US Pat. No. 10,458,077

VIBRATORY PLATE COMPACTOR WITH GRADING MEANS

1. A compactor for compacting soil, and having a vibratory plate and an upper mass connected to the vibratory plate and configured to provide vibrational movement of the vibratory plate relative to the upper mass, and having an operator handle for use in the directional control of the compactor, the improvement comprising:a grading blade mounted to the compactor; and
an adjustment means for upward and downward adjustment of the grading blade;
wherein the grading blade is mounted to the upper mass via a mounting assembly comprising:
two double-spar assemblies, one double-spar assembly on one side of the upper mass and the other double-spar assembly on an opposed side of the upper mass, each double-spar assembly comprising:
an upper spar pivotally connected to the upper mass at an upper spar mass pivot and pivotally connected to the grading blade at an upper spar blade pivot; and
a lower spar pivotally connected to the upper mass at a lower spar mass pivot and pivotally connected to the grading blade at an upper spar blade pivot,
wherein each upper spar mass pivot, upper spar blade pivot, lower spar mass pivot and upper spar blade pivot, has a pivot axis and the pivot axes of one double-spar assembly are aligned with the pivot axes of the other double-spar assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,458,076

CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A ROAD PAVER

Caterpillar Paving Produc...

1. A control system for a road paver, the control system comprising:a camera system configured to generate image data of an environment of the road paver, and
a controller electronically connected to the camera system, and configured to:
receive the image data from the camera system; and
apply an object recognition process on the received image data to:
identify an edge line serving as a reference line for a mat to be laid by the road paver;
determine a three dimensional position of the identified edge line;
modify a paving width of the road paver to lay the mat bound by the reference line by automatically retracting or extending a screed assembly of the road paver based on the determined position of the identified edge line, and
automatically steer the road paver based on the determined position of the identified edge line, wherein the controller is configured to simultaneously steer the road paver and modify the paving width,
wherein the simultaneous steering of the road paver and modifying of the paver width includes adjusting a screed width of a screed assembly of the road paver simultaneously with the steering of the road paver based on the determined position of the identified edge line such that the road paver maintains a position centered between edges of the mat to be laid.

US Pat. No. 10,458,075

BASE FOR TURF SYSTEM WITH VERTICAL SUPPORT EXTENSIONS AT PANEL EDGES

Brock USA, LLC, Boulder,...

1. A turf underlayment layer for supporting an artificial turf assembly, the turf underlayment layer comprising a plurality of panels assembled together, each panel including a top side, a bottom side, and edges extending substantially vertically from the top side to the bottom side, the edges having one or more drainage projections spacing abutting panel edges apart to form a drainage path therebetween, the drainage projections being compressible to absorb relative movement of abutting panels, at least one of the panel edges including at least one vertical support extension having an upper surface that is coplanar with the top side of the panel and defines a deviation between linear segments of the drainage path between adjacent panels, the upper surface configured to support the artificial turf assembly overlying the turf underlayment layer, and the panel edges having one or more complementary indentations corresponding to vertical support extensions of the adjacent panels wherein the vertical support extensions are received in the corresponding indentations and permit relative panel movement parallel to and perpendicular to the drainage paths.

US Pat. No. 10,458,074

ACCESS MAT COMPRISING SINGLE UNITARY PULTRUDED BODY

1. An access mat comprising:a single unitary body having a generally planar upper wall, a bottom wall and two side walls joining side edges of the upper wall and the bottom wall;
the upper wall forming an upper horizontal surface arranged to receive materials to be supported and the bottom wall arranged to rest on the ground;
the single unitary body including the upper wall, bottom wall and side walls being formed by pultrusion from composite material comprising longitudinally continuous fibers and a set resin so as to define an elongated tubular body of constant cross section enclosing a hollow interior of the single unitary body;
the single unitary body being free of filler material such that the hollow interior thereof is empty of filler material;
the single unitary body including a plurality of parallel reinforcing ribs extending along a length of the single unitary body and bridging the hollow interior in a direction across the thickness of the single unitary body so as to resist compression of the single unitary body in the direction of the thickness of the single unitary body, said ribs being integrally formed with the single unitary body by pultrusion from composite material comprising longitudinally continuous fibers and a set resin;
the bottom wall having a plurality of recessed channels therein where the recessed channels have a depth from the bottom surface greater than the thickness of the bottom wall, the recessed channels being arranged longitudinally of the single unitary body at spaced positions across the width of the single unitary body spaced from the side walls;
and a plurality of elongate connector members each shaped to fit into a respective one of the recessed channels with a bottom surface of the connector member coplanar with the bottom surface and a top surface of the connector member in engagement with a raised surface of the respective recessed channel;
the elongate connector members being arranged for connection of an end of the single unitary body to an adjacent end of another single unitary body by bridging from said single unitary body to the adjacent single unitary body;
the elongate connector members being formed by pultrusion from composite material comprising longitudinally continuous fibers and a set resin so as to define an elongated tubular body of constant cross section enclosing a hollow interior of the respective connector member.

US Pat. No. 10,458,073

SUSPENDED LAYERED ENERGY ABSORBING MATERIAL FOR VEHICLE ARRESTING SYSTEMS

Engineered Arresting Syst...

1. A vehicle arresting system layered structure, comprising:at least one suspended upper portion of crushable energy absorbing material having a thickness and a first strength; and
at least one lower base portion comprising a crushable energy absorbing material having a thickness and a second, lower strength than the material having a first strength such that the lower base portion is more easily crushable than the upper portion; and
a weather-protective coating, film, shell, or combination thereof covering at least part of the upper portion of the vehicle arresting system layered structure.

US Pat. No. 10,458,072

METHOD FOR RENEWAL OF A TRACK

1. A method for renewal of a track, the method comprising the following steps:a) pivotably mounting a crane jib on a gantry crane having a first end supported on a track by vertically adjustable supporting devices, picking up a plurality of old track panels by using the crane jib projecting over the track from a train end of an on-track work train, and placing the old track panels on the work train, to create a renewal gap delimited by a gap beginning and a gap end and to expose ballast;
b) after the renewal gap has reached a desired maximum length, using the crane jib to introduce new ballast pre-deposited on the work train into the gap end of the renewal gap and grading the ballast;
c) placing a new track panel pre-deposited on the work train upon the graded ballast at the gap end by using the crane jib; and
d) moving the work train on the new track panel in a direction towards the renewal gap, and then repeating the introduction of ballast and the subsequent placement of a new track panel according to steps b) and c) until reaching the gap beginning.

US Pat. No. 10,458,071

METHOD OF INSTALLING INTERFACE PAD ON CONCRETE TIES

voestalpine Nortrak Inc.,...

1. A method of manufacturing a concrete tie having an embedded interface pad, comprising the steps of:providing at least one interface pad comprising a tubular body having opposed first and second ends separated by a sidewall and a contact pad on said second end;
providing a template comprising at least one opening;
placing said interface pad into said opening such that said second end abuts said template and said contact pad fits within said opening;
placing said template and said interface pad in a concrete tie form;
casting said concrete tie around said template and said interface pad such that said contact pad protrudes from said tie; and
removing said template from said tie once said concrete has hardened.

US Pat. No. 10,458,069

FIBROUS STRUCTURES

1. A fibrous structure, comprising:a plurality of discrete wet-formed knuckles arranged in a pattern of repeat units in an X-Y coordinate plane, and characterized by:
each of the discrete wet-formed knuckles within the repeat unit have substantially the same shape,
at least two of the plurality of discrete wet-formed knuckles within the repeat unit have varying size; and
wherein at least some of the discrete wet-formed knuckles are arranged in a plurality of rows of adjacent wet-formed knuckles, the rows separated in a Y-direction by a distance of between 0.020 inch and 0.200 inch, and including at least a first row and a second row, with an X-direction distance between at least two adjacent discrete wet-formed knuckles in the first row being different than the X-direction distance between at least two adjacent discrete wet-formed knuckles in the second row, the X-direction distance being between 0.010 inch and 0.100 inch.

US Pat. No. 10,458,065

SYSTEM OF ENTANGLEMENT AVOIDANCE

Thomas Collins Tallagnon,...

1. A method for preventing entanglements between a dead end and a live end of a wire rope, said method comprising the steps of:a.) providing a body, wherein the body comprises a first guide component that is configured at an offset from a second sheath portion of the body by a curved portion of the body;
b.) placing the first guide component of the body on the live end of the wire rope,
c.) threading the wire rope through a terminator wedge socket so that the dead end is aligned adjacent to the live end; and
d.) inserting the dead end of the wire rope into the second sheath portion of the body so that the second sheath portion of the body covers an end of the dead end and secures the dead end adjacent to the live end by the offset.

US Pat. No. 10,458,064

STRANDED CONDUCTOR AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING STRANDED CONDUCTOR

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A stranded conductor, comprising:an inner layer portion; and
an outermost layer disposed outside of and concentrically with the inner layer portion,
wherein the inner layer portion and outermost layer comprise a plurality of filaments stranded together such that the plurality of filaments comprises a plurality of softened filaments made of an aluminum material and identical to one another and includes a filament disposed along a center of the stranded conductor and a predetermined number of filaments disposed around and concentrically with the center, the inner layer portion includes six filaments of the filaments disposed around and concentrically with the center, and twelve filaments of the filaments disposed around and concentrically with the center and the six filaments, and a lay length is from 8.6 times to 22.0 times a conductor diameter of the stranded conductor, the outermost layer is formed of eighteen filaments of the filaments, an outer layer lay length with which the outermost layer is stranded is from 6.8 times to 22.7 times the conductor diameter, and an inner layer lay length of the inner layer portion in a state in which the outermost layer is formed is a value determined by Equation (1),
where P1 represents an inner layer lay length prior to formation of the outermost layer, P2 represents the outer layer lay length, and P3 represents the inner layer lay length in the state in which the outermost layer is formed.

US Pat. No. 10,458,063

CABLE AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING CABLE

NIPPON STEEL ENGINEERING ...

1. A method for manufacturing a cable, comprising:a filling step of filling a tube hole of a socket main body which is formed in a tubular shape and in which first end portions of wire rods are disposed with a mixture obtained by mixing a thermosetting resin into a preliminary mixture obtained by mixing ceramic particles and fly ash in advance,
wherein the ceramic particles are formed in non-fibrous particles.

US Pat. No. 10,458,061

COMPOSITE MATERIAL AND MOLDED ARTICLE

NITTA CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A composite material, comprising:a plurality of carbon fibers, each of which has a diameter from about 3 to 150 ?m; and
a plurality of structures, each of which is formed on a surface of each of the carbon fibers,
wherein each of the plurality of structures comprises a plurality of carbon nanotubes, each carbon nanotube of the plurality of carbon nanotubes having a diameter of 30 nm or less and having a length of 0.1 to 50 ?m,
wherein the plurality of carbon nanotubes forms a network structure, in which the plurality of the carbon nanotubes intertwine with one another and directly adhere to the surface of the carbon fiber such that there are no intermediary agents on the surface of the carbon fiber,
wherein a percentage of aggregates, in which two or more carbon nanotubes are aggregated in a bundle form, is 10% or less,
wherein each of the carbon fibers is independent from the other carbon fibers, and the plurality of carbon nanotubes are uniformly dispersed on the entire surface of the carbon fiber such that the one of the carbon fibers does not share its network structure with the other carbon fibers,
a mean value of a thickness of the plurality of structures is ranged from 15 to 100 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,458,060

ROTATABLE IRONING BOARD ASSEMBLY

1. An ironing board assembly comprising:a post having an upper end and a lower end;
a rolling unit being attached to said lower end of said post to facilitate movement of said post;
a base being pivotally coupled to said upper end of said post, said base being positioned in a stored position being vertically orientated and pivotable into a deployed position being horizontally orientated;
a plate being rotatably coupled to said base;
an ironing board being attached to said plate; and
a catch being attached to and extending laterally outward from said post, said catch releasably engaging said ironing board when said ironing board is in a vertical orientation, said catch including a leg portion attached to a foot portion, said leg portion being attached to and extending away from said post adjacent to said rolling unit, said ironing board being positionable between said foot portion and said post to retain said ironing board in said vertical orientation.

US Pat. No. 10,458,059

BASEMENT ASSEMBLY FOR REDUCING NOISE LEVELS OF A HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A basement assembly of a household appliance, comprising:a basement having a bottom compartment and a top compartment, the bottom compartment separated from the top compartment and comprising a plurality of voids;
a divider positioned within the basement and at least partially separating the bottom compartment from the top compartment, wherein the plurality of voids are defined within the divider;
a plurality of acoustic pads configured to reduce noise levels produced by the household appliance, each acoustic pad of the plurality of acoustic pads disposed within one void of the plurality of voids, respectively, wherein a portion of the plurality of acoustic pads extends through the divider; and
a cover member coupled to the basement and configured to confine the acoustic pads inside the bottom compartment and the voids.

US Pat. No. 10,458,058

90 DEGREE ADJUSTABLE CLOSE ELBOW

Lambro Industries, Inc., ...

1. A rotatable 90 degree fixed elbow connector for a dryer exhaust assembly, comprising:a first body half having a concave inner surface and a convex outer surface and a second body half having a concave inner surface and a convex outer surface and generally being a mirror image of said first body half, said first and second body halves being connected together to collectively form a hollow, tubular 90 degree fixed elbow body defining a channel therebetween and wherein said elbow body has a first open end and an opposite second open end disposed 90 degrees to said first open end;
a generally ring-shaped first collar having an inner end that is rotatably connected to said first end of said elbow body to permit said first collar to rotate 360 degrees relative to said elbow body and said first collar having an opposite outer end which is configured and dimensioned to connect to a dryer exhaust vent; and
a generally ring-shaped second collar having an inner end that is rotatably connected to said second end of said elbow body to permit said second collar to rotate 360 degrees relative to said elbow body and said second collar having an opposite outer end which is configured and dimensioned to connect to a dryer exhaust duct.

US Pat. No. 10,458,057

CLOTHES DRYER WITH A FOAM SEAL

Whirlpool Corporation, B...

1. A clothes dryer comprising:a cabinet defining an interior and having a first bulkhead at least partially defining an access opening to the interior;
a rotating drum having a first edge defining a first drum opening; and
a composite seal located between the first bulkhead and the first edge, the composite seal receiving the first edge and having a foam layer comprising memory foam and confronting the first bulkhead and a low-friction layer having a coefficient of kinetic friction less than 0.3, with the low-friction layer confronting and receiving the first edge.

US Pat. No. 10,458,056

LAUNDRY TREATMENT APPARATUS

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A laundry treatment apparatus comprising:a cabinet;
a drawer retractably provided in the cabinet;
an accommodation unit disposed in the drawer and defining a space configured to receive water;
a water discharge channel configured to discharge water in the accommodation unit to outside the cabinet; and
a single bar-shaped body having:
a first end that is rotatably coupled to the cabinet, and
a second end that is located in a space vertically above the drawer that is defined between an upper surface of the cabinet and an upper surface of the drawer based on the drawer being in a closed position,
wherein the second end of the body is configured to remain in the space between the upper surface of the cabinet and the upper surface of the drawer when the drawer is pulled out of the cabinet, and
wherein the body defines a flow path that is provided inside the body, the flow path forming at least a part of the water discharge channel.

US Pat. No. 10,458,055

GARMENT PROCESSING APPARATUS AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING GARMENT PROCESSING APPARATUS

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A laundry treating apparatus comprising:a drum in which laundry is stored, the drum having a drum inlet provided at a first end of the drum;
a tub for rotatably supporting the drum, the tub having a tub inlet communicating with the drum inlet;
a driving unit for rotating the drum;
a magnetic force generator that includes at least one permanent magnet provided in any one of the drum and the tub to generate a magnetic force;
a signal generator provided in the other one of the drum and the tub to generate different signals based on the magnetic force varied depending on a position of the magnetic force generator;
a first balancer having a ring shape and fixed to one of the first end or the second end of the drum and including a plurality of storage chambers arranged to form the ring shape;
a second balancer having a ring shape and fixed to the other of the first and second end of the drum and including a plurality of storage chambers arranged to form the ring shape; and
a controller for controlling an operation of the driving unit and a supply and a discharge of water to the first balancer and the second balancer independently in accordance with a signal provided by the signal generator while the drum is being rotated,
wherein the storage chambers of the first balancer and the second balancer are configured to receive and store water, and the water held in the plurality of storage chambers corrects an unbalanced state of the drum, and
wherein the first balancer and the second balancer are spaced apart by a constant vertical distance regardless of a rotation of the drum, and wherein each of the first and second balancers further include:
an inlet for allowing the water to enter each of the storage chambers;
an outlet for discharging the water inside each of the storage chambers to the drum; and
a housing water supply unit for supplying the water to the inlet.

US Pat. No. 10,458,054

COMBINATION WASHING AND DRYING APPARATUS

1. A combination washing and drying apparatus for washing and then drying a load of clothing after a single actuation, comprising:a housing having a bottom wall, a top wall substantially parallel to and upwardly displaced from said bottom wall, and a plurality of upstanding walls extending between said bottom wall and said top wall, said housing having a unitary and singular construction defining an interior area;
a washing assembly positioned in said interior area of said housing and that includes a washer drum having a first washer sleeve that has a cylindrical configuration defining an interior space for receiving the clothing into said interior area and defining a bottom opening and having a second washer sleeve that has a cylindrical configuration defining a washer aperture, said second washer sleeve being movable between a closed configuration at which said bottom opening and said washer aperture are offset such that said bottom opening is blocked by said second washer sleeve and an open configuration in which said bottom opening and said washer aperture are aligned for releasing the clothing from said interior space of said first washer sleeve;
a drying assembly positioned in said interior area of said housing and that includes a dryer drum having a first dryer sleeve that has a cylindrical configuration defining an interior space for receiving the clothing and defining a side opening and having a second dryer sleeve that has a cylindrical configuration defining a dryer side aperture, said second dryer sleeve being movable between a closed configuration at which said side opening and said dryer side aperture are offset such that said side opening is blocked by said second dryer sleeve and an open configuration in which said side opening and said dryer side aperture are aligned for receiving the clothing into said dryer drum; and
a conveyor assembly mounted in said interior are and that includes a continuous belt having a first end adjacent said bottom opening of said first sleeve of said washer drum and a second end adjacent said side opening of said first sleeve of said dryer drum, said continuous belt being operably movable when energized;
wherein:
said conveyor assembly is positioned inside said interior area of said housing and includes a motor associated with said continuous belt for continuously moving said continuous belt when energized;
said continuous belt includes a plurality of fins spaced apart along an upper surface of said continuous belt operable to move the clothing between said washer drum and said dryer drum;
wherein said continuous belt is energized automatically when said second washer sleeve is moved to said open configuration, wherein said washer aperture is aligned with said bottom opening;
wherein said second dryer sleeve is operable to move automatically to said open configuration when said continuous belt is energized, wherein said side opening and said dryer side aperture are aligned;
an activation button mounted on said top wall of said housing
a controller in electrical communication with said washer assembly, said drying assembly, said conveyor assembly, and said activation button;
wherein said controller is operable to:
energize said washer assembly to perform a wash cycle when said activation button is activated;
when said wash cycle is complete, actuate said second washer sleeve to move to said open configuration wherein said washer aperture is aligned with said bottom opening;
when said wash cycle is complete, energize said continuous belt of said conveyor assembly;
when said wash cycle is complete, actuate said second dryer sleeve to move to said open configuration wherein said dryer side aperture is aligned with said side opening.

US Pat. No. 10,458,053

MICROSTRUCTURED HIGH FRICTION SURFACE FOR HIGH FRICTION TO FABRIC, YARN, AND FIBERS

Hoowaki, LLC, Greenville...

1. A contact surface on a first article for manipulating a second article comprising:a microstructure arrangement included on the contact surface having a plurality of pillars spaced apart between 200 ?m and 600 ?m, having a height and width in a range of 90 ?m and 110 ?m and forming a generally square cross section so that said pillars are rigid to resist flexing and bending when contacting an article surface, a wall draft angle between 0° and 15°, a density of between 5,000 to 20,000 pillars per square inch, and a friction rating greater than 7 in relation to the contact surface and an article surface; and,
a static co-efficient of friction in the range of 0.78 to 3.56 and a dynamic coefficient of friction in the range of 0.74 to 4.08 as determined by friction test ASTM 1894.

US Pat. No. 10,458,052

KNIT TEXTILES AND UPPERS, AND PROCESSES FOR MAKING THE SAME

Nike, Inc., Beaverton, O...

1. A combination upper and outsole for an article of footwear, comprising:a textile including a first textile zone and a second textile zone, wherein the textile forms at least a medial midfoot area, a lateral midfoot area, and a ground-facing outsole area of the combination upper and outsole,
wherein the first textile zone is rigid or semi-rigid and forms at least a portion of the ground-facing outsole area of the combination upper and outsole, and forms at least a portion of the ground-facing outsole area of an article of footwear when the combination upper and outsole is present in an article of footwear;
wherein the first textile zone includes a first re-flowed material, wherein the first re-flowed material is a melted and re-solidified product of a first yarn, and wherein the first re-flowed material comprises a low processing temperature polymeric composition, the low processing temperature polymeric composition comprising one or more first thermoplastic polymers; and wherein the low processing temperature polymeric composition exhibits a melting temperature Tm that is 135° C. or less;
wherein the second textile zone is flexible and/or pliable and forms at least a portion of the upper of the combination upper and outsole, and forms at least a portion of the upper of the article of footwear when the combination upper and outsole is present in an article of footwear; and
wherein the second textile zone includes a second yarn, the second yarn comprising a high processing temperature polymeric composition, the high processing temperature polymeric composition comprising one or more second thermoplastic polymers, wherein the high processing temperature polymeric composition exhibits at least one of: 1) a creep relaxation temperature Tcr; 2) a heat deflection temperature Thd; or 3) a Vicat softening temperature Tvs that is greater than the melting temperature Tm of the low processing temperature polymeric composition,
wherein the combination upper and outsole includes at least a portion of the second yarn in at least a first course of loops and a second course of loops, and at least a portion of the first re-flowed material connects at least a portion of the first course of loops with at least a portion of the second course of loops.

US Pat. No. 10,458,050

METHODS FOR ELECTRICALLY CONNECTING TEXTILE INTEGRATED CONDUCTIVE YARNS

IMEC vzw, Leuven (BE) Un...

1. A textile fabric comprising a plurality of electrically conductive yarn threads woven in a weft direction and comprising a first electrically conductive thread, the fabric further comprising a plurality of electrically conductive yarn threads woven in a warp direction and comprising a second electrically conductive thread, the first electrically conductive thread and the second electrically conductive thread crossing at a first crossover point, the fabric further comprising an electrical connector establishing an electrical connection between the first electrically conductive thread and the second electrically conductive thread, wherein the electrical connector comprises a first contact pad in direct electrical contact with the first electrically conductive thread and not the second electrically conductive thread, a second contact pad in direct electrical contact with the second electrically conductive thread and not the first electrically conductive thread, and a first stretchable electrical interconnection connecting the first contact pad with the second contact pad.

US Pat. No. 10,458,049

CONTINUOUS BORON NITRIDE NANOTUBE YARNS AND METHODS OF PRODUCTION

University of New Hampshi...

