US Pat. No. 10,365,673

DIGITALLY CONTROLLED AC PROTECTION AND ATTENUATION CIRCUIT

Dolby Laboratories Licens...

1. A circuit for analog loads receiving a signal, the circuit comprising:a system controller monitoring at least one characteristic of the signal, wherein the at least one characteristic includes a current monitor signal and a voltage monitor signal, and wherein the system controller generates a pulse width modulated signal based on the at least one characteristic of the signal;
a switching stage connected to the signal and controlled by the system controller, wherein the switching stage is operable to attenuate the signal using the pulse width modulated signal from the system controller; and
an isolation stage connected between the system controller and the switching stage, the isolation stage providing electrical isolation between the system controller and the switching stage, thereby allowing the switching stage to electrically float with respect to a common ground reference of the system controller.

US Pat. No. 10,365,672

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR MONITORING TEMPERATURE OF WAFER

TAIWAN SEMICONDUCTOR MANU...

1. A system, comprising:a cooling device configured to detect a temperature of a wafer and to provide air to the wafer;
a memory configured to store computer program codes; and
a processor configured to execute the computer program codes in the memory to determine whether the temperature of the wafer meets a predetermined requirement;
adjust the temperature of the wafer on condition that the temperature does not meet the predetermined requirement; and
control the cooling device to detect the temperature of the wafer again, in order to verify whether an adjusted temperature of the wafer meet the predetermined requirement,
wherein the cooling device comprises:
a fan filter unit configured to provide the air;
a first thermal detector located at a first side of the fan filter unit, wherein the first thermal detector is configured to detect the temperature of the wafer during a movement of the wafer to the first side of the fan filter unit; and
a second thermal detector located at a second side of the fan filter unit, wherein the second thermal detector is configured to detect the adjusted temperature of the wafer during a movement of the wafer from the first side of the fan filter unit to the second side of the fan filter unit, wherein the second side is opposite to the first side with respect to the fan filter unit.

US Pat. No. 10,365,671

SENSOR WINDOW HEATING APPARATUS

AMAZON TECHNOLOGIES, INC....

1. A system comprising:an enclosure located within a refrigerated area and having an interior and an exterior;
a window of the enclosure having a first viewable area and a second viewable area, wherein the window acts as a barrier between the interior and the exterior of the enclosure;
a first camera and a second camera within the enclosure, the first camera proximate to the first viewable area and positioned to receive light in a first field of view that passes through the first viewable area of the window, the second camera proximate to the second viewable area and positioned to receive light in a second field of view that passes through the second viewable area of the window, the window comprising:
a substrate having an interior side and an exterior side, wherein the substrate is transmissive to at least a portion of incident light having a wavelength detectable by the first and second cameras;
arranged on the interior side of the substrate:
a first transparent heater element having a first shape and formed from indium tin oxide, wherein:
the first transparent heater element covers at least a portion of the first viewable area and has a first end and a second end,
the first field of view of the first camera passes through at least a portion of the first transparent heater element, and
the first shape of the first transparent heater element helps maintain a temperature of the first viewable area within a desired range; and
a second transparent heater element, wherein:
the second transparent heater element covers at least a portion of the second viewable area, and
the second field of view of the second camera passes through at least a portion of the second transparent heater element; and
a heater controller electrically connected to the first transparent heater element by a flexible printed circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,365,670

VARIABLE THERMAL RESISTANCE

Massachusetts Institute o...

1. An apparatus for regulating temperature, comprising:a mount configured to accept a device on a surface thereon;
a heatsink; and
a base defining a well therein configured to contain a working fluid and defining a channel disposed in a thermally conductive path between the mount and the heatsink, the channel in liquid communication with the well, the well and channel being sized to enable the working fluid to expand passively from the well into the channel and contract passively from the channel into the well in continuous amounts, the amounts being a function of a temperature of the heatsink.

US Pat. No. 10,365,668

VAPOR CONTROL FOR STORAGE TANK WITH PUMP OFF UNIT

1. A well fluid storage system, comprising:a) a storage tank capable of holding well fluids, the storage tank having a gas cap located above a liquid, the storage tank having a fluid inlet, a liquid outlet and a gas outlet, the storage tank having a gas pressure relief valve that opens when gas pressure inside the storage tank decreases below a vacuum threshold pressure;
b) a pump connected to the liquid outlet;
c) a controller system comprising:
i) a drive coupled to and operating the pump at a variable speed;
ii) a gas pressure sensor in communication with the gas cap in the storage tank;
iii) a controller connected to the gas pressure sensor and the drive, the controller operating the drive to slow the pump speed as the pressure in the gas cap decreases toward the vacuum threshold pressure so as to maintain the gas pressure relief valve in a closed condition.

US Pat. No. 10,365,666

MASS FLOW CONTROLLER

HITACHI METALS, LTD., To...

1. A mass flow controller comprising:a flow control valve configured such that a valve opening of said flow control valve can be changed;
a flow meter configured to measure a flow rate of gas passing through said flow control valve;
a thermometer configured to measure a temperature of said gas; and
a control means configured to output a control signal to said flow control valve to control said valve opening;
said control means is configured to:
obtain an absolute value of a temperature difference, said temperature difference is a difference acquired by subtracting a predetermined reference temperature from a measured temperature, wherein the measured temperature is a temperature of said gas measured by said thermometer;
perform flow rate control in which said control means outputs said control signal to said flow control valve to control said valve opening such that a measured flow rate which is a mass flow rate of said gas measured by said flow meter matches a set flow rate as a target value of a mass flow rate of said gas;
perform signal correction processing in which said control means outputs a corrected control signal to control said valve opening;
adjust said corrected control signal such that an absolute value of a change amount of said valve opening in said flow rate control becomes larger as an absolute value of said temperature difference becomes larger when said measured temperature is higher than a reference temperature; and
adjust said corrected control signal such that the absolute value of the change amount of said valve opening in said flow rate control becomes smaller as the absolute value of said temperature difference becomes larger when said measured temperature is lower than said reference temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,365,665

AUTOMATIC DETECTION SYSTEM FOR DETECTING DISRUPTIONS IN THE FLOW TO A DISPENSING APPARATUS

1. An automatic detection system for detecting disruptions in the liquid flow to a dispensing apparatus, comprising:a valve module;
said valve module having a first liquid inlet port and a first liquid outlet port;
an electrically operated first valve positioned in said valve module;
said first valve having a liquid intake side and a liquid outlet side;
said liquid intake side of said first valve being in fluid communication with said first liquid port of said valve module;
said liquid outlet side of said first valve being in fluid communication with said first liquid outlet port of said valve module;
said first valve being movable between open and closed positions;
a first liquid container having a liquid outlet;
said first liquid container being spaced from said valve module;
said liquid outlet of said first liquid container being in fluid communication with first liquid inlet port of said valve module and said liquid intake side of said first valve;
an alarm module positioned remotely from said valve module;
said alarm module including at least one alarm;
an optical sensor positioned in said alarm module;
said optical sensor having a liquid intake end and a liquid outlet end;
said intake end of said optical sensor being in fluid communication with said first liquid outlet port of said valve module and said liquid outlet side of said first valve;
means spaced from said valve module and said optical sensor for selectively supplying liquid from said first liquid container through said first valve, when said first valve is moved from said closed position to said open position, into said intake end of said optical sensor, through said optical sensor, outwardly through said liquid outlet of said optical sensor, and supplying the liquid to a remote receptacle;
a computer driven controller;
said optical sensor being electrically connected to said computer driven controller;
said computer driven controller controlling the said means for supplying liquid from said first liquid container, said first valve, said optical sensor and said alarm module;
said computer driven controller deactivating said means for supplying liquid when said optical sensor senses a disruption of liquid passing through said optical sensor; and
said computer driven controller activating said at least one alarm when said optical sensor senses a disruption of liquid passing through said optical sensor.

US Pat. No. 10,365,663

TETHER ORIENTATION SENSOR FOR CONTROLLING THE POSITION OF A TETHERED AIRCRAFT

Hoverfly Technologies, In...

1. An unmanned aerial vehicle comprising:a substrate;
a tether sensor mounted on the substrate, the tether sensor determining an orientation of a tether descending from the substrate relative to ground; and
a micro controller, receiving the measured orientation from the tether sensor, and determining an orientation of the tether relative to the substrate, and as a function of the orientation, determining a corrective value and outputting the corrective value to the unmanned aerial vehicle as at least one of a roll output and a pitch output control signal to correct a relative position of the substrate to a position in which the tether is normal to the ground.

US Pat. No. 10,365,662

ANALYZING TELEMATICS DATA TO DETERMINE TRAVEL EVENTS AND CORRECTIVE ACTIONS

State Farm Mutual Automob...

1. A computer-implemented method of using telematics data to provide telematics data-based risk mitigation or prevention functionality, the method comprising:receiving, via a destination computing device associated with a destination vehicle and a destination driver, telematics data that is sampled by one or more sensors that are incorporated as part of an originating computing device, the telematics data including acceleration, braking, speed, cornering, and Global Positioning System (GPS) data associated with the originating vehicle;
determining, via the destination computing device based upon an analysis of the telematics data, a geographic location of a travel event using the Global Positioning System (GPS) data;
identifying, via the destination computing device, a relevance of the travel event by determining, using the telematics data, whether the geographic location of the travel event is located (i) along a current travel route of the destination vehicle, or (ii) within a threshold distance of a current GPS location of the destination computing device; and
when the travel event is relevant, at least one of:
(i) providing, via the destination computing device, a graphical user interface (GUI) to alert the destination driver, the GUI including a display of:
(a) an indication of a description of the travel event, the indication of the description of the travel event including at least one of a text indication of the description or a graphical indication of the description, and
(b) an indication of the geographic location of the travel event, the indication of the geographic location of the travel event including at least one of a text indication of the geographic location, a graphical indication of the geographic location, or a map indicating the geographic location, or
(ii) automatically taking at least one other corrective action, via the destination computing device, to affect driving of the destination vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,365,661

NAVIGATION FOR A ROBOTIC WORKING TOOL

HUSQVARNA AB, Huskvarna ...

1. A robotic work tool system comprising a charging station and a robotic work tool, said robotic work tool comprising a position determining device and a controller, wherein said controller is configured to:determine a current position for the robotic work tool based on the position determining device;
determine a first distance from the current position to said charging station;
cause said robotic work tool to travel along a boundary wire a predetermined distance or for a predetermined time;
determine a new current position for the robotic work tool based on the position determining device;
determine a second distance from the new current position to said charging station; and
determine if the second distance is larger than the first distance,
wherein if the second distance is not larger than the first distance, cause said robotic work tool to continue traveling along the boundary wire; and
wherein if the second distance is larger than the first distance, cause the robotic work tool to turn a predetermined angle away from the boundary wire and follow a virtual F-field towards the charging station.

US Pat. No. 10,365,660

COMPUTER SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AUTOMATED INDOOR SURVEYING BY ROBOTS

Savioke, Inc., San Jose,...

1. A method comprising:determining, based on an initial map and one or more stored parameters, whether one or more portions of the initial map should be updated, wherein the initial map represents a plurality of locations within an environment, and wherein each location of the plurality of locations is associated with first sensor data;
in response to determining one or more portions of the initial map should be updated, causing:
calculating a route to one or more target locations corresponding to the one or more portions of the initial map;
a robot physically traversing the environment on the route;
during the traversing the environment on the route, the robot collecting second sensor data from one or more sensors of the robot at each target location of the one or more target locations;
generating updated map data associating each target location of the one or more target locations with respective updated sensor data based on the second sensor data.

US Pat. No. 10,365,659

ROBOT CLEANER, CONTROL APPARATUS, CONTROL SYSTEM, AND CONTROL METHOD OF ROBOT CLEANER

SASMUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An apparatus to control a robot cleaner, the apparatus comprising:a user interface unit configured to receive a command from a user to cause the apparatus to receive a map of a cleaning area downloaded from an external server and a command from the user to cause a map of the cleaning area to be generated by the robot cleaner and then received by the apparatus from the robot cleaner; and
a controller configured to,
in response to the command to cause the apparatus to receive the map of the cleaning area downloaded from the external server being received by the user interface unit, perform control to cause the apparatus to receive the map of the cleaning area downloaded from the external server, and
in response to the command to cause the map of the cleaning area to be generated by the robot cleaner and then received by the apparatus from the robot cleaner, perform control to cause the map of the cleaning area to be generated by the robot cleaner and then received by the apparatus from the robot cleaner.

US Pat. No. 10,365,658

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ALIGNING CROWDSOURCED SPARSE MAP DATA

Mobileye Vision Technolog...

1. A method of determining a line representation of a road surface feature extending along a road segment, the line representation of the road surface feature being configured for use in autonomous vehicle navigation, the method comprising:receiving, by a server, a first set of drive data including position information associated with the road surface feature, the position information being determined based on analysis of images of the road segment;
receiving, by a server, a second set of drive data including position information associated with the road surface feature, the position information being determined based on analysis of images of the road segment;
segmenting the first set of drive data into first drive patches and segmenting the second set of drive data into second drive patches;
longitudinally aligning the first set of drive data with the second set of drive data within corresponding patches; and
determining the line representation of the road surface feature based on the longitudinally aligned first and second drive data in the first and second draft patches.

US Pat. No. 10,365,657

AUTONOMOUS MOVING OBJECT

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. An autonomous moving object comprising:an imager that acquires a signal state of a traffic light;
an information memory that stores blinking times of the traffic lights;
a first plurality of sensors that determine a self-position of the autonomous moving object;
a second plurality of sensors that detect obstacles along a particular path of the autonomous moving object, and
a motor controller that controls movement including a speed of the autonomous moving object,
wherein the autonomous moving object, in response to the imager detecting that the signal state of the traffic light has changed from a GO signal to a blinking signal for a crosswalk:
approximates an amount of time remaining prior the blinking signal changing to a stop signal based on the blinking times stored in information memory,
determines a plurality of potential first paths, wherein each of the plurality of potential first paths move the autonomous moving object from the self-position to an end point of the crosswalk,
calculates first travel times for the autonomous moving object to traverse the plurality of potential first paths based on a distance of the first paths and the each speed of the autonomous moving object,
calculates a first risk for each particular potential first path from the plurality of potential first paths based on a number of obstacles detected by the second plurality of sensors along each particular first path,
determines a subset of the plurality of potential first paths that have the first travel times that are less than the amount of time remaining prior the blinking signal changing to the stop signal,
on a condition that the subset of the plurality potential first paths contains at least one path, selects a selected route from the subset of the plurality potential first paths where the first risk of the particular first path is minimized, and
moves along the selected route with the speed based on speeds of surrounding moving obstacles detected by the second plurality of sensors and/or faster than the speed before changing to the blinking signal.

US Pat. No. 10,365,656

ROBOT CHARGER DOCKING LOCALIZATION

Locus Robotics Corp., Wi...

1. A method for navigating a robot for docking with a robot charger docking station, comprising:receiving an initial pose associated with a robot charger docking station;
receiving a mating pose associated with the robot charger docking station;
performing a first navigation of a robot from a location to the initial pose using scan matching to a first map;
performing a second navigation of the robot from the initial pose to the mating pose using scan matching to a second map;
wherein upon arriving at the mating pose, thereby causing the electrical charging port of the robot to mate with an electrical charging assembly of the robot charger docking station.

US Pat. No. 10,365,655

ECU, AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE INCLUDING ECU, AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING LANE CHANGE FOR THE SAME

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method of controlling lane change of an autonomous vehicle, comprising:determining, by a controller, a type of a command for lane change using an autonomous driving logic in response to the command for lane change being generated;
determining, by the controller, an attribute on each region of a plurality of regions included in a change target region according to the type of the command for lane change determined, the attribute of each region including one of a region in which lane change is possible, a region in which lane change is difficult even when lane change is possible, and a region in which lane change is not possible;
correcting, by the controller, the attribute of each region using information regarding a lane in which the autonomous vehicle is being driven; and
determining, by the controller, a lane change region from the plurality of regions included in the change target region based on the corrected attribute of each region.

US Pat. No. 10,365,653

PERSONALIZED AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE RIDE CHARACTERISTICS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method of autonomously controlling a vehicle in a personalized manner, the method comprising:obtaining, by a controller onboard the vehicle, ride preference information associated with a user, the ride preference information comprising a user-specific value for a maximum rate of change for an acceleration of the vehicle;
identifying, by the controller, a current vehicle pose;
determining, by the controller, a motion plan for the vehicle along a route based at least in part on the ride preference information, the current vehicle pose, and constraints associated with the route, wherein the motion plan comprises a solution for traversing along the route from the current vehicle pose in a manner that satisfies the constraints and the user-specific value for the maximum rate of change for the acceleration of the vehicle, the user-specific value for the maximum rate of change for the acceleration of the vehicle influencing a rate of vehicle movement resulting from the motion plan; and
operating, by the controller, one or more actuators onboard the vehicle in accordance with the motion plan.

US Pat. No. 10,365,651

CONTROL SYSTEM FOR AUTONOMOUS LOCOMOTION DEVICES

NUTANIX, INC., San Jose,...

1. A system comprising:a plurality of host machines forming a virtual cluster in a virtualization environment, each of the plurality of host machines forming an autonomous locomotion device of a plurality of autonomous locomotion devices, each of the plurality of autonomous locomotion devices comprising:
a hardware module comprising a virtual machine configured as a flight controller; and
a device controller communicably connected to the hardware module for operating an associated one of the plurality of autonomous locomotion devices based upon an instruction from the hardware module,
wherein the plurality of host machines form a distributed system in which user data, application data, or sensor data associated with each of the plurality of host machines is replicated dynamically by other ones of the plurality of host machines in response to instructions to perform a new task, mission, or to enable another host machine to join, separate from, or take over leadership of the virtual cluster;
wherein one of the plurality of host machines is a leader of the virtual cluster, and wherein the leader dynamically varies a number of the plurality of host machines that form part of the virtual cluster.

US Pat. No. 10,365,650

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR MOVING OBJECT VELOCITY DETERMINATION

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for controlling an autonomous vehicle, the method comprising:obtaining a first point cloud and at least one second point cloud that are time spaced based on three-dimensional position data, of a scene outside of the autonomous vehicle, from at least one sensor of the autonomous vehicle;
position aligning, via at least one processor, at least one static aspect of the scene in the first point cloud with at least one static aspect of the scene in the at least one second point cloud to obtain position aligned first and second point clouds;
generating a sparse mesh around data points in the first and second point clouds corresponding to the moving object;
determining a distance moved between the sparse mesh in the first second position aligned point cloud;
determining, via at least one processor, a velocity of at least one moving object in the position aligned first and second point clouds based on the distance moved; and
performing, via at least one processor, an autonomous vehicle control function using the velocity of the at least one moving object.

US Pat. No. 10,365,648

METHODS OF CUSTOMIZING SELF-DRIVING MOTOR VEHICLES

1. A method of customizing a self-driving motor vehicle comprising the steps of: acquiring a user preference data set and a user profile data set;identifying a current user;
applying data of the current user in the user preference data set and in the user profile data set in operating the vehicle;
updating the data of the current user in the user preference data set and the user profile data set of the current user during driving;
applying the updated data of the current user in the user preference data set and in the user profile data set in operating the vehicle;
driving the vehicle based on the updated data of the current user in the user preference data set and in the user profile data set;
wherein the step of applying the data comprises:
finding a closest match between a current scenario and a scenario used in a training collection for acquiring data in the entry of the current user in the user preference dataset;
applying a user choice in the current scenario operating the vehicle if
minimum scenario similarity is smaller than a threshold value; or
generating a suggestion how to handle the current scenario based on the data in the entry of the current user in the user profile data set and
achieving an optimal solution by considering the suggestion together with other options generated by Al control subsystems based on non-user-specific analysis.

US Pat. No. 10,365,647

ENSURING OCCUPANT AWARENESS IN VEHICLES

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method of providing information to ensure occupant awareness in a vehicle, the method comprising:autonomously controlling, by the vehicle, operation of the vehicle;
determining, by one or more processors and concurrent with the vehicle autonomously controlling operation of the vehicle, an expected event is to occur, the expected event including transfer of control of the operation of the vehicle from the vehicle to an occupant;
determining, by the one or more processors and concurrent with the vehicle autonomously controlling operation of the vehicle, an extent of time remaining until an estimated occurrence of the expected event;
determining, by the one or more processors and concurrent with the vehicle autonomously controlling operation of the vehicle, a condition that triggers the expected event;
selecting, by the one or more processors and concurrent with the vehicle autonomously controlling operation of the vehicle, a process of a plurality of processes by which to inform the occupant of an operating context of the vehicle such that the process of the plurality of processes is capable of being performed within the determined extent of time, wherein a first subset of the plurality of processes are for higher levels of the determined extent of time compared to a second subset of the plurality of processes; and
performing, by the one or more processors and within the determined extent of time, the process of the plurality of processes by which to inform the occupant of the operating context of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,365,644

APPLICATION, SMART DEVICE, DRONE, SERVER, SYSTEM METHOD, AND PROGRAM FOR AUTOMATICALLY CONTROL DRONE FLIGHT

OPTIM CORPORATION, Saga-...

