the motor comprising a stator on which a plurality of coils are wound and a rotor, which is placed inside the stator and into which a plurality of magnets are inserted, the plurality of coils being divided into two coil groups, the apparatus comprising:a first controller configured to control supply of power applied to a first coil group that is one of the two coil groups;
a second controller configured to control supply of power applied to a second coil group that is the other one of the two coil groups; and
a boost converter configured to compensate for a difference between power output from the first controller and power output from the second controller by compensating a difference between a first voltage input to the first controller and a second voltage input to the second controller by increasing or decreasing one of the first and second voltages.

US Pat. No. 10,919,565

NOISE REDUCTION STRUCTURE OF ELECTRONIC POWER STEERING APPARATUS

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A noise reduction structure of an electronic power steering apparatus including a worm shaft rotated by a motor, a worm wheel engaged in the worm shaft and rotating a steering shaft, and a housing surrounding the worm shaft, the noise reduction structure comprising:a cylindrical damper unit formed as an elastic member in an inner side of the cylindrical damper unit rotatably connected to the worm shaft and configured to absorb a shock transmitted to the worm shaft;
a rubber holder coupled to a semi-cylindrical damper holder formed on a side surface of the damper unit for making a close contact between the worm shaft and the worm wheel; and
a plug unit including a plug holder formed on a lower end of a side surface of the plug unit for coupling to the rubber holder, the plug unit fixed to the housing on an other side surface of the plug unit.

US Pat. No. 10,919,564

MOTOR CONTROL DEVICE, MOTOR, AND ELECTRIC POWER STEERING DEVICE

NIDEC CORPORATION, Kyoto...

1. A motor control device comprising:a frame including a metal material;
a substrate disposed on an upper side of the frame with a gap between the substrate and the upper side of the frame, the substrate including a hole penetrating an upper surface and a lower surface;
a wiring that is inserted into the hole from a side of the upper surface of the substrate and includes a tip portion connected to the substrate; and
an insulating spacer interposed between the frame and the substrate; wherein
the spacer includes a side wall portion that surrounds the tip portion of the wiring in a plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,919,563

STEERING COLUMN FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

thyssenkrupp Presta AG, ...

1. A steering column for a motor vehicle, comprising:a shell part,
a steering shaft including a longitudinal axis and is mounted rotatably in the shell part,
a guide part configured to hold the shell part,
an energy absorption device operatively disposed between the guide part and the shell part, the energy absorption device including:
a bending wire with a first end section and a second end section, the bending wire coupled to the shell part by the first end section and to the guide part by the second end section,
a rail attached by a side wall to the shell part, and
a pin coupled to the guide part,
wherein the second end section of the bending wire has a coupling section that engages behind the pin and is braced at least at a support point on the side wall in response to a crash, wherein the support point is arranged on the side of the pin that is gripped by the coupling section, and
wherein the pin has a first spacing from the side wall, while a second spacing between the pin and the support point measuring in the axial direction is at least 1.1 times the first spacing.

US Pat. No. 10,919,562

STEERING ASSEMBLY WITH POSITIVE LOCK AND ENERGY ABSORPTION AND PYROTECHNIC ACTUATOR

NSK LTD., Tokyo (JP)

1. An energy absorption plate for a steering column assembly comprising:a. a first end and a second end;
b. an arcuate segment;
c. a first generally flat segment between the first end and the arcuate segment;
d. a second generally flat segment between the second end and the arcuate segment;
wherein the first generally flat segment is situated generally parallel to the second generally flat segment and faces away from a column tube and toward a downwardly oriented tilt plate of the steering column assembly;
wherein the second generally flat segment is adapted to be secured to the column tube of the steering column assembly;
wherein the first generally flat segment includes one or more features for engaging with a fastener to lock the column tube in position in the steering column assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,919,561

STEERING DEVICE

YAMADA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A steering device comprising:a pipe into which a steering shaft is inserted so as to be rotatable around a first axis line extending along a forward-rearward direction;
a housing that is supported by a vehicle body, and that supports the pipe so as to be movable in the forward-rearward direction;
a drive unit that moves the pipe in the forward-rearward direction with respect to the housing;
a movable portion that is moved in the forward-rearward direction by the drive unit;
a joint portion that joins the drive unit and the movable portion to each other; and
a load absorbing mechanism that is disposed between the pipe and the movable portion,
wherein the load absorbing mechanism includes
an EA plate disposed in the pipe,
a guide plate disposed in the movable portion, and overlapped with the EA plate when viewed in an intersection direction intersecting the forward-rearward direction, and
a connection member which connects the EA plate and the guide plate to each other, and which is slidable relative to the EA plate and the guide plate in a case where a forward acting load applied to the pipe has a predetermined value or greater.

US Pat. No. 10,919,560

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A VARIABLE-LENGTH STEERING SHAFT

thyssenkrupp Presta AG, ...

1. A method for producing a variable-length steering shaft that includes a hollow shaft with an internal toothing in which a toothed shaft that engages in a positively locking fashion is disposed so as to be telescopic in an axial direction, with the toothed shaft including a toothing region with teeth disposed on an outer circumference and extending in the axial direction, wherein in the toothing region a shaft core is by way of an injection molding process overmolded with a sliding coating comprising thermoplastic material, the method comprising:positioning the shaft core within a mold cavity of an injection molding tool coaxially with respect to a mold surface that delimits the toothing region;
injecting molten plastic through a gate point in an axial end wall of the mold cavity into the mold cavity between the shaft core and the mold surface of the mold cavity;
removing the toothed shaft from the injection molding tool after the molten plastic has solidified; and
providing the hollow shaft and axially inserting the toothing region into the internal toothing.

US Pat. No. 10,919,559

STEERING DEVICE

YAMADA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A steering device comprising:a column unit that includes an outer column and an inner column provided inside the outer column movably in a front-rear direction and that supports a steering shaft such that the steering shaft rotates around a first axis extending in the front-rear direction;
a front bracket that is attached to a vehicle body and that supports the outer column such that the column unit rotates around a second axis extending in a lateral direction;
a lock bolt that is inserted into a through-hole penetrating the outer column in the lateral direction;
a rear bracket that is provided with a tilting guide hole guiding vertical movement of the lock bolt in accordance with rotation of the outer column and that is attached to the vehicle body at a position behind the front bracket; and
an urging member that is connected to the lock bolt and urges the column unit upward via the lock bolt,
a hanger bracket that engages with the inner column via the lock bolt to restrict movement of the inner column relative to the outer column in the front-rear direction in telescopic motion,
wherein the outer column is provided with a bumping portion that restricts the outer column from rising by causing the outer column and the rear bracket to come into contact with each other before the lock bolt abuts onto an upper end inner circumferential edge of the tilting guide hole in accordance with rotation of the column unit about the second axis in tilting motion.

US Pat. No. 10,919,558

STEERING APPARATUS FOR VEHICLE

MANDO CORPORATION, Gyeon...

1. A steering apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:a steering wheel comprising a shaft coupler connected to an upper steering shaft of a vehicle, and a first grip member and a second grip member disposed on the shaft coupler;
a steering column having the upper steering shaft therein and connected with the shaft coupler to change the axial length thereof in accordance with driving modes; and
a controller configured to rotate at least one of the first grip member, the second grip member, and the shaft coupler, depending on the driving modes,
wherein at least one of the first grip member and the second grip member is configured to be rotatable relative to each other about the steering column.

US Pat. No. 10,919,557

MOBILE BASE FOR INFANT CAR SEAT

1. A mobile base for a removable automotive child seat, comprising:a lower platform having top and bottom surfaces with at least one wheel mounted on the bottom surface of the lower platform;
an adjustable telescoping pillar affixed substantially perpendicular to the top surface of the lower platform at a centroid of the substantially identical triangular shape; and
an upper platform having top and bottom surfaces, the top surface of each of the upper and lower platforms having a perimeter in a substantially identical triangular shape with rounded corners, the adjustable telescoping pillar being affixed substantially perpendicular to the bottom surface of the upper platform at the centroid of the substantially identical triangular shape, and the top surface of the upper platform having a pair of upstanding hook features, respectively positioned adjacent left and right corners of the upper platform, removably securing the removable automotive child seat to the mobile base.

US Pat. No. 10,919,556

STACKABLE AND ROLLABLE CARTS AND PROCESSES FOR ASSEMBLING SAME

1. A cart for transporting elongated materials, comprising:a frame;
a plurality of wheels connected to the frame and configured to support the cart;
a first arm and a second arm, each including a first end and a second end;
a first pivot assembly that pivotally connects the first end of the first arm to the frame to allow the first arm to move between a use position and a stored position; and
a second pivot assembly that pivotally connects the first end of the second arm to the frame to allow the second arm to move between the use position and the stored position, wherein:
the first arm and the second arm are substantially parallel to the frame when in the stored position,
the first pivot assembly and the second pivot assembly include a first arm receiver and a second arm receiver, respectively,
the first arm receiver and the second arm receiver are each configured to selectively engage the first end of the first arm and the first end of the second arm, respectively, to selectively maintain the first arm and the second arm in the use position, and to selectively disengage the first end of the first arm and the first end of the second arm, respectively, to allow the first arm and the second arm to be moved from the use position to the stored position, and wherein:
the first pivot assembly and the second pivot assembly include a first locking pin assembly and a second locking pin assembly, respectively, and the first locking pin assembly and the second locking pin assembly are configured to selectively lock the first end of the first arm and the first end of the second arm in the first arm receiver and the second arm receiver, respectively, and are configured to selectively unlock the first end of the first arm and the first end of the second arm from the first arm receiver and the second arm receiver, respectively, to allow the first end of the first arm and the first end of the second arm to be removed from the first arm receiver and the second arm receiver, respectively, and wherein:
the first locking pin assembly and the second locking pin assembly are each configured for manual actuation to unlock the first end of the first arm and the first end of the second arm from the first arm receiver and the second arm receiver, respectively, to allow the arm to move from the use position to the stored position, and for automatic actuation to allow the first arm and the second arm to move from the stored position to the use position and to lock the first arm and the second arm in the use position without manual actuation,
wherein the first pivot assembly includes a first guide plate and the second pivot assembly includes a second guide plate, and wherein the first guide plate and the second guide plate are each configured to guide the first end of the first arm and the first end of the second arm into the first arm receiver and the second arm receiver, respectively, when the first arm and the second arm are pivoted from the stored position to the use position, and wherein the first arm and the second arm each have an elongated body and the guide plates are arranged to be at an angle of about 20 degrees to about 50 degrees relative to the elongated body of the respective arm when the arm is in the use position.

US Pat. No. 10,919,555

AUTOMATED ROBOTIC SHOPPING CART

1. A automated robotic shopping cart comprising:a locomotion subsystem, a controller, and a cart;
wherein the automated robotic shopping cart is a shopping cart that is adapted to follow a shopper by tracking a phone that is in the possession of the shopper;
wherein the automated robotic shopping cart is adapted to provide shopping assistance to the shopper using a display and a touch screen;
wherein the automated robotic shopping cart is adapted to entertain a child riding in the cart;
wherein the locomotion subsystem comprises a drive motor, an axle, a pair of rear wheels, a steering motor, a steering linkage, a pair of front wheels, one or more batteries, and a battery enclosure;
wherein the drive motor causes the cart to move forward or backwards by turning the pair of rear wheels;
wherein the steering motor steers the cart by changing a steering angle of the pair of front wheels;
wherein the drive motor is mounted under a frame at the rear of the cart;
wherein the drive motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy;
wherein the drive motor causes rotation of the axle and the pair of rear wheels when electrical energy is applied to the drive motor;
wherein the electrical energy applied to the drive motor is controlled by the controller;
wherein the drive motor is oriented such that the shaft of the drive motor runs horizontally from left to right;
wherein the axle is laterally oriented and the ends of the axle are coupled to the pair of rear wheels;
wherein the axle is an extension of the shaft of the drive motor or is rotationally coupled to the shaft of the drive motor;
wherein the steering motor is mounted under the frame at the front of the cart;
wherein the steering motor converts electrical energy into mechanical energy;
wherein the steering motor causes movement of the steering linkage when electrical energy is applied to the steering motor;
wherein the electrical energy applied to the steering motor is controlled by the controller;
wherein the steering motor is oriented such that the shaft of the steering motor runs vertically;
wherein the steering linkage is coupled to the bottom of the shaft of the steering motor;
wherein the steering linkage extends laterally and the ends of the steering linkage are coupled to the pair of front wheels;
wherein rotation of the steering motor causes movement of the steering linkage to the right or to the left and causes the pair of front wheels to change their the steering angle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,554

THREE-WHEEL CARGO CART WITH ADJUSTABLE HANDLE HEIGHT

1. A three-wheeled cargo cartcomprising a tub;
a right side tub rear support; a
left side tub rear support;
a first front wheel configured to rotate on a first front wheel axle;
a right side tub lifting handle having a proximal end, and a distal end supported by the first front wheel axle;
a left side tub lifting handle having a proximal end, and a distal end supported by the first front wheel axle;
a right side lever and wheel assembly comprising
a lever having a proximal end and a distal end and a pivot point provided between the proximal end and the distal end,
a lever handle provided on the proximal end of the lever, and
a right side rear wheel configured to rotate in proximity to the distal end of the lever;
a left side lever and wheel assembly comprising
a lever having a proximal end and a distal end and a pivot point provided between the proximal end and the distal end,
a lever handle provided on the proximal end of the lever, and
a left side rear wheel configured to rotate in proximity to the distal end of the lever;
a right hand pivot bracket attached to the tub or attached to the right lifting handle in proximity to the proximal end of the right lifting handle, the right hand pivot bracket comprising
a plurality of adjustment notches, and
a right lever stop cam;
a left hand pivot bracket attached to the tub or attached to the right lifting handle in proximity to the proximal end of the right lifting handle, the right hand pivot bracket comprising
a plurality of adjustment notches, and a
left lever stop cam; and
a crossmember shaft comprising
a right end portion pivotally attached to the right side lever pivot point and to the right hand pivot bracket thereby permitting the right side lever to pivot relative to the right hand pivot bracket, so that as the right side handle is raised, the right rear wheel is lowered, and as the right side handle is lowered, the right rear wheel is raised, and
a left end portion pivotally attached to the left side lever pivot point and to the left hand pivot bracket thereby permitting the left side lever to pivot relative to the left hand pivot bracket, so that as the left side handle is raised, the left rear wheel is lowered, and as the left side handle is lowered, the left rear wheel is raised.

US Pat. No. 10,919,553

TOILET LIFT APPARATUS

1. A toilet lift apparatus comprising:a base having a left side and a right side, the left side being slidably engageable with the right side;
an attachment bar coupled to the base, the attachment bar comprising a left attachment bar and a right attachment bar, the left attachment bar being coupled to the left side of the base and the right attachment bar being coupled to the right side of the base;
a pair of supports coupled to the base, the pair of supports comprising a left support coupled to the left side of the base and a right support coupled to the right side of the base;
a cantilever coupled to the pair of supports, the cantilever comprising a left arm pivotably coupled to the left support and a right arm pivotably coupled to the right support, each of the left arm and the right arm having a lift end and a handle end, the lift end being configured to selectively engage with a toilet, the cantilever pivoting on the pair of supports to lift and alternatively lower the toilet, the cantilever having a rest position and an alternate lifted position;
a ratchet assembly coupled to the cantilever, the ratchet assembly being coupled to the handle end of each of the left arm and the right arm, the ratchet assembly pulling in, or alternatively pushing out, each of the left arm and the right arm, the ratchet assembly thus moving a left half of the toilet lift apparatus comprising the left side of the base, the left attachment bar, the left support, and the left arm of the cantilever and a right half of the toilet lift apparatus comprising the right side of the base, the right attachment bar, the right support, and the right arm of the cantilever from an open position to an alternate closed position; and
a latch bar coupled to the ratchet assembly, the latch bar extending down past the attachment bar and having a plurality of hooks, each of the plurality of hooks being selectively engageable with the attachment bar to secure the cantilever in the lifted position
the ratchet assembly further comprising:
a ratchet mechanism, the ratchet mechanism having a fixed half, a ratchet half, and a pair of sleeves, the fixed half being coupled to the latch bar;
a lever coupled to the ratchet mechanism, the lever having a lever arm coupled to the ratchet half and a lever pad coupled to the lever arm, the lever pad providing a place for a user to operate the ratchet mechanism; and
a pair of threaded extensions coupled to the ratchet mechanism, the pair of threaded extensions being coupled within the pair of sleeves, the pair of threaded extensions rotating as the lever arm is manipulated, the pair of threaded extensions being coupled within the handle end of each of the left arm and the right arm of the cantilever.

