US Pat. No. 10,392,451

LIGAND COMPOUND, ORGANIC CHROMIUM COMPOUND, CATALYST SYSTEM FOR OLEFIN OLIGOMERIZATION, AND METHOD FOR OLIGOMERIZING OLEFINS USING THE SAME THEREOF

LG Chem, Ltd., Seoul (KR...

1. A ligand compound containing at least one group represented by Chemical Formula 1 in a molecule:
wherein, in Chemical Formula 1,
* means that the group represented by Chemical Formula 1 is a radical,
A is boron (B), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) or antimony (Sb),
each X is independently phosphorus (P), arsenic (As), or antimony (Sb),
R1 to R4 are each independently an aryl group having 6 to 20 carbon atoms in which at least one substituent is substituted or bonded at the meta or para position of the aryl group, wherein the at least one substituent is selected from the group consisting of an alkyl group, an alkoxy group, an alkylsulfanyl group and an alkylsilyl group.

US Pat. No. 10,392,450

PROCESS FOR ADDING A CHAIN SHUTTLING AGENT

Dow Global Technologies L...

1. A process for the polymerization of one or more polymerizable C2 to C10 alpha-olefin monomers to form a block copolymer comprising two or more regions or segments of differentiated polymer composition or properties, the process comprising:(A) feeding a first mixture that includes a chain shuttling agent, a solvent, the one or more C2 to C10 alpha-olefin polymerizable monomers, and optionally hydrogen into a first reactor or reactor zone;
(B) feeding a second mixture that includes at least one olefin polymerization catalyst and at least one cocatalyst into the first reactor or reactor zone, the second mixture being separate from the first mixture prior to entering the first reactor or reactor zone;
(C) contacting the first mixture and the second mixture under polymerization conditions in the first reactor or reactor zone to form a reaction mixture that is characterized by the formation of polymer chains from the one or more polymerizable C2 to C10 alpha-olefin monomers;
(D) optionally providing the reaction mixture to a second reactor or reactor zone and optionally adding one or more additional solvents, polymerizable C2 to C10 alpha-olefin monomers, and/or catalysts; and
(E) allowing polymerization to occur in at least one of the first reactor or reactor zone and the second reactor or reactor zone to form polymer chains that are differentiated from the polymer chains formed in (C), such that the resultant polymer molecules comprise two or more chemically or physically distinguishable blocks,
wherein the first mixture has a flow rate in pounds per hour into the first reactor or reactor zone that is from 95 times to 1,000,000 times greater than the flow rate in pounds per hour of the second mixture into the first reactor or reactor zone.

US Pat. No. 10,392,421

CYTOTOXIC PEPTIDES AND CONJUGATES THEREOF

Novartis AG, Basel (CH)

1. An immunoconjugate of Formula (III):wherein:Ab represents an antigen binding moiety;
L is selected from -L1 L2L3L4L5L6-, -L6L5L4L3L2L1-, -L1 L2L3L4L5-, -L5L4L3L2L1-, -L1L2L3L4-, -L4L3L2L1- -L1L2L3-, -L3 L2 L1-, -L1L2-, -L2L1- and -L1,
wherein
L1 is selected from —(CH2)m—, —C(?O)(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2C(?O)(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2C(?O)(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2C(?O)(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2C(?O)((CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2C(?O)((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2C(?O)((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2C(?O)((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2C(?O)(CH2)mNR12C(?O)((CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2C(?O)(CH2)mNR12C(?O)((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2((CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2(CH2)mNR12((CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1X2C(?O)(CH2)mNR12((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —C(?O)((CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mS(?O)2((CH2)mOn(CH2)m—, —C(?O)(CH2)mNR12(CH2)m—, —C(?O)NR12(CH2)m—, —C(?O)NR12(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —C(?O)NH(CH2)mNR12C(?O)X2X2C(?O)(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1C(?O)NR12(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —C(?O)X1C(?O)NR12(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —C(?O)NR12(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —C(?O)NR12(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—,

 —(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mC(?O)—, —(CH2)mC(?O)X2X1C(?O)—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mC(?O)X2X1C(?O)—, —(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nC(?O)—, —(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nS(?O)2(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mNR12(CH2)mC(?O)—, —(CH2)mNR12C(?O)—, —(CH2)mC(?O)X2X1C(?O)NR12(CH2)mNHC(?O)—, —(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)mNR12C(?O)X1—, —(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)mNR12C(?O)—,

 -((CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)n-, —(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3((CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mC(?O)—, —C(?O)(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nC(?O)—, —C(?O)((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)mC(?O)—, —C(?O)(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —C(?O)(CH2)mNR12C(?O)O(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mOC(?O)NR12(CH2)mC(?O)—, —S(?O)2(CH2)mNR12C(?O)O(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mOC(?O)NR12(CH2)mS(?O)2—, —(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nC(?O)—, —C(?O)((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —C(?O)NR12(CH2)mNR12C(?O)—, —(CH2)mS(CH2)m—, —NR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —NR12C(?O)(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mC(?O)NR12—, —(CH2)mC(?O)NR12—, —(CH2)mNR12(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)n-, —NR12(CH2)m—, —NR12C(R12)2(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mC(R12)2NR12—, —(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)mNR12—, —NR12(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —NR12C(R12)2(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)mC(R12)2NR12—, —NR12(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —NR12C(R12)2(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mC(R12)2NR12—, —NR12C(R12)2(CH2)mOC(?O)NR12(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mNR12C(?O)O(CH2)mC(R12)2NR12—, —NR12C(R12)2(CH2)mOC(?O)NR12(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —NR12(CH2)mO)n(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nNR12—, —NR12(CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nNR12—, —NR12(CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mNR12C(?O)O(CH2)mC(R12)2NR12—, —NR12C(R12)2(CH2)mOC(?O)NR12((CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nNR12C(?O)O(CH2)mC(R12)2NR12—, —NR12C(R12)2(CH2)mOC(?O)NR12((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nNR12C(?O)O(CH2)mC(R12)2NR12—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mNR12—, —NR12((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nNR12—, —(CH2)mNR12—, —NR12((CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —NR12((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nNR12—, —(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nNR12—, —(C(R12)2)m—, —(CH2CH2O)n—, —(OCH2CH2)n—, —(CH2)mO(CH2)m—, —S(?O)2(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mS(?O)2—, —S(?O)2(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)mS(?O)2—, —S(?O)2(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mS(?O)2—, —(CH2)mX2X1C(?O)—, —C(?O)X2X1(CH2)m—, —(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nC(?O)X2X1C(?O)—, —C(?O)X1X2C(?O)( (CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nX2X1C(?O)—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mX2X1C(?O)—, —C(?O)X2X1(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nX2X1C(?O)—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)mNR12C(?O)—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)mC(?O)—, —C(?O)(CH2)mNR12C(?O(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mC(?O)NR12(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nC(?O)—, —C(?O)((CH2)mO)n(CH2)mNR12C(?O)(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mNR12C(?O)X1X2C(?O)(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mC(?O)X2X1C(?O)NR12(CH2)m—, —X4X1X2C(?O)(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mC(?O)X2X1X4—, —X1C(?O)(CH2)mNHC(?O)(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mC(?O)NH(CH2)mC(?O)X1—, —C(?O)CHRaaNR12—, —CHRaaC(?O)—, —C(?O)NR12—, —C(?O)O—, —S—, —SCH2(C?O)NR12—, —NR12C(?O)CH2S—, —S(?O)2CH2CH2S—, —SCH2CH2S(?O)2—, —(CH2)2S(?O)2CH2CH2S—, —SCH2CH2S(?O)2CH2CH2—, —NR12C(?S)—, —(CH2)mX3(O(CH2)m)nC(?O)—, —C(?O)((CH2)mO)nX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mNR12C(?O)((CH2)mO)n(CH2)m—, —(CH2)m(O(CH2)m)nC(?O)NR12(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mNR12C(?O)NR12(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mNR12C(?O)—, —C(?O)NR12(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —NR12S(?O)2(CH2)mX3(CH2)m—, —(CH2)mX3(CH2)mS(?O)2NR12—,

R20 is H or Me, and R30 is H, —CH3 or phenyl;
R21 is

each R25 is independently selected from H or C1-4 alkyl;
Raa is a side chain of an amino acid selected from glycine, alanine, tryptophan, tyrosine, phenylalanine, leucine, isoleucine, valine, asparagine, glutamic acid, glutamine, aspatic acid, histidine, arginine, lysine, cysteine, methionine, serine, threonine, phenylglycine and t-butylglycine;
R32 is independently selected from H, C1-4 alkyl, phenyl, pyrimidine and pyridine;
R33 is independently selected from

R34 is independently selected from H, C1-4 alkyl, and C1-6 haloalkyl;
X1 is self immolative spacer selected from

X2 is dipeptide selected from

X3 is

 and
X4 is

and L2, L3, L4, L5, and L6 are each independently selected from a bond and L1;
y is an integer from 1 to 16;
R1 is a 6 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1-2 N heteroatoms and a C1-C2alkylene bridge, wherein the 6 membered heterocycloalkyl is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from R5 and R6;
or R1 is a 5-8 membered fused bicyclic heterocycloalkyl containing 1-2 N heteroatoms, wherein the 5-8 membered fused bicyclic heterocycloalkyl is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from R5 and R6;
R2 is —C1-C6alkyl;
R3 is

R5 is C 1-C6alkyl, —C(?O)R11, —(CH2)mOH, —C(?O)(CH2)mOH,—C(?O)((CH2)mO)nR12, —((CH2)mO)nR12, or C1-C6alkyl which is optionally substituted with —CN, —C(?O)NH2 or 1 to 5 hydroxyl;
R6 is halo, oxo, OH, C1-C6alkyl, —N(R14)2, —R16 and —NR12C(?O)R11;
R11 is C1-C6alkyly or C1-C6alkyl which is optionally substituted with 1 to 5 hydroxyl;
each R12 is independently selected from H and C1-C6alkyly;
each R14 is independently selected from H and C1-C6alkyly;
R16 is an N-linked 4-8 membered heterocycloalkyl containing 1-2 heteroatoms independently selected from N and O;
R17 is a bond, —NH—, —NHS(?O)2—,

R18 is a bond,

R19 is H or C1-C6alkyly ;
each m is independently selected from 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 and 10,
and
each n is independently selected from 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16,17 and 18.

US Pat. No. 10,392,414

SYNTHESES, ACTIVITIES, AND METHODS OF USE OF DIHYDRONICOTINAMIDE RIBOSIDE DERIVATIVES

CORNELL UNIVERSITY, Itha...

1. A compound of formula (I):
wherein R1, R2, and R3 are independently selected from hydrogen, formyl, optionally substituted C1-C12 alkylcarbonyl, and optionally substituted C6-C10 arylcarbonyl,
X is NHR4 or NR4R5,
R4 and R5 are independently optionally substituted C1-C12 alkyl or optionally substituted C6-C10 aryl, and
wherein the alkyl or aryl portion of R4 and R5 is optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from halo, amino, alkyl, alkoxy, aryloxy, hydroxyalkyl, and any combination thereof,
or a salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,392,413

SUBSTITUTED 4-PHENYL PYRIDINE COMPOUNDS AS NON-SYSTEMIC TGR5 AGONISTS

ARDELYX, INC., Fremont, ...

1. A compound of Formula (I?):
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt, hydrate, solvate, prodrug, stereoisomer, or tautomer thereof,
wherein:
Q is C?(O), —CH2—, —NR5— or —O—;
when Q is C?(O) then Q1 is —NR5—, when Q is —NR5— or —O— then Q1 is —CH2—, or when Q is —CH2— then Q1 is —O(CH2)0-1— or —NR5—;
X1 is CR6 or N;
X2 is CR7 or N;
X3 is CR8 or N;
X4 is CR9 or N;
Y is CRb or N;
Ra and Rb are each independently H, (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6) haloalkyl, (C1-C6) haloalkoxy, or halogen;
R1 is H, (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6) haloalkyl, (C1-C6) haloalkoxy, halogen, —S(O)p(C1-C6) alkyl, (C3-C8) cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, —O—(C3-C8) cycloalkyl, or —O-heterocycloalkyl, wherein the alkyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, and heterocycloalkyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, (C1-C4) alkoxy, —OH, —NH2, —NH(C1-C4) alkyl, and —N((C1-C4) alkyl)2; or
R1 and Ra together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached form a heterocycloalkyl; or
R1 and R3, when on adjacent atoms, together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached form a heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6) haloalkyl, (C1-C6) haloalkoxy, and halogen;
R2 is (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6) haloalkyl, or (C1-C6) haloalkoxy;
R2? is H, (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6) haloalkyl, or (C1-C6) haloalkoxy; or
R2 and R2? together with the carbon atom to which they are attached form a (C3-C8) cycloalkyl or heterocycloalkyl;
each R3 is independently, at each occurrence, (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6) haloalkyl, (C1-C6) haloalkoxy, halogen, —S(O)p(C1-C6) alkyl, (C3-C8) cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, —O—(C3-C8) cycloalkyl, or —O-heterocycloalkyl, wherein the alkyl, alkoxy, cycloalkyl, and heterocycloalkyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of halogen, (C1-C4) alkoxy, —OH, —NH2, —NH(C1-C4) alkyl, and —N((C1-C4) alkyl)2; or
R1 and R3 together with the carbon atoms to which they are attached form a heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6) haloalkyl, (C1-C6) haloalkoxy, and halogen;
R4 is H, (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6) haloalkyl, (C1-C6) haloalkoxy, (C1-C6) hydroxyalkyl, (C1-C6) aminoalkyl, halogen, (C3-C8) cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, —OH, —NH2, CN, —S(O)m(C1-C6) alkyl, —NH(C1-C4) alkyl, or —N((C1-C4) alkyl)2;
each R5 is independently H, (C1-C6) alkyl, —C(O)NR10R11, —C(O)(C1-C6) alkyl, or —C(O)O(C1-C6) alkyl;
each R6 and R9 is independently H, (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6) haloalkyl, (C1-C6) haloalkoxy, (C1-C6) hydroxyalkyl, (C1-C6) aminoalkyl, halogen, (C3-C8) cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, —OH, —NH2, CN, —S(O)o(C1-C6) alkyl, —NH(C1-C4) alkyl, or —N((C1-C4) alkyl)2;
each R7 and R8 is independently H, (C1-C8) alkenyl, (C1-C8) alkynyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6) haloalkyl, (C1-C6) haloalkoxy, (C1-C6) hydroxyalkyl, (C1-C6) aminoalkyl, halogen, (C3-C8) cycloalkyl, (C3-C8) cycloalkenyl, heterocycloalkyl, —OH, —NH2, —S(O)qNH2, —S(O)qOH, CN, or (C1-C18) alkyl, wherein 0 to 7 methylene of the (C1-C18) alkyl is optionally replaced by a moiety selected from the group consisting of —O—, —NR13—, —S(O)q—, —C(O)—, —C(CH2)—, or —C(NH)—, provided that when any two methylene in the alkyl is replaced, then two —O—, two —S(O)q—, or two —NR13— and —O— and —NR13— are not contiguous, wherein the alkyl is optionally substituted with one or more R12, and wherein the cycloalkyl and cycloalkenyl are optionally substituted with one or more R13;
R10 and R11 are each independently H or (C1-C6) alkyl optionally substituted with one or more substituent independently selected from the group consisting of —NH2 and OH;
R12 is D, —OH, halogen, —NH2, —NH(C1-C6) alkyl, —N((C1-C6) alkyl)2, —C(O)OH, —OC(O)(C1-C6) alkyl, (C3-C8) cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, (C6-C10) aryl, heteroaryl, or R17, wherein the cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, aryl, and heteroaryl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of —OH, —NH2, —NH(C1-C6) alkyl, —N((C1-C6) alkyl)2, halogen, and R14;
R13 is H, —OH, (C3-C8) cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, (C6-C10) aryl, heteroaryl, or (C1-C12) alkyl, wherein 0 to 7 methylene of the (C1-C12) alkyl is optionally replaced by a moiety selected from the group consisting of —O—, —NR13—, —S(O)r—, —C(O)—, or —C(NH)—, provided that a when any two methylene in the alkyl is replaced, then O and N are not contiguous and wherein the alkyl is optionally substituted with one or more R15, and wherein the cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, aryl, and heteroaryl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of —OH, —C(O)OH, —NH2, —NH(C1-C6) alkyl, and —N((C1-C6) alkyl)2;
R14 is (C3-C8) cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, —O—(C3-C8) cycloalkyl, —O-heterocycloalkyl, (C1-C12) alkyl or (C2-C12) alkenyl, wherein 0 to 7 methylene of the (C1-C12) alkyl and the (C2-C12) alkenyl are optionally replaced by a moiety selected from the group consisting of —O—, —NR13—, —S(O)r—, —C(O)—, or —C(NH)—, provided that a when any two methylene in the alkyl or alkenyl is replaced, then O and N are not contiguous and wherein the alkyl and alkenyl are optionally substituted with one or more R15, and the cycloalkyl and heterocycloalkyl are optionally substituted with one or more R16; or
when R12 is cycloalkyl or heterocycloalkyl, two R14 together with the atom to which they are attached form C?(O); or when R12 is cycloalkyl or heterocycloalkyl, two R14 together with the atoms to which they are attached form a (C3-C8) cycloalkyl or heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted with one or more R13; or when R12 is cycloalkyl or heterocycloalkyl, two R14 together with the atom to which they are attached form a (C3-C8) spirocycloalkyl or a spiroheterocycloalkyl optionally substituted with one or more R13; or when R12 is cycloalkyl or heterocycloalkyl, two R14 together with the atom to which they are attached form a (C6-C10) aryl or heteroaryl optionally substituted with one or more R13;
R15 is —OH, —NH2, —NH(C1-C6) alkyl, —N((C1-C6) alkyl)2, (C3-C8) cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, (C6-C10) aryl or heteroaryl, wherein the (C3-C8) cycloalkyl and heterocycloalkyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of (C1-C6) hydroxyalkyl, (C1-C6) aminoalkyl, —C(O)OH, —OH, —NH2, —NH(C1-C6) alkyl, —N((C1-C6) alkyl)2, and oxo;
R16 is —OH, —C(O)OH, —NH2, —NH(C1-C6) alkyl, —N((C1-C6) alkyl)2, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6) hydroxyalkyl, (C3-C8) cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, —O—(C3-C8) cycloalkyl, —O-heterocycloalkyl, (C6-C10) aryl or heteroaryl, wherein the (C3-C8) cycloalkyl and heterocycloalkyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents selected from the group consisting of (C1-C6) hydroxyalkyl, (C1-C6) aminoalkyl, —C(O)OH, —OH, —NH2, —NH(C1-C6) alkyl, —N((C1-C6) alkyl)2, and oxo;
R17 is (C1-C18) alkyl or (C2-C18) alkenyl, wherein 0 to 8 methylene of the (C1-C18) alkyl and the (C2-C18) alkenyl are optionally replaced by a moiety selected from the group consisting of —O—, —NR13—, —S(O)r—, —C(O)—, or —C(NH)—, provided that a when any two methylene in the alkyl or alkenyl is replaced, then O and N are not contiguous and wherein the alkyl and alkenyl are optionally substituted with one or more R18;
R18 is R19, (C6-C10) aryl, or heteroaryl optionally substituted with one or more R21;
R19 is (C1-C18) alkyl wherein 0 to 8 methylene of the (C1-C18) alkyl is optionally replaced by a moiety selected from the group consisting of —O—, —NR13—, —S(O)r—, —C(O)—, or —C(NH)—, provided that a when any two methylene in the alkyl or alkenyl is replaced, then O and N are not contiguous and wherein the alkyl is optionally substituted with one or more R20;
R20 is (C6-C10) aryl or heteroaryl optionally substituted with one or more R21;
R21 is H, (C1-C6) alkyl, (C1-C6) alkoxy, (C1-C6) haloalkyl, (C1-C6) haloalkoxy, or halogen; or
two R21 together when on adjacent atoms form a cycloalkyl or heterocycloalkyl optionally substituted with one or more R22,
R22 is —C(O)NH2, —C(O)NH(C1-C6) alkyl, —C(O)N((C1-C6) alkyl)2, —C(O) (C3-C7) cycloalkyl, or —C(O)heterocycloalkyl, wherein the cycloalkyl and heterocycloalkyl are optionally substituted with one or more substituents independently selected from the group consisting of —OH and CN;
each m, o, p, q, and r is independently, at each occurrence, 0, 1, or 2; and
n is 0, 1, or 2.

US Pat. No. 10,392,407

METHODS OF PREPARING CYTOTOXIC BENZODIAZEPINE DERIVATIVES

IMMUNOGEN, INC., Waltham...

1. A method of preparing a compound of formula (3a),
or a salt thereof, said method comprising the steps of:
(i) introducing an alcohol protecting group onto one of the primary alcohols of a compound of formula (1a) by reacting the compound of formula (1a) with an alcohol protecting reagent,

to form a compound of formula (2a),

or a salt thereof, and
(ii) reacting a halogenating reagent, a sulfonating reagent or an esterification reagent with the compound of formula (2a),
wherein P1 is an alcohol protecting group; X1 is a leaving group selected from the group consisting of: —Br, —I, —Cl, a sulfonate ester, and an activated ester; and R101 is (C1-C3)alkyl, pyridyl, or nitropyridyl.

US Pat. No. 10,392,404

COMPOUNDS AND COMPOSITIONS AS KINASE INHIBITORS

Novartis AG, Basel (CH)

1. A compound of formula I or II:
in which:
L is selected from —NHC(O)— and —C(O)NH—;
Y1 is selected from N and CH;
R1 is selected from H, halo, isopropyl, methyl-sulfonyl, OR6, NR5R6, methoxy-ethoxy, 2-oxa-5-azabicyclo [2.2.1]heptan-5-yl, 3-oxa-8-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-8-yl, 8-oxa-3-azabicyclo[3.2.1]octan-3-yl, 2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridin-4-yl, tetrahydro-2H-pyranyl, 4-oxopyridin-1(4H)-yl, pyrazolyl, pyridazinyl and azetidinyl; wherein said azetidinyl, pyrazolyl or 2-oxo-1,2-dihydropyridin-4-yl is unsubstituted or substituted with 1 to 3 groups independently selected from methyl and hydroxy;
R2 is selected from H and methyl;
R3 is selected from H, methyl and amino;
R4 is selected from:

wherein

 indicates the point of attachment with L;
R5 is selected from H and methyl;
R6 is selected from H and methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, cyclopropyl, methoxy, hydroxy-ethyl, methoxy-ethyl, tetrahydro-2H-pyranyl, pyridinyl, tetrahydrofuranyl and oxetanyl; or R5 and R6, together with the nitrogen to which R5 and R6 are attached form a group selected from morpholino, 2-oxopyridin-1(2H)-yl, 1,1-dioxidothiomorpholino, piperazinyl, pyrrolidinyl, imidazolyl and pyrazolyl; wherein said morpholino, pyrazolyl or imidazolyl can be unsubstituted or substituted with 1 to 2 methyl groups;
R7 is selected from H, methyl, —CF3, —C(CH3)2CN, —C(CH3)2OH, —C(CH3)2F, —CF2CH3, —CF2H, isopropyl, cyclopropyl and methyl-sulfonyl; wherein said cyclopropyl is unsubstituted or substituted with cyano;
R8 is selected from H, methyl, ethyl, isopropyl, —C(CH3)2OH and —C(CH3)2NH2;
R9 is selected from H and ethyl; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,392,400

PALLADIUM-MEDIATED KETOLIZATION

President and Fellows of ...

1. A compound of Formula (H-1):
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:
RP5, RP6, and RP7 are independently hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, or an oxygen protecting group;
each instance of R4 is independently hydrogen, halogen, or optionally substituted alkyl, or two R4 groups are taken together to form:

each instance of R6 is independently hydrogen, halogen, or optionally substituted alkyl, or two R6 groups are taken together to form:

R5, R8, R9, and R10 are independently hydrogen, halogen, or optionally substituted alkyl;
RX is hydrogen or —ORXa, wherein RXa is hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, or an oxygen protecting group; and
RY is hydrogen or —ORYa, wherein RYa is hydrogen, optionally substituted alkyl, or an oxygen protecting group;
optionally wherein RXa and RYa are joined together with the intervening atoms to form optionally substituted heterocyclyl;
optionally wherein RP5 and RP6 are joined together with the intervening atoms to form optionally substituted heterocyclyl; or
optionally wherein RP6 and RP7 are joined together with the intervening atoms to form optionally substituted heterocyclyl.

US Pat. No. 10,392,394

ANTIMICROBIAL COMPOUNDS AND METHODS

Board of Supervisors of L...

1. A compound having the structure:
wherein R and R? may be the same or different; and R and R? are independently selected from the group consisting of R1, R2, R3, R4, R5, and R6:

wherein m is an integer from 1 to 30;
wherein n is an integer from 0 to 20;
wherein A is A1:

wherein X is selected from the group consisting of F, Cl, Br, I, CF3SO3 (triflate), acetate, and gluconate;
wherein Y is hydrogen or an unsubstituted aliphatic group containing 1 to 6 carbons, and wherein the various Y groups may be the same or different;
wherein Z is selected from the group consisting of one hydrogen atom, two hydrogen atoms, and an unsubstituted aliphatic group containing 1 to 6 carbons;
wherein R1 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, an unsubstituted aliphatic group containing 1 to 18 carbons, benzyl, and a cyclic aliphatic or aromatic group containing 5 to 18 carbons; wherein, for clarity, it is noted that R1 and R1 are different; and
wherein L is selected from the group consisting of L3, L4, L5, L6, L7, L8, L9, L10, and L11:

US Pat. No. 10,392,393

PYRROLOBENZODIAZEPINES

Medimmune Limited, Cambr...