1. A smart device that automatically controls drone flight and is connected with a drone, the smart device comprising:a camera;
a rechargeable battery; and
a processor that:
drives the camera;
acquires an image taken by the camera;
analyzes the acquired image;
controls the drone flight based on a result of the image analysis;
feeds power from the rechargeable battery to the connected drone; and
controls the speed of the drone based on the battery level of the rechargeable battery when feeding power.

US Pat. No. 10,365,643

SYSTEM RELIABILITY AND OPERATING LIFE ENHANCEMENT IN FIELD THROUGH THERMAL PROFILING

Honeywell International I...

1. A system comprising:a processing device;
a rack; and
a plurality of input/output module (IOM) configured to interface with a field device in an industrial process control and automation system,
wherein each IOM of the plurality of IOMs comprises:
a terminal block including a plurality of inputs or outputs, each of the inputs or outputs configured to send and receive signals to and from the field device;
a plurality of temperature sensors, each of the plurality of temperature sensors configured to measure a temperature in the vicinity of the temperature sensor within each IOM;
a connector configured to transmit the temperature measured by each of the plurality of temperature sensors to the processing device,
wherein the processing device compares each of the plurality of measured temperatures to a threshold,
wherein the plurality of temperature sensors are positioned evenly across a field side of the IOM and the temperature measured evenly across the rack where the plurality of IOMs are positioned, and
wherein the rack is configured to mount each of the plurality of IOMs, and the processing device.

US Pat. No. 10,365,640

CONTROLLING MULTI-STAGE MANUFACTURING PROCESS BASED ON INTERNET OF THINGS (IOT) SENSORS AND COGNITIVE RULE INDUCTION

International Business Ma...

1. A computer program product for controlling product production in multi-stage manufacturing process, the computer program product comprising a computer readable storage medium having program instructions embodied therewith, wherein the computer readable storage medium is not a transitory signal per se, the program instructions executable by a processor to cause the processor to perform a method comprising:receiving product genealogy data comprising at least a history of processing conditions at stages in the multi-stage manufacturing process in manufacturing a product, the processing conditions expressed in terms of process variables and corresponding values measured by sensors coupled to processing units in a manufacturing facility implementing the multi-stage manufacturing process;
selecting a subset of process variables that influence product quality, from the process variables;
executing a machine learning algorithm with the product genealogy data and the subset of process variables as input, the machine learning algorithm learning causal relationships between the processing conditions and the product quality;
automatically generating a control rule based on at least one of the causal relationships, the control rule for controlling a process variable set point at a stage in the multi-stage manufacturing process;
receiving real time sensor data from the sensors;
instantiating the control rule based on the real time sensor data, wherein the control rule is fired responsive to the real time sensor data meeting a conditional part of the control rule;
responsive to the control rule firing, controlling an actuator coupled to at least one of the processing units to set a processing variable to a set point specified in the control rule;
wherein the control rule comprises at least a rule that sets an operating condition at a future manufacturing process stage that follows a current manufacturing process stage.

US Pat. No. 10,365,638

SCHEDULING PROCESS FOR AUTOMATED MATTRESS MANUFACTURING

DREAMWELL, LTD., Las Veg...

1. A computer-implemented method for scheduling automated manufacturing of mattresses, the method comprising:receiving, by a processing device, a plurality of customer orders for mattresses, wherein each of the plurality of customer orders includes a due date;
organizing the plurality of customer orders into production batches based on the due dates;
analyzing a first production batch of the daily production schedule and responsively creating an optimized hour production batch;
based on a determination that the optimized first production batch exceeds a performance threshold, operating an automated manufacturing system to produce the first hourly production batch;
based on a determination that the optimized first hour production batch does not exceed the performance threshold:
analyzing a second production batch; and
modifying the optimized first production batch and the second production batch to create an optimized second production batch.

US Pat. No. 10,365,635

PRODUCTION MODULE FOR PERFORMING A PRODUCTION FUNCTION ON A PRODUCT

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A production module for performing a production function on a product, the production module being configured to couple to a second production module which is configured to perform a second production function on the product, the production module comprising:a memory device configured to store a piece of self-description information regarding properties of the production module;
wherein the second production module comprises a second piece of self-description information regarding properties of the second production module;
wherein the production module is configured to transmit the piece of self-description information to the second production module and to receive the second piece of self-description information from the second production module;
wherein one of (i) the memory device of the production module stores a piece of port information regarding the coupling to the second production module and (ii) the production module is configured to store the piece of port information regarding the coupling to the second production module; and
wherein the piece of port information regarding the coupling to the second production module comprises information regarding properties of the second production module including a piece of information about a size of an interaction or transfer area for the second production module, a situation or position of the transfer area and an identifier of the coupled second production module.

US Pat. No. 10,365,634

MULTIAXIAL CONTROL SYSTEM SETTING AND ADJUSTING FUNCTION SUPPORTING DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A multiaxial control system setting and adjusting function supporting device, wherein the multiaxial control system setting and adjusting function supporting device is configured to:set and adjust a control parameter that is set to a servo amplifier of the multiaxial control system that includes a plurality of axes, each of the plurality of axes is driven by a combination of the servo amplifier with a servo motor, and that synchronizes and controls the plurality of axes according to a command from a motion controller,
group, as one group, first axes of the plurality of axes based on an input control command, the first axes comprising mechanical axes which are mechanically coupled,
perform an adjustment of the control parameter on the first axes as the group, the performing the adjustment comprising obtaining adjustment results via tuning of a servo gain parameter, as the control parameter, based on a responsiveness value which is set as a single value for the first axes as the group, and
control a display to display an average value of the adjustment results of the servo gain parameter for the first axes as a control parameter value of the mechanical axes, the adjustment results being associated with the responsiveness value,
wherein inertia ratios are estimated individually for the first axes as the group, an average value of the inertia ratios is calculated, and the average value of the inertia ratios are displayed along with the adjustment results.

US Pat. No. 10,365,633

METHOD FOR GENERATING CNC MACHINE OFFSET BASED ON THERMAL MODEL

Ford Motor Company, Dear...

1. A method of compensating for thermal variations in a machine comprising:instrumenting the machine with a plurality of temperature sensors;
enclosing the machine in an environmentally controllable atmosphere;
mounting a calibration artifact into the machine, wherein the calibration artifact has precise dimensions that are known;
soaking the machine at a plurality of predetermined temperatures;
probing the calibration artifact at the plurality of temperatures; and
generating a thermal model of the machine based on the probing.

US Pat. No. 10,365,631

INSTRUCTION GENERATING DEVICE

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An instruction generating device that generates a position instruction of instruction information to drive a machine, the instruction generating device comprising:a receiver that receives an input of a machine performance index comprising at least a target traveling distance, a target traveling time, and a resonance frequency of a vibration to become a vibration control target;
a storage in which a plurality of vibration control conditional expressions are stored, the plurality of vibration control conditional expressions calculating a parameter of the position instruction suppressing the vibration based on the machine performance index; and
a processor configured with a program to perform operations comprising:
operation as a conditional expression selector configured to select a vibration control conditional expression to generate the position instruction from the plurality of vibration control conditional expressions based on a control performance index indicating an item to be prioritized during drive control of the machine;
operation as a parameter calculator configured to calculate the parameter based on the machine performance index and the selected vibration control conditional expression; and
operation as a position instruction generator configured to calculate the position instruction based on the parameter calculated with the parameter calculator.

US Pat. No. 10,365,630

CONTROL METHOD OF PROFILE MEASURING APPARATUS

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. A control method of a profile measuring apparatus that includes a probe having a stylus head at a distal end and a displacement mechanism displacing the probe, the profile measuring apparatus detecting contact between the stylus head and a surface of a work piece, and measuring a profile of the work piece, the method comprising:finding a scanning path along which the stylus head is displaced based on design data of the work piece;
while controlling a depression amount of the probe toward the work piece to maintain a standard depression amount, displacing the stylus head along the scanning path;
generating, via a motion controller of the profile measuring apparatus, a probe displacement instruction according to a composite speed vector V represented by the following equation:
composite speed vector V=Gf·Vf+Ge·Ve+sg(p)·Gc·Vc2
wherein:
a path speed vector Vf is a vector along which the probe is displaced along the scanning path,
a depression correction vector Ve is a vector maintaining the depression amount of the probe toward the work piece at the standard depression amount,
a second course correction vector Vc2 is represented by (Vc1·q)q,
a first course correction vector Vc1 is a vector in a direction correcting a probe position such that the stylus head is oriented along a scanning course,
a course correction direction vector q is a vector given by a vector product of the normal line of the surface of the work piece and the path speed vector Vf,
when the normal direction of a measured surface, which is calculated based on the design data of the work piece, is defined as a nominal normal direction vector Nw, p is a scalar product of the second course correction vector Vc2 and the nominal normal direction vector Nw, and a mathematical sign determination function sg(p) is a function returning +1 or ?1 in accordance with a value of p, and
Gf, Ge, and Gc are each a predetermined coefficient; and
displacing the probe in accordance with the generated probe displacement instruction.

US Pat. No. 10,365,627

PROCESSING MACHINE WHICH TAKES INTO ACCOUNT POSITION ERRORS DURING COLLISION CHECKING

1. An operating method for a processing machine, comprising:providing to a numerical controller of the processing machine a parts program comprising a sequence of setpoint position values for a tool of the processing machine relative to a workpiece to be processed with the tool,
programming the numerical controller with a system program supplied to the numerical controller via an external non-transitory computer readable data medium, said non-transitory computer readable data medium being provided as an external USB memory stick,
determining with the numerical controller, based on the setpoint position values, a respective setpoint axis value for each position-regulated axis of a plurality of position-regulated axes operating on machine elements of the processing machine,
associating, in the numerical controller, virtual protection bodies with the machine elements, the workpiece and the tool, the virtual protection bodies being defined by envelope curves,
before activating the position-regulated axes, determining volumes with the numerical controller that are occupied by the virtual protection bodies when the position-regulated axes are controlled in accordance with the sequence of setpoint position values and checking whether, except for the processing to be performed by the tool on the workpiece, the virtual protection bodies remain disjoint from one another,
when the virtual protection bodies remain disjoint from one another, controlling with the numerical controller the position-regulated axes in accordance with the sequence of setpoint position values and, when the virtual protection bodies do not remain disjoint from one another, foregoing controlling the position-regulated axes and performing an error response,
defining in the numerical controller a position error field, which specifies for the setpoint axis values an actual position that the tool assumes relative to the workpiece when the position-regulated axes are positioned at the respective setpoint axis values, and which also takes into account the elasticities of the tool and the workpiece, and
taking the position error field into account in the numerical controller at least for a subset of the virtual protection bodies when determining the volumes to be occupied by the virtual protection bodies when the position-regulated axes are controlled in accordance with the sequence of setpoint position values, wherein the virtual protection bodies, for which the numerical controller takes into account the position error field when determining the occupied volumes, comprise at least the tool and a tool holder.

US Pat. No. 10,365,626

EXTENDING THE FUNCTIONALITY OF A PROGRAMMABLE LOGIC CONTROLLER (PLC) WITH APPS WITHOUT CHANGING THE PLC PROGRAMMING

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A programmable logic controller comprising:a processor;
a programmable logic controller (PLC) operating environment configured to execute a controller automation program providing a plurality of skill functions;
a device memory comprising a plurality of apps configured to perform a discrete set of automation functions using the plurality of skill functions; and
an app container that is logically separate from the PLC operating environment, wherein the app container is configured to provide a runtime environment for the plurality of apps.

US Pat. No. 10,365,625

METHODS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE INDUSTRIAL INTERNET OF THINGS

Strong Force IOT Portfoli...

1. A system for data collection, processing, and utilization of signals from at least a first element in a first machine in an industrial environment, the system comprising:a platform including a computing environment connected to a local data collection system having at least a first sensor signal and a second sensor signal obtained from at least the first machine in the industrial environment;
a first sensor in the local data collection system configured to be connected to the first machine;
a second sensor in the local data collection system; and
a crosspoint switch in the local data collection system having multiple inputs and multiple outputs including a first input connected to the first sensor and a second input connected to the second sensor, wherein the multiple outputs include a first output and a second output configured to be switchable between a condition in which the first output is configured to switch between delivery of the first sensor signal and the second sensor signal and a condition in which there is simultaneous delivery of the first sensor signal from the first output and the second sensor signal from the second output, wherein each of multiple inputs is configured to be individually assigned to any of the multiple outputs, wherein unassigned outputs are configured to be switched off producing a high-impedance state, wherein the local data collection system is configured to manage data collection bands, and wherein the local data collection system is configured to create data acquisition routes based on hierarchical templates that each include the data collection bands related to machines associated with the data acquisition routes.

US Pat. No. 10,365,624

SLAVE DEVICE, METHOD FOR CONTROLLING SLAVE DEVICE, AND NON-TRANSITORY COMPUTER-READABLE RECORDING MEDIUM

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. A slave device that is connected to a controller which is a master device via a network and includes a communication port to which a device is connected, the slave device comprising:an acquisition unit configured to acquire identification information of a device connected to the communication port from the device;
a generation unit configured to generate configuration settings information including identification information of a device scheduled to be connected to the communication port on the basis of the identification information acquired by the acquisition unit; and
a collation unit configured to collate the identification information acquired by the acquisition unit with the identification information included in the configuration settings information to determine whether the device connected to the communication port is the device scheduled to be connected to the communication port.

US Pat. No. 10,365,623

SERVER, USER TERMINAL, AND PROGRAM

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. A server, which is associated with a service facility, comprising:a notification unit that sends a power reduction request to a user terminal of a consumer; and
a controller that acquires smart meter information sent from the user terminal when the consumer accepts the power reduction request,
wherein
the smart meter information is information regarding a smart meter of a consumer facility that is a target for power reduction,
the controller determines actual reduced power of the consumer facility based on the smart meter information,
when power usage of the consumer facility is reduced in response to the power reduction request, the controller performs a process of giving an incentive corresponding to the actual reduced power to the consumer, and
when the consumer accepts the power reduction request, the incentive is given to the consumer based on an amount of money used in the service facility or time during which the consumer has stayed in the service facility.

US Pat. No. 10,365,622

CONTROLLING APPLIANCE SETTING BASED ON USER POSITION

Lenovo (Singapore) PTE LT...

1. An apparatus comprising:a processor;
a memory that stores code executable by the processor to:
monitor user position data for at least one registered user;
access calendar information and historical data for the at least one registered user;
identify a travel scenario based on the user position data, the historical data and on the calendar information, the travel scenario having a destination registered with the at least one registered user;
select an appliance from a plurality of appliances located at the destination based on the historical data, the registered user being registered with the selected appliance; and
control a setting of the selected appliance based on an identity of a registered user corresponding to the travel scenario and based on the historical data.

US Pat. No. 10,365,616

PORTABLE SWITCHING DEVICE TO REMOTELY OPERATE A HIGH VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKER

21. A method of switching an external circuit using a portable switching device, comprising:connecting a voltage output of the external circuit to a voltage input of the portable switching device;
connecting a first voltage output of the portable switching device to a switching terminal of the external circuit; and
connecting a ground input of the portable switching device to a ground of the external circuit and wherein switching the external circuit comprises remotely controlling a first switching circuit to switch the external circuit from a first operating state to a second operating state.

US Pat. No. 10,365,615

WEARABLE APPARATUS

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A wearable apparatus, comprising:a mounting component configured to hold a relationship between relative positions of the wearable apparatus and its user;
a plurality of sensors;
a folding panel mounted on the mounting component, the folding panel including at least two display screens interconnected at a rotatable joint where said plurality of sensors are disposed; and
a controller, said controller being signal connected with individual display screens and the plurality of sensors respectively, the controller being configured to control corresponding display screens to turn on or turn off based on a state of the folding panel detected by the plurality of sensors;
wherein the at least two display screens comprise five display screens; wherein one of the five display screens is a rectangular display screen having four edges, while a remaining four display screens comprise circular arc edges; wherein the remaining four display screens are respectively connected to said four edges of the rectangular display screen in a rotatable manner.

US Pat. No. 10,365,614

WATCH AND ITEM OF JEWELLERY WITH INTERCHANGEABLE WRISTBAND

The Swatch Group Research...

1. An end link of a wristband for a watch or item of jewelry for removable fitting of a watch case or jewel setting, the end link comprising:an end piece including at least one complementary stud for a fixture to the watch case, the at least one complementary stud being configured to be inserted in at least one secondary transverse slot of the watch case, wherein the watch case includes at least one main longitudinal slot delimited by two main support surfaces parallel to a main plane and the at least one secondary transverse slot delimited by two secondary support surfaces parallel to a secondary plane defining a direction of insertion of the end link; and
at least one lock including,
a slide catch configured to be inserted in the at least one main longitudinal slot in a locking position, towards which the slide catch is moved by elastic restoring means belonging to said lock,
intrinsic unlocking means configured to be operated directly by a finger of a user to move the slide catch away from the main longitudinal slot of the watch case,
a pushbutton configured to control an unlocking of the at least one lock by retraction of the slide catch by an application of pressure to the pushbutton imposed by the finger of the user, the pushbutton including at least one cam or an oblique bevel configured to cooperate with a complementary cam or a complementary oblique bevel of the slide catch, and
a cover being a front guide of the slide catch close to the main slot forming a latch of the case configured to receive the end piece.

US Pat. No. 10,365,612

MECHANICAL TIMEPIECE MOVEMENT WITH RUNNING RESERVE DETECTION

ETA SA Manufacture Horlog...

1. A mechanical timepiece movement with running reserve indication, comprising at least one barrel system with a winding output connected to a winding wheel of a differential gear, and with an unwinding output connected to an unwinding wheel of the differential gear,wherein the movement includes a locking wheel set driven in rotation by an intermediate wheel of the differential gear, the locking wheel set being connected to a running reserve indicator to display the running reserve,
wherein the locking wheel set includes a locking element for coming into contact with the unwinding wheel of the differential gear, when the running reserve indicator indicates zero in order to lock the timepiece movement, and
wherein the locking wheel set includes a first wheel fixed on the axis of rotation and in direct contact with the intermediate wheel of the differential gear to be driven in rotation.

US Pat. No. 10,365,611

MOON PHASE INDICATOR MECHANISM

Blancpain SA, Le Brassus...

1. A moon phase indicator mechanism, for a timepiece provided with a movement and a dial, the moon phase indicator mechanism comprising:at least one moon disc,
at least one moon phase train disposed underneath the dial and driven by the timepiece movement, the moon phase train meshing with a moon phase wheel taking the form of a toothed ring in order to move the moon disc at a periphery of the dial about an axis A arranged at the centre of the dial, with the moon phase train, and
an intermediate part,
wherein movement of the moon disc around the dial is to simulate moon phases, and
wherein the moon phase wheel indirectly carries the moon disc with the intermediate part such that the moon disc is non-rotationally fixed to the intermediate part, the intermediate part mounted on the toothed ring, the intermediate part surrounding the dial and the movement.

US Pat. No. 10,365,610

DISPLAY MECHANISM WITH ROLLERS FOR WATCHES

1. A timepiece display mechanism comprising:at least one roller pivoting about a roller axis, said roller comprising at least one flap pivoting about a flap axis parallel to said roller axis and distinct from said roller axis, said at least one flap comprising at least one first face and at least one second face;
first drive means for pivoting said roller about said roller axis;
second drive means distinct from said first drive means for pivoting at least one said flap about said respective flap axis, in at least one determined position of said flap axis relative to said roller axis,
wherein said second drive means comprise, at each said flap, at least one flap drive pinion centred on each said flap axis and arranged to cooperate with a control means, comprised in said display mechanism, to modify, on demand, the position of said at least one flap or when said at least one flap is a plurality of flaps, to modify, in sequence or continuously, the position of said successive flaps of said at least one roller.

US Pat. No. 10,365,609

ISOTROPIC HARMONIC OSCILLATOR AND ASSOCIATED TIME BASE WITHOUT ESCAPEMENT OR WITH SIMPLIFIED ESCAPEMENT

ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDER...

1. A mechanical isotropic harmonic oscillator comprising:a fixed base;
an intermediate block;
a mass configured to oscillate;
a first parallel spring stage connected between the mass and the intermediate block; and
a second parallel spring stage connected between the intermediate block and the fixed base,
wherein a direction of flexure of the first parallel stage is substantially perpendicular to a direction of flexure of the second parallel spring stage.

US Pat. No. 10,365,607

HOLOGRAM DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A hologram display device, comprising a spatial light modulator, a lens assembly, and a plurality of backlights, whereinthe plurality of backlights are provided at a light incident side of the spatial light modulator, the lens assembly is provided between the plurality of backlights and the spatial light modulator;
the plurality of backlights are configured to emit light having different directions towards the lens assembly, respectively, the lens assembly is configured to guide received light having different directions to the spatial light modulator, and the spatial light modulator is configured to form images at different positions at a light emergent side of the spatial light modulator according to the light having different directions from the lens assembly, respectively;
the lens assembly comprises a plurality of first lenses having a one-to-one correspondence to the plurality of backlights and a second lens provided between the plurality of first lenses and the spatial light modulator, each first lens is configured to guide parallel surface coherent light emitted from a corresponding backlight to a predetermined position on the second lens, and the second lens is configured to guide light transmitted through respective first lenses to the spatial light modulator, and
each backlight comprises a light emitting assembly configured to emit parallel surface coherent light towards the spatial light modulator.

