US Pat. No. 10,191,082

CARBON NANOTUBE PROBES AND STRUCTURES AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT

1. A scanning probe system comprising:a rigid probe subassembly configured for translation;
a tip end nanotube subassembly wherein the tip end nanotube subassembly
is mounted directly to the rigid probe subassembly without an intervening cantilever,
is configured for vibration, and
comprises a multi-wall nanotube having multiple coaxial nanotube walls of different diameters wherein at least one of the walls can slide relative to the other to provide a configuration having a stepped diameter, and wherein each of the walls has a resonant frequency different from a resonant frequency of each other of the walls; and
a motion producing means acting on all or some portions of the nanotube subassembly to induce vibration in the nanotube subassembly in a direction transverse to an axis of the multi-wall nanotube, wherein the motion producing means is operable to induce the vibration at different frequencies including the resonant frequencies of different ones of the walls.

US Pat. No. 10,191,077

DIRECTIONAL DIFFERENTIAL PRESSURE DETECTOR

1. A device for detecting a directional differential pressure between two spaces, comprising:an elongated conduit arranged to be coupled with a wall separating the two spaces, the conduit having openings at opposite ends that permit fluid flow between the two spaces through the conduit, wherein the conduit comprises a first portion and a second portion operatively engaged with one another to provide length adjustability of the conduit; and
at least one movable element disposed within the conduit adapted to be moved from one region of the conduit toward an opposing region in response to the differential pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,191,076

AIRFLOW SENSING SYSTEMS AND METHODS

Board of Trustees of the ...

1. An airflow sensing system, comprising:a first cantilever having a first beam, wherein a bluff body is formed at an end of the first beam for generating aerodynamic forces in response to an airflow;
a second cantilever having a second beam, wherein a second bluff body is formed at an end of the second beam for generating aerodynamic forces in response to the airflow;
a first piezoelectric element positioned on the first cantilever and configured to provide a first electrical signal indicative of a vibration of the first cantilever;
a second piezoelectric element positioned on the second cantilever and configured to provide a second electrical signal indicative of a vibration of the second cantilever;
a control element coupled to the first and second piezoelectric elements and configured to receive the first and second electrical signals, the control element further configured to determine, based on the first and second electrical signals, a velocity of an airflow causing each of the first and second cantilevers to vibrate;
an output device configured to provide an output based on the velocity; and
a shield positioned adjacent to the first cantilever for shielding the first beam from the airflow.

US Pat. No. 10,191,073

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PROCESSING AT LEAST ONE SAMPLE

Roche Diagnostics Operati...

1. An apparatus for processing at least one sample, the apparatus comprising:a processing chamber;
a first input for inputting at least a first vessel into the processing chamber;
a second input for inputting at least a second vessel into the processing chamber, wherein the second input is different from the first input;
a rotor, wherein the rotor is formed as a segment of a cylinder, the rotor comprising at least a first compartment located at a first angular position along the rotor cylinder for receiving the first vessel from the first input and a second compartment located at a second angular position along the rotor cylinder for receiving the second vessel from the second input;
a gripping device adapted to at least grip the first vessel and to transport the first vessel from the first input to the first compartment of the rotor; and
a pipetting device adapted to at least pipette a sample from the first vessel and/or the second vessel, wherein the rotor is rotatable at least between a first processing position, at which the first vessel is transportable to the first compartment of the rotor by the gripping device, a second processing position, at which the second vessel is loadable into the second compartment of the rotor from the second input, and a third processing position, at which the sample of the first vessel and/or the second vessel is aspiratable by the pipetting device.

US Pat. No. 10,191,072

REAGENT AND SAMPLE HANDLING DEVICE FOR AUTOMATIC TESTING SYSTEM

Abbott Laboratories, Abb...

1. An apparatus comprising:a loading platform of a diagnostic analyzer, the loading platform having a slot to receive a carrier;
a sensor to detect a presence of the carrier in the slot, the sensor including:
an arm pivotably coupled to the loading platform, the arm extending at least partially into the slot, the arm pivoted when the carrier is disposed in the slot and engages the arm; and
an optical detector to detect a position of the arm and determine a presence or absence of the carrier based on the position of the arm; and
a status indicator that provides a first display when the carrier is not present in the slot and provides a second display when the sensor detects the carrier in the slot.

US Pat. No. 10,191,061

MICROWAVE-ASSISTED HEADSPACE LIQUID-PHASE MICROEXTRACTION OF AN ANALYTE

King Fahd University of P...

1. A method for extracting an analyte in a sample comprising:microwave-heating and agitating the sample and a solution in a microwave extraction assembly comprising:
a microwave extraction vial with a bottom portion and a headspace portion and
a porous membrane bag located in the headspace portion of the microwave extraction vial, said porous membrane bag encapsulating a liquid-phase extraction medium, wherein the sample and solution are disposed in the bottom portion, the porous membrane bag does not contact the sample and the solution, the porous membrane bag and the headspace portion are also subjected to the microwave-heating, and the microwave-heating and agitating produces a vapor in the headspace portion; and
extracting the analyte from the vapor to produce a vapor extract within the liquid-phase extraction medium.

US Pat. No. 10,191,060

FUNCTIONALIZED CHROMOPHORIC POLYMER DOTS AND BIOCONJUGATES THEREOF

University of Washington,...

1. A functionalized chromophoric polymer dot (Pdot) comprising:a core and a cap, wherein said core comprises a chromophoric polymer, and said cap comprises a functionalization agent bearing one or more reactive functional groups, with the proviso that less than 100% of the cap is an organo silicate and the proviso that said cap does not encapsulate said core.

US Pat. No. 10,191,054

MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE FOR FULL BLOOD COUNT

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A microfluidic device for performing a full blood count from a whole blood sample from a finger-prick, the full blood count including measurements of white blood cell differential count, platelet count, red blood cell counts and hemoglobin, the microfluidic device comprising:a first inlet for providing the whole blood sample;
a second inlet for providing a first lysis agent to count white blood cells, the second inlet being located downstream from the first inlet and being connected to a first junction;
a third inlet for providing a quench solution, the third inlet being located downstream from the second inlet and being connected to a second junction;
a first pair of channels connected to and split from the first inlet and meeting at the first junction,
a second pair of channels connected to and split from the third inlet and meeting at the second junction;
a first snake mixing stage configured to mix the first lysis agent and the whole blood sample, the first snake mixing stage being located between the second and third inlets;
a second snake mixing stage configured to mix the quench solution and the mixture of the first lysis agent and the whole blood sample mixed at the first snake mixing stage, the second snake mixing stage being serially connected to the first snake mixing stage and located downstream from the first snake mixing stage and the third inlet, wherein an input of the first snake mixing stage is connected to the first junction, to the second inlet and to the first pair of channels, and wherein an output of the first snake mixing stage is connected to the second junction, to an input of the second snake mixing stage, and to the second pair of channels for providing the quench solution to the input of the second snake mixing stage from the second pair of channels split from the third inlet and meeting at the second junction; and
a channel for providing a second lysis agent to measure the hemoglobin, the channel including a fourth inlet located downstream from the first inlet for providing the second lysis agent into the channel to measure the hemoglobin.

US Pat. No. 10,191,044

FLUSHABLE TEST STRIP

1. A diagnostic test strip comprising:a length and a width, wherein the length is greater than the width;
a substrate layer, wherein the substrate layer comprises a material that is water-soluble or water-dispersible;
a first hydrophobic coating; and
a plurality of reaction pads wherein each of the plurality of reaction pads comprises a reagent that participates in a chemical reaction in the presence of an analyte, wherein each of the plurality of reaction pads comprise a liquid absorbent material, and wherein the first hydrophobic coating is between the first side of the substrate layer and the plurality of reaction pads,
wherein a vertical cross-section of the reaction pads comprises at least two sides that are slanted relative to a vertical axis.

US Pat. No. 10,191,042

CORE-SHELL NANOPARTICLES WITH MULTIPLE CORES AND METHOD FOR FABRICATING THEM

The Research Foundation f...

1. Core-shell nanoparticles, each core-shell nanoparticle comprising:a shell containing a gold-silver mixture;
a plurality of discrete, nonconcentric, cores containing an iron-cobalt mixture, each core being within and surrounded by said shell; and
a ligand cap over said shell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,041

DETECTION OF ANALYTES USING METAL NANOPARTICLE PROBES AND DYNAMIC LIGHT SCATTERING

University of Central Flo...

1. An assay method for the detection of an analyte, said method comprising:providing a plurality of probes, said probes comprising metal nanoparticles;
contacting a sample solution suspected of including at least one analyte with said plurality of probes to form an assay solution, wherein in a presence of said analyte, a portion of said probes in said assay solution become aggregated nanoparticles;
directing light toward said assay solution; and
obtaining dynamic light scattering (DLS) data from said assay solution using dynamic light scattering, wherein said DLS data indicates a change in average particle size and/or a change in particle size distribution when said analyte is present in said solution; and
quantifying a concentration of the analyte based on the DLS data.

US Pat. No. 10,191,031

SYSTEM AND METHODS ESTIMATION OF MECHANICAL PROPERTIES AND SIZE OF LIGHT-SCATTERING PARTICLES IN MATERIALS

The General Hospital Corp...

21. A method for determining a viscoelastic modulus of a sample with the use of an optical system, the method comprising:acquiring, with an optical detector, optical data representing time evolution of a speckle associated with light-scattering particles of the sample irradiated with light from a light source;
determining an average size of said light-scattering particles based on an angle-dependent pattern of a diffuse remittance profile (DRP) derived from acquired optical data;
calculating, with a programmable processor, a value of mean square displacement (MSD) of the light-scattering particles and a mechanical property of the sample from the acquired optical data, said MSD being a function of said size; and
estimating, with the programmable processor and from said angle-dependent pattern, an experimentally-determined value of a ratio of a first normalized irradiance to a second normalized irradiance, the first and second normalized irradiances being defined by said angle-dependent pattern at first and second values of an angle, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,191,029

METHOD AND SYSTEM TO EXTEND THE CONDITIONS OF APPLICATION OF AN INVERSION OF THE HODGKIN-HUXLEY GATING MODEL

1. A method to quantify a steady state functions of voltage of a gating variable of a Hodgkin Huxley formalism of a cell comprising the steps of:providing an electrophysiology apparatus configured to provide a voltage difference across a cell membrane of a cell and to measure a current through said cell membrane and a computer configured to run one or more processes including an inversion process of a set of underlying ordinary differential equations of a Hodgkin-Huxley model wherein said inversion process is defined by the equation:
where va ,vb:are time interval of application of the conditioning voltage of a C-step voltage clamp stimulation, i: indexes the gating variables of an Hodgkin-Huxley formalism, yc(i)(v): ith gating variable, i ? [0,1], evaluated at the end of the conditioning pulse of voltage uC and time interval of its application either va or vb, sC(i),sH(i) steady state function of voltage of each gating variable evaluated at the conditioning (uC), and holding s(uH) voltages respectively, of a C-Step voltage clamp stimulation protocol;applying said voltage difference across said cell membrane according to each protocol, and in any order:
a H-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol, and
a C-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol comprising:
applying a fixed holding voltage uH, followed by applying successive conditioning pulses at a plurality of stepped conditioning voltages uC and time intervals of application, va and vb, of the conditioning voltage, following each step of said steps of conditioning pulses, applying a test voltage uT during which test voltage a test current is measured, and wherein said plurality of stepped conditioning voltage uC are higher voltage than said fixed holding voltage uH,
identifying a voltage range RC of said stepped conditioning voltage uC where the channel exhibits measurable and independent currents during the test pulse, with changes of conditioning voltage uc and time intervals va, vb;
For a first time interval of application of said conditioning voltage va, estimating a first yC(i)(va) based on said inversion process, and changing said conditioning voltage and repeating said step of applying until the voltage range RC is found, where measured currents during the test pulse are measurable and independent from one another when the conditioning voltage and its time interval of application are changed;
for a second time interval of application of uC, vb, repeating said step of estimating to estimate a second different yC(i)(vb);
calculating a voltage dependence of the steady state functions sC(i) by solving for the zeros of said objective function, using first yC(i)(va) and second yC(i)(vb);
generating a data set as a solution of said set of underlying ordinary differential equations, said data set comprising a set of said voltage difference, and a measured current from said H-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol and said C-step voltage clamp stimulation protocol; and
estimating by said inversion process a set of gating parameters comprising a steady state as a function of voltage based on said data set to quantify said steady state function of voltage of a gating variable an Hodgkin Huxley formalism channel availability of said cell.

US Pat. No. 10,191,026

FRUIT AND VEGETABLE SUGAR CONTENT DETECTOR

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A fruit and vegetable sugar content detector, comprising:a measurement electrode unit comprising two measurement electrodes capable of being inserted into a to-be-detected fruit or vegetable, one end of one of the two measurement electrodes being connected to one end of the other one of the two measurement electrodes;
a resistance detection circuit connected to the measurement electrode unit and configured to detect a resistance between the two measurement electrodes;
a processor connected to the resistance detection circuit and configured to determine, in accordance with the detected resistance between the two measurement electrodes, a sugar content of the to-be-detected fruit or vegetable, and generate sugar content indication information, a storage connected to the processor and configured to store therein a correspondence between the resistance and the sugar content, wherein the processor is configured to inquire the correspondence stored in the storage in accordance with the detected resistance between the measurement electrodes, and determine the sugar content of the to-be-detected fruit or vegetable, wherein the measurement electrodes are each of a cylindrical shape, and a cross section of each measurement electrode has a diameter within a range from 5 ?m to 15 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,191,023

GAS-MEASURING DEVICE

1. A sensor unit for detecting a gas, the sensor unit comprising:a measuring channel;
a gas inlet for introducing environmental gas into the measuring channel;
a gas outlet for removing the environmental gas from the measuring channel;
a shut off valve operatively connected to one of the gas inlet and the gas outlet and configured to close the measuring channel at said one of the gas inlet and the gas outlet;
a pump unit operatively connected to another of the gas inlet and the gas outlet and configured to evacuate environmental gas from the measuring channel by generating a vacuum therein and to close the measuring channel at said other of the gas inlet and the gas outlet, whereby with the shut off valve and the pump unit closing the gas inlet and the gas outlet, the measuring channel is pressure-tight with respect to environmental gas;
a gas sensor operatively connected to the measuring channel for detecting the gas in the environmental gas; and
a heating unit for heating the gas sensor, wherein the sensor unit is configured to be operated in a measuring mode and in a regeneration mode, wherein the measuring channel is evacuated and the gas sensor is heated in the regeneration mode; and
a control unit controlling an operation state of each of the shut off valve, the pump unit and the heating unit and switching over from the regeneration mode to the measuring mode including deactivating the pump unit and the heating element and opening the gas inlet and the gas outlet and switching over from the measuring mode to the regeneration mode including closing the gas inlet and the gas outlet and activating the pump unit and the heating element.

US Pat. No. 10,191,021

METHOD FOR ESTIMATING A TEMPERATURE OF A TRANSISTOR

1. A method for estimating junction temperature or die temperature of a transistor of an inverter system, the method comprising:measuring, by a detector, turn-off change in voltage with respect to change in time between a collector and emitter of a transistor in a phase of an inverter;
measuring, by the detector, peak voltage of the transistor between the collector and the emitter, where the measuring of peak voltage of the transistor between the collector and the emitter is triggered by a drop in a voltage applied to a base or a gate of the transistor in an active state; and where upon the triggering the peak voltage of a transient spike in a collector voltage of the transistor is measured via a series of cascaded multimode diodes and a resistive voltage divider;
determining, by an electronic data processor, intermediate parameters of turn-off current, the turn-on current and on-state voltage drop based on the turn-off voltage change and the peak voltage;
determining, by the data processor, the power loss or energy loss for one switching cycle of the transistor based on the turn-off current, the turn-on current and on-state voltage drop between the collector and emitter of the transistor; and
estimating, by the data processor, an associated average junction or die temperature for the transistor over the switching cycle based on the determined energy loss, observed inverter system temperature and thermal characteristic of the inverter system, where an inverter system temperature sensor measures a coolant temperature in a coolant system for cooling the inverter or a housing temperature of an inverter housing.

US Pat. No. 10,191,019

VACUUM-ASSISTED IN-NEEDLE CAPPLICARY ADSORPTION TRAP WITH MULTIWALLED POLYANILINE/CARBON NANOTUBE NANOCOMPOSITE SORBENT

1. A vacuum-assisted in-needle capillary adsorption trap (VA-INACT) system comprising:a first needle including a first end and a second end and a side aperture positioned between the first end and the second end, and the side aperture being configured to provide access to an interior space of the needle;
a second needle placed adjacent to the first needle and including a first end and a second end;
a sorbent coated between the second end and the side aperture within the interior space of the first needle and configured to entrap an analyte attached to a sample placed within a sample vial;
a vacuum flask including a first opening and a second opening and configured to house the sample vial;
a first cover configured to cover an opening of the sample vial;
a second cover configured to cover the first opening of vacuum flask and including three apertures, a first of the three apertures configured to receive the first needle within an interior space of the extraction vial, a second of the three apertures configured to receive the second needle within the interior space of the extraction vial, and a third of the three apertures configured to receive a wire for opening the first cover of the sample vial;
a peristaltic pump including an inlet and an outlet respectively coupled to the second ends of the first and second needles and configured to circulate the extracted analyte though the first needle and the second needle to improve analyte adsorption on the sorbent inside the first needle; and
a vacuum device configured to evacuate the interior space of the vacuum flask and improve the efficiency of the extracting the analyte, wherein:
the vacuum device includes a valve, a vacuum trap and a vacuum pump,
the vacuum flask is coupled to the vacuum trap via a connection tube,
the connection tube connect the vacuum trap to the second opening of the vacuum flask,
the vacuum pump is in communication with the vacuum trap and the vacuum flask and is configured to provide a vacuum within the interior space of the vacuum flask, and
the valve configured to operate between an open position and a closed position, wherein in the closed position the valve disables the communication between the vacuum pump and the vacuum flask and in the open position the valve enables the communication between the vacuum pump and the vacuum flask.

US Pat. No. 10,191,017

DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTIC CALCULATION APPARATUS AND ITS METHOD FOR MACHINE TOOL

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. An apparatus calculating a dynamic characteristic of a machine tool that executes an interrupted machining of a workpiece by moving a rotational tool having one or plural tool tips relative to the workpiece comprising:a vibration detector configured to detect a vibration property of said rotational tool mounted on the machine tool when said rotational tool is excited to vibrate by a target member prior to the interrupted machining of the workpiece; and
a processor configured to:
calculate a natural frequency of said rotational tool mounted on the machine tool on a basis of said detected vibration property,
replace a pre-excitation natural frequency stored in a memory with said calculated natural frequency, said pre-excitation frequency being determined based on constructional information of said machine tool before said rotation tool is excited to vibrate by the target member, and
generate a command for said machine tool to change a rotational velocity of said rotational tool in said interrupted machining based upon said calculated natural frequency, wherein
said machine tool includes a driving device configured to move said rotational tool relative to said workpiece; and
said rotational tool is excited to vibrate, prior to the interrupted machining of the workpiece, by contacting said rotational tool with said target member mounted on said machine tool without use of man power by driving said driving device without said rotational tool being rotated, or
said rotational tool is excited to vibrate prior to the interrupted machining of the workpiece by contacting said rotational tool with said target member by driving said driving device while said rotational tool is rotated in a counter rotational direction against a rotational direction of the tool when machining.

US Pat. No. 10,191,015

OBJECT INFORMATION ACQUIRING APPARATUS AND LASER APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An object information acquiring apparatus comprising:irradiation means configured to irradiate an object with a laser beam;
a shutter unit having a shutter disposed on a light path of the laser beam from the irradiation means to the object, configured to restrict an output of the laser beam from the irradiation means to the object;
control means configured to control an irradiation of the laser beam by the irradiation means and an operation of the shutter unit;
a probe configured to receive an acoustic wave generated from the object irradiated with the laser beam; and
construction means configured to generate, using the acoustic wave, characteristic information relating to the object,
wherein the irradiation means is configured to generate the laser beam at a plurality of wavelengths and to irradiate the laser beam with a wavelength selected from among the plurality of wavelengths, and
wherein the control means performs, while the wavelength of the laser beam is switched, a control of closing the shutter and a control of stopping or suppressing the generation of the laser beam by the irradiation means.

US Pat. No. 10,191,009

ELECTROCHEMICAL DETERMINATION OF HEAVY METALS

UNIVERSITY OF LOUISVILLE ...

1. A method of analyzing dissolved metals in a sample solution, the sample solution being contained in a cell having a fixed and known volume, the method comprising:initiating a first reduction reaction in the sample solution which contains two or more dissolved metals by applying a first deposition potential for an interval of time representing a first deposition pulse, wherein the first reduction reaction results in non-exhaustive deposition of one or more of the dissolved metals upon an electrode, wherein the one or more dissolved metals deposited during the first reduction reaction comprise one or more interferents;
initiating a first oxidation reaction by applying a stripping potential for an interval of time, representing a first stripping pulse, that is sufficient to strip the one or more interferents from the electrode that were deposited during the first reduction reaction, and measuring electrical current generated during the first stripping pulse;
after the first oxidation reaction, initiating a second reduction reaction by applying a deposition potential for an interval of time, representing a second deposition pulse, that results in exhaustive deposition of the one or more interferents upon the electrode;
initiating a second oxidation reaction by applying a stripping potential for an interval of time, representing a second stripping pulse, that is sufficient to strip all the one or more interferents from the electrode that were deposited during the second reduction reaction, and measuring electrical current generated during the second stripping pulse;
after the second oxidation reaction, initiating a third reduction reaction in the sample solution by applying a second deposition potential different from the first deposition potential for an interval of time representing a third deposition pulse, wherein the third reduction reaction results in non-exhaustive deposition of the one or more dissolved metals comprising the one or more interferents and at least one analyte upon the electrode;
initiating a third oxidation reaction by applying a stripping potential for an interval of time, representing a third stripping pulse, that is sufficient to strip the one or more interferents and the at least one analyte from the electrode that were deposited during the third reduction reaction, and measuring electrical current generated during the third stripping pulse;
after the third oxidation reaction, initiating a fourth reduction reaction by applying a deposition potential different from the first deposition potential, for an interval of time that results in exhaustive deposition of the one or more interferents and the at least one analyte upon the electrode;
initiating a fourth oxidation reaction by applying a stripping potential for an interval of time, representing a fourth stripping pulse, that is sufficient to strip the one or more interferents and the at least one analyte from the electrode that were deposited during the fourth reduction reaction, and measuring electrical current generated during the fourth stripping pulse; and
calculating a concentration of the at least one analyte in the sample solution based on a quantitative difference between the absolute charge associated with stripping the one or more interferents from the electrode, subtracted from the absolute charge associated with stripping the one or more interferents and the at least one analyte from the electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,191,007

SULFUR OXIDES DETECTION SYSTEM

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A sulfur oxides detection system comprising:a device part arranged in an exhaust passage of an internal combustion engine and comprising a first electrochemical cell having a first solid electrolyte layer having oxide ion conductivity, a first electrode arranged on one surface of the first solid electrolyte layer so as to be exposed to gas to be measured, and a second electrode arranged on an other surface of the first solid electrolyte layer so as to be exposed to the atmospheric air, and a diffusion regulating layer to regulate diffusion of the gas to be measured;
a power supply to supply voltage across the first electrode and the second electrode;
a detector to detect a first current correlation parameter correlated with a current flowing between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
an electronic control part to control the power supply and to acquire the first current correlation parameter from the detector, wherein
the electronic control part is to control the power supply so that a first voltage which is a decomposition start voltage of water and sulfur oxides or greater is to be applied across the first electrode and the second electrode and to calculate a concentration of sulfur oxides in the gas to be measured based on the first current correlation parameter detected by the detector if the first voltage is applied across the first electrode and the second electrode and
the electronic control part is to judge whether a concentration of water in the gas to be measured is stable and does not calculate the concentration of sulfur oxides in the gas to be measured if the electronic control part judges that the concentration of water in the gas to be measured is not stable.

