US Pat. No. 10,367,320

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR WITH IMPROVED OUTER SHELL

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector comprising:an outer shell formed by metal-injection molding and comprising a seat and a sidewall extending forwardly from the seat, the sidewall comprising short sidewalls defining a mating cavity therebetween and in front of the seat, the seat defining a front opening and a receiving cavity;
a terminal module comprising a base and a mating tongue extending from the base and loaded with a plurality of terminals, the terminals comprising contacting portions exposed upon mating surface of the mating tongue and leg portions extending out of the base;
the base received in the receiving cavity of the seat and the mating tongue extending across the front opening and located in the mating cavity; and
a waterproof glue;
wherein the seat of the outer shell defines a pouring hole from an outer face thereof which communicates with the receiving cavity, the glue fills a gap between the terminal module and the outer shell via the pouring hole.

US Pat. No. 10,367,319

TRUNK LINE STRUCTURE IN IN-VEHICLE NETWORK AND CONNECTOR FOR IN-VEHICLE NETWORK

AutoNetworks Technologies...

1. A trunk line structure in an in-vehicle network in which a plurality of electronic control units communicate with each other via a wiring harness, wherein:the wiring harness is composed of a trunk line and branch lines branched via connectors from branch points arranged at a plurality of intermediate positions of the trunk line to be connected to the electronic control units;
a part of the wiring harness constituting the trunk line is formed with bypasses bypassed toward the connectors from the trunk line at the branch points, and the bypass is continuously folded without interruption while forming a substantially U shape;
a folded part of the bypass is formed with an exposed part of a core by having a coating of the wiring harness stripped, and a trunk line terminal is collectively crimped and connected to the exposed part of the folded core; and
a branch line terminal connected to an end of the branch line and the trunk line terminal are connectable inside the connector.

US Pat. No. 10,367,316

CONNECTING ROD

1. A connecting rod comprising a conductive first column portion (1) that has an interference fit with a busbar, characterized in thatsaid first column portion (1) axially arranging a conductive second column portion (2) which has an interference fit with said first column portion (1), said second column portion (2) being located inside of said first column portion (1), a thermal expansion coefficient of said second column portion (2) being greater than that of said first column portion (1); a resistivity of said second column portion (2) being greater than that of said first column portion (1), a material of said second column portion (2) being an aluminum or an aluminum alloy, and a material of said first column portion (1) being a copper or a copper alloy.

US Pat. No. 10,367,313

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR HAVING A MIDDLE METAL PLATE WITH TWO PAIRS OF FINGERS CONTACTING AN UPPER AND LOWER GROUND CONTACTS

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector comprising:an insulative upper housing part with a plurality of upper contacts embedded therein via an insert-molding process;
a lower insulative housing part with a plurality of lower contacts embedded therein via another insert-molding process;
a metal plate sandwiched between the upper housing part and the lower housing part in a vertical direction with a plurality of grounding fingers respectively contacting corresponding ground contacts of the plurality of upper contacts and the plurality of lower contacts in the vertical direction; and
a metallic shell circumferentially enclosing the upper housing part and the lower housing part; wherein
the upper housing part forms an upper aperture extending therethrough in the vertical direction to circumferentially expose a portion of each corresponding upper contact while being blocked by the shell and the metal plate at two ends thereof in the vertical direction; and
the lower housing part forms a lower aperture extending therethrough in the vertical direction to circumferentially expose a portion of each corresponding lower contact while being blocked by the shell and the metal plate at two ends thereof in the vertical direction.

US Pat. No. 10,367,307

ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR GROUNDING AND POWER TERMINALS HAVING A BENT WIDENED SECTION

FOXCONN INTERCONNECT TECH...

1. An electrical connector comprising:an insulative housing including a tongue; and
a plurality of conductive terminals retained to the insulative housing and arranged in two rows, the conductive terminals including a plurality of grounding terminals and a plurality of power terminals at outer ends of the two rows, each conductive terminal having a contacting section exposed to a surface of the tongue, a tail section, and an intermediate section between the contacting section and the tail section, wherein
at least one of the grounding terminals and the power terminals has a widening section continuing and bent from the contacting section thereof to be embedded in the tongue portion,
a thickness of the widening section is substantially equal to a thickness of the contacting section,
each row of conductive terminals include a pair of grounding terminals at two outermost ends and a pair of power terminals immediately inwardly of the pair of grounding terminals,
each of the grounding terminals and the power terminals in each row has a widening section continuing and bent from the contacting section thereof to be embedded in the tongue, and
the widening sections of two adjacent grounding and power terminals in each row are across from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,367,303

ZIP-LOCKER RECEIVER APPARATUS

EMC IP Holding Company LL...

1. A zip-locker receiver for receiving a zip-locker having a plurality of ratchet teeth on an outer surface thereof, comprising:a receiver member including first and second arms defining an aperture therethrough, the aperture configured to at least partially receive the zip-locker; and
a pawl mounted to the receiver member and disposed within the aperture;
wherein the pawl is configured to complement and cooperate with the ratchet teeth of the zip-locker to ratchetably receive the zip-locker and to prevent removal of the zip-locker from the aperture of the receiver member when the pawl is engaged with the ratchet teeth of the zip-locker, the pawl being movable when the zip-locker is positioned within the aperture of the receiver member between an initial position to engage the ratchet teeth and a displaced position to permit ratcheting movement of the zip-locker relative to the pawl.

US Pat. No. 10,367,302

CABLE RETENTION SYSTEM

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

1. A cable retention system, comprising:a frame member;
at least one frame coupling member that is located on a first surface of the frame member and that is configured to couple the frame member to a board;
a frame alignment member that is located on a second surface of the frame member that is opposite the first surface of the frame member, wherein the frame alignment member is configured to:
align a cable connector included on a cable subsystem with a board connector included on the board when the frame alignment member is engaged with a cable alignment member included on the cable connector;
at least one frame retention member that is located on the second surface of the frame member and that is configured to:
engage with the cable connector when the cable connector is coupled with the board connector; and
resist movement of the cable connector in a direction that is substantially perpendicular to the board; and
a retention wall that extends from the second surface, wherein the retention wall and the frame member define a slot through which a portion of the cable subsystem is positioned when the cable connector is couple to the board connector.

US Pat. No. 10,367,292

SEAL MEMBER AND ELECTRICAL CONNECTOR

Tyco Electronics Japan G....

1. A seal member for an electrical connector, comprising:a housing seal portion configured to be pressed between a connector housing of the electrical connector and a mating housing mated to the connector housing in a mating direction and positioned around an outer peripheral portion of the connector housing;
a shell seal portion having a plurality of ridges extending around an outer peripheral portion of the shell seal portion to come into close contact with an inner peripheral portion of a metal shell, the shell seal portion further positioned around the outer peripheral portion of the housing and configured to be pressed between the connector housing and the metal shell enclosing the connector housing and separated from the connector housing; and
a linkage portion integrally formed with the housing seal portion and the shell seal portion and connecting the housing seal portion and the shell seal portion, the linkage portion configured to be pressed between an end portion of the mating housing and a support portion of the connector housing in the mating direction.

US Pat. No. 10,367,288

ELECTRIC CONTACT AND CONNECTOR TERMINAL PAIR

AUTONETWORKS TECHNOLOGIES...

1. An electric contact comprising:a first contact and a second contact that are capable of forming electrical contact with each other, wherein:
the first contact has a silver-tin alloy layer exposed at an outermost surface that comes into contact with the second contact,
the second contact has a silver layer exposed at an outermost surface that comes into contact with the first contact, and
a surface roughness of the silver-tin alloy layer of the first contact is larger than a surface roughness of the silver layer of the second contact.

US Pat. No. 10,367,284

SOCKET TO SUPPORT BOARDS IN A SPACED RELATION

Hewlett Packard Enterpris...

1. A socket to support a first board in a spaced relation to a second board, said socket comprising:a base section having openings to receive connectors that are to electrically connect the first board to the second board;
a plurality of walls extending from the base section, wherein each of the plurality of walls is angled with respect to the base section and wherein the plurality of walls include air ducts to enable air to flow through the socket when the first board is positioned on the socket;
an interposer having castellated walls that are to mate with some of the air ducts in the plurality of walls of the socket, wherein the interposer is to be positioned between the socket and the first board; and
socket alignment elements extending from the base section, wherein the socket alignment elements are to be inserted into mating holes in the second board.

US Pat. No. 10,367,283

CONNECTOR WITH THERMAL MANAGEMENT

Molex, LLC, Lisle, IL (U...

1. A connector assembly, comprising:a wafer set, the wafers having terminals that have contacts that extend from the wafer in a first direction and tails that extend from the wafer on a second side, the contacts being arranged in rows;
a first card slot and a second card slot spaced apart vertically, wherein the rows of contacts are positioned in the first and second card slots;
a cage positioned around the wafers and the card slots and having a rear wall, the cage defining a space having a first port and a second port, the first port aligned with the first card slot and the second port aligned with the second card slot; and
a thermal management module with a nose and a rear, the nose positioned between the first and second port, the thermal management module including a first thermal interface configured to extend into the first port, the thermal management module including a heat pipe that extends from the nose to the rear, the rear extending rearward of the rear wall, wherein the heat pipe is configured to direct thermal energy from the nose to the rear and the first thermal interface is configured to direct thermal energy to the heat pipe.

US Pat. No. 10,367,278

FLEXIBLE WIRING PLATE, FLEXIBLE WIRING PLATE PAIR, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

JOLED INC., Tokyo (JP)

1. A flexible wiring plate pair comprising:a flexible wiring plate to be connected to a display panel; and
a different flexible wiring plate to be connected to the display panel,
wherein the flexible wiring plate includes a first connector, and
the first connector is directly connected to a second connector included in the different flexible wiring plate, and
wherein the different flexible wiring plate includes a second body, and a second arm extending, in a shape of a narrow elongation, from part of an edge of one end of the second body, and
the second connector is disposed in the second arm.

US Pat. No. 10,367,267

FLEXIBLE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD FOR DUAL MODE ANTENNAS, DUAL MODE ANTENNA AND USER DEVICE

1. A dual mode antenna comprising:an insulative sheet including a main surface and an opposite main surface;
a loop-shaped wireless communication coil formed on the main surface of the insulative sheet;
a wireless power transmission coil formed inside the loop-shaped wireless communication coil to be electrically disconnected from the loop-shaped wireless communication coil, and formed on the main surface of the insulative sheet;
a pair of wireless communication coil connection terminals electrically connected to both ends of the loop-shaped wireless communication coil, respectively;
a pair of wireless power transmission coil connection terminals electrically connected to both ends of the wireless power transmission coil, respectively; and
a ferrite sheet formed to contact the opposite main surface of the insulative sheet,
wherein the ferrite sheet comprises:
a first ferrite sheet formed to be in contact with a position opposite to the loop-shaped wireless communication coil on the insulative sheet; and
a second ferrite sheet formed to be in contact with a position opposite to the wireless power transmission coil on the insulative sheet.

US Pat. No. 10,367,265

MAGNETIC COMMUNICATION METHOD

QUALCOMM Incorporated, S...

1. A method for transmitting data using magnetic communication, comprising:generating, at a transmitter device, one or more communication symbols, wherein the one or more communication symbols represent an authentication code configured to enable authentication of a wireless connection between the transmitter device and a receiver device;
transferring the authentication code to the receiver device, wherein the transferring comprises:
generating a magnetic field at the transmitter device; and
rotating the magnetic field around one or more axes to encode the one or more communication symbols; and
establishing the wireless connection between the transmitter device and the receiver device in response to a determination that the authentication code has been transferred to the receiver device.

US Pat. No. 10,367,264

COMBINED PHASE SHIFTER AND MULTI-BAND ANTENNA NETWORK SYSTEM

Huawei Technologies Co., ...

1. A combined phase shifter, comprising:at least two phase shifters, wherein the at least two phase shifters have different frequency bands, and each phase shifter comprises:
a signal line layer;
a phase changing component configured to change a phase of an output port of the signal line layer, wherein the phase changing component is slidable relative to the signal line layer; and
a filter circuit provided at the output port of the signal layer; and
output ports of filter circuits corresponding to the at least two phase shifters, wherein the output ports of filter circuits are connected by a conductor, and provide output using a common output port.

US Pat. No. 10,367,263

INFORMATION HANDLING SYSTEM RADIO ANTENNA SELECTION AND CONTROL

Dell Products L.P., Roun...

9. A portable information handling system antenna comprising:a hinge having first and second opposing faces configured to couple at one end to a main housing portion and at a second end to a lid housing portion;
a first antenna set of plural antenna disposed on the first hinge face;
a second antenna set of plural antenna disposed on the second hinge face; and
a radio interfaced with the first and second antenna sets, the radio operable to select one of the first or second antenna sets to communicate wireless signals based on one or more predetermined conditions including at least the relative rotational position of the hinge.

US Pat. No. 10,367,260

DYNAMIC REDUCTION OF CURRENT DRAIN FOR ANTENNA TUNER OF A COMMUNICATION DEVICE

Motorola Mobility LLC, C...

8. A communication device comprising:a multiple band antenna system;
a first radio frequency (RF) conduction path coupled to a first portion of the multiple band antenna system and whose performance is indirectly enhanced by an antenna tuner that actively tunes a second RF conduction path that is active;
a first transceiver coupled to the first RF conduction path to at least one of: (i) transmit; and (ii) receive a signal via the first portion of the multiple band antenna system;
the second RF conduction path coupled to a second portion of the multiple band antenna system;
a second transceiver coupled to the second RF conduction path to at least one of: (i) transmit; and (ii) receive a signal via the second portion of the multiple band antenna system;
the antenna tuner coupled to the second RF conduction path to tune the second portion of the multiple band antenna system;
a modem coupled to the antenna tuner to configure tuning of the second portion of the multiple band antenna system;
a processor subsystem in communication with the modem and which executes an antenna tuning control utility, which causes the processor subsystem to:
determine that the first RF conduction path is active in using the first portion of the multiple band antenna system for at least one of: (i) transmitting; and (ii) receiving the signal; and
in response to determining that a second RF conduction path is inactive and is thus not using a second portion of the multiple band antenna system:
activate the modem and the antenna tuner of the second RF conduction path that uses the second portion of the multiple band antenna system; and
configure the antenna tuner, via the modem, to tune the second portion of the multiple band antenna system to isolate the second portion from the first portion used by the first RF conduction path and to achieve dynamic reduction of current drain by the antenna tuner.

US Pat. No. 10,367,259

ANTENNA WITH ENHANCED AZIMUTH GAIN

ARRIS Enterprises LLC, S...

1. An antenna, comprising:a ground plane;
antenna elements configured to couple to an interface circuit and configured to generate a beam having a horizontal polarization, wherein the antenna elements are positioned in a first horizontal plane offset along a vertical direction from the ground plane; and
a planar reflector positioned in a second horizontal plane offset along the vertical direction from the first ground plane, so that the antenna elements are positioned between the ground plane and the planar reflector, wherein a direction of a main beam in an antenna radiation pattern of the antenna is within a predefined angular range of a horizontal direction and is approximately along the horizontal direction,
wherein the horizontal direction is perpendicular to the vertical direction, and the direction of the main beam in the antenna radiation pattern of the antenna is at 10°-15° from the horizontal direction.

US Pat. No. 10,367,258

ANTENNA DEVICE, WIRELESS COMMUNICATION APPARATUS, AND RADAR APPARATUS

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. An antenna device comprising:an antenna element that, in operation, radiates a main lobe of a radio wave and one or more side lobes of the radio wave; and
a radome through which the main lobe of the radio wave and the one or more side lobes of the radio wave pass,
wherein the radome has;
a focusing lens structure that focuses the main lobe of the radio wave,
a diverging lens structure that diverges the one or more side lobes of the radio wave, and
a first surface and a second surface, the first surface being closer to the antenna element than the second surface, and
wherein a thickness of the focusing lens structure is set so that a phase difference between a first reflected main lobe and a second reflected main lobe is not smaller than 0.9? and not larger than 1.1?,
the first reflected main lobe being generated when the main lobe of the radio wave is reflected by the first surface, the second reflected main lobe being generated when the main lobe of the radio wave passes through the first surface, is reflected by the second surface, and passes through the first surface again.

US Pat. No. 10,367,257

ANTENNA, VEHICLE HAVING THE ANTENNA, AND METHOD FOR CONTROLLING THE ANTENNA

HYUNDAI MOTOR COMPANY, S...

1. An antenna comprising:an opening through which a radio wave is radiated in an orientation direction; and
a conductor inserted into the opening and dividing an internal region of the opening and an aperture,
wherein a first height of a plane of the conductor in a direction in which the radio wave is input to the opening is smaller than a second height of a plane of the conductor in a direction in which the radio wave is radiated, and
wherein the second height is smaller than a height of the aperture, and the first height is smaller than a height of a waveguide.

US Pat. No. 10,367,254

SPACE-BASED TETHERED COMMUNICATIONS ANTENNA ARRAY

The Charles Stark Draper ...

1. An antenna array, comprising:a first satellite;
a flexible extendible tether;
a second satellite attached to the first satellite by the extendible tether; wherein:
the antenna array has a first mode and a second mode;
in the first mode, the tether is retracted, such that the first satellite is disposed within 2 meters of the second satellite; and
in the second mode, the first and second satellites are configured to rotate about an axis and extend the tether, thereby deploying the first and second satellites radially away from each other a distance greater than 2 meters, such that the first and second satellites orbit in a plane perpendicular to the axis and the tether is taut; the antenna array further comprising:
a plurality of antenna elements disposed along the tether; and
a phaser coupled to the plurality of antenna elements to beam-steer a lobe of a radiation pattern of the plurality of antenna elements.

US Pat. No. 10,367,251

SYSTEMS AND METHODS FOR INTEGRATED ANTENNA ARRANGEMENTS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An apparatus for an electronic device antenna, the apparatus comprising:a conductive enclosure, the conductive enclosure including a conductive inner surface;
a circuit board within the conductive inner surface of the conductive enclosure, the circuit board including a first protrusion and a second protrusion, each protrusion conductively coupling the circuit board with the conductive inner surface; and
a radio frequency (RF) connection between the first protrusion and the second protrusion, the RF connection providing a current return to the circuit board from the conductive inner surface, the RF connection and circuit board forming a first radiating slot antenna conductive flow loop along a circuit board edge to the first protrusion and along the conductive inner surface to the RF connection, and forming a second radiating slot antenna conductive flow loop along the circuit board edge to the second protrusion and along the conductive inner surface to the RF connection, the first and second conductive flow loops providing a slot antenna excitation mode that radiates substantially perpendicular to the circuit board.

US Pat. No. 10,367,249

TUNABLE ANTENNA SYSTEMS, DEVICES, AND METHODS

WISPRY, INC., Irvine, CA...

1. A tunable antenna system comprising:an electrically small antenna having a largest dimension that is substantially equal to or less than one-tenth of a length of a wavelength corresponding to a frequency within a range of low-band frequencies; and
a tunable band-stop circuit connected between the electrically small antenna and a signal node, the tunable band-stop circuit being tunable to adjust a band-stop frequency that is higher than the low-band frequencies but is lower than a range of high-band frequencies;
wherein adjustment of the band-stop frequency helps to match an impedance of the electrically small antenna within the low-band frequencies while maintaining high antenna efficiency in the high-band frequencies.

US Pat. No. 10,367,248

ANTENNA, ARRAY ANTENNA, AND RADIO COMMUNICATION APPARATUS

NEC Corporation, Tokyo (...

1. An antenna comprising:at least one antenna element; and
a reflecting conductive plane, wherein:
the antenna element comprises:
a first Split Ring Resonator;
a first conductor; and
a feed line, wherein
the first Split Ring Resonator is practically perpendicular to the reflecting conductive plane,
the first conductor is:
 elongated-plate-shaped or tube-shaped, and
 practically perpendicular to the reflecting conductive plane,
a first end of the first conductor is:
 electrically connected to the first Split Ring Resonator,
a second end of the first conductor is:
 electrically connected to the reflecting conductive plane, or
 disposed on a side opposite to the first end of the first conductor with the reflecting conductive plane in between as the first conductor passes through the reflecting conductive plane,
a first end of the feed line is:
 electrically connected to the first Split Ring Resonator, and
the feed line is:
 across an opening of the first Split Ring Resonator.

US Pat. No. 10,367,247

PREPARATION METHOD FOR GAAS/GE/GAAS HETEROGENEOUS SPRINTRONIC (SPIN) DIODE FOR LOOP ANTENNA

1. A preparation method for a GaAs/Ge/GaAs heterogeneous spintronic (SPiN) diode for a loop antenna, wherein the loop antenna comprises:a semiconductor substrate;
a dielectric plate;
a first SPiN diode ring, a second SPiN diode ring, first direct current (DC) bias wires and second DC bias wires, disposed on the semiconductor substrate; and
a coupling type feed source, disposed on the dielectric plate;
wherein the first DC bias wires and the second DC bias wires are formed on the semiconductor substrate by heavily doping process;
wherein the preparation method for the SPiN diode comprises following steps of:
(a) selecting a germanium-on-insulator (GeOI) substrate;
(b) etching a top Ge layer of the GeOI substrate to form a first trench and a second trench in the top Ge layer;
(c) depositing a gallium arsenide (GaAs) material in the first trench and the second trench;
(d) performing P-type ion implantation into the GaAs material in the first trench to form a P-type active region and performing an N-type ion implantation into the GaAs material in the second trench to form an N-type active region, by ion implantation process; and
(e) forming lead holes on surfaces of the P-type active region and the N-type active region and then sputtering a metal, to form the GaAs/Ge/GaAs heterogeneous SPiN diode.

US Pat. No. 10,367,237

BATTERY CALIBRATION

Hewlett-Packard Developme...

1. A method for providing a battery calibration alert, comprising:detecting, using a processing resource communicatively coupled to a battery, a charge level of the battery;
in response to detecting a battery at a full charge, recording a current full charge capacity of the battery using the processing resource;
fetching, from a memory, an error cycle count, a design cycle count, and a full charge capacity at a last calibration using the processing resource;
calculating, using the processing resource, a maximum allowable battery decay level before calibration based on the error cycle count, the design cycle count, and the full charge capacity at last calibration; and
in the event that the current full charge capacity is less than the full charge capacity at the last calibration minus the maximum allowable battery decay level before calibration, triggering a battery calibration using the processing resource.

US Pat. No. 10,367,230

BATTERY PACKET

1. A battery packet comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode;
a dielectric layer;
an electrolysis material;
a capacitor having two electrodes connected with the first electrode and the second electrode respectively;
the dielectric layer being disposed in between the first electrode and the second electrode;
the electrolysis material being disposed in between the first electrode and the second electrode;
the electrolysis material being CF6Li or NaCl;
the first electrode, the second electrode, the dielectric layer and the electrolysis material forming a battery cell and the capacitor being a discrete component placed beside the battery cell and integrated in the battery packet;
in response to the battery packet being recharged, the capacitor being fully recharged; and
in response to the capacitor being fully recharged and then a rechargeable power source being removed, the capacitor discharging so as to recharge the battery cell.

