US Pat. No. 10,168,473

INTEGRATION OF BONDED OPTOELECTRONICS, PHOTONICS WAVEGUIDE AND VLSI SOI

International Business Ma...

1. An optoelectronic device, comprising:an integrated circuit including electronic devices and a semiconductor substrate, wherein the electronic devices are formed on a front side of the semiconductor substrate;
a barrier layer formed on a back side of the semiconductor substrate, wherein the back side is opposite the front side; and
a photonics layer formed on the barrier layer such that the barrier layer forms a barrier between the photonics layer and the semiconductor substrate, the photonics layer including a core for transmission of light and a cladding layer encapsulating the core and including a different index of refraction than the core, the core configured to couple light generated from at least one component of the optoelectronic device; and
a diode or laser operatively coupled across the barrier layer to at least one of the electronic devices, bonded directly to the barrier layer and formed within the cladding layer to couple light into the core.

US Pat. No. 10,168,472

OPTICAL RECEPTACLE, OPTICAL COMMUNICATIONS TRANSCEIVER MODULE, AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING OPTICAL RECEPTACLE

KYOCERA CORPORATION, Kyo...

1. An optical receptacle comprising:an optical component assembly comprising:
a light guide member; and
a tubular member retaining the light guide member in a through hole of the tubular member, wherein the tubular member comprises at least one projection not located on an outer peripheral surface of the tubular member, extending outward of the outer peripheral surface of the tubular member at one end and extending in an axial direction and in a direction of a sleeve of the tubular member thereof;
the sleeve having a tubular shape and fitted to an outer periphery of the light guide member at a rear end portion of the sleeve, the sleeve having an inside diameter at a front end portion different from an inside diameter at the rear end portion; and
a shell having a tubular shape and covering an outer peripheral surface of the sleeve, the shell comprising a groove in a rear end portion of the shell, the groove extending in the axial direction and turning and extending in a circumferential direction, and the groove being engaged with the at least one projection of the tubular member to secure the shell.

US Pat. No. 10,168,471

OPTICAL SENSOR AND METHOD

1. Use of an optical sensor capable of providing at least one split resonance in measuring spectral shifts in resonance wavelengths of the at least one split resonance to detect one or more elements in a water-based solution to be detected using said spectral shifts, the optical sensor comprising:a waveguide having a circular core, a circular cladding having an outer surface and a long period fiber grating, the waveguide having a portion along its length including the circular core, the circular cladding and the long period fiber grating with the long period fiber grating having a single grating period within said portion of the waveguide, the circular core, the circular cladding and the long period fiber grating within said portion of the waveguide being tuned to collectively excite at least one cladding mode, each of the at least one cladding mode having a corresponding one of the at least one split resonance with two resonant wavelengths; and
binding sites on the outer surface of the circular cladding for binding to the elements to be detected to the outer surface of the circular cladding.

US Pat. No. 10,168,465

ILLUMINATING APPARATUS, VEHICLE HEADLAMP AND CONTROL SYSTEM OF VEHICLE HEADLAMP

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An illuminating apparatus comprising:a first light source that emits a first light;
a light emitter that contains a phosphor and emits light after being irradiated with the first light that excites the phosphor;
a second light source that does not contribute to excitation of the phosphor and emits a second light which is infrared light or visible light having a different spectrum from an emission spectrum of the light emitted from the light emitter;
a light irradiator that irradiates a portion of the light emitter with the second light; and
a light projector that projects the first light and the second light which is emitted from the light emitter, wherein
the second light source projects information or a function different from the first light source,
the information includes at least one of a figure, a letter, a symbol, and a warning, and
the function includes at least one of projecting any size of a spot as a warning, and changing a color temperature of an area of the first light.

US Pat. No. 10,168,462

BACKLIGHT UNIT INCLUDING LIGHT GUIDE PLATE HAVING INCLINED REFLECTIVE SURFACE AND DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A backlight unit comprising:a first point light source and a second point light source opposing one another; and
a light guide plate between the first point light source and the second point light source, the light guide plate including:
a first light-incident side surface, the first point light source facing a first end of the first light-incident side surface;
a second light-incident side surface facing the first light-incident side surface, the second point light source facing a first end of the second light-incident side surface;
a first reflective side surface extending directly from the first end of the first light-incident side surface;
a second reflective side surface extending directly from the first end of the second light-incident side surface toward the first reflective side surface, an end of the first reflective side surface being in contact with an end of the second reflective side surface, and
a side surface connecting a second end of the first light-incident side surface and a second end of the second light-incident side surface to each other, the side surface facing the first and second reflective side surfaces,
wherein a first angle between the first light-incident side surface and the first reflective side surface is less than a second angle between the first light-incident side surface and the side surface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,461

BACKLIGHT UNIT AND DISPLAY DEVICE COMPRISING SAME

LG ELECTRONICS INC., Seo...

1. A backlight unit comprising:a light source formed to provide primary light;
a quantum dot phosphor excited by the primary light provided from the light source to emit secondary light having a wavelength different from a wavelength of the primary light and disposed to be spaced apart from the light source;
an optical agent absorbing light having a specific wavelength from the primary light provided by the light source and the secondary light emitted from the quantum dot phosphor; and
a matrix configured to support the quantum dot phosphor and the optical agent, wherein
the quantum dot phosphor and the optical agent are randomly mixed in the matrix, and
the quantum dot phosphor, the optical agent, and the matrix form a composite.

US Pat. No. 10,168,460

INTEGRATED QUANTUM DOT OPTICAL CONSTRUCTIONS

3M INNOVATIVE PROPERTIES ...

1. An optical construction comprising:a quantum dot film element comprising a plurality of quantum dots;
a first optical recycling element; and
a first low refractive index element separating the quantum dot film element from the first optical recycling element, the first low refractive index element comprising a single low refractive index layer having a refractive index of 1.3 or less.

US Pat. No. 10,168,458

CURVED LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY DEVICE AND COLOR FILTER SUBSTRATE FOR THE SAME

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. A curved liquid crystal display device, comprising:first and second substrates facing each other and including a central region and a first peripheral region;
a plurality of data lines disposed on the first substrate and being spaced apart from each other, wherein a distance between adjacent data lines in the central region is the same as a distance between adjacent data lines in the first peripheral region;
a plurality of gate lines disposed on the first substrate and crossing the plurality of data lines;
a pixel electrode disposed on the first substrate;
a common electrode on the first substrate or the second substrate;
a black matrix disposed on the second substrate and including first black matrixes in the central region and second black matrixes in the first peripheral region; and
a liquid crystal layer disposed between the first and second substrates,
wherein the first black matrixes are spaced apart from each other by a first distance, and the second black matrixes are spaced apart from each other by a second distance being smaller than the first distance,
wherein the first and second substrates further include a second peripheral region between the central region and the first peripheral region, and the black matrix further includes third black matrixes in the second peripheral region, and
wherein the third black matrixes are spaced apart from each other by a third distance being smaller than the first distance and larger than the second distance.

US Pat. No. 10,168,457

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF DIFFRACTION GRATING

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A manufacturing method of a Blazed diffraction grating configured to diffract incident light and made of a crystal material, the manufacturing method comprising the step of:forming a plurality of gratings by moving relatively a work and a cutting tool in a groove direction of a plurality of grooves at a plurality of positions in a Blazed direction,
wherein each of the plurality of gratings has a triangular section shape on a section that contains the Blazed direction, providing the plurality of gratings,
wherein each of the plurality of gratings has a short side surface and a long side surface that intersect each other to constitute one of the plurality of gratings, each of the short side surface and the long side surface extending along the groove direction, which is different from the Blazed direction,
wherein the short side surface has a short side of the triangular sectional shape on the section,
wherein the long side surface has a long side, which is longer than the short side, of the triangular sectional shape on the section, and
wherein one of the short side surface or the long side surface is a (110) plane of the crystal material.

US Pat. No. 10,168,456

OPTICAL STACK COMPRISING ADHESIVE

3M Innovative Properties ...

1. An optical stack comprising a first optical film comprising a plurality of structures comprising an optically active portion designed primarily to provide optical gain bonded to a second optical film with a light-transmissive adhesive layer such that a portion of the structures penetrate the adhesive layer and a separation is provided between the adhesive layer and the first surface, wherein the adhesive layer comprises an interpenetrating network of the reaction product of a polyacrylate component and a polymerizable monomer having functional groups and a molecular weight less than 150 g/mole per functional group, the peel strength of the optical stack is at least 50 grams force/inch and the stack exhibits a decrease in optical gain of no greater than 5% when the optical stack is conditioned at 65° C. and 95% relative humidity for 200 hours.

US Pat. No. 10,168,454

HEAD-MOUNTED DISPLAY DEVICE

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. A head-mounted display comprising:a display element;
a light guide prism extending in a longitudinal direction, the light guide prism having an optical axis along the longitudinal direction and having four side surfaces each having a substantially rectangular section taken perpendicular to the optical axis, the light guide prism including an incident surface through which image light from the display element enters the light guide prism, the light guide prism guiding the entered image light along the optical axis in the longitudinal direction to an eye of a user and emitting the guided image light from an emission surface to the eye of the user;
a housing that contains the display element and the light guide prism; and
a support unit that fixes the housing to a head of the user,
wherein:
the light guide prism is partially covered by and contained in the housing on an end of the light guide prism closer to the incident surface such that a portion of at least one of the four side surfaces of the light guide prism that is covered by the housing being formed with a first groove open to the at least one of the four side surfaces, and a portion of the at least one of the four side surfaces of the light guide prism on an end of the light guide prism closer to the emission surface that is exposed outside the housing being formed with a second groove open to the at least one of the four side surfaces,
a depth of the first groove measured from the at least one of the four side surfaces is greater than a depth of the second groove measured from the at least one of the four side surfaces;
each of the first groove and the second groove is defined by two tilted surfaces and has a V-shaped sectional form; and
one of the two tilted surfaces defining the first groove that is located closer to the incident surface is formed at a tilt angle not satisfying a total reflection condition with respect to at least part of light beams constituting the image light, which directly enters the light guide prism from the display element through the incident surface, and one of the two tilted surfaces defining the second groove that is located closer to the incident surface is formed at a tilt angle satisfying the total reflection condition with respect to all of the light beams constituting the image light, which directly enters the light guide prism from the display element through the incident surface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,452

ANTIREFLECTION COATING, OPTICAL ELEMENT, OPTICAL SYSTEM AND OPTICAL APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An antireflection coating as a multi-layer film to be formed on a surface of a substrate, the antireflection coating comprising:multiple layers including:
an uppermost layer most distant from the substrate among the multiple layers; and
a lower layer including at least one layer other than the uppermost layer,
wherein:
a refractive index nm of the uppermost layer for a wavelength of ? (nm) satisfies the following condition:
1.1?nm?1.3; and
an optical admittance Y of the lower layer is expressed by Y=a+ib, and a and b in the optical admittance satisfy the following conditions:
(a?1.13)2+(b?0.24)2?0.452 for ?=430;
(a?1.33)2+(b+0.05)2?0.252 for ?=900; and
(a?1.14)2+(b+0.25)2?0.292 for ?=1800; and
wherein:
when an incident angle of a ray, whose wavelength ? (nm) is in a range of 430???1800, to the antireflection coating is 0° or more and 15° or less, a reflectance of the antireflection coating is 1.5% or less; and
when the incident angle of the ray is 30° or more and 45° or less, the reflectance of the antireflection coating is 4.5% or less.

US Pat. No. 10,168,449

CORRECTING COMPUTER MODEL WEATHER FORECASTS USING A HYBRID ANALOG METHOD WITH DYNAMIC TIME WARPING

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:receiving a new weather forecast;
performing a temporally coherent analog modeling process to identify a historical weather forecast that matches the new weather forecast;
updating the new weather forecast based on historical weather observations at points in time in the historical weather forecast, the updating comprising:
shifting a point in time in the historical weather forecast based on a factor determined by a previously executed dynamic time warping (DTW) of the historical weather forecast and the historical weather observations; and
modifying the new weather forecast based on the historical weather observations at the shifted point in time;
anticipating a utility demand based on the new weather forecast; and
purchasing utility supplies based on the utility demand.

US Pat. No. 10,168,448

MACHINE LEARNING APPROACH FOR ANALYSIS AND PREDICTION OF CLOUD PARTICLE SIZE AND SHAPE DISTRIBUTION

International Business Ma...

1. A method for analyzing cloud particle characteristics, the method comprising the steps of:(a) collecting meteorological information, wherein the meteorological information comprises both atmospheric information and geographical local domain information linking the atmospheric information to at least one geographical location, and wherein the local domain information is selected from the group consisting of: latitude, longitude, elevation and surface albedo;
(b) calculating solar radiation values using a radiative transfer model based on the meteorological information and blended guess functions of a cloud particle distribution such that the solar radiation values are generated for each of the blended guess functions, wherein the blended guess functions describe different possible distributions of cloud particles ranging in size from 1 micrometer to 100 micrometers in order to obtain various solar radiation values given the metrological information and the different possible distributions of cloud particles described by the blended guess functions, wherein the calculating further comprises finding a blend of guess functions for subsets of meteorological conditions;
(c) optimizing the cloud particle distribution by optimizing weight coefficients used for the blended guess functions of the cloud particle distribution based on the solar radiation values calculated in step (b) and measured solar radiation values;
(d) training a machine-learning process using the meteorological information collected in step (a) and the cloud particle distribution optimized in step (c) as training samples, whereby the machine-learning process selects the blend of guess functions for each of the subsets of meteorological conditions; and
(e) using the machine-learning process trained in step (d) with weather forecast information, the geographical local domain information and the cloud particle distribution optimized in step (c) to forecast solar radiation values specific to the at least one geographical location and, as new weather forecast information becomes available, providing the new weather forecast information to the machine-learning process to, in an iterative manner, obtain updated forecasts of future available solar irradiation for solar energy production at the at least one geographical location whereby the machine-learning process selects the blend of guess functions for the subsets of meteorological conditions from the updated forecasts of future available solar irradiation to forecast solar power availability for the at least one geographical location.

US Pat. No. 10,168,447

AUTOMATIC GEOSTEERING AND EVOLUTIONARY ALGORITHM FOR USE WITH SAME

Schlumberger Technology C...

1. A method, comprising:accessing synthetic log data based on a model of a geological formation;
accessing observed log data collected from a drilling operation in the geological formation;
iterating, using one or more processors, an evolutionary algorithm to update a geosteering structure model, each iteration including:
generating a plurality of updated models based on a set of shifts of geological structures represented by the geosteering structure model, the set of shifts including at least one of a vertical shift, or a variance of a vertical shift of geological structures represented by the geosteering structure model;
generating updated synthetic log data using at least one of the updated models; and
selecting a candidate solution from the plurality of updated models for a next evolutionary generation based on a comparison of the observed log data and the updated synthetic log data; and
updating a well plan for a drilling operation based upon the candidate solution of a last iteration of the evolutionary algorithm.

US Pat. No. 10,168,444

DATA PROCESSING WITH MAGNETIC RESONANCE TOOL

Halliburton Energy Servic...

1. A method comprising:acquiring echo signals from operation of a nuclear magnetic resonance logging tool to evaluate a formation;
processing, using a processor, the echo signals to determine one or more coefficients correlated to one or more porosities of the formation through inversion utilizing a matrix, wherein at least one element of the matrix is based on a motion of the nuclear magnetic resonance logging tool, and wherein at least one element of the matrix is based on a parameter from the operation of the nuclear magnetic resonance logging tool; and
determining a formation property based on the one or more coefficients correlated to the one or more porosities of the formation.

US Pat. No. 10,168,442

DIFFERENTIAL ENERGY ANALYSIS FOR DIPOLE ACOUSTIC MEASUREMENT

SCHLUMBERGER TECHNOLOGY C...

1. A method comprising: placing an acoustic downhole tool into a borehole in a geological formation;emitting a dipole acoustic signal using one or more acoustic transmitters of the downhole tool;
measuring the dipole acoustic signal using one or more acoustic receivers of the downhole tool;
computing, using a processor, a dipole differential energy of the dipole acoustic signal as measured by two of the one or more acoustic receivers or as emitted by two of the one or more acoustic transmitters, or both; and
providing, using the processor, an indication of the dipole differential energy to facilitate identification of characteristics of the geological formation or the borehole, or both
wherein the dipole differential energy is computed as a normalized differential energy, and
wherein computing the dipole differential energy comprises removing a baseline energy level from the normalized differential energy.

US Pat. No. 10,168,439

DATA CORRECTING USING PHOTOPEAK MONITORING DURING IMAGING

Siemens Medical Solutions...

1. A method, comprising:obtaining a first photopeak location for at least one crystal in a detector;
receiving image data from the at least one crystal, wherein the at least one crystal generates the image data during a current imaging procedure;
processing the image data using the first photopeak location;
determining a second photopeak location for the at least one crystal, wherein the second photopeak location is determined from the image data;
determining a difference between the first photopeak location and the second photopeak location;
reprocessing the image data using the second photopeak location when the difference between the first photopeak location and the second photopeak location exceeds a predetermined threshold; and
generating an image using the image data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,438

ANALYSIS OF SIGNALS FROM PIXELLATED DETECTORS OF IONIZING RADIATION

Diamond Light Source Limi...

1. An analyser arranged to receive signals from a semiconductor detector for detecting the energies of particles or photons of ionizing radiation, the semiconductor detector comprising a plurality of pixels, each pixel being arranged to output a time varying signal comprising a series of time varying event features, each event feature representing a time varying response of the pixel to an ionizing particle or photon incident on the pixel, the signals received by the analyser exhibiting cross talk between each other whereby at least some of the event features give rise to corresponding cross talk features in the signal output by at least one other pixel,the analyser comprising one or more cross talk compensation signatures provided as time domain functions,
for each of a plurality of said pixels, the analyser being arranged:
to detect an event feature in the signal from that pixel;
based on the detected event feature, to synchronize selected one or more cross talk compensation signatures to portions of signals from one or more other ones of the pixels at which cross talk from the event feature is expected, the portions being concurrent with the detected event feature; and
to analyse concurrent portions of the signals from the one or more other ones of the pixels, the analysis including compensation for said expected cross talk using the corresponding synchronized cross talk compensation signatures.

US Pat. No. 10,168,437

DETECTOR OF IONIZING RADIATION ENABLING A COHERENT DIGITAL IMAGE

ADVACAM S.R.O., Prague (...

1. A detector of ionizing radiation enabling the creation of a coherent digital image of a scanned object, including a matrix and detection area connectable using hardware and software with a display,where a detection surface forms mosaically arranged hybrid semiconductor pixel detector segments of square or rectangular shape, arranged side by side in rows,
a detector segment consisting of a sensor layer arranged on a reader chip such that the edge of the reader chip on one side overlaps the edge of the sensor layer and creates a tier for receiving the edge of another detector segment of an adjacent row and in the area of the tier lead output conductors from the reader chip,
each detector segment is mounted on a chip carrier which is removably attached to the matrix,
wherein the sensor layer of the detector segment is active over the sensor layer entire area including areas adjacent peripheral edges of the sensor layer,
the detector segments are positioned for limiting the mutual lateral clearance between the sensor layers of adjacent detector segments to a value smaller than a size of one pixel of the sensor layer of the detector segment, wherein
the detector segments in relation to the matrix are arranged with a possibility of movement in four directions of a coordinate system in a plane of the matrix, and
comprise at least one carrier of rows, which is mounted to the matrix with the possibility of relative movement and lockable in a selected position relative to the matrix, wherein in the carrier of the rows are, closely adjacent and parallel arranged, detector segments on carriers of chips such that a leading edge of the detector segments overlap beyond a contour of the carrier of the rows and a rear edge of the detector segments with tiered and output conductors are located on the carrier of the rows,
wherein the carrier of the rows is formed by a longitudinal profile having a cross sectional shape of an “L” profile with a vertical portion and horizontal portion,
the carriers of chips having a quadrangular cross section and are mounted in an “L” profile carrier of the rows side by side,
wherein lateral edges of the carriers of chips are arranged in parallel with a side edge of the “L” profile, and upper edges of the carriers of chips are arranged at a same level or higher than an upper edge of the “L” profile, and the detector segments exhibit, compared to the side edge of the “L” profile and a side edges of the carriers of chips, an overlap for insertion into the tiers of the detector segments arranged in the adjacent row.

US Pat. No. 10,168,436

WATER SOLUBLE LOW ALPHA PARTICLE EMISSION ELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE COATING

International Business Ma...

1. A method for forming an alpha particle detector comprising an electrically-conductive coating on a substrate, the method comprising the steps of:forming an aqueous solution of a water soluble polymer;
adding electrically conductive filler particles consisting of graphite powder to the aqueous solution above a percolation threshold to form a mixture, wherein the graphite powder has a particle size of from 2 micrometers to about 40 micrometers, and ranges therebetween; and
depositing the mixture onto the substrate to form a low alpha particle emitting, electrically-conductive coating on the substrate, wherein the low alpha particle emitting, electrically-conductive coating blocks alpha particles from being emitted from the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,435

DEAD-TIME CORRECTION SYSTEM AND METHOD

THERMO EBERLINE LLC, Oak...

1. A dead-time correction system for a pulse rate measurement device, the system comprising:a. a pulse counter that increments in response to pulses, the pulse counter having a selectable pulse counter read-out rate;
b. a pulse counter read-out (PCRO) storage register that stores an immediately preceding PCRO count;
c. a pulse-burst counter that also increments in response to pulses, the pulse-burst counter having a pulse-burst counter read-out rate that is faster than all but the fastest selectable pulse counter read-out rate;
d. a subtractor module in electronic communication with the pulse counter and the PCRO storage register that subtracts the preceding PCRO count from the pulse counter read-out count to output an uncorrected pulse count;
e. a selection module in electronic communication with the pulse-burst counter that selects the pulse counter read-out rate in response to input from the pulse-burst counter;
f. a multiplexer (MUX) in electronic communication with the subtractor module and the selection module, the MUX selecting from among at least two dead-time correction transforms (DTCT), the DTCT corresponding to the selected pulse counter read-out rate; and
g. a control-and-readout module in electronic communication with the MUX that applies the DTCT selected by the MUX to the uncorrected pulse count divided by the pulse counter read-out rate to output a dead-time corrected pulse rate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,434

REFERENCE SIGNAL GENERATION DEVICE, ELECTRONIC DEVICE, MOVING OBJECT, DATA COMMUNICATION DEVICE, AND TERRESTRIAL DIGITAL COMMUNICATION NETWORK

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A reference signal generation device comprising:a receiver that is configured to receive a reference signal;
a first oscillator that includes an atomic oscillator, the first oscillator including a sweeping-result output circuit that is configured to output a sweeping result signal, the sweeping result signal corresponding to a resonance signal obtained by performing frequency sweeping in the first oscillator;
a first phase comparator that is configured to compare a signal output from the first oscillator and the reference signal in phase so as to output a first phase comparison signal;
a second oscillator that is configured to generate a signal to be output outwardly;
a second phase comparator that is configured to compare the signal output from the first oscillator and the signal output from the second oscillator in phase so as to output a second phase comparison signal; and
a determination circuit that is configured to receive the sweeping result signal, the first phase comparison signal, and the second phase comparison signal,
wherein
the determination circuit is configured to determine a failure state of the atomic oscillator based on the sweeping result signal and at least one of the first phase comparison signal and the second phase comparison signal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,433

POWER CONSERVATION VIA GNSS-WIRELESS ACTIVITY SYNCHRONIZATION

Intel IP Corporation, Sa...