1. A compound with the formula I:
wherein:
R2 is of formula II?:

where A is a C5-7 aryl group, X is selected from the group consisting of: OH, SH, CO2H, COH, N?C?O, NHNH2, CONHNH2,

 and NHRN, wherein RN is selected from H and C1-4 alkyl, and either:
(i) Q1 is a single bond, and Q2 is selected from a single bond and —Z—(CH2)n—, where Z is selected from a single bond, O, S and NH and n is from 1 to 3; or
(ii) Q1 is —CH?CH—, and Q2 is a single bond;
R12 is selected from the group consisting of ?CH2, ?CHRD1 and ?CRD1RD2, where RD1 and RD2 are independently selected from R, CO2R, COR, CHO, CO2H, and halo;
R6 and R9 are independently selected from the group consisting of: H, R, OH, OR, SH, SR, NH2, NHR, NRR?, nitro, Me3Sn and halo;
R7 is selected from the group consisting of: H, R, OH, OR, SH, SR, NH2, NHR, NHRR?, nitro, Me3Sn and halo;
where R and R? are independently selected from optionally substituted C1-12 alkyl, C3-20 heterocyclyl and C5-20 aryl groups;
either:
(a) R10 is H, and R11 is OH, ORA, where RA is C1-4 alkyl;
(b) R10 and R11 form a nitrogen-carbon double bond between the nitrogen and carbon atoms to which they are bound; or
(c) R10 is H and R11 is SOzM, where z is 2 or 3 and M is a monovalent pharmaceutically acceptable cation;
R? is a C3-12 alkylene group, which chain is optionally interrupted by one or more heteroatoms, and/or aromatic rings;
Y and Y? are independently selected from the group consisting of O, S, and NH;
R6?, R7?, R9? are selected from the same groups as R6, R7 and R9 respectively and R10? and R11? are the same as R10 and R11, wherein if R11 and R11? are SOZM, M may represent a divalent pharmaceutically acceptable cation.

US Pat. No. 10,392,386

JAK INHIBITORS CONTAINING A 4-MEMBERED HETEROCYCLIC AMIDE

1. A method of treating an inflammatory or fibrotic respiratory disease in a mammal, the method comprising administering to the mammal a pharmaceutical composition comprising a compound of formula (I):wherein:R1 is selected from hydrogen, C1-3alkyl, and C3-6cycloalkyl, and X is —C(O)R2
wherein
R2 is —NR13R14, wherein
R13 and R14 are taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 4-membered heterocyclyl, wherein the heterocyclyl is optionally substituted with —NR5R6 and R7,
R5 and R6 are independently C1-3alkyl or R5 and R6 taken together with the nitrogen atom to which they are attached form a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclyl optionally including an oxygen atom,
R7 is C1-3alkyl, optionally substituted with a 5- or 6-membered heterocyclyl containing one nitrogen atom,
or a pharmaceutically-acceptable salt thereof,and a pharmaceutically-acceptable carrier.

US Pat. No. 10,392,382

COMPOUNDS ACTING AT MULTIPLE PROSTAGLANDIN RECEPTORS GIVING A GENERAL ANTI-INFLAMMATORY RESPONSE

ALLERGAN, INC., Irvine, ...

1. A compound, wherein the compound is:or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,392,381

PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF NON-ALCOHOLIC FATTY LIVER DISEASE

Ohio University, Athens,...

1. A method for treating or reducing the risk of developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in a subject in need thereof, the method comprising:administering to the subject a therapeutically effective amount of at least one compound of General Formula (I) or (II):

or a pharmaceutically-acceptable salt or solvate thereof, in which:
R1 is chosen from methyl, ethyl, propyl, 2-propenyl, hexyl, Q1,

R2 is chosen from Q2, phenyl,

R3 is chosen from H, -methyl, ethyl, n-propyl, isopropyl, butyl, 3-butenyl, phenyl, or 2-phenylethyl;
Q1 is
in which groups R4, R5, and R6 are independently chosen from H, halo, —NO2, —CN, or —OCH3; andQ2 is
in which exactly two or exactly three of groups R7, R8, R9, and R10 are hydrogen and remaining groups R7, R8, R9, and R10 that are not hydrogen are independently chosen from methoxy, ethoxy, hydroxy, trifluoromethoxy, methyl, trifluoromethyl, N-methylamino, (N,N)-dimethylamino, cyano, halo, or nitro;with the proviso that when R2 is phenyl and R3 is —H, R1 is selected from the group consisting of hexyl, Q1,

US Pat. No. 10,392,377

SUBSTITUTED 2-IMINO-1,3-THIAZOLIDIN-4-ONES AS N-ARACHIDONOYLETHANOLAMINE CELLULAR UPTAKE INHIBITORS

UNIVERSITAT BERN, Bern (...

1. A compound of formula (1):
wherein:
R1 is selected from formula (2b), formula (2c), formula (2g) or formula (2h):

wherein:
T? is selected from —CH2—, —NH—, —NRc—, —S—, —O—, —CH(CH3)— or —C(CH3)2—;
T? is selected from ?CH— or ?N—;
Rc is selected from —CH3, —CH2F, —CHF2, —CF3, —CH2OH, —CH2CH3, —CH2CF3, —CHFCF3, —CF2CF3, —CH2CH2CH3 or —CH(CH3)2;
R6 is selected from —H, —CH3, —OH, —OCH3 or —OCH2CH3;
each Z1 is independently selected from —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —CN, —Ra, —ORa, —(CH2)rORa, —SRa, —(CH2)rSRa or —N(Ra)2;
each Ra is independently selected from H, an unsubstituted C1-C8-alkyl, an unsubstituted C2-C8-alkenyl or an unsubstituted C2-C8-alkynyl;
r is 1, 2, 3 or 4; and
n is 0, 1, 2 or 3; or
R1 is selected from formula (2b?), formula (2c?), formula (2g?) or formula (2h?):

wherein:
D is C1-C4-alkyl;
T? is selected from —CH2—, —NH—, —NRc—, —S—, —O—, —CH(CH3)— or —C(CH3)2—;
T? is selected from ?CH— or ?N—;
Rc is selected from —CH3, —CH2F, —CHF2, —CF3, —CH2OH, —CH2CH3, —CH2CF3, —CHFCF3, —CF2CF3, —CH2CH2CH3 or —CH(CH3)2;
R6 is selected from —H, —CH3, —OH, —OCH3 or —OCH2CH3;
each Z1 is independently selected from —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —CN, —Ra, —ORa, —(CH2)rORa, —SRa, —(CH2)rSRa or —N(Ra)2;
each Ra is independently selected from H, an unsubstituted C1-C8-alkyl, an unsubstituted C2-C8-alkenyl or an unsubstituted C2-C8-alkynyl;
r is 1, 2, 3 or 4; and
n is 0, 1, 2 or 3;
R2 is selected from an unsubstituted cycloalkyl, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl, an unsubstituted saturated heterocyclyl, or a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;
wherein:
the substituted aryl or the substituted heteroaryl is substituted by at least one Z2;
each Z2 is independently selected from —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —CN, —Rb, —ORb, —(CH2)rORb, —SRb, —(CH2)rSRb or —N(Rb)2;
each Rb is independently selected from H, an unsubstituted C1-C12-alkyl, an unsubstituted C2-C12-alkenyl or an unsubstituted C2-C12-alkynyl; and
r is 1, 2, 3 or 4; or
R2 is formula -L-Ar;
wherein:
L is an alkyl, an alkenyl or an alkynyl; and
Ar is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-aryl or a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C6-heteroaryl;
wherein:
the substituted C6-aryl or substituted C5-C6-heteroaryl is substituted by at least one Z2;
each Z2 is independently selected from —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —CN, —Rb, —ORb, —(CH2)rORb, —SRb, —(CH2)rSRb or —N(Rb)2;
each Rb is independently selected from H, an unsubstituted C1-C12-alkyl, an unsubstituted C2-C12-alkenyl or an unsubstituted C2-C12-alkynyl; and
r is 1, 2, 3 or 4; and
R3 is selected from an unsubstituted alkyl, an unsubstituted alkoxy, an unsubstituted alkenyl, an unsubstituted alkynyl, an unsubstituted cycloalkyl, an unsubstituted saturated heterocyclyl, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl;
wherein:
the substituted aryl or substituted heteroaryl is substituted by at least one Z3;
each Z3 is independently selected from —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —CN, —Rd, —ORd, —(CH2)rORd, —SRd, —(CH2)rSRd or —N(Rd)2;
each Rd is independently selected from H, an unsubstituted C1-C12-alkyl, an unsubstituted C2-C12-alkenyl or an unsubstituted C2-C12-alkynyl; and
r is 1, 2, 3 or 4; or
R3 is formula -D-Ar;
wherein:
D is an alkyl, an alkenyl or an alkynyl; and
Ar is a substituted or unsubstituted C6-aryl or a substituted or unsubstituted C5-C6-heteroaryl;
wherein:
the substituted C6-aryl or substituted C5-C6-heteroaryl is substituted by at least one Z3;
each Z3 is independently selected from —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, —CN, —Rd, —ORd, —(CH2)rORd, —SRd, —(CH2)rSRd or —N(Rd)2;
each Rd is independently selected from H, an unsubstituted C1-C12-alkyl, an unsubstituted C2-C12-alkenyl or an unsubstituted C2-C12-alkynyl; and
r is 1, 2, 3 or 4.

US Pat. No. 10,392,375

HETEROARYL COMPOUNDS AS IRAK INHIBITORS AND USES THEREOF

Merck Patent GmbH, Darms...

1. A method for treating an IRAK-mediated disorder in a patient in need thereof, comprising:administering to said patient a compound of
formula I,

or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein:
is selected from
each Ra is independently —R, halogen, -haloalkyl, —OR, —SR, —CN, —NO2, —SO2R, —SOR, —C(O)R, —CO2R, —C(O)N(R)2, —NRC(O)R, —NRC(O)N(R)2, —NRSO2R, or —N(R)2;
Ring X is a C3-10 aryl; a 5-6 membered monocyclic heteroaryl ring having 1-4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur; a fused C3-10 aryl, a fused 5-10 membered saturated or partially unsaturated carbocyclic ring, a fused 5-10 membered heterocylic ring having 1-4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur, or a fused 5-10 membered monocyclic heteroaryl ring having 1-4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur; each of which is optionally substituted;
R1 is —R, halogen, -haloalkyl, —OR, —SR, —CN, —NO2, —SO2R, —SOR, —C(O)R, —CO2R, —C(O)N(R)2, —NRC(O)R, —NRC(O)N(R)2, —NRSO2R, or —N(R)2;
R2 is —R, halogen, -haloalkyl, —OR, —SR, —CN, —NO2, —SO2R, —SOR, —C(O)R, —CO2R, —C(O)N(R)2, —NRC(O)R, —NRC(O)N(R)2, —NRSO2R, or —N(R)2;
R3 is C1-6 aliphatic, a 3-8 membered saturated or partially unsaturated carbocyclic ring, or a 3-7 membered heterocylic ring having 1-4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur; each of which is optionally substituted; or R3 is -haloalkyl;
R4 is —R, halogen, -haloalkyl, —OR, —SR, —CN, —NO2, —SO2R, —SOR, —C(O)R, —CO2R, —C(O)N(R)2, —NRC(O)R, —NRC(O)N(R)2, —NRSO2R, or —N(R)2;
Z is N or CR;
each R is independently hydrogen, C1-6 aliphatic, C3-10 aryl, a 3-8 membered saturated or partially unsaturated carbocyclic ring, a 3-7 membered heterocylic ring having 1-4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur, or a 5-6 membered monocyclic heteroaryl ring having 1-4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur; each of which is optionally substituted; or
two R groups on the same atom are taken together with the atom to which they are attached to form a C3-10 aryl, a 3-8 membered saturated or partially unsaturated carbocyclic ring, a 3-7 membered heterocylic ring having 1-4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur, or a 5-6 membered monocyclic heteroaryl ring having 1-4 heteroatoms independently selected from nitrogen, oxygen, or sulfur; each of which is optionally substituted;
and
p is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5, and
wherein said IRAK-mediated disorder is an autoimmune or chronic inflammatory disease selected from the group consisting of multiple sclerosis, systemic sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), lupus erythematosus, systemic lupus erythematosus and lupus nephritis.

US Pat. No. 10,392,369

N-[(PYRIMIDINYLOXY)PROPANYL]BENZAMIDES

Boehringer Ingelheim Inte...

1. A compound of formula I
in which
Ar represents

R1 represents hydrogen, fluoro, or methyl;
R2 and R3 independently represent hydrogen, fluoro, methyl, or —OCH3;
R4 represents hydrogen;
R5 represents bromo or —CF3;
wherein at least two of the substituents R1, R2, R3 and R4 represent hydrogen;
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,392,368

PYRAZOLO AND TRIAZOLO BICYCLIC COMPOUNDS AS JAK KINASE INHIBITORS

1. A compound of formula (I):
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, wherein
X1 and X2 are each independently selected from N and CH;
X3 is selected from the group consisting of N, CH, C—CH3, C—CF3, C—CHF2, C—CH2—O—CH3, C—SMe, C—NMe2, C—NH—CH3, C—Cl, C—CN, and C—OMe;

 is selected from the group consisting of

Ra, Rb, Rc, and Rf are each independently selected from the group consisting of H and C1-3 alkyl;
Rd, Re, Rg, Rh, Ri, Rj, Rl, Rm, Rn and Ro are each independently selected from the group consisting of H and C1-3 alkyl wherein the C1-3 alkyl group may be optionally substituted with 1 to 3 halogens;
optionally Rd and Re may be joined to form a cyclopropyl ring;
A is selected from the group consisting of
(a) a 4 to 10 membered monocyclic heterocyclic group containing one nitrogen atom and optionally containing one additional heteroatom selected from N, S, S(O)2 and O, and
(b) a 6 to 10 membered multicyclic heterocyclic group containing one nitrogen atom and optionally containing one additional heteroatom selected from N, S, and O,
wherein L is linked to a carbon atom in A and A is optionally substituted with 1 to 3 Rk groups;
each Rk is independently selected from the group consisting of F, CN, C1-3 alkoxy, cyclopropyl, and C1-3 alkyl, wherein the C1-3 alkyl group may be optionally substituted with OH, OMe or 1 to 3 halogens;
R1 is selected from the group consisting of

wherein Rp and Rq are each independently selected from the group consisting of H, C3-5 cycloalkyl and C1-6 alkyl, wherein the C1-6 alkyl group may be optionally substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of C1-3 alkoxy and —S—C1-3 alkyl,
or Rp and Rq form a 4 to 6 membered monocyclic heterocyclic group containing one nitrogen atom and optionally containing one additional heteroatom selected from N, S, and O, wherein the 4 to 6 membered monocyclic heterocyclic group is optionally substituted with 1 to 3 substituents independently selected from the group consisting of C1-6 alkyl, C1-3 alkoxy, —S—C1-3 alkyl and —C1-3 alkyl-C1-3 alkoxy;
R2 is selected from the group consisting of H, Cl, OMe, Me and F;
R3 is selected from the group consisting of H and F;
R4 is selected from the group consisting of H and F; and
R5 is selected from the group consisting of H, Me and F.

US Pat. No. 10,392,366

AZETIDINE COMPOUNDS AS GPR119 MODULATORS FOR THE TREATMENT OF DIABETES, OBESITY, DYSLIPIDEMIA AND RELATED DISORDERS

SANOFI, Paris (FR)

1. A compound of formula Iwherein:X is N or C—R1;
Y is N or C—R2;
A is O or CH2;
R1 is H, F or CN;
R2 is H or F;
R3a and R3b are independently H or (C1-C6)-alkyl;
B is a bond, O or C?O;
R4 is a bond or (CH2)p;
p is 1 or 2;
R5 is CF3, (C3-C8)-cycloalkyl, phenyl or 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl ring;
wherein the groups (C3-C8)-cycloalkyl, phenyl and 5- or 6-membered heteroaryl ring are optionally substituted with 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of F and (C1-C4)-alkyl;
R6 is H or (C1-C6)-alkyl;
R7 is OH, NH2, (CH2)n—COOR13, (CH2)n—CONR14R15, S(O)mR16, NHCO—R19, O(CO)NR20R21, COR22,

or R6 and R7, together with the carbon atom to which they are attached, form a ring of formula L, which is spiro connected to the azetidine moiety of formula I in the position marked by the asterix;
L is

Ra is H or (C1-C6)-alkyl;
n is 0 or 1;
m is 0, 1 or 2;
R13 is H or (C1-C2)-alkyl, optionally substituted with NH2, NH(C1-C2)-alkyl or N((C1-C2)-alkyl)2;
R14 and R15 are independently H, (C3-C6)-cycloalkyl, (C1-C6)-alkyl or (C1-C6)-alkyl substituted with 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of CONH2 and OH;
R16 is (C1-C6)-alkyl;
R19 is (C1-C2)-alkylene-O—(C1-C2)-alkyl or (C1-C2)-alkyl;
R20 is H or (C1-C2)-alkyl;
R21 is H or (C1-C2)-alkyl; and
R22 is azetidinyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl or piperazinyl;
wherein the azetidinyl, pyrrolidinyl, piperidinyl or piperazinyl is optionally substituted with 1 to 3 groups selected from the group consisting of OH and COCH3,
or a stereoisomer or a physiologically acceptable salt thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,392,360

SYNTHETIC ROUTE TO ANHYDRORYANODOL, RYANODOL AND STRUCTURAL ANALOGUES

California Institute of T...

13. A compound of formula (I) that is:
wherein:
R1 is benzyloxymethyl, trimethylsilylethoxy methyl, or methoxymethyl;
R2 is C1-6alkyl;
R3 is C1-6alkyl; and
R4 is C1-6alkyl.

US Pat. No. 10,392,356

DERIVATIVES OF SOBETIROME

1. A pharmaceutical composition comprising one or more pharmaceutically acceptable carriers and an effective amount of a compound with the structure:
or any pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof, where R1 is heteroalkyl, substituted heteroalkyl, substituted cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, substituted heterocycloalkyl, substituted aryl, heteroaryl, or substituted heteroaryl.

US Pat. No. 10,392,353

PROCESSES FOR MAKING SUBSTITUTED QUINAZOLINE COMPOUNDS USING HYDROGEN BONDING CATALYSTS

1. A process for preparing a compound of Formula (I):
or a salt thereof, comprising contacting a compound of formula (viii):

or a salt thereof, with a catalyst of formula (V):

wherein each occurrence of R5 is independently selected from the group consisting of phenyl; naphthyl and pyridine; wherein each of the phenyl and naphthyl is optionally substituted with one to three substituents independently selected from halogen, —O—C1-C4alkyl, —CN, —NO2, —O-Tf, and C1-C4alkyl, wherein C1-C4 alkyl can be optionally substituted with one to four halogens; and
each occurrence of R6 is independently selected from the group consisting of Tf and Nf;
in a suitable solvent for a time sufficient to form a compound of formula (I);
wherein:
R1 represents up to 3 phenyl group substituents, each independently selected from C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, halo, —CN, —OH and C1-C6 alkoxy;
R2 represents up to 3 phenyl group substituents, each independently selected from C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, halo, —CN, —OH and C1-C6 alkoxy;
R3 represents up to 3 phenyl group substituents, each independently selected from C1-C6 alkyl, C1-C6 haloalkyl, halo, —CN, —OH and C1-C6 alkoxy; and
R4 is C1-C6 alkyl or C3-C7 cycloalkyl.

US Pat. No. 10,392,349

AZEPANE DERIVATIVES AND METHODS OF TREATING HEPATITIS B INFECTIONS

NOVIRA THERAPEUTICS, INC....

1. A compound of Formula I:
or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof;
wherein
R4 is H or —C1-C3 alkyl;
each R1 is, independently at each occurrence, —OH, halo, —CN, —NO2, —C1-C6 alkyl, —O—C1-C6 alkyl, —C1-C6 heteroalkyl, —O—C1-C6 heteroalkyl, —C3-C10 cycloalkyl, —C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, —C1-C4 alkyl-(C3-C10 cycloalkyl), —C1-C4 alkyl-(C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl), —C1-C4 alkyl-(aryl), or —C1-C4 alkyl-(heteroaryl), wherein the alkyl, heteroalkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, aryl and heteroaryl groups are optionally substituted 1-5 times with halo, —OH, —CN, or —NO2;
each R2 is, independently at each occurrence, —OH, halo, —CN, —NO2, R6, or —OR6, wherein R6 is, independently at each occurrence, —C1-C6 alkyl, —C1-C6 heteroalkyl, —C3-C10 cycloalkyl, —C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, —C1-C4 alkyl-(C3-C10 cycloalkyl), —C1-C4 alkyl-(C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl), —C1-C4 alkyl-(aryl), or —C1-C4 alkyl-(heteroaryl), wherein the alkyl, heteroalkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, aryl and heteroaryl groups are optionally substituted 1-5 times with halo, —OH, —CN, or —NO2;
or two R2 groups, and the phenyl ring to which they are attached, join to form benzimidazole;
Cy is

R7 and R8 are, independently at each occurrence, —C1-C6 alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, —C1-C4 alkyl-(aryl), or —C1-C4 alkyl-(heteroaryl), wherein the aryl or heteroaryl groups are optionally substituted with —C1-C3 alkyl;
or R7 and R8 join to form a 3- to 10-membered ring;
R11 is, independently at each occurrence, —OH, halo, —CN, —NO2, ?O, —OC(O)CH3, —O—C1-C6 alkyl, —C1-C6 heteroalkyl, —O—C1-C6 heteroalkyl, —C3-C10 cycloalkyl, —O—C3-C10 cycloalkyl, —C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, —C1-C4 alkyl-(C3-C10 cycloalkyl), —C1-C4 alkyl-(C3-C10 heterocycloalkyl), —C1-C4 alkyl-(aryl), or —C1-C4 alkyl-(heteroaryl), wherein the alkyl, heteroalkyl, cycloalkyl, heterocycloalkyl, aryl and heteroaryl groups are optionally substituted 1-5 times with halo, —OH, —CN, or —NO2;
R12 is, independently at each occurrence, H or —C1-C6 alkyl;
R13 and R14, together with the carbons to which they are attached, join to form a cyclopropyl ring;
m is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4;
n is 1, 2, 3, or 4;
x is 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5; and
y is 0, 1, 2, 3, or 4.

US Pat. No. 10,392,348

2-OXO-3,4-DIHYDROQUINOLINE COMPOUNDS AS PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS

Syngenta Participations A...

1. A compound of formula (I)
wherein:
R1 is selected from the group consisting of C1-C7 alkyl, C1-C7 haloalkyl, C3-C5 cycloalkyl-C1-C7 alkyl, C3-C7alkenyl, C3-C7 alkynyl, (3-6 membered heterocycloalkyl)-C1-C7 alkyl, C3-C5 cycloalkyl and a 4-6 membered heterocycloalkyl, each optionally substituted with one to three Rx;
R2 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, cyano, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4haloalkoxy and C3-C4 cycloalkyl;
R3, R7 and R8 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, halogen, cyano, C1-C4alkyl, C2-C4 alkenyl, C2-C4 alkynyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkoxy and C3-C4 cycloalkyl;
R4 and R5 are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl and C3-C4 cycloalkyl;
or R4 and R5 can form, together with the atom or atoms they are directly attached to, a C3-C4 cycloalkyl or C4heterocyclyl;
R6 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, C1-C4 alkyl, C3-C4 alkenyl, C3-C4 alkynyl, and C1-C3alkoxy-C1-C4-alkyl;
L is selected from the group consisting of a bond, a linear —C1-C4-alkyl chain, a linear —C2-C4-alkenyl chain, a linear —C2-C4-alkynyl chain, a linear —C1-C4-alkoxy chain whereby the oxygen atom is attached to A, a linear -amino-C1-C4-alkyl-chain whereby the nitrogen atom is attached to A, and a linear C1-C2alkyl-oxy-C1-C2alkyl, chain each optionally substituted with one to three halogen, cyano, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyl or C1-C4 alkoxy;
A is hydrogen, C1-C7 alkyl, C3-C5 cycloalkyl, 3-10 membered heterocyclyl or aryl, each optionally substituted with one to three Ry;
Rx is, independently of each other, selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4haloalkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkoxy, C1-C4alkylcarbonyl, C1-C4 alkoxycarbonyl, carboxylic acid, aminocarbonyl, C1-C4 aminocarbonyl and C3-C4cycloalkyl;
Ry is, independently of each other, selected from the group consisting of halogen, cyano, nitro, C1-C4 alkyl, C1-C4 alkoxy, C1-C4 haloalkyl, C1-C4 haloalkyloxy, C1-C4alkylsulfanyl, C1-C4 haloalkylsulfanyl, C1-C4 alkylsulfinyl, C1-C4 haloalkylsulfinyl, C1-C4 alkylsulfonyl, C1-C4haloalkylsulfonyl, C1-C4 alkylcarbonyl, C1-C4alkoxycarbonyl, carboxylic acid, aminocarbonyl, C1-C4aminocarbonyl and C3-C4 cycloalkyl which cycloalkyl is unsubstituted or substituted by one or more Rz;
Rz is independently selected from the group consisting of halogen, C1-C4-alkyl and C1-C4-haloalkyl;
wherein A is not butyl when either R4 or R5 is methyl;
and wherein R1 is not methyl when R2, R3, R4, R5, R6, R7 and R8 are each hydrogen;
or salts or N-oxides thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,392,344

METHOD FOR PREPARING FLUORINE-18 ELUENT WITH ADJUSTED PH, AND METHOD FOR LABELLING FLUORINE-18 USING SAME

THE ASAN FOUNDATION, Seo...