US Pat. No. 10,367,225

POWER STORAGE DEVICE

1. A power storage device comprising:a stacked electrode assembly in which a plurality of pairs of electrodes are stacked; and
a fixing tape which is placed astride both end portions of the stacked electrode assembly in an electrode-stacking direction and which includes a pair of bonded sections each bonded to a corresponding one of the end portions thereof and an intermediate section connecting the bonded sections together,
wherein the intermediate section of the fixing tape includes a base portion extending along a side surface of the stacked electrode assembly and a clearance portion projecting in a direction away from the side surface of the stacked electrode assembly and tape surfaces facing each other in the clearance portion are separably bonded to each other.

US Pat. No. 10,367,220

SOLID OXIDE FUEL CELL, FUEL CELL STACK DEVICE, FUEL CELL MODULE, AND FUEL CELL APPARATUS

Kyocera Corporation, Kyo...

1. A solid oxide fuel cell comprising:a fuel electrode layer;
a solid electrolyte layer on the fuel electrode layer, the solid electrolyte layer having at least one hole extending therethrough in a thickness direction;
an oxygen electrode layer on the solid electrolyte layer; and
a sealant consisting essentially of glass disposed in a sealant portion within the at least one hole;
wherein a space is formed between the fuel electrode layer and the sealant portion.

US Pat. No. 10,367,217

MEMBRANE ELECTRODE ASSEMBLY MANUFACTURING PROCESS

1. A method of making a component for a membrane electrode assembly comprising the steps of:(a) providing an air-permeable backer;
(b) depositing an electrode onto said backer;
(c) depositing an aqueous wet layer comprising a fluoroionomer mixture comprising a water-insoluble alcohol and an ionomer onto said electrode;
(d) substantially drying said wet layer to form a protective ionomer layer; and
(e) depositing, after substantially drying said wet layer, a proton conducting composite wet layer onto said protective ionomer layer, wherein the proton conducting composite wet layer has an occlusive interior volume.

US Pat. No. 10,367,213

METHOD OF CONTROLLING FUEL CELL SYSTEM

HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD., T...

1. A method of controlling a fuel cell system including a fuel cell, comprising:circulating a coolant through a fuel cell circulation passage in which the fuel cell and a gas liquid separator are provided;
controlling a valve selectively to connect or disconnect the fuel cell circulation passage and an air conditioning equipment circulation passage in which an air conditioning mechanism is provided;
determining whether the coolant includes air bubbles more than or equal to a threshold amount; and
maintaining the valve to connect the fuel cell circulation passage and the air conditioning equipment circulation passage to circulate the coolant through the air conditioning equipment circulation passage when it is determined that the coolant includes air bubbles more than or equal to the threshold amount, when the valve connects the fuel cell circulation passage and the air conditioning equipment circulation passage, and when a temperature of the fuel cell is higher than or equal to a threshold temperature even if the air conditioning mechanism stops.

US Pat. No. 10,367,210

POWER GENERATOR HAVING INTEGRATED MEMBRANE VALVE

Honeywell International I...

1. A power generator comprising:a case having a surface with a perforation and a cavity containing a gas generating fuel;
a flexible membrane substantially parallel to the case surface and having edges supported by the case to flex transversely toward and away from the case surface to provide a seal with the perforation inside the cavity, the membrane including an impermeable valve plate attached to the membrane, the impermeable valve plate positioned on a location on the membrane corresponding with a sealed mating position on the perforation, wherein the membrane is water vapor permeable and gas impermeable, wherein the valve plate moves transversely toward and away from the sealed mating position on the perforation responsive to a difference in pressure between the cavity and outside the cavity, wherein the membrane and valve plate selectively allow water vapor to pass through the perforation and water vapor permeable membrane to the fuel as a function of the difference in pressure; and
a fuel cell membrane supported by the case and positioned to receive hydrogen at an anode side of the fuel cell membrane and to receive oxygen from outside the power generator at a cathode side of the fuel cell membrane.

US Pat. No. 10,367,208

HIGH EFFICIENCY FUEL REFORMING AND WATER USE IN A HIGH TEMPERATURE FUEL-CELL SYSTEM AND PROCESS FOR THE SUCH THEREOF

1. A method of operating a power-producing solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) or a molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) comprising fueling the SOFC or MCFC fuel cell with a fuel feed stock of hydrocarbon or alcohol fuel and non-extracted, hydrogen-rich gases, wherein reforming of the fuel feed stock occurs within the SOFC or MCFC, where the output stream from the fuel cell goes to a heat exchanger followed by a hydrogen-producing water gas shift (WGS) reactor followed by a carbon dioxide extractor that extracts a portion of the carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O); the extracted carbon dioxide leaving the system at near atmospheric pressure, and the non-extracted, hydrogen-rich gases being recycled to the SOFC or MCFC fuel cell by way of a pump, blower, fan, or Venturi.

US Pat. No. 10,367,203

SECONDARY BATTERY-USE ANODE, SECONDARY BATTERY, BATTERY PACK, ELECTRIC VEHICLE, ELECTRI POWER STORAGE SYSTEM, ELECTRIC POWER TOOL, AND ELECTRONIC APPARATUS

Murata Manufacturing Co.,...

1. A secondary battery comprising:a cathode;
an anode; and
a nonaqueous electrolytic solution,
the anode including an anode active material mixture in an anode active material layer,
wherein the anode active mixture includes an anode active material and a metal salt,
wherein a content of the metal salt in the anode active material layer ranges from 0.5 wt % to 3 wt %,
wherein the anode active material containing an electrode compound, the electrode compound inserting and extracting an electrode reactant at a potential (a potential to lithium) of 1 V to 3 V both inclusive, and
wherein the metal salt containing one or both of a carboxylic acid compound represented by the following formula (1) and a sulfonic acid compound represented by the following formula (2),

where M1 is one of an alkali metal element and an alkali-earth metal element, “a” is an integer of 1 to 4, each of “b”, “c”, and “d” is 1 or 2, and in a case of d=2, one M1 and the other M1 may be of a same kind or different kinds, and

where M2 is one of an alkali metal element and an alkali-earth metal element, “e” is an integer of 1 to 4, each of “f”, “g”, and “h” is 1 or 2, and in a case of h=2, one M1 and the other M2 may be of a same kind or different kinds,
wherein the carboxylic acid is selected from the group consisting of LiO—CH2—CO2Li, LiO—C2H4—CO2Li, LiO—C3H6—CO2Li, and LiO—C4H8—CO2Li and
wherein the sulfonic acid is selected from the group consisting of LiO—C3H6—SO3Li and KO—C3H6—SO3K.

US Pat. No. 10,367,197

POSITIVE ACTIVE MATERIAL COMPOSITION FOR LITHIUM BATTERY, METHOD OF PREPARING THE SAME, AND LITHIUM BATTERY INCLUDING THE SAME

Industry-University Coope...

1. A positive active material for a lithium battery comprising: an internal bulk part comprising at least two metals selected from the group consisting of nickel, manganese, and cobalt;an external bulk part surrounding the internal bulk part and comprising the same at least two metals as the internal part; and
an interface between the internal bulk part and the external bulk part,
wherein the internal bulk part extends from a center of the positive active material to the interface, and the external bulk part extends from the interface to a surface of the positive active material,
wherein,
each of the at least two metals in the internal bulk part and the interface has a constant concentration,
each of the at least two metals in the external bulk part has a continuous concentration gradient starting from the same concentration as each of the at least two metals in the internal bulk part and the interface toward the surface of the positive active material,
a concentration change rate of each of the at least two metals from the interface to the surface of the positive active material is in a range of 0.1 mol %/0.1 ?m to 50 mol %/0.1 ?m, and
wherein a concentration of nickel decreases, and a concentration of each of manganese and cobalt increases from the interface to the surface of the positive active material.

US Pat. No. 10,367,196

LITHIUM-IRON-PHOSPHORUS-SULFUR-CARBON COMPOSITE AND METHOD FOR PRODUCING SAME

National Institute of Adv...

1. A composite comprising, as constituent elements, lithium, iron, phosphorus, sulfur, and carbon,wherein lithium sulfide (Li2S) is present in an amount of 90 mol % or more, and
wherein the crystallite size calculated from a half-width of a diffraction peak based on the (111) plane of Li2S as determined by X-ray powder diffraction measurement is 80 nm or less.

US Pat. No. 10,367,188

STORAGE BATTERY ELECTRODE, MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF, STORAGE BATTERY, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A method for manufacturing a storage battery electrode, comprising:forming a first aqueous solution by mixing an active material with an aqueous solution including an oxidized derivative of a first conductive additive;
forming a first mixture by drying the aqueous solution;
forming a second mixture by mixing a second conductive additive and a binder;
forming a third mixture by mixing the first mixture and the second mixture; and
coating a current collector with the third mixture and reducing the oxidized derivative of the first conductive additive.

US Pat. No. 10,367,185

RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A rechargeable battery, comprising:an electrode assembly, the electrode assembly including a first electrode plate, a second electrode plate, and a separator;
a first terminal electrically connected to the first electrode plate;
a second terminal electrically connected to the second electrode plate;
a case accommodating the electrode assembly and portions of the first terminal and second terminal;
a cap assembly sealing the case, the cap assembly being electrically connected to the first terminal, the first terminal including:
a first collector plate electrically connected to the first electrode plate and having a region adjacent to the cap assembly, and
a first electrode terminal on the cap assembly and electrically connected to the cap assembly; and
dish-shaped first and second connection plates on the first terminal and the second terminal, respectively, the first and second connection plates being invertable and breakable in response to a predetermined pressure respectively applied to the first and second connection plates,
wherein:
the first electrode terminal includes a first terminal hole passing therethrough from a top surface to a bottom surface of the first electrode terminal such that the first electrode terminal has a ring-shaped horizontal section,
a gas vent formed by the first connection plate and the first terminal hole passage is opened when the connection plate is in a broken state,
the first terminal further includes a first elastic supporting member at least partially within a concavity of the first connection plate such that the first elastic supporting member is between a top portion of a central bulge of the first connection plate and the first electrode terminal,
the first connection plate is between a portion of the cap assembly and the region of the first collector plate adjacent to the cap assembly and electrically connects the cap assembly to the first collector plate, and
the first connection plate has a downwardly convex dish shape in which the central bulge thereof is electrically connected to the first collector plate and an edge portion thereof is electrically connected to the cap assembly.

US Pat. No. 10,367,184

RECHARGEABLE BATTERY

SAMSUNG SDI CO., LTD., Y...

1. A rechargeable battery, comprising:an electrode assembly including a first electrode, a separator, and a second electrode;
a case that accommodates the electrode assembly;
a first lead terminal and a second lead terminal that are respectively connected to the first electrode and the second electrode of the electrode assembly, the first and second lead terminals being drawn out of the case; and
a fixing member that surrounds the first lead terminal and the second lead terminal,
wherein the first lead terminal includes a first region and a second region adjacent to each other along a first direction, longitudinal directions of each of the entire first and second regions extending entirely along the first direction from opposite sides of the fixing member,
wherein the second lead terminal includes a third region and a fourth region adjacent to each other along the first direction, longitudinal directions of each of the entire third and fourth regions extending entirely along the first direction from opposite sides of the fixing member, and
wherein a width of the first region and a width of the second region are different from each other along a second direction perpendicular to the first direction, and a width of the third region and a width of the fourth region are different from each other along the second direction.

US Pat. No. 10,367,181

LITHIUM-ION BATTERY

Panasonic Intellectual Pr...

1. A lithium-ion battery comprising:a positive electrode plate containing a lithium metal oxide as a positive electrode active material;
a negative electrode plate containing carbon as a negative electrode active material;
a separator having a first surface, and a second surface opposite the first surface, the separator being disposed between the positive electrode plate and the negative electrode plate with the first surface contacting the negative electrode plate, and the second surface contacting the positive electrode plate; and
an electrolytic solution of a lithium ion dissolved as an electrolyte in an organic solvent,
wherein the separator includes a support layer, and a separation functional layer having a smaller pore size and a lower porosity than the support layer,
wherein the separation functional layer has the porosity of at most 1%, and at least above 0%
wherein an average thickness of the separation functional layer is from 10 nm to 100 nm,
wherein the separation functional layer has an average pore diameter of from 0.3 nm to 0.8 nm, and
wherein the separator includes the separation functional layer on at least one of a side of the first surface and a side of the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,367,179

BATTERY PACK

LG CHEM, LTD., Seoul (KR...

1. A battery pack, comprising:a cell assembly including a plurality of secondary batteries located therein, the cell assembly encircling the plurality of secondary batteries such that the cell assembly does not extend between the plurality of secondary batteries, and the cell assembly having outer protrusions formed at an outer side surface thereof to extend continuously, vertically from a top of the cell assembly towards a bottom of the cell assembly, the outer protrusions extending parallel to each other; and
a pack housing configured to have an inner space in which the cell assembly is accommodated, the pack housing having inner protrusions formed at an inner side surface thereof to extend continuously, vertically between a top and a bottom of the pack housing, the inner protrusions extending parallel to each other,
wherein the outer protrusions and the inner protrusions are located adjacent to each other such that an entire length of each outer protrusion is overlapped by an adjacent inner protrusion.

US Pat. No. 10,367,176

POWER STORAGE DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A power storage device comprising:a positive electrode;
a negative electrode;
an electrolyte;
an exterior body; and
an electrode lead,
wherein the positive electrode comprises a positive electrode current collector and a positive electrode active material layer in contact with the positive electrode current collector,
wherein the negative electrode comprises a negative electrode current collector and a negative electrode active material layer in contact with the negative electrode current collector,
wherein the positive electrode active material layer and the negative electrode active material layer overlap with each other,
wherein the positive electrode, the negative electrode, and the electrolyte are surrounded by the exterior body,
wherein Py>Px, Ny>Nx, and Ny>Py+Nx?Px are satisfied, where a length of the positive electrode active material layer is Py, a width of the positive electrode active material layer is Px, a length of the negative electrode active material layer is Ny, and a width of the negative electrode active material layer is Nx, and
wherein Ny=Py+Gy1+Gy2 is satisfied and Gy2 is greater than Gy1, where Gy1 is a distance between a first end of the positive electrode active material layer and a first end of the negative electrode active material layer and Gy2 is a distance between a second end of the positive electrode active material layer and a second end of the negative electrode active material layer in a length direction, the first end of the positive electrode active material layer is closer to the electrode lead than the second end of the positive electrode active material layer is, and the first end of the negative electrode active material layer is closer to the electrode lead than the second end of the negative electrode active material layer is.

US Pat. No. 10,367,174

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF A LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A manufacturing method of a light emitting device using a manufacturing apparatus comprising a first treatment chamber and a second treatment chamber, the manufacturing method comprising steps of:preparing a substrate to be treated, the substrate comprising an insulating surface, a plurality of pixel electrodes on the insulating surface, and a bank covering edge portions of the plurality of pixel electrodes and exposing each of upper surfaces of the plurality of pixel electrodes;
transporting the substrate into the first treatment chamber;
forming a first organic layer over the upper surfaces of the plurality of pixel electrodes while holding the substrate so that the insulating surface faces a direction parallel to gravity;
returning the substrate from the first treatment chamber;
transporting the substrate into the second treatment chamber; and
forming a second organic layer over the first organic layer in a region overlapping one of the upper surfaces of the plurality of pixel electrodes while holding the substrate so that the insulating surface faces a direction perpendicular to gravity.

US Pat. No. 10,367,173

DISPLAY DEVICE

InnoLux Corporation, Mia...

1. A display device comprising:a display panel;
a polarizer layer disposed on the display panel and having a first thickness; and
a cover layer directly formed on the polarizer layer and having a second thickness;
wherein the cover layer has a pencil hardness greater than or equal to 6H, and the first thickness is greater than the second thickness, and
wherein an area of the polarizer layer is greater than an area of the display panel, and a first distance between an edge of the display panel and an edge of the polarizer layer is in a range from 0 to 5 millimeters.

US Pat. No. 10,367,172

CIRCULARLY POLARIZING PLATE AND BENDABLE DISPLAY DEVICE

FUJIFILM Corporation, To...

1. A circularly polarizing plate used for a bendable display device, comprising:a polarizer; and
a phase difference film that is arranged on one side of the polarizer,
wherein the phase difference film includes a ?/2 plate and a ?/4 plate,
the ?/2 plate and the ?/4 plate each include a liquid crystal compound, and
a slow axis direction of the phase difference film is adjusted to define an angle of 75 to 105 degrees with respect to a bending direction of the display device.

US Pat. No. 10,367,171

LOW REFLECTIVE DISPLAY DEVICE

1. A low reflective display device comprising:a light-emitting unit comprising a plurality of sub-pixels separated from each other by spacers; and
a low reflective unit disposed on the light-emitting unit, wherein the low reflective unit comprises:
a plurality of optical lens structures arranged in a position-corresponding manner to the plurality of sub-pixels thereon respectively, wherein each of the plurality of optical lens structures has a bottom face onto which light-beams generated from a corresponding sub-pixel of the plurality of sub-pixels is incident, a top face out of which the incident light beam is emitted, and a side-wall face connecting the bottom face and the top face of the optical lens structure;
a light-reflective layer covering the side-wall face of each optical lens structure, the light-reflective layer reflecting the light-beam incident on the side-wall face into an inside of the optical lens structure; and
a light-absorbing member arranged to fill spaces between the optical lens structures, wherein the light-absorbing member is configured to expose the bottom and top faces of each of the plurality of optical lens structures,
wherein the bottom face of each of the plurality of optical lens structures completely covers the top face of the corresponding sub-pixel of the plurality of sub-pixels and receives all of the light-beams generated from the corresponding sub-pixel, and
wherein the bottom face of each of the plurality of optical lens structures has a first area and the top face of the corresponding sub-pixel has a second area such that the first area is greater than or equal to the second area
wherein the top face of each of the plurality of optical lens structures has a third area, wherein the third area is smaller than the first area,
wherein the sub-pixels comprises:
a red sub-pixel configured to generate a red light-beam;
a blue sub-pixel configured to generate a blue light-beam, wherein the blue sub-pixel has a blue sub-pixel top face area greater than a red sub-pixel top face area of the red sub-pixel; and
a green sub-pixel configured to generate a green light-beam, wherein the green sub-pixel has a green sub-pixel top face area smaller than the top face areas of the red and blue sub-pixels, and
wherein the plurality of optical lens structures comprises:
a red optical lens structure disposed on the red sub-pixel;
a blue optical lens structure disposed on the blue sub-pixel, wherein the blue optical lens structure has a blue optical lens structure bottom face area and a blue optical lens structure top face area that are larger than a red optical lens structure bottom face area and a red optical lens structure top face area of the red optical lens structure, respectively; and
a green optical lens structure disposed on the green sub-pixel, wherein the green optical lens structure has a green optical lens structure bottom face area and a green optical lens structure top face area that are smaller than bottom face areas and top face areas of the red and blue optical lens structures, respectively.

US Pat. No. 10,367,170

LIGHT EMITTING DEVICE WITH IRREGULARITIES LOCATED ON A FIRST LIGHT TRANSMISSIVE SUBSTRATE AND A SECOND LIGHT TRANSMISSIVE SUBSTRATE

PIONEER CORPORATION, Kaw...

1. A light-emitting device comprising:a first light transmissive substrate comprising a first surface and a second surface;
an organic functional layer that is located on the side of the first surface and includes a light-emitting layer; and
a second light transmissive substrate that is located on the side of the second surface, with the second light transmissive substrate, the first light transmissive substrate and the organic functional layer being arranged in this order in a thickness direction of the light-emitting device,
wherein a plurality of first irregularities are located on the second surface, and a plurality of second irregularities are located on a surface of the second light transmissive substrate, and intervals between vertexes of the second irregularities are narrower than intervals between the vertexes of the first irregularities.

US Pat. No. 10,367,169

PROCESSES FOR MAKING LIGHT EXTRACTION SUBSTRATES FOR AN ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE USING PHOTO-THERMAL TREATMENT

CORNING INCORPORATED, Co...

1. A process for forming an article for improved light extraction, the process comprising:providing a base substrate;
disposing a precursor on the base substrate, the precursor comprising:
particles of a first material comprising an inorganic oxide and having:
an average diameter of from 10 nm to 1 ?m; and
an organic binder; and
photo-thermally treating the precursor to form a porous photo-thermally treated light extraction layer having an average pore diameter from 10 nm to 1000 nm,
wherein the photo-thermally treating comprises exposing the precursor to a radiation source emitting radiation in at least the range from 300 to 400 nm and the porous photo-thermally treated light extraction layer improves the light output of the article by a factor of 1.7× or greater.

US Pat. No. 10,367,168

ORGANIC OPTOELECTRONIC COMPONENT

OSRAM OLED GmbH, Regensb...

1. An organic optoelectronic component comprising:an organic layer sequence having an active layer for emitting or absorbing electromagnetic radiation;
a thin-film encapsulation on the organic layer sequence;
an absorption layer on the organic layer sequence, the absorption layer configured to absorb and store a substance which is harmful to the organic layer sequence; and
a transport layer directly adjacent to the absorption layer, the transport layer configured to transport the harmful substance,
wherein the transport layer has a greater diffusion coefficient and/or a higher transmission rate for the harmful substance than the absorption layer, and
wherein the absorption layer has a higher storage capacity for the harmful substance than the transport layer so that the harmful substance, upon contact with the transport layer, is distributed within the transport layer and is subsequently absorbed by the absorption layer.

US Pat. No. 10,367,167

DISPLAY DEVICE

Japan Display Inc., Toky...

1. A display device comprising:a first substrate;
a plurality of organic light emitting elements on the first substrate; and a sealing film covering the organic light emitting elements, the sealing film including a first barrier layer, a base layer including silicon oxide or amorphous silicon on the first barrier layer, an organic layer on the base layer, and a second barrier layer on the base layer and the organic layer, a first thickness of the first barrier layer being thicker than a second thickness of the base layer,
wherein the first barrier layer includes silicon nitride or silicon oxynitride, and the second barrier layer includes silicon nitride or silicon oxynitride,
the base layer and the second barrier layer are in contact with each other,
the base layer and the first barrier layer are in contact with each other; and further comprising:
a filler on the sealing film; and
a second substrate on the filler.

US Pat. No. 10,367,165

FLEXIBLE DISPLAY DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A flexible display device comprising:a substrate;
a driver integrated circuit (IC) in a non-display portion of the substrate and configured to supply a driving voltage to a display portion of the substrate;
a flexible printed circuit board attached to the non-display portion at an outer side of the driver IC; and
a printed circuit board attached to the flexible printed circuit board and configured to transfer the driving voltage to the driver IC,
wherein the driver IC comprises a base layer attached to the substrate, a plurality of bumps at a bottom surface of the base layer, a first layer at an upper surface of the base layer, and second layers disposed on the first layer to correspond to locations of the plurality of bumps.