US Pat. No. 10,191,006

HUMIDITY SENSOR

ABLIC INC., (JP)

1. A humidity sensor, comprising:a semiconductor substrate;
an insulating film formed on a surface of the semiconductor substrate;
a plurality of first electrodes and a plurality of second electrodes, both formed on the insulating film and arranged so that each of the plurality of first electrodes is adjacent to one of the plurality of second electrodes in each of four directions of up, down, right, and left when viewed in plan view, while each of the plurality of second electrodes is adjacent to one of the plurality of first electrodes in each of four directions of up, down, right, and left when viewed in plan view, except in a perimeter of the arrangement;
a first metal wiring completely embedded in the insulating film and electrically connecting, through a via, one of the plurality of first electrodes to another one of the plurality of first electrodes;
a second metal wiring completely embedded in the insulating film and electrically connecting, through a via, one of the plurality of second electrodes to another one of the plurality of second electrodes; and
a humidity sensitive film formed on the plurality of first electrodes and the plurality of second electrodes.

US Pat. No. 10,191,001

CONVEYOR-BELT SYSTEM FOR MEASURING CONDITIONS THAT VARY THE RESONANT FREQUENCY OF A RESONANT CIRCUIT

Laitram, L.L.C., Harahan...

1. A conveyor belt comprising:an endless belt body;
a plurality of resonant circuits disposed at sensor positions in the endless belt body, each of the resonant circuits including:
an inductor; and
a capacitor connected to the inductor to form the resonant circuit with a resonant frequency determined by the inductance of the inductor and the capacitance of the capacitor;
a plurality of capacitor plates, wherein each of the resonant circuits is connected to one or more capacitor plates to capacitively couple the resonant circuit through one or more stationary capacitor plates external to the conveyor belt;
wherein at least one of the inductance of the inductor and the capacitance of the capacitor is varied by a varying condition affecting the conveyor belt.

US Pat. No. 10,190,999

NUCLEAR MAGNETIC RESONANCE AND SATURATION WELL LOGS FOR DETERMINING FREE WATER LEVEL AND RESERVOIR TYPE

Saudi Arabian Oil Company...

5. A method for determining characteristics of a hydrocarbon reservoir, the method comprising:conducting, using a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) logging tool, a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) logging operation of a targeted reservoir section of a wellbore extending into a hydrocarbon reservoir to generate a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) log of the targeted reservoir section;
conducting, using a resistivity logging tool, a resistivity logging of the targeted reservoir section to generate an uninvaded water saturation (Sw) log of the targeted reservoir section;
determining, by a control unit, for each of a plurality of depths in the targeted reservoir section, a T2 cutoff point for the depth based on values of the NMR log and the uninvaded water saturation (Sw) log for the depth;
identifying, by the control unit, a subset of the T2 cutoff points that exhibit a hyperbolic trend;
determining, by the control unit, a theoretical cutoff curve corresponding to the subset of the T2 cutoff points;
determining, by the control unit, a free water level (FWL) of the reservoir based on the theoretical cutoff curve; and
determining, by the control unit, a rock type of the reservoir based on the theoretical cutoff curve.

US Pat. No. 10,190,997

X-RAY DEVICE, METHOD, MANUFACTURING METHOD FOR STRUCTURE, PROGRAM, AND RECORDING MEDIUM ON WHICH PROGRAM IS RECORDED

NIKON CORPORATION, Tokyo...

1. An X-ray device comprising:an irradiator configured to irradiate an X-ray to a measuring object;
a detector configured to detect transmission X-ray transmitted through the measuring object; and
a controller connected to the irradiator and the detector, and configured to:
generate first information, based on an image reconstructed from a result of detecting the transmission X-ray, the first information including information of an area in which an absorption coefficient of X-ray detected falls within a first range and information of an area in which an absorption coefficient of X-ray detected falls within a second range that is different from the first range;
acquire ratio information indicating a ratio between a first substance and a second substance included in the measuring object;
based on the ratio information and the first information, generate second information including information of an area which corresponds to the first substance and in which an absorption coefficient of X-ray falls within a third range obtained by merging the first range and the second range, so that a frequency distribution of signal intensity representing the absorption coefficient within the first range and the absorption coefficient within the second range is reconstructed to a frequency distribution of signal intensity representing the absorption coefficient within the third range; and
generate a modified image in which an area corresponding to the first substance is determined based on the second information.

US Pat. No. 10,190,994

APPARATUS, METHOD AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT FOR INSPECTION OF AT LEAST SIDE FACES OF SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. An apparatus for inspecting at least side faces of a semiconductor device comprising:a camera, defining an imaging beam path;
a mirror block, having a first mirror, a second mirror, a third mirror, and a fourth mirror, the mirrors being arranged such that they surround a free space in the form of a rectangle, and the opposing first mirror and third mirror are fixedly mounted and the opposing second mirror and fourth mirror are movably mounted; and
a tilted mirror, for directing an image of at least the side faces semiconductor device from the mirror block to the camera.

US Pat. No. 10,190,992

STRUCTURE STATUS DETERMINATION DEVICE, STATUS DETERMINATION SYSTEM, AND STATUS DETERMINATION METHOD

NEC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A status determination device comprising:a displacement calculation circuit that, from time-series images of a structure surface before and after loading application, calculates a two-dimensional spatial distribution of a displacement of the time-series images;
a correction amount calculation circuit that calculates a correction amount based on a moving amount of the structure surface in a normal direction due to the loading application, from the two-dimensional spatial distribution of the displacement of the time-series images;
a displacement correction circuit that extracts a two-dimensional spatial distribution of a displacement of the structure surface, by subtracting the correction amount from the two-dimensional spatial distribution of the displacement of the time-series images; and
an abnormality determination circuit that identifies a defect of the structure, based on comparison between the two-dimensional spatial distribution of the displacement of the structure surface and a prepared spatial distribution of a displacement having been prepared in advance.

US Pat. No. 10,190,989

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR INSPECTING APPEARANCE OF OBJECT USING IMAGES PICKED UP UNDER DIFFERENT LIGHT QUANTITIES

DENSO WAVE INCORPORATED, ...

1. An apparatus for inspecting an appearance of an object, comprising:a lighting unit radiating light to an object being inspected, the lighting unit being capable of selectively adjusting a quantity of the light to a first light quantity and a second light quantity, the second light quantity being different from the first light quantity;
a camera optically imaging the object, the camera being fixed positionally; and
a control unit configured to
control the lighting unit and the camera so as to provide a first image picked up by the camera in a state where the light is selected to be of the first light quantity and is radiated to the object and a second image picked up by the camera in a state where the light is selected to be of the second light quantity and is radiated to the same object, each of the first and second images being composed of pixels having pixel values;
calculate differences, pixel by pixel, between the pixel values of the first image and the pixel values of the second image; and
determine whether the object has a non-defective appearance or a defective appearance based on a comparison between the calculated differences of the pixel values and reference pixel values which are set, pixel by pixel, as a reference for the determination,
wherein the reference pixel values are set as difference pixel values between pixel values of a third image and pixel values of a fourth image, the third image being picked up by the camera in a state where the light is selected to be of the first light quantity and is radiated to a reference object which serves as a reference to the object being inspected, the fourth image being picked up by the camera in a state where the light is selected to be of the second light quantity and is radiated to the reference object.

US Pat. No. 10,190,987

METHOD FOR INLINE MEASUREMENT ON SIMULATED MOVING BED UNITS OR HYBRID UNITS FOR SEPARATION BY SIMULATED MOVING BED AND CRYSTALLIZATION, AND APPLICATION TO THE CONTROL AND REGULATION OF SAID UNITS

IFP Energies Nouvelles, ...

1. A method for measuring concentrations of species present at at least one point during a separation process operating as a simulated moving bed (SMB) reactor, or a hybrid separation operating as a simulated moving bed (SMB) separation and a further crystallization, said method employing:an immersion probe placed at a point of the reactor or at a point located on a stream entering or leaving said reactor (termed the measurement point),
a thermocouple placed at a distance between an immersed end of the probe and the thermocouple which is at most 30 cm from the measurement point,
a sampling point downstream of the measurement point for analysis by a reference analytical technique during a calibration step,in a manner such as to provide, a Raman spectrum and a temperature simultaneously for each measurement point, said method comprising:a) calibration by inline acquisition of Raman spectra for different mixtures covering a range of concentrations of the species which are to be measured and under temperature and pressure conditions which are representative of an industrial unit and sampling, simultaneously in situ at the sampling point, of moving mixture for analysis by a reference technique, enabling one or more mathematical model(s) to be constructed per constituent as a function of its content;
b) analysis by inline signal processing of the Raman spectrum obtained at each measurement point by means of a chemometric mathematical method employing the or said models constructed during the calibration for each constituent, taking into account the temperature (Tspl) at the measurement point under consideration as well as the range of concentrations Cj of the species present at said measurement point, in order to obtain the concentration Ci of each species present, in which, for each of a) and b), the acquisition of each Raman spectrum is carried out by:
sending a monochromatic signal through a first optical fibre connected to the immersion probe, originating from a laser source with a wavelength of 785 nm plus or minus 1 nm,
retrieving, through a second optical fibre also connected to the immersion probe, a signal corresponding to the Raman effect termed the Raman signal, which is sent to a spectrometer,
retrieving the Raman spectrum of the signal under consideration at the output from the spectrometer.

US Pat. No. 10,190,986

SPATIALLY RESOLVED LIGAND-RECEPTOR BINDING ASSAYS

Abbott Laboratories, Abb...

1. A method for determining the concentration of an analyte in a sample comprising the steps of:(a) combining in a reaction mixture (i) a sample suspected of containing an analyte, (ii) a first receptor attached to a microparticle that binds to the analyte, and (iii) a fluorescently labeled second receptor that binds to the analyte, and allowing formation of a complex comprising the microparticle attached to the first receptor, the analyte, and the fluorescently labeled second receptor;
(b) acquiring a white light image of the reaction mixture in order to determine the location of the microparticle in the reaction of step (a) and a fluorescence image of the reaction mixture in order to determine the location of the fluorescently labeled second receptor in the reaction of step (a);
(c) selecting at least one region of interest from the images acquired in step
(b), wherein the at least one region of interest is a region from which light signals emanate from the complex formed in step (a);
(d) selecting pixels in the at least one region of interest for analysis;
(e) calculating and recording the average and variance of the counts per pixel for the pixels selected in step (d), wherein the counts per pixel is the number of photons counted per pixel per unit of time;
(f) omitting pixels that have counts greater or less than a specified variance;
(g) calculating average counts per pixel of the remaining pixels; and
(h) determining the concentration of the analyte from the data in step (g).

US Pat. No. 10,190,985

SPECTROMETRY DEVICE AND SPECTROMETRY METHOD

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A spectroscopic measurement apparatus for measuring luminous efficiency of a measurement object which outputs up-conversion light by input of excitation light, the apparatus comprising:a light source configured to output the excitation light with a wavelength of 980 nm;
an integrator including an internal space in which the measurement object is disposed, a light input portion configured to input the excitation light from the light source to the internal space, and a light output portion configured to output light from the internal space to the outside;
a filter unit having a transmission spectrum in which an attenuation rate for the excitation light is larger than an attenuation rate for the up-conversion light, and configured to attenuate the light output from the light output portion in accordance with the transmission spectrum;
a spectroscopic detector configured to disperse the light attenuated and output by the filter unit, and acquire spectroscopic spectrum data; and
an analysis unit configured to analyze the luminous efficiency of the measurement object on the basis of transmission spectrum data of the transmission spectrum of the filter unit and the spectroscopic spectrum data.

US Pat. No. 10,190,968

CORROSION RATE MEASUREMENT WITH MULTIVARIABLE SENSOR

ROSEMOUNT INC., Shakopee...

1. A corrosion measurement system, comprising:a corrosion sensor having a corrosion sensor output related to corrosion due to exposure to a process fluid;
a process variable sensor having a process variable output related to a process variable of the process fluid wherein the process variable changes a rate at which components exposed to the process fluid corrode; and
measurement circuitry coupled to the corrosion sensor and the process variable sensor having an output related to corrosion of components exposed to the process fluid based upon the corrosion sensor output and the process variable output wherein the measurement circuitry identifies periods of reduced corrosion rate and uses reduced power during the periods of reduced corrosion rate.

US Pat. No. 10,190,966

METAL-PIPE USE SUPPORT SYSTEM

1. A metal-pipe use support system comprising:a reading unit configured to read identification data for a plurality of metal pipes,
a metal pipe information reception unit configured to receive, from the reading unit, the identification data for each of the plurality of metal pipes;
a use condition reception unit configured to receive an environment value indicative of an environment at each of positions in a space in which the metal pipes are to be placed as use condition data about a condition under which a metal pipe is to be used;
a pipe-specific data acquisition unit configured to access a data recording unit storing pipe-specific data indicative of a property of each metal pipe and corresponding identification data in an associated manner and to acquire the pipe-specific data associated with the identification data received by the metal pipe information reception unit, the pipe-specific data including a performance value indicative of a performance of each of the metal pipes;
a pipe determination unit configured to assign, by a processor, to each of the positions in the space in which the metal pipes are to be placed, a metal pipe having a performance value suitable for the environment value of that position based on a comparison between the environment value for each of the positions in the space in which the metal pipes are to be placed indicated by the use-condition data and the performance value indicative of the performance of each of the metal pipes included in the pipe-specific data to determine an arrangement of the plurality of metal pipes; and
an output unit configured to output information relating to the metal pipe determined by the pipe determination unit.

US Pat. No. 10,190,964

GENERATING A FLUID STREAM IN A MICROFLUIDIC DEVICE

XY, LLC, Navasota, TX (U...

1. A method of operating a flow cytometer, comprising:providing a variable volume container having a flexible wall;
establishing an amount of fluid in said variable volume container;
exerting an amount of pressure with an amount of a gas on an exterior surface of said flexible wall of said variable volume container, wherein said flexible wall comprises at least two flexible layers, a first flexible layer compatible with said amount of gas and a second flexible layer compatible with said amount of fluid;
collecting said amount of gas between said first flexible layer and said second flexible layer;
providing a conduit between said variable volume container and a flow path of said flow cytometer;
generating a fluid stream of said amount of fluid in said flow path of said flow cytometer by exerting said amount of pressure with said amount of gas on said exterior surface of said flexible wall of said variable volume container;
generating a fluid pressure of said fluid stream of said amount of fluid inside of said flow cytometer within the range of about 25 psi and about 50 psi;
regulating said fluid stream within said flow path of said flow cytometer having said fluid pressure within the range of about 25 psi and about 50 psi for analysis of a plurality of particles entrained within said fluid stream;
intermittently entraining one of said plurality of particles in said fluid stream in said flow path of said flow cytometer; and
analyzing said plurality of particles entrained within said fluid stream.

US Pat. No. 10,190,960

MICRO-LENS SYSTEMS FOR PARTICLE PROCESSING SYSTEMS

1. A particle processing system comprising:a detection region including a micro-lens array; and
a particle processing region configured to be removably and optically coupled to the detection region, wherein the particle processing region includes at least one microfluidic channel;
wherein the micro-lens array includes at least one micro-lens system having a plurality of free-space optical elements disposed along a central axis, the micro-lens system positioned relative to the at least one microfluidic channel so as to collect light from an angle of less than 180 degrees from the at least one microfluidic channel, and
wherein at least one optical element collects and collimates a fluorescence signal.

US Pat. No. 10,190,959

SORTING FLOW CYTOMETER

Beckman Coulter, Inc., B...

1. A sorting flow cytometer comprising:a fluid nozzle configured to receive a fluid input and generate a fluid stream along a fluid path;
a laser configured to generate a laser beam and positioned to direct the laser beam at the fluid stream;
acquisition electronics including a sensor analyzer arranged and configured to detect light from the laser after the laser beam has intersected the fluid stream;
a computing device in data communication with the acquisition electronics;
a computer readable data storage device storing data instructions that, when executed by the computing device, cause the computing device to perform the following steps:
identify segments of the fluid stream, including a first segment and a second segment that are directly adjacent to each other;
generate preliminary sort decisions that assign preliminary charges to segments of the fluid stream including a first preliminary sort decision that assigns a first preliminary charge to the first segment and a second preliminary sort decision that assigns a second preliminary charge to the second segment;
evaluate the first preliminary sort decision and the second preliminary sort decision;
generate final sort decisions that include a modification to the first preliminary sort decision or the second preliminary sort decision to assign a neutral charge for at least one of the first segment or the second segment; and
generate a sort control signal according to the final sort decisions;
sort control electronics in data communication with the computing device, configured to receive the sort control signal from the computing device and selectively apply charges to the segments of the fluid stream prior to a drop break off point; and
deflection plates arranged adjacent to the fluid path to sort drops formed from the segments of the fluid stream into a plurality of containers.

US Pat. No. 10,190,956

TRUE DENSITY MEASUREMENT DEVICE

MicrotracBEL Corp., Osak...

1. A true density measurement device for measuring a true density of an object to be measured with a gas phase substitution method, the true density measurement device comprising:a sample chamber that houses the object to be measured, and is pressurized by introducing an inert gas into the sample chamber;
an expansion chamber into which the inert gas having been introduced into the sample chamber is released;
a capacity changing member that can be housed in the expansion chamber; and
a notifying section that recommends use of the capacity changing member based on a relationship between a previously obtained capacity of the expansion chamber and a measurement error, wherein;
the expansion chamber is opened and closed by a lid which can be attached or detached under normal usage conditions, and has a variable capacity that is changed by inserting or removing the capacity changing member.

US Pat. No. 10,190,953

TOMOGRAPHY SAMPLE PREPARATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS WITH IMPROVED SPEED, AUTOMATION, AND RELIABILITY

1. A method for creating a tomography sample from a sample substrate, comprising:(a) identifying a target area and underlying target volume of a substrate containing a region of interest;
(b) creating a mill pattern based on the target area and a desired sample pillar height and width;
(c) milling a crater asymmetrically positioned around the identified target area to form a sample pillar containing a target volume using a focused ion beam (FIB), (i) the crater large enough to allow a single FIB cut at a desired angle from vertical with respect to the sample pillar orientation to pass within the crater and cut the sample pillar free from the substrate, (ii) the crater having a first depth on a cutting side of the sample pillar of at least the desired sample pillar height and a second, larger, depth opposite the cutting side, the second depth large enough to accommodate the opposite end of the single FIB cut to leave the sample pillar detached after the single FIB cut, (iii) the crater having a first gap between the sample pillar and a crater edge on the cutting side and a second gap, substantially smaller than the first gap, opposite the cutting side;
(d) attaching a probe tip of a probe to the sample pillar;
(e) cutting the sample pillar free with the single FIB cut at the desired angle; and
(f) using the probe to move the sample pillar to a sample holder.

US Pat. No. 10,190,949

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR A CONE PENETRATION TEST WITH WHIPSTOCK-ENABLED SOIL SAMPLING

1. An apparatus for taking soil samples from subsurface soil strata, comprising:an elongated tubular whipstock cell having a proximal end and a distal end;
a through-opening along a portion of the whipstock cell comprising a pre-formed window;
a whipstock residing within the whipstock cell, the whipstock having a face angled towards the pre-formed window;
at least one push rod connected to the proximal end of the whipstock cell, the push rod representing a tubular body;
an elongated sampling rod dimensioned to be slidably moved through an inner diameter of the at least one push rod en route to the whipstock cell;
a mechanical soil sampler configured to extend through the pre-formed window; and
a bent sub having a proximal end and a distal end, wherein the proximal end is connected to a distal end of the sampling rod, and the distal end is connected to the soil sampler, and wherein the bent sub is configured to deflect off of the whipstock face when urged through the pre-formed window.

US Pat. No. 10,190,943

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR INSPECTING ROLLING ELEMENTS BY MEANS OF ULTRASOUND

ThyssenKrupp Rothe Erde G...

1. A method for inspection of rolling elements by means of ultrasound comprising:individually taking the rolling elements to an ultrasound measuring device, wherein the rolling elements are of spherical shape;
arranging the individual rolling elements in a center between two drive rollers of the ultrasound measuring device;
moving the individual rolling elements in the ultrasound measuring device and subjecting the individual rolling elements to an ultrasound measurement,
wherein in the moving step, the drive rollers are turned with a same speed and in a same direction about a common axis of rotation, such that the individual rolling elements placed thereupon are also turned about an axis arranged parallel to the common axis of rotation of the drive rollers, and such that a circumferential line of the individual in rolling elements is moved past a stationary ultrasound head,
wherein after a complete rotation, an opposite running drive of the drive rollers produces a rotation of the individual rolling elements about a vertical axis, and
wherein during another synchronous rotation of the drive rollers, a different circumferential line in a manner of a circle of longitude is moved past an assigned measuring device; and
classifying the individual rolling elements, depending on a result of the ultrasound measurement the individual rolling elements, as defective or nondefective.

US Pat. No. 10,190,942

DIAGNOSIS OF DRIVE SHAFT DISC COUPLINGS

SIKORSKY AIRCRAFT CORPORA...

1. A method applied to one or more components of a drive shaft of an aircraft, the method comprising:obtaining data based on samples of a vibration signal;
processing, by at least one processor, the data to obtain a qualitative and quantitative assessment of a health of the one or more components based on an application of the data to at least one model, wherein processing the data further comprises segmenting the vibration signal into a plurality of segments representative of a revolution of the drive shaft based on a nominal speed of the drive shaft as part of processing the data, resampling the vibration signal segments from constant time based sampling to constant angular based sampling, and averaging the resampled segments as part of processing the data; and
outputting the assessment.

US Pat. No. 10,190,936

MOBILE BRIDGE APPARATUS

BAE Systems plc, London ...

1. A mobile bridge apparatus, comprising:a plurality of mobile bridge modules each configured to form a portion of a bridge and to be in connection with one another; and
a plurality of sensors, each of the sensors being located at different locations on at least one of the mobile bridge modules and configured to sense a deformation of each respective mobile bridge module.