US Pat. No. 10,919,552

METHOD FOR DETERMINING AN EMBARKING/DISEMBARKING DURATION OF AN OBJECT

Siemens Mobility GmbH, M...

1. A method for determining a duration of an embarking process and/or a disembarking process of at least one autonomously movable object conveyable by a movable unit, which comprises the step of:determining the duration of the embarking process and/or the disembarking process of the at least one autonomously movable object embarking and/or disembarking the movable unit by using a model describing the embarking process and/or the disembarking process of the at least one autonomously movable object embarking and/or disembarking the movable unit spatially discreetly dynamically, wherein the model processes at least one input;
selecting the at least one input from a variable selected from the group consisting of embarking and/or disembarking data, configuration data, time data and operational data;
selecting the embarking and/or disembarking data from the group consisting of a number, kind or dimension of the autonomously movable object inside the movable unit, a number, kind or dimension of the autonomously movable object outside the movable unit, a number of an obstacle inside the movable unit, a number of an obstacle outside the mobile unit, a number, kind or dimension of an obstacle at the movable unit, and a position of the autonomously movable object;
selecting the configuration data from the group consisting of a location, dimension or kind of an obstacle, a characteristic of the movable unit, and a characteristic of a station of the movable unit;
selecting the time data from the group consisting of a scheduled arrival time of the movable unit at the station, a scheduled departure time of the movable unit at the station, an actual arrival time of the movable unit at the station, an actual departure time of the movable unit at the station, and a preferred duration of the embarking process or the disembarking process;
selecting the operational data from the group consisting of a free-flow velocity of the autonomously movable object, a velocity of the movable unit, and an opening velocity of a door of the movable unit;
selecting the obstacle from the group consisting of a stationary element or a broken door of the movable unit;
wherein the model comprises determining whether the door of the train is functioning or a broken door of the train from a sensor output and the broken door does not open to allow passengers to enter the broken door of the train, and wherein the model further comprises providing for a time delay based on the passengers movement avoiding the broken door and the passengers movement boarding the train based on the movement of the passengers to the functioning door of the train, and applying the time delay of the boarding due to the broken door to a travel time of the train between a plurality of stations.

US Pat. No. 10,919,551

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR TRANSMITTING ENFORCEABLE INSTRUCTIONS IN VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEMS

Wabtec Holding Corp., Wi...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by a cyclic redundancy check (CRC) calculator, an enforceable instruction from a dispatch center, the enforceable instruction received in a first format;
converting, by the CRC calculator, the enforceable instruction from the dispatch center into a second format that is different than the first format;
calculating, by the CRC calculator, an enforceable instruction CRC based at least partly on the enforceable instruction from the dispatch center converted into the second format; and
transmitting, by the CRC calculator, the enforceable instruction CRC in the second format to at least one of a back-office server of a vehicle control (VC) system or an on-board system of a vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,550

METHOD AND POSITIONING DEVICE FOR DETERMINING THE POSITION OF A TRACK-GUIDED VEHICLE, IN PARTICULAR A RAIL VEHICLE

Siemens Mobility GmbH, M...

1. A method for determining a position of a rail vehicle, the method comprising the following steps:using a distance measuring device provided on the vehicle for obtaining first position-determining distance measurement values;
readjusting the distance measuring device based on position marker information available at a position marker on a track;
using a first position marker information recorder connected to the distance measuring device for capturing the position marker information;
using a second position marker information recorder, being offset relative to the first position marker information recorder in a longitudinal direction of the vehicle, for capturing the position marker information of the same position marker and initiating a generation of second position-determining distance measurement values;
connecting a first evaluation device and a further evaluation device to the distance measuring device;
installing the first position marker information recorder at a front of the vehicle and installing the second position marker information recorder at a rear of the vehicle;
when a given position marker is passed by the first position marker information recorder, adjusting the distance measuring device using position marker information captured by the first position marker information recorder, and then providing position-determining distance measurement values of the distance measuring device, which has been adjusted to the first evaluation device and, with the first evaluation device, determining the position of the vehicle from the position-determining distance measurement values of the distance measuring device, which has been adjusted, until the given position marker is passed by the second position marker information recorder; and
when the given position marker is passed by the second position marker information recorder, readjusting the distance measuring device or a further distance measuring device connected to the second position marker information recorder, by position marker information from a respective position marker captured by the second position marker information recorder, and then providing position-determining distance measurement values of the distance measuring device, which has been readjusted, to the further evaluation device and, with the further evaluation device, determining the position of the vehicle from the position-determining distance measurement values of the distance measuring device, which has been readjusted.

US Pat. No. 10,919,549

LANTERN AND MULTI-FUNCTIONAL LED LIGHT FOR RAILWAYS

PROTRAN TECHNOLOGY, LLC, ...

1. A hand-held railway lantern for use on a railway, the hand-held railway lantern including:a case including a front panel, a back panel opposite the front panel, a top panel, a bottom panel, and two side panels connected to form a rectangular shape;
a work light including a front array of lights on the front panel and a back array of lights on the back panel, each array of lights including a plurality of light-emitting diode (LED) lights located on the front panel and the back panel, the plurality of LED lights including a plurality of extra-bright LED lights with multi-colors, the work light configured to have two-sided light capability, the two-sided light capability configured to provide warning and lighting via both the front array of lights and the back array of lights;
a flash light located on the top panel, the flash light including two bright top-mounted LED lights; and
a sensor configured to:
provide orientation position indication, and
turn on the back array of lights and turn off the front array of lights based on the front panel being covered, or turn on the front array of lights and turn off the back array of lights based on the back panel being covered.

US Pat. No. 10,919,548

NON-STOP TRAIN WITH ATTACHING AND DETACHING TRAIN CARS

1. A non-stop train system comprising:a plurality of train cars each comprising:
a braking system coupled to rail wheels;
an operators cab comprising controllers;
a display disposed within the operator's cab;
a front coupler and a rear coupler;
a proximity sensor; and
a wireless transmitter and receiver;
an electronic control module communicatively coupled to the proximity sensor and the display via the wireless transmitter and receiver, and comprising a processor and a memory, and
a track comprising a plurality of drop off and pick up locations, wherein
at least one prepositioned train car of the plurality of train cars is stopped on the track at one of the plurality drop off and pick up locations,
at least one non-stop express train car of the plurality of train cars approaches the one of the plurality drop off and pick up locations on the track initiating the at least one prepositioned train car to begin departure from the one of the plurality drop off and pick up locations,
the proximity sensors detect a distance and a relative speed between the at least one non-stop express train car and the at least one prepositioned train car, and
the electronic control module processes inputs of the proximity sensors and outputs data comprising the distance and the relative speed between the at least one non-stop express train car and the at least one prepositioned train car on the display to facilitate manual coupling, automated coupling, or a combination thereof of the front coupler of the at least one non-stop express train car to the rear coupler of the at least one prepositioned train car while moving along the track.

US Pat. No. 10,919,547

ENCODER BEARING HUB ASSEMBLY FOR RAIL VEHICLES

HARSCO TECHNOLOGIES LLC, ...

1. A bearing hub assembly for a rail vehicle comprising:a body portion configured to couple to an outside surface of a rail guide wheel apparatus;
a disc portion operatively coupled to the body portion and configured to couple to an inside surface of a rail wheel, wherein the disc portion is configured to rotate with the rail wheel and relative to the body portion;
a ring member including a plurality of magnets each having a first polarity, the ring member configured to rotate with the disc portion; and
a sensor disposed on the body portion, wherein the sensor is configured to capture sensor data associated with rotation of the disc portion and the sensor includes a sensor head having a second polarity opposite to the first polarity and aligned with the ring member such that the sensor head is configured to detect movement of the plurality of magnets.

US Pat. No. 10,919,546

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DETECTING TANKS IN RAILWAY ENVIRONMENTS

BNSF Railway Company, Fo...

1. A method, comprising:identifying, by an image detection tool, a tank within an image of a railway environment;
analyzing, by the image detection tool, the tank to determine one or more characteristics associated with the tank;
determining, by the image detection tool, a plurality of tank classifications, wherein the plurality of tank classifications comprises:
a first tank classification associated with a hazardous material; and
a second tank classification associated with a nonhazardous material;
classifying, by the image detection tool, the tank into the first tank classification based on the one or more characteristics;
identifying, by the image detection tool, a railroad track within the image of the railway environment;
determining, by the image detection tool, a distance between the tank and the railroad track;
comparing, by the image detection tool, the distance between the tank and the railroad track to a predetermined threshold distance;
determining, by the image detection tool, that the tank presents a hazard to the railway environment based on:
classifying the tank into the first tank classification; and
comparing the distance between the tank and the railroad track to the predetermined threshold distance; and
generating, by the image detection tool, an alert in response to determining that the tank presents the hazard to the railway environment.

US Pat. No. 10,919,545

APPARATUS FOR MONITORING RAILROAD CAR AND MONITORING METHOD USING THE SAME

Globiz Co., Ltd., Seoul ...

1. A method of monitoring a problem related to a railroad car by a railroad car monitoring apparatus, the method comprising:selecting a monitoring target of the railroad car;
selecting a diagnosis reference related to the monitoring target;
measuring travelling data related to the monitoring target by using a plurality of different kinds of sensors while the railroad car travels; and
comparing each of the travelling data with a reference value in a normal state and determining whether a defect is generated in the monitoring target, wherein the selecting of the monitoring target includes: selecting a monitoring target having high problem reproducibility and a monitoring target having low problem reproducibility according to problem reproducibility; and
setting a characteristic function according to the monitoring target;
wherein the determining of the generation of the defect in the monitoring target includes:
determining of the generation of the defect in the monitoring target having high problem reproducibility by comparing a result value of the characteristic function with the reference value in the normal state,
evaluating repeatability for excess of the reference, and
determining of the generation of the defect in the monitoring target having low problem reproducibility by comparing a result value of the characteristic function with the reference value in the normal state in real time.

US Pat. No. 10,919,544

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR INTERLOCKING A MECHANICAL GAP FILLER, A GUIDED VEHICLE DOOR AND A PLATFORM SCREEN DOOR

Siemens Mobility GmbH, M...

1. A safety control system for interlocking a mechanical gap filler (MGF) with both a platform screen door (PSD) and a guided vehicle door (GVD) of a guided vehicle when the guided vehicle is at standstill along a platform, the safety control system comprising:a communication device for communicating with a GVD control system, with a PSD control system and with a MGF control system; and
a processing unit configured for exchanging data with the GVD control system, with the PSD control system and with the MGF control system via said communication device, said processing unit being further configured for determining from the data an extension/retraction state of the MGF, an opening/closing state of the PSD and an opening/closing state of the GVD, and wherein said processing unit is configured for generating both of the following signals:
i. a first signal configured for either triggering an opening of the PSD and GVD if the extension/retraction state of the MGF is in a “fully extended” state or preventing the PSD control system and the GVD control system to open respectively the PSD and the GVD if the extension/retraction state of the MGF is in a “retracted” state or a “partly extended” state;
ii. a second signal configured for either preventing the MGF control system from retracting the MGF if the closing/opening state of the PSD or GVD is in a “fully opened” state or a “partly opened” state, or triggering a retraction of the MGF if the closing/opening state of both the PSD and GVD is in a “closed” state.

US Pat. No. 10,919,543

LEARNING METHOD AND LEARNING DEVICE FOR DETERMINING WHETHER TO SWITCH MODE OF VEHICLE FROM MANUAL DRIVING MODE TO AUTONOMOUS DRIVING MODE BY PERFORMING TRAJECTORY-BASED BEHAVIOR ANALYSIS ON RECENT DRIVING ROUTE

StradVision, Inc., Gyeon...

1. A learning method for calculating collision probability comprising:(a) providing a learning device configured to acquire (i) at least one status vector, corresponding to at least one piece of circumstance information for verification including at least part of (i-1) at least one piece of subject motion information on at least one subject vehicle and (i-2) one or more pieces of surrounding motion information on at least part of one or more surrounding objects located closer than a threshold from the subject vehicle, in a subject time range for verification from a first timing to a T-th timing, and (ii) at least one trajectory vector, corresponding to at least one piece of route information for verification on at least one driving route driven by the subject vehicle in the subject time range for verification, and then to perform processes of (i) instructing a status network to apply at least one first neural network operation to the status vector, to thereby generate at least one status feature map and (ii) instructing a trajectory network to apply at least one second neural network operation to the trajectory vector, to thereby generate at least one trajectory feature map;
(b) the learning device is further configured to acquire at least one concatenated feature map corresponding to the status feature map and the trajectory feature map, and then to instruct a safety network to apply at least one third neural network operation to the concatenated feature map, to thereby calculate at least one predicted collision probability representing a predicted probability of an occurrence of at least one accident caused by the driving route indicated by the route information for verification with regard to a circumstance indicated by the circumstance information for verification; and
(c) the learning device is further configured to instruct a loss layer to generate at least one loss by referring to the predicted collision probability and at least one Ground-Truth (GT) collision probability, which have been acquired beforehand, and to perform backpropagation by using the loss, to thereby learn at least part of parameters of the safety network, the trajectory network and the status network.

US Pat. No. 10,919,542

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING A KINESTHETIC CUE IN A DRIVING AUTOMATION EQUIPPED VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of controlling a vehicle comprising:receiving a lane change request;
activating a first kinesthetic cue in response to the lane change request wherein the first kinesthetic cue is performed by moving the vehicle within a lane in the direction of the lane change maneuver and back to a center of the lane; and
performing a lane change maneuver in response to a performance of the kinesthetic cue.

US Pat. No. 10,919,541

METHOD FOR ASSISTING A DRIVER

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for assisting a driver of a motor vehicle, comprising:determining a target value for a future acceleration of the motor vehicle;
determining an instantaneous value of at least one kinematic variable of the motor vehicle by a control device;
in response to the determined instantaneous value, determining an actual value for a speed of the motor vehicle;
based on the actual value for the speed, determining an actual value of an instantaneous acceleration of the motor vehicle;
comparing the target value for the future acceleration with the actual value of the instantaneous acceleration to provide a comparison result;
displaying the comparison result on a display panel; and
recommending an acceleration change by actuating a gas pedal of the motor vehicle, wherein the gas pedal is actuated by an actuator.

US Pat. No. 10,919,540

DRIVING ASSISTANCE METHOD, AND DRIVING ASSISTANCE DEVICE, DRIVING CONTROL DEVICE, VEHICLE, AND RECORDING MEDIUM USING SAID METHOD

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A driving assistance device comprising:a travel history generator that generates, for each of drivers, a travel history associating an environmental parameter indicating a travel environment through which a vehicle has previously traveled with an action selected by each of the drivers in response to the environmental parameter;
an acquisition unit that acquires a travel history similar to a travel history of a current driver from among travel histories generated by the travel history generator;
a driver model generator that generates a driver model based on the travel history acquired by the acquisition unit and the travel history of the current driver: and
a determination unit that determines a next action based on the driver model generated by the driver model generator and an environmental parameter indicating a current travel environment of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,539

METHOD FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for operating a vehicle control system including at least two actuators acting upon a driving state variable, the method comprising:initially activating, to influence the driving state variable, a first actuator of the at least two actuators; and
performing, via an actuating signal of a regulating and control unit, a switchover to a second actuator of the at least two actuators at a time interval prior to arrival at a limiting boundary condition of the first actuator, wherein the limiting boundary condition differs from the driving state variable that is controllable via activation of the actuator;
wherein in an initial state, a selected distribution is carried out between the at least two actuators,
wherein the vehicle is a hybrid vehicle having an electric drive motor and an internal combustion engine and a hydraulic braking system, in which at least one of the at least two actuators is associated with the electric drive motor and another of the at least two actuators is associated with the internal combustion engine and a hydraulic braking system,
wherein a weighting of the actuators, which act together upon a same driving state variable, is adjustable, so that a contribution of each actuator is settable variably for attaining the driving state variable,
wherein a time of arrival at the limiting boundary condition is determined from a characteristic curve of the driving state variable, and
wherein boundary conditions are taken into account in the electric drive motor and in the hydraulic braking system, in response to exceedance of limiting values, wherein the boundary conditions for the electric drive motor and the hydraulic braking system result in functional impairment of the actuators, and
wherein a voltage state of a vehicle battery, which is charged in a generator mode of the electric drive motor is monitored, wherein the generator mode is sustained until the vehicle battery is charged, wherein a current state of the charge in the vehicle battery is monitored;
temporally prior to arrival at a maximum state of charge, which represents a limiting value, a switchover being made to the vehicle brake as the solely active actuator during the braking.