1. A method for preparing an organic [18F]fluoro compound, the method comprising the steps of:(a) preparing an eluent by a method comprising reacting compounds represented by Formula 1 and Formula 2 as shown in Scheme 1:

wherein R1 is a C1-C10 primary or secondary alkyl group or aryl group;
MX  [Formula 2]
wherein M is lithium, sodium, potassium, cesium, or rubidium, and X is a hydroxyl ion, a carbonate ion, a bicarbonate ion, a phosphate ion, a diphosphate ion, a triphosphate ion, or t-butoxide;

wherein R1, M, and X are as defined in Formulas 1 and 2, and wherein the pH of the eluent is adjusted to 6.0 to 8.0;
(b) eluting an [18F]fluoride adsorbed on a quaternary ammonium support into a reactor using the eluent;
(c) removing the eluent in the reactor after the elution; and
(d) reacting an alkyl halide or alkyl sulfonate with the eluted [18F]fluoride in the presence of a reaction solvent,
wherein the alkyl halide or alkyl sulfonate is selected from the group consisting of N-(3-methanesulfonyloxypropyl)-2?-carbomethoxy-3-?-(4-iodophenyl)tropane, N-(3-toluenesulfonyloxypropyl)-2?-carbomethoxy-3-?-(4-iodophenyl)tropane, 3-(2-nitroimidazol-1-yl)-2-O-tetrahydropyranyl-1-O-toluenesulfonyl propanediol, (5?-O-DMTr-2?-deoxy-3?-O-nosyl-?-D-threo-pentofuranosyl)-3-N-BOC-thymine, (E)-2-(2-(2-(4-(4-(tert-butoxycarbonyl (methyl)amino)styryl)phenoxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl methanesulfonate and (E)-2-(2-(2-(5-(4-(tert-butoxycarbonyl(methyl)amino)styryl)pyridin-2-yloxy)ethoxy)ethoxy)ethyl methanesulfonate.

US Pat. No. 10,392,343

POLYMERIZABLE COMPOUND, POLYMERIZABLE COMPOSITION, POLYMER, AND OPTICALLY ANISOTROPIC PRODUCT

ZEON CORPORATION, Chiyod...

1. A polymerizable compound represented by a general formula (I),
wherein each of Q1 to Q4 independently represents a hydrogen atom, or a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms,
X represents a substituted or unsubstituted divalent aromatic group having 4 to 12 carbon atoms,
Ax represents a group represented by a general formula (II),

wherein “*” indicates a bonding position,
each of Y1x to Y6xindependently represents a single bond, —O—, —S—, —O—C(?O )—, —C(?O )—O—, —O—C(?O)—O—, —NR1—C(?O)—, —C(?O)—NR1—, —O —C(?O)—NR1—, —NR1—C(?O)—O—, —NR1—C(?O)—NR1—, —O —NR1—, or —NR1—O —, R1 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, each of G1x and G2x independently represents a substituted or unsubstituted divalent aliphatic group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms that optionally includes —O—, —S—, —O—C(?O)—, —C(?O)—O —, —O—C(?O)—O—, —NR2—C(?O)—, —C(?O)—NR2—, —NR2—, or —C(?O)—, provided that a case where the aliphatic group includes two or more contiguous —O— or —S—is excluded,
R2 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms,
each of Z1x and Z2x independently represents an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms that is substituted with a halogen atom, or unsubstituted,
A1x represents a substituted or unsubstituted trivalent aromatic group, and
each of A2x and A3x independently represents a substituted or unsubstituted divalent aromatic group having 4 to 30 carbon atoms,
Ay represents a group represented by a general formula (III),

wherein each of Y1y to Y8y independently represents a single bond, —O—, —S—, —O—C(?O)—, —C(?O)—O—, —O—C(?O)—O—, —NR3—C(?O)—, —C(?O)—NR3—, —O—C(?O)—NR3—, —NR3—C(?O)—O—, —NR3—C(?O)—NR3—, —O—NR3—, or —NR3—O—, R3 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms,
each of G1y and G2y independently represents a substituted or unsubstituted divalent aliphatic group having 1 to 20 carbon atoms that optionally includes —O—, —S—, —O—C(?O)—, —C(?O)—O—, —O—C(?O)—O—, —NR4—C(?O)—, —C(?O)—NR4—, —NR4—, or —C(?O)—, provided that a case where the aliphatic group includes two or more contiguous —O—or —S—is excluded,
R4 represents a hydrogen atom or an alkyl group having 1 to 6 carbon atoms,
each of Z1y and Z2y independently represents an alkenyl group having 2 to 10 carbon atoms that is substituted with a halogen atom, or unsubstituted,
A1y represents a substituted or unsubstituted trivalent aromatic group,
each of A2y and A3yindependently represents a substituted or unsubstituted divalent alicyclic hydrocarbon group having 3 to 30 carbon atoms, and
each of A4yand A5yindependently represents a substituted or unsubstituted aromatic group having 4 to 30 carbon atoms, and
n represents 0 or 1.

US Pat. No. 10,392,340

PURIFICATION OF CRUDE ISOPHORONEDIAMINE BY PARTIAL CONDENSATION IN SERIES WITH TOTAL CONDENSATION

Evonik Degussa GmbH, Ess...

1. A process for fine purification of isophoronediamine from the production of isophoronediamine by aminating hydrogenation of isophorone nitrile in the presence of at least ammonia, hydrogen, a hydrogenation catalyst and optionally further additions and in the presence or absence of organic solvents to obtain a crude isophoronediamine I,wherein the crude isophoronediamine I is subjected to a fine purification by means of two vacuum distillation columns, wherein
I. in the first vacuum distillation column K I low-boiling by-products still present are removed, and a crude IPDA II is transferred from the bottom of K I into the vacuum distillation column K II,
II. and in the second vacuum distillation column K II the isophoronediamine is obtained in pure form overhead and separated from the organic residues, with two condensers being mounted at the top of the second vacuum distillation column,
wherein the first condenser is a partial condenser and the pure IPDA is removed therein,
and wherein the second condenser is a total condenser and the residual portion of the vapour stream from K II is completely condensed therein and recycled as return stream into the first vacuum distillation column K I.

US Pat. No. 10,392,339

POLYMERIZABLE POLAR COMPOUND, LIQUID CRYSTAL COMPOSITION, AND LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAY ELEMENT

JNC CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A compound, represented by formula (1):wherein, in formula (1),R1 is alkyl having 1 to 15 carbons, and in the alkyl, at least one —CH2— may be replaced by —O— or —S—, and at least one piece of —(CH2)2— may be replaced by —CH?CH— or —C?C, and in the groups, at least one hydrogen may be replaced by halogen;
MES is a mesogen group having at least one ring;
Sp1 is a single bond or alkylene having 1 to 10 carbons, and in the alkylene, at least one —CH2— may be replaced by —O—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO— or —OCOO—, and at least one (CH2)2— may be replaced by —CH?CH— or —C?C—, and in the groups, at least one hydrogen may be replaced by halogen;
M1 and M2 are independently hydrogen, halogen, alkyl having 1 to 5 carbons, or alkyl having 1 to 5 carbons in which at least one hydrogen is replaced by halogen; and
R2 is a group represented by formula (1a), formula (1b) or formula (1c):
wherein, in formula (1a), formula (1b) and formula (1c),Sp2 and Sp3 are independently a single bond or alkylene having 1 to 10 carbons, and in the alkylene, at least one —CH2— may be replaced by —O—, —NH—, —CO—, —COO—, —OCO— or —OCOO—, and at least one —(CH2)2— may be replaced by —CH?CH— or —C?C— and in the groups, at least one hydrogen may be replaced by halogen;
S1 is >CH— or >N—;
S2 is >C< or >Si<; and
X1 is a group represented by —OH, —NH2, —OR3, —N(R3)2, formula (x1), —COOH, —SH, —B(OH)2 or —Si(R3)3, in which R3 is hydrogen or alkyl having 1 to 10 carbons, and in the alkyl, at least one CH2— may be replaced by —O—, and at least one —(CH2)2— may be replaced by —CH?CH—, and in the groups, at least one hydrogen may be replaced by halogen, and w in formula (x1) is 1, 2, 3 or 4:

US Pat. No. 10,392,338

SPIROFURANONE COMPOUNDS, DERIVATIVES THEREOF AND PROCESSES FOR THEIR PREPARATION

YISSUM RESEARCH DEVELOPME...

1. A composition comprising a compound of general formula (XIV):
wherein
Ring A is optionally a saturated or unsaturated ring having optionally at least one heteroatom; and is optionally substituted by at least one group selected from straight or branched C1-C10 alkyl,-straight or branched C2-C10 alkenyl, straight or branched C2-C10 alkynyl, CN, —OR4, —NR5R6, —C(?O)R7, halogen;
R4, R5 and R6 are each independently selected from H, halogen, straight or branched C1-C10 alkyl, straight or branched C2-C10 alkenyl, straight or branched C2-C10 alkynyl;
R7 is selected from H, straight or branched C1-C10 alkyl, straight or branched C2-C10 alkenyl, straight or branched C2-C10 alkynyl, halogen, OH, O(C1-C10)alkyl, NH2, amine;
n is an integer selected from 1-4;
—C(n)— is selected from a straight or branched alkylene, straight or branched alkenylene, straight or branched alkynylene;
m is an integer selected from 1-4;
—C(m)— is selected from a straight or branched alkylene, straight or branched alkenylene, straight or branched alkynylene;
l is an integer selected from 1-4;
—C(l)— is selected from a straight or branched alkylene, straight or branched alkenylene, straight or branched alkynylene;
R3 and R3? are each independently selected from C(?O)R20, OR21, C(?O)OR22, CF3SO3, straight or branched C1-C10 alkyl, straight or branched C2-C10 alkenyl, straight or branched C2-C10 alkynyl;
each of alkyl, alkenyl or alkylnyl groups are optionally substituted by at least one group selected from C(?O)R23, OR24, halogen, CF3SO3;
each of R20, R21, R22, R23 and R24 is independently selected from H, OH, halogen, straight or branched C1-C10 alkyl, straight or branched C1-C10 alkoxy, NH2, amine.

US Pat. No. 10,392,337

PROCESS FOR PURIFICATION OF METHYL METHACRYLATE

Dow Global Technologies L...

1. A process for purifying methyl methacrylate; said method comprising: (a) feeding a product mixture comprising methyl methacrylate, methanol, water and oligomers of methyl methacrylate to a divided section of a distillation column comprising a dividing wall; (b) removing an overhead stream and a bottoms stream from the distillation column, and removing a middle side draw stream from the distillation column; wherein the crude product enters the dividing wall distillation column in a divided section on an opposing side of the dividing wall from the middle side draw stream; and (c) removing an upper side draw stream from a point above the dividing wall and below the top of the distillation column, separating a portion of water from the upper side draw stream to produce a dewatered upper side draw stream and returning the dewatered upper side draw stream to the distillation column.

US Pat. No. 10,392,335

METHOD FOR PRODUCING HYDROXYPIVALALDEHYDE

Mitsubishi Gas Chemical C...

1. A method for producing hydroxypivalaldehyde, the method comprisingreacting isobutyraldehyde with formaldehyde to obtain a reaction solution containing hydroxypivalaldehyde,
subsequently extracting the reaction solution with an aldehyde solvent represented by formula (1) under basicity to obtain an extract containing hydroxypivalaldehyde, and
subsequently distilling the extract and then collecting hydroxypivalaldehyde from a still residue:

wherein R represents a saturated alkyl group having 3 or more and 7 or less carbon atoms,
wherein said distilling occurs in the presence of water, and an amount of water which is subjected to said distilling is 100 parts by mass or more and 2,000 parts by mass or less with respect to a total amount, 100 parts by mass, of isobutyraldehyde derived from a raw material and an aldehyde solvent represented by the formula (1) in the extract which is subjected to said distilling.

US Pat. No. 10,392,326

METHOD FOR PRODUCING FLUORINE-CONTAINING COMPOUND

DAIKIN INDUSTRIES, LTD., ...

1. A method for producing a fluorine-containing compound of Formula (3):CF3CFYCH2Z, wherein n is 0 or 1, one of Y and Z is H, and the other is F or Cl, by successively reacting at least one chlorine-containing compound selected from the group consisting of chlorine-containing fluoroalkane of Formula (1): CX3CHClCH2Cl, wherein X is independently F or Cl, with the proviso that at least one X is F; and chlorine-containing fluoroolefin of Formula (2): CX3CC?CH2, wherein X is independently F or Cl, with the proviso that at least one X is F, with anhydrous hydrogen fluoride in the presence of a fluorination catalyst, wherein a reactor inlet gas comprises hydrogen chloride in a concentration of not less than 0.15 vol % and not more than 10 vol %.

US Pat. No. 10,392,323

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR PURIFYING CUMENE

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A method for purifying cumene, the method comprising:a light material removal process in which a stream from an alkylation reaction unit is introduced to a lights cut column to be removed of lights and water, wherein the lights cut column includes a first output stream and a second output stream, wherein the first output stream discharges lights and water and is located at a higher position than the second output stream;
a benzene separation process in which a stream from a transalkylation reaction unit and the second output stream of the lights cut column are introduced to a benzene column to be separated into a benzene stream and a first cumene stream, wherein the benzene stream is located at a higher position than the first cumene stream;
a cumene separation process in which the first cumene stream is introduced to a cumene column to be separated into a second cumene stream and a first polyisopropylbenzene stream, wherein the second cumene stream is located at a higher position than the first polyisopropylbenzene stream;
a polyisopropylbenzene separation process in which the first polyisopropylbenzene stream is introduced to a polyisopropyl column to be separated into a second polyisopropylbenzene stream and a heavy materials stream; and
a process of passing the second cumene stream discharged from the cumene column through a heat exchanger of the benzene column.

US Pat. No. 10,392,321

PROCESSES FOR TRANSALKYLATING AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS

UOP LLC, Des Plaines, IL...

1. A process for transalkylating aromatic hydrocarbon compounds, the process comprising:introducing a heavy alkylbenzene rich stream and a benzene rich stream to a transalkylation zone;
introducing a water source to the transalkylation zone, the water source being in an amount to provide 80 to 120 wppm of water based upon the mass of the feed stream;
contacting the heavy alkylbenzene stream and the benzene stream with a transalkylation catalyst in the transalkylation zone under transalkylation conditions comprising a transalkylation temperature of greater than 130° C. to less than 230° C. in the presence of the water to provide a transalkylation reaction effluent; and
wherein the deactivation rate of the transalkylation catalyst is less than 0.2 wt. %/hr and the conversion of heavy alkylbenzene is greater than 50 wt. %.

US Pat. No. 10,392,316

PROCESS FOR MINIMIZING BENZENE, TOLUENE, AND A RECYCLE LOOP IN A ZERO BENZENE AROMATICS COMPLEX

UOP LLC, Des Plaines, IL...

1. A process for reducing benzene production in an aromatics complex, the process comprising:passing an aromatics stream having a methyl to phenyl ratio below about 1.5 to a benzene column to produce a benzene column overhead stream comprising benzene and a benzene column bottoms stream comprising toluene and aromatics having 9+ carbons;
passing a first portion of the benzene column overhead stream to a transalkylation unit and transalkylating aromatics having 9+ carbons with benzene to produce a trans-alkylation product stream comprising xylenes;
passing the benzene column bottoms stream to a toluene column to produce a toluene column overhead stream comprising toluene and a toluene column bottoms stream comprising aromatics having 9+ carbons;
passing a second portion of the benzene column overhead stream and the toluene column overhead stream to a methylation unit to produce a methylation product stream comprising xylenes;
passing the toluene column bottoms stream to a fractionation zone to produce an overhead stream comprising xylenes, a bottoms stream comprising heavy aromatics, and a middle boiling fraction comprising aromatics having 9-10 carbons;
passing the middle boiling fraction to the trans-alkylation unit;
recycling the trans-alkylation product stream to the benzene column; and,
recycling the methylation product stream to the benzene column.

US Pat. No. 10,392,314

MATERIAL AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURE FOR ENGINEERED REACTIVE MATRIX COMPOSITES

Powdermet, Inc., Euclid,...

32. A reactive matrix composite comprising a plurality of porous preformed particles that are dispersed in a metal material, each of said porous preformed particles formed of a plurality of coated particles that have been sintered together, each of said coated particles are formed of a primary core unit and a reactive binder coated on said primary core unit, said primary core unit and said reactive binder formed of different materials, said coating thickness of said reactive binder is less than 50% of a particle diameter of said primary core unit, said primary core unit including carbon, said primary core unit constitutes about 30-90% by volume of said coated particle, said primary core unit has an average particle diameter of about 1-50 microns, said primary core unit constituting 30-90 vol. % of said coated particle, said reactive binder having a coating thickness of 0.1-3 microns prior to formation of each of said porous preformed particles, each of said porous preformed particles has 10-50% open porosity, said metal material selected from the group consisting of aluminum, magnesium, magnesium alloy, zinc alloy, aluminum-magnesium alloy, said reactive matrix composite having a dissolution rate of about 0.1-5mm /hour in a brine solution, said reactive matrix composite having a strength that is greater than 8000 psig.

US Pat. No. 10,392,310

POROUS PLATE-SHAPED FILLER AGGREGATE, PRODUCING METHOD THEREFOR, AND HEAT-INSULATION FILM CONTAINING POROUS PLATE-SHAPED FILLER AGGREGATE

NGK Insulators, Ltd., Na...

1. A heat-insulation film comprising a plurality of porous plate-shaped fillers, wherein the fillers are arranged as adjacent layers of fillers in the film, the porous plate-shaped fillers have a uniform plate shape with an aspect ratio of 3 or more, a thickness of 0.1 to 50 ?m, a porosity of 20 to 99%, and a deviation of a length among a plurality of the porous plate-shaped fillers, obtained by the following formula, is 10% or less:Deviation of the length (%)=standard deviation of the length/average value of the length×100.

US Pat. No. 10,392,303

CEMENT CLINKER LINE AND A METHOD FOR OPERATING A CEMENT CLINKER LINE

1. A method for manufacturing clinker, the method comprising:sintering raw meal in a kiln to clinker,
preheating raw meal in a preheater using a main flue gas stream from the kiln as a heat source,
dedusting the main flue gas stream downstream from the preheater at a temperature below the boiling point of mercury to produce mercury-loaded dust,
branching off an auxiliary flue gas stream from the main flue gas stream at an auxiliary flue gas stream branch prior to cooling the main flue gas stream to the temperature below the boiling point of mercury, wherein said branching is carried out either at a location downstream from the preheater or at an intermediate gas exit of the preheater,
dedusting the auxiliary flue gas stream to obtain at least essentially mercury-free dust and dedusted auxiliary flue gas stream,
binding mercury of the auxiliary flue gas stream to an adsorbent, wherein the binding comprises injecting the adsorbent into the dedusted auxiliary flue gas stream and cooling the auxiliary flue gas stream, and
removing the adsorbent from the dedusted auxiliary flue gas stream to form removed adsorbent and further processing the dedusted auxiliary flue gas stream.

US Pat. No. 10,392,302

CEMENT CLINKER LINE AND A METHOD FOR OPERATING A CEMENT CLINKER LINE

1. A method for manufacturing clinker, the method comprising:sintering raw meal in a kiln to clinker,
preheating the raw meal in a preheater with the use of a main flue gas stream from the kiln as a heat source,
dedusting the main flue gas stream at a location downstream from the preheater at a temperature below the boiling point of mercury, to obtain dedusted flue gas and mercury-loaded dust,
withdrawing a bypass flue gas stream from the kiln,
vaporizing at least one of mercury and a mercury compound in the bypass flue gas by injecting at least one of (i) a fraction of the mercury-loaded dust and (ii) a fraction of mercury-loaded waste-products into the bypass flue gas stream,
dedusting the bypass flue gas stream,
cooling the bypass flue gas stream to form a cooled bypass flues gas stream and binding at least one of the mercury and the mercury compound to an adsorbent, said adsorbent being injected into the cooled bypass flue gas stream,
removing the adsorbent from the cooled bypass flue gas to form removed adsorbent and further processing the cooled bypass flue gas,
wherein the method further comprises at least injecting, into the bypass flue gas stream, a reductant prior to said dedusting the bypass flue gas stream, and
wherein said dedusting the bypass flue gas stream is carried out with the use of catalytic hot gas filter, to oxidize mercury atoms in the bypass flue gas stream and to convert nitrogen oxides into nitrogen in the same processing step.

US Pat. No. 10,392,297

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SUBSTRATE

SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOE...

1. A method for manufacturing a substrate, comprising:depositing are amorphous silicon layer on a base material;
depositing a silicon dioxide layer with a first thickness on the amorphous silicon layer;
an etching step comprising etching the silicon dioxide layer until a thickness of the silicon dioxide layer is reduced to a second thickness; and
washing the substrate and performing excimer laser annealing to change the amorphous silicon layer into a polysilicon layer.

US Pat. No. 10,392,296

SEALED STRUCTURAL BODY AND METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME

HITACHI, LTD., Tokyo (JP...

1. A sealed structural body including an internal space and made of glass, wherein:at least a part of a boundary between the internal space of the sealed structural body and an outside is separated by a sealing material containing a metal material and a lead-free oxide glass, the lead-free oxide glass containing Te, V, and at least one of element Ag or P,
the metal material has a lower melting point than a softening point at which the lead-free oxide glass begins to flow,
the metal material has a crystalline structure,
the lead-free oxide glass has a non-crystalline structure, the metal material maintains an original particle shape,
a particle diameter of the metal material is 0.5 to 1 times the thickness of the internal space, and
the internal space has a thickness of 70 ?m or greater.

US Pat. No. 10,392,294

BOROSILICATE GLASS WITH LOW BRITTLENESS AND HIGH INTRINSIC STRENGTH, THE PRODUCTION THEREOF, AND THE USE THEREOF

SCHOTT AG, Mainz (DE)

as well as a total of 0-5.0 wt % of further components,wherein the proportions of the components are chosen in such a way that a weighted crosslinking index, that is, the mean number n of constraints per atom, given by
has a value greater than 2.9,wherein N is a total number of constraints per mole and NA is Avogadro's number and c(SiO2), c(Al2O3), and c(B2O3) refer to the molar concentrations of SiO2, Al2O3, and B2O3, the c(Mi2O) values refer to the molar concentrations of the alkali oxides Mi2O present, and the c(MiO) values refer to the molar proportions of the alkaline earth oxides present, and wherein the ratio

where the K(M-O), M=Si, Al, B are the degrees of covalence of the respective M-O bonds of the components SiO2, Al2O3, B2O3, where:
a degree of covalence of 0.5527 for SiO2,
a degree of covalence of 0.6126 for B2O3, and
a degree of covalence of 0.4329 for Al2O3, and wherein the ed(M-O) values are the respective, cation-related dissociation energies of the components SiO2, Al2O3, B2O3 and are given as: 1864 kJ/mol for SiO2, 1572.5 kJ/mol for B2O3, and 1537 kJ/mol for Al2O3.

US Pat. No. 10,392,265

WATER FILTRATION SYSTEM

FOSHAN SHUNDE MIDEA WATER...

1. A water filtration system comprising:a raw water inlet;
a pure water outlet;
a purified water outlet;
a waste water outlet;
an integrated filter cartridge comprising a pre-filter cartridge, a fine filter cartridge and a post-filter cartridge united into a single cartridge unit, and having on an outer surface thereof a first port, a second port, a third port, a fourth port, a fifth port and a sixth port, wherein the second port, the fourth port, the fifth port and the sixth port are located adjacent one another on the outer surface and distant from the first port and the third port, wherein
the first port is connected to the raw water inlet via a raw water flow path, the second port is connected to the purified water outlet via a purified water flow path, a first end of a communication flow path is connected to the third port, a second end of the communication flow path is connected to the second port and the purified water outlet, the fourth port is connected to the pure water outlet via a pure water flow path, the fifth port is connected to the waste water outlet via a waste water flow path, the sixth port is connected to a water storage device via a water storage flow path, and a first end of a return flow path is connected to the purified water outlet and the second port via the purified water flow path and a second end of the return flow path is connected to the waste water outlet and the fifth port via the waste water flow path, such that
raw water entering the raw water inlet flows through the raw water flow path and comes out through the pure water flow path and then the pure water outlet after being filtered by the pre-filter cartridge, the fine filter cartridge and the post-filter cartridge successively,
the raw water entering the raw water inlet enters the water storage device through the water storage flow path after being filtered by the pre-filter cartridge and the fine filter cartridge successively and water in the water storage device then flows out through the pure water flow path and then the pure water outlet after being filtered by the post-filter cartridge, and
the raw water entering the raw water inlet flows out through the purified water flow path and then the purified water outlet after being only filtered by the pre-filter cartridge.

US Pat. No. 10,392,257

METHOD FOR ENHANCING SODIUM BICARBONATE FLOWABILITY

Solvay SA, Brussels (BE)...

1. A process for producing crystalline sodium bicarbonate, comprising:feeding dried sodium bicarbonate solids with a mass flow rate to a fluid bed cooling unit, wherein said cooling unit comprises at least one cooling element through which flows a cooling fluid;
flowing a fluidization gas stream in the fluid bed cooling unit to fluidize the dried sodium bicarbonate solids, in order for the dried sodium bicarbonate solids to be in thermal contact with the at least one cooling element;
withdrawing a sodium bicarbonate product from the fluid bed cooling unit; and
adjusting the temperature of the cooling fluid flowing through the at least one cooling element in order for the sodium bicarbonate product to have an outlet temperature of 95° F. or less when being withdrawn from the fluid bed cooling unit.

US Pat. No. 10,392,251

TREATMENT METHOD FOR SEPARATING CARBON DIOXIDE AND HYDROGEN FROM A MIXTURE

1. A process for treating a mixture for the purpose of separating carbon dioxide and hydrogen from this mixture, the process comprising the steps of:i) cooling and partially condensing the mixture and then separating a first liquid from the mixture in a first phase separator;
ii) treating a gas originating or derived from a top gas from the first phase separator in a pressure swing adsorption module for hydrogen to produce a hydrogen-rich gas and a hydrogen-depleted residual gas; and
iii) cooling and partially condensing said hydrogen-depleted residual gas or a gas derived from said hydrogen-depleted gas and then separating a second liquid the remaining gas in a second phase separator that is different from the first phase separator,
wherein the first liquid or second liquid or a liquid derived from the first liquid or second liquid originating from the first phase separator or from the second phase separator are rich in carbon dioxide as compared to the mixture,
wherein the partial condensations in steps i) and iii) are performed in a same cryogenic unit,
wherein said mixture is partially condensed in step i) at a temperature below ?20° C.

US Pat. No. 10,392,233

CRANE TOWER

Liebherr-Werk Biberach Gm...