US Pat. No. 10,190,934

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR ENGINE-OFF NATURAL VACUUM LEAK TESTING WITH FUEL ENABLEMENT COMPENSATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for an evaporative emissions system, comprising:adjusting a threshold for an evaporative emissions leak test entry condition that comprises an engine heat rejection inference for an engine run time duration, based on at least a fuel level;
responsive to the engine heat rejection inference being greater than the adjusted threshold, adjusting one or more pressure thresholds for an evaporative emissions leak test based on the engine heat rejection inference; and
indicating degradation of the evaporative emissions system based on the adjusted one or more pressure thresholds.

US Pat. No. 10,190,929

PRESSURE SENSOR DEVICE AND PRESSURE SENSOR DEVICE MANUFACTURING METHOD

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A pressure sensor cell, comprising:a semiconductor pressure sensor chip having a pressure receiving portion and for converting pressure into an electric signal;
a base member having a through hole that penetrates a first surface of the base member and a second surface of the base member, the semiconductor pressure sensor chip being joined to the second surface so that the pressure receiving portion is aligned with the through hole;
a metal material;
a pressure introduction unit formed of metal and having a through hole that penetrates a first surface of the pressure introduction unit and a second surface of the pressure introduction unit, the second surface of the pressure introduction unit being joined across the metal material to the first surface of the base member so that the through hole of the pressure introduction unit connects with the through hole of the base member, the pressure introduction unit having
a stepped portion protruding outward in an end portion of the pressure introduction unit on an opened end side in which the through hole of the pressure introduction unit is opened, and
a protruding portion protruding from the stepped portion to a base member side, a wall thickness of the protruding portion being smaller than a height of the stepped portion; and
a resin case having a signal terminal that extracts the electric signal from the semiconductor pressure sensor chip, the protruding portion being integrated with the resin case so that a surface of the stepped portion on a side, that is opposite to the opened end side, is in contact with the resin case;
wherein the through hole of the pressure introduction unit is wider than the through hole of the base member.

US Pat. No. 10,190,928

FLEXIBLE SENSOR FOR MEASURING FLEX OR TORQUE

X Development LLC, Mount...

1. A sensor comprising:a printed circuit board (PCB) comprising a slot extending from an outer edge of the PCB to an inner portion of the PCB, the slot defining a first inner-slot surface and a second inner-slot surface facing, across the slot, the first inner-slot surface, the first and second inner-slot surfaces being separated by a gap when the PCB is in an unflexed state, the slot being configured to permit the PCB to flex so as to vary a relative position of the first inner-slot surface with respect to the second inner-slot surface;
a capacitive structure on the PCB comprising:
a first electrode on a portion of the first inner-slot surface of the PCB; and
a second electrode on a portion of the second inner-slot surface of PCB, the second electrode aligned with the first electrode across the slot; and
mechanical coupling sites arranged on the PCB such that mechanical variations in a structure to which the sensor is attached cause the PCB to flex and vary a relative position of the first electrode with respect to the second electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,190,927

TACTILE SENSOR AND METHOD FOR EVALUATING TOUCH FEELING

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPO...

1. A tactile sensor, comprisinga sensor part that is formed in a substrate, wherein
the sensor part includes:
a frame that includes a side part of the substrate;
a contact that is disposed in parallel to the substrate so that a tip of the contact projects from a side face of the substrate;
a suspension that supports the contact to the frame; and
a displacement detector that detects displacement of the contact.

US Pat. No. 10,190,925

LOW COST OVERMOLDED LEADFRAME FORCE SENSOR WITH MULTIPLE MOUNTING POSITIONS

Honeywell International I...

1. A force sensor comprising:a leadframe comprising a plurality of electrically conductive leads;
a sense die coupled to the leadframe, wherein the sense die is electrically coupled to the plurality of leads;
an encapsulant disposed over at least a portion of the leadframe and the sense die, wherein the plurality of leads extends from the encapsulant;
wherein the encapsulant is in contact with the leadframe and the sense die;
a first actuation element disposed in contact with a first side of the sense die, wherein the first actuation element comprises a mechanical coupling element configured to mechanically couple an external force with the sense die; and
a second actuation element disposed in contact with a second side of the sense die, wherein the second side is opposite to the first side, and wherein the second actuation element comprises a gel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,924

PRESSURE-SENSING DEVICE AND PRESSURE-SENSING TOUCH PANEL

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A pressure-sensing device comprisinga pressed component that has a contact surface to which pressure is applied by contact from a presser;
a polymeric piezoelectric element that is disposed at an opposite side from the contact surface of the pressed component and that has a piezoelectric constant d14 of 1 pC/N or more, as measured at 25° C. using a stress-charge method;
a curable resin layer that comprises at least one selected from the group consisting of cold-setting resins, thermosetting resins and actinic radiation-curable resins, and that is in contact with at least part of a surface of a side facing the pressed component of the polymeric piezoelectric element or at least part of a surface of an opposite side facing the pressed component of the polymeric piezoelectric element; and
an electrode that is in contact with at least part of a surface of the polymeric piezoelectric element or of a surface of the curable resin layer.

US Pat. No. 10,190,923

STRAIN SENSING ELEMENT, PRESSURE SENSOR, MICROPHONE, BLOOD PRESSURE SENSOR, AND TOUCH PANEL

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A strain sensing element provided on a deformable substrate, comprising:a first magnetic layer;
a second magnetic layer including Fe1-yBy (0 an intermediate layer provided between the first magnetic layer and the second magnetic layer,
wherein a first part of the Fe1-yBy (0

US Pat. No. 10,190,922

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR CALIBRATING A SENSOR

INTEL CORPORATION, Santa...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first transistor with a gate terminal coupled to a first node and a current source;
a second transistor with a gate terminal coupled to a second node and ground;
a first resistor coupled to the first and second nodes;
a second resistor coupled to the first node and a reference voltage supply;
a diode coupled to the second node;
a third resistor coupled to the second node and the voltage reference supply; and
a switch coupled to the third resistor and the voltage reference supply, and wherein a temperature is sensed by subtracting a first current from the first resistor with a second current from the third resistor at the first node when the switch is on.

US Pat. No. 10,190,921

INTERNAL TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT DEVICE

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An internal temperature measurement device, comprising:a base portion, one surface of which is to be brought into contact with a surface of a measuring object when an internal temperature of the measuring object is measured;
a MEMS chip arranged on another surface of the base portion, and including: a substrate portion including a first thin film portion and a second thin film portion that are hollow on the base portion side; a first thermopile configured to measure a first temperature difference between a predetermined region and another region of the first thin film portion; and a second thermopile configured to measure a second temperature difference between a predetermined region and another region of the second thin film portion; and
a calculation unit configured to calculate an internal temperature of the measuring object by using the first temperature difference measured by the first thermopile and the second temperature difference measured by the second thermopile,
wherein the MEMS chip is configured such that a first heat flux which passes through the predetermined region of the first thin film portion from the measuring object in contact with the one surface of the base portion, and which is determined on the basis of the first temperature difference, and a second heat flux which passes through the predetermined region of the second thin film portion from the measuring object in contact with the one surface of the base portion, and which is determined on the basis of the second temperature difference, are different from each other, and in order to reduce the first heat flux, a thin film portion that is hollow on the base portion side is provided on at least one of both sides of the first thin film portion of the substrate portion in a direction where the first thin film portion and the second thin film portion are arranged.

US Pat. No. 10,190,920

ENVIRONMENT SENSOR FOR ACOUSTIC INSTRUMENT

Music Nomad LLC, Sonoma,...

1. A sensor device for an acoustic instrument having a sound hole, comprising:an assembly, comprising:
a body comprising a top, a bottom, and at least one sidewall extending between the top and bottom, wherein the top, the bottom, and the least one sidewall define an internal cavity, and the sidewall includes at least one opening; and
a support member coupled to the top of the body to form an assembly, the support member including a planar surface and a display arranged within the planar surface; and
a sensor contained within the assembly;
wherein the support member forms a right angle relative to the top of the body.

US Pat. No. 10,190,919

DIFFERENTIAL THERMISTOR CIRCUIT

Fairchild Semiconductor C...

1. A circuit comprising:a first resistor configured to be coupled to a first terminal of a temperature-sensitive resistance;
a second resistor configured to be coupled to a second terminal of the temperature-sensitive resistance;
a temperature information circuit configured to:
receive a first voltage from the first terminal of the temperature-sensitive resistance;
receive a second voltage from the second terminal of the temperature-sensitive resistance; and
provide temperature information based on the first voltage and the second voltage, the temperature information circuit including:
a first comparison circuit configured to determine a difference between the first voltage and the second voltage; and
a second comparison circuit configured to compare an output of the first comparison circuit to a reference.

US Pat. No. 10,190,918

CIRCUIT APPARATUS, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A circuit apparatus comprising:a voltage output circuit that outputs a first output voltage when a first current of first temperature characteristics flows in a resistance element, and a second output voltage when a second current of second temperature characteristics different from the first temperature characteristics flows in the resistance element, wherein the voltage output circuit includes
a first transistor configured to selectively provide the first current to the resistance element in a first period such that the voltage output circuit outputs the first output voltage in the first period, and
a second transistor configured to selectively provide the second current to the resistance element in a second period such that the voltage output circuit outputs the second output voltage in the second period;
an A/D conversion circuit that outputs a first digital value by performing A/D conversion on the first output voltage, and outputs a second digital value by performing A/D conversion on the second output voltage; and
a processing unit that obtains temperature data by digital calculation processing based on the first digital value and the second digital value.

US Pat. No. 10,190,917

SURFACE TEMPERATURE PROBE

ABB SCHWEIZ AG, Baden (C...

1. A surface temperature probe assembly, comprising:a surface temperature probe having a first geometric contact surface configured to determine a temperature in a vessel, the vessel having a second geometric contact surface, the first geometric contact surface contacting the second geometric contact surface in a punctiform and/or linear manner and being variably spaced apart from the second contact surface at least in part; and
a metal adapter, provided between the first geometric contact surface and the second geometric contact surface,
wherein a side of the metal adapter facing the vessel has a polygonal surface structure, and
wherein a side of the metal adapter facing the surface temperature probe includes a sack-shaped recess.

US Pat. No. 10,190,914

MOTION DETECTION FOR A/V RECORDING AND COMMUNICATION DEVICES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method for an audio/video (A/V) recording and communication device, including a motion sensor, the method comprising:gathering, by the motion sensor, information within a field of view of the A/V recording and communication device and generating an output signal;
sampling the output signal from the motion sensor during a first sampling interval;
calculating a first magnitude of the output signal during the first sampling interval;
sampling the output signal from the motion sensor during a second sampling interval;
calculating a second magnitude of the output signal during the second sampling interval;
calculating a difference between the first magnitude and the second magnitude;
comparing the difference between the first magnitude and the second magnitude to a threshold value; and
upon determining that the difference between the first magnitude and the second magnitude is greater than the threshold value, refraining from generating an alert signal.

US Pat. No. 10,190,912

OPTICAL SYSTEM OF A HIGH-RESOLUTION IMAGING SPECTROGRAPH FOR DEEP UV RAMAN SPECTROSCOPY

1. A device comprising:an elongated entrance aperture comprised of a slit, which is followed by a collimating objective, with a dispersive element inserted between the collimating objective and a following focusing objective, and
a multi-channel radiation detector arranged behind the focusing objective, wherein the collimating objective comprises at least a main aspherical mirror, wherein the focusing objective is formed by a set of lenses made of CaF2 and fused silica, and the dispersive element is formed by at least one of a diffraction grating and at least one optical prism that increases dispersion and corrects anamorphic magnification of the at least one diffraction grating;
wherein the device is capable of performing high resolution and high throughput Raman spectroscopy in the deep ultraviolet spectral region of 205 to 270 nm;
wherein the device is capable of lens speed of at least f/2;
further wherein the device is capable of achieving spectral resolution of less than 12 cm?1.

US Pat. No. 10,190,911

TARGETING SYSTEM FOR COLOR MEASUREMENT DEVICE

X-Rite, Inc., Grand Rapi...

1. A targeting system for a spectrophotometer for a targeting a sample plane, comprising:a plurality of fiber channels, comprising:
at least one measurement channel; and
at least one illumination channel;
a slit assembly comprising:
a translucent layer disposed adjacent the plurality of fiber channels,
reflective portion disposed adjacent the translucent layer; and
a slit;
wherein each fiber channel comprises a first end, the first end offset from the reflective portion of the slit assembly to allow light transfer from one fiber channel to an adjacent at least one measurement channel;
a first light source in optical communication with a second end of the at least one illumination channel; and
a second light source;
wherein the sample plane is in optical communication with a second end of the at least one measurement channel;
wherein during a targeting mode light is transmitted from the first light source, through the at least one illumination channel, reflected off the slit assembly, transmitted through the measurement channel, and onto the sample plane; and
wherein during a measurement mode, the sample plane is illuminated by the second light source in a same location as during the targeting mode, such that light reflected off the sample plane travels through the at least one measurement channel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,907

CONVEX WARM SHIELD FOR THERMAL IMAGING DEVICE

Raytheon Company, Waltha...

1. A warm shield as part of a thermal imaging system, comprising:a reflecting surface comprising a convex curvature when positioned relative to an opening of a thermal imaging system, wherein thermal energy originating from the opening of the thermal imaging system that is incident on the convex curvature is reflected in a direction away from the opening of the thermal imaging system; and
an aperture formed in the reflecting surface positioned to facilitate passage therethrough of external thermal energy in a direction towards the opening of the thermal imaging system, at least some of the thermal energy originating from within the thermal imaging system in a direction away from the thermal imaging system, wherein the convex curvature of the reflecting surface is tuned to compensate for an artifact displayed in the thermal imaging system caused by thermal energy originating from a component within the thermal imaging system.

US Pat. No. 10,190,903

DIGITAL FISHING NET SCALE CONFIGURED FOR INTEGRATION INTO A HOTSPOT SYSTEM

1. A digital fishing net scale for weighing a fish contained in the net, the scale comprising a hoop, a fishing net configured to contain a fish and connected to the hoop, a handle connected to the hoop and configured for holding the net during fishing and weighing, and a digital scale connected to the handle;wherein hoop, handle and their connection are configured with sufficient strength and rigidity for holding the net weighted by a fish;
wherein the scale is a digital scale that is comprised in a housing connected to the handle;
wherein the digital scale comprises computer executable code stored in non-volatile memory, a processor, a memory, a measuring component, a weighing module, a display, a storage component for data, and a communication component;
wherein the digital scale components are operably connected and are configured to perform the following steps:
measure the weight of a fish contained in the net over an amount of time;
provide one or more number value in a unit corresponding to the one or more weight measurement, or to an average thereof;
show the number value and its unit on the display;
store the number value and its unit, optional catch related data, and optional hotspot related data, at least until it is uploaded; and
upload the number value, optional related data, and optional hotspot related data via the communication component to an external data store.

US Pat. No. 10,190,902

LOW WATER SENSOR TESTING APPARATUS

1. A low water sensor testing apparatus comprising:a. a 2 piece threaded steel ball valve unit with spring return;
b. said 2 piece threaded steel ball valve unit with spring return having an internally threaded first end cavity portion, an internally threaded second cavity portion and a spring loaded ball valve handle component;
c. a first hollow main connector adapter unit;
d. said first hollow main connector adapter unit having an externally threaded first end portion and an unthreaded second end portion;
e. an E-shaped piping unit having an elongated body portion with a first through hole and a second through hole each cut within said body portion with each said through hole being bisected by one common, elongated surface axis of said body portion;
f. a first end segment and a second end segment of said elongated body portion;
g. a first stem portion of said E-shaped piping unit and having a first stem inner end segment and a first stem outer end segment;
h. a second stem portion of said E-shaped piping unit and having a second stem inner end segment and second stem outer end segment;
i. a second hollow main connector adapter unit;
j. said second hollow main connector adapter unit having an externally threaded first end portion and an unthreaded second end portion;
k. a first small hollow adapter unit with an unthreaded first end portion and an externally threaded second end portion;
l. a small ball valve unit having an internally threaded first end cavity portion and an externally threaded second end cavity portion and a ball valve handle component;
m. a second small hollow adapter unit having an unthreaded first end portion and an internally threaded second end portion;
n. a three way purge ball valve unit having an internally threaded first end cavity portion, an internally threaded second end cavity portion, a first ball valve handle component, an internally threaded third end cavity portion, an externally threaded fourth end cavity portion, an ancillary ball valve handle component, and an internally threaded fifth end cavity portion;
o. said externally threaded first end portion of said first hollow main connector adapter unit being threadably connected within said internally threaded second end cavity portion of said 2 piece threaded ball valve unit with spring return;
p. said unthreaded second end portion of said first hollow main connector adapter unit being soldered to and about said first end segment of said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit;
q. said first stem inner end segment being soldered to said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit at and about said first through hole cut within said body portion;
r. said first stem outer end segment being soldered to and within said unthreaded first end portion of said first small hollow adapter unit;
s. said small ball valve unit being threadably connected via said internally threaded first end cavity portion thereof to said externally threaded second end portion of said first small hollow adapter unit;
t. said second stem inner end segment being soldered to said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit at and about said second through hole cut within said body portion;
u. said second stem outer end segment being soldered to and within said unthreaded first end portion of said second small hollow adapter unit;
v. said internally threaded second end portion of said second small hollow adapter unit serving to threadably hold a low water sensor unit via external threading about a body portion of said sensor unit;
w. said second end segment of said elongated body portion of said E-shaped piping unit being soldered to and within said unthreaded second end portion of said second hollow main connector adapter unit;
x. said externally threaded first end portion of said second hollow main connector adapter unit being threadably connected within said internally threaded first end cavity portion of said three way purge ball valve unit;
y. said internally threaded first end cavity portion of said 2 piece threaded steel ball valve unit with spring return being amenable to being threadably connected with the externally threaded distal end portion of initial piping connected within a hole found within a building structure's hot water boiler unit, and;
z. said internally threaded second end cavity portion of said three way purge ball valve unit being amenable to being threadably connected with the externally threaded proximal end portion of outflow piping leading to said building structure's heating system.

US Pat. No. 10,190,895

METHOD FOR ASSEMBLING GAS SENSOR, AND GAS SENSOR ASSEMBLY APPARATUS

NGK INSULATORS, LTD., Na...

1. A method for assembling a gas sensor, the method comprising the steps of:(a) disposing an element dummy with its longitudinal direction coinciding a vertical direction, said element dummy having, a shape similar to a shape of a sensor element including ceramic as a main constituent material and having an elongated shape;
(b) fitting through holes of annular mounting parts with said element dummy from vertically above, said annular mounting parts each having a disc shape or cylindrical shape, said through holes each having a shape corresponding, to a cross-sectional shape of said sensor element;
(c) fitting a tubular body with outer peripheries of said annular mounting parts from vertically above;
(d) abuttingly disposing said sensor element on an upper end of said element dummy such that said element dummy and said sensor element arc arranged in line with each other;
(e) moving said element dummy vertically downward to move down said sensor element and fitting said through holes of said annular mounting parts with said sensor element, to thereby obtain a workpiece including said sensor element, said annular mounting parts, and said tubular body;
(f) vertically inverting a posture of said workpiece; and
(g) pressing said annular mounting parts, wherein:
in said step b, a plurality of parts including a powder compact of ceramic are fitted with said element dummy as said annular mounting parts, and
in said step (g), with a tip of said sensor element, located as a lowermost end of said workpiece after said step (f), being in contact with a sealing assist jig, said part located at an uppermost position among said annular mourning parts is pressed vertically downward to compress said powder compact, to thereby seal an inside of said tubular body, said sealing assist jig having a buffer performance against an impact exerted from vertically above.

US Pat. No. 10,190,894

TECHNOLOGIES FOR CONTROLLING DEGRADATION OF SENSING CIRCUITS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A sensor mote for performing a sensor function, the sensor mote comprising:a housing, wherein at least a portion of the housing is biodegradable;
at least one sensor located in the housing to produce sensor data indicative of a sensed stimulus;
a controller located in the housing to receive the sensor data and control operations of the sensor mote,
wherein the controller is to detect a trigger event and initiate degradation of the portion of the housing in response to detection of the trigger event; and
a communication subsystem to transmit a trigger signal to an another sensor mote in response to detection of the trigger event.

US Pat. No. 10,190,892

ENCODER

MITUTOYO CORPORATION, Ka...

1. An encoder comprising:a scale having a reference mark and having an incremental pattern;
a detection head configured to be relatively movable in a measurement direction with respect to the scale, and to detect a light intensity distribution of diffracted beams, when beams radiated onto the scale are diffracted by the reference mark and to output a detection result, the detection head including a light receiver, the light receiver being positioned so as to be able to detect diffracted beams other than a zeroth-order diffracted beam of light that passed through the reference mark; and
a signal processor configured to detect a reference position based on a position in the light intensity distribution where light intensity is lower than a predetermined value,
wherein the reference mark comprises a plurality of pattern areas arranged sequentially in the measurement direction and having a plurality of patterns each having a predetermined equal pitch in the measurement direction, each of the patterns comprising spaced pattern elements with the spaces between the pattern elements being devoid of pattern elements and
at least one pattern area of the plurality of pattern areas is disposed with an offset, in the measurement direction, with respect to a neighboring pattern area.

US Pat. No. 10,190,890

CAPACITANCE-TO-VOLTAGE CONVERSION CIRCUIT

MURATA MANUFACTURING CO.,...

1. A capacitance-to-voltage conversion circuit comprising:a variable capacitance element having a capacitance value that depends on a physical quantity applied to the variable capacitance element;
an integration circuit that outputs a voltage by integrating electric charges generated by the variable capacitance element;
a first sample and hold circuit that samples and holds the voltage output from the integration circuit; and
a second sample and hold circuit that simultaneously samples and holds the voltage in synchronism with the first sample and hold circuit during at least an initial sampling period of the first sample and hold circuit,
wherein the second sample and hold circuit further samples the voltage at a rear-end period in a subsequent sampling period of the first sample and hold circuit after the initial sampling period.

US Pat. No. 10,190,888

SURGICAL STAPLING INSTRUMENTS WITH LINEAR POSITION ASSEMBLY

Covidien LP, Mansfield, ...

1. A surgical stapling instrument, comprising:an elongate body having a proximal end and a distal end, the elongate body including a longitudinally translatable central shaft;
a cartridge assembly coupled to the distal end of the elongate body and defining a longitudinal axis, the cartridge assembly including a staple cartridge;
an anvil assembly selectively connectable to a distal end of the central shaft; and
a linear position assembly including:
a pair of opposing magnets mounted to the central shaft, wherein each magnet generates a magnetic field, the pair of opposing magnets each having a north pole and a south pole and being oriented such that the north poles of the pair of opposing magnets are adjacent one another or the south poles of the pair of opposing magnets are adjacent one another; and
a plurality of sensors fixed within the cartridge assembly and configured to sense a change in the magnetic fields upon a longitudinal movement of the pair of opposing magnets in response to an actuation of the central shaft to determine a linear position of the anvil assembly along the longitudinal axis relative to the staple cartridge.