11. A method for synchronizing global navigation satellite system (GNSS) and cellular activity in a device, comprising:receiving a synchronization notification at GNSS circuitry in a device from communication circuitry also in the device; and
initiating measurement of GNSS signals based on the notification.

US Pat. No. 10,168,430

WIRELESS DEVICES AND SYSTEMS FOR TRACKING PATIENTS AND METHODS FOR USING THE LIKE

10. A system for tracking patients comprising:a wearable tracking device configured to be worn by a patient wirelessly connected to a central processing unit, the device including:
a processor;
a power source electronically connected to the processor;
at least one antenna communicatively connected to the processor;
a BLE chip communicatively connected to the processor; and
a GPS receiver communicatively connected to the processor;
at least one beacon configured to transmit BLE signals to and receive BLE signals from the wearable tracking device within a predetermined range of the at least one beacon and configured to wirelessly transmit data received from the wearable tracking device to the central processing unit; and
at least one computing device wirelessly configured to be connected to the central processing unit capable of displaying data received by the central processing unit the at least one computing device having a user interface.

US Pat. No. 10,168,429

COMPACT LIDAR SYSTEM

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A LIDAR system comprising:a laser light source configured to transmit a first range of frequencies characterized by a first linewidth along a first optical path;
a whispering gallery mode resonator that is optically coupled to the laser light source to receive light emitted by the laser light source, wherein the whispering gallery mode resonator is configured to provide a whispering gallery mode corresponding to a second range of frequencies, wherein the second range of frequencies is narrower than the first range of frequencies, such that a propagating wave at the second range of frequencies is circulated within the whispering gallery mode resonator, wherein at least a portion of the propagating wave is optically coupled out of the whispering gallery mode resonator and provides injection locking of the laser light source to provide a locked laser light source;
a transducer coupled to the whispering gallery mode optical resonator and configured to alter an optical property of the whispering gallery mode optical resonator;
a controller that is operationally coupled to the transducer;
a transmission assembly configured to direct a transmitted optical chirp out from the LIDAR system; and
a receiver assembly configured to receive a reflected optical chirp; and
a processor configured to determine position of an external object relative to the LIDAR system on the basis of a characterization of the reflected chirp.

US Pat. No. 10,168,428

ULTRASOUND TRANSDUCER ARRAYS WITH VARIABLE PATCH GEOMETRIES

Koninklijke Philips N.V.,...

1. A system for controlling an aperture of an array transducer, the system comprising:an ultrasound probe comprising a microbeamformer that is configured to perform at least partial beamforming of received echo signals; and
a processor configured to perform the following steps:
form the aperture of the array into a plurality of patches of different sizes, each patch of the plurality of patches comprising a group of transducer elements coupled to the microbeamformer;
receive echo data from a shallow depth of field with an active aperture comprising one or more patches of the plurality of patches, wherein each of the one or more patches have a first size; and
receive echo data from a deeper depth of field by growing the active aperture to add patches each having a second size larger than the first size;
wherein the processor is further configured to form patches of a uniform size in a first dimension and a different size in a second dimension, such that a smallest patch is positioned in a center of the aperture in either the first dimension or the second dimension with patches of progressively increasing size positioned on either side of the smallest patch in either the first dimension or the second dimension.

US Pat. No. 10,168,427

DATA READOUT VIA REFLECTED ULTRASOUND SIGNALS

International Business Ma...

1. A system, comprising:a data reader having a processor for performing a signal frequency analysis, an ultrasound transmitter for transmitting ultrasound signals, and an ultrasound receiver for receiving reflected ultrasound signals;
a movable reflector for receiving the ultrasound signals and reflecting the ultrasounds signals back to the ultrasound receiver (a) as the reflected ultrasound signals without modulation when the movable reflector is stationary and (b) as the reflected ultrasound signals with modulation when the movable reflector is mobile; and
a chip for storing a specification of motion states for the movable reflector.

US Pat. No. 10,168,426

MOBILE RADAR AND VISUAL TRACKING COORDINATE TRANSFORMATION

APPLIED CONCEPTS, INC., ...

1. A system for generating evidentiary data comprising:a mobile radar system operating on a processor and configured to generate frame data for a plurality of vehicles, the frame data having vertical tilt angle components identifying the vertical tilt angle of the mobile radar system and a plane of a roadway for the plurality of vehicles;
a mobile video system operating on a processor and configured to generate video data of the plurality of vehicles;
an accelerometer system configured to generate accelerometer data in response to movement of the mobile radar system; and
a dynamic plane rotation system operating on a processor and coupled to the mobile radar system and configured to map the vertically tilted radar frame data onto a flat plane parallel to the roadway to generate mapped data and to modify the mapped data as a function of the accelerometer data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,425

CENTRALIZED VEHICLE RADAR METHODS AND SYSTEMS

GM Global Technology Oper...

10. A mobile platform comprising:a body comprising a front portion of the mobile platform and a rear portion of the mobile platform;
a plurality of distributed radar units configured around the body of the mobile platform, each of the plurality of distributed radar units configured to obtain respective radar signals, each of the plurality of distributed radar units disposed at a different respective location of the mobile platform, at least one of the plurality of distributed radar units disposed on the front portion of the mobile platform and at least one of the plurality of distributed radar units disposed on the rear portion of the mobile platform; and
a centralized radar processing unit disposed inside the body, the centralized radar processing unit coupled to each of the plurality of distributed radar units, and configured to directly process the radar signals from each of the plurality of distributed radar units;
wherein:
the mobile platform comprises an automotive vehicle that includes a hood and a trunk;
at least one of the plurality of distributed radar units is disposed on the hood;
at least another of the plurality of distributed radar units is disposed on the trunk;
a first one of the plurality of distributed radar units is disposed on a passenger side of the hood;
a second one of the plurality of distributed radar units is disposed on a driver side of the hood;
a third one of the plurality of distributed radar units is disposed on a passenger side of the trunk; and
a fourth one of the plurality of distributed radar units is disposed on a driver side of the trunk.

US Pat. No. 10,168,424

MANAGEMENT OF MOBILE OBJECTS

International Business Ma...

1. An apparatus comprising:a first acquiring section operable to acquire measurement data obtained by a first mobile object measuring the first mobile object, using a sensor of the first mobile object;
a second acquiring section operable to acquire detection data obtained by a second mobile object detecting the first mobile object in response to a request from outside, using a sensor of the second mobile object;
a first transmitting section of the first mobile object operable to transmit the measurement data and the request to the second mobile object;
the first mobile object includes a first data transmitting section operable to transmit the verification result to a mobile object server;
the second mobile object includes the first acquiring section, the second acquiring section, and a verifying section, the verifying section is operable to, in response to the first acquiring section acquiring the measurement data and the request, verify the validity of the measurement data using the detection data acquired by the second acquiring section, and the second mobile object further includes a verification result transmitting section operable to transmit a verification result of the verifying section to the first mobile object, wherein the verification result transmitting section may be operable to include a signature of the second mobile object in the verification result of the verifying section and transmit the verification result including the signature to the first mobile object, the second mobile object includes a second data transmitting section operable to transmit the detection data acquired by the second acquiring section to the mobile object server; and
the mobile object server operable to assist with movement of a plurality of mobile objects including the first mobile object and the second mobile object, the mobile object server includes a reliability judging section operable to judge the reliability of the first mobile object based on one or more of the verification results obtained by verifying the measurement data of the first mobile object, wherein the mobile object server includes a mobile object determining section operable to determine a mobile object for which the reliability is to be judged, and the first mobile object is operable to transmit the measurement data and the request to the second mobile object, in response to instructions from the mobile object determining section; and
the verifying section operable to verify validity of the measurement data using the detection data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,422

OPTICAL DISPLACEMENT SENSOR AND SYSTEM INCLUDING THE SAME

OMRON Corporation, Kyoto...

1. An optical displacement sensor comprising:a light source configured to project light onto a measurement object;
an image sensor configured to receive light reflected from the measurement object;
an analog to digital converter configured to generate light receiving data based on the light reflected from the measurement object;
a processor configured to calculate a displacement amount of the measurement object on the basis of the light receiving data;
an input connector configured to receive a timing synchronization signal; and
an output connector configured to output the displacement amount calculated by the processor,
wherein the processor is configured to control, in response to the timing synchronization signal received through the input connector, an exposure duration determined by an overlap between a duration during which the light source projects light onto the measurement object and a duration during which the image sensor receives the reflected light,
wherein the processor is further configured to make a start timing of the exposure duration coincide with a start timing of a measurement period of the displacement amount, to make an end timing of the exposure duration coincide with an end timing of the measurement period of the displacement amount, or to make a center timing of the exposure duration coincide with a center timing of the measurement period of the displacement amount.

US Pat. No. 10,168,420

NONLINEAR INTERFEROMETRIC IMAGING SENSOR

1. A Doppler radar based interferometric imaging method for generating multiple images of high velocity fragments from an explosive or collision event, said method comprising:directing a continuous wave Doppler radar transmission signal comprising time synchronization signals from a transmission antenna into a test arena;
using an array of at least 3 receiving antennas, receive continuous wave Doppler radar signal returns from said test arena;
providing a digital down converted quadrature receiver for each receiving antenna, each quadrature receiver synchronized by said time synchronization signals,
when said explosive or collision event occurs, using each antenna of said array to synchronously sample said continuous wave Doppler signal returns from high speed debris fragments within the test arena at a rate sufficient to record the velocities of said high speed debris fragments,
using a high speed data recorder, recording data streams from each said quadrature receiver,
using phase dependent signal compression and interferometric imaging to resolve ranges and angles of said high speed debris fragments, and
imaging the trajectories of said high speed debris fragments in the test arena.

US Pat. No. 10,168,419

POLARIMETRIC RADAR FOR OBJECT CLASSIFICATION AND SUITABLE METHOD AND SUITABLE USE THEREFOR

ASTYX GmbH, Ottobrunn (D...

1. A polarimetric radar, comprising:a transmission assembly comprising transmission antennas that emits circularly polarized waves during operation of the polarimetric radar; and
a receiver assembly that receives reflected components of the circularly polarized wave using an antenna assembly during operation of the polarimetric radar,
wherein the receiver assembly comprises a plurality of two-channel receivers which, during operation, simultaneously receive clockwise- and anticlockwise-rotating circularly polarized signal components with a common phase center which are provided for digital beam shaping downstream of the antenna assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,168,418

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR AVOIDING SENSOR INTERFERENCE USING VEHICULAR COMMUNICATION

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A computer-implemented method for controlling sensor data acquisition using a vehicular communication network, comprising:establishing an operable connection for computer communication between a first vehicle and one or more remote vehicles within a communication range of the first vehicle using the vehicular communication network, wherein the first vehicle and the one or more remote vehicles operate based upon a common time base according to a global time signal;
receiving, from each of the one or more remote vehicles, capability data corresponding to the capabilities of sensors of each of the one or more remote vehicles, wherein the capability data includes a sensor actuation time slot of each of the one or more remote vehicles indicting a time slot at which the sensors of each of the one or more remote vehicles are actuating;
selecting a set of N remote vehicles from the one or more remote vehicles based on the capability data, wherein the set of N remote vehicles consists of those remote vehicles of the one or more remote vehicles within the communication range of the first vehicle that are closest to the first vehicle, and wherein the sensor actuation time slot of each of the remote vehicles in the set of N remote vehicles are different;
dividing a clock cycle into a plurality of time slots based on the set of N remote vehicles; and
controlling, according to the plurality of time slots and the sensor actuation time slot, sensor actuation of a sensor of the first vehicle and the sensors of each of the remote vehicles in the set of N remote vehicles.

US Pat. No. 10,168,417

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TRACKING LOCATION IN INDUSTRIAL FACILITIES

GENERAL ELECTRIC COMPANY,...

1. A system, comprising:a control system, comprising:
a processor configured to:
receive a first signal from a light source within an industrial facility, wherein the first signal comprises a unique identification code configured to indicate at least a partial identity of a human resource within the industrial facility;
determine a proximity of the human resource with respect to the light source based at least in part on a received signal strength indicator (RSSI) of the first signal;
generate an indication of a location of the human resource within the industrial facility based on the determined proximity of the human resource to the light source;
an electronic hardhat configured to be worn by the human resource, and wherein the electronic hardhat is configured to transmit a second signal to the light source; and
wherein the processor is configured to generate a signal to trip or shut down one or more industrial machines within the industrial facility based on the determined proximity of the human resource to the light source.

US Pat. No. 10,168,415

POSITION DETERMINING DEVICE AND METHOD, AND KEYLESS ENTRY SYSTEM

ALPS ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

1. A position determining device configured to determine a position of a portable device configured to receive one or more radio signals transmitted from one or more antennas inside a vehicle, respectively, the position determining device comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory, and configured to
determine an open or closed state of a door of the vehicle for getting in and out of the vehicle by receiving a signal from a door sensor configured to detect the open or closed state of the door;
calculate an evaluation value related to the position of the portable device based on a received signal strength of the one or more radio signals at the portable device; and
determine that the portable device is positioned inside the vehicle when the evaluation value satisfies a predetermined condition,
wherein the processor is configured to change at least one of the predetermined condition and a method of calculating the evaluation value in accordance with the determined open or closed state of the door.

US Pat. No. 10,168,413

SERVICE ENHANCEMENTS USING NEAR FIELD COMMUNICATION

T-Mobile USA, Inc., Bell...

1. A computer-implemented method, comprising:establishing a data transfer link with a near field communication (NFC) mobile device using a mobile telecommunication network;
prompting the NFC mobile device to obtain location information from a first NFC terminal device that is communicating with the NFC mobile device;
receiving the location information from the NFC mobile device via the data transfer link;
obtaining additional location information indicative of a location of the NFC mobile device using one or more additional positioning components of the NFC mobile device; and
determining the location of the NFC mobile device based at least on the location information received from the NFC mobile device, wherein the location information is used to obtain a terminal location of the first NFC terminal device from a database and the terminal location is utilized in determining the location of the NFC mobile device, wherein the determining includes:
searching the database at a first speed using the location information;
eliminating one or more location data entries from the database that correlates NFC device identifiers to locations based at least on the additional location information as obtained by the one or more additional positioning components, wherein the eliminating results in a list of remaining location data entries;
determining that a NFC device identifier matches the first NFC terminal device and a second NFC terminal device;
searching the database at a second speed using the additional location information, the second speed being greater than the first speed;
correlating the NFC device identifier included in the location information with a remaining location data entry from the list of remaining location data entries in the database to obtain a terminal location of the first NFC terminal device;
designating the terminal location as the location of the NFC mobile device;
transmitting the location of the NFC mobile device to a client, the location including an indication that a purchase transaction is legitimate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,412

DUAL AXIS TRACKING DEVICE

WTS LLC, St. Paul, MN (U...

1. A tracking device for tracking the location of a moving object, comprising:a spine portion supported by an upright support, for carrying a payload, and supported at a pivot connection, the spine portion defining a first axis of rotation extending along the spine and a second axis of rotation extending through the pivot connection perpendicular to the first axis of rotation;
a first linear actuation assembly causing the payload to rotate about the first axis of rotation;
a second linear actuation assembly causing the payload to rotate about the second axis of rotation; and
a control module configured to determine a position of a moving object in the sky based on a position of the tracking device on the surface of a planet, the control module further configured to operate the first and second linear actuation assemblies to direct the payload relative to the moving object, by calculating an azimuth and altitude of the moving object and calculating a corresponding rotation about the first axis and the second axis, wherein calculating the rotation about the first axis is performed to accommodate the motion about the second axis.

US Pat. No. 10,168,411

MEASURING DEVICE AND A METHOD FOR MEASURING A HIGH-FREQUENCY SIGNAL WITH DEEMBEDDING

1. A measurement apparatus for measuring a high-frequency signal, wherein the measurement comprises a time-domain measurement in real-time, the measurement apparatus comprising:an analog input configured to interface with a device under test (DUT) and to receive the high-frequency signal from the DUT;
an analog-to-digital converter (ADC) configured to digitize the high-frequency signal;
a signal processor; and
a signal deembedding circuit, disposed in a signal path between the ADC and the signal processor; and
wherein the signal deembedding circuit is configured to receive predetermined S-parameters associated with the DUT to in order to configure the signal deembedding circuit for the DUT based on the predetermined S-parameters,
wherein the signal deembedding circuit is configured to generate a compensated signal by compensating for signal effects in the high-frequency signal resulting from the interface between the analog input and the DUT, wherein the signal effects include echoes due to error matchings of the interface, wherein the signal deembedding circuit comprises at least one echo-compensation filter configured to compensate for the echoes, wherein the signal deembedding circuit facilitates a correction calculation on the digital plane in order to correct measurement errors which are superposed on the high-frequency signal to be measured, and
wherein the signal processor is configured to receive and further process the compensated signal for the time-domain measurement.

US Pat. No. 10,168,410

MRI DATA ACQUISITION, RECONSTRUCTION AND CORRECTION METHODS FOR DIFFUSION WEIGHTED IMAGINE (DWI) AND DIFFUSION TENSOR IMAGING (DTI) AND RELATED SYSTEMS

Duke University, Durham,...

1. A method configured for generating MRI images using an image processing system with a DWI and/or DTI artifact correction circuit, comprising:electronically acquiring diffusion-weighted MRI patient image data using calibration-scan defined gradient blips added to phase encoding gradients of a partial-Fourier echo-planar imaging (EPI) pulse sequence to acquire the diffusion-weighted MRI patient image data in order to reduce or correct for type 1 artifacts, wherein type 1 artifacts are artifacts due to signal loss associated with when an echo is shifted outside an acquired k-space;
electronically mathematically reconstructing a series of partial-Fourier diffusion-weighted EPI images using the acquired diffusion-weighted MRI patient image data with background phases estimated from different portions of k-space then combining the reconstructed partial-Fourier diffusion-weighted EPI images on a voxel by voxel basis in order to generate a composite image where the voxel by voxel basis results in a voxel-wise signal extracted from each of the series of reconstructed partial-Fourier diffusion weighted EPI images with a background-phase-estimating k-space portion from each of the reconstructed series of partial-Fourier diffusion-weighted EPI images matching a corresponding local echo-shifting effect in order to remove type 2 artifacts, wherein type 2 artifacts are artifacts due to partial Fourier reconstruction errors when an echo is shifted outside a central k-space band from which the background phase is computed;
providing patient-independent and diffusion direction-dependent B0EDDY maps of changes of B0 values due to diffusion gradient induced eddy current of a MR scanner used to acquire the diffusion-weighted MRI patient image data, wherein the B0EDDY maps are acquired using a phantom and can be provided as a stored resource of the MR scanner, and wherein B0EDDY refers to changes of B0 values due to diffusion gradient induces eddy current;
generating in vivo patient-dependent and diffusion-independent B0SUSC maps of changes of B0 value due to patient-dependent tissue susceptibility effect with the patient in the MR scanner, wherein B0SUSC refers to changes of the B0 values due to patient-dependent tissue susceptibility effect;
electronically mathematically removing geometric distortions in the acquired diffusion-weighted MRI patient image data in post-processing using the B0EDDY maps and B0SUSC maps; and
electronically generating MRI images using the composite image of the combined reconstructed partial-Fourier EPI images and the removed geometric distortions thereby generating MRI images corrected for type 1 and type 2 artifacts.

US Pat. No. 10,168,409

UNIVERSAL PHANTOM STRUCTURE FOR QUALITY INSPECTIONS BOTH ON COMPUTERIZED TOMOGRAPHY AND ON MAGNETIC RESONANCE TOMOGRAPHY

1. A phantom structure configured to acquire test images and to perform quality inspection on CT or MRT equipment, said phantom structure comprising:a parallelepiped-shaped container divided into sections by internal walls, said sections including:
a first parallelepiped-shaped section divided into two first compartments by a first partition, said two first compartments each having a mutually different volume;
a second parallelepiped-shaped section diagonally divided into at least two second compartments by at least one second partition so that said at least two second compartments are triangular prisms; and
a third parallelepiped-shaped section divided into four third compartments by two mutually transversal third partitions.

US Pat. No. 10,168,408

MPI APPARATUS WITH FAST FIELD OF VIEW MOTION

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. An apparatus for influencing and/or detecting magnetic particles in a field of view comprising:selection elements, the selection elements comprising a selection field signal generator unit and selection field elements, wherein the selection field elements are arranged to generate a magnetic selection field, the magnetic selection field having a pattern in space of its magnetic field strength in the field of view,
wherein, in a first sub-zone of the space, the magnetization of the magnetic particles is not saturated,
wherein, in a second sub-zone of the space, the magnetization of the magnetic particles is saturated,
drive elements comprising a drive field signal generator unit and drive field coils,
wherein the drive field coils are arranged to change a position in space of the first and second sub-zones in the field of view using a magnetic drive field so that the magnetization of the magnetic material changes locally,
focus elements comprising a focus field signal generator unit and one or more focus field elements,
wherein the focus field elements are arranged to change a position in space of the field of view using a magnetic focus field,
receiving elements arranged to acquire detection signals,
wherein the detection signals depend on the magnetization in the field of view,
wherein the magnetization in the field of view is influenced by the change in the position in space of the first and second sub-zone,
storage elements for storing a static system function of the apparatus obtained in the absence of the magnetic focus field,
processing elements for generating an extended system function by shifting a time-domain representation of the static system function in proportion to the changes of the position of the field of view caused by appliance of the magnetic focus field,
wherein the processing elements reconstruct the spatial distribution of the magnetic particles in the field of view using the detection signals and the extended system function.