17. A rotating tower crane including a crane tower, the crane tower comprising:a crane tower base, which has the crane tower fixed thereto and from which the crane tower extends upwards,
a tension element for bracing the crane tower on the crane tower base, the tension element being a high-strength fiber rope having one of two ends connected to the crane tower base and a respective other end of the two ends connected to a first coupling element, wherein the crane tower base is an undercarriage of the rotating tower crane, and wherein the first coupling element is connected to the crane tower and extends in a first direction relative to the crane tower, and
one or more intermediate coupling elements positioned between the first coupling element and the crane tower base, the one or more intermediate coupling elements further connecting the tension element to the crane tower,
wherein the one or more intermediate coupling elements are connected to the crane tower and extend in the first direction,
wherein the tension element extends outside of the crane tower, the tension element parallel to the crane tower from the first coupling element to the crane tower base, including along and between each of the one or more intermediate coupling elements, and
wherein the first coupling element and the one or more intermediate coupling elements are spaced apart along a longitudinal axis of the crane tower.

US Pat. No. 10,392,229

DEVICE FOR ACTUATING A CAR OR SHAFT DOOR OF AN ELEVATOR SYSTEM

1. A device for actuating first and second movable doors, comprisinga coupling mechanism fastenable to the first door; and
a plate unit cooperating with the coupling mechanism and fixable onto the second door, the plate unit including a counter-element,
the coupling mechanism including a coupling element movable transversely relative to the first door and between a drawn back position not coupled with the counter-element and a position coupled with the counter-element, and
the plate unit including a locking component movable from a locked position in which the plate unit and the second door are in fixed positions to an unlocked position in which the plate unit is in a released position and the second door is movable, the locking component moving toward the coupling element when moving from the locked position into the unlocked position.

US Pat. No. 10,392,211

SHEET CONVEYANCE APPARATUS, IMAGE READING APPARATUS AND IMAGE FORMING APPARATUS

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A sheet conveyance apparatus comprising:a conveyance roller configured to convey a sheet;
a driving source configured to drive the conveyance roller; and
a drive transmission mechanism configured to transmit a driving force from the driving source to the conveyance roller, the drive transmission mechanism comprising:
a shaft;
a first rotary member supported on the shaft and driven to rotate by the driving source;
a second rotary member supported on the shaft and connected to the conveyance roller so as to rotate the conveyance roller; and
a coupling member engaged with the first rotary member and rotated integrally with the first rotary member, the coupling member comprising a body portion positioned on a side opposite from the second rotary member in an axial direction of the shaft with respect to the first rotary member and a projected portion projected from the body portion and extending toward the second rotary member in the axial direction through the first rotary member,
the coupling member being movable in the axial direction between a coupling position, at which the projected portion engages with the second rotary member such that the second rotary member rotates integrally with the first rotary member, and a release position, at which the projected portion is separated from the second rotary member such that a relative rotation of the second rotary member with respect to the first rotary member is permitted,
wherein the first rotary member comprises an opening portion through which the projected portion of the coupling member is inserted, and
the second rotary member comprises an engagement portion engaging with the projected portion projected from the first rotary member through the opening portion.

US Pat. No. 10,392,205

PEDESTRIAN-VEHICLE WARNING SYSTEMS FOR LOADING DOCKS

RITE-HITE HOLDING CORPORA...

1. A safety system for a loading dock to receive a vehicle approaching a doorway in a wall at the loading dock, the safety system comprising:a sensor at the loading dock to sense the vehicle approaching the loading dock, the first sensor to provide a first signal in response to the vehicle approaching the loading dock;
an alarm device mounted at a lower elevation than a lowermost edge defining an opening of the doorway, the alarm device being between a first lateral edge and a second lateral edge of the opening defining the doorway, the alarm device to provide an alarm signal to warn a pedestrian in a path of the approaching vehicle in response to the first signal; and
a signal device mounted adjacent the first lateral edge of the doorway and at a higher elevation relative to the alarm device, the signal device configured to provide a status signal to a driver of the vehicle, the status signal being independent from the alarm signal.

US Pat. No. 10,392,200

APPARATUS FOR DIVIDING HORTICULTURAL PRODUCTS

UNITEC S.P.A., Lugo (IT)...

1. An apparatus for dividing horticultural products, propelled by a fluid for transport from an intake region, connected to an upstream station, to an evacuation region, connected to a downstream station, the apparatus comprising: a supporting frame for a contoured floor, arranged so that a first edge is at said intake region and arranged so that a second edge, arranged opposite said first edge, is at said evacuation region, said contoured floor comprising a plurality of lanes interposed in a parallel arrangement between said regions and have a substantially V-shaped transverse cross-section for a progressive conveyance and alignment of the horticultural products in transit along a bottom of each one of said lanes, and further comprising at least one auxiliary redirection element interposed between a pair of said adjacent lanes, substantially at said second edge, for the conveyance of the transport fluid toward said bottom of said lanes, wherein said at least one auxiliary redirection element comprises a pillar that protrudes from the respective said adjacent lanes, substantially at said second edge, the face of said pillar that is directed toward said lanes having a curvilinear surface configured for the conveyance of the transport fluid towards said bottom of said lanes, and wherein said face has a substantially semi-cylindrical surface.

US Pat. No. 10,392,193

CHAIN CONVEYOR LINK

Joy Global Underground Mi...

1. A link assembly for moving material in a direction of movement from a first end of a conveyor toward a second end of the conveyor, the link assembly comprising:a first link including a first side edge positioned between a first end and a second end of the first link, the first link including a first indicator; and
a second link including a second side edge extending between a first end and a second end of the second link, the second link including a second indicator, the second link coupled to the first link such that the first side edge of the first link overlaps with the second side edge of the second link in a direction transverse to the direction of movement, elongation of the first link in the direction of movement causes the first indicator to move relative to the second indicator, and a position of the first indicator relative to the second indicator providing an indication of a wear condition of the first link.

US Pat. No. 10,392,187

COUPLER WITH QUICK RELEASE HANDLE AND VALVE ASSEMBLIES

OPW-ENGINEERED SYSTEMS, I...

1. A fluid coupling, comprising:a body having a fluid conduit extending therethrough, the body comprising a through-hole in a side wall thereof and one or more openings through an end wall thereof;
a poppet valve assembly disposed within the fluid conduit, the poppet valve assembly being selectively movable between an open position and a closed position;
a handle shaft assembly interconnected with the poppet valve assembly, the handle shaft assembly being actuatable to move the poppet valve assembly between the open position and the closed position, a portion of the handle shaft assembly extending through the through-hole; and
a retention member that is selectively insertable into the body through the one or more openings to hold the handle shaft assembly in the body.

US Pat. No. 10,392,185

COVER FOR STORAGE TANKS

Grice Energy, LLC, Lone ...

1. A system for covering a liquid in a storage tank and depositing said liquid in said storage tank, comprising:said storage tank having a bottom, an outer wall, and a roof that form an enclosed volume, said storage tank having an access port with a cross sectional area;
said liquid at least partially filling said enclosed volume of said storage tank, said liquid having an upper surface;
a flexible cover having at least one membrane, said flexible cover having an uncompressed cross sectional area larger than said cross sectional area of said access port and a compressed cross sectional area smaller than said cross sectional area of said access port to allow said flexible cover to pass through said access port;
an inset of said flexible cover that defines a space between said flexible cover and said storage tank; and
a conduit having an open upper end and an open lower end, wherein said conduit extends through said storage tank and said space defined by said inset of said flexible cover such that said lower end of said conduit is positioned below said upper surface of said liquid, wherein said lower end of said conduit is offset from said bottom of said storage tank by a predetermined distance, wherein said conduit is configured to deposit liquid from outside said storage tank to below said upper surface of said liquid.

US Pat. No. 10,392,184

CAPSULE AND SYSTEM USING SAME FOR PREPARING A BEVERAGE

Koninklijke Douwe Egberts...

1. A capsule for preparing a predetermined quantity of beverage suitable for consumption using an extractable product, the capsule comprising:a circumferential first wall,
a second wall closing the circumferential first wall at a first end, and
a flexible sheet-shaped perforate and/or porous third wall closing the circumferential first wall at a second, open, end opposite the second wall,
wherein the first, second and third wall enclose an inner space comprising the extractable product,
wherein the third wall forms an outermost boundary of the capsule in an axial direction thereof in use,
wherein the third wall comprises a woven or non-woven filtering material, and
wherein the capsule further comprises a lid seal at least partially removable connected to the third wall for sealing the third wall prior to use.

US Pat. No. 10,392,178

PREPARING BEVERAGES CONTAINING CANNABINOIDS USING BEVERAGE CONTAINERS WITH POLYMER MATRICES

ZEN POTION, INC., Pleasa...

1. A beverage container for preparing a beverage containing cannabinoids, comprising:a hollow container with a first reservoir and a second reservoir distinct from the first reservoir, both the first reservoir and the second reservoir positioned within the hollow container, the first reservoir configured to store an aqueous beverage, the second reservoir sealingly storing one or more polymer matrices that include cannabinoid compounds, the second reservoir preventing an exposure of the one or more polymer matrices to the aqueous beverage prior to the second reservoir being opened, the second reservoir being configured to release the one or more polymer matrices stored in the second reservoir into the aqueous beverage subsequent to the second reservoir being opened, the hollow container defining an opening through which a liquid in the hollow container is allowed to egress from the hollow container; and
a closure sealingly and openably coupled with the opening of the hollow container, the closure operably coupled with the second reservoir such that opening of the closure initiates opening of the second reservoir, the closure sealing the opening of the hollow container and preventing egress, from the hollow container, of the aqueous beverage or the one or more polymer matrices stored in the hollow container prior to the closure being opened, the closure allowing egress of the aqueous beverage and the one or more polymer matrices subsequent to the closure being opened, wherein the hollow container is a bottle, wherein:
the closure includes a cap;
the cap includes an object at least partially located within the cap, the cap having one or more protrusions and/or indentations, adjacent to the opening of the hollow container, on an inner surface of the cap, the one or more protrusions and/or indentations defining a neck having a diameter smaller than a representative dimension of the object, the neck preventing egress, from the beverage container, of the object at least partially located within in the cap, the object being sealingly positioned in contact with the one or more protrusions and/or indentations, preventing egress, from the beverage container, of the aqueous beverage or the cannabinoid compounds stored in the beverage container prior to the closure being opened;
the beverage container includes one or more inner sidewalls of the bottle, one or more inner sidewalls of the cap, an inner bottom surface of the bottle, and a separation layer, positioned inside the beverage container and adjacent to the one or more protrusions and/or indentations, and between the object and the bottom surface;
the first reservoir is defined by the separation layer, the bottom surface, at least a portion of the one or more inner sidewalls of the bottle, and at least a portion of the one or more inner sidewalls of the cap; and
the second reservoir is defined at least by the object, at least a portion of the one or more protrusions and/or indentations, and the separation layer.

US Pat. No. 10,392,171

CAP AND A METHOD FOR MAKING A SOFT DRINK

EASYSODA FINLAND OY, Esp...

1. A cap for making a beverage in a threaded bottle, the cap comprising an inner cap (1), an outer cap (2) and a flavor container (4), the inner cap (1) having external threads (5), and internal threads (6) that match the threads of the mouth of the bottle and the outer cap (2) having internal threads (7) that match the external threads (5) of the inner cap (1), the cap comprising a first releaser (8) for opening the flavor container (4) into the bottle when the cap is being screwed onto the mouth of the bottle, whereinthe cap comprises a carbon dioxide container (3) and a second releaser (9) for opening the carbon dioxide container (3) into the bottle when the outer cap (2) and the inner cap (1) are being screwed relative to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,392,167

VENTABLE CLOSURE WITH PORT

Nalge Nunc International ...

1. A closure for a labware device defining an interior chamber and having at least one opening in fluid communication with the interior chamber, the closure comprising:a closure body configured to be mounted to the labware device and in fluid communication with the at least one opening, the closure body having a venting region, an outer sidewall and an inner sidewall operably coupled to the outer sidewall by the venting region;
a vent valve mounted within the closure body for upward and downward movement relative to the closure body and defining a space between the closure body and the vent valve, the space defining a path between the closure body and the vent valve for gas exchange between the interior chamber and the exterior of the labware device through the venting region of the closure body, wherein the venting region comprises a plurality of openings in communication with the space and the vent valve includes at least one boss thereon, and the venting region having a shape defining a plurality of positions, each of the plurality of positions being shaped to engage the least one boss of the vent valve; and
a filter positioned within the space and configured to filter contaminants from a gas entering the interior chamber via the path.

US Pat. No. 10,392,166

SQUIRT DISPENSING CLOSURE FOR LIQUID DRINK CONCENTRATE

Silgan Dispensing Systems...

1. A dispensing closure comprising:a closure body;
a cap;
a hinge structure connecting said cap to said closure body, said cap being hingedly movable between a closed position and an open position; and
a flow baffle,
said closure body including
a closure deck,
a tubular dispensing spout having an upper portion extending upwardly from said closure deck and further having a lower portion extending downwardly from said closure deck, said tubular dispensing spout providing a flow conduit from an interior of said closure body to an exterior thereof,
an inner skirt wall extending downwardly from said closure deck encircling said lower portion of said dispensing spout, said inner skirt wall including container mounting formations,
an outer skirt wall extending downwardly from said closure deck, and
an annular shoulder extending downwardly from said closure deck within said inner skirt wall and encircling said lower portion of said dispensing spout,
said flow baffle including
a bottom wall,
a side wall extending upwardly from said bottom wall wherein a peripheral upper edge of said side wall is received in snap fitting engagement with said annular shoulder of said closure body,
a fluid well formed in said bottom wall,
a fluid opening formed on a peripheral edge of said bottom wall,
an arcuate baffling wall extending upwardly from said bottom wall in closely spaced facing relation with said side wall and adjacent said fluid opening and forming a restricted flow gap extending from said fluid opening into an interior of said flow baffle,
a baffling post extending upwardly from within said fluid well, said baffling post having an outer diameter which is less than an interior diameter of said flow conduit of said lower portion of said dispensing spout, said baffling post being received within said flow conduit to form a restricted annular flow passage therebetween.

US Pat. No. 10,392,164

TUBE SQUEEZE DEVICE

NAKASU ELECTRIC CO., LTD....

1. A tube squeeze device for squeezing contents out of a tube, the tube squeeze device comprising:a body;
a handle extending from the body;
an operation lever axially supported by the body via a rotation shaft such that the operation lever is disposed facing the handle, the operation lever being capable of turning in two directions within a prescribed range of movement;
a first gear axially supported by the body via the rotation shaft so as to be capable of rotating;
a one-way clutch for linking the operation lever and the first gear such that the first gear is caused to rotate in a forward direction when the operation lever is turned in the forward direction and such that the first gear is not caused to rotate when the operation lever is turned in a reverse direction;
a second gear axially supported by the body so as to be capable of rotating and so as to mesh with the first gear;
a main roller joined with the second gear so as to rotate synchronously with the second gear; and
an auxiliary roller that follows the rotation of the main roller and squeezes the tube together with the main roller,
wherein the rotation shaft is movably supported by an elongate hole provided in the body, whereby the rotation shaft is movable along a longitudinal axis of the elongate hole from a meshing position in which the first gear and the second gear mesh with each other to an idle position in which the first gear and the second gear are separate from each other, and
wherein when the operation lever turns in the forward direction in a state where the rotation of the main roller in the forward direction is restricted, the rotation shaft moves from the meshing position to the idle position, such that the first gear idles relative to the second gear.

US Pat. No. 10,392,154

PROCEDURE FOR MANUFACTURING A LAMINATED PACKAGE FOR SOLID PRODUCTS IN POWDER OR GRAIN FORM, AS WELL AS A PACKAGE OBTAINED BY THIS PROCEDURE

Lubuag Ltd., Sea Port, V...

1. A laminated package for solid products in powder or grain form, comprising a die-pressed coil of printed and laminated material which defines an outer shape of a template of the package, a window at a top of one side of the package, an opening injected-plastic dispensing mouth positioned in the window, a set of main stiffening notches set in front and rear faces of the package, at least one further window in said package, and at least one valve for loading inert gas and evacuating air contained in the package, positioned in the at least one further window.

US Pat. No. 10,392,144

HYDRAULIC STEEL STRAPPING MACHINE

MEISHAN CRRC FASTENING SY...

1. A hydraulic steel strapping machine comprising:a clamping and cutting section, comprising:
a support frame;
a linkage mechanism comprising two groups of connecting rods, each of the groups comprising four connecting rods, two lower connecting rods of the four connecting rods biting against a buckle and a steel strip inside the buckle at four bite points;
a clamping cylinder disposed on a top portion of the support frame along a Z direction and driving the linkage mechanism;
a cylinder pin disposed in the linkage mechanism along the X direction, and sleeved by a lifting lug fixed onto a bottom surface of a piston of the clamping cylinder;
a pressing part sleeved around the cylinder pin;
a cutter, a return spring and a transverse cutter, wherein each of the cutter, the return spring and the transverse cutter is disposed below the pressing part; and
a distance between a back surface of the buckle and the cutter along the X direction is 3-10 mm;
a tensioning section comprising:
two tensioning cylinders;
a tensioning mechanism disposed between the tensioning cylinders;
a piston rod of each of the tensioning cylinders fixed onto two ends of a back rest along a Y direction, two side rests disposed along the X direction, a first end of each of the side rests fixed on the back rest, a second end sleeved onto an end of a pin of an eccentric wheel;
a guide bar disposed on a surface of each of the tensioning cylinders;
an end of the steel strip pressed by a clamping tooth of the eccentric wheel and a working surface of a supporting table disposed under the eccentric wheel;
a kicker pin disposed to abut against the eccentric wheel;
two ends of a tensioning spring tied to the two side rests respectively, and the tensioning spring passing through a hole of the eccentric wheel; and
a thickness of the steel strip being 0-1.5 mm; and
a hinge system disposed on front ends of the two tensioning cylinders in an axial direction, comprising:
a hinge pin disposed along the Y direction, a cutter frame, and a hinge return spring;
the hinge pin fixed onto a rear end surface of a back plate of the support frame by two trunnion seats disposed along the Y direction;
the cutter frame comprising two side frames and a cutter platform under the side frame, the side frames respectively fixed onto the two tensioning cylinders along the X direction and sleeved around two ends of the hinge pin through a hole drilled on the side frame; and
a back end of the hinge return spring disposed in a spring hole of the cutter frame.

US Pat. No. 10,392,141

BAG FORMING DEVICE AND PACKAGING MACHINE COMPRISING THE SAME

DONGGUAN FOISON PACKING M...

1. A bag forming device, comprising at least two bag forming units, each bag forming unit being provided for passing through a packaging film, wherein each bag forming unit comprises a deflection element and a folding element, the folding element comprises a forming tube, the forming tubes of the bag forming units are arranged in a first direction in sequence; the deflection element comprises a first transition element, an inclined transition portion that is arranged above the first transition element, and a second transition element, and the first transition element and the second transition element are distributed in a width direction of the deflection element with the second transition element being closer to the folding element than the first transition element, a front end surface of the inclined transition portion is provided as an inclined transition surface which is in an inclined arrangement, whereinin one bag forming unit, the deflection element, the first transition element, the inclined transition portion, the second transition element, the folding element and the forming tubes in the folding element are configured and arranged such that:
the packaging film is moved from rear of the deflection element to front of the deflection element in a second direction, and when the packaging film is moved around the deflection element, the packaging film moves along the following moving route: from front of the deflection element where the inclined transition surface is located, to one of two side ends of the deflection element where the first transition element is located, to the other side end of the two side ends of the deflection element where the second transition element is located after passing through the first transition element, and then moves downward parallel and opposite to a height direction of the defection element after passing through the second transition element, wherein the two side ends are left side end and right side end of the deflection element and are distributed in the width direction of the deflection element, and more than one film moving positions are provided in the deflection element in the moving route for passing through of the packaging film to make deflection of the packaging film sequentially, the film moving positions include the inclined transition surface, an outer side surface of the first transition element, and an outer side surface of the second transition element, for successive passing of the packaging film;
wherein the outer side surface of the second transition element and the outer side surface of the first transition element are distributed in the width direction of the deflection element;
wherein from a side end of the inclined transition surface that is close to the outer side surface of the first transition element, to a side end of the inclined transition surface that is close to the outer side surface of the second transition element, the inclined transition surface gradually leans backward;
when the packaging film is moved through the folding element, the packaging film is folded longitudinally, and longitudinal openings of the packaging films after longitudinal folding all face towards the first direction, and the packaging film moves along an axial direction of the forming tube when the packaging film is moving through the forming tube, and
wherein the height direction of the deflection element is perpendicular to the first direction and the second direction is perpendicular to the first direction and the height direction of the deflection element.

US Pat. No. 10,392,133

METHOD FOR PLANNING THE ACQUISITION OF IMAGES OF AREAS OF THE EARTH BY A SPACECRAFT

AIRBUS DEFENCE AND SPACE ...

1. A method for planning an acquisition of images of terrestrial areas Z1, . . . , ZN by a spacecraft on a mission around the Earth following a predetermined traveling orbit, each terrestrial area Zi being associated with a request Ri of priority pi such that the terrestrial area Zi corresponds to a visual accessibility time period Ti along said predetermined traveling orbit, comprising following successive steps:determining, for each period Ti, discrete acquisition opportunities for the terrestrial area Zi such that a start date included in said period Ti, a duration of execution, a kinematic local constraint and a weight are associated with each discrete acquisition opportunity;
grouping together the discrete acquisition opportunities of the terrestrial area Zi into a set D;
ranking the discrete acquisition opportunities of the set D, the discrete acquisition opportunities being ranked in order of increasing start date and denoted by Di;
evaluating a kinematic compatibility between the discrete acquisition opportunities of the set D, taken pairwise according to their respective rankings; and
determining an optimum sequence of discrete acquisition opportunities having a maximum weight, and being kinematically compatible.

US Pat. No. 10,392,116

DE-ICING SYSTEM FOR AIRCRAFT

SAFRAN AEROSYSTEMS, Plai...

1. A de-icing system for an aircraft surface, comprising:at least one recess created in the surface, the recess comprising a plurality of unitary cells that are bounded and separated from other cells by a pattern of protrusions within the recess that divides the recess into the plurality of unitary cells,
each cell in the plurality of cells in fluid communication with a port system for separately delivering a vacuum and a pressurized fluid to each cell;
a single erosion shield covering the recess, wherein the single erosion shield is shared in common by the plurality of unitary cells,
wherein each unitary cell in the plurality of unitary cells is formed as a cavity, the cavity defined at its base by the aircraft surface, defined at one or more sides by the protrusions, and defined at its upper surface by its portion of the erosion shield,
wherein application of pressurized fluid to a first unitary cell in the plurality of unitary cells creates a pulse in the erosion shield, creating a pattern of multiple undulating waved pulses across the erosion shield.

US Pat. No. 10,392,114

AIRCRAFT SEATING ASSEMBLY

ENCORE SEATS, INC., Alis...

1. An aircraft seating assembly for installation in an aircraft, the assembly comprising:a back support; and
a retention system coupled to the back support, the retention system configured to retain an object in place by clamping a lower portion of the object, the retention system comprising:
a base member; and
a clamp member rotatably coupled to the base member at a lower portion of the base member;
wherein the retention system is configured to clamp a front surface of the lower portion of the object and a back surface of the lower portion of the object between the base member and the clamp member to retain the object in place.

US Pat. No. 10,392,106

TILTROTOR PROPULSION SYSTEM FOR AN AIRCRAFT

General Electric Company,...

1. An aircraft comprising:a fuselage extending between a forward end and an aft end;
a forward wing assembly attached to or formed integrally with the fuselage proximate the forward end of the fuselage;
an aft wing assembly attached to or formed integrally with the fuselage proximate the aft end of the fuselage; and
a propulsion system comprising
a port forward propulsor and a starboard forward propulsor, the port and starboard forward propulsors each attached to the forward wing assembly on opposing sides of the fuselage and rotatable between a forward thrust position and a vertical thrust position, the port and starboard forward propulsors together defining a maximum forward thrust capability; and
a port aft propulsor and a starboard aft propulsor, the port and starboard aft propulsors each attached to the aft wing assembly on opposing sides of the fuselage and rotatable between a forward thrust position and a vertical thrust position, the port and starboard aft propulsors together defining a maximum aft thrust capability, the maximum forward thrust capability being different than the maximum aft thrust capability, and wherein the maximum forward thrust capability is greater than the maximum aft thrust capability.

US Pat. No. 10,392,098

HIGH STIFFNESS HUB ASSEMBLIES FOR ROTOR SYSTEMS

Bell Textron Inc., Fort ...

1. A high stiffness hub assembly for a rotor system operable to rotate with a mast of a rotorcraft, the hub assembly comprising:a yoke having a plurality of blade arms each configured to hold a rotor blade, the yoke having a rotational plane and an upper surface; and
a constant velocity joint assembly providing a torque path from the mast to the yoke, the torque path including a trunnion assembly, a plurality of drive links and a plurality of pillow blocks, the trunnion assembly coupled to the mast and having a plurality of outwardly extending trunnions, each of the drive links having a leading bearing coupled to one of the trunnions and a trailing bearing coupled to one of the pillow blocks and each pillow block independently mounted between the upper surface of the yoke and a hub plate;
wherein, the yoke has a gimballing degree of freedom relative to the mast.

US Pat. No. 10,392,089

CONTRA-ROTATING PROPULSOR FOR MARINE PROPULSION

MICHIGAN MARINE PROPULSIO...

1. A system for providing propulsion to a marine vessel, the system comprising:a rotatable armature defining a first longitudinal axis;
a rotatable carrier surrounding the armature;
a plurality of outer field windings mounted to the carrier;
an internal output shaft coupled to the armature;
an external output shaft coupled to the carrier surrounding the internal output shaft;
a forward propulsor element coupled to the external output shaft;
an aft propulsor element coupled to the internal output shaft; and
at least one rotation altering element coupled to at least one of the carrier or the armature and being selectively activatable for altering the rotational speeds of the carrier and the armature.