US Pat. No. 10,190,887

MOBILE ELECTRONIC DEVICE, INFORMATION PROVISION METHOD, INFORMATION PROVISION CODE, AND INFORMATION PROVISION SYSTEM

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. A mobile electronic device comprising:a storage configured to store a plurality of items of information including a first item of information and a second item of information;
a display configured to display the first item of information and the second item of information; and
a controller configured to
cause the display to display a screen,
in response to that a movement state of the mobile electronic device is determined to be a first movement state,
cause the display to maintain displaying the screen and to start displaying an item based on the first item of information in accordance with the first movement state among the plurality of items of information at a first position on the screen, and
in response to that a movement state of the mobile electronic device is determined to be a second movement state,
cause the display to maintain displaying the screen and to start displaying, instead of the item based on the first item of information, an item based on the second item of information in accordance with the second movement state among the plurality of items of information at the first position on the screen.

US Pat. No. 10,190,886

NETWORK SYSTEM TO DETERMINE A ROUTE BASED ON TIMING DATA

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A network system comprising:one or more processors; and
one or more memory resources storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the network system to:
receive, over one or more networks from a user device of a user, a first set of data corresponding to a query related to a service and including data regarding a service location;
in response to receiving the first set of data, access a database to identify available items for selection by the user in association with the service, the available items being provided by a plurality of entities, each of the plurality of entities providing different sets of available items;
receive, over the one or more networks from the user device, a second set of data corresponding to a request for service and that identifies a set of items selected by the user from the available items, the set of items being provided by two or more selected entities of the plurality of entities;
in response to receiving the second set of data, select a service provider from a plurality of service providers to provide the service; and
determine a route of navigation for the service provider based at least in part on a current location of the service provider, mapping information accessed from a map database, and respective timing information associated with each item of the set of selected items.

US Pat. No. 10,190,885

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR PROVIDING SERVICE USING A SENSOR AND IMAGE RECOGNITION IN A PORTABLE TERMINAL

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a camera;
a display;
a storage storing instructions; and
a processor configured to execute the instructions to at least:
obtain real-time images from the camera,
identify an object within the obtained real-time images,
display an augmented reality (AR) graphical object related to the identified object on the display while obtaining the real-time images,
based on an input corresponding to a capture event, generate a first image by combining the AR graphical object and one of the obtained real-time images only while displaying the AR graphical object on the display,
store the generated first image in the storage, and
display the generated first image stored in the storage on the display in response to executing an application related to the generated first image including the AR graphical object.

US Pat. No. 10,190,883

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR SUPPORTING A DRIVER OF A VEHICLE

Audi AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for supporting a driver of a vehicle, comprising:guiding the driver with a navigation device of the vehicle from a starting point to a destination via a defined driving route;
automatically detecting with the navigation device whether the vehicle has deviated from the defined driving route;
when it is detected that the vehicle has deviated from the defined driving route, determining with the navigation device whether an amount of propulsion energy stored in an energy storage device of the vehicle is sufficient to still reach at least one energy refilling station;
when an energy refilling station can no longer be reached by the vehicle, automatically establishing a phone connection with a vehicle-external help center with a phone device of the vehicle, prior to the vehicle becoming stranded, or
when an energy refilling station can no longer be reached by the vehicle, automatically displaying to the driver with a display device of the vehicle prior to the vehicle becoming stranded, a signal that the driver should establish a phone connection with a vehicle-external help center;
when a phone connection with the vehicle-external help center is established, transmitting vehicle data with a data transmitting device of the vehicle to the vehicle-external help center,
wherein the vehicle data include at least one member selected from the group consisting of data regarding the actual position of the vehicle, data regarding the average propulsion energy consumption of the vehicle, data regarding an amount of propulsion energy stored in the energy storage device of the vehicle, and data regarding an actual energy consumption of the vehicle; and
in response to transmission of data regarding the actual energy consumption of the vehicle to the vehicle-external help center, controlling by the vehicle-external help center with a control device at least one energy setting device of the vehicle with which an energy consumption of the vehicle can be set and/or changed.

US Pat. No. 10,190,880

ELECTRONIC TIMEPIECE

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. An electronic timepiece comprising:a first indicating hand;
a second indicating hand;
a receiver that receives position identification information for identifying a current position;
a magnetic sensor; and
a controller that determines a direction to a destination based on the position identification information received by the receiver, an output from the magnetic sensor, and destination information representing a position of the destination and determines a distance to the destination based on the position identification information and the destination information,
wherein the first indicating hand indicates the direction to the destination, and the second indicating hand displays the distance to the destination.

US Pat. No. 10,190,879

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING GROUND POSITION CHANGES

PHILIPS LIGHTING HOLDING ...

1. A system for detecting localized ground position changes with an overall area, comprising:a plurality of lighting units each fixed to the ground and mounted within the overall area, wherein each lighting unit comprises a movement detection and/or positioning system and a transmitter for transmitting movement and/or positioning information to a remote central processing unit; and
the central processing unit for receiving the movement and/or positioning information from the plurality of fixed lighting units and adapted to process the received positioning information to identify local ground position changes;
wherein the central processing unit is adapted to identify a local around position change based on position and/or movement information from a plurality of lighting units in close proximity to each other having correlated ground position changes, and optionally wherein the correlated position changes correspond to position changes in the same direction or towards or away from a common point.

US Pat. No. 10,190,878

UNIVERSAL LIQUID ANGLE INDICATOR

1. A liquid angle indicator, consisting of the base with a graduated glass tube attached to it, which contains liquid and an indicator, i.e. an air bubble, differing by having an open loop semicircular glass tube, its ends are attached to the rectangular plate (base). (FIG. 1).

US Pat. No. 10,190,877

LEVEL APPARATUS

1. An electronic level mechanism comprising:a device housing;
at least one printed circuit board;
an inhibitor housing;
an inhibitor comprising:
a triangular portion, wherein the triangular portion comprises an attachment aperture;
at least two arms, wherein each individual of the at least two arms comprises a ninety degree aperture;
wherein a first of the at least two arms extends vertically on a first side of the inhibitor and wherein a second of the at least two arms extends vertically on a second side of the inhibitor;
a substantially rectangular body comprising at least two forty five degree apertures;
a base comprising a rectangular protrusion and a aperture for horizontal leveling;
an emitter comprising at least one optocoupler and a transmitter for transmitting at least one beam;
a receiver comprising at least one optocoupler;
wherein the inhibitor housing, emitter and receiver are located inside the device housing;
a power switch;
a match switch;
a power LED;
a match LED;
an LED located on the device housing;
at least one printed circuit board (“PCB”) comprising a first amplifier and a second amplifier;
wherein actuation of the power switch allows power to flow through the main PCB and to return to first PCB conditioned and allows the LED to be activated and that indicate system ready for use and provide a match condition at a set of angles; and
wherein subsequent actuation of the match switch allows power to flow to the first amplifier and the second amplifier for comparison of the output from the receiver to see when the inhibitor has passed infrared (“IR”) energy to the receiver or when IR energy reaches the receiver and exceeds a threshold of the second amplifier, the second amplifier's output activates the Match LED as the level mechanism is oriented at different levels on a work piece and the emitter passes the at least one beam through the appropriate opening in the inhibitor when the predetermined selected position is achieved.

US Pat. No. 10,190,874

METROLOGY OF MULTIPLE PATTERNING PROCESSES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A method comprising:providing a first amount of illumination light to a first plurality of measurement sites on a semiconductor wafer, wherein each of the first plurality of measurement sites includes at least one multiple patterned metrology target characterized by at least one parameter of interest generated by at least two patterning steps of a multiple patterning process, wherein a pitch of the at least one multiple patterned target fabricated by the multiple patterning process is a multiple of a pitch of a mask of a lithography system employed as part of the multiple patterning process, wherein the at least one parameter of interest is indicative of a geometric error that results from the multiple patterning process, wherein at least one of the multiple patterned metrology targets located at one or more of the first plurality of measurement sites is different from at least one of another of the multiple patterned metrology targets;
detecting an amount of light from each of the first plurality of measurement sites in response to the first amount of illumination light provided to each of the first plurality of measurement sites on the semiconductor wafer, the detected amount of light comprising a first amount of optical measurement data;
receiving the first amount of optical measurement data associated with the measurements of the first plurality of measurement sites on the semiconductor wafer;
determining a value of the at least one parameter of interest associated with each of the first plurality of measurement sites based on the first amount of measurement data and a signal response metrology (SRM) model, wherein the SRM model is an input-output model measurement model that directly relates the received optical measurement data to a value of the at least one parameter of interest; and
storing the value of the at least one parameter of interest in a memory.

US Pat. No. 10,190,872

PHOTODETECTION DEVICE INCLUDING INTERFERENCE ELEMENT

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A photodetection device, comprising:an image sensor that includes first pixels and second pixels;
an interference element that includes incident regions; and
illumination that emits light in a first wavelength band and light in a second wavelength band different from the first wavelength band, wherein
the interference element:
causes first interference of part of the light in the first wavelength band incident on two incident regions that are included in the incident regions and that are adjacent to each other, and guides resultant light of the first interference to any of the first pixels and guides another part of the light in the first wavelength band incident on the two incident regions to any of the second pixels, and
causes second interference of part of the light in the second wavelength band incident on the two incident regions, and guides resultant light of the second interference to any of the first pixels and guides another part of the light in the second wavelength band incident on the two incident regions to any of the second pixels.

US Pat. No. 10,190,869

INFORMATION PROCESSING DEVICE AND INFORMATION PROCESSING METHOD

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. An information processing device, comprising:a processor configured to:
collect information indicating a plurality of visual target positions from a plurality of viewpoints, wherein the plurality of viewpoints are in a space;
evaluate a plurality of positions in the space based on density of the plurality of visual target positions;
control an image sensor to obtain image data, wherein the image sensor obtains the image data based on an imaging operation on an inside of the space;
acquire the image data from the image sensor;
edit the image data based on the evaluated plurality of positions in the space; and
generate, based on the edited image data, free-viewpoint image data to provide a free viewpoint image.

US Pat. No. 10,190,868

METROLOGY SYSTEM, METHOD, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM PRODUCT EMPLOYING AUTOMATIC TRANSITIONING BETWEEN UTILIZING A LIBRARY AND UTILIZING REGRESSION FOR MEASUREMENT PROCESSING

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

9. A metrology system, comprising:(1) a computer subsystem for:
operating the metrology system in a first mode to perform measurement processing utilizing a library, including:
(a) collecting, by the metrology system, signals from a fabricated semiconductor device by:
a light source of the metrology system directing light towards one or more areas of the fabricated semiconductor device, and
a detector of the metrology system receiving light reflected from the one or more areas of the fabricated semiconductor device, generating the signals responsive to the received light, and outputting the signals to a computer subsystem, and
(b) processing the signals utilizing the library to obtain measurements for the fabricated semiconductor device;
while operating the metrology system in the first mode, determining that a first predetermined condition has been met, including that a quality of a measurement is below a predefined threshold quality; and
in response to determining that the first predetermined condition has been met, automatically transitioning the metrology system from operating in the first mode to operating in a second mode to perform the measurement processing in association with the measurement, utilizing regression, the transitioning being performed by:
automatically selecting, by the metrology system, fixed parameters that are to be added as floating parameters for the measurement processing utilizing the regression, and
adding the selected fixed parameters as the floating parameters for the measurement processing utilizing the regression; and
(2) a dedicated regression processing cluster of the metrology system or the computer subsystem for:
operating the metrology system in the second mode to perform the measurement processing in association with the measurement, utilizing the regression, including:
performing the regression in association with the measurement utilizing the floating parameters.

US Pat. No. 10,190,866

FABRY-PEROT CAVITY, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, INTERFEROMETER AND MEASURING METHOD FOR WAVELENGTH OF LIGHT

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A Fabry-Perot cavity, comprising:two parallel substrates and a liquid crystal layer between the two parallel substrates, and a sealed cavity is defined between the two substrates;
wherein the two substrates comprise a first substrate and a second substrate, light operably enters through the first substrate and runs out from the second substrate via the liquid crystal layer, and a deflection angle of the liquid crystal layer is operably changed by applying various voltage between the two substrates,
wherein each substrate comprises a transparent substrate and a metal layer provided on the transparent substrate; the metal layers of the two substrates are disposed facing with each other; at least one end of the transparent substrate of the first substrate is not covered by the metal layer so as to define a transparent incidence opening.

US Pat. No. 10,190,865

VERIFYING END EFFECTOR FLATNESS USING ELECTRICAL CONTINUITY

Lam Research Corporation,...

1. A system for measuring flatness of an end effector in a semiconductor processing tool, the system comprising:an end effector that is at least partially electrically conductive and is configured to move in a z-direction, an x-direction, and a y-direction, wherein the z-direction is in the vertical direction, the x-direction is orthogonal to the y-direction, and the x-direction and the y-direction are perpendicular to the z-direction;
a probe;
an electrical continuity detector configured to detect electrical continuity between the probe and the end effector when the probe and the end effector are in electrically conductive contact; and
a controller configured to:move the end effector in the z-direction to cause electrically conductive contact between the end effector and the probe.

US Pat. No. 10,190,863

METHOD FOR MEASURING THE THICKNESS OF A LAYER OF RUBBER-LIKE MATERIAL

Compagnie Generale des Et...

1. A method for measuring a thickness of a layer of rubber-like material that includes a free face in contact with air and a face joined to an adjacent reinforcement made of elements electrically insulated from one another, each of the elements containing at least one hysteretic material having a magnetic permeability greater than a magnetic permeability of air, the method comprising steps of:causing a sensitive element, which emits an alternating magnetic field, to be moved towards the layer of rubber-like material;
measuring hysteretic losses in the adjacent reinforcement, the hysteretic losses being measured at terminals of the sensitive element; and
evaluating a thickness of the layer of rubber-like material based on the hysteretic losses.

US Pat. No. 10,190,862

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR HIGH PRECISION CABLE LENGTH MEASUREMENT IN A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

Marvell World Trade Ltd.,...

1. A method for cable length measurement in a communication system, the method comprising:transmitting, at a transmitter, a plurality of data symbols at a first data rate via a wired data communication link;
in response to the transmitting, receiving, at a receiver, a reflection signal from the wired data communication link;
obtaining, at a signal sampler, a phase shift number of shifting sampling phases for sampling the received reflection signal;
sampling, at the sampler, the received reflection signal based on the phase shift number of shifting sampling phases to generate reflection samples, each reflection sample corresponding to a sampled value of the received reflection signal shifted by a sampling phase from the phase shift number of shifting sampling phases;
combining the reflection samples with different sampling phases to generate a phase shift number of reflection samples corresponding to a second data rate higher than the first data rate;
for each data symbol of the plurality of data symbols, generating a phase shift number of data symbols with different shifted phases corresponding to the phase shift number of shifting sampling phases, and
for each respective data symbol of the phase shift number of data symbols, subtracting the respective data symbol from a respective reflection sample of the phase shift number of reflection samples, respectively, to obtain a plurality of reflection response samples at the second data rate;
determining, at a cable length calculation unit, a delay parameter indicative of a transmission time for a signal to transmit from the transmitter to an end of the wired data communication link based on values of the plurality of reflection response samples of reflection response samples; and
generating, at the cable length calculation unit, an estimate of a length of the data communication link based at least in part on the determined delay parameter.

US Pat. No. 10,190,855

BULLET COLLECTING BOX CAPABLE OF STACKING AND INSTALLING, AND BULLET COLLECTING SYSTEM FOR PREVENTING OCCURRENCE OF LEAD FUME IN INDOOR SHOOTING RANGE USING THE BULLET COLLECTING BOX

1. A bullet collecting system comprising:a gun firing position which fires bullets from a gun using a bullet in an indoor shooting range;
a target which is spaced apart by a first distance from the gun firing position;
a bullet collecting unit which is located in a rear side of the target and which collects bullets that are fired by the gun and flying, an internal space of which is filled with rubber powder filling materials having a particle size of 0.1-3 mm;
air suction ducts which are installed in at least two places on a bottom surface of the indoor shooting range between the gun firing position and the bullet collecting unit and which suck gunpowder smokes and dusts including lead fume generated when firing bullets from the gun; and
an induction blower which is connected with the air suction ducts, and which can discharge gunpowder smokes and dusts, including the lead fume, outside the indoor shooting range by moving air within the air suction ducts,
wherein the bullet collecting unit includes:
a beaten zone structure frame which is fabricated so as to occupy a three dimensional space by combining metal material-made square pipes in a lattice shape, in which a first inclined installation pipes located on the front is installed to be inclined at an angle of 45-90° with respect to the bottom surface of the indoor shooting range;
a pipe protective pad for protecting square pipes without damage when the bullets collide with the square pipes, by wrapping the square pipes forming the beaten zone structure frame;
a second inclined installation pipe which is installed in a lower side of the first inclined installation pipes so as to be inclined at an angle of 20-80° with respect to the bottom surface of the indoor shooting range;
a fire protection plate which is installed to be inclined with respect to the bottom surface by mounting to the second inclined installation pipe;
a front rubber plate which covers the front portion of the beaten zone structure frame and which is supported by the first inclined installation pipes;
a bullet collecting space which is formed by a space between the front rubber plate and the fire protection plate; and
a rubber powder filling material filled in the bullet collecting space,
whereby the bullet collecting system prevents occurrence of lead fume in the indoor shooting range.

US Pat. No. 10,190,853

TEXTILE MADE FROM CHAINS AND PROCESS FOR ITS MANUFACTURE

1. A method for making a textile from a first and second pre-existing chain segments, said chain segments comprised of at least one chain link, said method comprising the steps of:placing the first and second chain segments of on a substrate, said substrate being substantially planar;
stitching the first and second chain segments together on the substrate using at least one thread where the at least one thread passes through the substrate and through a first link in the first of the chain segment and through a second link in the second chain segment;
and removing the substrate from the stitched chain segments without disturbing the threads.

US Pat. No. 10,190,851

WINDAGE MECHANISM

1. A sight comprising:a frame having an opening formed therein;
a boss, wherein a portion of the boss is positioned within the opening and selectively held by the frame;
a knob rotatably attached to a first end of the boss;
a sight pin mount having a stem, the stem located within a bore formed in the boss;
a sight pin attached to the sight pin mount and engaged with the boss and the knob; and
wherein movement of the boss within the frame moves the sight pin laterally; and
wherein the knob is in threaded engagement with the stem such that when the knob is rotated in a first direction the sight pin moves in first lateral direction; and when the knob is rotated in a second direction the sight pin moves in second lateral direction.

US Pat. No. 10,190,850

SNIPER DASHBOARD

1. A sniper dashboard comprising:a support arm including a clamping member configured to be removably mounted to a rail interface system of a firearm, the support arm comprising a raised mounting surface having two v-shaped grooves formed thereon, the two v-shaped grooves being disposed orthogonally, and a threaded bore defined at an intersection of the two v-shaped grooves;
a mounting block comprising a v-shaped protrusion shaped to selectively fit within either of the two v-shaped grooves and an unthreaded bore defined by the mounting block such that the unthreaded bore aligns with the threaded bore of the support arm when the v-shaped protrusion fits within either of the two v-shaped grooves;
a mounting screw configured to threadedly engage the threaded bore;
a compression spring disposed about a shaft of the mounting screw and between a head of the mounting screw and the mounting block;
a display panel rotatably mounted to the support arm; and
an attachment mechanism for removably attaching a ballistics data card or calculator to the display panel,
wherein the compression spring maintains engagement of the v-shaped protrusion with one of the two v-shaped grooves and upon a rotating force being applied to the mounting block, the compression spring yields to allow rotation of the v-shaped protrusion between the other of the two v-shaped grooves.

US Pat. No. 10,190,847

RECOIL SPRING GUIDE MOUNTED TARGET MARKER

Crosman Corporation, Blo...

1. An electronic device for use with a firearm, comprising:a circuit board having a first end and a second end;
a laser module having an outer surface;
a lead joined between the first end of the circuit board and the laser module to position the outer surface of the laser module in a longitudinal relation to the second end; and,
a first portion of a firearm component having an exterior surface and an interior with a first opening shaped to receive the laser module outer surface and a second opening longitudinally separated from the first opening;
wherein the first opening and the interior of the first portion of the firearm component are configured to allow the second end of the circuit board to be inserted through the first opening into the interior with the interior being shaped to interact with the outer surface of the laser module to position the second end at a predetermined longitudinal relation with respect to the second opening.

US Pat. No. 10,190,845

PIN PUSHER FOR FIREARMS

1. A pin pusher for firearms, comprising:a finger ring having a resilient generally annular body adapted to encompass and resiliently compress about a periphery of at least one human phalange;
a pin punch affixed on a first end with, supported by, and protruding from said finger ring, said pin punch adapted to contact and transfer force to a removable firearm pin and thereby move said removable firearm pin relative to a firearm; and
a mirror adjacent to a junction between said finger ring and said pin punch.

US Pat. No. 10,190,843

PROJECTILE MAGAZINE AND SIMULATED WEAPON HAVING SAME

1. A magazine for projectiles in a simulated weapon, the magazine comprising:a housing defining an internal chamber, the housing further including a gas inlet situated at an inlet portion of the internal chamber and an outlet situated at an outlet portion of the internal chamber, the internal chamber of the housing shaped to accommodate a series of projectiles; and
a restraining element positioned at the outlet portion of the internal chamber, the restraining element configured to restrain a leading projectile of the series of projectiles against pressure from pressurized gas applied to the gas inlet, the restraining element configured to release the leading projectile as pressure across the leading projectile rises;
a bypass passage for gas to flow past the leading projectile when the leading projectile is restrained by the restraining element.

US Pat. No. 10,190,840

FIREARM SUPPORT

1. A support for attachment to a firearm having a lower rail, the support comprising:a body member having a top surface, a bottom surface, a front, a rear, a first side, and a second side;
a pair of parallel rails extending across the top surface from the rear to the front to form a channel configured to receive and hold the lower rail;
a pair of first extensions extending from the front and terminating in a pair of forward-facing surfaces, wherein the pair of first extensions are symmetrical about a plane defined by a set of points equidistant from the first outer wall and the second outer wall;
a two-pronged claw extending from the bottom surface proximate the front, each prong of the claw terminating in a bottom edge, wherein the bottom edges and the forward-facing surfaces form a plane;
a second extension extending from the bottom surface proximate the rear and terminating in a rounded lip;
wherein the pair of first extensions and the two-pronged claw form a substantially concave surface configured to receive curved surfaces, and
wherein the two-pronged claw and second extension form a substantially concave surface configured to receive curved surfaces.