US Pat. No. 10,168,407

MEDICAL IMAGING APPARATUS HAVING MULTIPLE SUBSYSTEMS, AND OPERATING METHOD THEREFOR

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for operating a medical imaging examination apparatus comprising a plurality of apparatus subsystems, comprising:providing a control protocol to control computer that is assigned to a scan sequence in which said control computer will control the plurality of apparatus subsystems in coordination to conduct the scan sequence to acquire medical imaging data from an examination subject;
in said control computer, determining sequence control data for said control protocol that define different functional sub-sequences of said scan sequence to be performed respectively by said apparatus subsystems;
in said control computer, assigning respectively different effective volumes of the examination subject to the respective functional sub-sequences;
in said control computer, determining current ambient conditions of said medical imaging examination apparatus that affect said sequence control data and said effective volumes;
in said control computer, calculating and storing control signals for said scan sequence dependent on said determined sequence control data, the determined effective volumes, and the determined current ambient conditions, by executing an algorithm in said control computer that optimizes the functional sub-sequences locally in the examination subject at least with regard to a sub-region of the respective effective volumes; and
in said control computer, starting said scan sequence using the stored control signals and, during said scan sequence, providing said control computer with a designation of at least one change of a sub-region of a respective effective volume, and automatically adapting said control signals for a remainder of said scan sequence dependent on said change, to maintain the optimization of the functional sub-sequences locally at least with regard to the changed sub-region.

US Pat. No. 10,168,406

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR OPTIMIZING A MAGNETIC RESONANCE SEQUENCE

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for optimizing operating a magnetic resonance (MR) sequence for operating an MR apparatus, the said MR sequence comprising a plurality of pre-set gradient switching sequences with a plurality of pre-set slew rates, said MR apparatus comprising gradient coils, said method comprising:providing a computer with an MR sequence comprising a plurality of pre-set gradient switching sequences for said gradient coils, each having at least one pre-set slew rate;
in said computer, automatically evaluating the respective pre-set slew rates of said pre-set gradient switching sequences;
in said computer, defining at least one optimizing measure for said MR sequence from said evaluation of said pre-set slew rates;
in said computer, automatically optimizing the MR sequence according to said at least one optimizing measure defined by said evaluation of said pre-set slew rates, in order to generate an optimized MR sequence comprising a plurality of optimized gradient switching sequences each with at least one optimized slew rate, with said optimized slew rates being respectively optimized according to said defined optimizing measure, in comparison to said pre-set slew rates in the MR sequence provided to the computer, so that pre-set slew rates in a first subset of said pre-set slew rates in the MR sequence provided to the computer are reduced, and pre-set slew rates in a second subset of said plurality of pre-set slew rates in the MR sequence provided to the computer are increased; and
generating control signals in said computer corresponding to the optimized MR sequence, and operating said MR apparatus with said control signals in order to acquire MR data from a subject, with said gradient coils operated, at respectively different times in said optimized MR sequence, with said reduced slew rate and with said increased slew rate, and reconstructing image data from the MR data, and displaying said image data as an MR image of the subject at a display screen in communication with said computer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,405

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR QUANTIFYING PROPERTIES OF AN OBJECT THROUGH MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING (MRI)

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A method of processing a magnetic resonance (MR) image of an object including a first material and a second material on a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) apparatus by using multi-parameter mapping, the method comprising:applying to the object a plurality of radio frequency (RF) pulses, each of the plurality of RF pulses being separated from an adjacent RF pulse by either of a first repetition time and a second repetition time;
undersampling first MR signals corresponding to the first material and second MR signals corresponding to the second material in a K-space; and
performing matching between the undersampled first and the undersampled second MR signals and a signal model for the multi-parameter mapping to determine attribute values corresponding to the first and the second materials at at least one point in an MR image of the object,
wherein the plurality of RF pulses have a first interval during which the first repetition time is repeated a first plurality of times and a second interval during which the second repetition time is repeated a second plurality of times.

US Pat. No. 10,168,404

METHOD AND MAGNETIC RESONANCE APPARATUS FOR ESTABLISHING A RESONANT FREQUENCY

Siemens Aktiengesellschaf...

1. A method for automated establishment of at least one resonant frequency in a magnetic resonance (MR) scanner, comprising:from a control computer, operating an MR scanner to acquire at least one MR signal from protons in a subject situated in the MR scanner;
in said control computer, Fourier transforming said MR signal to obtain a spectrum;
in said control computer, identifying resonant peaks in said spectrum;
in said control computer, counting a number of said resonant peaks in said spectrum in order to identify a numerical value of said number of resonant peaks in said spectrum;
in said control computer, determining at least one resonant frequency dependent on said numerical value of said number of resonant peaks;
from said control computer, generating and emitting an electronic signal said MR scanner to operate at said at least one resonant frequency in order to excite nuclear spins in said protons in said subject at said at least one resonant frequency and thereby obtaining further MR signals resulting from the nuclear spins having been excited at said at least one resonant frequency; and
in said control computer, reconstructing image data from said further MR signals, said image data representing selected protons that corresponds to the selected nuclear spins, and displaying said image data at a display as an MR image of the subject.

US Pat. No. 10,168,401

RADIO-FREQUENCY COIL ASSEMBLY FOR MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING

SHANGHAI UNITED IMAGING H...

1. A radio frequency (RF) coil assembly, comprising: one or more coil elements arranged on a shell, a cable connector electrically connected to the coil elements, and a rotational device, the cable connector including a cable and a connector, the cable having a number of inner wires enclosed with an outer insulative jacket, and the cable having a first end connected to the connector and a second end connected to the shell via the rotational device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,400

MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING APPARATUS INCLUDING RF SHIELD INCLUDING SLITS

Toshiba Medical Systems C...

1. A magnetic resonance imaging apparatus comprising:a birdcage-type RF coil formed in a substantially cylindrical shape; and
an RF shield formed in a substantially cylindrical shape and disposed on an outer circumferential side of the RF coil, wherein
the RF shield includes a plurality of slits, the slits extending to an area between two rings of the RF coil along an axial direction, all the slits being provided so as not to overlap the slits with a rung of the RF coil in a radial view.

US Pat. No. 10,168,399

MR FIELD PROBES WITH ADDITIONAL WINDINGS FOR IMPROVING THE HOMOGENEITY AND LOCALIZING THE MEASURING VOLUME

26. A magnetic resonance tomography system comprising:at least one field probe comprising:
a body; and
a coil surrounding at least a portion of the body, the coil having a center winding section and two outer winding sections, each outer winding section being adjacent to the center winding section,
wherein the center winding section is isolated from the two outer winding sections.

US Pat. No. 10,168,395

MAGNETIC SENSOR

TDK CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A magnetic sensor comprising:a chip having a placement surface;
a first magnetoresistance effect element located on the placement surface;
a second magnetoresistance effect element located on the placement surface, the second magnetoresistance effect element being separate on the placement surface from the first magnetoresistance effect element; and
a magnetic body that is provided on the placement surface, the magnetic body being located between the first and second magnetoresistance effect elements when viewed in a direction perpendicular to the placement surface,
wherein the magnetic body changes a direction of a magnetic field input to the first and second magnetoresistance effect elements,
resistance values of the first and second magnetoresistance effect elements change according to the direction of the input magnetic field,
the magnetic body has a recess with a concave shape on a side of the magnetic body that faces the placement surface, and
the recess faces a portion of the placement surface that is between the first and second magnetoresistance effect elements, and does not face any of the first and second magnetoresistance effect elements.

US Pat. No. 10,168,394

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING MAGNETISM MEASUREMENT DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING GAS CELL, MAGNETISM MEASUREMENT DEVICE, AND GAS CELL

SEIKO EPSON CORPORATION, ...

1. A method for manufacturing an atomic oscillator, the method comprising:arranging, in a void in a cell section made of a first glass, an ampoule made of a second glass different from the first glass and having a hollow part filled with a material, and then sealing the cell section; and
casting pulse light on the ampoule through the cell section and thus forming a penetration hole in the ampoule,
wherein the pulse light has an energy of 20 ?J/pulse to less than 200 ?J/pulse, and
the first glass has a lower absorption coefficient for the pulse light than an absorption coefficient of the second glass for the pulse light.

US Pat. No. 10,168,391

MULTI-FUNCTIONAL INTERCONNECT MODULE AND CARRIER WITH MULTI-FUNCTIONAL INTERCONNECT MODULE ATTACHED THERETO

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. An interconnect module, comprising:a metal clip comprising a first end section, a second end section and a middle section extending between the first and the second end sections, the first end section being configured for external attachment to a bare semiconductor die or packaged semiconductor die attached to a carrier or to a metal region of the carrier, the second end section being configured for external attachment to a different metal region of the carrier or to a different semiconductor die or packaged semiconductor die attached to the carrier; and
a magnetic field sensor secured to the metal clip, the magnetic field sensor operable to sense a magnetic field produced by current flowing through the metal clip,
wherein the metal clip is electrically connected to the bare semiconductor die or the packaged semiconductor die so that the metal clip and the bare semiconductor die or the packaged semiconductor die form part of a current pathway.

US Pat. No. 10,168,390

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR MANAGING BATTERY ON THE BASIS OF TIME REQUIRED FOR CHARGING

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A state of health (SOH) estimating system comprising:a processor including a data measurer and a parameter estimator;
the data measurer determining a measured value of a time required for charging a battery at each of preset voltage intervals within a preset voltage range in which the battery is charged with a constant current; and
the parameter estimator determining an estimated value of a time required for charging the battery at each of the preset voltage intervals by a preset metamodel when a battery voltage is higher than the preset voltage range, and estimating a battery SOH in which an error between the measured value and the estimated value based on a weighted least square (WLS) is the lowest, and providing the estimated battery SOH to a user.

US Pat. No. 10,168,389

ALL-SOLID SECONDARY BATTERY, METHOD OF CONTROLLING ALL-SOLID SECONDARY BATTERY AND METHOD OF EVALUATING ALL-SOLID SECONDARY BATTERY

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A lithium ion secondary battery comprising:a cathode layer;
an anode layer comprising a solid electrolyte, an anode active material and a coating comprising a metal element, wherein the coating is disposed on the anode active material, and wherein the metal element is at least one of aluminum, titanium, zirconium, niobium, germanium, gallium, silver, indium, tin, antimony, and bismuth; and
a solid electrolyte layer disposed between the cathode layer and the anode layer,
wherein the coating has an electrochemical reaction potential with lithium that is greater than an electrochemical reaction potential of the anode active material with lithium.

US Pat. No. 10,168,388

GFCI SELF TEST SOFTWARE FOR AUTONOMOUS MONITORING AND FAIL SAFE POWER DENIAL

Hubbell Incorporated, Sh...

14. A method for auto-monitoring a ground fault circuit interrupter device comprising the steps of:determining an end-of-life state if the test signal from the fault detection circuit is less than a minimum threshold value for a first predetermined number of testing times within a first predetermined time period;
determining the end-of-life state if the test signal from the fault detection circuit is greater than a maximum threshold value for a second predetermined number of testing times within a second predetermined time period; and
generating an alarm signal when the end-of-life state is determined.

US Pat. No. 10,168,387

INTEGRATED DEFECT DETECTION AND LOCATION SYSTEMS AND METHODS IN SEMICONDUCTOR CHIP DEVICES

Infineon Technologies Aus...

1. A semiconductor chip defect detection and localization system comprising:a plurality of registers spaced apart from one another and coupled with one another by a signal line, wherein the signal line is arranged in a plurality of layers of a semiconductor chip; and
logic circuitry coupled to the plurality of registers and configured to determine a presence, a location, and a layer of a physical defect in at least one of the plurality of layers in which the signal line is arranged based on whether a signal propagates along the signal line and through one or more of the plurality of registers, wherein the logic circuitry is configured to determine the location and the layer of the physical defect in at least one of the plurality of layers based on a failure of a signal to propagate from a first one of the plurality of registers along the signal line to a second adjacent one of the plurality of registers, wherein the location of the physical defect is proximate the first one or the second adjacent one of the plurality of registers.

US Pat. No. 10,168,386

SCAN CHAIN LATENCY REDUCTION

International Business Ma...

1. A method, executed by one or more processors, the method comprising:receiving a scan chain design comprising a plurality of parallel scan chains, each parallel scan chain comprising one or more serially connected single-bit registers, each parallel scan chain having a scan chain length; wherein the plurality of parallel scan chains are interspersed with a plurality of stumpmuxes that segment the plurality of parallel scan chains into scan chain segments;
conducting a determining operation comprising determining a parallel scan chain having a longest scan chain length;
conducting a swapping operation comprising swapping scan chain segments attached to a selected stumpmux to reduce the longest scan chain length and produce an updated scan chain design; and
saving the scan chain design.

US Pat. No. 10,168,385

EYE PATTERN MEASUREMENT APPARATUS, AND CLOCK AND DATA RECOVERY SYSTEM AND METHOD OF THE SAME

MSTAR SEMICONDUCTOR, INC....

1. An eye pattern measurement apparatus, comprising:an eye pattern monitoring device, performing first sampling on a data signal by sequentially using a plurality of scan clock signals having different phases to obtain a plurality of scan data signals, wherein a period of the plurality of scan clock signals is equal to a period of a first clock signal synchronous with the data signal; and
a data aligning device, connected to the eye pattern monitoring device, receiving the plurality of scan data signals outputted by the eye pattern monitoring device, performing phase-shift on the first clock signal to generate a synchronization clock signal having a phase relationship, with the plurality of scan data signals, that satisfies a setup/hold time requirement, synchronizing the plurality of scan data signals with the synchronization clock signal, and outputting a plurality of synchronized scan data signals;
wherein, a phase of the synchronization clock signal further satisfies a condition that, a phase relationship between the plurality of scan data signals synchronized by the synchronization and the first clock signal further satisfies a setup/hold time requirement.

US Pat. No. 10,168,384

MODULAR TESTING SYSTEM WITH VERSATILE ROBOT

XILINX, INC., San Jose, ...

1. A modular chip package assembly testing system comprising:a first queuing station configured to receive a first carrier containing a plurality of chip package assemblies for testing within the modular chip package assembly testing system;
a second queuing station configured to receive a second carrier containing a plurality of chip package assemblies for testing within the modular chip package assembly testing system;
a plurality of test stations including at least a first test station and a second test station, each test station comprising:
an interface configured to receive and communicatively connect with at least one chip package assembly; and
a test processor configured to test the chip package assembly connected through the interface utilizing a predetermined test routine associated with each test station;
a robot having a range of motion operable to transfer a chip package assembly between any of the first queuing station, the second queuing station and the plurality of test stations;
an automatic identification and data capture (AIDC) device operable to read an identification tag affixed to a carrier disposed in the first and second queuing stations or affixed to chip package assembly disposed in the testing system; and
a controller configured to control placement of chip package assemblies by the robot in response information obtained from reading the identification tag coupled to a carrier disposed in at least one of the first and second queuing stations, the predefined test routine of the test processor of the first test station, and the predefined test routine of the test processor of the second test station.

US Pat. No. 10,168,383

TESTING PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD ASSEMBLY

International Business Ma...

1. A method comprising:integrating a printed circuit board assembly (PCBA) and a computing device, wherein the PCBA contains a plurality of functional areas and a plurality of non-functional areas on a printed circuit board (PCB);
stressing a non-functional area of the plurality of non-functional areas of the PCBA that is susceptible to defects, wherein the non-functional area contains an embedded component susceptible to defect;
applying destructive testing to failure of the embedded component susceptible to defect wherein applying further comprises:
exposing the non-functional area to strain;
exposing the non-functional area to flux; and
responsive to applying the destructive testing, deriving information from the applied destructive testing.

US Pat. No. 10,168,381

METHOD FOR DETERMINING A DETERIORATION OF POWER SEMICONDUCTOR MODULES AS WELL AS A DEVICE AND CIRCUIT ARRANGEMENT

SIEMENS AKTIENGESELLSCHAF...

1. A method for characterizing a power semiconductor module with a power semiconductor component, the method comprising:developing a thermal model of the power semiconductor module at a reference time point;
establishing a reference temperature based at least in part on the thermal model of the power semiconductor module;
measuring a temperature-sensitive electrical parameter of the power semiconductor module at a later point in time during operation of the power semiconductor module;
determining a current temperature of the power semiconductor module from the measured temperature-sensitive electrical parameter of the power semiconductor module;
calculating a temperature difference between the current temperature and the reference temperature; and
determining a deterioration of the power semiconductor module based at least in part on the calculated temperature difference.

US Pat. No. 10,168,378

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD OF DETERMINING ABNORMALITY OF ELECTRONIC DEVICE CONNECTING UNIT

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device, comprising:an external device connecting unit comprising a first function connecting unit and a second function connecting unit, wherein the first function connecting unit includes a first identification (first ID) pin configured to detect a connection with an external electronic device, and wherein the second function connecting unit includes a second identification (second ID) pin configured to detect the connection with the external electronic device; and
a processor configured to determine that an abnormality or a normality occurs in the external device connecting unit when values measured from the first ID pin and the second ID pin satisfy a predetermined condition,
wherein the external device connecting unit is a connecting unit according to a micro Universal Serial Bus (USB) protocol.

US Pat. No. 10,168,355

RADIO FREQUENCY TEST SOCKET AND RADIO FREQUENCY TEST CABLE

ZTE CORPORATION, Shenzhe...

1. A device for mobile phone radio frequency test, comprising:a radio frequency test socket, wherein the radio frequency test socket comprises: a radio frequency test base; a connection apparatus fixed in the radio frequency test base; and a first elastic apparatus and a second elastic apparatus, wherein the first elastic apparatus and the second elastic apparatus are fixed in the radio frequency test base, and elastically connected to the connection apparatus respectively;
a radio frequency test cable, wherein the radio frequency test cable comprises: a radio frequency test plug fixed at an end of the radio frequency test cable; and an insulated push pin apparatus which is installed on a side of the radio frequency test plug and is longer than the radio frequency test plug; and
a test circuit, configured to test, through the radio frequency test cable and the radio frequency test socket, a first test apparatus and a second test apparatus respectively, wherein the first test apparatus and the second test apparatus are connected to the first elastic apparatus and the second elastic apparatus in the radio frequency test socket respectively,
wherein the test circuit comprises a first test sub-circuit configured to disconnect the radio frequency test cable from the second test apparatus by urging the insulated push pin apparatus against the second elastic apparatus, and utilize a connection between the radio frequency test plug and the connecting apparatus, so as to test the first test apparatus connected to the first elastic apparatus.

US Pat. No. 10,168,354

SCANNING PROBE MICROSCOPE

Shimadzu Corporation, Ky...

1. A scanning probe microscope comprising:a condensing optical system which includes a laser beam source, a collimator lens configured to convert laser beam from the laser beam source into parallel beam, and a focus lens configured to condense the laser beam converted into the parallel beam;
a cantilever provided with a reflecting surface which reflects the laser beam from the condensing optical system; and
a detector which detects the laser beam reflected by the cantilever,
the condensing optical system including a cylindrical lens barrel having the laser beam source fixed to one end thereof, and a cylindrical lens mount which is coaxially disposed inside the lens barrel and has the collimator lens fixed to an end portion on a side close to the laser beam source and the focus lens fixed to an end portion on an opposite side,
the lens mount being configured to be movable in an axis direction with respect to the lens barrel by a screw groove engraved on an outer circumferential surface of the lens mount and an inner circumferential surface of the lens barrel,
wherein a ring-shaped elastic member is attached between the outer circumferential surface of the lens mount and the inner circumferential surface of the lens barrel.

US Pat. No. 10,168,352

MULTI SENSOR POSITION AND ORIENTATION MEASUREMENT SYSTEM

1. A system for measuring a position or an orientation of an object, comprising:a first set of sensors, including a rotation sensor, providing output signals each representative of a measurement of a vector in the object's body frame; and
one or more filters which combine the output signals over multiple time points to provide a system output signal representative of a vector related to one or more of velocity, position, and orientation of the object relative to a predetermined reference frame, wherein the filters combine the sensors' output signals at each time point in the object's body frame.

US Pat. No. 10,168,350

PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR, PHYSICAL QUANTITY SENSOR DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND MOVING OBJECT

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A physical quantity sensor, comprising:a substrate that is rectangular-shaped and that has a recess and a ledge, the ledge surrounding the recess in a plan view; and
an element piece that is movably bonded to the substrate, the element piece being configured with:
a support member that is rectangular-ring-shaped and that is located directly adjacent to a periphery of the recess in the plan view, the support member being configured with first, second, third, and fourth side bars connected to each other, the first and second side bars being opposite to each other and extending in a first direction, the third and fourth side bars being opposite to each other and extending in a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, the third side bar being bonded to the ledge of the substrate so that the element piece is movably supported by the support member;
a first elastic member that is provided directly adjacent to the first side bar and that is elastically connected to part of the first side bar;
a second elastic member that is provided directly adjacent to the second side bar and that is elastically connected to part of the second side bar;
a movable electrode that is surrounded by the first and second elastic members, the third side bar, and the fourth side bar in the plan view, the movable electrode being movably connected to the support member via the first and second elastic members, the movable electrode having a plurality of movable electrode fingers that extend along the first direction; and
a fixed electrode that is surrounded by the movable electrode in the plan view, the fixed electrode being connected to the substrate at a first area of the recess, the fixed electrode having a plurality of fixed electrode fingers that extend along the first direction, side surfaces of the plurality of movable electrode fingers facing side surfaces of the plurality of fixed electrode fingers in the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,349

BOLOMETER FLUID FLOW SENSOR

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A sensor comprising:a substrate having a first surface;
a cap structure connected to the substrate, the cap structure configured to define a cavity between an inner surface of the cap structure and the first surface of the substrate, the cap structure including an infrared opaque material configured to block infrared radiation from entering the cavity from outside the cap structure;
a plurality of absorbers, each absorber in the plurality of absorbers being connected to respective electrodes that suspend the respective absorber above the first surface of the substrate at a respective position within the cavity, each absorber in the plurality of absorbers being configured to absorb infrared radiation at the respective position within the cavity; and
a plurality of readout circuits, each readout circuit in the plurality of readout circuits being connected to a respective absorber in the plurality of absorbers via the respective electrodes and configured to provide a measurement signal that indicates an amount of infrared radiation absorbed by the respective absorber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,348

METHOD FOR DETERMINING AN AVERAGE SEGMENT TIME OF AN ENCODER WHEEL OF AN INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

ROBERT BOSCH GMBH, Stutt...

1. A method for determining an average segment time of an encoder wheel of an internal combustion engine, the method comprising:operating the internal combustion engine in a coasting operation or in a freely falling operation or with a large rotational speed gradient;
while the internal combustion engine is operating in the coasting operation or in the freely falling operation or with the large rotational speed gradient, acquiring segment times using a sensor, via a control device, wherein the encoder wheel is connected in a rotationally fixed manner to a crankshaft of the internal combustion engine, markings being situated along a circumference of the encoder wheel, and the crankshaft of the internal combustion engine passing through specified angular ranges during segment times;
determining, via the control device, associated rotational speed values from the segment times;
determining, via the control device, a rotational speed curve over time from the individual ones of the determined rotational speed values;
determining, via the control device, a value of an average rotational speed from the rotational speed curve;
determining, via the control device, an average segment time from the value of the average rotational speed; and
controlling the internal combustion engine using the determined average segment time, the controlling including regulating uneven running of the internal combustion engine based on the determined average segment time.