US Pat. No. 10,392,088

WING FOR THE PROPULSION OF A VEHICLE

CWS MOREL, Paris (FR)

1. A wing for the propulsion of a craft, comprising:an external envelope; and
at least one profile structure surrounded by the external envelope, the profile structure comprising:
an articulated internal structure having a longitudinal orientation relative to the profile structure and composed of a plurality of elements articulated to one another through rotating links;
an assembly of controllers to control a deformation of the external envelope, each controller is rotatably mounted with respect to the internal structure and is rotatably mounted with respect to the external envelope through at least one rotating link, movements of the external envelope and each controller are linked to each other such that the external envelope cannot move independent of said each controller; and
wherein each controller comprises at least one curved surface configured to orient a curvature of the external envelope locally between said each controller and an adjacent controller.

US Pat. No. 10,392,070

SYSTEM FOR ASSISTING IN DRIVING A BICYCLE BY SENDING A HAPTIC FEEDBACK TO A CYCLIST

Blubrake S.r.l., Milan (...

1. System for assisting in driving a bicycle by sending a haptic feedback to a cyclist, comprising:means for detecting the current value of a target quantity (q; v);
a memory module wherein an optimal profile of said target quantity is stored or storable, as a function of a spatial position (x) of the bicycle along a predetermined path, or as a function of time (t), configured for supplying an optimal value of the target quantity (qmax; vmax) corresponding to the current spatial position (x) of the bicycle along the predetermined path or corresponding to the current instant (t);
a comparator module configured for determining a quantity representative of the error (eq; ev) between said current value of the target quantity (q; v) and said optimal value of the target quantity (qmax; vmax) supplied by the memory module;
an actuator applicable to a portion of the bicycle, suitable for generating vibrations;
a control module configured for determining a vibration frequency (f) of the actuator, based on said error (eq; ev) between the current (q; v) and the optimal values (qmax; vmax) of the target quantity and for generating a command signal of the actuator so that the actuator vibrates at said vibration frequency (f), wherein said vibration implements the haptic feedback to the cyclist,
wherein said quantity representative of the error between the current value of the target quantity (q; v) and the optimal value of the target quantity (qmax; vmax) is calculated by the comparator module, based on the following relation:
eq=(qmax?q)/qmax
wherein:
q is the current value of the target quantity;
qmax is the optimal value of the target quantity, and
wherein said vibration frequency (f) is settable by the control module between a maximum value (fmax) and a value equal to 0, so that:
the vibration frequency (f) is equal to the maximum frequency (fmax) if the current value of the target quantity (q, v) is greater than the optimal value of the target quantity (qmax; vmax);
the vibration frequency (f) gradually or instantaneously decreases as the current value of the target quantity (q, v) decreases in comparison with the optimal value of the target quantity (qmax; vmax), until it becomes zero when the target quantity error (eq) reaches a threshold value eq* in the range 0-1.

US Pat. No. 10,392,064

ASSEMBLY FOR STORING BICYCLES

PFL SPACES PTY LTD, Bris...

1. An assembly for storing two bicycles each having a front wheel, a rear wheel, and a frame that has a seat post with a seat and a goose neck that is connected to the front wheel and handle bars, the assembly including:at least one fixed rail; and
a support frame on which the bicycles can be loaded in an elevated position above the ground with one of the bicycles on opposite sides of the fixed rail, wherein the support frame has a carriage that is arranged to travel along the rail that allows the support frame to move between a forward advanced position for loaded and unloading the bicycle from the support frame, and a rearward retracted position for storing the bicycle, and the support frame is configured so as to protrude beyond the rail when the support frame is located in the forward advanced position which facilitates a user loading the bicycle onto the support frame without obstruction from the rail, and wherein the support frame has support brackets that are fixedly connected to opposite sides of the support frame and extend outwardly at a forward end and at a rearward end of the support frame, wherein the support brackets include:
first support brackets that are fixed on opposite sides of the support frame, and the first support brackets extend above the rail and receive the goose neck of the bicycles so that the handle bars rest on the first support bracket with the handle bars above the rail,
second support brackets that are fixed on the opposite sides of the support frame, and receive the seat post so that the underside of the seats of the bicycles rest on the second support bracket,
and in which the support brackets at the forward end of the support frame are at different heights to each other, and the support brackets at the rearward end of the support frame are at different heights to each other for minimizing the likelihood for bicycles to clash.

US Pat. No. 10,392,063

MANUFACTURING PLANT, CONVEYING SYSTEM AND METHOD

KUKA SYSTEMS GMBH, Augsb...

1. A method for manufacturing workpieces in a manufacturing plant, the method comprising the steps of:providing the manufacturing plant with a plurality of manufacturing stations and with a conveying system for conveying the workpieces within the manufacturing plant and between the manufacturing stations;
providing each of the manufacturing stations with a modular configuration, with each modular configuration comprising one or more integrated manufacturing cells, with each of the one or more manufacturing cells having a process area comprising a workpiece receiving device and comprising a plurality of industrial robots arranged adjacent to the workpiece receiving device for processing the received workpiece;
conveying the workpiece with the conveying system on a conveying path network comprising a plurality of conveying paths connected to one another and intersecting one another and by means of a conveying device with a plurality of automatic conveying devices that are movable automatically as driverless, programmed and remote-controlled conveying devices, on the conveying paths in a conveying line system comprising a plurality of conveying lines of the conveying system, wherein the conveying paths are connected crosswise and form a branched conveying path network wherein the conveying paths extend along and between the manufacturing stations;
configuring the conveying paths as floor based travel paths that are connected to the plurality of manufacturing stations arranged in a station matrix with the automatic conveying devices each being configured as floor-mounted and self-steering vehicles with contactless guidance;
providing each of the manufacturing stations with an interface arrangement, wherein each interface arrangement comprises a conveying line connection with at least one of the conveying paths in the conveying line system for transferring workpieces between the manufacturing station and one of the automatic conveying devices and with each interface arrangement comprising an input interface located at a spaced location from or spatially combined with a functionally separate output interface with the input interface connected to at least one of the plurality of conveying lines and with the output interface connected to at least a different one of the plurality of conveying lines;
providing each of the automatic conveying devices or each of the interface arrangements with a changing device and transferring one or more workpieces or one or more workpiece carriers between the automatic conveying devices and the manufacturing stations with the changing device;
providing each of the manufacturing stations with an internal conveying logistics comprising one or more industrial, multiaxial, handling robots conveying between the one or more cells, the input interface and the output interface; and
providing each of the manufacturing stations with a station barrier extending peripherally on an outside of each respective manufacturing station.

US Pat. No. 10,392,059

TRACKED VEHICLE SUSPENSION SYSTEMS AND METHODS

DELVE INTERNATIONAL INC.,...

1. A tracked vehicle having a pivotable suspension, the vehicle comprising:a vehicle frame;
a motor configured to produce power for the vehicle;
a left track assembly and a right track assembly each connected to the frame, the left and right track assemblies each comprising:
a drive wheel configured to be driven by the motor;
an endless track configured to be driven by the drive wheel, the endless track having an outer side and an inner side;
a base member attached to the vehicle frame, the base member being elongated to extend along a length of the inner side of the endless track;
a bogie positioned on the inner side of the endless track;
a support wheel attached to the bogie and configured to roll on the inner side of the endless track;
a strut connected to the base member and connected to the bogie, the strut being pivotable relative to the base member;
a shock absorber connected to the base member and connected to the strut, the shock absorber being pivotable relative to the base member.

US Pat. No. 10,392,051

VEHICLE DRIVING ASSIST APPARATUS

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A vehicle driving assist apparatus comprising:a camera mounted on a vehicle and configured to:
obtain an image of a landscape ahead of the vehicle, and
acquire image data corresponding to data of the obtained image; and
an electric control unit configured to:
acquire a road end line corresponding to a boundary between a road on which the vehicle travels and an area outside of the road by using the acquired image data,
execute a road end line departure prevention control operation to control a traveling direction of the vehicle and prevent the vehicle from departing from the acquired road end line,
in response to the electric control unit failing to acquire the road end line: (i) execute an interpolation estimation process to estimate the road end line as an estimated road end line based on a last road end line corresponding to a road end line acquired immediately before the electric control unit failed to acquire the road end line, (ii) execute the road end line departure prevention control operation to prevent the vehicle from departing from the estimated road end line, and (iii) refrain from executing the interpolation estimation process and the road end line departure prevention control operation upon a predetermined time elapsing after the electric control unit becomes unable to acquire the road end line, and
in response to the last road end line extending toward a vehicle traveling lane in which the vehicle travels, (i) acquire a road end line angle defined between an extending direction of the last road end line and an extending direction of the vehicle traveling lane, and (ii) decrease the predetermined time in response to the road end line angle increasing.

US Pat. No. 10,392,032

SIDE GLAZING FOR MEANS OF TRANSPORT FIXED FROM THE OUTSIDE

SAINT-GOBAIN GLASS FRANCE...

1. A fixed side glazing for a means of transport, said glazing comprising:a glazed element having an exterior face that faces an exterior space, an interior face which faces an interior space, and a peripheral edge face,
at least one mounting plate having an exterior face situated facing the interior face of said glazed element, an interior face oriented toward said interior space, and a peripheral edge face, and said exterior face of said mounting plate being bonded to said interior face of said glazed element by means of a layer of glue,
a peripheral profiled strip, situated at least partly on said interior face and further toward the periphery of said interior face of said glazed element than said mounting plate,
a threaded rod which extends substantially perpendicular to said interior face of said glazed element and in the direction of said interior space,
wherein said mounting plate has a hole passing all the way through and opening onto the exterior face and onto the interior face of the mounting plate and said glazed element has at least one hole passing all the way through and opening onto the exterior face and onto the interior face of the glazed element, said hole in the glazed element being coaxial with said hole in said mounting plate.

US Pat. No. 10,392,029

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR THE OUTPUT OF HAPTIC INFORMATION TO THE DRIVER OF A MOTOR VEHICLE VIA THE BRAKE PEDAL

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A method comprising:ascertaining, by a processor and based on signals of an environment-sensor system, imminence of a traffic situation that poses a potential risk to a motor vehicle; and
modifying, by the processor, during a driving of the motor vehicle, independent of a driver input, and in response to the ascertained imminence of the traffic situation, a characteristic of a brake pedal of the motor vehicle, thereby providing haptic information to a driver of the motor vehicle, wherein the pedal characteristic describes the correlation between a counterforce quantity that characterizes a counterforce acting on the driver's foot through the brake pedal, and a pedal-travel quantity that characterizes a pedal travel of the brake pedal;
ascertaining a brake force that is optimal for managing the imminent traffic situation;
determining that a brake force applied by the driver is less than the ascertained optimal brake force; and
based on determining that the brake force applied by the driver is less than the ascertained optimal brake force, modifying the pedal characteristic in a manner by which the counterforce of the brake pedal acting on the driver's foot through the brake pedal is reduced.

US Pat. No. 10,392,027

DRIVING ASSISTANCE CONTROL APPARATUS

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A driving assistance control apparatus comprising:a control unit that alternately switches to an operation mode that is either of a driving assistance mode that is an operation mode in which driving assistance is performed, driving assistance being that in which a portion or all of driving operations related to traveling of an own vehicle is automatically performed, and a manual driving mode that is an operation mode in which traveling is performed based on a driving operation by a driver without driving assistance being performed; and
a user interface unit that is configured to alternately designate, by input from the driver, an automatic switching mode in which switching between the driving assistance mode and the manual driving mode is autonomously performed, a manual-on mode in which the driving assistance mode is designated to be turned on by input from the driver, and a manual-off mode in which the driving assistance mode is designated to be turned off by input from the driver, wherein
the control unit determines whether or not execution of driving assistance is permitted at a current time, based on a predetermined determination index related to whether or not execution of driving assistance is possible, with or without a designation of the automatic switching mode or the manual-on mode on the user interface unit,
the control unit executes the driving assistance mode when the execution of driving assistance is permitted by the control unit and executes the manual driving mode when the execution of driving assistance is determined to not be permitted by the control unit, under a condition that the automatic switching mode is designated by the user interface unit,
the control unit executes the driving assistance mode when a switch for designating the manual-on mode is operated by the user interface unit, under a condition that the execution of driving assistance is permitted by the control unit, and
the user interface unit does not receive input that designates the manual-on mode when the execution of driving assistance is determined to not be permitted by the control unit, and receives input that designates the automatic switching mode even when the execution of driving assistance is determined to not be permitted by the control unit.

US Pat. No. 10,392,024

MODULAR VEHICLE

APPLIED MINDS, LLC, Burb...

1. A control system configured with one or more established operating relations for operating a modular vehicle, wherein the modular vehicle includes a vehicle platform that is configured to receive one or more selected modules of a plurality of modules at a selected location on the vehicle platform, furthermore the control system comprises a processor, embodying instructions, which when executed by the processor performs steps comprising:recognizing one or more of the selected modules upon installation of the one or more modules at the selected location on the vehicle platform;
receiving preloaded data from the one or more installed modules, wherein the preloaded data comprises attributes related to each module respectively; and
communicating an alert to an operator based on the received attributes and one or more established operating relations.

US Pat. No. 10,392,023

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DETERMINING WHETHER A TRAILER IS ATTACHED TO A VEHICLE

JAGUAR LAND ROVER LIMITED...

1. A system for determining whether a trailer is attached to a vehicle, the system comprising:an electronic processor for receiving pitch data indicative of the pitch of the vehicle, wherein the pitch data comprises, or is used to calculate, a pitch frequency of the vehicle when in motion,
an electronic memory device electrically coupled to the electronic processor and having instructions stored therein,
wherein the electronic processor is configured to access the memory device and execute the instructions stored therein such that the electronic processor is operable to:
calculate a pitch profile of the vehicle from the pitch frequency, and
determine from the pitch profile whether a trailer is attached to the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,392,020

BICYCLE COMPONENT CONTROL SYSTEM

Shimano Inc., Osaka (JP)...

1. A bicycle component control system comprising:an electronic controller being configured to output a control signal to operate both of a first bicycle electric component and a second bicycle electric component in accordance with a correspondence table between an operating state of the first bicycle electric component and an operating state of the second bicycle electric component,
the first bicycle electric component including one of a height adjustable seatpost and a suspension, and the second bicycle electric component includes one of a gear transmission and the other of the height adjustable seatpost and the suspension.

US Pat. No. 10,392,013

COLLISION DETECTION AND AVOIDANCE SYSTEM

1. A collision avoidance system comprising:an image projection system interfaced to an index vehicle and the image projection system configured to project an image on a roadway behind the index vehicle;
one or more sensors interfaced to the index vehicle;
a computer, the computer having preprogrammed data regarding the index vehicle, the computer interfaced to the one or more sensors, obtaining sensor data from the one or more sensors, and the computer operatively coupled to the image projection system for controlling projection of the image;
the computer operatively configured to execute software that operates the computer to iteratively calculate a size of a safety zone based upon the preprogrammed data and the sensor data, the software operates the computer to control the image projection system to project the image on the roadway behind the index vehicle that is the size of the safety zone; and
wherein a collision is detected when the rate of change of the size of the safety zone exceeds a predetermined value that corresponds to an acceleration or a deceleration of greater than 1.1 g.

US Pat. No. 10,392,005

HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLECAPABLE OF SWITCHING DRIVING MODES BASED ON GRADIENT

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A hybrid electric vehicle including:an internal combustion engine;
a motor; and
an engagement and disengagement portion which engages and disengages a power transmission path from the internal combustion engine to a driving wheel,
wherein the hybrid electric vehicle is driven by means of power from at least one of the internal combustion engine and the motor,
wherein the hybrid electric vehicle comprises:
a gradient acquiring portion which acquires a gradient of a road surface on which the hybrid electric vehicle is running; and
a control portion which determines whether the hybrid electric vehicle runs on a first driving by means of power from the motor by releasing the engagement and disengagement portion, or the hybrid electric vehicle runs on a second driving by means of power from at least the internal combustion engine by applying the engagement and disengagement portion, based on (i) a request for a switch between the first driving and the second driving and (ii) a gradient, which is obtained by the gradient acquiring portion, of a downward slope where the hybrid vehicle is running, and
wherein the control portion restricts a switch from the second driving to the first driving when the gradient is equal to or larger than a first threshold value,
wherein the control portion does not restrict the switch from the second driving to the first driving when the gradient is smaller than the first threshold value,
wherein the control portion holds the second driving when the switch from the second driving to the first driving is restricted, even though the control portion obtains a request for a switch to the first driving while the hybrid electric vehicle runs the downward slope on the second driving, and
wherein the control portion switches to the first driving when the switch from the second driving to the first driving is not restricted, in a case where the control portion obtains the request for the switch to the first driving while the hybrid electric vehicle runs the downward slope on the second driving.

US Pat. No. 10,392,003

NAVIGATION-ENHANCED BATTERY STATE OF CHARGE MAINTENANCE

1. A method comprising:determining a vehicle is approaching a downgrade;
determining relevant mass of the vehicle and road load associated with the vehicle;
calculating potential kinetic energy available from the downgrade based upon the relevant mass and road load associated with the vehicle, and one or more characteristics of the downgrade;
determining a potential braking force available from an engine of the vehicle during travel over the downgrade;
determining a target driving force to achieve a desired battery state of charge upon completing travel of the downgrade;
determining an amount of positive motor torque of an electric motor of the vehicle, the amount of positive motor torque determined based on a difference between the target driving force and the potential braking force; and
depleting a battery of the vehicle such that upon completing travel of the downgrade, the desired battery state of charge is achieved through operating the engine and the electric motor of the vehicle in a regenerative braking travel mode relative to the potential kinetic energy available from the downgrade.

US Pat. No. 10,392,001

EFFICIENT ACCELERATION SEMI-AUTONOMOUS FEATURE

1. A system for controlling a vehicle to accelerate efficiently, comprising:a power source configured to generate power to propel the vehicle;
a speed sensor configured to detect a current speed of the vehicle;
a camera configured to detect image data corresponding to a current roadway;
a global positioning system (GPS) sensor configured to detect location data corresponding to a current location of the vehicle; and
an electronic control unit (ECU) coupled to the power source, the speed sensor, the camera, and the GPS sensor, and configured to:
determine a target vehicle speed that is greater than the current speed of the vehicle based on at least one of the image data or the location data,
calculate an energy-efficient acceleration pattern to accelerate the vehicle from the current speed to the target vehicle speed based on a goal to minimize energy usage of the power source, and
control the power source to accelerate the vehicle from the current speed to the target vehicle speed using the energy-efficient acceleration pattern when an efficiency of the energy-efficient acceleration pattern is at least an energy threshold percentage above a previous efficiency of a previously performed acceleration pattern for a same location.

US Pat. No. 10,391,992

BRAKING METHOD FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE AND CONTROL DEVICE FOR A BRAKING METHOD

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A braking method for a vehicle comprising at least one front wheel and at least one rear wheel, wherein a front hydraulically actuatable brake is provided at the at least one front wheel and a rear hydraulically actuatable brake is provided at the at least one rear wheel, and an automatic parking brake is provided at the at least one rear wheel, the method comprising:an initiation phase, including:
generating a first braking force at the at least one front wheel by a hydraulic brake pressure present at the front hydraulically actuatable brake, and
generating a second braking force at the at least one rear wheel exclusively by an electrical actuator of the automatic parking brake while generating the first braking force at the at least one front wheel by the hydraulic brake pressure.

US Pat. No. 10,391,990

VEHICLE BRAKING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME

Robert Bosch GmbH, Stutt...

1. A vehicle braking system comprising:a wheel cylinder;
a master cylinder;
a brake pedal operable to transmit a user input force to the master cylinder;
a primary braking unit including a first electronically controlled pressure generating unit distinct from the master cylinder and operable to generate a braking force at the wheel cylinder in a first mode of operation;
a secondary braking unit including a second electronically controlled pressure generating unit distinct from the master cylinder and operable to generate a braking force at the wheel cylinder in a second mode of operation; and
a pedal feel simulator operable to provide feedback to the brake pedal according to a fixed characteristic of the pedal feel simulator defining a predetermined force-stroke relationship relating a travel distance of the brake pedal to the user input force;
wherein, in the first mode of operation, the braking force is generated by the primary braking unit without the aid of the secondary braking unit, and the secondary braking unit is contemporaneously operable to receive fluid from the master cylinder to diverge from the predetermined force-stroke relationship at the brake pedal.

US Pat. No. 10,391,974

ANTITHEFT SECURITY SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An antitheft security system for a motor vehicle, comprising:a license plate locking mechanism securing a license plate to the motor vehicle; and
a control module including a controller configured to interrupt power from a power source of said motor vehicle in response to disconnection of said license plate from said motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,391,973

VEHICLE ACCESS CONTROL SYSTEM AND METHOD

SIKORSKY AIRCRAFT CORPORA...

1. A vehicle access and control system comprising:an activation system;
a vehicle control system;
a communication system provided in the vehicle;
a computer system mounted in the vehicle; and
a vehicle access control system including a processor, a non-volatile memory, and a set of instructions stored on the non-volatile memory, the set of instructions, when executed by the processor, causing the processor to:
receive at least two user specific identification inputs;
access a user profile associated with the at least two user specific identification inputs;
determine, from the user profile, system permissions associated with at least two user specific identification inputs; and
manage access to one or more of the activation system, vehicle control system, communication system, and the computer system based on the system permissions.

US Pat. No. 10,391,972

SEAT ASSEMBLY, SEATBELT SECURITY SYSTEM, AND METHOD

The Boeing Company, Chic...

1. A seat assembly comprising:a seat; and
a seatbelt coupled to the seat, wherein the seatbelt comprises:
a first strap;
a second strap; and
a latch configured to selectively secure the first strap relative to the second strap, the latch comprising:
a latch sensor configured to provide a secured indication in response to detection that the latch properly secures the first strap of the seatbelt to the second strap of the seatbelt and provide an unsecured indication in response to detection that the latch does not properly secure the first strap of the seatbelt to the second strap of the seatbelt; and
a proximal indicator configured to provide a warning in response to the unsecured indication, the proximal indicator being positioned separate from the seatbelt and spatially corresponding with the seatbelt.

US Pat. No. 10,391,970

SEAT BELT ASSEMBLY

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A seat assembly comprising:a seat back;
a headrest adjustably coupled to the seat back, the headrest defining a first guide passage and a second guide passage each extending through the headrest;
a retractor;
a belt extending continuously from a first end to a second end, the first end engaged with the retractor, the belt having a looped portion from the first guide passage to the second guide passage, the belt extending from the looped portion through the first guide passage to the first end and extending from the looped portion through the second guide passage to the second end;
a pair of clips slidably engaged with the looped portion; and
a pair of buckles releasably engageable with the pair of clips.

US Pat. No. 10,391,969

HEAT-RESISTANCE INCREASING FABRIC SHEET FOR AIRBAG

TOYODA GOSEI CO., LTD., ...

1. A heat-resistance increasing fabric sheet for an airbag that is deployed and inflated by inflation gas discharged from a gas outlet portion of an inflator, whereina plurality of members constituting the airbag includes a plurality of direct injection gas contacting members, which contact the inflation gas,
at least one of the direct injection gas contacting members is defined as a member subjected to an increase in heat resistance,
the heat-resistance increasing fabric sheet is configured to increase a heat resistance of the member subjected to an increase in heat resistance,
the heat-resistance increasing fabric sheet comprising:
a base fabric sheet, which is made of cotton fibers and arranged between the member subjected to an increase in heat resistance and the gas outlet portion;
a heat-resistant layer, which is made of aluminum foil laminated on a surface of the base fabric sheet that faces the gas outlet portion; and
a top coat layer, which is made of a plastic film laminated on a surface of the heat-resistant layer that faces the gas outlet portion.

US Pat. No. 10,391,967

ROOF AIRBAG APPARATUS

HYUNDAI MOBIS CO., LTD., ...

1. A roof airbag apparatus for a vehicle, comprising:a gas injector configured to inject gas;
a tether guide disposed along a longitudinal direction of a roof of the vehicle;
a chamber part connected to the tether guide, and configured to deploy by gas from the gas injector; and
a chamber moving part installed in the chamber part, and configured to move the chamber part when pressed by the gas,
wherein the chamber part comprises:
a first chamber connected to the tether guide, and configured to deploy by the gas, and
a second chamber connected to the first chamber, wherein the second chamber is configured to receive the gas via the first chamber and deploy by the gas,
wherein the first chamber comprises:
a first chamber introduction part configured to receive the gas from the gas injector;
a first deployment part having one end in fluid communication with the first chamber introduction part to receive the gas from the first chamber introduction part, wherein the first deployment part is connected to the tether guide and configured to deploy along a longitudinal direction of the tether guide;
a side discharge part in fluid communication with the other end of the first deployment part and the second chamber, wherein the side discharge part is configured to receive the gas from the first deployment part and transfer the gas to the second chamber; and
a guide tab connected to one side of the first deployment part, and having the tether guide movably inserted therein.

US Pat. No. 10,391,964

VEHICLE OCCUPANT PROTECTION APPARATUS

SUBARU CORPORATION, Toky...

1. A vehicle occupant protection apparatus comprising:a seat for an occupant of a vehicle;
a three-point seat belt device for restraining an upper body of the occupant in the seat;
an airbag device comprising a front airbag configured to deploy in front of the upper body of the occupant in the seat; and
an inflator configured to supply gas to the front airbag,
wherein by being supplied with gas, the front airbag is capable of deploying so as to receive the upper body that has been displaced forward from a seating position on the seat, and
wherein the front airbag comprises a pair of shoulder-receiving projections capable of receiving a first side shoulder of the upper body that is held by the three-point seat belt device and a second side shoulder of the upper body that is not held by the three-point seat belt device by projecting rearward at both sides of the front airbag in a vehicle width direction of the vehicle in a deployed state,
wherein the pair of shoulder-receiving projections comprises a first air chamber and a second air chamber different from the first air chamber,
wherein the inflator supplies gas to the first air chamber and the second air chamber,
wherein the first air chamber at a first side in the vehicle width direction for the first side shoulder projects further toward a rear of the vehicle than the second air chamber at a second side in the vehicle width direction for the second side shoulder, and
wherein, when a predetermined collision condition is satisfied, the inflator supplies gas to the first and second air chambers in such a manner that an inner pressure of the second air chamber is higher than an inner pressure of the first air chamber, so that one of the pair of shoulder-receiving projections for the second side shoulder expands so as to be harder than an other of the pair of shoulder-receiving projections for the first side shoulder.