US Pat. No. 10,919,538

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR PROVIDING A USER INTERFACE FOR AT LEAST ONE DEVICE OF A TRANSPORTATION VEHICLE

Volkswagen Aktiengesellsc...

1. A method for providing a user interface for at least one device of a transportation vehicle, the method comprising:assigning a certain location to the at least one device;
detecting an initiation gesture by a user, wherein an initiation direction is associated with the initiation gesture and an approximate value is determined for the device based on the initiation direction, wherein the approximate value quantifies how the user is indicating the certain location;
generating and emitting an acknowledgement signal based on the approximate value;
selecting a device when the approximate value exceeds a particular threshold value;
generating and displaying an operating possibility display for the selected device, wherein the operating possibility display contains information about possible operations for the selected device;
detecting an operating gesture by the user; and
generating and transmitting a control signal for the selected device to the device based on the detected operating gesture;
wherein the acknowledgement signal and/or the operating possibility display are/is emitted to establish a spatial reference to the device.

US Pat. No. 10,919,537

VEHICLE SENSOR TRACKING FOR CUSTOMIZED VEHICLE PROFILE

TOYOTA MOTOR NORTH AMERIC...

1. A method, comprising:monitoring data when the data is associated with at least one detected behavior of a first user;
quantifying the at least one detected behavior into a first value;
sending the first value to a first server and a second server;
comparing the first value to a first threshold at the first server;
comparing the first value to a second threshold at the second server;
determining whether to increment a first score at the first server and a second score at the second server, when the first value is greater than one or more of the first threshold and the second threshold; and
determining whether to decrement the first score at the first server and the second score at the second server, when the first value is less than one or more of the first threshold and the second threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,919,536

EMERGENCY CONTROL DEVICE FOR VEHICLE

MANDO CORPORATION, Pyeon...

1. A control device for a vehicle, comprising:a sensor mounted to the vehicle and configured to detect a state of a driver of the vehicle;
a processor configured to determine a level of inattentiveness of the driver among a plurality of levels of inattentiveness of the driver based on the state of the driver detected by the sensor; and
a controller configured to provide different control signals for controlling the vehicle based on different levels of inattentiveness of the driver determined by the processor,
wherein upon determining the level of inattentiveness of the driver, the controller is configured to initiate the different control signals for controlling the vehicle with the different time delays, wherein an amount of time delay by which the different control signals are initiated is determined based on the determined level of inattentiveness of the driver.

US Pat. No. 10,919,535

OPERATOR STATE DETERMINING DEVICE

Mazda Motor Corporation, ...

1. An operator state determining device, comprising:an image pick-up device disposed inside a cabin of a vehicle, and configured to capture image data of an operator from a side, the image pick-up device also being configured as a torso angle detector configured to detect a first torso angle and a second torso angle of the operator;
a processor configured to execute a posture measuring module to measure a torso angle change that is an amount of change between the first torso angle before the operator assumes a posture corresponding to an unconscious state and the second torso angle after the operator assumes the posture corresponding to the unconscious state, based on the first torso angle, the second torso angle, and the torso angle change of the operator detected by the torso angle detector;
a memory configured to store a given turnout angle, a given second head-pitch angle change, and a given torso angle change,
the posture measuring module is configured to be further executed by the processor to measure a head-pitch angle change that is a difference between a first head-pitch angle of the operator before the operator assumes the posture corresponding to the unconscious state and a second head-pitch angle of the operator after the operator assumes the posture corresponding to the unconscious state, based on the image data of the operator imaged by the image pick-up device, and
wherein the processor is further configured to execute an abnormality determining module to determine that the operator is in an abnormal state when the first torso angle detected by the torso angle detector before the operator assumes the posture corresponding to the unconscious state is inclined rearward more than the given turnout angle, and the head-pitch angle change is greater than the given second head-pitch angle change, and the torso angle change is greater than the given torso angle change.

US Pat. No. 10,919,534

SLIP CONTROL METHOD AND ARRANGEMENT FOR A DRIVELINE

TRANSMISSION CVTCORP INC....

1. A method to control the slippage of a driveline including a prime mover having an output shaft, a clutch having an input connected to the output shaft of the prime mover and an output connectable to a load; the clutch having a controllable slippage level between its input and output via a controllable pressure applied thereonto, the slippage control method including:determining a usable torque of the prime mover;
determining a slippage condition of the clutch and
controlling the pressure applied to the clutch according to the determined slippage condition of the clutch so as to allow the usable torque to pass therethrough and to cause the clutch to slip should a torque between the input and output of the clutch be greater than the usable torque.

US Pat. No. 10,919,533

VEHICLE CONTROL SYSTEM AND CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

MANDO CORPORATION, Gyeon...

1. A vehicle control system comprising:an inputter configured to receive a wheel speed of a vehicle; and
a controller configured to determine a wheel spin based on the wheel speed, determine whether the vehicle passes over a pothole based on the tendency of the wheel spin, and calculate time for delaying start of engine traction control based on the wheel speed and delay the start of the engine traction control for the time calculated based on the wheel speed when it is determined that the vehicle passes over the pothole.

US Pat. No. 10,919,532

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR LONGITUDINAL CONTROL IN AUTOMATIC LANE CHANGE IN AN ASSISTED DRIVING VEHICLE

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A method for controlling a host vehicle comprising:determining, by a sensor data processor, a first headway between the host vehicle and a lead vehicle wherein the host vehicle and the lead vehicle are travelling in a first lane;
determining, by the sensor data processor, a second headway between the host vehicle and a proximate vehicle wherein the proximate vehicle is travelling in an adjacent lane to the first lane;
receiving a request, by a vehicle processor from an assisted driving algorithm, to move the host vehicle into the adjacent lane;
adjusting by the vehicle processor, a first velocity of the host vehicle in response to the first headway and the second headway;
determining, by the sensor data processor, a third headway between the host vehicle and a proximate vehicle; and
steering the host vehicle, by the vehicle processor, from the first lane to the adjacent lane in response to the third headway exceeding a threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,919,531

METHOD AND DEVICE IN A MOTOR VEHICLE FOR AN AUTOMATIC DRIVE

Volkswagen AG

1. A method in a transportation vehicle for automated driving, the method comprising:detecting other transportation vehicles in the surroundings of the transportation vehicle by at least one sensor system;
detecting and identifying, by the at least one sensor system, lanes;
assigning, by a controller of the transportation vehicle, the detected other transportation vehicles to the identified lanes;
identifying and evaluating, by the controller, an intention to overtake the transportation vehicle by one of the other transportation vehicles;
checking time prescriptions, by the controller, including checking a time period since a last completed lane change, and preventing a transition of the transportation vehicle from a current lane to a target lane in response to the time period since the last completed lane change undershooting a threshold value; and
in response to the time period since the last completed lane change being greater than the threshold value, calculating, by the controller, a total benefit of the transition of the transportation vehicle from the current lane to the target lane, wherein the total benefit of the transition of the transportation vehicle from the current lane to the target lane increases if flow speed of the transportation vehicle after a possible lane change is expected to increase and decreases if the flow speed of the transportation vehicle after a possible lane change is expected to decrease, and adapting, by the controller, a driving behavior of the transportation vehicle,
wherein the transition of the transportation vehicle from the current lane to the target lane is executed in response to the calculated total benefit reaching or exceeding a predefined total benefit threshold value, and
wherein the transition of the transportation vehicle from the current lane to the target lane is not executed in response to the calculated total benefit falling below the predefined total benefit threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,919,530

METHOD FOR DECELERATING A VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method for decelerating a vehicle including a brake system, the brake system including a hydraulic vehicle brake and an electromechanical braking mechanism with an electric brake motor, the method comprising:actuating the electric brake motor of the electromechanical braking mechanism to produce a braking force against a brake disc in an event of a failure of the hydraulic vehicle brake; and
operating the drive train of the vehicle in a manner that produces a decelerating torque in the drive train in the event of the failure of the hydraulic vehicle brake,
wherein the decelerating torque produced by the drive train is maintained beyond a time at which the braking force is made available in the electromechanical braking mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,919,529

METHOD FOR OPERATING A VEHICLE WITH A VEHICLE POWERTRAIN AND A VEHICLE BRAKE

ZF FRIEDRICHSHAFEN AG, F...

1. A method for operating a vehicle having a vehicle drive train (1) and a vehicle brake (7), comprising:operating the vehicle in a coasting condition;
initiating a downshift in an automatic transmission (3) during the coasting condition, at least one friction-locking shift element (C; B) is to be disengaged and one form-fit shift element (A; F) is to be engaged during the downshift; and
supporting at least a portion of an output torque present at a driven end (4) of the automatic transmission (3) with a drive motor (2) at the point in time of a demand for the downshift and before beginning to disengage the at least one friction-locking shift element (C; B) during the downshift,
wherein the drive motor (2) is actuated before implementation of the downshift in order to reduce the portion of the output torque which is supportable with the drive motor (2), and a portion of the output torque is supported with the vehicle brake (7) via actuation of the vehicle brake (7).

US Pat. No. 10,919,528

VEHICLE DRIVING ASSISTANCE DEVICE AND VEHICLE

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

18. A driver assistance apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:a camera configured to acquire a front field-of-view image of the vehicle;
an output unit; and
a processor configured to detect at least one traffic sign based on the front field-of-view image of the vehicle, determine whether the traffic sign fits travel information of the vehicle, and, when the traffic sign fits the travel information, perform control to output the traffic sign through the output unit,
wherein the processor is further configured to:
acquire lane information on a lane in which a vehicle is travelling,
detect a plurality of traffic signs based on the front field-of-view image of the vehicle, and
perform control to output a traffic sign which fits the lane information among the plurality of traffic signs,
wherein the plurality of traffic signs comprises a first traffic sign based on a traffic signboard for a permitted left turn of the vehicle, and a second traffic sign based on a traffic lamp for straight running of the vehicle, and
wherein the processor is further configured to:
acquire situation information indicating a situation that the vehicle is travelling on a left-turn lane, and
perform control to output the first traffic sign and not to output the second traffic sign.

US Pat. No. 10,919,527

INERTIAL DRIVING GUIDE APPARATUS AND CONTROL METHOD

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An inertial driving guide apparatus, comprising:a navigation system configured to output a traveling route according to an input of a destination of a current vehicle; and
a controller for providing an inertial driving guide for the current vehicle according to current traveling road conditions depending on the input route,
wherein, if a preceding vehicle is present in front of the current vehicle when the inertial driving guide for the current vehicle is performed, the controller is configured to compare vehicle information on the preceding vehicle with vehicle information on the current vehicle and to change a driving setting for inertial driving of the current vehicle, and
wherein the driving setting includes a target point and a target vehicle speed set for the inertial driving guide.

US Pat. No. 10,919,526

DYNAMIC ELEMENT PROTECTION

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a door configured to open along a sweep volume; and
one or more processors operatively coupled to one or more sensors, the one or more processors configured to:
determine, using the one or more sensors, that a dynamic element located in an environment external to the vehicle is moving along a trajectory that intersects at least a portion of the sweep volume of the door;
determine, using one or more interior sensors, a proximity of an occupant of the vehicle to a latch device of the door; and
based on a determination that the dynamic element moving along the trajectory intersecting at least a portion of the sweep volume of the door and based on determination of the proximity of the occupant to the latch device of the door:
selectively restrict the door from moving through the at least a portion of the sweep volume, or
provide a warning prompt to the occupant of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,525

ADVANCED DRIVER ASSISTANCE SYSTEM, VEHICLE HAVING THE SAME, AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE VEHICLE

MANDO CORPORATION, Suwon...

1. An advanced driver assistance system comprising:an image acquisition device configured to acquire an image of a road in front of a vehicle; and
a controller including a processor configured to process the image of the road acquired by the image acquisition device,
wherein the controller is configured to recognize a lane line, a subject lane, and an obstacle, and determine a width of the obstacle overlapping the subject lane, based on the acquired image of the road,
if an obstacle is found to exist on at least one of two subject lane lines constituting the subject lane, output a braking control signal or a route adjusting signal, and
determine whether to cause the vehicle to keep travelling on the subject lane based on a relative value of the determined width of the obstacle overlapping the subject lane relative to a reference width.

US Pat. No. 10,919,524

FAULT-TOLERANT COMPUTER SYSTEM FOR ASSISTED AND AUTONOMOUS DRIVING

TTTECH AUTO AG, Vienna (...

1. A fault-tolerant system for generating safe trajectories for a vehicle, the fault-tolerant system comprising:one or more computers comprising:
a sensor part;
a primary part;
a secondary part;
a tertiary part; and
a decide part,
wherein the primary part and the tertiary part are configured to produce trajectories by interpreting real world information as perceived by the sensor part,
wherein the secondary part is configured to produce a safe space estimate by interpreting the real world information as perceived by the sensor part,
wherein the decide part and/or the secondary part are configured to execute correctness checks that take the trajectories and the safe space estimate as inputs and qualify a trajectory of the trajectories as safe when said trajectory is inside the safe space estimate and unsafe when said trajectory is not inside the safe space estimate,
wherein the one or more computers are configured to cause the vehicle, based on the trajectory being qualified as safe, to fully-autonomously or semi-autonomously maneuver along the trajectory,
wherein the sensor part is developed according to an ASIL level of: a QM level, an ASIL A level, or an ASIL B level,
wherein the primary part is developed according to the ASIL level of: the QM level, the ASIL A level, or the ASIL B level,
wherein the secondary part is developed according to the ASIL level of: the ASIL B level, an ASIL C level, or an ASIL D level,
wherein the tertiary part is developed according to the ASIL level of: the ASIL B level, the ASIL C level, or the ASIL D level, and
wherein the decide part is developed according to the ASIL level of: the ASIL D level.

US Pat. No. 10,919,523

SMART VEHICLE APPARATUS, SYSTEM, AND METHOD

CenturyLink Intellectual ...

1. A method, comprising:receiving, with a computing system, at least one first sensor data from each of one or more Internet of Things (“IoT”)-capable devices via machine-to-machine communications, each of the one or more IoT-capable devices comprising one or more first sensors that collect the at least one first sensor data;
analyzing, with the computing system, the at least one first sensor data to determine one or more first actions to be taken;
identifying, with the computing system, one or more vehicular components associated with a vehicle for performing the determined one or more first actions to be taken, based on the at least one first sensor data from each of the one or more IoT-capable devices; and
autonomously controlling, with the computing system, each of the identified one or more vehicular components to perform one or more tasks, based on the determined one or more first actions to be taken.

US Pat. No. 10,919,522

AUTOMATED EXPLOITATION OF SHADE-GIVING STRUCTURES

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A method comprising:obtaining a parking area constraint that delineates a parking area within which a mobile machine is designated to park;
obtaining a time constraint that delineates a time period that the mobile machine is designated to park in the parking area;
obtaining one or more mobile machine parameters for the mobile machine in which the one or more mobile machine parameters are affected by an amount of sunlight that irradiates the mobile machine;
determining, based on the parking area constraint and the time constraint, a first parking position within the parking area during the time period;
determining, based on the parking area constraint and the time constraint, a second parking position within the parking area during the time period;
identifying, based on the parking area constraint, one or more shade-providing objects that provide shade within the parking area;
determining, based on the one or more shade-providing objects, one or more shadow profiles in which each shadow profile is for a respective shadow created by a respective one of the one or more shade-providing objects during the time period, wherein determining the one or more shadow profiles includes determining movement of each respective shadow during the time period;
determining, based on the time constraint, the parking area constraint, and the one or more shadow profiles, a first shadow-position relationship that indicates shade provided at the first parking position during the time period;
determining, based on the time constraint, the parking area constraint, and the one or more shadow profiles, a second shadow-position relationship that indicates shade provided at the second parking position during the time period;
selecting for the mobile machine to park at the first parking position instead of the second parking position based on the first shadow-position relationship, the second shadow-position relationship, and the one or more mobile machine parameters;
determining a trajectory between the first parking position and the second parking position;
predicting an amount of energy use to move the mobile machine along the trajectory between the first parking position and the second parking position; and
causing the mobile machine to move from the first parking position to the second parking position based on the predicted amount of energy use, the one or more mobile machine parameters, and the movement of one or more shadows.