US Pat. No. 10,168,346

METHOD FOR DETERMINING THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF DISPOSABLE PIPETTE TIPS IN PIPETTE TIP CARRIERS

TECAN TRADING AG, Manned...

1. A method for determining presence or absence of disposable pipette tips (1) in selected pipette tip carriers (2) on the work area (3) of a laboratory work station (4), wherein each of the selected pipette tip carriers (2) comprises a carrier plate (5) with an orthogonal arrangement of receiving holes (6), in which respectively one disposable pipette tip (1) can be inserted, wherein the laboratory work station (4) comprises a robot arm (7) with at least one pipette (8), which is configured for receiving and delivering liquid samples and for receiving and discarding disposable pipette tips (1), and wherein the laboratory work station (4) comprises a digital camera (9) which is disposed on a carrier device (10) and which is operatively connected to an evaluation unit (11), and with which the work area (3) of the laboratory work station (4) can be completely imaged at least in a first direction, wherein by using the evaluation unit (11):a) the pipette tip carriers (2) arranged on the work area (3) of the laboratory work station (4) are selected;
b) at least one digital image (12) with a plurality of pixels is taken of each of the selected pipette tip carriers (2) using the digital camera (9);
c) in relation to the at least one digital image (12) of each of the selected pipette tip carriers (2), a grid (14) consisting of grid elements (13) is defined on the respective pipette tip carrier (2), wherein the grid (14) is spanned by the four outermost receiving holes (6?) of an arrangement of receiving holes; characterized in that the grid (14) is an orthogonal grid with square grid elements (13) adapted perspectively to the at least one digital image (12), wherein:
d) in relation to the at least one digital image (12) of each of the selected pipette tip carriers (2), pixel areas (15) which can be assigned to the grid elements (13) are determined, whereby each of the grid elements (13) of the grid (14) is divided into four quadrants (18);
e) in each of the determined pixel areas (15) of the at least one digital image (12) a respective number of pixels whose brightness lies in a predetermined range is determined; and
f) determining whether the disposable pipette tip (1) is present or absent in one of the receiving holes (6) of the selected pipette tip carriers (2) when the number of pixels determined in step e) lies in the predetermined range relative to a predetermined threshold value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,305

CONTAINER SCREENING SYSTEM AND METHOD

BATTELLE MEMORIAL INSTITU...

1. An apparatus for detecting a presence of a container comprising a sample and determining a condition of the sample, comprising:a holder for supporting the container comprising the sample;
a radio frequency (RF)transmitter configured to transmit an RF signal at the holder;
an RF receiver configured to receive a reflected RF signal of the RF signal;
and memory comprising data representative of a baseline reflected RF signal;
and a processor coupled to the memory and configured to:
transform the reflected RF signal into a frequency domain as a transformed reflected waveform;
transform the baseline reflected RF signal into the frequency domain as a transformed baseline waveform;
determine a ratio of the transformed reflected waveform to the transformed baseline waveform;
compare the ratio relative to a predetermined threshold to determine whether the container is being supported by the holder;
and evaluate the reflected RF signal relative to the baseline reflected RF signal to determine the condition of the sample wherein the condition is one of a hazardous condition or a non-hazardous condition.

US Pat. No. 10,168,293

FLUIDS LEAKAGE SENSOR

InventionXT LLC, Dallas,...

1. A device comprising:a first conductive wire and a second conductive wire;
a first conductive coating layer formed around the first conductive wire;
a second conductive coating layer formed around the second conductive wire;
a first permeable shell formed around the first conductive coating layer to form a first sensor cord;
a second permeable shell formed around the second conductive coating layer to form a second sensor cord; and
wherein the first sensor cord and the second sensor cord are arranged together along their lengths to form a leakage sensor cable;
wherein the first and second permeable shells are a capillary-porous material capable of absorbing and diffusing a fluid when the fluid comes into contact with the first and second permeable shells;
wherein the first and second permeable shells have a plurality of nappy strands extending outwards from a surface of the permeable shell;
a plurality of taps made of the capillary porous material attached to the leakage sensor cable and extending away from the leakage sensor cable; and
electrolyte particles impregnated within the first permeable shell and the second permeable shell to enhance the conductivity of the fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,168,292

NANOSCALE CALORIMETER ON CHIP AND RELATED METHODS AND DEVICES

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF T...

1. An article comprising: an array of calorimeter devices, wherein the calorimeter devices each comprise:at least one fluidic enclosure disposed on a microfluidic chip, wherein the fluidic enclosure is substantially gas impermeable and consists essentially of substantially gas impermeable material;
at least one first chamber and at least one second chamber, wherein the first chamber and the second chamber are disposed within and enclosed by the fluidic enclosure, wherein the first chamber and the second chamber are not vacuum encapsulated, wherein each of the first chamber and the second chamber contain have at most a nanoliter scale volume of up to 100 nL, and wherein the first chamber and the second chamber have a chamber height of 50 microns or less;
at least two microfluidic channels connected to the first chamber and at least two microfluidic channels connected to the second chamber;
at least one thermal sensor disposed between the chip and the first and second chambers, wherein the thermal sensor is adapted to measure a temperature differential between the first and second chambers,
wherein the at least one thermal sensor comprises a plurality of thermocouples connected in series, and wherein the thermal sensor provides about 1?K to about 100 ?K temperature resolution;
at least one heater in thermal communication with at least one of the first chamber or the second chamber; and
at least one photodiode connected to the first chamber and at least one photodiode connected to the second chamber, and wherein the photodiode is located off-chip with respect to the microfluidic chip.

US Pat. No. 10,168,291

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR THE THERMOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF A SAMPLE

1. A method for the thermomechanical analysis of a sample (P) of a material comprisinga) arranging the sample (P) in a thermomechanical analysis device and controlling the temperature of the sample (P) by means of the analysis device according to a modulated temperature program,
b) recording data obtained by means of the analysis device which is representative of a length variation (dL) of the sample (P) in the course of the modulated temperature program,
c) evaluating the data in order to determine a reversible component (dLrev) of the length variation (dL) or a reversible component (?rev) of the coefficient of thermal expansion (?) of the sample (P),
d) calculating a corrected reversible component (dLrev-corr; ?rev-corr) of the length variation (dL) or of the coefficient of thermal expansion (?) by means of a correction parameter (k), the correction parameter (k) being calculated as a ratio which is determined from data of a parameter (?total) characterizing a total length variation (dLtotal) and data of a parameter (?rev) characterizing the reversible component (dLrev) of the length variation (dL),
characterized in that the temperature program has a first segment (S1) with a first basic heating rate (?1) and the correction parameter (k) is calculated using data from the first segment (S1) in a temperature-dependent manner from an estimate of a temperature-dependent function of said ratio in a region of the first segment (S1) in which the sample (P) is not subjected to any thermally induced conversion process,
and that the temperature program has a second segment (S2) with a second basic heating rate (?2) and the correction parameter (k) calculated using the data from the first segment (S1) is used to calculate the corrected reversible component (dLrev-corr; ?rev-corr) of the length variation (dL) or the coefficient of thermal expansion (?) in the second segment (S2).

US Pat. No. 10,168,290

X-RAY FLUORESCENCE SPECTROMETER

SHIMADZU CORPORATION, Ky...

1. An X-ray fluorescence spectrometer comprising:a) an X-ray source for irradiating a sample with a primary X-ray;
b) a detector for detecting a fluorescent X-ray that is emitted from the sample when the sample is irradiated with the primary X-ray;
c) an analysis chamber having an introduction port for the primary X-ray emitted from the X-ray source and a detection port for the detector, the analysis chamber completely confining a space including an optical path of the primary X-ray from the introduction port to the sample and an optical path of the fluorescent X-ray from the sample to the detection port;
d) first introduction means for introducing helium gas into the analysis chamber through the introduction port;
e) second introduction means for introducing helium gas into the analysis chamber through the detection port; and
f) flow rate control means for controlling a flow rate of the helium gas that is introduced into the analysis chamber by each of the first introduction means and the second introduction means.

US Pat. No. 10,168,289

METHOD FOR EVALUATING CROSSLINK CONCENTRATION IN CROSSLINKED RUBBER

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

1. A method for evaluating crosslink concentration in a crosslinked rubber by small-angle X-ray scattering or small-angle neutron scattering using measurement samples prepared by swelling the crosslinked rubber to different degrees of swelling,wherein the swollen crosslinked rubbers are prepared by placing the crosslinked rubber and an arbitrary amount of a solvent together in a hermetically-sealed container to allow the entire crosslinked rubber to be uniformly swollen.

US Pat. No. 10,168,288

SYSTEM FOR RADIOGRAPHY IMAGING AND METHOD OF OPERATING SUCH SYSTEM

General Electric Company,...

1. A radiography imaging system for generating images of a pipe assembly, the pipe assembly including at least one of a pipe, tubing, and a weld, said radiography imaging system comprising:a radiation source for emitting rays, said radiation source comprising a radioactive isotope having an activity level between 1 Curie and 40 Curies, said radiation source positioned adjacent a portion of the pipe assembly; and
a detector positioned opposite said radiation source, the portion of the pipe assembly positioned between said radiation source and said detector such that the rays interact with the portion of the pipe assembly and strike said detector, said detector comprising:
an imaging plate that is activated by illumination with the rays with an exposure between 0.5 Curie-minute and 5 Curie-minutes of radiation, said imaging plate having a thickness between 5 millimeters (mm) and 15 mm; and
an imaging unit for generating images based on information from said imaging plate, said imaging unit having a pixel pitch that is between 25 microns and 100 microns.

US Pat. No. 10,168,287

AUTOMATED DETECTION OF FATIGUE CRACKS AROUND FASTENERS USING MILLIMETER WAVEGUIDE PROBE

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A system for non-destructive inspection of metal around a fastener, comprising:a crawler vehicle comprising a frame, a plurality of wheels rotatably coupled to said frame and a first plurality of motors respectively mechanically coupled to said plurality of wheels;
a multi-stage probe placement head mounted to said frame, said multi-stage probe placement head comprising an X-axis stage, a Y-axis stage and a Z-axis stage, said X-, Y- and Z-axis stages being respectively translatable in X, Y and Z directions;
a second plurality of motors respectively mechanically coupled for driving translation of said X-, Y- and Z-axis stages;
a waveguide probe rotatably coupled to said third stage of said multi-stage probe placement head, said waveguide probe being rotatable about the Z axis;
a motor mechanically coupled for driving rotation of said waveguide probe about the Z axis;
a camera mounted to said frame, said camera being directed toward a volume of space under said multi-stage probe placement head; and
a computer system programmed to perform the following operations:
processing imaging data acquired by the camera;
controlling said motors; and
controlling said waveguide probe to transmit wave signals.

US Pat. No. 10,168,285

PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SEPARATOR SHEET, PRODUCTION METHOD FOR SEPARATOR, SEPARATOR SHEET WOUND BODY, AND SEPARATOR SHEET PRODUCTION DEVICE

SUMITOMO CHEMICAL COMPANY...

1. A separator original sheet producing method, comprising the steps of:winding up, around a core, a separator original sheet having a defect detected;
providing a first defect code, including information on a first position of the defect which first position is a physical position in a longitudinal direction of the separator original sheet, on (i) the core, (ii) a side surface of the separator original sheet wound around the core, (iii) an outer layer of the separator original sheet wound around the core, or (iv) a package of a roll including the core and the separator original sheet wound around the core; and
providing a second defect code, including information on a second position of the defect which second position is a physical position in a width direction of the separator original sheet, at each of opposite widthwise ends of the separator original sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,168,283

OBSERVATION APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR SHARPENING FINAL IMAGE

OLYMPUS CORPORATION, Tok...

1. An observation apparatus comprising:an image-forming optical system including a plurality of image-forming lenses that form a final image and at least one intermediate image, a first phase modulator that is disposed on an object side of any one of the intermediate images formed by the image-forming lenses and applies a spatial disturbance to a wavefront of light coming from an object, and a second phase modulator that is disposed at a position having at least one intermediate image between the second phase modulator and the first phase modulator and cancels out the spatial disturbance applied to the wavefront of the light coming from the object by the first phase modulator;
a light source that is disposed on the object side of the image-forming optical system and generates illumination light to be incident on the image-forming optical system;
a first scanner and a second scanner that are disposed at a distance from each other in the optical axis direction and scan the illumination light coming from the light source; and
a photodetector that detects light emitted from an observation target disposed at a final image position of the image-forming optical system,
wherein the first phase modulator and the second phase modulator are disposed at positions optically conjugate with the first scanner, which is disposed on the light source side, and have one-dimensional phase-distribution characteristics changing in the direction equal to the direction in which the illumination light is scanned by the first scanner.

US Pat. No. 10,168,282

FAST METHOD FOR BATCH SCREENING DIAMONDS

GUANGZHOU BIAOQI OPTOELEC...

1. A fast method for batch screening diamonds, characterized in that the fast method for batch screening diamonds is implemented using a light source (1), an imager (2), a worktable (4) and a darkroom (3) housing the light source (1), the imager (2) and the worktable (4), and the fast method for batch screening diamonds comprisesa first step comprising placing diamonds (6) on the worktable (4), turning on the light source (1) arranged on one side of the worktable (4) to shed light on the diamonds (6) where the light includes visible light, and photographing the diamonds (6) on the worktable (4) through the imager (2) to obtain a basal image showing the distribution of the diamonds (6);
a second step comprising switching the light source (1) to shortwave UV light with a wavelength ranging from 180 nm to 250 nm, maintaining the light source (1) in work condition for a period of time and then turn it off, and photographing the diamonds (6) on the worktable (4) through the imager (2) to obtain a phosphorescence distribution image showing phosphorescent diamonds; and
a third step comprising overlapping the basal image with the phosphorescence distribution image to obtain a phosphorescence comparison map, marking the phosphorescent diamonds on the phosphorescence comparison map through image recognition technology, and then picking out the phosphorescent diamonds as suspicious diamonds manually or using a device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,280

AUTHENTICATION STRUCTURE AND AUTHENTICATION METHOD USING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. An authentication structure comprising:a first input coupler oriented in a first direction and configured to generate first surface plasmons from first light having first light characteristics from among incident light;
a second input coupler oriented in a second direction different from the first direction and configured to generate second surface plasmons from second light having second light characteristics from among the incident light; and
an output coupler spaced apart from the first and second input couplers, the output coupler comprising a plurality of optical scatterers, each of which reacting differently according to characteristics of the first and second surface plasmons due to at least one of locations, sizes, and an arrangement of the plurality of optical scatterers, and configured to output different speckle patterns based on the characteristics of the first and second surface plasmons and the plurality of the optical scatterers.

US Pat. No. 10,168,279

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR IMAGE SPECIFIC ILLUMINATION OF IMAGE PRINTED ON OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE

Xerox Corporation, Norwa...

1. A display device component comprising:an optical waveguide having a first surface and a second surface;
a first material formed on a portion of said first surface of said optical waveguide;
a second material formed on a portion of said first material, said second material being a marking material;
a third material formed on a portion of said second surface of said optical waveguide, said third material being a marking material; and
a fourth material formed on said third material;
said first material having light scattering properties;
said fourth material having light scattering properties.

US Pat. No. 10,168,277

REFRACTIVE INDEX MEASURING DEVICE

NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CORPO...

1. A refractive index measuring device, comprising:a photodiode configured to have a substrate made of a semiconductor or a metal, a buried insulating layer formed on the substrate, a semiconductor layer including a p-type semiconductor layer and an n-type semiconductor layer formed to be arranged along a predetermined region on the buried insulating layer, a gate insulating layer formed on the semiconductor layer, and a diffraction grating portion disposed on the gate insulating layer and having groove portions formed two-dimensionally in a planar conductive member;
a light source configured to emit linearly polarized light having a predetermined wavelength;
an optical system configured to include a photoelastic modulator, convert the light such that two states in which the light becomes linearly polarized light beams of two orthogonal directions are alternately repeated at a predetermined frequency, and guide the converted light to the photodiode; and
an amplifier configured to perform lock-in detection on electric signals output from the photodiode when the light is incident on the photodiode through the optical system, wherein the lock-in detection comprises detecting a differential voltage of the electrical signals at two timings, at the predetermined frequency, when the light becomes the linearly polarized light beams of the two orthogonal directions,
wherein the groove portions are arranged at a predetermined first grating pitch in a first direction and are arranged at a predetermined second grating pitch in a second direction crossing the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,276

IDENTIFYING TARGETED GASEOUS CHEMICAL COMPOUND

Itron, Inc., Liberty Lak...

1. A system, comprising:a light source that produces light about a first wavelength corresponding to a first dominant absorption band of a targeted gaseous chemical compound and at about a second wavelength corresponding to a second dominant absorption band of the targeted gaseous chemical compound;
a light detector configured to receive the light;
one or more processors; and
non-transitory computer-readable media storing instructions that, when executed by the one or more processors, cause the one or more processors to perform operations comprising:
determining a first transmittance corresponding to the first dominant absorption band;
determining a second transmittance corresponding to the second dominant absorption band;
determining a ratio of the first transmittance to the second transmittance;
comparing the ratio to a predetermined ratio corresponding to the targeted gaseous chemical compound; and
verifying that light absorption is caused by the targeted gaseous chemical compound based at least in part on the ratio substantially matching the predetermined ratio.

US Pat. No. 10,168,275

UNTUNED RESONANCE TRACED GAS SENSING

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of detecting a gas or liquid in an environment, comprising:measuring a reference signal at each of a plurality of wavelengths by passing a signal at each wavelength through a reference cell having a gas or liquid to be detected;
measuring a sensing signal at each of the plurality of wavelengths by coupling each wavelength to a ring resonator in the environment;
determining a set of wavelengths that correspond to an absorption curve of the gas or liquid to be detected; and
determining a concentration of the gas or liquid to be detected in the environment by comparing amplitudes of the sensing signals at each of the set of wavelengths that correspond to the absorption curve to reference signals measured at each of the set of wavelengths.

US Pat. No. 10,168,274

POLARIZATION PROPERTIES IMAGING SYSTEMS

Hinds Instrumsnts, Inc., ...

18. An apparatus, comprising:light source;
a detector situated to receive light from the source and produce a detected signal in response to the received light;
at least one polarization modulator situated between light source and detector so as to modulate the intensity of the light directed through the polarization modulator to provide a modulator output waveform representative of that modulation;
a gating mechanism coupled to the detector so as to control based on a trigger signal exposure time periods during which the detector receives the light from the source; and
a controller coupled to the gating mechanism so as to apply the trigger signal, wherein the trigger signal is synthesized from the modulator output waveform and a first selected waveform.

US Pat. No. 10,168,273

METHODS AND APPARATUS FOR POLARIZING RETICLE INSPECTION

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A system for controlling and measuring polarization for inspection of a sample, comprising:an illumination optics subsystem for generating and directing illumination light towards a sample, wherein the illumination optics subsystem includes two or more illumination polarization components for controlling the polarization state of the illumination light;
a collection optics subsystem for collecting output light from non-patterned areas of the sample in response to the illumination light, wherein the collection optics subsystem comprises at least a first and second collection polarization component for measuring polarization state of the illumination light at or near the sample and a sensor for detecting the output light after the polarization state is adjusted by the first and second collection polarization components; and
a controller that is configured to perform the following operations:
setting up the system in a specific mode of operation;
incrementing the first collection polarization component through a plurality of rotations while keeping the second collection polarization component static;
measuring an intensity signal by the sensor for each rotation of the first collection polarization component;
incrementing the second collection polarization component through a plurality of rotations while keeping the first collection polarization component static;
measuring an intensity signal by the sensor for each rotation of the second collection polarization component;
generating a model of a plurality of polarization state and polarization component parameters for the system to simulate the intensity signals that were measured for each rotation of the first and/or second collection polarization component; and
determining the polarization state and polarization component parameters for the system based on the model.

US Pat. No. 10,168,272

SAMPLING APPARATUS COMPRISING A REFERENCE MARKER

Gerresheimer Regensburg G...

1. A sampling apparatus made of a material, comprising a body of the material forming a cavity for receiving a liquid sample, and comprising a gauging region able to be arranged in a focus region of a visual measuring device for determining the position of the sampling apparatus, the cavity, or both, and in which at least one reference marker is arranged to be detected by means of the visual measuring device, wherein the reference marker is formed in an inner region of the body that is remote from a surface of the body and is in the form of a generated surface and a top surface of a truncated cone.

US Pat. No. 10,168,270

SAMPLE HOLDER AND ASSOCIATED PERMEATION DEVICE

1. A permeation cell capable of measuring the permeation of a target gas through a sample comprising:an upstream chamber capable of containing the target gas and delimited by a bottom;
a downstream chamber capable of being in fluidic communication with a target gas detection device;
a main channel connecting the downstream chamber to the upstream chamber and emerging into the bottom of the upstream chamber;
a first primary seal in contact with the bottom of the upstream chamber and surrounding the opening;
fixing means for fixing the sample at the bottom of the upstream chamber, the fixing means comprising a sample holder which is removable, so that it can be detached from the cell, the sample holder comprising:
an upper frame provided with a front surface and with a rear surface connected by a through opening;
a lower frame capable of being taken away from the upper frame, provided with a front surface and with a rear surface connected by a through opening;
means for assembling the sample holder settable between an assembled state of the sample holder where the rear surface of the upper frame and the front surface of the lower frame are pressed towards each other with the openings of the upper and lower frames facing each other, to hold the sample in the sample holder opposite said openings, and a disassembled state of the sample holder where the upper and lower frames are capable of being taken away from each other to allow the installing and the retrieval of the sample from the sample holder;
means for assembling the cell, settable between a state where the rear surface of the lower frame of the sample holder is pressed against the first primary seal and a state where the sample holder is free,
wherein the sample holder comprises a first secondary seal showing on the front surface of the lower frame of the sample holder, the first secondary seal surrounding the through opening of the lower frame of the sample holder;
and wherein the lower frame of the removable sample holder comprises:
a second secondary seal showing on the front surface of the lower frame of the sample holder and surrounding the through opening of the lower frame of the sample holder, the second secondary seal being surrounded with the first secondary seal;
the front surface and the rear surface of the lower frame of the sample holder are connected by a second channel emerging between the two secondary seals.

US Pat. No. 10,168,269

AEROSOL REAL TIME MONITOR

WUXI MAITONG SCIENTIFIC I...