1. A continuous boron nitride nanotube yarn comprising:a plurality of boron-nitride nanotubes made using a continuous process, the plurality of boron-nitride nanotubes including a first boron-nitride nanotube and a second boron-nitride nanotube, the first and second boron-nitride nanotubes each have an aspect ratio of greater than 100,000:1 and each forming a helix around a common axis wherein the first and second boron-nitride nanotubes each have a pitch angle between 5° and 50°, thereby forming a continuous boron nitride nanotube yarn having a length greater than 1 m.

US Pat. No. 10,458,048

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN ELECTRONIC STRIP YARN

NOTTINGHAM TRENT UNIVERSI...

1. A method of manufacturing carriers, each having at least one filament fibre and a plurality of electronic devices, said method comprising the steps of mounting said devices in series along a plurality of laterally spaced discrete lines on a sheet of non-conductive flexible planar support material; stripping the sheet between said lines to create at least two carriers, each in the form of a strip bearing a series of said devices, the width of the strip being no more than twice that of one of the devices; feeding at least one strip bearing the devices centrally through a channel with packing fibres around the sides thereof to form a fibre assembly around the strip; feeding the fibre assembly into a sleeve forming unit in which a sleeve is formed around the assembly to form a composite yarn; and withdrawing the composite yarn from the sleeve forming unit.

US Pat. No. 10,458,047

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR RECYCLING FIBERS FROM TEXTILES WASTE

Novetex Textiles Limited,...

1. A system for recycling fibers from textiles waste, comprising:a first sanitization device;
a pre-processing device;
a fabric sorting device;
a storage device;
a fiber processing device; and
a second sanitization device mounted in the fiber processing device;
wherein the first sanitization device, the pre-processing device, the fabric sorting device, the storage device and the fiber processing device are arranged along a transmission path of the textiles waste.

US Pat. No. 10,458,046

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING GRAPHENE FIBER

IUCF-HYU (Industry-Univer...

1. A method for producing a graphene composite fiber, the method comprising:a) dispersing graphene and a surfactant in a solvent to prepare a dispersion,
b) spinning the dispersion into a coagulation bath containing polymer solution to form a graphene-gel fiber, and
c) drying the graphene-gel fiber to produce the graphene composite fiber.

US Pat. No. 10,458,045

BRUSH WITH MAGNETIC FILAMENTS

HCT ASIA LTD., Hong Kong...

1. A cosmetic brush for simultaneously applying a skincare product and magnetic therapy comprising:an elongate handle having first and second ends and a longitudinal axis extending therebetween;
a cosmetic applicator coupled to the first end of the handle and extending substantially parallel to the longitudinal axis, the cosmetic applicator comprising a plurality of supple natural fibers infused with a permanently magnetic material; and
a magnet disposed in the handle;
wherein the cosmetic applicator has a magnetic character comprising first and second magnetic fields, wherein the second magnetic field supplements the first magnetic field.

US Pat. No. 10,458,044

METHOD FOR CLEANING EXHAUST PASSAGE FOR SEMICONDUCTOR CRYSTAL MANUFACTURING DEVICE

SUMCO CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A method for cleaning an exhaust passage for a semiconductor crystal manufacturing device, the cleaning method by which dust that is accumulated in the exhaust passage is removed by sucking the dust from outside of a chamber, the exhaust passage provided in the chamber to discharge atmosphere gas in the chamber of the semiconductor crystal manufacturing device,wherein
an atmosphere introduction process in which an opening of the exhaust passage, the opening facing the chamber, is opened by an opening and closing valve for cleaning that is detachably attached to the opening, and the atmosphere gas is introduced into the exhaust passage and
an atmosphere discharge process in which the atmosphere gas in the exhaust passage is discharged by suction of the atmosphere gas in a state in which the opening is closedare performed in such a way that each process is performed once or are repeated more than once.

US Pat. No. 10,458,043

GALLIUM NITRIDE SUBSTRATE

SUMITOMO ELECTRIC INDUSTR...

1. A gallium nitride substrate comprising a surface with a diameter of not less than 100 mm,a difference being not less than 0.1 cm?1 and not more than 2 cm?1 between maximum and minimum values of wave numbers at a maximum peak of peaks corresponding to an E2H phonon mode in micro-Raman scattering mapping measurement at each of square regions having sides each having a length of 2 mm, the square regions being located at a total of five locations including a central location and four circumferential edge locations on the surface of the gallium nitride substrate,
a difference being not less than 0.93 cm?1 and not more than 2 cm?1 between maximum and minimum values of the wave numbers at the maximum peak of the peaks corresponding to the E2H phonon mode at all of measurement points in the five locations
wherein each of the square regions having the sides each having the length of 2 mm on the surface of the gallium nitride substrate includes: a first region and a second region, an oxygen concentration of the first region being higher than an oxygen concentration of the second region,
the first region includes a core portion being a region having dislocations intensively located therein, the second region being located away from the core portion.

US Pat. No. 10,458,042

CALCIUM FLUORIDE MEMBER, METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME, AND METHOD FOR PRESSURE-BONDING CALCIUM FLUORIDE CRYSTAL

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. A method of producing a calcium fluoride member, the method comprising:pressure-bonding together a first member made from monocrystalline calcium fluoride and a second member made from monocrystalline or polycrystalline calcium fluoride.

US Pat. No. 10,458,041

ALUMINA SUBSTRATE

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. An alumina substrate comprising:an alumina substrate base;
an AlN layer formed on a surface of the alumina substrate base, and
a plurality of spaced rare earth element-containing regions and a plurality of spaced gaps in an interior of the AlN layer or at an interface between the AlN layer and the alumina substrate base;
wherein the plurality of spaced rare earth element-containing regions are spaced from each other in a direction of the interface between the AlN layer and the alumina substrate base and dispersed among the plurality of spaced gaps.

US Pat. No. 10,458,040

UPPER DOME WITH INJECTION ASSEMBLY

APPLIED MATERIALS, INC., ...

1. A gas delivery apparatus, comprising:a quartz dome having a plurality of holes formed therein, wherein the plurality of holes are arranged in a linear array;
a plurality of tubes coupled to and extending from the plurality of holes; and
a flange plate coupled to at least one of the plurality of tubes.

US Pat. No. 10,458,039

ASYMMETRIC MONOMETALLIC NANOROD NANOPARTICLE DIMER AND RELATED COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS

KING ABDULLAH UNIVERSITY ...

1. A method comprising:reacting metallic nanorods in the presence of at least one solvent, at least one metal precursor, at least one organic ligand, and at least one reducing agent in effective amounts and reaction conditions,
wherein the effective amounts and reaction conditions result in an asymmetric monometallic nanorod-nanoparticle dimer reaction product, with the nanorod and the nanoparticle of the dimer reaction product intergrown through metallic bonding.

US Pat. No. 10,458,038

CONDUCTIVITY BASED ON SELECTIVE ETCH FOR GAN DEVICES AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

Yale University, New Hav...

1. An integrated optoelectronic device comprising:a first layer comprising gallium nitride located on a substrate;
a second layer comprising porous gallium nitride having an n-type conductivity located on a side of the first layer opposite the substrate and forming one layer of a distributed Bragg reflector; and
an active region formed on a side of the second layer opposite the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,458,037

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PRODUCING ANTI-WETTING STRUCTURES ON METALLIC SURFACES

Georgia Tech Research Cor...

1. A method comprising:introducing a metallic object to an electrochemical solution, wherein the metallic object has a surface;
introducing a cathode to the electrochemical solution;
attaching an anode to the metallic object;
generating microscale roughness on the metallic object by applying a first electric potential between the cathode and anode, such that selective electrochemical etching of the surface of the metallic object occurs, wherein the selective etching etches grain boundaries at the surface of the metallic object, the grain boundaries defining grain faces; and
subsequent to generating the microscale roughness on the metallic object, generating nanoscale roughness on the grain faces by applying a second electrical potential between the cathode and anode, the second electrical potential being less than or equal to approximately 2.4 volts and the first electrical potential being less than the second electrical potential.

US Pat. No. 10,458,036

LEAK CHECKING METHOD, LEAK CHECKING APPARATUS, ELECTROPLATING METHOD, AND ELECTROPLATING APPARATUS

EBARA CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An electroplating method comprising:setting a substrate, to be plated, on a substrate holder in a substrate attachment and detachment section;
performing a leak checking method comprising:
holding the substrate with the substrate holder, the substrate holder including a first holding member and a second holding member, the second holding member having an opening through which a surface of the substrate is exposed;
pressing a sealing projection of the second holding member against the surface of the substrate when holding the substrate with the substrate holder;
covering the surface of the substrate, exposed through the opening, the sealing projection with a sealing cap;
forming a hermetic space between the sealing cap and the substrate holder;
introducing a pressurized gas into the hermetic space;
detecting a pressure of the pressurized gas in the hermetic space;
determining whether there is a gas leakage within the hermetic space; and immersing the substrate, held by the substrate holder, in a plating solution; and plating the substrate if no gas leakage is found.

US Pat. No. 10,458,035

ANODIZATION OF BONDED ASSEMBLY

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A method of anodizing a bonded assembly, comprising:attaching a first electrode to a first component of the bonded assembly, the bonded assembly comprising:
the first component,
a second component bonded to the first component, and
an adhesive bonding the second component to the first component, wherein the adhesive comprises an electrically insulating material, and wherein the second component is electrically isolated from the first component;
attaching a second electrode to the second component of the bonded assembly, wherein attaching the second electrode to the second component comprises contacting the second component with a first arm of the second electrode, and disposing an insulator between a second arm of the second electrode and the first component, and wherein the second electrode clamps against the bonded assembly such that the first arm of the second electrode applies pressure against the second component in a first direction and the second arm of the second electrode applies pressure against the first component in a second direction opposite the first direction; and
forming a first oxide layer on the first component and a second oxide layer on the second component.

US Pat. No. 10,458,034

ANODIZING TREATMENT METHOD AND STRUCTURE OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Suzuki Motor Corporation,...

1. A structure of an internal combustion engine, comprising at least:a first anodic oxide coating on a surface of an aluminum-based material constituting a combustion chamber in an internal combustion engine; and
a second anodic oxide coating on a surface of the first anodic oxide coating,
wherein the first anodic oxide coating has more pores therein than the second anodic oxide coating, and a film thickness of the first anodic oxide coating is greater than a film thickness of the second anodic oxide coating,
wherein the film thickness of the second anodic oxide coating is 10 ?m to 100 ?m, and a total film thickness of the first anodic oxide coating and the second anodic oxide coating is greater than or equal to 50 ?m, and
wherein the second anodic oxide coating has a random orientation by AC-DC superimposition electrolysis.

US Pat. No. 10,458,033

SEPARATION OF ALPHA EMITTING SPECIES FROM PLATING BATHS

International Business Ma...

1. A plating tool comprising:a reservoir comprising a plating solution comprising a trace amount of Polonium (Po), and;
a filter comprising a Polonium (Po) filter element that filters Po such that the trace amount of Po is absorbed by the filter.

US Pat. No. 10,458,032

ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY NICKEL ELECTROPLATING COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS

Rohm and Haas Electronic ...

1. A nickel electroplating composition comprising one or more sources of nickel ions, one or more sources of acetate ions, sodium saccharinate and one or more N-benzylpyridinium sulfonate compounds having formula:wherein R1 and R2 are independently chosen from hydrogen, hydroxyl and (C1-C4) alkyl.

US Pat. No. 10,458,030

ION EXCHANGE MEMBRANE ELECTROLYTIC CELL

BLUESTAR (BEIJING) CHEMIC...

1. An ion exchange membrane electrolytic cell, comprising an anode chamber and a cathode chamber, wherein:a gas-liquid separation chamber is disposed in the anode chamber and/or the cathode chamber, said gas-liquid separation chamber is partially located inside said anode chamber and/or said cathode chamber; wherein a first portion of said gas-liquid separation chamber, which is configured to accommodate liquid, is disposed inside said anode chamber and/or said cathode chamber, and a second portion of said gas-liquid separation chamber, which is configured to accommodate gas, is disposed outside of said anode chamber and/or said cathode chamber; said gas-liquid separation chamber includes a top wall, a bottom wall, a side wall and a flat plate;
a gas-liquid channel is formed between said flat plate and said side wall;
said top wall is disposed outside of said anode chamber and/or said cathode chamber, and said top wall is connected to a base plate of said anode chamber and/or said cathode chamber; and
said bottom wall is disposed inside said anode chamber and/or said cathode chamber; and
said bottom wall is connected to a bottom end of said side wall;
a gas-liquid inlet of said gas-liquid separation chamber is disposed outside of said anode chamber and/or said cathode chamber;
a top end of said side wall is higher than a bottom end of said flat plate.

US Pat. No. 10,458,029

ELECTRODES FOR USE IN BACTERIAL FUEL CELLS AND BACTERIAL ELECTROLYSIS CELLS AND BACTERIAL FUEL CELLS AND BACTERIAL ELECTROLYSIS CELLS EMPLOYING SUCH ELECTRODES

EMEFCY LIMITED, Caesarea...

1. An electrode for use in at least one of a fuel cell and an electrolysis cell, the electrode comprising:a metal electrical conductor arranged to be electrically coupled in an electrical circuit; and
an electrically conductive coating on the entirety of said metal electrical conductor, said electrically conductive coating operative to mutually seal a liquid in said cell and said electrical conductor from each other;
wherein said metal electrical conductor is formed of copper or a copper alloy or aluminum or an aluminum alloy;
said electrically conductive coating is formed of a conductive plastic;
said electrically conductive coating is adapted for biofilm growth; and
said electrically conductive coating is water impermeable.

US Pat. No. 10,458,028

METHOD FOR ELECTROCHEMICAL AMMONIA SYNTHESIS USING SINGLE-CRYSTALLINE METAL CATALYST

Korea Institute of Scienc...

1. An electrochemical reactor for ammonia synthesis which comprises a cathode, an anode and an electrolyte,wherein the cathode comprises a single-crystalline metal thin film on the surface thereof,
wherein the metal is Cu, Ag or an alloy thereof,
wherein the single-crystalline metal thin film has a root-mean square roughness of 0.1-1 nm, as analyzed by atomic force microscopy (AFM),
wherein the single-crystalline metal thin film has a thickness of 50-300 nm, and
wherein most of the surface of the single-crystalline metal thin film comprises (111) crystal surface and other (100) and (220) crystal surfaces are not substantially exposed on the surface.

US Pat. No. 10,458,027

ELECTRODE-SUPPORTED TUBULAR SOLID-OXIDE ELECTROCHEMICAL CELL

Low Emission Resources Co...

1. A tubular solid-oxide electrochemical cell comprising:a porous cathode configured in a tubular shape, the porous cathode comprising a first mixed ionically/electronically conductive composite material comprising a solid-oxide electrolyte substance having ionic conductivity and a first electrochemically active substance having electronic conductivity;
an electrolyte disposed as a thin-layer on at least part of a surface of the porous cathode, the electrolyte comprising the solid-oxide electrolyte substance; and
a porous anode disposed on at least part of a surface of the electrolyte, the porous anode comprising a second mixed ionically/electronically conductive composite material comprising the solid-oxide electrolyte substance and a second electrochemically active substance having electronic conductivity;
wherein the porous cathode and the porous anode are connected to a power source, such that the tubular solid-oxide electrochemical cell is adapted to perform catalytic electrochemical synthesis of ammonia.

US Pat. No. 10,458,026

METHOD OF PRODUCING GRAPHENE

Cambridge Enterprise Limi...

1. A method of producing graphene sheets comprising the steps of,(a) forming a carbonaceous powder by electrochemical erosion of a graphite electrode in a molten salt comprising hydrogen ions,
(b) recovering the resulting carbonaceous powder from the molten salt liquid, and
(c) thermally treating the carbonaceous powder by heating the carbonaceous powder in a non-oxidising atmosphere to produce a thermally treated powder comprising graphene sheets,
in which the molten salt is in contact with a moist gas during the electrochemical erosion of the graphite electrode, water from the moist gas either dissolving in the molten salt or reacting with the molten salt to introduce hydrogen ions into the molten salt.

US Pat. No. 10,458,025

MOISTURE REMOVING APPARATUS USING ELECTRIC DISCHARGE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A moisture removing apparatus using electric discharge, the apparatus comprising:a casing comprising an opening;
a condensation cover configured to cover the opening such that the casing and the condensation cover are configured to form an enclosure together for containing an electric circuit board;
a first electrode disposed within the enclosure, connected to one electrode of a power source, and coated with a dielectric material on a surface thereof; and
a second electrode disposed within the enclosure, connected to a remaining electrode of the power source, and spaced apart from the first electrode so as to define an electric discharge air path between the first electrode and the second electrode,
wherein the electric discharge air path is provided between the surface of the first electrode coated with the dielectric material and the second electrode, wherein the first and second electrodes are configured to generate electric discharge which causes moisture of air passing through the electric discharge air path to be decomposed while air inside the casing circulates to pass through the electric discharge air path,
wherein the condensation cover comprises an upper panel and a plurality of side panels that are configured to from a partitioned space in which the first and second electrodes are located, wherein the condensation cover comprises an opened bottom that is configured to allow air inside the casing to circulate into the partitioned space,
wherein the condensation cover comprises a heat radiation surface, and is made of a material having higher thermal conductivity than that of the casing, and the first and second electrodes are spaced apart from inner surfaces of the plurality of side panels and the upper panel such that the moisture inside the casing is condensed on the inner surfaces of the plurality of side panels and the upper panel.

US Pat. No. 10,458,024

ELECTROCHEMICAL REACTION DEVICE

KABUSHIKI KAISHA TOSHIBA,...

1. An electrochemical reaction device comprising:a reaction vessel comprising a first accommodating part configured to accommodate a first electrolytic solution containing carbon dioxide, a second accommodating part configured to accommodate a second electrolytic solution containing water, a first inflow port for introducing the first electrolytic solution containing the carbon dioxide to the first accommodating part, a first outflow port for discharging the first electrolytic solution containing a first gas component from the first accommodating part, a second inflow port for introducing the second electrolytic solution to the second accommodating part, and a second outflow port for discharging the second electrolytic solution containing a second gas component from the second accommodating part;
a reduction electrode disposed in the first accommodating part;
an oxidation electrode disposed in the second accommodating part;
a power supply connected to the reduction electrode and the oxidation electrode;
a first gas/liquid separating unit configured to separate the first electrolytic solution and the first gas component containing a gas reduction product and the carbon dioxide, and comprising a third inflow port for introducing the first electrolytic solution containing the first gas component discharged from the first outflow port, a third outflow port for discharging the first gas component separated from the first electrolytic solution, and a fourth outflow port for discharging the first electrolytic solution from which the first gas component is separated;
a first gas/liquid mixing unit configured to mix the first gas component with the first electrolytic solution, and comprising a fourth inflow port for introducing the first electrolytic solution discharged from the fourth outflow port, a fifth inflow port for introducing the first gas component discharged from the third outflow port, a fifth outflow port for discharging the first electrolytic solution in which the carbon dioxide is dissolved, and a sixth outflow port for taking out the gas reduction product not dissolving in the first electrolytic solution; and
a second gas/liquid mixing unit configured to dissolve carbon dioxide in the first electrolytic solution, and comprising a sixth inflow port for introducing the first electrolytic solution discharged from the fifth outflow port, a seventh inflow port for introducing the first electrolytic solution from a first electrolytic solution tank, an eighth inflow port for injecting carbon dioxide from a carbon dioxide tank into the first electrolytic solution introduced from the sixth inflow port and the seventh inflow port, and a seventh outflow port for sending the first electrolytic solution in which the carbon dioxide dissolves to the first inflow port.

US Pat. No. 10,458,023

LANTHANUM MOLYBDATE ABRADABLE COATINGS, THEIR METHODS OF FORMATION AND USE

General Electric Company,...

1. A coated turbine shroud comprising, a turbine shroud defining a surface and an abradable coating on the surface of the turbine shroud having the formula: La2-xAxMo2-y-y?WyBy?O9-?, forming a crystalline structure, wherein:A comprises Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Sc, Y, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu, Th, Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Cu, Bi, Cd, Zn, Ag, Au, Pt, Ir, Rh, Ru, Pd, or combinations thereof;
0 0 B comprises Ta, Nb, V, Fe, Cr, Mn, Co, Ni, Sn, Ga, Al, Re, In, S, or combinations thereof;
0?y??about 0.2, wherein the sum of y and y? is about 0.01 to about 1.6; and
0???about 0.2.

US Pat. No. 10,458,022

OPTIMIZED PROCESS CONTROL IN THE ANTI-CORROSIVE METAL PRETREATMENT BASED ON FLUORIDE-CONTAINING BATHS

1. A method for anti-corrosive treatment of metallic surfaces, in a serial operation, comprising steps of:a. contacting in a serial operation a plurality of metallic surfaces of components comprising zinc and/or iron with a passivating aqueous pretreatment solution located in a system tank at a temperature of less than 50° C., the passivating aqueous pretreatment solution comprising one or more water-soluble compounds of the elements zirconium and/or titanium and one or more water-soluble compounds that represent a source for fluoride ions, for a time such that a layer coating of 0.1 mmol/m2 to 0.7 mmol/m2, based on the elements zirconium and/or titanium, results on the metallic surfaces of zinc and/or iron; and,
b. during the anti-corrosive treatment, discarding a portion of the passivating aqueous pretreatment solution of the system tank and replacing said portion with, in sum, at least equal parts by volume of one or more replenishment solutions by addition into the system tank such that concentration of the elements zirconium and/or titanium in total in the passivating aqueous pretreatment solution in the form of water-soluble compounds is maintained at 0.05 mmol/L to less than 0.8 mmol/L, and a molar ratio of a total amount of fluorine in the form of water-soluble compounds that represent a source for fluoride ions to a total amount of the elements zirconium and/or titanium in the form of water-soluble compounds in an added total volume of replenishment solutions is less than the same molar ratio in the passivating aqueous pretreatment solution, but no less than 4.5, and a discarded amount of passivating aqueous pretreatment solution in liters per serially treated square meter of metallic surfaces of zinc and iron exhibits at least a value according to Formula I:

where
VW: discarded amount of pretreatment solution in L/m2;
CBMe: concentration of zirconium and/or titanium in the pretreatment solution in mmol/L;
ZE: molar ratio of the total amount of fluorine in the form of water-soluble compounds that represent a source for fluoride ions to the total amount of the elements zirconium and/or titanium in the form of water-soluble compounds in the added total volume of replenishment solutions, with the proviso that the following applies:

US Pat. No. 10,458,020

SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS AND SUBSTRATE PROCESSING METHOD

Ebara Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A substrate processing method comprising:holding a first area of a lower surface of a substrate with a centering stage;
obtaining an amount of eccentricity and an eccentricity direction of a center of the substrate, when held on the centering stage, from a central axis of the centering stage;
calculating a distance by which the centering stage is to be moved and an angle through which the centering stage is to be rotated, based on an initial relative position of the central axis of the centering stage with respect to a central axis of a processing stage, the amount of eccentricity, and the eccentricity direction, the distance and the angle to be calculated being a distance and an angle necessary for the center of the substrate on the centering stage to be located on the central axis of the processing stage;
performing a centering operation of moving the centering stage by the calculated distance and rotating the centering stage through the calculated angle until the center of the substrate coincides with the central axis of the processing stage;
holding a second area of the lower surface of the substrate with the processing stage, while separating the centering stage from the substrate; and
processing the substrate while rotating the processing stage about its central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,458,019

FILM DEPOSITION APPARATUS HAVING A PERIPHERAL SPIRAL GAS CURTAIN

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A film deposition apparatus having a peripheral gas curtain that prolongs reaction gas residence time, comprising:a process chamber defining a processing space and having two sides in which are defined respective side openings;
a first gas showerhead unit arranged proximate to a top portion of the process chamber, having a reaction gas supply chamber that receives reaction gas provided through a top portion of the first gas showerhead unit, and having a gas distribution plate, in which are defined a plurality of gas through holes provided in a bottom portion of the first gas showerhead unit in line with center portions of the respective side openings of the process chamber through which the reaction gas is injected from the reaction gas supply chamber into the processing space of the process chamber as a vertically downward flow to form a reaction gas region;
a substrate platform disposed within the processing space below the respective side openings of the process chamber, configured to be movable up and down, and arranged to receive a substrate on which a film is to be deposited and to expose the substrate to the reaction gas within the reaction gas region;
a vacuum pump connected to said respective side openings of the process chamber to cause a vacuum negative pressure to build inside the processing space of the process chamber;
a second gas showerhead unit arranged proximate to the top portion of the process chamber, circumferentially surrounding a periphery of the first gas showerhead unit, having a buffer gas chamber that receives buffer gas provided in a top portion of the buffer gas chamber, and having a gas curtain distribution plate, in which is defined a plurality of buffer gas through holes, provided in a bottom portion of the buffer gas chamber in line with center portions of the respective side openings of the process chamber through which the buffer gas is injected into the processing space of the process chamber as said peripheral gas curtain which surrounds the periphery of the reaction gas region in a manner effective to maintain the vertically downward flow of the reaction gas and reduce removal of the reaction gas due to the vacuum negative pressure caused by the vacuum pump so as to prolong reaction gas residence time; and
a circulation cooling unit, disposed at a position between the first gas showerhead unit and the second gas showerhead unit and surrounding the periphery of the first gas showerhead unit;
wherein the plurality of buffer gas through holes defined in the gas curtain distribution plate is a plurality of oblique through holes, each oblique through hole of the plurality of oblique through holes being inwardly inclined toward the processing space of the process chamber, and the peripheral gas curtain being a spiral gas curtain, and
wherein each oblique through hole of the plurality of oblique through holes has a cross section that is a circle or a slit.