US Pat. No. 10,919,521

SMART PARKING ASSIST SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING THE SAME

MANDO CORPORATION, Gyeon...

1. A smart parking assist system comprising:a parking space setting unit which sets a parking space for automatic parking of a vehicle on the basis of information acquired through a sensor installed in a vehicle;
an automatic parking control unit which controls automatic parking of the vehicle in the set parking space; and
an obstacle detection unit which detects an obstacle having a predetermined height or less that is located on a path for automatic parking of the vehicle on the basis of one or more of a target speed, a moving speed, and an engine driving torque of the vehicle in a process of controlling the automatic parking of the vehicle,
wherein the automatic parking control unit is configured to:
when the obstacle having the predetermined height or less is detected in an area designated based on the set parking space, change a parking termination point of the set parking space and control the automatic parking of the vehicle, and
when the obstacle having the predetermined height or less is detected outside the area designated based on the set parking space, increase the engine driving torque of the vehicle and control the automatic parking of the vehicle based on the set parking space.

US Pat. No. 10,919,520

INTEGRATED CHASSIS CONTROL

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A control system for a vehicle that has tires, comprising:vehicle actuators that are operable to affect actual chassis-level accelerations, wherein the vehicle actuators include propulsion actuators, braking actuators, and steering actuators;
a vehicle intelligence unit that determines a motion plan, wherein the motion plan includes an intended direction of travel for the vehicle and an intended speed of travel for the vehicle;
a vehicle motion control unit that:
determines actuation limits for the propulsion actuators, determines actuation limits for the braking actuators, and determines actuation limits for the steering actuators, wherein the actuation limits describe a maximum actuator effort that each of the actuators can contribute,
determines feasible chassis-level accelerations based on the actuation limits, and
determines a chassis-level motion request based on the motion plan and the feasible chassis-level accelerations, wherein the chassis-level motion request describes motion of a chassis of the vehicle that is intended to cause the vehicle to follow the motion plan; and
a chassis control unit that:
determines desired longitudinal tire forces and lateral tire forces for each of the tires according to the chassis-level motion request, wherein the desired tire forces, in combination, satisfy the chassis-level motion request,
determines actuator commands for the vehicle actuators by coordinating the effort of the vehicle actuators according to the desired tire forces and based on the actuation limits, and
transmits the actuator commands to the vehicle actuators to cause motion that is consistent with the chassis-level motion request.

US Pat. No. 10,919,519

HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING A DRIVE MODE THEREFOR

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method of controlling a drive mode of a hybrid electric vehicle, comprising:recognizing at least one of a pedestrian and an air pollution level around the hybrid electric vehicle;
determining whether each of the recognized pedestrian and the recognized air pollution level meets a corresponding prescribed exhaust gas reduction mode request condition;
determining an exhaust gas reduction mode drive according to a result of the determination;
controlling to cause the hybrid vehicle to operate in the exhaust gas reduction mode; and
wherein the recognizing comprises: estimating the number of the pedestrian through at least one of area information and feature information.

US Pat. No. 10,919,518

METHODS AND SYSTEM FOR IMPROVING HYBRID VEHICLE TRANSMISSION GEAR SHIFTING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A driveline operating method, comprising:adjusting a transmission instantaneous lower torque threshold via a controller in response to a reported transmission torque ratio, a transmission torque ratio in an old gear, and a transmission input torque without modification, the reported transmission torque ratio responsive to an off-going clutch torque capacity and an estimated transmission input torque; and
adjusting torque of an engine responsive to the transmission instantaneous lower torque threshold via the controller.

US Pat. No. 10,919,517

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING ENGINE POWER DURING CHARGE DEPLETING (CD) MODE HEATING

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for controlling engine power during charge depleting (CD) mode heating of a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV), wherein the engine power is controlled according to an amount of heat of an engine required for heating using a level of an air-conditioning blower at a point in time at which an operation of the engine starts, an outdoor air temperature, and a coolant temperature, if a full automatic temperature controller (FATC) operates the engine for heating when the vehicle is driven in a CD mode,wherein the engine power is controlled by an engine power map set according to the level of the air-conditioning blower, the outdoor air temperature, and the coolant temperature,
wherein, as the outdoor air temperature and the coolant temperature decreased the engine power increases, and
wherein, as the outdoor air temperature and the coolant temperature increase, the engine power decreases.

US Pat. No. 10,919,516

HYBRID VEHICLE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. A hybrid vehicle, comprising:an engine;
a continuously variable transmission connected with an output shaft of the engine and with a driveshaft that is coupled with an axle;
a motor configured to input and output power for driving;
a power storage device configured to transmit electric power to and from the motor; and
a control device configured to control the engine, the continuously variable transmission and the motor, such that the hybrid vehicle is driven with a required power that is required for driving with suppressing a rotation speed of the engine within a range of an output limit of the power storage device, in a specific acceleration time where an acceleration request is equal to or greater than a predetermined level, wherein
when a state of charge of the power storage device is equal to or higher than a predetermined ratio in the specific acceleration time, the control device controls the engine and the continuously variable transmission, such that the rotation speed of the engine is not increased in the range of the output limit of the power storage device and that the engine is operated at an operation point on a fuel consumption priority operation line that is determined in advance as an operation line giving priority to fuel consumption of the engine, and controls the motor, such that the hybrid vehicle is driven with the required power, and
when the state of charge of the power storage device is lower than the predetermined ratio in the specific acceleration time, the control device controls the engine and the continuously variable transmission, such that the rotation speed of the engine is not increased in the range of the output limit of the power storage device and that the engine is operated at an operation point on a power priority operation line that is determined in advance as am operation line outputting a higher power at an identical rotation speed compared with the fuel consumption priority operation line, and controls the motor, such that, the hybrid vehicle is driven with the required power.

US Pat. No. 10,919,515

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING TRANSMISSION OF VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A vehicle transmission control device comprising:a determining device configured to compare road information related to a first road section corresponding to a road section on which the vehicle is currently traveling and a second road section disposed ahead of the first road section to determine a gradient of the second road section;
a calculating device connected to the determining device and configured to determine an increase amount of a gradient-inducing resistance based on a difference between a gradient of the first road section and the gradient of the second road section; and
a controller connected to the determining device and the calculating device and configured to compare the increase amount of the gradient-inducing resistance with a reference value to perform transmission control and engine torque control based on comparison of the increase amount of the gradient-inducing resistance with the reference value.

US Pat. No. 10,919,514

APPARATUS FOR CONTROLLING/REGULATING THE TRAVEL SPEED OF A UTILITY VEHICLE AND METHOD FOR SAME

1. An apparatus for controlling/regulating a travel speed of a utility vehicle comprising at least one drive motor, at least one hydraulic pump, exactly one control slide valve, at least one hydraulic travel motor, at least one further hydraulic drive as well as at least one controller, wherein during a purely vehicle traveling operation, the travel speed of the at least one hydraulic travel motor is controlled/regulated via a speed of the drive motor and a supply pressure of a pressure medium supplied to the at least one hydraulic travel motor by the at least one hydraulic pump is not restricted by the control slide valve, while the at least one further hydraulic drive does not produce any drive power, and wherein the supply pressure of the pressure medium supplied to the at least one hydraulic travel motor by the at least one hydraulic pump is restricted by the control slide valve only during operation of one or more further consumers of the utility vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,513

DEVICE AND METHOD FOR FORECASTING WEAR IN BRAKE LININGS

SIEMENS MOBILITY AUSTRIA ...

1. A method for determining abrasion of brake linings of rail vehicles, the method comprising:determining, by a processor including memory, wear rates (W) in accordance with the relationship:
W=C·A·p?·v?·tB?·P?·T?; and
determining, by the processor, a wear value from the determined wear rates (W) of brake lining thicknesses, a sliding speed (v), a contact pressure (p), a braking time (tB), a temperature (T), a brake power (P), a constant (C) and material parameters (?, ?, ?, ?, ?) during a parameterization process via measurements performed at predefined time intervals within a context of test runs utilizing a reference vehicle which is equipped with systems for capturing at least cylinder pressure and running speed such that operational efficiency of the processor is increased,
where
C=general constant,
A=lining surface,
p=contact pressure,
v=sliding speed,
tB=braking time,
P=brake power,
T=contact temperature of the friction pairing,
?=material parameter pressure
?=material parameter speed
?=material parameter braking time,
?=material parameter brake power, and
?=material parameter temperature;
wherein a warning is triggered when a total braking time (tBT), until a lining replacement is required, is smaller than a threshold level; and
wherein maintenance intervals of the vehicle are adapted corresponding to the total braking time (tBT).

US Pat. No. 10,919,512

METHOD FOR DETECTING A LEAKAGE DURING OPERATION OF A BRAKING SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE AND BRAKING SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

6. A braking system for a vehicle, comprising:an actuating circuit including a final control system actuatable with the aid of an actuating unit for generating a braking intention signal;
an active circuit having a pressure generation unit that includes a displacement piston movable in a translatory manner;
at least one wheel brake coupled hydraulically to the pressure generation unit;
a sensor unit for detecting an actual braking pressure in the active circuit; and
a control unit that is connected to the final control system of the actuating circuit, to the sensor unit, and to the pressure generation unit of the active circuit, wherein:
the control unit ascertains, from the braking intention signal, a setpoint braking pressure required in the active circuit,
the control unit activates the pressure generation unit for setting the actual braking pressure in the active circuit by moving the displacement piston according to the setpoint braking pressure;
the control unit activates the pressure generation unit for carrying out a pressure modulation, including setting the actual braking pressure in the active circuit to a value greater than the setpoint braking pressure and lowering the actual braking pressure until the setpoint braking pressure is reached, by moving the displacement piston at a predetermined piston speed,
the control unit ascertains, from the actual braking pressure detected with the aid of the sensor unit, a chronological pressure gradient, as the actual braking pressure is being lowered, during the pressure modulation, and
the control unit detects a leakage of the active circuit based on the detected pressure gradient when the pressure gradient is outside a range predetermined for the piston speed.

US Pat. No. 10,919,511

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING STATUS OF A BRAKE SPRING

Bendix Commercial Vehicle...

1. A controller, the controller being adapted to:output a predetermined input voltage signal across a Wheatstone bridge electrical circuit including a spring and an additional predetermined fixed resistance in series as a resistance in one leg of the Wheatstone bridge;
receive a response indicative of a measured voltage across the Wheatstone bridge;
compare the measured voltage to one of a plurality of previously determined voltages based on the predetermined fixed resistance; and
determine a status of the spring as severed if the response indicates the measured voltage is about one-half of an absolute value of the predetermined input voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,919,510

INTEGRATED HYDRAULIC MODULE OF AN ELECTROHYDRAULIC SERVO BRAKE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An integrated hydraulic module of an electrohydraulic servo brake, the hydraulic module comprising:an electric motor;
a cylinder including a chamber, wherein the chamber is arranged for receiving brake fluid to supply to a brake circuit depending on brake commands;
a piston that:
is accommodated by the cylinder;
delimits the chamber;
is rotationally fixed;
is translationally movable along an axis of the piston in that the piston is guided by needles that are parallel to the axis of the piston and that are arranged in recesses on a circumference of the piston; and
includes an anodized aluminum cylindrical body;
a steel ring mounted onto an edge of the piston and including notches, a cross-section of each of which corresponds to an effective cross section of the needles and that are arranged in circumferential positions around the axis that correspond to circumferential positions of the needles, so that respective ones of the needles are at least partially arranged within corresponding respective ones of the notches; and
a recirculating ball screw that:
connects the piston to the electric motor;
is configured to control a translational movement of the piston;
includes a threaded core that is fixedly connected to the piston, is rotationally fixed by the piston, and is translationally movable along the axis; and
includes a threaded sleeve that is configured to be rotationally driven by the electric motor.

US Pat. No. 10,919,509

ELECTRONIC BRAKE SYSTEM

MANDO CORPORATION, Gyeon...

1. An electronic brake system, comprising:a hydraulic pressure supply apparatus configured to generate a hydraulic pressure by moving a piston forward or backward with a rotational force of a motor, and supply the generated hydraulic pressure to wheel cylinders provided at wheels, respectively;
a wheel speed sensor configured to detect speed of each of the wheels;
a piston position detector configured to detect a position of the piston; and
an electronic control unit (ECU) configured to:
calculate a piston displacement amount with respect to a vehicle speed change amount during an anti-lock brake system (ABS) operation;
calculate an actual stroke of the piston by using the calculated piston displacement amount with respect to the vehicle speed change amount;
estimate a position of the piston at an entry time point of a preset low speed section based on the calculated actual stroke;
estimate a moving direction remaining stroke based on the estimated position of the piston and a moving direction of the piston; and
determine whether to change the moving direction of the piston in advance before entering the preset low speed section based on the estimated moving direction remaining stroke.

US Pat. No. 10,919,508

MASTER CYLINDER AND BRAKE-BY-WIRE SYSTEM

BWI (SHANGHAI) CO., LTD.,...

1. A master cylinder, comprising:a cylinder body defining a first chamber and a second chamber arranged along an axial direction;
an isolation wall provided inside the cylinder body, located between the first chamber and the second chamber to isolate the first chamber and the second chamber, wherein, the isolation wall is integrally formed with the cylinder body;
a first piston at least partially disposed in the first chamber and movable along the axial direction;
a second piston provided in the second chamber and movable in the axial direction;
a first rod disposed in connection with the first piston;
a second rod provided inside the cylinder body, being in connection with the first piston, wherein, the second rod is supported in the isolation wall;
a cap provided at a first opening of the cylinder body, wherein, the first opening is at an end of the second chamber along the axial direction;
a snap ring provided in the second chamber with the snap ring being attached to a bore of the second chamber and arranged behind the cap; and
a first spring connecting the snap ring and the second piston.

US Pat. No. 10,919,507

PEDAL-FORCE SIMULATOR DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A pedal-force simulator device, comprising:an actuable pressure plunger;
a housing in which the pressure plunger is mounted in an axially displaceable manner;
at least two coil springs disposed parallel to one another between an end face of the pressure plunger and an axial stop of the housing; and
at least one first disk spring interposed at least one of between: (i) the coil springs and the axial stop, and (ii) the coil springs and the pressure plunger, so that there is a physical contact between the at least one first disk spring and the coil springs;
wherein to avoid entangling during a compression or a decompression of the at least two coil springs, one of the coil springs is wound in an opposite direction from another of the coil springs, and
wherein the at least two coil springs includes three coil springs, wherein the longest coil spring has the smallest diameter, and wherein the longest coil spring having the smallest diameter is wound in a same direction as one of the coil springs having the largest diameter.

US Pat. No. 10,919,506

ELECTRIC BRAKE SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

MANDO CORPORATION, Gyeon...

1. An electric brake system for a vehicle comprising:a calculator configured to calculate a target brake pressure based on a pedal effort sensed by a pedal sensor of the vehicle;
a first hydraulic circuit configured to form a brake pressure of at least one rear wheel;
a second hydraulic circuit configured to form a brake pressure of at least one front wheel; and
a controller configured to perform cooperative control during deceleration of a vehicle,
wherein the controller is configured to:
control the second hydraulic circuit to form the brake pressure of a front-wheel hydraulic pressure when a rear-wheel regenerative braking torque reaches a maximum regenerative braking torque; and
in response to the rear-wheel regenerative braking torque being reduced, increase the front-wheel hydraulic pressure to the target brake pressure and then increase a rear-wheel hydraulic pressure after increasing the front-wheel hydraulic pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,919,505

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR DYNAMICALLY DISTRIBUTING BRAKE TORQUE AMONG A PLURALITY OF BRAKES OF A VEHICLE

Veoneer-Nissin Brake Syst...

1. A method for dynamically distributing brake torque among a plurality of brakes of a vehicle, the method comprising: detecting a braking distribution condition; in response to detecting the braking distribution condition, calculating a weight distribution for the vehicle based on a longitudinal acceleration and a lateral acceleration associated with the vehicle to provide a calculated weight distribution; calculating a brake torque limit for each of the plurality of brakes based on the calculated weight distribution to provide calculated brake torque limits; calculating a target brake torque for each of the plurality of brakes based on a driver-demanded brake torque to provide target brake torques; comparing the calculated brake torque limits with corresponding target brake torques; and in response to determining that a target brake torque associated with a given brake exceeds a brake torque limit associated with the given brake, adjusting a brake torque applied to the given brake to provide an adjusted brake torque, wherein the adjusted brake torque is less than or equal to the brake torque limit associated with the given brake; detecting if an antilock braking system (ABS) of the vehicle is active; and in response to detecting that the ABS of the vehicle is not active, determining whether (i) the adjusted brake torque meets the driver-demanded brake torque and (ii) wheels of the vehicle maintain stability for a predetermined period of time.