US Pat. No. 10,367,163

ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DIODE AND ORGANIC LIGHT EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. An organic light emitting diode, comprising:a first electrode and a second electrode facing each other;
an emission layer between the first electrode and the second electrode; and
a hole injection layer between the first electrode and the emission layer, the hole injection layer including a dipole material including a first component and a second component that have different polarities,
wherein the emission layer includes a red emission layer, a green emission layer, and a blue emission layer, and further includes an auxiliary layer only under the blue emission layer such that the auxiliary layer is not included between the red emission layer and the hole injection layer and the auxiliary layer is not included between the green emission layer and the hole injection layer, and
wherein the auxiliary layer includes a compound expressed by the following Chemical Formula 1:

wherein, in Chemical Formula 1, A1, A2, and A3 are each hydrogen, a phenyl group, carbazole, dibenzothiophene, dibenzofuran (DBF), and biphenyl, and a, b, and c are each an integer of zero to four, and
wherein at least one of A1, A2, and A3 is

US Pat. No. 10,367,162

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING OPTICAL CAVITY WITH LOW ANGULAR COLOUR SHIFT

Sharp Kabushiki Kaisha, ...

1. A light-emitting device comprising:an emissive layer that emits light by recombination of first charges and second charges;
a first electrode from which the first charges are supplied;
a second electrode located on an opposite side of the emissive layer relative to the first electrode from which the second charges are supplied;
a first charge transport layer located between the emissive layer and the first electrode that injects the first charges from the first electrode into the emissive layer; and
a second charge transport layer located between the emissive layer and the second electrode that injects the second charges from the second electrode into the emissive layer;
wherein at least one of the charge transport layers is an absorbing charge transport layer that includes a light absorbing material that absorbs light within a portion of the emission spectrum of the light emitted by the emissive layer.

US Pat. No. 10,367,158

CARBON NANOTUBE FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTOR WITH SIDEWALL-PROTECTED METAL CONTACTS

International Business Ma...

1. A field effect transistor, comprising:a substrate; a gate dielectric formed on the substrate; a channel material formed on the dielectric layer, the channel material including carbon nanotubes; a patterned photoresist layer having openings formed therein; and metal contacts formed on the channel material in the openings in the patterned photoresist layer and extension portions of the metal contacts formed in overlap regions extending over portions of the patterned photoresist layer to protect sidewalls of the metal contacts to prevent degradation of the metal contacts, wherein the metal contacts are conformally formed over the patterned photoresist layer and include a dimple below a top surface of the extension portions, with the extension portions being symmetrically sized about the opening and end points of the extension portions being positioned centrally over the patterned photoresist layer.

US Pat. No. 10,367,154

ORGANIC ELECTROLUMINESCENT MATERIALS AND DEVICES

UNIVERSAL DISPLAY CORPORA...

1. A heteroleptic iridium compound having the formula Ir(L1)n(L2)3?n:wherein the ligand L1 is a first ligand having Formula I,

wherein the ligand L2 is a second ligand selected from the group consisting of

wherein L1 is different from L2;
wherein R1 is a partially or fully deuterated group selected from the group consisting of alkyl and cycloalkyl;
wherein R2 represents mono, di, or tri substitutions;
wherein R3, R4 and R5 each represent mono, di, tri, tetra substitutions or no substitution;
wherein each R2 is hydrogen or alkyl;
wherein at least one R2 is non-deuterated alkyl;
wherein each R3 is selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, alkyl, and combinations thereof;
wherein R4 and R5 are each independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, alkyl, aryl, heteroaryl, and combinations thereof;
wherein RA, and RC each represent mono, di, tri, tetra substitutions or no substitution;
wherein RB represents no substitution up to maximum possible substitutions; and
wherein RA, RB, and RC are independently selected from the group consisting of hydrogen, deuterium, methyl, ethyl, propyl, 1-methylethyl, butyl, 1-methylpropyl, 2-methylpropyl, pentyl, 1-methylbutyl, 2-methylbutyl, 3-methylbutyl, 1,1-dimethylpropyl, 1,2-dimethylpropyl, 2,2-dimethylpropyl, and combinations thereof, and
wherein n is 1 or 2.

US Pat. No. 10,367,153

PHOTOELECTRIC CONVERSION FILM, SOLID STATE IMAGING ELEMENT, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SONY SEMICONDUCTOR SOLUTI...

1. A photoelectric conversion film, comprising:a subphthalocyanine derivative represented by general formula (1) below,

wherein, in the general formula (1),
X1 to X6 are mutually independently hydrogen, a halogen, a hydroxy group, a thiol group, an alkoxy group, a cyano group, a nitro group, a silylalkyl group, a silylalkoxy group, an arylsilyl group, a thioalkyl group, a thioaryl group, a sulfonyl group, an arylsulfonyl group, an alkylsulfonyl group, an amino group, an alkylamino group, an arylamino group, an acyl group, an acylamino group, an acyloxy group, a carboxy group, a carboxamide group, a carboalkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group, or a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group,
Z is hydrogen, a halogen, a hydroxy group, a thiol group, an imide group, an alkoxy group, a cyano group, a nitro group, a silylalkyl group, a silylalkoxy group, an arylsilyl group, a thioalkyl group, a thioaryl group, a sulfonyl group, an arylsulfonyl group, an alkylsulfonyl group, an amino group, an alkylamino group, an arylamino group, an acyl group, an acylamino group, an acyloxy group, a carboxy group, a carboxamide group, a carboalkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted alkylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted arylthio group, or a subphthalocyanine derivative linked via an oxygen atom, and
at least one or more of the X1 and the X2, at least one or more of the X3 and the X4, and at least one or more of the X5 and the X6 are a substituent represented by general formula (2) below,

wherein, in the general formula (2),
R1 to R3 are mutually independently hydrogen, a halogen, a hydroxy group, an alkoxy group, a cyano group, a nitro group, a sulfonyl group, an amino group, an acyl group, a carboxy group, or a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group, and
at least two or more of the R1 to the R3 are fluorine.

US Pat. No. 10,367,151

CONDENSED CYCLIC COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A condensed cyclic compound represented by one of Formulae 1A to 1D:
L1 to L3 are each independently selected from the group consisting of
a phenylene group, a fluorenylene group, a dibenzofuranylene group, and a dibenzothiophenylene group; and
a substituted or unsubstituted phenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted fluorenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted dibenzofuranylene group, and substituted or unsubstituted a dibenzothiophenylene group, wherein each substituted group is substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a naphthyl group, a pyridinyl group, a fluorenyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, and a dibenzothiophenyl group,
a1 to a3 are each independently an integer selected from 0 to 5, wherein when a1 is 2 or greater, two or more groups L1 are identical to or different from each other, when a2 is 2 or greater, two or more groups L2 are identical to or different from each other, and when a3 is 2 or greater, two or more groups L3 are identical to or different from each other,
R1 to R7, and R11 to R18 are each independently selected from the group consisting of:
a hydrogen, a deuterium, —F, a cyano group, a C1-C10 alkyl group, and a C1-C10 alkoxy group;
a C1-C10 alkyl group and a C1-C10 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, and a cyano group;
a phenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a triazinyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, and a dibenzothiophenyl group; and
a phenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a triazinyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, and a dibenzothiophenyl group, each substituted with at least one selected from a deuterium, —F, a cyano group, a C1-C10 alkyl group, a C1-C10 alkoxy group, a phenyl group, a pyridinyl group, a pyrimidinyl group, a triazinyl group, a dibenzofuranyl group, and a dibenzothiophenyl group,
a group represented by
is selected from groups consisting of groups represented by Formulae 5-1 to 5-60, and a group represented byis selected from groups consisting of groups represented by Formulae 5-1 to 5-69:
wherein, in Formulae 5-1 to 5-69, * is a binding site to a neighboring atom.

US Pat. No. 10,367,150

COMPOUND AND ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A compound represented by Formula 3 or Formula 5:

wherein in Formulae 3 and 5,
R2 and R4 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —P(?O)R11R12, and —P(?S)R13R14;
R1 is selected from deuterium, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, P(?O)R11R12, and —P(?S)R13R14;
R3 is selected from deuterium and groups represented by Formulae 2a to 2f:

wherein in Formulae 2a to 2f,
H1 is NR21, O, or S;
R11, R12, R21, Z1, and Z2 are each independently selected from hydrogen atom, deuterium, a halogen group, a cyano group, a nitro group, a hydroxyl group, a carboxyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C20 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
p is an integer selected from 1 to 9, and when p is 2 or more, the plurality of Zi(s) are identical to or different from each other; and* indicates a binding site;L1, L2 and L4 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
L3 is selected from one of Formulae 3a to 3c:

wherein in Formulae 3a to 3c,
Z1 is selected from hydrogen atom, deuterium, a halogen group, a cyano group, a nitro group, a hydroxyl group, a carboxyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C20 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C20 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group; and
* indicates a binding site;
R11 to R14 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
R21 is selected from hydrogen, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
l, m, n, and o are each independently an integer selected from 1 to 5;
a1, a2, a3, and a4 are each independently an integer selected from 0 to 3,
wherein when a3 in Formula 5 is 0, R3 is not Formula 2a or Formula 2c, and
when a1, a2, a3, and a4 are each independently 2 or more, respective L1s to L4s are each independently identical to or different from each other; and
at least one of substituents of the substituted C1-C60 alkyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, substituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, substituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, substituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, substituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, substituted C6-C60 aryl group, substituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, substituted C6-C60 arylthio group, substituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, substituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, substituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, substituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, substituted C2-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, substituted C6-C60 arylene group, substituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and substituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group is selected from:
deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group;
a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, and a C1-C60 alkoxy group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q11)(Q12), —Si(Q13)(Q14)(Q15), and —B(Q16)(Q17);
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, each substituted with at least one selected from deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C2-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C2-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C6-C60 aryloxy group, a C6-C60 arylthio group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —N(Q21)(Q22), —Si(Q23)(Q24)(Q25) and —B(Q26)(Q27); and
—N(Q31)(Q32), —Si(Q33)(Q34)(Q35), and —B(Q36)(Q37);
wherein Q11 to Q17, Q21 to Q27, and Q31 to Q37 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amino group, an amidino group, a hydrazine group, a hydrazone group, a carboxylic acid group or a salt thereof, a sulfonic acid group or a salt thereof, a phosphoric acid group or a salt thereof, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C2-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group.

US Pat. No. 10,367,149

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

LG Chem, Ltd., (KR)

1. An organic light emitting device comprising:a positive electrode;
a negative electrode provided to face the positive electrode; and
an organic material layer between the positive electrode and the negative electrode,
wherein the organic material layer comprises a light emitting layer,
the organic material layer further includes an electron adjusting layer and an electron transport layer provided between the light emitting layer and the negative electrode,
the electron adjusting layer includes a compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 1, and
the electron transport layer includes a compound represented by the following Chemical Formula 11:

in Chemical Formula 1,
Ar1 and Ar2 are the same as or different from each other, and are each independently a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group; or a substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclic group, and
L1 is represented by any one of the following Chemical Formulae 2 to 5,

in Chemical Formulae 2 to 5,
a dotted line “” is each a moiety bonded to a triazine group or L2 of Chemical Formula 1,
S1 to S4 are the same as or different from each other, and are each independently hydrogen; deuterium; a halogen group; a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group; a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group; or a substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclic group,
p and q are the same as or different from each other, and are each independently an integer of 0 to 6,
r is an integer of 0 to 8,
y is an integer of 0 to 4,
when p, q, r, and y are each an integer of 2 or more, a plurality of S1 to S4 are each the same as or different from each other,
L2 is a direct bond; or a substituted or unsubstituted arylene group,
Ar3 is represented by a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group; a substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclic group including S or O; a substituted or unsubstituted carbazole group; or any one of the following Chemical Formulae 6 to 10, when L1 is Chemical Formulae 2 to 4,
Ar3 is represented by a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group; a substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclic group including S or O; or any one of the following Chemical Formulae 6 to 10, when L1 is Chemical Formula 5,

in Chemical Formulae 6 to 10,
X1 is O, S, or NR,
at least two of X2 to X6 are N, and the others are each independently CR?,
R and R? are the same as or different from each other, and are each independently hydrogen; deuterium; a halogen group; a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group; or a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group,
R1 to R6, R9, and R10 are the same as or different from each other, and are each independently hydrogen; deuterium; a halogen group; a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group; a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group; or a substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclic group,
at least one of Y1 to Y4 is N, and the others are CR?,
R? is each independently hydrogen or deuterium,
R7 and R8 are directly bonded, or combine with each other to form a substituted or unsubstituted ring,
m, n, t, u, v, and x are each an integer of 0 to 4, w is an integer of 0 to 3, and when m, n, t, u, v, w, and x are each an integer of 2 or more, a plurality of R1 to R6, R9, and R10 are each the same as or different from each other,
s is an integer of 0 to 2, and when s is 2, two R3s are the same as or different from each other,
“” means a moiety bonded to L2 of Chemical Formula 1, and the bonding moiety of Chemical Formula 10 is bonded to a ring formed by bonding R6, R9, R10 or R7, and R8,

in Chemical Formula 11, at least two of X10 to X12 are N, and the other is each independently CR??,
R?? is hydrogen; deuterium; a halogen group; a substituted or unsubstituted alkyl group; or a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group,
Ar4 to Ar6 are the same as or different from each other, and are each independently a substituted or unsubstituted aryl group; or a substituted or unsubstituted heterocyclic group,
L3 is a direct bond; a substituted or unsubstituted arylene group; or a substituted or unsubstituted divalent heterocyclic group, and
l is 1 or 2, and when 1 is 2, Ar6s are the same as or different from each other.

US Pat. No. 10,367,148

LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE, ELECTRONIC APPARATUS, AND INSPECTION METHOD

Seiko Epson Corporation, ...

1. A light-emitting device comprising a light-emitting element including an anode, a cathode, and a light-emitting layer which is provided between the anode and the cathode and emits light in a near-infrared region by applying a current between the anode and the cathode, whereinthe light-emitting device emits visible light with a luminance of 5 cd/m2 or more when a current is applied between the anode and the cathode at a current density of 300 mA/cm2 or less,
the light-emitting layer is constituted by including a light-emitting material and a host material which holds the light-emitting material, and
wherein the light-emitting material contains at least one of a compound represented by the following general formula (IRD-1), a compound represented by the following general formula (IRD-2), a compound represented by the following general formula (IRD-3), and a compound represented by the following general formula (IRD-4):

wherein each R independently represents an aryl group, an arylamino group, triarylamine, or a group containing at least one of the derivatives thereof,

wherein each R independently represents an aryl group, an arylamino group, triarylamine, or a group containing at least one of the derivatives thereof,

wherein X represents a carbon atom to which hydrogen is attached or a nitrogen atom, and R represents a hydrogen atom, an alkyl group, an aryl group which may have a substituent, an allyl group, an alkoxy group, or a heterocyclic group, and

wherein each R independently represents a phenyl group, a thiophenyl group, a furyl group, or a group containing at least one of the derivatives thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,367,147

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DEVICE

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting device comprising:a first electrode;
a second electrode; and
an organic layer between the first electrode and the second electrode, the organic layer comprising an emission layer,
wherein the organic layer comprises a first compound represented by Formula 1 and a second compound represented by Formula 2:

wherein, in Formulae 1, 2, 2A, 2B, and 1A,
R11 to R20 are each independently selected from a group represented by Formula 1A, hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —Si(Q1)(Q2)(Q3), —N(Q1)(Q2), —B(Q1)(Q2), —C(?O)(Q1), —S(?O)2(Q1), and —P(?O)(Q1)(Q2), provided that at least one selected from R11 to R20 is a group represented by Formula 1A;
L101 is selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a101 is selected from 0, 1, 2, and 3;
R101 is selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —Si(Q1)(Q2)(Q3), —N(Q1)(Q2), —B(Q1)(Q2), —C(?O)(Q1), —S(?O)2(Q1), and —P(?O)(Q1)(Q2);
Ar is selected from a group represented by Formula 2A and a group represented by Formula 2B;
X21 is selected from oxygen, sulfur, N(R204), and C(R204)(R205);
X22 is selected from oxygen, sulfur, N(R206), and C(R206)(R207);
A21 is selected from a C5-C20 carbocyclic group and a C1-C20 heterocyclic group;
A22 is selected from a C6-C20 arene group and a C1-C20 heteroarene group;
A23 is selected from a C5-C20 carbocyclic group and a C1-C20 heterocyclic group;
L21 to L26 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroarylene group, a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, and a substituted or unsubstituted divalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group;
a21 to a26 are each independently selected from 0, 1, 2, and 3;
R21 to R24 are each independently selected from a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group and a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group; wherein R21 and R22 are optionally linked to each other to form a saturated ring or an unsaturated ring, and R23 and R24 are optionally linked to each other to form a saturated ring or an unsaturated ring;
R201 to R207 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C2-C60 alkynyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 alkoxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 aryloxy group, a substituted or unsubstituted C6-C60 arylthio group, a substituted or unsubstituted C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a substituted or unsubstituted monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, —Si(Q1)(Q2)(Q3), —N(Q1)(Q2), —B(Q1)(Q2), —C(?O)(Q1), —S(?O)2(Q1) and —P(?O)(Q1)(Q2); wherein R204 and R205 are optionally linked to each other to form a saturated ring or an unsaturated ring, and R206 and R207 are optionally linked to each other to form a saturated ring or an unsaturated ring;
b201 to b203 are each independently selected from 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and 10;
Q1 to Q3 are each independently selected from hydrogen, deuterium, —F, —Cl, —Br, —I, a hydroxyl group, a cyano group, a nitro group, an amidino group, a hydrazino group, a hydrazono group, a C1-C60 alkyl group, a C2-C60 alkenyl group, a C2-C60 alkynyl group, a C1-C60 alkoxy group, a C3-C10 cycloalkyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkyl group, a C3-C10 cycloalkenyl group, a C1-C10 heterocycloalkenyl group, a C6-C60 aryl group, a C1-C60 heteroaryl group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed polycyclic group, a monovalent non-aromatic condensed heteropolycyclic group, a biphenyl group, and a terphenyl group; and
* indicates a binding site to a neighboring atom.

US Pat. No. 10,367,146

FORMATION OF CARBON NANOTUBE-CONTAINING DEVICES

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method of forming a carbon nanotube based device, comprising:forming a metal oxide layer on a substrate;
forming a monolayer of a bifunctional compound on the metal oxide layer, wherein a first reactive moiety of the bifunctional compound is selectively chemically bonded to the metal oxide layer; and
reacting the monolayer of the bifunctional compound with an organic dispersion of a plurality of carbon nanotubes, wherein the carbon nanotubes chemically bonded to the monolayer of the bifunctional compound, wherein the plurality of carbon nanotubes are not chemically functionalized, and wherein the monolayer of the bifunctional compound includes a second reactive moiety chemically bonded to the carbon nanotubes, and a compound other than the monolayer of the bifunctional compound is not attached to the carbon nanotubes.

US Pat. No. 10,367,145

SELF-ASSEMBLY OF NANOSTRUCTURES

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A structure having layer of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), the structure comprising:a substrate including a first surface having a first isoelectric point and at least one additional surface having a second isoelectric point;
a self-assembled monolayer on the first surface, the self-assembled monolayer comprising an electron deficient compound of the formula:
wherein R is an electron withdrawing group, n is an integer from 1 to 12, and X is hydroxamic acid or phosphonic acid or catechol that is bound to the first surface; andelectron rich coated CNTs on the self-assembled monolayer, wherein the electron rich coated CNTs form a dipole-to-dipole interaction with the electron deficient compound, wherein the electron rich coated CNTs comprise a coating of an arene on the CNT, wherein the arene is selected from the group consisting of benzene, biphenylene, triphenylene, pyrene, naphthalene, anthracene and phenanthrene and mixtures thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,367,144

STABLE ORGANIC FIELD-EFFECT TRANSISTORS BY INCORPORATING AN ELECTRON-ACCEPTING MOLECULE

THE REGENTS OF THE UNIVER...

1. One or more organic field effect transistor (OFET)s, comprising:semiconducting polymers combined with electron acceptors so as to change an ambipolar transport of the semiconducting polymers to p-type transport;
a source contact to a p-type channel including the semiconducting polymers;
a drain contact to the p-type channel; and
a dielectric between a gate contact and the p-type channel.

US Pat. No. 10,367,142

LAYERED STRUCTURE FOR AN OLED AND A METHOD FOR PRODUCING SUCH A STRUCTURE

SAINT-GOBAIN GLASS FRANCE...

1. A layered structure suitable as a support for an organic light emitting device, said layered structure comprising:a light-transmissive glass substrate,
a diffusive internal extraction layer with an outer layer made of a glass containing at least 30 weight % of Bi2O3, formed on one side of the light-transmissive glass substrate,
an acid-resistant barrier layer formed on the diffusive internal extraction layer, said acid-resistant barrier layer having a bilayer structure made of an
Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) deposited metal oxide layer, the metal oxide being selected from the group consisting of aluminum oxide (Al2O3), titanium oxide (TiO2), zirconium oxide (ZrO2) and hafnium oxide (HfO2), in direct contact with the diffusive internal extraction layer, and
a sputter-deposited SiOxNy layer in direct contact with the ALD-deposited metal oxide layer, and
a transparent electrode layer on the acid-resistant barrier layer, the transparent electrode layer being provided in direct contact with the sputter-deposited SiOxNy layer,
wherein the transparent electrode layer comprises a transparent conductive oxide layer and a metal layer in contact with the transparent conductive oxide layer.

US Pat. No. 10,367,140

METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING SECONDARY CELL

Kabushiki Kaisha Nihon Mi...

1. A method for manufacturing a secondary cell having a charging layer that captures electrons as forming an energy level in a band gap by causing photoexcited structural change on an n-type metal oxide semiconductor covered with an insulating material, the method comprising steps of:coating coating liquid to form a coating film that includes constituents to be the charging layer, the charging layer including the n-type metal oxide semiconductor and the insulating material;
drying to form a dried coating film by heating the coating liquid coated in the coating step;
irradiating to form a UV-irradiated coating film by irradiating the dried coating film with ultraviolet after the drying step in order to harden a surface of the coating film; and
burning to form a plurality of burned coating films by burning a plurality of the UV-irradiated coating films after forming the plurality of UV-irradiated coating films by repeating a set plural times, the set including the coating step, the drying step, and the irradiating step.

US Pat. No. 10,367,125

STRENGTHENED LED PACKAGE AND METHOD THEREFOR

Lumileds, LLC, San Jose,...

1. An apparatus comprising:an electronic component; and
a leadframe comprising at least one leadframe member connected to the electronic component, the at least one leadframe member having an upper surface, a lower surface opposite the upper surface, and at least one bulge indented into the lower surface and extending above a plane of the upper surface, the bulge having an upper section in which a thickness between the upper surface and lower surface of the leadframe member is smaller than a thickness between the upper surface and lower surface of the leadframe member outside of the bulge; and
a subassembly facing the lower surface of the at least one leadframe member and connected to the at least one leadframe member at a clinching position, the bulge positioned between and spaced apart from the electronic component and the clinching position.