US Pat. No. 10,458,018

STRUCTURES INCLUDING METAL CARBIDE MATERIAL, DEVICES INCLUDING THE STRUCTURES, AND METHODS OF FORMING SAME

ASM IP Holding B.V., Alm...

1. A method of forming a thin-film structure, the method comprising the steps of:providing a substrate;
depositing a first metal carbide layer, having a first resistivity, using a first precursor and a second precursor;
depositing a second metal carbide layer, having a second resistivity, using a third precursor and a fourth precursor;
performing one or more of introducing nitrogen to a reaction chamber during the step of depositing the first metal carbide layer and introducing nitrogen to a reaction chamber during the step of depositing the second metal carbide layer to incorporate nitrogen into one or more of the first metal carbide layer and the second metal carbide layer;
wherein the first precursor is purged prior to introduction of the second precursor,
wherein the second precursor is purged prior to introduction of the third precursor,
wherein the third precursor is purged prior to introduction of the fourth precursor,
wherein at least one of the third precursor and the fourth precursor differs from both the first precursor and the second precursor,
wherein at least one of the second precursor and the fourth precursor comprises an alkyl or alkenyl aluminum compound with one or more C3-C7 ligands, and
wherein the first resistivity differs from the second resistivity.

US Pat. No. 10,458,017

FILM-FORMING APPARATUS TO FORM A FILM ON A SUBSTRATE

TOSHIBA MITSUBISHI-ELECTR...

1. A film forming apparatus for forming a film on a substrate, comprising:a spray nozzle from which a solution in droplet form is to be sprayed;
a first chamber to house said solution in droplet form that is to be sprayed from said spray nozzle;
a first gas supply port from which gas is to be injected and caused to collide with said solution housed in said first chamber, said solution in droplet form being transformed into a mist by colliding with said gas injected from said first gas supply port in said first chamber;
a second chamber provided adjacent to said first chamber;
a through hole that is formed in a wall surface between said first chamber and said second chamber and through which said solution in mist form is led from said first chamber into said second chamber;
a mist outlet that is formed in said second chamber to face said substrate provided outside said second chamber and from which said solution in mist form is misted onto said substrate; and
a second gas supply port formed in said second chamber, from which gas is to be injected to lead said solution in mist form that is housed in said second chamber to said mist outlet,
wherein a cross-sectional area of the second chamber along planes parallel to the substrate is substantially constant from the second gas supply port to the mist outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,458,016

METHOD FOR FORMING A PROTECTIVE FILM

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A method for forming a film, comprising steps of:supplying a source gas containing an organic metal gas containing an amino group to a substrate having a plurality of recessed shapes and a flat area between the plurality of recessed shapes so as to cause the source gas to adsorb on the flat area between the plurality of recessed shapes;
supplying H2O2 gas to the substrate to oxidize the source gas adsorbed on the surface of the substrate by thermal oxidation, thereby depositing an oxidation film of an organic metal contained in the organic metal gas on the flat area between the plurality of recessed shapes,
wherein the steps of supplying the source gas to the substrate and supplying the oxidation gas to the substrate are repeated at a rate in a range of 90 to 300 cycles per minute such that the source gas adsorbs only on the flat area between the plurality of recessed shapes.

US Pat. No. 10,458,015

REACTIVE SPUTTERING PROCESS

1. Method for reactive sputtering in which, by means of ion bombardment, material is ejected from the surface of a first target and undergoes transition to a gas phase,wherein negative voltage is applied pulse-wise to the first target to generate a voltage pulse in such a way that an electric current having a current density of greater than 0.5 A/cm2 occurs at a first target surface of the first target, such that the material undergoing transition to the gas phase is at least partly ionized, and in which a reactive gas flow is established and reactive gas reacts with the material of the first target surface,
wherein a duration of the voltage pulse is chosen such that, during the voltage pulse, the first target surface is in a first intermediate state at the start of the voltage pulse and, in a second intermediate state at the end of the voltage pulse,
wherein the second intermediate state is more metallic and less poisoned than the first intermediate state, and
wherein interruption times between a first impulse and a later impulse at the first target are chosen in such a way that in this time, the reactive gas reacts with the first target surface to a point that at a beginning of the later impulse, the first target surface in terms of coverage has essentially the same intermediate state as at a beginning of the first impulse and the later impulse is an impulse directly following the first impulse, in such a way that no further impulse occurs in-between the first impulse and the later impulse.

US Pat. No. 10,458,014

THIN-FILM DEPOSITION METHODS WITH THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF EVAPORATION SOURCES

SIVA POWER, INC., San Jo...

1. A method of thin-film deposition, the method comprising:providing within a deposition chamber an evaporation source comprising (i) a source body containing a feedstock material, and (ii) an evaporation port fluidly coupling the source body with an interior of the deposition chamber;
disposing an insulation material around the evaporation source to reduce heat loss therefrom;
establishing a processing ambient within the deposition chamber by at least one of (i) evacuating at least a portion of gas disposed within the deposition chamber, thereby establishing a vacuum ambient therein, or (ii) introducing a process gas within the deposition chamber;
heating the evaporation source with the insulation material disposed around the evaporation source in a first position, whereby at least a portion of the feedstock material vaporizes, exits the source body through the evaporation port, and is deposited on a substrate within the deposition chamber, thereby forming at least a portion of a thin film;
after the at least a portion of the thin film is formed, and within the processing ambient, moving at least a portion of the insulation material away from the evaporation source to a second position during cooling of the evaporation source, thereby enhancing heat loss therefrom; and
while remaining in the processing ambient and after a temperature of the evaporation source has decreased by a desired amount, disposing the at least a portion of the insulation material proximate the evaporation source in the first position to reduce heat loss from the evaporation source.

US Pat. No. 10,458,013

FERRITIC STAINLESS STEEL AND PROCESS FOR PRODUCING SAME

JFE STEEL CORPORATION, C...

2. A ferritic stainless steel comprisinga chemical composition consisting of, in mass %:
0.003% to 0.025% of C;
0.05% to 1.00% of Si;
0.05% to 1.00% of Mn;
0.04% or less of P;
0.01% or less of S;
16.0% to 23.0% of Cr;
0.20% to 0.80% of Cu;
0.05% to 0.60% of Ni;
0.20% to 0.70% of Nb;
0.005% to 0.020% of N; and
one or more of:
0.05% to 0.20% of Mo;
0.01% to 0.15% of Al;
0.01% to 0.15% of Ti;
0.01% to 0.20% of V;
0.0003% to 0.0030% of Ca; and
0.0003% to 0.0030% of B,
the balance being Fe and incidental impurities, wherein
a nitrogen-enriched layer is present that has a nitrogen concentration peak value of 0.03 mass % to 0.30 mass % at a depth of within 0.05 ?m of a surface of the steel.

US Pat. No. 10,458,012

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A COMPONENT

Caterpillar Inc., Peoria...

1. A method for manufacturing a component, the method comprising:providing one or more notches on a surface of the component, such that each of the one or more notches has a predetermined length and a predetermined position on the surface of the component, such that each said predetermined position of the respective one or more notches is a respective predetermined distance from an end edge of the surface of the component, and such that no notch is at the end edge of the surface of the component;
depositing a coating on the surface, on the one or more notches, to provide a thickness of the coating on the surface; and
removing, at least partially, the coating from the surface, such that the thickness of the coating over each of the one or more notches is different from the thickness of the coating on the surface adjacent to the one or more notches,
wherein one or more fracture zones for controlled fracture of the coating are defined by a change in the thickness of the coating at each of the one or more notches, the one or more fracture zones being configured to fracture only at the change in the thickness, and
wherein the controlled fracture of the coating is such that a first predetermined portion of the coating, from a corresponding fracture zone of the one or more fracture zones to the end edge, breaks away from the surface of the component, while a second predetermined portion of the coating adjacent to the corresponding fracture zone remains intact on the surface, the second predetermined portion being greater in size than the first predetermined portion.

US Pat. No. 10,458,011

TERNARY CERAMIC THERMAL SPRAYING POWDER AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THERMAL SPRAYED COATING USING SAID POWDER

Mesocoat, Inc., Euclid, ...

1. A method of forming a thermal sprayed coating on a substrate, the steps comprising:providing a thermal spray powder comprising:
one or more ternary boride ceramics of Metal-Mo—B, Metal-Mo2—B2, or Metal2-Mo2—B2 from about 20-70% by weight, where Metal is Ni;
one or more binary molybdenum borides from 0-60% by weight; and,
one or more metal binary borides from 0-50% by weight, where the one or more metal binary borides are selected from Cr, Fe, or Ni; and,
thermally spraying the thermal spray powder onto the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,458,010

SUBSTRATE LIQUID PROCESSING APPARATUS, SUBSTRATE LIQUID PROCESSING METHOD, AND STORAGE MEDIUM

Tokyo Electron Limited, ...

1. A substrate liquid processing apparatus comprising:a processing bath in which a mixture of sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxide is stored, and a substrate is immersed in the stored mixture such that a processing is performed on the substrate;
an outer bath configured to receive the mixture flowing out from the processing bath;
a circulation line including a pump and a filter connected to the pump, and configured to return the mixture in the outer bath to the processing bath;
a sulfuric acid supply unit including a sulfuric acid supply line and configured to directly supply the sulfuric acid to the mixture in the outer bath through a tip end of the sulfuric acid supply line;
a first hydrogen peroxide supply unit including a first branch supply line and a hydrogen peroxide pump connected to the first branch supply line, the hydrogen peroxide pump being configured to directly supply the hydrogen peroxide to the mixture in the outer bath through a tip end of the first branch supply line;
a second hydrogen peroxide supply unit including a second branch supply line and configured to supply the hydrogen peroxide to the mixture flowing through a downstream side of the pump and the filter in the circulation line; and
a sampling line branched from the circulation line to be connected to the outer bath and including a concentration sensor configured to monitor concentrations of the hydrogen peroxide and the sulfuric acid contained in the mixture, respectively, such that the concentrations of the hydrogen peroxide and the sulfuric acid are maintained in a predetermined range, respectively,
a controller programmed to control operations of the sulfuric acid supply unit, the first hydrogen peroxide supply unit, the second hydrogen peroxide supply unit and the concentration sensor,
wherein the controller is further programmed to perform a replenishment of the hydrogen peroxide during the predetermined time period such that:
a supply amount of the hydrogen peroxide supplied from the second hydrogen peroxide supply unit is set to be greater than a supply amount of the hydrogen peroxide supplied from the first hydrogen peroxide supply unit in a first period after the substrate is introduced into the processing bath, and
the supply amount of the hydrogen peroxide supplied from the first hydrogen peroxide supply unit is set to be greater than the supply amount of the hydrogen peroxide supplied from the second hydrogen peroxide supply unit while the substrate is in the processing bath in a second period after the first period.

US Pat. No. 10,458,008

ZIRCONIUM-COBALT-NICKEL-ALUMINUM GLASSES WITH HIGH GLASS FORMING ABILITY AND HIGH REFLECTIVITY

GlassiMetal Technology, I...

1. An alloy capable of forming a metallic glass having a composition represented by the following formula:Zr(100-a-b-c-d)TiaCobNicAld
where:
a is up to 10;
b ranges from 12 to 22;
c ranges from 8 to 20; and
d ranges from 8 to 18,
wherein the critical plate thickness of the alloy is at least 2 mm, and
wherein the CIELAB L* value of the metallic glass is at least 78.

US Pat. No. 10,458,006

POWDER COMPOSITION AND USE THEREOF

1. A powder composition containing Al, Cr, C and B and optionally at least one of the following: Fe, Mn, Ti and Zr,wherein the weight ratio between Cr and C is between 6.5 and 12 and the weight ratio of Ni/AI is between 4.2 and 9.5; the balance being Ni, and unavoidable impurities.

US Pat. No. 10,458,004

SILVER-BISMUTH POWDER, CONDUCTIVE PASTE AND CONDUCTIVE FILM

DOWA Electronics Material...

1. A silver-bismuth powder comprising metals, wherein the metals consist of silver and bismuth,wherein a mass ratio (silver:bismuth) of the silver to the bismuth is 95:5 to 40:60,
wherein a cumulative 50% point of particle diameter (D50) of the silver-bismuth powder in a volume-based particle size distribution thereof as measured by a laser diffraction particle size distribution analysis is 0.5 ?m to 4 ?m, and
wherein an oxygen content of the silver-bismuth powder is 5.5% by mass or less,
wherein the silver-bismuth powder is configured to form a conductive film when burned at 500° C. or higher.

US Pat. No. 10,458,003

COPPER ALLOY AND COPPER ALLOY FORMING MATERIAL

MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORP...

1. A copper alloy, consisting of:Mg, oxygen and a balance of Cu and unavoidable impurities,
wherein a Mg content is in a range of 3.3% by atom to 6.9% by atom,
an oxygen content is in a range of 0.01 ppm by atom to 500 ppm by atom,
the copper alloy has a measured value of an electrical conductivity ? (% IACS) that does not exceed a calculated value of an electrical conductivity in % IACS expressed by a formulaic expression {1.7241/(?0.0347×X2+0.6569×X +1.7)}×100, wherein X is the Mg content in % by atom in the copper alloy, and
the copper alloy is a Cu—Mg solid solution alloy supersaturated with Mg.

US Pat. No. 10,458,001

METHOD FOR PRODUCING A COMPONENT FROM A COMPOSITE MATERIAL COMPRISING A METAL MATRIX AND INCORPORATED INTERMETALLIC PHASES

MTU AERO ENGINES AG, Mun...

1. A method for producing a component of a composite material comprising a metal matrix and incorporated intermetallic phases, wherein the method comprises:providing powders of at least one member from the group which comprises pure chemical elements, alloys, chemical compounds and material composites, the powders corresponding overall to a chemical composition of the composite material of the component, each individual powder having a chemical composition which is different from the chemical composition of the composite material of the component,
compacting the powders,
bonding the powders to one another to form a unit and thermoplastically shaping the unit, the composition of the composite material of the component being as follows:
from 40 at % to 55 at % molybdenum,
from 5 at % to 20 at % silicon,
from 5 at % to 15 at % boron,
from 20 at % to 40 at % titanium,
from 1 at % to 5 at % iron,
from 0 at % to 5 at % yttrium,
from 0 at % to 5 at % hafnium,
from 0 at % to 5 at % zirconium,
from 0 at % to 5 at % niobium,
from 0 at % to 2 at % tungsten,
and unavoidable impurities.

US Pat. No. 10,457,999

METHOD FOR PLATINUM GROUP METALS RECOVERY FROM SPENT CATALYSTS

YEDA RESEARCH AND DEVELOP...

1. A method for recovery of platinum group metals from a spent catalyst, the method comprising:crushing said spent catalyst to obtain a catalyst particulate material including particles having a predetermined grain size;
impregnating the catalyst particulate material with a chloride aqueous solution; wherein said chloride aqueous solution comprises dissolving at least one chloride salt and at least one hypochlorite salt in water;
providing a chlorine containing gas and supplying thereof to a reaction zone;
subjecting the catalyst particulate material to a chlorinating treatment in the reaction zone at a predetermined temperature for a predetermined time period by putting the catalyst particulate material in contact with the chlorine containing gas to yield a volatile platinum group metal-containing chloride product;
optionally applying an electromagnetic field to the chlorine-containing gas in the reaction zone to provide ionization of chlorine; thereby to cause a chemical reaction between platinum group metals; and
cooling said volatile platinum group metal-containing chloride product to convert said volatile platinum group metal-containing chloride product into solid phase platinum group metal-containing materials.

US Pat. No. 10,457,998

WIRE ROD FOR NON HEAT-TREATED MECHANICAL PART, STEEL WIRE FOR NON HEAT-TREATED MECHANICAL PART, AND NON HEAT-TREATED MECHANICAL PART

NIPPON STEEL CORPORATION,...

10. A non heat-treated mechanical part having a cylindrical axis, the mechanical part comprising, as a chemical composition, by mass %,C: 0.18% to 0.65%,
Si: 0.05% to 1.5%,
Mn: 0.50% to 2.0%,
Cr: 0% to 1.50%,
Mo: 0% to 0.50%,
Ti: 0% to 0.050%,
Al: 0% to 0.050%,
B: 0% to 0.0050%,
Nb: 0% to 0.050%,
V: 0% to 0.20%,
P: less than or equal to 0.030%,
S: less than or equal to 0.030%,
N: less than or equal to 0.0050%,
O: less than or equal to 0.01%, and
a remainder of Fe and impurities;
wherein a structure includes, by volume %, a bainite of greater than or equal to 75×[C %]+25, and a remainder of one or more of a ferrite and a pearlite when an amount of C is set to [C %] by mass %;
when a diameter of an axis is set to D3 mm, an area from a surface of the axis to a depth of 0.1×D3 mm toward a center line of a cross section is set as a fourth surface layer area of the mechanical part, and an average aspect ratio of a bainite block in the fourth surface layer area of the mechanical part is set to R2 in the cross section parallel to a longitudinal direction of the axis,
the R2 is greater than or equal to 1.2;
when the diameter of the axis is set to D3 mm, an area from a surface of the axis to a depth of 0.1×D3 mm toward a center of a cross section is set as a fifth surface layer area of the mechanical part, an area from the depth of 0.25×D3 mm to the center of the cross section is set as a fifth center portion of the mechanical part, an average grain size of a bainite block in the fifth surface layer area of the mechanical part is set to PS5 ?m, and an average grain size of a bainite block in the fifth center portion of the mechanical part is set to PC5 ?m in the cross section perpendicular to the longitudinal direction of the axis,
the PS5 satisfies Expression (e),
PS5?20/R2  (e),and the PS5 and the PC5 satisfy Expression (f),PS5/PC5<0.95  (f);
a standard deviation of a grain size of the bainite block in the structure is less than or equal to 8.0 ?m; and
a tensile strength is in a range of 800 MPa to 1600 MPa.

US Pat. No. 10,457,997

PROCESSING OF HOT STAMPED PARTS

MAGNA INTERNATIONAL INC.,...

1. A method of forming a part, comprising the steps of:providing a blank delimited by at least one peripheral edge and formed of a steel material;
heating the blank to a predetermined temperature;
forming the heated blank to a predetermined geometry;
the forming step including quenching the blank to form martensite in the blank;
the quenching step including limiting the amount of martensite formed in at least one select area completely spaced from the at least one peripheral edge of the blank by other areas of the blank having more martensite than the at least one select area; and
forming at least one hole in the at least one select area of the blank.

US Pat. No. 10,457,996

NANOCRYSTALLINE BAINITIC STEELS, SHAFTS, GAS TURBINE ENGINES, AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURING NANOCRYSTALLINE BAINITIC STEELS

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A nanocrystalline bainitic steel consisting of, by weight percentage:0.3% to 0.6% carbon;
9.0% to 20.0% nickel;
up to 10% cobalt;
1.0% to 4.5% aluminium;
up to 0.5% molybdenum;
up to 0.5% manganese;
up to 0.5% tungsten;
up to 3.0% chromium,
a plurality of nickel aluminide intermetallic particles formed from said nickel and aluminium; and
the balance being iron and impurities.

US Pat. No. 10,457,990

ACCURATE DEDUCTION OF FETAL DNA FRACTION WITH SHALLOW-DEPTH SEQUENCING OF MATERNAL PLASMA

The Chinese University of...

1. A method of measuring a fetal DNA fraction in a biological sample of a female pregnant with a fetus, the biological sample including maternal DNA molecules and fetal DNA molecules, the method comprising performing, by a computer system:identifying a plurality of sites based on sequence information that indicates the female is homozygous for a first allele at each site of the plurality of sites;
obtaining a plurality of reads from DNA molecules of the biological sample;
identifying locations of the plurality of reads in a reference genome;
determining a first value of a first group of DNA molecules based on the plurality of reads, wherein:
each DNA molecule of the first group of DNA molecules includes a read located at a site of the plurality of sites and exhibits a second allele different from the first allele at the site,
the first value defines a property of the first group of DNA molecules, and
a portion of the sites of the plurality of sites do not comprise a read exhibiting a second allele different from the first allele;
determining a second value of a second group of DNA molecules, wherein:
each DNA molecule of the second group of DNA molecules includes a read located at a site of the plurality of sites and exhibits the first allele at the site, and
the second value defines the property of the second group of DNA molecules;
determining a parameter value of a parameter from the first value and the second value;
comparing the parameter value to a calibration point that is determined using at least one other sample having a known fetal DNA fraction and a calibration value corresponding to separate measurement of the parameter in the at least one other sample; and
computing the fetal DNA fraction based on the comparison.

US Pat. No. 10,457,987

KITS AND METHODS FOR MULTIPLEX ANALYSIS OF 13 MR Y-STRS

University of Central Lan...