1. An aerosol real time monitor comprising:a laser light source assembly, configured to emit a laser beam and generate a line-shaped laser spot at a particle excitation position;
a sealed photoelectric measurement chamber, configured to receive an air flow to be measured and form a closed room to prevent light and particles in an external environment from affecting a detection result; wherein the laser light source assembly is assembled at a laser entrance port located at a rear end of the sealed photoelectric measurement chamber and makes an airtight seal of the laser entrance port; and inside the sealed photoelectric measurement chamber, the air flow to be measured intersects a light axis of a traveling direction of the laser beam emitted by the laser light source assembly at the particle excitation position where the line-shaped laser spot located;
a scattered light signal reflecting mirror and a fluorescence signal reflecting mirror, bilaterally provided at a left side and a right side with a measurement point as a center, wherein the measurement point is formed by an intersection of the laser beam emitted by the laser light source assembly 100 and the air flow to be measured; a reflection surface of each of the scattered light signal reflecting mirror and the fluorescence signal reflecting mirror is located inside the sealed photoelectric measurement chamber; wherein the scattered light signal reflecting mirror and the fluorescence signal reflecting mirror are respectively configured to collect scattered light and fluorescence generated by exposing the particles to be measured in the air flow to be measured to the laser beam, and the scattered light and the fluorescence are respectively reflected to an opposite direction; both the scattered light signal reflecting mirror and the fluorescence signal reflecting mirror are provided with an opening at a center, and the opening is configured to allow the fluorescence and a the scattered light reflected from the opposite direction to pass through;
a scattered light signal detector and a fluorescence signal detector, respectively mounted behind the opening in the center of the scattered light signal reflecting mirror and the fluorescence signal reflecting mirror to detect the scattered light signal and the fluorescence signal passing through the opening of the reflecting mirrors, respectively;
an extinction reflecting mirror, mounted on a laser exit port at a front end of the sealed photoelectric measurement chamber, wherein the extinction reflecting mirror is configured to keep the laser exit port airtight; the extinction reflecting mirror is configured to absorb a part of the laser light and reflect a remaining laser light to a light trap arranged at one side of the extinction reflecting mirror; and
the light trap, arranged at one side of the extinction reflecting mirror to absorb the remaining laser light.

US Pat. No. 10,168,268

SIZE DISTRIBUTION DETERMINATION OF AEROSOLS USING HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGE TECHNOLOGY AND ANALYTICS

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. An aerosol distribution determining system, comprising:a set of pairs, each of the pairs including a light emitter mounted to a black object for respectively emitting electromagnetic radiation and absorbing a portion of the electromagnetic radiation;
a hyperspectral imaging camera for capturing hyperspectral images of the electromagnetic radiation in an absence of and in a presence of an aerosol distribution; and
a data processing system for determining at least one of a size, a vertical density distribution, and a shape of particles in the aerosol distribution based on information derived using the hyperspectral images.

US Pat. No. 10,168,267

ROTATIONAL SPEED DETECTION DEVICE, VISCOSITY MEASUREMENT DEVICE USING THE DEVICE, ROTATIONAL SPEED DETECTION METHOD, AND ROTATING OBJECT USED IN THE METHOD

KYOTO ELECTRONICS MANUFAC...

1. A rotational speed detection device comprising:a rotating object;
a light emitting unit of emitting laser light to the rotating object;
a light receiving unit of receiving light reflected by the rotating object after being emitted from the light emitting unit to the rotating object, the light having a speckle pattern;
a received light data obtaining unit of obtaining received light data of the light received by the light receiving unit; and
a rotational speed calculation unit of calculating a rotational speed of the rotating object based on the received light data received by the received light data obtaining unit,whereinthe rotating object is placed in a container of a transparent or translucent material capable of transmitting light, has a spherical shape having a radius of curvature smaller than the radius of curvature of a bottom inner surface of the container, has a rotating surface, and an irregular uneven portion on the rotating surface, the uneven portions having projections and depressions to generate a speckle pattern by interference of light reflected by different points on the uneven portions,
in the uneven portion, a distance between bottom portions of adjacent depressions and a distance between top portions of adjacent projections have a length that is one hundredth or less of a maximum perimeter of the rotating object, and is ten times or more a wavelength of the light emitted by the light emitting unit,
the light emitting unit is positioned so that an optical axis of the laser light is substantially coaxial with a rotation axis of the rotating object, and is configured to emit the laser light to a circular region having a center at the rotation axis,
the light receiving unit includes a single light receiving unit positioned to face a surface of the rotating object which is illuminated with the laser light,
the received light data obtaining unit obtains time-series data of received light data of light reflected by the uneven portion, and received light intensity in the time-series data varies periodically to draw the same waveform each time the rotating object rotates one revolution, and
the rotational speed calculation unit calculates the rotational speed of the rotating object from periodicity of the time-series data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,265

PORTABLE APPARATUS AND METHODS FOR ANALYZING INJECTION FLUIDS

CHEVRON U.S.A. INC., San...

1. A portable apparatus for analyzing an injection fluid, the apparatus comprising a housing encompassing one or more components of the portable apparatus, wherein the components of the portable apparatus comprise:an inlet to receive the injection fluid;
a pre-filter coupled to the inlet;
three analytical modules, wherein the three analytical modules comprise a surrogate core, a capillary viscometer, and a filter;
a pump coupled to the pre-filter to direct the injection fluid from the pre-filter through the three analytical modules;
one or more pressure transducers, wherein the one or more pressure transducers comprise a pressure transducer coupled to the pre-filter to measure a differential pressure of the injection fluid across the pre-filter, a pressure transducer coupled to the surrogate core to measure a differential pressure of the injection fluid across the surrogate core, a pressure transducer coupled to the capillary viscometer to measure a differential pressure of the injection fluid across the capillary viscometer, and a pressure transducer coupled to the filter to measure an absolute pressure of the injection fluid to be filtered through the filter;
a data acquisition system (DAS) that receives data from the one or more pressure transducers and calculates a property of the injection fluid from the data; and
a power supply coupled to the pump, the one or more pressure transducers, and the data acquisition system to provide power.

US Pat. No. 10,168,261

STRUCTURE FOR ACHIEVING DIMENSIONAL STABILITY DURING TEMPERATURE CHANGES

KLA-Tencor Corporation, ...

1. A sample holding stage for a measurement instrument, the sample holding stage comprising:a sample holder comprising:
a sample platform having an upper surface upon which a sample may be placed and a lower surface disposed below the upper surface; and
a tubular support stem having a stem upper portion that is rigidly affixed to the lower surface of the sample platform and a stem lower portion disposed below the stem upper portion;
a support structure comprising:
a base member that is rigidly affixed to the stem lower portion;
a tubular wall member having a wall lower portion that is rigidly affixed to the base member and a wall upper portion disposed above the wall lower portion; and
a lip member affixed to the tubular wall member, the lip member having a central opening; and
a housing comprising:
a central bore into which are received the base member and the tubular wall member of the support structure; and
an upper ledge at least partially surrounding an upper portion of the central bore,
wherein the lip member of the support structure is rigidly affixed to the upper ledge of the housing,
wherein the tubular support stem of the sample holder is disposed inside the tubular wall member of the support structure,
wherein at least a portion of the sample platform of the sample holder is disposed inside the central opening of the lip member of the support structure,
wherein the sample platform can move axially with respect to the tubular wall member of the support structure due to thermal expansion or contraction,
wherein the base member of the support structure can move axially with respect to the housing due to thermal expansion or contraction, and
wherein the net axial displacement of the upper surface of the sample platform with respect to the upper ledge of the housing due to thermal expansion or contraction is no greater than 10 nanometers per degree change in temperature over a range of 25° C. to 1000° C.

US Pat. No. 10,168,259

MICROFLUIDIC DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS FOR IMAGING TISSUE SAMPLES

University of Notre Dame,...

1. A microfluidic device for imaging a tissue sample, the device comprising:a tissue chamber defined by a plurality of walls, at least one of the plurality of walls being transparent;
a deformable membrane disposed within the tissue chamber such that a lower surface of the deformable membrane and a surface of the at least one transparent wall define the tissue chamber, the deformable membrane being configured to oscillate, upon application of pressure thereto, to induce a downward liquid flow onto the tissue sample;
at least one pressure line in fluid communication with the tissue chamber, the pressure line being in fluid communication with an upper surface of the deformable membrane to apply pressure to the upper surface of the deformable membrane;
a liquid inlet channel that includes a liquid inlet and is in fluid communication with the tissue chamber; and
a liquid outlet channel that includes a liquid outlet and is in fluid communication with the tissue chamber;
wherein the tissue chamber is sized and dimensioned to completely immobilize the tissue sample during imaging;
wherein the tissue chamber further includes:
a first electrode that is connected to the liquid inlet channel and is spaced apart from the tissue chamber, the first electrode being located adjacent the liquid inlet; and
a second electrode that is connected to the liquid outlet channel and is spaced apart from the tissue chamber and the first electrode, the second electrode being located adjacent the liquid outlet.

US Pat. No. 10,168,257

SAMPLE PROCESSING SYSTEM

BioGenex Laboratories, In...

1. An apparatus comprising:a sample processing system programmed to create a micro-chamber containing a sample on a substrate, the sample processing system further comprising:
a cover dispenser;
a robotic head configured to move relative to the cover dispenser and the substrate; and
an effector coupled to the robotic head, the effector being configured to grip and release micro-chamber covers;
a plurality of temperature control assemblies being programmed to actively heat and to actively cool a plurality of substrates independently of each other concurrently; and
a controller, the controller having a processor being programmed with computer executable instructions to selectively control the robotic head and the effector to remove a micro-chamber cover from the cover dispenser, to move the micro-chamber cover to a specified position, to place the micro-chamber cover on the substrate, and to remove the micro-chamber cover from the substrate,
wherein the micro-chamber comprises a reservoir formed on the substrate, a micro-chamber cover and a vesicle coupled to the micro-chamber cover and containing a substance to be dispensed in the reservoir;
the controller having a processor being programmed with computer executable instructions to control each of the plurality of temperature control assemblies to actively heat and to actively cool the plurality of substrates independently of each other concurrently.

US Pat. No. 10,168,256

SAMPLE PROBE INLET FLOW SYSTEM

SMITHS DETECTION-WATFORD ...

1. A system comprising:a sample detector comprising a sample receiving port configured to obtain a sample from a fluid flow to be analysed by the sample detector,
an extraction port arranged to draw the fluid flow toward the extraction port for sampling by the sample receiving port, wherein the extraction port is arranged relative to the sample receiving port so that the fluid flow towards the extraction port at least partially surrounds the sample receiving port,
an inlet assembly for receiving a sample probe arranged to enable a probe inserted to the inlet assembly to provide a sample into the fluid flow; and
a curtain port, spaced from the extraction port in the inlet assembly to provide a fluid to flow towards the extraction port around the probe.

US Pat. No. 10,168,254

SYSTEM OF MEASURING EQUIPMENT PERFORMANCE AND DEVICE THEREFOR

Raven Telemetry Inc., Ot...

1. A device for measuring equipment performance comprising:a sensor for collecting data pertaining to functionality of a piece of equipment without interactive communication between the sensor and the piece of equipment, the sensor detecting one or more of motion, temperature, light, air flow, electromagnetic radiation, vibration, mechanical force, acceleration, and sound, the data pertaining to functionality of the piece of equipment comprising time the piece of equipment is performing useful work and time the piece of equipment is idle;
a microprocessor containing an algorithm for receiving the data pertaining to the functionality of the piece of equipment, and converting the data related to functionality of the piece of equipment into equipment utilization metrics; and
a transmitter for transmitting the equipment utilization metrics to an equipment operator;
wherein the equipment utilization metrics are used to monitor and improve equipment utilization to maximize the time that the piece of equipment is performing useful work.

US Pat. No. 10,168,253

MARINE RISER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM INCLUDING SUBSEA ACOUSTIC MONITORING PLATFORM AND AN ASSOCIATED METHOD

General Electric Company,...

1. A marine riser management system comprising:a marine riser comprising a plurality of riser joints coupled one to another;
an on-vessel monitor to receive communications via a topside acoustic transceiver of a condition of at least one of the plurality of riser joints of the marine riser; and
a plurality of subsea sensing and acoustic platforms, wherein each of the plurality of subsea sending and acoustic platforms is mechanically coupled to a respective riser joint of the marine riser, wherein each of the subsea sensing and acoustic platforms monitors and manages at least one of a condition and sensor data of the respective riser joint to which it is coupled, each of the at least one subsea sensing and acoustic platforms comprising:
one or more sensors mechanically coupled to the respective riser joint;
a microprocessor operably coupled to the one or more sensors to receive and analyze sensor data from the one or more sensors;
a memory module operably coupled to the microprocessor and including one or more software modules executable by the microprocessor and configured to provide data storage, the one or more software modules including instructions that when executed by the microprocessor provide data representative of a determination of a condition of the respective riser joint;
an acoustic modem operably coupled to the microprocessor to receive the data representative of a determination of a condition of the respective riser joint and communicate the condition of the respective riser joint to the on-vessel monitor via the topside acoustic transceiver in real-time; and
a power module configured to provide power to the one or more sensors, the microprocessor, the memory module and the acoustic modem,
the on-vessel monitor operable to determine a physical responsive action based on the communicated condition of the respective riser joint and communicate in real-time to the acoustic modem, via the topside acoustic transceiver, the determined physical responsive action via one or more remote command configurations and operational parameters, wherein the determined physical responsive action includes at least one of (i) adjusting the tension of the marine riser; (ii) replacing the marine riser; or (iii) lengthening an inspection interval for one or more of the plurality of riser joints.

US Pat. No. 10,168,252

METHODS AND APPARATUS TO FACILITATE TIRE FORCE ESTIMATION

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:sensors to generate vehicle dynamics information (VDI);
a processor and memory in communication with the sensors and configured to:
estimate relative pitch and roll angles using the VDI;
estimate a normal tire force using the relative pitch and roll angles;
estimate a tire rolling resistance using the normal tire force; and
estimate longitudinal and lateral tire forces using the rolling resistance;
generate a warning when one or more of the tire forces exceeds a vehicle dynamics threshold; and
a display in communication with the processor and configured to display the warning.

US Pat. No. 10,168,251

UNIVERSAL BUCK FOR SLED TEST

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A universal buck for a sled test, comprising:a support plate;
a plurality of pillars mounted on the support plate;
a roof mounted on at least some of the plurality of pillars; and
a wind shield mounted between pillars disposed on a front side among the plurality of pillars and a front end of the roof,
wherein the plurality of pillars, the roof, and the wind shield are mounted to be adjustable in position on the support plate, and
wherein the support plate includes a plurality of support units disposed to be symmetrical on both left and right sides thereof, the plurality of support units are configured to slidably support the plurality of pillars, respectively, and the plurality of pillars are mounted to be adjustable in position on the plurality of support units, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,168,250

ABNORMALITY DIAGNOSIS DEVICE AND ABNORMALITY DIAGNOSIS METHOD FOR INTAKE SYSTEM OF INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An abnormality diagnosis device applied to an internal combustion engine having an intake system equipped with a supercharger that pumps air to diagnose leakage abnormality in the intake system downstream from the supercharger, the internal combustion engine including an air flowmeter provided upstream from the supercharger in the intake system, a throttle valve provided downstream from the supercharger in the intake system, and an intake pressure sensor provided downstream from the throttle valve in the intake system,the abnormality diagnosis device comprising:
a first air amount calculation unit configured to calculate a first air amount that is an intake air amount obtained from a detection value of the air flowmeter;
a second air amount calculation unit configured to calculate a second air amount that is an intake air amount obtained from a detection value of the intake pressure sensor;
a ratio calculation unit configured to calculate a ratio of the first air amount to the second air amount;
a supercharging region determination unit configured to determine whether or not the internal combustion engine is driven in a supercharging region;
a first setting unit configured to set, as a supercharging region monitoring value, the ratio obtained when the supercharging region determination unit determines that the internal combustion engine is driven in the supercharging region;
a second setting unit configured to set, as a non-supercharging region monitoring value, the ratio obtained when the supercharging region determination unit determines that the internal combustion engine is driven in a non-supercharging region; and
an abnormality determination unit configured to determine presence or absence of the leakage abnormality based on a deviation degree between the supercharging region monitoring value and the non-supercharging region monitoring value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,249

MAGNETIC TRANSMISSION PARK POSITION SENSOR

GM Global Technology Oper...

1. A transmission range selection sensor comprising:a housing defining a bore extending along a central axis;
a magnet carrier slideably disposed within the bore;
a magnet attached to and moveable with the magnet carrier, with the magnet generating a magnetic field defining a magnetic flux;
a first magnetic sensor attached to the housing and positioned at a first axial position along the central axis;
a second magnetic sensor attached to the housing and positioned at a second axial position along the central axis, with the second axial position spaced from the first axial position along the central axis;
wherein a position of the magnet carrier along the central axis is determinable from a sensed magnetic flux from the first magnet sensor and a sensed magnetic flux from the second magnetic sensor; and
at least one magnetic flux concentrator attached to one of the magnet carrier or the housing and operable to concentrate the magnetic flux toward at least one of the first magnetic sensor or the second magnetic sensor depending upon a position of the magnet along the central axis.

US Pat. No. 10,168,248

VIBRATION MEASUREMENT AND ANALYSIS

Tensor Systems Pty Ltd, ...

1. A method of measuring and analyzing vibrations of a mechanical system having a reference shaft and a plurality of rotating components, including the steps of:tabulating in a specification table, gear ratios of the plurality of rotating components relative to the reference shaft in integer form;
establishing a measurement specification and communicating the measurement specification to a digitizer, the measurement specification including a sample rate at which vibration data is to be recorded and operating conditions of the mechanical system that are to be met before vibration data pertaining to the mechanical system is recorded;
recording data from the mechanical system during operation, the data comprising rotational speed of the reference shaft received from a first sensor operatively coupled to the reference shaft and vibration data received from one or more vibration sensors operatively coupled to one or more of the reference shaft and the plurality of rotating components; and
resampling the recorded vibration data using the gear ratios defined in a specification table to obtain vibration data corresponding to the plurality of rotating components or each of the plurality of rotating components,
wherein from the step of resampling there is obtained for analysis a vibration signature for a component of interest at predetermined angular increments,
wherein the step of resampling includes resampling sampled time-domain signal data to generate resampled signals with a fixed number of data points per revolution of a shaft to be analyzed, and
wherein the resampling is performed by:
applying a cubic Hermite spline function to a position map of the reference shaft to produce a series of resample time instants within an interval of one revolution of a shaft to be analyzed, from a set of values obtained from measured signal values obtained over a plurality of revolutions of the shaft to be analyzed; and
interpolating a resampled signal value at each of the resample time instants.

US Pat. No. 10,168,247

METHOD, APPARATUS AND SYSTEM FOR MINIMALLY INTRUSIVE FIBER IDENTIFICATION

1. An apparatus for detecting a presence of a time-varying modulation in an optical fiber, the apparatus comprising:a first modulating device that facilitates imparting a time-varying signal onto an existing optical signal to generate a propagating optical signal in the optical fiber;
a first adjustable fiber bending device that facilitates bending the optical fiber such that a portion of the propagating optical signal is scattered out of the optical fiber;
a first detector for receiving the portion of the propagating optical signal that is scattered for detecting the presence of the time-varying modulation; and
a lightguide that facilitates guiding the portion of the propagating optical signal that is scattered out of the optical fiber to the first detector.

US Pat. No. 10,168,246

METHODS OF SELECTING OPTICAL FIBERS THAT MEET BANDWIDTH REQUIREMENTS AT DIFFERENT WAVELENGTHS

Corning Incorporated, Co...

1. A method of determining from a set of like optical fibers which of the optical fibers meet a short-wavelength bandwidth requirement BWRS at a short-wavelength ?S and a target-wavelength bandwidth requirement BWRT at a target wavelength ?T>?S, the method comprising:a) obtaining a short-wavelength bandwidth BWS from differential mode delay (DMD) measurement data at the short wavelength ?S;
b) determining a peak wavelength ?P for each optical fiber;
c) calculating a target-wavelength bandwidth BWT at the target wavelength ?T using the determined peak wavelength; and
d) determining which fibers from the set of fibers satisfy the conditions BWRS

US Pat. No. 10,168,245

OPTICALLY-BASED INTERSTORY DRIFT METER SYSTEM FOR RAPID ASSESSMENT OF THE EARTHQUAKE RESPONSE OF BUILDING STRUCTURES

Lawrence Livermore Nation...

1. An apparatus for measuring interstory drift of a building wherein the building has a reference floor and an adjacent floor immediately adjacent the reference floor, comprising:a laser beam source operatively connected to the reference floor,
a laser beam produced by said laser beam source, said laser beam being a diffracted laser beam having a fan shape directed toward the adjacent floor,
a sensor array operatively connected to the adjacent floor, said sensor array including:
a plurality of parallel rows of sensors, with adjacent rows having sensors offset laterally from one another such that no two immediately adjacent said rows are laterally aligned, and wherein the fan shaped laser beam has a width sufficient to simultaneously span across all the rows of the sensor array; and
the sensor array being positioned to receive said laser beam for measuring interstory drift of the building.

US Pat. No. 10,168,244

GASEOUS FUEL MONITORING FOR WELLSITE PUMPS

HALLIBURTON ENERGY SERVIC...

1. A gaseous fuel monitoring system for use with a subterranean well, the system comprising:a gaseous fuel supply enclosure comprising a connector;
an optical line extending along the gaseous fuel supply enclosure across the connector and secured by at least one clamp,
wherein the clamp comprises a highly thermally conductive material having a conductivity of at least 850 Watts per meters Kelvin (W/m*K) contacting both the connector and the optical line; and
an optical interrogator in communication with the optical line to monitor the gaseous fuel supply enclosure by detecting a change in temperature of the clamp.

US Pat. No. 10,168,243

LEAKAGE DETECTOR, LEAKAGE DETECTION METHOD, AND PIPE NETWORK MONITORING APPARATUS

SEKISUI CHEMICAL CO., LTD...

1. A leakage detector for detecting vibration-sounds caused by fluid leakage from a pipeline, comprising a base, a piezoelectric element supported by the base and configured to convert vibration-sounds to an electric signal, and a weight member loaded against the piezoelectric element,wherein the piezoelectric element is made of a polymeric piezoelectric material,
wherein the leakage detector is configured to allow a distance between a support point of the piezoelectric element, supported by a support device, and a load point of the piezoelectric element, loaded by the weight member, to be variably changed in a mechanical manner by a slider to thereby allow the resonant frequency of a system comprising the piezoelectric element and the weight member to be variably changed, and
wherein a resonance frequency of the system comprising the piezoelectric element and the weight member is set in a range of 10 Hz to 1000 Hz.