US Pat. No. 10,190,839

FIREARM BARREL ALIGNMENT GUIDE

6. A firearm barrel alignment guide assembly, comprising:a firearm adapter configured to temporarily attach to a firearm;
a barrel alignment guide attached to the firearm adapter, the barrel alignment guide having:
a proximal end, a distal end, and a body extending therebetween;
a projectile aperture aligned with a longitudinal axis of the body;
the body including a funnel, the funnel having a proximal end with a lateral extent greater than an outer diameter of a muzzle end of a firearm barrel and an inner surface that is tapered in a distal direction, such that the funnel directs the firearm barrel into axial alignment with the projectile aperture when a force brings the funnel and the firearm barrel into contact with each other;
a distal end of the funnel having an inner diameter less than the outer diameter of the muzzle end of the firearm barrel and the distal end of the funnel terminating proximate the projectile aperture;
whereby the inner surface of the funnel is in direct contact with the muzzle end of the firearm barrel and the muzzle end of the firearm barrel extends distally beyond the proximal end of the funnel when the firearm adapter is attached to the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,190,838

GUN SAFETY DEVICE

1. A device for controlling access to a firearm having a barrel with one or more features located proximal to a muzzle of the firearm, the device comprising:a lock housing with a base component coupled to a receptacle component, wherein the receptacle component includes a cavity configured for insertion therein of at least a portion of the barrel;
a key structure coupled to the base component of the lock housing, wherein the key structure is arranged to receive a key;
a lock mechanism coupled to the key structure and arranged for actuation by the key;
a lock mechanism shaft coupled to the lock mechanism and configured for rotational movement upon actuation of the lock mechanism;
a cam having a distal end and a proximal end, wherein the distal end of the cam is in contact with the lock mechanism shaft such that rotational movement of the lock mechanism shaft causes axial movement of the cam;
a bidirectional rotatable shaft coupled to the proximal end of the cam and arranged for insertion into the barrel;
a plurality of extended arms coupled to a perimeter of the cam and arranged for pivotal and radial movement to secure at least a portion of the barrel in the cavity of the lock housing; and
a plurality of tabs arranged on the plurality of extended arms for engagement with an exterior surface of the barrel to retain the muzzle within the lock housing,
wherein the plurality of tabs includes one or more top tabs arranged to secure any blade-like front sight, front sight base, foundation or bead of the firearm.

US Pat. No. 10,190,837

ADJUSTABLE GUN LOCK

1. An adjustable gun lock for a gun with a trigger, wherein the trigger comprises a first side and a second side, comprising:a mounting device, comprising;
a rail adaptor,
a first side and a second side,
a first trigger guard, engaged with the first side of the rail adaptor, comprised of an extendable fan linkage, wherein the extendable fan linkage is comprised of a plurality of interconnected links that block the first side of the trigger in a fan-like manner when extended,
a second trigger guard, engaged with the second side of the rail adaptor, comprised of an extendable fan linkage, wherein the extendable fan linkage is comprised of a plurality of interconnected links that block the second side of the trigger in a fan-like manner when extended,
a first locking mechanism, further comprising;
at least one locking pin, wherein the locking pin, when in a locked position, engages the fan linkage of the first trigger guard and prevents the extendable fan linkage of the first trigger guard from extending,
an actuator, wherein the actuator moves the at least one locking pin into an unlocked position,
a second locking mechanism, further comprising;
at least one locking pin, wherein the locking pin, when in a locked position, engages the fan linkage of the second trigger guard and prevents the extendable fan linkage of the second trigger guard from extending,
an actuator, wherein the actuator moves the at least one locking pin into an unlocked position,
at least one locking electronic device, wherein the locking electronic device is engaged with the actuator of the first locking mechanism and the actuator of the second locking mechanism.

US Pat. No. 10,190,833

MECHANICALLY CONFORMABLE MICRO-HEAT EXCHANGERS AND METHODS FOR USE IN THERMAL MANAGEMENT OF TARGET COMPONENTS

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A mechanically conformable micro-heat exchanger, for use in managing temperature of a subject component, comprising:a heat-transfer fluid including nanoparticles, the heat-transfer fluid being surface functionalized to, in operation, cool or heat a subject component in a predetermined manner;
a physically flexible substrate configured to change shape easily by manual manipulation; and
a physically flexible fluid tube being connected to the substrate and also configured to change shape easily by manual manipulation;
wherein:
the nanoparticles of the heat-transfer fluid have more particle dispersion, or are more isolated, than nanoparticles of the heat-transfer fluid if not surface functionalized;
the mechanically conformable micro-heat exchanger can be changed manually from an initial shape to a first shape to conform to a first-subject-component shape of the subject component;
the fluid tube comprises a fluid-tube opening and a fluid-tube exit, and a heat-transfer tube section positioned between the fluid-tube opening and the fluid-tube exit;
the fluid tube is configured to receive the heat-transfer fluid via the fluid-tube opening and channel the heat-transfer fluid, from the fluid-tube opening, through the heat-transfer tube section, and to the fluid-tube exit; and
the heat-transfer fluid is configured to cool or heat the subject component when, in operation of the mechanically conformable micro-heat exchanger, the heat-transfer fluid is channeled through the heat-transfer tube section.

US Pat. No. 10,190,830

THERMAL MODULE ASSEMBLING STRUCTURE

ASIA VITAL COMPONENTS CO....

1. A thermal module assembling structure comprising:a base seat formed with a channel and at least one hole, the channel being recessed and formed on one side of the base seat and having an inner lateral wall dislodged by the at least one hole towards a centerline of the channel, the inner lateral wall ending at the one side in at least one projecting claw section, and the inner lateral wall further having at least one protrusion section between the at least one projecting claw section and the at least one hole in the lateral direction of the channel, the at least one hole being recessed and formed on the one side of the base seat in adjacency to the channel and corresponding to the at least one protrusion section and the at least one projecting claw section formed on the lateral inner wall of the channel; and
a heat pipe, one end of the heat pipe being received in the channel, the heat pipe having at least one insertion recess dislodged by the at least one protrusion section and formed on an outer side of the one end of the heat pipe, the at least one protrusion section being integrally fitted and inserted in the at least one insertion recess such that one side of the one end of the heat pipe is received in and attached to the channel and such that an other side is flush with the one side of the base seat.

US Pat. No. 10,190,825

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING TEMPERATURE OF A METAL MELT IN AN ELECTRIC ARC FURNACE

ABB Schweiz AG, Baden (C...

1. A method for determining a tapping time for a metal melt in an electric arc furnace (EAF), wherein at least one electrode is provided for melting the metal melt until it reaches a target tapping temperature, wherein the EAF further comprises a slag and smoke layer on a surface of the metal melt, wherein an electromagnetic stirrer is provided for stirring the metal melt, the method comprising:a) supplying a power to the electrode in order to melt a scrap to the metal melt,
b) stirring the metal melt in the EAF using the electromagnetic stirrer,
c) arranging a lance unit dedicatedly configured to include an inert gas,
d) blowing away the slag and smoke from the surface of the metal melt using the inert gas from the dedicatedly arranged lance unit,
e) non-contactingly measuring a temperature of the metal melt,
f) receiving the measured temperature,
g) calculating a temperature profile based on the measured temperature using a temperature control unit,
h) estimating a tapping temperature at a first time point based on the calculated temperature profile using the temperature control unit, and
i) determining the tapping time based on the estimated tapping temperature at the first time point, the target tapping temperature, and the power supplied to the electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,190,816

DOOR FOR REFRIGERATOR AND REFRIGERATOR

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A door for a refrigerator, the door comprising:a door housing defining a front surface of the door;
a thermal insulation material disposed in said door housing, wherein said thermal insulation material is combined with said door housing;
a concave portion recessed backwards from said front surface of the door, wherein one end of said concave portion has a ramp extending forwards; and
a detachable member isolated from said thermal insulation material and connected to said door housing, at least one part of said ramp is formed by said detachable member, said at least one part of said ramp being inclined relative to said front surface of the door.

US Pat. No. 10,190,815

DOMESTIC REFRIGERATION APPLIANCE

BSH Hausgeraete GmbH, Mu...

1. A domestic refrigeration appliance, comprising:a heat-insulated inner container delimiting a coolable interior for storing foodstuffs;
a refrigeration device for cooling said coolable interior;
a door leaf for opening and closing said coolable interior;
hinges mounting said door leaf along an axis in an articulated manner relative to said inner container, at least one of said hinges being a self-closing hinge acting on said door leaf up to a first opening angle of said door leaf for automatically closing said door leaf; and
an opening aid device including an actuator, a tappet being movable at least indirectly back and forth by said actuator between a first position and a second position, a sensor for identifying pushing on and pulling on said door leaf, and an electronic control device being activated by said sensor and being configured to operate said actuator:
to enable said door leaf to be closed if said tappet is in said first position,
to move said tappet from said first position to said second position to push open said closed door leaf through a second opening angle being smaller than said first opening angle by using said tappet,
to move said tappet automatically into said first position immediately or with a time delay after reaching said second position,
to automatically move said tappet immediately from said first position into said second position upon pulling on said closed door leaf, and
to automatically move said tappet from said first position into said second position with a time delay after said sensor identifies a pushing on said closed door leaf, in order to prevent said opening aid device from pushing said door leaf open during said pushing on said closed door leaf.

US Pat. No. 10,190,813

REFRIGERATOR AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE SAME

LG Electronics Inc., Seo...

1. A refrigerator comprising:a cabinet including a refrigerating compartment and a freezing compartment provided at a lower section of the refrigerating compartment;
a refrigerating compartment door configured to selectively open or close the refrigerating compartment;
a freezing compartment door configured to selectively open or close the freezing compartment;
a partition wall provided between the refrigerating compartment and the freezing compartment;
an insulation material provided within the partition wall;
a compartment recessed from a top surface of the partition wall, wherein the compartment extends a predetermined length in a first direction, the first direction extending from a front of the refrigerator toward a rear of the refrigerator;
a compartment lid provided above the compartment and configured to selectively open or close the compartment;
a receiving portion formed in the insulation material;
a heater mounted on the receiving portion, wherein the heater extends a predetermined length in the first direction such that the heater is provided underneath a majority of the compartment;
a refrigerator temperature sensor detecting a temperature of the refrigerating compartment or the freezing compartment of the refrigerator; and
a control unit adjusting an operation factor or output of the heater on the basis of a temperature value detected by the refrigerator temperature sensor, wherein the insulation material includes:
a first insulation part provided between an upper portion of the heater and a bottom of the compartment; and
a second insulation part provided between a lower portion of the heater and a bottom of the partition wall.

US Pat. No. 10,190,812

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR REDUCING THE POSSIBILITY OF VEHICLE HEAT EXCHANGER FREEZING

Ford Global Technologies,...

14. A vehicle system, comprising:an evaporator including evaporator fins;
a compressor in fluidic communication with the evaporator;
a condenser in fluidic communication with the evaporator and the compressor;
grille shutters; and
a controller including executable instructions stored in non-transitory memory for:
adjusting a temperature threshold in response to a grille shutter position of the grille shutters,
in response to a temperature of the evaporator fins being within a predetermined temperature of the temperature threshold and a rate of change of the temperature of the evaporator fins exceeding a threshold rate of change, performing an action to reduce a possibility of evaporator fin freezing; and
adjusting the temperature threshold in response to ambient temperature, where the adjustment based on the grille shutter position is a larger adjustment than the adjustment in response to the ambient temperature.

US Pat. No. 10,190,811

POSITIVE AIR PRESSURE ICE MAKING AND DISPENSING SYSTEM

1. A method for making ice in an ice maker having an ice producing subsystem and an ice storage device including a door, comprising:(a) receiving water from a water supply;
(b) creating ice, in the ice producing subsystem, using the received water;
(c) creating and maintaining, using a fan, a positive air pressure environment within the ice making machine, the positive air pressure environment within the ice making machine being an environment having an air pressure greater than an air pressure of ambient air outside the ice making machine;
(d) activating the fan, when a measured air pressure within the ice producing subsystem is below a predetermined air pressure, to maintain the positive air pressure environment within the ice making machine;
(e) providing an air shield between the ice producing subsystem and the ice storage device, the air shield having an open position and a closed position, the air shield being biased to the closed position, the air shield being in the closed position when the air pressure in the ice producing subsystem is equal to the air pressure in the ice storage device;
(f) maintaining, when the air shield is in the closed position, a positive air pressure environment within the ice producing subsystem, the positive air pressure environment within the ice producing subsystem being an environment having an air pressure greater than the air pressure of the ambient air outside the ice making machine;
(g) transferring the created ice from the ice producing subsystem to the ice storage device when the air shield is in the open position; and
(h) transitioning, when an air pressure in the ice producing subsystem is greater than an air pressure in the ice storage device is caused by the door of the ice storage device transitioning to an opened position, the air shield from the closed position to the open position to enable air flow from the ice producing subsystem to the ice storage device.

US Pat. No. 10,190,808

REFRIGERATION SYSTEM WITH PURGE AND ACID FILTER

TRANE INTERNATIONAL INC.,...

1. A centrifugal chiller system, comprising:a compressor;
a condenser;
an expansion device;
an evaporator;
the compressor, the condenser, the expansion device, and the evaporator are fluidly connected to form a refrigeration circuit;
a purge fluidly connected to the condenser to receive a chiller refrigerant flowing through the centrifugal chiller system from the condenser, the purge configured to remove one or more non-condensable gases from the chiller refrigerant, the chiller refrigerant being a low pressure refrigerant that operates at less than atmospheric pressure; and
an acid filter operatively connected to the purge, the acid filter configured to remove one or more acids from the chiller refrigerant,
wherein the acid filter is disposed within the purge, or is located fluidly between the condenser and the purge.

US Pat. No. 10,190,804

SOLAR MODULE POSITIONING SYSTEM

1. A positioning system, comprising:a support subsystem having a first mechanism for controlling rotational adjustments about a first axis and a second mechanism for controlling rotational adjustments about a second axis;
a sensor subsystem comprised of at least three pairs of infrared sensors similarly oriented;
a drive mechanism for driving the first mechanism in first and second directions that are opposite to each other;
wherein the drive mechanism is configured to drive the second mechanism in first and second directions that are opposite to each other;
a comparator coupled to the sensor subsystem and an integrated circuit; and
the integrated circuit coupled to a pulse width modulator to process data received from the sensor subsystem through the comparator and to generate at least one signal that is sent to at least one of the first and second mechanisms.

US Pat. No. 10,190,802

SOLAR HEATING APPARATUS

King Saud University, Ri...

1. A solar heating apparatus, comprising:at least one optical element;
a drive assembly configured for selectively moving the at least one optical element along multiple axes of rotation, the drive assembly having an elevation shaft and an azimuth rotation shaft;
a support frame positioned in communicating relation with the drive assembly, the support frame having:
a main shaft having a first extension member, a second extension member, an a pin extending between the first extension member and the second extension member;
a wheel positioned on the pin;
at least one branch holder rotatably attached to the main shaft, the at least one optical element being mounted on the at least one branch holder; and
at least one belt drive configured for rotating the at least one branch holder, the at least one belt drive being rotated by the elevation shaft; and
an azimuth motion circular plate, the main shaft of the support frame being mounted on the azimuth motion circular plate for rotation therewith;
an azimuth tracking motor driving rotation of the azimuth rotation shaft;
a rotation motion gear mounted on the azimuth rotation shaft;
a rotation motion worm gear driven by the rotation motion motor, the worm gear driving the rotation motion gear to rotate the azimuth rotation shaft; and
an attachment member having one end pivotally connected to the elevation shaft and an opposing end pivotally connected to the wheel.

US Pat. No. 10,190,801

SOLAR HEATING APPARATUS

King Saud University, Ri...

1. A solar heating apparatus, comprising:a pair of longitudinally spaced apart brackets;
a pair of two-axis bearings respectively mounted on the pair of longitudinally spaced apart brackets;
a longitudinally extending shaft secured to, and extending between, the pair of two-axis bearings, the longitudinally extending shaft being selectively rotatable about a longitudinal axis;
a pair of laterally extending shafts respectively secured to the pair of two-axis bearings, each of the laterally extending shafts being selectively rotatable about a lateral axis, wherein each of the laterally extending shafts has first and second portions positioned symmetrically about a corresponding one of the two-axis bearings;
at least one reflector mount secured to each of the laterally extending shafts, wherein each of the at least one reflector mount is selectively rotatable with respect to the corresponding one of the laterally extending shafts;
at least one optical reflector mounted on the at least one reflector mount of each of the laterally extending shafts;
a pair of rotating members respectively secured to the pair of laterally extending shafts;
a plurality of continuous belts; each belt mounted on, and extending between, the pair of rotating members to selective drive simultaneous rotation of the pair of laterally extending shafts about their respective later axes;
each belt driving the successive belt through connection at a respective laterally extending shaft
at least one secondary laterally extending shaft secured to the longitudinally extending shaft, the at least one secondary laterally extending shaft being positioned between the pair of two-axis bearings and selectively rotatable about the lateral axis, wherein the at least one secondary laterally extending shaft has first and second portions positioned symmetrically about the longitudinally extending shaft;
at least one secondary reflector mount secured to the at least one secondary laterally extending shaft, wherein the at least one secondary reflector mount is selectively rotatable with respect to the at least one secondary laterally extending shaft;
at least one secondary optical reflector mounted on the at least one secondary reflector mount; and
at least one secondary rotating member secured to the at least one laterally extending shaft for engagement with the continuous belt.

US Pat. No. 10,190,799

HVAC DAMPER SYSTEM

Honeywell International I...

1. A forced air damper actuator assembly for applying a rotational bias force to a shaft of a damper blade that is disposed within an air duct in order to control a crack pressure of the air duct, the forced air damper actuator assembly comprising:a damper actuator configured to apply a rotational bias force to a shaft of a damper blade;
an actuator housing for housing the damper actuator;
a bias force adjuster positioned at least partially within the actuator housing that is adjustable from outside of the actuator housing, the bias force adjuster usable by a user to manually adjust a bias force setting along a range of bias force settings, the bias force setting sets the rotational bias force that is applied by the damper actuator to the shaft;
a pressure level indicator positioned at least partially within the actuator housing and visible from outside of the actuator housing to provide an indication of the current bias force setting; and
a standoff for spacing the bias force adjuster from the air duct by a distance that facilitates an application of insulation around the air duct while leaving the bias force adjuster exposed and available for manual adjustment by the user.

US Pat. No. 10,190,797

METHOD OF FORMING A REFLECTIVE LAMINATE INSULATING ASSEMBLY

1. A method comprising:(a) moving a plurality of sidewalls of a reflective laminate insulating assembly from a first transport configuration, wherein a majority of a base and a majority of each of the plurality of sidewalls are parallel to an installation configuration, wherein each of the plurality of sidewalls is inclined relative to the base; wherein the reflective laminate insulating assembly includes a base, a first sidewall extending from the base and a second sidewall extending from the base, at least one of the first sidewall and the second sidewall terminating at a free edge and a portion of the first sidewall is affixed to a portion of the second sidewall, independent of the base; and
(b) disposing the reflective laminate insulating assembly in the installation configuration adjacent a portion of an HVAC duct component.

US Pat. No. 10,190,793

BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM WITH ELECTRICAL ENERGY STORAGE OPTIMIZATION BASED ON STATISTICAL ESTIMATES OF IBDR EVENT PROBABILITIES

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A building management system comprising:building equipment configured to consume electrical energy and generate thermal energy for use in satisfying a thermal energy load of a building;
thermal energy storage configured to store at least a portion of the thermal energy generated by the building equipment and to discharge the stored thermal energy;
electrical energy storage configured to store electrical energy purchased from a utility and to discharge the stored electrical energy; and
a controller configured to determine, for each time step within a time horizon, an optimal amount of electrical energy to allocate to an incentive-based demand response (IBDR) program by optimizing a value function that accounts for revenue predicted to result from participating in the IBDR program based on statistical estimates of IBDR event probabilities;
wherein the controller is configured to estimate the IBDR event probabilities based on a history of past IBDR events, each of the past IBDR events comprising an invitation to participate in the IBDR program in exchange for a monetary incentive.

US Pat. No. 10,190,789

CENTRAL PLANT WITH COORDINATED HVAC EQUIPMENT STAGING ACROSS MULTIPLE SUBPLANTS

Johnson Controls Technolo...

1. A controller for a central plant that includes at least a first subplant and a second subplant configured to serve a thermal energy load of a building, the controller comprising:a communications interface configured to communicate with the first subplant and the second subplant; and
a processing circuit communicably coupled to the communications interface and comprising a processor and memory, the memory comprising:
an equipment staging detector configured to detect a staging event for equipment of the second subplant and to determine when the staging event occurs;
a subplant staging evaluator configured to use input from the equipment staging detector to determine whether a predetermined time period has elapsed since the staging event for the equipment of the second subplant has occurred;
a subplant staging preventer configured to prevent the first subplant from staging equipment of the first subplant in response to a determination that the predetermined time period has not elapsed since the staging event for the equipment of the second subplant has occurred;
a central plant optimizer configured to perform an optimization process to determine a desired set of the equipment of the first subplant for use in serving the thermal energy load; and
a desired equipment drop detector configured to determine whether the desired set of the equipment of the first subplant has dropped to zero;
wherein the subplant staging preventer is configured to allow the first subplant to stage the equipment of the first subplant in response to a determination that the desired set of the equipment of the first subplant has dropped to zero.

US Pat. No. 10,190,788

MULTI-MODE AUTO CHANGEOVER SYSTEM

Honeywell International I...

1. A thermostat comprising:a cool mode and heat mode mechanism having a connection for controlling a building heating and cooling system for affecting a temperature of a space;
a temperature setpoint mechanism, having cool and heat setpoints that are adjustable, connected to the cool mode and heat mode mechanism; and
an auto changeover connected to the temperature setpoint mechanism; and
wherein:
the auto changeover is configured to switch the thermostat from one mode to another mode according to the temperature of the space for a set amount of time relative to the cool and heat setpoints and hystereses above and below the cool and heat setpoints, respectively;
the auto changeover is configured to occur at each of the cool setpoint is less than the heat setpoint, the cool and heat setpoints are the same, and the cool setpoint is greater than the heat setpoint.

US Pat. No. 10,190,754

OPTICAL ATTACHMENT FEATURES FOR LIGHT-EMITTING DIODE-BASED LIGHTING SYSTEM

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A light-emitting diode (LED) lighting system, comprising:an enclosure comprising an enclosure wall forming a cavity and an enclosure collar having a first profile, wherein the first profile of the enclosure collar and the enclosure wall have a recess disposed therebetween;
a trim comprising a trim collar that directly abuts to the enclosure collar, wherein the trim collar has a second profile;
a reflector comprising an outer surface, an inner surface comprising a reflective material, and a reflector collar having a first optical attachment mechanism; and
a diffuser comprising a diffuser collar, wherein the diffuser collar comprises a second optical attachment mechanism and a third optical attachment mechanism, wherein the second optical attachment mechanism couples to the first optical attachment mechanism, wherein the third optical attachment mechanism comprises a protrusion, and wherein the protrusion is disposed within the recess formed by the enclosure wall, the first profile of the enclosure collar, and the second profile of the trim collar when the enclosure collar is mechanically coupled to the trim collar.

US Pat. No. 10,190,747

OPTIC FOR PROVIDING BIASED ILLUMINATION

COOPER TECHNOLOGIES COMPA...