US Pat. No. 10,391,959

SELECTIVELY DEPLOYABLE SCHOOL BUS BUMPER

1. A selectively deployable lower rear bumper apparatus for a school bus including a bus frame, and an electrical system including at least one bus circuit, the apparatus comprising:a support frame including mounting holes for connection to the bus frame the support frame including a left frame bar defining a left frame axle aperture and a right frame bar defining a right frame axle aperture;
a deployment frame including a hinge bar moveably connected to the support frame by a single hinge axle mounted through the left frame axle aperture, hinge bar, and right frame axle aperture;
a bumper bar connected to the deployment frame;
a deployment motivator connected to the support frame and the deployment frame to move the bumper bar between a retracted position and an extended position; and
a circuit interface electrically connected to the bus circuit and the deployment motivator.

US Pat. No. 10,391,957

INTEGRATED POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle power distribution system, comprising:a battery having a nominal voltage;
electric loads, each load being associated with a rated voltage; and
an integrated circuit coupled to the battery and comprising:
a processor configured to generate a switching signal; and
solid-state circuitry blocks respectively coupled to the electric loads, the solid-state circuitry blocks comprising a first block comprising:
a controller configured to turn-off the electric load coupled to the first block in response to the switching signal; and
a resettable electronic fuse configured to supply the rated voltage associated with the electric load coupled to the block.

US Pat. No. 10,391,956

VOLTAGE DISCONNECTION OF A HIGH-VOLTAGE VEHICLE

AUDI AG, Ingolstadt (DE)...

1. A method for securing a high-voltage onboard electric grid operated in a range of at least 300 V up to 400 V of a motor vehicle for repair or maintenance work on the motor vehicle, comprising:during or after a disconnection of the high-voltage onboard grid from voltage, in which an energy inflow from an energy supply device into the high-voltage onboard grid is interrupted,
blocking with a control device configured to generate control signals the energy inflow of the energy supply device or an energy inflow of at least one other energy supply device into the onboard electric grid, said other energy supply device comprising an electric generator;
implementing a communication device including a communication module connected to an OBD-bus, said communication device being configured to transmit the control signals to a communication interface of the motor vehicle; and
determining whether a charging plug for charging the energy supply device is inserted, and when the charging plug is inserted, suspending the voltage disconnection until the charging plug is pulled out and issuing a warning,
wherein the blocking of the energy inflow of the electric generator is accomplished in at least three ways,
a first way in which a motor control unit of an internal combustion engine coupled with the electric generator is deactivated,
a second way in which a voltage output of the generator is short-circuited, and
a third way in which a shaft for driving the generator is arrested by means of an electric hydraulic brake of the motor vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,391,955

ELECTRICAL JUNCTION BOX

Sumitomo Wiring Systems, ...

1. An electrical junction box comprising:a main body casing in which a circuit is accommodated; and
an electric-wire mounting section to which a terminal section of an electric wire is mounted;
wherein the electric-wire mounting section includes: an accommodation section that can be opened so as to allow accommodation of the terminal section of the electric wire, and in which a connection section to which the terminal section of the electric wire is electrically connected is arranged; an electric-wire holding cover that can be opened and closed, and is configured to cover the accommodation section; and a main cover that can be opened and closed,
while being closed, the electric-wire holding cover engages the electric wire that has not yet been connected to the connection section, keeping the electric wire from being dislodged from the accommodation section, and forms an opening area through which an operation for connecting the terminal section of the electric wire to the connection section can be performed, and the main cover is configured to cover the opening area and the electric-wire holding cover when the main cover is closed.

US Pat. No. 10,391,954

VEHICLE TRIM PORTION CONNECTION BRACKET

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle trim portion connection bracket comprising:a first flange having a connecting portion configured to be coupled to a trim portion;
a second flange configured to be coupled to a support member of a vehicle, wherein the support member is configured to be coupled to a body of the vehicle; and
a relief slot provided in the first flange and configured to reduce a load required to deform the connecting portion relative to a remaining portion of the first flange, such that the connecting portion deforms without disrupting the coupling between the vehicle trim portion connection bracket and the support member.

US Pat. No. 10,391,949

STACKABLE CONTAINER ASSEMBLY

BOMBARDIER RECREATIONAL P...

1. A container comprising:a container body having a top surface and a bottom surface;
an attachment base adapted for connecting the container to a vehicle, the attachment base being removably attached to the bottom surface; and
a fixture assembly adapted for receiving an accessory container, the fixture assembly being separately formed from and attached to the top surface,
the fixture assembly including:
a fixture plate; and
at least one anchor fixture connected to the fixture plate.

US Pat. No. 10,391,946

ROOF RACK KIT AND A LOAD STRIP FOR A LOAD CARRYING BAR

Thule Sweden AB, Hillers...

1. A roof rack kit, comprising:at least a first and a second load carrying bar attachable to a vehicle and configured to extend across the roof of said vehicle;
a first load strip comprising an upper portion protruding vertically from an outer periphery of said first load carrying bar, said upper portion having a first height; and
a second load strip comprising an upper portion protruding vertically from an outer periphery of said second load carrying bar, said upper portion having a second height,
wherein said first height of said upper portion of said first load strip is different from said second height of said upper portion of said second load strip, so as to compensate for a height difference between said first and said second load carrying bars when said first and said second load carrying bars are mounted on said vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,391,943

VEHICLE LAMP ASSEMBLY

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle mirror assembly, comprising:a housing on a side of a vehicle and operable between a deployed position and a folded position; and
a lamp assembly in the housing having a first light source configured to direct light rearwardly of the housing and a second light source configured to direct light forwardly of the housing, wherein the housing is configured to move from the deployed position to the folded position when an object is detected, wherein the lamp assembly illuminates a substantial area of the side of the vehicle when the housing is in the folded position, and wherein the lamp assembly illuminates a greater portion of the side of the vehicle in the folded position than in the deployed position.

US Pat. No. 10,391,942

ELECTRONIC MIRROR APPARATUS

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. An electronic mirror apparatus comprising:a display which in operation displays an image taken by an imaging unit mounted on a vehicle;
a light control filter disposed at a side of the display nearer to a driver's seat, the light control filter in operation shifting between a light reflection state and a light transmission state in response to a state of voltage applied to the light control filter, the light reflection state including a state in which the reflectance of light of the light control filter is higher than the transmittance of light of the light control filter, the light transmission state including a state in which the transmittance of light of the light control filter is higher than the reflectance of light of the light control filter; and
a controller which in operation controls the display,
wherein
the controller in operation controls the display to not display the image when the light control filter is in the light reflection state, and controls the display to display the image when the light control filter is in the light transmission state and in a period of transition from the light reflection state to the light transmission state,
in the period of transition, the reflectance of light of the light control filter decreases, and the transmittance of light of the light control filter increases, and
the controller in operation controls the display to:
set a brightness of at least part of the image displayed on the display to a first brightness level during a sub period included in the period of transition, and
set a brightness of the at least part of the image displayed on the display to a second brightness level which is lower than the first brightness level, during the light transmission state.

US Pat. No. 10,391,937

METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING A PEDESTRIAN BY A VEHICLE DURING NIGHT DRIVING

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An apparatus for detecting a pedestrian by a vehicle during night driving, comprising:a first camera being a charge coupled device (CCD) camera configured to take a first image that is a color image including color information of a vicinity of the vehicle during night driving;
a second camera being an infrared camera configured to take a second image that is a far-infrared image including thermal distribution information of the vicinity of the vehicle;
an image matcher configured to match the first image and the second image;
a pedestrian detector configured to detect a non-pedestrian area by using an area in which a color value is more than a reference value from the first image including the color information of the vicinity of the vehicle during night driving, and detect a pedestrian area in the second image excluding the detected non-pedestrian area and including the thermal distribution information of the vicinity of the vehicle by using a feature detection and learning algorithm; and
a display configured to display the first image including the pedestrian area of the second image,
wherein the image matcher calculates a real coordinate of an object from a coordinate of the first image by using inside and outside parameters of the first camera and a real distance between a virtual starting point and the object,
wherein the image matcher calculates a corresponding coordinate of the second image corresponding to the coordinate of the first image by using the real coordinate of the object, inside and outside parameters of the second camera, and the real distance, and
wherein the virtual starting point is a central point between points representing locations of the first and second cameras, in which a vertical line from the points of the first camera and the second camera and planes of the first image and the second image meet.

US Pat. No. 10,391,936

VEHICULAR LIGHTING DEVICE

KOITO MANUFACTURING CO., ...

1. A vehicular lighting device comprising:a light source;
a photosensor structured to receive light from the light source;
a preamplifier structured to amplify an output of the photosensor, so as to generate a detection signal that indicates an amount of received light; and
a lighting circuit structured to drive the light source based on at least the output of the preamplifier; wherein
the photosensor and the preamplifier are mounted on a single sub-base member that is separate from a base member on which the lighting circuit is mounted, and
the single sub-base member and the lighting circuit are coupled via a signal line via which a signal that corresponds to the output of the preamplifier is transmitted, and via a power supply line via which a power supply voltage is supplied from the lighting circuit to the single sub-base member.

US Pat. No. 10,391,935

VEHICLE APPROACH NOTIFICATION DEVICE

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A vehicle approach notification device mounted on a vehicle, the vehicle approach notification device externally making a notification about approach of the vehicle, the vehicle approach notification device comprising:a sound source configured to output a signal corresponding to one sound for making the notification about the approach of the vehicle;
an amplifier configured to amplify the signal output from the sound source;
a first speaker system including a first speaker configured to output a sound based on the signal amplified by the amplifier and a second speaker configured to output a sound having an opposite phase to the sound output from the first speaker; and
a second speaker system including a third speaker configured to output a sound having a same phase as the sound output from the first speaker and a fourth speaker configured to output a sound having an opposite phase to the sound output from the third speaker,
wherein the first speaker system and the second speaker system are disposed so that the first speaker and the third speaker are located closer to a longitudinal center plane of the vehicle than the second speaker and the fourth speaker.

US Pat. No. 10,391,934

METHOD FOR GENERATING A HORN ACTUATION SIGNAL USING A LOAD CELL FOR A STEERING WHEEL AND RELATED APPARATUS

AUTOLIV DEVELOPMENT AB, ...

1. A method for generating a horn actuation signal using a load cell being placed inside a steering wheel, the load cell changing its electrical resistance when being strained or deformed by a force transmitting part of the steering wheel, such that the load cell changes the resistance when an external force is applied to the force transmitting part, the method comprising;providing a measurement of an actual voltage Va depending on the resistance of the load cell,
generating the horn actuation signal based on the measurement of the actual voltage Va,
further wherein the actual voltage Va depends in addition to the resistance of the load cell on an adjustable voltage Vad generated by an adjustable voltage generation unit,
comparing the result of the measurement of the actual voltage Va is cyclically compared to a defined value, and
cyclically adjusting the adjustable voltage Vad in response to the difference between the result of the measurement of the actual voltage Va and the defined value when no horn actuation signal is generated,
such that closed loop control for the actual voltage Va is provided.

US Pat. No. 10,391,933

ILLUMINATION APPARATUS, VEHICLE COMPONENT AND VEHICLE

1. An illumination device, comprising:at least one illuminant for emitting light; and
an optical reflection unit, comprising:
at least one reflective surface; and
at least one surface comprising at least one mask,
wherein the optical reflection unit is configured to receive the light emitted from the at least one illuminant and project at least one of an image, a symbol, a logo, a pattern, and a legend on a projection surface, and
wherein the at least one reflective surface comprises at least two reflective surfaces, each or the at least two reflective surfaces on opposite sides of the optical reflection unit.

US Pat. No. 10,391,931

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING ENHANCED PASSENGER USE OF AN AUTONOMOUS VEHICLE

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A method for managing a passenger's interaction with an autonomous vehicle, comprising:identifying the passenger prior to entering the autonomous vehicle, where the passenger is identified with a sensor onboard the autonomous vehicle;
determining an appropriate recognition indicator for an external LED lighting system to identify the autonomous vehicle for the passenger;
selecting an optimum vehicle entry point for the passenger based on the presence of any entry obstacles for the passenger, where an entry obstacles is located in proximity to the vehicle such that the entry obstacle is an impediment to the passenger entering the vehicle;
selecting an optimum vehicle exit point for the passenger based on the presence of an exit obstacle for the passenger, where the exit obstacle is located in proximity to the vehicle such that the exit obstacle is an impediment to the passenger exiting the vehicle; and
illuminating the exit obstacle with the external LED lighting system for the passenger upon exiting the vehicle.

US Pat. No. 10,391,926

LANE ADAPTIVE LAMP CONTROL APPARATUS AND METHOD

HYUNDAI MOBIS CO., LTD., ...

1. A lane adaptive lamp control apparatus for a vehicle, the apparatus comprising:a lane sensor configured to sense lane information of a road on which the vehicle is traveling, the road comprising a first lane, a second lane and a third lane, the first lane being immediately next to a center dividing line of the road, the second lane being immediately next to the first lane to the right, the third lane being immediately next to the second lane to the right;
a lane determiner configured to determine which lane of the road the vehicle is traveling among the first lane, the second lane and the third lane of the road using the lane information sensed through the lane sensor; and
a lamp controller configured to control a headlamp of the vehicle based upon which lane of the road the vehicle is traveling such that:
when determined that the vehicle is traveling on the first lane, the headlamp turns off a first turning-off zone of a light beam from the headlamp,
when determined that the vehicle is traveling on the second lane, the headlamp turns off a second turning-off zone of the light beam from the headlamp, and
when determined that the vehicle is traveling on the third lane, the headlamp turns off a third turning-off zone of the light beam from the headlamp,
wherein the first, second and third turning-off zones of the light beam are located at an upper left corner of the light beam, wherein the first turning-off zone is greater than and encompasses the second turning-off zone, wherein the second turning-off zone is greater than and encompasses the third turning-off zone.

US Pat. No. 10,391,925

VEHICLE HEADLIGHT WITH A PLURALITY OF INNER NON SPHERICAL LENSES TRANSMITTING LIGHT FROM A HIGH BEAM AND A LOW BEAM LIGHT SOURCE

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A headlight structure of a saddled vehicle, comprising a headlight, wherein the headlight is mounted on the saddled vehicle in use, the headlight including a housing, a low-beam light source and a high-beam light source each formed of a light emitting diode that is housed in the housing and radiates light, a control board that has a circuit and that controls lighting from the low-beam light source and the high-beam light source, and a non-spherical inner lens, for the low-beam light source, that is provided in the housing and allows a light beam emitted from the low-beam light source to be transmitted through the non-spherical inner lens for the low-beam light source, a non-spherical inner lens, for the high-beam light source, that is provided in the housing and allows light beam emitted from the high-beam light source to be transmitted through the non-spherical inner lens for the high-beam light source, whereinthe control board is separately provided from the low-beam light source and the high-beam light source,
at least part of the control board is disposed at a rear side of the non-spherical inner lens for the low-beam light source, which is configured to be constantly lit during travelling of the saddled vehicle, and wherein the non-spherical inner lens for the low-beam light source and at least part of the control board overlap with each other in a front-rear direction.

US Pat. No. 10,391,924

LIGHTING DEVICE CONTROL SYSTEM

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A lighting device control system comprising:an instruction signal generation unit that generates an instruction signal used for controlling a state of a lighting device mounted to a vehicle; and
a control unit that controls the state of the lighting device according to the instruction signal, wherein
the instruction signal generation unit generates a plurality of instruction signals, and
the control unit controls the state of the lighting device so as to be brought into a predetermined turn-on or turn-off state according to an on or off state of the plurality of the instruction signals,
wherein
when the lighting device is off, the control unit controls the state of the lighting device according to a reference instruction signal included in the plurality of instruction signals, and
when the lighting device is on, the control unit keeps the lighting device turned on, on the condition that at least one of the plurality of instruction signals provides a turn-on instruction.

US Pat. No. 10,391,923

AUTOMOTIVE EXTERIOR LAMP ASSEMBLY WITH CHARGE PORT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle comprising:a battery charger;
an exterior lamp assembly including an illumination source, and an electrical port electrically connected with the battery charger and configured to be electrically connected with an electrical power grid remote from the vehicle; and
at least one controller configured to, responsive to the battery charger being operational, activate the illumination source.

US Pat. No. 10,391,921

CARGO RESTRAINT SYSTEM

THE BOEING COMPANY, Chic...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a housing configured for attachment to a frame of a vehicle;
a coupler reciprocally actuatable between a retracted position and an extended position and comprising:
a pin having a longitudinal axis, the pin being sized and oriented to enter an aperture in a sidewall of a corner fitting of an intermodal cargo container when the coupler is moved into the extended position; and
a bottom support in a fixed, spaced apart relationship relative to the pin, thereby defining a vertical gap sized to receive a bottom surface of the corner fitting when the coupler is moved into the extended position; and
an actuator coupled to the housing and operable to move the pin and the bottom support of the coupler from the retracted position to the extended position and from the extended position to the retracted position along the longitudinal axis.

US Pat. No. 10,391,920

DEVICE FOR ATTACHING AN OBJECT AND A METHOD OF ATTACHING AN OBJECT USING THE DEVICE

1. A method for securing a load to a supporting structure the method comprising the steps of:providing a device including a strap crossing and permanently fixed onto itself defining an intersection so as to form a first loop and a pair of diverging laterally spaced free ends; a contiguous rod attachment member having a monolithic body, the monolithic body having a pair of support arms disposed on opposite ends of the body, each of the pair of free ends of the strap are attached to a corresponding support arm wherein the pair of free ends are laterally spaced apart from each other defining a second loop and a generally figure eight dimension; wrapping the strap around a load; passing the attachment member through the first loop; cinching the strap onto the load by pulling on the attachment member; and securing the attachment member to a supporting structure.

US Pat. No. 10,391,919

E-TRACK TIE DOWN SYSTEM FOR A VEHICLE CARGO BED

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. An E-track system comprising:a longitudinally extending track defining an array of slots configured to receive accessory attachments;
a keyed protuberance extending from the track and configured to engage a keyway defined by a docking plate to secure the E-track system to the docking plate; and
a clamp extending from the track and configured to engage an overhang of a truck bed side panel to secure the E-track system to the side panel.

US Pat. No. 10,391,916

EXTENDABLE TILT ASSEMBLY SYSTEM

1. An extendable tilt assembly system comprising:a tailgate guide assembly comprising:
a tailgate protector that may be bent or formed over the edge of the tailgate and/or bumper;
at least two upward facing tailgate guide runners fastened to the tailgate protector;
at least one removable or retractable lower catch member and may have a removable bar added to the lower catch member, disposed adjacent to the back end of the tailgate protector; and
whereby the tailgate guide assembly is either fastened to a tailgate or disposed over/fastened to a bumper;
a cargo handling system comprising:
a guide assembly having one of more locking holes through the upward facing wheel runner, closeable top openings/cutouts may be added on the inner sides of both the first and second inward facing channels to allow for the tilt of portions of the cargo handling system independently or locked together;
wherein the guide assembly may be fastened on a cargo bed of a pickup truck or any other applicable vehicle's cargo bed; and
wherein the guide assembly may be constructed such that it is in and of itself the cargo bed of a given vehicle;
wherein at least one removable or retractable lower catch member and removable bar is disposed adjacent to the back end of the guide assembly;
a lower extendable assembly having stabilizer components which may be lockable; and further comprising:
a plurality of tracking wheels to track the assembly;
at least one upper catch member to facilitate the tilt function;
cutouts on the back end of the lower extendable assembly disposed under the lower catch members in order to allow the passage of the lower extendable assembly over the tailgate guide assembly and its lower catch member(s) in order to facilitate the tilt function off of the tailgate guide assembly;
closeable top openings/cutouts may be added on the inner sides of both the first and second inward facing channels to allow for the tilt by the release of adjustable stabilizer components which may be lockable on the upper extendable assembly to tilt the upper extendable assembly; and
the lower extendable assembly may comprise of a plurality of cross members disposed on the lower bottom of its lower structure; and
an upper extendable assembly having adjustable stabilizer components which may be lockable and further comprising:
a plurality of both tracking and non-tracking wheels to roll on the upward facing wheel runners;
locking members that enable the upper extendable assembly to be locked by the bolt or spring lock of the guide assembly;
the upper extendable assembly may comprise of a plurality of cross members disposed on its upper bottom of its upper structure; and
the upper extendable assembly may comprise of at least two removable upwardly extending non-contiguous sidewalls,
whereby the modified upper extendable assembly rolls upon the modified lower extendable assembly which in turn rolls upon the modified guide assembly without the presence of the tailgate guide assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,391,914

VEHICLE SEAT LATCH

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A vehicle seating assembly latch comprising:an elongated member fixedly attached to a rear portion of a seatback; and
a bracket disposed on a rear wall of a passenger compartment and including a striker therein, wherein the elongated member includes an integrally defined hook portion that retains the elongated member on the striker in an engaged condition, wherein the elongated member includes a pair of base portions and an intermediate portion disposed between the pair of base portions, the intermediate portion including the integrally defined hook portion, and wherein the intermediate portion includes a first portion extending vehicle downward, a second portion extending upwardly from the first portion, a third portion extending downwardly of the second portion, a fourth portion extending vehicle forward, an upwardly extending fifth portion that terminates at a sixth vehicle forward extending portion, a seventh portion extending vehicle rearward, and an eighth portion extending vehicle rearward.

US Pat. No. 10,391,913

METHOD FOR DYNAMIC ADAPTATION OF LATERAL SUPPORT TO VEHICLE STATES IN MOTOR VEHICLE SEATS WITH A SEAT SURFACE AND WITH A BACKREST AND CORRESPONDING SEAT

Ford Global Technologies,...

1. A method for adjusting a motor vehicle seat, comprising:using a controller to:
receive pressure signals from pressure sensors disposed in a grid network on outside surfaces of edge bladders of the seat;
starting when an ignition of the vehicle is turned off, the door is opened, or no change in acceleration occurs that indicate a movement of the vehicle, monitor for at least one of the pressure signals indicating an increase in the bladder pressure on a door side of the seat; and
raise or lower a fluid pressure within the edge bladders using the pressure signals, including lowering of the bladder pressure on the door side on recognizing an entry or exit situation only if a load-related pressure rise in bladders on the door side has occurred.

US Pat. No. 10,391,911

COMPOSITE SEAT CORE MATERIAL AND VEHICULAR SEAT ELEMENT USING THE COMPOSITE SEAT CORE MATERIAL

JSP CORPORATION, Tokyo (...

1. A composite seat core material, comprising:a foamed molded substrate that comprises a multiplicity of first thermoplastic resin expanded beads which are fusion-bonded to each other and free of through-holes, and
a foamed molded connecting member that comprises a multiplicity of second thermoplastic resin expanded beads each having a through-hole, said second thermoplastic resin expanded beads being fusion-bonded to each other such that interconnected void spaces which communicate with an outer surface of the foamed molded connecting member and which include part of the through-holes of the second thermoplastic resin expanded beads, are defined in the foamed molded connecting member,
the foamed molded connecting member being integrally bonded to the foamed molded substrate in such a state that a part of said outer surface of the foamed molded connecting member is exposed on an upper surface of the composite seat core material.

US Pat. No. 10,391,909

MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING A HEATABLE HEAD RESTRAINT

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A motor vehicle head restraint for a vehicle seat having a seat cushion and a backrest on which the head restraint is arranged, the head restraint comprising:a cushion body having a passage opening formed therein, the passage opening passing from a rear side of the cushion body to a front side of the cushion body;
a cover for the cushion body;
at least one fan arranged in a cavity formed in the passage opening, the cavity being at a distance from the rear side and at a distance from the front side of the cushion body;
a rear, air-permeable, electrically operated heating mat provided on the rear side of the cushion body, the rear heating mat being configured to heat suctioned air; and
a front, air-permeable, electrically operated heating mat provided on the front side of the cushion body, wherein suctioned air preheated via the rear heating mat is additionally heated via the front heating mat.

US Pat. No. 10,391,901

PASSIVE SEAT VENTILATION SYSTEM

DENSO International Ameri...

1. A seat comprising:an exterior seat surface movable inward and outward relative to an interior of the seat; and
a flexible material overlaying the exterior seat surface, the flexible material is lockable to restrict movement of the flexible material towards the exterior seat surface;
wherein movement of the exterior seat surface into the seat defines a gap between the exterior seat surface and the flexible material to permit air to circulate between the exterior seat surface and the flexible material to cool an occupant of the seat;
wherein the flexible material is anchored at opposite ends to a first rail and a second rail within the seat; and
wherein the flexible material extends through a first slit defined by the exterior seat surface proximate to the first rail, and a second slit defined by the exterior seat surface proximate to the second rail.

US Pat. No. 10,391,897

SEAT FOR VEHICLES

TACHI-S CO., LTD., Tokyo...

1. A seat for vehicles having a flip-up mechanism to shift a seat cushion disposed on a base part from a normal seating posture to a flipped-up posture in which a front side of the seat cushion is lifted and a rear side of the seat cushion is lower than the front side of the seat cushion, the flip-up mechanism comprising:a support leg part having one end connected to a frame of the seat cushion rotatably around a first rotation shaft and another end connected to the base part rotatably around a second rotation shaft and a guided part provided closer to a tip of the one end of the support leg part than the first rotation shaft;
a guide part comprising a guide groove formed around the first rotation shaft with the first rotation shaft as a center, the guide part being engaged with the guided part so as to have the guided part be able to move along the guide groove in a circumferential direction with the first rotation shaft as the center and guide the guided part in the guide groove; and
a coil spring provided between the frame and the guided part and applying a biasing force to the guided part so as to have the guided part guided by the guide part and have one end of the support leg part flipped up so that the seal cushion is in the flipped-up posture in which the front side of the seat cushion is lifted and the rear side of the seat cushion is lower than the front side of the seat cushion.