7. A kit comprising a set of primers for the co-amplification of a group of rapidly mutating Y chromosome short tandem repeats (RM Y-STRs), wherein the set of primers comprises each of SEQ ID NOS: 1 to 26, and wherein at least one of the primers comprises a detectable label.

US Pat. No. 10,457,984

MASSIVE PARALLEL METHOD FOR DECODING DNA AND RNA

THE TRUSTEES OF COLUMBIA ...

1. A cytosine deoxyribonucleotide analogue having the structure:
wherein R (a) represents a small, chemically cleavable, chemical group capping the oxygen at the 3? position of the deoxyribose of the deoxyribonucleotide analogue, (b) does not interfere with recognition of the analogue as a substrate by a DNA polymerase, (c) is stable during a DNA polymerase reaction, (d) does not contain a ketone group, and (e) is not a —CH2CH?CH2 group;
wherein OR is not a methoxy group or an ester group;
wherein the covalent bond between the 3?-oxygen and R is stable during a DNA polymerase reaction;
wherein tag represents a detectable fluorescent moiety;
wherein Y represents a chemically cleavable, chemical linker which (a) does not interfere with recognition of the analogue as a substrate by a DNA polymerase and (b) is stable during a DNA polymerase reaction; and
wherein the cytosine deoxyribonucleotide analogue:
i) is recognized as a substrate by a DNA polymerase,
ii) is incorporated at the end of a growing strand of DNA during a DNA polymerase reaction,
iii) produces a 3?-OH group on the deoxyribose upon cleavage of R,
iv) no longer includes a tag on the base upon cleavage of Y, and
v) is capable of forming hydrogen bonds with guanine or a guanine nucleotide analogue.

US Pat. No. 10,457,983

ANALYTIC DEVICE

B IOMEME, INC.

1. A portable analytic device for processing a biological sample, comprising:a housing;
at least one heating block within said housing, wherein said at least one heating block comprises at least one recess that is configured to receive an assay tube;
at least one heating unit in thermal communication with said at least one heating block, which at least one heating unit provides thermal energy to said assay tube through said at least one heating block;
an excitation source positioned to expose said assay tube to an excitation energy; and
a processing unit comprising a circuit within said housing, wherein said processing unit is operatively coupled to said at least one heating unit and said excitation source, wherein said processing unit is configured to communicate with a mobile electronic device external to said housing, and wherein said processing unit is configured to:
(a) receive instructions from said mobile electronic device external to said housing for processing said biological sample in said assay tube,
(b) in response to said instructions, (i) direct said at least one heating unit to provide thermal energy to said at least one heating block to provide heat to said assay tube, and (ii) direct said excitation source to expose said assay tube to excitation energy.

US Pat. No. 10,457,979

TRANSLOCATION CONTROL FOR SENSING BY A NANOPORE

STRATOS GENOMICS, INC., ...

1. A method for controlling the translocation of a target molecule for sensing by a nanopore, comprising passing the target molecule through the nanopore subjected to a base line voltage and a pulsed voltage, wherein the target molecule comprises two or more duplex features which provide translocation control by hybridization, and wherein the periodicity of the pulsed voltage ranges from between greater than 100 Hz to 4,000 Hz.

US Pat. No. 10,457,977

PARTICLE-ASSISTED NUCLEIC ACID SEQUENCING

President and Fellows of ...

1. A method of at least partially determining the sequence of a target nucleic acid, the method comprising:passing a microfluidic droplet containing a target nucleic acid through a microfluidic channel;
injecting a plurality of particles into the microfluidic droplet containing the target nucleic acid, at least some of the particles have nucleic acid probes fastened thereto that can hybridize with said target nucleic acid, and wherein the particles comprise a gel;
hybridizing said nucleic acid probes to the target nucleic acid; and
at least partially determining the sequence of the target nucleic acid.

US Pat. No. 10,457,974

METHODS FOR DIAGNOSING INFECTIOUS DISEASES USING ADSORPTION MEDIA

ExThera Medical Corporati...

1. An in vitro method for removing a bacteria of genus Borrelia from a subject, the method comprising:(a) contacting a blood sample obtained from said subject with an adsorption media under conditions to form an adhering complex comprising the adsorption media and a cell present in the blood sample which is infected with the bacteria; and
(b) removing the adhering complex from the blood sample, to thereby remove the bacteria of genus Borrelia and treat Lyme disease.

US Pat. No. 10,457,971

METHOD OF MAKING AN ELECTROCHEMICAL SENSOR STRIP

ASCENSIA DIABETES CARE HO...

1. A method of making an electrochemical sensor strip, the method comprising:depositing a first electrode on a base;
depositing a second electrode on the base;
applying a first reagent layer onto the first electrode, the first reagent layer comprising an electroactive organic molecule and an oxidoreductase configured to facilitate a redox reaction of an analyte; and
applying a second reagent layer onto the second electrode, the second reagent layer consisting essentially of a redox pair comprising a first soluble redox species and a second soluble redox species, the redox pair being selected from a group consisting of an organotransition metal complex, a transition metal coordination complex, and mixtures thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,457,966

BIOSYNTHESIS OF CANNABINOID PRODRUGS AND THEIR USE AS THERAPEUTIC AGENTS

Teewinot Technologies Lim...

1. A method for producing a cannabinoid prodrug of Formula II or Formula III:comprising(i) contacting a compound according to Formula I
with a cannabinoid synthase to produce a compound according to Formula II or Formula III; and(ii) optionally decarboxylating the Formula II or Formula III compound;whereinin Formula I, R and R3 are each independently selected from the group consisting of —H, acetyl, propionyl, 3-hydroxy-2-methylpropionyl, trimethylsilyl (TMS), t-butyldimethylsilyl (TBDMS), benzyl, tetrahydropyran, —C(O)[CH2]x—C(O)OH, —C(O)[CH2]x—OR4, —C(O)[CHR4]x—C(O)OH, —C(O)[CHR4]x—OR5, —C(O)[CR4R5]x—OR6, —C(O)O[CH2]x—OR4, —C(O)—CH2—[OCH2CH2]x—OR4, —C(O)—C(O)—[OCH2CH2]x—OR4, —C(O)[CH2]x—NR4R5, —C(O)O[CH2]x—NR4R5, —C(O)O[CH2]x—N+(R4)(R5))(R6)X?, —C(O)O[CH2]x—N+(R4)(R5)(R6)X?, —C(O)—NH—[CH2]x—N+(R4)(R5))(R6)X?, a L-amino acid residue, a D-amino acid residue, a ?-amino acid residue, a ?-amino acid residue, —P(O)[OY](OZ), and —P(O)[NR4NR5][OY](OZ),
in Formula II, R is selected from the group consisting of acetyl, propionyl, 3-hydroxy-2-methylpropionyl, TMS, TBDMS, benzyl, tetrahydropyran, —C(O)[CH2]x—C(O)OH—, —C(O)[CH2]x—OR4, —C(O)[CHR4]x—C(O)OH, —C(O)[CHR4]x—OR5, —C(O)[CR4R5]x—OR6, —C(O)O[CH2]x—OR4, —C(O)—CH2[OCH2CH2]x—OR4, —C(O)—C(O)—[OCH2CH2]x—OR4, —C(O)[CH2]x—NR4R5, —C(O)O[CH2]x—NR4R5, —C(O)—NH—[CH2]x—NR4R5, —C(O)[CH2]x—N+(R4)(R5))(R6)X?, —C(O)O[CH2]x—N+(R4)(R5)(R6)X?, —C(O)—NH—[CH2]x—N+(R4)(R5))(R6)X?, a L-amino acid residue, a D-amino acid residue, a ?-amino acid residue, a ?-amino acid residue, —P(O)[OY](OZ), and —P(O)[NR4NR5][OY](OZ),
in Formula III, R and R3 are each independently selected from the group consisting of —H, propionyl, 3-hydroxy-2-methylpropionyl, TMS, TBDMS, benzyl, tetrahydropyran, —C(O)[CH2]x—C(O)OH, —C(O)[CH2]x—OR4, —C(O)[CHR4]x—C(O)OH, —C(O)[CHR4]x—OR5, —C(O)[CR4R5]x—OR6, —C(O)O[CH2]x—OR4, —C(O)—CH2[OCH2CH2]x—OR4, —C(O)—C(O)—[OCH2CH2]x—OR4, —C(O)[CH2]x—NR4R5, —C(O)O[CH2]x—NR4R5, —C(O)—NH—[CH2]x—NR4R5, —C(O)[CH2]x—N+(R4)(R5))(R6)X?, —C(O)O[CH2]x—N+(R4)(R5)(R6)X?, —C(O)—NH—[CH2]x—N+(R4)(R5))(R6)X?, a L-amino acid residue, a D-amino acid residue, a ?-amino acid residue, a ?-amino acid residue, —P(O)[OY](OZ), and —P(O)[NR4NR5][OY](OZ),
wherein R and R3 are not simultaneously H;
R1 is —H, —COOH, —COORa, or —(CH2)nCOOH;
R2 is selected from the group consisting of methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, hexyl, isohexyl, and neohexyl;
R4, R5, and R6 are each independently selected from the group consisting of —H, —OH, formyl, acetyl, pivaloyl, —NH(CH3), —NH(CH2CH3), N(CH3)2, —NH[C(O)H], —NH[C(O)CH3], and (C1-C5)alkyl;
Ra is (C1-C10)alkyl;
“X” is a counter ion derived from a pharmaceutically acceptable acid;
“Y” and “Z” are each independently selected from the group consisting of —H, (C1-C5)alkyl, alkali metal cations, alkaline earth metal cations, ammonium cation, methyl ammonium cation, and pharmaceutically acceptable bases;
subscript “x” is selected from the group consisting of 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, and
subscript “n” is selected from the group consisting of 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6.

US Pat. No. 10,457,962

METHODS OF ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF BIOMASS TO PRODUCE BIOGAS

Virerco AD, LLC, Ridgefi...

1. A mobile system for digesting organic matter and producing biogas, the system comprising:a shipping container or trailer adapted for carriage on a truck or train; the shipping container or trailer containing:
a digester comprising:
a pump for pumping an aqueous liquid containing organic material into
a hydrolysis tank containing hydrolytic microorganisms; the hydrolysis tank directly hydraulically connected to
a solids separator to separate undigested solids, the solids separator directly hydraulically connected to
a methanogenesis tank comprising fixed film methanogens and an outlet for liquid effluent;
a heater adapted for heating liquid in the container or liquid fed into the hydrolysis tank or methanogenesis tank;
a plurality of instruments having detectors in contact with liquid or gas in the hydrolysis tank and methanogenesis tank;
the instruments linked to a computer for receiving data; and
the computer linked to a modem for transmitting data from the shipping container or trailer to a remote computer;
wherein the solids separator is adapted and positioned for accepting hydrolysis effluent from the hydrolysis tank, separating solids from the hydrolysis effluent to produce a solids fraction and a screened hydrolysis effluent, and transferring the screened hydrolysis effluent to the methanogenesis tank.

US Pat. No. 10,457,949

RDNA NTS-BASED GENE MULTIPLE INSERTION CASSETTE SET AND GRAS-GRADE RECOMBINANT YEAST STRAIN

CHUNG-ANG UNIVERSITY INDU...

1. A gene multiple insertion cassette comprising:a 5?-end fragment of Sacchoromyces cerevisiae ribosomal DNA nontranscribed spacer (rDNA NTS) consisting of SEP ID NO: 1;
a target insertion gene;
an auxotrophic selection marker gene comprising a promoter region; anda 3?-end fragment of S. cerevisiae rDNA NTS consisting of SEP ID NO: 2, in the stated order.

US Pat. No. 10,457,945

UNA OLIGOMERS FOR THERAPEUTICS WITH PROLONGED STABILITY

ARCTURUS THERAPEUTICS, IN...

1. A ribonucleotide oligomer comprising one or more 2?-3?-seco-nucleomonomers and one or more natural or non-natural nucleotide monomers, wherein the oligomer is a duplex having a ribonucleotide sense strand and ribonucleotide antisense strand, wherein one or more of the 2?-3?-seco-nucleomonomers are in the antisense strand in positions 1-8 counted from the 5? end, and wherein the 2?-3?-seco-nucleomonomers are monomer D
wherein Base is a nucleobase.

US Pat. No. 10,457,935

PROTEIN ARRAYS AND METHODS OF USING AND MAKING THE SAME

Gen9, Inc., Boston, MA (...

1. A method for preparing a protein array having a plurality of proteins, the method comprising:(a) providing a plurality of nucleic acids each having a predefined sequence and each encoding a protein of interest, wherein the plurality of nucleic acids are immobilized on discrete features of a surface; and
(b) expressing in vitro a plurality of proteins of interest from the plurality of nucleic acids, wherein the plurality of proteins are each present in solution at the discrete features on the surface;
wherein each of the plurality of proteins of interest is expressed in a self-contained volume having a size of 1 picoliter to 1 nanoliter.

US Pat. No. 10,457,934

METHODS FOR GENOME ASSEMBLY, HAPLOTYPE PHASING, AND TARGET INDEPENDENT NUCLEIC ACID DETECTION

Dovetail Genomics, LLC, ...

1. A method of assaying for nucleic acid species diversity in a heterogeneous sample comprising at least two species, comprisinga) obtaining a stabilized nucleic acid sample comprising a diverse plurality of nucleic acids from at least two species stabilized such that, for at least a first member of the plurality, a first nucleic acid segment and a second nucleic acid segment are held together independent of their common phosphodiester backbone, wherein said phosphodiester backbone is cleaved between said first nucleic acid segment and said second nucleic acid segment, and for at least a second member of the plurality, a third nucleic acid segment and a fourth nucleic acid segment are held together independent of their common phosphodiester backbone, wherein said phosphodiester backbone is cleaved between said third nucleic acid segment and said fourth nucleic acid segment;
b) tagging said first nucleic acid segment with a first tag and said second nucleic acid segment with a second tag, such that said first nucleic acid segment and said second nucleic acid segment are identifiable as arising from a common nucleic acid of the diverse plurality of nucleic acids, and tagging said third nucleic acid segment with a third tag and said fourth nucleic acid segment with a fourth tag, such that said third nucleic acid segment and said fourth nucleic acid segment are identifiable as arising from a common nucleic acid of the diverse plurality of nucleic acids;
c) sequencing at least an identifiable portion of said first nucleic acid segment and said first tag, of said second nucleic acid segment and said second tag, of said third nucleic acid segment and said third tag, and of said fourth nucleic acid segment and said fourth tag;
d) constructing at least a first sequence scaffold comprising said first nucleic acid segment and said second nucleic acid segment and a second sequence scaffold comprising said third nucleic acid segment and said fourth nucleic acid segment; such that a plurality of segments of said diverse plurality of nucleic acids are assigned to at least one of the first or second sequence scaffold; and
e) counting a plurality of sequence scaffolds constructed,
wherein nucleic acid segments tagged such that they are identifiable as arising from a common nucleic acid of the diverse plurality of nucleic acids are assigned to a common scaffold; and
wherein the number of scaffolds generated indicates the species diversity in the heterogeneous sample.

US Pat. No. 10,457,932

METHODS FOR IN VITRO RIBOSOME SYNTHESIS AND EVOLUTION

Northwestern University, ...

1. A method of identifying an engineered or modified E. coli ribosome having functional activity under a defined condition, comprising:(a) performing an integrated ribosome synthesis assembly and translation (iSAT) reaction with a library of mutated rRNA templates and a ribosome display reporter template; and
(b) partitioning a subpopulation of rRNAs in assembled mutated ribosomes having translational activity under the defined condition from a remainder population of mutated rRNAs present in the iSAT reaction; and
(c) enriching the partitioned subpopulation of rRNAs in assembled mutated ribosomes having translational activity to identify the engineered E. coli ribosome having functional activity under the defined condition.

US Pat. No. 10,457,931

PURIFICATION OF NUCLEIC ACID FROM A SAMPLE CONTAINING NUCLEIC ACID AND ENDOTOXIN

1. A process for purifying nucleic acids from a biologic sample containing nucleic acid, comprising the following steps:a) preparing a fluid sample containing nucleic acid and endotoxin each in dissolved form;
b) precipitating at least the nucleic acid and endotoxin from the fluid sample onto the surface of a solid carrier material selected from the group consisting of mineral carrier materials, quartz fibers, silica, glass, aluminum oxide, zeolite, titanium dioxide, zirconium dioxide, and combinations thereof;
c) washing the precipitated constituents of the liquid sample from step b) to at least partially remove the endotoxin with a washing solution which contains
(i) an amine compound of formula (I),

wherein R1, R2 and R3 independently of each other stand for a hydrogen atom, a (C1 to C6)-alkyl group, a (C1 to C6)-monohydroxyalkyl group, a (C2 to C6)-dihydroxyalkyl group, a (C3 to C6)-trihydroxyalkyl group, and at least one of the residues R1, R2 and R3 differs from a hydrogen atom and with a molar mass of ?500 g/mol and;
(ii) a C1-C6-monoalcohol, isopropanol, or a combination thereof, and
having a pH-value (20° C.) in the range from pH 3.0 to pH 8.5; and
d) dissolving the remaining nucleic acid derived from the washed, precipitated constituents from step c) by means of a dissolving buffer and capturing the dissolved nucleic acids,
wherein
the washing solution of step c) comprises the amine compound in a concentration of 200 mmol/L to 1,000 mmol/L.

US Pat. No. 10,457,912

STROMAL VASCULAR FRACTION PROCESSING DEVICES AND METHODS

FLEX PARTNERS

1. A tissue processing system comprising:a processing device including an outer housing that contains an inner compartment; and
a containment device that includes an outer body that releasably couples to the inner compartment of the processing device, the containment device comprising
a transfer line that includes a hollow passageway that extends a distance along a center axis of the outer body;
at least one chamber in fluid communication with the transfer line and positioned within the outer body;
a collection chamber releasably coupled to a collection port contained within the outer body, the collection chamber being in fluid communication with the transfer line; and
a shuttle valve including a transfer pathway that extends through the shuttle valve, the shuttle valve being moveable along the transfer line for creating, depending upon a position of the shuttle valve along the transfer pathway, a fluid pathway between two chambers of the at least one chamber or between a chamber of the at least one chamber and the collection chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,457,908

METHOD OF MICROBIOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF A SAMPLE IN A UNIQUE CONTAINER

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA REC...

1. A method of analysis of a sample comprising:a) introducing the sample and a culture medium into a single, flexible container having a single compartment;
b) homogenizing the sample and the culture medium so as to obtain a homogenized mixture;
c) closing said container after step a) or step b);
d) enriching the homogenized mixture;
e) connecting a module to the flexible container before, during or after step d); and
f) analyzing homogenized mixture by an analysis system, wherein the module comprises the analysis system; and
wherein steps a) to d) are carried out in the single container; and steps d) to f) are carried out without reopening of the container.

US Pat. No. 10,457,907

ELECTROCHEMICAL MEASUREMENT DEVICE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An electrochemical measurement device, comprising:a base;
a specimen placement portion disposed on the base, for placing a biological specimen;
a first electrode disposed on the base and surrounding the specimen placement portion; and
a first insulating layer covering the first electrode, wherein:
the first insulating layer has a plurality of openings,
the first electrode has a plurality of first electrode exposed portions which are portions of the first electrode that are exposed from the plurality of openings of the first insulating layer,
an area of each of the first electrode exposed portions is less than or equal to 500 ?m2,
a distance between each of the first electrode exposed portions and a center of the specimen placement portion is greater than 100 ?m, and
the plurality of first electrode exposed portions are arranged on a perimeter of a circle surrounding the specimen placement portion.

US Pat. No. 10,457,906

METHOD FOR THE EFFECTIVE DELIVERY OF PHOTONIC ENERGY TO CULTURES IN A FLUID MEDIUM

Staterra LLC, Woodinvill...

1. A device, comprising:a culture medium;
a container configured to house the culture medium; and
an assembly including a photonic device, the assembly is configured to generate a liquid energy transfer medium and deliver the liquid energy transfer medium between the culture medium and the photonic device to separate the photonic device from the culture medium, the assembly including one or more apertures sized and shaped to form one or more liquid replenishing lenses in response to the liquid energy transfer medium passing through the one or more apertures, the assembly including a fluid-light unit in the container configured to house the photonic device and to provide the liquid energy transfer medium, the fluid-light unit having the one or more apertures that are sized and shaped to form the one or more liquid replenishing lenses in response to the liquid energy transfer medium passing through the one or more apertures, wherein the photonic device is at least one from among a photoreceptor, a photoemitter, or a combination of the photoreceptor and the photoemitter, wherein the assembly further includes a pump coupled to the fluid-light unit and configured to continuously expose the photonic device to the liquid energy transfer medium, and wherein the assembly is configured to convey the photonic energy between the photonic device and the culture medium through the liquid energy transfer medium.

US Pat. No. 10,457,905

BIOREACTOR CONNECTORS

Biostage, Inc., Hollisto...

5. A bioreactor arbor assembly comprising:a first cylindrical end unit and a second cylindrical end unit, wherein the first and second end units confront one another and are connected via an elongate shaft,
a first cannula unit connected to the first cylindrical end unit, and
a second cannula unit connected to the second cylindrical end unit, wherein a first opening of a tubular scaffold is attached to the first cannula unit and a second opening of a tubular scaffold is attached to the second cannula unit, wherein the second cannula end unit is connected to the second end unit, wherein a spacer unit is positioned between the first cannula unit and the first cylindrical end unit end and wherein the first cannula unit comprises an orifice and the second cannula unit comprises an orifice, wherein the first and second cannula units are arranged such that they confront one another along a longitudinal axis that passes through the two orifices.

US Pat. No. 10,457,904

MINIATURIZED CONTINUOUS-FLOW FERMENTING APPARATUS

Iowa State University Res...

1. A miniaturized, continuous flow beverage fermenting apparatus, comprising:a housing comprising a first plate and a second plate, said first plate including a recessed channel, said recessed channel having a floor and opposing sidewalls defining the recessed channel;
a hydrophilic membrane generally adjacent the first plate;
a second membrane generally adjacent the second plate, wherein the second membrane comprises a hydrophobic membrane or a solid, non-porous membrane; and
a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) layer around the outer perimeters of the first and second plates and positioned generally between the plates;
wherein the hydrophilic and second membranes are separated to allow yeast to be positioned therebetween;
wherein said second plate comprising a plurality of exhaust apertures therethrough; and
wherein the recessed channel of the first plate is serpentine-shaped.