1. A system comprising:an optic comprising:
a front and a rear;
a cavity that comprises:
an opening disposed at the rear;
a bottom; and
a sidewall that extends between the opening and the bottom and that circumscribes an axis, the cavity configured to receive light emitted by at least one light emitting diode disposed adjacent the opening;
a convex refractive surface disposed at the bottom of the cavity and configured for condensing a first portion of the received light that transmits in the cavity along the axis; and
a surface that circumscribes the cavity and is configured for totally internally reflecting a second portion of the received light that passes through the sidewall of the cavity, the surface comprising:
a first surface region extending circumferentially partially about the cavity and extending between the front and the rear; and
a second surface region extending circumferentially partially about the cavity and extending between the front and the rear,
wherein the first surface region and the second surface region meet one another at two circumferential positions with two discontinuities,
wherein the front comprises a second surface positioned for passing the first portion of the received light that is condensed and the second portion of the received light that is totally internally reflected,
wherein as compared to the second surface region, the first surface region is radially closer to the axis at the front of the optic, and
wherein as compared to the first surface region, the second surface region is radially closer to the axis at the rear of the optic.

US Pat. No. 10,190,740

LIGHT SOURCE UNIT AND VEHICLE FRONT LAMP USING THE LIGHT SOURCE UNIT

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A light source unit comprising:a light source module;
a heat sink including a light source arrangement portion on which the light source module is arranged and a plurality of heat dissipation fins that are plate-shaped and arranged in a first direction such that main surfaces thereof face each other;
a drive circuit for controlling driving of the light source module; and
a circuit cover configured to cover the drive circuit,
wherein the light source arrangement portion is provided on an anterior surface side of the heat sink,
the plurality of heat dissipation fins are provided on a posterior surface side of the heat sink, and
the circuit cover is attached to the heat sink such that at least two ventilation holes are present in a spatial region framed by a part of the heat sink that is on the posterior surface side and the circuit cover.

US Pat. No. 10,190,718

ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY, PUMP SYSTEM HAVING ACCUMULATOR ASSEMBLY, AND METHOD

BAKER HUGHES, A GE COMPAN...

1. An accumulator assembly for a pump system at a well site, the accumulator assembly arranged to fluidically connect to a flow line between a blender and a fracturing pump of the pump system, the accumulator assembly comprising:a pressurizable tank configured to contain pressurized fluid; and,
a control valve fluidically connected between a discharge end of the tank and the flow line;
an accumulator assembly pump fluidically connected to the tank, the accumulator assembly pump arranged at a discharge end of the tank, and disposed between the tank and the control valve;
wherein the control valve opens and fluidically connects the tank to the flow line when a pressure on the flow line is less than a target pressure, and the control valve closes and fluidically blocks communication between the tank and the flow line when the pressure on the flow line is greater than or substantially the same as the target pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,190,709

SYSTEMS AND METHODS OF COUPLING PIPES

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A coupling system, comprising:a coupling sleeve having opposing upper and lower ends, an intermediate portion disposed between the upper and lower ends, and a plurality of axially extending slots defined in each of the upper and lower ends, wherein the upper end is configured to receive a proximal end of a first pipe and is flared radially outwardly at a first angle relative to the intermediate portion, and wherein the lower end is configured to receive a proximal end of a second pipe and is flared radially outwardly at a second angle relative to the intermediate portion;
an upper sliding ring disposed about the coupling sleeve and axially movable in a first direction from a first position to a second position distally located from the proximal end of the first pipe, in response to which the upper end is forced radially inward into gripping engagement with an outer surface of the first pipe, wherein the upper sliding ring has an inner surface tapered at an angle substantially corresponding to the first angle of the upper end;
a lower sliding ring disposed about the coupling sleeve and axially movable in a second direction opposite the first direction and away from the upper sliding ring, from a first position to a second position distally located from the proximal end of the second pipe, in response to which the lower end is forced radially inward into gripping engagement with an outer surface of the second pipe, wherein the lower sliding ring has an inner surface tapered at an angle substantially corresponding to the second angle of the lower end; and
wherein the proximal end of the first pipe is tapered or frustoconical in shape, wherein the proximal end of the second pipe is tapered or frustoconical in shape, and wherein the coupling sleeve exhibits an outer diameter that is substantially equal to or less than an outer diameter of the first pipe and an outer diameter of the second pipe when the upper end is in the gripping engagement with the outer surface of first pipe and the lower end is in the gripping engagement with the outer surface of the second pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,190,696

VALVE RETAINING CUP

GOODRICH CORPORATION, Ch...

1. A valve comprising:a valve housing;
a casing disposed within the valve housing, the casing comprising a bore;
a spring guide disposed within the bore; and
a retaining cup disposed partially around the casing to engage and retain the spring guide at least partially within the bore of the casing;
wherein:
the valve is a shuttle valve comprising two inlets and an outlet;
the shuttle valve comprises a blocking ball retained in the casing configured to switchably block one of the two inlets;
the spring guide comprises a head, a spring, and a ball engagement element;
the head engages the retaining cup, the spring is retained between the head and the ball engagement element, and the ball engagement element engages the blocking ball.

US Pat. No. 10,190,685

PARK CONTROL SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE TRANSMISSION

1. A vehicle comprising:a prime mover in communication with an input shaft of a transmission;
an output shaft of the transmission in communication with a final drive and drive wheels;
a park actuator system internal to a housing of the transmission; and
a park control system mounted to an external surface of the housing of the transmission with a pivot shaft extending through the housing that connects to the park actuator system to selectively place the park actuator system in one of a park configuration and an out of park configuration, wherein the park control system comprises a pair of separate and independently operable park inhibit solenoids that are operable to hold the park control system in an out of park configuration, wherein the park control system further comprises a lever pivotally mounted on the pivot shaft, wherein the park control system further comprises a position sensor mounted on the pivot shaft that outputs a signal indicating when the lever is in the out of park configuration, and wherein the park inhibit solenoids are responsive to the signal from the position sensor indicating an out of park configuration for the lever to energize and hold their corresponding solenoid shafts in an extended position.

US Pat. No. 10,190,673

ACTIVE OIL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR AXLES

Dana Heavy Vehicle System...

1. An apparatus for regulating lubricant, comprising:a carrier housing having a lubricant sump;
a ring gear disposed within said carrier housing, wherein said ring gear is partially disposed in said lubricant sump;
a lubricant catch disposed in said carrier housing;
a reservoir formed separate and apart from said carrier housing;
a first conduit disposed between said lubricant catch and said reservoir;
a second conduit disposed between said reservoir and said lubricant sump; and
a first valve in fluid communication with said reservoir and said lubricant sump, wherein said first valve is at least partially disposed in said reservoir separate and apart from said carrier housing and said lubricant sump.

US Pat. No. 10,190,667

POWER TRANSMISSION INTERRUPTING DEVICE AND LIMITED-SLIP DIFFERENTIAL

JTEKT CORPORATION, Osaka...

1. A power transmission interrupting device configured to interrupt power transmission between a first rotating member and a second rotating member that are rotatable relative to each other on the same rotational axis, the power transmission interrupting device comprising:an interrupting member including engaging teeth that selectively engage with the second rotating member, and is movable in an axial direction between a coupling position at which the engaging teeth engage with the second rotating member and an uncoupling position at which the engaging teeth do not engage with the second rotating member; and
a moving mechanism that moves the interrupting member in the axial direction, wherein:
the moving mechanism includes an annular electromagnet including a coil winding that generates magnetic flux when current is applied thereto; a yoke constituting part of a magnetic path of the magnetic flux; a moving member, formed by a soft magnetic body, that constitutes the magnetic path of the magnetic flux with the yoke and moves in the axial direction; and a coupling member that couples the moving member with the interrupting member;
the moving member has a cylindrical part facing an inner circumferential surface or an outer circumferential surface of the electromagnet, and an annular cover extending from one end of the cylindrical part in a radial direction and covering one of axial end faces of the electromagnet;
the coupling member is connected between the moving member and the interrupting member; and
when current is applied to the coil winding, the interrupting member moves in the axial direction by the coupling member as the moving member moves so that an interval between the annular cover and the one axial end face of the electromagnet changes.

US Pat. No. 10,190,664

TRANSMISSION DRIVE UNIT OF A SEAT ADJUSTING DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A transmission drive unit (1) of a seat adjusting device comprising:an electrical drive motor (2),
a spindle drive (3) comprising a spindle (30) which is configured to be driven by the drive
motor (2) and a nut (31) which is connected to a first seat component,
a housing (4), wherein the housing (4) is produced from a plastic material, the housing (4) including a first interface (5) configured to be attached to a second seat component, wherein the first interface (5) includes a through-hole extending through the plastic housing (4) and configured to receive a hinge pin, and the housing (4) further includes a first bearing surface (7) bearing the spindle (30) of the spindle drive (3), and
a metallic reinforcing element (13) arranged on an outer face of the housing (4) and extending partially around the first interface (5).

US Pat. No. 10,190,660

REVERSIBLE ROTATION GEARBOX AND APPLICATIONS THEREOF

1. A gearbox comprising:a first gear assembly having a first input gear selectively coupled to an input shaft and the first gear assembly also coupled to a connecting shaft, wherein the first gear assembly is configured to engage and provide a first rotational input to the connecting shaft in response to the input shaft rotating in a first direction wherein a first clutch is configured to disengage a force transmitted from the first gear assembly to a planetary gear assembly in response to the input shaft rotating in a second direction in which the second direction is rotationally opposite from the first direction;
a second gear assembly having a second input gear coupled to the input shaft, wherein the second input gear is configured to provide a second rotational input in response to the input shaft rotating in the first direction and to provide a third rotational input in response to the input shaft rotating in the second direction, in which the second rotational input and the third rotational input are rotationally opposite; and
the planetary gear assembly including a planet gear carrier, a plurality of planet gears and a ring gear assembly, wherein the planet gear carrier is coupled to the plurality of planet gears and to an output shaft, wherein the connecting shaft couples the first gear assembly to the plurality of planet gears and wherein the ring gear assembly couples the second input gear to the plurality of planet gears via the ring gear assembly, in which when the input shaft rotates in the first direction, the first rotational input from the first gear assembly and the second rotational input from the second gear assembly are combined to provide a first rotational output at the output shaft and when the input shaft rotates in the second direction, the first gear assembly is disengaged and the ring gear assembly is configured to provide the third rotational input in order to provide a second rotational output at the output shaft, the first and second rotational outputs being rotationally opposite.

US Pat. No. 10,190,656

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR BALANCING A WHEEL BY APPLICATION OF A HOT-MELT ADHESIVE BALANCING MASS

1. Balancing weight material for manufacturing of balancing weights, the balancing weight material comprising:a hot melt adhesive configured as a strand in a solid state prior to application of the hot melt adhesive to a rim, where
the hot melt adhesive comprises a filler of a high-density mass material,
the high-density mass material further comprises milled or ground stainless steel particles with particle sizes with d50 values between 20 ?m and 150 ?m,
the high-density mass material further has a volume fraction of between 35% and 75% relative to the balancing weight material,
the balancing weight material has a first melting temperature at which a surface of the balancing weight material will become adhesive, and
the balancing weight material is configured to be applied directly to the rim via a surface of the balancing weight material that has become adhesive to attach the balancing weight material to the rim.

US Pat. No. 10,190,655

TOOL FOR BALANCING A TURBINE ENGINE MODULE

SNECMA, Paris (FR)

1. Tooling for balancing a turbine engine module in a balancing machine, said module having at least one stator housing and a rotor having a shaft with a longitudinal axis A and at least one blade stage which is connected to a longitudinal end portion of said shaft and which is surrounded by said stator housing, wherein said tooling has at least:a balancing frame, having bearings designed to receive and to guide the shaft and the blade stage of the rotor, the position of at least one of said bearings being adjustable relative to said frame;
first and second attaching means designed to be attached to said stator housing;
third and fourth attaching means provided on said frame, to attach said first and second means, respectively, to said frame, the position of at least one of said third and fourth means being adjustable relative to said frame;
transporting means for transporting the frame;
supporting means for supporting the frame, provided on said frame and designed to cooperate equally well with the balancing machine and with the transporting means for transporting the frame, in order to support said frame in said transporting means for transport and in said balancing machine.

US Pat. No. 10,190,643

SYNCHRONIZER FOR RADIALLY APPLIED DOG CLUTCH FOR A VEHICLE

1. A radially applied dog clutch for a vehicle transmission, the clutch comprising:a driving member configured to rotate about an axis and including a cavity extending radially from the axis;
a driving tooth slidably movable within the cavity extending radially from the axis;
a driven member coaxially surrounding the driving member and including a radially inward extending driven tooth;
a synchronizer coaxially positioned between the driving member and the driven member; and
an actuator coaxially positioned within the driving member and movable along the axis to selectively engage the driving tooth sequentially with the synchronizer and the driven tooth.

US Pat. No. 10,190,636

COVER FOR A BEARING HOUSING AND A SUPPORT ASSEMBLY FOR ROTATING SHAFT ASSOCIATED

1. A cover for a bearing housing mounted on machinery for the food processing industry, comprising:a bottom wall,
an annular lateral wall that extends transversely to the bottom wall, and
a coupling portion towards the bearing housing obtained integrally on an end of the lateral wall opposite to the bottom wall; wherein
the cover is made in one piece of a polymeric material;
the coupling portion is designed to couple with the bearing housing laterally on the outside of the bearing housing;
the coupling portion is provided on the side opposite to the bottom wall with an annular sealing lip that extends frontally and overhangingly from a frontal rim of the coupling portion and which is made of the same polymeric material as the cover and is obtained integrally in one piece with the coupling portion;
the annular sealing lip is constrained to the frontal rim of the coupling portion so that the is elastically deformable in a radial direction from the inside outwards, wherein
the annular sealing lip is constrained to the frontal rim of the coupling portion by a root portion having a reduced radial thickness, is delimited radially on the inside by a substantially cylindrical lateral surface, while it is delimited radially on the outside by an oblique or curved lateral surface-shaped so that the sealing lip has a maximum radial thickness thereof near a free end thereof and a minimum radial thickness thereof at the root portion.

US Pat. No. 10,190,606

ACTUATOR FLEXIBLE MEMBER WITH REACTION FEATURE

Firestone Industrial Prod...

1. An actuator, comprising:a stiff base member defining a bottom of said actuator;
a flexible member connected to said stiff base member and having a sidewall and a contact surface on top of said flexible member, said flexible member and said stiff base member defining a fluid chamber therebetween, said sidewall having a first end connected to said stiff base member and a second end, said second end and said contact surface defining a transition area therebetween, said flexible member being configured to expand when said fluid chamber is filled with fluid;
a reaction feature placed on said transition area that is configured to govern movement of said sidewall; and
wherein said flexible member has a recess formed between said reaction feature and said contact surface.

US Pat. No. 10,190,601

SHROUDED AXIAL FAN WITH CASING TREATMENT

CARRIER CORPORATION, Far...

1. A fan assembly comprising:a shrouded fan rotor including:
a plurality of fan blades extending from a rotor hub and rotatable about a central axis of the fan assembly; and
a fan shroud extending circumferentially around the fan rotor and secured to the plurality of fan blades, the shroud having:
a first axially extending annular portion secured to the plurality of fan blades;
a second axially extending annular portion radially outwardly spaced from the first axially extending annular portion; and
a third portion connecting the first and second axially extending annular portions; and
a casing disposed circumferentially around the fan shroud defining a radial clearance between the casing and the fan shroud, the casing including a plurality of casing elements extending from a radially inboard surface of the casing toward the shroud and defining a radial element gap between a first element surface and a maximum radius point of the shroud and an axial element gap between a second element surface and an upstream end of the fan shroud.

US Pat. No. 10,190,597

VACUUM PUMP AND ROTOR THEREOF

Edwards Japan Limited, C...

1. A vacuum pump, comprising:a circular member;
a drive means for driving the circular member rotatably on a center thereof;
a cylindrical member joined to an outer circumference of the circular member;
a stator member surrounding an outer circumference of the cylindrical member; and
a thread groove pump flow path formed between the cylindrical member and the stator member,
the vacuum pump exhausting gas through the thread groove pump flow path by rotating the circular member and the cylindrical member, wherein
the cylindrical member is made of a material having at least a feature of lower thermal expansivity or lower creep rate than that of a material of the circular member, and
a gap of a first region provided between a joint portion of the cylindrical member and a crest of a thread groove formed on an inner surface of the stator member is set to be larger than a gap of a second region provided between a non-joint portion of the cylindrical member and a crest of the thread groove formed on the inner surface of the stator member around the entire outer circumference of the cylindrical member by an amount to accommodate thermal expansion of the circular member or an amount of expansion by creep of the circular member.

US Pat. No. 10,190,591

AUTOMATIC BLOWER CONTROL

Lennox Industries Inc., ...

1. A blower unit controller for a heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) system including a blower unit having a blower and a blower motor, comprising:an input configured to receive motor operating parameters;
an output configured to provide a motor speed control signal to an inverter, wherein the inverter is in electrical communication with a blower motor and configured to provide a motor drive signal to the blower motor;
a memory configured to store a mathematical model of airflow produced by the blower, wherein the mathematical model is determined as a function of said motor operating parameters;
a processor configured to produce said motor speed control signal based on said mathematical model; and
wherein the mathematical model is configured to calculate an airflow rate as a function of at least one of frequency, voltage, and power of the motor drive signal as reported by the inverter and includes a static pressure term determined from the airflow.

US Pat. No. 10,190,576

ROLLER BEARING, RETAINER SEGMENT, SPACER AND MAIN SHAFT SUPPORT STRUCTURE OF WIND-POWER GENERATOR

NTN CORPORATION, Osaka (...

1. A roller bearing comprising:an outer ring;
an inner ring;
a plurality of rollers arranged between said outer ring and said inner ring; and
a plurality of retainer segments having a plurality of column parts extending in a direction along a shaft so as to form a pocket for holding said roller, and a connection part extending in a circumferential direction so as to connect the plurality of column parts, and continuously lined with each other in the circumferential direction between said outer ring and said inner ring, in which a corner of a circumferential end face of each retainer segment is chamfered; and
a spacer arranged between a circumferentially arranged first retainer segment and last retainer segment, the spacer having a circumferential spacer end face, the circumferential spacer end face having a chamfered part at a corner thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,190,524

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE HAVING TWO FUEL INJECTORS PER CYLINDER AND CONTROL METHOD THEREFOR

BOMBARDIER RECREATIONAL P...

1. A method for controlling a two-stroke internal combustion engine, the engine having at least one combustion chamber, at least one direct fuel injector for injecting fuel directly in the at least one combustion chamber, and at least one port fuel injector for injecting fuel upstream of the at least one combustion chamber, the method comprising:determining a first fuel quantity to be supplied to the at least one combustion chamber;
determining a ratio of the first fuel quantity to be injected by the at least one direct fuel injector;
determining a ratio of the first fuel quantity to be injected by the at least one port fuel injector;
injecting a second fuel quantity in the at least one combustion chamber using the at least one direct fuel injector;
injecting a third fuel quantity upstream of the at least one combustion chamber using the at least one port fuel injector,
a sum of the second and third fuel quantities being initially greater than the first fuel quantity; and
decreasing at least one of the second and third fuel quantities over time such that the sum of the second and third fuel quantities equals at least the first fuel quantity.

US Pat. No. 10,190,514

PURGE DEVICE, AND INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE PROVIDED WITH THE SAME

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A purge device for mounting on an internal combustion engine including a supercharger, the purge device comprising:a canister configured to trap evaporated fuel generated in a fuel tank;
a purge passage configured to extend from the canister and be connected to an upstream side of a compressor of the supercharger in an intake passage of the internal combustion engine;
a supply unit configured to supply purge gas within the purge passage to the upstream side of the compressor in the intake passage during supercharging using the supercharger;
a throttle configured to be provided in a portion of the intake passage connected with the purge passage and limit an inflow of gas from the purge passage;
a sensor configured to detect internal pressure downstream of the supply unit in the purge passage; and
a processor configured to determine that a passage end of the purge passage connected to the intake passage deviates from the intake passage, in a case where a detection value obtained by the sensor during the operation of the supply unit is lower than a predetermined pressure, and the processor is configured such that the only deviation of the passage end of the purge passage that the processor determines is the deviation of the passage end of the purge passage connected to the intake passage.

US Pat. No. 10,190,513

CONTROL METHOD OF ENGINE SYSTEM

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An engine system control method for controlling an engine system having at least one non-deactivation cylinder being never deactivated, at least one deactivation cylinder which is selectively deactivated, a first exhaust manifold in communication with the non-deactivation cylinder, a second exhaust manifold in communication with the at least one deactivation cylinder, a first turbocharger including a first turbine rotated by exhaust gas flowing via the first exhaust manifold, a second turbocharger including a second turbine rotated by exhaust gas flowing via the second exhaust manifold, a main intake circulation passage transferring intake air via a first compressor of the first turbocharger, and a sub intake circulation passage transferring intake air via a second compressor of the second turbocharger, comprising:determining engine operating conditions;
determining whether a cylinder deactivation (CDA) condition for deactivating the at least one deactivation cylinder is satisfied upon engine start;
determining whether to perform a deactivation of the at least one deactivation cylinder;
blocking intake of the at least one deactivation cylinder to realize deactivation of the at least one deactivation cylinder;
cutting fuel injection of the at least one deactivation cylinder to realize deactivation of the at least one deactivation cylinder; and
closing the sub intake circulation passage when the at least one deactivation cylinder is deactivated,
wherein the exhaust gas, which flows from the first exhaust manifold to continuously pass through the first turbine, and the exhaust gas, which flows from the second exhaust manifold to pass through the second turbine, are consolidated at an exhaust outlet after passing through the first and second turbines and discharged to outside, and wherein the first compressor, which is connected to the first turbine, continuously operates.

US Pat. No. 10,190,511

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

SCANIA CV AB, (SE)

1. A method for running a vehicle having a combustion engine, a starter motor and a driveshaft to which the engine is selectively connected to deliver driving force to the driveshaft for propulsion of the vehicle when the vehicle is in motion, the method comprising:determining that the vehicle is approaching a downgrade within a period of time or within a specified distance;
in response to the determination that the vehicle is approaching a downgrade, determining, based on look ahead data obtained for the vehicle, a look ahead data-based freewheel period of time, the look ahead data-based freewheel period of time being at least a period during which the vehicle is on the downgrade;
determining whether the look ahead data-based freewheel period of time is at least as long as a predetermined first period of time such that an amount of fuel reduction when the engine is switched off for the entirety of the first period of time is at least a first predetermined amount of fuel consumed when the engine is started by the starter motor; and
only when the determination is made that the look ahead data-based freewheel period of time is at least as long as the predetermined first period of time, disconnecting the engine from the driveshaft for the entirety of the look ahead data-based freewheel period, and switching off the engine for the entirety of the look ahead data-based freewheel period.

US Pat. No. 10,190,506

TURBOMACHINE BYPASS FLOW DIVERTING ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A turbomachine exhaust flow diverting assembly, comprising:an outer flow diverter distributed about a rotational axis of a turbomachine, the outer flow diverter moveable between a first position and a second position;
a main bypass flow passage extending between a core engine outer housing and a main bypass flow outer housing;
a third stream bypass flow passage extending between the main bypass flow outer housing and a third stream outer housing;
wherein the main bypass flow outer housing defines an area upstream of the outer flow diverter that permits bypass flow from the main bypass flow passage and bypass flow from the third stream bypass flow passage to mix into a mixed flow;
wherein the outer flow diverter in the first position permits more of the mixed flow through the main bypass flow passage and less of the mixed flow through the third stream bypass flow passage; and
wherein the outer flow diverter in the second position permits more of the mixed flow through the third stream bypass flow passage and less of the mixed flow through the main bypass flow passage.