US Pat. No. 10,391,896

BUS SEAT

Hickory Springs Manufactu...

11. An apparatus for a vehicle seat comprising:a base frame comprising an aisle side and a wall side, at least one stand coupled to the aisle side of the base frame;
a backrest frame operatively coupled to the base frame comprising a backrest cushion on a front facing side of the backrest frame, the backrest cushion comprising a plurality of passages proximal a headrest portion of the backrest cushion, the plurality of passages extending from a front surface of the backrest cushion to the backrest frame;
a seat frame operatively coupled to the base frame comprising a seat cushion and a sleeve coupled to the bottom of the seat frame;
a booster seat sized to be stored in the sleeve and movable from the sleeve to a position on the seat cushion;
a plurality of retractors operatively coupled to the base frame;
at least one storable child restraint harness, each of the at least one storable child restraint harness comprising:
a plurality of straps, each of the plurality of straps having a first end coupled to a corresponding one of the plurality of retractors and a second end terminating in a fastener wherein each of the straps are storable in a space between the backrest cushion and the seat cushion and vertically extendable from the space along the backrest cushion such that the fastener passes through one of the plurality of passages proximal the headrest portion of the backrest cushion to be releasably coupled to the backrest frame; and
a buckle to releasably couple corresponding pairs of the plurality of straps to form a 5-point harness.

US Pat. No. 10,391,895

RECLINER OF VEHICLE SEAT

DAS CO., LTD., (KR)

1. A recliner for a vehicle seat, the recliner comprising:a plate holder comprising a plurality of guide blocks that are radially arranged with a gap therebetween and protrude in an axial direction, a first catch protrusion being formed on at least one of the guide blocks;
a sector gear configured to be rotated relative to the plate holder and comprising an internal gear on an inner surface thereof;
a plurality of pawl teeth each configured to be moved between a pair of the guide blocks, the pawl teeth comprising external gears on outer surfaces thereof for engagement with the external gear, and catch hooks on portions of inner surfaces thereof;
an operation cam comprising a shaft hole in a center portion thereof, a plurality of pull hooks configured to be connected to the catch hooks so as to pull or push the pawl teeth, and a second catch protrusion protruding therefrom; and
a return spring having a spiral shape, the return spring comprising a center inner end portion hooked and supported on the second catch protrusion and an outer end portion hooked and supported on the first catch protrusion,
wherein a projection protrudes axially from the operation cam and comprises a support protrusion that protrudes radially from a remainder of the projection to support the return spring while making point contact with a center inner surface of the return spring.

US Pat. No. 10,391,883

APPARATUS AND METHOD FOR REMOTELY CONTROLLING FUEL CELL ELECTRIC VEHICLE

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. A method for remote, start control of a hydrogen fuel cell vehicle, the method comprising steps of:receiving, by a telematics terminal, a remote start command via a wireless communication network;
transmitting, by the telematics terminal, a start signal corresponding to the remote start command through an in-vehicle network;
transmitting, by a vehicle controller, a start mode in response to the start signal;
determining, by the telematics terminal, a response waiting time corresponding to the start mode;
receiving, by the telematics terminal, an operation result of the start signal through the in-vehicle network during the response waiting time; and
transmitting, by the telematics terminal, the operation result over the wireless communication network,
wherein the start mode includes a normal start mode and a cold start mode,
wherein a response waiting time in the cold start mode is longer than a response waiting time in the normal start mode.

US Pat. No. 10,391,882

CELL-CONTACTING SYSTEM FOR A MOTOR-VEHICLE BATTERY MODULE AND A MOTOR-VEHICLE BATTERY MODULE

Bayerische Motoren Werke ...

1. A cell contact-making system of a motor vehicle battery module, comprising:a substantially plate-shaped support structure;
a plurality of separate contact elements each of which is disposed partially on and is fastened to the support structure on a first side, wherein each of the plurality of separate contact elements comprises a freely projecting side opposite the first side that protrudes beyond an edge of the support structure, each of which is used to contact two adjacent battery cells of the motor vehicle battery module, wherein
the contact elements are arranged next to one another in a first row, each contact element being fixed at one side to the support structure,
the support structure has a plurality of supporting sections which protrude laterally in relation to the battery cells to form an edge of the support structure, and
each of the contact elements are fastened to a corresponding one of the supporting sections.

US Pat. No. 10,391,877

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR FACILITATING COURTESY CHARGING STATION HAND-OFFS BETWEEN ELECTRIFIED VEHICLE USERS

FORD GLOBAL TECHNOLOGIES,...

1. A charging system for an electrified vehicle, comprising:a battery pack;
a charging component in charging connection with the battery pack; and
a control module located on-board the electrified vehicle and being configured to:
receive an input from a mobile device associated with the electrified vehicle indicating that a charge hand-off feature is enabled; and
command the mobile device to broadcast a charging status message that facilitates a courtesy hand-off of a charging station component to another electrified vehicle user,
wherein the charging status message is broadcast from the mobile device to a second, different mobile device.

US Pat. No. 10,391,874

METHOD FOR DETERMINING AN ARRANGEMENT OF AN ELECTRIC VEHICLE AND ARRANGEMENT DETERMINATION UNIT

1. A method for determining an arrangement of an electric vehicle relative to a charging point in which an alternating magnetic field is transmitted by a transmitting device arranged on or fixed in relation to the charging point, the method comprising:receiving the alternating magnetic field at a location of the electric vehicle;
inferring the arrangement based on the received alternating field; and
activating a charging field to charge the electric vehicle when the arrangement is inferred to be within a tolerance range,
wherein the inferring comprises determining an x-coordinate and a y-coordinate of the electric vehicle from an origin located at the charging point.

US Pat. No. 10,391,873

MOBILE ENERGY STORAGE AND METHOD FOR PROVIDING ENERGY TO A CONSUMER

Volkswagen AG

1. A mobile energy store located on a transportation vehicle, the mobile energy store comprising:a storage battery configured to store energy and be charged at a first charging station;
a receiving device configured to receive a request signal transmitted from a requesting load, the request signal including at least information about a location of the requesting load that is distant from the first charging station;
a coupler configured to be connected to the requesting load for transferring energy from the storage battery to the requesting load; and
a drive device configured to (i) move the mobile energy store autonomously in the public road traffic from the first charging station to the requesting load based on the request signal and (ii) move the mobile energy store autonomously in the public road traffic from the first charging station to a second charging station in response to determination that a second demand for energy at the second charging station is greater than a first demand for energy at the first charging station,
wherein the first demand indicates energy demanded in a first region that is assigned to the first charging station, and the second demand indicates energy demanded in a second region that is assigned to the second charging station.

US Pat. No. 10,391,870

MODULAR POWER ELECTRONICS SYSTEM FOR CHARGING AN ELECTRICALLY OPERATED VEHICLE

Dr. Ing. h.c. F. Porsche ...

1. A power electronics system for charging at least one electrically operated vehicle, the power electronics system comprising:at least two modules, each module having at least one terminal pair with DC output, at least one rectifier, at least one AC input, at least one DC link, and switching elements having switching states, the switching elements arranged between the DC outputs of the at least two modules such that, between the at least two modules, at least one series and one parallel circuit configuration is selectively dynamically set by the switching states of the switching elements,
wherein:
the switching elements include an inner switching element connected between a respective terminal pair of the at least two modules;
for each module, the switching elements include a respective pair of outer switching elements connected to the respective terminal pair of each module,
when the inner switching element and the respective pair of outer switching elements are closed, the at least two modules are connected in the series circuit configuration, and
when all of the outer switching elements are closed and the inner switching element is open, the at least two modules are connected in the parallel circuit configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,391,866

ELECTRICALLY-DRIVEN VEHICLE AND CONTROL METHOD FOR ELECTRICALLY-DRIVEN VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An electrically-driven vehicle configured to be connected to a power feeding device on the outside of the electrically-driven vehicle, the electrically-driven vehicle comprising:a rotary electric machine;
an electric power storage device configured to store electric power that is used to drive the rotary electric machine;
a communication device configured to communicate with a server on the outside of the electrically-driven vehicle; and
an electronic control unit configured to control external charging in which the electric power storage device is charged by using the electric power that is supplied from the power feeding device,
the electronic control unit being configured to acquire information from the server, the information indicating a degree of tightness of electricity supply-demand balance at a destination of the electrically-driven vehicle, and
the electronic control unit being configured to prohibit execution of charging promotion control for urging a user to perform the external charging at the destination when the acquired information indicates that the degree of the tightness is higher than a reference level.

US Pat. No. 10,391,865

ELECTRICAL SYSTEM COMPRISING A CIRCUIT FOR DETECTING AN ELECTRICAL INSULATION FAULT

Renault S.A.S., Boulogne...

1. An apparatus comprising an electrical system, wherein said electrical system comprises first and second terminals and a detection circuit, wherein said first and second terminals are configured to connect to an onboard power source that maintains a voltage between said first and second terminals, wherein said detection circuit detects an insulation fault between said onboard power source and a vehicle body that forms a floating electrical ground, wherein said insulation fault corresponds to an abnormal value of an insulation resistance between said vehicle body and a point on said onboard power source, wherein said detection circuit comprises a programmable voltage-generator, a current-measurement device, and a control unit, wherein said programmable voltage-generator connects to said vehicle body and a first terminal wherein said programmable voltage-generator biases said vehicle body and said first terminal at different potentials, wherein said current-measurement device measures an incoming current into said first terminal and an outgoing current across said a point on said onboard power source, wherein said current flows through said insulation resistance, and wherein said control unit controls application, by said programmable voltage-generator, of at least one non-zero voltage value between said vehicle body and said first terminal, acquires a value of said current measured by said current-measurement device for each value of voltage applied, and calculates a value of said insulation resistance based at least in part on said measured value of said current.

US Pat. No. 10,391,863

ELECTRICALLY DRIVEN VEHICLE

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. An electrically driven vehicle, comprising:a motor configured to input and output a power for driving;
an inverter configured to drive the motor;
a power storage device configured to supply electric power to the inverter; and
a control device configured to shut down the inverter in response to detection of a short circuit fault of the inverter, wherein
when ignition is on, a shift position is a neutral position, and shut-down of the inverter is cancelled in a state that a short circuit fault occurs in any phase among multiple phases of the inverter, the control device performs a first ON control to turn on upper and lower arms in any arbitrary phase among the multiple phases, and
when an abnormality is detected in the inverter due to the first ON control, the control device performs a second ON control to turn on upper and lower arms in a different phase from the phase of the first ON control.

US Pat. No. 10,391,861

AXLE ASSEMBLY WITH DISCONNECTING DIFFERENTIAL OUTPUT

1. A disconnecting differential assembly comprising:a differential case defining a cavity, the differential case being configured to rotate about a first axis, the differential case including a first end wall;
a differential gearset received in the cavity in the differential case, the differential gearset having a plurality of differential pinions and first and second side gears, the differential pinions configured to transmit rotary power between the differential case and the first and second side gears;
a first dog coupled to the first side gear for rotation therewith;
an output hub received in the differential case and having an internally splined aperture, the output hub being rotatable relative to the differential case; and
a second dog fixedly coupled to the output hub;
wherein the output hub and the second dog are movable relative to the differential case along the first axis between a first position, in which the second dog is spaced apart from the first dog along the first axis to thereby rotationally decouple the first side gear from the output hub and permit relative rotation therebetween, and a second position in which the second dog is engaged to the first dog to thereby rotationally couple the first side gear and the output hub.

US Pat. No. 10,391,858

ACTIVE AIR FLAP ASSEMBLY WITH IMPROVED SEALING PERFORMANCE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. An active air flap assembly with improved sealing performance, comprising:a plurality of flaps operated by an actuator for selectively opening and selectively closing a radiator grill installed at a front side of a vehicle;
a fixed shroud surrounding an outside of the plurality of flaps such that air passing through the radiator grill flows towards the plurality of flaps, the plurality of flaps being fixed to the fixed shroud; and
a movable shroud slidably installed on the fixed shroud in a front-rear direction of the vehicle, wherein the movable shroud, which is connected to the plurality of flaps through an interlocking device, is configured to slide toward the front side of the vehicle from the fixed shroud by the interlocking device when the plurality of flaps are rotated to close the radiator grill and is configured to slide toward a rear side of the vehicle from the fixed shroud by the interlocking device when the plurality of flaps are rotated to open the radiator grill.

US Pat. No. 10,391,854

DRIVE AND COOLING SYSTEM FOR UTILITY VEHICLE

Hydro-Gear Limited Partne...

1. A power and cooling system for a vehicle having a prime mover disposed on a frame, an output shaft driven by the prime mover, a pair of driven wheels and a plurality of electronic components disposed on the vehicle, the power and cooling system comprising:a first hydraulic motor and a second hydraulic motor disposed on the vehicle, the first hydraulic motor and the second hydraulic motor each being connected to and driving one of the pair of driven wheels;
a generator driven by the prime mover and comprising a generator housing disposed on the vehicle;
a first circulating pump assembly engaged to the generator housing and driven by the prime mover;
a coolant reservoir connected to the first circulating pump assembly, the first circulating pump assembly providing coolant fluid to at least one of the plurality of electronic components; and
a first hydraulic pump disposed on the vehicle and engaged to the first hydraulic motor, and a second hydraulic pump disposed on the vehicle and engaged to the second hydraulic motor, wherein the first hydraulic pump comprises:
a first input shaft driving a first pump cylinder block located in a first pump housing; and
a second circulating pump assembly engaged to the first pump housing and driven by the first input shaft, and the second circulating pump assembly provides coolant fluid to at least one of the plurality of electronic components.

US Pat. No. 10,391,852

AXLE PROVIDED WITH A HYBRID DRIVE MODULE

Volvo Car Corporation, G...

1. A powertrain provided with a combustion engine, a front drive axle, a longitudinal drive shaft, and a rear drive axle, whereby the combustion engine is connected to the front drive axle, the longitudinal drive shaft, and the rear drive axle, such that the combustion engine can be in drive connection with the front drive axle, the longitudinal drive shaft, and the rear drive axle, wherein the rear drive axle is provided with a hybrid drive module, comprising:at least one drive source; and
a transfer gear set,
wherein the transfer gear set comprises:
an input;
an output; and
a first connection clutch provided operatively in between the input and the output,
whereby the output of the transfer gear set is adapted to be in drive connection with the rear drive axle,
wherein the longitudinal drive shaft is provided with a second connection clutch,
wherein the first connection clutch and the second connection clutch are hydraulically controlled and are connected to a same hydraulic circuit, and
wherein said hybrid drive module further comprises an electric motor and a flywheel operable as independent drive sources, each being independent from the combustion engine.

US Pat. No. 10,391,851

TRANSMISSION UNIT, POWER TRANSMISSION SYSTEM AND VEHICLE COMPRISING THE SAME

BYD COMPANY LIMITED, She...

1. A transmission unit for a vehicle, comprising:a plurality of input shafts, each of the input shafts having a shift driving gear thereon;
a plurality of output shafts, wherein each of the output shafts has a shift driven gear configured to mesh with a corresponding shift driving gear;
a motor power output gear disposed on one of the output shafts;
a motor power shaft;
a first motor power shaft gear disposed on the motor power shaft and configured to rotate together with one of the shift driving gears;
a second motor power shaft gear disposed on the motor power shaft and configured to rotate together with the motor power output gear;
an output idler gear fitted over the motor power shaft; and
an output idler gear synchronizer disposed on the motor power shaft and configured to engage with the output idler gear.

US Pat. No. 10,391,850

MODULE FOR A MOTOR VEHICLE HAVING AN ELECTRIC MACHINE AND A CLUTCH ACTUATING DEVICE

ZF Friedrichshafen AG, F...

1. An assembly (10) for a motor vehicle, the assembly (10) comprising:an electric machine having:
a machine housing (16),
a rotor (18), and
a stator (20); and
a clutch actuating device (14) having a pressure medium cylinder (34),
wherein the stator (20) includes a stator carrier (22) having a fluid cooling jacket (26), the fluid cooling jacket (26) comprising an annular space (24), a fluid inlet (28), and a fluid outlet (30) spaced apart from the fluid inlet (28),
wherein the stator (20) encloses a central receiving space (32) in which the pressure medium cylinder (34) of the clutch actuating device (14) is arranged,
wherein the pressure medium cylinder (34) has a pressure medium inlet (36) arranged inside an axial extension of the stator carrier (22) and which is fluidically connectable with a pressure source via a pressure medium channel (38) extending from the machine housing (16), and
wherein the pressure medium channel (38) is constructed at least partially in a wall portion (40) of the stator carrier (22) adjoining the central receiving space (32).

US Pat. No. 10,391,849

VEHICLE DRIVE DEVICE

AISIN AW CO., LTD., Anjo...

1. A vehicle drive device comprising:a rotating electrical machine that together with an internal combustion engine serves as a driving force source for wheels,
a speed change device disposed next to the rotating electrical machine in an axial direction, or a direction in which a rotation axis of the rotating electrical machine extends,
a drive device case formed by joining a first case accommodating the rotating electrical machine and a second case accommodating the speed change device,
the first case having a first open end, which is an end that opens to an axial first direction side, or one side in the axial direction, and a first flange formed around the first open end and extending outward in a radial direction perpendicular to the axial direction so as to have an increased diameter,
the second case having a second open end, which is an end that opens to an axial second direction side, or the other side in the axial direction, and a second flange formed around the second open end and extending outward in the radial direction so as to have an increased diameter, and
the first flange and the second flange being fastened together by a fastening member to form a joint flange, and
a rotating electrical machine control device that controls the rotating electrical machine and that is fixed to outside of one of the first case and the second case, wherein
the rotating electrical machine control device has a wide component and a narrow component having a smaller length in the axial direction than the wide component,
the narrow component and the wide component are arranged so as to overlap each other as viewed in a specific radial direction, or a specific direction in the radial direction, and such that the narrow component is located inside in the radial direction of the wide component,
the narrow component is disposed so as not to overlap the joint flange as viewed in the specific radial direction but to overlap the joint flange as viewed in the axial direction, and
the wide component is disposed so as to overlap the joint flange as viewed in the specific radial direction but not to overlap the joint flange as viewed in the axial direction.

US Pat. No. 10,391,848

ENGINE MOUNTING STRUCTURE

ISUZU MOTORS LIMITED, Sh...

1. An engine mounting structure for a cab-over type vehicle, in which an engine is mounted on a pair of left and right chassis frames extending in a front and rear direction of a vehicle body and a cab is disposed above the engine,wherein an exhaust system is connected to one of left and right side surfaces of the engine, and
wherein the engine is mounted on the chassis frames in a state of being inclined at a predetermined angle such that the one side surface faces obliquely upward, the engine mounting structure comprising:
a first bracket configured to support a first side of the engine on a first chassis frame via a first mount member; and
a second bracket configured to support a second side of the engine on a second chassis frame via a second mount member,
wherein the first bracket comprises a first plate portion attached to the first mount member and a second plate portion attached to the first side of the engine, the first plate portion and the second plate portion forming an obtuse angle,
wherein the second bracket comprises a third plate portion attached to the second mount member and a fourth plate portion attached to the first side of the engine, the third plate portion and the fourth plate portion forming an acute angle, and
wherein a supercharger and an after-treatment device are disposed on the first side of the engine.

US Pat. No. 10,391,845

DOOR ASSEMBLY STABILITY SYSTEMS FOR PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION

1. A door assembly system for public transportation, comprising:a public transportation vehicle having an outer shell and an inner passenger compartment;
at least one door having an outer surface, an inner surface, a top, a bottom and two sides, wherein the door slides to open so that passengers can enter or exit the inner passenger compartment;
at least one connection point that is coupled to the top of the at least one door and mechanically directs the at least one door to open or to close;
a C-shaped rail, wherein the rail is coupled to the outer shell of the vehicle and wherein the rail is located approximately half of the height between the top and the bottom of the at least one door; and
a coupling component that is coupled to the inner surface of the door and is designed to mate with or engage with the C-shaped rail in a slideable manner.

US Pat. No. 10,391,844

VEHICLE DISPLAY SCREEN SAFETY AND PRIVACY SYSTEM

15. A method for improving safety while providing privacy for a vehicle having a rear window and a display screen located at a display screen location, the method comprising:detecting, by an outside sensor, spatial data associated with an outside viewer located outside of the vehicle;
determining, by an electronic control unit (ECU), whether the display screen is powered on;
determining an outside viewer location based on the spatial data when the display screen is powered on;
determining, by the ECU, a viewing region of the window through which the outside viewer views the display screen based on the display screen location and the outside viewer location; and
setting, by the ECU, the viewing region of the window to the opaque state.

US Pat. No. 10,391,839

REFRIGERATION CYCLE DEVICE

DENSO CORPORATION, Kariy...

1. A refrigeration cycle device, comprising:a compressor that includes a suction port and a discharge port, the compressor sucking in refrigerant from the suction port, compresses the refrigerant, and then discharges the compressed refrigerant from the discharge port;
a heat dissipater, the refrigerant which flowed out from the compressor flowing into the heat dissipater, the heat dissipater dissipating heat held by the refrigerant to ventilation air toward an air conditioning target space;
an exterior heat exchanger, the refrigerant that flowed out from the compressor flowing into the exterior heat exchanger, the exterior heat exchanger exchanging heat between the refrigerant and outside air;
a pre-exterior device switching unit disposed in a refrigerant passage from the compressor to the exterior heat exchanger, the pre-exterior device switching unit being switched between an opening side switching state that guides the refrigerant to flow from the compressor to the exterior heat exchanger, and a decompression side switching state that guides the refrigerant to flow from the compressor to the heat dissipater and guides the refrigerant, which is decompressed to a greater degree than in the open side switching state after flowing out from the heat dissipater, to flow to the exterior heat exchanger;
a pre-evaporator decompression unit that decompresses the refrigerant which flowed out from the exterior heat exchanger;
an evaporator that exchanges heat between the refrigerant which flowed out from the pre-evaporator decompression unit and the ventilation air to evaporate the refrigerant;
an evaporator passage that guides the refrigerant which flowed out from the exterior heat exchanger to the suction port of the compressor while passing through the pre-evaporator decompression unit and the evaporator;
a bypass passage that guides the refrigerant which flowed out from the exterior heat exchanger to the suction port of the compressor while bypassing the pre-evaporator decompression unit and the evaporator;
a passage switching unit that opens and closes the bypass passage, the passage switching unit being set in a non-bypass state that closes the bypass passage while the evaporator passage is open, and being set in a bypass state that opens the bypass passage while the evaporator passage is closed, wherein
the pre-exterior device switching unit and the passage switching unit form a coupled valve where the pre-exterior device switching unit and the passage switching unit are mechanically coupled, and
in the coupled valve, the passage switching unit is set in the non-bypass state together with the pre-exterior device switching unit being switched to the opening side switching state, and the passage switching unit is set in the bypass state together with the pre-exterior device switching unit being switched to the decompression side switching state.

US Pat. No. 10,391,838

RETURN AIR BLOCKING DEVICE FOR VENTILATION OF THE INTERIOR OF A MOTOR VEHICLE

ILLINOIS TOOL WORKS INC.,...

1. Return air blocking device for ventilation of the interior of a motor vehicle, the return air blocking device comprising:a frame or housing; and
at least one flexible valve flap mounted on the frame or the housing,
wherein, in an idle position, the valve flap closes and blocks a flow of air through the return air blocking device, and wherein, when a sufficient pressure occurs, the valve flap assumes an opening position, in which it allows a flow of air through the return air blocking device, wherein the at least one valve flap comprises at least one slit on its end mounted on the frame or housing, wherein the frame or the housing comprises at least one holding projection, which engages in the at least one slit via initial widening of the slit and then subsequent reformation under the holding projection, and wherein, in its idle position, the at least one valve flap lies on at least one first bearing surface on its end mounted on the frame or the housing and on at least one second bearing surface on its opposing end, wherein the at least one second bearing surface is parallel to the at least one first bearing surface, wherein
the at least one holding projection comprises a stop surface, wherein the at least one vale flap is held on its end mounted on the frame or housing between the stop surface and the first bearing surface such that it can not pivot into the opening position, but only can reach the opening position through bending, and
the stop surface, starting from the end mounted on the frame or the housing extends over a part of a surface of the at least one valve flap in the direction of the opposing end, so that upon assuming the opening position by the at least one valve flap, at least a section of the at least one valve flap being covered by the stop surface does not bend.

US Pat. No. 10,391,837

HEATING AND COOLING SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR TRUCK CABS

Tiger Tool International ...

1. A vehicle heating and cooling system for a vehicle comprising a vehicle battery, the vehicle heating and cooling system comprising:an interior system;
a compressor system;
a primary working fluid configured to flow between the interior system and the compressor system;
an auxiliary heating system comprising
an auxiliary heat exchanger comprising at least one resistive-type heating element, where the auxiliary heat exchanger is operatively configured to transfer heat to the primary working fluid, and
a voltage controller operatively connected between the vehicle battery and the at least one resistive-type heating element to control flow of electricity from the battery to the at least one resistive-type heating element to generate heat; and
at least one valve assembly configured to operate in
a cooling mode in which the primary working fluid transfers heat from the interior system to the compressor system,
a standard heating mode in which in which the primary working fluid transfers heat from the compressor system to the interior system and the auxiliary heating system does not transfer heat to the primary working fluid, and
an augmented heating mode in which the auxiliary heating system transfers heat from the at least one resistive-type heating element to the primary working fluid.

US Pat. No. 10,391,835

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DE-ICING A HEAT PUMP

Ford Global Technologies,...