US Pat. No. 10,457,903

TANK FOR WINE FERMENTATION

1. A wine-making tank system, comprising:a cylindrical vessel;
a gas supply device for supplying gases within the cylindrical vessel;
an air-tight sealing device operably associated with a top portion of the cylindrical vessel;
a pressure control device adapted to define and maintain a pre-determined pressure level within the cylindrical vessel;
a first gas adduction nozzle operably associated with the gas supply device, wherein the first gas adduction nozzle is provided inside the cylindrical vessel and located proximate to a bottom portion of the cylindrical vessel;
a second gas adduction nozzle operably associated with the gas supply device, wherein the second gas adduction nozzle is provided inside the cylindrical vessel and located at an intermediate height of the cylindrical vessel, and wherein the second gas adduction nozzle is adapted to insufflate an inert gas or air, wherein the insufflated inert gas or air is operable to determine a micro-oxygenation of a liquid mass contained in the cylindrical vessel without disturbing any solid parts contained in the cylindrical vessel;
a third gas adduction nozzle operably associated with the gas supply device, wherein the third gas adduction nozzle is provided inside the cylindrical vessel and located proximate to an upper portion of the cylindrical vessel, and being above a pre-determined maximum level of a liquid contained in the cylindrical vessel, and wherein the third gas adduction nozzle is adapted to insufflate an inert gas or air into a free upper volume of the cylindrical vessel and over a liquid mass contained in the cylindrical vessel, wherein the insufflated inert gas or air is present in a mixture that is operable to slow down or accelerate a process of oxidation of any must contained in the cylindrical vessel;
a power and control device operably associated with the pressure control device and first, second and third gas adduction nozzles.

US Pat. No. 10,457,895

WASHING OR CLEANING AGENT FOR REDUCING MALODORS

1. A washing or cleaning agent, wherein said washing or cleaning agent contains a metal organic framework (MOF) comprising organic ligands having the general formula (IV),wherein R1 to R4 in general formula (IV) represent, independently of each other, —H, —COOH, —COO?, —OH, or —NH2;wherein the washing or cleaning agent further comprises:a) 5 to 40 wt % anionic surfactants selected from the group consisting of alkylbenzene sulfonates, alkyl sulfates and mixtures thereof,
b) 0.5 to 25 wt % nonionic surfactants selected from the group consisting of fatty alcohol polyglycol ethers, alkyl polyglucosides, fatty acid glucamides and mixtures thereof;and wherein the metal organic framework is free of copper.

US Pat. No. 10,457,892

FATTY ACID ESTER-BASED WAX COMPOSITIONS AND METHODS OF MAKING THEREOF

Iowa State University Res...

1. A process for preparing a wax composition, comprising:providing one or more saturated free fatty acids having the formula of
wherein Ra is a substituted or unsubstituted C4 to C50 alkyl;providing a polyethylene glycol having the formula of
a diol having a formula ofor mixture thereof, wherein n1 is an integer from 2 to 10, and n2 is an integer from 2 to 24;reacting the polyethylene glycol, the diol, or mixture thereof with the one or more saturated free fatty acids in the presence of an esterification catalyst at a temperature of 60° C. to 120° C., to form one or more fatty acid monoester or diester compounds; and
removing the esterification catalyst from the formed fatty acid monoester or diester compounds.

US Pat. No. 10,457,889

LOW-TEMPERATURE TREATED PERILLA OIL FOR SUPPRESSING GENERATION OF COAGULATED SUSPENDED MATERIALS DURING LOW-TEMPERATURE COLD STORAGE AND PREPARATION METHOD THEREFOR

Soobook LIM, Busan (KR)

1. A method for preparing a low-temperature treated perilla oil for suppressing generation of coagulated suspended materials during low-temperature cold storage, the method comprising:a perilla washing step (S100) of inserting perilla into a washing machine to wash it for 5 to 20 minutes;
a drying step (S200) of drying the perilla washed through the perilla washing step ((S100)) with hot air of 30 to 60° C. for 3 to 5 hours such that the perilla has a moisture percentage of 4 to 7%;
an oil expression step (S300) of inserting the perilla dried through the drying step (S200) into an oil expression machine and expressing a perilla oil for 5 to 20 minutes by application of pressure at a temperature of 0 to 49° C., wherein when the pressure as an oil expression pressure is continuously increased to and then reaches 300 kgf/cm2, the oil expression pressure is increased per 5 minutes for each step in the range of 10 to 50 kgf/cm2 to be gradually increased to 700 kgf/cm2 over time;
a precipitation step (S400) of inserting the perilla oil expressed through the oil expression step (S300) into a precipitation tank to spontaneously precipitate it for 10 minutes or more;
a precipitate-excluded perilla oil extraction step (S410) of extracting only a perilla oil in an upper layer excluding a lower precipitation layer from the perilla oil precipitated through the precipitation step (S400);
a low-temperature treatment step (S500) of treating the perilla oil, extracted from the upper layer excluding the lower precipitation layer through the precipitate-excluded perilla oil extraction step (S410), at a low temperature ranging from ?5° C. to 5° C.;
a filtering step (S600) of filtering the perilla oil treated at a low temperature through the low-temperature treatment step (S500) using a food screen of 1 to 10 ?m; and
a container charging step (S700) of charging a container with the perilla oil filtered through the filtering step (S600),
wherein the perilla oil is provided without generation of suspended materials during low-temperature cold storage, and generation of carcinogens such as trans-fatty acids and benzopyrene is minimized.

US Pat. No. 10,457,886

CATALYTIC DEPOLYMERISATION OF POLYMERIC MATERIALS

GreenMantra Recycling Tec...

1. A process for depolymerizing polystyrene comprising catalytically depolymerizing molten polystyrene in the presence of a catalyst within a reaction zone to produce a reaction product, wherein said catalyst comprises [Fe—Cu—Mo—P]/Al2O3.

US Pat. No. 10,457,885

COATING FILM, MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR SAME, AND PVD DEVICE

NIPPON ITF, INC., Kyoto ...

1. A coating film, coated on a substrate surface, whereinthe coating film has a hard carbon that presents relatively black and white when observed in a cross-sectional bright-field TEM image,
a mesh-shaped hard carbon layer is formed using a PVD method, wherein the mesh-shaped hard carbon layer is that white-colored hard carbon in a mesh shape extending in the thickness direction and black-colored hard carbon dispersed into the cavities in the mesh,
the ID/IG ratio is 1-6 when the mesh-shaped hard carbon layer is measured using Raman spectroscopy, said ratio being the ratio of the Raman spectrum D band peak area intensity and G band peak area intensity, wherein
the white-colored hard carbon in a mesh shape extending in the thickness direction displays an amorphous scattering pattern in electron beam diffraction,
the mesh-shaped hard carbon layer further has a lower non-mesh-shaped hard carbon layer,
the lower hard carbon layer displays a color darker than the white-colored hard carbon in a mesh shape extending in the thickness direction in the bright-field TEM image,
the mesh-shaped hard carbon layer grows to be fan-shaped from the lower hard carbon layer, and
the fan-shaped growing starts with the white-colored hard carbon.

US Pat. No. 10,457,883

METHOD OF SEPARATING AND DE-WATERING FINE PARTICLES

Virginia Tech Intellectua...

1. A process of upgrading a low-rank coal comprising the steps ofa. heating said low-rank coal in a hydrothermal reactor in the presence of CO2,
b. displacing water released during the hydrothermal process with liquid CO2, and
c. transporting the dewatered coal under a CO2 atmosphere, thereby minimizing the possibility of spontaneous combustion.

US Pat. No. 10,457,882

METHODS OF PRODUCING SOLID FUEL USING LOW ASH, LOW SULFUR COAL REPLACEMENT FROM FAST PYROLYSIS OF BIOMASS

Iowa State University Res...

1. A method of producing a solid fuel, said method comprising:providing a bio-oil;
subjecting the bio-oil to an extraction procedure with an aqueous solution to produce a concentrated pyrolytic sugar-containing extract and a water insoluble raffinate comprising a lignin-derived phenolic oil; and
thermally curing the phenolic oil to form a carbonaceous solid.

US Pat. No. 10,457,879

BLOCKAGE-FREE WATER OVERFLOW FROM THE WATER JACKET OF A QUENCHER INTO THE QUENCHING CHAMBER

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A device for cooling hot raw gas and slag from the entrained-flow gasification of liquid and solid fuels at temperatures of the raw gas of from 1200 to 1800° C. and pressures of up to 10 MPa, comprising:a quenching chamber arranged below a gasification reactor,
an inner jacket which delimits the quenching chamber arranged in a pressure-bearing container wall in such a way that an annular gap is formed between the container wall and the inner jacket,
a feed of cooling water provided via a connection piece at a lower end of the annular gap in such a way that said cooling water rises upward in the annular gap, and
at least one quenching lance which has a quenching nozzle, which is encased by a sleeve, for injecting cooling water into the quenching chamber and which is arranged in such a way that it penetrates through the container wall and the inner jacket,
wherein the sleeve has an opening for discharge of the cooling water from the annular gap into the quenching chamber at a point where it extends in the annular gap.

US Pat. No. 10,457,878

PROCESS FOR RECOVERING HYDROCRACKED EFFLUENT

UOP LLC, Des Plaines, IL...

1. A hydroprocessing process comprising:hydrocracking a diesel feed stream in a hydrocracking reactor with a hydrogen stream over hydrocracking catalyst to provide a hydrocracked stream;
separating said hydroprocessed effluent stream in a separator to provide a vaporous hydrocracked stream and a liquid hydrocracked stream;
fractionating the liquid hydrocracked stream in a first fractionation column to provide a first overhead stream comprising LPG and light naphtha and a first bottoms stream comprising heavy naphtha and kerosene;
fractionating the first overhead stream in a second fractionation column to provide a second overhead stream comprising LPG and a second bottoms stream comprising light naphtha;
fractionating the first bottoms stream in a third fractionation column to provide a third overhead stream comprising heavy naphtha and the second bottoms stream comprising distillate; and
heat exchanging the third overhead stream with a boilup stream taken from the second bottoms stream to reboil the boilup stream and return it to the second fractionation column.

US Pat. No. 10,457,877

LUBRICANT BASESTOCK PRODUCTION WITH ENHANCED AROMATIC SATURATION

ExxonMobil Research and E...

1. A method for producing a lubricant boiling range product, comprising:hydroprocessing a feedstock comprising a portion having an initial boiling point of at least 650° F. (˜343° C.) under first hydroprocessing conditions to form a hydroprocessed effluent;
fractionating at least a portion of the hydroprocessed effluent to form at least a first fuels boiling range fraction and a second fraction, the second fraction comprising a lubricant boiling range portion;
hydrocracking the second fraction in the presence of a hydrocracking catalyst under hydrocracking conditions in a first reactor to form a hydrocracked effluent, the hydrocracking catalyst comprising USY zeolite having a unit cell size of 24.30 ? or less, a silica to alumina ratio of at least 50, and an Alpha value of 20 or less, the hydrocracking catalyst further comprising 0.1 wt % to 5.0 wt % of a Group 8-10 noble metal supported on the hydrocracking catalyst, the hydrocracking conditions comprising a hydrocracking reactor exit temperature;
dewaxing at least a portion of the hydrocracked effluent and a recycled portion of a dewaxed effluent under catalytic dewaxing conditions in a second reactor to form a dewaxed effluent, the catalytic dewaxing conditions comprising a dewaxing reactor inlet temperature that is at least 20° C. lower than the hydrocracking reactor exit temperature;
separating at least a portion of the dewaxed effluent to form at least the recycled portion of the dewaxed effluent and a product portion of the dewaxed effluent; and
fractionating the product portion of the dewaxed effluent to form at least:
a fuels boiling range product;
a first lubricant boiling range product having an aromatics content of 2.0 wt % or less and a kinematic viscosity (100° C.) of 4 to 6 cSt, wherein the first lubricant boiling range product comprises less than 35.7% 2+ ring cycloparaffins, less than 11.0% 3+ ring cycloparaffins, and less than 3.7% 4+ ring cycloparaffins, and
a second lubricant boiling range product having an aromatics content of 2.0 wt % or less and a kinematic viscosity (100° C.) of 10 to 14 cSt.

US Pat. No. 10,457,876

SELECTIVE NAPHTHA REFORMING PROCESSES

Phillips 66 Company, Hou...

1. A process for reforming a hydrocarbon feedstock, comprising:a) providing a hydrocarbon feedstock comprising paraffins and naphthenes, each of which comprises from four to twelve carbon atoms, wherein the boiling point range of the hydrocarbon feedstock ranges from 12° C. to 230° C.;
b) contacting the hydrocarbon feedstock with a first reforming catalyst at a temperature, a pressure and a hydrogen to hydrocarbon ratio that facilitates the catalytic aromatization of naphthenes in the hydrocarbon feedstock, thereby converting the hydrocarbon feedstock to a first reformer effluent characterized by an increased research octane number and increased wt. % of aromatics, wherein the contacting catalytically converts less than 50% of paraffins in the hydrocarbon feedstock;
c) separating the first reformer effluent into a first fraction and a second fraction, wherein the first fraction is enriched in aromatics relative to the first reformer effluent and is suitable for use as a blend component of a liquid transportation fuel, and the second fraction is enriched in paraffins relative to the first reformer effluent;
d) combining the second fraction with a second reforming catalyst at a temperature, a pressure and a hydrogen to hydrocarbon ratio that facilitates catalytic dehydrogenation of at least 50% of the paraffins in the second fraction by the second reforming catalyst, thereby producing a second reformer effluent that predominantly comprises olefins comprising four or five carbon atoms and unreacted paraffins and is characterized by an increased research octane number relative to the first reformer effluent.

US Pat. No. 10,457,875

H2 AND BIO-FUELS PRODUCTION FROM RENEWABLE FEEDSTOCKS

1. A catalytic process for obtaining hydrogen gas and hydrocarbons ranging from C1-C24 in a single reactor, the process comprising:a) mixing a renewable feedstock selected from the group consisting of plant, animal or algae oil, lipids, glycerides and fatty acids with hydrogen in a range of 300 to 3500 NL hydrogen/L of feed;
b) processing of renewable feedstocks obtained in step (a) in a single or multiple sulfided graded catalytic beds with single or multiple catalytic materials comprising of one or more active metal combinations or metal encapsulated inside sodalite cages or a combination thereof, at an average temperature of the catalytic bed from 250° C. to 500° C., at a pressure in the range of 10 to 150 atmosphere, at a space-velocity in the range of 0.5 h?1 to 8 h?1,
wherein the active metal combinations comprise the combination of metals selected from the group consisting of Mo, Ni, Co, and W, and wherein the metal encapsulated inside sodalite cage catalyst is selected from Pt or Pd.

US Pat. No. 10,457,873

PROCESS FOR PRODUCING HIGH QUALITY BIO-OIL IN HIGH YIELD

Inaeris Technologies, LLC...

1. A process for converting a solid biomass material comprising minerals to a high quality bio-oil in high yield, said process comprising:(a) contacting said solid biomass with a solvent so as to dissolve at least part of the minerals present in said solid biomass, wherein said solvent comprises a phosphoric acid;
(b) at least partially removing said solvent from said solid biomass via a liquid/solid separation method to form a demineralized biomass;
(c) subjecting said demineralized biomass to a pretreatment step, wherein said pretreatment step comprises improving the accessibility of said demineralized biomass by opening the texture of the particles of said demineralized biomass, wherein said improving comprises heating said demineralized biomass to a temperature in the range of from 90 to 300° C. in an oxygen-free atmosphere to form a pretreated solid biomass; and
(d) subjecting at least a portion of said pretreated solid biomass to a pyrolysis step in a pyrolysis reactor and in the presence of a regenerated catalyst to produce a bio-oil having a Total Acid Number (TAN) of less than 30 and a used catalyst, wherein said bio-oil has a TAN of y and a yield of x, such that the ratio x/y is greater than 1.5; and
(e) regenerating said used catalyst in a regenerator to produce a flue gas and said regenerated catalyst.

US Pat. No. 10,457,872

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ON-LINE PIGGING AND SPALLING OF COKER FURNACE OUTLETS

Bechtel Hydrocarbon Techn...

1. A system for on-line pigging of a tube coil for a furnace in a delayed coking system, which comprises:a first pressurized steam source in fluid communication with the tube coil at a tube coil first end;
a main line in fluid communication with the tube coil at a tube coil second end and in fluid communication with an additional drum input line, the main line having a first isolation valve between the tube coil second end and the additional drum input line, the main line having a second isolation valve between the first isolation valve and the additional drum input line;
a third valve on a second line between a fourth valve and the main line, the fourth valve in fluid communication with the main line via the second line, the second line in fluid communication with the main line at a point between the tube coil second end and the first isolation valve;
a second pressurized steam source in fluid communication with the second line at a point between the third valve and the main line;
a third pressurized steam source in fluid communication with the fourth valve,
a fifth valve in fluid communication with the second line at a point between the fourth valve and the third valve and in fluid communication with a vent;
a third line in fluid communication with the main line between the first isolation valve and the second isolation valve and in fluid communication with a sixth valve;
a fourth line in fluid communication with the sixth valve and a closed blowdown system header;
a seventh valve between the closed blowdown system header and the sixth valve; and
a fifth pressurized steam source in fluid communication with an eighth valve, the eighth valve in fluid communication with the fourth line between the sixth valve and the seventh valve.

US Pat. No. 10,457,871

COMPOUNDS AND LIQUID-CRYSTALLINE MEDIUM

MERCK PATENT GMBH, Darms...

1. A medium comprising one or more compounds of formula I in a concentration in the range from 1 ppm to 5,000 ppm,
in which
X1 is —O—, —(CO)—O—, —O—(CO)—, —O—(CO)—O—, —NH—, or —NH—(CO)—,
X2 is —O—, —(CO)—O—, —O—(CO)—, —O—(CO)—O—, or —NH—(CO)—,
Sp denotes straight-chain alkyl having 1 to 20 C atoms, also cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or alkylcycloalkyl, where one or more —CH2— groups in all these groups may each be replaced by —O— in such a way that no two O atoms in the molecule are connected directly to one another, and
R denotes straight-chain or branched alkyl having 1 to 10 C atoms, also cycloalkyl, cycloalkylalkyl or alkylcycloalkyl, where one or more —CH2— groups in all these groups may each be replaced by —O— in such a way that no two O atoms in the molecule are connected directly to one another.

US Pat. No. 10,457,870

CHIRAL COMPOUND, LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION CONTAINING THE SAME, OPTICALLY ANISOTROPIC BODY, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

SHIJIAZHUANG CHENGZHI YON...

1. A chiral compound, characterized in that the structural formula of said chiral compound is as represented by the following formula I:
in said formula I, A and B are each independently selected from any one of cyclohexyl, phenyl, phenyl with at least one —CH— substituted with N, and cyclohexyl with at least one —CH2— substituted with S or O;
X1, X2, Y1 and Y2 are each independently selected from at least one of H, F, CN, an alkyl group having 1-12 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1-12 carbon atoms, and a polymerizable group;
n1, n2, n3 and n4 are all 0 or 1;
C1 and C2 are each independently selected from any one of —CH2— and —CF2—;
Z1 is selected from any one of a single bond, methylene and difluoromethylene;
W1 is selected from any one of cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl or cyclopentyl;
and R1 is selected from any one of H, an alkyl group having 1-7 carbon atoms, a F or Cl-substituted alkyl group having 1-7 carbon atoms, an alkoxy group having 1-7 carbon atoms, and a F or Cl-substituted alkoxy group having 1-7 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,457,869

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Jiangsu Hecheng Display T...

1. A liquid crystal composition, comprising:5-30% by weight of the total amount of the liquid crystal composition of a first component, said first component being one or more compounds of general formula I

5-25% by weight of the total amount of the liquid crystal composition of a second component, said second component being one or more compounds of general formula II-1 and/or general formula II-2

1-15% by weight of the total amount of the liquid crystal composition of a third component, said third component being one or more compounds of general formula III

5-50% by weight of the total amount of the liquid crystal composition of a fourth component, said fourth component being one or more compounds of general formula IV

5-45% by weight of the total amount of the liquid crystal composition of a fifth component, said fifth component being one or more compounds of general formula V
and1-50% by weight of the total amount of the liquid crystal composition of a sixth component, said sixth component being one or more compounds of general formula VI

in which:
R1, R2, R3, R4, R6, R7 and R8 are same or different, and each independently represents C1-C7 alkyl substituted by fluorine or unsubstituted by fluorine, C1-C7 alkoxy substituted by fluorine or unsubstituted by fluorine, or C2-C7 alkenyl substituted by fluorine or unsubstituted by fluorine;
R5 represents —H, C1-C7 alkyl substituted by fluorine or unsubstituted by fluorine, C1-C7 alkoxy substituted by fluorine or unsubstituted by fluorine, or C2-C7 alkenyl substituted by fluorine or unsubstituted by fluorine;
representsone or more H on thecan be substituted by F;Ring
ringringringand ringare same or different, and each independently represents
Ring
ringringand ringare same or different, and each independently represents
L1 and L2 are same or different, and each independently represents —H or —F;
Z1 and Z2 are same or different, and each independently represents single bond, —COO—, —CH2CH2— or —CH2O—;
Z3 and Z4 are same or different, and each independently represents single bond, —COO— or —CH2O—;
a represents 0, 1 or 2, and when a is 2, rings
can be same or different;b, d and e are same or different, and each independently represents 0 or 1;
in which, when d=e=0, d=1 and e=0 or d=0 and e=1, ring
and ringare not simultaneously

US Pat. No. 10,457,868

LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A liquid crystal composition, comprising at least one of:a first compound represented by Chemical Formula 1; or
a second compound represented by Chemical Formula 2; and optionally
a third compound represented by Chemical Formula 2?:

wherein in the Chemical Formulae 1 or 2 or 2?,
R is one of an alkyl group of C1-5, a halogen, and a cyano group;
R? is an alkyl group of C1-5;
Z is one of (CO)O, O(CO), CF2O, OCF2, CH2O, OCH2, SCH2, CH2S, C2F4, CH2CF2, CF2CH2, (CH2)m, CH?CH, CF?CF, CH?CF, CF?CH, C?C, CH?CHCH2O, and a single bond;

 is one of

n is 0 to 3; and
m is 2 to 5.

US Pat. No. 10,457,867

BARK AND WOOD FIBER GROWING MEDIUM

Profile Products, L.L.C.,...

21. A growing medium comprising:about 100 weight % fibrous pine wood components,
wherein the growing medium has a dry bulk density of 12.01 to 20.02 kg/m3 and wet bulk density of about 120 kg/m3 or lower.

US Pat. No. 10,457,866

DRY ETCHING GAS AND DRY ETCHING METHOD

Central Glass Company, Li...

1. A dry etching gas containing 1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene,wherein the 1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene has a purity of 99.7 mass % or more, a nitrogen content of 0.3 volume % or less and a water content of 0.03 mass % or less, and
wherein the total of concentrations of Fe, Ni, Cr, Al, and Mo in the 1,3,3,3-tetrafluoropropene is 500 mass ppb or less.

US Pat. No. 10,457,865

WATER-SOLUBLE QUANTUM DOT (QD) AND MANUFACTURING METHODS OF THE WATER-SOLUBLE QD AND THE QD FILMS

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A manufacturing method of water-soluble quantum dots (QDs), comprising:respectively providing oil-soluble QDs and multi-mercapto polymers;
mixing the multi-mercapto polymer and the oil-soluble QDs such that the multi-mercapto polymer and the oil-soluble QDs are reacted with each other to conduct ligand exchange under protection of inert gas;
adding water and collecting aqueous solution on a top layer after reaction to obtain water-soluble QDs;
the step of providing the multi-mercapto polymer further comprises:
dissolving polymers containing amino and episulfide alkanes in dry chloroform, and after reaction under a first predetermined condition, obtaining the multi-mercapto polymer;
wherein the step of mixing the multi-mercapto polymer and the oil-soluble QDs further comprises:
under the protection of the inert gas, dripping the multi-mercapto polymers into the oil-soluble QDs, after a first predetermined time under a first temperature, adding the water and increasing the temperature of the water to a second temperature, and the reaction is conducted for a second predetermined time;
the step of collecting the aqueous solution on the top layer after the reaction to obtain the water-soluble further comprises:
adding dithiothreitol (DTT) after the temperature is reduced, and extracting
and collecting the aqueous solution on the top layer to obtain the water-soluble QDs.