US Pat. No. 10,190,504

COMBUSTOR SEAL MISTAKE-PROOFING FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE

United Technologies Corpo...

9. A gas turbine engine comprising:an outer casing;
a combustor within the outer casing;
a plurality of vane alignment features within and connected to the outer casing, wherein the plurality of vane alignment features includes: a first lug including a first width in a circumferential direction; and a second lug including a third width in the circumferential direction;
a turbine vane downstream of the combustor, the turbine vane including: an outer platform surface facing in an upstream axial direction; and
an alignment feature for engaging with the plurality of vane alignment features to align the turbine vane to the outer casing; and
a combustor seal in contact with the platform surface and a downstream end of the combustor configured to seal a gap defined between the combustor and the outer platform surface of the turbine vane, the combustor seal including: a seal body, and
a plurality of seal alignment features projecting from the seal body configured to engage the plurality of vane alignment features for aligning the combustor seal relative to the turbine vane, wherein one of the seal alignment features is a different size from the rest of the seal alignment features such that there is only one alignment position of the combustor seal with respect to a turbine vane assembly in which the differently sized seal alignment feature engages and mates with a correspondingly sized vane alignment feature that is a second different size from the rest of the vane alignment features, wherein the plurality of seal alignment features includes:
a first fork including a first prong and a second prong, wherein the first prong and the second prong are separated in the circumferential direction by a second width, the second width greater than the first width such that the first fork can engage the first lug; and
a second fork including a third prong and a fourth prong, wherein the third prong and the fourth prong are separated in the circumferential direction by a fourth width, the fourth width greater than the third width such that the second fork can engage the second lug, and wherein the second fork is circumferentially spaced from the first fork;
wherein the first width is greater than the fourth width such that the second fork cannot engage the first lug.

US Pat. No. 10,190,503

COMPACT AERO-THERMO MODEL BASED TIP CLEARANCE MANAGEMENT

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A control system, comprising:an actuator for positioning a control device, the control device comprising a rotary apparatus including a rotor and a rotor case, wherein the actuator positions the control device;
a control law configured to direct the actuator as a function of a model output; and
a model processor configured to generate the model output, the model processor comprising:
an input object for processing a model input vector and setting a model operating mode;
a set state module for setting dynamic states of the model processor, the dynamic states input to an open loop model based on the model operating mode;
wherein the open loop model generates current state derivatives, solver state errors, and synthesized parameters as a function of the dynamic states and the model input vector, wherein the open loop model constrains the current state derivatives and solver state errors based on a series of cycle synthesis modules, each member of the series of cycle synthesis modules modeling a component of a cycle of the control device and comprising a series of utilities, the utilities based on mathematical abstractions of physical laws that govern behavior of the component, the series of cycle synthesis modules including a rotary apparatus module which estimates a tip clearance between the rotor and the rotor case;
an estimate state module configured to determine an estimated state of the model based on at least one of a prior state, the current state derivatives, the solver state errors, and the synthesized parameters; and
an output object for processing at least the synthesized parameters of the model to determine the model output.

US Pat. No. 10,190,501

GAS TURBINES ENGINE SUPPORT STRUCTURES

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A ducted fan gas turbine engine having a propulsive fan, a fan case surrounding the fan, a core engine, and a plurality of support structures which transmit loads from the core engine to the fan case, each support structure having:two support struts which extend from the core engine to a joint radially outwardly of the fan case, the support struts being spaced apart at the core engine but converging to meet at the joint forming a first A-frame structure with the joint at an apex of the first A-frame structure; and
two structural elements which extend from the joint to respective fixing positions on the fan case at opposite sides of the joint forming a second A-frame structure with the joint at an apex of the second A-frame structure.

US Pat. No. 10,190,500

DUCT

ROLLS-ROYCE plc, London ...

1. A supported duct for a gas turbine engine, the supported duct comprising:at least one support frame having an aperture defined by an upper aperture wall portion, a lower aperture wall portion and opposing aperture side walls extending between the upper aperture wall portion and the lower aperture wall portion, an exhaust duct of the gas turbine engine extending through the aperture, the exhaust duct comprising an upper panel in abutment with the upper aperture wall portion, a lower panel in abutment with the lower aperture wall portion and opposing side walls extending between the upper panel and the lower panel,
wherein the opposing side walls of the exhaust duct are spaced from the opposing aperture side walls.

US Pat. No. 10,190,499

AXIAL TENSION SYSTEM FOR A GAS TURBINE ENGINE CASE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A gas turbine engine comprising:a convex case section comprising:
an upstream case portion adjacent a forward edge of the convex case section, wherein the upstream case portion has a first radius relative to a centerline axis of the gas turbine engine at the forward edge;
a downstream case portion adjacent a rearward edge of the convex case section, wherein the downstream case portion has a second radius relative to the centerline axis at the rearward edge;
an intermediate case portion between the upstream case portion and the downstream case portion and having a third radius relative to the centerline axis that is larger than the first radius and the second radius; and
a tension rod extending from the upstream case portion to the downstream case portion, wherein an entirety of the tension rod is disposed radially inward of the intermediate case portion relative to the centerline axis, and wherein a first end of the tension rod is connected to a first bracket mounted to the upstream case portion, and where a second end of the tension rod is connected to a second bracket mounted to the downstream case portion.

US Pat. No. 10,190,497

COUNTER-ROTATING LOW PRESSURE TURBINE WITHOUT TURBINE EXHAUST CASE

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A gas turbine engine comprising:a compressor section;
a combustor section downstream of the compressor section;
a turbine section downstream of the combustor section;
a mid-turbine frame configured to support the turbine section, the mid-turbine frame extending to an outer case portion;
at least one shaft defining an axis of rotation, the at least one shaft driven by the turbine section; and
wherein the turbine section comprises
an inner rotor directly driving the shaft, the inner rotor including an inner set of blades,
an outer rotor positioned immediately adjacent to the outer case portion and having an outer set of blades interspersed with the inner set of blades, the outer rotor configured to rotate in an opposite direction about the axis of rotation from the inner rotor, and
a gear system mounted to the mid-turbine frame and coupling the outer rotor to drive the at least one shaft, wherein the gear system is positioned downstream of the combustor section;
a first bearing supporting a fore end of the outer rotor for rotation relative to the mid-turbine frame structure;
a second bearing supporting an aft end of the outer rotor for rotation relative to the shaft; and
a third bearing supporting the shaft for rotation relative to a non-rotating structure of the gear system, wherein the first and third bearings are radially aligned with each other in an overlapping relationship.

US Pat. No. 10,190,496

TURBOFAN ENGINE BEARING AND GEARBOX ARRANGEMENT

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A turbofan engine (300; 600; 700) comprising:a fan shaft (120) configured to rotate about an axis (500) of the engine;
a fan drive gear system (60) configured to drive the fan shaft, the fan drive gear system having a plurality of gears (84) carried by a carrier (86) and having a gear length LG along an externally toothed portion and a centerplane (540) extending centrally through said externally toothed portion;
a first spool comprising:
a high pressure turbine (326); and
a high pressure compressor (324);
a second spool comprising:
an intermediate pressure turbine (328);
a lower pressure compressor; and
a shaft (334) coupling the intermediate pressure turbine to the lower pressure compressor;
a third spool comprising:
a lower pressure turbine (330) coupled to the fan drive gear system to drive the fan;
a core flowpath (506); and
a plurality of main bearings,wherein:the turbofan engine has a single stage fan;
of the main bearings, at least one is a shaft-engaging bearing engaging a driving shaft (336) coupled to the fan drive gear system;
a closest (340; 640) of the shaft-engaging bearings engaging the driving shaft behind the fan drive gear system has a centerplane (550) and a characteristic radius (RB);
the half angle (?) of a virtual cone (530) intersecting the core flowpath inboard boundary at the gear system centerplane (540) and said closest of the shaft-engaging bearings at the characteristic radius (RB) is greater than 32°; and
a hub-to-tip ratio (HR:FR) of the fan is less than 0.38.

US Pat. No. 10,190,495

GEARED TURBOFAN ENGINE WITH INTER-SHAFT DEFLECTION FEATURE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A turbine engine comprising:a compressor section including a first compressor section and a second compressor section;
a turbine section including a first turbine section driving the first compressor section through an inner shaft and a second turbine section driving the second compressor section through an outer shaft, wherein the outer shaft includes an aft end;
a bearing assembly supporting rotation of the outer shaft, the bearing assembly spaced axially forward of the aft end;
a bumper located between the inner shaft and the outer shaft for accommodating interaction between the inner shaft and the outer shaft, wherein the aft end of the outer shaft is disposed annularly about the bumper; and
a fastening member attached to the aft end of the outer shaft for securing a portion of the bearing assembly to the outer shaft, wherein the fastening member is spaced axially aft of the bearing assembly within an axial length disposed at least partially about the bumper.

US Pat. No. 10,190,494

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR STORING ENERGY IN FORM OF COMPRESSED AIR IN TUBES INTEGRATED IN A TANK CONTAINING WATER AND WATER VAPOUR

IFP ENERGIES NOUVELLES, ...

1. A system for storing energy in compressed air, water and water vapor comprising:at least one tube providing a storage volume for the compressed air, water and vapor water, the tube being confined in a sealed pressurized pressure-resistant thermally-insulated tank, means for storing and releasing heat in the compressed air stored in the storage volume and the sealed pressurized pressure-resistant thermally insulated tank includes compressed air, water and water vapor which during heat storage progressively vaporizes until a water-vapor medium in phase equilibrium occurs in the tank which depends on pressure and temperature in the tank.

US Pat. No. 10,190,492

DUAL CRANKSHAFT, OPPOSED-PISTON ENGINES WITH VARIABLE CRANK PHASING

ACHATES POWER, INC., San...

1. An opposed-piston, internal combustion engine comprising:one or more cylinders, each cylinder including exhaust and intake ports near respective outer ends of the cylinder, wherein the cylinders are juxtaposed and oriented with exhaust and intake ports mutually aligned;
a pair of crankshafts rotatably mounted near respective exhaust and intake ends of the cylinders;
a pair of pistons disposed in each cylinder for opening and closing the ports of the cylinder by opposed sliding movement in the bore of the cylinder;
all of the pistons opening and closing the exhaust ports being coupled by connecting rods to the crankshaft mounted near the exhaust ends of the cylinders, and all of the pistons opening and closing the intake ports being coupled by connecting rods to the crankshaft mounted near the intake ends of the cylinders;
a gear train coupling the crankshafts to an output drive; and,
a crank phasing mechanism operatively coupled to a crankshaft and to the gear train for changing a crank angle of the crankshaft.

US Pat. No. 10,190,490

ENERGY STORAGE AND CONVERSION IN FREE-PISTON COMBUSTION ENGINES

EtaGen, Inc., Menlo Park...

1. A free-piston combustion engine system, comprising:a cylinder comprising a combustion section;
at least one tree-piston assembly in contact with the combustion section;
at least one gas spring in contact with the at least one free-piston assembly, wherein the at least one gas spring is configured to store energy from the at least one free-piston assembly during an expansion stroke of a piston cycle;
at least one linear electromagnetic machine for directly converting between kinetic energy of the at least one free-piston assembly and electrical energy; and
processing circuitry configured for:
causing the at least one gas spring to store at least a sufficient amount of energy from the at least one free-piston assembly during the expansion stroke to perform a subsequent stroke of the piston cycle thereby avoiding net electrical energy input over the subsequent stroke of the piston cycle by controlling at least a position of the at least one free-piston assembly, and
causing the linear electromagnetic machine to convert at least some of the energy stored in the at least one gas spring into electrical energy during the subsequent stroke of the piston cycle.

US Pat. No. 10,190,489

INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An internal combustion engine, comprising:a first exhaust manifold in which gas discharged from a first cylinder group of the internal combustion engine flows;
a second exhaust manifold in which gas discharged from a second cylinder group that is different from the first cylinder group flows; and
a turbocharger having a first scroll chamber that communicates with the first exhaust manifold and a second scroll chamber that communicates with the second exhaust manifold,
in which a surface area of a wall surface of the first exhaust manifold is larger than a surface area of a wall surface of the second exhaust manifold,
wherein the turbocharger further comprises:
a turbine housing including the first scroll chamber and the second scroll chamber that are divided by a partition wall from each other in an axial direction of a turbine wheel,
a first cooling water passage provided in the turbine housing to cover the first scroll chamber and having an outlet, and
a second cooling water passage provided in the turbine housing to cover the second scroll chamber and having an inlet,
wherein the first cooling water passage and the second cooling water passage are connected in series so as to define a cooling water flow path within the turbine housing extending from the inlet to the outlet, and
the internal combustion engine comprises a water pump that causes the cooling water to flow from the second cooling water passage to the first cooling water passage.

US Pat. No. 10,190,485

CONTROL APPARATUS FOR ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A control apparatus for an engine, the control apparatus being configured to control the engine, the engine comprising:an exhaust-driven supercharger having an adjusting mechanism at an exhaust passage, the adjusting mechanism being configured to change a supercharging efficiency according to an opening degree of the adjusting mechanism, control modes of the adjusting mechanism including a first control mode and a second control mode, the first control mode allowing the opening degree to be maintained at a maximum supercharging efficiency opening degree at which the exhaust-driven supercharger has a maximum supercharging efficiency independently of a deviation between a target supercharging pressure and an actual supercharging pressure, the second control mode allowing the deviation to be fed back to the opening degree; and
an electrically-driven supercharger which is driven by an electrical power supplied from an electrical power supply,
the control apparatus comprising a controller,
the controller being programmed to:
determine engine operating conditions;
determine whether or not a supplied amount of the electrical power to the electrically-driven supercharger decreases due to a stop of the supply of the electrical power to the electrically-driven supercharger; and
when the control mode of the adjusting mechanism is in the first control mode, maintain the control mode in the first control mode before it is determined that the supped amount decreases.

US Pat. No. 10,190,484

CONTROL APPARATUS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. An internal combustion engine comprising:a turbine arranged in an exhaust passage of the internal combustion engine and configured to be driven by exhaust gas;
a first compressor arranged in an intake passage of the internal combustion engine and configured to be driven by the turbine and to supercharge intake air;
an exhaust energy adjustment device configured to adjust an amount of exhaust energy recovered by the turbine and by controlling an amount of the exhaust gas in the exhaust passage that is directed to the turbine during operation of the internal combustion engine to thereby change a power of the first compressor;
a second compressor arranged in the intake passage and configured to be driven by a power other than exhaust gas and to supercharge intake air;
wherein the intake passage on a downstream side of the first compressor is connected to the intake passage on a downstream side of the second compressor;
a supercharging control device configured to switch between execution of supercharging by the second compressor when the second compressor is driven with the power other than exhaust gas and stopping supercharging by the second compressor when the second compressor is no longer driven with the power other than exhaust gas; and
a control apparatus comprising an internal combustion engine controller;
wherein the internal combustion engine controller includes a non-transitory computer-readable memory storing executable-programmed instructions to:
control the exhaust energy adjustment device such that, when supercharging by the second compressor is required at a time of a request to increase engine torque, the power of the first compressor is increased to a designated power value or greater than the designated power value by increasing an amount of the exhaust gas directed to the turbine; and
control the supercharging control device such that, upon an elapse of a delay time that is started when the power of the first compressor is increased to the designated power value or greater than the designated power value, supercharging by the second compressor is started by driving the second compressor with the power other than exhaust gas.

US Pat. No. 10,190,480

ENGINE COVER PLATE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A system for engine cooling, comprising:a cover plate for a coolant passage, the cover plate comprising a depression, coupled to a side of a cylinder block, and positioned adjacent to a water jacket of a cylinder, the cover plate including a coolant outlet port displaced away from a coolant inlet port, and a plurality of oil ports, where at least one of the oil ports is located in the cover plate and fluidly coupled to one or more piston oil injectors, the depression of the cover plate extending into a coolant cavity within the side of the cylinder block, a surface of the depression which contacts a coolant being sloped in an arc in a lateral plane with upward concavity, where the lateral plane is parallel to a y-z plane defined by a y-axis and a z-axis, the z-axis in the direction of gravity, and where the coolant inlet port is located in a higher portion of the coolant cavity than the coolant outlet port with respect to gravity, the coolant outlet port displaced away from the coolant inlet port both in a direction of the y-axis and the z-axis; and
the coolant cavity, covered by the cover plate, within the coolant passage and coupled to a fluid pump and the water jacket.

US Pat. No. 10,190,477

SPLIT COOLING SYSTEM OF INTERNAL COMBUSION ENGINE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A split cooling system of an internal combustion engine, comprising:a water pump configured to circulate cooling water;
a cylinder head and a cylinder block configured to be supplied with the cooling water from the water pump;
an integrated flow control valve configured to include an inlet provided to be supplied with the cooling water of the cylinder head and a plurality of valves that are configured to be opened or closed to distribute the cooling water introduced through the inlet to an oil heat exchanger, a heater core, and a radiator; and
a split cooler configured to be mounted at the cylinder block to provide a split cooling channel in the cylinder block and the cylinder header,
wherein the split cooler is inserted into a water jacket of the cylinder block and includes:
a base configured to enclose an outside surface of a cylinder along a shape of the cylinder, wherein the base divides a channel within the water jacket into an inside channel and an outside channel, wherein the inside channel facing the outside surface of the cylinder is at an inside of the base and the outside channel facing the water jacket is at an outside of the base wherein the inside channel is disposed inward the base and the outside channel is disposed outward the base in a radial direction of the cylinder, and wherein an upper side of the base in the cylinder block continuously fluid-communicates with the outside channel;
a coupling groove formed to be indented into an inside surface of the base, wherein the inside surface of the base faces the outside surface of the cylinder; and
a sealing member configured to be filled in the coupling groove wherein the sealing member selectively cuts off the inside channel according to a temperature of the cooling water, the sealing member being expanded when the temperature of the cooling water supplied into the water jacket is equal to or higher than a preset temperature to cut off the inside channel between the base and the cylinder, to increase a flow resistance of the cooling water and reduce a heat transfer rate, and
wherein when the inside channel is cut off by the sealing member, a portion of the cooling water flows to the outside channel and surround a full length of the base from a bottom to a top.

US Pat. No. 10,190,470

CATALYTIC DEVICE DETECTION SYSTEM

1. In an engine having an exhaust gas system which flows exhaust gasses through an aftertreatment device, a method for detecting the aftertreatment device, the method comprising the following steps:(a) sensing an inlet temperature of the exhaust gas at an inlet of the aftertreatment device;
(b) sensing an outlet temperature of the exhaust gas at an outlet of the aftertreatment device;
(c) filtering the inlet temperature;
(d) calculating an inlet temperature difference between the filtered and unfiltered inlet temperatures;
(e) comparing the inlet temperature difference to a first threshold;
(f) detecting that the inlet temperature difference is greater than a predetermined threshold, and in response to the detection of an occurrence of the inlet temperature difference being greater than the predetermined threshold, calculating an outlet temperature difference between a modeled outlet temperature and the sensed outlet temperature, the modeled outlet temperature representing a simulated temperature of the exhaust gas at the outlet of the aftertreatment device;
(g) comparing an absolute value of the outlet temperature difference to a second threshold; and
(h) detecting that the absolute value of the outlet temperature difference is greater than the second threshold, in response to the detection of the outlet temperature difference being greater than the second threshold, sending a signal to an operator of the engine indicating that the aftertreatment device is missing.

US Pat. No. 10,190,468

SENSOR ELEMENT AND EXHAUST GAS SENSOR HAVING A SENSOR ELEMENT

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A sensor element comprising:a sensor arrangement; and
a heating arrangement configured to heat the sensor arrangement, and including an electrically conductive heating structure that is at least partially electrically insulated from the sensor arrangement by electrical insulation having an electrically insulating material, wherein:
the electrically insulating material has gas-tight sintered particles; and
the gas-tight sintered particles include forsterite particles, spinel particles, or a mixture of forsterite particles and spinel particles.

US Pat. No. 10,190,461

EXHAUST GAS CONTROL SYSTEM FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE AND CONTROL METHOD FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

6. A control method for an internal combustion engine,the internal combustion engine including an exhaust gas control system,
the exhaust gas control system including a first selective reduction NOx catalyst provided in an exhaust passage of the internal combustion engine, a first addition valve provided in the exhaust passage on an upstream side of the first selective reduction NOx catalyst in an exhaust gas flow direction, a second addition valve provided in the exhaust passage on a downstream side of the first selective reduction NOx catalyst in the exhaust gas flow direction, and an electronic control unit configured to control addition of an additive from the first addition valve and addition of the additive from the second addition valve,
the first selective reduction NOx catalyst being configured to selectively reduce NOx in the exhaust gas of the internal combustion engine with a reducing agent, and
the reducing agent being ammonia,
the first addition valve being configured to add the additive toward an end surface on the upstream side of the first selective reduction NOx catalyst, and
the second addition valve being configured to add the additive toward an end surface on the downstream side of the first selective reduction NOx catalyst, and
the additive being one of the ammonia and a precursor of the ammonia,
the control method comprising:
determining, by the electronic control unit, whether or not an exhaust gas flow rate is equal to or lower than a predetermined flow rate; and
adding the additive onto the first selective reduction NOx catalyst from both of the first addition valve and the second addition valve, as a result of the electronic control unit determining that the flow rate of the exhaust gas flowing in the exhaust passage is less than the predetermined flow rate when the electronic control unit allows the ammonia to be adsorbed onto the first selective reduction NOx catalyst.

US Pat. No. 10,190,459

INJECTION DEVICE

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. An injection device (1), comprising:a pressure-controlled and outward-opening injection valve (2) which includes an axially displaceable valve piston (6) which penetrates through a throughflow opening (7) in a valve body (5) and has a valve tip (9) at one end,
a valve seat (8) assigned to the throughflow opening (7), and
at least one spring element (11) which urges the valve piston (6) having the valve tip (9) against the valve seat (8) in order to close the throughflow opening (7),
wherein the throughflow opening in the valve body continually tapers in a direction toward the valve seat,
wherein the valve tip (9) is axially displaceable in a flow chamber (15) which is formed between the valve body (5) and a perforated injection plate (14) which has a plurality of injection openings (19), and
wherein the valve tip (9) has, on a side opposed to the valve seat (8), an axial stop (18) interacting with the perforated injection plate (14), characterized in that the axial stop (18) is formed by an axial projection (17) on a flat underside (16) of the valve tip (9) that is assigned to the perforated injection plate (14).

US Pat. No. 10,190,457

EXHAUST GAS PURIFICATION APPARATUS FOR AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki ...