US Pat. No. 10,168,241

DRYING MODULE FOR A RELATIVE PRESSURE MEASURING TRANSDUCER

1. A drying module for a measuring transducer for metrological registering of a pressure to be measured as a relative pressure relative to a reference pressure existing in the environment of the measuring transducer, comprising:a module housing, which has an inner space, in which a drying means, especially a moisture adsorbing material, is located;
a first reference pressure supply extending through said module housing, having a first end contactable with the reference pressure via a first opening of said module housing, and having a second end connectable to a second reference pressure supply extending in the measuring transducer via a first connection element of the drying module connectable with a second connection element of the measuring transducer, and an inner space in the module housing in humidity permeable connection with said inner space containing said drying means, wherein:
the second reference pressure supply extending in the measuring transducer leads from a relative pressure sensor to a second opening in a housing wall of a housing of the measuring transducer; and
the second connection element has an inner space connected via the second opening with said second reference pressure supply extending in the measuring transducer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,240

PRESSURE EQUALIZING ELEMENT

1. A measuring transducer for metrological registering of a pressure to be measured as relative pressure referenced to a reference pressure reigning in the environment of the measuring transducer, comprising:a housing;
a relative pressure sensor arranged in said housing;
a pressure supply, via which the pressure to be measured is fed to said relative pressure sensor;
a reference pressure supply, via which the reference pressure is fed to said relative pressure sensor;
an entrance of and to said reference pressure supply communicates with an opening in an outer wall of said housing, on whose exterior the reference pressure acts;
a pressure equalizing element is applied in said entrance of said reference pressure supply; wherein:
said pressure equalizing element has a securement element, a filter element and a protective cap;
said securement element has an axial bore and serves to secure said pressure equalizing element in said opening of said wall;
said filter element is arranged on said securement element in such a manner that an inner surface of said filter element covers at least said axial bore;
said protective cap protecting said filter element against environmental influences has at least one perimetral window, which is so arranged that the region of said at least one window toward said filter element is located essentially at the plane of the outer surface of said filter element;
said securement element of said pressure equalizing element has a battlement-shaped structure, which is arranged around said filter element on the side of said filter element facing away from said relative pressure sensor; and
said protective cap is so affixed to said securement element that said at least one window of said protective cap lies opposite a merlon of said battlement-shaped structure.

US Pat. No. 10,168,239

GAS SENSING DEVICES, SYSTEMS, AND ASSOCIATED METHODS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. A gas sensing device, comprising:an enclosure having an internal chamber operable to receive and contain at least one test gas;
a photonic heat source positioned to deliver wavelength or frequency modulated photonic energy into the internal chamber to create gas pressure modulations within the internal chamber by selectively stimulating an analyte in the test gas;
a pressure sensor monolithically fabricated on a substrate, the pressure sensor functionally coupled to the internal chamber and operable to detect the gas pressure modulations within the internal chamber;
at least one pump monolithically fabricated on the substrate, the at least one pump functionally coupled to the enclosure and operable to deliver the at least one test gas into the internal chamber;
an inlet channel monolithically fabricated on the substrate;
a deflection membrane monolithically fabricated on the substrate; and
the at least one pump including a displacement structure monolithically fabricated on the substrate to unidirectionally draw the at least one gas past the deflection membrane through the inlet channel and into the internal chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,168,237

TORQUE DETECTOR

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A torque detector comprising:a torque cam disposed on a rotating shaft and movable in an axial direction of the rotating shaft in accordance with torque input to the rotating shaft;
a pulse gear comprising at least one tooth formed on an outer circumferential surface of the torque cam;
a rotation pulse detection member disposed so as to oppose the pulse gear, the rotation pulse detection member being configured to detect the at least one tooth of the pulse gear in rotation and configured to output a pulse train; and
a torque acquisition member configured to acquire the torque from the pulse train output by the rotation pulse detection member,
wherein the at least one tooth extends in the axial direction and is formed such that a tooth thickness becomes continuously larger or smaller from a first side to a second side in the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,168,235

STRETCHABLE PIEZOELECTRIC SENSOR APPLIED TO LOGISTICS FOR REAL-TIME MONITORING

Southern Taiwan Universit...

1. A stretchable piezoelectric sensor applied to logistics for real-time monitoring comprising a stretchable flexible substrate and a conductive layer formed on the flexible substrate, and the stretchable piezoelectric sensor is in the form of a ring, a plurality of sensing members corresponding to a number of end faces of a packaging box adhered to the conductive layer, when two ends of the piezoelectric sensor are stretched and fitted on diagonal corners of the packaging box, the sensing members are located on the respective end faces of the packaging box.

US Pat. No. 10,168,234

INTELLIGENT TEST DEVICE FOR FLOOR PANELS

ZHUHAI SEPSTAR ELECTRONIC...

1. An intelligent test device for a substrate, comprising: a main case (1), a detection turntable (2), a feeding mechanism (3), a contact detection mechanism for testing the OFF-pressure of contacts from spring pieces, a discharging mechanism (5) and an electric control box (6), the detection turntable (2), the feeding mechanism (3), the contact detection mechanism and the discharging mechanism (5) being all ON-connected to the electric control box (6); wherein,the detection turntable (2) is arranged on a workbench (11) within the main case (1) in a rotatable manner, with a driving motor (21) provided on the bottom thereof and a number of grippers (22) provided on the disk thereof; and the driving motor (21) is connected to a rotating shaft of the detection turntable (2) by means of driving, and ON-connected to the electric control box (6);
the feeding mechanism (3) comprises a feeding conveyor belt (31) and a loading manipulator (32) for carrying the substrate to be tested at a discharging end of the feeding conveyor belt (31) to a loading station gripper (22) of the detection turntable (2); the feeding conveyor belt (31) is arranged outside the main case (1), and the discharging end thereof extends into the main case (1); and the loading manipulator (32) is arranged on the workbench (11) within the main case (1), and located on an outer side of a loading station of the detection turntable (2);
the contact detection mechanism is arranged on the workbench (11) within the main case (1), and located on the outer side of a detection station of the detection turntable (2); and
the discharging mechanism (5) comprises a discharging conveyor belt (51) and an unloading manipulator (52) for carrying the tested substrate on an unloading station gripper (22) of the detection turntable (2) to a feeding end of the discharging conveyor belt (31); the discharging conveyor belt (51) is arranged outside the main case (1), and the feeding end thereof extends into the main case (1); and the unloading manipulator (52) is arranged on the workbench (11) within the main case (1), and located on an outer side of an unloading station of the detection turntable (2);
wherein the contact detection mechanism comprises a longitudinal detection mechanism (41) and/or a transverse detection mechanism (42);
the longitudinal detection mechanism (41) mainly consists of a first base frame (411), a first test assembly (412) and a first product positioning assembly (413), wherein the first base frame (411) is mounted on the workbench (11) within the main case (1); the first test assembly (412) comprises a first ball screw (414), a first pressure sensor (415) and a first pressure thimble (416), the first ball screw (414) is mounted on the first base frame (411) perpendicularly to the detection turntable (2), a first sensor holder (418) extending to be above a longitudinal detection station of the detection turntable (2) is provided on a driving slider (417) thereof, and the first pressure sensor (415) is mounted on the first sensor holder (418); the first pressure thimble (416) is vertically downward arranged on the first pressure sensor (415) and located right above the longitudinal detection station, and moves up and down under the drive of the first ball screw (414); the first product positioning assembly (413) comprises a first driving cylinder (419) and a first product holding jaw (410), the first driving cylinder (419) is mounted on the first base frame (411) perpendicularly to the detection turntable (2), the first product holding jaw (410) is mounted on the first base frame (411) in such a way of being capable of moving up and down and is connected to the driving shaft of the first driving cylinder (419), and a first test probe (4101) for powering the substrate to be tested fixed by the first base frame (411) is provided on the first base frame (411); during the test, the first pressure thimble (416) passes through the first product holding jaw (410) and then acts on the substrate to be tested fixed within the first product holding jaw (410), so that the longitudinally ON-connected contacts of the substrate to be tested are separated and powered off;
the transverse detection mechanism (42) mainly consists of a second base frame (421), a second test assembly (422) and a second product positioning assembly (423), wherein the second base frame (421) is mounted on the workbench (11) within the main case (1); the second test assembly (422) comprises a second ball screw (424), a second pressure sensor (425) and a second pressure thimble (426), the second ball screw (424) is horizontally mounted on the second base frame (421) and extends to be above the transverse detection station of the detection turntable (2), a second sensor holder (428) is provided on a driving slider (427) thereof, and the second pressure sensor (425) is mounted on the second sensor holder (428); the second pressure thimble (426) is horizontally mounted on the second pressure sensor (425) and located right above the transverse detection station, and moves forth and back under the drive of the second ball screw (424); the second product positioning assembly (423) is located in front of the second detection assembly (422) and comprises a second driving cylinder (429) and a second product holding jaw (420), the second driving cylinder (429) is mounted on the second base frame (421) perpendicularly to the detection turntable (2), the second product holding jaw (420) is mounted on the second base frame (421) in such a way of being capable of moving up and down, and is connected to the driving shaft of the second driving cylinder (429), and a second test probe (4201) for powering the substrate to be tested fixed by the second base frame (421) is provided on the second base frame (421); during the test, the second pressure thimble (426) extends into the second product holding jaw (420) under the drive of the second ball screw (424) and then acts on the substrate to be tested fixed within the second product holding jaw (420), so that the transversely ON-connected contacts of the substrate to be tested are separated and powered off; and
the first ball screw (414), the first pressure sensor (415), the first driving cylinder (419), the first product holding jaw (410), the first test probe (4101), the second ball screw (424), the second pressure sensor (425), the second driving cylinder (429), the second product holding jaw (420) and the second test probe (4201) are all ON-connected to the electric control box (6).

US Pat. No. 10,168,233

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE INCLUDING SENSOR

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus comprising:a sensor including a plurality of sense nodes;
a plurality of first latch circuits including a plurality of first input nodes and a plurality of first output nodes, respectively, the plurality of first input nodes coupled to the plurality of sense nodes, respectively;
a plurality of second latch circuits including a plurality of second input nodes and a plurality of second output nodes, respectively, the plurality of second input nodes coupled to the plurality of first output nodes, respectively; and
a selector including a plurality of third input nodes coupled respectively to the plurality of first output nodes, a plurality of fourth input nodes coupled respectively to the plurality of second output nodes and a plurality of third output nodes.

US Pat. No. 10,168,232

NON-CONTACT TEMPERATURE SENSOR

MITSUBISHI MATERIALS CORP...

1. A non-contact temperature sensor comprising:an insulating film;
a thin film thermistor portion made of a thermistor material that is patterned on a front-surface of the insulating film;
a pair of comb shaped electrodes that is patterned so as to be opposed to each other and to have a plurality of comb portions at least either on the upper or lower surface of the thin film thermistor portion;
a pair of pad electrodes that is patterned on a base-end side of the front-surface of the insulating film;
a pair of pattern wiring portions that is patterned on the front-surface of the insulating film with one end thereof being connected to the pair of comb shaped electrodes and the other end thereof being connected to the pair of pad electrodes; and
a pair of lead frames of which a base-end side is adhered to the pair of pad electrodes on the front-surface of the insulating film,
wherein the thin film thermistor portion is formed in a thermistor forming region arranged on a front-end side of the insulating film,
the pad electrodes are formed in an electrode forming region arranged on a base-end side of the insulating film,
the pair of lead frames extends along a direction from the base-end side of the insulating film to the front-end side of the insulating film, and a front-end side of the pair of lead frames extends beyond a front-end of the thermistor forming region in a non-contact manner, and
the thermistor forming region protrudes to a region between the pair of lead frames without contacting with the pair of lead frames.

US Pat. No. 10,168,231

GALVANICALLY ISOLATED MONITORING CIRCUIT

TECHNELEC LTD, Oakham (G...

1. A system for monitoring a resistance of a component, the system comprising:a measurement circuit comprising a primary inductor, a voltage pulse generator for applying voltage pulses across the primary inductor, a first capacitor and a first resistance connected across the first capacitor;
a galvanically isolated circuit including a secondary inductor, a second capacitor coupled to the secondary inductor, and the component connected across the second capacitor; and
a measuring device for measuring a voltage across the first capacitor,
wherein the primary and secondary inductors are inductively coupled by a magnetic core to form a flyback transformer; and
wherein the galvanically isolated circuit is configured to prevent a current induced in the secondary inductor by the primary inductor during the voltage pulses from flowing in a first direction through the galvanically isolated circuit, so that energy from the voltage pulses is stored in the magnetic core, and
configured to permit current to flow in a second direction through the galvanically isolated circuit between pulses, so that the energy stored in the magnetic core is released into the first and second capacitors, whereby after a plurality of the voltage pulses the system is in a substantially stable state, in which a substantially stable voltage VC1 across the first capacitor is proportional to a substantially stable voltage VC2 across the second capacitor, and VC1 is representative of the resistance of the component.

US Pat. No. 10,168,230

TEMPERATURE DETECTION DEVICE, ELECTROPHOTOGRAPHIC TYPE IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS, AND TEMPERATURE DETECTION METHOD

KYOCERA Document Solution...

1. A temperature detection device comprising:a thermocouple having a hot junction and a cold junction and configured to output a first signal value corresponding to a thermoelectromotive force generated between the hot junction and the cold junction; and
a detection portion configured to detect a temperature of the cold junction and output a second signal value corresponding to the detected temperature, the temperature detection device detecting a temperature of a fixing member used for fixing a toner image, by using a high-degree expression of the second degree or higher for temperature calculation that includes variables for which the first signal value and the second signal value are to be substituted, wherein
any one or more of the first signal value, the second signal value, and a constant included in the high-degree expression include a decimal place, and
the temperature detection device further comprises:
a conversion processing portion configured to multiply each of the first signal value, the second signal value, and the constant by a perfect power of 2 and convert each result of the multiplication to an integer that is approximate to the result of the multiplication; and
a calculation processing portion configured to calculate the temperature of the fixing member by substituting the first signal value and the second signal value after the conversion by the conversion processing portion into a first transformation expression in which the constant in the high-degree expression is replaced by the constant after the conversion by the conversion processing portion, and multiplying or dividing each term included in the first transformation expression by a perfect power of 2.

US Pat. No. 10,168,229

EMI/RF SHIELDING OF THERMOCOUPLES

Applied Materials, Inc., ...

1. An apparatus for processing a substrate, comprising:a substrate support;
a temperature sensor, wherein the temperature sensor is disposed in the substrate support;
a first coating disposed over the temperature sensor, the first coating comprising a first material;
a second coating disposed over the first coating, the second coating comprising a second material different than the first material, wherein the second coating comprises silver, wherein the silver comprises silver nanoparticles; and
a third coating disposed over the second coating, the third coating comprising a third material different than both the first material and the second material.

US Pat. No. 10,168,227

SYSTEM AND APPARATUS FOR DETERMINING AMBIENT TEMPERATURES FOR A FLUID ANALYTE SYSTEM

ASCENSIA DIABETES CARE HO...

1. A portable meter configured to rapidly determine ambient temperature, the portable meter comprising:a housing defining an interior space and an area for receiving a fluid sample;
a first processing unit and a first temperature sensor disposed within said interior space of said housing; and
a second temperature sensor disposed on said housing; and
said first processing unit or another processing unit being configured to:
determine a first temperature value from temperature data received from said first temperature sensor,
apply a variable current to a temperature-adjustment source such that said second temperature sensor is adjusted to a predetermined steady-state temperature value different from said first temperature value, and
determine an ambient temperature of an exterior space of said housing based on said applied variable current, said pre-determined steady-state temperature value, and said received first temperature value.

US Pat. No. 10,168,225

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETECTING EXTRASOLAR LASER PULSES

1. A method, comprising:detecting an extrasolar laser pulse;
observing the extrasolar pulse;
characterizing the extrasolar pulse, and
confirming the data related to characterizing the pulse.

US Pat. No. 10,168,224

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING FREQUENCY ANALYSIS PROCESSING, AND SENSOR MODULE

FUJITSU LIMITED CO., LTD....

1. An apparatus for controlling a frequency analysis processing, the apparatus comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory and configured to
execute a process that includes acquiring time sequential data sensed at a first sampling frequency by a sensor and dividing the time sequential data into a first group and a second group in accordance with sequential order of the time sequential data, the first group including first data having first time sequential order of the time sequential data, the second group including second data having second time sequential order of the time sequential data,
execute a fast Fourier transform process that includes performing a fast Fourier transform operation on the first group and the second group and acquiring similarity degree between a first result of a butterfly operation for the first group and a second result of the butterfly operation for the second group, and
execute a change process that includes changing, in a case where the similarity degree is at least equal to a given threshold, a sampling frequency at which the sensor operates to a second sampling frequency lower than the first sampling frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,168,223

ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION DETECTOR ENCAPSULATED BY TRANSFER OF THIN LAYER

1. Electromagnetic radiation detector (100) comprising:at least one membrane (108) suspended above a substrate (101), configured to absorb incident electromagnetic radiation and convert it into heat; and
a cap (110) transparent in a spectral sensitivity range of the electromagnetic radiation detector, and closing a hermetic cavity (115) containing the at least one membrane;characterised in that:the thickness (E) of the cap (110) is less than or equal to 10 ?m;
the cap is suspended above the substrate, bearing on at least support walls (106) surrounding the membrane(s);
the detector (100) has first and second metallic sealing layers (112A, 112B) intercalated on each other between the cap and the support walls, and between which a peripheral bonding zone (112C) extends.

US Pat. No. 10,168,222

THERMAL DETECTOR ARRAY CONFIGURED TO DETECT THERMAL RADIATION FROM THE INTEGRATED CIRCUIT

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. An apparatus comprising:an integrated circuit substrate;
an integrated circuit, wherein the integrated circuit is disposed on a top surface of the integrated circuit substrate;
a thermal detector array substrate;
a thermal detector array configured to detect thermal radiation from the integrated circuit, wherein the thermal detector array is disposed on a bottom surface of the thermal detector array substrate; and
one or more spacers disposed on the top surface of the integrated circuit substrate;
wherein the one or more spacers are disposed between the top surface of the integrated circuit substrate and the bottom surface of the thermal detector array substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,168,220

WEARABLE INFRARED TEMPERATURE SENSING DEVICE

PIXART IMAGING INC., Hsi...

1. A wearable device, comprising:a case having a first opening; and
a far infrared temperature sensing device disposed inside the case of the wearable device, and the far infrared temperature sensing device including:
an assembly structure which has an accommodating space and a top opening;
a sensor chip which is disposed in the accommodating space of the assembly structure;
a filter structure which is disposed above the sensor chip; and
a metal shielding structure which is disposed above the sensor chip, wherein the metal shielding structure has a second opening to expose the filter structure;
wherein the first and second openings are communicated to cooperatively define a through hole.

US Pat. No. 10,168,219

WEARABLE DEVICE WITH COMBINED SENSING CAPABILITIES

PIXART IMAGING INCORPORAT...

1. A wearable device with combined sensing capabilities, comprising:a wearable assembly for being worn on a part of a user's body, wherein the wearable assembly has at least two light-transmissible windows, one of the at least two light-transmissible windows is provided at an upper surface of the wearable assembly, and another one of the at least two light-transmissible windows is provided at a lower surface of the wearable assembly; and
at least two multi-function sensor modules located inside the wearable assembly, wherein, the at least two multi-function sensor modules are respectively corresponding to the two light-transmissible windows, wherein, the at least two multi-function sensor modules are for performing an image sensing function and an infrared temperature sensing function, each of the at least two multi-function sensor modules including:
an image sensor module for sensing a physical or a biological feature of an object through the at least one light-transmissible window by way of image sensing; and
an infrared temperature sensor module for sensing temperature through the corresponding light-transmissible window by way of infrared temperature sensing;
wherein, the multi-function sensor module corresponding to the light-transmissible window provided at the upper surface performs non-contact type temperature sensing through the corresponding light-transmissible window at the upper surface, and wherein the multi-function sensor module corresponding to the light-transmissible window provided at the lower surface performs contact type temperature sensing through the corresponding light-transmissible window at the lower surface;
whereby, the wearable device integrates both non-contact type temperature sensing and contact type temperature sensing into the one single wearable assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,168,217

AUTOMATED THERMOGRAPHIC INSPECTION FOR COMPOSITE STRUCTURES

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A method to detect irregularities in a composite structure, the method comprising:cooling the composite structure to a first temperature state;
applying a quantity of heat to an exposed surface of the composite structure;
after heat has been applied to the exposed surface of the composite structure, generating temperature data for the exposed surface of the composite structure; and
detecting an irregularity in the composite structure based on the temperature data.

US Pat. No. 10,168,215

COLOR MEASUREMENT APPARATUS AND COLOR INFORMATION PROCESSING APPARATUS

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A color measurement apparatus, comprising:at least one illuminator configured to irradiate a surface of a measurement target and a surface of a reference object with light at a plurality of illumination angles;
an imager configured to image the surface of the measurement target at a predetermined capturing angle, at one illumination angle per imaging, to acquire spectral reflectance images of the measurement target at the plurality of illumination angles, and image the surface of the reference object at the predetermined capturing angle, at the plurality of illumination angles, respectively, to acquire spectral reflectance images of the reference object at the plurality of illumination angles; and
circuitry configured to:
normalize each pixel included in an imaging region of one of the spectral reflectance images of the measurement target irradiated with light at a specific illumination angle of the plurality of illumination angles, with one of the spectral reflectance images of the reference object irradiated with light at the specific illumination angle, for each of the plurality of illumination angles so as to generate normalized spectral reflectance images of the measurement target; and
calculate a numerical value of at least one color for each pixel of the normalized spectral reflectance images of the measurement target, for respective ones of the plurality of illumination angles, to measure color of the surface of the measurement target.

US Pat. No. 10,168,214

METHOD OF ASSEMBLY AND MANUFACTURING OF PIEZO ACTUATED FABRY-PEROT INTERFEROMETER

TruTag Technologies, Inc....

1. A device for tunable optical filtering, comprising:a substrate;
one or more piezos, wherein the one or more piezos are placed on the substrate, wherein the one or more piezos have a piezo thickness, the piezo thickness being a length of the one or more piezos in a top to a bottom direction;
a bottom mirror, wherein the bottom mirror is placed on the substrate, wherein the bottom mirror has a bottom mirror thickness greater than the piezo thickness, the bottom mirror thickness being a bottom mirror length of the bottom mirror in the top to the bottom direction;
a top mirror, wherein the top mirror is placed on the bottom mirror, the top mirror being in contact with the bottom mirror, wherein the top mirror is attached to the one or more piezos, wherein actuation of the one or more piezos lifts the top mirror from the bottom mirror so that the top mirror is no longer in contact with the bottom mirror.

US Pat. No. 10,168,213

SPECTROSCOPIC SENSOR INCLUDING INTERFERENCE FILTER UNIT HAVING SILICON OXIDE CAVITY

HAMAMATSU PHOTONICS K.K.,...