US Pat. No. 10,457,864

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT MATERIALS AND DEVICES

Universal Display Corpora...

1. A method of preparing a metal complex having the formula M(LA)(LB)(LC), comprising:providing a precursor metal complex having the formula (LA)(LB)M-(X)2-M(LA)(LB),
wherein M is a metal selected from the group consisting of Ir, Rh, Re, Ru, Os, Pt, Au, and Cu, ligand LA is
 ligand LB is and X is a halogen;wherein rings A, B, C, and D are each independently a 5 or 6-membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring;
wherein RA, RB, RC, and RD each independently represent mono substitution up to the maximum possible number of substitutions, or no substitution;
wherein Z1 and Z2 are each independently selected from the group consisting of carbon or nitrogen;
wherein C1 is an anionic donor carbon atom, and C2 is a neutral carbene carbon atom;
wherein each of RA, RB, RC, RD, RX, RY, and RZ are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halide, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heteroalkyl, arylalkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, amino, silyl, alkenyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroalkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, heteroaryl, acyl, carbonyl, carboxylic acids, ester, nitrile, isonitrile, sulfanyl, sulfinyl, sulfonyl, phosphino, and combinations thereof; and
wherein any adjacent substituents are optionally joined or fused into a ring; and reacting the precursor metal complex with a first reagent to obtain the metal complex having the formula M(LA)(LB)(LC),
wherein LC is selected from the group consisting of:

 wherein each of RX, RY, and RZ are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halide, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heteroalkyl, arylalkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, amino, silyl, alkenyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroalkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, heteroaryl, acyl, carbonyl, carboxylic acids, ester, nitrile, isonitrile, sulfanyl, sulfinyl, sulfonyl, phosphino, and combinations thereof;

 wherein rings C? and D? are each independently a 5 or 6-membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring; wherein C1? is an anionic donor carbon atom and C2? is a neutral carbene carbon atom; and variables RC?, RD? are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halide, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heteroalkyl, arylalkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, amino, silyl, alkenyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroalkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, heteroaryl, acyl, carbonyl, carboxylic acids, ester, nitrile, isonitrile, sulfanyl, sulfinyl, sulfonyl, phosphino, and combinations thereof; and

 wherein rings A? and B? ach independently a 5 or 6-membered carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring; variables Z1? is an anionic donor carbon atom and Z2? is a neutral nitrogen atom; and variables RA?, RB? are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halide, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heteroalkyl, arylalkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, amino, silyl, alkenyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroalkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, heteroaryl, acyl, carbonyl, carboxylic acids, ester, nitrile, isonitrile, sulfanyl, sulfinyl, sulfonyl, phosphino, and combinations thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,457,863

COMPOSITION OF AN ORGANIC FOAMING ADDITIVE FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE AND HIGH SALINITY

1. A formulation with foaming properties that control the channeling of gas in naturally fractured carbonated reservoirs, the formulation comprising:a mixture of 20% by weight of supramolecular complexes derived from the interaction alpha-olefinsulfonate sodium (C14-C16), with 1-dodecene sodium sulfonate and 1-hydroxy-1-dodecansulfonate sodium, and
triethanolamine as a stabilizing additive.

US Pat. No. 10,457,861

METHODS AND COMPOSITIONS FOR USE OF PROPPANT SURFACE CHEMISTRY AND INTERNAL POROSITY TO CONSOLIDATE PROPPANT PARTICULATES

CARBO CERAMICS, INC., Ho...

1. A method of hydraulically fracturing a subterranean formation, the method comprising:mixing an activator, a thickener, and a plurality of resin-coated proppant particulates to provide an activated slurry, wherein the activator comprises an epoxy and the resin-coated proppant particulates each comprise a phenol-formaldehyde resin coating containing a plurality of active amine sites;
contacting the activator with the phenol-formaldehyde resin coating to initiate a reaction of the activator with the phenol-formaldehyde resin coating in the activated slurry;
adding a crosslinker to the activated slurry to provide a fracturing fluid;
introducing the fracturing fluid into an induced fracture located in the subterranean formation; and
consolidating at least a portion of the plurality of resin-coated proppant particulates to provide a consolidated proppant pack, wherein the consolidated proppant pack has a UCS of at about 60 psi to about 500 psi when formed under a pressure of about 0.01 psi to about 50 psi and a temperature of about 160° F. to about 250° F.

US Pat. No. 10,457,860

SELF SUSPENDING PROPPANTS WITH BRINE TOLERANCE FOR HYDRAULIC FRACTURING

1. A proppant coated with:at least one water-soluble and/or water-swellable polymers; and
at least one composition comprising at least one sequestering agent;wherein the sequestering agent is in the layer of water soluble and/or water-swellable polymer and/or in another layer; andwherein the sequestering agent is a sequestering agent of divalent cations of a brine solution.

US Pat. No. 10,457,859

PROPPANT FOR USE IN HYDRAULIC FRACTURING TO STIMULATE A WELL

UNIVERSITY OF KENTUCKY RE...

1. A method of hydraulic fracturing of a subterranean formation having a well bore, comprising:injecting into said well bore a slurry containing a first proppant at sufficiently high rates and pressures to fracture said subterranean formation to accept said slurry, wherein said first proppant comprises coal combustion fly ash particles that have been hydraulically classified to have a mean particle size (d50) of between 45 ?m and 150 ?m and a size distribution defined by a (d98)?250 ?m and (d10)=5 ?m, a sphericity of greater than 0.8, a roundness greater than 0.8, and further wherein the first proppant has a void volume of greater than 45% and a density in the range of 1.97 to 2.4 g/cm3.

US Pat. No. 10,457,858

DOUBLE EMULSIFIED ACIDS AND METHODS FOR PRODUCING AND USING THE SAME

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A double emulsified acid comprising:from 5 wt. % to 55 wt. % of a continuous aqueous phase, based on the total weight of the double emulsified acid;
a non-continuous invert emulsion phase, the non-continuous invert emulsion phase comprising:
from 10 wt. % to 30 wt. % of an exterior oil phase, based on the total weight of the double emulsified acid;
from 5 wt. % to 65 wt. % of an internal acid phase, based on the total weight of the double emulsified acid, the internal acid phase comprising:
from 1 wt. % to 99 wt. % of at least one acid, based on the total weight of the internal acid phase; and
from 1 wt. % to 99 wt. % water, based on the total weight of the internal acid phase; and
from 10 wt. % to 20 wt. % of a first emulsifying agent, based on the total weight of the double emulsified acid, the first emulsifying agent having a hydrophilic-lipophilic balance (HLB) greater than 7; and
from 10 wt. % to 20 wt. % of a second emulsifying agent based on the total weight of the double emulsified acid, the second emulsifying agent having an HLB less than or equal to 7.

US Pat. No. 10,457,857

METHOD OF FRACKING USING SILICONE SURFACTANTS

General Electric Company,...

19. A method of fracking subterranean petroleum or gas formations, the method comprisingadmixing liquefied carbon dioxide with a solution of an oil and a surfactant of Formula III to obtain a substantially water-free foam; and
injecting the substantially water-free foam into a well formed in the subterranean petroleum or gas formation, at a pressure sufficient to create a fissure or to force open an existing fissure;
wherein the formula (III) is:
whereineach R1 is independently, at each occurrence, C1-C6 alkyl;
x ranges from 8 to 500;
y ranges from 0 to 10;
where 10 n ranges from 10 to 30;and further wherein from about 50 weight % to about 75 weight % liquefied carbon dioxide is admixed with from about 50 weight % to about 25 weight % of the solution of an oil and a surfactant, wherein said solution of an oil and a surfactant comprises about 0.1 weight % to about 3 weight % of the surfactant in the oil;and wherein the method is a substantially water-free fracking method.

US Pat. No. 10,457,856

METHODS AND MATERIALS FOR TREATING SUBTERRANEAN FORMATIONS USING A THREE-PHASE EMULSION BASED FRACTURING FLUID

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method of forming a water-in-oil-in-water emulsion for hydraulic fracturing of a formation, comprising:combining a water-in-oil emulsion and an oil-in-water emulsion to form the water-in-oil-in-water emulsion;
wherein the water-in-oil emulsion comprises:
an internal phase comprising water, a breaker, and an ester;
an external phase comprising a hydrocarbon; and
a hydrophobic emulsifier;
wherein the oil-in-water emulsion comprises:
an internal phase comprising the water-in-oil emulsion;
an external phase comprising water, a fracturing fluid, and a proppant;
a hydrophilic emulsifier; and
a plurality of polylactate particles, such that the water-in-oil-in-water emulsion is a solid-stabilized emulsion.

US Pat. No. 10,457,855

METHOD FOR MAKING A DRILLING FLUID COMPOSITION AND FRACTURING A SUBTERRANEAN FORMATION

King Fahd University of P...

1. A method of making a drilling fluid composition and fracturing a subterranean formation, comprising:suspending micronized barite particles in water to form the drilling fluid composition,
injecting the drilling fluid composition into the subterranean formation through a wellbore to fracture the subterranean formation and form fissures in the subterranean formation, wherein the micronized barite particles have a particle size in the range of 1 to 5 ?m;
wherein the drilling fluid composition further comprises a viscosifier; and
wherein the micronized barite particles are present in the drilling fluid composition at a concentration in the range of 1 wt % to 50 wt %, relative to the total weight of the drilling fluid composition.

US Pat. No. 10,457,853

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR FACILITATING SUBTERRANEAN HYDROCARBON EXTRACTION UTILIZING ELECTROCHEMICAL REACTIONS WITH METALS

ARIZONA BOARD OF REGENTS ...

1. A method to facilitate extraction of subterranean hydrocarbons from a geologic structure, the method comprising:injecting a first fluid composition comprising a base metal into a first wellbore that extends into the geologic structure;
injecting a second fluid composition comprising an activating additive into the wellbore;
injecting a third fluid composition comprising a deactivating additive into a wellbore;
wherein corrosion of the base metal in the wellbore results in electrochemical oxidation of the base metal and electrochemical reduction of a reducible species that generates a gaseous product in sufficient quantities to increase the subterranean pressure in at least a portion of the wellbore and thereby fracture the geologic formation; and
wherein the activating additive activates a corrosion process resulting in electrochemical oxidation of the base metal and electrochemical reduction of a reducible species; and
wherein the deactivating additive deactivates the corrosion process such that the rate of electrochemical oxidation of the base metal and electrochemical reduction of a reducible species is decreased.

US Pat. No. 10,457,851

POLYMER FLOODING PROCESSES FOR VISCOUS OIL RECOVERY IN CARBONATE RESERVOIRS

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method of recovering an oil from a carbonate reservoir formation, the method comprising the steps of:injecting a smart water/polymer slug into the carbonate reservoir formation,
wherein the smart water/polymer slug comprises a smart water and a polymer, wherein the smart water comprises a total dissolved solids of between 5,000 ppm and 7,000 ppm, wherein the total dissolved solids comprises salts, where the salts comprise a combination of sulfate, calcium, and magnesium ions, wherein the smart water comprises 300 ppm or less of divalent cations, wherein the smart water comprises 400 ppm or greater sulfates;
allowing the smart water/polymer slug to alter the wettability of the carbonate reservoir formation; and
injecting a seawater chase, wherein the seawater chase is operable to recover the oil from the carbonate reservoir formation.

US Pat. No. 10,457,849

METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SCALE FORMATION

STATOIL PETROLEUM AS, St...

1. A method of controlling scale formation in a hydrocarbon producing system, comprising:(i) injecting nanoparticles via a production well into said system to function as nuclei for scale growth, wherein said nanoparticles are nanoparticles comprising carbon functionalized with a polar group;
(ii) growing scale on said nanoparticles by attracting scaling ions to the polar group on the nanoparticle surface to produce nanoparticles comprising scale;
(iii) recovering production fluids comprising nanoparticles comprising scale;
(iv) washing said nanoparticles comprising scale with a scale dissolver to remove said scale; and
(v) reinjecting the descaled nanoparticles via said production well into said hydrocarbon producing system.

US Pat. No. 10,457,847

INVERT EMULSION DRILLING FLUIDS WITH FATTY ACID AND FATTY AMINE RHEOLOGY MODIFIERS

SAUDI ARABIAN OIL COMPANY...

1. A method of drilling a wellbore with an invert emulsion fluid, comprising:drilling in a formation using an invert emulsion fluid, wherein the fluid includes a water in oil emulsion;
an invert emulsifier to stabilize the water in oil emulsion in an amount operable to stabilize the water in oil emulsion;
a fatty acid mixture of C16 and C18 saturated linear alpha carboxylic acids;
a 36 carbon fatty dimer diamine;
a filtration control agent; and
an inorganic mineral including one or more of lime, calcium chloride, and barite.

US Pat. No. 10,457,846

DATE PALM SEED-BASED LOST CIRCULATION MATERIAL (LCM)

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method to control lost circulation in a lost circulation zone in a wellbore, comprising:introducing an altered drilling fluid into the well bore such that the altered drilling fluid contacts the lost circulation zone and reduces a rate of lost circulation into the lost circulation zone, where the altered drilling fluid comprises a drilling fluid and a lost circulation material (LCM), and where the LCM consists of a plurality of untreated particles consisting essentially of ground date palm seeds.

US Pat. No. 10,457,845

THERMALLY CONDUCTIVE RESIN MOLDED ARTICLE

Bando Chemical Industries...

1. A thermally conductive resin molded article comprising:a resin;
a thermally conductive filler oriented in a thickness direction of the thermally conductive resin molded article; and
an oil component in an amount of 8.0 to 25.8% by volume,
wherein the volumetric filling factor of the thermally conductive filler in the thermally conductive resin molded article is 20 to 80% by volume,
wherein the thermally conductive resin molded article is formed from a resin sheet precursor including the resin and the thermally conductive filler oriented in a surface direction of the resin sheet precursor, the resin sheet precursor being fused while being folded in a direction perpendicular to the surface direction, such that weld lines are formed which are oriented in the thickness direction of the thermally conductive resin molded article.

US Pat. No. 10,457,841

ALLYL ACRYLATE CROSSLINKERS FOR PSAS

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. A crosslinkable composition comprising an allyl-functional (meth)acrylate copolymer and a crosslinking monomer of the formula:whereinR1 is H or CH3,
X1 is —O— or —NR1—,
R* is an arylene group Raryl, and
X2 is a covalent bond, an ether group, an ester group, a urea group or a urethane group.

US Pat. No. 10,457,837

COATING COMPOSITION AND METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY RES...

1. A coating composition, comprising: a polysilsesquioxane polymer modified organic resin represented by Formula (1):
wherein R1 is C3-12 epoxy group, C3-12 acrylate group, C3-12 alkylacryloxy group, C3-12 aminoalkyl group, C3-12 isocyanate-alkyl group, C3-12 alkylcarboxylic acid group, C3-12 alkyl halide group, C3-12 mercaptoalkyl group, C3-12 alkyl group, or C3-12 alkenyl group; R2 is half oxygen(O1/2), hydroxyl group, C1-8 alkyl group, or C1-8 alkoxy group; R3 is halide group, C1-8 alkyl halide group, C1-8 alkoxy group, C1-12 alkyl group, or C5-20 aromatic ring; R4 is hydrogen or C1-8 alkyl group; R5 is a modified or unmodified carbonyl compound moiety; n is a positive integer from 1 to 200; m is a positive integer from 10 to 500, and s is an integer from 0 to 250.

US Pat. No. 10,457,836

POLYSILOXANE FILMS AND METHODS OF MAKING POLYSILOXANE FILMS

MOTOROLA MOBILITY LLC, C...

1. A method of forming a polysiloxane film in a reaction chamber, comprising:polymerizing monomers comprising at least one siloxane monomer having the formula (X1)nSi(R1)4-n, wherein n is 1, 2 or 3; (X1)Si(R1)2OSi(R1)2(X1); (X1)(Si(R1)2O)2Si(R1)2(X1); and [OSi(R1)2]m, wherein m is 3 or 4;
catalyzing the polymerization by a 30-60 W radio frequency plasma; and
swelling the polysiloxane film with a non-volatile diluent selected from the group consisting of alkyl and aryl hydrocarbons having 4-9 carbon atoms,
wherein the pressure in the reaction chamber during the polymerization is 100-400 mTorr, X1 is Cl or OR2, R2 is alkyl, each R1 is independently selected from the group consisting of amino, hydroxyl, mercapto, alkoxy, alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl and heteroaryl, the polysiloxane film contains Si—O bonds and forms contoured regions on a surface coated with the polysiloxane film that have a width from 0.1 to 3.0 microns and a length that is at least five times greater than the width, and the polysiloxane film has a thickness of 0.3 to 1.5 microns.

US Pat. No. 10,457,833

MATERIALS CONTAINING FLUOROPOLYMERS FOR ADDITIVE MANUFACTURING APPLICATIONS

STRATASYS, INC., Eden Pr...

1. A feedstock for making a three dimensional part using an additive manufacturing technique, the feedstock comprising one or more thermoplastic polymer selected from the group consisting of ABS, polyetherimide (PEI), polyamides, polyesters, polyether ketones, and combinations thereof and a processing aid comprising at least one fluorinated polymer selected from the group consisting of polyvinylidenedifluoride (PVDF), polyvinylidenedifluoride-co-Hexafluoropropylene (PVDF-HFP), fluorinated ethylene-propylene (FEP), perfluoroalkoxy polymer (PFA), ethylene-tretrafluoroethylene (ETFE), ethylene-chlorotrifluoroethylene copolymer (ECTFE), polychlorotrifluoroethylene (PCTFE), polyvinyl fluoride (PVF), amorphous fluoropolymers (AF), their copolymers, or a combination thereof, wherein the amount of the fluorinated polymer in the material is between at least about 0.01% by weight of the thermoplastic polymer and about 1% by weight of the thermoplastic polymer, wherein the feedstock that has a density that is higher than a same thermoplastic polymer without the fluorinated polymer, wherein the feedstock is configured to be loaded into an additive manufacturing system and formed into the part in a layer-wise manner wherein the fluorinated polymer increases a z-strength of the part in a z direction relative to the part printed without the fluorinated polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,457,832

SURFACE-TREATED METAL SHEET AND ORGANIC RESIN-COVERED SURFACE-TREATED METAL SHEET

TOYO SEIKAN GROUP HOLDING...

1. A surface-treated metal sheet comprising a metal sheet, a surface-treatment coating that contains a polycarboxylic acid type polymer and a zirconium compound and that is formed on at least one surface of said metal sheet, and a coating that contains a polyester resin, a phenol resin and an acid catalyst and that is formed on said surface-treatment coating,said polycarboxylic acid type polymer is a polymer or a copolymer obtained by polymerization of at least one kind of polymerizable monomer selected from acrylic acid, methacrylic acid, itaconic acid and maleic acid, or is a mixture thereof, and
the content of said polycarboxylic acid type polymer in said surface-treatment coating is not less than 50% by mass relative to the total solid component in the surface-treatment coating.

US Pat. No. 10,457,831

OXIDATIVELY CURABLE COATING COMPOSITION

CATEXEL LIMITED, Longdon...

1. A formulation comprising an oxidatively curable alkyd-based resin and a complex, said complex comprising a manganese or iron ion and a chelant of the formula (I):
wherein:
each of —R1, —R2, —R3 and —R4 independently represents —H, —C1-24alkyl, —C6-10aryl or a group comprising a heteroatom capable of coordinating to a metal ion;
Q represents methylene or ethylene, in which one or more hydrogen atoms may be optionally independently replaced with a C1-24 alkyl group or a C6-10 aryl; and
Q? represents ethylene or n-propylene, in which one or more hydrogen atoms may be optionally independently replaced with a C1-24 alkyl group or a C6-10 aryl.

US Pat. No. 10,457,828

LAMINATE AND GAS BARRIER FILM

TOPPAN PRINTING CO., LTD....

1. A laminate comprising:a base with an undercoat layer;
an atomic layer deposition film that covers at least a portion of the undercoat layer and has a film thickness of about 3 nm to about 500 nm; and
an overcoat layer that covers the atomic layer deposition film,
wherein the base comprises polyethylene terephthalate (PET) having a thickness of about 100 ?m;
the undercoat layer comprises polymethacrylate ester having a thickness of about 0.34 ?m;
wherein a relationship of 2.5 ta?toc?50 ta is met, where to denotes the thickness of the atomic layer deposition film and toc denotes a thickness of the overcoat layer,
wherein the thickness of the overcoat layer is less than a thickness of the undercoat layer, and
wherein the atomic layer deposition film comprises Al2O3, wherein the overcoat layer is formed from an aqueous solution containing water soluble macromolecules and an alkoxide metal using a wet-coating technique.

US Pat. No. 10,457,823

AQUEOUS INK COMPOSITION, INK SET, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, AND RESIN MICROPARTICLES

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. An aqueous ink composition at least comprising:an aqueous medium; and
resin microparticles composed of a resin,
wherein the resin has a structural unit represented by General Formula (1) or (2), and
the content of the resin microparticles in the aqueous ink composition is 1% to 15% by mass,

in General Formula (1), R1 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms;
A1 represents —O— or —NR3—;
R3 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms;
L1 represents an alkylene group having 6 to 22 carbon atoms; and
M1 represents a hydrogen atom, an alkali metal ion, or an ammonium ion, and
in General Formula (2), R2 has the same meaning as R1;
A2 represents a single bond, —COO—, or —CONH—;
L2 represents a divalent linking group having 6 to 23 carbon atoms; and
M2 has the same meaning as M1.

US Pat. No. 10,457,821

AQUEOUS INKJET INK, INKJET RECORDING METHOD, AND INKJET RECORDING DEVICE

ROLAND DG CORPORATION, S...

1. An aqueous inkjet ink comprising:water;
a coloring material;
a water-soluble organic solvent component;
a surfactant; and
resin microparticles; wherein
the water-soluble organic solvent component includes a first monool solvent represented by R1O(CH2CH2O)mH in which R1 represents a straight or branched alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and m represents an integer of 2 or 3; a second monool solvent represented by R2O(C3H6O)nH in which R2 represents a straight or branched alkyl group having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and n represents an integer of 2 or 3; and a third monool solvent selected from the group consisting of 3-methoxy-1-butanol and 3-methoxy-3-methyl-1-butanol;
the content of the third monool solvent in the ink is about 8% by mass or greater and about 27% by mass or less;
the content of the first monool solvent in the ink is about 0.5% by mass or greater and about 9% by mass or less;
the content of the second monool solvent in the ink is about 0.5% by mass or greater and about 9% by mass or less; and
the content of the water-soluble organic solvent component in the ink is about 15% by mass or greater and about 42% by mass or less.