US Pat. No. 10,919,504

TRIP COCK VALVE FOR A BRAKE SYSTEM ON A RAIL CAR

1. A trip cock valve for a brake system on a rail car, comprising:a valve body, wherein said valve body defines an inlet, a chamber downstream from said inlet, and an outlet downstream from said chamber;
a piston inside said chamber;
a sleeve around at least a portion of said piston, wherein said sleeve includes a diaphragm that extends across said chamber to separate said chamber into an upper chamber and a lower chamber;
a valve member operably connected to said piston, wherein said valve member has a first position that prevents fluid flow through said outlet and a second position that permits fluid flow through said outlet;
a lever operably engaged with said valve member to move said valve member from said first position to said second position; and
a valve position indicator downstream from said inlet, wherein said valve position indicator is in fluid communication with said inlet when said valve member is in said second position.

US Pat. No. 10,919,503

PUNCTURE REPAIR LIQUID INJECTION METHOD AND INJECTION DEVICE

The Yokohama Rubber Co., ...

1. A puncture repair liquid injection method comprising the steps of:using a puncture repair liquid injection device comprising a container having a liquid containing portion containing a puncture repair liquid, an outlet for discharging the puncture repair liquid, and an inlet for introducing compressed air; an injection hose connected between a tire valve of a wheel mounted on a tire and the outlet of the container; and a compressor having a pressure adjuster for selecting an air pressure reduced relative to an air pressure at a time of normal driving which is for filling the tire air pressure; the method further comprising the steps of connecting the injection hose between the tire valve and the outlet of the container, connecting the compressor to the inlet of the container, selecting a reduced air pressure as a pressurizing force by the compressor by an operation of the pressure adjuster, injecting the puncture repair liquid into the tire by pressurizing an interior of the container based on the reduced air pressure, selecting the liquid containing portion of the container to be configured from a plastic material, and selecting a thickness of the liquid containing portion to be 2.0 mm or less;
the pressure adjuster including a pressure adjusting valve, a pressure adjusting button driving the pressure adjusting valve, and a lock mechanism; the lock mechanism locking the pressure adjusting button in a push-in position;
wherein the pressure adjusting button comprises a plate-shaped pinch portion on a top surface side to enable twisting of the pressure adjusting button.

US Pat. No. 10,919,502

REAR VIEW SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR OPERATING THE SYSTEM

1. A motor vehicle rear view system comprising:an optical imaging sensor;
a protective support including a flat transparent protective screen, the optical sensor being installed on the protective support so as to see through said protective screen;
a wiper blade for cleaning the protective screen disposed on a face of the protective screen and on a side of the protective screen opposite to the optical sensor; and
an electromagnetic actuator that actuates movement in translation of said wiper blade over the protective screen between a rest position and an actuated position,
wherein a width of the wiper blade is less than a width of the protective screen such that, when the wiper blade operates, the wiper blade does not entirely block a field of view of the optical imaging sensor,
wherein the electromagnetic actuator is on the same side of the screen as the wiper blade and includes at least one electromagnet, and at least one ferromagnetic or magnetized element, wherein one of the at least one ferromagnetic or magnetized element and the at least one electromagnet is carried by the wiper blade and the other one is carried by the protective support and
wherein when the wiper blade is in the rest position, the at least one ferromagnetic or magnetized element and the at least one electromagnet are spaced from one another on opposite edges of the protective screen.

US Pat. No. 10,919,501

TELESCOPIC CLEANING DEVICE

1. A telescopic cleaning device for projecting at least one cleaning and/or drying fluid onto a glass surface to be cleaned of a motor vehicle, the telescopic cleaning device comprising:at least one hollow conveying body for the cleaning fluid, closed at an upstream end by an inlet flange and accommodating a movable piston which slides in the hollow conveying body, parallel to an axis of elongation of the hollow body,
the movable piston, hollowed out by an inner distribution conduit, being the carrier of a fluid distribution element at a downstream end,
wherein the hollow conveying body additionally accommodates a rod which extends jutting out from the inlet flange along the axis of elongation and around which the movable piston is capable of sliding,
the movable piston and the rod being configured to allow the fluid to flow between them along an outside peripheral face of the rod, depending on the position of the movable piston with respect to the rod, from the inlet flange to the distribution element, and
wherein the rod comprises a heating device, said heating device comprising at least one heating element extending in the interior of a heat conducting tube, along the axis of elongation.

US Pat. No. 10,919,500

DEVICE FOR CLEANING AN OPTICAL SENSOR OF AN OPTICAL DETECTION SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

1. A cleaning device to spray at least one fluid toward a surface that is to be cleaned comprising an optical sensor of an optical detection system of a motor vehicle, the cleaning device comprising:a hollow body closed at one end by an inlet flange;
a mobile piston being able to slide along a longitudinal axis in the hollow body and which at a first end bears a cleaning fluid distribution element, and the mobile piston being able to move between a retracted extreme position and a deployed extreme position via means for moving the mobile piston;
a rod secured to the inlet flange which runs parallel to the longitudinal axis and along which the mobile piston slides; and
means for conveying cleaning fluid through the hollow body, from a fluid intake end-piece as far as the distribution element, the means for conveying comprising at least one intake chamber, the volume of which varies according to movement of the mobile piston and a distribution duct formed in the mobile piston,
the mobile piston and the rod being configured to provide between them at least one passageway for cleaning fluid,
wherein the at least one passageway is formed by a slot formed on the mobile piston.

US Pat. No. 10,919,499

FLAT-BLADE WINDSCREEN WIPER BLADE COMPRISING AN AERODYNAMIC DEFLECTOR

1. A windscreen wiper blade comprising:a monolithic support frame that comprises an inner housing formed within a body of the support frame;
a wiping strip with a wiping edge able to engage with a surface of a window and a top heel that engages with the support frame;
a pair of ribs that:
extend from a bottom face of the support frame, and
latch onto the top heel of the wiping strip;
a central spine disposed within the inner housing; and
an aerodynamic deflector that extends from a top face of the support frame,
wherein the aerodynamic deflector comprises a convex semi-circular shaped top-most edge, and
wherein a first side surface of the aerodynamic deflector that connects a top-most edge of the aerodynamic deflector to a base of the aerodynamic deflector is longer than a second side surface of the aerodynamic deflector that connects the top-most edge to the base.

US Pat. No. 10,919,498

FOG REMOVING DEVICE

ELECTRONICS AND TELECOMMU...

1. A fog removing device comprising:a sensor configured to detect fog to generate sensing data;
a heater configured to generate heat to remove the fog; and
a control unit configured to supply a power to the heater by using the sensing data,
wherein the sensor comprises:
a substrate;
a first electrode and a second electrode, which are provided on the substrate and spaced apart from each other;
a first auxiliary pattern and a second auxiliary pattern, which are provided between the first and second electrodes; and
a plurality of recess regions defined between the first and second electrodes and configured to decrease electrical resistance between the first and second electrodes and allow a current to flow therethrough between the first and second electrodes when water drops are formed therein, the plurality of recess regions each having a width of 1 ?m to 100 ?m,
wherein the first and second electrodes and the first and second auxiliary patterns are electrically disconnected from each other by the plurality of recess regions,
wherein the first and second electrodes and the first and second auxiliary patterns are arranged along a first direction, and
wherein the first and second electrodes, the first and second auxiliary patterns, and the plurality of recess regions each extend in a second direction that intersects the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,919,497

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR STARTING A VEHICLE USING A SECURE PASSWORD ENTRY SYSTEM

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method comprising:detecting a depression of an engine start push button in a vehicle;
executing, upon detecting the depression of the engine start push button, a verification procedure comprising:
determining that no phone-as-a-key (PaaK) device is present inside the vehicle and within a defined geofence outside the vehicle;
determining that no pass-entry-passive-start (PEPS) key fob is present inside the vehicle and within the defined geofence outside the vehicle;
determining that a one-time-use key code has not been used to open a door of the vehicle; and
determining that a one-time-use password has not been used inside the vehicle;
displaying, subject to a successful completion of the verification procedure, a prompt upon a display screen in the vehicle, the prompt comprising a request for entry of a first password;
executing, upon receiving the first password, a password verification procedure, the password verification procedure directed at verifying a validity of the first password; and
displaying, upon completion of the password verification procedure, a message on the display screen, the message providing an indication of one of a successful password verification or a failed password verification.

US Pat. No. 10,919,496

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR WIRELESS VALET KEY CONFIGURATION AND RELAY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system comprising:a mobile-device processor, of a first mobile device, configured to:
send a key data request to a second mobile device, requesting key data from the second mobile device to be transferred to the first mobile device;
wirelessly receive a plurality of data sets comprising key data and vehicle data for a plurality of vehicles, responsive to the key data request, from a plurality of mobile devices including the second mobile device, the plurality of mobile devices having received the key data request from the first mobile device, each set including the vehicle data identifying a particular vehicle and key data for accessing and activating the particular vehicle and transferred from a mobile device of the plurality of mobile devices;
display a selectable list of vehicles to which the data sets correspond; and use the key data for a selected vehicle to cause the first mobile device to function as a key fob for the selected vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,495

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DYNAMIC VEHICLE KEY GENERATION AND HANDLING

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A server comprising:a processor configured to:
receive a first newly generated vehicle access key, usable to unlock and access a vehicle, from the vehicle, including data usable to specifically identify a portable mobile device to which the key is to be delivered;
attempt connection with the device; and
responsive to successful connection with the device, deliver a copy of the first newly generated vehicle access key to the device, and wherein the processor is configured to cease connection attempts related to delivering the first access key responsive to receiving a second newly generated vehicle access key, usable to unlock and access the vehicle, following receipt of the first access key.

US Pat. No. 10,919,494

DISTRIBUTION DEVICE, KEY INFORMATION SHARING SYSTEM, METHOD OF CONTROLLING DISTRIBUTION DEVICE, AND RECORDING MEDIUM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

2. A method of controlling a distribution device including a server device configured to distribute key information to a first user terminal that is portable terminal carried by a first user of a vehicle, the key information being used for a key system that determines whether or not to lock and unlock the vehicle, to make the vehicle travel, and to use a content providing device that provides digital contents in a vehicle cabin of the vehicle by transmitting the key information from the first user terminal to the vehicle, the method comprising:generating, by the server device, the key information that includes restricted function information that is information indicating that locking and unlocking of the vehicle and use of the content providing device are permitted but traveling of the vehicle is not permitted; and
distributing, by the server, the key information that includes the restricted function information, to the first user terminal, wherein
the key information includes deliverable and receivable information making the key information deliverable and receivable between the first user terminal and a second user terminal that is a portable terminal carried by a second user of the vehicle without going through the server device, and
the deliverable and receivable information is excluded from the key information when the key information is sent from the first user terminal to the second user terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,919,493

MOBILE DEVICE RELAY ATTACK DETECTION AND POWER MANAGEMENT FOR VEHICLES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a controller to:
determine a first distance to a mobile device utilizing a signal strength of a first protocol communication;
determine, upon receiving an entry request, a second distance to the mobile device utilizing a time-of-flight of a second protocol communication; and
prevent entry when the second distance does not match the first distance,
wherein the first distance corresponds to a first range, the first range is determined based on the first distance and a first margin-of-error, the second distance corresponds to a second range that is determined based on the second distance and a second margin-of-error, and the controller determines that the second distance matches the first distance when the second range at least partially overlaps with the first range.

US Pat. No. 10,919,492

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF USING PIEZOELECTRIC SENSORS FOR THEFT DETECTION OF ENCLOSURES

Pony AI Inc., Grand Caym...

1. A method for detecting a potential theft of an enclosure atop a vehicle, comprising:determining, using piezoelectric sensors disposed between an enclosure that encases an image sensor atop the vehicle and a fixture coupled to the enclosure at respective mounting points, strains associated with the enclosure or the fixture at the respective mounting points, the strains comprising a first strain at a first time and a second strain at a second time subsequent to the first time;
determining, by one or more processors of the vehicle, an amount of change of the strains from the first time to the second time; and
in response to the amount of change satisfying a threshold rate, generating an alert by the one or more processors in the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,491

ALARMING SYSTEM FOR A WIPER AND A WIPER BLADE ASSEMBLY WITH ALARMING FUNCTION

Taizhou Valeo Wenling Aut...

1. An alarming system for a wiper, characterized in that, the alarming system comprises:a first connecting member comprising a first body and a first number of first contacts which are insulated to each other and disposed at the first body;
a second connecting member comprising a second body and a first number of second contacts which are electrically connected to each other and disposed at the second body; and
a control member;
wherein:
any one of the first connecting member or the second connecting member is disposed in a wiper arm adapter and separably connected to a wiper arm and the other one of the first connecting member or the second connecting member is disposed in a wiper blade adapter and separably connected to a wiper blade,
the first contacts and the second contacts are made of conductive material, the first body and the second body are made of insulated material, the first number is equal to or larger than two,
when the wiper blade is properly mounted to the wiper arm, the first connecting member is connected with the second connecting member, such that each of the first contacts is in contact with corresponding one of the second contacts, and thereby the first number of the first contacts are electrically connected to each other through the first number of the second contacts, and
the control member is configured to sense the electrical connection between the first contacts, and to generate an alarm signal when the electrical connection between the first contacts is disconnected.

US Pat. No. 10,919,490

SUSTAINED NEUTRAL OPERATION OF VEHICLES

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:determining a connection status of a first attempted connection between a mobile device comprising controller and a first module of a target vehicle;
selecting, based on the connection status, a relay vehicle associated with the controller and the target vehicle, the relay vehicle comprising a second module;
establishing a second connection between the mobile device comprising the controller and the second module of the relay vehicle; and
transmitting a power mode instruction, via the second connection between the mobile device and the second module, wherein the second connection enables the second module to relay the power mode instruction to the target vehicle, and the power mode instruction enables the target vehicle to execute a key-on operation.

US Pat. No. 10,919,489

SEATBELT RETRACTOR

AUTOLIV DEVELOPMENT AB, ...

1. A seatbelt retractor adapted to be mounted to a seatback of a reclining type seat provided in a vehicle, the seatbelt retractor comprising:a spindle which winds up a seatbelt;
an acceleration sensor which detects acceleration in a vehicle front-back direction; and
a locking mechanism which locks a drawing-out of the seatbelt in response to an acceleration detected by the acceleration sensor, wherein
the acceleration sensor comprises a sensor cover which tilts together with the seatback, a sensor housing having an inertial body-support surface and supported swingably with respect to the sensor cover around an axial line in a vehicle-width direction to swing in the vehicle front-back direction with respect to the sensor cover when the seatback is tilted, an inertial body supported on the inertial body-support surface and displaced from a neutral position when the acceleration reaches at least a prescribed value, and an actuating member which operates synchronously with movement of the inertial body in the vehicle front-back direction and actuates the locking mechanism to a locking side,
the sensor housing comprises an external teeth part having a plurality of teeth arranged in a circular-arc shape,
the retractor further comprising a lever member coupled to a shaft of the spindle by a friction coupling, wherein the lever member turns in a first direction in which an engagement part provided at a tip end of the lever is engaged with the external teeth part when the spindle rotates in a seatbelt drawing-out direction and turns in a second direction in which the engagement part moves apart from the external teeth part when the spindle rotates in a seatbelt winding-up direction,
a gap part not having the teeth is formed at a part of the external teeth part.

US Pat. No. 10,919,488

WEBBING TAKE-UP DEVICE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOKAI-RI...

1. A webbing take-up device comprising:a spool that takes up a webbing of a seatbelt device by being rotated in a take-up direction, and that is applied with rotation force in a pull-out direction opposite to the take-up direction when the webbing is pulled;
a rotating member that, when rotated toward one side, rotates the spool in the take-up direction, and that is rotated toward another side by rotation of the spool in the pull-out direction;
a moving member that is moved toward an axial direction leading end side in a vehicle emergency so as to engage with the rotating member, that rotates the rotating member toward the one side, and that is capable of deforming in a direction intersecting the axial direction;
a tube-shaped member that is disposed with the moving member inside the tube-shaped member, and one end of the tube-shaped member being open at a side of the rotating member; and
a first restriction portion that engages with a deformed portion of the moving member so as to restrict movement of the moving member toward an axial direction base end side, wherein:
the deformed portion of the moving member is configured to be moved outward from the one end of the tube-shaped member and has a wider diameter than an internal diameter of the tube-shaped member, and
the first restriction portion is configured as a face of the one end of the tube-shaped member.