1. A spectroscopic sensor comprising:an interference filter unit, having a cavity layer and first and second mirror layers opposing each other through the cavity layer, for selectively transmitting therethrough light in a predetermined wavelength range according to an incident position thereof;
a light-transmitting substrate, arranged on the first mirror layer side, for transmitting therethrough light incident on the interference filter unit;
a light-detecting substrate, arranged on the second mirror layer side, for detecting the light transmitted through the interference filter unit; and
a first coupling layer arranged between the interference filter unit and the light-transmitting substrate;
wherein the cavity layer and the first coupling layer are silicon oxide films,
the thickness of the cavity layer varies between the first and second mirror layers,
the thickness of the first coupling layer varies such that the light-transmitting substrate and the light-detecting substrate are arranged parallel to each other,
the cavity layer has a filter region held between the first and second mirror layers, and a surrounding region continuously surrounding the whole perimeter of the filter region as seen in a direction in which the light-transmitting substrate and the light-detecting substrate oppose each other,
the cavity layer is formed continuously over the filter region and the surrounding region,
an entire face on the light-transmitting substrate side of the surrounding region has substantially the same height as a part of a face of the filter region on which the first mirror layer is formed located closest to the light-transmitting substrate or the entire face on the light-transmitting substrate side of the surrounding region is positioned nearer to the light-transmitting substrate than the part,
the filter region overlaps with a light-receiving unit of the light-detecting substrate and the surrounding region does not overlap with the light-receiving unit as seen in the direction in which the light-transmitting substrate and the light-detecting substrate oppose each other, and
the thickness of the filter region varies between the first and second mirror layers.

US Pat. No. 10,168,211

FULLY INTEGRATED GAS CONCENTRATION SENSOR

MAXIM INTEGRATED PRODUCTS...

1. A gas concentration sensor, comprising:a package substrate defining at least one aperture;
an electromagnetic radiation source positioned in an interior region of the package substrate;
a detector positioned in the interior region of the package substrate and configured to receive at least a portion of electromagnetic radiation generated by the electromagnetic radiation source to generate one or more signal outputs;
a tunable filter positioned adjacent to the detector, the tunable filter configured to provide a plurality of spectral channels for detection by the detector; and
control circuitry coupled to the package substrate and operably coupled to the detector, the control circuitry configured to detect and calibrate the one or more signal outputs from the detector to determine a gas concentration within the interior region of the package substrate, and wherein the control circuitry is configured to control one or more filtering characteristics of the tunable filter;
the package substrate at least partially enclosing the electromagnetic radiation source, the detector, and the control circuitry.

US Pat. No. 10,168,210

SNAPSHOT-TYPE POLARIZED HYPERSPECTRAL CAMERA AND AN IMAGING METHOD

Institute of Remote Sensi...

1. A snapshot-type polarized hyperspectral camera, characterized in that, it comprises polarizers, an image sensor and a spectra filter, the spectra filter being located on the image sensor, and the polarizers being located on one side of the image sensor;three polarizers are stuck into a first region, a second region and a third region of a channel with a preset wavelength at a first preset angle, a second preset angle and a third preset angle, respectively, the channel is divided into four regions, and the polarizers are used to shield and transmit incident light, so as to obtain light signals with different polarizing angles;
the image sensor is used to receive the light signals with different polarizing angles, which are obtained by the three polarizers, and convert the light signals with different polarizing angles into electric signals;
the spectra filter is used to receive the electric signals converted by the image sensor, and filter the electric signals, so as to obtain high-frequency electric signals with the preset wavelength.

US Pat. No. 10,168,209

MODULAR IMAGING SPECTROMETER ASSEMBLY AND METHOD

RAYTHEON COMPANY, Waltha...

1. A modular imaging spectrometer assembly comprising:an all-reflective foreoptics assembly positioned to receive electromagnetic radiation from a scene and produce a real exit pupil, the all-reflective foreoptics assembly having a first f-number;
a first imaging spectrometer including a first all-reflective optical assembly configured to receive and disperse the electromagnetic radiation into a first plurality of spectral bands at a first image plane, the first imaging spectrometer having a second f-number that is independent of the first f-number, wherein the first all-reflective optical assembly includes:
a first plurality of collimating optics to receive and collimate the electromagnetic radiation from the at least one slit aperture to produce first collimated electromagnetic radiation,
a first dispersive element positioned to receive the first collimated electromagnetic radiation from the first plurality of collimating optics and disperse the first collimated electromagnetic radiation into the first plurality of spectral bands, and
a first plurality of focusing optics to focus the dispersed electromagnetic radiation at the first image plane;
a second imaging spectrometer spatially separated from the first imaging spectrometer, the second imaging spectrometer including a second all-reflective optical assembly configured to receive and disperse the electromagnetic radiation into a second plurality of spectral bands at a second image plane, the second imaging spectrometer having a third f-number that is independent of the first f-number, wherein the second all-reflective optical assembly includes:
a second plurality of collimating optics to receive and collimate the electromagnetic radiation from the at least one slit aperture to produce second collimated electromagnetic radiation,
a second dispersive element positioned to receive the second collimated electromagnetic radiation from the second plurality of collimating optics and disperse the second collimated electromagnetic radiation into the second plurality of spectral bands; and
a second plurality of focusing optics to focus the dispersed electromagnetic radiation at the second image plane; and
at least one slit aperture interposed between the all-reflective foreoptics assembly and the first imaging spectrometer and the second imaging spectrometer, the at least one slit aperture being positioned to receive the electromagnetic radiation from the real exit pupil and direct the electromagnetic radiation to the first imaging spectrometer and the second imaging spectrometer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,207

SUNSCREEN EFFECTIVENESS MONITORING

International Business Ma...

1. A method for monitoring sunscreen effectiveness, the method comprising the steps of:receiving, by one or more computer processors, input from a user;
receiving, by the one or more computer processors, data corresponding to ultraviolet radiation exposure from a first ultraviolet radiation sensor and a second ultraviolet radiation sensor, wherein the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is covered with a thickness of a sunscreen wherein the thickness corresponds to a thickness of the sunscreen applied to skin of the user, and wherein the second ultraviolet radiation sensor is not covered with the thickness of the sunscreen, and wherein the sunscreen is a topical product which absorbs or reflects ultraviolet radiation from the sun;
determining, by the one or more computer processors, an amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor and the second ultraviolet radiation sensor;
determining, by the one or more computer processors, whether the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is similar to the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the second ultraviolet radiation sensor;
responsive to determining the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is not similar to the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the second ultraviolet radiation sensor, determining, by the one or more computer processors, whether the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is below an alert threshold; and
responsive to determining the amount of ultraviolet radiation received by the first ultraviolet radiation sensor is not below the alert threshold, transmitting, by the one or more computer processors, an alert message to the user.

US Pat. No. 10,168,206

COOLING DEVICE COMPRISING AN IMPROVED COLD FINGER

1. Cooling device comprising:a cooling plate,
a cooling system provided with a cooling fluid,
a hollow cold finger closed at one end by the cooling plate, the cooling fluid being located in the cold finger to cool the cooling plate, the cold finger comprising at least one side wall defining a confinement channel of the cooling fluid from the cooling system,wherein:said at least one side wall is at least partially formed by an area made from an at least partially amorphous metal alloy,
the area made from the at least partially amorphous metal alloy is formed by an at least ternary alloy containing at least 17.5% in atomic % of hafnium and possibly of copper with a maximum content equal to 40% in atomic % of copper so as to form a thermal insulator.

US Pat. No. 10,168,205

OPTICAL SENSING MODULE AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

PIXART IMAGING INC., Hsi...

1. An optical sensing module, comprising:a light source adapted to provide a radiation beam emergent from the optical sensing module;
a sensing device disposed with a displacement from the light source; and
a first lens disposed above the sensing device, the first lens having an optical axis, the optical axis extending through a geometric center of the first lens and vertical to a plane on which the light source and the sensing device are disposed,
wherein the optical axis of the first lens is offset from a geometric center of the sensing device along a direction perpendicular to a direction from the light source to the sensing device by a predetermined distance,
wherein the sensing device is adapted to receive an object beam passing the first lens,
the first lens has a light incident plane, a light emergent plane opposite to the light incident plane, and a connecting plane connecting the light incident plane and the light emergent plane, and an included angle between the connecting plane and the optical axis is larger than 0 degree and smaller than 75 degrees to reduce an area of the optical sensing module along the direction perpendicular to the direction from the light source to the sensing device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,204

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING WATERPROOFING OF THE ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. An electronic device comprising:a housing;
a speaker disposed inside the housing; and
a processor disposed inside the housing and configured to:
control the speaker to output a reference signal in the form of a sound,
receive a feedback signal corresponding to the reference signal outputted in a resonance space inside the housing,
determine a lowest resonant frequency from the feedback signal, and
determine whether the electronic device is waterproofed based on whether a value of the lowest resonant frequency is within a preset range.

US Pat. No. 10,168,203

BALANCE WITH FREE-FLOATING WEIGHING PAN

Mettler-Toledo GmbH, Gre...

1. A balance, comprising:a weighing pan;
at least six position sensors, arranged to measure the position of the weighing pan in all three dimensions;
a weighing mechanism with at least six electromagnetic mechanisms, each of which includes at least one permanent magnet and at least one force coil, such that the weighing mechanism generates compensation forces to act, through currents sent to each force coil, in each of the six translatory and rotatory degrees of freedom on the weighing pan, based upon the orientation and position of each force coil relative to the weighing pan;
a regulating unit to regulate the individual currents flowing in the force coils, wherein the compensation forces, through the sum of their respective moments, hold the weighing pan in a constant, predefined and free-floating position relative to the six degrees of freedom; and
an arithmetic unit provided with software to calculate the weighing result based on the amounts of current flowing in the respective force coils.

US Pat. No. 10,168,200

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR POWER MANAGEMENT IN ULTRASONIC SENSORS

SSI Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A method of controlling energy of sound waves generated in a fluid sensing system, the method comprising:generating, with a transducer, a first sound wave and a second sound wave in a tank having a fluid;
receiving, with the transducer, a first echo of the first sound wave and a first echo of the second sound wave;
comparing, with a controller, a signal characteristic of the first echo of the first and second sound waves; and
driving, with a driver, the transducer based on comparing the signal characteristic of the first echo of the first and second sound waves and to reduce a difference in amplitude of the first echo of the first and the second sound waves.

US Pat. No. 10,168,199

METHOD FOR ASCERTAINING AND MONITORING FILL LEVEL OF A MEDIUM IN A CONTAINER USING A TRAVEL TIME MEASURING METHOD

1. A method for ascertaining and monitoring fill level (F) of a medium in a container by means of a field device using a travel time measuring method, comprising the steps of:transmitting transmission signals (S) toward the medium and receiving reflection signals (R);
registering the received reflection signals (R) as echo signals in an echo function, or envelope curve, dependent on travel time (t) or travel distance (x);
filtering by means of at least one filter with filter parameters (FP) the echo function, or the envelope curve;
wherein:
at least three filter ranges (FR1, FR2, FR3) are formed in the echo function, or the envelope curve, and at least a first filter range (FR1) with a first width (w1) is predetermined at the position (x1) of the wanted echo signal in the echo function or the envelope curve ascertained in a preceding measuring cycle;
the echo function, or the echo curve is filtered by the filter with different filter parameters (FP) in the first filter range (FP1), in the second filter range (FP2) and/or in the third filter range (FP3); and
the second filter range and the third filter range adjoin in front or behind the first filter range;
ascertaining by means of an echo search algorithm at least one wanted echo signal in the echo function, or the envelope curve; and
ascertaining the fill level (F) in the basis of position (x1) of the wanted echo signal.

US Pat. No. 10,168,198

BULK ACOUSTIC WAVE (BAW) SENSORS FOR LIQUID LEVEL MEASUREMENTS

Honeywell International I...

1. A method for sensing at least one level parameter of at least one liquid in a tank, comprising:providing at least one bulk acoustic wave (BAW) sensor positioned inside said tank, wherein electrodes of said at least one BAW sensor are at least switchably connected to a positive feedback loop across an amplifier to provide an electronic oscillator, wherein said at least one BAW sensor each have a unique digital address stored in a memory associated with a control unit that provides sensor select signals to a multiplexer (MUX), said MUX individually interrogating said plurality of BAW sensors;
determining a frequency shift from an output of said electronic oscillator by utilizing a calibration curve relating a measured change in resonant frequency for said electronic oscillator to said liquid, wherein said output of said electronic oscillator is different when said at least one BAW sensor contacts said liquid as compared to when said at least one BAW sensor contacts air, and
using said unique digital address and a distance between consecutive ones of said at least one BAW sensor in an algorithm for determining said level parameter from said change in resonant frequency.

US Pat. No. 10,168,197

FILL-LEVEL MEASURING DEVICE

1. A fill-level measuring device working according to the pulse radar principle for measuring a fill level of a fill substance in a container, comprising:a transmission system having a pulse producing system, connected to a control unit, which is embodied in such a manner that, in predetermined measuring cycles comprising, in each case, at least two measurements, for each measurement, it produces a transmission signal composed of microwave pulses of a center frequency predetermined for the particular measuring, wherein the center frequencies of the transmission signals of at least two of the measurings are different from one another;
an antenna connected to said transmission system, which sends the transmission signals into the container, and receives as received signals their signal fractions reflected in the container back in the direction of said antenna after a travel time dependent on the distance from the associated reflector of the fill-level measuring device, and which has for different center frequencies different spatial radiation characteristics dependent on the center frequency of the transmission signals; and
a signal processing system, connected to said transmission system and said antenna, which receives the received signals and evaluates such based on the center frequencies of the microwave pulses of the associated transmission signals and the center frequency dependence of the spatial radiation characteristic of the said antenna, wherein:
said antenna is a rod-shaped, and rectangular shaped hollow conductor with slots, which has an input fed by said transmission system, whose end lying opposite the input is terminally short circuited, terminated with a reflection free termination, or open, and which has a hollow conductor wall, which is provided with slot shaped slot like or fractal shaped cutouts, via which said antenna sends the transmission signals with a spatial radiation characteristic different for different center frequencies dependent on the positioning and dimensioning of said cutouts and the center frequencies of the supplied transmission signals; and
said antenna includes a focusing apparatus for focusing the transmission signals emerging from said antenna, a funnel-shaped or rectangular, hollow conductor segment arranged outwardly on the hollow conductor wall and enclosing all cutouts, a lens arranged outwardly on said hollow conductor wall, said lens comprising a dielectric lens or a magnetic lens, plates of one or more planar plies of a dielectric material applied outwardly on said cutouts, or other rectangular, hollow conductors embodied identically to the rectangular, hollow conductor and connected with said rectangular, hollow conductor to form a group of parallely amplitudes—and phase equally fed, rectangular, hollow conductors arranged together, parallel to one another, directly next to one another and perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of said rectangular, hollow conductor.

US Pat. No. 10,168,194

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DRIVING A MULTI-OSCILLATOR SYSTEM

Analog Devices, Inc., No...

1. A method of detecting a physical quantity from a sensor, the sensor having a plurality of oscillation members including at least a first oscillation member and a second oscillation member, the method comprising:driving the first oscillation member with a first drive signal having a first drive frequency in a first time interval and a second drive frequency in a second time interval;
driving the second oscillation member with a second drive signal;
receiving a first incoming signal representing an oscillation frequency of the first oscillation member;
receiving a second incoming signal representing an oscillation frequency of the second oscillation member; and
detecting the physical quantity based on the oscillation frequency of the first oscillation member and the oscillation frequency of the second oscillation member.

US Pat. No. 10,168,193

SENSOR WITH SWITCHING MATRIX SWITCH

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A sensor system comprising:a sensor comprising a plurality of sensor cells arranged in a sensor matrix of sensor cell columns and rows and configured to generate data related to a physical parameter;
a matrix switching component comprising a set of switching columns and switching rows coupled to the plurality of sensor cells and configured to generate a plurality of communication routes; and
a controller configured to selectively activate a communication route of the plurality of communication routes by activating a plurality of switching elements through the matrix switching component between an input/output port and a first set of sensor cells, and further configured to dynamically reassign the communication route comprising the plurality of activated switching elements to a second set of sensor cells having different sensors cells than the first set of sensor cells based on one or more criteria.

US Pat. No. 10,168,192

DETERMINING VALUES OF ANGULAR GAUGES

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus, comprising:one or more computing processors;
an image receiver to generate a binary image from a first image of an angular gauge, identify a portion of the binary image containing the angular gauge, and crop the binary image to the identified portion to generate a cropped binary image;
an angular mapper to operate on the one or more computing processors to generate an angular map from the cropped binary image, wherein the angular map associates positions of a needle of the angular gauge with numerical values; and
a gauge reader to operate on the one or more computing processors to determine a value indicated by the needle of the angular gauge in a second image of the angular gauge based on the angular map;
wherein, for an intermediate angle in between two angles which are mapped in the angular map, the gauge reader is to interpolate a value for the intermediate angle from the two mapped angles, the two mapped angles being mapped angles closest to the intermediate angle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,191

METHODS FOR FABRICATING APPARATUS HAVING A HERMETIC SEAL

DUNAN SENSING LLC, San J...

1. An apparatus having a hermetic seal comprising:a housing with a top and bottom and a first hole that passes through the housing from the top to the bottom wherein the housing further comprises a first cavity with an inner wall, outer wall and first cavity bottom and the first cavity extends down into the housing from the top and surrounds the first hole and wherein the housing further comprises a second cavity that extends down into the housing from the top and surrounds, and is coaxial with, the first cavity;
a disk shaped metal seal with a second hole through a center of the disk wherein the disk shaped metal seal is located on the first cavity bottom wherein the disk shaped metal seal surrounds and is coaxial with the inner wall;
an isolation member coupled to a sensor and extending down into the first cavity on top of the disk shaped metal seal between the inner wall and outer wall of the first cavity; and
a collar pressed down into the housing and into the second cavity wherein the collar has a third hole that passes through the collar and the sensor extends up into the third hole and wherein the collar crimps the outer wall against the isolation member.

US Pat. No. 10,168,190

ELECTRONIC DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING EXTERNAL ENVIRONMENT INFORMATION

Samsung Electronics Co., ...

1. A mobile device comprising:a sensor configured to measure an environmental factor and obtain first data based on the measured environmental factor;
a communication module configured to receive, from at least one external mobile device, second data obtained by the at least one external mobile device;
a processor configured to generate environment information on an area in which the mobile device is located, calculated from the first data and the received second data; and
an output module configured to display the environment information,
wherein the first data, the second data and the environment information are associated with the same environmental factor including at least one of temperature, humidity, concentration of carbon dioxide, atmospheric pressure, and an ultraviolet index on the area in which the mobile device is located,
wherein the mobile device requests second data from the at least one external mobile device through a provision server, and
wherein the mobile device receives, from the provision server, at least one second data obtained by the at least one external mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,168,189

CONTAMINATION AND DEFECT RESISTANT OPTICAL ENCODER CONFIGURATION FOR PROVIDING DISPLACEMENT SIGNAL HAVING A PLURALITY OF SPATIAL PHASE DETECTORS ARRANGED IN A SPATIAL PHASE SEQUENCE ALONG A DIRECTION TRANSVERSE TO THE MEASURING AXIS

Mitutoyo Corporation, Ka...

1. A contamination and defect resistant optical encoder configuration for providing displacement signals, comprising:an illumination portion that transmits source light to a scale along a source light path;
a scale that extends along a measuring axis direction, the scale comprising a periodic pattern comprising bars that are narrow along the measuring axis direction and elongated along a Y direction perpendicular to the measuring axis direction, and that are arranged periodically along the measuring axis direction, the scale inputting the source light along the source light path and outputting scale light along a scale light path; and
a photodetector configuration that receives a periodic scale light pattern from the scale along a scale light path, the periodic scale light pattern displacing past the photodetector configuration corresponding to a relative displacement between the scale and the photodetector configuration along the measuring axis direction, wherein:
the photodetector configuration comprises a set of N spatial phase detectors arranged in a spatial phase sequence along a direction transverse to the measuring axis, where N is an integer that is at least 6 and the spatial phase sequence comprises two outer spatial phase detectors at a start and end of the sequence along the direction transverse to the measuring axis and an interior group of spatial phase detectors located between the two outer spatial phase detectors;
at least a majority of the respective spatial phase detectors are relatively elongated along the measuring axis direction and relatively narrow along the direction perpendicular to the measuring axis direction, and comprise scale light receptor areas that are spatially periodic along the measuring axis direction and positioned corresponding to a respective spatial phase of that spatial phase detector relative to the periodic scale light pattern, and are configured to provide a respective spatial phase detector signal; and
each spatial phase detector in the interior group is preceded and followed in the spatial phase sequence by spatial phase detectors that have respective spatial phases that are different from that spatial phase detector and different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,168,188

SILICA FIBER MEASUREMENT SYSTEM COMPRISING A BRANCHED OPTICAL FIBER EMBEDDED IN A STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

King Fahd University of P...

1. A silica fiber measurement system with branched optical fibers, comprising:a structural element having a branched optical fiber embedded therein, the branched optical fiber including a primary optical fiber segment and at least one secondary optical fiber segment branching therefrom, wherein the primary optical fiber segment and the at least one secondary optical fiber segment are spliced to one another such that respective cores thereof are in optical communication with one another at a point of branching and wherein the secondary optical fiber is made of silica;
a laser optically coupled with the primary optical fiber segment;
one or more fiber Bragg grating sensors on and in optical communication with the primary optical fiber segment and the at least one secondary optical fiber segment; and
an optical spectral analyzer in communication with the plurality of fiber Bragg grating sensors, the optical spectral analyzer receiving signals generated by the fiber Bragg grating sensors representative of a magnitude of a physical parameter of the structural element.

US Pat. No. 10,168,187

EVALUATION CIRCUIT FOR A CAPACITIVE SENSOR, CAPACITIVE SENSOR, AND ACTUATOR IN A MOTOR VEHICLE

IFM ELECTRONIC GMBH, Ess...

1. Evaluation circuit for a capacitive sensor for detecting a distance, a speed or a position of an object, comprising: a reference capacitance and two measuring capacitances, wherein the reference capacitance and the measuring capacitances are supplied with a square-wave voltage via a resistor and by means of a logic unit a time variable pulse is obtained the duration of which is a measure for the respective measuring capacitance, characterized in that the reference capacitance is connected to the input of a first switching stage and the measuring capacitances are connected to the inputs of further switching stages, wherein at least one of the measuring capacitance is capacitively coupled to an auxiliary electrode, wherein the switching stages are part of the logic unit which is designed so that the reaching of a threshold voltage of the first switching stage determines the switch-on time of an output signal and the reaching of a threshold voltage of a further switching stage determines the switch-off time of the output signal, and wherein the output of the logic unit is connected to the input of an integration stage, wherein a charging capacitor is charged or discharged via the output of the integration stage, wherein the capacitive coupling between the auxiliary electrode and at least one measuring electrode for the formation of at least one of the measuring capacitance is accomplished by an electric field extending outside a sensor assembly comprising the auxiliary and measuring electrodes, such that the capacitive coupling can be influenced by the object, which is structurally located outside the sensor assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,168,185

CIRCUIT BOARDS AND ELECTRONIC PACKAGES WITH EMBEDDED TAMPER-RESPONDENT SENSOR

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of fabricating an electronic circuit comprising:providing a multilayer circuit board;
providing an enclosure mounted to the multilayer circuit board within a groove in the multilayer circuit board; and
providing a tamper-respondent sensor embedded within the multilayer circuit board, the tamper-respondent sensor defining, at least in part, a secure volume associated with the multilayer circuit board, and comprising:
multiple tamper-respondent layers within the multilayer circuit board, the multiple tamper-respondent layers being spaced apart, parallel layers within the multilayer circuit board that facilitate defining the secure volume, at least in part, within the multilayer circuit board, and the multiple tamper-respondent layers comprising:
at least one tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer encircling the secure volume within the multilayer circuit board, a tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer of the at least one tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer comprising one or more conductive trace lines extending horizontally around the tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer within the multilayer circuit board and encircling the secure volume within the multilayer circuit board, wherein the one or more conductive trace lines of the tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer encircling the secure volume within the multilayer circuit board are encircled or intersected by the groove in the multilayer circuit board; and
at least one tamper-respondent mat layer forming a base of the secure volume within the multilayer circuit board, the at least one tamper-respondent picture frame-type layer being disposed over the at least one tamper-respondent mat layer.