9. A method for operating a vehicle heat pump, comprising:receiving vehicle heat pump sensor data to a controller;
operating the vehicle heat pump in a heating mode and transferring heat from the vehicle heat pump to engine coolant in the heating mode;
judging a presence of exterior heat exchanger icing in a refrigerant circuit via the controller while operating the vehicle heat pump in the heating mode;
activating an engine in a coolant circuit and operating the vehicle heat pump in a cooling mode via the controller in response to judging the presence of exterior heat exchanger icing, where the engine is activated after the vehicle heat pump is operated in a de-icing mode in response to the judging of the presence of exterior heat exchanger icing, where refrigerant is not sent to an only one single internal heat exchanger of the refrigerant circuit while operating the vehicle heat pump in the de-icing mode, and where the vehicle heat pump includes an actual total of one internal heat exchanger.

US Pat. No. 10,391,831

COMBINED HEAT EXCHANGER MODULE

Hyundai Motor Company, S...

1. A combined heat exchanger module comprising:an upper tank configured for introducing a cooling water into the combined heat exchanger module,
a lower tank configured for discharging the cooling water from the combined heat exchanger module;
first heat radiating channels, each having an upper end connected with the upper tank and a lower end connected with the lower tank, wherein each of the first heat radiating channels is formed with a flat tube shape through which the cooling water flows, and Wherein the first heat radiating channels are arranged in planes parallel to a direction of air flow;
second heat radiating channels, each having an upper end connected with the upper tank and a lower end connected with the lower tank, Wherein each of the second heat radiating channels is formed with a flat tube shape through which the cooling water flows, wherein the second heat radiating channels are arranged in planes parallel to the direction of the air flow; and
a plurality of thermoelectric elements, each having a first surface in surface contact with the second heat radiating channels and a second surface exposed to air,
wherein the plurality of thermoelectric elements are arranged in series along a direction parallel to a straight line connecting the upper tank and the lower tank, and are connected to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,391,826

GANGWAY FOR CONNECTING A FIRST CAR WITH A SECOND CAR

Dellner Couplers AB, Fal...

1. A gangway for connecting cars of a multi-car vehicle, comprising:a first hoop at a first end of the gangway, configured to be connected to a first car;
a second hoop at a second end of the gangway, opposite to the first end, configured to be connected to a second car;
a support beam;
a third hoop and a fourth hoop, resting on the support beam, and intermediate the first hoop and the second hoop;
wherein each of the hoops has a generally rectangular shape and envelopes an area large enough for a passenger to pass through;
a connection element elastically connecting the third hoop and the fourth hoop into a predetermined orientation relative to each other; and
a floor supported on the hoops.

US Pat. No. 10,391,819

PNEUMATIC TIRE

SUMITOMO RUBBER INDUSTRIE...

2. A pneumatic tire comprising:a tread portion provided with a circumferentially and continuously extending zigzag shoulder main groove located adjacent to a tread edge to define a shoulder portion axially outward of the shoulder main groove and central lateral grooves extending axially inwardly from the shoulder main groove,
wherein the shoulder portion comprises a top surface having an axially inner edge facing the shoulder main groove and a sidewall extending radially inwardly from the inner edge, the sidewall of the shoulder portion being provided with shoulder dent portions dented axially outwardly from the shoulder main groove,
wherein the central lateral grooves are located so that an extended portion in which each of the central lateral grooves is extended axially outwardly overlaps with a respective one of the shoulder dent portions at least partially,
wherein an axial distance from a tire equator to an axially outer end of each of the shoulder dent portions is in a range of from 0.55 to 0.66 times a tread half width which is an axial distance from the tire equator to the tread edge,
wherein the tread portion further comprises a central portion located axially inward of the shoulder main groove, the central portion comprises a top surface having an axially outer edge facing the shoulder main groove and a sidewall extending radially inwardly from the outer edge,
wherein the sidewall of the central portion is provided with central dent portions dented axially inwardly from the shoulder main groove,
wherein the central dent portions and the shoulder dent portions are arranged alternately in a circumferential direction of the tire,
wherein the shoulder main groove comprises a first inclined element inclined with respect to the circumferential direction of the tire and a second inclined element inclined in an opposite direction to the first inclined element,
wherein the shoulder portion further comprises a second dent portion dented axially outwardly from the shoulder main groove,
wherein the second dent portion at least partially overlaps with an extended portion in which the first inclined element is extended in a longitudinal direction thereof, and
wherein the second dent portion comprises a bottom provided with a sipe having a width in a range of from 0.5 to 1.0 mm.

US Pat. No. 10,391,818

PNEUMATIC TIRE AND METHOD OF PRODUCING THE SAME

BRIDGESTONE CORPORATION, ...

1. A pneumatic tire comprising a tread portion and tire side regions, the tread portion having an asymmetrical tread pattern and a pair of tread halves, the tread halves extending between a tire equatorial plane and respective outer ends in the tire width direction of the tread portion, respectively, and having different negative ratios,wherein the tread portion has short fibers fixed to at least a portion of a tire inner peripheral surface of the tread portion, and the short fibers are situated only in one of the tread halves with a lower negative ratio, and the tread half with a lower negative ratio has a short-fiber fixation area ratio of 50% or more, and
wherein short fibers are also fixed to at least a portion of a tire inner peripheral surface of the tire side regions.

US Pat. No. 10,391,816

PNEUMATIC TIRE

TOYO TIRE CORPORATION, I...

1. A pneumatic tire comprising a belt layer arranged between a carcass and a tread portion,wherein the belt layer comprises
a first main working belt,
a second main working belt arranged at an outer side of the first main working belt in a tire-radial direction, the second main working belt having a cord angle different from a cord angle of the first main working belt in a direction with respect to a tire-circumferential direction, and
a reinforcement belt,
a cord angle of the reinforcement belt is not smaller than 6 degrees and not larger than 9 degrees, and is smaller than a cord angle of the first main working belt and the second main working belt,
a width of the reinforcement belt is equal to or wider than 50% of a tire-section width and not wider than a width of a narrower one of the first and second main working belts,
when a perpendicular line extending from a groove bottom center of a shoulder main groove, which is a most outwardly located groove of main grooves in a tire-width direction, to the reinforcement belt is set, and an intersection of the perpendicular line and an upper surface of the reinforcement belt is set as an origin so that an outer side and an inner side in the tire-width direction are respectively defined as positive and negative, a ratio of a dimension from the origin to an end portion of the reinforcement belt to a half width of the reinforcement belt is not smaller than ?0.07 and not larger than 0.11, and
wherein a ratio of a distance from a groove bottom of the shoulder main groove to the upper surface of the reinforcement belt to a distance from a lower surface of the reinforcement belt to an inner surface of the tire on the perpendicular line is not smaller than 0.9 and not larger than 1.4.

US Pat. No. 10,391,814

AUTOMOTIVE SAFEY DEVICE

Measurement Ltd., Grand ...

1. An automotive safety device comprising:a housing including a first light source; and
a support assembly removably mountable to the housing, the support assembly comprising:
a unitary support base configured for mounting to the housing in a first configuration having a first orientation with respect to the housing and in a second configuration having a second orientation with respect to the housing; and
a plurality of support members movably attached to the support base and moveable between a first position and a second position, each of the plurality of support members being arranged adjacent to an outer surface of the housing in the first position when the support base is mounted to the housing in the first configuration, and each of the plurality of support members extending outward from the housing in the second position when the support base is mounted to the housing in the second configuration, whereby the support assembly defines a freestanding support structure when the support base is mounted to the housing in the second configuration.

US Pat. No. 10,391,813

MULTIPLE CHAMBER PNEUMATIC TIRE

1. A pneumatic tire having a gas receiving fitting configured to receive a supply of pressurized gas, comprising:said receiving fitting in pneumatic communication with a plurality of chambers;
a plurality of valves, whereby, said plurality of chambers each having at least one valve;
said receiving fitting having a rod, said rod is in communication with at least one biasing mechanism, said rod is connected to a plurality of linkages, said plurality of linkages is connected to said plurality of valves, said at least one biasing mechanism positioning at least one linkage so that said at least one valve of said plurality of valves is biased in a closed orientation; and,
said rod is configured to open said at least one valve of said plurality of valves when said rod is depressed causing said at least one biasing mechanism to compress.

US Pat. No. 10,391,811

WRITING BOARD AND METHOD OF USE

1. A writing board system, comprising:a chalk writing device;
a dry-erase marker; and
a board, having:
a frame;
a base board to be supported within the frame;
a substrate configured to be secured to the base board; and
a thermosetting powder coating resin applied to the substrate, the thermosetting powder coating resin being composed of a compound;
a textured surface created by the thermosetting powder coating resin having a surface roughness greater than 0.8755 micrometer and less than 7.484 micrometer, thereby being adaptable for receiving chalk;
wherein the texture surface is suitable for writing on by the chalk writing device and the dry-erase marker because of the surface roughness; and
wherein any writing on the textured surface can be removed via a cloth.

US Pat. No. 10,391,808

PEN HOLDER

WACOM CO., LTD., Saitama...

1. A pen holding device configured to hold an electronic pen which has a first core that is elongated and is replaceable, the pen holder comprising:a casing having an electronic pen holder that is configured to hold the electronic pen in an erect state or a laid state; and
at least one refill core holder which is provided inside the casing and is configured to grasp a second core, which is a refill core for the electronic pen, in a direction different from a longitudinal direction of the electronic pen when the electronic pen holder holds the electronic pen in the erect state.

US Pat. No. 10,391,806

PERMANENT STAINING OF VARNISHED SECURITY DOCUMENTS

SICPA HOLDING SA, Prilly...

1. A security document comprising:a substrate;
a protective varnish having a predetermined thickness covering from about 70% to 90% of a surface area of at least one side of the substrate; and
an unauthorized access identification area arranged in a remaining about 10% to about 30% of the surface area of the at least one side of the substrate, which comprises at least one staining ink retention zone having either no protective varnish or a layer of the protective varnish having a thickness less than the predetermined thickness,
wherein the unauthorized access identification area is configured so that, in the event of a staining ink coming into contact with the at least one staining ink retention zone, the at least one staining ink retention zone permanently and irreversibly retains the staining ink as an indicator of an unauthorized access to the security document,
wherein the at least one staining rink retention zone has a shape of lines of guilloches, and
wherein the at least one staining ink retention zone has a linewidth between about 100 microns and about 1000 microns.

US Pat. No. 10,391,804

SECURITY PRODUCT OR VALUABLE PRODUCT HAVING AN ELECTROLUMINESCENT SECURITY ELEMENT AND METHOD FOR THE PRODUCTION THEREOF

BUNDESDRUCKEREI GMBH, Be...

1. A security product or product of value (100) with a passive, electroluminescent security element (10) which includes a field-induced electroluminescent component (20), wherein the electroluminescent component (20) contains only an electroluminescent layer (30) disposed between two layered electrodes (22, 24), the electroluminescent layer comprising a mixture of at least one electroluminescent dye embedded in a transparent dielectric material, characterized in that the electroluminescent layer (30) directly adjoins and contacts the electrodes (22, 24), and electroluminescent dye embedded in the transparent dielectric material is positioned between the electrodes (22, 24).

US Pat. No. 10,391,802

RECORDING METHOD AND RECORDING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A recording method comprising:adhering an ink composition including a pigment colorant to a recording medium to color the recording medium; and
adhering a reaction liquid to the recording medium, the reaction liquid containing water and a reagent for aggregating or thickening components of the ink composition, and having a pH of 7 to 10,
wherein the reaction liquid does not include a colorant to color the recording medium,
the reagent is a multivalent metal salt and a sulfate salt,
the reaction liquid includes a pH adjuster that adjusts the pH of the reaction liquid from a pH that is acidic to a pH that is in a range of neutral to alkaline, and
in the adhering of the reaction liquid, an epoxy-based adhesive is used for at least a portion of a reaction liquid passage for supplying the reaction liquid to an ink jet head, and a member in contact with the reaction liquid in the ink jet head, and the reaction liquid is discharged from the ink jet head so as to adhere to the recording medium.

US Pat. No. 10,391,800

LIQUID EJECTION HEAD

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A liquid ejection head, comprising:a first head unit;
a second head unit disposed adjacent to the first head unit in a first direction; and
a heat uniforming unit shared by the first head unit and the second head unit,
the first head unit and the second head unit each comprising:
a unit body comprising an actuator configured to cause ejection of liquid from a plurality of nozzles;
a first driver integrated circuit disposed on a first side of the unit body in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction, the first driver integrated circuit being configured to drive the actuator, the first side and a second side being opposite sides of the first head unit in the second direction, and
a second driver integrated circuit disposed on the second side of the unit body in the second direction and configured to drive the actuator,
the heat uniforming unit comprising:
a first heat uniforming member disposed on the first side of the first head unit and the second head unit in the second direction and is in thermal contact with the first driver integrated circuit; and
a second heat uniforming member disposed on the second side of the first head unit and the second head unit in the second direction and is in thermal contact with the second driver integrated circuit,
the first heat uniforming member and the second heat uniforming member being different members independent of each other, and
the first heat uniforming member and the second heat uniforming member being in thermal contact with each other.

US Pat. No. 10,391,799

INKJET PRINTER AND INKJET PRINT HEAD

ROLAND DG CORPORATION, S...

1. An inkjet printer comprising:one or a plurality of heads including actuators that cause an ink to be ejected;
one or a plurality of drive signal generators, including a first electronic component and a second electronic component, that generate a drive signal that drives the actuators; and
a cooling device that cools at least the first electronic component and the second electronic component; wherein
the first electronic component generates a greater amount of heat than the second electronic component when generating the drive signal;
the cooling device includes:
a first heat sink including wall members, a first end, and a second end, the wall members including a first wall member and a second wall member each including an outer wall, the first heat sink having a tubular shape defined by the wall members and being open at the first end and the second end; and
a first cooling fan including an inner air blowing portion, disposed so as to face the first end of the first heat sink, and an outer air blowing portion, disposed outwardly relative to the inner air blowing portion, the first cooling fan directing air flow at least through an interior of the first heat sink and along the outer wall of the first wall member; wherein:
the first electronic component is in contact with the outer wall of the first wall member; and
the second electronic component is in contact with the outer wall of the second wall member.

US Pat. No. 10,391,798

LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A liquid ejecting apparatus which ejects liquid onto a medium, the liquid ejecting apparatus comprising:a carriage which includes a control unit which controls driving of the entire liquid ejecting apparatus and which includes a control substrate, an ejecting unit which ejects the liquid, and a driving substrate which is connected to the control substrate and the ejecting unit, and drives the ejecting unit,
wherein the carriage is provided with a fixing unit which fixes a position of the driving substrate with respect to a position of the ejecting unit,
wherein the carriage is further provided with a load absorbing unit which absorbs a physical load with respect to the ejecting unit from the driving substrate side, the load absorbing unit being interposed between the electing unit and the driving substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,391,797

LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A liquid ejecting apparatus which ejects liquid onto a medium, the liquid ejecting apparatus comprising:a carriage which includes a control substrate configuring at least a part of a control unit which controls driving of the entire liquid ejecting apparatus, an ejecting unit which ejects the liquid, and a driving substrate which is connected to the control substrate and the ejecting unit, and drives the ejecting unit,
wherein the carriage is provided with a load absorbing unit which absorbs a physical load with respect to the ejecting unit from the driving substrate side, the load absorbing unit being interposed between the ejecting unit and the driving substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,391,795

TARGET TRANSPORT APPARATUS AND LIQUID EJECTING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A target transport apparatus comprising:a transport unit that includes a plurality of pinching portions disposed at intervals along a width direction that intersects with a transport direction of a target, the transport unit imparting a transport force on the target by the plurality of pinching portions pinching the target at a plurality of pinched areas; and
a transport amount detection unit, disposed at a location downstream from the plurality of pinching portions in the transport direction within a boundary of a width of one of the plurality of pinching portions, wherein the transport amount detection unit detects an amount by which the target is transported, and
wherein the transport amount detection unit is configured to capture an image of a surface of the target at a location that corresponds to at least one of the pinched areas of the target along the transport direction.

US Pat. No. 10,391,791

MEDIUM TRANSPORT UNIT, RECORDING APPARATUS, AND IMAGE READING APPARATUS

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A medium transporting mechanism comprising:an upstream route configured to transport a recorded medium that is recorded upon by a recording head configured to discharge droplets,
a first switchback route configured to switch back the recorded medium transported from the upstream route,
a first guide route configured to transport the recorded medium from the upstream route to the first switchback route,
a first upstream reversing route configured to reverse and transport the recorded medium switched back from the first switchback route, and
a downstream reversing route configured to continue reversing and transporting the recorded medium transported from the first upstream reversing route,
wherein the first switchback route extends in a first direction,
wherein the downstream reversing route extends in the first direction and then reverses and extends in a second direction opposite to the first direction, and
wherein the recorded medium is transported by the downstream reversing route, transported to a post-processing section that executes post-processing on the recorded medium.

US Pat. No. 10,391,790

INKJET PRINTER, DYE PRINTING METHOD, AND INK

MIMAKI ENGINEERING CO., L...

1. An ink, comprising:a solvent;
particles of a thermoplastic resin dispersed in the solvent and including a dye; and
small particles of a thermoplastic resin dispersed in the solvent and having a particle diameter smaller than that of the particles, wherein
the small particles have a glass-transition point lower than that of the particles.

US Pat. No. 10,391,787

INKJET PRINTER

ROLAND DG CORPORATION, S...

1. An inkjet printer, comprising:a recording head including:
a first color ink head including a plurality of nozzles through which first ink of a first color is ejected towards a recording medium to form ink dots of the first ink of the first color on the recording medium;
a second color ink head including a plurality of nozzles through which first ink of a second color is ejected towards the recording medium to form ink dots of the first ink of the second color on the recording medium; and
a second ink ink head including a plurality of nozzles through which second ink is ejected towards the recording medium to form ink dots of the second ink on the recording medium;
a transporter to move the recording head and the recording medium with respect to each other; and
a controller connected with the recording head and the transporter to control the recording head and the transporter; wherein
the controller is configured or programmed to include:
a first extractor to extract a first underlying layer dot group from the ink dots of the first ink of the first color such that a ratio of the first underlying layer dot group with respect to the ink dots of the first ink of the first color is a first extraction ratio;
a second extractor to extract a second underlying layer dot group from the ink dots of the first ink of the second color such that a ratio of the second underlying layer dot group with respect to the ink dots of the first ink of the second color is a second extraction ratio;
a first printing controller configured or programmed to form a first printing layer, on the recording medium, of at least the first underlying layer dot group, the second underlying layer dot group and the ink dots of the second ink; and
at least one additional printing controller to form at least one additional printing layer, above or below the first printing layer, of an image dot group including at least the ink dots, of the first ink of the first color, other than the first underlying layer dot group and the ink dots, of the first ink of the second color, other than the second underlying layer dot group.

US Pat. No. 10,391,785

SHRINK-PRINT METHOD FOR DETECTING AND COMPENSATING FOR DEFECTIVE PRINTING NOZZLES IN AN INKJET PRINTING MACHINE

Heidelberger Druckmaschin...

1. A method for detecting and compensating for defective printing nozzles in an inkjet printing machine, the method comprising the following steps:using a computer to shrink an image height of a digitally available image to an image height of a print control strip while leaving an image width uninfluenced;
printing the shrunk digital image onto a printing substrate;
using at least one image sensor to record the printed shrunk digital image;
using the computer to compare the recorded image with the shrunk digital image;
using the computer to detect defective printing nozzles for the digital image based on the comparison and compensating for the detected defective printing nozzles; and
printing the digital image by using defective printing nozzle compensation on a subsequent printing substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,391,784

CONCEALING MISSING NOZZLES

Kornit Digital Ltd., Ros...

1. Method for digital printing of a substrate with immobilization of the color printing ink, the method comprising:finding failed printing nozzles;
carrying out immobilization treatment over the substrate without using at least some of nozzles neighboring a failed printing nozzle; and
printing the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,391,780

INKJET RECORDING APPARATUS

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. An inkjet recording apparatus comprising:a recording head having an ejection port surface provided with a plurality of ejection ports for ejecting ink, and configured to perform a recording operation;
an ink receiving portion configured to receive the ink ejected from the plurality of ejection ports;
an ink storage container including:
an ink containing chamber configured to contain ink to be supplied to the recording head,
an air communication port configured to communicate with air, and
a buffer chamber that can temporarily retain ink, located below the ink containing chamber and provided between the ink containing chamber and the air communication port, the ink containing chamber, the air communication port, and the buffer chamber being integrally formed, and
an ink return path configured to connect the ink receiving portion and the buffer chamber and cause the ink to be returned from the ink receiving portion to the buffer chamber.

US Pat. No. 10,391,775

FLUID CARTRIDGE

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. An ink cartridge for an inkjet printer, the cartridge comprising:a front face with interfaces, including an ink socket and an air socket, for connecting the cartridge to a cartridge receiving structure, the air socket accessing a pressure structure in an interior volume of the cartridge;
a bottom face comprising a latch stop and a latch track to guide and retain a latch of the cartridge receiving structure, the latch track comprising a locking track, an unlocking track and a latch re-direct wall that guides the latch into the unlocking track at ejection of the cartridge along a path that guides the latch past the latch stop, with a slot on either side of the latch re-direct wall extending into the bottom face beyond the latch re-direct wall in a direction away from the front face, a first slot on a first side of the latch re-direct wall being part of the locking track and a second slot on a second side of the latch re-direct wall being part of the unlocking track;
a guide interface, in the bottom face, for engaging a guide of the cartridge receiving structure for guiding the cartridge along a straight line for connecting the interfaces with the cartridge receiving structure;
a top face opposite the bottom face, the top face being at the top of the cartridge when the cartridge is connected to the cartridge receiving structure; and
an electrical circuit including a memory for storing cartridge data, an electrical interface of the electrical circuit comprising electrodes that extend in a plane perpendicular to the front face;
wherein the ink socket and the air socket are disposed on a vertical axis which is parallel to a side wall of the cartridge;
wherein an ejector alignment interface on the front face of the cartridge is also disposed on the vertical axis;
wherein the ejector alignment interface is disposed at a center of the front face of the cartridge between the electric circuit and the ink socket.

US Pat. No. 10,391,774

TANK ARRANGEABLE IN LIQUID CONSUMING APPARATUS

BROTHER KOGYO KABUSHIKI K...

1. A tank comprising:a liquid storing chamber which is configured to store liquid to be consumed in a liquid consuming apparatus;
a first wall expanding in a horizontal direction and in a direction having a vector component in an up-down direction, the liquid stored in the liquid storing chamber being visible, through the first wall, from outside of the liquid storing chamber;
a second wall including a supply port located above the first wall and being configured to supply the liquid to the liquid storing chamber therethrough;
a third wall defining a bottom of the liquid storing chamber; and
a fourth wall arranged in the liquid storing chamber,
wherein a first gap is formed between one of the first and second walls and at least a part of a first end in a first direction, of the fourth wall, which is located closely to the one of the first and second walls, the first direction being parallel to the first wall and parallel to the horizontal direction,
a second gap is formed between the third wall and at least a part of a second end in the first direction, of the fourth wall, which is located closely to the third wall, and
the first gap is formed over an entire area in the first direction of the first end.

US Pat. No. 10,391,771

PRINT BAR

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A print bar, comprising:a reference element to align the print bar with a mounting structure of a printer;a flat elongate sheet metal portion with constant height whose length is larger than its width and whose width is larger than its height; anda plurality of plastic members detachably mounted to a mounting surface of the flat elongate sheet metal portion, the plurality of plastic members being spaced apart from each other in the length direction,
wherein the flat elongate sheet metal portion is a first flat elongate sheet metal portion and the print bar further comprises a second flat elongate sheet metal portion with constant height whose length is larger than its width and whose width is larger than its height, wherein the length directions of the first and the second sheet metal portions are parallel and where the width directions of the first and the second sheet metal portions are perpendicular.

US Pat. No. 10,391,770

LIQUID DISCHARGE HEAD, LIQUID DISCHARGE UNIT, AND DEVICE OF DISCHARGING LIQUID

Ricoh Company, Ltd., Tok...

1. A liquid discharge head comprisinga flow path substrate including an individual liquid chamber communicating with a nozzle of discharging liquid; and
a holding substrate joined to the flow path substrate by an adhesive bond and having an opening communicating with the individual liquid chamber, wherein
the opening of the holding substrate has a wall surface crossing relative to a joining surface between the flow path substrate and the holding substrate,
an uneven portion is provided on the wall surface of the opening of the holding substrate, the uneven portion extending along a first direction that is parallel with the joining surface of the holding substrate and being arranged in a second direction orthogonal to the first direction, and
a part of the adhesive bond adheres to the uneven portion on the wall surface.

US Pat. No. 10,391,768

PROCESS OF MANUFACTURING DROPLET JETTING DEVICES

1. A process of manufacturing droplet jetting devices comprising:bonding together a nozzle wafer defining nozzles of the jetting devices, a membrane wafer carrying, on a membrane, actuators for generating pressure waves in a liquid in pressure chambers that are connected to the nozzles, and a distribution wafer forming a distribution layer that defines supply lines for supplying the liquid to the pressure chambers from a liquid reservoir formed on a side of the distribution layer opposite to the membrane wafer; and
dicing the bonded wafers,
wherein the distribution layer has a thickness larger than a thickness of each of the membrane wafer and the nozzle wafer, and a restrictor for controlling an inertance of the supply lines is formed through the distribution layer in a direction normal to the plane of the distribution layer.

US Pat. No. 10,391,767

LIQUID EJECTION HEAD

Canon Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A liquid ejection head of a page-wide type, comprising:a plurality of recording element substrates each having an ejection port array including a plurality of ejection ports for ejecting a liquid, each ejection port communicating with a pressure chamber including therein a recording element that generates energy for ejecting a liquid, and a liquid supply path that supplies a liquid to the pressure chamber; and
a flow path member on which the plurality of recording element substrates are arranged,
wherein the flow path member includes a plurality of common supply flow paths that are provided adjacently to each other as running along a longitudinal direction of the liquid ejection head for supplying a liquid to the plurality of recording element substrates, and a plurality of individual supply flow paths that connect the liquid supply path of each recording element substrate to the common supply flow paths, and
the plurality of individual supply flow paths include portions running obliquely to a direction orthogonal to the longitudinal direction of the liquid ejection head, as viewed from an ejection port array surface having the ejection port array.