US Pat. No. 10,919,487

ACTUATOR FOR RELEASING A FORCE LIMITER OF A SEATBELT RETRACTOR FOR A VEHICLE SEATBELT, AND SEATBELT RETRACTOR HAVING AN ACTUATOR OF THIS TYPE

TRW AUTOMOTIVE GMBH, Alf...

1. An actuator (70) for releasing a load limiter (14) of a belt retractor for a vehicle seat belt, comprising a case (72) which is adapted to be attached to a frame (10) of the belt retractor and includes a seat (82) in which a pyrotechnical actor (80) is arranged, wherein a retaining clip (90) for locking the actor (80) within the seat (82) is attached to the case (72) and includes a bracket (92) defining an opening through which a counterbearing (98) on the case (72) extends such that the bracket (92) is hooked into the counter bearing (98).

US Pat. No. 10,919,486

PROTECTIVE COVERING DEVICE FOR DRIVERS AND PASSENGERS

Protect Your Clothes, LLC...

1. A device for use by a user seated in a vehicle having a vehicle seat belt, the device comprising:a body defined by:
an upper section for covering at least a portion of the user's front torso while leaving the user's arms and hands uncovered; and
a lower section extending from the upper section, adapted to cover the seated user's lap and thighs;
wherein the body comprises a front face, an opposed rear face, an upper edge, a lower edge, and a pair of opposed side edges;
wherein the body includes at least one fold line positioned in an upper corner of the device, the fold line adapted to allow the upper corner to be folded towards the rear face of a device such that when the device is used with a vehicle seat belt chest strap, the fold is held in place against a user's torso by the tension of the fastened seat belt chest strap;
wherein the device includes an absorbent layer for absorbing liquid spills and a lower impermeable layer for preventing liquid spills from contacting the seated user or the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,485

VEHICLE SEAT BELT ASSEMBLY

Volvo Car Corporation, G...

1. A buckle member for providing restraining forces to belts of a seat belt assembly, the buckle member comprising body means adapted to receive a lap belt configured to be selectively disposed across a waist of a vehicle occupant, a primary shoulder belt configured to be selectively disposed across a chest and shoulder of the vehicle occupant, and a secondary shoulder belt configured to be selectively disposed across the chest and same shoulder of the vehicle occupant, wherein, when a seat back of a seat to which the buckle member is coupled is in a reclined configuration upon occurrence of a braking and/or impact event, the body means is configured to apply a relatively lesser restraining force to the secondary shoulder belt that first restrains the chest and same shoulder of the vehicle occupant and apply a relatively greater restraining force to the primary shoulder belt that second restrains the chest and shoulder of the vehicle occupant.

US Pat. No. 10,919,484

PEDESTRIAN PROTECTING AIRBAG APPARATUS

Autoliv Development AB, ...

1. A pedestrian protecting airbag apparatus, comprising: an airbag for covering the vicinity of the end on the hood side of a front glass along with at least a part on the lower side of a pillar; and an inflator for supplying gas to the airbag during a collision,wherein the airbag includes: a center chamber for covering the vicinity of the end on the hood side of the front glass; a pillar cover chamber for covering at least the part on the lower side of the pillar; and a support chamber for expanding between this pillar cover chamber and the pillar.

US Pat. No. 10,919,483

AIRBAG FOR STEERING WHEEL

TOYODA GOSEI CO., LTD., ...

1. An airbag for a steering wheel configured to allow an inflation gas to flow therein to inflate so as to cover an upper surface side of a ring part of the steering wheel, and comprising a vehicle body-side wall part to be arranged at a steering wheel side and a driver-side wall part to be arranged at a driver side upon completion of the inflation, whereinouter peripheral edges of the vehicle body-side wall part and the driver-side wall part of which outer shapes are made to substantially coincide with each other are joined such that the airbag is formed to have a bag shape, and an inlet opening which is opened so as to allow the inflation gas to flow therein and of which a peripheral edge is attached to the steering wheel side is arranged at a vicinity of a center of the vehicle body-side wall part,
the vehicle body-side wall part is formed with a concave part to be concave upward toward the driver-side wall part upon completion of the inflation so that a rear part-side region of the ring part can be entered into the concave part,
the concave part is arranged at the vehicle body-side wall part so that the ring part is entered into the concave part when a driver is received by the airbag upon completion of the inflation,
the concave part has a substantially circular arc shape substantially along the ring part, when the airbag upon completion of the inflation is seen in an upper and lower direction,
the concave part has a substantially circular ring shape, when the airbag upon completion of the inflation is seen in the upper and lower direction,
the airbag includes a bag main body, and tethers arranged in the bag main body and configured to couple a leading end of a depression of the concave part to the driver-side wall part,
the tethers are arranged at a plurality of places around the inlet opening and are respectively configured so that a spaced distance between a region joined to the driver-side wall part and a central line passing a center of the inlet opening and extending substantially in the upper and lower direction is smaller than a spaced distance between a region joined to the leading end of the depression of the concave part and the central line,
a vehicle body-side panel configuring the vehicle body-side wall part in the bag main body, comprises:
an outer panel part having a substantially circular ring shape, of which an outer diameter dimension is substantially the same as an outer diameter dimension of a driver-side panel having a substantially circular shape and configuring the driver-side wall part, an outer peripheral edge of the outer panel part joined to an outer peripheral edge of the driver-side panel;
a central panel part configuring a central region of the vehicle body-side wall part, including the inlet opening and having a substantially circular shape, of which an outer diameter dimension is greater than an inner diameter dimension of an opening region of the outer panel part; and
an intermediate panel part arranged between the outer panel part and the central panel part and having a substantially circular ring shape, of which an outer diameter dimension is substantially the same as an outer diameter dimension of the central panel part, an inner diameter dimension of an opening region of the intermediate panel part being substantially the same as the inner diameter dimension of the opening region of the outer panel part, an outer peripheral edge of the intermediate panel part joined to an outer peripheral edge of the central panel part, an inner peripheral edge of the intermediate panel part joined to an inner peripheral edge of the outer panel part, and
end portions of the tethers facing toward the concave part are joined to a region between the outer peripheral edge and the inlet opening in the central panel part.

US Pat. No. 10,919,482

AIRBAG-BASED OCCUPANT SAFETY SYSTEM

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. An occupant safety system, comprising:a sensor that provides an output signal indicative of an imminent collision; and
first and second inflatable restraints configured to:
deploy from opposing interior surfaces of a passenger compartment of a vehicle based on the output signal; and
meet at an interface region in a central location within the passenger compartment upon deployment,
wherein a first outer surface of the first inflatable restraint meets a second outer surface of the second inflatable restraint in a keyed relationship along the interface region,
wherein the keyed relationship includes a protrusion on the first outer surface fitted within a depression disposed in the second outer surface, and
wherein inflation of the protrusion occurs after inflation of a main body of the first inflatable restraint.

US Pat. No. 10,919,481

KNEE AIRBAG ARRANGEMENT

Volvo Car Corporation, G...

1. A knee airbag arrangement for a vehicle, said knee airbag arrangement comprising:an inflatable airbag, said airbag being adapted to be inflated to a position between an instrument panel of said vehicle and a knee/shin region of a vehicle occupant, wherein said airbag comprises:
an inflatable common airbag member,
a first alternative airbag member being selectively inflatable, and
a second alternative airbag member being selectively inflatable,wherein said airbag is adapted to form a first deployment mode or a second deployment mode when in a deployed state, a depth (D2) of said airbag in said second deployment mode being greater than a depth (D1) of said airbag in said first deployment mode, a depth (D1, D2) of said airbag in a deployed state being a greatest extent of said airbag perpendicular to said instrument panel in said knee/shin region, wherein in said first deployment mode, said common airbag member and said first alternative airbag member are deployed, in said second deployment mode, said common airbag member and said second alternative airbag member are deployed, the first and second alternative airbag members having different shapes and/or volumes providing a difference in depth of the deployed knee airbag between the first and second deployment modes.

US Pat. No. 10,919,480

RETAINER AND GAS GENERATOR

DAICEL CORPORATION, Osak...

1. A retainer for retaining, from outside, a housing of a gas generator which includes a top plate, a bottom plate axially opposing the top plate, and a circumferential wall provided with no flange and formed between the top plate and the bottom plate, the retainer comprising:a combination of
a first retainer including,
a first annular circumferential wall,
a first flange which protrudes radially outward from a first end opening of the first annular circumferential wall,
a first inward protruding portion which protrudes radially inward at the side of a second end opening of the first annular circumferential wall, and
a first folded portion which is folded radially outward from the first inward protruding portion; and
a second retainer including,
a second annular circumferential wall, and
a second flange which protrudes radially outward from a first end opening of the second annular circumferential wall,
the first retainer being fitted from the side of the top plate or the side of the bottom plate of the housing of the gas generator such that the first annular circumferential wall abuts against a part of the circumferential wall of the housing of the gas generator, the second retainer being fitted from the side of the bottom plate or the side of the top plate of the housing of the gas generator such that the second annular circumferential wall abuts against a remaining part of the circumferential wall of the housing of the gas generator, and
the first flange and the second flange being abutted against each other, so as to retain the housing of the gas generator.

US Pat. No. 10,919,479

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A DECORATIVE COMPOSITE HAVING AT LEAST ONE LOCAL WEAKENING AND A WEAKENED SPACER FABRIC

EISSMANN AUTOMOTIVE DEUTS...

6. Method for producing a weakened spacer fabric for producing coverings of airbags in motor vehicles, which spacer fabric has an upper cover layer and a lower cover layer, and a layer having spacer threads is located between the cover layers, characterised in that the weakenings in the spacer fabric are blind holes which are introduced into the lower cover layer of the spacer fabric, wherein the blind holes substantially pass through the lower cover layer and the layer having the spacer threads, wherein the upper cover layer is substantially not weakened, wherein the lower cover layer is knitted, wherein the spacer fabric is a three-dimensionally structured technical textile that has a defined distance between the upper cover layer and the lower cover layer, wherein the upper cover layer and the lower cover layer are bound together by a binding element, wherein the spacer threads are the binding element between the upper cover layer and the lower cover layer, and wherein the blind holes are introduced by a laser.

US Pat. No. 10,919,478

VEHICLE STOWAGE BIN

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An apparatus comprising:a stowage bin defining a compartment;
an airbag mounted to the stowage bin and deployable to an inflated position, the airbag in the inflated position at least partially enclosing the compartment;
the airbag including an inflation chamber and an uninflatable panel; and
the airbag being mounted to a wall of the stowage bin and the uninflatable panel being between the inflation chamber and the wall.

US Pat. No. 10,919,477

DEPLOYABLE VEHICLE INTERIOR DOOR PANEL

FAURECIA INTERIOR SYSTEMS...

1. A vehicle door module for attachment to an interior side of a vehicle door, the door module comprising:a trim panel having a decorative side that faces an interior of a passenger cabin of a vehicle when the door module is attached to the vehicle door; and
an inflatable bladder on a back side of the trim panel opposite the decorative side, the bladder having a deflated state and being configured to change to an inflated state in the event of a collision,
wherein the inflatable bladder forces the trim panel away from the vehicle door when the bladder changes to the inflated state, and
wherein the door module is attached to the vehicle door via a fastener having opposite first and second ends configured to move together with the trim panel in a direction away from the vehicle door when the bladder changes to the inflated state.

US Pat. No. 10,919,476

PRE-CRASH CONTROL DEVICE AND CONTROL METHOD OF PRE-CRASH CONTROL DEVICE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

4. A control method of a pre-crash control device, the pre-crash control device including a pre-crash electronic control unit (pre-crash ECU) having a first processor for executing instructions stored in a non-transitory memory in order to implement various functions of the pre-crash control device,the pre-crash control device further including a plurality of wave radars each connected to a radar electronic control unit (radar ECU) that includes a second processor for executing instructions stored in a second non-transitory memory in order to implement the various functions of the pre-crash ECU,
the radar ECU configured to acquire target information based on data received from the plurality of wave radars;
the control method comprising the steps of:
acquiring, by the plurality of wave radars, the target information,
the radar ECU configured to identify a position of a target with respect to a host vehicle each time a predetermined time elapses;
estimating, by the pre-crash ECU, a moving direction of the target based on history of a recognized position,
determining, by the pre-crash ECU, a collision probability based on the recognized position and the moving direction, the collision probability being a probability that the target collides with the host vehicle; and
performing, by the pre-crash ECU, pre-crash control in order to avoid collision with the target when the electric control unit determines that a time to collision becomes equal to or smaller than a predetermined first threshold switching time and the time to collision being a time for the target to collide with the host vehicle, and
when the time to collision is greater than the predetermined first threshold switching time, updating the recognized position, each time the target information is newly acquired, wherein the recognized position is based on the currently predicted position and an acquired position, and wherein the acquired position is a position of the target identified by the target information that is newly acquired, and updating the recognized position to the acquired position, each time the target information is newly acquired, when the time to collision becomes equal to or smaller than the predetermined first threshold switching time.

US Pat. No. 10,919,475

USE OF VEHICLE DYNAMICS TO DETERMINE IMPACT LOCATION

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A crash detection method in a road vehicle, comprising:(a) measuring lateral acceleration, longitudinal acceleration, and yaw rate during operation of the vehicle, wherein the lateral and longitudinal accelerations define a total acceleration;
(b) detecting occurrence of an impact by comparing the total acceleration to an impact threshold;
(c) determining an impact angle according to an arctangent of a ratio of the lateral and longitudinal accelerations;
(d) determining a center-of-gravity to impact distance according to a mass of the vehicle, a moment of inertia of the vehicle, the measured accelerations, and the yaw rate; and
(e) when the yaw rate is less than a yaw threshold and the impact angle is within a predetermined range of an integer multiple of 90°, then determining an impact location in response to a projection of the center-of-gravity to impact distance selected according to signs of the lateral and longitudinal accelerations, otherwise determining the impact location in response to the projection of the center-of-gravity to impact distance selected according to the signs of the lateral and longitudinal accelerations and a sign of the yaw rate.

US Pat. No. 10,919,474

SAFETY DEVICE ACTUATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system, comprising:a rail including a capacitive transmitter;
a computer programmed to send an actuation identifier code along the capacitive transmitter; and
a plurality of seats, each seat supported by one or more respective carriages on the rail, each carriage including a capacitive bridge, each seat including a seat controller communicatively connected to the capacitive transmitter via the capacitive bridge;
wherein each seat controller is programmed to, upon receiving the actuation identifier code via the capacitive bridge, actuate a safety device when a device identifier code corresponding to the safety device matches the actuation identifier code;
wherein the capacitive transmitter is configured to induce a capacitance in the capacitive bridge to transmit the actuation identifier code to each seat controller.

US Pat. No. 10,919,473

SENSING SYSTEM AND GLASS MATERIAL FOR VEHICLES

CORNING INCORPORATED, Co...

1. A vehicle, comprising:a body of the vehicle, wherein the body has a height H1 defined as a greatest vertical distance between structure of the vehicle and an underlying flat surface when the vehicle is in an operational orientation;
a sensing system coupled to the body of the vehicle and comprising optical componentry and a glass material, wherein the glass material at least in part houses the optical componentry, wherein the optical componentry senses light at a wavelength, wherein the glass material is at least partially transparent to light at the wavelength of the optical componentry, and wherein the glass material is a glass-ceramic having crystals formed therein;
wherein glass material of the sensing system is positioned at a height H2 defined as a least vertical distance between the glass material and the underlying flat surface when the vehicle is in the operational orientation, wherein height H2 is less than 70% of height H1.

US Pat. No. 10,919,472

LOAD DISTRIBUTION STRUCTURE FOR VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A load distribution structure for a vehicle, the load distribution structure comprising:a pair of front side members which are spaced apart from each other in a width direction of the vehicle and disposed on a front side of the vehicle;
a pair of side sills respectively connected to the pair of front side members;
a pair of front pillars respectively connected to front ends of the pair of side sills;
a pair of connection members, each of which connects a front side member of the pair of front side members to a side sill of the pair of side sills along a longitudinal direction of the vehicle; and
a dash crossmember transversely connected to the pair of connection members,
wherein each front side member of the pair of front side members is overlapped and joined to a corresponding connection member of the pair of connection members, and
end portions of the dash crossmember are overlapped and joined to the pair of the connection members, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,919,471

MULTIPART APRON FOR A VEHICLE

Siemens Mobility GmbH, M...