US Pat. No. 10,365,606

APPARATUS, OPTICAL SYSTEM, AND METHOD FOR DIGITAL HOLOGRAPHIC MICROSCOPY

1. A digital holography microscope comprising:two microscope objectives configured in a bi-telecentric configuration;
a sample holder configured to receive a sample;
a couple charged device configured to capture one or more images;
a display; and
a processor configured to
retrieve a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) model associated with a type of the sample,
mitigate aberrations in the one or more images using at least the CNN model having as input an unwrapped phase associated with each of the one or more images, and
output the mitigated one or more images via the display.

US Pat. No. 10,365,605

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING A MOVABLE ENGAGEABLE SPACING MEMBER AND PROCESS CARTRIDGE INCLUDING A FORCE RECEIVING PORTION

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:(i) a main assembly including:
(i-i) a spacing member, and
(i-ii) a movable member movable while supporting the spacing member, wherein the spacing member is movable relative to the movable member between (a) a normal position and (b) a retracted position retracted from the normal position; and
(ii) a process cartridge detachably mountable to the main assembly, the process cartridge including:
(ii-i) a photosensitive drum,
(ii-ii) a developing roller movable in directions toward and away from the photosensitive drum,
(ii-iii) a spacing force receiving portion configured to receive a spacing force, for moving the developing roller in a direction away from the photosensitive drum, from the spacing member of the main assembly, and
(ii-iv) a contact portion configured to contact the spacing member to retract the spacing member,
wherein, when the spacing member is in the normal position, the spacing member is capable of applying the spacing force to the spacing force receiving portion by movement of the movable member, and
wherein the spacing member is retractable from the normal position to the retracted position by being contacted by the contact portion of the process cartridge.

US Pat. No. 10,365,603

DRIVE DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCORPORATING THE DRIVE DEVICE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A drive device comprising:a drive source;
a drive gear mounted on the drive source and having an externally toothed part;
a first drive transmission gear drivingly coupled with the drive gear and having a first transmission portion and a second transmission portion, the first transmission portion including an internally toothed part on an inner circumference to mesh with the externally toothed part of the drive gear;
a second drive transmission body drivingly coupled with the first drive transmission gear and with a drive target body; and
an endless body wound around the second transmission portion and the second drive transmission body.

US Pat. No. 10,365,602

HOLE PUNCHING APPARATUS FOR PUNCHING PUNCH HOLES IN PRINTING PAPER

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A hole punching apparatus, comprising:hole-punching blades for punching punch holes in printing paper by vertical motion, a hole-punching motor, and vertical-motion-converting units for converting rotation of a hole-punching shaft that is connected to the hole-punching motor to vertical motion of the hole-punching blades; and
that executes:
a hole-punching process for punching punch holes by rotating the hole-punching shaft from a reference position; and
a braking process that applies a brake to the rotation of the hole-punching shaft and stops at the reference position; wherein
the hole punching apparatus further comprises:
a rotation-detecting unit that detects the rotation of the hole-punching shaft and outputs a rotation-position signal; and
a brake-control unit that intermittently turns ON and OFF the brake in the braking process; wherein
the brake-control unit sets a braking period for turning ON the brake according to the rotation position and rotation speed of the hole-punching shaft that is measured based on the rotation-position signal so that, with respect to a particular rotation speed, the braking period tends to become longer as the rotation position becomes closer to the reference position, and so that, with respect to a particular rotation position, the braking period tends to become longer as the rotation speed becomes faster.

US Pat. No. 10,365,601

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING METHOD

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image forming device to form a first test toner image and a second test toner image;
an image density detector to detect an image density at a plurality of positions of the first test toner image and the second test toner image formed by the image forming device; and
a processor configured to:
control the image forming device to form the first test toner image,
control the image density detector to detect the image density at the plurality of positions of the first test toner image,
adjust an image forming condition of the image forming device so that the image density at each of the plurality of positions becomes a target image density,
control the image forming device to form the second test toner image based on the adjusted image forming condition,
control the image density detector to detect the image density at the plurality of positions of the second test toner image,
determine whether a streaked image exists in the second test toner image based on the image density detected at the plurality of positions of the second test toner image by the image density detector, and
execute a countermeasure to prevent an occurrence of the streaked image based on a determined result of the streaked image in the second test toner image.

US Pat. No. 10,365,600

BELT DEVIATION CORRECTION DEVICE FIXING DEVICE, IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND BELT DEVIATION CORRECTION METHOD

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A belt deviation correction device for correcting a deviation of an endless belt wound around a plurality of rollers, comprising:a pressing roller that is pressed from outside the endless belt wound around the plurality of rollers; and
a drive mechanism that drives a plurality of actuated parts that are different from each other in order to swing the pressing roller, wherein
the pressing roller is configured to swing in such a way as to be inclined with respect to the plurality of rollers,
a deviation of the endless belt in a direction of an axis of rotation of the plurality of rollers is corrected by swinging the pressing roller, and
the drive mechanism includes:
a single drive part to which a drive force is transmitted from a single drive source, and
a plurality of actuating parts provided on the single drive part so that in actuating a first actuated part and a second actuated part of the plurality of actuated parts separately with the drive force from the single drive part, a first action on the first actuated part and a second action on the second actuated part do not affect each other.

US Pat. No. 10,365,599

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH WRITE START TIMING DETERMINATION

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An image forming apparatus, which is operable at a plurality of image forming speeds, comprising:a photosensitive member;
a light source configured to emit a light beam;
a deflection unit configured to deflect the light beam emitted from the light source so that the light beam scans on a surface of the photosensitive member in a main scanning direction;
a developing unit configured to develop, with a toner, an electrostatic latent image, which is formed on the surface of the photosensitive member by the light beam, into a toner image;
a transfer unit configured to transfer the toner image from the surface of the photosensitive member onto a bearing member or a recording medium that is conveyed by the bearing member;
a pattern detection unit configured to detect a registration correction pattern, which is transferred onto the bearing member by the transfer unit; and
a processor and a memory configured to function as:
a writing start timing determination unit configured to determine writing start timing at which the electrostatic latent image is started to be written on the photosensitive member by the light beam emitted from the light source, based on a detection result of the pattern detection unit;
a storage unit configured to store a correction amount for correcting the writing start timing that is determined by the writing start timing determination unit;
a density detection unit configured to detect a density correction pattern, which is transferred onto the bearing member by the transfer unit; and
a light intensity setting unit configured to set a light intensity of the light beam that is emitted from the light source, based on a detection result of the density detection unit,
wherein, in a case where a previous image forming speed when the registration correction pattern is detected by the pattern detection unit is the same as a next image forming speed at which a next image is formed, the next image is formed at the writing start timing that is determined by the writing start timing determination unit at the previous image forming speed, and
wherein, in a case where the previous image forming speed differs from the next image forming speed, the correction amount is corrected based on a difference between a light intensity of the light beam when the registration correction pattern is formed and a light intensity of the light beam when the next image is formed, the writing start timing that is determined by the writing start timing determination unit at the previous image forming speed is corrected based on a corrected correction amount and on a speed ratio of the previous image forming speed to the next image forming speed, and the next image is formed based on a corrected writing start timing.

US Pat. No. 10,365,598

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A fixing device comprising:a fixing section to which a sheet is conveyed and that is configured to fix a toner image formed on the sheet to the sheet; and
a detection section configured to detect presence of the sheet in the fixing section, wherein
the detection section includes:
an actuator supported in a movable manner between a first detection position and a second detection position; and
a roller supported by the actuator in a rotatable manner,
the actuator is located across a conveyance path of the sheet while positioned at the first detection position,
when the sheet reaches the actuator positioned at the first detection position, the actuator moves to the second detection position,
the roller includes a sheet contact part that comes into contact with the sheet being conveyed,
the roller is supported by the actuator in a movable manner between a first roller position and a second roller position,
when the roller is positioned at the first roller position, the sheet contact part juts out from the actuator as viewed from an axial direction of the roller, and
when the roller is positioned at the second roller position, the sheet contact part overlaps with the actuator as viewed from the axial direction of the roller.

US Pat. No. 10,365,597

ENDLESS BELT COMPRISING BORON NITRIDE NANOTUBES

XEROX CORPORATION, Norwa...

1. An endless belt comprising:a substrate layer comprising polyimide made from precursors comprising at least one dianhydride and at least one diamine; and a plurality of boron nitride nanotubes dispersed in the polyimide, the boron nitride nanotubes having a surface area of from about 50 m2/g to about 500 m2/g as determined by BET analysis, and being in an amount ranging from about 0.01 wt. % to about 20 wt. %, based on the total weight of the substrate layer, the substrate layer having a Young's modulus of from about 4,000 MPa to about 10,000 MPa.

US Pat. No. 10,365,596

FUSER INCLUDING ENDLESS BELT AND SLIDING SHEET

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. A fuser comprising:a rotatable member;
a belt comprising:
an inner peripheral surface, and
an outer peripheral surface facing the rotatable member;
a heater configured to heat the rotatable member;
a pressure member configured to, with the rotatable member, sandwich the belt to form a nip portion; and
a sliding member, a portion of the sliding member configured to be sandwiched between the inner peripheral surface of the belt and a surface of the pressure member at a position corresponding to the nip portion, the sliding member comprising a front surface facing the inner peripheral surface of the belt and a back surface facing the pressure member,
wherein the front surface comprises a plurality of first dimples arranged in a first zone of the sliding member and a plurality of second dimples arranged in a second zone of the sliding member outside the first zone, the first zone corresponding to a first part of the nip portion, to which a first pressure is to be applied, and the second zone corresponding to a second part of the nip portion, to which a second pressure smaller than the first pressure is to be applied,
wherein the first dimples comprise a first upstream dimple and a first downstream dimple, positioned downstream from the first upstream dimple in a moving direction of the belt at the nip portion, wherein a first ridge portion is formed between the first upstream dimple and the first downstream dimple,
wherein the second dimples comprise a second upstream dimple and a second downstream dimple positioned downstream from the second upstream dimple in the moving direction, wherein a second ridge portion is formed between the second upstream dimple and the second downstream dimple, and
wherein, a first angle formed between the first upstream dimple and the first ridge portion is greater than a second angle formed between the second upstream dimple and the second ridge portion.

US Pat. No. 10,365,594

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING A FUSER ASSEMBLY OF AN ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGING DEVICE

LEXMARK INTERNATIONAL, IN...

1. An imaging device for fusing toner to media sheets in a process direction of media travel, the imaging device connectable to a supply of AC power, comprising:first and second resistive traces of differing power sizes for heating; and
a controller coupled to connect said each of the resistive traces to the AC power to selectively apply half-cycles of the AC power including calculating a power level from zero power (0%) to full power (100%) to cause the each of the resistive traces to maintain a predetermined set-point temperature, but not applying the calculated power level to the each of the resistive traces and mapping the calculated power level to one of only five actual heating power levels for application to the each of the resistive traces.

US Pat. No. 10,365,592

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS WITH PASSIVELY ROTATING FIXING DEVICE

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., Mi...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image carrier;
a transfer member configured to transfer an image on the image carrier to a continuous medium;
a fixing device configured to fix the image transferred to the medium; and
a transport member disposed downstream of the fixing device in a transport direction of the medium and configured to transport the medium,
wherein the fixing device comprises:
a first fixing member having an endless shape; and
a second fixing member having a substantially cylindrical shape; and
wherein, when the transport member transports the medium, the first and the second fixing members are passively rotated in accordance with movement of the medium.

US Pat. No. 10,365,591

FIXING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A fixing device comprising:a fixing member configured to heat a toner on a medium while rotating;
a pressing member configured to form a pressing area with the fixing member while rotating and to press the toner on the medium passing through the pressing area;
a cover configured to be moved in one direction in an opening and closing direction to form a part of a conveying path for the medium and to be moved in the other direction in the opening and closing direction to open the part of the conveying path; and
a cleaning device provided in the cover and configured to bring a cleaning member into contact with a surface of the pressing member in a state where the cover is moved in the one direction and to clean the surface of the pressing member.

US Pat. No. 10,365,590

BELT CONVEYANCE DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

8. An image forming apparatus comprising:an endless belt member configured to bear an image and turn around; and
a steering roller configured to be tiltable and stretch the belt member, the steering roller including a roller configured to be rotatable with the belt member and a rubbing member configured to rub against the belt member to apply frictional force to the belt member, rotation of the rubbing member being regulated at both ends of the steering roller, the steering roller being tilted by frictional force acting on the rubbing member from the belt member,
wherein the rubbing member includes a recessed portion formed along an axial direction of the steering roller in an area opposed to an inner peripheral surface of the belt member, and
wherein a width of the recessed portion with respect to a circumferential direction of the steering roller is 300 ?m or more and a depth of the recessed portion is 100 ?m or more.

US Pat. No. 10,365,589

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS CAPABLE OF RESTRAINING OCCURRENCE OF ELECTRIC DISCHARGE BETWEEN INTERMEDIATE TRANSFER BELT AND SHEET

Brother Kogyo Kabushiki K...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a drum unit including a photosensitive drum;
a belt unit comprising:
a first roller;
a second roller spaced apart from the first roller;
an intermediate transfer belt supported by the first roller and the second roller, the intermediate transfer belt comprising:
a first portion positioned between the first roller and the second roller, the first portion being configured to be moved in a first direction directed from the first roller to the second roller when the intermediate transfer belt is circularly moved over the first roller and the second roller, the first portion having an upstream end and a downstream end in the first direction, the upstream end of the first portion being in contact with the first roller, the downstream end of the first portion being in contact with the second roller; and
a second portion positioned between the first roller and the second roller, the second portion being configured to be moved in a second direction directed from the second roller to the first roller when the intermediate transfer belt is circularly moved over the first roller and the second roller, the second portion having an upstream end and a downstream end in the second direction, the upstream end of the second portion being in contact with the second roller, the downstream end of the second portion being in contact with the first roller;
a primary transfer member positioned between the first roller and the second roller, the primary transfer member being configured to transfer a toner image from the photosensitive drum to the first portion;
a secondary transfer member capable of contacting the downstream end of the second portion, the secondary transfer member being configured to transfer the toner image from the intermediate transfer belt to a sheet; and
a sheet guide positioned opposite to the first portion with respect to the second portion, the sheet guide being configured to guide the sheet toward the intermediate transfer belt, the sheet guide comprising an upstream end and a downstream end in a sheet conveying direction, the downstream end of the sheet guide being positioned between the first roller and the second roller in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,365,587

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND DEVELOPING APPARATUS INCLUDING DEVELOPING ROLLER

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A developing apparatus, comprising:a developing roller configured to bear developer;
a frame configured to rotationally support the developing roller at each of two end portions of the developing roller in a longitudinal direction of the developing roller; and
a sealing member configured to seal a space between the frame and each of the two end portions of the developing roller, wherein
the developing roller has:
first regions that are located at each of the two end portions of the developing roller in the longitudinal direction and are in contact with the sealing member; and
a second region that is located between the first regions in the longitudinal direction and is not in contact with the sealing member, the second region having a predetermined surface roughness Ra,
wherein the first regions have a first lubricant applied thereto, the first lubricant having a first average particle size smaller than the predetermined surface roughness Ra, and
wherein the second region has a second lubricant applied thereto, the second lubricant having a second average particle size larger than the predetermined surface roughness Ra.

US Pat. No. 10,365,585

DEVELOPING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Konica Minolta, Inc., Ch...

1. A developing apparatus comprising:a housing that accommodates developer and has a plurality of constituent parts;
a vibrator that vibrates parts, which are two or more of the plurality of the constituent parts and to which scattered toner may adhere, as vibrated portions;
an adjuster provided for at least one of the vibrated portions and the vibrator so as to adjust and match natural frequencies of the two or more of the vibrated portions; and
a hardware processor that controls the vibrator.

US Pat. No. 10,365,584

TONER CONTAINER, DEVELOPING DEVICE, PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS THAT INCLUDE A TONER CONTAINER CONTACTING SURFACE TO CONTACT WITH A DEVELOPING DEVICE ENGAGEMENT RELEASING STRUCTURE

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. A toner container comprising:a container body to contain a toner and that is attachable to and detachable from a developing device;
an outlet to discharge the toner contained in the container body;
an outlet shutter to open and close the outlet, the shutter being movable in a direction of rotation; and
an operating structure to move the shutter in the direction of rotation of the shutter, the operating structure being rotatably attached to the container body, wherein
the operating structure includes an engaging structure that is rotatable in conjunction with rotation of the operating structure and that is rotatably supported by engagement with a support provided in the developing device, and
the engaging structure includes a rotation restricting structure that, in a state in which the engaging structure and the support are poorly engaged, interferes with the support and restricts rotation of the engaging structure.

US Pat. No. 10,365,583

TONER CONTAINER

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A toner container configured to be insertable into an image forming device, the toner container comprising:a toner container body including a toner chamber in which toner is stored;
a toner discharge port at one end of the toner container body;
a cover portion configured to cover the toner container body, wherein
the cover portion has a top surface comprising a first inclined surface and a second inclined surface;
a first rib and a second rib extending in a longitudinal direction and provided on a left side and a right side of the cover portion, respectively, the first inclined surface extending in the longitudinal direction and inclined from the first rib to a vicinity of a center of the top surface in a width direction of the cover portion, the second inclined surface extending in the longitudinal direction and inclined from the second rib to the vicinity of the center of the top surface in the width direction, the first inclined surface and the second inclined surface projecting outward from the first rib and the second rib; and
a projection at one end of the cover portion being orthogonal to the top surface of the cover portion.

US Pat. No. 10,365,582

DEVELOPER CARTRIDGE PROVIDED WITH GEAR HAVING ENGAGEMENT PORTIONS

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A developer cartridge comprising:a first gear rotatable about a first axis extending in an axial direction, the first gear comprising:
a small-diameter gear portion; and
a large-diameter gear portion having a diameter larger than a diameter of the small-diameter gear portion; and
a second gear rotatable about a second axis extending in the axial direction, the second gear comprising:
a first engagement portion extending along a portion of a peripheral surface of the second gear, the first engagement portion being engageable with the small-diameter gear portion;
a second engagement portion extending along a portion of a peripheral surface of the second gear, the second engagement portion being engageable with the large-diameter gear portion, and the second engagement portion being closer to the second axis than the first engagement portion is to the second axis in a radial direction of the second gear; and
a protruding portion protruding in the axial direction, the protruding portion being rotatable together with the first engagement portion and the second engagement portion, the second engagement portion being configured to engage the large-diameter gear portion after the first engagement portion is engaged with the small-diameter gear portion.

US Pat. No. 10,365,581

DEVELOPING DEVICE AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS INCLUDING SAME

KYOCERA DOCUMENT SOLUTION...

1. A developing device comprising:a developing container including a first conveying chamber, a second conveying chamber disposed in parallel to the first conveying chamber with a partition portion therebetween, and communicating portions for communicating the first conveying chamber and the second conveying chamber at both end portion sides of the partition portion in its longitudinal direction, the developing container storing two-component developer containing carrier and toner;
a first stirring and conveying member configured to stir and convey the developer in the first conveying chamber in its rotation shaft direction;
a second stirring and conveying member configured to stir and convey the developer in the second conveying chamber in a direction opposite to the first stirring and conveying member;
a developer replenishing port for replenishing the developing container with the developer;
a developer discharging portion configured to discharge excess developer from the developing container;
a developing roller supported by the developing container in a rotatable manner, so as to supply toner to an image carrier on which an electrostatic latent image is formed, in an opposed region between the developing roller and the image carrier;
a toner supply roller supported by the developing container in a rotatable manner, so as to carry the developer in the second conveying chamber on its surface and to supply the toner to the developing roller in an opposed region between the toner supply roller and the developing roller;
a regulating blade disposed to face the toner supply roller with a predetermined space therebetween;
a toner receiver member disposed to face the developing roller or the toner supply roller between the regulating blade and the image carrier in the developing container, so as to receive the toner dropped from the developing roller; and
a vibration generating device configured to vibrate the toner receiver member, wherein
the developing device is capable of executing a toner collecting mode in which the vibration generating device vibrates the toner receiver member so that the toner deposited on the toner receiver member is shaken off by vibration and is collected into the second conveying chamber, in a non-image formation period, and
the developing device is capable of executing a forced discharge mode in which the developer containing the collected toner collected from the toner receiver member into the second conveying chamber is forcibly discharged from the developer discharging portion to outside of the developing container, after the toner collecting mode is executed.

US Pat. No. 10,365,580

DEVELOPING MEMBER, ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESS CARTRIDGE, AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A developing member comprising: a substrate, an elastic layer, and a surface layer in that order, the surface layer containing a urethane resin and a filler, the urethane resin having:the structure represented by structural formula (1) and at least one of the structures represented by structural formula (2) and structural formula (3), between two adjacent urethane linkages; and
the structure represented by structural formula (4) and the structure represented by structural formula (5), between two adjacent urethane linkages:

wherein in the urethane resin, the proportion of the total number of the structures represented by structural formula (4) and structural formula (5) relative to the total number of the structures represented by structural formulas (1), (2), (3), (4), and (5) is 25% to 75%, and
wherein the proportion of the number of the structures represented by structural formula (4) relative to the total number of the structures represented by structural formula (4) and structural formula (5) is 45% to 95%.