US Pat. No. 10,367,095

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE, METHOD FOR MANUFACTURING THE SAME, OR DISPLAY DEVICE INCLUDING THE SAME

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a transistor including:
a first gate electrode;
a first insulating film over the first gate electrode;
an oxide semiconductor film over the first insulating film;
a source electrode electrically connected to the oxide semiconductor film;
a drain electrode electrically connected to the oxide semiconductor film;
a second insulating film over the oxide semiconductor film;
a second gate electrode over the second insulating film; and
a third insulating film over the second gate electrode,
wherein the oxide semiconductor film includes a first oxide semiconductor film over the first insulating film, and a second oxide semiconductor film over the first oxide semiconductor film,
wherein the second gate electrode includes a third oxide semiconductor film over the second insulating film, and a fourth oxide semiconductor film over the third oxide semiconductor film,
wherein the first oxide semiconductor film, the second oxide semiconductor film, the third oxide semiconductor film, and the fourth oxide semiconductor film include In, Ga, and Zn,
wherein the first oxide semiconductor film includes a region satisfying In>Ga,
wherein the second oxide semiconductor film includes a region satisfying In?Ga,
wherein the third oxide semiconductor film includes a region satisfying In wherein the fourth oxide semiconductor film includes a region satisfying In>Ga.

US Pat. No. 10,367,092

SILICON CARBIDE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE AND METHOD OF MANUFACTURING SILICON CARBIDE SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE

FUJI ELECTRIC CO., LTD., ...

14. A method of manufacturing a silicon carbide semiconductor device, the method comprising forming a first epitaxial layer of a first conductivity type on a front surface of a silicon carbide substrate;forming a second epitaxial layer of a second conductivity type on the first epitaxial layer;
selectively forming a first semiconductor region of the second conductivity type by ion implantation in the second epitaxial layer, the first semiconductor region having an impurity concentration higher than that of the second epitaxial layer;
selectively forming a second semiconductor region of the first conductivity type in the second epitaxial layer, at a position shallower than the first semiconductor region;
forming a trench to penetrate the second semiconductor region, the first semiconductor region, and the second epitaxial layer, and reach the first epitaxial layer;
forming a gate electrode in the trench, via a gate insulating film;
forming a first electrode contacting the second semiconductor region and the second epitaxial layer; and
forming a second electrode on a rear surface of the silicon carbide substrate, wherein
the first semiconductor region is formed to have a second-conductivity-type impurity concentration profile in which concentration differences in a depth direction form a bell-shaped curve at a peak of impurity concentration higher than that of the second epitaxial layer, and
wherein the second epitaxial layer is formed to have a first-conductivity-type impurity concentration profile and a second-conductivity-type impurity concentration profile such that a channel formed along a side wall of the trench during an ON state of the silicon carbide semiconductor device has a channel length of at least 0.3 ?m and at most 1 ?m.

US Pat. No. 10,367,083

COMPACT DEVICE STRUCTURES FOR A BIPOLAR JUNCTION TRANSISTOR

GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc., Gr...

1. A device structure formed using a substrate, the device structure comprising:one or more primary trench isolation regions surrounding an active device region of the substrate and a first collector contact region of the substrate, the one or more primary trench isolation regions having a top surface coplanar with a top surface of the substrate, each primary trench isolation region extending vertically to a first depth into the substrate, and the active device region comprising a collector;
a base layer on the active device region, the base layer having a top surface;
a base dielectric layer on the top surface of the base layer;
a first secondary trench isolation region arranged adjacent to the base layer and extending into the substrate to a second depth that is less than the first depth, the first secondary trench isolation region laterally located between the base layer and the first collector contact region, and the first secondary trench isolation region extending through the base layer and the base dielectric layer, and a top surface of the first secondary trench isolation region projects above the top surface of the base layer;
a semiconductor layer over the base dielectric layer, the semiconductor layer having a top surface that is coplanar with the top surface of the first secondary trench isolation region;
an extrinsic base layer on the top surface of the semiconductor layer and the top surface of the first secondary trench isolation region; and
an emitter in an emitter opening extending through the extrinsic base layer, the semiconductor layer, and the base dielectric layer to the base layer,
wherein no portion of the first secondary trench isolation region is arranged vertically beneath the base layer.

US Pat. No. 10,367,069

FABRICATION OF VERTICAL FIELD EFFECT TRANSISTOR STRUCTURE WITH CONTROLLED GATE LENGTH

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A vertical fin field effect transistor (finFET), comprising;a vertical fin on a substrate;
a bottom spacer on the substrate and a lower portion of the sidewalls of the vertical fin;
a high-K dielectric layer on the bottom spacer and a portion of the sidewalls of the vertical fin;
a work function layer on only the high-K dielectric layer;
a gauge layer on the work function layer, wherein a top surface of the gauge layer is coplanar with an edge surface of the work function layer and an edge surface of the high-K dielectric layer on a portion of the sidewalls of the vertical fin, and wherein the edge surface of the work function layer and the edge surface of the high-K dielectric layer is below the top surface of the vertical fin; and
an L-shaped oxide layer on the top surface of the gauge layer, the edge surface of the work function layer, the edge surface of the high-K dielectric layer, and an upper portion of the sidewalls of the vertical fin.

US Pat. No. 10,367,064

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE WITH RECESSED CHANNEL ARRAY TRANSISTOR (RCAT) INCLUDING A SUPERLATTICE

ATOMERA INCORPORATED, Lo...

1. A semiconductor device comprising:a substrate;
at least one memory array comprising a plurality of recessed channel array transistors (RCATs) on the substrate; and
periphery circuitry adjacent the at least one memory array and comprising a plurality of complementary metal oxide (CMOS) transistors on the substrate, each of the CMOS transistors comprising
spaced-apart source and drain regions in the substrate and defining a channel region therebetween,
a first superlattice extending between the source and drain regions in the channel region, the first superlattice comprising a plurality of stacked groups of layers, each group of layers comprising a plurality of stacked base semiconductor monolayers defining a base semiconductor portion, and at least one non-semiconductor monolayer constrained within a crystal lattice of adjacent base semiconductor portions, and
a gate over the first superlattice and between the source and drain regions.

US Pat. No. 10,367,045

ELECTROLUMINESCENCE DISPLAY DEVICE

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

1. An electroluminescence display device comprising:a thin film transistor on a surface of a substrate facing in a first direction;
a planarization layer on the surface of the substrate, the planarization layer covering the thin film transistor, the thin film transistor disposed between the planarization layer and the substrate, the planarization layer having a first area having a first thickness along the first direction and a second area having a second thickness along the first direction, the first thickness smaller than the second thickness;
a first electrode on the first area of the planarization layer, the first electrode electrically connected to the thin film transistor;
a bank layer on a portion of the second area of the planarization layer, the bank layer including a black pigment;
an emission structure including a transport layer and a light emitting layer on a surface of the first electrode facing in the first direction; and
a second electrode on a surface of the emission structure facing in the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,367,043

DISPLAY DEVICE AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

Semiconductor Energy Labo...

1. A display device comprising:a first flexible substrate;
a second flexible substrate overlapping the first flexible substrate with a display element positioned therebetween;
a terminal electrode provided over the first flexible substrate, the terminal electrode electrically connected to a first part of an external electrode; and
a first layer covering a bottom surface and side surfaces of the first flexible substrate, and a top surface and side surfaces of the second flexible substrate,
wherein an entire outer surface of the first layer is exposed, and
wherein the first layer has a smaller Young's modulus than the first flexible substrate and the second flexible substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,367,028

CMOS IMAGE SENSOR INCLUDING STACKED SEMICONDUCTOR CHIPS AND IMAGE PROCESSING CIRCUITRY INCLUDING A SUPERLATTICE

ATOMERA INCORPORATED, Lo...

1. A CMOS image sensor comprising:a first semiconductor chip comprising an array of image sensor pixels and readout circuitry electrically connected thereto; and
a second semiconductor chip coupled to the first semiconductor chip in stacked relation and comprising image processing circuitry electrically connected to the readout circuitry;
the image processing circuitry comprising a plurality of transistors each comprising
spaced apart source and drain regions,
a superlattice channel extending between the source and drain regions, the superlattice channel comprising a plurality of stacked groups of layers, each group of layers comprising a plurality of stacked base semiconductor monolayers defining a base semiconductor portion, and at least one non-semiconductor monolayer constrained within a crystal lattice of adjacent base semiconductor portions, and
a gate comprising a gate insulating layer on the superlattice channel and a gate electrode on the gate insulating layer.

US Pat. No. 10,367,026

SOLID-STATE IMAGING ELEMENT, IMAGING DEVICE, AND ELECTRONIC DEVICE

SONY CORPORATION, Tokyo ...

1. A solid-state imaging element, comprising:a pixel array comprising a plurality of pixels,
wherein each pixel of the plurality of pixels comprises:
a photoelectric conversion region configured to generate a charge by photoelectric conversion based on an amount of incident light;
a charge accumulation region configured to accumulate the charge generated by the photoelectric conversion region;
a charge voltage conversion region configured to convert the accumulated charge into a voltage; and
a pixel transistor configured to output a pixel signal based on the voltage converted by the charge voltage conversion region,
wherein, in a first direction, a first pitch of photoelectric conversion regions of the plurality of pixels is shifted from a second pitch of charge accumulation regions of the plurality of pixels by a substantially half pitch.

US Pat. No. 10,367,010

ARRAY SUBSTRATE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

WUHAN CHINA STAR OPTOELEC...

1. An array substrate, comprising a substrate, and a plurality of arrayed thin film transistors and conductor layers being disposed on the substrate, wherein the conductor layers comprise a plurality of gate signal lines for transmitting gate signals, each of the gate signal lines extends along a first direction and connects to the plurality of the thin film transistors disposed along the first direction, resistances of the gate signal lines are decreased along a transmitting direction of the gate signals.

US Pat. No. 10,367,009

ACTIVE-MATRIX SUBSTRATE

SHARP KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. An active-matrix substrate comprising:a substrate;
a plurality of first lines disposed on the substrate and extending in a first direction;
a plurality of second lines disposed on the substrate and extending in a second direction different from the first direction;
a transistor disposed correspondingly to each of intersection points of the first lines and the second lines, and connected to a corresponding one of the first lines and a corresponding one of the second lines;
an insulating layer;
an extended conductive film; and
a photoelectric conversion element disposed correspondingly to each of the intersection points of the first lines and the second lines and connected to the transistor;whereinat least one of the first lines and the second lines each have a layered structure with connection to the extended conductive film via a contact hole provided in the insulating layer,
the extended conductive film includes a first-line extended conductive film and a second-line extended conductive film,
the first lines are connected to the first-line extended conductive film,
the second lines are connected to the second-line extended conductive film,
the first-line extended conductive film includes a first-line first extended conductive film connected to the first lines, and a first-line second extended conductive film extending in parallel with the first-line first extended conductive film at a layer level different from the first-line first extended conductive film and connected to the first-line first extended conductive film via a contact hole,
when viewed in a direction perpendicular to the substrate, the first-line first extended conductive film and the first-line second extended conductive film extend in parallel to the first lines in the first direction and substantially overlap the first lines,
when viewed in the direction perpendicular to the substrate, the second-line extended conductive film extends in parallel to the second lines in the second direction and substantially overlap the second lines, and
none of the first-line first extended conductive film, the first-line second extended conductive film, the first lines, the second-line extended conductive film and the second lines overlaps the photoelectric conversion element.

US Pat. No. 10,367,008

ARRAY SUBSTRATE, DISPLAY PANEL AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. An array substrate, comprising a base substrate, and a plurality of gate lines, a plurality of data lines and a plurality of subpixels disposed on the base substrate, whereina first electrode and a second electrode insulated from each other are disposed in each of the subpixels; the first electrode includes a plurality of first electrode strips; the second electrode includes a plurality of second electrode strips; the plurality of first electrode strips are electrically connected with each other; the plurality of second electrode strips are electrically connected with each other;
in projections of the plurality of first electrode strips and the plurality of second electrode strips on the base substrate, a distance along a direction parallel to a first direction between a projection of one second electrode strip and a projection of a first electrode strip adjacent to the second electrode strip in the first direction is S1; a distance along the direction parallel to the first direction between the projection of the one second electrode strip and a projection of one first electrode strip adjacent to the one second electrode strip in a direction opposite to the first direction is S2;
the plurality of subpixels include a first domain and a second domain; the first domain and the second domain are disposed in the same subpixel or disposed in different subpixels; the first domain includes a part in which S1 is greater than S2; and the second domain includes a part in which S1 is less than S2 wherein 0.03?|S1?S2|/|S1?S2|?0.3.

US Pat. No. 10,366,996

STABLE AND RELIABLE FINFET SRAM WITH IMPROVED BETA RATIO

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A method for forming a semiconductor memory device, the method comprising:providing at least two mask layers over a pair of fin structures extended above a substrate, a first mask layer of the at least two mask layers being orthogonal to a second mask layer of the at least two mask layers, wherein the first mask layer of the at least two mask layers facilitates modulating stability of the semiconductor memory device, without affecting the second mask layer of the at least two mask layers; and
patterning the pair of fin structures,
wherein the first mask layer facilitates partially removing a pair of pull-down fin regions of the first fin structure of the pair of fin structures,
the second mask layer protects a second fin structure of the pair of fin structures to define a fin portion of a transistor, and
the first mask layer comprises a first lithographic mask layer and a cut mask layer, the first lithographic mask layer being orthogonal to the cut mask layer, wherein the cut mask layer facilitates removal of the pull-down fin regions.

US Pat. No. 10,366,974

ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE (ESD) PROTECTION DEVICE AND METHOD FOR OPERATING AN ESD PROTECTION DEVICE

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. An electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection device, the ESD protection device comprising:a bipolar transistor device connected between a first node and a second node, wherein a drain terminal of an NMOS device to be protected is connectable to the first node, and wherein a body of the NMOS device to be protected is connectable to the second node;
a series protection device connected in series with the bipolar transistor device; and
a diode device connected between the second node and a third node, wherein a source terminal of the NMOS device to be protected is connectable to the third node;
wherein the diode device and the bipolar transistor device are configured to form a parasitic silicon controlled rectifier.

US Pat. No. 10,366,940

AIR GAP AND AIR SPACER PINCH OFF

INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MA...

1. A method for forming a semiconductor device, the method comprising:conformally depositing a film comprising a first material over two adjacent contacts, the film partially filling a trench between the two adjacent contacts;
forming a dielectric layer comprising a second material over the film such that an air gap forms in the trench; and
annealing the film and the dielectric layer causing the contacting portions of the first material and the second material to react to self-form a barrier liner; wherein the barrier liner is a metal silicate.

US Pat. No. 10,366,930

SELF-ALIGNED GATE CUT ISOLATION

GLOBALFOUNDRIES Inc., Gr...

1. A method, comprising:forming a plurality of fins above a substrate;
forming a first placeholder gate electrode above the plurality of fins, wherein the first placeholder gate electrode comprises a placeholder material;
forming a first sacrificial gate cut structure of a sacrificial material different than the placeholder material embedded in the first placeholder gate electrode, wherein a portion of the placeholder material is positioned above the first sacrificial gate cut structure;
removing the portion of the first placeholder gate electrode to expose the first sacrificial gate cut structure;
removing the first sacrificial gate cut structure to define a gate cut cavity extending vertically through the first placeholder gate electrode;
forming a dielectric material in the gate cut cavity to define a gate cut structure;
removing the first placeholder gate electrode to define a first gate cavity segmented by the gate cut structure; and
forming a first replacement gate structure in the first gate cavity.

US Pat. No. 10,366,919

FULLY ALIGNED VIA IN GROUND RULE REGION

GLOBALFOUNDRIES INC., Gr...

1. A structure comprising:a plurality of minimum ground rule conductive structures formed in a dielectric material each of which comprises a recessed conductive material therein;
at least one conductive structure formed in the dielectric material which is wider than the plurality of minimum ground rule conductive structures;
an etch stop layer over a surface of the dielectric layer with openings to expose the conductive material of the least one conductive structure and the recessed conductive material of a selected minimum ground rule conductive structure; and
an upper conductive material fully aligned with and in direct electrical contact with the at least one conductive structure and the selected minimum ground rule conductive structure, through the openings of the etch stop layer,
wherein the etch stop layer is directly on the recessed conductive material of another selected minimum ground rule conductive structure and the opening exposes the recessed conductive material of the selected minimum ground rule conductive structure and partly exposes an upper surface of the conductive material of the least one conductive structure.

US Pat. No. 10,366,908

SUBSTRATE PROCESSING APPARATUS

SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd....

1. A substrate processing apparatus for processing a substrate, comprising:a chamber lid part having a lower opening and forming a lid internal space above said lower opening;
a chamber body forming a chamber-body internal space and forming a chamber with said chamber lid part;
a chamber lid part elevator for moving said chamber lid part in up-down direction;
a substrate holder for holding an outer edge of a substrate in a horizontal position in said chamber-body internal space;
a nozzle for supplying a processing liquid to an upper surface of said substrate;
a shield plate that is arranged in said lid internal space to oppose said upper surface of said substrate and is capable of blocking said lower opening;
a housing for housing said chamber lid part, said chamber body, said substrate holder and said shield plate;
a lid nozzle for supplying gas from above said shield plate to said lid internal space in a state in which said shield plate is spaced above said lower opening of said chamber lid part in said chamber so as to make pressure in said lid internal space higher than pressure in said chamber-body internal space and send said gas in said lid internal space from a gap between said shield plate and said chamber lid part to said chamber-body internal space through said lower opening;
a discharge port provided below said substrate in said chamber-body internal space and for discharging said gas flowing from said lid internal space to the outside of said chamber by suction; wherein
said chamber has a chamber space that is an internal enclosed space including said lid internal space and said chamber-body internal space, and
said chamber space is isolated from an internal space of said housing.

US Pat. No. 10,366,907

MANUFACTURING METHOD OF SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE

Disco Corporation, Tokyo...

1. A manufacturing method of a semiconductor package in which a plurality of chips different in thickness are connected onto a wiring base turned to an individual piece and are sealed by a sealant, the manufacturing method comprising:a holding step of holding, by a holding tape or a holding jig, a side of the wiring base of a package board in which the plurality of chips are disposed in a region marked out by intersecting planned dividing lines formed on the wiring base and are collectively sealed by the sealant;
a step forming step of forming a step in an upper surface of the sealant by a shaping abrasive stone in which a step to thin the sealant to a predetermined thickness corresponding to each chip to cause heat dissipation performance to become the same is formed; and
a dividing step of cutting to middle of the holding tape or into the holding jig by a dividing unit along the planned dividing lines to divide the package board into individual semiconductor packages.

US Pat. No. 10,366,903

TEXTILE PATTERNING FOR SUBTRACTIVELY-PATTERNED SELF-ALIGNED INTERCONNECTS, PLUGS, AND VIAS

Intel Corporation, Santa...

1. An interconnect structure comprising:an interlayer dielectric (ILD) material;
a first interconnect line formed adjacent to the ILD material;
one or more vias formed over a top surface of the first interconnect line, wherein a sidewall of the via is aligned with a sidewall of the first interconnect line, and wherein portions of the top surface of the first interconnect line that are not covered by a via are covered by a dielectric fill material;
one or more dielectric lines formed over a top surface of the ILD material, wherein the one or more dielectric lines extend in a direction orthogonal to a direction the first interconnect line extends; and
a second interconnect line coupled to the first interconnect line by one of the one or more vias, the second interconnect line extending in a direction orthogonal to the first interconnect line, and wherein the one or more dielectric lines have a thickness that is less than a thickness of the second interconnect line.

US Pat. No. 10,366,897

DEVICES WITH MULTIPLE THRESHOLD VOLTAGES FORMED ON A SINGLE WAFER USING STRAIN IN THE HIGH-K LAYER

International Business Ma...

1. A method for adjusting a threshold voltage, comprising:controlling an amount of strain in a silicon nitride liner deposited over a transistor to diffuse work function (WF) modulating species from the silicon nitride liner into a gate dielectric in a channel region of the transistor, the amount of strain in the liner being controlled by adjusting deposited liner thickness.

US Pat. No. 10,366,895

METHODS FOR FORMING A SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICE USING TILTED REACTIVE ION BEAM

Infineon Technologies AG,...

1. A method for forming a semiconductor device, the method comprising:forming a trench extending from a front side surface of a semiconductor substrate into the semiconductor substrate;
forming of a first insulating layer inside the trench;
irradiating the first insulating layer with a tilted reactive ion beam at a non-orthogonal angle with respect to the front side surface such that an undesired portion of the first insulating layer is removed due to the irradiation with the tilted reactive ion beam while an irradiation of another portion of the first insulating layer is masked by an edge of the trench; and
forming a second insulating layer inside the trench after the irradiation of the first insulating layer to form a combined insulating layer with vertically varying thickness.

US Pat. No. 10,366,879

DRY AND WET ETCH RESISTANCE FOR ATOMIC LAYER DEPOSITED TIO2 FOR SIT SPACER APPLICATION

International Business Ma...

1. A method for creating an etch resistant Titanium Oxide film for sidewall image transfer (SIT) spacer application, the method comprising:generating a mandrel formation;
depositing a Titanium Oxide spacer on the mandrel formation, wherein depositing the Titanium Oxide spacer further comprises at least one of exposing the Titanium Oxide spacer to at least 100 C and plasma conditions of RF power of least 500 W for at least 1 second; and
generating a Titanium Oxide film, wherein the Titanium Oxide film comprises: Titanium Oxide density of at least 5 g/cm3, a hardness of at least 10 GPa, and a Titanium percentage of at least 30%.

US Pat. No. 10,366,875

DAMPING RING

1. A UV radiator unit comprising:an elongated gas discharge lamp with a substantially cylindrical UV transparent lamp body having sealed ends for enclosing a gas volume, wherein the lamp body defines a longitudinal axis and has an outer diameter,
a UV transparent sleeve tube having an inner diameter that surrounds the lamp body and wherein the inner diameter is larger than the outer diameter of the lamp body, and at least one damping ring interposed between the lamp body and the sleeve tube, the damping ring comprising a first side element, a second side element that is separated by an axial distance in direction of the longitudinal axis from the first side element, a plurality of connecting portions that physically connect the first side element and the second side element, and openings between the connecting portions that allow for transmission of UV light in a radial direction from the lamp body to the sleeve tube.

US Pat. No. 10,366,853

COLLAPSIBLE LINKS FOR CIRCUIT BREAKERS, SYSTEMS, AND METHODS OF USE THEREOF

ABB SCHWEIZ AG, Baden (C...