1. A multipart apron for a vehicle, the multipart apron comprising:a first partial apron and a second partial apron;
at least one connecting element disposed to connect said first and second partial aprons to one another in an end to end position along a width direction of the multipart apron at a joint between said first and second partial aprons and to enable said first and second partial aprons to be repeatedly separated from and attached to each other;
said first partial apron being formed with a structural weakening defining a predetermined breaking point configured to break earlier, when subjected to a mechanical load, than said at least one connecting element and/or said second partial apron, said predetermined breaking point being a material cross section reduction at a position offset from said joint in the width direction of the multipart apron.

US Pat. No. 10,919,470

VEHICLE FRONT STRUCTURE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle front structure, comprising:a front bumper reinforcement that is disposed in front of a front suspension member and that extends in a vehicle width direction in a manner such that an outer end of the front bumper reinforcement as viewed in the vehicle width direction projects more outward than an outer end of a front end of the front suspension member;
a reinforcement component that is disposed in an end portion of the front bumper reinforcement as viewed in the vehicle width direction, the end portion including the outer end of the front bumper reinforcement; and
an extension that projects from the outer end of the front end of the front suspension member as viewed in the vehicle width direction further outward than the outer end,
wherein an inner end of the reinforcement component as viewed in the vehicle width direction, is disposed either in alignment with an inner ridge line of the lower side member, or more toward an outside as viewed in the vehicle width direction than the inner ridge line, and
wherein the front bumper reinforcement has a hollow rectangular tubular shape, the reinforcement component is disposed inside the front bumper reinforcement, the reinforcement component further comprises:
an upper reinforcement component disposed in an upper inside of the front bumper reinforcement and a lower reinforcement component disposed in a lower inside of the front bumper reinforcement so as to be spaced apart from the upper reinforcement component, and a front surface wall of the front bumper reinforcement comprises non-reinforced portions that are not reinforced by the reinforcement components.

US Pat. No. 10,919,469

VEHICLE POWER SUPPLY APPARATUS

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A vehicle power supply apparatus to be mounted on a vehicle that includes an engine, the vehicle power supply apparatus comprising:a first power supply system including a first electrical energy accumulator and an electric load coupled to the first electrical energy accumulator;
a second power supply system including a generator and a second electrical energy accumulator, the generator being coupled to the engine, and the second electrical energy accumulator being able to be coupled to the generator;
an electrical conduction path provided between the first power supply system and the second power supply system and configured to couple the first electrical energy accumulator and the second electrical energy accumulator in parallel to each other;
a first switch provided on the electrical conduction path and configured to be turned on to couple the first power supply system and the second power supply system to each other, and turned off to fully isolate the first power supply system and the second power supply system from each other;
a second switch provided in the second power supply system and configured to be turned on to couple the generator and the second electrical energy accumulator to each other, and turned off to isolate the generator and the second electrical energy accumulator from each other; and
an abnormality determination unit configured to determine that the generator is in an abnormal state based on a current of the first electrical energy accumulator or the second electrical energy accumulator with respect to 1) the first switch the second switch, or both being turned on and 2) a power generation command being outputted to the generator.

US Pat. No. 10,919,468

VEHICULAR ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicular electric power supply system that is mounted in a vehicle, comprising:a load is configured to be supplied with electric power from one or both of a first-series electric power supply line and a second-series electric power supply line that are provided independently of each other;
a first battery is configured to
be connectible to both the first-series electric power supply line and the second-series electric power supply line and
be connected to one of the first-series electric power supply line and the second-series electric power supply line;
a second battery is configured to
be connectible to both the first-series electric power supply line and the second-series electric power supply line and
be connected to one of the first-series electric power supply line and the second-series electric power supply line; and
a connection control device is configured to control connection of the first battery and the second battery to the first-series electric power supply line and the second-series electric power supply line, based on a state of the vehicle,
wherein the vehicle is configured to be able to make a changeover between a manual operation state and an automatic operation state, and
the connection control device is configured to connect both the first battery and the second battery in parallel to the first-series electric power supply line when the vehicle is in the manual operation state.

US Pat. No. 10,919,467

HV BATTERY ARRANGEMENT FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE, ONBOARD NETWORK, MOTOR VEHICLE, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING AN HV BATTERY ARRANGEMENT

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. An HV battery arrangement for a motor vehicle, comprising:a first HV battery unit that can be electrically coupled to a first HV onboard network part having a first drive unit of the motor vehicle,
a second HV battery unit that can be electrically coupled to a second HV onboard network part having a second drive unit of the motor vehicle, wherein between the first HV battery unit and the second HV battery unit, a switching device is arranged, by which the first and the second HV battery units can be connected in series and can be electrically disconnected from each other, wherein the HV battery arrangement further has a control unit for actuating at least the switching device, and wherein the control unit is designed for the purpose of controlling the switching device in such a way that the first and second HV battery units are electrically disconnected in a defined state that is different from a state in which the first and second HV battery units are charged by a coupling to an external power source;
two first connectors for coupling a respective first and second pole of the first HV battery unit to the first HV onboard network part;
two second connectors for coupling the respective first and second pole of the first HV battery unit to a charging socket;
two first switching elements, by which the first and second pole can each be coupled to the first connectors and can be decoupled from them;
two second switching elements, by which the first and second pole of the first HV battery unit can each be separately coupled to the second connectors and can be decoupled from them;
and wherein the second HV battery unit further comprising:
two third connectors for coupling a respective first and second pole of the second HV battery unit to the second HV onboard network part;
two fourth connectors for coupling the respective first and second pole of the second HV battery unit to the charging socket;
two third switching elements, by which the first and second pole of the second HV battery unit can each be coupled to the third connectors and can be decoupled from them; and
two fourth switching elements, by which the first and second pole of the second HV battery unit can each be separately coupled to the fourth connectors and can be decoupled from them;
wherein a particular one of the second connectors is electrically connected to a particular one of the fourth connectors.

US Pat. No. 10,919,466

DIRECT CURRENT POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

GANIERE INNOVATIONS, LLC,...

1. A power system comprising:a power source configured to output a first voltage;
a plurality of batteries, each battery configured to provide a second voltage;
a plurality of switches coupled between each of said batteries; and
a controller coupled to said plurality of switches and configured to
place said plurality of switches in a first mode of operation so that said plurality of batteries is coupled in parallel and receives a charge from said power source, and
place said plurality of switches in a second mode of operation so that said plurality of batteries is coupled in series and provides a combined voltage greater than the first voltage and the second voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,919,465

VEHICULAR CIRCUIT BODY

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A vehicular circuit body provided in a vehicle, comprising:a trunk line that extends in at least a front-and-rear direction of the vehicle; and
a plurality of control boxes that are provided in the trunk line,
wherein the trunk line includes power source lines of two systems respectively having a predetermined current capacity and a communication line having a predetermined communication capacity,
wherein the power source lines of two systems extend between the control boxes,
wherein each of the power source lines extends into a first control box of the plurality of control boxes,
wherein the trunk line includes a plurality of terminals, each of the terminals is connected to a respective one of the power sources lines at a location on the respective one of the power source lines that is inside the first control box, and each of the terminals is in electrical communication with the first control box,
wherein the first control box includes a circuit board and a plurality of mating terminals electrically connected to the circuit board, and
wherein each of the terminals includes,
a flat plate portion that abuts the respective one of the power source lines, and
a mating portion that engages a respective one of the mating terminals.

US Pat. No. 10,919,464

SUPERCAPACITOR POWER BUFFER FOR VEHICLE POWER SYSTEM

Lyft, Inc., San Francisc...

1. A vehicle system comprising:a high-voltage voltage source configured to power a vehicle;
a DC-to-DC converter configured to convert the high-voltage voltage source to a low-voltage voltage source or a current source;
a supercapacitor configured to provide power to one or more loads; and
a switching mechanism comprising a controller that is configured to:
connect the one or more loads and the supercapacitor to the low-voltage voltage source or the current source when the supercapacitor is charged at a first threshold level, and
disconnect the one or more loads and the supercapacitor from the low-voltage voltage source or the current source when the supercapacitor is charged at a second threshold level greater than the first threshold level.

US Pat. No. 10,919,463

VEHICLE DRIVE AND CONTROL SYSTEM

Hydro-Gear Limited Partne...

1. A drive and control system to drive first and second traction wheels disposed on opposite sides of a lawn tractor, the drive and control system comprising:a CAN-Bus network operable to communicate signals to and from one or more components of the lawn tractor;
a vehicle controller comprising a microprocessor and memory and operable to receive a plurality of analog input signals and a plurality of digital input signals from the one or more components of the lawn tractor and to transmit digital output signals via the CAN-Bus network to the one or more components of the lawn tractor,
first and second drive systems comprising first and second electric transaxles comprising respective
first and second electric drive motors driven by a battery,
first and second output axles connected to the respective first and second electric drive motors and to the respective first and second traction wheels, and
first and second electronic drive controllers coupled to the respective first and second electric transaxles;
first and second lap bars for receiving user input regarding desired speed and direction of motion of the lawn tractor;
first and second lap bar sensor modules connected to the respective first and second lap bars for detecting position and movement of the first and second lap bars and operable to post on the CAN-Bus network first and second lap bar signals corresponding to the position and movement of the respective first and second lap bars;
wherein the vehicle controller is configured to process the first and second lap bar signals and post on the CAN-Bus network first and second digital drive signals configured to obtain the desired speed and direction of motion of the lawn tractor,
wherein the first and second electronic drive controllers are configured to process the first and second digital drive signals and convert the first and second digital drive signals to appropriate first and second electric drive motor signals based on tunable motion parameters to drive the first and second electric drive motors to obtain the desired speed and direction of motion of the lawn tractor.

US Pat. No. 10,919,462

CIRCUIT BODY FOR VEHICLE AND MANUFACTURING METHOD OF CIRCUIT BODY FOR VEHICLE

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A circuit body for a vehicle which is wired on a vehicle body of the vehicle for performing supply of electric power to an electrical component and communication of various communication signals with the electrical component, the circuit body comprising:a plurality of control boxes separately disposed on the circuit body and capable of controlling input and output of at least one of the electric power and the communication signal;
a trunk line harness connecting one of the plurality of control boxes and another of the plurality of control boxes; and
a branch line harness connecting the control box and the electrical component,
wherein the trunk line harness comprises a power line for transmitting electric power and a communication line for transmitting communication signals in a separated state,
wherein the power line comprises a first connector connected at an end portion of the power line and the communication line comprises a second connector connected at an end portion of the communication line, the second connector being different from the first connector,
wherein the first connector and the second connector are configured to be connectable and directly attached to each other, and
wherein the first connector connected to the end portion of the power line and the second connector connected to the end portion of the communication line are connected to the control box.

US Pat. No. 10,919,461

FLEXIBLE MEMBERS FOR SEALING, BAFFLING, OR REINFORCING

Zephyros, Inc., Romeo, M...

1. An article comprising:a) a carrier;
b) two or more carrier extensions extending from the carrier at one or more joints, each joint including at least one hinge;
c) portions of activatable material disposed on multiple distinct portions of at least one of the two or more carrier extensions, each distinct portion separated by at least one hinge and at least one portion of activatable material extending beyond a terminating end of at least one of the two or more carrier extensions, wherein the one or more hinges are substantially free of any activatable material;
wherein prior to activation, each portion of activatable material lies in direct contact with only one of the two or more carrier extensions;
wherein the two or more carrier extensions are flexible relative to the carrier at the one or more hinges; and
wherein at least one of the two or more carrier extensions lie in a different plane as at least another of the two or more carrier extensions.

US Pat. No. 10,919,460

VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

4. A vehicle comprising:a dash panel that partitions a power unit room, arranged on a vehicle front side, and a vehicle interior from each other;
an instrument panel that is arranged on a vehicle rear side of the dash panel and at a portion of which, on a driving seat side and a vehicle lower side, an opening section through which an arm section of a pedal is insertable is formed; and
a sound insulating section that is installed along a surface on the vehicle rear side of the dash panel,
wherein
the sound insulating section includes:
a front passenger seat side sound insulating section that is configured with a sound absorbing material arranged along a portion on a front passenger seat side of the dash panel, and
a driving seat side sound insulating section that is configured with a sound absorbing material arranged along a portion on the driving seat side of the dash panel and a thickness of which in a plate thickness direction of the dash panel is set to be thicker than the front passenger seat side sound insulating section,
the driving seat side sound insulating section includes an upper portion and a lower portion, and
a thickness of the sound absorbing material in the lower portion is greater than in the upper portion.

US Pat. No. 10,919,459

VEHICLE HAVING VEHICLE-MOUNTED DUAL RETRACTABLE TELESCOPING STRUCTURES HOUSING SURVEILLANCE EQUIPMENT WITH ONE STRUCTURE BEING MOUNTED TO FLATBED OF THE VEHICLE AND ANOTHER STRUCTURE BEING FULLY RETRACTABLE WITHIN VEHICLE

FREEDOM SURVEILLANCE, LLC...

1. A vehicle having an interior cabin and a roof at the top of the interior cabin, the vehicle comprising:(a) a flatbed;
(b) an opening in the roof of the interior cabin;
(c) a first retractable telescoping structure configured to receive a first set of surveillance equipment that is mounted thereon, the first retractable telescoping structure being mounted to the flatbed, the first retractable telescoping structure configured to allow the first retractable telescoping structure and the associated first set of surveillance equipment to both fully retract into the flatbed;
(d) a second retractable telescoping structure configured to receive a second set of surveillance equipment that is mounted thereon, the second retractable telescoping structure being configured to allow the second retractable telescoping structure and the associated second set of surveillance equipment to both fully retract into the interior cabin, and to allow the second set of surveillance equipment to extend through the opening in the roof by an amount sufficient to allow the second set of surveillance equipment to be fully external to the vehicle, the second retractable telescoping structure including a top platform that is oriented to be parallel to the roof of the interior cabin;
(e) a sealing device mounted to the second retractable telescoping structure below the second set of surveillance equipment and oriented parallel to the roof of the interior cabin, the sealing device including:
(i) a rigid support plate fastened to the top platform, wherein the rigid support plate includes an upper surface that is configured to allow the second set of surveillance equipment to be mounted thereto, and
(ii) an elastically deformable gasket fastened above and to the rigid support plate, the elastically deformable gasket having dimensions larger on all sides than the dimensions of the top platform, the rigid plate, and the opening in the roof, wherein edges of the elastically deformable gasket are configured to elastically deform during travel of the sealing device through the roof of the interior cabin when the second set of surveillance equipment extends through the opening in the roof during extension of the second retractable telescoping structure, and when the second set of surveillance equipment retracts into the interior cabin during retraction of the second retractable telescoping structure.

US Pat. No. 10,919,458

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR CALIBRATING VEHICULAR CAMERAS

MAGNA ELECTRONICS INC., ...

1. A method of calibrating a vehicular camera, the method comprising:disposing a plurality of cameras at a vehicle so that the cameras have respective fields of view exterior the vehicle, wherein the plurality of cameras comprises at least (i) a front camera disposed at a front portion of the vehicle and having a field of view at least forward of the vehicle and (ii) a side camera disposed at a side portion of the vehicle and having a field of view at least sideward of the vehicle, and wherein the field of view of the front camera and the field of view of the side camera overlap at an overlapping region;
capturing forward frames of image data via the front camera;
providing an image processor for processing frames of image data captured by the cameras;
providing captured forward frames of image data to the image processor;
calibrating the front camera via processing by the image processor of forward frames of image data captured by the front camera;
with the front camera calibrated, capturing a calibrated forward frame of image data by the front camera and capturing a sideward frame of image data by the side camera;
providing the captured calibrated forward frame of image data and the captured sideward frame of image data to the image processor;
determining, via processing by the image processor of the calibrated forward frame of image data, at least one feature present in the overlapping region of the calibrated forward frame of image data captured by the front camera;
predicting pixel positions of the determined feature as would be captured by the side camera based on the location of the determined feature in the calibrated forward frame of image data captured by the front camera;
locating, via processing by the image processor of the sideward frame of image data captured by the side camera, pixel positions of the determined feature in the sideward frame of image data captured by the side camera;
determining misalignment of the side camera based at least in part on a comparison of the predicted pixel positions of the determined feature to the pixel positions of the determined feature in the sideward frame of image data captured by the side camera; and
responsive to the determined misalignment of the side camera being greater than a threshold amount, adjusting processing by the image processor of sideward frames of image data captured by the side camera to accommodate the determined misalignment of the side camera.