1. An exhaust gas purification apparatus for an internal combustion engine comprising:a first catalyst in a form of a three-way catalyst that is arranged in an exhaust passage of the internal combustion engine, and has an oxygen storage capacity;
a second catalyst in the form of a three-way catalyst that is arranged in said exhaust passage at a downstream side of said first catalyst, and has an oxygen storage capacity; and
a controller configured to make a target air fuel ratio of said internal combustion engine vary;
wherein said controller configured to carry out lean control and rich control in an alternate manner, said lean control setting a reference lean air fuel ratio, which is an air fuel ratio set as a target mean value of the target air fuel ratio at the time of making the target air fuel ratio of said internal combustion engine vary and which is an air fuel ratio leaner than a stoichiometric air fuel ratio, said lean control making the target air fuel ratio of said internal combustion engine vary between a first lean air fuel ratio, which is an air fuel ratio leaner than said reference lean air fuel ratio, and a first rich air fuel ratio, which is an air fuel ratio richer than the stoichiometric air fuel ratio, and said rich control setting a reference rich air fuel ratio, which is an air fuel ratio set as a target mean value of the target air fuel ratio at the time of making the target air fuel ratio of said internal combustion engine vary and which is an air fuel ratio richer than the stoichiometric air fuel ratio, said rich control making the target air fuel ratio of said internal combustion engine vary between a second lean air fuel ratio, which is an air fuel ratio leaner than the stoichiometric air fuel ratio, and a second rich air fuel ratio, which is an air fuel ratio richer than the reference rich air fuel ratio; and
when making said target air fuel ratio vary in the case of carrying out said lean control, said controller configured to make makes a period per one time in which said target air fuel ratio becomes said first lean air fuel ratio longer than a period per one time in which said target air fuel ratio becomes said first rich air fuel ratio, and make a deviation of said first lean air fuel ratio from said reference lean air fuel ratio smaller than a deviation of said first rich air fuel ratio from said reference lean air fuel ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,190,456

OIL REMOVAL APPARATUS

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An oil removal apparatus that is capable of removing oil particles contained in blow-by gas flowing through a blow-by gas passage of an internal combustion engine, comprising:a bipolar electrode having an anode and a cathode that extend in a flow direction of said blow-by gas;
a filter formed from an insulator and disposed between said anode and said cathode of said bipolar electrode, wherein in said filter dielectric polarization occurs when a voltage is applied to said bipolar electrode and said filter traps the oil particles;
a case housing said bipolar electrode and said filter; and
a voltage applicator configured to supply a voltage to said bipolar electrode,
wherein, when said oil removal apparatus is installed in a static vehicle, said bipolar electrode and said filter are stacked in said case so as to be arranged in a horizontal direction, and said oil removal apparatus is constructed so that said blow-by gas flows in the horizontal direction along said bipolar electrode, and a space through which said blow-by gas flows is formed between a lower inner wall surface of said case, and said bipolar electrode and filter.

US Pat. No. 10,190,453

VALVE FOR VEHICLE TRANSMISSION OIL COOLER BYPASS

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A valve for a vehicle in which the valve is connected with a transmission and is provided between an oil cooler for cooling transmission oil by heat-exchanging with outside air and the transmission, the valve comprising:a housing including a first inflow hole, a second inflow hole, a first exhaust hole, and a second exhaust hole, wherein the first inflow hole and the second exhaust hole are formed at a first lateral side of the housing and are configured to fluidly-communicate with the transmission, and wherein the first exhaust hole and the second inflow hole are formed at a second lateral side of the housing and are configured to fluidly-communicate with the oil cooler;
an inner body wherein an upper end portion of the inner body is fixedly mounted at an upper end portion of the housing and a lower end portion of the inner body is inserted in the housing, and wherein at least one opening hole is formed on an exterior circumference of the inner body and a fixing groove is formed on the upper end portion of the inner body;
a fixing rod of which an upper end is fixed to the fixing groove of the inner body;
a movable member of which a first end portion is slidably engaged to the lower end portion of the fixing rod to upwardly or downwardly move along the fixing rod according to a temperature of the transmission oil being flowed in the inside of the housing;
a relief member including a penetration hole formed at a center of the relief member, wherein the lower end portion of the movable member is selectively movable therein and the relief member is slidably mounted in the lower end portion of the inner body;
a first elastic member interposed between the movable member and the relief member; and
a second elastic member interposed between the inner body and the relief member,
wherein the inner body is formed at a position spaced apart from the fixing groove at a lower portion thereof, and further includes a fixing portion in which a valve hole is formed corresponding to the movable member, and
wherein the inner body comprises:
a first opening hole formed at an upper portion of the inner body between the fixing groove and the fixing portion;
a second opening hole respectively formed at a lower portion of the fixing portion and a lower portion of the inner body at a position spaced apart from the first opening hole; and
a third opening hole formed at the lower end portion of the inner body at a position spaced apart from the second opening hole.

US Pat. No. 10,190,452

ENGINE LUBRICATION STRUCTURE AND MOTORCYCLE

SUZUKI MOTOR CORPORATION,...

1. An engine lubrication structure which supplies oil from an oil pump to individual components of an engine in which a balancer shaft is disposed parallel with a crank shaft in a crank case, wherein:the engine comprises a turbocharger which compresses intake air using exhaust gas of the engine;
a main gallery which supplies oil to a bearing of the crank shaft via a first oil passage and supplies oil to a bearing of the balancer shaft via a second oil passage, and a sub-gallery which supplies the oil flowing past the bearing of the balancer shaft and supplied to the sub-gallery via a third oil passage connecting the bearing of the balancer shaft and the sub-gallery to individual components of the engine via a fourth oil passage shaft are provided in the crank case; and
a fifth oil passage which supplies oil to the turbocharger is connected to the sub-gallery.

US Pat. No. 10,190,429

INTERSHAFT SEAL WITH ASYMMETRIC SEALING RING AND CENTRIFUGAL RETAINING PLATES

Stein Seal Company, Kulp...

1. A seal assembly for use between an inner shaft and an outer shaft within a turbine engine comprising:(a) a sealing ring including a plurality of asymmetric ring segments, each said asymmetric ring segment further includes:
(i) a vertical flange; and
(ii) a pair of horizontal flanges which extend from said vertical flange in a non-symmetric arrangement, at least one slot disposed along each said horizontal flange;
(b) a pair of centrifugal retaining plates, said sealing ring interposed between said centrifugal retaining plates, each said centrifugal retaining plate includes a plurality of tabs extending therefrom, each said tab engaged by one said slot;
(c) a pair of end rings, said sealing ring and said centrifugal retaining plates interposed between said end rings, each said centrifugal retaining plate directly interposed between one said horizontal flange and one said end ring, said vertical flange extends from between said end rings in the direction of said outer shaft, a non-contact seal formed between an outer sealing surface along said vertical flange and an inner sealing surface along said outer shaft; and
(d) an inner ring, said sealing ring disposed about said inner ring, said inner ring includes a plurality of ridges that engages said asymmetric ring segments so as to prevent rotation of said asymmetric ring segments with respect to said inner shaft.

US Pat. No. 10,190,428

UNIVERSAL SEAL

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. A seal for a gas turbine engine comprising:a top;
a bottom;
a left side;
a right side;
a back;
a front, wherein said back is parallel to said front and said left side is parallel to said right side such that a non-square shape is formed by the intersection of the back, the left side, the front and the right side, and said top includes a first vane mating surface and said bottom includes a second vane mating surface, and said top of said seal includes a first honeycomb sealing surface for engaging a first knife edge and the bottom of said seal includes a second honeycomb sealing surface for engaging a second knife edge seal;
a first chamfer defined between said top and said front; and
a second chamfer defined between said front and said bottom.

US Pat. No. 10,190,425

FLOW SPLITTING FIRST VANE SUPPORT FOR GAS TURBINE ENGINE

United Technologies Corpo...

1. A gas turbine engine comprising:an engine static structure having a fluid port;
a turbine vane supported relative to the engine static structure and including a cooling passage;
a flow splitter provided between the engine static structure and the turbine vane, the flow splitter configured to divide a flow upstream from the flow splitter into a first fluid flow provided to the fluid port and a second fluid flow provided to the cooling passage; and
a locating feature between the flow splitter and the engine static structure configured to circumferentially affix the flow splitter to the engine static structure, wherein the engine static structure includes one of a fork and a tab, and the flow splitter includes the other of the fork and the tab, the tab received in the fork and comprising the locating feature.

US Pat. No. 10,190,424

3D THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITE PULTRUSION SYSTEM AND METHOD

Ebert Composites Corporat...

1. A 3D thermoplastic pultrusion system, comprising:at least a first set, second set, and third set of 3D thermoplastic forming machines,
the first set including a plurality of motion control CNC rotational motors and CNC actuators operatively coupled to the motion control CNC rotational motors, a flexible heated band connected to the CNC actuators to preform and heat a prepreg thermoplastic composite material, and bearings that the motion control CNC rotational motors pivot the actuators about and hold the actuators in position;
the second set located downstream of the first set and including a plurality of motion control CNC rotational motors and CNC actuators operatively coupled to the motion control CNC rotational motors, a flexible heated band connected to the CNC actuators to form and heat the prepreg thermoplastic composite material from the first set, and bearings that the motion control CNC rotational motors pivot the actuators about and hold the actuators in position;
the third set located downstream of the second set and including a plurality of motion control CNC rotational motors and CNC actuators operatively coupled to the motion control CNC rotational motors, a flexible chilled band connected to the CNC actuators to form the heated prepreg thermoplastic composite material from the second set into the thermoplastic composite pultrusion, and bearings that the motion control CNC rotational motors pivot the actuators about and hold the actuators in position;
a CNC control system controlling at least the first set, the second set, and the third set of 3D thermoplastic forming machines to form the prepreg thermoplastic composite material, the CNC control system including a 3D thermoplastic pultrusion system computer system having a computer readable medium configured to store executable programmed modules; a processor communicatively coupled with the computer readable medium configured to execute programmed modules stored therein; one or more computer programmed module elements is stored in the computer readable medium and configured to be executed by the processor, wherein the one or more computer programmed module elements is configured to perform the following for the prepreg thermoplastic composite material:
preform and heat the prepreg thermoplastic composite material with the first set of 3D thermoplastic forming machines;
form and heat the prepreg thermoplastic composite material from the first set with the second set of 3D thermoplastic forming machines;
form the heated prepreg thermoplastic composite material from the second set into the thermoplastic composite pultrusion with the flexible chilled band of the third set of 3D thermoplastic forming machines.

US Pat. No. 10,190,422

ROTATION ENHANCED TURBINE BLADE COOLING

Solar Turbines Incorporat...

1. A turbine blade for a gas turbine engine, comprising:an outer, peripheral wall extending along a suction side and a pressure side of the blade from a leading edge to a trailing edge of the blade and from a root end to a tip end of the blade;
a substantially vertical bifurcating internal wall extending between the leading edge and the trailing edge of the blade in between the suction side and the pressure side of the blade;
a plurality of pressure side cooling fluid passages defined between the peripheral wall on the pressure side of the blade and the bifurcating internal wall and extending at least part way from the root end to the tip end of the blade;
a plurality of suction side cooling fluid passages defined between the peripheral wall on the suction side of the blade and the bifurcating internal wall and extending at least part way from the tip end to the root end of the blade; and
at least one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages being configured to receive fresh cooling fluid from a cooling fluid inlet opening at the root end of the blade and direct the cooling fluid radially upwardly toward the tip end of the blade, wherein the tip end of the at least one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages is fluidly connected across a top side of the bifurcating internal wall to at least one of the plurality of suction side cooling fluid passages such that cooling fluid passes up through the at least one pressure side cooling fluid passages from the root end to the tip end of the blade, across the top of the bifurcating internal wall, and down through the at least one suction side cooling passage from the tip end to the root end of the blade,
wherein only a first one of the at least one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages is configured to receive cooling fluid from the cooling fluid inlet opening at the root end of the blade, the first one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages being fluidly connected across the top side of the bifurcating internal wall to two of the suction side cooling fluid passages,
wherein one of the two suction side cooling fluid passages is configured to direct cooling fluid from the first one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages downwardly along the suction side of the blade and is fluidly connected across the bottom side of the bifurcating internal wall to a second one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages adjacent a leading edge cooling fluid passage extending vertically along at least a portion of the leading edge of the blade; and
wherein one or more impingement holes are provided through an internal wall extending between the pressure side and the suction side of the blade and separating the second one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages and the leading edge cooling fluid passage, the one or more impingement holes configured for directing cooling fluid flowing upwardly through the second one of the pressure side cooling fluid passages into the leading edge cooling fluid passage, and a showerhead arrangement of film cooling holes being provided through the outer peripheral wall along the leading edge and configured for directing cooling fluid from the leading edge cooling fluid passage to the outer surface of the outer peripheral wall along the leading edge of the blade.

US Pat. No. 10,190,420

FLARED CROSSOVERS FOR AIRFOILS

UNITED TECHNOLOGIES CORPO...

1. An airfoil, comprising:an airfoil section extending in a spanwise direction from a platform section, said airfoil section extending in a circumferential direction between a pressure side and a suction side, said airfoil section extending in an axial direction between a leading edge and a trailing edge, and said airfoil section having an external wall and an internal wall, said internal wall defining a reference plane extending in said spanwise direction along a surface of said internal wall;
a first cavity and a second cavity separated by said internal wall;
a plurality of crossover passages within said internal wall and connecting said first cavity to said second cavity, each of said plurality of crossover passages defining a passage axis, said plurality of crossover passages distributed in said spanwise direction and arranged such that said passage axis of each of said plurality of crossover passages intersects a surface of said second cavity, said second cavity being an impingement cooling cavity, and wherein said second cavity is bounded by said external wall; and
wherein said passage axis of each of said plurality of crossover passages is arranged at a radial angle relative to a localized region of said reference plane such that said radial angle of at least three of said plurality of crossover passages differs in said spanwise direction, said localized region defined at an intersection of said passage axis and said reference plane, and said radial angle defined such that a component of said passage axis extends in said spanwise direction.

US Pat. No. 10,190,412

DETERMINING SUBTERRANEAN-FORMATION RESISTIVITY USING AN ELECTROMAGNETIC TELEMETRY SYSTEM

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:receiving, from a downhole transceiver positioned on a well tool in a wellbore and by a computing device, a signal indicating a load impedance across an electrically insulating segment of the downhole transceiver;
determining, by the computing device, a conductivity associated with a portion of the wellbore based on the load impedance and a plurality of values, wherein the plurality of values comprises a longitudinal length of at least a portion of the well tool, a skin depth of a subterranean formation through which the wellbore is formed, an outer diameter of the electrically insulating segment of the downhole transceiver, a frequency at which the downhole transceiver operates, a magnetic permeability of the subterranean formation, and a relative permeability of the subterranean formation;
determining, by the computing device, a resistivity associated with the portion of the wellbore by inversing the conductivity; and
determining, by the computing device, a corrected resistivity by modifying the resistivity associated with the portion of the wellbore using a correction factor.

US Pat. No. 10,190,411

DOWNHOLE FLUID CHARACTERIZATION METHODS AND SYSTEMS USING MULTI-ELECTRODE CONFIGURATIONS

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:placing a tubular base structure having a multi-electrode configuration disposed thereon in at least a portion of a well bore penetrating at least a portion of a subterranean formation, the multi-electrode configuration comprising at least first and second electrodes with a dielectric layer between the tubular base structure and the electrodes, wherein the first electrode is positioned at a first height radially from an outer surface of the tubular base structure and at least another of the electrodes is positioned at a second height radially from an outer surface of the tubular base structure that is greater than or less than the first height, wherein the tubular base structure comprises a casing;
collecting electromagnetic measurements using the multi-electrode configuration; and
processing the electromagnetic measurements to obtain a characterization of at least one fluid in an annulus between the tubular base structure and an inner wall of the well bore.

US Pat. No. 10,190,408

SYSTEM, APPARATUS, AND METHOD FOR DRILLING

APS Technology, Inc., Wa...

1. A method for monitoring a drilling operation of a drilling system, the drilling system having a drill string having a top end located at a surface of an earthen formation, the drill string configured to form a borehole in the earthen formation during the drilling operation, the method comprising the steps of:transmitting an electromagnetic signal via an electromagnetic telemetry tool located at a downhole end of the drill sting while the electromagnetic telemetry tool is in the borehole;
receiving the electromagnetic signal transmitted by the electromagnetic telemetry tool via a first pair of antennas positioned on the surface of the earthen formation, the first pair of antennas being spaced apart from the top end of the drill string, wherein the electromagnetic signal received by the first pair of antennas has a first signal characteristic at the surface;
receiving the same electromagnetic signal transmitted by the electromagnetic telemetry tool via a second pair of antennas each of which are different from each of the first pair of antennas, the second pair of antennas being positioned on the surface at a different location at a distance further away than that of the first pair of antennas with respect to the top end of the drill string, wherein the electromagnetic signal received by the second pair of antennas has a second signal characteristic at the surface at the different location;
receiving via a receiver assembly a first surface signal transmitted from the first pair of antennas and a second surface signal transmitted from the second pair of antennas, wherein the first surface signal has the first signal characteristic and the second surface signal has the second signal characteristic;
identifying via a computer processor if a) the first signal characteristic of the first surface signal received by the first electromagnetic antenna pair or b) the second signal characteristic received by the second electromagnetic antenna pair has a preferred signal characteristic; and
decoding the first surface signal or the second surface signal transmitted by the respective first pair of antennas and the second pair of antennas with the preferred signal characteristic, wherein the first signal characteristic and the second signal characteristic include a strength of the electromagnetic signal received by the antenna pairs respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,190,405

BOREHOLE ARRAY FOR RANGING AND CROSSWELL TELEMETRY

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method that comprises:emitting electromagnetic beacons by at least some of a plurality of electromagnetic reference nodes distributed along one or more reference wells and wired to a surface controller;
storing, by said at least some of the plurality of electromagnetic reference nodes, position information comprising at least one type of data consisting of distance and direction of a bottomhole assembly in another well wherein each of the plurality of electromagnetic reference nodes includes a data queue responsive to being polled, and wherein the bottomhole assembly is configured to determine the position information relative to an emitted beacon from one of the plurality of reference nodes, to open a communication channel with said one of the plurality of reference nodes, and to provide the position information to a corresponding data queue;
polling said at least some of the plurality of electromagnetic reference nodes distributed along the one or more reference wells;
conveying the position information stored by said at least some of the plurality of electromagnetic reference nodes to the surface controller in response to said polling; and
steering the bottomhole assembly in the other well based at least in part on triangulating a position of the bottomhole assembly relative to two or more of the plurality of electromagnetic reference nodes using respective emitted beacons from the two or more of the plurality of electromagnetic reference nodes and the position information obtained from said polling.

US Pat. No. 10,190,394

ENERGY HARVESTING FROM A DOWNHOLE JAR

Halliburton Energy Servic...

3. A system for generating electrical energy in a downhole environment, the system comprising:a conveyance;
a jar comprising a movable member and a stationary member, the movable member being movable relative to the stationary member by a control system;
a magnet coupled to the stationary member; and
a conductive coil coupled to the movable member; wherein the magnet moves relative to the coil to generate electrical energy in response to movement of the movable member relative to the stationary member; and
an energy storage subsystem coupled to the movable member and electrically coupled to the conductive coil.

US Pat. No. 10,190,387

METHOD OF SEALING A WELL

STATOIL PETROLEUM AS, St...

1. A method of sealing a well comprising:creating one or more openings in a tubing installed in a wellbore, in a location for a well seal;
using a wireline to locate a stinger in said location;
setting the stinger in said location by hanging the stinger from said tubing; and
forming a seal in the well in said location, by injecting sealant through said stinger such that the sealant flows upwardly around the stinger,
wherein the stinger is extendable and telescopic,
wherein the stinger comprises a valve across an end which is lowermost when the stinger is extended, and
wherein a plurality of telescopic sections are held in a compacted configuration by a mechanism configured to release when a pre-determined pressure is applied, thus causing the telescopic sections to extend.

US Pat. No. 10,190,375

CONNECTION DEVICE FOR CONNECTING A SECONDARY CIRCUIT TO A DRILLING ELEMENT FOR THE CIRCULATION OF DRILLING FLUIDS IN AN OIL WELL

DRILLMEC S.P.A., Gariga ...

1. A connection device for connecting a secondary circuit for circulation of drilling fluids to a drilling element comprising an axial hole and a radial bore in communication with said axial hole; a safety valve assembly associated with said radial bore, the safety valve assembly comprises a valve body and at least one obstructor for taking at least two operating configurations;said connection device comprises:
a central body comprising:
a first connection portion for effecting a sealed connection to said secondary circuit;
a second connection portion for effecting a sealed connection to said radial bore;
an intake duct, interposed between said connection portions, for conducting said drilling fluids;
a clamping system, for connecting the connection device to the drilling element;
only one opening device for selectively opening and closing, at least partially, the radial bore by acting upon the valve assembly;
only one coupling device for connecting said opening device to said valve assembly;
wherein:
said opening device is adapted to selectively open and close, at least partially, said radial bore by acting upon a first obstructor of the valve assembly through at least one rotary movement;
said coupling device is for coupling to a clamping element comprised in the first obstructor, so that said the at least one rotary movement of said opening device is transferred to said first obstructor in order to selectively open and close, at least partially, said radial bore in a secure manner.

US Pat. No. 10,190,370

COMPOSITE WELLBORE SEAL SYSTEM WITH SENSING AND SELF-HEALING CAPABILITIES

STC.UNM, Albuquerque, NM...

1. A wellbore seal system comprising: a casing, a fiber reinforced polymer layer, and layer of polymer cement;said layers bonded together and configured to create a low permeable and ductile seal at discrete locations of the wellbore or along the wellbore;
said polymer layer is chemically bonded to said casing and inhibits the formation of a microannulus at said casing; and
said polymer layer is an aramid fiber reinforced polymer or is a glass reinforced polymer.

US Pat. No. 10,190,369

BIT INCORPORATING DUCTILE INSERTS

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A fixed-cutter drill bit comprising:a metal-matrix composite body having at least one metal-matrix composite blade; a bit blank disposed within the metal-matrix composite body;
a plurality of cutters disposed on the at least one metal-matrix composite blade; and a ductile insert partially disposed within the metal-matrix composite body and having an exposed surface,
wherein the ductile insert has a greater ductility than the metal-matrix composite body;wherein the exposed surface of the ductile insert is positioned at or proximate to at least one high-stress portion of the fixed-cutter drill bit that experiences a high tensile stress during operation.

US Pat. No. 10,190,367

SPLINE INSERT FOR A DOWNHOLE TOOL

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

5. A method, comprising:removing a first spline insert from within a recess in a body of a downhole tool having at least two expandable members configured to expand radially between retracted and expanded positions, the first spline insert including first and second wings circumferentially offset from one another with respect to a longitudinal axis of the downhole tool, the first spline insert including a first spline on the first wing engaged with a first one of the at least two expandable members a second spline on the second wing engaged with a second one of the at least two expandable members; and
inserting a second spline insert at least partially into the recess in the body, the second spline insert including at least one spline configured to engage the first one of the at least two expandable members.