US Pat. No. 10,457,817

2-MERCAPTOBENZIMIDAZOLE DERIVATIVES AS CORROSION INHIBITORS

Ecolab USA Inc., St. Pau...

1. A method for preventing metal corrosion, the method comprising contacting an effective amount of an anticorrosion composition with a hydrocarbon-containing liquid, the hydrocarbon-containing liquid being in contact with a metal, the anticorrosion composition comprising a solvent and a compound of Formulae I or II:
wherein
R1 and R2 are independently substituted alkyl or unsubstituted alkyl;
R3 is hydrogen, substituted alkyl, or unsubstituted alkyl;
R4 is substituted alkyl, unsubstituted alkyl, substituted aryl, or unsubstituted aryl;
R5 is hydrogen, substituted alkyl, or unsubstituted alkyl; and
R6 is hydrogen, substituted alkyl, unsubstituted alkyl, or —S-heterocyclo.

US Pat. No. 10,457,813

FORMULATIONS COMPRISING HYDRIDOSILANES AND HYDRIDOSILANE OLIGOMERS, THEIR PROCESS OF MANUFACTURE AND THEIR USE

EVONIK DEGUSSA GMBH, Ess...

1. A formulation, comprising:at least one hydridosilane and at least one hydridosilane oligomer,
wherein the at least one hydridosilane has the formula SinH2n+2 with n =3-6, and
wherein a proportion of the at least one hydridosilane is 0.1 to 60% by weight and a proportion of the at least one hydridosilane oligomer is from 40 to 99.9% by weight, each based on the total mass of the at least one hydridosilane and the at least one hydridosilane oligomer present in the formulation,
wherein said at least one hydridosilane oligomer has a weight-average molecular weight of 200 g/mol to 10,000 g/mol.

US Pat. No. 10,457,810

DENSIFIED BIOMASS PRODUCTS CONTAINING PRETREATED BIOMASS FIBERS

BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF MICH...

1. A product consisting essentially of:at least one densified biomass particulate having a substantially smooth, non-flakey outer surface and containing no added binder, wherein said densified biomass particulate is comprised of a plurality of pretreated lignin-coated plant biomass fibers, wherein said particulate contains only inherent binders present in said plant biomass fibers, and a trace amount of ammonia from a liquid ammonia fiber expansion (AFEX) pretreatment, a gaseous AFEX pretreatment or an extractive AFEX pretreatment of said plant biomass fibers.

US Pat. No. 10,457,807

COMPOSITE RESIN MATERIAL, DIELECTRIC FILM, AND FILM CAPACITOR AND COMBINATION TYPE CAPACITOR EMPLOYING SAME, INVERTER, AND ELECTRIC VEHICLE

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A composite resin material, comprising:a first organic resin having a phenylene ether structure; and
a second organic resin having a main skeleton composed of a polyester structure and containing an alkoxy group,
one of the first organic resin and the second organic resin forming a continuous phase,
the other one thereof being present within the continuous phase, as organic resin particles having an average particle diameter of 1 ?m or less.

US Pat. No. 10,457,804

SANDWICH AND METHOD FOR FORMING

Arlington Valley Farms LL...

1. A multi-layered sandwich product for preparation in a microwave oven comprising:a yeast-leavened dough sandwich insert comprising a proofed and baked yeast-leavened dough and a filling, the yeast-leavened dough completely envelopes the filling, the yeast-leavened dough prior to being proofed and baked comprising from about 21 wt % to about 57 wt % water, from about 27 wt % to about 68 wt % flour, from about 1 wt % to about 3 wt % yeast, from about 2 wt % to about 8 wt % eggs, and from about 2 wt % to about 5 wt % of gluten, in which a wt % of yeast to flour is from about 3% to about 6%, the amount of yeast and gluten sufficient to develop a strong gluten structure such that the a yeast-leavened dough sandwich insert accumulates carbon dioxide bubbles, said yeast-leavened dough layer providing support to said food product to facilitate in eating said food product as a sandwich; and
a baked chemically-leavened batter layer that completely envelopes said yeast-leavened dough sandwich insert, the chemically-leavened batter layer prior to being baked is a pourable batter comprising from about 29 wt % to about 68 wt % water, from about 15 wt % to about 40 wt % flour, from about 1 wt % to about 4 wt % of a chemical leavening agent, and from about 7 wt % to about 20 wt % eggs, in which a wt % of the chemical leavening agent to flour is from about 4% to about 8%, said chemically-leavened batter layer forming a soft cake or quick bread-like layer over said yeast-leavened dough layer;
wherein the proofed and baked yeast-leaved dough is disposed between the filling and the baked chemically-leavened batter layer, the proofed and baked yeast-leaved dough has a less coarse texture than the baked chemically-leavened batter layer, and the multi-layered sandwich product has a first molded configuration and the yeast-leavened dough sandwich insert has a second molded configuration, the multi-layered sandwich product having a crispy exterior without a chewy or tough consistency after microwave cooking, and
wherein said chemically-leavened batter layer has a different ingredient composition from said yeast-leavened dough, said filling has a different composition from said chemically-leavened batter layer and said yeast-leavened dough, and,
wherein said proofed and baked yeast-leavened dough has been proofed and baked prior to said chemically-leavened batter layer enveloping said yeast-leavened dough sandwich insert.

US Pat. No. 10,457,803

ORTHOPEDIC IMPLANTS HAVING GRADIENT POLYMER ALLOYS

Hyalex Orthopaedics, Inc....

1. An orthopedic implant comprising:a water swellable IPN or semi-IPN member having a bearing surface and an attachment zone, the water swellable IPN or semi-IPN member comprising a hydrophobic thermoset or thermoplastic polymer first network and an ionic polymer second network configured to exhibit a compositional gradient between the bearing surface and the attachment zone, wherein the hydrophobic thermoset or thermoplastic polymer is a phase-separated polymer comprising first domains of hard segments and second domains of soft segments and wherein the attachment zone is configured to attach to bone and comprises the hydrophobic first network and not the ionic polymer second network.

US Pat. No. 10,457,801

PROCESS FOR PRODUCING POLYMER COMPOSITIONS

ExxonMobil Chemical Paten...

1. A polymerization process comprising: copolymerizing a plurality of monomers comprising (i) a first C2-C20 ?-olefin monomer; (ii) a second C2-C20 ?-olefin monomer different from the first, and optionally; and (iii) one or more dienes in the presence of a vinyl-terminated polymer-forming (VTP) catalyst system and a high molecular weight polymer-forming (HMP) catalyst system, thereby forming a copolymer composition comprising one or more copolymers;wherein:
(a) the HMP catalyst system comprises a HMP catalyst compound and a first activator;
(b) the VTP catalyst system comprises a VTP catalyst compound and a second activator; and
(c) the VTP catalyst compound has the structural formula:
where: (1) J is a divalent bridging group comprising C, Si, or both; (2) M is Hf; (3) each X is independently a univalent anionic ligand, or two Xs are joined and bound to the metal atom to form a metallocycle ring, or two Xs are joined to form a chelating ligand, a diene ligand, or an alkylidene ligand; and (4) each R3 is hydrogen; (5) each R4 is independently a C1-C10 alkyl; (6) each R2 and R7 is independently hydrogen, or C1-C10 alkyl, (7) each R5 and R6 is independently hydrogen, C1-C50 substituted or unsubstituted hydrocarbyl, or C1 -C50 substituted or unsubstituted halocarbyl; and (8) R4 and R5, R5 and R6, and or R6 and R7 may optionally be bonded together to form a ring structure.

US Pat. No. 10,457,793

TIRE COMPRISING A COMPOSITION COMPRISING A POLYFUNCTIONAL ACRYLATE DERIVATIVE AND A PEROXIDE

COMPAGNIE GENERALE DES ET...

1. A tire comprising a rubber composition based on at least one diene elastomer, a reinforcing filler, a peroxide, and a polyfunctional acrylate derivative of formula (Ia) or (Ib):
in which R1, R2 and R3 independently represent a hydrogen atom or a C1-C7 hydrocarbon group selected from the group consisting of linear, branched or cyclic alkyls, aralkyl groups, alkylaryl groups and aryl groups and optionally interrupted by one or more heteroatoms, it being possible for R2 and R3 to together form a nonaromatic ring, n represents an integer having the value 1, 2 or 3 and, in the case of a polyfunctional acrylate derivative of formula (Ia), R4 represents a radical selected from the group consisting of a hydrogen atom, a methyl group, an ethyl group, a propyl group or an isopropyl group,
wherein the contents of polyfunctional acrylate derivative and of peroxide are such that the ratio of the content of polyfunctional acrylate derivative to the content of peroxide is greater than or equal to 6.

US Pat. No. 10,457,792

POLARIZING PLATE PROTECTIVE FILM, POLARIZING PLATE, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A polarizing plate protective film comprising: a compound represented by the following General Formula (I),(X-L?nZ  General Formula (I)
in General Formula (I), X represents a formyl group, and a group represented by the following General Formula (I-B) or a group represented by the following General Formula (I-C), L represents a single bond or divalent linking group, and n represents an integer equal to or greater than 2; when n is 2, Z represents a single bond or a divalent group, and when n is equal to or greater than 3, Z represents an n-valent group where a plurality of -L-X's may be the same as each other or different from each other; however, among a plurality of X's, the number of the group represented by General Formula (I-B) and the group represented by the General Formula (I-C) is respectively 0 or 1, and when n is 2, both of L and Z may not be a single bond,

in General Formulae (I-B) and (I-C), RA and RB each independently represent an alkyl group, a cycloalkyl group, an aryl group, or an acyl group where, RA and RB may be bonded to each other to form a ring; and * represents a bond to be bonded to L.

US Pat. No. 10,457,790

METHOD OF MANUFACTURING POLISHING PAD

KPX CHEMICAL CO., LTD., ...

1. A method of manufacturing a polishing pad, the method comprising:(a) producing an urethane prepolymer having a viscosity of 20,000 cps (at 25° C.) to 40,000 cps (at 25° C.) by mixing a plurality of polymer molecules, wherein the plurality of polymer molecules comprises a polymer having four or more hydroxyl groups, and an amount of the polymer having four or more hydroxyl groups ranges from 1% to 30% based on a total weight of the urethane prepolymer;
(b) mixing the urethane prepolymer produced at the producing step (a) with an inert gas and a low-boiling blowing agent having a boiling point of 60° C. to 150° C.; and
(c) manufacturing a polishing layer including porous pores by causing a mixture produced at the mixing step (b) to be subjected to gelation and curing in a predetermined cast,
wherein, the mixing step (b) includes causing an average size of pores produced by mixing the inert gas of 5% to 30% and the low-boiling blowing agent of 0.1% to 10% of a total volume of a mixture produced at the mixing step (b) with the urethane prepolymer produced at the producing step (a) to be 31 ?m or smaller.

US Pat. No. 10,457,789

EXTRUSION OF POLYPROPYLENES WITH ORGANIC PEROXIDES

ExxonMobil Chemical Paten...

1. A process to form a polypropylene composition comprising:combining at a temperature within a range from 190° C. to 320° C. a polypropylene resin and within the range from 0.01 wt % to 3 wt % of at least one organic peroxide by weight of the ingredients, and within a range from 100 to 4000 ppm each of phosphorous- and hindered phenol antioxidants, and isolating a polypropylene composition;
the polypropylene resin comprising at least 50 mol % propylene, and having a molecular weight distribution (Mw/Mn) greater than 6, an Mz/Mw value of less than 3.6, a branching index (g?) of at least 0.97, and a melt strength greater than 10 cN determined using an extensional rheometer at 190° C.

US Pat. No. 10,457,784

REINFORCING MECHANICAL, THERMICAL AND ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF THERMOPLASTIC POLYMER WITH NANO PARTICLES

SIEMENS INDUSTRY, INC., ...

1. A method of reinforcing a material with another material, the method comprising:mixing homogenously a thermoplastic polymer material with a nano particles material in a hot process to reinforce the thermoplastic polymer material with the nano particles material; and
forming a nanocomposite material by insertion of nano particles of the nano particles material into thermoplastic polymer of the thermoplastic polymer material,
wherein the nano particles material having a mechanical wear property, a dielectric property and a thermal property of fire retardant.

US Pat. No. 10,457,781

POLYMERIZED IN-SITU HYBRID SOLID ION-CONDUCTIVE COMPOSITIONS

Blue Current, Inc., Hayw...

1. A composition comprising:a solid organic phase comprising a solid cross-linked polymer matrix, wherein the solid organic phase has substantially no added salts and is not ionically conductive; and
ionically conductive inorganic particles in the organic phase,
wherein the ionically conductive inorganic particles are lithium-containing inorganic particles or sodium-containing inorganic particles, wherein the composition has an ionic conductivity of at least 10?4 S/cm at room temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,457,780

HYGROMORPHIC POLYMERS AND COPOLYMERS HAVING HUMIDITY-DRIVEN MOTILITY

United States of America ...

1. A polymer comprising:a diamine portion derived from an aryl diamine monomer comprising a sulfone moiety and having a general chemical formula:

wherein W is selected from the group consisting of O, NH, and NR1;
wherein R1 and R2 are independently selected from the group consisting of substituted or unsubstituted C1-C7 alkyl groups and unsubstituted phenyl groups;
and wherein the polymer is selected from the group consisting of a polyamide, a polyimide, and a poly(amide-imide).

US Pat. No. 10,457,779

TETRACARBOXYLIC ACID DIESTER COMPOUND, POLYIMIDE PRECURSOR POLYMER AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, NEGATIVE PHOTOSENSITIVE RESIN COMPOSITION, POSITIVE PHOTOSENSITIVE RESIN COMPOSITION, PATTERNING PROCESS, AND METHOD FOR FORMING CURED FILM

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

4. The polyimide precursor polymer according to claim 3, further comprising a structural unit shown by the following general formula (7),
wherein X2 has the same meaning as above; X3 represents a tetravalent organic group that is the same as or different from X1; and R2 and R3 independently represent a hydrogen atom, a linear, branched, or cyclic alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, or an organic group shown by the following general formula (8), provided that at least one of R2 and R3 is an organic group shown by the general formula (8),

wherein the dotted line represents a bond; R4 represents a hydrogen atom or an organic group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms; R5 and R6 independently represent a hydrogen atom or an organic group having 1 to 3 carbon atoms; and “m” represents an integer of 2 to 10.

US Pat. No. 10,457,778

METHODS OF MANUFACTURE OF POLYETHERIMIDES

SABIC GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES...

1. A method for the manufacture of a polyetherimide composition, the method comprisingcontacting a substituted phthalic anhydride and an organic diamine in the presence of sulfolane or a combination comprising sulfolane and diphenyl sulfone at a temperature of greater than 130° C.,
wherein the substituted phthalic anhydride has a formula
andthe organic diamine has a formula
H2N—R—NH2 to provide a bis(phthalimide) composition comprising sulfolane or a combination comprising sulfolane and diphenyl sulfone and a bis(phthalimide) of the formulaandpolymerizing the bis(phthalimide) and an alkali metal salt of a dihydroxy aromatic compound of the formula
MO—Z—OMin the presence of sulfolane or a combination comprising sulfolane and diphenyl sulfone to form a polyetherimide of the formulawherein in the foregoing formulaeX is fluoro, chloro, bromo, iodo, nitro, or a combination comprising at least one of the foregoing;
R is an aromatic hydrocarbon group having 6 to 27 carbon atoms, a halogenated derivative thereof, a straight or branched chain alkylene group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms, a halogenated derivative thereof, a cycloalkylene group having 3 to 20 carbon atoms, a halogenated derivative thereof, —(C6H10)z— wherein z is an integer from 1 to 4, an aromatic hydrocarbyl moiety having from 1 to 6 aromatic groups, and a divalent group of the formula

wherein Q1 is —O—, —S—, —C(O)—, —SO2—, —SO—, —CyH2y— wherein y is an integer from 1 to 5, or a combination comprising at least one of the foregoing;
M is an alkali metal;
Z is an aromatic C6-24 monocyclic or polycyclic moiety optionally substituted with 1 to 6 C1-8 alkyl groups, 1 to 8 halogen atoms, or a combination comprising at least one of the foregoing; and
n is an integer greater than 1,
wherein the polymerization is conducted in the absence of a polymerization catalyst.

US Pat. No. 10,457,775

METHOD FOR PRODUCING HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT POLYOXYALKYLENE POLYOLS

Covestro Deutschland AG, ...

1. A process for preparing a polyoxyalkylene polyol comprising reacting at least one H-functional starter compound with at least one alkylene oxide in the presence of a double metal cyanide catalyst in a reactor, by supplying the reactor continuously or discontinuously with the at least one alkylene oxide from a time t1 until a time t3, and by previously commencing supply of the reactor with a portion of the total amount of the at least one alkylene oxide to be fed in for preparation of the desired polyoxyalkylene polyol from an earlier time towherein
from a time t2 the mean metering rate rAO with which the at least one alkylene oxide is supplied to the reactor is not more than 42 h?1,
in which t3?t2?t1, and
wherein?t: represents a period of time from t2 until the time of ending of the alkylene oxide addition (t3) in h,
nAO: represents the molar amount n of alkylene oxide in mol added in total over the period of time ?t,
nOH: represents the total molar amount n of hydroxyl groups in the starter compound used in mol,

OHNS: represents the hydroxyl number of the at least one starter compound in mg KOH/g,
mS: represents the total mass of the at least one starter compound used in g,
mR: represents the total mass of all reactants supplied to the reactor after ending of the alkylene oxide addition in g,where the time t2 is chosen such that the polyoxyalkylene polyol present in the reactor at this time has a calculated equivalent molar mass M(t2)equiv.calc. in the range from 8000 g·mol?1 to 9500 g·mol?1,where, in addition, the at least one alkylene oxide from the time t1 andat least until the time corresponding to the attainment of a calculated equivalent molar mass M(t)equiv.calc. of 8000 g·mol?1 and
at most until the time corresponding to the attainment of a calculated equivalent molar mass M(t)equiv.calc. of 9500 g·mol?1 is supplied to the reactor so as to attain a total alkylene oxide metering time, defined as the period of time ?t30=t3?t0, of 0.5 h to 13 h,wherein whichmRt: represents the total mass of all reactants supplied to the reactor up to a given time t in g.

US Pat. No. 10,457,774

POLYMERIC MATERIALS

Victrex Manufacturing Lim...

1. An assembly or apparatus for use in relation to an assembly, wherein said assembly is subjected to a temperature of less than ?100° C. in use, wherein said assembly or apparatus includes a component which comprises a polymeric material (A) having a repeat unit of formula
wherein said polymeric material (A) includes at least 80 mol % of repeat units of formula II; and
wherein said polymeric material (A) has a melt viscosity of at least 0.50 kNsm?2.

US Pat. No. 10,457,772

PREPARATION OF ROBUST POLYTHIOAMINAL CARRIERS

International Business Ma...

1. A method, comprising:forming a polythioaminal block copolymer by polymerizing a reaction mixture including a hexahydrotriazine, a hydrophobic block precursor, a hydrophilic block precursor, and a particle stabilizing segment precursor.

US Pat. No. 10,457,770

SURFACTANTS FOR POLYURETHANE FOAMS

Dow Global Technologies, ...

1. A surfactant having the formula:
where a is an integer from 1 to 10, b is an integer from 0 to 10, R1 is —CH3 or —H, n is an integer from 1 to 20, and R2 is a moiety selected from the group consisting of:
where m is an integer from 0 to 4.

US Pat. No. 10,457,769

NITROGEN-CONTAINING COMPOUNDS SUITABLE FOR USE IN THE PRODUCTION OF POLYURETHANES

Evonik Degussa GmbH, Ess...

1. A process for making a polyisocyanate polyaddition product comprising mixing(1) from 20 wt % to 95% wt %, the wt % based on the weight of the polyisocyanate polyaddition product, of a nitrogenous compound and/or corresponding quaternized and/or protonated compound and a polyol component with an isocyanate component and a blowing agent and reacting this composition, wherein this nitrogenous compound conforms to formula (III)
wherein the compound of formula (III) by Williamson's ether is synthesised by reacting 2-chloro-methyl ether with an excess of at least two equivalents of pyrrolidine and;(2) from 0.1 wt % to <30 wt % based on the weight of the polyisocyanate polyaddition product of ingredients including,
a) 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)pyrrolidine,
b) 2-(2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)ethoxy)ethanol, and
c) 1-(2-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)propoxy)propan-2-ol.

US Pat. No. 10,457,765

METALLIC COMPLEX CATALYST, POLYMERIZATION METHODS EMPLOYING SAME AND POLYMER PRODUCTS THEREOF

Bridgestone Corporation, ...

1. A catalyst composition useful for polymerizing mixtures of polyene and ?-olefin mer, said composition comprising a complex defined by the general formula
where
M represents a Group 3 metal atom;
L represents a neutral Lewis base;
z is an integer of from 0 to 3 inclusive;
m is 1 or 2 with the proviso that, when m is 2, the silyl groups are at the 1 and 3 positions of the indenyl ligand;
n is 1 or 2;
each R1 independently is a C1-C20 alkyl group or a —(CH2)R3 group with R3 being a phenyl group optionally substituted with an alkyl group, with the proviso that at least one R1 is —(CH2)R3; and
R2 is an X-type, monoanionic ligand,
wherein, when z is not zero, one L group and one R2 group can join so as to provide, together with the M atom to which each is bonded, a cyclic moiety.

US Pat. No. 10,457,762

DIACRYLATE COMPOUND, COMPOSITION THEREOF, AND CURED PRODUCT THEREOF

MITSUBISHI GAS CHEMICAL C...

1. A di(meth)acrylate compound of formula (1):
wherein
R denotes a hydrogen atom or a methyl group; and
R1, R2, R3, and R4 each independently denote a C1-6 linear or branched alkyl group, with the proviso that R1, R2, R3, and R4 are not all methyl groups, and
wherein a combination of an alkyl group denoted as R1 and an alkyl group denoted as R2 is different from a combination of an alkyl group denoted as R3 and an alkyl group denoted as R4.

US Pat. No. 10,457,761

POLYMER, RESIST COMPOSITION, AND PATTERN FORMING PROCESS

SHIN-ETSU CHEMICAL CO., L...

4. The method of claim 1 wherein the illumination is provided by an LED lamp or organic EL lamp.

US Pat. No. 10,457,758

SUPPORTED ZIEGLER NATTA PROCATALYST FOR ETHYLENE POLYMERISATION

BOREALIS AG, Vienna (AT)...

1. Supported Ziegler-Natta procatalyst for ethylene polymerisation, comprising:(i) a procatalyst that includes
a) a Group 1 to 3 metal of the periodic table, in the range of 6.5 to 18 wt. %,
b) a Group 13 or 14 metal of the periodic table, in the range of 0.3 to 3.5 wt. %,
c) an internal donor selected from bi-(oxygen containing ring)
compounds of formula (I):

X is C or Si,
each R1 is the same or different and is hydrogen, a linear or branched C1 to C8-alkyl group, or a C3-alkylene group,
and each R2 to R5 are the same or different and are hydrogen,
a linear or branched C1 to C8-alkyl, or a C3-C8-alkylene group,
whereby two or more of R1 to R5 optionally form a ring,
n is the same for both oxygen-containing rings and is 1 or 2,
whereby the two oxygen-containing rings are individually saturated or unsaturated,
or an isomer mixture therefrom, and
d) a Group 4 to 6 metal of the periodic table, in the range of 2.0 to 7.0 wt %; and
(ii) an inorganic support.