1. A collapsible link device for a circuit breaker, the collapsible link device comprising:a side frame;
a carrier pivotably coupled to the side frame via a first pin;
a main contact arm pivotably coupled to the carrier via the first pin and comprising a first end comprising a first electrical contact;
a plurality of collapsible links pivotably coupled to the side frame and to the carrier, the plurality of collapsible links comprising an upper link, a cam link, and a lower link, the lower link pivotably coupled to the carrier via a second pin; and
a release mechanism comprising a trip latch link pivotably coupled to the lower link and to the carrier, wherein the plurality of collapsible links are movable between an uncollapsed position in which the first electrical contact contacts a second electrical contact and a collapsed position that results from the first electrical contact separating from the second electrical contact.

US Pat. No. 10,366,826

DUAL-MODE CHOKE COIL AND HIGH-FREQUENCY FILTER USING SAME, AND ON-BOARD MOTOR INTEGRATED ELECTRIC POWER STEERING AND ON-BOARD CHARGING DEVICE

Mitsubishi Electric Corpo...

1. A dual mode choke coil comprising:a lower core made of a magnetic substance, in which four columnar bodies whose respective axes are upright are placed on a quadrilateral square of a flat plate, said columnar bodies being such that a first columnar body and a second columnar body are arranged in parallel to a third columnar body and a fourth columnar body;
a first coil in which the winding direction of a first coil conductor wound around said first columnar body and the winding direction of a third coil conductor wound around said third columnar body are different to each other, and said first coil conductor and said third coil conductor are connected in series;
a second coil in which the winding direction of a second coil conductor wound around said second columnar body and the winding direction of a fourth coil conductor wound around said fourth columnar body are different to each other, and said second coil conductor and said fourth coil conductor are connected in series;
a first upper core made of a magnetic substance, which is brought in contact with upper portions of said first columnar body and said second columnar body; and
a second upper core made of a magnetic substance, which is brought in contact with upper portions of said third columnar body and said fourth columnar body, wherein said first upper core and said second upper core are arranged with a gap formed there between; and
the winding direction of said first coil conductor and the winding direction of said second coil conductor are different.

US Pat. No. 10,366,785

CONTROL METHOD, INFORMATION TERMINAL, RECORDING MEDIUM, AND DETERMINATION METHOD

PANASONIC INTELLECTUAL PR...

1. A method for controlling an information terminal including a display, the information terminal being connected to a case retrieval system that retrieves a medical image by referring to a medical image database, the method comprising:(a) receiving a first medical image including a plurality of pixels;
(b) calculating, if a lesion included in the first medical image is a texture lesion, a probability value indicating a probability that each of the plurality of pixels of the first medical image is included in a lesion area by inputting a pixel value of the pixel and pixel values of surrounding pixels of the pixel to an identification device for identifying a predetermined lesion area indicating the texture lesion, the texture lesion being a lesion including one of a plurality of particular shadow patterns;
(c) displaying, on the display, a second medical image obtained by superimposing a candidate area and a modification area of the candidate area upon the first medical image, the candidate area being determined on the basis of a pixel whose probability value is larger than a first threshold among the plurality of pixels, the modification area being determined on the basis of a pixel whose probability value is within a probability range among the plurality of pixels, the probability range including the first threshold;
(d) detecting an input from a user on the second medical image displayed on the display; and
(e) displaying a third medical image obtained by superimposing the lesion area upon the first medical image, the lesion area being determined by modifying the candidate area on the basis of the input from the user and the modification area.

US Pat. No. 10,366,780

PREDICTIVE PATIENT TO MEDICAL TREATMENT MATCHING SYSTEM AND METHOD

ELLIGO HEALTH RESEARCH, I...

1. A method for matching patients with a specific medical treatment comprising:receiving specified information about a specific medical treatment from a company looking for potential candidates for said specific medical treatment at a server, wherein said specified information about said specific medical treatment is determined by a software application residing on said server and provided by said company over a network by said company's system;
accessing said specified information about said specific medical treatment on said server by the administrator of said server, wherein said administrator approves said specified information about said specific medical treatment and thereinafter creates a medical treatment specific query record based on said specified information about said specific medical treatment that includes inclusion and exclusion criteria, a medical treatment specific patient screening survey record based on said specified information about said specific medical treatment, a medical treatment specific physician consultation questionnaire record based on said specified information about said specific medical treatment, a medical treatment specific patient information record based on said specified information about said specific medical treatment, and a medical treatment specific physician information record based on said specified information about said specific medical treatment;
browsing said medical treatment specific physician information records using a browser connected to the system of a referring physician's office to connect to said server through said network, wherein said system of a referring physician's office includes a patient database;
selecting at least one said specific medical treatment;
launching an applet from said server, wherein said applet runs in said browser, connects to said patient database, and accesses said medical treatment specific query record relating to said selected medical treatment;
using the medical treatment specific query record, querying said patient database, wherein said applet runs said medical treatment specific query and compares patient records in said patient database with said inclusion and exclusion criteria of said medical treatment specific query, returning said patient records from said patient database that match said inclusion and exclusion criteria of said medical treatment specific query through said network to said server and storing said patient records on said server;
comparing said patient record with said medical treatment specific patient screening survey record and said medical treatment specific physician consultation questionnaire record and completing fields in said medical treatment specific patient screening survey record and said medical treatment specific physician consultation questionnaire record that match information from said patient record;
contacting a patient associated with said patient records stored on said server by accessing said patient records through said network on said system of referring physician's office, wherein said referring physician's office contacts said patient to inquire whether said patient is interested in learning more about said medical treatment, wherein if said patient declines, said patient record is updated by said referring physician's office through said network using said system of referring physician's office, wherein if said patient accepts, said patient is transferred to an interactive voice response system connected to said server;
completing the medical treatment specific patient screening survey, wherein said interactive voice response system accesses said medical treatment specific patient screening survey record and asks said patient unmatched questions from said medical treatment specific patient screening survey, wherein said patient answers said unmatched questions and said answers are sent through said interactive voice response system to said server, wherein said medical treatment specific patient screening survey record and said medical treatment specific physician consultation questionnaire record are updated and stored on said server;
scoring answers in said medical treatment specific patient screening survey record using said software application and scheduling said patient that has a predetermined minimum score for a consultation with said referring physician's office;
completing the medical treatment specific physician consultation questionnaire record, wherein said patient visits said referring physician's office and personnel from said referring physician's office accesses said medical treatment specific physician consultation questionnaire record using a browser connected to said system of said referring physician's office to connect to said server through said network, wherein said personnel completes answers to said medical treatment physician consultation questionnaire and sends those answers to said server using a browser connected to the system of a referring physician's office to connect to said server through said network, wherein said medical treatment specific physician consultation questionnaire record is updated and stored on said server; and
sending said patient record to said company looking for potential candidates for said specific medical treatment using said software application.

US Pat. No. 10,366,779

SCHEME OF NEW MATERIALS

International Business Ma...

1. A method for predicting and designing chemical structures, comprising:receiving, at a user interface, intended structural feature values in vector form;
receiving, at the user interface, intended chemical property values in vector form;
compressing, by a hardware processor, the vector form of the intended structural feature values into a scalar form of the intended structural feature values;
constructing, by the hardware processor, a prediction model, wherein the prediction model predicts other structural feature values in scalar form from the scalar form of the intended structural feature values and the vector form of the intended chemical property values;
automatically configuring, by the hardware processor, at least one chemical structure candidate from the other structural feature values in vector form;
evaluating the at least one chemical structure candidate to determine structural feature values and chemical property values of the at least one chemical structure candidate; and
designing at least one chemical structure for constructing at least one chemical material, including performing, by the hardware processor, machine learning based on the determined structural feature values and the determined chemical property values of the at least one chemical structure candidate.

US Pat. No. 10,366,764

SENSE AMPLIFIER FOR DETECTING DATA READ FROM MEMORY CELL

LAPIS Semiconductor Co., ...

1. A sense amplifier for detecting data read from a memory cell, the sense amplifier comprising:a potential control unit configured to supply a current to a bit line connected to the memory cell within a data readout duration so as to control a potential of the bit line;
a current amplifier unit configured to amplify, when activated, a readout current flowing from the memory cell into the bit line so as to produce an amplified current;
a detection unit configured to detect data read from the memory cell on a basis of the amplified current; and
a control unit configured to control the activation of the current amplifier unit,
wherein the data readout duration includes each of a current amplification duration, during which the current amplifier unit performs amplification, and a first amplification interrupted duration, during which the current amplifier unit stops amplification, and
wherein the control unit interrupts a current path in the current amplifier unit so as to deactivate the current amplifier unit in the first amplification interrupted duration.

US Pat. No. 10,366,761

MEMORY SYSTEM AND OPERATING METHOD THEREOF

SK hynix Inc., Gyeonggi-...

1. A memory system comprising:a memory device including a plurality of memory blocks; and
a controller suitable for managing the memory blocks as a plurality of super memory blocks by grouping the memory blocks according to a predetermined condition, managing a bad block pool including bitmaps and indexes by setting super memory blocks having one or more bad memory blocks as bad super memory blocks, and managing reused super memory blocks by checking, through the bad block pool, normal memory blocks included in the respective bad super memory blocks and then performing grouping according to the predetermined condition,
wherein each of the bitmaps included the bad block pool corresponds to each of the bad super memory blocks, and each bit in said each of the bitmaps corresponds to the normal block or the bad block of the bad super memory block.

US Pat. No. 10,366,758

STORAGE DEVICE AND STORAGE METHOD

RENESAS ELECTRONICS CORPO...

1. A storage device, comprising:a write circuit;
a data memory circuit configured to include a pair of first flash memory cells to be read by a complementary read mode, where complementary 1-bit data is stored in the pair of first flash memory cells by the write circuit; and
a status memory circuit configured to include a plurality of second flash memory cells to be read by a reference read mode, where a status flag is stored in the flash memory cell by the write circuit,
wherein the write circuit is configured to write the complementary 1-bit data to each of the pair of first flash memory cells, and to write the status flag of a same value to each respective second flash memory cell, the status flag indicating a data write status of the first flash memory cells, and
wherein the storage device further comprises a determination circuit configured to determine a value of the status flag by comparing a sum current of currents flowing through the plurality of second flash memory cells with a reference current.

US Pat. No. 10,366,736

MTP-THYRISTOR MEMORY CELL CIRCUITS AND METHODS OF OPERATION

Synopsys, Inc., Mountain...

1. A method of verifying a logic state of a selected data memory cell in an array of interconnected memory cells after programming or erasing the selected data memory cell, comprising:increasing a word line voltage applied to the selected data memory cell and a reference memory cell associated with the selected data memory cell;
latching an output of a first sense amplifier at a delayed time after a logic state of an output of a second sense amplifier is switched responsive to increasing the word line voltage, an amount of time between the switching of the logic state of the output of the second sense amplifier and the delayed time representing separation between a threshold voltage of the reference memory cell and a threshold voltage of the selected data memory cell, wherein:
when verifying programming of the selected data memory cell, the output of the first sense amplifier is an amplified version of an output of the selected data memory cell, and the output of the second sense amplifier is an amplified version of an output of the reference memory cell, and
when verifying erasing of the selected memory cell, the output of the first sense amplifier is an amplified version of the output of the reference memory cell, and the output of the second sense amplifier is an amplified version of the output of the selected data memory cell; and
determining whether the selected data memory cell has been programmed, or has been erased based on a value of the latched output of the first sense amplifier.

US Pat. No. 10,366,730

SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND SEMICONDUCTOR SYSTEMS INCLUDING THE SAME

SK hynix Inc., Icheon-si...

1. A semiconductor system comprising:a semiconductor device configured to generate first group of data and second group of data in response to a command and an address, and
wherein, the semiconductor device configured to sequentially latch the first group of data loaded on a first group of I/O lines and the second group of data loaded on a second group of I/O lines to generate output data in response to a burst length information signal or to simultaneously latch the first and second groups of data loaded on the first and second groups of I/O lines to generate the output data in response to the burst length information signal.

US Pat. No. 10,366,729

SENSE CIRCUIT WITH TWO-STEP CLOCK SIGNAL FOR CONSECUTIVE SENSING

SanDisk Technologies LLC,...

1. An apparatus, comprising:a sense node;
a first transistor between the sense node and a bit line;
a capacitor connected to the sense node;
a second transistor connected to the sense node; and
a control circuit, the control circuit to perform a sense operation for a memory cell connected to the bit line, is configured to:
increase a voltage of the capacitor which steps up a voltage of the sense node to a peak level by way of capacitive coupling,
provide the first transistor in a conductive state to connect the sense node with the bit line in a discharge period,
provide a first decrease of the voltage of the capacitor which provides a first decrease of the voltage of the sense node,
perform a first strobe of an output of the second transistor after the first decrease of the voltage of the capacitor,
provide a second decrease of the voltage of the capacitor which provides a second decrease of the voltage of the sense node, and
perform a second strobe of the output of the second transistor after the second decrease of the voltage of the sense node.

US Pat. No. 10,366,728

METHODS AND APPARATUSES FOR PROVIDING A PROGRAM VOLTAGE RESPONSIVE TO A VOLTAGE DETERMINATION

Micron Technology, Inc., ...

1. A method, comprising:providing a common inhibit voltage to a plurality of access lines;
determining whether an access line of the plurality of access lines has reached a voltage equal to or greater than a threshold voltage, wherein the threshold voltage is different from the common inhibit voltage;
responsive to a determination that the access line of the plurality of access lines has reached the voltage equal to or greater than the threshold voltage, providing a program voltage to a target access line of the plurality of access lines, wherein the program voltage is higher than the common inhibit voltage, and the threshold voltage is not a voltage held for a length of time on the access line of the plurality of access lines before the providing of the program voltage; and
holding the program voltage on the target access line.

US Pat. No. 10,366,727

SEMICONDUCTOR CHIP MODULE AND SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGE INCLUDING THE SAME

SK hynix Inc., Icheon-si...

1. A semiconductor chip module comprising:a chip unit including first and second semiconductor chips which are formed over a single body to be adjacent in a first direction with a scribe line region interposed therebetween, and having a first surface over which bonding pads of the first and second semiconductor chips are positioned and a second surface which faces away from the first surface, wherein the bonding pads are arranged along a second direction;
a plurality of oblique redistribution lines formed over the first surface, having one set of ends which are respectively electrically coupled to the bonding pads of the first and second semiconductor chips, and extending toward the scribe line region; and
a plurality of redistribution pads disposed over the first surface, and electrically coupled with another set of ends of the oblique redistribution lines which face away from the one set of ends, the redistribution pads comprising:
one or more shared redistribution pads electrically coupled in common to one or more of the oblique redistribution lines electrically coupled to the bonding pads of the first semiconductor chip and one or more of the oblique redistribution lines electrically coupled to the bonding pads of the second semiconductor chip; and
a plurality of individual redistribution pads individually electrically coupled to the oblique redistribution lines which are not electrically coupled with the shared redistribution pads,
wherein the first direction is perpendicular to the second direction,
wherein the first and second semiconductor chips are electrically connected with each other through the shared redistribution pads and the oblique redistribution lines electrically coupled to the shared redistribution pads, and
wherein the oblique redistribution lines are inclined with respect to the first direction.

US Pat. No. 10,366,726

INTERLACED MAGNETIC RECORDING IN WITH MULTIPLE INDEPENDENT-ACTUATORS HAVING RESPECTIVE INDEPENDENT HEADS

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A method, comprising:writing a first set of bottom tracks via a first head that is moved via a first actuator over a surface of a disk; and
writing a second set of top tracks interlaced between and partially overlapping the bottom tracks via a second head that is moved via a second actuator over the surface of the disk independently of the first actuator and first head, the first and second actuators rotating about separate axes such that the first and second heads are rotationally offset from each other on the disk surface, the rotational offset allowing the first and second head to write both the bottom tracks and the top tracks simultaneously.

US Pat. No. 10,366,724

STORAGE CONTROL DEVICE, STORAGE SYSTEM AND METHOD OF CONTROLLING A STORAGE DEVICE

FUJITSU LIMITED, Kawasak...

1. A storage control device comprising:a memory; and
a processor coupled to the memory and configured to:
dividing a plurality of storage regions of a storage device into a plurality of groups such that each group includes one or more sectors, each sector being an access unit of the storage device and including one or more storage regions of the plurality of storage regions,
upon detection of an error in reading data from a first storage region of the storage device, determine the first storage region to be an error region at which the error has occurred, and set a first sector including the error region as a defective sector by setting a defective flag in the first sector without storing address information of the first sector into the memory,
store, into the memory, error-flag information associated with each of the plurality of groups and indicating whether the error region is included in each of the plurality of groups,
upon reception of a request to reference information on an error that has occurred in the storage device, identify a first group including the error region, from among the plurality of groups based on the error-flag information that is stored in the memory in association with each of the plurality of groups,
read, from the storage device, the one or more sectors included in the identified first group, and
identify the defective sector and the error region included in the defective sector by detecting the defective flag set in the defective sector of the read one or more sectors.

US Pat. No. 10,366,723

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DISTRIBUTING SHUTTLE CARS IN A DATA STORAGE LIBRARY SHUTTLE COMPLEX

International Business Ma...

1. A system for transporting components between data storage libraries, the system comprising:a plurality of data storage libraries;
a plurality of shuttle connections coupled to the plurality of data storage libraries;
a plurality of shuttle cars, wherein at least one of the plurality of shuttle cars is movably housed within each of the plurality of shuttle connections, each of the shuttle cars being configured for movement between each of the plurality of data storage libraries via a corresponding shuttle connection; and
at least one system controller, wherein the at least one system controller is configured to receive host commands and control movement of the shuttle cars between the plurality of data storage libraries, and further wherein the at least one system controller is configured to control movement of each of the shuttle cars such that at least one shuttle car is associated with each of the plurality of data storage libraries during operation of the system,
wherein the system controller is configured to move a first shuttle car from a position associated with a first data storage library to a position associated with a second data storage library after the second data storage library has been vacated by a second shuttle car.

US Pat. No. 10,366,719

BOOSTED PREHEAT TRAJECTORY TO OBTAIN DESIRED CLEARANCE BEFORE WRITING TO DISK

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A method, comprising:engaging a resistive clearance heater embedded near an air bearing surface of a read/write head with a boosted current that exceeds a steady-state current, the steady-state current applied to the resistive clearance heater causing the write head to maintain a desired clearance over a disk during reading and writing, the boosted current applied before and after a start of the reading and the writing;
decreasing the boosted current according to a profile that has two or more steps that approximate a monotonically decreasing curve; and
applying the steady-state current to the resistive clearance heater after the start of the reading and the writing.

US Pat. No. 10,366,717

MAGNETIC DISK DEVICE AND METHOD OF WRITING RRO CORRECTION DATA

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A magnetic disk device comprising:a disk which includes a plurality of servo sectors radially extending in a radial direction and being discretely disposed with a gap in a circumferential direction;
a head which writes data to the disk and reads data from the disk; and
a controller which writes a plurality of pieces of correction data with respect to a repeatable run-out of the disk to a plurality of first sectors disposed between the servo sectors in a first region, and writes the pieces of correction data to a plurality of second sectors disposed between the servo sectors in a second region different from the first region.

US Pat. No. 10,366,716

CHARACTERIZATION OF NONLINEARITY IN SERVO PATTERNS

International Business Ma...

1. A method, comprising:applying a static head skew to a magnetic tape head for misaligning first and second readers in a direction perpendicular to a tape travel direction thereacross;
positioning the first reader at a first y-position relative to a servo pattern in a servo band;
measuring y-positions of the second reader relative to the servo pattern in the servo band while the first reader is at the first y-position;
averaging the measured y-positions;
repeating the following process several times:
moving the first reader to a next y-position,
measuring y-positions of the second reader while the first reader is at the next y-position,
averaging the y-positions measured by the second reader while the first reader is at the next y-position;
calculating a unique nonlinearity value of the servo pattern in the servo band for each of the average y-position values using the respective average y-position value; and
storing and/or outputting the calculated nonlinearity values.

US Pat. No. 10,366,715

SLIDER WITH HEAT SINK BETWEEN READ TRANSDUCER AND SUBSTRATE

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A slider, comprising:a substrate;
a read transducer comprising first and second shields surrounding a read sensor, the first shield facing the substrate, a first end of the reader stack at a media-facing surface of the slider and a second end of the reader stack facing away from the first end;
a heater located farther away from the media-facing surface than the second end of the read transducer, the heater configured to control a thermal protrusion of the read transducer from the media-facing surface;
a heat sink between and in contact with both the first shield and the substrate, the heat sink configured to conduct heat from the first shield to the substrate while minimizing heat transfer between the heater and the substrate.

US Pat. No. 10,366,714

MAGNETIC WRITE HEAD FOR PROVIDING SPIN-TORQUE-ASSISTED WRITE FIELD ENHANCEMENT

Western Digital Technolog...

1. A magnetic write head for providing spin-torque-assisted write field enhancement,the magnetic write head comprising, within a write gap:
a main pole;
a trailing shield;
a spacer disposed between the main pole and the trailing shield, wherein the spacer is non-magnetic;
a non-magnetic layer disposed between the main pole and the trailing shield; and
a DC-field-generation (DFG) layer adjacent to the spacer and disposed between the spacer and the non-magnetic layer, wherein the DFG layer is magnetic,
wherein the DFG layer is the only magnetic layer within the write gap that is not adjacent to the main pole or the trailing shield.

US Pat. No. 10,366,712

MAGNETIC HEAD FOR PERPENDICULAR MAGNETIC RECORDING INCLUDING TWO SIDE SHIELDS CONFIGURED TO ENABLE A REDUCTION IN WIDTH OF AN END FACE OF THE MAIN POLE LOCATED IN A MEDIUM FACING SURFACE AND AN INCREASE IN CROSS-SECTIONAL AREA OF THE MAIN POLE IN THE VICI

HEADWAY TECHNOLOGIES, INC...