US Pat. No. 10,365,579

IMAGE FORMING SYSTEM FOR FORMING A LIGHT CORRECTED IMAGE BASED UPON BOTH A LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE AND AN IMAGE FORMING DEVICE, IMAGE FORMING METHOD, AND NON-TRANSITORY RECORDING MEDIUM

RICOH COMPANY, LTD., Tok...

1. An image forming system comprising:a light emitting device configured to output light;
a controller configured to control an amount of light to be output from the light emitting device;
a first storage device configured to store a first correction value corresponding to a characteristic of the light emitting device;
a controller configured to control an amount of light to be output from the light emitting device and to correct the amount of light based on the first correction value;
an image forming device configured to form a first test image on a medium using the amount of light corrected based on the first correction value and output from the light emitting device;
an acquiring device configured to acquire first density information indicating a characteristic of density of the first test image;
a calculator configured to calculate a second correction value based on the first density information acquired and corresponding to a characteristic of the image forming device and configured to calculate a third correction value based on the first correction value corresponding to a characteristic of the light emitting device and the second correction value corresponding to a characteristic of the image forming device;
the controller being further configured to control and correct the amount of light to be output from the light emitting device based on the third correction value, the image forming device being further configured to form a first target image on a medium using the amount of light being corrected based on the third correction value and output from the light emitting device; and
a second storage device configured to store the third correction value,
wherein the image forming device is configured to form a second test image on a medium using the amount of light corrected based on the third correction value,
wherein the acquiring device is configured to acquire second density information indicating a characteristic of density of the second test image,
wherein the calculator is configured to calculate a fourth correction value based on the second density information acquired and calculate a fifth correction value based on the first correction value and the fourth correction value,
wherein the controller is further configured to control and correct the amount of light to be output from the light emitting device based on the fifth correction value, and
wherein the image forming device is further configured to form a second target image on a medium using the amount of light corrected based on the fifth correction value and output from the light emitting device.

US Pat. No. 10,365,577

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:an image bearing member; and
a charging member that electrostatically charges a surface of the image bearing member,
wherein control is performed for increasing a voltage to be applied to the charging member in a stepwise manner every time a time period equivalent to one rotation of the image bearing member elapses so that the voltage becomes higher than when the image bearing member passes through a region where the image bearing member faces the charging member in a previous rotation, the control being performed as the image bearing member rotates while a single image region worth of image is being formed in an image region that is longer than a length equivalent to one rotation of the image bearing member in a rotational direction of the image bearing member, and
wherein an increment of the voltage to be applied to the charging member in the control is set based on a length of the image region in the rotational direction of the image bearing member.

US Pat. No. 10,365,576

CHARGING MEMBER, METHOD FOR PRODUCING CHARGING MEMBER, PROCESS CARTRIDGE AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A charging member comprising:a support; and
a surface layer on the support,
wherein,
the surface layer includes polymetalloxane containing at least one metal atom selected from the group consisting of aluminum, zirconium, titanium, and tantalum, and
a group represented by the following formula (1) or (2) is bonded to the at least one metal atom in the polymetalloxane,

wherein, in formula (1), X represents an atomic group required for forming a ring; in formula (2), A1 and A2 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group, and in formulas (1) and (2), a symbol “*” represents a binding site with a metal atom in the polymetalloxane.

US Pat. No. 10,365,574

IMAGE CARRYING MEMBER UNIT AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS THEREWITH

KYOCERA DOCUMENT SOLUTION...

1. An image carrying member unit comprising:an image carrying member which is rotatable and on which an electrostatic latent image is formed;
a charging member arranged in contact with or close to a circumferential surface of the image carrying member, the charging member electrostatically charging the image carrying member;
a pair of first bearing members which supports the charging member movably in directions to or away from the image carrying member;
a biasing member which biases the charging member in a direction approaching the image carrying member; and
a supporting frame which supports the image carrying member and the first bearing members, wherein
the first bearing members each include:
a fulcrum rotatably supported on the supporting frame;
an arm extending in a radial direction from the fulcrum; and
a bearing portion formed at a tip end of the arm, the bearing portion supporting either end of the charging member in an axial direction thereof,
the image carrying member unit further comprises:
a cleaning member which cleans the charging member while rotating in contact with a circumferential surface of the charging member; and
a pair of second bearing members which rotatably supports opposite end parts of the cleaning member in the axial direction,
the cleaning member makes contact with the charging member from a direction opposite from the image carrying member, and the biasing member biases the second bearing members in the direction approaching the image carrying member, and thereby biases the charging member via the cleaning member in the direction approaching the image carrying member,
a charge cleaning unit in which the cleaning member, the second bearing members, and the biasing member are held integrally on a unit frame, the charge cleaning unit being removably fitted to the supporting frame, and
the charging member is pressed against the image carrying member when the charge cleaning unit is fitted to the supporting frame, and a pressure against the image carrying member is eliminated when the charge cleaning unit is removed from the supporting frame.

US Pat. No. 10,365,572

IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

TOSHIBA TEC KABUSHIKI KAI...

1. An image forming apparatus comprising:a printer configured to transfer a visible image formed by attaching toner to an electrostatic latent image on a photoconductive drum onto a sheet, to heat and press the sheet onto which the visible image is transferred so as to fix the visible image onto the sheet, and to thereby form an image on the sheet; and
a controller configured to
control the printer to form an image for a second surface on a sheet, and then to form an image for a first surface on a surface which is different from a surface on which the image for the second surface is formed, when the controller determines that duplex printing is set according to job data to provide an instruction for image formation,
wherein, in the duplex printing, decolorable toner is applied on the first surface which is a surface on which an image is first formed, of a front surface and a rear surface of a sheet, and toner having a fixing temperature higher than a decolorizing temperature of the decolorable toner is applied on the second surface, which is a surface on which an image is formed after the first surface.

US Pat. No. 10,365,571

ELECTROSTATIC LATENT IMAGE DEVELOPING TONER

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. An electrostatic latent image developing toner comprising a plurality of toner particles containing a non-crystalline polyester resin and a crystalline polyester resin, whereinthe toner particles contain as the crystalline polyester resin a dispersoid of crystallized crystalline polyester resin domains (CPES),
the CPES domains of the CPES dispersoid have an aspect ratio of at least 3.40 and no greater than 10.0 in terms of number average value,
the toner particles have a roundness of at least 0.950 and no greater than 0.970 in terms of number average value,
in a cross-sectional image of each of the toner particles, a ratio of a total area occupied by the CPES dispersoid to a cross-sectional area of the toner particle is at least 10.0% and no greater than 30.0%,
the non-crystalline polyester resin includes a repeating unit derived from alkenyl succinic anhydride, and
the crystalline polyester resin includes a repeating unit derived from n-butyl methacrylate.

US Pat. No. 10,365,570

METHOD FOR PRODUCING TONER FOR DEVELOPING ELECTROSTATIC IMAGES

ZEON CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A method for producing a toner for developing electrostatic images, the method comprising a sieving step of removing coarse particles from colored resin particles by, using an air flow, supplying the colored resin particles to a sieve,wherein when the colored resin particles are supplied to the sieve using the air flow, a solid-air ratio of the colored resin particles with respect to the air is set to be in a range of from 0.05 to 0.37 by mass,
wherein a metal mesh laminate comprising at least two metal meshes attached to each other by sintering, the metal meshes being different in opening size, is used as the sieve;
wherein the metal meshes of the metal mesh laminate are laminated in order of opening size and one of the metal meshes having a smallest opening size is disposed on a side of supplying the colored resin particles;
wherein the opening size of the metal mesh having the smallest opening size is in a range of from 32 to 110 ?m; and
wherein a ratio of opening sizes of two metal meshes randomly selected from all of the metal meshes constituting the metal mesh laminate, is in a range of from 1.18 to 27 when the ratio of the opening sizes is determined as a ratio of an opening size of a metal mesh having a relatively large opening size with respect to an opening size of a metal mesh having a relatively small opening size.

US Pat. No. 10,365,569

ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER, PRODUCTION METHOD OF ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC PHOTOSENSITIVE MEMBER, PROCESS CARTRIDGE AND ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An electrophotographic photosensitive member having a support, a charge generation layer, a charge transport layer and a surface layer in the listed order, whereinthe surface layer comprises a cured product and a compound represented by formula (1) or (2):
H3C—(CH2)a—COOH  (1)
H3C—(CH2)b—OH  (2)
wherein in the formula (1), a is an integer of 6 or more; and in the formula (2), b is an integer of 6 or more;
the cured product is a polymerized product of a hole transporting compound having an acryloyloxy group or a methacryloyloxy group; and
the compound represented by the formula (1) or (2) is contained in an amount of 50 to 4000 ppm with respect to the hole transporting compound having an acryloyloxy group or a methacryloyloxy group.

US Pat. No. 10,365,565

METHOD OF MEASURING A STRUCTURE, INSPECTION APPARATUS, LITHOGRAPHIC SYSTEM, DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD AND WAVELENGTH-SELECTIVE FILTER FOR USE THEREIN

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. A method of measuring a property of a structure formed by a lithographic process on a substrate, the method comprising:illuminating the structure with first radiation having a first wavelength and a first angular distribution;
illuminating the structure with second radiation having a second wavelength different to the first wavelength and having a second angular distribution;
collecting the first radiation after it has been diffracted by the structure;
collecting the second radiation after it has been diffracted by the structure; and
using one or more portions of the diffracted first and second radiation to derive a measurement of the property of the structure,
wherein the illuminating steps are performed simultaneously, the first and second angular distributions being made different such that the used one or more portions of the diffracted first radiation have an angular distribution that does not overlap with an angular distribution of the used one or more portions of the diffracted second radiation, and
wherein the collecting steps are performed simultaneously using a collection optical system comprising a segmented wavelength-selective filter configured to transmit the used one or more portions of the diffracted first and second radiation while simultaneously blocking one or more other portions of the collected first and second radiation that are not used in the using step.

US Pat. No. 10,365,564

CALCITE CHANNEL NANOFLUIDICS

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A method of fabricating calcite channels in a nanofluidic device, the method comprising:coating a photoresist on a substrate;
exposing a portion of the photoresist to a beam of electrons, wherein the portion is exposed in a channel pattern;
developing the exposed portion of the photoresist to form the channel pattern;
depositing calcite in the channel pattern using a calcite precursor gas, wherein the deposited calcite has a width in a range of approximately 50 to 100 nanometers;
removing the photoresist remaining after developing the exposed portion of the photoresist; and
packaging the device in a casing, wherein the casing comprises a top portion comprising a window, a bottom portion configured to hold the device, an inlet connection configured to allow a fluid to enter the device, and an outlet connection configured to allow the fluid to exit the device.

US Pat. No. 10,365,560

RESIST COMPOSITION AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING RESIST PATTERN

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY...

1. A resist composition comprising:a resin having a structural unit represented by formula (I),
an alkali-soluble resin,
a resin (A3) including an alkaline-insoluble resin consisting of a structural unit having no acid-labile group,
an acid generator,
a solvent,
an adhesion improver selected from the group consisting of a sulfur-containing compound, an aromatic hydroxyl compound, a benzotriazol compound, and a triazine compound; and
at least one quencher represented by the formula (C1) or the formula (C2);

wherein Ri51 represents a hydrogen atom or a methyl group,
Ri52 and Ri53 each independently represent a hydrogen atom or a C1 to C12 hydrocarbon group,
Ri54 represents a C5 to C20 alicyclic hydrocarbon group,
Ri55 in each occurrence independently represents a C1 to C6 alkyl group or a C1 to C6 alkoxy group, and
“p” represents an integer of 0 to 4;

wherein Rc1, Rc2 and Rc3 each independently represent a hydrogen atom, a C1 to C6 alkyl group, a C5 to C10 alicyclic hydrocarbon group or a C6 to C10 aromatic hydrocarbon group, and a hydrogen atom contained in the alkyl group and the alicyclic hydrocarbon group may be replaced by a hydroxy group, an amino group or a C1 to C6 alkoxy group, and a hydrogen atom contained in the aromatic hydrocarbon group may be replaced by a C1 to C6 alkyl group, a C1 to C6 alkoxy group or a C5 to C10 alicyclic hydrocarbon group;

wherein the ring W1 represents a nitrogen-containing heterocyclic ring, or a benzene ring having a substituted or unsubstituted amino group, and a hydrogen atom contained in the heterocyclic ring and benzene ring may be replaced by a hydroxy group or a C1 to C4 alkyl group;
A1 represents a phenyl group or a naphthyl group, and
nc represents an integer of 2 or 3; and
wherein the resist composition does not comprise a silicon-containing adhesion improver.

US Pat. No. 10,365,558

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING A PELLICLE, AND A PELLICLE

ASML Netherlands B.V., V...

1. An apparatus for manufacturing an intermediate product for a pellicle to be made, the pellicle to be made comprising a pellicle frame and pellicle film supported by the pellicle frame, the pellicle film protecting a patterning device from particle contamination, wherein the apparatus comprises:a film support to support a film from which a portion is to become the pellicle film;
a substrate support to support a substrate, from which the pellicle frame is to be formed; and
a stressing assembly to impart a tensile stress to the film supported on the film support so as to deflect the film towards the substrate support,
wherein the film support and the substrate support are moveable relative to each other so as to bring the substrate into contact with the film when the film is imparted with tensile stress and deflected towards the substrate support.

US Pat. No. 10,365,557

COMPACT OPC MODEL GENERATION USING VIRTUAL DATA

SYNOPSYS, INC., Mountain...

1. A method of building a fast lithography Optical Proximity Correction (OPC) model that predicts semiconductor manufacturing process outputs on silicon wafers comprising:providing a first principles model of the semiconductor manufacturing process;
providing a set of empirical data for storage in memory;
utilizing a processor to develop a rigorous model from the first principles model and the set of empirical data;
utilizing the processor running the rigorous model to generate emulated data; and
using the emulated data to develop a virtual model to predict the semiconductor manufacturing process outputs.

US Pat. No. 10,365,554

DYNAMIC APERTURE POSITIONING FOR STEREO ENDOSCOPIC CAMERAS

Intuitive Surgical Operat...

1. A method for generating a view of a scene, the method comprising:receiving information indicative of an orientation of the head of a user operating a stereoscopic endoscope;
determining a reference orientation in accordance with the information indicative of the orientation of the head of the user;
determining an angle of orientation defined by an orientation of a line connecting a first aperture location and a second aperture location of the stereoscopic endoscope relative to the reference orientation;
adjusting at least one of the first and second aperture locations, while maintaining a spacing between the first and second aperture locations, to maintain the angle of orientation, in response to movement of the stereoscopic endoscope;
capturing image data through apertures at the first and second aperture locations; and
generating, based on the image data, control signals representing the view of the scene, the control signals configured to present the view of the scene on one or more display devices associated with the stereoscopic endoscope.

US Pat. No. 10,365,553

PROJECTOR-USE LUMINESCENT WHEEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREFOR, AND PROJECTOR-USE LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

NIPPON ELECTRIC GLASS CO....

1. A luminescent wheel for a projector comprising:a phosphor layer which has a first principal surface and a second principal surface located on an opposite side to the first principal surface and is capable of being excited by the entry of excitation light to emit fluorescence;
a first glass layer provided on the first principal surface of the phosphor layer so as to be in contact with the first principal surface; and
a second glass layer provided on the second principal surface of the phosphor layer so as to be in contact with the second principal surface,
wherein the phosphor layer contains a glass matrix and a phosphor dispersed in the glass matrix, and
wherein glass constituting the first glass layer or the second glass layer has a coefficient of thermal expansion in a range of a coefficient of thermal expansion of glass constituting the glass matrix?50×10?7/° C. to a coefficient of thermal expansion of glass constituting the glass matrix+50×10?7/° C.

US Pat. No. 10,365,552

LIGHT SOURCE EMPLOYING A WAVELENGTH CONVERSION DEVICE WITH A LIGHT INTRODUCING DEVICE AND A LIGHT COLLECTING DEVICE

APPOTRONICS CORPORATION L...

1. A wavelength conversion device comprising:a circular substrate, including one or more first segments located in a first ring shaped region of the substrate and one or more second segments located in a second ring shaped region of the substrate, wherein the first ring shaped region and the second ring shaped region are non-overlapping when viewed in a direction perpendicular to the circular substrate;
a reflective material coated on each of the first segments;
one or more wavelength conversion materials, each being formed on one of the one or more first segments of the substrate over the reflective material, to form one or more wavelength conversion segments; and
one or more filter plates, each being affixed to one of the one or more second segments to form one or more filter segments, each of the one or more filter segments corresponding to one of the one or more wavelength conversion segments and being configured to filter a light emitted by the wavelength conversion material on the corresponding wavelength conversion segment to increase a color purity of the light, wherein each of the one or more filter segments and the corresponding wavelength conversion segment are non-overlapping when viewed in the direction perpendicular to the circular substrate, and wherein each of the one or more filter segments is free of any wavelength conversion materials.

US Pat. No. 10,365,550

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR FOCUSING LASER PROJECTORS

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A method of focusing a laser light provided by a laser projector, wherein the laser projector includes a laser module having at least one laser diode, the method comprising:providing the laser light by the laser module of the laser projector, wherein the laser light has a divergence;
at least reducing the divergence of the laser light by at least one collimation lens;
converging the laser light to a focus by a convergence lens positioned downstream from the at least one collimation lens in an optical path of the laser light, wherein the focus is positioned outside of the laser projector; and
receiving the laser light by at least one scan mirror positioned in the optical path of the laser light in between the convergence lens and the focus of the laser light, wherein a spot size of the laser light at the at least one scan mirror is greater than a spot size of the laser light at the focus of the laser light.

US Pat. No. 10,365,549

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR FOCUSING LASER PROJECTORS

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A wearable heads-up display comprising:a support structure that in use is worn on a head of a user;
a holographic combiner carried by the support structure, wherein the holographic combiner is positioned within a field of view of an eye of the user when the support structure is worn on the head of the user; and
a laser projector carried by the support structure and positioned and oriented to direct laser light towards the holographic combiner, wherein the laser projector comprises:
at least one laser diode to provide laser light;
at least one collimation lens positioned in an optical path of the laser light, the at least one collimation lens to receive the laser light and at least reduce a divergence of the laser light;
a convergence lens positioned downstream from the at least one collimation lens in the optical path of the laser light, the convergence lens to receive the laser light having at least reduced divergence from the at least one collimation lens and converge the laser light to a focus in between the laser projector and the holographic combiner; and
at least one scan mirror positioned in the optical path of the laser light in between the convergence lens and the focus of the laser light, wherein a spot size of the laser light at the at least one scan mirror is greater than a spot size of the laser light at the focus of the laser light.

US Pat. No. 10,365,548

SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS FOR FOCUSING LASER PROJECTORS

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A laser projector comprising:a laser module to provide laser light, the laser module comprising:
a first laser diode to provide a first laser light, wherein the laser light provided by the laser module includes at least the first laser light; and
a first collimation lens positioned in an optical path of the first laser light, the first collimation lens to receive the first laser light and at least reduce a divergence of the first laser light;
a convergence lens positioned downstream from the laser module in an optical path of the laser light, the convergence lens to receive the laser light from the laser module and converge the laser light to a focus outside of the projector; and
a first scan mirror positioned in the optical path of the laser light in between the convergence lens and the focus of the laser light, wherein a spot size of the laser light at the first scan mirror is greater than a spot size of the laser light at the focus of the laser light, and wherein the first scan mirror includes a two dimensional reflective area and the spot size of the laser light at the first scan mirror is less than or equal to the reflective area of the first scan mirror.

US Pat. No. 10,365,547

DIGITAL MICRO-MIRROR DEVICE WITH A HEAT DISSIPATION STRUCTURE

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC., ...

1. A digital micro-mirror device with a heat dissipation structure, comprising:a circuit board, having an opening;
a digital micro-mirror unit, mounted on a first side of the circuit board corresponding to the opening, and having a lit surface facing away from the circuit board;
a digital micro-mirror device (DMD) mask covering an outer periphery of the lit surface, wherein a surface of the DMD mask has a black coating for reducing imaging light leakage caused by stray shooting into the digital micro-mirror unit;
a thermo-insulation element, arranged between an outer periphery of the digital micro-mirror unit and the digital micro-mirror device mask, the digital micro-mirror unit not being directly connecting to the digital micro-mirror device mask such that heat of the digital micro-mirror device mask is not directly conducted to the digital micro-mirror unit;
a thermoelectric cooler (TEC), arranged on a second side of the circuit board, having a cold side and a hot side, and the cold side being thermally connected to the digital micro-mirror unit, wherein the second side is opposite to the first side; and
a thermo-conductive body attached on the hot side of the TEC.