US Pat. No. 10,457,757

HIGH PRESSURE FREE-RADICAL POLYMERIZATIONS

Dow Global Technologies L...

1. A process to form an ethylene-based polymer comprising, in polymerized form, ethylene and at least one acid comonomer,said process comprising polymerizing a reaction mixture comprising the ethylene and the acid comonomer, in a reactor configuration comprising at least one Secondary compressor, at least one pressurization device, and at least one reactor selected from the following: at least one autoclave reactor, at least one tubular reactor, or a combination thereof; and
wherein the reaction mixture is polymerized in the presence of at least one free-radical initiator, and at a pressure of at least 1000 Bar;
wherein at least a portion of a comonomer composition comprising at least a portion of the acid comonomer used in the polymerization, is compressed, to form a compressed comonomer composition, in the pressurization device, to a discharge pressure ranging from 1000 Bar to 4000 Bar, and at a discharge temperature (DT) from 10° C. to 100° C.; andwherein the compressed comonomer composition bypasses the Secondary compressor, and is fed, downstream from the Secondary compressor, into the reactor, and/or into one or more feed streams to the reactor;wherein the at least one reactor comprises at least two reaction zones, zone 1 and zone i (i?2); and wherein greater than, or equal to, 20 wt % of the compressed comonomer composition is fed to reaction zone 1 and/or greater than 20 wt % of the compressed comonomer composition is fed to reaction zone 2 (i=2).

US Pat. No. 10,457,755

SOLID CATALYST COMPONENT FOR OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION, METHOD FOR PRODUCING THE SAME, OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION CATALYST, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING OLEFIN POLYMER

TOHO TITANIUM CO., LTD., ...

1. A solid catalyst component, comprising magnesium, titanium, a halogen, a carbonate compound (A) represented by formula (1), and an ether compound (B) that comprises two or more ether groups,R1—O—C(?O)—O—Z—O—R2  (1)
wherein R1 and R2 are each independently a hydrocarbon group or a substituted hydrocarbon group comprising 1 to 24 carbon atoms, or a heteroatom-containing group, and Z is a linking group that links two oxygen atoms through a carbon atom or a carbon chain,
wherein the ether compound (B) is a compound represented by formula (3),
R7—O—CH2CR8R9CH2—O—R10  (3)
wherein
R8 and R9 are each independently a hydrogen atom, a halogen atom, an alkyl group comprising 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a vinyl group, an alkenyl group comprising 3 to 12 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group comprising 3 to 12 carbon atoms, a cycloalkenyl group comprising 3 to 12 carbon atoms, an aromatic hydrocarbon group comprising 6 to 12 carbon atoms, a halogen-substituted aromatic hydrocarbon group comprising 6 to 12 carbon atoms, a substituted aromatic hydrocarbon group comprising 7 to 12 carbon atoms, an alkylamino group comprising 1 to 12 carbon atoms, or a dialkylamino group comprising 2 to 12 carbon atoms, and
R7 and R10 are each independently an alkyl group comprising 1 to 12 carbon atoms, a vinyl group, an alkenyl group comprising 3 to 12 carbon atoms, a cycloalkyl group comprising 3 to 6 carbon atoms, an aromatic hydrocarbon group comprising 6 to 12 carbon atoms, a halogen-substituted aromatic hydrocarbon group comprising 6 to 12 carbon atoms, or a substituted aromatic hydrocarbon group comprising 7 to 12 carbon atoms.

US Pat. No. 10,457,754

WATER-BASED RESIN DISPERSION AND COATING MATERIAL

DAI-ICHI KOGYO SEIYAKU CO...

1. An aqueous resin dispersion, obtained by subjecting a polymerizable compound (C) comprising a compound (C1) having a carbon-carbon unsaturated bond to an emulsion polymerization in the presence of a surfactant (A) represented by formula (I) and a surfactant (B) free from a radical-polymerizable substituent:
wherein in formula (I),
R0 represents an alkyl group having a carbon number of from 1 to 4;
R1 represents at least one group selected from R1-1, R1-2, and R1-3, wherein R2 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group;
D represents D-1 or D-2, wherein R3 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group;
m1 represents a number of from 1 to 2;
m2 represents a number of from 1 to 3;
m3 represents a number of 0 or 1;
AO represents an oxyalkylene group having a carbon number of from 2 to 4;
n is an average addition molar number of alkylene oxide and represents a number in a range of from 0 to 1,000; and
X represents a group selected from —(CH2)a—SO3M, —(CH2)b—COOM, —PO3M2, —P(Z)O2M, and —CO—CH2—CH(SO3M)-COOM, wherein a and b each represents a number of from 0 to 4, Z represents a residue obtained by eliminating X from formula (I), and M each represents a hydrogen atom, an alkali metal atom, an alkaline earth metal atom, an alkyl ammonium, an alkanol ammonium, or an ammonium; and
wherein surfactant (B) is a polyoxyalkylene styrenated phenyl ether.

US Pat. No. 10,457,753

ELIMINATION OF POLYMER FOULING IN FLUIDIZED BED GAS-PHASE FINES RECOVERY EDUCTORS

Chevron Phillips Chemical...

1. An eductor comprising:a first tubular body having a hollow interior and comprising
a first inlet and a first outlet spaced apart from the first inlet along a central axis, and
a sidewall circumscribing the central axis and defining a mixing chamber; and
a second tubular body having a hollow interior and comprising a second inlet and a spaced apart second outlet wherein the second tubular body extends into the mixing chamber through the sidewall of the first tubular body between the first inlet and the first outlet,
wherein the second inlet is oriented substantially perpendicular to the axis of the first tubular body,
wherein the second tubular body comprises a first bend of less than 90° from perpendicular toward the first outlet before extending into the mixing chamber, and
wherein the second tubular body comprises a second bend of less than 90° toward the first outlet after extending into the mixing chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,457,707

SUBSTITUTED UREA DEPSIPEPTIDE ANALOGS AS ACTIVATORS OF THE CLPP ENDOPEPTIDASE

1. A compound having a structure represented by a formula:
wherein Y is R80 or NH(L)q-Ar1;
wherein R80 is selected from (C1-C8) alkyl, (C2-C8) alkenyl, (C2-C8) alkynyl, —(C1-C8)alkyl-(C3-C8 cycloalkyl), —(C1-C8)alkyl-(C3-C8 cycloalkenyl), —(C2-C8)alkenyl-(C3-C8 cycloalkyl), and —(C1-C8)alkenyl-(C3-C8 cycloalkenyl);
wherein q is an integer selected from 0 and 1;
wherein L is moiety selected from —CH2—, —(CH2)2—, —CH?CH—, and -(cyclopropyl)-;
wherein each of R1a and R1b is independently selected from hydrogen, halogen, hydroxyl, cyano, and C1-C3 alkyl; or
wherein R1a and R1b are optionally covalently bonded, and together with the intermediate carbon comprise an optionally substituted 3- to 7-membered spirocycloalkyl;
wherein R2 is selected from hydrogen, halogen, —NH2, —OH, —NO2, C1-C3 alkyl, —C1-C3 hydroxyalkyl, —C1-C3 alkylamino, C1-C3 dialkylamino, and C1-C3 aminoalkyl;
or wherein R2 is —(C0-C6)-G;
wherein R3 is selected from C1-C6 alkyl and C1-C6 hydroxyalkyl;
wherein R4 is selected from hydrogen, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 hydroxyalkyl, and C1-C6 alkylamino;
or wherein R4 is —(C0-C6)-G, provided at least one of R2 and R4 is —(C0-C6)-G;
or wherein R3 and R4 are covalently bonded and, together with the intermediate atoms, comprise a 3- to 10-membered heterocycle having 1, 2, or 3 heteroatoms selected from 0, N, and S; and wherein the heterocycle is substituted with 0, 1, 2, or 3 groups independently selected from halogen, —NH2, —OH, —NO2, C1-C3 alkyl, C1-C3 alkoxy, C1-C3 aminoalkyl, C1-C3 alkylamino, C1-C3 dialkylamino, C1-C3 hydroxyalkyl, —(C?O)OR30, —(C?O)NR32aR32b, (C1-C3 alkyl)-(C?O)OR30, —(C1-C3 alkyl)-(C?O)NR32aR32b, and —(C0-C6)-G; provided that the heterocycle is substituted with at least one group that is —(C0-C6)-G when R2 is not —(C0-C6)-G;
wherein R30, when present, is selected from hydrogen and C1-C3 alkyl;
wherein each of R32a and R32b, when present, is independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C3 alkyl;
wherein G has a structure represented by a formula selected from:

wherein each of R5a, R5b, and R5c is independently selected from hydrogen, halogen, difluoromethoxy, and trifluoromethoxy;
wherein each of R70a and R70b is independently selected from hydrogen, methyl, and ethyl;
wherein Ar1 is selected from aryl and heteroaryl; and wherein Ar1 is substituted with 0, 1, 2, or 3 groups independently selected from halogen, —NH2, —OH, —NO2, difluoromethoxy, trifluoromethoxy, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 monohaloalkyl, C1-C6 alkoxy, C1-C6 alkylamino, C1-C6 dialkyl amino, —S(O)nR40, —S(O)nNR41aR41b, —(C?O)NR42aR42b, —NR43(C?O)NR44aR44b, —NR43(C?O)R45, —(C?O)OR46, Ar2, —(C1-C3 alkyl)-S(O)nR40, —(C1-C3 alkyl)-S(O)nNR41aR41b, —(C1-C3 alkyl)-(C?O)NR42aR42b, —(C1-C3 alkyl)-NR43(C?O)NR44aR44b, —NR43(C?O)R45, —(C1-C3 alkyl)-(C?O)OR46, and —(C1-C3 alkyl)-Ar2;
wherein each n is an integer independently selected from 0, 1, and 2;
wherein each occurrence of R40, when present, is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C6 alkyl, phenyl, benzyl, naphthyl, and monocyclic heteroaryl;
wherein each occurrence of R41a and R41b when present, is independently selected from hydrogen, C1-C6 alkyl, phenyl, benzyl, naphthyl, and monocyclic heteroaryl;
wherein each occurrence of R42, when present, is independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C6 alkyl;
wherein each occurrence of R43, when present, is independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C6 alkyl;
wherein each occurrence of R44a and R44b, when present, is independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C6 alkyl;
wherein each occurrence of R45, when present, is independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C6 alkyl;
wherein each occurrence of R46, when present, is independently selected from hydrogen and C1-C6 alkyl;
wherein each Ar2, when present, is independently selected from phenyl, naphthyl, and heteroaryl, and wherein each Ar2 is independently substituted with 0, 1, 2, or 3 groups independently selected from halogen, —NH2, —OH, —CN, C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 monohaloalkyl, C1-C6 polyhaloalkyl, C1-C6 alkoxy, C1-C6 alkylamino, and C1-C6 dialkylamino;
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,457,706

MULTIVALENT LIGAND-LIPID CONSTRUCTS

1. A construct of the structure:
where F is an aminoalkylglycoside, L is a conjugated phosphatidylethanolamide and S is a tetraantennary spacer of the structure:

where m is the integer 1, 2 or 3 and R is of the structure:

where M is a monovalent cation or substituent, n is the integer 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 or 7, and * is the point of attachment of F or L.

US Pat. No. 10,457,703

BILE ACID DERIVATIVES AS FXR/TGR5 AGONISTS AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF

Enanta Pharmaceuticals, I...

1. A compound represented by Formula I or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof:
wherein:
Ra is hydrogen or methyl;
Rb is selected from the group consisting of:
1) C(O)NR10R11;
2) C(O)NHSO2R1;
3) —SO2R1; and
4) —C(O)R1;
R1 is selected from the group consisting of:
1) Halogen;
2) Hydroxyl;
3) Substituted or unsubstituted —C1-C8 alkyl;
4) Substituted or unsubstituted —C2-C8 alkenyl;
5) Substituted or unsubstituted —C2-C8 alkynyl;
6) Substituted or unsubstituted —C3-C8 cycloalkyl;
7) Substituted or unsubstituted aryl;
8) Substituted or unsubstituted arylalkyl;
9) Substituted or unsubstituted heterocycloalkyl;
10) Substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;
11) Substituted or unsubstituted heteroarylalkyl; and
12) —NR10R11;
R2 is hydrogen;
Rc is hydrogen;
m is selected from 0, 1, 2 and 3;
R3 is hydrogen or hydroxyl;
R4 is hydrogen or hydroxyl;
R5 and R6 are independently selected from hydrogen and hydroxyl protecting group;
R7 is selected from the group consisting of:
Hydrogen and substituted or unsubstituted —C1-C8 alkyl;
and
R10 and R11 are each independently selected from hydrogen, substituted or unsubstituted —C1-C8 alkyl, substituted or unsubstituted —C2-C8 alkenyl, substituted or unsubstituted —C2-C8 alkynyl, substituted or unsubstituted —C3-C8 cycloalkyl, or R10 and R11 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached to form a heterocyclic ring.

US Pat. No. 10,457,702

DICAFFEOYL SPERMIDINE CYCLIZED DERIVATIVES AND USE THEREOF

Jinan University, Guangz...

1. A method for treating a neurodegenerative disease, which comprises administering to a subject in need of treatment a therapeutically effective amount of dicaffeoyl spermidine cyclized derivatives with the following structure formula, or pharmaceutically acceptable salts thereof,
wherein,
R1, R2, and R3 are hydroxy, methoxy, or optionally substituted glycosyl, R4—R5— is either —CH?CH or —CH2—CH2—; —R6—R7— is either —CH?CH or —CH2—CH2—,
wherein the optionally substituted glycosyl is optionally substituted with one or more of monosaccharide groups, disaccharide groups or polysaccharide groups, wherein the monosaccharide groups are selected from the group consisting of:
glucosyl, glucuronyl, mannosyl, galactosyl, allosyl, fructosyl, sorbosyl, furanosyl, rhamnosyl, quinovosyl, arabinosyl, lyxosyl, xylosyl, ribosyl;
wherein the disaccharide groups and polysaccharide groups are formed from the monosaccharides.

US Pat. No. 10,457,701

SIALIC ACID ANALOGS

Ultragenyx Pharmaceutical...

1. A compound having structural Formula (Ia):or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt or solvate thereof;wherein:
R1, R2 , and R4 are independently hydrogen or a moiety selected from structural formula (a), (b), (c), (f), and (g):

wherein R3a is optionally substituted alkyl;
R6 is structural formula (f), wherein R3a is optionally substituted C5 -C20 alkyl;
X is oxygen or sulfur;
L1 and L2 are each independently a covalent bond, —O—, or —NR10a—;
R10a is hydrogen or optionally substituted alkyl;
R1a and R2a are each independently hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, optionally substituted heteroalkyl, optionally substituted aryl, optionally substituted heteroaryl, optionally substituted carbocyclyl, optionally substituted heterocyclyl, —Xa—C(O)—O—R11a, or —Xa—O—C(O)—O—R11a;
Xa is optionally substituted alkylene;
each R11a is independently hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, or optionally substituted heteroalkyl;
each R8a and R9a is independently hydrogen or optionally substituted alkyl;
m is 1 or 2; and
Z is hydrogen, lower alkyl, an amide group, a lactam group, an ester group, a lactone group, an urea group, a cyclic urea group, a carbonate group, a cyclic carbonate group, a carbamate group, a cyclic carbamate group, or a moiety selected from (a), (b), (c), and (f).

US Pat. No. 10,457,700

PLATINUM PRODRUGS AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING THEREOF

UNIVERSITY OF GEORGIA RES...

1. A compound of Formula I:
wherein L1 and L2 are each —(CH2)n—, where n is 5-15, and LG1 and LG2 are each Cl, Br, or I.

US Pat. No. 10,457,699

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT MATERIALS AND DEVICES

Universal Display Corpora...

1. A compound having a formula M(LA)n(LB)3-n selected from the group consisting of:
wherein n is 1 or 2;
wherein X2, X3, X4 are independently CH or N;
wherein X5, X6, X7, and X8 are C or N;
wherein RF, RI, and RJ each independently represent mono, di, tri, or tetra-substitution, or no substitution;
wherein R is selected from the group consisting of alkyl, partially or fully deuterated alkyl, cycloalkyl, partially or fully deuterated cycloalkyl, and combinations thereof;
wherein R5, R6, R7, and R8 are independently selected from group consisting of alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, and heteroaryl;
wherein at least one of R5, R6, R7, and R8 has at least two C atoms;
wherein each of RA, RF, RI, RJ, R1, R2, and R3 is independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, halide, alkyl, cycloalkyl, heteroalkyl, arylalkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, amino, silyl, alkenyl, cycloalkenyl, heteroalkenyl, alkynyl, aryl, heteroaryl, acyl, carbonyl, carboxylic acids, ester, nitrile, isonitrile, sulfanyl, sulfinyl, sulfonyl, phosphino, and combinations thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,457,698

CHIRAL REAGENTS FOR PREPARATION OF SUBSTITUTED PHOSPHORODIAMIDATE MORPHOLINO OLIGOMERS

1. A method for preparing an oligomer represented by the formula:
wherein:
Base is selected from the group consisting of:

each Base? is independently selected from the group consisting of:

each R is independently selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
each R1 is independently selected from H, C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl or naphthyl, where the C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl and naphthyl are each optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, cyano, methyl and ethyl;
each R2 is independently selected from H, C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl or naphthyl, where the C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl and naphthyl are each optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, cyano, methyl and ethyl;
each R4 is independently selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
each R5 is independently selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
each R6 is independently selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
each R7 is independently selected from C1-C6 alkyl or aryl, where the aryl is optionally substituted with a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro and methoxy;
each R9 is independently selected from alkyl, acyl, sulfonyl, carbonate, carbamate, benzyl or silyl, wherein the alkyl is optionally substituted with cyano, and further wherein the benzyl is optionally substituted with pivaloyloxy;
each * is independently (R) or (S); and
n is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 or 15;
comprising the following steps:
1) reacting a tert-butyldiphenylsilyl-protected morpholino monomer selected from the group consisting of:

wherein:
R is selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
R7 is selected from C1-C6 alkyl or aryl, where the aryl is optionally substituted with a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro and methoxy; and
TBDPS is tert-butyldiphenylsilyl;
with a phosphoramidochloridate morpholino monomer selected from the group consisting of Formula 20, Formula 21, Formula 22, Formula 23, Formula 24, Formula 25, Formula 26, Formula 27, Formula 28, Formula 29, Formula 30 and Formula 31:

wherein:
R1 is selected from H, C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl or naphthyl, where the C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl and naphthyl are each optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, cyano, methyl and ethyl;
R2 is selected from H, C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl or naphthyl, where the C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl and naphthyl are each optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, cyano, methyl and ethyl;
R3 is selected from diphenylmethyl, triphenylmethyl or benzyl, where the phenyl portion of triphenylmethyl and benzyl is optionally substituted with one or more methoxy substituents;
R4 is selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
R5 is selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
R6 is selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
R7 is selected from C1-C6 alkyl or aryl, where the aryl is optionally substituted with a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro and methoxy; and
R9 is selected from alkyl, acyl, sulfonyl, carbonate, carbamate, benzyl or silyl, wherein the alkyl is optionally substituted with cyano, and further wherein the benzyl is optionally substituted with pivaloyloxy;
in the presence of N-ethyldiisopropylamine, to provide an oligomer of formula (Ia):

wherein:
Base is selected from the group consisting of:

each Base? is independently selected from the group consisting of:

R is selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
R1 is selected from H, C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl or naphthyl, where the C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl and naphthyl are each optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, cyano, methyl and ethyl;
R2 is selected from H, C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl or naphthyl, where the C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl and naphthyl are each optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, cyano, methyl and ethyl;
R3 is selected from diphenylmethyl, triphenylmethyl or benzyl, where the phenyl portion of triphenylmethyl and benzyl is optionally substituted with one or more methoxy substituents;
R4 is selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
R5 is selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
R6 is selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
R7 is selected from C1-C6 alkyl or aryl, where the aryl is optionally substituted with a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro and methoxy;
* is (R) or (S); and
TBDPS is tert-butyldiphenylsilyl;
2) deprotecting the oligomer of formula (Ia) above with acetic acid, to provide an oligomer of formula (Ib):

wherein:
Base is selected from the group consisting of:

Base? is independently selected from the group consisting of:

R is selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
R1 is selected from H, C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl or naphthyl, where the C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl and naphthyl are each optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, cyano, methyl and ethyl;
R2 is selected from H, C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl or naphthyl, where the C1-C3 alkyl, phenyl and naphthyl are each optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro, cyano, methyl and ethyl;
R4 is selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
R5 is selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
R6 is selected from H, C(O)R7 or C(O)OR7;
R7 is selected from C1-C6 alkyl or aryl, where the aryl is optionally substituted with a substituent selected from the group consisting of halogen, nitro and methoxy;
* is (R) or (S); and
TBDPS is tert-butyldiphenylsilyl;
3) repeating step (a) and step (b) below 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 or 14 times:
(a) reacting the resulting oligomer with a phosphoramidochloridate morpholino monomer independently selected each time from the group consisting of Formula 20, Formula 21, Formula 22, Formula 23, Formula 24, Formula 25, Formula 26, Formula 27, Formula 28, Formula 29, Formula 30 and Formula 31 in the presence of N-ethyldiisopropylamine, to provide a N-protected 3-mer, 4-mer, 5-mer, 6-mer, 7-mer, 8-mer, 9-mer, 10-mer, 11-mer, 12-mer, 13-mer, 14-mer, 15-mer or 16-mer represented by the formula:

wherein:
 each * is independently (R) or (S); and
 n is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14 or 15; and
(b) deprotecting the oligomer of step (a) above with acetic acid, to provide an oligomer represented by the formula:

wherein:
 * is independently (R) or (S); and
 n is 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 or 14; and
4) deprotecting the oligomer of step 3) above with sodium hydroxide, to provide the oligomer represented by the formula:

US Pat. No. 10,457,696

CATIONIC SILICON (II) COMPOUNDS AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF

1. A method for producing cationic silicon (II) compounds of general formula I, comprising:(RaSi)+HA?  (I)
reacting the silicon (II) compounds of general formula II
(Rb?H)(RaSi)+  (II)
with a compound A,
where
Ra is a carbon-containing radical, which may additionally comprise heteroatoms, bound to the cationic silicon atom via a covalent bond, ionic bond or via one or more ? bonds with the cationic silicon atom,
(Rb?H) is a p-bonded singly negatively charged radical of general formula III,

Rx are monovalent or polyvalent organic radicals, which may also be bonded to one another to form a fused ring, with the proviso that at least one of the radicals Rx is an organic radical bonded via carbon bearing at least one hydrogen atom, and
A is a compound which, as an electrophile, is capable of accepting electron pairs, wherein said compound has formula MX3 where M is=B, Al or Ga, and where X is a C6-C20 aryl radical substituted by halogen.