1. A magnetic head for perpendicular magnetic recording, comprising:a medium facing surface configured to face a recording medium;
a coil configured to produce a magnetic field corresponding to data to be written on the recording medium;
a main pole configured to pass a magnetic flux corresponding to the magnetic field produced by the coil, and to produce a write magnetic field for writing the data on the recording medium by means of a perpendicular magnetic recording system;
a write shield formed of a magnetic material;
a gap section formed of a nonmagnetic material and provided between the main pole and the write shield; and
a substrate having a top surface, wherein
the coil, the main pole, the write shield and the gap section are disposed above the top surface of the substrate,
the write shield includes a first side shield and a second side shield located on opposite sides of the main pole in a track width direction,
the first side shield has a first end face located in the medium facing surface, and has a first sidewall and a second sidewall facing the main pole,
the second side shield has a second end face located in the medium facing surface, and has a third sidewall and a fourth sidewall facing the main pole,
the first sidewall is connected to the first end face,
the second sidewall is located farther from the medium facing surface than is the first sidewall,
the third sidewall is connected to the second end face,
the fourth sidewall is located farther from the medium facing surface than is the third sidewall,
the first sidewall has a first edge farthest from the top surface of the substrate,
the second sidewall has a second edge farthest from the top surface of the substrate,
the third sidewall has a third edge farthest from the top surface of the substrate,
the fourth sidewall has a fourth edge farthest from the top surface of the substrate,
each of the first and third edges has a front end located in the medium facing surface and a rear end opposite to the front end,
each of the second and fourth edges has a front end closest to the medium facing surface,
a distance between the rear end of the first edge and the rear end of the third edge in the track width direction is greater than a distance between the front end of the first edge and the front end of the third edge in the track width direction,
a distance between the second edge and the fourth edge in the track width direction increases with increasing distance from the medium facing surface,
the first edge and the second edge are contiguous to each other to form a first contour line, the rear end of the first edge and the front end of the second edge coinciding with each other,
the third edge and the fourth edge are contiguous to each other to form a second contour line, the rear end of the third edge and the front end of the fourth edge coinciding with each other,
the front end of the second edge is an inflection point or a corner at which there occurs a change in an angle of inclination of the first contour line relative to a first direction at a first point on the first contour line when the first point is shifted from the first edge to the second edge, the first direction being perpendicular to the medium facing surface, the change being a decrease,
the front end of the fourth edge is an inflection point or a corner at which there occurs a change in an angle of inclination of the second contour line relative to the first direction at a second point on the second contour line when the second point is shifted from the third edge to the fourth edge, the change being a decrease,
the main pole has an end face located in the medium facing surface, and has a first side surface and a second side surface,
part of the first side surface is opposed to the first sidewall,
part of the second side surface is opposed to the third sidewall,
the gap section includes a first portion interposed between the first side surface and the first and second sidewalls, and a second portion interposed between the second side surface and the third and fourth sidewalls,
a distance from the medium facing surface to the front end of the second edge, and a distance from the medium facing surface to the front end of the fourth edge are each within a range of 20 to 90 nm, and
a distance between the front end and the rear end of the first edge in the track width direction, and a distance between the front end and the rear end of the third edge in the track width direction are each within a range of 40 to 290 nm.

US Pat. No. 10,366,711

APPLYING A PRE-ERASE OR PRE-CONDITION FIELD TO A HARD DISK BEFORE WRITING DATA TO THE HARD DISK

Seagate Technology LLC, ...

1. A method, comprising:detecting an event during field operation of a hard drive that causes at least part of a track of the hard drive to be selected for pre-erase or preconditioning;
in response to the event, pre-writing a pattern using a pre-erase or pre-conditioning magnetic field applied within at least part of the selected track via a first write transducer prior to the selected track being written; and
subsequent to the pre-writing, writing target user data over the pattern pre-written to the part of the selected track.

US Pat. No. 10,366,710

ACOUSTIC MEANINGFUL SIGNAL DETECTION IN WIND NOISE

NXP B.V., Eindhoven (NL)...

1. A method of distinguishing, within a received acoustic signal, a meaningful acoustic signal from low frequency acoustic noise, comprising:a first step of dividing the acoustic signal into frames,
a second step of calculating a power spectral density of the acoustic signal for each frame and finding an envelope curve of the power spectral densities,
a third step of finding a predefined number of dominant peaks in the envelope curve,
a fourth step of applying a linear regression algorithm to the dominant peaks to obtain a linear regression line for each frame of the acoustic signal and extracting a slope value of each linear regression line,
a fifth step of defining those intervals within the acoustic signal that include the meaningful signal as intervals which correspond to higher values of the slope value.

US Pat. No. 10,366,709

SOUND DISCRIMINATING DEVICE, SOUND DISCRIMINATING METHOD, AND COMPUTER PROGRAM

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A sound discriminating device comprising:a sound input unit configured to input a sound to the sound discriminating device;
a feature amount extracting unit configured to extract, as a feature amount of the input sound, a differential value between an amplitude of a fundamental frequency of the input sound and an amplitude of a second harmonic of the fundamental frequency; and
a determining unit configured to determine whether or not the input sound is a given sound by using the extracted feature amount,
wherein the given sound includes a scream or a verbal aggression such as a female scream, a female voice verbally abusing someone, a male scream, and a male voice verbally abusing someone,
wherein the differential value tends to be a large positive value in a case of the input sound being a female scream, and a large negative value in a case of the input sound being a male scream, a male voice verbally abusing someone, and a female voice verbally abusing someone.

US Pat. No. 10,366,707

PERFORMING COGNITIVE OPERATIONS BASED ON AN AGGREGATE USER MODEL OF PERSONALITY TRAITS OF USERS

International Business Ma...

1. A method, in a natural language processing (NLP) system comprising a processor and a memory, the method comprising:receiving, by the NLP system, a plurality of communications associated with a communication system, over a predetermined time period, from a plurality of end user devices;
identifying, by the NLP system, for each communication in the plurality of communications, a user submitting the communication to thereby generate a set of users comprising a plurality of users associated with the plurality of communications;
retrieving, by the NLP system, a user model for each user in the set of users, wherein the user model specifies at least one personality trait of a corresponding user;
generating, by the NLP system, an aggregate user model that aggregates the at least one personality trait of each user in the set of users together to generate an aggregate representation of the personality traits of the plurality of users in the set of users; and
performing, by the NLP system, a cognitive operation based on the aggregate use model.

US Pat. No. 10,366,706

SIGNAL PROCESSING APPARATUS, SIGNAL PROCESSING METHOD AND LABELING APPARATUS

Kabushiki Kaisha Toshiba,...

1. A signal processing apparatus comprising:a memory; and
a hardware processor electrically coupled to the memory and configured to:
separate a plurality of signals using a separation filter to obtain a plurality of separate signals, and output the plurality of separate signals, the plurality of signals including signals which come from different directions,
estimate incoming directions of the plurality of separate signals, respectively, and associate the plurality of separate signals with the incoming directions, and
associate either one of a first attribute or a second attribute with the separate signals from the plurality of separate signals which are associated with the incoming directions based at least in part on results of the estimation of the incoming directions in a first period, respectively, the first period being set by at least one of button operations.

US Pat. No. 10,366,702

DIRECTION DETECTION DEVICE FOR ACQUIRING AND PROCESSING AUDIBLE INPUT

LOGITECH EUROPE, S.A., L...

1. A method of determining a direction from which an audible signal is received, comprising:defining an audible signal detection region by dividing a first angular distance created between a first microphone and a second microphone that are disposed on an electronic device into at least two regions, wherein one of the at least two regions comprise a second angular distance that is formed between a first direction and a second direction that each extend from a vertex point;
determining, by use of an electronic device, a first relative time delay created by the delivery of a first portion of an audible signal to the first microphone and the second microphone from an external audible source, wherein the first relative time delay is calculated by determining a difference between a time when the second microphone received the first portion of the audible signal and a time when the first microphone received the first portion of the audible signal;
comparing, by use of the electronic device, the first relative time delay with a plurality of stored time delays, wherein the plurality of stored time delays comprise:
a first stored time delay that is associated with the external audible source being positioned a distance from the first and second microphones along the first direction; and
a second stored time delay that is associated with the external audible source being positioned a distance from the first and second microphones along the second direction; and
determining, by use of the electronic device, that the external audible source is positioned in a third direction by determining that the first portion of the audible signal was received from a direction that is closer to the third direction that is positioned between the first and second directions versus a fourth direction that is positioned outside of the second angular distance formed between the first and second directions based on the comparison of the first relative time delay with the first and second stored time delays.

US Pat. No. 10,366,700

DEVICE FOR ACQUIRING AND PROCESSING AUDIBLE INPUT

LOGITECH EUROPE, S.A., L...

1. An electronic device, comprising:a non-linear array of microphones that comprises at least three microphones;
a direction detection element that is configured to determine a direction of a first audible signal received by the microphones in the non-linear array of microphones from an external audible source by use of a controlling software program that is executed by a processor within the electronic device;
a first signal processor that is configured to remove a first portion of an audible signal generated from a second audible source from a composite audible signal by use of the controlling software program, wherein the first signal processor comprises:
a microphone selection element that is configured to select a first microphone and a second microphone within the non-linear array of microphones based on the determined direction received from the direction detection element;
a signal delay element configured to receive the composite audible signal from the second microphone and produce a delayed audible signal after a predetermined delay time has elapsed;
a signal inverting element that is configured to receive the delayed audible signal and produce an inverted audible signal that is based on the delayed audible signal; and
a first signal combining element that is configured to combine the inverted audible signal and the composite audible signal received by the first microphone, and produce a first combined audible signal;
a second signal processor that is configured to remove a second portion of the audible signal generated from the second audible source from the composite audible signal by use of the controlling software program, wherein the second signal processor comprises:
a signal delay element that is configured to receive the composite audible signal from at least two of the microphones within the non-linear array of microphones and produce a second delayed audible signal for each of the at least two of the microphones based on the determined direction received from the direction detection element; and
a second signal combining element that is configured to combine each of the second delayed audible signals produced by the signal delaying element and produce a second combined audible signal; and
a third signal combining element that is configured to combine the first combined audible signal and the second combined audible signal to produce a third combined audible signal.

US Pat. No. 10,366,699

MULTI-PATH CALCULATIONS FOR DEVICE ENERGY LEVELS

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. An electronic device that determines energy values for input audio in a dual stage wakeword detection architecture, the electronic device comprising:a microphone operable to generate audio data representing user speech;
a first circuit comprising:
a first voice-activity detector operable to:
receive a first portion of the audio data; and
analyze the first portion of the audio data to determine that the first portion of the audio data represents a first portion the user speech;
a first frame-energy component operable to:
receive the first portion of the audio data; and
determine a first frame energy value associated with the first portion of the audio data;
a first energy-level component operable to:
determine a first speech-energy value and a first ambient-energy value based at least in part the first portion of the audio data representing the first portion of the user speech and the first frame energy value; and
send, to a second circuit, and based at least in part on the electronic device switching from operating in the standby mode to operating in the active mode, the first speech-energy value and the first ambient-energy value; and
the second circuit comprising:
a second voice-activity detector operable to:
receive a second portion of the audio data; and
determine that the second portion of the audio data represents a second portion of the user speech;
a second frame-energy component operable to:
receive the second portion of the audio data; and
determine a second frame energy value associated with the second portion of the audio data; and
a second energy-level component operable to:
determine a second speech-energy value by increasing the first speech-energy value based at least in part on the second portion of the audio data representing the second portion of the user speech;
determine a second ambient-energy value by decreasing the first ambient-energy value based at least in part on the second frame energy value,
wherein the second circuit utilizes more power to operate than power used to operate the first circuit.

US Pat. No. 10,366,698

VARIABLE LENGTH CODING OF INDICES AND BIT SCHEDULING IN A PYRAMID VECTOR QUANTIZER

DTS, Inc., Calabasas, CA...

19. A transform-based audio signal decoder comprising:a bitstream-unpacking circuit configured to determine a plurality of encoded values from an encoded bitstream, wherein the bitstream is a digital representation of the frequency domain transform of the input audio signal an encoded value of the plurality of encoded values including a first portion and a second portion, the first portion including an index to an element of an unsigned pyramid that is defined by a vector size and a quantization parameter, and the second portion including a corresponding sign value for each nonzero component of the element of the unsigned pyramid;
an inverse-quantizer circuit that is configured to determine a coefficient block corresponding to the vector size for a resolution corresponding to the quantization parameter from the encoded value of the plurality of encoded values, the coefficient block being determined from the encoded value of the plurality of encoded values by using the first and second portions of the encoded value to identify an element of a signed pyramid that corresponds to the unsigned pyramid for the vector size and quantization parameter, the identified element of the signed pyramid including sign values that are identified from the second portion of the encoded values;
an inverse coefficient-processing circuit configured to determine a plurality of frequency-transform coefficients from a plurality of coefficient blocks determined by the inverse-quantizer circuit for the plurality of encoded values; and
an audio circuit configured to generate an audio signal from the plurality of frequency-transform coefficients.

US Pat. No. 10,366,697

METHOD AND DEVICE FOR ENCODING A HIGH FREQUENCY SIGNAL, AND METHOD AND DEVICE FOR DECODING A HIGH FREQUENCY SIGNAL

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., ...

1. A method for encoding a high frequency signal, comprising:determining a signal type of the high frequency signal of a current frame;
when the high frequency signal of the current frame is non-transient and the high frequency signal of a previous frame is transient, smoothing or scaling a time envelope of the high frequency signal of the current frame to obtain a processed time envelope of the high frequency signal of the current frame; and
quantizing and encoding the processed time envelope, frequency information, and signal type information of the high frequency signal of the current frame,
wherein in quantizing and encoding the signal type information, the high frequency band portion of the current frame is indicated as transient type.

US Pat. No. 10,366,696

SPEECH DECODER WITH HIGH-BAND GENERATION AND TEMPORAL ENVELOPE SHAPING

NTT DOCOMO, INC., Tokyo ...

1. A speech decoding device for decoding an encoded speech signal, the speech decoding device comprising:a processor configured to:
separate a bit stream that includes the encoded speech signal into an encoded bit stream and temporal envelope supplementary information, the bit stream received from outside the speech decoding device and the temporal envelope supplementary information comprising an indicator associated with a predetermined parameter;
decode the encoded bit stream to obtain a low frequency component;
transform the low frequency component into a spectral region;
generate a high frequency component by copying, from a low frequency band to a high frequency band, the low frequency component transformed into the spectral region;
adjust the high frequency component generated by the high frequency generating unit to generate an adjusted high frequency component;
analyze the low frequency component transformed into the spectral region to obtain temporal envelope information;
obtain the temporal envelope information by obtaining power of each quadrature mirror filter (QMF) subband sample of the low frequency component transformed into the spectral region;
convert the indicator included in the temporal envelope supplementary information into the predetermined parameter, wherein the predetermined parameter is for adjustment of the temporal envelope information;
adjust the temporal envelope information by adjusting the each QMF subband sample using the predetermined parameter to generate adjusted temporal envelope information; and
shape a temporal envelope of the adjusted high frequency component using the adjusted temporal envelope information.

US Pat. No. 10,366,695

INTER-CHANNEL PHASE DIFFERENCE PARAMETER MODIFICATION

Qualcomm Incorporated, S...

1. A device comprising:a receiver configured to receive an encoded bitstream that includes an encoded mid channel and stereo parameters, the stereo parameters including inter-channel phase difference (IPD) parameter values and a mismatch value indicative of an amount of temporal misalignment between an encoder-side reference channel and an encoder-side target channel;
a mid channel decoder configured to decode the encoded mid channel to generate a decoded mid channel;
a transform unit configured to perform a transform operation on the decoded mid channel to generate a decoded frequency-domain mid channel;
a stereo parameter adjustment unit configured to modify at least a portion of the IPD parameter values based on the mismatch value to generate modified IPD parameter values;
an up-mixer configured to perform an up-mix operation on the decoded frequency-domain mid channel to generate a frequency-domain left channel and a frequency-domain right channel, the modified IPD parameter values applied to the decoded frequency-domain mid channel during the up-mix operation;
a first inverse transform unit configured to perform a first inverse transform operation on the frequency-domain left channel to generate a time-domain left channel; and
a second inverse transform unit configured to perform a second inverse transform operation on the frequency-domain right channel to generate a time-domain right channel.

US Pat. No. 10,366,692

ACCESSORY FOR A VOICE-CONTROLLED DEVICE

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

13. A device comprising:one or more microphones;
one or more speakers;
one or more processors; and
one or more computer-readable media storing computer-executable instructions that, when executed, cause the one or more processors to perform acts comprising:
generating first audio data based at least in part on speech of a user in an environment, the speech captured by the one or more microphones;
sending the first audio data to one or more remote computing devices;
receiving, from the one or more remote computing devices, second audio data for output by the one or more speakers, the second audio data including:
first audio representing audio that is below 20 kHz, and
second audio representing audio that is above 20 kHz, the second audio comprising one or more instructions for instructing an accessory device in the environment to acquire supplemental content; and
outputting the second audio data by the one or more speakers, the second audio data including the first audio for the user to hear and the second audio for instructing the accessory device.

US Pat. No. 10,366,690

SPEECH RECOGNITION ENTITY RESOLUTION

Amazon Technologies, Inc....

1. A computing system, comprising:at least one processor; and
at least one memory including instructions that, when executed by the at least one processor, cause the computing system to:
receive text data corresponding to a command executable by the computing system;
determine, based at least in part on the text data, an intent corresponding to the command;
determine first text string data of the text data, the first text string data corresponding to an entity;
determine a lexicon associated with the intent;
determine, in the lexicon, second text string data corresponding to the entity, wherein the second text string data is different from the first text string data and the second text string data corresponds to a recognized format for referring to the entity with respect to the intent; and
cause an action to be executed for the intent using the second text string data.

US Pat. No. 10,366,689

COMMUNICATION ROBOT

KYOCERA Corporation, Kyo...

1. A communication robot comprising:a housing;
a speaker;
a storage; and
a controller, wherein
the storage is configured to store first information including information for a native language of a user and information regarding a country of residence, and second information indicating a plurality of intensity levels of the user's response corresponding to a plurality of motions of the communication robot, respectively, and
when a motion of the communication robot is a motion of emitting a sound including a particular phoneme that is based on a language of the country of residence that is not found in the native language of the user, the controller is configured to increase an intensity level corresponding to the motion of emitting a sound including the particular phoneme, and perform the motion of emitting a sound including the particular phoneme at an increased number of repeats based on the increased intensity level.

US Pat. No. 10,366,688

VOICE CONTROL USER INTERFACE WITH MULTIPLE VOICE PROCESSING MODULES

Google Technology Holding...

1. A computer-implemented method comprising:during operation of a mobile device in a low-power mode in which functionality of a voice recognition engine of the mobile device is reduced:
receiving, at data processing hardware of the mobile device, an utterance of at least an initial portion of a predetermined command phrase, the predetermined command phrase comprising a series of multiple words configured to cause the mobile device to wake-up from the low-power mode in response to detecting each word of the series of multiple words in the utterance;
detecting, by the data processing hardware, the initial portion of the predetermined command phrase in the utterance; and
in response to detecting the initial portion of the predetermined command phrase in the utterance:
determining, by the data processing hardware, whether a remaining portion of the predetermined command phrase is detected in the utterance within a first predetermined period of time after detecting the initial portion of the predetermined command phrase in the utterance; and
activating, by the data processing hardware, a display of the mobile device to present display data for output on the display; and
when the remaining portion of the predetermined command phrase is detected in the utterance within the predetermined period of time, commanding, by the data processing hardware, the mobile device to wake-up from the low-power mode and operate in an awake mode; and
during operation of the mobile device in the awake mode in which full functionality of the speech recognition engine is provided, detecting, by the data processing hardware, a voice command in the received utterance that follows the predetermined command phrase.

US Pat. No. 10,366,686

TEXT-TO-SPEECH PRE-PROCESSING

GM GLOBAL TECHNOLOGY OPER...

1. A computer-implemented method for text-to-speech (TTS) pre-processing, the method comprising:receiving, by a processing device, an automated speech recognition output comprising an n-best list and associated confidence scores;
receiving, by the processing device, a user model from a model database, the user model containing proper names, favorite places, and user-specified vocabulary;
receiving, by the processing device, a context model from the model database, the context model containing text or query history information, location context information, and date and time context information;
performing, by the processing device, a TTS pre-processing on the n-best list and associated confidence scores to generate a read back message, wherein the read back message comprises a read back instruction, wherein performing the TTS pre-processing further comprises aligning n-best list items on the n-best list, parsing the n-best list items, and identifying strong words and weak words using the associated confidence scores, the user model, the context model, parsing results from parsing the n-best list items, and an n-best list alignment including repetitions across the n-best list items; and
sending, by the processing device, the read back message to a TTS speech synthesizer for generating an audible signal based on the read back message to cause an audio device to present the read back message.

US Pat. No. 10,366,685

AUDIO PROCESSING TECHNIQUES FOR SEMANTIC AUDIO RECOGNITION AND REPORT GENERATION

The Nielsen Company (US),...

1. An apparatus to determine semantic audio information for audio, the apparatus comprising:memory including computer readable instructions; and
a processor to execute the computer readable instructions to:
extract a plurality of audio features from the audio, at least one of the plurality of audio features including at least one of a temporal feature, a spectral feature, a harmonic feature, or a rhythmic feature;
compare the plurality of audio features to a plurality of stored audio feature ranges having tags associated therewith; and
determine a set of ranges of the plurality of stored audio feature ranges having closest matches to the plurality of audio features, a tag associated with the set of ranges having the closest matches to be used to determine the semantic audio information for the audio, wherein the tag is associated with at least one of an audio timbre range, a beat range, a loudness range or a spectral histogram range.

US Pat. No. 10,366,684

INFORMATION PROVIDING METHOD AND INFORMATION PROVIDING DEVICE

YAMAHA CORPORATION, Hama...

1. An information providing method comprising the steps of:sequentially identifying a performance speed at which a user performs a piece of music;
identifying, in the piece of music, a performance position at which the user is performing the piece of music;
setting an adjustment amount in accordance with a temporal variation in the identified performance speed;
providing the user with music information corresponding to a time point that is later, by the set adjustment amount, than a time point that corresponds to the performance position identified in the piece of music;
calculating, from a time series consisting of a prescribed number of performance speeds that are identified, a variation degree, which is an indicator of a degree and a direction of the temporal variation in the performance speed,
wherein the setting step sets the adjustment amount in accordance with the variation degree.

US Pat. No. 10,366,681

INTEGRATED LUG AND DRUM MOUNT

1. An integrated lug and drum mount comprisingan integrated lug,
a U-bracket, and
a mounting component, wherein
the U-bracket has a two planar members with opposing surface, and a curved portion, continuously connected to the two planar members with opposing surfaces, wherein one planar member is the fixed member and one planar member is the free member;
the fixed member has two ends, one end connected continuously to the curved portion called the joined end and one end, distal to the curved portion, called the lug end;
the free member has two ends, one end connected continuously to the curved portion called the joined end and one end, distal to the curved portion, called the free end; and
the fixed member is fixed relative to the drum shell; and the free member is free relative to the drum shell, meaning that the free member can move relative to the drum shell.

US Pat. No. 10,366,678

PICK FOR USE WITH A STRINGED INSTRUMENT

1. A pick for use with a stringed instrument, said pick being constructed of a material comprising:a polyimide material characterized by a ring-shaped molecular structure containing nitrogen, and additionally comprising graphite.

US Pat. No. 10,366,672

OPTIMIZING HIGH DYNAMIC RANGE IMAGES FOR PARTICULAR DISPLAYS

KONINKLIJKE PHILIPS N.V.,...

1. A color transformation apparatus to calculate resultant colors of pixels of an output image for a display with a display peak brightness starting from input colors of pixels of an input image having a maximum luma code corresponding to a first image peak brightness which is different from the display peak brightness, wherein the color transformation apparatus comprises:a color transformation determination circuit arranged to determine a color transformation from color processing specification data received via a metadata input which color processing specification data comprises at least one tone mapping function for at least a range of pixel luminances, which color transformation specifies the calculation of at least some pixel colors of an image having corresponding to its maximum lama code a second image peak brightness, which is different from the display peak brightness and the first image peak brightness, and whereby the division of the first image peak brightness by the second image peak brightness is either larger than 2 or smaller than ½;
a scaling factor determination circuit arranged to determine a resultant common multiplicative factor, by comprising:
a capability metric determination circuit arranged to determine a metric for locating positions of display peak brightnesses between the first image peak brightness, and the second image peak brightness and outside that range; and
a resultant multiplier determination circuit arranged to determine from the display peak brightness, the metric, and the color transformation the resultant common multiplicative factor, and wherein the color transformation apparatus further comprises
a scaling multiplier circuit arranged to multiply a linear RGB color representation of the input colors with the resultant common multiplicative factor.