US Pat. No. 10,365,546

VEHICLE PROJECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD OF USING

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. An image projection system, comprising:a projector having an interchangeable optical slide holder configured to adaptively focus an object slide onto a surface of a vehicle the interchangeable optical slide holder further comprising a lens having a projection axis that intersects at a common point with a plane of the selected object slide and a lens plane of the lens; and
an image management system associated with the projector, the image management system for selectively associating one object slide at a time with the interchangeable optical slide holder for projection of a selected object slide upon the surface.

US Pat. No. 10,365,544

PANORAMIC CAMERA SUPPORT

Really Right Stuff, LLC, ...

1. An imaging device assembly comprising:(a) a first rotatable assembly supportable by a support that rotates in a generally horizontal plane and a horizontal locking member suitable to selectively impede said rotation of said first rotatable assembly;
(b) a second rotatable assembly that rotates in a generally vertical plane;
(c) an interconnection structure that interconnects said first rotatable assembly to said second rotatable assembly such that said second rotatable assembly is rotatable around said first rotatable assembly at an elevation higher than said first rotatable assembly and offset laterally from said first rotatable assembly;
(d) said first rotatable assembly including a panning structure that rotates said support in said generally horizontal plane and a leveling base that is rotatable in a non-coplanar manner relative to said panning structure.

US Pat. No. 10,365,541

LENS BARREL

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A collapsible lens barrel used for an imaging device, the collapsible lens barrel comprising:a base barrel mounted to the imaging device;
a drive device including a linear motion member reciprocating in an optical axis direction and a drive source for driving the linear motion member;
a cam frame disposed inside the base barrel and provided with a cam groove;
a drive device frame that is engaged with the cam groove in the cam frame and causes the drive device to reciprocate in the optical axis direction;
a focus lens group frame that holds a focus lens group; and
a contact part and an arm that extend from the focus lens group frame toward an object side and are engaged with the linear motion member to cause the focus lens group frame to reciprocate in the optical axis direction,
wherein, in a collapsed position, a plurality of lens groups is disposed inside the arm.

US Pat. No. 10,365,540

SWITCHABLE IMAGER LENS COVER

GENTEX CORPORATION, Zeel...

1. An imager module for a vehicle comprising:an imager including an imager lens, the imager being configured to collect image data from at least one of inside and outside the vehicle; and
a cover disposed proximate the imager lens, the cover configured to allow the imager to capture image data through the cover, wherein the cover includes an electro-optic cell with a masking layer on a surface of the electro-optic cell, and wherein the cover is operable between:
a first condition wherein the imager is generally visible through the cover; and
a second condition wherein the imager is generally concealed from view by the cover.

US Pat. No. 10,365,539

OPTICAL IMAGING SYSTEM

NALUX CO., LTD., Osaka-S...

1. An optical imaging system comprising, in order from an object side to an image side, a first lens with negative refractive power, a second lens that is a meniscus lens having a convex image-side surface, an aperture stop, a third lens with positive refractive power, and a lens group with positive refractive power, wherein when the center thickness of the first lens is represented as t1, the center thickness of the second lens is represented as t2, and the focal length of the whole system is represented as f,t1/f>1.2 and
t2/f>1.2
are satisfied, and
wherein the optical imaging system is configured with an F-number of 1.1 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,365,538

QUANTUM COMPUTER AND QUANTUM COMPUTING METHOD

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A quantum computer comprising:a plurality of first physical systems provided in a cavity, the plurality of first physical systems including a first energy level, a second energy level, a third energy level, and a fourth energy level which are different from each other, the first energy level and the second energy level being used for a qubit, the plurality of first physical systems including a first transition between the fourth energy level and the first energy level, a second transition between the fourth energy level and the second energy level, and a third transition between the fourth energy level and the third energy level, the third transition being coupled to a common cavity mode of the cavity;
a second physical system provided in the cavity, the second physical system including a fifth energy level, a sixth energy level, and a seventh energy level which are different from each other, the second physical system including a fourth transition between the seventh energy level and the fifth energy level, and a fifth transition between the seventh energy level and the sixth energy level, the fifth transition being coupled to the common cavity mode; and
a light source unit configured to simultaneously irradiate two of the plurality of first physical systems with a first laser light beam and a second laser light beam to manipulate the two first physical systems, the first laser light beam resonating with the second transition of one of the two physical systems, the second laser light beam resonating with the second transition of the other of the two physical systems, the light source unit being configured to continuously irradiate the second physical system with a third laser light beam over a period when the two first physical systems are irradiated with the first laser light beam and the second laser light beam, the third laser light beam resonating with the fourth transition of the second physical system.

US Pat. No. 10,365,537

DIRECTIONAL SENSITIVE FIBER OPTIC CABLE WELLBORE SYSTEM

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

1. A fiber optic cable assembly, comprising:an elongate housing;
a signal fiber placed inside the housing and extending longitudinally;
a strap to secure the fiber optic cable assembly outside a tubing in a wellbore formed in a formation; and
a plurality of sensing fibers placed inside the housing and extending longitudinally, wherein the plurality of sensing fibers are placed around the signal fiber, each of the plurality of sensing fibers carries a respective laser signal of a distinct frequency, and the signal fiber carries one or more evanescent coupling signals responsive to the laser signals in the plurality of sensing fibers.

US Pat. No. 10,365,536

OPTICAL DEVICE INCLUDING A MONOLITHIC BODY OF OPTICAL MATERIAL AND RELATED METHODS

EAGLE TECHNOLOGY, LLC, M...

1. An optical device comprising:a monolithic body of optical material comprising
an optical signal port,
an optical coupler/splitter portion comprising a plurality of optical couplers/splitters arranged in a planar configuration and coupled to the optical signal port,
a phase modulation portion comprising a plurality of phase shifters arranged in a planar configuration and coupled to respective ones of the plurality of optical couplers/splitters, and
a fanning-array portion comprising a plurality of optical waveguides extending from the phase modulation portion in a planar configuration and fanning so that ends of the plurality of optical waveguides terminate to define a two-dimensional array on an edge of the monolithic body.

US Pat. No. 10,365,535

BROADBAND FLAT OPTICAL ELEMENTS AND METHODS OF MANUFACTURE

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An optical element, comprising:a plurality of first nanostructures spatially distributed over an area of a substrate, wherein the substrate and the first nanostructures are transmissive over a visible light band, and wherein the first nanostructures have dimensions that induce a phase shift of a first non-zero magnitude for a first wavelength within the band;
a dielectric material over and between the first nanostructures, wherein the dielectric material is transmissive over the band;
a plurality of second nanostructures over the first nanostructures with the dielectric material therebetween, wherein the second nanostructures are transmissive over the band and have dimensions that induce a phase shift of at least the first magnitude for a second wavelength within the band, and wherein the first and second wavelengths differ by at least 50 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,365,533

ELECTROPHORETIC DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

E Ink Corporation, Bille...

1. An electrophoretic display device, comprising:a first substrate on which a common electrode is provided, the common electrode comprising a sheet of conductive material, two or more connecting portions having a plate portion and a connector extending from the plate portion, a partitioning wall portion comprising at least two frame portions located between the sheet and the plate portions, and a conducting portion located within each frame portion and electrically connecting the plate portion of each connecting portion to the sheet;
a second substrate on which a pixel electrode and a plurality of terminals are provided; and
dispersion liquid that is provided between the first substrate and the second substrate and includes particles and a dispersion medium
wherein the connecting portions electrically connect two or more terminals among the plurality of terminals respectively to different points of the common electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,365,532

POWER DISTRIBUTION NETWORKS FOR ELECTROCHROMIC DEVICES

View, Inc., Milpitas, CA...

1. A system for monitoring and maintaining a power distribution network of optically switchable windows of a site, the system comprising:a control panel monitor configured to cause:
determining a control panel voltage and current at a terminal of a control panel;
sense circuitry configured to cause:
determining a first window controller voltage and current for a first window controller of a plurality of window controllers; and
one or more controllers configured to cause:
generating voltage network data based on a combination of the control panel voltage and current and the first window controller voltage and current,
determining an error condition in the power distribution network based on the voltage network data, and
determining a corrective action to address the error condition, the corrective action comprising decreasing a first voltage provided to the first window controller and increasing an amount of time during which the first voltage is provided to the first window controller.

US Pat. No. 10,365,529

DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE INCLUDING THE DISPLAY DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A display device comprising:a pixel portion comprising:
a first transistor;
a first insulating film over the first transistor;
a second insulating film over the first insulating film, the second insulating film comprising an opening;
a third insulating film over the second insulating film;
a pixel electrode over the third insulating film, the pixel electrode being electrically connected to the first transistor through the opening; and
a first alignment film over the third insulating film and the pixel electrode; and
a driver circuit portion comprising:
a second transistor;
the first insulating film over the second transistor; and
the second insulating film over the first insulating film,
wherein each of the first transistor and the second transistor comprises an oxide semiconductor layer comprising a channel formation region,
wherein the first transistor further comprises an electrode in contact with the oxide semiconductor layer,
wherein a part of the third insulating film is in contact with the electrode,
wherein the part of the third insulating film is in the opening of the second insulating film,
wherein the first insulating film comprises an inorganic insulating material,
wherein the second insulating film comprises an organic insulating material,
wherein the third insulating film comprises an inorganic insulating material, and
wherein a part of the second insulating film is in contact with the first alignment film.

US Pat. No. 10,365,528

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, METHOD OF MANUFACTURING THE SAME, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An LCD display device comprising:a display panel comprising an array substrate, a color film substrate, and liquid crystals between the array substrate and the color film substrate; and
a backlight unit disposed under the display panel;
wherein the array substrate comprises:
a plurality of pixel units arranged in rows and columns, each row of the plurality of pixel units comprising a first sub-pixel row, a second sub-pixel row, and a third sub-pixel row, wherein the first, second, and third sub-pixel rows are arranged adjacent to each other, successively; and
a plurality of gate lines, each gate line of the plurality of gate lines being configured to drive one sub-pixel row;
wherein a first gate line for driving the first sub-pixel row and a second gate line for driving the second sub-pixel row in a same pixel unit are both located between the first sub-pixel row and the second sub-pixel row in the same pixel unit; and
wherein a distance between the first gate line and the second gate line is smaller than a distance between each of the first and second gate lines and the first and second sub-pixel rows, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,365,526

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A liquid crystal display (LCD) device, comprising an array substrate, wherein the array substrate comprising:a plurality of scan lines;
a plurality of data lines, intersecting with the plurality of scan lines so as to define a plurality of pixel areas;
a plurality of auxiliary segments, each of the plurality of scan lines and/or each of the plurality of data lines corresponding respectively to at least an auxiliary segment, the scan lines and/or data lines forming capacitive coupling with corresponding auxiliary segments to reduce signal delay on the scan lines and/or data lines;
the auxiliary segment comprising a first auxiliary segment and a second auxiliary segment, the first auxiliary segment being parallel to the data line, and disposed at the same layer as the scan line; and the second segment being parallel to the scan line, and disposed at the same layer as the data line;
the auxiliary segment being in a floating mode so as to form capacitive coupling with the scan line or the data line;
wherein a part of each scan line corresponding to inside of a pixel area corresponds to a second auxiliary segment, and the length of the second auxiliary segment is less than the part of each scan line corresponding to inside of a pixel area so that the second auxiliary segment does not overlap the overlapping part of the scan line and the data line;
a part of each data line corresponding to inside of a pixel area corresponds to a first auxiliary segment, and the length of the first auxiliary segment is less than the part of each data line corresponding to inside of a pixel area so that the first auxiliary segment does not overlap the overlapping part of the scan line and data line.

US Pat. No. 10,365,525

DISPLAY DEVICE

INNOLUX CORPORATION, Mia...

1. A display device, comprising:a first substrate;
a plurality of scan lines and a plurality of data lines, wherein the scan lines intersect with the data lines respectively, the scan lines and the data lines are disposed above the first substrate, and the scan lines extend along a first direction;
a common electrode disposed above the first substrate;
a second substrate opposite to the first substrate; and
a display medium layer disposed between the first substrate and the second substrate;
wherein, the common electrode comprises a first part extending along the first direction, a second part extending along and corresponding to the data lines, and an end part, in which the first part connects to the second part, and the end part connects to the second part to form a first angle larger than 0 degree and smaller than 180 degrees, while the end part overlaps partially with one of the data lines adjacent to the end part to form an overlapping portion, and a ratio of a maximum width of the overlapping portion in the first direction to a width of the one of the data lines in the first direction is greater than 0 and smaller than 1.

US Pat. No. 10,365,523

DISPLAY PANEL AND MANUFACTURING METHOD BASED ON BOA TECHNOLOGY

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A manufacturing method for a display panel based on BOA technology, comprising:providing an array substrate, wherein, the array substrate includes a display region and a non-display region;
forming a color photoresist layer on the array substrate;
using a mask once to expose the color photoresist layer in order to form a first spacer corresponding to the non-display region;
forming a black matrix layer on the color photoresist layer;
using a mask once to expose the black matrix layer in order to form a second spacer corresponding to the non-display region and/or the first spacer, wherein, heights and positions of the first spacer and the second spacer are different;
wherein the step of forming a color photoresist layer on the array substrate, and using a mask once to expose the color photoresist layer in order to form a first spacer corresponding to the non-display region comprises:
forming a red photoresist layer on the array substrate;
using a mask once to expose the red photoresist layer to form multiple red photoresists and a recess region located inside the multiple red photoresists, wherein a light transmittance of a first region of the mask corresponding to the red photoresist is greater than a light transmittance of a second region that is a region of the mask except the first region; and
forming a green photoresist and a blue photoresist on the array substrate; or
wherein the step of forming a color photoresist layer on the array substrate, and using a mask once to expose the color photoresist layer in order to form a first spacer corresponding to the non-display region comprises:
forming a green photoresist layer on the array substrate;
using a mask once to expose the green photoresist layer to form multiple green photoresists and a recess region located inside the multiple green photoresists, wherein a light transmittance of a first region of the mask corresponding to the green photoresist is greater than a light transmittance of a second region that is a region of the mask except the first region; and
forming a red photoresist and a blue photoresist on the array substrate; or
wherein the step of forming a color photoresist layer on the array substrate, and using a mask once to expose the color photoresist layer in order to form a first spacer corresponding to the non-display region comprises:
forming a blue photoresist layer on the array substrate;
using a mask once to expose the blue photoresist layer to form multiple blue photoresists and a recess region located inside the multiple blue photoresists, wherein a light transmittance of a first region of the mask corresponding to the blue photoresist is greater than a light transmittance of a second region that is a region of the mask except the first region; and
forming a red photoresist and a green photoresist on the array substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,365,520

WIRING STRUCTURE FOR DISPLAY DEVICE

Kobe Steel, Ltd., Kobe-s...

1. A wiring structure, comprising:a first layer of a first Al alloy which comprises at least one element X selected from the group consisting of Ta, Nb, Re, Zr, W, Mo, V, Hf, Ti, Cr, and Pt, and at least one rare earth metal element; and
a second layer of a nitride which comprises at least one element Y selected from the group consisting of Ti, Mo, Ta, Nb, Re, Zr, W, V, Hf, and Cr, or a nitride of a second Al alloy which comprises one or more of other metal elements and is the same as or different from the first Al alloy,
wherein
the first layer is formed on a substrate, and
the second layer is formed on the first layer.

US Pat. No. 10,365,517

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a first color filter;
a second color filter;
a first pixel electrode disposed in a first area of a pixel, which overlaps the first color filter and comprises a first stem electrode and a first branch electrode, wherein the first branch electrode is oriented at a first acute angle with respect to the first stem electrode;
a second pixel electrode disposed in a first area of an adjacent pixel, which overlaps the second color filter, immediately neighbors the first pixel electrode in a first direction, and comprises a second stem electrode and a second branch electrode, and wherein a shape of a combination of the second stem electrode and the second branch electrode is a mirror image of a shape of a combination of the first stem electrode and the first branch electrode; and
a third pixel electrode disposed in a second area of the pixel, which overlaps the first color filter, immediately neighbors the first pixel electrode in a second direction which is perpendicular to the first direction, and comprises a third stem electrode and a third branch electrode, wherein a shape of a combination of the third stem electrode and the third branch electrode is a mirror image of the shape of the combination of the first stem electrode and the first branch electrode, and wherein a size of an area which the third pixel electrode covers is bigger than a size of an area which the first pixel electrode covers,
wherein the first color filter has a first color,
the second color filter has a second color which is different from the first color,
the first stem electrode is disposed at an edge of the first area of the pixel, which overlaps the first color filter,
the second stem electrode is disposed at an edge of the first area of the adjacent pixel, which overlaps the second color filter, and
the third stem electrode is disposed at an edge of the second area of the pixel, which overlaps the first color filter.

US Pat. No. 10,365,515

VA LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY PANEL BASED ON BM-LESS TECHNOLOGY AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A vertical alignment (VA) liquid crystal display panel based on black matrix (BM)-less technology, comprising: a lower substrate, a thin-film transistor (TFT) layer formed on the lower substrate, a protective layer formed on the TFT layer, a color resist layer formed on the protective layer, a passivation layer formed on the color resist layer, a pixel electrode layer formed on the passivation layer, an upper substrate arranged opposite to the lower substrate, a common electrode layer formed on one side of the upper substrate that is adjacent to the lower substrate, a main photo spacer and a sub photo spacer formed on a surface of the common electrode layer, an enclosure sealant formed on an edge portion of the lower substrate, an edge frame formed on an edge portion of the common electrode layer and corresponding to the enclosure sealant, and a liquid crystal layer arranged between the lower substrate and the upper substrate;the color resist layer comprising red color resist, green color resist, and blue color resist that are arranged in the form of an array, a color mixture prevention zone being arranged between every two adjacent ones of the color resists and formed of a stacked arrangement of red color resist and blue color resist;
the main photo spacer and the sub photo spacer being arranged to correspond to the color mixture prevention zone, the color mixture prevention zone having a portion that is opposite to the main photo spacer and the sub photo spacer and is provided with a recess formed therein in such a way that a distal end of the main photo spacer that is distant from the upper substrate in a predetermined direction away from the upper substrate is in engagement with a bottom of the recess, and a distal end of the sub photo spacer that is distant from the upper substrate in the predetermined direction is spaced from the bottom of the recess, wherein the distal ends of the main photo spacer and the sub photo spacers are spaced from each other in the predetermined direction and a spacing distance between the distal ends of the main photo spacer and the sub photo spacer includes a fraction of a depth of the recess between the bottom of the recess and the surface of the common electrode layer of the upper substrate in the predetermined direction;
the main photo spacer, the sub photo spacer, and the edge frame each formed of a material that comprises a black material; and
wherein in the color mixture prevention zone, the blue color resist is stacked on the red color resist, the recess is formed in the blue color resist, and the red color resist has a portion that corresponds to and is located under the recess and is provided with a second recess.

US Pat. No. 10,365,513

BACKLIGHT UNIT AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING BACKLIGHT UNIT

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A display device comprising:a display panel;
a light source;
a frame at a rear of the display panel; and
a reflecting sheet between the display panel and the frame, the reflecting sheet having a rectangular shape with a first long side, a second long side opposite the first long side, a first short side adjacent to the first long side and the second long side, and a second short side opposite the first short side,
wherein the reflecting sheet includes a first horizontal area along the first long side, and a first vertical area along the first short side,
wherein at least one of the first horizontal area and the first vertical area includes:
a first area including a plurality of first dots, a second area including a plurality of second dots and a third area including a plurality of third dots,
wherein the second area is between the first area and the third area,
wherein a size of the first dots in the first area is the same, a size of the second dots in the second area is the same, and a size of the third dots in the third area is the same, and
wherein the size of the first dots in the first area is greater than the size of the second dots in the second area, and the size of the second dots in the second area is greater than the size of the third dots in the third area.

US Pat. No. 10,365,512

DISPLAY PANEL

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display panel comprising a plurality of pixels, each of the pixels comprising:a light blocking part configured to define a first opening, a second opening, and a third opening;
a first color filter that overlaps the first opening and has a red color;
a second color filter that overlaps the second opening and has a green color;
a third color filter that overlaps the third opening and has a blue color; and
a wire grid polarizer comprising a first stitch line spaced apart from the second opening in a plan view,
wherein:
the first stitch line overlaps the first opening or the third opening;
the light blocking part comprises a first light blocking part and a second light blocking part;
the first blocking part extends in the second direction, and the second light blocking part extends in the first direction and is disposed between the first and second color filters and between the second and third color filters;
the first light blocking part has a width greater than that of the second light blocking part;
the wire grid polarizer further comprises a second stitch line which crosses the first stitch line; and
the second stitch line overlaps the first light blocking part.