US Pat. No. 10,168,184

ANGLE SENSING IN AN OFF-AXIS CONFIGURATION

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A system, comprising:a magnet fixed to a rotatable object,
the rotatable object being positioned to concentrically rotate about an axis; and
a magnetic angle sensor configured to determine a rotation angle of the rotatable object based on a rotating magnetic field produced by the magnet and sensed by the magnetic angle sensor,
the rotating magnetic field having a radial component and a tangential component,
the magnetic angle sensor being positioned at a sensor position having a radial distance from the axis of a least half a magnet radius of the magnet, where,
the magnetic angle sensor being positioned at the sensor position based on an amplitude of the radial component being no more than 10% different than an amplitude of the tangential component at the sensor position having the radial distance from the axis of a least half the magnet radius of the magnet, or
the magnetic angle sensor being positioned at the sensor position based on a gradient magnitude of the radial component being no more than 10% different than a gradient magnitude of the tangential component at the sensor position having the radial distance from the axis of a least half the magnet radius of the magnet.

US Pat. No. 10,168,183

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR DETERMINING FAILURE WITHIN RESOLVER

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

7. A system for determining a failure within a resolver, comprising:a memory configured to store program instructions; and
a controller configured to execute the program instructions, the program instructions when executed configured to:
detect resolver output signals;
calculate an average value and a deviation value of the detected signals;
determine whether the calculated average value and the calculated deviation value is a mono signal average value or greater;
determine whether the calculated average value and the calculated deviation value is a Lissajous value or greater;
determine whether the calculated average value and the calculated deviation value is a mono signal deviation value or greater;
determine a disconnection or a short circuit of the resolver using the calculated average value and deviation values; and
operating a motor, in which the resolver is disposed, to be stopped in response to detecting the disconnection of the resolver and increasing a counter to the deviation value or greater to determine a failure mode.

US Pat. No. 10,168,182

SHAFT ENCODER WITH MAGNETIC SHIELD

1. A shaft encoder arrangement comprising:a rotary position measuring device determining a rotary position of a rotatable body, wherein the measuring device comprises:
at least one magnetic material dimensional scale fastened to the rotatable body; and
at least one sensor device positioned to scan the magnetic material dimensional scale based on magnetic measuring of the magnetic material of the dimensional scale, wherein the sensor device lies at least partially within a space at least partially enclosed by the magnetic material dimensional scale;
a circumferential magnetic shield, wherein the dimensional scale is at least partially enclosed by the circumferential magnetic shield and is nonrotatably mounted on the circumferential magnetic shield; and
an additional shield, wherein the shield is pushed in the additional shield or the shield is pushed over the additional shield and the additional shield is fastened to the shield with the magnetic material dimensional scale to form a torsionally rigid fastened connection.

US Pat. No. 10,168,181

METER READING DEVICE AND SYSTEM

Arnon Maman, Naale (IL) ...

1. A device for reading a meter that includes a display area covered by a display cover, the device comprising:an electronics assembly including an image sensor for capturing an image of the display area of the meter, the image sensor including a lens having a field of view;
a housing including a cover coupled to a base member including an aperture, the base member for communicating with the display cover of the meter, the electronics assembly being retained between the base member and the cover such that the lens is aligned with the aperture; and
a fastening member including a hollow section accommodating a top portion of the cover to pass therethrough, the fastening member further including a mechanism for attaching the fastening member to a portion of the meter so as to maintain the display area of the meter in the field of view of the lens and bring the base member into communication with the display cover.

US Pat. No. 10,168,179

VEHICLE DISPLAY SYSTEM AND METHOD WITH ENHANCED VISION SYSTEM AND SYNTHETIC VISION SYSTEM IMAGE DISPLAY

HONEYWELL INTERNATIONAL I...

1. An aircraft display system for displaying enhanced vision (EV) and synthetic vision (SV) images to an operator associated with an aircraft, comprising:an EV image sensor configured to generate EV images;
an SV database containing information regarding terrain and objects of interest for a travel path of the aircraft as objects of interest data;
an SV image generating unit for generating SV images based on travel of said aircraft and information from said SV database;
a display configured to display images generated by said EV image sensor and said SV image generating unit;
an EV image sensor control unit configured to control a field of view of said EV image sensor, the EV image sensor control unit comprising:
a priority unit coupled to the SV database and configured to determine priority levels for the objects of interest, wherein the priority unit selects a first object of interest for display on the display based on the priority levels and the travel path,
an integrity unit coupled to the SV database and configured to assign integrity levels to the objects of interest, including a first integrity level for the first object of interest, wherein each of the integrity levels is based on a confidence level of the objects of interest data stored in the SV database associated with the respective object of interest, and
a sensor area optimizing unit coupled to the priority unit and the integrity unit and configured to (i) assign an imaging area within the field of view with an area size based on the first integrity level of the first object of interest and (ii) output steering control signals to the EV image sensor based on the assigned imaging area.

US Pat. No. 10,168,178

NAVIGATION DEVICE AND CONTENT OUTPUT CONTROL METHOD THEREOF

SK PLANET CO., LTD., Seo...

1. A navigation device for controlling an output of content, comprising:a position identifier configured to provide position information corresponding to a moving speed of an object and a location of the object;
a communicator configured to receive, via a network, a content from a content server and stop period information corresponding to a stop period at the location of the object from a navigation server, wherein the received content comprises an audio content and a video content;
a memory configured to store the received content;
a speaker configured to output the audio content;
a display configured to output the video content; and
a processor connected with the position identifier, the communicator, the speaker, and the display, the processor configured to:
receive the position information, the stop period information and the content;
identify the moving speed of the object and the location of the object based on the received position information;
identify the stop period corresponding to the identified location from the stop period information;
determine a safety level based on at least one of the identified moving speed of the object, the identified location of the object, or the identified stop period,
when it is determined that the safety level is low, block the received content such that neither the audio content nor the video content is output, wherein the safety level is low at least when the identified moving speed is greater than a predetermined speed;
when it is determined that the safety level is medium, control the received content such that only the audio content is output for a predetermined interval and the video content is not output, wherein the safety level is medium at least when the identified stop period is less than a predetermined amount of time; and
when it is determined that the safety level is high, allow output of both the audio content and the video content, wherein the safety level is high at least when the identified stop period is greater than or equal to the predetermined amount of time.

US Pat. No. 10,168,176

VISUALIZING UNIDIRECTIONAL TRAFFIC INFORMATION

International Business Ma...

1. A computer-implemented method for providing unidirectional traffic flow distributions, comprising:generating a directed graph representing a position of a vehicle and a road network within a predetermined distance of the position of the vehicle, wherein vertices represent decision points along an edge, and edges represent route segments between adjacent vertices;
determining a plurality of travel routes between the position of the vehicle and a destination within the directed graph by estimating a shortest path and at least one index for each edge in the directed graph, wherein each travel route includes one or more edges;
selecting at least one travel route from the plurality of travel routes; and
outputting, on a display device, unidirectional traffic congestion information on a roadmap corresponding to the directed graph, concurrently, for edges included along the plurality of travel routes in a direction of travel of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,174

AUGMENTED REALITY FOR VEHICLE LANE GUIDANCE

1. A method comprising:responsive to determining that environment data fails to indicate that a driver of a vehicle can identify lane lines on a road in front of the vehicle, generating line data by:
retrieving global positioning system (GPS) data that describes a location of the vehicle;
determining a portion of a lane map that corresponds to the GPS data for the location, wherein the lane map describes the lane lines for a geographic area; and
generating the line data based on the portion of the lane map;
generating graphical data based on the line data, wherein the graphical data causes a viewing device to display the lane lines;
providing the graphical data to the viewing device; and
determining based on head position data generated by the viewing device to instruct the viewing device to display a graphical overlay depicting the lane lines, wherein the head position data describes an orientation of the driver and the graphical data is modified based on the head position data so that the lane lines included in the graphical overlay displayed by the viewing device includes only lines that would actually be visible by the driver.

US Pat. No. 10,168,172

NETWORK MAP RECONSTRUCTION FROM MESSAGE DATA

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method, by a processor, for network reconstruction from message data, comprising:constructing a digital map using one or more messages of a plurality of vehicles obtained at a plurality of control points of a route network;
analyzing the digital map to estimate a feasibility of simultaneous trajectories of the plurality of vehicles between selected locations in the route network; and
inferring physical locations of the plurality of control points according to detected stations in the route network, one or more known anchor control points of the detected stations, and estimated travel time between the one or more anchor control points; wherein the digital map is automatically constructed and updated in real-time using the one or more messages by the processor without prior knowledge of the route network and with no manual input from a user.

US Pat. No. 10,168,169

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR CALCULATING DTE WHEN SETTING PATH OF NAVIGATION

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A method for calculating a distance to empty (DTE) when setting a path of navigation, comprising:when a driving path is set through a navigation system, receiving, by a vehicle controller, path search cases from the navigation system;
determining, by the vehicle controller, whether the path search case is a case in which a path is cancelled by a user, a case in which a vehicle arrives at a destination, or a case in which the navigation system searches for the path, among the path search cases;
determining, by the vehicle controller, whether the path search case is a case in which the path is initially set or a case in which the path is reset by the user after initially setting the path, among the path search cases;
when the path search case is not the case in which the path is initially set or is not the case in which the path is reset after initially setting the path, among the path search cases, determining, by the vehicle controller, whether there is a currently guided path;
when the path search case is the case in which the path is initially set, the case in which the path is reset after initially setting the path, or the case in which there is the currently guided path, among the path search cases, calculating, by the vehicle controller, a path reflected DTE through the navigation system; and
calculating, by the vehicle controller, path reflected prediction fuel efficiency using the path reflected DTE calculated in real time, after calculating the path reflected DTE,
wherein the path reflected DTE before the vehicle arrives at the destination is calculated by controlling a reflection ratio of the path reflected prediction fuel efficiency and a learning fuel efficiency as the vehicle drives along the path.

US Pat. No. 10,168,167

PURPOSEFULLY SELECTING LONGER ROUTES TO IMPROVE USER SATISFACTION

VIA TRANSPORTATION, INC.,...

1. An automated ridesharing dispatch system, comprising:a communications interface configured to:
receive ride requests from a plurality of users, wherein each ride request includes a starting point and a desired destination;
receive from a plurality of communication devices associated with a plurality of ridesharing vehicles, indications of current locations of the plurality of ridesharing vehicles;
memory configured to store a plurality of rules including a rule to select a fastest route for guiding a ridesharing vehicle, and a rule for reducing backtracking, even in instances where backtracking would result in shorter travel time; and
at least one processor configured to:
assign the plurality of users to a common ridesharing vehicle;
use the stored plurality of rules to determine a route for the ridesharing vehicle other than the fastest route, the determined route is selected to account for the rule for reducing backtracking and includes a plurality of pick-up and drop-off locations associated with the starting points and desired destinations of the plurality of users;
in order to reduce backtracking, direct the ridesharing vehicle along the determined route other than the fastest route; and
receive real time traffic data and calculate an expected travel-time change associated with users currently riding in the ridesharing vehicle when the ridesharing vehicle is directed along a route with backtracking as compared to a route with reduced backtracking.

US Pat. No. 10,168,166

METHOD AND SYSTEM FOR SEARCHING ROUTE

THINKWARE CORPORATION, S...

1. A route search method implemented with a computer, comprising:displaying a map screen on a screen of an electronic device;
verifying a position selected on the map screen according to a movement event of a user for a user interface region for adding at least one of a departure point, a destination, or a stop or an indication line indicating a previously searched route;
determining a road, corresponding to the verified position, as a new passing road;
searching a route, between the departure point and the destination, including the new passing road; and
displaying a map screen, associated with the searched route, again on the screen of the electronic device,
wherein, on the screen of the electronic device, a user interface in the user interface region for adding, when the user interface is dragged and dropped into a position on the map screen by the movement event, the stop on the dropped position on the map screen is displayed independently of the displayed map screen and the searched route,
wherein the displayed searched route includes the stop added on the dropped position, and
wherein the method further comprises:
displaying a deletion user interface on the screen of the electronic device independently of the displayed map screen and the searched route; and
when the added stop on the searched route is dragged and dropped into the deletion user interface by a movement event of the user, removing the added stop on the searched route, and re-searching a route between the departure point and the destination in which the added stop is not included.

US Pat. No. 10,168,165

DRIVER GUIDANCE FOR GUIDED MANEUVERING

Modular Mining Systems, I...

1. A system, comprising:a position sensor configured to identify a location of a vehicle;
an interface device configured to generate feedback; and
a controller connected to the position sensor and the interface device, the controller being configured to:
identify a destination for the vehicle,
determine a location of the destination, the location of the destination being at least partially determined by a location of a shovel and a loading radius of the shovel,
determine a heading of the destination, the heading of the destination being at least partially determined by an orientation of a bucket of the shovel when the bucket is positioned over the destination,
compare the location of the vehicle to the location of the destination to determine a location difference,
compare a heading of the vehicle to the heading of the destination to determine a heading offset, and
generate feedback on the interface device, wherein the feedback is determined by the location difference and the heading offset.

US Pat. No. 10,168,164

INTEGRATING RIDE HAILING SERVICES INTO A NAVIGATION APPLICATION

Apple Inc., Cupertino, C...

1. A method implemented by a computing device, the computing device comprising a display, one or more processors and a memory device, the method comprising:receiving, by a mapping application running on a computing device, a first user input specifying a route from a start location to a destination location;
presenting, by the mapping application, the route and a ride hailing transportation option corresponding to a ride hailing service on the display of the computing device;
receiving, by the mapping application, a second user input selecting the ride hailing transportation option;
invoking, by the mapping application, a ride hailing extension corresponding to a ride hailing application of the ride hailing service, where the mapping application remains on the display of the computing device; and
reserving, by the mapping application, via the ride hailing extension, a ride with the ride hailing service without displaying the ride hailing application on the display.

US Pat. No. 10,168,162

NAVIGATION APPARATUS AND MAPPING SYSTEM USING PERSONAL CONTACTS

Uber Technologies, Inc., ...

1. A navigation apparatus comprising:a route guidance information generator, operable on a computing device, configured to receive a plurality of personal contacts from a personal contacts database in the memory of a remote device, the personal contacts database storing a plurality of contact identifiers, corresponding location information for each one of the plurality of contact identifiers, and corresponding contact information for each one of the plurality of contact identifiers, the contact information comprising at least one of a phone number and an e-mail address, each one of the personal contacts received from the personal contacts database comprising one or more of:
the corresponding identifier for the one of the personal contacts; and
the corresponding location information for the one of the personal contacts,
the route guidance information generator being further configured to generate and store, in a computer memory of the computing device, route guidance information for each one of the plurality of personal contacts to be used for route guidance for routes that traverse near each personal contact, and
the route guidance information generator being further configured to generate route guidance information based on route guidance criteria, the route guidance information comprising at least one of the plurality of personal contacts, the route guidance information generator being configured to select the at least one of the plurality of contacts based on at least one rating for suitability for route guidance associated with the at least one of the plurality of contacts, the at least one rating having been input by a user or users of the navigation apparatus and stored in a database in association with the at least one of the plurality of contacts.

US Pat. No. 10,168,161

CHANGING A POSITION DETERMINATION SCHEME USED BY A USER EQUIPMENT DURING A TRANSITION BETWEEN INDOOR AND OUTDOOR SPACES RELATIVE TO AN ENCLOSED ENVIRONMENT

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. A method of operating a user equipment (UE), comprising:obtaining, by the UE, transition region information that characterizes a set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions between an indoor space and an outdoor space relative to a given enclosed environment and a set of outdoor-to-indoor transition regions between the indoor space and the outdoor space relative to the given enclosed environment that is separate from the set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions, wherein the set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions is defined based on measurements that indicate an availability of an indoor positioning scheme based on a first wireless technology, wherein the set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions includes a plurality of non-overlapping indoor-to-outdoor transition regions and the set of outdoor-to-indoor transition regions includes a plurality of non-overlapping outdoor-to-indoor transition regions, wherein each non-overlapping indoor-to-outdoor transition region includes and/or is in proximity to a different point of exit out of the given enclosed environment, wherein each non-overlapping outdoor-to-indoor transition region includes and/or is in proximity to a different point of entry into the given enclosed environment, and wherein at least one of the different points of exit is the same as at least one of the different points of entry;
tracking, by the UE, a location of the UE using the indoor positioning scheme while the UE is operating within the indoor space;
detecting, by the UE based on the location tracking using the indoor positioning scheme, that the UE has entered into a given indoor-to-outdoor transition region from the set of indoor-to-outdoor transition regions; and
initiating, by the UE, location tracking of the UE using an outdoor positioning scheme based on a second wireless technology that is different from the first wireless technology in response to the detection.

US Pat. No. 10,168,160

TARGET RECOGNITION AND LOCALIZATION METHODS USING A LASER SENSOR FOR WHEELED MOBILE ROBOTS

Honda Motor Co., Ltd., T...

1. A mobile robot target system, comprising:a mobile robot; and
a laser scanner operably connected to the mobile robot, wherein the laser scanner includes a laser sensor that is mounted on a rotary actuator of the mobile robot and unilaterally scans an area around the mobile robot to detect a target, wherein the mobile robot is localized based on the detection of the target by the laser sensor, wherein detecting the target includes detecting edges on the target and recognizing a pattern of the target based on the scanning by the laser sensor, wherein the target is detected by distance measurements performed by the laser sensor scanning a surface of the target unilaterally with a laser beam, and based on uniquely combined depth variations.

US Pat. No. 10,168,159

MAGNETOMETER ARRAYS FOR INERTIAL NAVIGATION, MAPPING, AND DRIFT COMPENSATION

Microsoft Technology Lice...

1. A system, comprising:a magnetometer array of at least three magnetometers arranged in a fixed configuration in which the magnetometers are spaced apart from one another; and
one or more circuits being programmed or configured to:
receive magnetic field vector values from each of the magnetometers in the magnetometer array; and
compute Jacobian matrix values from the received magnetic field vector values.

US Pat. No. 10,168,157

SMOOTHED NAVIGATION SOLUTION USING FILTERED RESETS

Honeywell International I...

1. A navigation system comprising:at least one inertial sensor configured to detect motion of the system and generate inertial data;
at least one aiding device configured to generate aiding device measurement data;
at least one processing unit configured to generate an un-smoothed navigation solution based on the inertial data and the aiding device measurement data, the un-smoothed navigation solution inclusive of state variable error resets for a state variable;
wherein the at least one processing unit is further configured to sum the state variable error resets for the state variable into a cumulative sum of the state variable error resets for the state variable;
wherein the at least one processing unit is further configured to high pass filter the cumulative sum of the state variable error resets for the state variable; and
wherein the at least one processing unit is further configured to subtract the high pass filtered cumulative sum of the state variable error resets for the state variable from the un-smoothed navigation solution to generate a smoothed navigation solution.

US Pat. No. 10,168,156

ORIENT A MOBILE DEVICE COORDINATE SYSTEM TO A VEHICULAR COORDINATE SYSTEM

International Business Ma...

1. A method implemented by a mobile device that includes a processor, a gyroscope, a gravity sensor, and a memory each accessible by the processor, the method comprising:identifying, at the mobile device that is moving with a vehicle, when a rotation of the gyroscope is at a near-zero moment;
computing, by the mobile device, a primary eigenvector based on a set of computed acceleration values of the vehicle;
detecting, at the mobile device, an acceleration as being on a plane that is near-perpendicular with a gravity sensed by the gravity sensor;
determining a direction of the vehicle based on the primary eigenvector as being parallel to a direction of the detected acceleration; and
aligning a coordinate system used in the mobile device with a different coordinate system of the vehicle based on the determined direction of the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,168,152

USING PHOTOGRAMMETRY TO AID IDENTIFICATION AND ASSEMBLY OF PRODUCT PARTS

International Business Ma...

7. A system for aiding a user in identifying an unidentified part of a plurality of parts to be included in an assembly of a product, the system comprising:a memory;
a processor in communication with the memory, the processor configured to perform a method comprising:
obtaining a plurality of images of the unidentified part of the product captured by the user on a mobile device camera;
determining, based on the plurality of images of the unidentified part, lengths of dimensions of the unidentified part;
generating, based on the plurality of images of the unidentified part, a three-dimensional model of the unidentified part;
obtaining an identifier of the product, wherein the product identifier is selected by the user on the mobile device;
selecting, based on the obtained product identifier and from a product database containing information about different parts included in a plurality of different products, the plurality of parts from among the different parts;
obtaining, based on the selection and from the product database, lengths of dimensions of the plurality of parts;
comparing the lengths of dimensions of the unidentified part to the lengths of the corresponding dimensions of the plurality of parts;
identifying, based on the compared lengths, a subset of the plurality of parts that have dimension lengths within a threshold of the corresponding dimension lengths of the unidentified part;
obtaining, based on the identification of the subset and from the product database, a three-dimensional model of each part within the subset of the plurality of parts;
comparing, for each part within the subset, the three-dimensional model of the unidentified part to the three-dimensional model of that part within the subset by overlaying the three-dimensional model of that part within the subset onto the three-dimensional model of the unidentified part;
determining, based on the compared models, an identify of the unidentified part; and notifying the user of the identity of the unidentified part.

US Pat. No. 10,168,151

GEARBOX ORIENTATION SYSTEM

1. A gearbox orientation system comprising:at least one sensor for measuring sensed data of a gearbox;
at least one microcontroller in communication with the at least one sensor for determining indicator data using the sensed data;
at least one indicator in communication with the at least one microcontroller for providing indications using the indicator data; and
at least one housing including an indicator and an internal port for pairing a wireless transmitter and a wireless receiver,
wherein the wireless transmitter is in communication with the at least one microcontroller for transmitting the indicator data, and
wherein the wireless receiver is in communication with the at least one indicator for receiving the indicator data.