US Pat. No. 10,366,670

COMPENSATION CIRCUIT FOR COMMON ELECTRODE VOLTAGE AND DISPLAY DEVICE

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A compensation circuit for a common electrode voltage, comprising a control circuit, a selection circuit, a transmission circuit and an output circuit; wherein:the control circuit is connected to a feedback signal terminal, a first reference voltage terminal, a second reference voltage terminal, the selection circuit and the transmission circuit respectively, and is configured to:
generate a control signal based on a feedback signal from the feedback signal terminal, a signal from the first reference voltage terminal and a signal from the second reference voltage terminal; and
transmit the control signal to the selection circuit;
the selection circuit is connected to a first common electrode voltage terminal, a second common electrode voltage terminal, a third common electrode voltage terminal, a fourth common electrode voltage terminal, a turn-on voltage terminal and the output circuit respectively, and is configured to:
select one of a signal from the first common electrode voltage terminal, a signal from the second common electrode voltage terminal, a signal from the third common electrode voltage terminal and a signal from the fourth common electrode voltage terminal as an input signal based on the control signal and a signal from the turn-on voltage terminal; and
transmit the input signal to the output circuit;
the transmission circuit is connected to the output circuit and is configured to transmit the feedback signal received from the control circuit to the output circuit; and
the output circuit is configured to generate a compensation signal based on the feedback signal and the input signal.

US Pat. No. 10,366,668

DATA DRIVER AND A DISPLAY APPARATUS HAVING THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

1. A data driver which drives a display panel comprising a data line, a gate line and a common voltage line, the data driver comprising:a digital-to-analog converter configured to convert a data signal to a data voltage;
an output buffer configured to amplify the data voltage, wherein the output buffer comprises an output channel through which an amplified data voltage is output to the data line and a dummy channel through which a feedback voltage corresponding to a common voltage from the common voltage line is received;
a feedback line connected to the dummy channel,
wherein the output buffer further comprises a switching element configured to connect the dummy channel to the feedback line.

US Pat. No. 10,366,664

DISPLAY DEVICE AND DISPLAYING METHOD OF THE SAME

Japan Display Inc., Mina...

1. A display device comprising a unit pixel including a plural of sub-pixels,the plurality of sub-pixels including:
a first sub-pixel displaying a first color having a first hue;
a second sub-pixel displaying a second color having a second hue;
a third sub-pixel displaying a first color having a third hue; and
a fourth sub-pixel displaying a second color having a fourth hue,
wherein the first hue, the second hue, and the third hue are selected from a group of red, green, and blue,
the fourth hue corresponds to a point inside a triangle defined by a point corresponding to the first hue, a point corresponding to the second hue, and a point corresponding to the third hue, in CIE1931 chromaticity diagram, and
luminance of the plurality of sub-pixels are set such that while a hue of a color displayed by the unit pixel is changed from black to white through a predetermined hue,
luminance of the first sub-pixel is increased,
luminance of the fourth sub-pixel is increased without increasing luminance of the third sub-pixel after the luminance of the first sub-pixel reaches predetermined luminance, and
the luminance of the third sub-pixel is increased after the luminance of the fourth sub-pixel reaches the predetermined luminance.

US Pat. No. 10,366,663

DITHERING A CLOCK USED TO UPDATE A DISPLAY TO MITIGATE DISPLAY ARTIFACTS

SYNAPTICS INCORPORATED, ...

1. A processing system for a display device, the processing system comprising:a clock generator configured to generate a clock signal using clock dithering for updating a display of the display device during a plurality of display events, wherein the processing system is configured to vary a parameter of the clock dithering performed on the clock signal in response to the plurality of display events,
wherein a frequency of the clock signal is gradually changed between a high value and a low value during each of the plurality of display events.

US Pat. No. 10,366,661

DISPLAY APPARATUS AND ITS CONTROL METHOD

CANON KABUSHIKI KAISHA, ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a plurality of light modulation elements each configured to modulate light from a light source for a respective color; and
a driver configured to drive the plurality of light modulation elements using drive signals in accordance with a digital drive method,
wherein the driver is configured to make different, from one another, start timings of the drive signals corresponding to one frame period for the plurality of light modulation elements,
wherein the driver is configured to generate the drive signals of the respective light modulation elements to control an ON period and an OFF period based on a tone of an input image in each of a plurality of subframes contained in the one frame period, and
wherein in displaying a tone corresponding to a maximum tone of the input image, parts of the ON periods of the drive signals overlap with each other, and at least one of sums of the ON periods of the drive signals is shorter than the one frame period.

US Pat. No. 10,366,660

COLOR FILTER ON ARRAY (COA) SUBSTRATES AND LIQUID CRYSTAL PANELS

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. A color filter on array (COA) substrate, comprising:a glass substrate, a common electrode on the glass substrate, an insulation layer on the common electrode, a data line on the insulation layer, and the data line intersects with the common electrode;
the COA substrate further comprises a first passivation layer, a RGB color filter layer, and a second passivation layer arranged on the data line in sequence, a disconnected gap is configured at an intersection of the common electrode and the data line such that the common electrode comprises two opposite ends, the insulation layer fills the gap, and the second passivation layer is configured with a conductive layer spanning over two ends of the common electrode.

US Pat. No. 10,366,659

ARRAY SUBSTRATES FOR ENHANCING GATE DRIVER ON ARRAY (GOA) RELIABILITY

Shenzhen China Star Optoe...

1. An array substrate for enhancing gate driver on array (GOA) reliability, comprising:a GOA circuit, a clock signals (CK) trace, a peripheral trace (CF_COM), an active display area (AA), wherein:
the array substrate comprises dual and adjacent VSS traces in a rim, the VSS traces comprise a first VSS trace and a second VSS trace, 2n number of regulation capacitors are configured between the CF_COM trace and the second VSS trace via metal material in different layers, wherein n is a positive integer.

US Pat. No. 10,366,657

DISPLAY DEVICE THAT SWITCHES LIGHT EMISSION STATES MULTIPLE TIMES DURING ONE FIELD PERIOD

Sony Corporation, Tokyo ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a driving circuit configured to receive a pulse for an input signal, the driving circuit is configured to transition a logic level of a first control signal after receiving the pulse for the input signal and transition a logic level of a second control signal after receiving the pulse for the input signal;
a first transistor that is controllable by the second control signal to electrically disconnect a data signal line from a source/drain region of a second transistor, the first transistor is controllable by the second control signal to electrically connect the data signal line to the source/drain region of the second transistor;
a first switch that is controllable by the second control signal to electrically disconnect a gate of the second transistor from a different source/drain region of the second transistor, the first switch is controllable by the second control signal to electrically connect the gate of the second transistor to the different source/drain region of the second transistor;
a second switch that is controllable by the first control signal to electrically disconnect the gate of the second transistor from a first voltage line, the second switch is controllable by the first control signal to electrically connect the gate of the second transistor to the first voltage line; and
a third switch that is controllable by a third control signal to electrically disconnect the source/drain region of the second transistor from a second voltage line, the third switch is controllable by a third control signal to electrically connect the source/drain region of the second transistor to the second voltage line,
wherein the driving circuit is configured to generate the third control signal according to the input signal, and
wherein a duration of an emitting state of a light emitting device is controllable by a pulse width of the input signal.

US Pat. No. 10,366,652

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY APPARATUS

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. An organic light-emitting display apparatus comprising:a first pixel comprising a first pixel circuit and a first light-emitting device configured to emit light in response to a first driving current received from the first pixel circuit;
a second pixel comprising a second pixel circuit and a second light-emitting device configured to emit light in response to a second driving current received from the second pixel circuit; and
a switch circuit connected between an anode electrode of the first light-emitting device and an anode electrode of the second light-emitting device,
wherein the switch circuit comprises:
a first connection transistor configured to connect the anode electrode of the first light-emitting device to the anode electrode of the second light-emitting device in response to a first control signal; and a second connection transistor configured to be controlled by a second control signal and connected in parallel to the first connection transistor,
wherein the first connection transistor including a first terminal directly connected to the anode electrode of the first light-emitting device and a second terminal directly connected to the anode electrode of the second light-emitting device,
wherein the second connection transistor including a third terminal directly connected to the first terminal of the first connection transistor and a fourth terminal directly connected to the second terminal of the first connection transistor, and
wherein the second control signal being different from the first control signal.

US Pat. No. 10,366,651

ORGANIC LIGHT-EMITTING DISPLAY DEVICE AND DRIVING METHOD THEREOF

LG Display Co., Ltd., Se...

7. A driving method of an organic light-emitting display device including a plurality of sub pixels of which each includes an organic light-emitting diode, a driving transistor configured to drive the organic light-emitting diode, a first transistor that is controlled by a sensing signal and that is coupled between a reference voltage line and a first node of the driving transistor, a second transistor that is controlled by a scan signal and that is coupled between a data line and a second node of the driving transistor, and a storage capacitor that is coupled between the first node and the second node of the driving transistor, the driving method comprising:performing initialization and data programming on an N-th sub pixel in an overlapping section of an N-th scan signal and an (N?1)-th scan signal, the N-th scan signal being a scan signal supplied to the N-th sub pixel, which has an N-th position in a column of the plurality of subpixels, and the (N?1)-th scan signal being a scan signal supplied to an (N?1)-th sub pixel having an (N?1)-th position in the column, the (N?1)-th sub pixel being adjacent to the N-th sub pixel in the column direction;
switching the (N?1)-th scan signal to a low level, causing the first node of the driving transistor of the N-th sub pixel to float, and compensating a threshold voltage of the driving transistor of the N-th sub pixel;
holding a voltage between the second node and the first node of the driving transistor of the N-th sub pixel by the compensation for the threshold voltage; and
switching the N-th scan signal supplied to the second transistor of the N-th sub pixel to the low level and causing the organic light-emitting diode of the N-th sub pixel to emit light.

US Pat. No. 10,366,650

DISPLAY APPARATUS, CHASSIS THEREOF, AND A MANUFACTURING METHOD THEREOF

SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., ...

1. A display apparatus comprising:a display panel configured to display an image; and
a rear chassis arranged at a rear side of the display panel, the rear chassis comprising a back plate forming a back surface of the rear chassis, an upper frame coupled to an upper end of the back plate, and a lower frame coupled to a lower end of the back plate,
wherein the back plate is curved so that lateral sides thereof protrude forward, and
wherein the upper frame and the lower frame are deformed to have a curved shape when the upper frame and the lower frame are directly fastened to the curved back plate so as to form the rear chassis.

US Pat. No. 10,366,649

DISPLAY DEVICE AND METHOD OF OPERATING THE SAME

Samsung Display Co., Ltd....

1. A display device comprising:a source device configured to:
output image data in a normal mode and in a re-synchronization mode; and
refrain from outputting the image data in a panel self-refresh (PSR) mode; and
a sink device configured to:
perform a displaying operation based on the image data in the normal mode;
store the image data as still image data in a remote frame buffer at a time when an operating mode is changed from the normal mode to the PSR mode in response to a PSR-entering command;
perform the displaying operation based on the still image data in the PSR mode; and
perform a frame-timing synchronization operation for synchronizing a frame timing of the sink device with a frame timing of the source device in the re-synchronization mode when the operating mode is changed from the PSR mode to the normal mode through the re-synchronization mode in response to a PSR-exiting command,
wherein the frame-timing synchronization operation comprises:
a first period in which a length-change of a vertical blank period of an adjustment-target frame of the sink device is measured;
a second period in which a temporary panel on-off clock to be applied to the adjustment-target frame is determined by reflecting the length-change to equalize a panel-on-time ratio of the adjustment-target frame with a panel-on-time ratio of a normal frame of the sink device; and
a third period in which the temporary panel on-off clock is applied to the adjustment-target frame when the adjustment-target frame is implemented.

US Pat. No. 10,366,648

SEMICONDUCTOR INTEGRATED CIRCUIT, TIMING CONTROLLER, AND DISPLAY DEVICE

ROHM CO., LTD., Kyoto (J...

1. A semiconductor integrated circuit connected to another circuit via differential transmission lines of N channels (where N is a natural number), the circuit comprising:N pairs of differential output pins each of which is connected to a differential transmission line of a corresponding channel;
N differential transmitters each of which is configured to drive a differential transmission line of a corresponding channel through a corresponding differential output pin; and
an abnormality detection circuit configured to detect abnormality that occurs in the differential transmission lines of the N channels,
wherein the abnormality detection circuit comprises:
N amplifiers configured to detect a potential difference between differential transmission lines of corresponding channels, respectively;
N first comparators each of which is configured to compare an output voltage of a corresponding amplifier with a predetermined first threshold voltage; and
a logic circuit configured to detect abnormality of a first mode in a differential transmission line of a corresponding channel based on an output from each of the N first comparators.

US Pat. No. 10,366,645

LIGHTING-ON DEVICE AND METHOD FOR CELL TEST

BOE TECHNOLOGY GROUP CO.,...

1. A lighting-on device, comprising:a movable unit comprising a first marker;
an image acquisition unit, configured to acquire an image indicating an actual relative positional relationship between the first marker and a second marker on a display panel;
a calculation unit, configured to calculate the actual relative positional relationship between the first marker and the second marker according to the image;
a first position adjustment unit, configured to drive the movable unit so as to adjust the actual relative positional relationship; and
a first control unit, configured to determine whether the adjusted actual relative positional relationship has been aligned by the first position adjustment unit according to whether a difference between the actual relative positional relationship and a theoretical relative positional relationship between the first marker and the second marker that are properly aligned in theory exceeds a setting value.

US Pat. No. 10,366,644

DISPLAY PANEL AND METHOD OF FORMING LIGHTING TEST LINE OF THE SAME

SAMSUNG DISPLAY CO., LTD....

19. A display panel comprising:a substrate including a display region and a non-display region which is adjacent to the display region;
a pixel electrically connected to a data line and a scan line, the pixel being included in the display region; and
a lighting test line extended from the data line, the lighting test line being formed in the non-display region along at least one side of the display region,
wherein the lighting test line includes a plurality of test lines which are apart from each other and at least one bridge structure which connects adjacent ones of the test lines, and
wherein the plurality of test lines which are apart from each other are repeatedly and alternately disposed with each other along a major longitudinal length defining at least a substantial length of an entirety of the lighting test line extending in the non-display region to reduce an antenna ratio thereof.

US Pat. No. 10,366,633

ADHESIVE LABEL WITH WATER-BASED RELEASE COATING

Iconex LLC, Duluth, GA (...

1. An adhesive label, comprising:a front surface having a release coating applied to the front surface, the release coating comprising a formulation of a fluorochemical that is water miscible and includes a hydrophilic tail and a hydrophobic tail, wherein the hydrophilic tail is anchored into an underlying substrate of the adhesive label while the hydrophobic tail remains outside of the release coating; and
a second surface having an adhesive applied on at least a portion of the second surface.

US Pat. No. 10,366,630

SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SIMULATING COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT

INNOCORP, LTD., Verona, ...

1. A system for simulating cognitive impairment of a user, the system comprising:a pair of goggles containing:
a first optical filter element having first and second spatial dimensions and an optical filtering function with a spectral pass-band around a first wavelength; and
a second optical filter element having the first and second spatial dimensions and the optical filtering function;
wherein said optical filtering function is invariable with respect to a position across the first optical filter and across the second optical filter;
a first radiant object configured to reflect light at a second wavelength, wherein the first and second optical filter elements are configured to block light at the second wavelength;
a second radiant object configured to reflect light at a third wavelength within the spectral pass-band, wherein a color defined by the third wavelength is complementary to a color defined by the second wavelength;
a first light-generating source configured to generate light at a fourth wavelength, wherein a color defined by the fourth wavelength is complementary to a color defined by at least one wavelength within the spectral pass-band;
a second light-generating source configured to generate light at a fifth wavelength, wherein the fifth wavelength defines a color that is complementary to a color defined by the at least one wavelength outside the spectral pass-band;anda substrate bearing a graphic representation of a maze;
wherein at least a first portion of the graphic representation is configured to reflect light at a first set of wavelengths, wherein wavelengths from the first set of wavelengths define corresponding colors that are complementary to at least a first color, the first color being a color complementary to a color defined by a wavelength within the spectral pass-band; and
wherein at least a second portion of the graphic representation is configured to reflect light at a second set of wavelengths, wherein wavelengths from the second set of wavelengths define corresponding colors that are complementary to at least a second color, the second color being a color complementary to a color defined by a wavelength outside the spectral pass-band.

US Pat. No. 10,366,621

GENERATING HIGH-LEVEL QUESTIONS FROM SENTENCES

MICROSOFT TECHNOLOGY LICE...

1. A computer-implemented process for generating questions about a passage including a sequence of two or more sentences, comprising:receiving computer-readable text data representing the passage;
counting occurrences of different phrases in the computer-readable text data;
ranking the different phrases by frequency of occurrence;
selecting a set of topic phrases based on the ranking of the different phrases;
operating a machine-learning discourse relation prediction model previously trained to predict, for each pair of adjacent clauses in the computer-readable text data, a computer-readable discourse relationship;
operating a machine-learning split point boundary classifier previously trained to:
receive the computer-readable text data, the set of topic phrases, and the computer-readable discourse relationship for each of said pair of adjacent clauses in the computer-readable text data, and
output a split point boundary location indicating a boundary between a context clause and a focus clause in the computer-readable text data;
translating the context clause into a question statement, wherein the question statement has an answer related to the focus clause; and
outputting a question based on the question statement.

US Pat. No. 10,366,617

WALKING TRAINING APPARATUS AND WALKING TRAINING METHOD

TOYOTA JIDOSHA KABUSHIKI ...

1. A walking training apparatus comprising:a display disposed in front of a walking trainee;
a first camera that takes an image of the walking trainee from a viewpoint located above the walking trainee; and
a controller configured to control the display so that a target landing point together with the image of the walking trainee taken by the first camera is displayed on a display screen of the display, the target landing point being a point on which the walking trainee should land a foot of the walking trainee in a next step, wherein
the controller is configured to
determine positions of left and right feet of the walking trainee,
calculate a center line extending from a center of the positions of the left and right feet in a front/rear direction, and
control the display so that the center line in addition to the target landing point of the foot are displayed on the display screen of the display, the center line indicating a center position in a left/right direction of the walking trainee and indicating an inclination of a body of the walking trainee in the left/right direction.

US Pat. No. 10,366,611

PARKING SUPPORT INFORMATION DISPLAY METHOD AND PARKING SUPPORT DEVICE

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A method of displaying parking assist information, the method being used in a parking assist apparatus, the parking assist apparatus comprising:a control device configured to specify a parking space on a basis of a parking condition that is preliminarily defined; and
a display configured to display the parking space specified by the control device in a predetermined display region defined on a display surface,
the method comprising:
in response to an area of a region that is occupied by the parking space and displayed in the display region being less than a predetermined value:
displaying, on the display at timing before a target parking space is set by a driver or passenger of a subject vehicle, a mark indicating that the parking space exists in a region that is not displayed in the display region.

US Pat. No. 10,366,609

PARKING OCCUPANCY ESTIMATION

INRIX, Inc., Kirkland, W...

1. A method for estimating parking availability, comprising:acquiring cellular data associated with a zone;
evaluating the cellular data to determine status data for one or more parking spaces, the status data comprising an estimation as to whether the one or more parking spaces are available or occupied, the status data comprising an estimated availability time at which one or more occupied parking spaces are estimated to become available;
estimating a parking availability for the zone based upon the status data;
identifying a business within a threshold distance of the zone;
adjusting the parking availability, based upon a business type of the business, to create an adjusted parking availability; and
displaying the adjusted parking availability through a user interface, the displaying comprising:
responsive to the adjusted parking availability corresponding to a first availability threshold range, displaying a first availability status for a user interface element representing the zone through the user interface; and
responsive to the adjusted parking availability corresponding a second availability threshold range, displaying a second availability status for the user interface element.

US Pat. No. 10,366,608

SCENE DETERMINATION DEVICE, TRAVEL ASSISTANCE APPARATUS, AND SCENE DETERMINATION METHOD

Nissan Motor Co., Ltd., ...

1. A subject vehicle having a scene determination device comprising:a determination processor configured to, when determining a driving action of the subject vehicle traveling on a route, determine a scene which the subject vehicle encounters,
the determination processor being operative to:
calculate a travel estimation line of time series of the subject vehicle traveling on a first route;
extract a second route using the travel estimation line, wherein the second route is associated with the first route;
extract an event which the subject vehicle encounters, on a basis of a position of a point of intersection between the travel estimation line and the second route having a point of intersection with the first route, the point of intersection between the travel estimation line and the second route being located at a most upstream side along a traveling direction on the second route among a plurality of points of intersections between the travel estimation line and the second route; and
determine the scene using a relationship between the extracted event and the subject vehicle,
wherein travel of the subject vehicle is controlled based on the determined scene.

US Pat. No. 10,366,605

BROADCASTING INFORMATION RELATED TO HAZARDS IMPACTING VEHICLE TRAVEL

State Farm Mutual Automob...

1. A system of broadcasting information related to vehicle travel conditions, the system comprising:a mobile computing device configured to:
mount within a vehicle dashboard cradle;
collect telematics data of a vehicle when the mobile computing device is mounted within the vehicle dashboard cradle, the telematics data including location data, braking data, cornering data, and at least one of acceleration data or deceleration data of the vehicle;
generate at least one of (1) an alert based upon the telematics data and images taken forward of the vehicle by the mobile computing device, or (2) broadcasting data including the images and the telematics data;
broadcast, when one or more conditions impacting vehicle travel correspond to at least one location within a threshold distance of at least one of (1) at least one nearby vehicle, or (2) at least one smart infrastructure component, the at least one of the alert or the broadcasting data to the at least one of the at least one nearby vehicle or the at least one smart infrastructure component via wireless communication or data transmission to cause, upon the at least one of the at least one nearby vehicle or the at least one smart infrastructure component receiving and processing the at least one of the alert or the broadcasting data, at least one computing device associated with the at least one nearby vehicle to provide a respective graphical user interface (GUI) including a respective display of:
(i) a respective indication of at least one description of the one or more conditions impacting vehicle travel, the respective indication of the at least one description of the one or more conditions impacting vehicle travel including at least one of a respective text indication of the at least one description, or a respective graphical indication of the at least one description, and
(ii) a respective indication of the at least one location corresponding to the one or more conditions impacting vehicle travel, the respective indication of the at least one location corresponding to the one or more conditions impacting vehicle travel including at least one of a respective text indication of the at least one location, a respective graphical indication of the at least one location; or a respective map indicating the at least one location.