US Pat. No. 10,365,510

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING AN ORGANIC FUNCTIONAL LAYER IN A DISPLAY PANEL

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method for manufacturing an organic functional layer in a display panel, comprising:step S1, providing a carrier substrate, and coating to form an organic material layer on the carrier substrate;
step S2, providing a transfer head, disposing transfer protrusions with a pattern on the transfer head, pasting a side of the transfer head which is disposed with the transfer protrusions on the organic material layer, then ripping the transfer head from the organic material layer, adhering a portion of the organic material layer contacted with the transfer protrusions by the transfer protrusions, and deriving an organic material pattern;
step S3, providing a receiving substrate, disposing the organic material pattern which is adhered by the transfer head on the receiving substrate, forming a patterned organic functional layer on the receiving substrate corresponding to a pattern of the transfer protrusions;
wherein before the step S3, disposing the organic material pattern which is adhered by the transfer head on the receiving substrate, further comprising: immersing a bottom of the organic material pattern which is adhered by the transfer head in a bonding solvent;
in the step S3, after disposing the organic material pattern adhering with the bonding solvent on the receiving substrate, bonding the organic material pattern to the receiving substrate by the bonding solvent.

US Pat. No. 10,365,509

QUANTUM DOT COLOR FILTER AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A display apparatus, comprising:a backlight;
a liquid crystal panel on the backlight; and a quantum dot color filter on the liquid crystal panel, wherein the quantum dot color filter includes:
a first color conversion layer in a first pixel area and including a plurality of quantum dots to convert incident light into a first color light;
a second color conversion layer in a second pixel area and including a plurality of quantum dots to convert incident light into a second color light;
a blue light blocking layer including a first blue light blocking portion over the first color conversion layer to block emission of a blue light of the incident light which is not converted by the first color conversion layer, and a second blue light blocking portion over the second color conversion layer to block emission of the blue light of the incident light which is not converted by the second color conversion layer; and
a reflection preventing layer including a first reflection preventing portion over the first blue light blocking portion to prevent reflection of external light incident thereon and to transmit the first color light from the first color conversion layer therethrough, and a second reflection preventing portion on the second blue light blocking portion to prevent reflection of external light incident thereon and to transmit the second color light from the second color conversion layer therethrough, and
wherein the first reflection preventing portion and the second reflection preventing portion are spaced apart from one another.

US Pat. No. 10,365,507

SEMICONDUCTOR OPTICAL INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A semiconductor optical integrated circuit, comprising:a semiconductor layer in which an optical waveguide is provided, the optical waveguide including n heated sections I1 through In, where n is a natural number of not less than 2; and
(n+1) heater parts H0 through Hn configured to heat the heated sections I1 through In,
the optical waveguide being configured to meander such that the heated sections I1 through In are juxtaposed to each other, and
each heated section Ii (where i=1, 2, . . . , n) being arranged between a heater part Hi?1 and a heater part Hi which are adjacent to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,365,506

OPTICAL MODULATOR

SUMITOMO OSAKA CEMENT CO....

1. An optical modulator in which an optical modulation element is mounted inside a housing, in which at least a portion of an electric line is connected to an external circuit board through a flexible printed circuit, and which is disposed on the external circuit board,wherein a recess portion that mounts the flexible printed circuit is formed on an outer bottom surface of the housing and at a part where the flexible printed circuit is connected,
a plurality of signal lines are disposed in the flexible printed circuit, and
means for preventing a resonance mode is provided such that a resonance mode of a microwave and a millimeter wave or a parallel plate mode is prevented from being generated among a surface A of the recess portion facing the flexible printed circuit, an electric wiring part B provided on the flexible printed circuit overlapping the surface A when seen in a plan view, and an electric wiring part C provided on the external circuit board overlapping the surface A when seen in a plan view.

US Pat. No. 10,365,505

SIDE PIECE STRUCTURE OF A PAIR OF GLASSES

1. A side piece structure of a pair of glasses, comprising:at least one temple, having a slot, a fastener hole, a pivot hole and a first mark; and
at least one side piece, having a bracket, a fastener bump, a pivot, a second mark and a side cover,
wherein the pivot hole is a groove not penetrating through the at least one temple, the pivot of the at least one side piece is inserted into the pivot hole from an inner side of the at least one temple, and the fastener bump is engaged with the fastener hole; the bracket is fitted into the slot, and the first mark is aligned with the second mark.

US Pat. No. 10,365,503

METHOD IMPLEMENTED BY COMPUTER MEANS FOR CALCULATING A LENS OPTICAL SYSTEM OF A SPECTACLE OPHTHALMIC LENS FOR A WEARER

Essilor International, C...

1. A method of manufacturing a spectacle ophthalmic lens by machining a lens blank according to a lens optical system, the lens optical system calculated with a method implemented by computer means for calculating the lens optical system of the spectacle ophthalmic lens for a wearer where the spectacle ophthalmic lens comprises a back surface and a front surface, the back surface being positioned closest to the wearer's eye when the spectacle ophthalmic lens is worn, the method implemented by the computer means comprising:providing an aberration target lens comprising a back surface and a front surface, said aberration target lens having distortion values and fulfilling the requirements of:
a first set of aberration data of the aberration target lens including at least an aberration datum at a point of said aberration target lens chosen within the list consisting of a power PPOATL, an astigmatism amplitude value ASTATL with an astigmatism axis AXEATL, and an addition AddATL,
a first set of wearing parameters of the aberration target lens, and
a first set of lens parameters of the aberration target lens;
providing a distortion target consisting of target distortion values wherein

where:
DT is a distortion target value of the distortion target;
(?i,?i) is a mesh of a distortion zone;
N is the number of points in the mesh:
Dist is the distortion criterion;
ATL is the aberration target lens; and
Q=5%; and
calculating the lens optical system by using an optimization method which jointly uses the aberration target lens and the target distortion values,
wherein said first set of wearing parameters of the aberration target lens includes a first distance, dATL, between the center of rotation of the eye of the wearer and the back surface of said aberration target lens, said first set of lens parameters of the aberration target lens includes a first refractive index, nATL of said aberration target lens, a first base curvature, BATL, being the curvature on a reference point of the front surface of the aberration target lens,
wherein the distortion target is a distortion target lens,
wherein said distortion target lens is provided with a second set of aberration data, a second set of wearing parameters including a second distance, dDTL, between a center of rotation of the eye of the wearer and the back surface of said distortion target lens, and a second set of lens parameters including a second refractive index, nDTL of said distortion target lens and a second base curvature, BDTL, and
wherein the first and the second set of aberration data differ from at least data value and/or the first and the second set of wearing parameters differ from at least one wearing parameter value and/or the first and the second set of lens parameters differ from at least one lens parameter value.

US Pat. No. 10,365,500

LENS DRIVING DEVICE

TDK TAIWAN CORP., Yangme...

1. A lens driving device, comprising:a base;
a holder, disposed on a first side of the base and configured to sustain a lens;
a first driving mechanism, disposed on the first side of the base and configured to force the holder to move along an optical axis of the lens;
a second driving mechanism, disposed on a second side of the base opposite to the first side, including:
a circuit board assembly, having a wiring fixing structure extending toward the base; and
a shape memory alloy (SMA) wire assembly, electrically connecting the circuit board assembly and configured to force the base to move in a plane perpendicular to the optical axis of the lens; and
a conductive member, disposed on the base and configured to electrically connect the first and second driving mechanisms, and the conductive member and the circuit board assembly are connected at an electrical connection point, wherein a contact portion between the SMA wire assembly and the wiring fixing structure is closer to a light-incident end of the lens with respect to the electrical connection point.

US Pat. No. 10,365,499

LASER-MARKED ARTICLE WITH MOIRE PATTERN

D. Swarovski KG, Wattens...

1. A laser-marked article comprising:a transparent or translucent region; and
a dynamic moiré pattern in the transparent or translucent region,
wherein the transparent or translucent region consists of a single homogenous body of a transparent or translucent brittle-hard material,
wherein the dynamic moiré pattern is formed by superimposition of: at least one laser-engraved grid structure inside the transparent or translucent region; anda grid structure produced by reflection of the at least one laser-engraved grid structure at a reflecting surface of the transparent or translucent region.

US Pat. No. 10,365,498

ILLUMINATION DEVICE, PROJECTION APPARATUS AND PROJECTION-TYPE IMAGE DISPLAY APPARATUS

Dai Nippon Printing Co., ...

1. An illumination device comprising an optical device that varies an incidence angle of a coherent light beam at each position on an illumination zone with time, wherein the optical device comprises, in this order:an irradiation unit;
a hologram recording medium comprising a plurality of recording areas; and
an illumination zone;
wherein the illumination zone is a virtual plane that is illuminated by a coherent light beam whose angle of incidence changes with time;
wherein the irradiation unit irradiates the coherent light beam to the hologram recording medium so that the coherent light beam scans the hologram recording areas of the hologram recording medium;
wherein each of the plurality of recording areas diffracts the coherent light beam incident from the irradiation unit and illuminates a respective part of the illumination zone among a plurality of parts of the illumination zone as the angle of incidence changes with time, wherein one part of the illumination zone is different from another part of the illumination zone; and
wherein when the coherent light beam from the irradiation unit scans the plurality of recording areas, each of the plurality of recording areas scanned diffracts the coherent light beam so that, at each position on the plurality of recording areas, the coherent light beam illuminates a corresponding part of the illumination zone in its entirety as the coherent light beam is superimposed.

US Pat. No. 10,365,494

ADJUSTMENT STRUCTURE OF A BRIDLE

Acer Incorporated, New T...

1. An adjustment structure of a bridle, comprising:a bridle, comprising a rack;
a rotating shaft, comprising a first ring gear and a second ring gear both around an axis, wherein the first ring gear and the rack are coupled to each other so that the rotating shaft moves on the bridle by rotating about the axis; and
a knob, rotating about the axis and moved along the axis to be coupled to the rotating shall, the knob comprising a third ring gear to be engaged with or released from the second ring gear by the knob moving along the axis, when the third ring gear is engaged with the second ring gear, the knob adapted to be subjected to an external force to simultaneously drive the rotating shaft to rotate.

US Pat. No. 10,365,493

MODULAR COMPONENTS FOR A HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY

RealWear, Incorporated, ...

1. A sound-dampening ear-cover assembly for use with a head-mounted display, the assembly comprising:a first portion;
a second portion;
a rotatable coupling that movably couples the first portion to the second portion;
a receiving enclosure sized and shaped to receive a portion of the head-mounted display,
wherein the first and second portions are adjustable about the rotatable coupling between a first configuration and a second configuration,
wherein, in the first configuration, the first portion and the second portion are in a first position relative to each other,
wherein, in the second configuration, the first portion and the second portion are in a second position relative to each other, and
wherein, when the head-mounted display is coupled to the assembly, and the portion of the head-mounted display is positioned in the receiving enclosure, the portion of the head-mounted display remains in a fixed position as the first portion and the second portion are moved between the first configuration and the second configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,365,491

HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY INCLUDING DIFFRACTIVE COMBINER TO INTEGRATE A DISPLAY AND AN EYE-TRACKING SENSOR

GOOGLE LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. An apparatus comprising:a diffractive combiner having a front side, a back side, and a combiner optical axis running substantially through the diffractive combiner and normal to the back side;
a display unit having a display optical axis, wherein the display unit is positioned to direct display light along the display optical axis toward the diffractive combiner; and
an eye-tracking sensor having a sensor optical axis, wherein the eye-tracking sensor is positioned to receive eye-tracking radiation reflected by the diffractive combiner along the sensor optical axis;
wherein the combiner optical axis, the display optical axis, and the sensor optical axis intersect each other at the diffractive combiner.

US Pat. No. 10,365,490

HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY, HEAD-UP DISPLAY AND PICTURE DISPLAYING METHOD

Maxell, Ltd., Kyoto (JP)...

1. A head-mounted display, comprising:an imaging assembly that images scenery which is being seen by a user;
a storage that stores color correction factors used for correcting brightness of each color component of a red color component, a green color component and a blue color component included in a source picture imaged by the imaging assembly;
a correction picture generation processor that performs color correction processing for enhancing a color component with a relatively low color correction factor of the color correction factors stored in the storage unit, on the red color component, green color component and blue color component forming the source picture, to generate a correction picture;
a picture display assembly that displays the correction picture in the field of view of the user under a condition where the user is able to perceive an outside world; and
a special picture processor that performs picture processing for overlaying the correction picture and the source picture on each other for display,
wherein the picture display assembly displays, as a color component with a highest brightness, a color component with a lowest color correction factor of the color correction factors, among the red color component, green color component and blue color component in the source picture,
wherein the color correction factors are color vision property information representing visual sensitivity of the user to each color of the red, green and blue colors, and
wherein the lowest color correction factor among the color correction factors is the color correction factor of the color with the lowest visual sensitivity of the user.

US Pat. No. 10,365,487

NIGHT SKY SPATIAL ORIENTATION USING COLOR AND SURFACE FUSION

ROCKWELL COLLINS, INC., ...

1. A night vision optical system, comprising:at least one digital image sensor channel configured to detect an image;
at least one processor configured to:
receive a digital image sensor signal from the at least one digital image sensor channel based on a spatially varying luminance level of the detected image;
receive horizon data, separate from the digital image sensor signal from the at least one digital image sensor channel, indicating a position of a horizon where a sky is adjacent the horizon;
determine the position of the horizon based on the received horizon data to provide a determined position, the horizon data is based on topology data of earth at a longitudinal and latitudinal position of an aircraft and based on heading data indicative of the heading of the aircraft, and
provide a fused image signal based on the received digital image sensor signal and the determined position of the horizon where a sky region indicative of the sky is provided with a fixed luminance enhanced color fused with the varying luminance level of the detected digital sensor image; and
a full color display configured to display a fused image based on the fused image signal received from the at least one processor,
wherein the full color display has an array of pixels, and wherein the at least one processor is configured to provide each pixel individually with a signal based on fusing the luminance level of the enhanced color and the luminance level of the detected image at a respective pixel.

US Pat. No. 10,365,486

HEAD UP DISPLAY

LITE-ON ELECTRONICS (GUAN...

1. A head up display comprising:a housing having an opening;
a transmission mechanism disposed in the housing;
a cover connected to the transmission mechanism and movable between a closed position wherein the cover hides the opening and an opened position wherein the cover is located within the housing by the transmission mechanism; and
a drive mechanism configured to drive the transmission mechanism;
wherein while the cover moves from the closed position to the opened position, the cover moves to an intermediate position below the opening in a vertical way, and moves away from the intermediate position below the opening to the opened position in sequence,
wherein the transmission mechanism comprises a gear rack movably disposed in the housing and having a guide rail, the cover comprises a guide pin slidably disposed in the guide rail, and the drive mechanism is configured to drive the gear rack; and
wherein when the drive mechanism drives the gear rack, the cover is driven to move through a connection between the guide rail of the gear rack and the guide pin,
wherein the guide rail comprises a first parallel section, a second parallel section and an inclined section connecting the first parallel section and the second parallel section;
wherein when the cover is located at the closed position, the guide pin is located within the first parallel section; when the cover is located at the intermediate position and the opened position, the guide pin is located within the second parallel section.

US Pat. No. 10,365,485

DISPLAY DEVICE FOR VEHICLE AND VEHICLE

YAZAKI CORPORATION, Mina...

1. A display device for a vehicle, comprising:an irradiation unit configured to project a first display light onto a reflection member through a single opening formed in an instrument panel of the vehicle, the opening facing the reflection member, and the irradiation unit configured to display information to a driver, the opening being defined by inner side surfaces of the instrument panel; and
a display section configured to display information to the driver and disposed on a first inner side surface, the first inner side surface being one of the inner side surfaces of the instrument panel defining the opening formed in the instrument panel, the display section being disposed such that the driver views the display section through the opening formed in the instrument panel,
wherein the irradiation unit comprises:
a first display unit configured to emit the first display light, and
a mirror configured to reflect the first display light emitted from the first display unit toward the reflection member and project the first display light onto the reflection member, and
wherein the display section comprises a second display unit configured to emit a second display light, the second display unit being separate from the first display unit.

US Pat. No. 10,365,484

HEAD-UP DISPLAY DEVICE

Konica Minolta, Inc., To...

1. A head-up display device comprising:an image generator that emits light; and
a display member comprising:
a projection surface onto which the light is projected, wherein
when the light is emitted to the projection surface, the light is reflected from the projection surface to display a real image passing through the display member and a virtual image; and
a plate material comprising:
a pair of optical surfaces, one positioned nearer to an observer side than the other, and either of which can serve as the projection surface;
an end surface connecting peripheries of the pair of optical surfaces; and
an end main surface formed at a predetermined distance from the end surface to a reference line passing through a reference point on the projection plane and being orthogonal to a tangent plane at the reference point, monotonically decreasing from the optical surface positioned nearer to the observing side to the other optical surface, in a cross-section of the display member taken along a virtual plane orthogonal to the tangent plane, passing through the reference point, and extending in a vertical direction, wherein
the tangent plane is positioned at the reference point on a line passing through a midpoint of the projection surface and extending in a horizontal direction along the projection surface,
the end main surface occupies at least 70% of the end surface in a thickness direction of the display member, and
the following formula is satisfied in the cross-section:
?e?(arcsin(nd×sin(?n??c))+arcsin(nd×sin(?2×?n??c)))/2  (1)
wherein,
?e: an angle (°) between the reference line and an intended line of sight of an observer of the head-up display device,
?n: an angle (°) between a line normal to any point on the end main surface and the reference line,
nd: a refractive index of the display member at a wavelength 555 nm, and
?c: critical angle (°)=arcsin (1/nd).

US Pat. No. 10,365,483

ADJUSTING A HEAD-UP DISPLAY (HUD) BASED ON POLARIZATION

Visteon Global Technologi...

1. A system for adjusting a heads-up display (HUD) based on polarization, comprising:a microprocessor connected to a picture generating source, wherein the microprocessor controls the picture generating source to project light onto the HUD via a combiner;
a data store comprising a non-transitory computer readable medium storing a program of instructions;
wherein the microprocessor is configured to execute the program of instructions to perform a process, the process comprising:
receiving a command to change polarization;
in response to the command, instigating a change of polarization of the light projected onto the HUD using a change of polarization of an intermediary device, wherein the change of polarization is configured to align the polarization of the projected light with a polarization of eyewear of a viewer of the HUD.

US Pat. No. 10,365,482

LIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM

Rockwell Collins, Inc., ...

1. A system for controlling light, comprising:a vehicle display including a light source configured to emit light with wavelengths having a specified spectral output; and
a light filter utilizing chromatic separation techniques applied to a substrate separate from the display, the light filter coordinated with the display to: (i) block light with wavelengths within the specified spectral output and light with wavelengths reflected off a left side or a right side of an interior of a vehicle, (ii) reduce an amount of the light with wavelengths having the specified spectral output within the vehicle, and (iii) allow light with wavelengths outside of the specified spectral output to pass through the light filter,
wherein the substrate includes a surface of a canopy mounted blast shield of an aircraft separating a first pilot from a second pilot.

US Pat. No. 10,365,481

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR AUTOMATICALLY CALIBRATING HMD DEVICE

BRILLIO LLC, Jersey City...

1. A method for calibrating a Head Mounted Display (HMD) device of a user in a vehicle, the method comprising:detecting at least one of movements of a user and movements of the vehicle while viewing content in an immersive mode;
determining whether a first calibration criteria is met and at least one second calibration criteria is met, wherein the first calibration criteria is different than the at least one second calibration criteria; and
performing one of:
determining at least one of a direction of the vehicle based on the movements of the vehicle and a position of the user based on the movements of the HMD device and dynamically calibrating the HMD device by adjusting the content based on the at least one of the position of the user and the direction of the vehicle, in response to detecting that both the first calibration criteria and the at least one second calibration criteria are met, and
dynamically calibrating the HMD device by displaying the content in a non-immersive mode in response to detecting one of both the first calibration criteria and the at least one second calibration criteria are not met, and the first calibration criteria is met but the at least one second calibration criteria is not met.

US Pat. No. 10,365,479

PROTECTION OF LASER BOND INSPECTION OPTICAL COMPONENTS

LSP Technologies, Inc., ...

1. An optic comprising:a first surface and a second surface opposite each other, the first surface and the second surface each having a transparent central portion configured to pass a laser beam;
a wicking material to support a transparent liquid within the transparent central portion on the first surface, wherein the wicking material is one of secured to the first surface of the optic by an adhesive and integrated into the optic, wherein the wicking material at the first surface is located outside the transparent central portion of the first surface at a periphery of the transparent central portion of the first surface; and
wherein the wicking material is configured to draw the transparent liquid from the transparent central portion of the first surface toward the periphery of the first surface and cause the transparent liquid to form in a substantially flat film on the transparent central portion.

US Pat. No. 10,365,477

REFLECTIVE DEVICE TO SCAN LIGHT TO PROJECT AN IMAGE ON A DISPLAY SURFACE

North Inc., Kitchener, O...

1. A reflective device comprising:a movable element to oscillate about at least one oscillation axis, the movable element comprising:
a substrate having a reflective layer provided on an upper surface of the substrate to scan light as the movable element oscillates; and
one or more arms coupled to the reflective layer;
one or more holder elements coupled to the one or more arms of the movable element to hold the movable element, the one or more holder elements comprising a region to receive at least a portion of the movable element as the movable element oscillates; and
a plurality of coils embedded within the substrate and embedded in at least a portion of the one or more arms, the plurality of coils to co-operate with a magnetic field to effect oscillation of the movable element, the plurality of coils completely embedded in an upper half of the substrate, below the reflective layer, and extending to a depth within the substrate from the upper surface of the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,365,475

OSCILLATING STRUCTURE WITH PIEZOELECTRIC ACTUATION, SYSTEM AND MANUFACTURING METHOD

STMicroelectronics S.r.l....