US Pat. No. 10,919,457

HAND-HELD DEVICE HOLDER

GO-VUU LLC, Bluffton, SC...

1. A device for mounting a hand-held device to a selected substrate comprising:a hand-held device mounting member comprising a first surface and a second surface;
a fixation member comprising a third surface and a fourth surface;
a fastener;
wherein the hand-held device mounting member defines a first bore configured to receive the fastener;
wherein the second surface of the hand-held device mounting member is engagable with the third surface of the fixation member;
wherein the fourth surface of the fixation member is configured to mount on the selected substrate; and
wherein the hand-held device mounting member is configured to be rotatably coupled with the fixation member by the fastener so that a hand-held device remains in an original position regardless of position of a selected substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,919,456

DISPLAY APPARATUS FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE, METHOD FOR OPERATING A DISPLAY APPARATUS, AND MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A DISPLAY APPARATUS

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A display apparatus for a motor vehicle, comprising: a flexible display device including an instrument cluster of the motor vehicle;a pivotable lever mechanism configured to reposition the flexible display device from a stowed position into a use position by bending the flexible display device from the stowed position into the use position; and
a ribbon-shaped display, disposed behind the flexible display device in a vehicle longitudinal direction, configured to display at least some of content displayable by the flexible display device.

US Pat. No. 10,919,455

VEHICLE STORAGE COMPARTMENT

Karma Automotive LLC, Ir...

1. A storage compartment of a vehicle including a passenger compartment and a passenger compartment door controlling access to the passenger compartment, wherein the storage compartment comprises:a base and a side wall surrounding a storage volume;
wherein the storage compartment is located forward of a footwell of the passenger compartment, the storage compartment is further positioned so that an opening to the storage volume is accessible from a lateral side of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,454

UNIVERSAL POWERBOARD LINKAGE

Bestop, Inc., Louisville...

1. A universally mountable articulating step assembly for vehicles, comprising:a bypass linkage set which is common to mounting in a plurality of vehicles, the bypass linkage set adapted to collapse on itself to move a step portion between extended and retracted positions, the bypass linkage set including a mounting plate portion;
an independent mounting adapter which is unique to a particular vehicle including a mounting configuration adapted to be attached to the vehicle and attachment mounting locations on which the bypass linkage set is to be mounted.

US Pat. No. 10,919,453

POWER BOX SIDE STEP

Magna Exteriors Inc., Co...

1. An articulating step assembly for a vehicle comprising:a mount for attachment to a vehicle;
a step member;
an articulating linkage connecting the mount and the step for stowing and deploying the step;
a motor for attached to the linkage to provide raising and lowering of the step;
a weather sealed switch located on the assembly for actuating the motor and linkage in response to movement of the step in a predetermined direction for deploying the step.

US Pat. No. 10,919,452

CAMERA ASSEMBLY FOR AN INDUSTRIAL VEHICLE CAB

VOLVO TRUCK CORPORATION, ...

1. A camera assembly for an industrial vehicle cab comprising a side door and a step, the camera assembly being designed to be mounted on the cab above the door and comprising:a supporting arm provided, at a first end thereof, with a mounting device for mounting on the cab;
a camera arranged on said supporting arm, for providing an image of an area located rearwards and/or sidewards, in the operative position;characterized in that it further comprises a lighting system including at least one light source, the lighting system being mounted on the supporting arm or housed therein and being arranged to provide a light beam directed downwards for illuminating the step, in the operative position;wherein the supporting arm comprises a first portion designed to be mounted on the cab and a second portion which is mounted on the first portion so as to be able to pivot relative to the first portion between an operative position and a parking position.

US Pat. No. 10,919,451

TUNED MASS DAMPER IN AN EXTERIOR REARVIEW DEVICE

1. A motor vehicle, comprising:mating features in a sheet metal of the motor vehicle; and
an exterior rearview device fixedly secured to the motor vehicle, the exterior rearview device comprising
a structural base frame that mates to the mating features of the sheet metal at a mounting plane; and
a tuned mass damper secured to the structural base frame adjacent to the mounting plane,
wherein a primary axis of movement of the tuned mass damper is at least one of substantially parallel with or substantially perpendicular to the mounting plane.

US Pat. No. 10,919,450

IMAGE DISPLAY DEVICE

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. An image display device comprising:one or more cameras that capture one or more images corresponding to a rearview and a sideview from a host vehicle; and
a display that displays, as a display image, a captured image captured by the one or more cameras or a generated image generated based on the captured image,
wherein the display includes 1) a fixed first area for displaying a first part of the display image corresponding to the rearview from the host vehicle, and 2) a fixed second area, being arranged adjacent to the fixed first area of the display, for displaying a second part of the display image corresponding to the sideview from the host vehicle,
wherein the second part of the display image is image-processed in such a manner that an aspect ratio of the second part of the display image in the fixed second area differs from an aspect ratio of the first part of the display image in the fixed first area, and
wherein, when the second part of the display image includes an image of a following vehicle, the aspect ratio of the second part of the display image is set so that:
the image of the following vehicle displayed in the fixed second area appears deformed by enlarging only a vertical dimension of the second part of the display image with respect to a horizontal dimension of the second part of the display image; and
a degree of change in the aspect ratio of the image of the following vehicle is set to be larger at a front side of the host vehicle than at a rear side of the host vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,449

DRIVING SUPPORT DEVICE AND STORAGE MEDIUM

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A driving support device comprising:a passing determination unit which determines whether an own vehicle is going to pass by a stopped vehicle that is stopped in an adjacent lane that is adjacent to a traveling lane on which the own vehicle is traveling; and
a notification control unit which issues a warning notification when it is determined that the own vehicle is going to pass by the stopped vehicle, wherein
the passing determination unit determines not only whether the own vehicle is going to pass by the stopped vehicle but also whether the own vehicle is passing by the stopped vehicle,
the notification control unit starts issuing the warning notification in response to determining that the own vehicle is going to pass by the stopped vehicle,
the notification control unit continues issuing the warning notification in response to determining that the own vehicle is passing by the stopped vehicle, and
the notification control unit calculates, while continuing to issue the warning notification, a timing at which the own vehicle finishes passing by the stopped vehicle using a vehicle speed of the own vehicle and a distance from the own vehicle to the stopped vehicle, and terminates the warning notification depending on the timing that is calculated.

US Pat. No. 10,919,448

MOLDED PART AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SUCH A MOLDED PART

NOVEM CAR INTERIOR DESIGN...

1. A molded part, comprising:a decorative layer having a front side designed as the visible side, and a rear side, and a backing that is situated on the rear side of the decorative layer;
wherein the decorative layer comprises a decorative ply having a front side, and a rear side that faces the backing, and a light-conducting optical layer, situated between the front side of the decorative ply and the front side of the decorative layer, having a first refractive index;
wherein situated in at least one symbol area of the decorative layer, between the decorative ply and the optical layer, is a transparent or translucent effect layer for displaying one or more symbols, and that has a second refractive index that is different from the first refractive index;
wherein the molded part includes a first light system that is mounted or provided at the side of the optical layer for coupling light that is guided in the optical layer, wherein the light of the first light system is reflected on the effect layer for displaying the symbol;
wherein the molded part includes a second light system that is situated in such a way that light of the second light system externally illuminates a front side of the optical layer, at least in the symbol area of the decorative layer, wherein the light of the second light system is reflected on the front side of the optical layer.

US Pat. No. 10,919,447

VEHICLE DECORATIVE COMPONENT AND VEHICLE DECORATIVE COMPONENT INSTALLING METHOD

TS Tech Co., Ltd., Saita...

1. A vehicle decorative component installed on an indoor side of a vehicle, the vehicle decorative component comprising:a decorative unit that includes a light emittable region; and
an irradiation body configured to irradiate a light toward the light emittable region; wherein:
the irradiation body has a light source configured to emit light, and a light guiding body having a flat plate-shape and including a light emission surface configured to emit the light from the light source;
the light source and the light guiding body are integrated as a light source unit;
the light source unit is arranged at a position sandwiched between a base member to which the vehicle decorative component is attached and the decorative unit;
the decorative unit has a plurality of first engagement portions, wherein each of the plurality of first engagement portions comprises a claw portion that protrudes toward the base member;
the light source unit has a plurality of second engagement portions that are engaged with the plurality of first engagement portions, wherein each of the plurality of second engagement portions comprises an engagement hole into which the claw portion of the corresponding first engagement portion is inserted;
the plurality of second engagement portions includes a plurality of upper second engagement portions that are provided at an upper end portion of the light guiding body and a plurality of lower second engagement portions that are provided at a lower end portion of the light guiding body; and
the plurality of upper second engagement portions and the plurality of lower second engagement portions are arranged in a staggered array.

US Pat. No. 10,919,446

INTEGRATED SIDEWALL LIGHT

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A window assembly comprising:a window panel having a window panel thickness (t), said window panel comprising:
a window panel first side;
a window panel second side;
a through opening through the window panel thickness (t) of the window panel, said through opening extending from said window panel first side to said window panel second side, said window panel second side comprising a window panel second side surface;
a light array, said light array configured to be integrated into the window panel, said light array comprising:
a first enclosure configured to enclose the light array,
said first enclosure oriented on the window panel first side, said first enclosure comprising:
at least one light source cluster, said light source cluster in communication with an electrical source;
a light conditioning optical array configured to blend light emitted from the light source cluster, said light conditioning optical array in communication with the light source cluster;
a second enclosure oriented on the window panel second side, said second enclosure comprising:
a lens configured to receive light emitted from the light conditioning optical array, said lens further configured to re-direct light received from the light conditioning optical array out from the second enclosure;
wherein the light array is integrated into the window panel before the light array is assembled into a window assembly; and
wherein the light array is configured to direct light from the second enclosure to the window panel second side surface to primarily illuminate at least a portion of the window panel second side surface.

US Pat. No. 10,919,445

IRRADIATION CONTROL DEVICE AND IRRADIATION METHOD

MITSUBISHI ELECTRIC CORPO...

1. An irradiation control device, which is configured to control irradiation of light indicating a predetermined intention to a surrounding person,the irradiation control device comprising:
an irradiation controller configured to perform control to irradiate a first irradiation element and a second irradiation element, the second irradiation element indicating the predetermined intention of the irradiation and the first irradiation element indicating information related to the predetermined intention,
wherein the irradiation controller is configured to perform control of the first irradiation element and the second irradiation element such that the predetermined intention is always displayed to the surrounding person.

US Pat. No. 10,919,444

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PROVIDING INFORMATION ABOUT VEHICLES

Peloton Technology, Inc.,...

1. A method indicating that a first connected vehicle of one or more connected vehicles is traveling in at least a partially automated status, comprising:transmitting an indication of at least some of a first connected vehicle's capabilities and/or at least a portion of the first connected vehicle's status to nearby vehicles that are not one of the one or more connected vehicles;
transmitting the indication of the at least some of the first connected vehicle's capabilities and/or the at least a portion of the first connected vehicle's status to a remote server or a network operations center (NOC), wherein the remote server or the NOC are configured to provide the at least some of the first connected vehicle's capabilities and/or the at least a portion of the first connected vehicle's status to a third party.

US Pat. No. 10,919,443

VEHICLE INTEGRATED STORAGE POWER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

PRIDE MOBILITY PRODUCTS C...

1. A vehicle comprising:a front modular assembly including:
at least one front wheel,
a steering assembly to steer the at least one front wheel,
a throttle to drive the vehicle, and
a power source configured to generate a power signal;
a rear modular assembly removably couplable to the front modular assembly, the rear modular assembly including:
at least one rear wheel,
a brake selectively coupled to the at least one rear wheel, and
at least one rear light configured to emit light while receiving the power signal, the at least one rear light and the brake being in electrical communication with the power source via a shared electrical connection while the rear modular assembly is coupled to the front modular assembly; and
a controller in electrical communication with the power source, the controller being configured to selectively provide the power signal to the brake and the rear light via the shared electrical connection,
wherein the controller includes a storage device that stores residual energy from the power signal while the throttle is activated and wherein the controller causes the at least one rear light to receive the residual energy from the power signal for a residual energy light emission time period after the throttle is released.

US Pat. No. 10,919,442

DEVICES AND METHODS FOR MOTOR VEHICLE U-TURN SIGNALING

1. A method of signaling a U-turn maneuver by a motor vehicle, said motor vehicle comprising front and rear lighting assemblies on a left and a right side of the vehicle, wherein each said front lighting assembly comprises a headlight and turn signal light and each said rear lighting assembly comprises a rear reverse light and a turn signal light, wherein the method comprises triggering a U-turn signal activation mechanism that activates flashing by the front headlight, the rear reverse light, and the turn-signal light on the left or right side of the motor vehicle, wherein the front headlight and the rear reverse light signal in coordination with the turn-signal light of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,919,441

TRAILER MARKER SYSTEM

1. A trailer marker system, comprising:a. a trailer;
b. side markers mounted to said trailer, said side markers including a housing, a cover, a bulb socket, and light bulbs, said bulb socket is mounted to said housing, said light bulbs are inserted into said bulb socket, said cover roofs the housing adapted to protect the light bulbs, said cover further includes circular portions adapted to indicate how many of said light bulbs are housed within each of said side markers, wherein said housing further includes side marker floor cutouts having an arched cutout configuration;
c. side marker floor light emitting diode (LED) lights mounted to the bottom of said cover of each of said side markers, said side marker floor LED lights having a cylindrical configuration that cooperates with said side marker floor cutouts, wherein said side marker floor LED lights are supported by said side marker floor cutouts when said cover is in a closed position, said side marker floor LED lights being exposed from said cutout adapted to illuminate a ground surface, said side marker floor LED lights positioned vertically when said housing is mounted on said trailer;
d. a round marker mounted to said trailer, said round marker including a round marker housing, a round marker cover, a round marker bulb socket and a rounder marker bulb, said round marker bulb socket is mounted to said round marker housing, said round marker bulb is inserted into said round marker bulb socket, said marker cover roofs the round marker housing adapted to protect the round marker bulb, said round marker housing further including a round marker floor cutout having an arched cutout configuration;
e. a round marker floor LED light mounted to the bottom of said round marker cover of said round marker, said round marker floor LED light having a cylindrical configuration that cooperates with said round marker floor cutout, wherein said round marker floor LED light is supported by said round marker floor cutout when said round marker cover is in a closed position, said round marker floor LED light being exposed from said round marker cutout adapted to illuminate a ground surface, said round marker floor LED light positioned vertically when said round marker housing is mounted on said trailer; and
f. a wire adapted to interconnect each of said side markers and said round marker, said wire adapted to also interconnect said light bulbs and said round marker bulb, said wire further adapted to power each interconnected said light bulbs and said round marker bulb.

US Pat. No. 10,919,440

FLEXIBLE LIGHTING SYSTEM WITH CONDUCTIVE ADHESIVE BACKING FOR MOUNTING ON A GROUNDED SURFACE OF A VEHICLE

1. A flexible lighting system configured to be mounted on a grounded surface of a vehicle, the flexible lighting system comprising:a first layer with an upper surface and a lower surface, wherein the first layer is formed of rubber;
a plurality of light emitting diodes including a first light emitting diode and a second light emitting diode;
a second layer positioned adjacent to the lower surface of the first layer, wherein the second layer is comprised of adhesive and conductive materials, internal wiring with a plurality of rows and a plurality of columns embedded within the first layer to couple the first light emitting diode and the second light emitting diode in parallel, wherein the plurality of rows cxtcnd extends in a first horizontal direction, and the plurality of columns in a first vertical direction that extends vertically from the first layer to the second layer, the first vertical wire and the second vertical wire extend along the first vertical direction from the first layer into the second layer.

US Pat. No. 10,919,439

VIRTUAL VEHICLE PROTECTIVE FENCE

International Business Ma...

1. A system comprising:a receiver configured to receive passenger data of at least one passenger of a vehicle; and
processing circuitry configured to:
determine, based at least in part on the passenger data, a personal protective zone extending from an exterior of the vehicle to a virtual border, the virtual border having a shape and surrounding at least a portion of the exterior of the vehicle;
generate a first shape of the virtual border in response to the passenger data indicating one passenger present in the vehicle;
generate a second shape of the virtual border in response to the passenger data indicating two passengers present in the vehicle, the first shape being different from the second shape; and
output information indicating the determined personal protective zone.