US Pat. No. 10,366,601

IN-FIELD SENSOR PROGRAMMING

ECOLINK INTELLIGENT TECHN...

1. A sensor, comprising:a magnetic field detector;
a memory for storing processor-executable instructions and sensor data;
a transmitter for transmitting alarm signals to a remote receiver; and
a processor, coupled to the magnetic field detector, the memory and the transmitter, for executing the processor-executable instructions that causes the processor to:
detect, a modulation of a magnetic field sensed by the magnetic field detector;
convert the modulation of the magnetic field into programming information; and
replace at least some of the sensor data stored in the memory with the programming information.

US Pat. No. 10,366,600

NOTIFICATION SYSTEM FOR MOBILE DEVICES

Massachusetts Mutual Life...

1. A method comprising:receiving, by an electronic device from a server, a notification message comprising an event impact record and a notification urgency record;
retrieving, by the electronic device from a database in communication with the server, a plurality of sensory alerts presets where each sensory alert preset indicates an output signal causing the electronic device to output a unique alert corresponding to at least one of a repeat and intensity rate of vibrating pulses, a repeat rate and a pitch rate of an audible alert, and a repeat rate and a color of a visual alert, wherein each sensory alert corresponds to at least one event impact record and at least one notification urgency record;
identifying, by the electronic device, at least one sensory alert preset from the plurality of sensory alerts corresponding to an attribute of a user operating the electronic device, the event impact record, and the notification urgency record of the notification message;
outputting, by the electronic device, a notification corresponding to the identified sensory alert preset.

US Pat. No. 10,366,598

COMBINATION AIR FRESHENER AND SECURITY ALARM

1. A combination air freshener and security alarm comprising:a housing having an exterior surface and an interior chamber;
a plurality of reservoirs within the interior chamber, each of said reservoirs containing a deodorizing liquid having a discrete fragrance;
a pump with a designated actuating plunger mounted on each of said reservoirs that, when depressed, disperses a predetermined amount of the deodorizing liquid through a nozzle;
a solenoid pin adjacent to said plunger that depresses and releases said plunger upon receipt of a predetermined command to deliver the liquid through the nozzle;
means for moving each of said reservoirs to align the nozzle on the select one of said reservoirs with a discharge port on the exterior surface of said housing, wherein said means for moving each of said reservoirs includes a motor; a linkage driven by said motor, and a conveyor that moves the reservoirs along a guide track to align the nozzle on the select reservoir with the discharge port, and to position the plunger adjacent to said solenoid pin to dispense the desired fragrance;
at least one atmospheric sensor on the exterior surface of said housing for monitoring a predetermined parameter;
means for automatically transmitting a wireless distress signal to a remote electronic device in the event said sensor determines the predetermined parameter is outside a predefined range.

US Pat. No. 10,366,597

EMERGENCY EVENT VIRTUAL NETWORK FUNCTION DEPLOYMENT AND CONFIGURATION

1. A method comprising:detecting, by a processor of a wireless network, an emergency event associated with a first location;
deploying, by the processor, a first virtual network function on a first host device of the wireless network in a central zone associated with the first location, in response to the detecting the emergency event;
configuring, by the processor, a first alarm threshold for the first virtual network function that is indicative of a type of loading condition at the first virtual network function;
deploying, by the processor, a second virtual network function on a second host device of the wireless network in a second zone, in response to the detecting the emergency event; and
configuring, by the processor, a second alarm threshold for the second virtual network function that is indicative of the type of loading condition at the second virtual network function, wherein the first alarm threshold is less than the second alarm threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,366,591

SAFETY COOKING DEVICE AND METHOD

TYCO SAFETY PRODUCTS CANA...

1. A cooking safety device, comprising:a thermal sensor that detects infrared radiation (IR) to generate thermal images of a cooktop over time; and
a controller that uses the thermal images over the time to determine whether IR energy emitted by the cooktop is blocked or not blocked by an individual in the thermal images over the time, and in response to determine whether the cooktop is unattended.

US Pat. No. 10,366,590

SMOKE DETECTOR FOR EVENT CLASSIFICATION AND METHODS OF MAKING AND USING SAME

Google LLC, Mountain Vie...

1. A method for operating a smoke detector, the method comprising:measuring a voltage output by a light sensor of the smoke detector, wherein the voltage is based on a measurement of an electromagnetic signal emitted by an illuminator of the smoke detector;
determining a carbon monoxide concentration using a carbon monoxide sensor of the smoke detector;
determining a smoke concentration using the measured voltage;
calculating a rate of increase of smoke;
calculating an adjusted smoke concentration by adding the determined smoke concentration to a product of the calculated rate of increase of smoke and a time constant;
determining a smoke concentration warning threshold based on the determined carbon monoxide concentration;
comparing the adjusted smoke concentration to the smoke concentration warning threshold; and
generating a warning alarm in response to comparing the adjusted smoke concentration to the smoke concentration warning threshold.

US Pat. No. 10,366,588

FIXED PROPERTY MONITORING WITH MOVING ASSET LOCATION TRACKING

Alarm.com Incorporated, ...

1. A system to process sensor data captured for a fixed property in combination with geographic location tracking data of one or more mobile assets associated with the fixed property, the system comprising:a monitoring system that is configured to monitor a fixed property and includes one or more sensors that are installed at the fixed property and that are configured to sense attributes of the fixed property;
one or more mobile devices that are configured to track and report geographic location data for one or more mobile assets associated with the fixed property; and
a monitoring application server that is configured to electronically receive data communications from the one or more sensors installed at the fixed property and receive data communications from the one or more mobile devices that are configured to track and report geographic location data, the monitoring application server being configured to perform operations comprising:
receiving monitoring data from the one or more sensors located at the fixed property;
based on the monitoring data, determining that an event has occurred at the fixed property;
determining, from amongst a plurality of identities, an identity associated with the event and a geofence associated with the identity;
determining that a first mobile asset associated with the fixed property is associated with the identity, wherein a first mobile device tracks the first mobile asset and the first mobile device is configured to transmit first location information at a first periodic frequency;
determining that a second mobile asset associated with the fixed property is not associated with the identity, wherein a second mobile device tracks the second mobile asset and the second mobile device is configured to transmit second location information at the first periodic frequency;
based on determining that the first mobile asset is associated with the identity and determining that the identity is associated with the event that occurred at the fixed property, configuring the first mobile device to transmit the first location information of the first mobile device at a second periodic frequency that is greater than the first periodic frequency;
based on determining that the second mobile asset is not associated with the identity and determining that the identity is associated with the event that occurred at the fixed property, maintaining the second mobile device to transmit the second location information of the second mobile device at the first periodic frequency;
receiving the first location information of the first mobile device according to the second periodic frequency;
determining a location of the first mobile asset using finer scale tracking data collected by the monitoring system when the user is detected as being located at the fixed property and larger scale tracking data provided by the first mobile device when the user is detected as being away from the fixed property;
comparing the location of the first mobile asset to the geofence;
determining that the location of the first mobile asset is outside the geofence; and
in response to determining that the location of the first mobile asset is outside the geofence, transmitting an alert to an entity associated with the first mobile asset indicating that the location of the first mobile asset is outside the geofence.

US Pat. No. 10,366,584

RENDERING HAPTICS WITH AN ILLUSION OF FLEXIBLE JOINT MOVEMENT

IMMERSION CORPORATION, S...

1. A haptic system, comprising:a detector configured to receive an indication of an event and detect a movement-related interaction in the event; and
a haptic output device for applying a haptic effect proximate to a flexible joint of an individual, the haptic effect corresponding to the movement-related interaction and being obtained from a flexible joint haptic effects database,
the haptic effect inducing gait-like movement of the flexible joint,
the haptic output device including a first haptic output device for applying a first haptic effect in a first pattern proximate to a first muscle of a first flexible joint of the individual, and a second haptic output device for applying a second haptic effect in a second pattern proximate to a second muscle of the first flexible joint of the individual,
the first and second haptic effects inducing movement of the first flexible joint,
the first pattern occurring concurrently with, or overlapping, the second pattern.

US Pat. No. 10,366,582

DEVICES AND SYSTEMS FOR DETECTING UNAUTHORIZED COMMUNICATION OF DATA FROM A MAGNETIC STRIPE DEVICE OR EMBEDDED SMART CHIP DEVICE

BANK OF AMERICA CORPORATI...

13. A system for detecting unauthorized communication of data from a device, the system comprising:a device including:
a card-like body;
an integrated circuit, embedded within the card-like body, having corresponding first memory configured to store user data;
at least one sensor in communication with the integrated circuit and comprising one or more of a gyroscope, a pressure sensor and a light sensor; and
an insertion detection routine stored in the memory, executable by the integrated circuit and configured to:
detect that the device has been inserted into a reader terminal by implementing one or more of (i) the gyroscope to determine proper insertion orientation of the device into the reader terminal based on location of the integrated circuit, (ii) the pressure sensor to determine a requisite pressure applied to the device while inserted into the reader terminal, and (iii) the light sensor to determine a requisite level of light encountered by the device for a predetermined period of time while inserted into the reader terminal,
count, by recording as first data in the memory, each detected instance of the device being inserted into a reader terminal;
and
a mobile communication terminal having a second memory, at least one processor in communication with the second memory, a display and control module, stored in the second memory, executable by the processor and configured to:
receive, via short-range wireless communication, a number associated with detected instances of the device being inserted into a reader terminal, and
display the number on the display of the mobile communication terminal.

US Pat. No. 10,366,580

GAMING DEVICE HAVING DIFFERENT SETS OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY REEL SYMBOLS

IGT, Las Vegas, NV (US)

1. A gaming system comprising:one display device configured to display each of a first plurality of reels associated with a plurality of symbol display positions and a second, different plurality of reels associated with the plurality of symbol display positions;
at least one processor; and
at least one memory device which stores a plurality of instructions, which when executed by the at least one processor, cause the at least one processor to:
upon an occurrence of a first game initiation event:
cause the display device to display, during a first period of time, the first plurality of reels displaying a first plurality of randomly generated reel symbols at the plurality of symbol display positions, wherein:
the first plurality of randomly generated reel symbols are from a first set of reel symbols associated with a play of a first game, and
the play of the first game has a first game average expected payout, and
cause the display device to display any award associated with the displayed first plurality of randomly generated reel symbols from the first set of reel symbols associated with the play of the first game, and
upon an occurrence of a second game initiation event:
after ceasing to display the first plurality of reels, cause the display device to then display, during a second, subsequent period of time, the second, different plurality of reels displaying a second plurality of randomly generated reel symbols at the plurality of symbol display positions, wherein:
the second plurality of randomly generated reel symbols are from a second, different set of reel symbols associated with a play of a second game,
the second, different plurality of reels is visually distinct from the first plurality of reels,
the play of the second game has a second game average expected payout which is greater than the first game average expected payout, and
the second game average expected payout is independent of any game initiation event which occurred, and
cause the display device to display any award associated with the displayed second plurality of randomly generated reel symbols from the second set of reel symbols associated with the second game.

US Pat. No. 10,366,575

GAMING SYSTEM AND METHOD OF GAMING

Aristocrat Technologies A...

1. An electronic gaming machine configured to change a changeable symbol as part of a wagering game, the electronic gaming machine comprising:a display configured to display a plurality of symbols in a matrix of rows and columns, the plurality of symbols including a plurality of changeable symbols, each changeable symbol of the plurality of changeable symbols comprising a first face and a second face;
a credit input mechanism configured to establish a credit balance; and
a game controller configured to execute instructions stored in a memory, which when executed, cause the game controller to at least:
determine a wager amount;
select the plurality of symbols for display in the matrix;
receive a player selection of at least one changeable symbol of the plurality of changeable symbols displayed in the matrix;
select, in response to the player selection, at least one jackpot symbol from a plurality of jackpot symbols stored in the memory, wherein the plurality of jackpot symbols available for selection are adjustable by the game controller in proportion to the wager amount;
display a change of the at least one changeable symbol selected by the player, whereby the at least one changeable symbol appears to change to display the selected jackpot symbol on its second face;
evaluate the plurality of symbols, including the at least one jackpot symbol displayed on the second face of the at least one changeable symbol; and
determine, based upon the evaluation, whether to award i) a primary game award and ii) a jackpot award, wherein the primary game award is based only upon the plurality of symbols displayed in the matrix exclusive of the at least one jackpot symbol, and wherein jackpot award is based only upon the at least one jackpot symbol.

US Pat. No. 10,366,573

SIDE BETTING FOR ENRICHED GAME PLAY ENVIRONMENT (SINGLE AND/OR MULTIPLAYER) FOR CASINO APPLICATIONS

Gamblit Gaming, LLC, Gle...

1. An electronic gambling game machine for processing a side bet in a hybrid game having an entertainment game and a gambling game, the electronic gambling game machine comprising:a real world controller connected to a game world controller, the real world controller comprising:
a real world credit meter;
a random number generator; and
a real world credit paytable, wherein the real world controller is constructed to:
receive real world credit;
receive, from the game world controller, a wager trigger; and
determine a gambling outcome for a first wager of a first amount of real world credit using the random number generator and the real world credit paytable in accordance with a gambling proposition of the gambling game using the trigger;
an entertainment software controller connected to the game world controller by a network, the entertainment software controller constructed to:
provide the entertainment game to a player, the entertainment game having a game world and entertainment game objects used by the player in the context of the game world;
generate a game play outcome based on actions taken by the player in the context of the game world; and
communicate, to the game world controller, the actions taken by the player in the context of the game world;
a display screen constructed to display, to the player, an opportunity to invoke a side bet;
a user input device constructed to receive, from the player, a selection of an icon on the display to initiate placement of the side bet; and
the game world controller connected to the real world controller and the entertainment software controller, wherein the game world controller is constructed to:
communicate, to the entertainment software controller, a proposal of the side bet to be presented to the player, wherein the side bet is associated with the game play outcome, has as a second wager of a second amount of real world credits, and has a payout of real world credits;
receive, from the entertainment software controller, the actions taken by the player in the context of the game world of the entertainment game of during the player's playing of the entertainment game;
trigger the first wager of the first amount of real world credits in the real world controller based on the actions taken by the player in the context of the game world of the entertainment game;
trigger the second wager of the second amount of real world credits for the payout of real world credits for the side bet using the game play outcome based on the actions taken by the player in the context of the game world;
and
update a state of the entertainment game based on the payout of entertainment game objects of the side bet.

US Pat. No. 10,366,571

ELECTRONIC GAMING MACHINE WITH PROJECTILE WHICH ELIMINATES SYMBOLS

1. A method of executing a wagering event on an electronic gaming machine comprising a housing, a video display, a processor having associated memory, and player input controls,wherein the player input controls further comprise a hand or finger controlled guiding element for directing a trajectory of a virtual projectile displayed by the processor on the video screen and a value-in-value system comprising a ticket-in-ticket-out component with a ticket scanner and ticket printer, and a currency validator with a visual capture component and a motor to retrieve and eject currency, and
wherein the method comprises:
a) the processor receiving a wager on a gaming event in which random symbols are randomly distributed in a grid array of at least three rows and at least three columns of frames within which the random symbols are displayed on the visual screen;
b) the player also receiving a number of directable virtual projectiles;
c) the player, through controlled guiding element, selecting a trajectory for the virtual projectile that passes into the grid array;
d) the processor moving the virtual projectile on the visual screen along the selected trajectory;
e) each virtual projectile having a designated frame penetrating strength;
f) each moved virtual projectile passing into frames until the virtual projectile exhausts its frame penetrating strength and eliminating symbols in each frame the virtual projectile penetrates;
g) the processor accumulating all symbols eliminated in ordered arrays of like symbols or orders of symbols; and
h) after all projectiles have been moved and all eliminated symbols accumulated, the processor resolves the received wager against a paytable stored in the memory, with amounts of award depending upon correspondence of the accumulated symbols to the paytable.

US Pat. No. 10,366,570

GAMING SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR SELECTIVE ACCUMULATION OF FREE GAME MODIFIER OR APPLICATION OF FREE GAME MODIFIER

IGT, Las Vegas, NV (US)

1. An electronic gaming machine comprising:a display device;
an input device;
a payment acceptor;
a processor; and
a memory device which stores a plurality of instructions, which when executed by the processor, cause the processor to:
(a) responsive to a physical item being received via the payment acceptor, modify a credit balance based, at least in part, on a monetary value associated with the received physical item,
(b) for a play of a game responsive to an occurrence of a triggering event:
(i) determine a game outcome,
(ii) cause the display device to display the game outcome,
(iii) determine an award associated with the game outcome,
(iv) cause the display device to display the award associated with the game outcome, and
(v) cause the display device to display a first modifier and a second modifier,
(c) after causing the display device to display the award associated with the game outcome, the first modifier and the second modifier, responsive to the award being a designated award and responsive to an input being made to modify the award with the first modifier:
(i) modify the award associated with the game outcome with the first modifier, and
(ii) cause the display device to display the modified award, the credit balance being increasable based on the modified award,
(d) responsive to the award being the designated award and responsive to no input being made to modify the award with the first modifier, accumulate the second modifier for another play of the game,
(e) responsive to the award not being the designated award, not modify the award associated with the game outcome with the first modifier, and
(f) responsive to a cashout input being received, cause an initiation of any payout associated with the credit balance.

US Pat. No. 10,366,569

ELECTRONIC GAMING MACHINE AND METHOD

Ainsworth Game Technology...

1. An electronic gaming machine comprising:a display for displaying game symbols for playing a game of chance, wherein said game of chance comprises randomly displaying said game symbols in a plurality of reels and awarding prizes to a player for predetermined winning combinations of game symbols appearing on said reels;
an electronic game controller in electronic communication with said display for controlling the appearance of said game symbols in said game of chance on the display; and
a value transfer mechanism for receiving value from a player to make a bet and initiate play of said game of chance on said display;
wherein said electronic game controller in response to said player making said bet via said value transfer mechanism commences play of said game of chance including to cause each of the plurality of reels to spin, to cause each of the plurality of reels to stop spinning, to display the game symbols in each of the plurality of reels, and to determine if there are any predetermined winning combinations of game symbols appearing on the plurality of reels;
wherein said electronic game controller assigns a number of special symbols to one or more reel strips associated with said reels, said number of special symbols being variable and dependent on a first bet value selected by said player; and
wherein the appearance of at least two special symbols in any of the plurality of reels in said game of chance causes said electronic game controller to activate at least one of a bonus game of chance comprising the award of at least one said bonus prize by said electronic game controller in response to a predetermined outcome of said bonus game of chance and a feature game.

US Pat. No. 10,366,565

FRAMEWORKS AND METHODOLOGIES FOR DELIVERING ELECTRONIC GAMING MACHINE USER INTERFACES ACROSS MULTIPLE CLIENT PLATFORMS

Ainsworth Game Technology...

1. A computer implemented method, performed by a client terminal, for providing a casino-type game at the client terminal, the method including:defining a request to play a user-selected game at the client terminal;
in response to the defining of the request, downloading, from a first remote server, a set of computer executable code that enables rendering of graphical user interface components for the user-selected game, the graphical user interface components configured to receive input to control the game and to display graphical stimuli representative of the performance and outcomes of the game, wherein the set of computer executable code is identified based on (i) the user-selected game; and (ii) one or more characteristics of the client terminal including the hardware and operating system of the client terminal;
in response to a user interaction with a specific one or more of the rendered user interface components at the client terminal, defining upstream game performance data for transmission to a second remote server, and to a gameplay instance implemented at a remotely executing virtual gaming machine on the second remote server that provides the user-selected game; and
providing graphical stimuli via one or more of the rendered user interface components in response to downstream game performance data received by the client terminal from the second remote server, the downstream game performance data being defined subject to completion of the gameplay instance once implemented at the remotely executing virtual gaming machine that provides the user-selected game.

US Pat. No. 10,366,564

PERSONAL GAMING TERMINAL USED IN POSSESSION OF PLAYER

Tapcentive, Inc., San Fr...

1. A draw game system that allows consumers to make wagers on a draw game via their respective mobile devices, each of the mobile devices including (i) a communications interface, and (ii) communication circuitry, wherein each wager has a predefined cost, the system comprising:(a) a plurality of portable microprocessors that are configured to be used while being in the physical possession of the consumers, each portable microprocessor including:
(i) memory that stores:
(A) available game credits,
(B) wager data regarding wagers that the consumer makes on the draw game,
(C) tickets or receipts for wagers that were made by the consumer on the draw game and which were accepted for game play,
(D) a unique identification number of the portable microprocessor, and
(E) a unique cryptographic key for the portable microprocessor,
(ii) program code executable within the portable microprocessor configured to:
(A) compare the cost of a requested wager to the available game credits, approve the requested wager when the available game credits are sufficient to cover the wager cost, and deduct the wager cost from the available game credits,
(B) create a first cryptographically signed message using the unique cryptographic key, the first cryptographically signed message including the unique identification number of the portable microprocessor and the wager data regarding the consumer's requested wager, and
(C) authenticate a second cryptographically signed message, using the unique cryptographic key for the portable microprocessor, that includes a ticket or receipt for a wager that was made by the consumer on the draw game and which was accepted for game play, and store the authenticated ticket or receipt in the memory, and
(iii) a communications interface that allows for communication of the first and second cryptographically signed messages from and to the portable microprocessor;
(b) a game server that manages the draw game, the game server configured to electronically communicate with the mobile devices via the communication circuitry of the mobile devices, the game server storing:
(i) the plurality of unique identification numbers of the portable microprocessors, and
(ii) a plurality of unique cryptographic keys, each of the plurality of unique cryptographic keys being associated with a respective unique cryptographic key of one of the portable microprocessors;
(c) application software program code executable within each of the respective mobile devices, the application software program code configured to:
(i) allow the consumer to request to make a wager on the draw game by entering wager data into the mobile device, and
(ii) communicate with one of the portable microprocessors via the communication interfaces of the mobile device and the portable microprocessor, and communicate with the game server via the communication circuitry of the mobile device to:
(A) relay the first cryptographically signed message from the portable microprocessor to the game server, and
(B) relay the second cryptographically signed message from the game server to the portable microprocessor; and
(d) program code executable within the game server configured to:
(i) authenticate the first cryptographically signed message received from one of the mobile devices using:
(A) the unique identification number of the portable microprocessor included in the first cryptographically signed message,
(B) the plurality of unique identification numbers of the portable microprocessors stored in the game server, and
(C) the cryptographic key that is associated with the portable microprocessor,
(ii) accept for game play the wager in the first cryptographically signed message upon authentication,
(iii) generate the second cryptographically signed message that includes the ticket or receipt for a wager that was made by the consumer on the game and which was accepted by the game server, and
(iv) communicate the second cryptographically signed message to the mobile device that sent the first cryptographically signed message,
wherein the application software program code of the mobile device that sent the first cryptographically signed message to the game server relays the resultant second cryptographically signed message received from the game server to the portable microprocessor for storage therein, and
wherein the authenticated ticket or receipt stored in the memory of the portable microprocessor is usable for redemption of any award from a winning wager.