1. An oscillating structure with piezoelectric actuation, comprising:a first torsional elastic element and a second torsional elastic element constrained to respective portions of a fixed supporting body and defining an axis of rotation;
a mobile element arranged between, and connected to, said first and second torsional elastic elements, the mobile element being rotatable about the axis of rotation as a consequence of a torsion of the first and second torsional elastic elements;
wherein said mobile element comprises a central body, a first connection region between the central body and the first torsional elastic element, and a second connection region between the central body and the second torsional elastic element;
wherein each of the first and second connection regions has a constant of torsional stiffness higher than a constant of torsional stiffness of each of the first and second torsional elastic elements; and
a first control region coupled to the mobile element and housing a first piezoelectric actuator that is configured to cause, in use, a local deformation of the first control region that generates the torsion of the first and second torsional elastic elements;
wherein said first control region is fixed with respect to the first and second connection regions and separated from the central body by a first trench.

US Pat. No. 10,365,473

ELECTRO-MAGNETIC ACTUATION ROTATIONAL ADAPTIVE MIRROR

King Fahd University of P...

1. A mirror, comprising:a reflective film including a flexible polymer with a reflective coating, wherein the reflective film is bendable up to 100% as measured as a ratio of reflective film edge displacement to the distance to the center of the film, wherein the reflective film edge displacement is measured relative to a flat reflective film profile;
at least one magnet attached to the reflective film;
a motor configured to rotate the reflective film about the center of the reflective film, wherein the reflective film is secured to the motor; and
at least one electromagnet displaced proximal to the at least one magnet attached to the reflective film, wherein the at least one electromagnet is configured to receive an applied voltage.

US Pat. No. 10,365,472

ELECTROWETTING DISPLAY DEVICE HAVING INCREASED VIEWING PERFORMANCE

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. An electrowetting display device, comprising:a first support plate and a second support plate;
an electrowetting pixel region between the first support plate and the second support plate, the electrowetting pixel region comprising a red sub-pixel, a green sub-pixel, a blue sub-pixel and a white sub-pixel, a perimeter of a display surface area of each of the red sub-pixel, the green sub-pixel, the blue sub-pixel and the white sub-pixel determined by one or more walls; and
a reflective layer in the electrowetting pixel region, the reflective layer having a plane comprising the display surface area of each of the red sub-pixel, the green sub-pixel, the blue sub-pixel and the white sub-pixel, the reflective layer comprising:
a plurality of planar specular reflectors, a corresponding planar specular reflector of the plurality of planar specular reflectors within each of the red sub-pixel, the green sub-pixel, and the blue sub-pixel, wherein a corresponding reflective surface of the corresponding planar specular reflector is closest to the corresponding display surface area, and is at least substantially the same size as the corresponding display surface area of each of the red sub-pixel, the green sub-pixel, and the blue sub-pixel;
an additional planar specular reflector of the plurality of planar specular reflectors within a first portion of the white sub-pixel, a reflective surface of the additional planar specular reflector smaller than the display surface area of the white sub-pixel; and
a planar diffuse reflector within a second portion of the white sub-pixel and coplanar with the additional planar specular reflector, wherein the display surface area of the white sub-pixel covers the additional planar specular reflector in the first portion and the planar diffuse reflector in the second portion.

US Pat. No. 10,365,470

ENDOSCOPE HAVING A LATERAL DIRECTION OF VIEW

1. An endoscope comprising:an endoscope shaft, which has an outer tube and an inner tube rotatable relative to each other, the outer tube radially surrounding the inner tube;
a first optical assembly disposed in a distal region of the endoscope shaft, the first optical assembly being one or more of accommodated in the outer tube and operated by the outer tube;
a second optical assembly disposed in the distal region of the endoscope shaft, the second optical assembly being accommodated in the inner tube;
an axial bearing arranged between the outer tube and the inner tube in a proximal region of the endoscope shaft wherein the axial bearing includes an outer ring associated with the outer tube and an inner ring associated with the inner tube, the axial bearing being configured to restrict relative movement of the first and second optical assemblies in an axial direction of the endoscope shaft;
a radial bearing arranged between the inner tube and the outer tube in the distal region of the endoscope shaft, the radial bearing being configured to restrict relative movement of the first and second optical assemblies relative to each other in a radial direction of the endoscope shaft; and
a fixing device for the axial bearing, the fixing device including a first elastomer body provided for the outer ring of the axial bearing and a second elastomer body provided for the inner ring of the axial bearing.

US Pat. No. 10,365,469

TELESCOPE WITH LENS AND EYEPIECE MODULE

Swarovski-Optik KG., (AT...

1. A telescope comprising:a lens module having a first connection interface, wherein the lens module comprises a first casing and an objective lens system mounted within the first casing;
an eyepiece module having a second connection interface, wherein the eyepiece module comprises a second casing and an eyepiece optical system mounted within the second casing;
an optical unit configured to change image magnification; and
a reversing unit configured to reverse an image,
wherein the first connection interface and the second connection interface are configured to connect the lens module and the eyepiece module,
wherein the first connection interface is formed by an end section of the first casing and the second connection interface is formed by an end section of the second casing, and
wherein the optical unit and the reversing unit are arranged within the second casing.

US Pat. No. 10,365,465

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR QUANTITATIVE PHASE-GRADIENT CHIRPED-WAVELENGTH-ENCODED OPTICAL IMAGING

Versitech Limited, Hong ...

1. An apparatus for optically imaging a sample, comprising:a light source;
means for obtaining gradient phase contrast information about the sample using the light source;
means for spectrally encoding the gradient phase contrast information;
means for performing passive gradient phase-encoded signal multiplexing;
a memory for storing multiplexed signals; and
means for performing digital signal de-multiplexing and quantitative phase image reconstruction, thereby improving the speed and contrast with which the apparatus optically images the sample.

US Pat. No. 10,365,464

EXTENDING OPTICAL MICROSCOPES TO PROVIDE SELECTIVE PLANE ILLUMINATION MICROSCOPY

1. A system for converting a vertical optical microscope unit to provide selective plane illumination microscopy, comprising:an illumination source unit configured to generate a light sheet along a longitudinal axis to illuminate a sample placed in a vertical optical detection axis of the vertical optical microscope unit, wherein the illumination source unit is configured to generate the light sheet along the longitudinal axis that is substantially perpendicular to the vertical optical detection axis of the vertical optical microscope unit and the illumination source unit is configured to produce an excitation at a plane in the sample that generates fluorescent emissions;
wherein a detection sensor is placed in a selective plane illumination microscopy detection optical path of the vertical optical detection axis of the vertical optical microscope unit, and the detection sensor is configured to detect the fluorescent emissions to provide the selective plane illumination microscopy; and
wherein the vertical optical microscope unit is removable from the illumination source unit to function as a standalone optical microscope, and the vertical optical microscope unit includes a detection objective configured to be utilized both in the selective plane illumination microscopy detection optical path to observe the fluorescent emissions and in a detection optical path of the standalone optical microscope without the fluorescent emissions.

US Pat. No. 10,365,463

REFLECTORS FOR SOLAR THERMAL SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR PRODUCING SAME

THYSSENKRUPP STEEL EUROPE...

1. A reflector for a helio-thermal system, the reflector comprising:a metallic carrier plate comprising a sandwich plate including an upper metallic cover plate, a lower metallic cover plate, and at least one non-metallic intermediate layer disposed between the upper and lower metallic cover plates, wherein the upper metallic cover plate includes a smoothed surface having an arithmetic mean surface parameter (Ra) of less than 0.03 ?m, and wherein the upper metallic cover plate comprises steel;
a reflective coating disposed on the carrier plate, the reflective coating including at least one metallic reflective layer and at least one protective layer that is disposed on the at least one metallic reflective layer, wherein the at least one metallic reflective layer is disposed on the smoothed surface of the upper metallic cover plate.

US Pat. No. 10,365,461

CAMERA OPTICAL LENS

AAC TECHNOLOGIES PTE. LTD...

1. A camera optical lens comprising, from an object side to an image side in sequence: a first lens, a second lens, a third lens, a fourth lens, a fifth lens, a sixth lens and a seventh lens;wherein the camera optical lens further satisfies the following conditions:
?10?f1/f??3.1;
1.8?f6/f7?10;
1.7?n4?2.2;
1.7?n5?2.2; and
?10?(R1+R2)/(R1?R2)?0.8;
where
f: the focal length of the camera optical lens;
f1: the focal length of the first lens;
f6: the focal length of the sixth lens;
f7: the focal length of the seventh lens;
n4: the refractive index of the fourth lens;
n5: the refractive index of the fifth lens;
R1: the curvature radius of object side surface of the first lens;
R2: the curvature radius of image side surface of the first lens.

US Pat. No. 10,365,460

PHOTOGRAPHING LENS ASSEMBLY, IMAGE CAPTURING UNIT AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

LARGAN Precision Co., Ltd...

1. A photographing lens assembly comprising seven lens elements, the seven lens elements being, in order from an object side to an image side, a first lens element, a second lens element, a third lens element, a fourth lens element, a fifth lens element, a sixth lens element and a seventh lens element, the second lens element having positive refractive power, the seventh lens element having an image-side surface being concave in a paraxial region thereof, and the image-side surface of the seventh lens element having at least one convex shape in an off-axis region thereof;wherein a focal length of the photographing lens assembly is f, a curvature radius of an object-side surface of the second lens element is R3, a curvature radius of an image-side surface of the second lens element is R4, a curvature radius of an object-side surface of the sixth lens element is R11, a curvature radius of an image-side surface of the sixth lens element is R12, an axial distance between an object-side surface of the first lens element and an image surface is TL, an entrance pupil diameter of the photographing lens assembly is EPD, an axial distance between the sixth lens element and the seventh lens element is T67, and the following conditions are satisfied:
|f/R11|+|f/R12|<0.95;
(R3+R4)/(R3?R4)<1.80;
TL/EPD<2.80; and
2.0

US Pat. No. 10,365,459

IMAGING OPTICAL LENS ASSEMBLY, IMAGE CAPTURING UNIT AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

LARGAN PRECISION CO., LTD...

1. An imaging optical lens assembly comprising six lens elements, the six lens elements being, in order from an object side to an image side, a first lens element, a second lens element, a third lens element, a fourth lens element, a fifth lens element and a sixth lens element;wherein the first lens element has negative refractive power, the second lens element has negative refractive power, the third lens element has negative refractive power, the third lens element has an object-side surface being concave in a paraxial region thereof, and the imaging optical lens assembly has a total of six lens elements;
wherein a focal length of the imaging optical lens assembly is f, a focal length of the first lens element is f1, a focal length of the second lens element is f2, a focal length of the third lens element is f3, a focal length of the fourth lens element is f4, a focal length of the fifth lens element is f5, a focal length of the sixth lens element is f6, a focal length of the i-th lens element is fi, a sum of absolute values of ratios f/fi is ?|f/fi|, a curvature radius of the object-side surface of the third lens element is R5, a curvature radius of an image-side surface of the third lens element is R6, and the following conditions are satisfied:
2.47 ?4.0<(R5+R6)/(R5?R6)<0.65.

US Pat. No. 10,365,458

OPTICAL IMAGING SYSTEM

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. An optical imaging system comprising:a first lens comprising a positive refractive power, a second lens comprising a negative refractive power, a third lens comprising a refractive power, a fourth lens comprising a positive refractive power, a fifth lens comprising a negative refractive power, a sixth lens comprising a refractive power, a seventh lens comprising a refractive power, and an eighth lens comprising a refractive power, sequentially disposed from an object side to an imaging plane,
wherein BFL/f<0.15, where BFL represents a distance from an image-side surface of the eighth lens to an imaging plane of an image sensor and f represents an overall focal length of an optical system including the first to eighth lenses.

US Pat. No. 10,365,457

OPTICAL IMAGING LENS

GENIUS ELECTRONIC OPTICAL...

1. An optical imaging lens, comprising a first lens element, a second lens element, a third lens element, a fourth lens element, a fifth lens element, a sixth lens element, and a seventh lens element arranged in sequence from an object side to an image side along an optical axis, each of the first lens element to the seventh lens element comprising an object-side surface facing the object side and allowing imaging rays to pass through and an image-side surface facing the image side and allowing the imaging rays to pass through, whereinthe first lens element has positive refracting power, and the image-side surface of the first lens element has a concave portion in a vicinity of a periphery of the first lens element;
the third lens element has negative refracting power, and the image-side surface of the third lens element has a concave portion in a vicinity of a periphery of the third lens element;
at least one of the object-side surface and the image-side surface of the fourth lens element is an aspheric surface;
at least one of the object-side surface and the image-side surface of the fifth lens element is an aspheric surface;
the sixth lens element has positive refracting power; and
the image-side surface of the seventh lens element has a concave portion in a vicinity of the optical axis;
wherein the optical imaging lens satisfies:
(T6+G67+T7)/(T1+T4)?1.65, and
V3?35.00,
T1 is a thickness of the first lens element along the optical axis, T4 is a thickness of the fourth lens element along the optical axis, T6 is a thickness of the sixth lens element along the optical axis, T7 is a thickness of the seventh lens element along the optical axis, G67 an air gap from the sixth lens element to the seventh lens element along the optical axis, and V3 is an Abbe number of the third lens element; and
lens elements having refracting power of the optical imaging lens are only the first lens element to the seventh lens element.

US Pat. No. 10,365,456

LENS MODULE

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. A lens module comprising:a first lens having a positive refractive power, an image-side surface of the first lens being concave;
a second lens having a negative refractive power;
a third lens having a positive refractive power;
a fourth lens having a refractive power;
a fifth lens having a refractive power;
a sixth lens having a refractive power; and
a seventh lens having a negative refractive power, an image-side surface of the seventh lens having one or more inflection points,
wherein the first lens, the second lens, the third lens, the fourth lens, the fifth lens, the sixth lens, and the seventh lens are disposed in a sequential order from the first lens to the seventh lens,
an object-side surface of the fourth lens is concave,
an object-side surface of the fifth lens is concave,
an image-side surface of the sixth lens is concave, or an object-side surface of the seventh lens is convex, or both an image-side surface of the sixth lens is concave and an object-side surface of the seventh lens is convex,
an image-side surface of the fourth lens is convex, and
an object-side surface of the third lens is convex.

US Pat. No. 10,365,455

OPTICAL SYSTEM

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. An optical system comprising:a first lens having positive refractive power;
a second lens having negative refractive power and a convex object-side surface;
a third lens having positive refractive power and a convex image-side surface;
a fourth lens having negative refractive power;
a fifth lens having refractive power and a concave image-side surface in the paraxial region;
a sixth lens having refractive power and a convex object-side surface; and
wherein the first to sixth lenses are sequentially disposed from an object side, and
wherein an overall focal length of the optical system f and a focal length of the fifth lens f5 satisfy:
0.2<|f/f5|<0.4, and
wherein the focal length of the fifth lens f5 and a focal length of the sixth lens f6 satisfy:
0.3<|f/f5|+|f/f6|<0.6.

US Pat. No. 10,365,454

ZOOM LENS AND IMAGING APPARATUS

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A zoom lens consisting of, in order from an object side:a first lens group that remains stationary with respect to an image plane during zooming and has a positive refractive power;
two or three movable lens groups that are moved by changing distances between the movable lens groups and adjacent groups in a direction of an optical axis during zooming; and
a final lens group that remains stationary with respect to the image plane during zooming and has a positive refractive power,
wherein the final lens group consists of, in order from the object side, a front group and a rear group separated by an air distance from the front group,
wherein the front group has, successively in order from a position closest to the object side, two or less positive lenses and one first front group negative lens, and a second front group negative lens that is different from the first front group negative lens at a position closest to an image side and is concave toward the image side,
wherein a stop is provided between the movable lens group adjacent to the final lens group and the first front group negative lens,
wherein the rear group consists of a positive lens and a rear group negative meniscus lens that is convex toward the image side,
wherein assuming that a distance on an optical axis from an image side surface of the first front group negative lens to an image side surface of the second front group negative lens is D1n and a distance on the optical axis from a surface closest to the object side to a surface closest to the image side in the front group is D1, Conditional Expression (1) is satisfied,
0.1 wherein assuming that a focal length of the final lens group is fR and a focal length of the front group is fR1, Conditional Expression (3) is satisfied,
0.1

US Pat. No. 10,365,453

OPTICAL DEVICE AND OPTICAL APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An optical device comprising:first and second optical elements formed of mutually different materials; and
a bonding member bonding the first and second optical elements to each other,
wherein the following conditional expressions are satisfied:
0.14 ?6.0 ?6.0

US Pat. No. 10,365,452

ACTUATOR OF CAMERA MODULE

Samsung Electro-Mechanics...

1. An actuator of a camera module, comprising:a shape memory alloy (SMA) wire group comprising first SMA wires driving a first lens module and second SMA wires driving a second lens module; and
a driver configured to drive a pair of SMA wires driving different lens modules of the first and the second lens modules among the first and the second SMA wires during a same function, and configured to sequentially provide driving signals to wires driving one of the first lens module and the second lens module in one time period.

US Pat. No. 10,365,451

LENS ARRAY AND CAMERA MODULE INCLUDING SAME

LG INNOTEK CO., LTD., Se...

1. A lens array, comprising:a plurality of lenses arranged in an optical-axis direction between an object side and an image side;
a first spacer disposed between the lenses and having an inner width and an outer width, wherein the inner width is smaller than the outer width, first and second lenses of the plurality of lenses being side by side in the optical-axis direction and having different widths; and
an elastic member disposed between the first spacer and at least one of the first and second lenses wherein the elastic member includes a first elastic member and a second elastic member, and
wherein the first elastic member is attached to the inner width of the first spacer and the second elastic member is attached to the outer width of the first spacer.

US Pat. No. 10,365,450

AUTO-CENTERING OF AN OPTICAL ELEMENT WITHIN A BARREL

1. An optical assembly, comprising:a barrel defining a cavity having a center axis, the barrel comprising a seat located within said cavity, the barrel having an inner wall provided with a set of barrel threads;
a lens mounted in the cavity and having opposite first and second surfaces, the first surface engaging the seat of the barrel;
a retaining ring having an outer perimeter provided with a set of ring threads complementary to the barrel threads, the retaining ring being screwed within the cavity and having an abutment engaging the second surface of the lens, thereby securing the lens between the seat of the barrel and the retaining ring;
wherein the barrel threads and the ring threads have a non-standard thread angle providing an auto-centering of the lens with respect to the center axis of the cavity within a precision better than 5 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,365,449

MODULAR FIBER FRAME

1. A modular fiber frame, comprising:a frame body having a front side a back side, and a generally rectangular shape;
a high density connection module attached to the frame body;
a splitter bracket disposed on the front side of the frame body and configured to hold a plurality of optical splitter modules outside the high density connection module, wherein all connections to the plurality of optical splitter modules are made on the front side of the modular fiber frame; and
a preterminated cable harness optically connected to a back of the high density connection module, wherein the high density connection module includes a protective cover over at least a portion of said preterminated cable harness, and wherein at least a portion of the preterminated cable harness is arranged between the protective cover and the back of the high density connection module.

US Pat. No. 10,365,446

OPTICAL MODULE STRUCTURE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An optical module structure comprising:a main substrate,
an interposer substrate electrically connected to the main substrate via a first protruding electrode;
a first communication LSI electrically connected to the interposer substrate via a second protruding electrode;
an IC element electrically connected to the interposer substrate via a lateral-surface connection terminal of the interposer substrate and via a third protruding electrode;
an Si bench substrate electrically connected to the IC element via a fourth protruding electrode and via a lateral-surface connection terminal of the Si bench substrate;
an optical element electrically connected to the Si bench substrate via a fifth protruding electrode; and
an optical fiber optically connected via an optical waveguide formed on the Si bench substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,365,445

OPTICAL MODULES INTEGRATED INTO AN IC PACKAGE OF A NETWORK SWITCH HAVING ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS EXTEND ON DIFFERENT PLANES

Mellanox Technologies, Lt...

1. An apparatus, comprising:an Integrated Circuit (IC), which is mounted on a substrate and is configured to exchange one or more communication signals with one or more electro-optical transducers, and to exchange one or more control signals with external circuitry; and
an array of electrical interconnections soldered to the IC, the array comprising:
first electrical connections, which extend on a plane parallel to the substrate, and are configured to conduct the communication signals; and
second electrical connections, which extend on one or more planes not parallel to the substrate, and are configured to conduct the control signals.

US Pat. No. 10,365,444

OPTICAL RECEPTACLE AND OPTICAL MODULE

Enplas Corporation, Sait...

1. An optical receptacle configured to be disposed between a photoelectric conversion device and one or more optical transmission members, the photoelectric conversion device including one or more photoelectric conversion elements and one or more detecting elements for monitoring emittance light emitted from the photoelectric conversion element, the optical receptacle being used for optically coupling a photoelectric conversion element of the one or more photoelectric conversion elements and an end surface of an optical transmission member of the one or more optical transmission members, the optical receptacle comprising:one or more first optical surfaces that allow emittance light emitted from the photoelectric conversion element to be incident on a first optical surface of the one or more first optical surfaces, or that cause reception light emitted from the end surface of the optical transmission member and passing through inside to be emitted toward the photoelectric conversion element;
one or more second optical surfaces that cause emittance light incident on the first optical surface to be emitted toward the end surface of the optical transmission member, or allow reception light emitted from the end surface of the optical transmission member to be incident on a second optical surface of the one or more second optical surfaces;
a light separating section disposed on an optical path of light between the first optical surface and the second optical surface, the light separating section separating emittance light incident on the first optical surface into monitoring light and signal light directed toward the end surface of the optical transmission member, or the light separating section causing at least one part of reception light incident on the second optical surface to be reflected toward the first optical surface side;
a reflecting surface that internally reflects monitoring light separated by the light separating section; and
one or more third optical surfaces that cause the monitoring light reflected by the reflecting surface to be emitted toward the detecting element;
wherein:
the light separating section includes a plurality of separating units that each include: a first divided reflecting surface that is an inclining surface with respect to an optical axis of emittance light incident on the first optical surface, and a second divided reflecting surface that is an inclining surface inclined at a different angle to the first divided reflecting surface with respect to the optical axis of the emittance light;
the first divided reflecting surface internally reflects a part of emittance light incident on the first optical surface toward the second optical surface side as the signal light, or internally reflects a part of reception light incident on the second optical surface toward the first optical surface side;
the second divided reflecting surface internally reflects a part of emittance light incident on the first optical surface toward the reflecting surface side as the monitoring light; and
an entire optical path between the first optical surface, the light separating section and the second optical surface is located inside the optical receptacle.

US Pat. No. 10,365,443

CONNECTOR, RECEPTACLE, AND PLUG

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A connector comprising:a receptacle connectable to a conventional plug being compliant with a high definition multimedia interface (HDMI) specification; and
a plug connectable to the receptacle,
wherein the receptacle includes
a tubular body forming a holding space that enables insertion of the conventional plug,
a first recessed part forming a space that narrows heading from the holding space in an insertion direction of the plug, and
a first transmission body having, as an end of an optical transmission line, a first end that is disposed to be exposed to the inserted plug, and
the plug includes
an insertion part shaped to be insertable into the tubular body,
a first projection projecting from the insertion part in the insertion direction, the first projection being capable of fitting into the first recessed part, and
a second transmission body having, as an end of an optical transmission line, a second end that is disposed to face the first end.

US Pat. No. 10,365,442

OPTICAL HOUSING FOR HIGH POWER FIBER COMPONENTS

NATIONAL CHUNG SHAN INSTI...

1. An optical housing for high power fiber components, comprising:an upper cover having a light-reflecting portion;
a lower base connected with the upper cover, the lower base having a light-receiving portion corresponding to the light-reflecting portion, wherein the light-reflecting portion and the light-receiving portion form an accommodating space for accommodating an optical fiber, the light-reflecting portion receives and reflects leakage light of the optical fiber and the light-receiving portion receives the light from the light-reflecting portion; and
two isolating members disposed between the upper cover and the lower base, the isolating members being located on two sides of the optical housing to prevent the leakage of light from the optical housing;
wherein a cross section of the light-reflecting portion is parabolic, and a focus of the light-reflecting portion is located at the accommodating space;
wherein the two isolating members are configured to clamp two ends of the optical fiber respectively for holding the optical fiber at the focus of the light-reflecting portion and suspended between the light-reflecting portion and the light-receiving portion.

US Pat. No. 10,365,439

OPTICAL INTERCONNECT

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. An optical interconnect assembly, comprising:a plurality of first optical waveguides, each first optical waveguide comprising a first light extractor configured to extract and redirect light from the first optical waveguide, the first light extractors being staggered relative to one another;
a plurality of second optical waveguides, each second optical waveguide comprising a second light extractor configured to extract and redirect light from the second optical waveguide, the second light extractors being staggered relative to one another; and
an optical coupler comprising a light redirecting prism and configured to couple light extracted by the first light extractor of each first optical waveguide to a corresponding second optical waveguide through the second light extractor of the second optical waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,365,438

BACKLIGHT UNIT, LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME

BOE Technology Group Co.,...

1. A backlight unit, comprising:a backlight source and a diffraction grating provided on the backlight source;
wherein each of monochromatic light emitting units in the backlight source corresponds to N grating patterns on the diffraction grating, where N is a natural number greater than 1, wherein the diffraction grating is a sinusoidal phase grating, if its inclination angle is ?G, its grating constant is ?, its grating length is L, its thickness is d, its complex amplitude projection coefficient is:

where q represents the diffraction order of the diffraction grating, Jq represents the first class Bessel function of order q; u=1/? represents the spatial frequency of the grating; rq=(?q, ?q, ?q) represents the directional cosine of the emitting light; the intensity of the emitting light is modulated by v=2??nd/?, ?n represents the refractive index of the grating, ? represents the wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,365,437

FUSION SPLICER

FURUKAWA ELECTRIC CO., LT...

1. A fusion splicer for fusion-splicing tip ends of two optical fibers that are arranged facing each other, the fusion splicer comprising:a first rotating electric motor;
a first gear that includes a first eccentric cam unit and rotates when driven to rotate by the first rotating electric motor;
a first rotating member that includes:
a first main body unit having a first abutting surface abutting on the first eccentric cam unit;
a first arm unit that is provided so as to extend from the first main body unit and is rotatably supported by a main base of the fusion splicer, around an axis in parallel with a rotational axis of the first gear; and
a second arm unit that is provided so as to extend from the first main body unit toward a direction different from that of the first arm unit;
a second rotating electric motor;
a second gear that includes a second eccentric cam unit and rotates when driven to rotate by the second rotating electric motor; and
a second rotating member that includes:
a second main body unit having a second abutting surface abutting on the second eccentric cam unit;
a third arm unit that is provided so as to extend from the second main body unit and that is rotatably supported by the second arm unit around an axis in parallel with a rotational axis of the second gear as well as a rotational axis of the second arm unit;
a fourth arm unit that is provided so as to extend from the second main body unit toward a direction different from that of the third arm unit; and
a placing unit that is provided at a tip end of the fourth arm unit and on which a groove for receiving one of the optical fibers is formed.

US Pat. No. 10,365,436

COPACKAGING OF ASIC AND SILICON PHOTONICS

Rockley Photonics Limited...

1. A module, comprising:a substrate comprising a plurality of conductive traces and a first plurality of contacts, each contact being electrically connected to a corresponding conductive trace of the plurality of conductive traces;
an electronic integrated circuit having a top surface and a bottom surface, and comprising:
a second plurality of contacts on a first portion of a bottom surface of the electronic integrated circuit;
a third plurality of contacts on a second portion of the bottom surface of the electronic integrated circuit at a left edge of the electronic integrated circuit; and
a fourth plurality of contacts on a third portion of the bottom surface of the electronic integrated circuit at a right edge of the electronic integrated circuit, opposite the left edge,
each of the contacts of the second plurality of contacts being vertically aligned with and connected to a corresponding contact of the first plurality of contacts,
wherein:
the second portion of the bottom surface overhangs a first edge of the substrate, and
the third portion of the bottom surface overhangs a second edge of the substrate,
wherein each of the third plurality of contacts is a wire bond pad, and the module further comprises:
a first plurality of photonic integrated circuit assemblies, each of the first plurality of photonic integrated circuit assemblies having a wire bond pad adjacent to a contact of the third plurality of contacts;
a first plurality of wire bonds, each of the wire bonds connecting a wire bond pad of a photonic integrated circuit assembly of the first plurality of photonic integrated circuit assemblies to a contact of the third plurality of contacts;
a second plurality of photonic integrated circuit assemblies, each of the second plurality of photonic integrated circuit assemblies having a wire bond pad adjacent to a contact of the fourth plurality of contacts; and
a second plurality of wire bonds, each of the wire bonds connecting a wire bond pad of a photonic integrated circuit assembly of the second plurality of photonic integrated circuit assemblies to a contact of the fourth plurality of contacts,
wherein each of the first plurality of photonic integrated circuit assemblies is to the left of the left edge of the electronic integrated circuit and each of the second plurality of photonic integrated circuit assemblies is to the right of the right edge of the electronic integrated circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,365,435

SURFACE GRATINGS, PHOTONICS CIRCUIT, AND METHOD FOR WAFER-LEVEL TESTING THEREOF

INPHI CORPORATION, Santa...

1. A surface grating coupler for polarization splitting comprising:a planar layer;
an array of scattering elements arranged in a portion of the planar layer at a plurality of intersections of a first set of concentric elliptical curves crossing with a second set of concentric elliptical curves rotated proximately 90 degrees to form a two-dimensional (2D) grating;
a first extra grating formed in the planar layer outside a first concave side of the 2D grating;
a second extra grating formed in the planar layer outside a second concave side of the 2D grating;
a first waveguide formed in the same planar layer connecting a first convex side of the 2D grating to a first output port, the first convex side being opposite to the first concave side; and
a second waveguide formed in the same planar layer connecting a second convex side of the 2D grating to a second output port, the second convex side being opposite to the second concave side.

US Pat. No. 10,365,434

INTEGRATED TARGET WAVEGUIDE DEVICES AND SYSTEMS FOR OPTICAL COUPLING

Pacific Biosciences of Ca...

1. An optical analytical system comprising:an optical source; and
an integrated target waveguide device comprising
a low numerical aperture optical coupler of at least 100 ?m2 in size; and
an integrated waveguide optically coupled to the optical coupler;
wherein the optical source provides light of wavelength in the range from 400 nm to 700 nm;
wherein the optical source is optically coupled to the optical coupler of the target waveguide device through free space at a distance of at least 1 mm, and
wherein the integrated target waveguide device is removeable.

US Pat. No. 10,365,433

TAPERED OPTICAL WAVEGUIDES

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. An apparatus comprising an optical rib waveguide on a substrate, the optical rib waveguide comprising:a slab layer of silicon;
a shallow rib of silicon that tapers laterally along a lateral taper region;
a deep rib of silicon that extends along the lateral taper region of the shallow rib, and wherein at least a portion of the deep rib and the shallow rib have a same width, and wherein the shallow rib has a greater height than the deep rib;
a core of silicon that tapers laterally in a range of 50-90% and extends on top of the deep rib and the shallow rib; and
a cladding layer of silicon oxide that covers the slab, core, deep rib, and shallow rib.

US Pat. No. 10,365,429

MULTICORE FIBER AND OPTICAL CABLE

FUJIKURA LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A multicore fiber comprising:three or more cores that transmit in single-mode transmission;
a common clad that covers a periphery of the three or more cores; and
a low-refractive index portion that has a refractive index lower than a refractive index of the clad,
wherein
the multicore fiber includes two or more regions,
the three or more cores are arranged annularly in a cross-section perpendicular to a longitudinal direction,
each of the three or more cores is disposed in one of the two or more regions,
a plurality of cores of the three or more cores in a same region are coupled cores,
transmission modes are mutually independent of each other between the regions, and
at least a portion of the low-refractive index portion is arranged inside a minimum inscribed circle of two adjacent cores within the same region.

US Pat. No. 10,365,428

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE, IMAGE READING DEVICE, AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

FUJI XEROX CO., LTD., To...

1. A light emitting device comprising:at least one light-guide member that extends in one direction and that is fixed to a housing in such a manner as to be capable of expanding and contracting in the one direction;
at least one light emitting element that is disposed in such a manner as to face an end surface of the light-guide member and that radiates light onto the end surface of the light-guide member;
a rigid board that is disposed such that the light emitting element is interposed between the rigid board and the light-guide member and on which the light emitting element is mounted, the rigid board being movable in the one direction with respect to the housing; and
a pressing member that presses the light emitting element against the end surface of the light-guide member via the rigid board.

US Pat. No. 10,365,426

DIRECTIONAL BACKLIGHT

RealD Spark, LLC, Beverl...

1. A directional illumination apparatus, comprising:at least two optical valves for guiding light, wherein each optical valve further comprises:
a first light guiding surface, wherein the first light guiding surface is substantially planar; and
a second light guiding surface, opposite the first light guiding surface, further comprising a plurality of guiding features and a plurality of extraction features,
wherein the plurality of extraction features are operable to allow light to pass with substantially low loss when the light is propagating in a first direction;
wherein the plurality of extraction features are oriented to cooperate with light sources to direct illumination light provided from different light sources along different directions, wherein different directions comprise at least different angular directions, and wherein at least one of the optical valves has a nonuniform thickness between the light guiding surfaces, and
wherein the optical valves are arranged in a stacked configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,365,425

OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE CROSSING STRUCTURE

International Business Ma...

1. A method for fabricating an optical waveguide crossing structure, the method comprising:preparing a plate structure including a crossing part array and a guiding part array, each crossing part of the crossing part array being arranged at a gap from a plurality of guiding parts of the guiding part array, the crossing part array and the guiding part array having a refractive index substantially similar to a refractive index of a waveguide core;
preparing a waveguide structure including a first waveguide core array, a second waveguide core array and a tank, the tank being formed by removing a crossing region of the first waveguide core array and the second waveguide core array;
injecting an underfill into the tank, the underfill having a refractive index substantially similar to a refractive index of a cladding;
depositing the plate structure on the waveguide structure so that the crossing part array and the guiding part array are inserted in the tank; and
curing the underfill.

US Pat. No. 10,365,424

LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A liquid crystal display device comprising:a liquid crystal display panel for displaying;
a light guide plate arranged behind the liquid crystal display panel and including a main surface and a side surface;
a light source including a front side surface opposed to the side surface;
a frame including an inner side opposed to the side surface; and
an optical sheet disposed between the liquid crystal display panel and the light guide plate,
wherein light is emitted from the front side of the light source, input into the light guide plate through the side surface, and output from the main surface,
the optical sheet extends from the light guide plate to the inner side of the frame,
the inner side of the frame has a plurality of protruding portions, and
the optical sheet overlaps the plurality of protruding portions.

US Pat. No. 10,365,423

LIGHT GUIDE BODY COMPRISING AN INJECTION-MOULDED MAT AND LIGHT CHANNELS

1. A light guide mat for the production of a block- or cuboid-shaped light guide body, which mat is arranged in a casting mold and can be sealed in a pourable, curable casting compound, wherein the light guide mat consists at least to some extent of a light-conducting plastic, and light guide elements consisting of an at least partially light-conducting plastic are integrally formed on said light guide mat, one of the end faces of the light guide elements being formed as light-emitting surfaces on the upper face of the light guide body, and at least longitudinal struts of the light guide mat are formed as light channels for receiving point-like, light-generating elements, wherein the light channels are integrally formed on the face of the light guide element near to the bottom, wherein the light guide mat consists of longitudinal and transverse struts connected to one another in the form of a grid, and the profiled light guide elements are integrally formed at the point of intersection of the longitudinal and transverse struts, and the light-generating elements are designed as LED elements, which are arranged on a mounting bar which is held in the light channel, the mounting bar and the light channel extending longitudinally in the same direction as the longitudinal struts.

US Pat. No. 10,365,420

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING POLARIZING FILM USING ULTRASONIC VIBRATOR FOR ATOMIZING COATING SOLUTION

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A polarizing film manufacturing method comprising:(a) injecting a coating solution into a sealed chamber by atomizing the coating solution using an ultrasonic vibrator and carrying the atomized coating solution into the chamber using a carrier gas, the coating solution including a component functioning as a polarizer, wherein process (a) comprises injecting the coating solution using an ultrasonic injection method or an ultrasonic spray injection method;
(b) supplying a polyvinyl alcohol film into the chamber and dyeing outer surfaces of the polyvinyl alcohol film with the atomized coating solution in the chamber; and
(c) discharging the polyvinyl alcohol film dyed with the coating solution out of the chamber,
wherein the coating solution is injected while an ultrasonic wave of 10 Hz to 100 Hz is applied to the coating solution.

US Pat. No. 10,365,419

POLARIZING PLATE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A polarizing plate comprising:a polarizer; and
an optical element that rotates a polarization plane of polarized light emitted from the polarizer,
wherein an orientation direction on a surface of the optical element on a polarizer side is parallel to an absorption axis of the polarizer,
an orientation direction on a surface of the optical element opposite to the polarizer is perpendicular to the absorption axis of the polarizer, and
values for ?nd and a birefringence parameter RH of the optical element are in a range of a region surrounded by Point A at which ?nd is 400 nm and the birefringence parameter RH is 0 degrees, Point B at which ?nd is 400 nm and the birefringence parameter RH is ?11.6 degrees, Point C at which ?nd is 600 nm and the birefringence parameter RH is ?24.9 degrees, and Point D at which ?nd is 600 nm and the birefringence parameter R1 is 0 degrees; wherein in an orthogonal coordinate system, values for ?nd are indicated along a vertical axis and values for the birefringence parameter RH are indicated along a lateral axis; and
wherein the region refers to an area bounded by a straight line connecting Point A and Point B, a straight line connecting Point B and Point C, a straight line connecting Point C and Point D, and a straight line connecting Point D and Point A.

US Pat. No. 10,365,418

RETROREFLECTIVE SHEET, LICENSE PLATE, AND MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. A retroreflective sheet, comprisinga retroreflective layer, and
a polyurethane surface protecting layer,
wherein the surface protecting layer contains at least a reaction product of a polyol with either a polyester backbone or a polycarbonate backbone and a trifunctional or higher aliphatic isocyanate, and the glass transition temperature Tg of the surface protecting layer is 50° C. or higher, and the tan ? of the loss tangent at 120° C. is 0.1 or less;
wherein the retroreflective sheet further comprises an infrared light absorbing agent, and wherein the retroreflective layer comprises optically active regions and optically inactive regions.

US Pat. No. 10,365,417

NEAR-INFRARED CUT FILTER AND IMAGING DEVICE

AGC Inc., Chiyoda-ku (JP...

1. A near-infrared cut filter, comprising:an absorption layer and
a reflection layer,
wherein the near-infrared cut filter satisfies following requirements (1) and (3):
(1) average transmittance (R) in the wavelength range of 620 to 750 nm is 20% or less and average transmittance (G) in the wavelength range of 495 to 570 nm is 90% or more in a spectral transmittance curve at an incident angle of 0°, and the ratio (R)/(G) of the average transmittance is 0.20 or less;
and
(3) the near-infrared cut filter has a wavelength ?IRT(80) at which transmittance becomes 80%, and a wavelength ?IRT(50) at which transmittance becomes 50% in the wavelength range of 550 to 750 nm in the spectral transmittance curve at an incident angle of 0° normalized by maximum transmittance in the wavelength range of 450 to 650 nm, and the wavelengths ?IRT(80), and ?IRT(50) satisfy following formulae (a) and (b), respectively:
0??IRT(80)??T(80)?30 nm  (a),
0??IRT(50)??T(50)?35 nm  (b),where ?T(80) and ?T(50) and are wavelengths on a long wavelength side where relative visibility of 0.8 and 0.5 and is exhibited in a relative visibility curve, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,365,416

LOW-CONTRAST METASURFACES

University of Washington,...

1. An Alvarez lens, comprising:a first lens having a first low-contrast metasurface having optical activity at a first wavelength, the first low-contrast metasurface comprising;
a plurality of cylindrical posts formed from a first material and arranged on a substrate in a square pattern, wherein the plurality of cylindrical post are formed from a material having a first refractive index of 2.1 or less;
interstices between individual posts of the plurality of cylindrical post comprising an interstitial substance with a second refractive index that is 0.6 to 1.1 less than the first refractive index;
wherein the individual posts of the plurality of cylindrical posts have a diameter in a range of ? of the first wavelength to ? of the first wavelength;
wherein the plurality of cylindrical posts have a periodicity in a range of 0.4 times the first wavelength to 1.0 times the first wavelength; and
wherein the plurality of cylindrical posts have a thickness in a range of 0.5 times the first wavelength to 1.0 times the first wavelength; and
a second lens;
wherein the first lens and the second lens are arranged along an optical axis and configured such that displacement between the first lens and the second lens along a transverse axis in relation to the optical axis will produce a non-linear change in focus.

US Pat. No. 10,365,415

ARTICLES COMPRISING SELF-ASSEMBLED LAYERS COMPRISING NANOPARTICLES WITH A PHOSPHOROUS SURFACE TREATMENT

3M Innovative Properties ...

17. An article comprising a bi-layer comprising a monolayer of a polycation and a monolayer of a polyanion, wherein the polyanion comprises inorganic oxide nanoparticles comprising a phosphorous-containing surface treatment.

US Pat. No. 10,365,414

LIGHT BEAM ADJUSTING DEVICE, OPTICAL ASSEMBLY AND LIGHTING AND/OR SIGNALING APPARATUS

Valeo Lighting Hubei Tech...

1. A light beam adjusting device comprising:a light collimating portion arranged to collimate a light beam; and
a multi-focal converging portion arranged to converge the collimated light beam, the multi-focal converging portion comprising two or more converging surfaces,
wherein at least two of the two or more converging surfaces have focal points separated spatially from each other.